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The Independent Aug 22, 1903

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 Legislative Llbr'y, Mar 31(0��  ft1  I t'i  l?\  THE.ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA  .'. BA.-V IN08   BANK . .  A General I'miklug lliwluess  IVtiiitcted.  OWICKS-UmiliUiiii Street,  W���  Westminster Avenue, Vimcotiver.  B. ('. PERMANENT IM ARD  SAYINGS GO.  Authorized Capital ��� ?10,000,000  Subscribed Cauiul ��� - 1,600,000  AwietiOver . ��� ��� ��� SO0.0OO  Head Office, 821 Cambie StrMt,  Vancouver, B. C.  FOUKTH YEAK.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY,  AUGUST 22, 1903.  WHOLE NO. 177.  I  IV'  k  f'  \i.  ��  ft  I  I  1  L  Labor Day  Celebration  The T. and L. Council Holds Enthusiastic Meeting���Prospects Bright for a Great  Day���Visitors Address the  ��    Delegates���Reports of Committees���The Market  Scheme Endorsed���New Delegates.  Vice-president George Dobbin occupied the chair at Thursday night's  meeting of the Trades and Labor council.' Secretary E. Harper was also in  ,Iiis place. There.was a good attendance of delegates,> and the- business  transacted was business-like and to the  DOillt.  Geo. Hargreaves and L. F. Willlam9,  of the New Westminster Trades and  Labor council, were present in the Interests of the Labor Day celebration.  F. H. Vunderhoof, general arganizer  of the A. F. of L. for the St'.ue of  Washington, was also piesent, nod ad-  cdressed the meeting.  CREDENTIALS. '  Stevedores Union No. 1���A. Leah, P.  Olsen, W. Elliott, J. Powell.  Foundry Helpers���Jos. G. Brown.  U. B. of R.    E.-J.    Lllley    and    Jt.  Brooke.  Stieet Rallwaynien���James JlcOuig-  an, Hobt. Brunt, A. J. Wilson, Jesse  Eaton, Chas. Tanner.   ,< ��� :  'New delegates were sea.**d.   '  REPORTS.  The committee on the city market  scheme reported at length, and it was  Resolved���That a free n.urket should  lie  established  in' Vancouver.  Transportation committee reported  .satisfactory arrangements >.'had bewi  made to run an excursion irom Victoria'on Labor Day.'  Celebration 'committee reported that  eveiything was- satlsflctory lor,.the  largest celebration on ie--or.l In this  province.  Committee on the Engllsn Bay Improvement proposition , reported J.io-  gress.  The 'mortgage 'committee reported  urogress.,  Reception committee reported having  met several of the British Journalists  ���anil .acquainted them of the facts in  connection with the labor'oltuatlo.i on  the coast. -\ i    .       'A    ,  Civic employees reported that they  Iind organized under the American Labor Union and sent their old ���:hat,ter  back to Trades and Labor Congress of  Canada,  Tenmsters voted $10 for prizes ior  Labor Day.  Clerks reported' good progress being  made  regarding,pinion card.-    t  L. F. WILLIAMS  BiKike briefly. New Westminster would  like to take a hand In the Labor Day  festivities, and was In Vancouver for  information and to arrange preliminaries. They had been working on this  matter at Westminster and lt was  proposed to run an excursion. Regarding the trades council he represented,  lie  said   that   though   their, light was  "rhtlier'THrtphlll one, yel they, were  still In the ring and would ultimately  come out all right.  GEO. HARGREAVES,  the genial secretary of tis N��K Stttf*  minster Trades and Labor council, Was  well received. He said'that he had  noticed from the different' reports that  evening that it was proposed to establish a market ut Vancouver. And lie  reminded his hearers that those who  talked market hud forgot to mention  Westminster's. (Laughter). -Ten or  twelve years ago they oome over here  from New Westminster and celebrated  Labor Day Jointly with Vancouver.  They were theii Vancouver's equal, but  he was sorry to suy they were now  Vancouver's weaker. The speaker congratulated Vancouver for the great  strides lt had made ln labor organization, and hoped that It would co-operate with them to have next year's Labor Day celebration at New Westminster. (Applause.) Regarding rocks for  rockdrllllng contests, he said'he was  prepared to .put up a guarantee that  Westminster would furnish plenty of  rock, all sizes and dimensions, on the  ground. <Laughter). Mr. Hargreaves  concluded this interesting talk by reminding the celebration committee that  assistance must be forthcoming to de  fray advertising, music, etc. The council  Di-omlsed- this.    ,,  On motion Messrs. G. Hargreaves und  L. F. Williams were added to the celebration committee..  F. H. VANDERHOFF,  general organizer of the American Federation of Labor for Washington, of  Whatcom, Wash., gave a very neat but  Interesting address? He was gratified  with the great progress Vancouver had  made In the way of labor organization.  He hud hardly'cliought that the movement here was so far advanced. In the  State .of Washington the ground had  been thoroughly covered and the prospects for labor were bright. "Regardless of the position we may occupy In  life, the'great" question concerning us  all is the labor movement," said Mr.  Vunderhoof. We are living In un age  of organization���everything was organized. We have the trust, the manufacturers' association, the banks,- the  saloon and others too' numerous to  mention. To meet this state of things  federation was necessary, and labor  was recognizing this fact,- as witness  the great growth of the American Federation. "Education and discontent  were necessaiy to accomplish the work  of,' emancipation;" . said 'j tlie speaker.  He then dealt with" tho'manufacturers'  association,  and  concluded  by-saying  that from the enthusiasm displayed  t . ' i  ^   f    ..    . ,  tliere that evening .there will be something doing In Vancouver on Labor  Day. Air. Vanderhoof then i took his  seal'amid, applause. .;���    ' '- -  Chairman Dobbin reminded tlie delegates present that the success of the  Labor Day celebration depended on the  unions, and that they must see to' it  that the members turn out on that day.  C P. R. ilFLOYK  mm.  LABOR DAY.,  No day In the calendar is. a greater  fixture, one which Is more truly regarded as a real holiday, or one which is  so surely destined to endure for all  time, than the first Monday in September of each recurring year, Labor Lay.  With time, this day of tlie year is taking deeper hold In the respect and confidence of the people. It Is regarded as  the day for which-the toilers in,past  centuries looked forward, when their  rights and their wrongs might be discussed, placed upon a higher plane of  thought and feeling. This Is why the  local celebration committee have appointed a strong committee to arrange  among otlier things for a big mass  meeting to be held In the Market hall  on the evening of Labor Day.  The workers of our day may not only  luy down their tools of labor- for a  holiday, but, to . touch shoulders In  marching phalanx and feel stronger for  It. The marching tollers In the Labor  Duy-denionstriitlons-slgriallzc^mrmSr1"  tial glory, brutal domination, conquests  or war-like pomp. Thoy are in their  essence, the J manifestations of the  growing intelligence of the workers  who recognize that peace Is as essential to ��� successful" Industry and real  progress, as air Is to lung-breathing  animals. , The parade, committee .having all this in' mind" ?hus prepared for  the largest .and best turn-out evor held  In this province. It Is now'up' to the  respective unions as well as others to  do their duty, ond.get In Hue on Labor  Duy. A -'        ;     i '' X  Sports,arid games lire also as necessary tn make life worth the living as  anything else. "All work and no plaj  makes Jack u dull boy," reads.the old  saw. To tills end u grand'fleld day of  sports at Brockton Point has been decided upon. The musquerade carnival  and band concert In the evening will  be a gorgeous treat to all participating.  Remember Monday, Sept. 7, 1903. and  mike the day an historic event In this  province. Make Vancouver, .in common with twent ythouBand other cities  and hamlets in^the new world, the  scene of one of ^he greatest of celebrations, when greetings will be extended  to our guests, from Victoria, Nanalmo  and New "Westminster.  The C. P. R. employees' picnic at  Bowen Island on Monday was a great  success. The -weather wus line and  about 600 attended. At the grounds  dinner was served, after which the following programme was carried out:  Baseball match, won by Ironworkers;  prize, silver cup, donated by General Superintendent Marpole.  Apprentices' race, 100 yurd���lit, tools,  value JI.G0, won by O. Rowmah; 2nd, XV.  H. Elliott, tools, value, $1.  Girls' race, under 15, 73 yards���lst, goods,  value (2, won by Miss Coll; 2nd, value 70c,  Effle Mover.  Employees' wives, 50 yards���lit, goods  value J3.G0, won by Mrs. Yeandle; 2nd,  Mrs. J. Curran, goods value $3.  quarter-mile race, open���1st, goods,  value >3, won by J. Curran; 2nd, H. Mat-  tlson, goods, value 12.50.  Ladles' race, 50 yards, open���lst, goods,  value t3, won by Mrs. W. Yeandle: 2nd,  Miss Kllgar.v, goods, value $2.  Hop, step and Jump, running���1st, goods,  value J3, won by J. Curran; 2nd, H. Leslie, goods, value $2.50; distance. Sli feet 0  Inches.      ' _,.,  Broad Jump, running���1st, goods, value  t3, won by H." Leslie"; 2nd,' J. Chapman,  goods, value $2; distance, 13 feet, 10 inches.  High, Jump, running���lst, box of 'cigars,  C. Blackadder; 2nd, F.-^Howard, goods,  value 42. -    "  Threading uedle, for ladles and gentlemen���lst, butter dish and berry bowl, Mrs.  Hamilton; 2nd, Mrs. Blackadder, goods,  value sa.  I  aNH-drivIng contest, for married ladles  ���lst, goods, value % Mrs. C. Gordon; 2nd,  Mrs. G. XV. Isaacb, goods, value SS.  Nall-drlving contest, for man led ladle*  ���lst, h.xt,..value J7.50, Miss IS. Thomas;  2nd, Miss N. 'May, goods, value $2.  Wood-sawing contest, for ladles���1st,  goods, value $3, Mrs. Roberts; 2nd, Mrs.  Thomus, goods, value JI.  Boys' race, under 12, 30 yards���lst. goods,  value JI, J. Little; 2nd, T. P.irsons, goods,  value SOc.  Glrls'j race,.,,openr 30 yards���lst; silver  med'al,"-Mk>s j"5, Anthony; '2nd, Sadie Nation,  goods, value ?3.  Blindfolded race, backwards, open only  to ;C.iP.;R.,*'employees? 50 yard?���1st;  goods, value ?3, A. McFec; 2nd, J. Elliott,  groceries, value $2.  Sack: race, 60 yards, open only to C. P.  R. employees���lst, pair cuff link--, value  J3, Charles' Watson; 2nd. J. Hamilton,  goods, value $3.  Obstacle Race, for boys, 100 yards���1st.  goods, value J2.50, C. Fulcher; 2nd, Jack  Anderson, goods, value 50c.  100 yards race, open only to employees  of C.P.R. shops���lst, pair pants, value $3,  F. Yeandle: 2nd,* J. Elliott, manicure set.  Tug-of-war/ employees only���Box of cigars, won by the Trackmen.  Football   match (costume),   43 minutes'  play���Box of cigars, won by the Comicals.  