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The Independent May 16, 1903

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Array i.fglslp.tive Llbr'y   Mar. 81|Ci  THE  ROYAL  BANK  fete OF   CANADA^  . . SAVINGS   BAN It .".""  A Gaaaral Banking Business           Traasaoted.  OFBICES-Haatliigs   Street,   W,  Wastmlaater Avenue, Vancouver.  BJiC FEKMANEftTJiLOAN AM  ��y.':i  SAVIMIS-CO.:  "Authorized Caplml  Subscribed Capital  }io,ooo,ooo  ���   1,600,000  enrAtsuts:Over_-" _.   ���_ ���    300,000  TloiidOllice732l"Cun'ible Street,-"  Vancouver, 11. C.  FOUKT11  YEAK.  VANCOUVER, 1>. O., SATUKDA Y.   MAY   IU,    I'miS.  WHOLE NO. KJ4.  il---  "What Is  ��As Viewed by Reynold's Weekly���Many Forces at Work���  '    Dissenting   Sections���The Outlook���Comments by  the London Times, H. M. Hyndman, Herbert Burrows���Socialism Not New. "   '.  There seems to be as many foi ees uf'provokes  amongst   the  stern   ami  uu-  tnu  wit;  socialism as there aie of the Christian  religion. Those who-profess the. socialist creed nre, therefore, manifestly  not ln accord. So, the enquiring outsider may very properly and modestly  ask. ,"What ls socialism?" Reynolds  prints an able article In" reply to this  question, and says that the bickerings  'among the socialistic-sects are not confined to the'old country. There it is  known that from the parent body, the  Social Democratic federation, a number of  Dissenting Sections  have sprung up, such ns the Independent Labor socialists and the Fabian  society, who as resolutely refuse to listen to overtures of amalgamation as  the sill-righteous coteries into which  the more Calvanistic lellglons are divided. But the same phenomenon exists ln France, Germany, Belgium and  Italy. We have had- Herr Bernstein  denounced by one section of German  fcocialists, and elected by another to  the reichstag. And now, to put the  linishing touch upon tlie' business, the  French socialists assembled in congress  at Bordeaux have adopted a resolution  refusing to expel M. Millerand, a former member of M. Waldeck-Rousseau's  cabinet. This is a tilumph of opportunist socialism, over the revolutionary  form, and it was M. Jaures himself who  threw the weight of lils influence on  the side of M. Millerand. It is but following the precedent set at the Frankfort congress which refused to condemn  Herr Von Vollmar, for holding somewhat similar opinions. It was at one  time," Indeed,' somewhat ot  U An Article of Faith      ~*  \th English socialists that they should  lie simply an educative body, and  should not waste their time on parliamentary contests. AU that has passed.  They.are now quite eager for the support of liberals, radicals and democrats  generally, either in their parliamentary  or local ambitions. They will accept  aid from any quarter and give nothing  In return. M. Jaures asserts that the  ������revolution of the street" has passed  away. And that Is the invariable history of all political bodies that, have  passed through a period of early tribulation and have come to be recognized  as holding a place among the "serious  forces of a settled community.  The London Times, as the organ of  the moneyed and landed classes, has  been generally conspicuous for the bitterness of its attacks.upon socialism  An article which has appeared huthat  journpl recently ls expressed with unusual moderation of opinion as regards  ��� " The Socialistic Outlook. ���  It says: ."By the mere fact that socialism has ceased to be the political faith  of a hopeless, aud therefore an enthusiastic, minority, and has grown into  -=the-aceeptod-polltlcal_creed.of_m_ilj,ions.  of voters of the chief states of the continent, socialism has been constrained  to soften not a few of its teachings,  and to adjust itself more or less to the  world as the world exists.' Opportunism is merely a manifestation of this  inevitable tendency. It ls the fruit of  the inherent disposition of practical  nien to compromise and to decide, ln  action If not In theory "that half a loaf  U better than no biead. The opportunists profess that they maintain their  principles Intact, il. .Millerand and.M.  Jaures alllrm that they are not less  orthodox than JI. Guesde and M. Herve.  Herr Vollmar maintains that his doctrine ls as uncontainlnated as that of  Herr Wlldberger and Herr Auerbach.  glgnor Turati yields ln nothing, so far as  theory is concerned, to the tevolutlon-  aries of Milan. But these men argue,  and argue with undeniable force, that  politics are after all' a practical business, and that In these days the only  practical way of transforming society  Is to transform it by legislation. The  working men, they point out, have the  power to effect this object by their  votes, while tliey would almost certainly fall to achieve it by descending  into the street, where other things  count besides mere numbers.  '   The resentment whicli  this attitude  bending  Disciples of the Old School nf Socialism  Is as natural, as the evolution Itself.  The heads of that school regard opportunism as an apostasy, and Its champions as renegades, uud tliey iilllrm  that .true socialists cannot much the  pitch of olllce without being deflled.  There is undoubtedly an element of  truth In their exhortations and predictions, lt Is a fact that as the opportunists take a larger share in public  life, whether iu or out,of ollice. experience and wider knowledge of men and  things necessarily lend to moderate  their opinions. They le.irn that most  questions have many sides, and the  knowledge tends to widen tlielr views  and to bring thein nearer to the views  of others. The really interesting question���a question which time and experience ulone can answer���is whether this  process of gradual modification i-i or  Is not destined to go far enough to  transform the socialist party as a  whole Into a form of advanced radicalism. In some countries and sections  thut result appears to have been al-  icady "achieved. In'Prussia, for example, many 'of the doctrines held by  the moderate socialists are baldly to  be distinguished from those which are  regaided as the commonplaces of radicalism amongst ourselves. Opportunism, consciously or unconcciously, promotes this process. - It remains-to be  seen whether the more violent'socialists will continue to tolerate it until it  has- permeated the masses ot .the party  with its piactleal views. ,  tn .i recent artlcle~tii -Justice.  Jlr. H. M. Hyndmau.  the leader of the English socialist  parly, seems to give some encouragement to the foregoing view. He says:  "Obviously, we have to work in the  world as we find it, and, although we  must retain our definite class-war principles and organization? it is as ridiculous to say that we must never co-operate wtih people who partly agiee with  us, as it is ruinous to sink ourselves in  a flabby sort of laborism which has no  principles that it can or dare formulate  and no policy which It is willing to  avow. "Laborism," with or without  liberalism, is not socialism, nor anything approaching to it. Imposslbllism,  with or without anarchism, is not socialism, nor anything appioachlng lt."  ' Mr. Herbert Burrows,  writing on the other hand, In the same  number of.the same paper, strikes an  altogether uncompromising note: "Not  only for the benefit of radical democrats, but also for the benellt of some  among ourselves, lt is well occasionally  to call to mind what Is the actual relation of social democracy to politics.  In spite of some wild Ideas and some  foolish talk, deliberately intended to  cloud-tlie-issue,-tliei.fact-_remains_that  since its foundation the S. D. F., like  all real social democratic parties, has  held one and a consistent view on this  question. .We are revolutionists because we want a complete revolutionary change hi the_ basis of the entire  social organism. We want to substitute public ownership, use,' management, and control of what we technically call the means of production, distribution, and 'exchange for private  ownership of these things. This marks  us off completely.from all other parties.  We are sill generis. Between us and  liberalism, trade unionism, co-operation  as ordinarily uuderstodd, laborism, radical democracy, and the like, there Is  In this respect an Impassable gulf  llxed."  It should be remembered that there  'a  Nothing New in Socialism,  except the name. Even that ls not bo  very .modern. There was a Christian  socialist Journal published ,In,England  in 1851, and the term wns quite well  known long before that date. But every  state since the foundation of- civilized  communities,' has been socialistic. It  is.Impossible to conceive ordered government without socialist elements. The  only new fact is that there is a demand  for the moi" rapid socializing of the  nntSnti<<. Nenily every act of modern  legislation Is iu the direction of socialism. Commerce, through trusts and  syndl.-aio.-i, is being socialized. The  ni-i)|iei-.-u!v>' movement marches ln the  snme iliri-i tto:i. The whole of our  municipal 1"�� Is a series of socialistic  experiments, liven public companies,  wllh thcir large roll ot shareholders,  are simply socialism,'limited. A club  In .i socialistic community, just as are  our workhouses, asylums, hospitals,  and postofllcc. Therefore, amid all the  contending and confusing schools and  methods ol socialism, one fact clearly  emerges, that socialism Is nothing but  evolution as applied to the body.politic  tlint lt cannot be much hastened, or  retarded: that. In the end. itiis a manifestation of the social environment, and  thut we should be all socialists if we  were nil endowed with the angelic  spirit.  U. B. It. I MASS  The Unioii men of the cw held a public demonstration nnd mass meeting  Wednesday night to re-aOirni their  sympathy with the U. B. R. E. and allied Unions' strike. The demonstration  started with a tcirch-Iight procession  from the Union hall lo the city hall.  A large number of Union men weie in  line for this and the route was crowded  with spectators. A number of torches;  were carried, nlso banners bearing |  varied Inscriptions, the llrst being "In I  memory of our murdered Brother".  There were also "Our next strike Is at  the polls": "C, P. It.'methods, shoot tlio  Strikers" "The muzzled Press": "Labor,  lihe capital, is Intel national" etc.  On arriving nt the City Hall President Lamrick of the Trades and Labor  Council took the chair and called upon  several prominent labor representatives  present to address the meeting. President Estes, of the U. P.. K. F... caused  a slight sensation by stating that the  C. P. R. had a "spotter" fiom Victoria  present- In* the meeting. In a second  half the men In the room were on their  .feet and^-rles of "Throw lilm out" etc.  were heard on all sides. The audience  however, failed to locate the alleged  "spotter" and quietness was soou restored.  President Lamrick In opening the  meeting Intimated that it had been called to show the appreciation of the  workers of the city of the stand  taken by the U. B. It. E. and lhe kindred Unions in the present strike and  alsoa to show sympathy with tbem;  sympathy with them in tliu claim to the  right to live and organize, for that was  all the men asked for. One of the  traceries on the platform s.ild "Labor  like Capital, Is International". That was  correct; capital had no hounds neither  had lnbor. When promoters were about  to organize a company, the.v did not  restrict themselves to one countiy In  which to secure capital but went  abroad for It. So It was with labor; Its  Interests ��� were not restricted to one  country. 'Labor was interuiitlumtl.  It had no bounds and one object of this  meeting was to show that they were determined to stand by their national and  international unions.  Mr. J. E. Bird was the llrst speaker  called upon.     After    referilng    to the  splendid showing made by the union  men In the parade, he applied thc remark of the grout English labor leader, Mr. John Burns, M. P., "Industrial  America ls Hell with the Ud olT". In  British Columbia it wns not quite so  bnd; lt was "Hull with the Ud on". The  lid occasionally lifted heie, however,  and let loose nu unpleasant stink  which had been evidenced by the recent  strikes nt Fernle. In the Vancouver Island mines etc. The question was "what  Is tho remedy'.' Wan It In politics."  There seemed Just now but little difference between the Liberals und Connor-  vatlves. At Victoria nil they saw was  an unseemly strife for olllce. If Ihey  did not return such men then lho fnull  was with them alone. Helen lug to lhe  strike Mr. Bird spoke of the ponding  visit of Sir Thomas SliiuiKlinossy during which a settlement might be proposed. He urged them, If strong enough  to fight him to a llnlsh, till their last  demands were conceded.  tlu'ir rn.hts mid "to the Devil with the  Government which lefuses to protect  you in doir.g so", P.especting the piesent strike Mr. Foley said lie knew positively that the Canadian Paclllc Kail-  way had deliberately tried to crush the  met; and had discriminated against  them. In Justification of labor affiliating with aliens, the speaker instanced the several ways In which capital tifllliates with alien countries. The  C. P. R. had an afliliatlon with the  Northern and Great Northern railways  ln the matter of freight rates. During  the trackmen's strike the C. P. R. had  sent agents to Boston, New York and  elsewhere to secure foreign workmen.  