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Kootenay Mail Dec 21, 1895

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 '   f  FOR MEN���������  Kincst Cashmere Socks 0 GO  Extra heavy wool do.   ...'. 0 50  Best quality   Shetland   wool  Underwear, per suit i 23  KiHsstnat. wool   "       i 00  Braces, per pair, 30c. and 10c.  ������������������ '  :o: -"  '  The English Trading Co.  C. E. SHAW,  Customs Broker,  REVELSTOKE.  VoL 2.���������No., 37.  I  REVELSTOKE, WEST KOOTENAY, B.C., DECEMBER 21, 1895.  $2.00 a Year.  a  CAPITAL, $500,000.  SHSP  US  YOUR  Incorporated 1893.  Goods bouRlit  riKlitout; no com-  luisifiou cliurged.  Fitlr selection ;im-  intMliuio ruturiit,.  Shipping tiijfs lur-  nished ireo upon  request.  ,j TIiorolKNODUTy  || on li,is or uuy  otlx'r yooild no  liuudlo.  '  Write forCircnls.r  jfiviiiK SliilMiiliK  3) ire ctio n -t i> n *  LATEST MAXCKJJZ  PJttlCUS.  Kootenay Lodgre  No. 15 A.F. & A.M.  The regular meeting  are held, in the Masonic Teniplc.Bourne's  Hall, on the third  .Monday in each  month at 8 p.1 m.  Visiting brethren  cordially welcomed.  F. CRAGE. SECREl'AltV.   <  KEVKLSTOXE LODGE, I. O. O. F, No. 25.  Regular meetings aro held  in Oddfellows' Hall every  Thursday nljylit at eight  o'clock. Visiting brothers  cordially welcomed.  II. S. WIUSON. X.G.    ' K. O. I,K\VIS, Sec.  NEWS FROM THE SL0CAN.  The Doings of West Kootenay's  Mining Camp Paragraphed.  Big  INCORPORATED  MAIN HOUSE: 200-212 FirstAvo. North, MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.  ,BRAXCIXJE8:     " ' ���������  HELENA, MONT. _      I      CHICAQ0, ILL.      I     ViCTORiA,'B. C.   ' I WINNIPEG, MAN.  Cooke&Bozeman 5ts.   I ", "       -     | 55 Wharf St. '       I   '234 King St?  ^.o:  The -^  ' Life Association Toronto.  loyal Orange Lodge Ho. 1658.  Regular meetings aro held ���������) in  the Odd Follows' Hall on the  second and fourth Wednesday's  of each month at 7:30, p. m:  Vkitinif brethren aro cordially  invited. '  K. ADAIR.   J. I. WOODROW,  ,W.J1. Rec. Secy.  A. McNEIL,  BARBER SHOP AND BATH ROOM,  Front Street, .Revelstoke.  Capital and Assets Over  i i  ,$6,000,000.  NO  CONDITIONS  Insurance at Risk Over  , $26,000,000  Before insuring, you should sec ihe     MH  . 'Model'Policv Contract ��������� -1������U  issued by the above  Company.  RESTRICTIONS  Full particulars on application to Agents*: ,    '''  T.L. HAIG,' ���������"      :;        '".   JV D. OBIIEEZE,  Agent1 for Revelstoke. ,    Goieml.Agent for B.C., Vancomer.  Haircut, 25c;  ?ath, 50c; Six Shaving  Tickets for $1.00.  GUY   BARBER,    v      -  WATCHMAKER AND JEWELLER,  ���������   __.   .   "    1   ���������       , c      "<  *     '���������������"*,     f "��������� ' ,  Repairing Neatly &. Promptly Executed'  REVELSTOKE. B.C.   '���������    FURNITURE,'.       ,:  Doors, Sashes & Blinds.  :o:-  R. HOWS.ON,  REVELSTOKE..  W. O.DWANr:  'WHOLESAt'E ��������� DEALER IN  WINES/ UQUORS^D7;.CIGARS.  COFFINS  CARRIED  IN STOCK.  AOi:NT KOlt SIN'CKR SEWING MACTUNES.  ���������. HALYGON. SPRINGS HOTEL ���������;  * Arrow   Lake. , ,  TS now   open   at  those  Celebrated    Hot  *���������' Springs for the accommodation of guests.  Rates SL-so to $2.50 a-day. , Baths 25 cants  eacfc or five for $1. Special rates to families  'orT>y.tlic month e,ui be arranged. ^'  ,       Dawson, Crnddock VSc Co.  'EBVELSTOKE  B.G  Stockholm House. I  JOHN STONE, Prophiktor.  NAVIGATION.  .1885  TIME   SCHEDULE  1895:  TUB OLD FAVORITE STEAMER   v  ; , (L'apt.. Robt. Sanderson) -  ;  WILL KU.V  HKTWKKN     ,  REVELSTOKE   and   NAKUSP  The Dining Room is furnished /with th  Market affords.,,  best the  THE BAR IS SUPPLIED WITH THE CHOICEST  WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS ��������� ���������  .EL*.  ABRAHAMSON BROS.. ritoVuiKTOits.  F  First-class Table   ���������  Good- Beds   *  Fire-proof Safe  Telephone   ���������   'Bus 'Meets all Trains.  BE"VELSTOSE.  JB.O.  TH  ABR,AirAMSON   BROS., Prophiitohs.  Everything new and First-class in all Respects.  Tiio House is stocked with the Finest Wines and Cigars in the Market  TBOUT   I^A-IKIIE   OITTT,   JB.C.  2  Stopping   ;it    Lakdeau, .   Thomson's  Landwj and Halcyon Hot .  I"      Springs during the    ���������, '   ���������  Season of 1895.  Leaving Rovelstoke Wednesdays and Saturdays at 7 a.m.  Leaving Nakusp Mondays and Thursdays at  7. a.m..  The above dates arc subject to change without notice. ' -        ,  KOBERT SANDERSON.  Columbia & Kootenay _  Steam Navigation Co.TO  PASSENGERS FOR  Hall's Landing,  Hot Springs,      ��������� -  Nakusp, Three Forks  Nelson, and Slocan Points,  Kootenay Lake Points,  Trail  Creek,  Rossland,  Northport and Spokane  t  ���������SHOULD TAK10  THIS���������  STEAMER  NAKUSP  Leave* WiKMim ���������"'"��������� Nakusp and Ilour.nn. Monday* and Thui-hilays at 7 p.m.  Leaven Rob^oii for Nakusp, Wigwam and Canadian   Pacific   Railway   nomts  (cast   and  went) on Tuesdays and Kndays at (J p.m.  Connection is made, at liobson  with C. & JC.  R'y for NeNun and with Kluiimor " Lytton "  for  Trail Creek and Nonhport.  This camp is at present, in a very  s;itisfaetorj' condition. 'It is especially  lively in the Washington basin and  around Cody and Sandon in fact, the  last named place may fairly claim to  lie "booming."  The Nakusp & Slocan and the Kaslo  & Slocan railways, generally regarded  as rivals, have met at Sandon and have  already had several lively encounters  in the way of pulling up' tracks and  knocking down win chouses, hut it is  expected the matters will shortly be  settled aud both roads kept busy,haul-'  ing out ore and bringing in machinery  and supplies.   , v  Mining men, who are competent to  judge say that at least 15,000 tons of  ore will be shipped from the1 Slocan  this winter. "  Three .Forks, although piactically  sidetracked by both railway.*, still  possesses considerable, vitality, and  permanent residents claim that there  is enough' mineral on the Noith Fork  of Carpenter creek to ensure the permanency of their town.  The residents of New Denver are  wintering very quietly but are now  more confident about the future of  their town than at any period for two  years hack: P*opei ties, on - the lake  shore are now being bonded or sold  and several hundred promising dry-  ore prospects near the lake are to he  o'pened "P by assessment and development work next summer.  - At]the head of the lake ,'Hill Bros,  are cutting, sawing and piling some  very fine lumber, evidently preparing  for more lively times.      ��������� ���������, c  " Judge ", Wilson ' presides at- Rose-  bery and is pretty sure that Rosebery  will remain as now���������the shipping port  of the Slocan lake.  'Silverton is,at present "dead"  may soon be alive, again if rthei'o is  truth in the'rumor that the Kaslo' &  Slucaii railway is to be extended and  will touch' the Slocan ,lake at that  pointy   .,. ..v       '", ������������������  ,On"'Four Milt? creek eight'men1 are  working on t!ie " Alphai"'.-i:id<Poph<tm  & Webb are about tobship -two carloads of high grade dry ore from the  "Fishermaiden "claim. The "Currie,"  on the "Galena Farm" bench below  Silverton, is now opened up in good  shape and -is for sale or bond.  The V Currie," at a depth of 65 feet,  shows eight feet of concentrating  galena ore and being a crown-granted  property would be suitable for a company able to put up a concentrator.  On Eight Mile creek, several fine  properties are, unfortunately, lying  idle, the owners being either unable to  work them for want of means,  or are  " waiting for semethirig to turn up."  The "Enterprise" group, on Ten  Mile creek, under bond to Mi. J. A.  Finch, is showing up well, therefore,  it is almost; certain the bond will ,be  tiik en up and ore shipped before spring.  The. ",Kali������pel" claim, also on Ten  Mile creek, was recently sold for$3,000,  cash down, to an' American company  represented by Mr. ,Lardner,' who  proposes to put in several thousand  dollars worth of development work  hoping to make it one of the big mines  of this camp. The ledge'matter on the,  surface is St feet across and contains  scattered bunches of high grade ruby  silver ore.  Sam Whittaker, Tom Mulney and  several others are living at the south  end of the lake and report that duck  shooting in the Slocan valley is good  as usual but thatt the deer' are being  chased south by tho wolves.  On|5 Springer, creek,' seventeen men  are working on claims located last fall,  and a twelve ton shipment of, dry ore  has been made to the Pilot Bay smelter.  Five tons from the "Exchange" and  seven tons - from " the " Howard  Fraction " claims. The ore is expected  to average at least $150 per ton.  Mr. IL> P. Heacock; a general cotract-  or and mining man from Helena,  Montana, inspected this district last  , week and took away with him terms  of sale on the ','Arlington," "Tamarack"  and "Currie" claims.  The C.P.R. is quoting the. rate of  $11 per ton' on ore from' Rosebery to  the Taconm smeltei. This rate applies  to small shipments and will induce  'many of the claim ownets to make  trial shipments next season. ,  ,  It is reported here that Mr. Kellie,  M.P.P., will, at, the "next session of  the Provincial Legislature, endeavor  ,tohave a clause inserted into the  Mineral"Act that, will, it is hoped,  the   business  of  claim  LARDEAU NOTES.  The Fish Creek Camp���������A New  ,  for the, N.E. Arm.  Boat'  The winter weather lias caused a  general cessation of mining operations  in the Fi.sli creek district, but work or  the past summer amply demonstrates  the great mineral possibilities of the  camp, and^ with such showings as are  made ,by the Glengarry, Sable oreeJc  nnd Poil creek proporties, there is no  doubt as to its future.  Trails are  badly   wanted   here.    In  fact little can    be   done  trails   are   construed.  > trunk  untj  Tins want  could be supplied a't a comparatively  small outlay on the part of ,the government, and it iscto bo hoped that an  adequate appropriation will be. ��������� inario  for this purpose. Those, interested  here feci that they arc not asking too  lunch, as no district in West Kootenay has received so little assistance  in this particular as Fish creel.-. 'Hie  prospects of  the camp    wiJJ    warrant  liberal  trails  Besides  expanditure - for    roads   --aiid  opemitions   on  I entirely   ruin  htlt I jumping. "     ^  If the members of our Provincial  Government will give Mr. Kellie their  hearty support and -secure' the enactment of law to effectually' stop claim  jumping they will earn tbeapprobation  .of ninety-five per cent, of the free  miners of West Kootenay.-  The Slocan, like many other camps  in this province^ contains dozens .of  promising claims which need capital  for development, but men with money  are dubious about investing, in any  camp where claim jumping, flourishes  and unscrupulous lawyers grow fat.  The action taken by tbe. authorities  to stop claim jumping at Rossland has  been heartily endorsed in* the Slocan,  and it is hoped that the good ��������� work  may go on till we are" all assured of  more justice and less law.  its well  known groups of claims, 31 new  locations have, been made in this camp  during the season.   ' '  ���������'  The latest assay   from   the   Agiift.s,  one of the claims of  the. Sable,   creek'  group, gives 15 per cent./jopper, 9-1 oz.  silver, \\ ozs. gold.  The Menhinick ., brothers are constructing a steam launch which they  intend operating'between Arrowhead  and the various points on the north-,'  east arm, next' season. This ' will  ensure a regular service, the ?.l.-ick of  which has caused considerable in7  convenience in'the past.  Patent Processes.  Nakusp & Slocan Railway Company  NOTICE.  ���������VfOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that  J.^1 a plan, ��������� profile and book of reference of the branch line of this railway  ,from Three Forks to Sandon. examined  and certified under section 12.3 of the  Railwaj Act of 1S8S by the Deputy of  the Minister of Railways and Canals,  on 11th December, 1895", was deposited  at the Land Registry Office at Victoria  on the 20th dav of December instant.  A. J. WEAVER.BR1DJMAN,  Victoria, B.C.. Secretary.  December 20th, 1805. 37-4t  '  Miisp & Sloean Railway Company  NOTICE.  'OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that  a revised   location   plan,    profile  W. A. JOWETT,  MINING AND REAL ESTATE BKOK23,  NELSON, B. C.  THE   REVELSTOKE''PHARMACY.  JLardoau & Slocan Prospects Wanted.  OIGAES  v'm  K<  '''.itS  m'  *A  fiBf f.  SBBWH  \ WW  I'll  ���������Ail  rl  m  JtH  Hi  jS  m  ASSAYS and .  MILL TESTS.  03  i<  H  W. PBLL3W HAHVEY, F.O.S.0  Vancouver, B.C.  "THE-INFaNT"  -3."for 25o.:   .  .Samples  tested  from.  . 1 Ib. to 1 ton in weight.  All    Ass-vvs    tiiado     in  OortifioatoM   forwarded   by  Duplicate,  return.  T .& B Etc.  AtES  Q  H  For locnl timccu.ru of the Company's fcteain-  ers on Kootenay Lake apply to the purser on  board. *    ,  For full information as to ticketr. rates, etc.,  apply to T. Allan,  Secretary, Nelson.  JJ O.  OCEAN STEAMSHIPS.  ROYAL MAIL LINE8.  CHEAPEST route to the OLD COUNTRY.  Proposed Sailings from .Montreal.  AI.UX LINK.  Parisian Nov.   9  ���������Mongolian    '���������    ig  LINK.   Oct.  20   "   Nov. 10  N  and book of reference of a portion of  the brunch line of this Railway from  Three Forks to Sandon, examined and  (���������citified node* suction 130 of the Kail-  way Act of 18SS by the Deputy of the  Minister of Hail ways and Canals on  tho J2th December, IS'<)~>. was deposited  in thi! Land Ki'Kistry ollice at Victoria  on tin* 2lst December, inst.  A. J. WEAVER RRIDJMAN,  Victoria, R.O., Secretary.  December 21st, 18tt.r). 37-lt  STEAMER ARROW WRECKED.  Lying in the Northeast Arm of Upper  Arrow Lake.  A report was received late this afternoon, via Arrowhead, that the steamer  Arrow had been seen on the north  shore of the Northeast Arm lying partially submerged with bottom up. The  Arrow is a small screw steamer plying  on Upper Arrow Lake. She left Arrowhead Thursday afternoon with a  cargo which she discharged safely at  Thomson's Landing. No particulars  have been received ,but it is supposed  that she was endeavoring to put out  into the lake again in the face of the  fierce gale which was blowing tit the  time and was capsized. Her crew consisted of two men���������("apt. Vanderburgh  and an engineer, who are supposed to  be drowned, as nothing has been heard  of them.  