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Kootenay Mail Mar 23, 1895

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 FOR MEN ���
Fin^t Cashmere Siii-l,..- 0 CO
Extra heavy wool do 0 oO
Best quality   Shetland   wool
Underwear, per suit  125
Finest, nat. wool   "        1 00'
Braces, per pair, 30c. ami Iflc.
The English Trading Co.
Cs��.
'  . VV*
i.i;-r- o
^O    1'
i / ft \i CJl  a w^^^Wr
^V^7 <#*
t
FOR  LADIES���
Heavy wool Underhk iris  1 00
Kxtrah'vyCabliiiiereSlockiiiKH 0 75
Heavy nat. wool Undervols.. 0 75
Tarn o'Shanters, 50c. and 7.3c
Lined Kid Gloves, fur cults... 1 25
Unliiied do., 75c. and $1.00.
-:o:
The English Trading Co.
Vol., 1.���No. 50.
pJevelstoke; west kootenay; b.c, maech 23, 1S95
$2.00 a Year.
JS3E��3:3P   "5373 '"S"0>XT3=5.
I S3   9
I tjI *&\ tfa   "f-J  M is  Ki 9$"^^       *�� *M K^^
if 1
���_,- v-^-f -������    -zlo-'wriie icr uironiar jjiTriJig- Ship,
������-f^-~ pi::ff Directions anil iATSaH* BIAS
main HOUSE; (
Incorporated.
200-212 First Avenue North,
" BFIAKCHES:    , ' . '
HELENA, KOHT.        CHICAGO, ILL    '' VICTORIA, B. C.        WINNIPEG, MAN.
3��;. ���"..���..'.!.���.��� : ">-   ', KSSi-li'i-af:. 89 Liajlty St. ���       ITS l'l-inms St.
n
ASH.RulestheWopldI
("' ��� To contribute your mile in rilling it        , ��� **
. . ,B U Y; TQB.-O A S H;   -     '
Save 5 per cent; on your Flour and Feed.
"   ro '       " "   '    General Groceries.
"' 15 " "        Clothing.      o        '        ���    ���
"   2s    ' 1 inware.
On all purchases over One Dollar.
1   ' ���_'_ r	
.    GO TO
rJTvr*
^        Kootenay Lodsre
*/^T-?  No. 15 A.F.&A.M.
*   * Jd'ne 1 ctjiiliir meotiii};
~���7*       are hold in tlie Mas-
oferyvv JC\       oim-TeiiipIi-.l'ounu;'-.
'^^&^M^AA!-'^^y\uiui.iy   in    each
HEUa,-,
 . moiiili   at   S - 11.   111.
S^O3-    ViwiiiiK    brethren
cordially welcomed.
W. F. CltAGE. Si:cnr.TAHv-.
Zbe Ifcootena^ flftail
REVELSTOKE   X.ODGE,   X. O. O. P.
k2fe5^?a>^$^*��ir o'i-liic-1;. "Visitills' biother
ys^Zh^'O^S^'  cordially weleunieil.
U. NEW-MAX. X.CJ. A. S l'OXK, 3.i:c.
Itejjulnr meetings nrojliclrt
~&< i�� Oil*.llellovv-��' Hall every
5" rjjt Tii'ii--<layniiKlit at   eij;ht
"\"1^-\NTKI)���I'lNliiiipri-iivn--vr of tfoort u;l-
\\     drii.-s.   Liberal .-alary mill e:-'Di-ii-.cs j.nid
weekly. J'eriiiaiiunl |io-.itii-n.   liliU'.VX lil.'OS.
CO., Xurseryiiieii  Portland, Oregon.'
SUBSCRIPTION.
INVARIABLY IX ADVANCE.
r   One Vear  : S2 00
SixJIonths..  .., '.    100
Throe J Ion Vy    0 50
ADVERTISING RATES.
One Inch, per month    1 50
Two Indie*-., per month '    2 00
Six       " "        "'        0 00
Special contracts for large advertisements
A!nomh. f"r a(U;erri^"�� due thc lqt o�� eao11   fined here, and "when
Thc Mail is printed every Saturday morning
by ihe Ki.\olsloke Piintinf? 6c I'ulilKbini; Co.
'(Limited). a
Rovolstoke Prlntlns & Publishing Co., LtcL
Yv,
\. JONYETT,
MISJNG AND REAL KSTATB "GROKIiR.
NELSON, B.C.
Lctrdeau & Slocan Prospects Wanted.
THE REVELSTOKE PHA^MiY.
���tea
AND DO THIS.'
w.-'aaw-AN
WHOLESALE'DEALER IN
WINES," LIQUORS" ��� AND' CIGARS.
"EB.T-E'IiSTOKB,-     B.C.      '
1 i
���;, -A. H.'HQLDICH,   -a
OF SWANSEA ANI�� "WJGAN,
Analytical Chemist and Assayer,
 o ^^
Accurate assays,,made of all kinds of minerals^ water, milkj etc.'
Stoekhota
JOHN STONE, PuoPKiHTcm.
The Bining Room is-tarnished witSitlie best tlie
Market affords. ;
THE BAR IS SUPPLIED WITH THE CHOICEST
; WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS. .
3
NOTARY   PUBLIC '-   -   REVELSTOKE,  B.C.
Mining and R-eal Estate Broker and General Commission Agent.
i        1 *���* 1
FIRE,  LIFE AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE.
Representative of the Kootenay Smelting- & Trading- Syndicate.
, :o:	
AGENT FOllTKOUT LAKE CLTY, EVANSPOK.T, R'ASLO & NAKUSP
THE CENTRAL
TEL
AliPiAIIAMHON   HP.OS., riioi'i:n:roi'.s.    .
First-class Table,      Good Beds.
Telephone.
'BUS  MEETS   ALL   TRAINS   ANMJ   STEAM T.OATS.
PIEE-PEOOF   S.A.^E.
NP^V  STOCK   OF
���STATIONERY & FAMCY GOODS.
The Ney TOILET SOAP,
���*     SIX TAULR'PS YO\l 20c.
'VTOTrCE 13 HK11K1IV OIVKK . Unit, the
i_\ former edilor ol Tin-. ICootknav Mail,
3\Ir*. IE, \Y. Xnilhcy, h.is now nn cuimuctiuii
wKluJiia.Coini'iiiiv, iiikI 1 lull Iiu i-* nol uiitlioriijeil
lo lictoii ils Ijulmlf in any way \v|;;it*,oovcr.
'T. LlA'JNCJSTOXRirAIO.
Miiim(,riiii; Uirct-tor.
ttovi'lsluke, 1I.(J.  ^liu-cli-.'lbt, lallj.
XO'I'ICB TO AlJVliKTISi'KS and Suusciukcks.
All money due to UiR ('ouipnny inn-si be p;iid
cither Lo'tliCi Trc.i*;urur or SeiTilur*.", aiul a
rci*oi;it lim^t, be L.iken i'oi- tlio -".ime.
A. II. lloi.nicii, Sccrouirj*.
���:o:
"Wiiit'Eoi' lire notice regarding the new
��� Cii'culiitiiig Lil/nny i'.t
THE REVELSTOKE PHARMACY.-
"���,    '   FURNITURE,
Boors, Sashes & Blinds.
5   R. HOWSON,
11 nnVEIoTOKE. "      '
'COFFINS  CAlWiED  IN  STOCK.
u AGCNT l*OK SfXGKK SEWJXG MACUI>T5.       *
^^^    ^^__    r
���    . A. McNEIL, '; ���       ;._
BAK3E3 SHOP AJfDrBATH IIOOK,
Front Street.; Kcvclstoke.
Tji'k price of ailver Ikis rihfcii this
week from 60 to 63�� which price it
readied on Thursday fit. New York.
This is the highest, for many months
nnd i.s probably caused in anticipation
of a demand expected to follow ' tlie
close of the,1' war between Japan and
China. > Japan, according to the latest
news, is to receive ��250.000,000 in
gold, payments to bo extended over
ii long period, and unless Japan sells
her <'old and substitutes silver, we do
not see that it can 'cause any permanent increase in the value,of the white
metal.' ,The "ride must, therefore,--- be
very largely speculative and will likely
soon settle back to a price which will*
be controlled bjr ordinary supply and
demand."
Haircut, 25c;  Bath, 50c; Six Shaving
' Tickets for SI.OO.
GUY  BARBER,
WATCHMAKER AND JE\VEZiL3S.
Repairing Neatly'& Promptly Executed.'
REVELSTOKE, B. C.
R. S. WILSON,
MERCHANT   TAILOR!,*
Revelstoke Station.
First:class Material kept.in stock and-
- First-class Workmen employed.'
HEU? WANTED!
WANTKD���Activi:, Honest Gkntlbmav oit
Lady, u> travel. vcprL'scnliii? estiil)!i^ii(.d. reliable limine. Snlary Slil in.'mlhly and t:\ivelipg
qxpeu-'i*. with tiH:reii*-L* if j-uit.jd. Knclo-'o rcter-
uncc anil self-addvus*.Q'll<*liuiipod,envelope.
Tir'li DOMINTON,
SpS SIT Omnlia linildiiiK. Chicago.
OCEAN STEAMSHIPS.
ROYAL MAIL LINES.
CHEAPEST route to the OLD COUNTRY.
I'rcpovjd Sailings from jMonlrc.il.
The idea that some people'seemi willing to express and others to believe,
that there is a part}-in Revelstoke that
i.s the especial champion' of the work-
iii<*m.'in. and an opposing party that
wants thc workingnicin put down, is
nothing but'rot and humbug. Tho people of i.iiis place aro. all' in f.uor of
good wagijs for lali'oring nioii^the niei'-
chants and hotel lrccj��crj5. particularly,
otherwise niorcliants could, not sell
���goods and g..'.r. pay fftr, thein ,nor collect
old accounts, and hotel'nicu would, be
just as had!y**in the lurch. ��� The nien
who'are riding "that humbug hobby
will not deserve sympathy if they get
a bad fall. We would not refer to this
matter, wore it-not that some outside,
people may be misled into, believing
the foolish storv.  '
Kootenay mines is considered, the extreme necessity of smelting and refining works is plain. The high cost of
freighting ore long distances to American smelters would be saved. This is
$21 to Omaha, and in addition is the
IJ. S. tariff of ��15 per ton on the lead
contained in the ore.   < '
It is not therefore enough that B. C.
ores, should be smelted on this side of
the boundary, the bullion should be re-
the market is
found for the silver and lead outside of
the States, the mine owners will be
benefitted about 835 to the ton of ore.
The market for silver in China and
other countries at the west, belongs as
much to ours as to any country if we
show the enterprise' that will enable
us to get it. And as for our lead, we
believe that China is the proper and
even the natural place for iiu consumption, and will be' just as soon as the
monopolies and trade restrictions with
which that country is shackled by Europe, can be broken. 'Tt would not
have, been a cause of mourning to us,
if the war (aside from its brutality)
between China and Japati had gone on
until nil the trammels on' trade and
commerce which bind the Oriental peoples, had been entirely broken.
THERE. WILL BE A SESSION FIRST.
A Remedial Order Granted Regarding
the Sehool Question.    ,
An Ottawa despatch of the 21st announces that the government has, at
last, determined to Iiuvea session nrior
to the general elections. The House
is to meet on April 18th.
At the same cabinet meeting the
signature of the_Goveriior-GencraI-in-
C'nuncil was oht.airied""to the remedial
order regarding the Manitoba school
case which was passed the day before.'
The oitler was forwarded to tlie Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba ye&ter-
day.'
BEST MAIUCHT FOR SILVER.
XiwrniAN-
Parisian ...
Mongolian1
ALliAX LINK.
..No>\   3
 Nov. It)
 Nov. 17
DOMINION* LINK.
TOIiONTO Ol'l.   2(
V.VNCOU Villi....". Nov.   'i
Oki-i-On... .." Nov. 10
Ciiliin S-l."), ?.V), ?��), 870, $*Xicm.1 upward-.
Intermedial-.' ���:.*); f'teer,'it,'f; 52'i.
Pas.-enp-er-f tiwkrt.d Ihvoujili to si 11 pivl-ol
Grout P.i-itain uw! ]ri*!-iixl. niid at iiiu<:i.il!y low
i-iitc"> to all )mi*(.�� of tin* l*'urop< mi c-ontiru'iit.
Apply to ncaiv-l s-l caiiinliip or ni i I u-.iy ai;i ul .to
I. T. BKEWSTEn. Asci-.t, Bevel%to!:c,
or to l?oiii:uT Krrn:.'Gfii.  I .i*-i iiKtir' Ap'iil.
WmiiipiK.
TJIK
BEST AND ChlEAPESTROUTE
TO   AXI)   Fi'.OM
All Eastern Points.
Tliroiifili l*'ii--t rini-i ^]r < piup; ("sir .ii'ii Toiii-'-,!
fc*l.j''Iiiiif,' f".��i*> to rfi. i'.uil. Aloiilr-.-al.iini Tor./iilo
willwi'ii cli:i'.ii^o.    ,
REVELSTOKE TIME T/\DLE.
Atinntic Evpri'-.'. ai-iivi--.   0:1.1 il.iily.
Pncillc " "       10:-J.">   "
l-'or full infonn.'ttion a*? to r.itos, (in;';, i't.f..
ai'i'Ij io ;.
''  I. T.   Jii��-\v-.K'r,
\ giMll, Hi-VclhtoiK-".
GI'O. Mi-!.. I!I!(lv,-\.
Jli'tnil P.i����-jii^i.i .\'-r'-i-.',
Vaiifouvi-r. !'��� G.
The S.ui Fi-anci^eo agents of China
and .Tnpnn bankers, says a late despatch, are checking the How of silver
i'roin Colorado. Utah and Nevada to
l.he Orient liy way of New Yoik, and
are shipping bullion to Hongkong and
Yokohiiimi from San Francisco. These
shipments are increasing monthly. A
local smelting concern separates the silver and goldin the bullion, after which
the silver is reshipped abroad in solid
bars. The cost of shipping $1000 in
fine silver from Denver to Hongkong
via New York and London is .$10.00,
and by way of San ������ Francisco is $11-.
The. liank of California and the French
���bank have, in a large measure, changed the iimv of the immense silvei output, which is regarded ils a pronounced
commercial triumph for San Francisco.
China, Japan, India and other Oriental
countries have been for years the largest consumers of silver in the world,
having teceivod through San Francisco
and London during the last six years
$312,000,000.
The above paragraph relating to the
market for silver in'Ciiina, Japan and
the IndicRj'from a San Francisco despatch, deserves to be studied by the
silver producers of this province. The
precious mineral is certainly here ,in
untold abundance; and the means of
transportation by the Empress line, of
steamers from'Vancouver, is shorter
and better than by way. of San Francisco. All that is wanting then is the
smelt inn of the ores, ihe refining of
the resulting bullion, and tho enterprise to (ind a market fi.r tlie 'pn.nlnet.
There are smellcrs in the province
at lliRjiiosi'iit time. < hie at, Pilot P.ay
ii now turning <>ut bullion, and two
carload1- In,' r: b"cn already shipped to
an American ri'iinery. A smelter at
fjolden is waiting for a Mipplyof ore;
and the sainplin;; works and sin 'Iter of
the !i.ootr-iiav Smelling^ Swidic.ilo at
jlevlstoke .;.ui be* vi\ soon put in nv-
di'i* t*i re..(;i\-(!   ore.    The
ore. is io gi-'.-il. and   the   v
quidities so    numerous, tl:
o
rn
capacity can be 11-j���
��� sen
Oil'
limit and not CvCee.d
f
es and
!������(��� smelling
almost, with-
tiie. oie   stip-
lv.
