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Kootenay Mail Jun 22, 1895

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 -.'������������������'���������-.-,.������������������  ;v*>  FOR MEN���������  Finest Cashmere Socks  0 GO  Extra heavy wool do 0 50  Best quality  Shetland   wool  , Underwear, per suit i 25  Finest nat. wool   "       v,.' i 00  Braces, per.pair, 30c. and 40d."      ~   :o:������������������   The English Trading Co.  C. E.. SHAW,  Customs Broker,' r-  REVELSTOKE.  VoL 2.���������No. 11.  REVELSTOKE, WEST KOOTERAY, B.C., JUNE 22, 189f>.  $2.00 a Year.  Goods bought rig-lit out; no oom  mission charg-od. .  7alr selection; Immediate returns, fj  Shipping* ta.gz furnished free upon ������  request. ' A<  There is JTO QVST on Pnrs or any  other goods we handle-  iSiirWrite for Circular giving Shipping Directions and X.A.TSBVB JMCAR-  ESS FSZCE8.   ,  Kootenay Lodge  No.'15 A.F.&A.M.  Han & Co  Incorporated.  ���������..iu unnoc. / 200r2l2 First Avenue North,  MAIN nuuiu. 13j^a3a-2STDS3-ajE*c>xj:������, iBdcxxsraar.  branches:  HELENA, MOJJT. ���������     CHICAGO, ILL.        VICTORIA, B.C.       WINNIPEG, MAN.  ter.CMtei-Boitini.uSti. IJS Hiihijrin St. ' BUnjltySt. - 1������ Printun St.  Tlie regular meeting  are held in'the Mas-  onicTeinple.Uourne's  =���������Hnll, on the0third  Monday in each  month at ^8 p. m.  Visiting brethren  cordially welcomed.  F. OltAGK. Secretary.  LODGE,  I.O.O.F.  Uefjulnr meetings are held  in Oddfellows' Hall every  Thursday night at eight  i*&& o'clock. Visiting brothel's  cordially welcomed.  G. NEWMAN. N.G.  A. STONE, Sec.  Z<oyal Orange Lodge No. 1658.  Thev Confederation.  Life Association Toronto.  Capital and Assets Oyer  $6,000,000.  Insurance at Risk Over  $26,000,000  .. "Wfl      Before insuring' you should see,the ," <\Tft V  IiU Model .Policy Contract ...IiU  . CONDITIONS issuedcob^;Xabove RESTRICTIONS  Full particulars on application to Agents: ' ������  T. L. HAIG, J. D.-BREEZE,  Agent  for Revelstoke.- .' General Agent for B.C., Vancouver.  Regular meetings are held in  the Odd Fellows' Hall every  Wednesday evening at 7.30  p.m. Visiting ' brethren aro  cordially invited.  E. AUAIK. G. McKAY,  W.M.        Uec. Secy.  L   R- HARRISON,  REVELSTOKE, B.C.  -f    Barrister and Notary Public , -f  A. McNEIL,  BARBER SHOP AND BATH ROOM,  Front Street, Revelstoke.  W.  COW A  WHOLESALE DEALER IN  ^INE^'XIpORS;;;AND7ptI0^RS  BETELSTOKB-,        B;C  Stockholm House. 1  Haircut, 25c;  Bath, 50c.; Six Shavingj  Tickets for SliOO.  GUY  BARBER,  WATCHMAKER AND JEWELLER.  Repairing Neatly & Promptly Executed.  .     REVELSTOKE. B. C.  W  THE   REVELSTOKE   PHARMACY.  ZE.Have  Now on Hand  ' " .    A large assortment' of  of Stationery of every  description.  POMEROY'S PURE INKS,,  IHCANDESCENT PENS,  HURDS IRISH LINEN NOTE *"&  '"'. X   At Regular ��������� Eastern - Price*.,  iftjftfl ROfW^i   To elioosu from in tlie  1WW DUUIV3  circulating Library.  THE   REVELSTOKE   PHARMACY.  Zhc Iftootenas flfoail  P. 0. .Inspector Fletcher1 has returned from his trip into Southern  Kootenay; made for the purpose of  putting the mail transportation in that  quarter on its proper footing for a satisfactory summer service. All northern  mails from Rossland will hereafter, if  the local officials perforin . their duty,  come direct by steamer from Trail  Landing to Revelstoke, the arrangement' to continue till the close of navigation.   .��������������� .  Under the McKinley tariff the  duty on eggs brought into the United  States from Canada was raised to five  cents a dozen, which reduced the value  by just as much on each dozen raised  ,by tlie farmers of eastern Canada aud  shipped across the boundary. The  American tariff on eggs was therefore  paid by the Canadian producer. Soine  time later, we suppose, as a measure of  retaliation, the > Ottawa government  placed a similar duty on eggs brought  into Canada.' It was well known that  this tariff, on imported eggs affected  only British Columbia, as this province  was. the only one that did not raise  sufficient eggs for its own use. - In  both cases, therefore, these tariff duties  were paid * by Canadians���������at the east  by the producer in the reduction of  value five cents a dozen, and in British  Columbia by the consumer in the in-,  crease of price five cents a dozen.  The late American tariff reduces the  duty on eggs * to three' cents a dozen,  and now the Dominion ' government  follows" suit and .also makes it three  cents, but the Canadians, as in the  former illustration, pay the duties in  both, cases, two cents less, however,  than before.,, Is this,] one of the cases  in which British Columbia should be  thankful for small favors ]  ���������FURNITURE,  Doors, Sashes & Blinds.  -:o:  R. HOWSON,  REVELSTOKE.  COFFfNS  CAltMED IN STOCK.  JOHN STONE, Proprietor.  The Dining Room is furnished with the lest the  .  Market affords.  THE BAB, IS SUPPLIED WITH THE CHOICEST  WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.   .  THE CENTRAL HOTEL  ABRAHAMSON BROS., Proprietors.    ,.  m  First-class Table '���������  Good Beds  ���������  Pire-proof Safe  Telephone   ���������   'Bus Meets all Trains.  bevelstoke"5b_c.  AGKNT KOIt SIXflKIt SKWING MACHINES.  NAVIGATION.  1895 time schedule 1895  THE OLD FAVORITE STEAMER  i    MA IRXOIET    ;  ;, (Capt. Kobt. Sanderson) ;  *     WIl.I. HUN  BIITWEEX  REVELSTOKE   and   NAKUSP  ������ SMELTER, PROJECTS.  .. .       i <������  Mr. Finney, representing the Kansas'  City Smelting and Refining Co.,accompanied hy the British Columbia members, interviewed Hon.,Mr. Foster-this  'morning regarding assistance to "melting in British Columbia. Mr. Finney,  '.says that if.a, ft nail bounty is given on  .ore treated, his company will ijtmiedi-'  .ately proceed to erect a'snielterat Rcv-  -elstoke, or at the head of Arrow Lake"/  followed probably hy, a stiielter at Tteiil  Creek!1 an'd'ort������S-at*Nelson'.. 'Miv Foster  will lay. the matter before the- Cabinet  at an early date. ., '' ;  ,. The above item-of news occurs in  the "despatches from Ottawa, dated  June-18th. The question of giving jv  bonus for the production of leiid in  Canada or West Kootenay, was advocated in the Mail a few weeks ago,  but the representative named asks that  a bounty be given on "ore treated,"  which would seem -to include all kinds  of minerals. The application, if granted, should be given only on condition  that both smelting and refining be  done in Canada, and that there should  be a limit of time for bonusing gold  and silver, as there is no duty imposed by any country on these minerals.  But the United States places a duty  of ������15 per ton on lead iu ore, and $20  per ton on lead in bullion, and as B. C.  ores contain so large a percentage of  it, and it being a comparatively unmerchantable product because of its  great abundance, the question of pay--  ing a bounty for its smelting and refining does not seem unreasonable and  should be favorably considered.  in the winter, a period of the year  when the difficulties of navigating and  bridging the strait would be greatest,  but they were found to be readily surmountable.  Later movements point to the construction of the British Pacific across  B. Columbia, connecting at its eastern  border with railways projected from  the east, through the Yellowhead Pass.  These northern lines will, it is believed,  make connection with Hudson's Bay  for European traffic by ocean steamers.  These eastern and western lines do not,  however, diminish the importance of  the intercontinental railway, but will  rather add to its business by furnishing feeders to this great central line to  the north:       ^  ', A slight deflection westward from  the route originally marked out would  make Port Simpson on the Pacific  coast the terminal point in latitude  about 54 degrees north, not quite 200  miles north in a direct line from Revelstoke. '        r.  From Port . Simpson/, steamships  would cross the ocean on the shorter  parellels of the northern latitudes and  make quick despatch to the Pacific  coast terminal of the Siberian railway,  and to the ports of Japan and northern  China.    , ,  ' ThaCi there will sooner or later be  an Alaska railway does not admit of  doubt, and that its central-western  terminus in the United States is likely to be at Spokane is most probable.  Railways from that city radiate to all  parts- of the" States���������the Northern  Pacific and Great Northern both east  and west, and the Union Pacific and-  its connections southerly and easterly  to , California and' the more central  and distant states of the Union.  KAMLOOPS   LETTER.,  t i t  . Thehistoryof Kamloops for this week  is the history of- its spring "roundup.".  The city itself has seemed deserted,  except for the.starting and , returning  of the bands. Everyone, ladies as well  as gentlemen, have turned cowboy.and  great has been the fun. To-day is.  branding day, and the whole business  will wind up on Saturday. Mr. 'Jim.  Palrtier had liis leg brokenl The steer  he.was running stopped short.. His  "horse followed the example and the lad  -went over ULs heiuLantLbccaJiie. mixed-,  up with the^^feer. He is getting better)  Mr.* Lang was on. the'spot with his  camera- and some good pictures were  taken.       , - . ������ . -  Hon. G. B. Martin was in- the  city  this week.  There are to be sports at the pavilion,  ending in   a   promenade  concert  and  dance,   with  the   Kamloops   Band  in  attendance/on Dominion Day. .  i On Sunday last the  Oddfellows   attended the- Methodist church,  and  iu  the afternoon marched to the cemetery  and decorated-the graves of their order.  Rev. B. P. Flewelling   performed   tlie  short service most  impressively,   and  the wreaths, which were very tasteful,  were the work of Mrs. Pearse.  .We have had very  iainy  weather  here all the week.  Kamloops, June 20th, 1895^  BIG   BEND   ITEMS.  '  G. J.'Atkins and C. A. Guernsey, of  Chicago, C. T. Kennan, of Milwaukee,  and Wm. Kirk'up and John Clunan  went over the trail early last week to  French Creek to look at the Gold Hill  property of Beaton and Vondall. The  object of the trip was to examine the  mine'with a view of buying it. They  were very well pleased with it, .and  there is a prospect that the' deal will'  be made.  The party stopped on the way back  at Smith Creek to see what progress is  being made by the Smith Creek Hydraulic Co., which Mr. Atkins' and  other Ameiicans have recently bought,  and where ten men are employed hy-  dtaulicing. Things are looking well  on this property, and itis the intention  to bring in improved hydraulic appliances as soon as the water ' in the  river gets lower, and it is safe to transport heavy machinery.  Andy Parks is still sinking the shaft  which is down about 10 feet,   and  it,  can't be supposed that he. will be delayed much longer In getting to bedrock.  , John Sanderson has gotfto work' on  the 'shaft  of   tho    McCulloch.   Creek  Tunnel Co., tuid is making it ready for   *  pnmping.      '    . ..'.,".''���������  No more work will be done on; the  placers of Gold Stream until the water  falls. , , ���������'      ..',  Wm: Haley and Mark Hyatt' both" -"  have claims on Camp Creek and are at  work on them.  , H'.W.Nestelle has made a satisfactory  clean up as a test of the,, claim of the  Bellingham Bay Hydraulic Mining Co.,  and is,very much encomaged by it.  ��������� At the Consolation the regular work.  is going on, with the usual favorable  results;       " ',  THE  QUEEN'S   HOTEL  ABEAHAMSON  BROS., Pkoimuktokh.  Everything new and First-class in all Respects.  Tbe House is stocked with the Finest Wines and Cigars in the Market  TBOTJT  Xi-A-KZE   CITY,   B.C.  ��������� C. R. DENT ���������  lining & Real Estate Broker - Promoter.   MONEY TO   LOAN   REVELSTOKE,   B.C.  A. H. HOLDICH,  OF SWANSEA AND WJGAN,  Analytical Chemist and Assayer,  Accurate assays made of all kinds of. minerals, ..water, milk, etc.  Stopping   at    Lardeau,     Thomson's  Landing and Halcyon Hot  Spiunos during the '  Season of 1805.  Leaving Bovolstoko Wednesday^ and Salur  days ut 7 a.m.  Leaving Nakusp Mondays und Thur.������duyK at  T. a.m.  Tho above dates arc subject to uhutiKC without notice.  KODKItT SANDERSON'.  The Steamer Arrow  I,KAVKS  TOWN WHARF, REVELSTOKE,  Wednesdays  and   Saturdays^ at 9  a.m.  ���������KOIt���������  Hall's Landing, Lardeau, Halcyon and  Leon  |Hot Springs, Nakusp and  Bnrton City.  OCEAN STEAMSHIPS.  ROYAL MAIL LINE8.  CHEAPEST routoto the OLD COUNTRY.  Proposed Sailings from Montreal.  ALLAN* LINK.  Pakihian .Tune 22  MosftoLi an I line 'B  Xi-miihan July   t!  Sakdini.vs J u)y   13  DOMINION' LINK  V ancouvkr June 29  Oiiegon- July   4  Maj'.ii'osa July 11  La nit AUOIt July 20  ,    Cabin $15, $.Vl. gfiO, ?70. $S0 and upward.i.  11 Intermediate J30; Steerage $20.  PosseiiKcrs ticketed  through to all parts of  Cinyit IJritnin and Ireland, and at specially low-  rates to nil parts of tlic.Kiiropeaii continent.   ,  Apply to nearest steamship or railway aKcnt.to  I. T. BSEWSTEE, Agent, Revelstoke,  or to Hoiikkt KiiXiit, Uea.  1'aKscJi.gcr Agent  H*lunii>e&.  CONNECTING CONTINENTS.   ,  The project of building a railway^tp  connect Asia and America across Bering Strait is not one to be' dismissed  as the vagary of a visionary mind.  Consul Taylor, the American Consul  at Winnipeg, had resided so .long in  Canada that he became fully identified  with it, and was looked upon*- ns the  highest authority that could be consulted on all in.ttters relating to western British America. We gave extracts last week expressing his opinion  of the desirability of the intercontinental railway, and indicating the  route by way of the Columbia TRiver,  northward, as the proper ono to be adopted. An application was made to  the Parliament of 1891 for a charter  to construct a. railway :  "Commencing at a point on the 49th  parallel of north latitude, where the  Kootenay river iiows north into British  Columbia; thence northerly along the  valley of that river and of Kootenay  Lake.to the noith end of t.he said Lake;  thence westerly through the Lartlo  Pass; thence norlheily along the  valleys of* the Columbia' Itiver to' the  Boat Encampment; the Canoe river to  theTete Jeuue Cache; the Fraser Itiver  to its northerly bend,and thence by the  most feasible route to Lake Francis;  and thence to and along the valley of  the Polly or Yukon Itiver, Ut the  eastern boundary ol' Alaska."  The route selected for this railway  was known as the Moberly route, but  it does not appear that any progress  has been made in its construction.  In the winter of 1892-3, a combination of bankers, one of whom was  Henry Clews, of New York, caubed a  , survey of Bering Strait to ��������� be made,  which showed it to be ��������� reasonably certain that a crossing can. be cllected by  the ordinary jncans of bridging broad  rivers.    