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The Independent Jun 6, 1903

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 I < a  THE  ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA  ."BA-VINCiS   BANK..    -"'>  1    G~L IMBtmi' IBimMnt BuslmssaV?   *  rRiuwotea  ���onriCBS-Hastlngi Btreet,  W.,'  BtMmlaJtaor iLresue, Vancouver.  B. C. PEMAMT IM KB  siroras co.  Authorized Capital - fiO,000,000  Subscribed Capllul ���  -  1,500,100  Assets Over -    .   -  .     300,100  Read Oflice, $11 Cambie Street,  Vancouver, B. U.  FOUKTII YEAR.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY,   JUNE   6,   1903.  WHOLE NO. 1G7.  TRADES MD LABOR OOIML  There was a fair iiltt-ndnnce of dele  gates nt Thursday night's meeting of  , the Vancouver Ti-adi-s and Labor council.  COMMUNICATIONS.  Ralph Smith. M. P., wrote regarding  labor legislation. The letter was referred   to parliamentary committee.  Siocan City Miners' union wrote re  ���shlnglemen. Referred to shingle weavers.  Calgary Trades and Labor council  wrote re circular labor on labor situation at Winnipeg, Calgary and Vancouvei".     Purllainentary   committee.  Factory  workers   wrote   In   reference  . to  adulation   with   council. '     Messis.  .   Italics,  Williams-,  and  Dickenson  were  appointed-:i committee regarding same.  CREDENTIALS.  British Columbia Steamshipmen's Society���Sydney Harris, Geo. Noonau and  Ifred Williams. Delegates took their  seats.  OTHEI!  lU'SlNESS.  Tlu- bakers asked toy the assistance  of the organizer. Iiro. Hilton was lii-  Htrucled to act.  A long discussion ensiled about nominating labor candidates, when It was  decided to appoint Mvst-rs. F. Williams,  Hen. XV. Hakes, A. J. Wilson, G. Wilby  and S. Ramage ns a committee to Issue  a circular to the unions requesting  thein to select delegates for a convention. The proposed convention Is for  the purpose nf framing a platform and  decide on plans fur running an election.'  It was decided to make 'alterations.to  the janitor'!, quarters.    Adjourned.  lng mc to write up a clause for insertion  In the contract to safeguard the interests  of union labor nnd agreeing to have" snld  clause Inserted In lhe contract. I supplied tho clause ns retpjestcd, which ls  as follow*: '-RccoKnltlon of tho Vancouver Building Trades Council and Its  ���Curd System' us now In -force and effect." It covered nil trades employed in  the construction of a building, and simply  meant tho employing of union men instead  of non-union men. That clauso never  found Its way Into the contract or Mr.  Woodward and his co-partners would not  to-day bo considered unfulr to union labor.  Yours truly,  CHAS. T. HILTON,  Secretary    Vancouver   Building   Trades  Council.  LABOR C0iHDl��il  Vancouver, B. C, Juno -lib, 1903.  STREET RAILWAY MEN.  REPLY TO MU. WOODWARD.  ( i  We are 'requested to publish the following:  To the Editor ot thc-"News;Advertlser'  Sir,���In a recent Is-sue of your paper appeared a protest from Mr. Charles Woodward to a circular issued by the Building  Trades Council ofvthls'City, slating that  tlio Charles Woodward Co., Davidson  Brothers and R. G. Buchanan & Company  . wore now .on the., unfair list.. ���>In his protest' Mrl.-Woo'lwarC^inakRs-.sc.'isral'iinls-  statements which, "as Secretary' of tho  Council,, I have been Instructed to correct.  MrVwoodward contends that Mr.'Cook,  the contractor for tlieir new building,' is  ���not n non-union-contractor, but that he  employs union labor, the only difference  being that his (Cook's) men belong to a  Canndlnn organization and nro local men'  having their strike In the City.     I would  like Mr." Woodward  to carefully enquire  right, on   the  job  where  all hands aro  working, the names of the mon employed  and, what stake they have ln the City of  Vancouver.    He will find that SO per cent,  of thorn have no stake ln the City at all.  A few of them have homes of their own  at Central Park and other points outside  Um City limits, but are not ratepayers or  voters In Vancouver.    It Is an undisputed  fact that thc Dominion Trndes Conuress  Is tho recognized head of organized labor  In Canada,   the samo as   the  American  Federation of Labor   is  ln   the United  States.      The   so-called   Union   to   which  Mr. Cook's men belong has no recognition  by either of these bodies, for the simple  renson that It ls attempting to operate in  opposition to these bodies, and is taking  in. cast-off   members   of the   recognized  unions, men who havo at somo time or  other "scabbed" on their fellow members  ��r broken some,vital rule which they had  previously pledged themselves to keep. I  -wonder .what the public would say to two  clearing houses or two Hoard's of Trade or  ���lv?o-Lnw-Soc!ct!cs-or~two Medlcal-Asso-  clatlons  in  the  mine   town working in  opposition  to each other?     Then again,  Mr. Cook's  men,  who  aro In this  uon-  ���unlonKunlon, work with non-union helpers,  these  very often being Chinese or  Japanese, a thing a union man'will not  do.    Union men believe,ln a Hying wage,  lii> llicy skilled mechanics or the men that  tend them.  Mr. Woodward stales that most of tho  unions of the Building Trades Council belong to American Institutions ��� in tho  United States and take their orders from  headquarters. The first part of this  statement'ls correct, but tho latter ls very  far from being correct. An order to go  on strike, for instance, never comes from  headquarters. The Executive officers  are llii-ro to guntd lhe funds, and will  frequently refuse to sanction a strike  wllh financial assistance owing to the  fact of others being ill existence elsewhere. Practically tho order is reversed  uud the local subordinate union starts  proceedings by Informing hcadquarteis  tlml a movement ls on foot for better conditions, sliowlug'tlio state of trade, whether all hands are working oi not, and a  number of other questions of a similar  character; and then a referendum vole of  the whole membership ls taken In every  launch, which. If favorable, sanction-. Uio  .slrike. Nothing could bo moie falily  conducted than by this method. Finally,  1 have a letter before me now, written  l>y Mr. Woodward on March 6th last, ask-  Presldent Mahoirof the Amalgamated  Association of Street Railway Employees, in his annual report, makes mention of the diminution of strikes  thiough organization, as follows:  During the past two years the  strikes in our association have decreased about 50 per cent. In the two previous years, from 1899 to 1901, out of  ISG chartered locals we had 26 strikes.  During the pnst two years, out ot 31)4  charters we have had but 27 strikes; 17  of these were won, 3 were compromised,  11 were lost, and -1 are still on. The decrease of, strikes In the past two years  Is due to two causes. One Is that a  great number of the companies have  come to a better understanding as to  tho alms and objects of our association.  The other one is the strict enforcement  of our laws and following that policy  of letting no strike take place until  every other means has been exhausted  and-arbitration refused by thc, companies."  THE TEAMSTERS.  ' Regarding the progress of "the Teamsters' union, an exchange 'says .that  no other, organization1 ever -made, the  strides, gathered.'within Its' membership' the large number of men and succeeded in getting so sktlcfactory wage  agreements and hours of labor, as have  tho teamsters' unions' of; Chicago. The  oldest of the tomasters' unions���that of  the coal wagon drivers-Ms less than  three years old. Now the national union has a membership in Chicago alone  of over 35,000 nnd is still growing. One  of the youngest of the aflillated unions  of the teamsters���that of the Milk Wagon Driver's union, organized' Sept. 13,  1902���now hns over 2,000 members and  stands third in thc list of those having  the largest membership. .There will be  the-greatest: convention.-ever held by  the teamsters, which convenes o'n August 3rd next at Niagara Falls, In all  likelihood'Vancouver will send a delegate, which would result in a great deal  of good.  The chief work done sn far at the  labor commission was the submitting  of brief statements by the officials of  thc C. P. R. and the U. B, u. E. re  garding the strike. There has nothing  resulted from these so far. Lawyer  Bird arose just before adjournment on  Thursday evening and offered to submit the whole case ot tho strikers to  the commissioners'for arbitration. He  said that the union would not ask for  recognition. All that they asked was  the right of employees of the company  to do as they wished In their own time  nnd to belong to what organization they  liked. This most generous proposition  should be accepted by the company  without hesitation.   ,     ,  David B. Johnstone, or the U. D. of  R. E., proved to be a good witness and  certainly gavece.vcellent testimony. He  was the only witness who gave testimony on Thursday.   ��� - '   ���  While we have not a word to say  against lhe personnel of the commission,  we still hold to the opinion,, however,  that a man from Ihe.ranks of organized  labor should be on the .commission.  For Instance, were the government going to enquire into the commercial business of the province, it would not select  say a locomotive engineer, a printer  and a carpenter as a commission. They  may ba. good imen In their respective  lines, biit .would not be equal for the  occasion that would arise at nn enquiry. On every commission wo'hold  that a practical man should be consulted. This will be readily understood  when the. summing up of the evidence  takes place.  ���  Another thing we would suggest. We  do not think that it is In the best Interests to all concerned to leave to lawyers the bringing'out; of evidence. .A  large corporation at ali times is In a  better position to employ' the best legal  talent available, while Hbor is not. As  a rule these corporations have the best  business mcn��obtainable In thc country,  who should be quite able to cope with  tho representatives' of labor/' 'Lawyers,  however," could' assist-ln preparing the  evidence.'"' The'great fault With government" interference in labor disputes  in the past'ha3 been the bringing of  the legal profession into them. Workers as a' rule dread lawyers, 'and not  without  cause  either.  FAcroRi mum mm\u. of l. vs. w. f. oFiu.  Ai\D A. L il.  I  OTTAWA PRINTERS WANT MORE  PAY.  