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Kootenay Mail Dec 25, 1905

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 '������ \'    "' tfr\**M Library  A\    \i     i <    ?             i  ���������J't'     A       ' ���������...<!., ������ .      -  M <SA ��������� , '<���������    '       ���������   "   ��������� *  t\ ,f   '    \  i  li/,.'  >. ���������  H; a  ,'*'  if-'1"  "X   *  ^f   f  Yt ,  i  -Vf  4*1  11������* >  ���������     >*    T- J      -��������� W<     f       -W      ���������*.  I    *l     j                       '            '               /t^    **        ������*        It          ' >--             It      r      l*-ri ��������� **                        *,     "-                          *t J         ������"           ���������"      I   I  (I                       l    !       T                         (i                                                         /    , >t,   f   -M                                                      "^                      -      '  I  '  ..   ���������       -    ?     f     - .    V     -   ' -,"    A    'V     ..-J  ���������'-    ^ n.lfI  <.,"-'                    '     '' i "      '-"   ,   J.   ^A-       i"       .*������l  -    -4 !\'-' ���������' ���������,. "YY aay ..;J  I  I  "     i-  Jhrti    .  ������/*   '  |J  *���������������������������;  pr  fa  iff  I*  ti  117.  Price 50 Cents.  ,-  ���������  .      -Revelstoke, B.C., December 25th,: 1905. Ya\A Price. 50 .CefitsY.  .yY������- \  ^  fe4������7TO R1 ^ j. r -Y', ���������   '  ,   V  SILVER.TIP FALLS, EIGHT-MILE CREEK,  REVELSTOKE, B. C.  4   s Ti ������?  * "  '   i     6*  5  j *'|  y  Wptc  "v ,,  '. \ / ���������'���������'  CHRIS TM AS -N U M B E R  a  The Christmas Number  '   ��������� .       *" , '     '     a ' '  Is Around Again  and  still we  are  doing-  business at the same old  '���������.       stand, and our volume of  business has been greater  ��������� ;;��������� in the last year than any |  previous. ... As you all  know we have anything'  a man or boy can wear, it  / is i needless to say what  we have to sell. Come  ./   and see us while in town  THE FIT=REFORM STORE  j. g: macdonaLd  EMBALMERS AND   FUNERAL   DIRECTORS  PICTURE FRAMING A SPECIALTY.  Ci B. HUME & CO;, Ltd.  .DEPARTMENT   STORE. %  DEPARTMENTS. , ./      '  ,  '"  Dry Goods'.        ��������� '  ', Groceries* r    ,   ti-   ^     .   " ,''  Millinery ' ( _ China   . '���������    ,   ��������� '    ������������������ ,    ,  'Dressmaking    f ' Glassware ? '������  ��������� f        O     -    i ��������������������������� v -i* ,'  ',    ' Haberdashery "       Wooden 'Ware"  'Men's Wear   ">, , "    ,  .,    Fruits    , j     , " "  ���������- N "'Boots 'and Shoes , House Furnishings  Miners' and Camp,.Supplies. ���������' .     ���������    i.  .< i r '  '  SPECIALTIES.      ''-'.,;.       ,  ���������A-'20th    CENTURY   CLOTHING.   '   ������������������      - -   ,,  The    acme   of perfection  is .hisjh-class tailored '  , "        .        clothes. , ' '- - <    *  SLATER   SHOES:     '*        .'..''".' '"  .    Men    for ' shoe    economy,  -foot   comfort   .and   ���������  satisfaction  wear ' the"   Slater    Shoe.    " Standard  >''- -.      priced "' Union   made.    -. - .''",���������''.  LADIES'   COSTUMES..-?-,        -    .'    LADIES'   MlLLINERVi."  '���������i   i-  G.   B.   HUME    and.,'CO.,  .     DEPARTMENT . STORE;-'  R. Howson  and Co.  Oyster Bay Restaurant  This is now the finest conducted  Restaurant in Revelstoke  GOOD TABLES  MODERATE CHARGES p  Opposite Howson's  Furniture Store. McKenzie Avenue, REVELSTOKE, B. C  FURNITURE,  CARPETS..  LINOLEUM.  REVELSTOKE, B.C.  BBBBB  IF1.   IB.   "WELLS,  HATS.   CAPS.   BOOTS   AND   SHOES.  MEN'S   FURNISHINGS,  STATIONERY. TOILET AND FANCY ARTICLES.  DEALER   IN    RAW    FURS.  Revelstoke, British Columbia.  PICTURESQUE REVELSTOKE  A portfolio of illustrations of tlie City ,of Revelstoke and  surrounding district. The publication -is printed on Photo  Book Paper and contains over 100 of the choicest scenic, mining",  lumbering, railroading and other views of the "Wonderland of  America," the Mountains of British Columbia, with a letterpress  description of the principal features, industries and resources of  the district. ' ��������� '  Price $1.00. At all Stationers and News Dealers or from the  Publisher?.  THE  KOOTENAY   MAIL  REVELSTOKE, B  C  D. MeGAGHRAN & CO.  c  .lust the place you want tu purchase your Xmas presents.  SMOKER'S REQUISITES A,SPECIALTY  STATIONKHY KltKSIt FRUITS-  ARRO'WHEAD, B. C. '���������T������  ������  Hf1    _���������  >Yi#  /Ya *  CHRISTMAS NUMBER  t  0  '    <.  -I rricei.50.Lents.'  Rl\ elviokl, B.X.,������ December J25, .1905.  Price 50 Cents.  Ik <  XL'  MP  IH  IP'  A' MERRY CHRISTMAS  '^/Igain comes round t/?et happy^morn       ,/' >-" r '  The sfa-Vioxir of the t&tortd t&as born. -    '      ,  THROUGHOUT CHRISTENDOM'  Chiistmas  Day- is'"-universally  observed us the one day -of  the  year   wh'ich should  be  the-meiriest  notonljMn  the  family circle  but in  the community.     It is the one day o������<  the year when  menr and women   aie  prone to adopt" the spirit  ofJChrist,  though for ' the   other   361  days the  noble   acts   and   thoughts ."which arc  born of that spiiit may be ignoied tor  defiantly thiown aside.   In these days  we see unfoitun.Uely too little  of the  leligion   ot   Christianity,     and     not  enough of the leligioii'of Christ.    We  see ' the   dollar-chaser   with   his two  'sides���������the one  that  makes lnm    an  active church member,  thiowing  his  eneigy.into the   woik 'of tho chinch,  especially on Sunday, 'while   on   the  othei six days of the week he is devising schemes for beating his neighbour,  giafting   on   the   rights   of the community, or selling  his   soul and  all  that he knows.to bo right and  manly  and noble in order that he may  make  a few cents.     That   same   man   will  denounce his neighbom    for  want of  public spirit, because he has pi evented  him accomplishing some 'pait of his the   latter   may   be   the man whose  grafting schemes, or will up-biaid him deeds show that he regards every day  for not going to ichuich as  regularly of  the   week   as!  Sunday and   does  as he,.foigetting that while the foimer accoidiugly.  . If some of the business  may be a Christian on Sunday, and   a men of today would  try  to carry the  social seavengei th'e'rest of  the week, Christmas spirit into their other days,  METHODIST CHURCH, REVELSTOKE.  m^S^>������w%*'''-fV'l ?   ���������     *'    '  fV*~5>'-^.- *i<^A^w<J������W,*. .-,*%- Am������������  to^^**'-, A A  METHODIST PARSONAGE, REVELSTOKE.  how much happier and nobler would  be their'work, iu^the community in  which they live ?      *   e  1, ���������* ������-      i    a * _.*     x_  This is the tune when lt-sw recognised for once in the year that'it in  more blessed'to give than to receive.  Busy fingers have been preparing  little surprises for loved ones, longing  'thoughts have been cast on the beautiful goods displayed in the store win- ���������  dows that might be 'suitable for a  token of love -01 good-will. Women  'disprove at this season the calumny  thrown on the sex and prove they can  keep a secret as they arrange ,their  little surprises against the happy day.  Every lover of humanity prays the  Christmas festival, commemorating as  it does the glad tidings of peace and  goodwill towards men, shall continue  to be observed and cherished when  other festivals are forgotten. !  l'erhaps no man does more in life to  make Christmas Day a day of cheer  than the printer and publisher. When  one gazes on the array of pretty  Christmas cards, calendars, books,  pictures which his hands have pre-  paied, his lesources prove they have  served something suitable for everybody. The printing press has done  more than anything else to remove  the buidens under which, humanity  has groaned in the pa3t and to cheer  this and all other days, till now, on  C hi 1st mas Day, (he belfries of Christen-  RBV. C. H. M. SUTHERLAND,  Tastor Methodist Church. SH  THE KOOTENAY* MAIL.  ,  ���������  ������    <  , r. r.,' '  ye  I     o \  ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. REVELSTOKE.  "lamentation and weeping and great  mourning." Let Bucb/reinembrnnccB  only be an incentive to all to recognise the responsibility of life and  tho  1 duty we owe each, other to lend a  helping cheering hand 'to our'neighbours in atlliction oi-distress. If men  ..nnd women would take this as theii  motto how difVeicnt would be life's  way' How many heaits and homes  would be encouraged in the' struggle  for existence that is' too often appa-  lcnt* How much the, community  would be the gainer ? Lifoi is cui6ed  with the "cold-blooded selfish 'piiii^1  ciples oi to day,' which  are so called  .business   principles. _ Too  often  such  ���������   piincip'cs aie begotten  of hell  itself,  though  chciibhed by some of our'so-  called Christians as if -they had   been"  ��������� pait of the Sermon on the Mount.   It  is   this' insincerity, .this    hypocrisy,  , this doublc-dcnling, this co'd-bloodcd  selfishhess on the'part of professing  Christians that builds up the stumbling blocks on the way. of life,' and  there never was a time when a fearless  press and pulpit and a high sense of  public conscience were more wanted.  Let this Christmastide then become  a revival when some will try to recon���������  cile'thcir pioaching and their practice,  and if it does it will not havo come in  vain. Wc trust that our remarks may  help to enlighten the Christmas of  some, and tend to make others think  of their duty to their neighbouis. To  one and all of'om* re ders wc wi-h  A MERRY* CHRISTMAS.  EMPTY STOCKI.XGS.  dom peal foi th the, unbroken song of  "Peace on earth good will to men,"  the triumph song of the Bethlehem  shepherds. * It is therefore the duty as  well as the prhilege of all,who love  their fellowmen to cultivate and extend the Christmas spirit by e\eiy  means in their power, until the time  Bhall come when  -   -       The wrong shall fail,  The right prevail,  With peace on eaith, goodwill to men,  Christmas has well been called the  festival of the home. It ii a day of  family re-union, a day for the intei-  change of tokens of affection, a day  when old family feuds aie forgiven  and forgotten, or should be. Might  we also say we would like to see it a  day when business men would forget  their differences and bury with the  dying year those feuds which have  arisen in,the past so that all might  start the New Year feeling happier,  brighter, 'better,  more generous and  ST. ANDREW'S CHURCH, REVELSTOKE.  Oh ! niothctsMn homes that aie happy'  Where Christmas comes laden with  cheer, ��������� c  Where   the   children   are   dreaming  already  Of the merriest day in the year.*  Asyougathci youi darlings around you  And tell them the "story of old,"  Rcnicmber the homes that aie dreary,  Rcincmbei the hc.iits that are cold.  i " V  Aud thanking the love that has  dowered you , '  With all tliat is dem est and best  Give fiee^y, thnt from your abundance,  Some baic little life may be blessed.  Oh !  go   wheie   the   stockings   hang  empty,  fWhere Christmas  is  naught but a  name >c  And give���������for the love  of the Christ-  Child, .-  '  l  .    'Twas to seek such as these that He  "\r came.  ���������Elt.e.v Manly  more Christian  men.    ��������� Who   cannot  ������a Christmas gambol oft would cheer  .-..l-ri.      -iTru-r. __...���������������.*- ....        .._ 1.    ,_....,, l        ,      . r      .,  sav with Sir Walter Scott ?  REV. W   C  f',iJtor J-:.  <;ALf'ER  Audi'. -\'-f.  A poor man's heart through  half  the  year."  To the little ones above all Christmas is the day of all days. ' For days  and weeks they have thought of the  coming Santa Claus with his slcigh-  lo.uls of good things. Chiistmas is  the goal of theii expectation, the  fruition point of their fondest hopes,  the subject of the most joyful lccollec-  tions. Surely it is not un=ccinly  that their hearts should be made gl.id  on tlie day that commcmoi.itcs the  woiuhous season when the friend of  little children himself became a little  child      -  Uni'i'i tiiiuitely Chiistmas has ils  d.ukhidc, and to main- a lionie Ihe  Viiciint chair of .idcp.uluil one bring-,  Korrow on account of a it'cent, hi'ieave-  mi nt oi on account of (lie tendi'i  n������socinti ns it H'Ciills. With thoic  there  is as ut tho Ihat ChristiiiastidQ  ST. ANDKEW'S MAN-sB, REVELSTOKE. .������*,,  ".-���������  /;?  '4  V  CHRISTMAS NUMBER;'  t    i  I  f-V  It-  tt  ���������A *'  WY  tit  P  He was succeeded-by S. Phipps.   W.       ,  ���������   A CITY.OF HOMES.    ri   '  S. Newman, the veter'an^roadmaster,      B(jut it is as' a city  of  homea   that  as  transferred rto   Victoria and  V. Revelstoke particularly merits atten-  r\.nderson   succeeded, him. , There is ,tion.   The architecture  of its homea  considerable talk of the C.'P. R build-  and  the neat manner in which they  g the  Crows Nest road into~Revel-'are kept is the admiration  of visitors  toke or building round  the Big Bend   from'all   parts, and   in this issue we  as to avoid   the   heavy   mountain  have endeavoied to give a good idea by  grades for freight.   Railway   develop- illustrations of the homes of the city  . ment means the growth  and progress! so   far ias   we have been favored with  of Revelstoke.      , , '     pho'togiaphs. ' ,      '     ,'*  REVELSTOKE HOMES  COURT HOUSE, REVELSTOKE.  ALDERMAN LEWIS'S RESIDENCE, McKENZIE,AVENUE,  Columbia River north  of Revelstoke  and to the city itself.  IN  RAILWAY CIKCLLS  Revelstoke is lirst and foremost a railway center, and the life of the town ie  bound up with the railway interests.  The new station elected during the  year is 103 feet long, 42 feet wide and  two storeys high. On the ground  lloor are general waiting room, agent's  t oflice, ladies waiting loom, baggage  and express rooms. On the upper  lloor are offices for superintendent and  staff, despatches, trainmaster, accounting staff, timber inspector, lesi-  dent engineer, diafting staff', roadmas-  ter and bridge superintendent. The  building is aheady proving too small  for icquiienients. It is intended to  lemove the commercial telegraph ollice  to the business portion of the city on  McKcp/ic avenuo.  The new station will allow the south  tiain service to be handled in better  th.ipe than hithcito, as the Mains can  be run into the noilh side of the platform.  The new station is fitted with lavatories and conveniences for the public,  is equipped with the latest sanitary-  fittings, and is steam heated. Messrs.  (Smith & Sherbourne of Victoria were  the contractor for the building and J.  Mullens of Vancouver"*was inspector  of works for the C. P. R. The heat-  ing was put in by the Vanstone Heat-  Company of Vancouver, the painting  was done by J. R. Thornton, the  plastering by W. A. MacDonald. Tho  new platform at the station will be 1200  feet long. A conciete retaining wall  has been built in fiont of the terrace  below the Hotel Revelstoke and stairways built up.  The yaid will be gre.ith enlarged  and improved next spiing and extensions to the roundhouse, C. P. R. shops  and plant will be made, whilc.it is also  proposed to nut in an iron foundiy in  connection with the shops.  Among the changes of the railway  staff dining the year was the tiansfer  of C. H Temple, who was fur ninny  years shop foreman heie, lo Winnipeg.  J. M  SCO IT'S RESIDENCE, McKKNZIK A V EN UK. -) --  . -."  vi���������u     n t J  fas.  THE'-KOOTENAY MAIL'  /,,  it  r t *   ***������..- ^���������^.H...  ..**. ���������"I     >>.>.������  _ *>    ?������-���������* -r* ������> *   -���������i*#t*!f!ilS*J!>t4*rejSt * *  ,-4**  l-l  ALDERMAN EOOTE'S RESIDENCE, 'SIXTHtSTREET.  F. MCCARTY'S RESIDENCE, McKENZIE >AVENUE.  M. J.  O'BRIEN'S RESIDENCE, McKENZIE AVENUE  -W. BEW'S RESIDENCE, SECOND STREET.  cjcy  -p-Wch'C  L*.v.-      *���������       '-f * ������'.*"  . *i  ���������^dwawsfc* '*&���������<* -v^*"^'*'"'*-'  ALDEKMAN  M-'CAKTEK'H   RESIDENCE, McKENZIE AVENUE  J3. R. ATKINS' RESIDENCE.-ySECOND STREET. R. I'ltQUIlAlU".*-. RESIDENCE, FOURTH STREET.  A. E. KJNCAJD'S RESIDENCE, FIFTH STREET. .1. WOODROW'S RESIDENCE, SECOND STREET.  F   B   WELLS' RESIDENCE,  DOl GLAS STREET    v  T. DOWXES' RESIDENCE, SECOND STREET.  ,1, A. STONE'S RESIDENCE, DOUGLVS STREET, /a?Ya  J  'CHRISTMAS NUMBER  [h  Wa  .A  w  U' i  W, M.(L\WRENCE'S  RESIDENCE,   McKENZI E 'AVENUE  *".*���������.        *���������  ALDERMAN FIELD'S RESIDENCE, FIRST STREET.  A. McRAE'S RESIDENCE, DOUGLAS STREET.  J')  I?-"  THE Lumbering industiy is making enormous strides in Biitish  Columbia the annual cut having incieased fiom sixty four millions  to three hundred and seventeen million within the past ten years. In no  ' part of the Piovincc has there been  more notable progicss than in the  mountains. Arrowhead is the piinci-  pal centre of the lumber industiy in  North Kootenay. The Arrowhead  Lumber Company's mill is one of the  best equipped mills in the province.  The Big Bend Lumber Company arc  doubling the capacity of thoir mill,  which will have an output of 110,000  feet a day next season. At Nakusp  the Yale-Columbia Lumber Company  are opetating   the   pioneer   mill on  LUMBERING  ���������.  Arrow Lakes. At Comaplix the Bowman Lumbei Company, who alto  have a mill at Re\elstoke, are building a new mill with a capacity of  about 125,000 feet a day. At Revelstoke the Revelstoke Sawmill Company are putting up a splendid mill  at the Big Eddy to replace that destroyed by (ire. The new mill will have  a capacity of 125,000 leet a clay. The  Company is backed by extensive timber limits in the Big Bend, and the  new mill will be equipped in the most  up-to-date manner.  A  sad   feature   of   the year in the  lumbei business was the death of Mr.  Beat tie, manager of the Arrowhead  Lumber Company, from buniB sustained in a fire at the boaiding house,  and loss simultaneously by death of  Aichibald MoMillan, the president  At Three Valley an impoitant lumbering enteiprisc, which will be complete in every particular, has been  established by the Mundy Lumber  Company, who have acquired c.xten  sivc timber limits in E<igle Pass and  vicinity, and contemplate the election  of two other mills. The mill was  started up last summer and is operated  by experienced eastern lumbermen.  The Mountain Lumbermen's Association has done good woik during  the year and has vastly improved its  value by the appointment of a permanent secretaiy, G. P. Wells, than  whom no better man could have been  selected.  The impiovement in the market  and prices during the year has been  a boon to the mountain lumbermen.  ARROWHEAD.  Thanks to the development of the  lumber industry, as represented by the  Big Bend and Airowhcad mills, the  town of Arrowhead has made great  strides during the year and with the  doubling of the capacity of the Big A    A,  fh  (   t   v<"  *    )  1 Y'  Jt.  "%  ���������'    r  ti  <t i  ,f HE/KOOTE'NAY,~MAI;L t  Xf  'U  I-.- ���������./-  1  ).  f, ���������i , ._       ~    :    ttz     ;    ~:   '   '    r-  . ,   j  "Bend' Lumber "Company's   mill"'the <"     * -   , ,  ~"- town will see > still- greater- progress - _ ���������- - ^ &sr,~ -.:  ' during'the coming year.   "Anowmeadj ������\   '  " is" also Jan Mmportantb;transportatioh   \ -  - ^point/the C. P, R.* steamers connect-  'ing'here for   Kootenay   Lake   points  <    .  L ty " -,    and the'Bowman Lumber, Company's _  _  *   * 'l steamer Piper���������connecting with' points ^  .'.���������������.      < on the/North 'East'  Arm   of Arrow,     ,  i"     '   **      'Lake,'" while ,the * lumber -Companies     ^   ,���������  f ,'    *       ' - have5 "'their J own ' tugs'1  and \ contin - ,  ,  '*  ,;        "uously,work.,   Several' good* business   --._  f* if blocks h'ave been built and also, some ;  V    -'    -v'   residences which "would do credit to     ���������  r"1" '    'i e ��������� any"towri.'fcThenew public buildings,^    t   -<  1 t",the ' Alexandra 'Hospital and  school  ������(    (_  1V-   - are most creditable to 4he town and*.   ;< ^  - *speak well for the - work^of' the. con-.- <���������    ' -  < tractor,' J.jBallanL " The*-1 hospitalism , ^A  ^ * 'well',?equipped *in    every particular.  'L ' thanks to^thejnterest'taken in it  by^   ^  "     the ' committee 'andj-especially    theM-^A  ���������Ladies^ Auxiliary.'.VjJWater is"laid on; ' AI >,  *   and the building lighted by electricity. s'     (  '   ������ Duringfthe year a branch of the Im-    ..    j  "perial Bank was opened at .Arrowhead ,       "*  IA   proving a' great convenience  to ,*be       ������������������  YY business interests of,the town? > ;TheTY ;  * , Big ' Bend   Lumber 'Company   have  supplied a great convenience to the  town   by   putting   in   electric lights ,  where required.    This company also  '   intend erecting" a'number of houses  * '   for their employes next'spnng.  p      "   Arrowhead "has -two churches,  the     *  ' "     Anglican, All <Saints,  of which  Rev.   .    4  Mr. John Johnson is vicar,   and-the  Presbyterian  church,  of which  Rev.  ������Mr. Simpson is minister. .^      n  r     .    i      y r r      <���������  ��������� ' ; ; _J  ,  til', e.. "K'l^H,.",    i-    A   'I        .     ,rf4,.iAi,,Jt.l       ! t.     1>,A     *<.^,a        1      TJ-.       ^_    ll-., _*-.. ,     ������      -       4-       I���������>       ^B, _dr   ,   W.,.   _��������� "_  Ifr'te',"*'*   ���������&������   -        nr^^v*. >jf      ���������J,    t- VS-"���������-\    :������->������(l,',-������Arf..������l'..i,f       1,*~������^      ���������       ~,  , >"    -t.r    ^ '<rC'   r', 1 I  n  ������-������t>!'-V;ri   U > ,  KviA A,i'~"yyA   ' ���������        $1' f->v i>i'i'K- , *"i7-* iiu-.'S ,'       ^\.   ." .j,,,,'' .. '���������. vk - ; > ;*.'  ,  .y.,1;,'*^'^.' *���������������������������     -r -.^  ##������/���������-.������->������   <?aAi *i'^y,\. '-'fci      ''?'.������- s'j    ,  w.j:,*      t^i,.  r.. ~. -.tf 4V'VAAr^^a^m  SESiyfe1'^ Hii2x-^r "���������*.*���������������-'sl "  .t,i  yy ,   <. -*u.,i .-jj.'-il-   ^^ir^*-- ' ?-_&,_ z-iyy,>.e%<sXfJu^^^^l^M  v/' , ',1 '*.   '      ���������  ,'  s  ';  ' C     ,1  - - "arrowhead" FROM THE SOUTH. Y  i  *     " ,     t  A   >���������'  ��������� i>    .f ,('  E.J. Branford & Co.  FREIGHTERS  I    \&   PACKERS '_\  1 ' r  Camborne, "B. C.  -    ������~ ���������-    ���������      ���������-  -       1.  Daily  Stage carrying  Mails  between  Camborne and Beaton.  FARE, ifl.OO  BJG  BEND  LU.MUER COMPANY'S TUG "ADAM  HALL  Estimates  Foknisiikd  Ar.r. Woiik GuAit.vNTi:r.n  ROBT. J. BALLARD  BUILDER AND CONTRACTOR  ARROWHEAD, B. C  HOTEL   LARDEAU,  GOJ&JL.JP1ATIK:  B. O.  Builder of  Al.l'XA.VDIUA    IfOKI'ITAI,  I.mi'Kiuai, Rank      '  Sfiiooi.  \iotihi.  Joiiv IJur.r. Bux'K  "Dkijo S'ioui., i"ic.  ARROWHEAD, H. C.  Mr. Hamilton, the proprietor, takes gte.it pleasure in acquainting the public with the fact that he has newly furnished and  renovated the above-mentioned house, making it the best and most  accommodating hotel in the Laideau Countiy. A full line of the  Choicest Wines, Liquois and Cignis on hand. When in this section  of British Columbia lie sure and give him a call.  RATES  $2 a Day. I 4    1
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BOWMAN LUMBER COMPANY'S MILL, REVELSTOKE.
YALE-COLUMBIA LUMBER CO.'S MILL, NAKUSP, ; ,  ,y   (  J*      A j  j  >  K.  it '  <    f       i  , '������*,.  ^ r,f������Y <  "   o     _*���������  -  ,      1 <>  'I-i- X  A      (I  }>       '  THE KOOTENAY MAIL- ,  A' >,     i    ,      ,    , ,        (Y      ,n   -"  ' , -  ^���������3^  ARROWHEAD, WEST END.  MAIN STREET, ARROWHEAD. -xtjjM.g,. .bF-.3a.-fAi, jsa^r.  ^   6  il,  '       r  I f  Z~������jL~J&JUl^-i3t*-MBi*M&Jll^^ I  I     < ' * ' *  7      "^ ' 4-  j   '  '   >������ .v^V'     '" I  ",'1   f  t *   <   *  !{���������-'  ,r    t  I  ,    ���������  t  I*,.'  If-  v.  J-* *  <f X.,  '*  <���������     t>  '/        <"  Y '   'CHRISTMAS NUMBER <rf-  !'   U.  1     ?   ,i    , '  i, k   if l  *a 11:n \n i)i; C 11K't'r,uir \ i.^ vi; no\\ 11ead."'\,'    ',   ?  REV. MR  JOHNSON,'  Vhni 'a 11  Saints' y liuicli1.  'Ministci Presbyteiian Ch , Airowhc.id,  l'RESBVl'EKl\N   CHURCH,    ARROWHEAD  SCENE 0,N RAILWAY, ENTERING  ARROWHEAD.  ALL SAINTS* CHURCH, ARROWHEAD.  SCE^E ON RAILWAY, LOOKING NORTH pitQM AUROWHRAP, .   Il  *  ���������������>     '  1 'K  i A   J**  , ?  'K '  * P(  1    l i   ' v      * *     * / ' i* < ' ii ,  <;-     Y'ff <'r'\   '-  -"r- V-  * *-<*?    THE-KOOTENAY MAIL.-  <,- fY  ?        '(!  A   ' i  i    y -  r.      j  .'/���������   ^A  1  LvOlv-OlT I (J I NT, 'I HE CAVES,  REVELSTOKE WINE AND SPIRIT CO'S WAREHOUSE, - -tilW. ��������� * H������  CHRISTMAS 'NUMBER.  fi -���������"  \\A  F  THE. ^AW  OWIIERE in the woild are there  such attractions lo be fr-und ns  in the mountains of British C4ol-,  nmi.in.of winch tjiecity of RoveUoke    - Report of Latest Explorations by W. S. Ayres.M. Ey.  mny truly be snid 'to be  tlic'i-iuli.iting  j  ' '  centie.    Th'e C  P.  R.r have   provided   touiisN  magnificent,  tourist  hotels  at  B.mli,  aie available at the wuiou.s points W  scaled     'Special  tourist car's operated  ,dise Valley and the Valley of the Ten  Peaks add to the attractions. Cath-  edral,Mountain, visible from the railway as the tourist travels between  Laggan and Field, is one pf the most  , ...    t   ....   . .,      ,   . i'ii i i striking peaks   of   the   Rocky Moun.  and the best ol   hwiss  guides   borne,   which, has   only   once    been -fc *        ' , '  tains.  Lagga:,,, Field,* Glacier,   Rc'velslokc, .tho-o" who wish,lo  tlncnd   the  mazes  Sicamous-iiiiil   Npith   Rend,  and   iu of the fnr-jeaching vallo\, or scale the  addition tn these othei liist-class hotel giant peak-uhat senate  the hoiizon.  acci'.inniodarFon  is  to   be  obtained at  Banff. Field, Revelstoke,  and  vaiious-    .,,,       , ���������. .-   ,,    ...  -   ��������� '''"    hot, spungs oi   is.mtl   possess  FIELD  vaiious  r other points on the main and branch  lines.of the C. P. R The popularity  of these moun'iiin icsoits'with trn\cl-  ,lei.- inciOii������es yeaily, and so great was  the toinist traffic .last year that the  lug 0. P. U. Hotels weie unable to  supply the dem-ind for accommodation  and (he company has made arrangement.- to effect extensive additions  at  , - i i  Fit Nl, I.au'can and  Glacier   befoie an-  other season. When , tlie*-c resorts,  with their vai ied ntt tactions, become  4 better.known? thousands of^ravoRers  who now spend their seasons in  Switzerland will come instead to Canada, where, in ihe heart of the grout  *- .  Rocky Mountains, nature has worked  on a far greater scale than even in'  Switzerland, and Whympciy the  world-renowned mountaineer, who was  the first conqueror of the Mattel hoi n,  has fitly described them as "fifty or  sixtv Swit/.prhuuls lolled into one."  i ,    Ha.n.nt.  The hot,, >.pi ings of Banft"  ,valuable medicinal properties and are  hugely p-iimnked in consequenre.  _Al Ihitiff i-, the Nntion.il Paik of Can  ad.'i, coveiiiiir an. .uea'of some���������'LO  square miles Thi-. p,uk is in ch.uge  'of Mr. II. Douglas who lias, done  splendid work -in eltcf-.tinir impirvc-  mpnl.-., cniist-ilifting beautiful dihes,  iiiKl'miiking it a shclrcr foi the native  game of the Mountains Ileie is a  huid of hull'.ilo, while drer, mountain  sheep and goat are abundant in the  vicinity .uid are ' eaiefully preserved  ,fioui the lillc of the hnnlei. An in-  teiestiipg museum iia.iiNo "maintained  by the government. Near Ranff the  C. P'lt. aKo conduct e.\-tenti\c'and*  well equipped coal mines, wheie visitors are tiented with the utmost  couitesy, mi'1 many visitois see here  foi the fust time in operation a mine  equipped with   the   most   up to-datr*  by gasoline are also kept at Banff for  the use of touri������ts. " Y    " 7has become one of the most attractive  The   next  point,, of 'attraction   is  summer resorts in the mountains, due  Laggan,   where   the ,'Lakes    in "the  to the discovery about five  years  ago  ,*'������,-<'���������.      ��������� ' , -  i- t ��������� ���������,  HEAD OF ICE RIVER VALLEY..  coal-mining appliances-.      I lie  moun  The C. P. R.   has  made a specialty   tains i i=e fiom 10,000 to ne.nly  12,000  of mountain   scenery���������Lake   Louise,  of studying the want*-and  comfoitof   feet,   the   highest   being Mt. Am-imi-   Lake Agnes and Miiror Lake.      Paia-  Clouds form one of the finest features of the Yoho Valley with its magnificent Takakkaw and Twin waterfalls,  and  to  the   attractions  of   Emerald  MT. STER1IEX, FIELD,  Lake, about ten miles to the north  and to which point the C. P. R. have  built a beautiful road.   '  GOLDEN*.  i Following the Kicking Horse'Canyon, between Field and Golden,, is one  of the grandest sections of mountain  sccnciy to be found the world over.  The Columbia Valley north of Golden  is a tourist paradise. Walled-by lofty  mountains lefleoted in the, numerous  sloughs, a trip up the Columbia River  from Golden to Windermere is a thing  of beauty and a joy for ever. The  Wh-deimere and Columbia Lakes aie  marvels of Nature's handiwork.  The scenery is > grand, and * the parklike liiiges that recede from the liver,  studded heie and there with home-  .steads, remind one of the most  beauteous spots of other lands. In  fall the river and sloughs aro a favorite  resort of feathered game such as delights the sportsman.  -nn; sr.i.KiiiK mountains  are, however, the most beautiful of all  the mountain ranges of Canada.  Their giant peaks tower to great  heights, their glaciers are on a magnificent 6cale, there is not the same bare  rugged mountain forms as Dcen in the  Rockies, the wealth of native flora is  immense [nnd tho forests possess a  charm all their  own.     Tho   Beaver  Y rt-ur ������|A -s.' .MiiT",-.ff'l5^^������i-TTTi,i������-l?"r'ri-.n-i-"-'<-^'---  ^T?-f?|!i ,   ���������������.-,-,?,}.���������"!'!.*. ���������'i'V' 17- -'   V'f't  '       ,  : '. J"  -. THE KOOTENAY MAIL  ii >'  a  r  '  ^**JWl'���������������^.w-**'^^������,li,'v^���������������:,  ^^L-^^P^^1  '      -     '���������    *���������   IN KJCKING-HORSE VA������<  14^"  the wutor'power of Cougar Greek now  passing through .these caves.     _     ,  ,. . The oiivcs"aro located near-timber  line, about 5,000 feet 'nbo.'c sea .level,  in a' beautiful .-lioltcro I ^ purk-likts  basing known as Cougar' IJasin'. There  is   no   pi oilier  holiday   ic-ort'in  the  'mountains. , In summer Cougar  liiiain is a ma/,e of llowcts���������n paradise  for botanists. The climbing is easy,  aiid-witliin a few bundled yn'ids mo  small glaciers' and a lake, while  niiiiieroiiM rivulotu sparkle down .the  mountninYitlcs. ,'fho scenery around  ,is magnil'icent, and no liner views  could   be .obtained   ,nnywlicii!   than  , those Of Ross l'eak and Mount Sir  Donald as seen  fiom'Cougar Rnsin.  At l.ho c.ivch is u remarkable hewing out of the  locks   by water  called  ��������� The Canyon. This canyon oMonds for  a depth of 200 feet.   Another striking '  feature is tho Hume, which  looks.like  a mill incc made by the hind of man.  f,On some of the rocks, Js licaiiliful  figuring.  