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The Independent Nov 7, 1903

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 legislative Libr^-MarUIJtOS '
X'X-X^ii •    ,
.'. SAVWQS   BANK . .
A Oenerml Basking Bualntu
OKFICE8-Hutlngi Btreet,   W.,
Weilolniter Arenas, Vancoarer.
AUthorlied CaplUl
8ub»crlbed Capital
Austi Orer •   .
• l,MO,0M
• S0O.W0
Head Offlo*, tn Cambie Btnet,
Vancoarer, B. C.
Is Boycotting
Within the Law?
Mr. Justice Meredith Seems to Think That Trades Unions
Have the Right to Proclaim a Firm
Unfair—The Gurney Case.
The St. Catherines and Toronto labor
cases, in which the Gurney Company,
Limited, has taken action against the
labor unions to restrain them from Interfering with their employees and
their business, came up lust week at
Oagoodc Hall at Toronto before Mr.
Justice Meredith. i
In the middle of the argument, to
continue 'the Injunction restraining
John A. McGIashan, P. O'Gorman,
Kobt. Shannon, Charles Welby, E. A.
JDaj, Wm. Chapman, John W. Welsh,
James A. Wiley, J. D. Wright, Thomas
Wiley, James Carty, Wm. P. Harvey,
and W. E. Hall from Interfering with
the Gurney workmen, agents, etc., and
fiom Intimidating them by circulars,
letters, or otherwise, Judge , Meredith
ould If both parties would agree to
go to trial by jury In St. Catharines he
would dissolve the injunction, and If
no arrangement 'could be s made he
viould heai the argument us to the
continuance   of   the- injunction.   ,
In the argument which ensued prior
to  the suggestion of Judge Meredith!
the question of the intimidation of J,
r D. Talt & Co. of St. Catherines by let-
" ter an to buying a boiler from the Gurney    Company   assumed , considerable
Impoi tanee.  The letter was read which
intimated that Messrs. Talt & Company
'uouId be put on the black-list.  „
"Supposing," said his lordship, "that
1 should "draw up a list as to the counsel whom I,consider aigue fairly., or
of counsel who I believe do not argue
fairly or state their facts fairly, where
would be theavrong." ]
"Why, my'lord," said Mr. Du Ver-
net. for the_ Gurney Company, "it virtually intimated'that if,a Gurney boi-
Icr'wns used^ there ,woul_d_,consequently
iieCliuuble vwth the«unibns!" , *J    '",
"Supposing^ that is so," said his loi d-
shlp,' "where' Is "the'objection to'that?
If, foi Instance, a certain number of
Mack men-should feel that they 'are
not being treated f.Uily by a white
man, have, they not the right to Intl
mate to anothei   black man that that
particular white man don't treat black
men fairly. Where Is the harm? It
seems to go little farther than soliciting business."
"But," said Mr. Du Vernet. "a union
man said to a man who was handling
the Gurney goods: 'We could put you
to the wall so quick, it would-make
youi head 'swim.'"
v "Oh," said Judge Meredith, "things
like that are said by men whose own
r-eafis'are swimming. I see no particular objections to that."
"But," said Mr. DuVemet, "two ai-
chitects were also intimidated. In the
defendant's' letters they say that the
Gurney company ls unfair."
"Supposing they do," said Judge
Meredith, "are you seeklng^damages
for libel?" , '    "
"But they have pasted the .windows
of the Gurney Company with posters
and written the company's agents,"
said Mr. DuVernet. '   -
• "Merely placarded thc windows and
black-guarded the agents," sild the
judge, with a smile,
i "We,have evidence thaf.some of our
agentB have had to close ,up," answered Mr. DuVernet.
"A point not_ yet • shown,",, said the
judge, "Is. have the Gurney 'people suffered any loss?" •'
'" "Yes, my Lord. The sales have been
much affected. The agents at Guelph
and St. Catherines have gone out'of
business." s ,    , r
''Anybody lose a cent?" asked his
lordship. *
Mr.-DuVernet readia letter ^Intimating the difficulties *encounteied In "the
face of the boycott.   '
^Veiy general,','.remarked his lordship.'^ "Boycott; Isja- veiy lemaikable
word- I suppose^ have the light'of
boycotting you to ♦*-» f>\teiit*of".iaf dti-'
lng"'buslness with you; have"I not''"
quelled his lodrshlp." "Have jou shown
any loss'from this alleged boycott''"
"""Mi. Gurney swore yesteulay," snld
Mi. O'Donoghue, counsel foi the defendant union men. "that business wns
booming "
The motion was then enluigeil foi u
w eek /
The general platform of the Political
Labor League of New South Wales:
1. Maintenance of a white Australia.
2. Compulsory arbitration to settle
Industrial disputes, with provision for
the exclusion of the legal profession.
3. Old age pensions.
4. Nationalization of monopolies.
5. Citizen military force and Australian-owned navy.
6. Restriction of public borrowing.
7. Navigation Laws to provide:—(a)
Por the protection of Australian shipping against unfair competition; (b)
registration of all vessels engaged ln
the coastal trade; (e) the efficient manning of vessels, (d) the proper'supply
of life-saving and other equipment; (e)
the regulation of hours and conditions
of work; (f) proper accommodation for
passengers and seamen; (g) proper
loading sear and Inspection of same.
8 Commonwealth bank deposit and
Issue, and life and fire Insurance department, the management of each to
be free from political Inlluence.
9. Federal patent law, providing, for
simplifying and cheapening the registration of patents. .   '
Mrs. C'lms Lovell, of Spuzzum, B.
C, «rltlng to the Advance Advocate,
the oIHclal organ of the trackmen, says:
' Now, just a few lines fo the good brothers and sister-- on this division. You
know we all tune u duty to perform
both to our employeis and our union.
Well, w» should do the work for our
employeis thoroughly and* faithfully,
and let thein see that ne'work for their
interest as well ns our own. We should
take for oui motto, ,'Faithful/ to-day,
Faithful to-motrOw, Faithful all- the
year' then our duty to our union
"Each of us could write sometimes to
our journal, telling about our lodges
and how thej are ptogressing. .Wheie
there's a will theie is, always' ai way.
Now, I think a good way to make,youi
lodge meetings betei and get up" some
moie Interest, would be to ha\e nn op»-n
meeting-once In every ,three months,
or" once eveiv "it. month** snd*il..vtt?
youi hpttei halves' to come and ha\ea
-shoit pi ogi amine, and the e\enlng
would be >.pent veiy pleasantly togeth-
ei and ln tune we could see If an au\-
lliaiy could be stinted Now, bi otheis
and sisteis on this Pacific dhlslon let
us hem tiom vou Well, I must close
as It is getting suppei time and the
boss   likes his ".uppei   on  nine"
President Lamrick presided at regular adjourned meeting of Trades and
Labor Council which was held on
Thursday, October 22nd. In absence of
Secretary E. Harper, Delegate C. Hilton acted as secretary pro tem.
Electrical workers, C. D. New com be
and H. Abercromblo. vice G. Cowling
and S. Harrison resigned.
Bakers, Thomas A. Baxter.
Amalgamated Society of Carpenters
and Joiners, T. Wise and J. Dale.
Theatrical Stage Employees, J. C.
Bartenders Union, Thos Hand.
Delegates were obligated and took
their seats. "
Eugene Harper, secretary, Trades
and Labor Council wrote stating that
the doctor compelled him to resign his
oflice.    Accepted.
Street Railway Union wrote that the
Truck Act was being violated In thla
Delegates from Bartenders' Union
stated that all fair bars had union caid
hung up ou bnis.
Delegates from Electrical Workers,
reported in regard to their jurisdiction:
Bartley, Dickenson, Blackstock.
Stage Employees' delegate stated
everything In connection with Vancouver opera house was union. The union
was in a healthy condition.
Richard Cobden's
Great Legacy!
Joseph Chamberlain's Imperial Policy Criticized—The Conflict is between the Landlords     '      ' \
and the Masses.
The Trades and Labor Council met on
Thursday night." In the absence of
President Lamrick Vice-Presldent'Geo.
Dobbin occupied the chair. Charle3 Hilton, secretary pro tem, was in his place,
likewise John Lllley, financial secretary.
From Christian Slvertz, secretary Victoria Trade* and Labor Council, asking
for information re, incorporation of the
council'. , The secretary to 'comply.   ' "
From Royal Bank "of'Canada, ie authorised signature.for cheques.',Referred to executive committee.^ '      ,     ' »
Prom Coloiado';Federntl6n of'Labor,
that a convention, composed of oflicers
of atateufedei atlons of labor and similar
oiSaWtaililmJ.-WnuJil b4* ln*ld In~tli'e city
of Denvei, on Monday, Januaiy 11, 1904.
Refened to unions
-3  W Scotleld  Delegate took
To tliu Editor of Tjiyt ^detibdint :
Sir,—Recent press despatches quote
an interview in Chicago with Mr. Ham-
lyn, a representative of Mr. Joseph
Chamberlain, in which the gentleman
declared that the commercial gteatness
of the United States is due to the tariff, adding that it would be the salvation of England It would be netrer
the facts If Mr Hamljn had attributed
the'-commercial greatness of the United
States to Its inexhaustible natural resources, Its variety of climate and products and to the high average standard
of intelligence of its citizenship. Imagine England, instead of being only as
large as an average state, having an
unoccupied area in the background
equal ln extent to forty-nine other Eng-
lands, all open to settlement. Who
would doubt that England would be
Exceedingly Prosperous,
notw lthstandlng Its policy of free trade?
ment to the speech from the throne declaring for the taxation of land values
came within'34 votes of defeating the
British ministry, although the normal
conservative majority was 140. Some-,
thing had to be done to divert the minds
of the people. The Boer war followed.
In October of last year delegates representing 124 municipalities, counties
and boroughs, including London, "Glasgow and Liverpool, met in convention
in Glasgow and
Unanimously Demanded
the taxation of land values.   A month
later 500     delegates, representing the   ,
most advanced refor-n associations in
the kingdom, met at Newcaatle-on-Tyne- '
and unanimously made   the sane demands. The government saw that some-',
thing must be done.  It carried through
the Irish Land Purchase act.   In May of'
this year the liberals came within thirteen votes of overthrowing the ministry V
Yet that is the condition that the Unit-1 on the question of taxation or land val-j
ed States has enjoyed. Imagine, on the I ues, notw lthstandlng the government,
other hand, America's 80,000,000 people  still had a normal   majority of 140 on*
his sent
cooped up in ,tn area equal to twice that
of the United Kingdom, or say, within
the confines of the one state of Texas
(or say the province of Ontario), with
no gi eater variety of soil, climate or
products than is to be found in either
of these commonwealths. 'Who would
look for the piesent degree of commercial greatness, even-with the present
tariff wall The salvation of England
does not depend upon a^tarllT, but upon the ,e\tension of, Cob"den's program
of fiee trade to fieedom of production.
The London Dally News lings the^rue
note-when <lt says: "The liberal party
has something to do besides,standing
by Cobden's great achievement, ft must
taio out ' i
.. Cobden's Gieat Legacy,
the taxation of land \alues Tills is the
leplj we have to make to Mi. Chambei-
laln's attack on fiee tiade Let our reply be to complete Ulchaid Cobden's
woilt. and add fiee land to fiee tiade
Llbeiallsm  tan  never ha\e a gieatei
In September last Typographical Union No. 226, asked the propiietois of
newspapers ln this city for an Inciease
In -nuses. Aftei negotiations; it was
agreed that the whole mnttei be submitted to aibitiation. Mi. F. Caitei-
Cotton for the Vancouvei publisheis,
and Mi. Robeit Todd, for the union,
weie elected aibitiatois, and Mt. Geo.
