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Kootenay Mail Mar 30, 1895

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 FOR  MEN-  ,   finest Cashmere Pocks  0 CO  Extra heavy wool do 0 50  Best  quality   Shetland   wool  Underwear, per suit  4 25  Finest nat. wool   "         i 00  Braces, per pair, 30c and 40c. ,   :o:   The English Trading Co.  FOR   LADIES���������    '  Heavy wool Underskirts .  .". 1 (fi  Kxtrah'vyCa-sninereHtockJtifrs') 75  Heavy nat. wool Undervests    0 75  Tarn o'Shanteib, .Wo. and 75c  ,   Lined Kid Cloven, fur cuffs... 1 25  Unlined do��������� 75c. and $1.00.  The English Trading Co.  VoL 1^-No. 51.  REVELSTOKE, WEST KOOTENAY, B.C., MARCH 30, 1895.  $2.00 a Year.  Goods fcouirht right out;  no com-  5j**fjf>& mission charged.'  ���������-'������������������������������***  ( Pair selection; immediate returns.  Shipping tag's furnished free upon *j  request. *'  There is NO DTTTT on Tuts or any  other goods we handle.  SEEr-Write for Circular giving Shipping Directions and LATEST SCAB"  KETFKICES.  Incorporated.  much uniwc . / 200=212 First Avenue North,  branches:  HELENA, WONT.       CHICAGO,'ILL     , VICTORIA, B.C.       WINNIPEG, MAN.  fcor. CvAi. i V..'ivin.1S*������. 1-S Xirtiijaii St. (9 l.aajler St. ' 178 1'rincess St.  GASH Rules the World!  \,   ���������       ,   To contribute "your mite in puling it     . ��������� _ <  BUY   .F.OR   CASH.   .  Save 5 per cent, on ��������� your Flour and Feed.       -      .  "10     ' "      '  ���������'"        General Groceries.    , jr "  ���������  Kootenay Lodge  No. 15 A.F.&A.M.  The regular meeting  are heldiin the Mas-  onicTemple.Bourne's  Hall, on the third  Monday in each  month at 8- p. in.  Visiting brethren  cordially welcomed.  \V. F. CRAGE. Secretary.  REVELSTOKE   LODGE,   I.O.O.F.  Regular meetings arcjheld  in Oddfellows' Hall every  Thursday night at citfht,  o'clock. Visiting brothers  cordially welcomed.  G. NEWMAN, K.G.  A. STOKE, SecZ  WANTKD���������Pushing Canvasser of good address. Liberal salary and expenses paid  weekly. Permanent position. HHOWN BROS.  CO., Nurserymen Portland, Oregon. 1  W: A. JOWETT,  MINING AND REAL ESTATE BROKER,  NELSON, B. C.  Lardeau & Slocan Prospects Wanted.  THE REVELSTOKE PHARMACY.  -:o:-  15  Clothing.  '-;���������   -   '     ".;   ' Tinware.-  On all purchases over One Dollar.  25  GO TO  AND DO THIS.  '<;      NEW  STOCK.OF,    '  STATIONERY & FANCY GOODS.  The New TOILET SOAP,  SIX TABLETS -FOR' 25c.  Wail for theaiotice regarding the new  ��������� . ...  ��������� Circulating Library at;.    '  THE REVELSTOKE PHARMACY.'  ,  FURNITURE,.   .    ,  tioors, Sashes & Blinds,  ���������:o:-  WHO.LESALE' DEALER 'IW'  '  ��������� "..*.     ,-,������ -  \i ... .  WINES,"LIQUORS ��������� AND CIGARS;  OF, SWANSEA AND WIG AN,  Analytical Chemist and Assayer,  Accurate assays made of all kinds of minerals, water, milk, etc.  Stockholm House,  ���������     ' JOHN STONE, Proprietor.  The Dining Room is furnished with the best the  Market affords.  R. HOWSON,  REVELSTOKE.  COFFINS CARRIED,IN  STOCK.  ���������AOKNT KOK SINGKK SEWING- MACHINKS.  ."    *     a." McNeil,"* ��������� - ���������  ���������' BARBER SHOP AND BATH ROOM,.  --'���������'* Front-Street, Revelstoke:''  'Haircut, 25c;  Bath, 50c; Six,Shaving  Tickets for ������1.00.  GUY  BARBER,  WATCHMAKER AND JEWELLER.  Repairing Neatly &. Promptly Executed.   :o:   REVELSTOKE, B. C.  R; S. WILSON,  MERCHANT   TAILOR,  Revelstoke Station.  First-class Material kept in stock arid  First-class Workmen employed.'  THE BAR IS SUPPLIED WITH THE CHOICEST  WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.  ���������     ��������� ILim a  J  NOTARY   PUBLIC  -  -   REVELSTOKE, B.C.  Mining and Real Estate Broker and General Commission Agent.  FIRE, LIFE AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE.  Representative of the Kootenay Smelting & Trading Syndicate.  ���������:o:-  AGENT FOR TROUT LAKE CITY, EVANSPORT, KASLO &. NAKUSP  nmiwoKi  THE  ABRAHAM SON BROS., Proprietors.  First-class Table.  Telephone,  'BUS MEETS   ALL   TRAINS   AND   STEAMBOATS.  PIBB-PROOF   S.-A-UrE  HELP WANTED!     ,  WANTED���������Active, Hoxkst Gentleman or  -Lady, to travel, representing established, reliable house. Salary $65 monthly and traveling  expenses, with increase if suited. Enclose reference and self-addressed stamped envelope.  TIIK DOMINION.     -    ' '  SpS   ' 317 Omaha Building, Chicago.  ,      OCEAN STEAMSHIPS.  ROYAL MAIL LINES.  CHEAPEST rontoto the OI.I> COUNTRY.  Proposed Sailings from Monti cal.  , ALLAN LINE,  NUMIDI AN NOV.     3  Parisian Nov. 10  Mongolian Nov. 17  DOMINION LINE.  Toronto Oct. 27  Vancouver Nov.   3  OltKOON : Nov. Id  Cabin S4'>, SoO, ?r>0, S7C), $S0 and upwards.  Intermediate $30; Steerage S'-M.  Pa-Nongcrs ticketed through to all parts of  Great Ilritain and Ireland, nnd at specially low  rate, to all parts of the European continent.  Apply touearcstst<".unshiporraihvn,\ nKbii(,(o  I. T. BREWSTER. Agent, Revelstoke,  or to ItoisHUT  ICi'.KK.'iGcn.  l'nssciiHer'jAgont  Winnipeg.  THE  BEST AND CHEAPESTROUTE  TO   AKD   FItOM  All Eastern Points.  Through KirstClaiq Sleeping Carsiiud rourist  Sleeping Cars to St. Paul, Montronlanl Toronto  without change. ���������    >  REVELSTOKE TIME TABLE.  Atlantic Express arrives   9:15 daily.  Pacific '��������� "       l(>:ii  "  For' full information as to rate*, time, etc.,  apply to  I. T.   l!ri-wsl������T,  A gout, Revclttoke.  GEO. McL. HliOWN. '  iJisiriol I'.i-henKir Agent,  Vaiii<oiiVM, H. 0.  TCbe Ifcooteha? flDail   \   SUBSCRIPTIOK.  INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.  One Year $2 00  Six Months .'    100  . Three Months. ��������� 0 50  ADVERTISING RATJES.    ���������  'One Inch, per month    1 SO  Two Inches, per month    2 00  Six       " "        "         600  Special contracts for large advertiflements  All orders for Ihc change or discontinuance of  advertisements must oe made in writing.  All bills for advertising due the lit of each  month. i  The ,Mail is printed every Saturday morning  by the Kcvulstoke Printing Sc Publishing Co.  (Limited). .        ��������� '  Revelstoke Printing & Publishing Co., Ltd.  ���������VTOTICE IS HEUKBY GIVEN that the  IN former editor of Tub Kootknav Mail,  Mr. It. W. Northey, has now no connection  with this Company, and that ho is not authorised  to act on itrf behalf in any way .whatsoever.  Revelilobc, B.C.  LIVINGSTONE HAIG,  Managing Director;  March 21st, 1895.  Notice to Advertisers and Sonscumnns.  All money duo to,the Company must be paid  cither to t ho Treasurer, Secretary or Oillce Manager, and a receipt inunt be taken for the same.  A. II. Holiiicii, Secretary.  If the , Cyanide Gold Extracting  process is what its managers or agents  claim it to be, it would seem that the  .Trail Creek and Cariboo Creek, as well  as the Big Bend gold ores, would furnish a field'in which a plant of large  capacity could be established with a  certainty of success.  The new plan for conducting County Court business in Yale and Kootenay is to have Judge Cornwall, who is  now judge of Cariboo, take in addition to his present duties,, Kamloops,  Revelstoke and Donald. All the places oif the line of the railway to the  south, would then' be served by Judge  Spinks, at more frequent periods, than  at present.  It is reported that' English financiers are placing orders in New York  for future deliveries of .silver as far  ahead'as July 1st. This explains the  recent rise of silver to 63 and over,  and since the mineral is at a price below which it is almost impossible to  fall, it is a shrewd move by the English speculators to take' advantage of  the effect which peace between China  and Japan may have in .advancing the  price,-as .well, as the growing feeling  among European nations favorable to  bi7metalism, which is becoming ' constantly more pronounced. '  Tin; traffic department of the Canada Pacific, have for a year or two past  been taking note of the movement of  freight into' southern Kootenay from  the south as well as from'" the north,  with the . view of making suggestions  for the consideration of the superior  oilicials which, if adopted, would bring  more business over the main line of  the railway, and be a mutual benefit  to it and the interior cities of British  Columbia. Having gathered important  facts and statistics which have been  presented to the management, we are  able to say that they are favorably.con-  sidering a reduction of freight rates  from eastern and Missouri river points  to central and eastern British Columbia. Should the movement eventuate  inthe reduction of freights sought to  be secured, the merchants of West  Kootenay, will have a much greater favor granted to them than ' they have  heretofore had reason to expect.   *   The "Game of (Railway) Chess,"  on which the Mirier makes some comments, to the purport that to check  the Kaslo & Slocan railway the C.P.R.  will push the Nakusp & Slocan dowu  the Slocan lake and river to the crossing of the C. & K., will not, if done, accomplish the result prevised for it. It  will riot eliminate the Kaslo & Slocan  from the field of competition. "It is  not the direction merely, as north or  south, that the mine-owners may want  their ores to move, that will control  it, but rather their final destination,  and the cost per ton of reaching it.  These will inevitably control, whatever  the route may be. Is it not altogether  more probable that the Nakusp A* Slocan will be extended from Three Forks  to Sandon, and meet the Kaslo it Slocan on their,own chosen ground, and  connect with them perhaps, pooling  their inteiests when their schemes get  sufficiently far advanced to make the  object to lie attained a cciiiiiioa one to  both railways'? Meantime, while these  plans are being worked out, the C.P.R.  will improve its present Three Forks  line, extend its Arrow,Lake branch to  the lake, and the C. & K. N. Co. will  have its ice-breaking steamer ready for  winter service, and'an eilbrt will, be  made by this combination to hold the  ore traffic of the Slocan mines. It will  become a question of interest solely,  ���������and be no longer one of sentiment,  even if it be so now. How .to reach  Omaha, Great Falls, Tacoma or other  smelting points, best and cheapest, will  be the only considerations. And this  will be secured if necessary by the  C.P.R. by building a railway along the  east shore of the Upper Lake, connecting Nakusp with the Arrow Lake line  at the mouth of the river.  The C.P.R.  by building to the C. <fe K. would lose  control and profit on airfreight as soon  as it got to Nelson, a very short haul,  whereas it would have a long haul on  all ores which could be carried over its  main line to American connecting  roads. It appears to us very important that the construction of the link  between the Nakusp & Slocan and the  Arrow Lake branch should not be de^  layed.  ,  ABOUT B. C. LEAD.  "' We are in sympathy with the sentiment   that ' the   " market  of Canada  should be kept for the product of Can-  dian mines and smelters," but we doubt  if a cent'a pound on le.-id will   accomplish it for that metal.  If, the produce  of'  Canadian   mines   were'  admitted  free from the United  States���������that is,  smelted and'refined there in bond and  then brought back, in   what   manner  would that settle   the  question 1   We,  have an immense surplus to provide^si  market for, and the price of any  commodity of which there is a surplus  in  any country, is regulated, by   foreign  or outside markets.    The entire iinpor-'  tation of lead   (none is   refined  here)  and   manufactures^of lead  during   a  late year (the most  recent   figures  at  hand).amount in total value to'������322-  379, and of this sum  pig lead   represented ������291,000, or at 5 cts. a  pound,  ������100  a  ton, 2910 tons���������or say   that  5000 tons of lead are consumed annually in Canada.    But what an insignif;  cant figure this is to base an argument  on in advocacy of a policy   to   settle  the status of " Canadian lead for Canada," as if providing, for   all   possible  lead production. ,,, ������ ,  About one-tenth of the lead imported into Canada comes from, the United  States, the balance from Great Britain.  Five thousand tons of Blue Bell ore  will furnish more lead than we believe  is consumed in the entire Dominion in  a year, and this quantity has l>een already exceeded in the few months since  the Pilot Bay smelter has been receiving Blue Bell ore. \ So, too, the lead-silver ore shipped out of Slocan since the  movement begun, six months ago, will  furnish more lead than- is ''required in  Canada for a year, and the production  of lead or bullion from, Canadian ores  can scarcely be said to have-begun.-'' ,  And should refineries be established,  could we supply eastern Canada with  the pig-lead it needs "for ' manufacturing ? They get "nine-tenths of it'Aow  from England. " Can British'Columbia  lead be sent from here to Toronto and  Montreal, and compete with England  against cheap ocean freights 1 Not1 according to any schedule of railway  freights that has yet been formulated.  But there is no good reason why the  west should not supply its natural products to the east, since the 'east"furnishes its manufactured products1 to the  west, this being done because there is  'a high tariff, and it ought to benefit  both sections. This does not, however,  solve the lead question, because the immense' excess of production over consumption must be provided forJ An  outside or foreign market must be  found, and we firmly believe the Mongolian nations across the Pacific which  produce the tea of the world, must  ���������finally bocome the consumers of British Columbia lead.'  ( Gold Stream Bridge to,be Built. ���������  A few weeks ago Geo. Laforme made  a proposition to the government to  build a bridge across Gold Stream, at  the.mouth of McCulloch Creek, for  $800, and wait for payment.until the  appropriation became available in July,  if he could have the contract given to  him'in March. J. D. Graham, Government Agent, under instructions from  lion. G. B. Martin, Commissioner of  Lands and Works, has in a letter, an  extract from which is herewith given,  authorized the construction of the  br'ulge: ��������� r  Silt,���������In accordance with instructions received  from the Commissioner of Ijinds and Works,  Victoria, B.C., and bearing date 22nd March,  18(1.), I am directed to inform you that your  tender to constructa Itridgo across Gold Stream,  Big Bend, has been accepted subject to the  condition that payment nIiiiII not lie made for  the same until after 1st .Inly next. The bridge  to be 170 feet in length, divided into one span of  (i(l feet, and two spans of 55 feet. The spans  must be laid on piles well driven into l,ho  ground, ami the ninth side of the hank well  brushed and secured to provonl.scouring. Good  stout, rails must be placed on each sldeof the  bridge which must bu at U-iwi seven feet wide.  