There iiio 'four natural bridges,  beneath which thc-.wiitcr hai hewn  out ,cavcriis,   some   op  considerable  ra  interesting place. In the ascent ol pect0rs some years ago, and Messrs  the eastern slope the railway 'Spans ]).-\Voolscy, of Revelstoke, and Walter  Stoney Creek by, a bridge 300 feet Scofct< of jjakusp, descended into "The  above the bed of the torrent below, Canyon," but in those days thedis-  one of the highest bridges in the covcry wns not lcgarded iu of any  world. Cascade Fulls form one of the imp0i-tnnco and the matter dropped  prettiest pictures to be seen along the flQm \10t;ce. in the fall ol 1901  railway line. The Pass is walled in Charlie Dcutschman, a vetci.in pros-  on the south by Mount Sir Donald, pector anc] hunter, went up Cougar  the giant peak of the Selkirk? and Mt. creck on an cxploiing trip, and notic-  Hermit rising to 10,600 ft. so named -n<r that the creck disappenied nt a  from the figure that so nearly re- cel.tiljn piac0 l,c started to investigate,  sembles the cowled figure of a man wjth the re-.ult\ he found caves, tlic  and his dog. Tourists will here find extcnt of which he considered worth  excellent accommodation supplied by ful-ther attention. Keeping his own  C. D. Morris at .Hermit House. On counsel,^ explored these caves to nn  the western slope from the Pass is cxtcnt sufficient to satisfy him that  Glacier House, which has come to be iic i���������ui found something worth atone of the most popular and impor- tention. Ho went east, enlisted the  tant of tourist resorts. This is no interest of capitalists with a view lo  doubt because of the convenience with pitting up n hotel and luUeitising  which the great glacier of the lllecilli- t],c disccvciy, and return* d to ende.iv-  waet can be reached from Glacier ���������,. t0 obtain a title. The Dominion  Hou-o, and hundreds of travellers Government, however, considered that  here^ee a glacier for the first time in suc|, sU1 impoitant natui.il ntti.ictioii  their lives and ga/e in wonder on the si,olli(l be reset vod for public use and  great ice-field. The AsiilknirGiaeier, rcfUscd to give any title.  Marion Lake -u.ri other attiactive with a view fo protecting his lights  mountain scenes are easily ic.ifhed ^ |)ci,t?cilm.in located the discovery  from Glacier Uoti-Y Relow (il-icier is )lSl mlnel'Hi claims and is holding the  ���������nil. loop,      ' giound on that title.      lie   has spenb  where, by ,i double sweep of about  .-i\   the   last   season   there   and   did   nn  it-elf  immense   amount   of  woik    tow-aids  for  The''  shows the undoubted   importance   of  carving  on   the  locks  by  the  water  the discoveiy.   caverns   having been   lias created wonderful outlines  proved   to   "extend     for     8000    feet.       During   the     season   Mi.    A.    O.  Public  opinion   i.s in   favor of the in-   Wheeler,   of    the    Dominion    Topo-  olusion of thecaves   in   the National  graphical  Smvey,  spent,   some   time  Park and  their iinpiovement  foi MicT  investigating  the. dneoveiy,  and 'we  ceviibility   by   tourists.     These   im-  are   indebted   to  him. to Mr. Ayrcs,  piownionls  would   include  a tiail or  and to Mr. 11. Copelnnd for the photo-  ioad fiom   the   i.iilwav,   f-oin  which   graphs apnearing hesewitth.  they   uic   only   a    mile   and    thice , mk. ayrcs' ui:i'()itT.  quarters distant, proper acconimo- On the 2Gth, 27th and 28th we ex-  dation for visitois, and probably the ploicd "Gopher IJiidge" and the main  lighting of the. envoi ns by electric cave, entcrim:'he .alter tlnnngli "The  light which  could   be  opeiated' fioiii   Canyon" and ' E itr.m e No. 2,'YThis  inilt'x, the r.nhwiy line turn-ion  tlie grade   necfi-ary   to   ej',-   making the caves accessible to visitois  ladders   and   bridges.  I),mil-",   siipcrinteiidenl    of tlio  Lcoptbe  railway  erodes   Cong.u    National    Park,   had    Ihe   -,iv-   e.\-  iniiiied by Mr. Ayrcs M. E. la*-  i-pmig  -el  to attJin   tlie grade   necer-ary   to   ei',  hMu th"r.iil������ay to riMch from the I'.i.-.   by  putting in  i<, the *,<���������.: I< *, below.      At   the   foot   of   Mi  t  Cr������*-k   which take- its ri-e in a mutin  f  tain vsliicb   ha- suddenly come  into and   that   gentleman   e\pi eased   the  HERMIT ;RAN(!E , .J, i   ������ J.,  I    ', t',  / <���������<?���������������  CHRISTMAS NUMBER.  p ,������������������  I"  '-!  j-1  "exploration consisted of a.complete  suneyof nil passages, not heretofoie  leport^d by nie as surveyed, and of  flashlight photogmphs of sonie<pf the  ', nttmctive features of the interior.   On  .  the 201li we biokc cnnip aiuh lcturned  to the Glacier House on foot. '  Tin:'nt a ii,. (  A veiy easy trail for riding or walking can be made from the Glacier  House to the cave by way ofjriie Loop  nnd Ross Peak��������� water tank. .The  length of this tiuil would be about  live nnd one half miles. ,lt .would  have not only', an easy grade but a  location that tilings to view in a new-  light some of the gitindest sccneiy  of  - this famous pait of the Selkirk's. This  feature of itself would make it u  vciy  ' popular ti nil oven though  there  were,  no eaves at thcothei end of it.     The  trail   should ,be   constructed   onthe'  sloping ground  above   the  river.     It  would then connect witli an old trail,'  used during'the construction of the  Canadian Pacific Railway, which  pnases through a very heavily timbered forest lying in the ravine to the  right of Cougar Mountain.'' At 'a  point about one quarter of a mile bc-  '' fore reaching Cougar Cicek this old  trail should 'be left and a new trail  made up the nivinc of Cougar Cieek  to the cave on well selected ground  consistent with easy grade8.  On an i\ing at the e.ive the magnificent assemblage of balsam fiis with  their spii-e-like'forms, shown in photo-  guiph No.,21, welcome the .visitor as  stately hostesses. In the winter they  deck, themselves with tho most dainty  snowy diapery.       ���������   .���������      , ���������  When*the visitor  turns  homeward  from   the   cave   the   view shown   in  photograph No. 22 greets him.     Ross'  Pock is in clear view' at the rightjind }  ^  CASCADE FALLS, ROGERS' PASS-  ROGERS' PASS.       -      ,  ' i"   s. '  ,, ' "    the1'Great Glacier at  the left, with  - <*  ��������� Cougar Creek  ravine  in   the center,  ,   ~   down which the trail lends  him with  .    -    an ever changing ;panorama * of   the  ,'   <    most beautiful   of "the Selkirks con-  ���������<     tinua'ly before  him      When   passing  The Loop   again,   at the   very   spot'  Svhere on his'way to the cave the view  shown in photograph No.  19  met his  eyes, the view in No.  23  gieets him,  with Sir Donald at the right.  TIIi: EXPLORATION*.  The "Gopher Biidge" wns first explored. An entrance was effected by  Mr. Deutsclnnnn during the summer,  first, by ci.iwling ��������� through' a very  i nariow passage in the old bed *of  Cougar Cieek, niaiked on the map  herewith submitted as "Old Channel,"  and second by blasting away 'some  fallen lock.at a point noted on the  map (lis "Gopher Bridge Entrance."  We entered by the lattci opening. This  is a very unique cave by itself. The  cliaiacteristic water-carved walls of  white'and giey marble, such as are  found in "Entrance No. 1", and described in my report of June 8th, 1905,  are everywhcic to be seen. An additional feature, however, is here to be  found. In many places the change of  the limestone into marble is not complete. Tho parts of the rocks not  fully changed stand out as nodules,  while the marble. between th3.1i nas  been dissolved and eroded to an unusual degree, thus giving the walls a  stiange picturesqueappeaiance.  Fiom a geological standpoint the  formation under "Gopher Bridge"  shows, in a manner nirely to be found  in suifacc exposures, the . various  stages of transition of the original  limestone into the present marble ly  the bent process called mctniii'-rphosis.  Theie arc evidences also of cavities,  comparatively small it is true, that  existed in the original beds of limestone and which   were   subsequently THE KOOTENAY MAIL  c <  filled'with pure' carbonate' of lime.  During the *metainorphosis of the  limestone this'filling also was changed  to white crystalline marble.1' Some'  v chips and nuggets of quartz are  to be  ���������   seen imbedded in the  filling  evidencing that  they  weie carried   into the  . cavity by water during*the  process of'  the lime   accumulation.      Shrinkage  cracks are everywheie-to be. found in  ;   the   gi'iy nnd   white   nimble, which'  weie'formed duiing its  early ��������� solidification into  limestone'and  afteiward'  filled with 'pure' carbonate   of   lime.  They now   show   as   seams   of white  "' marble inserted in the rocks at various  angleS'to their bedding faces.  Cougar Cieek now en tci s under  "Gopher Bridge" at the point maikod  "Present Channel" oh the map." In  my formei report, June 8th, 1905, no  reference was made to the "Present  Channel"; because it; was entirely  obscuied from view by a veiy deep,  ���������snow-slide.    The "Old Channel" how-  ������ t  i  - ever; was-partly open to view, and, because of its logical position, '.was  mistaken 'for the channel actually  conveying the water under the bridge.  ' The creek has a tortuous couisc under  the bridge as is shown on the map.  The first, portion of it 'was ,inaccessible because of the low loof, the last  portion because of the deep water m  the creek.  Photographs Nos. 2JL and 25 (were  taken heie by flash-light. They show  something of the tantastic c.uving of  the water channel in tlie marble  ' strata, but do not convey a true idea  of the real beauty of the thing itself.  The openings th.it were explored aie  now easily accessible, and it appeals  to be quite possible to form a continuous passage under the bridge by  bridging the deep and swift poition of  'Cougar Creek that is now impassible  and which is shown in photogiaph  No. 25. If .this is done the visitor  would begin' his tour oi the caves by  entering first at the upper or west end  of "Gopher Bridge." Emerging at the  east end he would again enter by  "Entrance No. 1." *��������� At the south-east  corner of the "Auditorium" a .passage  can be made into "The Canyon'' by  removing the debris for about 20 feet.  Then the visitor can make a continuous trip from the west end of  "Gopher Bridge" to the large cave  without retracing any steps.  A correction in my former map is  made, on the accompanying map, as  to where the waters from "Whistler  Falls" join Cougar Greek. In June  last this junction was psrtly obscured  by a heavy snow slide, in fact the  waters from the falls were then running as shown on my former map.  After the snow disappeared it waH discovered that they join Cougar Creek  under 'Gopher Bridge" and disappear  ���������AM- A '-  S-Nritf.     ���������'  ������$���������;.���������'���������'������.,   ' A'A A      --���������,"���������  fcs:Y<*--i''   ���������>->n.r,. A.i^Li   '  v ���������)... \  C   D. MORRIS'S HERMIT   HOUSE,   ROGERS' PASS.  VIEWS OP THE GREAT GLACIER.  from   the   surface -in   a deep, nearly  vertical   shaft,   called   "The   Gophoi ,  Hole." -     ,  The cxploiatibn oT the main cave  thiough "Entrance No. 'J,", was a most  laboiious task. The descent into "The  Canyon" was by means of a rope down  an incline that was ' nearly porpen-  i. thenl.ir, about 75,per, cent, and ovei  1 snow and ice. foi ra, distance 85 feet,  The c.iio was ih'*ii cufoi'd by''Enhance No. 2."  Oougai Oitek at this linie was very  much less in volume ns eo'inp.tiod with  its (lush condition at the time* of   my  i former lonorl, June 8, 1905,  and   fiii  1 plotless iii,the (c\plouition   has'lioen,  made.    *A   complete  survey of all its,,  accessible openings was made and  the  accompanying   map shows    them    in  theii relative positions.     Nine photo-  'giaphs1 weie   taken    by   (Hash-light  illustrating some of the mosti'at ti active featutcs. .' t  I r '  THIS .MATS CAVH  comprises the laigest of all tho under-  gioiuul openings thus far discovered.  It naturally should liccnuse of tho  additional walcis cntcrim; it. ' Tho  ��������� aici.igc height of the main channel-  way, measured on thcdipof thostr.itn,  is about 100 fest, while tho width,  ineasmed perpendicular to the bedding faces, ranges'from S to 20 feot.^'  This channelway is not, as might bo  supposed, of uniform width, but  vaiies with tho conditions of How of  tho water .it the time of it-, founation.  With all the watei Mowing thiough it  on a steep gi.ule it .would be nanow,  and with only a poition of it, tho  othci poition miming mound some  olhci way, it, would also be nnriow.  It would be widest wheie all the water  passed thiough it nlid on a moderate  guide.  Dining its <-c.ulici histoiy it un-  doubtedly appealed much like tho  passageway in "Enliance No. 1," dos-  cnbcd m my lepoit of June 8, 1905  Rut as the channelway gicw deeper  and wider, thiough centimes of  cioaiou, many l.ugo masses of lock  fiom the hanging-wall weie loosened  and fell into lho channel-way, thus  causing aii'Obstinotion, mound which  tho water cut its way, and at the same  tune cut, away some ot all of the ob-  stiuction itself. As a lesult many  enl.uged places aie to be seen heio  and theie.     Still othois aie to be seen  that   Iiiim* been   lOiiiiutl   an   pot-holes,  like rounded stiafts, down which tho  water pound keeping the boulders at  their bottoms ceaselessly grinding  them' deeper and deeper.  From these .results it was only a  matter of time when, particularly at  ' the continence of streams, great masses  of overhanging ruck would 'be titi-  fonted and dropped into the great  channel and pot-holes.   This is shown  ^ _W.^_ii*������i . .-,...ti.w.l.f    ,-,7,   .,_ ^ .,���������������_, ,  ; A9  %f*  r a  '*  I'<  .1     i  ���������   , y        '-.    ' Y      '"^  '     '  XHRISTMAS NUMBER.   '/   .  o  STONEY CREEK" BRIDGE.  c of the rocks is thereby insured, and:  ���������. ' the breaking of the fragile'carbonate  'of lime coating,''which forms'the.  decoiation, of the cave, by the concussion of blasting, is also prevented.  A blast might woik^ruin to this  attractive feature. ' ^  At a point on the main  passageway  nearly opposite "The Pit." and'marked  ,.   A on the map. an opening was   found  through   which 'we descended' to the  prcsfiubcd  of   Cougar  Creek  at, the  bottom ol the cave. ' This passage led  us -north   directly .under "The Ball'i  Room," w here   ah   examination   was  I   made of the bottoms of   the "gigantic  pot-holes*, now in niin, and of the >old '  water grooves.  '" We naturally named '  this spot -" ' ������     ,  '    ���������������  "thi; old mill." >  It   certainly   did'grind   for many  'centuries before  it  fell  into ruin'and  disuse.      Passing   still   uirther along  this passage in  a northerly direction  we came   down   upon   Cougar   Creek.  . Following up the creek  to "the  point  maiked li we discovered  that it  here  makes a   sudden   turn   to the northwest.    -Photograph'No 26 shows this  turn to tlie left with Mr. Deutschman v  standing on the edge of Cougar Creek.  Continuing up the creek we came  to  a   place   where   the    low   roof    and  accumulated gravel prevented  further  piogress.     This   point' is only about  200 feet from where Cougar Creek disappears near "En ti,nice No. 2."     Returning to the point B -we continued  on in a northerly direction and  found "  > a different kind ot gravel and boulders  in the bed of the channel.    In Cougar ���������  Creek above the point 13 it consists of  marble  and  schist   with   very   little  quart/.ite   which   is   chiefly  white or  light in color.      