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The Independent Nov 29, 1902

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 WS5J  -'���$  y  f   l*n��JftUT�� Lftr'y Mar, n[OS  ";-  I  THE- ROYAL BANK  OF   CANADA    x  . . SAVINGS   BANK'. .  A Gemeral Banking Businssa  ;        Transacted.  OFFICBS-Haatlnga   Street,���W.,  mwulnater Avenue, Vanoouver.*  b. c. permanent lo.w m  SAYINGS CO.  Authorized Capital . f 10,000,000*  Subscribed Capital-  -   1,-'<X1,000-  Assets Over -:   - ���     300,000  Head Office, 821 Cambie Btreet,  Vancouver, 3). C.  VOL. 6.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 29,1902.  NO 10.  Telephone Workers  Are Out on Strike  "The Signing of a New Schedule and Adjustment of Griev  ances Demanded���Information Received That the  Company Were Seeking Operators in the  East���The Strikers' Side.  I  On Wednesday last at -O jt. ta. thojo-  ��al operators tfnd electrical workers in  tbe employ of tlio Buri-a**d fillet M'elo-  jihono company ceased work .'and will  jiot return thoreto until a host of griev  anocs and a now schcdulo -of iprioos aro  Adjusted and signed.  i'or'many years the employees of this  company hato been subject' to tho arrogant mil be of one mnn, but they  bavo socui'thc light and formed a strong  substantial union with tho iicsult - that  hereafter, the company will -bo compelled  to doal with their, employes as a body.  At-thc beginning of tlio strike it was  assorted that the union  had  peremptorily demanded that their schedule bo immediately signed, giving only; \oiy short  . motioc.  The local would have boon extremely  foolish had they dono othorwiso in ithe  toco of tho evidence thoy have iu their  possession. On tho presentation of the  schedule Inquiries weie immediately sent  to Soattio by tho management for linemen who could not be supplied '  The local Electrical Workers' union nl-  -so received word from Toronto that tho  union tlvoro had become aw .\ro oi xhe fact  that ten opcratois weie wanted in Van-  ''couwsr. This was sufficient to demonstrate that the company did not intend  ^*o remedy ^tho grievances.  Wow dealing with thc telephone opora-j  ^    * *.  'tors <aiid   their  demands   lot   the   public  -  distinctly understand   that tliey did not  go   out  simply  in   sympathy     with   the  men,  but to jointly    proscnt and insist  on a better condition than hus hitherto  prevailed. if.. ,      I'  t   r  Tlioy���a"=lc for an Inci ease in tho niontli-  *\ ly    pny   of tho 'different class' of oiwra-*  ���"tors.;   Tins can  bo* seen'In,'detail by con-  , suiting tho annexed schedule.  Another cheap John    custom     of this  *  company has     been  to  keep  six  young  women working two hours  a day      for  . nothing.    This means at least 12 hours  A- u day  the  company   gets  free.   As     arf  instanco in point one young lady workee*  .     lor nine months in  this      manner    and  I      then was dismissed.    To obviate this it  V     is asked that 12.  cents an hour be nl-  >    lowed."  I      ^ They want overy sixth Saturday aftcr-  /     noon off m consideration      of     Sunday  work which each girl has to  do.  ,, As these girls aro hiied by the month  j     tliey object to being deducted when they  (     are a few hours absent on sick leave.  As soon as tho local union was  . _ formed an obsolete and ndiculous law  was brought into force to the effect that  sisters would not bo employed. Acting  tmder this law one young lady was dismissed, notwithstanding tlie fact 'that in  /Other cases this rule did not apply  Tbo statement that tho girls" weie  dragged.into-this oflau is simply untrue. In fact, had tho men so, desired  it. the girls would havo quit work in  sympathy, during tlio previous strike.  They further complain that-their immediate supervision lias bcon carried on  in-a manner which causes Irritation and  is entirely unnecessary in tho overy day  work life of this nerve straining occupa-  . tion. -��� -    \  At- tho time of writing only thice  operators aro working, these being Miss  lllinn, business ' agent, Misa,, Murray,  chief operator, and ]rfl��s Mcllae, , night  operator.     As  thero  ai'o about      1,700  ��� phonos of all*kinds Tn.tho city 'it.-.wlllibo  ��ocn how poorly the business community  will bo served untjl tho' management of  tha^ institution becomes amenable .to  reason.'  The men in tho other branches have  jukod for an advance In th'clr scale of  wage* bcllovlng thnt they'should share  <n tho gcnoral j advanco in . this lino  granted in'all othor cities In tho' western  ���Utos. Tho advances*In ovwry .inBtanco  ���I'll loavo them' a lowor rate than is.  paid An Seattle, Tacoma, ^Portland, San  Francisco and other western towns. Tho  B. C. District Messenger Sorvica havo*  hired two men and aro paying the rajc  disked. * ' "',  ��� ', Another cause of friction was thb.dla-  ciissal  of Mr.      Dlllabough, *  which, tho  most competent man and performed  work of a .toclmioal nature. Some tune  sinco ho was ordered away from thc  city���vi hichj was tantamount to a reduc.  ,tion,iu liis position���and when lie refused to go ho was dismissed. TLcro wa-s  a number of young men in tho service  who should havo went. / Tho fundamental pnnclple of trades unionism being that tlio injury of one was tho concern of all, tho matter was token up  and, had no other matters intervened  tlio men, even then, would havo struck  to  protect Jus rights.        * *  Under the picvious arrangement with  thO| board" of dircctois it was thoroughly understood that thc Electrical  Workers' union was to bo organized but  this vvas honored moro in 'the; breach  than-1 tho'.observance. f  ' Tho company arc peculiarly woll situated to j)ay tho advances asked.     The  c ���*  rates charged  are as high and in most  instances higher thon otlier cities similarly situated. Other tclcphono companies are compelled to pay a tax oa  overy polo, which custom docs not pro-  vail here. The instruments in uso arc  antiquated, compared with other cities,  so much so. that when-electrical workers  visit hone they indulge in much fun at  the expense of tho local men.  , So with theso advantages and many  moro that might bo' enumerated, thc  company has a snap and can well afford to pay the. advances asked.  Thc manager has addrossed , tlie * following ' communication to tho opcra-  tors-  Bcar Miss,���I horoby'appoal to you, in  fairness to "yourself, the' public and -the  telephone company, ^ to return-to your  duties by nine o'clock tomorrow morning; otherwise I shall bo unwillingly  compelled to resort to other means to  promoto tho convenience of tho public  ;nnd tho v interests _ of the company.  Trusting you'willj give my request your  serious   consideration,   yours   truly,  'n.   W.  KENT,   General  Supt.  The following is schedule preiontod.  MEMORANDUM OF AG-RBEMBNT.  