H. Cowan was agiced upon by them to
act as umpiie. Mr. W. C. Nichol, for
the publisheis, and Mr. George Wilby.
for the prlnteis', piesented their* le-
spectlve mguments at length. It Is expected that the board will reach a decision v early next week.
Foi a long time there has been a desire on the pait of news prlnteis to se-
cuie better wages. A comparison of
wages paid for slmllur work ln cities
of the Pacific west shows thiit Vnncouvei ls far behind, and with the incieas
lng cost of lt\ing the necessity foi an
advance in  wages    has becomet more
—piessing. —•— =— --——'—y
The Vancouvei TypographiOal Union,
thercfoie, prepaied a levlsed scale,
w hlch, though an advunce on that previously paid. Is still lowei than the iate
paid by all cities of equal Impoi tance in
the weBt.
This was* submitted to the publisheis
who icplled to the effect that the state
of trade would not permit of incieased
expenditure, and. taking into considei a-
tion the dcci eased cost of living, print-
em should considei themselves adequately remuneiuted. ,
A confeience between the publisheis
and ii. committee of the unjon having
no luithei effect, when it was Heen that
the mcmbeih of th,e union weie piepai-
«>d to stand by theli request, the publishes lequestcd that the matter be le-
fened to a bom cl of tlnee nrliltiatois
foi decision, to which the prlnteis consented upon teims contninocl In a let-
tei to the Publisheis' Association.
Bilelly, the subject under consideration and to be decided by the boaid Is
ns follows- The piesent scale is—day
woik, machine operators, $2150 a
veek; hand compositors nnd proof
readeis, 421 a week: night woik, operu-
tois and hand compositors, J22 50.
"Wages to foremen and machinists are
not specified, but by long-established
custom are highei than the foregoing.
Revised scale—day work, machine operate! s, hand compositors and proof
readers, ?4 a day, night work, $4.60 a
night. Foremen and machinists, day
work, 54.n0 a day, night work, $5 a
• Therefore, the question to.be decide^
'by the board of aibitratois will be:
Shalt the revised scale he enforced or
shall an increase upon the present scale
Tie made?   If so, the amount.
. Wages paid   in  home  of    the    unst
cities   uie  us   follows
'  City. Dny. Night Houis
Seattle *4.50    *5 00      7Va
Tacoma     4.0ft      4 50      ,s
Victoila       330      42i      S
(Colonist opeiatois get o\ei stale)
E\eiett   . . .
Spokane       . .
Pol Hand  .    .
Los Angeles    .
San Pianclsco
Rossland . .
Dawson. (ti'iO •
Snciaiuento .
3 7*.
4 00
4 00
3 50
4 0A
.     4.00
....    4.00
4 00
4 .'<()
4 25
4 30
4 50      S
(Pioof leadeis $25 and ?30 a week)
Skagway    . ..
.      5 00
Salt  Lake    .    ..
.    4 00
4 50-5.00
Vliginla City ...
..    5 S*>
Anaconda  . . .
..  '"4.50
5 00
$42 h week.)
5 00
Gieat Falls
.    4.30i
..    4 50
.    4 50
Rea\ei l.od^c- N'o IS*, Intei national
Association of Machinists has appointed a committee to make aiiangements
foi the touitli annual teieptlon and
ball The committee compiles A J.
Thlitle (thaiimin). G. P. Donne*, (sec-
letai}) H ltoi?eis, j Woik and R.
Fow lei The tunctlnn will be held m
the O'Ellen hall on Fudaj cienlng No-.
\embei 27th tie\t Giiml Mai eh at 'I
P m slniip Invitations nuiy be pio-
cuied Horn any ot the committee 'llie
tickets lune been placed nl me ex-
tiemcb modest flKinc of tl toi gentlemen and Vj tents loi  ladles
cause.   Sir Heruy Campbell-Banneiman
!LC0.',n!nl! ee   0n  ''"Pio^etnents of  decIules thilt . thu lemed} ls not t0 be
the English bay lepoited asking that
the following letter to the cltj council
the follow ing be sent to the city council
winch lequest was endoisecl
The following, signed by V Fell, M.
T), appealed In the Washington Post
(•hoitly nftei,|the International Typo-
giuphicul Union convention.
In a, busy and \ailed life of eighty-
four years, 1 have attended and paitl-
clpated In many conventions—political,
social, lellgious, etc.—but In none of
them have I seen nnythlng so neaily
nppioaclilng the. Ideal, both In the despatch of business nnd courtesy to each
otlier. ns wns almost unlveisallv displayed In the letent piinteis' conxen-
tlon, In their Intel couise with each
other. This wus! the more lemnrkiible
because fiuentlons of the most exciting chaincter—lying at the foundation
of their oi del—had to be met aed acted
upon Indeed, hnd ihey not been us ij
body, not only Intellectually, but morally educated, and esthetic In theli na-
tuies, and fullv m.isleis of themselves,
their great meeting would have been a
falluie, Instead of the gieut success it
has been. It was, theiefoie, well pleased (with others of youi conespondents)
at youi couiteous edltoilnl welcome of
these "gentlemen of the quill" on theli
arrival. '
The cleiks held a \eiy successful
meeting on Tuesda\ night Piesldent
Catinea occupied the chaii and there
was a good attendance ot membeis
Among the business tiansacted wns the
passing of a lesolution asking thc
Tiades and Laboi Council to Intenene
and ha\e the Vancouvei Haidwaie
Compan>'s name iamoved fiom the un-
fali list This flim has always dealt
fairly with the clerks, and Is the only
union cleik Theie is* conslediablc
leellng and Indignation existing among
the membeis ot the deiks' union ovei
the matter.
The film of W 3. McMillan & Company ls unable to buy cigarettes from%
the "'American Tobacco'Company, be-
case they handle nnlon clgaiettes made
by Tuckett. It Is now up to those who
believe In union' piinciples and who
ttae cigarettes to remember this and
act accordingly.   ,
The Machinists Join mil lefeis to
the fact that Napoleon's piedictlon that
Euiope would be all Cossack oi all ic-
publkan is suiely taking place Back-
iwnd, Illlteintf Russia Is beginning to
feel the Inlluence of the spit It of deino-
tiacy Willie Napoleon was meditating o\ci these matters Chai les Fouilei
foic.iw the iticnt Indu.stilal combinations that weie to come nnd ipvolutlon-
liiv society. He foiesaw undoubtcdlj.
that I.iboi, lulelllgeutlv and piudentlv
dlieeted, was destined to become the
lending sot inl foue nf die futuie And
It Is OignnUed laboi to-da> Is doing
moie to bilug about a icpubliinn foi in
of gov eminent In Kuiopo than all otlii'i
foi ccs combined Foui lei foiesaw laboi combination nnd Napoleon a 10-
I ubllcunl/ed Kuiope. but neithei suspected that the one piedictlon hnd anv
bearing upon the othei. Yet, such is
the case, the one Is hastening the otliei.
A meeting will be held early next
week to foim a woikinsman's legislative league It will not be of a pai-
tizan natuie, it is claimed. -But will
suppoit candidates of any piity including Independents, who will pledge
themsehes to woik for and support
labor legislation. The Tiades and Labor
Council states that oiganlzed labor hus
nothlng-to do with the scheme
'Smoke blue label cigars. "Old Sport"
and "B. C." are the best.
Vancouvei, B  C, Oct  22, 1903.
To the Vancouvei   'foui ist Association,
Limited, and the Tiades and Laboi
Dear Sirs,—The joint committee appointed to deal with the Implements
of the English bay piopeity owned by
the city,  lespeetfull*.   beg heiew Ith  to
submit the following lepoit
XVe find that the by-law nuthoiislng
the pm chase of the piopeitj was passed Septembei 20, 11102
That the aibitiation pioccedlngs- In
connection with the puichase of such
poi tlon of the piopeity which it was
found necessaiy to appiopilate weie allowed to diag on foi seveial months,
and are, in fact, still incomplete, and
no pioceedings has Jet been taken with
i egai tl to the Simpson pi opei ty (the tw o
lots on which the boat-houses stand)
We considei this delay most deploiable
and detrimental to public intei ests.
We Hnd that piactleally no attempt
has been made to impio\e this piopeitj.
with the exception of iemo\lng the
stones and stumps olf a portion of lt
antl laying a teiupoiai) clndei-path,
noi, as far a's we can tliscu\ei, has any
effort been made by the tlt\-to foumil-
ate any definite scheme ot lmpiovc-
ments. We undei stand that one of the
reasons gi\eu bj the city autliutltles foi
theli* delay is want of sufficient nione)
It is not within oui piovlnce to deal
with the question of civic finance, but
we find lt haid to believe that tlieie
would be any tllttkult- In obtaining the
funds necessaiy feu a puipose of tills
With leguid to the scheme nf improvements pioposed b> the Touilst Association nntl embodied In theh lcttei to
the council, we beg to say that we lmve
gone ovei it with considei able caie, and
visited the whole ol the piopeitj. ami
we aie of the opinion that, subject to
such modifications and linpioveinents
as would no doubt be suggested b> et-
pcits possessing u moie pi.iclical knowledge and wldei expeileiice of seaside
rcsoits, It would piovc geneially satisfactory and attiaetlv'e, and that the cost
would be well within the city's menus
We aie, hovv evei, sliongly linpi eased
wllh the belief that the balance of the
water front lots from Gllfoid stieet to
the paik entiance .should become the
pioperty of the cltj, and the scheme of
Improvements amended to embiace this
additional fiontage ,
In submitting this lepoit we beg to
strongly urge upon you the necessity of
taking some action to obtain foi the
citizens the full benefit of the pioperty,
and we hope you will see your way to
use your Influence to secuie the adoption by the city council of a pioperly defined scheme of lmpio\ements, and the
earliest possible commencement of the
work.    '
" We ' trust that this question will be
prominently laid before the voters at
the next municipal election, and an ex-
found in piotection, but rathei in the
tlliectlon of ulteilng oui piesent sjstem
of land tenuie bj taxation of land values"   In the spilng of 1S0S an amend-
other questions.   The privileged, landed ,
aristocracy of Great Britain was'driveii.i.
to the last ditch.   Chamberlain's ambition has ma'de him u willing tool of the
privileged classes.   The struggle Is not,-,,
merely one betw een free trade' anjTpro-'
t'ectlve tariffs.   Its cause lies deeper.'   \" '•
I'       , The Conflict     ;\ ■> XA.  r'-"
is • between, landlordism   'and ithe' newf,'
spirit which the genius of Henry George*;,,
has'breathed into the minds and,hearts' >
o'f earth's down-trodden mllllonsT-that **>
movement to ,w;hlch Count Leo Tolstoi »v
referred when he said:   "Those who'de- '
sire to organize the"social life of man-''*
kind on~juster foundations will not be , •■
able, to avoid Henij-Geoige's'plan, out
will take it us their basis." Those who
would stay the match of progress aie
ranged under Chamberlain's banner or
"special  pilvllege"    With    a    man of
ability to lead the new crusade for the
fieedom of the land and the repeal of
privilege, It could not fall.   Then would
Britain    again      become    pre-eminent
Signs are not wanting to show   that a
piotective t.ulff is not a guarantee of
peimanent piosperitj*, even In the Unit
ed States
Mt   Pleasant, Tenn , Nov   2, 1903
presslon of opinion obtained from every
We have the honor to be, youis respectfully,
-     F  J   PROCTER.
Vancouv er Toui Ist Association.