OFFICIALS AND COMMITTEES.  The officials who so ably conducted tho  sports and presented the successful competitors were as follows:  Starters���F. Yeandle, J. Hamilton.  Judges���W. Witty, George Chapman.  Recorder���E. Mitchell.  The Committee deserves great credit for  the able ,wa>- In which it handled the  large crowd and tho success of the picnic  Is due to the untiring efforts of the following gentlemen:  Chairman-William Milly.  Printing and Collecting Committee���  George Skefflngton, Daniel O'Droycr, Arthur Thlrtle.  Dancing Committee���William Yeandle,  Ernest Marshallsay.  Sports Committee���Fred Yeandle. Eric  Mltchell,_fieorso_Chaiin!an,-James-Hamilton.  'Music Committee���Wm. Wallace, Robert Capstlck.  Refreshment Committee���Walter Fowler, George Downey, James Lloyd, Davli  Law.  Prof. H. T. Highfleld's oichestru furnished excellent-music, and thc dancing pavilion was kept full all afternoon.       ,t ,  The excursionists arrived home short?  ly after 10 o'clock In the evening, tired  but happy. The picnic wns without a  doubt one of thc most successful ever  held under the auspices nf the employees of the C. P. R.. and one long to be  remembered.  The committee wIhIi to extend thanks  to all their patrons and particularly to  those who so generously I'ontrlbutod to  the prize list.  HARM Wm\l\.  Among our latest exchanges Is No. 4,  vol. 1, of the Blulrmore (Alberta)  Times. It Is a four-page six-column  sheet, and bespeaks prosperity, being  well edited and lilled with advertisements. 'The editor Is Hnrry J. Muthe-  son. .We wish the new venture every  success. "  Labor organizations of Puget Sound  cities liave been invited to participate  In a big Labor Day demonstration at  Tacoma.  To the Editor oi Thk Indhi-khdhst:  The accompanying letter, from A'lctoria Trades nnd Labor Council, was  read at the regular meeting of the Laborers' Protective Union on Friday,  Aug. 7, 1903. The communication was  received and Hied and the secretary Instructed to Inform the Trades and Labor Council, through Its secretary, that  the Victoria Laborers' Protective Union  expresses Its full confidence in the  Trades and Labor Council as a representative body, and further, that a copy  of the communication be forwarded to  the Western clarion for publication.  Respectfully,  J. C MAPLETON, Sec.  Victoria, B. C, July 23, 1903.  Mr. J. C. Mapleton, Sec. Laborers' Protective Union, city.  Dear Sir,���It has been brought to the  notice of the Trades and Labor Council  that certain misleading and erroneous  reports respecting Its future policy are  being circulated, the said reports being  to the effect that the Council ls conti oiled by and manipulated In favor of the  Socialist Paity.  As party politics are prohibited by tlie  constitution of the Council, i,ueh reports  are liable to operate to the detriment  of its objects and efforts, namely, the  furthering of the Interests of organized  labor and workingmen ln general.  With a vley-of preventing a possible  weakening of the labor movement as  a consequence of the above mentioned  reports, the undersigned are authorized  by the Trades and Labor Council to  make the following statement to the affiliated unions:  The assertion that the Council is controlled by and manipulated In favor of  the Socialist Party is absolutely untrue.  The statement is obviously made with  the object of discrediting the Council as  a representative, central body. Before  the Council could Justly be charged with  helng, partizan, a resolution endorsing  some particular political party would  have to be pasBed. But any resolution  aiming at such endorsation would be  unconstitutional, and could not be put,  and as no such resolution hag at any  time been offered, it Is clear that the  reports referred to have no foundation  in fact.  So far as is known the only reason  given for the attempted dissention in  labor circles Is that at the semi-annual  election of officers on the Sth inst. a  member of the Council, known to be a  Socialist, was duly elected to the otilce  of President. The election, however,  was strictly orderly and fair. The fact  that the majority, of the oflicers are  known or considered to be in favor of  the Socialist Party in politics, was in  no way the result of Socialistic combination, aa strong efforts were made to  bring other candidates out, who for iea-  sons of their own, in many cases, refused to stand.  It cannot be considered anything but  unfair to condemn the Council as unworthy of the confidence and support of  organized labor simply because the President or some or any of tlie officers are  known to support a certain political  party. It ls safe to say that the otli-  cers_of���the-Council-have-In-thc -past  been men of principles more or less defined on public matters, yet their honesty and non-partisan attitude was never questioned on the ground that they  were known to favor either the Liberal  or Conservative party. It would seem  logical therefore that a member and officer of the Council, known to favor any  other political party should be accorded  the same courteous und unprejudlcial  support. Irrespective of his political  views, until by his conduct he proves  himself undeserving of the confidence  of his fellow members.  In view of the nbove we desire hereby  to nsk and most earnestly advise nil alllllated unions to continue to give their  confidence and support to the Council  in the future, us In the past, and to  bear in mind that In this .community  organized labor has no better or more  effective machinery, by which to carry  on its.work, and to further Its objects,  than the Trades and Labor Council.  Always loyal to the labor movement  and the progress of humanity, we remain,  Sincerely yours,  J. C. WATTERS. President.  CHRISTIAN SIVERTZ, Sec.  Codfish aristocracy does not obtain  to any great extent in British Columbia, but occasionally we And a person  afllllcted with the malady of desiring  to go Into champagne society when the  head of the house is only making a  lager beer salary. Living beyond the  means is one of the worst things people  can do, and invariably causes untold  misery to the people who do so. Living beyond the means soon ruins thc  credit. Ruined credit menns ruined socially and soon there Is no room among  the elite for the poor, foolish people  who spent their meager salary trying  tn hold Up their heads lu the champagne circle of society where ihey are  never' wanted.  CflAMKWS PROGRAM.  If there was more people on earth  with the backbone In their makeup to  say what they believe Is honest and  true, this would be a far better globe  to work on, trying to earn enough  money to pay one's honest debts, instead of hiding in a. hallway or playing  off sick, as many do, when the collector comes around.  There Is a clean cut definition among  trade unionists as to what constitute  "recognition," says Thomas 1. Kidd.  national secretary nl the Amalgamated  Woodworkers' union and one of the  vice-presidents of the American Federation of; Labor. Some large organizations, like the cigar makers, for Instance, make no agreement, but allow  the use of their union label to an employer ivh'i employs union men exclusively. That employer undoubtedly  "lecognlzes" the cigar makers' union  when he uses their label. In other organizations an employer who will meet  with a committe from a union and do  business with It is looked upon as "recognizing" the union. In still other  cases employeis "leeognlze" the union  by agreetlng to employ union men, pay  union wages and comply with union  condition!..  UAJTY OF LABOR.  In the June Issue of the American  Federationist we called attention to the  effort being made in Canada to divide  the labor movement of the Dominion  fiom that ot the United States and the  remainder of tlie continent. We pointed  out that a bill was pending In the Dominion parliament making it a criminal  offence for any officer or representative,  directly or indirectly, of the labor  movement of the United States to advocate in Canada an Increase of wage?,  shortening the hours of labor, or any-  other impiovement of the condition of  Canadian workmen; that the penalty  provided for tlieis heinous crime Is two  years' imprisonment. These efforts are  continued with unabated zeal. The influence of a number of large and unfair employers In Canada and the United States is urging the hostile press to  create prejudice against thetrade unionists of the United States. They do this  without declaring their opposition to  organized labor as such, but more  subtly urlng a division of the movement. Realizing that If the Canadian  workmen were isolated they would be  easier prey to hostile and greedy employers, the latter theiefore urge division on the grounds o.f "patriotism"  and protection from the "foreign agitators." as they designate the trade  unionists on this side of the line. There  urea-few' C'iinadian-workmen~Ignorantr  ly, and a few others corruptly, we have  reason t" believe, who are doing what  they can to aid the antagonistic employers in fosteiing this division. The  overwhelming majority of,the Canadian  trade unionists, howevei, are fully Impressed with tlie necessity for unity  and co-openitlon of the labor movement  of the Dominion and the United States;  but they have all sorts of opposing Influences to encounter, among which Is  the misrepresentation as to the amounts  contributed and received by thcm,( as  well as official positions occupied by the  men from both sides of the line. It ls  gratifying to find the stout-hearted and  Intelligent light which our Canadian  fellow-workers are making to maintain  the unity of the labor movement. They  recognize thut unity ls essential for the  Integrity and safety of the cause onw  and for the future. In this effort they  are entitled to and will receive the support of our fellow-workers everywhere.  We shall soon be In a position to demonstrate beyond question the exact  figures, so that the beneficial results  which come from affiliation and unity  can be clearly shown. ,No trade unionist "will hesitate to use every Influence  at his command to secure success and  unity and fraternity for the labor movement of the American continent.���  American Federatlontst.  To the Editor of Tm: Ikdm-knotnt:  Sir,���In your Issue of August lst you  have an article by Mr. Wiltshire upon  "Chamberlain's Programme," about  which I would like to say u few things'.  