But'  in   this 'branch  to aL marvelous dcgiee where the 2-15 feet by actual measurement. The any kind whatever should be allowed channel quartette of a dark brown or  waters of "Bear Falls" foi inorly joined locks in''The Pit" are of a \eiy dark in any part of the cave in forming red color constituted almost the entire  Cougar Creek. Portions of the old blue-grey v_color and have bands of passage-ways or in making improve- gravel. The same gravel had been  channel-way and of the very large pot- white nimble inserted iu them which ments. The present quiet condition observed at "Bear Falls" and the in-  holes are here visible, the other por- have been crumpled by pressure, giv-  tions being covered with fallen rocks ing the bands a zig-zag appearance,  from the loot. One .of these, an  enormous lock, rests in a nearly horizontal position and its v upper' suifacc  contains about 1200 square feet cf  floor space.   This we nainul       ���������    I    -  'run I'.AI.I, koom.  About 150 feet south Jroni "The  Rail Room" is '.'The Pit." This is the  "Deep Cavern," at "Entrance No..II,"  mentioned in my report of June 8,  1905, that was estimated to lie "250 feet  deep. This estimate was made from,  the number of seconds requued lorn  stone to reach the bottom. It tuok  four seconds, but several deflections  were made by the stone in its descent.  The nearly verticil portion, "The Pit,"  measures L20 feet, and the .-teep  channel-way leading fiom  its   bottom  The fallen masses of lock wheicver  found throughout the cave, particularly those about "The Ball Room" and  "The Pit," were caielully examined to  determine their present stability. The  mof wns also examined caiefully to  the same end, The singular firmness  of eveiy fallen piece, even the very  sm.all.ones, led the writer to the clis-  coveiy that the water had undoubtedly  shifted all the fallen pieces, gieat or  small, into positions that aie firm and  icliablc. No evidence whatever was  discoveied of any piesent movement  in the roof, neither were any points  discovered where the present water  erosion has made a fall of rock imminent.  To   make   travel   easv  in the cave  and clown which the stone undoubted-   plank   walls   should  be  built across  ly went, measures 125 feet more, nuik-  these rough  places.    No  blasting   of  MARION LAKE.  O 1j$l  d-  THE koOTEiSfAY.MAit  7 .      '. jereiice was at once  drawn   that this  . was formerly  the  inlet  passage from  i    '     " "    these   falls.     'From    the   map   the  { proximity of these falls to this passage  '. '������������������ makes the inference almostconclusivo,..  yet further exploration is necessary to  make it positive, for it can as  well be  "       the  inlet  from  "Upper Goat Falls."  '      '    '        Continuing to" the northward w'ecumc  ', t ' to a sudden turn to the right,  beyond  ;; " which the mb't r.u-ged walls are to be  ! '    seen that have been   found  any.vhcio  {  A *   in the ca.ve-     Thc JrtS=e(l  l)0mts il'1(I  -,      > '   ���������       grotesque   .shapes  at    once    inspire  caution.. It was named  *- --. "tiii: Ti:niton"-   .  'j , Its' peculiar roughness is due to^ thc  partial   metamorphosis  of  the  locks  ' ���������   '   ' and is   similai    to   the   condition   of  ��������� change   found   in   the 'rocks   under  '   "       '"Gopher Bridge."      In   thi-  case  Che  s    ,' condition is accentuated by thc otist-  ' enceof   thin -knife-like   blades ofcthc ,  ,    '       unchanged     limestone     instead     of  ..    '    nodules, all of which  o.\teiKlJrom one  .",.   "   '    half.inch to.two   inches-beyond   the,  general surface of the nimble  holding  ' them     The eUicme south end of this '  .    inner passage rises suddenly for about  15 feet and a   ladder   is   noededi to explore it beyond   this  point.      This is  .   the picent  water couise. .   The   cx-  1 - treme   north  e-d opens. out   into  a  ' ' large chamber that is ]ir.ictically filled  ��������� with sand and giavel. Several bunch  passages' are to be seen extending  north and south from this chamber  but they are nearly filled with gravel.  They all entei it near the roof,  From thi.- chamber to the point A  this entire passage has been formed  along a far It, which inclines upwaid  at an angle of about 05������ to the west.  Along its line on the surface the  ravine of        *��������� l  "IICAK FALLS,"  ' has been formed,  also   thc depiession  *���������   *       through which its waters now flow   to  ' COUGAR MOUNTAIN AND LAKE ABOVE  "Entrance No. ..." From this en-. Returning again'to the point A and  trance down into the cave these continuing along, the passageway,  waters have cut their way'along this which Rom here runs in a south-  ���������,  . _ i ..,.  :l:..-.....  n��������� ,".   n,���������r,i. t,n.   n!it.t..,rlv diiec.l.ion   alone   the strike of  811  lo  ,me fault, joining  Cougar   Cieek be-  easterly di.ection   along  the Blrita  w, and in their passage have formed   the stiata, iniiny'-inteiOoting  featui  aie met with.  "The Pit."  This  portion  of  the  cave just des- ylnm the map it  will   be observed  cribed from   A   ncrthwaid  and down- that those sections of the  highest old  ward along Cougiu Creek to the limits w-atciways   thus   far   thoioughly cx-  mentioned, and the passage from B to plored and surveyed, from  "Entnince  "The Tenor," had  never  before been ]s'0. 2". to  thc  present southeasteily  explored   until   Mr. Dcutbchman and limit, of tho cave, are all on a line and  the writer enteied it on Oct. 27,   1905. that this line  is  coincident  with the  It is one of the most   interesting  and Btrike of   the   stiata.     The   omitted  instructive poitions of thc entire cave. scctions of it, that lie on either side of'  It tells a long story  in   histoiy  fiom "The Pit" have been   exploied sullici-  the first grinding of "Tho Old Mill" to' Cntly to determine that  they  arc  on  the present day erosion, piobably more the same line.     Thoy  aie  so   nearly'  than 40,000 years.               . filled   with  debris  as  to bo unattractive.    The fact that this old waterway  OAVES.  was oi initially 'straight and continuous  along the strike of the strata, and  passed close to "Tho Pit," forms a base  fiom which to study the subsequent  chnnges.  a- At a point about .190 feet forwaid  from A a passage to the left exists  that leads to the brink of  '      A l'KKCII'ITOUS kocic     ,  nt the foot of which Cougar Cieek can  be seen  dimly.     Photograph   No. 27  was-taken there.   The dark spaces aie  abandoned channels cut by the water.  Cougar Creek shows faintly at thc  bottom of the pictuie a little to the  left of the middle. This place lind  already boon named        ,  "tiii: Tuitiuxi:"  by a previous visitor."   There is a roar  and swish oTfalling"water,to be  heard  i  HEAD OF ILECILLLEWAET VALLEY.  FLOWERING MOSS (found between 7,000 and 8,000 feet above sea level).  Photo by R. C'opeland. ^������������������������M���������������  1 >      -  >'  ".<>  I     I  a     ,- '"���������  ' ��������� ,* )  '���������\ A VY  6 ���������'  CHRISTMAS NUMBER  SUMMIT OF MOUNT SIR , DONALD, FROM .COUGAR BASIN.  - carbonate of lime.' This lime accumu-   are creamy ' white "and   very   dainty,  lation is white or creamy  white'with   This room is formed  against  a  fault,  '"an occasional'tint'"of  pink". '  If re-  showing that Cougar Craek   was   here  ���������sembles heads of ciuliflowers set close  deflected by it 'to an easterly couise.    -  together   without   intervening space, .    Nu' way   of   getting   down Yo the  ' and iii mass is'very beautiful, , .      -     present bed of   Cougar  Creek at this  From "The Art Gallery" forward for  point, without ladders, was discovered.  200 feet several moic spots  with lime  The'roar of  water plunging  down  a  .  , accumulations aie to'be seen. steep incline  could   be. clearly hoard;  Immediately after : passing the and it is assumed that the creek-con-'  southeast end of "Thc Art Gallery"a tim.es along this fault 'for some dis-  waterwny'on thc .right was observed, ,tancc. , VvVweic grcatly.disappomtcd  but it was inaccessible except' for .a in not being able to descend to its bed  short distance owing to" its almost as this seems to be the.only avenue ot  vertical ascent and to titB narrowness, entrance to the openings that^ tin-  This may be the inlet from "Entrance questionably ' exist between '.'-H'6  A search <was here made for a way the point lcpresented on thc map .was 'No ^> whi0h is "Lower Goat Falls." Bridal Chamber" and where Cougar  to get down upon thc bed of Cougar barredJjy a veiy low roof at one, place ^}lis is not positive, however, as a -Creek emerges to , the surface. Just  Cre������ek both above and below the-falls -and at another by the steep descent passage was observed branching oft where the last point is we have been  Above thp falls the passageways shown, and the swift current of the creek "from the ]00p of Cougar Creek at "Thc unable to determine' as no, sufhcient  on the map weie found and tho creek   itself. - '   ' . 'Turbine."     The   writer   thinks   thc   outflow "of  water has  thus  far been  exploied and surveyed for the distance      This portion of the cave above and  ]atter  the  most probable  inlet from   found on   tho   surface   to , positively  shown'.     Below  the  falls a ciciicc in   below  the  falls,  or "The Turbine," is  <<],0wer Goat Falls."      This   inlet at'locate it.  ��������� ���������*     ���������--������������������   ���������'���������:���������'��������� ������������������-   -'���������-    ���������-      ��������� ���������   -    ������������������--��������� .   - .... . ���������     .. .' .... ..*���������    ���������-pi._   .Bridal  (r        '     THE MOUNTALN "RANGE  BEHIND CAVES.'  IMiciLo l������v It   (*opul:ni<l.   '   '     .    '  y f ( i-' ,'���������> -      --1     t *  'here. 1 Undoubtedly the roar mention- Standing at the bottom;-and -looking  ed iu my  former  repoit  as   heard in up, :t' most beautiful  sight greets  the  "The   Deep  Cavcin" came, from this eyes.    It was at once named  /falls, whose"roar, when   Cougar.. Creek ^   , "tiiYdo.mi:.".  is liighest,.is thtilliug' beyond descrip-    YUI   progress    in^ii    southeasterly  t;on;    ���������*-   . - - direction along Cougar Creek   beyond o,  below   the  passageway   by  wiucn   wc and   thc   location   of   Cougar  Creek   fallen rock for a distance  of 300 feet,  Yen" described   ns   partly   in   ruins,  advanced.     In the old cb.nnnolway on running through it, is here  recorded,   then turning   to   the   right and still     e |n        itg original continuity in  a  this lower level arc to be sceu two very Passing on   in a southeasterly dir-  continuing down   through   a narrow-    V ������      .       .      1000  {*et   an(i   it8  . i._i...   io   r���������.,.    ,*���������   <ll ...mi-iir    nr,t;n��������� r,.n,.. fi.n nr.;nr  ���������. iv-n  ,i,-0t���������nnn' r .1 ��������� t... '    ���������f  ino   f������������������t   Btraignc   line   iui >    ^  large pot-holes IS   feet   in   diameter, cction from the point A for a distance  One of them,   with   an   niched   roof of   250   feet   an   old  water course is  about -10   feet   from   the  bottom,   is entered that we named  decorated in a most beautiful  manner "tiii: am* gai.lcrv'-'  ith carbonate of lime accumulations, because   of   the  beautiful deposits of  passageway for a distance of 100 feet Y^t broken condition, we have,  more, we entered a beautiful opening ^^ .fc ���������The lluined "Aqueduct."  or room which we called photograph 32 is of a beautiful brown ;  "thi; v.ridai. ciiambck." accumulation of lime surrounded by a  The decorations of carbonate ,of  lime  drapery of pure white.     No, 33 shows  A  FALLS ON COUGAR CREEK   BEFORE IT ENTERS CAVES.]   _ ' .       Photo by K..Co*K)laud, r��������� , t  NATURAL BRIDGE AT CAVES (showing underground cntiance of  stream).  _   1'lioto.by li. Copoluad,      ���������-..^r.,,:   r,      ..��������� ���������     -y . ������������������ THE'KOOTENAY MAIL.',.
IiV
b*
some fantastic formations of pure
white with ,a few small0 stalactites.
No. 3t is a chamber at tlio side of the
old waterway which we have named
"The White Grotto."
After ladders have been prepared
and put in place, at the "points mentioned as necessary, the exploration
can be continued.' No farther attempts were made at this time to
effect an entry.   .
A SMALL CHAMI5I.K
exists directly over the  north  end of
' "The Canyon" which was explored   in
September by  Mr.  Deutschman and
named by him "The fee Cave" because
INTERIOR VIEW OF CAVES. ���
riioto by W.IS.'Asrcs SI K.
thc ice remained in it during thc entire summor. This opening is mentioned in my former report as blocked
with ice, and was then designated as
"Entrance No. 2" believing that it
connected with the cave below. In
this repoit "Entrance No. 2" nicans
tlic entrance on the bed of Cougar
Creck, at the bottom of "The Canyon"
100 'feet perpendicularly below this
opening. This "Ice Cave" consists of
a nariow,passage about 80 font long,
then a chamber 20.\10 feet with two
branch passages leading from it, * each
about 100 feet long. ��� ,
An opening in the ravine 1700   feet
in a southeasterly direction fiom the
most southerly point of the blufV was
recently discovered by Mr. Deutschman and we next proceeded to it. We
were able to enter it for about 75 feet
only when tho passage biiinchcd and
became so small that, we could go no
faithor. This opening, while it may
piovo to be local and in no way connected,with the main cave, causes the
writei.to believe that theie. arc
(iui;at I'ossutiLiTiKs
still existing   as  to  the cjilont'of thc ���
main cave ' '
A  few  stalactites  were found 'here
and there in the old parts of the main
cave, pure white in color,   the largest ,
��� being. 18 inches long.     , " ���
i:.\"i'i:nt ok uavi;.
The pi'O'liction made in   my  former
report  that  "The  area   between  ICn-
trancos  Nos.  2,  II, iin'd <! and "Upper
'Goat" and "Douglas' Fn I Is" is  most
' probably a labyrinth  of   underground   '
w:atoi'ways,"   has" been ^almost,  fully
verified,   Mie   only   portion   not   yet
entered being tlie (riiinguliir space be-,.,
tween "Upper Goat Falls,"   "Douglas.
, Falls" and "Entrance No. 'I."     From  *
the conditions now known   it is only
logical to believe,that extensive open- <
ings exist in this  men.     The  piedic-
tion albo thnt "The oiio half  mile between "Lower  Goal,   Fulls'    and "the
"supposed outlet, should ho the largest,
part of tho cave by reason of accumulated waters," ' has 'been    verified   in
grealoi-'piii-l,.    Thai, '* .
"' a vi'.iiv i:nti:nsivi: uavuu.v iixists '
in this area, beyond Unit aheady explored and .shown on the 'map, is a
foregone conclusion '   '
The total length of the passageways
surveyed and measured by the writer '
'thus far amounted to about '1000 feet,
or four fifths of a mile.. To see the
caves at this time, before any improvements are made, the visitor must retrace his steps in every passageway,
thus doubling the distance named, lie
miiBt tin vol 8000 feet or one and three
fifths miles on the main passageways.
This docs not include lho distance between the entrance nor the little side
trips that will be made hero and theie
in the cave to get closer to the various
points of interest. Tho distance into
thc cave is now so great that it will
requite the visitor to be a pcisdn well
used to climbing in order to view thc
entire cave in one day.
t'KOiiAi'.i.r. ac)i: oi-* cavi:.