We are infviiiueil th.it a. refinery can
he profitably established m'renew!!' a
smelter has a daih output of :-*r> tons
of bullion. Any oO-toii suieller which
runs on West Kootenay ores, containing f'Oji-C-O per cent, of lead.'will'produce at lea'-t 'l'i tons of bullion daily.
Cf 211*! tons ore recently (-.'nipped to
Omaha fi mn Slocan, from which ie-
turiis h.-.ve been received, the bullion
piodtii-C'1 was in the proportion of -iO
tons lo'eac h .j0 Ions of ore. "When
the. extraordinary output of tho West
NEW   KOOTENAY   RAILWAYS.
Three, new railways in West Kootenay, if 'not four, are likely to make
good progress towards completion this
year, even if they do not get into full
operation. The Arrow Lake branch
of the C. P. R. will without a doubt
be extended from Wigwam to the Upper lake. Connecting there with the
steamer for Nakusp, and thence by the
Nakusp & Slocan Railway to the Slocan mines, a regular shipment of ore
can be made all winter without interruption. ��� To avoid the risk of (delay
by ice on the lake, the new, steamer to
be built by the C. it K. N. Co. must
be provided with an ice-breaker powr
erf ul enough to keep the,channel open
in all weathers. , f
, The C. P. Rvand Navigation co. will
be compelled lo do this in order to hold
the business which it is expected will
be competed for,by the Kaslo it Slocan
Railway, reported-to be under contract
for completion liy, the .1st of'Sept.
This"line with its outlet-on Kootenay
Lake will not onl}' be a direct competing route for many of the mines now
shipping via Nakusp, but will give
transportation to 'many new mines so
far not within the reach of' railway or
steamer.' The prospect therefore in
the Slocan is for'an exceedingly active
and even rushing summer, both as to
railway building and mining development.       ; '
The wisdom of, the legislature in
withholding from the Red Mountain
Railway Co.can extension of its charter, as prayed for, will result in the immediate construction of the road, and
perhaps a second line from the Columbia at Trail to the mines will be built
by the C. P. 11. It is entirely safe to
say that had the extension been granted, not even one road would have been
builtthisyear. Themineownersof Trail
Creek can but be gratified that instead
Of no road at all, as might have been
the case if the charter had been extended, they will now have one at
least if not two railways entering their
cunp before the end of 1895.    "'
��������� ���-���        an   kji - -
CONSIDER A FEW THINGS.
. Tt is very unfortunate in a small
community like Revelstoke, that there
should be so much prejudice existing,
that there seems really no way for people to get along in peace, and work harmoniously for the common prosperity of
the town. ' How different it is in other
towns in Went Kootenay. As described by one who has lived in them and
observed them intelligently,���Kaslo
always stands'a solid and unwavering
unit in favor of any movement that
tends to benefit the town. Nelson is
eipially so, although on a slightly different basis. Internal dissensions may
rago. but when anything arisen threatening her from the outside, when a rival town tries to gain an advantage
over1 her, the entire population aro
welded together like a rock-in her defence.
Those aro examples that might be
imitated by the people of Revelstoke.
Men-aro called liars on slight pro\uca-
tion con in print. May there not have
been misunderstandings of what was
said, that would cxpl.un the apparent
ineoiisisteiie-es in Malcme :!. ? Men are
aciwd of being eiii'iui.-s of the w-irk-
iniim '.'i. when il wo.,Id se.-*i:i to   ! e. ini-
Experimental Farm Seed Distribution.
. JMr. Win.'Saunders,   Director of Experimental Farms, Ottawa, Out., sends
out a cii culai' in which he explains that
during eight years   past the government, seeil distribution   has   been  continued  to farmers  in all   parts of the
Dominion, the object being to improve'
the character ami  quality of the agricultural products of the country. They
are forwarded liy mail in o-lU. bags, one
sample only to each   applicant.   The
Director says:    "The distribution now  ���
in   progress   consists   of some   of tlio'
most promising 'sorts of oats, barley, ,
spring 'wheat,   pease,    held   corn 'and
potatoes.   ' Already   more   than   7,000
applications   have ' been,   filed.     All
farmers desiring'to  participate in this
distribution'should send in their uppli- '
cations early, and state, which of the
above named samples  they would prefer, and their wishes will be met as far
as practicable, until the availablesUicIt,
is exhausted.   The grain can be'sent ,
early, but the potatoes will   not be distributed 'until   the    danger   of   being
injured ,in   transit   by   frost is over.
Letters addressed to   the Central Experimental Farm may be'sent free of
postage."   . '  _,(
The Kootenay Rapids Improvement
The work  of improving   Kootenay -
rapids, for the benefit of steamer navi-   ,
gatinn, which has been , going forward
'under    the , direction   of   Jur.  F. 0.
Gamble, Dominion engineer, for some
time, has now lieen practically finished. -
It consisted of about 1,000 feet of crib-
work with riprap on the outside to'protect from the wash of high-water.  The -
work done this winter was  in connect- ���
ing previous cribs by new work and in
extensions, and has   been ' going, on
nearly four months.    The cribs are located on the edge of deep water to prevent steamers from'drifting on the bar
at places where the rapids .are strong.   .
If any further improvement is projected, it will doubtless"be a���<leupen*mg of.
the channel wheie rocks or the hard
clay of tbe river bed need blasting out'
for the advantage of navigation in low
water.      ' .     _    - ' '     -
" What a.Silver Dollar is Worth. ���
Mr. C. M. AllenV Supt: of tho Butte
and Boston Mining Co., gives the following explanation of the silver dollar:
" When silver is  worth 60 cents an  '
ounce the silver dollar is worth 46 4-10
cents. ' The calculation to prove this is
made   as   follows:     One.   troy   ounce
contains 4S0 grains, one grain   would
therefore   be   worth   1-4S0  part of fiO
cents,   which   is .125 of- ii cent.   One,
dollar contains 412^ 'grains, of  which'
9-10 is silver, therefore, in  one dollar
there are 9-10x412i grains, or 371| grains    ,
of pure silver, which multiplied by .125
cents gives 46 4-10 cents a*'the intrinsic
value of a silver'dollar when  silver is
worth 60 cents an ounce."
KIRKUP GOES TO R0SSLAND.
The report that J. Kirkup had beeu
transferred from Yale to liosslaud has
been confirmed.
Mr. O. D. Hoar arrived * last evening'
from Trout Lake City and tbe'Lu'trdeau
gold placers.   He reports the   miners
pushing work and making good stakes
of the precious dust.
Highest -Honors
Awarded
World's   Fair
MOST PERFECT  MADE.
A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder.   Free
from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant.
40 YEARS THE STANDARD.
General Blacksmith.
pos-ib'e th-,t .my meic'.am, oo'.e,' Ucop-   J /\ Q        f\/| c |\/| �� |-j Q [\{ _
or   or   an'v  oilier   iitmness    mm   %v'ho 1
UEVKLKTOKli, U.C.
must iv'v nn money earned   iiv   work-
iiigni.'ii for Ms own prosperity, to   say
���e reduced,     fs it
lo    belie re   that
'��� s ty wh.'.t thev aie accused
had   they   said   it,
damaged
for H
that, wages ought t
not, the,1    re.isiiniibii
men did no
of saying, be-.au.ie
thev w'Mi'd   have   seriously
themselves ?
'['here is a miixini in liw which says
that no ui'ii should be condemned until he is proved to be gtiiltv.
J.ip.in undertakes to search    I'ritisli
and (Icnii in merchantmen at Taku.
Repairs to Wagons, &.c
Shoeing a Specially.
3POB   S-A-Hy-S-
,   :o:	
IOKKKIl I'-flR K.vliK my Mutcl soul cf.ntenta,
l-jc-a. .1 .it south end uf Arrow l^ike lUil-
way. o'.'.U-il
THE WIGWAM HD"*SS. FOR S530.
It i- well lofiito-1 and i*> a vood .-t-'ind for trade.
Apiilv to Mail Ollt-o nr i>i-i-s��rioU'i' on Ihs
pi-numus, JOSEPH WALKlilt S-'.v THE   KOOTENAY   MAIL.  )'  1B01ED A CONVICT SHIP,  INCIDENTS   OF   A   SEA  VOYAGE  ,     WITH 250 CRIMINALS.  r ,    An Iitlcri-Mtln;*- Experience���������A. Convict  I'IorkcA Tor lusulmriMiiatlon���������Forly-  riglH LnHlim Without a ������������������llii������:!>���������  .4in-.f-eiiieti.ti. or the PriioueM���������TUo  Soldiers <in llnaril.  a ������������ 1 know something of lire on a convict  Atrip,'' said   a  retired oificer > of   au East  was regarded by them with great respect.  1 remember he wrote a poem on the loss of  the sailor, and very good verses they were  too.  " About their food? It was of a better  quality than that furnished either the  soldiers or crew. They always got corned  1 beef where the sailors got salt horse. Compressed vegetables aud, preserved potatoes  were supplied them, also suet for cheir  duff, where that of the sailors was mixed  with slush from the coppers. Then they  had plums for their duff of a Sunday, while  the sailors got nono in their 'lump of lead.'  The convicts got a gill of sherry every  day at 11 where the soldiers got a piut of  porter  and'the   crew   nothing.      Many a  Indian merchantman.  " I was on the \\ ar- I convjct told me he wished the voyage could  wick,    a merchantman    just,    back    from   last for years. '    ,  SOB LITE MEMOES.  THE  NEWEST IN THE  WORLD.  SCIENTIFIC  & voyage to Calcutta, when the Government chartered her to carry convicts and  troops from England to Gibraltar. It was  a most interesting experience. "We were  to take convicts from three 'different pri-  aons. About midnight on Dec. '22, 1869,  ���������we left' the East Indian, docks, London,  and dropped down tho river to Graveseud,  where the next afternoon we took cm^iOO  men'of the Seventy-first .Highlanders who  were to act" as guard for tho convicts.  Next tide wo towed to Shecrnoss, near the  North Foreland, whore we camo to an  anchor and waited for the first installment  of convicts sent from Chatham. They were  brought alongside on a small steamer. I  shall never forget how they looked to me  ���������I was_a.vouDg*iter���������tncn���������in their yellow  and blaok stripes, and with the short, flat,  brown arrow, which is the English Government mark, stamped on the clothing.  Having got them aboard, we made sail for  Portsmouth, our next roceiving station,  where we got about a hundred more. From  there we sailed to Portland, and took the  balance of 230 from tho prison there.  "\V3 lay in Portland Roads three or four  days on account) ot storm and then started  for Gibraltar.   ,While lying there  AN' INCIDENT   OCCURKED ,  which 1 can never forget ; but first let me  tell yau something about the arrangement  and discipline of tho ship on this voyage. A  staff surgeon of , the royal navy was in  charge - of the ship, and every one ' was  subordinate to him. He was absolutely  au autocrat. We weie a full-rigged iron  Bail-'ng vessel of 1,00.) ton? register, and we  had now on board, with convicts, wardens,  soldiers, crew, and families of some of the  soldiers, about 423 souls. So you can see  we weio pretty thick. The sailors, who  UBuallyhad quarters in the forecastle, had  to give them up and live, in'parl of the after  between docks. A barricade was built  across the ship at the mainmast, both between decks and on trie mam deck. ��������� Tho  convicts lived between decks forward and  ,were turned up for exercise every day i  before this barricade on the main dock. Of  course, the crew were not allowed to talk to  them, but they got in a word now and then  as they passed in and out among them at  their work.'   A sentry  was'placed in   the  "They had their amusements, too. They  were not allowed to read newspapers, but  once ina while one would steal one from  a warden's pocket. "Tlie warden would  discover the loss, and hunting up the thiol  take his paper away and stick it back in  his pocket. But before he had gone very  far another would pick his pocket1. I  have seen a, warden kept trotting a whole  forenoon hunting up a precious old journal  he had brought aboard with him. ' Then  they often amused themselves by  UOI.EINO, MOCK   TItlXl.9. i -  'I I ,  Thoy had judge, jury, and counsel for the  prosecution and defence. One night some  of us got permission to go down in the maiu  hatchway and look through the bars on one  of these trials. It was one of thc funniest  performances I over saw. The Judge's  bench was a mess table,and he wore^a bunk  blanket for a robe. His decisions were  provocative of great mirth,and the speeches  of the learned counsel were screamingly  absurd. ' When the trial was finished wo  were allowed to hand them in a little tobacco for a treat.  "Let me tell you about the soldiers we had  on board. There were some of Colin Campbell's n-.en who were at the relief of Luck-  no>w���������battered, grisly, scarred fellows,  who could have spuu you stories by the  yard. There was one old fellow called  Anchor Jack from au, anchor tattooed on  his forehead, of which ornament he was ex-  exceedingly vain. He was at Lucknow and  the storming of Delhi, and" some of his  comrades told mo that when he ruehed into  the fire and smoke at Delhi he shouted,  " "Ere, I go, boys. Don't let 'em take  my anchor.' '  " Then we had some of the Twenty-  eighth of the lino called Twenty-eighth Old  Brags, from the name of their Colonel. I  can tell you one or two historical facts  about this regiment. In Quebec ouce,  when' a French Mayor refused to give  shelter to their women and children -when  they first landed, some of them went to  his house and cut off his cars. , Afler that  they were known us the Slashers. They  were at Waterloo, too, and were, fighting  iu open, line of battle when ' they were  charged from the rear ( by a regiment of  horse. The rear rank faced about, and  they fought buck to back until victorious.  Thereafter, they were allowed to wear the  numerals "28* both in front nnd in the rear  of their shakos, to,show they weie all  front, a distinction over any other regiment  in the army. ,  "On the morning we readied Gibraltar  just as rwe were going in, a gun was fired  and a checkered fUg was run up tbe staff,  This was the signal that a convict' had escaped from Gibraltar. Wo soon learned  that he had scaled the north front, passing  at   lenst   twenty  sentinels,    and   had.'gnt  Description or u ICcmnrlcible ������evoIv������*r���������  Simo-iIu 'tore Gnus Will biii-.fr-.e-Ic Hie  Itiile���������VtMV ' M:*ri!l/.ia- Aiip.iralii*.���������  Sat������-iy I'iriH oi ->ovel neilsii-^i-'lc.viblc  Door* Tor Summer.'  What is claimed to be a nioit remarkable  weapon, and one which is as great an improvement over the ordinary revolver for  'military purposes as was the revolverover  the old-time horse'pistol, ha3 been brought  out by a .Berlin firm.' The conotructiou of  this . latest development in firearm manufacture is upon entirely new lines, so far  as regards small arms. The cartridges,  which are Pight iu number! are contained  within a magazine in the grip. The action  of tho piece ia so rapid that the eye cannot  follow the movements, and the whole eight  shots can be - fiied bofore the first shell  ejected has struck tho ground.  