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The Independent May 30, 1903

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 i����1��IeU���� Ubr'r-Httr.'fi^'  THE  ROYAL BANK  -.    OF  CANADA  . .eAVINGS   BANK . .  K fiteMml ���Ranting Suslaui  Transaotad.  OBOTCBS-Haatlugi  Street.  W.,  STaotmluter Avenue, Vancouver.  B. C. PMAHEilT LOAX AW  Authorized CapltHl - jio.ow.COO  SubucrlU-d lupltnl ���   ���   l,MU,0ui>  Acscta Over ....     iwo.ow  Heud Otilce,S!l Cnmlilc Street,  Vancouver, II. C.  FOURTH YEAR.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY,   MAY  30,   1903.  WHOLE NO. 1G��.  THE HON-UIIIOJIIST.  The motto of the non-unionist iu,  "take nil you can get and look for more  but don't give anything ln return." He  docs absolutely nothing to help make  the woild better; that he leaves to  other people. Every reduction in tlie  houra of labor, every increase in the  rate of wages, every enactment to protect childhood and womanhood from  drudging in the factory, every law to  enforce proper sanitation In tho workshops and to safeguard life and Hml)  from defective machinery are the direct results of the self-sacrifices and  efforts of union men. ' Instead ot talking about the narrowness of trade unionists the apologists of non-union  workmen should recognize fucts as they  actually'exist. THESE REMARKS  DO NOT APPLY TO THE MAN WHO  HAS NO CHANCE TO JOIN A LABOR  ORGANIZATION, but the non-unionist vvho is a non-unionist from choice,  the man- who tills the place In the industrial, world that the jacUall does in  the animal kingdom, sneaking after the  lion and living on the leavings gained  by his powers or the hyena who skulks  along at night robbing graves and  feasting on the dead. When you view  tho non-union man as he really is you  don't havo to speculate as to why union  men dislike to work with iiim.���i'In.  NOIES.  One hundred Newfoundland llsherinen  have joined the loyal naval reserves.  Ireland claims the honor of the llrst  electric railway in the United Kingdom.  About 70 per cent, of the population  of the Klondike is from the United  States.  Lord Roberts approves of the appointment of one chiropodist for each battalion.  . New Jersey has ranked sixth in manufacturing products for the past forty  years.  The best shot in the British navy-  was recently awnrdyd IS cents as I'l'i-v  money.  Kansas requires nearly $10,000,000 outside capital to market the wheat crop  this year.  The wheat crop of Minnesota is estimated at between $73,000,000 and S110,-  000,000?  ,., A late innovation is a bricklaying machine. It does the work of six or seven  men and costs ?300.  Siberia extends through 120 degrees  of longitude and covers one-ninth of  tlie land surface of the globe.  Turkey has nearly nine hundred government agricultural banks which supply small loans to farmers.  Fifty-two islands have appeared by  means of volcanic action in the past  century and nineteen havo disappeared.  Strong, Maine, Is noted'for its toothpicks, as more than half the toothpicks  used in the United States come from  there.       '  The upholsterers have received an increase of wages this spring In every city  in Canada, where they have an organisation. '  Teamsters of Seattle are doing more  organizing than talking.   They   know  . enough not to "put tlie cart before the  horse."���Record.  At old-fashioned hotels and restaurants in Sweden it is customary to  charge less for women than for men on  the theory that they cat less.  Five hundred laundry workers were  locked out at Portland, Or., ou May 2,  owing to a demand for un Increase of  -wages and a decrease of working liours  from ten to nine per day.  The Canadian Postman's Union has  made application for membership in  the Trades and Labor Congress ot Cun-  ad.i. This organization was formerly  composed of K. of L. assemblies.  -    DOES IT PAY?  Ovcr llii.OOO Chicago builders had their  . -wages increased this spring as rollows:  Old scale New scale  Trade��� '      Per hour   per hour  Carpenters       43 60  Bricklayers       ��3 60  numbers       50 WVi  Gaslltters -������   CO "6!i  Plasterers   ���������   ��� ���>(1'/'  Steamflttcrs        !>0' WV'i  ���  Steamllttcrs' helpers     23 - 2S"-��  Architectural ironwork'rs   42Va B0  Gravel roofers     4? tfi  ���Sheet metalworkers     42<i   .     45  Building laborers A. >   2S        .30  yiastercrB' laborers ���  35   -   "  -30V4  UNION AND CHURCH.  Professor Graham Taylor of Chicago,  addressing tlie people of the First Congregational church on a recent Sunday,  had this to say of trade unions:  "The Idea of the trade unions is the  same ns the Idea ot Christianity���the  .sacrifice of thc individual for the good  of the body. The organization Is not so  much a question of personal preference  as an industrial necessity.  "Before condemning trade unionism  Christian people should first get the  facts of the situation.  "The organization of labor is an absolute economic condition from which  there is no escape. It Is a Christian  and manly tiling to accept this fact and  assist ln the development of organized  labor along conventional lines. XVe  should make the bost and not the worst  of it.  "Because the reality does not come  up to the ideal is no argument against  labor. AVe might use the same argument against all governments because  il failed In "some one particular. XVe  might us well say the inconstancy  among some Christians was an argument .against  the  church."  ORGANIZATION DID IT.  Advances in wages by some twenty  of the largest railroad systems in this  country nre said to effect 650,000 men  and that the Increase will total something like 517,000,000 a year, or u.little  over ?2S per year for each man affected.  This may bo increased to t30. On top  of this comes the news of increases  here and there which will affect probably 1130,000 other workers, or a million  in all. But why- did this raise In wage  take place? It certainly was not a  politicla move or they would have rats  ed before election, or even just before  the next election. - But thc increase  comes ri fer the election and there ar.e  no important elections for two years.���  Shoe Workers' Journal.  THE SWITCHMEN.  At the national convention of the  Switchmen's Union of North America,  in Indianapolis last week, Grand Master Hawley made an exhaustive report  of the yenr's work and took strong  grounds against the strike as a means  of settling labor troubles. He,said that  nothing can ever be gained by the precipitate ordering of strikes, while much  would be lost hy such a policy, and  that thc only safe course ls to be fair  and deliberate in settling labor disputes. Referring to the work of organization, he reviewed the troubles  that had disturbed the organization,  and said that all hud been settled easily and satisfactorily by pursuing a  policy of conservatism which was based on the theory thnt the interests of  employees and employers are identical.  LABOR ADVANCES  Organized labor has fought Its TA��y  to tho front. It has grown to be the  greatest power in tlie world today. Tbe  newspapers, ' public and professional  men and the clergy havo been forced  to discuss it. It can no longer be Ignored. It has lived down rldicule'and  abuse nnd commands respect even from  its enemies. Ntarly three million adherents are iu its ranks in North Am  erica alone.   Day by day the forces ar-  LABOR COMMISSION.  The different unions, especially international ones, should sec to it that they  scud witnesses to give evidence on labor matters, at the royal commission  of enquiry Into the labor situation In  this province. One weakness, we consider in connection with the formation  of the present tribunal is the fact that  labor is not directly represented on it.  We do not s.iy this as imputing wrong  motives of the commissioners, far from  such an insinuation, because we believe them to be thoroughly honorable  and Impartial men. As things exist in  the labor union movement today, it is  Impossible for an outsider to have a  thoroughly practical knowledge of affairs and be able to grasp situations as  they exist in the ranks of organized labor, ln fact It takes long years of experience to be able to cope successfully  with them.  A further fact we wish to impress  upon the unions is that if they do not  come forth in defence of their organizations the commissioners may be compelled to give an adverse report of their  conduct "in this province, and we say  for the good name and prestige of organized labor with the public that it is  imperative' for them to take hold of  this thing "and mako a good showing.  Capitalists abroad have been pointing  to labor as being the causo of all the  ,trouble in this province, and thereby  f shielding themselves    in    their many  SOCIALISM Ai\D JMKIUAGft  Sir.���Socialists, or at least those I  liave met, urgue that under a state ot  socialism the marriage vow would not  be Interfered with, but that the^nome  would be made happier. To this I take  exception and for this reason would  respectfully ask that you print the following from "Labor and Capital," by  Mis. Caroline Corbin, of Chicago:  MOTHER.  Vancouver, B. C, May IS, 1S03.  rayed behind It are growing in power| ~ ,. ., ...    ... ������ .��� ,���,_  , . ,. (huge schemes���particularly so in mln  Nearly one million new]  KETCH 'EM ALIVI3 .  Wonderful that man Shaiighnessy!  He' sized up Victoria at a glance, and  offered .the citizens a nrst-clas? tourist  hotel to be owned and run by the C.  P/R., of course, at a profit. The city  has only to give a site worth at least  $50,000 and a grant of free water and  free taxes for illfteen years. Altogether  Victoria will nnd about $100,000 towards  the cost of the hotel. The people there  are taking lhe bait like the trout in  Shawnlgan lake on a cloudy morning  in June. Sir Thomas chuckles, and says  oh what a good boy am I���to get five  more votes in the legislature the next  session and got with the people's own  money too.  GARDENING BY ELECTRICITY.  It is announced that John C. Bracken-  ridge, chief engineer of the Brooklyn  Rapid Transit company, who for three  years has been aiding the growth of  vegetables in his garden at Richmond  Hill. Long 1 -land, by forcing them with  electricity, anticipates better results  .this year than lie has yet obtained. He  declares that he lias discovered a method by which he can produce more and  better vegetables than his friends and  neighbors, and that he can -bring forth  several.crops a year.        ?LAEOR LITERATURE.  (All workingmen and others should  read the following pamphlets Issued by  the American, Federation of Labor:   ,  Organized Labor, Its Struggles, Its  Enemies, and Fool Friends, by Samuel  Gompers.  