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Kelowna Record Mar 25, 1915

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 ���^reV\lO|yr��  \*\oN>60as0vr*'\  llttQV\  rcW  voL.;yif4NO?i&>  KELOWNA. BRITISH'COLUMBIA THURSDAY, MARCH 25. 1915.���6 PAGES  City CouDCil Hold  Brief Session  Electric Power Rate By-Law  Receives .Final Reading  $1.50. Per Annum  Ths oity oounoil held a, short meet  irur last Friday morning but beyond  the giving of oertain by-laws, formal  readings there was very little et trial  business transacted.  By-law '171 embodying the chengeB  in-' the rates for electric power uiinudy  published was finally passed, and a  new by-law to make oertain rhanges  in' the trade licence regulations was  read a first time.  A letter was���realt" from .Mr. Alcido  Bornais stating that he was flitting  in a cribbing to protect his lot ficm  the creek and that he would be taking  earth.from the front of his lot lo fill  it.  It was mentioned that Mr. Bairnais  was putting his cribbing too fix out  into the creek and consequently reclaiming land which did not belcug  to him. It was decided to aotifv him  thai he must not go beyond the pegs  indicating the boundaries <f his lot,  and also that he must not remove  any earth from the street.  Mrs. Millie addressed the eounKl at  some length oh the work of the Benevolent Society in aiding those who  were in want at the present time. She  expressed great appreciation aaf aaiaat  the council had done in the way of relief work and hoped that they v. a auld  be able to undertake further ��vik of  the kind.  The council answered Mrs. Millie that  they were in hearty sympathy with  what the society and she herself -personally were doing, and every endeavor would be used to render all j assistance possible.    '.  The following accounts wero  for payment:  Relief wprk, Maroh 1st to iith  n. Nbtitsy, special-police work  .1. Kapusta, pole line work . .  P. Strand, pole' line work . .'.  A. Eadie, pole line work f. . .  H. Harrison, pole line work ...  Ennis & McDonald, street work  Relief work, March 8th'to 13th  light 'dept   Park, waterworks k street .  Okanagan Telephone Co, .. .. .  T. S. Ruffell. court work . . .  Dnlelnish & Harding, supplies  for fire brigade      9.85  Albert Gibb, transportation . ..   23.15  Geo. Balsillie, feeding and   attending   to birds and animals for Jan. and Feb      9.00  The mcetir- was then aiourned until  Saturday, Aoril 3rd.  Broom Factory Will lie  Startedjn Kelowna  Arrangements Being Made for  Necessary Material With  Local Growers  .' passed  . ��123.00  .   .37.80  .     4.28  4.58  4.!>8  .^6.68  36.00  16.58  19.95  22.75  6.50  A new industry is likely to bo siurt-  ed in Kelowna in the hear future in  the shape of a broom faotory. It has  often been demonstrated that the  broom corn whioh is used in iho manufacture of these articles oan be vary  successfully grown in the distriot.  The possibilities of such 1111 cutsr  nrise has lately attracted tho attention pf Mr. D...W. .Sutherland, of Kelowna, and after careful investigation  he is . making arrangements for the  planting of about 10 acres of the corn  as a preliminary experiment. 'I he necessary plant for the manufaoi nre of  brooms is to be installed ut oncl*.  The movement whioh is ��waf��)ing  through the country for tho boosting  of homo production, oould [''mo no  more practical support than this.,'and  it is to be hoped that the nev* feature will meet with every ,-ucwfh..  Criticism Comes From Merchants' Association -- Manager  Robertson's Scalp is Much Desired - - His Persuasive  Eloquence is Greatly Missed  The annual meeting of the Kel-jwna head expenses. Many found fau.t nith  Growers' Exchange was held } inter- the 11000 paid to ths executive  day in the Opera House, the morning Question 2: "Are you satislied with  session commencing at 10 a.m. With the management and optirition cl the  an interval of a couple of hours for Central Agency?" Only 4 wero satis-  lunoh, tho deliberations were eontimi- fied, while 80 wero not. Of the litter  ed until bix in tbe afternoon. There 20 said "reduce Robertson's sr.'Srv."  was an attendance of about 130 ir. the  and 21 said "fire Robertson."  Cheap Seed Grain For  British Columbia Farmers  morning and in the afternoon this was  increased to probably 150.  Dr. Dickson,   president of lhe    3'x  change occupied the chair, and ho lad  Question 3: "Do you approve of tno  proposed selling plan as propound by  Mr. Robertson?" Eleven wen in flavor and ���5 against, but a irsah     uvo-  no light   task in keeping. tho oisi ua-  Posal had been    put before tl<e grow-  sion to the business under consialeru- ers in the meantime.  Creamery Project  Definitely Shaped  Economy in Overhead Expense  is to be Watchward of  New Venture  Rutland News  Itram am owa OorraaDoivdant.)  '- The sohool "rounds are being plowed  and levelled and will be seeded this  spring, and some trees and    flowers  planted. '  .     , >, .      '.- ���     ���     ��� . ��  ' A meeting was held ai the ".envouliu  school house last Friday night for the  purpose of reorganizing the Rutland-  Bonvoulin baseball olub. ITred Plowman waB re-elected president, W.  Pearee, seoretary-treasurer and Ewart  Patterson was elected captain of the  team. An executive committee of Ev-  eritt Fleming and Geo. Day Waiire also  appointed. Mr. W. G. Fallis was made  honorary president. A strong, combination has been got together, including some new players, an.l practice has already started.  R. H. Parkinson has been gozotted  lieutenant of the 102nd R J.B.  Servioes in the Presbyterian church  next Sunday will ba conductajd by the  Rev. David. Latter.. ���'' i  Mr. A. F. Pehon ia returning this  week to Pentioton,  The death took place last Friday of  Harry Holes, aged.26 years, u native  of Eastbourne, Sussex, Engl ��,id. He  had been ill for some time pas', and  lately had suffered from hemorrhage on  the brain. The funeral took place on  Saturday from the residence of his  sister, Mrs, Hookham, servioei being  held in tha Methfdist churoh.  If the Kelowna contingent ot boys  for the front get after the Germans  with anything like the spirit in which  those reft behind get after lho fires  then the war is going to be ever pretty toon. Even the addition of n lig.  proportion of new' members aoes  not seem to have hurt the efficiency  of the brigade, whioh oould givo  points to many bigger oities for the  celerity w th whioh they get out and  the work the" do when they tret there  It was Mr. John Lesthley's turn to  get a shook yesterday, about five  o'olock when he discovered that the  call had been to hiB own place. ITtiw-  over, it luckily turned out to be only  an old shed and stable at the rear of  the lot. The most unpleasant fa'uture  was that a mare and. colt were endangered for a little while,- but due to  tho promptness.of���* neighbor wtfe got  out in safety.' ' It sseml that the fire  was due to some ohildron playing with  matches.  Hon. W.. J> Bowser, who UtUtlng its  minister of agriculture, announces a  plan for the immediate supply of seed  Brain to the farmers in this province  The government will buy in Alberta  several carloads of seed which will be  sold to-farmers at cost price.  Continuing he said: "The (.overnment proposes to contribute to the  blan whatever the freight ohlU''rcs  happen to be,-our idea being io . e.v  courage the putting in of lho largest  possible crops of cereals in ''lis province this season. We shall .sell to the  farmers at the actual cost in Albert1!  in order to induce payment ;in easli  but for those farmers through . the  country who have no funds itt present  for the nurchnBe of seed and vet have  available land, broken for ���:��)!'. vso  shall have five eutra* oarloads of.sei.al  immediately following the first. For  merT'urlalj'e ' :to' pay 'Cash the* y oveni-  ment will take notes for the cist ol  the grain, together with the- freight  charges, and payment of these n.ay 1)8  .deferred until.the farrner sells blsxrop  in the fall, c These five carloads whioh  will be sold on credit, will bo distributed from various centres, ' ne probably from Nehon, another from Kamloops and others from Vancouver" and  Viotoria. The distribution nill be  made through government agcits, who  are BufHoiently in touch with the r<B-  nonsible people ��� of their rispoctive  communities."  Disastrous Snowsiide at  . Britannia Beach Mine  Working -with feverish energy, in  mortal terror of another avalanche  such as swept away the iittle clmitr  of homes around the mine 1-uildings  at Brittannia Beaoh last Sunday night  every man and boy able to handle a  shovel has been laboring in un effort  to recover the bodies of those who  were oarried to their desth"by lho awful slide of rook, mud and snow.  There is no hope or recovering ulive  any of those reported ns missing.  Words fail to depict the terrible  scene at the desolate mining Cum'  where big wooden buildings filled nith  hoavv machinery were knocked down  as structures of oardboard by tho onrush of tho avalanche which tin-mutual  trees and oarried thom along in i'.s  nath like straws over tho nlii'je w| tare  a moment, beforo stood tho co'nitrt  able homes of the'minors and tho ccV  bunkhousos.  Fifty-six livos were blotted out . in  the torrible catastrophe and ni'iiiy are  injured more or loss seriously. Only  ono man buried by tho debris vas  recovered alive  Without a word of warnta" the  whole side of tho mountain dirwitly  above the mine broke' away. The miners were just in the aot of rhMight?  shifts, and a number of them were  emerging from the tunnel mouth whi-n  they were buried beneath fifty feet of  rook and snow. .Some had not vat  left the protection of tho drifts anl  these were saved.  Darkness and tho freezing trumera-  ture hampered the rescuers in their  work whioh waa carried on with Only  the aid of a few candles which wire  the onlv remaining lights to bo had.  The snow was deep and tho slight  thaw during^ Sunday is sunnaiscd to  have loosened it. suffioiently to havo  caused the trouble.  The Board of Investigation titular  the Water Aot sat Tuesday aud Wednesday of this week under Ilia1 prei-M-  enoy Of-Mr. J. F. Armstrong, to consider all claims from reoord helpers  north of Bear Creek on the welt sido  Mr. William? Your- comptrolliir. of  water rights* was also in to.vn, and  Messrs. Norrington k Davis, who  are engaged in survey work for the  department.  tion  The report and balance shoet were  first presented, but as theso bed been  previously printed and distributed to  all the shareholders, they were not  read.  The report stated that thete had  been during the past year an increase  in members resulting in a btrgo increase in the products handled. Ke  ductions in handling oharges oa vegetables, soft fruits and tomuto-is had  boon made, amounting to $3''0i.'iti. .'  recommendation waB made that a surplus of 8425S.41 shown in prntit and  loas account should be rebated $1,0.01  to feed purchases and ��2,6M.!ti (at  the rate of 5o., per box, to shjjipci  of apples, crab apples, and poMS, the  balance of 9164.87 to a reserve fund.  A good deal of the criticism at first  centred around the financial statement. Mr. D. Leokie, who stated that  he had beon appointed by .i wmm'a.i.0a>  of the Merchant's Association for tho  purpose addressing the meeting ut  considerable length. He toon txcep-  tion to some of the oharges uopooring  in the statement and also ta thc  amount of depreciation place 1 upon  the old warehouse building on tho  wharf, whioh he contended shoul 1 havo  been much greater. Ho questii..i.ed the  wisdom of erecting the new building,,  believing that as little .*is i oasiblu of  tho capital should be a.xp'inded in  equipment at the present stage.  Mr. Leokie alao strongly favored the  ai-,">tion of a cheaper paok i>r i;p-  ples. A crate could be had >e said for  a cent less than a box and would hold  60 nounds as against 40 oounds. 