All work must be of a substantial nature and  all limber must be sound and free from any  appearance of rot. Bridge must, be approved  before paymunt is made.  t Mr. Laforme has given the bonds  required, and startwl Friday for the  I3cii(l. He will hire men there who are  notemployed liutai-c waiting for spring  to open to boufiii mining. Thus the  government hns promptly responded  to the necessity for a bridge across  Gold Stream.  Star of the North.  The Spokane Spokcttman-Jicvicto, in  an article under the above, bending, expresses regret that the boundary line  is not far enough north to take in the  Trail Creek mines, but pays the following compliment to the Canadian  government: "It is but just to say,  however, that the Canadian authorities  are governed by an admirably liberal  spirit in their treatment, of American  intercM-H across the line. Life and  property are held in fine respect, nnd  ib.-re seems to be tin discrimination  whatever ii gainst American cit.i/.en.ship.  British ownership of the. rich domain  is the next best thing to American  ownership."  THE BIG BEND.  Some Particulars of its Earlier History^  The revival of activity in gold mining, .which has been the leading feature  in the search for precious metals for  the last few years, and especially those  branches of it which relate to placer  and hydraulic mining, has received as  much attention in the Big Bend district  of West Kootenay as in any other part  .of British Columbia. ��������� It is, of course,  limited in area as compared with Cariboo, but relatively it is far in advance  of many of the older' sections of the  province. The object of this article is  principally to give some of the eailier  history of the district, previous to the  completion of the Canadian Pacific  Railway, hi 18S5,i us preliminary to an  account of later, operations in-the  district, which had their beginning at;  that time, and which will appear in a'  future issue. - ������ ' ,  The entire, country :iltmg the Columbia liver, north of He.velstoke, as far as  Canoe river, about 100 miles, is known  by the general designatioti' of Big  Bend. The first discoveries of gold  were made on the tributaries of Gold  Stream,,a small river which flows into  tin? Columbia from, the east, about 70  miles above..Revelstoke. it was found  on French Creek' in lS(i">, and about  $:J2,()00 was got out that veaii. In 1.S00 ,  gold" to the value of $100,000 is'reported  to have been found, and - four, six and  even twelve ounces a' day to the man  were obtained on some claims,'and one  nugget worth $25!J was discovered. It ���������  is estimated that, this creek affords  about 25 miles' of mining ground of  which,not more than five'miles have  been worked. The deep claims have  never'been bottomed,' and- there are  hydraulic claims which require the  application of-capital and machinery to  secure the. gold known to be,in hid'ing  there.  ���������McCulloch Creek is a few miles lower  down Gold Stream and  is' only about  five   miles   long.    Its early  history is   ,  similar   to that'of French  Creek;   it  yielded about $100,000 in 1800, and $100 ���������  a day to the man on some claims.   The' '  surface diggings were well cleaned out,  and  the deep ground  was found too  difficult at ���������that time to .work by the  hand-methods then employed.  Some fair pay was found on Downie  Creek in 1807, but it has novel been  systematically prospected. It' is about  45 miles, north of Revelstoke.        L>  Game's Creek, about 30 miles up the  river, yielded $15 a day in 180(5. Work  was renewed in 1880, and one company  got $S to $10 a day to the man. This  creek is considered to be promising <  mining ground, and.-.lthe. benches are  believed to be good for hydra ulic operations. Bed-rock is-conjectured to'be  about 50 feet deep, and the creek Ms  somewhat difficult, to woi k by reason  of floods.  Smith Creek is n.large stream (lowing  ��������� into the Columbia from.the west; opposite Gold, "Stream.-',v in 1SS0 lit'term  white.miners/wore making $11.20 aday  to the man"." Tlie creek is 25 miles long  and is considered to be. very promising <  ground. r '  i Fernie Creek joins the Columbia'  some miles north of Smith Creek. In  early times $8 a day.to the man was  made, by four men for an en tire, season.  Including Smith and Fernie. cteeks  there are nine large creeks on the wests  side of the Columbia, before getting to  Canoe River, in all of which gold was  found in 18S7, and they all deserve to be  more fully prospected.  The above description of Bijt Bend  refers principally to gold mining in tta  earlier years. The means of reaching,  it at that time were by steamer up the  Columbia from Little Dalles, in Washington, to Laporte or Death Rapids, -15  miles above Revelstoke, where an impassable barrier to furthei navigation  was, met with. The way of getting ti-o  it from the coast and central British  Columbia, was by steamer from  Savona's Ferry, thence up the Thomp-1  son Rivers and through Shuswnp Lake  to its extreme north-east corner to the  town of Scymonr.'whero trail or pack  train was taken over the Gold Range,  striking the Columbia River not far  from Death Rapids. After the completion of the C.P.R. all ingress to it  lias been ���������from Revelstoke either by  trail or an occasional small boat towed  by hand power.  The above facts show what was' accomplished in those, early years, and  the possibilities of the district us they  exist to-day.. It may be. asked why  mining was not continued from year to  year without interruption. The answer  is that the rich surface diggings thou  discovered bad heen worked out : that  the excessive cost and great, trouble of  getting int.oBig Bend, which continued  For 20 years after its fir.s.tdisciv.vrvand  until fliu C.P.R. was fiui.-diert hf JSS5,  discouraged the miners, and more attractive prospects opening to them .  tliev were drawn awav to the new  fields.  Charles rioltcn.1?. M. W.ilker and  Lockie McDonald have been down the  river this week to take out sings (hat  would .he in 'the way <.f .steamers  between the Wigwam and the lake.  .  .Awarded  Hiyhost   slonors- -Wovbr.s   Fnir  MOST PERFECT   MADE.  A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder.   Free  from Ammonia., Alum or any other adulterant.  40 YEARS THE STANDARD, THE   KOOTENAY   MAIL.  PRACTICAL  C'vid Roads Where the Land is Level'  The illustration represents an admirable  , plan for constructing roads in level regions.  a a shows the level of  the   ground   before  working,  the road, ff the road - bed made of the  earth taken from both sido, ditches, t t  trench for placing tile which carry off the  surplus water. Water from roadbed naturally runs into the side  ditch, and then  (there make the voyage to Europe, ilia  boat, which is made from a cedar log.'is'  only thirteen and tf half feet over all, ten-  foot keel, and two" feet depth of hold. She  is decked with manhole plates, by means  of which the navigator's 'legs will be protected. He, will sail on Sunday for San  Francisco, where he will put three masts  d d are ditches on either side of   {n hjs little craft.    He  wants to carry the  boat overland' and then start for Europe'  from New York, but_ as his plan consists  in putting the boat on wheels and using  the track it is probable the railroad company will object. In this case Broman will  sail around the Horn. Broman is a Russian  and an expert navigator.   ������   AERIAL TRAMWAY OVER NIAGARA.  A Scheme loOosS the ������!ntsiracl Thirty I'cct  Above (lie KiiKlnx Water*.  A Lockport, N. Y., special says : ���������  Attorney George' W, Pound, one of the  directors of the Aerial Tramway Company  has sentto Albany a bill authorizing his company to erect a tower and landing place in  the State Reservation Park for the use of a  scheme which will be one of the engineering triumphs of the ago. A simihar one  has boon obtained willi reference to Queen  Victoria Park from the Canadian Government. Leading (Canadian politicians are  interested in the enterprise.    '      ,  The company proposes to carry tourists  across the Niagara Kiver over the brink of  the cataract and -hiny feet; above the raging waters. A double set ol cables will be  stretched'from the towers in the' Canadian  and American Paiks, wnh'a supporting  tower on Goat Island. On these cables cage-  !or pasture and cultivation. He calculates like cars uill be suspended by trolleys and  ne makes $18 per acre   from  bis cows and   operated by electricity from   the American  grows very ' 8>de-    The aerial line will follow nloug the  brink of the Amorican Falls to Goat Island,  fettling down to the tile is ' carried oif.  Very tittle fall is required lor getting rid of  .large quantities of water. The width of  the tile will of course depend upon the  Amount of water to bo disposed of. The  tile can usually be made near home. During those hard times wnen so many men i.re  out of work, it seems to me it, would be  advisable to utilize cheap labor iu the construction of better highways.  Safety and Profit.  How many acres does it take to keep  jows a year and what is land worth per  lore ? A correspondent says to his uiiiid  'this is the proper way to figure on the  profits of cows. He has been haudling, on  ������n average, 55 cows'on 170 acres of land lit  $2 per acre on the hogs. Ue  iitllo wheat, The farm has to keep the  jows., Ho buys nothing but bran and oil  tako meal and sells enough grain to pay  or theih. He grows two acres of potatoes  ,early, but they are a separate item from  r,he cows. He Keeps, on an average, 20  - ������ead of young neif6rs, making 73 in all.  Ho 'could mako 40 cows do tiie same  ivork, but thinks it' would not pay belter.  Ho feods along the line of safety, keeping  the cows com for tab io. " That is the, watchword of success iii dairying. No perishing  jut in tho cold and no feed wasted m the  stable. He has had a, silo seven years.  His noighbors thought1' he was crazy, but  he was a httlo nearer the front of the  procession than most of .them. He has  given'-a mortgage on the faim a hoist that  lias made him feel happy these hard times.  There are no hard times he thinks,where  '.he cow and pig are properly looked after.  Protection  for Small Animals.  If large and small cattle or hogs are fed  and housed' together, tho smaller animals  will hardly thrive. They will be whipped  away from tho trough and got,.loss than  their share of tho   food ; and   they will be  , driven around or from tho shelter, and the  large animals will scarcely" profit from the  misfortunes of their emaller lei lows, as  driving the others from foed and shelter  will " work off " a good part of the flesh  from the extra., feed, Sometimes the  the smaller animals are seriously _,yijurcd ;  and in the larger anin'als is developed a  quurrelsome^ disposition that is not desirable, to Buy the least. Yet other considerations make it a bad plan, to confine small  and larg- animals in the name eLclosure.  Muoli  better  results   will   he  secured by  .putting only' a'feV animals in the samo  enclosure, and those of tho samo size.  Oiling the Fellies.  " A practical man says : "I'liave a wagon  of,which piix years ago the fellies shrunk so  that tho tires ���������became loose. I gave.it a  good ooat of hot oil, and every year since  it has had a coat of oil or paint sometimes  both. The tires are tight yot and ihey  have not been set for eight or nine years.  Many farmers think that as wagon fellies  begin to shrink they must go at once to a  blaoksmi h shop and get the tire set. In-  ���������toad of doing , that, which is ofcen a damage to the wheels, causing tbern to dish, 'if  they will gcfBoms linseed oil- and heat it  boiling hob and give the fellies all'the oil  they can take, it will fill them up to ihe-'r  usual si/e and tighten to keep them from  shrinking, and also to keep out the water.  If you do not wish to go to the trouble of  mixing paint, you can heat the oil and tie a  rag to a stick and swab them over ap long  48 they will take oil." k i  und thence to the Canadian shore, forming  a cord to the bow of the Horse Shoe Falls.  The cars will be of Bleel, and tho cables the  best manufactured. The floors of the cars  will bo perforated to allow visitors to look  below, and the bide views will also be unobstructed.  If .the bill just sent to the New York  Legislature becomes a law, expert engineers  will bo engaged to superintend the construction'. The projectors claim that the  aerial tramway liue will be as'safe .as the  suspension bridges themselves. Each cable  will be independent, of the other, and sufficient to sustain ten times the weight of the  eara, and passengers. '1 he electrical engineer will be able to stop and start the car  anywhere on the line. The bill has powerful friends in the Legislature, it is said,and  New York will probably follow Canada in  giving requisite grants.  DOGS FOR THE STAGE.  t  M. Itlehard Says , That  Mongrel* Are  the  Aplesl Canine ('units.  HOW TOM KING WAS TRANSLATED.  A TAXE 01? SIMPLE FAITH.  Ernest Renan, the great French philosopher, once said that the good man heads  the procession of humanity, and that next  comes the scientist, and third the philosopher.'' This remark reminds mo of Tom  King, the best man I ever knew. Tom  was an old negro who lived in my native  village. He had tasted the bitterness of  slavery.. There-were scars on his wnstB  and welts on his broad back. When I first  saw Tom he was in his prime, a man of  magnificent proportions, a Hercules in  stature and in strength. He could stand  on the bottom of a canal-boat moored to  the village pier and toss a barrel cf flour  our. upon the wharf. The muscles under  his black skin wee then supple and sinewy,  his giantlike form was as erect as the pine,  and men turned to look as ho passed them  in the stseet, says Erntst Jarrold in Harper's Weekly.  'In his,early' manhood Tom was not a  good man. > One winter a noted revivalist  came to the village and opened'servioes in  the little Methodist church under the hill.  