Some Reasons for Chinese Exclusion.  History of Trade Unions, by Wm.  Trant and P. J. McGulre.  lEIght llour Primer, by Geo. 'E. McNeill.  Economic and Social Importance of  the Eight-hour Movement, by Geo.  Gunton.  Philosophy ot the Eight-hour Movement,  hy Lemuel Danryid.  Eight-hour Workday, by Samuel  Gompers.  .Wlint Does Labor Want, by Samuel  Gompers.  Philosophy ot Trade Unions, by Dyer  D. Lum.  The "Philosophy of the Labor Movement," by Geo. E. McNeill.  What 'Labor Could Do, by John Swln-  ton.  The Safety of the Future Lies In Organized Labor, by Henry D. Lloyd.  Universal1 Education, by Senator  Henry, W. Blair.  Condition of Women Workers, by Ira  M. Van Etten.  Why We Unite.  Report of Discussion on Political Program, Denver Convention, 1894.  iNo Compulsory Arbitration, by Samuel Gompers. .    .   ,  and Inlluence  recruits is the record of the last three  years alone.   Tilings are bound to hap  pen  when this gigantic force is fully  educated as to the possibilities of political power.   Organized'labor will con  trol the future and of that fact there  is hardly room for controversy.   It is  as absolutely sure as anything not al  ready past. ',  MEN   IN   THE   RANKS   OF  LABOR  ,   ' UNIONS.  Men of cheerfulness.  Men who are not all the rest,  Men of great mental power,  Men not, for selves an hour,  Mc-u'wi'th the age progress)  Men charitable to distress,  Men of patience,'humility and toil,  Men of rank, sons of the soil,  Men fit for the highest place,  Men in the family of the race.  Men of muscle and brawn, true,  Men friends of me and you.  Men,who very much time doth stake,  Men of brotherhood, not of fake,  Men who, justice will not unheed.  Men beyond any misdeed.  Men who,    for   home   and    country  would, perish,  Men who we ennnot help but cherish,  Men who toil and brains rake,  Men who do this for humanity's sake,  Men sincere,  honest and upright,  Men who for years in labor Holds did  light,  Men who by word and pen.  Men who done great deeds .for men,  Mon who are lovers of beauty and art,  Men with whom it is hard to part,  Men great in things large and small,  Men ever willing at labor's call.  Men worthy of great renown,  Men worthy of noblest crown.  Men who did agitate  The hours from  twelve   to   that  of  eight.  ���P. L. Farrell,  in  Stationary Firemen's Journal.  There are in every labor organization  Icud-mouthed members who never attend a meeting, but are always growling about the way matters arc going  on. They are. of tho self-important,  egotistical stamp, and if honest in their  objections, would attend the meetings  and ventilate their opinions in that  proper place, and uot In workshops nnd  the saloons, In the pretence of strangers  and spies.���Ex.  The uniform reduction of thc working time In one of the largest industries  ���ono noted for Its excessive hours���to  eight In the cutting and nine'hours in  the tailoring branches, Is one of the rc-  ults of conservative and businesslike  unionism. The question occurs: How  long would It take through legislation,  thai appears to be so easy a. method, to  accomplish the same result?���Garment  Worker.  It Is only by taking a drive all around  the city that oue can realize how large  .arc the liuildiiig operations of the present year.  'T can smell a socialist," says a  leader. Yes, you can almost smell  brimstone on some of 'em.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace Livery  Stables.  ing.  WINNIPEG TYPOS AND THE C.P.R.  The current issue of the Winnipeg  Voice prints the following:  , A special meeting of the Typographical union was held last Saturday to  consider what course of action the  printers' delegates should be instructed  to take at the Trades Council meeting  re the question of placing the C. P. R.  freight sheds on the unfair list. After  President Thorns had read the circular,  he stated that this question had been  referred to the unions in order,that.if  action was taken It'shoufdibe'effe'ctive.  A" resolution was moved that the delegates be instructed to vote for the resolution placing tlie C. P. R- freight department on the unfair list. This resolution was thoroughly discussed from  every standpoint for about two hours,  after which an amendment was moved,  expressing sympathy with the U. B. R.  E., but stating that a recently signed  contract with Winnipeg employing  printers prevented them from taking  the course suggested and urging that  the active co-operation and sympathy  of the cider railroad organizations be  obtained or at least an' earnest effort  mnde in that direction.  A   PREMIUM   ON   DISHONESTY.  The union label should stand as a  protection to.the fair manufacturer who  pays a living rate of wages and who  conducts his factory under union conditions. If a dishonest manufacturer  who runs an unsanitary sweat shop and  has his work turned out by children at  starvation wages can place a bogus  label on his unfair and inferior goods  and theieby deceives the public to the  detriment of the fair manufacturer who  turns-out-legltimate_soods_made__bj:  well paid labor, lie should be amenable  to the law. Let the government legalize thc union label and remove this pie-  mium on rascality, deception and dishonesty.���London Banner.  THE INJUNCTION.  Judge Tuley ot Chicago speaking recently in that city on the question- of  injunction said:  We will reap the whirlwind some  day from the seeds so sown. I am not  surprls.-d at any injunction of any  kind being issued. I regret It, because  I believe that the issuing of such writs  of Injunction brings the administration  of Justice Into contempt, lt breeds discontent. '  THE DAY MAY COME, IN THE  DISTANT FUTURE, WHEN  THE WORKING CLASSICS WILL  HAVE POLITICAL CONTROL AND  WILL ELECT OR APPOINT JUDGES  WHO WILL ALSO ISSUE WRITS OF  INJUNCTION  IN  THEIR FAVOR."  .The willingness of the capitalist to  confer with the worker, Indicates that  capital recognizes tho fact that labor is  so far advanced in intelligence and oi-  ganlzatlon that It commands liis respect  and attention, and that through labor's  adherence to and respect for the law,  he is compelled to grant its Just and  reasonable demands.  NOT  UNION EXCRESS���Phone -  Abbott 'and Hastings streets.  attention to all calls.  131.   Cor.  Prompt  The Christian Marriage.  "Christian marriage accepts and emphasizes certain legal obligations, and  adds to them certain religious injunctions and penalties which have reference to moral discipline. All this is done  because it is belived that the permanent  family is the foundation���the very corner stone���of the state, and that no  state can maintain a creditable existence without a proper and definite and  authoritative recognition of the mutual  rights of men and women in their relations with each other.  "Now I have been a faithful student  of socialism for thirty years. I have  read many books on the subject, have  carefully watched its public action and  read all the declarations and programs  of its various congresses that I could  discover b ycareful search In that time.  I have conversed with some emlment  European advocates of the system with  the express purpose of elucidating this  very point, as to whether socialism  would recognise civic or Christian marriage, and I have failed to discover a  thread of evidence that lt would Uo so.  Miss Marx's Views.  "On the contrary I have found in the  utterances of such men as Hasenclever,  Hyndman, Bebel and many others abundant evidence that the declaration  of Eleanor, daughter of Karl Marx,  made in my presence and in that of  more than a score of witnesses besides  ���and'I may add-repeated .in almost identical terms', by.'one of my'rec.ent crlt-  ics-rjsums "upvthe, .whole te'aching?of the  "socialistic'system' of this subject.  ��� "Miss Marx said, as.tated in the Chicago Tribune, Nov. 14, 1SS6, by an Impartial witness:  " 'Love is the only recognised marriage in socialism, 'consequently no  bonds of any kind would be required.  Divorce would be impossible, as there  would be nothing to divorce, for wlien  love ceased, separation would naturally ensue." '  "Miss Marx was at that time travelling in this country with Dr. Aveling.  tho Intimate friend of her father, Karl  Marx, and the translator into English  of his chief work, "Das Kapital." She  passed as Mrs. Aveling an ageing and  real wife of Dr. Aveling an ageing and  invalid woman, was living in London.  When at her death a few years later  Dr. Aveling discarded Miss Marx ana  married another woman, the tragic  story of the suicide of the sometime  "free wife" was heralded in the leading newspapers of England and America.  Destructive of the Home.  "If, however,  there was no Individual  testimony upon the subject, it  tlonute atmosphere of home life dissipated.  "Fraternal love, it is said, will rule  the world, but fraternal love Is the  product of the home, not of state Institutions, and when homes are abolished  lt is sadly to be feared that the supply  ot* fraternal love will fall shore of all  the demands which socialism is likely  to make upon it. It Is going to take a  great deal of that commodity to meet  ail the necessities and solve all the  problems of the new social order."  ���BEDROOM"  CONTRACTORS.  A union largely composed of petty  contractors cannot be called a legitimate trade union. In the first instance  there can be no minimum wage scale,  for a member may work for what he  likes for himself; in the second place,  it gives the contractor-jnember an unfair advantage over the legitimate jour- -  neynien, for when business is dull the  contractor-member can take work that  will not pay him union wages, while the  ordinary journeyman must get the union scale. It would be bettei*. for the  latter were all work dono by bona fide)  contractors; then he would have an  equal opportunity with all to secure,  employment. International unions, generally, discourage bedroom contractors.  ���T. H. Twlgge, In Victoria Colonist.  SOCIALISM AND TRADE UNIONS  The  socialists  leader  and   diplomat,  Alexander tlie Great, declares that the  socialists do  not  want  to capture  the  trade unions.   Who, ever since the Denver convention the socialists have introduced their socialist resolutions with.  the attempt to capture the A. F. of L.  and pledge tliat organisation to, the so- ''  cialists.   If the socialists do not want to"  capture the .trades unions'why do they,  not leave them alone?   Why since tha,,*  late New Orleans'convention, the, socialists, have declared  .'-that-they wouia"  "capture the convention at'Boston, this ���  year.", The facts' are, that ,the-:social-'  ists want;to capture-the. trade'{unions .