CHAS   T   HILTON,   Secietaij.
GEO  DOBBIN. Vice-Pi esident,
Vancouver Trades and Laboi Council
Coffin, Whiteside,
vvere appointed a
Delegates   Tannei,
Biown and    Selleis
municipal committee
Chas Hilton vvas elected secretary for
balance of tenn, vice E Haiper, leslgn-
Delegate Sopei stated that the Teamsters Union had changed its chai ter to
the international Bi otherhood of Team-
steis This is the iesult of the amalgamation beiwpfn the national and Intel national oiganizations
The    moitpage    committee   leported
pi ogi ess    it is^ hoped that the mortgage
on the hall will be lifted shortly    Received    Delegates Whiteside and Har
llson weie added to the committee
seen the class oiganizations developing-
powei and accomplishing lesults'and
one by one thev have ictuined to the
lanks wheie thev lightfully belong,
nevei again to be duped by the faiiv
talcs conducted by the imitators of the
A   R   L*
The Cai men s Union, undei the lead-
ei«hlp of F L ltonemus, the new
giand chief, will bleak manj recoitls
duiing the ne\t two jeais and In doing so they will be aided bj their ladles' nu\lllai> which Is alreadv fall lv
well established
The matter of a violation of the tiuck
act was ipfened to a committee to investigate, compilslng Messis Whiteside, Wilson and Sully
A committee was appointed to lesus-
citate The Independent as n weekly
The secietuiy was in«tuicted to con-
tiadlct the iepoit In the pies« that oiganlzed laboi wns forming a working-
man's lopiesentatlon league
Piesident Gompeis, of the A F. of L.
has the following to say concerning
laboi papeis "Weie it not for the laboi piess the lnbor movement vvouid
not be what It is to-da}, and any man
who tiles to injuie a labor papei Is a
lialtor to the cause. If jou don't
agree with the policy of the paper, go
to thp-oftito-and-say-so-!n-a-manlj,_
way, but don't go aiound tin owing insinuations. Peihaps you aie vviong and
the papei light. If the paper has made
a mistake, you can depend upon It thnt
a coriection will cheeifully be punted
L'oiporations will give theii oigans loyal suppoit and if labor Is to be successful In "-ecui Ing Justice, laboi papers
must be suppoited.'
The Hititlieihood of Railway Cm men
of Ami'ilen hns made fine piogiess during tlu' past few yeais and now has
22,000 membeis. Its irembeis have
tiade iiRicements with a number of the
leading i.illwaj* -systems ot the United
Slates and Canada
The Tiaekmen's Advance Advocate
snys, like their oiganizatlon, the B R
C. ot A. suffeied severly ln 1893-94 by
the deseitlon of membeis vvho were
duped by the alluung piomlses of the
A R U. and joined that union in the
belief that It would soon pioduee Utopian conditions In the railway- sei vice
Aftei the collapse of the A. R U. In
1S94 many vvho had deaeited theli class
oiganizations vveie ashamed to return
to them, ahd, besides,, the A. R U.
had piomlsed so much'and failed so
mlseiably In Its flist and only contest
with the railroad companies that they
became dubious of all oiganizations for
a time., Gradually, however, they have
R. H Mnilntt, of Thornvvood. Wash,
paid Tlie Independent a visit this week.
"Rov" ls connected with the D. J. Cain
Lumbei Company and Is well and fav-
orably- known In these parts
Hany Hopklik Is the nevv piopiletoi
of the Queen's hotel, nt thc junction of <
Cordova and Wnter streets Mr. Hop-
klrk Is an old-tlmpi and well and favorably known in the business. Glve-
hlm a call.
Buy and wear union stamp   shoes,,
and thus protect the labor movement
against  Independent  and  hostile  fac- '
tions that retard the recognized trade
Bloomfleld's,   Saddle Rock,   Atlantic,
Savoy,   Palace, Globe,   Elite,    Strand  ,
Cafe, Nevv York Kitchen, English Chop ^
House,    Ojrster Bay,    Norden,   Lighthouse, Columbia, Gr«at "Western, Gold/'
Terminus,    Reglna,   Favorite -
House, Williams' Coffee Housi
.\ THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY NOVEMBER 7, 1903  ?ii  Ttiis. iiN DEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE  TERESTS OF THE MASSES  BY  *HI* INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  HASTINGS STREET, VANCOUVER,  B. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; niontli, 15 cents; three  months, 25 cents; six months,''GO cents;  one year, $1.00. ���  ENDORSED'BY THE  TRADES & LABOR COUNCIL OF VANCOUVER, <  TRADES �� LABOR COUNCIL OF VICTORIA.   '       :  VANCOUVER   BUILDING   TRADES  COUNCIL.  <UNIO^l(jSJLgBCL>  The Independent can always be bad  at Galloway's book store, arcade  SATURDAY,  ...NOVEMBER  JOS. .MARTIN TO GOVERNOR JOLY.  ..Mr.  Joseph  Martin,   K.  C,  has pub-'  - , lisliecl  i'ii  open    letter, to   Lieut.-Gov-  ernor Joly that    should    be   carefully  read'by nil who aro Interested In  British Columbia polities, and particularly  vve think bj' members of the labor party.    The startling significance of Gov-  '��� ernor Joly's action, in refusing a place  in  the cabinet  to  Mr.  John    Houston  seems hardly yet to be fully grasped b.v  the general    public.      Not    the    least  strange  feature    of    the  incident  has  heen  the utter silence of the  press of  both the liberal and conservative parties so far as the governor's conduct Is  concerned iind  the effect of his action  if it be allowed to pass as a precedent;  The conservative press in 1500 vvas loud  in  Its denunciations of Governor Mcinnes for what It called  his unconstitutional actions in interfering with the  normal course of politics.   At that time  he claimed the right to select the premier, but Governor Joly now goes far  beyond  that,  he? claims  theorlght   to  r.  ."-'elect the cabinet, for that is what his  recent action really  means.    Governor  Joly seeks  to justify his action  by a  vague reference to an  alleged offence  by Mr. Houston in the Legislative Assembly, his own words being: "I objected on  account  of the  unfortunate  Incident of last session when you forgot  what  was due  to  the  Legislative  Assembly as well a.s to yourself In your  responsible position."    On reading thi.s  the first thing that must strike anyone  having the slightest acquaintance with  parliamentary "procedure.,.Is'   that    the  governor, ns.such,    knows    absolutely  nothing whatever nbout this  incident.  It was never made,the subject of official complaint or <iction and the house  itself took no notice of it. being more  or less used  to such  occurrences, nnd  "knowing when to make .proper'allowance for a member's weakness.   So that  the governor has acted on heresay, gossip,   or    newspaper    report    at    best,  heard or read ln his private  capacity,  and   -.not'".officially.      ln      the     second     place     the    house     is      absolutely the custodian of its own honor,  nnd hns the fullest power to discipline  its members if it sees fit to do so, and  vvill  never  tolerate  Interference    from  the crown  or  Its representative as  to  how It shall conduct itself.   Hilt, as llr.  Houston  said   In his recent speech  at  Nelson,  "he had  never been censured,  never reprimanded, never asked to apol-  csiz.    And   if  every  member who got  drunk   were excluded  from  the house  they would not often have a quorum."  Unit       they       have       respect       for  and confidence in this man Houston by  live  times electing him  to responsible  positions.   And on his entering the cabinet tliey would again have been asked  to endorse him.   That Is what by-elections are for; the   constitution intends  that the people shall say whether or no  a inan i.s worthy of cabinet rank.   This  brings us at once to Ihe dangerous aspect of Governor.July's action, and the  necessity  for  its emphatic condemnation. Once grant such a power to a governor    and c   responsible   ' governuieut  would be at an end.   A partisan governor, or'one easily  inlUienced by''hangers-on and wire-pullers could make and  unmake governments as he saw* lit. He  would be the real premier.   Let us suppose  by*  way  of- illustration  that  the  next turn of tbe wheel exactly reverses  the present situation���nninelj', that instead  of a grit governor with  a tory  government hanging on to power by its  eye-lids, we have a lory governor with  a'grit government in the sunieposltion.  The grit premier with the small majority nominates, let  us say,  Mr. Joseph  Martin for a cabinet position.   Immediately the tory governor sees his chance,  and remembers some "unfortunate inci-  1903   dent, occurring.at���,"  well,  any     of a  dozen  places will do' in Joseph's case.  By such means another election might  be forced-vvith-the tories    having the  right  to appeal.    Or  suppose n.lnbor  man  or ���socialist" vvere.    the  premier's  choice, such a thing might be, then certainly; would all the energies of corporations be centered nn the governor to  induce him to decline having such an  one in  his  cabinet.    And  if Governor  Joly's action be allowed to pass as   a  precedent, just such similar actions may  be expected from -   the next governor.  The same classes? .whowould,oppose a  labor  man  enteiing    the  cabinet,  did  make an  outcry    in 1900 against Cory.  Ryder  and   Washington   Beebee,   both  hard-working men of the people, entering the Martin .'cabinet... Governor ".Mcinnes Vas blamed   for having allowed  these men lii the cabinet, and  in the  ofllclal correspondence published at that  time vve find his reply as follows:  " (tl.) Because the persons selected to  form a new ministry were, for the most  part, new and untried men, 1 vvoulci  respectfully.submit to your excellency  that after I had called upon Mr. Martin  to form au administration, it wns Mr.  Martin's unquestionable constitutional  privilege to select his colleagues without any interference on the part of myself or others, in suppoit of this, 1  would refer your excellency to the following passages from Todd's parliamentary government In England:  ���"The sovereign has indeed an undoubted right to express his wishes in  favor of the introduction or exclusion  of particular persons/but by modern  constitutional usage he has no authoritative voice in the selection of anyone  but the prime minister. It is true that  In this, as in other matters, the expression of a strong personal feeling on the  part of the crown may have great  weight in excluding a person from office, or including hlni; at least for a  lime, but even this consideration must  ultimately yield to a regard for the public interests, and the sovereign must be  prepared'to accept as his advisers and  'ollbx-rs of state those who have been  chosen for such functions by. the premier.'   2nd eel.,.-vol. I.. p. 332. ..  ���"By modern usage it is understood  that no one but7 the premier is tbe direct choice of the crown. 2nd ed., vol. ii.,  p. 183.?" ''"''���������  "On the authority of the above I submit that if Mr. Martin saw lit to elect  his colleagues from among those .who  vvere not members of the legislature, nr  hitherto associated with the public life  of this province, it vvas his* constitutional privilege to do so, and that to have  checked him in such choice vvoulci have  been an unwarrantable exercise of authority on my part."  government for thein. In all this there  is a lesson for the labor party which  vve vvill try to point out In a subsequent issue. '       ���������  PRINTERS' ARBITRATION.  