He compared the quiet little hemlet to  Sodom and Gomorrah, and thundered his  denunciations in a manner which struck  terror to the hearts of hie listeners. Tom's  only surviving relative waa his daughter  Dinah, who became greatly exorcised over  the spiritual welfure of her father, and  after weeks of' pleadiug persuaded , him to  go to meeting. ' This proved to be the  turning-point in Tom's career. The horrors of the fate awaiting tho sinner in the  future world filled Tom with remorse, and  he resolved to go to the aliar. It was only  after a week of brooding that he made up  his mind to tako this step. 'To make the  effort as easy as possible, he went to,tho  church eaily and secured a seat near to the  altar-rail. Tom's great heart was beating  like a trip-hammer when the preacher  invited the sinners to flee from the wrath  to comej' and he waa the first to prostrate  himself at the altar-rail, and to'bend his  gigantic   frame in an attitude of prayer.  His mind was in a chaos. , Ho felt as if  ho wanted something, bttt'ho could not tell  what it waa. ' For the following week ho  was a miserable man. He began to examine  those great problems which have voxed  the human soul ever since tho birth of  Adam. His feeble reason attacked such  problems as free-will and foreordinatioii.  He went to the  preachor, but obtained no  trying to gather all the powers of his finiu  intelligence in the'effort properly to fix hi-  feeble utterance to the task of addressing  the Infinite. Then ,with profound patho.-  and humility, he began:   '  "Our Father who art in heaven, we Thy  leetle chillun look 'way tru' de night shad-  dors into de ca'in Ian' beyon' de sea. Tonight, our Father, de fogs ob unbelef an' de  mists ob doubt am bein' swep' away by de  strong wind ob faith, an' we can see' de  crystal ribber an' de bloomin' fiel's ob  Paradise. De road has been tol'ble long an'  dusty, Father. Sometimes de water hat-  been sca'ce on do road, an' de sun has  burned hotter dan de fu'naca; but, biCat  de Lordl'de prornis' Ian'am only a leetle  waysy'ander. Our eyes am a-gittin: dim,  but we can see de sun a-shinin' on de jasper  gates an' de glory flood in' de walls ob do  holy city. De steeples and de winders am  a blazin' wiv de light. We's on'y a setliu''  on de steps ob heaven to res' befo' de  bosses ob fiah an de chariots ob crimson  ccmo down to take us into de green fiel's  wl'.ar de flow'ay, is eber bloomin'. In de  sweet fiel's ob Eden we can see de Solomon  Illy an' de roses oh Sharon, an' de bleedin'-  ,heart honeysucklo,ull sweater dan do honey  in de comb, De leetlcs bees, wiv gol'en  wings are a hnnimin*. Oh Lord, send quick  de bosses an* de chariots to carry us home,  'cause de misery am got us in de legs, an'  de us'niy am a-chokin'���������ah ���������'    "  Here Tom halted iu bis prayer, .swayed  back and forth, and fell heavily upon the  bench. 'A scene of excitement ensued.  Wkh'tender, reverent hands, the brethren  laid him upon some cushions taken from  some of the front pews. Already the pallor of dissolution was spreading over his  face.  "Tain't no uoe fo' to' sen' fo' do doctor  honey," be whispered to Sister Jones. "1's  got mall calL"  The radiance of an electric light fwas  shining in at tho window from the street.  The gleam caught Tom's fading gaze, and  a glad smile overspread his face as he mur-,  mured : ' ������������������>  G"See de light of de bosses 1 See de shine  ob   do   fiery   ,w'eola 1    Keerfel,    keerful,  Gabr'el ;  keerful, chile I ' Drive  deni fiah  bosses slow !    1's comin',��������� comin'���������comin'  _t i ,'       ..  And so Torn King was" translated.  ' M. Ricliard is a Frenchman and perhaps | rehef> Tom remftined in lhis mfmtal cou'.  the most successful trainer of dogs in t-ho j dlbioil f0P several week's, when suddenly  world. Ue has a troupe of dogs now with | his' mjnd waB reiieved. Asense of rest and  which he is creating a sensation in the big i happiness filled his breast. The preacher  cities of Kuropo.    One of his dogs  gives a ' told   him that'hehad been converted, and  capital,imitation of the serpentine dance.  Speaking of his dogs the other day, Mr.  Richard said : " Only one of my dogs is  thoroughbred.  He is'the bulldog, who does  A  Tom believed him. . He did not know what  conversion meant, but ho told his daughter,  " Once I was dark' inside, like a coal-  cellar,' but now I'Bgot a caudle in inahsoul."  Tom shook ol) the vices which cling to  weaker men as a lion might shake,.autumn  leaves from his mane. It was the blossoming of a human soul into an exquisite  goodness. Very simple, childlike, and  beautiful Tom's life became. He believed  in the Bible literally. With the sensuous  imagination of the negro, and the occult  divination of a mind winch dwolt continually ou high planes of thought, he even  aspired to translate the myeterios of the  book of Revelation. Tom never troubled  himself about current events, but after  supper he would open the well-worn Bible  and pour over the' wonderful book with  constant delight. And as the spiritual  horizon widened, and ail malice and tin-  unctiaritableness departed from him, leaving  a gracious kindness and sweetness winch  irridiated his rugged ieatuies. 'Ihe portion of the Bible which fascinated Tom  more than anv other was the story of the  translation of the prophet Elijah. In these  ico>i'oc1a:juc days, when the hummers of  materaliam have been coming down with a  the i-ausase stealing tr:ck. All the rest are crushing force, there are many who laugh  monsrels.    Triey are French  with otic ex-   *'��������� tb'e story of  the   fiery chariot  aud   the  Ml  ���������cy  &  it.  fcnv  IW  /f  ONLY A POOR LITTLE CAT.  She Made a 'Terrier Tired Itrforc She Wan  Through vtlth llliti.  She was only a blaak and white cat of  humble birth, and sho was returning from  a little, social party in tho neighborhood of  King and York streets, Toronto, ' It was  rattier late at night, but what of that  Cats keep no count of the hour, and bIic  was as dignified und proper in her bearing  as   a   mature   black '"v,     '-,���������..-.. ,   '   ' ,  and white ous3 need ^\. ������-<���������--"<��������� S> U'  X  m. Richards' dog is a cioakktte fiend.  319 Pounds Per Cow.  A correspondent says that from the fir.it  of September, 1893. till  September,   189i,  he made'319 pounds of butter per cow by  "per cow" he means every cow that gave  milk, whether old or young, fresh or farrow, and foi- the entire year. The dairy  consisted of five two-year-old heifers, two  old I'o'i'.i 14 years old, past their prime but  kr\tfor their calve;, ami 10 cows from  line*- " 10 years old. Nearly the entire  herd are deaoeud/.ots of these two old  cows.' lie gave them grain to the value of  $2-10.-10 from the 1st of October till they  went to trass in May, none after that date.  flaming horses, but doubt of its truth nevor  crept into the roomy chambers -of Tom's  faith. His Oriental fancy Haw the chariot  descend ������nd rise again wuhits living freight,  \Y'th beatific vision' Tom would cloae the  holy book after reading the story over  again,  look   up with   eyeii of faith through  | '.he ceiling until trie inotropic vehicle was  .swallowed by the  sky ; ih������n   clasping Ins  , callous hands in religious ecstasy ho would  -rag: "      -  Seed'Germination.  ception, an Irish dog. As a rule pure-bred  docs are no uee to me. ' The thoroughbred  la apt to be , one-s rif-d. By icstmct and  heredity he is a pomrer, a retriever, a run-  n������r or ������ome othpr fort o' .-i.ecialNt, and ms  mind u cot open to much oif.er knowledee.  But the rnon.'-e! b** not any special b^ni  by inner,U.nce. A mongrel, i: he i.e intelligent, i* l'ke'ty to be *n ������.ii-aroui><i dog,*od  when I find one tnat i.'. so 1 itndy i.is  chtracter to riud ou". for wftit he is ue������t  listed and then pive a Hp-ci*. course of  instruction in thai direction. One will learn  to play cariN���������as my Foliett her������ ha.8 done  ���������another will have a dramatic taint Mid : By a process of reasonnn/ peculiarly'his  f-hine in a little pautornim������, as my bulldog own the id^a took possession of loin's mind  Tambour doe������ ul ' Tr.e Saving of the Coiorx,' . tnat, '������ wnen lne summons came to join the  asketen in which Jimper-ou*te a wounded ' innumerable caravm>'" he would he trans-  soldier and Ttiinbour ssutscora m* and uivei j |^ud ju���������. ft, -he prophet had been. This  trie flag., J pr.-fer little dotfn, for wn-y are i Wi4M r,.)t ^oriHm on nil part1, it ���������> as simply  ea������ier to teacn, ami do not fnunten the &I1 outgrowth of hi������ faith, iff had read tho  ladies, who are my bet patrons." word") of   tr.e Uinut 'about fa.tll   like the  mustard ������������������d,   aud its   application   to   the  rfiiiOv.il i.f a mountain, and no applied this  ' literally regarding thu uVry cbarioi.    Then  ��������� nbi aa;i\ with   m  cf.'n'jomiU/.oi'of  partial  b'indneH" .ni'i rristirniitisrn, came upon him.  was found   d������ad   in  her home' on  Monday    bin once V.a w*rt form   was  bent,  mid his  " Wiiar, oh, whnr is do Koorl ICIijah ?  Whar, oh, whar h deitnod Klijiih, '  Who went up in ihe ch.iriot, o' Hull (  Sifo, now, in do promised Ian."  be. There was iioth.*  ing about her to  justify tho insolent  attitude of a Scotch  terrier/who suddenly confronted' her  with a snarl   and  a .-������������������.-'   -"  snap, 'Puss tried to making the for vi.y.  cross the street, but a trolley car was in tlio  way, aud the impudent terrier made bold  to chase her. .she suddenly turned, und  tho terrior stopped. Hor back went up,  her tail grew big, and she spat out defiance  at her. tormentor. The terrier may have  been rude, but he was discreet���������he kept  at a safe distance. Two or three newsboys,  a "red-hot" man aud a police ollicer were  interested spectators. They most ungai-  lautly sided with the terrier, who was now  barking ferociously but keeping well out of  pussy's reach. One of the boys threw a  stone at the combatants ; it rolled botwecn  them, and the terrier's attention waa diverted for a moment from his antagonist.  It was his first mistako.1' Puss saw her  opportunity and loapt at the terrier, landing fairly on his bask. In a second alio  had her claws full of his hair, and he was  running for dear life down the street. Puss  held on like a circus rider, contriving to  sink her sharp claws into his back at every  jump. Tho crowd followed, shouting. As  they passed an alley puss.jumped off and  disappeared in tho darkness. There is one  terrier in Toronto who has had enough fun  with cats to last him a lifetime.  A Woman  Lynched.  A  despatch  frcm  Kutt-s,    Neb.,  s*y������  Mr������, W, K. Holton, of Key a Paha county,  ,, l��������� r,,,.   ������������������������������������,,���������,���������������������������,;  i.��������� ,      i   ,   mcht by neighbour*.   She had been lynclx-d. ! lthsI nrinn 1.. r^an to wiih-r  I ilea tho   Ijrnhs  It ha* boon   ascertains by  .in extended       *   .    * . y.    t .  ' or a   rrr-  a������������������n������n  r,y  li^htninir.    But his  series of experiments   that   rye and WIlllep| H-r body w������. Iying on tho floor, with ap.n������   ,vrhi Clhnfi.,, by yii(rif ������ Vif communion  wheat will germinate   in soil  tho u-mpora- ! ������f !'������r>"' al'n"!' te", 't"1 l������"%' *n'1 "  "<>" ' ������nd r mni.i.y,  Hnp���������r,rt-d ,.���������,, m hi* adver������-  1 an.I  Mimiwr b<Mide her.     Ineroron. r  ������m,|,Vi  1 n,. Intle   oa-������4   or   r.jfriHniiKj  in   the  Hummoni'd,  ,ind  the.  ,iutr pay cnowed   tn.i-   deiTi of nH p>i>ii'-a. w-arin-iH To'm found  phi- haddii-d of strangulation, and nad ai-o  bff.n  aaiaulrcd.     Ihe    woman    wji   livin,.  ture of which 11 as low an 32 degrees.  Barley, oat*, flax, olover, and peas vwill  sprout at 'Ao degrees. The turnip is as  cold blooded a? tho rye and winter wheat  but r.hu carrot needs .'IS dcgreci, ami the  bean -10 'lugrees before they will milcn the  Initial pflbrc to send tho lite-shoot in fear.ili  of air and light.  Advantage of Warm Feed.  Giving warm feed to young animals not  /li������po".ed t,o bo thrifty will very often have  a happy effect. These animals may suffer  from weak digestion, which in turn produces a poor appotil". The animal doen  not. cat, htiutily, and what it doc* eat i<i  not well (hgestftd . A hot, mf-ss some cold  morning sharpens the appetite and tones  ip thr: digesl ion.  <u thfs wenfciy pi-Ayr-wi'Ting.     Jfo always  <*t in a rni^n bacicd  woo'P'ti  p<sv/ neai the  alone, as Imr busband bad bron   Ren',   to an ' ,\u,,r> rflrj,���������mf.-nns< -ndiy in,.! n������i was or an  insane asylum.     lr, ik Mippoin.i tbe mo- .i -. , ���������| ,.���������    Al ,j    ^out-uin^n     ra<������.     One    hot  of lynching was to prevent trie wom-in fr..m _ Jt.1^���������,r,   evemnv,   wli'-n  U\n   i.re'nrpn and  (7tvir.f< testimony ai'iiiust cattle "rmvlnri," ' ���������, -.,., w,.ro t)������.y.ni.'   rr.fr������������������ i'ifi,i,Mi  to-tb-i  art nhe had  been   summoned  n?    a   witnc-s   riw-r;.( flavriiirf .i"n.i/l n.i.;.,*.,; < linn to  against a gang of   thieve in    the   annuly.    iti������r.������M-;oti',; um.-'*(,r:i'.iLmhIiwi mid  Sue had borne a good  repuv.tion.     Jr. was , t/norr lfl0n>  tr.e    |,r?,u.n--r   aiuiti- ironi a  evid-nt thnr. she had foiiLdit   a hard   n^tt ���������; , hal:-lo/.*-, and without rising from Inn soat,  for h'-r life and r.ononr, .n the beHinv.iiid   hVkl(\ .  the clothing were torn and ncattcred iroiin-l       ,,r. ,--, .��������� . ... .     .   ,  ������ ! r.T:'. stii! remain u few minutes Msfore  INFLUENZA EPIDEMIC.  The Hiseasc Still1 Ltimeis tti I.nndiiu���������I.oril  l Hosel>cry's Iti-covcry���������rromlurnt   Shi  lerci't. "���������  . A despatch from London Bays:���������Influenza  still lingers here, although the weither is  mild, and,the death rale has touched 41.2  per thousand,one of the highest points ever  known in this city, where the' average  death rate is only about 19 'per thousand.  Lord Rosebory bus entirely recovered, and  is spending a few -.ays at tho Durdans, his  scat noar Epsom, From that place the  Premier will go to Deal, tho well-known  sea bathing resort on tho coast of Kent.  Baroness Burdett-Coutta, Mr. Henry Fowler, the Secretary of State for India ; and  Jtustem Pasha, the Turkish Ambassador to  Great Britain, who have been sullering  from influenza, are improving in health.  