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The Independent May 23, 1903

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 ?iiSfeft  legislative Llbr'y  Mar.  ��|M  THE ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA _  .M8AV1NG9   BANK . T^T 7  '-lii geaarel Banking busIbsss  Transacted.  ���PguTlH-'t"���TT��'rt<T*ff*  Btreet, W.,  fflMiliistiir Avenue, Vanoouver.  n. C. PERHASEST LOAK ASB  Authorized Capital ��� ?10,0C0,0OO  Subscribed Capital -   - 'l,fi00,oix>  Assets Ovcr  -    ���   -  -     800,000  Head Oflice, S21 Cambie Street,  Vancouvor, B. C.  FOUKTH YEAli.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURD \ Y.   MAY -23,   U>03.  -WHOLE NO. 1G:J. Dt*3  Cmmunications Disposed of���Barbers and Clerks Declare in  Favor of Placing the C. P. R. on the Unfair List���  ' 1,500 Hall Shares to be Issued���Strike Fund-  Unfair List���Muir's Bakery.  Ife  mx  I  President Lsimrlel* presided nt Thursday night's meeting ot the Trades nnd  Labor council. Pecretaiy Russell was  nlEo in his place. .J'here were- 111 delegates from 13 unions present. Tliere are  lira 33 unions sending !):'. delegates nt-  llliatcd with the council.  COM M L* NIC AT IONS.  Secretary Barber*-' Internatlotiiil union wrote replying that that body concurred in the resolution passed by Ibe  joint meeting of local executive hoard  .declaring that C. P. R. locnl operations  unfair.   I-'iled.  Secretnry Snng.nor, Vancouver Mln-J  ing association, inviting council to attend meeting Friday night-    Filed.  Prom Mayor Neelands, enclosing copy  oi President Shaughnessy's letter re U.  11. of R. E- slrike- , Piled.  Toronto   District   Labor   council   report of legislative committee on immigration policy.   Parliamentary commlt-  * tee.  ' REPORTS.  Clerks reported that their association  Had passed a resolution concurring in  resolution passed by executive ot unions to Place, the C. P. R. on the unfair list.       '   .   .  Municipal    committee    reported    at  length.'   i        '   ��� .  .-. .Hall- committee reportedrecommend-  '���',, .. Hie' the" Issuing of-1.500 shares. ��� iv' _  IN   GENERAL.  '    The secretary was instructed to procure  bonds ..in   the  sum   of   $3,000  on  Delegate   Williams, ��� who   will   receive  funds for hall.share5-  A conunittee, comprising Delegates  T)e Wolfe. Collin, Gillies, were appointed  to give estimates In proposed alterations of janitor's quarters.  The matter of a proposed,strike fund,  -which was'referred to the unions some  -time ago,' was brought up and discussed, and the previous report ordered to  l>e  printed and sent  to the unions.  The secretary wus instructed to write  to Victoria for 2,000 blank forms for  names to be put on lhe voters' lists.  "MUIR'S BAKERY.  The bakers stated that they had taken  ���n stand in the V. B. of R. E. trouble  by ordering- a," sympathetic strike in  Muir's bakery, but the men there refused to go out. alleging that it was  Illegal. Alter seven weeks waiting,  they wero glad to state that lhe International union had endorsed their ac-  1ion. And now the men in thai sbop  will be called out again. It might be  added that so- far as tho trade was  concerned, that men arc wanted, and  _that"bTisincsS-lir tlie- other-shops-was  good. ' The unions were not helping out  the Rakers' union as they should. That  there were several hotels and boarding  bouses where union men resided taking  -Muir's bread. Also many stores where  union men dealt, took the-bread. If  union men did not help-them, outsiders  <ould not be exacted to do so. (Applause.)  The bakers staled lu reply to a Question that they hud badn S��od ��c!-> ��-  dlscussloii regarding the use of the  union label. Ry the llrst of next month  civery union shop In tho clly would use  the label.  A list of places using Muir's bread  was asked tor.  UNFA I It  LIST.  ' The Laundry  Workers,   lo  a query,  stated that the Excelsior laundry has  been on the unfair list since that body  has been organized.  On motion the Horse Shoo restaurant  was placed on the unfair list.  'A delegate slated that the Sons ot  England had chartered the steamer  Joan long before she was put on the  unfair list tor their annual excursion  to Nanaimo, milking a large deposit  for same, and asked that the council  raise the bun from that vessel ou May  25th. It was brought out in thc discussion that lt would mean a distinct  loss to the charterers if the boat would  bo boycotted and no gain to the owners. The society baa given liberally to  Uhe U. B. of R. E. strike funds, and was  principally, iiuidc up - of workingmen.  In view of tho fairness of the request?  the council ���referred the matter to the  l!.' C. Steaiiishlpnien's society to be  dealt with.'-  BUILM TRADES "GOIJKCIL.  LABOR COMMISSION.  .. There is it feeling against the unfair-,  ness ot counsel belngpermitted to cross  oxuni|ne witnesses before the Labor  Commission, said witnesses? not being  able to engage counsel In;,their own behalf. So; far; as trades. .unionists are  concerned, tliere '-.doesn't?; appear to be  any good reason ,why they heed counsel/unless it:.-.would.'-be to fetch out evidence overlooked by-'.the'commissioners.  Aside from this, they are ibetter. without  a legal adviser. - They 7 should , have,  iiothing. ..;.'to . ''conceal, nothing?!, to  bo??afraid of,7 oveii under ?the. cross  fire of Mr; Bodweli?-7Some opinions expressed; by'trade unionists ai-e(iiot according to the orthodox teachings, Jp  rcsultof bad.union 7schooling, or no  schooling at all.? Np?iiiaiij.shouldJ try-;to  tell more? than? wiui'the -knows, ? or less  than what be should; neither should he  express joff-liand an .opinion on: some:  thing br'vital Import.that lias never oc  curred? lo'him before. VEetter? ���not? talk  at; all ;'liian i.ttilk ? foolish? ?7 ?>:Tt. shows .-''.a,  source;:?6f .weaknescs;?to7 attempt,t��"oov-  er, :Up, ignorance. v The stl:ong: man -ad-  mlts his \veakrieses";?tlie weak ilian tries  tbVcon'ceai his.--T. II.?:Twlgge,.,A'lctoria  'c:oionistXX"Ay;i;XXixX;XX'&V''  "aa MAKERS SISfAINED.  The work of the Building Trades  Council still goes merrily along, and  has Increased to such sin extent that an  additional business agent was appointed two weeks ago, as it takes ono man's  time, to look after the ollice work, talt-  ing propositions for membership in tlie  different unions and, attending to the  all important "labor bureau" department. '.Demand for carpenters and joiners has been fairly good, also for masons and bricklayers, but owing to the  strikes of the miners of Cumberland,  the teamsters,.;, 'longshoremen and  freiglithundlers.here, the supplyVof unskilled- and semi-sklliedvlabbr has been  in'excess of the demand. . .  The strike of the; carpenters'and'joiners nt Victoria has driven quite a number to Vancouver, but they have all  been placed as quickly as'they reported'to headquarters.,.?? V.  We have had many complaints of*  members of the different unions affiliated failing to demand the'card from  other trades than their own..; The "card  system" is a good one when, properly,  looked: after as results of brie year's  work?,unquestionably proves, and the  card system is just What; each Individual makes of it. Failure'to demand  the card; will be followed by a fine when  such liegiectbf duty has.been reported j  and? proved. ;?'?������' ..'������������ .       ���"'.iji'"'  THK Sli�� iMHJaiM  The. International board of the Bakers' union, 'which met at Cleveland,  Ohio, ou May !), 1903, regarding tlie  stand taken by Vancouver local union,  No. 41!, re tho V. B. of R. E. strike, reported as follows: The report may be  read in thc Bakers' Journal of May 10.  "Letters from union, Xo. 46, and also  from members of that union in Vancouver, B. C, complaining against certain  action of. thei union was ;read,      , .  "It was decided to request union, No.  40, to annul tho'finu Imposed on G."A.  Nelson, but on'lhe other baud, sustain  union, No. -10, in their notion und notify  those who failed to abide by the decision of the .union : throor, also request  them to live up to request of-union No.  40."  The cause of the? foregoing, report  was that, the local bakers.union resolved nn Miireh 3 not to bake1'bread supplied to the substitutes that took the  places of the ,I>. B.otR.E. strikers on  the C. P. R.' The shops nffoctod-by this  decision was��� W. D.? Muir's, aiid some  of-the men-employed there-demurred-iit:  the action of the union, nnd refused to  go out on the sympathetic strike as  declared .by the union. It may also be  mentioned thut us soon as the bakers'  union informed other union bosses they  immediately complied with their request, and refused to supply bread,to  thc C. 1'. R.  ���   \- L'-O.-O. P.-EXCURSION.  ,    -.'f-.-/;j.;.',--y  ,ii,'*'." ;     : .      ���'   ;  ���   Great  preparations  are being mime  for the big joint excursion of the four  |city,lodges/>}.theI. p..?C F.to iSVhat;  I'com oii"iiine 12. "The proposed event  has been gotten up for a laudable purpose, namely, that all the profits derived therefrom will be devoted lo the  I. O. 'O. F. Old Men's Home. Every  ouo is welcome. AVe wish the I. O. O.  F. every success.  JOHN  E.   EVANS,  provincial manager Union Mutual Life  Insurance company, is in receipt of the  following card of thanks from Ashcroft,  B. C.:     .    ,*  "Dear "Sir,���Yours of the 12th lost.,  enclosing draft for $3,000, being the  amount of a policy on the life of my  lute husband, James Barnes, in your  company, to hand. 1 beg to thank you  and through you your company for the  promptness that has been shown iu  settling this claim, no vexatious demands having been made upon me In  connection therewith. Yours truly,  "AI. A. UAKNFS.  "Ashcroft, .May 13, 1903." .  MIISL'P THE.UAKEHS.  .We hope that the unions in our midst  will respond without a? murmur lo aid  tlio bakers' unions" of this city. Tho  trade is mio of the very worst; paid,  und the conditions not what they ought  to be. The present trouble between the  union? and Muir's bakery Is till Important to this progressive little union, as  will us organized lnbor In this city.  The bakers have always responded  irost? liberally to the requests of the  different unions when In trouble, and It  is now tip to the local organizations to  return these obligations. And If they  don't do it, how can organized -labor  expect outsiders to come to their assistance. It nuiy be mentioned that  the .'-three .'nearest towns, .namely, New  Westminster, Victoria, AVinnipeg and  .-"cattle pay hotter wages and have better conditions' than? Vancouver.   .  The woodworkers of Now.AVestn'iin-  ster and.'district have now S5,members  In tlielr new union. It is rumored that  a strike will bo brought on shortly If  tho':-mlllsvwon't come to terms.-- The  men are very enthusiastic.  In many ..of the smaller industries  tliere is an extended field for the''employment of white labor heretofer overlooked. -" One of these is the manufacture of shingles which, at the-present  tiiue.enipioy a large amount.of Chinese  and Japanese whoiiy we hold might be  dispensed with.? In another part of .this  paper may be noticed an ad. for ohin-  gle sawyers for a mill; in the TJnited  States,. showing a deficiency in this  class of mill help in that country. At  present in British; Columbia there? is  such? a scarcity of shingie sawyers that  niaiiy, ���Chinese are finding employment  in this capacity, at an inferior wage.  It surely.''requires no prophet to foresee  that? the Chinese having more, than entered the thin end of the .wedge may  oust; the remaining white sawyers unless ? the latter take steps' to teach; enough'white labor to supply the ca'.li in  this direction. AVe are of the opinion  that-it only ,requires a depression?of  the shingle market with curtailed and  cheapening output 'to bring this 'lesson  sharply home.  Take a standard article in this? trade  the'; price paid sawyers in Vancou.veris  fromia i-2 to'if cent's per thousand.? It  Is generally,recbignised,that a fairsaw-  yer under ordinary conditions will cut  an i/yerage' of say 26 thousand 'a--day  iwhion-gives him a; reasonable compen-  ' THE TEAMSTERS.7 il'   V . 7? j'satioirof. say from1 $3.50 ?to ^3.60 a,day.  tW ^amstersVl4ld-:a large mfeetinglTh^  on? AVednesday Vnlglit? and-Tesolved Vin!" ?is ^W^^'t; there are: others no bet  fnvor'o'C: holding the international, con  vention at Niagara,. Falls on ,;August  3rd next.. In all probability?the?-local  union wlllsend a. delegate to this important gathering. AA'e have, been. informed' that the?representatlve:;sent;wlll  be elected to. a most important -.oflice;  one that. wlli;be of very material benefit  to? the.;"home, organization. It' is to be  -hoped .that th'e? vvest.wjllli j weil represented ? at this; important ?s6ssion. .: 7 ,:?,??.  LABOR LITERATURE.  uVII workingmen and others 'should  read the following pamphlets Issued by  the American Federation of Labor:  Organized  Labor,  Its    Struggles, Its  ���Eiiemies,-~aiid-'Fool-Frieiids,-by-Samuel  Gompers.  ��� Some Reasons tor Chinese Exclusion.  History of Trade Unions, hy AVm.  