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Kootenay Mail Nov 23, 1895

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 FOR MEN���������  Finest Caalmiere Sticks  I) CO  Extra heavy wool do  0 50  I3ett  quality   Shetland,   wool  .    Underwear, per suit  4 23  FiHC-st aat. wool   "        ...4 00  Braces, per pair, 80c. and 40c   :o: (  The English Trading Co.  y    /  (     ''     /''V>  C. E.  SHAW,  ���������>'      '  '  Customs Broker,  REVELSTOKE.  Vol. 2.���������No. 33.  KEVELSTOKE,. WEST KOOTERAY; B.C., NOVEMBER-23, 1895.  $2.00 a Year.  Established 1877.  CAPITAL, $500,000,  -SHIP  US  YOUR  r  Incorporated 1893.  *vs&&zSz'   Goods    bought  ,.-<^^^Sf' rijtlit out; no  coiu-  ^fft^^W1 "li.Shiou charged.  5^ -<f^'    *'s"rs,'lt1<;t!������>n;i,ri-  't*&J$!������i', mediate rctui-ub.  I* *J"^C*?1 iiishert  SIiipiiiiiB tags fur-  lreo   upon  voquost. ' >  TIicjoIkNODUTT  on   l-'urH    or    urfy  ��������� r -1; o o tl s     vt  din.  WriloforC2r<*n!ar  giving Sl-.tiM'!"!?  ]>iro<-tio ii << mi-'-  I.ATJ-:������T JJIAKKI/I"  l>JtICES.  "   HELENA, MONT.*    ,  Cooke & Bozctnan Sts.  Pit������ _  .*h������s ^  & ������3 %������ ta t1 s a h s fea ^  ,' ,   ' INCORPORATED  MAIN HOUSE: 200-212 First Avo. Norih;i;llr.'NEAP0I.IS,  35-R.AIVCrXDES*--:    -  CHICAGO, ILL.      |'     VICTORIA, B. C.  '   55 Wharf St.  Kootenay Lodge  No. 15 A.F. & A.M.  \V. F.  The regular meeting  are held in the Mas-  onicTciiiiilc.BounieV  =5.TIall, on the third  Monday in each  -nonth at S p. ni.  Visiting brethren  cordially welcomed.  CItAGE. Skcki:taky.  -COLUMBIA RIVER BRIDGE.  ''  Board of Trade Asks the Local Government to Interfere.  REVELSTOKE LODGE. I. O. O. F., No.' 25.  Ilcgnlar rneetJiiKS are held  in Oddfellows' Hall every  :S[^M^^MK Thiirsdny night at eight  ^^^45S^g������* o'clock.   Visiting brothers  rfirl������i&*o������^?i' cordially welcomed. ,  n. S. WILSON*. N.G.       K. O. LKW1S, Skc.  Loyal Orange Lodge No. 1658.  I tegular meeting* are held in  llie Odd Fellows' Hall on the  suuinil and fourth Wednesday's  of I'.wh month at 7:30 p. in.  Vi-.imig brethren are cordially  invited.  K. AiJ.Ult.   .1. T. WOODROW,  ,   AV.3I. Iter. Secy.   '  MINN.  WINNIPEG, MAN.  234, King St.  .A. McNEIL,  BARBER SHOP AND BATH ROOM,  ,.     Front Street,' Pevelstolce.  TheConfederation  ��������������� Life Association' Toronto.  Capital and Assets Over  $8,000,000."   ,  Before insuring you should see  Model Policy C'jxtract  CONDITIONS' issuedby  Insuranbe at Risk Over  $28,000,000 -    ���������  the  Haircut, 25c;  Sath, 50c; Six Shaving  Tickets for $1.00.  GUY   BARBER,    ,<  WATCHMAKER AND JEWEZ.LER.'  Repairing Men.*;/ & Promptly Executed.'  '   ,, R3V2LSTOKE.B.C.  Com  ,' the above . BPCTPTi^T^NQ  ���������p}my. .'    -     MtfiJillnlutflD  Full particulars on application to Agents : ��������� r'    ,  T. L. HAIG, ��������� , , J..D. -BREEZE, , ,  Agent   for Kevelstoke. ���������    ���������"    C-CM0i;tI Agent for B.C., Yohcou'.e.r.  ft*#  1  w  A  ;iv  WHOLESALE DEALER  IN'  FURNITURE,       ,  ���������  Sashss &,Blinds.  :o:-  PS.  ..R. HO.WSON,   .  REVELSTOKE.' .-.  COFFINS  CAI I Rl IS D  1N' STOCK.  ariint r-'ort .si.vcr:it skwing MAcntxrs.  WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.  BETELSTOEE  IB_0  Stockholm House. &&  JOHN STONE, PuormrcTOit.  ��������� HALYCOH SPRINGS HOTEL ���������  Arrow   Lake.     '     -        '  Tii now   o]i;*n   at  these  Celebrated    Hoi*  -L, Springs for t!ic nc.i'nmnio<lntinn  of guests,-  Rates $1.D0 to 52.50 ������ day.c Eatlis 25 conts  vsach or.fivo ."or 51.   Special rates,to faireli;-  or by the nioiith tun be ai ranged.  i . -  1 Dawson,' Craddock & Co.   - - -      ,   - -   /-  . ;    '   ~     ���������   NAVIGATION.  At the   last   meeting   of   the0 local  Board of Trade the -. question - of   the  construction of the new O.P.R.  bridge  across the Columbia river* at this point  was again   tip for  discussion.     Some  weeks  ago  the.boai'd    forwarded   a  memorial to the Minister of Railways  and Canals,  at  Ottawa,  piayihg-that  the,railway be   required, to   insert' a  draw or swing .section   in   their   new  bridge at this point,  so   as   to   permit  the free navigation of the river above  Revelstoke.    Mr. 'Mtint's assistance in  'tins matter was also sought.   Petitions  weie forwurded tii the 'various  boards  of trade at the const and   promises   of  assistance were  received   from ,, them.  The Minister of Railways replied  that  he had no knowledge that a bridge \v;as  being built at this  point as   no   plans  had been filed in his department.   The  inference from   this, reply  being- that  the railway was not   building, a   new  bridge but merely repairing an old mie.  Jhat this is only a   subterfuge on   the  part of the railway is clearly, shown in  the Board's petition to the Lieutenant-  Governor, and also'in  Supt.  Abbott's  reply to the VancouveriBuard.   When  that body   interviewed   him   on   this  subject he said that a bridge was being  biiilt of which one span would be   con-  ���������itructed'so as to allow   28   foet   clear  above high water.  In this matter the, railway has, as  has often been the case elsewheie,  treated the, interests of tlie people,"  which they are supposed to serve, with  -that want of consideration which has  become almost characteristic-of the  management. But the question ������s not  going to rest hen*. Besides'the petition to the. Lieutenant-Governor, the  Board has decided to petition the  Boards of Trade of the eastern centres,  to assist those of the coast and, no  doubt, will he Mici-essful in enli-tingi.  their active co-operation irr compelling'  the railway to comply with the le-  qnirements of the case. The following  communication to the Lieutenant-Governor in council may have the effect of  interesting the provincial' government  'in the matter., 'It is to be hoped that  it will:     -   ' .    " '   \~   - '.     '  "    <  ..   Trout Lake Mail.   .  Complaints are again heard regarding the inefficiency of the mail   service  to Trout Lake Cit}'.   , It appears   that  the steamer which lias   been   carrying  the mails   to  and   from   that district  during the summer months  lias   been  tied np for some time and for the past  thiee weeks the service has , been   demoralized, and'furthei'   that, no   pro-  viiion has, as yet, been  made  for  the  winter months.    The   post   office   department should act promptly   in   tlie  matter'and   remedy    the   defect,   especially as  they   have  established   an  office at that point. . There will be.  at  least 150 men in the Trout-lake  camp  this winter and they will    have   good  grounds,for complaint if the service  is  irregular or inadequate,   especially  as  the construction of tire railwriy  to the  head of the   lake  removes ' the   only  serious obstacles to   the,  same service  throughout the winter' as   they   have  enjoyed during'the summer months.  , Body Found atf Bannock Point.  ' Word was received yesterday that  the body of a man, badly decomposed,  had been found at' Bannock Point,,  near the mouth of the river. He had  evidently been in,tlie water for a long  time, too 'Jong to render- recognition  possible, but from the few particulars  obtained the police think it is the.  body of Alex'Simms, who was drowned vin the ri\er on Nov. 28, 1894. The  coi oner will go,down YMonday, to investigate the matter when',- the true  identity of the corpse ,may Jbe disclosed. The body was found by David  Johnson. - ' '  .   LOCAL MINING NEWS.  i       '     ,n  Items of Interest From Camps in the  Revelstoke Distnet.  The high waiter caused by the recent  heavy i ains did not do as much damage to the Hidden Treasure, on Gold  Stream, as was at first expected. Only  a small portion of the. wing-dam was  damaged. ,.  O. D. IToar has six or eight nn-n at  work on the C. P. R. group, Trout  Lake. Development work on" this property will be contmueirihroughout' the  winter.  George  Laforme  arrived   from   the -  Bend yesterday with,his  pack  train.  He has made his last trip and will  put  the animals into winter-quarters.       <  About 150 men will be employed-  around the Trout Lake camp this winter, the majority of whom will be on-  gaged on development work. ^  . McPherson and Ileatlis will work all  winter on the Great Northern and the.  Hillside, Ti'ouf Lake., '  He Never Came. Back!  1895  .TIME   SCHEDULE  1895  ,   THK OLD  F.VVOKITK  STEAMER   ,  I  nycLA-i^iozsr (j  ; (dipt. Kobt. Sanderson) ;  WILL IIU.V  UKTWimX  REVELSTOKE ' and    NAKUSP  The .Dining "Room is flirnished with the best the  Market affords.,  THE BAH IS SUPPLIED WITH THE CHOIC  ''     WINES, LIQUORS AND*'CIGARS.   .  porn  S5w^j������re������r-h-rvi"*  THE CE  L  Lxas  ABYHAIL-YMSON BROS., Pi'.OPiuETons.  1Z\  First-class Table  Tbleuhone  ��������� Good.Beds   +   Fire-proof Safe  ��������� 'Bus Meets all Trains.  Stopping ,ar.    Lakdeau,     Thomson's  Laxuino and Halcyon Hot ���������  Spiunos during the  .Season of 1895.  Leaving Kov-jlstoko -Wednesdays and Siitiir  day-, ������f 7 u.rir.   "  Leaving jtfalcusp Monday* arrd Thursdays at  7. a.m. ' x  Tlio above dates aro subject to change without notice.  HOIIKltT SAXDEItSOK.  Columbia & Kootenay- ,  Steam Navigation Co.ffl  I^ES-VEIIjSTOSZE. "  s.o.  TH  UEEN'S' HOTEL  ABRAHAMSON   BROS., Pijopuietors.  Everything new and First=class in all Respects.  The Houss is stocked with the Finest Wines and Cigars in tlio li  tbout :il-A_:k::e] city", s.c  pk  W. A. JOWETT,     , THE  MINING AND SSAL ESTATE BROKER, ���������          NELSON, B. C.  REVELSTOKE   PHARMACY.  .     ,   PASSENGERS FOR  Hall's Landino-;  Hot Springs,   t������  Nakusp, Three Forks  Nelson, and Slocan Points,  Kootenay Lake Points,  -Trail Creek,  Rossland,  Northport and Spokane  ���������SHOt'lJlJ TAKE  THE���������  STEAMER NAKUSP  Leaves Wiy-wiun for N'nktiip and Rob'son, Mondays and Thui\s;luys ut 7 ji.nr.  Leaves I{oU-,on for Nnkusij). Wigwam arrd Canadian   Pacific   Harhvay   points   (east   and  west) on Tuesdays and Fridays al (> i>.ni.  Connection is made at I'obson  villi  (J. & K.  It'y for Nelson and with steamer " Lvttun " for  Trail Creel: and North port.  His Honor the Ltcuieiimit-Gpveriicrr of  "British Columbia in council:  Sir,'���������I have the horror to forward  .herewith a*i*opy of, lhe memorial addressed to the Minister of Railways and  Canals by the Revelstoke Board of  Trade, and a eopy of" tlie correspondence which has passed between the  Railway committee of , the House of  Commons and said Board, and also-  copies of letters from the Victoria and-  Vancouver Boards of Trade.  The timbers for the construction of  this bridge are being framed , and this  Board is credibly'informed that the  whole, of the superstructure of this  bridge will be new���������only the masonry  of the old piers,will be left. The. plans  of the new ' bridge are somewhat  different to the present bridge,' inasmuch as twenty-eight feet clear headroom will be left at highest water mark  recorded, which, although a slight  concession to the needs of navigation,  would be a totally inadequate provision  for a steamer of sullicient size and  power to navigate the upper river-.  The development of the countty to  the north of Revelstoke has undoubtedly been retarded by, the obstruction  to navigation caused by the. present  .bridge, and it is felt by this Board that  if the CP.R.are allowed to reconstruct  the bridge according to their* present  plans a precedent would be established  which'would be extremely dangerous  to the interests of the country at large.  This Board ventures to address your  'Honor upon this matter, confident that  you will do all in your power to protect  the rights of those whom itrepresents,  and to whom the free navigation of  the Columbia river- abovo Revelstoke  is of vital importance.  (Signed)    (!. E. Shaw,  Secretary Revelstoke Board of Trade.  - Several theories have been advanced  to account,for the sudden disappearance of a Chinese cook who'has been  employed at- the' C.P.R. hotel." The  Chinaman left the hotel at, the usual,  hour Monday evening' and called on  sonirt'of his countrymen on the way to  his home. He left ,his friends about  ten'o'elock and,started for home since  which time all tract; of him lias been  lost. When his absence was first discovered ids compatriots attributed, it  j u>'the m:\chin.ition of oneof the many  devils which-the celestials suppose to  he lying in wait for them after dark,  and proceeding upon '" this - theory  several ''Chinamen, armed \ with a  qu.mtity of firecrackers-and a gun,  paraded the vicinity for some time,  but failed, to induce this particular  devil to yive up his secret. The other'  theories are that John lias been "removed", by member s of the celestials'  secret organization oi else he took' too  large a close of his favorite drug and  in Iris delirium has wandered oil". The*  police incline to tlie latter theory.  Lapdeau & Slosan Prospects Wanted.  ASSAYS and  MILL TESTS  OIGr^LIRS  .Samples   tested  from...  .1 Ib. to 1 ton in weight...  W. PELLEW HARVEY, F.C.S.  Vancouver, B.C.  - i  - cb  H  0  All    Assays    made     in  Certificates   forw.uileij   by  Duplicate,  return.  ���������THE INFANT"  3 for 25c.  T & B Etc.  0  H  9  oxgs-_a_:rs  THE   REVELSTOKE   PHARMACY.  For local time card of thu Cwnpnnv's steamers on KooLciitiy Uike ripply to the"purser on  boriril.  Korfull information as lo tit-kcN, rates, etc.,  apply to T. Allan,   Secretary, Nelson.   U (;.  OCEAN STEAMSHIPS.  ROYAL MAIL* LINES.  CHEAPEST route to tho OLD COUNTRY.  Proposed Sailings from Montreal.  ALLAN'  I,rXE.   Xov.   9       "     1G  l'AIUSIAN   Moxc.or.MX .  DOMIXIOX LINK.  Mariposa Oct.  2(1  Vaxi:olvi:h Xov. 1(5  , UEAVKiI  UXE.  Laki: Winno-i.c     Xov. 13  L,ik:; Ontario  '    "    it)  Cabin $4.-., S-Vi, ?M, $7(1, $.-() and upwards.  Intermediate ?.'V): Steerage S20.  P.L-.=enRCrs ticKc-led  through lo all parts of  Orcat Uritainand Ireland, and at specially low  rale> lo all parts of the European continent.  Apply to nearest-.l0).!ii--liipor raihvayaLjent,to  I. T. 3REWSTER, Agent. RevelBtolco,  ���������r to 'foroiKT Knot, Gen.  Passenger Agent  Winnipeg.  The Kettle River Camps.  The Kettle river country is just now  receiving considerable attention  from  investor's.    A few weeks njjo  the  sale  <if the Winnipeg, for $00,000. to Marcus  Daly,   was announced,   then   followed  the hig tiansfci- in the Bound.try creek  (���������amp,   effected   liy  .S. S.   Fowler,   and  this     week     the     Midway    Advance  contains notice of some  more,  iiinonff  which are  the  following:   Option   on  vthe Calomel, in the Wellington camp,  to the parties who bought, the   Winnipeg, the amount   being   $10,000.     The  Wolverine,  Volcanic 'and   Iron   Cap,  located on tho   north   fork   of   Kettle  river, have been leased by the owners,  for a term of 15 years, to N. La;sen, of  Denver,   Col.,   and     E.   BIcwet.t,     of  Nebraska,  parties   representing large  smelting interests.    The lessees are   to  work the properties   ronton o :sly   for  the period of the lease and pay   to  the  lessors  one-fourth   of the net profits  derived   from   the   said   mines.     