His statement of facts are in the main  correct with the following exceptions:  Free trade is not dead, as any one who  reads either tbe debates In the house  of commons, the English dailies or the  lesult* of recent bye-elections prove;  Chamberlain Is not the leader of the  conservative party; he has not declared  for protection; lt Is not true that England will ultimately come to a protective tariff; nations do not trade with  each other for economic or any other  reasons���all trade Is between Individuals; protection Is nol sound; protection will not give England something  to offer other nations, though it would  probably destroy her own trade; England is not the dumping ground for Industrial nations, but she levies tribute  lu the shape of lent and Interest for  loans, etc., on moat other countries;  the great American trusts do not menace England, though they do threaten  America; It is not necessary to get a  Job in order to get money; a privilege  Is more productive of money than a  Job; a corner lot in New York city or  even in Vancouver will pay thc owner  better than a dozen laborer's jobs;  there Is not too much wealth produced  in the United States or anywhere else;  it is not true that men want work instead of wealth; what men want is the  full pioduct of theh- labor; It is not  true that Balfour has committed himself to Chamberlain's break. With these  trifling exceptions the facts recited aie  sufficiently near the truth to escape  criticism, it would take up too much  space to criticize his deductions in detail, but the statement that there is too  much wealth and that a protective tariff by hindering production is beneficial  to the laborers who�� want jobs is cer- '  tainly a novel defence of protection. I  would suggest a better way of supplying not only work, but the wealth  necessary for maintaining those out of  work. Let them be organized Into  gangs of robbers, and systematically  take say 23 per cent, of the wealth  from the factories from the fanners,  the mine owners, the coal dealers, and  all other pioducers; in this way they  get employment and reduce the supply  of goods, If, as Mr. Wiltshire ��� says,  they are in superabundance. Arrangements might be made so that only the '  large produceis should be liable to this  tribute, and let the small ones escape.  This would, of course, be reversing the  tariff plan whicli robs the small producers and the consumers tor the benefit of the large concerns. A well organized pirate fleet might also be used '  as a substitute for a protective tariff,  it would tend to discourage international trade and would give employment to a large number of persons, and  in tliis way would help to prevent the  accumulation of too much wealth. If  this offends Mr. Wiltshire's idea of  morals, though there is no reason why-  it should,3 as, If anything, robbery by  Uie government on behalf of the  wealthy Is worse than robbery by the  poor for a living. What Is the_tnatter . _  "with u lUrge standing army and a .big  navy? These nre both great institutions for keeping down surplus wealth,  and then they, may be used In time of  need to keep down the people should  they think of upsetting the present system whereby those who own the earth  charge tlieir fellows for living on It,  and, as a result, can sail fast yachts  and travel In special trains across the *  continent while the workers have to  travel second-class or beat their way.  The real cause of the Chamberlain pro-  gi amine Is the desire to head off the-  taxing of land value ln England, to  which the liberal pnrty Is committed, , .,  for he well knows that If that Is onp^-, '  put Into force the. day of the landlord ���  and the exploiter of labor will soon be  over.   Yours truly,  '  ^.ALAN C. THOMPSON.  Toronto, Ont., Aug. I2."l903.  LABOR PARTV.  -FolIawlBff  are  the   candidate*   at  tke Vancouver labor partyi  FHASCIS WILLIAMS, Tallar.'  A. G. PERBT, MotOr^BBB.  J. HOWARDS, MaoiiaUt.  '  !l<?B  - t-i'l  ���l-  ��� Telephone l���s���6 for a Horn livery  turnout. J, J. SBmrrmtt, Patee* ?LlY��ry  Stables.  H  ���'V'f  I-AJ  Fresno unions liave "contributed over  $40 to the striking telephone operators-  ^SS'i^^^iSiS^P^igaBE  ���TO'^riifffMiTM?���Jte3Bte'B��**' ji '<���.��' i jiggggsg  .����T��Burtfre3gifflCTWMW'gyrtWg����^Vr!gg THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY ...AUGUST, 22, 1903  AZAX  |i"'  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED  WEEKLY  IN   THE  TERESTS OF THE MASSES  BY  IN-  -HE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  HASTINGS STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN ADVANCE.  A week, fi cents; month, 13 cents: three  months, 23 cents; six niontlis, GO.cents;  one year, $1.00.  ENDORSED UY THE  TRADES & LABOR COUNCIL OF VANCOUVER,  TRADES ,\; LABOR COUNCIL OF VICTORIA.  VANCOUVER   BUILDING   TRADES  COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be had  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SAT URDAY. t........AUGUST,  1903  .MEN* ARE NEEDED.  The News-Advertiser under a recent  date called attention to the importance  of nominating strong', clean men for  the legislature In British Columbia. The  'Tizer Is right. None but men of good  .standing and honesty of purpose should  be selected us the standard bearers of  the labor party,���or for thai mutter anj'  other���for the legislature. This is especially necessary in B. C., where the  Dunsmulr gang has held the roost so  long. Those who recollect the corrupt  tactics resorted to at former elections  will readily understand how very;  necessary it Is to have .incorruptible labor men in the legislature .this fall.  But why should this caution be necessary? It ought to be apparent to.every  member of.the labor party that the reputation of the party and its usefulness  depend7 upon the selection of good men  all the time. It Is a great mistake to  suppose, that It is ever wise to nominate men who are either Incompetent or  dishonest. The party suffers every  time one of its officials betrays a trust.  If the labor!tes everywhere would take  : an inteiest in politics, nominate their  best men and present the highest party-  ideals to the public the party would  'soon be irresistibly strong.  ':".; "Eternal7 vigilance is not only the  price of' liberty, but,It is the price of  party success," says Bryan.  imiiizing lliis paper which is worse  ilian a deliberate lie. 7 It quotes one  line from an lS-line paragraph, namely,  "Our present social system Is all right,"  and then proceeds to attack The Independent, und agrees wllh "Coim-id*"  Scon thai It "Is a receptlcle wh"io Its  riilloiKliiutlvc works ought to be contains only sawdust." We know that  this kind ol' dirty journalism Is indulg-  i-d In aiound about election time by.  lhe press of the old piu-lles, but believed that'the labor press would ��� lie  above such contemptible'tactics. Tin-  Voice fm-sooth Is getting "class conscious." nnd that Is the real reason underlying its sally. For In another column, undei' the departmental head "socialism." It refers 'tn our esteemed local  conieinpoi-iiry thusly: "For the iirst  time In the history of British Columbia  politics the socialist party has entered  Into u practical "'campaign.. There, will  be at least 11! clean-cut socialist candidates. In the field I'or electionVi.:TO  KEEP RELIABLY POSTED ynu  should read the Western Clarion, published at Vancouver. 'Ii..C. at 30 cents  per yeur." Our 'experience���and we  have hud Just as much as the Voice���  with politic-iil socialists and anarchists  demonstrates the fact that they love  the union just about as much as the  devil does holy water. This would-be  onslaught of the Voice is entirely in  keeping with the policy of the political  socialists all over the country, who  never lose an opportunity to take  cracks at union leaders and unioii papers, but "always flatter the rank and  file." We expect this kind of thing  from the capitalistic press, but hardly  from a paper of the reputation of the  Voice.  Organize a labor club in your ward  and get ready for the battle on Oct.  31st.   V:  Young Rockefeller says he prays for  light and .gets it. That's easier than  buying it by the gallon.  Premier  Seddon,  of    New    Zealand,  proposes to increase the tax on absentee's.   British Columbia should do llke-  ? wise.'   '--      A  Temporary defeat in a .tight fm- the  right: is preferable to a hollow victory  on: a  meaningless    and    impracticable  '���platform.'?  ' "Turn the rascals out" is a pretty  good .campaign slogan, but you must  not become so degenerated us to elect  another set -ol. rascals to take their  places, ,  .Hereafter trust promoters will have a  little more explaining to do than In the  past" few years. People are again returning to the good old belief that  ? money can't be coined from wind.  Joseph Chamberlain Is slowly coming  to a realization of the fact that he has  =an=up-hllU: jobj)L it-trying _to_eonvlnce  the British consumer that the foreigner  pays the tax.  The Winnipeg Voice of late, In the  absence of Editor A. Putts:\ M. "., at  Ottawa, Is becoming degenerated so  far as its editorial utterances are concerned. With the venom of a sneaking  socialist���we say sneaking advisedly���  it displays the, fangs of a serpent by  maliciously printing half n truth stig-  STRENGTHEN THE UNION.  There is a world of meaning in these  words,if union men.will but see it. The  'big union with its numerical strength  and Its well tilled treasury as well as  the little union wliich does not yet7 represent more than a small percentage  of a craft are alike interested. The in  terests of the organization must be  looked after at every point, for upon  its strength depends the well being of  its members. There are many ways in  which a union can be strengthened, but  there is only one way to set about it  and that is to get every member thor  oughly interested in the success of his  organization. He must realize that his  personal Interest is to be served by the  unioii andtjthat by making it as strong  as possible that interest will be best  served. Hence perfect organization is  the first point to be gained. Every  member should at all times be ready-  to preach unionism and its good effects  to the non-union man. Nothing will  be lost by it and much may be gained.  Another way to gain strength is for  every member to take an Interest ln  the business affairs of his union. The  man who stays away from the meetings  when he ought to be there helping to  mold the policy of the organization is  detracting from its strength and injuring himsolf. Attendance at meetings is  therefore another point.  The most important point perhaps is  unity of action in abiding by decisions  of the union. "Be sure you are right  and then go ahead" is a policy that  every trade union should adhere to.  Carefully consider every phase of a  question in the unioii first. There may  be differences of opinion, but the whole  thing should be thrashed out on the  floor before action is taken. Once a  thing is decided upon, the membership  should stand by its action through  thick und thin. Results will come in  a most favorable way, and the union  will become a tower of strength for the  workers in its jurisdiction.