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Kootenay Mail Jul 13, 1895

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Array FOK  MEN���������  ' finest C'ashmero Sjcks '.- (I Ol  Extra, ho.ivy wool do 0 .VI  llc-sl  quality   Slic1l.mil   wool  Underwear, per -nil i i".  Kinest, n.tl. wool   "        i (Kl  Itr.vccs, iter pair, llflc. and tflc.  -:o:  The English Trading Co.  C. E.  SHAW,  Customs Broker,  REVELSTOKE  Vol. 2.���������No. 14.  REVELSTOKE, WEST KOOTENAY, B.C., JULY  13, 1S9;  $2.00 a "iear.  e?:e3cx:e* xj& ���������sktoxjxs.  ft  ������1 ~  Lv's <UgV,s H ids  J-icainoratv.  ?6 . V"  k    I  fl.iS**'.    Fiv.'vJu'  HELENA, MO:iT.  v.r.fi.i'kii i...'i*"ai!"ik.  ./ 200-212 Flrsi: Avenue North,  branches:  CHICAGO, ILL,       VIC10FJA, B.C.  l'' !:-h;.-in'St.    ' ' 'j; I si. ;ky St.  WINNIPEG, MAN.  '      ITS 1'iii.ass DI.-  The Confederation  ' Life Association-Toronto.  Capital and Assets Over  $6,000,000.  CONDITIONS  Before insuring', you should-see the  JNIodki. Policy Contract  issued bv the,;ib6ve  ���������(company.   ,  Insurance at Risk Over  '*   '    $26,000,000"  NO  RESTRICTIONS  Full particulars o,n application to Agents :  T. L. HAIG-, '      '   '  -���������Went   for JJevelstoke. ' *      General  J. D. BREEZE,   '  Audit foi" 15.CX   Vaiici'i'mer.  iM  * t  vv  VV  g*v      8  WHOLESALE  -.WINES, ���������'LIQUORS- AND CIGARS  iR-iE "V" is l s s:r o :k: ie  _B _ G  The Dining Room is fiipnisM with the host the  Market affords,  THE BAR IS SUPPLIED WITH THE CHOICEST  WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.'     ' ���������  ABKAHAMSON JiUOfci.. Phoi'kii.toks.  First-class Table  Telephone  ���������   Good Beds   ���������   Fire-proof  ..���������, 'Bus Meets all rri~   '  Safe  ZRiE"V":ffiLSi7o:K::EL  A ������ dii.il.*3.  THE   0  wzm.   pesna  __ Boom  ABUAHAMSON  it  itui*i:t!:ui!ij-.  Everything new and Firsl=c!ass in all Respects.  Tiis Housa is stocked with tlio Finest Wine;  oa anil Uigars ui  "T"  3T  tin M:ii-ket  ZB.C.  ��������� Mining-& Real Estate Broker   M'ONF-Y TO   LOAN  'S  Ppomotep.  EEYELSTOSZE,   B_0.  ������*^"T���������'"WOW  ?s<arvnT=3K=.i  A.  f\  3     3  (iK KWAIS'SKA   A Ni*  WIG AX.  5     A  Kootenay Lodge  No. 15 A.F. & A.M.  The'regular meeting  arc held in tlie >!������*���������  month   at   8   p.  m.  Visiting;   brethren  cordially welcomed.  \\\ F. CltAGE. SiicitirrAKY.   -  REVELSTOKE LODGE, I. O. O. F., No. 25.  ���������"-������ios 1'ogula.r meetings ore held  jgR&������* in Odilfellows' Hall every  Bt?!SsfcS5Sw',(pJVJ'l>l,rs<la>" '������'������lit nt eight  ^J0^������^SS������^ oYlock.   Visit ins brothers  'V������"-vtA?"?f-35r/*' cordiiilly welcomed.  1!. S. WILSON. X.Ci. O. LKWIS, Si:c.  Loyal Orange Lodge No. 1658.  itcgula'r meetings are held in  the Odd Fellows' Hull every  Wednc-day evening at 7.30  p.m.' Visiting brethren are  cordially invited. ,  I*,. AIU11S. U. MulvAV,  _______   W.M. lice. Secy.  'A. McNEIL,'  BARBER SHOP AND BATH ROOM,  . Front Street, JUevclstoke.    ."  Haircut, 25c;   Bath,.50c; Six Shaving  t=^- Tickets for St.00. ,  , "  GUY  BARBER,  WATCHSIAKER. AND JEWELLER.  Repairing'Neatly & Promptly Executed.  ' REVELSTOKE, B. C.  ,.    ���������      FURNITURE. ,.  Doors, Sashes & Blinds.  r.howson, "  r REVELSTOKE.  COFFINS  CAK111ED'IN  STOCK.  AUK.NT  I'Oll MN'OI'I'.SKWlNU  M ACUIXKS.  , NAVIGATION.  ,  1895  TIME,   SCHEDULE  1885  THE  UI.I) FAVOltlTK STKAMEll  ( , 1  y   ��������� (C.i.jt. liobt. Sanderson) ;   .**''   c  win. iu-.n ui:t\vi:en  REVELSTOKE'   and    NAKUSP  NEWS FROM THE SLOCAN.  Some Good Locations Being- Made on  Springer Creek. -  The Slocak, July 9.���������Springer creek,  at the foot of Sloca.ii Lake, is one of  thc best localities in sight at present,  a iul several good gold strikes have already been made along this stream,the  assays in some, instances being extra-  oidinarily high,, and sample.-- taken  from the surface on the f.'X.L. mini*,  just discovered, were brought in yes-  terday jind rim Jj>103 in gold and 771  oz-!. silver. New Denver is quite excited over these'hew discoveries, and  the opinion'ib* freely expressed that  the Slocan Lake will prove another,  Trail Creek in productiveness.  The Slocan Shit* has begun shipping  ore again. Ma,in Bros, have.six teams  at work hauling the ore, to Throe  Forks.  They are working about 000 men on  the  Kaslo &   Slocan   railway,'   which  they expert to have in   running  order  by September lo. ���������  ��������� j   '    *-        .  Supt. Marpole, of O.P.R.,   has   been  visiting the Slocan district.  Ma mi, Hi os. begun hauling ore from  tho Alamo mine this week. It is'reported a large force of men will be put  to work on this property. , ,  , Two new hotels aie being built at  Sandon. She promises to be a lively  camp this winter with concentrator  and terminus of two railways.  Capt. Fitzstubbs spent a few days iii  camp last week and visited several of  the mines. ' '   ,  Mr. Tomilson, of the Last Chance, is  iu camp and will make his headquarters at the mine. \  A large ledge of zinc was discovered  in' the. MeR'eigan basin last week.     ,  Mr. Bcneolfskey, of Vancouver, ha.-,  taken charge of the dining room of  Hotel Brunswick and will conduct it  as a first-class house.  THE SMELTING BONUS.      '   .  Oiv Friday tlie House of , Commons  went into Committee of the whole on  Mr. Foster's resolution for tlie payment of the sum, not to exceed $150,  000, iu five years to encourage silver-  lead smelting in' Canada, the payment  for each ton of ore smelted not' to  exceed 50 cents. The minister*' ex-  plan.e 1 that it was not proposed'to expend more than'"������30,000 each year as  a bonus unless there was a balance re- |  maining over from tlie pi e\ ions year.  The value of the product,w.-is ������50 to  ������G0 per ton. The silver-lead deposits  in British Columbia are very extensive  and were being worked to some  extent, but the oie was sent to the.  United States to be smelted'. " This re-,  ��������� .. ���������      A   PALATIAL   BOAT  Is What the "Nakusp" Will Be, When  She is Finished.  . Nakusi', July 12.--The const ruction  of the C. \* K. Nav. 'Cii.'s new boat,  Nakusp, has been slightly retarded by  au unl'orseeii accident: It appears  that I,he ������������������'inlrarL for window.-, doOiv.,  ������V:c., was had by t he Hrmn-tle miili at  New Westminster, ami was almost  i completed when ibe'iycenl, fire destroyed lhe whole work. Capt. Troup  started west to-day to make n<*w arrangement;-, for this portion of con-  si i-iiel. ion.  This bout is to be almost   palatial   iu  her appoint incuts.    The cabin   will' be  ,   .   ,      .       ,                   ,.   ,     .    ,                17 feel, in height.    There   will   be   tv. o  tarded the development ot the industry, j ,-K.,,s ()f .,,,.���������;,., 11S ;4ll,i a b.-,lcoi.y.  Tjie  ! "hog post" feat ure, which is somewhat  1 of an eyesore iii large i iver  rrai'l,   will  be eliminated and .its place, supplied by  especially as only certain class of ores  would bear the'expe.nse -of transportation., Tt was piovided in tlie Act  that a smelter must begin .operations  before July 1st, ..next. lion. Mr.  Laurier said that in view of tlio depressed state of the. silver market and  the condition of the Dominion finances  tliis hardly seemed to he the most suitable time to make an oiler of this  kind,'but as the amount was small and  it was an experiment which might be  the means of developing the principal  industry in Jiritish Columbia be would  not oiler any opposition. The resolution was carried unanimously. ,    '   -,  steel stainichions.. This will add not a  little to.the appearance' and economy  of the cabin's interior.  Tiie Captain gladdened several hearts  here yesterday by disbursiiigaboul $:i,:  CXWolHhe "needful."  The Celebrated Albert Canyon.  Prospecting in,New Fields."  Stopping   at    Jj.viti>E.vu,'.- Thomson's  L.vNDixf; and Halcyon" J-Iot  -  'Si'iu.vos during tlie  '    i   Season of 1895.   '���������  Leaving Revalstoke, Wednesday-, and riat.ui-  (l.s.y< at 7^.1 .in. '    '  Leaving Nakusp Monday* ���������mil Thur������il.ijsat  7. ii.m.  ���������The above dates arc Miliject to cluing-*. \*.ilh-  unr. uolUe.  UOBKKT SAN'nKRSO.v:  The Steamer Arrow  a '     LBAVKS  TOWN'WHARF, REVELSTOKE,  -  Wednesdays and   Saturdays, at 9 a.m.  1     '      ,��������� ���������FOIt���������  Hall's Landing. Lardeau, Halcyon and  Leon Hot Springs, Nakusp and  Burton  City.  Columbia & Kootenay J   Steam Navigation Co. W  .    PASSENGERS FOR  Hall's Landing.   '  Hot Sprino-.s.  Nakusp. Three Forks  Nelson. and Slocan Points,  Kootenay Lake Points,  Trail  Creek.   Rossland,  North port and Spokane  ���������SIIOCI.D TAKK TIIK���������  t STEAMER  LYTTON  Leaving J'kvixstoick on JJonday and  Tjil'hmi.vy E\enings at 7 p.m.  Fur local lime eanl of the C<mip.ti)y's- steamer-, on lvoolen.iy Lake iijiply to tlie'imrscron  liennl.  I'm-full iiiiiirin.iti'iii .is to tickets, rate's t'te.,  n;i)>ly lo T. Allan.   Seeretiiry, Nelson,   ll.C.  OCEAN STEAMSHIPS.  ROYAL MAIL LINES.  CHEAPEST route to the OLD COUNTRY.  l'rojiii-wl Sailings from Montrenl.  ALLAN   UNI-:.  Paimman            . .Tnne'2-J  Mon(;iii.iax        . ..Mine ������1  Nl  vim w            . July   li  SMtlllNMN       ..July 13  HOM1NION LINK.  v ���������..\coi,\ ut    ...Imioi!)  OuccaiX     . .Julv   1  M \UII-1KA        ...lulv 11  Laiii: \i.rn:   ...Inly I'll  Analytical Chemist and Assayer,  AC33iimt-p..333*1 V:3"xii-iilo..ssf-all kiniiiof'''liiinarMsi waicr. ni;!!C-c-ic.  Cabin ?J.">, $.'in. SIpIi, JTo. S-^l aiwl ������|i������iinls.  IiitiTiiiedinte f.fi; Steerage SJ(I.  I'.i->i'm.'ir>  liekeK'-l   IhrniiKh   I" nil  liart������ of  (Irenl ISi-iWtin anil Ircliiiul. aiiil nl spc* i<ill>  low  l.Uc- to nl! i.nn.s of the Kiiropc-in coiitin.-nt.  Applj luiu-Aresl .-lu.iiii.shi]iorr<ii)������iiyaKei>l,<o  1.1, B2EWSTER, Agen s, Rovelatoke,  or I.t-.'toiw.*) r  VvWO*.  Gull.   I ;i.sseiif?er Ak������:iiI  '���������'vVliinlperf.   ..'.  : ���������'���������''''.  ,[UY   OUK  COllllKSPONDISNT.l  AUieit Canyon, a.station   on ,the  Q. ]  V.U.. 22  miles.'east,   of   Kevelstoke,   is;  only nol.i'd aL invseiit as a place .where j  the train stops five tniniiti't- lo tfive, the !  passenarei's a cliance   to   mji*   the   wild  chasm, nearly IjOO-feet deep, \mtli sides-|"i -  bein'g solid rook.wln'cii appears to have '  been opened   hy   some   convulsion   of j  nature for the sole purpose of allowing  the Illecillewaet river to boil and surge  onward in   its  turbulent course. " The  O.P.R. has a 'station   here,   plenty   of  side-track for storing the cais of trains  that have to be   divided,   because   the  next 2f miles to the summit has ,a   rise  of loOO feet  and in places an extremely  steep   grade.    It has also   an   engine  house, where is kept a pusher to   help  heavy trains' ovei- the summit.  E. McDonald's 'bridge gang is at  work putting in new outside timbers  on the railway trestle, nearly one-half  mile inlength. It has to he made pai-  ticularly strong, as it is built on a  curve, and it is likely that McDonald  has a job that will last'all summei.  , A good hotel is kept here hy J. H.  Skogstrom, who'has a farm of 1-17  acres, 2,1 being cleared, and nearly all  of this is under cultivation. He has  about 11 acres in meadow, timothy,  clover, wheat and oats, the balance is  vegetables of all kinds. The land i*s a  rich black soil, and the crops are all  flourishing. Any 'one who likes the  flavor of vegetables fresh fiom the.soil,  should take a meal at Skogstrom's.  There is a warm spring of moderate  temperature a few hundred yards from  the hotel towards the mountain, which  is reached by a trail. It is believed .to  have, medicinal qualities conducive to  health, and is much frequented hy  local bathers.  ' The North Fork of the TUccillewaet  river puts in here, and is even larger  than the main river that takes its rise  at Glacier. Tn 1880, what was designed  as a, wagon road was built, for eight  miles up the North Fork, and three  long bridges were thrown across the  rapid s'l ream���������!)(), 120 and l.'tt feet-all  thoroughly consti ucteil as far as the  appropriation would allow. The object  of the road was to reach the famous  Jumbo mine ��������� owned by tJorbin,  Kennedy & (Jo.,and other mines which  would be better accommodated by an  outlet at Albert Canyon than at Illecillewaet,, which would be the case on  all ores produced from claims on the  northerly slope of the divide after  crossing the summit, from the Maple  Leaf and Lanaik mines. It was one of  the special project.** of this firm to  establish a concentrator on the North  Fork. /  A few days ago a large caribou came  to Moose Creek near the tank and  tried to cross, but the watei was rushing too strong, and he turned back into t he bush before the boys could get  their guns. Two hunter.*-, were in here  this spring and got. six bear. A little  later in t he season, .speckled trout are  caught in the Illecillewaet, making  fine sport foi fishermen.  Assessment work is quite generally  done on the best claims iu the Illecillewaet district, and with the advent of  John Crant'and his paily, who are reported as bonding the Maple Leaf, and  others who are working their way  gradually into the di>lricl, there is no  doubt that both Albert Canyon and  ll!ei-ille.\y,if*t will In-come .-u-five and  prosperous mining camps.  . Albert Canyon, Jiily S, 1.S951  Messrs. Frisby and. Heighly,' who  had great, success trapping oil Jordan  Creek last'winte'r and spring, sL-irted  out on Tuesday provided for a trip of  several weeks prospecting in Jordan  Pass, and after passing the mountain  which is perpetually capped with snow  and glaeier.called Mount Jordan,about  twenty'miles distant, they will; turn  westward and'eross the ranges ' in the  direction of Seymour Pass.  . Messrs. Blackmoie and Jackson,who  spent the last trapping1 season on  Canoe river/will start the first of, the  coming week, ^and going westward  about thirty miles, in Eagle Pass,' they  will ascend the North Fork of the  Eagle river.dn a prospecting excursion,  ! and at the. ���������..���������une time perhaps   to  look  r good   trapping   grounds   for. next  I. winter.' *a  Frank Egan has been out for about  80 days in the valley between Mounts  Cartiet- and Mackenzie, prospecting  tiie ground as soon as it is cleared of  snow. He'has found float which appeared to come from the direction of  Mt. Oar tier, but no quartz veins so far.  He killed two fine hl-.ck hears, June  30, and thus provided his camp with  meat. He came in Wednesday for  supplies, and returned the same day,  going down the river about six' miles  to Abr.ihanis'ou's meadows, and from  there ascending the mountain.  The early prospectors among the old  timers in1 British Columbia believe in  what-they term'the gold-belt, crossing  the piovince in an almost direct line  from Wild Horse Creek in East Kootenay, through Big 'Uend, Horse Fly,  Cariboo and on to the Skeena river on  the upper coast. All the best gold-  finds thus far found in the province,  with the exception of Trail Creek,  which was for a long time neglected  on account of the belief of the old-  thneis in this gold-belt, have been discovered along this line. About 200  miles north of Katnloops, where the  gold-belt crosses the North Thompson,  and its extension north-westerly,there  are traditions of gold-placers found by  prospectors, who could not stay long  enough to prove the value of the  ground, because of the short season,  scarcity of provisions, and distance  from the base of supply. They believe'  initatidaie looking forward to the.  lime when they can return with ��������� conditions more favorable, and pick up  the gold they were formerly compelled  to abandon.   ,  -NEWS NOTES.  The town of Cornwall, Oni., had n ?Sltfl0i)  lire lasL Sunii.iy when its anburb of Lornevillu  was rc-iuced lo ashts.'  ,. The wiir indemnity lo lio p.ii.l by Chum to  Japan niiilui* the provisions of the Sliimon-eUi  treaty umunnls to liSS.SUO.OOO   Mexican,, silver  dolllU'h. '  The enlire ea.slurn watershed of the Rocky  Mountains from thoNobraskn and lowaiii.e to  Texiih was hwepl, by slorniK. ' Korty-three lives  were lost so far at known. .The lo.ss in property is placed at u million. u "  Jndfjo Clark, of W'noo,' Te\*., has submitted  an opinion as to Ihe legality of Iho'proposed  ClorhcU-l,1il/.siininon.s jdovo contest, lie concludes: "There is now no hi wupon the .statute  books of Texas preventing pugilistic encounters."  Iloporls obtained by Molson's b-ink on the  condition and prospects of Manitoba crops are(  exceedingly gratify in;*-. 'J'he acreage is much  larger than last; year, when it was larger than  the year before, and the outlook at'-this date  has rarely, if ever, been so good.  Thc deal by which  the Vanderbilt interests-'  get control of thc now-Toroiito.   llamillou  and  Builalo railroad, has'  been   put  through.   According lo the provision!; of (he (leal   the  Canadian Pacitle v ill operate the lino from Toronto  .  to Huflii.li)  as  boon   Ms.   it   U.   completed.   Tlio  Canadian Pacific   will   have   the   privilege  of"  running direct to  lhe   Gland   Central  station  over thc New York Cent'.'al tracks aud will put  'on solid trains from Toronto toXew York  via'  Hamilton.  Tho big I ramp stciuiislun Sli\ithnovis, mulur  charter for a short, time to the Xm-theru Pacitle  hleam.ship line, arrived at Victoria on Sunday  with lhe largest cargo of freight ever brought  across the t'aeilic. Shcib-an immense out nor.  being designed entirely for that work, and  with tea and general merchandise stuHod in  every available corner her cargo totalled (i.SOO  tons lneasuiement. The cargo of the Str.u line is consists-largely of tea. and .some idea of  the extent of h'er cargo may be obtained when  it is stated that, for .Vc������ York alone she has'  enough'to till IO) carloads. Three hundred  and ilfty cars will make ten good-sized trains.  That .shipment is to be discharged at Tiieoma.  and will bo given tpociul service over the  Northern Pacilicto Now York.  Elections in 'England To-day.  The Queen, on Monday last, signed the proclamation dissolving the imperial parliament,  and ordered issue of writs for the general  election!,. The bulk uf the provincial elections  will be held o.i Mondav.  The Board of Trade.  'J'he preliminary meeting" of local  business men for the formation uf a  board of trade was held in the school  house last. Saturday ailcruooit. The  attendance was huge; those present  being unanimous as to the desirability  of such an institution. After thoroughly canvassing the subject, Mi*. C. Ii.  Shaw was elected secretary and immediately si t lo work to obtain the  necessary incorporation from the (h-  pat tinent of stale at Ottawa.  Completion of Lardeau Wagon  Road.  Govt. Agent, Graham retui nod from  thc Ijiirdeau on Thursday. He went  down on Mondav to settle up l he work  on the wagon road, aud during his  short stay disbursed something like  $0,000. This work was started a yeai  ago and will be completed next  Wednesday. It is I'.i miles long and  extends from Ijardcau to Trout Lake  Cily and will all'ord lhe much needed  facilil ies to aid the development of  that district. Mr. (jrahaui reports  thai the work lias been don** in the  mosl satisfactory manner and 111.-)!, the  men engaged on the work are interested in Mm* locality and have im-  liifdialelv turned their attention to its  iitlvancemi'ijlu  '     BIG BEND NUGGETS.  ' .AVnt. hong has sold his 10th interest  in the Lust, Chance, to Founder.  Geo. O. Marsh, the Downie Creek  rancher, made a trip to town this week  and started on the return to-day!  George Laforme succeeded in wading  his train in to-day. He says the trail  is decidedly damp.  lid. Sullivan's quarter interst in the  North Star placer mine on McOulIouch  Creek, will he sold al. (he mine on  August, loth,  K. MclJean came-in on Tiiut'sday  froni Canie's Creek, where he has been  prospecting, and brought down some  samples of rock for as-spying.  John Hovd ariived down from  Downie Creek on Thursday and left  lor Canie's Creek on .Saturday to do  development, work for the Hevelstoke  Mining Co. Thos. Bain goes up to join  him on Monday.  John Caley and Bui-L. Lane 'arrived  down from Cam]) Creek yesterday,  where they have been putting in a  shafl. They report heavy (ravelling  as the trail in many places j.s under  wat er.  Mr. IL \\\ Nestelle, of the Belling-  haui b-iy Hydraulic Mining Co..an iveil  from I-'.iirli.iveu. Wash.. Thursday  ni.irii:ng..ind lell .*er% e.-u !y I his morning for Fr-eiieh ('revk. He Will put iu  a flume, about 2i."K> feci long, a- quick  as men and money can do il, and has  already let a portion of the work.  Op. the River.  Thesle.imcr Lytion l-i-nughr   up  on  Sunday !.v. o i ,n- io.ids of ..j e   ; rum  the  K'uth mine in the Slocan dis-.iii; .ui  iih  was shipped to the T.ti-om.i -melu-r  'J'he steamer Kootenai c.iine up til''  river on .Monday ioi- two e.irli-.ius of  explosive's .which are to be divided  between Kaslo and Trail'Creek: THE   KOOTENAY   MAIL.
A NOBLE
, CHAPTER  VIII.
"      Vov a. few minutes after Rachel's Oe-
'   parture Mr. Ingle-field limped about the
'    room in deep thought. Iliis. was inil-sed
as he had  expressed it,  a new phase
'in his life:      To bo gently, yet firmly,
' thwarted, to have to listen to opinions
opposed to his own, had not occurred
to   him  slnie   his  marri;i��5:r=He  had
��� been -ever absolute master in 'his domestic affairs as well as In his business affairs. His experience of his
wife in her short marri?d life was one
of entire .submission 'on her part to his
EliKhiesi word.'    She had never croris-
' ed him'by word or look, had never refused to obey him. He did not'pause
to consider that,' having truly loved
htr during that brief tune, this might
have been ��� hec.i.tise he was fairly indulgent to her, and because he gave
o her many1 evidences of his aileciiom
U  may   be   that  this   nappy  state  of
, affairs would not have been continued,
and that,,It v/as fortunate for her that
she lived only long enough to bask in
the sunshine of his favor. ��� He did not
pause'to consider that, even if to be
kind to the poor were not natural to
his daughter, he had by neglect driven
her iiuo occupation and companionship
'fcrolpiiBio his own thoughts and ways.
The dominant feeling in Ills mind was
that Kachel had set herself in opposi-
��� tica to him.
' There occurred to him at this juncture the remembrance of the letter
'Aunt Carrie' had written to him when
she was on her death-bed, and that
there was something ;in itrio-w-nieh-lie-
������ had not at the tune" liaid careful attention,' concerning . Rachel's disposition. , . '   -
V I wonder if I can find that letter,"
he muttered ; "I, think I did not destroy, it." o
He searched among his private ^cor-
respondence* and lighted tipon the letter. He sat down and' read it carefully through, and certain sentences
in it produced,,in his piesent mood, a
, strong impression'.' In speaking of Rachel Aunt Carrie had said :
A. nature like hers���tiuslful, depend-
p, ent for strength upon the strength of
others,  craving and  drawing nourish-'
mc-nt, as if indeed it were a necessity
<? of her being,  fromt visible evidence of
affection���is  difficult  to  deal with.
" Difficult to deal with \" he muttered. " Hut Rachel is a child, or, if not
' , a. child, at least a'young woman 'who
has been brought up in easy circumstances, without anything around her
to develop strange and unnatural qualities."  - ' " i
He continued his reading of the letter :  , , .
"Not that sl-e does not possess a
ccitain strangth of0,Shnracier. The
opportunities for the development of
this strength, which ,in the course of
life may serve her'in good stead, have
happily not occurred, 'but I have been
fondly and' earnestly attentive to her
ways and moods, and I know that behind' her gentle, sweet and quiet'manners there is a force of will for which
few would give her- credit. This peculiar and hidden quality would never
be exercised, and would never show
itself, unless under circumstances in
which, let me say, as a probable case,
her affections were engaged, and" in
���which, having two courses before her.
she would unhesitatingly cfii.ose that
���which she believed would be the ru-ht
c one, even at the risk of great susfenng
to heiself. Tou, also, my'dear Richard, possess' this force of character,
and doubtless have transmitted it as
an  inheritance  to your daughter."
Ke finished the letter and laid it
aside.
"A certain-force-of-"cbaractfr,-" he
'muttered, "which I have donbtl- ss
transmitted . as an inheritance to ray
'daughter ! " "Well, if thaz really be the
case, and Rachel is>obstinate and self-
willed, it will be a batt'e between us.
' Behind' her gentle, sweet and qu.et
manners there is a force of will lor
which few uvould give her credit.' Upp.i
my  word,   there  sesms  something  like
of whom "Wyatt had spoken in terms
of great admiration."
" It wa-3 on Mr. Inglefield's lips to
ask whether the manager was aware
that his daughter had gone to the
funeral, and whether there was any
acquaintance between her and his
clerk, Henry Wyatt, but he checked
himsojf. He was not the kind of man
to expose his private affairs to a
stranger.
X * * I* *
o t<   t
It was a day pregnant' with botn
joy and sadness to Rachel and Henry.
Jcfcph had made himself loved in the
n< ighborbood in which he had' lived,
iir.d a griit many persons attend ad
the funeral iu token of their sorrow
at his death. There v ere some al.-so
who .'ittrnOed because they knew that
lUr.ry Wyatt and his father and the
young- lady who walked like a ministering angel among them, intended ,to follow tlie remains of the poor lad to ihe
grave. Tnis desire for vicarious distinction is natural and not blamable,
(f'icciiilly when it is allied with sincere
feeling. The p,-ayers for' the deal
were said, and Rachel and Henry stood
side by side, looking into the grave of
their depart 2d friend. ��� She moved a
steji forward, nnd as she bent over and
scattered some flowers' upon the coffin,
her hand, . for support, rested in
Henry's.' There it remained, and presently, hand in hand, they. wandered
n little apart, a uecret of joy stirring
within them even in the midst of their
sorrow. ,
" On such an occasion as this," sail
Henry, '��� I have always felt the true
solemnity of life and the littleness of
its surroundings. Sometimes at night,
-when I-have looked -,.p at the stars, I
have thought what=j;ysinies, we are,
ahd how we fret ourselves unneci.ssii.r-
ily, because'we are not rich enough to
purchase" pleasures and'luxuries which
others enjoy. -As if it mattered, so
long as one does one's duty 1 Do you
know that at tlm^s 1 have even looked
upen the.jloss ot fortune as a blessirg?
I think lit opens one's eyes���to what is
sweetest and worthiest. To do . no's
duly���to be kind and helpful, tj others-
it is in that.way life can be'sanctified.
How I honor tycu for the good you
have done ! How proud it makes me
to hear people speak of you !"    ,
She raised her eyes to,his.
" Tt makes0 me- proud, too, to hear
people speak ot you." ,   " -
',' Xo merit is mine," said Henry. "I"
was forced among them ; you came of
your own prompting, you sought them
cut ; from ihe sweetness of your own
nature you held iortl'i the 'helping
hand."