The construction of tho piece and its  appearance'will be clearly understood from  the accompanying illustrations. The cartridges are brought to the front of the breech  block, whon the latter is moved to the rear  in opening the breech, aud closing the  breech places the cartridge iu its proper  position iu the firing chamber.     '  I&2IJS4  I*..  'it  processes' have been suggested for tha  sterilizing of milk, from ordinary boiling  water to superheating in an atmosphere or  vapor. Heating in uir tight bottles prevents  the lose of wa'er from the milk, but there  remains the danger of explosion. ���������>  There' has recently been introdi eel'in  German}' a sterilizing apparatus, in which  the bottles holding the milk or other lluid  are subjected to a water bath, while the  coverings of the flask are so arranged as to  allow for the expansion of the" heated air^  aud steam arising Irom the milk. , An illustration of the arrangement is here shown,  liy means of tho central standard it is  possible to arrange the spring covers at any  desired height or to exert any degieo of  pressure. Tho apparatus may be employed  for sterilizing jars of fruit or any liquid.  SAFETY l'INS OF NOV III. r>E310N. "'  Here is,a safety, pin that at all times  covers the sharp projecting point, and  absolutely prevents the pin from leaving  its protective  hood.    The  novelty   of the  A-  r It*  ���������4*AV  main and fore hatches'f.nd at each side of ! over into Spiiir, a thing unheard of before  the barricade, and as there were sixteen in the history of tho fortress. Our convicts  wardens, some of(i whom were on duty all | were landed by the new mole, marched  tho while, the convicts were as a rule kept i away two by two to their barracks, whence  quite orderly. They were,not iror.od unless   they were taken   to the quarries   and  set  they became unruly.    Thou bracelets were  put on their wrists and on their ankles.  "Butc while we lay in Portland Koads a  convict named Sturgess, who was serving  a twenty years' term, became intractable,  and on being reproved by one of the wardens threatened the latter's life when/his  ' sentence should be served. I faucy if what  followed should happen in one of your  penitentiaries a howl of, denunciation  would go up all over the country,  but.  to work.    The Warwick   lay  in   harbor  few days, then proceeded to Ceylon."  "HOLD YOUR  KNIFE FLAT."   'V  How lo Cut Onl a .Vcitspiiprr Scrap When  Vou Have  no scissor*.  BRITISH  PRISON  DISCII'LINB  "Excuse me, my dear," said the nice old  , lady in   the next 3<;at,   leaning forward as  ishe toujhed  the girl, "excuse mo but hold  | your kni'e flat."  is very rigorous, you know.    Sturgcss was I,    The gnl hadobeen  trying to cut au item  immediately put in  irons  and  thrust'into   out of * newspiper   with a , pen-knife, and  the blade which was not very keen-edeed,  had made a jagged rem here and a crooked  the solitary confinement box  for  twenty  four  hour?, and sentenced to   receive four ;  dozen at the expiration of h.s confinement. '  He was a stolid biute and   did not seem to  mintl, remarking he had been dogged five  times before and it would go hard with him'  if he couldn't take another dose.  "Iti3  generally the  duty of  the boatswain to do the flogging aboard ship,   but'  the night watchman from  Portland.pnsou ' her ������������������. on  was sent ofl to punish this fellow.    With ' .   .       ,  the   exception of   the women, every   one ' the pretty gri.ycnrls.an-i tne pleasant eyei"  aboard  was compelled to turnup  to wit-   behind  the  goid   rimmed   spectacles,   the  ness the  flogging.. 'All  the convicts   were ' blush wia loit in a smile.  ordered up before  the barricade, and each :     "] don't quit* understand," i-i-e slid.  one craned his .neck to 6t*e   the  show and \     "Inen let me ihow you, my dear,"' sai>*  gash that way, and hai naaily come to a  stop in a tangle of wrinkled paper. It was  at this moment'that the old lady had told  the'giri to hold'her'knife 2ac.  The g-.rl colored as she felt the touch ,on  lancing round and seeing  /(  The recoil at firing drives the barrol and  breech mechanism to tne rear, the three  friction rolls of the roar link strike against  the curved butt, and are forced downward,  the middle joint of toggle is raised,and the  breech block recedes, taking with it the  empty shell by menus of ,the extractor,  until the ejector strikes the shell 'from  below and throws it out, and tho surplus  momentum of the recoiling ports is taken  up by the recoil spring, against which the  friction rolls impinge. <-  As soon as the recoil, which is so eased  as to be scarcely noticeable to the hand, is  spent, the sprin������3 draw the toggle link forward and downward, the breech blo-.:k  pushes the upper cartridge into the barrel,  and tho firing bolt is ariested and,,held  cocked by the sear. ��������� *     .  SECTION'AL VIEW SHOWING M"AGA7,r.S'H.  Tne saiety piece prevents accidents when  the arm is not iu'action, otherwise the pistol is always cocked and ready for service.  The pistol'weighs tijf pounds, with a 6*  inch barrel, aud 2 4-5 with a/A'ioch barrel.  The projectile weighs So giains, and is  projected by the cartridge at about 1,300  feel par second.  arrangement consists in the pivoting of the  disc-hue guard upon the hood or shield, so  that it may be rotated to cover the opening  in the hood and prevent tho pin from leaving its pr:tective covering, uo matter in  what position it may be placed.  i _ j  FLKXIULE  DOOllS FOB SUMMER.  A novel design of flexible door is here  shown. The paiallel strips or leaves may  be of any number, jiud are provided in  concave und convex edges on thcir'oppoaile  Bides, which accurately fit oach other and  form the articulated joiut.    Pintles are in-  serted in the convex odges, while hooks,  inserted in the conc-ive surfaces, act in  connection with the pintles' to form thc  hinge. 'The dooria especially useful'for  all light woods, and especially for employment in warm weather, permitting almost  any desired opening into the room. i.  ' Let mi have the piper  moment..    Now  we'll sud*  auxiously witched Sturgess to see if he were   the nice oici lady.  game.    The thief's cat, with a knot iu each   and knife for a m  string, was the weapon of punishment. The   pose that thi? it tne piece you wjph to cut  convict, was brought up  then stripped  to   out.    First  make a  little   downward   jab  the waist, his feet and  knees lashed to two, with the po;r.t of   tne knife alongside the  spars which were stood upright on the deck, ' column  mark -o.     Then put  in the olade  his hinds were chained, and a rope passing  under the chain, traced them up high above  his head, and his breast was pushed against  an iron grating lashed between   the spars.  The staff surgeon men read the accusation  and sentence and tne night watchman  was  ordered to do his duty.    I can see him now  as he ran his hand among the strings of the  cat and  then with   a  quick, sharp stroke  brought   it  down   between   the   convict'*)  shoulder blailep.    The chief  warden, Donald Bain, counted the strokes, 'Onp���������two���������I  three,' and   after each   stroke the convict j  counted, tco, and when ho got   to twenty  If of them .'  SMOOTH JiORE CUSS NOW.     ,  The very heavy cost ot modern guns is  largely due to the time aud labor which are  necc*"SH.rily'expended upon the operation of  rifling them. It is almost impossible so to  make the gun and the projectile that the  iolt driving bauds of the latter shall at the  moment of discharge, accurately fit into the  grooves and lands of the bore, and allow no  nates to pass ahead. When these gases do  pass ahead of the projectile they ecore and  damage the 'nteriorot the gun ;and, where  the new .powders are used <ind the gd3es of  combustion attain an enormous degree of  hear,the process of deterioration,especially  in weapons of large calibre, is often very  rapid. Swedish engineer,Mr. W. T. Unge,  hiir" devised a method wnereby he hopes to  pave, not only the cost of rifling, nut also  thc interior wear and tear for which rifling  is re-ponsible. He proposes to construct all  guns as iniooth bore?, .ind to fit the projec-  j tile with gas checks, which shall render it  ] pricticaliy impossible for any gases to rush  so, ,holfiing the handie of the knife ai fUt 1 P-"*1* tbcrri.  against tne r.-.iper a-you can conveniently j In order to convey to the projectile an  gel it. V������u will find now that although , ?-xlfl* rotary motion, such ,is is at present  this blad-i in dreadfully dull, yo'i can cut | convey d to it :>y th" action of the rifling,  straight down the wtmle length of th-s < he has invented a mechanical arrangement,  paragraph.     Then   bring thc    kmr'c   r-liid'; j wli'ch, at the instant ot firing, givps to the  cleanly Around the bottom, carry it up tne  side  and  finish along tho   top, .an.I tiler'!  you  have    the  scrap easily   ont    out  and  without a tear or a break.     Jimt Ir" your- ,  self, now." , |  The girl   took  up  (tt c-itthig curt ^,-ni-k I  where she had ii-ft. i* otr, and i.oon  i..-i I  th.- j  j paragraph loose in her hiind an i with (jintij  four he Haid coolly : a true tidi/e to it,  "' Well, there's half of .them.' j     "It's about   a  fri-ind    of   mm" g-tting  '���������'When he received thi forty-eight ' married," said the girl, making .vhltie  without having once flinched or murmured , w,ui of the item and and tuuk'ng it into her  the other 219 convict'! set up a cheir.   But   pi-,r������.e. ' i  thc staff surgeon turned on them and l.hun- !     ������< Thn i'n all right,'' ->aid the nice ubi :.vly, '  gun itself an axial rotary motion. The na.  lure of thi-i device h dhown in the accompanying  illuitriition.     It consists of a ro-  I���������:  ���������'''"'"  I'll flo������  dered:  " ' If you do not keep ailencrf,  every man of you.'  " There was another flogging on this  voyage, but i; did not take so sensational  a character.    An old convict  .STor.K a I'lKo::���������3r saw horse  i  mounted holder conuinir.-;/ the projec-  ind a .���������>pin.lie provide! with a b.-anng  we've till got to cornii to it some day,  my '  de.ir, or all nope to, anyway.   Here i-i yoi.r ,   ar;  knife." j tile  "Thank you,and thank, you for showing ' in n e rear, wall <>\ tr.e /;a*.:ng, by mean* ol  mo ho .-7 to uie it," said the girl. ' ' which the rotary rnov.-rnent, >o the project-  " Don't mention it, my dear," a.*.id tne ! lie ii exactly the -Minr-ai ia produced, by  nice old lad,;., "although, as niv grandson J the consUnt or in'.re.idiiig iwitl of an  siys, ' It's a trick, worth knowing.' And I ordinary rifled gun; and he m of tne opinion  out of the brine. What he proposed to do, may jusl, as well tell you that no matter if that trie adoption or his oy^lem, while  with it no one could imagine. Ho couldn't ! your knife were as keen as a razor or dull | giviug t<-[Uiil or e'.en uriprovi-d ar.-cufa'-y ot  eat. it; he couldn't cook or sell it. lie ; as���������well, dull ai this���������you cm alwayi  simply stole because he couldn't help it. j nut out a piece from a newip.vper wan  Ife got a couple of dozen to teach him to j neatnesH and despatch by keeping r.h.j Mi do  keep   his hands olf things. | flat."  " ��������� 'I hree or four dayi out from Portland I <v-   we lost a man overboard.      The first  man  in the  rescue   boat wai :i   cmvict, named  Porter,   who wai   n.No   irsrving n.   twenty  years'sentenc:.      He showed his courage,  ihutwa'1 not allowed to go out in the bout.  We  had  Dan Gretorex,   the great Scotch  forger,   aboard.       He alwivyn declared his  innocence,   and   indeed    wan   believed   by  most peoplo to be a victim of false-wearing  He wu   a well   educated  man  placed in. charge of the dispensary. He  himself aloof from the other conviots  English Will Soon Be Universal,  OLiditono   computus that    the  speaken of the ICnglisli language  creased from J 5,000,000 to 105,000,000 dur  ing the last 100 years, .and   that   they will  number 120,000,000 by the end of the yenr  1000.    At that  rate of  increaio,   which i<*  and   wa=) i seven-fold  each century, inch speakers will  held j include not   lost   than   840,000.000   by  the  and I end of the year MOO.  fir>,-, will redu'j'; the co*iv o; n.-ivy guns !*y  oni h*lf ond ,vid :u'ly i00 p.;r j..-i.t. to their  enduranc*.  rr.p.y. v.ll.z.  Bo-iidc-i containing *ri������- gfifrr.i of ferment*  habitual i ation rmik fl oqu������:riMy -'.-r\fi ai Ut������ medium  have' in- I '"&���������" ''-1" tr.inimi.ifli'>" of ������.i-,h ipr-cifie di>i'*a������<"i  ai typhoid .'ever and t,<i\n-rr \ih,-<'u. Tli>*  reiearcin'-i of rcienl yean h.ivn shown that  it H practically e my to ilrnlioy th" vnrioui  pathof/cn.c (/firms by ''nodr-ratf licit.hut, '.iv  germs of fermentation, winch aro the c niwri  ff such a high degree of n.ortulit v in in-  fiints, are not ho readily got rid of.    Various  CHARLE3 FREDERIC WORTH.  Oenfli of (lie Fnnuiiit .11.in DrontmaUfr���������  He w:ii Knglisli Kuril, ICitl' .lliulc Fame  uikI Foriiinx in 1'nrts.  A despatch from Paris says :'���������Worth,  the famous "man dressmaker," is dead.  The cause of death was congestion of the  lungs. 'J  Charles   Frederick   Worth  was born in  Uourne,  Lincolnshire,    Englaud,   iu  1823.  At the age of thirteen he  was   apprenticed  to a printer, his parents being dosirous that  he should learn that trade, but ho   evinced  a strong hostility   to handling  type, and  abandoned the printing ofiice after he   had  served about seven months.    Ho then went  to London, and through the assistance of a  friend secured a position in a draper's shop,  which position he left to enter the employ-'  ment of Swan aud Edgar, drapers,   where  he    became a favorite.    He first conceived  the idea of designing fashions through conversation with  the buyers   of   Swan   and  Edgar, and   frequently made   suggestions  which   the   heads ,of   departments    were  not, slow to see iu a favourable light.     The  more he talked with the  buyers, the more  he resolved to go  to. Paris, and so   began  the   study   of   French.    When about   '21  years he went to Paris,  and  shortly  after  his arrival iu that city secured, a  position  with  Gagelin and Company,  and in a.,few  years was placed at the head of a department.    In his new capacity he inaugurated  mauy new departures.    