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Kootenay Mail Dec 7, 1895

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FOR  MEN ���
Finest C.islimtrc Sicks '" &i
Kxlra heavy ivool <lo <* .VI
Hot  quality   Slietl.iml   wool
'     Underwear,-]>er suit  1 2.">
Finest nul. wool   "       ..."    - ��� 1 0"
Unices, lii-r i>.ur, 80c. und l"c.
 :6:  !
The English Trading Co.;
Vol. 2.���No. 35.
EEVELSTOKE. WEST KOOTENAY,, B.C., DECEMBER^JL89J
C E.  SHAW,
Customs Broker,
REVELSTOKE.
$2.00 a Year, o
Established 1877. .
���   CAPITAL, 8500,000. '    Incorporated 1893.
-SHIP  US  YOUR	
era
;<$1?|^*\3'
��i
2J&.
fo??��jU\\    Tlicro Im NO T>TJTV
g ����� .5v5��;S?* on   1'i.in   <>'���   i-'jy
���X"~  'JA.i\ fiiii--   u""'11*    "3
"A'A'"��]i*i$\   V.'rlli' lor Cii-i*"l.ir
g*S��^iP*3^3����'    ^-^l I-ATI>*'l' '3!AKK i-T
Rri fT"-* f3�� 5S?   SB  "3  ffl (^ .tf^Ji
a��sa ii,cPIilla.ii gb.-wo.
IMCOnFORArCD
��   ; MAIN H0US*��: 2p0-?12 Firbt'Avo. Hoi'to. K^NEAI'Gi.iS, H��N��.        ^
1 .'"'   - ' JJIt.VN'CJTJiJlSW: '    ,,
"     HELENA MONT.      ��|      CHICAGO, 5LL.      1      VICT3R.7., B. C.     I WNWIPEG, E*mJ.
���       '              o*.                                              '            'r.1 AVlian'Sl.         I    201 Kin? Ol.
Cookc&Dozcman Sts.   I  I "-'      i'-1-'	
Kootenay Lodge
No.'l5A.F. &A.M.
Thc regular meeting
are held in thc ilas-
f--^-rk^\       oiiicTeiiiiilc.llouriie'--
.������   /ttJ-Sfst^.Thill,   on   the   third
-^--^^ilmmy.AlS^^a M ..nd a v    ill    each
-r5LCT^,~J^^L^:j'""'"1'    :,t 'S    p"   ,n-
-*���^*Z-lL^-~���^*v 5=.    vit-itiiiK   brethren
eordi.illy welcomed.
W. l-\ OIIAGK. Si:ckktakv.
REVELSTOKE LODGE, I. O. O. F.. No. 25.
As*. itcKiilarinwitiiipsare held
-~,  o-)j-��� HcL'iilarnieetiiiifs are held
C^^/'yS&ze.   in OvhlfellOHv' Hal) every
^'b\$&j^~��s* Tli'irsil.iy nistlil at  eight.
%��3&yF&$2��A o'clock. Vi-viling brothers
^Sr-*3j>'*!!>^j?    cm-dial ly weK-oined.,
II. 8. WILfc-ON. X.G.      J:. O. U'-\VIS, Six.
Confederation
e Association Toronto.
Loyal Orange Lodge No. 1C53.
Itemil.ir mcctiugi- are held in
the Odd Fellows' Hall on the
njunnd an.l fourth WedneMl.iy s
of c.i'jh liionlh .it 7::!(l l>. in.
V-Miing lirethren .ire cordially
invited.
]���:. AiiAin. .i. i. woonuenv,
W.M. Uee. Secy.
A'.-McNElL,   ,
BARBER SK?P AND BATH BOOM,
front Street,. Iievelstoke.
Capital and Assats Over 1 InsuT.anoe at Bisk Oyer.
"��� *; 5$3,ooaoco. __j __J!H2i2?0'000 '
., Before 'insurinsj' you .should, see the     |,
' MoilKI.   POI.ICV   CoXTR/NCT
CONDITION
ssu;-d by ,dfc .hove BESTBICTIOHS
s '    - - ���
w Comp'inv.
Full, particulars on cipaiication to Agerls:
T. L. HAIG-, e     '  J- D- 3KEJJZE,
A"t>nt  fi>r  llevi-'otoki
General A-cut, fur P..C.,' Vane, mi'i*.
;U'f ^""^   f"\  i A i   A    -*.
Haircut, 25c; ,Eath, 50c; Six Shaving
Tickets for Sl'.OO.
GUY   BARBER,
WATCHIrlAKEIt AND JEWELLER. '
Repairing ""������aall/ ?t Promptly Executed.
E 3VELSTOICE, B. C.
FURNITURE, ',-
Boors, Sashes k Blinds.
R. HOWSON,    v
EEVKLSTOKE.'   '
O'JVF 1NTS ,C Al I T\ LED   1N  STOC K.
aoi:xt'ko�� mingi:ie skwiso machines.
^.3   -
WHOLESALE DEALER IN
WINES, LIQUORS ' AND  CIGARS.
^iCED'-V SLSTOS
' -TT1
. _ELl
IB-O
Stockholm' House: gill
.JOHN' STOKE, Uiioi'i-n.TOi:.
The Dining Room is Airmshod with iha best (he
Market affords,      ���
��� HALYCON SPRINGS; HOTEL >;
Arrow/'   Lake.
I.S nnw '^iiiii'ii at Llii'su Colobratod Hot
Sprlnssl'ni-tlio .ii'cnnimnilation <it" ^uest--.
-iatcs Jt.50 ' o $2 50 a day. Baths 25 cents
lacJi or fi"o tr 31. .Sjinuiiil rates to families
vii-liy llm moiiiii etui buiii-i-iiiittoil.   v>
Dawson, Craddoclc & Co.   '
XLbc 1kootena^/Ibatl
' REVELSTOKE IKON WORKS.
West Kootenay is now recognized
us the gmiitest mining district, in
British Culunibin and even in the
western United States^, wilh the
exception perhaps yf'Cripple creek m
Cr/lor-ida. Its development,, liowevcr,
has ftcaivelv begun. Trail Creek,
,L\).i(i Mountain, Jiluc ]iell and Slocan
'.ire i,'iviiig forth their wealth, but they
are 'detached localities in the .southern
part of the (li&ti ict, while the giwt
central and northern portion of West
Kootenay, although known to be rich
in mineral deposits, , have attracted
little attention.'
That such a valuable mineral field,
prospectively' so important, us the
consumer of iron and steel in all '-their
multitudinous forms, has now to rely
upon outside and distant foundries and
iron works, is'a state of things that
c.innot long exist. And we are confi-
denttli.atwithin'a few months extensive
iron worCs will be established within
the district. Theiv. are at the piesent
time more than one iron company look-
ing'ovei- Kootenay district for a . suitable place in which to locate a branch
establishment. , The ' advantages, 'of
Revelstoke arc being consicleied. as
one of the places in which it would be
desirable to erect such works.
The most important advantage
possessed by Revelstoke is' its central
position. We do not refer to its
geographical location, although in this
respect it is more central than any
other important town. Being on the
Canadian. Pacific Railway, the great
artery of Dominion traffic, where it
crosses the Columbia river, which is
navigable both north and south, it is
the point from which all freights in
either direction must be .distributed.
Its accessibility, therefore, from ;, and
to the east. " west, north , and s'.uiih
prove.** that it is central. 'No other
town in'West Kootenay lias this advantage, and no other one for ve.u-s to
come can compare with it in ,thi:;
respect. E\en should the lung-talked
of and much-hoped tor'   B.C. Southern
Blew His Brains Out.
A man known by the name of I-'.
T. Adams committed r suicide near
Salmon Arm on Nov. 2S. He was
���ipparently a. tramp and had been employed at Oenelle's sawmill about, a
month. On Thursday morning he.
borrowed a gun from a' neighbor,
ostensibly to sliojt a bear which be
,aid he had seen. Tie went about a'
mile up the hill, la-vhed the gun to a
tree, fastened a string to the. trigger,^
seated,himself in front of the muzzle
md pulled the tiig^ur, the. result being
instantaneous doalh. The inquiry
held bv this coroner last Katurdav
failed to elicit any pai ticulars i-egaid-
jng the antecedents of the deceased..
Williams Sells out of the Coniolation.
One-fourth share of the Consolation
mine, on French Creek, Big Rend,
owned by O. B. Williams, was sold
last Monday to Pete Levesipie and
-Jou B'imgisois. ,. The pi ice is liot given
but a portion iif 'the purchase money
was paid'in cash,'the balance to ,l>e
corthcoiiiing' next spting, and will
probublv, be taken from bed-rock.
LevesquVand Bourgeois left on Tuesday for the Bend accompanied ' by J.
\V. McCreary, another shareholfler -in
the Consolation. Mr. Williams'went
west on Monday evening to Whatcom.
ILLECILLEWAET.
,   .     Steamer Kootenai Sunk.*
The Sto.iiner Kootenai, Capt. Alex.
Lindquist, on her trip hist -Tuesday
morning;' from Wigwam to the mouth
of the river, struck an obstruction,
supposed to be a rock or Miair. and
sunk about 200 yards above
wood Island. She 'was loaded
ties and was towing a scow ( loaded
with rails aud ties for the Arrow Lake'
branch. The.captain did not at" first
tliink it serious, the weight of the scow
dragging' him over the, .obstruction,
"ke;1 on his way. Biit'sivm the
i"to be leaking bad-
n)
Cotton-
with
Winter has set in at this camp.
The snow is about 18 inches deep on
the low ground, and three feet at  the
mines. ��� _, . .
Capt. John Grant left last ' Friday
morning for the east, and there aie
some intimations that he, will visit '
Scotland before his return. The
syndicate or mining company that he
is acting for , in superintending work
on the Maple, Leaf was formed at Toronto, and he will doubtless rep-nfc
progress in person.
' Mr. Snowde'n, who is .superintendent
for the Lanark Co. started'for Victoria
on Friday and is not expected to re-
tnn until afler   the   Christmas' lioli-0
days.
An English comp my that proposes
to operate iu B.C. mines has obtained
terms for a bond on two claims a few
few miles from town. The. deal will
be closed in .March.
The Isabella; the riche-sr.-gi^vjtoJwyL.
claim iii this camp, was worked at ��� a
former time," the ore* averting -'WO'
ozs. silver and some samples' running
as high as,'1000 ozs. to the. Urn. It.
belongs to the ��� Lanark Co., -and fixe
men will be employed on it during the
winter. '  ������
Ben Green has bought from John
Skogstrom foity acres > of hind at
Albert Canyon, and will settle on and
improve it.   4
" The deep snow in the mountains
has driven some wild animals to the,
lower'levels. " A few days ago a l>ear
wasshot by Charles Taylor, .with buckshot, a few yards from the Maple Leaf
hotel. Tt was 11 o'clock at night,
but he was hit by seven buck-shot and
killed instantly. A wolf also is , making a visit to-the camp almost nightly,
looking doubtless for a feast on Tommy
Richardson's ducks and chickens.
ani
NA'VIGATION.
9..
THE BAK IS SUPPLIED WITH THE CHOICEST
WINES, LIQUORS AND-CIGARS.
Uaccj
THt ChN I HAL  nu I Li
ABHAIIAMSON   BIIOM., Puoi'iMiToitsj.
First-class Table   +  Good Beds   -:��� ' Fii:e-proof. Safe
Telephone   ���  ,'Bus Meets all Trains.
.  l^Tn-;v7T:i:^Sn?0.-ECS3,      33-Q-
1395    TIME   SCHEDULE    J $%
', ���     M'iriS  OI,n  FAVOIUTK  RTEAMEIt
(C'ajil. Kola. Sundcrson) :
wn.i. :;l-.s- rir.-rwi:K.v
REVELSTOKE    and    NAKUSP
Stopping   at    L.vitDr.AU,     Thomson's
Laxijino and Halcyon Hot
Si'iM.vo.'s during the
Season of'1S95.
Leaving Bovelstcko Wednesdays nml Satin*
diiy-iut 7 a.iii.
Leavlns Nakusp Minidnys and TIiui--diiysat
7. ii.ni.
Tlio abuvuilatcs aro subject, to clinnue with-
u��t ���-...'loi-. -' ll0]!KUT SANDKIISOx.
TriL   QuELNb   hOlLi
Al'.l'i.Vli AMSON   l'.IU)S.. Vn.nMiii:'!'..iis.
Everything new and Firsf-ciass iii nil Respects.
Tlio II3U35 is stoiM with tho Finest Winos and Cigars in tlis Miriat
W. A. JOWMTT,      jTiiE "REVELSTOKE   PHARMACY.
MINING A-.-T7J JlJiA.^ F.STATE BK,OK"3R. '             - -         .-	
Lwdoau iu Ploean Pi-ospoots Wanted.       ^���' -*��� V.3r~��L-a LTU l~J
 _ ;ffl Q
'   ,        ,f^ '*Til I'I IXFkNT"' H
IILL TESTS �����&��� 'i *    s for 25c-'     i>
iSSAYS and
 S a-rip I os   looted   from   .,
'.'A. ...\ lb.   to 1 ton in weight..
;rf   T & B Etc. , W
0
Golambia & Kootenay
Steam NavigationCo.n|
PASSENGERS FOR '
Hall's Landing-.   ,
Hot' Springs.
Nakusp. Three Forks
Nelson. and Slocan Points,
Kootenay Lake Points,
���Trail  Creek,   Rossland,
Northport and Spokane
���-SliOL'M) TAKK  TI1K���
STEAMER  NAKUSP
l.i'iivi-i Wlfrw-iiiii fm* XukiMi and Itiib-iin. Moil-
d.i.\- .iii'i.'I'liui-Mliiy-v nt 7 p.m.
I..'av..'iv IIdIhmii fur Niikuv.li. WIkwihii und Cim-
mlE.iii   1'm-itle   linllwny   piniiln   (eiirtl.   nml
wcsl) on Tiiii-iliiyhiim! l-'i-ida.wiiil li p.m.
CuiiiM'elKin Is imidi'iil.  Iluliion  Willi  C.&lv.
U'v f,,i- Nol'iun nml with stu.imoi- '* Uyllmi     lor
'i'ijul (.'revjk nnd N'oi-iiipiirl.
Koi-loiiil timi; ein-il of the C'niiipiiny'u slc.im-
cis nn ICouteimy l-'ilse.,apply to tlie jmii-si-voh
bimi'il.        * ...       ,
Km* full infiinii.itidinis totickels. riitc-i, i'ii...
npply to T. All.in. ' Seerctiiry. NelMin.   11 U
OCEAN STEAMSHIPS.
ROYAL MAIL LINES.
CHEAPEST routo to tho OLD COUNTRY.
J'roposod l-iiilii)(;s from Mimti-ciil.
A I.I.AN'   IJNIC
I'AHls.'AN	
MOXCKl.l *N    	
riiihvay thruugii Crow1.-, Nost Puss
built to Nelson. #>;">fl r.-iilw.ty mithori-
tices say that it will not &<i f-irthoi
Vest tiiaii LlieColiiniljiirrivcr.t-an.f will
join tlie main line ot' the CP.K. at
Revelstoke, either from Hobson,
Nakusp or by way of Kootenay lake,
the Lardeau Pass and Northeast- Arm.