Italians had also been secured to iill  the places of the strikers and had been  compelled to work under threats of violence from armed guards. During the  Siocan miners' strike aliens had been  Imported by the mine-owners to blacken the names of the leaders ot that  strike. The' capitalists also sent to  California, Michigan and Missouri to  secure alien labor to replace the Canadian miners and lob them of their just  employment.  During the Le Hoi and Centre Star  lock-out ut Rossland 30 alien police and  detectives had been imported  to guard the mines and intimidate the  mineis. Alien miners had also been  Imported and the sanitation, customs  and mail department men ln the Government service had aided this importation. At the Lc Roi mine to-day,  any man seeking employment was sub-  jeoiod to a severe examination as to  his antecedents etc., which was part of  the system in force in order to maintain ii "black list" from Canada to the  Gulf of Mexico. If the mine-owners  could, aided by the Government and  contrary to the law, import alien labor  to supplant Canadians, surely to God  the workingmen of Canada were justified In atlillating with the Western  Federation of Miners or otlier international unions In aiming to protect  themselves.  M'r. Foley also referred to the importation.of Japanese by those interested  in the salmon canning.industry and re'-'  marked, "If .the' -canners, can'.import  Ji'ipU surely' tiV'tlo'd' iv'e~Jan"'*Snilliite  with International organizations in  order to protect ourselves". He also  stated that the C. P. 11. had tried to  divert trade from the Canadian ports  of Halifax and St. John to Portland  nnd Boston and made some scathing remarks about the local press which had,  he alleged, been endeavoring to make  heroes ot "scabs". In his opinion  "scabs" were in the field'of labor what  cowards were on lhe battle field.  9  Strike at Montreal  Italian,  Syrian and Armenian Non-Unionists Will Be Replaced by   Unionists ��� Vicc-Pres. O'Neil  Speaks  ���Officials Thankca���Kalph Smith's  Speech in the Commons.  '.Messrs. John Mortimer and Francis  Williams, of the Tailors' union, spoke  at cinisiderabU' length in" their usual  good form, exhoitlng the stiikeis to be  (Inn and not "scab."  .Mr. Brooks, of the U. B. U. E.. spoke  bi lolly uud encouraged the stiikeis to  hold together.'  .President Geo. Estes stated that  the talk ot a .settlement which had been  heard lately was entirely unauthorized  by the Executive which knew nothing  nt all of anything of the sort. The  strike wns still un and the C. P. K. was  still paying advanced wages and furnishing iiiouls to Its Imported assistants.  Mr. Eslos reviewed the pi ogress of the  stiiko, giving tlio numbers of those still  out and spoko of the employment and  arming of specials by the Canadian  I'aoHIc Itallwny nnd oilier matters of  detail Interest thai have arisen during  the striko.  Tho 'longshoreniui'.s strike at Montreal ended at 11 o'clock on Monday.  In all respects It was considered a victory for the strikers, who have returned to their lormer positions.  The shipping interests will abolish the  Independent labor bureau and the  men will get an increase of about '10  per cent, in wages. Unioii men will not  be subject to discrimination, but they  must allowjthe engagement of all other  non-union men.  Five hundred Union 'longshoiomen  went to work at the haibor front in the  afternoon, and mixed among the non-  unionists who have been working during the period of the strike.  A very large percentage of the  non-unionists consists of Italians,  Syrians and Armenians, whose work  is unsatisfactory In handling cargoes.  They will probably be replaced by men  accustomed to the work.  At their meeting this morning the  men did not take llfteen minutes to  accept the terms drawn up on Sunday at mid-night. There were 3,000  men in Bonsecours Market hall Monday  morning when their leader read the  proposal for a settlement. It was read  In English and then in French.  "Does it meet with your approval?"  Mr. O'Neil cried.  "It does," and C'est correct," responded 3,000 throats, and they hurried away  amid cheers to the Board of Trade  building to meet Sir Thomas Shaugh-  nessy and'.the others in waiting. Here  the mid-night document of Sunday was  finally ratified. '.-.. ,���,..'.,, -.  J ;Whl!e^the 'longshoremen���'��� have gone  'to' work1 btlsluess"at tlie' uoclis'wlirbe  congested until the teamsters* strike is  settled, but it ls expected that they  will return to work shortly, pending  a settlement of their differences, which  involves Increased wages and union  recognition.  Employers retain the right to employ men according to merit.  Union loaders will not be peiinitted  to visit men working.  Old employees to receive llrst considei atlon.  i  Hepresentntlves of the men to have  the right to submit grievances before  the steamship companies.  Increased scale of wages us agreed upon previously.  Agreement to lie for the year TJ02.  Abolition of ihe Independent labor  bureau.  Attar the settlement Mr. Piers Davidson, legal adviser for the shipping interests, gave out  this statement:  "We are satisfied with the settlement  as a whole, and consider that if its  terms and spirit are lived up to there  will be no further friction upon the  docks. The Union has not been recognised, and the principle of free labor  has been maintained. The Labor Bureau remains open, though Union men  are not required to sign at the Bureau.  Old employees, whether Union or nonunion, will receive first consideration,  as respects the vacancies now open."  Mr. J. G. O'Neil. Vice-President of  the International Union, who led the  strikers said: l���,  "I think the settlement of the strike  Is a very satisfactory one and fair  to both parties. One good result from  the strike, in addition to the substantial increase In the men's pay, is that  ic has brought the 'longshoremen and  Mr. Chris Foley spoke nt considerable  question of international labor unions  and the right of the men to Join them.  Labor had as much right to seek aid  in international co-operation as capital  had and to fight for Its rights. Let  workingmen stick   to their fight   for  Tho chairman rend u lottor from Mr.  I'. Wilson, ,K. C, regretting his inability In bi' present and oxpiesslng the  hope that n mitlsfiu'tiiry and honorable  arraiigoiiii'iit for tho ti'rmluatlon of the  strike might noon bo arrived ut.  Ilolore tin- iinvllng adjourned a resolution ooiillitiilng Um sympathy with the  If. 11. It. M.. wiih unanimously pnssed  uud n i-olloi'iloii uim taken up in aid of  tho xtrlkvi'N.  IUO H. II. OF lt. I'l. STltlKi:.  Tho advisory couimliteo nf the  II. lt, of lt. H. strike adjourned Its  mooting Thursday night to moot tonight (Haturday) In Union hall. A full  ulloniliince Is ri'quoslod as tlio meeting  will   be   Important.  III'IIOIjSTHIIHKS' UNION.  Tho local upholsterers formally organized on Thursduy night. President  Lamrick, of tho Tindes and Labor  Council, was piwont and Installed the  oillcers. The now union stnrts out practically with a full membership.  the shipping interests closer together.  Each side has learned to know and  respect the other, and it will prevent  much trouble in the future. Personally  I am opposed to strikes, on account of  the disturbance to business, but I consider this one to have been absolutely  necessary, under the circumstances. It  was a hard fight, but It is over, and  thc men have returned to work well  satlstled:"  The Canadian Pacific President did  not take a personal hand In the dispute  until Sunday, and he quickly expressed the opinion that the wearing of Union buttons aud some other matters involved were too trivial to have the port  tied up.  The oillcers of the union wish to  thank the following gentlemen for the  part tliey took in brining about the settlement Monday: Sir Thos. Shaugh-  nessy, Sir William Mulock, Mr. J. I.  Tarte and Mr. Kobert BIckerdike, JI.  P.  The following Is the basis of the settlement:  Union or non-union men are not to  be discriminated against by foremen.  The men have secured the right to  wear Union buttons.  Workmen molesting others to be discharged, whether Unioii or non-union.  Though the 'longshoremen's strike  has been settled, the Teamsters' I'nion.'-  which went out on a sympathetic strike  because Its nieiiibers were asked to haul  goods handled b.v non-union men, decided to remain on strike, to-night until the employers grant recognition of  the Union. About SOO men aro affected. '.        ���  RALPH SMITH SPEAKS.   .  On Wednesday, -May (ith, in tlie  Houso of Commons the 'Longshoremen's strike at Jlonu-eal came up for  discussion, when Ralph Smith. M. P..  spoke us follows:  "Jlr. Speaker. I deplore the'existence  of  Industrial  struggles, such as  those  going,on In .Montreal und In other parts  of the country,   Just as much as any  lion,  gentleman  In  this house.   But I  want to say that, so long as lion, membeis of this house are not prepared t(j,  assume that some fault may be found  on both sides In this struggle, so long   '  will 'affairs' remain In the.present-con- '  dltlon.'Now, sir.-; these people have rea- ���  son for the position'that they take" If  is true,  their reasons  may not always  be good reasons. But. when large bodies'  of men who depend not upon a bank,  account, but upon each dollar as lt Is  earned   as  a. dally  wage,  without any  .  prospect of maintaining a living whilst '  on  strike,   take  the  course  that   these  men have taken, we may depend upon  it they have some leason for entering  upon such a struggle. Now a great deal  has been said, Including what has beou  said by   the   hon. member for   North  Norfolk OMr. Charlton), with regard to  outside agitation. ��� I do not think  the  position taken on that matter b.v thesr  hon. gentlemen is a. fair position at all.  How would the hon. member for North  Norfolk like It If I were to demonstrate  to him thut  Alien Capitalists.  in this country had provoked strikes by  their tyranny and oppression? So long  as tlie hon. member objects to the doctrine that the individual labourer is not  entitled to come to this country and have a voice in these  sociological questions here without being considered an agitator, what  is he to say when the capitalist employ-  er.-w'ho-is an alien.-secks to oppress and ���  tyrannize over our people by;,lils  method of carrying on business? Now,  there are two sides to this question. I  do not believe in strikes. I want to say  that I have been associated for many  years as a leader of a labor movement,  and I have never yet been In a single  strike, I have alweys used my Influence  against strikes. But I want to remind  lion, gentlemen in this house that there  are national strikes, that there ls the  strike of war, that there is the position  taken by one nation against the other���  and even the modern method of settling these questions ultimately is for the  parties to take up arms against each  other and demand their rights. That  being so. It must be easy for lion, gen- ���  tlemen to concede that labor and capital���and llabor especially, which  Lives In Dependence  upon the exercise of its force for a dally  wage���is entitled to adopt that method,  so long as, in doing so. It does not, interfere with the constitution and with  the laws of this countiy. I do not think  I would hnder any circumstances be  inclined to permit an alien agitator to  come to this country and dictate to me  as to what were the proper conditions  (Continued on Pago Three]. �� - XV. SJjr'isT^XPinwr-TSiJL.'ii-ItK'J*  THE lM>fi]'ENI)liN 1".  SATURDAY JIAY IC, 1303  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   T1I10    INTERESTS OP THB .MASSES  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTINH COMPANY.  ^.j.;^^^.;;^*;.^:!^^^  BASEMENT  OP  ELACK   BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSC1UITIONS IN ADVANCE.  A week, 3 cents; month, 1.*, coins: throe  months,  i"i cents;   six  niontlis,  "<i  cents;  one year, $1.00.  ENDORSED BY THE  TRADES & LABOR COUNCIL OF VANCOUVER,  TRADES ��: LABOR COUNCIL OP VICTORIA.  VANCOUVER   BUILDING   TRADES  COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be had  st Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY -MAY IB, 11103  Vancouver   now   has   newspapers   to  burn.  Preparation should be commenced for  Labor Dny.  Lost mcinoiy restored. For tonus apply  to John Oliver, fanner. Delta.  ' Up to tin1 hour of going in press Mr.  Wells has decidedly tho host of the argument.  Prior and .Mcinnes don't seem to be  .in it those lively times. Are ihelr stars  ivuninc?  Can any one Iind a badly lost memory? Whon found return to Jlr. Cl.  Mc-L. Blown, present address, Victoria.  Isn't it about time that Justice Wal-  1-c.ni was superannuated. His failing  health and yours would suggest this,  if for no other reason.  Even the poor old  family cow  is up  against  competition  those  times.    The  manufacturers   of   oh-omargerliie   have  'formed :i   trust.  THE PEOPLE'S PRAYER.  God, liivt'iis inen!    