Now that the mining' industry has  revived and'is getting onas.'itisfactory  basis,   the   "patent' process"   man   is  being heard of in many quarters,   with  his machine t that  is   going ,to   revolutionize the   mining- industry.     This  machine has many forms, sometimes it  is going to save an unhnard of percent-'  age of flour and rusty   gold,, from, the  placer deposits, sometimes it is  going  to smelt rebellious oros j:or a  dollar   a  ton,'and sometimes it is a   f solution"  that will   enable   the   mill   man'  to  amalgamate raw sulphides and save 9S  per cent of their value.    It  is  always  something that is going to   attain   tho  unattainable.    /.The   west ��������� is   strewn"  with the wrecks of  similar  machines, -  furnaces and mills and those' who have  pinned their faith ��������� to them.    Progress  in metallurgy-does not   come   in    tin's  way, it comes through small   improvements on known and  proved   devices, ���������  and gradual modifications of well tried  methods.    There seems to be a certain  attraction    to   many   minds   in    the  mysterious,   and   anything   that     is  supposed to embody a  new   principle  in chemistry or mechanics and is. sure  to find someone to put money   in   it.  There are those who make a  business  of exploiting patents.    Let them prove  them, but managers and owners would  do well to let anything severely   alone  in the way of ore treatment   than   has  not stood the test for   years. >���������  Experimentation is very risky and expensive.  ���������Miner and Electrician. -  DOMINION  MAICII'OSA   VaNCOI'VKU   UF.VVKIt LINK.  Laicf: Wi.v.N-ti������i:o   I.*kk Ontario   .Nov.  THE   REVELSTOKE   PHARMACY.  Cabin $1.5, ?.VI, ?������J, ������70, $.'0 and upward*.  Intermediate $.���������������): Steerage ?.'0. ���������  I'.-uv-en^-iTs ticketed throuirli  to nil jiur<s of  Great Unt.iin and Ireland, and at specially low  rates to nil jiait.s of the Ktirojiean continent.  Apply to iKMi-c.-it-.tc.-iniqllip or railway ntfent.to  I. T. BREWSTER, Agent, Rcvelstcls o.  or to  KnncisT Ki:isa, Gen.  1 'avenger Af;cr ;  ���������\\ iunipctf.  Private Eill Notice.  ���������VpOTIUK IS HEREBY GIVEN that  _!_>    applicat ion" will be made to  the  Legislative As-sembly of the Province  of British Columbia at its next session  for an act to   incorporate   ai company  for the purpose of constructing,  operating and working deep tunnels, drifts,  or shafts for the purpose of   exploring  for,   discovering,    working,    getting,  acquiring    anr1    recovering   minerals  situate in blind veins,  ledges or lodes  in the Districts of East and west Kootenay, Yale and Cariboo, in   the   Province of British Columbia, and for entering upon and acquiring lands for   such  purposes, and for  collecting   tolls 'ror  the use of such tunnels or workings by  any other persons   or   companies   engaged in mining and for acquiring !>ueh  water powers or privileges as" nitty, be  necessary    or     convenient     therefor,  together with  such   other   powers   or  privileges, rights or- incidents, as may  lie necessary   for   or    incidental     or  conducive to  the  attainment  of   the  foregoing   objects or any <>i thorn.  A.'E. HUM PUREYS,  37-Ct Applicant.  Christmas Tree Entertainments.  The annual Christmas True Entertainment at the Methodist church  attracted an audience, suflicient to  crowd that edifice Tuesday evening.  II. S. Wilson was the "Santa Claus"  of the occasion and old and young  participated in the distribution of  gifts. The balance of the programme  was made up of music, readings and  recitations, and proved very acceptable to the audience.  A similar entertainment will be  given in the Presbyterian church New  Year's night.  First Snow Blockade of the Season.  A snow blockade, which resulted in  disarranging the Christmas programme  of several travellers, occurred ut Ross  Peak���������37 miles east of Revelstoke���������  on Monday and caused the first delay  of the season on the main line. The  slide occurred sometime after the  passing of No. 2, from the west, Monday and tt huge force of men were  immediately put to wOrk to clear the  obstruction. The passengers on Monday and Tuesday's trains, which were  held at (j lacier, were made as comfortable as possible at the Glacier House  until Wednesday morning, by which  time the track htid been cleared and  regular trallic resumed.  '    MANITOBA'S CHRISTMAS BOX.  Premier Green way Presents the Prairie  Province With a General Election.  Premier Green way's Christmas    box  to the people of-Manitoba is a general  election and, while   it caused   general  surprise,   it   did   not   give   universal  satisfaction to the people of the prairie  province.    This is especially   ihe   case  with the adherents of the conservati\e  "opposition who are ill prepared for,   an  appeal  to   the  country.     The    nominations will be hold on' January   Stii  and the voting takes place on the J 5th.  The writs are returnable on   tho   -.'Jul  and the legislature is called toassemble.  for the despatch   of   business   on    tho  2'lth.    This is pretty quick work,   but  the    business   interests,     which     are  always more or less   disturbed    by   a  general election, will be thankful   that  the inevitable excitement will l)r. of so  short duration. . The   people   will   be.  again asked   to  pronounce   upon alio '  school question and in his   address .to  the electors Premier   Green way   gives  tho  keynote   of   the   campaign.    He  says: "The menacing attitude assumed  by  the   Dominion   government   with  reference to the educational legislation  of the proviuce has made it   nceess.irr '  to take the sense of the  electors   upon  the question thus forced upon them."  It is a matter for regret that this  whole question of education - in  Manitoba was not settled withunt all  this strife and acrimony. No doubt  thin could have been done and the  whole affair amicably settled had there  been more statesmen and fever  "politicians" in public life in both  Provincial and Dominion afl.iirs---  politicians who do not hesitate t i  appeal to tho prejudices of one and tl.e  passions of another s<ict"on ot tb������-  electors-for the purjio.se of g.iinini' a  party advantage.  "^fi&HS-tt  RBg������3  j������^V-/ri.-i.-\\v"v,'Pi:i������^<','.",'iivjf*v-,,Kv'-  ,W.V������l*t������������.i!,lis',������lj Sfc-P*- ass 2
**"���   ���         ~" ~    "
' It waa tha first Emperor Nicholas of
Russia, "s-bo described Turkey as the
"Sick lean." On tho night of tbe 9th
January, 1853, Sir Hamilton Seymour,
minister of Great Britain at St. Petersburg, was at a party in the palace of the
Archduchess Helen. There Nicholas
, said to him: " The affairs of Turkey
are in . a very disorganized condition.
The country itself seems to be falling
to pieces. The fall will be a great misfortune, and it is very important that
England and Russia should come to a
perfectly good understanding upon
these affairs, and that neither should
takcyany decisive step.'" The English
minister answered that this .was certainly his view of the way in which the
Turkish question should 'be treated.
Nicholas then said, as if continuing his
-previous remarks: "Stay; we have
on our hands a sick man, a very sick
man. ' It will be, I tell you frankly, a
great misfortune if, one of t hese days, he
���should slip away from'us, especially before all necessary arrangements are.
made." ,'
This is the origin of the phrase that
became    extended  Into "the Sick Man
of Europe."   On   a    later occasion   the
emperor, speaking to the same minister,
said:    "Turkey   has  by  degrees  fallen
into such  a state  of decrepitude  that,
,j   as I told you the other night, eager as
we all  arc for tho prolonged existence.
of the man (and that I am as desirous
'as you can be for the continuance of his
life I bee? you to believe), he^pjay sud-.
- denly    die upon our hands'."    Nicholas
vent on  to inform Sir  Hamilton Sey-
THE .FARM.. ���.[
Feeding: Lambs.
" One of the hardest things to do
just now is to get the lambs on a
grain diet. It is quite essential -that
they should be fed grain by the time
cold weather comes, and it takes considerable good management to put
them on the grain diet successfully,"
says E. P. Smith.. "New grain Is generally, injurious to them because they
are not used to it. New corn , undigested may kill a lamb, or make half a
flock sick and bring on inflammation of
the bowels. A young lamb knows no
more how to eat grain than a baby understands how to chew meat. In either case the habit of using food properly must be taught. If tha child
should swallow,tho meat without masticating it ho would suffer as a consequence, and so with,the lambs. A great
many think t hat moist bran is the best
grain diet to give to the lambs at first,
but soft, mushy food Ls apt to cause
trouble in the stomach as hard, lumD
grain. Oats and,' bran mixed together
cause tho least trouble. Corn is not
a good gram to begin with, unless it
is ground into meal. A few oats with
moist bran sprinkled in them 'will
tempt the lambs as much as any gram,
and they will suffer the least from
such a diet. A little bran should be
scattered around the feeding trough
to tempt them to try the grain. After
licking up this they will begin to eat
oats' and   bran    mixed    together.
Axle grease modifies the grain bill.
A horse's power Is proportionate to
his food.
Regular and plentiful feeding is
good economy.
Five cents' worth of sugar is better than a dollar in whips
Blinders are worth more on the driver than on the horse.
He who cannot govern  himself cannot  govern   horses.
The  blacksmith  is  father   to    much
lameness, v
Few  farm   horses   need  shoes.
.Horses  need  food, and  water  whenever their driver does.
The  golden  rule   applies  to    horses
the same as to men.
The more whip the less horsemanship.
Lambs should be fed a gram diet very
carefully. Give them, at first just
enough to tempt theni'i to come again.
Do not overfeed" them with- grain.'
One false step in this direction may
cost you the lives ��� of several ��� of the
choicest animals. , When they come'
readily to tho feeding trough .when
called the "diet chould bo increased a
trifle each day, but they, should not
';o placed upon, a full diet of. all that
"" eat up clean inside of a month
mour thatjhc would never permit England to establish herself at Constantinople.    As for himself, ho was disposed _ ����0��'(Jr(jij
to engage not to'establish himself there, jf j.jjey are fed all they can eat in
but he added: "It might happen that Wo weeks after first. tempted with'
circumstances, if no, previous provision ^ff^^J^J^^J^
were/made, if everything should be lert .through    the    winter.   Tho    time    of
to chance, might place me in the position of  occupying Constantinople/
' A month later, at a party given by
the hereditary grand duchess, the em-
,peror said to Sir Hamilton, Seymour:
"If your government has been led ,to
believe , that Turkey retains any elements of    existence    your government 'j^v^
must' have received incorrect information. ; I    repeat  to you    that the 'sick
'man' is dying, and we can never allow
such an event to take us by surprise.
���We must come  to an  understanding."
feeding should bo at regular stated intervals. Irregularity in the time and
.quantity o'f the food are sources of a
great deal of trouble with the winter
lambs. Oats and ' bran' should be fed
tho first week' or two, and then wheat
or- ryo .can lie mixed in and after a
month corn can be fed. The latter grain
is the hardest for the lambs to digest,
and it''should not be made a part or
their grain diet until their stomachs
become    accustomed    to   coarse
' Money in Mutton.
The best time to buy sheep is in
late'summer or fall. It will soon bo in
Nicholas demanded of the " sick man" order'to' couple -sheep, and as early
the right 'to protect all" Turkish sub-,.' lambs add largely to the profit the
jects,who' professed the Greek religion,' management of shcop in the fall is as
and this right he claimed to have ���pro-"WP(jrtant as during any other season,
cured by treaty, but, the sultan refusing The fam should be pure bred and pro-
to recognize that interpretation of the
compact, France' and England united in
supporting Turkey"against Russia.  'Tho
,  allied armies landed in  the Crimea  in
��� ��� September,  1851.   The    decisive' victories at  Alma and ^Inkerman,  the  siege
of Scbastopol, the victories of the Eng-
'  lish fleet' in the Baltic, proved too much
*-r Nicholas, who died March 2, 1855.
The " sick man " continues ��� to linger,
ffo-day he finds himself confronted with
a totally dilfcrcnt organization of moral
and material forces, all directed toward
hastening his end. France has become
the ally of llussia. Italy, which was
made a first-class power diplomatically
by England at the treaty of Berlin, by
which a further lease of life was given
to the " sick nian," cannot assist the
architect of her own elevation. Austria
dare not stir in any contest against Russia. Prussia also was admitted on equal
terms with the other powers by the
treaty of Berlin, but the Germany of today must watch the Rhine and' keep out
of foreign wars. Russia appears to
have taken "the first &tep toward either
detaching Armenia from the Ottoman
Empire or is about to invade the empire
to force the long-deferred dissolution.
England looks on, quietly, but ia all
veady to spring.
The situation is serious but not critical.' England will probably be content
to let'Armenia go if with that Russia
will be content. Meanwhile the "sick
man" ia very sick indeed, but it would
be rash to predict his funeral as an
event of immediate probability. He is
so big that, even when dissolution sets
in. it will take him some time to die
(ill over.
cured from a flock^-whero the sheep
��� are thrifty. - All ewes that are not, robust, or which show the least 'evidence
of unsoundness, should be discarded.