While in   the   employ of Gagelin and Company  ho   received  medals for displays at   the   Londou   anil  Paris   Expositions.    Later he   established  the firm of Worth and Boberc, and in 1870  founded the famous house'of Worth.'    His  fame as a dressmaker abounded, anil among  the  muny   admirers  of his skill  was   the  ex-E'iipress Eugenie, for whom he mide a  great many elegant  drissos.    It has   been  said that while Puris   rules  ihe  world  iu  fashion,   the   man   who  ruled   Paris, -M.  Worth,  was   a  Lincolnshire  lad,   so   that  really it was an   Englishman  who wivb   the  arbiter of the world's fashion.  NEWFOUNDLAND AFFAIRS.  Tonus   Asked for Ci.nfcdornllon with   I In  II-OlllllllOIl. 0  A despatch from St. John's, Nflil,, says:���������  Tne delegates who are going to Canada in  order to confer with the Dominion Govern  meat on the question of confederation left  here by the steamer Grand Lake on Tuesday  evening. .. -  The terms to he submitted by (ho Newfoundland delegates are ������700,000 for the  administration of the Local Government  and civil service depirtinents, $1,000,000  for harbor improvements, steam arid mail  service, railn ads, etc., and Newfoundland  to have power by a plebiscite to accopt or  refuse confederation.  Mcsnrc. White way, Bond, and Emerjon  had, in'ended starting on the steamer for  Canada on Monday to arrange the icrms of  i oiifi/'i-sr.*.' ion, hut both Sir Wilii.uu  VVniteW.iy and Mr. Bond arc ill with U  gnppe, and Hie former ii confined to his  bftf.     In  coiH'-viiii-iico    tho   delegates  will  not n.ul for Gtnada   for a  coup  le of weeks.  AftclrJcntal Jolco on Victor! .  Biihoji Wiiiain lloyd Carpenter,of liipoii,  Ki.glnri.l, n !h'i uiuirt pr-iacher. When  nilied how h". ma-i i-^'-d to addre-m so exult*  fd a p"r'nii:ig.������ ui '.he. H'.i'crcigii and yet  rn-nritf'-in lw .'oinp'imrp, he iep.ie.1 that lie  itii>*w theio would |,>* j.ri'-ont tho Queen,  the prim ri', the h'iiii"'l.olil, the Sirv.inti,  down to tho icull.-ry iri.ud. "And," said  the Bi'ihop, "I pi each to the scullery maid  and tbe Qu*:������n understands me."  nnirB  IF  The Sittl'ngr-Room. '  ", The family sitting-room should be the  coziest, sunniest, prettiest room in the  whole house, for it is here much of the  home life' is spent and where the en ire  family oftenest meet. Environment has  such a marked effect on people that we can  readily see why their surroundings should  be as pleasant aB possible���������refined, elevating, and happy.  ( In choosing the sitting-room give first  choice to a well-lighied location, and second, to a largo, airy room. There must be  a place for mother's tall work-basket aud  low rocker, for father's.,big eaBy chair, for  the commodious couch, for the centre table  with its magazines and papers, the, hanily  bookrack, aud besides these, places for all  the young people and their ainusemeut-i ;  so that the room must needs bo large.  Having chosen the room, the furnishings  must next bo'considered.' The walls may  be tinted, but a pretty' paper harmonizing  wiih the general toue of carpet and furniture is , much bettor. As to the floor, a-  hardwood floor with numerous rugs is to be  preferred, but are not always practicable  in tho country. Let the carpet bo a body  brussels if rhe purse is , long enough, and  with neutral colors predominating. Nothing is more barbarous than a conspicuous  carpet. A pretty rag carpet is better than  a cheap ingrain, which will hold the. dual.  The windows should be caverod with  opaque shades, and then with full-length  dotted swiss or other wash-curtains. < Sash  curtains may also be used if desired.  Abundance of light is a necessity both by  day,and night.. A largo hanging lamp in  the centre of the room over the centre table  is a good idea, but it'will not furnish sufficient light'for a number of people difler-  ently employed at .the same time. , A big  lamp on another table ie often, used, or a  smaller one on the work table.  If there be a bay window in the room it  will be just lovely fixed in this way, and it  will give oue of tho boys a chance to exhibit  his skill in carpentry: Get pine boards  about a foot.and a half wide and saw them  to fit the nitles of the window; miter the  corners nicely and make the seat extend all  the way around the window. Urace them  well so that they may be firm and serviceable. Now let the daughter make cushions  covered with.crotoune to just fit, aud then  put a valance around it reaching to the  iloor. This makes a comfortable nook.  ' Plenty ol cushions in the chairs and on  the couch make them inviting. These may  be made of cretonne or doiiuu, and stutied  with excelsior if feathers are not to be had.  Any furniture store keeps excelsior, and  enough may be purchased for a few cents  to stuil' half a dozen cushions. ���������  Let there be books in the room, not necessarily a large and expensive collection.  Better paper covers than nono at all.'', Books  that the children read every day, picking  them up at odd moments. They should be  selected with care, for every book has an  influence,.and it it be of the wrong kind,  wili take much longer to eriidioate than it  did to instil.  ,'Keep games on hand for the,young poo-  ple. There aro many to be obtained, and  thev afford mauy evenings of arnusomenc  in the winter. Parchesi, chess, checkers,  dominoes, authors, fortune-telling, cards,  and playinK cards are^a few of the more  common games. Then there are innumerable puzzles, many to be found in the newspapers.  If there are musical instruments in the  house, and it is not practicable to have another room where the children may practiso,'  let them lso be in the sitting-room. And  don't forget that other sweet musician, a  bird. These cheery little songsters brighten'  many a tired"one by their music, '  Whatever else there is or is not, there  should bo a tall work-basket and stand for  mother. She is always stitching away on  trousers that will get holes in them'and  stockings that simply refuse to cover tho  active,feet. If she has nothing hut around  basket to keep her sewing articles in, a  stand can be made by taking three broom  sticks aud cutting them to the required  height. Then cross them and uail lirmly  together. Gild them with gold paint or  paint white.* Then fasten tho basket to the  top by pretty ribbon, making bows over  each leg of the stand. Tie a big bow where  they are nailed together,' and a tasteful  stand is the result. It i<3 so much easier to  work with than the low one. ,  Flowers are always bright in a sitting-  room, and'the care of them" serves to  shorten the dull, cheerless winter. The  bay' window or another window may bo  utilized for them. Two or three (lowering  plants u pretty pots to use on the dining  tubleshould always be kept. A hanging plant  in a bracket on each side of the window is  very pretty when the vines have grown t,o  be a foot or eighteen inches long. Also a  large hanging basket in the centre ,of tho  window. The housewife, with a little ingenuity, will manage to construct ' some  kind of plant shelves on caBtors, so they  can bo easily moved. The kinds of flowers  cultivated will depend upon what is available If there is no greenhouse iu tho  vicinity, those who have flowers in their  homes are always, willing lo give slips to  friends.  Many tasteful decorative articles may bo  added to   tho room as there is time found  sifted.    Bake   in a   moderate oven  about  forty minutes.  Buckwheat Cakes.���������The best buckwheat  cakes, it is said, are made with the addi- -  tion of corn meal flour and oatmeal flour to  the buckwheat is this proportion : Three  cups buckwheat, one aud a, half cups oatmeal,flour, or if this'cannot'be obtained,  substitute graham flour in its place, and  half a 'cup corn meat; to this add a small  teaspooiiful salt, two l tbiespoonfuls molasses, aud lukewarm water sufficient to  from a batter; Etir through the flour well two  teaspoonfuls baking powder before wetting;  but these cakes r.ie much better raised over  night with yeast.   "  SPRING SMILES.  "Are you the boss here?*' Mr. Meekly���������r  "Do 1 look hkea man who would allow his  wife to got along wilnout a cook J"  ' Carleton���������"Did you'seo much champagne  flowing on your trip across the ocean ?"  Montauk���������"No; but I saw a tremendous ioo'  floo."  Hazel���������-"I  can't  realize,' old man, that  you aro a father?"   Nutte���������"Can't   you!  Come around and spend   tho   night   with  lne'" ��������� '    ,    , ' i  Love laughs at locksmiths,"so tliey say i"  But not at Iosks,  that's plain,  Foronco grim weilock shuts him in  He seldom laughs again.  " Hardnp (scribbles)���������"My dear fellow,  couldn't U lend mo a V?" Wiggins (scribbles below)-���������" My boy, yo'ii must  tliint I  ������maj!"  ." Have you named tho baby,yet?" "No;  hut my,husband has sent for three sots of  encyclopedias, aud wi may arrive at one  beforo long."     0 , ,  " is your sister succeeding well in her  elocution lessons?" "Beautifully; whenever she begins,to recite people get up and  leave."      , 0    ,,  Miss Logan Square���������"I suppose thistle  down is the lightest thing  in the world."  Miss D.amond Street���������" Did you ever hear  .  young Lighlhead iry to talk ?"  WigglesA."W*liy    did   they,,   call   it a  charity coucert, do you think ?'*,   Waggles.  ���������"I don't,know.    Possibly because it  is  so often necessary to bo charitable  toward   ,  the performers." , '  <, Old player���������"When next you try you  ivant to forgot everything but that you  are ''on the stHge." Amateur Slippupp���������  " That was just the trouble; I did forget  everything but that." .   '  The microbe wafted on the breozo,    '    \  Now m.akos his annual trip.  .   'And when the folks begin to snoezo,  We know he's brought his grip.  '<. '  Old Drywater���������" My boy, iu all creation  you'won't find any animal except man who  makes a habit of smoking." iToung Puffs���������  "Yes, srr'; but neither do ' I know any  other animal that cooks his meals !"    ,    o  "Man wants but little here bolow,"  Now, I'm inulinod to doubt it.  He gets but little ; wauls a pile, ,,  , And has to do without it.  '! Cousin Ethel, is Col.' Blazer a brave  soldier?" "Oh, I don't think he's afraid of  powder." "No, 1 don't think he is, for I  saw his nose against your faco luBt night."  The teacher���������',' If a man's salary is ������3 per  week',,how much will tho man have at tho  end of tho year?" The,alderman's son���������  "Anywhere between S8.0l.0and ������10,0001"  " It's nil uonsonso, dear, about,wedding  cake. I"put an enormous'picco under my  pillow and dreamed of nobody." ' " Well ?''  "And the next night Pate it and dreamed  of overybody. , '  Laugh,  aud thc world laughs with you ; ,  Veil, and the world yells, too.  But you'll most always find,  i      If your rent is behind^  You will have all the groaning to do.  Cholly Chumpy���������"I see that earrings  aro coming into fashion again. Have your  ears ever been bored ?" Miss Caustic���������  "What.a question. Haven't I often listened to your cwaddlo ?" ' ,,  The man who sighs for tho happy day  . When a barefoot boy ho ran  Is the same'old boy who used to say :  "I wiaht I wuz a mau."  Tom���������" If you had'tho privelege of kissing a pretty girl on the richt or loft cheek  which would you do ?" Dick ��������� "It would  be hard to make a choice, but between tho  two I should probably find a way out of  the dilemma."  ".Trimmins has a first-rate voice," said  the critic at the concert, "but he always  coinoa in behind time."' "Yos," replied  tho man who leuds money. "I guess it's '  force of habit. Trinunius' notes are always  overdue."  ������  '4  M  ti  '4  How to Treat the Drunkard.  this  Giver���������INiow I hope you wout upend  dinio for whiskey. _  Lame Waiker���������Good, kind sir, I want  you to realize your -hope, and I'll toll you  how you can do it; come into the saloon  anil set 'em up aud I'll save the dime for a  bed. i ' c   ,  Benefits of Hig-h Buildings.  Little, Miss Freckles���������Did youse move  up to the top floor because you is gottin'  poor ?  r Little Miss Mugg-i ���������Course not. Pop has  to mako them or money to buy them. The . g0t, interested in astronomy, and wanted  little things which add so much to a room j l0 he where ho could soe the moon close. '  are innumerable. Try to have some pictures on the walls, even though inexpensive, an they add much to the attractiveness.  Recipes.  Lemon or Vanilla Cookies.���������Two cups  sugar, one cup cottolone, three-fourths  cup sweet milk, two eggi.five cups of flour,  two teaspoonfuls of baking powder and a  little salt, which must be sifted into the  flour. Mix all together ami add lemon or  vanilla flavoring to losto. Koll very thin  and bake quickly.  Saratoga Chips.���������Peel and slice with  potato cutter six largo potatoes, pla:e iu  obi water for ono hour und a half, then  thoroughly dry with a clean.towel. Drop  each slice senarnely in a kettle of boiling  cottoleuo. Fry ui.til crisp and browu,  drain, and sprinkle with salt while hot. It  is best'to use a frying basket.  f.ady Cake. ���������Three-fourths of a cup oi  cottolene, three cups pastry flour, one tea-  spoonful baking powder, two teaspoonfuls  ro������e flavori'ng,(ot one of almond if preferred.) One-half cup of milk, the whites of  six eggi, one cup sugar. Beat the cottolene  and sug-ar to a cream, udd the flavoring,  milk, the whites oi eg.-s beaten to a stitf  froth, and then the flour, into which the  baking powder and a little salt must   be  o What He Had.  ,  Mrs. Highstyle ���������Have you any bleached  oysters ?  Denlet���������No, ma'am, but we have some  bleached maple sirup, with all the maple  taken out of it.  Emperor William will open the approaching States Council in person, and  will attend many of its meetings.  Iu Franco it is decided that the makers  ot bicycles are responsible for damages  when an accident occurs through a structural fault iu a machine.  All things with which we deal preach to  us. 'What is a farm'but a mute gospel?  the chaff and ,the wheat, weeds and plants  blight, rain) insects, sun���������it ia a sacred  emblem from tho first furrow of spring to  tho last stack winch the snow of winter  verUke-i in the field. ���������Emerson.  Nonsense, says Hudibras, is that which  is neither true nor false. Those two great  properties of nonsense, which are essential  to it, give it such a peculiar advantage, ovor  all other writings, that it is incapable of  being either answered or contradicted. In  a word, there are greater depths and obscurities, greater intricacies and perplexities iu an elaborate and well-written piece  of nonsense than in t.-o most abstruse? and  profound trastof schooAdivinity.���������Addison. THE   KOOTENAY   MAIL.  A Logr Feed Rack.  