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Kootenay Mail Oct 13, 1894

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Array ������ t  /,.  VoL l.���������No. 27v  REVELSTOKE, WEST KOOTENA^B.C., OCTOBER 13, 1894.  $2.00 a Year.  To Miners and Prospectors.'  It is our desire to have the Mail known far  and,wide as_a,reliable A 1 mining: paper. To  this end we ask the help of all prospectors and  mining men who have the interest of the North  Hiding of West .Kootenay at heart.   It is in  your power to give us very material help by  ������������������_j      * of mining: news which would  unpublished.   Every item, no  sending in scraps of  otherwiso remain ur  :HELR WANTED!  WANTED���������Active. Honest Gentleman or  ������A5Yvto tTAVS\ representing established. Tellable house. Salary?G5monthlyandtravelinir  expenses,--with increase if suited. Enclose reference and self-addressed stamped envelope.   '  matter how trivial it may appear to you, will bo  acceptable. If you have no pen, write with a  pencil; if no paper, just tick it down on a' piece  of birch bark. If you are out of stamps send it  all the same, we'll attend to that. Never mind  grammatical compositions, flowing language, or  elegant handwriting, just send us the facts;  we 11 do the rest. We ask only one thing: Do  not exaggerate. , ,-,  Sp8  '.THE DOMINION,'. . -  . 317 Omaha Building, Chicago.  THE SILYES BOLLAB.  REVEI^STOKE   LODGE,  X'O.O.F.  Regular meetings are held  in Oddfellows' Hall every  Thursday night at eight  ' o'clock.. Visiting brothers  cordially welcomed.  W. J. IJ5E, N.O.   ' , J. ������ WOODKOW, Sec.  Kootenay Lodgre  No.i5 A.P.&A.M.  The regular meetings  are held in;the Mas-  onicTcmplc.Boumc's  iz^Hall, on the 'third  Monday in each  month at' 8 p. ni.  Visiting brethren  cordially welcomed.  All  placer  claims   in   this  District  legally held may be laid over from the  15th October, 1891, to the 1st June, 1895.  ���������     N. FITZ8TUBBS,  u Gold Commissioner.,  Dated at Nelson, B.C.,  4th October, 1S91.  ^ | < -         -    CLIFF ACCIDENT AT BANFF.  An English Lady Terribly Injured While  Searching for Specimens.,,  H. TEMPLE. Skcretaky.  .   GUY  BARBER,     ,  * WATCHMAKER AND JEWELLER. '  v.',   "      '��������� -o::���������  Repairing Neatly & Promptly, Executed  i  . ���������������        '*   ;   ���������  ,     REVELSTOKE, B. d      ���������  R, S. WILSON,  MERCHANT   TAILOR,  Revelstoke Station. <  First-class Material kept in stock-and  '   First-class - Workmen employed. '"'  General Blacksmith.  '        V   ', *���������        ���������  GEO -R'G'E   TERRYBE R R Y,  revelstoke; b.c.  >  <\ "  ^    Repairs to (Wagons, &c.  Shoeing a Specialty. '  j. K. WILSON & C0M  BOOT AMD SHOEMAKERS,  FRONT STREET, REVELSTOKE ,  (One door west of CourthQuje.) ,_,, . *, ,  ,   <      :o:   REPAIRS NEATLY & PROMPTLY DONE.  PKICK3 MODUKATE.  -      '���������     FURNITURE,  Doors, Sashes & Blinds.  R. HOWSON,  REVELSTOKE.     '  COFFINS CARRIED IN STOCK.  AOEXT FOB SINOKR SKWINO MACHINES. .  Miss  Nellie .Gladstone  of  London,  Eng., a noted botanist and student of  geology, who has, been visiting at Banff  with a party of friends, .was found at  the foot of a cliff in an .unconscious  condition,  having fallen ^froni above  while   reaching   for  a  plant. '' Miss  Gladstone,- who is credited with possessing too much daring, got separated  from her companions, who, accustomed  to her acts , in that way, thought little  of it and returned to their rooms. Next  morning the alarm was raised that she  had   not   returned.   A   search' party  started out, and late in  the afternoon  a boy of the party found an inanimate  heap'at the foot of a cliff, the evidences  surrounding it telling their own tale of  daring'and disaster.   Miss Gladstone  had apparently been, leaning over the  rock tovsecure a specimen when she.  fell.   She was taken up for dead and'  conveyed to the nearest shelter a long  way off.    There, it was  found both  legs we're broken, the right arm twisted  in the shoulder joint and a huge gash  on the forehead, which fortunately the  overnight  fiost* had", congealed  and  thus saved loss of blood.    Restoratives  of the handiest kind were applied and  after a great deal of labor she opened  her eyes; but still uncouscious.y Two  days passed like this, when delirium  set in.   It wjw impossible  to'move her  and the worst fears were  entertained.  Word was sent to her friends' in Ottawa,  PhiladelpHia���������and ' London., -A  point  which at first raised suspicion was the  fact that" her specimen satchel," which  she continually, carried, 'could not^be  found anywhere,,-aiid   foul   play   was  spoken of, but the evidences of accident  were too plain, and an examination of  the plant she was .still grasping showed  that it was the stem of a root growing  out of the face of the cliif over which  she fell.  .   L.A.PBETZ,  .    BUILDER.  Will'figure on all kinds of  Buildings ; all kinds of House,-  '.' Store and Office Furniture re-  0 paired* or viade to order; all  kinds of S/iopwork in my line  ,   neatly and promptly executed by  skilled and experienced hand. -  .,.   Safer Than^Walking.   *  The railway car is now said to be the  safest place. The increase of mileage  ��������� is something astonishing. ��������� Previous to  1S29 there was,not a mile of railway iu  existence. To-day there are 370,323,  and the capital invested amounts to  $30,000,000,000.   Its safe and successful  operation is at the mercy of the slightest accident, such as a defective bolt or    a negligent switchman ; yet"' the  acci- Per cent.-its purchasing power would  dents last year were only   81, or  less I3?.60 Per cent, of what it is now.    In  ^ ^ As this district is deeply interested  in the silver question it will interest our  readers to understand it as.expounded  by the Louisville ' Courier-Journal, one  of the leading American dailies. Needless to say, we do not altogether hold  with the .stand taken,by our contemporary, as we think free coinage would  not-only put up the price of silver/but  keep it up, if the ratio were fixed at,  say, 16 to 1. The Courier-Journal  says:       * ,  The purchasing power of the silver  dollar, which is now equal'to that of a  gold dollar, , would be reduced if the  present policy of the  Treasury were  abandoned.    Silver dollars would  re-'  main a legal tender, but that would'  not preserve their purchasing power.  They would have the same debt-paying  power as gold, but no debts would then  be paid in gold. ' Silver or its equivalent would be, exclusively used to pay  debts, and would have for that purpose  the  same  power  as at present;   but  when used to purchase commodities its  value would be reduced, because the  prices  of goods,  in silver,  would.be'  raised.     The,purchasing  power of a  dollar at present is the same as that of  23-22 grains .'of  fine gold, whether in  bullion'or gold coin.    There'are 371J  grains of fine silver in a dollar, but it  requires about twice that amount of  'silver bullion to'purchase 23'22.grains.  of gold, bullion.    This -simply "means  that we,are, using the gold  standard.  If we had the silver standard,'the purchasing power of' the "dollar would be'  that of 371J grains "of "silver "bullion,-  which at present is about fifty cents. . -%  -. The ratio of 16 to 1 of gold to silver;  simply means that 16 ounces of * silver  are of equal value' with  one '> ounce of  gold.    Recently an ounce of gold has  been selling for as ' much as 32 or 33  ounces of silver; as   the   exact  ratio'  varies from day to day, we* will call it  32 ounces.    Now it is obvious that the  dollar  cannot be  worth  at the same  time  the  value of   the  gold  bullion  which  it  contains, and   the   value of  the silver bullion,'since these'are in  the ratio" of 2 to 1.    It'maybe either,1  but it cannot be both.   'At present it  has the purchasing, power of the gold  bullion, and the'differenfkinds of dol:  lars are kept at a^ parity, that" is, at  equal'purchasing power, by-the policy  of  the  Treasury - Department, ,whicii  gives,<to the citizen the sort of dollar"-  he  desires.^/ A note  which calls'for  coin is paid in either gold or silver at  the option of'the holder.    This prevents gold coin from going to a' premium.     Free  coinage   means that the  Government shall take 371{ grains,of  silver, worth about 50 cents, and  give  a dollar for it.    Whenever that happens it will be impossible for the Treasury to pay out gold and silver without distinction. , Gold  will then only  be obtainable from private individuals  and will go to a premium, while silver  dollars will have > the same purchasing  power as 37l{ grains of silver bullion.  Free coinage advocates say the price  of bullion will rise.    Possibly it might  rise 10 per cent.; if so, the purchasing  power of the dollar would   be 55 per  cent, of what it is now.    If it rose 20  MIN1N6 INTELLIGENCE.  The steamers Lytton and lllecillewaet have just taken . from Trail landing to Northport 75 tons of ore from  Le Roy mine.  It. is stated that the Columbia &  Kootenay Steam Nav. Co., will deliver  ore this winter at Wan,eta from Red  Mountain for ������3 per ton.  They have'four feet of solid ore at  the 300-level of the Le Roy,' and work  is progressing satisfactorily. The air  compressor for the 10-drill plant'is expected next Saturday.  Thirty-five men are at work on the  wagon road from Northport to the Le  Roy mine. Three miles on this end  and two on the other is yet to be built.  It is expected' that the road' will be  completed by the end of October.  A party of mining men have been  making a tour through the Slocan  country under the guidance of -Col. I.  N. Peyton,'of Trail Creek, and included  John A.-,Finch of Gem, Dodd Ford  and Henry Wake of Youngstown, O.,  and Trowbridge Barley of New York.  They'went through the LeRoy, Josie,  GENEBAL JEWS.  Eighteen inches of show fell at  Whitewood, Assa., last week, and snow  storms are reported from North and  South Dakota. ,  The Kingston, Ont., locomotive  works have shipped an appliance for  opening the lock gates of the Sault  canal , weighing over 20,000 pounds.  The comer stone of the new Masonic temple at Montreal was laid last  Saturday by Grand Master Noyes.  