A iiim' likt* this cIciikuhU  Strong minds, great iiciirts. true fiiith and   ready  hands;  Men whom tho hist of office docs not kill  Men whom the spoils of ollice can-not buy:  Men who possess opinions and a will;  Men who have honor: men who will not lie:  Men who can stand before a demagogue  And damn his   treacherous   llattoring   without  winking:  Tall men. sun crowned, who live above the fog  ln public duty and in private thinking.  Por   while  tlie   rabble  with    their   thum-worn  creeds,  Tlieir large profession and their little deeds,  Mingle in selfish strife: lo!  Freedom weeps,  Wrong rules the land, and waiting Justice sleeps.  ���./. (V. Holland.  :+X9X9X9X9X9^9i��i9^9^0^^X9��9X9X9X^^^^  9  9  ���  ?.  $  ���  ���  t  9  $  ���Ai  9  ���a  9  ���  ���  ;tt  ���  that  they didn't sooner or  later come  off victorious.  Attorney-General Eberts the other  day in the legislature tried to dig up a  scrap with Smith Curtis. In fact, it  is asserted, he offered the latter $30 if  lu- would come outside, whicli offer was  rormpliy accepted. The member from  Rossland is several ot thc Jones family  rolled into one when messed up.  "Not -10���only IS or 19," said one Victoria, gentleman to another Victoria  gentleman the other day. when they  were discussing a nice little proposal  made by one of tliem for a deal nt the  public expense, Involving only n lew  millions. Did either of tlieni dream of  AH   llnba  Uiat night'.'  Geo.  Mi-L. Brown should gel a card  with    the    words    "1    don't   recollect"  printed on it.   It would save a tremendous strain on his vocal cords.  o           A good deal of ancient history has  been brought om nt Victoria b.v the  labor commission regarding strikes.  .More up-to-date matter is what is  wanted.  "Vote as you strike." Were all the  meii in the torchlight procession Wednesday night to vote solid they could  elect any ticket to public ollice put up  in   Vancouver.   .  The C. J*. I!, arc now endeavoring io  establish n case whereby tliey may take  the C. and XV. land grants into court  and thus secure thim by some of the  many mysterious and devious ways of  the law.  The Western Clarion, ilie local socialist organ, has its new signs painted In  red. "We'll paini the town a bright  Vermillion, -too," says "Parm." Mnybo  the fiendish deed will be done to-night,  for ought we know.  The city once upon a time refused to  pay S-'i.OOO for the Union SS. dock. Will  they again throw away a chance of obtaining a valuable water front by refusing to take over the mud Hats in  False creek from Messrs. 'P.urnetl and  Kelly?  There should be n .shipment to Victoria shortly of the proverbial "stack  _of Bibles." They'll all Iio needed to  make the public believe that certain  gentlemen handed back deeds worth  millions to a hesitating donor without  asking for a line of receipt.  The International Typograhpical union are hot-foot after the Los Angeles  Times, one of the very few "rat" newspapers In America. That they will get  Its' scalp Is assured by thc fact that  they never seriously undertook a fight  John Oliver, M. L. A., has rendered  Sliest service in bringing to light, the  scandalous and criminal transactions  in connection with the C. and XV. land  giants. Last year Smith Curtis showed  up un equally vicious ulfuir, but our  K^islatois and people are so immune  to jobbery that it was passed over like  a nasty dream.  Striker���Vour anonymous loner is too  personal for publication. We thank  you, nevertheless, for your kind lOinpli-  nient on Ihe fairness of our reports.  That the U. 11. of'It. K. is, as you say,  a socialist organization rather than u  union, and that you yourself nre not  ;: socialist, is none of our business, and  we dnn'i propose to poke our nose In  family rpinrrels. No, we have never  denied our space to a labor union.���Ed.  C'H'.-1'CIl SERVICE.  Central Congregational church, Homer street���Services at 11 a. in.,and  7.30 p. in.; Rev. XV. 3. 'Hlndley, minister. .Morning subject���"A Review of  the Pacific Coast Congress of Congregational Churches." Evening address���  ���'Linos Engaged Just Now,-- being the  third address ill the series entitled  "Sayings of the Busy World Applied  to Character."  JOH'N   E. EVANS,  iPrnvineial   manager    Union    Mutual  Life Insurance  company,  is in   receipt  of the following card  ol' thanks  from  Victoria,  P.. C:  Victoria. H. C. May S, 100.!.  Union Mutual Life Insurance Company, Portland Maine:  Derii- Sirs.���I am to-day in receipt,  thiougli .ifnur local agent, of draft in  payment of policies 10,").11!M and 151,SS.">  in the life of my hue husband. Fred.  Cole. Although no premiums have been  paid on policy No. 103,1131 since 1S95.  it  Wanted  SAWYERS  Two No. I upright machine shingle sawyers; Dunbar machine; 16 cents per  thousand; good average timber; run night and clay.   ���  BURLINGTON MILL CO.  Burlington, Wash.  the CITY BIOTEL  It. ASBECK, Proprietor.   ~ .'"*'  ���19-Powell Street, VANCOUVBK, 13. C.  Terms $1.00 per day.  The OZONAGRAM  is published nf  11:1 HASTINGS STUEET "WEST,  VANCOUVER, P.. C.  ll arises every Saturday morning,  and is soul to any address on this  broad continent for SI a year.  A limited number of ads. are always  aceoMable.  You will miss something if you do  not  Read It To-Day  g's I  111;: IIaktini.- Street Hast,  Ior the must delicious ICC CREAM,  lervcdin lhe cli'iinohi, bri^luc-i anil  airiest fiai'lor in the city.  ���JH**K*:-!j*3��iK*?K��3(***S*5H*}fc  being over seven years In arrears, still  your coiiipaiij settled tills claim Immediately upon the tiling- of the claim  papers, which speaks vo'uinos for your  excellent "Maine Non-Forfeiture Law."  T am. yours very truly,  (Signed) EMMA  COLE.  Motel North Vancouver, finest summer resort on the coast. Overlooking  Burrard Inlet.   Rates moderate.  HO! FOR NAXAIMO!  The Sons of England ot Vancouver  have chartered the steamer Joan for  an excursion on .May Hjth to Nanaimo  and return. The fare will be, adults,  SI. children. f>0 cents. This trip lias  now become an annual affair and will  be well patronized. Only a limited  number of tickets have been issued, so  procure Iliem Immediately from any S.  of 15. member and  the committee.  , ^++4^++++++^++++ ++  at  i  i  9  9  '���      H_.       ��� BVVKVIl. ��� 9 A  t      Tbe Jeweler and   Diamond   Merchant      f  I COK. GRANVILLE AND HASTINGS STRLETS. 4}  9     Offlolal Watch Inspootor of tbe C F. S. 9  ++19+++++++++.+0 090 0009+0009000++++ +  LAPOU  LITBIIATU1SE.  All workingmen and others should  read the following pamphlets Issued by  the American Federation of Labor:  ^Qi-gunizeri_Luboi-._I_ts Slruggl_es._Its  Enemies, and Pool Friends, by Samuel  (lumpers.  Some Iteasons for Chinese Exclusion.  History of Trade Unions, by Wm.  Trnnt and P. .1. 'MeC.ulre.  ���Eight Hour Primer, by den. E. McNeill.  Economic and Social Importance of  lhe Eight-hour Movement, by Geo.  Clinton.  Philosophy of tho Eight-hour Move-  inoni,   by .Lemuel   O.inryld.  Eight-hour Workday, by Samuel  (lompers.  ���What Does Labor Want, by Samuel  ('oinpers.  Philosophy of Trade Unions, by Dyer  D.   Lnm.  The "PhllOMiphy nf the Labor Movement," by rion. E. McNeill.  "What laibor Could Do, by John Swin-  lon.  The Safety of the Future Lies In Organized Labor, by  Henry 11.  Lloyd.  Universal Education., b.v Senator  Henry XV. TSInir.  Condition of Women Workers, hy Ira  M. Van Etten. 0  Why We Unite.  Report of Discussion on Political Program, .Denver Convention, ISM.  No Compulsory Arbitration, by Samuel Gompers.  TO HAVE  THE  LARGEST CHOICE  OF THE  PRETTIEST  WASH FABRICS  FOR  SPRING  AND  SUMMER  DRESSES  YOU  MUST CALL  AT  170   Cordova    St.,   Vancouver.  We reach wherever the malls  reach.  akes a  ������"���" 99^^^���W.9l^ �����������"�����������������"����������  Patronize the  Blue Label  BRANDS"  B. C-  u  Cigar Factory  NEW WESTMINSTER.  PHONE  I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts,  All kinds of work in this line promptly attended to.  On FRIDAY. MAY 1ST, of Millinery and Dry Goods. MILLINERY,  the latest styles from Toronto. My  stock is new and prices to suit customers in every line���not excelled in  the city. LADIES CORDIALLY  INVITED.  W. W. MERKLEY  SOT WESTMINSTER AVENUE.  ���������������������������������������������������������������a  Columbia  Hotel  TS CORDOVA  STUEET. *  Under new management. Dining  Room Unsurpassed. Everything Newly Renovatedr^-RATES���$l-"a-Duyr Special Rate by the Week. Louis Adams  and James Guthrie. Proprietors.  PHOTOS FROM  The King Studio  301 HASTINGS  STREET.  (Next Arcade), have an excellence that  please nnd nre dally winning favor.  It will be to your own Interest to Inspect our work and compare prices.  ���PHONE 104C.  WORKERS UNION  Tli-.  UNIONS SIAMP  factory No.  Buy and wear union stamp shoes,  and thus protect the labor movement  against Independent and hostile factions that retard the recognized trade  union.  The union stamp on shoes ls found  on the sole, insole or lining of all union  made shoes. Shoes without the stamp  are convict, non-union or unfair. ���  Patronize the labels of all crafts.  Demand the Retail Clerks' union card  in all stores.  to test the wearing quality of a stocking. If it's possible to kick a  hole In thorn he will do it. BLACK CAT HOSE gives hlni the hardest struggle to wear them mil he ever had. Every stitch defies rough wear. They  are double at tbo knees, the heels, the toes, giving long life and perfect satis-  faction. PRICES 21ie and 10c. We are the sole agents in this city for Boys'  Black Cat  Hose.    Everything In boys' wear at  CLUBS   &   STEWART,  Telephone 702.  309 to 315 Hastings St. \V.  9++ + + + + + +++ + + + + + ++++ + 0 ++ ++-++��� +++++++  i:      WHAT'S THE USE  n  n  of hurrying about buying Life Insurance bo many men think and ��ay. At  least two strong reasons are: Go od health ia uncertain; increased cost la  certain.  What's  the use o( waiting might better ba Midi  UNION MUTUAL   POLICIES  may be depended upon to protect throughout tha varying experiences    of  human life, to faithfully guard tile interests    at the     insured, and to be  promptly coBhed when tbey become payable.    Values and privileges abound  and   ore   conveniently   available.  Detailed facts gladly furnished.  After three years the Union Mutual Policies do sot Income void by failure  to pay premiums, the Main Non-Forfeiture "aw without action of the  Policy-holder, continuing the Insurance for a Specified length of time.  <��  O  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo :  PORTLAND, MAINE. -    Incorporated 1848.  Call or 'write for particulars and plane  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  COLIN  CAMERON,  Special Agent.  ++ + + +++. + + + ++ + ++++ +000000 000000+ + + * ' t  Commercial  CORNER   HASTINGS   AND     CAMBIE  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  0New, modern and strictly first-class;  good sample rooms; freo 'bus. Week  days���Breakfast, 7 to 10 a. m., lunch  12 m. to 2 p. m., dinnor, 6 to 8 p. in.  Sundays���Breakfast 7 30 to 10:30 a.  m., lunch 12:30 to 2 p. m., dinnor, 5:30  to 7:30 p. m. Kates t'2 und upwards  per day. HAYWOOD & PRESCOTT,  Proprietors.  Meeting.  F. O. B.���VANCOUVER AEHIB, No. 9,  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren welcome.    Bert Parsons, W.  P.: J. G. Ure, W. 3., Arcade.  Tbe  310-312 AB110TT STREET, VANCOUVER. B. C.  Restaurant and llur. Ureakfast 6 to  10, merchants' lunch 11 to 2, 25c; dinner 5 to S. 25c; lunches put up; eastern and Olympian oysters; short orders a specialty tit all hours;  moal. tickets f-4; best 25c. meal- in tho  city.     I).  BURTON. Proprietor.  The"  319 SEYMOUR STREET,  VANCOUVER.  Having the only up-to-date grill room  in British Columbia, which in itself ls a  guarantee of a first-class hotel and restaurant. Business Men's LUNCH, from  12 in. to 2:30 p. m., only 25 conts.  CORNER   CORDOVA   AND   CATCHALL  STREETS,   VANCOUVER.  Makes a specialty of Dowar's special  liqueur, also Usher's black label llqbour  whiskey. Large stock of imported and  domestic cigars. Finest billiard and  pool tables. R.     n.    MULLIGAN &  CO.,  Proprietors.  4*fo      Vancouver's    rioiu-i-r    Clot hoc  GEO. HAY   : |  Renovator. inHkci. h   imt new.  Dyeing and Repairing.  21G Cam in r St., Va*.'<*iiivkk.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injurv  Health when you use  the  The, price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  ' Streets.  sasoeooocsoceeoeooaeooa  DELICIOUS WINE  Made Exclusively feom B. C. Fecit.  FRESH CUT FLOWERS.   UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip around thc  PnrE cftll ou  Wit     lnn(l.  Brockton Point  ��� IF. tf UIJC9     Lighthouse      g  ooseesaoaoeeosesoooeoao  xyjAp>M&iwi&i  Importers and  Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.      '  SOLE AGKNXS.  LANE.  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE  Transcontinental Passenger , Train  loaves dnlly nt 14 o'clock.  Seattle and Whatcom Express leave*  dally at 8:50  o'clock.  STEAMSHIPS  TO' JAPAN   AND   CHINA.  Empress or China May 4  lOmpress of India May 25  TO HONOLULU,  FIJI ISLANDS  AND  'AUSTRALIA.  MIowcrn .... : May 1  Aorangl  May 29  Moana .... .' June 26  And every four weeka thereafter.  For full particulars aa to time, rates,  etc., apply to   "  E. J. COYLB, JAa SCLATER.  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B, C.    428 Hnstrngu fit  '   VOBoouver, B.CL .SATURDAY........ MAY 16, 1903
THE IN DEPKNDExNT.