"It was you ���who shjw<\l me the
way," she murmured' '.'Among all
your friends'thero is not one who ,boners you  more  deeply   than  I."
Her voice .was tremulous, but she
did not cast doivj her eyes ; she kept
thorn upon his face , and if ever true
love found expression i[ found expression in her. " , i>(
" I do not think," he said, presently,
"that in any place than thic, or under any other circumstances, T should
have the- couragei to speak ; but at
k.ist w"e are equal here ; and if, in
Laying"  that  T love  you  with   a.  man's
"Perhaps  it  will   be  best'to   speak   You have schemed, you have planned,
now  papa." , you have plotted, behind my hack.*   I
' "Much the best. While you have will S^'e you the credit of believing
teen absent, I have looked up a letter that it is he, and not you, who has
written to me by your Aunt Carrie, and played the active part in this wretched
I have read in it what I did not pay , affair ; that it io he who has led you
sufficient attention < to���that you have
a knack of insisting upon your own
way ; and that, when >ou have made
up your mind to a thing, you will adhere to' it, whether it be right or
wrong."  '    '  . ,
" 1 shall always do what I think ;s
on ; but whether it is so er not matters
little, after the confession of effrontery
you have,made. I will have no half
measures ; what is done shall be final
and complete. I will not have .you
ever think of ,this man. .1 shall demand   that   you  cast' him   from ���your
right, papa," said Rachel ; "never any- j heart,  and   that you  shall  satisfy me
'I shall never marry, papa, unles^'I
full'heart and devotion, the words pain
���.oil, forget them and forgive me." ".ove.
���," There is no forgiveness needed," she    ''"Love!" he'sneered.      "Girls'  talk,
fi'id, softly and sweetly; "your words > learned  from  cheap romances.      Love
thing wrong, I hope."
" I hope not.. You have been to this
funeral, I repeat.     Answer,, me."
"Yes, papa, I have been.",
"Did you meet any persons whom I
know ? I will have the truth, Rachel."
" Mr. Henry -Wyatt was there, papa."
He slapped his hand upon the table.
"I suspected as much.     Have "'you
known him long ?"
'* " I have known him fcr some time,
papa ?"
"What are the relations between
you ?     Su.-ely not friendly ones !"
" Certainly friendly ones, pftpa."
He noticed tho rising color in her
face, and he played with a book which
lay on the I able, and then thrust it
roughly from him.
',' There is something more in "your
mind." , '     ,
"Yes, papa, I was going lo'speak to
you about it to-night. Fapa, Mr. Wyatt and I "  ',
" Stop !"'he cried. " It will perhans
be advisable for you to leave unsaid
what is in your mind, and to listen to
certain views of mine which bear upon
your future."
"Yes, papa, I will listen."'     *���   '  ,
<" You are now a'woman.    I recognize
the fact,  and that you cannot always
remain with me at hom^." . -,
These "words bore so closely upon the
new ties she hold: formed on that day
that RachM's heart beat fast ; .but she
did not know -whether to hope or lo
fear.' ' 0   ',
"A father's hold upon ris children,"
continued Mr. lnglefield, " lasts Xonly
for a certain number' of years. When
they become men and 'women their
thoughts turn; naturally perhaps, to-
ward^'a new , sphere of life; and if it
lmppens that they choos-e for themselves, it is well for them, if their
choice meets with their parents' approval., ,lio you"understand me, Rachel ?" ' '"p       . ,
" Only pa'rtially, papa."
" I will make myself quite clear to
jcu. It is time that you should marry.
Ycu are ' what isi commc rily called a
good catch in the market ; that is to
say, you will be a good catch if ''you
net according to my wishes���not otber-
wifp. Whoever 'may be the lucky man',
he will have,,110 reason to grumble, for"
I can give, him a fortune with you. Of
course he must be^ in your own rank
of .life ; and I promise you,that, in your
civn interests, I will be wary of adventurers. A~3 I am rich, he must'be
rich ; whether he be a merchant or not
matters little, so long as he occupies
a position. Do you understand me
new ?"
''Yes, papa." said Rachel, in a low
t'-.ne. , '   .
'' And, you ng*re-�� ?"
" Xo, papa, I cannot agree in all that
you have said.'" '   .
"���What part of it displeases you?"
he asked, sternly. ' _ '
truthfully upon this point, or"
But he checked hims..-lf here, and did
not give expression to the stern resolve
to which he mentally pledged himself.
" Co now to your room and think
the" matter over. I will not see you
again to-night. Come to me to-morrow when I send for you, and be prepared to say frankly to me, 'Father, I
will obey you implicitly, in' spirit and
iii the letter,' Be wise, Rachel, if you
have' any regard for the future."
She rose. Hor face was white, and
there were 'tears in her eyes.
" Fiithcr 1"
He strove to arrest her words by exclaiming :
" l have warned you, Rachel, and I'
will .not listen to you."
" You must listen to me, father," she
said. "lt'ls very little T have to say
at this moment, but it must be spoken.
Ycu have accused Mr. Wyatt 'of tricking to win me ; he has not done so. He
has been manly and honorable and upright ; and had he not seen that I,loved
him. I doubt whether he would ever
have had the courage to ask me to be
his wife. If either of us is to blame It
is I, not he." '
("Aii unmaidenly confession," said
Mr. lnglefield. "Go from my sight
immediately!' , ��� !
She let"-, the'room slowly, with head
cast down, but when she closed thc
doer upon her father her strength gave
way, and'it was with difficulty that sh-
reached her apartment. < , ,
(to be   continued.)
PRACTICAL FARMING..
will   live   evero within   me   as   a  most
cherished   remembrance."
He clasped her h.ind more ��� firmly,
and she returned th.- cl i?p timidly and
trustfully; and ' there, in that
place' and at ths-t s-ok-mn time, they
plighted their heart--:. Thus, upon
Jr-st-ph's humble sravt, Heaven was already sh> iliac-.
CHAPTRR IX.
cmiKS after' marriage, not before.
When girls' heads are turned by such
weak, sentimental nonsense, they are
uniiticl for the duties of life, and they
solemn j a>*rn*ral!y suiter for their folly���and
f-p-ryc tht-m right '. It is well for you
that you have a wiser head than your
nin to direet you, and if you are wis��
���I will not say if you are. dutiful and
afti-ctionate, because that seems some:
whin too much lo hope tor���yov will be
guirl-d  by me in  this matter.      There
Sorrow
of joy.
i-   in   Rachel's   disinclination   to   rae..-t
my views !    She must meet them ; bris, was   unworldly   t-,n^u
shall meet them !      She snail obey  m-' the hope tha- Mr. Ins
and do.as I wish.     Thar, my own llesli' pu'c only hi> dauc-ht-r's r.r;;,;.
rnd  blood  should  turn  against  nif���ir j wuuld   not   t.ak-i   in;.   ;:< ��� V.n
is monstrous :     For whom am I work-'parity o: tft?ir clrcums,,'Hr.f5r.~
irg ?     For her.    'W;ho will inherit ihej    Hoi*. ?ver.  it -   -    -
money  I have made ?      Why,  ^!��.      r ! Rr-rh-jl to act
had no otner thought.      Vow   ihti fc my ! twjk  :h^  matter   in
attention   Is;  from  what  has  occurred, ' IV,-!'- r--turii from t
seriously    dtr't-ctcd    to    her.    I   roS'/ivs,, , ,i.r*. -nil*.!   by   h-v   rath*..-,    wi
that Srte shall marry ; and many i\.-ll. . ^bi aptly :
No poor man ; no beg-far :      Sh? shall!     ������ sio���y.,u  ha',"  b<-
marry on.-  -is  rich  as  I am my---if, ,tsy'!tr"iim'!i   yij-i   kn-w
quickly trjd upon the heel.- ��� is time* enough before'Us. I will, for
On tiie same, day that the'your sake, depart from my usual hab-
lovers plighted their tro'h thsy doc id- ', its..' Your shall enter into society; if
ed in their calmer mom.-:.:s that it w.a's ; I nnd it n-_-ces;ary, I will take a house
m honor and duty r.e-ctssary that Ra- ' in a f i.-h-nnabl-j quarter. Wedded as
ehel's father should N informed of j I am to my business, and ^.-riving my
their engagement.     It was with a sink-   .-*r.i*-f   pleasure   from   i*\   you   will   ac-
-T" trat  this  will  be no > small
for a,':  to, make ; and  if you
.j*   proper  feeling  in 'you,  you
recite  It...    Yes,, you shall  go
'���; =oC>-;y ; ami I havs no doubt, when
1) - i..',:���'���.-- known that y.iu arj an h-ir-
-",  y.iu -.v 1! nv;et with' pk-nty of sun-
-.-���.,      Y-.*J   will   h-:   able   to  pick   and
.-���.-.���.*    ar.-1   I   shall   see  you   a  happy
f rT1.--I  woman."'
I'ay-'l   :"��� !t   tnat 't would be  an act
."���'.:��� 11" n .im*  .-lyi'oen.-v lo ri'day the
rig heart that .K*"-r.ry ac-.ui'-scd ir. :h:s
arrangement ; ui:ifi����-<3, ;: w-s he who
had rropos^'l ;t ; but aft-,- a wh.U- hft
1'/   T'-erI    u- .,n
���'.': *.v,v.:i " i o~-
kr.owt
' s< on fi
ha w
w.i)  ;.
f~  r;-
-r,.
or
rnzler.*.]
ran'I.
=��� fun' r,=.
';<th-.'-
n.'rn
hirn-^i
'���>n   ita
��h- wi
.'>     .-ri. ;
lich as she will be.,    If Rachel thinks i that
That 1 shall I,-t drop wh-<t
e'urred to-day b-twe'-r. us, -li-1
he.'-^elt m.-tak'.-n It is i who
t��r of my 1.- u-^ and f.un.ly.
b.e a *>.:!''!< - m,.   k--..in ���,, l..-r
nas   wc- i . .-i\
will I'.nd ' ra:-!
,-���'"3 v=h0Ul'j   IV
that   I   must
n to  t',i
It    IV,I��
>-.,!      >
.mra* tn : j1!>
riii-.v r .-.ppo-r;. n
Th'T- wa.-r ii"
f - reproj.','r.ii.*- ri
ihoil�����!������. niat he
blame for h'.a n
;..-r, for his " '
iron f.-llr.
\^ ..rk'd  Inn
'i pit. .
i. ui'.-,."
n .light
n.-.'lf ;
iv i., in
,'l^et   . I
n-
1:
am m,li-
Ir  will
\ a.-n -'li-
<���i--.--.L-  In
rjll.
tf
in   hi i   mind
!i"IV    \\ .i :   no
any   -,..,���, v    (,,
ii!.-,     'l,..;---;i-
-ick ol   a ft. ci ion :,'.\<1  ��� ,>n-
toward    h.'iX        II,     ii.,.1
elf into a  mood  iu  whi.'h
"e   ;n 11
way   io
it w;.s impossible for him to
lit fould ui,* in the ,-l.ght-st
b I a m e.
A little v/hllf nrt^r.v.'ir.I It- w;ij< \n
his o.Tlc-, tulk.ng to hi-. man,-ig��-r uji.iri
bL.'--,'!-i-'---s ni'ill'-rs. fir- g.anc-fj towfir.l
th", df-k which Ilfnry Wyatt, <,!������ up! ���1.
The i-oii-,) wj" (-mi'ty. " Wh.-re is
Wyatt ?" li ��� inquired.
���' 11" a'-k'-d for 'eiiv.- of Jihs.nr..*," r*--
Piicd the manat-.'i*, "and as no has
h'-f-n rather hard worked lately, and
there* w.'.s nothing of lm|,orlani:i: Tor
him to att'od io, r told him he rril��,"hl
go for  th': nay."
" Hard w-,rl'.'-d !" exclaimorl Mr.
Inglefieid,  " N he unwf-11."
" \n, sir," said the- manager. " FT'*
wish.-'d to attend the tun':r;i] of a frl"ivl
of hi��, a poor larl in th.- east, to whom
hft was much atlacliert."
The- <--oi:ifld<-ii('r. immedia trly struck
Mr.   mcjlffi-ld.
"Do you know the nam'- nf thf larl'"
" I t^mk it w-is Joseph���a brlirht l.ov
and th,*
will ha- .-'no .-'/!
ar.'i tr'i'hfnl ,nir
���' I   hivv   n- \
11 n' hf'.ii to y >.ii.
" T   .tin, tm.ib'.
mi'.ii  fh.it   ar   ],r-
a-hi
w-il
���' I li.iv,' i"."-.. r :i r '
K ich"!,   i*.)-!iily.
-p. ak   so  imk.n.lly
i.ot lov.- me ?"
;  fun-ral,
my   *.,-: --h
n-.'l  .i !   'J p'T-
t  .-j-'-aVt   to   you  ..'"ri-
I   am  about   (.,   -iv,
1 am i '.out lo a-"k. I
>ns . 1 ft .11 h.i\ ���  jil :in
��� ���r-, "
!,''.-n   ai.\ tb.iig   hut
th* r," .-aid I la. 1,"1
'.)    l"nn   an   .ijaui jn
���nr.'   -.u 1  Mr.   i.-)Kl,%.
" An ii'-truth may b. a^l'> 1 ,m
is spokon."
.'I'l i-n'.f.iih," a lid
" f-'fia,   why   r',,,  j ,-,i
liy   to  mi' ?      Why do
o
" l.uv - you '��� Who 1,,-iK put the- id'-.i
;:T'i your h'**i.l . Iw i T do not lo'"."- you '!
! Iviv- for i >11 th" pV-.T'or f.'^li'ig^ .'.' a
ratlier for hm child, /md f iru��i v-.u
h.-iv.. the* proper f""Ilng-> of a finld i'^r
1,'T fath"r ; but T 'hall "O'-.n di*..-.v r
f'.r my.vu' whrther that is .^'. or no*.
When my 'j's ar" operii-d ,to what ha-i
bp-''i"i hidden from m" T am not slow
lo aet. 'I will hiv ' no r"bei!ion 'n
rrv home. Your moth, r obeyed m" ;
your aunt ob"}, "I m", f��nd you shall
obey ine. I" gi-e you tan- warning.1
Itieh'l , an 1 I rei/r-1 thar the necessity,
hai -lrrivd for rr,y doing so. However, that ner-j sslty I=i not of mv creating, f K"e t"ars In your "ys. Tf
you cannot listen to me cilmly, I will
wait until you have recovered your-1
s"lf." , u
rta.-he]   turned   her   head   aside   nnd '
wiped  away lu-r  t��-ars : and, pr'-seritly, j
Ifivlng- ""booled   herself  into  strength,
. ii    "aid ��� I
,-, r.rl v.-:i.li. -,*;������
<. :t, " ."v,i;.!.''