Elsewhere In this issue reference is  made to the arbitration case now pro-,  feeding between the master and jour-  nytneii printers of this city. The Vancouver arbitration Is attracting universal attention in craft circles, enquiries  having been received from London as  to the progress being innde. This Is not  so remarkable when it Is known that  for the past two years an arbitration  agreement has existed between the International Typographical Union and  the American Newspaper Publishers'  Association.   ,   President   Lynch     has  n  pointed out that during that brici period several disputes concerning wages  and hours have been adjusted, all but  two of them In a fairly satisfactory  manner, namely, the Minneapolis and  Spokane eases, which- verdicts vvere  "outrageous, unjust and ridiculous."-In  these localities arbitration has recelv-'  ed a decided set-back. However, In the  case of Spokane a cnevv. anil better  award has been handed down. Aside  from these contentions the'internatlonnl  president says that the friendly agreement between the two organisations  has established a much .better feeling,  and but for the unfortunate occurrences  alluded to, there, would have been only  good words to say for the arbitration  compact. "We cannot and vve do not  expect to get a. favorable decision in  every arbitration case. No industrial  army wins all its battles. We do. however, expect justice," adds President  Lynch. The printers' wan the first international union to negotiate n general  arbitration agreement, and thus far has  carried it out faithfully. That the Idea  of. arbitration Is correct in theory and  light iii practice none can dispute. If,  however, it is juggled with by unscrupulous .'-.individuals, and made the instrument for unfair and questionable  decisions, then the cause of arbitration  and necessarily the case of industrial  peace, vvill receive a blow, the effect of  which will be felt for years.  plon It ev t was. In all the fights between capital and labor���and there  were quite a few���The Independent vvas  the faithful servnnt of the unions, in  most Instances the?,unionists gained  something and the paper nothing, except It was the enmity of the employing class. The most.falthfu'l friends of  organised labor receive the least Consideration, and sooner or later join the  army of 'has beens." "   ���    "  M��� Steveston.���Please credit ine with  my subscription. I regret to see you  Unci it necessary to publish monthly Instead of weekly. 1 hope you will continue to be an enthusiastic reform paper. No bookworm policy will suit the  downtrodden masses. 1 am sorry tlle  labor party was nnl elected In Vancouver. 1 believe tbey would have been  had five men been in the Held. As it  was the two extra or surplus votes  went to Increase the majority of our  enemies.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace Livery  Stables,  MIEN'S CLOTHING  What makes our clothing department so popular���' with all classes in the  community? It is easily understood,'si mply, because; vve carry* the best ..clothing manufactured In Canada.to'-day.'We have been appointed agents for the  V.X' "20tfcCenturi|,"  brand of fine tailored garments, and next season will have sole control for this  city. ... ... ���   ,'.-  They easily rank first among the manufacturers of fine garments in  Canada. ,y ?  ,   ���   A'.-.    : ,"     .  They are cut in the latest styie. of fabrics imported from England,'?? Ireland and Scotland. The vvorkmanshlpand Interior of , the clothing is equal to  the best tailor-made garments. The linings are of the best and match the cloth'  used In suit. '   .i   '   *     ' <- . '-.-','��� ,��� -"  Our prices arc always the lowest consistent-witli good -'quality. Come  and see us. - ��� *  CL^^"T^r^IEWART,  Telephone 702.    . 309. to .315 'Hastings St. W.  Commercial  Hotel North Vancouver, finest sum  mer resort on the coast.   Overlooking  Burrard Inlet.  Hates moderate.  UNION BARS.  Atlantic,    Mint,    Palnce,    Dominion,  City,      Columbia;       Revere,      Bridge,  Queen's, Eagle, Clarence.  EXPRESSIONS (IF GOODWILL  Progressive.���The    Independent  nobly.   Its record can't be beat.  did  Carpenter.���I miss The Independent.  Vancouver should hide its face in  shame.  J. Black, Nevv Westminster.���The Independent was a valuable contribution  to the cause.  ' D. Nyles, Grand Forks.���Enclosed you  will find J2 for two years, for either the  weekly or monthly. 1 miss the weekly,  anel I know the boys vvill too.  A.  F.  OF L.  PLATFORM.  1. Compulsory  education.  2. Direct legislation through the initiative and referendum.  3. A legal work day of not more  thnn eifiht hours.  4. Sanitary Inspection of workshop,  mine and home.  5. Liability of employers for injury  to health and body and life.  G. The abolition ot the contract system on all public works.  7. Tbe abolition of the sweathsop  system.  S. The municipal ownership of the  street cars, water works and gas and  electric light plants for public distribution of light, heat and power. ���  9. Thc nationalization of telegraph  telephone,  railroads and mines.  10. The abolition of the monopoly  system of land holding and substituting therefore a title of occupancy and  use only.  11. Repeal of conspiracy and penal  laws affecting seamen and other workmen Incorporated in the federal laws  of the United States.  12. The abolition of the monopoly  privilege of Issuing money and substituting therefor a system of direct issuance to and by the people.  CORNER EASTINGS AND CAMBIE  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  New, modern and strictly first-class;  good sample rooms; free 'bus. Weok  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. m., lunch  13 m. to 3 p. m., dinner, 6 to 8 p. m.  Sundays���Breakfast 730 to 10:80 a.  m., lunch 13:30 to 2 p. m., dinner, 5:30  to 7:80 p. m. Rates (3 and upwards  per clay. HAYWOOD A. PRESCOTT.  Proprietors.  Tbe Dog gal! House  310-312 ABBOTT STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Restaurant and Bar. Breakfast 0 to  10, merchants' lunch 11 to 2, 25c: dinner 5 to 8, 25c; lunches put up; eastern and Olympian oysters; short orders a a specialty at all hours;  meal ticket! $1; best 25c. meal in the  city.     p.  BURTON, Proprietor.  THERE IS  of Fire ��� or Injurv  Health when you us��-  the  The -"fat/  ���  E  By telephone (scores of calls).���  What's the matter with The Independent  thi.s week.    1  didn't get It. You  don't  say so.    That's too bad.  A. R. Macdonald, Truro, N. S.���Enclosed find my subscription to thc Independent. I regret very much that it  will not appear, oftener than once a  month.   It i.s a real good little paper.  Another point to be noticed Is that  tiie governor's charge Is so vague that  it may mean anything, or nothing���so  vague that no man would ever be asked to plead to such a charge In any  court. Vet, on'this. Governor Joly ns-  ���sumes to pass sentence of political  death on John Houston and declares  incidentally that the people of Nelson  are unlit to exercise the franchise,  since the people of Nelson have shown  That Is very: much iu point as regards the present situation, and Is, vve  hold, the proper couise for n governor  to take. But if. as some assert, the  whole affair is a trick on the part of  Mi-Hi-hlp-imd-Oreen-to���jolly_Houston_  John Flower, Republic, Wash.���The  Independent is the best fnbor paper that  1 know of. And as a fair question 1  would ask if any of your readers can  point to one better. It's a pity to drop  the little weekly.  S- THE BAKERS.  Proprietors of union bake shops in  this city have received the international  union label, and will now sell bread  bearing the same. All union working-  men as well as others should ask for it.  Patronize the  Blue Label  BRANDS-^  S. Thompson. Toronto.���I learn vvith  regret that The Independent has ceased  weekly publication. I believe I am safe  In saying that its articles vvere the  ablest published in the labor world. By  all "menus continue the weekly.  out of a place'in the cabinet, it is none  the less to be condemned, for In such  case they have used the governor as a  catspaw to accomplish what they were  afraid to do openly. Nevertheless the  governor has snld that he alone Is responsible for bis action, and by so doing has confessed, to use Mr. Martin's  words, to a grave attack upon the liberties of the people, lie has denied their  right to say who shnll administer the  +++++++++++++++++++++&++++++++++++  i I  TROREY'S CHRISTMAS TALKS,  It will not belong before Christmas will . actually be here���Just  seven weeks from yesterday���Friday,  And Itls high time for a thought of   what    one Is going to do  *  about It.  We are glad to note that people are getting more sympathetic-  more methodical In their plans for Christinas gift giving.  .They are learning that the early lookers   usually gather   the beBt  Plums.  Then to those who contemplate having something special made  up���some work or other that must needs go through our manufacturing department���we would sound a note of warning to be early in  getting the work ln hand.  The nearer the approach to Christmas the busier everybody gets  ���you're taking chances. Now is a good time to make a start. Como,  in now and permit us and our workpeople to give your needs that  earnest attention that Is not possible vvhen the full whirl of Christ-  imas shopping has approached Its zenith a few weeks hence.  TROREY, The Jeweler.  +++++++++++++++++++++++++9+++++++^  Revelstoke Herald.���The Vancouver  Independent, the only strictly lnbor paper In the province, has been forced to  curtail its Issue owing to lack of support. Hereafter It vvill appear monthly  Instead of weekly, vvhieh is much to be  regretted. *       ?-%  819 SEYMOUR STREET,  VANCOUVER.  Having tho only up-to-date grill room  in British Columbia, which in itself ia a  guarantee of a flrst-cloas hotel and restaurant. Business Men's LUNCH, from  12 m, to 3:80 p. m., ��nly 25 untl.  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  tased. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets. .  CORNER CORDOVA AND CARRALL  STREETS, VANCOUVER? ^  Makes a specialty of Dewar'o .pedal  liqueur, also Usher's black label liqueur  whiskey. Large stock of Imported and  domestic cifara. Flne��t billiard and  pool tables. R.     B..  MULLIGAN &  CO.,  Proprietors.  CLARENCE   HOTEL.  (Under new management.)  JAS. W. MASSBY, Proprietor.  Corner  Pender   and   Seymour Sts.  One block from Post Office.   First-class  dining room and bar; white help only.  Best English ales and porter In town.  Rates, 11.00 per day.  DELICIOUS WINE  Midi Exchuivilv from B. C. Fecit.  FBE9H CUT FLOWERS.  ONION-MADK  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip around the  Pnrk call on   -  W. IK Jones B'5S&hou��,'enl  Cigar Factory  NEW WESTMINSTER.  o  (��  o  I*  it  ���n  ->'  ���o  '���'<>  il  n  1.  if  ���Sl6ux^CItr~Jndep^n"tIcM:=Oui,-nnriie~  sake at Vancouver, B. C, has ceased  publishing weekly. The paper was  started some live years ago, and enjoyed a thoroughly trustworthy reputation  by the labor press of the country. The  workingmen of British Columbia should  be alive to their Interests nnd keep the  weekly Independent In,the field.  J. Brodie. Nnnnimo,. P. O.���I am very  sorry that The Independent will only  appear once a month. Any working-  man vvho would grumble at the little  sheet vvouid be too small for anything.  Same old story over agaln;~ Working-  men crucifying their friends. Haven't  wc had our ovvn experience here? Hope  lo see the weekly again.  Jack, Mount Pleasant.