1*     tLF9
Successor to Avenue Crockery Company.
The place to get values in
CROCKERY, GLASSWARE,
ENAMELED IRON AND TINWARE.
■ % ,'■- '■ A full stock of Paints going at cost.
'$ "      ■''.-• ''•'. *
>:  Telephone 931. 438 Westminster Avenue. $
I
Our Victoria Budgfet,
By Our? Own Corres|>oi>dent.
J'.. Three great movements'-have-  been
;' brought into ^existence for Improving
the conditions of life of the worklng-
,-,'.'.'.•men and women.   The three'movements
—co-operation:trades unionism and socialism—will go on developing abreast
•-"'■.of each other, each aiming at and Imping for the attainment of theideal conditionof"society  they  have .pictured..
. : These, Ideals will be realized sooner or
'later, at an early? period or; a? very re-
■y riiote one, according to the moral dis-
'.*.?'. clpline,  the Industry'-'and .the?  intelll-
-?;gence?of the people.   If the people continue apathetic, with regard to the educational facilities, wlilch are , open',, to
them (for tlie,social question is( at root
•'an 'educational  question), iif?they  are
indolent with regard to their duties as,
. .'citizens;, if  they, neglect  the opportunities for ?using their leisure wlthad-
? .;•■ vantage, the realization of these:bright
.ideals will be?yet?a. long way off, nnd
. ?' must be left to generations yet unborn.
?But If7"on:tiie,other hand worltiiigmeii'
.? will .devote .thelr-lelsure? In endeavoring
..■■ to.obtain 7iv;ciear< understanding.; of -'.tlio.
'■■; .social? and industrial problems /that;af-
/fect/their lives,' In Increasing 'tlieir? in-
""tolligeriee: ?'in? .':acquiring'.,.':the/;? power
?  -which? knowledge gives;? live less for self
aiid ..less ..for the present. day,?).then .the
??realization of?these?ideals?iiiay''be?mueh
'.'nearer' attainment:,than'.we .think.;.?
?:?./7?V;?,7C.klBDXTERS'':!^^
.v.Tli'.e carpenters?are 'on the ?verg"e" of
V/a/sett lenient;; with' tiie builders,in the
• ? strike .''.which.;?, lias;been'-;. waged A.t biV.a
??? higher,wage? ?-7Tlie?'maiii? differences; be-
■■;■ tweeii; the employers ,'■' and "/employees
/jiaye/beeii;adjusted, /and/spme/'.iilinpr
... ?points wiitcii still'-, remain'are/expected
■•v. -. M.,- -   ///.'.:.,....,.......;. ■ '.- ... -   ■■■•-;  -; :y. *■   :....■:■:
•■'. to;',be settled7when; the .liieetlng:.of the;
-builders  takes'/place/??tills???(Saturday)
AlevVniniriXXAXXiX-XXXyJlXy.iyifi-'t.
must necessarily be an expert slave
driver. 'He has no respect for age or
Infirmity, no human .-sympathy, and
would as soon discharge,a man• from
work ,.wlio was incapable; of filling the
bill according to, his standard of ;ellgi-
bllity, even though the poor wretch suffered from7 sheer .weakness i.7f rom the
lack of nourishment. Happily,for .mankind .'..the contract or? profit system-:is
nearing.lts.eiid. ?     ..7?//:J''X•??/ /7?,:;7/
//;,;;?.. BLACKS J I i TH S'•
At-? a [special .^meeting
/STRIKE:?;.?,/?,;
;pf 7 the, muster
VVblacksmlths?. ii? vote/was ?taken?V'as.to
. Vwhet,hei%;orV?not-Vth^7?\vpuld"'; rbppgnize
7- the? demanfls;;.of;-?tHe7?'uniori?;7?!fo'r? higher
w'liges./.There was ii ■.'mnjorityrpfjTfly.e
:V?vbtes? for ^settlement? in. favor of the,
•iiiii'on, ?so; that'the str!keVth'at:?lias been
;??dh''fdr.?!th.e,; .past? six .weeks..is? .declared.
Vi6ltV?:rnsteaa?;of?;tlie;7,iioi'seshoers??7-and
■'' :firemen:getting $ 17 "for 6ft. hburs'.??\york,;
-they7w'ill?;nb\\V.recelvQ;$lS..foi'.6iV,hpurs,
7---,arid.the?flpormen wlll.rece.iye'SiS for?51
'■' ;hours,lnstead?bf S15 foi- CO, ';liours'_ work
...?as/previously?given?-',;.-.? • '■■;■■ ?-,/?. /??:;..
JilXy. v.CONTIt'ACT, SYSTEM.? ;.?:-,';-"--';??'
V?? Tlie?..contract?;systeiii7Is? one?.of■.-tlie
?;?;?iurses:br? t)ie?:ag;e^?yet7 people; adhere 7to
'A? it; lii" hopes .'.of saying ;a7dolini-,??kno\viiig
? /fiiii-'well'that'/their'?^
?:?;miscarry;:';it/is; astorilsiiliig the7inhu-
/'nian propensities? it generates. In /indi-.
- viduai.s.:wii'o  unfortunately- embark,'?ln
•the-business.: r*l^he7,iiiosigeiierous'?'and
V >kliid 'hearted,niari;.!s by/continued /at-,
;  ?teiitibn;?to' contract ing, even Lfpr/a; brief,
• period?. transformed into a ??vei-itable
?■;/brute,'?/It? is 'strange; that/the/propeii-?
^sititir^^sb^acquired^lvaiig^^to-a—man=
. liirough/life.   .A 'successful contractor
»••••••••••!•••••••••«
? ALL UNION MINERS
SHOULD WEAR THE?
• Special ^'Miners" Over
alls, Jumpers and
Smocks.
9
a
,9
9
.9
9
9
0
9
91
.9
9
■■•'■
9
made of fullwelght denim, double
stitched andrlveted, high? walst-
ed, "roomy seated, iron wear.
Made by   : 7 ?/?'
J-'-'i,-THE-'//??'' "XI
ft
XX-"yyl-.J (LIMITED.)  ' :-'?,??  ■'.
The oldest 'Union Overall . Fac-
V.//lory/in the??W'est:,7 7
/ HAW'5 BLOCK, WINNIPEoi MAN.
. •
9
-"',0.
- •
:9
9
ft
9
ft
9
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9
9
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9
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9
• •«•
,  ?.' RBASOX/A'Xb.LIBERTY .(?^/V,
■It'Is man's? boast that-reason Is his
guide. :.-'Bu't;It'.'fs'-n boast oniy. History
repeats .with an increasing and '.hope-'
less and wearying, persistency that all
men/are?the prey of a.''few men. -'The
mass of men have always yielded; to a
superior, .and this7superior? has worked
upon: them to his ■owii:fattening, has
made,tlieni .fight? the,.battles of the superior, has7 slain them at will, or.held
tliem trembling"? a ml /benumbed ;;'. with-
fear.,./.because.' of.''?tiie''?:dread?,terrors
threatened in,the life beyond;the-'grave:-
Now? why ? does..man; .endure all ? this?
He' can change, it./ He ?/will ? change it
again, a'nd .the Only'.result??will?be?soiije
'slight!difference lii the ..way. in :-whicli
his Intelligence will ?,be appealed;, to. for
the benefit of?the.politician aiid his labor ? niacle serviceable 7 to';?.the ? require-
men'tS'Of??tlie??capii!ilist.?vlf.lie -knew, it
hb'ivould cliange it;fbr iilttlie' tiiiie':and
for the advantage? of? all? /He ?persists
in imitating the manners??aiid/customs
of/his ancestors.'? for -.countless senei'a--
tioiis, atid/wliich "thes'e samer7a:icestor,s
despised;ihei'nselves- for?, tolerating?: He
persists ■-. In?? maliitaliiliig'-'systems'? that-,-
as fa 17.as/history.records,.haye-brought
a'bbut; .coiiditioiis./ivnicli?!',!??: eb'tild -not
endure,7'?fro'nivVvliich? he.Ehiis'■;■;'■-Irpyoltcd;?
aii'd?\Hiich^he has,died .ro'-pvorriii-ii; txrid
yetVhiijias?'p.iniied?liis.tV'iitli:'.o??tlie/sai-,ie
systein.agniii'; oiib'V.to'see? the??same rev.
suit".? follow*-with iis much, certainty? as
thaf'-Iiiylight7????wili- beV-JEollbwetl"?./bv
dark'niss?.?;;'He. .is;;fiilcreasingly?.?strug^?
gliiisV;to7'discovei:? mean's/tp /lessen7the
ftinbiintJoCJ/'iiiiiiaii.?laboi;? involved in'
the production of any?;given thing,' and
yet'' lie hedges -'himself abtitit- with;i'ules.
r'egulu'tionsv.'and customs that. eat'Viip
all the. savings?'lie? can? hope to?-accbm-:
pil'shi'iiiid., he?leaves .niaiikind-.'it; .large'
as p.ooi'';as?'before;'the.labor-saving!,de-
yice was/brought into existence. '•■While
./claiming. tb?.7bef?bf.divliie origin. ?made
iiy'the. Image ;of ..Gbd/'giftedivvithrea'-.
soil, he/has .'struggled/and;-".'contended
against? they dogmas?,and?-supeystitions
of,'?the church /to? il*-'?point"- of 'personal
torture??and death',. arid/wheii? he has
achieved Va? measure /pf.freedoni/.lias
gone buck 7to?his-supei'stitioiis?'ani!l? permitted? one'-,of,liis.own? kind to terrorize him until he, becomes?a cdwai'd;aiid.
a' serf 1 by accepting/:'ttie. utteraneeB?o'l?