The employing printers -of Ottawa  are considering the following increase  ol" pay nsked for by the printers: Hand  compositors, present scale, =$12.50 per  week of 54 hours; proposed increase,  $1-5' per week' of ��� 4S hours. ' Foremen,  present scale, $15 per week of 54 hours  (day work), $18 per week (night); proposed scale, $17 per week of 48 hours  "(dn>')T_$20"per"week_(riight):���Linotype  machinists, present scale, $15 per week;  proposed, scale, $16 to $18 per week.  (day), $18 to $20 per week (night). Linotype operators, present scale, $15 per  week of 48 liours (day work), $18 (night),  proposed scale. $16.50 per -week of 48  liours (day 'work), $18 (night work), 45  hours. Work on statutory holidays?  present scale, $4 per day; proposed  scale, $6 per day.'   "  "MIST BE STRONG."  , In no uncertain words E. P. Davis,  counsel for C. P. R., stated in reply to  the proposition of Lawyer Bird at the  labor commission on Thursday, that  while the company were willing to take  back | the striking employees, that no  member of the U. B.'of R. E. could Iind  work with tlie C. P. R. As tho case  proceeded, he said, he would prove to  the court the justification for the stand  thus taken. Commissioner Rowe remarked that their reasons for such a  course would have to be very strong  Indeed."  UNION EXPRESS���Phone 1354. , Cor-  Abbott and Hastings streets. Prompt  attention to all calls.  JOHN  E.   EVANS,  provincial manager. Union Mutual' Lite  Insurance Company, Is ln receipt of th'e  following card of thanks from Victoria,  B. C:  Victoria, 11. C., June 1, 1903.  Gentlemen,���I am today. In receipt .nf  your drnft In settlement ot policy Nj.  P1I527 on the life of lriy late son, Thomas Conlln, and take this opportunity of  thanking you for your exceedingly  prompt settlement of this claim. I did  not expect payment so soon. Youis  very truly,  (Signed) MRS. E. CONLIN.   -  AVe hope that when our friends are  purchasing cigars that they will call  for the "Old Sport," or "Phoenix"  brand, made by thc B. C. Cigar factory  at New. Westminster. They aro good  and union-made.   '  -    ,  Hotel North Vancouver,'finest'summer resort on the coast. Overlooking  Burrard Inlet.   Rates moderate.  J. "A. Davidson, corner "amble and  Cordova -St3.,-l3_the-place���-where-you  get your hair cut ln an artistic manner.  We have now another strike on in our  midst.   The cause Is so Just and working conditions so unfavorable, that the  employees or the sash and door factories of this city and New Westminster  In joint session early in Mny, decided  that   the.v   would  give  notice   to  their  employers that on and after June I they  would only work nine hours a day, or  50 hours a week, namely, nine on live  days and five on Saturday, without a  reduction in pay.   The epoch of the 10-  hour work day has passed in all civilized countries.    Why,  even  In  the old  countries where wage-workers are Utile   better   off  than   slaves,   they   are  not required  to toll ten hours a day,  iind so every right-thinking man, especially those Imbued with the free spirit  of western frontier institutions, 'will all  agree that the factory hands are only  fair and Just In their modest demands.  We are Informed that some of the employers take this view, but according  to their allegiance with other employers and circumstances in a large degree beyond their control, they are tin-  able at present to concede to the request  of  theh*  men.    But,  of  course,  wise counsel will prevail, and it practically   goes   without   saying" that   the  fairness of the demands of the men will  present  Itself so  thoroughly  thut  the  employers win'be bound to respect and  agree to them.  , Union men, in many Instances, in this  case in no uncertain sounds, have  promised, unsolicited, to, give financial  and moral aid to the factory men in  this their trouble. And we hope that  the union's will do all in their power,  consistent with thcir obligation, to lend  a helping hand.  The men' are as hard working, and  as Intelligent as any set of -workmen  ln the country, and they must be considered and reckoned with by the community as an Important factor in the  timber industry of the province. When  lt is learned that they do almost all  the factory work in British Columbia,  it, behoves the( citizens in general to  note these (facts and act accordingly,  when purchasing their window arid  door frames, etc.  The factories involved are: Vancouver Sash and Door factory, 27 men;  Robertson & Hackett's, 19 men; Royal  City, 24 men; and Heaps & Co., 20 men;  and Royal City, New Westminster, 57  men, including Orientals and 38 whites.  The wages paid before the strike averaged about 30 cents an hour to about  35 bench hands in Vancouver, and eight  at New Westminster, young men re--  celved from $1 to $2 a day, and the  more experienced got from $2 to $2.50.  The building trades are watching the  progress of the strike, arid will ln due  course assist the factory hands by refusing material from the striking factories. ,  CONVENTION DATES.  A boycott has been- declared against  the Cypress Lawn cemetery at San  Francisco. It Is alleged a few "divine  right" socialists are mixed up iu this  ghoulish  work.  The most paltry and unprincipled individual Is thc "union" workman who  U ever ready to knock a labor paper.  Buzzards and'hyenas are superior "to  them so fur as principles go.  WHAT IS SOCIALISM?  Somo people havo queer Ideas ot what  socialism moans. They confound it  with anarchy, dividing up and free love  and other absurd statements. For the  benefit of such, the definitions from  dictionaries and world famous mon are  here appended.  !The abolition of that individual action on which modern societies depend,  and the substitution of a regulated system of co-operative action.���Imperial  Dictionary.  A theory of society that advocates a  more precise, orderly and harmonious  arrangement of the social relations of  mankind than that which has hitherto  prevailed.���Webster.  June 8. Philadelphia, Fa. International  Ceramic, MoshIu aud Knciiustlc Tlle Layers and  Helpers' Union.  June 15. Minneapolis, Minn. International  Union of Flour and Cereal Mill Employes.  June l,"i. Cincinnati, Ohio. International  Printing Pressmen's Union.  June 17. I'liilndolpliln, Pa. International  Steel and Copper Plato Printers' Union of North  America.  July 1 Lynn, Mass. Amalgamijtcd Leather  Workers' Union of America.  July 13. Cincinnati, Ohio, Glass Bot tli'  Blowers' Association of tho United Stales and  Caiiiidn. -^���- -������ . ���������  July 11. Indianapolis, Ind. Stove Mounters'  International Union.  July 18. Brooklyn, N. Y. American Win-  Weavers' Protective Association.  The  Union  Record, of Seattle,  commenting on  an  editorial  appearing  In  a dally paper of that elty, which stated  that "the American  Federation of Labor is Jealous of the growing power at  tlie Western Federation of Miners," as  lollows: Nothing could be further from  the truth.   That organization in no way  clashes with the 'A. F. of L.   If the A.  F. of L. is "Jealous" of any other organization the green-eye has not begun  to glare very distinctly.   The only suspicion of jealousy that has cropped out  is toward the American Labor Union,  and that is so slight as to be hardly  apparent.   The rivalry, if there be any,  between the A. F. of L. and the A. L.  U. is not over the Jurisdiction of unions.    The latter body  Is  avowedly a  political organization; the A. F. of L.  is   distinctively  non-political.    The  A.  L. U. leaders strive for a political Utopia, and contend that it can be arrived  at through the labor unions; those of  the A. F. of L. argue that the merging  of   unions   into   politics   would   Injure  them as Industrial equalizers.   .That Is  the  only  real  difference  between   the  two bodies.   To be sure, it Is a great  one,  but it does not imply a struggle  that will result in wage-cutting for the  .mere sake of jurisdiction.    The differ  ence is one which causes much argument, and therefore Is working for the  good of  all  unionists���because    argument always educates.   If this cduca  tion tends towards political action as  the thing for unions to do, then the A.  F. of L. will change its tactics���for it is  a representative body���and  the A.  L.  U.   will cease  to  have an  excuse for  existence.    If,  on the other hand, this  education develops a sentiment against  political  action,  the A.  F.  of  L.  will  grow stronger by continuing its'present  policy, and' the' A. L. U. will deteriorate.   Dan McDonald, at the head of the  A. I.. U.. and Sam Gompers, president  of  the  A.  F.  of  L���  are "both mental  giants.   They differ radically, but they  differ honestly, arid both are working  for the same end���to better thc condition of men and women who work for  wages.   It is very doubtful if the views  of either will be proven wholly wrong  during lhelr lifetime, but should' such  a thing occur, they'would join hands  in working out, the policy shown to be  right.  ���imounted to 1,575. calling for an cx-  p.-iuliune of $1,300,000. The balance in  ii*.i> treasury January 1 was $900,000.  A WEDDING PRESENT.   t  One of those  little events which go  to  make' the  life  of a  good unionist  -f  worth the living, took place last Monday. The occasion was the presenting  to Mr. and Mrs. George Dobbin, corner  Georgia and Cambie streets, of a valuable wedding gift in the form of a  handsome silver tea set, suitably engraved by Armstrong, the Hastings  street jeweler. George is the genial  secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of this city, and of  course showed his appreciation of the.  good fellowhsip of his brother unionists In a suitable manner. The committee who had the presentation in  hand were Messrs. George Adams, J.  P. Dubberley and J. Barlow.  It Is rumored that a mill close to the  city will be refused cars if it draws  out of the lumber combine.  The butchers of Seattle have adopted,  a union button to do away with the  necessity of good unionists asking for  the "card." .  BROTHERHOOD OF TRAINMEN  International  United Gar-  July  21.  Philadelphia,"  Pa.  Association ot Marble Workers.  August 10.   Indianapolis, Ind,  ment Workers of America.  August 10. Washington, D. C. International  Stereotypics and Elcctrotyper's Union of North  Amorica.  August 10. Washington D. C. International  Typographical Union.  August 17. lllrraingliaiii, jVla.'United Association ot Plumbers. Gas Fitters, Steam Fitters  and Steam Fitters' Helpers,  August ���. New York City. United Gold  Beaten' National l'rotcctlvo union of America,  International  Mass.    Table  Team  September 7.   St. Louis,   Mo.  Uiollierliooil ol Blacksmiths.  