Mnde this   day of  , 1902, between the New. Westminster and Burrard  Inlet' Telephone Company, hereinafter  called the party of the first part, and the  International.."Brotherhood of Electrical  Workers, Number 213, hereinafter called  the party of the seoond part, ,  Whereas, the party of-tho, first part is  an incoiporatcd Company doing* business  In the City of Vancouver:  -.And whereas tho party of the second  part is a Trades and IJabor .Union, organised In tiie City ot Vancouver, and  consisting of threo classes of electrical  workers, viz., repairers, operators and  linemen:  *,.And whereas tho party of tho first part  employs electrical workers; ' . < - .  , And whereas difficulty as to payment,  duties to ba performed, hours of labor,  etc., have heretofore arisen; * , ��� ,  ���And whereas it ls desirable that such  difficulties should be lessened, or altogether prevented in the future;   \     0  Now, therefore, this agreement witness-  eth' that in consideration of tho premises  and in -consideration of tho ; Increased  wages .'.'hereinafter mentioned to be.-; paid  by1 the party of the first part to the  party of thc second part, and tho better and more harmonious worklng^oOhe^  party-of* the_second"iiart-for the party  of the first part, tho parties hereto do  covenant, promise and ugree with each  other asifollows:  1, That all employees of the party of  the flrift part (except Chief Inspector)  shall be members In good standing of tho  Local 213;. of -the (International Brotherhood' of: Electrical Workers. <  2. That any employee who may be appointed on. any Committee to interview  the officers or who Interviews the officers of tho party of tho first part, shall  not be discriminated against .by tho party of tho first part in any way whatever.  8. That members of tho party of the  second part, being Local 213, of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, shall not bo discriminated against in  ���the matter of employment by tho'party  of tho first part, should tho party of; the  first part wish (competency bolng' equal)  to glvo, proforence to tho mombors ,of  tho party of tho second part seeking cm  ployment,   *  4. Thnt any case of trouble between  tho party ot ithe first'part and* the party  of tho second part; or In ease any of  the members of tho party of the second  part Hhould leave* or' bo. discharged by  tho party of the first .part, tho party of  the! first part, hereby ngrcen.: that It *,wlll  not In'any way, shape or form:Interfere  with the. members "of the party of ;the  socond part getting employment with any  other person, company or firm.  ' ,6. sThe following hereafter net-out -sections, numbered 6 (a) to 5 (1), Inclusive,  shall be. specially applicable to and refer  piUrero,; namely, first-class and second-  class. *  -5 (b). Tliat tho rate*of wages paid by  tho party of tho first part to the' party  of tho second part shallbe: For first-  class nien, if.1.20 per day of eight hours  for second-class men, $2.80 per day of  eight hours; and lt ls hereby agreed thnt  a day shall be-reckoned from 8 o'clock  a.m. till 0'p.m., with one hour at noon  for luncheon.  5 (c). And It Is further agreed that the  party of tho first part will pay to the  party of tho second part a timo and a  half for all overtime up to 10 o'qlock p.m.,  and doublo timo for overtlmo after 10  o'clock p.m., .13 well as double time for  all legal holdldays and Sundays,  ; 5 (d). That the timo of,tho members of  tho party of tho second part'Cihall be  counted from tho time they report at the  storeroom of the party of: the first, part  whon going to work until tho members of  the, party of tho second part report nt tho  storerooms of the party of the first part  on quitting.  5 le). And It is hereby agreed that Assistant Inspectors shall be paid at thc  rate of, .3.75 per day, of, eight hours.  G (f). Should tho paity of the first  part wish at nny timo to lessen their  staff of-employees, the samo shall be  discharged In.the inverse;order, in whicli  thoy wero employed, namely, tho last  mon 'to be.employed shall be th<ntlrst to  be discharged or whose services are to  be dispensed with, etc  5 (g). Apprentices. It ls hereby mutually agreed that tho* number of apprentices cmploicd by the party of the  first part sliall* bo limited to one "apprentice for every threo repairers,  5 (h). Tliat no apprentice shall lnstal  telephones or do -wiring of any descrip  tion unless accompanied by a journey  man. *  6 (1). Working by the month. Should  the party of the first part at any time  prefer to have .their employees work; by  the month, the party of tho second, pnrt  agrees"to raise no objection, provided*tho  party of the first part agrees to tho following clausas:  5 (j). The members of tho party of. tho  second part shall be paid by the party of  tlie first part an increase in salary to all  employees In the Inspector's Department  as follows:  6 (k). Where tho salary formerly was  from $60 to"$70 per month, it shall be Increased ?o per month, and salaries from  tSO to to0 per month to bo increased tlO  per month.   -. "  6'(1). All extra work, other than ordinary case of trouble, to be paid for at  tho ordinary/overtime rates.  6. The following sections, hereafter sot  out and numbered 8 (a) to 6 (e), inclusive,  shall be specially applicable to and refer  to that class of electrical workers hereinbefore referred to,as-operators:  0 (a). It is hereby agreed and understood that the party .of the first part  shall pay to that class of the party of  tho second part, employed as telephone  operators,;- the following, rate! of-wages:���  An operator shall be paid $25 a month for  the first six months of employment, 'and  J27.50 a; month"for' tho period of employment* extending over six. months and less  than one year; and for tho period of employment' extending over ono year of service, tho rate of t33 por month shall be  paid. The assistant chiefs and long-dls-  tanro operators shall be paid $35 per  month. ', Night operators shall,'be.; p.tld  133 per month. Spare operators, relieving at lunch hour, shall, be paid at the  rate of 12V_ conts per hour.  _ (b). Operators working between the  hours of 0 and 11 o'clock p.m. shall have  the privilege of changing hours of duty  every alternate week.  6 (c). Operators being off duty on sick  leave not more than three days in one  month shall.havo no deductions made In  their salary. . '  0 (d). Operators shall have every fifth  Saturday halt-holiday.  6 (e). it Is hereby agreed. that every  switch-board with over SO subscribe*-!,  shall have an operator In chargo and v\ ho  shall not attend;to any portlon'of adjoining boards between the hours ol I am  and C p.m.  7. Thc following seotlons, hereinafter  set out and numbered 7 (a) to  7 (I), Inclusive,"shall be specially;applicable and refer to that class of; electrical  workers,: heretofore;;referred to.as linemen; ,  7 (a). It Is hereby agreed and understood .that all employees except ground-  men and foremen shall * be members In  good standing of the Local 213 of the International Brotherhood of 'Electrical  Workers.  