Trant and P. J. iMcGulre.  (Right Hour Primer, by Geo. E. McNeill. .  'Economic and Social Importance of  the Elght-liour Movement,, by Geo.  Gunton.  ������Philosophy, .'of the Eight-hour "Movement,  by. (Lemuel Danryld.  Klght-hour AVorkdny, by Samuel  Gonipers.  lAVlmt -Docs Labor ."Wnnt,. by Samuel  Gompers.  Philosophy of Trade Unions, by Dyer  D. bum.  The "Philosophy of the Labor Movement,", by Geo. E. McNeill.  AVhat Labor Could Do, by John Swln-  tou.  The Safety of the Future Lies In Organized Lnbor. by Henry D. Lloyd.  Uiilversnl Education, by Senator  Henry XV. Blair.  (..'oiiditiou'Of Women Workers, by Ira  M. A'.'iu Etten.  AVhy Wc Unite.      , -    * " '  Report of Discussion on Political Program,? Denver Convention, 1SD4.  -No'Compulsory''Arbitration, by Samuel Gompers.  J. A. Davidson, corner Cambie and  Cordova Sts., is the place where you  get your hair cut In an artistic manner.  ter .compensated ; , which, are equally  hazardous and tliere can be no doubt  -���.'���������. ��� ��� ' .0  that- inany men how,laboring for from  ?L73VtoV$2 ,a? day would be? glad to  have ?the opportunity of" bettering, tlieir  condltioii. A policy of exclusiver.ess in  handicraft,we believe, in a? great measure, is a mistaken one, and one not free  from-'the imputation of :selfislineso, e��-  pocialiy. -.where?, .there ;are? notaenougli?  skilled workmen to supply'-.the demands?  : ,VA??bi-a.nch- of this'1, business .7 which  iiiight;;claim ?the.-' attention lot workers  is .(shingle ��� packing: 7. "Chinese, are ?. now  receiving; froni ,6-l-2;to! 7 "1-2' cents a  ,tho'*ja;ipdf;ahd?-iridl(��Uons.'iireVthat-V^  rate?tends?upward.? Ifi. as it is'reasoii7-  ahle?-..tOf expect, ?the' price touches the  S-?cent mark,7 there is?no reason why  whites should riotbeemployed.. In the  state of Washington wliite packers put  up'40 thousahda day.'^Allowing for the,  better; class of work done here,: n fair  man? should pack 30 tbousand which  .wouldVglve him a Jwage' of ?^2.40a day  for-this semi-skilled.work. It should  not take longer than say. a week or: so.  for any'man with,' fingers ?ordinarily  nimble to .become proficient? The labor  Is light and infinitely "better than  drudgery'at ?2 a? daj;i ���; Most ?of; the other work around the mill could be done  by whites,-without, ?\ve think,7 increasing  the cost of manufacture and that those  employed, it could be suggested,would  then be on hand to pick up; the, more  skilled and : better remunerative  .branches.: .:..:.:? ������'";",-'..���' .; '??';.���:��� X;A;Xl-  ��� A .iurge.'amount jot money in shingle  manufacturing .Js disbursed for, timber,  the? greater ;iteni?;bf ��� cost ?belrig;.labbr.  The standard; price ?iiow .given? for holt  cutting is ?1;25 a cord. Here again there  ar^:notj;^^lyLgnough^vhjjej^  Organized at Chicago���Benefits Provided for Members���The'  Growth of the Union���K. of L. Interference���Shorter ���  Hours Gaining���126,750  Members���Paid  Out   $2,011,279.20  in   Benefits.  The Brotherhood of Carpenters1 and therhood  has  increased   to; 71,27". ? local  RIGS AND ? SADDLE HORSES Always on hand at Hotel North Vancouver.  that there could be. It is safe to say  that 75 per cent, of the timber is cut  by Japanese, who, while not able to accomplish as much work as whites, yet  make $2.50 n day and even better. An  ordinary white having a little practice  in the use of the axe and saw, should  average !P overy day at this work and  numbers of men w'ould do better.  AVith the facts before us as here stated we must come to the conclusion there  is much lo criticise In white labor allowing Orientals to 'use up their employment, taking for themselves inferior occupations. The desire of white,  labor to live I" the city Is perhaps  largely responsible for their disinclination to work In the woods, but the  reason ls not sulllclent to justify their  luck of cnterplrse. It may nlso'be  because few '.white workers and employers have had these facts brought  to. their notice. But In any case they  are not free from blame for the display  of altogether too much apathy.  HO! FOR NANAIMO!  The Sons of England of Vancouver  have, chartered the steamer Joan for  an 'excursion7on May J!5th to Nanalmo  and-return. ' The faro will bc/adults,  il, children, 50-.cents'. This 'trlp.hns  now become an annual affair and. will  bo well patronized.? Only a. limited  number of tickets have been issued, so  procure them Immediately from'.ahyVs.'  of; E. member and tlie comra 1 ttee.. ?;.-"'.  Joiners was organized at aconveiitioii  held-.in'?Chicago, August 12,.isSL Many  local unions had existed prior to [ this  date and several efforts at national or-  gonization had been made, notably in  1S54 and again In 1867, but the brotherhood as at present constituted, claims  its blrthi- from the date first meiition-  ed. The ofllcers consist of a general  president, ? two general vice presidents,  a general secretary-treasurer, and a  fee'ner'ai. executive board of five members, consisting of one from New England states (including New Brunswick  and Nova Scotia), one "from [the middle states (including the provinces of  Ontario and Quebec), one from the  southern-states and two,from the -western states, one of which shall be from  the west of the Mislssippi river (including Manitoba and British Columbia).  The: board has power, to??decide all  points of law, settle grievances, and authorize strikes,iin.conformity witli the  constitution.  .?'���'���: ...   A- .'"' .?���' ���;  V? '���;'." "A'ii ??"Benefits?? V ''"''"������.'-..'-������;;'.  ' The. organization, provides a funeral  benefit of ??100 oil six months' membership and $200; for 'one ? year; a wife's  funeral benefit. isV $25 ? oh? six months':  membership and $50 for one year.? Disability*- benefits are allowed its follows:  $100 on one' year's membership; $200 oii  two .years'; membership; 7$300??on three  yea?rs'?'membership,' aiid? at the?^expiration of .five years' membersliip, 7$4do;  The iirst convention ..after, .organization? ?was:;hel(V-lH?>PhIladelphia;Viri;Cl.SS2;  The second .was coiivened'in,?New York  in 188-1, the convention ot 1SS3 being  postponed in order to .place the unions  on a better foundation, giving them  more opportunity to -ascertain the actual requirements of the organization  and-become more; famliiar with the  constitution. Since, that time thepro-  gress.of the'Brotherhood has beeii oii-  ward arid upward.' The struggle. has  been at.times a dlfllcult one." The. -;  V -Growth of the-Movement .'���; ���  has not been spasmodic, but of nsteady  continuous character, .iridicatlng 7'that  the founders of the order. built,: both'  wisely and well..'-The principal trouble  appeared to -,be with the Knights of  Labor, irimany instances clashes occurred among carpenters holdihg Brotherhood cards: mid members of the  Knights of Labor, and .Carpenters'. Assembly, Knights of Laboi',.;'of Troy, :N.  ,Y., refused to, work,' with. members ? of  the Brotherhood and struck against  them. At that time, unfortunately for  the .cause of labor, '.'was discerned a  secret' n?nd formidable movement of a  pertain clejvieiUTW^t^h^^h^I^U^i^of  Labor, bent upon hostility tTTTfade  unions and aiming to attack them singly, and, if .possible, encompass their  destruction." At the sumo time "friendly relations were maintained .between  the Brotherhood of this countiy anil  the Carpenters' unions of Great Britain,  Germany, France, and other European  countries." Shortly after the organization of the Brotherhood the movement  for  Shorter Hours  and better conditions wus stinted. Efforts to secure tho nine-hour day were  successful in the spring of 1SS5 in n  number of places throughout the country, particularly on Uie Paclllc 'coast.  A reduction in hours of labor on Saturday In Philadelphia, Boston, Hurt-  ford and St. Catherines. Ont., had been  accomplished, and a strong central body  known as the Short Hour ? league hud  been organized in Philadelphia. The  movement for eight liours was inaugurated In the'following year. 1880, and  was of a general character by thc Brotherhood. At the ' convention held In  Buffalo, N. Y��� In August. Of that year,  the general secretary reported that,  "2,48(1 of the members arc working eight  liours per day; 5,-S:;i are on nine hours,  per day, and 1,11$'arc.-having'���shorter  liours ou Saturdays." -At present the  number of cities where the eight-hour  day is the rule is 2S3, and the liuiiibci  ot members benefited nearly,' 00,000.  Prom'12 local unions, in; ]SSl,_tlie Bro-  uniona -at the present? writing, andfrom  a'.-membership of 2,042. it has grown to  120,750,;?thus, fulfilling in a remarkable  degree the predictions uttered by the  general secretary-treasurer, dt the Buffalo convention in 1SSG, "that, from  'Present Indications, ?  our society, before niany years, .will bo  one ot the most powerful trade organizations in America, and second to none  in point of member's and financial standing." Its jurisdiction extends from  Halifax; N. S.,.to the.Pacific.coast, arid  froniiQuebec to.Galveston, and recognizes no distinction? on account of color,; race, nationality, religion, ?6i- poll-  tics: ��� its inembers recognizing? each  otlier . only, as ? American ..-.workmen,  bound together for one purpose���the  elevation*of tlie'liuman race and7the  securing of .what they? 'believe���" them-  sel ves 'justly entitled to. 7 It is a w ell-  kr.own. facP tliat labor organizations,  to be successful.mitst have good financial management. The .Brotherhood has  been fortunate, in this respect: -Every,  (legitimate claiiii;?,7against It has ,'been  ' paid, ? iind a balance remains in the  treasury. Even during -those1 years o��  business depression (lS02-93):thls';proud  record was; not broken? iind the organ-  Izatibn'emei'ged from tha t period, ilia  'condition-prepared;,?-to -take': advantage  of the return of;,?;:? ?--.;7;7 j  , ������J'ili-Xi, jv Prosperous ;Tinies... ,77;.. '  ,.-;Puiiiig???the 21 .years ,of .Its? existence)  the Brotherhood has paid out? in: strike  benefits'?^95',sis;29;��death!aiid disability; ^  benefits,- $815,400.91,'.iiiiiking 117total ot  '$l,I11.2"a.?20V; ?Tb? ibisVsum,. liirgojas it  is, must be 'added sick , benefits*, paid  by the local unions during: the" same  piriod,7amouiit!iig;,lii the aggregate ta  over $900,000, bringing the total sum to  $2,011,279.20 expended by the carpenters  for the relief of widows and '.orphans,  ond ;to? aid their disabled, ,sick, una  distressed '.union'?men.' .The outlook for  the future is of; the most encouraging  character. ?'���?. Unions are springing up  In portions of ? the. country,. where the  meaning of union ism ?w;as, entirely unknown.??? ?, ?:..?'���??���?���;,.. yA-A.A i Xii; \  ,7 .Applications  for .Charters '  ii re,.coming, In? to the generiil .ollice at  a rapid rate, aiid 11 Is, not- too liiueh to  predict that with|ii?;.?a? comparatively'  short' time.7 the? fifteen' hundred 'notch  will "be reached.; A long, strong pull  on. behalf of .the; membership of the  Brotherhnqd is the .only: thiiiguiieces-  sary ? to nccoinpiish' the desired? result.  Frank Duffy, secretary-treasurer Brotherhood of Carpenters. . ;  ? The local branch in. this t-ity was  formed on7 May? 19. 1890. and has bad:;i  WiWDlOUS^gTowtlfri ts-jnciiibership-is^^  now ai-iiund the 200 niark, and Is still  growing. A...li. Collin is pri'sidcitt. L.  (?. De AVolf vice, ���and Ceo. Dobbin ���"secretary.- The union?meets the second  and fourth Wednesday in each month.  It may be mentioned that ihe. Amalgamated Socicty^ot: Carpenters have nlst\  a local branch which also has a large  membership.  The people, of, Lardo, a little town nS  the head of 'Kootenay lake, do not like  Chinese-nnd ihey-do not like-the way  the Chinese have been foisted on tlieni.  it seems.ii.-company having a lease of  placer griiund 011 11 creek -lit'iir-Lardo  have rented;the grouiid. to Chinese,, not..  lo work it us a niiiiiiig proposition, but ,  as a market garden: and to make the  matter worse from the .point of view of  the., people of Lardo. the'mining coiiipany .thiough llie Konti-nlaii of K.hsIo.  announced.. thiit they ';-;li.".ve resmrieii  work. nn."their.-;.placer ground witli n.  good sized" foive of lvicn?,-*Cliiiiest! are  not-liked in the Kootenrtys.-'riind .the  people resent th'e.'.ef foi'lstiuif are being  made;.from tinio to '.time to Install thum  ln?places?that.liave boi'ii'free.froi'ii tlunr  presence���Nelson Tribune.  ���:It is announced"? ?;that7:;tlie; CieiieralVf:  Manager's Associiition? at?Chicago, lily[X  is seeking :ui agreeineiii ?wlth all rail-???-  roads centering..in? that .city7to-; resist ';'??  further demands' on? the.iiiirt of raiiroaU?!?'  employees.;,...;. ?-;7!,?;7;7-;?,,;?:,..,.".;,,.>.7.?;A-c-A^iX��� xn «sr»r.ra;«ca; menu
e»^MjTiJtfti*Mi '•. iw v^nVwij^.'.iirtm
.MAT 23, IMS
PUBLISH Kl>  wukkly' in  thk   in-
,     BV '
the ini)1-:i'i-;ndi-:n*t printing com-
couvion, B. C.    ■ ■
other     socialist papers     put together,
l.i-iiillng 'writers on lhe economic quiM-,
linn i-Miiu-ibiili' weekly    to lhat paper.