���Los Angeles Labor News.  ���We are selling  Boots and Shoes at  Hard Time .Prices.  Every pair reduced.  Ladles' First-Class  Kid and Boxed Calf  ln Buttoned and  Laced.  We guarantee our   shoes.   Must   be  sold to make room for our new stock.  GEO. E. JAMES,  13 Hastings Street E.       Vancouver  Vancouver Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AND  Labor Council meets first and third  Thursday In each month, at 7.30 p.m.  President. W. J. Ijitnrlck; vice-president,  Geo. Dobbin; secretary, F. J. Russell; financial secretary, J. L. Lilley; treasurer,  A. N. Harrington; sergeant-at-arms, J. C.Kerr; statistician, J. 11. Perkins; trustees, Messrs. Pound, Cross and Thompson: executive committee, Messrs. George  and Gothard.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. M.���Meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  in. in Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, "F. 'Hull; vice-president, J. Unklat-  er; secietuiy, J..I'. Lnwson; treasurer, A.  G. Delghton; conductor,. J..'Ritchie;' warden, James Klrknoss. .  SHIRT WAIST AAD LAUNDRY  WORKERS' UNION, No. 105.���Meets  every 2nd and 4th Thursday in each  niontli in Union hull. President C. N.  Lee; viccrpresldent. M.Whitmore; corresponding secretary, W. Sharp; financial  secretary,-XV. Young: trensurer. Miss Lo-  niie: delegate to Trades and Labor Council, C. N. Lee, Geo. Rowlands, W. Lald-  luw, -R. Coltart.  WAITERS AND WAITRESSES' UNION  .Local No. 28. President. Charles Over;  viee-|iiesident, A. N. ilerriiigton:. seer*  luiy-lreusurer, .!. H. Perkins; recording  secretary. Miss-A. Scuitto; Press agent.  W. Ellender. Meeting every second Fri  day evening at 8.30 o'clock in Union  Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmuir street*  JOURNEYMAN TAILORS' UNION OF  America. No. ITS.���Meets 1st and'3rd  Mondays in room No. 1, Union Hall. President, C. If. Whnlcn; vlcc-prcsldenf,' H.  O. Bunitt; secretary, F. Williams. ISH  Seventh avenue, west; secretary-treasurer. J. Savage: sergeant-at-arms. - Mr.  Lavllette; delegates to Trades aad Labor  Council, Messrs. Whnlcn. Williams and  Lavllette;'  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS', ; INTERNATIONAL Union, No. 120-Presi-  dent, E. Harpur; vice-president, j. Gil-  man: corresponding-financial secretary,  J. A. Stewart, 442 Hastings St. E.: recorder, W. L. Aylesworth; treasurer,  G. Bower; guide, W. Bushman; guard-  Ian. O. E. Jacques; delegates to T. & L.  Council, E. Harpur and J. A. Dlbden.  Meets first and third Wednesdays mt  each month ln Union Hall.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS AND JOINERS ��� Meets  every second and fourth Wednesday in  Union hall, room 2. President, George  Adams; vice-president, J. P. Dubberley;  recording secretary, U. Chaplin, 2(11 Princess street; financial secretary, E. J.  Moore: treasurer. L. C. De Wolfe; conductor, James F. Gray; warden, J. G.  Tlngley; delegates to T. and L. Council,  Geo. Dobbin, George Adams, A. E. Coffin, L. C. De Wolfe and Murray; delegates to the Building Trades Council  Messrs. McMurdo and Murray; alternates, McLaren and Walker.  ;     GREATS  AMALGAMATION  SALE ,  Going on now.  Take Advantage of this  Extraordinary Opportunity to Buy  and to Save  Drysdalc, Stevenson, ^  Cordova St. Store.  +9 .. a �������..,..����������..���������..������..����,.��������++  Patronize the  Blue Label  BRANDS"  B. C-  igar Factory  Ci1  NEW WESTMINSTER.  PHONE I220A.  TEAM DRIVERS' INTERNATIONAL  UNION, No. 409���Meets first and third  Wednesday ir. each month In Union hall.  President, Geo. Dunlop; vice-president, S.  Cawker; secretary-treasurer, 11. Mclvcr:  recording secretary, A. E. Soper, *��:!!)  Hornby street; warden, C. li. Illgglnson;  conductor, T. E. Rugbcc: trustees, C. B.  Illgglnson, R. Hoy wood, A. Robinson;  delegates to Trades and Labor Council,  A. E. Soper, Geo. Dunlop, C. B. Hlggln-  son. J.  J. Harrison, J. C. Kerr.  RIGS AND SADDLE HORSES-Always on hand at Hotel North Vancouver.  When you want Shoes made  to order or repaired  "GO TO"  Thos 0 Mills. 400 Ciiiiihic  nanus v. iymia,0  CourtHoU8  + + 0 + + 0++ + ++ + 0'00 + + +0000 + + + + + + + + + + + +  O  O  O  n  o  n  o  il  n  <>  n  n  n  ���������*���������     Tbe Jeweler and  Diamond  Merchant   . \\  ���f'   7    '" ; '.'?;','VCOR. OBANVILLC AND HASTINGS STREETS. ���  T     Official Witch Inspector of tbe C. P. Ut. T  + +H&+++++++0000000 0009000+900++++++  Trorey's Big  Alteration Sale  7.?:'?:? ??.?...'N����'. Going On.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OP BLAOK  SMITHS, Vancouver Union, No. 161.���  Meets the first and third Monday ln each  month at 8 p. m., In Union hall, Homer  street. President, A. A. Bigg, vice-president, G. W. Smart; tlnanclal secrotary,  Chas. McAllister; recording secretary, D.  Robinson, box 37, Vancouver', B. C; delegates to the Trades and Labor council  William Latham, D. Robinson, H. How  ard.  BUILDERS' LABORERS' FEDERAL  UNION. No 32. Vancouver.-Meets every other Tuesday evening, at 8 o'clock,  In the large room, Union Hall. President,  J. Sully; vice-president, XV. Lyons; secretary, II. Sellers, Western Hotel; treasurer,  J. Cosgrove; warden, H. Chapman: conductor, J. Gunderson; delegates to Trades  & Labor Council, J. Sully, G. Payne, J.  Cosgrove and H. Sellers; delegates to  Building Trades Council, J. Sully and J.  Cosgrove.  Dbxod & Lyte  Carpenters & Joiners  534-540 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of work In this line promptly attended to.  VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226, meets the 4th Monday ln  each month at Union Hall. President,  W. J. MacKay; vice-president, S. J. Gothard; secretary, W. H. Hunt, P. O, Box GO;  treasurer. John Watkins; sergcant-at-  urms, James Webster; executive committee, Ralph Wilson, A. XV. Flnbow, N.  Cleland and P. Kcllas: delegates to  Trades and Labor Council, Robert Todd,  George Bartley, Geo. Wilby.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday nf  each month In Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings  Street, at 8 p.m. President, James McGuigan; vice-president, A. G. Elliott; recording secretary, A. G. Perry, 33 Seventh avenue, Mount Pleasant: financial  secretary, Ed. Cozens; conductor, J. Badger: warden, A. J. Wilson; sentinel, A. M.  Harris: delegates to Trades and Labor  Council, f McGuigan, A. J. Wilson, R  I3i-'"!t, C. Bennett, F. C. O'Brien.  Cost Sale  For Ten Days  Millinery, Blouses, Skirts,  Dress Goods, Swiss Muslins,  White Cottons. Prints, Ging-  hiiins. Flaneletts, Tablings.  Lace Curtains.    ���  Other goods too numerous  to mention.  W. W. MERKLEY  307 WESTMINSTER AVENUE.  Columbia  Hotel  ��� 7S-CORDOVA- STREET.-   i  Under new management. Dining  Room Unsurpassed. Everything Newly Renovated. RATES���$1 a Day, Special Rate by the Week. Louis Adams  and James Guthrie, Proprietors.  Men's fine Suits  We have had the reputation for the past 13 yeara of supplying the most  reliable clothing produced on this continent. Every year-brings improvement. This season we think we havee xeelled ourselves In the handsome and  exclusive patterns we have Been able to procure. They came In beautiful  dark, and grey ground with?''stripes and mixed designs. In fine English,  Irish and Scotch���'worsteds, serges arid tweed.   These suits are  Perfectly Tailored  Cut and designed by the leading artists In their profession lh Canada.' Our  guarantee Is behind every garment. The prices, when quality and worknian-  Milji arc considered, are extremely low.  $13.00 to $23.00 per Suit.,    '       ' ,'   '  -i. \       ��;  Trousers $3.50 tb $6.00.*,._ j        -��� '.-   '���      I,  CLUBB   ��v  STEWART,  Telephone 702.  ' 309 to 315 Hastings St. W  i 1++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ + +++++  WHAT'S THE USE      {.  ot hurrying about buying Lite Insurance bo many,men think and My. At T  lenst two strong reasons are: Good health Is uncertain; Increased coit ii 7  certain., What's the uso 0( waiting might bettor bo said/ ?  UNION MUTUAL   POLICIES ' ���  mny be depended upon tu protoct throughout the varying experience* of 4  human life, to faithfully guard tho interests , of the iUBUrod, and to be |  promptly cashed when thoy become payable. Values aai privilege!! abound Am  and   are   conveniently   available.  Detailed facte gladly furnished.  After threo years tha Union Mutual Policies do not become void by failure  to pay premiums, the Main Non-Forfeiture Uw without action ef the  Policy-holder, continuing the Insuranco for a Speciflod length of time.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  Incorporated 1848.  ;; PORTLAND, MAINE.  11 Call or write (or particulars and planB  ��- Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  n J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  ��    COLIN  CAMERON, Special  Agent.  + + + + + + + 0000000 + 00 ++00 + 0+ + + +++ + + + +���*{  Commercial  CORNER HASTINGS AND CAMBIE  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  New, modern and strictly flrsKdass;  good sample roomi; free 'bus. Week  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. m., lunch  13 m. to 3 p. m., dinner, 6 to 8 p. m.  Smndays���Breakfast 7:30 to 10:30 a.  m., lunch 13:30 to 3 p. m., dinner, 5:80  to 7:80 p. m. Rates fa and upwards  per day. HAYWOOD * PRESCOTT,  Proprietors.  Tbe DocigaH House  810-312 ABBOTT STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Restaurant and Bar. Brcakfaet 6 to  10, merchant*' lunch 11 to 2, 35c; dinner 5 to 8, 25c; lunches put up; eastern and Olympian oysters; short orders a specialty at all hours;  meal tickets ?4; best 35c. meal In the  city.     T>. BURTON, Proprietor.  The"  ���  819 SEYMOUR  IIS:  STREET,  VER.  VANCOU-  Having the only up-to-date grill room  ���n.British Columbia, which in itself is a  guarantee of a first-class hotel and restaurant. Business Man's LUNCH, from  13 m. to 3:80 p. ni., only 35 cents.  Meeting.  P. O. B.���VANCOUVER AHRIE, No. 8,  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren welcome. - Bert Parsons, W  P.: J. G. Ure, W. B., Arcade,  THERE IS  of Fire or Injurv  Health when you usr  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cot. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  CORNER   CORDOVA   AND   CARRALL  STREETS,  VANCOUVER.  c  Makes a specialty of Dewar's special  liqueur, also Usher's black label liqueur  whiskey. ��� Large stock- of imported and  domestic cigars. Finest billiard and  pool tables. R.     B.    MULLIGAN A  CO.,  Proprietors.     .  gaeaeeoeoeooeeeoocooooeoo  DELICIOUS WONE  Made Exclusively from B. c. Fbdit.    '  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets ln O'iBrlen's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of each mouth. J. A.  