Amone the latest additions to tho list of  iliritiiiguishod siiifeiors of tho epidemic are  the Kail of Pembroke ->nd Montgomery and  Sir Douglas Gallon, the distinguished jii-  gineur, formerly inspector of railways and  iissidtant inspector-general of fortificatious  BALTIC Bilil DPEIie,  FETES LASTING A WEEK TO CELE-  ' BRATE THE EVENT.  Emperor Y?lllfani Is IVrionally Suprrin-  ,'    tending the I'ropnralioiiv���������War Vessel-.  Will   K>prest-ut  all   th������P Great ft'avle-  or the World,   i  A despatch from Berlin says :���������The  preparations for the opening of tho North  Sea and Baltic Canal aieon a grand scale  The activity all along the line from Kiel to  the 'North Sea ahowa that the Emperor  intends to celebrate the occasion with a  serieB of splendid,fet03 lasting a week.  . Tne Emperor is superintending personally  most of the arrangements" which are Btili  incomplete.' . On Saturday he telegraphed  ordera to Kiel that the royal reception  rooms iu the new Kiel station be decorated  and fitted out aftor the stylo of the state  rooms in the imperial oacht Hohenzollern.  Before the inaugration'ceremonies he will  again traverse a part of the 'canal with  Revcral' war ships to inspect the locks,  harbors, and forts, and rehearso briefly the  whole programmo as he desires Vo &ee it  carried out. , Rumor has thrown some  doubt on tho date of the opening. The  prolonged cold weather has hindered tho  completion of tho work, is was said, and  the canal would not be in condition before  July for the passage of the largo warships.  All thik is untrue. .The Emperor,visited  all thfi locks as far ,aa Brunsbunttell  ou Thursday, and then conferred with  the chief engineers, who assured him that  there was no obstacle in the way of opouing  the canal on tho original date. The Hamburg  banquet will be held on the evening ol June  19. The climax of tho celebration will be  the reception of the Emperor with a squad-  "Von at Kiel on tho 20tb. The weleommc  fleet'will include war vessels representing  all tho groat navies of the world, all the  excursion steamers ol tho nearby ports,  and a host of yachts 'from the whole North  German coast. The Kiel authorities are  planning anchorago for 150 large vessels.  The north German Regatta Society will  open tho boating weok on June '22. The  Imperial Yacht Club will follow this with  a aeriea of matches lasting from tho SMth to  the 27th. Racing will end on the 28tlr  .with an ocean match over the course to  Truvomuende.    ' '  Although tho Chauvinist section of the  French pross is ready' with prophecies of a  hitch in tho arrangements owing to international jealousy, the 'officials in chargo of  Kiel fear nothing o( the sort. Tho utmost  care baa been taken to obuervo every  minute detail of etiquette aud courtesy.  The intention is to make the naval parado  a harmonious and imposing spectacle,  creditable to every country taking part iu  it. The Emperoi is now receiving daily  clippings from the Paris journals, which  are iievqting,spaco to tho Kiel corenioniea^  His purpose is to get a good view of tho  sensitive spolo, aud then to'lay his plana  so aa to spare them.  the room.  A<=k ana   Receive.  An Ocean Craft Dug Out of a Log-.  In tho smallest vessel which over put. to  ������ea for a long journey Capt. GviRtavo Bro-  nian of Marsbfield, Oregon, oxpeota to mil  ������������ u ?.b'/r*r time to San Francinco, and from  Si//,ly���������1 know how to get htoifc.  Sr/./.ly���������(Jo nito a silnon an-1 buy if.  A Wiso Precaution.  utore)  Lady    (in   gimr.rnck    fnmture  Phew!  It's   freezing cold here.  New   Boy���������Yon'm.    That'll to kfep   tho  fnniuiro. from falling .to piooen,  Rev.   Wi/il Peer, formerly of Freolton, is'  pastor of t.hr; Baptist, oburch at Hef.pidor.  tho ci'.He. r,; the in<ic'.ing.     j'f uny on>j wished  'o /jiv a fe.w words -,r   to K-.id in ptayer ho  now ri.is  tr," cr.ii.'.e."  ,"ro:ii   f-ir '.'v.-y fin  L/,<: -!ro#-y *-v*-nlitc/  | iin cam- rr e rl'.t   i of -- v/ni' iiu-r a i,.     'J/.i.ii  | trie   ������i!fnoi    'a.h    :--'r!fti.   :y .t   n.iiiHIcrin^  I  funo-Mig,   wt r'.ri   fl   :v   ifr., ~is-< - .Jori'fl's  ���������yir,    prov.king   *  -'.r:r-K    and   a   i-ni(.k':r.  Ch-n    riil'.rre    -jj/a-ri.      i ",c    pr>,teller   was  ���������ilr'.'jt to tlofe th'"   nieeiiji;;,   v, !,>.,, r,|,| 'J7,rn  Kinjf pulled h,rn������"l!, by th<- !.< Ipcf the se.nl  in Iront, io   nil   ( r-'r,'  po-iiiiori,     Ifi- I (olced  Ilk*:, a' giL'.'intio .'.ak   which  -wa-jfarit. decay.  ini>, and iliere wan a ''Irt-mbli'iii/ oa'dtinccirr  his void! as lie Hitid, "Let it i pray."  Tom panned'  for   a   few   aeoonrio, ai if  1 .*      -1. i  A Tolling-Test.  Citiman���������Is country lifo healthy?  Commuter���������Heal thy'l 'J'hore aro man in  our village who have boon riding back and  forth in the smoking-car for three years,  and they're not dead yet.  I -  ' Two Spirits;  Flr.it Spirit (at the g,ito)���������Every Lrntcn  season f worn Haokclolh und uslies, -  St. I'mut���������Wait outside until I can  examine tin- n-st of your reourd,     '  Second Spirit���������I always put my ashes on  the front pavement.  St. Pftler���������Coino in.  Tho KiTect  Was Electrical.  Manag-i   -if.'Wilnl in., i |������iind������-r act affect  thr: .iiidier/rt: '!  (Jritio���������It rook the, hoimo hy'stonri.  The  Kin  Solontllleally Considered  Moihor��������� Whnt.'s that smacking noire in  tho parlor ?     '.'���������,��������������������������� /,,  .,-    -  Studious l'.oy (who'.goes'to sohool)���������It's  jiifilor anil her , yming mail exchanging  microbes;   , .'.  GREAT WAR BURDENS.  .VcverSo Hniir.Rien limle? Ai-iijs nrtjit the  Present Time  ,,It is not an unprecedented thing in lato  years for tho spring to bring to brng with  its rumor,or a prosago of war. But every  year tho rumor remains a' rumor is an undoubted gain. It.is enough to have one  war going on in tho world at a time, and  the Chinese anil Japanese havo now beon  fighting for more than a year, with what  consequent droadful sudoring the imagination refuses to paint. Everybody can see,  and, in fact, is tired ofdookmg at, tho colossal European paradox���������the nations lavishing thoir energies and resources on the  business of war, while groaning for the  boons of peace. Never in tho liiBtory of  civilization were there bo many mon under  arms, and uovor was thcio a more universal aud genuine ahrinking from the idea of  war. With the advance of democracy tho  appreciation of peace has distinctly risen,  and war as' an idea has fallen from the  pioud fositiou in which it wus hold to bo  the noblest of pursuits. It is now universally accepted as a curse, instead of a  glorioiiH game. ��������� Wo are eontont to read  about it in history���������we do, not want.ila  actual, realization in those days, when it  would Hcorn more of an anachronism than  ever.  .      IDEAS  OF  UNIVERSAL   l-KACK  advance slowly, but it is not impossible  that, even now we aie 'moving towards u  time wbon war will become as obsolete as  the trial by combat between individuals.  Up to tho Crimean war I1',mope had enjoyed  forty years of peace, ami had bc-sttu to  think that peace wasgoiug. to be perpetual.  During the' subjerjuent forty years the  Continent lias been tho scone, of no legs than  five great wars.whilo lor four of these years  tho count!y to the south ot us w.is given  over to one of the most terrible conflicts in  hUlory. But thero has been of lata a  growing diitaste for beginning a scriottb  international quarrel. Tho nations of  lturopo go on building ships ami making  (.-tun, but if a ctraiucd oituution arise, tho  eflbrls of diplomatists aro at oneo oxertu.i  to smooth nititUrH over in tho ihnrteat  possible time. There is one view of European and American arm uriunla which w calculated perhaps tovqualify the regret that  somotiiiics b������ lelt at/the immense amount  of vitality unvoted to military and naval  preparations, and that is thai, iionio dty in  lho future all the wosti-rn n Uiona will l-.ave  to stand rdionlijur to i.i'oiiiiiirr agmn-st the  countless millions of the Ko.st.  Hor Gilt.  Wife���������I'm so glad you like tho cushion,  George, for I bought it for your birthday  present. You'd spoil it in your library, so  we'll keep it iu my boudoir. I suppose  you'll got tho bill to-morrow���������it's awfully  expensive.      :  TO EVICT THE EVIL ONE.  Extraordinary <;ullil>i!iiy <*f ������ IVmani  Who 1'uncicd Hcmclf " vr^esse.l of thi  Oev!       ,  An extraordinary case illustrative of thi  superstition 'and gullibility(which rendet  somo people an easy prey to deigning indi..  viduals has just occupied tl:o attention o(  the Amiens (France) Pol ..e Ccurt. At that  town lives a venerable m nd, who, by some  ..razy fancy, took it into her head that she  was possessed of the "Evil One," who every .  night made his unwelcome appearance , at  hor abode and sent her furniture spinning  iu all directions. She implored thegendar.  nierie and the police to rid her of the diabolical presence. At last a gcod-Datured'  commission.iry Bent  an agent of   the law  (who? of course, saw and beard nothing) to  pass a night at her ibjde. ' {���������   ,  , In her despair' the old lady now bad  recourse to a somnambulist, v.ho told her  that the only, way to mako everything  happy and comfortable once more was to  procure a mystcriouumirror which was thon  m tho possession' of a merchant in New  York, and which she warranted to tvetaa an  infallible talisman. Tho worthy dnmo bad  no idea of exposing herself to the dangers of  the docp with the inevitable accompaniment of mal de mer, no in tier perplexity s-ho  applied to a business man named' Henne,���������  who consented to atartatonco on tbe voyage on the condition that his expenses  should be paid.  Lcnne was supplied as a first instalment with 500 francs, but in a fortnight ha  reappeared with a 3tory that ho had hoard  from Now -York that 'the taiisinuuic mir.  ror was iniLondon, whither he murt pro-  coed. Six hundred franca was given him  for his journey, but ho remained in the  neighborhood ol Amicus? his wife.taking  to lho old maid lottcra from time to time,''  in whi'.-h ho averred that he had entered  into lelatibns with policemen, lawyers,'  and even with the " Chief do la Marine,"  but that several thousand francs would be  required to curry tho whole tiling through.  No mirror' (taliainanic or otherwise) was  forthcoming, and soon" afterwards Lenue  got Ins. victim to sign various promissory  notos for him. , >    '  ' At last mutters , came to a head. The  old lady , bad parted with all her. money,  and tho notes lemained unpaid. Threatened with ' a prosecution in consequence,  the victim turned on her pioseoutor, who  was arrested ' with an accomplice. Lenno  has beon sentenced to fifteen months' im-  prinonment, and the other culprit to two  months' ot-tho'same penalty, ^ At the trial  the old lady expressed the coufid. nt hop������ '  that she might yet procure tho talisman,  as tho demon was'still playing havoc with  hor furniture and turning her house upside  down.' " ,.       ,  FOR RESCUING AMERICAN SAILORS.  Gold Valelies   mid   Wertnls   Awnrdrd   (������-  Foreign Mariners Tor Heroic Services.  Tho    United   Slutcs   Government   has  shown its   appreciation of   the services of ���������  foreign   mariners   in < reVcuing   Amorican  sailors from danger of death at sea. by forwarding a gold watch and chain to' Capt.  H. E.   Thuestad of   the  Norwegian bark  Chrysolite,   in' recognition  of   his huroio  services in rescuing the officers and crew of  the Amcrican'slnp Titan, Oct. 9, 1894 ; a  gold watch   and   chain   to   Capt.   George '  Keller of the Gorman  steamship Brilliant, '  for heioic services in rescuing ihe officers  aiid crow of the American schooner Wiliia-  mine, Nov. 2(i, 1894 ; a gold meJul to J.  Seidonburg, second officer, and M.'Sliath-  in inn, boatswain, of tho German steamship  Brilliant, for lho   same'service ; a'silver  medal   to  H.   Cohrs, H. 'Brown, aud H.   ,  Marshall of the Bri.liant ; gold medals to ,  .1. H.  Orion, fourth ollicer, and>W. Fitzs- '  putrick, quartermaster, aud a Bilver medal '  to I. Seed, boatswain's mate.  Silver medaJB were also tent to D. Jones, i  L. McLaughlin, and Albert Htwlcy of the'  BritiMh  steamship   Teutonic,   for  gallant  and heroic ofloris to lesoue the master and  crew of tho American schooner Jobie Reeves,   ,  Fob. 8, 1895 ; marine glaHsea to Cy.pt.   W.~  Thompeon, of the British steamship Durham City, for humane services in rescuing  the   (.Ulcers  and crew   of   ihe   American  schooner Alice T. Boardman, Oct. G, 1894,  und   to  Capi.  Thomas  Casporson    of the .  Norwegian hark Johnuune, lor his humuuo \  net vices in etl'ecting the rescue of two sea- '  men of tho American schooner Henry M.  Stanley, -July 0, IS9I. 'Ihe awards will bo  distributed through the State Department,  Tho governing body of Trinty College  School lias decide 1 to rebuild ou tho  present aito.  A confereno ��������� of Australian Premiers at  Hohart, Tasin'������i.i., ndoptod a revolution  favoring the nppoi tionment of the cost of  a Pacific cable union^ England,Canarlu.and  the colonies of Australia.  'J'lie remuins of lahmael Pasha were  buried on Thursday in Cairo. Ihe funerul  pro--c8.sion which followed the remains wai  compnhcd of trio ohiof European and Kiyp-  liaii oilicials, the members of the diplomatic  corps, the religious notabilities, etc. Tho  Khedive' led the wuy on foot, and the  crowded atreots were lined by British and  Egyptian troopB.  WHY DRUNKARDS SEE DOUBLE.  Two IHnllnet, Optlcitt  Operntioim Une   to  lilslor.ntiou of Ihe Nerve Onlres. '  The reason that a man nees doublo who  has gu/.ed too long c:i the wine when it is '  red is that tho uorvo centres are changed  by the action ot the alcoholic poision. ,  Thpre isa want of harmony in tho action  of the muscles which move the eyeballa.  Consequently, instead of both eyes being  focused Biniultuneou.dy on un object, one  nyc receives an iir-pioi-Bion independently  of tlio other. The two impreoHiona uro ,  communicafd to tho brain ami the object  is therefore heon tiiice. The inflamed  condition of and lot-B of energy in tho  brain centres from over-doses of alcohol  also account, for thn stiig.