'jhe  apples would be orohard rvn, and  jumble paok, thus cutting out a good  deal of the expensive handling. The  grower would haul these boxen out to  his orohard and nail ihem nn thero,  avoiding the hauling backwards ' end  forwards of empties. Suoh a SVftain  would mean fewer buildings und easier  management.  Mr. Reekie aaid th) directors had  had already the question of u cheaper  paok before them, upj he <'ns glad io  say they would 'probably have i  cheaper rate than even Mr. J.ookie referred to.  Dr. Dickson said that up to '���hi pre  sent timo the demand had been for  fancy packed fruit, Will it had uen  impossible to persuade the trado to  take a cheaper pack. There was  growing feeling however, that what  was wanted was fruit atnd not funoy  packing. Of oourse alt the fruit could  not bo shipped in that way us there  was still a lot of fancy fruit ncudeal.  In concluding his remarks Mr. I.eckie  referred to the list of questions whlci  had been sent out to shareholders and  said that judging by the tone of tho  answers there was oertainly a diimand  for drastic changss in charges for thc  handling and also in managom mt  Mr. W, D. Brent, the local Manager  confessed thnt tho attitude of lho committeo who had been appoinieal from  tho Merchants' Association to investigate the workings of tho Exchenno  had got his baok up a little hy tho  manner in which thoy hnd gone bbout  tho business. In this he had tha rup-  nort of Mr. Reekie who said ;'��.��� the  committeo had como down n|vai'J>ntlv  with tho idea of tolling thai llosral  what to do. Ho had been i little  annoyed by the manner of the citi-  ci��m, but ho had not boen annoyed by  the hard hitting. The committee laud  made criticisms whioh were unfounded  and when the direotors explained to  them that they were unfounaled thev  Wore accused of being hostile. The  board was rauite willing to ti'O an"  criticism whatsoever, and wero a.'v ays  willing to give neoessary ussitatnni'r, to  enfiuirers, Tliev dirt not want nxpls  to run away with the idea thut they  took criticism in bad oart.  Ultimately the bolnnce sheet and  report were adopted.  ���  Coming to the question of crgalbsa*  tion and future poliov Mr. Ceo McKenzie gave the result of lhe aj'listiona  whioh had beon mailed to he ��l. upholders. He said that 278 copies ol  the questions had been mailed, and 98  replies had been reoeived, 34 cl 'vl.ich  were . from growers of fruit und  produce.  Question' 1 was: "Aro you satislied  with the management andio^ii.'jon  of tho Growers' Exohsngo in the oaat.  ond what changes, if unv would vou  suggest for the future?"   T.vcnfv-Ffvon  Question 4: "Is it vour prosen:  tontiotl to support tho EaohuDgo and  Central and to ship all your fruit uud  produce through them?'' Fifty seven  said no, 18 aaid yes, nnd i wero undecided. A groat many however siaid  that under preaont eouJitiouB they  would not give their support, lut  would if it were altered.  Later in the afternoon,' ho-.vjvcr the  significance of these answers ivoi eaame  what ^modified by the calculation tnat  of the 84 growers who replied to the  questions only 39 wore actual shippers  last yoar.  Dr. W. W. Jones brought up a difficulty which had ariaen by the un  expeoted inclusion in the ncw Agiicui-  tural Act of a clause proiiim .ir;r all  who did not ship through un nssocia-  tion from voting at lis ma'eiiivs.  Though a resolution was (iua8:d  giving all shareholders power lo voli  the question kept recurring during  the afternoon, and this discussion \�� ns  intensified by the reading of a letter  from the Attorney-Central which secni  cd to imply thnt Manager Robe, tson  was responsible for the paasing cf 'tl!  clauae. It was claimed, however by  the directora that the Central hud opposed the clause.  The meeting then proceeded !.> nominate directors, but aha! the twelve-  o'clock whistle blew, and suoh tul'la j  as a board of directors wore rust aside  in the rush for dinner.  At 2 p.m., when the meeting rcas  Bembfed-fho discussion was cnuUnued  on the future policy of tho V',\clwigc  and tho Central.  Mr. Geo. Allan questioned Mr. ilea-  (Continued on Page    ix)  Italy Preparing to Enter War  Attacks on land and boa will u.ark  Italy's entrance into tbe Vur<>poan  war, if Bhe decides to cast }..-i' lot  witb the AlliflB according to nav-vl experts. Part of the Italian fleet, it  was believed, would join lie Allies  fleet in tho Dardanelles white other  warships attacked the Austrian na\ul  base at l*ola. Italy's firBt laU'i How  it waB believed would be ttgivuiat tha  Austrians on the Serbian frontier, 'lhe  troops could be landed on Montenegrin soil and then proceed overland to  tho aid of the Serbians from Montenegrin troops now engaged in thi.' difficult task of holding tha Aus-.vt.-tiH at  bay. Forty transports are v rv held  at Ancona, and theso could cam a  large force of troops across lhe Adriatic Sea.  Mr. Bruce Stephens, of I'oml-n, Alberta arrived in the citv yeat'-t'dav  afternoon on a visit lo his nisi or. M/3.  P. E. Purdy.  Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Aahhr'i Ue came  in yesterday from Toronto for ut>]acit  stay. ��  It is estimated that since the outbreak of the war nwr f'-O men h��vo  left the Okanagan lor active Fen ice.  Capt, Itidley nnd family v. ho h. ve  had the store' at F.ast KelcwiiA left  last Friday for Victoria.  P. E. Meredith and M. ���). Vrench  left last week with a car of oliec'.s for  Calgary. Thev intend taking an residence on the prairie. Mr*. Meredith  and Mrs. Frenoh Attd family left F. i-  day. Miss Mabel l-Yeueh occomptnied  them as far as the I/mding.  Mayor Jones is to it.Uress a n-eet-  ing at Rutland next t'.i-srli.y ��������.mine  in the school in support of his candidature in the election pundng.  the Ladies' Hospital Aid '.nil bold  their regular meeting in the Board of  Trade rooms on Monday, V ir-Vh 2Pth  at 3 o'olook.  Mrs. O. Whitaker returned today  from a visit to Saskatchewan.  Mrs. Wiggs of Kolowna K-v<t is visiting friends in the city, nrior to her  departure for the Orient.  Many    enquiries    have    been mado  within    the last few weeks rs to the  progress of the scheme to establish   a  creamery for the district, but tbe negotiations of the committee in charge  were not sufficiently advanced lo make  any definite statement. Plans foi organizing "have not, however, bdsamod  definite Bhapc and if the necessaiv pup-  port is forthcoming the new undertaking should be in operation in the;  course oT the next few weeks.  The original proposals of the committee as pla'cod before nublic meetings on several occasions, havo been  greatly modified. The impossibility of  securing any loans from the govern  ment at the present time has bad  something to do with this, bat  matured consideration it was thought  desirable if possible, to avoid iho necessity of getting any loan at all. but  to make the venture, even though in  but a small and unpretentious way  self-supporting from the sta t. Ihe  original estimates for nlant atid equipment have beon pared down to the  bone, and every cent likely to be un  productive left out of the cal M.r.tions  In this tho committee havo and thc  benefit of expert advice from A*r. Wi-  ancko, of the provincial dairy branch  who iB a creamery man of many years  experience.  The result will be but a small concern, it is true, but it will bo cfipftble  of handling all the business 'or some  time to come and can bo tnlarged  when necessari'.  In the first place as regards tbe  building, many proposals nuve been  discuBsed, and many good tiLw huve  been received, the most promising being the offer of the store lately occupied by Messrs. Ludlow & Co -m Water street behind the Bank of Uontrcel  Tho owners have offered this at a low  almost nominal rental of $10 per  month, thus making it cheaper for  present purposes than any building  scheme. The premises were examined  by Mr. Wjunuko, and pronounced quite  suitable with a few alterations.  The equipment, including a butter  making plant and icecream outfit can  be' secured ior about 8950 and a sup  ply of cans for 8200. T he rust of installing and fitting up the building,  about 9350. and a working cai'.'ral of  $200. This gives a total oapital required of 81600. Of this amount $700  only is needed in oash beforo tho  creamery can start, the payments on  the balance can be deferred.  These moderate figures will no doubt  surprise many, but really stripped of  thc original suggestion which was associated with it of buying cows for  supplying it on easy terms to faimers,  tho creamery proper is not a vory  large undertaking, and there is not  the least reason in the world why it  cannot be started at once af-d run  successfully. The plan to pttl chase  cows on easv termB, it m ght be mentioned here is not abandoned, but  will very probably he handled tlm-ugh  other chunnels.  To raise the 8700 then which must  be in hand before the creamery can  start, a block of 35 shares of #jC each  is being offered for sale, on whirl, tf'^fl  will be called, $10 on application and  810 on allotment. It is not t-ntici-  pated, if sufficient shares can be ?old,  that tho directors will need to make  any further calls on the shares.  It is figured that the cobI of nrKrating can not exceed 8175 per month  for the first few months, aud to meet  this it will bo neceBsary to produce  .1,000 pounds of butter per mou'.h. A  considerable business-oan also Ia- done  in ice-cream.  A provisional board of aniclors,  oqusittt.n.r of Messrs. A. Patteraon, M.  Hereron, A. McQuarrie, J. I.eathky  and W. O. Benson now haB rhmve of  mattors, tho latter ��aoting a��t secretary. It might be mentioned ulsi that  Mr. Benson has jferv treneroaslv undertaken the task of ortranUati^n with  out any fees and that thc legal work  necessary is being done by Messrs.  J.urne A* Temple, also gratis.  The application forms for shares  are now ready, and it is urged that  those who can possibly do so will  endeavor to take ono or more to get  thc concern troing. It is, as has been  said, only a small matter, but it  means a great tleaKto the district  L V. Rogers is  Liberal  Principal  of   Kelowna . High  School Will Oppose Mayor  J. W. Jonee  At a Liberal convention held last  Saturday morning in the Board of  Trade rooms Mr. L. V, Rogers vnB  selected to carry the opposition banner in the next election. Thsre J>,-d  been considerable doubt for boiuc  time past aB to 'vho would get tne  nomination, and several nuu.e- had  been suggested. Apparently bowaur,  these differences were settled anl il.e  selection made.  The doubt whioh still enshmuls the  date of election has interfered pom3-  what with active camor1 '! ut t ie  ground is beinff prepared in h qu'et  way for the time when a definite announcement will be made.  Russians Takes Przemysl  The Galician fortress of Przo-nyl,  which (the Austrians l..we so staunchly  defended since the early days of the  war, fell into the hands of the l.ius-  sian besiegers Monday. 'I ho lust of  the improvised field fortification.? wi-re  captured some days ago nnd the final  act of the drama began toward the  close of the week, when the coinm^i.d-  ant deliberately expended his reserve  ammunition and sent thr- bulk of the  garrison out on the htbiai hope of  cutting its way eastward through the  besiegers.  ^ Advices.received bv the war office officials indicate that ono of the biggest  battles of the war Is developing in  Galieia. The moral effect of tho sur-  render of Przemysl was tremendous,  and the Russian troops are irupftknt  to press their advantage.  The Austrians ure reriorLtfl ('> bo  rushing all possible teiaforcmi&nts l-.i  the Carpathians and to Oraow. the  only remaining- important city in Galieia left to Austria.   O-  Tho usual Church of England s r-  vices will be conducted in the Presbyterian church at Rutland o,t Sunday  next at 3 p.m.  The Department of Agriculture is  distributing seed oats of tho Gold  Rain variety in Backs of 100 ttotit.ds  at 3 cents per pound. Also Marques  wheat at 3 cents per Pound in sacks  of 120 pounds. Freight paid tp Kelowna. This seed has given (/<>od results at the experimental farm at  Agassiz. Send your orders fo H. L.  Ward, secretary Kelowna Farmers'  institute.  