7 (b). There shall be ono grade of line-;  men only;' namely, first-class.  7. (c). The rate of wages to linemen  shall;be. J3.20 per day.  7 (d). The Assistant Foreman sliall receive $3.75 per day.  7 (e). That eight hours shall constitute a'day's work,; being from S a.m to  5 p.m., one hour ueins given at noon for  luncheon.*  7 (f):-Time to be counted from the timo  the (employees -report  at  the  storeroom  of the Company until *; tho employees re  port at, the storeroom of the Cmpany on  quitting..'  (g) "  MORTIMER REPM TO  FOLEY.  To the Editor of Tin: iNiiKi'KNDKNT:  Sir,���In your lust Iksuo Jlr. Chris Foley conthui'iig a discussion which originated, In nn udilrcHK ho delivered beforo  tlio Vancouver Lotal of thu 11. C, So-  c.'nlibt paity, spiciuls himself over two  columns of newspaper type in un attempt to dmnoiiilintu tlie coiiectnoss ol  a piopdsltlon, wlmh, stiippcd of Its  ipiofusu jvcibiugc, is us follows, '"lhat  jundci tic piesent industrial system the  uipitulril ami the luhoier have a greater community, than a conflict' of Interests, and that this community of Interests is (tlie pilinury governing principle  in their relations " Incidentally,* also,  Iho soeks to administer a lebuko to the  ,socialists for taking in this regard a  [position, which, ho says, is immoderate  and untenable uud piaiscs tIie1,o-called  pi ogroasiv e party loi lis endeavor to  unite tlie capitalist und laboicr foi sonic  Legislative rurposo '  not veiy cleat ly defined. -Mr. Foley admits a ccilan conflict of interest vvhieh  scciiis to mo at tho outset to negative  his proposition and rcfeis to our Indus-  tiial system as "civilized anarchy." But  i '  in spite ,of that and alter much mconi-  pichensiblc mental juggling he re-asserts in his conclusion: "That capital  and labor have a greater community  than conllrtt of interests." Now, in addition to be'ng rather self-contradictory,  Air Toley makes in this last phraso a  nususo ol terms, which 1 havo quoted,  And which is unpardonable in a mau so  erudite as he is. "Ho uses tho woids  "capital" and "capitalist," "labor"  and "laborer" in a synonymous sense.  Beforo wo con piocecd to a discussion  with any degreo of satisfaction, wo  must m this case dclinu our terms*  As I undeistnnd it, "capital" is an as"  ^legation of instruments of wealth production. The "capitalist" is the owner  of these. "Labor is the peiformance of  nn act essential to wealth production,  tho laborer'tho perfortmer of thatv act,  So it will bo seen that where Mr. Foley uses,, tho, tciins capital^and labor^t  should-^to-avoid.::an: absurd, conclusion���  read "capitalist" and "laborer.". Now,  sir, the weakness oi Mr. Foley's position - shoivs itself in a comparison of  whathis ioiicIusiou clearly implies and  a pievious statement of his. .Thus, if  there is a greutcr comuiun ty than"a  /   _ Uonflirt of Inteiests     .        .  it follows that a system wind, produces  this dcsiitihlc stato of) things is worthy  of being sustained, and that his pievious refcrcnto to it as '"cn'lued anarchy" was wrong.; Both certainly cannot be right. Again, if his conclusion  is a coircct  one,  wo might soe m    our  for  Any interest which the laborer may  have In common with his employer dc-  f pi'iuls upon the coiitlnumitc'of the 'present system and is sulisorvlont to his  (the laborer's) Interest In getting'rid of  by legal amd constitutional pinccs*u>B of  the-'unnecessary' capitalist. Further, Mr.  Foley's nigumeut as to what is the  dominating principle.-l*!-tlio ; relations o!  tho capitalist and laboiei would moie  tham equally apply to the cond.tlon of  chattel slavery which obtained: not Binny  V'ais ago *n the sou thoni vstates of  Aiueiita, und moie than equally condemn tho nbolillonisls ol that penod.  In a, contrast of tho condition of the  chattel slmo nud the vvnge-sluvc\ in tho  sense of  -   Cieatuie Comforts  <<"*���  nnd continuity of employment  the black  slave had a "greater community of  interest" with his master than his whito  bt other of the present day has with  hi9 employer. IJvidehcc on this point ls  plentiful. When tho black slave was  'side his master had: to'-.nurso'-him back  to health and pay his doctor bills. He  had to feed him enough to maintain  him in thc best physical condition or  suffer pecuniary loss. The slave was always ceitam of employment. Thc capitalist of to-day is under none of these  obligations. When his laborer falls sick  ho strikes him olT tho pay roll and puts  ou another (Thero are usually enough  for that ) Jie pays no medicine or doctor b.lls. In somo cases, as in thc  Crow's Nest Pass, tho laboi er pays for  tliem and docs not get them. He cnies not  ^whether lus laborer gets cnough*'t6",cat  ire likes it better,w-ien tho'labor market is glutted. Now';l then, when this is  the case, 'were Wcndcll__J_l'.,i.ps and  Wm Llovd Currison vvroiij; in demanding no linkeungfoid rero'rininsf of I chattel  slavery, but its entire abolition' Mr fol-  ey, if he is consistent, would say no, as he  < HELLO, lENlRAL!  There aro few mole harassing occupations than that of a telephone operator. Each one has to look aftor a bundled numlieis. Theio is always a few  cranks who aio prcpaicd to bev impudent with "contiol" If tho number tlxcy  _ask foi is engaged. Now, if it was a  ninn who was opeiating hu would probably tell Mr. or Mrs. Subsciiber to go  to ' the hot place But not sa w:th  gentle-voiced "Cential " She always ex-  cicises  the patience of hei   sCi.  7 (g). Work' performed , ovortlmo shall  bo paid ot tho rate of timo and a half  from 5-p.rn". to 10 p.m., and work performed, after 10 p.m.,shall be paid al doublo tlmci also work performed, on Sun-  daysor legal holidays shall bo reckoned  and paid ns doublo;time.  .7 (h).i No grouhdmen; shall bo allowed  to climb, a telephone pole without the  permission of tho party of tho second  part.  7 (1). Should tho party of thc first part.  wish at any timo to lesson their staff of J-  employoes, the same shall bo discharged  lii the Inverse order In which they were  employed, namely,. Iho last man to be  employed shall bo' tho first to be discharged, or.whoso sorvices aro to bo dispensed, with, otc.  S. And It ls.furthor agreed and understood thnt this agreement shall be bind-  .lug upon the party of tho first part and  tho party of tho socond part and shall  not bo set osldo or lhnhy. way* departed  from by cither party, without first glvlni,'  the other party ono month's notico In  writing, which notico shall contain the  rensons of such party'for wishing to annul this agreement,  9.  This agreement shnll go Into effect  and be bidding upon both parties,hereto  on .tha '-���- day.of ������, 1002.  .Signed, scaled and delivered at Vancouver, this ���-��� day. of .  