-oring gait ot an  intoxicated m.in,  Iuia"is in France. ,  It is not ������i;rmi:il\) L'liowu that in France  it is forbidden, under uovoro penalties, for  any one to givo infants under 1 your any  form of solid food, unless such be or do.rod  by written perscription, signed by a legally  qualified mcdicul man. Nuuen am also  forbidden to use, in the rearing of infanta  confided to their care, at any time or under  i������iiy pretext whatever, any nursiiij; bottle  provided with a rubber tube. Several  other similar and equally stringent laws  have recently been enucted by the Fr.nch  Government, which,'despairing of obtaining any increase in the birth-rate in their  lund, is now turning ita attention to tin  saving of the faw children that uro born.  He Saw for Himself.  The landlady objects to einoking, (foosn'l  sho ? BBked tho now boarder of oiie of tli������  older inmates.  Yes.   'Did alio tell yon ao ?  No; but I noticed thM. nothing ever oomes  to the table smoking lm>'r  The Nebrnuka Siiiftto bus r.-ttRBod t.bo bill  abolishing tho dc~.'a jcen-iky.  wmWS HIOJIBI AID ITS PEOPLE  THE STORY OF A YACHTSMAN WHO  WAS BLOWN TO BOUNTY BAY. (.  Some or Hie History of This Ever-intcr-  ' estlnrf Ciilnny Hrtold���������Welcoming the  St rangers���������tire iu the South sen Ulopiu.  There is a spot on this globe where the  golden a������e still   lingers, where  mankind  exists  iu  primreval simplicity, and peace  and    socurity   prevail.     To   be   sure    its  extent iu limited and its population scanty,  but good things are put up in small parcels,  and diamonds arc  not  as  large as cobblestones. ',  Some years ago I waa making a yachting  '   cruise,   here,   there,   and  everywhere,   ou  board of a'smart little schooner of 250 tons  named the  Nautilus.    We   were about a  fortnight out from Sydney, N.S. W,, when  wo encountered a heavy gale of wind from  . north-northwest   that  drove   us   before it  under a close-reefed mainsail aud a' atorm  jib for three blustering days, during which  the weather waa  to  thick that  no observation could   be   got,   and   wo   depended  almost wholly upon the nautical guesswork  "called f'dead reckoning,", which, like  the  medical guesswork ,called "diagnosis,"    is  , ,as   frequently .wrong    as   right.    On-the  .fourth day,   however, about  noon the sky  cleared, and the  owner, skipper, and both  mates were very busy searching the heavens  for our   missing    latitude   and longitude,  which were discovered to be somewhere in  the South   Pacific   Ocean,   far   fron. any  known land and quite out of the track of  vessel s.  , The next morning dawned bright and  pleasant, a nice breeze sprung up, tooling  us away like the zephyrs poets sing about,  ind about 9 a, m. a'tiny object seemed to  sprout out. of the^edge of the horizon like a  button mushroom in a meadow. At first  wo laud lubbers thought it, was a sperm  . whale, an oceaD mammal plentiful in that  region, but as it st.-yed ever in one place  right-on our port bo wand yetsesmed to grow,  Incomparably the raggedest of the men  was a spare, sallow fellow of about 40, with  an unmistakable New England cast of feat,  urea and a Yankee drawl which would have  become Uncle Sam himself. His name was  Warren, and he was married to the prettiest  and moat refined-looting young woman on  the island, a daughter of Edward Christian  the elder, and Bister to the handsome lad  whom I had noticed in the boat.  Warren bad deserted from a whaler that  had touched at Pitcairn some eight years  before our arrival, and made up his mind to  cast his lot in with the simple community  with which he found himself, and hid married the belle of the island���������and a very  pretty, riice-maonerod body she was; with  two chubby children, neither of whom  showed the slightest irace oi the rounded  features that mark the imperfect evolution  of the Kanaka and Maori race, which seemB  to be about half way between the negro and  trie Aryan.  Mrs. Warren, however, is, and it must  bo said, all tne femalo population of this  " geni of the ocean " are, perfectly modest  and ladylike, quiet and reserved in manner  and dignified in demaanor. The only lively laughing lassies among them are those  of the Clan McCoy, who, being descended  on the male side from Pat McCoy a mutinous furetopmau of the Bounty, have the  Celtic temperament, "half sunshine, half  tears!" together with the'blue eyes and  ready wit of their ancestor.  Members of the Clan Christian, on the  contrary,show the innate quiet reserve that  we are so' accustomed to attribute to the  British upper classea,andare the aristocracy  of this microcosm of tho Pacific, the community .bei'jg always presided over by one  of that family, who, like the tribal rulers  of old, is priest and chieftain both, from  whom there ia no appeal. ' ' '       I  The female element of Pitcairn is des-' |  cei.ded from tho Kanaka girls, who followed their white husbands and lovers in the  Buunty.on her departure from theSandwich  Islands, the presence of whom on board was  a prime cause of the mutiny against Capt.  Bliuh, who disapproved ot the feminine  irruption into his ship, and had ordered the  sweethearts and wives to be' summarily  divorced and left behind.  at will till wanted for the' table, fried  flying fiah, pork, bread fruit baked, boiled,  and toasted, yams, cocoanuta, guavas,  cbirrimoya, aud bananas made up the  menu, and the afternoon wa3 devoted to  rambles over the island, drinking at the  one spring of fresh water which, strange to  say, gushes from the rock about half way  up the steep pinnacle that towera above  the village, and is visited thrice a day by  the barefooted damsels for water, which,  they carry down to their homes in calabashes poised on their headB in true classical poses ; admiring ihe velvet sward,  dotted by lime bushes, which'a landslip  has formed on one side of the island,' the  only spot of level ground in the whole  place, and, when evening fell, strolling  reeretfully=idewn to the lauding place,  accompanied by the whole tribe,' where we  sat upon the rocks waiting for the whale-  boata to takeua back to the yacht, and  listening to the sweet strains of " Nearer,  My God, to Thee," sungasa parting ode  by the natives of thia^a'r-off fragment of  the golden age hidden in the bosom of the  Pacific  Ocean.  of Christian activity, and'.his influence  among the volunteers is attested by this  anecdote: "  One day at Wimbledon, where Lhe. volunteers had assembled for drill and target  practice, a number of officers gathered in a  tent were indulging in loose conversation.  On the entrance of Captain MacGregor a  few of the officers, after the usual' salutations, continued the talk.  " Gentlemen," said MacGregor, " we are  met here to serve our queen ; let us not  dishonour our'King of Kings."  The lewd men were' hushed into decent  AN ALL-ROUND MAN.  THE CiISES"IIID THEMSELVES  on board and did not make their appearance  till the ship was in bluo water.when it was  plain that not even the Kanakas' dexterity  in swimming could bring them safely to  land if,as the skipper proposed,they should  bo chucked overboard.  Even in the early days of theTsettlement  on Pitcairn, when the mutineers, iu iinita-  &3 it were, out of the sea, we determined it was \ tion of Xerxes and his army,1 had "burned  LAND'OF   SOME SOKT,  . and were comforted. .Presently the button  mushroom became a towering cli IT of rugged  rock,', "spiring to the sky." Then the  frontage of thick woodB clothed the'pull  ascending mass, then a feathery fringe of  cocoa  palms   enwreathed the   base   of   a  their boats," the presence of the ladies led  to strife,those of the men who wero wifeleBa  proposing' to , adopt tho methods of the'  Romans with the Sabine lussoB.aud to take  by force what they could not win by love,"  while those who had wives and sweethearts  were minded to,keep them at all.rieks.  ��������� Only the statemanahip of the Christian  of that day sufficed to quiet the commotion  I and to persuade the unwilling bachelors to  ' rtn.iupBn  f.Viai r anula   in   nAt.inrittci r������l I   rl.o r>io!n rt  mountain, a tiny   bay dotted with jutting ; poo'He88 their8ouls in patience till the rising  - rocks appeared right ahead, audrthe crim-.generation should  arrivo  at marriageable  son folds of a British red merchant ensign ! ul-'c������  tt   task, which would have ' taxed   a  fluttered from the top of a denuded hibiscus - G'adaione's political sagacity and   powers  , . ,   .    , .     ,, j of persuasion to the utmost, and the success  and was lowered   m friendly salutation to   0f which speaks  well for the eloquence of  our approaching vessel. (     .. i tho chieftain aud the patience of the Brit-  Our flag was dipped in acknowledgment, :is" tars' thus condemned to, choose   their  oho  a.u���������,;i���������o .,.������������������ \ u. .    .c       ���������   j   L     I mates in  the cradle'and to brine them up  the JSautilUB was brought to the wind, her ' ���������    .u -i i     n .1 i  .,   .     .   , .' -       ,    ,' "(in the way   they   should   go,   themselves   ������������������������������������,���������������������������������,,,.    Aa captain  oi tne  coyai  oresail   hauled to windward, and she lay .'meantime- withering on the virgin thorn "   Canoe  Club    ne-discountenanced canoeing  to, gently heaving up and down in front of       The task,  however,   was .accomplished,   ),������������������������������������������������������������������������ ���������u t   a scene that looked liko the garden of Eden 'and in the fullne8B of timo'all were accom     "' *"*"���������"" m "   in its most palmy days, before the fruit of  "Kob itoj" .Mactirrgor Win a Mltlc or Ev.  erythln-r at One and the. Same Time.  A man can be an athlete, a canoeist, a  yachtsman,"a volunteer soldier, a lawyer,  an author, a popular alreot-preacher, a  gentleman and uu everyday. Christian.  Doubtless such an all-round man ia rare;  but "Rob Roy" MacGregor was one.  ��������� 'Ihe fame ot his canoe, tho Rob Roy.gave  him. his nick name. It was known on the  Rivers of Europo, Palestine and Egypt.and  he had named it after his famous kinsman,'  the'' Highland chief, whose simple rule of  life was to take when he could and. keep  what he might.'    ,. r  .Toliu McGregor might havo gained a fortune,' for he was a successful patent lawyer.'  an author whosa books sold, and a popular  lecturer; but ho did not care to be rich,and  valued money only as'a means of helping  the helpless. So popular was he as u lecturer that one hundred and twenty-six  lectures,- delivered throughout England and  Sco tland, netle'd 'fifty thousand dollars���������  every penny of which he gave to religious  and philanthropic objects,      '  ' '  Although'philanthrophy was the ,great  business of MacGregor's" life', he did not  neglect himself. A robust man, of great  muscular strength, he was wiseenough ,to'  know that without'fitting exercise und, recreation his body would fail to respond  when -he called upon it to help him in his  professional and philanthropic work. Therefore he skated with a vigor and grace that  caused.spectators to ask who he'waa.  "That's MacGregor, the ragged school  and ahoeblack man' 1 Some' one would  reply.  He was uu expert swimmer, and beljaved  that every one should learn ��������� to swim as a  Christian duty," because it gave ability to  save other lives.    As captain  of the Royal  Eve's    transgression hid driven, our   progenitors out  into the  world to  work for  . their livinjr. *    ,-*  "What paradise, is -this, sprung like  Aphrodite from the sea ?"' I asked, wondering.  "Bounty Bay.'Pitcairn Island," answer-  -  ed the skipper ; " and a nasty place to bo  caught in if the weather  is foul, for there,  ain't an inch of solid holdin' ground for an  anchor within, 3,000 miles.    Howsomever,  the  sky  looks peaceful,   and I reckon we  t can skirmish about for a day or so while wo  fill our tanks,' get some fresh grub aboard,  ��������� and give you all a run a8hore I"   ' -  i, By this time two smart whaleboats,  ' manned by crews of handsome, stalwart  , young fellows, brown skinned, brighteyed,  and lusty limbed, had put off and wero  dashiuujt.O|Ward^.the_schpoiier.._making the  3pray fly in arches from their' bows. In a  minute they were alongside and leaped'on  deck with,a merry greeting.  " Welcome ! ' welcome 1"   they  shouted  in'plain English, shaking hands warmly'at  1 the same time.    "Glad to see you at Pitcairn 1"  Ono young fellow, about twenty years of  age, held back a little from tho boisterous  greeting of his companions, and contented  himself with smiling cordially and welcoming us in more subdued fashion. He had  ' the brown skin common to all the lads, hut  his blue eyes and hair tinged with gold  bespako   ,'.','  ANOLO-SAXOK BLOOD,  and his Bmellarched feet and shapely handa  proclaimed that blood to be gentle.-  '.     His name was Edward Christiau,   great-  grandson of the midshipmon Christian who  had led the mutineers of tho Bounty in'their  - attack on their Oftptain, Bligh, and   in tho  consoquentsctllcinenton the lonely volcanic  rook in mid-ocean, the burning oi their ship,  and tho   pUnling of its varied cargo of all  the fruits of tho earth,the bringing forth of  which has caused the barren rock to burst  out in a richness of bloom, fragrance,   and  b auty that makes indeed, " tho desert   to  bloufioiri as the roso."  Off we started for tho   shore, on   which  grouped picturesquely about  tho rocks aud  on tho littlo stripof shingle that does duty  for a bfloch in this almost inaccessible spot  of'lonely land, were somo dozens of nutiies.  Wo wero cordially welcomed  by a crowd  of happy-looking,comely people of all ages,  tho    girls   with    their   abundant    tresses  gracefully   wreathed   with    floweis,    and  wearing   each a " lata" or  garland about a  shapely waist or over oni  Bhouldor.    Tho  elder women,with palm-leaf hats   or ' kerchiefs   tidily knotted on their   heads, und  tho   men   dressed'in  a< rough, half-sailor  fashion, butall barefooted, and most of them  raggnd, for clothes aro the hardest thing to  coirio by in this far-off, isle so abruptly out  off from the rest of tho world.  Many wore the "tappa." of native cloth,  trade by boating out the inner bark of a  sort of mulberry univcrBulin the isles of the  Pacific Ocean, and theso garments wero  curiously marked by linos und dola in rude  imitation of the printed calicoes worn by  those who could boast such foreign fashions;  but, "tappa" being merely a kind of paper,  is but poor defence against the weather in  the rainy seussn, and unpleasantly warm  wearing in the summer, so that cotton or  eloth is at a high premium and a print dress  is us much ,  AN   AHTiCl.r,  OI'  MJXUIIY  vfitb I,)-'-'-"* bUnduli) as a Velvet.rube ia with  UK-. '.'