Services in the Methodist church cn  Sunday will be in charge of the pastor. The morning theme will be  "Sacrifice aB a factor in race d<velop-  ment" and the evening topic 'What  death would be i| man hud not sinned."  If vou want a little relaxation in  these hard times come to the Methodist church, Pendozi street on Toesdrv  evening next. 30th March, at 8 p.m.  The choir will give you a real social  evening, and provide music, fun and  refreshments for your enjoyment.  In view of the fact that'the Pifihop  of Kootenay has had to  return     to  Victoria immediately he has oaivelled  were satisfied. 5 undecjded and 52 not! all his engagements, which inoluded a portent   railway  satisfied, chiefly on -.ooouit of   ever-'visit to the local parish, tary stations,  The admiraltv issued a stato.nent  yesterday eo the effect that a l.rilish  airship raid had been successfully carried out on the Gorman base nt llo-  boken, by dropping bombs on submarines.  A dispatch says the Russian (lest  is active in the Black Sea, and several  Turlcisn forts have been bombarded-  while ft transport of several laden colliers have been s"nk.  The French air   fleet   havo diYpned  shells at thirty different points in the  German line, dropping them tn     im-  junctions r nd mill-  H, E. Gale, formerly of tho Winnipeg polioe force has been cho.it-n as  chief constable at Pentioton.  According to an official report 132,-  392 families in Vionna are receiving  assistance from the state.  Tho    Dutch    Steamer MukYuil k <������?.  whioh left    Flushing on T>u.B.l,ty    for  England was chased and fired rh by  a Gorman trawler.  Twenty Germans and two fij.d guns  have bean captured bv British erd  South African troops at Swahotmind.  fhe often repeated rumor '..bat the  German Crown Prince had been nssas-  linated waB repeated again this week.  A correspondent of a New York rarer  was the originator this timo an I he  says: "The German Crown Prince has  been murdered. Ue waB killed bv one  of the members of his <wn puite.  Since then the Kaiser has doubled his  bodyguard with picked mon. doubt less  for fear he may have a oimiHr fntc."  ' It is freely rumored in London that  Austria has made definite foposals  for peace to the governments of the  Allied countries and that these proposals are now under consideration in  the chancellories of Grout Britain,  France and Russia. This is tho direct  outcome of the fall of Przemvsl *, and  the efforts of Germany to force Austria to make territorial concessions to  Italy.  The Turkish forces on the roast, of  the Gulf of Smyrna havo been relutoro I  ed to the number of 80,000. It is reported that 10,000 troops have be.sn  sent to strengthen tho garrison on the  Dardanelles. Notwithstanding the  loss of b everal of the bombur Unships, British and Frenoh, the slelling  of the forts of the Dardanelles cm*  tinues unabated. u-   v  ^t!l��mumm**ti<imm*i****��mm*tyfa\*<t^  pas* two.  j 'i"      *  KJtLOWMA MCCOBJ)  KELOWNH RECORD  Published every Thnrsdey et Kelowna,  Britlsfc ColnmbU  JOHN LEATHLEY  Editor and Proprietor  rassssssssMg"! , *  -smsssaBSsTimm-mmW  SUBSCRIPTION RATES  $1.10   per   year;   78o..   ilx   months.  United  stm\tm 10 oente additional.  All lubRorlntiou payable In advance  Subscriber* at tbe regular rate ran bave  extra papers mailed to friends at a distune*  at HALF RATE. I.e., 75 oente per year.  Thie ipeclal privilege is granted lor tbe  purpose) ot advertising tbe oitv nnd district.  ADVERTISING RATES  LODGE NOTICES. PROFESSIONAL CARDS.  ETC.. 2fi cente ner column inoh per week.  LAND AND TIMBER NOTICES-80 day. $.V  fin days 17.  WATER NOTICES-IB lor tive Insertion".  LEGAL ADVERTISING-Ftret   insertion.    12  cents per line; each subsequent Insertion, 8  cento per line.  CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENTS -2 cente  par word lirat inaertioa, 1 oent per word  each subsequent insertion.  DISPLAY ADVERTISEMENTS - Two Indira  and under. SO oente per inch lirst Insertion  over two inches 40 cente per inch first insertion; 20 oente per inch eaoh subwtiuont  IdssHlea.  All changes. In coutraot advertisements must  be in the bands ol tb* printer by Tuesday  evening to ensure publication in tha noxt  issue.  What Agricultural  Credit Did for  New Zealand  the Tovemment to provide assistance  to those who wished to take uo lund.  and also to enable those already on  on the land to improve aud stock  their holdings. He propoBtld io effect  this by means of government guaranteed loans.  After a thorough investigation ���>[ the  European agricultural credit system���  for which work expertB were retained���  ho concluded that none of them could  be adopted, as the conditions in a new  country like New Zealand were so different to those    existing in ihe     old  settled    communities of   Europe.   Mr.  Seddon's view was that agriculture is  in much the same position as anv other industry; if tho output is to ho increased, moro labor and capital must  be expended and more up-to-date met- j  hods udoptcd.    He   also realized that  no private company would, or could, |  loan money to fanners for a -mffloiunt- |  lv long period to enable them to meet ���  thc interest and amortization charges j  from tho net earnings ot their l.-iins, f  and    at    the    samo time leave ihoin -.  enough of u surplus to be used in 1 et- |  tering conditions of farm life;   >r ut a .  rate   of   interest    which the   f.u'raetfl  could afford to pay; and as every citizen in the colonv was interested in the  development of agriculture, ho diiimod  that it   was the duty of   tho people,  through thoir representatives In tmrlin-  ment, to furnish the necpssaiv capital.  Accordingly, in 1894, legislation i ro-  viding government guaranteed loans  was introduced into and passed by  the parliament, and was kut-v n as  "The Advance to Settlers Act." The  money was raised by the govern'rent  and lent to tho farmers nnd him tiers  through the Advance to Settlers Office,    for the  Are Nations Subject to  Moral or Christian Law?  Tu discuss the bearing ol Christian  principlos upon states is nio.it iliilinalt.  1 need not go through the well-worn  urirument that war in a tuit caum las  the sanction of Christianity. That is  not the point. Tho CjUaAl'im is���  should tho teaching oi Christ pii'iti'l  in interstate relation! whothor in  timo of peace or war? Is the tp'rit ol  meekness, submission and '.insi'llisli-  iii'bs to prevail among nati.ms us  among men? It ie impossible but to  rccognizo that submission snl tell-  donial practiced by a nation might  well mean misery and deprivation to  its members. It is therefore Oa��v to  say that the rules of personal I livis-  tianity have no bearing upon states  as such, and indued Christ hnasalf recognized tho distinction when lio snid:  "Uendor unto Caosar the things wiurh  are Caesar's and unto God the things  which aro Cod's.  Tho atfairB of nations are so concerned with    concrete possessions    of  things of this world that ChrW'.itmity  vance to Settlers Ul-, s*mB.t0 lie'in a^bfF'.  'nor,! "I''.**1*  itnblishmont of which u.BlPlline where these things ire of so  little account that it becomos diliicult  I even to picture tho point of contuct.  But on tho other hand the Christian  attitude, tho Christian temper, li well  established in a nation freo to oxpn'SJ  itself, must have its effect on at least  on tho general polioy of tha'-. milieu  Justice   for the weak ntt I oppuased,  the act made provision. The c.rMital  Act has beon amended from time to  time, and today this office is ki-eun  as the "State Guaranteed Avivance  office."  During tho early years of the OWTIt-  tion    of the     system    tho rjol'c-nt.ige  Benvoulin Notes  The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper  will be dispensed in Bethel ohuroh on  Sunday evening next at 7.30 oclook.  Rov. W. T. Beattie will preaoh.  9 ���  Benvoulin was favored with h viiltj  from the Kelowna orchestra nn Wed  taisday of laat week and tat- conceit  which thev gave was greatly enjoyed  Everybody who attended wua uunni-  mous in the verdict that it was st-'en-  did, and hopes are entertained that  the orchestra may be nrevnUird upon  to pay another visit to tho oomimr.-  itv nt some future date. Sr. Drury  Pryce led tho orchestra In ids usual'  style and won golden opinions from  all.  KOD AND GUN FOB M.VltCH  "Injun Bones and Huskies" by J.B  Frasor in Maroh Bod and Gun il no  lap-dog story but an acoount oi  desperate encounter which two adventurers in the iar north ha 1 with  a band oi ferocious huskies from which  thev narrowly escaped with their lives.  "That Cub of Patrick's" is a somewhat amusing tale���though Fat himself found tho experience verv provoking���of a captured boar oub that proved one too much for his captor. "A  visit to the Naaimu Caves of i',l,uier,  B.C." "Windrobin's Cabin," "Ihe  Passing of the Buffalo," and ether  stories and articles, along wilh the  regular departments, go to rnuko up a  fino March number. This soairtsman's  Dublication is issued at Woodstock,  Ont., by W. J. Taylor, Limited.  THOBSDAY, MABCH 36, IMS  BrES9r9aa��aTaaMa��KrBafaaaaa��l  charged to tho borrower over whnt the !nation! liberality in concessions to Ihe  In New Zealand is found a most  instructive example of a stato-uided  and state-managed agricultural ciedit  system by which we may profit when  considering the cubo of British Columbia. That system has been in a [via-  tion. for near1,, twenty years, Uurinir  which various governments, represeu,  tative of different parties havo Iven in  power.  The natural conditions in Nc.v Zeu-  land resemble those in British Columbia) sufficiently closely to mako comparisons valuable. Tho coua'ry was  for the most part rather heavily wood  ed and farms were cleared out of tho  bush. As in British Columbia, dairy-  iag is one of the most important  branches of agriculture pursued. The  people of New Zealand, their government, and their institutions ive all  sufficiently like our own to make their  methods an object lesson of special  value to us.  It was therefore to New ZaVirad  that Commissioner Lucas wi-ut fi-st  to learn the points of strength std  weakness in such a^syst-im as c.posed  by experience. Ue spent nearly a  month in his investigation there, discussed the subject with the premier  and the cabinet ministers, receiving  valuable assistance from thiol, 'lhe  Dominion House was in sossio.-i at  the time of his visit, and he hud an  excellent opnortunity of learning the  opinions of the representatives of every electoral district.  Ho visited cities and towns tiuri the  farms, consulted offioers of the a'cpnrt-  ment of agrioulture and finance, the  superintendent of the State Guaranteed Advances office, directors t\nd  members of agricultural societies, men  prominent in tbe publio life ind connected with the different Dolitio.il parties, and some who ore recognized authorities upon this and relativo subjects. On his trips through zhe country be met working, mon, farmers ltd  shopkeepees; in the cities be interviewed bankers, merchants, lawyers,  commission-men and newspaper e<litors  Having made this close personal inquiry, he reported that he had not  met any one who disapproved of tho  State-guaranteed advances to fairacial.  Some, he stated, complained of delay  in dealing with applicaltiona and excessive carelessness in the valuation ol  securities, but he found it to be the  almost unanimous opinion that the  "Advances to Settlers Act" and the  "State Guaranteed Loan Aot" uuihor-  izinft and guaranteeing loans lo farmers on tbe security oi their land for  tbe purpose of improving and developing the same and increasing their output, was the most beneficieat legislation ever passed by the New Zealand  government; that it has not only given a great impetus to the: agricultural  industry, but it has reacted in related  and other industries in a further stimulation of trade in general.  