Sorter  Knife U  rluilers' National Union.  September 14.   Ninunm Fulls, N  Drivers' International Union.  Y.  CIVIC COMMITTEES.  Finance���Aid. McQueen (chairman).  Grant, (McGuigan, Brown, Wood. Meets  every Thursday at t p. m.  Fire nnd Police���Aid. Brown "(chairman), Grant, McQueen) Wilson, Morton. Meets second and fourth Tuesday  at 4 p. m.  Board of Health���Aid. McGuigan  (chairman),- Grant, McQueen, Macpherson, Morton. Meets flrst and' third  Wednesday at 4 p. m.  Water and Market���Aid. Wood  (chairman), Bethune, Cook, Wilson,  Macpherson. Meets second and fourth  Wednesday at'4p? m.  A Denver. Colo., correspondent under  date of, Saturday lust, says that ivith  deafening cheers the Brotherhood of  Railway Trainmen yesterday unanimously re-elected every one of the old  grand 'officers. ��� ,    -  P. H. Morrissey, was chosen grand  master; W. G. Lee, first vice grand  master; T. R. Dodge, second vice grand  master; Val Fltzpatrlck, third vice  grand master; W. T. Newman, fourth  vice grand master; A. E. King, grand  secretary and treasurer. This will be  the fifth term for Morrlssey. Lee, Dodge  and Fltzpatrlck, fourth for King, and  second for Newman. The board of executive officers were also chosen. After  the election each officer made a brief  speech, in which they gave expression  of their appreciation of the honors  whicli the.trainmen Jiad.conferred-upon.  them.  The day was an especially busy one.  The ritual of the order was adopted  In the morning, the salaries of the  grand officers were raised and the site  for the trainmen's homo was passed  over. Grand Master Morrlssey stated  that no action on the trainmen's home  would be taken at this session. The  offer provides tliat three orders shall  combine. The trainmen, firemen and  conductors hnd united, but the conductors notilied the convention of their  withdrawal from a united home, and  this took away the power ot tho trainmen to act. The trnlnmen's offer will  remain open for two years longer, and  It any of the other brotherhoods desire  to Join in the homo will be built.  It was also decided that the convention -would adjourn to-night, and that  lhe' delegates would' leave for their  homes on a special train Sunday morning. The selection ot a meeting place  for.the next biennial convention will be  decided to-night.  Grand Master Morrlssey's report  showed that fifty-eight new lodges had  been installed during the past two  years, with au increase" ot 14,000 members to the organization. There had  been about sixty "wage adjustments,  and   the   death  and   disability   claims  The strongest bond of human sympathy, outside of the family; relation,  should be one uniting all working people.���Abe Lincoln.  It's very funny these days to hear the  prattle of would-be socialists of the  Punch and Judy variety. They are  dead -easy to get on the string, and  jump like marionettes at the , least  touch.  Mr. Smith Curtis, M. L. A., declares  that he has nosed out more boodllng.  This time lt Is tn connection with the.  Canadian Northern attempted graft.  He hopes to wear/the scalps of several  other "'honorable" members of.the legislature.  Why does the -workingman look calmly on and see the employers all over  the country organizing .for the purposes of protection and bettering their  conditions, and then sny that he can't  see anything in organization. This is  one of the questions we have to pass  up.���Ex.  On Tuesday there arrived to gladden  the household of Horace Williamson,  431 Seventh avenue, the popular insurance man in this city, a son and heir.  Upon the arrival of the little fellow **  he wanted to insure. Horace took his  life for a 20-year endowment. Mother,  and child are doing well, and the proucl  father is busy receiving congratulations  these days from his numerous friends.  The unions of this city never endorsed! ���  or contributed one cent towards supporting the labor-liberal fusion ticket  of this city that the anarchists are so  fond of referring to. Nor were they  ever asked, either through the Trndes  and Labor council or any one else, to  do so. Members of the labor party,  though some of them were delegates at  the time to the Trades and Labor council, nevei- took advantage of their positions in boosting for the party, but dug  down into their pockets without saying  a word. It is true, though, that the  unions did contribute towards supporting Messrs. Dixon and Williams, the in-  depend(>ntJnbor_eandidates,_:who-_-were.-.   selected by a union convention to run  against both the liberal and conservative candidates.  A measure, to be known as the Trades  Disputes act, having for" its object the  amicable settlement or labor disputes,  has been introduced in the Ontario legislature by Hon. F. 11. Latchford, minister of labor.   The bill provides for a'  board  of conciliation  and arbitration,  to be appointed by the lleuterinnt-gov-  eriioi-in-counell.   The board shall consist  of  three members,  of whom  ono  shall be an employer of lnbor and one  un employee.   The director of the pro- '  vincial   bureau   of  labor.   Mr.   Robert'  Glockllng will be secretary of the board?"  The board will net In cases where the  secretary hns been requested to intervene'and has failed  to bring about a  settlement.      If  the board  makes  an  award it shall be binding for two years  on the parties to the dispute.   Employers falling to live up to the award are  liable to a fine of $500, and employees  to a fine of ?.">0.    All strikes affecting  transportation or food supply may be  investigated  by  the board, whether it  is asked to do so or, not.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine Hvery  turn-out. ,3. 3. Sparrow, Palace Livery  Stables. **r>~ii&.ii^>��nx��^  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.,  ..JUNE 6, 190J  THE INDEPENDENT.  I'WJLISHED   WEKKbY   IN   THE    INTERESTS OK THE MASSES  BY      '  THE 1NDKPENDB.VT PKI.N'TINO COM'  M.N'Y,  BASEMENT    OF      FLACK       BLOCK.  HASTINGS STREET,   VANCOUVEI!,  B.  C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN  ADVANCE.  A week. 5 cents; niontli, 1". cents; three  months, 35 cents;  six months, GO cents;  one year, $1.00.  ENDORSED BY THE  TRADES .t LABOR COUNCIL OF VAX-  - COUVER,  TRADES  a: LABOR COUNCII^ OF VICTORIA,  VANCOUVEI!    UUILDING   TRADES  COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be had  nt Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATritDAY.   JUNE  li,   l'lOli  Hy .love, what a loss lo the world,  rremiiv's great budget speech that he  inndo, didn't materialize.  Every man hates a : cab and a strikebreaker, but, boys, what arc ynu doing  when you buy goods without the label?  Members of the retiring cabinet*  Khould be made "Doctors of Law."  The.v doctored the laws io a finish when  llicy had a chance.  There Is an old adage that "Jlnney  talks,"' sa.vs an exi-hange. Bui about  Ihu only thing we hear it say unwadnys  is "The common people be d ."  The bridge at rural Chimney creek,  which cost ex-Premier Prior oliice and  repir.nilon, is in cost the province ?-l'j,-  OC0. It is well known thai money too  o.'ten goes up thu chimney In Canada.  The latest is lhat a natiir.il gas Buddy will be formed in Vancouver.  There will be no need to horo for gas.  The nieiiibers. who will have a good  supply, will burc other peuplc with it.  A local politician snys look out for  a cyclone from lhe labor party of this  cily. Cyclones arc harmless in these  bright June days of socialism, but tornadoes are not. So wc say look out for  them.  Any successful pollticinl party in this  province must join hand in hand with  . the working man. This party must  give io labor the same encouragement,  support and protection, which aro given  to monopolists.  We congratulate Hon. Mr. Mcllrlde  upon his elovminn to thc premiership,  and know of none al present in the  legislature we'll sooner see Iill the post  than "Dewdn.-'v Dick." Ke is a good  fellow, but "we ain't his politics."  Il Is nol loo early to begin talking  nboul Labor Day. What nre we going  to do this year" If ,vu"io going lo celebrate, let's begin an-angeiiii'ins soon  enough to make iho demonstration the  greatest ever ninile in lhe provim-e.  The inlllenlmuin is in sight. "Jon"  Martin resigns the leadership of his  party lor peace's sake. It only now  remains for Col. Prior, Mr. Smith Curtis and John Olives- lo join hands and  lor.ii a merry ring. Tlie slogan should  be: "Kiss and make up."  Thc f.-i-on of "know-alls" who can  straighten out the political situation in  20 minutes, still continues to grow.  Knowledge of the "hull biznnss" is not  -lietessnr.v-wUh-those-intclllgenupeople.  A "scare bend" nnd a column of "double-leaded mat tor" in the newspaper  d��Ses the trick���for them.  What we want right off llie reel in  this province Is a government that will  not interfere with legitimate organization and a t borough business policy.  To do this the schemes of monopolists  which coerce and exploit the people of  the country, must be brought up with  a round turn, especially those railway  "grafters."  FROM"  ���     0  Are Always  tbe Finest  CB~ We do developing iiml finishing for  amateur mnl professional photographers. lie-  lure framing.  14 COltDOVA ST. W.  The 0Z0NAGRAM  is published at  IU HASTINGS STRF.ET WEST,  VANCOUVER, B. C.  It arises every Saturday morning-  and Is sent to any address on this  bioad continent for $1 a year.  A limited number of ads. are always  acceptable.  You will miss something if you do  not  Read It To-Day  ;l;^;.;:^".i.-4*.;.-j^i.;<^K^K*;!^;'*(">;H^!*>  ���  CO TO '"�������� <��  u:  '9.  9 Lis llA^Tiwi PruujiT East,  ;K Ior the limit delicious ICt CPtAM, 9,  0 sei veil in llie uluiiuesi, brightest ami ;x  *j:     iiiric-1 |>ai-lor In ilie elty. +  4^"K^;-:^K*^��*.->^r^*H*��:*!{*;i-  the CBTY SIOTEL  R. ASBECK?, Proprietor.  19 Powell Street, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Terms $1.00 per day.  CLARENCE   HOTEL.  (Under new management.)  JAS. W. MASSEY, Proprietor.  Corner  Pender   and   Seymour  Sts.  One block from Post Office.   First-class  dining room and bar; while help only.  Best English ales and porter in town.  Rates, $1.00 per day.  WORKERS UNION  UNIONjP SCAMP  ���Factory Ko?  Buy and wear union stamp shoes,  and thus protect the labor movement  againsl independent and hostile factions that retard the recognized trade-  union.  The union stamp on shoes ls found  on the sole, insole or lining of all union  made shoes. Shoes without the stamp  are convict, non-union or unfair.  Patronize the labels of all crafts.  