���Pa naked me  to write this letter to you and send the  dollar for The Independent. He says  he hopes you will succeed, because  yours la the beat union paper he ever  read. He says n workingman vvho  wouldn't join a union doesn't cnre  much for his little boys and girls. I  nm now ten yenrs old, and when I get  old enough will join the union.  1  THEPBONEEH  Laundry's Workrooms  are as  CleaTTasTthe Wartlsof~a  Hospital.  It is a pleasure to show visit-  over the premises.  All operations are done under  the broad light of day, In an atmosphere laden vvith an abundance of fresh air.  Our processes are scientifically  sanitary, thus does your laundry  , work go    home   from    here ns  " sweet-smelling and   clean as if  dried    in the   pure air of   the  . mountains.  T. H.TwIgge, In Victoria Colonist.���  "After appearing ns a weekly labor paper for four years.^the Vancouver Independent announces that hereafter the  paper will appear monthly, with specials as occasion demands. The Independent has not paid, the proprietors  having lost In time and money some  $3,500. The Independent deserved better  treatment of organised labor, whose  constant, consistent and fearless cham-  1 St cam Laundry  1910-914 Richard* Street. Tel. 840  Branch efflc* in Arcade  Tel. 117��.  ���e CITY MOTEL  R. ASBEOK, Proprietor.  49 Powell Street, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Terms J1.00 per day..  ���  ���  ���  t   GEO. HAY   :  Vancouver's    Ploueer    Clothes  Renovator, makeH a  mi It new.  ^ Dyeing and Repairing. X  ^ ^._216_(;AMI)IH Bt.,_vanoouvbe. 5-  ���������������������������������������  UNION MADE  CIGARETTES  THIS FIRM IS  Because they  .Sell Union  Made Goods  W.J. McMillan & Co.  Wholes.!. Agents (or B. C,  Corner Alexander St. and Columbia Ave.  Vancou       B. C.  P. O. BOX, 296. PHONK, 179.  iiiii  1 promptlj obUiDtd OS RO IM. Ttah-Mirkf, I  I CuTWIi, Copyright! ind Utxll KciifamL I  I TWJHTTYEABS'rEAOTIOl. Hlgbert n&nnoei. I  I Send model, Iketoh or photo, for tn. roport I  I on pitoaUbUltr. All btulneu conldtntlil. F  I HAHD-BOOK Ita. Explain! arei7thln|[. Tolli I  I How lo Obtain and Sill Pntonti. Whtt InTcslioni I  I Will Pnjr, liov lo Got % Partner, ozplaini but I  I roochanleal moTomenti, nnd contain! 800 othor I  I tnlUttUorlmportanco to lnTcnton.     Addrcti, f  fUWILLSON&CO. ��%  738 F Slreet North.       WASHINGTON, P. C  ciinicf*  Beer  Pacific Bottling  Works  Importers and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PbONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  Cncf  f pr Ten Days  Millinery, Blouses, Skirts,  Dress Goods, Swiss Muslins,  White Cottons, Prints, Ginghams. Flaneletts, Tablings,.  Lace Curtains.  Other goods too numerous  to mention. /  W. W. MERKLEY  307 WESTMINSTER AVENUE.  Meeting.  F. O. E.-VANOOUVBR AHBIB, No. (,  meets Wednesday evenings; Tlsltlng  brethren welcome.   Bert Paiwoas, W  P.: J. O. Ure, W. a., Arcade.  78 CORDOVA STREET. '  Under new management. Dining  Room Unsurpassed. Everything Newly Renovated. RATES���JI a Day, Special Rate by the Week. Louis Adams  and James Guthrie, Proprietors.  When you want Shoes made  to order or repaired  L-"1      GOTO �����=7*  TIlOS 0. Mills. m Ci-n-bie  ���l,WO   v�� ,��l",^��Op. Court House  -      UNION SHOP.  'j>wmm^!^'^fi''i^^^'"-i^^^^^^1ir'f  "waBHMflSWaagP'BWW^Ig* SATURDAY NOVEMBER 7, 1903  THE INDEPENDENT.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  [The Independent does not hold lt-  .ee'.f responsible for the opinions of Its  .correspondents. So long as they are  .not libelous, nnd? are of reasonable  lerigth.-they wlll.be published.'./ tfh'e  ;nnme 7,of "the writer *mu3t'' in every  Instance accompany the letter, not  necessarily for publication, but as a  .guarantee .that they will back their  .opinions should occasion require It.]  THK  LEAGUE.  'Sir,���As nn old railroader who knows  something of the value of lnbor legislation 1 um lu faypr of the Inauguration  of- the new'.movement' styled the  '.lnbor'league. What difference does.it  make towage earners what party Is In  power, excepting, of course, the labor  parly, so long as �����& can 'get'progressive  legislation nnd  this only can  be  .done by supporting men of either party  favorable to labor. , .We have>'na ip-;  stance in Vancouverj In''the' case���A'ot  Hon. C'hns. Wilson,'1 Mi L. A., who' has  always been   willing  to  help   labor ns  : far as be was able to go.    Success to  :,ihe nevv league.  AN OLD UNIONIST.  .Mission, B. C.\, Nov. 4, liio:!.  THAT LEAGUE.  Sir,���According to the dally press n  ���.worklngninn'!> electoral '.league has been  formed in "this clly. This Is the right  .course lor u;oi-kliignieii to take.; Il  means thut bur unions will be'relleveM  of a good deal of bitterness*caused over  political affairs. It.only the old and  tried unionists will tako a hand in It, It  .will be u success. Vancouver, like other  jplaces In the province, has been curs-  Zed by the actions of Irresponslbles till  now the words oiganlzed labor stink in  the nostrils of'almoiit anyone ofaverage  common sense. If this league Is to be  .run by socialists and windbags It  should be nipped In the bud, but if not  It should be encouraged by both union  .and non-union workingmen.  11 ��� EX-DELEGATE.   ,  Vancouver, 13. C, Nov.' 0,;190�� . '-.}:  ��� printed matter will often pass unheeded  the object itself will arrest attention.  My- proposition therefore .Is' - to1' collect  samples of roots, fall and winter fruit,  etc, to be forwarded to Great Britain.  Here they could remain for *?a certain  time..? on. exhibit in the, large -towns,  and afterwards be '.distributed 'among  the hospitals and such like Institutions  where they vvouid no doubt be highly  appreciated. I would'suggest printing  a list, of the donors..together, with particulars of the fruit, etc., which each  contribution, so that Intending settlers  might if they so desired,"obtain .Information about any particular locality  from a resident, lly this means It  might,also be possible to open up fresh  markets for., our 'fruit'1 antl Introduce  capital. I would esteem it a favor If"  Intending donors ��� of."i produce would  kindly give probable weight and class  of. sample when communicating, with  me. In order to facilitate arrangements  for collection.    Yours  truly.      ���''  XV.  V.. LEONAUD.-J.  P..,  ���; Salmon Arm; B.*'<..'.," Oct. 20, Isftf."'  ./AVORKINGMAN'S' LEAGUE.'-: "  Sir,���I have been Informed that a  ���workingman's league has been formed  in Vancouver, and its members have  ' beeii' gathered from some of the old  guard of organized labor. I have also  ;been Informed that the league will take  a quiet..but firm stand in.all matters  political,; municipal, provlnclaland dominion. There are many urgent rea-  :scns for the organized workmen ; of  ' British Columbia to take such'a course;  nnd lt is the only way In which thc  vvorkingmen of this province can control the '-political i situation: The league's  (.actions-tin the" forthcoming elections  'will be watched with a great ileal of  .Interest throughout the province.  Would you kindly inform your'readers  itltis the Intention of the1 organizers  of the proposed- league to make this a  .piovincial affair, and organize branches  In every part of.the province?  .     . SAMUEL JOHNSON.  Victoria, B.'C.,' Nov?'' 5," 1903.   .    ���  '    [Note���The    Trades    Council    denies  that organized labor is connected with  .the- scheme.���Ed.'  1 .      SOCIALIST LABOR PARTY.  Sir,���I would like to Informthe public  ithrough the medium of your valuable  ;paper, that the candidates of the: so-called socialist party of British Columbia ln the recent elections held In your  titynre not in any way identified, with  the socialist labor party of Canada.  .Also that they are would-be' imitators of  the socialist labor party, and simply  jtnke the name of socialists to confuse  nnd mislead the wWking.class, trying  .to prevent them from voting; the'' only  igenuine socialist labor party? ticket,  which was represented in your city, in  ���the person of Wllllnm Griffiths. By  ��� assuming the name soelnlist party of  British Columbia they prove them-  ?sc-lves? to be the outcome of purely local conditions, and consequently- must  Ihf.ve purely local aims,"while the '.socialist'labor, party, is the sole International political organization that; in-  ttrepldly and uncompromisingly faces  the foe of the working class.1 and  works ? solely In  the Interests of that  ���class.  C. A. WEITZEL, Secy.  London, Ont.,Oct. S, 1903.  TO   FARMERS AND FKUIT GROWERS.  Sir.���Will you kindly allow me through  -your paper to place before the farm-  -iers-and-frult-grovvers-n-scheme^fon^the:  advancement of   our   province.     The  advantages of British Columbia as   a  -place for settlers are very little known?  ;nnd  It cannot  be denied  that    where  ��� 9  9  9  .9  .9  laspf  Overalls  and  Shirts  ���9  9  ift  ���   ���are  well  and  carefully  made. +  <��  Pit and wear guaranteed.    Union i  o  ���ft  9  ���9  label on every garment.  ASK  FOR  THEM.  ���TUE-  (LIMITED.)  9  a   The oldest Union  Overall Fac- ^  jj tory ln the West..-  ��� ft  ���9     MAW'S BLOCK, WINNING, MAN.     i  9 9  9ft9ft9ft9ft9ft9ftm$^Ql9ft9ft?ft  LAND NOT TARIFF.    ;.   ��� .  Sir,���The terrible state of social con  tiltlonsln,England uttr,iu-ts th,e, people?  tb aiiy reform that promises relief, "xi  the same time they nre so ridden by  the autocrats that tliey cannot see that  nothing but a complete change of their  system of land tenure can in any way  ameliorate the condition of the masses.  Many" people Imagine Unit when anything. Is wrong in the country the.,.way  to correct js Is "to pass 'j. law.'1 "InilO  per eent.'of the "eases'the proper method is to repeal a few of the laws already passed. '''���The government that  governs best is the one that governs  least. This vvas 'recognised b.v Thomas  Jefferson when he said Hint "The cure  for too much liberty is more liberty." If  the'people at Englupd could only realise this, iind Instead of puttlnk more  restrictions upon the masses, removea  few,'they would be better off. .When  a. man lives In wealth vQilioutjyorklng/  .some one else must produce that wealth  for hlui, nnd as long a.s the people of  Enklandniajntalniii landed aristocracy,  vvhieh- dravvsi,l\nrnen.se ground rents,  vvithoutjglvlrig'ariy return,: the masses  must continue In poverty. Instead of'  placing more taxes upon Industry, as  Mr. Chamberlain proposes, remove all,  such taxes and place the burden where  It belongs, on monopoly; Instead of discouraging production by taxing lt, Instead of burdening the tollers with customs .duties, place the taxes upon those  whb'are monopolizing the glft's'of- God,  nnd thus make them pay for tlieir privileges.  "   WALTER H.. ROEBUCK;  Toronto, Nov. 1,1903. . ,  INDEPENDENT ITEMS.  How to make a Maltese.. cross���Just  pull her tail. '*  Ottawa vvill build a, new crematory.  Guess it's needed;  ��� Be a "booster"���anybody" can    be    a  'knocker."���Dirks.  Instead of using Incubators, the  Yanks now 'mesmerise hens into sitting  tight.      ,.  It .was 'Lord Broughtoh who, In 1850,  coined the phrase, "Her innjesty's loyal opposition."  Always have pleasant relations vvith  the members of your union. ? if you  can't  don't?have  any.  Tliey are talking about nominating  and electing a brand new council for  H?04, but then talk is cheap.  The Colonist after chewing the fat  all week over the Houston incident,  prints a Sunday morning, editorial on  "Pig Iron Is Quiet."  