The  lessees are not allowed   Ut aecnnmln le  debt, against the. mine.', and imrst  commence work before the first,   of March  next.  Rossland's First Shooting- Scrape.  < ltossland had its������- first shooting  scrape one day last w������ek, when John  Langford, undertook, with vthe assistance of his gun, tb -settle <t dispute  with Thos. Thomas. The cause of the  row is said to he a. woman and- the  trouble started on the street. They  adjourned to the hotel; where, it is  .said, Thomas attempted to kick Lang-  ford, when the latter drew a colts  revolver and, after striking' Thomas  over the head with it, b'lazed away, inflicting a slight scalp wound on his  antagonist and narrowly, missing the  neck of a bystander. Langford, who  is a man with no particular occupation,  was arrested and' received a preliminary healing, when he was committed for trial on a charge of shooting with intent to kill. Ollicer Jlooson  passed through Monday with the  prisoner, who will be confined in KYam  loops jail until tried.       i  Tlie Consolation, in Pay.  .The Consolation, Big Betid, is again  n producer, and after months .spent 'in  dead work the boys are again handling  '. h" yellow metal. Five in'onths ago  they were shut, off from pay by a slide  of mud and boulders, and have beeu  p������f?giiiff.uway ever since, one iork, in  the slide was 60 feet in ' diameter, arid  this they had to.'tonnel. This has been  a ���������severe financial strain on the owners,  who are all woi kers, ,but as they have  already had handsome returns .from  their property and expect to get.  thousands mote out of it,' they stuck to  the work, until stic'ccessful. ^ '  The Pump Did not Arrive.  The pump for the Last (Jhance,  will not be put.^in .place this winter.',  It was carried to Duwnie Creek by  IIonic's boat. Laforme's'pack train  was to take it from there to the mine.  The train made one trip with half the <  pump and returned, but the trail was  in such a bad condition tliat it, was iin'-  possible to make another journey, and  alter waiting a day or two to see if it  would not improve, tlie,pack train was  brought, back to town. .This unlooked-  for delay will somewhatdisarrjiiigirthe" '  plans of, the wintt-r'swork at the' Last  Chance. Tlie force1 are at present engaged in clearing out the shaft.  -   Working the Silver Cup.'  y That the. Trout lake camp is beginning  lo receive tho attention it deserves is-  evidenced by the fact that it is to have '  another shipping property this winter.  The Silver Cup, which was recently  bonded .'.by Dan McGillivray, will  supplement the shipments to be made  by-the American and, it is confidently  expected, will be a considerable . factor  in demonstrating the possibilities of1  this camp. Mr. McGillivray' proposed '  to work the'pr-operty on a liberal scale  and as a start the lllecillewaet took in  ten' tons of supplies this week, and six  men have commenced work on the  claim, t.he.force to be increased as soon  as practicable.' The shaft, which is  now down 12 feet, will be sunk to n  depth of 100 feet arid shipments will  commence as soon as it is possible to  rawhide the ore,, which is valued at  $100 a ton.  The Lumber Combine.  Tlie details of the final organization  of the, great lumber trust of tlie coast  have been ' made public. It is the  largest nnd most formidable combine  ever organized on the Pacific coast and  includes every mill of importance west  of the Cascades between Vancouver  and San Francisco. The capital represented amounts to $45,000,000, making it in this particular one of the  largest combinations in America. It  is proposed to advance prices considerably on January 1st. Among those  who compose the trust are the Oregon  Pine. Lumber Co.; The Pacific Empire  Lumber Co., (if Cray's Harbor, St:  Panl; Tacoma Lumber Co.: tlie Slim  son Mill Co., of .Seattle; and the  Hastings mill, of Vancouver.  Silver Discovery on the North Shore.,  ... A discovery of silver has been made  on the1 north shore of Lake Superior  hear the mouth of the Paysplat river  not far from the Indian,"reservation.  The vein is said-to be ten feet wide  and where stripped it' is as rich as  ever the Silver Islet's Beaviir- , or  Badgar were in their palmiest da vs.  The peculiar feature is that the. Ie.uf is  located where no precious metals were  supposed to be found, the geological  formation being granite. ��������� It is wiid to  be owned by the Messis. Allan, of  Ottawa, Donnely. of Port Arthur, and  King, of Fort William.  A lay off of 47 men occurred a I, the  Silver King last week. No reason was  given by the management arrd il is mil  likely that the men will be put back  unl.il the smelter is started tip, which  will likely be in January.  The Ciarrd Trunk has inaugurated  an important change over- its entire  system by adopting what, is called the  block .s\.stem, long used in England  and practically rendering impossible  accidents, by collision or U-Jewoping.  From Kamloops to ..Barkerville.,  The  proposed   railway   from   Kamloops to   Barkerville  is again  on   the  carpet.    A.   I).   Whitticr,   agent  and  manager   for   the   Cariboo* Goldfields'  Co., at Barkerville, is given asanthorrty  i'or the st.-tt emenl. that the construction  of the road is  practically assured  and  that work will be begun   next   season.  (It is to be about   350   miles   Joiio,   the  estimated  cost  being $22.0<)0 a   mile.  Mr. Whitticr say.,   tliat  such   a   road  would liea long step toward   rail   connection with Alaska.   A branch of the  British Pacific, for which   a   party   of  surveyors was  in   BarkervrUe .during  the present -season, will   re,u-h   ,,���������(,   Lo  the mouth of  t,|1(.   Skeena,   arrd    form  part of   a   short   line   to .the   Orient.  With the construction  of  t.l.-e   British  Pacific and its connecting lines, a  wav  will   be .opened   into   tho   vast   agricultural   region   of  the Peace   River  valley, and wil] tap   ,i   lumber  region  like that, of   Pugct   Sound.   Tin*   new  road will do a great   deal   toward   tl.e  development oi o.-e of in,, ,-iciresi, min-  igrr c'.mUr.e:-, iu the wwjld.  fr  m St1 .MM  ���������urf-ftj.,  jj^t^_ Aw-rfv ���������  2  THE   KOOTENAY   MAIL.  ONLY   A   MILLION.  CHAPTER IV.  The sudden -appearance of Ruth    at  -the Vicarage in a state of much agitation created great commotion in    that  ' quiet  establishment.   Mrs.   Ware   took  her upstairs, and in a little while learned the whole story of her love for  Dr.  Mowbray and of her cousin's conduct.  Mrs.    Ware    was a sensible   woman,  and,    whilst    making   excuses for' Mr.  Cawley, contrived to soothe her  guest  by ttoo.se delicate suggestions of    compromises which might lead to    future  happiness only perceptible by the keen  uyes of a woman.   She persuaded    her  ' that the best thing she could do   was  to take a long rest, and in 'the morning  she would be able to discuss the affairs  of ths future.   Ruth was so weary and  distressed' by all that happened, within  biidi a short period that she yielded to  all her kind hostess suggested.  Then ,Jlrs. Ware rejoined   her    hus-  '    band,    and    after    a long conversation  '     with him he put on his hat and   proceeded   to Cedar   Lodge%    lie   had not  ,bcen able to accomplish-all that he had  intended to do, but he resolved on   the  on    the following    morning he    would  tell  Mr: Cawley very plainly, that    no  had   been   most   unkind   to  his .cousin.  '   Uo    to" a.late   hour that evening tlie  po'od-natured   Vicar  half  expected,    or  hoped, that Mr. Cawley would come to  him for i-ome information about   ttutn,  if not to ask her to return to the house  ' '   which had been so long her home.  But lie put out his lights and went  to bed without having received, tlie  visit he had looked for. ,.     ,  Dr. Mowbray made,an early call   at  the Vicarage .next day to see one of. tbe  young ladies who was suffering from a  -, slight cold which    she had    magnified  into a severe attack of bronchitis,  lhen  he heard something about the rupture  between    Ruth    and   her    cousin���������not  much, certainly, for the girls had been  ���������-    told    nothing    more,   than that    Miss  ' Hansford was to stay-with them for a  few 'days.   But    this   was   enough to  make the young Doctor seek a full explanation from the Vicar.   To the latter, tbe position was an awkward  one;  r     he did not know how much of bis   m-  '   formation .he vvas at liberty to repeat  -especially to Mowbray.   lie discovered an .excellent way out  of  the diin-  CU"--Ahcni'! I think, Mowbray, you  should see Miss Hansford in your professional capacity. She is really very  , ill and requires advice. , lhen, as ner  friend. 1 have no doubt she will give  you all the particulars which you require, and which���������well, in fact���������which  1 feel some reluctance to give without  ' her sanction. T will ask Mrs. Ware to  inform her that you are here."  " Thank vou. I am anxious *to see  her, whether she is willing to make me  her confidant or not;.  ' The Vicar went in search of his wife.  In a few minutes Mrs. Ware appeared,  and, after a ���������formal greeting, conducted  the Doctor to,a parlor overlooking the  , garden ; she was brisk in manner, and  ' her expression distinctly suggested that  she was verv sanguine as to the result  of, this visit. There'are few women,  whatever may be their age, who do���������not  take an  interest in a love affair.  Ruth was seated in a large easy-  oliaif-besido a comfortable fire. She  was dressed in black, and this rendered  ��������� the pallor of her face the more not ire-  able; but a slight flush for a moment,  suffused il when Mowbray advanced to  her. She rose, extending her hand,  which he ' sei.-cd with, more eagerness  than would be requisite if- he-only in-  - tended to feel her pulse.  " Pray be seated. Miss Hansford. I  see' that you are very weak, and you  musl   not task your, strength."  Smiling faintly, she resumed- her  seat. He arranged the cushion behind  her with the tenderness ' of a mother  nursing a loved child; then he drew  back and knew .that his own pulse  quickened with pleasure at sight of the  expiession of gratitude on the .paleface. '  ' *  " Vou must not think that 1 am'very  ill,  Dr.  Mowbray.   It  is only���������only    a-  iittlc   weakness   due   to   much excitement last night.   Will you not be. seated ?"    she added abruptly.  The Doctor took a chair, and his  earnest eyes examined her closely. Al-,,  t-hough no word had yet been- spoken  to suggest anything' between 'them  , more than the .ordinary relationship  of doctor and patient, both were cr>n-  , scious that an important crisis in their  lives was at hand. He saw that she  he--itatcd to explain to him fully the  nature of her trouble ; and ha hesitated  to attempt to win the secret- from her.  But that the cause of; the breach between her and her cousin was a serious one, he could easily divine from the  effect it had had upon her.  " I may tell you." he said gently,  "that I know something of what has  happened. You have left Mr. Caw-  ley's house owing to some misunderstanding between you: (but surelv it  can he explained away I ' Mr. Cawley is  a gentleman of sound sense, and would  not I am sure, cause you ,unnecessary  distress."  She turned her head aside, and- her  lips trembled slightly: she could not  tell him why Mr. Cawley had acted as  it he had very little sound sense indeed.  " I am afraid that reconciliation is  impossible," she answered, without looking round. "Even if Mr. Cawley were  to ask me, I could not return to1 his  house.",  " Then, what are your plans for the  future?    Have you any relatives to protect you ?"   .  " None " (this with a sob.)  " Any friends, then ?"  " .None nave (j]ft  Vicar an-l  his   wife.  You know tint  f have .-earve.lv stirred  beyond the village since r was" sixteen,  and have,'therefore, had few opportuni-  ti--*, of making such friends as [ might  aik to help rne in my present position."  The  Doctor  himself grew  pale,  now;  and it. was evident hy his blanched lip������  and the slight tremor of his hands i hat,  he was greatly agitated.   At length he  bent   towards  her,  and  his  voice    was  very low and earnest as he ������poke.  " Mi'-s Hansford, f am going fo say  something that will startle you, and  perhaps1 add to your distress.. Shall I  risk doing so? Do yon think you are  strong enough to hear rne?" '  "(Jo on," she faltered.  "It is very little that 1 have, to say.  Some three years ago f met a lady  wlio-.e f?.rc and character roused senti-  inents which had long lain dormant  under the pressure of .severe work and  much privation, f was poor then, and  I arri not much richer now. I understood the lady to be tire probable heiress of a large fortune, and f re-olvcl to  stifle these feelings which had so suddenly sm'ing into life. We. frequently met, however, and ; was too weak lo  deny myself lhe h-'ippiness of speaking  to her an-l being ,-ieur her. The,  tbougln,'������������������ c r hcluerl tn-  t hrorrgh ni'iny  severe trials. You know that lady is  yourself. Miss Hansford ; your position  is altered now, and I may therefore  tell you that I love you.���������Have 1 offended you?" - , -'  She had started at the sound of those  words which always thrill the hearts of  men and women. For, answer she  placed her hand in his. He bent over  her and kissed her.  The Vicar and his wife were not at  all surprised when the engagement of  Ruth and Dr. Mowbray was made  known to them, for they had long seen  what, the lovers had been afraid to own  to themselves. The Vicar decided that  Mr. Cawley should at once be informed of the matter; and again hurried to  Cedar Lodge, to find for a second time  that he could not fulfil his mission.  At the door was a" brougham, and in  the hall he found Dr. Walpole (the  most popular physician of the district)  drawing on his gloves and giving instructions to two servants who were  listening with,an expression of terror  on their faces.  " Good morning, Mr. Ware," said the  ,great physician condescendingly. - " I am  afraid we have a bad case here. Our  friend Mr. Cawley has passed a very  restless night, and is now1 in,a state of  delirium. Tlie indications are those of  small-pox. 1 have left one of my men  with him, and have telegraphed to London for properly qualified nurses. Hope  you arc all well at home. Excuse me,  I am very busy���������good morning." And  the pompons gentleman entered his  carriage and drove away.  The ��������� diagnosis proved to be correct:  an epidemic of small-pox had been r for  some time raging in1 the country, rand  it Lad seized Mr. Cawley in, its most  virulent form. Nurses' came and'went;  the servants fled in terror from the  plague, and the millionaire was left, almost alone. As the delirium slowly  subsided, he was vaguely conscious of  shadows flitting 'around his bed ; when  the crisis had passed, and he awakened  as from a long and horrible dream, he  saw a slender figure, dressed in black,  standing' beside him, and tenderly  moistening his feverish lips with some  liquid. Behind this figure was that of  a tall man was watching him  intently.  " Ruth���������Mowbrav," said the 'invalid feebly. And ".then, after along  pause, "What/Iocs it all, moan ?"  " You may speak," whispered Mowbray to Ruth ; ** I believe he is saved."  "You have been very ill, Cawley,"  said the gentle voice'which he had  thought he would never hear again ;  V but you will soon be well now."  lie closed his swollen eyes, and tried  to puzzle out the meaning of this  strange dream; ,then he fell into -a  natural sleep. His 'attendants werer  no shadows now; and as he slowly recovered, he learned bit by bit how, when  he had been .deserted by nearly every  one else, Ruth and Mowbray had nursed him through his terrible illness.  On-a bright June morning, when the  air was perfumed with roses, the bells  in the tower of the old parish church  rang out a merry wedding'' peal, aiid  Ruth, in bride's attire, advanced to the  altar where Dr. Mowbray waited. The  Vicar was in his place ready to make  lus two friends man and-- wife. A geu-  tleman' whose face was deeply pitted  by small-pox was brought up to the  altar in a wheel-chair, and,gave away  .the bride. When the bride and bridegroom were stepping into the carriage,  he shook hands with the man, he kissed tlie lady, muttering, "God. bless you,  my child I May your life, be-long and  happy !   I am happy now."  And,it was the first time that Mr.  Cawley had been really happy. His  illness had proved a blessing to himself,  to Ruth, and to George Mowbray.  , CHARLES GIBBON.  (The End.)   '   ���������  Eleetrie Rapid Transit-  The substitution of the electric motor  and special devices for fast travel may j second cup,L and speculating"as "tef'the  be  delayed  by  the managers  of steam   "!!}?.?[Ihe ������1,'1 i:u'y's arrival, 1 hen daily'  The Family Diamonds.  CHAPTER I.  'They are worth several  lacs of rupees.' '   i  I ��������� had no very clear idea what was  the'exact   value of a     lac of    rupees,  when 1     answered  Cousin  Martha    as  to the supposed value'of Auntie Purpose's i diamonds.   I     knew,    however,  that it represented a    large sum; and  then, I    did not care to confess an absolute ignorance on the  subject,  especially  to Martha,   who is  quite two years  my junior, although a good many say  that she  looks the  older of  the    two.  We were    sitting  in   my   little    four-  roomed  cottage  before   the   open   casement,' and  with   my   small   browii'delf  teapot    between    us,  were    refreshing  ourselves   with an    early   cup    of tea.  Although  we  are both   unmarried, yet  we'  prefer    occupying    separate    tenements,  the  Missies  being  too  captious  and   ���������  domineering' in     disposition    to  agree - well   together.   We  are    decidedly'  non-gregarious.-  Hence, , we   live  apart, and  have   everything   ,' to ourselves.    There    were    but   three    born  Missies    living���������Aunt    Purpose    being  one     marriage   , only���������Patience     (that  is,    myself);   Martha;  and     Robert,,  a  grasping,    avaricious   old    bachelor.   I  know that  it  is    not  nice  to    detract  one's relative;  but   Martha    perfectly  agrees with  me in my estimate, of our  mutual cousin's character :, therefore 1  thiuk-1  may   be allowed to    record it.  The  last- generation    of   Missies   ,con-  I sisted    of four brothers,    the cldcs't of  I whom was  Robert's father ythe next,  mine;  the   third,   Martha's;   while the,  fourth, - who  died  childless,   had    been  the husband   of, Aunt   Purpose.  We of the younger generation had  long been settled in our parents' native  village of , Nettlethrope, happy, to a  certain extent,-in bur mutual, carpings  and bickerings; when a great excitement was imported into the even tenor  of our lives by the news ' that Thomson���������the local house-agent���������had been  written to by Aunt Purpose, authorising him to take, in her name, a  moderately sized house in our primitive little hamlet.  Now, one word about Aunt Purpose.  Uncle Job, her husband, had held' an  official appointment in the East Indies,  where ho had met and married her.  Nothing was heard' of them for some  years; and then hews arrived of his  death. Again an interval of silence  occurred, to..be broken by the intelligence that our widowed relative whom  we had never seen, was about to come  and live in the midst, of us, actuated  thereto by a wish to end her days  amongst her husband's" kindred, as she  had none of- her "own. The fact of her  being a stranger to us, would have  been sufficem to have awakened a certain amount of interest in her arrival;  therefore, our unusual excitement may  ,well be understood when Robert discovered, by some means or other���������he is  such a terrible one for sifting and prying into things, but there! men always  are so curious���������that'she was the owner  of, a most wonderful and almost priceless set of 'brilliants, that had been presented to her by a great Maharajah,  to whose children she,.had been governess. -Again, it was said that she was  penurious and miserly in her habits, as  we knew our uncle had been. He had  left her everything at his death ; therefore, she must be, we argued, at least  comfortably rich. East Indians are  never really poor.- Their wealth is proverbial. Kith less and kinless, save for  ourselves, her approach filled us with  joyful anticipations; and already in imagination each one of us saw "himself,  or herself, the owner of her matchless  jewels and sole inheritor of her wealth.  Martha and I   wero just discussing our  railways, whose business~tvill be injured  thereby, but the change has got to come  expected, when suddenly my little  maid-of-all-work, whom 1 had despatched to the village on a   marketing  Present    methods    are not  in   keeping- expedition, dashed into the room with  with the progressive science of the age  The steam roads carry a ton- of car  \Yeight for every passenger they transport", where only -100 pounds are" required with the new system. The slaughter ofapeople by crossing roads built at*  grade on the surface must be stopped,  and' this is one way to avoid it. Why  sh'ould   passengers    be    bothered  with  her arms full of package-:, and her  tongue charged to its extreme tip with'  gossip.  'Well, Mary, what is it?' asked  Martha, who saw that the child was  bursrtng^ with  news.  ',Oh, if you please, m'm, she's come,  anil druv all the way in 'obson's one-  orse shay.,   with a  -great 'screaming  sleeping-car accommodations to make a' fcTreen^ poll-parrot in a brass cage be-  iourney that can ha accomplished within1 ?u,e \^& driver, and a black woman all  the short hours that 'now constitute-al fn ^"^e, and a red silk .pockefc-hand-  legal  working day?   In  the  Brott svs-!.Kjrcner tied    over  'er    'air,    and  su'-  " (thing just like, a lot o' little gold  pimples agrowin' out o' one side of'er  noae.���������r should not have bin so long,  m'm", she added, turning apologetically  to me, as sh-i at length paused in her  lengthly ��������� harangue to get back her  breith, ' but I stopped to see 'em take  in the luggage and things.' ��������� ,  There was no need-for anv  name to  eg  tern locomotives are dispensed with.  The motors are on the. axles, under the  cars. Hence, ir- is possible to'dispense  with the mighty locomotive, that has  to,he, mide nearly as heavy as the whole  train in order to secure a proper hold  upon the track. Now -hat ocean .-team-  ers have so closely approached railroad j  speed it is high time that the land road  forged ahead'before dteigners of wa-Wj ^^"m0"^^' I0.11! - k"p'w     .fcha4  craft catch up. <  Edison Nowhere.  Thinkem���������Talk about Edison ; Edison is-nowhere. I've invented some  thing now mat will set folks wild.  Bound to, ������eli like hot ~ cakes. Tt's a  great big churc.o clock, to be, fastened  to the wall right where the minister  can see it all the time he's preaching.  Pinkem���������Nothing new   about   that.  Thinkem���������Just  wait.   Every  clock is  ne could only be referring to Aunt  i urpose. A rigid cross-examination  followed: but all that we could elicit  from our informant was, that Mrs.  Missle was a little, shrivelled-looking  old woman, with a very yellow face,  and a parr of bright black eves -just,  like a    bird. , \  'Did you see Mr. Robert there?' I  asked  uneasily.  'No, m"m ; though, if you please, m'm,  J 'cored at the post-orfficft as 'Muster  rtobert 'ad gone to Southampton fo  meet *'his aunt.'  Musi like him I Sly and mean in all  r>rt- he does!' was Martha'" indignant  to  have  a monster alarm   attachrrn-nt.-i           ���������  and  at  half-past    twelve  prer-i-rily  tlie ' comoienl  a������ she  rose and began  to "put  thing    will   go  off    with   a noise   like}0" her shawl  and  gloves,  forty    fog-horns  and   a boiler     factory]     '    wanted  to be by' my-,elf  to think  rolled  into  one.    He'll   never   wait .for, f)vf,r matters; and decide a, to my Aunt  that more 'n once. J urposc,   .so    I   did    mt' pro-t    her to  -sl-i.v; and   T    could easily  ,ee   that she  was (|iii{f; as eag^r to leave me.  'Ought, we to rail to-night." I asked her. resolving th.it whatever irrfder-  hdad means Robert might have, taken  !(< .'orestall us in her favour, we two  wniiH lib loyal to eaeh other.  , ' I don't think .,.j,' she uiuwijrd'l irr  ner u������.uaI doubling, hesitating manner.    ' i ou see,  sue  jj;ls  those-]   to come  for a gentleman to come in wot al way,   ftn.^r  h^rriv"'���������    rtcl,i^'     tJie  fees me, sir. ; wflI,,d  ba ���������    ���������   '���������  In a Hui'r-y.  Guest���������Gee Whitt.-rker! You've spilled that coffee al! over ine.  Waiter���������Very sorry, sir, but 1 was  hurryin'  to  get  through.  Guest���������I'm in  no hurry.  Waiter���������No, sir,   but "rr's   most   time  Doin? No Harm.  think     if.  would  he  much   better   if  we   were   to  leave it how till  tb������������������ morning.   She is  certain  to  b������  tired  after:   her   journey.  Vou  inixht,   however, .scrrl   Mary round  ,���������       ,,   ,    .       rs       .    -^       . "���������   lift!" later to ino,.lire after her, and  Mrs. Mulcahy���������Doesn't   it  not   worry, with jonr love.'  yez to know that  y'r son  is in lh' li-l    Afrc-r Martha  quor business, a leadin' join  ter  drink.! c?K'tating    -,r"':  Mrs. Mulhnoly i  Mrs.   Mulhnoly���������   Oh,    no.    The .men  the larder, my ej'es fell upon a small  corn-flour blanc-mange that I had  made that ��������� morning., (-Poor thing!' I  said to myself as I took, up the dish  on which it stood, and covering it  with a small napkin, , placed it in a  basket; 'I daresay her appetite is not  of the best; and then those East- Indians always have bad digestions. I will  take it to her. ,'I am sure it will do  her good. There's a whole pint'of milk  in it.'  Rose Cottage, whither I was bound,  was about ten minutes' walk from my  abode; but as I walked very fast, it  could not have taken me more than  eight, at the r outside, to reach it.  A strange servant-girl opened the door  to me���������one of that stupid, interfering  Thomson the house-agent's importations. As if he could not have found  a good , honest girl in Nettlethrope���������  one - that we all knew���������instead of  bringing a stranger, into the family I  'Aunt'   Purpose���������Mrs.  Job  Missle,   I  mean���������has    arrived, , 1  believe ?'- I  began,   as the girl'stood    filling up the  doorway, ,as if to bar my entrance.  ' Yes,,ma'am.'  ' Will you    give    her this, with  my  love? Say,   her  niece.     Miss    Patience  Missle, brought it.   It is a little blancmange, and is made quite plain, without any flavouring.'  .    She took it from me, and would have  left  me  standing  on   the  doorstep���������no  Nettlethrope girl    would  have    dared  to  treat  me thus���������but 1 pushed  by her.  '  ' 1 will wait here,' I said, as I walked straight into the little sitting-room  at  the  back  and   seated  myself  on  a  very  hard-bottomed  chair.  '  A door on one side led into the kitchen.   Peeping through  it,  for  it  was  half-opened,    f saw    the   black  attendant.   She    was  dressed  just    as  described hy Mary; but  she'was holding  something in -her hand that,    at  that  moment,  excited    in   me  a great  deal  more curiosity  than  either  her colour  or her costume.   It  was  a small fancy  basket of a'peculiar pattern, that seemed  very  familiar   to  me.   The sight of  it awoke a sad misgiving ac my heart,  more, especially  as  it   was  filled   with  eggs of  that 'peculiar  dark .hue  common  to  the  poultry- of    Brahma   and  Cochin-China.   Now,   Martha  possessed  a basket the exact counterpart of  the  one held    by  the  black    woman;  and  when I add    that, she , owned  half-a-  dozen    pets  of   the    second-mentioned  breed of fowls, my misgivings will  be  readily    understood.   To,    relieve    my  doubts,, I crept   into   the   kitchen,   and  overcoming my    repugnance  to  people  of colour,  peeped  over    the, black  woman's shoulderl   She1 gave 'a start, and  rolling the whites of her black eyes at  me,  muttered    something  in   her  own  language.���������Yes ; 1 was    right 1  Martha  had deceived me! There,  on each  egg,  in her large skowery handwriting, was  the name of the hen. by which it bad  been laid, and the  date of the    interesting event.   It  is indeed  disgraceful,  when one's own flesh and blood turns  against, one I  I   returned  to  the little1  sitting-room,  "and    then  the    servant  came down. -    ' ''  " ' Missus is very much obliged to you,  ma'am, for the blanc-mange; and she  hopes_ that you'll excuse her, as she's  too tired to -see any one to-night.'  ' How 'long is it since Miss Martha  called V I asked, taking the bull by  the horns at once.  ' She has only just  left,  ma'am.'  '-'Did she  see  your  mistress?'  ' Oh, dear no, ma'am.   She had a message' just   like,   yours.'   Nothing  more,  ma'am.' t  We had now reached the porch; aud  J was about" to put a number of questions to her about her mistress, when  a* rough,1 hoarse voice called- out; ; Get  out, get. out! Mind your .own business I'   ,  , It so startled me���������I thought it was  the black woman���������that I allowed the  girl to close the door upon me before I  recollected that',it was only the parrot,  whose cage had'been hung just within  the lobby. Vexed at my foolish conduct, 1 hastened' homewards. As 1  neared -Laurcstinus Villa���������Robert's  residence���������'! met him. He was looking  very hot and  tired.  ' What , do you think, Patience ?' he  asked in a mysterious voice as I stopped, to .speak to him. 'She hasn't arrived. That'fellow Thomson sent me a  wild-goose chase to Southampton by  telling me that she was coining over  in the Ruby. Well, the Ruby is in;  but she has brought no Purpose Missle  in her.'  'No,' 1 answered with a quiet, triumph, for 1 was glad that' he had been  'done; 'of course not;' because she came  in the Stella. I read the' name on her  luggage. I have just come from the  Cottage, where T was received most  kindly.- If you had come back -by the  express instead of waiting for the parliamentary, you would have had the  pleasure of travelling with her.'  