Demand the Retail Clerks' union card  In all  stores.  LE PEIBT  f AMBLV THEATRE  This  Theatie  is  stricty    a    UNION  HOUSE,  --Employiiig-UNIO.V-ACTORS.  Vancouver Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AND  Laior Council meets first and third  Thursday ln each month, at 7.30 p.m.  President, W. J. Lamrick; vico-presWent,  Geo. Dobbin; secretary, F. J. Russell; financial secretary, J. L. Lllley; treasurer,  A. N. Harrington; sergeant-at-nrnis, J. C,  Kerr; statistician, J. H. Perkins; trustees, Messrs. Pound, Cross and Thompson; executive committee, Messrs. George  and Gothard.  SHIRT WAIST AND LAUNDRY  WORKERS' UNION, No. IB.���Meets  every Snd and 4th Thursday In each  month In Union Ilall. President, R. N.  Hogg; corresponding secretary, Wallace  Sharp, 1119 Richards St.; financial secretary, Mr. Leo; treasurer, F. Young: dole-  gates to Trades and Labor Council,  Messrs. Harglo, Coltart, Lee and Hogg  WAITERS'-AND WAITRESSES' UNION  Local No. 28. President, Charles Over;  vlci'-iiri-sidciil, j\. N. Ili'i'riiigioii; secretary-treasurer, .1. II. Perkins; recording  secretary, Miss A. Scuitto: Press agent,  W. Ellender. Meeting every second Friday evening ut 8.HO o'clock in Union  Hull, corner Homer and Dunsmuir strecti-  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  America No. ITS. ��� Meets lst and lira  Mondays In room No. 1, Union Hall. President, C. L. Whalen; vice-president, J.  T. Mortimer; recording secretary, F.  Williams, 1S14 7th avenue, west; secrei.i-  ry-treasurer, J. Savage: sergeant-at-arma,  H. Brazeau; delegates to Trades & Lalior Council, F. Williams and J. T. Mortimer.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W  F. M.. meeis every Saturday at 7.30 p  m. In l'"orestcr's Hall, Van Anda. Presl  dent, John D. Fraser: vice-president, J  XV. Austin; secretary. Alfred Rnper;  treasurer, A. G. Deighton; conductor,  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patterson.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union, No. 120���President, E. Harpur; vice-president, J. Gil-  man; corresponding-financial secretary,  J. A. Stewart, 44f. Hastings St. E.; recorder, W. L. Aylesworth; treasurer,  G. Bower; guide, W. Bushman; guard-  Ian, O. E. Jacques; delegates to T. & L.  Council, E. Harpur and J. A. Dibden.  Meets first and third Wednesdays of  each month ln Union Hall.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday In Union  hall, room 2. President, A. E. Coffin  vice-president, L. C. DeWolf; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin, 633 Hamilton  St.; financial secretary, J. MeLeod;  treasurer, G. Adams; conductor, H.  Howes; warden, J. F. Gray; delegates  to T. & L. Council, Geo. Dobbin, Geo.  Adams, A. E. Coflln, L. C. DeWolf and  S. O'Brien; delegates to the Building  Trades Council, H. Howes and J. Mc-  Lead.  TEAM DRIVERS' INTERNATIONAL  UNION, No. 4<��-Mcots lst and 3rd  Wednesday in each month in Union Hall.  President, J. C. Kerr; vice-president, S,  Cawker; sec.-lreas., D. Melver; rec. sec,  E. Bridge; correspondent, F. Topham;  warden, A. 13. Soaper: conductor, J. Little-: trustees, C. B. Hlgglnson, R. Haywood and A. Robinson; delegates to T. &  L. Counoil, J. J. Harrison, A. E. Soiper,  Geo. Dunlop, J. C. Kerr and C. B. Hlgglnson.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, No. 151.���  Meets the first and third Monday ln each  month at s p. m., In Union hall, Homer  street. President, A. A. Bigg, vice-president, G. W. Smart; financial secretary,  Chas. McAllister; recording secrotary, D  Robinson, box 37. Vancouver, B. C.; delegates to the Tiades and Lubor council.  William Latham. D. Robinson, H. Howard.  BUILDERS' LABORERS' FEDERAL  UNION, No. Hi, Vancouver.���Meets every other Tuesday evening, at S o'clock.  In the Inrge room, Union Hall. President,  J. Sully; vice-president, \V. Lyons; secretary. H. Sellers, Western Hotel; treasurer,  J. Cosgrove; warden. II. Chapman: conductor, J. Ounderson; delegates to Trades  & Labor Council, J. Sully, G. Payne, J.  Cosgrove and H. Sellers; delegates tu  nulldlng Trndes Council, J. Sully and J.  Cofurnve.  VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION. NO. 2:111. meets the -Ith Monday In  each month at Union Ilall. President.  XV. 3. MncKny; vice-president. S. .1. Gothard; secretary, W. II. Hunt, P. O. Box GO;  treasurer, John Watkins: sergeant-at-  arnis. James Webster; executive committee, Ralph Wilson, A. XV. Finbow, N.  Cloland and P. Kellas: delegates to  Trades and Labor Council, Robert Todd,  George Bartley. Goo. Wilby.  Thus    securing    the    VERY"    BEST  TALENT.  PRICE 10 CfNTS.  When you want Shoes wmk  to order or repaired  -GO IO**  Thos o. Miiis, asst  Tbe Jewel r a id   Diamond   Merchant  COB. GRANVILLE AND HASTINGS STREETS.  Official Watch Intpsotcr ot tbe C. r. K.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION.-  Meels second and fourth Wednesday  of each mouth In Sutherland Hall, corner Westminster Avenue anil Hastings  Street, at S p.m. President, James McGuigan:���vice-president;���A*.- G.���Elliott;  secretary, A. G. Perry, 33 Seventh Avenue;  treasurer, XV. H. Vanderwarker; conductor, H. Howes; warden, G. Martin; sentinel, D. Smith: delegates to Trndes and  Labor Council. B. Marshall, F. C. O'Brien,  Geo. Lenfesty, A. J. Wilson and James  McGulcan.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In OMJrlen's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. J. A.  Murray, president; W. J. Lamrick, secretary, MS Princess street.  INTEHNjVTIONAL ASSOCIATION* OF  Machinists, Beaver Lodge, No. 1S2.���  Meets acrond and fourth Wednesdays In  each month In tho Lesser O'Brien Ilall.  President, Geo. P. Downey; past president, J. It. Edwards; vice-president, H. J.  Littler; recording secretary, J. II. McVety; financial secretary, J. Anderson.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF  Elidrlrnl Workers. Vnncouver Local,  No. 213���Mi'nta second and fourth Wednes-  lay In each month In O'Brien's Hall. President, A. McDonald; vice-president, J.  Puliberloy: recording secrotary, S. W.  Huston; financial secretary, H. V. Ran-  uln.  +++~*.Q^. ,;tti.9 .,,.,99,, . 99 . . ^t)  t  I  THE  PLACE  TO  BUY  SHIRTWAISTS.  WHERE IS IT?  \ best choice and the best 9  *   prices it is at    &   J*     I  i \  I B>RY$DALE'$ I  t CORDOVA ST. j  ���       STORE.      1  ?  |fi'.n^|'i"i'|t'i ..,+9. ��� 99'�����������  Patronize the  Blue Label  BRAIMDS"  Cigar Factory  NEW WESTMINSTER.  PHONE I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of work ln this line promptly attended to.  �����������*�����*���*��������*�����*������*������  On FRIDAY, MAT 1ST, of Millinery and Dry Goods. MILLINERY,  the latest styles from Toronto. My  stock Is new and prices to suit customers in every line���not excelled In  the city. LADIES CORDIALLY  INVITED.  W. W. BERKLEY  307 WESTMINSTER AVENUE.  CoIumbia__HoteI  78 CORDOVA STREET.  Under new management. Dining  Room Unsurpassed. Everything Newly Renovated. RATES���$1 a Day, Special Rate by the Week. Louis Adams  and James Guthrie, Proprietors.  ���We are selling  Boots and Shoes at  Hard Time Prices.  Every pair reduced.  Ladles' First-Class  Kid and Boxed Calf  ln Buttoned and  Laced. o  )++++ + + + ++ +++ + 00+ +&<!*++ 00 +++.+!9.+.++l&.+,  Wc guarantee our   shoes.   Must   be  sold to make room for our new stock.  GEO. E. JAMES,  13 Hastings Street E.       Vancouver.  CIGARETTES  Wc, the iijidor.siKiied, handle the  only UNION -MADE CIGARETTES  imulu in Canada. KAUNAC, V. C.  iindT.&U.  S.  HARCUS.  C. FORSBURG.  CHAS. PECK.  13. M'DONALD.  R. L  RICE.  XV. A. CALLAGHAN.  CHAS. M'DONOUGH.  W.J. McMillan & Co.  Wholesale Agents for 0. C,  Corner Alexander St. and Columbia Ave.  Vancouvor, B. C.  1'. O. I10X, 290. FHONE, 179.  to test the wearing quality of a stocking. If It's possible to kick *  hole in them he will do it. BIjACK CAT HOSE gives him the hardest struggle to wear them out he ever had. ��� Every stitch defies rough'1 wenr. They;  ore double at the knees, the heels, the toes, giving long life and perfect satis--  faction. PRICES 25c and 40c. We ore the sole ogents in this city for Boys'  Black Cat Hose.   Everything In boys' wear at  CLUBB   ��>   STEWART,  Telephone 702.  309 to 31o Hastings St. W.  ,+++++++++++++++++++++++++++ +++++++)  WHAT'S THE USE  of hurrying about buying Lite Insurance so many men think and say. At  lenst two strong reasons are: Good health is uncertain; increasod cost is  certain.  What's   iho uho of waiting might better ba Bald!  UNION MUTUAL   POLICIES V  may bo depended upon to protect throughout the varying experiences of  human lifo, to fiii-thfully guard thla interests of the insured, and to be  promptly cashed when they become payable. Values and privileges abound  antl   aio   conveniently   available.  Detailed facts gladly furnished.  After threo yeara tho Union Mutual Policies do not "become void by failure  to pay premiums, the Main Non-Forfeiture T��n.w without action of the  Policy-holder, continuing tho Insurance for a Specified length of time.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  COLIN CAMERON, Spocial Agent.  +++++ + + + ++4)++ + + ++ +++ + + + ++++++ + +++4\i  CORNER HASTINGS AND CAMBIE  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  New, modorn and strictly first-class;  good sample rooms; free 'bus. Week  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. m., lunch  12 m. to 3 p. m., dinner, 6 to 8 p. m.  Snndays���Breakfast 7;30 to 10:80 a.  m., lunch 12:30 to 2 p. m., dinner, 5:801  to 7:80 p. ra. Rates $2 and upwards  per day. HAYWOOD & FRESCOTT,  Proprietors.  Tbe Dougall House  810-312 ABBOTT STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Restaurant' and Bar. Breakfast 6 to  10, merchants' lunch 11 to 2, 25c; dinner 5 to 8, 25c: lunches put up; eastern and Olympian oysters; short or-  ders a specialty at all hours;  meal tickets %i; bcstj25c. meal in tho  city. \.D. BURTON. Proprietor.  The"  E  819 SEYMOUR STREET,  VANCOUVER.  . Having the only up-to-date grill room  ���'n British Columbia, which in itself is a  guarantee of a first-class hotel and restaurant. Business Men's LUNCH, from  12 m. to 2:30 p. tii.. only 25 coats.  CORNER   CORDOVA   AND   CARRALL  STREETS.   VANCOUVER.  Makes a specialty of Dewar's special  liqueur, also Usher's black label liqueur  whiskoy. Largo stock of imported and  domestic cigars. .Finest billiard and  pool tables. R.'    B.    MULLIGAN &  CO., Proprietors.  Meeting.  F. O. E.���VANCOUVER ABRIB, No. m\  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren welcome.    Bert Parsons, W.  P.; J. G. Ure, W. B., Arcade.