industrial phenomena some support  his contention ' But v do wc? Look  around the world ' and see'.*, the,,...blessed  evidenco of this gicnt co'mnninity of  inteiests The events oi the lust few  niontlis in Pennsylvania affords an excellent example. The capitalists aie piling up wealth by tho million. 'Iho laborer is down ton miserable subsistence wage llight heie is n. lcfutation of  Foley's contention .that* an" increase' in  prico moans; a demand for labor mid nil  mcrcaso in wages. Again, the cotton  mills of tl.e south with the natuuil  bread-winner idle 'on tho street ond the  child���-miserable, stunted,  phys.cally and  mentally���slaving    in   tho  factoiyl   '.To  , t  como   nearer    home       Noto  the  Crow's  men beliovo woo a direct blow "at   tho J��,tb��t CW 'of* electrical workers here^*  ��*��!������.    Thi��� gonuemn.  w��    . %.ftt ^auW^e, of re-  If tho Board of Directors of tho'Tol  ephono company are wise they will r��-  placo Mr. Kent by^somo more diplomatic mu. He seems to have an antipathy  to trades unions and that ls not vory  profitable' these * days.  Nest "Pass" railroa~d 'const! uctloni vvith  the beautiful-' community ,:-. of .Interests  vvhieh* operated between 'the abused,  ovciwoikcd, undcipaid luboicrs, and the  luxurious.gentlemen, tlio capitalists, who*  employed them Observe again the hni-  inony that was disclosed by tho investi-  Ration into thu conditions, under which  the contract clothing for tho mlllliu  and postal' employees was manufactured!*  There Is no need to multiply Instances.  Mr. Foley's Illustration of Mr.-Dunsmulr  and tho coal 'miner, and Mr, JUogeis  and his laborer does not provo that they  htivu any great community, ofi Intercuts,  .but only serve*) to provo the socialists'  contention that through.'tho  Private Ownership  of the mo|ins of production* tho'laborer  has to be dependent on the' capitalist  for an-opportunity'to.live. To say tliat  tho laborer must work for the capitalist  or Htorvo is one thing. To, say that'ho  has a direct and ovci-shadowing identity  of interosts because of thatv fact is nn-  I other. When tho grain of wheat la  sifted from Mr. Foley's bushel of chaff  it will bo seen that all it proves is that  capital (not the copit��liit>( and tho laborer laro     necessary    to     each    other.  says to the socialists of stoday But the  socmlist savs yes. Abolish chattel slav-  eiy and further abolish wagc-salvciy,  which Is more deadly and more degrading in its results thnn the foimer  Again, Mr.'Foley snys- "That all must  agree tliat coal 'and railioad monopoly  promotes the interests of tho few nt 'the  expense oi the many," and suggests  that this should cease.- Wniving the question as to whether the coal and  Railroad Magnates  would accept this view of Mr. Foley's���  they might argue community of interest  ���this question suggests itself It capitalistic or private ownership'of coal npd  railioads should cease, why should private r]or, capitalistic ovvnei ship of uny  other'necessary of life continue''' 1{a  suy tlmt tho peoplo arc not lciuly oi cdu  tated for this change does not touch the  socialist position, but ruthcr hits tho  tinkering and patching piofeicssives r0i,  if the people are in this condition of ignorance, it is the duty of all who sec  tho economic situation cleanly to dnect  their cllorts to the woik of education  and organization instead of' seeking to  distiact their attention fiom the real  issue boforo them by a bogus philosophy of community of inteiests, .When  the worker appreciates tho fact* that  railioad and coal monopoly should  cease he will not be far from putt.ng  the fin'shing touches to the icst of the  l otten sti ucturo of capitalistic monopoly.  Agnin, Sir Foley speaks ot the disastrous ending of "refoim paities" I am  huppv m being able to cohgintululo  Mr Foley on havinef made a' tllscoveiy  which auguis well foi hib furthci en  lightenment, and I would suggest that  ho turn in and help_to_hjiiy���tius_thc latest  of tho reform parties, namely, the piovincial progtessivo pnrty, of which ho  is tho heud. 'Tis true., reform " parties  havo tiled because, like the piogresuves,  they have       *-     >'  Attempted the Impossible���  the organization of naturally conflicting  interests.    The patious of Canada     and  the  populists    of  tho    United      States,  whore they did not merge cjiclr Intcrte.sts'  directly   with   the  cnpltiillKts,   died- and  deserved to die.    llut the socialist party  Is not a reform parly, ,ind it  lives and  Is growing stronger eveiy day. The  le-  cent   returns  fiqin^lhn     United     States  elections furnish   ample  proof  nf  Its  vitality.    In conclusion,   I   would   suggest  that Mr. Foley take a littic (Sf his own  advice���ii  medielnu  ho  is   so   fond of pte-  scribmg for the socialists���and leave off i  his   bewildering   rhctotle    which     seems!  only to Confuse    his  icasouing powei s,  und  get-down   to   lhe consideration,    of  sober'fact.    Uvery civili/cd countiy lias  its socialist movements.*. Is-that movement advancing or decoying? Tho facts  show,.that no movement; of; modern "tinier  is making thc progress that socialism lis  making and that in spite of tho clouds  of dust raised to obscure thc vision  of  In  Friday   morning's   Advertiser     Mr*  Kent cndoavois  to  enlist  the  sympathy  of the  pqblic by claiming that none of  the    board  of  directors  urc in  the c.ty  i  and he can do nothing   Theie was   ap-  patcntly no intention to giv*e scuotis  considei ation to thcir employees's demands, else why were efforts Miade to-  piocuie peoplo  in  Seattle and  the east.  It is high time that tho city council  should take.into considoiation thp establishment of a municipal telephone.  The piesent company aie" not prepargd  to  Consult  the, people's,  convenience.  A    mightier    power    than   ( ricslclent  Hooscv'clt     (who     lecogui/es    labor  unions)   is  Manager Kent  of  tho  Vancouver  Telephono   Company  who  ictuses  to .  recogni/o a union.  Tho citizens should bestir theinselvos  to the necessity of running its own tele-  phono sei vice 'lhe Stave Lake.,  people might be aPproucii^^V.iw  siye-L':  "Does it not appeal X^^  the  local  telephone  ioi__________" '  engaged   in  a moie  proL      ~^~"  mg than lighting a do/en j  ���re  with  , HOTEL SI KIKE SEi riEO'.!  Tho btiikc whicli ocuiiK-ri on tho Hotel Vuncouvei on Nov. 3_<i vhjn UU union men \wthdiov, uUfa finally titled  on Monday, Xo\. 2ith. Negotiations  weio rcopenetl on Stititri'uy, t'ic uj,id  Jnst, when a delegation mom ihu ltu:id-  mg Trades Council met Uie imn of  HohcrUon & llackctt and Ulkc��l o\er  the situation Both parties tobk a sen-  biblo mow oi the situation ,uul came together in the friendliest m-uu.Li noifai-  ble, some m.i.or nomts beinjr c*ih uJel  by boih sides, both sides iecogn:^ing-  that their interests a*o*o ;nauuul��y  identical.  