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Kootenay Mail Apr 6, 1895

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 FOR MEN���������  STinesl Cashmere Socks b 0 60  Extra heavy wool do 0 SO  Best  quality   Shetland   wool'  Underwear, pore suit i 25  Finest n'at wool   "     , 4 00  Braces, per pair, 30c. and 10c.  -:o:  Tbe English Trading Co.  VoL 1.���������No. 52.  ft^*, APS *    18*5    ^jlfl  REVELSTOKE, WEST KOOTENAY, B.C., APEIL 6, 1895.  FOR  LADIES-  Hcavy wool Underskirts lid  ExtraliVyC'tsliisiereSloclcinKS 0 75  Heavy uat. wool Underveats.. I) 15  'J'am o'Shanters, 50c. and 75c.  Lined Kid Gloves, fur cuffs... 1 25  Unlined do., 75c. and ������1.00.  -:o.-  The English Trading Co.  $2.00 a Year.  TT������   TOUH,  Goods louf-fii-t rlffht out; no commission charged. . ,  I*air selection; immediate returns, (j  Shipping1 tags furnished -free upon '���������,  request.    < ,  , ,   ti  There is WO UTTTY on Furs or ������ny y  other goods we handle.  5SJ-'Write'for Circular giving- Shipping' Directions and ZiATEBT LIAB-  KSI- FE.ICBB.  *J 213a  Incorporated.,  maim uniiec .'/ 200-212 First Avenue North,  MAIN HUU5t. | 3^xi?a-3������r3ES-<a.^������c3X*xs, mimtxt.  t* ^ r ' ' l  1 '^   BRANCHES" ' '  HELENA,-MONT.       CHICAGO, ILL   '    VICTORIA, B. C.       WINNIPEG, MAN.  ----- -��������� r     i;s SHi-irs-i St. "   ' "S9 Liuiglry St, 17S rrince-H St.  the World!  ��������� To contribute your mite in puling it   ;  JY   FOR   GA.SE,  Save 5 per cent.' on your Flour and Feed.-  ���������   "   io      '" "    ���������   General Groceries.  k  Clothing.  ; Tinware.  On all purchases over One Dollar.  GO TO  AND DO THIS."'  W.  COWAN,  J": WHOLESALE DEALER- IN  WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.  BBVELST OVKIE,     B.O!  A. H. HOLDICH,  -\. OF, SWANSEA ANI> WIGAN,"  Analytical Chemist and Assayer,  Accurate assays made of all kinds of minerals, water, milk, etc.  Stockholm House.  JOHN STONE, Proprietor.  The Dining Room is furnished with the hest the  Market affords.  THE BAR IS SUPPLIED WITH THE CHOICEST  . WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.  T.'L  HAIG,  NQTARY  PUBLIC  -   -   REVELSTOKE,  B.C.  Mining and Real Estate Broker and General Commission Agent.  RRE, LIFE AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE.  Representative of the Kootenay Smelting & Trading Syndicate.   :o: 1 ~  AGENT FOR TROUT LAKE CITY, EVANSrORT, KASLO k NAKUSP  THE CENTRAL HOTEL  ABRAHAMSON  BROS., Fuopridtobs.  First-class Table.  Telephone.  'BUS MM UTS   ALL   TRAINS   AND   STKAM BOATS.  FIBE-PEOOP    S-A.ITE3  Kootenay Lodge  No. 15 A-F.&-A.M.  ��������� Tho regular meeting  aro lield.-.in the Mas-  onicTcmplcBouroe's  Hall, on the third  iMonday in each  month ut S p. in.  Visiting brethren  cordially welcomed.  W. F. CItAGE. SlXl-ETAR*.  REVELSTOKE   LODGE,  I.O. O.F.  Regular meetings arejhcld  in Oddfellows', Hall cvery  Thursday -night at eight  o'clock. Visiting brothers  cordially welcomed.  G.'NE"\VMAN. X.G.  A. STONE, Sf.cZ.  "TTrrANTKD���������Pushing Canvasser of good ad-  V>     dresp.   Liberal paltiry and expenses paid  weekly. Permanent- position.  BROWN BIlOS.  CO., Nurserymen Portlund, Oregon.  W. A. JOWETT,  MINING AND H.EA1 ESTATE BROKER.  Zhe IRootena^ fibaii  SUBSCRIPTION.  ,     INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.  One Year .' '.' ?2 00  Six Months    1 00  Three Months    0 oO  ADVERTISING RATES.  One Inch, per month    1 SO  Two Inches, per month    2 00  Six        " "    <- "         600  Special contracts for largo advertisements  All orders for the change or discontinuance of  advertisements muf t bo made in writing.  All bills for advertising due the 1st of each  month.  The Mail if printed every Saturday morning  by the Revelstoke Printing & Publishing- Co.  , (Limited).  NELSON, B. C.  Lardeau & Slocan Prospects Wanted.  THE REVELSTOKE PHARMACY.  -:(.:���������  NEW  STOCK  OF  STATIONEBY& FANCY GOODS.  The New TOILET SOAP,  SIX TABLETS FOR 25c.  ;i  -:o:-  Wait for the notice regarding the new  Circulating Library at "     '  THE REVELSTOKE PHARMACY.  FURNITURE,,;    *  Doors, Sashes & Blinds.  R. HOWSON,  REVELSTOKE.  COFFINS  CARRIED  IN  STOCK.  AGENT VOH SINGER SEWINO MACHINKfl.  a. McNeil,   * , " :  BARBER SHOP AND BATH ROOM,  Front Street!, Revelstoke.  Haircut, 25c;  Bath, 50c; Six Shaving  Tickets for $1.00. "������������������  I \ GUY  BARBER,  WATCHMAKER AND JEWELLER.  Repairing Neatly &. Promptly Executed.  REVELSTOKE, B. C.  R. S. WILSON,  MERCHANT   TAILOR,  -   Revelstoke Station.  First-class Material kept in stock and  ,   First-class Workmen employed.  HELP WANTED!  WANTED���������Acr-rvK, Honest Gkxtlkmak or  Lady, to travel, representing established, reliable house. Salary 2,53 monthly and traveling  expenses, with increase if suited. Enclose rcfor-1  enco and sclf-uddrcHsctl btumpccl envelope.  .THE DOMINION,  Sp8 317 Omaha liuildlng, Chicago.  OCEAN STEAMSHIPS.  ROYAL MAIL LINES.  CHEAPEST roatoto tho OLD COUNTRY.  Proposed Sailings from Montreal.  ALLAN LINE.  numidian.  Parisian:   Mongolian ...  ...Nov. 3  ...Nov. 10  ...Nov. 17  DOMINION LINE.  Toronto ."..,., Oct. 27  Vancouver Nov.  3  >     Orkoon Nov. 10  Cabin $15, tW, 9G0, $70, $SQ and upwurdH.  Interiticditite ?;������); Stourt.RO $20.  PiLSsenu'crH ticketed UirouKh to all parts of  Great lirftuln and Ireland, and at specially low  rates to all part*) of tlie ICiiropean continent.  Apply to nearest steamship or railway a������cii(,, to  I. T. BREWSTER, Agont, Rovclstokc,  or to  I.oiiki.t Kkku,"Gcii.  PaRnciiBer'Anoiit  Winnipeg.  THE  BEST AND CHEAPESTROUTE  TO   AND   FI.OM  All Eastern Points.  TlirouRh Kirst Class Slecplnp Care and Tourist  Sleeping Cars to St. 1'anl, Montrcnliind Toronto  without change.  REVELSTOKE TIME TABLE.  Atlantic EvprcN-t arrivui.   0:1S daily,  rnciflc " "       1(5:1!..    "  Kor full iiifonntitlon ni to nilofi, (in".', c-t-;..  apnlv to  I. T.   Sii-������-\vst<r,  Agont, KevdMcikc*.  GEO. McLIIIIOWS,  Ui'-trict J'anscnK-'r AkliiI,  Viitii'OHVi't*, H, ^  A judge in Victoria decides that  when a man is arrested and imprisoned for debt, tiie seizing and imprison-1  ing the person owing the debt, cancels,  and discharges it, and that he cannot  be sued for it afterwards.  It is reported that Hon. J. H. Turner, Premier and Finance Minister, left  for London last Sa.urd-ij-, for tbe purpose cif negotiating a, provincial loan  of ,$2,000,000. Tf. these loans must  needs recur regular!}- each year, there  is nothing more suitable and appropriate than that Hon. 3Ir. Turner should  go abroad to negotiate them. In a  speech which lie delivered in Revelstoke last summer, the lion, mntleman  gave m detail the methods he pursued  to'bring the .credit of the province up  to the. standard whereby its.loans,,for  purposes of public improvement could  be negotiated at par at 3������' per cent interest. No other member of the government has an equal knowledge of tho  intricacies of London,finance.'  ��������� There'ark so many sole and only  friends and organs "of - the poor work-  ingman about these days���������and now  Trail Creek is heard from !* Wonder  what] thc jlfine?- knows about our affairs, except what some of our self-appointed and very willing ���������defamers  have told him. Our merchants are not  boycotted by .our workingmen as they  evidently would be if these contemptible lies were 'truths instead., As regards the Mail, our'ink is ' still fluid  and our press holds its own, and we  are doing fairly well, thauk^you, in a  financial way, and have confident premonitions of bettor "times near at hund.  Should we, however,-need tlie* assistance of our kind but mourning friends,  we hope they will promptly respond to  our calls for help. Concerning Revel,  stoke itself, it will survive its external1  as well as its internal foes.   And there  is nothing so nice  !IS  free  advertising!  The sharpest and most astute class  of business irien in this country, or in  any country, for that * matter, is its  drummers or commercial travellers.  And when,they are seen congregating  in* any particular place or district, itv  can be set down as tiue that something  important in a-business way attracts  them thither. Very large delegations  of these sure indexes of the commercial value of West Kootenay as. a field  for work in behalf of the various lines  of business they represent, have been  concentrating at Revelstoke anticipating the opening of travel by rail and  river into Southern Kootenay.' They  have' heard of the richness of its  mines, and of the immense and increasing output of ore which crowds and  even gluts all present means of transportation, and each is striving ;to be  the first on the ground to supply the  miners, mechanics,! merchants, hotel-  keepers, etc., with his 'particular line  of goods.' During the last few days,  there have been at least fifty of these  far-seeing men at Revelstoke, many  of whom have gone southward without  waiting for the more comfortable way  of travelling which the opening of river navigation would enable them soon  to enjoy. Thc presence of a large  number of tliis enterprising and intelligent class of business gentlemen  among us, is not a bad omen for out-  town and'district.  furnish paying employment to many  hundred men if tie cost of transportation could be brought down to reasonable figures. ' This aspect of the case,'  however, refers only to individual pla  cer mining. The hydraulic companies  formed and being organized, require  for their operation large, quantities of  mining material and heavy machinery,  which cannot now be carried in excopt  at a cost which is almost equal to confiscation. ��������� And many-of tlie heaviest  parts it is even impossible to take there  with any present means of freighting.  Pack trains are out of tlie question for  heavy machinery over this 75-miles,of  trail. Rome's Big Bend launched hist  week is the first and heststepyet made  in the right direction, but it is not propelled by steam and cannot take it's  freight'within thirty,,, miles of Gold  Stream.  A few years ago, $10,000 was appropriated by the Dominion CJovernmr.nt  for improving the Columbia;ihove lievelstoke, but the money was nob expended, and was .allowed to revert to the  I treasury. A renewal of tliis appropriation could undoubtedIy.be secured, if  proper representations were made to  the government. A movement should  be made at once to bring the situation  before Pariiameut at its . coming session. Something is,heard of a Provincial Government ,town-,ire at tlie mouth  of Canoe rivor, ancl direct steamboat  connection from ]-. evei stoke, by transferring light steamers by 'means of a  tramway or railway portage to the  river above Death Rapids. This is  doubtless ji ' feasible scheme, but the'  preliminary engineering and estimates  of cost are still tu be made, and tbe  necessary capital is'yel if. be secured,  which pun its reali/aiion oft' too long.  A sLoaiiH'r of 50 tons capacity, propelled by machinery powerful enough  to plow through any current or canyon  of the'river, could, lie built in time for  service this season. And a good wagon road from Death Rapids to Gold  Stream, would accommodate through  traflic,for this year.       ' , ,  ' That the Big Bend country has,, the  great future before it which is predicted, there is no doubt whatever. There  is placer ground on all the creeks ' between Revelstoke and Canoe River';  there are rich and extensive quartz  locations in Ground flog'Basin and on'  Game's Creek; there are hydraulic  mines, whose value is already proved,  on Carne's, Smith, McCulloch and  French Creeks, and undoubtedly many  others of hydraulic, placer and quartz  yet to be unearthed. Who can then  doubt that Big Bend is. the coming  great gold producing field 'of West  Kootenay ]  o   END OF TOWNSITE TROUBLES.  The late despatches from Ottawa  bring accounts of a conference which  Chief Justice Davie held with Dominion Government oilicials on the disputed land question. The reasonable inference is that the Revelstoke town-  site dispute was included in the settlement. We had hoped to get' the full  particulars of this important matter  for publication in this issue of the  Mail, but can give only what is contained in the regular press despatches.  It is as follows.:  "The long-standing dispute between  the Dominion Government ancl the  Government of British Columbia regarding the lands in the"railway belt  was finally adjusted March 2Sth, at a  conference between Chief Justicu Da-'  vii-, Hon, T. M. Daly and Hem. J. Tag-  part. By this settlement, the Dominion agrees, upon receiving from the.-  Province the moneys the latter demanded in payment for lands in the railway belt,"to issue Dominion patents to  the holdets of those lands, provided  they are not already covered with patents issued bv the Dominion. To the  people; of Revelstoke, the Provincial  recognition of Dominion patents and  vice versa will be a great boon."  NEWS OF THE DISTRICT.  Another hotel and townsite are to be  started on Cariboo Ci eek to be known  as New Galway. '       , , ������==  Tbe Pilot Bay smelter ib .shipping an  average of 20, tons of bullions day to  the refinery at Aurora.  '' The report of the school trustees  shows tho number of children attending school at Golden to he -13.  Th'1 Alpha mine, near Pom- .Mile  Crook, liavo'-(ft-dc't-f-il fron, Chicago a  concentrating plant of 80 tons capacity'.  About UO men are working on the  Silver King, and plans art; being pr"-  pai-i-d for a tramway from tin. mine tc.  Nelson. , r  , Rossland' has'four resident, justices  of the* peace. Law and order ought lo  prevail ' thore with the assistanc-e of  provincial <������(lii-c*r Kirkup.  Alex. JI. Bain, of Jvain'.i.ops, iner-  chant.jhas inaclci an assignment for the  benefit of hit c*i-ediUu*K without preference, to J. J. Garment.'  Tlie output of ore from, tlie Trail  Creek mines during J&'!)1 was 2,:) 11 Ions.  During the lirst two months of ISIIotln.  amount shipped was2,.SJl tons.'  Rev. W. R. Ross, pastor of I !u* Presbyterian church at Donald, has Ireen  transferred to a church* near Brandon,  Man.   liu preached his farewell sermon  at Golden last Sunday''.1  j        , i  The dividends paid by B.C. mining  companies in Spokane, during the  month of February were over $'IS,'0OU.  