Murray, president; W. J. Lamrick, secretary, 218 PrlncesB street.'  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  Machinists, Beaver Lodge, No. 182.���  Meets second and fourth Wednesdays in  each month ln tho Lesser O'Brien Hall,  President, Geo. P. Downey; past president. J. R. Edwards; vice-president, H. 3.  Littler; recording secretary, J. H. McVety; financial secretary, J. Anderson.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF  Electrical Workers. Vancouver Local,  No. 213���Meets second and fourth Wednesday In each month In O'Brien's Hall. President, A. McDonald; vice-president J  Dubberley; recording secretary, B.'w.  Huston; financial secretary, H, V. Baa-  "dn.' ���       .  CIGARETTES  We, tlm undersigned, bundle tliu  only UNION MADE CIGARETTES  made in Canada. KAKNAC, V. C.  nndT.&Ji.  S. HARCUS.  C. FORSBURG.  CHAS. PECK.  D. M'DONALD.  R. L. RICE.  XV. A. CALLAGHAN.'  CHAS. M'DONOUGH.  W.J. McMillan & Co.  Wholesale Agents for B. C,  Corner Ale-render St. uud Colunibla Are-  Vftucou   '   B. C.  P. 0. BOX, 2%. PHONE, 179,  ���������������������������������������  |-:���GEO.HAY- :|  ���     Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes     A  ���      Renovator, makes a eult new.       J  a Dyeing and Repairing. X  a 216 Cambie 8t:, Vanoouvib. X  ���������������������������������������  FRESH CUT FLOWERS.   UNION-MAOE  . DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When    a trip around the  Par?k call od  i  W.'D. Jones n-iXur  O98O9O0Q0C  XixxBJKCfiFi^i  \  PACIFIC  LINE  TAKE THE  imperial  Maimer  >eer  Pacific Bottling  Works  Importers and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENT?8.  PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC IN 90 HOURS.  STEAMSHIPS TO CHINAI AND JAPAN:  ATHENIAN .. ..' Junea��TIt  EMPRESS OP CHINA July ��TH  EMPRESS OF INDIA July *47TH  STEAMSHIPS TO HONOLULU, FIJI ISLAND AND AUSTRALIA.  SS.ijt MOANA JuneSOTH  SS. MIOWERA JulyS4T.lI  SS. AORANGI Aug. 2.1 ST  For full particulars. as to time, rates,  etc., apply to  E. J. COYLE, JAS. SCLATER,   .  A. G. P. A., Ticket Agent,  "Vancouver, B. C.  428 Hastings St.,  Vancouver, B. C  H 3  m  \\i  V  'I  I jTi<  R.  SATURDAY AUGUST,  1903  THE INDEPENDENT.  J?  (?������  fa  IW*  K'  ��  ll  i  I  $  Bf  SWE~^> " 9  f Recommend 1  Our    Independent  i-ft  patrons to&  patronize the RED CROSS��  DRUG STORE, the Popular Pre-8  scrlptlon Pharmacy. They belong*  to no Druggist Combine. ���  Stewart's Pink Tonic Pills, 50c,��  ���  now  35c.  .Suraaparllla, big bot  tic, $1, now 75c....Gibson's Celery^  Nervlnt, big bottle $1, now I0C....9  Bring your prescriptions. Eng-��  llsh and German chemists In at-*  tendance.. ..Mall orders receive*  prompt attention.. ..SEND USi  J   AN ORDER. J  ���ft  ��� 9  ,9  .9  CLARENCE   HOTEL.  (Under new management.)  JAS. W. MASSBY, Proprietor.  Corner  Pender   and   Seymour Sts.  One blbck from Post Office.   First-class  dining room and bar; white help only.  Best English ales and porter In town.  Rates, J1.00 per day.  LABOR MANIFESTO.  ______ CITY HOTEL  R. ASBEOK, Proprietor.  49 Powell' Street, -VANCOUVER, B. C.  Terms J1.00 per day.  terns from Victoria  By Our Own Correspondent.  MONEY.  .Money, oh money, thy praise I'll sing,  For thou art my Savior, my God and  my king.    i        -*  ��� 'Tis tor thee th'at. 1  preach,   and 'for  > thee that I pray, -' '���!   "-    ���'    '..-  .And make a collection twice each Sab-  ' bath day.  . I  have poor In  my  parish,   who   need  some relief.  I  preach  to.their, poverty,  1  pray   for  '.ithelr'grief,''   "'���"      ������   J     " '���'"  I'send my box round to them morning  and,night.  With   a' hint    to   remember    the   pom-  widow's mite.  l.have a carriage and horses and ser-  .r    vants and all:      ' [ -     ,"    .������-  I'm not going to foov it like Peter.and  *'���"     Paul. "    ..*.      ', ,  .Neither like John, live on  locusts and  \      honey,  r.So out with your purses and down with  your money.  ��� Fools sometimes ask,  whnt  I do with  , -    the money.  ���They may��� just ,as.,wcl) ask.-what bees  '   ' do with honey, w  -1 answer them all with 11 wink and a  1 '   1 -'    <i    ?-     ,  nod,      *-     ���  Keep three-thirds for myself and give  :.    praises to God.   -c     "'"       ,      1  ���Iii,the old church yard 1 may soon be  ���.   laid low;  Place  a .box on  my   grave    that my  �����   friends may all know,        '''  ���That my  friends may see when  they  . come for reflection, .  ���That I can't rest In peace without a  collection.'  My pay may be hundreds or thousands  ;    a year; ���    ���  Double lt, treble It, still I am near  With  my  box and my bag collecting  your brass;  ���Yet I can't do as'Jesus did, rldeon nn  ass.    >, -;  i ���' >   , ,     .' ��� ;'  In  the cold, silent tomb,  I may soon  '���    be laid low, '.-���'���"    ' '  ���To sleep with the blest that went long  ���'    ago.      '���'���'--'���     -  ���I shall slumber In peace till the great  ���   ' resurrection,  -When I'll be first on my. legs to start  up a collection.'1  VV- ."���*'      ���.'���>'.    '-"  :'' -VA Local'.Poet.  Victoria,"-'!:*; C.',,Aug."20, 1303."   -":   .  ed to, by the liberal party. Conservatives havo offered no objections. The  liberals claim this n.s evidence of tlieir  intrepidy.    Wait until election day.  The Trades' nnd Labor Council have  arranged for an excursion to Vancouver on Labor Dny, leaving at 7 a. m.  and arriving at Vnncouvei- about noon.  The Indications are that about 1,000  people may-be expected. ���' The Princess  May, engaged for the occasion, will  leave Vancouver on the return trip'at  6 o'clock p. 111. Those desiring to re-  iniilii over for the carnival nt the park  In the evening,, may take the regular  ferry ��� next, tiny by paying no cents  extra.  Labor, so far ns putting a ticket in  ���lhe field, is dead.  V  None so far have accused'the socialists  of  stuffing.    The,   socialists,  will  .'.    t      W ��� 1   1 '.  "   ->  ���probably  nominate  one   candidate  for  ��� the coming elections; ���  A meeting of tenmsters wns - held  Wednesday  night    at   Labor  ,hnll.  nt  -which a strong organizing committee  was fornied, and another-meeting ar-  ranged for Thursday, the 27th, when a  .strong organization is expected to' be  consummated.  Polities "are' still hidden under the  bushel In Victoria. None of tho contestants appear In a hurry to nominate.  ���This hesitancy may be attributed!to  ���the thin-skinned class of. candidates  thnt contemplate running. They do  ���not cnre about exposing their hides to  ��� criticism for a. longer period than two  weeks. Many of the denizens of the  "dead line" of Seattle have been'object-  ft��ft9ft9ft9ft9ftt>ft9ft9ft9ft999  9  ft  9  ���ft  9  9  ft  9  9  9  -9  9  ft  .9  9  ft  9  ���9  9  9  9  9  ���9  9  ���ft  9  9  9  A  THE BEST STORES IN  ������-���'���Bi CrHANDtE-'^  <*' > ij  1-1$  J        1  V   "7  Overalls  BECAUSE  They are the best obtainable am  and give the best satisfaction 3  to their customers.   Try' them, ft  9  -THE���  ��� O  ���  (LIMITED.)  The oldest Union  Overall  Factory In the West.   .  -1    -  MAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPEG, MAN.  POLITICAL ACTION NECES-'-  SARY.  The     secretary    of    the      Dominion  Trades nnd Lnbor Congress of Canada,  in issuing n call to lnbor organizations  throughout the dominion ;t6\send'.dele-  gutes to the nineteenth session of the  congress, * which .*��� will ��� be   convened ��� in  Brockville,   Ontario,  sounds a, note of  warning,that  will-;.be  well '"for ,labor  unions to heed.   He says the past session of'the dominion  parliament witnessed the introduction of legislation of  the  most oppressive ' character,  aimed  at organized labor, and quotes bills H.  S., the Chinese Exclusion act, the 'Conciliation   bill,   the  Railwny  Appliances  act, as well as numerous acts of' pro-  vlncinl   legislatures,   all  of   which   are  highly Injurious to organized labor anil  threaten .Its very .'existence.    There Is  no secrecy in the fact that the employing elnsses have united In active antagonism to organized labor and Intend to  destroy it If possible.    They   publicly  announce their intention and the methods tliey'intend  pursuing ' In    accomplishing their aims.   They Intend introducing, business   into, politics   nnd   inducing   tlie   workingman   to   manufacture^! legislative club?that,will destroy  himself and his only 'insurance���the lnbor union.    You  hnve in  Vancouver a  healthy  brunch  of? the  Manufacturers'  association; we' are similarly cursed In  Victoria/' In looking up the roll of the  .Victoria   branch   It; Is  found   that   the  members-are abo(it--ec|Unlly divided between   the  dominant   political   parties,  'and it Is presumed that the same condition  exists  in ' Vancouver.    We are  now in the throes of a provincial political ^campaign, and  dominion elections  are not fnr.off.   Orga'nized'labor In Victoria nt least is split up, and lined up  with the element of I til own destruction,  for it matters not which ot the political  parties win, Organized labor will be at  the mercy of the employing classes.   It  must-be,evident to every unionist who  has-given a.'llttle consideration, to.ex-  f, .'      1 .,  ' -��� .   .    .... :   ���   '  isting conditions  In   the  field of labor  that It is only through legislation thnt  the employing classes have so far conquered labor organizations.   The work-  The following manifesto has been Is  sued by the Labor candidate:  TO TIIE ELECTORS OF VANCOUVER  Gentlemen,���in appealing to you for  support In the forthcoming general Provincial election, the Vancouver Labor  Party begs to make the following statement of Ils principles and policy:  I'or many ye.irs we have felt the wunt  of a definite Labor Party in the House,  whose specific duty should be to Introduce  and support measures for the amelioration of the condition of tho worker*.  Hitherto, the workers, ns such, havo not  been represented In tlther the Provincial or Dominion Houses. Our legislators, while always elected by the vote ot  the working classes, have always been  chosen from the rniiks of ihe lawyers (tho  piofesslonul class), landowners, leisure  class, or Inrge manufacturers (direct exploiters of labor), but never from tho  ranks of the workers themselves. Therefore, and'almost of necessity, our laws  have been made In the interest of the  moneyed and luxurious classes and those  who derive their Incomes from them, viz.,  the professionals.  As long as this condition of affairs remains, we who from lime Immemorial  have been called the working class cannot expect to have more than the. merest fragment of justice accorded to us by  legislative enactments.  