Over 700 Masons were present.  F. S. Hobbs, who opposed "Meredith  at the last provincial general election,  will   again  contest the  constituency.  W. A. JOWETT,  HZHIXG AND RE&L'ESTATE BBOKXEC, '  NELSON, B. C.  Lardeau & Slocan Prospects Wanted.  ,A.,McNEIL,  BARBER SHOP AND BATH BOOM,  Front Street? Revelstoke.  I am now offering 0 shaving tickets for  ifcl .nf!       T-T-i'tv.iil-. fn*. 9-^, * ...1  $1.00.  Haircut for 2.M-.  a bath for 25c.  Aud  War Eagle,-O.K.'; I.X.L., Jumbo and  other claims at Trail Creek, and then  took the steamer for Nakusp. They  are most favorably impressed with, the  .Trout'Creek camp,- and say that the  Slocan will bca wonderful ore producer.  Mayor Essery (London) will  probably  oppose him. ���������  Cattle shipments ' from the port of  Montreal' for the present year up to  last Saturday are :, 71,800 cattle, 97,-  248 sheep, as against 70,018 cattle,  620 sheep for the same period last year.  Mr. Thomas E. Nevins, of Orange,  N. J., has bought a castle in Ireland  from the Earl of Fingal, and has just  made the first payment, of ������30,000.  Many of us  own," castles  in  Spain, "  The Interstate Fair at Tacoma.  Placer Mining on the Lower Columbia.  Placer mining along the, Columbia  River  is receiving  an-; impetus ' that  promises to develop into settled'mining  operations.   The scene of the present  excitement is at Troy, 20 miles north of  Wenatchee.   The high- water in June  washed off many bars where Chinamen  mined years ago.   Now that the water  has fallen these bars are exposed Tand  the ground, is found to be   very  rich.  By a chemical process which they are  operating there fully 00 per cent of the  fine gold can be saved.   James Henson  and his two partners took out $15 worth  of gold in half a day���������the first run, tha't  was made. New camps are being made  every day,along the river, and. that  section   promises   new, developments  right along.   ���������' .   L  but they cost nothing,  A Quebec local paper says that, the  Quebec, Montreal & Charlevoix railway  is to be purchased by W. K. Vander-  bilt and extended to the ' Labrador  coast to make'rapid connection with a  fast line of steamships. , u "  . One hundred and seventy thousand  acres of "territory(-have been added to  the Algonquin (Ontario) provincial  park. Its total fsize is now' over a-  million acres, making'it,,next to the  Yellowstone park, the, largest in the  world.       '  - '  Lord Aberdeen acted as engineer on  the C. P. R. yard engine at Brandon  last week, on the occasion ofca fire on  the outskirts of the city. The Governor-General asked the driver to allow  him to ride on   the  engine, saying,,, he  A Shark Killed at Vancouver.  )'  than 1 person per million of the population, while four persons per million  lost their lives through murder Ottawa Citizen.  Thought She, Would Surprise Him.  Steamer ARROW  LKAVES  TOWN WHARF, REVELSTOKE,  Mondays and Thursdays at 8 a.m.  Leaves Nakusp Tuesdays and Saturdays  .   -At 12.30 p.m.  CALLING AT HOT SPRINGS,  THOMSON'S & HALL'S LANDING  Hiiiii  A tramcar conductor was ou the  night-turn last week, and did much of  his sleeping in the daytime. When he  woke up the: other afternoon, his industrious little wife brought out for his  admiration a lampshade made of colored tissue paper. She had made it with  her own hands, and its scalloped border was perforated with innumerable  little holes, through which the light of  the parlour 'lamp would fall on the  table.  . "Tell me if youdon.t think it pretty," she said, holding tlie shade out for  the husband to inspect. '  i " It looks lovely," began the man ;  but as he looked at it more closely he  turned pale, and said,'" You made  those holes with my bell-punch ?"  "Yes, dear, while you were asleep.  But what is the matter ?" asked his  wife. . .    , ��������� . ,  THE  ,  BEST AND CHEAPESTROUTE  TO  AND  FKOM  All Eastern Points.  Through Klrst Class Slocping Cars nnd Tourist'  Sloopi-ip Cars to St. Paul, Montrcaland Toronto  without change  REVELSTOKE TIME TABLE.  Atlantic KxpruM arriveH   0:15 daily.  Pacific " "        1G.-25   "  Kor full,information an t��������� ratcn, time, otc.  apply to .���������"*-������  F. T.  Urewstei-,  Agent, Kev-'lstoko.  OKO. Mel.. ----OWN-.  Ui.Mtrict I'njvsituKor Akoh1,i  Vancouver. B.G.  ������������������ Oh, nothing," he.murmured faintly;  'f you've only rung up enough fares on  that lamp-shade to mortgage my year's  salary. Every one of those holes will  cost me five ct-nts, tlutt's all!"  order for the dollar to retain its present purchasing . power   it   would  be  necessary for silver bullion to rise 100  per  cent.,  and   this  is extremely improbable.     It   is quite probable that  the  adoption   of the  silver standard  would put up the price of silver bullion  for a time.    The passage of the Sherman Act put up the price of silver to  $1.21   an  ounce  in   about  a month.  Then it began to recede; and it is now  about' 64 cents.    Probably something  of the  same sort  would  follow free  coinage, but in the end the purchasing  power of the dollar would probably not  be materially higher than the present  price of 371������ grains of .silver bullion.  Our  adoption  of  the silver standard  would slightly increase the demand for  silver, but it would not be equal to .the  demand which existed prior to  1873.  Hence  the  iieed of an international I  agreement as to the use of silver and |  its ratio to gold.  - ' ^,e^1''l^H^i''? '.S?U--   Vancouver,  on  WednesdajruiiH-ning/aThugei fish- was  observed in the water.  He was noticed  moving about for some time and it was  finally seen that he could not get away,  having been left by the receding tide  inside a line of boulders.   One of the  men,' holder,.than his fellows,'took an  axe and waded in towards the monster.  For a time it appeared as if a miniature  cyclone had struck  that part of, the  waters, but the man stood his ground  and got in a few blows with the axe on  the shark's head  which    temporarily  stunned it.   He then got a sharp iron  bar and stabbed it, ito the heart.   It is  lift.14in. long, 2ft. bin. across the back,  and large in every other part in proportion.  It has the peculiarly arranged  rows of teeth and the minute osserqus  granules covering the skin which are  peculiar    to   the   shark   tribe.    This  peculiar arrangement of  the.. shark's  skin makes it.valuable for polishing  hard woods, for which purpose it is in  much demand.    The capturer. of the  shark has put it on exhibition.  JOHN SHAW,  BRICKLAYER.  REVELSTOKE, B.C.  CHIMNEYS A SPECIALTY.  :o:-  BR1CKS FOR SALE.  Orders left with Mr. Stone, Stockholm  House, will be promptly attended to.  A Mining Disaster 400 Years Ago.  A   strange    occurrence   is  reported  from the district of Hsing Koochow.  -In the neighbouring province of Anhui,  where there are' extensive coal workings, a party of miners recently struck  an ancient shaft where history records  that a great catastrophe occurred 100  years ago, the recoi-ds being preserved  amongst the local archives.   The' miners on reopening this old shaft came  upon upwards   of 170  bodies  of the  former workers, lying where they had  been overcome with foul gas four centuries hack.   The corpses were as.if  those of yesterday, quite fresh looking,  and not decayed in any way. The faces  were like those of men who had only  just died.    On an attempt being made  to move them outside for buriaUhey  one and all  crumbled   away,   leaving  nothing but a pile of dust and the rem-  Hants'   of   the   stronger   part of their  clothing.  Long Distance House Moving.  A curious case of house moving was  recently witnessed iu Oregon:   A man  who  owned   a residence   at Seattle,  which cost him $5,000 to erect, removed  to'Olympia and did not have sufficient  funds   to  build  another   house. N He  bought a lot and concluded to remove  the  building  he "owned  at   Seattle.-  Everyone laughed at him, but he persisted.   Rolling the house down to the  river, he loaded it upon a scow and it  was soon at Olympia, a   distance of  about 60 miles.   Then he had it rolled  upon his lot and, strange to say, not a  timber was strained nor even a piece  of furniture broken, although lie had  not removed the contents before starting the house upon its unusual journey.  A despatch from Chicago, dated 8th*  Oct., says Joseph Humhal, the members of .whose family were poisoned by  eating'^oadstools by mistake for mushrooms, died last night from the eflects  of the poisoning." The entire family,  comprising the parents and three children, have died. ,'  '    It is said that the Rev. Mr., JBinney,  who has declined the, office of  Bishop  rfor the Diocese of * New- \V>stminster,  has, .within  a  recent  period, declined  two other bishoprics.    He is spoken of  as an'exceptionally able man, and one  who would do honor to the   high office  in any diocese of the Anglican Church.  A Buffalo dispatch  sa}-s :   Beatrice  Von Dressden, the young lady balloonist, made an ascension on the JTranklin-  ville  fair grounds last Saturday, and  when  over 1500 from the i earth, she  fell from the balloon and was instantly  killed.    She had a  parachute ' attachment, and was either trying to  loosen  it and lost her balance or became unconscious. ' , ���������  Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, better  known to the general public as the  '.'Autocrat of the Breakfast Table," oil  account of a series of papers he contributed to the Atlantic Monthly in,  the early '60's, died ������ at ,,his residence,  Beverly Farm, Mass., on Sunday afternoon, at the advanced age of 85. Dr.  Holmes was author, poet, physician  and professor. -        -    l .  W. It. Meredith, leader of the Conservative opposition in. the Ontario  Legislature has accepted ,an appointment to the chief justiceship of Common Pleas in that province. .The vacancy wjis created by the . resignation  of Chief Justice Gait. Besides political leadership Mr. -Meredith has  resigned the solicitorship of the City  of Toronto, which was worth ������13,000 a  year to him, in order to accept the  position of Chief Justice, the salary for  which is $6,000 a year.  Wednesday was South western Wash-  ington day at the Interstate fair.  