This purvey  was  undertaken  DONALD   ITEMS.  Sheriff Redgrave- has been.. confined  to his house for a few days through illness.  C. R. Dent, of Revelstoke, accompanied by his little daughter, was in  town for a few days this week, settling  up some business for a Toronto party.  The C.P.R. have ejected P. Murphy  from the occupancy of the Woodbine  hotel which is located on their property.  Cooper & Pinkertori have brought in  another' boar. This makes the 18th  one they have killed this season.  .Tas. Lappin and'Chas. Bain leave on  a prospecting trip,for Porcupine creek.  W. Newman's Hue residence is fast  Hearing completion and will soon s be  ready for occupancy.  .  West Koqtenay's Mineral Production.  The Minister of Mines in tho report  for 189-1, gives the UiIjiI production of  gold in West Kootenay, as followss���������  Northern Subdivision $14,110  Lardeau "  -...    3,870  Southern  2,500  O. K. Mineral Claim     2/m  Poornmn "     ��������� ,  15,000  Total  37,780  He also states the value of ore shipments to be :���������  Arg������Mit.ifemnsCom>er'(Nelson)..$ 73,101  Silver and lead (Slocan)... "" "  Gold, silver  Creek).  and copper   (Trail  005,5������1  100,267  Total im,im  This report is brought down to tlie  close of the year only, aud of course  docs not include any shipments made  since January 1st, *95. Should the  value of these later shipments he added, covering a period oi anally six  months, they would lx> fully equal to  the figures given above,, .^823,745,whi<;h  would Im ai'. the rate of almost $2,000,-  000 'pcr.annum, four times .the' annual  output of tbe balance of li*e province.  Slater's Boots'andSiMje^atCoursicr's.  ' * The Church of England Bishop.  l  A cable was received from ��������� England  on Wednesday, by Rev. Geo. Ditcham,  of New Westminster, that all preliminaries had been settled, and that Rev.  John Dart had been elected Bishop of  the ' Diocese of New' Westminster- '  It is expected that his consecration will  take place in Westminster Abbey,' on.  St. Peter's Day, June 29th', by the  Archbishop ofiCanterhury assisted , by  three other bishops as required by the  J������nglifih-,Canbn.- .' _      ~~_.  THE ^GLACIER���������Wonderful ��������� Scenery.,  but few Tourists this Season.  Editor Kootenay Mail:���������  Sir,���������A year ago at this time, or per- '  haps a few days earlier, affairs along  the railway line were in a very disorganized state. Travel was interrupted and almost stopped by floods in the  Eagle'Pass'and the Illecillewaet Can-  you. Transfers had. to be made in  Eagle Pass and at the Thirteenth  Crossing, where the'bridge across the ,  Illecillewaet had been swept away.  The Twin Butte trestle had to be repaired and strengthened,and there John  McTavish lost his life, falling from the  trestle while working on it. This year,  how different! There is no flood and,so  far not even ordina-iy high water.  A trip up the line this week as far as  the Glacier exposes more snow on the  mountains than usually remains at this  time in the season, and* it is a frequently expressed belief, that large bodies of ,  snow will be carried over till next year  unless hot weather comes very soon.  The season therefore is in all. respects  a backward one, as there have been  constant cold rains and very little sun-  ,shine. Grass is excellent but vegetable  gardens are very much , behind. This  untoward condition of the weather  keeps back miningoperatibns,especially  in the higher .altitudes. This is the  case at Illecillewaet, and delays the  development of the mines.  At the Glacier House, which is under *  the management of Mr. W.H.Lanibert, *  as assistant to Mr. Perley, business is  very light, and has not recovered the  former volume since the World's Fair  at Chicago; There is'always considerable travel between England and the  colonies, largely on business, which  prefers the Canadian I?auitlc,huttourist  and excursion parties are very seldom  seen.  A few days ago, I met on the cars a  gentleman from Toionto, who has  heretofore made an annual trip to  England, as a rest from business cares.  He was so much fatigued by the long  journey to the mountains that he was  not enjoying tne magnificent, scenery,  and would not repeat, his visit. The  moderately rich class of tourists who  make the larger nuuiher of those taking their wiinmci vacations by rail,  have not recovered their losses by the  financial panic, nor their liberal expenses at the World's Fa.ir. and do not  travel, whilst the Vanderbllts, Goulds  and Antors go abroad in their own  flfejuu vachts, or take tlieir ease on the  splendid ocean steamers -sailing from  Montreal or New York. This is like  having the celebrated mountain views  of Europe, or the vineyards of Italy  nud Flutuee hraught. in Lo you hy a  servant on a service of gold. There is  no iuottnt,'un climbing, nor tedious  journey by 'rail, and so bur grand  mountain "scenes' must still wait. for  those who will appreciate tliein as true  lovers'of uature-  .*..  v.. ���������      .. .Selkirk. A. NOBLE 'SACRIFICE  CHAPTER IV.  Mr. 'inglcfield's^business offices wei-v.  situated     east   of   St.    IJnul's.       Bo.w  Church,  Guild Hal],  the Bank of Kn-ti-  laud, and other celebrated institutions  'were within a stone's throw, as the  buying is, 'of the office in which ho  throve and prospered. His business  v..is, conducted on the ground floor.  Tin- house was his own freehold. When  lie m.irriod he had us������d the upper portion of it  as  a dwelling  place,  and it  'y���������is to those rooms thai he had brought  l.isi daughter Rachel, aftur the de.ith  of her Aunt Cariie.     There tliey lived,  L-nuse he is dead that you don't owe  it to mo."  Henry Wyatt answered for his father, to whom words would not come.  "i'es," he 'said, "we owe you the  money.". '  "Then pay it," demanded the widow.  "It is impossible," said Henry Wyatt;  "we are ourselves beggared."  "Beggared !" she cried, and she .pointed to a ring he wore upon his finger,  and to the watch chain uponohis waistcoat.  A gleam of joy flashed into his eyes.  , "Yes," he said, "you arc right; the.se  do not belong to us."  He took the ring from his finger and  the watch and cliain from his pocket,  and he also  took from his  father  the  tho father and his clill.i, and there it | u.jnkots ^le oM m.ln wore ^ Giving  v,?is ihat a new spheiv of dunes was j them to the widow, he bade her dis-  opi-ntd in the young girl's life. . '  I J-'<-*-"c  oi  them,, foolishly thinking  that  Mie strove earnestly n> lit herself for  Die proceeds would be suflicient to dc-  ! lray the debt.     ^he1 returned the fol-  them.        .Until    Kaoh'd's   arrival   -Air. , 1(,wins Jay v>.iu; U]e 1Jartlcuiars 0f the  Ii gloneld had lived alone, waited upon   sa]e-     She'had obtained, rougliiy   stat-  l<y   a   housokeeper, ' who     performed  v.-hat was    required of her    faithfully  enough,  but could not be expected to  impart to his loveless   life-  any  touch  of tenderness.      But now that ltnchel  was, his constant companion, now that  .sIkj      sat       opposite        10   him      at  hi**    meals,    now    thai   his    eVenings,  %*.lien   he   spent   them   at   home,   were  '   not  of  necessity    lonely    ones,    symbols of love were not wanting.  Flower?,'  music,   and  the  sweet  contact  "f  a sympathetic nature, were bright adornments   of   <he    hitherto     cheerless  looms,   and   should   have   been   suili-  ciently powerful to win over any man  whose  heart was  open   to   tender  impressions ;   but   though   at   first     Mr.  Jn^lelield   yielded   to   their   influence,  lit- grew careless of them beforeawel\'C  months had passed.      Perhaps it was  tliat     Rachel  ' was     of     too     timid  '   and   ��������� shrinking     a     nature     to     at-  (j-act     him,     and     her     quiet     mania rs  may have been'against her, but1  ���������to whatever cause it may be attributed, it was a circumstance to be deep-"  i.v  deplored   that  he   did   not open  his  heart to her as a father should to his  only, child.     He made no elfort, as she  "  had done,  to' fit himself for this new  condition   of   things.'     ''He   made   no  1 serious endeavor to discover what was  ic<iHired'from   him  to  bring   their  natures   into   fitting   haimony.       And   it  is   a   sad   fact   that,   after   a   time  he  found the hours he spent with Uachel  lull  of awkwardness and    constraint.  The  consequence, was    that    lliey   fell  slowly and gradually apart from each  ftnor.       IT?,   in  a   groat;   measure,   re-  lapsf'd   into   his old ways  of  life,   and  iKai-hel  was thrown upon  her own  resources >for congenial occupation.  ��������� Comes there now upon the scene one  w j-.o was destined to play a prominent  rart  in   this   drama  of  life,   one  who  , was unwittingly the creator of sacred  jo'ss   and   deepest,, woe.3.       He   was   a  young man in ^lr.  lnglefield's employment, and Ms name was Ilinry Wyatt.  As  there  are  men   born  in   ailluencc  who,* at some period of their lives, are  driven  to  live in garrets,  so  there are  men born iu garrets who  live to build  p;.laces for themselves.     in llie seesaw  of life,  up  down, down  up,  this  is occurring daily around us.     JCowc in the  clouds,  now  in the gutter ; gentlemen  rto-day,    without   a   crust    te-inunow ;  beggars in the first quarter of the moon,  money kings in the last . to-day water,  to-iiioriow  wine;  to-day  rags,   to-morrow bio'adclulh.     .Thus runs the world.  Henry W> alt was  born, to aniuence,  but he never came into his inheritance,  lie   lived,   however,   with   evidences .of <  wealth  and   comfort  ed forty pounds for the jewelry, leav  ing'  still    a    sum    of    one    hundred  pounds clui. to her.  "1 have a sick child to support," sha  said, "and what you owe.-me is all we  have to live upon., If you' can't pay  me now"���������and she looked suspiciously  at them���������"when will you pay me '!"  ,, "At the earliest,opportunity," replied  Henry AVyatt, sa'dly. ""We will live  upon a, crust .until your just claim is  satisfied."  "It is right'that you should," she  said; "poor tradespeople are too often  robbed  by gentlemen   like , you."  She was glib with her tongue, and  she did not spare them.1 Khe showed  them" no pity; but, indeed, it is hard,  .when we are overtaken ,by sorrow  and misfortune, to put ourselves in' the  place of others who are suffering likewise. '"  enough to become a fairly u,*oloso m-m-  1 er of society���������mil-*.-;<; in fo iar as having no trade ,u his lingers' uiulb, uii  no special great gltto by which, in an  horn of adveisity, he could obtain r.!s  own livelihood and ad*. ,uu*..* hu*.-..-.,,.-'."  in tne world,. I'p.to a certain ex';-,-..-',  yis>, i'or he had conducted hims.-lf well  a 1 school and college, and, l-.ki hundreds of others", had passed th:'>ius;n a  collide of education whim ui titled  laiiKn* Uion fitted him :>>!��������� ;he pi.u7.ci;  i.<-=ues ot Kto. His i.itln.1-���������an ���������.-.'- >-  gong, sweet-tempered g. ntkman -I-.r.'.  l"eiirborn into wealth, as tn.- .-,.;i .1-1.1  1* i-ii born, but, unlojtun.it.-Iy, tur r. i.i-  i'1: and for Hi my, ha 1 *��������� l.t'i!--:*, nmi>;i.r  till--,'*.������." Thesei     lhi<.\ !>:,,       ktlVc;,  win m existed (.is it- usual with ,.;i  cl.ij-.-ca ot .m.mK.-O a c.'uctn u-i'tpir^  0i\ bond or bruih.-flKn.il, wuuli v.-'ik-  11.10 active life tn.- ja.*iu nt. Ui'j. i>aui-  i'i gr tiler, nfay bo si'iui-i0..iiy .!��������� -.,1 di- ,1 ���������  at. laud vulture.-, icl\,- Miit.ii -  :in.i mon.>y vuliur *-. jr nap-  ] i-ii-ii. <u a. I'ruiL.-il j 11 vx.j'i ��������� in !i>!  en. *r. thai .ii.. ohkr \\ \\i:r, h.r. ,��������� .;  i.iii.!.-.(I;- 111 ule .'n nunii.i. .... :ji ir- ���������-  !; *'.l which, b'-n g bi'; ,1 ,.; 1. .-|ii;. a, .,  V, mnipa, li.* fnin-h. '.- 1 i.niy i.j i-.-!l  ;.;     1   pr.iliL.   n- vik-d   .i   f.jt.i m   -mil   ;., '  "Do you mean to tell ine,'.' continued  the widow, "that you are speaking the  truth when you say vou have nothing  left ?"  "It is the unhappy truth," replied  Henry Wyatt.  "And your father so rich as he was!"  Said the widow, "and his father before  him!     "What, not a stick left ?"  "Jluined, ruined, hopelessly ruined !"  murmured old Mr. Wyatt, wringing his  hands.   .. <���������" '  .  ������ '  "If you will spare us your reproaches," said Henry, "which pet-haps  it is' natural you should use against  us, you will be doing a charitable act.  Heaven only knows by what .means  we have fallen into this abyss. I was  ignorant" of what'was going on,, and  my dear father is utteraly unable to  explain matters to me. On my honor  as a man, we aro absolutely beggared." .  ,  "Then what security have I?" demanded the widow, "that you will keep  your word and pay me?"    ,    ,    '     ,  "We can give you no'security but our  promise," said Henry Wyatt.  "You can give me your note of hand,",  suggested the widow, with a tradeswoman's  instinct.  "Yes,' we can do' that," said Ilenrv  Wyatt, "and we will."  Thereupon he drew up a paper, whic.i  I j he and his' father .signed, acknowledging themselves to be indebted to the  widow in the sum of, one hundred  pounds, to which interest was to he re-  gularly added until the* debt was cancelled.-' 0  "This is all we' can do," said Henrv  Wyatt.  The widow took the paper, and held u  tight, wniie .-ho .ti>kedf how they were  going   t.i   live.  "Wo bha.li have  :n  live by'the  work  ,   , , of our hand.-," said Hcr.iy Wyatt, look-  iiuiind   him   long   ���������,,   at  hus  %Um  1 of  helpless pity  ���������*    "Will   you     stop  ' widow,  ".Ve: wo shall go*  iger->  with   a  kind  CHAPTER V.  In less than a week from that time,  Henry Wyatt and his father found  themselves in London. They were glaJ  I to get away from the neighborhood ;n  which their family had for the last  three generations held their heads *=o  h\gh, and in which they had been respected and honored. . Henry Wyatt  finally made application to Mr. Ingis-  field for a position, and on the following morning he secured this letter :  " Sir,���������1 have carefully considered  your application, and have resolved,to  give you a trial. There are certain  drawbacks, one or two of which 1 pointed out to you; but I am inclined to  waive them in your favor. You can  come into my oflice upon a salary of one  pound per week. ,1 name the weekly  salary, as it will enable you to give  me 7a week's notice in' case you fee1,  yourself unequal to your duties, and  will pliable me to give you a week's notice in the event of your not pleasing  me. I shall require you to commence  immediately, at 10 o'clock on the morning of the receipt of this communication.   Yours obediently,  "RICHARD INGLEFIELD.  "To Mr. Henry Wyatt."  Thi������ letter arrived by the first post,  and Henry read it aloud.  "Well, fat! er?" he said.  "One pound per week," murmured the  old mfn; "It is very little.' '  "To commence with,"' said Henry  Wyatt, cheerfully.  -  His cheerfulness was assumed, because ho himself was dashed at the  salary offered, but he would not Jet  his father see that he was'disappointed.  ,' "The letter does not say to commence  with," observed the old man.  "No; but.I say it. Of course it must  be to commence with. I shall rise,  father���������-I shall rise!. Who knows that  I may not one day become a partner?  Think of Dick Whittington."       t  "Has Mr. Inglefield1' a daughter V"  asked the old man, innocently.      {  "I have not the remotest idea," replied Henry, laughing. "Nothing was  further from my thoughts. I" was  thinking of Dick Whittington becoming  Lord Mayor of London. Come;, come,  father, we must not be downcast. Here  has come a' sudden windfall, and we  must be grateful for it. Let us see  how our banking account stands."  The' bank was his pocket,' which he  tapped lightly, and from it he drew  six silver shillings and a. few coppers.  "There ��������� is the balance, father," he'  said, spreading the,, money out upon  the table, "and we have rent to pay  at the end of the week, and the eight  shillings interest to .our creditor, Mrs.  Randall. It strilces' me we have no  choice."  The old man shook his head mournfully, and said :     ,.       ,       ,  "If I could only do something, my  boy���������if I could only earn money '."  "Not to bo thought of," said Henry,  gayly; ."not for a moment to be thought  of."    Why, what'are you fit for?"  "Nothing, nothing," murmured the  old man, his head drooping.  "I didn't mean that, 'father; I meant  that.you are too old to commence life  again. No,,- no, it is for me 'to work;  it is for me to retrieve our "fortunes.  See', father, a lucky omen. A sunbeam is shining in our room. ' There is  one thing we ought to be very thankful," for, and that is that I have cloth?s  enough to last me a year or two.  Coats and trousers will cost us nothing;  and so. father, I take off my hat to Mr.  Jrglefield, and say : 'I am deeply grateful to .you] sir, for giving me an'opening.' Now, father, while T am away you"  mt'M not grow melancholy. If you ."lo  you will mal;������ me so, and then where  should we be ? You must bo cheerful  and hopeful, and must look forward to  tlio future as I do. Thero are bright  days in siore for us, and if "we have  10 1:\ c un a littio for a time, there is no  ronton in'the world why we should not  bo   as   happy *as  -j   pair   of    birds   in  here ?"   said   tlix* 1  o London."  1 1 sp: ing."  -bn't be melancholy, my boy; I will  I be r.opcful and grateful, as you wish mo  jti> be. God bles=s you, Harry!"  And I shall c,never  h-.-.ir from  you '|    J;ut when his son was gone the old  r.e way of g .-utlemen '." I.nan's head sunic upon   the table, and  .lot   our  way,'-    said    li^nry   h>J -v,-,r.t -,onff anj bitterly.  Henry Wyatt entered upon his duties,  s.ri'1 to all outward appearance gave  s.it.sfaction 'o' his employer.     Mr. tii-  Tnat is  ,    "It  is  'Wyatt,   "an-I  y.jti ar&  doing  us an  ijustice.      I ]*r:iir.!.-- you fintuftslly th  'you   shall   hi.ir  rroi.i   us w/ier-.-ver  1  jar*.     Ve-.1   -;���������>,',".; 'hav;-   our" aadre^s.  . in,it  yoa  may  .'���������u  .'or t.'iKe wha-r-v-v  jprc] ..r 1 j c-r.f.vrc-  care .���������  ���������j < p.._.f,i!ll, v>-as Il0l a demonstrative man  mm.m  ���������������=, J ,-.7,~jec!_t,-y   tu   those   who   solved   htm.  sr r!  f<.r,T'\t   l-  r f   ���������;*   Kf in  With    Uli;  U*=    TO    I ?'  c:,nir.,  '..1  and  .*.v  i I  n.it  ii- ur,  tl.'.-.  t" 1  Wjittl     1  ���������j!i- 1'/'.-   di:i  'J-:e  15  but d  iilo A  h-ir.j  .*-- ,1 i.  )   you  r   i.-->!.uv ',  ".."li-..  We  (IMt  'a- m:  'IIT  than t.'i!^, j.r.t  th* '.i'i.i';v.* w nt ,1',*., ���������.-  .vh.-n ,t liy ;:i H-'ni-y  Lh.   huiidn-d     p'j'ir T  ���������   puivh.i-     in.  .Hid   i!>.m nf ul  1 ii.  1t.i.i  l:- -'M ii.*,r<* tli.'m t.'i!^, j.r.d <.;,',kfj ~-j  <-i-._-  -ii ly    tli.it  ��������� ni*.. lrirj.*.!   1-hs.t  ' %'���������  ill' .   ; 'I*.'. --,'  .. . .Pl'ii.    j.'i'i.  V   v. 11 ',   ,'.-,   tn   M.i"*   inirip-i;   i,n   ;,],.  ii' ;i I    '.Vi!'-!i    H   M-y    \\ J i't   i;,,v,.   1,  ,-.  Ib-   n.'i 1   put   It   ii'i'.rn   .1'.   t.v..f,i.y   1,  r  '.nt       II*.  '��������� afi q'l.t.- i.'ii'ji.ifit ',r   !"���������-,.-  ii.   ^  -.if..ir-, iwv.'s b* ' n I-. 1'if m tn,  wild  .ii'.i 'U.'ii  !.'   1. nl   />-.ir.  i  Winn  "1  );ii).* 1  ' 'h.n-k-  ih'i a ..un I'- <i p. r '���������' :u. i'i- '!,������������������ .-..'.i  1 tlwy vii ��������� siif.si'j ������������������'! to l.*i\ 1 , dv im- d  Mi"  ,.>!'���������>,<'  th.'t  "-iioa a   rati;  *.v.i'-  an   ���������?.-  inrtu-iii       An I   lin i-.-f';*   ,   ,\)i. n  li..   ;iut  il.  H!l    -.l(.' II     '.1-    Wi'!i> v 'i     1,01, ',     ' .1". I  ���������171, r -*   it ' *.* nly ,*i. r '* -nt " no ti.  irrl.'  ir    .1    i.'ir   . *ti.i"i.       .-' j'u*li i!'..'   ;..c        I  b.tw'cn   h 1 ia  '.nd   ll..-  vl.i i*.v   with   r*-  ������ p. c ��������������� I'i fhi' t .v. ���������!)'.,- p r .' ��������� nt  ;n .1 li.i.i paid  tli'in, iu :'*i,'| -,u   !.,., ,,,!i. ,     ..f.-  , ���������,  lim*,   ,,,y ,1,.. ;,niir>I;,il."  -1,  "'..'.  a ni iy of v"i.ii  \*,.i,*dii'   toiiiifn   '..rild,    ' j. -���������     > ,il   :*l    !. ,ist   (,ry   ;>."  Jlr.   \v'i,i!t   h.id   In   11  111' 1 ��������� ��������� i��������������� - (1   '11   Mi    i>,, .-*        \;. ,,,-  re. i.i ���������}-.  .-*   ���������������'   k  is   : *v  iit- was too shrewd a man of business  to vn'uar.ce. by words ot praisa, the  v.-ilu*-: of 1 heir services. Tliat he did  r-il iind fault was. In his estimation, a  j-ulHci^nt fiken of approval. Thus'  things wtmt on fur rw-lvo months cr  k ���������. and Henry Wyatt was in pi-relscly  7,77 th- s.uw r>ri.sitl-in as ar (irftt. He per-  '"'"'" j.,rmt'J his duties faithfully and zenl-  c.s.1;-; but there wan no qui-stmn of a  I(ii-.7 i,f I'Mlary. and having by this  tirr..- ir.-ir.- I an iiiMght mt" Afr Tngle-  ;,i 1 !'< di..ractcr. he was alVaid *o a.*-l<  r  fi*  ' 1 *-; 1*:..  I. .-.'  .1 1!  tl' it  d.iy.  \ *i"jii:," ���������!.. 1 r 1 i*. i!i'..ji'.   !\ -1  ri'-u, nun. .1 1'. ..iilall, uii.,,  u.-u "   ������������������  '1,  t1.11 ���������   him.-  Ir   in   difll* .il,i   j,   j.li   '.i. !������������������  ! *.'i   di  'I..:    A-.i.y  1,;      1 , ||.   f,,,  ,i.<   li  -  ^^ .'������������������  ,11-!-!' 'i,  ,ji   -i   I.--..1-. 11   j;      n ',-!;  "i    '  w.' ��������� ���������'��������� 11  ji.-n'.il.    -,  .(>��������� 1,   1,..(in ,t,  tl.Mllth   -lie   ,l|,j).M|. .1   t.i   I!|..   V.-<,,n(-   I    1  a   -m h.iIii'.'.      ri't.,  riiii.i.     ".h ih,id r 1 1.-  ( ll   Ml*     W*. ,|1!    |i,,i]   un J. ;     il.,j|   t!ir    -,.f  t:-i.i''*iii  .if ll.i*  n.iim.i ui   ,'n , 1 1 ,-di* ,!���������-  .'h  !.'   1. nl   /> -.1 r.  i  tratn  . .lu-Cl'-fll   tO   -|,'ii\*   ti.    f.   tin,- 111"!  li ��������� I 1" 1 n < ii, 1 'Ir.-,' c.xty. ",i{;  1.111) I'-   <1    p. I'   I'-  !1 t.    I' I-    ' I."    . ���������,  ir   In*    I i'l   not   1  i..nt' 1   viil   bright n'  ;.r     ���������:  ..^j'lit        II'.- f<t>!r) I i'.  no ' 'i  ,-   tu*-   r'-nt  ft  1 r,. :r   i'i mi  tit  >-h,nin-.;i   t v.-' "k  _'* !>i^  ;   , 1    I'       u,-. >n \*. li .'I i   t    t.'.  .-,'i'lP "    ������'.    oi. ��������� ..fi w. '* 'i ���������'  .'1  '  1,17!*     i" .*���������'''���������;' 'l   'i" <*���������'. "  1       ;     ,     1*. Id    ! li '. '���������     I)      f!    .1    I r  ��������� 1 .   ,  i ')   ',,t I   rn > i'    "ir-.    1'  1,  ���������I.  1!-:  'I'-'-h  ���������r ii  :r, i'r  r ! ! ,<  I<*   I--n*  ill  in  ed, a lad with a thoughtful, intellectual  face, in which dawned possibilities of  something higher than wa^s? afforded  by the opportunities of his surroundings. The lad had been sick and  Henry Wyatt's visit was made with  the desire of ascertaining how he was  getting on. The room the woman  and her son occupied was scrupulously  clean, and Henry Wyatt was surprised  to see by the lad's bedside a small  hanging bookshelf, with a few well  thumbed books upon it. He was more  surprised when he took them down  and turned their pages. There was a  copy of Milton, wltn many of the leaves  missing, a translation of "Faust," in  the same condition, and some odd numbers of "Chambers' Half Hours  with the Best Authors." Among, others'  of Chambers' cheap publications was  the touching story of "Picciola, thCj  Prison Flower," and the perhaps as  pregnant story of "Baron Trench."'  There was also the strange narrative  of "Peter Sclilemihl, the Shadowless  Man," and a presentation one-volume  copy of Shakespeare.  "Are these of your son's .choosing 1"  asked Henry Wyatt of the woman. '  ,    "Yes, sir," she replied, "he is very  fond of reading.' ,,  Indeed, when Henry Wyatt conversed  with the lad, he was astonished at the  extent of his information. It was not  long before he made' himself acquainted with tho boy's history. He had distinguished himself at school, and some  of the books had been given-Ho him as  prizes; the others'he had picked up  at odd times on old book-stalls.  " He never saves a penny, sir," said  the woman, " that' he doesn't spend it  on a book."  Upon leaving ' school the boy had  obtained employment in a printing office. ' His mother, not having sufli-,  cient money to pay the premium, could  not afford to get him apprenticed, so  his'position in"the' printing ollice'was  that of an errand boy and general hobbledehoy. This, however, did not prevent him from following the bent of  his mind ; he'had an hour for dinner  and a half-hour i'or tea, and this leisure was invariably spent in reading,  his one unquenchable thirst being a  thirst for study and mental improvement. It is from such humble beginnings that there occasionally arises in  the world one who is great in the highest sense, of the word ; one who can  move lo tears, to laughter, to worthy  aspirations ; one who, being, as it were,  born in "the gutter,'goes down to his  grave, honored, mourned and beloved  by  all  mankind.  When Ihe lad, whose name was Joseph, grew well, Henry Wyatt sought  his society, and was, of. great value to  him in the direction of his studies and  reading ; and from, this little seed thero  sprung a flower. Henry Wyatt established, in -the. humble room occupied  by .himself and his father, an evening  class, which met twice every, week for  Intellectual purposes. He'read and  lectured and taught. , His readings  were selected from poet, historian and  novelist; his lectures were* delightful  chats,' the very reverse of sermons,  which too frequently miss their mark  bj\,being'"of a sombre hue ; his teaching was history, 'geography, French  and German, and it was not long before these evenings becalme 'celebrated  in the neighborhood, and before Henry,  Wyatt occupied a position, therein of  which any man'might have been proud.  " There goes the, schoolmaster," people would say. "Teaches the lads for  nothing.   ' Oiicof the right sort."  In a- short time a third 'evening in  the week was added, when social and  popular subjects wore discussed. In  these gatherings, however, .the place of  honor was occupied by the* occasions  upon which Henry Wyatt read to his  eager auditors the delightful stories of  Charles Dickens, whose works have  done more 'to humanize the world and  sweeten the human heart than all the  soldiers, great . and . small, that ever  wore a sword or flourished a baton.  Here, then,, out of the Slough of Despond grew a garden which , angels  would have been proud to tend ;'hcre,  then, out. of the depths, arose a heaven  brightened with bright hopes, sweetened, with sweet resolves, ennobled with  noble aspirations.  Henry 'Wyatt did not recognize the  value of it -at* first, for it was not a  creation, but a growth ; but when his  classes were in full swing his reward  was great tn the consciousness that he  was helping his fellows'. c  '* Quixotically, but at the same time  with some sense of justice, he thanked  his father for this.  " Were it not for you," he said to  the old man, " It would bo out of my  power to do what I am doing. It was  yoti wl'io'Savo m*-* tlio educalion. ft  was you who raised mi*'to what 1 am.''  k " liaised you 1" cchoiHl the old man.  " V������;*���������!,   father.       Raised   me. Les-  f-or.s ha ve com'- which l could have  n*-\*i'*r learned, and 1 have a recognition  of iJutien {ind of n field which must  h.-ive in r-n hi'ldcn fiom inn had you left  ni" a  lartjr   fortiuir*."  " rt is out of your goodness Hint you  ������;i,v- IIhk" murmured  the old man,  " fl   Is  mil   of   limbing .of   tin*' sort,"  _r.iiiil.il    rr..in-y,       "II    I4   out   uf   my  eV'-u j ii,  n t.   wli.i h   brills   with   gi.ilitudo   lo  * .'it'-'I , sou ful- I :i\ ing ..iniliii d in" to help these  ' littl" on"1 " ''    -  ���������'  ,1"1 ! i-.   isi: (ov I'fS'i'i'.ii.  ''���������"'!l' I 'Iho O;**ri!tt0.   '  ri'te i* 1 *  11'filv j '"''  M",*' ill���������I'll'i'*'-1 ii'.lliiii" f|int.'j   as  ,,   ���������_",  ' r.iiK   im .i i,.i; itrtn-, |.  Uioi'i*'.'        ,  , .,..,, '     O'd  M.'ii \.il��������� I    in't    rc'ill an villi 11 it,  1 * iii ii'. ��������� ,        .        J        -'  i u ,< ��������� ��������� i- ini' v -molf iin������ it.  '    Putting- Baby to Sleep.  Once iu a very long time one comes across  a wonderful baby who allows himself to be  put to bed wide awp.ke, and never so much  as dreams of creatiug a disturbance during  the night ; but tlie average mother's experiences go t.o prove that such prodigies  are extremely rare, and are growing  rarer every, day, and she listens with incredulous ears to the assertions of mothers  of a generation ago, who assure her���������wit.h  au air of decision that there is no reason  in the world why balnea should be humored  in such matters, -rlt may be perfectly true  that all children Bhould bo trained 'to go  co sleep at a proper hour without any fuss,  and to stay asieep when the leat lias heeti  successfully' accomplished; but' this fact  does not really help the discouraged yount;  mother who iiuda it necessary to rock her  little oue to sleep icgularly ovory night,  only to have him as regularly awako -with  a mighty cry us soon as he is left to himself.  There is no doubt whatever thai' rocking  is geuerally harmful in its results, lb  acts upon the brain in much the mine  unnatural manner as an opiate, producing,  not healthful sleep, but coma, aud while  it. is momentarily soothing, its after eiloets  aro very undesirable.  