'Then, you've seen her?' ho groaned  in an anxious tone, as he mopped the  perspiration from his dusty face, for it  is -a good five miles' walk from the  station.  ' "\Yell, no���������not exactly. The fact is,  she is too,tired to'see any one to-night;  but she serit���������me such a kind message.'  With this L'left him.  I knew, however, that he would never  rest without going to the Cottage; so,  as soon  as 1 got  liome,  1 planted  myself at  my bedroom  window to watch  his movements.    In a short time I saw  him come out into his garden.   His face  had been washed and his coat changed.  First,  he picked - two ' or  three    large  sycamore leaves, with which ho lined a  small tint punnet basket that he held  in-his other hand; then he advanced to  the south wall, and stopped before the  nectarine tree  about   which   he  makes  such "a fuss.   One, two, 'three.   Oh, how  carefully and reluctantly he picked the  ripe fruit! I could not help smiling iis I  watched him.   1 knew the action must  have gone to his heart.'   lie says  that  hb sends I he'produce of his garden to  his friends;  but  1 know  better.   They  are paying friends, and their address is  not a hundred miles from Covent Garden Market.   Robert  is  too  genuine a  MisMe to give a quid without receiving  n quo.    'Ih.yfruit was carefully arranged  in   tire basket,   and    covered    with  more leaves; and then I saw him start  off down   the  road   to���������I was  as   positive, about it as rf I had followed him  every  step of   the   way���������Rose  Cottage.  Martha vv.is'right in stigmatising him  as both mean and sly.    It was too bad  Of him.   J [is  income  must    have  been  nearly double, ours,  which    could  well  have stood  an   increase.    His  gallantry  as a man  should  have    made, him   remember that  we  were  of  the   weaker  sex, and  he should  have given  way accordingly,    lint   there���������man    again I���������it  is never anything else with  them  but  -������elf and  number , one,  while    we poor  women may go to the   wall or do tho  best v/e can.  ITS LAKES ARE BRIM UP  MINNESOTA'S   WATERS -ARE   FAST  DISAPPEARING.-'    ,<  Italcota r.xperlcncliifr (lie Siunc Plienomc-  iioii���������!Hmi:il.sItc<l Ituinfall .Sitj>i><>se<I (<>  he Uie ������'.iiik<> of llie Itrylii'; Up.  A remarkable - physical change has  been going on in Minnesota within the  last ten years, says the St. Paul Pioneer Press, of the extent or significance  of which few people are aware. Minnesota has long been known as " the  Lake state." It' was' famous as containing a greater number and variety  of beautiful lakes-than any other section of country. In an official 'report  of Surveyor General J. H. Baker, published some eleven, years ago, it. was  stated that,there were over 7,000 lakes  wit hin the surveyed limits of the state.  But the last ten years have wrought  wonderful changes in this characteristic feature of our landscapes.' A large  proportion of these lakes' have dried up  entirely, and-in many case's cultivated  fields now occupy their rich bottoms  formerly covered by from ten to-twenty  feet of water. Nearly all of the rest  have greatly* shrunken in volume and  are slowly disappearing^ There are a  few'exceptions, but this is the general  rule. The Pioneer Press publishes in  reply to its enquiries/ a large/number  of letters from correspondents on the  subject,- and they bear startling testimony to the melancholy fact that as a  rule the lakes of Minnesota ' '  ,  ��������� ARE GRADUALLY DRYING UP.  There seems to be no instance in which  even the 'largest and deepest lakes,  (hough nourished by spring fed streams,  have not considerably diminished in volume. Tlie same story comes , from  evcrj section of-, the state v from Nicollet's' undine, region, which embraced  the counties of La Sueur, Blue Earth  and the adjacent districts.' and which  was so-called from the multitude of  lakes which dotted it like a constellation to the far more pronounced lake  region, which has its'seat chiefly in the  counties of Becker, Otter Tail and Douglas. There is hardly to be found in  the world in the same area a more  numerous or more extensive cluster of  lakes than is comprised in these coun-  ��������� ties. They form the natural rescr-  ,voirs that supply the headwaters of the  Red river1 and of the northeastern affluents of the Mississippi. These lakes  seem1 to have felt the causes which  have operated to reduce their old volume less severely than elsewhere. -But  our reports from that district, are as  yet too partial to be able to name the  list of exceptions, if there be any, to  the1 general   rule.    It   is ''  EVEN  'WORSE    IN "THE  DAKOTAS  than in Minnesota.-    ^Therc wore many  large  lakes   in   those  states  ten''-'years,'  ago,    some   of  them0*-miles  ih   extent.  But nearly all of them have now disappeared,    their , ancient   beds    turned  into, fields,     and  such    as remain"are  shrunk   to   sloughs  or  pools  in   great  wastes   of   reedy   mud.   i/iko , Madison  in  South   Dakota,   one   of  the   largest  and    finest,, lakes   in   that  state,   was  equipped some, years  ago  with  steamboats and, hotels and,*-all the  arrangements ' for a   Western   Chautauqua  assembly.    It   had a*- reach- of five  miles  for steamboat' excursions and in great  part  was   from  twenty to thirty   feet  deep. -   It'has suffered the fate ot all  the rest,   and  the waters have  so  far  retreated,  that at the present rate of  decrease it will not bo long before they  disappear entirely.     What is the cause  of tins drying up of the lakes of Minnesota   and   the  Dakotas ?   Our "correspondents are generally agreed that it  is due, first, to the diminished rainfall  of the, last ten years, and especially of  the last six or seven years, and, second,  in  THE CULTIVATION OF THE SOIL  in   their   neighborhood,   which   has  absorbed  the  rainfall  that  would otherwise have been drained into the lakes.  There is no doubt that this is the true  explanation.   '    Before   the,   soil     was  broken   up   for '  farming , purposes  the  native sod formed a thatched roof from  which within the limits of the drainage  area    the   water  from     rain   to   snow  flowed ,freely     into   the  streams    and  lakes.      But when the plowman 'broke  up this roof every furrow cut off .the  natural  drainage, and  it was absorbed'  in the   sandy   loam, -which   forms" the  prevailing soil  of both  Minnesota and  Dakota.      The diminished drainage basin and the diminished .rainfall together  arc sufficient to account for the gradual  drying up of the lakes.  - Is their disappearance permansnt ?   For thesmull-  er and shallower lakes,  yes.    ��������� The  diminished supply  is sufficient alone to  account for  their disappearance.      The  evaporation in the hot summers is too  rapid to bo overcome by the'relatively  small   supply     of  rain   water  received  from  their  diminished  basins.      As  to  the larger lakes fed by streams or by  adequate drainage areas it may be confidently     predicted   that   they   will  lie  gradually filled up again, nearly, if not  quite to their old level.   Eor there  is  no reason   to  suppose  that the  diminished rainfall of Minnesota and Dokota  during the last eight or nine years, in  dicates   -  A PERMANENT CHANGE OF CLIM  .ATE.  Speaking: a Piece.  I'll tell you how I speak a piece;   ,  ^ I* irst I make my  bow ;  Then I bring my words out clear  -    And plai.i as I know haw. ���������  i  Next I throw my,hands up so I    '  Then I lift my eyes���������  That's to Jet my hearers know  Something doth surprise.  ' Next I grin and show my teeth,  Nearly every one;  Shake my shoulders, hold1 my sides;   ,  , That's the sign of fun.  .Next I start and knit "my, brow,        ,  Hold my head erect;  Something's wrong, you see, and I   ���������  '  Decidedly object. ,   *  Then I wabble at my knees,  Clutch at shadows near,  Tremble well from top to toe;  That's,the sign of fear.  Soon I scowl, and with a leap  Seize an airy dagger.  "Wretch,!" I cry.   That's  tragedy,  -       Every soul to stagger.  ,, Then I let my voice grow faint,  Gasp and hold,my breath; .,  '  Tumble down and plunge about:,  That's a villain's death.  i i f  " Quickly then I come to life, -  Perfectly  restored ;  With a bow my speech  is done,  Now you'll please applaud.  ( " ' i  Silken Tents. -       y  , It had rained five days in ' a steady  drizzle, and out on the terrace the spiders had crept into, tiny holes in, tho  ground, where they sullenly remainedall  all day long, not even venturing forth  in quest of a stray fly for a meal. At  dusk on the fifth day the rain ceased,  leaving the earth and its atmosphere  full of moisture.     ,  The wise little spiders came, out  then, worked'in the mystic silence-of  the night a 'wondrous spell, and , lo,  when the morning'suri began to dispel  tho dense mist,' there, in the grass, numberless white silken tents were spread.  They had been pitched 'one above each  hole-in the "ground._ At first" one received the impression that some trespasser had scattered sheets 'of white paper over the terrace, but it took but a  second-glance to reveal the truth about  the silken webs.  Had the spiders gone into camp' during tho night ?  What'Papep is Made Of. ,  Paper is one of the most lavishly used  articles of  modern 'times.   The  materials of which it can b:j made are almost  as numerous and common as the uses to-  wbieh the finished article is put.    Thero''  are something oveiytwo  thousand pat-1  ents covering the making of paper.   It  may be manufactured,  under soioe    of  them, from tho leaves of trees ; from hop  plants, bean'stalks, pea vines; from the .  trunks and stems of Indian  corn    and  every h variety of , grain ;    from     moss,  clover, and timothy hay, and more than  100 kinds of grasses ;from straw and co--  coanut fibre;  from  fresh-water    weeds  and sea weeds; from sawdust, shavings,  and asbestos; fromvthistles and  thistle   ,  down; from banana skins, tobacco sta'ks,  and tan bark; from hair, wool,, fur-, old  sacking, or   bagging, and from'"- almost   .  any other imaginable refuse.  <      A'Dip In a Japs   Pocket.  Japanese folks have six or eight ,poc������  kets cunningly inserted in the cuffs oi  their wide sleeves. These pockets aro  always filled with a curious miscellany  peculiar, to the droll little people. *   *  As common ,as twine in tho British  boy's pocket is the .prayer amulet, writ-\  ten on delicate sheets of rice paper and  composed by the priests. These pray- -  ors arc swallowed, paper and all, like a  pill, in all cases of physical and mental  distress.     - ....  Another essential, never missing, is a  number of small squares of silky1 paper,  which arc put to the most unexpected  purposes���������to hold the stem offa lotus  or lily, to dry a teacup, wipe away a  tear, or blow the absurd little nosi of  the doll-like little, woman. The most  aristocratic people of Japan use this  kind of handkerchief for practical purposes. After one of "the papers ;has  been used it is thrown away.  Prinee Oscar's Birthday; ^Gitt  The little German princes, as is wcl\  known, have aiy English governors, to  whom they are warmly attached. The  governess' birthday occurred recently,  and not only the emperor and empress  made her presents but the young  princes-also tried to afford their teacher some special pleasure. The governess  noticed among the gifts a plain little-  paper box. 6   .  ���������What  is this? she asked,    in       had left ore, f sat  eonsidenrj-/ To wait  v-emed a long time,  rha.J   Ronr-rf,    was  al-  I till  the  morrow  when ve  knew  he sells  to  does   not  node   any   Indin".!'"Cf1^. 1'1>'ij'?   S'V',:   l"   A"������l, Purpovs's  They're all   polytieians. . a fleet ion-,.    I       Mt.,     um-omforf able  at  ' ���������" ..���������!��������������������������� idei   of   Ifltl.n.?   him   h-i/e   I tie  field  all ifi hirn-self, At anyrat.e���������-I argiifjd  lo rny,elf���������I Here could' be no harm in  jusi going fi -.'-/; how m.ilt'-r-i were.  ' fair-play is a jewel all I he world  over.' f rould fisiJy c<plain iwery-  (hing   fo   Mart ha,   afterwards.  Tii" deturriiin'ition w.i' -ipr-'-dily put,  in'o '-x-coi io,-i , aril T v/v , ,.n,i eiiirip-  |j: I fur my  visit.     \.s  I    pr������ -.���������>��������� -fI  out hy  Sorry He Spoke.  Come lo think of it, said tho observant boarder, I never have scon anyone  smile on a bicycle.  I'.ut we all .smile on the bicycle girl,  said a Cheerful Idiot, and the observant boarder was Sorry ho spoke.  (To  be  Continued.)  Equipment.  Commander���������Your troop? need better nrifi", 'ieneral.  Hngadier--! cannot say us to that,  sir.   Their legs are excellent.    '  Cool.  Marlow���������Tsn't. it rather embarrassing to he criK.igQil to three or four  young  men at   tie-  same,  time'  Mi s.i Flirt ���������f believe (h'jy do find it  so ut   times, poor fellows.  Every old Minnesotian has seen several years of drouth in succession, in consequences of which the lakes in the  Red River valley and other districts  affected by it either dried up or lost  much ,of their watar. , Subsequent  years of increased rain and snowfall  filled them up again. To the cycle of  dry years we have recently been .passing through is sure to succeed a cyclo  of wet years. The Pioneer Press, therefore, agrees with those of its correspondents who believe that eventually  a few seasons of heavier precipitation  will replenish - the wasted waters of  many of these vanished or shrunken  lakes. They will probably never again  reach their maximum levels in the past,  for the reason already stated���������the encroachment of agriculture on their basins of water supply. Of the 7,000 lakes  of Minnesota in 1885, it is quite probable that as the result of the cultivation of the soil perhaps a third or more  of them will permanently disappear.  The remainder will fluctuate in volume with the average rainfall, shrinking materially during successive dry  seasons and reappearing in all their ancient beauty when the rain comes back  to fill  their empty bowls.  Double Duty.  Manager���������Great      snakes I  this f    You,    ��������� a temperance  What's  lecturer  drinking I    and,     worse     than      that,  drunk?  Lecturer���������Ish all (hie) right ra' friend.  Our horrible 'xample has struck for  h'lfher wages, and I've gotter play bo���������  (htc) bo'.h parts t'night.  prise, taking it in her hand, -  Seven-year-old Prince CvT.w drew  himself up proudly.  "That's from  me!"  he replied.'  1 "But it,is empty," said th:* teacher.  " Yes, it's 'empty now," answered the  prince, " but ro-morrow papa is going  to pull out rnv first tooth, and the box  is meant for that; I'm going to give it  to you."  'fhe next day the little fellow, helming with ioy, really di 1 bring the tooth  to the governess, and she now wears it  as a charm on her bracelet.   ,  Cattle Trade of Western Canada-     '  In considering the prospects of the  cattle trade in Manitoba and the  North-West, the Manitoba -Free Press  says:���������"Last year the North-West  sent out 30,000 head of cattle. A few  weeks ago it was estimated that the  number this year would reach 40,0!)0.  