Large numlwrs of people, came from  Olympia, Thurston ' county, <;hehalJH  county, Gray's harbor, and Ocosta by  special trains and excursions.  Tuesday next will be Swedish and  Norwegian day. ". - ���������'   "  Poultry'nien's day at tho' fair will be  the 22nd. On thaidaAe -will begin tlie  big bench and poultry show at the fair,  which will last until the 27th.     ,  ��������� Of the special days of  the past week  there   have   been   two   notaltfe   ones.  They will stand "in the history of the  fair as remarkable in every way.   Sa</-  urday last was Portland, Elks, Mystic  Shriners, A.O.U.W. and Athletic clubs  day.,  Two great excursions were> rim  from Portland, arriving hero Saturday  morningY  For the occasion the North-   '  em Pacific railroad had made a rate of  $3.50 for the round trip from Portland  ���������a lower rate than "ever before allowed  ���������and it was taken advantage <.af liy'V  over 3,000."    ,.'   " ' .     ���������>      ���������  What has been  the pleasaiitest, the  gayest and the most enjoyable celebra-''"������  tion of the whole'fair season was that  of the Germans on Sunday.    Nearly    '  20,000 were on the grounds.  - Oregon's handsome   exJiil-'nY  in the  agricultural and horticultural building  has recently received another large ad-  dition/consistiiig of fresh  fruits and  ������,  vegetables of rare beauty and excellency.  A 150 pound squash is one of  the features.     ' ,   '  '  ���������Walla  'Walhi county's  magnificent  display of apples is attracting deserved**' ,  attention.     If occupies,'a.prominent'  place in the agricultural and horticul- "  tural. building,, and is arranged 'in a  manner'that catches the eye, of the.    ;  visitor immediately upon .entering the  hall.;.' ' *.- ,  -j���������    -;;' -,-,     ,,-   ���������",   /"  ���������        THE FUR TRADE.  Messrs. .James  McMillan & Co., of  Minneapolis, in their September circular, say:   "The'receipts   of furs  are  small, but this js as was expected, because it is now" between seasons. - We  buy furs the year round, but have discontinued our quotations until the new  season opens, when we will publish reliable quotations in our circular again.  What few lots are coining in, are poor  in quality, and we figure them ou a basis of our last quotations for furs. Have  had quite a few letters in regard to the-  prices for furs during the, coming season.   We have replied that we- would  quote furs as soon as the season   com'-  menced, and have discouraged the ear-  '  ly catching of furs; in  fact,   tlie   only  kinds that are of any value when fcafc-  en during the'early fall are   bear, beaver, muskrat and skunk, and these all  grade as unprime fall goods, with  prices proportionate.   Some   bear killed  during the summer are not worth much  more than the transportation 'charges,,  but we can allow something for them  when shipped with skins caught later.'  Skunk become prime earlier than ' any  other kind of fur. The receipts of deer  and antelope are still light, and   they  will be no heavier until cold weather."  Tippling Women.-  Awarded  Highest Honors���������World's  Fair  The Demon Folding Bed.-  Greely Johnson, aged (53, met his  I death last Saturday night while attempting to rescue Mrs. Abbio M.  Grant from a folding bed in her residence, in Boston. Johnson heard cries  in the room, occupied by Mrs. Grant,  lie found her caught in the bed." After  much effort he released the woman,  but in doing so, he fell into the bed.  Mrs Grant was unable to assist him,  and he was smothered to death.  MOST PERFECT  MADE.  A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder.  Free  from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant  40 YEARS THE STANDARD. .  It Should Work Both Ways.  - Gil-hs���������Ila ! old fellow, how are you?  Justlu'.nd that you had gone 'into tlie  newspaper 'business.  Dibbs���������Yes.   Just bought a country  paper.  Gibbs���������That so? Why, you can give  me an'occasional puff, then.  Dibbs���������Certainly ; what are you busy  with now ?  Gibbs���������I am in the clothing business  ���������ready made clothing.  Dibbs���������Ha!   Then von  can give me  an occasional suit of clothes.  ,i Gibbs���������Well, dunno about that.   It  costs money lo manufacture clothing,  you know.  Dibbs���������That's true ; and it costs nothing to manufacture a newspaper!  Then they ported.���������Til-Bits.  Dr. Brennan, Catholic school commissioner for the province of Quebec,  professor at Laval University and one  of the ablest medical men in Montreal,  made a statement iii a paper which he  road before the American Health Association that has created a toeiiuvudous  uproar among the women of that city.  Tho doctor states that from his medical  experience he was in a position to say  that in women the habit of tippling  was far more prevalent and disastrous  than is imagined. Within the hist four  months he luwl seen four women, each  the mother of several children and  moving in good society, die from the  effects of alcoholism.  COPYRIGHTS.  CAW I OBTATW A PATENT ?    Vat a  ffiirSbi jPsE?f "S "? ho?e������t. opinion, write to  -JIUNN & CO., who have bad aeazlr ttttj jearf  ?,:Porl5B'?0.ln tho Patent bnmncs*. Comrannlc*.  ������.12? ���������trtcUy confidential. A II a ndbook of la-  formation ooncernuw I'alrnlN and Jjow to ob-  iHlVZ hJfm f en.t,?'e.c- Also a catalogue of mechanical and HclcntiHo boolcj sent free. >���������-  apecial notice in the tjcirnti lie Anierirnn, and  i..?*-5r? P"1*-1'' widely bcforotlie public without cput to tho inventor.   This in>lca<lid paper.  iHsued weekly. clcKantlr ttiuntrated. bos briar the  i.-irccat circulation of any scientific work In tli*  I "SrJ.iiii8**^??."'-   fan-Pie copies eent free.  ' ~,X'i'J<-.,J$ B-HtlODjmonthly. f&iOayear.   Sidr*  i copies a.-J cent*.   Bvery number contains beao-  uiui plates, Ju colors, and photographs of \tea  Iiousps. with plans, enabling builders to .show 5e  x?MvSsl������I1,3,ftn'U!0C1H������ contracts.  Andrew  nuns & co. new yokx, aoi *-������������������.���������. yj- ���������*,- r  V A OP 9  THE KOOTENAY MAIL.  s\  Zbe Tkootena^ flftait  SUBSCRIPTION.  1NVA1MAHLY IN AOVANCK.  One Y.-<ir ?���������!<������  Si\-Months    ���������������������������    H������  Three Months    0 50  ADVERTISING RATES.  On.-* Inch, per nionth    l'SO  Two Indies, per month     2 (10  Six       6UU  Special contract;, for lai-yc .ulverlisuiiii-nt*.    ���������> -  All bilH for advertising due tlie 1st of each  monlh.  Quack and cure-all advertisements not wanted.  The Mail is printed every Saturday Morning  for the Kovclstokc Printing at PubHiliing Co.  LiuutAiu, by  R. W. NORTHE'/,  M.mn.KOi- ft Keillor,  To whom .ill romimini'-.itions should be  - " -    addressed.  SATURDAY, OOTOBER,13, 1S01.  ONCK MORE ���������TILE ' RIVER  HANK.  Wi: fancy some soil of apology is  19 due to our readers for again touching  on this threadbare question. Engineer  Hamlin has been lieie during the week  to have a look* at the river on behalf  of the Provincial Government. lie  thinks the best plan will be to thtow  the current across the waste of sand  which was, not so "very long ago, the  bed of the river. This is exactly what  was adVocatcd by the Koulenay Star  three years ago, and anyone who walks  along,the bank from the town to the  smelter will see that it is the only plan  ' that will be of any service in protecting the high bank from? opposite the  schoolhouse to the stacker wharf. This  portion 'of the bank i.s over 50 feet  high and is composed of the \ cry finest  of fihe"saiT(17^1nl5~tlie water below'is  very deep, and greatly agitated with  strong eddies which dig out the sand  , lying below the water mark and bring  down huge slices of ,the powdery bank  every hour of the day. It would only  be a waste of money to attempt' piling  along this part of the river front, as,  ". on account of the depth of water and  the sandy foundation, tlie piles would  .have to.beL.of 'extraordinary length to  reach above high water level. If high  water over covered the piles how long  would it take to' wash out the backing  andJ continue tho process of'' eating  away the bank' as before,' leaving the  piles standing in the; middle of the  river. No, piling, will be of no use for  that portion of the bank.  The best thing to do will be to pile  from the bridge nearly to the courthouse, or,- perhaps, behind Coursier'B  store, where the shore end of a strong  wing-dam should commence, running  downward and outward with a very  slight angle fbr.a' distance, of at least  300 feet.,,, .This -wing-dam, if built  strong enough, will throw ,tho current  across theexpanse of sand which the  river has stolen from the eastern bank.  With the current making a new'chan-  nel for itself,'the present,one will.silt  - up, and  the eddies in the deep water  'at the spot mentioned will" cease,";because there will be no current running  there to create eddies. Thus the undermining' of the bank would also  cease, and the smelter would be saved.'  The present condition of a wing-dam  constructed last winter' in , the Nar-'  , rows- is a good example of what will  take place -here. In the still water  behind' the dam the mud" sand and  gravel have silted up on ii level with  the " top -of the dam and offer a  solid, ' substantial backing which no  force of water can break through.  The wing^dam . Mr. Hamlin intends  (or expects-) to build will have to.be of  more than ordinary strength, as tho  current from the'bridge to "the "upper  wharf is-probably as swift as any portion'of .the. river between here and the  Arrow Lake. It will cost a great deal  more than the.amounts prpmised by  the  two Governments, that is, if it is  rto answer the purpose intended. It  is understood ��������� that the preliminary  work 'of getting out timber and rock  will be commenced, next week. _ This  ��������� will-take considerable time, and it may  reasonably be expected that two or  three feet of show will cover the  ground before .actual operations can  begin. Plenty of labor is to be had in  the town. There will, be no need to  bring in men from outside to do the  work. One thing we would impress  ou iir. Hamlin's attention, and that is  if the high water cornea before- the  work is entirely finished, then goodbye to the whole business.  