������������������''  modated with partners, tho late comers  having the laugh at the others in that their  Rachels, though- long waited for, were  young and blooming while their rival  Leahs were growu gray and blear-eyed.  I But this ia ancient history. "  j    <VVe mounted the sloping, wiuding, rocky  i patch leading from the beach up to a cluster  of cabins,   built of  bamboo and   thatched  with neatly plaited pulmctto'strips accompanied with the  ckowd ob; natives  which   had   received   us.      Green  shining  leaves   of  tho  bread-fruit   tree,   with  its  curious globes of farina, the sharp spears of  the Spanish bayonet plants,  lime shrubs,  with   their   little  verdant  balls   of  fruit;  oranges,   with   there  golden  spheres  and  fragrant flowers; cocoa palms, with feathery  crowns about, their heads and great pendulous  cases of tough   fibre,   protecting  the  delicious jolly and refreshing milk within:  custard apples, with crystals of grape Biigur  gemming their  cups  of nectar  ambrosia ;  bananas la-leu with their vo,?otab!e sausages,  vines of various epeciea with their purple  or amber clusters,glowing in the sunlight  like the jewel fruit of the Eastern tale, and  floweis' of  all kinds,   colors,  and  scents,  blooming on. trees, shrubs, aud trellises,'or  wreathing   the   path with garlands, made  the ascent a daylight dream, from which  we  aroused to find ourselves   on   a  level  green,   on which stood Christian's  pretty  cottage  and  the   Bchoolhousc  and church  combined, in which these simple folk taught  their children, through the week and worshipped on Sunday.  Hero wo were greeted by Edward Christian the elder, chief magistrate and pastor  of Pitcairn, a tall, spate, gii/zled man with  gracious bearing as of one accustomed to  rule.' We viaitcd a neat schoolhouso and  heard recitations and singing that would  have been creditable in a lyceum at home.  Tho part singing was charming, and to our  surprise we saw that tho performers read  easily from notes. Mr. Christian explained  that two gentlemen, a German and un  Englishman, bad been visiting the island  somo years before, and, a sudden storm  urisinc, had been deserted by their ship,  which was forced to fly and to make for  the open sea without waiting, tor her passengers.  'lho gentlt-mon were detained nearly  three years on the island beforo another  vessel touched at it, and gave them an  opportunity to return to Europo. Meanwhile they had amused their leisure by  teaching the natives vocal music. It was  strange indeed to listen to Mendelssohn's  part-songs,  by persona who were not swimmers.  In the gymnasium MacGregor held his  own as an all-around athlete. On the mer  he could pull a pair of sculls with greater  skill end strength than when he - rowed in  the ��������� Trinity eigh't. ���������' He was a formidable  boxer, and once at a thieves' Bchool gave  amusing evidenco of his muscular Christian-'  ity. ,       "  "One of the' men," he wrote in his diary,  "gave mo a great blow in tho breast in  anger ; but we became the beat of friends  afterwards, when, he saw how it waB returned."  Tho man who, in a practical way, taught  that, "the glory,of a young man is his  strength," also showed that the highest  athletics'are not incompatible with'a holy  life. He was one of tho most popular .street  preachers in London, and could win the  roughs to him by his hu.nor and good temper.  Once, while preaching in a London street, ;  he was annoyed by a young ruffian who "  tried to croato a disturbance ; but so marked  was MacGregor's good humor that at last  the young rough exclaimed in admiration :  " Dcn't he keep his temper beautiful,  with all that impudence from those fellows !"  Immediately after MacGegor was called  to the bar he started tho Lawyer's Prayer  Union, an association of members of the  legal profession who at stated times prayed  for the queen aud " all that are in authority," the chancellor, the Parliament, tho  ministry, tho judges, and for "right  judgments, true lawn, good statutes and  commaudments." This quiet, privato Association of lawyers, who are " men of  prayer," is working to-day on tho identical  lines laid down by John MacGregor forty-  two years ago.  In J 859 the movement for the formation  of Yoluutcer Corps spread throughout  iingland and Scotland. MacGregor  entered heartily into it becauso he  believed in . its motto, "Defence, not  Defiance," and was appointed captain of  the London Scottish Rifle Volunteers.  Master of every detail of drill and a prizewinner at target-shooting, he was a popular  officer. Ho used his popularity to enlist  the men in tho Volunteers' Prayer Union.  speecn. ,     i  When he left the tent an officer, one of  the "sinnera," asked, " Who is he ?"  Promptly came tho answer from another  "sinner:" "John MacGregor, one of the  finest men that treads God's earth !" "  From that day no one indulged  in loose  language in his   presence.     "Hera's Mac-  j Gregor !" was the, cry that   silenced unseemly talkers. ' ,   .  .Mr. MacGregor had many philanthropic  "irons in the fire." He was an active  worker in more than a dozen societies, but  his businessliko fashion of doing his work  enabled him to get through it all, und to  attend to his own profession and to the  claims of friends. He illustrated the trite,  true saying, " If you want anything done,  always go to the,man who has most to do."  " ' His hobby w������s the Shoeblack Brigade,  which he organized in 1851. It began with  ten dollars, subscribed by four 'gentlemen,  and one boy, who had a bullet in his nock,  got in a juvenile burglary.  The boy, with his shoeblack box, gave a  first "demonstration" by blacking the boots  of the four gentlemen, ,who kept him at  work by walking now and then in the street  puddles to get a splash 'of mud on their  boots. The growth and pecuniary success  of this small beginning are illustrated by  this paragraph in Mr. Edwin Hodder'a  "Life cf John MacGregor :"  ' "r The philanthropic enterprise now extends to the whole kingdom. Thousands  of boys have been trained under its auspices, but at their own cost. The wise  forethought'which prompted the founders  of the Ragged School Snoeblack Society to  'dispose of the earnings of the boya'mto  equal proportions (one part for the boy's  I pocket, one part to the society's-fund for  working, expenses, and one part to the  boy's bank) has been the rule to this day.  Every year the earnings have Eteadily increased,' until in 1892 they reached, merely  for shoeblacking, the eum of seventy-five  thousand eight hundred pounds (three  hundred arid soventv-nine thousand dollars)." "...       'v  The Shoeblack Society/ is Dot the 'oniy  monument to MacGregor's forecasting  philanthropy, but it is a prominent and  permanent one.  THE HELD'O? COIIERCE,  Some Items of Interest for the Busy  "    Business Man.  Canadian securities in London continue  firm as a" rule. Montreal 3J per cents, aro  3 higher at 97, aud Toronto 3^'a unchanged  at 96. Manitoba 4's are 1 higher at 105,  and Vancouver's 4'a 1 higher at 100.  The speculative grain markets are fairly  active just now. There ia a slight rep.ction  in prices after the boom of, about three  cents in Chicago wheat on the small estimated stocks in farmers' hands.���������  The United Statea Government report  issued on Monday evening, shows a comparatively small amount of wheat in  farmers'   hands.    The amount ia placed at  BRITISH SAILORS.  While Being Vtlilird l������r the IVess of Paris  mid Kerllu They Miikv Whul Tlsay Can  ������o.  At a moment when the press of Paris  and Berlin waa vilifying British seamen for  brutality and inhumanity in connection  with the Elbe disaster, British soainen off  the harbor of New York were displaying.  an act of braveiy iu which they imperilled  their lives. A Yankee schooner, named the,  ..Toaie Reeves, had become unmanageable,  and was adrift opposite Long Beach. She  had nine men on board, who signalled for  help. Their, death was olmont certain unless relief came. By aud by tho Teutonlo,  herself,missing���������came along,nsheathed in  ice, and unable   because of the weather to  cross the bar.    She saw the siirnals.'and in  75.000,000 bushels as,against 114,000,000 a   the mi(lat of thafc   fiorce hurJodM  four 0'f  year  ago and 1155.000,000 two yea���������   ago.   her orew went in a Hfcboftt t0   tho  ��������� Razors by Machinery:  The manufacture of razors by machinery  has now become a fixed ' fact in Germany,  and the quality ofj the .> article is said to  compare favorably with' the best Sheffield  produot, the process being also applicable  to scib8ors making. Adie bearing the impress of arazor blade and tongue, or,of a  scissors blade and bow, as the case may be,  is screwed into the bottom of a drop hammer, which is worked by band over a  pulley,,, a corresponding die boing placed  on the anvil on ' which the . hammer  falls ; the end of,the steel bar or ramrod  having been heated to a red heat is laid  across . the ��������� anvil,- die; and the hammer,  falling with a weight of about thirty hundred weight or leas, according to<the size  of the article to be produced, forces the  metal into the mould,this, .Then withdrawn,  appearing in,the shape of a perfect razor or  scissors blank, but surrounded with a'fray  or fringe, which is afterward pared with  the striping tools as waste. - This operation  is repeated indefinitely, according to the'  extent of tho order in hand, the tools being  then changed on to another size of blade or  scissors. Repeated blows ot the hammei  aro'required to forge some of the blanks,  regulated bv their size and shape.-  .   The Balloon Ballast froze.  The balloon  Albatross', belonging to the  military  in Berlin,   made   an ascent   last  Friday in order to ascertain what effect the  intense   cold would   have on   the balloon  and instruments. The balloon sailed away  ; over Spandau, wont over the Elbe, and,  I after a   voyage of_.ten_hourH.^camn^down  towards 7 p. in. near the Baltic.    At 1,000  metres the wind was from the south-  southwest ; at   2,000   rnetrea thero   was a  perfect calm, bo that the balloon stood quite  still for an  hour above a   village.    It.had  therefore to descend to catch another wind.  The cold at the higher points waBsointenso I giveu for a pre-eiisting- debt, or preference  that the moiBt Band in the sacks wub frozen .of any description made within sixty days of  Corn'is 497,654,000 as against 5S9.000.000 a  year ago ard 627,000,OllO two years ago.  The Chicago markets for .both theso  cereals are higher in consequence.  , Trade movements have not been brisk  during tho past fortnight in the lowbr  portion of Quebec province, the princii ai  features of the soasou in a commercial  sense being a revival in the ' prices of fish  duo to the Lenten period, and the appearance of seed, quotations of which are also  very fair. The Canadian Pacific Railway  has now leased the lower portion of tho  St. Louis Hotel, building 'at Quebec for  office.purposes, and there ' are possibilities  of the entire structure being taken over by  that company. 'A alight increase in the  vaiue of real estate in the close vicinity of  of the new city' hall'is also noted.  A return has just been published ��������� by  Superintendent Fitzgerald, showing ' the  business done by'the different insurance  companies in Canada for 1894. Premiums  paid for the year "aggregate ������9,911,654 as  againBt $9,632,779 in 1893. ' Of the amount  last year ' ������5,434,898 went to Canadian  companies, 81,078,019 to British and S3,-  39S,7i>7 to United States companies. Total  amount* of new policies taken out was  S49,263,94S as against ������45,202,847 in 1893.  The net amount of insurance in force ia  S308,795,S81, of which ������117,628,911 is iu  Canadian companies, ������33,884,529 in British  and S>97,2S2,4ll in United Mates companies. Eight chartered companies have  ceased to do new business in life insurance  in Cauada, and their, deposits with the'  Government, ranging from 890,000 to  ������150,000, are applicable to the discharge of  policy obligations. Six new companies  have registered, and are permitted to do  life insurance business in Canada on the  assessment plan. ,, .  Tho trade situation at Toronto is without  decided changed The improvement is  slight indeed, but merchants are still hopeful. An increased movement ie expected in  dry goods with r,lho advent ot spring  weather, Both, hardware and groceiy  houses report fair sales. Paymeuta are only  moderate. Heavy supplies of e^gs have  broken the market, while dressed hogs and  their product are rather tinner on limited  olieriugs. .��������� .' . . A better feeling in  wheat is noted. Receipts aro extremely'  light, and j.rices are effected by tiie hi-.'hor  quotations in foreign markets. The estimated smail supplies of wheat in farmers'  hands in tho United States, and comparatively low.prices, have stimulated buyers.  There ib a scarcity of peas in Ontario, while  oats have advanced on limitad oflenng's. .  : . Railroad earningB are poor, reflecting  the restricted movement of grain and merchandise. Money is unchanged. ' Call loans  can be had at 3J to 4 per cent, on prime  securities, while co imercial'disoounts are  6 to 6i per cent. The Bank of England  discount rate is unchanged at 2 per cent.  Speculation quiet on the local Stock Exchange. Toronto Street Railway shares,  Cable and C.P.R. w.eaker, 'while assurance  stockB are higher. Loan company issues  are unchanged.  An act has juBt been parsed by the Provincial Legislature of New BiuiiHwick to  regulate the assignment of insolvent debtors, and which will probably go .into effect  at once. It is entitled "An Act respecting  Assignments and.Preferences by insolvent  persons," and provides:' 1st, For tho voluntary assignment of an insolvent debtor to  the Sheriff of the county iu which he resides, or to an assignee appointed by a  majority of the, creditors, not in numbers  but in amounts. '2nd, For an' equal pro  rata distribution of the assets amongst  creditors,   and  renders' void any security  rosoue.  The  water froze white  as it dashed over  them ;   but the men   struggled  in vain   to  reach the schooner.    