By careful selection and bringing the
ewes into'tho winter in good condition
they'will have no difficulty in with-,
standing tbe cold, and their lambs will
be strong and thrifty in the early por-
j tion of tho year. Dogs can be kept
from sheep by Judicious' liso of barbed
wire, the lower strand being on the
ground or buried two inches beneath
the surface, and tho next strand four
, inches above the lower one. Sheep do
not often receive injury from barbed
wire, tho wool being a protection. If
dogs can be kept from sheep they can
be raised with but little" labor, and will
partially support' themselves while
plants "are growing, both weeds and
grass being 'consumed by them, and
they will enrich tho soil with their
droppings, which are evenly distributed and   trodden   in.
When farmers recognize tha't wool
is not the only product of sheep they
will improve their flocks, and 'make
larger profits. .- While there are individual sheep - with good records as
producers of heavy fleeces, yet the
average clipping of wool is not over
four pounds per sheep, due 'to breeding sheep that can thrive on scanty
pastures and ignoring size. The present flocks can be almost entirely change
ed in two seasons, and at less expense'
than with .any other class of stock. In
England the farmers have , ceased to
attach importance to wool,' breeding
for mutton and lamb, with wool as a
secondary product, and the long experience of the English farmers should
be a guide to farmers' in thu country.
In England the farmer pays a high
rent and uses roots as a special food
for sheep, the object being to produce
a mutton of 'chou^s quality. In our
large marker? choice mutton sells read-
ly, but. it must be admitted that the
large number of inferior sheep that
leach the markets assist' in keeping
down prices to a certain extent, yet
those farmers who have sent good ones
; to market have not U-ec disappoint-
] ed in   profits.
Dire Distress In Newfoundland.
The ,St. John's, Nfld., Herald prints a
series of letters from correspondent*
along the south and west coast to the
effect that dire distress prevails among
th*-' poorest clasj of people residing
there, especially those receiving pauper
rolief. The retrenchment policy of the
Government necessitated die. cut! big off
of half the pauper grants, and, tho t'ir-h-
eri��;�� l'*>.ing poor, m.my find themselves
in , wretched circumstances. The eor-
respondents predict starvation in numerous instances unless prompt help is
BUpplied by the authorities.
A Difficult Requirement.
The curious effect that may be produced by a. very ams.ll transposition
of words and ideas is illustrated by
this slightly " mixed " construction, recently given liy an officer at drill to
a company  of men :
When f give the command, ' Hal! 1*
you will bring the font which is on the
ground to the aide of the one which is
In  the air, and remain  motionless I
Tho Real Trouble.
Auntie���.Tohnnift,  you1-must never
Afraid  to tell the truth.
Johnnie���No, auntie, f ain't. It's to
tell a lie without being afraid that
bothers me.
His Real Danger.
Prisoner���1 am afraid the  judge, will
'condemn, ma this time for alJ i can do.
���Counsel-��� l.k'   .thankful   if   he   doesn't
condemn vou mr all yon didn't, do.
Only    Good  Treatment   Necessary.
Good  food   and good  care are  essential  to successful  poultry   raising,  but
this dcxis not by any rne.-m.s imply .that
' it is necessary to be constantly f*!.<v<<inK
with them., ft is possible to go to an
extre.me  either    way���to put    in     too
, much time addling and working with
.them, or neglecting them almost cri-
tirety,   simply  allowing  them   to    lake
' care of themselves. Good fpr.d arid
good water with shade .ire almost all
that are, needed from .spring until fall,
if the fowls can be Riven a good range,
wit h' healthy stock to l^egin with arid
then .{food treatment is given them,
they w:TT -i<>ed no artificial preparations
to keep tlictn healthy, and the feeding
of codhver oil feeds is an injury rather than a lienefit. No lotion is sufficient to make, up the daily wastes nf
the system. Material to make a .steady
growth is what is required, and the
more completely this is .supplied, the
U't.ter will be the re-sults in every way,
and this should be .supplied at as low
cost as possible in order to be able to
realize  the  largest,  profit.
Maxims oT an Old Teamster.
Bad-tempered driver���bad tempered
There are more balky drivers than
balky   horses.
dig  loads,  Utile, profits.
Whip" are like, emetics, to be used
very   seldom.
Noisy diivers are like noisy wagons
���both empty.
Many Devices by .Ileum* of Which Domcotlc
UnilOft ire Ie��nene<l.
At the present tunc almost everything can be done by electricity, and
each day increases man's power over
it thanks to the genius and 'perseverance of such men as Thomas A. Edison, Nicola Tcsla, Siemens, i Brush and
other great scientists. Electricity is
used for lighting, heating, locomotion,
the transmission of-sounds and symbols, as in the ' telegraph,- telephone,
and kinctoscope, and now this wonderful power has been boxed up until
it can be made to run households of
the future. ��� In the coming homo, presided over by the coming woman,
electricity will be stored in nice little
jars or cells and left at the house each
morning, just as the milk is nowadays. Indeed, from the present electrical indications, it will not, be surprising if the entire retinue of servants were some day replaced by a
set of lay figures, who will automatically perform every domestic duty according -to Edisonian ��� laws duly laid
down and promulgated.
Here aro some of the latest household appliances which can be evolved
from  electricity.
can be performed at home in'the following manner: An'electric bath can bo fitted up by a combination in series of
a shocking- coil and a small transformer., The whole is placed in a little marble receptacle above the bath
and at one side. The secondary of the
transformer moves along thw sides,
and a rod passing to tho outside enables tho, current to be regulated
from a* maximum to a ' minimum
strength. Tho primary oircuit is provided with an interrupter. The wires
of the secondary proceed directly to
the 'eleotrodes, 'winch are simple plates
of metal that can be placed anywhere
in the bath by means of suspending
hooks. There may' also b<S added an
amporemeter for, continuous and alternating currents, by means of which
the strength of the currents can be
estimated  with a strict accuracy.
An' electric candle is another novelty which is sure to be popular for the
bghting and decorating of dining and
other tables. An ingenious device for
lighting, the candle is provided by
placing small pads under the tablecloth and taking the current from
them ���' by means .of two pin points
in 'tho base of the candlestick. The'
candles, of course, are extinguished'
on being taken, from the table and aro
relighted   when they   are replaced,   in
They are so arranged,that tho bulb and
glass imitation of a wax candle can bo
removed, when the candlestick can be
used for an ordinary candle. When
used with shades of colored silk tho
electric candle makes ono of the prettiest additions to a dinner table that
it is possible to imagine.
Yet another electrical appliance for
tho house is a radiator for heating,
which has been successfully tried in
England, and which can be fixed and
operated at a ridiculously, low cost.
A large theatre has been perfectly
heated at a cost of 72 cents an hour,
and it' is calculated that an ordinary
house can be perfectly warmed for 10
cents a day. So you see the possibilities of electricity in the household
are quite ��� beyond all mortal imagination, and only time will serve to de-'
velop its wonders.
It was a Lover and His Lass..
A despatch from Charleston, W. Va.,
says :���There was a remarkable ' duel
in' Eagle on Sunday. Ervin Hartley
saw his sweetheart, Eettie Shields, in
the street with a young man last Wednesday and demanded an explanation.
The explanation was given, but it was
not satisfactory, and Hartley declared
than he would make trouble for Miss
Shields. After Drooding over the matter for three days. Hartley decided to
shoot Miss Shielus. He met her in the
street, and pulling a pistol from , his
pocket, fired at her. The bullet cut
the skin of Miss Shields' neck. Then
she took a pistol her brother' had loaned her and fired three shots at Hartley, each of them taking effect and
making- wounds which may result fatally. Hartley Ls the son of a well-to-do
merchant, and has stood high in tho
community, this being his first escapade. Miss Shields is the' daughter of
Franklin Shields, and is very popular.
She is eighteen year.s of age.
Soon Managed  It. y
A Liverpool merchant recently went,
to hi.i bead clerk and said:
John 1 owe about JJIO.OOO and all f
poj*e<(3 ia iii,iiW. which is locked up in
the Hnfc, I have been thinking that
(hr.< i.i the nghi time 11, make an a��-iii{n-
merit, but what piau.-iiMe prwlfstt ( can
fn.e mv crc'iKdrs I know n-.il. Vou
h/i''e plenty of brain.-i , think the. matter o.'er, and let me know ycur dc b.ion
in I ne  morning.
The  cleric  promised  to  do vi.
On  entering     'be  office    m-vt  morning I iie  merchant   if.ur.ix  the .safe open,
the money ^one, an i  in   its place a let
ter   which rend -u< follow-*:
I have f-iken the Jl'.iXjQ and have'
gone to South America, ft Li the best
exr.ii.se.  yri\i can  itive your  creditors
Prince  Itlsmarcli'x  Consratnlnlloim���TIk-
toiisest Telephone   Wire���Snmlay I.RM
, In Germany���An Eccentric Will���Jlarn-
ronl Down to Zrro���Clever   Capture ol
n Thier. '
In Turin,   Italy,  the ' twin  brothers
Hugo and Guido Palazzi lately married
the twin sisters, Euphrasia and Virginia
Thevenet.   It   is   feared   that interdo-
mestic complications will arise.
Prof. Goldberg reports that in its conception the whale is a legged mammal.
He found that until the embory reaches
a length of several finches legs are
plainly discernible thereon, ,but these
disappear long before birth. 0
Princo Bismarck received about 218,-
000 postal cards from as many admirers
congratulating him on his eightieth
birthday. These cards have a total
weight of 1,320 pounds, and piled up in
one column would reach a height 'of
150 feet.
At Littau. Austria, a fifteen7year-old
girl carrying a pair of scissors, in, her
hand while passing through the house,
stumbled and fell. The points of the
implement entered her left breast and
she died within an hour.
The longest suspended telephone wire
is no doubt that extending across Lake
Wallenstadt, Switzerland. The distance from post to post measures one
and a half miles, vet at the lowest point
the wire is still 1*20 feet above the lake.'
An extraordinarily largo number of
dwarfs live in the District of Riwas, in
the Eastern Pyrenees. Tradition has it
that they are tho descendants of a race
which inhabited those mountain regions
in prehistoric times. <
In Lublin a young woman named
Semschalowa has been sentenced' to
twenty years', imprisonment at .hard
labor for cremating the living bodies of
the two small children of a. neighbor
with whom she was at enmity. '    ���
Flies and mosquitoes were so numerous in., Iceland'last summer that the
farmers had to wear gloves and face
masks while working in tho fields.
Pending ther discovery of an anti-fly
bacillus, one hundred frogs have been
imported lately, to begin the work of
destruction.   -' '
A physician in - the Department de
Maine-et-Loire, France, bas established
the bamboo in his garden and introduced
it in his kitchen. He reports that
young bamboo shoots ..equal asparagus
and Brussels sprouts, and that this new
vegetable is nutritious and easily digested. With French ��� sauce, "nota bene.
Sweden'can boast of a steamboat on
wheels. This unique vehicle makes regular trips, overland from' one lake to
another near by. To leave one lake it
approaches, the 'slioro with a full head
of steam oii, rushes over the rails ot tho
connecting road to the top of the eminence midway, shoots down to tho other
lake, and then its screw propellers merrily churn the waters, again. , ,
Lieut. Baden Powell, of the British
Army, claims to have made successful-
experiments with a monster kite of 500
square feet, supplemented by three
smaller kites, the team to carry a man
aloft. The tests were made onl�� when
gentle winds-prevailed. Tho device is to
serve as an occasional substitute for the
captive balloon.
- An eccentric old bachelor who died
latetly at Odessa, Russia, bequeathed
4,000,000 rubles (about ��2,000,000) to his
four nieces on condition that .they first
go into service as chambermaids, washerwomen or coal women for fifteen
months. Tho local police are charged
with the duty of seeing that the condition of the will, is strictly complied
with. So far tho heiresses have received 803 offers of marriage.
Of the 4,000 soldiers lying in tho hospitals of Madagascar a great many suffer from abscesses on the legs, caused
by grass ' seeds having sharp barbs
which enter tho flesh. This is news,
though it is not new. Before the war
many Creoles, working in tho gold
mines there, lost some of their toes, and
sometimes half the foot, in consequence
of wound inflicted,by the tiny points
of such  poisonous grass seeds.
Neapolitans 'and macaroni are no
longer inseparable. Tho Neapolitan police happened to 'observe lately that
largo quantities of bones entered tho
macaroni factories. Investigation disclosed that the bones 'were ground
finely and incorporated in tho dough,
because somebody had discovered that
bone meal imparts an extra " delicious"-
flavor to the national dish. Subsequently a rumor went abroad, and is
still there, that most of these flavoring
bones came from old graveyards, and
now the macaroni consumption in Naples is down to zero.
Wine may be only a mocker when
taken from the barrel, but it seems to
be a terror while still in tho vat. Not
long ago, at Schaffhau.sen, Switzerland,
a farmer proceeded to taste the juice
in one. of his high vats.' To fill his glass
ho stirred the mass or crushed grapes.
The escaping gases must, have stupefied
him immediately, for shortly afterwards he was found dead. -
Kal-Ong' of Cull le ii  tery   Prolilnbie Run -
The fact that nearly 20,000 fat,'cattle averaging ��10 a head have been
shipped from the western ranges this
season establishes cattle raising for the
old country markets as the1 leading industry of the Territories, says the Calgary Herald. Compared with grain-
growing or any, other branch of farming, cattle, ranching .stands out pre-eminently as the safest, easiest and most'
profitable thing that a man can turn
his hand to. There is in fact no occupation or industry in Canada that to the
industrious man of small capital offers
such advantages.
The 4.0U0 head of stockers that have
been shipped in from tho east this sea-
sou furnish an,indication of the possibilities open to tho ranch, r. Two year
old stockers were laid down in Calgary
this fall at $23 to ��25 a head. Many of
these were sold in small lota to men
with bands of twenty-five, fifty, or a
hundred or two head. The.se eastern
cattle being unaccustomed to .wintering
out will have to be fed during a part
of the winter at a cost of a few dollars
a head, but next season they will he in
shape to bo sold as three-year-olds at
��40 each. Yearlings can bo bought for
$10 to ��17 now, and after running on
tho range for a couple of years can bo
cashed at ��40, each; and all this, be it
noted is done'by tho grass of Southern
Alberta, which for its remarkable fattening properties in both winter and
summer Ls peculiar to this section of tho
iissiflE bFiaghiery
A short time since a paragraph announced that i\T.'iri<u/i<; Sarah Ai-trt\-
hardt intends ro make a tour in Germany. The following Jotter has h".en
read ���" Pleas" contradict the paragraph from German paper1 reprodii'-cd
in the Fitjaro, -ciyinf? rhat I nn about
to play in Germany, f don't deal in
politics; f don't blame anyone; but. 1
won't   net   in   Germany."