The sti ike was realiy'jt^t'i>t me nonunion men oa the job who pienpitaiott  "the'trouble by oigtinvin^r un *'!>! osilion  * non-union union," ns thi'y ^i>Je themselves, 'lhe lonti.icto'-, itto��;iii/iitg  tl ut theso iner had taut.'d Lhe PoiLie,  ng-ieed to JespLMi.se with then s(*i i es at  5/o'clock on Mondtiy last, aud to hiro  -only���lccogr.i/ed'^unioii���men in~their���  placet.  So at S o'clockion 'Monday the union  men hail the satisfaction 01 Joeing .theso-  men . leave the job under convulsion  whereas they tliemsel'.es had quit vol-  iwitarily.  In v connection with; this' the International Hi othei hood of rneetric.il Workers met Mr. Imrber of tho A. T Harber  Co ,(whose shop had been placed on tho  unfair list and entered, into an agree-  n.tiit with tiiin H-insliUing all men that  hml .been*on .strike; A.. K. JUtrber Co. * Is  now  fair.  '��� *w  W  tho laborerAas to where his real interest lieu, -The worker is beginning to seo  the trend of economic dutclop-  ment, and is tail realizing that  oigiuiJratlons sin.li as tho / pro-  grcSh(M"i aio attempts once more to  use hlni to light the battles of his masters. Fortunately, suth un attempt will'  be ns futile as ,Its predecessors. Whex>  the socialist aim is consummated; nhen  the menus of production and distribution!  are owned in comiiioii, then, and not till  then, will class exploitation cease. Then  aiidnut till then will ��� a real ^''community fit Inteiest" oo inaugurated. �� _,  JOIllJ. T. ai01lTIlIKRt  Vancouver,  Nov.   1!3,   ]902.  Si  m  -mu  itlMi  11  mm  lil|.s  'fimii  ��.iafeifIL  :'(5vH  m  '���' il  m  '-'Ri!  film  m  XX  I  "OLD SPOUT" AMI "U. C."  Tit�� of thc finest hlue label cigars  iiiiiiiufiictiiiod���Old . .Sport and 11. C.���  are handled by all the leading tobacconists and. bars in the. province. Everybody knows Cnpt. Wilbur to bo tho  right sort and what he doos not know;  about fnst-iato "smokes," well it's  lim diy worth the knowing. lli.i placo or  manufacture is tho 11. C. Cigar Factory,'  Now  Westminster.,  ���I  ' Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  tum-ont; J. J Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  all  i  mm  ci  'X^t'y'^Xi'i  )XX$S��ti>  iSSSSSS^Sfpfi*"* TIIE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY NOVEMBER. 22,  1902:  ur$  1  We hnve the nm-l complete slock nf Sew I'urs in Vancouver. All onr furs are  new this season, and we have every kind, from the medium to the very best.  i'hcsu prices five you nn idea; Collars from fi:2i> to $5) each. fonts from  ���ISO to i'170 ench.  Then there are Caperines, Muffs and Long Bons-in fuel, everything here lhat  liutkc* il complete inr stock.  The piirtlcnlnr impression we wnnl to mnke upon you is that there is not u  single pli'i'iinf lust yeur'*. furs in onr sleek. Kvory piece wo show has been purchased this season.' If you are Interested, it will afford us .rent pleasure In show  yon these j,'umU. ''  Weak Spots!  Our UNION MADE Shoos  -I'roin^Canadian and American Union factories are the  best in the ' land. Men's  Ladies' and Children's Shoes  durable and stylish.  THE FATERSOiV SHOE CO., LD  30i}jHastings St. V1  JWYS OF TlffiliBOR.WORLD'  Tlie teamsters' organization hus now  ���--190   locnl   unions.  Klectricni v.urUors hiivu \vqu their  strike  at  OUuimvu,   li\  I'xle tl rivers and duel; workers in Cleveland  ixvc uinureinK a heu-  scale.  -;   Striking;  plasterers  0f 2s*ew   York  lmvo  returned   to'work  i.ondinij  arbitration.   .  Uliillicoilio, Ohio, has recognized the  eight" hour duy in all. brauches of city  iworh.  Twenty-eight new unions of hotel, and  restaurant employees were organized last.  JtionUi.  fr>t. .Louis waiters liave won " "better  wages nnd hours after" a, strike lasting  'im' hour. *. /.- ';'',;  Typographical union No. oil of Clevelnud.. Ohio, have compromised with employing printers..* ;:  Forty charters have been issued inthe  pust livo'(iuorilhs by the American Fcder-  : ation of Musicians.     ���;  The eigjit-hour ���'du'yv.: movement .is  .sprending to all : thc flouring-1 mills in  .. Minnesota. -  ���:    Retail tobacco, dealers .in Huston have  formed >'iin.'organization  to  light   the tobacco trust. .      .;.-'-['"'���       '.../: , '"!*.  'ii    .Sliopnu-ji   of  the. Chicago   nnd  KnBterri  .Illinois'railroad   gained      a  raise     of  3  cents'per hour last week.                  '  Silversmiths  in  nil  of the large, establishments; of  New  York ;City  are . strik-  ,; ing for the nine-hour day.  ,   Laundry   workers   nt; llammond, 'Intl.,  have, guinuil' the* nine-hour day and a iio1  "���per cent,  increase ,in; wages. -/  . ;   -'/-lv :  The United Brotherhood  of  Carpenters  und '-.Iomors paid; out lust year-over    a  inillion ..dollars  in  sick  benefits.  lieading. I'a., 'Trades Council is making a light for :tho, establishment oi- a  inunieipal   eltctrir^iiglitiiig^ plant.  'Kocluuitefi ' ^T- Y*�� is starting the co-  yiiCi'alivc movement by the establishment  '^of a shoe store under tliat system.  - In- leaver'^ Falls, Pa., machinists .who  liave,been on a strike for three months,  liave won -.shorter;- hours and "better  ;\Wagea;; .;-...:'   _  :  Chicago is to have a trade union hospital .known as. /the Mechanics' . Sanatnr-  /.ium, with',twenty beds,for, members,   of  that union/  Seattle .musicians' union has passed a  resolution forbidding its members playing at dances where there      is    a     non  union  jH'omptcrr^ > ��� ;  The Sailors' union of the Tacific has"  addressed; 'to "President Koosevelt a  protest against: the. scheme; vof. smuggling; Chinese into thc "United-States by  fitcamers taking on crews-of celestials in  tha orient. Not only are thc great trans-  ilbe Salt    V;    ;  |of Life '.     ':  is ltiminefs.   We want moro of  it.   We'll )tcl it if an out and out ^  bargain will fetcli it.  How Is This -  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle  or  Fountain Syringe  '.     .      75c.  | The MeDowcll, Atkins,  I       Watson Co., Ltd. Liability ��  *�� UP-TO-DATE DRIJG6I5TS. ��  iportation companies violating the coti-  tnict labor.,law, but'��� ,.tho exclusion net  ns well. . '  According to the lust consiis report,  5,.'119,1)12 women nre engaged in work  of various sorts in tlie United States,  including nil trades.  Printers in Zanesvillc, Ohio, submitted  a new scale and it was signed by the  employers. It calls for increase of -0  per tent,  iu wages.  ThcoFronch miners' are still. on strike  and there seems to lie no prospect of  an immediate settlement of the trouble  between them and the "operators.     ;.;...  In-Great Britain tho Iron Founders'  iniioh has decided to pay. an annual  levy, of 25. cents per member to keep'up  a fund for the establishment of direct  labor representation in parliament.  The . trouble between the Grain Handlers' union and Balfour, Guthrie &  Co., at Portland, has been settled by  tlie union'" taking'.