The Cm ihoo, $S,000 ; I lie Le Roi, $8,(XXi,  and the War Eaglo over $32,000.  Byron N. -"White  bought a,  quarter  interest in,the Noonday a ud Fourth of ���������  July claims for $'M1.    Hans JUadson,  who went.down the riverjast week, had  an interest in'these claims.  i  G.1 O. Buchanan, at ICasln, , began  cutting GO.OtX) feet of timber for two  scows, 23x75, a bout ten days ago on the  oiilcr of the, ICaslo k, Slot-an Railway;  .wanted for immediate use on Kooienay  Lake.  The Dominion Express Oo, has opened  oflice? at Three Forks and Bosebe.t-y,  on tho ,Nakusp & Slocan' Railway.  New Denver,will be served from the  latter place. An ollice will a 1st. be  established at Trail Lauding or Ti.-'.il '  Creek.     ��������� , "  Tlie oroS'On*two" of tho mines in-the ���������  Trail Creek camp are iinproving.wilh  depth, a good indication for the o'(hers.  Oro from the 300-foot level of,,the Le  Roi runs 17 ounces of. gold to the ton,  and frni'u the lower tunnel of the War'  .Eaudo 13 ounces. - '  In ordet to ship goods from Nelson in  bond to Rossland   via  Northport permission  has  to  be  obtained   from the  colle'ctor at Port Tovvnseiid and then ���������'  the  shipper  has- to pay $5  a day and  expenses   to ' a   customs   convoy, as a ,  sleigh' c-anuot be sealed up.    But tho"  Robsou route will soon bo open.  -  Stand by Each Other.  , We find the  following  paragraph in  an exchange, and  it contains so much  truth,  applic-ahle perhaps tcb circumstances familiar to our readers, that, no1  excuse need he offered  for copying Ut:  The bust vvuyto.biiilil up a town in t,o slnnd  by every limn in tlio , pluoo who does richL  Whenever n, man is doing well do not, lour liim  down. All residents should be piirun't*.-., not o->-.  poncMitH. In till livelihoods the more lnr-ine**.*,  your rival does the more you, will do. Kvery  man who treats his customers' honestly.'fairly  ancl courteouHly will get his share, and the  moro business that eau be seeured by united  cil'urU tho better it will be for all. When a  town ceases to grow it begins lo die.'ami thc  moro readily uttor ruin conies to all. Stand,  together for the advancement of ovory citizen.  If a man shows ability to prosper, do not, pull  him back through jealously or weigh him down  through cold inclinoroneo.  Arrow Lake Branch CP.R.  Trains from the south, connecting  with si earner from Robson, arcs clue to  reach Revelstoke at 10 o'clock Sundays  and Thursdays, in time for No. 1, main  line.  .Southbound strains, connecting at  Wigwam with steamer feu* Robson,  will leave Revelstoke, after the arrival  of No. 1, on  Mondays and Thursdays.  SLOCAN ORE BLOCKADE.  Tn the issue of the Miner lartt received, the ore blockade and the necessity of immediately building the  railway from Nakusp to Revelstoke, is  recognized, and made tbe subject of  the following the paragraph :  "Every arrival and every newspaper  from Nakusp briiig-word of a block in  the ore traflic. J-'irsI it was snow slides  and mud slides on the railway, now it  is ice on tho river. The mud slides will  probably become less and less every  year and experience will show where  show sheds will keep the line clear of  avalanth-'s, but the river, will go on  freezing up for over. A11 t his points lo  the fact that- if the C. P. R. wants, to  'hold its end up,'it must build a line  elean through from Revels!oko to Nakusp. This year some WOO tons have  moved out that way. Next year it is  not improbable thai ISO.OOO may seek an  outlet, a'qunntily that could' not he-  handled with the present facilities."  i '   ^.  .. _ ..  OUR G11I5AT NEKD.  Better means for get!ing into llie  Big Bend district, a great and im.ncdi- MQST   pERFECT   MADE-  ate   necessity,   is   what   the   people ot -  Revelstoke shotilcMabor   for   with  de- A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder.   Free  termination and unswerving unitv    of from Ammonia, Alum or any other ad.iHorjnt.  p.n*po'.-i      Fl  .*��������� ,i   disliiH    ih.il    w.iiid /|0 YI-ARS  Till*   STANDARD  The Fish Creek Bridge Rebuilt.  A new bridge, to replace thc one  carried away by the flood last June,  across Fish Creek at Lardeau City was  finished last week. It is 270 feet, long  and rests on five piers. It is built  farther down the * stream, hut on  ground considerably higher than tlve  01(1,0110 and above high-water mark of  last year, so that it is free of danger  froni floods. Seven men were employed  about ten weeks on its construction,  and the structure does credit to Alex.  MoRae, who had charge of it, and-ilso  to the Provincial Government which  provided for its re-construction.  A Wigwam Wrestler.  Sin,���������Tom Reid has gone "-o Revelstoke with a still" neck, caibed by'a  catch-as-catc-h-can with D.m M c-.Oudion  to-day at the Wigwam. Dan can dow i  any of the sports that come  thiswav.  Wigwam, April 3. Com.  No. 2 was delayed this morning by  an accident to a. i'l-scight train near tfic-  amons���������an engine and hc-veral cars derailed.   No person injured.       *  NOTICE OF APPLICATION.  <���������* >!>"' ,,,,,,,,     ,,,..,._,     -,     ,,..,-.,      aids fs* nu l.l-e I J'.iioi.ion ;>r ]' o\itK*ial  (itivcr-iiiK*::!^, .tin! lo tn.ti.e I :a!TU* aiid  oilier .;-, :.*f.iveiii'*:.t- '.villi ������������������.lilway.  ���������Hii-fiiiil.-.-'it and nili'T c i-mp.Hiic1-. and  for .ill ot'ier iimi.-iI ;it,d ii'-c^sjiry  iinwei   . buhl -. .-i'lii lit I", 'i'':.',.*-,.  :���������     ,:   ��������� v ��������� , *. i..* ..,-... .1 .,.;...   .���������  I.i'     i  ���������II  \ '  I/-../ 2  ABOUT THE HOUSE.  About the Lamps.  Of all the things which have the misfortune to be misunderstood or improperly  used in ordinary daily life, probably none  is moire so than the common pnruffiu lamp.  A lamp is bought and filled with oil every  day; after a time it does not give so good  a light as before ; then there aro complaint  about the quality of the oil, when a little  thought would trace me defect to its real  source. Remedy the fault, and remove  the cause 'of complaint.  There is always more or leas dust in the  oii, cour.equently the wick iu course of time  gets clogged up, and cannot bring up the  oil last,enough to enable the lamp to give  a good light. A piece of flaunel put in the  lamp with the oil will collect much of the  sediment that would cling to the wick.  Tho wicks should be soaked in strong  vinegar, before using. ' This prevents  smoking, and produces a cletn-ei light.  Insert wicks at the top of burner, and  should lhey be difficult to turn up and  down, pull out 'one or two threuda near  the side. The burner is furnished with a  Ureal number of binull holes lo provide  \ir. i If they -get clogged, a smoky bad-  smelling light is tho result., Once a month  the burner thould bo boiled in ti strong  solution,of soda ancl soapsuds ; while Btill  hot, rub with a woolen cloth dipped in salt  nnd vinegar; then riube and pol-.hh, till dry.  Should the top into'which,the burner  screws become loose, pour in a little  melted alum, and press firmly until cold.  Before using lamp 'chimneys immerse them  in cold water (to which a teaspoonful of  salt should be added), and' after boiling  their, leave the water till cold. A lamp  should never be carried through u draught  while lit, as this causes many broken  chimneys., Fill the lamps'in the morning,  and'set thein in a cool place away from the  heat of a stovo or open fireplace. The best  lamp oil is that which is clear ancl nearly  colorless, like water. It should'' bo kept  free from all exposure to atmospheric air.  ' If'the lamp is filled with oil every day,  md once a week emptied out, a new wick  occasionally used, the burner clean, and a  clear polished chimney u&ed^ it will bo  found that it is a cheap luxury, ancl not, as  ' is often tho case, a necessary evil whioh  has to be'used for lack of anything better.  In many places thinus go ou in tho same  careless manner'year aftor year, with no  attempt to improve them; but if'a little  reason and thought were used, we would  soon find that many of our discomforts  would be very easily overcome . aud  banished.  '    ,       }  2S4CSwaC3E*it������x������t3M=3a������iGr!ryaannxt0=n:  moil, and two tablespoonfuls of butter cut  into bits. Butter a dc-ep dish, put iu a  layer of apples, sprinkle with sugar, a few-  bits of butter and cinnamon, and cover  with bread crumbs, then add auother layer  o! apples, etc. Cover closely and let steam  three-quarters of nu hour in a moderate  oven, then uncover and brown quickly.  Lemon Cream.���������Peel three lemons and  squeeze out the juice into one quart of milk  add the peel cut in pieces, and cover the  mixture foi a few hours, then add 6ix eggs  well beaten and one pint of water well  sweetened. Strain and simmer oyer a  gentle fire until ic thickens*; serve cold.  Milk Lemonade.���������Dissolve in one quart  of boiling water a cupful and a half of loaf  sugar.' Add one-half pint of lemon juice  and lastly a pint and a half of boiling milk.  Cream Cake.���������Cuke: Oiie cupful of sugar,  two eggs,' four tablespooufuls  of milk, one  and one-fourth cupfuls of flour, a teaspoonful of baking powder, and a good pinch of  salt. Beat tho yolks of the*eggs and the  sugar to a cream. Add the milk and salt,  beat iu the flour,'With which the baking  powder has-been mixed, and add the white  of the eggs'beaten to a slid'froth. .Stir till  thoroughly mixed, and bake'in'three but-  tercd plates dusted with' flour. Cream  Two cupfuls of milk, three tablespooufuls  of augur, a pinch of salt, three tablespoon-  fills, of flour mixed lo a siu/ioth paste with  a, half cupful oi milk,' cine egg and a. half-  teiihpooniul of lemon or vanilla extract.  Scald the milk, and when hot, stir in the  flour paste and salt. Cook ten minutes''and  odd,the egg well beaten with the sugar.  Stir till well mixed, remove from the (ire  and qpol, add the flavoring'and spreadbe-  tween the layers of cake.,, "  THE   KOOTENAY   MAIL.  TOffTJTTI17rP"=n*,c*?^,;"nTMH--V*uejw"**  .-qji^JiJuaiti-Miiaj-", irtcnwi  SCORES OF RUFHAIB.  FRENCH ANARCHISTS AND ITALIAN  DESPERADOES IN LONDON.  . INDIAN PRINCE IN NEW YORK.  A Clint Willi llic Nnviali limul Xinvj-7. Jung  Kniimliir.  His,Highness the 'Nnwab Imad Niiwav.  Jung Bahadur of India and his wife arrived 'in New, York a few days ago. They  have with them a maid 'and a valet, and  they are making a tour of the' principal  cities of the world, which they propose to  circle. Their trip began at Hyderabad, in  the southern'part of Ilindoostnn, where  Imad Nawaz Jung Hahadar is a great  prince. ,      ' ,  They arrived from Asia on tho steamship  City of Pekin. The INawab is a rather tall,  well formed man, of perhaps 40 ��������� years of  ago. He h is a brown skin, a dark beard,-  the whitest of teeth, very bright, brown  eyes and a pleasant face, which would be  described as good-looking rather" than  positively handsome. His manner is that  of any well-bred gentleman, and his voice  is wonderfully soft and pleasing. His dress  was decidedly ornamental. , On his head he  wore ti red fez with  a black   tassel.    The  Baby's Amusements.  The mother who thinks with a sigh of  her utter inability to purchase a quarter  of the pretty playthings which will keop  her little one supplied with requisite novelties,  need  not  despair while she has a  perfect mine of treasures in her kitchen j dislinctive arUoi0 6f hia attire was a long,  yet to be enjoyed, if she will only avail j loote re(1 gftrmont> looking,much like a  herself of them. . , -, j llressinc gown,aud fastened /with silk frogs.  Does every one know-,, thc virtues of a 'iBenc.al[", tilit. couid be seen trousers of some  dozen clothespins or n bright titi pan,? Is it !)������������������,,.. white fabr*c> with glistening threads  a commonly accepted fact that a tm dipper i ^ 81,k rlln;iing through the cloth,the effect  with a very few drops clinging to thi bos- l)eil,g tlmb of.the uolher pdrb 0'f ft aet of  torn of it is one of the most desirable toys ' glorified pajamas. "-'On his teet were loose,  to'be found from the baby's point of view ? broad-toed slippers, hut the crowning glory  One can scarcely gd amiss in selecting any ot his costume is his hosiery. These stock -  of thc common articles vjith winch every , iugs> aro of black silken texture,underneath  kitchen is supplied, providing the article , winch is a Crilliant green, the etlect of the  has uo sharp edges, lor a cut made by a tin , green seen through the black being highly  is a suflioiently'serious matter. Do not be ' ornamental. Tne Prince wore on his ieft  troubled about finding semis-thing that tho hand a s'lii.Ul intaglio ring with cabalistic  baby can  handle  easily.     Tho  larger and   e-hnracieis.  moro clumsy the article the moro enjoy- I "We are on a pleasure trip merely,"  ment, it seems to furnish. A splint inaiket raid tho Prince in response to a question,  basket is a treasure topmost little cluldreu. , "We   have   been   aw������y   from   home four    ' ' months, having come to this   country from  Little Picture  Frames. I -Thin.-,where we went to Canton,Shanghai,  _ ,   , .       r    -    , ind Hong Kong.    Wo might have travelled  These are made by   cutting   from  heavy   ill)(HU ctlllm more but ior Lhe  war>    There  cardboard ' six heart-shaped   pieces about , is no travel in the districts where the right-  eighc iuches in   the widest part.    In  these ' -������S f-. <���������������-- we could not go to Peluu.    For  cutovals largeenough to fit the photograph.   a '^ A&* We s\P^d   "  San   l-rancwco.  ���������     " b       , -,, and at Niagara tails.     1 hat is tne greatest  Cut fine hnen to cover the cardboard*',mid,    thm��������� T have seen here in America.  on the face of each, embroider ferget-mc- . "In,my country we do hod behevo in so  uots. Cover all the boards. Cut astripof much crowding into the cities. It is better  broad pale blue nbbon the necessary lengtV for the public health,heller for the Govern-  and  attach to the buck of the three framei   ment, tetter tor the poorer  elates,   better  An Kvo<lus of AunrcIiNts is Follo-n-fil I>V  tin imtiiiffrati'Ui   <>! KalianI>e-,prrn<!o-"S  ���������(;<>*!,->* J.SviiiK.Vovt'auil :i il.-ili'CciiCiry  Ago <.-<>iiSi*astc<i.