BRITISH   COLUMBIA   AND  FREE TRADE.  It is evident that the next Dominion election will be fought on the lines  of Free Trade versu* Protection. That  universal free trade would he a blessing to the whole work! is not to be  denied. In protected countries every  article of commerce except labor is  given a fictitious value, thus curtailing  the working man's ability to save a  portion of his earnings,' even if his  wages are higher than they would be  under .free trade. But it, would on the  -face of it appear to be folly to throw  open our'market to the whole world  without obtaining a like concession for  the goods we have to sell. 'TV's questionable whether a- ".tariff for, revenue  V&.y-" which is-the nearest approach to  -free trade we can expect to have in  this country, will have the effect of  cheapening articles to any extent. But  with genuine free trade British Columbia would benefit to an incalculable  extent, while Ontario would lose her  British Columbia trade.  Here in the mountains it is more a  question of freight -rates than free  trade. With the tariff taken off American' eooda .'-rs would   save most of  the money we are now compelled to  pay in the shape of freight rates to the  monster monopoly that now squeezes  all it possibly can, out of us. The  tariff duties compel us to buy in Montreal, Toronto!;or Vancouver. In either  case the goods have to be carried by  the C.P.R., and the freight rates are  killing. Take oiT the duty, and every  lnan'dofiig'birsini'Ss in this i'trnvh",-aye,  in the whole of West Kootenay, would  buy at Spokane, with which' city we  have communication, entirely independent of the C.P.K., and if the present  steamboat company's carrying charges  were too high.-it would be an easy  matter for West Kootenay business  men to organise a company and run  their own boats. It would pay. .Montreal and Toronto would lose our trade  ���������no small affair, either���������the C. P. K.  would carry no more goods for us;  and Spokane would be built up by  West Kootenay trade because the  monopoly exercised by tlie C.P.R. vfas  exnsperatingly unbearable. ' We could  live then. Now we are merely existing under the grip of a corporation  that discriminates' against us in a  shameful manner, carrying freight  through this" town and 100 miles  beyond at a much cheaper rate than it  will drop it'biT here. West Kootetiay  should vote for the Liberals and free  trade, or partial free trade, or anything that will help us to get out of  the clutches of the C.P.R.  THINGS SAID AND DONE ABOUT  \    '    ' .TOWN. ������  '   '.  [by^iogevi-s.]    n.y _ ���������������  We have an "artful dodger" in our  midst, and his name is Thomas Cad-  man. Thomas was cut out for1 great--r  things than a mere factotum in the  back yard of a government ollice. The  assessment of lots in Revelstoke came  as a great surprise to nineteen-twenti-  eths of our citizens. But it need not  have been, as the whole thing had been  .in preparation for some time past. It-  will b"e remembered that'about two  months (or perhaps less) ago, Mr. Cad-  man visited several lot-owners with  the plausible tale of wanting to buy a  lot for a client who 'wished to build."  He wanted a corner lot in a commanding position ; in fact, the best in the  townsite, and asked the owner to put'  his own price upon it. In some cases  .$200 was asked, in others $500, and in  one or two cases the owner; would not  sell at arf,"although the '-wily" Thomas'  made an offer.of. $200. His position as  a retired real 'estate dealer, of course,  lent color to the genuineness of his efforts to buy.a lot; But tjfie whole-thing"  was a "plant."' -It was a'put-np'job'';to  get at the assessment value of the lots,'-  in view of the 'corning coivp iV clat, of  which the'citizens weWh- blissful ig:  nora'nee. Although I"ik*lieve'tn,e' instigator, of the-^Jittle scheme',',., -y-is. none,  other than our,-indefatigable ...Government Agent and Chief Oonsfaihlc/yet I.  must ,complimei\t Mr. Cad man pn-.the  skilful manner*in-.whichjhe v.ariied o.iit.:  the plans.of his-chief...-vjthout creating  a suspicion of his"real iijru. ������������������Had.-aii.y  of the lotiowner-s closedwrthThprrNis's  offer of $200, he would, have managed-  somehow to let the cUjal fall through..  Such .smartness and abilityas he has  shown in.valuing.,lots should.-certainlj*-  "meet with some reward.. Tho- Government-should, appoint him permanent  assessor of the city of ..Revelstoke.-  In the. matter of getting one's name  on the Dominion voter's list,"the -arrangements are disgraceful. No notification, has been received" in this .town  from the* revising barrister or any of  his agents (if he has auy)as-to the$ime  the list closes, hgw to get on/whr-re to  apply for forms, or-anything -else. In  fact, no information has been-vouchsafed to auy-n'ewspsppr or individual,  and it seem*; as if the "Dominion authorities wished to overlook ..this, district entirely. If the revising l-arrist/;r  was above doing.this work, what was  the matter with Mr. Mara, ortr member? Why did'he not send some sort'  of information to the papers in West  Kootenay on this important matter?.  Was he also afraid that the Opposition  vote would be augmented theicb\*? It  is nothing less than gro.ss negligence  And when an editor writ"-* to Uio revising barrister for information and g^ts  no reply, it is worse than negligence.  It is supposed that the list closes on  the 33th inst. What are we going to  ���������lo about it? Nearly every citizen in  town is eligible to vote, but   how  are  we to get on the list?  # ������  What a contrast is this state of  things to the Provincial Government's  action in the. late election! It was  brought to the attention of voters in  every town and camp in the province.  Every newspaper published advertisements and notices of the dates and places ; forms could be obtained almost  anywhere, and no one could say that he  knew nothing about it. But even then  there were many who did not go on  the list. In this district we have, no  political associations to look after their  voters. If a man wishes to get"on the  list he has to see' to it himself. But the  difficulties placed in the way.by those  who arc responsible for the Dominion  list make it very improbable that half  the. voters in this district, at least, will  be able to vote at the forthcoming geri-  eral election.  ������  *  Tn the light of recent events nt the  public school, it, would seem that the  lime 1ih': come when the giiKnud hoy.  should'bc in separate rooms and separate pl.iy-grounds.    One or   two   girls  have already been kept���������������I,home on ac--  count of improper conduct on the part  of two boys at least.   The teacher has  investigated  the -tnatCer, and the'out--  como is that the said two hoys have re-  T-iMred a iih'gellation at his hands.   One.  of the urchins is  of -jucIi   tender   age  thairbV-mu*-"- hifcve-lmd ther'-exaft-ple of ���������  his elders.    Parents  will   think   twice  before sending their girls 'to  a   school  where such tilings are possible, and for  my part I think if a lady were to open  a private school here  she would have  quite a number of pupils.  * *  I wonder how the news of any public  works iroiirg on gets around the conn-  tity so rapidly? If it leaks out that the  Government will spendafew thousand  dollars on roads, trails', bridges, or even  rivei;-,banks,-iook out for ar.i influx of  hums, tie-walkers, fresh-air-' merchants;  card-sharpers, &<���������.; i'i i'"'H. the whole  wandering population of the Pacific  slope seems togathcrllki-carrion crows  to banquet on a dead horse. There are-  two factious of this i.;oii\-y crowd of  iinmip-rnuls which hunt together���������tho  tiu-horn gamblers and theileini-nionde.  Like>Xhe jackal which lures the game  to the lion's covert, these daughters of  Eve attract the foolish and the unwary, and then the victim is handed over,  to the tender mercies of the "silent  partner," who soon shuffles the money  out of the'pockets of the visitor, whether "old-timer" or "tenderfoot." Now  this combination of] faseination-'and  gambling is^vi thi~r tpO'much for a Rl'U'e;  of this size," .ind on "my nocturnal trips"  around town the light of my lantern  oxpor.es many "little games" unknown'  and undreamt of by , the police. X '  think, though, in the cause ot decency,  if not o% morality, that -these partner,  ships,should be broken" up, and.the  garnblers run out of town.-: The red  curtai u" sho\ilct not bt? alio wed to, screen:  a gambler's outfit, after it has 'been  snvpposcd to be suppressed in all the ho-'  tels. The police will be justified in  looking into this thing.  Why is it that the people of Lower  Kootenay exhibit so much scorn of everything pertaining to Revelstoke'and  llevelstokians?    When    Laurier ' was'  here it was expected that   the ardent  Liberals in the.lowijj-* country   would,  come up'to.hear him.. But the only one  to do so was Mr. XV. Thomlinson, of New  Denver, an old' Re\ elstokian   himself.'  TlfeStocai'tP^pspcctor saiif there we're1,  .many in the district who-would ji;V#.>J<P..  hear-Laurier, Initthey woulttYnpt goto-  Revelstoke ! The same generosity'tow-  arcls,, Revelstoke   prevails , in'0 Nelson,  where for years tlie newspaper throve'  and waxed fat by publishing cQiitomp,-:.  1 tiious articles-onthe town at'the- head-  of'navigation   on-rthe Columbia; ami  , there are still men  ill" business   there,  .who.laid the foundations of their foiv'  .tunes'.herej who.will get jumping niad'  .if any one tells them Revelstoke is pro-'  gressing.   What (s the reason pf it all ?  Is it envy," jealousy,  or   pure ' cussed-  ness ?    It is not so very long  ago that.  Iii-vels^oke was the only to\yn in West  .Ki>otenay.-   >Vith ' the" discoveries on  ���������Toad Mountain there sprung up a mining camp which was called .Nelson", .and  some   Revelstoke   merehants. started  ���������branch businesses there. The camp preps-,  peredV became a town, and thewliilom  Revelstoke merchants became permanent traders in the new place, closing  out their establishments here.   So   far  so good and no harm done. But to-day  these-very merchants are foremost   in.  disparaging the town   in   which  they  started' buimess. and sohie say In" \vliich:  they.made money."   