It will be seen, therefore, that all of
Southern Kootenay can then be readily
supplied from this point, ;u>d largely
so even now bet'oi ei * the suggested
avenues of tr.dlic are opened. All
points on and near the river, including
Trail, -Rossland, the 'Slocan,, Trout
Lake, Lardeau and Fish Creek, are
now' reached directly by way of . the
Columbia from Revelstoke.""
Other advantages besides these already referred to\:;in be named. Large
quantities of raw material are used in
foundries which have to bo transported by railway, such as coke, anthracite
coal,"moulding sand and pig iron, nnd
on much of these all transportation
south of Revelstoke will be saved, for
in converting pig-iron into manufactured goods the other articles
mentioned "are mostly consumed.
At no other place in West Kootenay
can these results be secured. A first-
class foundry and iron-working establishment here, would quite surely
settle the question for all of Kootenay.
P.ut should one be located, say 'on
Kootenay lake, Revelstoke would still
command business to the cast, dividing
the distance with Calgary, and would
hav^Donald, Golden and the Upper
Columbia ; to the west, Tappen Sjding,
Salmon Arm, Sicainous and Okanagan
Valley, wheie castings and iron work-
will "cbe required 'immediately for
smelters, concentrators,' tramways,
pumps and other mining purposes ;
north of Hcvelstoke, on the Columbia
and Canoe rivers; then-' would bo no
competition ; and to the south, the
business originating on and near the
river, with proper enterprise, would
bclun" to Revelstoke, iu addition to
Slocan, the Lardeau, Kish Creek and
lllecillewaet. That iron works will
soon be established at. Revelstoke
there is no doubt, and we invite the
attention of the inaniifncUiiers of mining and milling machinery to the advantages of its location.
]t is reported that one of our public-
spirited land owners will present to
any good iron-works company a suit-
able'and desirable site containing two
lo three acres, that will establish
works here of .sullicient capacity to
supply the needs of the district.
boat i|Vas d*'sc ivi-ret
Iv and she was tinned partly. around
an.l run on to a shallow, "gravel bar,
where the water was about four, feet
deep, ;.ni! not dee]) enough to cover
the deck. The cargo belonged to the
i C.P.R. and was not of a 'character to
suffer injury'. Worts are being made
to raise her" by means of pumps and a
bulkhead. '"
A New Gold Camp in Colorado.
i A despatch'from Denver .says: The
v-plciuliclC-u-i'iM* of Cripple Creek may
lir repeated . and , possihly. eclipsed hv
"West ("reck, which,.is within 50 miles
<if Denver. The greatest activity prevails- among the miners and prospectors
and there are now several hundred
assessments worked. The miners claim
the mineral is richei than that^at
Cripple Creek, on the surface. Lt is
lodged in dourly /U'lint'd veins, and
can lie easily traced. The camp is located 21 miles soutli of Platte station
ou the Denver, Leadville & Gunnison
railway.
Lake of the Woods Gold.    -'    -,
' *.   i
According to the Rat Portage ' Re-
mrd the total production of the, Lake
of the Woods gold mifies for . November was 700 ounces of gold, of the
value of $12,600. This wa�� from the-
Sultana, Regina and Gold Hill mines
a'ud the Rat Portage Reduction works.
The Sultana was running its ten
stamps full time, and the' Regina ten
stamps were running very little over
half time as they "are- still doing d<*
v-ftlopment work. The Gold Hill ten
stamp mills ��.��d t��e Reduction works'
(twenty stamps) were running very
short tune us they are only just begin--
ning. Mr. M. T. Hunter brought in
from 'the Sultana mine on Monday
two gold bricks, one weighing SO
ounces and the other S6, a totakif ICO
ounces, being a coin value of $3,100.
This was from, the clean-up of the
previous'week's run of the.mill.
.Niiv
(I
IC,
DOMINION*  1,1X1!
"Mauiiwh    	
VAVriu-vrii	
w
W. PEMiW H\BVRY. P.C.S.     ___   A ~^> O
..������;.yan-6ouy6rj;.B:0.       ��� I   ^J-vJX^^.l-u^
All   A^,'*"�� ���.������'��������.���!���;��� ���' '"    IViplii-iile. ��� .-     ���     :'x.n flTn!,-r, \"��vi U"'K" ��'��V:
CortUiwitcs  l'i.rwnn'led   by   nil urn. ,        j Hfc    -"fthtftLb l.UiVt-.    l-.��Ahj?��_rtUl.
IIK.WK!
I,.uci: WiSNii'i n
J.aki: Ontauio     ...
LINK.
...Oct.
, ..Nov
...Nov
ai
m
���_'u
C'.ilitii .*!*'. 9.*1'. SM. ��70. ? -0 anil iiinvunls,
Inlf'i-miiliuti" SHI: Sti-fiii^i- Md.
I'as.-ii.-irs ll,ki*l,;>l  tlirou^'li I" "11.1'lji'ls of
diviil lii:l.*nii ."mil Ii-.'liinil, nml ut h]H'i:iiill.v low
r.iti'- In all !'.irl�� of Un- ICiii-oim-.iii i-kiiIiik-iiI.
Ajiply li>iii:iu-(;sl.nn:iiiiwlil|H,rriiilwn.va|{Ciil.,lo
I. T. BEEWSTEE. Agent, tlevolstolto,
'...r lo  UmiKltT  lCi'litlt., Ocn.'.���'.r'liHKCiifc'or At;i:i.,
\Viuiiii>i'K. i1 .   .
Railway'Connection for Silverton.
It, is rcporl-d th.it the Kaslo & Slocan
Railway Co. will, at the coming session
of thc Legislator.', apply for pet mission'to extend its i-oad from S.-indoii to
Silverton. The road would nm,close
to' the Alamo concentrator helow
Three Porks and the Mountain,Chief
mine, pass through New Denver, and
terminate I'or th�� present al Silverton,
m> ns to command the Alpha, Fisher
Maiden' and other Foni-.Mile Cieek
piopcrlic-i. This extension will most
proliahly lie undertaken in the spring.
Al, New Denver ,il is repoWed parties
liave appi'iiached Angus McC-iillivray
to secure hi-- interest in the townsite
,,n theslri'iigth of this pio.jected move
of the Kaslo riiad.--7V//ii//"'.   .
A judgment, rendered by Judge
Crease at Victoria yesterday declares
that stipendiary and police magislrales
have no jui Ndiction in the.Small Debts
Court.
A polilir,il meelinw: in the interests
of Mr. Hostock was held at Kamloops
last Saturday, the principal speaker
heing (he lion. Jos. Martin, of Winnipeg. Addresses were,also ('elivercil hy
Mr. Bdstockmill bis^ opponent,., Mr.
��� Mara..     7.   ��� ,      . ' '
Our Mining Laws suit Him.
John   H.   Toole   rceciVlly visited,llie
Houndary Creek country in  the  interest, of lhe  Anaconda   Mining  Co- the
result heing I lull, that company has become inl"i'esli'd in some, of the proper-
lie.,   there.    Mr.   Toole  says   Ihe puis-
pecl.s nf the camp impressed him   very
I'avorably, 11*-* also did our milling laws.
Speaking to the KuLtc Minn: he said :
"The  mining  laws  of lhitish Columbia have many excd'eoi features.    For
instance, a   mining  claim   is  150D   leet
square. AH M��e nijneral in that ground
belongs  to  the owner of the claim, no
iiinl.ter where the ap.ex is     lis   boundaries   are   vertical   and    then-    is     no
disputing   about   mid'-rgromid   workings. ' This prevents a vast iiiiiotmt   of
expensive     and    aiinoying   litigation.
Then   the  claim-jumper  finds   15,-ilish
Columbia a poorliel.l I'or liisoper.it ions.
AH persons   lo  own   mining  propel ty
liiei'c imist luive a i< liner's license. Thi.-
applies to nntiven ,i'. wdl a*- foreigners.
II' a uiiiier alteinpl-s lo jump a piece  ol*
property or  doe.s anything c.ilculated
lo make trouble or inflict  wrong,   the
gold   commissioner piomptly  j-cvokes
his license, .-ii'id his iiiiuiiig iiriqiiirty .is
declared .forfeited."
Output of the Slocan Mines.
Byron White estimates the' output
of the. Slocan mines the coming year
at ,20,000 tons. "The Slocan Star
will ship 10,000 tons of this," he said
to a Spokesman-Review reporter. "Development work in the Slocan has run
far ahead .of production,''he continued,
"and'now that the railroad is built,
the mines have large ore bodies blocked out, all ready for knocking down
and shipping. Many of them, in fact,,
have largc quantities of ore on the
dump, waiting for a snow fall to take
their product down to the railroad.-'
"The ore shipped from the Sloeim,"
said Lane Gilliam, "will average at
least 120 ounces of silver and 1200
pounds of load, over and above the 10
per cent, of lead and live per cent, of
silver knocked oil' by the smelters for
loss in treatment. "With silver at G7
cents this would bring SS0.10, and
with lead ut :l cents, ��.*3t5, or $116.40
per ton." "A good deal of the ore. in
that "section returns 1500 and 700
ounces per, ton," said Mr. Gilliam.
" List winter the Good Enough, -frouj
a 1 1-inch vein, shipped one carload of
ore which netted tho owners *SS!170
afler all cost of freight and treatment
had been paid."
Conservative mining men think the,
gross value of the Sloeau ore will average SI 2:"i per ton. At this rate, the
estimated output for the coming year
would be $2.r)00,000.
The Pilot Bay Smelter.
A. M. 1 lendvrx says that the. Pilot
liny smelter shipped .'WOO tons of
bullion since the ltfth of March the
smelter having been running about
one-half of the time, and the company
has not purchased so much as 175
tons of lead from the neighboring
mines. *
'���Since January 1, he snys. the lilue
Hell mine, owned by the company, hat
produced 42.SU tons of ore. The.
new coin pressor is now at work in the.
mine. At present only four .drills are
being used. A' shaft is being sunk
from"the. lower level and thc ore is
constantly improving. The same per
cent, of lead is carrying a higher per
cent, of silver. The hoisting and
��� pumping in the mine are Wing dvnn
by coinprey.sed air.1' tfgSS*s.ynrr"7rwii ii im ��������� raeos  O.  ' SVTIJIKIKT VOTES  Never before In Europe or in the  world lias there been a politlco-military  eombination of such magnitude as that  of the six Christian powers which havc  taken joint action in the case of Turkey, ' The' Holy Alliance of 1815 was  a feeble thing in comparison with it.  The powers now acting together for a  special purpose have more soldiers under  arms than there are able-bodied inhabitants-in the Ottoman empire. Thc  army of Sennacherib tho Assyrian, or  Alexander, the, Macedonian, or Caesar  thc Roman, would look small alongside  thc millions who march' under the flags  of the. sis powers that confront the  Turk. ��������� The armies of the middle ages,  ,or of later centuries, the armies of. Napoleon Ronapartc were far inferior in  number to thc armies which stand ready  at this time to draw thc sword against  the Sultan. No military combination,  ever before existed upon the earth tlio  magnitude of which can. be compared  ��������� with that of thc six Christian powers  recon tly formed. Thc thing is not likely to lost long, but, while it lasts, it is  a spectacle without a parallel' in history.  It Ls stated, that Mansfield, thc actor,  having ju.st recovered from a. severe ill-  ' neas, finds that hc has forgotten all thc  lines of his parts and will havo to rc-  Btucly them. This is by no means an  unusual phenomenon, for memory is a  tricksy faculty, aa most people find out  before reaching' middle age. Much as  wo aro obliged to rely on it in all the  affairs of life, it is constantly deceiving  us,   often   to  our  mortification'.  Sickness, as ��������� in 'Mansfield's case, and  old ago arc the chief enemies of memory and often' greatly impair it���������that  Is, they impair the recollection, or the  power of recalling at will. It is doubtful, from vvhat experience shows, if we  ever absolutely? lose^what has once been  '' in tho mind. ( ,We are often surprised  by thc coming up for a moment to t^e  memory of some long past event which  . had apparently faded from the recollection. In,fact, we often make efforts  to recall something and utterly fail for  , tho time being and give it up.1 Presently there walks into the mind unbidden  and uncalled for the very circumstance  or thing that wc had been so vainly  seeking.  The experience of persons resuscitated from drowning confirms the" theory  that, nothing is lost from the mind.  ,Their testimony is unanimous that ,bc;  fore' losing consciousness every past  event of their lives, passed vividly  through their minds. Dr. Oliver Wendell Ilolmcs, in hLs'lecture on "Mechanism in Mind and Morals," tells some  anecdotes touching his experience of  drowning men. His theory is that  everything that has once entered the,  mind is photographed there; as on the  plate of a camera, and there it,will always remain for good or ill.  ABOUT TIE HOUSE'  Because Father Does It  In a family that' is unfortunate  enough to have for one of Its recognized heads 'an immoral character, the  other should,' ic my opinion, be ever  loyal to truth and the young characters put into his hands for molding into  usefulness or uselessness, says a writer.  Here is another question. Which shall  it be? Shall thc children be brought  up in the very mi list "of sin (great or  small, the misdoings certainly are sins)  and never bo warned against them,  never be told that they are wrong, sina-  1'ly because it happens to be their own  father or mother who commits the sins?  Shall they be taught that whatever  tiieir father does is right and good for  them to follow? "If father does it, why  can' I not do it ?" is a question which  confronts every' mother.  If this particular father is in the habit of doing those things whioh are immoral and harmful, what will thc mother say in reply to that, boy, if she has  brought him up never to hear a complaint' or criticism of tho wrongdoings  of his father? If, for instance- tho  father be a shiftless, worthless sort of  a man, will the mother, if sho be ever  so industrious, bo likely to succeed in  making of her'children thrifty men and  women, if they are taught to think  that what their father does, or rather,  does not, is all right ? Boys, particularly, are likely to do just as their father does, and often to think just as, he  does. - ' ,  If the mother be an indifferent housekeeper, will not her daughters follow  in her footsteps and make some home  unpleasant ? Tho very example should  be a guard against this, but it is not  often so. It is hard, of course, for one  parent to criticise the other, and, perhaps, it Ls wrong: but the boys and  girls of to-day will be the men and  women of to-morrow and, if this is an  age of improvement, the men and women who will fill our high offices, in  coming years must be an improvement  upon their predecessors. All havc their  faults, all have' sinned and come short  of the glory of God, and, probably, this  will continue as long as man lives. It  seenis to me that if a person must sin  at all, thc future of his children and  the nation would be as reasonable a  provocation as any, so I would run tho  risk of its being wrong to complain of  the erring parent.  thoroughly hot, add ' two quarts boiling water, and let all cook till tender;  mash up' the pieces with a wooden  spoon to a pulp; then put in the washed tapioca, and milk, also another pint  of water; stir until it boils; skim,  and simmer for about thirty minutes.  Season to taste with pepper and salt,  and serve. This soup nas the advantage of being substantial as well as  nourishing, if properly made.  Mas I of the great scholars are celebrated for their memories, and wo have  all heard of the feats in that way per-'  formed by Dr. Johnson, Macaul.iy and  others. Tho celebrated Greek scholar,  Br. Person, .