~~  A recetii, London letter says:���������While  French anarchists have been leaving London  during the paBfc fortnight Italian desperadoes have been coming in. All tho?e  expelled from Switzerland by the Berne  federal council have made Islington their  headquarters and are acknowledging  " Pope" Malateeta as their leader. Among  them ia the notorious'advocate, Gori, who  was often mentioned during the trial of the'  assassin of President Carnot. Tho authorities do not like this invasion, since it is  giving them considerable trouble in the  'way of espionage not at all to the liking of  the English police. At meetings ������f '-I'0  several groups speeches imvo been delivered  in'the advocacy of violence nnd air-active  propaganda is regarded as itntniuout. Tlie  police say that, reassured by their grow'ng  numbers, thc Italians -may startle the  British metropolis at anyinoment by some  devilish outrage.  Henri Roche-fort is responsible for the  departure of the French refugees. As boon  as the amnesty was declared he promised  to pay all their expenses back^lo Pans.  Inspector Melville, of' Scotlaud Yard,  reports thai seventy of tho fellows availed  themselves of Rochefort's generosity and  aie now in France ready for any new  deviltry. They took their departure at  odd iuteivals under the eyes ,of the police  agents. M'auy foreigners who have been  lost Bight of were discovered during'the  exodus) and the authoritiesviu France wero  duly notified of their movements. Owing j  to this information .the French police, it is  reported, have the man under surveilenco  aud will be ready to check their powers for  mischief. The foreign clubs in''Soho, the  hotbed of pernicious activity in the past,  are now practically deserted, but Islington  is disagreeably crowded with the new  arrivals from Switzerland and Belgium,'  COfeT OF LIV1XO.  George Augustus Sala, the veteran journalist, has been writing a series of articles  contrasting the cost of living fifty years ugo  wit li that'of the present, time. ' He finds  many things cheaper now, but, like moat  old-timers, ho has a sneaking fondness tor'  the past. He sums up as follows :  "On the whole I am disposed to think  that tho great  majority of articles   which '  THE QUEEN IN FRANCE.  Crnncl ������:������:<*!. ������: Ins fez, SouliM-ru France. Her lonipun-ar-r Iloiil, uce-  -tM&fe  , o-^^sfeM'-'.'*-*  ^-:<=^3g}U'V:*/.<-.  i^dtm^^jp  ' , Queen V'ctoria in now domiciled on tho  Riviera for a few woeks. She occupies the  Grand Hotel at Cimi'-z', which has been  partly redecorated, refitted and refurnished for her lite.  Plans of tho building were tent to her at  Osborne some tim's ago. " She picked out  for herself a suit'of rooms on tho fi rut.  floor, the bedroom facing thn noith. The  drawing-room anil the dining-room were  furnished anew under her in-mediate direction.       , ' '    <  An nlrvalor ha<- bem put in c-poeinjlv  for her vi������il,'iiii(i a private! telegraph offn-o  has been fitted up so that she may know  al till times what is 'iioittg on in hrr own  dominions.  Tho Grand Hotel commands ,bo.iulifii-  views of tho Mediterranean, lbe town o'  Nice and other intciresiing features of lho  three-miles vyido strip of land between liy  house nnd tlie sen. It standi) on it hillsiib  which abounds in villas and gardens.  The front ob the hotel, is plain sin'  rather bare. The back, looking out upr.i  the garden, tho view given in the picture-  is llie'prettier, mure alii active part.  , ,0UNG BEAR AT OXFORD.,'        | ^ FIELD   0?   00IIES0E  r,.vciittt������   Time  nl   (Ik-   I'iiihohx   *:������ll<'  On-,.*'! l>y'*oi !\i-nj������ril .tisiinnl  Some Items of Interest to the Busi ,  , ness Man.   ,  jege, uxrorei.c-ngianci, recently n&u miipiiuu ;     Money   firmer,   in'" New York   with en IJ  to him a young bear fiom Mount Lobanoi^ i loans quoted at;. per cent.  Syria.     When    the   box in  which ,it was !     The output  of Nova'Scotia coal  minct  " ������    - t  One cf the faculty at Christ Church Col-'j  jege, Oxford,England,recently had shipped 1  transported was opened *at Oxford the  animal leaped out ancl ran at once into the  chapel where service was being held.   '  Just as he arrived at the door the stout  verger happened to come from within, and  the inomeut he saw, the impish-looking  creature running into his domain ho made  a tremendous flourish with his silver wand,  aud, -darting into the chapel, essonced  himself in a tall pew, the door of which he  bolted., ' Tiglat'h'(as th'e boar was callod),  being scared by the wand, turned from the  chapolcand scampered frantically about* the  large quadrangle, putting to flight the numerous parties of dogs which iu thoso days,  made the spot their afternoon rendezvous.  After a sharp chase a gown was thrown  over Tig and he was with dillicultycsecur.  ed.' ��������� ' -  During  the ,struggle ho got  one of the  which have been made by overhaudiug 'th  hearts togethei, ieavinc a slit at one side in  which to iusert the picture. They must  hang one below tho other. At the upp-r  end of the r-bbou tie a large bow or the  ribbon and sew a smvll ring at the back  the bow.  for m.'iiciilture,   b-tter   for   finance, better  ���������v.ys '.hat  people   sho-i'd    nor.   crowd  ������n  Coug-h Candy.  An excellent cough candy is made  slippery elm, flaxseed and sugar. So������k a  gill of 'whole flaxseed in half a pint of  boiling wnter. In another dish pu' a cup  of broken bits of slippery el.n, ati.' cover  this also with boiling water. Lo-, these  stand   for two   hours, , Then st���������-*.   them  together too much into cities.    One  tmni;  I find strange here is your eating.   Id India  we ���������!*������; not much   meal ;  n   little mutton,  ���������*i   perhaps, but mostly   vegetables and green  ! thiui!&:hut aereyou &.U eat ment.meat,meat.  ;,Youbtre great   fisah   eitera.    Still,   every  ' on? to  hie own   ta.������te.    You   say   it   so in  , I Enghi-h, do you not ?"  of       Tne reporter added that it was a common  gayinc in F.vt:\v>h and adder! lha  we consume, antl the accessories of ci viliza-,j fingers   of his new  master  into his mouth  and began vigorously sucking it, with that  mumbling noise for,, which bears are remarkable. Thus ho was lend back; to the  'student's rooms, walking all t,he way on his  hind legs ancl sucking tho finger with all  his might. A collar was'put around hia  nock aud Tig beeamo a prisoner. His good  nature and amusing tricks soon made him  a prime favorite with tho undergraduates j  a cap and gown' were made, attired in  which (to the great sr-audal of the dons),  be accompanied his master to breakfasts  and parties, wli6re he contributed greatly  to the amusement of tho company and partook of. good things, bis fnvorito viands  being miiliins and ices.  Hs was in general ot an amiable disposition, but subject to fits of rage, during  which his violence was extreme, but a kind  word ancl finger to suck soon brought'him  around. He was most impatient of solitude, and would cry for hours when left  alone, particularly it it weredaik. On ono  occasion he was kept in college till alter  the gates' were .locked and there was no  possibility ot getting him out without the  porter seeing him, when there would have  been a fine of JO shillings to pay the next  morning. Tig was therefore tied up iu  the.courtyaid, but his cries were so great  that his master ban him brought into his  room and chained to the bed post, where  he remained quiet till daylight, "then  pwok'c bis master by licking his face, aud  presumably' put his hind legs under the  blauket������.    '  tion, are.considerably cheaper than they  were, say,'iu 18,'U, but���������and there is a  great deal in this particular but���������the cost  of living is greater in the present year of  the good Queen Victoria than it was in the  last year of William IV. All classes con  sume or eujoy a great deal more than  they formerly consumed, still everybody���������  rich, moderately circumstanced or poor���������  want more thn a they formerly did. If traveling by rail or steamer, be cheaper, allclasse3  ttavel muclrmo/e frequently and longer  distances thaii they were fotmerly accustomed to tio. They have more clothes, more food,  more finery, more books ancl papers than  tlicit fdtheisbad,but wages antl salaries have  not, lo any proportionate extent, increased  in view of the largely enhanced cost of living. I mean, in nue, that'fifty years since  a professional mun in ,asmall way of businesi-  could maintain himseli, his wife nnd his  family very comiortably on two hundred  (������1,000) a year, and I scarcoly think that  .-.uch an income would now suffice to keep  him.' As to the great army of clerks���������  lawyers', bankers' and commercial���������it is  lo.me ,i puz;de how they can manage to live  at all, mucti less to marry and have oil"���������  spring."  TO   KXCOUKAI.'i:   INSTRUCTION*.  Au interesting review or the movement  which led tci the organization of the science  and art department in England is given in  a report'just issued. Until 1856 very little  was done hy the government to encourage  systematic mstrticiior in technical subjects,  but since then the crauts have been greatly, lucieagfit. Ln.-it year tho estimate for  ubtk-sa' the work wiucn'is doing so much  for  the  the Prince hn-1 learntd    to  hpyaK   Knglish  t-ttent.y inGr'jat Britain.  "So ; 1 ;m\e r.ever b'-'sn ir. Europe," sair*  the Pr-i.ce, "and this is my tir.st viBit to  America J but'I have Rtu iied Encrh-'ri for  ' ten mootht), yet I f-'ar I -speak not correctly  many time.". In tlf* Jvist everything ii  both through a muslin cloth into a taucf-pan ��������� Ettgli'-b Tii'-rr* ti n ' littlo Frcrcb, br,t  containing a pound and a half of jrantiUt- KtiffUsh isthe lant-uayciof the world���������-Englmh  cd sugar. Extract all the hquo/ you c������n, language, I m,'.-.t! to lay.'"  stir the sugar until it ih mrlte'i .ind then' "l jo'you in'.<-nd lo learn Fnuioh and  boil it until it turm to candy. Vour it out r,,;nn'ni .ti o wren yon vimt ihoi������ cotm-  at once when it renche-t Uim .'joint onto trim ' nikfl'! <i * reporter,  groticid papers. Thin is the oi l-fmhioti^d "N't. ; I Unrtk i ot. ' 1 am not irnvehtng  rule. The candy is more pali.tnbln if tin* to id urn lniu.-uiigi-i or :o study poiitn.ii an  juice of two lemons :-> .uided f* it ajrer ;t tome of my fountryntf-n d',. it ih mcreiya  hoi cooked fur ten ituntit.es. j pir-u-uip' .rip, nnd J ���������ntproi- tnyfcll it. *��������������� ml    ! (.mitliiioi d,  I  think y.iil call  l'.    My  will.-*  Sewing-Machine Qu Ring- !;VI11' ��������� w"*** -i" ���������'��������� ai1 th&b.n-f ....>.-in ot th*  j world, ,ind   vie,  map r#ut o ir   cuiiM* .ii we  A writer puts the quilt in .ci fr-.tn.-i the , ,r���������ui,     U'n nail  fiom her- ),v  t'-.f   Wiutr*  old-fashioned way, luittis    ,.   around   the j Hiar lim*.    I do nut know w-icn wm m.1hiI  edge.-t nnd down the centreith.il shinalc-H it; H'-1-   homo again.    Perliapi not lot  u. lotirf  oiit.cirefiilly rolls it from encliHt'iIrt iiiv/ardfi I tln!0* .    .  .,   '       -     ,'        ,.   ,���������,  .      ., , ,,   |      On Ha itrr ay rho  Prini-c-i cul'0'1  t he ceiiiro bi-itiiiK : bBi'ini in    the   mi< d b>        .     , ,,    .,,*',    ...        ,     .    ..  i     i ii wifii of   lie-    itrKi?h i.unpu , wriarir  (ind tuiiom-H rows i he desired iImiivih.i-nrntn, ��������� , "-i*. ,  '   ..  , . , , * til.lnn   ,->'   sIithm Ii 1/^nlH   nil   lie' II  to eac't mde eilg'i.     Alter ilio  li.i-t t;onc om-  way sho can begin at the end and goto Ihe  nn   Uic  ; .1 iit-n-  1 1   ll'T  ulrlt.gt  oth'.-r end, but it makes a smaller roi  under th'jarmot the m.iehiite to begin in  the centre.  How to Make Maple Wax.  A delicious cnnfcctiuii for children, nnd  not amiss to their elders, m maple wax.  Boil maple pugnr with a little water ton  thick syrup. When a little will harden  readily on snow or u*o, iu is ready. Then  pottrit over a greet, pun, nithnr of t-losoly  packed snow, or a ciAku of ice*. It will make  Millets of briBl.t.le,rrieltihg candy that, ia most  luBcioua, and very easily 'prepared.    ���������  Useful Recipes. ��������� '  0  Urown Betty.���������The necessary ingredients  are as follows : One cupful of brcadcrumbi.,  two cupfuls of chopped apples (tart), a half  cupful of sugar, one tabloBpoonfulnf china  Mi .ion i-,r .-tipet b g<Miis on h������r fin  ilri-C", and in her tir.tr. II.t bonnot  were simply lines ot rubies; ciuniiiitcl',  rincr.iid^, nnd sapphire". .Monday i.i'/r.-,  ihe Turkish Consul and nu wi-'echned at  the Waldorf with the Prince arid F'ritic*"-'-'.  ,   A Lucky Man Servant.  It is not often that an employer is no  handsomely cr'nsiderato of trie rtf-rvioes of  an old and faithful retainer as tho recently  deeetmed K. S. MuHurin, a wcilthy Moscow  merchant, who litis bequeathed the sum of  '100,000 ruble!- to his nr.iiri Hervant; I'hilipi-  polf. The fr.rtmiat.i! Jogatrjc! had nerved.  M. Masurin for tho hist t'hirty'yours; .  tramina of the musiies was over *J3,000,000.  In addition to -;hii, by new legislation, the  council! ot any'county or borough or any  SiiOurbaii authotry w (.inpowered to levy a  rate^in_aid of -.echmcai or manual instruction, and many local bodies would have  taken Advantage ot tins I! th" local taxation  ���������ici of I-ifJO had not id.-, d *>', * in������ir disposal  ������ large nun avail ib!e for tin s :me purpose.  'J his amount, the roiidue o: tho customs  and erci������c duties, arno'inled 'o $1,"200,000.  Out ol forty-nine JCiijzli*>ri county councils,  lOrty one tie applyint; tit., whole of tlioir  !.h,ir<" to ttcltnic.I itducanon, ,ina eight -i  pArl oi" it :,ot ihe sixty ottu Kuylisii borough  coiiiiqi!" Iifly three arti devoting thu whole,  *������nti uev>;n a part ") Inis p'lrprjsu, while iu  only one. I'ren'r-n.in Luneafnire,the money  i*. i'.*iiii Appliou to tft'i relief of ratet. The  air.OMir' it. t'isily t-fpcinle I in Kngl.iud  aii'l \V ii..*< nlone in , il'I'J-.'l was, !;'.!,  ,"l lA'ilt, and tin: iwnoittit, allocntod  fur tne tollrjwuik. ye ir -,vin fJ.'i.UMj, IliO.  Dunne; lrnl IhhI decide Lb. re tiuti been  .iHtiM'iy incn a-*e in tlie miinlior ol organ-  i/.-.l -.'