Tho nimble rocks in which the cave
c
(J
'
c'-^sj. 'ifA^f'
?S|S|gP^^^^^^ffigS
~    i. i<*_iil__3ia
IS-sIm-^
lra_i��_0_ffKi��M
V^A^imY
WmmA:YyM��m
^^^m
-_KfiBfi_8K
^^^^^^^^m
B^^^^a^BfmLV'ij^^^
IIlsI-I��f��>f_����SE_w^
^^^'-S^^^W^^W
^^^^^^^s|^P
WHISTLER FALLS AND  HEAD  OF  MILL RACE
(A  paradise for botanists).
{'Mo by A. O. Wtioolor.
COUGAR CREEK TAKING  ITS LAST WILD LEAP INTO THE.
AUDITORIUM.
Photo by A. O. WhQolor.
c tfl  ���������&SS-*,   ,,  c  : ' * i / **-��������� / ���������  CHRISTMAS   NUMBER.  Y>  ri  ENTRANCE TOCAVES  1MMED1ATELV ABOVE AUDITORIUM.    r  \    < '   U'liolo by A. 0. Whoolor       "������������������   ,        . s     '  is formed belong most probably, to the actually the present annual rate of  Devonian a'ge.> No fossils were found erosion. v A' niicrohicter *" measuring ,  however to positively verify this con- apparatus should be used and the area  'elusion.' L' The limestone, rocks have ot cross-section of the''rock eroded per  not . been completely changed into yard thus accuratly computed.'] Also  ma'ible nt all points ns" was observed the latio between thc area of the cross-  under -'Gopher  Biidge"and   iu  "Thc section of'the average 'stream and th'e  -INTERIOR^VIEW OF CAVE.  " ,   Photo by A. 0. Whoolor."  illi:cilliwai:t ' ''< arc  being mounted  and  will  be ex-  Terror." Notwithstanding the fact that area of the rock eroded should be de- is bound to be nn important point for hibited in the principal tourist hotels,  thc locks belong'to a comparatively termincd. And finally the quantity tourists. The scenery along the These views show choice bits of river  old series,yct the beginning of the cave of water passing the given section in mountain trails ia magnificent, and a and mountain scenery and big game  undoubtedly dates from a very recent one year, and its velocity, should be trip along the old Lanark trail alone hunting, and the large centre-piece is  geological time. ' accurately measuied.       , is worth the effort to make it.    From a photograph of the city of Revelstoke. '  Assuming the rate of erosion to be In contemplating the foregoing ������ point on the summit of the range Mr. Walker, an Englwh visitor and  onetliiriv-second'.ofaninchiiiayear, suggestion as to the probable age of below the old Lanaik mine is obtained hunter, who spent some months in  then to cut down one hund.cd feet of thc cave it should be borne in mind ��������������� of the finest views of the lllecilli- the district daring the past season,  rock, which' is about the average that where gravel nnd sand lodge in ^'aet valley, the surrounding moun-' expressed the opinion that Revelstoke  amount eioded in the main cave,        , thc bed   of the   stimuli   the   rate of tains and glaciers, to bo seen in a life- was the   most   interesting   point  tor,  erosion is many times less than where  tlnic-  would i;i:<'Uiiu: 3S/I00 vi:uis.  Any actual,rate greater or less than  this assumption   would   incieasc   or  11  diminish tho age   of   thc   cave.      In  several places  along  Cougar Creek,in  the'bottom   of   the cave an excellent,.  oppoituuity is afi'oided to  determine  the bed in continually swept clean   by  a more rapid current. ,  The above repot t is respectfully submitted  (Sgd.YW. S. Aykes,   -  Mining Engineer  , at iii:vi;lstoki:  a Tourist  Association .was  organised  tott-rists and hunters that he had yet  visited,..-���������.���������...��������� .  Among the points of'attraction are  this fall and steps arc being' taken   to  t,ic  give   special   attention  to  providing     ' silvi:k tip kalls    -(  . infoimation and the best means of on Eight .Mile Creek, a tributary of  reaching tliejvarious interesting points the Columbia River, and located about  tributary thereto. Tho Association seven miles north of Revelstoke. The  has obtained a series  of views which  frontispiece of.this number is a photo-  EXIT OF STREAM   FROMSUNDERGROUND AT FOOT  OF GOPHER BRIDGE.  Photo by A. O. Wlicolcr.  STEAMER " REVELSTOKE," j -, v������   ,  Y-    -Y j   W;        ���������*"��������� " /    V ' a  '  I    , 'f        ,   '   I ' ���������. >        i>     "���������<'������"  V - _ i .    i   "'     I' '  "graph of these, falls, which-consists  of carriage road  ���������"'two drops, the [IpweYone ,a stiaight, the canyon an  shoot of about*50 feet,~'presenting  .a     ';.-"-��������� -  magnificent sight.     j\. '.carriage load,'  -has-been'-*built*- from- Revelstoke ���������to-  within a mile of the falls, and vehicles  can be seemed at reasonable rates  for' ,  tourists who wish  to   make  the  trip.  The Tourist Association   have,had  n  trail made up th'e creek to the foot of  the falls and arrangements1 aie  being  made to extend the trail up   the  blnlV  to an abutment of lock1 standing out  over the falls on   which   rustic seats  will be  placed   to   enable   visitors to  enjoy  this  magnificent scene to the  ' ntmost advantage.      On   the   leturn  trip another grand view that is   taken  in is in the direction of Mt. Begbie.'  tiii: coi.umiiia caxyo.n"  is passed on the trip, and forms one of  the grandest pieces of scenery  to-be  met  with" anywhere.      Especially  at  high water in midsummer is the can-1-     -        A. 0.  yon to   be   seen   at .its   best.     The t,i Dominion  h JLLECJLLIWA1  <       ' ''        '   ' i *  iers could  cmry away, with   th  more   inteiestii'ttr "pictures .of  loliday tripr     *   " - ''" " *  CAI'T. DOUGLAS.  T RIVER AT'REVELSTOKE.  " ,. ^  I',,       i _.  " -i  Clll   110       '        0    ILLIXlLLIWAr.TiCAXYON- '-       "  *,  ��������� their  is west of the city about jthico4 miles.  -.,��������� ,-Hcrc the rivet-"" lias'rheivn-' a* 'narrow-  rugged channel "tlifpiiglij-solicit rock  giving the appearance, of 'basaltic'  columns. This fine piece'of scenery  is easily reached along the railroad,  and on the way the big'flume and  powerhouse'of the city lighting plant  is passed.  ' ��������� .I0IIDA.-C PASS,        ' '  to thc \vcst\ ot Revels'tokc, deserves  more attention than it has hitherto  had fiom a tourist point,of view. A  trail has been built along the valley  and the beauty of the waterfalls and  canyons is unsurpassed. ,  .MOUNT VIC'IOltfA,  im mediately behind the city of Revelstoke, is being made accessible to  ���������tourists by the construction of a trail  from the city ,to the summit of the  ���������"mountain,'" so that it may be conveniently reached on foot or on horseback.   The time occupied in  the  trip  *  /7.  LLECILLIWAET RIVER, REVELSTOKE. A n-,.JU.l  ,*������r,  1 I  ,     IJ / *   *  to-1 .  +>  .CHRISTMAS NUMBER  4*  t  -  1  )   ������  ������������, -  J* .  " t -.  ,������ '"-.-.  11.  *���������  *.  **  ^S^aW  ILLECII.LIWAET CAN VON  AT REVELSTOCE  ri  will be from two to four hours. At  the summit is a beautiful park of 1000  acies,'and here, practically at timber  line, the eye surveys a magnificent  . scene of giant snow-clad peaks and  glaciers, forested hills, and beautiful  valleys with their rivers and sticams  tortuously mcandeiing along their  valleys.  inn sTCAJinu trip  on   the   Columbia   River   should   be  taken in by every toui-ist  who   wishes  to  behold   the   mountains   in    their  \irgin  giandeur  and   with the   lea'-t'  exeition.     Thc  'steamer   Revelstoke,  which makes   the   trip  twice  a week  dining the tourist season, is a  inagni  ficcnt river boat, comfoitably equipped  with  excellent sleeping and   dining-  room accommodation.     She  is  commanded by one of  thc most  expen-  enced liver captains in the  west  and  all who  ha\e   travelled  by  her  ha\e  been   loud   in   their   piai-es  of   the  courtesy   extended   to   them   by the  officer*:, and of the   plcasuic   dcihcd  fiom one of the gi.mdest liver trips in  the   heart   of   the   mountains of the  continent.     Thc thril.ing experiences  of running the canyon, tiding on   the  ciestofthe  rilllcs,  and  miming   tie  rapids ns the steamer wends  her way  through the entrancing scenes of i iver  reach,   sky-aspiring    peaks,     glacier  coveied     mountains     and     roaring  cataracts, make the trip one ever to be  t   \,  COLUMBIA RIVER AND MT. BEGBIE, REVELSTOKE. STEAMER REVELSTOKE, PLYING ON COLUMBIA RTVER,  ~" BETWEEN REVELSTOKE AND BIG BEND. *  CAMPING OUT AT REVELSTOKE.  -'     -Y  *���������   Y \ * .'..*.**$7,  '  ,   -     i*    <������������������. %    Y   Y ] Y A.AA'a''' A>���������?<.--���������*">������&  f ���������   ~,    -���������-���������y.y*   Y   'S    aAA,a;:^a^:t-w  t>    -  *> " - ..      ..     '���������*'���������/-.    _.' Y   f -,..A    .%'Y" "   ���������; iXfr---&3$  1       ���������' Y '-*  -   ������i i**   i 'v,!rt*i,. *,.   *   v  '���������  Aa/\." i--AAyy^S  COLUMBIA CANYON, REVELSTOKE.  WRECK OF STEAMER LYTTON, ARROW LAKES. I    f  0 * y r  -tv.-"  ,,   , V,  p If  '    < 1  -^'���������W^l."''-'^''"-'"'--''^'"''''-^''?"*^^  6,       I'-       ~ '')   ",i  i i   Y'   ���������'  I  i  I I      J  '' - *v/ s  Y$f,  ���������  ���������/<  ih --,  CHRISTMAS'NUMBER i'     *   6\.', ���������'.������'.r,    /  -���������" ' A  t  X  V  A  *- *  "  <-  *���������         r  \  t>  r ,ij  ������  '  COLUMBIA RIVER, REVELSTOKE.  STEAMER KOOTENAY PLYING ON ARROW LAKES. *V������^>fJl������-*( *���������*���������]���������������������������-I  ,(���������������.������������ *Tri-" '  "pin  1 #  I        \y    t   \ -r .  .THE"KOOTENAY MAIL'1  "    i/.,-jTi���������'  D'? -  |i  THREE VALLEY LAKE, EAGLE PASS.   ������  u . ��������� .   -  )  :-���������-, <������,  ROBSON, AT FOOT OF ARROW LAKES.  -   rememberi d with    plenslue' and   iip-  pi(ciiili( n.  /The steamer iruns froni'iRevelstoUe  MoDownie  Cieek,  a distance of foity  miles, nnd during the period  of  very  ,,(high  water the trips <are made  from"  the head of  the  Canyon., The Navigation' Company have also secured a  pretty island   in the Columbia River,  about eight miles south of Revelstoke,  -which they intend making a resort to  ' .which  steamer  trips will   be  run 'at  intervals between thc'roguliir trips up  , * to the Big<'i:end. x   ,        ���������     .  ' Tin: Bio Br.xi)        '  Mountains also offer rare attractions.  Good bridle trails lead to their summits.  where are vast park-like  areas  dotted  with pretty tiecs, and   the surface of  ���������   the  ground  clothed  in   grasses,  pc.i-  ���������  vines,  and  flowering plants such  ns  makes   the   trip   a    rare    treat    to  botanists us well ns loveis of the finest  scenery   to  be  teen   the  world  over.  e Keystone Mountain, Standard   Basin,  'and Ground Hog Basin arc among the'  most    attractive     sections     of    this  character.    .���������  Mixixn  is to be'seen   actively going on   nt all  these points, and the  miners are big-  hear: ed hosts who spnie no tiouble to  give entertainment to their visitors.  South of Revelstoke are  Arkow Lakes,  reached   by the A. and  K. Railway.,  On these lakes is a  magnificent  fleet  of    steamers    connecting   with' the  Slocan   and  Rossland-Boundary   sections. , North from Arrowhead  is'the  north-east arm  of Arrow Lake, where  there arc two pretty townsites���������Coma-  plix    and   Beaton���������which  will   each  lepay a visit, affording line  boating  and fishing.     Thc trip is made on the  ' Bowman  Lumber Company's steamer  Piper.   From  these towns Camborne,  the seat of two stamp  mills and   the*  * centre   of   an l extensive    and   rich  mineral district is reached.     The trip  on   the   stage   through    Pish   River  Canyon affords one of the finest scenes  in the mountains.   , i  Twelve miles scuth of Arrowhead is  Halcyon,  where there aie hot springs abounding in lithia salts, a splendidly  equipped hotel and sat.itariutn. On  Halcyon Creek, near thc hotel, are  pretty waterfalls. Good boating and  fishing may aleo be had.  At  St. Leon,  six miles below Halcyon, there is a  well-equipped hotel and baths connected with hot springs two miles up  the mountain side. This is a lovely  spot, nnd is surpnseed for its scenic  attractions, while boats are also pro- "  vided, and the lake here is a favorite  spot   for   the    angler,      On    the  iiA ' ������  ''?  ' *  *'>Y  f)  CHRISTMAS' NUMBER-  iiA  mountains on" the west side of the'  lake  is a great deer-.and big  game,  '   country, ��������� '   '    '       , ,    Y ' *     " ' '   ''  Nakusp ���������"' - '  jis a- prettily located town, and is the  steamer junction of the railway leading to the mining section ,of  Sandon,  "nnd the pretty spots" on" Slocan" Lake "  and Nelson.    The  steamer  triiVfiom  Nakusp to Robson   is most enjoyable,  ��������� and at'the Narrows is to be seen  the'  wreck of the Lytton, one  of the first -  steamers run   on,, the  lakes  by   the  c.p.r.,-'"' ' 'r,  ';  - ���������*   .  ,    EAGLE PASS,       " ", -  ,v"west  of Revelstoke, is a'wonderfully c -  ���������  beautiful place for tourists. It abounds ',  .   in beautiful lakes and streams. 'Three , ���������  Valley Lake and  Frog-Creek Falls on  the Mundy Lumber Company's limits  are two of its finest sights. '"    ,  i .     Sioamous Lake --_.  ..  is   another  important  tourist  point,  the Shuswap Lakes affording excellent  boating and fishing, and the C.tP. 11.  have launches and   houseboats on the ,_  lake.      ' ' '   f  ''     The Okanagan Valley "  is well said to be the garden spot of  British Columbia." From Mara south  fertile farms stretch along both sides of ,  the railway. But it is as a fruit-growing centre that the .Oknnagan Valley  is'coming to the front, and no liner  orchards are to be seen'in Canada  than those at Enderby, Armstrong,  Kelowna, Vernon, Peachland, Sum-  merland, and Penticton. Peachland  rivals California in the growth of the  luscious fruit from which it takes its  name, and Okanagan fruit has twice  beaten the world at the exhibitions of  the Royal Horticultural S< ciety in  London, England. The trip on the  steamer Aberdeen on Okanagan Lake  is one of the finest lake trips in B. C."  .   IN KICK1NG-H0RSE CANYON'  How  a   C.  P. R.   Watchman  Keeps His Vigil.  John Clancy, the veteran C. P. R.  watchman at G'cnogle, says :���������" I  often wish that some  writer or artist  r  might have come into the canyon  and stayed a month with me lo describe or paint the glories of the  scenery of the valley,'- the rushing  white Kicking Horse River and the  rismg rugged hills of shape so varied,  and the great mountains on which the  snow fell always, even when it. was  raining down in the valley. We  were down 3,000 feet in the silent  'valley, and in the winter we saw 4he  sun shining on the pe-iks, but they  never got down in the canyon. In the  summer the sun would shine down to  the bottom, but not until late in the  day, and it would di.-appeir early.  "There   were     tlnee    buildings in  Glenogle���������my  own  shack, the shack  FALLS AT. HALCYON.  FISH CREEK FALLS, BETWEEN BEATON AND CAMBORNE.  ��������� occupie'd by thee'foreman,-and the one"  occupied by .the section men,'all of  these being Italians. The section men ���������  on the line, are all''Swedes.   I white '  -washed my shack, and-was. thinking  of <t name for it when a Swede brought  me a fine British"Columbia trout, and  I called it,Trout, Lodge, and  painted  the "name, on it in -.large letters. ���������* I  ���������wrote on .the house of'tlie section men'  ' " The City of Glenogle," and  on  the  > shack  of the foreman,   " The   Town ���������  Hall." ' Tourist's "going through would ,  ' read the names till they came ���������' to the .  