-scorns to have excelled in  this way. He knew by heart all the  great Greek poets and prose writers,  could recite whole plays o������ Shakespeare,  pages 'and pages of Gibbon's history,  Pope's "Rape of thc Lock," and tlio  whole of Somollelt's "Roderick .Random" from the first page to the last,  as well aa countless smaller things.  . Aclors are usually more noted in this  respect than others ancl innumerable anecdotes are told of''them. John Phillip  Kcinblo memorized with astonishing  rapidity, and,could repeat columns,nnd  columns of a morning paper after a  careful reading. Another,story is told  of an actor who memorized a long part  , in . a few hours before going on the  stage, but that after the play was over  could not recall a smgle one of his  lines. He played the part many'times.  but invariably had to memorize it freshly, as he-had done in thc first instance.  It has sometimes been , invidiously  etf.id that great memories do not necessarily accompany gieat intellectual  powers in other respects, but the list  is long of great men who had remarkable memories, from tti.fi days of Julius  Caesir, who knew,the names of all his  soldier.1-,, down to Von Molt Ice,, who  could keep silent in seven languages.  And the list includes not only soldiers  bul philosophers, statesmen, orators and  tcholais.  , Duties of Guests.  The pleasures of entertaining guests is  often materially lessened by their manifest indifference to the trouble- they  sometimes heedlessly entail upon their  hostess. For instance, the guest who  visits a friend, by the way,of a ploas-  and surprise, without having previously  apprised her thereof, is seldom genuinely welcome, as tho consciousness of  having' things prepared for thc coming of a stranger "in (the household constitutes a great deal of .joy in receiving  a visitor. Again, there is always a visitor who neglects to be in time for meals,  or thoroughly air her sleeping 'apartment, make her bed and properly empty  and refill the washbowl and basin assigned for her use, all of which arc unmistakable , signs of ill-breeding - and  personal unclcanliness! ��������� ���������  Another disagreeable' type of guest is  the ono who willfully appropriates all  her hostess' writing material, postage  stamps and hair and, hat pins without  the slightest honorable intention of returning tlie same as soon as possible,  liven ill servants aro employed in a  house, they are not bound to render any  extra service to a guest unremunerated.  Besides, it is but a very small-hearted  visitor who faih' to pay in some substantial way any'unusual service rendered by a servant. Again, it is only  a lazy, ill-bred guest who will disarrange books, bric-a-brac or furniture in  a house, and fail to replace them properly. The hostess has some . rights  which should be conscientiously considered by her guests, and which if  necessary," she is justified in asserting  N'o person should assume the unsolicii-  CHOLERA IN JAPAN:  Row the   ToKyo Aiuiiorillcs  Act   When n  Den 111 TaKcs I'iact.  .Riding through a narrow street in  Tokyo a few days ago' I saw' some  commotion around a poor Japanese  house and'four policemen with' 'yellow bands upon their sleeves, were displaying .great activity, writes a correspondent. As thc officer in charge  happened to be known to me, I was able  to learn through him that a coolie had  just- died from cholera ln the house.  The people in the street were driven  away, butl- was permitted to remain.  Iwos anxious to see what would be,  done, and 1 entered the' front portion of the hovel. In tho rear room  on a " futon ,lay tho black corpse of  the coolio. " I had hardly taken, note  of the surroundings , when a coolie  cart camo up, drawn and pushed by  four men.        ' ' ,  It brought a large, plain box, lined  with zinc. ' Tho body waa hastily  placed in it, a liberal supply of quick-'  lime. was pitched in, tho lid was  screwed down, and away the cart' and  its grewsome load went. Meantime  disinfectants had been brought up.  The poor rwife and three children wero  divested of their scant clothing,, hurriedly washed with some microbe  destroying preparation, wrapped in  fresh cotton kiminos and sent to . a  place of care and detention in the  neighborhood. The work of burning every particle of clothing and  bedding and matting in the place then  began in the. back yard, a bonfire being, made for the purpose. Every  article of excrematory matter upon  the premises was thrown upon this  blazing pile. ' Then the whole premises  were thoroughly, saturated with disinfectants of, the most approved character, the house was" closed, and a  policeman was left in charge to, keep  people off the premises.  The officer in charge, who spoke a  little English, told me ��������� thnt if _ thc  epidemic had been showing a disposition to increase of late this house  would have , been burned to the  ground. Tho scant furniturer'and belongings of a Japanese house of'the'  poorer class 'enables thc police to  carry out their regulations. at no  great cost. The latest figures furnished  officially touching thc cholera in Japan  place thc total number of oases to date  at 48,129, and the number of deaths  at 32,848.  DIMBHESTO THEOIIS  SCARCELY A EUROPEAN RULER HAS  A STRONG SUCCESSOR.  CARIBOU IN NEWFOUNDLAND.  Inuiirii<-c  Ecrdnnre Found in tlie Almost  Untrodden interior.   ���������  No such enormous hards of reindeer  are anywhere to bo found except in the  Barren Lands of Canada as those that  roam <��������� the ulterior of Newfoundland.  The new railroad has made their  haunts much more accessible, as" it  runs through'the best ��������� portion of the  caribou country. 'A number of American sportsmen have,' lately passed  through Canada on their way home  from the sport of deer .stalking in the  old island colony, and they declare  that with ,the completion of the road  to Port-au-Basquo next year there will  be an ever-increasing'stream of sportsmen into the Island, both from Canada  aud the  United States.  Several of this -year's American visitors havc purchased vlargc tracts of  land in'the interior for game preserves  and0 whereon to erect summer residences, among them being Ur. Parker of Brookln, and a number of his  <; ..uC u���������iu,���������.���������- friends. They have selected the  ed right, of brincring another guest to a ' countrv- jujsC north of the [lumber Itiv-  strange household. But of all objection- er, and expect that in a few years tne  al guests, is the one who wears her wel- American contingent will ' lorm no  come out br remaining too long'at any inconsiderable part of the summer  hou'*, and who is annarentlv insensible   population. '  or indifferent to hints for.her desired       .Such   multitudes  of .the  caribou  are  cep.i rtuxe.  Ma kin? Transparent Leather.  The manufacture of transparent leather is now carried on hy a new process.  'After the hair hn.s !>;en if moved from  the hide, the latter, tightly Ki.relehed  upon a suitable frame, is rubbed wilh  a f-olution of glyr/vinc nnd numerous  uoids, and afterward placed in a rn<->m  when; tho rays ul the sun do not pene-  trvte; it is then saturated with a solution uf bichromate of potash. When  Ihe, hide, i.s dry, an alcoholic, solution of  lorl',i"-> shell i.s applied tu its .surface,  nii'l (he transparent effect ia tlms obtained. ,  Help Wanted.  Old Fricnd���������Woll, how i.s your flying  machine  getting  along?  Invenlor���������Getting along? I finished, thu I twenty years ago. Fvocy detail is complete. There it stands, ready  to go.  CrarkV I Why don't you show it, to  llie world*?  Cm n't.    All men arc fools.  What's the mailer?  Can't. f-".i'! ii man anywhere wil.b.scnsc  umu/fh <���������<��������� climb up a hteeiile and try  ll.  Some Good Recipes.  ���������Fruit Salad.���������Any le'ft-over v fruit,  e.itber canned or fre.=h, may be used.  If two or three kiniU all the Letter.  Place a layer, say of p^-'-ches cut fine,  then one of banana*, pears or other  fruit, with a sprinkling of sugar for  each layer. Sprinkle the top with grated cov'i'anut; puur, over the juice of the  fruit if any. Prepare' thc night before. , j  Codfish a  la .Mode.���������Pick into bit," one  teaor.pful of codfish, mix well with two  cupfuls of mashed potatoes, one pint of i  rid, .sweet milk, two eggs well beaten, \  half ������ teacup of butter"; salt    and pep-  i now slaughtered by the settlers, who  .iond the meat.for sale to St. John's,  tiiar there is reason to fear that this  noble animal, like thc bison, may  become    exterminated.   The   , islanders  ' are alive to the danger, and the Gov-  ! ernment  will   probably  soon   do  as  it  ' L<.. urp,vL and enact proper protective  measures,  under which no possible in-  , crea.se in the. number of sportsmen  will  cause  any  marked  diminution  in  "the supply.    . .        .       ,.  ; There ;������re irnrnen.se regions in .the  interior to which the deer now resort,  wiser* the soil Ls barren anil can never  i l/e r<*Iaini*d and the tree*, are laden  with hanging moss, the int.ural food  of rhe reindeer. With proper protective liw,c this could to readily converted into the finest deer park in  the world, thoutrh w.nc -u-lion will !>e  i'oj   il.i- extermination  of I he  'per.    Bake in an caithcn dish 'or a hour. , yk>Ivcj>,   whic'i   al    present _   prey^to  a.  tivenly minuter'  .Fried Squa.sh.��������� The round button  .squashes are at their best whe.ri frie-i.  They are too watery for steaming like  the yellow summer sqiuush. Slice 0.<;  vegetable, acrow*, not too thickly, dip  each pice/5 in beaten egg, then in ,-vea ���������  "oni'd bread or cracker crumbs and try  quickly in boiling fat, which ahould t������;  at a good depth in the pan. J,int-. a  colander with yellow paper, sot it in a  hot plac, and a.s the. slices are, fried  lay I honi or. the paper which will absorb all oil. f-'erve ou a small pht'.ler  with   I.he  slic-s  overlapping. |  Frirasfod Chicken.���������Cut. up t he chick-.{  en and place in a'saucepan with barely I  water enough io cover, stew ge.ntly un   ���������  ne/-.e.'--ary  great. o\t<-,ut iij*,n th" dwr. When  Ihe deej- jn, south, thousands of these,  ���������splendid annual.1, can '" niei with in  herds, il,o-igi, ll,'- l.i vv limits, each  ppfirlsinar. io ek'l.t in I li" cour.s" of  I lie   .<.< sunn >���������  JJr. f'inker r-rf,k U.n-k ������nh him _tko  New Vork Hi1' n!.e|cirri, and .Moii*--..'in-  clii'lir.v i.''-'"ts and anl I''i".i, of. four  s| I'-i.did -f,e#.|rrifn������ of Mi'* t.iijl,oti,i-onl-  pil.-vi.'ig ii V imily groun, ���������.���������-},ich afh-i  p.i.i"in/ liiioi.'ib li.i' f.-vri'Is of a i.ixi-  dern.i.-.', "Ill U' presented to the  Ai'.en. .'in Mn-'urn of Malum! Jlistoi;,  New   York. .  I '.  I '-n  \ HoaTless Parent  .\fi-.s IJnllion���������P.ipa  -ays  we can't, be  iv;  MM    KllilllJAIl   ���������',  wv v;i ,   n,v..-    ,������,'-.,".j    "'     ... , - .   ,       , . ���������l  lil tender, plnr**-. in a frying-pan with a ���������married until   you  ,*ie. able lo mpport  few slices of salt pork and fry unt'l    a i me  rich brown. Add the broth where  chicken wils cooked, thickening with n  little flour .slirre/l smoothly in cold  water. Simmer a few minutes und  .serve.  i Fried Chicken.���������A nice way to fry  young chicken i.s to cut it in pieces, wash  and wipe. it. dry, I hen dip each piece  into beaten egg, then in flour; .salt  arid popper each piece; drop into boiling  lard or butter. Hrown on both aides.  Kfir a tablcspoorifn) of flour into acuo  of nwcet milk, and add to the fat for  gravy.���������M". C. S.  A Favorite Potato Soup.���������A pound  and .a half of potatoes, one-half po,unri  leek.s, three, ounces crushed tapioca, one  ounce dripping, one pint mils.-1, pepper  and salt. Wa.sh and peel the potatoes,  trim and wash the leeks, slice thinly  pot aloes and leek.s, a nil put them in a  saucepan,     with   tho  dripping;'     whon  I,    Ado'rer���������Or.--.il-' S'-ott I  oniv daughter to di's  !)(/<������������������   he   ward  an old maid ?  Im-jro'/ia^HI-iMain erj  h''   i,|jr,|/-r.  }{ohbv--Auriti'".   |w.<-<  me   i  Auntie, ���������il*   .vliaf ',  Hobby���������ff   you   mm   reach  it.  The frog, owin^- tt, hi" p"culi,ir const rucf.ioi), cannot breathe with the  mouth open  Huburt, the great authority on potatoes, says that 10,000,000 tutors of thai  species can V* ra.is'ed frorn *������ single one  in four seasons. ���������   .  A gold dollar if ben I en unlil its nur-  fnc; wan e.nhirged .110,811 times f,-,.; nol ���������  ed above) would Iv-come a golden film  not. more, than the l-ri(ifi.020lli part, of  an inch in thickrie.s.s.  Tlie fzarcirlfcli'N Ways AreNnmbcred��������� Kns"  Hia, Austria. ������recce, Italy, Germany n������<l  Even England, AH ViinvinK Koyal In  vnlidK���������A Kcranrkatilc State or Affalri"  Europe's heirs apparent seem to be  in a very bad way. In at least  three of tho great powers the ��������� men  who stand next by right of succession  to .the throne itself are enfeebled, suffering from very present diseases, and  ono is on tho brink of the grave. In  several other nations the princes, next  in lino to the' crown are sickly, and  it is only by a careful suppression bf  tho real truth that distressing rumors aro not circulated about them. It  is truly, a most remarkable state of  affairs for the royal, families of Europe. ' ������  ��������� The most serious and tho most potent danger lies in tho Russian Empire. George, Grand Duke and Czarevitch, is now dying in a villa in a remote corner of the Caucasus of consumption, breathing painfully' with but  a single  lung.         ,'  In Austria the Archduke Ferdinand  Francis, heir presumptive, is'in a most  precarious state of health, he too being  a .victim of consumption.,' For years  past, ever since the death of "Rudolph,  Crown Prince, in 1889, tho hope of  Austria has centered- in this young  nephew of .Emperor" Francis-Joseph.  His father" is the. heir 'apparent, it Ls true, but Archduke Charles  Louis, next in" line to the throne, is  now an old man, having been born in  1833, older and with far less hope of  living, so feeble is he, than is tho Emperor  himself.  King Humbert of Italy does not find  In his only son and heir a 'man of' an  iron frame and a masterful will liko his.  Of an entirely different calibre is the  young Prince of Naples, a slight, delicate boy, yet in the early twenties, who  has so delivered 'himself over to the  obsequious flattery and the cajolements  of tho foreigners in Naples and' Rome  that he has weakened his frame liy dissipation, and'bids fair to have a very  short lease of life, indeed. His condition is even more serious tha������n is liintcd  at in tho Italian news of the day.  i It the remaining royal families arc  carefully investigated, a strange fact  may be noted���������that there is, with one  exception, ho heir to a throne in Europe  who is strong and lusty and gives  promise of a vigorous reign after the  present rulor passes 'away. The possible exception is Prince Royal Gusfavns  of Sweden, a young man of thirty-  seven years of age, thc son of King  Oscar ,11., who married Princess Victoria of Baden, a, granddaughter of  famous old William' I. of Germany, and  who has developed no vices and acquired, no maladies. This prince is an  energetic, athletic young man, has literary tastes, and, will in all likelihood  enjoy a  long  life. , '  For' years the King of thc Hellenes,  George I., 'has been the victim of a  disease of the kidneys, a hereditary  complaint, and he has unsuccessfully  visited' Aix-les-Bains for treatment.  