j representing various schools of thought.
I which   musl   loiiiiDiuid   attention.   Tho
I <.-:ii tixuis .-n-e also must telling.   The element at liiileniess Is cm out, nnd facts
nre presented.    It ilon't make any dlf-
lereme   In   ns   whether  th'e  venture   i.s
run by capitalists or not so long as .It
keeps up lis present standard.
A week. 5 corn's; niontli, ir. cenls; three
monihs, -". cents; six months, SO cents;
one year, $1.60.
- TOR1A.
The Independent can always be had
at Galloway's book store, arcade.
Lawyer Knppele on Monday had the
distinguish!!! honor of delivering the
sliiiiti'st" iiiblrcss ever made in the
Ci'iini House Il was: "Cicntlemen of
lhe jury." Tlie judge thought this suf-
lkieinly eiinvliulng und he won out.
Tin'ease was the Japanese Infant murder. -."''-.
....MAY  211.   t<J0:t
'Wlien  »■ man  "blows his own  horn"
keep your w'c-atlier eye on him.
Shaughni'ssy says ho doesn't know of
u strike at Vancouver. ."Wouldn't that
jar you.
A would-be socialist with u little
learning is u dangerous individual In
the community.        ■•    .   ■   ' ■ • «
Sir .Thomas is not necessarily a. stiff,
because'lib hobnobs witli a.i'iirpse in his
slilp of state, onwai-'l hound Ui ■Victoria.
Our M'oi-st enemies in the labor inove-
men are thoso who never woi-k..uml yet
haye the most to say In limes of tiouble. A"
Of all the -tllspicu.hle 'wretches in. the
union is. the oiie who is ever lonkiiig
for office- Of course, this don't apply
in A'ancouver.
"'The? ..constitution be. „daiiined"
should be written in" letters, .'of brass
over the door of the attorney-general's
'sanctum at vietoria.
It?is slated tli.-U a soelalisl: |iaperwill
be started shortly at Vlclniia. . Also
'that another-.will be luunched at,Steveston for ihe fishing-season.-.'
..-■Jlf..Sir..;Thiimiis .doesn't,7 know the
meaning of; the .word "si like" in Rng-.
lish lie might '■understand it in hl's native Irish. . He", no savoy   Ingllsli.
■,,., Delegates to. the Trades and Labor
Council must represent the views of
their unions rather than .their 'own If
that body Is to be a power in the i.'oin-
•?'Totlie newspaper roporier .Slr-Thom-
. as says: "I'm not aware of any strike."-
To the mayor lie says: "Miii'.l your
own business, ynurs very truly." .We'll
count one for his'nobs.
Every '.young  mnn, should .-study, tlie
subject  of  single:tax   before 'tackling
: something more ponderous in the school
'•of-economics.   It Is safe to say Uiat not
one' voter, in ■> fifty-     iiiiderstands  it.
■'.-?though ihey should. .''"■■
There are, British Columbians., wh"
consider (hut ihere was something singularly appropriate' in the carriage of.a
corpse n. Victoria, in the same boat as
Sir Tliouuis. It surely signifies the snaking »f a dead Issue of the "railway
graft 'policy" or this much mulcted
Hon'.'' Mr. hlliei-is gives his word ror it
tliat he never aeied professionally for
the Columbia. &■ Western, otherwise the
C. P.": 11. However, he did his level
best as a volunteer, for Iri season and
out of season he strove hard to make
his colleagues iri the ministry hand
over those crow'n grants and the title
lo public properly worth ' $10,000,000 or
WiienSir iiionias Shaughiiessy Irav-
eiled in solemn' state to Victoria the
other night, on the'.SS.-■.Yosemite. ui-
eoniliaiiied b.v a irusty band otrciain-
crs, the .chief other passenger on board
was a corpse in a casket. 'Sir Thomas
loll a''little slilT himself under the ntr-
eiiniKlaiiees and Daino Ituinor lias it
Hint tbe worthy knight wished heartily'
thut his littl'o riieiHl Wells was only as
harmless as the said silent one:
The prnvinciul attorney-general .has
made another record by admitting that
though he still stays in -the'Prior7 min-
isiv.v'he slill strongly condemns its
railway-grunt cancellation bill, one of
the most .important measures ever pass-;
ed by. il?'provincial ministry. Any other
inan. ol- course, would have resigned
lung since, ami uny otlier "premier but
Col. I'rU.r ; would liB.ve demanded his
resignation nocprding to eonstltutlon.'il
usage in llie, liritish world. "Anything
I'm- place" is evidently Hie Khcrts'Tani-
'ily inoilii, or ir ll isn't it 'certainly
should be.
"The i.'. -1'. H. president ■'when? at, Aie-.
li'.i'ia' Tuesday admitted that although
his company did mighty' well, us we all
know It'llld'In respect to the huge dominion subsidy to lhe (.'row's Nest l.'ass-
Uiiilwiiy section, the <'. P. II. was. as
be puis It. ''rather mil of it letling the-
l-lritish'Columbia Southern people (Hon.
Col. Haker &; Cn;)." retain niul- dispose
'of tilm'ut "only"' lOO.DOO acres ol- con I
anil other lands. "II'.. we'd only of.
known llieir foal value then." he said
in' I'lTcut, "those otlier fellows'.wouldn't
have gut I'ltilte so much out of us." Toil
l.ii.i they wouldn't. We're with you this
I hue. Sir'Thomas'..   .
AVhy .doesn't Sir Henri send I'or. Sam
Oothard or ths Hon. Hilly .Mcinnes io
hei'd up a new ministry. Billy, by the
Way, seems- to he about the "only minister left iiot tangled up in tlie present
mess at A'lctoria. -■ ,    '     ■   '
Independent by circulating the lying
statement that it is negotiating I'or a
purchaser. The Independent has weathered many a storm and been villllled
.'ind lied about by some mentally weak
but ambitious creatures whom It has
tried to liouesily befriend, and yet it
still retains a clean reputation second
to none published, it this kind or thing
is to bo persisted In under the Honk of
unionism Just wnlch our smoke.
- Wc confess we cnu'l und'-'i'sfaiid why
so many soelnlist pnpers show such bitter hostility to 1 Joyce's weekly of Chicago. That paper Is doing Just as much. If
not  more,   Ikir snrliillMU   thnn  all   llu:
- The socialist- party is'n political-pur-'
ly formed, for the solo object' ol\cap-
luring the reigns ol- goveriinieiif power,
.lust the same as the conservatives or
liberals. Labor unions arc organised
for thc specific purpose of regulating
the different trades and. occupations
and also, the shortening of working
hours. There Is at prcser.t-a great ileal
-ol-dissut Isfact lon=maiii !-estedil"=a---nuii'-
ber of unions and a large uiiiount ot
talk that many of thein intend withdrawing .from the Trades and Lalior
Council If it Is to be,turned Into ;.• soelalisl Institution. ' They simply won't
stand   for  It.
His inost likely ibeAiiiiilgamated Society of Street. Hallway Employees will
create n ilcl'enee fund siillleient to
«;i;iianlee to all men. aulboiised to
yH'Ike. thi'lr regular wages.'Tho present
per en).Un Is six cents per month, inn
lhe new plan wil menu lhe Increasing
of ..I he dues.
1 \
fiX   i
?,![■■■■ ■    2
0 ■■■>   ♦
l-."?:. ♦
y t
€   ■♦.
f ? |
WX    9
t|-V     ♦
' ♦
.' ♦
•   ■:..■   -■♦
Tbe Jeweler and  ©ia na.id,'Msrc'aa nt
Official Watch Inspector of the C. P. R.
WHBTE'S.". . ■;■■•.
Are Always
tbe finest
m-mw We Oo ileveloping and linishing for
lUnutuuriind proffosionul plHitograpiiers. 1'ic
turo framing.
Two No. 1 upright ".ma-
chino shinglo.csawyers; Dunbar machine; 16 cents per
thousand; good average tim-
un night and dav.
Burlington, Wash.
is published at
' '   'VANCOUVER, B. C.     "[     •
11. a.i'igcs every. Saturday morning,
and Is sent to any address on this
broad continent for }tj year.
7 '" ■■   .'•■■•■■"    '     5- .      ■.■■-':'■■'
A. limited number of ads. are always
nciieiilnble. ?, .'-..■
■7       ■ ■      "..-IV: ''•        ■•'■ '.'"■■
You will  miss something if you  do
not.'. •. •'_ ■ i?..
Read It fa-Day
♦ CO TO .mam..;.;;;
H £\ »r% a m d
noniy s
i:W HASTINiisSi-iuhT East,"    '■•
fur the iniiBt delicious ICC CREAM)
served in the cleunesc, brightest niul
nirli'St|jaiior in Ilm cily. -     T.
H. ASBECK, Proprietor.
49'Powell Street, VANCOUVER, .13. C.
Terms $1.00 per day,
If vou appreciate a good.smoke call at
662  Granville   St.,  Vancouver
And secure a lirst-closs UNION 3IADE
CIGAR.    ■?■ X    ■';;■
Note the number: G62 Granville Street
+0-0+000 +0+000+00 +
uf Vancouver and elsewhere to support
and purchase the goods of u fair ilrm
why should they not condemn mid ItK-
FUSH TO PURCHASE the goods of
unfair concerns? The liUILOING
tltADKS COUNCIL endorsed liy thc
Trades and Labor council, has placed
Cor.   Westminster  avenue  and   Harris
Jewellers, Cordova street.
I!.  0.   BUCHANAN & CO..
Glassware,- Hastings  street,
on   (he
Members of these drills awarded the
lonlnict for building thc proposed big
ilcpai'tmontul store ou'conicr nf Hast-
liigs and  Abbott  streets  to   15.  COOK,
a   hitler opponent-of organized   labor.