H't.:-. s '.-k. '
.Mr. Ii.g: 'I--.M
b. *- f.< -. ,...': :
y   .   ,-..",'!   '1 -    i-
. )>:<���,"' .was   ';pon   her  lip^ ;
!   :-j   n--*rv"   hi-rself   for  it;
,\ "��� whispering  to h. .-.
I'.l-i he!,   poiirag" ;   for
w.-il .is for iour o^'n,"
-.v.
.'���:������ h:= oy .- fix'-d
f-  i ihe C'lor coir..
��� In;*-  and .failli ^  o
i'l .   whe 'pok'-,  in a
,1  yy a,r.'i d-   > t���:
'  ;i  "1- ::,/ . h.*.'..-.
|in.,n
h< i'
lb
tfi i.i
.*l, i'
.or   i U 'l'T,   v
'1    ('.a' \u i ������
���-1 rn
��� ���:
... i r. ..   tl
. >���
.  ny
i rig.
���1"
'o
���'���v- :
"i.
l   ������
n.      T..  i
va -i a
' i*-.o
Jb
!:k  -.
11,    l
:-   -.i.u   j'..
e.
������I',  i
i"-h
i/l
x:
i.      i
r.'. i
r '. y
.-   :.-,jl- 1
ii.
.llS-if
a.-.
re
i\xt)
,'rn
.   al
!   wh",-j  h.
* .-
r.'jke
IgJ
r.
IX
.'.*a -
- airnly
md   eoi.ily
P
,   h
l r ij .i
ou .v.;! f'.
V i
r a. ���
'.���!' n
th-
nn ;r.'
���  of
i' ..
j-1-.a.-. .'/,,'
i.i
*- ' ?. ,
'- ��� Ti.
"
" r-
Mr
����� r-v   W
y -
1 ���    ! .t
/'  . -
ri h ���
*���.'
c~  .*.
'   ''' "     * o     J , ,
"O
(   "-1
' ', "I
I
...
st'-rn
!y -
- j*i;
i.d   ,ii-r
" f:
no ,
g'l-
I Ot   a r. ,' n
���r
\,tj f"l
\ T
���
I-feT.l
V    '.
.'-..l*
r. '       -V   -.-
_���,,
a r !
A
r
!,
\\ <tr'r:
.ng
tor
a  pitiful
'���
���ntv   .-
roll
1)     v.-
<k
1
O       .O*      -I,'
o
f   -
���Ki)
r,
,>
Il=.!'-.'
io
yvi
\a :��� r,
',
rre, a
".f.  i
,,
'J
well
\Vi<   1
.   r \.
'''i>.     'in
OJ
vi ar.
nr p
ii
ar.t   =i
Kb)
��� i ,
'   t ri 1 -j my
���
.'di
l.a.
r
,.
In w.
1
Krio
���a    ar,   ,'t'lv
r,
hi- r
���V ! 1'
fi
f
< om<*
fl'-I
O-i-!
hirri , you
fjr
rio1".
'A" I,
h
my fon-.'
���n1   j
-oil   Will    f.
-V
r rtiiirrv
���o
���
all
rr.!,n,   lliii   seh"in*.-r.       I   ir.-ht   I-i i
eomrriiinlcat'f.ii    o"l .v ' r;    v ai   '.h.-iii   I,.,
li stonily f.i-v'-r"d,   rnd  foi..,-..,        |  v,.,n
)-n\e  no  vri-t   '-'u i ��� i poii'i"n e,   rro
cr"t   rn'"llim'y  and   " -:\;r,<, iti'm-        y  q
end h" shall ii,n-"r eorue toy 'I" ��� ,i c.i. .
LOW LAKE LEVELS.
" i 	
tVlial   Will ho   tliR   KtTe.e.t   on   (he   I.nlCPH
-  M'lieii    llie  ,<irenl    Clilcasi)    Ciiinl   Ik
Oprnril.
The low water which haB for some time
been the rule in Lake Ontario, is a phenomenon which may well make people wonder
what will be the-case when the great
Chicago drainage canal is in full working
order. Chicago never does things by halves,
nnd when that qreat city had to find an
outlob lor its sewage.it resolved to cut
through tlie watershed and divert a part oi
Lake Michigan into the Gulf of Mexico.
Chicago has tried hard to keep the lake
from which it draws its water supply free
from pollution. 3ut spite of all its efforts
the filthladeu current of the Chicaeo river
would, when swollen with roiu, invade the
lake, carrying'the germs of typhoid out
toward the cnbs'whence the water supply
of the city is obtained. To obviate this
and similar dangers the sanitary district of
Chicago was'formed in 18S9. This " district" is '
"c A  l'CHMG CORI'ORATIOS-,
managed by elective trustees, having the
right to levy a tax and to itsue bonds.
The district'comprises most of the oity of
Chicago, iu addition to 40 square miles of
Cook county, outside of the city limits.
Having to choose t between pumping the
city's sewajje out'to the sand flats of Indiana and sending it by a deep water canal
to the lower walerB of the Illinois river,
the trustees finally chose tho hitter method
of disposal. Either was costly, the drainage channel being estimated, for cotistruc-
���tion and right-of-way, ut not less' than
��23,000,000, but the pumping plan would
have cost more. In September, 1S92, the
digging out of a channel bic* enough to
hold a riveroflargi proportions was begun.
The work, is now more than half done, and
what the reeult will' be Then the great
outlet sewer is open_f^rm._biisinejBg^_has--a]-
readv begun to excite some uneasiness.
The "channel is to be about 28 miles long,
fiom Chicago to Lockport, and it' will
connect with the old Illinois and Michigan
canal basin a little farther on at Joliet.
With a depth of 26 feet, and a bottom
width varying from 110 to 202 feet, the
channel will carry rfi'from Lake Michigan
a volume of water which is computed at
300,000 cubic feel per minute. When its
narrower section, only eight miles of the
whole, is widened out to the.full limit, and
the gigantic ditch assumes, as it is intended
to no, tlie character of ,
a sun- CANAL,
ihe discharge of water will be at the rate
ot (100,000 cubic feet per minute, which' in
the House of Commonx was said the other
dny to amount to five per cent. , of the
water passing through the Niagara river.
Although this in suid liy some to ho calculated to reduce the levels of our lakes, it is
Jiitislnctory to find that this opinion is not
held by all scientific men. .Some of the
Chicago engineers are of opinion that, it
will lower the lake levels and that of
i|ie Niagara river four inche*.. On tho other
hand several engineers have come forwaid
to maintain tho theaiu that it will not lower
'hum at all. Tli'ey adduce evidence to
ri'now that a paradox exists with regard lo
the lowering of thc level of .i body of
water by diiohurge from it. This being
-lift case,it would si cm that nothing can bo
done at present hut investigate thetiulh
'.f these aflhrniituinH. .\l��Hnwiiili, nobody
vemH to know exactly how it is that the
level of Lake Ontario is so low. That at
,my rat" is not affected by the Chicago
drainage canal.
Not Serious.
The sieterj Htood there'in the twilight
and gazed thoughtfully into tlio dimpling
witer.
"Then yr'ti were not serious with-the
f>uke '!''
''So, I ir.o.rely priced him."
The told ni*.'nt .or prrmtintly unpolled
them to H.-ok nliehor. Ttioy v/ero ff.e to
-<;i:k anyllnng they wiwhcd, ior they were
A.'n'iricins and wor'ai a  million apiece.
How to Keep Butter.   ' J .
Most farmers do   uot  make  dairying a
specialty.    It is only  one  of the   various
industries  from wliich  they derive  their
incomes.    The profits from, three   or four
cows do not warrant the outlay for a complete equipment of  modern   implements.
The  average   farmer  aud   his   wife   must
make the most of pautribs, pans and other
dairy   appliances    at   hand.      Consumers
have learned that butler lapidly deteriorates  if exposed   to   tho  air,   hence, small
packages are called   for.    Butter is never
so good  as when   used  within   one week
from   the   time  it   leaves   the   churn.    It
possesses   then  a   delicate   atoina   and a
peculiar, indescribable flavor,   which  soon
passes away and is never present thereafter ���
but butter properly   made   can   be  kept
Hweotand in good order for months'.    The
surplus butler may be kept "and   marketed
iu winter, when prices are more remunerative.    Get the butter iu good condition i.s
soon as possible after churning,  aud pack
tirmly in gallon or halt-gallon jars.'   Those
containing four or five-pounds  are preferable.    When the jars are bought ask the
seller, us he marks tho weight of each, to
number   them so   that a   record ' of   the
amount of butter in each jar can  readily
bo kept.    Pack -the jars level  full, tie a
round piece of strong, thick cloth over the
top, and  place il  bottom'side  up   into, a
new,   large crock.    Do  not  pack   butter
made at dillercnt   times   in the   same jar,
but   Btorc   only  those  jars   that,   can   be
filled   at one  churning.    Make  a  strong
brine,    using    all 0 the    enlc   tho    water
will .absorb,    adding   lo   each   gallon    a
teasp'oonful of saltpetre and a leucupfnl of
granulated sugar.   '��� Scald, the'  brine and
skim  it thoroughly.   ,   Wlien  cold   strain
through  a wet, thick cloth into the crock.
Add 'more brine from'time to time to' keep
the jars covered two inches in   depth.    ,Tie
a thick'cloth over the crock to protect from
dust, and over this  place a .wooden covet-
to exclude,, the   light.    Do  not   keep   the
crock on   the cellar .floor, oven   if it is a
cement one, but on a-'platform,  if possible,
with slats underneath the crock   to   insure
free  circulation of air. ��� This will prevent
mold forming on the bottom of  the  crock.
It must be sold as packed buttor,   but will
bring a good   price.   'Octobor  is   the  best
month in which to pack butter for 'winter
home use.    Several smaller crocks may be
used in which to store tho jars rather than'
use   tho  large crock.'   To  clean   jais and
crocks use a   bath of  hot  liinewaier,    or
'strong hot soda water.    A simple  method
is given by, salt manufacturer's  for   testing
the purity of salt.     Take  as    many,; clear
glass   tumblers  or  goblets   as   there   are
samples of salt. ' Put  into  each   the same
quantity   of clear cold water.    Drop into
each tumbler a tedspoonful of salt from one
of the several samplns and note the immediate    results.      There , will    be    a   scum,
sediment, or milky color, varying with the
inferiority   of   the    sample.      The   water
showing  the least change  will contain tho
purest Bait.    <
' '    Swine Breeding-.
No ureater mistakes are made in breed-
ing swine or indeed any other kind of live
stock than those which grow out of tho
aimless way in which grading is done.
The,assertion' would not be tooisweeping,
perhaps, which claims that nine-tenths of
the breeding with the average farmer' U
aimless, He simply selects a sire because
it takes his fancy as;to form, or because it
represents some new and novel breed, or
because it can be got cheaply and conveniently, or for some other reason which does
not take into consideration the- laws of
breeding.
Now, farmers;' it is true that breeding
may fitly be compared to a deep, deep'sea,
which has never yet been fathomed ill all
its reccsseB. There are many things about
which the most skilled have yet to learn.
But it is also true that the process of upgrading is so simple, that an obseivaut
child should almost bo able to direct it.
The whole question is covered by a few
rules so plain and so easily understood,
that it is difficult indeed to see how any
misconception can arise in regard to them.
They may be summed up as follows : 1.
Select dams of the form desired wherever
they can be conveniently got, and without
much regard to their breeding. 2. Then
fix upon tho pure breed which it may be
desired to select males from, choose good
individual sires from that breed, and continue to choose from the same. Aud 3,
see to it that the food is adapted to tho
wants of the animal.
EUROPE'S HERRING FISHERIES.
The Fist; ^1115 Aliuu'lnnl, Xnlw lllis(.in.lin*��
l.OUII Years oi M-Mixliter.
No fish plays a more important  p.irt iu
the   food supply or Europe  and America ,
than the herring, and it has been important
in Europe for something like   1,000 yours,
and   perhaps   for many centuries   longer.
French, Englinh, Suot.'h, Dutch, and Scandinavian fishermen have been pureeing the
herring for many   geneiations.    ">''c mono .
of the fish indicates its gregarious char ---Tt
for the word comes from a '>.iot  signifying
an   army.    The Wel-di  mine for   the fish
conies from u AVelsh' root of like'- meaning.
As a single'sin.ill herriug  produce:.   10,000
eo;gs and a larger one m my more, it i-, uot-o
difficult to understand why  the ocean .still
swarms with these   fish after  centuries of/
slaughter. ,
The seagoing fiihenncn of all hinds lire a
haidy; courageous, and interesting people, "
though few of them seotn so picturesque to
English-.-peaking prrsons us llu so of the
Krt-nch coast. It was one of these li"r Mich
fishermen, the lather of t wtniv ,*ou-- children, who was thograndiallieroi Aiiluhoti,
the naturalist. The lishcrui m't- one famous
son went toit.h with a boy oi I'i from .'.is
father's house wilh a tew a'-im :ii his
pocket to return an A-.hiur.il o'' Fiance Mid
rich enough to make h.intisif iiub'.ei o" a
fine estate near his early home. iliirf v.-is
the father of our own Audubon, in vh-'iu
the traits of iho French lislierir.cn were
continued. ���
The fishermen of the Fiench'' Aiicutic
coast arc simple men, pious ui.tin'ir wi-.y,
and industiibu's, if nut Ii oni chn.ee, tl'.eii '
from the necessiiie.- of mi iil-pn.nl tiruie. ���
Whenever the fishei men enlei or ieu\e mo
little harbor of Brow tliey s.iluu; tin; ciiui.-h
where their wives go to mass, .mil u.u
church bell answers tlio salute. The three
French ports of BjuIolmu*, Cului*!, 'iiu'l"
Dunkirk send, more than 70U vessifli= i>> tho
herring fisheries, or about one*tenth or the
whole number of Kuicpeau vosie'n engaged ,in the trade. Theie an* lion ing to
be caught thc year round en some p.'.i ' of
the- European const, ' ihouctli they diil'ei--.
grently in size and quality.1- The Yarmouth
herring are pel Imp'1) best know,, in l"e
United States, though small Jic-.tuli ).-.-
ring'and kippered huriiug fiom oilier p*.l,s
than Yarmouth, are also c-n?uun-i: in
this country. Per':i-.psi!u* most :iii:n,ii��(i.'i
Eumpe.u-e the little Dutch ln*i i-mir.'no'iV
7 to Ih inches lone, and the Scotch imr-mg
of ,-jtarnoway. Herring oi half ihe hi g'h
of the iittlu Dutch hen ing aie eiui^nt on
the banks oil' Dunkirk.
'J'he   law   of the   fidhciies of, trie  North
Sea was laid   down in   the uc'tity   et  'j'he,
Hague, nn.i  the police  <if that sen ure ihe
navies of ti.e   nations  ii'ong   !t,s    hoi <;<-is. ^
There uever has   been any s-erious mi H'-co
oyer the fisheries, thoug'i 10'),00 ) iiien .i.id
7,000 botts take part in ihe indiu-ii y.    Tiie '
French Government puts lis r.-hor,fcF under
the charge   of the ol'ioeis   in command of
neighbor ine naval   stations,  while  a corps
of   scientific  men under  the   liuiosm   nel
Agriculture study the habits'of food fi-dios
and the methods of lis linn,'.