There is little question that Prince Constantino, his eldest son, is in the incipient stages of the disease, though  there is nothing very marked or serious  as yet.  CROWN PRINCE OF.GERMANY.  The little Crown Prince William of  Germany, despite the military regime  his enthusiastic,father, William TI., has  made him.undergo, is wonderfully delicate. Though the oldest of that big family of boys that makes up the first household /of Germany, this thirtccn-ycar-  old has not nearly thc vital force, the  dash and thc audacity that his brother  next in ago, Eitel, possesses. Eitel is  his superior in general health, weight  and height, and the general impression  in Germany is that Eitel will be the  next Emperor.  It is noticeable among those who  have seen the boys playing together  that Eitel quite appreciates his greater  power of body: He is a splendid specimen of young German, tall, vigorous  and strong of arm and leg, while young  William is'almost weak and puny beside him, thin ant}, narrow chested ancl  easily tired.  Belgium is ruled over to-day by Leopold II., born in 1835, a still ��������� vigorous  middle-aged man. lie shows no sign  of breaking down, and is one of the  healthiest sovereigns of Europe. Prince  Philippe, Count of Flanders, his brother,  and two years younger, has for a score  of years lieen incurably deaf, and is the  most of tho time/ in wretched ' health.  Prince Philippe is heir to the throne,  from tho fact that Leopold II. has no  sons. ' .    ,  .So far as great Uritain i.s concerned,'  it has often been remarked that 'lf.R.  H. the Prince of Wales, can hardly bo,  regarded as a man of fine physique and  likely to live many .yearn longer. While  i here is no indication of any .special dis-  ������������������������������", Iho Prince isn man who Ikih lived  .so well and so actively Unit in middle  age his conHlitiil.inn i.s considerably im-  paiied.' Uu wool (Jhardly Ik; a fair risk  for a \Pcll-e,oiidu,'led insurance company,  (lis .son, Ihe Duke of York, has never  enliiel.v recovered fnnn the attack of  typhoid fever he hud .some, years ago,  (houpb he has always been' in better  physical conrlilion than hi.s brother, the  Duke of Cl.iM'nce and Avondale, over  was. Nor is I lie new baby, Queen Victoria'., greal-gianilsoii, a.s healthful u  fluid .i.s could Im wished. It, is generally  believed I hut he will not live to si'l,  upon    lhe   throne.  TIIK  OZAKKVITCH   SINKING.  Al .Vi'(mi villa Ii.-isIk'ch prepared for  (he young Czarevitch, but he will probably nol be. aide to undertake I he journey. Ife ifi at hi.s little countiy place al,  Al;l/!iH Tollman, in I lie Southern Cau-  rjwtlH. The lasl time tli'e Prince of Wales,  who thinks ,i good deal of hi.s IJiissiim  eoimiri, Haw him was in I he. Copenhagen  road.s ft little over a month ago, when  Ihe I v/ti royal yachls by chunw sU-uined  ao clnjc that .verbal signals were exchange,I. Then the, Czarevilch was  lying on a couch that had Ix-cn brought  up on deck, and wtut liftrdly able to  walk about. Since then he bus boen  .sinking' rapidly.  ft w"a.s on Sept. 2f! I hat George, heir  apparent, arrived in the Caucasus after  a trying mirnmoi'. Mis ill-health liegan  in IRfJI, tint\ his fill ore was furl her complicated hy a romantic enlungleinent.  The. lale Ki'npeior Alexander 111. was  deeply attached to the Mjcond .sou. Thc  stern ruler of the Russias loved this  boy more than he did his heir,' Nicholas, more than all else in the world.  The Czarevitch had a' terriblo fall  from the maintop of a ship to the deck  during the trip around the world of the  three princes (himself, the present Czar  and ' Prince George of Greece) in (he  summer of 1891. This fall seriously injured George's spine, and he had to" discontinue his trip and return home. Then  consumption, a malady now hereditary  in thefamily of the Romanoffs, set in.  In vain he sojourned in Athens and Algiers. Finally he settled down in the  Caucasus, where he has lived since the  close of 1892.  After the late Czar's death his condition grew rapidly worse. ��������� Late this  spring ne, expressed a strong desire to  see once more the Palace of Peterhof,  where he had been brought up. The  change of climate proved serious for  him^ especially as the Peterhof palace  at tha,t time had fallen into an unsanitary condition. Ho then was' taken  to 'Denmark to visit his grandfather,  King Christian. The climate of Denmark proved quite as dangerous for him  as the cold of Northern Russia, and  materially hastened his coming death.  AUSTRIA'S CONSUMPTIVE PRINCE.  While the Czarevitch is to-day the  foromest invalid in Europe, attention is  being directed'more and more, towards  Duke Francis < Ferdinand of Austria.  The story of tho Hapsburgs, the royal  house of this empire, has been unhappy,  for epilepsy has pursued the entire  family and seized many of its members. In 1888 every,one of ninety-eight  arohdukc and archduchesse of this  family had that dread disease in some  form or other.  That consumption should havo seized  Francis Ferdinand, who, since thc  death of Rudolph, has been the idol of  the Austrian people, is remarkable, for  his life has been a vigorous one. For  years' he has been an untiring officer in  the Austrian army, and noted for his  skill and endurance. 'He1 spends the  days sitting silently in a tent pitched  in a'little garden on the Bay of,Cigala.  His sole amusement is looking out upon  the sea, save on' the infrequent days  when he takes a short donkey ride. lie  will spend the winter in Egypt, and he  may never   return from   that country.  It seems to bo general debility that  is gradually sapping away the life of  young Victor, Emanuel, ' Prince of Naples. Of late ho has been cruising about  thc Levant in hopes of getting strength.  Though very_ young���������he was born -in  1809���������this prince has made himself a  distinguished person in Italy. His  --greatest popularity has been, not.  among his own'people, but in the foreign colonies of Naples and Rome,  where he' has cut a wide swath among  thc pleasure-loving higher class of, those  merry Italian cities., ��������� ,���������    '  POLAR NIGHT TERRORS-  ' , c  UArlinniH   I������ro!ouii<l anil   Cold   Inli-iipc in  Arnlltt ICf-uluim. ^  Constantin    Nossiioff,    reporting    in  "La Tour de Monde" his scientific researches in Nova Zcinbia, furnishes an  ini cresting description of his sensations  and experiences during the long arctic  night which began in November and  ended January 20. September was  pretty .comfortable, he says. Then  suddenly snow covered the mountains.  The Samoycdcs, his only,, companions,  put on their winter clothing, the fi.sh-'  ing'boats, set sail fort Archangel, the  ground froze, the sun lost'its warmth  and heavy snows fell. ' Winter had  come in earnest. ,On,the day when the  sun showed itself for the last time' all  hands went out. of doors to bid it farewell. It remained in sight for half,an  hour only. For a icw days longer there  was a morning twilight. , Then this  faded and gave * place to black night.  The stars shone the whole 2-1 hours.  The huts of tlio colony were buried  under thc snow, of which thick whirlwinds filled the air. The wind shook  the huts to their.- foundations. Sometimes for'days together tho inmates of  different huts .could hold no communication with each other, though the huts  were side by side. If any ono went out.  hc was seized by the wind and bad,to be  dragged  back  by   meatus of ropes.  ln this, darkness and desolation Iho  aurora borcaLis did much lo entertain  and cheer them, it lasted sometimes  for five days in succession, with splendors of color that Mr. Nossiioff (trics  in vain to describe. To enjoy tho spectacle he used to remain for hours in a  hole in thc snow, sheltered from thc  wind. ' ���������  " I have never 'heen anything more  terrible than a tempest during thc  polar night," says Air. Nossiioff. "Man'  feels himself overwhelmed in immensity." When there came a lull in the  storm the men ventured out to breathe  the air and purge their lungs of the exhalations ot the smoking lamps fad with  sea oil.  Twilight appeared again in the middle of "."January, and on the 20th the  sun rose above the horizon, while the  members'"of the little colony stood in  line facing if and fired a salute. No  one had died or been seriously ill, but  ull had thc look of corpses and were  as feeble a.s convalescents afler a long  sickness. Health returned with the  appearance of the mm.  TYPHOID FEVER.  K\-|)rrlii)t'iils   Hi  )������<-������<'itulii.' Ms 4'oiiiiiiiini  v.-iliMll.r  by I lie Krcilti.  Investigations on the subject,of transmitting typhoid fever have been made  by I)v. Licard, of Beziers. His plan of  experimenting was to have puticnlH  .suffering from this disease breathe  through lubes into waier that had first  been .sterilized. Specimens of water  thus treated were frequently found lo  yield the bacilli under cultivation. The  bacilli wo.m not always found, but  I hi.s i.s not a matter of surprise when  it i.s considered that the best bucleri-  ologi.sts frequently fail I" find them  under conditions strongly suggestive of  (heir presence.  Dr. I licard's rcsull.n were, however,  sufficiently uniform (o warr.'inl. im inference tiiat llie expired breath of  typhoid patients, like that from tho.se  having typhus, uiny .serve ns' a channel for'fever infection. Tho vast majority of typhoid infections have their  oiigi'n in a'conlaiiiinalod ,water supply,  but every observer has been puzzled  more or Jew by wises of the disease  which have arisen apart from any  known inculpation of the drinking  water. These (^'i.sc.s of obscure origin  may have originated from two ca.so.s  wii(.������-e bfieilltu' contact i.s atmospheric  ���������not. simply by means of the ��������� breath  of the .sick, hut al.so by emanations from  .sewers, cesspools and other receptacles  of typhoid dejections.  I,. W. Palmer, of London, England,  has one room of his bouse papered wilh  canceled one-penny slumps. It took  70,000  to complete the job.  ASHMTEE'S BOLBOTEt  A   PLACE   WHERE   HUMAN   SACRIFICES ARE BEING MADE.  TIm������ /.iiniiiK, drove or xkiillK���������Vlsllfd f>j  Slanlcy mid Oilier Travellers in (lie  l������rcvloii������ Kx|M-<lillon ������o ,������'tioum������������lc���������An  K\-|������cn-.lve hxpc.-llllon I'nriertulccu by  llie lirlliKh   GnVifriiitiritf.   ,  The King of Ashantee's, human  slaughter yard is now ' exciting talk  among the British soldiers who- expect  to form part of the expedition 'which  will be sent to subdue that dusky monarch. Many of the. soldiers now doing  duty' accompanied Sir Garnet, now, ,  Lord, Wolseley' when ho led an expedition inland from the coast and burned  Coomassie, the capital of Ashantee, ,  twenty-one years ago. -  This Grove of Skulls, as it has been  called,    Ls'thc place where most of tho  victims of tho King arc put to death.,;  Upon the, occasion' of thc death of Kin?  Koffee, the-King ofciAshantco whom Sir ,  (Jarncl  Wolseley thrashed, there were"  2,000 people killed in' this grove in   accordance with the' Ashantco ' superstition which demands that when members  of the royal family die their souls must  havc a large guard of honor.  '   Inthis Grove of Skulls tho ground'is '  of a dark brown color from the blood  which for generations has saturated it.  Tho   approach   to' the  grove. Ls   worn  broad   and smooth   by tho   feet of the  countless victims'brought thero to meet  their, death. ,  Prempeh, tho present King of Ashan-  tee; who has defied tho British Government, casting their ultimatum contemptuously aside and sending their  Commissioner back to tho Gold Coast  in a hurry, is alleged to be keeping up-  the human sacrifices upon a scale never  equalled by Koffee in his bloodiest moments.   Thousands of ,  ..   HELPLESS NEGROES    ���������  are believed to have been put to death  by this sanguinary monarch during the   -  past year merely to gratify a  passing  whim or to strengthen him in his power  ���������  through    the   fear   which   these widespread murders arouse among Jiis subjects. t t  Prempeh has, 3,333,, wives,, a golden  .stool in place of a throne, an umbrella  of state and an old plug.hat which he  wears instead of n, crown;' but' the  queerest'of all his possessions is' the  Grove of Skulls. He, keeps this placo  guarded day aud night and seems to  regard it with a superstitious reverence.  The vultures   whioh, fat and gorged  with   (human    flesh,    roost among  its ������  branches    or    flop    helplessly , on  -the '  ground, are held us sacred, and to touch  one of them would moan death.   For the  slightest of   offenses men are tortured  and    beheaded    in  this dreadful place.  The man v. h ) looks at one of thc King's'  3,333    wives   (they   occupy    two , whole  streets of Cooinassie)   is   at once taken '  out to the Grove of Skulls and killed.  Thc friends no less than the enemies  of the King arc bore beheaded, for it is  ono of his pleasing customs to suspect  his friends of getting up conspiracies,  against him, and he rids himself of '  them by a wave of his hand. ^ Some of  his wives hc has had beheaded, and not *  long ago he is alleged to havo chopped  off the heads of eighteen mothcrs-in-  Iaw. '- *  ln thc Grove of Skulls, where tho  light of the sun rarely penetrates, tho  ground Ls strewn with '  HUMAN BONES; ,   .  skulls are to be seen in countless thousands, in one place piled up eight or ten  feet, high, and human carca.ssos in all  stages of decomposition are numerous. '  The, stench of the place Ls .something  awful. ��������� ....  Henry il. Stanley, when ho visited  this place during the expedition to Cooinassie, in 1874,-says that he had to hold  a handkerchief to his- nose, and. could  only stay   there a few ininul.es.-,  " As we drew near," says Stanley in  his book about Cooinassie, "tho foul  smell became so/suffloating that wo  wore glad to produce our handkerchiefs  to prevent the intolerable and almost  palpable odor from mounting into the  brain and overpowering'us. After some  thirty paces we arrived before the  dreadful scene, but it was almost impossible to stop longer than to take a  general view of the great Golgotha. We  saw some thirty or forty decapitated  bodies in the last stages of corruption,  and countless skulls which lay piled in  heaps and scattered over a wide extent.  The stoutest heart and most stoical  mind might have  been appalled."  