Finance—Aid. McQueen (chnlrninn),
Grant, McGuigan, Brown, Wood. Meets,
every Thursday at 4 p. m.
Fire and Police—Aid. Brown (chairman), Grant, McQueen, Wilson, Morion. Meets second and fourth Tuesday
at A p. m.
Board of Health—Aid. McGuigan
(chairman), Grant/McQueen, Mncphcr-
uon, Morton. .Meets,first nnd ihlid
Wednesday at .4 p. m.
Water and Market—Aid. Wood
(chairman). Bethune, Cook, Wilson,
Macpherson. Jleets second and fouith
Wednesday at 4 p. m.
49-~++4) • .94). . »»--..»»■.-..»»
.'';':".AT   *\"
170    Cordova     St.,   Vnncoaver.
T     We reach wherever the mails
|   reach.
^^►■.■■.■$$'.".'i$'^.".'fr$.."..3$.0"l. + $
Blue Label
Cigar Factory
Carpenter and Joiner
516-518 Seymour St.
Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.
All kinds of work in this line promptly attended to. ?    K
• '• • • 9 •'•••••'•• O ••••••• •
On  FRIDAY, MAY 1ST, of Millin-
,    ery and Dry Goods.   MILLINERY,
the latest styles from Toronto.   My
"stock is new and prices'to suit customers in every line—not excelled in
the    city.     LADIES   CORDIALLY
,     INVITED.   '?■;■      ,.
Columbia Hotel
Under new management-..? Dining
Room Unsurpassed. Everything Newly Renovated. RATES—H a Day, Special Rate by the Week. Louis Adams
and James Guthrie, Proprietors.
The King Studio
(Next Arcade), have nn excellence thnt
please and ore dully winning favor.
It will be to your own interest to.ln-
spe'et our work and compare prices.
'PHONE 1040.
Telephone 1—2—5 for n fine livery
turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace Livery
Stables.   .','.
Hotel North Vancouver, finest summer resort on 'the coast. Overlooking
Burrard Inlet.   Rates moderate.
Buy and wear union stamp shoes,
and thus protect the labor movement
against independent and hostile factions that retard the recognized trade
The union stamp on shoes is found
on the sole, insole or lining of all union
made shoes. Shoes without the stamp
are convict, non-union or unfair.
•Patronize tho labels of all crafts.
Demand the Retail Clerks' union card
In all stores.
Takes a Boy
to test the wcnrlnR quality or a stocking. If it's possible to kick *
hole in them he will do It.' BLACK CAT HOSE gives him the hnrdest struggle to wear them out he ever had. Every stitch delles rough wear. They
are double nt the knees, the heels, the toes, giving long life nnd perfect satis*
faction. PRICES 25c and 40c. XVe are the sole agents In this city for Boys*
"Black Cat Hose.   Everything in boys' wenr nt ,,'   .   '
Telephonk 702.
309 to 315 Hastings St. W.
++++++*>+<>+■ ++++++++++++++++++++++++I
of hurrying about buying Lifo Insurance so many men think and say. At
lenst two strong reasons aro: Go od health is uncertain; increased coBt is
certain.   What's  tho uso of waiting might better bo said I ■•"-.■
may bo depended upon to protect throughout the varying experiences    of
human lifo, to faithfully guard tho interests    of the    insured, and to be
promptly cashed when they becomo payable.-   Values and privileges abound
and   aro   conveniently-available.  Detailed facts gladly furnished..
After threo years tlio Union Mutual Policies do not Iwcome void by failure
to pay premiums, the Main Non-Forfeiture' \aiff without action of.the
Policy-holder, continuing the Insurance for a Spocifled length of time.
Union ftlutual Life InsuranceCo
PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.
Call or write for particulars and plana
Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.
J. E. EVANS, Provincial, Manager.
COLIN  CAMERON,  Special  Agent.   , ["'[.["ix~
+■++00 + 00009000+ + + 0000000 0000000 + +Mt i
i t'i
New, modern and strictly first-class;
good sample rooms; Ireo 'bus. Week
days—Breakfast 7 to 10 a. m.,[- lunch
12 m. to 2 p. m., dinner, <3 to 8 p. m.
Sundays—Brcaklast 7:30 to 10:30 a.
m., lunch 12:30 to 2 p. in., dinner, 5:301
to 7:30 p. m? Hates J2 and upwards
per day. HAYWOOD [& TRESCOTT;.
Proprietors. ? 7 ■;   ,'.-
,.y>: ........;■■■■ VBR..'-B...'0.-.;!-?i."?'■;:
Restaurant and Bar.■--, Breakfast 6 to
10, merchants' lunch 11? to 2, 25c; dinner 5 to 8, 25c; lunches put'up; eastern and ,01ympia?n oysters; short-' orders a specialty y at all hours;
meal tickets $4; best? 25c.7 meal in 7 the
city.    I.T)'.'. BURTON. Proprietor,   yi
VER.    .''■■■
Having the only up-to-date grill room
:u British Columbia, which in itself is a
guarantee of a first-classy hotel and restaurant. 7 Business Men's LUNCH,.from
Um? to 2:30 p. in., only 25 cents.'
Makes a specialty of Dewar's ? special
liqueur, also Usher's: black label liq\ieur
whiskey.?. Large stock of imported and
domestic cigars. .Finest ■', billiard and
pool tables." -R. B. MULLIGAN &'
CO.?  Proprietors.
4^     Vancouver's   Pioneer    ClotheB     ^k
?r      Kcaovator, niakcE a suit new.    • ^r
Dyeing and Repairing.
216 Uammk St., Vanoodvkr.
Pacific Bottling
Importers and Bottlers
meets Wednesday evenings; visiting
brethren welcome.   Bert Parsons, W.
P.: J. G. Ure, W. S., Arcade.
of Fire or Injurv
Health when you use
The price is ? now
such that almostS ey- ■
V erybody can afford it.
Once .■;■ used, alwayis
used. Apply, atvOt-
' ficci-bf ■-■' "-".-?
Cot. Garrall and Hastings
,? ■?-VV.".''? ?'',?■-': Streets.- ''-XX:
Maoe Excltoively' fbom B.C' Furor.
When making a trip around tho :'■'
,    Park call on
, Lighthouse
Transcontinental Passenger Train
leaves dally at 14 o'clock.
Seattle and Whatcom Express leave*
?daily   at 8:50  o'clock. -
Empress of China ....
Empress of India	
..May 4
.May 26
aiioweia  May 1
Aorangl  May 29
Moana - june 2«
And every four weeks thereafter.
For full particulars aa lo time, rate*
etc., apply to
A. Q. P. A. Ticket Agent,
Vancouver, B, C.    tis Hasting* «.
TeBoouTer, B.G.
Z*rraf*zzssti3 ���X^JA  SATURDAY.  ...MAY '23, 1905  THE INDEPEN' ENT.  *^��t*H*^t^((^��i^K��^^K^^^  I*     999  Successor to Avenue Crockery Company.  ;.J   .The place to get values in\        'fe  j       ''Xi; CROCKERY, GLASSWARE,  I ENAMELED IRON AND TINWARE.  * .. ...�� . ������'���$���  % A full stock of Paints going at cost. ���'- ������'���-,. .'-." J  .'+        ������'*���.- ��� �� '��� ;i*  ���&��� Telephone 931. 438 Westminster Avenue. ��  et;  By Our Own Correspondent.'  The men employed on the sewers receive their? wages twice a month. This  ': gives general satisfaction. A rumor is  ..'current, that .'commencing..in' June,  .monthly payments Will be made. It Is  .hoped that the rumor Is false.*  '..'.'    .��� "  Kcllable information hus been received,that 20 miners from Butte, Montana,  'TT. S. A., are going to .Quatsiiin,;via  A'lctoria,'and will reach this city about  the 19th or,20th inst. It is also reported  that they are coining under contract,  1 this notwithstanding the fact that there,  are a great many idle miners now on  the Island. - Steps will be immediately  ^aken to enforce the alien labor law.  LA130REUS'   UNION.  Tlie Laborers' union held''its regular  meetingih Labor hail oh Friday? 15th.  .Forty  hew members    were    initiated,  . making a total of 51 for the .month of  .May.   Thc'union is inn -''flourishing eon-  Uiticm and anticipates a large increase  in membership this,summer.  It is sug-  . sestoil that '.'meetings. take place/every  week during the summer months.7 The  business meetings to be on the Iirst aiid  .third Friday, and educational meetings  -on the second anil fourth Friday.   On  tlie first meeting : in   June;after the  .transaction   of   regular   business,   the  hull Will be ,'oiien to? members of other  unions, and .President- A. Johnson will  . uddress the- meeting, the subject being  '���The ? Labor .Question." .'?A11? trades iin-.  . ionlsts are?invited to attend??; V  jlFOR  SI101?tTER??HOUBS."i.yi'l  At the.request-of uiii,on:members civi-  �����;*.\ved by? the? Brackman ? &??Keiv Millr  .ing company, a committee of the La--  borer's union interviewed the manager,  llr. Ket;, ;withVa?7vlew? If ;poSSible.?''to  . have the liours of "labor., of the mill employees reduced[from; 10'to 9. The committee, was cordially?-received,;-'and the  matter discussed at length.? While? no,  ��� definite answer was given, the .com?  mil tee feel confident that the management-will devise some way whereby  the request.; of the employees';?wlli be  Ki'iinted.-" It may; be;sald that7 all the  employees are pleased? and satislied  with tlie treatment they receive from  the company,  but., as the "tendency'..is  ���to a reduction in the hours: of 'lubor,  ���and as nearly all employers of labor in  Victoria now work their employees not  -.more than nine hours a day, ihey. feel  that   tliey   wo'tld? like,'to? receive   the  same concession from their, employers.  The committee will again 'meet 7.Mr.  Ker on the Wednesday preceding the  next regular meeting of the .union for  further discussion.   ?������ ??; ?  .;��� . V  CO-OPERATION    AND    TRADES  '.?���'??.���? .UNIONS. W.?  Amongst  the important, features of  lhe co-operative movement, the educu-  -���-lioiiaUvaliifcOlkvvhiciuit'.lsJmppj^slbleJo  ���oxnSBurnte, Is the inducement to thrift.  .Membership in a co-operative organization not only carries with it this iii-  ��� ducement, but It munificentlyrewards  'the thrift and prudence It promotes.   A  workman who hns accumulated a lew  ���dollars in the store'.or Industry, soon  comes to comprehend the functions of  I (           l^1  .*������������������������������������������������������������  ".���  ���>: :���.. ,  im  Vi           ���  IV                '9  ALL UNION MINERS  0  ' ���  \)                *'  SHOULD WEAR THE  ft  ���   ������...      .- ' -  ���  \)                 9  (                 ���  /fij^xlki  ���  ���  ' 1                  ���  ^iA^^^B  ���  ll                f  ';: ft^^p  ���  "V  ^���^js^er  9  1                  *  x��j5^r  9  9  i    t  Special "Miners" Over  9  9  5   i  alls, Jumpers and  9  9-  ���{���        ���  'I'    ;?:.;?-���  Smocks.  9  9  made of fullweight denim, double  9  i       -������  stitched and riveted, high walst-  9  VI    ���' . ��� ���'  *!������"���   ���*���  ed, roomy seated, iron -wear.  9  9  f-,'        ���  Made by  9  [X       ft  9  y*.i     9  ���THE-   ������-. ���  '������������  t             o  H         'ft  HUNK!.  .9  : ���  9  V            ���  .        (LIMITED.)  9  9  ���9  V    ?  The oldest .Union  Overall Fac  f,          9  tory in the West.?  9  9  ft  MAW'S BLOCK, WJ.M-llPIO, MAS.  �����C��9o9��9��909��9��O*9o��eO  capital-'in a new light, and instead of  looking upon capital as some mysterious agent for- tlie oppression of labor,  sees ,in it an indispenslble agent for  progress.- He begins to understand that  membership of? theeo-bperatlve society  increases, his strength as a member  of his trade union; that trade unionism; and co-operation are complimentary to.each other, nnd'that in'perform-  Ing Its? own particular function, each  movement benefits and increases, the  strength of the other. The accumulated  profits*'of co-oepratlve trade invested  in the store by its unionist* members,  form ? splendid reserves? of strength: to  such unionists, and the support which  particularly in recent years'* has been  extended by the co-pperatlve movement  of; England to the various unions when  struggling to. maintain their standard  rate, or to increase the standard of  life of their.