In lieu of legislation In our behalf, wc  have to appeal to ,the "strike" because  wc have no other weapon to fight with.  We realise lhat the "slrike" Is clumsy,  uncertain and always more or less disagreeable and annoying to tlle country.  The Vancouver Labor Party, therefore,  puts itself on record n.s being in favor  of legislative enactments to relieve the  working class from the unjust conditions  which now burden them. Ninety per  cent, of the population of British Columbia have no direct voice In making or  putting In force the laws of thc Province.  This ought not to be. .That the trend of  the workers' movement Is in the direction of direct representation in Parliament by the workers themselves is evi'  denced by the fact that a number of  working men have seats in thc Imperial  Parliament; that Mr. Puttee has been  elected on this issue to the Dominion  House, and Mr. Hawthornthwaite to the  Provincial Assembly. ,  Working men of Vancouver, be true to  yourselves and vote  for the Vancouver  Labor Party on October 31st, 1303.  (Signed)       F. WILLIAMS, Tailor,  A. G. PERRY, Motorman.  J. EDWARDS, Machinist.  LABOR COJVGRESS.  Convention Will Aimemlile on Sept.  SUnd Xeit lit Iirockville, Oui.  The seoretary of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, P. M.-Draper,  sends out the annual call for the nineteenth session of the Dominion Trades  and Labor Congress, which will convene in Victoria hall, in Biockvllle,  Ontario, on Tuesday, September 2:',  l'J03. at 10 o'clock a. m��� and all trades  and labor councils and federal labor  unions (chartered by the congress), national trade unions and International  local trade and labor unions in the Dominion of Caada are invited to send representatives.  The basis of representation shall bens follows: International local trade  unions and federal unions shall be allowed one delegate tor each one hundred members or under, and one for  each additional one hundred or majority fraction thereof; trade and labor  councils and national trade unions,  thre delegates each. Two or more trade  unions, whose aggregate membership  does not exceed one hundred nnd fifty,  may unite to send one delegate. No  proxy representative will be allowed,  and all members must be members of  the body they represent (except in the  case of Dodles composed of delegntes  from local-organizations), at least six  months prior to and at the time of election, but nothing in this clause shall be  construed to prevent unions from combining to send one represelalive who is  a. member of one of audi unions; ulso  provided that nothing ln this clause  shall prevent organizations being represented not six months oiganized.  All delegates will be required to produce eertlflentes of election (blnnk  tonus of which nre herewith forward-  Our Victoria Advertisers.  The advertising pages of The Inde pendent will reveal to trades unionists  in Victoria the tradesmen who arc in practical touch with them, and they  will naturally govern themselves acco rdlngly In making purchases.  Victoria Union Directory.  VICTORIA LABORERS' PROTECTIVE  Union, Federal No. 2.���Meets first and  third Friday in Labor Hall, room 4.  President, A. Johonson; vice-president,  T. Cox: secretary, J. C. Mapleton; treasurer, J. Goldstraw; warden, A. Harris;  conductor, J. McConnel: delegates to  Trades and Labor Council, A. Johonson,  T. Cox, Lee O. Charlton. Wm. McKay  and 3. C. Mapleton.  THE QUEEN'S HOTEL  J. M.  HUGHES, PROPRIETOR,  Corner of Johnson and Store Streets,  Centrally located and all conveniences. Terms JI per day and upwards.  Free Bus. Telephone.  ...J. T. J0NE5...  Empire Cigar Store  Free Reading Room  and Headquarters  of the Laborers'  Protective  Unioii.   '  105 Douglns .Street, Opposite Labor Hall  VICTORIA, li'.C.  HI GOVERNMENT'STREET.  Men's and Boy's Clothing, Boots anfl  Shoes.   Union Store.   Union Clerks.  tsr Lowest-priced ('"outfitters in ibe  City of Victoria.   Give us a call.  A. F.   OF L.  PLATFORM.  .   Compulsory  education.  :.   Direct legislation through the initiative and referendum.  3.' A legal work day of not more  than eight liours.   ���  4. Sanitary Inspection of workshop,  mine and home.  5. Liability of employers for injury  to health and body and life.  0. The abolition of the contract system on all public works.  7. The abolition of the -sweathsop  system.  8. The municipal ownership of the  street cars, water works nnd gas and  electric light plants for public distribution of light, heat and power.  0. The nationalization of ��� telegraph  telephone,   railroads  and  mines.  10. The abolition of the monopoly  system of land holding and substituting therefore a title of occupancy and  use only.  11. Repeal  of conspiracy   and   penal  laws affecting seamen and other work  men  incorporated  in  the  federal laws  of the United States.  12. Tho abolition of the monopoly  privilege of issuing money and substituting therefor a system of direct Issuance to and by the people.  ,9ft9ft9ft9ft9&��ft?ft9ft9ft9ft9ft  Ingmen, who are in the great majority,  must know that it is by tliem and them  alone that legislators who are opposed  to. their Interests are installed ln olllce.  The workingmen in'ust know that without'their" sanction at the polls no-political freebooter or lnbor union assas-  Iri "could^ be 'installed '��� In-power. "��� The  workingmen must know that leglsla-  tlnn has placed them between his sti-  tnnlc majesty and the deep, blue sea,'  so to sny, and that It can only be  through legislation that they can ever  hope or expect to achieve that end for  which they organized, namely, the  benellt of the working masses. Thla  being the case, what Is the use of labor organizations sacrificing their time,'  money, energy nnd peace of mind in  trying to benellt their conditions on the  economic field by electing men who are  opposed to their interests and then crer,  ating lobbies to beg these same men  to do something for them. It organized,  labor in Canada had,taken the bull by.  the horns** and elected" representatives  from, their ow/i ranks, .which J-at-.all  tlmes'tfaeyi are able.to do,'this'question  aboul the union label would be fixed,  long ago.1 The' Dominion Trades Con^  ���gress have' an excellent-political platj  form of principles. Why not send forth;  the edict to use It? Vancouver is doing  so^W w^f'^,sli*Mmviuck'."*'>'v''iS- ^'"^  I'm  a  stalwart  union   member;  I'm a party serving scab.  ���J.  P. LAWSON. '  Van Anda, B. C.  '     SOCIALIST CANDIDATES.'  MvHHm.  T. OGLE and A.  II.  STEB-  1IIIVS nre the candidate* of thc ho-  clnllHt   party   of  Vancouver   ln  the  forthcoming jirovlncial election*.  RACING   DATES.  Following are the dates sut by the  North Pacific Fair Association for the  horse races for 1903:  FALL MEETINGS.  Seattle, WhsIi Aug. 1 to 29  Whatcom, Wash Aug. 81 to Sopt. 5  Everett, Wash Sept. 7 to 12  Snlcni.Ore Sopt. 14 to 19  Portland, Ore Sept 21 to 26  North Yiiklmn, Wash Sept. 28 to Oct. 2  Spokane, Wash Oct. 5 to 18  Bolie, Idaho Oct. 12 to 17  Walla Walla, Wnsh Oct. 19 to 24  Lcwislon, Idaho Oct. 2il to 31  The DiUIob, Ore Sept. 28 lo Oct. 3  La Grande, Ore Oct. 6 to 10  Now Westminster, Ii. C Sept. 29 to Oct. 2  Vancouver, B.C...' Sept. 7 and Oct. 3 to  Victoria, B..C Oct. 6 to 10  Hotel North Vancouver, llnest summer resort on the coast. Overlooking  Burrard Inlet.   Rates moderate.  Itill  ed), signed by the presiding ollicer and  secretary of the organization they re  present and bearing the seal ol the  same, where such exists. Where two or  more organizations have united to send  a delegate, the credential must bear  the signatures of the presiding officer  and secretary of such organizations,  and seals of the same where such exist.  ,Notice of election of delegates, to-  ether with their names and addresses,  nd the number of members ln the organization they represent, must be forwarded to the secretary of the Congress  on or before Monday, September 14,  1003.  Railway certificates are procurable  from any railway ticket agent and will  entitle the holder to a return fare and  one-third the regular rate, provided  fifty delegates hold certificates, or fare  and two-thirds ifcunder fifty. Certificates must be signed by the secretary  of, the congress at Brockville, Ont.  The headquarters of the delegates  attending the convention will be at the  St. Lawrence hall, where a special rate  of $1.50 per day has been arranged for  by the Brockville Trade and Labor  council. The following hotels are also  recommended (rate not specified): Revere House, Strathcona and Grand Central.  Labor Legislation in the Dominion  Parliament.  Among other  things    the    secretary  goes on to say:  ��� Tlie past session of the Dominion parliament witnessed the introduction of  legislation of the most oppressive character, aimed at organized labor. The  two following bills threaten the very-  existence of trade unionism, and, no  matter at whose instance they were  Introduced, the intent is plain, namely,  to administer a quietus to the legitimate  aims and'eft'ors of organized labor: Bill  H.���"An act to amend the criminal  code lespectlng offences connected with  trade and breaches of contract."  ���The objeet-of-ti'is-blll-is-to-kill-inter-  natlonal trade unionism.  Bill S.���"An act to amend the criminal  code, liOli, respecting free labor." This  bill, if passed, will prevent a uade  unioii discussing ordinary trade matters.  The above bills originated in the senate, where scant courtesy was shown  to bill U.���"An act to legalize union  labels."  Among other bills of interest to organized labor deult with were the Chinese' Exclusion act, the Conciliation  bill, the Railway Appliances act, as  well as numerous acts of Ihe provincial  legislatures.  The Importance of the deliberations  of the approaching session of congress  cunnot be over-accentuated. The employing classes have united In active  antagonism to organized labor, their  operations are carried on In secret, llie  funds at their command uie large and  constantly Increasing and only by a  closer union, coupled with careful judgment and action upon tlie part of organized labor will It be able to cope  with them and prevent the destruction  of the Canadian international trades  and labor union movement. The efforts  of our opponents are ot confined to the  "shop"   but   extend   to  our  legislative  EVERY KIND  i Job Printing Done j  ���,  SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY.      i  ��,  Independent   Printing  Co'y ���  112 HASTINGS STREET, OVER BARR AND ANDERSONS, ���  ��� ������������������������������������������^^���������������������������������������������������������eooae*  halls, and the active opposition to  everything favorable to ns, as shown,  for example, in the senate demonstrates  that labor must wnke up to the necessity for action.  