Q, gratitude, thou:  art a myth ! L  STRAWBERRY PLANTS FOR-SALE.  II  KALTHV yoims? <-trawborry plants o������ the  j. jl J 1.k 1 ion'tnxa awl VV'Kori vanotloi for lale  at 31 a hundrofl.���������Apply -X. Y.-, Mail office,  ito* cKtofce.        '    - - '   '  40 PIGS FOR SALE.'  PIGS from  hix weeks old   up. flora   nn  imported Bcrki-liire- jwdigrepd hoar."   A rare  chance to hocuro i?ryxl ���������.l������'. for future use.  J-'J'UD. KIlArfKr". Ui-velstoko.  Notice of Application for Certificate of  ���������' Improvements.  KIXVKR OUiJ Mn'KKAf, CI-AIII.  rpA KK NOTlfR that I. Tiuhlks Hor.rr.s;  J Atfi-nt fur tli" n'oove cl'iun, true nunur's  (-/rlilWj.ite No. 107'te, int. n.l, -ixty <1 ij'n from llie  <lat<- lu-rouf, t'> (ijiply t" llu- (joI-I C'oinml--ioiii-r  for a e'rtiflm'.n of imjiMvcni-'iiiX for the pur-  p<w<- of oljUItilii'C a frown K^'at for the above  i-liiltn.  Ainl further lnko noilci' that lulvorxe claim*  muni he wut tc tlie Miliiiif,' Hi <or.li rand -v tion  enmmonr-d before I'll-Miiancc of Kiieh wrtitl  once of ImprovpniPiif >���������.  I).u>d this nrl. day of Autfust. 1.01.  TABLE  Rluno ing the Date* fiiul PUicen of Court*  nf Afitize, Nisi Privs, and Oyer and  Terminer, and (/fn-eral Coot Delivery for llie ycur JS->4.  -FA'.L  A.SSIZE3.  'Nelson...... Monday.. 10th September  'Donald .....Mo.iday,-lTtli.September  Clin Urn Thursday.aOtb September  Richfield    ...Monday. 2-Jth September  Kamloops .. .Monday. -1st October  Vernon Monday. .Hl.h October  T.ytton Friday.    J2th Octal-fir  New Westminster. .. .Tuesday. .0th November  Vancouver.. .Monday  .12th November  Vietori,) Tuesday. .20th November  N.ui.iiino Tuesday.  27th November  'Speeial Assizes adjourned from the  Spring 1>,V Mr. Justice W.-ilkem and  now fixed lor I hese d.itf-s.  DOCTORS DIFFER  Occasionally,   but   never  on the question of  " HEALTH    BRAND "  Gom binations- being  absolutely, the best thing  for women and children to  ������ wear.    ,    -  Eyery first-class dry goods  house keeps them.   Look  for the   word  "Health"  on silk-label at neck.-'  Buy no imitations.  THE MOflTllEAL SILK MILLS CO., Ltd.  MONTREAL.  The R  o oooooooooooootioouooooooo  BREAD, CAKE, PASTRY, ETC.,  Delivered Daily to any part of the City.  -:o:���������:o:  Wedding, Cake to order.    Caterers fo? Suppers, Balis, Parties, etc.  :o:���������*o:-  LEWIS   BROS^,   THE   STATION.  T.M������CEOT-EAL.HOTE  " c   ���������    , :  ',     ���������  C..      >"-\ ' ABRAHAMSON  13KOS., PBoraiBroita.  First-class  Table.  Telephone,  ^ j >. >  FIBB-PBOOF'SAFE.;  REVELSTOKE  STATION, B.C.'  -Conveniently situated,between Railroad Depot and Steamboat Landing.'  I -,.  Best Table in the Interior.  -. .-,"r..'"\'-     FIRB-PROOF ' SAFE.   .   .. FRSE    'BUS."     ' (.t ' j'Y,     .'���������'  Rtcrftv-FiftsT-enAss.��������� ���������' ���������'-'��������� Rates-, $1.50 and'. $2.;op .per.-Day.1  ��������� >'.   ".<rl..       i/.j.  JOHN STONE, PitopttiETon.  the Dining Room is fupnisheii with the best the  \y'.:.'    , larket affords.    : */   y: ���������.-.  _ j ,   *���������    1   , x���������:^ : o x  'T&.BA& IS, SUPPLIED; WITH THE CHOICEST  ;,:,,.. WINES, EIQUORS.AND CIGARS.,.;  :;tf yoSaiit to reach the People in the North " .  '';..;���������".,    \ .' Biding of West Kootenay  '' - ��������� .  '  J^ihe ^ Kootenay ^ Mail,  The Mail is published in. Revelstoke, which is the coming city  -:-. .���������    .- -'-'-rof this rich miningf.district.  ������a  IS SITUATED AT THE HEAD OP NAVIGATION  ON THE COLUMBIA RIVER,  AND  IS TH  Y POINT  FOR TIIE  BIG BEND & LARDEAU MINING GAMPS.   . m \ '  o  o o < o "o OOP 0000000  IF YOU WANT  JOB PRINTING IN FIRST-GLASS STYL  .AND  AT   HONEST   PRICES  Try THE "KOOTENAY MAIL."  Revelstoke Lumber Co.  Manufacturers of all kinds of  ROUGH & CLEAR FINISHING LUMBER.  u  MOULDINGS OF ALL KINDS,  SHINGLES   AND    LATHS  FACTS IN FEW WORDS.  PoluU of Intercut  to All  Sorts and Con-  ilitloiiH of IVople.  Paij.'iiDiii wnulil never let nnyono hear  him tun hi-, violin,, and it is believed that  mr.n.i t.f 1 lie Hxtr.-mely peculiar eflfecta be  pmdiiceil were obtained by his tuning hia ���������..  iiihtrumunt luil������ a tone lower or higher  than the ordni irr 'pitch.  Over fifty kinds of bark are now used in  the manufacture of paper. Even banana  skinp, pea Tlues, cocoanut fibres, hay  Btra\v water weeds, leaves, shavings, corn  husks and bop plants are used for the same  purpose. '- |  ,   The edible doj^ of "ohina are known by   ,  their * bluish, tongues.'   They' norer bark  and  are  very taciturn.    Four and a half  millions are slaughtered annually to titillate the palates of th>* celestials.   ,  An old album of staiupicolleotod thirty  yenrs a������o iu Savannah and recently discovered by an heir of the collector, baa  rev-iil.-il a number of^valuable issues, some  of them worth $1,500.  Herat, in Afghanistan, is tho city which  has been most often  destroyed.   'Fifty-six  times have ita walls been laid in rains, aud  w it , ���������  the sumo number of times have they been  erected ������|*aiu. , ,  Fishhooks   are   precisely   tbo  same  in  shapo to-day im they were twenty centuries  ago.    Tho only difference is the'material; <  'then they were made of bronze, now they  are made of steel. ,1  , In twelve months no fewer than -,21,880  persons died iu India from snake-bite, and  more tlmu half a million of snakes, were  destroyed during that period. '  Tho highest, lakes in  tbo world are on    ;  the Hiuiiilnyas in Thibet,   where there aro  some bodies of'wnter as high as 20,000 foet  above the level of the sea.  Through a pneumatic tube,''700 mile* in  .length, letters are whirled   between  Paris  and Berlin at the speed of twenty  miles  a    '  miuuto.  The Bon Mnrche of Paris has the largest  kitchen in the world. There aro fifty frying pans; each large enough to hold 300  outlets at a time.. " t  * Tlio sweepings of the Denver mint, whioh  havo been accumulating for years, were  washed roocntly and yielded (3,000 worth  of gold. ���������  Trolley cars iu New York city are, of ten*  chartered by Hpt-cial parties, who traverse  the route for pleasure.        . ,     "    "     "  A fanner of Conway, Ky., 78 years old,  ,waa recently married t<> a 13-year-old girl  of the name place. '        '" -   ���������   \  Wooden goods'were  first  manufactured  in England in the fourth century.      ' r  -  A single hair will boar a weight of 1,150  graina. (  ��������� "   y ,-, .i.'   '  THE AMERICAN BEAUTY.  nomantio Otiirln of a llnndsome and Pop- '  (l       j '     iulnr Uom.  . There i������ nn interesting story about the  origin of the American, Beauty. ^'It'waa  firit grown in Washington; and here it attained iu renown. The' late Hon. George '  B>incr>''t, bcHid.'S being, a-lustoriau and* -  Bciiolnr. was iidu of tbo first afnuteiir roso\ '  yrfWcril iu'Aiuericii. Every year he.iin-  j>ort< d L-iriinyi from the ' leading flower-'.  growi'iM-ot'liiri-opn". -The King of 'Prussia '  ���������w-'llbti nM K i* r Wilhohr'i was^ king-^al- "  lowed the Am.Titan hlotori m lo have, a  s.ip'of whi'it'-ver ' lie might''fancy in tho  royal eons-ervitories. Mr.' Bancroft's gardener used to cultivate some of his roBos in  an old liotise away out ou F, or pttrimjH it  was O street, ab' vo Twenty secutid Kt.eet.  in the west end of the city. 1'rnY Grunt  had n iloiist named Field in charge of the  White House conservatory. lie was a  rose giowt>rof rarq merit and skill in his  nrtistiu woi'k. One day he happened iuto  tho old building where Mr. Bancroft's  gardener polled his phtnts and'budded his  loseH. Over iu a corner ho observed arose  of n vatiety utterly unknown to him, and  of woud rful sizo' and purfei tion iu form  and iith'r. "Where did th.s dano from?"  he ca-elissly inquired of his rone-arowin'g  confiere. "Oh, it is i.n ofE.ilioot from  BOiuii cuttings we imported from Germany."  tho man replied. It was evident to Mr.  Field that the other   did   not   in the least'  , comprehend the   value of   the   new plant.   .  After some tulk Mr. Field bought  the cut- '  tings lie had ueou   for  ������5.    A   year thereafter, when   he   had   propagated  his new  ���������  purchase, and become   convinced   that ho  had a new and ' very   valuable  variety of  rose, which he named tho American Beauty,  ho sold his find for 85,000,  the' uiOBt wonderful lesuli of  the  investment ��������� of  $5 on  record.    'Fields invested his 'easily-earned  $5,000 in lands near the  city,   which   in a  "little less than thre*  years  woro_sold   for.  $50,000.    Tri.th is sometimes stranger than  fietion.    In this iridtuuou it   certainly was.  ���������Washington Post.  ��������� Ihe I'riuiuit Kntporor.  ' M. do Bio wits tells a story of the Czar,  who lately dihcnssid with his courtiers the  title by wnioh he might afterward be  known in hintory. His f ither hid been  called Alexander'tho Liberator and A'ex-  ander the llurtyr. What should the sou  be called? ,  "Alexander tho Just," suggested one.  "Oh, no,' replied the Czar. "I nm, and  shall remain, tho -Peasant Emperor.' So  s'Miio of my nobility havo styled me in derision, scoffing at my affection for the  monjik. ' But I aocept the title as nn  honor. I havo tried to procure for the  humble the moans of livelihood, and this,.  I think, is the beet and only metu>ijA  keeping tho world going.   . ,  "Henry IV. dreamed of giving every  pensnnt a fowl in the pot,.ind my greatest'  ambition is to save the Russian peasant  from dying of hunger. For, when people  begin to understand that they-run no danger of starvation, they begin td bless God,'  anci end by loving the soveieigu' who re-  preoents Him on earth. . My greatest ambition is to deserve to bear to the last tho  title of the 'Peasant'Emperor.'  Extraordinary  Adulteration.   -  Wood pulp has been put to many uses,  but the most extraordinary is in adulterating woolen yarn. A way of spinning  the pulp has been discovered, and the pro-  dnct can be c iiubined with wool in making y������rn, in the proportion of one part of  wood to two parte of wool Much of the  composite yarn said to have been made  into lioH^ry, and few complaints ue to  wear huvu been received.  ,    e  c>  >    1  <> THE KOOTENAY MAIL.  