.:"'i' n 'I iy Hijiiooh. Tri'Tc were 1,421  o: *ht*s������ in H'j'.. while in IS'll ti.ere were  '.'O.'JJ, an-! ti. piiyim nM on r<������ult<( have  ,1'iv-riced v, ''..ti tiie ������������������ am.) period from  ^vsi),I l.j to.*;(���������"/i,i/'0. Loii'tnn guilds are  now i*kii.K itn-t'-me tnterftst m the work  and are -ppropn-Uin;/; l.-irt-e Amounts of  ti.eir i'tind'. inr technical rir nooln and in-  n'.rn'-tion, .MancIiesKir' ,.-) noon to liiv������ n  new technical g'lhool, for which over 8.V.0,-  O'iO has be.en appf.pri-il'id.  A repot--, iiaj been placed l,':foro the  i'rillMh admiralty on tli'i c./fect of trie  recent, naval maneuver." on torpido craft.  Of HI- iirst-ofasi'. boits pre.S'.rit at the  mar.etivers five aro di-'-M.red, afl'ir, Hiiifleet*  rial attempts at patching up; to be, "prostrate.". The worst ������������.'������<; ih t,ho torpedo boat  dont'-oyer; Hornet, of wbieh'uo much wn.n  oxpeot.ed, . Tlio di**abliri#, of (,iion������ boats  has led. to some harnh  A FREE DINNER.  The.  Tu  c-ritieiom, and   it has  I'residontblevolan'd w������s'-5S years of age j been dooidetl   to  givj olo.ser  attention bo  on''Monday, ��������� ��������� the coiiHtructinnof vcHHela of Ih'iH olinnioliir  Orand Duke Ocorgo of Russia, brothor  of the C/.ar, has arrived at, Algiers from  Livsidia, whoro be will remain some time  lor the benefit of his health.  in-tho futures.  Tho Duchess of   heiiin',������r i*  have dicid at Mcntono. ��������� ..   ,   ���������  ���������p,.rr,orl to  -lever  Ocvlce.  ol' n   9'reiicliiiinii  Have a ..oiid llluw Out.    ,  Tho other evening a Htylish and gentlemanly-looking individual stepped into ono  ef lhe leading restaurants in Paris, took  his deal at a table, and ordered a dinner  tres rochorohc. When it was served up ho  tackled the dishes with tho placid delight  of a genuine, epicure. When ho wiih half  way through tho dessert a closed cab drew  up <it the door of the establishment,' ane* a  yery grave-looking gentleman requested  pcrmirf������ion to look through tho promises,  as ha expected to find there a fraudulent  banker, whom lid as a drslftctivo was in-  Ht.rttcl.ed to take into custody. , Ofcour.se,  bis demand wiih complied with, and no  sooner had hoonicted tliodiniiig-iooni than  he pointed to tho luxurious reveler nnd  whispi-re.il in tlie landlord's ear :  "You Bee, our information was corroot.  There ho is. Hut for your own sake wo  prefer to avoid u row. I'lensei toll the gentle-  mart that, his rrieiid IUioi., I,,, \a ontsido  and wishes lo i-pcak to Inm /or half a minute.  On leceivint; the incKniigo our gastronomist iminoiiintisly roue from thu tablo and  went out on thu boulevard, where ho was  taken poHcussjon of by the. detective, who  puliiim into ll>(s cab and drove Oil' with bun.  Next day the n.-slattrniit keejior went to llio  polire office to recover payment for tho  "fraudulent banker's" dinner, amounting  to about (IO friittoii. Ittit. noil'im- the Com-  rriin>ff.iry nor his fiiihr-rdiiKiuiH knuw any-  tiiinp; of tho Hiippuso'l capture. In tho end  it tinned *",ui to be nothing more or tost)  than a clever bit of couiotly got up for the  pnrpone, oferifililitig ono,.of tlio' actors to  have "a ({').J(i blow-out1,".,  A Cheap Funeral.  , Hoiisekoeper-���������' Pretty specimen you  ari> lo auk for help! The.dirt an you in an  inoli ttiick. ���������-.'' '  " ���������"_'  Trump��������� Veii,- riiurn; ytit'iit-g" aro worry  hn.nl, ilium, and ftiticral expanded comes  high. I'm lo'tvin' it on ho,when'my time  come.ti I won't nood luiryin'.  last year was'2,16S,3I0 tons.        '    ",  The gold teserve.of the United State  Treasury is ISAD, 13'J,8S2.,    "  There seems to,be every relation to expnc  that the Belgium government will soot-  re-move its prohibition of Canadian cattle.  The London market for American fcecur  ities is very firm, quotations'yesterdav  being the highest for some time. ,  ���������< There is a good demand for dressed hoc  on the Toronto market with sales at $~>.lc  to 85,85 lor oar lots. .  A syndicate has been formed iu Belgium  to import Canadian hor*-es, Its agents arc  expected to come to Canada to open lh<  trade.     ' -> >,  The promoters of the Sault Sic. Marie A*  I(udt-on- Bay Railway are 'about disposint;  of the oiiartcr to Minneapolis capitalists.  Negotiations are now lieing made.       [ '  The product of thd Canadian pig iron  industry last year,' nacording to atatistic-  recently given, was ,r>;.,014 ions, of which  40,000 were produced in Nova Scotia.      ;  Another well of natural gas has boon opened on tbe property of the Ontario Natural  Ga3 Co.,on the lake shore near Leamington,  Ontario, and is said to bo a very good one.  ' Wheat iu Ontario is very scarce, and  prices are high. Millers experience some'  difficulty in gettine enough for icqiiire-  ments. Large quantities of rod and Manitoba spring liavcbt-Ln shipped lately to  Ontario from Montreal.  Tho leather business lslighfin the United  Stales, but prices ate very firm, heavy offers at slightly below the current prices*  having been'' refused. A further advance  of half a cent has been made in leather  produced from Rio Platto bides, and llieio  is, some demand for union crop but not  much.'  - The trend of trade appears  to be in tho  direction of improvement. Toronto wholesale dealers generally report mi incieaso in  tho volume of business, nnd ' the leeling of  confidence is growing.    Spring orders are  more   numerous  for dry 'goods,   but  the  orders are chiefly for small parcels, showing  that retail   merchants are  still exorcising  considerable caution. Tho imports of foreign  goods  at Toronto   ior  February  show t.n  increase in silks, fancy goods and cottons as  compared with the oorrasponding month'of  laBt year.    Prices are not notably changed,  metals and hardware are iu bettor demand,  and the'grocery   trade is improving.    The  higher prices of grains and hog products is  an   encouraging    feature.    Receipts    are  limited, which accounts for tlie advancing  prices,    but  rising markets   are nlways a  stimulus to the trading  public.    Money is  uuehanged,' with call loans on stockH quoted  here  at 4  por  cent.    This comparatively  easy rato is the chief fnotor in tho present  strong state of the stock market.  Discounts  are  quotod at C   to  d\ per  cent.,  and tho  slight incroasu in  trnne is reflected in the  March   bank  statement,  which  shows-a  larger linc'of loans and discounts.   At New  York tho rato for call   loans is higher at 3  per cent',    There are evidences of increiiHed  activity   there,   ancl   tho   smaller  surplus  reserve of  banks   will   nuke   it  easier   to  advanco"tho rato still furtl.er. '  Boats a Brother to Death.  Frank Thompson a farmer of Cardial  Mo., killed his brother lid ward on Monday  evening. Kdwnrd was drunk and attacked  I'Vunk, whoso wife went to his aid. Edward  throw her clown and renewed his attack  upon Frank, who had meantimo armed  himtjelf with a club, With this Frank  knocked I'M ward down, and in a frenzy of  rage beat his head out of all semblance to  biitnnuity. Tho brothers wero well lo do,  owning consideiable property in common,  and had always lived together peacably.  Edward was a bachelor.  Elondin's Most Difficult Feat.  Bloudin, thu light-rope walker, iiowover  TOyeais of age, when ho is interrogated as  tlie most difficult font he has ever performed, always lofers to his walking on a po  from tho mainiiiUHl to the miy,*.un on board  tho Peninsula and Oriental Company's  steamer I'o'imih, on his way out to Aus-  tialiu, their,being such <\ heavy sea on at  the time that he was forced to sil: down on  the ropo five times/as the largest waves  approached the vessel.       ./-    j  . w 4xt������ '������������������:���������  ���������'".'������������������    Killed Them-Off.-.-       b v  hit: Grump'ps���������I notice that the big hats  are not worn so much at tho, theaters as  formerly. ,(- ���������   , ���������  Mrs., Orumpps���������No ; some lying paragraphed Started the story, that big hats  were the cheapest.  BIB PRISMS 0? PABB.  GALAXY OF SENATORS,   DEPUTIES  AND BANKERS IN THErS.  4 Visit (<> lhe ."rent ."-S-i/.-is���������T.ic Luxurious  SnlnlB���������t*el:isrc. -rt!ier'." llie  Prisoners  '   li.-ivr   :i -lolly   <;������i)tl   Time������������������"-rlioiiers  V.'<irki;l TI:������( iii'>'-:i:i<^   tSootm-.ikiu*; ' or  , 'i'.iilorin-r.  lbru pri-ious as the . present time contain a mure distinguishedsetof'gueits than  over before iu their h'Story.-" Ex-Senators,  ex-Deputies, bankora, directors and managers of newspapers, officers, uoblemea,  wealthy manufacturers, have of late bean'  irrcMtcd with marvelioii-s rapidity.  A hundred ye-ars ago they would have been  e,l to theguiliotine without delay. The pro*  :re.siof a century liKofor-sucii cases suspend*  d, ami probably put an end alto-jeilier, to  :he "veuvo," tliu-riuug term for tho terrible  kiiifc*, bu*, the disgrace u-iti���������uoniplcto as  ever.  ThoroJ uru eight prisons' in Paris,���������the  depot nnd j-.il of tbe Prefectures of Police  situated belr.ii 1 tho Pal,tea of .fustic.) ; lho  \Ia/(i3 'Prison and House of Cellular Cor-  ruction ; House ofCorrculional Education,  ir Petite Kcquotte ; Piison mid House o'  Cot ruction La Smile ; Sainte-Pelagio *  ���������St. Liuuire, for females exclusively; La  Coneiergeriu and La Grande Requeue. In  addilion to these there is tiie'priHon of  Uheiu'ue-Midii for military prisoners only,  and oi which so much was'recently beard  hiring the I rial by   court-ninrtia.1   oi    the  -.t-iulor Dreyfus.  Tho largest and by far tho most important  prison iu the capital is Muzas, both as ro- ,  .;nrds the ntimber and,the "quality" of the  ���������irisoncr...1 Of.all persons condemed by the  iiibuni'.ls ol Paris only those who are to  .serve a term of  ON'!-' ykaii on LESS  ,omain in the capital. ' The others are sont  o one of the twenty-six penitentiary houses  ii'lhcpiovinccs.  , The Ma/.i-.s covers seven and a half acres,  '"heie are 1,200 cells', wh'icth shelter 1,150  iirisoi.ers. * The coll." measure 11 feet 10  .iticho:] in length, are 0 icut and a half wide  :n'd about fl leet high, their capacity being  ibout, 740 cubic feet. Each prisoner is shut  ,ip in a aupn-KUu cell. A sinail window,  almost a puopholo, strongly barred, is cut  out in the wall, thu pris-oiiur being at liberty  :o open and close it at will. ItJela in  ui ithot* a great amount of light, nor a great  quantity or air. ' There in one chair in each '  cell and it is cheinud to tlio wall. Th.i pri-  -u.ier'sleups in a htimnioLk. '  Tho meis't inleteHliugobjt*cl8.*ou llie������walls  ,u*o tho Chaplain's almanacs, which mu free-  iy'difittibnted amnng tho priioiier". They  contain good moral 'advice ami bohti tugu-  ���������iicjnts to'prove thnt tin* wnrol'criminil may,  later on, lead u good life. Some,, of these  almanacs con lain short stories, and the  'subject of moro than one of them ia the  wonderful cfecapes made by criminals from  prisons. Thest almanacs constitute the  rei.ding matter of most of tho prisonera.  All tho door*, aio of solid oak, tind have a  little hole in the top, through which the  word or enn keep an eye on the prisoner.  Tho warders aecm tu bu prisoners .tiieni-  mjIvcs. lhey always talk in an undertone,  never laugh, niid,���������vvero 'it not for their  cobtuiiip, would often be mistaken for their '  charges: , Tnoy never leave a cell wil bout  taking the precaution of walking backwards. The director of tho prison alone  is allowed to mlliut punishniontb, and his  powers iu this res-'bet tire limited to five  days' dungeon. Orders from the Pi elect  of Poli'co are necessary for anything  boyoud this penally.   ,<  Prisoners woik eight or nine hours a  day at itiatmaking, bootmaking, or tailoring, and are allowed ono hour's fresh air  and walking exercise. Only piiaonera who  have been condemned are compelled to  work. , i.  The prison has shc.ltcied M. Dtumont,  the editor of Lil-icl'truli-, vl.o I'tis just  returned fiom Ids voluntaiy exile in Belgium, and other well-known oditors. Mniiy  deputies have been conGned here ulso.  Like tho journalists,they itrcjalways able to-  order iheir meals from- an outfide ro&'lnur-  ent, to reside'in a largo and woll-furnished  room and to receive frequent visits from  their friends. No out! feels thnt ho is  serving a term and  NO  DISaitAOK  IS ATTACH EI)  to a sen ton ce executed at Sniute-Pelar-ie.  The Petite Itoquotte is reserved for boys  tuber thc ago of sixteen." Half of the  inmates are sent down by tlioir parents us  mcorrigibles, the other half being coudemn*-,,  ed by the uourts. A ������ystain, of education  is in practice hero,1 and , the boys aro all  compelled during a cert tin number of  hours each day to make coppe- chains and  nails. Many of these youngsters wero  once "gavrocheo" in the streets of P..ri.s. ,  La Giuntle lioqucttc lias been surnrimed  "tlie nnto-ehi.inber of tho guillotine," and  the discipline- is very severe. When nr  execution takes place in Pariti,the condemned prisoners are led direct, from the  Grain!.! ' Requeue to the Place de la  Requeue,  where the guillotine is erected.  One of the most curious scenes lo bo  witncHaod at this prison is tlio final examination of prisoners about to be tntubjiortod  for life. . They are first shaved���������chin,  cheeks and head, the last so roughly' that  it is made to look like a zebra's back. Then  they are stripped ol nil clothing. Wnrd-Ks  next examine their mouths iunl- persons.  Two assistants finally lay hold of the prisoner, bend him tt.rwnrd, uitikc him cough,and  then slap him on the stomach, so that ho is  compelled to vomit anything eecreted in  his hotly, a little file, for instance, or somo  other specially mtido instrument. A batch  of convicts wero despatched lo the lie of  Re on the wost coast of France, a few days  ago.' They will be transported by tiie first  vessel to Now Caledonia.  The City's Pitfalls.  Idle Tim���������Phew 1 Never had sioh a, narrow   escape   in  all   the-years   I've   been-  trnmpin..    Vhese ore big cities is full of  pitfalls for the unwary.  Tattered   Tom���������What   happened   ye ?  Idle Tim���������I went into that big buildin,  to tell me tale of woo, and where d'ye  .think.1 found meseif? It was an employment offiae;���������an twenty different person!  offered mo work afore I could get out.  ... He Could  Not Leave,  The boy stands on the burning deck,  The flames'about him glow;  He smiles, because.he knows at home  :   He'd have to shovel snow THE   KOOTENAY   MAIL.  SKKIiJ  I i   T.'nn.iTflTl A T Tf7 A mTfYKT     but they caused so much trouble in  Mouk-  dcn that they have been sent off to a neighboring city, to do   their part in  checking  the Japanese advance.    Their   departure  Millions   Stolen by Mandarins Since \ has not healed all   feuds,   however, as   ihe  the V/ar Be^an. original    Manchu   guard   is    at   sword's  points    with    the   Chinese   troops.     The  ttcrormn In llie Army Prevented by Hatred  orrorclsiKTS anil Corruption���������You sran -  iireltcn's I'lnni-Wholesale Executions���������  In  Be.arch of tlie Treasure or ..Eonktlen,  There is a great deal of talk here among  all foreigners in regard to the utter collapse  of the scheme of the Chinese nulhoritie3 for  reorganizing their army and navy, says a  letter from Shanghai. Tbe capture of the  Kow   Shing arid the'notoriety   which ,it  ��������� brought upon Major Von Hdnuecken called  .-mention to the efforts of this able army  officer to put China's navy in presentable  condition. There is no question that Viceroy Li, had assured the Major , that lie  should have .carte blanche m reorganizing  both tho navy and the army. Under any  otliercondiiionait would hnvo been hopeless  for this foreign officer to undertake the  sorvico. It is plain that the Major did not  liinember tho experience of Chinese Gordon  jver thirty years ago, or he would not have  , jet about what every old resident in Shanghai regarded as an''impossible task.  After the capturo of   the Chinese  trans'-  port, Von Htnnecken  made his   way back  .   to this place.    Here ho   dropped   the  plan  of doing'anything with  the navy,  leaving  'i>ld Admiral Ting in supremo charge.    The  ,    rdmiral is a good sailor, and, from a Chinese  standpoint; a fair disciplinarian, but he has  no competent lieutenants,   and   the   utter  inadequacy  of his  plans   has   been clearly  1 howu hi the battle of the Yalu, the fiasco at  ��������� Port Arthur, and just now in the 20mplete  destruction of the'Chinese navy at' Wei-  Hal* Wei. Money enough has been, spent  within she last six months to put the  Chinese navy in charge of  ���������COMPETENT FOREIGN"' OFFICERS,  and thus to make it a formidable rival of  Admit al Ito's fleet; but the money'appropriated has been squandered in the usual  Chinese fashion, and now the Gulf of  Pechili is left without a defender and the  way to Pekin is open to the Japanese army.  Major Von Haunecken, when he arrived  ��������� m ' Shanghai,   announced   a'   brand , now  ,-<*ischemo for the thorough reorganization of  ihe Chinese army. ' His plan was good from  1 a European point of view, as ic comprised  the thorough 'over-hauling of all the  regiments and   the  placing of   competent  *   foreign officers   in   charge.    Viceroy   was  " understood to give it his  favor, but   there  the   whole  thing stopped,    The   Imperial  ,' Council could not be got to consider it, and  the elaborate plans of the  Major are now  lying pigeonholed alone with many  other  projects of reform for China.,  ,    The utter absurdity of the scheme is seen  in the, assumption that   in the midst of a  war a great work like the reorganization of  '  nn army could be pushed ihrough in a  few  weeks, whereas it has taken Japan   nearly  twenty years to accomplish the same result.  In Japau rulers and people in'recent years  - have both united in adopting European  customs and making the army efficient. In  China,' on the other hand, the hatred of  foreigners and the disinclination to ad opt any  '    European ideas pre as strong as they were  I*,      twenty years ngo.    Only a very small number  of Chinese,' who   are inferior   officers  under   ihe Viceroy,   have  any familiarity  with European methods, or any liking  for  ..them.    The great mass of hsnCeso   officials  are   bitterly   opposed   to   foreign   ideas,  because   tHey see in   them   the   practical  death of all opportunity for the   wholesale  stealing which is now   prevalent in  overy  branch of tho Chiue3o service/  ��������� '      No one who has not watched the spasmodic efforts of Viceroy Li to furnish troops  to meet the  Japanese can   have   any idea  of  THE UTTER DEMORALIZATION"  ' of all branches 'ot the public service in  China. Therecruitswhohavepassedthrough  Shanghai were the most forlorn looking  specimens that any one ever saw outside of  refugees from famine districts. TThey seam  '.o have been gathered up from the gutters,  ���������ind their armament was such that they  could never do any effective fighting even  if they had the spirit.  Some day this  story   of  tho   wholesale  frauds committed by Chinese mandarins in  furnishing   troops  will   probably be printed. - i ,  Any ono may learn  some curious "stories  '. , fr. m the agents of European aud American  manufacturers   of   arms in   regard  to the  ���������i.ethods   of   Chinese* oflloials.    Although  money has been appropriated   and   edicts  issued   for the purpose   of  the   latest improved rifles and other arms, tho mandarins  to   whom   these   orders   were, sent   have  .   bought up antique  carbines  ancl musket.',  , with any old   fixed ammunition that they  could scrape up, aud   have furnished'those  as equipment for the armies to be sent t'o  the front.    'I he result was seen at the battle of Ping Yang,  when three-quarters of  the arms found on the field were of obsolete  make,   with  ammunition   that didn't fit.  The same thing is seen in the  shellc und  ,    other ammunition   furnished for the forts.  In the  few months since the war has been  go ine   on  millions of   dollars   have   been  squandered iu this barefaced way, and tho  greater part of the money has gone directly  into the pockats of the thieving mandarins.  Reports from the outposts in   the north  show that, the orders issued for  recruits  htj.ve been practically   ignored.    Iu  some  places, as in Shensi,  the   General in  command committed  suicide when   the order  came for him to march to Corea ; hia   lieutenant, under tho circumstances, wrote,for  further orders, and was behcadetl  for his  hesitation.    The Viceroy sent a small body  of picked troops to Shensi to  sec that the  orders wero enforced, and these mon wero  kept busy lopping ofF the  heads of those  who refused to obey orders or who tried to  desert.    Finally,   the   required   force was  started on its march,   but  no  preparations  wero made for  food or fuel,   and this so-  called army was expected to  SUBSIST OH TnE COUNTRY  during its march of .SOO or 400 miles. This  is a fair specimen of tho way the Chinese  provinces have supplied men for tho  imperial army.  Accounts rocei, jd from Moukdon show  that this ancient capital will bo pretty  sure to fall into the hands of the Japanese  tho first moment an army corps is able to  invest it. The garrison has beon increased  recently by 4,0l,() men from Kirin and 8,000  men from Chihli. These forces uro pretty  fairly armed, but from the moment, of their  arrival there was trouble with the large  'detachment of Hunan troopH who have  beon quartered in the city for some time.  Those moieare tho boat fighters iu-tho army,  Manchus have been in control ot Moukden  for many years, and they have caused  much hostility on the port of the recent  arrivals by their domineering ways. They  are not strong enough in numbers to insist  upon good discipline, and the result is that  fighting and robbery are of daily occurrence  inside the city walls. Trade is practically  deed, and many of the merchants' have  returned to China.   , "  What the truth is in regard to the great  treasure supposed to be buried in Moukden  or near by cannot be ascertained. Chinese  who know tho city well dsolare > that the  treasure has not been removed, and that  spies from the -Japanese army or traitors  from their own'camp have given'tho Japanese commanders a clear idea of the location  of the treasure'. Certainly the diversion  of so large a Japanese force into the henrt  of Manchuria in midwinter goes far to bear  out this theory. The cold* is ho terrible  that even the hardiest /apanuse arc unable  to push on except at a snail's pace, but the  fact that tbe greater part of the force ou  the rond to Moukden is slowly nearing tho  city 'is taken here as proof that the  Japanese are bent on securing this treasure,  in order lo recoup tho nation for tho great  expenses of tho war.  PKAOICAL'FARMING  THE COLDEST WINTER.  .Scientists   Tliinlc    That   Tliere,  Viiiuriil Lit->r nt Work  The moat notable thing about the spell of .���������<1 ejry  cold weather through which we have passed  s its widespread'inteusity. All Europe has  been in the grasp of tho ice king, and his  antics are more talked about than those of  any other monarch. In far Asia japaneso  sailors were frozen to death while training  their guns on tlie Chinese forts and fleet at  Wei-Hai-Woi,'and even in Northern Africa,  snow fell for the first time in so -long a  period that grown men gazed at it with  wonder. ' , '  What does it all mean ? Scientists have  been at work for years to figure out a law  of climatic and weather changes, and their  conclusion is that' it takes between thirty  and thirty-five years to get from the extreme  ot heat to the extreme of cold. ' Just why  this is they cannot tell, but their delving ]  into the old records convinces them that  there is some natural law at' work, and  that sooner or later it will be discovered. ,.  Five years ago a Swiss professor, Brueck-  ner by    name, published   a   book,   called  Preventing Smut in Grain.  Smut grows(from minute fungous spores  clingiDg to the seed grains, so that if there  arc no' live smut germs upon the grain  sown, no fungous threads will grow into  the plant tissues of the crop, and no smut  spores will be fruited upon the resulting  grainB of wheat or,oats. By stirring the  seed grain in cold water for half an hour,  many of the smutty grains will float out  and' many bo skimmed oft. The best  remedy is to soak the seed grain in hot  water at 13*2 ������' F, which not only destroys  the smut spores, but hastens the sprouting  and improves* the vigor of the resulting  crop, A basket or bag through which the  hot water passes to the seed is lifted up  and clown in a barrel or lank of water  which must bo kept at from 130������ F to  -i;.5 ������ F for 15 minutes, when the grain is  dipped into cold water to cool, and then  spread out to dry. Solutions of chemicals  may injure the germ mat i tig power of the  grain, but they have long been successfully  used for the burnt smut of wheat, and the  loose smut of oats. Where a grain drill is  to bo used, washing for a short time in a  1 strong solution is preferable to a long soaking in a weaker fluid. Ono lb. copper  sulphate (blue vitriol) dissolved iu 7 qts to  3 gals ot water makes strong solutions tor  thoroughly wetting,-10 to 15 bu. grain,  which is then dried by mixing well  with a little laud plaster or 'slaked lime,  is Some j On using 20 gals water, soak for' 12 hours,  I wash in strong limewater for 10 minutes,  One lb. potassium sulphide (liver  of sulphur) dissolved iu 10 gals water will  soak out the smut in 12, hours if tbe grain  ia stirred occasionally ; or using 20 gals  water 24 hours' soaking will be needed  before drying the grain. ,   ���������  offensive and unhealthful gases that arise  I from tightly floored stables with no drainage  ( facilities. Proper drainage insures a more  wholesome atmosphere, and the liquid excrement, drained to a tank, is worth as a  fertilizer several dollars per cow 'annually.  Giye Animals Time to Drink.  Young animals are sometimesslowto drink  cold water. Be patient It,does not pay-  to drive them away from the trough before  they have drunk.  jGrowing   Tomatoes- by   the' Acre.  It is difficult to say wnich is the best  single variety of tomato, there are so many  good ones. The Paragon has always given  satisfaction, but in the homo garden it is a  good plan to plant a small and a' seedling.  The seeds should be sown in cold frames a  month or Bix weeks before tho -plants are  wanted for planting out. . The plant-i  should be ready by tho time frosts are  over., There are, several- ways of-growing  tomatoes, but a plan which is liked very  much by many, especially when not more  than an acre is planted, is as follows :  After'plowing tbe soil thoroughly and then    _    _   harrowing in a half or  whole ton   of some  appeuV'thatone'of "the culminating periods good fertilizer, check off the land five by  ot extreme cold would come, around ' five feet, and at-each intersection ot the  about this time���������perhaps in tHis very year | furrows-drive down a stout stake lSinches           -    - .... .        in the soil, leaving tliree feet above.    In a  triangle about this stake 'set three plants,  Climatic Oscillations   Since 1700,"1- und  strangely enough,   his   calculations made it  to be followed by gradually increasing  warmer weather, winch is scheduled to  reatjh its highest point about the end of tho  first quarter of tho next century.  1 While wo think of our present sufferings,  we may,otherefore, turn for consolation to  1925 or 1930, and revel in the anticipation  of the mildest winter that wo can seuuro in  this latitude.  THE DIARY OF FIFTY-TWO YEARS.  An. Economical    Fi-eiichitiiiiiV  Record of  Kvery Sou Spent in litis Life.  Through his death the world at largo has  just learned of tho existence of an eccentric  Parisian who has left behind him a set of  account books extending over the last fifty-  two of his seventy-three years of life, and  which contain the most minute record of  his daily-expenses. Had Shakespeare or any  other great man whose history is little  ijiiown''Ieft such statistical sidelight on his  character, posterity might have found  therein sufficient material from which to  deduce a tolerably full and accurate  biography.  ,. It appears from the expense books of  this individual, whose nnnie has not  reached this side of tho , Atlantic, that  ho smoked aliout three cigars daily, tho  actual number consumed during tho fifty-  two years being 62,Sll, of which , 4,3(j!)  were given to him. The remaining 58,442  cost him ������1,179, or about two cents apiece.  