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injurv  Health when you use  the  The price is now"  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  11 fldk l ft  i  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets..  | :   GEO. HAY   : $  A     Vancouver's    1'ioneer    Clothes     A  Y     Renovator, malii a suit new.      j  A uyeing_and Repairing, a  jl, 216 Cambie St., Vanoodvee.        a  tainier  >eer  Pacific Bottling  Works  Importers and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  r&MeooocQocoooeeaeot  -,    DELICIOUS WSNE  l    Made Exclusivkly from B. C. Knurr.  I   FRE8H CUT FLOWERS.  UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  |        When nmkiiiK a trip around tbe  Park call on  | W. D. Jones X~ent  o oeooeooooooeaoooooooooi  P^N/iDIANB  XiXXii &AG4i&&i$5X  and  PACIFIC  World's  Scenic  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE  Transcontinental     Passenger   Train  leaves dally at 14 o'clock. '  Seattle nnd Whatcom Express leaves  dally  at 8:50 o'clock.  STEAMSHIPS  TO  JAPAN   AND  CHINA.  Empress of China May*.  Empress of India ��� May 25  TO HONOLULU,  FIJI ISLANDS  AND  AUSTRALIA.  Miowera  May 1  Aorangi  '������.������'���. May 29 ,  Moana '.. ....  June 2��  And every four weeks thereafter.  For full particulars a�� to time, rate*;  etc., apply to .  B. J. COYIJfl, JA& 8CLATHR,  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B, C.    ua Hastings Bt  Tanoouver, B.C  11  !  l\  t\ SATURDAY JUNE 0, 1903  THE INDEPENDENT.  ��� ^��^*K��H-^^K��>��:^��^:��:):��:t:^��)K��?K*^��^  I��   iwe  Successor to Avenue Crockery Company.  The place to got values in  CROCKERY, GLASSWARE,  ENAMELED IRON AND TINWARE.  A full stock of Paints going at cost.  438 Westminster Avenue. ��  I  Telephone 931. 438 Westminsl  Our Victoria Budget.  By Our Own Correspondent.  The restaurant waiters  :ln:;.  lire organlz-  Benetit concert at the Orpheum netted $2S.10.  Bartenders will he oragnizoi" during  ���.the month of June.  By December it is expected that all  -trades in Victoria will be organized.  A ladles union label auxiliary is a  .possibility of the near future in Victoria.  The entertainment given at the Victoria theatre on' behalf of the B. C. S.  . S. netted $130.80,  Mlllmen and woodworkers have organized under a charter from the American Labor Union.  The Laborers' ��� union made a coliec-  'tion of $200 for the widow of -Mr. J.  . Bates, a member of the union.  The entertainment committee of the  Trades and Labor council anticipate  giving an entertainment on .a more  elaborate scale than the last on behalf  of the B. C. S. S.  The members of the Painters' union  have decided not to strike In sympathy  -yiith the carpenters. The former expect to soon be given Saturday afternoons off, as was the case in pas: seas-  . ons. - ���   '  Three hundred  buttons bearing tlie  ��� cross pick and shovel ligure ���2" have  been received, and distributed to members of the Laborers'' union, and 'an-  . other 300 roqulstioned for. -The Victoria  'Laborers' union is destined' to be tho  largest union In the province, if not on  -. the Pacific coast.  Carpenters are steadily leaving the  . city for other points.   At roll-call each  . day the number of answering dwindles  down.   Many of the more skilled nie-  . chanics are  now  working  at Seattle,-  Portland and Vancouver.   Some have  written home to the effect that they will  not return should the strike be settled.  A prominent architect was asked the  . other day what the difference would be  -on-a $0,000 house'ln carpenters' wsgts,  sliould the increase asked for be grant-  .ed.    He  figured out that it would be  between $123 and $150.   He added tint  the Increase nsked  for was  Insignli:-  . cant compared with the Increased ct.st  ��� of lumber, for which there is no just  ��� cause.���Colonist.  company are circulating stories to the  effect that the strike of the B. C. S. S.  is ovcr, nnd that all hands have gone  to work. Your correspondent has Interviewed members of tho union and  found the rumors to be utterly untrue.  A few whisky soaks who have been living on the vile whisky dispensed by an  unprincipled wretch in a notorious  down-town saloon, have returned to  work on thu boats, at his umperative  comma nd. Judging by comment their  action is unanimously endorsed. "While  all were not union men, all manifested  sympathy with the action ot the unioii  until the supply of whisky was cut oft".  Tlieir presence disgraced as line a body  of men as ever organized, and their desertion is universally, accepted as a  blessing. The unioii cleared of its drift  material, is at present determined to  stand out to n linlsh, and they are  made of thc material lo stick to their  word. The following are the names of  those who have disgraced themselves:  Taylor Ash, Alt' James, .E. Peterson,  J. Williams, who sailed on the Amur;  and "\V." Furness, who sailed on the  Danube.       . .    ���<-  about a settlement of the .carpenters'  strike.   The carpenters accepted the offer bul the builders declined it.     The  replies received were as follows:  To. His Worship thc Mayor:  Dour Sir,���At a inetting of carpenters  held this afternoon 1 was Instructed to  forward you a copy of the following resolution:  Moved nnd seconded, Thnt we accept  the prolTeicd services of the mayor with  llinnks.  Also ihul 1 inform you that the Builders' association are dealing with union  and "non-union men, and to address all  communications In the future to the ad-,  dress given below,  Hoping that you will be able to bring  matters to a successful issue by conciliatory measures, I remain, yours respectfully,  G. A. OKELL, .  May 29, 1903.  Okell, Victoria West,  on labor, etc., and the evidence they  tendered; the prompt action of the parliamentary committee; and the deputations to other bodies,, are all proof of  the more active spirit and keener interest now taken in social and Industrial problems. The satisfactory results of these deputations and the action taken by departments o�� the government should encourage trades unionists to follow up the study of social  end Industrial questions and the relation which they should maintain towards them. r-  Our Victoria Advertiser*.  The advertising pages of The Independent will reveal to trades unionists  in Victoria the tradesmen who are ln practical touch with them, and they;  will naturally govern themselves acco rdtngly in making purchases.  THOMAS  PAQUETTE  formerly of Seattle.  Chas. Hilton, Union  B. O.  Address wanted,  hall,  Vancouver,  '      'LONGSHOREMAN DEAD.  Tuesday  morning  at the* family  re-  ��� sidence, Seventh street, death removed  Arthur Dakers.    He was -10 years  of  age and a native of Forfarshire, Scotland,   He leaves a widow and family.  " The funeral took place on Thursday ut  , 2 o'clock, from the residence.   Meinlic rs  -of the 'Longshoremen's "union attended  in a bodv.   ��� B.-Crsr3.-STRIK?E;   With a view to getting unsuspecting  ��� working men to take service on the C.  ". P. It. boats, the scab employees of that  �� ALL UNION MINERS  ���  ���  f         SHOILD WEAR THE  <ft                 ^tetT*^  ���  9  9  ft  O  ��  ���  ft  9  9  9  9  ������ Special "Miners" Over-  9  9  <��      alls, Jumpers and  'ft  9  ������             Smocks.  ft  9  ��   made of fullweight denim, double  ,9  ft  stitched and riveted, high waist-  ���ft  ��� ed, roomy seated, iron wear.  >���  ��� Made by  '?    '                      -THE-  9  ft  9  ft  9  211IBIK CO..  ���    "     "               (LIMITED.)  '*   The  oldest Union  Overall Fac-  $              tory ln the "Wert..  ft  9  ft  9  ft  9  ft  Jt      MOPS BLOCK, WISMIPES, H IS.  9  ft  A few days ago Mayor McCandless  6Q��Qe@eO��9*Qo9e����9oGo9 offered his services towards bringing  FARM HELP. ,  "A cablegram was received on Saturday, from the president of the Board ot  information & Emigration at Victoria,  B. C, by the agent general, Hon. J. II.  Turner. It reads as follows: 'Farm laborers very scarce. ��� Strong , demand for farm laborers.' "���Peoples  Journal. Dundee, Scotland, May 2, 1903.  This will be interesting news to the  hundreds of unemployed men in the  province of British Columbia. It will  also be' interesting to other residents to  know lhat farming (on such an exten  slve scale as to necessitate advertise  menls for farm labor In foreign coun  tries) Is one of the great Industries of  the province. Hitherto it was gener  ally supposed that "mining alone was all  the province was noted. for.. , Experts  are figuring where the farm lands are  .situated. , Owing'to the closing down  of the conl mines in B. C, it is hinted  that the carboniferous formation that  caps the Dunsmulr coal deposits is going to be introduced to the plow and  also that the washed out placer grounds  of the province are to receive the same  consideration. A few cabbage and turnip gurdeiis and indeed "a potato field  or two, nre known lo exist in this province, but'a scarcity of help to harvest  the crop was not dremat of, as shiploads of Celestial hay seeds direct from  the agricultural districts of the Flow-  cry Kingdom have entered port since  the inauguration of the $500 head tax.  It would be well for Trades and Labor  councils to communicate with the president of the Board of Information &  Emigration asking for information as  to'"the whereabouts of the agricultural  districts lu the province of British Columbia, and at the same time drop a  line to the Peoples Journal, Dundee, informing that journal of the true conditions _ot_the_provlnee_ofiB._C._._   MAYOR M'CANDLESS AND CAR  PENTERS.  The carpenters are still on strike and  there is no apparent change in the situation. The Contractors "who by the  way, are in extreme financial straits,  are obdurate and are determined if  possible, lo defeat the carpenters. Indeed thoy have resorted to such1 measures In their efforts to gain a point  thai they together .with the mlllmen,  have plated themselves in such a position ns regards "restraint ot trade,"  that there Is a possibility of the criminal court taking n hand to break the  deadlock. Similar cases have reached  the courts In the United States and  Ontario, and have resulted disastrously  to the contractois and mlllmen. According to local contractors, lt appears  that so far as demand needs the supply  is forthcoming in the line of carpenters.  Two bricklayers were found doing carpenter work at $1 per day, one holler-  maker's helper, two ox-labor mlllmen,  and a few Chinese mechanics. Of course  there are a few of the ulcerated brand  at work,'but on the whole building is  not brisk..' The carpenters will probably soon call on other unions of the  building trades to lend a hand.  