This homo made feed rack can be conducted any desired length. The lowe  portion is about seven feet wide. ' The  height depends on animals using it. The  must'reach' the bottom easily. The upper  part is of sufficient width to allow ample  room between the top log o the first part  and' the lower log of the second part for  stock', to roach , down , aud  get  the fctd.  ,   ''...' iV ~-'i'-������,-i>r,'*j <ib>W^-~j^itC--  KKj-i-7'jAiJ-':*.-  -&&S",  ^3fct������>iiSiS= c-x.'-^i^-,;*1^-  4lg>������������'^iL*.C-Siia -3*,= !���������  ��������� 1.00 feed rack*  This method is much more desirable than  throwing hay end other roughness upon  the ground. Nothing is wasted by being  pulled out and trampled under foot. 1 uc  a large load of hay into this rack. *-aa  stook eat it from the bottom as needed and  tho upper portion settles down as the feed  is taken from beneath. ;. ,  with fertilizers, though sometimes the chicks  will appear healthy.hut do not grow. Very  young chicks when fed on corn meal are  often attacked with bowel diseases. The  safest plan to adopt for cure ia to immediately change the food to an entirely  different kind. Some may claim that they  have raised chicks on corn meal, which is  true, but only when the chicks have an  opportunity to ��������� forage and secure insects  and wcrms. Exclusive corn'meal is only a  partial and incomplete food.  '' "A  A STREET RUNAWAY.  i i  The Almost Fatal: Eliding or an Accident,  And h. I":ii>j>j- Keunlon.  The newspapers ref red to it under the  caption, "A Street' Runaway." The  physician said it would be, fatal. The  victim'dictated a dispatch :  Jean, I am   dying..,  Will  you   forgive,  and come?    ���������  David.    '  3.'he lightning express swung  on at its  fifty miles an hour.    The  cats rattled and  rocked. ' The landscape  flew  by like the  pictures of a dream.    But the motion was  as the  pace  of  a  snail  beside   tho eager  IAHUSORIPT TREASURES,  beating of her heart  i  " Forgive I Forgive !  and come '"-was the only voice she,heard  in the roar, and dash, and confusion all  about her.  Forage Crops for Dairy Cows.  ,GraBS���������green/Bucculcnt grass���������including  clover, is the most perfect forage for cows,  writes a 'correspondent.' Good pasture  grass makes, a ration balanced just right for  a milk-producing food. It is also palatable  and easily digested-^-qualities that are indispensable. But we have gcod pasture  ' only a small part of the year. Grass grows  "well.in May and June, then comes' the he������t  and draught of midsummer, with its short  pasture ; or, if the number of stock is small  in proportion,to,,thc size of the pasture,  with, at best.'ita tough and.dried up grass.  In tho latter part of summer or in tho fall,  we may have auother spell of good pasturo  if we are fortunate enough to have plenty  ' of rain. .. '  It is certain, if we expect to get the best  results and most profitout of the dairy business, the pasture must be supplemented for  at least partof the summer with other food.  't havo come to  relying legs   and 'less   on  ' pasturo as the years go by and land grows  more valuable.   < In fact,   I doubt it  being  good policy   to .pasture any if   the whole  farm is good, tillable land, worth from fifty  "to one hundred 'dollars an acre.'    If one has  ', rough land or low   land  that   is  not  well  adapted to cultivation,   of course we can  ��������� have it in permanent pasture, but we can  not expect it to carry cows all through the  itimmer without help..     t    "  On my own firm I have a permanent  pasture on land rather rough for convenient  cultivation, which contains about half as  many acres as 1 have head of stock.    Be-  . fore the cows are turned on, the grass, is  allowed  to get up so as to afford a good  . bite.    It   affords  nearly enough .food  for  , them������while the grass is growing the most  rapidly. But they are fed all summer other  forage 'in the stable night and morning ;  also a small grain ration, which I am sure  pays. The supplementary feeds aro green  rye, clover, green oats, iiometimes millet,'  second crop of clover, green fodder corn,  beginning with some early variety and ending with some late variety. These feeds  come along in the order I have named. If  there is more of each kind than is needed  to feed at the time, we cure it for winter  food.  Peas and oats make an excellent forage  in places where peas do well, but they do  not seem to flourish on the farm.  For winter forage I rely maiuly on  clover hay and the corn crop. Clover makes  the best bay for dairy cows if cut at tho  ���������right time, that is, when in full bloom and  sured in the right manner. Miliet makes  very good hay if  cut early   enough���������just  1 after it'is fairly headed out. Timothy is  poorer bay than either of the others for  cows. ,  ���������  The corn crop will provide more cow food  per acre than anything else. The silo is  the place to put'it. Good corn-ensilage  and olover hay,'a little dry corn fodder, a  very littla straw, and about ten pounds a  day of wheat bran and gluten meal is what  my cows are having this winter, and they  are doing nicely. *  I have never practised putting up corn  ensilage,for Bummer food, but I know of  ���������some that do with excellent results. Tho  cows will leave the best of pasture and eat  the ensliage greedily and produce a largo  amount of milk. I believe thixt more profit  cau be made dairying without pasturing at  ��������� all, if the farm is all good tillable land, by-  putting in nearly all the farm to corn and  cloverand feeding ensilage every day iu the  year. Asensilagedoes not make a perfectly-  balanced ration ������or milk production,clover  should alwaysk be fed with it. The cows  should also have other protein foods, such  as wheat bran, oil meal,or cottonseed meal.  I am certain that in this way there would  be no,, trouble-, in keeping; one cow to  each acre of good land, or in producing  300 pounds of butter per acre, and "have  the farm growing richer instead of poorer.  . I should expect, of course, that all the  products of the farm should be fed to the  cows and none sold off in the shape of  grain. But I should also expect that the  hogs and calves fed on the skim milk  would bring' enough to buy tho foods  necessary to feed that were not grown on  the farm.  Feeding Corn Meal.  While it may be admitted that corn is a  staple food, and corn meal the cheapest'and  most convenient material in general use pa  most farms, yet it is not the best food for  chicks, nor is corn the best for fowls. In  tho winter, when the wdiathor is cold1 and  the birds should be kept warm, theu corn  is tho material for that purpose,ns it is rich  in carbon and creates warmth, but for  growing chicks it is insufficient. It must  bo considered that unloss the growing chick  is supplied with all the elements necessary  for assisting in tho formation of bone and  muscle it will gradually droop and die  without apparent cause,in the sumo manner  that a  plant  withers  when  not  provided  He touched earth once more in the endless' flight of delirium, and felt a hand on  his forehead.- He seemed standing with  her'again under she apple trees by the  Maumee,   ,, _ '   ���������  "David I am here." Tho white apple  blossoKiSr.vanisb.ed, aud the white ceiling  of the hospital was again above him. She  saw the recognition in his eyes, and, with  an arm gently held -about his neck, she  laid her face against his haggard cheek  and whispered : " Not a word, David, my  boy���������my poor, poor boy. I was yours, aud  alwsys "yours. .1. only learned, the full  leebon when you were ' gone. Oh ! if God  were good, he would let ma go into tho  grave with you 1"'        *"*  And he could only whisper, " I knew it  would come 1 No anger and no trouble  can keep asunder the hearts that God hath  touched as one.=^=I shall die, now, iu the  sacredness of that belief." ���������    ,     '- ,  She gathered all her soul into one plea,  and poured it forth : " Come back to me,  David I    Come back 1"  Ho waa sinkiug into tho deep, deep  shadows. But tho desolation of her' cry  .thrust itself into every fibre of his being,  and ho took a supremo hold on life, and  death was-baffled and beaten back from his  proy.' '        -    ,  The apple blossoms were indeed above  them ' this time, and the broad Maumee  rolled at their feet. She was in white, and  orange blossoms circled her hair. There was  a crutch beside him that would be his companion to the grave, out there was no  "bitterness in Ins heart toward it. He  simply laid his hand upon it and said : "It  was fate- that gave mo thie.^ Because I  lean upon it, 1 havo gained you also to  lean upon in "our walk through time, aud as  we go together up the loug avenues of eternal life."'   .       c      "  She answered " Your cry,' forgive and  como 1'pierced like a spear-thrust through,  my pride and stubborness. Ir. saved me  from a sacrifice and' a sacrilege���������from a  loveless marriage of pride , and wealth  together.' ' It showed me the path back to  love and happiness and you���������aud God has  been'very good !"  Then the bells chimed in the tower of  the church, tho', children saug, and sweet  showers of white sprinkled down from the  apple trees.       , ,.       '   '  INTERESTING   DOCUMENTS   FOUND  IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM.  Letters from r.T.in������us M<*n and Women  That Hake Historical. rersoJiaues Seem  Akin to thc Tlultor���������The Oriental Ex:  blblis. ,   ,In the bewildering' maze of the "British"  Museum, where many miles of shelves and  cases are filled with world's treasures, there  is one' little room that attracts a greater  number of visitors that any other. The  crowds that throng about the cases in this  room are composed of persons of curiously  diverse characteristics. It is a centre of  interest for scholars and literary people,  and yet seems as attractive to the least  learned of the visitors. The room contains  the department of auto0raphs', and manuscripts, and the treasures displayed in it  are pcrhapB the most' humauly interesting  n the whole museum.  Here are all manner' of writings by the  hands of the world's great men of many ages  aud countries. There are personal letters  of kings and'popes, queens, ministers, and  courtiers, whose names in hiptory, in atory,  and in song seem not to stand for real men  and women, but rather for legendary beings,  and these reveal in some homely phrase or  bit of simple^eutiment a couch of human  nature which seems to make them more  akin to those who curiously scan the letters  to-day.' Here one may come, as it seems,  to actual acquaintance with the most notable of the characters in Shakespeare's  historical dramas, and get a new reading,  in,the quaint original, of passages in  works. Here are charters and  documents that tell  ' Voir.UMKS OF HISTORY     ,  in a few lines ; letters of the great religious reformers, of statesmen, generals,  documents, many of the letters from husband to Wife or Werto sweetheart, show  famous personages iu a very,different light  from - that in which tiiey are commonly  seen in the pages of history.   <*  There is one letter of George Washington's written when he was yet a Colonel in  the service of King George III. It is dated  wholly by herself, in long, thin, sprawling  characters. There are also letters <��������� of a  more or less private nature written by  Charles I., by his son, Charles II., by Mary  Queen of Scats,, the Pretender, all the  Georges and William?, and most of, the  other English Kings.  Of letters by famous persons other than  royalties, having reference to important historical events, there is wondrous wealth.  There is the originil letter written by  Archbishop Cranmer to Cromwell, Wolsey's  ^faithful servant, thanking him for obtaining the'King's permission that the Bible  should be publicly sold and read throughout  the lealm. Letters written by Martin  Luther, John Calvin, and Melancthon are  also to be seen and read.' There are personal epistles by Sir -Walter Raleigh, Sir  (Thomas More, .Michael Angelo, Albrecht,  Durer, Rubens, Van Ityck^ Rembrandt,  Bacon, Galileo, Sir Ifaac Newton, Moliere,  Dryden, Swift, Addison, Pope, Goldsmith,  Sterne, Dr. Johnson, Boswell, Garrick,  Kemble, Southey, Coleridge, Wordsworth,  Lamb, Hood, Lytton, and very many ot\er  famous men. All the letters give in some  way or another a revelation regarding the  authors, and literary students visit the  department day after day to read and reread tbe letters.    The collection of  THE HELD Of  his  State  0    SOME   LATE CABLES.  Crew or the "VUiMuwer ttew.*.ril������M"���������The  New Orleans Jlnnlers���������At the Hoard  oTTradB Winner���������Prof.   Klm-lclc's Will.  The'Mayor of .Lowestoft ha3 publicly  presented to the crew of the ,fishing boat  Wildflower, which picked up the survivors  of the steamer Elbe, the sum of ������75. Tho,  amount was subscribed in response to an  appeal made by the Mayor. The crow'were  also presented with a photograph of the  surviving officers of * the Elbe, wh'ch was  sent with a letter expressing the gratitude  of the North German Lloyd Co. One  hundred pounds will be privately, presented-  to the crew.  The Daily News, commenting on the race  riots at New Orleans, says :���������Negi-oes'are  now being lynched,in bulk in New Orleans.  If it were not for the look of the thing  they might as well return to their ancestral seats in Dahomey. Now Orleans is a  more reapectoble addreeB than Dahomey,  but the customs of the two localities are  much the same.  Robert William Dale, the celebrated  preacher, author and lecturer, is dead.  The Colonial Office and Treasury are considering James . E. Huddart's project' for  the new Canadian Pacific steamship line to  Australia, and will give a decision soon.  The Queen, accompanied by the Princess  Beatrice, atcr'.ed f .om Windsor at 10 o'clock  on Wednesday forenoon for Portsmouth on  route for Nice. Ex-Empress Frederick will  occupy Buckingham Palace during the  Queen's absence.  Prof. Bryce, President of the Board of  Trade, said at ihe dinner of the Associated  Chambers of Commerce that .signs of a  business revival were multiplying everywhere, especially in the United States  since the settlement of the tariff question.  Thos. F. B-iyard, United States Ambassador, spoke in behalf of tho visitors. He  was uuable to say anything as to ' the  changes iu the American tarirf, he remarked, beyond expressing his satisfaction that  they had proved beneficial. He devoted  some time to the rules of the Bea as set forth  by the Washington conference.  Henry M. Stanley answered the toast,  "Geographical Travel aud the Foundation  of Commercial Enterprise." "Many places  await tho coming of our travelers," he said,  , "but I fear .we do not "Understand chit, as  '(well as do Germany and the United States."  