<  stid-ibi 'Seattle-Socialist'-is'"���fibnest'tri-2''  ougli to say so, declaring*recently that  the supreme duty of the socialists was  to acpture the unions In order that their  tc acquire the trades union movements.  They wish to capture the unions in order that their kind may be paid as organizers  while  doing  the piopaganda  work of the socialist party.���Haverhill  Criterion.  '���" -. X  '.'y'iii  would still be clear from the admitted  .nd established doctrines of socialism,  hat it is destructive to the present legally defined and established relations  rtween men "and women in the home.  i'he abolition of private property as a  moans of individual support, the industrial and political independence of wo-  men, stato care of mothers and infants,  state care of children, are all direct and  successive blows to the present order of  family life.  'Socialism makes all men and women the subjects of state regulations of  labor. Each one must labor under state  supervision, for his or her own support,  Each adult, male or female, has a voice  In the government and must help hear  Its burdens and responsibilities; nnd  when the state regulates everything  that goes to the makeup of material  existence theso burdens will not be  light. Womon must. Indeed, bear the  children; but the state discourages any  Individual lovo of the mother for her  child by becoming immediately responsible for Its care.  Homo 'Not.Necessary.  'Under such an arrangement, what  status, what possible reason for being  beyond tho mere satisfaction ot animal  Impulse, has the home? Mother love  and father care aro eliminated from it.  Tho motive for labor and self-sacrifice  which children supply is utterly abrogated,  tlie whole spiritual and affec-  TRUSTS.  'According to Congrasjinan Littlafleld.  of Maine, who is popularly known as  "Trust Buster LittlefleUi," there are 793  "trusts," which have a combined capital of $13,750,73-1,-317. O vor four and one-  half billions are in what he calls local  or natural monopolies. He classifies as  local or natural "trusts" street railways, like the Elevated Road of Boston, etc. The common stock of these ���  "trusts" is 5S.912.472,-!30. Common stock  is generally supposed to represent:  neither cash nor property, but is calculated to earn dividends because of the  economy of trust management. The-"  present wealth of the United States ia  estimated to be {94,300,000,000, and oa  this basis the trusts control one-sev-  enth~of"th"e~wealth-or~lhe~hatlo'n7^   '  It would be Interesting to know all  about the "trusts" in Canada.  JOHN  E.  EVANS,  provincial manager Union Mutual Life  Insurance company, is in receipt of the  following card of thanks from Ashcroft,  B. C:  "Dear Sir,���Yours of the 12th inst,  enclosing draft for $3,000, being the  amount of a policy on the life of my  late husband, Jamos Barnes, in your  company, to hand. 1 beg lo thank you  and through you your company for thu  promptness that has been shown In  settling this claim, no vexatious demands having been made upon ine In  connection therewith. Yours truly,  "M. A. BARNES.  "Ashcroft,  Mny  13, 190X"  BOYCOTT THE WESTERN UNION.  The Western Federation of Miners  nnd the American laibor Union have  withdrawn their business from the  Western Union Telegraph Company because ot the troubles existing between  the union and tho company at Butte.���  Railway Employees' Journal, Official  organ U. B. of R. E.  J. A. Davidson,... corner Cambie an&  Cordova Sts., Is the place where you  get your hair cut in an artistic manner.  RIGS AND SADDLE HORSES Always on hand at Hotel North Vancouver.  ' Hotel North Vancouver, finest summer resort-on the coast. 'Overlooking  Burrard Inlet.   Rates moderate. is;i  r"vj|  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY MAT 30, 130*  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE    INTERESTS Oi", THE MASSES  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  UAS1SMKNT    OF      FLACK       HLOCK.  HASTINGS STREET,  VANCOUVER,  B. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cenls; month, 15 cents: tliroc  months, 23 cents;  six months, fid cents;  one year, $1.00.  ENDORSED UY THE  TRADES' & LABOR COUNCIL OF VANCOUVER,  TRADES �� LABOR COUNCIL OF VICTORIA,   .  VANCOUVER   BUILDING   TRADES  COUNCIL.  Tile Independent can always be had  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATriiDAY MAY   30,   11)03  THE     ELECTION.  Immediately upon the local house  meeting on Thursday, Premier 'Prior  movi'd that it go into committee of sup-  lily, but was defoaic 1 liy a vote of 1!)  to IB. The premier left the chamber  at imcj lo inform the lieutenant-governor oi' the position of affairs. Upon his  return, he stilled that his honor had  handed him a memorial from Mr. Curtis, staling that charges had been niade  against him (the premier) regarding the  Oiiiiiney creek bridge contract, and ill-  formed him thiu the question of dissolu-  " tion w.is delayed pending an investigation, which was proceeded with by the  house appointing live of a committee.  In all human probability, as wo go lo  jmc.'s, there will be a dissolution of the  legislature at once, and the people of  the province will be in the throes of  an election campaign again.  In election mallei's we have always  advocated an Independent labor party,  and until labor does this it cannot reasonably expect very much consideration at the hands of the older parlies.  It has been decided to run the coming  election on strictly party lines for the  Iirst time In the history of the province.  A little over u year ago an attempt  was made by representatives of working men from the different parts uf the  province, who assembled at Kamloops  under most favorable circumstances, to  cigani'/.e and establish 'a united Vibor  parly. A platform was adopted-and  tl.e party was styled the Provincial  Progressive Party. That same platform must ultimately be carried out  before another step on the round of  progress can be taken.  Every working man knows the doings  that have been going on to disrupt this  party since its loi mat ion. A certain  unreasonable element sprang into existence nnd lioe.une so intolerant that  instead ol weakening the forces of ihe  older parties the outcome has been tlielr  sticngtheiiliig, and the progressives not  having the necessity funds lo offset  this, became weak and so now is not in  a position to go Inio the election.  We are opposed in so-called "moral  victories" won on the ' "percentage  p'Viiii," because froni experience in labor  politics "mulling succeeds like success,"  and, tii'-rel'ore, it npii'.urs to us a useless expenditure of time and money to  gc Into an election lo be unmercifully  defeated. Yet in the face of all this  disiuption we hope the alleged antiquated "mo.-is backs" in our various  -unioi-is-w-;il-gct-togcther-ag.i!ii-and_lalk.  over affairs and see what is the best  thing to do In Vancouver under lhe circumstances.  We ray to the workingmen, beware  ol demasogucry, to which we have been  so subjected during the past year, especially political partylsm, which promises such Hue Illusory triumphs. Wherever the?!* heroics have been brought  into use like they nre being used so  Voluminously now the resllt Is bound to  bo only wrcichcd failure. Another  thing that we have been cursed witli  In onr working men's gatherings of lute  If Ihe efforts of  "ndv.'iiturers"  lo use  the Inexperienced ns stepping stones to  vault would-be leaders Into place. We  say, cast off these interlopers as well  its the shivery of party politics, and  with lhe faith that is In honest men lu  the ultimate triumph ot their cause,  let them Join together to 'elevate and  Purify  public life.  Workingiiicn must remember lhat  there are far moie than themselves at  slain- in this contest. We speak advisedly when wc say thut while the majority of workingiiicn in this province  reject" socialism, all must agree thai  along certain well-defined lines tho  functions of the suite must ultimately  be enlarged and Increased. A government cim't move any faster than the  people and so can't do everything, but  il can do n whole lot more towards  lissening the burdens of the workers  then it does.  If our demands are right in this regard. If they are al all reasonable, we  are bound to win and so bold what we  gain. The world will give ear even to  socialism if properly presented. But  demagogues or zealots can't accomplish anything. Tliey only antagonize  .md disrupt, ll is just as natural for  lhe world to come io workingmen if  tliey keep to the right, as it is for old  Fnther Frasor to keep rolling onward  to the sea. Nothing can stop right from  winning, and so Hie great work must  now be started by rational men of long  years of experience ln the labor movement >n ihis province.  Wc- say again that we hope that  some of our old guard will come to the  ic-cue and see what can be done by  thc workingmen Inwards going Into  politics the coming campaign.  If you ciin't have harmony in a small  party, how is it possible to harmonize  a hi:: mil..  "Ciompeiile" sounds good. This is a  new word used in derision by alleged  socialists.  It's ciuite the thing these days to call  the "simple slmon" trade union a  "scab" organization.  There are none so poor to do Prior  reverence, except lhe choice selection of  island railway grafters and foreshore  grabbers.  The must paltry and unprincipled In  dividual is the "union" workman who  i.s ever ready to knock a  labor paper  Buzzards and   hyenas  are superior  to  them so far as principles go.  We hope that when our friends are  purchasing cigars that they will call  for lhe "Old Sport," or "Phoenix"  brand, made by the I-'.. C. Cigar factory  at New Westminster. They arc good  and  union-made.  The progress made by trades unionism in general during the last three  months is marked by the mnny settlements of disputes which have been effected betwen Ihe representatives of  capital and labor, all tending lo the betterment of 'he toiler.  A labor paper can shout "patronize  tho union label" till it positively becomes "chcstiiuliy." and yet lhe very  ones it bi-neliis directly would nol even  spend a cent to support il. Charity  should begin at home so far as supporting u labor paper goes, but then il  don't  work out that way.  A socialist writer says "the two battles���that of the unions for Immediate  gain nnd that of the socialist movement for the abolition of wage slavery  ���do not conlliet, but supplement each  other." It Is different in Vancouver.  What between oppressive employers  r.i,d-luii.V-sociallsts,_Uie_uiiioiis_liei'_^at"  between the devil nnd the deep sen.  