To any one who has ever tried a,two-sou  cigar m Paris this explains why he smoked  bo few in a day, but. not bow he managed  to live seventy-three years. He was moderate, likewise, in his expenditures for  clothing, and during ihe period covered by  his books he-had made or bought ready  made onlv 85 pair of trousers, which cost  ������460.11 ;"74 coats aud vests, ������790.78, and  62 pairs of shoee, ������.'130.55. He bought 29S  shirts and "devtints" and 32(5 collars for  ������2-*r),S5. *He was evidently a good walker,  for he spent but ������42S.50 in omnibuses and  tramways. " >  In fifteen years lie drank according to  his account books, 28.7SG glasses of beor,  of which 21,2(51 were "demis." For this  beer and for tho S0,0S1 "little glasses" of  cognac, otc., he spent ������5,3.50, plus ������1.506  in tips.  There is much more information in these  expense books, but some of it would not  look well in print, from our pouitof view,  though tlie French papers make comments  which might bo considered funny on some i  of the items. <  12 or 15 inches from_the stake. Before  tho plants fall over'^encircle' them ,and  stake with a broad strong baud, drawing  the plants'in just a little. It the band is  placed about 15 inches,from the ground it  will be sufficient to hold up the fruit from  the ground ; but if tho vines grow very  iarge a second band may be put on .later,  but'-ono is usually enough. Each hill  should yield, 'at the very lowest, if the  land is good, a peck of tomatoes. At five  by five feet'there will,he 1,742 stakes or  lulls, and with three* plants to the hill it  will require 5,226 plants per acre." If preferred, two plants may be set to the stake,  and the hills reduced to a distance of five  by four feet, using 4,356 plants per acre.  TAKING DEEP SOUNDINGS AT SEA.  Answer to   un   Oft-Asticd1.   -luestion���������Inky  [tarkness and rreezi:i'<; fold.  How is the sea sounded ? The Popular  Science Monthly answers that question as  follows : "A ship regularly engaged in deep  sea sounding usually has the sounding machine mountedot theafter-end, and when  about to sound is brought to a .standstill  with tho stern to the sea. The Btray line,  with the sounding-rod and sinker attached,  is over the guide, pulley and carefully lowered to the water's edge, the register is sol  to zero and the deep-sea Uiormometer is  clamped tothesouuding line, which controls  tho velocity with which the wire is unreeled,  another at the brake and a third on the  grating outside to handle the sinker and  instruments, and to guide the wire as it  passes overboard; a machinist is at the  hoisting engine, and the recorder takes a  position for reading 'the register. ' When  thesiukor is let go the vessel is maneuvered  so as to keep the wire vertical, and friction  line is adjusted so as to allow it tci'descend  from seventy to one,hundred fathomB per  minute. The instant the sinker strikes bottom, w'liish is unmistakably indicated by  tho sudden release of tho wire from strain,  the reel is stopped by the friction line aid  brake; tho recorder notes the number of  turns of the reel. In an hourthis messenger  of man's ingenuity makes it excursion  through* five miles of .watery waste to' the  abysmal regionaof perfect repose, and brings  to the surface ,the soil with which the rain  of shells of minute infusorialorganisms from  the upper waters has heen for ages mantling  the ocean's floor. .Hero and,there a giant  peak rising from these''sunless depths lifts  his head to see the ������ky, and the dredge'and  trawl tell us-., that along his rugged sides,  and on tlie hills and plains below, and even  in the inky blackness aiid free/dug cold of  the deepest valleys, there  is life."  Mil} IN COHORT.'-  CARRIAGES"  LIGHTED  NOW    HEATED   AND  BY   ELECTRICITY.  Storage Hatter*? Under (he Sent���������By To.ielt-  iiiK a tuition tin; Orcuptint Miiy In- as  Comfortable  i,f> In His ."-trior at Home  Electricity has been put to a novel use  oy a gentleman in lighting and heating his  brougham. The device is so simple that it  s strange < nothing of the kind had been  doi, Defore. In coldest weather the 'earns u is warmed'to any desired temperature  an dthe interior is so light that reading is  possible at night.      '���������    , - <      , ���������  Under the coachman's seat isr a storage  battery, very small and compact, and in  cased in a box fifteen inches long and eight  ���������nches deep. Technically it is a chemical  battery; consisting of five cells of two 'volts  each and with a normal discharge of ten  amperes. ,  The battery cun be charged by connecting  with any incandescent light'wire and will  run all the lights aiid heat the brougham  for seventy hours. As these aro in use for  ouly a few hours each day, charging is  necessary but once or tsvice a month. Then  the battery is easily removed from beneath  the seat and connected with a wire.  .- ,  Four incandescent lightB are placed on  the carriage, two outside 'and two inside.  Ordinary incandescent bulbs aie inserted  in the glass lamps beside the coachman's  seat aud are connected by'invisible wires  with the battery. A little switch on the  side of the seat enables the driver, to light  or extinguish them at will. '   ���������  Inside the brougham lamps of a different  pattern are - used. Tucked in the back  upper corners are two ground-glass globes,  oval iu form but an inch or two from the  wood work." These globes just fit across  the corners and do not in any way interfere  ANTS' TALK;  A  Dairy Pointers.  Beauty is only'skin deep, even in a cow.  No cow can keep, a sweet temper when  her owner has a sour one.'  The cow that gets kicked  kicks back by  shrinking her milk.   '     b ,  \   " c* .,  It is not so much the quantity, of fluid in  the milk pail that counts, as does tbe num."  ber cf butter globules it contains.  ������" Train up a heifer in the way she  should  go, and when she is a cow she will not depart from it. ��������� ', ,,  Cows seldom grow long hair except in a  cold stable. Then it js ft blessed provision  of nature. ' ,    .  No cow n^edsa board hung over her face,  or a poke around her neck, ou a farm where  ther-.! are" good fences.  It never pays to overcrowd the pasture  or stable with cows. Make tho farm larger,  or the dairy smaller.  A cow is different from a child, in that  sho can never be spoiled by too much petting. Speak softly, milk gently, and she  becomes at once your profitable friend.  Winter sunshine is always good for dairy  animals, if it doci not reach them through  a   rosty air.  Some cows are older and less profitable  at eight years of age than others' are at  twelve. Difference in care is 'the causo of  it.  HORROR IN()ST0RE FOR CHINA.  When the Wiirm Weather Sets . fn n  Frightful .Outbreak or resilience  Rin}* ICrcul: Oiil In lhc Chinese Annies  In the United Servioe Magazine there  is un article by Col. Maurice, C. B., on the  war between China and Japan, which will  arrest attention.' Col. Maurice predicts  fearful things for tbe Chinese. " A vision  of horror," he says, "?ias been long floating  beforo my eyes as to what is going to happen  before ,tho war comes to an end.'J Tho  Chinese authorities are now boasting that  they havo gathered lound Pekin half a  million of men. Discipline or organization  there is none., The Chinese ,have not the  faintest notion ot the most ordinary mih-,  tary or sanitary precautions. , " What will  happen when the snow, fouled by hundreds  ot thousands of men and animals, melts in  the spring ? Ever since tbe naval battle of  tbe Yalu the accumulation of ill-disciplined  soldiery has been going on. So grave is tho  dauger even for a civilized army to' be loug  gathered on one spot that it is the rule ot  armies only to concentrate actually for-the  piupcso of battle, audaoQoconpy a wide  area before and afterward. Even with  cilized armies one reason for it is the impossibility of maintaining for a few weeks  or even days such conditions of health as  will prevent tho outbreak of serious ep,Ldem-  ics. As soon as the warm weather sets in  iu the spring the consequence of all this  must be a frightful .outbreak of pestilenco  in some form or other, probably in many  formSjbut beginning with maiiguanttyphus  in itsmojt virulent .shape." The etlorts  to effect a peace, may fail, the Japanese  armiesniay move forward slowly, theauthori-  ties at Pekin may get a little heart again as  they see lbe difficulties befote the invaders,  but when the weather moderates and the  mild scasrm begins, the Chinese will have  in all probability, a foe to contend,-with  vastly more unsparing than the foreign  sword.  Vfjr;.  Crime in Bulfrilo.  A despatch  from Buffalo.  N,   Y,. says :  ���������Housebreaking, robbeiy, and assault are  of nightly  occurrence   in   3ufl'alo.    Every  moruingono or more of the   precinct   cap.  tains reports some  crime of this  sort, but  the boldest   job   clone   hers in   years   was  reported Friday   morning.    A  tough   rang  the door-bell at the house of Prof. Tngg, on  Allen street.   His fifteen-year-old daughter  auswercd   the door,   whereupon tho ruffian  sprung into the hall, caught   her   by   the  t fir oat with one baud, and  with  the other  forcod a cloth saturated   with  chloroform  agniust tier nostrils and mouth.    She sank  unconscious to the floor, while tho   hurg'-ar  ransacked the  house.    Evidently   he   was  frightered away, for nothing of value  was  taken,and the girl was not molested further.  The police  aro   without a, clue other   than  the meagre description given by the girl.  Two Spirits.  First Spirit (at tho gnto)���������Every Lenten  Benson I woro aackcloth and ashes.  St. Peter���������Wait   outside   until   I    can  examine the rest of your ���������  Second Spirit���������I always    s'bv...  the front pavement.  St. Peter���������Come in.  The Best Hens.  Tho most profitable breed of hena for  farmers, who live away from the city markets, is the leghorn. They more than make  up in eggs for what they lack as fleah producers. Poultry raisers of, our northern  states have to send their dressed poultry  to market at a time when prices are ,low.  Fancy prices are obtained just beforo cool  'weather, but there is risk in sending dress  ed poultry 200 or 300 miles by express in  hot weather. Leghorns are easier to raise  and the pullets mature at lca3t a month  earlier than tho heavy breeds. Pullets  hatched in May make winter layers. They  are active and not likely to accumulate fat  during the fall and winter, which puts a  stop to laying. Some object to their large  combs,.which are likely to freeze ; but all  hens, to he profitable, must have houses  warm enough lo prevent such injury.  White Leghorns lay fully as well and are  more inclined to sit than thoso of the  brown variety, besides having no colored  pinfeathers, which makes them look better  dressed.  To  Feed Wheat Without Grinding.  Into a kerosene barrel put four bushels  of wheat. Brfng 2rj gallons of water  to a boil and pour over the wheat. Cover  the barrel with a cloth, let it stand for 24  hour?. It will then bo throughly, cooked  aud ready for feeding.  Tw6 Great Needs.  Venti'lation and drainage are the great  needs of the modern da'-ry barn, which  has be mi built too close and warn: of late  years.    Nothing is more injurious than th_  DEATHBED   MURDER   CONFESSION  Tabb Ulllcil White In a- C-nmbllnsr .Jimi-  ret nnd Committed Arson to Conceal  the Crime.* I'.iglit, Yearn A������ii.  A special from Oentraha, 111., says that  in 1SS7 Pavoy & Allen did a mercantile  business iu Mount Vernon, 111. Tho senior  member of the firm was Gen. W. C. Pavsy,  eX'Auuitor of tho State ofTllinois. In tho  employ   of the   firm was   a   man    named  White. '  One night in tho summer of ISS7 the  store building burned, anil was a total lo'is.  White roomed m the building, and his  charred body was found in the debris. Tlio  origin of the fire was a mystery, nnd a still  gronter mystery w*;s why White did not  get out, as tbe exit wus qui to easy. c  W. I). Tabb has been a ptominunteitizeii  of Mount Vornon for many yenis. and haa  frequently held public office. A few weeks  ago ho wan the victim of pneumonia. When  it became positive to him that bo could not  recover, he sent for Con. I'avoy and confos-  sod that he was in Whites' room on tlio  night of tho lire. They were gambling; u  quarrul arose, resulting in a fight, and in a  fit of passion Tabb killed Whito.  In tho desperation of the moment, Tabb  firod the building and allowed White's body  to burn to conceal'tho crime Aftor Tnbb's  death the friends of ihejauiily attempted  to suppress tho particulars, but they wore  of such importance that they havo become  generally known and fully verified.  (A���������Inside lights. B���������Heater. C���������Outside lights. D ���������Thermometer. E ���������  Switches for; lights and heater. ]?���������Storage batteries.) ' ' ''  A  CARBIARl. TITAT IS   I-IOSWED ASD   HEATED  BV  EI-KCTKICITY.  .with the heads of the occupants of the seat  beneath. Wires running beneath the upholstery aud along the floor connect with  the storage battery. Though quite small,  these lamps give brilliant light to the interior of the carriage. t,  Beneath the front seat' is the heater,  which is simply a coil of high-resistauce  wire around an iron plate two teet long and  eight inches wide. It ia incased in an iron  frame and put in such position that occupants of the rear seat can place their feet  Upon it. When the current'is turned on  this heater raises the temperature to SO  degrees in a few minutes.  In the front corner is a small the-rmomo-  ter, so placed that if the carriage is empty  the coachman can see it fiom his seat  through the front vyindow and regulate the  temperature by means of-a-switch at his  side.  The arrangement of buttons to govern  the current has been devised. Each inside lamp ia controlled by,a button on  either side of the door. Buttons to regulate the heater are in the same places.  The coachman from his1 seat can light the  outBide lamps and   turn on the heat inside.  "I am,goicg to add one thing more," says  tho gentleman, "and that ia an arrangement to do away with the necessity of recharging the storage battery. By putting  a small generator that would not be  noticed on the axle of the,carriage and  gearing it with the wheel ,the battery will  constantly be kept charged. Though I am  not an electrician, the subject has always  been a hobby of mine, "and I fitted out my  brougham with appliances that can be  purchased in almost any eleciricaf eatablish-  ment. ,  "The comfort that can bo derived from  a lighted and heated carriage makes riding  a real pleasuie. When the' carriage is  waiting the coachman can turn on the heat  at tho proper tin" and by looking through  the window behind his seat aee the thermometer and keep the temperature at the  right degree. ,  '"Carriages propelled by electricity I  confidently believe to, bo a possibility, and  I expect to ride in my ��������� carriage without  horses within tbreo,years from to-day."  An   I ii kc nio nit     Metltoii   <>r   Listening to -  '   Their Conversation.  ' That ants are capable ot producing  sounds intelligible to iheir fellows and even  audible to our ears seems to be proved by  the experiments of Sir John Lubbock,  Landois, Robert Wraughton, of Bombay,  C. Janet, Forel, E. Warstnanu aud others.  It also deems lo be determined thai the  sounds are produced by the rubbing ,together-of superficial poi lions of the body.  A simple yet ingenious contrivance ia de-'  scribed for enabling on obrerver to hear  and study theae aouuds. A 'glass t'uiuel  i3 set, small ond down, in the middle of a  square of window glass of five or six inches .  wide,' fitting closel}' enough to prevent the  insects crawling out tin dor it A bunch of  nuts about as large as a chestnut aud fteo  from foreign substance is droppsd through  the tunnel, and that is lifted up at oni-ei  While the ants are still confused, and  b;fore,,auy oi thorn can reach the edgo of  the glass, it'is covered with another square '  like it, which lias been ^.surrounded, a  short dirltince from its edijo by a pad of  putty. This confines tiie ants and prevonts  their being crushed, Tho two platen of  class are pressed together to within the  thickness of an ant's body, but clo-icr oh  one side than on the .other, so an to hold  Bomo tight and 'leave others free to lake  such positions as please lliem. "  Ou applying this box of ants to' the car  as one would a watch, a regular bu/./.iug  may he heard like that of water boiling in  anvop'un vessel, and ,with it'some very  clear siridulatious. The ants may bo kept  alive sevoral hours, and even duys, in this  prison if it is not air-tight; nnd whenever  the ants are excited tho stridnlations may  be heard'very uunierous and intense. The  stridulaiions are supposed to be produced '  by rubbing,tbe rough Fcaly surface of the  cnitinous covering, which is describod as  looking, when seen in ono direction undor '  the-microscope, like tbe teeth of a,saw.  STONE CANNON  Ile.vvn Out <������r the Living ICock ol' Hnltn.  Tho most wonderful "cannons ou record  'are those which are described by Brydone,  whose travels in Sicily and Malta won well-  deserved renown toward the end of the hist  century. Many facts and atories he recounts  that seem strangely'old world to ua,though  the date is - little more tbnn a hundred  years' ago, so grandly did tho French  revolution transfjrm Europe.,  Malta .was full of wonders more or leas  droll while the Knights held' it. But  nothing equaled the stone guns. Everybody  knows that the fortifications were cut outs  of the solid rock, but Brydone was right in  saying that a kind of ordnance used to  defend them was unknown to all tho world  besides.   .  ��������� As we understand his description, the  Knights left u, great block, of stono . where  rthey hollowed out an embrasure in tho cliff,  which afterward they shaped aud bored in i.  thu form of a gigantic mortar. Thefte engines contained a whole barrel of gnu-,  powder. ' That shoveled iu, they plugged  it with a great piece of wood, fitted exactly  to the bore,as wadding, and loaded up with  cannon balls, shells, and other deadly  materials. '  About 50 of these romarkable guns commanded the spots which a hostile ship was  most likely to approach. "The mouths of  some are six feet wide, and they are able  to throw 10,000 pounds' weight of balls or  stones." , The range is not stated, but the  falling projectiles covered an area, of over  300 E.quaro yards. ' '        . '  How The Saviour Talked.  All of the notable discourses of the Saviour  wero delivered while ho was sitting. Contrary to a general improssion he always  wore a white sudar, the ond of which hung  down his shoulders. Over hia tunic,which  reached to tho hands and foot, was a blue  tallith, with the prescribed tassels at tho  four corners. It was so thrown over him  and so> rreid together that the gray red-  striped undergarment was little seen, and  his . feet,; which had sandals, 'were , seldom  seen, except when he moved.  Drinking Habits.  The Scotoh and Irish, within about a  century, have become a whisky-drinking  people, but it cannot be said that they aro  less sober tlu������n the English. On lho fair  days in the South oMreland there is much  drunkenness, though pcrhupa of 'less noiay  character than iu the North of England.  Tho drunken man is guarded by a sober  friend, or a wife or sister, and the brawls*  which follow aro not more iiiimcroim or  murderous than in  London.'  A village of a thousand inhabitants may  it U true, havo forty public houses, but'  drunkenness depends more on the quality of  liquor than on tlm number of places where  it can be bought. The evil is quite as groat  in thc larger iilnnd as it is in lioland, and  as terrible a .scourge on tlio educated classes  as it is on lho peasantry. Tho drinking at  wakes i.s mill a scandal, but tlioy are conducted willi much moro decency than of  old.   A Neat Housekeeper.  Poddler���������I'm soiling tho now patent  bedroom liro-oscapes, light, portable, quickly adjusted   Bilkins���������Don't , want it. Wouldn't bo  of any uso.  But, sir, you may hnvo a hro at any  time, nnd   Suppose we should'! Supposo I should  buy that thing and tnko it home. The  Iii8t time my wifo went to sotting things  to right?, sho'd put that contrivance into  some quoor corner where it couldn't bo  found in seventeen hours.  Two stock feeders were found, frozen to  death in tho mountains of Kentucky.. Four  hunters froze to death in Louisiana.  QUEER OATHS.  n  Mow Ihe. .Indents Were Wont lo Hectare  Themselves  Hound.  ' Tho ancient Phoenicians in taking a legal *  oath, held a lamb in one hand nnd a stone  in the other, to intimate their wishes that'  Cod mignt strike them dead, aa they were  ready to do tho lamb, if they swore not  according to truth. <  Thc old Romans,, upon a like occasion,  took a pattern and cast it from them, any-,,  ing to themselves,   that   God might   casi  them away if there was any falsity iu what  they swore.  In taking or administering au oath, the  Jews slow a calf and out it asunder,* and  the person that wns to swear walked  through tho'diasected parts to conviine lho  spectators that he wished God, iu like  maniier might cut him asunder, in case ho  tnlaified his oath. t' ,  The Scoltish Highlanders used to think  slightingly of tho Lowland form of oath.  At ihe Carlisle; Asai/.eai a Highland drover,  who Ind meditated the ruin of another,  prosecuted him for horso stealing, ancl  swore positively to the fact. .This being  clone, tiio supposed criminal desired that  his prosecutor . might bo sworn in the  Highland-mnnner, and the oalh being ten-  deied him accordingly, he refused to tnko  it Buying . " Tliere is a haiillc of difference  betwix blawing on a book and damning  anoV nin soul." -   .  How Ho Broke the lee.  Many different porsoin Iind tho begin-  nig'of a conversation awkward, especially  on ceremonious occasions and with strangers. Sometimes, however, the beginning  is not half so awkward as what comes  afterward.  According to a etory in Punch, l bashful  young man said lo a lady at a dinnerparty :  I've got to take you iu to dinner, Miss  Travers, and I'm rather afraid of you, you  know. Mm. Johbois tells mo you're very  clever.  The young lady was naturally amused  by thia display of simplicity.  How absurd ! she oxclai.ncd. I'm not  a bit clever.  The man heaved a sigh uf relief, and  answered :  Woll, , do you know, I thought you  weren't.  Wanted No Quare'eling:  cncoui aging)���������I'm    aure     of  Ho   (cncoui uging)���������I'm    aure  thing, my   angel, you   and   I   w  quarrel as that couple aro doing.  - Sho (with decision)��������� Indeed   we  If you ever apeak lo me as  he did  I'll call the   olice  ll  out  neve'  won t  to her  to  Where   She Isn't.  Mi-p. Oldstylo���������Is Mrs. No wage at.home?  Servant���������Mrs. Newagois an etnaucipat-jd'  woman; ma'am.    She is Mover at homo,   i PAGE 4  THE KOOTENAY MAIL.  MARRIED.  Ldxkosm.vki���������Wat-imaki.-��������� At Olan-  willhiin. April i, 18S-5, hy Rev. C. A.  Procutiier, Nestor Lonkosinaki, and  Susana Walhuuki, both natives' of  Finland. ���������    ���������  LOCAL ITEMS.  THE BIG BEND.  Its Principal Locations and What has  Been Done on Them.  ���������    Old newspapers for sale at the Mail  office.  The Revelstoke Lumber Co.'s sawmill has heen started up this week for  the season.  Dr.' Watson, M.E., passed through  Revelstoke Monday on'his way from  Ottawa to North Bund. '     ���������,  ��������� Hot X buns, smoking hot, just come  out of the bak.-r's shop, on Good Friday,  at the f-Jakery.    Order early.    ,  Joh'imy Neilson left this morning for  Jlig Bene!, Uking nearly fifty pounds  of mail matter, mostly letters.  Owintf to the delay in arrival of some  novelties in hats, etc;., II. N. Coursier  has pont poned his millinery opening to  the 18th and 10th inst.  Mr.   Hewitt Bcihtook    arrived-from  downriver on  Thursday evening and,  remaining one day,'went west toKam-  ��������� loops on Friday. '  The Y.P.S.C.E. will hold their meeting on Monday the. Sth inst. Subject���������  Tilings to be'consecrated. Mr. Laing  will lead the meeting. All tire welcome.  II. Berk  lias  given   up working as a  sc-ctiontiiaii,    and    went   to   Tappet!  Siding a few days ago.    He.  has taken ���������  up  a farm  there, nnd his family will  J'ollovy him this week.  E. J. Millard, audi!or of the Dominion  Kxpi ess Co.. for Albert a, British Colum-"  hia and Washington, arrived from the  east on Sunday and went south  Monday morning. ���������' ^ A    ���������  ' Mails for all southern points in West  Kootenay, will t:lose at the lievelstoke ! down the river was-begtm  post office Mondays nnd .Thursdays at  3 o'clock p.m.; registered matter at  2..10 p.m. . "    "    "  The ladies of the Presbyterian church  ,;ub requestuil to meet, at Mrs. Rind's  iat '���������! p.m. on Tuesday the 0th inst. to  discuss matters of business for the  coming year.  , ,' i       ,  Ib Mt-Carty brought in aricarload of  .prime beef cattle from Ducks Wednesday ( night. Tiie trade is looking up  owing to t.hrf opening of spring business  on the river.  Driver of 592, Al. Graves, is taking a  rest at his  home in Kamloops, while  ��������� his   engine . goes   into    the   shop   for  ��������� repairs.   No. 357 is relieving 592, with  C. C. Brown at the levers.  , W. Leidy has taken  the position of  ''    engineer   at   the   Revelstoke Lumber  Co.'s sawmill' previously held  hy W.  Reid.    Mr.  Leidy handled  the  engine  '   on the C.P.R. pile driver last year on  trestle and bridge work.  John Eagan, relieving- agent, opera-  ���������   tor and despatcher for the C.P.R. was  called up from Sicauious the first tif the  week aud is installed as night operator  '   at the station implace of Frank Lyon-  nais.        , i     ,  Mr. J. A. Mara, M.P., came,-up from  Kamloops Thursday morning and went  , through to Nelson the same, evening,  lie will be gone about a week and will  then proceed to Ottawa for the session  of parliament.  It is rumored that Morgan David  will soon resign the place he has so  long held with the Lievelstoke Lumber  Co. It will be a change indeed when,  Morgan is no longer " part and parcel "  of the lumber company. ���������   '  It. is pleasant to look upon the officers  of the Columbia River fleet again after  their   wmLei   vacation  and  test,  and  , Purser Anderson was warmly welcomed upon  his  first appearance here  ;. on Thursday .evening.  The bridge across the Ulecillewaet  was finished this week. Sam Ci-owle  has hud charge of the work, McDonald  and .lulien ;i.*-sbtiti������ from the beginning, while Williamson and Bi'iiinsuii  have each worked only a few days.,,  Robert Gordon succeeds- to the place  '. so long held by Thomas Lewis, as  C.P.R. blacksmith at the roundhouse.  Mr. Gordon held the same position at  Donald three years ago. .lie. intends  soon to move his family from Vancouver, where they are now-residing.  Frank Lyonnais, who has been night  operator at Revelstoke Station for  several years, left on Monday morning  with his family for Robson. > He,  becomes agent of the Columbia &  Kootenay at that place, having earned  the promotion by long ancl satisfactory  service for the C.P.R.  Messts. Lougheed and' Die-key are at  work erecting a buileliug adjoining the  bakery of Lewis Bros'., not far from the  water tank, which is to be used as a  leetaurant by Mrs. Ross, ft is 22xM,  two storeys high, and will be convenient and well-located for the purpose fur which it is designed.  The. Good Templars of Revelstoke  have-decided to hold an old time taffy  social in their hall some evening during K-.i-.ter week. The programme will  <-r>]i-i*>t. of things, instrumental music,  rend ing.--.' recitations, speeches ancl  . lufVy or candy for all���������and all fi*ei\  Kverybody is invited, and all good  lalfy makers are kindly requested to  repnri for duty.  II. I-b M.ictitinnel! went down on  Monday inlo Southern Kootenay Lo  take lhc position of c-ontiacting freight,  agent for the C.P.R. al, NY-l.-On. in place  of J. Andc-fhou who is pi-nm<il*-d (o  Seattle in the same capacity. A. I).  S'-roggy, heretofore agent at Sea tile  under the C.P.R., becomes general  freight ancl pa-ocnger agent, of the  Seattle, Lake Shore k. Kastern.  