Mr. Stanley referred also lo Germany's  competition with Great Britain in Australasia and Africa.  The will of the late Prof. John Stuart  Black ie leases ������4,000 for a modern Greek  library in Edinburgh University.  ' The Scotch Association of dealers engaged in. the mineral oil trade held a meeting  at Glnsgow on Wednesday afternoon and  discussed the question of increasing . the  summer price of burning oils a farthing a  gallon. The meeting favored the increase,  but deferrod; a definite'decision-until the  end of April-  atFortOuti-benaiTd, Aug. 28, 1758, where  he was then camped, in command of the  English i troops engaged in. operations  against the French, aud is addressed to  Bric.-GeD. H. Bouquet. He complains of  the'inactivity, of which " we aro all of us  most heartily tired and sick," and says,  "1 could wish most sincerely thii't our rout  was fixed that we might be in motion."  ' There are autographs of almost all the  English sovereigns who have reigned iu the  last five hundred years. The signatures  of the kings who figure in, Shakf speare's  dramas, together with many of the dukes,  earlB, and nobles who walk the stage with  them, are to be seen, and in many instances  in documents that recall some of the most  striking parts of the plays. "Richard  Gloucestre,", afterward Richard III. ;  " Harre Hokyngham," the ill-fated Buckingham, and " K. Edwardus' .Quint us" are  all on one slip of vellum, cut from a volume  of state papers of the date 1483.  All the leading characters of Shakespeare's "benry Vlll." are represented by  autograph letters. There is a letter from  Henry VIII. to "myne swire good Cardi-  nall," written in March, 1518, when \\ ol-  se'y was at the summit of his greatness and  in'highest favor with the fickle King.  "Surly yow have so substancyally- orderyd  oure maters bothe off thys syde-the see and  byonde." wrote the King, "that iu myne  oppynion lityll or no thyug can be addydi "  H<> signs himself "your lovying master,  Henry R." Close b ice this is a pathetic  letter written by  '     ' CARDINAL WOLSEV '       ,  after his disgrace, dated March 9, 1530, to  Stephen, afterward Bishop of W inchester,  but intended for the King's tyo, in which  he says : ','"1 trust yt wole now please his  Maie3te to showe hyapety,oompassyon,and  bowntuose gooJnes towardes me without  suueryng me any leynger %o lye langwysh-  yng and consumyng awey throwth thys  myn extreme sorowe and hevyues." The  letter is subscribed, "with the rude hand  of your   dayly   bedysman,   T.   Cordinalis  Ebon"'   ' " ,    ,   ,   '  There is an affectionate motherly letter  from the wronged Queen Katherine to her  daughter, the,Princess Mary, expressing  pleasure at the daughter's success in her  studies, and telling her that "it shal be a  grete comfort to me to see you kepe your  Latten and fayer writing and all." It is  signed, "your loving mother, Katherinea  the qwene." BeBide this is a letter from  Anne Boleyn to Cardinal Wolsey concerning her coming marriage to Henry VilL,  thaukh-g the Cardinal "for the great payu  and travell that your,grace doth take in  stewdying by your wysdome and gret  dvlygens how to bryng to pas honerably the  greiystwelth that is possible to come to  any creature lyvyng," and promising "that  afler this matter is brought to pas you shall  fynd me, as I am bownd in the meane tym,  lo owe' you my servyse, and then looke  what thyng in this .world I can inmagen to  do you pleasor in, you shall fyntl mo the  gladdyst woman in the world to do yt."  There are two notable letters written by  Oliver Cromweli, which show the great  commoner in different lights. One is to'  Lord Fairfax, announcing the capture of  'Wexford, and in it he says. 'The Lord  shewes us great mercya heere, indeed Hee,  Hee only, gave this stronge towne of Wexford into our handes." "The other letter is  to his "lovinge wife," in which, after speaking affectionately of several members of his  family, he beseeches her to " Minde poore  Bettie of the Loid3 late great mercae," and  continues : " Oh, I desire her not only to  seeke the Lard in her necessitye, but indeed  and in truth to turne to the Lord and to  keepe closoe to him." The handwriting is  small, clear, and regular.  A curious pair of documents are counter  proclamations by  LADY JANE GRAY, AKD QUEEN MARY,  both announcing their succession to the  throne of England. The one by Lady Jane  Grey is dated from the Tower of London,  and requires allegiance against the " layned  and unirewe clayme of the Lady Marye,  bastard daughter of our great uncle Henry  th' eight." It is signed "Jane, the Queue."  Mary's proclamation denounces " the ladie  Jane, a quene of a new and pretie Inveu-  cion.'' There are other pathetic letters by  Lady Joue, written from her prison in the  Tower, all of which she signs "Jane l.he  Qiieen."  The one letter in,the room written by  Elizabeth i* iu   French  and   was   written  , LITERARY RELICS,  as distinct by Eimple letters by famous  authors is especially interesting.- Thore is  the original agreement by which "John  Milton, gentleman," sold the copyright of  "a Poem, intituled Paradise Lost" to  Samuel Symmons, printer, for the sum of  ������5. This however, was, not ' the total  amount he got for the poem. He receded  ������18 from the sale of subsequent editions,  making his pay ������23. Ono vof the three or  four existing signatures of Shakespeare is  also to be seen. It is attached to a mortgage deed, and is written "Wm. SHAKSPa."  Milton's Bible, containing family records  in his handwriting, is in a case'near by.  There is a volume ot the original draft of  Pope's translation of the Iliad and Odys-'  aey, in.his own handwriting, written for  the most part on the back of letters addressed to himself. Other notable treasures  are the original manuscript <of Burns's  song, " Here's a health to theni that awa,"  and Gray's "Elegy," some manuscript  musio by Handel, Haydn, and Beethoven,  and poems by Goethe and Schiller.  1 Of great genorals and admirals, like  Wellington and Nelson, documents associated with their most notable achievements  are exhibited. There are shown the last  letter written by Nelson, dated on board  the Victory, on the eve of the battle of  Trafalgar, addressed to' his wife ; arid a  letter by Wellington concerning, tho  arrangements for the Peninsular campaign.  Of the great statesmen, such as Pitt, Fox,  Burke, Warren Hastings, Olive, Waipole,'  Hampden, and Churchill, autograph letters  connected in some way with their greatest  work are to be seen.' Tho collection of  HISTORICAL  DOCUMENTS,     '  charters, and, the like is'very valuablp,  reaching back to the time of Alfred the  Great. All that remain's of the Magna  Charta, 'which was burned with many  other documents in a fire in tbe museum in  1731, is preserved in a special 'case, to be  seen only by speciil permission. It is the  most precious of England's national heirlooms. The bull of Pope Leo X.; conferring  on Henry VIII. ,the title of Defender of  theFaith.a title Qiieen Victoria still holds,  was almost destroyed by the same fire, but  some of it yet remains.  Leaving the cases containing,, special  letters of great men for those in'which are  preserved miscellaneous ' manuscripts, the  visitor is simply dazed by the extent and  value of tho collection. The department  contains more than 9,000 volumes of nwau-  scripts written in Oriental languages,.>and  each one is either a rare work in itself,, or  representativs of a particular type. 'There  aro more than a hundred ancient Greek,  Coptic, and Latin papyri, and 40,000 other  volumes of variouB kinds. While most of  these are interesting only to the scholar,  many of the Oriental exhibits have a  peculiar interest" for,! the merely curious  visitor. One Pali manuscript is engraved  in beautiful characters on twenty-five leaves  of silver. Another is written on lacquered  palm leaves with inlaid letters of mother-  of-pearl.' Another is written on ft sheet of  gold, and others on ivory. The favorite  material for this class of manuscripts is  palm leaves, and some of the volumes consist of several hundred such leaves bound  in covers of ivory.  Some, Items of Interest to the Business Man.  The gold reserve of the United States  Treasury now aggregates  SSS,000,000.  Forty-two cars of nickle matte left Sud  bury last week for Constable Hook,   M. Y  They averaged 40,000 -lbsi to the car.  Egga are very scarce on^Toronto market  with sales of case lots of. limed at 20 cents  Fresh eggs are firm at 25c. to 26c. in a  jobbing way.  , Canadian securities' are quiet and , firm  in London. Toronto 34 per cents, sold at  96, Montreal 3&'s at 94, and Dominion 3's  at 100.' Hudson's Bay is unchanged at 13.  The decrease in stocks of wheat iu  America last week was only '715,000  bushels, much less than had been expected.  The amount afloat to Europe is 34,950,000  bushels as against 31,280,000 bushels a  year ago. , ���������' ,     .  Sterliug exchange is higher at New York  but gold exports are not anticipated at  present. , The net exports of cold since  January 1st amount- to S20,339,000, as  against 53,341,000 the corresponding period  of last year.  ' The money markets are unchanged. Both  in Toronto and in Montreal call loanB aro  quoted at 4 per'cent., and prime commercial paper is discounted atC to 6f< per cent.  At New York call loans are quoted, at 1^  to 2, and at London at J fro 14 per cent.''  The-Toronto cattle market returns show  receipts of cattle during Jan. and Feb. of  13,643 head, as compared with 8,776 for a  like period last year.. Entries of sheep  were 9,199 for January and February, 1895,  and 6,435 in 1694 ; of hogs, 14,685 in 1S95  and 14,253 in 1894.      "'   .  ' The Pall Mall Gazette says another attempt is being made to unite the petroleum  producers in Russia under the auBpices' of  nobles aud the French Rothschilds, aud  thus create a monoply. There will be a  meeting of producers with this object' aomo  tin*e within the present month,,. The project is favored by the Russian Ministry of  Finance. .      -  v  Petroleum,"certificates 'have nominally  advanced although on, business ensued,  while refined advanced 20 points to 6.30,  with good demand. An enormous purchase  of American oil waB madeby an Austrian  concern, which has heretofore secured its  petroleum from Russia. . Exports continue  heavy, from New York alone thus far the  year exceeding 75,000,000 gallons of refined.  Runs continue to exceed deliveries about  25,000  barrels   per day, and consequently  PEARLS OF TRUTH.  Solitude, seeming a sanctuary, proves a  grave ; a sepulchre in which the living lie.  where all good qualities grow sick, and.die.  ���������Cowper. , ,'  It is an eternal truth in the political as  well as the mystical body, that " whore  one member suffers all the members suffer  with it.','���������Junius.  Courtesy of temper, when it is uied to  veil churlishness of deed, is but a knight's  girdle around the brei.st of a base clown.  -Walter Scott.  To know a man observe how he wins his  object, rather than how he loses it ; for  when we fail, our pride supports ; when1  we succeed, it betrays'us.���������Cotton.  If, instead of a gem, or even a flower,  wc could cast tho gift of a lovely thought  into the heart ot a friend, that would .be  giving as the angels give.���������G. Mucdoiiahl.  Lie in the lap of sin and not mean harm?  It is hypocrisy against '.he devil: They  that mean virtuously, and yet do so, the  devil their virtue tempts, and they tempt1  heaven. ���������Shakespeare.  To be a good traveler argues one no ordinary philo-ipher. A sweet landscape  must sometimes atone for an indifferent  supper, aud an interesting ruin charm  away the remembrance of a hard bed.���������  Tuckermau.  Delicacy of ta3te has tho same effect as  delicacy of passion; it enlarges tho sphere  both of our happiness and misery, aud  makes us sensible to pain as well ai pleasures, which escape ,the rest of mankind���������  Hume.  The great momonts of life are but moments like the othars. Your doom is  spoken in a word or two. A single look  from the eyes, a mere prossure of the hand,  may decide it; or of the lips, though they  cannot spiak.���������Thackeray.  Wherever desirable superfluities are imported, industry is excitad, and thereby  plenty is produced. Were only necessities  permitted to be purchased, men would  work no more than was necessary for thai  purpose.���������Franklin.  Once well at homo, reform will radiate  outward, irrepressible, into all that wo  touch and handle, speak and work, over  kindling new light by incalculable contagion, spreading in geometric ratio, far and  wide doing oniy good 'wherever it spreads,  and not evil.���������Carlyle,  prices are expected to retain the advance.  The Standard Oil Company has made  further purchases of oil producing territorys  this time the wells being located in West  Virginia.     , ( ..     ,   '  SalfS of coffee options at the exchange  seem,to be getting back to tho large vol-  lume.of busmess transacted during January  iu New York, but are still irregular,' two  good days being usually partially balanced  by one of less activity. Tho aupplv of choice  quality mild grades is still insufficient and  cargoss are frequently sold before arriving.  Another fractional advanceoccuiredon Tuesday, taking the quotation within half a cent  of last'vear's figures'. The American stock of  Bazil coffee has declined about 50,000 bags'  during the week,' but owing to a corresponding loss last year, the .comparison  shows no greater deorease. ,   ,  Trade conditions at Toronto aro unchanged. Merchants speak 'in a hopeful  strain with regard to the future. Mauy  nave rbduced their lines of discount, and  owing to cautiousness in making purchases  are better prepared for contingencies that  may arise before there is any marked increase in the volume of business. Country  roads are yet in a bad state in many sections,  which restrict the movement of produce,  but they will improve with fine weather. A  good trade was done last week in'millinery  and fancy goods, while an increasing business is expected in general dry goods. The  hardware trade is in fairly good shape, and  grocers are hopefuL ��������� Tne enchanced value3  of coarse grains, dreBScd hogs, etc., are  encouraging to farmers. Large exports of  eggs to tbe States have cleaned up stocks,  and the wool market is in good shape.  Manufacturers and importers would like to  see the elections over, 'and tho tariff  question sot at rest. If these Iwere  over there is every reason to believe  that confidence would assert itself ��������� and  result iu improvement. Bmks have considerable idle capital at present. Call loans  on prime securities are negotiated at 4 per  cent., and the best, commercial paper at 6  to 6h per cent. ��������� The open discount rate iu  London is 3 lower at IJ, while the Bank of  England rate continues at 2 per cent., where  it lias stood for more than a year. Sterling  exchange is firmer in sympathy with the  high rates existing in New York,'and ex-  clianee is firmer at about par on Now York.  