A socialist paper says thai "il is unfortunate that the soap-hox orator is  never decently paid and never half appi eclated." From our experience of  these gentry tliey don't deserve any  more Hum Ihey gel. In most cases they  are on a par with lhe common bum, so  fur as work goes, intolerant, spiteful,  Incompetent and afflicted with the  "green eye." Knocking union men Is  lhelr  long still.  (.'oleinun's mustard  oil    for rheumatism.    Sure cure.    IHIS lliiinaid street.  +++++++++++++++0+  9  9  9  9  9  9  at  'holes  WHITE'S   ART GALLERY  Are Always  tbe finest  gjgf Wc do developing iiml llnisliliig for  iiiiiiiiniir and priifuMdonul phoiogruplieri. rlc-  lurc 'ruining.  14 CORDOVA ST. W.  ����-����+. . 99* ������ ��0 ��� "��0������ �������������  SAWYERS  Two No. 1 upright niachine shingle sawyers; Dunbar machine; 10 cents per  thousand; good average timber; run night and day.  BURLINGTON MILL CO.  Burlington, Wash.  The OZONAGRAM  is published at  112 HASTINGS STREET WEST,  VANCOUVER, B. C.  It arises every Saturday morning  and is sent to nny address on this  broad continent for tl a year.  A limited number of ads. are always  acceptable.  You will miss something if you do  not  Read It To-Day  9. CO TO  'i  Honig's  i:i:i Hastings Stk^kt East,  for Ilio niobt delicious ICt CRtAM,  f-erviid in tin: cl'iuiiest, brightest aim  iiiilcht parlor iu the city.  ���)K*;K*:*K**^K*'WH(��ft*5H*5K*H*  ��� CITY MOTEL  R. ASBEOK, Proprietor.  -IU Powell Street, VANCOUVER, B. C,  Terms $1.00 per day.  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS.  AllraemberBoftbeR. C. I. P. A. can show ihis curd.  Ask for it when making your purchases. ���  cndorscd oy thc a  f. or t.  ONOTHIRD ACTUAL SIZE  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  ���Good-only-tf wing months uamocl-oc-ripht _  hand corner aiuj whon properly signed nnd  HTAMi'm* with tho immbfcr of tho Locul.  .When you wnut.  OR REPAIRED  Thos 0. Mills.4<lli ft"11'"  I IIUC3   V��  l��"������ op. Court Home  TO HAVE  % THE  LARGEST CHOICE  OF THE  PRETTIEST  WASH FABRICS  FOR  SPRING  AND  SUMMER  DRESSES *  YOU  MUST CALL  AT  t  t  \  %  I  9  T  % DHYSDALE'S  I 170   Cordova    St.,   Vnncomver.  I     We reach wherever the mails  4   reaoh.  ������  Patronize the  Blue Label  ^ BRANDS-  Cigar Factory  NEW WESTMINSTER.  PHONE I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of work In this line promptly attended to.  ������������������������������������������������������������eo  On FRIDAY, MAY 1ST, of Millinery and Dry Goods. MILLINERY,  the latest styles from Toronto. My  stock Is new and prices to suit customers in every line���not excelled in  the city. LADIES CORDIALLY  INVITED.  W. W. MERKLEY  .107 "WESTMINSTER AVENUE.  e^K I M\ 4����/* ~kw>*  ��-*   - il-V M-M&- *%.%  uiufiiuica-1 itPt6i  78 CORDOVA STREET.  Under new management. Dining  Room Unsurpassed. Everything Newly Renovated. RATES���$1 a Day, Special Rate by the Week. Louis Adams  and James Guthrie, Proprietors.  PHOTOS FROM  The King Studio  301 HASTINGS STREET.  (Next Arcade), liave nn excellence that  plciiso and are dal!y winning favor.  It will be to your own interest to Inspect our work nnd compare prices.  'PHONE 10��.  A H. (.'. I.KtilSLATOIi.  Ibe Jeweler aid   Diamond   Mercbanf  COR. GRANVILLE AND HASTINGS STREETS.  Official Watch Inspector of the C. P. It.  CIVIC COMMITTEES.  Finance���Aid. McQueen (chairman),  Grant, McGuigan, Brown, Wood. Meets  every Thursday at 4 p. m.  Fire and Police���Aid. Brown (chairman), Grant, McQueen, Wilson, Morton. Meets second and fourth Tuesday  al -I  p. in.  Board of Health���Aid. McGuigan  (I'hnlrinnn). Giant, McQueen, Macpherson. Morton. .Meets first and third  Wednesday al 4 p. ni. ,  Water' and Market���Aid. Wood,  (chairman), Bethune, Cook, Wilson,  Macpherson. Meets second and fourth  I Wednesday at 4 p. ni.  SP-  Buy and wear union stamp shoes,  nnd thus protect the labor movement  against independent and hostile factions- that retard the recognized trade  union.  The union stamp on shoes Is found  nn the sole, insole or lining of all union  made shoes. Shoes without the stamp  are convict, non-union or unfair.  Patronize the labels of all crafts.  Demand the Retail Clerks' union card  In ull stores.  IT  I I1B������& fi  to test the wearing quality of a stocking. If it's possible to kick-*  hole in them he will do it. BLACK CAT HOSE giveB him the hardest struggle to wear them out he ever had. Every stitch defies rough wenr. They  are double at the knees, tho heels, the toes, giving long life and perfect satis*  faction. PRICES '23c nnd 40c. We are the sole agents in this city for Boys'  Black Cat Hose.   Everything In boys' wear at "  CLUBB   ii*   STEWART,  Telephone 702.  309 to 315 Hastings St. W.  WHAT'S THC USE  of hurrying about buying Life Insurance so many men think and say. At  least two strong reasons ara: Good health is uncertain; increased cost is  certain.  What's  the uso of waiting might batter be Bald I  UNION MUTUAL   POLICIES  may bo depended upon to protect throughout the varying experiences    of  human life, to faithfully guard tUe interests    of ths     insured, and to be  promptly cashed when they become payable.    Values and privileges abound  and   aro   conveniently   available.  Detailed facts gladly furnished.  After three years the Union Mutual Policies do not Income void by failure  to pay premiums, the Main Non-Forfeiture T?.aw without action of the  Policy-holder, continuing the Insurance for a Specified length of time.  Union Mutual LifelnsuranceCo $  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plana  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  COLIN  CAMERON, Special Agent.  ii  ti  o,  o  <���.  +00++++'++'+0000000 0000000 ��������>��� + 0 + 0 + 4' t  CORNER HASTINGS AND CAMBIE  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  New,- modern and strictly first-class;  good sample rooms; freo 'bus. Week  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. m., lunch  12 m. to 3 p. m., dinner, 6 to 8 p. m.  Sundays���Breakfast 7:30 to 10:30 a.  m., lunch 12:30 to 2 p. .m., dinner, 5:30  to 7:30 p. m. Rates t'2 and upwards  per day. HAYWOOD & PRESCOTT,  Proprietors.  ^e Hocigall House  310-312 ABBOTT STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Restaurant and Bar. Breakfast 6 to  10, merchants'^ lunch 11 to 2, 25c; dinner S to 8, 25c; lunches put up; eastern and Olympian oysters; short orders a specialty at all hours;  meal tickets ti; best 25c. meal in the  city.     D.  BURTON, Proprietor.  The"  ��� NIIRQ1I  319 SEYMOUR STREET,  VANCOUVER.  Having tho only up-to-date grill room  !n British Columbia, which in itself ls a  guarantee of a first-class hotel and restaurant. BuslncsB Men's LUNCH, from  12 m. to 2:30 p. m.. only 25 cents.'  CORNER CORDOVA AND OARRALL  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  Makes a specialty of Dewar's special  liqueur, also Usher's black label liqUeur  whiskey. Large stock of Imported and  domestic cigars. Finest billiard and  pool tables. R.     B.    MULLIGAN &  CO., Proprietors.  Meeting.  F. O. B.���VANCOUVER AERIEJ, No. 9,  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren welcome.    Bert Parsons, W..  P.; J. G. Ure, W. B., Arcade.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury.  Health -when you us*  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Of-.  . fiee of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  ���������#���������������������������  I :_GE09 HAY   :_|  A     Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes i   A  ������     Renovator, makes a Buit new.      x  A  a Dyeing and Repairing  A 216 Camuie St., Vanoouveb.  ���������������������������������������  !dinier  >eer  DELICIOUS WINE  JUDB KZCtUSIVKLY FBOSI B. C. PBDIT.  FRESn COT FLOWERS.   UNION-MADK  ���     DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip around tho  Park call on.  _ W. D. 'Jones "^SSLE?*  ee ooMsooeooeeooooeao  CANADIAN  ���?;::V'77'V::P/V^-i;Fi.C5v  and  IC  Works  Importers and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  /  SOLE AGENTS.  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE  Transcontinental Passenger Train  leaves dally nt 14 o'clock.  Seattle and 'Whatcom Express leaves  daily at 8:50  o'clock.  STEAMSHIPS  TO   JAPAN   AND   CHINA.  Empress of China May 4  ���Empress ol India May 26  TO HONOLULU,  FIJI ISLANDS  AND  AUSTRALIA.  Mlowera May 1  Aorangl  May 23  Moana June 2S  And every four weeks thereafter.    .  For full particulars as to time, rates,  etc., apply to  H. J. COYLB, JAS. SCLATBR.  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent/  Vanoouver, B, C.    W Hastings 8t  Vancouver. B.O-  Vf  J\  aCT^.^-ffljgT^7K^j5arggc^^75gsa!a     ;<ass*-s,j?7J7??  iWKMt.'JM-.'H*.-*' ���: w*ir-*^BBgawpy  ������LKUUMH.WW-HlU-l*' .4. WMWW"  s>*e&&&A��K&aKttm~*.i!ww t* ���SATURDAT MAT 30, 1903  THE INDEPENDENT.  m.  ���?K��^��:K��x��>c��x��:t:��:-:��^��:t:��^:��:-��>:��"*i(��'K��yv'��x<ix��>i(��x��>:��'>*��  I  V*  I  '4  1  Successor to Avenue Crockery Company.  The place to got values in  CROCKERY, GLASSWARE,  ENAMELED IRON AND TINWARE.  A full stock of Paints going at cost.  Telephone 931.  438 Westminster Avenue.  iti9-��.9X9X9X9X9X9X9X9X9X9)^X9X9X9X9X9X9X9X9X9X9  ���Our Victona Budget  By Our Own Correspondent.  John McCloud, a member of the B.  C. S. S��� hns contracted a very malignant form of contageous disease, and  'has gone Into voluntary quarantine on  lioard the Amur and sailed northward  for the benellt of his health. This Is  ���.the llrst instance of disease to manifest  itself In the ranks of tho B. C. S. S���  and It Is very distressing to the veterans at this particular time when every-  ���thins pertaining to the society Is in  such a nourishing condition. The moral  "leper will bo dropped from the rolls, of  ;the B. C. S. S., and the register will be  l'umlc.ited.  THE UNIONIST AND CAPITALISTIC  PRODUCTION.  Of   those   problems   whicli   this   age  must solve, if it would live and pros-  .per, which  It can  neither pass by on  :the other side,nor push off on Us successor, the true and lit relation between  ��� employer and  employee Is one of the'  most pressing and the most perplexing.  To ascertain what it ought to be, and  ;to. make it what it should be, is one of  .the llrst tasks  attached  to our epoch  ���ami our country.   XVe are pledged in  ���some way to do our best lownrds solv  ing the problem,-and co-operative pro  "(luctlon,   in  some   form  or another,  is  generally accepted us being the  most  direct method of arriving at such solution.   The aim of co-operation is to lm  , iprove   the   condition   of   the   laboring  ���classes of society, and  to bring about  ���a tetter, i. e., a more equitable dlslri  '.butlon of thc wealth of the country, so  advantage, alter this nnd say "Capital  is worthy of its hire," and labor Is entitled to the result of its exertions.  