Farm Loans by Stimulating Agriculture, Saved New Zealand  From Bankruptcy  Dealing with the introduction of the  system, Commissioner Lucas n ported:  The history of the movement which  resulted in the establishment nf the  New Zealand government's Advances  to Settlers Office is, briefly, this: In  the twenty years between 1873 and  1893 the valiio of exports of ail kinds  of produce from New Zealand, in spite  of a rapid expansion in nopuktion,  ..had only increased 53.22 per cent., and  in view of the financial obligations of  the colonv it was felt that aome decisive action on the part of the government was imperative, otherwise  bankruptcy would be inevitable.  Of all' industries, agriculture had  been the most important and is development the least satisfactory, and  the Hon. Richard Seddon, who was  premier at that time, decided that the  onlv solution qf the problem was to  lie found in initiating legislation which  would malt* it profitable and taigcible  for more people to settle on tie loi'd.  At the same time, he fully .realize 1 tho  fast <j����t it was necessary, In order  to brnfg about this development,   for  money cost the government wa.*  sufficient to cover expenses, but as  tho volume of business incre'ised it  has proved more than sufficient l,i eov  or expenses and losses; and t<> start a  reserve fund.  Effects on Production  For the fifteen years preceding  introduction of the farm credit  tern tho exports increased 35.30  cent., for the fifteen years iift^r,  conquered, are oert.-.nay the duty of a  Christian Btate. Was there not ling of  Christianity in our defence of the  cause of Belgium, or in tie parting  of Homo Rule to the i��nqiorod llitri  It is not so much a case of illations  . being bound by Christian urinciplt'S,  I as of their animation in all their  tho dealings by the general' spirit of Ciiiis-  iys- tian toleration and charity,  per | Christ's kingdom���the F.ia,��dor,i of  tho Heaven���was    essentially    -i I'.ii-iiual  exports of tho same products inirens-  kingdom,    a power    growiar;   within  ed 161.54 per cont. | men's hearts. .Tho little   musturi-sred  New Zealand has increased htr lund arrowing there must at last become the  under cultivation from 2} aicres per long looked-for power undor which all  head of population in 1893 to li} ucies the nations of the earth may lodge in  per head in 1913. In addition ta, that'peace and security,  there are 9.009,00i> acres in sown uies- ] The control of nations ly intairna-  ses on land that has not been plow- tional conventions appears to lie im-  ed. j possible as    things are.    Wo i -in only  During the last four years the total hope for tho coming of some nobler  number of cattle, sheep, lambs, ond force���in some new revelation of thc  hogs slaughtered for home oonpunip- Divine power���bringing with it a lo..B  tion and for export was over 10,700,- materialistic and more spiritual Mew  000;  and during tho same time     tho, of Christianity, enlarging <)iu* inuis of  flocks and herds of the same animtils  increased by 3,325.000. During the  samq period, the cattle, sheep n.id pigs  in the Dominion of Canada actually  decreased 1,600,000 and her agricultural production is at a standstill, despite the fact that production iau* increased enormously in tho :hn.- prairie provinces.  The adoption of the New Zealand  loaning system has not only ra-svied  in largely increasing the output of the  farms and giving a great impetus to  the agricultural industry, but it has  reaoted in related and other indusM-ies  in a further stimulation of trade in  general. Failures have decreased fifty  per cent., in the last fifteen veara.  Commissioner Lucas reports us follows upon the effect of the rural life  of the country:  "With    monoy    available  suitable to the industry  the sacred mission of humanity, combining, not nations, but all alio best  thoughts and knowledge and nsuira-  tions of all the nations, may li-- tho  solution of our present iiHlotilties.  There is no hope in tho mere flaming  of rules, but there is hope so long  as we havo faith to carry on pur  search for tho hidden treasure, fu-the  oearl of irreat nrice.���Extroot from a  ltcture bv Mr. C. H. Gore, MA., head  maBtcr of Hymer Colleee. null. Vr.g-  land nnal a brother af Mr. .-*. M. Qofa  of Kelowna.  and have so largely increased the revenue from their    farms that they ore  able to    meet tlio uay moats a.n     the  mortgages    and    to   adopt    n higher  , standard of living, and a better  one.  on terms  Throughout the country a higher and  the fin mors better civilization is gradually    be'ng  have built better houBes or 'emodelled   evolved; the    young men i-nd womon  their old ones; brought a large acre-   who are growing up are hapoy    and  age of land under cultivation that  would otherwise be lying idle; l.uve  bought and keep better live-stock;  have bought and used more lnhair-  saving machinery on the farms ui.d in  the houses; have orectod elevated t a* ks  and windmills; have laid ou weter in  their dwellings and in thoir Hithuild-  ingB; have irrigation for thoir x cot-  able and flower gardens around     the  contented to remain at nomo on the  farmB, and find ample time and opportunity for recreation and entertainment of a kind more wholesome  und elevating than can be obtained in  tho oitios."  It ia interesting to note thit alurin-  the lust decade New Zealand has raised 19.13 per cent., of her loans aU  home, the total amount now    fating  SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING  REGULATIONS  Coal ���tuning rights of the Dominion  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the NiiMu-  west Territories, and in a portion of  the Provinos of British Columbia, may  be leased for a term of .woity-one  years at 'an annual rental of fl an  aore. Not more than 2,5110 acres  will be leased to one applicant.  Applications for the 1ms* must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the distriot  in which the rights applied for are  situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurvey-  ed territory the tract applied tor  shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Bach application must be accompanied by a tee of (5 which will be  refunded if the rights applied for  are not available, but not otherwise,  A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine nt the  rate of five osnts per ton.  The person operating the min* shall  furnish tha agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable ooal mined and pay tb*  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, tuch  returns shall be furnished av least  one* a vear.  The lea** will include the ooal minim? rights only, but tht least* may  be permitted to purchase whatever  available surface rights may bt considered neoessary for th* working ol  the mine at the rate of 110 an Met.  For full information annlioation  should be made to th* secretary oi  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to tht Agent or Sub-Agtnt  of Dominion lands.  w. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���Unauthorized publication of  thit advertisement will not be paid (or.  houses; and have increased their dairy  curried by her (>ooplo being ��lri,fi('l),943  herds. Thev keep more shocp aid pigs out of a total debt nf C84.353.913.  SARAH BEBNHABDT  The Divine Sarah who ha* unalergone an operation to remove a pari ol  her leg rather than give up her stage work. ' This wonderful untrcsi is well  past sixty yttti of at*.  Red Polled Cattle  "THE FARMER'S COW"  I hnve a few choice Young Built  of (hit famout dual purpose  breed (or tale. Get started right  and buy one.  Potatoes  Choice " Netted Gem " teed for  aale, pure and free from scab.  Present Price���  $1.25 per tack; $20 ptr tea CASH  LESLIE DILWORTH  Mount View Stock Farm        Kelowaa  SATURDAY  SPECIAL  REGULAR 60c.  Granite Dithpans 35c  will he MM  SiUrdty afar 2.M pa.  Only on* for each customer.  English Caramel Toffee  Reg. 40c, lb, to be told for 2Sc Ib  B.C.VarittySyndlcata  The Home ef Big Vahi*e  R.P.MENZlES,M*fi.  The Important Event of the Season  Now ia your chance to buy staple Groceries at less than  wholesale price. Look over this list, which is only  part of our Specials���then art qakldy by beyisf at tact  SPECIALS ARE FOR CASH 0MLT  Robin Hood Flour. " The Best," every sack <K 9  guaranteed. Reg. $2.35 sack; Special... $*>  Robin Hood or Purity Rolled Oats; 84b. * 1  sacks, 40c; 20-lb. sacks  M> ���  Nabob Tea, reg. 50c lb.     per lb 40c  Choice Coffee, fresh ground    3 lb��- ��^  Evaporated Prunes, fresh stock  per lb. | Qq  Pure Jam, assorted flavours, in 5-lb tins   Each 75c  Cream Sodas, in tint ,  per tin 25c  Canned Pumpkin, for preserving, lrg.sixe 2 for 25c  Canned Red Salmon  3 for 25c  Canned String Beans  pertin | Qq  Pure Honey, in 5-lb. tins  per tin 75c  Fancy Tea Biscuits, in J-lb. packages ... per pkg | Qg  Come Early and Avoid the Rush  THESTOREOFi  \  PHONE 35  PHONE 35  "Kelowna Record " Office  The place to take the Job you mint' Printed Nicely'  New Goods for Easier  We. are now receiving new shipments of the latest novelties in  Millinery, Waists and  Neckjjoear  We have an expert milliner who will be pleased to show you  the latest styles  erwear  Jutt to hand���a large shipment of Ladies' anol Children's  Underwear of exceptional value"  Nightdresses  Made of the best Material*. 85c, $ I, to $2.75 up  Combinations   -  in Smart de*igntat...$|.25  $1.50, $1.75 and $2.50  Drawers  open and closed styles  30c 50c to $2.50 up  Corset Coven  in all determtiftfl* of'Em-  broidery and LaceBesignt  at 30c 45c to $1 JO up  Princess Slips  in tha latest ttvles, at  $li25,$l.75,to$3.75up  Underskirts  . in dainty materials and  |L5o!$1.75,to$3.75up  Just received���Tne new Pictorial Reviser Patterns for April  JermanHunt  DryCmiiStor* THURSDAY, MAECH 26, 191.5  -mm  KELOWNA  RECOBD  CONTINUES DAILY  Do. Not Delay Your Buying Any  Longer, we are Still Selling  Out the Richmond Stock  at prices that will save you 50c on every $ you spend at  this Closing-Out Sale. Also, many lines are going for  Less than Wholesale Prices, and*as raw materials are  getting scarce, and it is almost impossible.to import goods  just now, this price-cutting selling event should be of the  utmost importance to every man, woman and child in the  valley.   Everything in the store goes at deep-cut prices.  We still have many  lines in stock yoa may  need in Gents'Furnishings, Clothing, Boots &  Shoes, and Dry Goods  Here are a few of our Cut  Prices which attract the crowds  and deliver the goods:  Come to the place  where One Dollar  will do as much as  One Dollar and a  Half spent elsewhere  and do justice to  your purse.  Men't bos calf Bluchers, in all the lateal  t,yle.,reg.$5for $3.50  Men's high cut Boots in the bett makes,  reg.$8and$8.5Qfor $5,95  Men't low thoet in Walk-overt and other  good make*, reg. $5.50 to |6...$3.50  Men't solid leather English boott, in black  and lan, reg. $7 $4.95  Men't fine Dongola' Bluchers, reg. $4.00  for    .$2.50  Boys' box calf boots, reg. $3 $ j 95  Boys' Heavy box calf, with waterproof  tole.,reg.S3.50and$4 $2.45  Men't fine Underwear from the bett mak-  ken, tuch at Standfield's, Walton's, Penman's and Turnbull'a, all at tale pricet -  Per garment 50c, 75c,95c, SI.J! H 5  Men't Negligee Shirtt, reg. $1.50 75c  Working Shirtt in great variety at pricet  from  50c up  Men't Tie*, reg. 50c, for 25c  Men't Canvat Glovet 5c pair  Men't Sox, reg. 35c   25c  Men't Cashmere Sox, reg. 50c 35c  Men's Walk-over Boots, reg.$6.504j2,95  Ladies' box calf boots, in  black and tan,  aizesup to 3J, reg. $5 <fc j   7 5  Ladies' Walk-over boott  in many ���tylea,  �����������*��<> $3.50  Ladies'Strap Slippert, reg. $2.50.4 ) ,50  Old  Ladies' solid Comfort boots, sizes up  to 4, reg. $2.50  75c  3 Bottles of 25c Polish tor 25c  Ladiet' House Slippert. reg. $ 1.75<jj | , 2 5  Boys' and Girl't School Boots at big reduction! on every line.  Men't English cashmere, reg.40c & 45c25c  MEN'S SUITS. Navy Blue English worsted  reg. $30 and $25    $18.00  Men't English Tweed Suits-  Reg. $15.00 for    $8.50  Reg. $20.00 $13.00  Reg. $25.00 $18.00  35 Men't English and Scotch Tweed Suitt  ����� Half Price  Boys' Suite up to size 29 at Half Price  NOW is buying tim* (or tht boys  Again we urge you to take advantage of our Sale Prices on High-Class  Reliable Merchandise.  