Bank shares are inclined to heaviness, the  most marked decline beiDg in Commerce.  There is, however, very lutle trading in  this class of security. After a moderato  decline, British oonsoh have become Prmer,  closing yesterday at 104']-.    ,  Taper Hosiery.  Paper gloves and hosiery aro named as  among the very latest novelties.' Stockings  which sell at three cents a'pair aro proposed  In fact tho experiment of making paper  stockings has been going on tor several  months, and tho party engaged therein  believes that paper mittenB or gloves would  possess advantages iu their season. The  goods are light and airy and very comfort  able m summer. When finished and dyed  their appoarance is similar to ordinary  tahric goods. The knitting is from pupor  varnB. The paper yarns are ma.lo pretty  much after'the plan of making common  paper twines, except that the fornfer aro  put through certain .special processes. The  principle is that of making a sort of a nap  on the" yarns. This is done automatically.  Ordinary paper twine or yiirn is too smooth,'  but a good gigging up gives the yarn a nap,  und this imparts softness. After the knitting has been done tho goods are placed in  a sizing bath made from-potato starch and  tallow, which imparts solidity and durability to tho texture. Wilh paper passenger  car wheels, paper water pails, why not  paper socks and stockings ?  Mrs. Ncwrich���������" I want a pair of the  dearest gloves you've got." Clerk ���������" How  long do you want them, madam?'' Mrs.  Nowrich���������"I want to buy them, young  man ; you don't think I wanted to rent  them, do you?"  This is a good motto,  .Not learned in a school:  "Take time by the forelock,"  And also l.he mule !  THE HORSE IN HISTORY.  Dig   nevelojuucut rroiti Ancient Ts men to  '   '   '  the Pr������-������eut.   ���������  The "History of the Horse" formed  the subject of an interesting address de������  livered by the Hon. L. N. Bouham to tha  Btudents of the Ohio State University some  time since.  The speaker did not discuss Professor-  Marsh's theory that the horse was etrolved  from a small, weak and awkward animal,  ready for man's ruse at creation. Moses  seems not to have considered the horse a  factor worth mentioning among the live  stock in the days of Adam. Egyptian civilization, however, honored him with a placa  on monuments aud works of art five hundred  years before he was referred to in the writings of the Israelites. Though they wan-,  dsrod in Arabia.the home of the noted Arab  horse, they took no interest in his develop- ,  ment. Six hundred years later thoy had  advanced out of tho nomad state, and  Solomon took to . horse3 and' mounted  cavalry from Egypt, after which Israel  dwelt safely from Dau to Beersheba.  The Mohammedan' conquests wore made  on the horso and by thvo horse. The Indians of America were feeble to resist or invade bo long as they had only dogs as their  beasts of burden. After they began to,  'draw horses from Mexico thoy were metamorphosed into horsemen'whoso power for  evil tlie history of our frontier attests.  ,, From the lowest to the highest civilization the horse has been made the power for  developing tho the resources of tho land, or  for deiense or invasion. Tho Greeks in  their highest civilization improved the  blood drawn from Egypt, To develop tho  endurance, speed, style and docility demanded in the horse which was to be tho  pride of kings and men of wealth races were.  iustituted which supersede! the" athletea  and boxers at the famous Grecian games.  Kings and men of wealth expended fortunes  in breeding and fitting horses for these  gamos; Gilon,, Hiero, Dionysiua and.  Alcibiade? were proud to traiii and show  their horses. Alcibiados sent seven chariots  at ono time and won first, second, and  third prizes. -  From 'the Greeks tho Romans  derived  their   best  blood   and   ideal of a  perfect  horse.    The Arab traced fhis stock to  the  stables   of   Solomon.    Their superstitious  devotion to the' horse   as of divine  origin,  coupled   with   their   giugulur   fidelity   to  pedigree, along with the salubrious climate,  and rich grasses and herbage, and training,'  evolved the wr.nderfulArabian horse. To him  the host blood of Spain, then of England, and !  finally of America truces. The student can  traoe this blood into Barbary and along the  coast of the Mediterranean   Sea into  Normandy and Flanders, thence into England,  and see how,the habits  of the   people, tho    '  climato, soil and   uses made of tho  horse  developed   the  warhorso,    the   ponderous  draft,   the   fleet   thoroughbred,   and   the  coacher.     f , .' ,  The wars, crusades and invasions  led tD  mingling bloods, ovolviug dillerent breeds.  The Norman conquerors founded the heavy '  type of warhorso,and every invasion south  brought back,more of the Arab or'Spatiish  blood. . The Normans lest nothing of their  enterprise, skill and persistence, and made  their impress on every,land they   invaded.  They   established   trading-posts   even   in  Canada,and founded Quebec, leaving thoro .  enough good blood   to found tbe wiry and  durable Canadian horse.  Nations which have bred grand horses ',  have traits of greatness and high ideals, and  have iutelligence'and onterprise to appreciate, and develop dosired' anil valuable  qualities.' Traits may be created. The  docility of the Arab horse, the milkiug  trait ot tho Friesian cow, wore bred into  the stock and devoloped by selection aud  use. Great breods of horses are evolved only  by races of men ot nobility of character and  marked power. When tho race of men falls  into decline thoir horses decline. Three  hundred yearR of degeneracy have reduced  noble blood left by the Spanish invaders of  South America' to the level of the Mexicin1"  greaser und his mustang. 'Tlie Indian pony,  with all the meanness and toughness of his  Indian master, is the product of rtegenera-"  tion from the blood of the noble Audaluaian  and the Norman horse brought to Canada  in tho fifteenth century.      v-;"      v  The horse in his development and use has  in every age been a fit index of the dcgiee,  of civilization of a people. The Arab and '  Mohammedan used the horse ouly tor chaso  and war. A people like the English needed  horses for bearing burdens and tilling lands,  as well as for ceremony, for sport and fer  war.  The tastes and fashions of a monarch  influenced,the style and use of horses.  Charies I. and If. imported tbe royal mares  of the scud-book. James II. continued  importations. William the Conqueror  wanted heavier horse's for war and agriculture. He imported from Normandy arid  Flanders. Henry VIIf. wia so eager to  improve thc horses for cavalry and agriculture that ho caused horses under siz*i to bo  destroyed. His roigu of thirty-uight years  was marked by an in:rease in the number  and value of powerful horses and in a like  improvement in agriculture and wealth of  thenation.  Two hundred years of improvement led  to the establishing of the stud-book in J 791  The"i ight little so" has evolved ihe wonder  of,ages by intelligent and persisterit bleeding, selection and development, the biootied  horses to which directly traces the American trotter. The trotting horso issui ceueris.  He has been evolved under dillerent con-  dit:ons of climate, feed,fashion and business.  For centuries horses were used only for ���������  war and ceremony. The trowt'r is th>- product of necessities of IruMnp-is,and,lias been  developed in the fashi-iu'of sport and  pleasure. Hickory and Keel sprinn-i have '  made li-.'ht vehicles possible, and dnviug to  light vehicles has become a fashion which  is fast evolving the hone which trots  instead of canters, p.iees or ainbieu, as did  tho horse of earlier ages. The trotter has  been evolvod from the necessities of business or sport. The borne of old was ihe  horse of war and waste. Tho Am.'.ricau  horse.is tho offspring of peace and thrift.  ���������Tho Horseman.  Two Veterans-  colonel ! haveu't seen   you'since  Hello,  the war 1  Where did we meet iheu, sir ?  Well,   if it   wasn't under   tho   house,  was up a chimney !  it  Ought to be Some Difference.  Teacher���������What is the dillerenco between  tramp and an honeit   butcher?  Wea/.'.ey���������f don't know : what is it!  Ter.z'.ey���������Ono   is a wiyfirer, '  afir.weighter.  the other  Mr. Henry, Atquith,   tic Imperial, Home  Secretary, is suffering I. bir. lnllueu/.i. PAGE 4.  THE KOOTENAY.ALA IL  I''2W ADVERTISEMENT,*.  Jf>hn .*- t'.arment���������A^ik'niiH-nt of Jnlin Sunn*  non fo,- Hit* 'oUiulit of crodii'jrs.  irewitt Jio-ilock���������To the Kit-dors of V.ile-Cur-  iboo.  Joscjili 'Vull-ei*���������A\*it;w.i!ii House fur Palo.  BIRTHS.  RourNSux.���������At Revelstoke, JMa'i oh 17th.  to tlie wife of John il. Robinson, a  son. ' ,  McM.-U'ox.���������-At '"���������JoveNroke, on .Monday, March 20, to tho wife of James  . MiOlahon, a -son.   ��������� ��������� 1.   LOCAL ITEMS.  will   be  Date of millinery opening  fidvcrtised next week. '  Tom r>ain got <nuf- again yesterday  altera week's confinement to the house  by an attack nf la grippe.  Geoi'fie '.McKay went, lo Kainloops  last .Monday eve'nini; to report to Mr.  Vic-kerf, D.I-.S., as one of his party of  surveyor-..  Mr. II..Me(>iitcl]i'on went down I he  river on "Wednesday, tuiderstood lo lie  on ii mission connected witliiUouiinioii  politics.  Sam Hammond made a trip this  weok'as far down the line as .Notch  Hill, as tho representative of Bourne  Bins.  Mr.  T. Livingstone,  lT.-iig ' left   on  Thursday  evening lor Kainloops on a  " l-nsU-ps-a trip.    Ho wasaceoiiipanied by-  Mrs. Hait*-.  -  D. A. JMrI)oui>ald,  of Naku&p,   who  has bec,n in the Sandwich  Islands for  his health this wintei, i.s expected home  '    '��������� in a few days.  Messrs. (JilkeriV, Wells, of Revelstoke  and Nelson, have opened ��������� it store at  Pilot Bay, with A. W. Chittenden in  charge.  , Oapt. Gore made an  effort to hring  . the fetediiier Kootenai   up to tho Wigwam  this  week  hut did not succeed,  finding  too much, ice   and   too  little  water.   '        ,  ''Service  in  the Proshyfeiian clun c-h  to-morrow evening at 7-'30.     Sabbath  -   '-School     nnd   Bible     Class     at    2-.H).  Strangers cordially invited.  'Fred. Allen expects to  start 'first of  next week for Tumi Lake with mail. In  addition he will  take about, 100 lbs. of  <���������   supplies for the men on the creek.  Mr. J. W. Ila&kins, who has been  trapping in the; mountains of the Gold  Range this winter, came into his Smith  Crook camp a few days ago with his  catch of furs.  .'Do the children have the bedding off  at night, and cry, and catch cold? II.  N- Coursier has automatic bed clothes  holders which save all this trouble anil  give peace and comfort.  Mt. W. 11.' Reed, who has been  engineer at the sawmill of the Revelstoke Lumber Co., left on No. 1 Monday evening, and has taken up land in  the neighborhood of Salmon Ann.  Whole stock well-made hoots, very  cheap, at 11. N. C'oursier's.   '   ,  Mr. N. D. Moore, of the Three; Forks.  Con centra I or, came from Vancouver  Thursday, and -\\ ent south this morning in company with J. ,1. Vallance,  who came up from the Forks to meet  him.  Mr. GAW. Baldwin, of Ashcroft, has  been in town this week buying up the  furs held by merchants for sale, lie i.s  the fur buyer for Joseph Ulhnann,  known in Leipzig, London and several  American cities. v  " Charlie Norleins and Ken Robertson,  came down from Gold Stream Monday  evening.    Norleins went out again on  '    Thursday morning. 'The  weather had  .turned cold, and'he gave  up sluicing  " until it gets wanner. '    .  Capt. Goie has returned from the  Sound and is in command of the steamer Kootenai,'which got free from the  ice near Hall's Landing a, few flays ago.  She. is i-uiiuing from Xakusp to Bannock Point with ore. ���������  The Y.P.S.C. will hold their monthly  consecration meeting on Monday, 2,"*t"h  * inst. Subject;���������Pi'u-e words, pure deeds,  pure thoughts. All members are requested to be present. Mr. E. Stnilh  will lead the meeting.  George Terryherry came in from !  Carne's Creek Monday evening! lie j  made a mis-step and slid down <m icv j  place on the mountain, spraining his j  knee. It will disable him from work  for awhile. He lelt n gang of men !  putting in the wing-darn."     ' j  The laboratory and'chemical work-* |  of A. ll. Holdicu, have been moved lo I  rooms especially Jilted up for them in |  the second storey of the building he  previously occupied. They are very ,  convenient and more desirable, than  the old quarters.  Mr. Hewitt BoMock passed through  Revelstoke last Monday bound for Nakusp. New Denver, Tin ee Fork.-., Kaslo  and all other places in soul horn  Kootenay.    lie expects   to' return t ht*--  Avuy, hue not probably until after! ho  opening of .-tearnor navigation on the  Columbia.  Mi*. Tho-;. Lewis, who has had oli.ii'g~e  of the blaeksmithing for tlie C'.P.U. .it  the star ion for several veil--, Icfr, tin-;  morning for Kdmnnfnn. Thomas. *L'-  and(JPeri-y will follow in tno weeks.  They intend to take up i.nuin s and  ���������,ottle lie-re.  H. X. C'Kiisier is gel ting in a carload  of coal oil.  The party that lel'l Konjonnv r-.-ipids  ln-t wi'i'k i-.uiie up the l'Uot in siiirill  lio.tr>.'. They found several niil.---ol ice  over which the}- had lo dra^ lh<*ir  canoes, ifit, the upper i*nd of I,be lower  lake and in the nariows. The -le.imi r  Lyttori since made nn olTorl, lo reach  the upper lake, but was burned hack  li}' the ice.  Mi-*- May Valentine, who ha-, s>> long  presided in the dining mom of I he (J. :  1\ R. Hotel, departed on Simd.iv evening for Porl land, OregfMi, iie.n which i  eif.}' she has two sisters rcsidiiiu-. It is  rumored in reliable sources t ha! before  Jliss Vnl'-iit.ine relurus ;i wry happy  event will transpire iu whii h sin- will  participate, and th.it Mr. .1. Tomliioon,  of Vancouver, will he. Ihe fortunate  man.  Mr. fJeo. CI. Marsh arrived fioin  Three Forks Monday evening on Ihe  AVigwaui   train.    He  reports that  I he  OI*e still,ig<* houses (it, Throe Folks of  the Slocan Slur, l'oeo anil ,\oli|e r"'i\ c  mines are lull, and that mud --lide- on  the Nnkusp ,t Slocan r-.iilu.iy are  seriously iiiterToring with shipment -.  The concent mini-is f-iirly eliokeil uilh  ore, which il tiiniiot clear aw.iy until  h,i increased supply of water furnishes  the additional jiower rcfjuired.  AVin. Lawrence, who is ���������.