Officers of the British Army, who visited thi.st grove in numbers, described  the awful scene in letters to friends  and relatives at home, many of which  were printed. Several photographs wero  I aken of the place, showing King lv.of-  fee's victims lying on top of the countless bones of the 'victims of previous  kings. , ,  When the King of Ashanlee orders  official sacrifices, as many as 20,000 of  the ignorant and  BRUTAL SAVAGES  ��������� who form his subjects gather in the  grove to witness the ceremony. The vie- '  liias arc brought to the place with their  hands securely tied, and they arc made  dumb by two knives thrust crosswise  through "their cheeks.  Then these poor wretches are lor-  tured by being pinched, pricked with  swords iiiid fired upon at short range  with blank cartridges, the powder coloring the flesh and causing excruciating agony.     .  The executioners arc powerful brutes,  fantastically .clad. Thoy seize huge  swords, which they flourish in the air,  lopping off the heads of the victims-one  after another. Then they retire from  I.he scene, drenched with blood, Icavmj  lhe victims lying where they fell.  The vultures then swoop down from  (he trees above, the jackals and other  boasts emerge from the forest jung o,  and the night is made hideous by tho  snarling and fighting over the remains.  It was one of thc stipulations made by  Sir Garnet Wolseley at, this time I hat *  the King of Ashantee should ceaSc these  human .--aorifires. Koffno promised thnt  the useless putting to death of innocent  people, as well as the torturing of criminals, should come to' an end.  Although thc conquest of Ashanlee,  which the British now have.undertaken,  will be expensive, it',wi 11, doubtless bo  thorough, an'd when!the-troops pot to  Cooinassie again it would be a good idea  for them not only to burn that town but  to burn and destroy thc Grove of Skulls  as well.  ��������� ..-������������������ iji<   Prof. Draper says that -,b-, descendants of a single pair of wusjii* may be  numbered, as high as 20.OBA *Jf.- -vue uei)-  son.  ^mssB^msss^^Bs^msssssts^  SKEB-SHS^^  ESTJFKff  *JT(Vli- **  AN EXPERIENCE.  It"  h  fa  Of all the, hardened, obstinate unbe-  * llevcre as regarded anything approaching supernatural visitations our uncle  Bayle was surely the climax.   He would  . not ������ven admit that there might be  even the faintest truth in any of the  theories of spiritualists. It was of no  nso arguing:'.with him, for he always  finished up with what he no doubt  considered  as  final: , ,  " I tell you there are no such things  ts spirits; I clon't believe "in them and  never shall."  " But, uncle," I persisted, for, I had  1    been   reading some  wonderful, psycho^  'logical'literature, "you do not believe  . In them  localise, you have never hap1-  pened to havo any  experience of    the  kind���������"  " Oh, haven't I, though ?   I expect an  experience I once had would have been  enough  to  convince    you "a   hundred  times over, and your hair would   have  atood on end for the rest of your ..life."  "Oh, do tell us about'it I" I exclaimed, eager to have sohio fresh'proof to  fcdd  to  those  I had  already  collected.  " Well,"  began   my  uncle,' leisurely,'  ' and  looking very   solemn all at' once,  " it  was  about  forty  years  ago    that  thia happened,  so I' should  be    about,'  twenty then. It was In the autumn and  just, getting  dusk   and   I was   on   my  way home from Toulouse.   I was pretty tired, for I had been riding nearly'  ,   all day, ai^when I reached Auterrivo  aome friends I knew there wanted me  to break my journey  and put  up   at  their house for the night.   I did ,not*  accept their invitation, as I,wanted to  '   get as 'far  as  Saverdun. ' ,'  ��������� " Well, I went on through . the Se-  courien woods and had come out just  near tho Bolbourne monastery, when a'  terrible thunderstorm commenced. It  was ono of those fearful storms which  come on so suddenly without any warning whatever in tho neighborhood' of  our mountains. I should most certainly have, asked for shelter at the-monastery until it was over, but that my  horse, taking fright at the vivid flashes  of lightning, suddenly set'off at a full  gallop down a narrow pathway to, the  left "and Ln spite of all my efforts I  , could not stop him. '       '  ,,  " As we went tearing along I discovered that he was taking me _in the  ' direction of the- littlo village of Sainte  Gabeile.,, On, on , wo flew, until at  length, 'as the storm began -to abate,'  my horse slackened his������ pace and when  we came to tho little inn I was able to*  draw him up, for I wanted to'dismount  and', have some' refreshment.  "On entering the iron parlor I found  it was full,of travelers, who, like myself, was'surprised, by the storm*. Thero  w.ere'some Spaniards, some merchants,  and" a fair  number  of  sportsmen,  and  before we ' had  finished.   drying    our-  , rselves at the crackling wood fire sup-  , per was announced.   We all sat, down  - together at a long table and the conversation naturally fell on the fearful  6torm we, had just had.   One man had  * been thrown from his horse; another  had been an hour getting ��������� his cart  wheels out of a regular bog; every  one,had some adventure to relate, aud  we all abused the  weather heartily.  " It's beastly,' exclaimed  one. '  . , "'Yes- and with such wind, too,'  said another ; ' it's regular witches'  weather,, ���������   t  " There was nothing much in such  an expression,' but it gave rise to a  strange remark from another man,delivered in a still stranger and more  peculiar  tone.  "' Witches, and indeed all kinds of  supernatural  visitors,  prefer  a ,-peacC'  curious to see how the affair would end  and several other, men feeling the samej  curiosity  offered    to     make     up    the  amount.  " The Spaniard, looking as though he  felt no doubt as to tho result or the  extraordinary wager, handed over his  money to the young student. ' -  " The next thing was to proceed with  the experiment.. The landlord of the inn  suggested that it should take place in  a summer house at the end of the garden, where there would be no risk of  our  being  disturbed.'  " We examined every corner , of this  out-door building carefully, so that  there might be ��������� no ' trickery. It  was just a room with one window,  which was shut close, and a door. A  pencil and paper were placed on' the  table, the young man wont - in alone,  and then, shutting the door to, we all;  remained  outside.  " Wc were all in spite of any skepticism* we might feel, vory much interested, and there was ' perfect silence , as we waited to see what was  going to happen. Presently the Spaniard, who was at the door with us,  began to chant in a slow, melancholy  tone the following words:  '*' Willi a creaking noito iho coOln burste its  . lid. ,       - '  Tlie grave is open, too.   The stiect re cries;  "Tlio grave Ih opon, tho gravo Is open!"     ,  A erc.iUiiijt noiKe is heard, is licard ;  The coltln lid is bur-r iibiinder;  A phantom 11-Oh from il,. priiion houso   ' ,  And filep-out on iho cold, wet gru������������.'  1   "There was a dead-silence for a minute, and then the Spaniard said,  in a  loud, solemn voice, ' Xou wished to see  your friend, Francois Vialat, who was  drowned about three years ago I What  do you seo now V  '"I can sec a white, misty light  near the window," answered tho student ; ' it has no form, though, and  looks more like a cloud tb������an anything  else.' '  " Wo wero all stupefied with astonishment.  "' Has it alarmed you V asked thc  Spanaird. ' . > '  "'No, not at' all,'.replied tho student, without' a shade of fear or hesitation in his voice. , r  " We were holding our breath with  excitement. Thc Spaniard then stamped on the ground threetimes, and after  another minute's silence began to chant  again, this time more solemnly - and  slower than  before:  " 'Th'o white phantom movoB, the white phan-  ���������, toni moves, ,  And shakes tlio damp' from his hair.  And   (.hakes   the, damp   from  his ,clinging  ,    shroud.'  ''"Once more 'there was silence and  then the Spaniard, in a more solemn  voice,  asked: _    -  "' You, who havo thus wished to  know tho mysteries'of tho tomb, what  do you see?' . ' '  "Wo all. listened anxiously for the  student's answer. He spoke very deliberately, and it was evident that'_ he  was describing ,whal was just taking  place, phase after phase'-  ".'The vapor ���������is rising and getting  longer and longer���������it has now taken  the form ,of a pnahtom���������there Ls a veil  over the phantom's,- face���������it is standing there quite still just in the place  where it rose  from  tho  ground.'  "' Are you afraid of it ?' asked the  Spaniard  in   a' sarcastic   tone.       ,    #  ,'���������  "Tho young man's voice was 'quite  firm, as he replied, calmly:  " ' No, I am not afraid of it.' '   -.  " We scarcely dared move���������all of us,  ���������and we gazed in breathless amazement1 at. the Spaniard. He was now  waving his hands over hLs head ,in the  most frantic manner, and- afterward ho  called some s ��������� strange, weird-sounding  name' three times, and finished by  chanting Ln a much louder, voice than  before:       , ��������� ���������.    <>���������  " 'Tho phantom   said as   he'  rose   from  his  grave  " I will appoar.before my friend.  And ho will know me, he will know me ;  Ho,will recognizo his fi-iend."  ���������  " There  was  silence' again,   and  the  Spaniard , asked  once  more :  " ' What do you see now ?'  "'The ' phantom 'is moving���������coming  nearer���������he has lifted his veil. ��������� , ��������� "  It is Francois Vialat���������nearer and nearer'hc comes���������he is at the table���������he is  writing something���������he has written his  name���������'  1 " ' Aro you. afraid yet ?'    asked   the  Spaniard,  and   there   was 'an    cxpres-  ful moonlight night to such boisterous  sion   o[   angcr   in   hLs voicc    Another  weather as  this  " We all looked in astonishment at  the man' who spoke. Ho was a Span-  Lard, a regular gypsy-looking fellow,  strong, swarthy, with black hair and  eyes, gold rings in his ears, and he  was dressed in 'a rough suit, leathern  gaiters and a red cloaTk. Ho had spoken with such conviction that every ono  ��������� 'was taken aback and there was silence  for a minute, until a young man who  was sitting next me and who had a  very frank, honest expression, burst  out laughing and exclaimed:  ,  " 'Well,   that's  good I   Do  you  mean  to say,   though,   that    they   have   told  you about their habits and tastes���������and  'v    is it really a fact  that  they object to  getting  wet and  muddy ?���������'  " He   had   not   quite   finished' speaking when the Spaniard turned on him  -   fiercely,  saying:  "' Young  man,  I  advise  you  not to  Bpeak so lightly about things of which  '   you  know nothing.' ���������  "'Do you mean*to say that you want  mc to believe in spirits and���������*  "' I might if I thought you had enough courage to evcn'^look at them,  supposing -they should appear to you���������'.  ��������� " Thc young man' sprang from his  chair, furious and "crimson with indignation, then, suddenly, mastering his  angcr,  he said sarcastically:  "'You would have paid for insulting mc in that way if it had not all  been   fools'  nonsense,  " ' Fools' nonsense I' exclaimed the  Spaniard, jumping up and striking the  table with his clenched fist. ' Cook,  hero,' and ho threw a ' thick leathern  . money bag onto the table. ' There are  thirty quadruples there, and I will,risk  loosing them if, within an hour from  now, I do not lot you sec tho face of  any of your friends, oven if they have  been dead for ten years, and if, after  recognizing them,, you dare touch them  or let them touch you���������why, thc money's yours.' The Spaniard looked so  terrible as ' ho uttered these words,  that, in spite of ourselves, wo all felt  awed. Thc young man, however, still  kept up his mocking air as hc answered :  "'Ah, you think you could do that,  do you ?'  "'Yes, I do,' said the Spaniard, 'and.  I will bet this bag of money on it, but  you  must  bet  the  same  amount,  and  ' if 1 do.as 1 say I shall win it.'  " The" young man was silent for a.  moment, ancl then hc said, still in the  same  nlocking   lone:  " ' Thirty quadruples is a big sum'  for a noor devil of a student to possess. ' haven't the amount, but, If  you like lo bet' five, why, here's my  money.  '  'The Spaniard picked his leathern  bag up and put it silently back in his''  pocket.  "'So you want to back out, do you?'"  be  said,  scornfully.  " ' Baciv.- out I   No.   indeed,   I don't.  If  I owned   the  thirty  quadruples    you'd  Boon .see whether I wouldn't ii.sk tliem.'  "'Wdii.   I'ii   fi,,.!   you   four,'   I    said,"'  terrible silence and then the ' student  replied, in a voice which this time was  just as loud but scarcely as firm as before :  " ' No; I am not at all afraid  "This time .the Spaniard almost  yelled as hc waved his hand about in  the air, and then, suddenly dropping  his voice,  he chanted very slowly:  ,' ' Thophantom Knid to ihe youiiij man  "Comooloser, come closer, my friend;  Give 1110 your hand and put your iiiigeru so  'warm,  Into my cold, clammy ones��������� '   -  '1 want, to touch you, my friend, my friend." '  "' What  do  you  see   now V  stormed  tho Spaniard in  a voice   of thunder.  " ' lie is coining closer���������closer���������ah! he  is pursuing me���������his arms are stretched  out���������horror 1���������horror I horror 1���������he will  reach���������help, help 1���������open the door I'  > "'Arc you afraidV cried thc Span-  Lard, with ferocious excitement, holding the handle of  the door.  ," A piercing scream was tho only  reply,, followed by a fearful groan.  " ' You'd better go to him now,' said  thc Spaniard, bitterly sarcastic. ' It  seems to me I have won the bet,' but  let him keep the money, for 1 have given him a lesson., He can keep the  money, but you'd better advise hiui to  be wiser in tho future and not to mock  at subjects  so  serious.'   .  " He strode off abruptly, leaving us  all stunned, as it were, with astonishment. We opened the door of the summer'house and there, unconscious and  lying on thc floor, wc found the young  student. He soon came to himself as  wo struck a light and lifted him on  to a bench.  " On the table was the name ' Fran'  cois Vialat' scrawled across it. As soon  as ever the student began to realize  all that had happened hc vowed that  he would kill tlie wretched man who  made him go through such horrible  torture. He rushed back to thc inn  in search of. him, and, on being told  that the Spaniard had already left, he  star ted;/off 7 at a frantic rate in pursuit of him." 7, ;'"'���������'������������������ 7. 