The Bo.jlogne fishing vessels, called
Dundee*-,-came into harbor m good souiom {
with GOO or'700 casks of herring in pickle,
as tho curing is don*! on board. So important was a now abandoned method of
curing herring ihat the Empiiior, Charles
V., trweiiing in Holland, visited the temb
of tho inventor of that method. The herring fishermen of Boulogne lea\e home 'or
the 'opening of their j-euann about the
middle of this month. Booted ami oil-
skinned, they hoist sail to the niii-dc of
their own voices, their women ashore looking on. A cloud of handkerchiefs hid them' "
faro well. When a cable's length beyond
the harbor there is a silence on board Lhe
fleet and the fishermen rturn to face the
already embrowned dome of None Dame
of Boulogne and to murmur a prayer to the
protcctross of seamen, " Sryt Mary, intercede for lis poor fishermen. ' i The worn- , <
err have meanwnile tin nod to make their
traditional pilgrimage to the .t',=Jesus-Ha-
gelle " on the clill".
THE UNKNOWN HEROES.
Tho Wrontr TImo.
Mudg'���If thero ii anything I detest it
ih being asked to drink when I am not
w-witirity lo
Yabsley ��� Jtmnntbo annoying to you io
i,e vvakfri''d out of 'v sound nloep.
f'-mbr'.l'c'-' .i����r".^ir.iit h ,?I,1.V2,M0, an
ir.i i1'r *��� <" of ���.'���" I ,'i!'-". and tlio population is
nov.   !,('���''"���. ''"I .,-.ni<���������:.  of 171.
, > Our Orchards.
For most crops we plow and till every
year and supply an abundance of plant
ood. ' More'than this, in order to keep up
the fertility wo go further and one crop is
followod by another kind, rotation being
tho rule in all advanced agriculture.
With orchards how dill'cnmt tho practice 1
Rotation is not possible,hut how we neglect
them in other ways. Their roots cross and
crowd in the struggle for life, and wo
intensify their struggle hy cropping as long
as the shade is partial, and when roots and
branches intermingle in their respective
elements, wo seed to grass and mow and
pasture until tho prematurely old trees
give up tho struggle after years of worth-
lcflsnohH as bearers of fruit. By our system
of orchard management the mineral elements become exhausted and we must
supply them if we would renew their
uHt'fulnt'Ss, Potash and phosphorus should
be applied in tho fall and nitrogen in the
spring. Humus may be supplied by growing clover, covering with a light coat of
barnyard manure and plowing under.
Must Expiate   Their Crime.
Armenian girls who reach the age of 17
without being engaged to marry some one
have to fast for three days and then live on
salt fish for ii fotnth day without drinking
liny water.
Practice Makes Perfect.
Coot-night, Mrs. Prown. I haf to sank
you for do most bleasaut efemng I hat efler
Hchbont in my life 1
Oh, dou't say that, Ilerr Schmidt I
Ach 1 hot I do  say, dat ! I  alvays  say
dat.
Woodstock will soon vote ou a by-law fo
a 59,000 market shed.
MoiiiiiiK'iH lolicErceicil In ,��li��*- <'ftiii<*K'ry
on llruiuiiKiiicI Hill��� To Comsi'.'iiiorute
(lie ICnti:*- ol' 1,iiikI.v's l,aim*.
The unknown heroes who fell" iu the
bloody battle of Lundy's Lane on July 25th,
1814, are to have their memories perpetuate I by a monument to be erected in tho
famous cemetery on Drummoud hill, on,
the Canadian side, not far distant from
Niagara Falls, by the Dominion Government. The monument will be built
of granito from Stanstead county, Quo.
This atone is of a bright grey colour,
oven iu texture, and ih susceptible of a high
polish. The shaft will be approached by'
six steps. These and trie first two baser
will be lino hammered work. At tho toj
of the upper basc.an.l at each angle, will be
placed a pile of cannon balls, us will also
be the caso with tho ornamental part8
which terminate the ramps thatspring from
each angle of the base. Tho die will ho
octagonalin form. Tho four faces will be
polished, the angles hammered and
ornamented with bronzo shioldH on
the face of which will be inserted the
name of the regiment which look part
in the battle. Over the die will bo a
heavily moulded capital, on tho front of
which vill be cut, m large- raised lottors,
the words "Liuidy'a Lane." The shaft
will be of one block weighing over five tons.
On its face will be a wreath of maple and
the date " 1812-M" in bronze. Tlie monument will be about 40 feet high, with an
extreme width at the steps of 20 foot, and
from its commanding position in the cenie-
lery it will have an imposing appi-aranco.
In accordance with u desire of tho Lundy's
Lane Historical Society, of which the Hev.
Canon Bull, of Niagara Falls South, Ont.,
is president, the Ontario Government will
build a vault underneath the monument for
the reception of the remains of any soldier*
or relics which may be found in the vicinity,
as well as those which have already boon
discovered. This vault will hi seven foot
square. Tho entrance will be by a descent
ot'some 12 steps. There will bo a grilled
iron gato and a heavy inside door of wood,
so that the eutrance to the vault will be-
amply protected. The monument ie all er.1
and ready to erect in the yards of tlu
makers, in Toronto, who have com men ood
the erection of it at once, in order that It
may bo ready for the anniversary on July
25th next, THE   KOOTENAY   MAIL.  3  NOTES AND   COMMENTS.  The bestowal of the honor of knighthood  on Henry Irving, the great actor, marks  the most astonishing advance in the social  recognition of histrionic art'known ib the  history of the English stage. That this  honor should have, been bestowed by, Victoria emphasizes the greatness of that  advance. ,This is "the first time an English  actor has ever received such recognition at  the hands of his sovereign. Elizabeth would  have Btartled and scandalized her court had  1 ehe ventured to recognize iu such fashion,  the peerless Shakespeare. And Charles IL,  - who ennobled pimps and prostitutes without  stint, would have created a social revolution  had he ventured to give tho meanest title  to the most illustrious actor in his realm.  In fact, few people realize how socially  degraded and despised all members of that  profession were in  early English  socioty.  . At first, no women ' were permitted to  appear upon the stage at all. And when  this prohibition was removed every female  member of tho profession was simply a  social leper. They herded with the lowest  classes of society, and were supposed to bo  as vile in character as they were in reputation. Step by step, over a stony and  thorny road, the actor has ascended the  social scale. Al first he was treated as a  beast.thenasahumanbemi'.thenasa gentleman, and, finally, in the, person of Henry  Irving, he has become almost a nobleman.  And surely in   this case,   the tardy honor  ( has been well bestowed. Sir Henry Irving  ���������as we must call him in future���������has done  more for the dignity and elevation of the  English-speaking stage than any living  man. He is a great artist, and his cultivated intelligence and refined artistic sense  have powerfully helped make the stage, one  of the liberal and learned professions.  , '���������.       p.  The " unspeakable Turk " has .done it  once too many times.    The "last ditch" is  not far off]    The .civilized  world is not a  , fool,   nor wholly  cowardly.    The fiercest  ' fanaticism, the unutterable misrule, which  found its perfectly logical manifestation in  the  Armenian   massacres,   has crossed its  dead line.    The incident of Jeddah of May  .31,   when the consular representatives of  .the  British,  French and, Russian governments were assaulted by Turkish troops;  the British   vice consul   assassinated  and  other con&ular officers wounded,"has punctuated the end , of  the  sentence.    Longer  dalliance   on   the  part   of   the  European  powers would be sheer stupidity.  *' _^^_~���������  The Sultan  is frightened.    He dare  not  loDger delay giving at least verbal consent  to the   soheme of   administrative  reform  ,i    . ,      r   .  proposed by the great  powers of Europe.  If ho cannot yet see, he will presently be  helped to see the inevitableness'of the new  methods of taxation and biVlocal .government. If the insane ' fanaticism of Islam  ��������� breaks out again its madness it' likely to be  its doom.1'. As the London News reniaiks,  " It is not too much to say that there are  many tigiis.of ������ ' holy war' against all  Christian communities and all Christian  rights whatever in the Turkish Empire."  But the great governments of Christendom,  European and American, cannot remain  indifferent. Any such indifference would  make all these governments participants  in the unspeakable crime against civilization, against  humanity itselL       "  FREE BURIAL.  It c!Ian   Been   Adopted   In   Many  of   tli  ���������Swlis   Cantons.  -    '  There is at least one country in the world  where it costs nothing to die. In some of  the cantons of Switzerland all the dead,  rich as well as poor, are'buried at public  expense. Coffins and all other necessary  articles are furnished on application to  certain undertakers designated by the  Government. Everything connected with  , tho interment is absolutely gratuitous,  including the grave and the religious  service. All classes avail themselves freely  of the law,  Appropriations are made for the medical inspection of the body, for advertising  the funeral, for the coffin and dressing of  tho corpse, for tho funoral procession aud  hearse, for opening ami closing the grave  and for putting up and ' numbering the  headboard. Furthermore, tho grave must  he ornamented by growing plants in a  modest way at the expense of tho community, but the bereaved family has the  privilege of adding to such decorations. A  special law provides for the payment, of  subsidies by the cantonal Government to  the communities iu cases of epidemic.  In the Canton of Glarus strangers as woll  as citizens are buried at the exponso of the  State.    The grave, too,   must  be  kept in  '.proper condition for a term often  years.  The cemetery is tho'property of  the community, and   is plnoed under tho  care of a  superintendent, who arranges   for and conducts funerals,keeps a register of thegraves,  which are numbered cousecutively.aud sees  that they are properly marked and kept in  order.    Tho coffins aro to be made of pine  wood, and after a model   prescribed by the  authorities, who establish a uniform  price  for thorn.    The  graves  follow    each other  in regular order, according to date of burial  in uniform  rows, and the dead  are all laid  side by  side,   without   distinction   as   to  standing in life or religious belief. Children,  however, on account of the smaller size  of  their graves,   aro  buried  apart  from   the  adults.    In caee religious services aro dispensed   with by request, bells are tolled iu  the customary fashion and the Recorder of  Life Statistics reads at tho  grave the personal record of the defunct.    Officials and  employes at burials are forbidden to receive  gratuities.      Wherever    free   burial    has  been introduced   in  Switzerland the principle has  been   adopted   that, inasmuch as  death makes all men  equal, there ought to  be ,no distinction in the  irilorments of (ho  departed,    It is assumed   that all citizens,  high nv l-iw, rich or poor, will avail themselves of the provisions of  the  enactment,  and that all funerals shall he equally plain  ���������And   unostentatious.  MYSTERY OF -A DIAMOND RUG.  " Jack Bolton and George Staynor were  boys together. Approaching the twenties  they became inseparable, and when Jack  started housekeeping with a matchless  piece of femininity, George ,was a constant  visitor at that temple of domestic bliss.'1  Now, Jack and George were-a pair of  opposites. Jack succeeded in everything ;  George was an uncompromising failure. It  was Jack who carried off all the honors at  college, Jack whose recitations aud songs  were received at the smoking concert with  such favor. '.  Jack, whose little flyers in the stock  market always came off as anticipated. On  the contrary, George had an invariable way  of having his fondest aspirations crushed.  He was'the Jonah in the football team'and  the hoodoo of his business associates. It  depressed him ; he booame cynical and forgot how to laugh. Allthis changed, however, when , one day Lena Goldthwaite  smiled on him. He began,to think fato  was capricious, yet was not one-sided in its  decrees, and life became very sunny,indeed  for Mr. George Staynor, more especially as  Lena was pretty and Lena had a rich  maiden aunt'whose will was drawn. in her  favor. ' '  In an.unlucky momeut he introduced his  life-long friend,-Mr. Jack Bolton,,and the  fair but fickle Lena smiled on' him no more.  When a year after she became Mrs. .Bolton, poor George took to cultivating a taste  for the cup that cheers'with a most'.demoralizing effect on his person, his pocket-  book and his morals.  ' Whether Mrs.' Jack Bolton had'a������little  twinge of conscience or not nobody knows,  but it is a fact that she played the part of'  the Good Samaritan, and she and her hus*  band sot about to reclaim their friend from  the jaws of a certain very warm place, with  the'reEult that Mr. Staynor was a frequent  visitor at their house.  Now, Mr/Bolton was renowned,,among  other things, in the possession of a magnificent diamond ring. It was really a,famous  stone, worth, perhaps,' fourteen or fifteen  hundred dollars, aud it,had often been the  theme of several caustic remarks by that  trustee of ill-luck, Mr. Staynor., ,  Ho would' hold ic was a crime for some  people to be clad in purple and fine linen  and be bejewelled when others were starving. He even went so far as to point out  that poverty, was an excuse ior any crime,  and starvation should steal rather than go  hungry, nud be justified therein.  All thiB I iearned some time after my  connection with this story, and when I  made the" acquaintance of Mr. George  Staynor, but I will put the rest of it as told  me by that gentlemen.       . < !"   ' -  "I had always hated 'the sight of that  diamond riiig ; it had a peculiar fascination  for me. I would watch the play of the  light around the'stone come and go; I  would see- its prismatic hues dance in and  out until it seemed to mo like a, living  thing, glaring at me, mocking me in my  poverty and wretchedness, while its owner  sat there, calm, content, happy with all  that the-world could give him' in love,  honor aud wealth. ' ,  /" What wonder, with the. consciousness  that my life was's failure ; that the only  woman I had cared for was the wife of that  man, I felt the world was put of joint?      '  "All of a sudden, one evening, when I was  looking at it,'as usual, it flashed across my  mind why not possess it?' I was in great  straits for money at the time, and it was  easily enough; there were a thousand opportunities to take it, and who   would suspect  "That night we were playing billiardB.  He had had his usual luck, I mine. I was  incensed, mad, and'when he left the ring  lying on the marble basin, after washing  his hands, I took it.  " It was mine, mino at last ! I hardly  waited for the store to open next day ; I  might easy have been taken for a thief in  my anxiety, but I did not think of that. 'I  placed it upon the counter; I saw the peculiar smile of the jeweller as, he said,  'This is not a diamond ; it is nothing but  paste.'        , ���������  " I was dumb-founded. . I examined it,  and sure onough the beautiful brilliancy  had vanished ; it w.is nothing but a clear  piece of common crystal. ��������� I was staggered.  Even in Lhis the curse of my life clung to  tne. But one night in my possession and'  the diamond had changed to paste I  " I'doterniined to return it. Of course it  was my intention to do so without being  discovered, but oh, what a weary,day it  was 1 The thing burued in my pocket, and  I longed to throw it away, yet a desire to  see-if it would regain its brilliancy overpowered me.  " At last the evening came. With a feeling of considerable nervousness and inner  excitement I entered tho drawing-room,  only to receive another stagger, tor in its  usual place on the hand of .lack Boltou was  thediamondring, flashing in the brilliantly-  lighted room with all its old fire.  " I felt in my pocket; there was the ring I  had taken safely enough.  " Then there must be two rings, evidently, and one was genuine, the other imitation, and, with my usual luck I had taken  the worthlets one.  " ' What's the matter with your ring V 'I  ventured to say, / t never saw it look so  bright.'  " ' Ah ? thereby hangs a tale,' said Jack.  ' Some time siuce I was troubled by a feeling that sonio one was watching for an  opportunity to steal my ring.'  "I looked up quickly���������did he know?"  ," ' I tried toshake the impression off,' he  continued, ' hilt without success,and finally  I,gave up wearing it. But I had had it so  many years that I was really uncomfortable without it.  . " 'Then it occurred to mo,to have a  duplicate made, that I might .wear ou  occasions when there was some risk of los-  ine it, owiDg to the society I might be  thrown amongst in my political work.  " ' One night I was going to a dinner  and I wanted to wear the real stone, but a  voice seemed to whisper to me to wear the  other.  " 'During the evening I suddenly missed  my ring. I could not account,for its disappearance in any way, but gone it was.  ������" Of course, the valuo was so slight  that I was not troubled on that account,  but I did speculate in my mind as to how I  had lost it, and, if stolen, who was the  thief.  *��������� ' That night I had a dream. I saw my  ring lying on a dresmig-table, The occupant of the room was asleep, but I went  to his bedside and shook him until he  awakened, and he sat up in bed.  "'But only for a   moment, for, the in  stant he saw my face he uttered a sharp  scieam, and buried himself beiieath the  clothes.  " His was the face of one of my warmest  friends, a man I had helped many a time  along the rugtjed road of his life. I reproached him for his unfaitnfulness, and  just then awoke to find it only a dream.  " * The ne-ct day, however, a messenger  brought in a package containing my ring.  The hand that penned my address was that  of my friend. I had another experience of  a very similar kind, and again I dreamed of  the thief, and once more some mysterious  power seemed to compel him to return it  to me.  "' I was wondering as you came in  whether I was to have a third experience,  for to-day 1 have missed my ring again.  Lost or stolen, I can't tell which, but I  shall know in my dreams to night.' "  " The conversation mu6t have made me  ghastly white, for they both remarked'it.  " Certainly, mine was not a ploasant  position. I became absent-minded, thinking  of this singular coincidence, for I could not  call it anything else." And yet, supposing  he should dream of me as the thief 1 . He  was a sensitive fellow, and in my nervous  stateanythmg seemed possible. ' I^repeat,'  ,1 must havo looked pretty bad, for both  Mr. and Mrs. Bolton insisted I was ill,  and further, that I must occupy the spare  room./ I was too, weak to argue the point;  besides, I often stayed oyer night with  them, so I gave in to their wishes.  " As soon aa'l reached rny room I locked  the door, and, to make doubly sure of  seclusion, I rolled a chest " of drawers  against it,,  "Tho chimney was a'largebne: IpuBhed  the wash-stand against it. Entrance by  the window was impossible, io'Iwent to  bed feeling safo against any visitors, unless  they were of that ghostly character defying  doors and brick^walls.  ��������� " But 1 was nervous ; I felt my heart  thumping with the restless monotony of a  dynamo engine, and besides, my faculties  all seemed abnormally acute.- fstartod at the  slightest sound,and the room seemed full of  shadows, that every now and then I would  fashion into shapes more or less substantial.  " At length 1 arose and re*lit the gas.  The light reassured me, and under its more  comfortable influence I dozed off.  " But I was soon awakened by having  my name called. I' opened my eyes and  looked around. At first I could see nothing  but the room with its familiar'furniture..  Presently, however, I made out a sort of  film, a luminons shadow, as it were iu the  room. ' As I watched,' with an intensity  that was agonizing, I felt the perspiration  pouring off me and'my heart beat as  though it would break with every pulsation.   >  " Ab I watched I fancied the film had  grown more dense. I'could no longer see  through it the furniture of the room immediately behind it. ,.  " It was horrifying. Slowly, oh, so'  slowly, the shadow darkened. Now it was  the outline of a human form ; yes, the  outline was sharp and distinct. I could  see the features gradually come into life.  Whose face could it be ? Great heavens !  Not Jack Bolton's. I looked at the door.  The chest of drawers was still where I had  placed it, so was the other  furniture..  "I turned to look at the figure, and as I  did so the full light of life seemed to come  into the face. His"eyes���������Jack's eyes���������looked at me with a sad and reproachful expression in them that hurt me more than a  torrent of abuse could possibly have done.  It was more thin I could bear. With a cry  I could notsurpress,I darted out of bed,ana  the figure vanished. I did not hesitate a  moment. I put on my clothes^ crept'silently down the stairs, aud out of the house,  never to see Jack Bolton and his wi'e again.  But you wonder why I drink���������you wonder  I am so prematurely old. Think,realize if  you can,the tortures I suffer asnight comes  around and lam alone,"1  Jack Bolton recovered his ring, but 'at  the price of the severance of a friendship of  many years' standing. Once again,, in the  dream state the thief was discovered. The  nervous fluid in each man was so highly  concentrated that the mind of each, being  directed towards the other, a thought picture was created which,' in Staynor's case,  cans ad the appearance of the ethereal  double of his friend, Jack Bolton.  TOBOITU PUBLIC SCHOOLS.  SOME EXTRACTS FROM THE SCHOOL  INSPECTOR'S REPORT.  Iiircrmatlnn Aiioul lhe Torojilo Schonlg  una Pupil-,���������S;ig-;c������llve ri^nrcs���������Increase or AMen-luiice Over Lust Year-  Cost of lhe Kindergarten System.  The annual report of the Toronto Public  School Board has jus& been issued. It shows  that during IS94 the total number of pupils  registered was 4,371 in the kindergarten,in  the other classes 28,877, of whom 1,265  were promoted from the kind^rgarteu.  The average daily attendance was in the  kindergarten 1,809;'in the other classes  21,129..  The largest number, 26,917, was registered iu October, and the smallest number,  24;'7S2 in 'June.  The average monthly registered number'  was 25,93(5. This shows an increase compared with laBt year of 1,105.     ' "0  DufTerin'school has the largest registered  attendance, '1,121, Ryerson-is second with  1,119, and Lansdowno third with 1,034.  , There were 475  teachers and 9S kiuder-  gartners employed iu the schools of Toronto   not  during  the past year in  addition  to the  special teachers.  There are two music teachers and one  drill instructor engaged,in special teaching.  i Sixty-six teachers hold  firat-cla3a certi-^  ficatea.and 409 second class.  There, was one new kindergarten, opened  in IS94 in Ro'seaale. .This makes 37 kindergartens in all. The total number registered  in the kindergartens during, the year waB  4,371 ; the average of 'monthly registered  numbers-was 2,346, and the average of  monthly average numbers was 1,877.  The total amount paid to kindergartuers  for salaries in' 1S94 was $25,237.91.  The total amount paid for Kindergarten  supplies was $1,771.05:  The total cost of kindergartens for  salaries and supplies was $27,00S.99.  Thc'cost per pupil on the basis of total  enrolment'was $6.18 for salaries  and  sup-  o  plies.       i  The cost per pupil on the basis of .average j able warlike resources of India, and to her  monthly number was $11.51 for salaries and vast mercantile marine, would Bu(fice,to  supplies.       '      ' '  The salaries of caretakers amounted to.  S23.51S.34. '.    '     -' r    s~  RESERVE FORCE OF BRITAIN.  The YaHt I'rcuiiiar}* ItCHOurciN of tlie I'll),  inrelf She Were Driven liilo War  For the information of cranky tail-  twisters it may be useful to show some of  the resources of that Empire upon which  the sun never sets. Unreflecting people  are apt to forget that Great Britain, with  less than one-half its present population,  and with India then a drag���������and not ui now  a reserve���������overcame Napoleon, then in his  ride of place. He disposed of, and skil-  ully administered, the resources of France,  Italy, Belgium, HVand, Switzerland, and  part of Germany ; but on the English side,  although there was bull-dog tenacity, gov  ernmental and administrative skill ���������were  lacking.  The childish and mischievous conduct'of  the State of Nioaragua in outraging British  subjects, and refusing reparation until  forcibly oompolled to do so, has given an  opportunity ( for the' minority of tail-  twisting cranks across the lino��������� who are  tho laughiug-stojk of sensible Americana���������  to make a public exhibition of themselves.  The New York Nation, their loading  literary-political journal, ridicules such  men. It justly observes that " nations do  arbitrate itibulta." Common sense  teaches that if A strikes and robs B that is  no fit subject for arbitration, but ono to be  decided by superior force, namely,  THE ARM  OF JUST1CK.  The Nation sarcastically observes that the  discussions upon the affair in and out of  Congress "have been worthy of the lunatic  asylum." <  In a recent issue attention was drawn to  the fact that,'including British India���������but  excluding all the colonies���������England wields  the resources of 259,000,000 ot subjects, or  fifteen times as 'many as .when she faced  Napoleon. ]Her position therefore'is vastly  stronger,' both actually and relatively,- to  what it was in the early part of the century. The'London Igponoriiiat has recently  drawn attention to olittle known fact,showing the vast pecuniary resources at the- immediate command of Great Britain if she  was driven into war. ' Nowadays wars are  swift in their course, aud therefore those  nations that have large means, immediately available, have a great advantage. The  Economist explains what will he a surprise  to almost all, that England has a practical  reserve of ������200,000,000 immediately available, which, owing to the enormous utiliz-  LOADING AN OCEAN LINER.  Tlie   Immense   Ainoiuif of   Grain   These  lliise Vessels Can. Carry.'  To watch the loading of grain, either  from an elevator or a lighter, into one of  the mammoth vessels engaged in its transportation, is to witness one of tho chief  operations in the movements" of the world's  commerce. It "is carried in long pipes  with a founnel-shaped movable appendage  at tho end, which is shifted by mean3 of a  rope from one part of the hold to another  according as the stream ot grain fills up the  spaces reserved for it. The grain flows into  the vessel with the noise and velocity of a  torrent, and sends a dense volume of dust,  and chaff upward, obscuring the depths beneath and making the men attending thc  stowage below look like ghosts in the rising  mist.  The "trimming" of the grain in the  holds is an important part of its storage.  After several thousand bushels have streamed into the hold, a dozen or more men are  delegated to shovel tho dowupouring  column in between the vessel's beams, a job  for which they are paid at the rate of lo a  minute. In vessels of the Cunard stripe,  it token between i'2,000 and 15,000 bushels  to fill a hold, and these vessels average  50,000 bushels in the total cargo. Ships  carrying grain alone can takoashigh i-Bl25f-  (J00 buoheis, aud when it is considered that  from -1,000 to 7,000 bushels can be stored  in an hour, every forty bushels weighine a  ton, an idea can bo had of the force of the  torrent directed into the vcosel.  Large vessels have four or five holds, and  a distinction is made in storing the cargo  in them. Grain, from its compact and  dead weight, is reserved mostly for the  center cf the vessel while cured provisions  are packed as tar forward and as far aft as  possible, for their better preservation from  tho heat of the ship's fire3. In some vessels,  like the great Cunarders, which carry  passengers as well as freight, the heaviest  weight is stored in the lowest hold ; this  is to steady the vessel and is called in the  technical parlance of the stevedore, "stiffening" the ship. It takes about 1,500 tons  to "stiffen" a great Cuuarder, aud when  this is done the lower hold is fastened and  battened down cud work is beguu on the  next.   ' (  The cost per pupil in the kindergartens  od the basis of total enrolment  was $6.72  for  salaries   and supplies,   fuel  and care-  taking, j  , The cost per pupil in the   kindergartens I  on the basis  of'averago  monthly   number;  was   $12.51 for salaries, supplies, fuel and  caretaking.  ' Gladstone avenue kindergarten is the  largest, it3 registered attendance being SO  and average attendance 75. o Dutlerin's  registered attendance is 84 and average 6S.  Borden's 83 and 63.    ��������� ,  " The report suggests that a joint kindergarten be opened for the Boys' and Girls'  Homes, both, having petitioned for the  same. ... ,.     .   ���������  'The question of manual training has  occupied the attention of the School Board  at intervals for some years. It has again  been considered, and with more favour  than at'any previous time.    ���������  As the law stands tho Board has not  authority to extend the work of manual  traiuing beyond the Kindergarten, which is  the best possible foundation for a more  extended Bystem of.manual training. A  proper system should include all pupils in,  attendance at the Public schools, girls as  well as boys.  