We have just received another lot of Dry  Goods, bought tome time ago, to be placed  on the bargain counter to effect tpeedy Sate  BARGAIN STORE FOR THE WHOLE FAMILY  Business Germany  is Tired ol War  A London iloilv Express *t..J|iat ii to  the Herald, dated LtLiWlita, Wednesday, aaysi |  "Significant paragraphs appelating in  the Uerman daily and weakly proas  make it clear tnat tke ifi'vi ��� iiraaiit  wishes the people to become airus-  tomed to the notion that tbe peace  Uerwany will be dole to gain wil rot  give her one inch ot surplus tnri'.ory. I  "liven a pan-Uerman newspaper like  the llerliner 1'ost, whose active con- <  tributor General Von Uernhardi was  for years, admits "it is not wise to  foroe Uerman nationality on people!  who are not Uerman and who aie not  worthy   of   being   turned into   Ger-  In several reviews the same notion iu  impressed on the readers with significant insistence. .Suddenly Unman)  discovers that the Aisatians, ihe l'olea  and Danes huve given her e1.ot.12h  trouble and that a "good peace" n ust  assure for her a "much needed rest  for inner rebuilding."  "Mo suoh rest is possible if Gar-  many annexes, say, Belgium, for the  Belgians have proved what tbey oan  do when attacked. God knows what  they will do to us if they think  want to conquer them."  Tho general comment on peace���  peace with Germany once wished to  be "glorious" and now hopes will be  "honorable"���is in a minor ley. Even  Maxmilian Harden, who has been  throughout the war the ,-ionic of  "frightfulness at any price" vcLiiers  what the peace will be and ' how the  dice are going to fall for Uerui'<ny."  In Der Hammer, Dr. Zimmerman  candidly says: "The question ia not  now whether Germany will l�� larger  after the war than before���that is out  of the question The question is  whether we will be permitted to keep  what we have."  The word which one formerly read  most often in the German press was  "victory;" it . is low "peaco.'' Not  that the Germans openly state that  they want peace; they would net be  allowed to print, that. But ihiy discuss it, and they accustom the ti-iur.-il  public to the prospect of a peioo that  might not, after all, be as glorious as  was hoped.  .What Traders Say  Commercial and financial interests  have been brought to bear on the military party. Trades in Uermuuy say:  "After all, this war haB lusted s<>ven  months, and the only i-ain -vo Uve  had is that the fighting has taken  place almost exclusively ou foieign  soil.   That is something   but 'hat    is  aaul   enaaugh.  "We have avoided destruction everywhere exceDt in Kast Prussia. But  what ol that? Our trade is i aiiued uud  our shipping has vanished from the  seas. Vie are on short rations, we  have no raw materials, no petroleum,  no copper. We shall be starving soon.  '"Our savings are dwindling down to  nothing. Unemployment, in up to of  the fact that muoh labor is needed for  the manufacture of ammunitions, is  increasing dangerously.  "How long are we going io stand by  and look at our armies gaining a fct,n-  dred yards whioh they lost 'lie rcxt  day?  "How long are we going to look at  the costly Zeppelins confining their  activities in fruitless raids, which kill  no soldiers, but only old .vonu-n, and  contribute in no small me/mure to  make everybody in the world turn  with horror and disgust at the very  name of Germany?  *How long are we going to look at  out bottled-up fleet in the* Baltio or  tbe Kaiser Wilhelm oanal, while England is continuing business as usual,  and far better than usual?  "We find fault with nobody��� rot  with the Kaiser nor with Von Moltke,  nor with Von Tirpitz or Zeppelin. But  we must own that the enterprise we  have undertaken is too much for rs.  We cannot win; that is sure. To continue is to make our loss irreoarable.  Let us keep what still can be Jaiept."  Hay Demand End of War  Suoh are the thoughts of ov iry German who is not yet blinded by militarism; suoh are the thoughts of tho  countless mothers and wives who have  lost their dear ones in what is now  admitted to bs a fruitless ind mn-  Bonaical war. However strong the military party is in Germany, it cannot  shut the mouth of every oitizen and  slowly, but with uncanny sureness, the  German nation Is waking up. to the  criminal folly of its leaders.  Unless tho Kaiser has entered 1'r.ris  or destroy the British fleet by  Easter, he oan bo sure that hit faithful people will, before two months, demand the ending of this war, vhich  has bean hit own doing and whioh  must prove hit undoing.  -W-  U. S. AGRICULTUttAL BJi.l.  The United States Soanto hns recently added a naw agricultural ! ill to  the many measures awaiting the at  tention of that body.  It is proposed, to create a I. 'can of  farm credits in ths treasury to make  loans; ol government funds 'hrotigh national banks on farm mort.;ago notes,  to run for ten years at 5 oar eegt. in  terest and of not less than S1HKI nor  moro than $10,000 to individuals.  United States 20-year 4' per cent,  bonds to establish a nermann it fund  of 110,000,000 to cover such loans  would bo authorized.  This measure will be of interest to  this provinoe for the reason th'at (although conditions of ninlioation will  doubtless differ widely) thc provisions  of the bill appear to follow pnwticul-  Iv the same lines as the bill pasf-eil by  the British Columbia legislature at tho  session just closed.  *.;.-'? ���/*%:���/ J".'*  Linoleums and  Carpets j  We have a splendid stock of Choice Designs  in Floor Coverings and would like you to  call and. look them over.   Nothing  will help your Spring Cleaning  more than to replace that  old,   worn-out   carpet  with a new one I  Kelowna Furniture Co.  COAL  COAL  PER TON  Famous Taber Lump - $10.50  Pensylvania Egg - 17.00  Pensylvania Stove - 17.00  Pensylvania Nut -   17.00  Phone  66  CASH MUST ACCOMPANY ORDERS  W. HAUG  P.O. Box  166  Every step counts these Hard Times  It will pay you to take a few steps on Water Street to  get a Bargain at the  Second-Hand Store  I'll Guarantee " You From  10 to SO per  cent, on every purchase you make  I have the most varied assortment of Household Goodt in  Kelowna. Come in and inspect the goodt, it will pay you for  your trouble.   A line of China and Crockery.always in stock  A. E. COX SECOND-HAND STORE  We have what you want in  Common and Finish  Doors  Windows        'Sliingles  Prices right      Delivery prompt ���*  . atisfaction guaranteed  Kelowna Saw-Mill Company, Limited  D. LLOYD.JONES  Managing-Director  Tomato Growers  Pay no attention to  those, l-know-it-all fellows that are  shouting their mouth off about the Kelowna Cannery.  When you are down in the mouth remember Jonah,  he came out all right.   You will, too, if you  Plant Campbell Quality of Tomato Plants  P. E. CAMPBELL  Corner ol St. Paul Street and Cawaton Avenue ������      .. ...    Kelowna  CABBAGE AND BEDDING PLANTS IN ABUNDANCE  . ,'.-������: .������:���������' !.\wlt it PAtriVOJtM  KELOWNA   RECORD  The Kelowna Land &  Orchard Co., Ltd.  tWrporatsd 1904)       Proprietors of the Priests' Orchard  NURSERY  STOCK  We are now taking orders for  all Commercial Varieties  THE RANCH  Blacksmitking dens.     Weighbridge.    Oats crushed.    Fence potts, Milk,  Potatoes, Apples, Ate, for Sale.  Apply ta the Ranch Manager or Ranch Office.   Phone 2202 j P.O. Box 209  ���    i ���   ���  OFFICE HOURS:  City Office :  9 to 12 i  1.30 to 5 throughout the week.  Ranch Office:  9 to 12 ;  I to 5.30, excepting Thursday, closing at 12 noon.  P.O. BOX 580  Belgo-Canadian Block  PHONE 5  O.K. LUMBER COJJd.  Ara now completely equipped to supply all  your lumber needs.  We have a large stock, of local and  coast  ROUGH AND FINISHING LUMBER  ���f high-grade quality and in splendid condition.  A complete line of  DOORS AND  WINDOWS  LATH AND SHINGLES  I Want to Say  that when we intimate that we Repair Leather Goods, we mean  EVERYTHING made of Leather���including Harness, Boots  and Shoes, Grips, Leggings, Belts, rkc.  If it is made of Leather we can repair it  THOMLINSON, Harnetsmaker  Phone ��� 347  WATER STREET  KELOWNA  Nest door to 25c Store  -MADE IN CANADA"  Ford Runabout  Price $540  Prices of other Ford cars are:  Five-Passenger Touring Car $590,  Two-Passenger Coupelet, $850,  Five-Passenger Sedan, $1150. All  cars fully equipped,, including electric headlights. Prices F.O.B. Ford,  Ont. Buyers of all Ford cars will  share in our profits if we sell 30,000  cart between August I, 1914, and  August 1,1915. All Ford cars are  on exhibition at  BURBANK MOTOR CO. - KELOWNA, B.C.  ��� TOWN AND COUNTRY NOTES  Mr. W. G. Benson returned a-'utiinlay  from tt visit to the coast.  * *    #  Mr. and Mrs. K. F. Oxley und family went to the coast Tuesday fi-i* a  short visit.  * #    *  Mr. W. M. Jul wards left yestoi'duy  morning for    a short    visit    to    the  coast.  # *    *  Private Henry Lefevre; of ' lolmi's  Tigers" cuuio in Monday on a few  duys leuvo from Wflbouver.  # #   #  Geo. Neumeyer is leaving for Kd-  monton today and will' spend a short  time there before proceeding to .'.elding,  SurtU.  # #   #  Mr. Frank Hrowu. who has for some  timo been connected with the Oak  Hull Clothing Co.'s staff left on Wednesday for Toronto. He wus taken as  fur us Vernon by uuto accompanied  by Bevcral locttl ucquuintances.  '  # #    #  The next regular meeting of the  Kelowna Study Club will be held ut  the home of Mrs. Curia, bernard avenue on Thursday evening. April Ut ut  8 o'clock  * #   #  The ladies of the ".Garth" will receive for the lust time this season on  Saturday, March 27th. Miss Lul'Uvell  will receive with them.  # *   *  t,  Mr. und Mrs. .1, Charlton were  umong tho urrivnls by lust Friday's  bout after a stay of several months  in Toronto, .lack und his bride were  given a cordial welcome bv mun\ of  their friends.  * #   *  -Mr. T, A. F. Wiancko, pi-ovlnfdal  dairy instructor was in town hist week  end to confer with the committoo who  havo the proposed creamery in hr.nd.  * #   *  Mr. and Mrs. W,. Prioe arrived luBt  Friday from Atwood, Ont,, and will  take up# their residence in Kelowna.  Mr. Price is a brother-in-law of Mr. D.  D. Campbell, und will assist the latter  in the work of the store.5 ,Mr. Campbell's father also returned to Kel >wna  after n stay east.  BAPTIST YOUNG PE0P.&UB  SOCIETY  To most people Russia is ��� only  known us ono of the countries forming purt of Europe, and is, by thein  generally supposed*, to be very far  behind the other great powers iu the  race for "higher civilization." Those  uttending tho Baptist Young People's  Society meeting on Monduy hid an  excellent opportunity afforded them of  hearing both sides of the question,  and incidentally some vory tutoypstlng  facts, when two splendid oapars WWy  read by MisB Fullorton, and AMsb Mc-  Xaughton, on "Russia."  The speakers dealt with lhe people,  history, religion and customs of this  mense empire und in a vet*y interesting way pointed out tho vast possibilities lying dormant in our ' Eastern Ally."  After tho papers had been read, the  Russian national anthem wus played  und u hearty vote of thanks to the  speakers brought an instructive ovening to a close.  Next week will be "An ovening in  China," when several members will  take part in a "Rice eating competition" using chop-sticks in lien of, the  ordinary spoon.  MILLINERY OPENING  A lengthy and varied piogium of  music is being prepared by the Buptist choir for Easter Sunday evening.  April 4th.  # #    #  The B. C. Variety Syndicate which  has brunches in various towns bus  opened u bargain store in .'..-lowna,  and celebrated thoir first day last  Saturday by giving to the youngsters  1.1.wis of gold fish, whioh needless to  Buy proved u strong drawing card.  Mr. U. P. Menzies is the manager.  # *   *  Mr. and Mrs. L. Holman and their  daughter returned last Friday from  Montreal. Mr. Holman worn, east with  tlu: shipment of tobacco frt.u Kclowna  t��} Youngheart & Co., and his been  engaged since in the curing and finishing of it. The tobacco turned out so  well its to encourage the firm lo undertake 'the growing of an extensive  crop this year, and it is understood  thut Mr. Holman is to make arrangements for the planting of some  250 acres of tobacco on land leas'.d by  Youngheart & Co., and also fir as  much moro a" individual ranchers riiby  be disposed to grow.  # #    #  Last "Saturday the government coble  which is to give the people of the west  side and north ward telephone connection with Kclowna was imcciMsfully  laid by the department's men. The  cable is a little over a mile in length  and weighed over 3J tons. It was  loaded on to Campbell's scow n\, the  car slip Saturday morning, and in-the  afternoon, taking advantage of the  calm water the cable was made fast  at thia end and the scow towed across  to tho other side, the cable unwinding  and falling to its place without any  hHch. The instruments are hoing installed at once, to the new subscribers, and the whole system should bo  in running order in a few days.  BIRTH  HEDGES.- On Monday, March & to  Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Hedges, a sou.  WILLING WORKERS "AT JIUJIE"  An "At Home" was held in the  Baptist church on Thursday evening  last, March 18th, under the auspices  of the Willing. Workers Society. Many  invitations were extended und the  room was well filled, As tho I rogram  s of a patriotic character, tho  church was gaily decorated wit'ft flags  und bunting to suit the occasion.  The evening opened with a hvmn and  prayer and then a report of the society's work was read by Miss jYwana.  The following items were rendered  during the evening;  Chorus. "Soldiers of the King," and  "Recollections of Home."  Solo. '���'Empress of the Waves," Ly  Mr. Weeks.  Scotch solo.���"Robin Adair", by  Mrs. Felton.  Quartette. "Dame Dunden."  Irish boIo. "Terence's Farewell''   by  Mr. Weeks.  IS utional uirs of Franco, Belgium,  ltussiu, Japan, Britain.  tJod Save the King.  Those taking part in tho program  wore in national dress.  Contest. "Lost Identity."  Refreshments were then served after  which a collection was taken which  amounted to $12.00 whieh is to be devoted to ehurch funds.  The singin" of the national anthem  brought a most enjoyable naming to  a close.  ' THURSDAY; MAfiCH OS; IMS  Mrs. M. A. Rattenbury tegs to un-  nounco her annual spring millinery  opening on Friday and Saturday. 2(ith  and 27th March when all tho ltttmft  and newest styles will be -l.-iwu. You  are cordially invited Lo attend. Come  early, the prices will atopeal '���> v.iut  PHOTO .SHOWING FART OF J-A-SPORT AND PRINCIPAL IN   ILNi tl)  STATES GOVERN Ml,NT PAS8P0MT CASE  Richard P. Stagier, who will 'rural others has reoently been :.rr..ptal  by U. S. Government officials All 1 accused of securing fraudulent passports,  to aid their entrance into England to   aot as spies.  For the Farm and  HI  The Spring weather will soon be on us and  every Farmer should get his equipment  ready to take advantage of an early start.  John Deere Plows, Spring  Tooth and Disk Harrows,  Lever and Diamond Harrows  Comb Seeders & Cultivators  FARM SEEDS  Timothy, Clover and Alfalfa  POULTRY SUPPLIES  Pratts Reliable Poultry Food  Baby Chick Food (Specially for young  chicks); Poultry Regulator, Lice   Killer,  Roup Tablets, Etc., Etc. -  W. R. Glenn & Son  Pendozi st. & Lawrence Avenue - KELOWNA  ��   PHONE 150  *��*  We Have Funds to Invest  on First Mortgages  HEWETSON and MANTLE. Ltd.  Situated within one half mile of town, and being  about loo foot above the lake, it command, a beautiful view of the town, lalre and .urrounding country.  Ideal Fruit Soil. Abundance of Watar.  Close to Town and Market.  There ia only one GLENMORE. 'Don't min the ep.  poriurity of .electing a few acre, of thie dosireblo  properly.  i  Just a Word Aboat Flou.  ��� 5a���  The price of thii indispensable commodity continue! to advance.   Winter wheat Fancy Patent  being quoted at $8.55 per bbl.    We quote net  cath pricri on  Ogilvie's R. Hd. Flour, 981k. sack $4.45  I Can Eggo Baking Powder 25  4.70 for $4.45  Ogilvie's Glenora, 98lb. tack $4.25  I Can Eggo Baking Powder...    .25  A.50J6r$4J5     *  I  Neole. Seville marmalade  lib.  glee., each  20c  Holbrook'a Potato Flour for cake,  and pudding., Sweet, Light  andea.ytodige.1, llb.pkg... 15c  Ground Rice, lib. pkga., 2 lor... 25c  Ground Arrowroot, lib, pkg  25c  Neapolitan Macaroni, imported  from Italy, per lb  13c  Preserved Fruit in sealers, Home  made, pluma, pears,cheriee  any variety, I Economy qt.  sealer and fruit  J5c  Lobster Special, half-lb. tin., Atlantic Lobster, each Ut  J  Good Cooking Apples, Special far Week End, per boi....^.... Me  Dutch Ml Onion., Fine Sample,  per pound   25c  Sunbeam Tee, You'll like it, lb, 50c  Our own Blend Bulk Tea, Reg.  40c, 3 lbs. for  IjOO  Fresh Ground Coffee, 3 lba. for 1.00  WE WANT YOUR GROCERY BUSINESS-LOOK US UP  D. D. CAMPBELL  Phone Three Oh I Phont Three Oh I  I ' TSURSDAY, MABCH 25, 1015  KELOWNA  &BCOU)  nanrrrt  .-aSSnBBKSSSS  ���*    PROFESSIONAL AND   �����  ?������      BUSINESS CAI.DS     *��  /BURNS & TBMPLE  Sonciton,  :  Notariet Public,'-  Conveyancera, etc.  JKEIOWNA. B.C.  R. B. KERR  <      Barrister  and Solicitor,  ; Notary. Public  [KE1-OWNA, :: B.C  WEDDELL & CRIBBLE  BARRISTER, SOLICITORS, and  MOTARIBS PUBLIC  10. "Wtlltt-a Block   -   Xelowns, B.C.  P. EDMUND CORBY  Mawriar aaf th. B.C. Society ef Artkkeota  Architect  I Kelowna, B.C.  P.O. Box, 509  | C. Harvey, B.A, Sc., CE, D.LS., B.C.I J,  .     CHARLES  HARVEY,  CIVIL ENGINEER and   LAND  SURVEYOR.  Kelowna,   B. C  Phone l47. P.O. Bra 231  PIANOFORTE  MR. HAROLD TOD BOYD  bee resumed his teaching claa.ee and will  receive pupils ee before in hie studio-  Trench Block, Kelowna.  P.O. bra 374  RICHARD H. PARKINSON  BRITISH COLUMBIA LAND  SURVEYOR.  CIVIL ENGINEER  P.O. BOX 137  KELOWNA  F. W. GROVES  M. Can.Soe.CE.  Consulting Cloil arid Hydraulic  Engineer  B.C. Land Suroeyor  Survey, uad Reperta on Irrifnuion Work.  Appltat'oraB for Wren Licraaea  KELOWNA, B.C.  ���  H. C. ROWLEY F. REYNOLDS  A.M.1M.C.E..A.M.CM.SOC.C.E.       B.C.LS  ROWLEY & REYNOLDS  Cloil Engineers sod Land Suroeyors  Water Supply, Irrigrab'oo. Subdrvidona. etc  Dr. J. W. Nelson Shepherd  DBNTI8T  P.O. Hoar US 'racial*  Comer Peneozi Street and  Lawrence Avenue.  JOHN CURTS  CONTRACTOR <r BUILDER  Plans and Specifications Prepared  aad estimates given for publicBuild-  ings,Town and Country Residences  JOHN CURTS, KELOWNA  ,PHONENo.9J  8.*W.THAYER, D.V.S.  VETERINARY SUR0B0N     .  (Gcadaatt McCul Uomnttj)  Residence : GLENN AVENUE  Messages may be left at the office of  Meears. Rattenbury tt Wilaaau  THEOSOPHIC AL SOCIETY  "KELOWNA LODGE"  Mistlsgi every Tuesday evening, at8p.m.,  atlbe refdeoce of S. M.Coia,Patteieoa Av.  Publie Invited.   Leading library.  'V#*-  S.M. GORE. See.  P.O.Ro��Jo2  Save 5Q p.c.  on your Boots and Show  Have them repaired  Promptly,  Properly &  Cheaply  -by up-to-date machinery  Frank Knapton'  Bernard Avenue  Their Projectiles  ��� Sal^  The mohern field gun in all  armies is a weapon of about 3  inch calibre (that is to say, firing a projectile of 3 inch diameter) which is so constructed that  it does not jump back or require to be relaid each time  that it is fired. To hold the  gun steady it is fitted with a  cradle on which it slides whon  it recoils, and the force of the  recoil is checked by :i buffer  The carriage is prevented from  shifting by strong brakes on the  wheels and a spade on thc trail  of the gun, which is buried in  the ground.  The gunners are protected  while working the o-un, bv a  steel shield which is proof to  rifle or shrapnel bullets.  Close beside the gun when it  goes into action is the.ammunition wagon, sometimes called  caisson. This is steel elated in  front so as to shelter the men  behind it. It contains a large  number of rounds, so placed as  to be easily handled. In the  French ammunition wagon there  are seventy two rounds and  when these have been fired thc  wagon is replaced bv another or  sent to the rear to be refilled  The weight of the shell fired  from the British field gun is 18';  pounds, from the French and  German guns about 15 pounds.  The projectiles fired by iielil  guns are two, shell and shrapnel. Shells are cases of steel  containing a charge of high explosive, usually lyddite which  is a preparation of picric acid  The charge is detonated by a  fuse, which may be either time,  set to go off a certain number  of seconds or fractions of a second after leaving the trim, or  percussion, which explodes on  striking some object, such as  the ground or a gun shield.  Shrapnel, so called after their  inventor, the British General  Shrapnel, are thin cases of very  tough steel containing a large  number of bullets���in the British artillery 263 and in French  and German 300���with a small  bursting charge at the base of  the projectile. The bursting  charge breaks the thin steel case  anil the bullets sweep forward  with the velocity imparted to  the projectile by the gun. The  shrapnel is regarded as a good  "man-killer"; they.are quite  ineffective against' buildings,  where shells are deadlv. For tbe  attack of field guns and buildings and for action against the  troops- in trenches most armies  employ howitzers, which are  short, squat guns which toss  their projectiles high in the  air (high-angle fire), tn the  British army every division his  54 field guns and 18 howitzers  [These howitzers ore of 4.5 inch  calibre, firing a. shell 4.3 incites  in. diameter and weighing 2  bounds. They have a range of  17,200 yards, which is iooo  Vards greater than the range of  the British field gun.  The defect of the howitzer is  that its shell is very heavy and  consequently much fewer rounds  can be carried than with the  field gun. There is no security  that a single howitzer shell will  do twice the damage of an ordinary field gun shell, Uiougn it  weighs twice as much.  The French do not employ a  howitzer in their field artillery.  The Germane have a heavy pattern of 6-inch calibre, firing a  shell of about 90 pounds, and ��  lighter pattern of 4.2-inch calibre. Bach army corps has 78 of  the lighter and 16 of the heavier howitzers, in addition to 126  field guns.  Heavy artillery is taken into  the field by most armies except  the French. The British division  has with it'four admit**! 60-  pounder guns, which have a  range of 9,.yx> yards and ' are  very effective against buildings  and masonry fortifications. The  siege artillery of a still heavier  type is also sometimes employ*1  ed, though siege weapons are  so, heavy and ponderous that  .thev become 'dangerous to anv  army which is not certain of  being able to advance. Moreover  the supply of ammunition for  them is a grave problem, and  the effect of their fire against  armies in the field, though terrifying at firs, to untrained  .troops, is comparatively light.  The chief siege guns which are  all howitzers, are as follows:  y Tons  British 9.4 in., s'-i tons  carriage and equipment 20  German, 11.2-in.,   6 tons '  carriage and equipment 23  French, 10.7-in., ."-^.tons  carriage and equipment 22  Russian,   12-in., ' 6  tons  carriage and equipment 28  The troubles of a commauder'  doomed to drag about with him  weapons weighing u tons in  wet weather on bad roads may  be imagined. The Britisn army  will onlv hope that General Von  Kluck has remembered to take  with him some of the German  16 inch howitzers which did so  much damage at Namur.  Machine guns ore weapons  which fire rifle cartridges with  great speed by mechanical  means,, the f01 ce of the recoil  being generally used to reload  the. gun. They are very portable and exceedinglydeadly and  make remarkably good shoot-  shooting. Thus, in a test 42  British first class shots were  pitted against a machine gun  and each fired at the same target for one minute. The machine gun discharged 228 rounds  and made 69 hits; the 42 marksmen fired 408 rounds and made  62 hits.  