7  v "And do you mean to say," I ex-,  claimed, my hair standing on end with  horror, so tragically had Uncle Bayle  related his terrible experience���������'' do  you mean to say that after such, proof  as that, you can absolutely refuse ���������to  believe that there is anything7 in what  the' spiritualists tell us V   ������������������,.        ���������  "Yes I do;, and for. a very good  reason���������neither the Spaniard, nor the  young student put in an . appearance  again. 'And we had been fools enough  ���������to lend the money for the bet I Nicely  they must have , laughed up their  sleeves at the way we'd boen taken  in with their little game." Pretty.simpletons we had made ourselves. No;  I tell you there are no such things qs  spirits. I don't believe in them, and  never shall."���������Translated from the  French of F.-Soulie  :   THE FARM.   .���������  1 1 . '  Winter Stable Management of Cows  Arrange the stable with convenience  in feeding and - care of the stock as  the central idea, writes Chas. L. Hill-  Visit the best dairy barns and utilize  all #their good points. A stable . having  two thicknesses of boards', with tar paper between Ls dryer and warmer than  a stone basement. A rectangular barn,  with two long rows of cows facing each  other, is the most desirable.' Have; sufficient room for driving on the feeding  floor and also behind each row of animals, for removing the manure. Make  the' building larger than is needed, or  plan so that additional room1 can be  easily provided. , By all means have a  silo'1 conveniently situated.' Put in  plenty of. windows. Tho south side  of our barn is largely glass. Tlie stable  must, be tightly made so that when the  temperature is 30, degrees below zero  very little freezing occurs on the in-  ,side. Don't, however, keep it so warm  that it will fairly, steam when the  doors are opened. For keeping the, air  pure, box ventilators reaching from  near the floor to the roof, are excellent.  They can be made by boarding up between the silo studs down to within,a  foot or two of the floor. <Choose  some kind of. a fastener that,,will keep  the cows clean! The stanchion is most  generally used, and will answer in most  cases. Arrango the floor 4 to 5 feet  in length as there will be that much  difference Ln length between the smallest heLfer and the aged cow. Let the  gutter be IG Ln. wide and C in. deep.  If possible have the walk behind the  gutter, wide enough to allow a wagon  or sled to be drawn over it. Make the  manger 24 in. wide and the feeding floor  6 in. above it' The ceiling should be  0 1-2 or, 7 feet high.  Among    the    necessary    implements  about a cow stable Ls 'the r-broom.   Get  two,  one  for sweeping   the  feed  floor  and the other to clean the walk, behind  the gutter.     Keep the floor clean, and  occasionally go over'the ,walls and ceiling to remove dust' and cobwebs. .Use  plenty  of straw for  bedding. -If  it  is  cut, so much the better, as it is  then  superior as an absorbent.,    Be sure thc  gutter is water tight, and use road dust,  sifted coal ashes, sawdust or land plaster, to absorb the liquid the straw does  not take up.     Plaster Ls also first class  for keeping down bad odors.   Sprinkle  a'few pounds in the tedding before each  milking   and  note  tho  effect.   It  will  also enhance the value of the manure.  Have regular hours for  feeding -and  milking   and   rigidly   adhere   to   them.  Plan your work so the cows can be left  to their dreams a part of the time:   Be  kind to them ; do nothing that will excite them, for it will always result, in  a loss of milk.   Salt every day, or better still, have salt whore they, can have  constant   access   to, it.'^Our  cattle  are  out of the barn a short time each 0 day.  They go about 60 rods and get water  from a  spring  and I  have seen ,no  ill  effects   from   it.     .However,   they   are  not out long���������not over 30 or 40 minutes  on .stormy  days.      Yearlings and dry  cows   . aro   given  more    exercise.    r Of  course this takes a little more feed, but  it pays.    ''Exercise ���������the'-'bull in a tread,  power.    - ,   ;  of November take them up and bury  them in trenches, the same as is done  with the heads for seed purposes; plow  out a double furrow six inohea deep,  by''running the plow both ways. hi  this the plants are sot closely together,  roots down, then a furrow is turned  over them from both sides, covering the  plants to the depth of a foot, so that  the_frost is almost wholly excluded.  While a few degrees of frost is not injurious, extreme freezing would be, so  that the covering would be sufficient  to, prevent it. At the same time, the  ground should not be so warm as to  stimulate active growth, which is injurious. ' To prevent this tho trench  should be ventilated by putting a small  bundle of straw LnC'the center of it  before,covering, so that thc warm moist  air from below may escape. ��������� In this  trench the plants will make a slow  growth the entire winter, and when  taken out in spring and transferred to  the field will make a rapid growth,  perfecting the heads in two weeks less  time than those from hotbeds' or oold  frames. ,  CHE MISSED, THE FIRE.  The CIHIiI <.'<������ul������l   s������,i   Un<lrr,(aii(l Wliy lie'  It'll!  Vol   AvrnEicii.  About the coffin in which rested tho,  body of the fireman sat a silent group  of mourners. No one had spoken, and  the widow was resting her head on her  father's shoulder, when the door opened,  says a New' York paper.  A little child, the,four-3'ear-old daughter of the dead man, ran cheerily in.  She had on her flowing white night  dress.J She climbed a chair and looked  at her father lying pallid and still.  '"What's the matter with papal!*'  she cried. ,  "Sh-h-hl" they said,'softly. "Heis  asleep, darling. , ,  "Why does he lie in that ugly old  box %" .������  "He can sleep better there, little one.  Don't disturb him. Now, go back to  bed, like a good little girl."      ,;  The'child moved away slowly. '  " Good-night, papa," she said, in a low  voice, and soon was tucked away again.  The silence of tho night was suddenly  startled' by the" harsh clangor of the  gong in the fire house, just a few doors  aw^y^-as it sounded the alarm. .  lhe thrilling call was ringing the  second time when the fireman's daughter flew into the room again. ��������� Again  she climbed upon the'xhair and shook  her father's body'by the shoulder.  "Wake up, quick, papa K' she "said.  "There's a Ore."   ' '  Still  he  did  not move nor open  his  eyes.   The strange look of those  about  the bier frightened-her. .  >-"Oh, papa, , do wake up.     Can't you  hear  the  bell?   You'll  miss  the  fire."  The  baby  looked around  in, wonder.1  Then she tried her parting shot, which  she  was  sure would bring  her  father  quickly to his feet.  "You'll miss the fire," she exclaimed.  "Then  you'll  be fined." 1  Even then he did not move. Puzzled  and worried the child turned around. -���������       ,       . ,       , ,   ,       ���������*  /.'Papa will not go to the ' fire to- ' mofe ������l l^s :accura<-c knowledge of  night," said her mother, in a tear-stain- I eac,h ot������T-s whereabouts, ,'lho weaker  ed voice ' or ieas faring commander will probably  , Then the widowed' mother burst into n(T* lo0^ for an,d obtaAn a, ?osLfc>n  tears. ��������� Repeating that she couldn't !'w������?,ro J?e ������?? act -?,n thf������- d������fenalve'  under stand, the child was quietly car- ���������. ivhlle \h% otl^ will cautiously .move  ried back to bed to cry herself Lleep ' g^nt ^ 0fcde^nT/rfare������  fa ' * that an attack on tho front of an army  BATTLE OF THE FtPTURE  WHAT WILL HAPPEN  WHEN   TWO  MODEkN ARMIES  LINE UP.  There TTnll Be No .11 ore C'nvalry CJiarRefi���������  ���������Tlie 0[,i>o������fiiK Artillery Will First  Fislit, ami Thru lh,- Infantry If 111 CIo*������  in  Wlih Kan id Fire ������;im������.  0  That smokeless powder and improved  firearms have almost entirely revolutionized the art of war is an everyday  saying. Napoleon would be astounded  were he to return to earth and see with  what strides ��������� the science of war has advanced during his, absence. No more  could his heavy, battle columns be successfully launched; no more could Mu-  rat, his magnificent pavalry leader, ride  over an army with hLs daring horsemen.  Ln place of tho grand and picturesque  bayonet charge wc have thin skirmish  lines, seeking 'to crush the enemy with  their fire alone, and' modern cavalry  will probably never again charge on the  battlefield.  To begin with, it is assumed by military authorities at present that the  occupation' of ' territory " by a hostile  army will be such a crushing burden  that wc must prevent it at all hazards.  The first and, perhaps, the decisive battle of the war will therefore take_ place  as soon and as near the frontier as  .possible. Where this frontier, as in  most European countries, is merely a  line ou the map, and,,is not a natural  obstacle, the commander-in-chief will  probably set his forces in motion for  it as soon after tho declaration of war  as is possible.  His army will be preceded by  great  CLOUDS OF CAVALRY,  pushed forward both to reconnoitre and  to hold back the advanced bodies of tho  enemy., In'addition to this, his'screen  of cavalry will serve to conceal tho  movements of his main bodyt from thc  enemy. Skirmishes between' the advanced cavalry of the two armies will  be of frequent occurrence. At last  one of the commanders, not wishing to  advance further without accurate information, and prevented from obtaining this'by the enemy's cavalry screen,  will make arrangements for breaking  through this screen. Concentrating his  own cavalry, he will'launch it at some  weak point in the enemy's mounted advance guard.  r' If the attack is kept secret it probably  will succeed with case; if the enemy is  warned in time, he, too, will concentrate, and a great cavalry' battle will result. The victor in the engagement  will succeed in obtaining all the information, ho'desires, while , tho defeated  cavalry will fall back 'on their main  body of infantry. Thus will end tho  first phase of a modern war  The    two commanders  now " havc a  Selection of Apples for Planting.  In the selection of varieties of apples  for planting a commercial orchard, the  wants of the market where the fruit  is to be sold requires consideration. ^ In  localities near to large towns where  usually a quick and steady market! can  be. found for summer and auLumn apples, early varieties will be found most -  profitable,for the reason that early varieties come into bearing young; are more  productive, and are ��������� handled with less  trouble and expense. Early sorts are  quickly perishable and cannot be- held  over for future sales as readily as winter varieties, in case of a glut in (tho  market.  Few varieties of apples have   a'wide  general    adaptation'  for ���������   commercial  planting.     The intending planter of an  orchard can do no better than consult  his  neighbors   who  are  practical  fruit  growers   and   find  out   what   varieties  succeed best and pay the most dollars  with1 them.   Sometimes a variety with  only a   local     reputation,   known   only  within a   limited    range  of    territory,  succeeds  far  better within   its - range  than any of the standard sorts.    Where  such   varieties    have been  well  tested  and can'"be obtained, plant a fair proportion of them.   As a rule,  it is  better   to   purchase  nursery   stock   propo-  gated as near as possible (other conditions , being equal)  to  the, place where  it' is  to be finally planted.   It    sometimes  requires a  number  of  years  for  young trees to recover, if they ever do  fully,  from 'abrupt changes  in climate  and soil.      If trees are to be procured  from a    distance   it   is   better  to   buy  those grown   farthest to  the  north' in  preference to those grown to thc south.  Buy   nursery   stock  direct   from   the  grower when possible, as there is less  likelihood of getting varities not true  to name.   Varieties sometimes get unaccountably mixed and mistakes often  occur  with  the most carefuL nurserymen.      When stock passes through the  hands of one or more dealers who generally know  little and care less about  names, the danger is still greater.   Insist on receiving the varieties ordered  and do not let the nurseryman substitute  some  other    variety;  ' equally  aa  good' that you know nothing about, for  nine times out of ten it will be   a sort  that  nobody   cares   to  know  anything  Shopping Bag*.  in position, unless with immensely preponderating numbers, is bound to result in a disastrous repulse'.-* The at-  Cut two pieces of black satin or heavy tacking commander will, therefore, seek  black silk, each piece fourteen inches to extend his line ,in one or both diking. Line'these pieces with' black sa-", rectkms and,envelopl>thoi flanks of tho  teen.   Cut them  rounded at each  end 1        ,    " -cVrrrn-v mj\i  and shape in narrower at the top.   Cut 1   , .. '     ..,, .,, u   u        11. *   v.   .4.   .,      *i . ,.     .,,     '*   ..       : of his artillery will be brought to bear  it the, shape1 given in the. illustration. 1 llpon the guns of tho defense, and until  Sew the two pieces of satin ��������� together, the concentrated artillery'firo succeeds  then sew the lining and put it inside'of 'in silencing and crushing the defender's  the satLn. On one piece of the satin artillery, the attackers will not inovo  work a bunch of flowers with jet beads, forward with his infantry, for a rifled  The trimming around tho edge "of tho ffun will now carry over live miles; its  bag is black lace dotted with jet beads, h��������� becomes decisive at 3,500 yards, and  At the top turn down a hem 1 1-2 inch- murderous at 2.0J0 yards, so that an m-  es deep and through this run a drawing fantry attack would.be doomed to dis-  string, with a bow at the top, to   hang   ^���������"���������������*" at, V"* outset unless the artillery  -   ���������    , of the defense were first silenced.  At last the incessant pounding of tho  guns has" done its work���������tho opposing  artillery has been silenced, and the artillery of the attack can rest for a  time. Now ��������� comes the chance for the  infantry. Spread out" into three thin  lines���������firing line, supports and reserves  ���������thoy move forward. The firing line,  in open order, moves a quarter or a  half mile in.front of the supports, a  like or greater interval separating these  from the reserves, who may be in slightly denser order. '.',  "The defense has probably improvised  some way of hastily intrenching itself;  all that we soe is a little ridge ot earth  stretching along in front of us, and all  we know is that somewhere behind that  ridge lies * the enemy. We cannot see  them, for they arc sheltered by' tho  ..trenches; wo cannot even seo their po  sition when , they firo, for smokeless  powder does not betray its user. _ A  thousand yards away, and thc firing  line Ls losing heavily ; the supports are  closing up on'it,'and at half a mile the  The  ribbon  is  satin1 one   supports have melted into    tho   firing  Tho  advance   is  being   made    by  S0KR0W SENT TO SEA.  