One of the largest dealers, Mr. Ironsides, is authority for the statement  that no less than -15,000 head will be  shipped out by the end of the present  season, an increase over" last year of  fifty per cant. At this rate it will not'  be long before the cattle trade of the  North-West completely overshadows  the wheat crop. Wc may not have  been expecting it, but it looks more  and more as if our much-worshipped  No. 1 Hard will have to abdicate in  favour of King Bullock." The prospect is a pleasant ono, and it is to bo  hoped that there will be sufficient  room for King Bullock and No. 1 Hard  to flourish together.  Might Explain It.  What ' is the reason that the top  drawer of a boarding house beureau v. ill  never either open or shut ? asked tho  newly-arrived guest.  Possibly, answered her friend, it's  due to the quality of the h^-yi  ll  '4  5,1 THE   KOOTENAY    MAIL.  3  CURRENT NOTES.  Mr. Gladstone's not very hopeful letter concerning" liquor legislation recalls  an experiment in licensing made in  England, which is now almost forgotten, but , which served to keep the  country in a state of agitation for forty  years. It was entered upon in 1830,  and initiated what was then described  as an era of free trade in beer., From  the middle of the sixteenth century  alehouses could be established only  with the sanction of the- magistrates.  In 1820," however, a series of causes led  the government, of the Duke of Well-'  ington ��������� to make a .bold experiment in  the way of licensing and to discard a  system 'of magesterial control which  had existed  from 1552.  -The reasons for this departure were  '   .ise.il,   economic    and  social.      In   the  first place,  the government was about  to   remit   taxation   to   the   amount   of  "three millions, sterling. In doing this,  it, was desirous of, relieving the poorer  classes and to this end- determined to  , abolish the duty on beer. The members  were afaid, .however,. that under the  then existing system the benefit of  this remission would go into the pockets  of i he ,great' brewers who had a monopoly of the public houses in London  and for thirty miles around.' They  were' also anxious to discourage the  drinking of gin, and they-conceived the  idea that the free sale of beer wouldr  , afford a wholesome substitute. With  these* ends-in  view, a law was  passed  . under' which any one could open' a beer  house on  Ihe payment/of a  small   fee  to the excise collector.-.   No,-questions  , were asked'as to the character of the  applicant,    and    no  restrictions    were  -placed on him as to hours of closing or  the orderly conduct of his house,'   There  .was great'opposition to the measure,  but the',Duke of Wellington aiuL his  colleagues overrode it, and would not  heed a ,  suggestion     that    these    new  houses should sell beer, but nob to he  ��������� drunk on the premises;  best   quality  for   feeding  steers:    "It  ; appears to us it would be profitable to  j farmers having damaged wheat,   to put  ,,up'as many steers as could be properly  handled, ������nd feed them for next spring's  There's many a slip twixt the cup and   market. - And    we    might just add    a  the lip, and many a miscue in breeding yvord here:   Great care should be tak-  lip a dairy herd. Granting the truth of  THE FARM.  Breeding fop Butter.  what has been taught as to the value  of intelligent breeding, it is also true  that the laws of heredity do not overpower all other laws. The most efficient rule in improving a breed of hogs  is- the "sled stake rule." That is,  a stake"on all pigs not filling the requirements, and the others will all fill  the requirements. In a milder form  this same rule sends to the packing  house all of one class and .reserves as  breeders the others. This sorting out  is a positive necessity in all kinds of  farming, saving seed, grain, raising  hogs, growing a beef herd, or growing  a dairy herd. Progress is possible only  by selection. The rule that "like produces like" is not true when cut down  to absolute limits. If it were, progress  would be impossible. Retrogression  and progression would both be unknown  w-ere the rule of "like nroduces like"  absolute. "We could only average  things by mixing, and could not improve a breed nor even make a new one.  But like produce's like with a variation.  Some will be .beter than the parents,  some poorer. The sled stake rule will  keep the herd; up to the highest ,cx-'  cellence, or selecting the best for keeping, aud discardingtall others.  Sonietines a man' finds his dairy act  en in'selecting steers to feed; don't  select old oxen or big, raw-boned, slab-  sided three-year-olds, with the hope of  having something big. Of course, such  stock would,be a big granary for damaged wheat, but it is not the animal  that can put most wheat out of sight  that will return most profit. Select  use nice, smooth, uniform, two-year-olds,  .with good -backs and quarters, whose  appearance shows they have some breeding, in them. Such'steers will make far  better use of the food given them, and  will return more "profit, even if they  cost more money at first." .,   '-   -  MRS. " BARNEY" BARNATO.  i   fl /  Wire or the World'* lEUtiest   linn   nml Her  ItlKTCXilllSI.IlUStmiKl.  -Much as-current interest now.centcrs  in Barney Barnato, the multi-millionaire magnate of ' the South African  'mining region; a more tender sentiment will be entertained toward-his  beautiful wife and their two interesting children, Primrose and Jack.  Mrs. Barnato was born in Africa, and  she is both beautiful and charming. A'  devoted wife and mother, she nevertheless finds time for such social obligations as  her position  in  life  demands,  THE BICYCLE II TOf ARE  AN   INGENIOUS   FRENCHMAN   HAS  , HIT UPON ITS RIGHT USE.  Folded up nnd Swnnsr Over tlinBact When  Xot in use Tor Biding���������Been SnccesBiul-  ly Tried nnd I-'ound to 3������e as Firm and  ICiSld tin the Krsi Safety.  By the best military experts the bicycle, has'come to be recognized as an  important aid in warfare, once its powers are properly applied. In exactly  what manner it shall play a part has  not been quite plain until now. The  ingenious Frenchman has hit upon'its  right use for soldiers, and that is as  a^machine that may be ' folded up,  strapped to the back and carried across  country until a good ground enables  the wheelmen to race with,the wind.  The French General,' Morant, not long  ago said:       , J  "The infantry is the army,itsclf. It  must and should take precedence of  the cavalry for' its own safety. How  can this be done? By means of the  bicycle." Q  Some one objected that the bicycle, as  now built, is'itoo heavy.   This objection  HEALTH.  Bed-Sores.  The danger of bed-sores is not .always  in proportion to the carelessness of the  nurse; the condition ' of the patient  often has more to do with it.  Bed-sores attack first the skin over  the hard prominences at the end of'the  spine, the hip-bones, the knees, elbows  and' heels.   '  As has been hinted, the predisposing  cause is'debility, either from continued  fever, as typhoid; or from paralysis and  old age'; but continued pressure, unclean bedding and the untidy habits of  the nurse is sometimes the immediate  occasion of the difficulty.  The first appearance of a bed-sore is  to be noticed in the increased' redness  of the skin at some point in the places  mentioned. Soon a blister forms and  the skin breaks away, leaving the surface raw and moist. Decomposition  sets in very quickly if these symptoms  are neglected, and the blister becomes  a rancid,- open sore.  The outcome of the disease depends  upon the condition of the patient, and  the removal or non-removal of the  cause of the trouble. ,,    ,  If there is much debility, tonic treatment should be begun at-once, while  the  various   points  on   the  surface  of  IIA SOUTH' SEA PEISOI.  STRANGE STORY OF CAPT.   MOORE  OF THE BARK ARKWRIGHT.  and to those who come within her  ually inferior,after breeding for butter favor, she is a most lovable woman',  than it was before, lie may have milk- The' fabulous wealth of her husband  ca a tsw e :cc lent, c.Wi o[ m x;d an-- puts within her reach every luxury that  res'ry an I gra-jed u) with ,a ciairy si e. even the feminine mind can conceive,  soma o.,th: onsp.i ig3. may be better, anci she we:irs the distinction which  than the mo.heis, same poorer, and if   suc]j wealth confers with an unostenta-  '?" In less than- four years thirty-three  chousand of these excise .licenses had  been issued,- and in some' of the country towns' and y-illages, .almost every  oiher laborer's house was a,beer shop.  Instead of the brewer's monopoly being  broken up, it was ogrcatly extended  through these houses. The brewers  furnished poor people with the ready  ' money to pay the excise fee, and sup-  ti plied flie beer. The social results of  the experiment soon filled the country  with alarm. The government,was besought to repeal the. act of 1830; but it  declined to do so and urged "that as  yet, the experiment had not had a fair  ', trial. , When the squalor resulting  from the unchecked multiplication of  the'beer houses was brought .to its attention, the answer was made that it  was all due to the old poor laws, and  *    would come to an end when  the new;  poor law was well established.   When  that plea for continuing the beerhouses  could- no longer be urged, the govern-  0 ment  took  up  the, 'position  that   tlie  ., squalid disorder was duo to the lack  of an adequate police system, and that  the   trouble   would  be   remedied  when  the towns and rural districts.  .1 -���������  . From 1831 to 18C9 continuous appeals  jvcre   made, to  successive  governments  'to repeal the'act of 1830.     The govern-  the new police forces were organized in  ments paid 'no heed to them.      On two  occasions they permitted private members to carry bills through Parliament  slightly  restricting  the  multiplication  of  t h'e beer houses.      But  no  govern1*-  ment, Liberal or Tory, would identify  itself with any of these measures, and  in   this  attitude  they  were  supported  by the old school of radicals which upheld free trade in beer as a logical consequence   of  its   free   trade   principles.  When badly pressed the government appointed a Parliamentary  committee of  inquiry, but no government ever acted  upon the reports of these committees,  and when in 1869, an end was put to  free trade in beer, it was done by means  of a private member's bill.   More than  ' fortyTfive  thousand of these wretched  ' beer  houses    were  then^ in  existence.  More  than   , thirty-three*"   thousand of  them  remain  to-day,  and  the position  these houses hold before the law is such  that the magistrates have no power to  ' close any of them simply because they  do not fill a public need.  he keeps them all he has an inferior  herd ; if he disposes of the inferior ones  and keeps only the best he should find  the herd improving. This will be, the  result ' without buying any improved  blood. Selection is the main thing, but  the number, that" must, be discarded  from a herd not bred ih dairy lines  niust be greater. ������ Therein and only  there lies the'advantage of*breeding for  butter or for any other purpose. The  number' that must be rejected is lessened by breeding in the direction desired. Suppose a farmer breeds to a  Guernsey or a Jersey, bull. ' The half  bloods wiil almost surely please   him.  tious grace-,that makes her a queen  among women. , It ' is not surprising,  therefore, that her husband escapes  from .the exciting turmoil of money-  making whenever the opportunity presents itself, or that he is happiest and  appears at his best when, having-cast  aside'the cares of, business, he enters  upon the pleasant enjoyment of home  life which he shares with ,his wife and  children. <,        ' <,,'���������>  These favored parents are as blessed  in their -family surroundings as they  are opulent in - material interests.,  They have . two lovely children, a 3-  I year-old daughter named "Leah Prim-  a  ;.   i,��������� -   /v      ������,������������������-   ,,--.- ,���������r, ,. , i���������-������������j w^u., mm c��������� great favorite.   The  t honestly: , Why may this be? It may , first gold mine her fortunate father  be lor,the following reason : In grad- owned, and the',,one from which was  ing up the breeds from ah.of the half -taken,   partly by    his own hands,  the  foundation of his colossal fortune, wras  bloods and, a portion of the offspring  inclines toward milk giving and a portion away from it. The law of variation gets 'in its work and some of the  higher grades ai# inferior, to the lower grades, and the farmer is' slower to  sacrifice them. Hence his herd- may as  a whole actually retrograde.'   ..  Selection 'stands first of alb as_a  means for securing a good dairy herd.  Raise many, save few, feed- well, and  success is sure. But", as said before,  blood is helpful, for training in, the desire:! line and selection for many generations in .-that) line measurably.'fixes  traints and in fewer individual animals  have ^.to be discardecl.  called " Theq Primrose." In honor of  that pit in African soil the girl baby was  named, and her joyous prattle gives as  much pleasure to her father's heart  now* as the' jingle of the gold did When  the product of the mine "minted, in coin  of the realm was then*dropped into his  coffers.  as been    successfully , answered by a   the body which are likely to become in  wheel invented by Capt. Gerard, of, the I volyed should   be   rubbed   twice   a day  ' - -        at least, say five or ten minutes, with  some stimulating, hardening mixtu- *,  like spirits of camphor, or a mixture uL  equal parts of olive oil'and brandy.  A good liniment is simple alcohol or  tbay xum weakened, if necessary, with  water. The skin should not be irritated ' by the application, but simply  cleansed and hardened. The prominence of bone may be covered with surgeon-plaster, provided there is - no excessive sweating of the,body. >'   -  "\Vhen a blister forms, the part should  be immediately relieved of pressure by  air-cushions or hair pillows. Collodion  should be applied, and the parts kept  absolutely dry.  If the blister goes on to an open sore,  use poultices until an opening is made  and the matter is all discharged. Afterward-use, stimulating, cleansing washes  like borax-water or carbolic acid. Peruvian balsam on a bit of cotton wool is  an excellent remedy at this stage.  Preventive measures, ' which should  always be taken in cases of threatened  bed-sores, comprise careful nursing,  dry, smooth- draw-sheets, water-beds  or cushions,' and frequent change of  position. In particular, the under sheet  and night-robe should be kept dry,  clean and smooth.  . The Small Flock.    ,t-   ,   "  Regarding' the house for- a small  flock arid the care they should have a  successful poultry keeper, in a small way  has found the square house' most convenient, with, the roosting perches,  drop-boards, and nest-boxes all placed  in the middle, the "drop-board . so ar-'  ranged above ,the nest-boxes as to prevent soiling the latter. The caretaker  by this method, having ample space and  light, can easily attend to' the. daily  cleaning and other routine of the fowl-  house, which, it is well to say just here,  will be neither trying nor laborious if  one does it methodically and at a certain hour.  