rthat instead of being as now a small  minority rolling in wealth and luxury,  ' :and a large majority struggling to  .maintain a precarious existence, all  .may be enabled to live in moderate  ���comfort, and be made pnrtakers of u  :fair proportion of the gifts nn Almighty  {Providence sends for our use. , The  chief aim of productive co-operation  should be an attempt tb make every  working mnn a capitalist and enable  him to become his own employer  ���through profits. In other words, to se-  ���cure for the laborer the capital arising  from liis labor, that lt may be used for  his profit, permanent advantage and  improvement. The workers should have  ���control of thu capital that employs  ithem. We shall then have the capitalist ami laborer blended and with In-  interest so identical, us to abolish tli?  necessity' In future, for any ot those  industrial conflicts and strikes which  have, so hampered Industry,'and been  attended with such calamitous __ loss  and .suffering to all interested. The  question as to how labor is to be paid  ���will then be settled. Not by a mere  ���wage���or wage with the addition of  :a bonus or present doled out' to it���but  '*����� the profit or result of the labor, after  paying the rent or hire for capital, as  'it would be paid for buildings, inuchln-  ��� ery  or  other  inanimate objects hired  ���ior~usc.���Surely_this-systCm-of-hiring  capital seems more natural than the  present mnde, where the "animate"  man is hired by the "Inanimate" capital. It ls said /'The laborer is worthy  of his hire."   I think we might with  .�����������������������0��0��0������0������0  ��� ��  '��All   BlWinW MIMFRK ���  ? ALL UNION MINERS  ��� SHOULD WEAR THE  ift  m  ���ft  9  'ft  9  ft  9  9  ��� Special "Miners" Overalls, Jumpers and  Smocks.  ���0  ��� ft  9  ���-���  ���  -9  9  -9  9  "9  <�����  made of fullweight denim, double  stitched and riveted, high walst-  ed, roomy seated, iron wear.  Made by  -THE-  &  9  9  9  9  (LIMITED.) ���  The oldest Union  Overall Fac- *  tory in the West' ��  HAW'S BLOCK, WIN ^IPf 3, H\N.      S.  --��������'����������������������������������sSc��  HELP ONE ANOTHER.  XX'e have made some little progress  from that stage of civilization in which  men killed and ate each other; though  some of us would like to be making  more rapid advance to thnt stage of  civilization in which all mankind will  be reasonable and happy. There are  some peoplo who will try to persuade  you that<lt is foolish, wicked, or Utopian, to look forward to a time when  poor people will be much happier or  better than they are now. It is not of  much use to argue with such persons.  No one cm lell precisely iu what year  nil the poverty, misery, crime and folly  In thc world will be done away with���  perhaps not till a good many feeble and  sclllxh and timorous persons who obstruct Improvement are dend and gone,  when thi' people will be taught better  and succeed better.  Except those miserable lunatics whom  we call criminals, there is scarcely any  human being at work, in,any form or  fashion, who is not carrying out somo  form of co-operation. The rich people  hitherto have mostly got thc lion's  share of all the good things produced  by the co-operation of millions ot human workers. This has been because  the poor hitherto ��� have not had the  sense to co-operate willingly; they  have been hired, bribed, or driven to  co-operale and so tho products.of their  co-operation have gone mainly to the  slave owners and slave hirers. Now  working men are just beginning to see  how much better It will be for them  to co-operate or work together willing'  ly, and so have the whole proceeds of  their joint work divided fairly amongst  them. Any man who Is not quite an  idiot can see that we all depend very  much upon the help of our fellow mun.  Some of us so easily get ihe help we  want that we forget where ll comes  from; we think no more of thanking  our fellow men for their services than  of thanking tht; apple tree for its fruit.  But there are many around us who  do not gel by any means all the help  they need. Working men must leuru  how to help one another. They have  been helping tho rich long enough. No  doubt working men are willing enough  to help one another, but they have not  liunieil the best way. There arc some  of us who believe that when working  mon have learnt the bost way of helping one another, the working men will  be us well off as the rich, llow any  particular man. whether he Is a butcher, baker or laboier, ls to do precisely the very best thing (o make all  his fellow creatures happy, may be  hard ti) tell in a lew words. Perhaps  when people have found out that religion is meant to.teach men their duty,  rather than to teach God his duty, we  shall-have-a-betler-chance-of-learning  how wp may best promote each of us  In his own way, lhe greatest happiness  of the greatest number. >��� ..  A VERDANT JOURNALIST.  [Parkhurst's Latest.���Dr. Charles II.  Parkhurst declares thnt he Is meeting  with the support of millionaires ln a  project to provide an Ideal dally newspaper for the public, to be issued In  New York City. How fur he has gone  with the details of thc scheme he refuses to say, but he asserts that there  Is every prospect for success, "I have  no Idea of publishing a religious dnlly,"  said'Dr. Parkhurst, in talking of his  plan. "The people want news���clean,  wholesome news���thut will educate and  elevate men, not degrade. My Idea is  to print facts without elaboration or  embellishment, and lo print them for  just what they are worth, if they are  printable. The point of sensationalism  to which the news of the day is exploited In some newspapers is simply disgusting and degrading."]  SAFETY OF RAILWAY  EMPLOYES  THOMAS   PAQUETTE  formerly  of Seattle.    Address wanted.  Chas.  11. C.  Hilton,   Union  hall,   Vancouver,  UNION   BARBER SHOPS.  John   Slliigerland���714   ltobson street.  Army und'Navy���3118 Granville street.  lDllto���111"  Hastings street,.west.  Hon Ton���60:! Hustings slreet, west.  Commercial  Hotel shop.  Anderson's���X!0 Cinnble street.  J. A. Davidson���307 Cambie street.  Savoy���137 Cordova street.  J,   A.   Miller���60R  Cordova  street.  G. 11. Sniltli���Allantlc hotel, Cordova  street.   , ,  Gem���33 Cordova street. . ,  Boulder���17  Cordova street.  City Barber Shop���Water street.  Terminal���Wnter street.  Sunnyslde���Water street.  Oyster Hay���30il Carrall street.  Unioii���HIB  Carrall  street.  O.   I\\���lti5  Hastings   street,  cast.  Glasgow���513 Westminster avenue.  D. P. Johnston���Barnard Castle, Powell street.  O. McCutcheon���Mt. Pleasant.  Tiio Independent $1 a Year  He bought a dailly journal  And to please all men diurnal  Was the paramount ambition  That he cherished most intense,  llo said he'd write  the "leaders,"  To conciliate all readers,  And his editorial matter   .  It should never give offence. ,.  He would please the high and lowly.  And the wicked and the holy.  The republicans and democrats  And even  the populists.  He would eulogize the people,  Higher than the highest steeple,  And pet the sleek aristocrats  And fai monopolists.  He would lift no wrathful becom,  But would study how io please 'em,  And  his  Indiscriminate  sweetness  "Would he scatter,.far and near.  Me would shoot as from a battery, .  Dally fusllades of flattery,  'And  with promiscuous praises  Daily  storm  the  public ear.  i  But the democrats did snub him,  And the republicans tryed to club him  And a Presbyterian deacon  Smote him on the shoulder biaiie.  And a 'Plscopalian  rector  .Stabbed him through his chest pro-  " tcctor,  And a strong agnostic athlete  Smashed him with a hand grenade.  And the high born and the lowly.  And the wicked and' the holy,  When they mobbed ills haled office  And  were equally profane.  And the deacon and  the pastor,  And the wicked dancing master  Impartially upon his head  Their equal blows did rain.  And a  Sunday superlntednent,  A religious independent  Aiid an infidel free thinker  Seized and hurled him In a heap.  And a bloody jail-bird stilled him,  And a gentle Quaker killed him.  And they buried him in partnership���  His grave was dark and deep.  ���Lue Vernon.  FUNCTION OF THE PRESS.  The yellowest ot the yellow newspapers is, as a rule, not as yellow as its  public. The very fellow who complains about the Invasion of his "privacy" when something uncomplimentary to him Is published_ will run his  legs off In search of a reporter to invade that same "privacy" when the  publication of something- would flatter  his vanity or advance his interests. The  most glaring headlines with which a  New York yellow ever trumptod a  '���function" of the vulgar rich was not  loud enough to satisfy their vanity. As  Dr. McKelway says, "society" contln-  ually-lliiigs-lts-persons-at-the-head-ot-  the public"���and In thc larger cities it  Is oven willing to pay quite handsomely for an opportunity to do the flinging.  These are facts that the greenest of  cub reporters comes to take as a matter of course before he lias boon in a  newspaper olllce three months���for the  man with a large area of sacred privacy  he wants invaded Is a. standing joke  therein.  Hut when u newspaper exposes crookedness; pricks the bubble of cheap  pride; shows up a two-by-four politician In his true light; expresses the  contempt It feels for tho demagogue, the  moral coward, the lightweight; exposes  the grafter who ls seeking In plunder  the people; pulls the cover off the sham  and the hypocrite���then, Indeed, It becomes "well nigh a public enemy," In the  eyes of the victim of Its castlgatlon.  A newspaper thnt doesn't malte enemies Isn't worth Its snlt. - There are a  whole lot of peoplo whose friendship  and approval no self-respecting newspaper would have. There are a whole  lot more whose approval and friendship would be prima facie evidence tliat  the newspaper was not doing Its duty.  A newspaper that everybody would  praise would be an utterly worthless  newspaper. The only newspaper that  counts Is the newspaper, that is utterly indifferent to the approval of a very-  large element of the public���Norfolk  Va��� "Pilot."  Following bill has been introduced in  the   House   of   Commons   by   Ralph  Smith, M. P.   Every railroad employee  should peruse lt carefully:  BILL NO. 77.  An Act to Promote the Safety of Railway Employees.  