Victoria, B. C,  Address~G. A  City.  Mayor McCandless, city:  Dear Sir,���In reply to your worship's  communication regarding the carpenters' sti Ike. I am instructed to state  that' while appreciating the spirit In  which you have approached us, we consider the time has positively gone past  for arbitration, as suggested.  The Builders' association have at different times offered most material concessions to the union, besides the wngc  compromise, which the latter body has  failed to accept; we emphatically state  thai we have given the union the extreme limit of our consideration. Yours  very respectfully,  E. VV. WHITTINGTON, Secretary.  Victoria,  11. C, May, CO, 1903.  JEHVK'S   COW  PASSES  AWAY AFTER ABRIEF ILLNESS.  It is with sincere regret that we report the death of Mr. A. Jeeve"s cow.  The prior beast,  after a brief but ex-  c  cecdingly painful illness, died suddenly. Its loss was duly mourned, though  unhonored and unsung. This was owing to the prompt arrival of the knocker  who conveyed the remains on a suitable chariot���-whither we- know not.  Last Sunday the distracted and sympathetic owner visited .your correspondent (who, by the way, is (versed in  cow-ology) and begged of him to pay  a visit to the sick chamber. Owing to  pressure of business, the call could not  be attended to until 2:30 p. m. On arrival at the residence of the bereaved  the sorrowful news was communicated  and all hands proceeded to the death  chamber to view the remains. A sister  or rather a companion-of the deceased  occupied a stall directly behind where  the unfortunate lay dead. It appeared  to understand the situation and Its  bellowing;) were heart-rending. By the  aid of block and tackle, Mr. A. Jeeves  succeeded in changing the direction of  the corpse thereby rendering free access to the stable. An examination  confirmed your correspondent that tho  immediate cause ot death was due to  blood poisoning and this opinion was  somewhat strengthened by the appearance of a hypodermic syringe and tablets of the sulphate of strychnine,  which had been left by a veterinary  practitioner. Mr. Jeeves disputed the  opinion and thought that the cow had  been killed through kindness. The Laborer's union of which Mr. Jeeves is  an honored and energetic member, were  notified of the Irreparable loss sustained, and resolutions of condolence and  sympathy a yard long have been passed and forwarded to the bereaved. The  Sione Cutters' union have been commissioned to design a suitable monument. It Is believed that all lhat was  mortal of the deceased bovine now rests  in the city pound, and this belief is  somewhat strengthened by the slick appearance of the canines imprisoned  there =, - .   UNION BARBER SHOPS.  John  Slingerlaiid���714 Robson street.  Army and Navy���33S Granville street.  Elite���017 Hastings street, west.  Bon Ton���U02 Hastings street, west.  Commercial Hotel shop,  Anderson's���320 Cambie street,  J. A. Davidson���307 Cambie street.  Savoy���137 Cordova street.  J.  A.  Miller���COS Cordova street.  G. B. Smith���Atlantic hotel, Cordova,  street.  Gem���23 Cordova street.  Boulder���17 Cordova street.  City Barber Shop���Water street.  ' Terminal���Water street.  Suimyside���Water street.  Oyster Bay���306 Carrall street.  Union���332 Carrall street.  O.   K.���165  Hastings  street,  east.  Glasgow���313 Westminster avenue.  D. P. Johnston���Barnard Castle, Powell street.  O. MeCuteheoii���Mt. Pleasant.  THE QUEEN'S HOTEL  J. M. HUGHES, PROPRIETOR,  Corner of Johnson and Store Streets,  Centrally located    and   all conveniences.  Terms $1 per day and upwards.  Free Bus. Telephone.  117 GOVERNMENT STREET.  Men's and Boy's Clothing, Boots and  Shoes.   Union Store.   Union Clerks.  KB" Lowest-priced outfitters in the  City of Victoria.   Give us a call.  ���������J* T. JONES***  Empire Cigar Store  Free Reading Room and Headquarters of the Laborers'.  Protective  Union.  105 Douglas Streot, Opposite Labor Hall  V1CTOWA, ]J. U.  The  TRADES UNIONIST'S SOCIAL.  Men of light and learning, who have  made a study of social and Industrial  subjects, and who have watched the  progress of the movement from the out'  side, have advised a more active ag-  Kro.^sivp policy, and have endeavored to  arouse a spirit of enthusiasm amongst  trades unionists to reallzo more fully  tholr responsibilities und duties as citizens. In recent quailtis a more active  spirit on socinl questions has been made  manifest. This Is due probably to lessened hours of labor, which huve given  to workmen more leisure, and have afforded a scope for nctlon on vurlous  institutions and 'organizations' formed  for thc purpose of mutual assistance,  and far Improving the social condition  of working men. The effects of elementary education are alrti now bolng felt,  and in the trades unionist ranks to-day  there are men who have had the advantage of this education, and whose  inlluence Is being felt ln our councils.  This mny be another cause of the Interest now being taken In?social subjects.  The.resolutions of trades unions with  regard to "sweating," and to the abolition of property qualifications in connection with candidature for membership of elective bodies; the unionist  witnesses before the royal commission  LABOR LITERATURE.  All workingmen and others   should  read the following pamphlets Issued by  the American Federation of Labor:  Organized Labor, Its   Struggles, Its  Enemies, an'l Fool Ftlends.'by Samuel  Gompers.  Some Rem ons for Chinese Exclusion.  History, ol   Trade ."Unions,    by Wm.  Trant and P. J. McOuire.  Eight Hour Primer by Geo. E. McNeill.  Economic .md Social Importance of  the Eight-h iur Movement, by Geo.  Gunton.  Philosophy Df the Eight-hour Movement,  by Lemuel Daaryld. .  Eight-hour "Workday, by Samuel  Gompers.  'What Does Labor "Want, by Samuel  Gompers.  iPhilosophy i'f Trade Unions, by Dyer  D. Lum.  The "Philosophy or tne Labor Movement," by Geo. E. McNeill.  What Labor Could Do, by John Swin-  ton.  The Safety of the Future Lies in Or  ganized Labor, by Henry D. Lloyd.  Universal Education, by Senator  Henry W. Blair.  Condition of Women Workers, by Ira  M. Van .Etten.  Why We Unite.  Report of Discussion on Political Pro.  gram, Denver Convention, 1S94.  No Compulsory Arbitration, by Samuel Gompers. " _,  A. Shereth  PLUMBER AND GASFITTER,  102 Fort Street.  Victoria, B. C.  Jobbing done. Estimates furnished.  Old Curiosity Shop  Pierce O'Connor, Proprietor.  118 Tates Street, Victorians. C.  .���*)  AU kinds   of  furniture   bought an4  sold.   Anything you desire and do not  see please ask for it.  Victoria Union Directory.  VICTORIA LABORERS' PROTEOTlViil  Union, Federal No. 2.���Meots llrst andi  third Friday in Labor Hall, room 4.  President, A. Johonson; vice-president,  T. Cox: secretary. J- C. Mapleton; treasurer, J. Goldstraw, warden, A. Harris;  conductor, J. McConnel: delegates to  Trades and Labor Council, A. Johonson,  T. Cox, Leo O. Charlton, XVm. McKay;  and J. C. Mapleton.  EVERY KIND OF  >*i  ���'  5  ft  \ Job Printing Done 1  SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY.  Independent  Printing  Co'y  BASEMENT, FLACK BLOCK, VANCOUVER,  9  SOMEl LABOR LITERATURE.  Sis Centuries of .Work and Wages,  by Thorold- Rogers.  Evolution of the Trade Unionist, by  Frank K. Foster.'"  Sympathetlc Strikes and Lockouts, by  Fred. ��. Hall.  Organized Self-Help, by Herbert Cas-  son.  The History of Trade Unions, by Beatrice and Sydney Webb.   ���  The -New Right, by Samuel M. Jones.  History and Functions of Central Labor Unions, by W. Maxwell Burke.  Human Progress, by Thomas S. Blair.  ���Wealth and Progress, by George Gunton.  _Domocracy, by Beatrice and Sydney  Webb.  Relations of Employer and Employee  (Symposium),  by John P. Peters.  Annals of American Academy of Political and Social Science, July issue,  1002.  Land and Labor, by Wm. Godwin  Moody. ,,  Social Unrest, John Graham Brooke.  And others too numerous to mention,  Labor Eight  Annals ot Toll, by J. Utorrlson Davidson.  Letters of Love and Labor, by Samuel iM. Jones.  DOMINION DAY  CELEBRATION  At Vancouver SydlsfS  Championship Lacrosse, Baseball.  Bicycle Tournament and Horse Races.  Men will also participate in the games.  . National  The Xavy  FIELD AND AQUATIC SPORTS.  His Majesty's Warships Will be Present.  = GOP SAVE THE. KING.=������  MA-YOR-NEELA-NDS,-  -H.-J.-FRANKLI-N,-  Chairman.  Secretary  Remember Your Subscription.  The following llgures of the dividends  of John D. Rockefeller for the past  three yenrs are evidence of prosperity  (?). The report of thc directors of the  Standard Oil company quotes the sum  or Ilfty-slx million dollnrs as pious  John's share. Eliminating the fractions  the following deduction will enable us  to comprehend this vast sum. John  "earned"���  $18,666,666 per, year,  $1,553,555 per month,  $388,888 per week,  $55,555 per dny,  $2,315 per hour,       .   ��  $38 per minute,  64c per second.  KIGS AND SADDLE HORSES Always on hand at Hotel North Vancouver.  RACING   DATES.  Following are tho ilntes sot by the  North Pacific Fair Association for the  horse races lor 1003:  inI'IIIXO .MF.KTI.NUS.  Seattle, Wiibb June 6 o July 4  Vancouver, B. C July 1 to 2  Grand Fori., B. C  July 1 to 3  Spokane, \V����li  July 4 to 6  Everett, \Vnih July 2 to A  Whatcom, Wash July 2 to 4  TALI. MJKTI.NG8.  Seattle, Wiuh   Wluilconi, Wash   Everett, Wash   Saloin.Ore   Portland, Ore    Aug. 1 to 29  .Aug. 31 to Sept. 5   Sept. 7 to 12   Sept. 14 to 19   Sopt. 21 to 2d  North Yakima, Wash Sept. 28 to Oct. 2  Spokane, WnBh Oct, 5 to 13  Hoise, Idaho Oct. 12 to 17  Walla Walla, Wash Oct. 10 to 24  LewiBton, Idaho Oct. 2C to 31  Thc Dalles, Ore Sept. 28 to Oct. 3  I,a Grande, Ore Oct. 5 to 10  Now Westminster, B. C Sept. 29 to Oct. 2  Vancouver, B. C Sept. 7 untl Oct. 3 to  Victoria, B C Oct. 6 to 10  IF IT IS  PAIR FOR  of Vancouver and elsewhere to support  mid purchase the goods ot a fair linn  why should they not condemn nnd HE-  FUSB TO PURCHASE lhe goods of  unfair concerns? The RUILDING-  TRADES COUNCIL endorsed by tb��  Trades and Labor council, has placed!  CHAS. WOODWARD & CO.,  Cor.  AVestmlnsti'i" avenue nnd Harris  street.  MESSRS.   DAVIDSON   BROS.,     '  Jewelleis, Cordova street.  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO..  Glassware,  Hastings  slreet,  on   the  Coleman's mustard oil    for rheumatism.   Sure cure.   IMS Barnard street.  