1 Youug babies will 'almost always go to  sloep while nursing, and it is only when  the weaning fc period arrives that tho  mother's'ical difficulties begin. Then the  child, compolled to lie down without anything to comfort him, finds it quite as  impossible to compose his nerves as thirty  or forty years later, when business and  other cures creep in to banieh;sleep.     '  One important step in tlie work of getting children to sleep is to sue that they  are healthfully,weary before going to bed.  For the furtherance of this aim it is best to  avoid letting tlio child have an afternoon  nap, us overmuch sleep during tho day  necessarily lessens tli*; chances for resting  through the night'. Every young child  requires a Bleep of nn hour or two during  the morning and should awaken in timo for  the midday meal���������always the heartiest of  tho dsy. This o\er, it is well to let the  afternoon be spent in happy occupation,  out of doors, if weather be fain table, and,in  any caso ,in fresh, pure air. Ill-ventilated  ami overheated rooms are highly detrimental to the.hsalth and happiness of a child,  anil tend to produce uiidiin stimulus of.tlio  brnin, resulting in headache and u general  feverish excitement. Children should livo  perfectly natural lives ; thpy should rise  early, and go to bed not lMor than aevon  o'clock in the evening ; and they should  be provided with plain, wholesomo food  and hycif-nic clothing. 0  Many children' find it impossible'to sleep  when hungry, and this fact demands a good  deal of consideration on .the mother's part.  Whilo a hearty meal should never be pnr-  Kiken of immediately before bedtime, a cup  of .warm milk, sipped slowly, will rarely  have other than a aootliing ol!e*it, particularly if it be preceded ly n warm sponge  bath. The latter, indeed, is very essential  to perfect health, and is, in itself, an excellent means of inducing refi calling sleep.  Some Hints.  Old kid gloves make excellent penwipers.  If you have a cosy nook,in' your sitting  room complete its charm by hanging over  ita.softly shaded lamp. It may be placed  111 a bracket if you'choose or hung by 11  hook fiom the ceiling.  You can kei*p cako and sandwiches fresh  for several days by wrapping them in a  cloth and setting rheui away whero the air  will not touch them. Uso the same mothod  to preserve buns, biscuit and aqll'ee cako.  A young woman who is a clever artist as  well as a busy housewife has discovered  that tho very best way to grease cako tins  or gem pans is to apply tin* dripping with  a stiff bristle paint brush. After it has  been used, wash it with hot water and soap  mid lay '.l away until it is needed again.  be kept separate by a bit of cotton and tht  dead skin (after touching lightly with  acetic acid) must ba removed as fast as itr  tenderness will allow. But' bear In mind  .that no cure can ba accomplished whlfe an  ill-fitting shoe is still doing its mischievous  work. Too tighc a shoe, especially one* too  natrow-toed, is an ill-fitting shoe.  ��������� hcarf.  ���������1/," he  v job fo  ���������1, I the  I', 'ild.-ill,  .! im:  h.'ir'.l  :, thrift  1 *,*. <,  it 1 id.ill   In    the    Jinn  an'. ' u'liiy 1 u'liid.-i, mi   .Mil. '1  *i... 1 1  ti.i    lif.d   if. ' I\< (!   1 -���������!(,   ;in I   h mi   ;,i  full   fi ti i t I'i re.,  of  tli ���������   v. 1 ,,i--  ���������.. '.ir-  (If a111.      'I hi r <���������  (im 1  1. .1  1 mi    I,  ..  u,g '" lii'-  wi'biv'-i  '.1* .'���������',   .*. rn. n,  i.  ll.. i 'I.i    b ���������   .-M 1 li 'J,    *.��������� .1-    !��������� 1*    I li.     |.  v'.w, .1   Mini  fd  'in.- hij'eli   d  .ml  fo- I ;  poiiiidi   ilu *   if)   ii  1    fi. in   ." 11      *A,.iir,  and   .'hf*  ram"   tu  mm   ind   !n������-   -mIi     i  deep   drilrf',   and   di i-lumP d   ?imi   \m-  pirn ' d   tin in   lo   pa *,'   h- i .      7 n. 1    .*   i.-  (f.fi   .*r!lif!i   ov'-rwli'driif'I,   .mm),   to   ilnir  cr. di!   Iif   il   S������,id,   w-f-i ���������    ii.ii   hfnioi ,ild",  lo I.ill back upon Iti.- 1' s.il 'imul.l ��������� rli.it  tli' y wrc .ml  lawfully |nr������,ird lo Dii'-  pf"ii- woman.  " Vou (i-'.'r,f  *jjd   y.'->     f.'v.'1-iU.   "and   ll   i.T'i't  ll  }'<T  1 1  11 '  ii*:-  ��������� 1  1-  ll'  ii;  I'M.'  j  u i'i  pi.'  r:  .. .'1    1  it  in    !. '  '   -'l   Tint  .1*.  '1  1 .  '11  ���������',.'*    (I  '  r. -;. 1'   ii  ,ilt -r..i!  Mi!    I 1  "t ir.'" '-  ��������� ���������   I-.  f. ��������� 1  it,','  ii.  1 ,  It  ;i  a*-11  t.i --   I I'  ti  "(.  1 1!  ���������tif't -1  '.'nt    ui.rri '.'ie run ..m *d pmir"K  ;.,. '-hi /, '  m r-ll'^l  tl* my '..'/ 1".  1 1. 1'��������� v" ' aifil >tio:i, "1'. j 1 eiijhi <i  ,  I 1 i-   * -rk "  'mi '.'.il! j,ay rnf* rli.'il," -.ild  ,��������� , "mmIII vou f, n f.'iy ;rl"  ..p-U*" /I  '.1,"    'ii!f!   ft'-nrv   Wi'ill,   ir-adif"  nd    yf.11   eiflit   ���������.iul.'m"    n,   w  11 -r'l I'l'-ly,  f>r 'l'i;-v/*,  unlil ' n ���������  iiu id  pound"- ;ii-"  r.ai'l."  "I h.11 " r.'M hlng el"-*" !'j ih'i "nd up-.11."  <-rii.| Hi" v i'l'.w, ".ind T irm.'-t r- ��������� t vl!1'.  h"!   with   vfiii." proml--'*       A*   fur  y.'tr \ '' >! ������������������  -d'u-vlri:'.   iniifh   [mod   Uint   will  do  rn    j '��������� ���������' - '  It   '"-���������   a   ifil'Mnn   prrun'--e,   mind,   and   ;f.w'*i"  |\mi   rl iti'l   kff n   It,   r   li'.?"*   mi'U'fu liuif  mv hu'b'liid  I he Uionf v," j mi'"/ 'llnr;  U> vou  nil  I'i" rlavr of ym't |nn*  1 ������������������ hf,.." ' iv/b'.rn   fl'i"/  "-'.itt lind  I.  H.  ,;���������    H   -,<-.    ',','.|*    -���������   ,    il--      < '  Ii -If,    'n   fi'liT '.  .,.,., 1    .' r,,     ������.i".i.!n",    in  id-:   f .'li'*,-    v li"'.   Ik-  '', 1  ! In  >,(!���������   friff 1' l',"lf!'-j "I1'.'  *-     I'I   MM     .1 [>'' I * '    ''I     ' '   (      I  ,\ im ui wii*. "''f-'lrx'd ,>  li   i*  :  ,1 it !    i*    ' i|i;i.'    t'li'    h*i. I  'Id   'is  j_,r,,.,.  '   '<i-If-  t'j   ���������>'���������  *   r|     .1.  . 'id ���������;  / ?-r..i  1 p'l-t-  1    i'i-  i- iiilfl '  1  1   ,'. <��������� ui V  1  f   ,f   <-(i- .'  '' 1.   1 .���������/., 1  fi   fd'   a  ' I   i*  'Tl     '"  I I l.lfl-  .SoriKthi'.if; to Mtirry On.  - VVl ,!,      f 1 III. [ ,     I      ill 111 It      I  H ll al  if.ariy.  K,*-.rr--M.  Why,    you    luivn't  Iixperienco with  Flowers.  Last year I had some of the loveliest  paneies I ever haw, says Kthol Edson. I  was troubled with a. worm oat.iug the  flower, but wtak piu-is green is good to kill  tnem. Tlioae not kept so very rich did  better than those that were. Tiie oilier  handsome flowers Iliad were ragged ladies,  castor-oil bean and mangolds. Ammonia  weakened so it will not burn tlio tongue is  splendid to onrich'thc soil, make tlio~plants  bloom and kill worms iu the oartli. This  year I am going to have a vegetable garden  too. I Iinvo learned that cuttings taken  fi.oin tho top of potuniiiH are more likely to  grow than those lukon from near the bottom. Out of six cuttings taken from a  withered hoqucl, live made rapid mul  vigorous giowui.  Recipes.  Pried Apples.���������Do not peel, but wash  the apples well. Slifte and drop into hot  cottolene. Ho sure the' uottolono iu hot  enough to crisp the oui.side of the apples at  once. Tot it with 11 piece of white-bread,  if it browim quickly u. ;a right.' Dust the  tipples with powdcied sugar, slightly  llavorod with cinnamon.  (Jra'nberry l'io.���������One quart of berriag,  iinil one quart of sugar. Tut togother in a  slew pan and simmer until done. Line  your pn: pl.iles with a rlchciust, fluted  iii-riimd the edges, put the berries on the  eriiHt and bake slowly. Kumovc from the  oven mid (ipiead over each pie 11 meringue  half an iucii thick. Return lo the oven  until the meringue, lurnij white. Thia is a  jiiutty (Imil and enn be. decoiiited by  iliupn"of cranberry j<Hy.  CAREER OF A DUKE.  Hnmilton   Led a Itecliless ami  a Useles* ,  1.11c���������Had an Ilnormoiis IMate.    ,  The late Duke,of Hamilton had estate3  in four Scottish and English counties,  comprising perhaps hundrctla.of thousands  of acres, aud with a tenantry of 'probably  two score thousand souls or inoro, says a  Loudon letter. The power for good or ill  of a great country landlord o\er the happiness, morals, aud physical progress, aud  in fact, almost every detail of the daily life  of his tenants is almost illimitable. To  this vast responsibility there has just  succeeded a young man of 33, a remote -  cousin of the late nobleman. What are bis  habits, his character, his antecedents, his  views of life and of this responsibility, and  ihe prohabic uso he will make of it, not  only in respect to his tenantry, but in 'hi*  succession also to his hereditary'legislative  duties, arc questions of obviously moment-1  ous importance to this realm, yet not a  "ingle London newspaper tells us anything  more of this young man than lhat ho was  born in 1S(>*2 and was once a lieutenant in  tho royal navy. ,  I.ED A HECJCLK3S Lll'li  The character and habits of Mier late  duke are certainly as propersubjc.ta for  legitimate comment, as those of, Kosebory  or Balfour or Gladstone; But yet again  no Knglisli newspapers toll us anythjng  more of him than tho details of his titles ���������  aud racing career. In fact, the story of  his wretched and useless life should bo used  to point a moral of the utmost importance.  He seems to have had no comprehension of  his duties or responsibilities. His reddest  life once brought him to tho vergo of  bankruptcy, which was averted only by the .  shrewdness of his business agent, and' his  tenantiy wore {.robabiy therefore tho so- .  verest sullerers. lie bud for yeuri almost  abandoned English society, shunned Loudon and was only seen occasionally at the ,  Mewmarkot races or on his yacht at Cowes.  Ho was a big, fat mau, with the German  strain of hio mother htro'naly in ovideuco  both in his manner and dross.    '  Among the many wild exploits of his  youth," 1 am told ,he was* concernod in a  night broil in tho London Haymarkot,  which resulted in l.he death of a policeman.  Sometime since he developed symptoms of  heart disease and placed himself uucier a  noted specialist for the treatment of.this  corpulency, as he lia'd been advised that  the only chance'of prolonging his life was  to redueo his weight. The, specialist  ordered him to stop all drink beyond a half  pint of wino, whereas the ,duke had been  accustomed to take seven or eight bcttles'  of the finest claret daily. Ho could not,  stand the spacalist's regimo and reverted  after a few week! of abstinence so his  former habits and had a lenewed und acute  attack of gout, which went to h'is heart  ami killod him.  LIV1������I> on   ins VACIIT.  Ho lived of late years almost wliollv on  board h'B stoam yacht, tho 1 histle. His  chief claim for history, indued, is that  Marie liaalikirtBoll fell in I0V0 with him at  Nice t.nd frequently mentions her ��������� passion  in her famous diary. Ho was' man led to  the, daughter of the present. Duchess of  Devonshire, but it is' common knowledge  that the union was an unhappy one. When  the Duke of Mauehestcr, liis father-in-law,  died tho duchess"anived just as he hud  breathed Ih'h last, and her daughter, I t.o  DuchoMiof Hamilton, has now had the sumo  Suocassitil Corn Cures.  uuhuppy e>-porieueo, as she had only   time  to join her husband before,his death.  The Duko of Hamilton was a iiotud gout*-1  inuud.and the story goes in London society  that he. and Mr. Wilson, tno husband of  iho sister of the Duko of Fifo.'who was  divorced from her husband, Adrian Hope,  were wont, to sit down together to a roast  sucking pig and a large suet pudding, both  of which they invariably linished. -Tho  Duko of Hamilton was a miserable man  and he was given to lamenting that though  ho hud six palaces hohadjio home. His  bister was married in ISO') to the' I'rmco of  Monaco, bat i'n 1SS0 the'pope annulled the  marriiigo on the ground that it was procur*  nd by duress by the agency of tho Kmpress  Eugenie.  Tne. Duko of Hamilton bad squandered  as much of his fortune as he cold control,  and some years ago dispersed the rliiuiillon  Palace collection, one of the most magnificent, private collections in the world, 10  meet his extravagant expenditures. The  fainoii8 Hockford Library, indeed, went, to  (icrniany. *  Such is the career of this,man of vast  responsibilities.   , ,  Soft curiiii and hard corns, too, can be  cuiod by iilliuly foot bath, inglit or morning  a litllc tallow, laid, viiboliuu or anything 0  (Jut tl-.e  rry  .<  -/��������� 1,,1 !' I'i 11 in y "11   1     I  ! I.ll    1', I'n iw w li i''i tin* nutter | like nature to  prevent friction  .'ii   '* ���������    .*i..*'  'f.i'nii,      Ifc'i   wortn    a I ,-of',.  corn uiteiully   to hlui't   with,   and   in  j j-rocicsH "! timo you will iiu'uh it. Hard  I < oiiiH want, enuiigii oil or giu,t������������ to saturate  I ihe Kto.;kiin; ovei tlicm. 1 have frequently  ' liopp'id .1 liltlf 111 ic'iinc oil 0:1 the stocking  when nothing olio whs liuiidy, and gone  inbuilt, my liiiiUiif-i K.rgulnil ui it 11 oo;n  ' evil b-iinercd.  A pice oi cotton b.'ttiug wrapped atound  llie irn* ,-ind uhnrq;"d often, ih h safe and  g. ncri.iiy a cuiiiple''* i nr'*.  In iho c.-iH'; 01 Mjfi coiui i^ieal oleunim<.t,s  mi ii'.i .  I!;i..il'. df a Compromise  Mi. '.Vwi*. rii'i't'.'M Kin'!*/, mi* di.uiur  .t-iy" n. a" 11 1 1 i ,1 1 < nc 1 <,M<i 01 tun !������.  ��������� -. ni'^y  fid ic1,inn', 1  Mi*,  \\ 1 i'i 1 iK,i -fm,  -(., r':i,if yfiii lliink  y.iii '1 r.-   Mint ,' I'i  tnio ''  ".''ii ur'  1  Royalty on the Bicycle.  The bicycle ora/.e attacks all ranka of lifo,  and is constantly gaining new recruits.  The Princess Adolphm of Teck in llie 'ast  addition from English royalty to the bicycle  brigade, and, like the majority of Kngliuli  women, she wears a dainty eo.it nine of light  tweed made with 11 short .skirt, whioli  reaches to the top of the gaitets and is lined  with pretty pulo-colorud Bilk, which also  makes the blouse, worn under u short coat.  Tho gaiters mutch the skirt, and aro worn  ovor' patent leather shoes. Tweed  knickerbockers usually, but not always,  accompany this Btylu' of dross. In Paris  tho woman who wear* a skitt for bicycling  is looked upon by her emancipated sinters  with contempt, for her lingering fondness  for petticoats ond efl'emiiiato ideas of dress.  niiv  w. iw'.y down my  Mr Wii.l'-rM.' ton. - An i Ir.iW'i 1 u pa* -  11. In of laitli in n .,ni:, . ,-n i liiiiij'hl. t Ic 111  I'i 'ii-p'*,'ate J'"* 1    '",   if'  yniii niiiimi'*. ' ljllA v,v, oljjcved.    'I lie tuiienuj: iocs mu.'it I down lo 120,  Would Talk Himself to Death.  A despatch from Topeku, Kan., says! ���������  The doctors at tho Odaawatomie Insano  Asylum keep John N. Iloynolds, famous  u.s an ox-convict, under the influence of  opiates about half the time. They have to  do it to prevent him from talking liiniEolf  to death. He wants to make speeches day  and night. One moining he commenced  to deliver a temperance lecture and did not  (init for twfiiity-sevon liouiB, and only then  wiien he punted from hunger and cxhau*.  