His Majesty, by nnd with the advice  and consent of the Senate and House  of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:  1. The Ita 11 way act, chapter 2D of the  statutes or 1S3S, Is amended by Inserting the following section immediately  after section 241:  "244A. On and after the first day of  January, 1003, no company shall use  any locomotive not equipped with aj  power drive wheel brake and appliance  for operating the train-brake system,  or run any train after the "said date  which has not a sufficient number of  cars in its so equipped with power or  tiain-brakes that the engineer on the  locomotive drawing such train can control Its speed without requiring brake-  man to use the common hand-brake for  that purpose.  "2. On and after the first day of January, 1903, no company or carrier shall  haul or.permit to be hauled or used on  Its line, any car. not equipped with  couplers which couple automatically by  Impact and which can be uncoupled  without the necessity of men going between the ends of cars.  "'!. It shall be the duty of the Minister to designate a standard height of  draw-bars for all cars, engines and tenders, measured perpendicularly from-  the level of the top of the rail to the  centre of the draw-bars, on the railways of all companies, having an exchange of traffic with the railways of  other companies.  "4. Companies not exchanging cars  with other companies shall adopt a uniform height, of draw-bars on all their  cars, engines and tenders and the height  of such draw-bars shall be made satisfactory to the Minister.    ���  "j. Xo company shall accept the cars  of another company unless they are' in  accordance with the provisions of this  section.  "6. AH box freight cars built In Can-  ada, for use on Canadian railways,  after the first day of July, 1S03, shall  be provided with the following attachments for the security of railway employees:     '  ���' "(a.) outside ladders, on the opposite  ends and sides of eaeh car, projecting  below the frame of the car," with one  step or rung of the ladders below the  frame, the ladders being placed <jlose  to the ends and sides to which they are  attached;  '(b.) hand grips placed anglowlse  over the ladders of each box car and  so arranged as to assist persons in  climbing on the roof by means of the  ladder.  "7. All cars built prior to the first  day of July, 1903, shall be fitted to comply with subsection five of this section  on or before the thirty-first day ot  July, 1901.    ' '    .  "S. No employee of any company  who is injured by any locomotive, car  or train in use contrary to the provisions of this section, shail be deemed  to have assumed the risk thereby, occasioned, although continuing in the employ of the company after the unlawful use of the locomotive, car or train  Is brought to his knowledge.  "S. Any company violating any pro-  vlslon of this section shall_be_Hable,_on.  summary conviction,  to a iflne of not  Our Victoria Advertisers,  The advertising pages of Thc Independent will reveal to trades unionists  in -Victoria Uie tradesmen who are in practical touch with them, and thejf  will naturally govern themselves acco rdingly In making purchases.  THE QUEEN'S HOTEL  J. M. HUGHES, PROPRIETOR,  Corner of Johnson and Store Streets,  Centrally located    and   all conveniences.   Terms $1 per day and upwards.  Free Bus. Telephone.  117 GOVERNMENT STREET.  Men's and Boy's Clothing, Boots and  Shoes.   Union Store.   Union Clerks.  in' Lowest-priced outfitters in the  City of Victoria.   Give us a call.  ...J. T. JONES...  Empire Cigar Store  Tree Reading Room and Headquarters  of the Laborers'  Protective  Union.  105 Douglas Street, Opposite Labor Hall  VICTORIA, IS. C.  A. Shereth  PLUMBER AND GASFITTER,  102 Fort Street.  Victoria, B. C.  -Jobbing done. Estimates furnished.  I!Le0ld Curiosity Shop  Pierce O'Connor, Proprietor.  US Yates Street, Victoria, B. C.  ���All 'kinds   of   furniture   bought and!  sold.   Anything you desire and do not  see please ask for it. '.,  Victoria Union Directory.  VICTORIA LABORERS' PROTECTIVE  Union, Federal Xo. 2.���Meets flrst and-  third Friday in Labor Hall, room 4.  President, A. Johonson; vice-president,  T. Cox: secretary, J. C. Mapleton; treasurer, J. Goldstraw; warden, A. Harris;  conductor, J. McConnel; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council, A. Johonson,  T. Cox, Lee O. Charlton, Wm. McKay  and J. C. Mapleton.  EVERY KIND  ���i  a  j Job Printing Done \  less than five dollars and not more than  ten dollars per day for each engine,  car or tender used contrary to the provisions of this section."  B. C. ELECTRIC RAILWAY  The British Columbia Electric Railway  Company, Lid., announces for Ihe year  enilcil :ilst March last, operating profits,  ��,*>1,92g; estimated London office and general, .C:i,."iO0; debenture Interest, ��11,112;  preference Interest and dividend, .C10.730;  balance available for depreciation, reserve  fluids and dividends on deferred ordinary  stock, C2(l,S3ii; total ot debenture and share  capital nt end of year. ��717,000. Out of  lhe above profits, lo 30lh June, 1902, ��j,-  ii>!i had been written off for preliminary  expenses and J*:i.t.22.*> hud been transferred to the various renewal ami reserve accounts. The amount of debenture and  share capital to 31st March, 1903, as shown  above, does not Include the Issue of ��173,-  000 Vancouver Power debentures, as tho  Company had not, up to that date, received any benefit from the works to be  constructed by tho Vancouver Power  Company.  Annals of Toll, by J. LMorrlson Davidson.  Letters of 'Love and Labor, by Samuel IM. Jones.  A' science of reconstructing- society  on .entirely new basis, by substituting  tlie principle bf association for that  of competition in every branch of industry.���tVorcester's Dictionary.'  SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY.  0  e,  '���  ��i  e  independent  Printing  Co'y ��  BASEMENT, FUCK BLOCK, VANCOUVER.  ��J  IF IT IS-FAIR FOR  of Vancouver and elsewhere to support  and purchase the goods of a fair firm  why should they not condemn and REFUSE TO PURCHASE the goods of  unfair concerns? The BUILDING  TRADES COUNCIL endorsed by the  Trades and Labor council, has placed  CHAS. WOODWARD & CO.,    ,  Cor.   Westminster avenue and Harris  street.  MESSRS.   DAVIDSON   BROS.,  Jewellers, Cordova street.  R.  G. BUCHANAN & CO..  Glassware,  Hastings  street,  on   the  Members of theso firms awarded the  contract for building the proposed big  departmental store on corner of Hastings and Abbott streets to E. COOK,  a bitter opponent  of organized  labor.  SOME1 LABOR LITERATURE,  and Wages,  by  Six Centuries of Work  by Thorold Rogers.  Evolution of the Trade Unionist,  Frank K. Foster.  Sympathetic Strikes and Lockouts, by  Fred.  S. Hall.  Organized Self-Help, by Herbert Cas-  son.  The History of Trade Unions, by Beatrice and Sydney Webb.  Tlie New Right, by Samuel M. Jones.  History nnd Functions of Central Labor Unions, by W, Maxwell Burke.  Human ?Progress, by Thomas S. Blair.  .Wealth and Progress, by George Gunton.  Democracy, by Beatrice and Sydney  Webb.  Relations of Employer and Employee  (Symposium),  by John P. Peters.  Annals of American Academy of Political and Social Science, July issue,  1902.  Land and Labor, by Wm. Godwin  Moody.  Social Unrest, John Graham Brooks.  And others too numerous to mention.  Lnbor Eight  RACING   DATES.  Following are the dates set by tho  North Pacific Fair Association for the  horse races for 1903:  t-PltlSC MEETINGS.  Victoria, B.C May 22 to 23  Vancouver,!). C May 23 to 25  Seattle,'Wash Juuo ti-. o July *  Vancouver, B. C July 1 to 2  Grand Fork.B.C July 1 to S  Spokane, Wash July 4 to 6  Everett, Wash July 2 to 4  Whatcom, Wash July 2 to^  ' TALI, MEETINGS.  Seattle, Wash !...Aug. 1 to 29  Whatcom, Wash Aug. 31 to Sept. 5  Everett, Wash Sept. 7 to 12  Salem, Ore : !..*.Scpt. 14 to 19  Portlanil, Otc Sept. 21 to 26  North Yakima, Wa6h Sept. 28 to Oct'. 2  Spokane, Wash Oct. 5 to IS  Boife, Idaho Oct. 12 to 17  Walla Walla, Wash  , Oct? 19 to 24  Lewiston, Idaho Oct. 26 to SI  The Dalles, Oro ....Sept. 23 to Oct. a  La Grande, Ore Oct. S to 10  New Westminster, B. C Sept. 29 to Oct. 2  Vancouver, B. C Sept. 7 and Oct. S to     '  Victoria, B. 0.-. Oct 6 to 10,  CONVENT'ON-DATES.  May 10. Indianapolis, Ind. American Federal  tion ot Musicians.  June 1. Cleveland, Ohio. . International  Ladles' Garment Workers' Union.  June 1. Columbus, Ohio.. Chainmakera-"  National Union otitic United States of Amorica.  June 1. Louisville, Kv. ��� National Association  of Steam aud Hot Water Fitters.  June 8. Philadelphia, I'a. International  Ceramic, Mosaic and Knciuistic Tile Layers and.  Helpers' Union.  June ]'��� Minneapolis, Minn. International  Union of Flour and Ccrcnl Mill Employes.  June ll. Cincinnati, Ohio. International  Printing Pressmen's Union.  June 17. Philadelphia, I'a. International  Steel and Copper Plale I'rlnters' Union of North  America.  July I Lynn. Mass. Amnlganiiilcd Leather  Workers' Union of America.  J<ily 1:1. Cincinnati, Ohio, ftlnss Bottle  Illi/H'crs' Association ol tha United Slates and  Canada.  July l-l. Indianapolis, Ind. Stove Mounters'  International Union.  Capital depends on laibor, but the latter  does not depend upon capital. If nil the  laborers would vanish from tho world todny capitalists would perish ln loss than  six months, for production would cease  and famine would reijm from ono end ot  the earth to the other. But if all capitalists would pass clown into their graves  and bury their wealth In tholr lombs,  laborers would not only survive, but grow  rich, for then they would get full aniount  of the wealth produced il>y their exertions.  It Is true that they would *o without  monoy, and without machinery, but thev  would soon create these, as they havo already created the wealth of the world.���  Rev. Father McGrady.  July 18.   Brooklyn, N,   Y.  American  Weavers' Protective Association.  Wlro  International  July  24.   Philadelphia,   Pa.  Association of Marble Workers.  August in. Indianapolis, Ind. United Garment Workers of America.  August 10. Washington, Tl. C. International  Slcrcotypers and Elecuotyper's Union of North  America.  August 10. Washington D. C. International  Typographical Union. .  August 1". Birmingham, Ala. United Association of Plumbers, Gas Fitter*, Stcum Fitter*  and Steam Fitters' Helpers, '*  August���.  New York   City.   United .Gold ���  Beaters' National Protective Union of America.  September 7. St. Louis, Mo. International  Urotlierhood of Blacksmiths.  September 10. Springfield, Mass. Tablo  Knife Grinders' National union.  .   September IA.   Niagara Fulls, N.   Y.  Team.  Drivers' International Union.  M 'B TIIE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.. MAY 30, 1903  JI-'  it"  ARE YOU GOING FISHING?! what D0Esjm.s mean?  RODS, KEELS. LINES, CASTS,  FLIES, BROGUES, TRACES, MINNOWS, SPOONS, BASKETS AND  FLY BOOKS.  