Members of these firm*: awarded the  contract for building the proposed big  departmental store on corner of Hastings and Abbott streets to E. COOK,  a bitter opponent of  organized labor.  The Independent, $1 a Year f  rjrrsraeyvi. n^.n.-y  iOgglS.  SATURDAY JUNE 6, 1905  THE INDEPENDENT.  ARE YOU GOING FISHING?  KODS, REELS' LINES, CASTS,  FLIES,BROGUES, TRACES, MINNOWS, SPOONS, BASKETS AND  ELY BOOKS.  AVe can supply any fishing gear  required, and will he glad to have  vour business.  *  52? Hastings. Street.  UTTERS TO THE EDITOR.  )  |Tho Independent does not hold itself responsible for the opinions of its  correspondent?. So long as they are  not libelous, and are of reasonable  length, thoy will be published. The  name of the -writer nuu-t must in every  Instance accompany the letter, not  necessarily for publication, but as a  guarantee that they will buck their  opinions should occasion require It.]  2.111. FOLICY REPLIES TO MR. MORTIMER.  To the Kditor of Tin: I.nuki'KSIikn I:  Sir,���In the Western Clarion of May  SC, .1 observe a It'll er from Mr. Mortimer  in reply to m> communication in your  last week's, l^ue. which begins ;'S follows: (1) "Why dues Mr. Foley seek  to transfer Mhl> ilh-ciisslotr.' is it  possible the Wes-tern Chrlon would not  grant him space, or does he imagine  thc readers of Tin- Independent to' be  more gullible".'" In reply, J would slate  that Mr. Mortimer's Hist suggestion is  correct. 1 have been denied space in  the ���WosiPrn Clari.m twice, and I absolutely refuse to In-come u literary  beggar. As to your second suggestion,  Mr. Mortimer, 1 feel that the readers  of Thc independent will suffer nothing  ns to.gullibility when compared with  the readers of the Clarion, and I -will  leave that matter to the judgment of  thc public. Again. The Independent  lias for years h-cn the mouthpiece ot  labor in this community, and if you  do not desire to carry on this discussion through thut organ, it is no reason  *ivh>* I should make a change of venue,  as you call it. Xext. Mr. Mortimer attempts to excuse a poor defence of his  position by telling us that the reason  lor his failure was because Mr. Foley's  argument was a labored defence of International unionism, of which he himself is an ardent advocate. Xow, sir,  if International unionism lias cut any  ligure in th;�� discussion I am not  aware of it, and. If I may be pardoned  for saying so, 1 feel that that gentleman's excuse hardly does justice to liis  colossal ideas of his own argumentative  ability. We are also told that Mr.  Foley has been climbing down until  there is nothing loft of his original assertions. . Let us see: According to  Mr..Mortimer's own quotation, my position is this: (11 There is a community  as well as a eoutliet of interest between  employer and employed. (I!) All property is not robbery and Jlr. Mortimer's  intellectual machine gun has failed absolutely to render my position insecure.  **Vo" are told thac a fair consideration  of the principles of socialism by Mr.  Foley would force him to concede that  higher wages mean less profits, while  .lower wages mean larger profits (Infer-  ence irrepressible conllict). Mr. Foley  ttid not need to read Karl Marx, nor  yet seek Information at the infallible  fountain of economic truth, monopolized by such champions of socialism as  Messrs..Mortimer and Griffiths, to discover' tha't economic fact. But unfortunately, my friend, there Is another  aspect of this question which you entirely ignore���for I can hardly believe  ���that you arc- so blind as not to have  ^i7^ercdnt=-aiiU~that~is"that-thc-in-  terests in common ot employer and employed pc-rmeates almost every other  aspect of this common relation, therefore this conllict and community of interests will cuntinue until some practical plan-of co-operation in production  and'distribution is inaugurated. However, If the nightly exhibitions given of  late on the corner ot Carrall and Cordova streets 'are to bo taken as a criterion of "class conscious" co-operation  W����������������������������3������������  iTbe Salt  I of Life  is business.   Vie want more of S  it.   We'll Ret it il* an out and ont ��  < bargain will fetcli it. ��  Mow is This ��  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle  or  . Fountain Syringe  75c.  | The McDowell, Atkins,  Watson Co., Ltd. Liability ��  fe> UP-TO-DATE DRUGGISTS. @  g) ��  &����������������������������3e����������  then I say the Lord deliver us from  partieipatini; in it. Xow. sir. 1 have  never attempted to disprove a conllict  of interest between labor and capital.  Iiut I feel eonildi-ut that I have also"  pruveii that there is u cmnmuniiy of  interest, and in addition to what has  already been said t submit the following in susteneniSi of my position: Has  itnerest in the price and demand for or  of a given commodity," which while Increasing the prolit of the employer, Increasing also the demand for labor and  the amount of wages to be paid therefor in the aggregate, -while creating a  greater security .md often an increased  wage'.' Has the miner and manager no  common interest in tlie ore values of a  mine which means prolit or loss to the  manager and prosperity or poverty to  the miner".' Has the mechanic, the  contractor, and owner of a building under construction, no common interest  iu the price of lumber or stone, or  brick, which means Ilnancial loss or  Sain to the owner, and perhaps work  or idleness to the contractor or laborer?  Has employer and employee no common  interest in the incoming of the Great  Northern railway, which may menu a  building boom wilh all that it implies?  This aspect of the question might be  enlarged upon indefinitely, but it would  be superfluous, and 1 feel a reileciion  upon the intelligence of my readers'.  My interest and yours, Mr. Mortimer,  conllict in the labor market, and also  in the merits of this discussion, but  we have a common interest in arriving  at the truth and your assumed monopoly of economic knowledge, coupled  with your aggressive intellectual Intolerance, will hardly promote a desire  on my part to concede that you know-  it all. And I hope the British Columbia  socialist party will soon see its way-  clear to put you back In the "a-b-c"  class where you belong, not so much  because of your ignorance as because  of your Calvanistie spirit.'Again we are  told that if we' concede the justice of  the private ownership of the natural resources and means, of production, or,  In other words, land, machinery, etc.,  then Mr. Dunsmuir is perfectly justified in his position. Xow. Mr. Mortimer, the justice of the private ownership of your hands will hardly be questioned, but your abuse of these very  necessary appendages to deprive .your  fellow-man of an opportunity ot gaining and honest livelihood would hnrdly  meet with approval at the^ bench of  common justice as we understands today. , We. recognize the justice of the  private ownership by John Doe of his  bull pup, but oven you would not endorse the abuse of the animal. But I  am not discussing the private ownership of either your "dooks" or John  Doe's pup, and while I am not prepared  to endorse the private ownership of  natuial opportunities, I must seriously  question the justice of depriving the  inventor of the private ownership of  the machine, the product of his;brnin.  but, like in the Dunsmuir case, 'the  abuse of the use ot that machine I  would remedy by expropriation. When  Mr. Dunsmuir and his coal mines become  a  rudimentary  intestine in   the  economic structuteTlheir'TemoVar becomes necessary. When Charles the  First announced to the people of Englnnd that he ruled by divine right and  insisted, like his prototype on Vancouver  Island, that the people had neither law  ror precedent to 'deprive him of that  divine function, that stern old Puritan,  Oliver Cromwell, the personification of  the common people of England, lopped  oft tho royal gentleman's head, aud  the Justice of the sacrilege is hardly  now questioned. A dose of the same  iiiodlcliie only in a little milder form  might open the eyes of that autocrat  tu the f.iet that people are somewhat  of Industry, Mr. Dunsmuir, to the ract  that people ate somewhat Interested utter all. Next we are told that 1 accuse  him (Mortimer) of being arrogant, vain  egotistical and Intolerant, and for the  llrst time in this discussion he concedes my argument to be right and insists lhat he would rather be all of  these things than become a fawning  sycophant, preaching community of In-  ti rests lo tho laborer for the sake of  doled-out  favors. Let  us  examine  this accusation, for 1 suppose it is intended to apply to myself. Some few  years ago t consented Lo load a political forlorn hope In the Kootenays in  direct opposition to the liberal party,  of-which I had formerly been a mem-  I ber, as a protest against the hypocrisy  of that party, tiiid for the purpose of  assisting in teaching the proletariat to  exercise thftlr ballot in the inteiest of  this class. I was defeated. A lew  months later I received an appointment  on the Chinese-Japanese commission,  not because I wns a party sycophant,  or perhaps even the best fitted for  the position, but because It was deemed  expedient politically to induce me  and my followers to drift  back into the fold. But In fulfilment  of the role of sycophant, as Mr. Mortimer would huve you understand lt, the  ink was scarcely yet dry on our re-  1 ort when 1 Joined the independent labor party in direct opposition to the  party that had Just previously conferred a great favor on me. and a few  months later I became the candidate of  a party In direct opposition to lhe same  government., If this be the conduct of  u sycophant, fawning for favors, then  1 am guilty. And let me say right here,  Jlr. Mortimer, that I have never hesitated to applaud right or condemn  wrong, whether It applied to a government, a Dunsmulr or a self-constituted apostle of socialism. In conclusion, allow me to say that my object In  entering into this discussion has not  been to prove or disprove that all property is or is not robbery, or that there  is or is not a community of Interest between the laborer and the capitalist,  or that the producer is or is not entitled  to all he produces, but rather my desire  lias been to call the attention of socialistic bodies to the lack of wisdom in  the use of such intemperate language,  upon the use of which the economic ignorance ot the masses will certainly  place a misconstruction, (and upon  some of which at least thcir criticism  will be entirely justifiable). For instance, the frequent expression that "all  property is robbery" will be taken to  mean just what the words imply, but  which in most cases is intended to apply to property acquired by exploitation, or used for thnt purpose. Again,  that "the producer Is entitled to all  he produces" will be considered to be  manifestly wrong and taken to mean  that the owner of thc machine, which  represents perhaps 20 years' hard labor, must surrender the whole product  to the man who operates it and who  applies but perhaps one year's labor to the result. To my mind a clear  exposition of this economic problem  would put it thusly: Under the present  system "the producer is entitled to all  he produces," less deterioration in value  of machinery, cost of management and  a fair reward for the stbred-up labor  Involved in the capital invested. In the  last analysis, if honestly ecqulred, the  machine is simply the stored-up labor  of the man who owns It and engaged  with the operation in co-operative production. Hence the owner is as clearly  entitled to wages, or profit if you will,  as is thc operator. Then to say that  the producer is entitled to all he produces and the other fellow is entitled  to nothing, although his labor may  Have really been ' the larger  factor in the result, would make the  workman an exploiter or, as tlie S. L.  