a piece.br clay lilceiilmself. Aiid/sb^he
glves.'qf ? Ills substance: tbjman: he i.H>w»
his-;knee?tb?niaii;?he.'accepts his politics
from: man; lie. gets his alleged ."reasons",
from iiian; he permits inaii/toiebme.between iilni'and'his? God; he consents'to
man? demanding?? part of that. which/he
liasTeOTiTed'bj^tir^inveaf^bffhisTbrm^
aiid tlie.balance lie' hands over to.other
men—the,- capitalist and the politician—
who .divide;/';ItVbetween /.■'them,': save
enough to keep him alive,and In lit. condition? for-Vniore .work, and when' he: Is
permitted/to/keep ? the /remnant 7 he
swells up .with?pride,? lifts his empty
head like 11 limb from which nearly all
the fruit has? .'been 'stripped, struts
around niid boasts of his reispii'aiid
liberty; When "will, tlio' working riia 11
conceive the necessityAat ;?making a
grand change? ./.??;'?'7",-/?/?7? .'.? ■../'/.,'
boxed in the car.  So they take the platform, much to the disgust of the neat,
trim and well-brushed motorman and
conductor/who are   as a consequence
bordering on the verge of nervous prostration  lest  perhaps  their    neat  and
conspicuous uniform  be  tarnished- by
contact with wet clay.   But, of course,
being the agents of common? carriers
they bear their uncomfortable and galling position without   a: murmur, and
with great fortitude.   While the working men would be willing to do anyj-
thing  to  prevent giving' offence thej'
would offer a suggestion, which, if acted on, would, in tlielr humble opinion."
offer  relief to those who objected to
their company on a public   car.   The
British". Columbia   Electric    company
have issued a special white ticket foi;
the benefit of .working men going to
and coming from work at certain specific hours.   The kickers also use the
white tickets.   It cannot be said;tli"t
tliey are working?men or working women, for they are ladies.'.ieastwisethey
would be so judged by outward appearances.   If the good ladies would please
take the first car leaving/ the terminus
before'.'op.'m. .or the seco'nd'car leaving tiie tei'injnus after 5 Ji. m.' the Problem would lie solved, -the working, man
could''proceed joyously and with certainty of a,seat to .hisdestinatIon;.;and
the/ebntact of iiiuddy Qveralis and din-,
ner pails /.with? silks and satins -woulil,
be'?obviated..,(The action■ of the work-
iiig men as to whether tliey will Vide; or
walk in ,the future will be decided on
the result of a debate which will take
place.probably?in the city, hall.   The
subject for discussion .will./ be:. "Resolved—ThaVthe B.'C. Electric Railway
company, does/not"give?a button who
tlie. nickel or .the? ticket belonged  to,
.that•/'strikes', the 'lower:, level v of ., the
'hookey, pat'? provided for, its reception,;
providing it 'reaches? thut-spot.":?;??//
A ;7; 7;iiXXli' '.-:?''■ WlOKiKlNG-'^MAN; ?V
/X'ictqria./B; C'CMay.14;.1903.■■";;///?/"A-
mmM-' ■
STRIKE AT ilMFREAL
(Continued Iroin Page One.?
THE BLACKSMITHS.
under which I should work. Sir, there
Is not as much in the contention supported by the hon. member for North
Norfolk (Mr. Charlton) as he asserts.
This institution at Montreal, contrary
to what has been said on the floor of
the house to-day, ls a voluntary institution, and does not receive dictation
from over the line. I am speaking subject to correction, but If I understand
the hon? gentleman aright.lie said that
tt was not a voluntary institution bin
that it was subject to dictation from
the other side. I wish; to.say that 110
alien agitator has anything to do with
the'conduct of the business of this institution; I agree with the hon. member
for Jacques Cartier (Mi-.7 Monk) that the
most legitimate kind of Influence is that
which'emanates from the authority of
the government. But we must remember tlint the government 7 ?,
?; Have No?Power,?:?
Our Victoria Advertisers*
The advertising pages of The Independent will re\*eal to trades unionists
in Victoria the tradesmen Who are in practical touch with them, and they
will naturailly govern themselves accordingly in making purchases.
THE QUEEN'S HOTEL
J.'.M.  KUGHiES. PRiOPRIBTOiR,
Corner of Johnson and Store Streets,
Centrally located    and   all conveniences.   Terms $1 per day and upwards.
Free Bus. Telephone.
= /?■?■ TH'IC.'1.1.  C.'.TRA'll..,
To the Eiliuu-ol Thk IsiiErENiiEXT: ;
7 Sir.—Sonie of the ladies, who patronize the Beacon hill car after 5 p. 111. are
wrutli'at the mud-bespread', laborers
who return to take the'car to carry
them to their humble dwellings after it
hard butNioiiost day's toil in the? sewer
ditches. Indeed, ?some of? tlie ladies
have threatened io .take .'steps':.to: have
1 he holiest" but"milddy laborers prevent-
edfrpm. iidln'g, In the ears.- /.Many ?,of
the .workmen realize that their'make-;
up at tlie.end ?or the day's'toil is. notof
the ."Beau'.Br.ummel". style, .nor /does'
it harmonize? -.vlth: the silk or ■variegated
gowns/that it may be tip against "when
The growth ofthe, International ?Or,:
der ?'bf Blacksmiths ;??these? ::last/^fe\y
mon ths. is/unprecedented, a'fact which
show's that greater activity is being,put,
Into..the'movement by:the general offl-
cers. ?,;lii; one liio'ntli the? increase7 .was
SCO,/biit/the .nibiithV of llsirch?hcilds.tlie
record,:for,-duririg,that,hionth;the general /bfliee has Issued; 'tweiity.-six?/?iiew
charters; and,.I',2!M due books?; ?.lri?.'tlie
flrst;?\veekbf?Aprii.si-c iiew.charters aiid.
tiflVlue/bbbks were issued? "This ;is,?'iv:e?
believe.f.one of"theVgreatest'.'?proportion-?
al ;increases.:.bf?r 11 liy? labor 7oi'ganizaiion
in "this? or aiiy other .country??:and fully
yerifies?pur,prediction often;made that
thelVB.'.of "B? would yet.take its' proper
place???atvthe.yei-y??.tpp?notch among labor 'unipris.;??The!l?;B./bf7?B.: should be
all-pbwerful,?as;the;trade  ■/:-?..;  ;//?:■??
/;:/?"C'b'ritrqis.'.'all' Metal? Workers, ;?./■?
haiiiely,',the?;machiiiists; 7 litters,? .boiler-;
makers,7.aii(l,, Jiideed,?' a. great /maiiy
other7 trades,indirectly.?^.'•'■.This;b'e'Irig-:'s6,'.
it; is" not strange, that.' the fkiiights. pf
Viilciin are? not leaving a stone, unturned ? to increase the 'strength of tlieir organization:; ::/?/?/.. ://-/?/:??V '■■/■'■■■■':/■■?: ■/ 77 V
,???;Thei-ecent brilliant victory gained by
the,?iroii..trade?unibiis of. Sail ?Francis-
cp??is largely;attribu.tabie;.to their per-'
sisteiit: efforts. The nine-hour .day has
been ?,'pei-ma.neiitly. established? oii the
iPaciflc:.?ebast.V(Uiiited7 States), and ?is; a
splendid/demonstration of 'what pluck
and .perseverance/can accomplish.'." ''Xo
doubt the. niiie-hoiir, day;; will sobii?:be:
aii;;accompllshed?fact iiiBritislrColiiiii-
bia.V iri some?of the shops ouiviiieii.are,
enjoy iiig'this 'tilessliigi aiid/ere-.loiiglet
us'hope. that,nine hbiu's'.wili constitute
a? day's work from the Pacific to;the
Atlantic. ?';'■??: •;•'?■'/■/?      :'Xi [ ,/■■■> . [.AX
Vancouver Local, No. 151. is doing a
=gom-i^\^rkrtas=all-tife~bla"cksiiiittt?-iii:
the clly ure thoroughly unionized, and
therefore alive ' to the great benellts
that "can be secured through uni'tei:! /effort in working for, ii' common object.
It lias beeii. the'..hope, of the black-
snilths of ."British Columbia to have the
helpers organized so" Hint they sliould
be ..linden? the control of the central
body.: ' This 7 wc arc glad to say lias
been- accomplished, for on Monday
evening last
.;.?'..' ^Helpers' I'liion, No. lllll,
was Instituted In/Union hull. A great
deal of friction Is caused owning to the
secession of. ihe helpers from Federal
I'nlon./No. 211. but it is fair to say that
the helpers should be In close touch
with the blacksmiths, who.will, we are
certain, be able.to assist them when assistance Is required. .The helpers are
very -enthusiastic in their newly-formed
union/which promises tobe a success.
It has a large membership to start
with, arid good ■'. sense was shown7 in
electing Bro. •Middleinlss as president,,
and Bro. Reay, an old Australian;trades
iiiilonist, as secretory. ..; ?'.;/:;?
!?; It, you .want'pure light Brahma eggs
fpi'/settiiig apply ;atl'I9S tiarii.ard. street..
Thirteen .for $1.5(1. ?     / ./ 77X: ■■ XxA:.y
to insist that these people should settle
their grievances; andi .would like the
hbn.; gentleman,?'.who;'.represent.' the ,in-
'terests   of?. organized''' capital   in ? this
house to be able to assure the gbverh-
ment. tliat if? provision was niade em-
i*owering:/the government to compel!'.a
settlement     of these  troubles,     they
would   support  a.  proposition ?of ? that
kind.   If? I had time and opportunity.
I could-'demonstrate, to'.this,house that
iii.nine cases out of ten/of labor struggles, .labor'-has'.volunteered to?stand by
the?/results 1 of /arbitration, and .that in
only? one case out.of tenidowefindthe
capitalists prepared to/do so. Now,?is it
right, that; these .'facts should be7 presented to: the house? Both sides .have;a;
right to. be/.representecl'.in this matter?
There?/are;.:two sides .to. this,question.
What does the ordinary member of this'
liouse: ?kiiow../.about?; the, actual   grievances of these poor/men -in Mpntreai.?.
AVhat  proof? can /"any  member/of 'this
house "give tb show-? that there?'may not
be'?the'•'greatest' p*os?sibie'i-easoii;;for this
?strlke?at?Mbntreal??.W!iere'is the,remedy? ?•/'. The: remedy ;I believe is in increased legislation along. these Jines. ;i
do not/believe'tiiat?tlie'?people.;of this
country .would" support the/p'rinclplesof
compulsory/'nrbit'ration.   but/1 /believe
that .they.'would agrebt,to'accept?some
further,, ?aiiiendmeiit??;of;? governmental
dictation ?!iioilg the line/of/?.?? 7?:./??XAliji-
■;'■?;'. /,7'Cpmpuispi'y/lnvestigation,?;?./;?■?
and conciliation, Ibelievb/iri,that prin-
piple;-Now/as'tb. the?i-eqiiest made upon
the 'government 1 to? assist .in?paying, the
expenses ,of, protection?'of. tiie:public, in
this sti'ikeat Montreal..,I,consider that
this would,be?amistak'e"that tlie,power
to;call??but .military .pi-ote'ctioii.;by the
iiniiiieipaiity.;:is.?. sufticient? 7,7lf .life,..aiid
pioperty .are endangered, But?I: want, to
say this/that if any-financial assistance
is given, by. tliis. goyernmehti in ?conse-
qii.ence of. a. strike;of that.kind;' ?I,can.
easily 7conceive ?how- much.? more ? ready
the municipalitiesjwould be? to' call, out
the . militia ; withbut;7?necessary,. proyb'-;
catiOii ?wheii /they know ;that?'the. ,ex,;^
pense; would ? have ? to' be; borheybyi Vgiir
otliei; authority. ;;There/are/two : sides
of this /question:also./,;jI<.wantV.to:rsay,
audit, ought to; be said !t° ,?the??bredit of
the:strikers iriiionireal.'lthat-tlieViie.ws-
pap'ers, who are always.anxious to rp-
cor'd'the? misdeeds of 'strikers,/'have. not.
been able to chronicle a. single- unlawful act .011 /their.part. Wliat i-eason .can"
■be given,' by /the.nutlioi-itlesiii./.Mbriti-eal
foi*: ?ca lliiig.. out * the . niilitia  in /this ;in-
stance?. If .the. expenses of this protection, are'to be/paid by this government
how . much: more easiily,; it "will, be for
these municipalities to'call but this'-pro-
.tection_beca.use??somebody._elsu/hiis.?tb
117 GOVERNMENT STREET.
Men's and Boy's Clothing, Boots and
Shoes.   Union Store.   Union Clerks.
."iff Lowest-priced   outfitters   in   the
City,, of-Victoria.'" Give us a call.