The  curions     fact   (n,��   r>e<-;n   oh"p,rvpj',
while   butldirifrs  ww.mWy  ,-ii'i  more  li
able to -icrid��iit *, from n^hlnin;< durin,"
Ihe  first,  half of the, yo.ir  Ih-in   'Inrinf.;
last,   b'irn-i   form    in   e <fejilir.fi   m   tin-
rule,    fn    altf-rnrrf iruc   '������     I'i'itrril.    f"i
this,   it   his  been   -iiiir ^-,|(. (,  triit  a full
barn is warmer fli'iri   mi em ��'y one, and
that the hr-ite.l an I -.mi   ,wir! moi 't, ai
ri��inc;  from   trie strt-.v nr  li;iy  ii    /nor- '
cori'liici-'e than cooler air and "all iar I
lighf.riing. <
Caricaturists in depicting n German
are in the habit of putting a big pipe in
his mouth. The pipe i.s national, indeed ; but the Germans as a nation are
far from being Ihe. greatest sriinkprs.
They 'lo not smoke more than Frenchmen, Russians, Swedes or Hungarians,
'/'he men of t he United Status and t lie
mi'ti of Switzerland are. tbe most in-
vel crate, smokers on earth. In these
two countries the consutnptioii of lohae-
r'o per capita is three times greater
than in Germany.
One night not' long ago as a Dnnau
steamer from I'elj/radft to Odessa ne.ared
a small village in llulgaria a young
man approached the, captain and re-
'lue.sted to be put ashore. He landed.
J fa If an hour later another passenger
rii'iherl up to Mia commander and de-
piringly complainr-.d that his satchel,
���orlt-limn/ IO.'iO'I francs, had, mysteri-
���lOily disappeared. The captain said
.rio' hirtf^, bu(. quietly reversed the ship's
.-our-"<��� ; Mien he, covered the, golden let-
.-crs of in name, with a nail cloth and
made "fiiiii: other changes, .so tli.it from
i distance, till vesse.J present erl an alto-
"���{ her different appearanro. On rcturri-
'<\i' near.the spot, where the first, pa.s-
c/igcr !i,i'l landed, Ihe steamboat, was
h'lifed, arid it, promptly arrested its
ipeeii. A ikiff approached, and a few
ninnies l-il.r-r I li'i ��ecornl paswri/er had
ii ��� MlD'Ki frini-i luck and (lie captain
i t'l  a innn  in   irons.
Lazy and Infirm I'ernoiiH Suppltnl' With
CurintiK Mechanical Contrivances That
Srrvc' (o 3>cvcl<>'i> I'.rery J'art ol'the
Body���One Hujr Jlancc and lilctc and
JVever .Move a IHimrlc liy Act of tits ��Mv
Will. '
This is the age of machinery, and
the genius of mechanism pervades all
departments of life. It is, however,
none tho less startling to lie confronted
with apparatus which lays hold on you
in whatsoever "manner ��� j'ou . desire,
strokes you gontly, pats you,, shakes
you, twists, you, Jn fine,.'manipulates
you as" you please, and that so gently
and so daintily that your nerves give
no hint of rebellion. To be sure, tho
appliances have tho air of relics from
the tortures of tho Inquisition, "but that
is only another 'evidence of tho deceitful characteristics of, appearances. ,
These apparatus are tho invention of'
Dr. G. Zander, of Stockholm, who has
spent tho .bulk of his life'in. perfecting
his system of mechanico-thcrapcutic
contrivances for the treatment of disease and for the general development
of tho physique. To a great extent
and in tho moro novel fforms the instrument's aro designed to 'afford mechanical substitutes for massage.���manipulation  by  human attendants.   <
Within the last twenty years massage has come to bo recognized as ot
marvelous worth in tho treatment of
the human body for its,, restoration or
for v its development/ That it has
been made the means of abuses docs
not detract from' its value -whore
It'may bo saidi that massage in simple form has been practiced by all men
of all tunes, as, for illustration, in rubbing and friction, but its scope ' has
been so much' enlarged and its importance so much' esteemed of late that it
is practically tho invention of"'the generation. For its proper service it is
essential that tho,operators should possess a variety of' abilities, which, unfortunately, "are not commonly united
in one person. Dr. Zander bas sought
to unite tho desired qualities artificially in mechanical appliances and he has
succeeded marvelously. ' Tho inventor
by his medical training was conversant
with all tho peculiarities of' the human
anatomy, a knowledge which -he made
tho guide in the construction of his
apparatus. * Tho ordinary masseur
knows littlo or nothing about joints,
smews, and organs, and as a result his
services lose their value in great part.
Tho instruments aro so carefully considered and skillfully adjusted that
their work is beyond criticism.
The most curious of tho instruments
arc thoso for tho passive movements.
These are designated for those invalids
unable to endure the exertion of active movements, and they aro designed
also foiy those others who are so lazy
that they will not onduro tho work of
ordinary physical gymnastics. One of
.those machines ia tho saddle horse. It
is a luxurious bit from a merry-go-
round in form, and is made for cither
man or woman. \ The patient, mounts
it, a lever is moved, and tho patient is
on ,his travels. He docs not travel
forward, but up, then down, and that
is all. Tho exact movement of a trotting gait is reproduced, and it may bo
regulated to , tho slightest staccato
movement or the wild rise and fall of
a bucking  bronco. .  *
Another instrument is for trunk rotation. The patient sits on a comfortable and innocent seeming chair,
the lover i.s moved, and the decorous
patient becomes in the twinkling of,an
eye tho rival of any .   c
The scat wabbles and sways,  undulating, gyrating until any desired a mount
of" exl'ernul  and   internal   agitation   is
liy other contrivances one can have
rubbings of the feet, the hands, or, indeed, any part of tho body, and that
with a gentleness and regularity that
arc ���most gratifying. Of all this sort
the most popular is ono in the form of
a huge cushioned chair, which has a
long ���ipcning in < lift back. Tlic sybarite
lies in this, and of a sudden tho chair
begins a slow and languorous movement back and forth, while at the same
I imo two covered wheels rise through
(lie open back and stroke his back softly yet firmly with delightful assiduity
that Soon induces sl��op1_
Another instrument "has looped rubber hummers that beat a swift tattoo
on any part, of the body, that stimulates
the sluggish blood. Another allows
you to place your feet on a box, and
forthwith your toes are genuinely
twinkling in tho quick vibrations. Or
you may lean against a .solid-seeming
pad, which forthwith imparts a thrilling tremolo to your astonished flesh.
An interesting machine is one which
seizes your foot and lifts it high in
air without aught of effort on your
It should be added that every instrument is capable of the. nicest adjustment, so that the most delicate need
not be injured by the emotion, and all
sre jinivided with a minute gla-ss by
which the subject may time his e.\"
Trlek With Fire.
A clever boy can do some mystifying
conjuring and have no end if fun if he
will only keep his wits about him and
make each move at tho proper tune.
The main'thing is to keep the'attention
of the audience away from tbtt yivotal
point of the trick till the climax.
We heard about an easy one tho other
day, the preparation for which may all
be done beforehand.
Did you ever see a conjurer bold up a
bit of white paper, touch a match to
it, and have a tiny flame start in the
center, of the paper and wind around
until, it had drawn the outlines of an
animal or spelled somebody's name, and
then die out, .leaving the lines* burned
in the paper as though they had been1
cut out f It probably seemed very wonderful to you, but it is easily done.
Take some saltpeter and dissolve in ���
water until tho water will take up no ���
more.     Then with a wooden point, such
as��tho sharpened end of a match; use
th is < solution    as  ink  and  write  youi'
name or draw a pattern on paper.   Any
paper  will  do,  but unsized  paper will
Jiot  show   tho  mark ������ when   t ho  liquid
dries, which it will very soon do.    ,
How arc you to know whoro to start
from? i Make, a pencil mark at the spot.
When'you aro ready apply to the mark
a tiny coal or glowing stick that is not
actually aflame. You will ,seo tho
burning spread until it has run all
along the' line you 'made, 'and if will
mystify as well as amuse ovorylxidy
who  watches it.
After you have learned to do it 'successful ly you can prepare a'lot of papers with queer patterns and funny animals and have them tacked up on littlo
frames, and perhaps give a 'little
" show ',' all your own.
The Chinese'Way.
Somebody   has   been ' observing  Chinese  methods ' and says   that thoy  do
everything  backward.    ' Their compass
points to tho south instead of thornorth.
The men wear skirts and the women
trousers ; while tho men wear their hair
long, tho women coil their's in a knot.
The, dressmakers arc men; the women,
carry  burdens.      The spoken language
is not written, and tho written language   is , not  spoken.      Books  aro   read
,backwards, and^any notes are inserted
at tho top.     White is-used for mourning, and the bridesmaids wear'black���
instead   of  being  maidens!   their  functionaries  are-old  women.      The  Chinese surname, comes first, and they shake
their own hands instead of one whom
they, would greet.   .Vessels aro launched  sideways,  and  horses  are  mounted
from  the off side.'      They commence.
their dinner with dessert, and end, up
with  soup and fish.      In- shaving,  the
barber  operates   on   tho   head,   cutting
tho hair upward, then downward, ana '
then polishes it off with a small knifo,
which is passed over the eyebrows and
into the nose to remove any superflu'
ous hairs;"and tho performance,is completed  by removing the wax- from the {
cars- with"a piece ot cotton wool on a
wire. ' '',       i'' <
What Puzzled Margery.
This is-Margcry's first year in school,
and she-is greatly interested in everything that occurs. Ono morning recently sho came homo greatly excited.1
" Oh, mamma," she said, " what do
you think? Our-teacher stopped right
in tho middle' of a' musio lesson, and
asked us how many turnips there are
in a bushel. Wo just couldn't, understand what that had to do with our
music."   "
Mamma couldn't understand ,it,-
either, and the moro positive Margery
grew about this matter, tho more hor
mamma felt,sho must be mistaken. Fin- ,
ally, to satisfy her own mind, one morning when she met thc.teachor Margery's
mamma asked her what she meant by
asking tho children how many turnips
there were in a bushel durmg a musio
lesson. '���
Tho toachor, too, was just as puzzled'
as Margery had'been.
" Why, surely, I didn't ask such a
question as that,',' ' sho said. Then,
after thinking a moment,' she said,
laughingly': Why, I asked tho children
how many beats thoro were in a measure I "
I   Margery's bright mind had done the
', tf
v I
A Trlek With a Needle.
Although steol is harder than coppoic '
or-silver,,'it would''be a difficult feat
to penetrate a coin with a noodle in the
ordinary way; but if it is thrust into
a cork of just tho same length' as a
needle, and given a quick, heavy blow
with the hammer, the needle will be
driven  completely through it.
To insure the success of the experiment, the, needle should be exactly covered by the cork, and must be placed
so that it stands directly vertical to
tho face of tho coin ; but several trials
may be necessary before this is accomplished. Tho coin may rest, upon a
piocu of soft wood.
This trick is flue to tho principle of
inerlia, the quick blow dri ing tho
alccl needle supported by Hie cork
through the soft mcl.ul before it haj
had time  to bend or break.
Burg-lars, Make a Rich Haul.
A despatch from Comber, Out,, says:
Burglars entered Air. C. W. Watson's
banking office on Saturday night. Kn-
I.runoe was gained by cutting the glass
in the door. This-removed, the door
fastenings wcro easily unlocked. The
burglar or burglars failed to unlock
flic combination, and had commenced
to drill. ��� They had evidently become
frightened, as they had only drilled half
tin inch into the-plate. ' They left tho
office by tho back door, leaving it open
behind thcmJ - It is very-fortunate that
the burglars became frightened before
(hoy had accomplishe'd their .work, as
there wa.s considerably more than $1,000
in the safe at the time. The night was
dark and damp, affording the burglars
a good opportunity to pursue their
Poorly Off.
nc���My only inheritance is brains.