town hall, and then they would laugh  ��������� till the canyon rang again. <���������  '' ��������� "Many of the towns, in  the mountains are called after old Scotch towns  as Glenogle'island I don't think it'*'  ��������� ought to be done.'   Last year a Scotch-- -  , man0came to  Craigellachie  thinking  there must be plenty of Scotch1 in a"  place, of that" name.    He  found   a  Chinaman, an  Irishman, and Siwash  .Indians," but    no   Scotchmen.    We  - always called oiir"point Kicking Horse   .  . Canyon, but it is called Glenogle on'  Ylie maps. 'The grade is, of course,  quite steep, going dow;n  the west side r  of 'the" mountain;  and   in  our   four  miles   there   is   not   half   a^mile of  straight     track.    From    Palisser' to  Golden the drop is 700 feet in twelve  miles.   The  engine of the' prairie is  not'used.     It is taken off, and two or  ���������thieebig mountain  engines are used  in its' place.    The tourists are never  taken through the canyon   except by  daylight, bo  that passengers can, see  the pass. ,,  HIS  WIRE   AND   HIS    Hlitl).  " My chief occupation wh3 the telegraph instrument. I could not have  lived there had it not been ;forcmy  instrument. At night it was always  ticking, and if there was_ anything  doing I was soon aware of it. 'It was  a railroad wire only, and only railway  messages were sent. I also had a bird  ' in my cabin in the valley, which is  now part, of myself. 1 would sooner  have carried it in my hand all the  way east if I thought anything might  happen to it, but I felt sure it was'all  right with my friends.' '-   ,;  In the early days Mr. Clancy was in  Emerson and lit the first tallow candle -  in thc first railway station in that  town. He was in Emerson when the  first railway locomotive was brought  across the Red River on the ice, and  when he came up to the city in '82 he  found it even more crowded than it  was in the spring of this jearj the  council being compelled to open tho  city hall and other public buildings so  that people could get a place to sleep.  He is said to be the hist of the old  men of the mountains, and will probably return and live and die there.  Get a copy  of "Picturesque  Revelstoke" to send to your friends; price $1, *"       i*1 ". if -1 f jt**7 ���������/ ' ^    r ^^  *���������' * A  )   ���������  -^      ar-rtf,4-���������!-{������.* i - '������*ii��������������� KS"^-"?;?:/-?!-*"'������'' '*1Sv' "V"%i*wwT'*@n'3^'iE,.-  ' V .Or ^ V I ,   ,* ,' 'l'i  I - r -  , t-f -H     ,       -      , ' ' J (jri  t    C ,   * .' . /Y   *        ,   ', !-*���������.*. *  f-    J  >���������>  t' iff  C* ',  *    I  ���������i t,  THE .KOOTENAY MAIL ';  Y '''  to      .  F-.       '  iY*Y  ��������� ��������� > .     '  1*,% \ " i  'f - "i  * *  5   l-  1    \  'X A  '    r.y  f,        !  '    ' STEAMER ABKKOKRN, PLYING ON OKANAGAN  LAKE.  Y ' . .-   .       y    *   Y  ' r,_ -   .    - t ���������������, ��������� - , i  > ,  f Y ,    i  CBJG CEDARS'CAMHOKNIS. '*-���������  ARROW LAKE, LOOKING SOUTH FROM ARROWHEAD  STEAMER Pil'ER, PLYING ON NORTHEAST ARM.  * >- %    Y   .  >-*YYC' 1 ;Y ' "'Y ������-.'''- - Y"   V"L  /-YY ,     4'\-srY ~Y"V/-  Y' -''  ���������">**- \  rtiitbLKi  COMA I'LL-., II. C.  NAKUSP, B. C. o,  s7  - CHRISTMAS-NUMBER.  > .  r  \UYj most remarkable features-of  .the year in regard to mining I  have been the high prices attained for all the metals���������the highest -  in-ten years���������and the cslablishment'of  the zinc smelting industry. In the case  of lead the priceexceeded.tho maximum  for which thc Dominion  Government  i  bonus was required 'to' enable lead  mining to be piolitably cairicd'on and  now the<bonus has ceased by icason  of that satisfactory fact. Silver has  been over.thc GO cent mink for some  lime and copper is higher than it  hJis |,  THE MINES  being   developed    being   known- to ,ore yet discovered   on   the   propertv.  extend for ten miles' at least fuither  Surface   indications   would   seem to  noith.   To the cast .arc to be  found  show the ore-bodies to be as much as  on thc Company's property  splendid, 100 ft. wide in places."   The" walliTof of the Columbia Eiyer, with r which it  showings of Hue and gieen carbonates  the-oie-bodics aie   slickensided  and  Mr'. Carmichael,   appendedjherewith',  may be taken as a reliable index ^to"  the high grade of the ore.-   Moreover  th'e   ore   is ��������� self-fluxing,   containing  enough iron and lime to make it so.  The property presents no difficulties  of operation.    It' is within six miles  of copper, while the schists are  often well   defined.     Cross-leads  ,of   later  found seamed with native copper. The origin  than 'the main "ore-bodies are  dip of thc ore-body averages So   to 4.5'also mineralised.   'Intact so strong is  .degrees N. 15.; the mineralisation that the mountain  been for the pasl,six vears with  ovo.y���������<>"   tho' west side  there  is an ex- and basin almost approaches a "stock-  'piospect of nrcaont prices being main-  oellont showing of o.e as  far as the work    ami ore may   he   found   any-  'tainod, or perhaps exceeded. .        "���������\ti>   boundary    of    the   Standaul where in it.    , 1 he ,^luetics of ore are  i >        Tin:  ma ni3si).     .   . Y ,. ' ���������* - - '.'>*',.  In-the-district of  no.th-   * "  it Development Company on  ���������nu: si \XDiKD mixi:,'  and thc results obtained. This  piopetty has now been developed for adepth oi f>50 feet on  thc clip of the oie-body which  has improicd'in quality and  quantity with depth  In the upper or No. 2 tunnel the cioss-cut shows a  width of six feet of oic In  the winze connecting No. 2  'tunnel and thc intermediate  there is an average width of  four feet of ore and theie is  still oie on the foot wall. ' In  the intermediate  tunnel, 75  STANDARD JUNE.  Showing No. 5 Intel mediate and No. 2 Tunnels.  could be connected with an aerial  tramway six miles in .-length. As  navigation is regularly carried'on  during the summer months it' is in-  tended'to place a smelter on the river  and handle the'ore practically on the  ground, the coke being the only requisite that would have to be freighted  in, in orderjthat the copper bullion  with its gold and silver contents' may be shipped out to  -1 the refinery. -  ��������� Tlerty of timber and water  .. power are available in the  vicinity .of the .property. A  good cabin and quarters has  been provided . for the employes, and development is  steadily being carried on with  satisfactory results. The.work  at the mine is in charge of  . Supt. Rumens. The oflice of  the company is in Revelstoke.  W. M. Brown is president of  the company, J. M. Scott secretary-treasurer, and J. Cul-  bertson and Dr. Delumutcr of  Missouri, are the fiscal agents.'  The nominal capital of the  Prince Company is $1,000,000.  The views published herewith show various features of  interest in connection with  the   property . and   the   re-  feet below No. 2, the ore-body has been property and particularly on the mainly chalcopyrite aed arseno-pyiite, port of thc pipvincial Bureau of In-  drifted on for 100 feet north and'30 Francis claim owned by J. I.Wood- with occasional occurrences of bornite, formation annexed stamps with the  feet south and aveiages 10 feet in row and otheis. Nunieious open cuts The development woik done pioves backing of the government the state-  width. \ in which ore is showing have been beyond question the existence of a ments made concerning the develop-  No. 5 tunnel is 180 feet on tho dip made on the propel ty, the Iron Chest large ore-body and the values given in ment of this important property which  below the intermediate and the ore -inim showing outcrops of the  finest theiepoitof the Piovincinl  Assiiyer, is attracting so   much   attention  ���������' ������������������"" ' ���������"" '"" '" "~                              ., ,                                                             Standard Basin in particular  to  has bsen drifted on for L35 ft.  noith and 50 feet south on  this le\cl with thc result that  theoic-body averages 12 feet  in width and oie is stiil indicated in the footwall! In  the uiioc being made to con-  , nect the lntciinedi ite and  No. 5 tunnel theie is an average of at, le.i.-t tiso feet of oie,  and in the lace, of tho noith  dtift tho oie. shoot is Mill  showing stiongly.  Thc Coin; any's piopcify  consisftof IS claims, and tliciu  aie liuim-roii-i mineral out-  cropi iu ad it ni to that being develnpod, to that the  pritMbiliii'.- of (lie piiipeity  in is imineii-i'. TJio oie nccin .  nssuei.itiil witb diortio dikea  panilleliiig one 'inother acioss  tliecountiy, I he .steatite found  o'|i the wull of the dyke now  *        J  -    '    iiMti   ii hi Y   iilMn '      'mi  .  ST A X J IA RIJ M O UN TA IN  Looking \\'o������t fiom St.indiud Mine.  and the mineral prospects of  the Big Bend in general. The  business of the Prince Mining  and Development Company  has been conducted in a  clean and straightforward  manner and has been a credit  to the officers ai.d the company.  CAItNLS   CltEICK.  Thc persistent work which  ,r. Kelly has done on the J.  and L. on Carnes Creck was  lcwiuded by the stiike of a  large body of high-grade ore  carrying y.inc and other min-  cials in payable quantity.  n.ACI'Jt MINING.  On McCullogh Creek the  Revelstoke aud McCullogh  Creek Hydraulic Company  took out a quantity of gold,  and A. E. Bradley wns very ���������LOOKING ACROSS SOUTH PORK OF DOWN I IS  CR10ICK  -'     FROM. STANDARD MINK. '     ���������,  successful in his operations.on,Fienoh  Creok on" behalf of American capitalists.  Good gold was struck on the American  Mining Company's hydraulic property  on French Creek.  FIELD 1011 l'KOSl'IXrrORS.  Development in the, Bend this  season was otherwise limited to assessment work, but the'prospects of that  'section were never brighter, and a' lot  ot Slocan prospectors and mining men  have declared their intention of getting into that country during the  coming season. There is a splendid  field for the prospector, there, as the  mineral indications are excellent for  copper, gold and silver-lead ores, while  the pegmatite dykes that follow thc  summit of the Selkirk Range abound  in mica deposits, which will warrant  attention as'soon as transportation is  supplied.  The big strike of silver-lead ore on  the Seymour River, just  west of the  Smith Creek Divide, has been bonded  for $2-10,000," and thc 'discovery is n  proof that little is yet known of the  prospective mineral. wealth of that*  section. The vein has been traced  eight miles, and is from four to 111  feet wide. > , -  Bulletin No. 2, being a rcpoit of the  provincial assayer, II. Carmichael, on  the Big Bend district, has just been  issued from the provincial bureau of  mines, as follows :  Big'Bend district is that portion of  British Columbia noith of the Canadian Pacific railway and enclosed by  thc Big Bend and Columbia river,  having an area of approximately 2,300  square miles. Ciossing the C. P. R.  at Beaver Mouth, the Columbia (lows  in a northwesterly direction for GO  miles, when it makes a sharp turn to  the left and flows south, again crossing  the railway at Revelstoke, 7G miles  south of the   Bend.     With   the ' cx-i  ccption of a few rapido, the river is  navigable for boats or canoes for the  entire distance, and the only bar to  stcainerniivigation is at La,Porte,' '10  miles above * Revelstoke, to'which  point a stornwheel steamer' now  ascends twice a week from Revelstoke,  the return journey being made in ono  day.     ���������  HISTORICAL.  In thespriug of 1SG5 four boatloads  of prospectors left Milieus, in Washington territory, to prospect the Columbia river. They wcro headed by  livcjucn who, in some form or other,  have left their maik upon the country,  a creek, a basin, or a mountain peak  being named after them. These men  were Win, Downic,IIy. Caincs,Nelson,  l)c Mars, Louis Lee and Steve Lib-  ei ty.  Ascending the Columbia through  the Arrow lakes, prospecting as they  went, they lirst struck gold on Carnes  . I'roviiluiil I'linco illniiiiK A Uuvclopnicnt Co.  i,      i c ,  crook, 20 miles above'lhe picsenttown  of Revelstoke.. Washing here proved  ,so successful- that the n.u-lv decided  to send some^of their number back to  Marcus for more supplies, while the'  remainder wliip-sawcd lumber and  put in sluice boxes. While the return  party w.iS' at Mai ens sonic of thc  others prospected the. creeks further  up the Columbia, striking gold on a  number of' them," the best, however,  being McCulloch and French creeks. ���������  The new-s of the discovery of go'd in  this region tiavclcd 'down lo Marcus  and through thc West, with the result  that in tho following year (1SGG) there  was a rush to this section, the population becoming between 8,000 and  10,000 people. 'A steamer was built  nt Milieus! called "The 49," and during the one season (1S66) made 37  trips from Maictts to La Porte, where  a rapid blocks further continuous  navigation. <��������� In   the same year the  J. M. SCOTT,  $���������;(.-,-Tri-w, Prin") Mirnar A. I><-W'l'i'uurtit Oj.  MORRIS  I'KAK.  Looking Kusl fiom Standard  Mine. *.t���������U    ^  -At..   -I   "h   A1J  j!  ���������������/!/'  <*���������  * ���������$  v government appointed' U'" late Hon.  Peter O'Reilly as gold'commissioner  at Fienuh Cieek. 'Y  ' ' Quiteicccntly a'pnir-ofpld   English  ' handciitVi and pirt of a   billiaid 'table '  weie unearthed,', leinindeis   of   these  early i'.i}&.      It   has   been estimated,  that .some ,'$,'5,000,000   in'   gold were  -"taken out in 1SG5-G, a .15375 nugget be- '  ing found on French cieek. '   "    -  '   Tnuel'was not cnthcly confined to'  ��������� the Columbia, liver, as   p.nties  came,  in from K.imloop--   with   pack   trains,  ��������� following down   Smith* cieek   to   the h  Columbia opposite Cold cieek.     This  'placer excitement died down", many of  the mineis  going   to   Pony  creek in  ' ' Knst Kootenay', others pushing noitli-  " ward until they stiuck%thc Peace and  Fin lay   rivers,   bringing   tlie    placer  camp of'Omineca into existence.  Fiom this time the Big Bcnd'dis-  trict took a long rest, com piuari vciy  little mining being done., and that  confined to placer and hydraulic  claims,  no  lode  mining being prosc-  ' - cuted.' In 1S9G prospecting for quail/.  C. J. RUMENS, S UP F.R I NT UNDENT STANDARD MINE.  ,.  was commenced in this legion, but,  unfortunately, had barely begun be:  foie the wave of mining development  over thc whole of tho Northwest showed signs of slacking; the prospector,  not seeing a buyer for his claims,  turned his attention elsewhere, and  Big Bend district continued to slumber .1 little longer.  roi'M.mox.  The entire region is rugged, the  mountains rising rapidly from thc  Columbia river. The lower hills and  benches are covered with a heavy  growth of timber, consisting of Doug-,  las fir, cedar and white pine; timber  line being reached at un altitude of  0,000 feet above the river, or 7,500 feet  above sea lcvol.  C H RISTMAS' NUMBER  CABIN" AND   BUNK1IOUSE, STANDARD MINE.   ���������  EVA STAMP MILL, CAMBORNE.  On'the divides between  the .creeks,  at an elevation of 7,500 feet, there is a,  considcraljlc'area   of   whnt^might be'   .  called a"iolling plateau or ,park land,  from which peaks rise   from  1',000'to    o"'  2,000 feet .still  higher.     In  summer-,'  these grassy slopes ,furnish 'excellent,  food- for   pack" animals;, the5'rocky k '  portions are easily seen, and prospecting does-not present "the-difficulties "-  encountered in the thickYinderbrush'  of thc lower, altitudes.    