��� members.'-7 iia's opened the  eyes.-of. many-'unionists ..to-tlia;benellts  of, tiie co-operativeJ movement, and .the  true relationship of 'thei.moyement to  each otlier. ,But,'in addition to this,  tlie possession of'n?-'few-dollars of capital promotes a wider and more?active  interest in the affairs of societyVvAVith?  this? accumulation of,-profit, the member ?b'esi��s,? however, ��� elementarily, at  llrst, to sec the nature and use of the  balance sheet,?whilst his attendance, at  meetings and his? interest in -tlie matters' there "discussed, tend;to- extend his  view of life, and; to lift hiinout of ^the  iiarrow'7r'ut of: his daily.toilV;giviiighim  ail .education iiot7to?' be obtained in  books?.."The- private money .getting.of  almost everyone is more-or less.a mechanical'routine;, it.brings few? of ; his  ���faculties..- into action' Whilst its.exclu--  siyepurauit. tends to fasten his atten-  tloii.iind interest exelusiveiy upon himself, aiid uponhis; faniily.as an appendage. of .lilmself,. making ..him indlffer-  ,ent to the public, to the,moi-e generous  objects:aiid the noble interests, and in  his individual regard for his personal  comforts, 'selfish and cowardly. Balance these tendencies by. contrary,ones,  give him'something to' do'for. the public,'? whether as a. councilman, juryman,  or an elector,-and iii tlmt degree .his  ideas and7?feellngs'?ai'e 'taken? out ot  tills narrow.'circle; . He .becomes ac-  nuiilnted with more :'varled; business  and a larger range, of? considerations.;  He is made to feel that besides the interests which separate him from his  fellow? ���citizens"; he'-' has Inteiests��� ���\yii'ch  cunnect-with them; that not only.the  com mon . weal Is, h is weal, but tha tit  partly depends upon his .exertions.  AWAKENING OF LABOR.  .���'���'; Those wlio have "noticed the great results already achieved by; organized  labor can afford to be patient���time is  on the side of the labor, union movement.Yes. time is, no ddiibt on; our  cnt teachers that our welfare depends  upon the possession of material things  and that as material things are necessarily limited, their possession must be  striven for, every ninn's hand in the  struggle   being   of   necessity   against  his       neighbor.        This       is   .   thc  primary      fact.      It     Is      said,     of  human   society;   iind   all   law,   jurisprudence, compacts government, an well  as communities, fellowships and unions,  ire only so many fruits of human, suspicion, so many compromises as to the  extent to which each man should lie allowed to take advantage of his neighbor.     Some of these modern Teachers  nave heen taking trade unions ..to task  and telling,them   that competition   is,  and must?always remain, the real and  the only check? upon masters and work  people,   buyers  and   sellers',   producers  and consumers.   We are toid that? "only,  lunatics question ..this 'eternal fact; and  the sooner workpeople recognise tliis,  and keep themselves free to. take advantage   of our employers', jealousies,  and to compete against one another for  work, the better It will be for the country."    We are told  that? "depressions,  of''-trade liave always occurred period!-;  cally?? from ��� over  production7 and,, no  doubt, always will,'.' and also that over  production is the result of tha ���miscalculations' of employers and speculative  traders''.?tis. to  the' quantity  of? goods,  which wiir be required.   But when the  Unionists assent to this, and. claiming  the right to tlilnk/'ile'sire.to check these  miscalculations of employers nnd- speculative' traders by their own .common  sense, and. to resist their, mlschevlous  efforts at over-production ���by.,Jimltlrig  production,  language scarcely .can  be  found strong" enough to denounce their  presumption and folly".Right to'think  oii suclv a. subject! "Keep   your   own  places,, mind your own duties, save.^ut  of your.high.wages in prosperous times  ainst periods of depression of trade,  which your employers and  their? customers wiil most, assuredly provide for  you' periodically in?the future, as they  have iii 'the? past.   . "Don't presume to  meddle. with? external?,laws,..you -foolish workmen. '?WTiatrgood can any��� human .being hope for out of? such talk  as tliis?   According. ,.tp such teafliera  the pattern workman should?be,a sort  of gutta-percha'figure,?which..its7owner may, squeeze'iiitb anj;..'shape.?lie?likes  ���who will?work quietly? for .any number  of .hours his employers may fix;? and receive at all  times the highest wages  he?:caii;get, .by .the ..simple'process.of;  .uiiderblddlnffVailihis fellows.. It may be  well, .perhaps, to linformall such eiiat-  Ic.7'aiid7 dangerous? teachers ..that  It  Is  tlie opinion of working men and partlc-  ulai'ly?,' orgnnIsed     working? nieii,  that  (1)    That, huinaii'?socitty,; is  a  body  consisting-of many-members, not.acol-  lectloii of.warring atoms; (2) ?That?true  workmen must befellowworkm.en.aiid  not rivals; (3), Thattheprinciple of justice,? not?- of selfishness,  inust :goveinor,  exchanges. ?:.-���-'���'.'.': "J[:j-X A"'  ;:':- V'?--7?' V  side; and not only tnTi^bin??fhcr?7ivhole  drift? and tendency of modern 1 ife? and  modern ideas. The power of association to lift the -musses"of the people, in  every country to a fuller and higher  i;llIzenshlp, to give them a . stoadily-  Incrciising influence, not only on the  conditions of' their own lines, but on  iiatlonal,iifrairs and national life, Is the  most obvious, as well as the most "important phenomenon of the beginning  of, the twentieth century In which we  arc living. Industrial -association is  the latest brion ?6f tlie? forces at work  In iiiodcrii society anil'���themost potent  for good or evil. Statesmen and'politicians iuok at it with considerable  misgivings; while it haunts the dreams  of timid persons, who clothe,It wllh all  sorts of dreadful attributes,;; and give  lt bad'names. And'no one-win be. Inclined to deiiy that tliere is Iniinite danger, as well as iniinite hopo, for society  hi-this making u|i of? its largest7class.  The very name lhat class has hitherto  been known by. "the musses.'' proves  that it has not till our day asserted Itself, or been recognised 'as 'u. part of organized society.; And this name, "the  masses," aptly described its.condltlon���  a floating mass of atoms,withoutV-co-  hc-i'eiice. or order, aiid, therefore, without? power.?. 'But that state of things  has passed never to return. The atoms,  have learnt? or are fast, learning, how.  to combine; and tlie all important question for every 7 nation .is7 upon? what  principles? these masses sliall organize  themselves.Vwe are ��� told by many emin-  '    REPLY TO MR.  JACKSON.  To the Editor of Tub Ixdbi'F.xdkxt:  . Sir?���R.E.: .Taekson endeavors ~to" deal  with ?the" labor question in7 a. letter' to  'he  Colonist,  of  the;- lGtii- ultimo.   He  therein  states   that   "ah "'early ���? closing  by-law, is "an Infringement on? the liberty; of the' subject."? It..this statement  Is correct,? then, all. law Is'.likewise, an  infringement.on-7liberty.of. the subject.  The: opposite, view may? be represflnted  as'follows:   In lSHtithirtceii oiit?of'fifteen barbers.in this city petitioned the  request was not   .      -,'/.. .....      ?'?,."..'_''''  city-council for an .early closing by-  lav.*, but the request was iiot granted.  .So^lUtranspired^tliaUt.wo^selfishspr.0^  prietors in refusing to abide by the will  of the majority put'.lt beyond the possibility of the thirteen to makeVa riiore  reasonable division of their time between their homes with their families  and places of business., This Is a case  where ailarge body of men believed the  absence of a closii'V* ."V-law to be an  iiifrlngement of the liberty of tlie subject, hence on recognising the principle  of the greatest good to the greatest  number such a by-law was afterwards  passed. With respect to concessions by  the municipal council of the labor purty  at the expense of lhe ratepayer, surely  It Is not necessary to refer to the overwhelming innjorlty vote by the ���ratepayers of both this city ami the city of  Niinalmo ,- authorising . an eight-hour  workday. With all fuels In view the  reference by the same writer In his reference to our city council being Tammany ruled is most unfair, illr. Jackson considers the labor purty as eon-  sIstlngKif three classes.-; but.-he. would  have been just as logical hud he referred to (ii) as Britishers, (b) as white  men," (c) as those who earii their living by the sweat of their brow, "(a) He  states us being those who may claim  the right they undoubtedly have? of  making their own terms and of .experiencing well .understood moral? Influences to obtain such concessions,as  they desire, (b) The : lawabiding and  .(c)V.the,socialists, I submit? that?"a,"  "b,". and "c" respectively include all of  the labor party.   The. class lie:^especial  ly mentions a�� having to bo dealt with  is . <b) the tawab'iding. They have  through concerted action for some-time  past attained a pwltion which no one  but a v*ry strong and independent man  would (Tare.Ignore. I am aware of the  dltllcultles that have to be conteinied  against. The working classes can.only  hope that Mr. Jackson has done the  present premier an Injustice, for he refers to Col. Prior in thc second letter  as being the one man of sufficient  "strength and Independence to endeavor  to meet what niay be required of him as  against the lawabiding workman referred to. What manner of man must  any person be who, over his own signature actually characterises as strong  and independent a man who dares to  assail the position of 'what he himself  terms '.'the lawabidliiig section of the  labor party?" ���?. ;>   ���  J A       i''i"-   FAITl Rt'tft- '���'���  [   Victoria,,-B. C, May 32,'1903. Ay:.  V       UNIONAND UNIONS.  .       V:,-.  To the Editor of THE Ixdepesdest.   .  Sir.���-On reading the evidence of Mr.  Thomas Piper. before the commission,  wherein he was.being severely cross-  questioned by ?Mr. Bodweli as to the  right of a'union to prevent men .from  becoming , members or to work with  them, the question is repeatedly,..being?  aswed as to why some witnesses did'iiot  refer to the legal and medical profession as exalted 'examples for such; a  course. In reply I beg to state.that one  witness followinS shortly after Mr. Piper did refer to the same, and in addition stated in. effect that the lawyers'  union Was the only one \vhose: members  would, for the consideration of a.fee,  engage theirbest, services to see workingmen imposed on and to prevent thein  by the enactment of laws 'or otherwise  from obtain ing common1 justice; that no  mechanic; or union workmen could be  found todp.so. One 'of the. commissioners modestly ..suggested', 'that'll  would not be, neccessary. to. take this  down,? to which the. other?concurred.  