She'���And that is in the caro of your
Well Named-
Why do you refer to tho frees as
icruhats? '
Bcc-iitsc their limbs aro s.i-n'v; mtlie
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PMHGtail-'SraMW r.  v,  ������-*���������  THE   HOME.  Renewing* Worn Garments.  Apple Butter-Making this is well ' A������A"Rn]iy T������ WT\}] WflRTifl  understood by most farmers' wives, but iHlitilUlLI ������������X -LUC. HI UiLUU  people who live in cities, and depend on  1 the  market  and the family grocer to  ' furnish them all such articles ready pre-  A great many of us these bard times pared, do not know how vastly   more  have to make over our old dresses  or -������=cal and^u^r^ta mjto *  wear shabby, old style gowns and of the kjmi s0 they will cook evenly, pare and  two, tht, neatly made-over dress is pref- .quarter    them,  then    put into boiling  , orable, and- if it is nicely fitted and the - cider   about   two .gallons  of apples  to  ~���������������j��������� u   .    i i        j      j     ���������������������������.i :*��������� one of cider, boil it first and then sim-  goods have been cleaned and pressed it ^ slowly> stirring constantly, till it  will look . "amaist as    gude as    new." is reduced to a thick, smooth,pulp, when  Such nice patterns with full instruction it can be put away in jars for winter  can bo had nowadays that dressmaker's use-   Jf y������u ll������ nuot have the cider a very  l;,,���������  ���������       ,<v /��������� ,.      ���������  .,  good butter can be made by using sugar.  bills may be saved many times if one ������ J ������  has the time to devoto to sewing.   But  almost every woman starts out with the  idea that she can make over an old,  dress as good as new with about half  the tune and trouble necessary in fashioning'an entirely new one.iand about  -    PROMINENT   PEOPLE.  0  eim Abont Some or ilic Great Folk* or the  World.       '   a ������������������ ������,���������,.���������������������������  ���������������������������  uuo,,^^- ������       Mrs. Rudyard Kipling attends to all  nin������ or- fat. ������������������,i ,.r:iv, ��������� j: '���������e<���������j  f������������������i   ' of her  husband's    correspondence,  and  nine or ten end with a disgusted feel-   carcfulIy   guard3 hLm against,   would-  Ingthat it was only time and trouble   be intruders.  wasted because "the thing looks made- I Air. II. B. Cotton, bow oar of the  over." All because they were .careless . ������f,ford crewin , the last four races  ' i     ni    ,���������ii    ,,-     '  I.   ,     ' i i with  Cambridge,  and <r a son of    Lord  ���������bout the little things that mako up a   Justice   Cotton,   died recently of   con-  perfeot whole.   They    labor under tho .^sumption at Davos Platz.   '  delusion  that  a made-over garment is I    Georgo Vanderbilt    intends   to mako  not "worth" all the care that can be put j Biltmorc, in    North ' Carolina, a Mecca  .. i I for all  those  who  arc seriously   lntor-  upon u. , ���������      j ested  in  the, study   of  forestry,   acien-  Ths successful woman goes at it dit-   tific farming,  and  horticulture,  ferently.   She realizes ���������  that what she |    Right ������[90.    Spencer    Horatio    Wal-  cannot spend in money must be made up  by painstakmg ingenuity. In the first  place she carefully rips the garment  , eeam from seam,' r no two pieces being  permitted to remain together.' Then  she picks out every stitch and knot of  thread and<��������� scrapes off tho lint and dust  before giving each piece a thorough  shaking, brushing, sponging and pressing. Perhaps the garment is faded,in  streaks and" must go ,to the, dyer���������.an,  operation that is , at' least ' one-third  cheaper than buying new cloth. . Perhaps it1 is only,soiled and a,bath in soap  bark will make it good as new. ���������  For an ordinary garment ten cents  , worth of soap bark, obtained at the  ' 'druggist's, will be sufficient. Put the  bark to soak in a clean,crock or china  dish that has not held anything, greasy  ���������grease invariably soaks into the porous stone or earthen ' ware. Cover the  bark with warm soft water and let it 1  ���������tand   over    night.   In    the  polo, who has just completed 'his .ninetieth year, was three times Homo Secretary   under    Lord,   Derby, and    has  drawn a political  pension of $10,000 a.   ...   .    .    .   ...  .  year for over twenty-eight years.   His  of their lasfc ditch.  WILL   THE     POWERS    UNITE    TO  STAMP OUT MAHOMETANISM ?  Serious Times Looked for In'Turkey nnd  Ciiinn-rprlfttK<: of the Stiltnii'* Enemies���������Turkey on ������lic Eve of Itevolullon,  and China. Too, Is in a Mate or Intern  Hi  CltflOS. 11  Anarchy, that bugaboo of the nineteenth century, and which for a while  was believed by distempered souls to be  inherent in-thc=civilization of the West,  lifts its old head out of traditional  lands and is just now scowling at us  with imbruited fanaticism in/ the  Orient. \  There is an ominous phrase recently  rused in the European press that carries  with it 'an undefinable terror. It is,  " The recrudescence of Mahometan-  ���������i*m." It has been repeated in Germany,  France and England.  ' f  What does it mean f In any analysis  it means that Christian Europe concedes tho possibility of a tremendous  death struggle with tho hordes of fanatics who have resisted the encroachments of the Western powers, and that  the ignorance, superstition and fatalism  ingrained by centuries are going to make  a desperate stand somewhere this side  wife was tbe daughter of Spencer Per-  cival, who was shot while Prime Minister in .1812.  .Aliss Kato Terry, tho sister of the  eminent actress, has faith in agriculture, as far ��������� as rearing of cattle goes,  as shot has formed a remarkably,fine  herd'of Jerseys. ' She gave a calf to  Miss Emily * Moon, of .Leatherhead  who has likewise' been most successful  in rearing splendid ��������� cattle, and gained  renown . as the most successful lady  farmer in tho 'homo counties.���������London  Court Journal  Only a De Quinccy could adequately  picture the mysterious intestinal possibilities of chaos in ..Turkey or,'China.  All we can do is to take the facts of  recent" date and leave tho rest to the  imagination of the intelligent reader.  TURKEY IN MODERN HISTORY.  ,   In tho first place, Turkey represents  all that    remains of the   empire that  Solyman   the    Magnificent established,  and wtiose uprearing. on Parthian spears  stage, and aro members of Ben Greet's  provincial company,    which    has    sent   _���������    ���������;   ������������������     ,���������    ���������������������������    ������������������rnmn ,so   many   well-trained actors    to    the  ,���������,��������� .? V?������mnl?,tlt-   !nn, t?5lirmhJS o? ' L������ndon boards.   On      the    last    night  P^t^^i^g^AS^lf^^-Ljrlof   the company's recent    engagement  in'    Liverpool   _ thoy   . appeared     ,in  ,lt in a foot-tub, add clear water and  leave'tho goods , to< become thoroughly  saturated. If the water is very dirty  use another, course' of soap bark water  and afterward rinse thoroughly in clear  tepid water. Rub well. But do not  wring out tho goods r with'the hands;  hang each piece separately on the line to  drip, and'before it uhas time to really  dry., press on the' wrong side with an  Iron that is only warm enough to take  out tho wrinkles.  Plush, velvet and'woolen goods, with  inf a^oJd^^r^orW^nSh   "^V^  ^^   S'T ^ "  --'-���������-    tho West has eaten away its territory,  drawn a cordon round its theocracy,  hemmed it in,' and placed armed sentinels at its gates..      , ' ' 1      '"  In  1579   it  lost   apper  Hungary, and"  Transylvania.   Then Russia gobbled  tho  me  the    inde-  " Othello,"   H. B. Irving,   in   the title  i?������' a������d n \ broU}er'    Laurence,   .as, Crimea.   Afterwards  lago.   H. B.  has    also - recently    sue-1.      , ,  ~ ,   ,,     ^      , .  cessfully essayed Digby Grant in " Tho , Pendence of  Greece and ��������� the, Danubian  Turn    "l^rtCftd   "    n  ' nnnf     ��������� **     ������fU IrtK     V������ici     fn f Virt-r-       rtrinninol ifiao Tn     1 QHQ    Plioaio     n era 1������1     flt-  Two Roses,'; a'part in which his father  won renown' years ago.  ��������� Professor Fuertes, of tho College of  Civil Engineering of Cornell University, is reported to have .received the  largest fee perhaps over paid - to an  engineer���������������120,000,   This is for services  IroTSUngltupborn kTwltSh?   ������8 *������������  ^^^^.^^^y^.  tipping back a  with its back *to the cloth.' the^elvet! ' ���������<i the ."death fate from 'yellow  fever  The steam forcing its way'through the   ^ 1 0M'L^ear^ Tho^ntirTcTtfl  to  andltfreedalf?omr dus^.���������^ ' 5P.^^ Principles,    at .a cost _to  This renovating  process is of  course  the Brazilian Government of some 84,-  000,000. .    '  The Queen speaks English to Prince  Henry of Battenberg, and even to the  Grand Duke of Hesse and the Duchess  of Coburg-Gotha, , and the "Prince of  Wales writes almost, always in English    to' his  mother 'and  to  his  other  ' very  tedious,' but,  without  iit perfect  satisfaction is'impossiblo, and no amount  ��������� , of  time spent in  trimming a garment  will make-up for. a lack of freshness.  The most  important point after -the  garment  is  cut,   is 'the basting.,   ' The'   2i^?h'.n������7i������������^qK^ England. "German  skirt hangs badly, is because tho basting- ^        x k������n    ���������     conversation  with  has not boon carefully done. Agar- German and Austrian Ambassadors,  merit' should be .basted on a perfectly and duri an audience to-German or  , flat, even surface such as a light thin Austrian iubjects. 'With all other di-  smpoth board held in the lap and the piomatLst3 ^rench is always spoken,  lining held loosely on the material at But in, intercourao with v the ianish  the waist, so that the outside. will..R ,al f a German is nearly always  stretch and avoid the little pin wrinkles   fi,0 i������������������mio���������',,,������������������i,��������������� ' J  that are so annoying. All seams should  be"pressed open, no matter where,,they  are.  Tho next important' feature of tho  waist is its boning. An old basquo  newly boned will have its youth renew-  . ed. To properly bone a garment is first  a knowledge and then''a knack���������the casing must be firm enough to admit of  much stretching,1  and tho bones of    a  .quality that will bend without breaking.  One frequently hears the remark that a  dress looks like a picture in the picture,  but not when it is made up. It depends  entirely upon how it is made up. '  the language '��������� spoken.  Correct Serving1. '  The first essentials of a capable waiting maid are that she should be neat,  quick and quiet." Neatness is an attribute indispensable in the dining-room  above all other places. Plain, neat  clothing should' be worn. The hair  ���������should bo arranged as plainly as possible. A maid should always be capped  and' aproned, and her shoc3 should be  ��������� 'Such as to render her walking as near  noiseless as possible. A waiting maid  ._ should not make her appearance in the  dining-room until after the guests aro  seated and she should be familiar with  the  following  rules:  In sotting tho table the tines of tho  fork should be turned up and the sharp  edge  of tho knife \ blade toward    tho  -plate,  placing  the fork next tho  plate  Always  place  tumblers  to tho  right  and   fill  only three-quarters  full.  Place the cup containing coffee at the  right side of each person; offer sugar  and cream  at the  left.  Any dish. from which a person helps  hunsclf must lie offered . at tho left.  Those from which the maid serves nust  be plaood at the right.,  Everything relating to one course  must bo removed before serving another course  Always go to the right ot each -person to remove the dishes.  The  waiting  maid    must bo  responsible  for tho proper heating of  dishes  before  thoy  aro brought to the  tabic.  Except in ease of .accident which sho  cannot ' remedy,    a maid should never  . speak   to  the  hostess,    who should  bo  looked upon us a guost at"her own tablo  'for the time being, and treated accord-  ��������� ingiy.  LUNACY" AND CRIME.  A. los^on May lie Learned From the Crime  ���������    or the !Hurdpr������r ShnrlN.  The principal lesson to be learnt from  the deplorable crime of the murderer  Shortis,' and its consequences, is ��������� the  urgent.. necessity of keeping embryo  murderers out of harm's way. If people aro so unpardonably foolish as to  turn loose upon' society men who show  from babyhood the characteristics of  tho criminal thoy must expect Berious  trouble sooner   or   later.      Allowing   a  human bruto to run wild only appeals  to. his bruto instincts. Some day he  will, commit murder as inevitably as  the freed tiger will i slay. 'Being a human beast ot prey, tho safety of society will demand his death, though he  may be no more responsible than is  the dog who knows that it is wrong  to bite and worry but does it. ' A child  who in early life betrays decided  viciousness, ' and is below, par intellectually, should bo kept from society  as wo would keep poison from food.  He is poison to the blood of tho nation,  and sanitary laws are quite as necessary for tho peoplo as for the homos  they dwell in.  With regard to the .plea of lunacy  as a , reason for withholding the due  punishment    of crime,  the opinions   of  EXPERTS  WILL DIFFER  to the end of the chapter with a vehemence and emphasis which does much  to discount tho value of their evidence.  As this is almost invariably the case,  the authorities cannot do better per"  haps than fall back on the plain common sense of the most intelligent juries  available. There is a great doal of difference between a man ��������� being "a bit  wrong in his head" and tho state of  utter inabiliXy to distinguish as to the  Tightness or wrongncss of bis acts, and  between the two lie many varieties of  madness. But it may be safely said  that in nearly all of them the consciousness of a difference between right  and wrong remains. The law of the  country has necessarily, to do with  general     characteristics    rather    than  principalities. In 1853 Russia again attacked her, and a part of Bessarabia  and Servia passed urwler the guarantee  of the'powers. "   '  ���������By the treaty of Berlin in 1870 Turkey', lost; Bulgaria, ��������� Eastern Roumelia  and Thessaly. The administration of  Bosnia and Herzegovina was given to  Austria, and the island of Cyprus ' to  England. -That is to say, Turkey was  reduced in territory 58,440 square  miles. It is now known to the world  that if England and France had not  come to the aid of Turkey, in order to  keep Russia from-"becoming too powerful in the Southeast, the ��������� Ottoman  Empire would, have ceased to exist. <  Turkey in Europe, as it now is,' contains about 61,200 square miles and a  population of 5,000,000. It is one of the  most productive spots on the globe,  capable of supporting a population of  25,000,000 comrortably. It is .known to  be rich 'in* - mineral c resources, all of  which are comparatively unworked. Its  mountains aro filled with metal, its  earth,is rich in oil, its timber is of the  most valuablo kind, its climate is benign and its soil rich. ' ,,  INCUBUS  OF   MAHOMETANISM. ��������� '  But the country -is absolutely destitute of enterprise. A fearful incubus  rests upon its people, chokes its vitality,  blights its harvests and drives away  capital. This incubus is Mahometanism  ���������more easily expressed in the ��������� word  Fatalism, which makes the most distin-  guished  voluptuary  the  vicegerent    of  od and sets up his will as absolute.  