An extension of the Bystem of manual  traiuing is at great length advocated in the  report. -    ,.  The night school session, 1S93-9-J, opened  with 32 classes, of which 27 continued to  the end of the session, March 30, the others  having been closed owing to small attendance. ,The session 1S94-95 opened October  1st with 29 classes, a  Bathurst street night school had an  attendance of 145 andX Parliament street  school 138. The total registered attendance  was 1,063 and the total average attendance j  692. In 1S80, when the nighoschools were^  established, there were 10 teachers, and the  schools cost $2,096 for(the six months'  session. Last year there were 29 teachers  employed and tho expenditure was $1,9S9.  Tne registered attendance at the Victoria  (Boys) Industrial School at Mimico last  year was 261.1 " .  The total amount spent in. the maintenance of the Victoria Industrial School  during the, year ending September 30th,  1S94, was $32,60-1.59. '   -  The principal sources of income were :  Municipalities, $20,351.91 ; Ontario Government grant, $0,596.30.  Tho registered astendance at the Alexandra (Girls) Industrial School last year  was 32. ^  '  The number at present in the school is  24. Nine pupils have been admitted during  the year, and eight have left tho institution;  four of these have returned to their homes,  and four have been placed in homes.  Tlie expenditure for the year ending September 30lh, 1894, was $3,972.60.  Tho 'total cost of the free text books  issued in IS94 was $2,101.98. *  The total cost of supplies, including work  books, exercise bookE, bookkeeping blanks,  equip and place 400,000 men in the field in  J.any, part.of. the i world.  ,    THIS'  PECUNIARY    RESOURCE   '  arises thus:    There     a fixed sum of ������25,-  ,' 000,000 auually allotted in the budget to pay  I the interest of'the national debt, and   also  to'reduce the.amount.    The'inlerost is less  than ������19,000,000, so that every year   there  remains   a    balance   of = over    ������6,000,000  sterling 'towards   diminishing   the   debt:  During the last two years- it has been   ro*  duced by ������12,718,000, which is at the .rate  of ������6,359,000 per annum.    The   economist  explains that if a great war loan ,was necessary the latter sum would pay the interest  jnon a loan of   ������200,000,000  without   the  slightest increase of taxition.    This would  enable the Empire to   promptly  exert' its  full strength.    The ^circulation  of such   a  vast sum would make   hundreds of   thousands busy, and thus, by preventing discon-  I tent, would indirectly add to the" national,  ^effectiveness.    So far as can   be seen   there  I is now no fear of a great war, but the more  j thee vast   resources of   Great Britain   are  realized the greater is the security for con-  I tinued peace.    What additionally increases  its likelihood  is the   fact that the Liberal  leader   and   Foreign   Secretary are    both  masculine-minded    statesmen.      Patriotic  -rien of all  parties felt   it as a relief   when  Lord Rosebery   became Foreign   Minister,  Mr. Gladstone's  retirement has   increased  the likelihood of permanent peace.  How to Raise Ducks.  A writer who thinks unlimited water, a  bad thing for young ducks, recommends  the following treatment for them: "Ducks  are easily hatched, and if properly managed  they are easily raised much more so than  chickens or turkeys. Probably the worst  thing for ducklings is the first thing they  usually receive, and that is unlimited  range and water to swim in. The little  things are in a measure, nude, and should  be kept in pens "with dry soil floors or  sione pavements that can bo washed down  daily. No kind of poultry will succeed on  bare boards'. All the water they need is  best furnished by burying an old pot in the  ground and laying a round pioce of board  on top of the water with room for the  ducks to stick their heads in and fish out  the corn that is put in the water. This  amusea them and does no harm, while, if  allowed to go . off to ponds ' or streams,  they aro very, liable to fall a prey to vermin  in some shape, or to get their bodies wet  and chilled from remaining too long in the  water. Their peiiB must be kept clean if  they are expected to thrive.  Too Harsh.  dictation books,   business forms,  drawing i  books, writing  books, slates, paper,   etc.,  was $0,630.54.  The cost per pupil for text books on tho  basis of monthly attendance, omitting kindergarten pupils, was 9 1-2 cents  Starting- a Balky Horse.  An officer of tho police detail in a   largo  ' city said recontly: " When I was n mounted  ' policeman I learned of a most humane and  | kind   method of curing a  balky horse.    It  | not only never fails,  but it does not give  the slightest pain to tlio animal. When the  horso rofuses to go take  tho front  foot at  tho fetlock, and  bond the  leg at tho   knoo  joint.    Hold it thus for throe minutes, and  let it down,  and   thc   horse will go.  only way in  which   I can account for  UNDOING MARRIAGE 7l������S.  y i   < ,  t.reitJ liici'i'iise <>r Divorce In Franco ���������  I,aws> of IHvoi-re In Egypt, R:ilj>Ion,  and Biirntiili���������Sluslai'xl ll.'i*. Fcwext  Iklvixrrct.  The question of divorce seems to be  agitating pretty nearly, every civilized  country in th'e world just now.  The French statisticians, have tackled'  the subject, and show the extent to which  divorce has grown in France. From 1SS1  to 1894 applications for divorces in France  have exoeeded 45,000, of which 40,000  havo been granted. M. Naquet, in urging  the passage of the divorce law in France,  optimistically predicted that it would prevent many ruptures, and ' that married  couples would remain more firmly united  from the fact'that their tie would not be  compulsory. Unfortunately, exactly the  contrary was tlie result. 'Iho first ' year  after tho law was passed showed 1,700  divorces ; last yeir there was over' 8,000.  When separations alone were pormitted  thoy only readied 3,000. While in 1S82,  tho proportion was only 1 in 1,000, to-day  it is 25 iu 1,000.  From the history of divorce it appears  that the proportion of unhappy marriages  increases from tho day divorce is legalised  in a country.1 It appears among people of  the highest civilisation at the period of  their decadence ; from that time can bo  dated a retrogade, movement in morals.  In Egypt the law authorised no divorce,  except in certain cases. Infidelity was  punished severely ; the man received 1,000  stripes, and the "  woman's' nose was cut. -  In'Babylon a public auction of all the girls  of a marriageable ago was heldouoo a year.  The untying of these knotB was even more  simple. ,,    ,  India recognises certain causes for divorce  in Burmah the'women, when marrying,,do  not take their husband's names, but rotain  thBirown, with the addendum of " wife of  So aud So.", This makes it convenient for -  them to assume their previous status in  public knowledge when they, come to bo  divorced, as they are very likely to be, for -  divorce is easy iu that couutry. >   ,  If a Burmese wife and husband quarrel  and determine"to. separate, tho wife, who  always does all the marketing, goes out  aud buys two little caudles of equal length,  which are made especially, for their use. .  She brings them home. r Sho and her hus- '  band sit down ou the floor, place the candles  between them, and light them simultaneously. One stands for him, the other for  her^ Tho one whose candle burns out first  rioeB and - goes out of the houso forever,  with nothing but what he or she may have  on. . The. other takes all the property. '  This looks fair onough on the face of it, but  it'often happens that the wife,'ou her way  home with the candles, takes  A TINY SCRAI'IN'O  from the bottom of one of them. A very ,  little will be enough. If tho husband and  the house are empty of protty much every  thing but children, she takes the shortened -  candle^and'walks out free aud content.  But if tho house is well furnishod, and tho  husband's possessions are considerable, ho  gets the short candle and does the-walking.  -  The law of Mahomet admits of divorce���������  though it is very littlo resorted to by the  Mahometans���������but exacts four months' re; .  flection on the part of the husband before'  sending tho letter of repudiation, which iu  this case is called tetoik boin���������a temporary  repudiation is called tetoik rid jee, which ,  is used as a forewarning. ' .  The nation which grants fewest divorce?  is England. A special court���������the court for  divorce and matrimonial cases���������copes with  all matrimonial difficulties. Divorce can bo .���������  obtained for "criminal conversation," and is  denied for personal injuries and neglect. A  rupture of the marriage tie is granted only  for infidelity, and thiB is known to the t  court as the " specific remedy;1'       , r  Switzerland grants more divorces than  any other country. Sinoa the federal law ,  of 1S74 was passed the proportion has risen  from *17 to 1,000. < In Sweden since 1831,  in Holland since 1851 and in Saxony since  the Federal law of 1875, the proportion has  doubled and even tripled. In Belgium ir  has multiplied sixfold.  Tho  this  The cost  per pupil  for supplies on   the 'j effective mastery of the horso is that, he can  basis of total enrolment, omitting   kinder  garlen pupils, was 23 cents.  The cost per pupil for supplies on the  baeis of average monthly attendance omitting kindergarten pupils, was 25 1-2 cents.  The cost per pupil for both text books  and supplies on tho basis of average monthly attendance, omitting kindergarten pupils,  wad 35 cents.  The cost per pupil for text books, supplies and kindpri'arten material on tho  basis of total enrolment was 34 cents.  think of only ono thing at a time, and  , having inado up hie mind not to go, my  'i theory is that the bending of tho leg  takes  bis mind from thc original thought."  t  see  any  except to  way to  have a  Fair Devotee���������I don'  raise our church debt,  lottery.  Minister (shocked)���������That, will never have  my .-"motion, inadame, never, unless you  call it hy some other name.  Them That Has, Gits.  They were two women and they sat  opposite. Said thc fat woman in the green  gown :  Did you hear about the money Mrs.  Smith's uncle left her ?  Why, has sho had more money left her?  asked the woman in tho black bonnet in a  discontented way. That's the third timo  since I've known her.  Yes, aetented the green gown- with a  gigh, "it's just, the tjoripliin.. nu^.'ng���������  Tlietn that has, gits., \ a'^  A Protest.  Bobby had beon served with a very  small share of paltry, and he was doing  his beet, to smother his resentment of the  discrimination.  "I'm very mnch afraid," his mother  said, "that this pio needs moro shortening."  "Mamma," said tho boy in an audiblo  undertone, "that isn't what " my pioce  needs."  "I n't it?"  "No'm.    My piece needs  lengthening?'  The Deadly Eleetric Wire.  A despatch from Cleveland, O., says :������������������  People passing along .Ontario street  Monday night were startled by tho piercing shrieks of a woman, which came fro-.i  tho roof of a restaurant^ known as tin  "Now Wright House." Looking in tho  direction from which the cries came, they  saw a woman entangled in tho telep' one  and electric l'ght wires, 40 feet above tho  ground. Her clothing was on fire, and she  was loudly culling for help. Several men  ran up the stairs leading to the roof, nud  Thomas Bell ascended by the fire escApe.  Bell roached the terrified woman ai soon  as the other men, and together they rescued  her from her perilous posiiion.'. dust as  they had succeeded in freeing her Bell  caught hold of one of tho wires with his  hands. In an instant ho was writhing wi th  pain. .Somebody had the presence o; mind  to cut the wire, but. that did not save Bell.  Ho fell head downward to the tiro escape,  a eoil of wire being about his hips, aud  holding him suspended in tho air. He  screamed for help, and for a lime it seemed  that, he would be burned to death, the  llamos playing about his body. He was  finally releusod, aud with tho wonmu was  dent to a'hospital.  The latter will die.  Tho Spanish War Office announces that  tho reinforcement of ten battalions of  infantry and other troops intended for the  Island of Cuba will leave Spain next Mon-  ,  England's Oldest Colony.  Newfoundland was discovered in 1-197  by .John and Sebastian Cabot (or Cahotto)  talians, settled aud trading in Bristol,  foreigners prepared to do yeoman scrvico  for their adopted laud. The Cabots went  out in the ship Matthew at their own  charges, and on St. John's Day (June 21)  first sighted the shoro, to which they gave  tho name of Prima Tierra Vista���������"first  teen land." Henry VII. gave the bold  mariners his "ietters patent," which authorized l hem to set up the Royal Standard,  and secured the stingy King a share iu  their profits without involving him *n any  share of their expenditure." Selnel'incsa  and greed prevented tho speedy permanent  settlement of tho island, and have always  stood in the way of its development t'rom  a basis of sound   prosperity.  How many peoplo live on tho reputation  of the reputation they miah^h;..ve made.-.-  Holmes.  rOW  -  r^-U'.W^'j.i-.J .  ?*.n������VH������������i������w>  i*s.K*������������'nwMt--ni 'Wr f PAGE L  THE KOOTENAY MAIL.  on  Tuesdnvi  Clli-is. M! Field  BIRTH.  Field.���������At Clanwilliam,  July 0, 1S95, the  wife  of :i daughter.  MARRIED:  MUJtPHY��������� CoNNACHKR���������At.Re velstoke  on Thursday, July 11,  1805, by Rev.  Father  Peytavin",  Es. N. Murphy, of  'Ilussl-.mil, to Margaret. Connacher, of  Golden.  DURATION- OF A MINING LEASE  Determined by Judge Spinks in the  County Court.,.  At the sitting of the Count}* Court  at Nelson    on   Wednesday   last   week  His Ilonor   .Judge   Spinks   delivered  ,   the following,judgment in   the   Early  '  Bird case :  ,   "The facts'of the   case   are   undis-  jniU'd and very   -shortly   stated.    The  -���������   defendant     locatPd--and    lecorded    a  mineral claim,, lio   did    tlie   re'-iiii-ed  assessment work-, but did   not,   record  tlie assessment work   until    the   anniversary of tlie date of the record.  '.   '    " It is contended    by   tlie   jilaintifl  jtliiit the recording of   the   assessment  work was not done   within    the   first  '    year of the defendants holding   of   the  -   claim nnd t lint'therefore  he   had   forfeited all rights tinder his record.''  After i-uoting sections 2-1 and .'U of  the Mineral Act J lis J Ionor continued:  "TIib question therefore   settles    it-  .   self'down to this- when does   the   first  year of a tenancy expire?    This   seems  to have'been .settled   by   the   case   of  Ackland vs.    Lui ley   9 A & K S79, in  which Lord Demnan savs "the general  understanding is that terms for  years  last during the whole   anniversary   of  ,    the day from which they are granted."  