������ ith \' uiine  Tiros., has lound in his.gaideu some  fresli < ahhago head-, six inches in  (liamete.-, grown Ihi-. wintei* under the  snow. They .n-e teiidor- ,\tu[ ���������eii'-.p, o,\-  celling those , of the best summer  gi owtli.  D.-in Alton, bridgi't'oiem.in, sustained  a painful accident, on Thin'-day last.  While assisting to load a- large -tick of  timber mi a cut the pea vie slipped, allowing the limber to .slide which peeled  the hack anil lingers of Ihe i-iglil  hand.  The Special Mining Edition of tlie  Slocan Prospector of March Kith, give.-,  llu-most accurate and conipreheu.sivo  denciiption of the Slni-an Mining UM-  ricttliat has yet, been published. It is  written bv Hand;;!!   H.  Kemp, whose  rr~n  ������������������������*  ������n  himitiM nu  Ui  ii4  I T "111 fl h VilJj^Vt,  Kami.uOI'-?, 2i*lh I'Vbr-u-ry, loOj.  ol   lnni-mr   anil  thot'oiigh knowledge  literary ability, (pialify hini o-poei illy  for the work. It is really indispr usable  fo any one wanting to know about the  Slocan mines; and it i=- the only thing  of the kind in existence.  The KvangiiNlie sorvico" which havo  been conducted by Mrs. Uarioii at tho  Methodist, Churiii. beghining Mon>luy  evening, have increased in inlered,and  attendance during (he week. There  have boon Ihiiteen profession^ of con-'  v,er.sion. Tlie service-.-, w ill be emit i'uied  next week, and on Sunday, to-nmi'i-uw,  ihs. llariett will preach both moiirjng  and evening. The lady posse-se-; an(  agreeable delivery, and pfcaches oar'n-  est and i.'iipre.ssive sermons, and i.s be-  lieveil to be doinu inii'-h good iu the  comiiimiity. ' , ,   '  The an ival of a ctiioad of uiio j Jm>  tirsl of the \M-ei-: \������ .is tii(! slgi, il iVa-.ui  increase of activity along i 'i,e river  bank. Tinib'-rs, pieivi'd wilh strong  iron Holts'had been already jil.i"ed on  the river bod. and a lartre foi->-e of men  was'at once put at. work carrying the  brush and diutribtiling it across these ;  timbers. The wire was strung uiiilti'  and over the brush, other (imi-ers will  lu* fastened over il, and Weighing down  all will he the tons 61 rock which are  lieing li.iuh d from rhe ipia'i ry. Willi  the energy which has been sliown this  week in 'pushing the work, it will'bef  finished in a short, time. ,  'A\'ere itnotso well known ihal Oapl.  Iidw.-u-iL->, of the Victoria, is the keeper  of the. be.sf hotel in the proviiu e, east  of Vancouver, it, might be'lhoughl that'  his poulti y ranch would reipiiie all his  attention, but it is really carried on iiie  same as his garden iu summer���������lo provide the best, and freshe.st food oi'its  kind for his hotel tables. Moreih.in  one hundred prize poultry birds kopliii  quarters especially fitted and iurnished  for them, yielding about 100 fre.sh eggs  a day ready for the call of his giie.sLs,  almost before they get cool from their  ne.sts, is a rarity seldom enjoyed by-  hotel habitues. And then the dainty  spring chickens, reared in such comfort  and luxury, lender and toothsome, will  grace the "table latei on. ,  Bureau of Mines Will Attract Capital. o  o -        ~  Sik,���������JMy .ilient.ion lias been'drawn  loan article in the Montreal Staro'i  March 51 h. which in my opinion, and  inthatof others compel onl to judge,  hardly does Ih-itish Columbia justice.  Heforring to our iiiihi,iinded.>minei-,il,  w ealtli, the ar'tii-le \n question,.see,ns lu  intimate that the proposed Rureau of  Mines in this, province contemplates  sending out pi ospeclor-s ("with a pick  and assayingapparatus"') lo inves'Hgate  the Rockiosnorth of the line, i'hi.s is  not surely the province of a Bureau of  Mines, for as a.matter of f.u t prospectors have been pretty freely over, not  the Rockies only, but, also (he Selkirk*-;  and other r anges ��������� and the vast amount  of iniuerAl already discovered, bulb, hy  its volume and extraordinary valti".  prove.-, the. Kuoti-nay district to. be  pro!i.ilily the i-it lu-st mi tliM-n:it,;u"u.  Hut it is not enough   lu koou (li,ii t -r  fi >.M I.U.Mr N:-r '  ]i> l-'-'sjioiisu to tic \\,\U1.\ Ci'ju i->sc>l iTo^nu  of ii.-!i"<-s'*iilmi\o men in i.iriou- p.tiis of jour  liistvict llyj\c dpiailu! (o '.ciuit* I'm-,\ .ivit as a  c.'iuliu.ifu at l!u* forlliLOiniji^ ulceliiaics, in c]i-  [jDsitiuii to llu. pi-e-oiil ;jo\oi mil' ut.  .\s tiii; is stall an i-iiuniiiais ilisti-U-i 1 .un, of  -.���������'nil's-., pi.'i-on.ili.v uiiniiiiwu lu a in^c- minibci-  of ye'i; I.ut 1 lojy -laic Hint 1 h.ne l.vr^o  uitriL-t'-at .'Hid arnuiid Iluuk.s anrl JCimloo-i--.  .���������.nil :uii \ ,-rj (Usiniu-, fm* join* -\wir.uc and  mill ts, lo so* il'is l'i'o vim u ���������myius-. inuiu tlun il>  !u- ihiii'i tiiu 1 i.sL Jew J',;.li-s.  ! ,'in ui.'i-o t il lo tin.' i.nllvyin" pi-onxi,jiiii which  ll.'ls Inl'II IHIlslKll i'lii- till' l.isl ri\t> un jv.-.i-*, ,lr  li< iis'j inilitti'il In the ri..{iiii-i.iii< ms of tlio  eutiiilry .mil ii.'iK til'mjr ill" fcw.it llit- c-xpLi-su  of tliuiiuiiiy, '  J join in liiO'icoiidciiiiMiiiiii of th������ onri-ii|it>  lii.uiiK-i' in \sli:''li ill.', .t-liMiiii'.ti ilitin of ('he  a'l'.iiis of I hi, .'cui.t:; In- b.Jt.1! i-.in-n.l on diii--  in i Uic liinu ll.'.iL t!i���������. ,'ii_'.--iii ii.u ty h is bcon in  olli.-o. ,    f  I (.on-ii'l'--' :-  I, Tli il a ciislouis i.-ii-ill". if iiii.i.^oi ,n .,':].  shoiilil l'* IJor tliu -j'li-'io-:" of i.ii-niy ,i i-i'MMinc,  nut h.r llio ).iii']H)se of )M'( li'ctioti:  J. Tii.U f.cur tuilr j-i l.\tions witli Oi-e.il  lli-it.iiu aii'IMiu trnilill .-'(alio wuultl iiiuin-ili-  .uoly bino'.l ilii1 (.ij-'iitij :  li. 'I'li.it uinlt r eNi-tln^ (ii'i'iuiist.iiiLOs uiitl  Uic pC'aiii.ir n.ituit* or liio cuuniry iiii'niin;  mat liiiiciy -jlioul.l I'o'.il'owi.'l lucoiiiiijn frcuof  <luiy:      A t,  I. Tliut, Llio u.ltur.il rosnurcc- of Uia tioiinl r-y  blioulil bu lhc lii-ot U) bo ilcvclopul:  .i. ���������} li,u in oi dor to uci"-r.iplKli' tin's end (lie  ooinirriy shouitl bo oju'nrd up, the rivcis ni.i.U-  iitniiS.ilik'. and m; re.t-cil facilities foi-cjiiiitiuiii-  ealinu .intt (i-.iiispoi-t.ilion .'dl'oi-ditl: ,  C. Th.il ihe mail and t/Uit-v rciilivtcls lot hy  tlio f;ii\erniiK'iit b'.iuul.l bo put up to i^iblie  trail or:  7. Th.il thc ���������jlricti.st c-t-onoinj should bo ob-  E>ur\L'd in the .'nhiiiiiis.i-.ilioti of tho publit-  sui'viio, .u'l'l .illuinifocs^arj- o\peiidiliu-o t-hoitM  bo stopped: '  S. Thin all ('OinpLiinLs in regard to the clis-  ���������io,.ilol ni)\ui-iuueut Liiuls .-mil is=.uiiiy ol uile-;  t-Iioiild be in.[i:iivd into and - {fi;io\.uice.s  redressed, and I Iiu survoj-.s in llio railwiij* Ix-K  uiuipUted ;.si,,iie!:ly .i-'iiossibie. >  jVs this -IIbIi-il-I conipi-ises so huye .'in extent  ol eoiniLiy it, v,-iil be impossible for me Lo'visit  ovoi-j" pulJini; division anil beeonic au'iuuintetl  \ulli the elouor.-., but T shall uirtku aijioiifl of  visiting us innu.v .Us possible and holding meet-  miKslor t'lo purposu ot pl.ieiiiK my \ie\vs ou  public niitUei'S before you, and U'.u-uiiiK from  you the local l-eqiiireineiits of each district.  5 t have no objoets of niy own to servo by_nsk;_  injf j-oti lb siippui t ine, but 1 h.ivo tinicilKitT  eanfflvetoprouioti) the ml crests of this Jlihtrict,  tlio lJi'ovince, and the Uoiiiiiiion, and 1 .shall  do-'ole it lo ihnc purpose. _  . ,  i for Ihusc re.isuus 1 nsk your supjinrt al tho  appi-ouehinj,' IJoniaiion laeetions, and trust you  will.see (ittoKive it tome.  Yours l othfidiy,  iifl'-.-ViTV 303T0CS".  tJ^Jtm   i^Oar-J-i  Jh  TO 'BUT  ^a  ������*%  si^as*'  5 '75 ^ *%*% ���������tV  ->- f-'  a  ft   4 ii  Gr-  in  BTjpW*  T  f%  ttilJl  11W A P V  %.  li-:.,l  ,ei  tViiu  o    .  w ij   ticsK.'ai  r.i-ur^..       cr-i       >.*  v!3  TR   A  in  \I  0  K  t.-i  ���������5b2E3SioS  NFrlAL  EQGENE..IN". BARRELS",AND CASES.  -PBATT'S ASTRAL OIL IN-'JCASBS." -  -:o:���������1:o:-  N  rS'  ���������THE BISTBICT.  tliere ;  oilier  mu  mineral   is  rnnlish a,ul  oUier I'.ii.u i  In dd of I !;ose ()i-o|i, i*l it's ,u,, i .vol 1.  (their row aid v, in ne -_,.,., lL\ ,������-u\  audit liue-t, he i'i sm i- .m ,-s(,>  nient ns the Ihin ;u o! Af't.o.s ih  must. look to ii.itiidtut- tin .mo.-  owner Co tlie i it'll < apil.ihst.  recent, mininir ti.irisitiJiiii- iu  nei^rhhorhtiod *ho\v *.\ :i..  ii" iin'-i  JS'ew Denver will soon be entertained  by a brass band. 'J'he intt.'-unienls have  been u-ceived.        ,  James YVe&tgate. com mitt ed to trial  for the murder ol Hugh McLaughlin at  Rossland, lies in the .Nelson gaol awaiting trial.  Slocan Htnr has delivered at  i',ork> "i,.TUJ ions of ore since the  iio-.mii shipjiiu;;. averaging in  more than ttLOU a ton.  'llu to Im.i I.s ciiiicontralor will  'u'.. ii ii'itrl the now il'imo is ready  .!'-     , .,-    !'.'���������     ilKI.-'ls.il    supply    of  II    Ml n-i* I   tt)1! ,i.l   t il.' \\ .11 Vs.  . i lie  'J in ot  llll'IO  v.iiui'  Ol,  1,11-  !>'e  ���������I  -,.i. e i.i:  i ihi ir i  ��������� ic;   i no  UVX his il.  sign that, our cotiur  nilig to.ULl'.lct t ile.lt  a".I v. ii"ii njiCiJ' ,'- sii  uici*���������'ni*  Ii   ftillu..  ti-.>* d.iv  iiia.le ,t  lllli.-e    Vi  sure iv a  m---..'. ,'1  am sir. -  - .-   it  ill lllll  -   i e. I i t,. '  '.his  l.i.n  l)--,-;i-  -ei-i. I- ,.  . ��������� ll.ls  .ill-    ' -  ������������������ s   a..  ���������..I'M  si>*;i  of ii.u i.;.!' ion.  .Jehu    i?wi>'m  tij.-elU .! ,1  h'.W-l  L *. Ti'oi'p ha  ���������Ip    Olt'l      ll'.C  \i Uit.'-r.     Thr  ���������el ; e.ulv for  ve   returned  v.'wl   coast,  captain    is  t lie nooning  ,- , ,  >in - i:  .he  ti,   l.OL.'.  :;oi)tl  plihilC     I >!i  -.-.is uo| ,,  -  ' A    ro..< i  t -,.'.r.:\    .  "���������'i,..: ... i .  .  v'-iv  l:  LO*  .o.u'..l  e-Jix-t'li  ��������� Oil  ill ."  nif.ck  .  ich  Hill  ack)   has  'lid gives  oni'i.o-i.ii ion. 1 nis i-, ���������. jii*i.jit  ii, . ei.ien. e,     is    before   there  ���������topping pl.-u eat th.it .slation.  ���������ii>r   of    ii';1)  ions   ihiily  i     pr- j -t let)   fur    Llu-  SioiMn  w..! i,' i Ousl i in ltd iimnedi-  o oie in   me  low ei   tiumolis  iii- uu.iiuily cind  quality as  if"**  PHTiQ  riLiK:^  j_irii  i"T"  T"  J������J������J  Ub S  ���������OFFICE  STORE.  ^TDiIUi5  i^'iiFnisiiings,  6      t-  i  ^ oio  ^&X$5&*a  ���������UcLUlUilu  13  ry.  ���������Am  l   FP-  ATnTiTnrr  vCi  -o  .-<  I C C T **' V ~-T TT' * T 'p  Puiouant io the " Creditor's Tr.-v.  Act, 1890," and Air.^r.'uv.g Ai  ���������Ir. V., Hitl.i", v, ho is not a new  iir" .ti K-.ii-n (..uliiiiiiaa. jonrnaiism,  ;i,-.-   Me |iiihl!- at.on,  at   V.i'ifniuci'.  :,..'.',(,,   ,i  -k-^     .uc'iiv    I)H|IC1  .(.ailed  J;.i<><   .'.  !i  .A  rOTK'E Ifi U'EMKiiY  OlV.'^ tn. i  lohn Sluinmoi. oi   v\ i'.-".>.i,',i L.I' ii-  ing. near Re\i*ist<;l <j. in tie' Ij:-!,1 iei oi  1 "Wi's'AKooI .-"iSay.    >il     Ihe    i'l.>.*!li"''   or  ! British Columbia.   ! 'ohm ador.' ,',���������-   1>\  [ deed d.it'-d and exoe|ii.->l ),', fhe J'ci.loi  and Trustee on th" :t.li ri-v   i,(   M.inli,  ., I  'ii p.  ���������r���������i|  l  V.I).   l.VC   a's-igro'd   -.11    hi-  I per.s'inal properly, whiilima.V  m<!  old  James C,  loops-, in  I'ruvint e  urioer  rnieiit. of  i in*   Oi'-r  of  Br il e  ' i:  ion,  it .  be  in  .' is it p(.i M*ti I h.it, ii ������ ill  ni i' s.  .*. ho wosil iioin li'-vi 1-  ;:' dl l..s'v Mmui'ci afi ei-  lo' at"d om i.u wis, | li'nik  ��������� ,-. g'.oii cir uigo.    37.i ii v  OT ���������     i!   '    r.nuil!,';  m   .111,1  '. '   iu.iy. '  -^.'..-.   I!     fi.'il'.v   ,_*,    is   (,t   h"  ",--���������    .-.mil",    die  con! rat I  . !.!���������  ('���������'    i"    %'i i ! liei't)  n* Ok  K  Ojvxj  rOILBT ARTICLES of ovory  ese  edieines  ion.  h  mission At'i'iit,  fyiutr   i-i'taliiv    i'  ��������� illil   \l IlllOli:   pi "l'i  crodilois   ol   the  IJi'.e s,*ik1 tleed \\,i-  .Johil    Sll.l nnotl,   eli'l    I ho  John   .lames   ( ,:rrr,eiif. "li  e.<  I ho    (   *!!*'.    '���������!  : ii f ot *) i''-,  ii < n!'.u!i*i ).  : he pni |hi-e i  1 pi* ij..ii t.  .,)' t Or pi .  lid  aoiin  .'���������  ...t euii ll   IO'  111  lit  i-l At tl  .John  K un  'il   ! ,'"  .i f(   In I.  'i i.r'.-e   i  i,  ( I.I.'ie-I I   I   (Wl!  1  . I,  pl-,-1  .  O'er  i  'II-  niiir.1  i.-epl  (���������! - 'I Is  ���������l'i ti ei'.".  i'|. r. I ho  ;,,'' ..wt'ii.  J  lit'   S,| ,||  'j IU   " ",  I   li  il "l  If you want to roach the People in the North Riding of West Kootenay  YOU SHOULD  A  ������  %AS  iii;^:  o o  o  ocoooooocoo  !������  il .h.hn, S'.  Ill   , llll   p.M I  l; r . o" > ���������  i ������!!"���������, .mrl  of   .March,   is!.").      Ail  i lainis again-1 I he -..jt  ,\v-' roqilii ed in foi \, a  I hereof,   duly  vi r ifu*  sif/nod >il K iii.livip',  Ihe 10! h day 'if Apui,  soi.s intlebtcd lo   I ),e   s.iid  non aie w-fjuired to pay siu  nessiothe innl.-i -ig. oil ioii! \  A nd nol ice is hi re! iv gi\ ei> .!  the .-,.Jrh d.iy^nf April,'A:!."), 1 ho  will pioceod lo (lis! I'ibn! ��������� f ii  among fhe par I ie-, i i I il iefl  h.'i' im.; rog.ittl to I li'' - J iiiii1- i  he shall I h������-n hav- si> .1 h e, .i ��������� i> I  will no! ho liable ((,| thoas-e;  pari theti'of so disi i ihtil et| o. ,  son of whose debt, or claim  not I heli il,,'. e riol.lt e.  Dai etl   at   ICa in loops,   H.C,  l, I .Sit".  J. .1. GAkAH'N  i:  u.'H'  :i ui.ii -i  .if.n . -  ,'i i.'-A  i ti-  II-   YOU   WANT  -.I t ,e  ��������� it    -n  on   i\  ll   i,.ii-')le,l-  i,i, a! tt )'  7, list..-  .' ,...., I .  I ni'i'i'l o.  if m iii'-h  lil.'l   ll"  - orany  >ni \- p'-r-  lio'   '  hall  i.his  II h  (lav of Man  '(���������Signed)  lie  (i 'i' i i**.  i o>P >,  f  x i:  v.'riiii  ,, '��������� i '*  I'   ',1  rilslee  A  ilot<  .���������un1 .  .mi ,-,  ��������� ido'i,  .|ei*  ill'Ol l,|.  CH/Ii ^"BG  sit������.  it  done at'the  Ci  ail  if  ice  .���������I ti..  I r.  ll I!  ,11,1  ��������� ������������������I  ��������� ���������Ail:  I ���������!'  W IS  hold   ,i|   |i,o On-  A Ml'".''".TINY' of (he Crt'dilots of (he  above Ksi.-ile will hoh'-ld.il Ihcollicf"  of the Triis|,oc ,i| the (at vol K.iiiilof'fis  fi.C, on \'v'edMOsday. I ho l'J( h day of  .M.ircli. \H)'i, al Ihe liom ol'^o'tloik ih  the al lernooii.  (Signed)     .). j. .(;aj:,.mK.N'T,.  'J'i'uiiUii'.  fi'oldeil,   hi ������������������(    Wl-l-l     lo fllsf ,._,.   I j,  .  piibiit: (pies, ,on- thai id e agil.'l ing I li.ii,  I'mvii, a*' lolloVs: Tli" hojiling r>f ,i  ('oiuilv Coui'l in friildon ; Ihe public  pari. tpii-s| ion,, liniiihng ,.|',i ne,\ s-h,,,,!  In i.i .-, 'i in >\' In ith.'. : ���������' 11 i f f, if [.- ;  11,( a jipoi n I un i.i ol a pi nil u >u nnnllu  \. ho .-.ill . i.tlcml. to. piibhi. m.ll I ei. of  this ���������kind.-.  11  O   (>  ()  fi  (i  O   f)  o  o  f)  f)  O  O   O  O  O  0  o o o   o  o   o  o  o  o  o  o  o  o  o  o   o  o   o  o  o  RE\ ELSTOKE, WEST KOOTENAY, B.C.  fl  / -I  ������3

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