The practical result, of Mahometan  rule is an iniquitous systenrof bureauoc-  racy that has, no equal outsido of  China. The Government paralyzes everything. Agriculture staggers along  under a system of taxation that puts  robbery and,, cruelty into the hands of  ever3" favored provincial underling of  the central power.  J ustico is administered in a fantastic  and capricious manner. Favoritism  rules and crimes are winked at, and it  has been found necessary by European  powers to establish consular courts in  order to protect foreigners who may be  doing business in Turkey or visiting it  for pleasure.  Turkey has never been able to rule its  Kurds and Bedouins except through  their superstitions. The Mahometan  in all his forms retains an undying loyalty to the militant viceregency of God  ?.nd the Prophet.   ,  THE SULTAN IN DANGER.  than a frowning iron-clad fleet on ono  side and a frowning mob on the other,  the latter prepared at any moment to  do as it has done before���������alter the succession in the interest of a Mahometan  heaven.  Once that this caprice surges upon the  Mussulmans is spreads like wild-fire. It  outruns the electric, current, for it  spreads in all directions. The Bedouins  of Arabia Petra know all about it before  the 'European cor respondent has got an  inkling of it. It is talked over in every  oasis, and muttered in ,,the Via Dola-  rosa of Jerusalem long before it can  reach a British Cabinet meeting and bo  reflected in fleet orders to the Mediterranean.  And in its sullen mutterings it means  only one thing���������the Sultan is no longer  of tho faithful; he has yielded to tbe  dogs of infidels. The harem must furnish a better Ottoman. If he will not  cut Armenian throats, then we, the  faithful, must cut his and theirs. 'It is  the will of heaven.  Such is the present condition of Turkey, and through Turkey the whole of  Mahometanism���������even to the ' heart  of India; where British tact has its  hands full in keeping' the faithful child  of Islam from burning the temples of  Brahma. Every foreign despatch hears  tho possibility of a, palace emeute in  Constantinople. And once that flame is  started, there will be anarchy in Turkey���������thatimust end in a partition and  the extinction of Mahometanism as a  temporal power.      ���������  , '  ,Y . .CHINA ANARCHISTC TOO.  'The peculiarities of this situation  are notable, inasmuch as they are almost duplicated in China. The moment  a superstitious people lose faith in the  supernatural prestige of their ruler they  are worse enemies of his than those  peoples who never had any respect for  his divino pretensions. Japan knocked  all tho mystical"charm "out of the Emperor of China.  When it was known in Peking that  gong-beating and the burning of sandalwood were no longer efficacious in protecting the Son of Heaven, the consternation, mingled with some com-  tempt, spread yery much as the cholera-  spreads. There were no-telegraphs, no  mails, but the news followed the water  courses. It diffused itself westward, no  one. knows how, until it came up against  the great wall that once kept the Tartars out.   ,  ' Tho reflex is momentous. rThere are  800,000 Chinese in rebellion against the  Son of Heaven. They, - appear to 'rbe,  actuated by the conviction that it,r'is  no longer worth while to be robbed and  massacred'by mandarins'if the,central  power has lost his divine afflatus.  China is no more' able to quell this rebellion than she was able to repel invasion,' for the reason that when superstitious faith in the Emperor is gone his  power is gone with it, and practically  the administration of the Government  is so imbecile, resting almost entirely  upon a system of terrorism and foreign  subserviency, that effective measures of  any kind for self-preservation are not  expected even in court circles.   1  This kingdom'contains 30,000,000 Ma,  hometans, who turn their faces towards  Bagdad when they-pray, and every one  of whom expects to be rewarded with a  houir made of 'gum tolu and a milk-  white horse when he-dies if he has made  away with an infidel dog.  There are 200,000,000 of these'fatalists  in the world. How do they communicate with each other f Heaven only  knows. But they do communicate. ' Recent letters of English missionaries in  China give us to understand that the  most. ignorant Mahometans 'in Manchuria Know perfectly well what is go-'  ing on in Constantinople, which recalls  the fact that the' Sepoy rebellion in  India was talked about in the bazaars  some time before the news' came by  wire to. the authorities.'  Now, whether in a coinflict Islam has  any chance with the forces of civilization is not the question that arises here.  Wo are only iritent on , .pointing, out-  that anarchy threatens in two of the  worst governed ��������� nations -of the world.  Tho disintegration of Turkey 'and China  is to come through chaos, in which a  fanatical spirit threatens to run amuck,  and long before the benign forces'of the  world are co-dinated against it millions of lives must be lost and many  more millions of hearts broken.  This appears by history0 to be the  price-mankind pays for tho extirpation  of the wrongs of centuries.     ,  .���������  BELL'S MW-fOMD EIT1E  EXPLORATION OF A NEGLECTED  DRAINAGE SYSTEM.  It Jn round to be of Iliiexperlrd linporr-  nnc������'���������t Vnst Are.-i in Quebec I'mir* lis  *Va������rr< Into a i'cntrnl ������;ii:tnn<l Wliicli  Kmp'les Into IlinNoii Knj'.  A newspaper correspondent has had  an interview the other day with Dr.  Bell, the well-known explorer of the  Geological Survey, and the .following  story of his recent discoveries is given in  his own words; ���������  The actual survey extended completely across to James Bay, the south end  of Hudson Bay, and up tho. east shore  of James Bay to Rupert House, the  position of which had been accurately  determined. Up to the present year  the largest unexplored 'region iri tho  habitable'portion ,of the dominion was  the great tract lying to tho southeast-  -wa'rd of James Bay. This great blank  was an,eyesore to geographers and a  reproach to Canadian enterprises. That  eyesore has now been removed, and hereafter our'maps will present a very'different appearance. '  During tho past two years Mr. O'Sul-  livan, the Inspector of Surveys of the  Quebec Crown' Lands Department, has  made extensive surveys in tho upper  Ottawa region and the southern part  of'the area just explored by Dr. Bell,  but these have not yet reached the  public, and beyond them was still a  great unknown tract. In view of the  important results now obtained it appears strange that this tract has remained so . long uninvestigated. ��������� It  happens that the great blank on our  maps corresponds nearly, with a single  drainage area, so that'  A LARGE RIVER FLOWS  through its centre. It, was this central  trunk that 'Dr. Bell surveyed instru-  mentally all the way to its mouth in  James Bay with branch explorations  in    differnt     directions. ' Of    course , a  fluence of the western Atlanta Fortunately, the forests have escaped fire,  and old timber is to be found over nearr  ly its whole extent. This consists of  fine white and black spruce, K2.ma.ra0.  balsam, cedar, white birch, and go on.  These discoveries >xire of immense importance to the province of Quebec,  since they so materially increase the  known extent of its ,cultivatable������land3  and timber and mineral resources. Dr.  Bell,said the metalliferous rocks are  very' much moro extensively developed  than had been suspected. The province  of Quebec has here a great back country in reserve, and one which possesses an unexpected value. It may be  fashionable to .decry those forest regions inv'connection with prospective set^  tlement or to compare them, unfavorably with the Western 'prairies, but in  many ways they are really preferable,  and a time is coming when they will be  inhabited by a thriving population.  RUSSIA'S SPLENDID OLD  LIBRARY  passing of food.  Avoid all appearance of haste, though  one must move quickly in order to accomplish all  thoro is to bo done.  A'maid who is watchful, will never with fine gradations of difference that  permit one guest to help, another in tho J can   only   bo   understood   by   experts.  ] When a man murders another in cold  blood, it must bo clearly shown that ho  is 'utterly irresponsible for his actions,  even in the faintest degree, before the   -_ plea can. validly be entered a3 against  his   receiving   the   punishment applied  Useful Recipes. to such cases.     Lot it be   known' that  -,.'.,. ��������� T-, '      j r 1   '       tho plea of unsound mind    can   easily  Chili S4uce.-For every dozen of largo be eatored as a bar to tho execution  ripe tomatoes have two green peppers, of justice and a loose roin would bo  two onions, ,0110 and a halt tablespoon- ! given to tho murderous instincts of  fuis of salt, two tablespooufuls of sugar, ! many violent men, which in the con-  two of vinegar, and ono tablespoonful I frary case would be held in check by  of cinnamon. Peel the 1 tomatoes and the_ certain knowledge that crime gen-  mmco fine. , J  Bread Pudding.���������Ono pint of ��������� bread  crumbs, ono can of Gail I3ordcn Eagle  Brand Condensed Milk, mixod with 0110  (uart of boiling water. Pour over  truinbs. Tbe yolks of four eggs, beat-  ftn light, a pinch of salt, flavor to taste.  When baked beat tho whiles of cgg.s to  stiff froth, tiibl four heaping fea.spoon-  fiils of confectionor's sugar, vanilla lo  la sic, ''pica'' over pudding and brown  slightly.  orally leads to condign and heavy punishment. The interests of society at  large must, govern .rather than a"partial view of particular cases.  The Scorcher May be   Scorch ed.  Have   you a   bicycle  suit,   Larkin ?  1  have.  Uoes it fit?  My Lawyer fears it will when it comes  to   trial.  ' Among the provinces of Turkey arc  Armenia and Kurdistan, with over two  million population, and ever since the  fcecond century strongly Christian. We  have been reading now for a year of  how Turkey treats these Armenians.  It simply lets loose one sect upon another. The series of massacres and  other barbarities finally reached such a  itage that the moral sentiment of Europe and America made itself .felt at  Constantinople.  The Sultan, after innumerable delays  and excuses and protests, was forced to  take some action. There is no doubt  now that he did try to prevent the killing of Armenians, unci under pressuro  from England wus prepared to make  certain concessions to the Christ inns  rather than see a British iron-clad fleet  in the H->sphorus.  All this might have been, and was, undoubtedly foreseen by wise diplomatists. Ru': what, .has not been foreseen  Ls tbf. muttering of the Mussulman himself it this evidence of weakness. The  Sultan  appears   to  be   panic-stricken.  He Ls between the devil and the deep  sea. In these concessions to tho hated  Giaours ho has forfeited his divino right.  He has at least impaired his own prestige with the loyal Turks, and there is.  every reason to believe that there now  exLsts in Constantinople- 'a party ��������� or a  cabal of-assassination, the members of  which sincerely believe that the inierects of, Mahometanism can be best conserved "by making away with a Sultan  who Ls the mere puppet of England, and  has lost all puissance in carrying out  the doctrine of the Koran and in emulating the example of the Prophet.  In plain words, the jingo Turk wants  to fight and die for due faith, which is  being slowly undermined and cooped up  by the dogs of infidels.  WILL HE LOSE HbS HEAD?  That Ls why the son of the faithful  shuts cbimf-elf up in his palace and  ehanpes his guards every day. Surely  nothing c.in be more humiliating than a  vicc-ropent of Heaven taking counsel  of the Greek Patriarch, and forced to  tre-it the demand-, of a British Minister  with respects-, nothing more bewildering  Some Tnefs of Interest .4l>out This   Collrc  I ton or Itook*.  The' University of St. Petersburg has  the  largest'" and  best   oriental, faculty  in Europe; its    professors    lecture in  Arabic,  Persian   .Turkish,  Tartar,  Armenian, Georgian, Mongolian, and many  others.-   Particular facilities are always  given to students of oriental lan'guages  to pursue ��������� their   studies,  and many  of  them have been sent to China, Japan,  Persia,  and olsewhoro  at   the  expense  of  the  Russian   Government.   For   instance,'Prof.'   Wassleifjf, tho    veteran  orientalist    and professor of    Chinese,  was sect to China.   These aro some of  tho peaceful, means  by  which the Imperial  library  has  been  added  to,  but  war and revolution have also contributed their quota.    Gen. Suvarof, with his  motto," Forward and strike," has been  just as great a benefactor  in his way  to this great institution as (be wealthy  Czars and merchant princes.    The sack  of Warsaw, in which 0,000 Polos 'were  slain,  made him  master of that town  and master of tho valuable Zaluski, library.    But the benefit which the Russians  reaped  from  the  French  revolution is, perhaps tho most noteworthy of  till.   Count Dubrovski, a I.ib.io, h l.->, v. on  attached   to  the   Russian   Embassy   in  Paris   when   the   great   upheaval   took  place   During   this  time  museums and  palaces  were  pilbigcd   by   the    raging  populuec  and   collections and  libraries  burnt  and     scattered   to   tho    winds;  hundreds of    manuscripts    and    books  were ruthlessly destroyed.   Some, however, esctiped the hands of the destroyer, and were sold  by  the government  of the day to small shopkeepers, from  whom Dubrovski    bought    them for a  song.   Thus ltussia has become the custodian of unique treasures. Among tho  letters  which  were  thus  acquired  aro  several Written by Henry VII., Henry  VIIf.,   Richelieu,     and     Catherine'   do  Medicis.     . *������  The earliest printed book in Russia,  which is in keeping thoro; is a history  of the apostles, with the date 1561 on  its'title page. As regards the public  library building there is not much to  be said; it i.s not a very imposing building, nor is it so well adapted to library  requirements as  other   largo  libraries.  