Now, as. similar..evidence'Was .taken  down which is calculated to'operate;  against? trades, unionists, it.?ls only fair  .that percedent should be. taken;into? account. ? Not so loiig ago?Mr."johr. Can-  essa;?whose property was involved and  without:,;means, to prosecute ; a land  claim ? iigriinst ? a powerful .corporation,7  Joseph , Martin ?; was.?. appealed to. He  took.iip the case, ?with?the result that  he was suspended - from the. lawyers'  'uniton: for. aii infraction ?7? pf 7tiie" rules  goyeriiing fees. ?Anit with ,reference7 to.  such actioii liinderstdod'Mr. Martin to  "say iii liis labor day speechat Kanttimo,  that according; to.aet.of parliament any  member .of the legal profession accepting a rate-below the union scale is^ liable 'to-imprisonment for? the, rest?of. his  natural?life.,? I am writing,from mem-'.  ory?aiid will stand for correction. Mr.  it?-? IS. Jackson? in? the. press has(.referred --.to-n. portiopof'tbe labor party as  being law-abiding but it is safe tosay  that? the.only union openly setting -the  law at defiance is that, of the lawyers,-  who do not pay the.busiuess license as  required by law,;? and.no lawyer, cares  to take a7 case against himself. It is  the desire of.the labor party thiit the  simple: evidence of���:all-witnesses'?go'-to  the' commission on: its merits, and for  tliat-reason?Mr. Bodweli. was objected  to. It was stated by, witnesses irfiterred  to that any"competent man of -good'  character would bo received and .may?  proceed to;?'earii: his llvingat. oiiccat  his trade, unilke' other ':. unions. Mr.  Bodweli:. "The'.'- lawyers." .Witness:  "And the.doctors.".7;?It Is contended that  a lawyer who, acting for,'a'.corporation  niiii-?for-7l-oes,--will-seek^tO-.coiideiriuJa  Our Victoria Advertisers,  The advertising pages of The Indeipendeirt will reveal to trades unionists  in Victoria the tradesmen who are in practical touch with them, and they  will naturally govern themselves acco rdlnglyiii making purcliases.  THE QUEEN'S HOTEL  J. 'SI. HUGHES, PROPRIETOR, ..-  Corner of Johnson and Store Streets,  Centrally located    and   all conveniences.   Terms $1 per day and upwards.  Free Bus.  Telephone.  117 GOVERNMENT STREET.  Men's and Boy's Clothing, Boots and  Shoes.   Union store.; Union Clerks. --?.  ���ta* Lowest-priced .' outfitters in the  City of Victoria.   Give us a call.  ���������J. ������ JONESo��  Empire Cigar Store  Tree Reading Room  and Headquarters of the Laborers-  Protective Union.  105 Douglas Street, Opposite Labor Ilall  VICTORIA, Ji.U.  IU* Old Curiosity Shop1  y:\;  Pierce O'Connor, Proprietor.        ,  :'l4S:Yates Street, Victoria, B. C.;: ,:7  All -kinds   of   furniture   boughit and . '  sold.   Anything you desire and do not   7  see please ask for It. X' ';.',;  .    PLUMBER AND GASFITTER, -  102 Fort' Street. .' Victoria, B.?C.  Jobbing ,done. Estimates furnished..  Victoria Union Directory.  VICTORIA   LABORERS' PROTECTIVE  Union, Federal? No. 2.���Meets flrst. and.  third Friday   in   Labor   Hall, ?room7*.-  Presldent,... A. v J.ohoiison;    vice-president,  T. Cox; secretary, j. c. Mapleton;? treas-;:  urer,  J. Goldstraw; .warden,. A? Harris;-'?  conductor,   J. ? McConnel: .delegates   to 7  Trades and Labor Council, A. johonson,  T.  Cox,  Lee O. 'Charlton,  Wm. MeKax  and J. C. Mapleton. ,,.      ..*;';  ���T'i'I  :r ll  xoy  xM  . ��������� ;  ��� ?-  ��� ���  ��  ��� ��� '  ��� ���  ��� ���'���;-.���  "9    '  ��� ?  ��� ���  ��� :- '���  '���-.-  ��� '"-.���  ���  '���.-''.  .'���7''.'  ��� .  ��� ������7?  .��� ��� ' ,'������  9  ��� 9   7  O  ��� ?���  ��� ���?.','  '-���'���'.'  e  ��� 9  '"��� ��� " ������  '������ ?���.  ��� .":'  .���"���??;'  ?:��� -??  : ���' '"  :o:77;  ������ ..??  ?���'���:.:���  ��� ;"?:  ''���.. ���'  ��� '"--'.  ��� ���,.'���  EVERY KIND OF^  :,^#,.  7,��':.  .?'"0-?  '������"*���'  7. ���--  .'.'���..���  ���"���'  .-���������;  .'��� t ?!  SOCIETY WORK i SPECIALTY,  ���;.���.'  BASEMENT, FUCK BLOCK, VANCOUVER.  principle in,vogue among labor,unions,  while at the same time he has himself  subscribed to the same principle l�� its  grossest form In his own organisation,  has thereby disqualified himself from  acting. His aim being to produce nn  adverse affect on the testimony of witness. The tendency of the.legal profession .'is to produce a body of soulless  men with tew exceptions, iind whether  or not tliere Is just cause, worknien'the  world over are backward In su'bsiniltlng  too fur-lo the lender,, mercies.of a tribunal'who are the finished product of  a raw material ever ready'lo formulate  iniquitous I'hiii'icrs and to facilitate the  n'ciiulrliiK of ihe heritage of the people  by giant corpora tlons to, the* iillinmte  disadvantage7 of all concerned,., them-,  selves'"Included, a"d :.the,-wealth; producer In parilcular.  XV. J. LISDINOHAM.  Victoria. IS. C. May 21. WW.  TRACKMEN'S WAGES.  According to the new scale granted  by the Canadian Pacific to trackmen  the miniiinims for classes will be: Section men, $1.35; section foremen, ??1.S5;  bridge foremen, $2.50; bridge carpenters,  t'2.'20; brldgeineii, $1.75. Wliile the.Orand  Trunk traokmen liave been granted ; a  revised scale of; wages ���"���they;, say. thn t  they; intend to. press? the compui-.y for,  recognition of their union.7' which the  road'.fought before?aiid:.,downed.'Tlie  management has agreed to discuss th��  Issue w.l th the men in; Juno. .;.���"  Aiyi liy:-: LABOR.7NEWS.   ?'������?'���.:  -Eight ������ hundred'   cooks   and   waiters  struck in Omaha,,-Xeb.,,bn May I.   Delivery and express: wagon, drivers also  quit'work. -,'.'��� ::,.-���??  = The StreetRailway Employees' Unlori  at .Scranton, Pa.,? lias decided lo strike  unless the coiiipany sliall discharge Its  non-union,men.     7 7?        .'?.? ';i:[.  The".'.Boston.. Towboat company 7 lias  locked out. Its employees because of th6  strike of the engineers for higher?wages  and recognition of the.union. ?: '?  .-Store' tliaii?- 7,000, men In'the -building  tiades of.l',hiladelphia,7T?'a.,?lifive.struck-  f or a n increase iii wages. J. Th is 'iictibn  directly affected 1,0ft} addilionai?workmen.    -.'.-;, ���?��� ?.???'���?''���-   ��� ,������.���??"?...?''?',  V The New England Manufacturers ���and  Erectors of '..Structure^ Sleel ' "iWoTtt,  numbering? twelve firms, - liave withdrawn from the national organisation  of fifty-six flrnis.'VV;  All the locnis of the United '-Mine  Woi'kers?iit;_SlienaiidO(ih, J^a?, have' vot-  7ed=t6=i'eturii=-to=workiipending-=the-set-  tlcinent of-the Saturday hour question  by the conciliation board.  The 'nine-hour day has been put Into  effect? at the Union Iron? works,.? San  Francisco. The nine-hour day now prevails generally among the Iron-workers  of that city.. - <-.  SOMEi 'LAiBOR LITERATURE.  Six Centuries ot Work   and Wages,  by Thorold Rogers?  " Evolution of the Trade? Unionist, by  Frank K. Foster.  .Sympathetic Strikes and Lockouts, by  Fred. S. -Hall.  Organized Self-Help, by Herbert Cas-  SOIl.    . '���   ",    ���      ���-������.������  The History of Trade Unions, by Beatrice and Sydney AVebb. ~  The iNewRight, by Samuel M.Jones.  History and Functions of Central Labor Unions, by XV. Maxwell Burke.  Human Progiess, by Thomas S. Blair.  Wealth and Progress, by George Gunton.  Democracy, by Beatrice and Sydney  Webb.:.    ; ?���'',. '���'-..'���';  Relations of Employer and Employee  (Symposium), by John P. Peters.  ���Annals of American :Academy of Political and Social Science., July issue,  1002."?' ''.,;:':A"W'yl.Aiiy''  Land and, Labor, -by Vwni. Godwin  Moody. . ,''-,���....���_,-'���. '���''������',������  , Annals of Toil, by? J. 'Morrison Davidson. ,". ?������'.?���.���' ���';-���'. . -?-V.'7,?7 V:;;  ,7 Letters of Love?and Labor, by Snm-'  tiil-'iM. Jones.7?"?A;;.-.Ay[yi.-ii JX'i]  Social ? Unrest, John Grahanv.Brooks.,  And; others top numerous to mention.  Labor Eight ? iXXX A:; ii      'il--liAAA:: I  ^v.v'v'^RACING;-?. DATES; XXXXx  ; Following are tlio dates set ;by'tho''  North l'acilic?: Fair Association for the  horse races7 ior ;'1903,: ;W   , A-i'-Hxi'iyi;  .'.'':'���':':'-.��� ',-?������.'���..���si'liiXG.JiEBrisbs, '���'���AfiyyJiJ.i":  Victoria, B.C.......  .Vancouver,'It; C?.'.  Seattle, Wash'.. V;?.  Vnuiibuvcr, B. C ��� ���  'Grand?Fork',,.B.,C.',,  Spokane, Wa'sli,'. ��� ���  Everett, Wash?."...  Wiiktcoin, Wash...'  .;..;..?..ifuy.22 to as ;  ...V??7?.?May 23,to 25,??  RV?.'.'Juno,0?to July �� ?.  ':',';:;..V.'-?V...-;July-;-l'to'2-:.  ............July 1 to SV?  A.....X...July -l to76?:'  ;?���';"?'.������:���.���'.���'.;���'.': july 2 to'* "'���  ....;..:...;jaly2 to?*-:  ';?'.".?'?;' 'A-Ji'-i rii.i.7MicETixcis. ?;.?���?'  ??;;;?wV?7??  Seattle,Wasli?7.:..;..:v;?..:.....-..'..Aug.i.to29? .  Whatcom, Wash.. '���:?..?���?:.....Aug. ai: to Sept.-5, ?  Everett,.Wash;.: lA.AA:: I[.'".'.',.... .Sept; 77to?K?: ?  Salom,Ore;.V?;.;?...'.;......??...;'.Sept. 14tol9,'?  .Portland,'Ore?., '.'Ai..'.Ai.?.....7.Sopt;'21 to 26  North Yaklmu, Wash:.....;. ..Sept. 28 to Oct.2  Spokane, Wash... ��� ��� ���...;...... ��� ���..... Oct. 6 to IS  Boise, Idaho..........'.'...*'.'.';..;.;;.Oct. 12?to 17. ?  Walla Walla, Wash ..:.:i......AAOisli 19 to 1A'A  Lowlston, Idaho....;...........;?.?Oct? 20 to 81 -  The Dalles, Oro...;;.'.......���:.Sept. 28 to' Oct.?Sv.  La Grande? 0 re'. -.'.. '���'��� i. A..... '������!������ ���... Oct. 5 to 10;  New Westminster, B. tl.........Sept. 29 to Oct.s'  Vancouver, B.C.'.'....... V.Sept. 7 and Oct. 8 to   7  Victoria, B. C............;.:.........Oct. 6 to 10V?  CONVENTION DATES.  May 19.   Indianapolis, Ind. American Federal  tioa of Musicians. .     t-     . ,   '7  June 1. Cleveland, Ohio. International  Ladies' Garment Workers' Union,  y-  Junc   1.     Columbus,   Ohio.   Cliainmaiors* >  National Uuiou ofthe United States oi America^  Junol.  Louisville,-ky.  National Association.'..  ot Steam and Hot Water Fitters. '���'.."'*-  Juno  8.  Philadelphia,    Pa.    International:  Ceramic, Mosaic anil Kncaustic Tilo Layers and. :'  Helpers'Union. .       ':. .."i, A -. '���:  Juno Ifi. MinncaiioHs, Minn. International  Union ol Flour and Cereal Mill Employes.  Juno  15.  Cincinnati,  Ohio,   lutcrnationfti?'  1'rlmliig Pressmen's Union. ,?  June 17. Philadelphia, Pa. International  Stool anil Copper Plate Printers' Union ol North.  America.  July I Lynn, Mass. Amalgamated teathor  Workers'Union of America. ? ;  Jjilv 13. 'Cincinnati, Oliio, Glass Bottlo  BlT?��vcrs' Association ut the United stales ana  Canada.        ,   . _ ���,w,���-.,.      .  July II.  ludlanapolis,Ind.  Stove Mounters'  7  luloruatlonal Uuiou.  Wire..  International.  July 18.   Brooklyn, K.  Y.  American  Weavers' Protective Association.  Julv  21.   Philadelphia,   Pa.-,  Association of Marble Workers.  August 10    Indianapolis, Ind.   United Garment Workers of America.: i  .���������,  August 10? Washington, D.C. International ?  Stercotypers and Elcctrdtyper's Union oi NorthN -  America.   .. ,7.  August 10. Washington D. C. International -  Typographical Union.    .        : 7   -7.? ? v-;,;.:?:;:.  August 17. Birmingham, Ala. United Asso- ':  elation ot Plumbers. Gas Fitters, Steam. Fitters;7-,  and Steam Fitters' Helpers,   ..;���..-;   . . .;;;'/?;:  United   Gold''??  n ot America. ;:,;  3Io.'-/'International  ?-?  Mass;.?Table?.:?;  ._   City.          .....  Beaters' National Protective Union ot America.  August ���. , Now> York  leatcrs' Natl  September??.  St.Louis,  septemner 7.  at.ijouis,  a  Urotlierhood of Blacksmiths.  ���'-Scntc-aber.io..'   - Springflel  Knito Grinders' National Uni  September 14.  Niagara Falls, JJ.   Y.' Team  '������?:���'  Prlvers'International Union. ? . :7-.., ..���;;������,-'.: 7,7- .'.ij^l^j-i.^u. ^>iu*~a^.  ��fi irJtA)Oi^lM^il^^<Mii^^i^^~^:  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY MAT  23, MOU?  > ��� y<m\w'  '-.ft    sag'   I  ARE YOD GOING FISHING?  KOI)?, REELS. LINE?, CASTS,  FL1 KS^KOGUEtf/rRACES, MINNOWS, SPOONS. BASKETS AND  FLY BOOKS.  Wo oan >'tippl.V any li'sliing gear  required, and will lm glad to havo  vour bus in os-!?.'  9  52? Hastings Street.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  [The Independent docs not hold Itself responsible.for the opinions of its  correspondents. So long as they are  not libelous, and nre of reasonable  length, they will be published^ The  iname of the writer must must in every  instance accompany the letter, not  necessarily for .publication.- but as a  guarantee   that   they   will   back  their  0 opinions should occasion require it.]  FOLEY   KEFL1ES   TO ���-MORTIMER.  ?   To the Editor of Tin: Indki'ESdeni: .  Sir.���Some few. days ago a. friend called my attention to a. coinmunicatibn  .appearing li*. the foluiiins of a- late issue of the Clarion, the local socialist  organ, froni tlie pen of Jlr. Mortimer,  fn which I am called to task for contradicting that gentleman at the U. B.  of H. IS. mass meeting ilio other evening in the city hall. and. my conduct  branded as a contemptible attempt at  : "evading the truth. -Now, it occurs to  me, that the little incident alluded to.  liardly justifies such strong language,  nnd that 'fact arouses just a. little sus-  1 -picion in ray mind that -Mr. Mortimer's  vanity was slightly touched owing to  his inability to answer my argument on  the' oecassion referred to. Sir,.! have  been looking-over the discussion alluded to, and iind chat Jlr. -Mortimer'quot-  ". cdme correctly,   and   I   apologise, for  .^making the contradiction.   But unfortunately 1 ?have as yet received no'cr'ed-  .-'. ential   of   infallibility   from   the. Karl  ';,'.  "Marx god of socialism, which appears  .of late to have become the exclusive  ���V. property of  tho  "class. conscious", so-  'Vcialist, and hence, unlike'.that doughty  ..':.:chairijji'o'ii -ofortho'dox  socialism,   Jlr.  .;   Mortimer, I may and do at? times make  ;;   mistakes.., I.wai*  . certainly under, the  Xi impression -at the time that iny previous  remarks!   applied   exclusively   to  .77 lhe property of Jlr. Robins.   Xow,. sir,  ??  I am not prepared  l�� recede one lota  '   Irom the position ;   evidently'    taken,  ';":.whicli was that . -Messrs. Robins and  ��� Dunsmuir and the nien in their employ  ���-������liave; a certain community of interests  ���in the(? oil-burning experiments at pre-  '"?���."Bent going on in California, which may.  ,    result in shutting. down or immensely  ?  .lessening -the.  output    of    the:  coal  ? mines   at .Xanaimo,?' Cumberland   und  ������:���: Extension.,    In doing so, I amnot trying, iis Mr.'Mortimer would have the  ? public believe, to defend or justify Jlr.  7-.���Dunsmuir's conduct as an employer and  ?.:-l most   emphatically vobject - to   Jlr.  ���'.'Mortimer's repeated insidious attempts  .,- to stab me in tlie back at every opportunity offering itself for several .months  ���past by trying to convey the .impression that I .was endeavoring to either  ���"   justify oi- condemn that tyrannical old  property hog, Dunsmuir, in. his methods.  V   The discussion so-frequently alluded to  ">..   by. Mr. Mortimer, arose as a7 result ot  "certain suggestions that T had previous-''  ;   -ly. thrown out-   at a. socialist meeting  (kindly intended     towards     socialism),  and in which I called attention to the  _jnad vlsoblllty of  the iisc of such  in  temperate language as the foi low! ng~so"  commonly used' at'socialist gatherings:  "All property is robbery." "There Is a  ���universal and irrepressible conllict of  interests between employer and employed.": These undefined generalities  aud sweeping assertions I claimed did  socialism more iianu than good, as?a  ���wrong meaning would certainly be applied to them. ?! contended then, and  contend now, that neither contentions  are correct in the abstract: that there Is  even under the present system a degree of common interest, and It ia not  yet clear to my liiliid that my last  ���words in the letter alluded to by Jlr.  &&����������������tS��������S��Si��������  iTbe Salt  1 of Life  is business. "We waul, more of  j it. We'll get, it if an out ami out  I -bargain will fetch it.  llow is This  A two-quart, ���  Hot Water Bottlo      i  or I  Fountain Syringe      j  75c. ;  ! The McDowell, Atkins,    -     J  Watson Co., Ltd. Liability \  UP-TO-DATE DRUGGISTS. <  Mortimer that "Prom what has been  said I feel we might be safe in assuming lhat the community is even greater  than-the conflict." is not correct. Xow,  this position may be a litlle too sweeping. This statement was thrown out as  air "inference which miglit be drawn  from what had been said, not as an argument, "ns I stated later, for my object was to show that there was a 'community as well as n. conflict. Jly general argument applied to the fact, not  lo the degree of fact, and.iis Jlr. Mortimer later virtually'admitted,'a certain  degree of interest to exist, although' an  infintesimal one, I contend that my  point was made.. Again, when' I mentioned the "cozy cottages" at.Xanaimo  !>.n(l,"Wellhiglnn, I spoke, from a, practical knowledge of what 1 know. I was  not. alluding to i the "negro cabins,"  mostly unoccupied in my time at "Wellington, but of the cozy homes of the  thrifty miner that may be seen on, all  sides'?'hi,the places alined to, that  would do credit to any city or community on earth. I did not aim to give Jlr.  Dunsmuif credit for these homes, but  to demonstrate that the shutting down  of the mines either temporarily or permanently; meant to the 'miner a depreciation' or extinction of value in that  property, meant in most cases, in fact,  its absolute abandonment for.ever. llut.  of course, friend '-.Mortimer, as usual,  had to place a wrong construction on  my words.-'If the vnliie of thut home  and the demand for conl in San Francisco are so nearly related, If the value or existence of the 'Wellington mine,  andtho" demand for or pi-ice of coal lii  San .Francisco are so closely iiitei'-ila-  pendeiit-.on each other, lias 7XIr..,Dunsmulr and even. ihe.;mlner- who. inhabits  the''"Wellington.' "negro cabin," surrounded by his little, ones, -whom? the  success or failure-of those Industries,  means less or. more food, better or  worse clothes, no common interest in  theoil burning experiments going on in  t'alil'cjrniii. which may result? in  shutting down the mines? To my mind,  il Is evident thiit anything llial works  an injury lo tlie development of the  mine, transportation or market of coal,  reacts upon'the owner of the mine, the  owner of the cozy cottage; or the.Inhabitant of the negro cabin alike. The  conflict of interest' between the workers under.thc present competitive system is just as clearly manifest as is  that between employer and employed.  Does calling attention to the fact, that  these same laborers"have also a common ... interest In. many respects, indicate a desire on my part to defend the  contemptible methods often adopted by  some working men to promote their  own interests at the expense of their  neighbors? Jlr..Mortimer has.no advantage'':'-' over me in liis. dislike for  "Baron" Dunsmulr or his methods,  nor in his desire to see the .strikers win  out, but nevertheless that does not alter  the facts In the case. In conclusion I.  .woludV say. thaL   I.   feel,  that    a  Islblylie avoided, in a case like this I  am heartily in sympathy with the  strikers. Up to date only a few of the  more ignorant have gone buck to work  and I bclive the rest will.quit forever  unless their demands aro grunted. The  ('. A. 11. conunittee were in tliQ.house  of commons the other day'when a debate ve lhe 'longshor'men's striko was  brought up. Charlton, who since he  left the States, for Canada seems to  bnve tinned sour on his countrymen,  brought In the-"Yankee agitator,'' who  seems to loom large in his eyes, as the  cause of the strikes in Canada. He  denounced him roundly and was  cheered liy quite a number. But friend  fiittee of "Winnipeg, rose to his feet  and put ���the'matter iu its true shape.  He was listened. to most attentively.  Indeed J lmve seldom heard the house  so quiet, and his distinct pfonounehi-  tion, tlie pleasing Knglish accent and  his youthful appearance all 'seemed to  ndd the effect, his excellent'presentation or''the. ease produced. 'And the  effect seemed magical, us one after another from both sides of the house  followed him till lie actually seemed to  have made denunciation of Charlton's  lirclinuul proposal���malting it a crime  on the part of a labor leader to come  to Canada "tit the invitation of the  .members of' his organisation���'popular.  And Ralph Smith from far-away Xa-  liaimu. nailed the argument by suggesting to Ch'urlion'* the'"Inquiry whether  more strikes were not caused 1)1*'capitalistic tyranny than.by foreign or any  other agitators. ,1 tell you we.were  proud of our two labor men in tlie  bouse and believe mc, they.'are setting  the'pace for other Xl's. 'P. on both sides.  May'the'-house long, have both Smith  and Puttee, and may? many otlier con-,  stitueneies 'have-such honest, able labor representatives in our next parliament. To those labor men who talk of  Smith as a laboi- fakir,?! can only say  their talf* seems like midsummer madness or something much worse, to those  wlio know the manor can hear lilm  speak where, capital is so well represented���iis perhaps no where else in  Canada���In the Canadian parliament.  There and elsewhere that I have heard  him speak his voice rings true and  with no'uncertain sound. ' There,are  several bills before thc house of special  interest to labor and some ol- utmost  .Importance' to all Canadians, and perhaps especially to the west, ''notably,  the transcontinental railway charters  and the assistance to be given' them.  Could the west wish for better representatives .than Puttee and Smith. I  think not. Hoping you will send them  again aiid by iin .increased.majority,  and with best wishes to all. my. good  friends In the. west,  V   /A,E.LO\VI*,:  Vice-president Trackmen.  .  V Jlcmlreal,  May Vi, 1903.  Vancouver Union Directory.  little common . civility, on the  part of Mr. Mortimer In friendly discussion would promote the interest-of  the cause be champions and remove  from the public mind" the impression  that egotism and narrowness Is rather  .���in-excessive .component part of that  gentleman's -intellectual' make-up.  C. FOLEY.;'  'Vancouver. I:. 0.. .May '21. I'M.  J :���   I'l.'TTKE AXfr   SXI1TH, JI'S P.  To the Kilitor ot Tiik.Iniiki'KNIiknt:'.?.  Sir.��� ll Is some time since 1 Wrote  ynu unit some time since I had lhe  pleasure ol reading you as regularly  ns I have since T was called to Ottawa, to assist the Canada Atlantic rail  wny boys lu their strike ngulnst most  uiifuli* conditions on that road, They  .