A;Sher^th
Plumber and gasfitter,
..' 102 Fort Street. 7. /    "Victoria, B/C.
Jobbing- done. Estimates furnished.
...J. T. JONE&...
Empire Cigar Store
Free Reading Room and Headquarters of the Laborers',
■   Protective Union.
105 Douglaia Street, Opposite Labor Hall
VICTORIA, 15. C.       77
5? Old Curiosity Shop
.     Pierce O'Connor, Proprietor.'   ;' -i
14S Yates Street, Victoria, B. C.V Ai,;
Ail 'kinds / of ?/furniture ? bought and '
sold.   Anything you desire and do not
see please ask for it. /.'.';'.
Victoria Union ; Directory.
VICTORIA   LABORERS' ?PKOTECTIVB ;
: Union, Federal No. 2.—Meets firsp ami.,
third/Friday   in   Labor   Hall,-  room'.ti..
President,   A.7 Johonson; 7 vice-president, ;
T. Cox; secretary, J., C. Mapleton; treasurer.. J. Goldstraw;  warden, A.  Harris;*?
conductor. 7J.    McConnel;   delegates?■[".to,
Trades and Labor Council, A.' Johonson;-
T.Cox.  Lee. O.  Charlton,  "Wm. McKay
and J. C. Mapleton. •■',/,. .        "?    ./-.•;?
EVERY KIND OF^
SOCIETY WORKVsA SPECIALTY:
•; •??
?? • ■■
-,:9 '
'?•'
. 0
■' •;•-
'0?
"an-
•>
'•' ?
. 0'?
?'0"
' 0 .
0?
a-
?/•-
":0 /
; 07
. a-
:?'0 .
0
'0"-
0?
•
Printing  Co'y:
BASEMENT, FUCK BLOCK; /VANCOUVER;/'"X:
^ACCOMPLISH/HIS ;PURPOSE.?: There
are;:'iiiireasonabie.,;7nien?,jinJ the:?.labor
movement; yes, there: are, unreasonable
men In .tlle .capitalist'? movement; ? and
what is .wanted is, proper government
authority to deal:?\yitli these extreme
peo'ple;Vnrid'•■ to provide-that the.busiiiess
of ?the 'country rshall.be;-conducted, for
the benefit of.the whole community.   ?.
pay the bill. The greatest safeguard
foi* prudence in such matters.is the fact
that?, the people/ who are -li concerned
must' "?:..-.-■ ???/ .?•'■" ■;■■■-.>' .'■":';.' .,.-■./?■?/;?;y-
.. Pay for the.Protection .,,,..??
they require. I.will support any proposition in this house thai will bring to.in
end these Industrial struggles.. I will
subscribe wlthiuy vote to any; measure
tlint will Increase the powers of?the
govurniiieiit 10 make compulsory .Investigation' into' these matters with a view
to avoiding.'.trouble.''?..But?; .«'o" long? as
hoii. inembers in this house are prepared to inok only on one side ot this
iiuestlon, so long as they are7prepared to assume that Ihere Is only
one party In the stiuggle, und only one.
that is absolutely right while the other
Is absolutely wrong, then I .'wnnt
to say that those hon. members'utterly
fall .to gi'asp the.facts of- the,situation.
I .want, . to tell? the hon. member for
North Norfolk that ANY INDIVIDUAL
OR .AiS'T MEMBER ..OF THIS HOUSE.
\\1HO DOBS NOT RECOGNIZE! THE
RIGHTS. V OFJJLAiBORINGrMISNi: TO
ENTER- INTO / VOIiUNTARY ASSO-"
CIATION./ISVAS BIG'A DBJiTAGOGUE
■AS THE MAN iWIliO WOULD ADOPT
UJMCbNSTTUTIONAXi METHODS: ? TO
,;the t?eamsters', convention:
; One of'; the "most; imp'o'rtant.events in
the history of; the. TeaiiiVpi'iver's'?:Inter-
nationai-.:unioii.;will .be ,,the;..holding, of
the? joint; convention between; that body
and/the'Teamsters'?.■ National. Union?.:at
Niagara, ? on-August; 3, 1903. -; It -willibe
remembered .tliat? at,? the? last,.? annual
convention 'of the American Federation
of Labor, held. at -New:? Orleans,V.:a? re-'
solution, was adopted which ...provided
for, the appointment of-a, commission to
procure the,'amalgamation of these.two
bodies.. In .view, of: the foregoing it is
sincerely to be, lioped that "the 71ocal
teamsters/will, send.;? a? representative
good and true to tliis convention. Every
one. knows that/the' teamsters /.are, a
comparativelyVyoung organization and
it is absolutely necessary that the?very
best men, that is, those who. understand
local affairs and situations thoroughly,
be-t!ic=delegates^cliosen.-Jr--——y-:—?■?
RACING   DATES.
./Following; aro.thc liatcssot  by 7 tho:'-
North. Pacific. ?t'air Association for the?"?,
horse, races; ior ilOOSV; 77?;. VV- '. ., ?' -V7;
:./??77:|/:7';7;'7;;»ri!l'soi'MEETINGS. ;'?//'. -'-. \'\".
CVictbriii,B?-C?./?..?./...7:7...?;7:...May 22 to 23;'-
ViincoiiverrB;7C..:?';?Y;V:V.'?:....May 23 to;25»Jf.
Scuttle, Wash:-,■':....
Vancouver,- B:..C...
.Grand Fork,-B:C:..
Spokane/Wash:'?.::
Evorett,;?Wash?..:.?
Whatcom, Wash:.: 7
. 7/.Jmie 0 to July 4/
A.ii......Jnly/Vto 27/
.,■:'.,■;.:?.'.Juiyi'so'S"??;
.....:....July 4'to:S>V;
....i.?..July 2 tp,*-;?-
::/.;.y.?.:.July 2;?to?4?;?
TALE MEETINGS. ; / /  ■'-'??/;VfV
,:...V:..:Aug. 1 to29vV
...Aug.. 31, to8ept.;5;,'
?.....?..Sept. 7 t6,?12'";?
V??:...?Sept./l-i tb?19???
?...?.:.Sept.:2i:to26.z?
'."...Sept.28.to Oct. 2 :,?.
....??...:oct;i?tbis V?
.........Oct. 12 to 17':7
........:,oct:ii).to24V'
:.:.?...'.Oct.?20 to'31'
.?..Scpt? 28;lo76ct/S?v?
...::;.'.:::6ct.,5??tbl0-?'
Seattle.Wash..;'........"....
Whatcom-, /-Was li ..iiiii..
Everett, \Vash..7:.;::.?...:
Salem, Ore. A.. ..:'.•,:'.....
Portland; Ore...:.:......
North Yakima; .Wash..';.
Spokaue, Wash.:..:.'... Ai
Boise,'Idaho ...7....'..?:.
Walla?Wallo; Wash ;'.A.
I.owiston, Idaho.'.....:/.
The Dulle8,pre.:?......;.
La ,Grande,'?.Ore.....■;.... :
New Westminster,- B.C.:..:'.. :.Sept.;29.to Oct. 2
Vancouver, B? C...;.'.......Sept. 7 and Oct.'S to 5
Victbria/B.'c....::..:..;..::-:?...?V:Oct. 6 to 10
CONVENTION DATES;
/   SOME.LABOR LITKR'ATUR'E.//
.-, Six.'Centuries ?of Work ■ and \Vages,
by Thorold ' Rogers?/
,Evolution,.of the 'i'rade Unionist,' by
Frank K. ^Foster./
Sympathetic Strikes and Lockouts, by
Fred.'S. .iHall.   ? '     ;
Organized Self-Help, by Herbert Cas-
soii.      7  '■':-. '   -.'.
The History of Trade Unions/by Beatrice and Sydney, Webb.'?--;■■
The .New Kigln. by Samuel JI. Jones.
History aiid'Functions of Central La-
-Cor1 Unions, by W. .Maxwell Burke.
1-lumun Progress, by Thomas S. Blair.
Wealth and.Progress, by.George Gunton. ;
"Democracy, by Bi'iitrire and Sydney
..Webb.
Reliuions of Employer and Employee
(Syniposiittn),:'by John P.  Peters.
Annals of-American Academy of Political  and' Social .Science,  July  issue,
lnoi'.V. ..-?'V-'   "■; ?.'"-.?'
-Land and Labor, : by?? Win. Godwin
Moody:,:./?.?.':   ?■: ->:iil,:X.
Annals of Toll, by J. IMorrison Davidson.. ' ■-'   'if' ''?/•/?  .'"'7,7 - -'./'--?  ;.■■">
Letters ?p£.- L.ove - arid; Labor, ? by Sam-:'
uel/lM.'Joiies. //■ ':?•??     ,?"
'Social Unrest,. John Graham J3iboks.
And others, too niinierou's.. to-mention..
Labor? ;?Eigtit;:'?//VV:?/V?.7rViV?y/7V/-!-.:./?/V'.
. Miiyia.   Indianapolis, lud. American .Federal:,;
tion of.Musicinns.   .:• .      " .■.' 7.
/June   1." ?01evoiaiid,.Ohio.'  '.International.
Ladies' (itirmeut Workers' Union.        ■';./"
June? 1'. ■"■? Columbus,   Ohio. 7'Chainmakers' .A
NationalTl'uidnbrthc/-lJuitedStates-of-AmeriCftv;-^
,...-.    .....     \- . •■ . .-...■.-,.    ■   . ..   ..-.     -.'.:.,
'Juncl.   Louisville, Kr.' National Association   "
of Steam aud Hot Watcrl-'itters. : ;:.'':/
June  S.   I'hilnilelpliia,    I'a.    International   7
Ceramic, Mosaic and Encaustic Tile Layers aud
Helpers'Union.
June lo.   Minneapolis. Minn.   International
Union of Flour and Cereal Mill Employes.
June   15.   Cincinnati,   Ohio.    International
Printing Pressmen's Union. --.,
June  17.  Philadelphia,   Pa., International
Steel and Copper I'lale Printers' Union of North ?
America:       .                                  , ;* •   '-"-./
 A,
July -1   Lynn.Mass.   Amalgamated Leather
Workers' Uuion of America. ?, ■   '
July   13.   Cincinnati,    Ohio,   Glass    Bottlo
Blowers' Association of the United States and -
Canada.     ■ ,
iulvlA.   Indianapolis, lud.   Stove .Mounters'.
International Union. 7.     7
i
Jm
x )B
m
Wire;
tntcriiational
United Gar-/
July is.   Brooklyn, N.  \*.  American
Weavers' Protective Association.
Julv. 21.   l'lilladoliihla,   l'u.
Association of Marble Workers.
August 10.   Indianapolis, 1ml
ment Workers of America. /.-,?...-    ?-'    -,'
August 111..WashiiiRton, I). C.   International,   .
Storeotypcis and Elcctrotypcr's Union of North.
America.        ' .     •   .       . ?..??
Angus! 10.   Washingtoii D. C." International   ?•
Tyiwgrarhieal Union.* 7/7   '..'-.       1 •      7.7.,,.'
. August 17.   Birmingham,- Ala.   United Asso-'
elation of Plumbers, lias Fitters, Steam Kilters
anil Steam FittorB1: Helpers,    ..../7  /_ -"'?  ?
August—.? New   York- Citv: " UniteiV"Gol(lV '. /
Beaters' National Protective Union ot America.'.!/:.
September 7.  iji,? Louis,   Mo.   Interriatioriai;,:'-
Brotherhood pi Blacksmiths. :yy:,Ay- --Xii: X-i.