This case was followed in the   Ontario  case of McCallum vs. Snvd'er, 10 C. P.  '191/     '   '  ��������� "My judgment,therefore is, that the  tfirst year ot" the free   miner's tenancy,  \vhich,e\ve have seen,   is   declared   by  .the Mineral Act to bo equivalent to a  tenancy from -year to  year,   does   not  expire until the, end of the anniversary  of the/date of the record and therefore  that the certificate of ��������� work   being   recorded on such    anniversary' was   re-  " corded in time to prevent a forfeiture."  . In an elucidative comment  on  the  above decision, the Nelson Miner says:  "It will be remembered that at the  last session of the County.' Court   Mr.  StroUick sought to  obtain    possession  of the'Early Bird    mineral   claim   on  the plea that the  owner,    Mr.   J.    L.  Kettallaek,   had    not     recorded     hi.s  ���������.assessment work within   a   year .from  the date of recording the   claim.'"   The  ��������� claim was recorded oil the'Sth of May  sincl the assessment   was   recorded   on  .    LOCAL HAPPENINGS.  Thus. Kilpatrick, C.P.R. bridge superintendent.,. has commenced the  erection of a new residence on First  sti eet. '   '     '-  Service will be held at the Presbyterian Church fo-inorrow evening at 7:30  p.m. by   Mr. Guthrie   Perry.    Sunday  School at 2.  ' '  We are requested to state that the  English Church choir will meet for  'practice at the school house legularly  on'Fiiday evening of each week at 8  o'clock.  A change of 'current has caused considerable damage to the new''!nidge  across the Illecillewaet. Two men  have been engaged for a week past repairing the damage.  The. Fpworth League elected office rs  for the ensuing term at ihcir meeting  la.ifc Wedne-iday. The meeting night  was changed from Wednesday to Monday evening.  Alf. Palmar, who'has been employed  al. the Union'Hotel for some time, has  been confined to his bed through illness  for the past week. He was removed  to'his home at Clanwilliaui to-day.  The Oddfellow's Lodge, I.O.O.K., No.  2.">, had an installation of newly elected  ollicers last, week, viz: H. S. Wilson.  NT.G., (J. Lindmai-k, V.G., O. Lewis,  Secretin y and .1. I. Woodrow-, 'Picas.  The water, owing lo the continued  warm weather, has risen very rapidly  in the river during (he past few days,  and yesterday, it registered within i\  feel, of the highest mark last year.  Judging from the festoon of smoke  which has cuitained thc beauty of the  hills hereabouts foi the past' week,  there must be a coiillagratipn of some  magnitude raging in one of our many  suburb*--.  Services wjll be held in the .Methodist  church by Rev. J. A. Wood to-morrow  morning and evening at 11 and 7.80.  Siuiday school al 2.30. .Subjects, morn-,  ing "Nathaniel;" evening "Tlie-Unknown God."  KILLED ON THE RAIL.  A   Watchman   Fatally   Injured" Near  ���������Tappen-Siding Last Night.  Ta'ppev Smi.v������, July 13.���������A fatal  accident happened last night about a  mile east of Ta'ppcn Siding, whereby  watchman Powers lost hi.s life. The  unfortunate man who has been' employed as watchman at Genelle's mill,  which is located about a mile- east of  the Siding, had gone to Salmon Arm  to participate in tho Orange demonstration hcld=thcro yesterday and, was  returning on the special from Kum-  loops. To save walking back from,the  Siding he attempted to jump from the  train while it was. passing the ��������� mill.  with the result Ihat' he was 'thrown  under the wheels and had both' legs  ciitdil' near the trunk. 'J'he train was  slopped and he was taken aboard, but  expired before Kainlnops was reached.  1 the following 8th of May. The  question was,-when did a yearlv lease  which commenced on the 8th of May  in 1S9I expire? The judge has now  "iven his decision, the gist of it being  that a mining lease does not expire  until the anniversary of the  was taken out also expires. - For instance, a lease taken out to-day. being  the Ctb day of July, 1805, does not,  expire until the end of the Gth of .1 uly.  1S9G. and assessment work being le-  corded on this latter day sa\es the  claim."  Personal Mention.  Capt. Troup came up on the Arrow  yesterday, from Nakusp, and went  vest to the coasl.  Miss Green, of Donald, is visiting  her sister. Mrs. II. Longhead, and may  I'einaiii several weeks.  Giis. W. Roche, representing the  Freemen's 'Labor Journal, of Spokane,  was in town yesterdav.  His Honor Judge Spinks came up on  the'Lytton on Thursday. Tie had been  holding county court at Nelson.  The steamer Marion had as pas.--  ungers Wednesday morning, for Trout  Lake City, Mr. and Mrs. Charle-- Abra-  hauison and Albert Stone.  Mr. M. J. Bourne made a flying tiip  to Nakusp this week going down on  the Arrow Wednesday morning, and  returning Thursday evening on the  Lytton.  Win. Martin and Xs. A. Shatford, of  Vernon, went down on- the Lytton  Thursday. They are hound for Ross-  land,, where they will inspect, the  juospect of opening branch stores. ,  J. C. Campbell,  fiii'iiiiiiiv ��������� dealer, of,  Vernon, returned from   Holland   last  Sunday and is so favorably   impressed  with tin* town thai he iiit-md* op..mug '  ���������i More there.  Mr. J.    I).   Sibhald   started    I'm-    the'  Laideau district on Wednc-d.iv, where  lie has miiiiutc interests.    Mis   Sibhald '  iimj Ma si ei* Jack ali-,n took   the   oppor- \  "fcimity    to   have   a   vacation   in   that  romantic: suburb of Hevelstoke.  Kdward Adair, who has been with >  the ('.P.It. culvert gang between here i  and 1\amloops for .some weeks past.,  was in town lo-day. lie reporls lhe.  crops in a good condition where v,alcr ;  can be had. He returns to camp today. I  ' A campineet.ing, injionnection with  the District Meeting of the Methodist  church, will - be held at Salmon Ann  next week, commencing on Tuesday  morning. The C.P.R. has granted .reduced rales. ,.  We havu'pleasure in acknowledging  the receipt of a basket of most'delicious  strawberries from��������� Mr. Fred. Fiaser,  taken fresh from the vines'in his own  garden. Nothing to compare in quality  with this home-grown fruit has heeir  seen in our market this season.  The police have been awaiting the  arrival of a tiamp outfit who' they  were advise'd had burglarized a house  at Vernon on Wednesday last, of some  $00 aiid sumliy articles. . But, as yet  they have not put,in an appearance.  K. Tooinlc-1 has given up,the place of  section foreman atXthe Glacier, and removed to Revelstoke in order to give  day it i his family, of several children, the.  benefit of school. Me expects soon to  be employed on the construction of the  Arrow Lake i ail way.  The trap shooting, last  Monday,   on  the grounds   of   the   Revelstoke   gun  club, resulted in   a   win   for   Jas. Edwards.   II. A. Brown   and  J. I. Wood-  I row, respectively.    Three sweepstakes  I were then shot, which texulted  us  fql-  | lows:    1st, Jas   Id I ward's   and   11.   A.  I Brown : 2nd,'J. I. Woodrow aiid Capt.  j Gore:   Hid. II.  A.   Brown   and   Capt.  ! Gore. .      '   -  I     The anniver-arv of   the    Bovne   was  LARDEAU   ECH0S.  The Lardeau country is rapidly filling up, and , the prospector is very  much in evidence.  The owners of the Badshot are  cut I ing a private trail from the Gainor  Creek trunk trail .with a view of  .shipping oie. '        ,  L. Arthur, of Victoria, who owns a  half interest in two claims of the Glen-  garry'group come iu this week and  will start lo work immediately on hi.s  assessment. , '  Win. Vickeis, with eight men, is  now operating on Gainor Creek cutting  a trunk tiail a long "I hat stream. The  trail will be between five and six miles  in length and will be carried as far , as  the Black Prince group.  Mr. McKay's little daughter, Crissy,  met with a painful mishap last week  through drinking concentrated lye in  mistake for condensed 'milk. Medical  assistance was promptly rendered and  greatly relieved the little sufferer, who.  has,,by this time, almost recovered.  -. A. If. lloldieh has closed out his  business here, and started on the  Lytton, Thmsday last, for his new  home. Mr. Holdich has practised liis  profession here, as analytical chemist'  and assayer, for more than two 3*eais,  during which tiiiie he hasL established^  a professional reputation throughout,  the province for accuracy and integrity,. He goes lo fill the "position of  chief chemist and assayei fort.be Hal.l  Mines Co., and   will   superintend   the  K *  erection, and operation of the smelter  which that company proposes building  at Nelson almost immediately. The  best wishes of his many friends'-atteud  .him in his new position.  THE   REVELSTOKE.  PHARMACY.  E Have  " Now on  Hand  'A laro-e assortment-of  ^    of Stationery of every  description.  POMEROY'S PURE INKS,' .    V.  I INCANDESCENT PENS,      ���������    -  | KURD'S IRISH LINEN.NOTE **&  j At'Regular Eastern  Prices.  I   I     I (WW RftfWs   To choose from in tlie   '    '  IUW DUUIS.3   Circulating Library..  j celebrated by I lie Orangemen   of   thi  ! district in retjui.-uion ������tyle  at   Pnlmon  '. Arm    vesterd.iv*    delegation*    heinjj  I ' - ,    -     i - ������������������  i pie.sent troni several or   the  .-'iriounu-  ! ing  towns.      Tiie   excursionists   from  ' here left hy the we^t-bound r^girbw on  ' Thur-day  "venine*.    A  lstrgr*   number  ! of p.'Opl" participated in the festivities  of the oci'.isTon. <  '     L.*',v Johii-'.)!)"-('i)loi-ed Conifdy Co.,  was ir-veted with a lar^e iiotise uu  1 Tuesday  ev^niti!^. . The   pet furman'-i",  which \v,i- of a vi-r,i'^e rpi ihty, evid.'ii!,-  ! ly amused the ,-udicnc.*,' ju'!i<in^' fn.ro  ' the applau-"   which   j_'i.-,'.- ted    -.onu*   of  tin* mu-iral number-. ' Tie- Cml.'i-  * crrnund Kaih-o.id i- rii'-rely a tlueii.l ilp-  ! on which.! niuhbi'i-of -peri.ill i'-s . ���������( the  : .sunt; and dance on|.-i arc -iruii''.  :;THE   REVELSTOKE   PHARIYSACY1  JOWETT.  Tl  ie ilelil. U.'K .11    noi-c  -i\ hicli.  and day, i������-uie I'i-oui ih" abo.b's  Chinese   iicit'lilior--',    Ihh     -ph.;  -lltl'ering ci; i'/ej) mil, ni.iL ni'<  i>  to   v. re.ik \'e|igi*;nice ;lp(in lh"ir  pal.  VII,"  '  ever   .  dr.i.v  ���������f il till l.-  uigbt  f ..in-  i ���������    ^r- A.  ' MIKING AND SEAL ESTATE BROKER.  !    '    NELSON, B. C.  i Lardeau &'Slocan Prospects Wanted.  i - HALYCON SPRINGS HOTEL >  An'ow   Lake.  r.-  now   op'.'ii    ar   thu-sp  Celebrated    Hot  -    Springs'or the ,'n I'oiiuii'iil.'itiun of Kiu^sts.  Rates 51.^0 to S2.-30 a day.   Baths 25 cents  each or five for $1.   ���������rt|i<*p,i.il r,itc< to fumiliiv  oi- hy tl.'! iiioml, en. !.' <iiT.iii!;i <1.  Duwson, Craddoclc & Co.  THE PLACE TO BIJ"^  HARDWARE, STOVES  "AND-' '   -  IS AT  KEVELSTOEE.  B_C  EIEIR   &o-  bbJ-j V t&p.  POST-OFFICE  STORE.  1? UFI11  ffS  9  en,  Medicines  And TOILET ARTICLES of every description.  Specialty  SHIRTS and SHOES:  on.*  I he.-al  -It t V ed  if Ihev do not  l.-l  up on lhe ������������������-an,  "niid-ki'tn," "uree -io." and \\ h.o -  oilier    infernal    in.M'hine-       the;,  Iho-,"    ilr-f oni.ml,      ".ir-|)litl inj.-  I'l'Olll.  :\  ,'nt.  In.-  .vs'o.vi*: w:\vi iNf;  ilS     I e.lM,     S\ ill    ll.' \ e  'iided I" ov lea v injc I 'i  \\'f)IJK done  11,   |i|;.lii|)tly  ��������� ���������ir   iwd'-rs ;it  Tpail Creek Mines.  GILBERT W. A. RANKEN,  Columbia Avenue,  Rossland,  B.C.  Slo- !��������� h  .in  If  iill-e,  JwilN .SANDS.  NOTICE.  A Warded  Iliglie.sl    Ilmiiiiv -World's    F*  V o'rrc!-  >>        Hie  '*.n.I Soili  ii  Wedding Bells at, the Victoria.  Hymen     smiled    on   a    very   pretty  'wedding   at   the     Victoria     Hotel    or:  Thurschiy afternoon,when Rev. Father  Pcytavin   .solemni'/.ed  the.  nupli.ils  of  K. N". Miirphv, ')ne of Itosslanfr.s   tiros-  p.'i-ous eiti/.ens, and Min-i (,'onnacher,of  CJolden.    Mr.-.las.   Kdwards   lie.slowed  thi'hritle on the haj>py  henedicl,.    The  bride  was assisted   hy   Afiss    (iitoy^tc  ,'Cfinnache.i while* Mr. Win. (Jowan per-  forined a similar scr vice for t,hi- groom.  The lva,ppy couple took the Lyl.lon   l.lut  -same, evening for ]/o.v)a.nd, wheie they  will ivs'ulu.'  I  ���������ll'.e.  ������ill  I PC  II'IO".  at   1  o"'  t .lift II  '" V" "  Dal,"  IH'.-).  !���������������->���������  I>  UKiM.'DV ClYKS that.  |e (jll.ll I er iul er.-~! of ivl-  in iii tin- North S'.n 1'l.ieer  .M.-Clil..i h ( leek. Hi- fiend,  (I at p'lMic .uietii.u .it t[i**  l.llfi day of Auifii'-I. 1K0."J.  oi-k. |i.m., to pay a���������-es������nji nt,  r wth i o-l. of ,idw*i l,isi*i������ ,irnl  ������������������- of -ale.  I .it   \|>.'m!!o h  (;i**e!< JnlyOUi.  1 '      r;i;.s  i,i;vi),  i tu  Mining Broker and  Financial Agent,  lied Aloiiiiliiiii ]irn|iiTlii s fur siilr la lliu \ i.iin-  Ity uf War Kiltie ami I." Iiul mini'-. I'l-uprrU.'s  ���������.Uili-il anil ii-|puilij.l on. W'i.i-U .--u|><*r\ i-ed.  Km oni" -.(Ml. Iml. AliHli-.ii Is uf title |M'ti''lirul.  .ts~.iy- al.uic. Iiitin,.tt<' IokimI'iIki.* ul llm  Cam;/.    .\i,i. CiiKicr.hi'ONiii-.si i; Stiiii'i'i.v Cu.s'-  I'll'i.NTIAI..  I       ��������� Anal  H  NOTARY   PUBLIC  H AI G  ?  RIIVIiLSTOKR,   B.C.  Mining and Keal Estate Broker and General Com-  missibn Agent.  jt>  FIRE,  LIFE AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE.  Reprcscntntive of the Kootenay Smelting' & Trading Syndicate.  ���������hjimm  NOTIC  N*  MOST, PERFECT  MADE.  A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder.   Free  from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant.  40 YEARS THE STANDARD.  Jili.  OTDK IS HMUhNY fJIVIO.V, thai,  a. sitting of the (,'oiml.y Opui'i, will  I," In ild.'ii al. I.'i'N'.-h'loke, J'5.(','., 'nu  Ki'iday, Llu' 2ed day'-of A iii;usl,,- A . f).  J.-i!)5, Xil, 10 o'clock in the forenoon.  '��������������������������� JOS.. I). OHAHAM,  .Kegi^l rar (loinil.y Court.  Ui-wl .I ok.', June 201 h. I.������l."i. !2-.")l  SsZteSSy.  TIIK ' ''  BEST AND CHEAPESTROUTE  ���������I It   AS li   CIIOM  All Eastern Points.  ,'l'liri,1114)1 Kir,l Cln^.-ili-ciiiii-*; fiinouid Toni'li-t  Sleeping ''.tr-. I<������ .SI. I'.i'il. Mi.mIU'.iIiiihI Torontu  '.vll.lioiil i-liiiiii*;*-.  REVELSTOKE TIME TABLE.  .Mlunli.  IM. IIIp-  I'A'I'i-"*-. uri ivi -.   '.i.l-'p ilnlly.  l-'iu-i fiill iiifo'riiiii.li'.." )|-������ ti) ntt.<'K.l.iiiic. do,  niMilyVl."'     . I; ���������',...'���������'  ���������        I. T-.   lirow.sler,  , '. .- ,   Agent, ���������l.tuve.lrii.oko.  (II'X). Mi-l,..HIlO\\'N,   , ',.  u '''  Ilisli-i*,l I'm���������.< iik'i'I" AKi'iil.  V.iin.oiiv ..[���������, H. ('.  ACKNT \'()l\ TKOUT LAKK CITY, KVAX.SPOltT, KASLO it NAIULSP  il  GASH IS STILL IN IT."  ���������ASK-  FOR PRJCES ON  POTATOES AND HAY BY  OR OTHERWISE AND BE CONVINCED.  He Also Handles  GENERAL GROCERIES - MINERS SUPPLIES  And Other Articles too Numerous to Mention  Address  ���������-  Revelstoke  -  Station

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