The equipments for the fowl-house, in1!        , ,  - , ,        r       , .   .,,  addition to nests and roosting perches, I steel armour plutj for the'navy battle-  arc wide, moveable, smoothly finished I ships. Heretofore it has brought its  "drop-boards," hung two or three feet I hematite ore from Cuba and elsewhere,  beneath the perches to catch the drop-'! Dut the proprietors have now turned  pings and keep the floor' or whatever is i their -attention to the' Ontario fields,  directly, under them clean. These r Tbe range crosses the Mattawin river  boards should be removed' every morn- ', m iha vicinity of the Three Falls, and  ing and thoroughly, cleaned.' Pure wat- [ \l rs^ possible thac^electnc power may  er is a vital necessity to insure which      * '  ONTARIO'S   IRON ' ORES  It<-Klniilntj    to, Attract rthe '.Attention  of  Forplsu Ciiiilfiii'RW.    , ,     ,     ��������� ,  The hematite - iron deposits in the  ^Mattawin range, in North-western Ontario, are commencing to attract the  attention of foreign capitalists, and  theirdevelopment will be carried'on .in  the future with considerable vigour.  The first indication of increased, activity has already been shown. The Bethlehem Iron ' Company, of South Bethlehem, Pa., has secured an option on  several properties from Messrs. Folger,  of Kingston, Hammond, of Port Arthur, and the other parties interested,  and a party of miners-with ran expert  will be sent out immediately to explore  the 'locations and report upon them,  with a view to a purchase, in 'which  case work will be vigorously prosecuted. The Bethlehem Company is one of  the strongest in its business in the  United States. Its works were enlarged  a few years ago in order to enable it  to carry on  the r/.anufacture of nickel  England can show an instructive re-  ior'd of licensing systems.     From the  -  beginnings of town life until, 1550, local  spiion   was   the  rule.      From   1550   to  1830 there was a system of magisterial  restriction.      From  1830  to  1870 there  ivas  the  squalid  period  of  free   trade  ivhich has been described.     From 1870  up   to  the  present  time  another  system of restriction rigidly enforced has  ueen on  trial.      This system is  not a  success  and  the  drink    trade  and  its  regulation  is a problem which  is once  more forcing itself on the attention of  Parliament.^    In view of this long and  varied record and of the fact  that no  system  has   proved  satisfactory,   there  is small  wonder that  Mr. Gladstone's  letter  to  the  recent  Temperance Congress at Chester was, tinged with "os-  limism.  the stoneware poultry fountains, - so  constructed that nothing cau get into  the water to defile it, are the best; the  largest- size, holding two gallons of  water, cost fifty cents, smaller ones in  proportion ; they can be' found at any  poultry supply house.  For feeding soft, mashes and other wet  food, the very best thing for its purpose is a galvanized iron tray, because  it is easily kept clean, and is so formed  that the fowls cannot get in and soil  their food or plumage. Such trays come  in two sizes, the smaller costing,  twenty-five cents each, or ������2.50 per  dozen, and the larger,- thirty-five cents  apiece, or ������3.50 per dozen.  Dry grain needs no dish or tray of  any sort, for it should always be scattered as widely- as possible among dry  .litter, so the fowls will have to   hunt  be obtained from this source, not only  for working the mines, "but to operate  the railway branch which will have to  be built. The iron locations of the Mattawin range are_situated from twelve  to twenty miles off the lines of the  C.P.R., and the Port Arthur, Duluth,  and Western road. The range was inspected by Mr. Archibald Blue, Director  of Mines! during his recent trip, and  he,expresses himself as confident that  development will show' a great amount  of mineral which' will prove of -much  value to the country. ,  ,- Efforts to Abolish a Superstition.  ���������The French cutlers established in the  town of Eangres are determined to call  attention" by every means in'their power to the absurdity of the superstition  scratch the beter, as it gives them   exercise  for it, and the deeper they will have to jabout    presents , of    knives    "cutting  friendship." The belief, they allege.no  doubt with some show of reason, is injurious to their trade. Among the wed-  Early Maturity Of Hoi?S. ding gifs presented to a newly married  ., a. ������'-j <" iiuga. couple, for instance, -one never sees  There is not so much call now for hogs , any knives, although metal articles of  that will keep on growing three or four I ������ther kinds are never^ wanting. The  years before they reach maturity. The  large hog has always coarser meat than  Eighty-seventh Regiment  of- the Line,  stationed    at    Saint  Qucntin.  It consists of a wheel wnich folds up  so- as  to bring  ���������     BOTH   WHEELS  FLAT  against each other.   It can be carried  in the    hand    like a valise, or  on  the  back like - a haversack.   The    machine  'has been  successfully  tried  and found  to be    as firm  and .rigid    as  the best  safety,'   notwithstanding its system of  folding up.   The rider's .weight is supported entirely on the axle of the rear  wheel; the frame is practically useless.  It can    be run     at a speed  of  twelve  miles an hour and, in an instant can be  folded up , and  slung over  the  back.  , .By its usage in war it will enable the  infantry to  reconnoitre , the    enemy's  position   and to send    mounted scouts  and patrols to a great distance. - These  divisions   of bicycle-mounted    infantry  can cover their  tracks, choosing wooded territory,  avoiding -frequented roads  and, following stealthily  in  the  tracks  of the  enemy's  cavalry;   can  overlook  their camps and bring back a faithful  report of the hostile regiments.  ^ Well remembered is'the story of the  German officer, a lieutenant in the Six-  ,teenth Hussars,,.who during the Franco-  Prussian war  was sent  to' reconnoitre  from Tahure to Vouziers on the evening of Aug. 2G. - He reached the heights  of Savigny about 5 o'clock in the evening,   obtained    a  ' good    idea    of    the  strength of MacMahon's army  camped  around 'Vouziers,    reported his  discovery, and  the    next   day   Von   Moltke,  who had accidentally    discovered confirmation of  the  officer's-,report   in,a  confiscated   French  newspaper,  executed the   move   which    finally    brought  about Sedan's disastrous  defeat.   It  is  such work, which with the bicycle,  it  is proposed to,make a part of an infantryman's duty.     , ,  r Says .a French writer: "Cavalrymen,  who until , now    have - been  so    justly  proud of their ability to execute, these  delicate missions, are naturally opposed  to the introduction of, the wheel; but  it has been   'proved  that an , infantry  officer,    mounted   on  a folding  bicycle  and followed by  three  or  four-picked  cyclers carrying' their guns, can accomplish such  a mission in  less  time , and  with-            -               '  -    MORE CERTAIN  RESULTS.  " In less than five hours the mounted infantryman can be twenty miles  ahead of the advance guard of an army,  and without any excessive fatigue, he  can return the same day. What horse  is capable of accomplishing such a journey, burdened as he would necessarily  be with his military accoutrements?  " After pedalling for four or five  hours, they would finally reach'dangerous territory; the outposts and scouts  of the enemy's cavalry would be seen in  the distance. 'Folding their machines  and strapping them on their backs,  guns in hand, they,would plunge into  the woods, hide behind .hedges and lie  in ditches. In this way these infantrymen could pursue their tour of investigation undiscovered, where cavalrvmen  would certainly be seen by the watching scouts. Should they accidentally  be discovered by' a patrol or be surrounded by three, six or even a company, of the enemy's men, they would  not be seriously menaced, as they could  easily outstrip any horse,, especially by  their facility to plunge into places  where no horse could penetrate.  ''.This marvellous innovation has contributed more'than*any other to belittle the role of the cavalry; it has  robbed it of its importance on the field  of battle.. No horse can compete with  it, and the swiftness with'which news  can be carried back to headquarters  enables the general in command to alter  his tactics if necessary, or to prepare  for an unlooked for attack by the  enemy." c        ,  " Gen. Duchesne, reading the report  of the French Bicycle Convention, exclaimed : ' Ah, if Napoleon had only  had those bicycles I"  y,Insomnia.  An ..expert "in nervous disorders' in  Paris, recommended to an American  gentleman a cure for insomnia which  was,tried with such success that the  patient has prescribed it to many of his  friends. It is simply to keep your eyes  open when you. want to'go to sleep and  cannot. , A person whose brain is too  active will sometimes close the eyes and  vainly endeavour to sleep. The very  closing of the eye seems to concentrate  the mental faculties on business affairs  and other distractions.,, The theory of  the French physician is that if the'vic-  tim of insomnia will fix his eyes upon  some gleam of light, some shadow, or  even on .the darkness itself, he can re-  -lieve^-his mind from thoughts that perplex it and divert attention from himself. -      i  Try the experiment when you are  sleepless and see how unconsciously your  eyes wiil close and your thoughts begin  to take posession'' of you. Struggle to  keep them open aud fixed upon an object, either real or imaginary, and before you are aware of it the -struggle  Vvill have ended and sleep will be victorious.  ' Hot Watep.  Hot water is one of our best remedial agents.  - A hot bath on going to bed, even in  the hot nights of summer, is a better  reliever of insomnia than   many drugs.  Inflamed parts will subside under the  continual poulticing of real hot water.  .Very hot water, as we all know, is a  prompt checker of bleeding, and besides,  if it is clean, and it should be, it aids  us in sterilizing our wound.  A riotous or rotten stomach will  nearly always receive gratefully a glass  or more of hot water.���������Medical Mirror.  the young pig, and the difference, we  suspect, is because there is always some  check to growth in cold weather.  Spring pigs, fattened in fall, will always make better pork than they will if  kept later. In these times, too, the  hog that weighs 200 to 250 pounds sells  for higher price per hundred-weight  than one that is heavier. Hence the  early-maturing breeds that reach their  full weight when one or' two 3'ears old  are    now  the  favorites  with   farmers. '  Langres cutlers have, therefore begged  the French Minister of Public Works,  M. Dupuy-Dutemps,    to accept a little  C resent of two fancy knives and a poc-  et knife of fine' workmanship. M.  Dupuy-Uuiemps has graciously accepted  the gifts without sending the traditional penny or halfpenny in exchange  with which the superstitious ordinarily  seek to disguise the,nature of such a  transaction.  Her Opinion.  Mr. Bashful    (aftfe/  years  of steady  calling)���������If���������if   1 should      pro���������propose  to���������to any   one, what     would   you  The Time for Romance.  Groom���������Well, that umbrella is gone,  find I'll have to get another one. We'll  stop into Migg, Store & Co's.  Hride���������Horrors! no. Go fo some  little siiop on a side street.  Deir me I Why.  My darling, let's not spend our  honeymoon waiting   for  change.  l-'ivi  on t h  by, -M-  persons were killed in a collision  tircit   Northern railway at .Mcl-  But there is something to be said    in   to  favor of the heavy weights.   If not al-   think ?  lowed to get too fat the late-maturing ,     ^nss Longwait-I'd  think  the  world  hogs are better breeders, especially for   was coming to an end.  dams.    A    cross  of  an  early-maturing |  J   boar    with    a large,    long-bodied sow I  brings pigs that for fattening are bet-I What  She Gave Up.  ter than either breed alone.   They will i  be larger at birth, and at ten to eleven  months will weigh thirty to fifty  pounds more than the full bloods of  cither early or late maturing var.eties.  One reason why late-maturing sows  are beter breeders is because they keep  on growing until three or four" years  old, and therefore their food docs not  go to fat, so much as that of the  early-maturing breeds'which never attain large size.  I Husband��������� I have made all sorts  of sacrifices for you. Now what did  you.ever give up for me I    ,  Wife���������What did I ever give up for  you! Well, I never I Why, I gave up  half a dozen of the nicest young men  in town.  The Rig-nt Kind cf Steers.  A  writer has this to say as to  the  The Distinction.  Jess���������What is the difference ' between the relisrious and civil marriage?  IJess���������At one you promise fo "love,  honor and obey," at tho other to be  onl>" "civil."'  An English Gunpowder Factory.  The royal gunpowder factory at Wal-  tham, England, bears more the appearance of  a pleasure resort  than of  tho  prosaic plant  that  such  a purpose  involves.    The   factory    covers in all its  branches a beautiful stretch of wooded  land, some -100 acres  in extent,   intersected by four miles of running streams.  Electric launches ply between  the different buildings,  while cargoes  of  explosives are conveyed by sail barges, so  as to reduce the liability to danger to  a  minimum.   The    threshold     of   'the  "   danger building"   is  barred  with  a  board,  which   not   even   the    inspector  may step over without having a special  pair of large overboots put on his feet,  to keep    his shoes     from   taking   dirt  from    outside    upon   the   felt   carpet.  Once every week there is an explosion  within the grounds, which is '���������heard for  many miles along the country side. -In  one part of the grounds is a pond into  which the water from the nitro-glycer-  ine factory  is drained.   This , extraordinary lake is exploded every Saturday  afternoon with  a dynamite    cartridge,  to prevent too great an accumulation of  waste     nitro-glycerine.   Some      times  there is already so much in the water  that holes 20 feet  deep are made, and  the water is all blown away.  Knew From Experience.  Hungerford���������Do you believe, doctor,  that the use of tobacco tends to shorten a man's days ? (,  Dr. Powell���������1 know that it 'does. I  tried tD stop once, and the days wero  ���������ibout 90 hours long.  Training1 Bees to Carry Letters.  