'- September 10:   i"Sprinefleid,? ,Mass.:7 Talile'??./-
Knife Grinders'National Union.,-,?,- ?,.'■;•] .-„■: - -: 7,?//:/
.September 14.. Niagara >Fails,''?N.?.'-y.?'Tcaik'':?,?/
DriversMntoruatlonalUnion/ ; :,'/■.-;:'■-■:.?//;-/,!/?-7;;:; Z^^^XtaicrJS^-cnPcrKrss^Kwis;  TJ!Lti LN.DEl'ENDEiYi'.  SATURDAY.;..?.  ..MAY. 16. 1903  o, ���'.   yXX^XiX  m.'/ '������'������''-! BmS&?:<s&:  r ",'���*<,,ffcSSvv\-"7  ARE YOU GOING FISHING?  KODS, KE10LS. LINES, CASTS,  FLI ES, .liROG U ES, TRACES, MINNOWS, SPOONS, BASKETS AND  FLY BOOKS.  DOBBIN-BLAINE.  Wo can supply ;uiy fishing gear  required, and will 'do glad to have  vour bu^iue*-s.  52? Hastings Street.  ���t'  h  ar  One of the happiest, aud 'most successful events that has ever occurred  tii ��� la'bor'circles in" this city was the  carpenters' "smoker." held last.Monday  night. The7'affair, was gotten up by  the- following joint committee: /  U. 11. of C. and J.���L. De Wolfe  (chairman), Geo. Adams, A. E. Coflln,  J, Campbell, M.' McMullen, G. Tingley.  iA. S. of C. and J.���J. Gillies (secretary), J.'G. Davidson, F. Whitesldes, A.  Hancock. J. Pye. J. Green well.  Among-those present .at "the large  turnout were'noticed: Aid. Cook, Bethune', Wood and Morton: C. K. Tisdall,  ex-M. P. P.; Mr. Alexander, secretary  ..Builders' Exchange: J. Ronnie superintendent B. C. Electric railway/Chris.  Foley; IP. Williams; T. McKiiinon; A.  E. Carter; It. McLeod; ? John Pearey  and T. Grahani, ex-presidents Trades  and Labor council; Jus. Ker, ex-sec-  retary Trades and/Labor council; President A': Gothard of the Building Trades  council, and several other equally as  well-known gentlemen.  As one of the pioneers put it: "It  .was a real old-Ume trades unioii rally  that made one's heart glad." The refreshments, enough and to spare, were  passed around' by the stewards, who  .wore the carpenters? apron, among  some ofwheiii were F. Gray, A. Gothard, M. McMullen. F. Whiteside, H. V.  Rankin.and others..  ?When 'Chairman J. G. Davidson opened proceedings it was the signal for  a braw time. ., 'Following programme  was .carried out:? ?,;.;,".  Overture .......... Prof. H. K. Evanson  Chairman's7address.....J. G. Davidson  ?Quartette:? .Messrs.  Collin. Padden.  ./'    .....?.............. Christie, Brehault  "Speech....?Chas.'/E.?Tisdall. ex-M.P.P.  Comic song........:........:Wm. ,Moore  Speech ..........:...:.:....' F. Williamj  Violin, guitar (whistling selection)...   ...i.i........ Franklin Brothers  Song���''Queen of the Earth"..J. Gillies  Bagpipes selection? ���:  Mr.. Fraser  , Song���"Anchored".......... Mr.'Forsytli  Speech ...?.............. XV. j. Lamrick  : 6ongN...............:........ F. Williams  Comic song aiid  banjo........G. Wade  Song '.'......:.............. Chas. Hilton  (Speech  ................V... Chris. Foley  French song (tenor).. .......Mr. Nadon  Violin selection  ..........Geo. Walton  Recitation  :..'......'.....���.Wm.. Johnson  Comic song ................ Wm. Moore  Speech  .:.......:...:.....  Geo.  Bartley  Song���"Ye Warriors of the Ocean"..  .......................:.....  J. Gillies  Song  ....................J. Cr.  Davidson  Quadrille���"Bumble Bee"  ......Messrs.  ' ��� ..'..Coffin, Paddeii, Christie, Brehault  Song���"Bonnie Mary of Argyle"  .....   '..���  R. Lundy  Percy Farr  ....   Chris.  Scales  .....Mr. Beecher  ....... S. P.? Robb  ....George Wade    J. Robinson  and  ...J. Gillies  "Auld Lang  Song   'Swig ...  'Song   Humorous address  TSbng...... ..... '..'..  Song and dance ...  Song   7 Song���"Holy City"  .7 National -anthem  .Syne?"  ��� As may be sure the'encores were as  numerous as tiie: splendid, programme  items. J. Gillies gave "Gae Bring to  Me a Pint O' Wine" and "Fatal Rose  Of? Red," with which latter -all joined  in the chorus of "Rule Brlttania."  .  The fine brand of cigars used at this  long-to-be-remembered smoking concert were specially prepared by the M.  & D. company, a new cigar factory,  over Porter's butcher shop, on Cordova  Btreet, Manager Meiss says that this  cigar was the sample of the blue label  goods,he intends henceforth to put on  the local market.  S.'Am Davidson, corner Cambie and  Cordova Sts., is the place where you  get your hair cut in an artistic manner.  ft����@����������������������9������������  Tbe Salt  I of Life  in business. We want more of  i it. We'll get it if an out and out  > bargain will fetch it.  Mow Is This  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle  .. ?������"? "?or,. '   ���  Fountain Syringe  ;--VV'V;:-;'V75c7/, iiyi'Xi  ! The McDowell, Atkins, i  Watson Co., Ltd. Liability |  tPJr��-O*Tl?0RIlCGISTS. ��  9m��tm������������������s��������m  SAFETY OF RAILWAY  "$  Following bill has beeii -Introduced In  the House of Commons by Ralph  -Smith?'OI. P. ., livery railroad employee  should peruse it carefully:.  BILL NO. 77.  An Act ?o Promote, the-Safety of Hallway Kmployees.  His Majesty, by and -uith.tlie advice  and consent of the Senate and House,  of Commons of C'i'.'nii'dn. enacts' as follows:  1. The Railway net, chapter 20 of the  statutes of 1SJS, is amended by inserting" the following section, immediately  after section 214:  ':"2-l4A. On and after the Iirst day of  January, IU1),*, no compuny shall use  any locomotive not equipped with a  power drive wheel bi-ake.and appliance  fin- operating the train-brake system,  'or run /any- train after, the said date  which  has not a stirlicieut  number of  .D ...  cars in? its so equipped witli. power or  'train-brakes that the. engineer on the  locomotive drawing sticli train can control its speed-.', without'-requiring brake-  man to use the'common hand-brake for  that purpose.  "i On and after the first day of January. l'Jfro, no company or carrier shall  html or pei-init.to.be hauled .or. URgd on  its line, any car not equipped with"  couplers which couple automatically by  impact and which can be. uncoupled  without the necessity of men going between tne.??ends.of cars. , ;  .'���'3.V It shall be the duty of the ?Minis-  tei- to ..designate a. standard height of  draw-bars for all cars, engines and tenders, measured -perpendicularly .from  the! level of the.top of! tlie "rail to the  centre of the draw-bars, on the railways ?of all companies, having an exchange of trailic with the railways of  other companies.                '  ' ��� ' - ".  "4. Companies not exchanging cars  with other companies shall adopt a .uniform;'height ol'Vraw-bars on all their  cars, engines and tenders and the height  of such draw-bars shall be made satisfactory .to. the Minister.       :  "5. So company.shall accept the'ears  of another company unless they are in  accordance with the provisions of this  section.   ,~.  "6. All box freight car's bulRln Canada? for use on? Canadian railways,  after the -Iirst' day of July. 1903. shali  be provided with the following attachments for the, security of railway employees:    '���  ? "(a.) outside, ladders, on tlie opposite  ends and sides of each car, .projecting  below the frame of the car, .with one  step or rung of the ladders below the  frame,/the ladders being placed qlose  to the ends and sides to which they are  attached;  "(li.) hpiid grips placed ���* anglewise  over the ladders of each box car and  so arranged as to assist persons In  climbing on the roof by means of the  ladder.  ^���'���Tf^-All-cars-bullt^priorT.to-the^fli'st^  day of.July. 1903, shall be fitted to comply with subsection five of this section  on or before the thirty-first day of  July, 1904.  "S. Xo employee1 of any company  who is injured by any locomotive, car  or train in use contrary to the provisions of this section, shall be deemed  to have assumed the risk thereby occasioned, although continuing in the employ of the company after tlie unlawful use of the locomotive, car or train  Is brought to his knowledge.  "9. Any company violating any provision of this section shall be liable, on  sunimnry conviction, to a line of not  less than five dollars and not more than  ten dollars per day for each engine,  car or tender used contrary to the provisions of this section."  CIVIC. COMMITTEES.    ���  Finance���Aid. McQueen (chairman),  Grant, McGuigan. Brown. Wood. Meets  every Thursday at 4 p. in.  Fire and Police-nAld. Brown (chairman), Grant, McQueen, Wilson, Morton. Meets second and fourth Tuesday  at .4 p.- m.   .;��� .  'Board? of- Health���Aid. McGuigan  (chairman), Grant, McQueen, Macpherson, Morton. Meets Hirst and third  Wednesday at 4 p. m.  ���Water/ and?? Market���Aid., Wood  (chairman), Bethune, Cook, Wilson,  Macpherson. .-Meets second and fourth  [Wednesday at 4 p. m. .  On Wednesday morning, 11.30 o'clock.  Mr. George Dobbin, of Vancouver, was  united In marriage to Miss Fannie  Blaine, of Hamilton, Ont. The ceremony was performed at the manse of  lhe First Presbyterian Church by Rev.  R. G. MacBeth. Miss Annie Dobblii,  sister of the'groom, acted as bridesmaid, and Mr. Albeit Blaine, brother lo  lhe bride, agisted the groom. The  bride ��� looked charming and was attired  In White and carried a large bou<|tiet ot  roses. "George" is one of thu best  known and popular men In the building  'trades of this city, being vice-president  of the'Trades-and .Labor Council and  secretary .of the local United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners. The  newly, married'"couple left on the .noon  ferry for Victoria and the Sound elites  on. their 'honeymoon. On their return  they will?reside at the corner of Georgia and Cambie streets., 'The Independent joins with the hosts of friends of  Mr. and Mrs. .'Dobbin in Wishing them  long life and prosperity.  Telephone 1���2�����_ for a tine ? livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace Livery  Stables. :'..-'���"���/  Vancouver Union Directory.  THB VANCOUVER TRADES AND  Labor Council meets first and third  Thuisday in each month, nt 7.30 p.m.  President, XV. 3. Lamrick; vIce-prcsMont,  Geo. Dobbin; secretary, F. J. Russell; financial secretary. J. L. Lllley; treasurer,  A. X. .Harrington; sergeant-at-arms, J. C.  Kerr; statistician, J. H. Perkins; trustees, Messrs. Pound, Cross and Thompson; executive committee, Messrs. Georgo  and Gothard.  SHIRT WAIST ' AND '. LAUNDRY  WORKERS' UNION, No. I03.-Meols  every 2nd and 4th Thursday in each  month In Union Hall. President, R. N.  Hogg; corresponding secretary, Wallace  Sharp, 1119 Richards St.; financial secretary, -Mr. Lee; treasuier, F. Young; dole-  gates to Trades and Labor Council,  Messrs. Hargle, Coltart, Lee and Hogg.  RIGS AND SADDLE HORSES Always on hand at.HotebNorth Vancouver. ��� -  Coleman's mustard oil   ,for. rheumatism.    Sure cure.   UPS Barnard street.  PATRONIZE UiNlON CLERKS.  All members ol (he R. C. 1. P. A. can show this curd.  Ask lor It wlien maklni your purchases.  CNOOHSCD BV ,THC A.   