���ire out ror living wages, which meanV  more than Ihe best orrer or the company to their committee, namely, men  at %1.'13 a day, whilst to their foremen  they absolutely , refused any Increase  of .the. rate being paid, namely. $1.75,  n day. This was aggravated ..by llie  sight of 'tlie'C. P. P.. men drawing  SI.110 ami SI. 10 In the same locality,  foremen, Sl.sr, to S2.2T. and lhe C. P.  R. giving nearly double llie help,-which  means that the C. A. It. men ancT;foremen-had to work very much harder.for  less ��� money, but were required to give  equally fast trains. Aginst the  'conditions the -C. A. Tt. boys turned  out, and I need'-.not.say, whilst. I am  averse,tc strikes where they can pos-  LE PCTBT  FAMILY THEATRE  This Theatre is stricly" a    UXIOX  HOUSE;  Employing UNION ACTORS.  ���Thus    securing "the 7 VERY    BEST  TADEXT.  PRICE 10 CENTS.  ���We are selling  Boots and Shoes at  Hard Time Prices.  Every pair reduced.  Ladies' First-Class  Kid and' Boxed Calf  in Buttoned . and  Laced. ���'���,'.  . -"We guarantee our   shoos. ���: Must   be  sold to make room for our new stock.  GEO. E. JAMES,  13 HastingsStreet E. JX��� Vancouver.  CLARENCE   HOTEL.  (Under new management.)  JAS. XV. MASSBY, Proprietor.  Corner Pender   and   Seymour Sts.  One block from Post Oflice.   First-class  dining room and bar; white help only.  Best English ales and porter In town.  Rates, $1.00 per day.  UNION MADE  CIGARETTES  'XVe, tlm iiiulorsijjiii'd, liaiullii the  only UNION MAW, CKiAliKrTKK  made in Ciimulii.51K.AK.WAG, V. C.  and T.&.I5. 7 -  II. Ci. MOORE.  G. AV. AVEEKS.  S.  HATlCUS.      ���  C. EOnSBUilG.  CHAS. PECK?.  D. M'DONALD.  Tt.  L.   KI.CE.  AV. A. CALL AG II AN.  W. J. McMillan & Co.  Wholesale Agents (or B. Cr  Corner Alexander St. nnd .Columbia Ave.  Vancouver, ll. 0.  I*. 0. BOX, 20C. PHONE/ 179.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AND  l��ibor Council meets first and third  Thursday in each month, at 7.30 p.m.  President, \V. J. Lamrick; vIco-presHcat,  Geo. Dobbin; secretary, P. ,1. Russell: financial secretary, J. L. Lllley; treasurer,  A. X. Harrington; sergeant-at-arms, J. C.  Keir; statistician, J. II. Perkins; trustees, Messrs. Pound, Cross and Thompson; executive conunittee, Messrs. George  and Gothard.  SHIRT WAIST AND LAUNDltY  AVOUKEllS' UNION. No. 10.i.-Meets  every 2nd and 4th Thursday In each  niontli In Union Ilall. President, It. X.  Hogg; corresponding secrotary,'Wallace  Sharp, 1119 Richards St.; financial secretary, Sir. Lee; treasurer, F. Young; delegates to Trades and Labor Council,  Messrs. Ilarglo, Coltart, Lee and Hogg.  WA1TKIIS AND WAITRESSES' UNION  Local No. '28. President, Chnrles Over;  vice-pi-i'sidi'iit, ,A. N. Ilei-rington;' secretary-treasurer, ,1. H. Perkins; recording  secretary, iM iss A. Scuitto; Press agent,  ,W: Ellender..?. Sleeting every second Fri-  day evening ut S.UO o'clock in, Union  Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmuir streetB  JOURNBTJnSW TAILORS' UNION OF  America-No. 178. ��� Sleets lst and Srtl  Mondays in room No. 1, Union Hall. President, C." L. AVhalen; vice-president, J.  T. Slortlmer; recording secretary, F.  Williams, lSM'7-th aveauo,West; secreta-  ry-itreasurer, J. Savage; sergeant-at-arms,  H. 'Brazaau; delegates 'to Trades & Labor Council, F. Williams and J. T. Mortimer.      .  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113. A\.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p  m. in Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, J.  AA'. Austin; secretary, Alfred Raper;  treasurer.' A. G. Delghton; conductor,  AVm. A. SIcKay; warden, Henry Patterson.  CIGARSLYK-3RS' UNION NO., 307.-  Meets the first Tuesday In each month  In Union Hall. President, G. Thomas, Jr.;  vice-president, J. Crow, secretary, J. C.  Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, D. Morrlsoy; delegates, to Trades  and I.aibor Council, J. Crow, G. Thomas  and O. Mattison.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL - Union,. No. 120���President, E. Harpur; vice-president, J. Gil-  man ; corresponding-financial secretary,  J. A. Stewart, 443 Hastings St. E.; recorder, W. L. Ayleswortli; treasurer,  G. Bower; guide, W. Bushman; guardian, O. E. Jacques; delegates to T. & L.  Council, E. Harpur and J. A. Dlbden.  Meets first and third Wednesdays ef  each month in Union Hall.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday in Union  hall, room :2. President, A. E.?Coflln;  vice-president, L. C. DeWolf; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin, E33 Hamilton  St.; financial secretary, J. McLeod;  treasurer, G. Adams; conductor, H.  Howes; warden, J. P. ?Gray; delegates  to T. & L. Council, Geo. Dobbin, Geo.  Adams, A. E,7 Coflln.VL.C.DeWolf and  S. O'Brien; delegates to tlie Building  Trades Council, H. Howes and J. McLeod.7'        '.- y  TEASI . DRIIVERS', INTERNATIONAL  .UNION, N-o. 409-Meets. 1st and 3rd  Wednesday in each month in Union Hall  President, J. C. Kerr; vice-president, S  Cawker; sec.-treas., D. Sl-blver; rec. see.,  E. ? Bridge; - correspondent, F. Topham;  warden, A. IS. Soaper; conductor, J. Little; trustees, C. B. ;Hlgginson, R. Haywood and A. Robinson; delegates to T. &  L. Counoil, J. J. Harrison, A. E. Soaper,  Geo. Dunlop, J. C. Kerr and'C. B, Hig-  glnson. ���'��� ,.: .'?''  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, Xo. 3S1.-  Meets the first and third Monday in each  month at 8 p. m.', in Union hall, Homer  streot. President, A. A. Bigg, vice-president, G. AV. Smart; financial secrotary,  Chas. McAllister; recording secretary, D.  Robinson, box 37, Vancouver, B. C; delegates to the Trades and -Labor council,  William Latham, (D. Robinson, II. Howard.  BUILDERS' LABORERS' FEDERAL  UNION, No..32, Vancouver.���Meets every other Tuesday evening, at S o'clock,  In the large room,- Union Hall. President,  J. Sully; vice-president, AV. Lyons; secretary, H. Sellers, Western Hotel; treasurer,  J. Cosgrove; warden, II. Chapman; conductor, J. Gunderson; delegates to Trades  & Labor Council, J. Sully, G. Payne, J.  Cosgrove -arid 11. Sellers; delegates to  Building Trades Council, J. Sully and J.  Cosgrove. -���'...'  A'ANCOUIVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 220,' meets tho-Ith Monday in  each month at Union Hall. President,  XV. J. SlacKay; vice-president, S.?J.-,Goth-  ard; secretary,,W. II. Hunt, P. O. Box C(i;  treasurer, John AVntkins; scrgeant-nt-  nrmsf^Jniiics" Webster ;^executive'-commlt-  teo, Ralph AVilson. A. W. Flnbow, N.  Cleliind iind P. Kellas; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council, Robert Todd,  George Bartley,  Geo. AVUby.  STREET RAILWAY SIEN'S UNION.-  Sleets - second and fourth AVcdnesday  ot each month In Sutherland Hall, corner AYcstmlnstcr Avenue and Hastings  Street, at S p.m. President, James McGuigan; vice-president, A. G. Elliott;  secretary, A. G. Perry, 33 Seventh Avenue;  treasurer, AV. II. A'anderwnrltcr; conductor, II. Howes; warden, G. Martin; sentinel, D. Smith: delegates to Trndes and  Labor Council, B. Marshall. F. C. O'Brien,  Geo. Lenfesty, A. J. AVilson and James  McGiilL'aii.     '-  THE RBTATL CLERKS' IXTKRNA-  TIONAI. PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In OSBrlen's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. J. A.  Murray, president; AV. J. Lamrick, secretary, SIS Princess street.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  Slachinlsts, Heaver Lodgo, No. 1S2.���  Meets second and fourth Wednesdays in  each month hi Iho Lesser O'Brien Hall.  President, Geo. P. Downey; pnst president, J. R. Edwards: vice-president, II. 3.  Littler; recording secretary, J. II. Mc-  A'ety; ilnancial secrotary, J. Anderson.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF  Electrical Workers;. Vancouver Local,  No. 213���Moots second and fourth Wednesday In each month In O'Brien's Hall. President, A. McDonald;: vice-president, J.  Dubberley; recording aecretnry, S. W.  Huston; financial secretary, H. V. Rankin.      . -,;.���  Phone IO40.  -Xim turn: &TUB>B��  301 1-Iastlngs St. (Next Arcade.)  AVe are not "cheap." Our Work'' is  first-class .'and -will please you. Cabinet Photos 54.00 dozen. Careful posing,  lighting and (finishing. , '?.,??  ^(^^^^������)>^l^}^M^*t*}K*;H*>!^*K**K*)��  I Don't be Careless  I  7tt  I  'i  $  Don't start your wheel on the new season'S work without' a  thorough overhauling. It will add much to your comfort and security and will cost you but litlle. AVe have a thoroughly up-to-date  bicycle repair department.  , 126 Hastings St.  Stoves, Ranges and Kitchen Furniture.  ^���^���?!{*;i-*;K*;!-:*;r>^^  *  SPECLVL    ALL - STEEL   WIRE ROPE SNATCH BLOCK.  ALLAN  WHTTE & CO.'S SPECIAL AVIRE CORE JiOGGING AVIRE.  PLOUGH and CRUCIBLE STEEL WIRE ROPE in all sizes and grades.  All kinds of loggers' tools and  supplies, Camp Utensils, Etc.  cLenn&n,  McFeely & C��.  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 1063.  FOR THE GARDEN  1  Pruning Knives  Pruning Shears  Tree Primers  Hand Sprayers  Step Ladders  Lawn Mowers  Garden Hose  Lawn Sprinklers  Lawn Rakes, Etc.  Individual description is j.  impossible, not enough & *  space to do that.   They ��  must   be   seen,  and   the *"  price tags will make no '+r  heavy drain on your  ���* <>*  pocket book. ^'  1  1  Vancouver Hardware Co.,  |  339 Hastings Street. %  ��� oe  ��� �����  " The Beer Without a Peer."  Brewed right here in A'ancouver by men of yoars and years experience and in a brewery whose plant is the most perfect known to  the art of brewing, Is It any wonder that it has tahen a place in  the hearts of the people which no other beer can supplant?  $1.00 Dozen Pints ft  $2.00   ����.    Quarts &  Brewed by (���?  Vancouver Breweries, Ltd. |  Vancouver, B. C. ��>-.���  -   and for sale at all flrst-class Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels.      (ft  Ct'-  ������������S������������������������S����������������������������������������������&   You can get them hero.   Our stock of MEN'S HATS is worth seeing���  | worth looking through caretully.  AVo have your size, your stylo and at a prlco that will suit you.  $2.50, .$��, $:t.no.  JOHNSTON, KEEEFOOT ��* CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., Opf). Wm. Ralph:*.  muni i iiiiiiiiiiiii minimi  If there is  Any Pleasure  m House-  cleaning  ���It is In laying away woolens  and blankets that havo been laundered by the Pioneer Laundry.  Or ln putting up curtains   that  have been 'through our hands.  We certainly do two' things well  ���launder woolens and curtains.  910-014 Richards Street. Tal. 846  Branch office In Arcade  Tel.  117B.  wesM  Advertise In The Independenit.  The  Welcome  324 Carrall.Street  Three doors from Hastings Street.  Telephone I38S.  Choico lines ot Confectionery,  Fruits.,.:  :; Soft Drinks and Ice Cream.  Refreshment Parlor���Tea, Coffee, Liglii:  (Lunches.  ���PIPES,.,       TOBACCOS, CIGAKS..������'.  7    V'-.':.-' Prompt service. V?   ????,.?  .,;:     .Open   till   midnight."iji  ^:'GE0."CiriAMILT6i\?;  4  m  ii  i1  ).'JS  m  \n  M  ('  ! i  -^i^^iA-'i. jiua.ii uuTXmu.. nSMsaivmmiai&Eil&RB*^^


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