t-on. He weighed 200 pounds wlic." Iio  eiitetod tho asylum.   He has talked liilii.^.'.:' THE   KOOTENAY   MAIL.  3  t^ESg3ai������si*������:t'l^itHr"MniKaa  HBM A WOMDERFUL GAS  'i������->IDM,    TAKEN    FROM   STONES,  ���������SHOWS   REMARKABLE  QUALITIES.  ihe  but on air, and which will have to be  helo  down with ropes.  i     A helium man-of-war could thus rise out  of the water  and literally   fly , from   the  eni'iny by simi-ly throwing her ballast, over-  , board,   and   in   a  helium locomotive the  j friction would be reduced  to a  minimum  [ and great spaed .attained.  |     These* aro some of the possibilities   foreseen by enthusiastic scientists who are now  CoiiuiK-iiKiit or Argon���������Terri-   watching the development of helium. Prol.  ' J. Norman Lockyer is making a thorougn  examination of thefnew ga3, and in the  latest report from his laboratory he says :  "A very small quautityof cleveito is all  that is necessary to obtain a considerable  quantity of the new gas, which comes ofi  associated with hydrogen."  This shows that helium is present in the  earth in enormous quantities.    It isot only  found in   cleveite, the   Btone named after  Prof. Cleve, of Upsala, and fouudn iNor-  j way, but it,is also found  in tho   common  nowing aa yet, feldspar like mica'in granite and in  pitch-  i blende,  ono   of   the ores of urauiurr.._    Its  ! identification in many other minerals found  in all Darts of the earth is soon expected.  lie' Explosive Force of This   New fias.  Which liny li'cvoIiUloulye Xavnl -Wiir-  fnvr���������Ah Entire   XeSi    Epoch   Has Snil  ilcnly   Dmviii'il   In   Science���������Siartliiis  lll<rnvcrlt*K Jlny   lie looked For.  Following cios-e iu   the' track   of  argon,  another  new  gas, hitherto  unknown and  unsuspected, has been found, und scientists  ate anxiously waiting  for reports from the  laboratories where it is now being experi  men ted with';    There is no  what the new gas is'capable of. 1  Argon, which from the earliest times  men had been breathing into their lungs  without knowing it, has been shown to be  i the cause of the,aurora borealis. Helium,  the newest of the gaees, it is now suspected, may be the,, cause of other' mysteries  which for.ages have-puzzled the scientific  world. It is entirely different from argon  though both were discovered almost eimul-  taneously. o ���������     ,  Argon is found in the atmosphere, and  when condensed under euormous pressure  it looks like cheese. Helium is found in  oertain minerals and when extracted it  bears a resemblance to butter. The experiments that have thus far been made with  ,;,. helium'show that it bears a curious and  strange relationship to'argon, and the two  when combined may produce results of a  startling character. ' .' <,  Their nature is radically different Helium ia lighter thau nitrogen. Is it possible,"  ask many scientists, that herein may be  found the solution of 'tho balloon problem ?  Helium, it is suggested, when carried in  small quantities in the pocket may liftmen  from the earth, when all that is needed is  machinery to make them fly ! , Helium, it  is thought, will make au explosive so terri.  ble that the~only objection to it is it will do  too much damage'. 0This is when it is combined with other elements, but'wheu  handled pure it is harmless.  Yet this strange gas taken from the earth  and whoso presence waB hiihertb unsuspected and undreamed of, and which has only  been discovered by an'accident, may, it is  now pointed out, revolutionize chemistry  even more thun argon. Its potentialities  may spread through the entire domain of  physics.     , v  Unlike argon, helium,so far as is known,  is uot an illuniiuant. It does not give forth  tho weird light obtained from argon by  Prof.Berthelot, and which he has identified  with the aurora borealis. Rut holium is  less easily controllable than argon. The  , latter, it is suggested,"may be the essential  principle of'light, while ^lelium gives suggestions'of being the "s'sential principle of  force. Lodged in certain' minerals, it is  supposed to be present in the earth in  itupendous quantites.as is argou in the air,  and the cu������ is the comulemeut of tbe other.  c      MAV KILL AKMIKS.  Helium, it is pointed out, may revolutionize' warfare, introducing a new explosive  which will demand neiv guns and render  , ironclads worthless. It may make war so  terrible that nations will fear to engage  in hostilities and a reign of perpetual peace  be thus insured. Hit with a helium projectile, the strongest ironclad, with oil her  crow, might vanish' into thin air and the  very depths of ocean be.stirred by concussion. c  Diopped in   the midst of an advancing  army  trom ,a helium   balloon,   a ~ helium  'bomb, it is pointed out, might kill 100.000 Btllllce . in the spectroscope yielded .the  men and dig a hole in the earth so big that yellow baud discovered by prof. Lockyer  the ocean 'would   flow iu.    Not  only   nn-   fu 1872 and named I" " '  THE DISCOVERY  i i  of this strange new substance, which seems  to be as' much one of tho basic elements of  nature as argon, was made by Prof. Ramsay, who is associated with the discovery  of argon, and who is known by reputation  to every chemical expert. He was endeavoring to trauK argon to its haunts when he  canio upon helium, and each of these,'it  may be remarked, was discovered as the  result of logical reasoning and experiment.  He had gone into the British Museum one  day to look at the literature on nitrogenous  Bubstances,when his attention was directed  to an official publication which at once  absorbed him.       '���������     ���������     ��������� '  It contains a monograph, by.AV. F. Hille-  bnind " On the Occurrence of Nitrogen in  Uranimite," uranimite being a general name  applied to all Borts of minerals which contains uranium. Mr. Hillebrand told by  what process he had produced a gas which  wus'.'colorless, odorless, a nonsupporter of  combustiou, unchanged' by mixture with  air, noiitral' to moistened litmus papers,  absorbed by, caustio alkalies and' insoluble  in water���������'at least its coefficient of absorp;  tion was so smalt as to be inappreciable"  without elaborate experiments." This  must be nitrogen according to all previous  knowledge, Prof. Ramsay read on the proof  of, its nitrogenous qualitiei :���������  " Long-continued passage of the electric  spark between the platinum wires of,the  eudiometer, in which was a mixture of the  gas with pure oxygen, produced a marked  I contraction, and a few / drops of water  purposely introduced above the mercury  before turning on the current gave, when  taken out and tested with diphenylamine  and bruniere, intense blue and red colors  respectively. Blue litmus paper turned red  b'y it. When tho terminals of a Ruhmkorff  coil were connected to a simple modification of Siemens's induction tube, devised  for tho "employmen; of small quantities  of gas containing a< mixture of the gas  with throe ..volumes of electrolytic hydrogen, a slow contraction resulted, provided the products of combustion as fast as  formed could bs removed by water or au  acid. A strip of moistened red. litmus  paper was suspended'' in the [apparatus.  Water used as .an absorbent gave strong  alkaline reaction with' litmus, besides  Affording with Nossler's reagent the characteristic ' ammonia reaction in a marked  maui'ier."      .   ,  ��������� ,  HOW THE CAS   WAS I'OUXD.  It was this suggestion that gsive Prof.  Ramsay food for the thought which led to  the finding of helium. He decided to try  au "experiment with cleveite. This is a  mineral which looks somewhat like black  lead, but is.harder. und>more brittle and  brighter to the eye. It produces not only  argon, but helium. . . ,  Tlio process of extraction consists in putting .the feldspar containing the cleveite,  aflor powdering it, into a flask and adding  dilute sulphuric acid, whan it, yields li, per  cent, of its weight in gas. Tho gus being  collected and purifiod by "sparkling" with  o.xygen jn the presenco of alkali, turned  out to bo a mixture' of argon with a  strange,   new substance.    This  new   sub-  Hay for Dairy Cows.  ,A good quality of grass,' or of the grasses  is considered 'to be one oi the best ana  most perfect rations for milch cows during  the summer season, hence whoever keeps a  dairy will consult his own interest in securing the best pastures possible by proper  improvements for this purpose. Reasoning  from the same standpoint, the farmer  should endeavor to produce the be3t quality of hay for winter feeding. *' Especially  is this ' desirable  where cows   are'milked  the next, week, and the last third the next  Wiek, and fight back again, and you will  find a large improvement in the croppage  and also in the character of the butter and  cream, an improvement in ils flavors   '  THAT ETOIAI lUTIUY.  SOME DARING FEATS BY GALLANT  BRITISH SOLDIERS.  tions, but countries, could thus be wiped  from the map if this terrible gas is tu do-  vclop its suspected explosive qualities,  while mountain ranges could be levcllod  and the Isthmus of Panama cut by a fow  ������    jombs'placeu at short intervals.  Vast lakes may thus-.be.mado to ap-  inear in a desert, nnd Saharu either bo,made  .ruiiful or blown out of existence, giving  place lo a sea where edible fish could be  fouud. ' The terrible force thus placed iu  the bauds of revolutionists might well  make tyrants pause.  Who ie to say whether helium is not to  alter the whole1 topographical appearance  of things,   placing io   within the power of  one country to cut itself off'from another,  .   lo   level barriers  like   mountain   ranges,  that aro now tbe sole protection   of independent nations, and  to change the course  of mighty rivers  like tho Rhine, .the Dan-  ��������� ube or tho Mississippi?    With   helium of  this nature the proudest city   would bo at  the mercy of   the Anarchist,  and    prison  ,  walls would be useless.  HUSTIKO WITH  HELIUM.  Again it has been pointed out by those  who are speculating upon the possibilities  of this strange new gas, that, being lighter  than air, it may lead to tho discovery of  the North Pole. Helium bombs . ot tho  ' kind suggested would clear a path for the  discoverer through the mightiest icebergs  and reduce the terrors of the Arctic ton  minimum. This gas might quickly "make  the dirigibie balloon a pructieal thing, so  that flying machines could, take holiday  parties across tlio open Polar Sea and  excursionists armed with helium guns  might clight for Bport upon the icebergs  and shoot walrus, uorwhal and other Arctic  creatures at a distance of several miles.  It is of course belioved that  one or   the  Au exchange tells a sloiy whisk may be  ,,, ...        ��������� ,. ,        ���������-   taken as a fresh manifestation of a certain  other of ihcxo two new gases,  which   seem   weil.k���������own .Scotch characteristic ���������'  lietween   theih-to   contain   tho   essential  helium.  As soon as this new substance was shown  to Prof. - Urookes he pronounced it to be  helium, which had never before been seen  except iu a color. The famous yellow line  is the one made by the most distant part of  the sun's atmosphere, which is highor iu  the atmosphere than either hydrogen or  sodium.' , Al. Cornu, the eminent French  savant, has also agreed with Prof. Crookes  n tho identification of helium, which has  been steadily searched for since 1872. c  OTHEU   EXI'EIUMENTS.  TProf. T. E. Thoipe, of the University of  Glasgow, extracted some helium from cleveite, but found no argon, as Prof. Ramsay  had done, and iu his report he asks : " Is  thero any relation between argon and helium, and are we facing a new epoch in  chemistry?" Prof.* Lockyer, after examining several tubes of the new gas, said he  found no argon lines.  Tlio expectation now among chemists is  that, an entire new epoch has suddenly  dawned in scienco which may load no one  knows whither. There are infinite possibilities opeuing out in trie path of the  discoverer who experiments with these new  gasos, It has been found, for instance,that  when sparked with helium, argon loses its  purple bands. This points to a duality and  consequently to a third new elemf nt whose  revolutions may be startling.  Helium is now but a few weeks old. It  is bring widely experimented with and  disclosures as startling us those made by  ririMu arc looked for in the immediate future.  a part sr the whole of the wiuter season.  Other crops will be needed for this purpose,'  but hay made (.from grass will continue to  have its appropriate,, place. And this  should be in' quality' as near grass as the  conditions will allow it to be made.  How to raise the most and be3t hay  should be, the aim of farmers who keep  stock, and particularly cows. Some .farmers seed to grass in the fall, but perhaps  more iu spring. This is ran important  matter, as much of tho usefulness of the  meadows after seeding will depenu on the  condition of the soil aud how this work is  done.  First, the soil should be in a good condition aa regards fertility and a thorough  pulverization. Perhaps more frequent, than  iu any other way, a cultivated crop is first  taken from the land, either corn or potatoes, and then the next year.it is seeded to  grasB along ' with some kind - of grain.  Where this is done, and the land sufficiently manured, it should'bein agoodcouditiou  ���������physical'and otherwise���������to produce satisfactory crops of hay for a term of years,  with proper treatment. But in this work  particular reference should be'had to the'  future .crop of hay, .rather than mere  present returns. ,  Tlie manuro should not all be applied to  the first crop. If it is, tlicre will be but comparatively little of it left for the jucceediug  crops of hay. A part of the manure at  leaBt should be applied with the crop when  seeding down. Ii the soil is in a pretty  good state of fertility aud there' are fears  thatmore manure would cause the grain to  lodge and thus smother or kill out the  young grass, then it had better not be  applied: In such instances, or where there  is not enough of manure for profitable use,  a good super-phosphate can be employed  with excellent results.  As to  the kinds  aud quantity  of grass  Beeds to be sown. This will depend largely  on the location, the kinds that  thrive'best  and are in mp3tdemand for hay.    This is a  large  country,   and   no  one list'of seeds  would be alike, adapted to all sections. But  iu all parts  some  kinds  are much   better  than others and these should be used,  Perhaps  no one  variety is iu   more   general  favor than the clover in some of its forms.  