A Mensnse Wlifch 1: roils lit Tear* I* u S lord J  t'.i plain's   Eye.  Men of the sea'^are proverbially of  big heart���������thc gentlest, best, most devoted, fondly loving husbanto <" and  fathers in the world.' The constant possibility of never seeing the beloved  ones again in this world, the long absences from  home,   explain  thia.  There was a pathetic accident oa  board thc steamship Aransas when'  she 'reached Port Eads on her present ' trip. People by the hundreds Ln  New Orleans know her stalwart, sturdy, big-hearted iriaster. Captain W.  Hopner.  ' When tho. pilot came on board thu  vessel at Port Eads he approached  the Captain and; handed him a letter.  " Captain, don't be in a hurry io  open it," said tho sympathetic pilot. <���������  "I believe it has bad news. Prepare-  yourself sorter for ,it before opening  it." ' , ' ,  But the Captain did no su'ch thing.  ITe tore the, letter open with suoh  eagerness as if'his life depended on it.  And hc read the mLssive in hus wife'i  handwriting and stood and stared as  though a thunderbolt had struck him.  HLs little daughter, Wilhelraine, waj  dead���������and ' buried���������in ' his , absenc*.  Never again would he look into h������r  eyes in this' mortal life, and hc had  bold her lovingly in hLs arms twi  hours before he set -out' on hLs good  ship. The bright, intelligent, sweat  little four-year-old..tot, who had been  thc beloved and admired little pet of  all the neighbors, who uused, as young  jus she was, to look so joyously and expectantly for his return, of seeing who������  again was one on'the stanch Captain's,  sweetest thought's on nearing home ���������  she had been taken, away within two  days after, his departure,'and all th������  while he was ignorant of this. terribl*  calamity. It is a big passion whici*. '  can gather tears into the eyes of a  strong. man, such as tlio sturdy Sea  Captain, but when he told.the report- ���������  er friend of the grief which dimmed  tho stars for him and paid tho littlo  mile a simple, tender tribute, thoy  glistened there .perceptibly. He could  no', master them quite.    %  Tho captain has but one child left of,  8 years. Once before he was about to  set out on a. voyage, at a time when  his two young'sons wore slightly ill.  " Do you know, 1 had a presentiment  that something was going to happen,  and I said I'll bo" hanged if I'll ttoA  Well. sir. they both died within the  fortnight'." He left his,,' little 9W  well, with the exception of a slight  cold.    Within two days she was dead.  COLLIDED   WITH A SHARK.  A Monster of llio l>i-������i> Uvetl Wcjirly t*nt Is  Two.        ,  "A curious thing," writes ca-corren- b  pondent, "occurred on the last homeward voyage from Australia of the, P. ���������  and O. Royal Mail steamer Himalaya,  .'7"tien' tho ship while steaming up the  Red Sea ran into .and killed an enormous shark. Tho sea waa dead calm  at tho time, and tho brute must have  been basking in tho sun upon tho surface, as thoy often do, whon the ship  struck it. Though under easy steam '���������  she was then running quite 10 land  miles an hour, and anyone acquainted  with i he huge, proportions of a vgrcat  ocean liner will understand the force  and impetus with which the sharp stem  must have bcen.-driven into its budy.  "It was not quite cut in two, however,,  and was carried pome - distance before ,  tho engines were topped and reversed  to enable the ship to'get clear, when it  turned over and sunk, apparently dead;  but some time after being struok in was  alive, and lashing furiously with its  tail. I am not sure to what size these  monsters actually grow, but this one  must have measured at least 25 feet in  length, and its head must have been  at the broadest part, six feet at least.  It is also interesting to speculate how ,  upon tho theory that a fish never *sleeps,  this one allowed itself to bo run into,  especially as these incidents seemiby no  means rare."  on  the  arm  inch wide.   The pattern on the side of   line"  the bag may be worked with steel beads, j rushes,of twenty or thirty yards. Every  and instead of lace around the edge you  can make a fringe of'either jet or steel  beads to match the one on side. A black  velvet bag with a pattern and fringe  of jet Ls very pretty. \  Millions to a Poop Girl.  The 25-ycar-old daughter of William  Kelly, a poor gardener, of Philadelphia,  will soon inherit a fortune of $15,000,-  000.   The legacy comes from the estate   defense slackens perceptibly.   One rush,  ,     . j     1        1     r������ j      *r ,, ,       and   the    attacking    line is over    the  trifling depression  or elevation  in  the  ground is  USRD AS COVER.  At three hundred yards thc advance-  is checked for awhile���������the fire of the  defense has become too hot. Tho commander fills up thc gaps with thc reserves. The line creeps forward again.  Now the men are firing tho bpare  cartridges iu the magazines. A few seconds of this work, and tho fire of 'the  about.  Wintering Cabbage Plants.  -\ The raven.-is thc only bird, found native 111 every country .in the world.  Although the cold, frame for.wintering ���������- cabbage7 and, cauliflower plants "is  still in use by .many farmers and gardeners, it Ls by no means the best and  most economical means for the purpose.-  Some varieties of cabbage���������Early Suih-  mer particularly���������cannot 'bo' successfully wintered Ln a cold frame. ��������������������������� They  will rarely make good heads if the  plants are wintered in a cold frame, as  they very commonly run up to seed,  having 'received a check which is equivalent to���������a season's growth. The, hotbed, started March 1, ia found to be  the better place to raise plants for dn  early crop.' But an improvement over  this plan even, and1 particularly for the.  Wakefield variety, is to raise the plants  in the open field and about the middle  of a long,dead uncle, Peter Kelly, who,  when the Australian gold craze broke  out, went to that land to make his fortune. Nothing was heard of him until  nearly a quarter of a century ago,when  his mother received word that ho would  soon return , home a millionaire. Hc  did not come, however. Inquiry was  begun and thc son's story of his millions ,was ' verified, part ��������� of tho money  being in Australian oanks. The family  received the interest oh the fortune,,  which ,was valued at #15,000.000. Some  time ago William Kelly learned vof tlio  existence of a will in which all of the  estate, was bequeathed to his eldest  child; Elizabeth. , At first he made no  effort to secure, it. 'Two years ago,  however/he engaged an' attorney, and  it' is declared tho .enormous ; legacy  will be placed at the disposal of the -girl  this week.  . 7 7 ' 7,v     -,. ��������� . a-  ,   u     All Can Appreciate This.  What is more exasperating than to  forget a good thing just as you're on  the point of saying'it, and then go groping around for it in the dark, with the  tail just tickling tho fringe of your .recollection���������and never get iti,  The first appearance of peanuts In  the market was whon a consiirnment  of  10 bags was sent from Virginia to  New York in 1794,   Over 2,000,000 bush-,    . .    .  els are now sold annually in the United   game was known to the Chinese in the  States market. year 174 I3.C,  trenches.    The defenders, what are left  of them, retreat, firing.  lint thc buttle i.s not yet over. Thc  commander of the defense has hold back  a re-serve for just such a crisis as this,  and a counter attack i.s threatened. The  men full to in trench ing tho.in.selvcs in  their hard-won position. Fresh troops  are hurried up to help them hold it  against the con-ntor attack, and the day  i.s won. Now the victorious commander  gives thc leader of his cavalry full  swing. On every road, in rear of the  retreating enemy, he pushes the cavalry  and iior.se arl.il lory, cutting off t he stragglers, preventing tho defeated troops  froiu making another stand, turning  the retreat into a route. At last, under thc guns of a fortified town, the  defeated troops obtain a respite.  Such, in the opinion of experts like  Wolseley and Clcry, will bo thc battle  of thc future.  How It Happened-  Some folks have more money dan dcy  knows whut tor do wit, remarked Plodding Pete, thoughtfully.  Yes, replied Meandering Mike; I wus  dat way once.  Git away 1  Sure. 1 oncet had 25 cents by me  and discovered I wus in a prohibition  town.  Authorities on chess declare that (he  Came Near Getting Them.  Thc enormous gold yield of thp Transvaal mines this year makes it interesting to recall an-incident in tho history  of thc big Boer rcpublio that scorns to  have passed quite out of mind.   About  twenty-five years ago, at. a time when  the treasure box' of tho Transvaal Bo- ,  public was nearly empty, a'responsible "  English syndicate thought it would bo ,  a good stroke of business to buy all tho  mineral resources of the country.   The  syndicate, headed by Sir J. Swinburne,  offered     thc    Transvaal     Government '  ������800,000    cash   for the    entire mineral  rights in the republic's territory; and   '  these Englishmen came very' near getting them,  too,   for only one  member   ���������  of the Government was opposed to the  sale.   This hard-headed Dutchman stood  out against it,   and finally carried   bis  point.' Think    of  it.      Wight ��������� hundred  thousand dollars for all the gold in tho  Transvaal,    where the    Witwatersrand  alone has  yielded this  year about Sl,-  000.000 a month,  according to the statistics that are .complete up to September 11    Tt  is believed  that  the  Transvaal gold product this year will be about  ������50,000,000.  O  The NewNut-Locklnsr Method.  A very ingenious method of locking  nuts has come into practice in England. It consists essentially of 11 double  washer. There Ls first a stout washer  of the usul thickness which fits down  on the nut .seat and is provided with a  couple of protrusions on its lower surface, intended to fit into corresponding  nicies on the seat. This wa������lier, therefore can not turn around once the nut  is screwed home. The nut itself is prevented from turning by a second wash--  or of thin metal above the first, attached to it at thc renter bul free at  the edges. When the nut, is screwed  down the edge -of* thus thin, washer is  turned up against one of the faces of  the nut, and thu^prevenls its unscrewing. The nut can"be taken oft at any  time by. turning, down the bent-up  edge of thc top washer.  London doctors protest against "lodgp  doctoring."  Thc common house flea la covered  with hard, overlapping plates, something after the plan of fisli scales. Bach  of those plates it. set with ���������* row of  bristly  spikes.  Vl .. I  PAGE 4.  THE KOOTENAY MAIL.  'iijj' jfc^y^enatf'1^'^-* ���������**���������*  ,    Chandlers Free Coinage Bill.  In the U.S. SiMi-ttf, o������i Thursday,  Senator Cliiuidlcr. (Rep. N.Y.), intro-  (liii-cd a bill for the unlimited coinage  of i,'iiM and silver at a ratio of 1 to ISA.  ,iu connection with other nations.  After providing for the coining of  bullion anil issuing of 'silver and gold  certifii-;ito-, the third section of the bill  provides tli.-it the law i-h-ill take effect  and become operative when similar  laws ahull hnve been adopted by the  Governments of .England, France and  Germany, " which laws shall in  mihst.-nice provide for the purchase of  gold and silver bullion wit liout ,limit,  and shall make legal Lender the gold  .-md pi i iici pal silver coins und certificate-, representing them, the ������ ratio  between gold and silverto be I lie same,  ���������provided for in this act, .-md when such  laws have been passed by the Governments aforesaid. The President shall'  make proclamation accoulingly und  tlie law shall then Uke effect and ' be  in force."  Senator "Mills' Scheme.  On the same' dav, Senator .Mills  (Disni. Texiih), introduced a bill direct-'  ingi'the Secretary <>f* the Treasury to  have all the, silver in the ^treasury  coined into .subsidiary* coin and providing when the levenues of the government shall be sutlii-ient to meet its  eiiriout, expenses the secretary shall  issue non-interest hearing legal tender  ��������� ti-easury'iiotes in amounts sufficient, to  cover the deficiency and pay, out the  same in the current expenditures of  the.-,government, and also, that when  the gold,reserve in the treasury shall  he in excess of $HK),(XX),()00 find legal  tender notes are , presented L for redemption in coin, they shall be. redeein-  ' ed in eitlier gold or silver coin at the  discretion of Ihe Secretary. The hill  also provides that, when the reserve  shall fall below .���������ji 100.000,000 the Secretary shall redeem the notes. It closes  with a declaration for the maintenance  of the purity of tho two metals and a  provision' for 'the repeal of all laws  anl homing the issuance of interest-  hearing bonds. ���������    .-  Thanksgiving" Concert.  There was not a vacant, seat at the  Methodist church Monday even'ng' on  the occasion of the Thanksgiving  concert." The programme w.i-> well  rendered and was evidently appreciated  by the large audience. The Chairman,  Rev. J. A. Wood, took advantage of  the opportunity to make un aniiomii-e-  ineiil. regarding the finances of the  church and thanked the i-oiili-ilmtoi-s  to the thanks-offering which, with the  proceeds of Ihe concert, amounted to  almost, $200 aiid' would materially  assist, ie reducing the debt' on' the  church. The ladies of thecongregation  had provided a plenitude of rei're-h-  ments wi(lh wliich the audience was  regaled at the conclusion ot" Ihe  concert. .1. V. Ahlin ofliciiiled al  organ while .1. Crowle wielded  baton in (lie concerted numbers.  J. R. HULL & CO.  Wholesale  butc:  and!,, Retail  Purveyors of High-class Meats.  REVELSTOKE, B.C.   ,  All orders in our line will be. promptly  attended to.    ,   < ,  the  th.'  Local and Personal Briefs.  ' A mascpieradef"h.-ill is hilled for the  27ih inst. at Bourne's Hall.  ,  Acme skat.'Sjn all.sizes and quantities at Coursier's.  To-day's express from the east had  three carloads of Chinaineii bound for  the Flowery Kingdom. ,   ������  Al. McKay, <>f Hoiirne liros., is recuperating on a shooting excursion in  the vicinity of Vernon.  II.      McCiitcheon, '    arrived  Paragraphs of General Interest.  The Provincial Legislature \v",\\ open  its next session on Thursday, .j.in. 23i������l.  We have 'just received new price-  lists from Jiis. Ali-AHHan Sc Co.', Iiic,  200-212 First Ave. North,' Minneapolis,  Alinn., the largest hide and I'm* dealer.--  in the Northwest-, .and they can l.e,  obtained at, this office at-any time.  Their advertisement appears regularly  iu the Mail.    - .  