-'in twelve employes  who have heretofore, been unfair and-the  company lias signed,an .agreement for u  year. -.', :;:.':���''.':���'���.' .-'"   ...  ��� Melbourne, Australia, printers aro taking a ballot of the tradej on *the recommendations of tlie recent political'- labor  conference. One of tho recommendations  is that every trade .society shull ; contribute 12 cents, a: member per;year;for  organising and political purposes.  . The ..committee in charge of. the : benefit given . in San Francisco for tho -"hon-  ojt of the miners and striking- tanners  made-tlie .following: roport lat -the last'  meetin,g of the, council: ;\Tlie total re-,  ceipls' during Alliambra benefit week, including collections, union donations and  sale of tickets, were *S*1,123.15, of which  tlie miners received ?2,295, and' the  tanners 51,82S.15.  .LA-BOKSUEKEME..*; :.','.."���  V The world's greatest benefactors lmve  been men of energy and activityt)  The greatest heroes in history's pages  have been men who toiled untiringly  until success crowned their efforts. - :  The toil is but to give vent to one's  ambitions..  - The organization of labor into trades  unions is a work requiring /ro'sistlefs  energy on the part of the leaders and  organizers.-:  Each of-us have a part to play in  keeping iu niotibn' the great wheels of  industry; and each individual part is a  factor in the results of the whole.���The  Craftsman. . .;''  Tliere is a vast difference between, a  fH)0"TliifTiCT~f6Ftei."^iwiI^milTi~lruTuir  red dinners for $100. That i.s the  difference between capital and labor aa  at present oxomplilicd. These Waldorf-  Astoria dinnersVconie high, but labor  has to pay for tlieni and does not even  have the privilege of reading the menu.  ���Torre llaulte Toiler.  CO-OPERATION  A LIVE  [Contimisd from-Pago One.]  tive society's stores, because his ��1  then becomes enhanced iu value to tho  ostein of the 2s. Ud. returned lu dividend when the profits of the society are  distributed.  2. Kiia.iur��t*eii!C'iit to thrift and saving���Many persons who have never been  nblu to save out of their very limited  incomes, when ihey (ind Unit a certain  amount of money is due to thorn from  the co-operative society as their propbr  tlon of prolit on their trading, are Imudd  aware for tho llrst time of an easy  method of saving and accumulating capital. -In a well managed society tliey  pay no more for their goods than they  would to an ordinary trader, and yet  they liud themselves at llie end of the  quarter in'possession of such a sum of  money which lias been gained for thei  by this system of co-operative trading.  Tho most thoughtful among co-operators, who for the first time find themselves in possession of this dividend, resolve at once to save, and0 accumulate  tlieir profits. 'Ihere arc many instances  of co-operators, heads of largo families,  who huvo never paid into their societies  more .than the .Is. required as an entrance fee, who havo allowed their profits to accumulate until they have now  X'JOO invested as .capital in tlieir soci-  ties.- ,,  " ;i. increase of comforts;.and' luxuries  of life���It will he noticed that- the total profits made by the co-operative societies amount to .IHOO,000,000, and  that about .CUT,000,000 remains invested ill tlie societies. This menus that  ��711,000,000 has been distributed njinong  co-operative 'members. it is impossible to;-estimate what tliis distribution  of.-. X7.'i,000,000 means in the homes of  working men���a high standard , of life,  botter houses, better furniture, more  food, better clothing, greater leisure,  and more culture.  ���1. Pure and unadulterated goods.  ���Another great advantage obtained by  the' working class -through the Instrumentality of co-operation is that of being; aide to obtain pure and unadulterated articles of food. In the days when  co-operation was" commenced, .Ihis advantage1 was even more apparent, than  now, as people had, then often to pay  very dearly for very bad and unwholesome food. At the present time, when  'the laws against adulteration arc more  strictly enforced, wo find numerous. - Iii���  stunees, cspecinliy in' poor districts, of  traders being . prosecuted and..fined : for  selling impure goods. In ,a; co-operal-ivo  society tliere is no "inducement ;to fraud  of this kind, because all the.profits go  to the members, and tliey-would not bo  so foolish as lo cliarg'e Uiomselves'doarly  for, bad; goods -siniply.-in'order.7 to inuko  n larger profit return  to  themselves. .  '"���������.'.;.STmi'.Nupij.s''TO\v.NS: ���-������.;���  In :'Nelson ,untl Kossland. much attention 'is being paid to postal matters at  'present. A movement is on foot at Kossland to have the status. * of'"* the local:  tpostollice raised 'from .that of a "coiin-  Ury oH'ico" to tliat of a government office tinder the direct control: of tlie general posto(lice department. The returns  of postal revenues for liritish Columbia  place Nelson third on the list of cities,  with $10,833 of receipts, as. agiiinsl  550,172 for Victoria/and ��57,300 for  Vancouver. Kossland follows wi llr receipts of .''.810,381.!: .���';'-  MAnCK AMOTION AT THE NEXT  MEETING OF YOUR UNION TO INSTRUCT THE SECRTARY TO COMMUNICATE THE NEWS CONCERNING YOUR CRAFT TO THE 'INDEPENDENT.'  In John Swinton's Paper, in 18811, was  published u little tong', a! portion being  herewith roproducedT'wli'eh would a)>-  pear very appropriate to the present  condition of affairs brought upon us by  the position of the coal barons;  I'm a bloater, I'm a blunter,  lty my millions nil nre ilii/.cd;  I'm n bloater, I'm a bloiilor,  On the "wnter" I hnve rslsedl  I'n; H-mimliiK, lomlly nursiliK  Woll my vrenltli In eoffOH crammed,  1'ubllc'B cursing, loudly curaing,  But the public mny be darned 1"  Among our visitors this week wero  Mr. Tully Boyce and Mr," Connoll, of  Nanaimo. Mr. lloyce is an old-time labor unionist, having been president of  the miners' union in the stirring times  in the latter part of the eighties.  IC  Work*  Importers and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  S��;K^��3;��a^.K��;K��%��%��*!^  Vis a silent salesman ft  constantly going about ft  tho city disposing of dur-'ft  Pasteurized and ^  Oanfied MHk   :4  yh  Listen  to liis   advice X  and order l'i'oni y:  9.  I Interinationa! See  K��*'i  Phone 415. Gore Avenue. $  ei  '.'Tho   ballot -Is   the' only   weapon   with  wliicli'we can light-capital., '  To uso Unit weapon intelligently , we  must know something., about the industrial evolution.  Xf:,  Head  Collectivism.    Clotli,  liaper,   '23 cents.  ;"0  cents;  3.-'iii.  im   i-Mm    ���*^/-��i'UB_a>.^iri ^j  ��������� 530 Westminster Avenue.  SNIPER'S SIS��E &I@KE  ���'': 032   GRANVIIiLE   STREET,  ''"'Carries a. full'line of     .'���;   ��  UNION LABEL SHOES.  The   Union   Label   guarantees .fair  wages and good workmanship.  No scab labor.  