An easy grade  to'these plateau regions is obtained by,  following   up  'the   numerous   creeks  flowing into the Columbia'river.   .For  instance, the "divide above-Standard ,  basin'is reached by following up Five- .  Mile creek on a gradual grade of about  GOO feet to the mile.     Some   of   the''  creeks, however, are much.steeper.  -From personal observation' and- in-.  ' formation'obtained, the' country/rock  of the Big Bend' district seems to be  schiBt', a typical sample of which* was  "sent"to Dr. ^Dresser,   who "gives/the     ,  following report :'       "       *-       ���������  o    ��������� . ,     ,    '"  i        t-  '    '   COUNTRY "HOCK  , .        ' ' ���������   ' i    ��������� '  " Hand-Specimenl-f^A greenish grey  ' rock, r. apparen tly consisting. of, dark,,   ,-  schistose serpentine/and-.-containing,. ..  small   layers ,of" calcite'   along\the  'cleavage lines.    Tlie latter mineral is'  so pure,as to effervesce readily with   <"  cold 'hydrochloric acid.  " Thin Microscopic" Section.---The  , rock is found to be composed'of 'serpentine/ quartz, feldspar, and remnants, or alteration products, of some .  ferro-magnesian mineral. The feldspar  is by far the most abundant mineral,  and, with the calcite and quartz,  makes up the essential part of the  rock.  "The alteration of the original  rock is so complete that few, if any,  paits^ of the primary minerals remain. It is an impure serpentine, r  evidently derived by, alteration-from a  rock whose original composition was  between that of a' gabbro or-diabase,  and a peridotite." , . '  The country rock, where" seen, did  not show much loca] contortion, and  the open ground on the divides makes  it easy to see the strata and to'prospect. So far as examined, mineralization seems to have- taken* place along  /ones of movement in the schist and *  Lpaiallel with the strike. No .veins  were observed crossing the formation.  The vein filling differs in different ^  properties and in different 'parts  of the same vein. In ' places *' it  is quartz showing a remarkable banded  structure ; in others.. copper and iron  pyrites or zinc blend have been deposited in the original schist, and are  minutely interbanded.  Prospecting in the region above  timber line is easy, compared with  tho densely-wooded portions of the  province.     Communication will-un- ,y     v   ia  ,������ r    Y  A ������ '  n,*  ���������r  ���������-*-..  f   n  J     4      I  ' * THE*K'00TENA7 mAYl. ,V,\,>  'A A  if  ������,      '  I  f  n  i      i ,  <-,<-���������  il  " >,   r"      >'  f  rt  r  i  f  ,   AAA  i   .-,-.<���������  OYSTEK-CRITERION STAMP MILL, CAMBORNE,  INTERMEDIATE TUNNEL, BEATRICE MINE. t      '1   -v.  !   A   M   Y-  i   .-,-.<���������  A     \   ,  I r  ii'     f   i  , I  YY, ---  <��������������� (������������������,  v  .���������*A ,^u������, U<   V   ^.OJ I      ^.    j.,  n     p.r.1   -.   ]->   ������. W -fl  , I ' \      A,,  i, '        r -      J s  ������ ,        ������ ' r      " ' ft  <  ..' '< Iv   1  " v  t  ,    ���������=���������  1       *    +  ,\   ''.^CHRISTMAS 'NJJMBER'     Y '  i     ii  'ft    .  ti  y      lJt  * / '  r  <������ *ta  -*������������������������  i   THE CAMP, BEATRICE MINE/,  Y - - Yl-Y '-.i,^-' 'Y1-, -     ���������-"   ;**,-,   -AX'-'AArAr- <-.,'i^-'  xi' ��������� .'-*,'������-���������.���������'-���������   f*, .a* .*���������" --, /���������''-���������' ,~,'-> '     .< si-i >V';A������i,v: *������������������.������.  :y   ' ?>,/;���������  ���������_-���������'*���������-'���������.���������    '. Y'1'"   " Y~ .-<? o^Y,-^  -..'.-^ y; v- -"'" -��������� -'Y <*>" * ^syyV' :  -     RED MOUNTAIN, ROSSLAND,  Showing Le Rot and Center St.n  Mines.  i,  ���������    <*-  I-7'-  LE ROl NO. 2 MILL, ROSSLAND.     '*  B   C_ COPPER'COMPANY'S SMELTER, GREENWOOD.  -t,  ?  AfA  'Vi  f^^-A'/Y - , v-  y.  * \   '-���������sf'^.'Y,  *   - -7"Y-=?: YY'  WHITE BEAR MILL, ROSSLAND.  CANADIAN SMELTING WORKS,-TRAIL. ' ., <  THE .KOOTENAY MAIL  1 "' < -.  i   doubted ly be better in thc future, so  "  this section appears  to offer a favour-  - able field ' for thc,prospector, and after  him the mining engineer/   ,  >,    J. AND L.   GHOUr.  IT ' ,  The J. and L. group is situated on  ' Goat Mountain, at the 'head  of  thc  (Jeast fork of Carnes creek. -1, Thc group <--  ,   consists of live claims���������the Eli  audi*  J. and'L., owned'by L. T. George and  J. P. Kelly ; tbe Badger, owned  hy J.  P. Kelly ; and 'the  Annie  M., owned  by E. McBean and - J. 'P. 'Kelly.'  The  foot of-.Goat mountain is reached by  a trail from Carnes creck to,the forkb;' ��������� ,  .-< i-  thence following up the east fork to  the mine cabin at the base of the  mountain,, where it is 1,050 feet above ,,  - the Columbia river, the length of the  trail being nine miles. Thecxposuics  of country rock on the trail were all  schist,'. interbedded , here   and', there  .'with limestone.   Goat Mountain consists entirely of   schist, and   cutting  ,  diagonally   across   a   shoulder   is ��������� a   ,  mineralized zone in the schist, having  the same strike as the schist, and dipping., with it into, thc hill'at an  angle  of about 30 degrees. < <-    ���������  . ,'*,'.  r-   The southern slope of Goat moun-    '���������  " STEAM tilt"'PROCl'EH," ?  '     -  Plying Between Trout Lake and Gerraiil.'  silver,  tain is very steep, rising at an angle above the mine cabin,atid an cxamina- driven in through a schi-t, formation   following lcsults : Gold. .G oz.  of 40 degrees.   The vein or  mineral    tion  was commenced at  that  point, n little below the outcrop of the   vein,  4 4 o<!. ; copper, none.        r  ized zone was first struck in.the creek gradually dcsccnding'nnd at the same  mid when 90 feet of it cuts  the   vein       cjtill  fuithc'r  round  thc   mountain  at   the   base   of/he   mountain,   but'time going around   the  mountain   to  diagonally where  in is  about  8   feet   and G00 feet under a ciosscut through  .little, work  was   done at   this point, the east. ' /* wide, dipping with the schist into the   fbc schist was made below an outcrop '  The highest workings  are  1,200 fett      At 1,200 feet( altitude a  tunnel was  hill at an   angle   of  30 degrees,  and   of the vein,'and at  00  ft,ct in thc ore  - ' having a strike of N. (if) W. bjdy was oiosscut diagonally,   liaving  ��������� From the end of the crosscut a il slightly t steeper dip than noted  drift was run to the right GO feet on above, .being here'15 degiecs. Adrift  the vein, which is soft and entirely on the vein was then run to the right,  decomposed, no doubt largely due to il distance of 117 feet; a bend bete  ' the decomposition of'aisenical iron causing the tunnel to slightly change  in vein matter so close to thc surface,  ''s diiection.  this mineral being noted nt other Thc oie body here is from 1 to 4  points in thc deposit. The hanging feet wide, .zinc blend 'showing, how-  wall is schist and the footwnll lime- ever, more largely, in one place being  stone, and both are well marked with 2 feet'.) inches wide. Assays from thc  several inches ol red gouge on each. long tunnel gave gold, .28 oz. ; silver,  Some fit) feet below this 'tipper '-1-2 0/- '��������� copper, trace; lead, hone;  tunnel and about 750 feet horizon- zinc, 30.75 pei cent.,  tally lound thc hill is an1 open cut, A"small open cut, midway between  which shows the oio body to have thc t���������*& tunnel and the incline above,  'same characteristics as noted above, dearly shows the oie body some 2  mid to'bo about 3 feel wide. , At fect G inches wide, .with a dip of d'J  275 feet below the upper tunnel, and degrees, tho inineiali/.alion being zinc  Still fuitlier round the hill, an incline blend, arsenical iron, and galena. Thc  was sunk on the vein to a deptirof 50 v:Uucs of a sample taken from this  feet.- On tlio surface the character- opc��������� Ci,t gavc as follows : Gold .G2  istics weie much tho same as noted 0J!. ; silver, 4*oz. ; copper, trace ; zinc,  above, the oie body being d foct wide,   5.95 per cent.  with schist hanging wall and lime ti)C work done on this property  foot wall, with 10 inches of led gauge si,0ws that there is a vein or impreg-  011 thc laltcr. nn ted zone in thc schist country  rock  On descending thc incline and a few and along a contact, with limestone  feet fiom the surface the vein loses its extending from high up thc mountain  decomposed nature, and becomes very to tho creek below, varying in width  distinctly banded in character, quartz and mineralization, but showing great  and schist being intcrbanded with permanence. In places the ore is  11ibc11ic.il pyrites, the latter being in solid, carrying good values ; in others  bands of one to two inches wido. concentration would be required. Tho  Assays  from   the   incline  gave the work which   has been already done  MISERS' PACK TRAIN, TROUT LAKE, //j"-:.)  CHRISTMAS NUMBER  HALL MINES'SMELTEIi, NELSON.  .      t  * =>'  'Untlier1-development.  Assays' obtained-;by   the owners from  dift'eient pints of  the 'vein  give,  following lesults :' *'  Gold.  .33  .03  .11  .24  Silver.  . 1G4 .  . 2G .  . 13 S .  20 52  Copper.  ..     G ..  .G .  .    3.8 .  .. 1.9 .,  -Lead.  . 27 2  .    35  )*'^  Ii  n  n  STIXDAK1)  GHOUL'.  The Standaul group embraces  eleven chims, and is owned'by the  Prince Mining and Development Co.,  of Revelstoke, 3 C. The propcity is  situated on a small divide, between  two forks at the headwateis of one of  the southeast branches of Downic  Creek, flowing into the' Columbia  River. ' The' claims aie reached  from' the Columbia river by a  trail 12 miles long, following  ' up Five-Mile creek, and mossing  over the divide into Downic creek.  The altitude of the divide is G,000 feet  above the Columbia, about 7,500 feet  above sea level, and is just above  timbei lino. The summit is practically clear of timber, although ,a few  bundled feet lower there is a laigo  extent of line park-like country, with  clumps of tiees and the best of feed  for cattle and horses during the  summer months.  south.   The last two levels have been  and not^ in   any solid   masses of the '  connected by an npr.iisofdriven on the' schist itself. ���������   Payable mineralization  * zone, drifts 70 feet long being run from  does not exist across-the 'entire zone,  the upraise midway' between  the two lis in places , the   black   schist occurs  lovels. ' " without any mineralization whatever,  ^   .,'     ,,-'. '       ���������    .      i    ...   " Y.���������  but there  'arc   cavities* in  the schist'  'Besides  this  m..in  work,. there are   uul i" - *.  'other tunnels atuLopen outs on other which have been-entirely filled with  poitionsofthe propc.y. The work ore bearing solutions and represent  done goes to p.ove that'there exists in solid lenses of ore 4 to 8 feet th ck;  the veiy dark talcose schist a minera- - The mineralization consists largely  , .lized zone; having a width of about 40 of arsenical iron and copper pyrites,  fcet'in the tunnels and t.acc.ble for a with a little.torn.te. Assays of selec -  very considerable distance. A close ed samples gave : Gold 32 ox.; si-  ex-amin.Uion of the vein*matter would ver, 1.4 oz ; and copper lo pw cent. ���������  indic.itcth.it there h.is been consider- While quartz was noted as a, portion  able movement, the.black schist being of the vein filling, it is not nearly so  slicken-sided to a niarked deg.ee', but 'prominent as might be expected from  '-it would appear th.it the mineral- the number of quartz o-itcrops seen at_  bearing solution hid not penetrated different points on the surface,  the zone until after tliis movement' Difficulties of transportation; at, pre-  /h.idceased/isthemine.al is found to sent militate against the claims but  be between the foliation of  thc  schist" there is good ground for hoping.that  (     fuither woik will prove up a property  "   Y ,   .   , "     * which, by offering a large tonnage  of  ore, will overcome this difficulty. < *  ' ' An effort was made to lind the. Keystone group of claims, on which a  'considerable amount of-woik has been  .done, but this propeity was missed,  owing to the entire obliteration of the  trail on the Keystone divide.  r '  FISH CREEK  is unquestionably one of the richest  mineral camps in the Province, and it  ���������is-only a matter of- a little time till  capitalists will ,be falling over each  other to secuie investments in that  section. Good steady development  work is being done on seveial pio-  psrties with satisfactory results. The  camp has passed the experimental  stage, and reached a profit-earning  basis where the average values of tho  ores and cost of production are known  THE  EVA  Mine is the pioneer of that section,  and is a fiee-gold property. ,It has  been under development for  the  past  r*. wir^wBMMhSi.^^                                                       '������������������w.y������ii|iaifwii imfr'nlft P  ^^^^^^^^|E^gBg^^^S^  l$^iti!������-i!>*i^<-j(i  -��������� ifflnafflwwiiTl^                   f Tinlff 11/     ll'tiniii *rPf������ BIHi ffi  "*B������M^i!iTifflnmW  By  %^���������  ^^^^^^m^m^^^^^mmmmam  ~ "T^MmS*^^  LEAD REFINERY, TRAIL' SMELTER.  three in number, and  have  been   run  as follows:  The lowest tunnel crosscuts the for-'  ���������nation and was run 315 feet. At 275  feet a mineralised zone was struck  and was estimated to be about 45 feet  thick. Drifts were run on this zone  The countiy lock over this whole N. 40 degices W. and S. 40 degrees E ,  neighbourhood isa well-markcdschist, sl total distance of 140 feet. This zone  inteibaudcd with limestone and out- was found to have a dip of 24 degiees  crops of qti.utz, often c.iriying miner- N. 13. and a strike of S 40 digiees E.,  als, aie numerous. Ne.uly on thc in confoimity with the schist countiy  crest of the divide a minei.iliz.cd zone jock on thc hillside. '  in the schist tcctus, which has been A second tunnel, inn at an elevation  traced for over a mile along the ridge of 1 SI feet ��������� above the lower tunnel,  by outcrops and open culs in the struck the zone ref"rrcd to at 1-10 feet,  directions of the approximate strike of when drifts were run, par illel with  flic schist country rock. those   below,  a   total distattcr, of I GO  To prove the value of this deposit, a   feet,  scries of tunnels was run in to the hill-       At  a  further  elevation   of 120 feet  side,  cros-seutting  the  formation,  at   above this a third tunnel  was  driven,  the point   where   the   mineralization   cutting thid   zone   at   150 feet, when  showed strongest.    These tunnels arc drifts of 70 feet were  run  north  and  '/     v'������i-v   /*' ^   '"-  <,  ,    t )i jl-".1 ^.Art^'-c*'  - ������'' *. ;���������;?*���������;  a.    ���������-.-,' ������>$$& JAJi>������lTiA- '' '?��������� '.- -.flg&llK  :'A.ip,  '^S'.A-'rlSii  C  BRITANNIA SMKLTKIt, CROFTON. V i:  i  THE'KOOTENAY MAIL  , six years .under? the  'supervision   of have been',' cleanly conducted by J. R.  Sp'okano,-Washington, lending'awnrds. shippers   are 'the,? Lo -Roi   nnd 'the  A.-H; Gracey, M.E.,  and, [the , per- "Buttorff/of * Elwood, < Ind.,  who   is  At Nelson the Widdowson'.gold medal Centre Star, which  onch avoi ago'from  * Bistency and systematic work done by-secretary-treasurer of the company.      for the  best,'mineral   specimen , was 2,000 to 2,500 tons��������� a week.   