It is good for the soil,' and makes the best  of hay whe'n  properly managed.    Hero at  the east we sow quitelargely of the medium  red   and the   alsike   clovers,   believing  a  mixture of the two to be better than either  alone.    With these, we use  timothy, to'a  large extent, some perhaps adding red-top  or any other kind of grass  that' may seem  desirable.    At the west and   south other  varieties  of the clover may be  better, as  well ae of other kinds of crasses.    The idea  should .be. to   choose   those   kinds   that  experience proves to be  tho   best adapted  to any given.locality or soil.    Again it will  pay lo get   the cleanest and purest seeds  that can bo obtained,   not only for the real  value of the hay, but to avoid as far as may  be the introduction of noxious weeds   that  are fast being spread  over the  country,.in  tho seeds that are purchased, to a very large  extent.    A little extra for pure seed should  induce no one to take an inferior  article,  even at a considerable lower price.  For some ic.isou���������perhaps the condition  of the so'l and lbe numerous insect pests���������  much more grass seed is now required lo  the acre than when the country was new.  Wo also now consider a finer quality of hay  superior to that wliicn is larger and coarser  iu growth, at least' for cows and young  animals. , .7  A good farmer finds this mixture to  answer an excellent purpose on''his soil :  Eight to ten pounds of clover, three pounds  of alsike clover and enough of timothy an.l  red-top to make up a half-bushel per acre.  This is good. Before the grass seed is sown  the land should be cleared of all obstructions that would be in tho way of harvesting machinery, and then tho seed covcrod  very lightly in the most desirable manner.  Some will re-seed to grass without any grain  crop, believing this to -be tho better  way, securing a better catch ' of grass  and more satisfactory crops of hay  afterward. Whatever tho method employed the idea should be tosccure tho largest  and best crops of hay possible for the usos  to which they are to be devoted.  Makinsr Roads.  The best time for road work is' after the  spring work has been completed, because  he ground is then neither too wet nor too  dry, and when dry,weather sets in there ia  no use trying to work road3. Road worli  in ihefall is just as impracticable, became  the track will be'muddy until tne frcze-up  occurs aud the following spring will be full  of mud holes. For this reason divide townships into road districts so that the main  portion of the labor can be done after the  crops are in. Every crew of men preparing;  roads must have an overseer with them all  the time. He must understand his business, and one superintendent cannot  properly   oversee  more than  one crew oi  men;  It  <ntves  FASHION IN FIJI.  as Much Concern to the Ladle  There im Elsewhere.  Fijian women have a most affectionate  disposition although, like all semi-civilized  people, ^they are extremely sensitive'and  ready to take offence at ihe veriest trifles.  Their skins are usually of a bright dark  brown, smooth and glossy as polished  marble, and .many, while young, possess  handsome features and most symmetrical  forms;'but, unfortunately, their natural  grace speedily disappears after marriage���������  at least, among the common people, who  have nc attendants to relieve them in the  heavier duties of the household. While  unmarried, their hair,' picturesquely, adcrn-  ed with hibiscus and other flowers ia permitted to fall in thin plaits down the back  of the neck. .This is regarded as a sign of  maidenhood. After' marriage the plaits  are cut off, and not allowed to be worn  again. *,    ' " '"  In Suva and1 Levuka the women gener-  al'y wear a blouse- Bhaped. pinafore of thin  white cotton, but in their homes of in the  interior districts they aro content with the  sulu, a kind of loin-cloth made from, the  bark of the,, native mulberry tree, aud  wrapped two or three timeB round the body.  The manufacture of this cloth, called lappa,  is ouo of,the leading industries in Fiji, the  bark being heated with" wooden mallets  into thin sheets, which are joined together  as required. -When1 taking part in the  meke-meke, or native dance, the girls wear  a short, thick petticoat of dried grass,'  adorned with black and yellow tappa  streamers, the bodies remaining bare from  the waist upward. The hair is decorated  with flowers, and frequently frizzed and  plaited in the fashion somewhat resembling  that depicted in Assyrian sculptures.  Meet of the chiefs and their wives areex-  tremely particular concerning the clothing,  of their offspring; the girls usually wearing  white cotton pinafores, or   blouses,  over a  colored cotton pe������ticoat.      The families of  the higher claS3 of chiefs   possess   a somo-  what aristocratic cast  of features.      This  is especially noticeable   in the descendants  'of King Thakombau.      Among these is his  granddaughter,    the   Princess   Ada,   who  possesses many of the intellectual characteristics of the deceased monarch.   Her attire,  as becomes  a member   of the Fijian   royal  family, is somewhat   more   elaborate than  that generally worn, and   consists of a thin  silk bodice of-aome light color, edged with  ornamented ribbou, aud a calico   petticoat  over a pair of loose  calico trousers���������a costume  admirably   adapted   to   the   Fijian  climate.     Shoes and stockings are discarded by Fijians of all classes, save on special  occasions,   and   during    the   hot   summer  months mauy  of   the   European'residents  feel tempted to go aud do likewise.  CATS AND   POLAR BEARS.  The Highlander nnd the Archers���������Cuincil  Ad mUsiou ni Ihe Mi uii Xnjpcr IE) :i  Lucky 'Accident���������llie Murder of .Mr.  ICobcrt Turlcer'-I(ln ICravc Defence.  Sir Colin' Campbell's  relief of Luuknow  was the occasion of some daring  teats   by  British soldiers.    The capture of the Shah  Neujeef, a great walled enclosure just outside Luckuow, was one of   the  most hotly  contested  engagements.    Among  the   defending  force,   in. addition   to   mutinous  soldiers of the Company, there was a large  number of Par=ees, armed only with bowE  and airows. , One of the attacking party, a  Highlander named White, raising his head  above the  wall" behind, which  he and his  comrades were concealed,had an arrow shot  right through' his feather  bonnet.'   It was  a narrow escape from death, but the soldier  took it very coolly ; he pulled out lho arrow,  and  raised his bonnet on the point of his  bayonet again above the wall.    The archer,  seeing it sent a flight of arrows  around it,  and one of the Boldiers who had raieod his  head above the wall at the  same moment,  fell dead with an arrow through his brain.  Sergeant White and his men then resorts  ed to a clever ruse.    They all loaded their  guns 'in   readiness.    Then   simultaneously  they   pushed up   their   Highland  bonnets  above the wall,    Tlie archers, who were on  the look out, each discharged his shaft, and  ino sooner bad the flight  of  arrows passed  overhead than the  concealed Highlanders  sprang up.and ���������  POURED I.V A VOLLEY  with telling effect, getting down again before ' the archers were ready with their  second discharge. One .soldier, however,  remained to watch the ell'eco of the volley  a moment too long, and an arrow passed  clean through his body ; lis sprang straight  up into the air and'fell dead.  When ,the Ninety-Third- Hichlanders  captuied they Shah Nu'jeef they gained admission to the fortress by a lucky accident.  The Btorming party had been driven back  and .were preparing for a final attempt,  when Sergeant John Paton, completely out  of breath, came running up. He had acci-  'dentlyjdiscovered a means of entrance rouud  at the back of the building. A cannon shot  from the English artillery had gone through  the 'first breach, crossed the intervening  space, and blown out the wall at the further  side of the'building. Sergeant Paton had  gone up a ravine at the side of the building,  and finding this hole had climbed up the  ramparts to it. Lookiug iu he had seen the  whole Jof ' the defending force, 'with their  backs to him, ready to repulse the attack-  'ingforceatthe further side of the enclosure.  A company under Captain Dawson was at  once despatched dowu the ravine with the  intention of entering the fort and cutting  off the* enemy's'retreat.. Sergeant Paton  pointed'out to them the breach he had dis-  coyered, and they climbed up through it.  Before they could enter, however,the garrison saw the dauger which threatened them,  and they boiled en masse tluougli two gates  at the further corner, so escaping.  The murder of   Mr.   Robert Tucker, the  judge of Futtehpore, is one of tho  NARROW ESCAPE FROM DEAT&  i-.' ,    How a Party or Indian* Were, Precipitated  Into a t'li.-i-.m Two Hundred Feet Itecp,  Mr. Charles   B.  Lewis   tells  a   terrible  story   of  the death of, a party of  Ltadians  who once  attacked, a white man's camp.  The whites had gone up into the mountains  to  bridge  over a chasm.    It was 'a dark,  yawning hole, 30 feet wide and  nearly 200  deep.    They felled a large tree and  placed  li across to  form  the first   timber of ,the  bridgel ;i During the night which - followed  heir sentinel fell asleep, and the whole   of  tbe party were  aroused by  'i terrible cry!  Ic  was a death shriek���������a chorus uf death  shrieks.    Every man knew that the   voices  were   human before he  had  cast aside his  blankets���������not only the voices of human beings,   but of Indians.    The   full moon had  come up at midnight, and now ihrew Buch  a light upon the two camps that one  could ,  see almost as well as at high moou.  On the  stick of   timber  bridging the chasm were  six Indians in war paint.    They   had  murdered three  of  the whites on the further ,  side of the chasm and then   commenced   to  crosa.    They  had  uot  attempted to walk ������������������  over,   but,' sitting   astride' the   beam had  hitched   themselves  along by   the   use  of  their hands.    They-were close together,and  tho one nearest was not ten feet  from   the '  bank.    There had  come just,, lhat chorus  of shrieks, and not another sound. .��������� .  As we stood thero (says the narratorjand  looked upon the Indians they gazed upon  us in return, and not a word was spoken.  For a long minute wo failed u. make out  what had happened. Each Indian had his  .rifle slung'to his back, and the one nearest  us had a bloody knife in his mouth, his  teeth holding it 03 the hilt  "It's tlio timber I" whispered one ot tho  men at last.    "See���������it'B sliding down and ���������  turning over I"  It  was the   first movement  of the  stiok   '  which had brought tho shrieks.    Although  ,  the savages iiad ceased to move, the end of  the long beam' was slowly but surely slip- .  ping o f the shelf.    Wo could have checked  it in an instant, but no man moved.   Those  death shrieks   had not alarmed the three ,-  soldierB across the chasm.    We knew what .  that signified.    The .end of the timber had  twelvo   inches   10-go   before, it dropped,  clear. ,  By and by it reached the edge, stopped  there  while  you  could  count  thirty  and ,  then dropped  down and  rolled  over twice  before it rested again.    There was no moro  shrieking. - The' Indians  either  lot go ,or  ,  were jostled oil by tho shock, and wo beard  their bodies  strike with terrible sound below.    Not a cry, uot a groau sounded from  that terrible pit. Ashamed of that first cry ,  they' went  to ��������� their  deaths  as a warrior  prides himsolf on going. , ' ,        '  MOST    DRAMATIC  IKCIDKNTS  -Cult! up;  Would the Emperor, Resign?  principles of force, hoat' and light, will,  when properly regulated, yield a substance  which will do away with stoves aud heavy  underclothing. A small pieco of helium  carried in the pocket, for instance, might  in this manner keep 11 man warm iu tho  coldest temperature, while upon the oilier  i.ui.d a pircu of argon might, be curried by  11 (.* traveller in Africa, making him fool  i'ooI and pleasant with the thermometer at  173 in tha shade.  A III.-IJU.M MAN-OI'-W Alt.  No man can he suffocated ulio has a  ;piccc of argon about, him, and upon tlio  oilier hand a bit of holium may bo a protection -better than any gun or armor,  allcrding both I lie means ol oU'eneo nnd o!  flight.: (Juinpuii.-il tu liulltun, iiUiiiiiiuiiin,  which Iiiih lociuiily bud such a boom,''.'may''  not. I:u'.in. it foi*; iit>bi ihish and strength.  Bo;iig 1.. niiiioioipni.liKM, lieliiiin may iiiakt  a hit."il'"iiii'li"-nil not milv Il"iii' on 'witcr.  Upon   hih accession   to  the throue,   the  Emperor of ltiissia was  appointed colonel*  Improving Pastures.  There are pastures that have never produced as profitable crops as the tree3 on  them. To get anything out of these pastures to-day you have to send cattle scurrying over a largo urea to get what they  shoul i get on bjx or eight acres. The result is the cow works herself to death and  works the butter out of her cream aud the  crcam'out of her milk.  A cow should never take any more exercise than i-j absolutely necessary for her  health, because exercise costs money, costs  ood, costs milk, and costs butter. A cow  that has to scurry over a 'large area to get  fooJ will not begin to give as much milk  in one which can get itou u small area and  lie down and chew her cud and rest.  Kow, the question h wliat to do with  these pastures. You can not fertilize them  with manure, because that disgusts the  cow.' Consequently what is known as  grass dressing, prepared by fertilizer com  in-chiof of the Uoyal Scots Greys.    WhiUt   pamen, is a good thing.    In  these pastures  dressing for dinner, nn enthusiastic sutrnl*  tern c'liiimimic.ited the information to his  aoldiei'-servunt.  Donald, he said, have you heard that  the new Emperor of llussia has been appointed colonel of the regiment?  Indeed, sir ! replied Don.iid. It is a  vera pi ood thing.  Theii afir*r a pause, he required :  ISeg pardon, sir, .but will he be able to  keep both places?  Not Entirely Certain.  You see, 1 cinno bright .ui.l early this  iivuiiing, Miss Pinkie, nmiliugiy observed  Oliolley, laying his cane nnd 'gloves on tiie  uuntii; table.       ������������������''.,. ..'���������',  Vuu, 1. see y ni ciiin'ii cariy,, Mr..'Light*  pair, guardedly repliell Mi.-'i I'inklc.  '  I you have failed to renaw the   value taken  I from  tliein by grazing,       You  have  kept  i them from i-eedmc.    They need resceding.  Thev need also to be broken under, plowed  and" li-iriowed.       The   ordinary  slauting*  toothed harrow is a good thing to use.  In a.