CORNKR HASTINGS AND' CAMBIE  "STREETS, VANCOUVER. '";,;  Xow, niodorn and strictly first-class;  good samplo rooms; ', free '��� 'bus.,; Week  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 -la.'���"in.,'-, lunch  12 m.:to 2 p:,: ni., dinner, 6 to 8|i.��i,  Sundays���Urenkfast; 7:30 -to 10:30 V a.  m.; lunch .12:30 to,2 p. in., dinner, .5:301  ���to 7:30 p. in. ;Rntes ?2 and upwards  per. day. HAYWOOD :__ l'RESCOTT,  Proprietors.'  ",:        ....-.' '.'.,;���-,������"-"'���" -:'y .  The Po  310-312 AliUOTT STREET,  VAN CO U-  '-lAyly. A'-ij ver,.b.' c: V"! :!.!. "itii'i  Restaurant: and Bar. Breakfast; 0- to  10, me'rehants' lunch711 to-.2, 25c; din-:  iicr 5 to 13,. 25c; lunches 'nut. up:' eastern -and Olympian oysters;.short ' orders a specialty at all .hours;  menl,;tickets SI; best 25c. meal,in tho  city.    *b.77BURTON, Proprietor...;  The"  319 SEYMOUR STREET,  VANCOU-  ii'iAi'Ali' A'  ;;:-VER.' '���'-'"���".V'V'V.- V:V  .'-Having'tho only' up-to-dato grill room  in ^British Columbia, which'in itself is^a  guarantee of n. first-class hotel and restaurant. Business Men's LUNCH, from  12 m. to 2:30 p. m.. only 25 conts.  NOTICE.  ^NOTICE-IS-imU-.BY^C.IVKNP.tlint-iipplie.P  tion will be mnde lo thn I'nrlinment of Cnmidii,  nt the next Billing thereof, for nu Act ineopnrn.  ting n Compnny, under the name of*thu "Vancouver and Const Kootenny Knllwiiy Coiiipany,"  to construct nnd operate a line of Hnilwav,  irom a nelnt nt or nenr tho City of Vancouver;  llienccsouth easterly to tlio Cltv of New West-  minstornnd ncross the Fraser Itiver; thence  easterly by the most feasible route, to u point  nt or near Midway, in the lloundary (.'reek  District; from a point on the main line of tho  railway south ofthe Krnser, tounoiiUntornenr  ���the mouth of the Krnser Kiver; from n point on  the mainline east of Hope, to a point at or near  Nicola take; snd from apointon tlm mainline  of thc railway nl or near the City of Vancouver,  northerly across Ilurrard Inlet, at the most  feasible point, (o North Vancouver Municipality, tliontxMvostoriy ton point at or noiir tho  mouth ol tho Cnpilnno Creek. '  WITH l'OWUIt lo construct "nnd opernto  branch linos, from any point on the mnliilliic  ol tlio proposed rnllwny or branches thereof,  not exceeding In any ono case thirty (IIO) miles  In length; and with power to construct, owu  nnd operate wharves, docks, elevators nnd  warehouses In connection therewith; mid to  constnict, own, and operate steam and other  vessels, on any navigable waters; nnd wltn  power io construct, own, maintain, and operato  a suitable ferry, from the most convenient  point on the Mainland of ilrltlsh Columbia, to the most convenient point  on Vancouvor Island, io ur to mnke eon*  nect.on with the City of Victoria, or to  connect therewith by the samel to construct,  operate and maintain telegraph and telephone  lines, along tho route of the proposed railway  or Its branches, and to transmit messages for  commercial purposes, and to collect tolls therefor, to gonernte electricity for power and  lighting purposes, and for all rights, powers  and provlloges necessary usual, or Incidental  to all or any of the aforesaid purposes. u  Dated at Vancouver, this 1st dar of October,  A.D.1902.     .���'������������  D. O. MACDONELL,  - Solicitor for Applicants.  I A FREE TRIP TO NEW YORK.  I ���  '       ' ���    ' ���   ; "'J-������-"���''���  _fc Raplh s great guessing contest  is now  on.    Tho person  who- guesses  +y tho nearest to tho number of beans in the bottle in our window, gets a    ^  & RETURN TRIP TICKET TO   NEW YORK.                                                      '':-,' <��  I ONE GUESS FOR EVERY DOLLAR Y01             |  I \                    SPEND HERE.                                |  ^p Buy your heating stovo hero and then guess away.                               ' J"  I Wm* KALPH  g ������ '������'                         SOLE AGENT      ���'.'''������                              lv  :l*>;l;*:*K*;l*>}K**|-:4}l**;-j-;*;|{*;K��H  ���tl  I  Although It's mu* business to remind you of your Clothing needs, yet wo think !  the atmosphere of last ulglu and this morning helped us out a bit in that respect-  An Overcoat is particularly appropriate just now. Ot course you know this  housesell$everything in Overcoats tiint Is worth selling. Our Overcoats are  conspicuous for tlielr newest ideas, the nobbiest styles, tho choicest materials, tho  best tailoring, nnd lhe fnircst of prices. : './.,  J��8-BN&I@N, KE88f��&J if* C��.  10* end 106 Cordova Slrcct.  Trunk Store 137 Hastings ist., Ojih-Wm- Bol|ih's.  ���11  r.!  [_C_t��C.*.  We have now in stock a-lull line of   the best Heating: Staves in the market   :  and have made a yery low   price- on them to clear them out in a hurry. -:..'V -  COAL, BASE BURNERS, COAL HOT  DRAFTS,  WOOD  HOT. DRAFTS,!   -  PLAIN AIR TIGHTS, CAST TOP AIR'TIGHTS, ETC., ETC. Vc    V     V  *9  cFecSy ;^- Co.  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street.. Vancouver. B.C.'  Phone 1063,  ���poiy.oLAS;.1 '&y��$y  i'i'ii'i '"'!  WHOLESALE GROCEllMj   VV    VV V  .ui'   ���  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Yancouyer, B^V(J;  ���"���A' -.-'..' .:'.'.-"���'��������� .-(i'..--'-*' ���','. .*'���'. ������;'.-���.'."���'' ;".  "���'���'���'.  .   -- ������-..-...���..        -.. ��� .-..-��� c-- -.'���   ...    ���������'.���  ������;.,;U^" H!eadquilrteri3VforVDomestic!and Imported Cigars and Smoking Sand lies.  ���^{���^���^���)^;K*^;*;K^^M;'*WK*^  ���|W' -! iyXAX-iiiyA Ji'i': ���AiX-lA'A fiyiiiXiXy"' '^3.^ |.  Ak'..  Bebausei7we liave ithe stock' to V2.  ^.supply you the.best.;VV'WW!'*,!''-'.'-3t"  -Because our attentiori-Avili. assure !.<.'  ���',*:''*be'st servlceV^-:.""'���:  'i-Ayy'--y.������';.��� .-.'��� Afkl  ���!::M  ���MiiiiiLiiERSj scp^iEs,: xi  Ma COiVTllACTOUSV SlIITUES/i  IvJiOflGEIlS^fPrLIES,  ^   in uti_'_R'__'_<.is-' susmiiM  ltliAOKSUUTHS' SUITLIKS,  Beciuise iwe-ca.n save:;ypu.:!tIme.V^.');  -'.- arid:money/.:V";1 ;��'*'���:���'.;���' IXiAyXi;. ymy-J.  : a :..:���'���:���,X ���' :������:���������: ��� xx..X:--::   .:��� - i-fc ill-  Because ;pne; order.-Is a-step^io-i a A.  '��������� wards a permanent customer, i: '���'-& ;-.-.  ���yx vyyvi.-'y ";yxx.yuyyzri::p.y  ��� y A AX A  ���.^yir 9>:y  ���SXX'.<y:J.  '- ; Ji,X'A  .,.     .. ...   , ...    . ......t...v ........... ...MVW|V'  ^  SAW MILX/ SUPFUKS; ETC.  339 Hastings Street.  t  The Great family Beer;  V   If ypurVdealer*liasn;t got'it,:Telephoi_eii-2-dAi  V':^-!.\^C;.;r;;Vv'^v'poz  %X      iXjXXXiyj->��eni. Pints,: ^^Od^v"';VfV:,'V;-V:"''-V!  'i'Xil  I JUST FOR A  TRIAL ORDER  ������mako up n dozen or two of  i   "FXfAT  GOODS". ua I- nllow     us  to* launder thein.  Wo will send for the:,,, nnd send  them homo  beautifully  done up.  V j       The Cost is   :    v '  '    Only 24c a rJoz/V  You must',be fair and Hflnd-uu  i fair proportion  ot  large     nnd  ������'small. pieces���towels,    pillowslips,  sheets, -^bedspreads,   dusters    and  Mich like goods���goods that, can  ho put through the mangle.  