Besides these matters, the developments of the year in industrial circles  call for consideration, while suggestions for the improvement of the conditions of the tolling masses will, as  usual, be dealt with.  This session of congress, while important in itself, can only be the real  voice of organized labor by the active  sympathy and support of every union  in Canada, and that support can best  be given b the attendance of your delegates at Brockville.  LABOR PARTY.  Following   nre   the   candidate*!   of  ihe Vancouver lubor party:  FR.VXCIS WILLIAMS. Tailor.  A. G. PKItRY, Motorman.  .1. KDWARDS, Machlllint.  Coleman's mustard oil   for rheumatism.   Sure cure.   1198 Barnard street.  UNION BARBER SHOPS.  John Slingerlarid���714 Robson street.  Army and Navy���338 Granville street.  Elite�����17 Hastings street, west.        ,  Bon Ton���602 Hastings street, west   ���  Commercial Hotel shop.  .  Anderson's���320 Cambie street.  J. A.'Davidson���307 Cambie street.  Savoy���137 Cordova streeL  J.  A.  Miller������08  Cordova  street.  G. B. Smith���Atlantic hotel, Cordova  street.  Gem���35 Cordova street.  Boulder���17 Cordova street  City Barber Shop���Water street       '  Terminal���Water street  Sunnyside���"Water street  Oyster Bay���306 Carrall atreet.  Union���332 Carrall street  O.  K.���165_-Hastings atreet, east.  Glasgow���513 Westminster avenue.  ,  D. P. Johnston���Barnard Castle, Powell street.  O. McCutcheon���Mt Pleasant  The Independent, $1 a Year  1803 Labor Omnia Yincit 1903  Labor Day  Celebration  "ScjytemBcr ?H 903  in tin- morning there will be a Grand Industrial Parade,  followed by a Rock-Drilling Contest, Machine and Hand.  During  the afternoon there will be Field Sports, including Liorosse and Baseball, at Brockton Point.  BANDS IN ATTENDANCE.  Mass Meeting  IN THE CITY HALL  IN THE EVENING  the evening,  tions.  (MASQUERADE) and BAND J*  CONCERT at Brockton Poiirt in  Thore will also-be Dancing and Illumina-  W. J. LAMRICK,  "   Pres. T. and L. C.  E. HARPER,    '}.  Sec. T, and L. 0.  Executive Committee���Geo. Bartley,'   Chairman ;���'F.  Williams,   Secretary;   Robt.  .Todd; Geo. Dobbinj F.   A.  Harris.   "' ���       -   '������ ���-���'.- - '���:  c^MyTOBSBBSSSxarafaiai^ %  WM&fUMl&H^,  SATURDAY ��-.... Al'lil'ST,  2'2, ISO,!  !i?3fi ltfbJEP-ENDENT.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  I  mm/  Use Kynoch Brand of loaded  the onost reliable on the market.  Shot Shells.    They are  We have everything necessary for tlie sportsman.  Call and examine our stock.  527 Hastings Street.  LABOR LrEERATURE.  'All workingmen and others should  read tbe following pamphlets Issued by  the American Federation ot Labor:  Organized Labor, Its Struggles, Its  Enemies, sa4 Fool Friends, by Samuel  Gompers.  Some Reaaons for Chinese Exclusion.  History ots Trade Unions, by Wm.  Trant and T, J. (McGuire.  Bight Hou* Primer by Geo. E.'McNeill.  Bconomlo ��nd Social Importance of  tiie KighMxtur MoToment, by Geo,  Gunton.  Philosophy *f the Eight-hour Movement,  by Lemuel Danryid.  Bight-hour Workday, by Samuel  Gompers.  What Does Labor Want, by Samuel.  Stampers.  Philosophy ��f Trade Unions, by Dyer  D. Lura.  The "Philosophy or the Labor;Movement," by Geo. IS. McNeill.  What 'Labor Could Do, by John Swin-  toii.  Thc Safety of the Future Lies in Organized Labor, by Henry D. Lloyd.  Universal Education,' by Senator  Henry W. Blair.  Condition of Women Workers, by Ira  U. Van Etten.  Why ; We Unite.  Report of Discussion on Political Program, Denver Convention, 1894.  No Compulsory Arbitration, by Samuel Gompers.  NOMINATIONS.  UNION HOTELS AND SALOONS.  Following are union hotels and saloons and employ union bar tenders:  Atlantic saloon, Cordova street.  Mint saloon, corner Carrall and Hast-  'ihgs Btreets.  Crown saloon, Carrall street.  Palace  hotel,    corner    Carrall    and  .Hastings.  Columbia hotel, Cordova street, east.  City hotel.. Powell street.  King's hotel, Carrall street.  Eagle hotel, Cordova street.  Queen's   hotel,   intersection   Cordova  and Water streets.  Western Hotel, corner   Cambie   and  HVater streets.  Clarence hotel,  fieymour streets.  corner   Pender and  ��� Bridge hotel,  bridge.  at .Westminster avenue  CIVIC COMMITTEES.  Finance���Aid. McQueen (chairman),  Grant, McGuigan, Brown, Wood. Meets  every Friday at 4 p.m.  Fire and Police���Aid. Brown (chairman),: Grant, McQueen, Wilson, Morton. ' Meets second and fourth Tuesday  at 4 p. m.  Board of Health���Aid. McGuigan  <ciiairman),! Grant, McQueen, Macpher-  eon, Morton. Meets first and third  Wednesday at 4 p. m.  Water and? Market���Aid.'? Wood  <ehairman), Bethune, .Coolc, Wilson,  IMacpherson. Meets second and fourth  Wednesday at 4 p. m.  Board of Works���Aid. Bethune  (chairman). Cook, Wilson, Macpherson,  Morton. Meets every Thursday at 4  p. m.  HOGG'S HALL, corner Westminster  "avenue-and" Keef ef "street "tb'let-C." J."  Coulter, 837 Harris street.  The contractors in stone work In San  Francisco have grunted the request of  the Stone Cutters' Union that the stone  planing machines recently put in service be run by union men. The machines displace a number of men.  'Patronize the labels of all crafts.  DON'T FORGET LABOR DAT.  [For the information of its readers,  The Independent will keep standing n  list of the nominations made to date,  filling out the list from week to week  as further nominations are made, and  giving the names of the parties in whose  interest the nominees are running.]  ATLIN���(One 'member)���John    Kill-  land, labor.  CH1LLIWACK ��� (One     member) ���  Charles W.-Munro. liberal; J. L. Atkinson, conservative,  i  |    l.'OMOX���(One    member)���?.      .Melt.  j Young. liberal.  COWICHAN���(One member)���IS? il.  j Skinner, conservative.  CilANBROOK-IOne member)���Thus.  Citvin, conservative.  FEIINIE���(One member)���J. McPher  son. socialist; F. C. Smith, liberal.   '  GRAND FORKS���(One member)���  John Riordun, socialist: Geo. A. Fraser,  conservative.  GREENWOOD���(One member)���J. R.  Brown, liberal.  ISLANDS���(One member)���Tom Patterson, liberal.  ....KASLO���(One member)���J. L. Retal-  lack.  KAMLOOPS���(Ono rnember)-F. J.  Fulton, conservative; F. J. Deane, liberal. ���  LILLOOET���(One member)���Dr. G.  Sumson, liberal.  NELSON CITY���(One member)���S. S.  Taylor, liberal; John Houston, conservative.  NEWCASTLE���(One member)���D. XV.  Murray,' liberal.  OKANAGAN���(One member) f,'J.  Stirling, liberal; Price Ellison, conservative.  REVELSTOKE���(One? member)���J.  W. Bennett, socialist; Thos. Taylor,  conservative.  ' SKEENA���(One member)���C. W. D.  Clifford, conservative; P. Herman, liberal.  SIMILKAMEEN���(One member)���XV.  J. Siiodgrass, liberal.  SLOCAN���(One member)���Wm. Hunter, conservative; W. Davidson, labor.  VANCOUVER dlTY���(Five members)  ���E. Burns, socialist; A. R. Stebbings,  socialist; J. Edwards, labor; A. G. Perry, labor; F. Williams, labor.  VICTORIA CITY���(Four members)���  J. C. Watters, soclulist; Lee O. Clnrl-  ton, socialist.  YALE���(One member)���S. Henderson,  liberal: T. G. McManamon, conservative.  YillK���(One '.member)���H. Wright,  conservative; A. Parr, liberal.  [The Independent does not hold It  self responsible for the opinions of Its  correspondents. So long as they are  not libelous, and are of reasonable  length, they will be published. The  name of the writer must in every  Instance accompany the letter, not  necessarily for publication, but as a  guarantee that they will back their  opinions should occasion require It.]  Tbe Salt  of life  ia-business.   We want more of  it. ��� We'll get it if an out and out  i bargain willfetch it.,  : .How Is This ,  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle  or  Fountain Syringe  75c.  ! Tie HeBow^li, Atkins,;  Watson .Co., MtliaMlity  UT-TO-OATE DRUGGISTS.  ��>��B������SxS<S)������@99999��99ft  SOME) LABOR LITERATURE.  Six Centuries of Work and Wages,  by Thorold Rogers.  Evolution of the Trade Unionist, by  Frank K. Foster.  Sympathetic Strikes and Lockouts, by  Fred. S. Hall.  ���Orga?rilzed=Self-Help^by=Herbert-Cas--  son.  The History of Trade Unions, by Beatrice and Sydney Webb.  The New Right, by Samuel M. Jones.  History and Functions of Central Labor Unions, by W.Maxwell Burke.  Human Progress, by Thomas S. Blair.  .Wealth and Progress, by George Gunton.  Democracy, by Beatrice and Sydney  Webb.  Relations of Employer and Employee  (Symposium),  by John P. Peters.  Annals of American Academy of Political and Social Science, July Issue,  1902.  .Land  and  Labor,  by Wm. Godwin  Moody. '' A-������;-,.. ..     <  Social Unrest, John Graham Brooks.  And others too numeroui to mention.  Labor Eight  Annals of Toll, by J. Morrison Davidson.  Letters of Love and Labor, by Samuel M. Jones.  The A. L. U. has issued a call for  convention of delegates representing  California unions to form a state organization.  A   SINGLE   TAKER'S   REPLY.  To tliu Editor of Tin: Inuki'R.ndkst.  Sir,���In u recent issue of the Toronto  Globe,' Mrf*\V. H. Mldgley disputes the  proposition advanced  by Mr.  Fornnin,  u soelnlist,  thnt  "the earth  belongs to  all   the   people   upon   the    earth."  and  asks the gentleman '���what the basis Is  of the people's claim to the earth."   If  the  earth   does  not   belong  to  all   the  people,  who does it belong to'.'    If the  earth  belongs to some    of  the  people,  what right have the rest of the people  on the earth'.'   Have they any right but  thut of suffrnnce of the owners'.'   Does  not It rend:   "The earth hath He given  to the children    of men?"    Does    this  menu to some of the children of'men,  or to all of the children of men?. If  this   promise  is   only  to  some   of   the  children of men, ls not the Creator.the  Father of some men and the step-father of the   balance?   If   some   men  charge other men for the privilege of  living on the earth, which they did not  make,   can   they  produce  warrant  for  such action from the Creator, or liave  they merely usurped such powers?    Oo  the first squirrel, settlers in  the woods  charge squirrels who come later for the  privilege:of living in the woods wliich  they did not make, und for the gathering of nuts which ure iir.bounty of nature?    Do   the  lute  crow  settlers  pay  rent   to   the  first   crows  who  took  up  their abode in the grove?   Do squirrels  nnd crows starve amid plenty?   IC the  lute  crows  did  pay   rent to  the early  crows,", would   the  latter  be  rendering  any equivalent for  the  rent  they  received?    Does   the   land-owner  render  nny squivnlent for the ground rent he  receives   from   the   landless?   