Tho ,Lo  Mr. Gracey are a matter for admira-    - Qn  Goat ' Mountain . the   success, awarded  to'a gold nugget from the Roi  is now being developed - to' the  tion. Over 1,000 feet of' development', attending .the development of the Lucky,,.Tack,, at''Poplar Creek ; the 1,500"feet'level,-and a contract has  work was done during tho year, nnd  Mammoth has  attracted great alien- silver medal   for  the best aH   round' been let  for going down (o the 1,750  about 10,000 tons of. ore put  through   tion.'-The owners'of the property 'cxhibit'-of   minerals   fell   to    F.   C. fccfPlcvcl owing fo'such excellent .ore,  '.'the mill. _'In_* March 'last u bodyi.of the Edward Haillie Syndicate of Ross-  Elliott's Trout  Lalce^ collection.' At lately.struck in  the lowest workings,  better grade ore was struck, and was land���������havo made several shipments of Spokane this collection  also1 won the The   Uosslimd pay-roll  is $155,000 a  gold bricks at, about !{IG,000 a" month,   to bo eight feet wide." A' winter camp' exhibit were Silver Cup, Triune, Noble Mine, iioV'oporaling.Mts own smeller,'  Tliis is done  with' a lon-slamp  mill,   ]llls   ijCOn   put   in, and  development   l'''vo, LX'.L. (Swede), Winslow, Crom-  is putting through 300 tons a week.-  "  and it is expected that  by increasing  the capacity of thc liiill   the cost of  production can be reduced to $2 a ton,  . and   if. so* the  mine enn  be made a  handsome dividend payer. ���������.      ,..  Till: OYSTI.'lt   OUITEIHON        '  .  'is on the same ,ore body as the,.Eva formed in Calumet,'Mich..  arid will average, in value about the ,     same.' Am'pie capital  is  being raised ', ���������,.,,, . n,oIM1,  i .   '  .'. ' i    '   i      ��������� - '        ill h IjAKUI'jAU  ' to put this mine on  .a  lirst-class basis  as   regards   plants and   development.  worlc will be pushed during the winter  well,!Lucky Jim,  Anilu, Fidelity, Old"     ��������� tiik uouxdauv  months. . '- ', Gold, Nettie , L.,   Baltimore,   Copper is making a,woiulcrful record and has  tiik iioi.ni''iNCH,<        ������������������  ���������    -' Chief,'-Lucky   Hoy,   Great  Northern, given tho world its fifth biggest copper  mine. Tho Granby Company is' now  shipping 2,750 tons a day, and its  smeller is .running seven blast,furnaces Turning out ns much as 3G9 bars  blister copper a day, these bars uvcrng-  which is 'equipped with a ten-stamp Wil,ow Ci,'0,,S(;' K'������V1''c''i bonanza,  mill, will probably be again operated 1>ll'������: Grnf,d iSol<'' Lmson V,cw>  by a ncw'Icompany,   which  has  been  Calumet, and Ifccla, Silver Bell, I.X.I,  (Milloy), Lucky Jack. ' ���������     .  / , , ,,, ' I.V   SI.OOAN ���������  mining appears unusually quiet.    The  ing 300  lbs, each."   The.', Granby   is  Rambler-Cariboo completed their low-  mining a million tons of wc  a year,  More .interest is being shown  than  level tunnel of '1,000 feet and  struck producing   1300.000   lbs,   of-copper,  _,                   ,               ...                                .   -,-,        , UUU      Ul'Ui .lUlilt:      Vim   nnu   in    will.  aiJiii'ti. ULItiUUK      IU1      llllltlllll      III       UlU^UU  srs. Coovert and Benson, of Port- J          ������                      ���������!���������,-. ���������,   ,  l  ,   .     ., The   Reward  Company are   puahing Kootenay Lake camps.  , who  became interested   in   tho ,,..-,           .   .         ,   ������������������ ���������<   , ,  '                       ,                          ti . their.devclopmcnt tunnel.  1 lie placer south kooti-nay.  ierty, put up the necessary capital ,.'     .            .,    ,      .       " ,   ���������,      . ���������,,     ,.              ,,   L L,        .'       r  ,'    ,     :          a    ,. , . ,. gold claims on the La rdcau at Trout The discovery thaktho veins of  The lost monthlv gold'brick produced' ever in thc Trout  Lake-Ferguson sec- ore, with thc result the shares went up  costing between S and i) cents   per  lb.  from the ten-stamp  mill   operated   in   tion*   interests-in*'the  Wagner, andto '30 ,cents!   'Slocan   ore   shipments  lind selling in-Now York'at  17-cents.  " "   ' ' ' "       Surprise groups have been sold at good average 700 tons a week: " ��������� '     In the mini there arc ten million tons  Jiguios1.'   The-Metropolitan  Company     'The   purchase of   the   Highlander of ore blocked out and another  fifteen^  have bought outright the Triune. The. Mine at Ainsworth  by P.  Hums,' tho  million tons of ore partially developed.  Ferguson Mines-have struck   a   fine acquisition of several properties hy the The ore-body'is 700 feet wide avcrag-  body of high-grade  ore in   their.low  Canadian Metals  Company, and  the  injr'in value 2.1- per  cent copper  and.  level at a depth of 700 feet,'and are successful concentration of  the  zinc ll.75 a ton in gold mid silver  values,  getting it developed ready for shipping ores of the Ruth  are  improving  the The mining and smelting charges run  and  operating the mill in the spring,  outlook   for  mining  in   Slocan   and   from $3.50 lo $3.75 a  ton.1    It   is  intended to increase the capacity  of the  .smelter to 5000 tons' a day, raising the  gold claims on the La rdcau at Trout      The discovery thaktho veins of  the company's annual proceeds from  $2,-  Lake are being operated.   Thc Black Ymir Mine are on a true Jissure, with  525,000 to $3,500,000 a year.  Warrior made a shipment of ore which 'extensive new ore-bodies carrying, the  ' .        jcami.ooi'.s  ran $9G a ton, and development is best values found in the mine, has should have more attention as a cop-  .'���������']]"h' Soin������al'eacl* The Broadview has been, improved the'reputation of British per camp. The Iron Mask . has, a  .taken up by a local syndicate, and is Columbia with mining investors. The million dollars of ore insight, has  being developed with satisfactory re- manager estimates the new strike will well-equipped reduction : works, and  suits, a quantity of ore having been average $15 a ton, and steps are being will probably install its own smelter,  already shipped.   The (Copper Chief taken   to develop it for GOO feet in si.milkameen n  has been further developed, showing an depth���������from the 400 to the 1,000 feet  will show rapid mineral development  ore body of three feet. "To'Trout Lake level. '      -      now   that   the   C.   P.   R. and Gieat  . ,     ., .   .   , . ,   ,,       belongs the honour of winning, at the      Rossland shipped   3IG,2G9  tons   of  Northern are both building  in   there,  reward for the  manner in which they      ,.,?,.       ,  ,,    ^ XT ,       ���������__   - ,     ., , .      ,.���������     , ��������� , .  ,- .       ,     ...   ,A. .     A  exhibitions held at Nelson, B.C.,-and  ore for thc , year   to date.   Thc  big The Nickel Pate at 1 fed ev is making  have  stayed   with  this   property   for - ������ - "  a great name for that camp.    Jn that  miic there is ore blocked  out  to   the  value of $4,000,000. the gold contents  averaging $15.     The ore is treated in  a 40 stamp mill.     A   smelter will be  installed   to   tteat   the concentrates,  which will run largely in copper.   Thc  oie is arsenical pyiite.  connection iwith   this   property   was  valued at about $G,000.;  THE heatkick  is'tbe  next most important mine in  ,the camp.     Development  work   last  'spring resulted   in an extensive' body  of high-grade ore  being  exposed, and  Messrs. Coovert and Benson, of Port  land  property  for further development, which is being  actively carried on, a contract having  been let to J^ Lade for extension of  the low-level cross-cut tunnel. When  this reaches the lead a raise  made to' connect with the upper  workings, giving a depth of 425 feet on  the property. Two baby trains have  been erected, and a steel car track is  being laid. F. Fullmer, thc manager,  and Mrs. Anderson deserve the best  stayed   with  this   property  years.  .THE  SIJ.VEJ*.   DOI.r.AK,  the property of the Elwood Tin-  workers Mining Company, is another  promising ' property. A sawmill,  power plant, and duplex compressor  have been installed, and a building  erected to accommodate a mill, which  will be in operation in the spring.  Thc mill will have a capacity of 130  tons a dtiy. An aerial tramway 7,000  feet in length will be.built ; 2,000 feet  of development work lias been done,  and the on; body is unusually wide,  being stated at over 30 feet, while  the reported values arc $15 a ton, This  company has-.tuck to fish Creek o.inip  foryeaii*, and has developed Hcveial  properties with .i view of gelling n,  sure dividend payer for tho slnue-  lioldtrs.    Tlic .ilLiirs of tho company  GUANIJY HMI'lLTICI1, GUAJS'D FORKS.  The business of Revelstoke is extending. A new furniture store is  being promoted by a local company,  and a number of local men nic also  figuring on establishing a department  store. Another real estate and insurance oflice is projected, and also ii  mining brokerage ollice.  Good advcirising is the fuel that  keeps the, I ires of business bright.  The K<)oti:nav Mail supplies the best  advertising fuel. Ii  l-E-SI  ,   )3a  ,     ftV  ' I  -V  '     i '-  i      -  t���������*.  p <t  &*  &  CHRISTMAS NUMBER"  CHRIST MAS  ���������   '     Colnos but once a year ; 'tis  everyone's delight '      '   .  . -  To   D R I n0k:      '     :���������  the Old' Favourite---  .   ������������������       >- s". > ���������   ���������  _  v     ROBERTSON'S   PORTS   &   SHERRIES, A   -  Those Old ���������Stan-i-byi'-*        "       '   ������������������   ,     *      "'      '   ''    '  USHERS   SCOTCH   WHISKIES.  To say nothing of , ' _       *  OLD   RYE ^WHISKIES,    ' ''0'y  1 For Connoisseurs      , " .' '  '.,= POMMERY& GRENO & MUMM'S CHAMPAGNE.  And an endless variety, of .other good things too numerous to mention.  * THE REVELSTOKE WINE  AND  SPIRIT COMPANY! LTD...,  Y>- '    HKAI'lJUAltTKHS   KOI!   Till'.   KOOTEXA VS. ' , '"'    '"'  S.    McMahon,  ,      ,      BLACKSMITH    AND   WHEELWRIGHT, '  REVELSTOKE.    B.C.,,  'Has been appointed Agent for the Fairchild Company, of, Winni-  ��������� peg,%the John Deere" Plow Company, the' Molifie'Wagon Company, and the Canada 'Carriage Company, of Hroukville, and  will carry .full l stocks of Cutters, W.agons, Plows", Carriage  Furnishings and Agricultural Implements of all-kinds.  ' . Orders placed with him will ,be filled with the best class, of  manufacture in the market.   % '    "  J  ORIENTAL HOTEL  suitably   furnished   with ^ the   choicest  the   '  market affords. ���������     Best Wines, Liquors' and  Cigars.    Rates $i a day.     Monthly rate.  J-.   ALBERT      STOjNYEL    PEOP:  '   a   ���������    ��������� a     ���������      r  ^   v.   ' the ���������  :   - - '-    -    -,  PIONEER;'BAKERY. &.   GROCERY.  ���������, ���������' ' EVERYTHING FRESH AND UP TO DATE.  ���������%-%, .WEDDING      CAKES     A     SPECIALTY.    -V-V  HOBSOIT   ..&      BELL.  REVELSTOKE, B. C.  -  ABRAHAMSON   BROS.,   PROPRIETORS.  .    -r - '   .  ', *���������  Newly built.     First-class in every respect.     All modern i-niivcniences.  Large Sample Rooms-.        "  ���������  'Rates $1.50 per Day,  Special Weekly Rates.  Queen's Hot'el, Trout Lake,'under   same .management  , ((  TAXIDERMIST."  H.-W. EDWARDS  BRITISH    COLUMBIA.      1896-1908.   ���������  NUFF SEIV  * , SIDNEY WILLIAMS  '  "tROVIXCJAI.   LAND   SURVEYOR.  .AND CIA'IL KXGIXEER     ,  |      QUESNEL MOUTH, B. C.  Snr.veys of La nil, Mine*?, rrrigntion and!  Jlininj,' Ditclie-. -Mining Ground repot tid i.poii.    I'liiiib cliiii' oil, etc.  I make periodical trips iIii'oukIi Cariboo and Lillcoct,   Di-tiicts, and am always pleased tocoiiiiiiiiniciitu with and  advise tho=e wishing to take   up land.  THE COMPLIMENTS OF THE SEASON  To our many Customer*? and   Friends.  WE take this opportunity of informing  them that, although another year has  passed, our Machinery is up-to date, as we  keep abreast of the times.  We are in a position to offer the latest  Sawmill Machinery, Engines, Boilers, Fire  Apparatus, etc., and respectfully solicit  inquiries.  THE WATEROUS ENGINE WORKS  COMPANY,   LTD.,  BRANTFORD,   CANADA.  Ii. C. Agknt :  H. B.   GILMOUR. Vaxcouvkk.  .). M. Sl'OTT. LI. II. VV. I   BUKifiS.  SCOTT' AND   BRICGS, ,  BARRISTERS    SOLICITORS,   &C'  AIoNKY tii Loan.  Sithi-iliu-s for MnlsmiN Hank.  Pirst Street.        ���������    "-        REVELSTOKE.  Best $1  a Day House in the City.  Most Convenient for Railway Men.  Queen's Hotel,  Corner Hopton Avenue and       '  Second Street.  J.    ROBINSON,    Proprietor.  REVELSTOKE. B. C,  Should you need a f holograph-  taken of Yourself or Family, or  a nice Photo of your Home, or a.  beautiful Landscape to send a friend  call at my Studio by the Church of  England in Arrowhead, or Branch  at Comaplix, B. C.  E.    F.    TUCKER,  Photographer.  i t.t  ��������� (  '%  V  CHR7STMAS NUMBER.  LAWRENCE  HARDWARE CO., Ltd.,  ,'i *  ia Dealers jn  "Hardware,   Stoves   and   Tinwarjs, ^Miners',,  Af      ' " '   ' ,     ' ,  , ' ;   ,    'Lumbormens' and Sawmill Supplies,'etc.,  Carpenters ,,c  .    ";~ ,'''���������'    --Tools,  Plumbing and Tiiismithing. , -  ��������� IREVELSTOIKIIEri,   ' IB. c:  ,   ESTIMATES    GIVEN.       ������ ' ,v'       REPAIRING    DONE.  Y       ' n' ' '  JHAII, OHDKIiS'KIOOKIVIC   PROMI'T AND  CAREFUL ATTENTION  < ' ',. i i        ' ' <     *'  ,   I'd-icllifi* Jinx IS! ' ,' <        ��������� '       T.hone.-.G  . "lAVELi/H'HA.TI?. D  OFFICES   UPSTAIRS TO RENT.  CANADIAN METAL COMPANY, LTD.  -      ,     <   SMELTERS, FRANK, ALTA.  ' ��������� i ,< ��������� : ���������  Buyers of Ziiic=bearing SiIver=Lead Ores.  '-    "      Properties carrying'Zinc'Ores bonded, developed and  '. Y   : Y   '    '    ',,   *?-      purchased.      -       , i, ,-  r.  / FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE GIVEN  To owners of mineral properties carrying zinc-bearing- ores in  payable quantities.    Send particulars of zinc ores  and  properties to .  ' E.  A.   HAGGEN, Revelstoke  1    Agent for Company.  Merchant  cd   * vi,i,u9   Tailors.  a    ��������� '.        . ,  -We solicit a trial-order.       '--       '���������   a  r (  *. ������������������ * f<  THAT    IS    ALL.     <r  ' FIRST    {STREET,    opposite    Union     Hotel,  :     ���������       REVELSTOKE.     ���������  '"  SING   ON   &   CO,  Miifiuf'ictiii'ep's of Ladies* Silk- Shirt Waists and' Skirls and  Muslin aid White Underwear,-etc.     -   c  Importers of Chinese and Japanese Silks and Chinaware, etc.  Dealers in Dry Goods.'' ��������� ���������.  REVELSTOKE,    B. C.  ;        THE  Ko9tenay Mail  publishing1 Go.  i       ' , ..     "'  LIMITED'   -      < " ���������    ���������  Steam,, Printers and Publishers  Law   Printers   and, Stationers  REVELSTOKE, B. C.  HRISTM  TS   " WOR  II mlAi'l   -djin  r sumiisr*-.  ir  YOU    SEND  IT'S    FREE  SOME     SUGGEST  0        -   I'VI'.VnTIiK    I-7.00I!      CflVKRIXCS- DltAI'KKIKS-  f        C,\. \.'vS   ..!���������   ('III.VA    Ct'l'U'.I'Y    m*   SlI.VIOinVAIll*:    nri!  j I'ifr-   '{i,U  i.iriv    |"V  .mil   c ���������iilciitiiH'lit   to   tlio  liwu'ls   of-tlio  , l.,i|'|iy   11-< I'lii'M-.. t  DEALERS IN  Send    To-day    for   Our    Booklet.  WEILER   BROTHERS,      --.--' VICTORIA,   B. C.  Printing & Wrapping  Papers, Paper Bags,  Office and Hotel  Supplies  Loose Leaf Account and  Duplicate Counter Check Systems  HOTEL REGISTERS  Hotel Printing and Supplies  -( &\  E.  -   i,  'At  !  >  |l  ���������'n

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