Wo'can supply any  required, and -will be  your business.  fishing gear  i'lad to have  52? Hastings Street.  LITTERS TO THE EDITOR.  l?The Independent does not hold Itself responsible for the opinions of its  correspondents. So long as they are  not libelous, and' are of reasonable  length, they"will be published. Tho  name of the writer must must in every  instance accompany the letter, not  necessarily for publication, but as a  guarantee that they will back their  . opinions should occasion require It.]  UNION   MOVEMENT. ...  1 To the Editor of Thk Indctkn-dknt:  Sir,���To  a   man   who  has  thi!  -well-  being of thb worker ut heart, and'who  wishes to see hiin take his place in this  World, and yet the full product of his  labor, I am asking myself the question,  whether in the present disrupted condition of the union movement In this city,  ure   we   likely   to   achieve   the  object  sought?   Any one looking, and able to  perceive .the present intiuenees at work  in our midst, cannot but allow that an  enemy, a wolf  ia sheep's clothing, is  in   the  ranks   of. labor,  today,   whose  Whole aim is not to better men's condition, but whose 7only aim is to make  men discontented with  present conditions and keep them in a constant l'o-  . ment.   I refer, here to socialist intiuences being pushed in this city in the  shape of new organizations, which have  sprung into existence within- the last  six months.   They? are not-the kind of  unions calculated to work for. the workers' best interests, but are simply gotten up solely for political purposes, and  ??r.ot to help the-worker to get better  conditions at the present time, as.our  inetrnational   ��� and7'--'.Canadian-   trades  unions have been doing and are doing  ???to-day.   Their- main purpose seems to  ? *be lo drive-men into socialism, to teach  it .'arid'-preach''it in season and out of  -.season.--.This is precisely the thing that  ..'-.-Js being done under the blind of trades  unionism.       The leading lights don't  Tealize. what they are about, or what  they .are teaching.    Tliey are, ?*as:i*it  were, the blind leading the blind; and  . between them,7 they will fall into the  fiitah:    Trades  unionists,  think for _a  .moment!    Supposing you had a state  of socialism reigning in Canada to-day,  do you suppose that the present exponents ot that Utopian dream would be  capable of governing this country and  carry out the principles that they try  to expound?   I for one don't think so.  And forseveral reasons: the chief ot  these? being the lack of a living, 'moving impulse to spur these men. on to  make? right laws, live right lives, and  Co right acts;   and another is to live  7 a life of socialism and run a country  under a state of socialism. Men's whole  natures must be changed to the pattern of the giver of the thirteenth commandment, Jesus Christ himself, before  they can ever think of doing this. Fancy  .';' a state of socialism being worked out  l>y the present exponents ofthe doctrine,  most of whom never go into a church,  .?but all of whom meet on a Sunday  night to discuss the economic questions  of the day and sing "The Marseillaise  I believe tliatTthojTe w-h"^YinnK=lhSrit  can be done are being misled. These  men are wasting a whole lot of time  anil energy, which, put to a legitimate  purpose, might be all right; but when  you are being seduced from the right  path ot International and national un  ionism by a chimera or mirage such as  the brand of- socialism that Is being  taught Sunday nights iu the upper  rooms and on the street corners hereabouts, you are being fooled woefully.  I have said men's natures must bo  changed; they must be Christ-like before tliey can do Christly things. Most  o�� theso men don't even believe; In a  Q����������������3����������^������<��&  Tbe Salt  | of Life  I  (���i  is business.    We want more of {2  it.   We'll jjet it if an out and out ft;  bargain ivill fetch it. *  How is This  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle  '���8  I  Ci'  (t-  Fountaiii Syringe  75c. .;.'.   i  I Tlie McDowell, Atkins, S  Watson Co., Ud. Liability S  6> UP-IO-OAIE DKUCGISIS.  to����������������������������������?/.��?.*  God; don't believe- in religion.. They  don't hesitate to say so. Fancy these  men running a country without a God,  without, religion, and where freo love  reigns? Fancy a state, run on these  lines? Why, the ivry essence of socialism is Christianity, and those men who  prate socialism to-day can't see this.  It" they do, they won't admit it. But  before they can hope to see the "happy  state"' they talk so much-about, they  must go through the "'cleansing''; or a  sort of purgatory, as it were, and become Christian men and women. The  sooner these men see to it tliat they  embrace ihe main 'quallflruiion for becoming a irue socialist the better for  the community. These men are leading  tho organized and unorganized along a  road whicli will end only one way. I  have said so before, and men who differed with me are now beginning to  have their eyes opened to the fact that  the inen in our unions ..who have fought  ngnihsc these things .being introduced  nto their organizations are the true  friends of-'the'union movement..7 It is  only this week that men, who thought  I had'uot done right in opposing some  of the acts of our fellow trade unionists in this city recently, have stopped  me aud admitted that.they were..wrong  iiuii-:T was right. It will not be very  long before the rank and file of labor  will admit that to bring any otlier inlluence in lhe trade . union- movement  likely to divert our minds from its one  reat. object, namely, the betterment of  their conditions is not conducive to the  best interests of their union, nor the  movement they belong to. .With all,due  respect to the men who differ from  me and shout "Let-us.have polities in  the? union." "Let us discuss socialism  there also," . I. say to you that, there  are--*times and? places for ail these  things; but it is not in the unions. So  sure. as. you'allow-it, so sure will you  see the disrupting inlluence at work,  aiid so sure. is the union doomed to  discord. The business in the union is  to discuss intelligently and dispation  ately the best way to promote your own  Interests and those of your employers.  I know that there are plenty of extreme  men-who'think that the worker has no  right to. study the employer's interests  with his own.' It is this'class ot men  who are bringing discredit or., our unions in this city to-day? True unions  will work along these lines, and.it they  do this, and do it thoroughly, they will  have no time to discuss anything else,  let alone socialism. Unions that have  least trouole with their employers are  those that think the employer has  rights as well as themselves. The nien  who do not think so must be considered  demagogues of the first water. Those  who have gone into the "modern'  trades unions, under the auspices of  tiie'American Labor Union, as well as  those who are affiliated-'under its banner, will awake very soon to the realization that they have not joined a labor  union in the fullest sense of the term,  but a society that preys upon their  funds-=fof-^ropa'ga?nda==^voi-k���for���the  spreading ot socialism. This is the aim  and not ihe immediate betterment of  conditions. I hope the awakening will  come soon before loo much of the  hard-earned savings of your union has  been spent through misplaced confidence.   I am, sir, yours truly,  '.":���'    J. It. WATSON. Organizer  A'ancouver, I). C, May US, 1903?  Should Mind Their Own  Business.  The socialist papers are still worried  about the fee paid by the mine,workers  to Clarence Darrow. They evidently  think (it they ever think) that Darrow  sliould have-given the miners the benefit of his skill and. his years of study,  paid his7 own  expenses, liired    sleno-  raphers, etc., and given them a receipted bill after-winning their case.  They might do a little real thinking and  agree that soldng as the miners do not  object to Harrow's fee it is nobody's  business -how; much they paid him.���  Labor Compendium.-      .  WHAT IS SOCIALISM?  Some people liave queer ideas of what  socialism means. They confound It  with anarchy, dividing up and free love  and other absiii'd statements. For the  benellt of such, the definitions from  dictionaries and world famous, men nre  here appended.  The abolition of that individual action on which modern societies depend  and the substitution of a regulated system of co-operative action.���Imperial  Dictionary.  A theory of society that advocates a  more precise, orderly and harmonious  arrangement of the social relations of  mankind than that which has hitherto  prevailed.���Webster.  - There Is only one socialism���Socinlists  dllTcr as to what it will bo utter success Is won because the working out of  tho details cannot be determined-beforehand,'' but fundamental principles are  definite and agreed to by all, viz:  First���Collective ownership and control of the means ol" production.-  Second���Collective control of distribution so: that, tliero shall, be no profits,  but all go to tho producers.  Third���Direct power vested in the peoplo through -the  referendum.  Fourth���All this dependent upon political victory by a working class Socialist Party. .  Following* dodger has been received  here from Calgary, N. AV. T.:  "Wanted���500 men. Apply to J. H.  Macdonald, representing liritish Columbia mills here, at hotel on day  of , 1S03."  CUKRENI OPINION���ALL SORTS.  Give All Away.  The question seems pertinent just now  as to what other business our parliamentary "representatives" have but  giving away the properly and rights of  the people.���Toronto Toller.  (Kicking Without Reason.  Truly It, takes all kind of people to  ma'ke n. world. The fanners'of the cast  perhaps buy and use less lead than any  other class of peopple in Canada, and  yet they are tlie biggest kickers against  the increased tariff on that product.  And the farmer who doe's not use live  pounds of lead lii five years will argue  until he is black in the face that an Increased tariff would ruin his business.  Moyio Leader.  Organize.  Organize to think together and to  light together for common defense and  for united advance. Fight against reductions and fight for gains, v'Fight at  the same time always for final aud  complete emancipation. Fight to win,  and to win all; doing thai,whether this  or that skirmish be a victory or a defeat, the line of battle will'move ever  forward and the assured triumph will  soon be in sight.���New York AVorker.  .'.?'������:-' Enjolrier Enjoined. ?' 7,  It is God no longer. It is injunction.  