F. OF U  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only during months named on right  hand corner and when properly sicned mid  stamped with tiio number of tho Loeul.  If vou appreciate a good smoke call at  CALLAGHAN'S. . .  TOBACCO STORE  662 Granville  St., Vancouver  And secure a? llrst-class UNION' MADE  '."������ CIGAR.-' '���?  7  Note the number: 002 Granville Street  Ph'orie'1046.- -?'": -...  the mm Mime  Ay. 301 Hastings St.. (Xext Arcade.)  V We are not "cheap.". Our work is?  flrs:-cla'ss and will please.you. ^Cabinet Photos S4.0ff.dozen. Careful posing,  lighting and'finishing.  LE PETIT  EASILY*THEATRE   VV  7. This  Theatre  is stricty, ?a   UNION  HOUSE,- .'-. -       . '     -:;;,' ?,'���?'.  Em-ploying UNION ACTORS, -  Thus    securing, the?   VERY    BEST  TALdtXVr.V ������;- . "." 7;7?.'^..-:.   :,.'".  ?������?.     PKiCE  IO CtNTS.  ���XVe are: selling  Boots and Shoes at  Hard Time Prices.  Every pair reduced.  'Ladies' First-Class  Kid and! Boxed Calf  In Buttoned and  Laced.   ???'??  .We guarantee our? shoes. .Must   be  sold to make room for ournew'stook.  GEO. E. JAMES,  13 Hastings Street E.       Vancouver.  CLARENCE   HOTEL.  (Under new management.)  A'"  ==,JAS.=VV.iiIASSBT,,Eroprletor.?^  Corner Pender   and  Seymour Sts.  One block from Post 'Office.   First-class  dining room and bar; white help only.  Bost English ales and porter in town.  Rates, $1.00 per day.  CIGARETTES  We, tlie tintlcri'igned, handle tlie  only UNION MADK CIGARETTES  made in Cunsida.gKAKNAC, V. C.  ttudT.'&H.  H. G. JIOORE.  G. W. WEEKS.  S.  HARCUS.  C. FORSBURG.  CHAS. PECK.  D. M'DONALD.  R.  L. RICE.  W. A. CALL AG HAN.  W.J. McMillan .-& Go.  Wholesale Agents for B, C,  Corner Alexander St. Hud .Columbiii Ave.  Vancouver, B.C..?    :  P. O. BOX, '.IW.   -,..'.'���'������'-. V PHONE, 179.  WA1TKUS AND AVAITltESSRS' UNION  - Local No: 28. President, Cluirles Over;  vice-president. A. N. Hi'i-i-ington; seer.-  tui-y-ti-t'iisurer, .1. II. Perkins: recording  secretary. Jlisa A. Scuitto; l'ress agent.  W. lOllender. lileeting' every second Friday evening at S.HO o'clock in Union  Ilall, corner.Homer and 'Diirismuir streets  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  America No. 178. ��� Sleets lst and 3rd  Mondays In room No. 1, .Union Hnll.oPre-  sldent, C. 'L. Whalen; Wee-president, J.  T. Mortliher; recording secretary, F.  Williams. ISH 7th.avenue, west; secretary-treasurer, J. Savage; sorgeant-at-arms,  H. Brazeau; delegates to Trades & Labor CouncU, F. Williams and J. T. Mortimer. '   . ���       ���   ' -  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113. w"  F...M., meets every Saturday ut 7.30 p  m. In Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, J  W. Austin; secretary, Alfred Raper;  treasurer, A. G. Deighton; conductor,  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patterson.  CIGARMAKERS' UNION NO. ar>7.-  Meets the first Tuesday In each month  ln Union Hall. President, G. Thomas, Jr.:  vice-president, J. Crow, secretnry, J. C.  Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S. WI' Johnson;���'sergeant-alarms, D. Morrisby; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, G. Thomas  and O. Mattlson. .-'.���  JOURNETMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union, No. 120���President, E. Harpur; vice-president, J. Gil-  man; corresponding-financial secretary,  J. A. Stewart, 442 Hastings St. E.; recorder, W. :L. Aylesworth; treasurer,  G. Bower; guide, W. Bushman; guardian, O. E. Jacques; delegates to T..& L.  Council, E. Harpur and J. A. Dlbden.  Meets flrst and third Wednesdays mt  each month ln Union Hall.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAR--  PENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday In Union  hall, room 2. President, A. E. Coffin;  vice-president, L. C. DeWolf; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin, 533 Hamilton  St.; financial', secretary, J. McLeod;  treasurer, G. Adams; conductor, H.  Howes; warden, J.'.F, Gray; delegates  to T. & L. Council, Geo. Dobbin, Geo.  Adams, A. E. Coffin, ?L. C.DeWolf and  S.; O'Brien; delegates to tTie.Building  Trades. Council, H. Howes and J.7Mc  Leod.  ��  TEAM - DRIVERS' INTERNATIONAL  UNION, ? No. 409-Meets 1st.?'and'-.; 3rd  Wednesday in each month in Union Hall.  President, J. C. Kerr; vice-president,;. S.  Cawker; sec.-treas., D. Mclver; rec. sec,  E. Bridge; correspondent, ' F. Topham;  warden, A? E. Soaper; conductor, J. Little; trustees, C. B. Hlgglnson, R. Haywood and A. Robinson; delegates to T. &  L. Counoil, J. J. Harrison, A. E. Soap��r,  Geo. Dunlop, j. C. Kerr and C. B. Hlgglnson. ��� .'". -'y'\  .?? '���'.,??'  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS, Local; Union No: IBS.  Meets 2nd and, 4th Thursday lh I>abor  Hall. President, E. Holland; vice-president, W.7-Halliday; recorddrng. secretary,  E.,Crush, 767 Eighth avenue, west; financial : secretary, A. Gothard, 822 Howe  street;; treasurer, H. iMcSorley.       7  INTERNATIONAL ORDER.OF BLAOK-  SMTTHS, Vancouver Union, No. 151.���  Meets the first and third Monday in each  month at S p. m., in Union hall, Homer  street.- President," A. A7.. Bigg,, vice-president, G.; XV. Smart; financial secretary,  Chas. McAllister; recording secretary, D.  Robinson, box 37, -Vancouver, -B..C; delegates to the Trades and Labor council,  William Latham, D. Robinson, H. Howard.'?- -.'���;;.7''"? .7'77??-?'?.. ,7.-: ���.?"'?���?-.:������.  BUILDERS' LABORERS' FEDERAL  UNION, No. 32, Vancouver.���Meets every other Tuesday evening, at S o'clock,  in'the large room. Union Hall: President,  J. Sully; vice-president, W, Lyons; secretary, H. Sellers, Western Hotel;, treasurer;  J. Cosgrove; warden,, H. Chapman; conductor. J. Gundereon; delegates to Trades  & La'bor Council, J. Sully,? G. Payne, J.  Cosgrove and H. Sellers; delegates to  Building Trades Council, J. Sully a?nd J.  Cosgrove.' :i'"AA A'  VANCOU'\'?ER7���TYPOGRAPHICAL,UN-  ION, Nb.'22G, meets the 4th Monday in  each month at Union Hall. President,  W.J. MacKay; vice-president, S. J.Goth-  ard; secretary, W. H. Hunt, P.'O. Box 60;  treasurer, John Watkins: sergeant-at-  arms, James Webster; executive committee, Ralph Wilson, A. XV. Flnbow, N.  Cleland and P. Kellas;? delegates to  Trades and ?Labor Council, Robert Todd,  George Bartley, Geo. Wilby.  STRDE1V RAILWAY MEN'S UNION.-  Meets second and fourth Wednesday  of each month In Sutherland Hall, corner- Westminster Avenue and Hastings  Street, at?8 p.m. President, James McGuigan; vice-president, A.. G. Elliott;  secretary,-AvG. Perry, 33 Seventh Avenue;  treasurer, W. H. Vanderwarker;- conductor, Hi-Howes; warden, G. IMnrtln; sbn-  tinel', D. Smith; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, B. Marshall, F. C. O'Brien,  Geo. Lenfesty, A. J? Wilson nnd James  M'cGulcaii.  TKE RETAIL CLBRMS' rNTBRNA-  TIONAL PROTEXlTIVa ASSOCIATION  meets ln Cr\BrIen's Hall, th�� first and  third Tuesdays of each month. J. A.  Murray, president; "W. J. Lamrick, secretary, 213 Princess street.* ,, ;.  INTERN A ���PIONAL;.-'���'.ASSOCIATION OF  Machinists. Beaver ? Lodge, No.? 1S2.���  Meets second and fourth Wednesdays In  each month In the Lesser O'Brien ? Hall.  President, Geo. P. Downey; past president, J. R: Edwards; vice-president, H. J.  Littler: recording secretary', J. 'H. McVety; ilnancial secretary, J. Anderson;  INTERNATIONAL HROTHBKHOOT* OF  Electrical Workers. Vancouver Local,  No. Z13���Meets second andi fourth Wednesday ln each month in O'Brien,'* Hall. President, A. McDonald; vloe-presld'ent, J;  Dubberley; reoordins, secretsrr, ft W.  Huston; financial secretary, H. -V. Ran-  ^���^���^���H7*H^7h��7H^:H^^^>K^3ix^ ���>H^^f*Hf*HS^K��>>H-*>H-��;}H#5K^lt*5k:''"-  I'  ���  m  9  :i.  '9  Donft be  . Don't start your wheel on the new season's work without a  thorough overhauling. It will add much to your comfort and security and will cost you but little. We have a thoroughly up-to-date  bicycle repair department. ���?. ?  91  -���-  I:'  ���Ai  :0~  *'.  :+:^i^K*?^:-K^M4^t*;-f>.H*>*r^*K*N'K*^^K^K^^;K^^  126 Hastings St.  Stoves, Ranges and Kitchen Furniture.  Loggers'  SPECIAL    ALL - STEEL  WIRE ROPE;SNATOH BLOCK. 7      ?  ALLAN WHYTE & CO.'S SPECIAL WIRE CORE LOGGiING WIRE,  ���PLOUGH and CRUCrBLE STEEL WIRE ROPE in all sizes and grades/  ?A11 kinds 'of loggers' tools and  supplies, Camp Utensils, Etc.        =      .  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Co.  Phone 1063. '  t:��^��x��:K��)>:��:K��x<>^^>��:  TORTHEGARDEN  ��� Pruning Knives ?  Pruning Shears  Tree Pruners''.'���  Hand? Sprayers 7  Step Ladders  Lawn Mowers  Garden Hose   ������;?  Lawn Sprinklers  Lawn Rakes, Etc.  Individual description is  impossible, not enough ?j��  space to do that. They  must be? s&eni, arid ??thec  7price tags will riiake? no  heavy drain on your ^  pocket bookvV  if"  ii  $  sev  if  iii..  m ���  i i'i.  s?'?Yan<:diuvej|  0 99  "The Beer Without a Peer^''     V  ��� ?  :     Brewed right here in Vancouver by men? of years and years ex-  perience and in a brewery whose plant.is the most perfect known to *��'  the art ofbrewlng, is it any wonder that It; has taken? a place in  '.he hearts of the people which no other beer caji supplant? ?   7-?  $1.00 Dozen Pints  $2.00   ��   VQuarts  Brewed by  |.Vaiicouver?:|Bfe^  V:-V..;,yancoiiyer, ;?B; ''.C. V?.V'vVVvV  and for sale ?at: all fflrst-class Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels.  ���You can get them here^7: Our stockj>f MEN^i HATS ls worth' s&ejng���  |-worth_looklhg~throu'gh~carefuirz.~. .7        .'~T^~    '���..--..  ' .... ���'. "      ':'  We have your size, your style and at a price that will suit you.-;    :  . '?.'7,V-VV;:.:;7...??2'50!';'*s'-*8^O  JOHNSTON, KERFOOHT fr CO.  ?     .        V V    IO* and 106 Cordova Street..,���  ���X-. Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., Opp. Wm. Ralph's.  BBBIHHBBHmBH0BB  if there is rXXXy  ;'Anyv?P!easure-:,:;v:;v;v  in House-  cleaning  ���It is in laying away woolens  and blankets that have been laundered by the Pioneer Laundry.  -Or in putting up curtains    that  .-have been-through our hands. 7  We'certainly do two things well  ���launder woolens and curtains.  PIONEER   ;  I Steam Lacindry  -     010-914 Richards Street. Tel. 810  Branch office In Arcade  ���-"-'���" Tel. 1176.  '   ?    .  i  Aaverths�� In Tbe Independent.  324 Carrall Street  Tliree doors from Hastings Street.;  Telephone 1388.  Choice  lines' of'Confectionery,  Fruits,-  SoftDrlnksandTce Cream.   .,,  Refreshment Parlor���Tea, Coffee, Light A  '���'A.-.. .(Lunches; --:. ? '  PIPES, TOBACCOS;   7    CIGARS. ?  .   ,     Prompt service.;  ������'V���'������'...Open 'till   midnight.  GEO. C. HAMIlToi  W  ���>^aHttf^JiwCw jjiifti'WfrwtPM'*  MI!W/IBWBJSBat<fW��

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