An apiculturist in England has commenced training bees for letter-carrying purposes. - After a few preliminary  trials, he says, he took a hive of them  to the house of a friend four miles distant. After some days, after the bees  had become familiar with their new surroundings, some of them were liberated  in a room, where they soon settled on a  plate of honey which had been specially  prepared for them. While they were  busy eating it their trainer placed on  their backs the tiniest of dispatches,  fastened with the thinnest of thread,  and so arranged them as to leave the  head and wings absolutely free. They  were then thrown into the air, and soon  arrived at their own home with the letters on their backs. The writing was  magnified and quite legible. Here, then,  is an opening for a new industry. Tn  time of war bees would have the advantage over pigeons- of invisibility, and  might go through the enemy's lines with  impunity.  Spain's Great Army In Cuba.  Spain now has in Cuba an army of  80,000 men. This is a force greater by  10,000 -than the whole British army in  India. The entire population, white and  black, is only four times as great and  its proportion to the number of whites  capable of bearing arms is about that of  one to two. Rarely does history record  an instance where a country so small  has heen invaded by an army so great,  and when it is remembered that the  Spaniards control the whole administrative and industrial machinery of Cuba,  and that they have the more or less  effective sympathy of a not inconsiderable local party, their lack of success is  a startling commentary both on the  military skill of Spain's Generals and  soldiers and on the merits of the cause  for which they are supposed to be  fighting.   Clear Down to the Minimum.  You do love me a little, Nora, don't  you f anxiously pleaded the young man,  as he knelt in suppliant awkwardness  before her.  1 couldn't love you less, she answered  coldly,' and ho rushed out despairingly  into the gloaming, and sensibly went  and spent the evening with a girl three  streets below.  Description or (lie French I'esal Colony of  Sew Caledonia���������a Foreit or ,Factory  Clilinnrjx���������IlomeH Tunneled Out or tlie  Solid Koclc���������jipleiidlil llran������ Hand ot  V.nn-victH���������A Manxeroug Lot of Keu.  The heroes of the tales of tbe " Arabian "Nights" had no  more wonderful  experiences  than,,Capt.  W.   II,  Moore,'  of    the    bark    Arkwright.' One  day,  weary^with weeks of unceasing labor,  he was-facing death in a sinking ship  on a distant and lonely sea.   The, next  morning- he was in a veritable modern  fairyland, with fifty, men to do his bidding and a band of  150 pieces playing  all  the latest tunes for his entertainment.   He wa3 in-the modern land of  miracles, in the great,penal station of  New Caledonia, where the industries' ot  Europe are reproduced in the midst of  the luxuriant vegetation of the tropics,  "'1 can'never forget my first view of-  New Caledonia,",.said  the  captain.  "I"  had been with hardly a single wink of,  sleep for nearly eleven days.   The Arkwright was leaking all' the time, and  there was more than eight feet of water  in her   hold.   The  donkey  engine,  w.hich was doing most of the pumping  had twice broken-.down and I had fixed  up the tubes, repaired the valves   and  even-built a? new bottom on the boiler  with    cement,  to  keep  it   going.   The  men were almost in mutiny, declaring  they would abandon the ship. We were '  running before the  wind,, because  we  did not dare to go in any other direction, and- because I thought it best  to  abandon the'*ship, if it had to be done,  in the smooth sea of 'the south than in  the stormy part of the ocean near Norfolk.   We   were   heading   for   Noumea,  a, place where'no one on'board had ever  been, and a place' that few paople' had  '  ever heard of.   1 chose tha't as a port  of safety because the wind was carrying us , there  and   because  I   thought  that if it'was a convict station  there *���������  was certainly water enough  for-ships.  I cannot  describe my   surprise    when  the  island loomed up  before' me with  high mountains    ' .  ,      CLOTHED WITH VERDURE,  and beneath them green fields as pret- '!  ty as  the  fields  of England,  and.   to  make  it  seem  more"  like   a   vision,   a  forest of factory chimneys in the foreground.   1 had not looked for such, a  sight in, tho   South  Seas,   aud   could  "  hardly  believe my' ears  when  1 heard  the sounds of music and found through    ,  my glasses that a great band, like the  bands of Paris, was playing in the center  of  an   esplanade   iu   the    town.    I  sailed tho Arkwright through  the reef   ,  into-the still'harbor.   1 found the Governor, of the great  French' penal  sta--  tion, and he treated me like a prince:  Fiftyv of  the  convicts   were' placed  at  my disposal, and I tojk them on board  the Arkwright  to pump ship while   I  used the wheezy' old donkey engine to  get some of the cargo out" before she  went'to* pieces or sank. 'The, warders  came  on   ths  ships   with  the  convicts   ,  and went off with them in the evening.   We were not allowed to give tho  prisoners  who. were  working lto   keep  the bark floating-even  a bite  to   cat. -  The  French    Government-  would   not'  allow it," " ' ,       r    ,  The   r Governor    told    Capt.  , Mooro  that there had not been half a   dozen "  strangers on  New Caledonia  since   ho  could remember.'  All- persons are, forbidden, to visit the island, and if it had  not been that the Arkwright was sinking she would not have been allowed  in the_ harbor.   Once that Capt. Mooro  and  his   wife   were    there,     however,  they were splendidly entertained. They  were guests'of the Admiral and invit- '  ed to a ball given at Noumea in honor     '  .of the naval officer.   Thev were given  a  privilege' heretofore   refused   to  all  but  French   officers,   that,  of   visiting  thr fortifications of Noumea and look- ,  ing over the quarters of,,the convicts.  Capt. Moore says that Gibraltar is not -  to  be   compared   with   Noumea. .The  homes for the convicts have been tunneled, out  of   the  solid   rock.- At  the ���������  top of the cliff, facing tho sea, are the      ''  barracks,' where the prison officers live  with   their   families.  ,There  are   fortifications there upon which France has  spent    millions.   They    arc,   bristling  with    guns.    Beneath   these ' barracks  are tunnel after tunnel, as in the catacombs, and along these tunnels are the  rooms for the' convicts. Only long-term   ,  prisoners are sent by the French Government to New Caledonia.   There are  more  than 5000 convicts  there. Escape  is almost hopeless for the island is 000  miles from  , THE  NEAREST LAND, ^  and that a South Sea^ island. Good  prisoners are given much' liberty on  the island. All are drilled and drilled  until,the'discipline is perfect. In the  band, to which Capt. Mooro was often  permitted to listen, were many murderers. The first trombone player  had been sent to the island for five  years for spitting in the face of a  French officer. Whon he was released, he went back to France and killed  the officer, being again sentenced to "  Now Caledonia.,Twenty of the best  musicians in the wonderful band are  wife murders. The leader of the band  killed his prettyJ little wife because  she did not properly get his breakfast ��������� s  for him one morning.  .    ,  At the factories on the island the convicts manufacture everything they use  and,much for export. The great penal  station is self-supporting. The island itself is rich. There arc fine nickel and  chrome mines, and other mineral deposits are to be developed. Roads run  for more than 100 miles around the , ,  island. *   -  "Shortly before I was there two convicts escaped the first in years," said  Capt. Moore. " They got away by  stowing themselves in the hold of a  French man-of-war that had brought  convicts- to the island. The matter  created much excitement and the rules  were made all the more strict. Even  an, English Admiral who was allowed  there was not given permission to go  about the fortifications and to see the  underground cells. Wonderful as was  the sight, I never want to go through  that prison again, for 1 saw two raving maniacs there confined in cells like  the refractory convicts. The imprisonment had driven them  insane."     >  The natives who were on the island  when it was seized by the French are  still there, but Capt. Moore found that  they were virtually slaves, it , being  the custom to sell them as servants  by the year. Outside of the convicts  and officers, only tho natives ar.d a few  Frenchman are permitted to live on  New Caledonia. Tt is one spot on the  globe entirely off the travelled routes  and unknown to tourists and almost  unknown to sailors PAGE 4,
THE KOOTEtfAY MAIL.
BORN.
Anderson. ��� At' R(*v<*l.-.tokc,  Monday,
Nov. JS, (he wife of  N.  Anderson
(if a son.       ' ���     .
Local and Personal Briefs.
A surveyor i-s at work at Thomson's
Landing laying- out land for a town-
site.
~=r Arrowhead is to have another hotel.
Charles Bluhin is making application
for a liquor license. ,
, F. C Cmiiiriins, of tho Bank of
Montreal, Vancouver, was1 in' town
this week visiting his brother.
-  "W,anti-:i>.���Men to cut 20   cords   of
'   wood.    Apply to O.   II.  Allen,   Revcl-
jstoke IJrcwery.
Owing lo hi* recent illness the. Rev.
J. A. Wood has deferred preaching his
Thanksgiving sermon until .Sunday,
Dec. 1st.
Peter Bessette, an old tinier in' the
province, who has been ranching ;'rt
Lmnby, near Vernon, for isome years;
died there on Saturday last.
' n *
M. Matheson and Tom Maloney will
endeavor to enjoy life this winter.
They went west Wednesday lo locate
si trapping ground.
The official adiiiiiii*->ti'ator, J. F. 'Armstrong, has a notice regarding the   disposition of the estate of the late.   Pearl
" Henderson, in another column.
Rev. Father Peytavin went down to
New Denver Monday to officiate at tho
wedding of Mr. Wolff and Miss Thompson, residents of,that town.
One of the largest- engines on the
road, No. 401, with eight '��� driving
wheels, was taken down river* this
week for the Nakusp & Slocan branch.
The proposed Thanksgiving concert
in tho Methodist church has been postponed until Monday evening, Dec. 2nd.
'   TIip programme will be   found   in   another* column.
Primroses Lodge No. 20 K. of P.,   of
f* Kamloops, intend holding  their*   anni-
wi'A-iry ball on  Thursday, -November
��� 2fi. ft promises to he the event of the
season at the inland city.
i A parlor social will be given on Mon-
day evening, 25th inst., at the residence
of Mrs. Thomas Lewis, in connection
with the Presbyterian church. Music
iindga'mes. All welcome. Admission25c.
Dr. L.-imliei'tj of Kamloops,.and -Dr.
. Power, of Donald, arrived in town
yesterday, and with  Dr. McLean, will
. perform'an operation on" Fred. Mesley,
a 0. P. YR. fireman, who is suffering
with apendicitus. '   ,
Messrs. Vickers, Walker and Ferguson are building a hotel at the forks
of the L.-irdoan, which,is about"-! miles
from Trout Lake Pity. The hoys think
they have a good location as the trade
of the camp will have to pass their
���doors.-, a
Tho Noi thern Lights and>the Rover s
iire in furious combat' to-day for the.
local football cliauipionsliip. The
Lights are resplendent in the blue
stockings, 'white breeches and' blue
jerseys���their , new costume*!���which
.arrived from the east' this week.
Sheriff Redgrave passed through on
Monday with an East Kootenay brave,
named Stanslaus, who was convicted
at Golden of shooting rattle belonging
to some rancher's in that district. The
prisoner will put in six months at.
Kamloops jail for his-offence.
The largest train load ever shipped
across the continent passed through
one day this week for Victoria. It
ton jisted of 17 carloads, 'of c.inned
, goods from Boulter iV: Co.. Toronto,
and was consigned to several merchanu?
nt Victoria. The shipment was made
viaOwen Sound nnd Fort William'.
This firm sent the first car of canned
'goods that ever passed over the C.P.R.
in September, 1SS0.
John Gran.ston, an'inmate of the Pioneer's' Home,,who came from Revelstoke, lias been for .some time troubled
with cataracts oir both eyes. He had
Mime property which was turned 'over
to the Provincial government upon hi.-,
going to the home, but the government
has v'i-^-'generously consented to have
th'* proceeds of this go toward the
expense of having ;rn operation performed. Dr. Wade operated on one
hi��.t week, with the result l.h.ifc his
slight, with if. is much improved.���Sen-
find.
News from Circle City.
'Hcnjamin P. Moore, collector of
customs at .Sitka, Alaska, Iras forward-
/;<l to the tre.isuiy. department a report
from   i'eputy
.A Terrible Drop.
A heavy electric motor car, containing between 20 and .M0 passengers,
went through tlie draw of, the Central
Viaduct, at Cleveland, Ohio, last Saturday night, and dropped 101 i'eet to
the river below. Every passenger in
the car was killed. The Central
Viaduct is a huge stilt, bridge, 3,000
feet long, niade of iron. Directly over
the river is a draw-bridge, of the. pivot
swinging pattern, and this is 101 feet
above the surface of the water-. The
South Side Street, Railway passes over
the bridge. On either side of the
draw there is a 'safety switch, which,
unless the conductor alights' ami holds
up a liaiidlo will send a car into the
bunter instead of allowing it to go orr
tire draw. Tfie ill-fated motor c.ir approached-the draw just as a vessel was
Hearing it, and the bridge attendant.-*
had closed the big iron gates and wore
preparing to swing the draw. As i.s
the rule, the car stopped, and tlio conductor" went, forward to' release the
switch in case the way was clear.' He
must have been blinded by tlie electric
lights', for an eye-witness declares that
although the gates were - closed , arrd
the draw was already in motion,, the
conductor raised the switch handle.
The indtornian applied the current,
aiid the car shotiforward and struck
the gates'with a crash. There was
only a moments pause and then the
heavy car ground its' way through
the wreckage and plunged over the
brink into the black abyss.
C.P.R. Building Into Chicago.
Construction work has already commenced on a new'line of railroad that
will give Chicago another connection
with the Pacific coast. The road is to,
be built into that city,from the Northwest .md will connect with the Soo
line at Lake Superior. The .Chicago
Post asserts that the C.P.'H: is back 'of
the enterprise, and will furnish all tire
means necessary to build it, which cannot he obtained in other directions.
The work, it snys, is being , done, , apparently    under'   other1   auspices   than'
Concert to be held -s^^ss^
in the Methodist Church,
DECEMBER  2nd,   at   8   o'clock   o.m.
J'AHT I.' ,
1. Organ Solo���March Kelifticfen K. Ahlix
2. Anthem���-Oh 1 God my heart
is lixed Church Cnorit
3. Recitation���The.     1'ilgrini's '
Fat her JI iss il. aouAREnuiOGS
i. Soldiers' Chorus ' JLakgk C'ho/h
5. Heading .' K. \V. Imixg
C. Solo���Uaby and I Miss II. Lieu
7. Kecitatioii��� Stone   Breaker
and his Son Miss V. O. Xokthky
8. Anthem���Praise the Lord, oh!
Jerusalem  CiiUKCii-C'iroiK
.INTERMISSION.
, PAH'l* II.
(I. Or^an Solo���Xation.il Airs V. Am.ix
10. Heading G. Noirnir:v
11. Solo���Fallen   liy   the    Way
side Miss A. XoirniKY
12. Ileoitalion-Mother's Uoy..MifsM.Kr>WAur>.s
13. Solo���Ijuldie (3. Hauhkk
11. Hallelujah    to    tho   Cross���
Choru-. Lakgi: Ciroin
I.i. Chairman���1'eir.arks l(r-:v. J. A. Wool)
Hi. Anthem���Oh !   he  Joyful   in
,        llie boril -.Lakci; Ciiom
Rcfi'Cbliincnfs will bo Mjrved.