The air is full of injunction? It'is injunction simple, injunction complex. It  is injunction monosyllabic and injunction polysyllabic. If you want to do.'a  certain thing you are enjoined.: If you  do not.wanjt to do?it you are enjoined.  The hat you put on your head is enjoined. The lovo you put into your  heart ^* is enjoined. The: thought you  put into your head is enjoined. Democracy has given way to injunction.  Even.:rel!gioir:retires before injunction.  So thick is the cloud of the interlopers.  So thick is the? crowd. So thick.���New  York AVorker (socialist).  Pbonc 1046.  THE  KINO   STUDIO  . 301 Hastings St. (Next Arcade.)  We are not "cheap." Our work is  first-class and? will please you.. Cabinet .Photos 54.00 dozen. Careful posing,  lighting and (finishing.     ?  LE PETIT  fAMBLY THEATRE  This Theatre is stricty   a   UNION  BOUSE, '".  ������-.  Employing UNION ACTORS,  Thus    securing    the    VERY    BEST  TALENT.   _,_, PRICEJOLCCNTS--X.  CLARENCE   HOTEL.  (Under new management.)  JAS. AV. MASSEY, Proprietor.  Corner  Pender  and  Seymour Sts,  One block from Post Oflice.  First-class  dining room and bar; white help only.  Best, English ales and (porter in town.  Rates, $1.00 per day.  CIGARETTES  We. the undemiguud, liaiullo tin;  only UNION MADE 01GAKETTES  made in Caniulit.|gKAl*NAC, V. C.  and T. A15.  II. G. MOORE.  G. AV. WEEKS.  S.  IIARCUS.  C. FORSI3URG.  CHAS. PECK.  D. M'DONALD.  R.  L.  RICE.  AV. A. CALLAGHAN.  W.J. McMillan & Co.  Wholesale Agents for B. C,  Comer Alexander St. nud Columbia Ave.  Vancouver, B. C.  P. 0.1IOX, 20G. VlIOKK, 170,  Vancouver Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER. TRADES AND  Labor Council mcet3 first and third  Thursday in each month, at 7.30 p.m.  President, "IV. J. Lamrick; vlce-presklent,  Geo. Dobbin; secretary, F. J. Russell; financial secretary, J. L. Lllley; treasurer,  A. -N. Harrington; sergeant-at-arms, J. C.  Kerr; statistician, J. II. Perkins; trustees, Messrs. Pound, Cross nnd Thompson; executlvo committee, Messrs. George  and Gothard.  SHIRT- AVAIST AND: LAUNDRY  WORICBUS' UNION. No. KK.-Mcots  every 2nd and 4th Thursday In each  month in Union Hall. President, R. N.  Hogg; corresponding secretary,' Wallace  Sharp, 1119 Richards St.; financial secretary, Mr. Xiee; treasurer, F. Young; delegates to Trades and Labor Council,  Messrs. Hargle, Coltart, Lee and Hogg.  WAITERS AND WAlTltESSES' UNION  Local No. 28. President,'Charles Over;  vice-president. . A. N. llotTiiigton; seer.*  tnry-treusurer, .1. II. rerkins; recording  secretary, Miss A. Scuitto; Press agent,  W. Ellender. Mooting every second Friday evening ut 8.30 o'clock in UnioD  Hull, coiner Homer and Dunsmuir streets  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  Amorlc.a No. 173.- ��� Meets 1st and 3rd  Mondays In room No. 1, Union Hall. President, C. L. Wnalen; vice-president, J.  T. Mortimer; recording secretary, F.  Williams, ISM 7th avenue, .west; secretary-treasurer, J. Savage; sergeant-at-arms,  H. Brazeau; delegates to Trades & Labor Council, F. AVIlllams and J. T. Mortimer.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION. No. 113, AV.  F. M��� meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  m. in Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, J.  AV. Austin; secretary, Alfred Raper;  treasurer, A. G. Delghton; conductor,  AVm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patterson.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union, No. 120���President, E. Harpur; vice-president, J..GI1-  man; corresponding-financial secretary,  J. A. Stewart, 442 Hastings St. E.; recorder, AV. L. Aylesworth; treasurer,  G. Bower; guide, W. Bushman; guardian, O. E. Jacques; delegates to T. & L.  Council, E. Harpur and J. A. Dlbden.  Meets first and third "Wednesdays mt  each month ln Union Hall.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday ln Union  hall, room 2. President, A. E. Coffin;  vice-president, L". C. DeWolf; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin, 633 Hamilton  St.; financial secretary, J. MoLeod;  treasurer, G. Adams; conductor, H.  Howes: warden, J. F. Gray; delegates  to T. ���& L. Council, Geo. Dobbin, Geo.  Adams, A. E. Coffin, L. C. DeWolf and  S. 'O'Brien; delegates to the Building  Trades Council, H. Howes and J. Mc-  I*od.'7?  TEAM DRIVERS' INTERNATIONAL  UNION, No. 409-Mcets 1st and 3rd  Wednesday in each month ln Union Hall.  President, J. C. -Kerr; vice-president, S.  Cawker; sec.-treas., D. Melver; rec. sec,  B. Bridge; correspondent, F. Topham;  warden, A.713. Soaper; conductor, J. Little; trustees, C. B. Hlgginson, R. Haywood and A. Robinson; delegates to T. &  L. Counoil. J. J. Harrison, A. E. Soaper,  Geo. Dunlop, J. C.7 Kerr and C. B.? Hig-  glnson.-  INTERNATIONAL, ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, No. 151.-  Meets the first and third Monday ln each  month at 8 p. ni., in Union hall, Homer  street. President, A. A. Bigg, vice-president, G.AV. Smart; financial secretary,  Chas. McAllister; recording secretary, D.  Robinson, box 37, Vancouver, B. C; delegates to the Trades and Labor council,  AVllliam Latham, D. Robinson, H. Howard. : ���- .  - ?    ���??  BUILDERS' LABORERS' FEDERAL  UNION, No. 32, Vancouver.���Meots every other Tuesday evening, at 8 o'clock.  In the large room, Union Hall. President,  J.Sully; vice-president, W. (Lyons; secretary, H. Sellers, Western Hotel; treasurer,  J. Cosgrove; warden, H. Chapman: conductor, J. Gunderson; delegates to Trades  & Lalior Council, J. Sully, G. Payne, J.  Cosgrove and H. Sellers; delegates to  Building Trades Council, J. Sully and J  Cosgrove.-..:?. A-  A'ANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UN-  TON, NO. 220. meets the-Ith Monday in  each month at Union Hall. President,  AV. J. MacKay; vice-president, S. J. Gothard; secretary, W. H. Hunt, P. O. Box CO;  .treasurer, John AVatklns; sergearit-at-  arms, James Webster; executive committee, Ralph Wilson. - A. XV. Flnbow, N.  Clcland and P. Kellas; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council, Robert Todd,  George 'Bartley,  Geo. Wilby.  STREET RALLAVAY MEN'S UNION.-  ' meets, second and fourth AVednesday  Ibfieach-month=ln=-Sutlierland-Hallr=cor-  ner AVestmlnster Avenue and Hastings  Street, at S p.m. President, James McGuigan; vice-president, A. G. Elliott;  secretary, A. G. Perry, 33 Seventh Avenue;  treasurer, W. II. A'anderwnrkor; conductor, H. Howes; warden, G. Martin; sentinel, D. Smith; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, B. Marshall, F. C. O'Brien,  Geo. Lenfesty, A. J. Wilson and James  McGuigan.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'iBrlen's Hall, tho first and  third Tuesdays of ench month. J. A.  Murray, president; AV. J. Lamrick, secretary, 1M87 Princess street.     ?  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  Machinists, Beaver Lodge, No. 1S2.���  Moots second and fourth Wednesdays In  ench month In the Lesser O'Brien Hall.  President, Goo. P. Downey: past president, J. R. Edwards; vice-president, II. J.  Littler; recording secretary, J. II. McVety; financial secretary, J. Anderson.  j Don't be Careless I  , Don't start your wheel on   the  new  season's  work  without  n +.  thorough overhauling,   ilt will add much to your comfort and secur- $.  lty and will cost you'but little.    AAre liave a thoroughly up-to-date &  bicycle repair department. ' "+j  ��� h-w-^h-b-hb, 126 Hastings St. 1'  * Stoves, Ranges and Kitchen Furniture. $  Loggers' Supplies  SPECIAL    ALL... STEEL  WIRE ROPE SNATOII CLOCK.  ALI^AN  AVIIYTE & CO.'S  SPECIAL WIRE CORE LOGGING WIRE.  'PLOUGH and CRUCIBLE STEEL AVIRE ROPE In all sizes and grndos.  All kinds of loggers' tools and  supplies, Camp Utensils, Etc.  McLennan,  McFeely & Co.  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street.. Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 3063.  /^W^^  VVVVVVVVVV'1  DRINK THE BEST  Ceqlon  Pul up in 1 lb. and i- lb. lead packets  For Sale by all first-class Grocers.  I FOR THE GARDEN^�����*-       *  Pruning Knives  Pruning Shears  Tree Pruners  Hand Sprayers  Step Ladders  Lawn Mowers '  Garden Hose  Lawn Sprinklers -  Lawn Rakes, Etc.  ���  Individual dascription is ^  impossible, not enough ���> ��  space to do that.   They *  must  be   seen, and   the 5'  price tags will make no *���  heavy drain on your ^ ��n  pocket book.. 2-  I  Vancouver Hardware Co.,  339 Hastings Street.  ^*e*^C^5K<��7K*)*J*7K*5K^>^*5K^3*e0^K ***^)^Hr��)^^;H<'^^f^7��*?K^;-<f*=*e*He*- -  "The Beer Without a Peer."  Brewed right here in Vancouver by men of yoars and years ex- ("?"  perience and in a brewery whose plant is the most-perfect known to "��?,  the art ot brewing, is it any wonder lhat lt has taken a. place in S.  the hearts of the people which no other beer can supplant? (^'  $1.00 Dozen Pints |[.  $2.00   "     Quarts �����  Brewed by ��  Vancouver Breweries, Ltd. |  Vancouver, B, C. %"���  ��--  and for sale at" all first-class-Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels.      ��,  (^SXS'SXSSXiXSXj)^^  I You can get them horn.   Our stock of MEN'S HATS Is worth-_eeing���j  I worth looking through caretully.  Wo have your size, your stylo and at a price thnt will suit you.  $2.50!. $3, $3.50  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ��> CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Strcol.  Trunk Store 127 Hasting St., 0(i|>. Win.���Ralph's.  i.tiSeit4WISESSXSSUf  INTEHNATIONAIi BROTHERHOOX" OF  Electrical Workers. Vancouver Local,  No. 213���Meets second and fourth Wednesday ln each month ln O'Brien's Hall. President, A. McDonald; vice-president, J.  Dnbberley; recording secretary, S. W.  Huston; financial secretary, H. V. Han-  kin.  ���We are selling  Boots and Shoes at  Hard Time Prices.  Every pair reduced.  Ladies' "First-Class  Kid andi Boxed Calf  in Buttoned and  Laced.  We guarantee our   shoes.   Must   be  sold to make- room for our new stock.  GEO. E. JAMES,  13 Hastings Street E.       Vancouver.  If there is  Any Pleasure  Sn House-  cleaning  ���It Is ln laying away woolons  and blankets that have been laundered by tho Pioneer Laundry.  Or In putting up curtains    that  havo boon through our hands.  "Wo certainly do two things well  ���launder woolens and curtains.  Steam Laundry  910-014 Richards Street. Toi. 846  Brunch office in Arcads  Toi. 1178.  Advertise in The Independent.  The  Welcome  324 Carrall Street  Three doors from Hastings Street.-  Telephone I33S.  Choice lines of Confectionery; Fru!t3,.  Soft Drinks and Ice Cream.  Refreshment "Parlor���Tea, Coffee, Light'  "Lunches.'  PIPES, TOBACCOS, CIGARS..  ���Prompt f ��������� vice.  Open   till-.-I.,-'dnlgtat-  GEO. C.

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