Black-  stone says:    "There Is no  warrant  In  nature or in natural law for    private  ownership: of land." John Stuart Mill:  "No'man made the land; it is the original inheritance of the whole species."  Kalph   Waldo  Emerson:    "Whilst  another man has no land, my title to mine  and your title to yours is ut once vitiated."    Thomas Jefferson:    "The    earth  belongs in usufruct to the living; the  dead  have no right or power over  It.  * .*��� ���*   Whenever    there  are   in    any  country of vacant land and unemployed  poor,'it is proof tlintcthe laws of property have been  so far extended as to  violate natural right."    Herbert Spencer:    "Soldiers, not lawyers,   were  the  first conveyancers of land, and blood  vvas used Instead ot) ink."   The highest  title to land ln England is tenancy in  fee simple to the crown.   The crown Is  symbolical of the people.    The following Is from a decision of the    United  States supreme court, by Waller:? "The  reserved right of the people to the .rental value of land must be construed as  a condidtion    to every   deed."    Gladstone:   "When private property in land  becomes    inexpedient   it becomes unjust."   Campbell-Bannerman:   "Let the  value of land be assessed Independently  of   the   buildings    upon   It,   and   upon  such valuation let contribution be made  to  those public services wliich    create  the value.    This Is not to disturb the  balance of equity,   but to   redress it.  There is  no unfairness in it;  the  unfairness   is  in   the   present    state of  things.   Why should one man reap that  which another man sows?   We would  give to the landowner all that is his,  but we would prevent him from taking  something wlilch belongs to other peo-  pl?/'���Ifllli men have on-equalTlghf  to tho land, all have an equal right to  the rent'of the land.   Take the rent of  land for all public expenses and abolish nil forms of taxation, direct and Indirect.    Then each  possessor   of    valuable land .will pay to the excluded���,  society���the value of his exclusive possession. " Thin Is Henry George's plan  It Is simpler and easier of application  than the-program of socialism and Infinitely more just and effective, besides  being In. lino with Anglo-Saxon Ideals.  Then all would enjoy equally the bounties of nature and no man would have  an advantage of opportunity over his  fellows.     Then   differences    of  Income  would measure differences In ability or  appllcntlonllnsteud of differences In the  possession of privileges.  ALBERT EDWARD FREEIJAND.  Mt.   Pleasant,  Tenn.. Aug. 13,' lilOil,  A IITOGE.  Trades and Labor Congress of Canada  Appeals to International Unions to  Present a Solid Front.  OTTAWA, Ont., June 27, 1903.  To Trades and Labor Councils and International   Local  Trade   Unions   in  Canada, Greeting:  Fellow Workers and Brothers,���The  time has arrived In the history of organized labor, In Canada when a step  In advance must be taken in order to  meet the aggressive methods of those  opposed to the union of workmen. For  many yeara the trade union movement  has followed beaten tracks, discussed  the same questions, proposed the same  remedies and received the same rebuffs,  but a new departure lias occurred In  the ranks of those opposed to us���a departure that must be met without delay  or else the present status of trades unions and their members will be changed  to their detriment.  The great fault of organized labor in  the past has been that lt has kept its  eyes closed to tlie 'methods adopted by  those among the employing classes who  oppose our legitimate alms.   Recent developments have  shown the  necessity  of an immediate awakening, and your  body is requested therefore, to give Its  prompt  consideration  to  the  requests  and proposals contained in this circular.  The trend of the day is towards union,  and   the   employing  classes   have,   as  usual, taken early notice and advantage  of the fact and have united into a compact body, ostensibly for innocent objects, but in reality to ring the death  knell of trades unionism.   Thus there  are organizations like  the Employers'  association, National Founders' association, the International Metal Trades association    and    others    of   the    kind.  Though these bodies come to us with  sweet words in their mouths, their actions declare so loudly as to make plain  tlieir object,  that  their real Intent is  aggressive antagonism to organized labor.   No better proof of this is required  than the strenuous support given recently to the pernicious legislation introduced in the senate, at Ottawa, for  the  exclusion  of  the officers  and the  dismemberment of International unions.  A united front was presented by these  bodies and their attitude was a striking lesson to the representatives of organized labor, present at the discussion  of the bill.   Then what Is to be done?  Stated shortly and plainly, the one  feature emphasized is the absolute necessity of organized labor in Canada becoming welded Into one compact body  so as to be a unit upon questions affecting the interests of wage-earners.  There is a lamentable lack of unity in  this regard, and our very existence now  depends upon an immediate alteration'  of this state of affairs. The Trades and  Labor Congress of Canada must represent organized labor for legislative purposes and the need of the day is therefore, to strengthen congress in every  way possible.' With labor a solid pha-  ���-���-. more respect will be paid to its  ...-.-reseatations, more weight be attach-  -d to Its arguments and more beneficial  results will follow its efforts.  Your body may, perhaps, not be in a  position that calls for action In the way  suggested, but, if not, then we urge  you with all the emphasis we can bring  to boar, to do your utmost to urge la-  bar bodies that are now In affiliation  with tho congress to lose no time in be  coming affiliated. There are today  many unions that, though affiliated  with their international organizations,  have not become affiliated with congress, and to these bodies we point out  that, by a recent decision of the executive of the American Federation of La-  bor^(wlth?jvhlch^internutlonal^bodies  are federated) all lopals In Canada,  whether affiliated with international  unions or not, not all federal unions,  are directly urged to become attached  to the congress without delay.  There is thus unity of opinion upon  the necessity for this action, and whnt  Is now required Is a unity of action  (for legislative purposes) as well as a  unity of opinion.  Do not delay taking action in this  matter, but follow the example of employers and act at once.  Send applications for affiliation to P.  M. Draper, secretary-treasurer of the  Trades und Labor congress of Canada,  box 1017, Ottawa, Ont.  JOHN A. FLETT, Pres.  P. M. DRAPER. Sec.-Treas.  ^9X9'ii9^9X9X9Hi9X9X9X9X99)��.9X9X9'k9X9X9X9'M9W-.9X9)lt  I  Don't be Careless I  i  Don't start your wheel on   the? new  season's  work'without  a  thorough overhauling.   It will add much to your comfort and secur  ity and will cost you but little,  bicycle repair department.  We have a thoroughly up-to-date  626 Hastings Sir X  I  Stoves, Ranges and Kitchen Furniture.  ii  i  1  id  We have the following Departmen ts with whichyou can be connected by  asking, the young lady at our Exclinn ge: Wholesale Order Clerk ^Wholesale  Price Clerk: City Delivery? Clerk; Who legale Packing Rooiit; Wholesale Stock  Room; Glass Warehouse: Tinsnilthlng Department; Retail 'Stiles: Builders*  Hardware. Grates, Mantels and Tlle.  Offices of E. J. McFeely, president;   J. E. Elliott, buyer; A. ilulr, secretary..  McLennan* McFeely & Co*  LIMITED-  122 Coraovn Street  'Phone 44.  ���y��x��x��x��x��^��x��>:��)):��)K��x^��:����:K��;K��:i(��:K��,>:��y��:f��^^^  FOR THE GARDEN  Pruning-Knives  Pruning-Shears  Tree Primers  Hand. Sprayers  Step Ladders  Lawn Mowers  Garden Hose '-  Lawn Sprinklers  Lawn Rakes, Etc.  Individual description is  impossible, not enough >  , space to do. that. They  must be seen, and the  price tags will make no  heavy drain on your j*  pocket book.    ,  |  Vancouver Hardware Co., f  I 339 Hastings Street. |  (���xSKite).!* ���asxiW* 'vsxsm^ &&&*  �����*f^ AodA!#!l*..  " The Beer Without a Peer."  SS Doz. Pints  $2 Doz. QUidrfs  FOR SALE AT ALL FIRST-CLASS  LIQUOR STORES, HOTELS  AND SALOONS  Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.  Vancouver, B. C.  and for sale at all first-class Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels."  The Shamrock  This is tlie inline of a novelty InTIES we Just got In to give the  friends of Shamrock III. an opportunity .to wear the colors of Sir  Thomas  Upton's  famous  yacht.  . __The_Tie I^iLna_rrpwJFour-|n=Haiid_of_Black-Silk-, with-a-plc  ture of Shamrock III. woven In;white silk on the end.  Upon thi? white sail Is. Erin's emblem���a little green shamrock.  50 Cents.  JOHNSTON, KERF ��OT i* CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12r Hastings St., 0|>b. Vm. Ralph's.,  LAUNDERINC  DRESS SHIRTS.  The Typographical union of Everett,  Wash., has passed .resolutions pledging  members not to buy of unfair stores  nor to deal with non-union people.  The Union Labor party in San Francisco has declared for municipal ownership of public utilities,, and is opposed  to tlie attempts of.the Southern Pacific  and other big corporations to gain control of public oflice In order to rob the  people of valuable franchises.  UNION BXPRESS-Phone 1354. Cor-  Abbott and Hastings streets. Prompt  attention to all calls. ��  Demand the Retail Clerks' union cord  Iln all stores.  The Western Central Labor Union's  midsummer carnival in Seattle was a  grand success and over $8,000 was  realized for the building of a labor  temple,  If tliere Is one thing a getitle-  inan Is particular about, It Is  Ills Dress Shirt.  He wants It Immaculate.  It must be starched JUST  HIGHT���when he puts It on- lit;  wants to feel absolutely all right.  This is where the. Pioneer's  service Is faultless���Laundering  Dress Shirts.  , PIONEER  Sfeam  ,,���',-,> i  ���10-91* ,BIcha>*4s BtmUfftml. 846  < ,  >,, Brqa*,*fla��,Jfe A*Mds-   ; , ?W. UU.,,  J, -A.. DirldscA,   epir Cnaibls 4*a  O^rAWa 8t����� U, tt��s jfl*^,y%. ^j-���.i-�� ��� n. ��� ���  wr ��� ,|>jta    p,   iBiy,, TArU'  ��etj^ hair cut la aaart-atte banner.I   Mrrnltrr tit TTter WlTrrrHtnt 1MLV. *1*.   BlftRULI W ft,,.,  324 Carrall Street  Three doors from Hastings Street.  Telephone 1388.  Choice lines of.,Confectionery, Fruits,.-.  Soft Drinks and Ioe Cream.  Refreshment Parlor-Tea. Coffee, Light'. -  (Lunches.  PIF3BS, TOBACCO* '  Prompt service.  '���   ' '       ���'- -,, , '  , t,Open  tUI midnight,  CKJARfl.  :


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