-t early spring as you cm possibly get.  on to it go over this pus lure with u slanting-toothed harrow nml give it a good mix*  luie, as much as possible, a mixture of .June  graau and while clover.    It is* an excellent  combination;   if you   choose,  a  little icd  clover.    Then   follow with  your dressing,  and, if you can, give   il a dressing  of land  I plaster, which is a good thing,  j     In future handling of the ptusturo that is  'run down divide it.'   Cattle tread down at,  I lust A 'three or' fou.* r.imes as much' as they  I cro'p.    Siy,   t������h'*- a'pisturii of forty  a'cr'eu  ami  divide it  into, three  parts.    Tl'ut  the  co'.vs into the third thi** wejk,the next third  IIoiv They Are   Trained   Abroad  ,11 Hear'*.   Toe' Nails.  Leoui Clarke, who has just finished an  engagement at the Empire at Birmingham,  has to carry round the country, with him  quite a menagerie of cats and rats and birds  und mice. Although, thirty cats are sufficient for his entertainment, he'has sixty or  moro with him, for cats aro very skittish  creatures,' and when they take the whim  into their heads it is useless to take them  on the stage.  Mr. Clarke ,,has trained all sorts of  animals, from lions downward, and he says  the most difficult of them all is the cat,  He litis to treat her with , extraordinary  care. A dog is sensible, a monkey aecom*  modating, and a rat either forgives or forgets���������but a cat ! . Sho is a hopeless bundle  of sensibilities. Strike her once, if only by  accident, aud sho will imver perform again.  Kindness is not only politic,it, is absolutely  necessary, in the training or" oats. When  Mr. Clarko enters the stablo the mewing is  prodigious, ard he is instantly .buried in a  moving mantle of cats. It took him four  years 1,0 train some of his animals before  he could put them upon the stage. Tho  parachute eat, which climbs up a rope to  the roof of the theatre and flics down hy  parachute, is the second which has done tbe  trick.  Another good story is that, of the Polar  bear whose toenails were cut by Mr Hagon-  beck. " I expect," lie says, "I am pretty,  well the only man iu tho world who uver  performed such'an operation. Tho bear's  nail had grown into his feet, and he was iu  great pain. We had vainly tried to get.  hold of the feet through the bars of the  cage, to cut the riiulj. At last I got him  into 11 narrow cage with an iron barred  front, and turned it so thai the animal  -stood on the bars. I went underneath with  a shurn pair of pincers, and managed to  pull tho nails out. Then wo gave him a  footbath to cool the wounds, and m a day  or two he was all right."  f  the mutiny.    He   was a* missionary as  well as   a civil servant,  and so arose his  misplaced confidence in   the  natives   who  attended his services.    When the disturbance broke out ������t Futtehpore,  'Mr. Tucker  despatched all the European population to  Allahabad   under cover, of the uight, but  remained behind   himself.    At   noon   the  following day   he sent' for   the, chief  of  police, llikinut Ollah Khan, saying that ho  wished to see him and bis   loyal  police to  make arrangements for the defeuco of tho  treasury aud other Government property.  He had trusted the chief of police because  he had been  one of  the   most   regular attendants at his religious services, dlikmut,  however, had joined the malcontents.    Ho  sent back word saying that the government!  of the English was'now  ai an  end and ho  would take charge  of the treasury for the  Badshah of Delhi, and further that it  was  his iutemion in   the evening to  come and  seize the  person of   the   judgo  and   take  possession of his quarters.  It was too -late now for  Mr.  Tucker to ,  secure his relront, as the rest of the European residents   had  done, so' ho   at onco  set  about preparing for   the   worst." He  collected rilies, fowling pieces,   and  every  weapon 'which  ho   could   find.    He   had  many of thom, because in liis younger days,  the judge bad been an enthusiastic  spurts-  man.   He loaded every gun, barricaded tho  doors   and windows, and calmly awaited  tho   arrival   of  his   enemies.     At   sunset  they came, ihe treacherous Chief of Polico  at tlieir head.    They called on him to  surrender, and ottered to spare   liis  life if  ho  would renounce his religion and turn   Mohammedan.    He refused and was   proceeding to address the polico, when they opened  fire  upon   him.    This   was what he   had  expected, aud he replied  with   such   ellcct  that my teen of the natives were killed, and  many moro wounded,   before  the doors of  his-bouse   were forced open, and   bo met  his death at the hands of the angry rabble.  The Literary Revulsion.  Miss Ileirtcr���������I am tired and sick of  Ibsen and Tolstoi,and all the other writers  of stories with morals, Have you anything  new '!  Bookseller���������Hero madamc, is one of tho  most popular novels of tho day���������just started in ils twentieth edition.  Is there any moral to it, ?  I'll guarantee, madamc, that, you won't  find the least suggestion of morals from  beginning to end.  It was perhaps ordained by Providenon,  to hinder, us from .tyrannizing ovjr ono  another; that no iiiiiividual'Mhould be of so  much importance as to yause, by his retirement., or death,, aiiy ciiasinin  the world. .  Jo'nutsou.  Telegraphing' Under Dlflleultles.  One of the most elevated telegraph linus  n tho world is that reported   from   India,  On the GTilgit lines two passes havo   to be  crossed,    one   II,COO   feel   high,   and   the  other  l:i,.r>00.    Tlio snow   often  lies  at  a  depth of from leu to eighteen feet, and the  polos need are thirty   foot long.    Yet   this  iieccfs iry length is a danger,   as  it   moans  more leverage iu a gale, and if struts  and  braces aro put up tlmy atlord a chance for  the snow to accumulate and   bring greater  proiisurc to bear.    Strong deodar polos ate  used, and the telegraph line  consists  of  a  solid homogoneouh steal wire of tho greatest  strength mado.    Ono break was, however,  caused by tho  heavy  snow   11111 lo   wnt__by  moiril'ii'u from a lake not far away,  but in  tho other pass tho snow  is  dry and  slips  from the wire easily. The poles are planted  close together.    Offices of observation   are  close by in each of which   two  Europeans  are stationed, leading a  life in comparison  with which lhat spent at submarine cable  stations is riotous and ciowded.    For many  months the  pusses aro  cut  oil' from   mankind by the snow blockade, but thu empire  iinial be iiiainliiiuod and commerce go 011  Wo the exiles, with their snow-shoes, rations,  and instrumeiitli.hold tho telegraph fort.  A Fair.Proposition.  JtuU;e���������Six months in jail at hard labor.  . V'ii.graut.���������Say, .judge,: can't you   quadruple that time aud remit the labor.  UMBRIA.HAS ANARROW ESCAPE. .  Itiirvly Avoids 11 Collision WltU 1111 KurIUIi ,'  1 Vessel lik .llliloccaii.  The 500 passengers  on tho Cunard Line  steamship Umbria, which left' New   York  on Saturday morning last, had   an  export,  ence Saturday aftornoon that thoy will ever  remeinbei.    The news comes from the ofli-  cerBof the British steamer Monmouthshiro,  which arrived ori Sunday with  a cargo of.  tea from China.    The Monmouthshire"' was  at a point about' 100  miles east  of Sandy  Hook at 3 o'clock on  Saturday  afternoon..'  For hours  she had   been   hove   to   under'  reduced speed, engulfed iu a dense fog aui  blowing her fog horn  at  intervals ot two  minutes.    Suddenly the hoarse sound of a  horn came out  of   the  mist fur away  and.  evidently   on   the   port   bow.    Agaiu   it  sounded, but  Captain  Evans,  who was on  the bridge, could not determine the location  from whence it came, so he steumed ahead.  The   last   blast   had    hardly'  died   away  before    the   huge   outline  of-   a  steamer  loomed up through the 'dense   fog   bank  coining     at     full    speed     and     pointed  straight, at'  the    Moumouthshire's    port ���������  bow.      The    big    stranger   was    not two  ,  .ship's lengths away and the oiniuouB swish  of the water, as tho vessel's prow cleaved  il, reached the captain's car and made his  heart stand still."   In an instant the whistle '  of the Monmouthshire blared   out  tho sig������  nal "Go ahead���������wo  are backiug"  aud at  the same moment   the engines' of the vessel  weroput  full spoed  astern.    As   the  wheel of the   Monmouthshire was thrown  over to .starboard the steamer leaped forward and crossod iho Monmouthshire bow  not 100 feet away.*    As she rushed past ia  the gloom   the oflieers of  the Monmouth-  .shire caught a fleeting glance at a hundred  startled   faces on   the deck   of   the   other  ves el.    The name " Umbria" appeared on  the stern as she vauishod. like a phantom in  the foe.  As the Monmouthshire straightened out  again on her course, her ofiicrs, who had  witnessed wliat came so near Lt'ing a repetition of the Elbe horror, regained their  boiisos. Had Captain Evans not reversed  his engines so quickly his vessel would  havo struck the Umbria a'glanoing blow ���������  amidships on the'port side. It would,,  havo been almost impossible for the Monmouthshire, iu the fog, to havo assisted to  any extent. There were '250 cabin passengers on the Umbria.  Thought the Balloon the Devil.  Suporstition is still very strong in some  parts of Germany. A few days ago a baU  loon, sent up by lho army balloon battalion  near D.intzie, aud iu which two aeronauts  of that corps' wero studying atmospheric  conditions at an altitude of (1,000 foet,  happened to piiBS the district of Tuchol,  inhabited by people of the aboriginal Slav  race. They took the balloon���������a thing never  seen before���������to be the S/.iiuk (or devil) and  followed it for miles, intending: to elay it  whciover it should happen to alight. Fortunately fur the aeronauts thoy pissed the  region safely and the bullets tired at their  balloon did not reach it. Otherwise they  would have fared badly.  Post-Ofllce Department.  According to the report of the Post-Ofiico  Deptrtniuut, the post-office handled 107,-  M.'i.OOO letterf,'2.'!, 195,0ri0 post-cards, aud  '2'2,',\r)'.l,{)Q0 newspapers lust year. There  wero I,(W0,������.).'< uend letters and 3,237,'200  registered letters. Toronto's post-otiice  biiHin'Hn is still the iargeat of any city in  tlio Dominion . There wero delivered 19,-  !)<M,-IG9 lettrr.s, post.cards, and papers in  Toronto during the year, whereas iu Montreal, which comes next, the delivery was  ll,.->7*2,*2'2-l.  A Closo Father  She���������You must ask father for   hi" consent., ,- '.'���������..  He���������Ho won't give it to ine.   ;       7  . She���������Why. not'; .���������..���������*..  He���������IJo'h too close.    H6 never gave anything I o anybody iu his lifo. PAGE 4.  THE KOOTENAY MAIL.  LOCAL ITEMS.  Ladies' splendid fitting Duck Suits  for $3, at Cuursier's.  Geo. L:iforme arrived from Big Bond  with liis cayusti train this morning.  Th. Toison returned from England  on Thursday, and took the steamer for  Nelson.  R. T. Lowcry flitted through town  Thursday on his way to, the home of  The Ledge.  TMr. J. B. Gordon, of Vietoria.return-  ed from the South on Thursday, - and  '     left for Golden next morning.  Mr. B. Heathcote.employed inabauk  at Nelson, went South on" the Lytton  Thursday, accompanied by his bride.  Mr. J. T. Wilkinson, who is on' the  wing for the TFoWfZ.ItiftforlheSoutheui  milling camps on Monday evening.  The .semi-annual public school closing  examination will take place at the  school house* next Friday the 2Sth.  Conductor Snider's lecture on "Wednesday evening, June 20th, at 8 o'clock,  at the Melhodi&t church.  ��������� J. W. Way is in from Jrout Lake,  lie does not "get on much in prospecting  because there is so much snow still on  the mountains. ,  ' ' Fred. Cockburn wont south Thursday, and will look into the business  situation in lower Kootenay, in behalf  of R. G. Dunn & Co.  1 A surveying party, of which J. K.  McGregor, P.TL.S., had charge,0 went  into South Kootenay on the steamer  last Monday.  Post Oflice Inspector Fletcher arrived  from Kossland.on the Lytton, and took  the train for the west on Friday evening-   , ' _  Somebody is sending circulars in the  mail entitled,'"How to save Money,"  t    "Good  paying Investment," "Better  than a Bank."  Messrs. Bourne Bros, disphiyed the  Union Jack from their flagstaff on June  .20, which was the anniversary of Coronation Day. '   ,  Pay taxes to the'governiuent on or  before the 30th of June and thus save  the penalty which will he added after  .that time.  It  is   expected   that   Rev.    James  Turner, now of Clinton,B.C.1,will spend  ' a couple of week's holidays   here   this  .summer. '  Service will be held at the Presbyterian Church to-morrow afternoon at  3 p.m.' by Mr. Guthrie Perry. Sunday  school at 2 p.m.      . ���������  Church of England services'1 will he  held by Rev.'F. Yolland, at the school  house to-morrow, Sunday, at^'ll a.m.  iind 7:30 p.m.  Messrs. G. D. Scott and E. H. Heaps,  of "Vancouver,   went   down   the' river  i   Thursday evening. ' They have mining  interests' in the Lardeau district.  Itev. J. A. Wood left on Monday for  Southern'Kootenay, to overlook the  work of the Methodist church in Kamloops District.of which he is the Chairman. ' '    I    o  Messrs. W. H. Pegram and J. O.  ^xrahaine returned from their excursion  * into   Southern ^Kootenay,   Thursday,  aiid took the train   to   kamloops   the  same evening.  3      Engine   152   has   been   replaced   as  switch engine, by engine 153 which ar-  . rived from Vancouver last week;. The  former will'go  to   Vancouver   for   re-  , pairs.  Rev. G. A.Love will hold the services  in the Methodist church to-morrow,  Sunday, in'the absence of the regular  minister. Mr. Love is'on the way, from  lied Deer to' New Denver, having been  appointed to this station. ���������  ���������  Govt. Agent Graham has gone into  the Lardeau this week, starting Wed-'  nesday iuornin'g. He will visit Fish  ���������Creek, Haley Creek, and will overlook  the trails,' as well as the wagon road  from Thomson's to Trout Lake before  returning.  Mi*. R. Howson has had the roof of  his dwelling house raised to the level  of the adjoining warehouse. The  extra space will   be   used   as   a   store  .house. The ground-floor of his present  warehouse will' be used' as a showroom. ,       '       '  The. annual school, meet ing for Revelstoke school district will be held at the  school* house on Saturday morning,  July 29th, at 11 a.m.,   for the   election  of a trustee to take the place of Mr. C.  II.   Temple, *   whose    term    of    office  -expires.  The Birthday Party on Monday  evening, in Peterson's Uall, will include  xi programme of music and other items [  of interest.   