In seven towns In Ontario the lighting service Is under?public control and  ownership, while four other towns are  considering similnr action.  .What is an honest employer? He is  one who keeps his word and deals  fairly with employees who cannot compel oiv enforce him to do so.  Xowthat Joe Martin and John Houston have found themselves In agreement re the Joly Incident, the mlllen-  lum might as well consider itself as  arrived.  The .world's shipping consists, of. 30,-  000 steamers and sailing vessels, the  steamers exceeding the vessels l>y'5,r>00.  Nearly one-half of the total tonnage Is  British owned.  The Chicago News says that on account of the great demand for whisky  several idle plants arc to be started up.  This item should be good for one lit on  the ..part'of Carrie.  The American Bible trust has Increased by 40 per cent, the price of the  Word ot God. . Hns It rnised by 10 per  cent, the wages of the sweated ones  who print and bind Bibles?  Meetings of the Trndes and Labor  Council are held the first and third  Thursdays of each month. The hnll ls  large and can accommodate all delegates.   Don't stay away.  They- are accusing tobacconists  now of putting cigars In the wrong  boxes, and It has often seemed to us  that a good many varieties ought to be  put up in bales and passed as hay.  The socialists of San Francisco have  If sued a lengthy manifesto. It says  "that a vote for,the?'union labor party  Is a vote.for the common enemy capitalism." That's ''what the . anarchists  used  to say.  The probable cost of the Grand  Trunk Pacific-will be about $110,000,000.  The? coBt of the prairie section is estimated at $20,000 a mile, and the mountain section $50,000, or a total of $17,000,-  000 and ?, $25,000,000 . respectively. . The  -   v. , y ���  eastern section from Winnipeg to Moncton will cost $50,000,000, at $30,000 a mile.-  In addition to this vvill be the cost of  the various,branch lines. It is held that  this estimate is too large, and'we believe It Is, as the actual outlay for the  construction now in progress by the  Canadian Northern is but half that  amount, Rolling stock Is named at $20,-  000,000. Costly us transcontinental railways are, yet they are big profit-makers. The total net Income of the C. P.  11. for the year ended last June, was  over $17,000,000, of .which over $9,000,000  was available for dividends. And yet  tliere are those vvho nre opposed to  public ownership of railways.  brought upon the premises where the  men are working,.and "It ls .distinctly  understood that no worker or boss  shall be permitted to work while In un  intoxicated condition." This is a far  different state of affairs than that  which prevailed before the men were  organized.  The tories seem to have some difficulty In filling their .cabinet at Victoria. The portfolios are still being  piddled around Ihe country without  bidders or takers.  One of the great drawbacks to the  tory. party In this country .to-day Is  the fact that many of the leaders  Imagine that the.v have a divine light  to a monopoly on the "loyalty" to the  British crown. The.se llp-Ioyallsts aie  the real demagogues of any nation.  Threshers, coni huskers, ��� plowmen,  .stockiaborers���In fact, all men employed In an,v .way, about faims���are eligible to'iiieinbershlp In the union of faim  laborers lately formed In-Illinois. The  new organization proposes to demand a  minimum vvage?of $3.1 per month and  board. ���:':" .  ,       ������'  Some individuals belonging .to oui'  unions, vve are sorry, to state., wanting  to become . distinguished .and '-.make  their, mark, yo :o speak- and  knowing  no-'other1 ��� way;   simply :   raise -   h 1.  Never at peace only when at war,.Just  like Napoleon. They are destructive,  devilish, and deceitful.     ' �� '  ��������� A fool Imagines everyone..dense and  ignorant in the union that disagrees  witli him. .Utter contempt is shown by  him for those who speak from experience. They are promptly told they are  fossils, and should remember-, that It is  the future that must be considered.  Verily, the fool rideth to h���1 on horse  back.'    ���:. -Ix   -.',': " ���:'  A  mischievous  anxiety  To pose In high society.  Ry  virtue  of the    Dollar-God's    false  thunder, .  Is why the worker's sweated  And his wife and children fretted  While   the  fat   man" Is    accumulating  plunder!  ���Xnrranghl   Boorl.  St. Thomas lathe only city In Canada  that owns its street railway. The municipality has only mnnnged it six  months, being taken over as a broken-  down concern, In debt nnd badly equipped. It has paid running expenses/Including the cost of repairs, luldeikmorc  cars, given a better service, and thoroughly reorganised.  After a, year's trial, a San Francisco  (Cal.) business firm has become convinced of the profitableness 'of ithe  eight-hour system, and declares that  no amount of; argument could add  weight to the plain, presentation of  facts, which prove that the shorter  workday pays,7 both as a moral and as  a business proposition.  The snobs who look down on labor  Journalists should remember that some  of them stick to the labor papers because their likings are that way. They  should also understand that attachment to the labor cause In any shape is  always viewed an a detriment, and that  thc dailies are down upon all laborites,  no matter how able.���Tbe Sydney  Worker.  Our esteemed crank friend says that  If some of our labor/leaders were on  to their Jobs their time vvouid be so  taken up In profitable work that tbey  could not get time to talk about what  they have done, are doing or vvill do.  All wind and no:work /make people  very weary' and disgusted. If the jaws  really-need exercise don't chew the  rag, but chew spruce gum or tnr.  Most of..our school teacheis are too  prone to condemn the slow-learning  pupil'and praise the quick learner. lithe pupil does the best he caii and is  diligent with his work, he does well,  and deserves credit. Effort Is as important as excellence. Many a dunce at  school In after life has become famous?  and many a smart school boy In  manlioocl- ImsT'disgram^hls- kith- and  kin.  By their abominable tactics . . ..of  arraying at election times all their forces against the radicals and liberals,  which was equal to supporting the con-  servntlves, they (the I.L.P.) have done  their best to pave the way tor the  piesent imperialism, and the.v have got  their heavy share of responsibility for  the heavy blows which the conservative government has struck lately at  the security of the labor organizations.  ���Prince L'ropotkln.  The Order of St. Luke, n negro orgnn-  lzation, has been seeking for years to  remedy the wrongs of the race ln the  Southern States. The order has devised a way to escape from the lynchlngs  and unjustifiable suspicions with which  the blacks are looked upon by the  whites by migrating to Canada.  Branches of this order arc toiie organized In the leading Canadian and  American cities, and a mutual benefit  system will be Inaugurated to transport  and settle their brethren in the Canndlnn west and British Columbia. The  Immigration policy of the government  should be a white Canada first, Inst and  always. ���  The New York Longshoremen's  Union, following? the advice given by  the International officers of that organization, has taken a firm, stand on the  temperance question. The agreement  now? being, made with" employers eon-  tains a clause that ','no beer, whisky,  or other Intoxicating liquors shall  be  With the more perfect and thorough  organization of the . wage-earners, of  the world arbitration in some form Is  bound.to come and take the place of  strikes and lockouts. This I.s the belief.  ns well us the hope, of the closest  students nf the labor problem today,  Our Victoria Advertisers.  The advertising priges of The Inde pendent -will. reveal to trades unionist*  in Victoria the tradesmen who are in practical touch with them, and they  will naturally govern themselves accordingly in making purchases.  PHONE 908  Union Excavating ComfiaDu  ���     �����     Mimnfrats   M���t. m-w  J. E. MURPHY Mgr.  AU railroaders In these parts will be  pleased to learn thnt A. Ii. Lowe, the  trackmen's organizer, Is 'way back east  accomplishing great work. Writing  from. Boston .recently he;i said: "One  thing I can be sure of is, that whether  few or many, 1 will koep pegging away  till every system In New Englnnd has  bten organized.'" That's Brother Lowe  all; over.  Sbme time 'ago "Golden Rule" Jones,  who Is mayor of Toledo, fined everybody in the court room 10 cents "tpr  living in a..city.where avmn'n had to  steal In. pi'der to eat. A boy?had-pleaded guilty of the crime of stealing a loaf  ol bread. ��� The collection amounted to  th.AO. ? "Hereis the mo.iy to pay your  line."'wild his honor to, the surprised  youth, "and I remit the fine. Climb out  of here "now and prove me a prophet  when I say you vvill never do this  thing again.".-.   ?   . ���:-���',.      ���  .Some of the worst rascals vve know  of are managers and 'superintendents of  certain'bis corporations. They are the  cause of more misery and heart-aches,"  than great disasters, oecause they are  continually at their dirty work of  trumped-up charges against faithful  employees on the reports of- spotters  and mercenary individuals who must'  do something to get tbeir shekels���they  don't earn them. If this thing keeps  up steps will be taken to bring pressure to bear on the government to investigate these.hellish carryings on.  The Canadian Single Tnxer. ofllclal  organ of the single tnxers of Canada,  has made its appearance at Toronto,  Ont. Mt is an eight-page monthly, the  associate, editors of which being Alan  (.'. .Thompson and Arthur XV. Roebuck,  both well-known single taxers. The  letter press is carefully and ably prepared, while Kervvin Bros., the printers  do credit to themselves and the "art  preservative.". Fifty cents a year, is  the subscription price, and we hope all  single taxers in the dominion will be  on theinaillngilst. Success to the new  venture.  A strong movement Is on : foot in  Germany to do away vvith the severe  prosecutions there for lese majestic.  The socialists are especially opposed to  sucb prosecutions. In effect they claim  that the punishments for such offences  are altogether too severe. A book has  been published detailing the history of  old Itoinan legislation on the: subject.  And yet our local socialists will tell  you Germany is the most progressive  country in the world���because there  are more socialists there than In any  other. The rise of socialism in the  fatherland is more of a protest against  militarism than anything else.  Last year Canada imported from the  United States about $130,000,000, and exported to the same country a little over  $71,000,000. Of this latter amount some  $66,500,000 was home products, while of  the total Imports .'over $114,500,000 was  produce required for home consumption.  Canada is largely an agricultural country, yet we buy from Uncle Sam's domains almost twice as much aswe sell,  and of: produce that we ought to grow  ourselves. According to,its population,  British Columbia is the largest importing province In the dominion. It is to  be hoped our provincial government will  make a note of this fact and see what  it can do In the way of holding out Inducements to settlers on small holdings  near our cities and towns.  9  The   Sunday Evening   Club of X  ttlie    Jackson    Avenue    Baptist, ft  Church will carry out tlie follow- jp  PROGRAMME. g  CO.MMBN'CINd  AT.8 1'. .VI.  