PAGE a  THE  PLACE TO  /i  IS AT  &  LOCAL ITEMS.  It is said there are over 200,000 tons  ��������� of ore in sight orr the Slocan Star.   ,  Miss Maud'Hatherly of Salmon Arm,  i.s visiting at Mrs. Thomas Steed's.  Doering & Mar-strand's Iced Lager on  draught at the Union Hotel.  Mr. George Banyan, of Salmon Arm,  spent Thursday in town.  Mr. J. Robinson's family left for Tap-  pen Siding on Thursday.  C. B. Hume & Co. are erecting a barn  lib the rear of their store. '    >  .  ��������� The 'bus.belonging to the 'Omnibus  Co. wouldljook Iretter for a washing.-... .  Mr. Peter Wilson's family left on-the  Lytton yesterday morning'for Robson,.  For a large glass'of Doering & Mar-  ' strand's Lager call at the Union' Hotel.  The -.tanner Lytton is to be -length-  fried 2SJ,ft-t-t -mil "will have a. thorough,  overhauling."     ..Y ,   ���������   ' , . "     .     ���������  Fifty, thousand   feet of lumber  lnis  been shipped  from   Nakusp   to   Trail  'Creek this season.  '  The' Idaho mine, in the Slocan, has  2T)0 tons of. ore ready for shipment, val-~  ued at $30,'0U0.. ��������� ,  The Mail returns thanks for- the re-  oeipt of a press admission ticket to the  New Westminster Royal Exhibition..  The Revelstoke Lumber Co.' have  sold to Mr. Law Wilkinson the cottage  at present occupied by Mr. Geo. Burton.  Ou Friday evening, October 20th, the  local lodge f.O.O.F. will give a concert  irr Bourne's Hall. Particulars next  week. '��������� ������  c As will be seen in an ��������� advertisement  in this issue, all placer claims in this  district legally held may be lard over  from the loth October "to the .1st of  June next.,       ��������� '"  Mr. Otitis.'Cluthe, the eminent'surgical machinist, of Toronto, will be in  Revelstoke on Wednesday, Oct. 31st.  Anyone having deformed children .will  do well to consult him.  Miss Ella Miller, who left Revelstoke  about a year ago, has been residing  with relatives at Lucknow, Ont. From  a late number of the Lucknow Sentinel, we see that Miss Miller has left  that town for a course of study at  the Toronto "Conservatory of Music.  The young lady was well known here'  its a good musician. -   ��������� -_>.*-  . Mr. J. M-. liellie, member of .the Legr  islature for the North Riding, left here  on Tuesday for the Big Bend country,  for-the purpose of gathering data;and  posting ���������himself on - the ^fteeds of> the"  district, for use in the coming session  when the subject of appropriations  comes up. He returned to town Last  night, and will' likely go into the Lardeau next week on a similiar  <3  PROTECTING THE RIVER BANK-.-  The Provincial Government has at  last made a move in the matter of the  river bank protection! JVIr. L. B. Ham-,  Iin, C.E., arrived here on Tuesday and  spent two days inspecting the site of  the proposed work. Iir conversation  he said he believed piling and cribworJc  would afford the necessary' protection  for some distance immediately below  the railway bridge, and he thought the  bank opposite the schoolhouse, and in  that neighborhood generally, could-be  saved from further erosion by turning  the water back into its former channel,  this side of the first'island...He thaugtifcX  this could be done for the amount 'of  -OF GREAT PUBLIC IMPORTANCE.  ," In the matter. of passenger rates  eastward,,, Revelstoke is now on an  ���������equal footing with Pacific Coast'Term-  inals, the 'rates being the same as from  Vancouver.^ It will be of great interest to our readers to know that its will  not be necessary to'go'to Vancouver to  purchase a ticket to eastern points,-as  rt can be obtained at precisely the same  price here.      > ��������� <,-������������������.   <r .  The agent at" Revelstoke station is  no;w*,in a position to sell tickets for  European points at the cheapest rates  obtainable anywhere. . These ��������� concessions ar-e quite .a long step in the right  direction, but we hope more will follow-.  -1" New Lands and Works. Commissioner.1  the appropriation, but'it would he l-asH*"*. J,    >,    ���������'      ',-, ,       ',    ...   '  a���������,! J...... i��������� .....-..,.���������-. ������.���������  .:���������i. .������ ..-..:������ V Mr. George Bohun Martin ha  Dining September 1154 tons of,ore,  of the value of $102,825, were shipped  from the. mines of South Kootenay.���������  Slocatif.Times.   l  Mr.'J.'O. Piper, of Bourne Bros'. Nakusp branch, spent a few davs irr towrr  this week and left on the steamer yesterday morning.  In mentioning Mr. T. Needham's approaching marriage last week, ^the  name of the young lady should have  been MissNellie Clary. ������  James McMahon moved into George  Terryberry's house this week. He will  carry on the black&mithit g during Mr.  Terryberry's absence.  It is stated that the Ledge is about to  leave Nakusp for New Denver, so as to  be better able to deliver ' the " knock  out" blow to the Times.   < l  Some work has lieen done this week  on tlie well at the schoolhouse, but tis'  yet it is not in a condition to"supply  water for school pur-poses.     '  The Nakusp Ledge says it is very  probable that the C. & K. Nav. Co. will  build a new steamer tit that place this  winter in place of the Columbia.  Mr. Breeze,, of Vancouver, provincial agent of the Confederation Life  Association, has been in town1 this  week, and reports a very good busiuess  in the line of life assurance. Mr. T. L.  Haig is tho local agent.  Mr. A. H. Holdich, assayer, who has  been carrying on business in Revelstoke  for the past two years, left on Tuesday  morning for Pilot Bay, where he will  in all likelihood fill a position at the  new smelter.  Bicycles are becoming a usual sight  on our streets. The latest cycler is  Alex. Cuinmings, recently of Donald,  who is a good rider on the rough. Dave  Lyttle is getting a pneumatic tire from  Donald.  Kamloops has decided to hold an annual exhibition of its own, and a committee consisting of Messrs. J. R. Hull,  W. J. Roper and J. T. Edwards has  been appointed to take steps towards  securing incorporation.  '  Rev, J. F. Betts, of Kamloops, will  preach-. dedicatory sermons in the  Methodist church, on Sunday, Nov.  4th. On the following day there will  be it public tea in the afternoon and a  musical programme in the evening.  Mrs. Moxley and family left here on  Thursday for Notch Hill, where Mr.  Moxley has taken up land. They were  compelled to leave Hall's Landing,  where they had an excellent ranch, oh  account'of their land being entirely  under water during the late floods.  Several other families who suffered by  lire inundation down rivet- Imve located ;lit Notch Jlil).  mission.  Judge Walkern passed . through for  Donald yeftterday and will returns here  to-night'or to-morrow night., He is going'down river Tuesday morning, arrd  will bo here on Monday to receive  names for the Dominion voter's list.  As the list is srrpposed to close on the  15th (Monday) and Judge Walkern is  going to the "lower Kootenay towns after that date, it is not improbable that  ,the time for closing the lrst has been  extended for this district.  Mr. Noah Abrahamson,.recently from  California, has bought the Royal Hotel!  Trout Lake City, from the' assignee of  Cooke & Hamilton at SO cents on the  dollar. Mr. Abrahamson will carry on  business there this winter, but he says  it will be something of an experiment  to see whether he can stand a British  Columbia winter after so many years  in a warmer climate. ..He took down  about $200 worth of stock on the str.  -Arrow this week:  The big potato has put in an appear-,  'mice. Two and' three pounders nave  been dug from gardens here, but we  are entirely eclipsed by monster vegetables from Salmon Arm. Two of these  were shown iu the Mait, office this  week, each measuring more.. than a  man's slroe���������28 inches by 13 inches in  circumference, and these were not the  largest from the Arm, several finer  ones havings been sent to.,the exhibition. Apples from the''Arm, grown on  the McGurre farm, weighed 1J lbs..1  The Lilliputian Dramatic Club came  to an abrupt termination last night.  The members had met for practice, but  one or two began to object to the character assigned to them in the cast.  Disparaging remarks were made, hot  words bandied about, slurs thrown on  the histrionic abilities of certain members ; then recriminations; then the  whole crowd got mad, and the club  cams.to an inglorious end without the  public having a chance to recognize  the latent talents of its erstwhile members.  Mr. Robert Howsori, a partner in the  Game's Creek Mining Co., returned  from an inspection of the property last  Friday. The prospects of a good return when bedrock is reached are very  encouraging.-'several nuggets having  beerr met with and the dirt shows several colors to the pan even now. The  high water has been a great drawback  this summer, but a good start has  been made and the work will go right  along through tlie winter. The recent  heavy rains caused the creeks to rise  and delayed operations.  t ,   i    - ,   .. ., i   .������   -,  -������.   iu<- nil-, viouiuc tumuli lulu-Mil iias receiv-  endeavor to * make the work of.alaaft-J"  , .������ ������   .        .     . ���������i. - .-.  , . - -    -.,_'    .v. . t\~ -:.-- ������������������-,- '������������������ed the appointment of Chref Comrnrs-  mg character rather ..than  fry to cover     . . ;    < ZK    ., ,   ;r- ���������,<*.*     ��������� -.-,  .,,.',. .      .      ��������� ,    , srondrof Lands and   works for B. C.  the whole river front.    However, he   ,    _��������� ,, ,       ,. . .   ,  would have to report the result,of his ��������� ^ illi,the posrtiorr heretofore occupied  investigation' to the Government, for  Wednesday afternoon  said he. expected to return next week,  when,he will immediately proceed to  get out the necessary timber for piling  and .stone for cribbing. It is to .be  hoped, now that the Provincial Government has taken the initiativeuin this  matter, the Dominion Government  will show itself equally willing to make  a start.   No more time should be lost.  by Hon.  ;election.  F. G.  Mr.  Vernon,  who   failed' of  Martin has had an expe-  -which purpose he left for.Victoria on' ���������-;<        .        ...     ~ . . ------     ������  ��������� . _ ' . x       .. ' ���������       -      .-;   nence rn public affairs extending  oyer  Downie Creek .Bridge Carried Away.  Joe O'Connor, who   runs  Laforrae's  cayuse train, arrived down on  Thursday after being held up for five days at  the crossing of Downie Creek.   On arriving at the creek last Friday he discovered the bridge gone���������shoved off by  a slide which had   carried  almost the  whole mountain side down. The structure had to all appeaiances been built  on a solid rock foundation, but the rock  must have rested on a bed of quicksand  or some such shifting strata and the  heavy rains -recently no doubt caused  the trouble. However, Joe started in to  devise a plan to get his train over and  first tried a raft which' proved  a  failure.   He then, gathered  what  assistance he could and commenced the erection of a  temporary   bridge.  .While  thus engaged, A. N. Beaton arrived up  with his pack train and he was pressed  into the service.,   Work was progressing favorably when on Tuesday  Tom  Downs and a trail gang arrived on the  scene.   They had been sent along the  trail to clear out slides aqd repair bridges and arrived just in time to  lend a  hand to the volunteer force.   The new  bridge, which is located 600 feet above  the old'structure, has a span of 68 feet,  and by Wednesday was far enough advanced to permit a resumption  of traffic, when the volunteers took their various ways, and left Mr. Downs and his  men to complete the work.  B. C. MINING BUREAU.  W. F. Luxton to Leave the'Nor-Wester.  A late dispatch from Winnipeg says:  "Changes are impending in the staff of  tho Nor'- Wester, organized by W. F.  Luxton last spring. Luxton is to leave  tho paper tit the end of this week, and  his editorial writer, D. J. Beaton, has  already resigned, as well as the business manager and some of the reporters.  Col. Scoblc is at present irr editorial  charge and it is said will run the paper  as a Conservative organ. The paper  1ms not been a liiianeial surce-s.s.'"  Mr. W. R. Graharne, of Victoria,  writing to the Colonist says: "I would  like to call attention to the. following  extract from the circular of a leading  London mining broker as showing the  need of such institutions in mining  countries:    ' ,  "What my clients have to avoid is  subscribing to fresh issues until they  have the best authority that the properties are all the prospectuses and reports would have them think they are.  Many a wildcat has been floated in  London by making lies look like truth,  and many others by printed statements  of irresponsible people, who could not  be found for prosecution when the  utter untruth of the statements was  discovered."'  twelve years, during which time he  has without interruption been one of the  members for. Yale. The nomination  for the election caused by Mr. Martin's  promotion, will take place Oct. 17th at  Kamloops, and if an election is necessary it will be held Oct. 24th.; The appointment of Mr. Martin is a.deserved  recognition of the importance of his  long public service. It would be a graceful thing to elect him by acclamation ;  it ig said however that Mr.'John T. Edwards will be run in opposition.  r m   m  Qualifications for the Federal Franchise.  " The qualifications for persons to bo put on tho  Dominion voters' lists arc uts follows:  .  All applicants must bo of tho full age of 21  years and British subjects, and  may qualify  under:  1. Owner.  2., Tenant.  SI. Occupant.  i. Income.  5. Farmer's son. ,  C. Owner's son.  The qualifications arc defined as follows:'  1. Owner���������In a city, real property worth ftt  least ������300. In a town, worth at least S2UU; or in  "J place other than a city or a town, worth at  least ?1j0. '���������  2. Tenant���������Tenant of' real property at a  monthly rontal of at least ������2, or a quarterly  rental of at least $6, or a half-yearly rental of  at least $12, or an annual rental of at least $20,  and in possession thereof as .such tenant for at  least ono year prior to date of application)'and  has bona fide paid one year's rent for such real  property. ' > '  3. Occupant���������Occupant of real property in a  city, worth at least $300; or In a town, worth at  least 9200; or in any place other than a town or  city, worth at least $150. Must have boon in  occupation of such real property for at loast a  year beforo date of application.  4. Income���������If u resident within electron!  district and derives an income annually from  his earnings in inonoy or money's worth, or  from some invcMmerit in Canada, ofaclciiht  $300, and has so derived such income and been  n resident of Canada for one year next before  dato of application.  0. Farmer's son���������If father Is living���������Is and  has been a resident for one year next before  dato of application with his futhcr. Father's  land must be sufllciciit" in value tu qualify himself and his sons. If not, elder sons to have  preference.  If father is dead���������Is and has been a resident  for one year noxt before date of application  with mother or part of time with mother and  part with father.  0. Owner's son���������Same as in case of farmer's  son.  Silver Prices.for the Week. . ,  Last Friday silver took an upward  turn, closirrg at' 034 cents an ounce, or  J cent better 'than the day before. Next  day (Saturday) it went to 04c. an ounce,  and on Monday the gain was still further increased, the" market" closing at  64.j"c. Tuesday saw ra downward'ten'  :dency, "and :therclosing price was "Sic.  The fall continued on Wednesday, the  price being 63}c, but on Thursday it  rose i to 63j|c. an ounce.' In London  the price was 29|d. *   ', r  ,     'j,,-' '''*'��������������������������� '���������  ��������� 'Judge cWalkem an Optimists ,  In;his .charge to the gr^nd .jury at  the'Kamloops assizes, Mr. Justice Walkern dwelt at some length, qn the progress made by that.city;and.the interior of the province. He spoke of  his trip to Cariboo and the hopefulness  of the people there. He referred to the  difficulties which had been encountered  by the pioneers arid said that if valuable quartz claims cannot' be found in  Cariboo,-it would'be the only exception  of a placer country without quartz on  the face of the globe.' Speaking of  some of the enterprises under vvay he  said he could not hut think that permanent mining will be'commenced  again in Cariboo, and that Humboldt's  prophecy, made so many years -ago,  when -he first saw these mountains,-  that they would yet yield gold and  silver try the ton, would be fulfilled.  With the revival of mining every part  of the province would - prosper, and  there was no-.cause for a despondent  view of things in British Columbia.  Kaslo Will Soon be Heard From Again.  [L.s.     e: bbwdney.-   ,    CANADA.  '%.������{'.  A correspondent on Kootenuy Lake  writes that Kaslo' is going ahead in a  steady, progressive manuer, "boomers"  aud sharps being warned off.   There  are five good buildings under way at  the present'time, viz.: '���������  A. T. Garland, store  80 by 25 foet. -  Fletcher & Fletcher, hotel.... 3j " 50    "   s  H. Geigerich, warehouso 25 " 40    "  A. Cat ney, store and dwelling 25 " ������i0    "   (  D. C. McGregor, store&offlces 25 " 50    "    *  At Pilot Bay the smelter is being  pushed rapidly to completion and Mr.  Hendryx expects to be at work running Blue Bell ore in a few weeks, and  it will soon be known whether the  Pilot Bay smelter will rank in the  history of smelting in B. C. as the  fourth failure or the first success." Mr.  Hendryx says he will add a new stack  every CO days if the business is as remunerative as it is expected to be.  A lady's kid glove found. The owner'  can have it by calling at this office.  Another Balloon Fatality.   ,  Prof. Ray made an ascent with his  balloon at tho fair grounds, New Westminster, on Wednesday. He reached  a considerableheightand went through  a trapeze performance. It was noticed  that lie was being carried out over the  Fraser, and it appeared as if he had  lost all control ot tlie parachute, which  should have .been detached from the  balloon. Very soon the aeronaut, still  holding on to the parachute, fell into,  the river, with the balloon but a short  distance away. A boat was at once  put out to bis assistance, but too late  to save his life.  A GREAT BARGAIN!  ....      i    ...      mimt   (fc     ,  FOR SALE,  mil AT FINE. WKLIr BUILT, COMMODIOUS  1    HOTHI,, KNOWN AS  THE   LARDEAU   HOTEL,  situated on tho Northeast Arm, Upper Arrow  Lake, built last year nt a cost of.$3,50'i; also all  the first-class FURNITURE contained in tho  building and purchased last year in Vancouver  at a cost of $1,700; and the LOTS on which the  premises stand, for which the sum of $175 was  paid ; the total value offered being $5,075. The  owner will soil for $1,000 cash.���������Apply Mail  Ofllce, Kovolstoke, B.C. .��������� .    22Stw  .PROVINCE.QF.BRITISfi.COLUMBIA, .  VICTORIA-, by *the Grocer of* God,-r of  I the .-LTnited't .Kingdom., of ���������, Great  'Britain, -ind'.Ireland, ,QukEy, 'De--  ��������� fje'ndBr'of the Faith;'&c.,i,&c'.',&fc.','-.  To tour, faithful the'Members elected to'  ' 'serve in thVLegislative-A.ssehlbi'y  ��������� of Our ProvinW'of British Columbia.-  .. at Our.Gi.ty of ���������Victoria-iGREETjNa,.  .:"���������; .^'OTOCEAlliLTIfS:;?^:.  Theodore** Davie; vY-^TTTHERBAS--  ������������������Att6rriey-General.'\) -'Vr -   We 'art*'  desirous and resolved, as soon' as may  be, to meet Orir people of Our Province *  of British-Columbia, and to have their/  advice in Our Legislature:'-    *  NOW KNOW YE;1 that for divers,,  causes and considerations, and takirrg"  into consideration the ease and. convenience of *��������� Our loving subjects, 'We  have thought fit, by and- with the' ad- .  vice of Our Executive Council. of the  Province of British Columbia, to hens  bj-.convoke, and by these presents en-  ;  join you, aud each of you, that on Mon- *  day, the Twelfth day of the month of  November, one thousand eighthuudred ������������������  and  ninety-four, you meet Us in Our,  said Legislature or Parliament of Our ,.'  said Province, at our City of Victoria,  FOR THE DISPATCH OF BUSINESS, ���������'  to treat, 'do, act, and conclude upon .  