The British machine gun is 'a  Maxim; the French the Hotch-  kiss or Puteaux; the German the  Maxim; the Austrian the Sch-  warzlose. In all cases machine  guns are attached to thc infantry, the proportion in the British, French and German armies  being two guns per battalion of  1000 men. The British armv  has always taken the lead in  the use and employment of thc  machine gun.  A pontoon, used for bri'lginir  rivers, is a lightly built punt,  usually made of canvass stretched over a steel or wooden frame.  The pontoons are conveyed in  wagons, and there are 23 in  each British brideing train, sufficient to build a bridge too  vards long. The time"required  is about four hours.  An army corps, a term which  constantly recurs in war telegrams, varies in strength according to the various armies,  and may not be the same for  the same army at all times.  The British armv corps is about  38,000 men strong; the Austrian  is 55,000 strong; the German  Russian and French vary from  40,000 to 5.5,000.'  A division of infantry "aries  from 14,000 to 18,000 men. A  division of cavalry is from 3000  to 4000 men. A brigade of infan-  To Teach Agriculture  in  ��� ���  The Department of Education  for,this province has decided to  include agriculture as an optional subject in the high scltools,  thereby making it possible for  boys to pursue this branch of  study after leaving the public  school. Competent teachers,  with special qualifications as  instructors in the different  branches of agriculture, will be  appointed in these high schools,  which will be chosen from those  schools situated in the best agricultural districts. These agricultural specialists; in addition  to thc teaching of agriculture  proper, will also assist in the  teaching of some of the regular  science work of the high school,  especially the biological part.;  They will also spend a part of  each week supervising the work  in elementary agriculture and  school gardening in the public  schools of the district or municipalities in which the high  schools are situated. Extension  classes in agriculture will be  opened in these Darticular high  schools for boys and young men  who are not regular students in  the hitrh school and who <-an  give only a portion of their time  to such studies. These classes  will be held either durin<r the  dav or in the evening as may be  found convenient or desirable.  The Doukhobor sooiety ,it brilliant  has about completed tho 'nartf.ilction  oi a plnnt for the manufacture of  wooden pipe and will this vear manufacture for itself all the pipe necessary for tho extension of its extensive  waterworks system at the various pet-  tlemonts and for irrigation purposes,  according to John Shorbinin, business  manager for the community.  LeMue  sin Fon  Again Formed  The warm weather of the past few  weeks has awakened the baseball bug  in the heads of the lovers of the great  outdoor games and especially in the  school boys.  During the past week meetings have  been held at various plaoes for the  reorganization of the teams that last  season comprised the Sohools L'.'igue,  and the four teams representing the  high sohool and publio sohool in the  oity and the Ellison and Kutland  schools have again signified their willingness to enter tbe league. The  teams are now fully organized 'rnd the  players are practicing hard ail every  opportunity to aret in tip-top shape to  be ready to open the league schedule  on Saturday, April 3rd.  The games will, of course Ire r-luvod  on .Saturday throughout the soisou,  with the einglo exception of May  ���Mth and will close on Saturday, .iune  13th, thus allowing twelve <j-ames to  be played by eaoh team.  The schedule will be so an-nnged  that tbe larger part of tbe games will  be played in the oitv. This won done  last year and was found to work out  vory well as it is muoh easier for the  country teams to get into the city  than for the oity teams to get but  to the oountry.  There will be some changes in the  line ups of the the teams from that  of last year as many of the players  have ohanged from one sohool to the  other or have taken up resialonco in  other districts but at present the  prospects are that the teams will be  pretty evenly balanced.  The opening games to be playcl cn  Saturday of next week, April 3rd will  bo as follows:  Kliison at Rutland.  Publio sohool at High school.  Further details and the tilnyiwr  schedule for the season will be, given  in next week's issue.  try is from 3000 to 4000, a uri-  trade of cavalry from 1000 to  2000.  A battalion of infantry is  1000 stromr, coinroseil of four  companies each 250 strong, A  battery of artillerv has fro.i*  four to six guns and is usual'-  about 200 men stronrr. A squad  ron of cavalry is from .30 lo  160 men strong.  An army is composed oi two  or more army corps. Thus, to  take an example, thc German  Crown Prince's armv is believed  to be composed of four German  armv corps, or about 220.000  men.  ASTROI.OGICAI.I.Y SPEA UtlQ  The full moon occurs at V.Ui p.m.  (1'acific time) on March 30th.  Monday, Tuesday and rVedne^day,  39th, 30th and 31st are not very good  days for sowing and planting ns the  moon will bo in unfruitful signs.  Thursday and Friday, April Jet nnd  Snd wiil be excellent days for sowing  such things as grow under the earth,  suoh as artichokes, beets, carrots parsnips, potatoes, radish, turnip and  bulbous flowering plants. Cultivation,  water and sun of course are neoessary  for success in gardening, but it is sure  ly wise to take advantage of ill tho  foroes of nature, aeon and unseen.  There is nothing more wonderful in  the moon's effect on animal aud vegetable growth or cellular multiplication  than there is in the different eliects  obtained by the use of different color,  od lights or electric rays���and we ore  no nearer understanding the ono than  the other, but that is no reason for  refusing to make a practical use of  them.���Mrs. Gore.  The Quick and  the Dead  IT waa an old-fashioned habit of newt-  . paper readers to turn first of all to the  death notices on picking up a newspaper.  Nowadays, people turn more often to  the advertisements of the live merchants..  They are interested in the quick, and  the quickest men in town are the merchants  who Advertise.  They are the business progressives-  men with a message to deliver.  They back up words with deeds. They  make good.'  It is a safe axiom that it is always safest  to trade with the man who advertises.  ye has a promise to live up to. and he  knows his future depends on his ability to  make good.  Read thc advertisements in The Record  and patronize the merchants who advertise.  You will find that it pays.  The Dominion government department of mines, have prepared for free  distribution, a handy little booklet entitled "Notes on Radium-bearing  Ores." The subject matter condensed  into an unusually small s|>au, ia free  from scientific technicalities, and loadable to the individual posBer-ping the  most elementary educational ability.  In view of tbe standing reward of five  thousand dollars offered by the provincial government to the diaatoverer  of a radium-bearing ore deposit in  the province of B. C. A copv of  this handbook should form put of the  kit of every prospector. Aceorjisg to  the author the method of 'lotormining  whether a piece of ore -osBesses radioactive properties is the aome cf sim-  plioicy. All that is required for the  operation is a ooiatisioope, an instru  mentment that can be purchased for  two or three dollars. Another simple  tost is that afforded by a sensitired  photographic plate or film. Plaoe the  piece of suspected ore on the plute,  wrap thom both up in a few folds of  plack paper and shut them up in a  dark room or box lor a few ib.ya. If  the ore contain, radium,' .he pinto  on being developed will be light struck  A kev or other small metal object  may alao be introduood between the  plate and piece of on. If this is diane  the result will be a pioture of the  artiole employed. A* nrospeotor could  oasilv conduct about 34 such tests for  an outlay of about 78 cents.  THE MARCH TO THE BATfLE--  FIKLDSj OR CANADA'S  MEN ON THE WAY.  The above is tho title given a pioture that will for many vears to oome  be a highly prised treasure. It is a  photographic reproduction showing  the 93,000 men of Canada's firat contingent breaking camp and on the  march to join the continental forces.  It shows miles end miles of the white  tent* and the marching men. It ia a  most inspirin" sight. The size is 20 x  46 inches, already for framing. This  picture k sure to be a popular souvenir of the war as far as Canada is  concerned, and will be in great demand. It is owned by the Family  Herald and Weekly Star, of Montreal,  and a copy ia being presented to all  subscribers to that great national  weekly newspaper, whose subscription ol ons dollar a year is loooived  from, thia date for a limited period.   O���������  AH British Columbia troops or* to  wear boots made in this proviuoe and  a Vanoouver manufacturer wires 1 footwear for the first contingent met with  approval ie said to have seoairen* an  order for 10,000 pain,  Spring  Stationery  ���3 If you are interested  in the Latest Stationery  Styles don't fail to come  in and see the assortment of correspondence  papers we are sr owing.  ���3 The line represents  ill that is latest and best  in quality, tint or design.  ���3 A pleasing array of  bulk papers and tablets  in Linen, Bonds and  Novelties, of various  shapes and sizes.  P.B.WilliU&Co.  DRUGGISTS AND  STATIONERS  Phone 19 Kelowna. B.C.  W. EASTON  Picture Fraroer and Cabinet Maker  General Jobbing  Furniture Repairs  Shop Fitting  Picture Framing  LAWRENCE AVENUE  Oppoatre Itta Burbruik Motor Gu��*e  The Tweed'  Sanitary Closet  la odorles*  when in  use  Sanitary at  all timea  Call and  inspect  them  DARK, the Shoeman  Kelowna Agent  Oppo.ite Board of Trad* Office  J. H. CROFT  Bootmaker.  All kinds of Repairs  BERNARD AVENUE,  JCEL0WNA.  |*^rVVVWVVLiVMa^^w-(V-^>eV��^��*��rV->  J. A. BIGGER  BUILDER AND CONTRACTOR  KELOWNA-WEST BANK  STEAM FERRY  Lures Kelowaa 9 ��.���., 3.30 p.m  hunt Wsrtbaak I.Ni.i.,4 pjm.  Extra Service on ���������������  Wednesdays & Saturdays   I  UsvetKaJatjMllaUB.  Urns WfatWik 11.30 e.m.  TERMS CASH  JAMES I. CAMPBELL  thoae Na. I0S  ���ii^n^nnH PAGE SIX  KELOWNA   RECORD  eici'��; HoavH 'ivasaoHi  A Pound of  Washing!  Here's the best and fairest system yet for finished family  work:���  We wash the goods, dry them  and finish the flat, or household work, at a charge of 6c  per pound (dry). Then we  make a very reasonable lime  charge for ironing wearing apparel. Its worth trying, as only  a trial will convince you of  the ECONOMY of this plan.  Note���All family bundles are  waahed separately under sanitary conditions,  Note again���In sending ua  your bundle you are riffordirg  genuine relief work to llia.se  who need it.  Note e*pecially--The excellence of our work should be  alone nearly enough reason to  induce you to keep ya.ur mon-  ey in Kelowna and not to  support Pekin.  The KELOWNA STEAM LAUNDRY  ANNUAL SHAREHOLDERS'  MEETING OF KELOWNA  GROWERS' EXCHANGE  (Contiiiut'tl Irom I'liirc 1.)  kit close as Lo the probable cont of  shipping through the assuei.it ioa'a  own agencies on the prairies, u�� which  Mr. Beekie replied that in hia onhuuii  such agencies would cost more than  shipping through the brokers.  Dr. Jones also shared this view.  He had no doubt whatever that Saob  a system would increase the �� iftt of  handling, but whether it would (to increase the proceeds so as to give Letter returns to the grower no HI.I not  know,   but he thought it ougnt ,<>.  Mr. M. Hereron changed the (nurse  of the discussion to Manager Robertson bv declaring that the Cenval lad  no policy and nothing but sUntght  bluff, and he advis.-d the farmnra to  past a resolution of lack of confidi-noo  in Mr. Bobertson. The board of directors, he claimed were nownoce. Mr.  Robertson was the whole tl.ltig, and  thev should instruct their mon from  Kelowna to say that Robor'.S'in must  go.  