Win. Mackie had good  luck among  the   fur-bearing   animals  this  winter.  Of nine marten I hal, came clown from  the mountain akuig the  railroad truck  near hi-> ramp, eight   were  caught, ar.d  one   escaped.     Five  mink weie killeii,  but not until they had got away with a  number of his chickens.    Last week he-  set two traps for a beaver, and  oIlVrceL  (o bet 2 to 1 thai, the  animal   would lie  caught by the hind feet,, arid he would  have    won   the   bet.    It   -van  a,   young  heaver, weighing about 501 In., and was  pretty good eating.  ~ t  Win.   Flemmiiig  has   been   mis-iing  1110,-11 from ���������M.rC'arty's slaughter   house  .T i- several weeks and 'concluded to lay.  for  the* thief   "Wednesday, night.'   It  was evidently  someone, who knew in  exactly which part of  the, e:arcase the'  best cuts  could   be  found.   Two  nie.n  made'   their   apjieaiance    during   the  nightba white man and a Chinaman--  .'and were caught in the art.    They.will  be very glad to get till!  vv t unit arrest  no doubt., and   Mjiever do  it again" if  allowed  to. go.   They were  both well  known' i'ii town.  In continuing the description of Big  Bend, begun last week, the aim 'will  not be to follow in detail the various  companies that have secured leases of  ground ou the different creeks'and  made, spasmodic efforts to work them,  or who have perhaps got hold of them  as speculators with the object of selling them out to men of capital, but  rather to give an account of legitimate  mining affairs' as they exist ati the  present time.  The Ophir Bed Hock Flume Co. has  a lease of the first ground above the  mouth of McCulIoch Creek, one mile  and a-half in length. Capt. McCallum  of Victoria, and his .English friends,  are the parties principally interested.  In the summer of 18S9 mining operations were prosecuted with fair success.  An English capitalist, A. C. Jeffries,  with James Brady, an expert on  hydraulic mining, visited the mine in  August of that' year, and on Brady's  favorable report Jeffries bought one-  teuith of the property, paying for the  same $15,000. Nothing has since been  done, except to comply with the conditions of the, lease, owing to irreconcilable disagreements among the shareholders which have involved* the property in litigation. Nothing can he  done" with tihe mine until the lawsuits  are terminated. The company' was  offered ������30,000 for ��������� the property by a,  .London firm, but the action of one  shareholder perci pi fated the trouble  and prevented the sale. '  Next above (the Ophir. three placer  claims���������the B.-ilcl Head, J3i-ickson and  Blue. Bell, on which a tunnel of 1,100  feet, costing at least'$10,000, had been  run without striking bed-rock���������were  united and named the Last Chance  Mining Co.     Anothe.r   tunnel    lower  hy the new  with an outfit of hydraulic machinery,  and also that they will take measures  to cheapen the cost of freighting into  the Beud by building a steamer.  Several valuable quartz claims were  located on Carnes' Creek last year. It  is classed as arsenical gold ore, not  difficult to treat, the cropping assaying  .is high as $47 to the ton. This is  believed to be one of the most promising finds of the year, and if not taken  over by a company will be developed  by the individual owners and discoverers.  The trails and bridges to Big-Bend  will be in good shape for early use, and  the ferry across Gold Stream, at the  mouth of McCulIoch Creek, will be  superseded liy a bridge, the contract  for the construction of which has  already been let by the Provincial  Government.  THE PLACE TO BUY  organization and ��������� another 1,109 feet of  tunnel nm without reaching bed-rock.  In the summer of ISO! a new company  was formed, including all the old stockholders that wished to remain, who  took over the property and have, since  .been drifting to find* the rim of the  channel or creek, and tho long-sought  gold deposits. The confidence with  which the 'men of this company have  prosecuted the woik, expending at  least $25,000 in time and money, i.s  sufficient proof that it is a legitimate  mining enterprise and deserves to be  successful. The name, of the' present-  company is the Mc-Cnlloch Creek Tunnel Co. They have one mile,of ground  and have vyorked with a light force  during the winter.  The North Star, one-half mile long,  lies next above. It is' ovvneei by Geo:  Laforme, Gu's Lund, John Sweeney  and Eel. Sullivan. Four men .worked  on it all last winter'and part of the  summer, and will start on it again in,  the spring of 1S05.        ��������� -   '  . Next above the North Star, one-half  mile long, is a 'claim owned In- Wm.  Kirkup and Andy Whblen (decreased)'.'  It is a hydraulic claim, prospects well,  and some gold was taken out last summer. The remainder of the creek to  the. headwaters was worked out to bedrock in the early time.   ���������-  The"head of McCulIoch Creek was  named Groundhog Basin by the: early  miners. As many probably as' thirty  quartz claims have been located there.  Some of them assay well; free gold can  be seen in nearly all of them ; veins  usually S to 15 inches wide; but no  development work has been done on  any of them.  French Creek flows intoGokl Stream  twelve miles above the Columbia River.  Tlie first locatiou on 'the creek is the  Honduras, a bench claim,'owned by  McRae and Maelsen. A ,tunnel has  been dtiven about 40, feet and the  owners aie preparing to work it next  summer. The next half-mile-is called  the Nugget, a placet- claim, owned by  .Thomas Hennessey and Geo. Fisher.  Five men have worked all summer and  three this winter. A shaft is being  sunk to bed-rock and the'.intention is  to work right along. ' Shaft house?,  pump and hoisting works are ready,  and it is likely that gold will be taken  out from the start.  The next location on the opposite or  east side of the creek is a bench "claim,  one-half mile long, owned hy a Fair-  haven or Bellingham .Bay company.  They have hael five men employed,  during the summer'and are prepared'  to begin early this spring. Tney have,  already taken out gold and have much  encouragement.  The Gold Hill next above on tbe  west side of the creek, one mile long, is  owned hy Angus Beaton and Frank  Vandall. They have had five men employed all summer and four a portion  of the vvintei. This is one of the best  claims on French Creek and has proved  its  value  by  producing  about   $6,000  ; Big Bend News.   ,  ,t        _^___  Win. Long, one of the shareholders  of the McCulIoch Creek Tunnel Co.,  arrived down Tuesday evening. The  company hael drifted 225 feet, and then  sunk a blind shaft 23 feet, when the  work was stopped by water, which was  considered an indication that they  were near the giavel. The company  will have a meeting here at once when  it will be considered whether work  shall be continued on the present lines  or the old Fort Yale shaft of ���������'1886,  which proved to he rich at a depth of  9-1 feet, shall be cleaned out by pumping and drifts run from it. This olt-  shaft is 2,000 feet farther up the creek  than the upper end of thc present tunnel, and the bottom of it about 100 feet  higher. -A change 'of plan of this  nature promises good results'and will  probably be adopted.  At the Consolation mine the company were getting out between $300  and $400'a week, regularly. Harry  Osterlie has given up work for the  present and Gus Lund has taken his  place. , -  The Little Falls Co. have begun sinking a, shaft at the Mower .���������nd of the  claim, and have rigged a, wooden pump  which keeps it clear of water.  mers  Groceries,  "      f \  Provisions,  HARDWARE, STOVES  AND  'The Revival-  Meetings.  Thu cvtiimuli-stic services tin's -past week havo  been fruitful, fcvui'-il c*oiivoi-.-.ioiiS' having beon  ihu result of tho cotUiKo mec-iinK-'. Tliore. will  be asjii't-inl meeting of the youi.)-* converts at  Mr. tiiiuluuirk's house S.iturclny afternoon at 3  o'clock. Sunday moi-ninn' and. evening airs.  Barrett will preach al both services in the:  the Methodist church, and the meetings will be  continued for tho three fnllowincr days. Mrs.  liarrott will then leave Kovelsloke for Nicola  whore she begins revival services on the 15th.  The closing on Wednesday night will boa grand  jubilee service. 'There have been 22 conversions  to date.   -. , , Com.  DEALERS IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE.  Silver in New York April 3rd 6Q'S cts.  The letter of Mr. Charles Lindmark,  will appear next week.  An April first story that was1 published in the Winnipeg 'Five Press of  that date���������that navigation opened that  day^between Revelstoke aud Robson���������  was a piece of seasonable news for the  metropolitan daily. Navigation was  ue,.t open on that,day. ' In 0 fact the  Columbia River makes its own time  schedules 'regardless of the wishes of  steamboat and railway magnates.  Dan Savoy, after placer mining for  two years on Trout 'Creek in the  Lardeau Pass, came out a few days  ago with a fine bag of gold dust, but it  seems there was not enough to satisfy  his ambition so ihe turned his, claim  over to his partners. He left for  Victoria on Tuesday evening, and will  take steamer for Alaska and the You-  kon placer fields. He takes to Victoria  three setts of cariboo horns for mounting, one of them being the horns of a  cow, which tire not often seen.  The steamer Lytton arrived at the  Wigwam tlock at six o'clock Thursday  evening, the first boat of the season' to  make through' connections: and the  first train to make direct connection  with the Lytton for Robson left Revelstoke at eight'o'clock the same evening.  Navigation on the Columbia River  between Revelstoke and Robson is,  therefore, now open for the season of  1&I5. The Lytton will make two  tii rough trips a week, and the Kootenai  will run between Nakusp and Wigwam  with freight until the ore blockude is  raised.  EOCENE IN BARRELS AND CASES.  PRATT'S ASTRAL OIL IN CASES.  :o:--:o:  e^els  ew  nsp.  last summer, although   held  hack two  months hy high water.  The Consolation Co., &i miles 'from  Gold Stream, has 3,100 feet of placer  ground, and has kept ten men at work  all summer. The June flood caused  serious damage which was repaired at  ,t cost of about $5,000 besides causing  five months Inst, time. Since. August,  1801., about $32,000 has been taken out,  .���������35,000 of this amount being since the  flood repairs were finished. A valuable  property, and owned by Geo. Laforjuif,  John Sweeney, O. li. Williams ancl  James McCreary.  Above and adjoining i.s the Little  Falls, one-half mile long. Frank Hilton,  nia.nager, cm which the five owners arc-  now sinking a, shaft. This is the old  Mi-Lain or railroad claim, originally  christened the Excelsior,and i.s believed  to be a good one. French Creek is  about 25 miles long, but no locations  have been made above three miles from  its mouth���������beyond aie beaver meadows  and timber.  On Gold Stream, near it* month,  fl.irry Howard and five other-, have  taken filacer claims, 100 feet each, and  are working in company, wing-darning, building (lurries, and will be- ready  for .-sluicing as -.00111 a.-< the water get/,  low enough. Next above, Charlie  jN'orlein.s and pa.rl.neis have 000 feet,���������  have wing-dams made and are ready  I'or sluicing. They hud big luck last  year. Above the'-m Mc-.Rae, Madsen,  .\Ir*Farlane ancl Keclcy have a-half  mile leaded giourid and arc getting  ready for, spriiig.  On Carrie's  (Jre.ck, a, company, com--  posed'of prominent Revelstoke men, is  putting  in  a  vvirig-fla.m.     A  splendid  yield of dust, is  looked  for as soon as  bed-rock, can he: cleaned up.  ��������� On Smith Or-.nck- there .aretvytv com-'  tia.tiie.s   operating,'- both     located -on  hydraulic properties. ' One is made up  of residtints'of ItevelHtokc., tlie other i.s  the' Chicago syndicate that bought out  the.  Sol   ll.olde.n  mini!  latxi in tlie; fall.  They are expected  on  in a short tirne '  '&6  J& I   ������ Pib3  POST-OFFICE. STORE.  N  NOTICE  OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that  a .sitting of the County Court will  Ik-, holden  at' Revelstoke, B.C., on Friday, the  17th  day  of  May, A.D. 1805,  at 10 o'clock in the forenoon.  .  ,   ,       J.'KHtKUP,  Registrar County Court.  'Revelstoke, April 5th, 1805.  . FOR   SALE. "  ~:o>-  T OVVYAX KOIt SAI-K my Hotel ai.d rontonU,  I lew-ate*/! at mi nth end of Arrow I������*ike Hallway, callr*!  THK WIGWAM HOUSE, FOR $800.  fl, Ir. wl-ll locyvtutl unci   N a jfiywl xt-trx! for Irn/U1.  'Apply ro   Mail  Oflice  or   jiroprintor  on   the  pi<;mi������f*s. .lO-'KPH WAI.KKK. 8-Iw  General Blacksmith.  JAS.   McMAjHON,  REVELSTOKE, B.C.  Gents' Furnishings,  Patent Medicines  And TOILET ARTICLESof evepy  Specialty,  SHIRTS and SHOES.  If you want to reaeh the People in tlie North Riding of West Kootenay  YOU SHOULD  Repairs to Wagons, &c.  -".hoeing a Specialty.  erase in  00000000 0000000  IF   YOU   WANT  C0PYR1GI  CAIV I OBTAIN A  PATENT?     For &  1 prompt nnnwnr Anil mn honest opinion, yrrltn to  MtJNN Si. CO., who have bud netrb* fifty years'  oarperlonco In IhB patont boalneiui. OomrnnnlcM-  tlon������ atrictl-r confidential. A If andhnnk ot In.  rormntlon cotiojrnlnfl- Fntrntn ������nd how to cIm  tsin thorn sent tree. Alito ������ catalogue Of mochan-  lc������l and (clentlflo hoolm aent freo.  ratontg taken throngl-i Mnnn A Co. roool-yo  tipoclal notteolntho HclnnHflc AmeVionn, and  tlitw ore bro.nrht. -widely beforo t,ho pitblln with.  ont ccint. to tho Inventor.   Thin .xplrmclttl paper  ���������--���������ed weekly, eleciintljrlllnnt.rato.l,hn������ h-t  oat clrctiUl.lon of any Hdeiitltlc work  Id. 93 a-yonr. fiample copied sent fn  ilMlne Edition, monthly, f2.Mla year.  conlctd, li.**, ooiitd.   ktot  tlfiit plntcti. In colorfl.  You can get it done at the " Mail" Office  EQUAL IN STYLE AND AS LOW-IN PRICE AS IN ANY OFFICE  IN THI  HlnpU  and  .      ...         . phctOKruphKi of ticv  houfton. with plans, enabling imildera to nhow tho  latent ilcnlKTin ancl secure contractu.   Artrtn'wi '  MUNN * CO- Nrw Tronic- SOI bno/.bw  o o o o o a o 0000000000000000000000 00000 000  REULSTOKE, WEST KOOTENAY, B.C.  sum

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