Admission 25 cents.
i      Organist  '. I. F. Am.i.v.'
Choir ln.-.tnreloi- I. Cmiwr.K.
J; R. HULL & CO.:
Wholesale    and   Retail
BTJTCHBBS.
Purveyors of HigH-class Meats.
REVELSTOKE, B.C.
All orders in our line will he,promptly
attended to. .-        '
,      ,        *-	
Administrator's Notice. '
ZDOHSTT   IDO   IT I
In   tlie  County, Court   of   Kootenay,
holden attlie'K-ist Crossing of the
Columbia River;
In; tiie   matter   of   Pearl   Henderson,
otherwise known   as   Marie   Nier-
man, and,
In the mutter of, the Official Adminis-
- r.rator's Act; dated the Fourteenth
'   (lay of November, 18i>.') :
TTPON HEADING the affidavits of
{J     Joseph   Dee Graham and   Peter
Kasinus   Peterson,  it  is  ordered   that,
.lames Ferguson   Armstrong,    Offiyial
Administrator for the County  Court,
' Don't biiy goods where you have to pay for
other people's bad debts. I am going out of the
credit business and am AFTER THE CASH, so
bring your purse and get 60c. Cashmere for 40c.
Double width Dressgoods for 30c. 70 inch Flannel
for 75c. Men's All Wool Under Suits at $1.25.
These are only some of our SNAPS so call and see
our goods and prices. ,
HN. COURSIER.
those of tiie Canadian Pacilic, and- in J District of Kootenay, shall lie admin
such a way a�� to permit tlie nitinage- - is.raior of all and singular the -goods,
merit of that line to deny diplomatic- I ehattels, and credits of Pearl Hendcr-
ally all connection with the new enter- ! *'"' ollier-wis.-known* as Marie-Nic-
r7 ,-,������- if, -I man. deceased, and that this order he
prise until it is, re.idy -for operation. , published in the ICootjc.vav .Mail
So far as the road has gone, it is being j newspaper, for the period of sixty
built with local   capital    and    bv    the i day*.          , ',
sale of bonds which are eagerly 'being       SiB��**> ��^MKNT J. CORNWALL,
i        i .        V    .i     i      i-       " ,        .     ���                                  -  - C.C.J'.
ooui'lit up hv the leading  interests   in 	
the,towns desirous of having tlieyreW ,     The creditors   of   Pe.-rr-l   Henderson,
road run through them.     A number of , otherwise known n*   Mario   Nier-nran,
these Live, not anv   railroad .facilities ' l",1\of R'-velMofce, in   the, JJiVti-ict .of
,   i    , i   ��� "  '      i        I. - Koolenav,  are  required   wiihirr  sixty
at, present, but lying as tlioy do between'; ,lays f ,.,��������� ,]lis (1;lU, Ll) s,.m]   lo   ������.. h\,
the Kortliwestern and tho   -Milwaukee    reirist.er ed let tor, addressed   to   me, "at
aiid,St. Paul railroads, tlie people have    Donald, British Columbia,   particulars
to drive for,   several    miles   over    the  T'i'J"'!1' C\'\""* 'r^ (,C ^ie .syeuiiiies
,    ,.       ., ���       , , ..     held   bv   them   (if  anv).     -Alter''the
country betore they   can    secure    rail- | exp;,,^,,,, of ,,h0 P;lif] s{xl.y dliys i shan
,road iiccoiiiiimd.-it.ions.     The   corporate    proceed to distribute tiny said   estate,
name, of tbe company    which    is   con- I having regard to those claims only' of
sti'-ueting the new mad .is tl.e   Chic.igo ' w,]:\('h \sh/x}\ ,mV; i��,d JI����*ic**.i _ .    ,    ,
j.  -,    ,    % ��� .,      --. ��.       Dated at Donald, in   the   district,   of
* Lake buperior railroad company,   ot . K(lot.,,nay, British (Columbia, this l.Sth,
' day of November-, 18iT>. :W-!)t
J. F. AR.MSTRONG,
1 Ollicial Administrator.*
BEVELSTOEIE.
B_0_
wlncli 1/j. J. Foster," of Madison, is
president, and J. O'Connor of the same
city, secretary.
Church Services To-morrow.
Tlu* i-eirular services of the English
church will be held in the* M-hoolhoirse
to-morrow at 11 a.in. and It'.iO p.m. bv
Hev. F. Yolland.
���Services will be held in the M.-tliodist,
church by Hev. .1. A. Wood to-morrow
morning and evening at !1 and 7.."i0.'
.Sunday school .it 2.HIJ.
Service will be held lit the Piesbyte-
rian Church to-morrow eveiiiirir .-it "::�����
j>.m. by .Mr. Guthrie Perry. Sund.yv
School at a. -    ���
Application for Liquor  License.
t' 	
' -yrOTICE IS lllCRKBV GIVEIs- that.
; i.\'     thirty day.s I'l-inn the date hereof,
r, the undersiirned, wili apply to the
i Stip<-ndi.'ii'y .Mrigistr.ite for.WestKoot-
| enay. at YNel.son, for-a licen.se to sell
: .spirituous liquors at my hotel, situated
! at. Arrowhead, at. the-mouth of the
, Columbia river*. Upper Arrow lake.
CHARLES BLUL-IM.
ReveNtok'", November 20, ISO.").      ,'i'J-lt
ilirx-nU Act (Komi !*").   p
. Certificate of Improvements.
imotTce.
Paragraphs of General Interest.     ;
 . i
, -' ft i.s ��.iid that Genvge Olds,  frenTeial
tr.itric mitndger of th>* Cinadian Prici.'ic j
i-:iilway wilTretire front active,   service ;
at. the end of the present year. ]
Tbe     Horsefly      Hydraulic '    mine.
'Cariboo,-has been cli��si-(i down for   the
- season.   The output for  tb>*   p-re-ent
j year totals .-3.ri0.l>W.
w,,i   F-.i-'.-   Mw    c p T<     nri.riii.n.,'   I f*f'''' f"��iin��i-s'<:on<'r fur i*. corli tltuil <��� or 'iiiiprfivu-
\\m. fail,,the  eA   t,.l .li.   engineer. . m,.uiA for Ul(. v���yV,u,< or oUl.viniiiK a  Ci-own
the .Post Office store -and buy your ,outfit there. A
complete stock of Gents Furnishings always on
hand.    Shirts,    Shoe's   and   Suits".a .specialty. ���.
-pi.Afic
Ij Simatf in tiie Tn.-it Lake Jlininx IJivisinn
oi Wf-i'-ICiKit-nay riistrict. Wlicru loc-ntr-d:
six miles up (;,tiiH-r i'.rcnk. T.iku not ico tliat f,
JIcrljurtT. Tv/to. ii,j(.|it fur William C Vaw-
kcj.'rec miners cui'lWtc.ilu N'o. .j(!S|l), intend,
-.i\t y- days from the d.Xto lrm-cof, to iijiply to tlio
,,'i-ant of tlie iOj-ivu (.���nun.
An'l further lake not ii.'-, tliat julveisc i-l.ilms
in is���r, l.c tii-r.L* to tli" f.'olil (.'orniiiission-'i' and
a-;tio'�� . otiini'-nucl Iji-furc the iMs.nincu of micIi
ei'i-tillf-at-.' of iin|)iiivi'iii.'nts-.
I;al<-<! tills tliirtiet!) day of feY-plc hi her. IMli.
Colleetor .McNnir, at,
Circle City, Alaska, which is si tin. ted
-oji the Yukon river, about ei.^'lit miles
aixjve Birch Creek, in which he states
/hat after talking with almost every
miner who Inn come in from the
Birch Creek mining district, he is of
opinion tliat the amount of gold dust
jind nuggets taken out this .summer
will reach ��400,000. Tho land, he
frays, (lows with whiskey and as many
claim owners and most of the laborers
.ire aliens, lie thinks ;i company of
United States troops should be stationed at Circle City. The town now has
325 dwellings, lo saloons, .'5 stores, an
opera house, etc.
who   was     convicted'  of    arson     and
attempted mm cler.   at.  Winnipeg  l.e-ty
week, was .sentenced    to   ten   years   irr '
the penitentiary Tuesday. " , ,'
H. Lauranee'-; s| cctarlfs and eye >
glasses are always in .stork, every si<r]it> j
tor far' and ne.ii-, at- tie- Revelstoke !
Pharmacy. Kvi-s examim-d I'r-eebv Hi-. '
.McLean.*        * "   *     |
I). D. Mann, of   th" North   Star,   in i
FCa^t ICooterrav, ar'i-ived at (b.lden, I his f
v.-eek, from the east with I,wo  err load* j
of horses which will be used   for  pack- \
ing ore from    the , mine   l<>   tin-   iivi-i
landing
and .sorting 25 ton.s a (lav  and   h.ive   a ' <;'i!i/i'au-No. .V..III. inr.--ml   >-!vi
tie-d.n," lu-,-i-of. t?i ,i'i;j!> to tin-  (i
.Mineral Act, K-tH, " K-irrn K,"
Certificate of Improvements.
r#'.j/	
vy-^>%
V-*-*.
NOTICE.
K
IN'ti      U'lUJA.M
Sifnal'-     in    tin-
MfN'KI!ALi,
Troiir,    l^ikc
Ci.AI.M.
.���, .   . ,     .   ..        |  IliM-.ioii   of   Wi'-t    rCiiol.n.iv   flisti'iit.     'J'rtki'
I hey  are.   ruining.,   horsl mg ! N*���til.(.    ;|,,l(,  x.   H.i-.;.   Ahf.oit.   free   mliu-i-V
force of 25 men at work. The ore,
which is .silver-lead, is valued at about
$70 a, ton.    '
Awarded
Highest  Honors���World's  Fair,
,9
Pa
da vi.   from
M   ('uiiiiiii^.
siiini'r for a c-itilUiitu of  im|iro\.-i>K-.'i!^,   for
' tin- jinrr: .-,��� of .I'ltaiiiin-.'' a (':o-..-ri fci.-oit  of tlie
.-lli-i-. e ' l.tim.
-      An'l flirt her Like not,, e, th.it .'ifH.'r-.-  ','LiiiiH
ni'ist ),'��� -r-nt to tin- dold ('omnii-sioi.f-;- tind
! n.-tior. c'Mnnu iu-.'1 lK*for" * tic issniii^'.., r,f ^ud,
i < <: lifi<-.it.- of iifijiriivr mem-,.
i  D.ttcil tins sf\ciitcciit:i <l-i
WEST KOOTENAY DISTRICT,
1 {I'J V 1<: LSTO K K DIVISION.
\A, J'LA(;i':R CLAIMS nnd mining
\
leaseholds,   legally   held   in   Ibis
jvisiiirr,' may    be   laid   over
from I In
i5th jVovernber-, IM)."), to the lsl, June,
1��WJ. J.  I). rtRAHAAI.
(in\i\ Coiiiiiiissioner'.
Hei elstoke, Nov. ��, 18:/5. 111-."it
-of
-���'���rili-nih'-r. tf'Xt
ll. Al'.i'J/VT.
The proposal to build a narrow gunge
railway fi-om Tjvdl to Kossland i.s said
to be causing tbe O.J'.Jl. authorities
Koine lirieimiricss. Sii|)t. Abbott is reported to have gone to Spokane to
iconfer with F. A. Hej��ze, one of t>h&
jiromotei-s, iiAtoiil it.
% yyyyy ���
���ym
yjr
m f, tot 751
MU^T f'HRFECT MAUH.
A pur/- f'.r.ie-c- Crc.irn of Tartar Powder.   Free
from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant,
, .40 VI..;:- THE STAiNDy'iRD.   Y
Showing the Dates and f'l.ices of Courts
of Assize, Nisi Pr.us, G/'jr ar.d Terminer, <ind General Gaol Del'very for
.the yenr 1B95.
I-'ai.i. Assizkh.
Tliursdriy    2f!lb Sefilf-nilier
Clinton
l:i( litield .
Kiimlddps
\'et-nori     .,
I.vt ton . . .
.Monday. .MJtli Septeinber
Monday. . 7t b f)elobei-
Mondav. .Jtlh f)e(,,l,(.|-
Prid.iy . ..Ilth (Xfober-
New Westminster-. .. Wednesday  ,  (Jth
November.
Vrtncoiiver.  Mond.iV      1 lib November-
Viet < it 1,1. Iuc-i|.i\.    I*'. 11 No*, eiiiber
Naniiirno Tnesrlay.   2Utb November
100
TIIK
BEST AND CHEAPESTROUTE
'III   AN'11   l-'IIOM
-  All Eastern Points.
TIiii-hixIi Kir^l Cliits.Sliciiln^l'aiHiMiirronrist
Hl(:cpliii.'l',ii-H l<, St. I'niil, .Montrrid.uid'I'oninto
without i-li.uiu'-.
REVELSTOKE TIME TABLE.
Aliunde K<|irc<^ urrhcK   El.l.'Mlnily.
I'.ellli: " "        Hi:'-'"'   "
l-'or full liiroriii.i.llon .ik to rntcn, tlrne, etc ,
njiiily lo
I. T.   I'.re\vMi'i-,
-I A gent, licvelHloliO,
('IKC Itel.  I'ltrm'N.
riKtilM l"n-.-icri|s'<;r Alfciil, Viiiiconvcr. ({.(,'.
ItovcNtoU-i
T.  L.  HAIG,
NOTARY   PUBLIC   - ,-   REVELSTOKE,  B.C.
I.   ( * s
Mining and Real Estate Broker and General Commission Agent.
FIRE, LIFE AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE.
Representative of the Kootenay Smelting1 & Trading- Syndicate.
 :o:	
A.CJKNT YI?OK THOUT LAKE CITY, KVANSPOltT, KASLO & NAKUSP
il
STILL IN IT."
Trillin leaving ItovcNtokc on Knn.l.'iyi.
iYIoikIiiv- /mil Tfinrudiiv um k*; niuii' clioim
\iltli the I'.iliiliiil Ktrriinci-i " Miuiitolm."
" AllnitiiipKii nnd " Alliertn " uliii '1 Inuc l-'oit
Willmin for ()��cn Kdiuiil c\crv Siinil i> iin-1
Tlinrsdny. and for Windsor nnd Smniii cxt-rj
Wc'lmwdivy.
FOR PRICES ON
POTATOES AND HAY BY CARLOADS
OR OTHERWISE AND BE CONVINCED.
 k ������ ..  ���������,. ... 1
He Also Handles
GENERAL GROCERIES - MINERS SUPPLIES
I        -V_And Other Articles too Numerous to Mention^
- Station
* itf
*aH
Si!
'<*

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