MLss Mathcw, the bride-elect  John. Dillon, the Irish member  Parliament, is tho eldest daughter  Justice.   Mathcw,    a member    of  single season was not sufficient to explore the whole region but its leading  geographical features have been,.ascertained. , The existing sketch maps' show  some indications of streams running  into James Bay- from this heretofore  unexplored region, but those indications would; have been better left' out,  as, they are quite misleading. The actual-rivers do not take tha directions  indicated, and, with a single exception,  their supposed names have never been  heard of. ,  The geographical '"'features',,of ���������, the  regions lying south of James Bay are  very simple and easily understood, now  that'they are known. A great hydro-  graphic basin lies south-southeastward  of the , bay, ' and a corresponding or  twin basin lies south-southwest of it.  The Moose - River, with its long and  widespreading branches, drains the1 latter, while tho river Dr. Bell hac explored ^and its branches drain the former.  The river he reached north of Grand  Lake proved- to 'be '.the trunk stream  of the system, but some of, its branches  reach -further; inland and give the  stream a length of fully"500;miles.t The  form of the drainage,, basin j resembles  that of the Moose,'-but .it is somewhat  larger. ,It extends from "close-to .the  Rupert River in the north- to the  height of land near the upper Ottawa  in the south," and from the headwaters  of the Ashmouchouan on-'the-east-to  near the Abitibi, River in the west.'  The Rupert .River has- no appreciable  tributaries from the south, nor tho Abitibi from the east, both streams being  near the rim of the basin of the fiver  under consideration.    ',  Nearly the entire area drained by tho  new river lies within tho province of  Quebec.     ������  THE ANNUAL RAINFALL  is evidently greater in tho eastern than  the western basin, as the resulting river  in the former is certainly much larger  than the Moose., The 'height of land  between the upper Ottawa and ��������� this  great river system to, the north is not  a mountain range, nor even a ridge,  but a sandy tract, so level that a very  little elevation on either side ��������� would  turn tho present flow of the water in  the opposite direction.  The river rapidly grows larger by the  influx of branches from either side.  Within the first hundred miles it is  joined by the Mejiskun, a large stream  which has its source ���������near, the head of  the St. Maurice. It now becomes as  large as the Ottawa above Lake Tem-  iscamang, and.it continues to receive  important branches, especially from tho  west. In this section it is wide and  sluggish, but deep, > about thirty to  forty feet on the average. It is flowing through a nearly level plateau, and  is broken by chutes onlyfat long'intervals. It finally falls into the west end  of a .lake called Mattakami, which lies  across the general course of the stream.  The opposite end of this lake receives  the Waswanipi, a very large river,  from the. east. From tbe middle of the  north-1 side of this lake tho united  waters flow out as an immense stream  and follow a tolerably straight course  to the head of Rupert Bay, which may  bo called its'estuary, and which receives the Broadback" River, another  largo branch from the oast. This main  trunk river receives some largo branches from tho country lying toward tho  Abitibi Lake end River to the west.  From the junction of the Mejiskun  River to Mattakami-Lake thoro is only  one human inhabitant, an old Indian,  who came from the West u few 'years  ago and took up a bunting ground  large enough to form a province. On  Miittiikatni Lake Dr. Boll found another-Indian who had come only this  summer from tho West to fish and  hunt. On the grunt river, between  this lake and the sea; Dr. Bull found  only one camp of rndinns, but they belonged to Waswanipi Lake and had  come here for only 11 short time in order  to build birch bark canoes.  Tho elevation of the height of land  between Grand Lake and the huad  waters of this big river is about 1,000  feet, nnd tho descent is very gradual  till within about 100 miles of the sea,  when it becomes rapid, dangerous for  canoe navigation, and almost  . LM POSSIBLE TQ.-ASOEND.  The area of- tho basin of this groat  river is almost ��������� equal to that ot all  thoso portions of'the pfovinco ot Quebec  already bottled. It has an undulating  or level surface, and a deep clay soil,  without rock, except in very limited  areas. The clayey nature of the soil  causes most of the tributaries to be  turbid, whilo all the branches of tho  Moose River, except Lhe Abitibi arc  clcarwafer     "      "---'- ���������      --������������������     ������������������-���������  RUSSIAN PERSECUTIONS.  How IEiii.hI.-i, I lie   <:iiuiiiiu.ii.   oi   Armenia  lfr.es   ller   Own L������iil������Jeets.  Russia has posed as one of the three 1.  powers anxious to bring about a better  state of things in Armenia. The trouble in Turkey has mainly arisen through  tho irregular payment of functionaries  and the,police, and tho consequent disorganization and semi-anarchy. Count  Kcllay, who, as an Austrian official  governs Bosnia���������now in a flourishing  condition���������officially reports that ho administers tho Turkish laws (which no  states aro really good) with,some slight  alterations. This proves that it is tho  bad administration of tho law in Turkey which is" the great' trouble.. Although tho Christians have been tho  greatest sufferers, , yot the Moslems,  who, amount to'two-thirds of tho population, 'hayo '"also been ivictims.'  ���������But, in regard to .persecution, Russia  is as great a sinner as Turkey; 'especially considering that although tho pay  of her officials is inadequate, yet it is  punctually forthcoming'; and it has a  vastly larger proportion of well-educated office-bearers." Its state religion is  that: of tho Orthodox Greek'Churoh.but  the Dissenters number many millions,  and they have h id, and still havo, a hard  'time. Besides this, tho Catholics, who  number nine^ millions, havo much to  complain of���������especially attempts at  ��������� FORCIBLE CONVERSION. ,  The treatment of the Russian Jews, who'  number four millions, has been���������though  in different ways���������as bad or worso than  that ot tho Armenians; but European  public opinion has brought about an  amelioration.  .Count. Tolsioi, tho well-known Russian writer, nn author of world-wide  fame, ��������� has, ' with rare moral courage,  written to tho London Times (October '  23) with an account of the dreadful persecution of a small off-shoot from tho  Greek Church, known as tho Dukho-  bortsy, who number only <a few thousands. Their doctrines comprise something of the " Quaker land Plymouth  Brethren'beliefs,' combined with some  of tho tenets of the .Unitarians. They  are opposed.to war���������oven to bearing f  arms; to taking oaths, and to litigation.  Tolstoi describes them as ' industrious,  honest, . sober,- &nd well-conducted��������� <���������  'practically far above tho lovol of tho  Russian peasantry.' Ten of thom re- <  fused to sorvo! in tho army, and'were  consequently sentenced to servo in a  disciplinary'battalion, a,,sort of earthly  purgatory. A largo number ot tho elders were, also imprisoned. ��������� Tho Governor of tho Caucasus thon ordered all  of the sect to. assemble at a given spot,  but, apparently anticipating gross outrages, thoy did not come, whereupon the  Cossacks were let loose upon thom and  quartered in their houses, being allowed to ^ ,.  DO AS THEY PLEASED.  Numbers were severely flogged and women were outraged, and all their effects  were cither stolen or destroyed. Ultimately 401 families wore driven penniless from'their homes to starve. Tolstoi's detailed account is harrowing, and ���������  it is safe to assert that there is no other  Russian with sufficient moral courage  to expose isuch tyranny,' but ho holds  such a high literary position that angry  officials must bo careful what they do.  Doubtless the Emperor is personally unaware of theso and numbers of other  horrors, but now that' it has been ���������  brought to his notice (for he sees tho  Times) there will" bo .--a change ' for tho  better, no who publicly exposes official tyranny in Russia is liable to bo  sent to , Siberia without' any ceremony,  and brobablyauy other person would bo  sent there, and tho Czar would hot be ,  allowed to.know the truth. Tolstoi's,  partial lifting ot tho veil is a fine example of the use of a high literary position for a beneficent purpose, and his  action must certainly bo reckoned as  greatly to his credit mutiny attempt t6  properly estimate his character.  How to Estimate Trolley Car Speed.  There Ls in the public mind a confusion of ideas as to'the speed of eleo-  tric street'cars. Two inexpert observers guessing at this speed will rarely  come within miles of the correct estimate Yet it is possible for anybody,  by a simplo calculation, to arrive at  very nearly accurate information. An  electric car going at the rate of a milo  un hour t ravels 88 feet in a minute. At  two miles an hour it makes twice that  distance in a minute, or 170 feet. At  three miles an hour the distance travelled in u minute is three times 88, ��������� or  2GI feel. This distance of 2(it feet is-  about the length ot an average city  block. If it takes a car a'minute to  gn a block the rate of speed is three  miles an hour. If the ear goes two  blocks in a minute the rate is about  six miles an hour. Three blocks in a  minute means nine miles an hour.  Four blocks in a minute indicates a  speed of about twelve miles an hour.  At five blocks in a minute a car is going fifteen miles an' hoar. When six  blocks are traversed in a minute I lie  Sliced is eighteen miles an hour. A rate  of seven blocks in a minute is a speed  of twenty-one miles an hour. It must  l;c understood th.it average blocks are  required to make good such estimates.  An Intelligent Witness.  A witness in court who had l)een cau������  tinned to give a precise answer to every  The climate is well adapt-I question and not talk about what ho  ed to agriculture,, judging from the -might think the question meant was interests and other indications. Around | tcrrogatcd as follows:  Lake St. .lohn to the,east of it, and j Toil drive a wagon?  again on   flic   Missinaibi   River  to   the!     No, sir. 1 do not.  west,    wheat  is known  to    ripen,  and1 . Why, .sir, did you not tell my learned  barley    ripens    at.  Rupert     House and   friend   so   this  moment?  Moose Factory to the not th of it.   Roots,     No, sir, I did not.  family   of     Matbuw,    of Thomasl.own, j iind hay are found by experiment to do1     Now, sir, I put it to you on your oath.  Kilkenny,   and    u grcat-grandnioco    of j'well  in   this   region.    All   this  i.s   only, Do vou drive a wagon ?  K.-if.her    Mathcw.   Sir    James lAIafhew   what we mightjjoxpect,  seeing that   it  Lj   oho    of    the    few Roman    Catholic , lies lo tins south of Enghnu'l in lntilude,  ���������judges on   the   English   bench- and is far removed from the cording in-  of  of  of  the I  No, sir.  Wlrit   is   vour occupation.  I drive <i horse-  hen 1 PAGE 4.  TJJE KOOTENAY MAIL.  BIRTHS.  Tomms.���������At, Kevelsloke, on Sunday,  J >������������������(-. 22, tb<* wife of E. Toombs of"a  SlrrJ.  LiNiiMAHK.���������At. Revelstoke, on Tuesday. J)ec. il, the wife of C. Lind-  m.-n-k of ,-l d.-iugbti'i-.  Local and Personal Briefs:'    r.  Tbe public school here will reopen  on Moii<l.-iy, J.-iini.-u-y Hth.  Tlie Mi.-ws G'ibboii, <!f Port Moody,  .-l f<* visiting ft lends in town.  .LAI. Kellie, M.P.P., has gone to  Viclorin ;ind will not rV-turn until after  'the ^--^irni of tbe Legislature.  Mii^ A<1,i it- ai-i-ived from New Denver  ��������� ' Wi-ilucsday   'j.-ind    is    spending     the  ('ii.-ii-tm.-is holidays at hor-  home  here.  \V. TninJiiwni,   manager  of Bourne  '   Urns, j's'ew Denver branch, whs in Uv.vir  ��������� I'm- a few iJ.-iys last week on'a   business  trip.'       ��������� .  ,  -\JN.-. Livingstone, of New Denver,   is  -pemlin^ lier   Christinas   vacation   in  town.    Sho i.s tbe guest-of Airs.  C.   H.  Teinjlli*.  ' Win. Viik'eis, Pete Walker, Dave  Fr'i-guson ,-iiii] Dave (;owan, denizens  of Trout Lake, are spending their  CliribUnaf, in (own.  Fi-cd Allen   lias  postponed  his  visit  to Kiigi.-unl .iiid has taken the contract  ,  for carrying the Trout Lake mail!    He  left on his first trip hist Monday.  The roof of the new skating rink,  which .was demolished by tho weight  , of snow last week, has, been repaired  anil the proprietor has everything in  readiness for the advent of the ice king  who seems somewhat tardy in making  his .appearance!  A. MeRaslic, who lias been sojourning bore since* his .-arrival from  Honolulu, a few weeks ago, started for.  hi* home, ,-it Ottawa,  Out., ' yesterday  morning.     Mr.    McRastie   will   come  . ^    ,       '��������� ���������  Avon! again next spring and intends   to  again vi<il Honolulu as he' anticipates  a great revival in all branches of trade  , blioic: in tbe near future.  The owners of teams who showedJ  enough public spirit to break a double  ti-ack���������on our streets and keep it .open  during the past two .weeks deserve  commendation for their good work. It  is an innovation which will be appreciated by pedestrians4who, during  prist, win tors,, have been compelled to  . wade through snow 'several feet deep  'every time they had occasion to pass a'  team on tbe streets, o  , Christmas, as a season of big dinners  rind good cheer generally was duly  observed at the various hotels in'town.  The proprietors of the Central, .Stockholm and. Victoria hotels each made  special provision for the festive  oi'ra.sion and there was no scarcity of  guests to partake, of their hospitality.  Tin* decorations of the dining hall at  the Victoria were particularly elabo-  i-ale.  The Masquerade.  The worshipers of Terpsichore,   who  were also subjects   of King Carnival,  heir]    undisputed    sway   'at    Bourne.'s  ' J Tall last night, when the much-talked-  of masquerade   hall   eventuated.    The  Muse of the dance  had   no   reason   to  , complain of   the number  or> assiduity  of her devotees    and    Carnival    never  ruled over a merrier crowd of   merry-  iinkors.     The   costumes   were   varied  nnd included a wide, range of characters,  historical     and    otherwise���������from    the  king to the   clown.    Most   of   them  wrire, pretty, some of   them   grotesque,  and   a.  few    unique;    while    the   in-  (Miigruousness displayed in an odd one  here and there, showed that the wearer  ibid only  a   very   slight  acquaintance  with the character assumed.   