those things which in Our Legislature . -  of the Province of British Columbia,  by the Common" Council of Our said"'  Province may, by the favour of vGod,' -  he ordained. x- - ������������������  In Testimony Whereof, We have  caused these Our Letters to Ire   '  made Paterrt and the Great Seal' ,  ,   of the said Province to  be hereunto  affixed:     'Witness, sthe  ���������   '   Honourable   Edgar  Dewdnex,  Lieutenant-Governor of Our said  :  Province of British Columbia,.in  Our City of Victoiia, iu Our said  Province,. this   Twenty-seventh  u  .     day of September, in the'year of  Our Lord   one   thousand,  eight  hundred and ninety four, and in.  the fifty-eighth year of Our reign.-  By Command. "    i        ,.      , \  JAMES BAKER, ;  Provincial Secretary.   .  ,-,���������.,%  t*j ��������� ",?  TO  Anyone Wanting  s~ ���������a*UlliSSS>-+  OIEFOR^IED  ECTMUjeiUDlSyi  (BAH. ������*nrTHK. on84Xlnsr  St. Wort, Toronto, will mnko  his 8th annual visit to British  Columbia. -DefloaMirRaptnre  ho cannot hold with okm, Put-  ontee of 87 Patonts on npplt-  ancoa rorcuro of Olub Fast and  aUDoformltlea. Bocommondad  by Physicians everyvrlnejm.  will vlBlt personaUy.  V-f-R]-iO>1-|.lB.<UC������IdatnnnEoW-.  Mon. &Tues..Oct. 89 and-SO.  KKVE1LHTOKE, B.C.. Vtcterii  .Hotel. Wodnesday* Oot. Sift-  ���������   +     ���������  Horses  Cattle  Beef Cattle  Hogs  Wheat  Oats  Hay  Potatoes  HARDWARE  STOVES      t&SBr'-*  PAINTS  OR ARAM���������  ���������+-^5j0yuw,������������-v  OILS-  GUNS  RIFLES  SEND TO-ME  I make no charge for niy trouhlc, but*  TERMS ARE  CASH.   .,   ,..'  APPLY  TO  W.J. ARMSTRONG, _t  vernon, ���������e.c;1  or W. COWAN, fievclsioke, &������ PAGE 4.  THE KOOTENAY MAIL.  Coffee Growing in Hawaii.  fFROM OUR CORRESPONDENT. |  ' Hilo, Hawaii, Sept. 8, 1894.  Now that the elections are over some  of your readers may be interested in  reading some brief items on coffee culture. I may state that the coffee dis-l  tricts on Hawaii are three, viz :' Ko'na,  Puna and Olaa, the latter district, in]  which I lived for a few months, is comparatively new to coffee raising and  will furnish the data for the following  account:_ t ���������  CiSoyra lands, leases, conditions,  &C.���������TbYe lands of Olaa are Crown lands  and arejioXv leased out by the Govern-  merit'for 30 years to parties who take  upon themselves the responsibility of  planting said lands in coffee and fruit  trees, to a certain extent, i. e., within  the first year not less than two per  cent, of said lands; within' the first  two years not less than three per cent.  , of sard lands ; ciri'd within three years  not less than five per cent, of said  lands; and during the term of said  lease to properly "and in good andhus:  bandlfke manner care for and cultivate  the same'." The rental is from $1.50 to  $2.00''per'acre according to location and  if lessee .is a settler or not on the land].  The" first three years are free from all  rent, and the first ten years from date  1 bf law, which gives about 9 year-s now,  free from taxes. Most all of the leases  are taken up by people who intend to  use the land almost exclusively for the  culture of coffee, fruit and fiber plants,  all of which.grow exceedingly' well in  Olaa. The settlers are'looking anxious-'  ly to the accomplishment of the anticipated change in .the crown land law  by the present Government, which is  to adopt a modified system, similar to  1 the New Zealand land system���������giving  an opportunity to purchase the land  outright.  Soil,  class,  natural   drainage,  moisture, sour land, &c���������The soil is  a ��������� rich chocolate-colored, sandy loam,  from 4 to 6 feet deep, beneath which  lies a strata of" a'a," or loose yellow lava,  which permits a very ,free' percolation  of the surface water, tjieretiy'y'keeping  the surface perfectly drained;' in fact,  1 during the heavi4stvdpW"nj"ipur'we seldom have wa^ef'standii'g-pn]"th'e   surface! ��������� Nursery'beds^bave'been" made  right  along, rain   or  shine; the rain  does not trouble * the   worker,' for  the  earth is mellow and free from any tendency .to stick' aiid hinder 'working oh  it with tools* As all Olaa, is very heav-  ily timbered, and covered wHth'a.dense  ,   growtli of lirider-brush," ferns',' &c.', the  , land wheh-firat'clfaf^-'is^oiceedingly  sour'/and tfeeds quite a few months' sun*:  .   ning'and airing feefore it is in a- proper-  condition for planting, for  most of it  1  has been for hundreds of years, without ever receiving a single ray of sunshine,, so thickly overgrown is it.  Clearing land, labour,1 cost, &c.  ���������All this timber and underbrush must  be cleared.off .to be  able to* properly  plant and raise coffee in   Olaa, on   account of the cloudy and rainy weather, as the more the sun can be brought  to bear on the plants the   better  they  . will be able to bring the berry to maturity when they bear.   The   timber   is  mostly "ohia" trees, each of which, as  a rule, is thickly covered with ia-re vine,  making the clearing rather expensive ;  the cost' per acre ^is, on   an   average,  about $35 to $38 cleared and read}* for  . staking out and planting. ��������� The   clearing is generally] done   by "contract, so  much] per acre; the largest contractors  are Chinanien, who do very, thorough  , work and well earn what they get for  their contract.   The general labourers  are Portuguese, natives and Japanese,  their wages ranging in order about $24,  $20, $18 and $15 per month, they feed-  . ing themselves. Japanese labour is the  cheapest, and they are very good workers as a" rule. r  Mode of planting, nursery,'&c���������  The mode of planting in Olaa is generally the "equilateral triangle" system,  though many plant square, about8feet  apart; some plant 9 feet, but the majority plant 8 feet. The first thing to  be done is to select a house-site, build,  and plant in a nursery of 100,000 to  150,000 seeds... It takes the coffee seeds  from 4 to 6 weeks to' come up, and in  about 7 to 9 months they will be ready  to set out. This is the most satisfactory way as the plants are then almost  all exactly alike in size and age, making a more uniform lot.  Wild coffee trees bearing, wild stumps  make good trees. All through the district are to be found many wild coffee  trees, i. e., trees planted Imp-hazard by  the natives many years ago; in fact,  so long ago that no orre knows when  they were planted. These old trees  continue lrearing and many of t.he planters hunt up the wild plants just when  the leaves have sprouted, to plant in  their nurseries, in preference to .seeding. The wild stumps make excellent  trees, and many that have been ho  planted are in bloom atrd are only one  and a-half years old.  Tho climate of Olaa is very even and  in every.respect with one exception���������  the rain���������delightful. The altitude of  Olaa ranges from 1300 to 2100 feet above  sea level. In the wet season, or winter, it rains almost every day, with occasional showers during the summer,  or dry season. The rain is warm and  does not chill, as in other climates; one  very .seldom takes cold, although during the. working hours a person is more  or Jess wet: in fact, the most healthy  weather is during the most copious  rains���������so the "old settlers" say.  A. E. Sutton.  John D  SUCCESSOR TO  THE WESTERN MILLING CO'Y. (LT'D:)  FLOUR  SHORTS  BRAN  OATS  FEED WHEAT  HAY  DEALER IN  ROLLED OATS  CORN MEAL  BACON  BUTTER  EGGS,  POTATOES ,  FRUITS, and VEGETABLES of all kinds..  GROCERIES  OF ALL  KINDS.  YOUR CUSTOM SOLICITED.  Agent for���������Watorous "Engine Company.  Speight Wagon Company  POST-OFFICE STORE.  Gents' Furnishings,  Stationery,  Patent M<  And TOILET MTICLES.nf every desoriptioi. .  SOLD  Specialty  :  ; SHIRTS and SHOES.  DEALERS IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE,  BRANCH STORES: THOMSON'S LANDING & TROUT LAKE,CITY  OOOOOOOOOOO'OOOOOOOOOOOOOO^COOOOOYOOO'OO  We have a complete stock of PAINTS, ready  mixed and ground in oil. Dry Paints. White Lead  in 12 1-2, 25, and 50 lb. Irons. Ratir and Boiled Linseed Oil Walnut, Oak, Cherry and Mahogany-  Stains. Fireproof Paint for Roofs, &c. Carriage,  Furniture and Elastic Oak Varnish. Copal, Japan  I)ryers, &c, &q.  -:o:���������:o:-  A. H. HOLDICH,  OF SWANSEA AMD WIG AN,  Analytical Chemist and Assayer,  ���������<���������     ��������� ��������� ��������� ���������     ��������� W^^������������������  Mil ���������     .           ������������������ ������������������  Aeeupate assays made of all kinds of minerals, water, milk, ete.  WINDOW. GLASS ANY SIZE.UP, TO 36x48. ���������  GIANT POWDER, FUSE AND GAPS  OWETT STEEL, BAR AND FLAT IRON ALL SIZE  STORES  AT   NEW   DENVER   AND   NAKUSP.  W.   COWAN,  1      WHOLESALE DEALER IN     \ '  WINES, LIQUORS  AND  CIGARS.  revelstoke;  zb.o.  ��������� THOSE WHO USED  TANGLEFOOT FLY PAPER  For the Fly Pest last year will be glad to learn that it' ckn be  . Procured again this Season at     >  THE   REVELSTOKE ���������  PHARMACY.  1 THE SEASON FOR   ���������  HIRES' ROOT   BEER  la again at hand.   2.-5 els. makes 5 gallons.  NEW STOCK OF PERFUMES, SOAPS, TOOTH AND HAIR BRUSHES, ETC.  HULL   BROS.,  BUTCHERS,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  PURVEYORS OF HIGH-CLASS MEATS.  -:o:  REVELSTOKE, B.C.  T.  L  HAIG,  NOTARY   PUBLIC '-   -   REVELSTOKE, B.C.  Mining, and Real Estate Broker and General Commission Agent.  FIRE, LIFE AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE. /,  O  Representative of the Kootenay Smelting & Trading Syndicate.   :o:   AGENT FOJt TROUT LAKE CITY, EVANRPOUT, fCA.SLO * NA KUHV  UST go ahead! - - Why?  BECAUSE it is the metropolis of a district whose  mines, besides being fabulously rich in Silver,  carry a larger percentage of GOLD than any  silver:lead mines on the American continent.  BECAUSE nearly all the mines are within a 12-mile  radius of the townsite, and the routes to them all  converge in Trout Lake City.  BECAUSE during- last winter several of the Lardeau  mines were being steadily developed in spite of  the slump in silver, and large quantities of GOLD  were taken out of Lardeau Creek within the limits  of the townsite.  Price of Lots���������Corners, $150;   Insides, $100.  APPLY TO H. ASHBY & Co., Kaslo, or  1  O    rl  ^1


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