This evidently touched tho spot in-  there were secondoss from all |t*>ttn of  the room.  Dr. Jones said that if the r-JtMroJtcld-  ers so wished he had no doubt but  that the representatives from Kelowna would carry out thoir wishes, but  he pointed out thut represoto-itoVes  from every part of tho valley HUltyoit-  ed a voLo of confidence in Air. )t/'bfrt-  son, uud Kelowna's vote 'iluue could  not chunge4things. He made Liientio:  of the fuct that arrangements had  been made to reduce Mr. Ho burn on'a  salurv, in fact Mr. ftoberia-jii hud  agreed to accept any salary ttsBigneri  to him by the directors. If tho |��Vb-  ent manugor did stop he believed his  actions should be more subject to ihe  wishes of the shareholders, und thut  a strong executive be n control,  Mr. Leckie suggested that UJSbuid of  voting against Mr. liobertson, which  would apparently be turned dowa at  tho Coutrul board, they withdraw their  sii-��ort from tho Central and nial*  what terms they could later. Then  thov would not bo responsible for Mr.  Robertson's reappointment and salary  This ingenious suggestion, bcwoVer,  though seconded by Mr. T. -J, ftyeer  wus ruled out of order by the Chair  man, ou tho grounds that too ninny  other things would have to lw <M a:  ed before such a resolution (Mild be  passed.  Tho    original resolution    of luik of  confidence was eventually put  Ui    tin  meeting und pussod with Iwu'dly    nn  dissent.  Mr. J. E. Kcekio undertook i<- do  fund Mr. Kobortson from whicii he re  garden* as unfair attucks. He suid  he did not contend that Air. Robert  son was the only man who could hfin  dlo that position, but it wojld bi  hard to get anotlicr man to step n  at the present moment and .lo better  Mr. John Casorso: "Suppose he die'!'  (loud laughter).  Mr. Reekie said it was easier to fill  a man's place sometimes if ho died  than if he went on living. He pointed out that the growers of L'eaohl.ind  Armstrong and Summerland were prepared to support Mr, Robertson. No  ono district could dictate to lhe wbol  valley. I f the valley required it h  wus prepared to support Mr. Robertson but if the vallev demanded < llier  wise ho was prepared to vote for his  retirement,  Much of the remaining time nfC the  mooting was spent in a discussion of a  proposal to purchase t he entiro '-rop  of the vallev at a fixed nrice to thi  grower, a proposal which seemed to  find favor with the majority, uud  resolution was passed later endci'f.  this on condition that the directors  were able to make sat.efaotorv Inma  A vote was taken for a bo'Wd ol  seven directors, tlio following name  i being selected from eleven miTiosed  ; Dr. W. W. Jones. .1. G. Reokio, A  j Crichton Snoncer, M. Hereron. W. H.  Hobaon, H. Francis and 11. I.eck'ft.  | A resolution was passed tU.it (1000  . be appropriated as last vear. S3 pe  ' meeting to bo mid to directors und  I the balance to the executive,  Mr. lr. C. Jackson was reappointed  ' auditor for next year.  Wanted  laar Oyama and District, a'WHITE  LAUNDRY.     Good opening.  Apply  S-cretary, Ovama Board of Trade  ie-2ip  If you like the girl and she likes you,  Then take her to The Rendezvous.  "THE RENDEZVOUS"  BERNARD AVENUE  OPPOSITE ROYAL BANK  A new and up-to-date Ice Cream Parlor and Tea Rooms  NOW OPEN  Whtn you have done your ..hopping, and feeling tired and "blue,*'  Jutt try a light refreshment, down at the Rendezvous.  Whtie you will be  supplied with all kinds of up-to.date refreshments at  moderate prices.   Call once and we are sure you will call again  W. M EDWARDS  Edward's Cash Grocery  Bernard Avenue  Oppoiite Put Office  GROCERIES FREE  All Money Received on a Certain Day Thii Month will be Returned  | jf.ln addition to my Cheap Cash Groceries I wish to  inform the public of Kelowna 1 am taking one day this  month, between March 5th and 31st, on which All  Groceries are Free, and money taken on that day will  be returned to the purchasers.  I am doing thi. to .how my appreciation of your very  liberal  patronage.   The date of the day i. placed in a sealed envelope  _ and deposited at the Kelowna Record Office to be opened on  ths laat day of March by the manager, and will ba published in  The Kelowna Record on April l.t.  Dated receipts will be given for every purchase. Be  ���ure and keep your Receipts. If you make a purchase  every day you are certain to hit the right one I  *    IT PAYS TO DEAL FOR CASH  We guarantee Attention and satisfaction to all customers.   Phone your  ordera to 39 and they will receive our prompt attention  W. M. EDWARDS  ���*at>MM��W^.^����*>>��t��    l|l I        II  { WANTED!"!  1*01* SALE. Lelevre estate. Now is  vour* chance for a eood improved  ranch, the best buy in the Okanagan  One hundred and forty-trOM acres,  all fenced, a fine creek runs through  the property, best of land, with its  own irrigation system, in the heart  of the Orchard distriot, on the main  roual. atnlv three miles from Kolowna  mail delivered at door every ikv  Must be sold to wind up estate. Address P.O. Box 157, Kelowna, B.C.  UAY FOlt SALU.-Clovor ani nlfnliai  delivered. Price on ��i>nlio>it.ion i--  Ho-. 195, Kelowna. 9tf.  FOR SANK.���Pony broken vo ride or  drive, cheap. Apply P.O. 'ilex 453,  Kolowna. Ptl.  PIGS FOR SALE. AH sues  all prices. Buv now while ihey  are cheap. G. Whitaker Vernon Koatl, Ellison district, xtf  ���20 llll.lv COWS FOR SAl.l".-Ono  fresh calved, and three to calve very  shortly. Applv II. H. Burtch, ci Jas  Uowos,  Sunset  Ranch. lltf.  FOR SALE���Pan of Whito l.irhorns,  Also number of fine pullets, liivin".  W. post olTice, Rutland. l*p  FOR SALE.���Small greon hotwe Sx 18  feet, 3!) lengths of stovo pipa. and  75 lights of gluss 10 x 18 ins'ios. Applv A. II. Johnston. Rutland .  FOR SAL 13.��� Kara organ, Piuno ease  nnd 14 B. Rock pullets, fi. Flotrhcr  Richter street. 17tf  FOR SALE���One registered I'arkshii'e  Boar, also one Bred Sow. White Leghorn yearling hens (Hanson's strain)  W. F. Golightly, Okanagan Mission.  1S-19  FOR SALE.���One pair of brown geldings, Clyde drafts, 5 and 6 jears old,  kind and gentle anal (rood to work,  used fo lorrging and all kinds of  hard work. Have been iseU ut mine  for 12 months on road work anal  have no further use for them. Can  be seen at Mr. Rembler Par i's Bernard avonue. Will be .sold 'it rea-  sonablo figure. 17-1S  FOR SALE.���'Nine hens ani a va'ck,  pure bred Bull Orpingtons, iraiin pri/.e  winning stock. Apply A. 11. Johnston, Rutland.  17-9  FOR SALE.��� 0ood all i-ouud vovng  horse, 1000 lbs. bargain, Apply Box  '"0" Record otlice. iSp_  FOR SALE ��� Strong .Innoorut with  pole and tongue, 4*25.00. S *. of  half-heavy team harness, i.-w list  season, $30,110. Acme Pulverizing  harrow 812.60. Powell, Fast Kelr'w-  na. 13p  FOR SAl.I'.-Oue fresh iwr "i. >1 cue  duo in a short time. Apply 11.  11^ Burtch. 18tf  PIANO FOR SALE.���"tain ��t Risoh.  goaaal as now, will bo Bt.ci*ltiru'l for  h'ss than half prico, ' Iv ho* "R"  Itecord ollice.      18 IUp  FOB SALE OR EXCHANGE.-   Two  passenger McT.aurdilin Buick molajr  car in good condition. Vioii'd sell  cheap for cash, or exchange for live  stock.   If. B. Burtch 18tf  SITUATION'S WANTED  MAN AND WIFE WANT work  on farm. Wife for cooking,  man used to nrneral farm and  orchard work, both experienced. Box ".T" Record        15 >8  WANTED.-Position by English girl ab  companion help or housekeeper, Applv Box "N.E.M." Record. 18p  YOlING LADY DESIRES SEWING '  dny.   Moderate   terms. Appiv     Box  "Mi'K." Record office. a8p  TO RENT  FOR RENT���Three roomed cot-  tacre on I,ake avenue. Applv  P.O. Box 659. ly.8  FOR RENT.���New house, well  furnished and fully modern  close in. Rent S25. Applv f.  A. Bigger.  i.itf.  PIANO TO RENT.-At low mmthly  Rental. Apiilv P. 0. Box i% Kolowna.       ���Ibtf,  TO RENT.��� Tho ra-sideneo am Hawks-  dale ranch, (5-bridges). Aot Iv It. B.  Burtch. ,811.  LOST  LOST.���Ladies watch, with strap, on  Maanilav night between Riohter ptieet  bridge anal hospital, via ('adder avenue. Reward at Govorninint Telephone oHioe. x  MISCELLANEOUS  WANTED.���Horse and buggv f'.r sum-  mor in return for keep. Rvofy caro  taken, Apply Box "K" Ikooral .    18  MEN SUPPLIED for odd ji la, Ai y  ono wanting a man for aon-pcrnry  work or odd jobs s.i.iuld 'pha-ii,;    to  . 4302. x  FARM WANTED. - Practical  man wants to rent land on  reasonable terms.-Has own  team. Apply box "M" Record  Office. x  WANTED.���Indian   Runner drake, uot  related . to   Mrs.  Day's  lairds,    v rauld  buy or trade.    Powell, Fast Kelow-  na. ��� lPp  TENDERS WANTED.���lor mowipr tbo  lawn and attending to tho fluwor  beds for the season of 1915 at the  Kelowna Club. Applv to .���"eorcini y  Kelowna Club. 18  White Wyandottes &  Buff Orpingtons  BARRON STRAIN  Eggs for Hatching from the  above strains, $2.50 for 15.  Unfertile! raot ter laced  Reduced prices for 50 and above  8 White Pigeons for sale. $1.50  Cash for the lot  A.W.COOKE   --    Benvoulin  Box 663, Kelowna  gpw  Bulman & Cross  Willits Block  Phone 306  To Exclinnge���6-room houae and Four  Lots in an Alberta town for Fruit Ranch  or Kelowna Property.  Blacksmith Shop in email town in Al-  'icrl.*, revenue bearing. Will Exchange  for Fruit Land or Kelowna Property.  320 Acres, clear title, 100 acres broken,  small house, stable for 20 hortes, all fenced. $18 per acre. Will exchange for  Fruit Ranch.  To Exchange -10 acres Fiuit Land for  House Property in Kelowna.  Winnipeg Property bnct SummerResort.  Properly near Winnipeg at Whyetwold  mid Ponemah Beach, to Exchange for  Kelowna Property.  Thf  enzie  Limited  EXCLUSIVE GROCERS  Bulman & Cross  Willits Block  Phone 306  DRKSSMAK1N0  Mrs. Dillon begs to announce that  sho hns taken over the Jreaamnking  business ot Mrs. M. E. Rouch who Ins  left for Winnipeg, and will ooiltlnuoto  rive every attention to orders. Address, Mrs. 0. Dillon, Bi*rntu*d avenue, .stop  SPIRELLA CORSETS  Mrs. J. H. Davies will bo at Mr.  Mathic's (over tailor shop, Pendoz  street between the hours of 'J.-Sil and  5.30 p.m. Saturday of eaoh wcolt to meet  ladies wishing to order corsets. P. 0.  Rox 626, Kelowna. . 20tf.  We have a few odd lines of Pure Maple Syrup,  made from maple sap  Pure Maple Syrup  Gallon cans of Small's Pure Maple Syrup... $1,75'  Quart ��� ��� ���   5Q  Quart bottles ,, ��� ���    ...        j^Q  Ten pound cans Kelly's Pure Maple Syrup...  1.1  7 |j  Half Gallon ��� ��� .   ���    ... 9Q  Quart Sealers of Ontario       ��� ���    ... 50  We can guarantee the flavor of all of these lines  We have alao a big shipment of '   ,  Wagstaff's Jams  and Wagstaff makes the Very Bett  Canadian Jam obtainable  Nine different varieties, all at     8 5 C Der Dail  Try the recipe, on the back of the pail  Okanagan Jam  A product of the valley, and no mean product, either.   Ten  kinds of fruit in pails of 5 lbs. each at    75c per pail  IT PAYS TO DEAL WITH McKENZIE-TRY IT  Our Motto: " Quality and Service "    Phone No. 214  'CLASSIC"  ���EMPRESS'  Splendid Spring Showing  LATEST  STYLES  Women's, Misses' & Children's  FOOTWEAR  These Canadjan-Made Lines stand for all that is possible in up-to-the-minute 'merchandize  " Combines correct form with comfort and striking style with lasting wear."  Our ana}) of new mocltk for Spring, 1915, surpasses all that we have as yet put forth both in  variety, in grace, and in reducing to popular prices the most admired and exclusive of the  models created in the world's fashion centres. T "ey are adapted to Canadian climate and needs  tag ���^"���v.  Ampffip^ faff  J  Military, Mary Janes, and  Cuban Heels  Ai Illuitrated, in Plain Vamp Toeta  Aa Illustrated in Toe Capped        ,t, ���  Aa Illustrated in Cun Metal  Aa Illuitrated in Patent Leather   "  Ai Illuitrated in Dull Kid  Aa Illuitrated in Vici Kid  $5.50  Kidney or Half Louis  Cuban Heel '  Aa Illuitrated in Cun Metal *  Aa Illustrated in Patent-Colt  Al Illuitrated in Box Calf  Aa Illuitrated ia Vici Kid  $5.50  Every conceivable last and leather  for Misses, Girls and Children  Thos. Lawson  LIMITED  ,<  M


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