The oar a   became so  clogged with ice in the rowlocks that they  became    practically   uaeler-s.    They    wore  forced    to return to  the    Teutonic  badly  Irozen���������one of the m'eu's arms wa������. uselets  through frost,    The hearts of the nine men  on   the little'Joaie Reeves  eauk  as   they  saw the   failure.    But the Teutonic's captain was not going to abandon   them.    Ho  undertook a dangerous piece of soumanship.  The Teutonic   was  sailed  right up to' tho  schooner, and for a moment her'great bulk  stood broadside against tfie fierce hurricane.  In the momentary harbor of, refuKO  thus  created tho  Josie  Reeves   was enabled to  launch her dory,   aud   tho   crew quiokly  crossed the shot t  diutanco and wero taken  in safety on   board   the   Teutonic. ' That -  fierce anti British   sheet   the 'N������w York  Sun, editorially euys to   Captain Cemerou,'  of the Teutonic, and   his   men,   'Jwe raieo  our beavers high." 'The   pagea of Brltuth  maritime history are  illumined with thou.  Bands  of such  lns'tanees.    Tho Paris  and  Berlin editors who slander Biitlsh seaman  as inhuman and brutal possibly never have  stood  on  tho rocky   Bhore of Albion  und  seen fiahermen and sailors man the life-boat  and risk their lives to save rvrccked aailois  in peril'of death on  somo cruel reef., Tho  thought   of   asking, whether   they   were  British or foreigners  was never express&d.  But lives were, to   be   haver! even at" the  expense of their own, and they wore saved.  No people in tho world are more senaitivo  than .the British, to  infamous churgea of  the kind levelled at British sailors because  of( the HI be incident, and   no  charge  can  he more unjust and untruthful than tlw-t.  The British sailor has his faults, it is true,'  but he is brave in 'danger,  reckless of his  own life where   others   aro   in peril, and  generous to hia adversaries,' and it is lliene  qualities which have  put, him in tho fot'o-  front of the sea voyagers.'   ......ai.-.  THEIR- PHENOMENAL VOlfe."  into compact stone. Naturally the meat  and other provisions were frozen hard and  not fit to be used. Tho two German and  one Austrian officer who undertook the  voyage suffered a good deal.  A Hard Question.  Modern Maid���������I wish some advice.  Old Lady���������Certainly, my dear. Whut is  it? '  Modern Maid���������Shall-I marry a 'man  whose taatos aro the opposite of mine, and  quarrel with him, or shall I marry a man  whose tastes are tho same as mine ami get  tired of him ?  , . =  ---���������    of   murder   and  The movement opened to him anew sphere I stntenced  to death.  Muetapha, the Turkish soldier who,  whilo intoxicated, recently ran umuok  through the . stieets of Constantinople,  killing two men und wounding ten others,  has   been    found   guilty  Arctic Jealousy.  A-^  SWEET   OLD   HYMN'S  and English glees, on this lonely Pacific  rock, and tho fresh voices of the eingers  harmonized well with their Arcadian surroundings.  Wo wero shown the quiot "God's acre"  in which ihe bones of tho mutineers of the  Bounty 'Vest, overshadowed by willow.*,  palms, and bread-fruit trees growing side  by side, as if typical of the mixed origin  of the inhabitants iu whom English, Irish,  American, Germau, ,aud Kanaka blood  mingles fraternally,  Wo were called to prayers at noontido  by,the bell of the Bounty,which, suspended  from a limb of a bread-fruit tree, still  strikes the hours und half hours in nautical  fashion,as it did when it ruled the watches  on board that ill-fated ship, und rings for  divino service and civic meetings at tho  call of the patriarch  pastor,  A plentiful dinner, filled up the  middle  of the day, at which   fowls, .shot, for   the.  occasion in the brush whero they  wander j  the assignment or of tho   date  when proceedings have been instituted to  set aside  such  Becunty or  preference, and   even if  made prior the sixty dayd specified may still  bo sot aside for caupe. There is no provision  for compulsory  assignment.    There  is no  restriction as to who may assign under the  Act,   all' classes may do so.    There is no  Discharge   to the Insolvent provided for,  and   one uood effect of this may   bo that  estates will not be so completely run down  as they usually are, men will be more lirrely  to  stop   in    time when   they  can   offer a  reasonable compromiao   to their  creditors  and obtain a discharge.  This will no doubt  prove   to bo  a  good measure.    It is  sub.  stanlially   tho Ontario Act whioh has been  in operation for tenyeais or more, has been  well tried and its validity was sustained by  the Privy Council on an  appeal  made lust  year; there bud previously been some doubt  whether it was within the jurisdiction of a  provincial  legislature.  UiUsinu I'rle.sis (lie Greatest [Ciisfsortlu. iTt.  Worldi       ���������    ,       '.  Tho singing in Russia���������that ia, in ftrla  Russian church���������is confined entirely to  men.' All tho monks are singers, r- Fo������ a '  thousand years Russia bus been siarclied  for tho best-voices among the monks, and  they are brought to'the moat importune'  centres. As no person can bocomo a prir^fe  in'Russia who iB not'the son 'of a prific  (tho parish'priests being married), in uort.  ly all the training bus gone ou from ageJ^o  age.      . ���������"  Bass voices in Russia are of extraordinary depth, some of them so deep and  powerful that they, have special parts  assigned to them an octave below the real  part. These ore called " ociuvists." Ic  ib not uncommon to find those who can '  tuke the F. bolow the 0. Most of these  bass voices come from North Russia. It  is an interesting fact bearing on obmato  that contraltos of, unusual depth and  tesonancc arc found in that part also.  The imperial chapel in St. Petersburg  has a choir, the finest in"Kuiiiii7"of ouo  hundred and twenty voices. Tho members  of it have no other btiMucss, and prei-ervo  their voicea with tho utmost care. Every  day they study vocalization for an hour  and a half tinder Italian masters ; besides '  this, they receive regular instruction in  church style uuder mtivo teachora.     ���������   '  No church musio in Russia can be printed  or leifjimed until it has  first received the  sanction of   the proper   authorities.    Tho  general church chants in Russia aroukiu to  t! 0' Gregorian   being  unbarrod   melodies  destitute of rhythm.    There  are  eight of-  thorn in use, which are changed i-vcr week.  Von Moll ke,  tho great German gereral.  recently   deceased,   was u  connoibseur of,  music, and ,he  asserted that "the music of  the Russian   church is us far removed from  the meagre hymns of Protcrautism as from  tho operatic music of the Roman Catholic  Church."    Wo have lost no opportunity to  he������r   the   beat   music file  cathedrals and  churches of  all religions  have to olitr, 'including lho Jewitn t-yniigopurs.   and l.uvo  never heard any'.hinpsndibiinctive, imr.rr--*  Bive, compact, and massive, r.or any nuglo  basso equal to that  of the prier>t  who was  celebrant at tho  ino-i orial pcrvico to Peter  the Groat in   St. Peterfbuig, or (cxcoi.ting  Madame Alboni)u control to * ouul to tluit of  a woman who sung in   the  Rii^tian coveut  on Mount Tabor iu Pulet<liue.  " H<>w Rtncrr-.ip sno .������ because she has a fea.-skin, while we have to co r.roarul  bear-skins !   "' ���������'*���������    ,  Military Salutes In Europo.  The military salute required in almost  all civilized countries is ucaily the same.  Perhaps in Germany, however, the regulations   are   somewhat,   more  stringent:.    A|  soldier 'on meeting the Emperor has to  stand still, face about and remain with  hand raised for from twolvo to twenty  paces beforo his Majesty approaches aud  for tho same distance after he has passed.  In Belgium on officer has to do the same  thing for the King and subalterns for generals, though ten paces only nio required  for tho latter case. Soldiers carryiug anything so that their hands uro quite occupied salute with their eyes���������that is they  turn their houds in the direction of tho  poraon coining and going. French officers  raiso their caps to ouch otbor, hut the privates do as tho privates in other armies do.  Something-  to Think About.  Mrs. Guhloy���������What do you think of the  new woman '!  Mrs. Placid���������Nothing*. I'm botherod  enough about tho old man.  The Government of 'the Transvnn.1 Republic Iiuh decided to otrii.tly prohibit the  inipollution ot foreign silver coins.  The Switzers Love Freedom.  The people of Switzerland arc f.unouu for  their passion for liberty. And this glorious  passion has been conspicuously displayed  once more in an electoral conflict. For,  though free theoretically,the Swi.-yer.s were  not altogether free. Their liberty wis  restrained iu somo respects. For instance,  n c-rtain cauL'rrs no man, woman or child  was to remain uuvaocinated. On the contrary, the hw made vaccination rnr'y in  life compulsory, untl even such en r'.miied  it could not have the disease it prevents.  Naturally tho people were rt.stive under  this"restraint, and chafed ug-i:iis' it un a  tiger in'a cage chafes against the bara.  T"cy felt that they wtie deprived of some  dazzling possibilities,for in a country whore  fortunes aro few and the pi.c pie many, rich  unslcfc nay live forever if too many dinger-  oils diseases arc made imposoiblc. hi t-.mo  cantons they were fiec in this re rcct. But  in tho cam on of Berne vaccination was  compulsory. At a general election in that  canton they have just chanced the law,mid  thus the area of freedom is enlarfcd, r-rid  the Bernese areas free to have one ditcise  more. This ia against the efforts, of .;c.c;.co  to save life.  '. Tho City Council of Hanvkon  hun S->  the rate of taxation  it 20 ipiiLi    ;  ���������vi PAGE 4.  THE KOOTENAY MAIL.  ',' BIRTH.  U.vhdwicic-��������� OirMareh 27, to thp  win:  of Rev. Mr. Hiirdwick, a daughter.  LOCAL ITEMS.  By neglecting or refusing to advertise  yon boycott yourself.  Silver advanced to Ot rents an ounce,  on Wednesday in New York.       ���������       r  The Y.P.S.C.E. will hold their meeting on Monday evening next. Subject0  ���������The yoke.  ' Mr. Spragge, barrister of Donald, attendee! to court business in" town on  Tuesday.  Dan McDonald and John Oaley go't  hack from French Creek early this  week. -,     " ' '  C. Richards' bridge gang have been  transferred from the vicinity of. Kamloops to Slmswap.  It is stated  that Jules McWha has  taken the position of engineer on Capt.  Sanderson's steamer Marion.  The men working on the river hank'  have-lust two days and a-half this  week ; laid off by heavy rains.  ���������J. Valentine, and family will occupy  and run the sawmill boarding house  as soon as it is vacated by Mr. Adair.  E. McDonald, who has been employed on bridge work heretofore, succeeds  to Mr. Smith as superintendent of the  river bank.  The Methodist revival meetings have  been continued this week, but will be  discontinued probably unless they are  resinned in Peterson's hall.  Joe'Dunn took a walk to Wigwam  and back on Tuesday, which is 30 miles  ' ���������a fair day's work. He found a mud  slide 2 feet deep and 50 feet long cover-  , ing the track.  ��������� Mr. Pack, of Okaniigan, will occupy  the pulpit of the Presbyterian church  for a few Sundays following the departure of Mr. Smith, and until the newly  appointed minister arrives from the  east.      , i  Services will be held .in the Presbyterian church to-morrow as usual. Sab-  ' hath school and Bible class at 2.30. In  the evening at 7.30 Mr. Smith will  preach his farewell sermon. Everybody is cordially invited. v  . W. A. Jowett, of Nelson, and well  known in Revelstoke, formerly organist of Ha ward eh church, Wales, was  announced to play on the great'organ  at St. Andrew's - church, Vancouver,  last Tuesday night.  Spokane has an idle smelter as well  as Revelstoke, and the citizens are  urging the owners to put it' in operation or say what they will do in regard  to it. Revelstoke might profit by their  example. ,  ��������� While Conductor Leo was making up  a train one day this week, his little  finger was caught and would have-been  crushed,but for a.heavy gold society  ring. The ring shows marks of a sho'ck  severe enough "to have caused amputation of the finger.  BridgeSuperintendentKilpatrick has  had one bridge gang working on'the  Columbia River bridge all winter, and  two part of the time. He lias put it in  good condition for summer traffic, but  ' gives-, it his constant supervision, as  may lie necessary.   '  Andy Hunker has gone to work for  Charlie Norleins on Gold Stream.  Since having his feet frozen, a year ago,  he is unable to endure cold weather  and will remove to a warmer country,'  " California or Mexico, before another  winter. "  (������  The superintendent of the liver bank  work, Mr. Samuel Smith, who has had  -charge  since the commencement, lelt  'on  Thtusdav  for  New   Westminster..  He wtll'be engaged soon on the dyking  '������������������^inwovements on the Fraser river, on  which-$00,000 is to be expended by the  government.  The Northwest Mining Review published weekly at Spokane, in its issue  of March 18th,'gives a history of the  Trail Creek mines from their discovery  to the present time, and a map of the  Trail Creek Camp showing the names  and locations of all the principal mines.  This mining review is growing in interest, and the -Trail Creek number is  especially valuable.  A very pleasant dance was given by  some of'our young people on AVednos-  day evening'at Bourne's Hall, in compliment to Miss Atlair and Miss Mabel  Adair, who are to leave town in a few  davs. Mr. Adair moves to his ranch  at "Hall's Landing taking hi* family  with' theexception of Miss Adair who  accepts a position in the branch tailoring establishment which R. S. Wilson  will open at New Denver.  The plan for the movements of the  navigation company's steamers, beginning vesterdav, was as follows: The  Kootenai was to leave Nakusp in the  morning and connect with the Marion  in the-river for Wigwam, returning  she .vill trv to make the through trip  to Robson", and if successful she will  then run regularly between Wigwam  and Robson, and navigation for the  season of 1803 will he open.  The ice-bridge becoming unsafe for  crossing teams with load-, the transfer  of ore in this way from the steamer to  the cars at Wigwam was, stopped last  \s.iturdiiv. 