Amongst  "iiie   unique   characters   probably    the  ��������� most noticeable were the  "Two   little  ::l!-1.s   in    blue.''    Their   makeup    was  beiond reproach, asuwa's their   deportment, except for a slight   tendency   to  hoi.I  ��������� : 'I'-ess ac times.  The "Algerian  <Inut,. .j; girl" was another   well   made-  up   oh-ir.icter.      ''Ro-salind's"   costume  pn-babiy surpassed   all   the ' others   in  ei(-i;-L'>.-e but was marred by inaccuracy  in <ii-,L'ti.    The get-up of "Charles II"  wi-,\cry    if ood,    save    for    the   hair,  v.'iih-h    was     decidedly      coo      short,  "li unlet'' was decidedly off color in  a  white    blouse.     "The    child    ofo   tho  lie_'iinr.'iu" made 'a pretty figure in her  - ,irli-t   tunic.     "Airy    Fairy    Lillian"  ,,;l> a iintiee.iblf-   figui'f,    and    in   ,her  own   -ipliete   -'Topsy''    had    no   equal.  Amount, i he grotesque. Sir Homebody  :��������������� ���������mcili'iig-or-oiher,     with     the      un-  pt-niioiinc.ihlr* name was unrivaled.  Tin* follow ing ladies  and   gentlemen  AGENT WANTED.  A Live, Hustling" Money-Maker  TO   SELL  "HIDDEN.MINES AND,  HOW TO FIND THEM "  = - = By Thos. W. Newman ���������=���������������,-  rnHE BKST AND FAST EST SELLING BOOK  X on Mines, Metals and Ores on the market. Liberal terms to good man in your section.  This book . tells how lo llnd, test, open and  work or sell' all kinds of mines and describes  every Ore. Mineral, Gem and Precious Stone  of commercial value. Hundreds -selling in  British Columbia. You can sell a thousand  copies ritfht at home. Price by mail free,  'cloth, ������1.30; leather, $������.00. Send us your address or order from  THE M. ROGERS PUB. CO.;  54 Yonge St., Toronto  PROVINCIAL SERETARY'S OFFICE.  Cth December, 1S95.  TMHE followinp definition of the Trout  J_> Lake .mil Ainswoi'th ' Mining Divisions of the West Koot-enay District  is substituted for the description of the  said divisions published in the Hritish  Columbia Gazette of the loth March,  1894:���������    .  WEST KOOTENAY DISTRICT.  3. Trout Lake Mining Division.���������  Commencing at a point on the eastern  boundary of West Kootenay District;  thence westalong the southern boundary of the.Illecillewaet Mining Division  to the'eastern boundary of theLarileau  Mining Division; thence southerly  along the 'eastern boundaiy of the  Lardean Mining Division to its junction  ,with the Slocan Division; thence  easterly along the. northern boundary  of the Ainsworth Mining Division to  the Lardean River j' thence'-"1 northeasterly to the eastern 'boundary of  West kootenay District (crossing the  Duncan River* at a point to include the  southern water-sheds of the Cameron  or Hall Creek, and East Creek); thence  following the eastern ��������� boundaiy' of  West Kootenay District to the point  of commencement.  8. Ainsworth Mining" Division.���������  -Tn-Jnelside all the country on the rivers,  "streams and tributaries thereof flowing into Kootenay Lake north of Goat  River Mining Division, except those  portions of the ,Lardean umL Duncan  Rivers included in the Trout Lake  Mining Division.   ' '  By Command.    ������" ,  JAMES BAKER.  33-2t ' Provincial Secretary.  J. R. HULL & CO.  Wholesale    and   Retail  Purveyors of High-class Meats.  REVELSTOKE, B;d  All orders in our line will be promptly  attended to.  COPYRIGHTS.  CAlf I OBTATK A  PATENT f    For a  prompt answer and an honest opinion, write to  OIIJNN &-CO., who bare bad nearly fifty years'  experience tn the patent bnainens. Communications strictly confidential. A Ilnndbook of Information concerning I'aCrntu and bow to ob-  ��������� tain then nent-free. Also a cataloguo Ot mechanical and scientific books sent free.  Patents taken through Hunn & Co. rccetvo  special notice in the Scientific Amcricnn, and  thu are brought widely before the public without cost to the inventor. This splendid paper.  Issued weekly, elegantly illustrated, has by far the  largest-circuittIon of any scientific work In the  Sample copies sent free.  .   ling Edition, monthly, ������2.50 a year.   SlziRtr.  copies, *ia> cents.   Every number contains bean,  world." 93 a year.  Jlulldlng Edltlont_monthly,  tiful plates. In colors, and photograph* of new  bouses, with plans, enabling builders to show th������  latest designs and secure contracts.   Address  KUMN Si CO, New Yobk. 3������1  ������������������������" ���������  .-,-   ���������  were noticed amongst the throng" of  masquer arters: 0 H Johnson. Nana  Sahib; C E Shaw; Charles II; A  Cummins, Cosmopolitan; W Lawrence.  5th Century Monk; Miss Walker, evening dress ; Mrs Sibbald, Lady Teetzel;  H Hanhury, Sailor; H M Martin, Up-  to-date; Miss B Gibbon, Topsy; Mrs  II J Bourne. Airy Fairy.1 Lillian ; J  ���������Kendall. Clown ; IT Brewster, Page;  Miss May Adair, Sister of Charity;  Miss Temple, Child of che Regiment;  H J Bourne, Sir Jamolkee Jeejhebhoi;  W Morton, Russian Peasant; Mi^s M  Adair, Flower Girl; Mrs Temple, Sunflower ; T Duggan, Flying Dutchman ;  W Thompson, Ptige; Miss  School Girl ;   Mrs  H  A  Brown,   -Mid  [L.S.] E. DEWDNEY.  CANADA.  PROVINCE    OF    BRITISH     COLUMBIA.  VICTORIA, by the Grace of God, of  the Uniled Kingdom of 'Great  Britain and Ireland, .Quichn, Defender of the Faith, <fcc, &r., &c.  To Our  faithful   the   Members elected  to servein the Legislative Assembly  , of Our Province of, British Coluni-  . bin   at  Our   City    of    Victoria���������  Greeting.  .    A PROCLAMATION.-'     .  D. M. Ebbrts, \ -^TrllEREAS  Attorney-General, j VV We are  desir-ons and resolved, as soon as ,may  he, to meet Our people of Our Province  of British Columbia, and to have -their  advice in Our Legislature:  NOW KNOW YE,   that for divers  causes and considerations, and   taking  into(consideration the ease   and, convenience of Our loving subjects,   We  hive thought 'fit,   by   and   with   the  advice of Our Executive Council of the  Province of British Columbia, to here-  ,by convoke,   and   by   these   presents  enjoin you, and each of you,  that on  Thursday^   the   Twenty-third dav .of  the month of January,  one   thousand  eight hundred and ninety-six, you meet  Us in Our said   Legislature or Parliament of Our 'said   Province, ��������� at'Our  CityofVictoria.'FORTHE DISPATCH,  OF BUSINESS,'to treat; do,  act,  and  conclude upon those   things which  in  'Our  Legislature ��������� of' the   Province   of  British   Columbia,   by   the    Common  Council of Our said Province may, ' by  "the favour'of God, be ordained.  In Testimony ' Whereof, "eYVtt   have  'caused   these   Our' Letters   to.'be  made Patent, and   the Great Seal  of the said Province to be hereunto  affixed,:    Witness)'  the." Honourable Edgar Dewdnev, Lieutenant-Governor of Our said   Province, of  r,      British Coluinbia.in  Our   City   of  Victoria, inOurs-aid Province, this  fifth day of December, in the   year  of Our   Lord  one   thousand   eight  hundred ' and   ninety-five,''and  in  the fifty-ninth year of Out Reign.  By Command.- ' ��������� ,. V ���������'  ���������������������������"   '   "   JAMES BAKER,  35-4L Provincial Secretary!  ' Administrator's Notice.  DON'T-DO   IT I  Don't buy goods where you have to pay for*  other people's bad debts. I am going out of the  credit business and am AFTER THE CASH, so  bring your purse and get 60c. Cashmere for 40c.  Double width Dressgoods for 30c. 70 inch Flannel  for, 75c. Men's All Wool Under Suits at $1.25. r  These are only some of our SNAPS so call and see  our goods and prices. .  H. N. COURSER.  BEVELSTOE  IB.O.  In  the County   Court   of 'Kootenay,  holden at the East Crossing of tlie  ,    Columbia River;  In' the   matter   of   Pearl   Henderson,  otherwise known   as   Marie.,,Nier-  inaii, and, '   ',   . ,,  Tn^he matter of'the Official AdnYmisj  "trator's Act; dated the' Fourteenth  day of November', 1S95 :        ,.  UPON READING the affidavits'of  Joseph   Dee  Graham and   Peter  Rasmus  Peterson,   it is  ordered   that  James Ferguson   Armstrong,   Official ���������  Administrator for the County Couit,  District of Kootenay, shall   be admin-!  is>ator of all and singular  tho   goods,  chattel*, and credits of Pearl Henderson, otherwise known   as  Marie*  Nier-  man, deceased, and that this order*   be.  published   in   the   Kootenay    Mail-  newspaper,   for    the   period   of   sixty:'  'Signed, CLEMENT J.CORNWALL,  ,    ' C.C.J. ������������������'  Our   advice   to   those   about,  to    marry,    is  The. creditors   of   Pearl - Henderson,1  otherwise known  as   Mar ie< Niei-man,'  .late of RevclAtoke, in the 'District of;  Kootenay,  are required  within sixty-  days from this date to send   to   mi*, by"  registered letter   addressed   to   me,  at  Donald. British Columbia,   particulars  of their  claims  and  of  the   securities  held    hy  them   (if   any).      After   the  expiration of the said sixty days I.shall  r uutcnrrian ;    pri>cer*d to distribute the   said'   estate,  G Hamilton,    having regard to those claims only   at  "which I hhal! have had notice.  Dated at Donald, in   the   district   of  .summer Roses ; Mrs No^-they, Queen of j Kootenay, British Columbia, this 18th  Diamonds;    Burt   Campbell,   Grecian ' day of November, ISflo. 33-91  Peasant;     Bert    Temple,      Chimney J. F. ARMSTRONG,  Sweep: Mrs Conr'sier, Algerian Dancing j Offjcial Administrator.   '  Girl;  Guy   Barber,   Royal   Engineer; j~      ~      77 ���������       7������ t-  Miss Toomhs, Negress; f Syder, j Application lop uqaop  License.  Flam let;  ' Miss     McLean.     Kathleen'(��������� ���������    the        But   if   you    MUST   marry;"'why ���������-���������r-^^-  GO TO  Post   Office stbre    and    buy ' your    outfit   ' there,  complete , stock   of   Gents    Furnishings^   always  hand.    Shirts,    Shoes   and   Suits   a   specialty.  A  on  Awarded  Highest  Honors���������World'*  Fair,  Mavourneen ; Miss'Edwurds, Rosalind ;  Alfred Chine, Uncle Sam ; J Foster,  French Count: J Shaw, Jack the Piper;  Mrs C E Shaw, Swedish Peasant; Mrs  G Biirtoij, May Queen; Miss Coleman,  Black Diamond; Mrs W FOtage, Kate  Greenaway; Mis'- Ifopgood, Little  Girl; Mi:..s T Campbell, Salvation Army  [>as.sii*; Mis'! Livingstone. Pond re; W  FCrageandFG Cotton, Two Little  Girls in Blue ; J.is Reighley,  Trapper.  Tlie music for the occasion was j  furnished by the Revelstoke Orchestra i  and proved very acceptable^ I  The ball of bust night was a fitting  finale for the first series of the social  assemblies, org.uiizeil by Mr. R.  Cordon, which have proved such a  success during the past three months.  Mr. Gordon propose'- to hold one. more  assembly, next Friday evening, when  the members* will decide whether another series will be commenced.  ATOTICK  1\     thirty days from tin  IS HERKBV GIVEN that  date hereof,  I. the nndeiMgncil. v-ill apply to the  Stipendiary Magistrate for vV"r*st. Koot-  erjav. at Xel-oii. for a license to sell  spirituous Ib-uni's- at, my hotel, situated  at Arrowlir-iid, at the mouth of the  Columbia   riic'r, Cnper Arrow lake,  ClfAkl.lCS BLIJHM,  ReveNtokc, November 2(). 1S05.       KMt  I     ��������� Lra a  NOTARY   PUBLIC   -  J  REVELSTOKE. B.C.  WEST KOOTENAY DISTRICT.  MOST PERFECT MADE.  A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder.   Free  from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant,  40  YEARS THE STANDARD.  Church Services To-morrow.  Rev. Father Peytavin will eelebrate  mass at. lO.IJOa.m. in the Catholic  chureh. ,  Services will be held in the Methodist  chureh by Rev. J. A. Wood to-morrow  morning and evening at II and 7,.'f0.  Sunday ..ehool at 2.!'<0.  ���������..Service.will ''������: held at the Pie.sbyte.-  i-iau Chureh tr'i-iiini'i'ow evening at 7:'M  p.m. by Mr. Guthrie Perry. Su..ii.ij  School nt:J.  Certificate of Improvements.  NOTICE.  BLACK I'KIXCK MIXKUAI/ CLATM.  .Situ'itu 111 the Trout Lake Mining J)ivi������imi  of West KfK)t<-n;i3- OUtnet. VVhert Ivyited :  ti* milos up l������.iin<:r Creek. Take ,no'.ir;e that. I,  Werbert T. Twi^K, aifent for William C. Ya������-  key, frf*e mlm-r -t wrtitl*-������tc .Vo. .VifiUl, iiit*.*rirl,  si\ty i\ny< from thrj dA.fi hereof, u> apt'ly tx* tbe  Gnlrl Coinmi^iorKjr for <i wrtiflc-ite of finurove-  incnts, for the puriK,se of obtriitiinj; ������. Crown  grant of the above rl.iini.  Anrl further ...ike n(.rii:e, t'mt n/tverfo uUlnix  must lw Tsent It* the Qo!<] f'rjiririiis'-.ion'.T and  notion cornineneof! before the iMsuitnue of hhcIi  ccrtifi'-atc of irnr������roveinr nt*.  I),ited thin thirtieth dn> of H> ptonrb'.T, IWi.  Certificate of Improvements.  RK V-l'l I'STO K K D f V fS TON.  AIAj PLAtJKR CLAIMS and mining  leaseholds, legally held in this  division, may be laid over from tbe  15th November, Ift05, M> tbe l������t June,  bSOo. J. I). (J RAH AM,  Cold Commissioner.  Revelstok.*. Nov. 1), ISO!). .'{]-fit.  Mining and Real Estate Broker and General Commission Agent.  FIRE, LIFE~AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE.       ^  Kr  NOTICE.  INO WIM.IAM , MTNKftAI. Ci.MM.  Sllnato in the Ti-ont fjiko Mirilnfr;  lilvNion rtf West. (Corrlerniy lliitri't. 'I'.tke  .Votii-c that f. /farry Abbott, free riilncr'n  certi(Icate Xo..'i."),ill, Intenrl, Hixtv davH frrrrn  the rlatu lieniof, to apjily to l.liu Cold <'onirnli-  nfoner for .1 cfrlillenlo of irniinncmeiitfi. for  the |iiir-no������i.* (rf obtaining a Crown (ri-unb or tin.*  above i-lniiri.  And fm !.hc.r take noti'io, that, .ulvcrrie .i.laiiii.i  milHf. be Heirl, to   tin!   Cold ' Coiiiniirtriioiicr  and  aet.ion r;rriiiiiiener;d.bef(rro the iHmiancO of Hiieli  cnrtiflcate of irnprfrvninoiitfl.  Otilod Mi in sevpntoentrli day of .Siipteinbei-, 18!)').  fl. AllIJO'l'T. '  TflK  BEST AND CHEAPESTROUTE  ff>   AKI)   KltOM  All Eastern Points.  7'bron|,'b Klrft f;liu������.SIij'*iilii(<('arHnri(l Tourist  .Sleeping Cani to St. I'.ml, Mfint real and Toronto  without fhtiutc:  REVELSTOKE TIME TABLE.  Atlaiitir; Kxj������r������si������rrivc������   II:M daily.  ['iMiillf! " "        I0:'2.r<   "  For full Information as to nitcrf, tlnm, etc.  ajiply to  I. T.   lii-cwstcr,  "       Agent, Kevelntoke.  OKO. Mel,. IM-fiWN,  District I'.i-scnccr Aki-iiI, Vancouver. H.C.  Tniiim Inivinic llevelstokc on Hmidays,  Monday nnd Thursday" make ciniiir-rlirni*-  with the I'nlatial titoirncrs' ", Manitoba."  " A tbabasda ". anrl "Albortn," which lenvo Kort  William for Owen Sound every Sunday nnd  Tliui'Hdar, and for Windsor and Sarnia every  WodncHday. <  Representative of the Kootenay Smelting & Trading Syndicate.  ACKNT FOR TROUT LAKE CITY, EVANSPORT, KASLO & NAKUSP  ll  CASH  STILL IN  ASK���������  ?>  FOR PRICES ON  CARLOAD  OR OTHERWISE AND BE CONVINCED.  He Also Handles  GENERAL GROCERIES - MINERS SUPPLIES  A^And Other Articles too Numerous to Mention^"  -SS  S  51  Mi  i  KM  I  %  n


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