Oct. 22���Organ Kecltnl by I'ltor. Alex.  ������HALI..-Solos,;reiidings, etc.  I Nov. 5 ��� StercoptlcMi Lecture, "1.000  I Miles Up the Nile," orer ��) beautiful  I       colored views, by Rkv. W. C. Kino.  ' Nov. 19��� Lecture, "New Zealand, Its  I History, l'copio and Laws." by Mi:.  I       K. ltKi.i.,ioi,g a citizen of N*. /..  1 Dec. 3���Lecture, "The Strike yn. Arbi-  I       tration," by Francis Williams.  i Dec. 17 ��� "Experiences Purine the  .. South Alrlcnn War," by Dn. Frank  1 McTavisii, JI. H. C. S. (England),  > civil niecliciil oflluer ilnrlng the late  I Boer war, linilor Col. Munro of tbe  I BcHforth Highlanders.  1 Jan. I*, 1904���Lecture, " Patriotism,'!.  t      by Kbv. K.'S. IIowk, I). 1)., Victoria.  , Jan. 28���Lecture, " (ilndstone," by Hey.  S' It.Ci. MACllUTll.  Feb. II���"An KvcniiiR with Tennyson,"  hough, rOHtlltigs, etc., by Kkv. A.  Eixi.cii Hiiuck, London.  Feb. 25���I-iTUlre. " Exiierieiiees in Cu-  ban ami l'hllllplno wars," by Chaplain O. C. IIatkman, who was at the  Fall nl Santiago anil since in the  I'hilllpliie hlainls.  Other lectures  will   lie   announced  later.  MWM6WB  .!? H.  Sewer Connection.s, General Excavating. Cesspool  Cleaning, Etc. Prices Moderate. All Work?  Promptly Attended to.   Estimates given.  Of/Ice:   EMPIRE CIGAR STORE  No. 105 Douglass Street / '  '  SATISFACTION GUARANTEED  Victoria, B. C.  Victoria Union Directory.  VICTORIA LABORERS' PROTECTIVE  Union, Federal No. 2.���Meets flrst and  third Friday In Labor Hall, room 4.  President, A. Johonson; vice-president,  T. Cox;' secretary, J. C. Mapleton; treasurer, J. Goldstraw; Warden, A." Harris;  conductor, 3. McConncl; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council, A: Johonson,'  T. Cox. Lee O. Charlton, Wm. McKay  and J. C: Mapleton.  THE QUEEN'S HOTEL  v     J.   M.   HUGHES, PROPRIETOR,  Corner of Johnson  and  Store Streets,  Centrally local**! and all conveniences. Terms tl per day -mrl upwards.  Free Bus. Telephone.  ���������Jo T��.JONC&������ -  Empire Cigar Si6re  Free'-Reading Room and Headquarters of the Laborers'  Protective  Union.  105 Douglas Street, Opposite Labor Hall  VICTORIA, B. C.  117 GOVERNMENT STREET.  Men's and Boy's Clothing, Boots and  Shoes.   Union Store.   Union Clerks.  ��3"'Lowest-priced outfitters hi the  City of Victoria.   Give us a call.  Having: refused to comply with the demands of tbe Retail Grocers' Association, forming a combination of prices to increase the price of the necessities  of life, 'the. following letter, signed by'-all the grocers, has been Issued in  their attempt to boycott us, viz: ,  "That this Association, each and every one, binds? themselves not to purchase or trade with any person or firm, who In future will supply merchandise to any person or .Ilriii.in the retail trade who vvill not adhere to the prices  set by the Retail Grocers' Association of this citv on FLOUR and SUGAR.  This means that they will try to force us out of the business by not being  able to purchase in this city.  We have ordered CARLOADS OF GOODS from the East and will be able  to give our customers better prices than ever, and vve will always be found doing business at 111 Government Street. Patronize us and you will be protected from against thff combination.  I   X  9  9  9  9,  EVERY KIND OF  Job Printing Done  SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY.  Independent  Printing  Co'y  ; 112 HASTINGS STREET, OVER BARR AND ANDERSONS,  .���i  o.  0  for fine Photos  14 CORDOVA ST. W.  GRAND BALL  Under the auspices of  Beaver Lodge No. 182, I. A. of M.  Will be given in  O'Brien's  Hall, Friday Evening  ���   At i m  Gentlemen, $ I .OO, Ladies, 50 cts���including su|>|>ei? THB INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY, NOVEMBER" "7," i903 '���  �� Use Kynoch Brand of loaded Shot Shells.  the most reliable on the market.  Thoy  are  We have everything necessary for the sportsman.  Call and examine our stock.  CHARLES. E. TISDALL,  Temporary Address:   412 Cordova Street, West  Important to architects, builders and  real estate owners and all persons contemplating building. The following is a  list of reliable contractors of buildings  employing union men only, and who are  on friendly terms with their employees.  No danger of strikes or defective construction of buildings in charge of these  contractors:  VANCOUVER AND VIC'INITV.  " CARPENTERS.  '   Astell, R., Eveleigh street.  Baker, G. B., 62S Eighth avenue east.  Baynes & Horrie, lliiW Pender street.  Bell. H. G.,. 67G' Granville street.  Blackwell & Billings, 14:!!! Beach  avenue.  Brooks, David, corner Homer and  Robson streets.  Cline. William, & Son, 320   Westminster avenue.  ���   Cornish & Cooper, Seymour street.  Cunningham,   M., 606  Eighth avenue  ���west.  , Davidson, B., 1037 Thurlovv street.  Diskette, J. J.  Dixon & Lyte, Seymour street.  Dowse & Carver, Hastings street.  Fox, J. M., Campbell avenue.  Fraser & Brehaut, Seymour street.  Ferguson, James, S72 Richards street  Gladwin. Frank, 314 Cordova street  east.  Grimths. M. C, 1249 Davie street.  Griffiths, Jos., 1791 Seventh avenue.  Hepburn, \V., 928 Burrard street.-  Hobson, Edward, 1G36 Davie street.  Horrobin, Thos., 8 Dufferin street  west.  Hunter, Thos., 1106 Melville street.  Laylleld, J., Ninth avenue, Fairview.  Lyons & McCall, Ninth avenue and  Heather street.  Macpherson & Sinclair,, Barnard and  Campbell avenue.  Mathlson, J. P., 351 Robson street.  Rfills, C. F., 934 Davie street.  McKlnnon, Thps., 514 Pender street.  McLeod, Rod., 65S Howe street.  .?  McMullen.   Win.,  135 Hastings street  west.  McGee, H.. Seventh avenue. Falrview. |  Morton, John, 333 Fourteenth avenuei  ��3��t.  Perkins & Chase, 713 Prior street.  Perry, Chas., 643 Howe street.  Purdy & Lonergan, 515 Georgia street.  Robinson,    John,     706     Westminster  avenue.  Bockett. Matthew, 1124 Burnaby St. B  /   Scarlet Bros., Falrview.  Echofield,   Geo.,   Dunsmuir  street.  Sharp, Allan, 606 Pender street.  Shindler, C. P., 1112 Nelson street.  Steves & Limbki.  Tardlf, P., 984 Burrard street.  Truscott, Charles F., 893 Seymour  street.  Wilson, Hugh, 39 Seventh '���''avenue  east.  BRICK AND STONE MASONS.  Adams, A., 523 Richards street.  Brietcnstein,    F.    W.,    1154     Eighth  avenue west t .���  ELECTRICIANS.  Campbell, D��� Arcade, Hastings street,  Cope & Frey, Hastings street.  Barber, A. E. & Co., Granville street.  Hlnton Electrical Company, Granville street.  Mitchell, R. & Co., 509 Westminster  avenue.  LATHERS.  Macey,  Geo.,   1665    Seventh    avenue  west.  Munroe, II,, Gore avenue.  Newberry, Jos., 502 Hawks avenue.  Stone, T.. 415 Hastings street.  .PAINTERS,   DECORATORS   AND  PAPER-HANGERS.  Baker. R��� 1319 Howe street.      --.--  Bishop, F. P., 728 Pender street.  Buchanan & White,  Hastings street  west.  Clarke & Jones, 212 Princess stieet.  Clarkson & Mayne, 607 Pender street.  Cornish & Cooper, Seymour street.  Cummlngs, C, 847 Howe street.  Dixon & Lyte, Seymour street.  Fleury, city.  Flemish Finishing Co., Granville  street.  Foster, N. G., Granville street.  Gasklll, G., Hastings street east.  Gauley, D. L., Cambie street.  Graham, A. C, 1111 Seymour street.  Hodgson, A., 422 Hastings street.  Inge & Morse, Eeventh avenue, Falr-  Raftery.  Jordan & McCubbin, 2729 Westmnlster  avenue.  Kearsley, F.  Langdale, J. R., S13 Seymour street.  Limpus   &   McDonald, 268    Barnard  street.  McDonald & Sykes, Room 5, 640 Robson street.  McGee & Fraser. 21 Thirteenth  avenue, Mount Pleasant.  McKay, R., S14 Pender street.  Muller, H��� 103 1-2 Cordova street.  Rogers, Jonathan, Hastings stieet.  Ross, A., 135 Twelfth avenue vvest.  Spillman & Todd, Granville street.  Stanley, W��� Hudson's Bay Co.  Thompson & Alderman, city.  Whatmough, G��� corner Seaton and  Burrard streets.  Willson, W. T.  STONE CUTTERS.  Forrest & Watson, 1347 Hornby .street.  Gibb, D., 1259 Robson street.  McDonald     &     Mahoney,,   Hastings  street.  Annals of American Academy of Political and Social Science, July issue,  1902.  Land and Labor, by Wm, Godwin  Moody.  Social Unrest, John Graham Brooks.  And others too numerous to mention.  Labor Eight  Annals of Toll, by 3. Morrison Davidson.  Letters of Love and Labor, by Samuel M. Jones.  RIGS AND SADDLE HORSES Always on band at Hotel North Vancouver.  UNION EXPRESS���Phone 1354. Cor-  Abbott and Hastings streets. Prompt  attention to all calls.  LABOR LtTERATURE.  All workingmen and others should  iead the following pamphlets Issued by  the Americas Federation of Labor:  Organised  Labor, Its   Struggles, Its  Enemies, aiH Fool Friends, by Samuel  Gompers,  Some Real ons for Chinese Exclusion.  History ol   Trade Unions,    by  Wm.  Trant and V   3. McGulre.  Eight Hour Primer by Geo. E. McNeill.  Economic <tnd Social Importanoe of  the Elght-h iur Mo����ment, by Geo.  Gunton.  Philosophy of the Eight-hour Movement,  by Lemuel Daaryld.  Eight-hour   WorkdaT,     by   Samuel  Gompers.  What Does Labor Wnnt, by Samuel  Sompers.  Philosophr ���>! Trade Unions, by Dyer  D. Lum.  The "Philosophy or the Labor Movement," by Geo. E. McNeill.  What Labor Could Do, by John Bwln-  ton.  The Safety of the Future Lies ln Organized Labor, by Henry. D. Lloyd.  Universal Education, by "Senator  Henry W. Blair.  Condition of Women Workers, by Ira  M. Van Etten.  Why  We Unite.  Report of Discussion on Political Program, Denver Convention, 1894.  No Compulsory Arbitration, by Samuel Gompers.  dues and sick, death and strike benefit*. There were paid In strike benefits  to the members Involved $38,521.25, and  for the last ten months the disbursements ln sick and death benefits were  $67,021.22. Sixty-nine factories adopted  the union stamp and 77 new locals were  added, our membership increasing from  21,931 In November, to 33,775 on August  31. Our receipts Increased from $16,-  184.79 In October, to $28,752.16 In August.  ���C. L. Bnlne, general secretary-treasurer.  XV. XV. MEAKLEY.  Thi.s firm's place of business is at  the corner of Westminster avenue and  Hastings street. A first-class stock  of dry goods and millinery Is kept. A  25 per cent, reduction has been made on  all lines of millinery and work-people  especially should take advantage of this  generous offer. Also a full range of  ladles' dress goods and underskirts are  sold at the very lowest prices. This Is  the best place in the east end for bargains.  Don't be Careless !���  JI        -V -. M _ X       .-' I  I  Don't start your wheel on the new season's work without a  thoroiighoverhauling. It will add much to your comfortiand.seour-  ity and will cost you but Uttle. We havo a thoroughly up-to-date  bicycle repair department.  W  ii  126 Hastings St. f  Stoves, Ranges and Kitchen Furniture.  *���**$���*���*���***���*������<  n  >H:9:K9X9X9W.+X9Xl9*9Hi+  Vancouver Union Directory.  REVIEWS FOR THE YEAR.  (From the Federatlonist.)  CARRIAGE    WORKERS.  Our treasury i.s in a good healthy  condition ami wc have every reason to  hope that we are building a strong and  powerful organization. In the last two  years we have doubled our membership.  ���C. A. Peterson, secretay-treasurer.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AND  Labor Council meets first and third  Thursday in each month, at 7.30 p.m  President, W. J. Lamrick; vlco-preaWent,  Geo. Dobbin; secretary, F. J. Russell; financial secretary, J. L. Lllley; treasurer,  A. N. Harrington; sergeant-at-arms, J. C.  Kerr; statistician, J. H. Perkins; trustees, Messrs. Pound, Cross and Thompson; executive committee, Messrs. Georgt  and Gothard.  