P. would put it, a robber. If the argument If appliea to the proposed socialist system, I would put it thus:  The producer is entitled to all he  produces, less deterioration in the value  of tiie machine which must be replaced  by n tax on the product. For whether  it be the people or the Individual that  owns the stored-up labor or capital involved in the ownership of that machine Its use in the field of production  as against that of .operator deteriorates its value, and its existence is endangered by fire and Hood with the  addod danger under our system of  panic and war. Reasonable socialists  will, I feel, admit the force of this argument; for to deny it, even under socialism, would soon exterminate the  "niachine und"necessltate~a~return agaln-  to hand labor. Now, it you tell me  oyu do not take these extreme views,  It Is a natural admission of the kernel  of my argument, for that is the light  in which It is certainly put before the  public mind by such embryo philosophers as yourself, Mr. Mortimer, and  a few of your associates. And it is  this very stumbling block that I tried  to point out at the beginning of this argument that has created the very  weapon so effectively usod by your enemies to bring a good cause Into ridicule. Presenting this matter In tho  above light constitutes tin understandable proposition to the average mind.  But these wild, ranting, unqualified assertions repels even the people who  would be your friends and fill the  minds of average citizens with  alarm, and such methods of discussing  these Intricate questions that have for  years puzzled such Intellectual giants  a? Mills. George, Spencer, Buskin, Car- j  lyle and others of. equal ability, must |  bring socialism into contempt in th  eyes of the very people you must con  vert If you are to be successful. And, i  now, especially to you, Mr. Mortimer, I  desire to say further and then I am  doiif with this discussion: I would rather be that fawning sycophant, you so  sarcastically described, seeking favors  at the hands of a liberal'government,  or - a brass-buttoned, swallow-tailed,  plug-hatted lackey, nosing around the  coat-tails of "Lord" Dunsmulr than a  selt-concelted, coxcombed, economic  rooster, strutting about on every platform, courting the applause of a few  economic echoes of Karl Marx, who  should long since have been expelled  from the British Columbia socialist  party, and driven into that nest of bughouse economic phonographs, known as  the Socialist Labor Party. Now, sir,  this language may perhaps be more  forceful than polished, but when a man  posing as the champion of even a good  cause, dogs my footsteps around the  country for the purpose of blackening  my character, common civility would  be common hypocrisy, and I am going  lo be honest with you, and hence  have no apology to make.  R. FOLEY.  Vancouver,  B.   C,  June 2,  IPOS.  TOO MUCH POLITICS.  To the Editor of The Isdki'ksdest.  Sir,���Are there not enough political  parties in British Columbia without  dragging our unions Into the political  arena as unions? No good member  will place his politics before the inter  ests of his union, then In the name of  heaven why bore him to death with  politics at the sessions of his union. I  don't believe the great question of capital vs. labor can be settled through politics. The work is an economic one,  and must be done bit by bit on the one-  setp-at-a-tlme" plan. This may take  iv. long time, but then 11 is the only  way. Political unionists or political  socialists I abhor, livery one is on pins  and needles in their presence.  MOSS   BACK.  Vancouver, B. C, June -1. 1903.  , **^****$4^;r^  HIRING MILL WORKERS.  To the Editor ot Tub Indktkxdent:  Sir,���I also ask, "What does this  mean?" I arrived In Calgary about a  week ago, and, when looking for work,  I. with a few others, met a gentleman  (?) by the name ot" McDonald, who  claimed to be hiring men for British Columbia mills. He told us to come to  Revelstoke and call al any ot the mill  offices where they would hire us to  work at oue of their mills or camps  on the lake at from $40 to $*i0 a month.  W,e had to pay our way down the lake.  We arrived here last Thursday evening and called at a sawmill oflice on  Friday, when we were told to be ready  to'go down the lake at S o'clock on  Saturday morning, but we had to pay  our way down. When we got down the  lake we were told that they had all the  men they wanted, but if we agreed to  work for a Chinaman's wages they  would give us something to do. Now,  there are hundreds of poor suckers  roaming around here looking for work  and finding none. If we can walk back  to Calgary and meet thut gentleman (?)  again we will, etc. Yours humbly,  ONI. OF THE POOR SUCKERS.  Revelstoke, B. C., June '2, 1903.  C.  A.  It.  TRACKMEN'S STRIKE.  Current issue of the AVinnipeg Voice  says that the maintenance of way men  on the Canada Atlantic railway liave  now been out eight weeks, although the  only apparent difference between the  men and the management Is 5c per day.  Needless to say that the real point in  the trouble is that the company lias  concluded to do, every thing possible to  avoid having to deal with the trackmen as a body. Public meetings have  recently been held in the principal  towns on the line of the railway. On  Thursday last there was a good meeting in the town of Pembrooke, at which  A. W. Puttee, M. P., was one of the  speakers. The meeting was opened by  Foreman Campbell, who had Just returned from Montreal where he had  been as one of the committees that hud  been, making terms with the C. 1'. R.  on behalf ot the whole ofTts mainteiw  ance of way men. He reported that a  very satisfactory agreement had been  entered into.  With this as a guide the niectliig  readily rcoiriniended the same course  to the C. A. R., and also passed n resolution asking for government Interference.  Representing -10,000 workingmen and  voters, the State Federation of Labor  of Virginia, on May 7, put itself on  record as heartily endorsing the couise  and public services ot Congressman  William Randolph Hearst, of New-  York.  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS.  All membtn ol Ibe K. C. 1. P. A. cm show Mils card.  Alkforlt when miking your purcbiies.  CNDOH*CD DY THC A    V. Or L.  Don't be Careless  Don't start your wheel on   the   new*  season's  work  without  a  thorough overhauling,  dt will add much to your comfort and security and will cost you but little.   i\Ve have a thoroughly up-to-date   4-  bicycle repair department.  Wm. HALPI1,126 Hastings St.  Stoves, Ranges and Kitchen Furniture.  &*k��>k��)k��'K��)k��^;k��:*��^^  Loggers' Supplies  SPECIAL    ALL - STBEL  WIRE ROPE SNATCH BLOCK.  ALLAN WHYTE & CO.'S  SPECIAL WIRE CORE LOCOING WIRE.  PLOUGH and CRUCIBLE STEEL'WIRE ROPE In all sizes and grades.  All kinds of loggers' tools and supplies. Camp Utensils, Etc.,  McLennan,  McFeely & Co*  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 1063.  FOR THE  Pruning Knives  Pruning Shears  Tree Pruners  Hand Sprayers  Step Ladders  Lawn Mowers  Garden Hose  Lawn Sprinklers  Lawn Rakes, Etc.  K'*&X-fyiT.V.'riV,f\Vrt\V.1.VA\9Ax9xt9,f.+  1  ���  ���  Individual description is ��  impossible, not enough > *  space to do that.   They $  must   be   seen, and  the ��  price tags will make no *  heavy drain on your j* *  pocket book.  ' %  |  Vancouver Hardware Co,,  339 Hastings Street'. |  ><^^(^tr��)t*��:-K��'t;^K��;K*XH^^��  ����(iX!)��������<.^^  ...CASCADE  " The Beer Without a Peer."  ��� ������  Brewed right here in Vancouver by men of years and years experience and in a brewery whose plant is the most perfect known to  the art of brewing, ls lt any wonder that lt has taken a place in  ���lhe hearts of the people which no other beer can supplant? o  $1.00 Dozen Pints  $2.00   "     Quarts  Brewed by  Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.  �� Vancouver, B. C.  ��        and for sale at all flrst-class Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels.      (���)  (S) ��  GXS)<IXS)��������������C!X^   You can get them here.   Our stock of MEN'S HATS Is worth seelng-  j-worth-looking-throughiCaretully. = = .   . __    We have your size, your style and at a price that will suit you.  $250/93, $350  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ��* CO.  10+ and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., OJ>|i. Wni. Ralph's.  If there is  Any Pleasure  in House-  cleaning  ���It 1? In laying away woolens  and blankets that have been laundered by the Pioneer Laundry.  Or In putting up curtains    that  have been through our hands.  TVo certainly do two things well  ���launder woolens.and curtains.  ONCTKIRD ACTUAL BIZC.  Steam Laundry  DIO7OI4 Richards Street. Tel. 316  llranch office in Arc&da  Tel. 1178.  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only during montha nnmed on right  hnnd corner nnd wlion properly simi'd ami  stamped with tho number ot tho Lucal,"  Advertise ln The Independent.  The  Welcome  324 Carrail Street  Throe doors-from-Hastings Street.  Telephone 1388.  Choice lines of- Confectionery, Fruits,-.  Soft Drinks and Ice Cream.  Refreshment Parlor���Tea, Coffee, Light'  Lunches.' .    .  PIPES, TOBACCOS, CIGARS.-.  Prompt service.  Open   till   midnight.-  GEO. C. HAMILTON.


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