A collection of useful and I  CORVEE OZETIE-      COn^HE ALL.  THE BIRTHDAY PARTY  ���������AND���������  Sale of Work  -IN-  PETERSON'S HALL, MONDAY, 24th JUNE.  ��������� ��������� + ��������� + ������������������-������������������ +  o  Sale commences at 3 o'clock p.m.  Birthday Party in  the  evening.  OOUVCIE OILSnE-      OOIMIIE ALL.  Just opened up, at Coursier's, new  lines of ladies' Blouses, Wrappers,  Chemisetts, Duck Suits and children's  summer dresses. '.  i  Bar Silver was 60 5-8 cents per,ounce  in New York on Thursday, June 20.  It has not varied more than one-half  cent since our last quotation.  Frank* Hilton and E. R. Herrick left  to-day for Gold Stieam. Mr. Herrick  has taken iip a ranch nl the mouth of  McCulloch Creek, "and near the new  bridge. He will get his gold dust by  raising garden truck for the Big  Bendeis, and it should pay him well.  The' Birthday Party and Sale of,  Work, for the Presbyterian Ladies'  Aid,takes place next Monday afternoon  and eveniilg. Those who have not had  sent to them a ������������������ return envelope, iu  which to enclose the money representing theii age, tire doubtless those who  reside in Revelstoke, aud are sure to he  there in person."  The steamer Lytton brought up, on  Sunday, GO tons of Pilot Bay. bullion,  and on Thursday *10 tons. The Kootenai also had 40 tons in her cargo on  Thursday, making 140 tons for the  week. For return cargo the Kootenai  had two-carloads of powder for the  Kaslo and  Slocan  railway,   consigned  ������art to Kaslo and part to Three Forks.  he also took 100 cases of dy.ianiite for  Trail Creek.  Mr. T. M. Martin,' of San , Francisco,,,  was a passengei on the Lytton- Thursday evening for Nelson. 1'he company  for which he is acting has taken the  contract, from Sir Joseph Trutch, for  erecting an aerial tramway from the  Silver King mine to Nelson, which  must be completed in three months.  ���������The system is that of the Halliday  patent, an entirely new thing in BriLii-.li  Columbia, which is operated on.'the  endless chain principle. '  A very sad occurrence was the death  of Mrs. F. K. Matlaw, which happened  last'Mond.-'iy morning" at the Senate  Hotel, where the deceased had been  employed as cook' for' some months  past. The circumstances surrounding  the case were such that the ' attending  physician, Di. McLean, wishing an  inquest, telegraphed coroner G. IS.  Manuel, of Donald, who arrived, Monday 'afternoon. A poist mortem, was  held by Dr. McLean Monday night.and  as a result of liis examination tiie jury  returncd* a verdict of death from' hemorrhage., Deceased leaves two children  ���������both boys���������who are. heing cared for  hy sympathetic friends until such time  as their relatives���������if any���������can be communicated with.  ROSSLAND  NOTES.    i,  Thomas Harry, onu of the employees of the  Kelson Sawmill Co.,while niljustiiiKtlie driving  belt, became entangled in it and sustained it  compound fracture of the leg. , Up to the  present he is doing well.  The pay vein has been struck on the Itobcrt  K. Lee. At the time of writing the vein is  about two feet in wiiltli. Thee highest assay is  "sixty-seven dollars and eighty eonts,the average  being over thirty dollars.  The Kootenay Tip-Top and Northern Star are  blo.ssomiiiglike a ro*.e. On the Kootenay the  ledge has been uncovered for a width of "forty  feet and assays well. The North Star is perhaps the pick of the combination.  A wagon road is to be built from Columbia  Mountain to Kossland. '  John Swift has brought in from liis claim, the  Musti Hie, some samples of ore which appear  to contain nickel. Assays will be made' to;  morrow. Ah nickel i*, known to exist in this  neighborhood, it is likely that Swift's claim  may bo a. valuable one apart from the gold and  silver it contains.  Mike Sullivan and Win. Dunn are now'developing the Hill-Top, which lies adjacent to  the Itobcrt E. Lee.  It, is reported on good authority that a smelter  will bo built at Trail Landing instead of North-  port. Properly in Sir.' Topping's townsite i*.  going up in consequence. '  , JIv. Postmaster StiiHM has *-old the High Ore  to A. H. Itaillon for *53,W(, and an inLeroM in  the capital slock of tin* company, which is being  formed to take over the property.  ' Mr. Koltc, of the Nelson Sawmill Co'.', is in  town. He expect-* to commence the installation  of the electrie light, plant at an early date.  Mr. Farwcl), civil engineer, is in ItoRsland  and will survey several claims during the  suni'mer. ,  The telephone system is now nearly complete.  Fred. Algiers brought in some fine specimens  from the Puzzle today. The oie contains about,  thirty per cent, of uinlacliile.  Tho private boxes for t he post ollicc havo at,  last arrived. They had laid for weeks at the  depot at Vancouver.  Kossland, H.U., 'June 12.  ff-r  Dominion "Day.  juc  iv  ornamental articles vvill ho offered for  sale (luring the afternoon, from'3 p.m.  jAiul through the,evening.  1 His Honor Judge W.ilkem, went i of .Slocan and thi  down to Nelson on Monday's steamer, j Arrow T^ike to  ta hold the assize court there on Wednesday, June 19th. The Judge's mining  experience in addition to his eminent  judicial qualifications are appreciated  the miners when questions relating  to mining law are before the court.  Mr. l'\ G. Christie, foimerly Revelstoke Agent of the steamers, aud more  recently interested in the Cinnabar  mines, near Savona,is Lakingasummer  outing at Shuswap Lake with Dr.  Kdgnr.of Kamloops. They have a tent,  guns and fishing tackle with every  other appurtenance of a pleasant time.  Tlie .Methodist, Sunday School Picnic  ���������will he held on Dominion Day,July 1st,  Mr. G. A. Bigelow, secretary of the  Dominion Day Celebration Committee,  at Nelson, wires to Mr. F. 13. Wells,  that "Nelson celebrates Dominion  Day. One thousand dollars in pii/.es.  One hundred and fifty dollars, for ba.se  hall., Revelstoke citizens invited with  her best athletes and base hall team."  "We are informed that several of our  citizens and athletes will accept the  invitation.  The Revelstoke Gun Club have' accepted the invitation of the Golden  Club to-attend their celebration, and  take part,in the shoot arranged for  there on July 2.  Nakusp will have a grand celebration  of   Dominion   TDay,   and     a     general  invitation is given out to   the   miners  loyal   ranchfis   of  come   and   join   them,  J and win some of their priaes.  i     The Fourth of July is to be celebrated  ' at   Capt,   Sanderson's   Springs,     now  j called the Halcyon Hot Springs,   by  a  ��������� complimentary dance.    The   steamers  j will run al convenient time*  ! coming and departing guests,  I      With all these attractions  j Rev.elstoke people a way, and  I arranged for, of sport, to  int.  I entertain them at home, thos*  'Rev. F. Yolland, Mrs. Yolland and  Miss Cao, composing the family of Mr.  Yolland,' have removed from, Ashcroft  to Revelstoke for the summer months,  and will occupy the furnished residence  of Mr: llaig. *  Dan McHac returned from his trip  into the Slocan, and left yesterday fqr  Big Bend. He found I hat four' letters  had heen written to him from' Three  Forks since March 1*1. but not one., of  them had reached him.  W. A. JOWETT, ;,;���������;  MINING AND REAL ESTATE BROKER.  NELSON, B.C.  Lardeau & Slocan Prospects Wanted.  + HALYCOM SPRINGS HOTEL "'���������'  Arrow   Lake.  tS'now open at. thee Celebrated 'Hot  Springs for rhe aeeoinmodalion of quests.  Rates $1.50 to $2.50 a day. Baths 25 cents  each or five for $1. Special rates to families  or by the inonih can be arranged.  Dawson, Craddoric* & Co.  TZK^AJVCIIsrO-.,  AXYONK WANTING WORK done  by team   will  have  it promptly  I attended to by leavin.  , the (Stockholm House  g their  orders at  .JOHN SANDS.  CAUTION  All person17, are hereby  warned .against   buying either of two notes  against    me���������One   for-  $\(/i  and   tlio  oilier  for SVl-jjiven by ine to  Uoliert Ocli*-n. r. brewer,  Vernon.1 JJ.O., a������. they  were obtained from me by fraudulent, ivpre-cn  ution-. uGonurc noumcK^  .   Trout Luke City, .bine 18th, lSU.i.  i Tenders for a License to Cut Timber  '     on Dominion Lands, in the Province  of British Columbia.  ji:.\li-;i* ti*:n"i>ki:*iuI'I*  mers  THE PLACE TO BUY  Groceries,  Provisions,  HARDWARE, STOVES  AND   ' ,  E  IS AT  GENERAL  ^IETVIEXjSTOIKZK!.  IB_C:  ILEEB   &  ELLS,  POST-OFFICE  STORE.  Gents" Furnishings,  Stationery,  Patent  And TOILET ARTICLES of every description.  Specialty  IJ   v.tfncd, nnd io.i'-l:.*i| on  I'or   lioth  on the   ground.*-!   in   the  rear   of  church, which will lie cleared  and  proved    for   the     occasion.      A  in\ itat ion to all lo attend   nt  jiccoiiipanied with their lunch  Im-cc Lemonade.    Lunch .-it. J2  the  im-  fice  11 a.m., j  baskets, i  ���������At) p.m.    !  Mr. Ci. Manuel, of DonuM, who is the .  oldest coroner in Kooten.-ty���������his com-|  mission d.-iting hack to 1885��������� was' a |  inu-si-iiKcr on the Lytton Thiir-.sdiiy. He i  in-going down tlu: river for a mouth or  more to rccujier.-if e, as he Iiua not iieet] j  /enjoying the ln*hi of health lately, I  which is due lo too close application to ���������  lui.siiiess. |  Tom TR-iin left on Thursday for '  ('iirue's Creek, and will hegin develop- j  mont work with a K;,ng of'men on the '  Ilosehorry, which' i.s one of the claim.s i  located theie liy a local Hyndicate,''  c impo ed of Mc'hhi*������. Temple, Kellie, :  ' HrewfKfci and others, it is arscnii ai  gold line, a f-trong vein, aiid assays!*'  /iboui, $47 t.o the ton.  Messrs. Fri by and Riley, brought   in  ���������ibii,.l $71.0 Worth of I'i is last Salurday ,  fi (un t heir trapping   c .'nip   in   .Ionian ^  P.'j.-k.   Tlnty ui*iv> Iroigl.l hy one of our  local nii'i-chant-s al a miiii   which' ni.'ide  good pay IVir.l heir winti i;'s work. They'  Hid quite as well,  if   not   even    liellei'-j  tlmiT thi'Y ii'i'iiild ha\e done if tJiey had j  hliipi'Ctl im I'luAir iiivii account.      ' j  not go n broad,nnrattend the  Monday .School picnic, arc  have a very dull time.  fo   draw  nothing  ���������re-ir, ;uid  who  do  Methodist  likelv   to  Awarded  Highest Honors���������"VVorh-T*   Fair  i*s~.*r| to fie tinricr-  ._       _���������-..   ..     ... tll'J ellWMiJ|'i-"'l'c'ri-  I dci* fur Tiiuljcr li' rlli Vn. I fl,' ,,, l���������- i>j, .*, (| ,m  ', the ".Ui day nf Auir.i-l. V-'.r,. -Mi) 1,<-r" ' i\(*i| at  ! tin- Jii*[iiirlim lit until noun i,n Mniifl.iv, t.lic  { At li '!������> i/f A IKH-.I iievi.fiii-a li. eij,i tin ni tiinhcr  ; on ISertli Nn. rill. "iiii|iri->in.' tie; Noitli-wcHt  l fiimrlei-uf-teetiiiii HI. the N*oril|.,.,i-( f|ii.iit*:r of  , Heilion 17, .mil tin- .-ioti|ii-ui".i (|ii.Lrl<*r of  | .Suction 'Jl. To\t.ii-irii[i ."J. II.-iiiki' IJ; lie- whole <;f  j <-:���������������<-!r<in '.'.������. '1'owti-ii.ii i.i,  I'.iii^'*   II;  ai.fl   tho  , N'oi ill--.*. e-L f|ll.u t<*|- of J-'Oi'Iloll '.'tl, Ihe South-  j  ii-e-t i|l'.irtJ I* of ,-'i-i lion ������1. mul   the   H-.uth-eiixt  * <|u.irLer uf i-ii I'tion .'Hi. Ti)������-ij������hiji L'.'i,   lTnns<e   10,  j 111!   \V. si   of the l',(ll  JlillUI  -M< I Uii,III, I ON|..inINK  , nn tin ji of 1,1/ci ,e ������������������( ^, more or l.*..i ��������� ���������  ; Tht; ic^iil iflon- nrirh r wiih li ;i lir ��������� n -'- v III he  I j^-tied may he o)ii.iiiii-rl .lI lln-I). [,.irt iu>-tit or  ! al theolliee (,f tlie Clown'J'iinhf r Ai^i nl.,it Now  ��������� Vv'i'-liinn-i.T.  ' V*u:h (endi-i- iiiii-L '',<: ,u i oin|,;inieil l,j- un  .vruptwl i:ti'*(|\,i- on ii cliiotcrnl Jtirik in f.ivonr  ] (if the Mlnlif r of tin* Interior, for the .viiioiitiC  I of tho Ix>nu*( which tlie applii.int i- ijii-Jlli-uI u������  i pay for a licon-*;.  I JOUN It  Jf.U.J.. __  .*-;���������' iu i \nv.���������  Trail Creek Mines.  GILBERT W. A. RANKEN,  Mining Broker and I Columbia Avenue,  Rinancial Agent,    |     Rossland, B.C.  Iteil Moinitiiin properties foi* sale in tlui vicinity of War I'.iiKh- and he Itoi mines. I'mpcrtlcs  vinllcd nml ri*|i(iiti;(l on. Work Mipoi'visod.  ItcCordH M'uniheil. Aliitrncls of title procured.  Ai^iiy-. iniide. Intimate' kiinulcdxo of the  Cairip.    A i.i. ('(iiiiiKHi'OMiKNci; S'l'itlCi'i.v Con-  I'lllUNTI.U,.  T.  NOTARY   PUBLIC  n f\ i k% 5  -   REVELSTOKE,  B.C.  Mining and Real Bsta.te Broker and G-eneral Commission Agent.  FIRE, LIFE AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE.'  Dopartinciitof trie Ini  Oti.iw.i.  Mild Jane. I-.Ti  MOST PERFECT  MADE.  A pure Crape Cream of Tartar Powder.   Free  from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant.  40 YEARS THE STANDARD.,  CAN I OIITAIN A PATKMT? For*  prompt nn.iwnr onil nn hononf, ftpinlori, wrlto to  M.VNS ������fc (!<>., who have hiul n������nrl7llft.7 7������iirii'  exporiunco In tho pntflnf, \>\lHln<-,-ir.. CornrmiTilra-  tlonB8trl������tl7oon(li1niitlaI. A. Ifundhookor fn-  forrniit-lon eoncemlnK 1'ii.li'iitii nnd'how to oti.  tain thom soTit freo. At������H n cntalOKiia or inijohn.ii-  Icnl and Hclcnt.lflo hooloi jiont. fro������.  J'ntontH t.nkon throiiKh .Mimn fc Co. riwlvn  nfrnclnl notlcoln t.ho SeienllNe A merlcun. ,inil  ttum nro brought, wlilnly hofoni tho putilldv/ltli-.  out'nOHf. to llio,Inventor, 'I'lila HiilctvIM pnii'er  IfHiieil weekly. nleKiintly lltii.4l,riil'iii, Iiim hy tin- r.lio  IiiritO-it. ilirculM.lon ot liny HeUsrittllo work In tho  world, S.'S iiyenr. Kiimpli;��������� conh iK������nt. 1'iee.  Iliilldlnrr K'Htlon, monthly, ������'.>M)|;i your,   SIiikK  . cnnlns, M.p ':ont������. Kvory nimiliiir coiitulnn iicnu.  tllul pliitoD, In oolor.i, nnd photouriiphn of new  lioufliM. with phum. emihliiiK liullilum to nhow tli������  , latum, (JohIcim ntid doviiro contractu.   Aitdri-^^  MUWN & CO.. NUW, VOKK, .'HU IMiv/.uw * 1 "  THK  BEST AND CHEAPESTBOUTE  TO   AVI)   KUOM  All Eastern Points.  ��������� 'r'hr(iiiKh''Kirnt(:iii!iHSl������i..iiiii({OHrii������nilToiirlBt-*  HIcipiiiK ('it.r.1 to Ht., I'niil, .VlontTOaliiiid Toronto  without. chunKc' .'     ,  REVELSTOKE TIME TA9UE.  Representative of the Kootenay Smelting & Trading- Syndicate.   :o:   A(JKNT FOlt TROUT LAKE CITY, EVANSPORT, KASLO & NAKUSP  It  GASH  S STILL. IN IT."  Athtiit.ii. Kxprdwti iirrivos  ���������'I'liuiltn.-*"     "   ���������   '������������������:"���������;.  !i:tfl'ilnllj'.  \I\:V>   "   '  Foi-' full  npply. lo  ci KO.'Mul  iiiforin.'ition n-t Lo  nilt'S. tlnio. etc,  l.'T.   i;i'(;vvs|i-r,  i      A gout., lU'velstoko.  ..���������.liltOWN.  Histi'iot 1'aH.ieiiKer A^ent.  Vaiicoiivcr, 1)7 C.  FOR PRICES ON  POTATOES AND HAY BY  OR OTHERWISE AND BE GONVINCED.  S  He Also Handles  GENERAL GROCERIES -MINERS SUPPLIES  ^V^And Other Articles too Numerous to Mention^  KPWKfflrW  A -Iff trtvi" ^j&H,'3j3!4'i5te������.'!Kf '&V- *.AAJftFfHa3i������'

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