Two Carloads of Heating Stoves  Just .Arrived for  McLennan, McFeely & Co.  These stoves have been selected from the best makers on 'this' continent,,  and are just what is needed in Vancouver.   Any   size   and   for any purpose,,  whether for wood, coal or coke, or for all combined, and the prices are right.  Now Is your time to buy, before the assortment la broken.   A full line of airtight wood burners on hand.   STORE OPEN EVERT SATURDAr'NlGHT."  ficLennan, McFeely <���� Co.  LIMITED  122 Cordova Street  'Phone 44.  TEXADA MINERS'. UNION, No. 113, W.  F. M.���Meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  m. In Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, F. Hall; vice-president. J. Llnklnt-  er; secretary, J. P. Lawson; treasurer, A.  G. Delghton; conductor, J. Ritchie; warden, James Klrkness.  SHIRT WAIST AND LAUNDRY  WORKERS' UNION, No. 105.-Meets  every 2nd and 4th Thursday ln each  month ln Union hall. President C. N.  Lee; vice-president, JI. Whltmore; corresponding secretary, W. Sharp; financial  secretary, W. Young; treasurer, Miss Lo-  mle; delegate to Trades and Labor Council, C. N. Lee, Geo. Rowlands, W. Lald-  law, R. Coltart.  WAITERS AND WAITRESSES' UNION  Local No. 28. President, Charles Ovar;  vice-president, A. N. Herrtngton; seer*.  tary-treasurer, J. H. Perkins; recording  secrotary. Miss A. Scuitto; Press agent,  W. Ellender. Meeting. every second Fri*  day evening at 8.80 o'clock ln Union  Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmulr streets  PLASTERERS.  Cook, Fred, 647 Hornby street.  Ellison & Tolman, City.  ;  Forshaw,' R. P., 821 Hornby street  Gibb, David, 1269 Robson street.  Hay Bros., 1283 Burrard street.  Hicks, A., Carl avenue.  McPhall, ���.,  Colonial hotel.  Rogers, Jonathan, Hastings street.  Saul, David, 1465 Georgia street.  Trotter, R. G., 433 Prior street.  Tossell, C., 1262 Hornbv street.  Waldon &    Kellman,  1255   Hastings  streel.  V����������������������������9����@������  | Tbe Salt  of Life  is business. We want moro of  it. We'll get it if an out and out  bargain will fetch it.  How is This  A two-quart  Hot Abater Bottle  or  Fountain Syringe  75c.  ! The McDowell, Atkins,  Watson Co., Ltd.. Liability |  UP-TO-DATE DRUGGISTS.   .  Astel, James, Eveleigh street.  Adams, J., 737 Church street.  Barker, B.  Borland, J., 1934 Nelson street.  Coleman, J., Fifth avenue, Fairview  Dairon,   D. A., 635   Seventh    avenue  west.  Fuller, Geo., 305 Pender street.  Handy, L., Eighth avenue and Heath  er street.  Macey, Samuel, Seventh avenue, Fair-  view.  McLean, A., 339 Powell street.  Raftery.  ���Stebbings,-A���R���lOS-Harrls-strcetr  ALLIED METAL  MECHANICS.  It is a source of gratification to us to  be able to say, that during this year vve  have won the shorter workday, secured better condition of employment, and  a 10 per cent. Increase in wages in over  400 shops, to say nothing of increases  secured on railway systems and the  signing ol' several union label agreements.���John 'Mulholland, International  president. 0��  JOURNEYMAN TAILORS' UNION OF  America, No. 178.���Meets 1st and 3rd  -Mondays In room No. 1, Union Hall. President, C. If. Whalen; vice-president, H.  O. Burrltt; secretary, F. Williams, 1S14  Seventh avenue, west; secretary-treasurer, J. Savage; sergeant-at-arms, Mr.  Lavilette: delegates to Trades and Labor  Council, Messrs. Whalen, Williams and  Lavilette.  CLERKS.  SHEET  METAL WORKERS AND  ROOFERS.  Burke, A. J., 334 Howe street.  Bell, Thomas, 717 Westminster avenue,  Flett, John  A., 330    Hastings street  west.  Hodgson & Stearman, Granville street,  McLennan, McFeely   & Co., Cordova  street.  Ralph, Wm., 126 Hastings street west,  A. P. Stewart, SU Westminster nve.  Wllband,   E.  S���  46 Hastings     street  west.  SOME LABOR LITERATURE.  Six Centuries ot Work and Wages,  by Thorold Rogers.  Evolution of the Trade Unionist, by  jSVank K. Foster.  Sympathetic Strikes and Lockouts, by  Fred.  S. Hall.  Organized Self-Help, by Herbert Cas-  son.  The Hislory of Trade Unions, by Beatrice and Sydney Webb.  The New Right, by Samuel M. Jones.  History and Functions of Central Labor Unions, by W. Maxwell Burke.  Human Progress, by Thomas S. Blair.  ���Wealth and Progress, by George Gunton.    ,-  Democracy, by Beatrice and Sydney  .Webb.  Relations of Employer and Employee  (Symposium),  by John P. Peters.  During the year our organization has  more than doubled its membership and  has nearly doubled the number of charters issued In 'he preceding time. In  two years we added 494 locals, organized or re-organized. We have made  great progress in shortening the hours  of labor, ln advancing wages and in  improving conditions under which the  vast body of clerk." must work.���Max  Morris, secretary-treasurer. ,  BAKERS.  Out of our 325 local unions In good  standing, 209 have gained a reduction  of the hours of labor ln the average of  one hour a day. In 154 unions the wuges  were raised; 17 unions abolished night  work. The adoption ot the union label  and recognition of the organization has  been gained  in ti great    many locals  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union, No. 120���President, E. Harpur; vice-president, J. Gil-  man; corresponding-financial secretary,  J. A. Stewart, 442 Hastings St. E.; recorder, W. L. Aylesworth; treasurer,  G. Bower; guide, W. Bushman; guard-  Ian, O. E. Jacques; delegates to T. & L.'  Council, E. Harpur and J. A. Dlbden.  Meets flrst and third Wednesdays of  each month in Union Hall.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS     AND     JOINERS ��� Meets  every second and fourth Wednesday In  Union hall, -room 2. President, George  Adams; vice-president, J. P. Dubberley;  recording secretary, U. Chaplin, 261 Princess street; financial secretary, E. J.  Moore; treasurer, L. C. De Wolfe; conductor, James F. Gray; warden, J. G.  Tingley; delegates to T. and L. Council,  Geo. Dobbin, George Adams, A. E. Coffin, L. C. 'De Wolfe and Murray; delegates to the Building Trades Council,  Messrs. McMurdo and Murray; alternates, McLaren and Walker.  where such a demand has been made.���  F. H. Harzbecker, international secretary.  LAUNDRY WORKERS.  The Shirt, Waist and Laundry Workers' International Unioii has Just rounded Its third . successful yeur, and In  looking over our record we can certainly  credit ourselves with having accom-.  plished some good work. We bnve en  rolled S2 local unions, established three  district councils ot our craft, increased  our membership, to almost double in  numbers, while our finances have been  increased threefold over that of. the  previous year.���Charles K. XnrcliM-k,  secretary.  HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES.  On the 1st day of September, 1902, our  International had a membership of 23,-  392. Our Ilnancial position vvas represented by a fund of J8.765.18. We had  live general organizers on the road Tor  the best part of the yeur. Increasing  that number during the month of .May,  1903, to 12. On the 1st day of September, 1903, our membership calls for 40,-  139, an Increase of 25,738 during the fiscal year, and our financial position represented by a general fund of $27,962.37.  ���Jere Sullivan, international secretary.  BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS.  The Boot and Shoe Workers' Union  hns enjoyed the same steady progiess  ln all departments this year that has  been Its history since reorganization, on  June 19,1899, on Its present plan of high iRand.  VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226, meets the 4th Monday in  each month at Union Hall. President,  W. J. MacKay; vice-president, S. J. Gothard; secretary, W. H. Hunt, P. O. Box 66;  treasurer, John Watkins; sergeant-at-  arms, James Webster; executive committee, Ralph Wilson, A. XV. Flnbow, N.  Cleland and P. Kellas; delegates to  Trades and-Labor-CouncIlrRoberf Todd,"  George Bartley, Geo. Wilby.  THE RETAIL CL?ERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets ln O'Brien's Hall, ths first and  third Tuesdays of each month. J. A.  Murray, president; W. J. Lamrick, secretary, MS Princess street.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OP,  Machinists, Beaver Lodge, No. 182.���  Meets second and fourth Wednesdays In  each month ln the Lesser O'Brien Hall.  President, Geo. P. Downey; past president, J. R. Edwards; vice-president, H. J.  Littler; recording secretary. J. H. McVety; financial secrotary, J. Anderson.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF  Electrical Workers. Vancouver Local,'  No. 213���Meets second and fourth Wednesday ln each month In O'Brien's Hall. President, A. McDonald; vice-president, J  Dubberley; recording secretary, B. W.  Huston; financial secretary, H. V. Raskin.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD  , of Blacksmiths' Union, No. 151, meets  ln the O'Brien hall on the lst and  3rd Mondays of each month, at 8  o'clock p.m. President, Robert Gray;  Financial Secretary, Charles McAllister; Recording Secretary, D. Robinson, Box 37, Vancouver, B, C.  BARTENDERS' UNION, LOCAL NO.  676���Meets every first and third Sunday, at 2 p.m., ln each month, In Union  hall. President, E. B. Johnson; vice-  president, H. C. Pyke; treasurer. G.  Wood; corresponding secretary, O. Perkins; Inspector, J. Morency; guard,  Charles Ashbeck; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Morency and T.  Visiting brothers welcome.  ��x��)K��x��)K��x��x��x��?tr^^��j^^��.��:��:��x��:��:��:K��^��:��:��:f:��x��xox��*-  $3.00  T  Isn't much  O PAY for an AIR-TIGHT HEATER  that's well  made', of good  material, with an attractive metal  + urn and screw damper.   It's really a  J good stove, and besides tlie saving that  2 you'll make buying of us.;  We show  % you  a   larger assortment to. choose  % from than any other house in the city.  I  Vancouver Hardware Co.,  | 339 Hastings Street.  +%^��*��*^y>%��)K��:*��*fr* ��*Hi*Hi9)MHi9)K9X9M+Hi9Hi9Hi*'  H  ?5>������������a'!>^^  ...CASCADE...  " The Beer Without a Peer."  $! Doz. Pints  $2 Doz. Quarts  FOR SALE AT ALL FIRST-CLASS  s     LIQUOR STORES, HOTELS  AND SALOONS  Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.  Vancouver, B. C.  and for sale at all flrst-class Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels.  Traveller*' Samples of Boys' Clothing  Boys' 2 and 3-Piece Suits, Norfolk Jackets   and Double-Breasted  Suits for from 6 to 10-year-old chaps.  I       Three-Piece Suits in Single and Double-Breasted, for Boys from  110 to 14 years.  Reefer Jackets, Overcoats and Ulsters for the little' fellow at five  j years, and for his older brothers on up to 14 years of age.  These are the Bamples we .bought from a traveller of one of our  most reliable clothing manufacturers, and when you learn that we are  offering them to you at the maker's regular prices, - you'll think It  wise to bring your boys here as soon as possible and fit them out for  | the winter.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT if* CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunfc Store 12? Hastings St., Upp. Wm. Ralph's.  ��� Bssssssssa^ass  RAINIER BEER  Is a glorious summer beverage���quenching  and satisfying.   Remember there's .no other  "just as good"-  ��� tT9  -insist on getting Rainier.  Works  !(  I  .  ���*  1  t~  ���*"/ .'  ti  ��j  rv  w  4*.  Svii V  ivftt-Ja'tS  w$J  ;, _i JSsn^r0vi&iC^'iEp3^ii&ii'zg*%!  Bg^iWJ^^W%-*''i'aSJ|S'>-tf'i?wii'


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