23rd March, H. I-:. Smith  who has" been en crying out Shannon h  contract with the railway company,  left for Kamloops on Monday. The  movement of ere will not be flopped  iimnv (lavs, as the ire if. liable to go out.  ������t any time. The rain is falling and  the snow is melting fa-st.  -jifr, lid win Smith who has served in  Life pulpit-of ibe Presbyterian church  during the winter, severs hi* connection with the congregation to-morrow.  He. will leave for Winnipeg the first of  next week, when: he will resume his  study of theology at Manitoba College.  The Presbyterian people of Revelstoke  regret th.it Mr. Smith should feel  obliged to leave them, for during the  bi ief period of his ministration-, among  ihein he has made many warm friends  an'! an increased interest has been  manifested in the church and its  services.  The libel case of Krns-er km. Northey  came up for preliminary hearing before  McArtlmr, J.J'-, "ii Tuesday. Several  wilnesxMS were caller I by plain Ml) s  counsel. The Court was of the opinion  that the matter complained of was  grossly libelous, and that the responsible twirty should be .severely punished,  but lie did not think sufficient evidence  had been adduced to send defendant  nil for trial and, therefrn e, dismissed  the case. As the plainlilV desires to  prefer an indict merit he was, at bis  own request, hound over to prosecute.  The papers in the case have been for-  wnnlvd to the Attorney-General.  Tom Downs returned from down  river last evening.  The members of thedramatie society  are spending all their leisure time on  ���������'A Knee for a Widow," and when not  thus occupied " Betsy Baker" engages  their attention. They are putting in  good woik at rehearsal and promise a  finished production of these two farces  next month.'' The performance will be  to aid the building fund of the English  church. '       '  Very heavy fieight trains are moving  now-a-days over the main line. Yester-  dav morning 32 cars were taken east by  engines 401 and 409, and in the afternoon mi (Matt. Crawford) went west  with 21 ears and a pusher. This is  either a great freight movement or a  scarcity of motive power, or perhaps a  combination 'of both, including a  measure of economy.  On Tuesday evening a well attended  and enthusiastic meeting of the-Revel-  stoke Gun Club was held at the Station.  H. A. Brown was elected capt-ain ; F.  B.Wells, vice-captain, - and J. D. Sib-  bald, ' secretary-Treasurer. It was  decided to combine rifle shooting with,  the pigeon shooting, and W. Cowan, .).  I. Woodrowaiul H. J. Bourne were appointed a committee to select a suitable  place for the range and report at a  meeting to be held at the hame place  on April 3rd.  At the annual meeting of the Excelsior Tennis Club held atSibbald's store  it was unanimously decided to continue  the organization, and the following  persons were made ofiicers for the year:  II. A. Brown, president; C. B. Hume,  vice-president; J. D. Sibbald, secrctn.y-  treasurer, and aicommittee consisting  of Messrs. W. F. Crage, II. J. Bourne  and Dr. McLean was appointed to draft  by-laws, etc. -The subscription remains  the same as last year���������Family tickets,  $0; gentlemen, $3;. ladies, $2. The  grounds will-be put in order as soon as  the snow goes off. ���������  To the Editor Kootenay M.vil- :  Sir,���������-Mv attention has been called to  a letter of Mr. Charles Landmark's, appearing in vour issue of the 9th inst-,  and as 1 understand that the impression  that letter has given 'to some people  has been that the directors of the  Revelstoke Piinting & Publishing Co.,  Ltd., were not unanimous with regard  to the resolution mentioned therein, I  think it well to state that the resolution ��������� referred to was passed without  one dissentient. I regret to have been  obliged," by Mr. Lindniark's action, to  "make this reference to what'took place  at a private meeting of tho directors.  I am, sir, yours faithfully,  T. Livingstone Haig,  Managing Director.  FOE  S-ALB.  -:o:.  I OFFER FOB SALE my Hotel and contents,  located at south end of Arrow Lake Hallway, called       ' < , ' ,  ,'  THE WIGWAM HOUSE, FOB' $800.  It is well located and is a good stand for trade.  rAmily to Mail- Ollico or proprietor on the  [premises. JOSKPH WALKKll.     ;, 8-lw  1IO   TIHIIE  ELECTORS OF  YALE-BAMBOO   * ; . '  Kamloops, 2Sth February, 1895. c  Gentlemen:���������  In response to the widely expressed dcsjrc  of roiirosc-ntaUve men in various parts of your  District I have decided to come forward asa  candidate at the forthcoming elections, in op-  pohition to the present government.  As this i.s such an enormous district I am, of  course, personally unknown to a. large number  of you; but T may slate that I have large  into'resth at and around Ducks and Kamloops,  and am very desirous, for your welfare and  mine, to see thin Province progress more than it  has done the la->t few years.  I am opposed to the policy of protection wlucb  has been pursued for the last sixteen years, as  being unfitted to the requirements ' of the  country and bcnofltinir the'few at the expense  of the many. ��������� , ���������,,  I join in the condemnation of the corrupt  manner in which the iulininihtr.ition of the  afiuirs of this country has been carried on during the time that the present, party has been in  oflice. ' , .  ' I consider:��������� ,,  I. That a customs inriil". if imposed at all,  should be for the purpose of raising a revenue,  not./or the purpose of protection :  2.'That freer trade relations with , Great  Britain and the United States would immediately benefit this country:  3. That under oxisting circumstances nnd  the peculiar nature of the country mining  machinery should be allowed to come in free of  duty: ' ,    r' , t]  j. That the natural resources of the country  should be tho first to be developed:  5. That in order to accomplish this end the  country should be opened up, the rivers mado  navigable, and increased facilities for communication and transportation afforded: '  C. That the mail and other contracts lot by  tho government bhould be' put up to public  tender: ,' <>  7. That the strictest economy should be observed in the administration of the public  service, and all unnecessary expenditure should  be stoppod: >  8. That all complaints in regard to the disposal of government lands and issuing of titles  should bo inquired into and grievances  redressed, and the surveys in tho railway belt  completed as quickly as possible.  1 As this district comprises so large an extent  of country it will be impossible for me,to visit  ovcry polling division nnd become acquainted  with the electors, but I shall make a point of  visiting as many as possible and holding meetings for the purpose of placing my views on  publio matters before you, and learning from  you the local requirements of eachi district.   '  '.  I have no objects of my own to serve by ank-  ing yoii to support me, but I have timo that I  can give to promote the interests of this District,  the ��������� Province, and the Dominion, and I shall  devote it to that purpose.  For these reasons 1 ask, your support at tho  approaching Dominion Elections, and trust you  will see fit to give it to me.    . .-    .,'  '.  ���������i.     Yours faithfully,  HEWITT BOSTOCK.  n.'General Blacksmith.0.  '���������" ' ' ' ._   /   .     w  J AS.   McMAHON,  REVELSTOKE, B.C.  *.V    Repairs to Wagons, &c.  Shoeing a Specialty.,  NOTICE OF ASSIGNMENT.  'Pursuant to the " Creditor's Trust Deeds  .   Act, 1890," and Amending Acts.  ���������vrOTIOE IS HEREBY GIVEN that  !> John Shannon, of Wigwam landing, near Revelstoke, in the District of  West Kootenav, in the Province of  British Columbia, Contractor, has by  deed dated and executed by the Debtor  aud Trustee on the 4 th da v. of March,  A.D. 1S15, assigned all his real arid  personal property, which may he seized  and sold under execution, to John  James Garment, of the City of Kamloops, in the District of Yale, in the  Province of British Columbia, Commission Agent, for the purpose of satis-  fving ratablv and proportionately,  and without preference, or priority, the  creditors of" the said John Shannon.  The said deed was executed by the said  John Shannon, and the s-.iid Trustee,  John James Garment, on the Jth day  of March, IS)."). All persons having  claims against (he said John Shannon  are r.Kiuired tofotwaid full particular.*  thereof, dtilv verified, to the under'  signed at Kamloops, B.C., on or before  the 10th day of April, lSSCi. and fill persons indebted to the said John Shannon are required to pay such indebtedness to the undersigned forthwith.  And notice is hereliv given that after  the 30th davlof April," I &>-">, the Trustee  will proceed to distribute the assets  among the parties entitled thereto,  having regard to the claim" of which  he shall then have not ice, and that, he  will not he liable for the assets or any  part I hereof so distributer! to any person of who������e debt or claim he shall  not then have notice.  On led at Kamloops, B.C., this Jth  day of March, I-S.r>,  (Signed)     J. J. GARMENT.  * Trustee.  A MEETTNO of the Creditors of the  above Estate will he held ,U- the office  of the Trustee at the City ot ICamloojts  R.C., on Wednesday, the |3t.h day of  March. 1WJ5, at the hour of 3 o'clock in  the afternoon.  (Signed)      J. J. GARMENT,  b Trustee.  ,     COPYRIGHTS.  CAN I OBTAIN  A  PATENT ?     For n  prompt njiswer and an honent opinion, wnto to  M1/NN <fc CO., who hnve hart nearly flfrr yonrs*  eztrcrleiicflln tlie patv-nt l.tiMlnenii. Commnnlcn-  tlonmi.rletlycinn.lf-nt.lnl. A Hnnitliook or Information cono-mlnc l'n trnt������ nnil now to obtain thorn nent fro������. Alno a catalogue ot mechanic*! and nclentlflo tiookii sent free.    Patent! tnkon tlironrrh Mimn * Co. rccolTO  speclnl notlcolntho Hclrntifln Anierlcnii, ������n<l  ttina aro hrotinlit wl/lcty before the pnhllcwl,flout cont to tho In-rentor. ThU BDtendld P������P0r,  IrinoMl wrekly. olcnontly llluntrutpd,lias l>7rnr the  largest circulation or any scientific work In tho  world.   8.1 n your.   Sample orrles nent. fren.  Jlull(Iln������ Kdltlon, monthly. 12/iOayenr. Hlnrtlr  rnnlpx, ii5 cotiIb. Hverynumlmr contuliin horiu-  tlfiil plates. In colors, nnd photoirrnplin of now  houiKin. with jiIbwi. onnhllnir bulldors to show the  lnt.int (IfHlloiB and nenuro contractu.   Afldrci*  MUNS A CO.. NKW IfOIiK. ,'tOI  'UM..H,/   1  .PWS-'QF THE DISTRICT.  _ ������   ���������  Robert Jennings has sunk 125 feet at  Wild "Horse Creek without getting  down to bed-rock. ' ������,  Dr.' Morris hals been' appointed  physician and surgeon for the S. & O.  Hallway, residing at vernon.f  Mr. Wm. Burns, School Inspector,  from Victoria, has been examining the  schools of.Okanagan Valley this week.  *���������'' Tlie Great Northern Railway has reduced the rate, on ore from1 Spokane $1  a ton, making $0 to Everett and $0.50  to (J reat Falls, Montana.  Pork is eight cents a pound at Fort  Steele. Tlie Tobacco Plains farmers  are keeping the place supplied with  pork, eggs and chickens at a low price  troin across the line. s ���������    ���������  The. owners of the Similkameeu  platinum mines claim that theirs is the  second largest deposit of the mineral  in the world. Active work is to be  carried on this summer.  It is reported that the International  Telephone and Telegraph Co., a Washington incorporation, will run wires  fiom Spokane to Rnssland, Kaslo, Nelson, Slocan and Revelstoke. ���������  Thp board of directors of the hospital  i At Nelson is composed of 12 local resi-  i dents, and the government has 'the  j right ,to   .appoint    three   more.   The  1 institution is in a flourishing condition.  ii ,,     ,  i The bond on the Fisher Maiden has  ! been thrown up by Hughes, Mann and  | others, and the original owners have  taken possession. A 'shipment of 50  I tons of .-JUO-ounce silver was made this  I winter. .  j ft is reported from Sicariious that a  j irian named \>. Fraser, claiming to hail  I from Revelstoke, made a mis-step when  j boarding a train last Sunday night and  > had Ids foot cni-hed. He was taken to  i Krimloopn hospital where the foot was  i amputated.  ] The Wellington /���������jltlerpriHn has been  | ciilart/cd to an eight-page .six-column  ' weeklv containing about-1 ������������������ columns of  ! fiesh reading matter besidesUt of plate  land advertisements. We trust tlie  i suppoit of.the people of that town will  j eqn.il the enterprise of its newspaper  I proprietors.  I     f.ate advices frorn Washington, I).C,  j are to ! lie   effect   that   the   surveys on  j the Colvil!"   reservation  will he so far  i itrhrmced   that  L^zO/M) acres  maybe  ] opened   for   settlement   this summer.  j These lands- ,-ue in northeast Washington   along    the   border   of   IJ.C.   and  valuable mineral deposits ate said to be  on them.  The official map showing the location  of the Columbia & R-d Mountain Railway from the bank "f the Columbia  River, opposite Noithpott, rif) Sheep  Creek valley and across the Colville  reservation, ha- been fib'd. As.soon as  iff- forwarder! to Washington and approver! by the Secretary of the Interior,  work on the line acrosu the rcHe-rvation  can begin.  An itssoeiation has been formed at  Fort SU ele, with over forty members,  the object of which is to advance the  mining in tresis of that portion of East  Kootenay. R. T. (Jalbrnitb is president  and Thos. MeVittie secretary. The  )iss������M-iiit.iori inlends to be rireparrd to  give reliable'Answers to all inrpiirorrf  concerning the mines of south-cast  Kootenay.  Hot X buns, smoking hoi. just come  mil of t he liaker'sishop.on fJood I'Yidny,  at I hi- .'..ikcrv.    Order early.  THE PLACE TO BUY"  ~roGenes,  roirisions,  HARDWARE, STOVES  'v.'..   .AND '  SE  -, H  DEALERS IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE  EOCENE IN BABELS AND CASES.  PRATT'S ASTRAL OIL IN CASES.  :o:���������-:o:-  *  ew  IXjIKIIEilR, .&  ELLS,  POST-OFFICE STORE.  Gents' Furnishings,  Patent Medicines  And TOILET ARTICLES of every description..  ������������������ s*.**-*S**'*SS*> ���������..!-, %,X/1/���������*-������������������.��������� ���������'������������������.-usi/*.*  Specialty :  If you want to reach the People in the North Riding of West Kootenay  YOU SHOULD  SC 111  "ooooooooooooooo  \F  YOU   WANT  You can get it done at the " Mail" Office  QUAL IN STYLE AND AS LOW IN PRICE AS IN ANY OFFIG  IN THE PROVINCE.  o  RE\ELSTOKE, WEST KOOTENAY, B.C.

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