It seems lo be almost a foregone conclusion that one or more large smelters  will he built'/in Wool, Kooteday next  year, as reduction" works are an  admitted necessity near the large  mines. It is also certain that great  progress in development will be made  all through that rich country���������pro-  g'iess that will startle even the natives.  ���������Spokane Minor and Klectrii-ian.  In  E  [L.S.]  PROV INCH  , DEYVDNEY.  CANADA./'     ���������'  OF     HKITISH  UAiniA.   ,  COL-  VICTORIA, by the Grace of God, of  the United .'Kingdom of Gieat  .Britain ai.d Ireland, Qukicn. Defender of the Faith, iVic, to.:, tu:..  To Our faithful the Members elected  to serve in the Legislative Assembly  of Our Province of Brilish Colum-  hi.i   nt.   Our   City    of     Victoria���������  (iKKETINO. ���������      , ��������� ,,  A PROCLAMATION.  I). Al'. EmoKTs, \  -\-\Tll ERISAS  Allt>riii:!J-(''ci'cr(i/.l     Y\        W������'   *'���������������������������'  . desirous .-iud re.-oh ed. a-^'sooii   a>   may  i be, to ine.'l l)in-,peoph'of OurT-Vovinec  from i of Rrilish Coliin'ibi.-i,'and lo ii.iv-e their  , Administrator's Notice.  the Countv Court of Kootenay,  holdt-n a tt lie IviM Grossing of the  Columbia River;  In the matter of Pearl Henderson,  otherwise, known as, Alarie Nier-  ni.-iu, and, ., .   .  In the matter of the Oflicial Administrator's Act; da led the Fourteenth,  dav or November,, IM).*) :  UPON READING the affidavits of  Joseph Dee Graham and Peter  Rasmus Peterson, it is ordered that,  .lames Ferguson Armstrong, Official  Ulininistratoi* I'or the County C'omt,  District or Kootenay, shall he admin-  isrator of all and singular the goods,  chattels, and credits ol' Pearl Henderson, otherwise known as Marie Nier-  muii, deceased, and that this order be  published in the Kootknav Mail  newspaper,   for   the   period   of   sixty,  ^Signed, OLK31KNT J. CORNNVALL,  C'.CT.  The creditors, of Pearl 'Henderson,  otherwise known as Muiie' Niernian,  late of "Revelstoke, in the District of  Kootenav, are required within sixty  days from this dale to send to me,' by  regis!eied letter addressed to me, at  Donald, British Columbia, particulars  of their claims and of the sec.uiities  held bv them (if any). After'M-he  expiration of tlie said sixty days I shall  proceed to disti iimie the ������nid estate,  having regard to those claims only of  whicli"I,shall,havo had notice.  Dated at Donald, in the district of  Kootenav, Hriti-h Columbia, this lfith  dav of N'o vein her, lSftt. '     :>������������  J. F. ARMSTRONG,  0 Oflicial Aduiiiiistratoi.  Application for Liquor  License.,  -vtOTICE lSvllEUEBY GIVEN that.  ^LN thirtv davs from the date hereof,  I," the undeisigned, will apply l(^ the  Slipendiarv Magistrate for West Koot-'  enay, at'Ni'N-on. fni'.-i license to sell  spirit nous liquors at my hotel, situated  at Arrowhead, at the.mouth of the'  Coluiubia   river, Upper Anow lake.   ,  CHARLES TJUJIIM.  Revelstoke, Ndvember 20, 1S!)5.       :������-lt  Rossland to-day.    lie, is on   his way to  Kamloops and will   return   next week.  J. M. Kellie, M.P.P., will visit the  Trail Creek district, next, week,' proha-  b'ly to gel some pointers for the Cuming  session of the logislatiue.  Dan   Alton,   who   has' had   a .bridge  gang at  Glacier  throughout  tho summer,   is'Spending   a    few  days at. the  ���������coast, previous  to  going  oast, to Den-  villo, Out., for the winter.  A small blaze at Lnti Ching's laundry  gave the (ire brigade ' some exerei-e  Tue.-d:iy morning. The roof had  caught lire from a defective chimney  but, lhe damage was slight:  Don't forget the Fire * Brigade's At  Home on Wedne.-diiy evening at, Peterson's Hall. A fir-t-ela,s piogtvimme  has heen ariangod and an enjoyiihle  evening is anticipated.  B. Laur.ince's speelacles and eye  glas-.es aie always, in'stock. every sight  for far and near, at the ReveNtnke  Pharmacy. Eyes examined free by Dr.  AlcLean.  ���������few  les.  He goes oul byway of Spokane, and  will vi-.it mo~t of the time with frieud-  at Diiluth, but will extend his I i-i|> into  New H.unp.-hire hefore hi.- letiirn.  advice in Our Legi.-latuiT  NOW  KNOW VE.   I hat  for  divers i  causes and consideration.-, and    taking  into consideration   the   ease   and   con-  , venience of .Our  lov:n.r  subjects.   Wo  hive   thought   lit,    by   and    with   the  ('advice <>f Our Executive Council of the  i Province of Bi-iti.-h Columbia,.!o  hore-  ! by   convoke,    and    by   r,he-,e   presents  j eiiioiii vou, iind each  nf you,   that on  , Thursday,   the   Two.ity-l.hinl   dav   of  ih" mouth of  ."January,   one   thousand  eight, hundred and ninuty-.ii.w you moot  Us in Our-a-d    LogM.itine  or   P.irlia-  . nient of   Our   said    Province,    -it   Our  * Citv,.f Victoria. FORTIU-: DISPATCH  ! (JF'BCSINESS, to treat, do. ad. and  ' conclude luioii tho-e thiuir- which in  ' Our   Leg'-latiiro   of   the    Province   of  British ' Columbia,    by   thi-    Cotiiinon  ��������� ("ount-il of Otic s.iid Province   may.   by  . the favour of-God. be ord;.iii"d.  . In Ti-:sti:.1'.)NV   \Yhei>*i-.v>*.   We   have  C.-Ilised     lllf-H*     Oul    nl.t-tf fls     tl)     lie  made P.-iic-u!. ami   th,->   Cr-e.-tr, St al  i of the-aid  Prtx-iliec to he hi-l'eui.to  Mineral Anl ('���������Win I-'l.     ��������� ,    ���������  , ��������� Certificate .of .Imppoveiagnts.  NOTICE.  T)'i,.U'K"     I'lilNCI^   MIN'KflAI,     ('I.AI.M.  I )   .Siui.'.ti- in i'ho Trout 1-iko Aiming "Division  I of Wc.-t,  Koi.ti-iiny   Di-l.riiil.    Wlioro  lot-iiti'd :  i -���������>��������� milos lip U.iinui* C'n.-ck.    Tiiko notice Hint 1,  I  [[(.'i-licit T. 'I'f.iia;, iiiicnt. fur William  <'.. i������������'-  U-v iri'ti niiiui'-'i ci-rl ilti-nK; No. -KisM. intend,  i -iMvdiiv-, fi-diii ilit'il.H'* lici-oiif, toiipply tulllo  ������������������ cii.lil l.-ommi--iuiii.-i-f<ii-ai"i-t,ilk"ilcof uiipi-tivo-  i nu-nt-, r<������-!liu piii'P"-';. m' (li)taiiiiiiK n l rown  I Ki-anl lift'',' .ilim-ui-liiiiii. .  !      And liirlliur Mku noliue. that, advorsc. cliiiin-  . inii-t   lic'-i'iit  tt> Hit-'  ���������"���������"I'I  Coniiiu^ionci- and  .u.li.n'i o,inn,. ik'-i1 lii-fi.i*o IlioH-uniiuo vif -null  | oei-iiil- .ui-',r iiiipniM'iiiciil-.   ,' , ,  D.iUd IliN lliir'.ii'lli day nf teu-ptuinliiii-. lhll).  Cli.-irles Holten will le.-ivo   in  d.-ty^to spend the winter in the Slat,  afT'xed: WrYNK.-s. t.h-* il������. nii'-  able Iilj(JAK,[)KW'HN::y. Lieut '-n,uit-  C'lverno!* of Our-aid i'lri.iuce of  Bi-iti-'n Cu!t;:iibia. in Out C-'iiy of  Victor',;, in Cir-aid I'rovi^ce.jlii-  flfth d.'v of Il.-'-einli-'-r, '"', ib'���������v^.ir  ofO'iu- I.ot.l one Mum-anil e gi.i  hundred am! iii:i'*'y--'i - ''��������� '"���������<������ l;i  lhe lifiy.ninth y������.iro: Out  itdg's.'  Bv Civiiim-iud.  .JAMES J}AKi:it.  :iVM, Pi,.vii,ci.ii S.,-i r-'iary.  .Mineral-Act. 1.-<*1. " i-'nrm I-'."' c  Oeptifisato of Improvements.  '   ,     NO'! ICE.  IVi;      WILLIAM      MINKIJAI.     Ci.ALM.  iliniHj     ill    Uu*    Trout     IJiku    il'������"'K  ���������isiim <if \\"i,nt ICootenay IliMnvt. T.ikc  V���������im-<- i1i.il I. ITiirrv Abbott, free inincrs  i. rr.'!".'-.'.!'- No.''.',.111. intend, -ixty days from  'In.- ,Iat<- li.Ti-of.'lo.ipiitv to Uio Cold Coiiinus-  .'������������������, r(,ji' a icitillintf of iiiiprovenieiits, loi-  tlie';,���������;-!���������,-e or obuiniiu avOown i;nuit ol llie  .ilj<>'. i- ������������������l.iini. _ , ,  .  U-.'l ftii-il..-:-t.'.lvo'iiolii-,'. tlmt iidvi'i'M!  I'lnuii^  in- -1 be-'nt i-i   Uie   fluid   l,oiiiiiiis<ii)iior   and  a, tlon . friin.-in -d befoiv lbe i-.ll nice  of Miell  T'.>rtiti,-.i!>-of ins,,nn,'iiu'iits.  flii'd ibi- -,*ve:i:et'ii:li day of St'iiti-niber, ts!U  K'  in*.  .Miiu-.,il A't,  in, r  Ju-t unloaded  A   car   of  Lake   of  the,Wood.- flour at Coursier's.*  Nil.- Sol berg, one of a gang <>r iin-n  bl.i-ting out. rocks on the railway right  of way on lhe exteu-ion of Arrow  Lake In,-inch, had his fool badly cru-h-  ed hy a lock falling on it last "Wciliics-  day. Id* wi-nt, lo the ho-pital at  ])'iiiiild for t re.itniiMit.  (m-o. I.iil'oriiie ha- taken Hi'' cuiilrael  from the P. 0. D.-p.ii-tmeiil to en rry  the mail to Pig Honil once a month  during the winter. lie will Marl on  his fir-t trip within ten days if. the  weather is favorable.  IL N. Coursier is selling out a l.nge  Stock of assnrled fancy rihhims at co-l.  Certifies ts of Imppo^-ementf  NOTICE.  I   HHMTT   MINKt! M.   CLAIM  ,   ^ \     ,i���������. T,������, H !-il-������   Milling"!' -i  '   Ki.���������t,:ii .'.- Di-i^.( !      ^ '.'i-'- ''''���������'I'  , (Vi-cl--.     I'.'Vr,   *"' 'i<" liivl I.   H ei  V.in.-iiiivi !'. L ���������' ,   I'"    ii.w.. r'-v '���������   -:.,'i   ���������','���������   ���������  V-. 111. nil' i,'I. v.*-1'' 'Un- '.'"in ll,.- n.it<-   'nr,  , iif.ipply I" ilu- (loid  i  iin'tii���������'i'ii' .' t>i.   a  c  1 ilili-.iic'nf iinpi.i.. in  n'-. t"i   ii"-   -,iiii|>'.'  1 nlii.itieii? ., I'.-om ii .    in* ".'i ,* .i'.ii^ "  -.a in  \il*l i ii 11 In i- UU*- ii 'Ik '-. I'., it 'i !l   " '-   '-,'  i  ni'i-l  I,"   -'ill   to   III''   '���������''*''   '   'l)i'*n-  i".i* u  ���������  I ,i,-tiiin ,-i,nnii, tn * *l O'-f' n* lb'" i ���������n 'ii*''- "r ���������*'  ,'crtiili al*- -,f iini������:i.vt-iii  ni-  i      |l.il,-,| (Iii- I. ntli ilX'  <>f '���������! I-'. t"'-1'     , , , ������������������  Hi lit , H.  A Ki'."'I'I  Full line of Ladies' & Gentlemen's  BOOTS & SHOES  -it,!,l!.      III  ,,||    *,f   \\'i -t  :   ni\ I l.n!*'.v  Ai.!���������.!!.   of  ���������:.:i   .',*���������   r.n.  ', ���������t.  CAN J   OOTA1N   A   PATENT?     For ft  nrninot ������nww an*l nn hone������t, opinion, write to  Si CSV ������V.: CO.. ������l. . h "o h.i<l nearlyflfty TC,ir������'  etiMsrlence in the |iii������-nt bwln.-HH. Commtiiilrau  tlotm Hlrldtlv ronlWciitlftl. A IliiniMinnie of In-  fonnnllun fViticcrninir I'lin-ntM iin*l now to oh-  uun them *!<-nt fr"<>. A l-o r rntaloituo of rawlnui-  lu/il ������ml "clnntllloWiokit flit free.  J'ntDnu tak'-n thro,it'll Muim A Co. r><*-clTn  nix-rlnl notloflnJlm S*-l������-iitlli*- A iiicririi n. jiiid  limn nn- tiroiiL'lit ������-l.l<*lr l.of'.ro llm imlillo without cct u> tliH Invi'iiror. ThlH imlf-ndltl pniwr,  N*,;(.,l n-iT-kiy. i-l,'(.',ii.tiy llliinf nil"'I.Iiiu. t>? f.'u-tlm  inru-CNt. i-ircnlttlcn of any cciciitlllo work In tlie  world.   *.'l������?w,   i-imp!" oir.l.;* *dit frct>  I'.iillcllni,- Kilitixn, montlilf. 12/J)aynr. Slnijlr  ror.li*������. -���������/ c*T,IH. Y.vi-rf miinl.or Qonrairn t,,-nu.  (Unl ulntt^H. In colorK, iind pliotocrnpliB of ii'-w  l,i,i..,"t wilh pl'iin. i-iiHtjlliK' Ijtillrtfrn to jitiow the  lni,...t ,i('Hliri!������ nml m-mrn confrnrti.   AiW.n-m  WIj.VN .k f'O- .S'KW VoicK, .'���������������������   "���������  JDOIST'T   I30   IT  ^ Don't buy goods where you have to pay for  other people's bad debts. I am going out of the  creciit business and am AFTER THE GASH, so  bring your purse and get 60c. Cashmere for 40c.  Double width Dressgoods for 30c. 70 inch Flannel  for 75c. Men's All Wool Under Suit's at' $1.25.  These are only some of our SNAPS so call and see  our goods and prices.  i%   fri!    M  BETELSTOEZE,       33.C_  ���������-^i^r-  *"������  <*\  ������  '>.':Jt<v:,'-.-;-^  ly   .lywo  y-Jis. ���������?."**-.*''-*"5  ,Our   advice   to    those   about . to    m-irry,  is  I kit    if   you    MUST    marry;'   why  the  Post Office store and buy  complete stock oi' dents  hand.  ' Shirts;    Shoes   and  your* ^ outfit  Funiishinii's  th  ere.  always  ys  A  on  v-i  Suits  \1  specivilty.  IS"**"*, "BT     JS  1L4 S���������/1-  WEST KOOTENAY DISTRICT.  UKVMLSTOKK 1)1 VI.S'lO.V. ���������  IJ, I'LAri-'K CLAIMS nnd milling  A  IciiM-lmltl-..   l('K--illv   11 * -111    in   Hii*--  ivisiiin, m.i V  &*V  '^^���������y  ^ K -.  <AA^  &������  -.-?*!+,.  TABLE  i'   I.ill!   (ivi-l-   I'rmii   l.lic  LSICi, in 1 lie   I-I-   .lum'.  [>. (JilAHAM,  (;,,ld ('(iiiimisMoiiiT.  Ki'Vi'Mdl;*', Nov. 0, miC). ;{I-,M.  l.")tll  XllVCIllllCl'  IK! i'i. .1  Awarded  Highest  Honors���������World's   Fair,  MOST PERFECT MADE."-  A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder.   Free  from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant.  ,40  YEARS-THE' STANDARD.  ������|.  r  riiiitfci  . Riclifi-iil  * fCii nil',ii|i  V,'i noli  i.vtrnn .  iV -iv  ���������'..',.,r, 1,in .1  Nn i-Mil*",-  V.-iii'-'in   '-I-  \   l(-l , ,' 1.1 '  N.III-UIIKI    .  ii'in'.'-i  l.llllV  1*1,1 .  ! - -  ,.[���������  Till"  iH'.s.ii-n-!!!''! I BEST AND CHEAPESTROUTE  Tl ll   '. 11  K.ll'-I- 1 ��������� IM    A Nl������    I'lillM  ! I   ., Oi lo'.'-i-  Mill Ul Inl.C!  '. jM-ril.lV. .   I'lll  1 ��������� t    ei .���������* \i    1   1 *i - >���������  All Ea tern P ints.  .*V|..|  (1,1 V  I ii,.-'!.iy.  Tin".*!.i','.  1     Tlii'i.nsjli l-'irft fliirt'.-'l('('iiliii;v"i in*l T'iiu-I'-I  ! Hlc( iiini; ''���������"���������' I" ***i. I'it'll. ..I.'iiti-' til.intl Ttniiiilo  ilfli .N'mVi'IiiIk-i' ' williiiiil i-liiiii.i'  1 ul, >.',.��������� .-Mil.-r 1 REVF.LSTOKF. TIME TABLE.  2 'it li .N'iiVcpiiIici- ;' .s 1 l.mt'n- K<].i-(--i-i fin 1 \ i->-   '.U.ltlnily.          I  1 I'ucill*            '���������           "        I'I:-'*   "  K���������r  full  liifuriiiiitliiii  .-i"  lo  i.il,"-. tiiii*'. cl������ ,  .   I  Moro CURKB  havo 1,0'vn of-  -���������   fcuiivtl liy my  ������������������ . TriiBNOn, witli  iTi,'*:*:*  -���������r-MoQ-;.'.'-;*?  ui,. u, wi-nrnr. tlimi Hy nil othor  .,.,,l.lii.'*l   'I h.,y i'ltiiln lnrnnHt.  7',iL,f���������rn w .dcr novt-i-H*' Mtrnln.   A ny������-  (,.���������, nrilUliiKhnnlioon porlncloll llio  lnHt.BB yoni-'B. fully criuiil t*,),'ir���������oi,al  ���������jxamliiiitluii "���������)' nniii.   27 ������*������i"n';;  iV.Tn'oWilDEFORRrtlTY,  ���������H <'H,J'TI������K.  St.W������'l'oPonto-  &'\ gpj   III hook iru  ta Km mwAiiiw  8t������ lW������ilHC.Bt  Hiiiilv r**   :  J.  T.   I'.i-cw-Kr.  Agent,  K(;v,'lht(,l  (JKd -"Xli-l;.-. IMIOWN.    '."���������.''  Illsl.riill.,l'ii..-iS(riiKi!i7.\Ki.'iil. Viiiicullvim-,  NOTARY   1'UHIJC   -   -   l-UCVELSTOKK,  B.C.  Mining and Real Estate Broker and General Commission Agent.  kir'C Cif������ and'accident Tnsurance.  Representative of the Kootenay Smelting" & Trading- Syndicate.  AOKNT FOI! TltOUT I.AKK CITY. HV.-\NSI������OHT. KASf/) A NAKUfeP  FOR PRICKS ON  n 'mav  d^  ARLOAD:  11. (���������  Ilil.-lVr*  Tl-jtinvi' .I������.'i������vltii;     Revi'Mokc.    *m    .-S  Mdiidavs'   im,I   Tin,i-sdity   inn.!.*' ' i-i.iiiici'l i"iif! 1  witli     il,*'     I'niiitiiil     HI'-iiini-i-M  ���������'" MiiiiiHiliii. ���������  " Al,liii.lm-������-ii"'"'I " Allici-tiii" v.-lii<:li l,:av,.- 1'orl. |  Wllliftin fdr Ohi 11   ri'iiirnl   I'M iv   Siinil.iv   nml  Thui'Kitn.v. nnd tn I- W imlior nml   Nu 111,1   1 M i->   |  WwUiimAny.  OR OTHERWISE AND BE CONVINCED.  He Also Handles  GENERAL GROCERIES - IINMS SUPPLIES  And Other Articles too Numerous to Mention.^  Address

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