a . PIONEEIi'��  Steam Lacipdry  010-914 itlchards Street.7 Tel. 346  Branch olWio'in Arcade  -���'��� :���>"..-"  ''Tel;-U76.",7 -'.'"'.'' '"  :0J  Advertise in The Independent.  y Beginning Yoiiii^;  iWhcn   eyes   are   found     to   have  * any defect, however, nlight, there  . Is but ono thing to ..do... Provide^  ; glasses early.   Have tlieni examiued  * by our* doctor of optics, Mr.. AI-  - Ian, and get a pair   to ��� fit you i  properly. All work guaranteed.  DAVIDSON BROS.,  The Jewelers and Optician),      "4.  ...yy.':'".     146 Cordova St.   ���.",'"'���       "'i,  �����������.���<>���� .���.������.�����������"  -���/ ���* ��.-T-*i,'!.M=i Jtl* *"  >s  te jlrtatlv* U&r'jr Mw. ��1|M  p fittfl f*  v. P  THE  ROYAL BANK  OF   CANADA    *  . . SAVINGS   BANK.'.  'A GemeraJ Banking Business          Transacted.  OFSTCBS-Hastlngs   Street,   W.,  Westminster Avenu*, Vanoouver.  B. 0. FERMMEST LOAN Affl)  iflVIU'fK!   /'A  Authorized Capital - {10,000,000  Subscribed Capital -   -  l,ttX),u00  ApseisOver ���        ���  -     300,000  Head Olllce, 821 Cambie Btreet,   .  Vancouver, B, C.  VOL. 6.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 29,-1902.  NO 10.  (  m  Telephone Workers  Are Out on Strike  V    - ���.  The Signing of a New Schedule and Adjustment of Grievances Demanded���Information Received That the  Company Were Seeking Operators in the  East���The Strikers' Side.  I 8' P  i  i Iti.  IV  fti-  h  On Wednesday last at 5 pl m-.tho lo-  -teal operators and electrical workers n:  th�� employ of tlio Bumc-d I*nlot '''elo-  jiiiono company ceased woik and will  jiot return thoreto until a host of grievances and a new schedulo of [prices are  Adjusted And signed.  'For'muny years the employees of this  ���company have been subject to tho arrogant will be of one uuiu, but they  lmvo seou the light und foimed ,a strong  substantial union with the ucsult that  hereafter the company will io compelled  to deal with their.employes as a body.  At thc beginning of tho strike it was  assorted that the union had peremptorily demanded that their schedule bo im-  l " "mediately signed, giving ouljr voiy short  notice.  The locnl would hnvo boon extremely  foolish Iind tliey dono othorwise in, the  laco of tho evidence thoy have in their  liossession. On tho presentation of the  schedule 'ncpiinos vcio immediately sent  to -Seattle by the muiiugemont for linemen who could not bo supplied. '  Tho local Electrical Workers' union also received  word from Toi onto that tho  union thoio had become aw.iro   of the fact  that ton opcratois weie wanted m Vnn-  couwir.     This   wns  sufficient   to   demonstrate that the compuny did .not intend  *o remedy :the grievances.  Wow dealing with the telephone opera*  ��� tors . and   their*"demuiids   lot  tlie   public  f distinctly understand   that'tliey  did not  Go  out simply  In  sympathy    with   the  jnen,  but to jointly    present imd insist  on a better condition than has hitherto  prevailed. I _  Thoy ask for an inciense in the monthly    pay   of the different class ol operators.-   This can be seen in dotail by con-  j suiting tho annexed schedule.  Another cheap John custom ' of this  * company has been to keep six young  -women working two hours a day for  . nothing. This means at least 12 hours  n. day the company gets ficc. As arf  instanco in point ono young lady workct*.  lor nine months in this manner and  then was dismissed. To obwntc this it  Is nskod tlmt 12J cents an hour be al-  Jowed.  They want ovory sixth Saturday afternoon off in considei atlon of Sunday  ���work  which  each  girl has to  do.  As these girls aio lured by the month  they object to being deducted w hen they  are a fow hours absent on sick lea\e  As soon as the local union was  formed nn obsolete and 1 idiiuloiis law  wns brought into 'forco to tho effect that  sisters would not bo employed. Acting  under this law one young ludy was dismissed, notwithstanding tho' fnctHhat in  .other cases this rule did not apply.  Tho statement 'that the girls weie  dragged, into ��� this affair is simply untrue. In fact, had tho men so) dcsiied  it, tho girls would havo quit work in  sympathy, during the previous strike. .  They  further complain   that  their   1111-  ' mediate superv lsion-hus-bccn- carned-on  in a innnner which causes irritation aiid  is  most competent man and performed  work of 'a .technical nature. Some tunc  sinco ho was ordered away from tho  city���w hich( was'toutamount to a reduc.  .tion in his position���and when he refused to go ho was dismissed. Thero wns  a number of young men in the service  who sliould hh,vo went. The fundamental principle of trades unionism being that tlio injury ot ono was the concern of all, tho matter was taken up  and had no other matters intorvoncd  the men, even then, would have struck  to  protect Ji.s rights.        ' '  Under tho picvious arrangement with  tlm board of ducctois it was thoroughly understood thnt tlio Electrical  Workers' union was to bo organized but  this was honored more in the bleach  than Uio .observance.  The company aro peculiarly woll situated to pay thc udvanccs asked. The  rates charged nie as high and in most  instances higher than other cities similarly situated. Other telephono companies aro compelled to pay a tax on  every pole, which custom does not pio-  vall here.  The instruments    in uso    arc  i.  antiquated,  compared  with  other cities,  so much so that when electrical workers  visit here they indulge In much fun at  thc expense of tho local men.  So with theso advantages, and many  more that might be enumerated, the  company has a snap and can well afford to pay the * advances asked.  The manager has addressed , tho following communication to the operators:  Dear Miss,���I hereby appeal to you, in  fairness to yourself, tho public and thc  telephone company/ to return'to your  duties by nine o'clock tomorrow morning, otherwise I shall bo unwillingly  compelled to resort to other',means to  promoto   the   convenience   of   tho   public  and , tho > intei ests     of      the    company.  '    " -ri��       i * ' *' ���  Trusting you'will, givo my request your  serious   consideration,   yours   truly,  H.  W.   KENT,  General Supt  The following is schedule presented.  MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT.  I  (;  ) f.  V\  entirely unnecessary in the every day  work life of this noivc struinlng occupation.  At- tho t'lmo of writing only three  operators aro working, theso being Miss  llluin, business agent, Miss Murray,  chief opeiator, and Miss McRao, night  operator. As thero nie about 1,700  phones of all kinds in the city It will ho  f (seen how poorly tho business community  will bo served mit-! thu management of  that institution becomes amenable to  reason.  Tho men ln tho other branches' havo  asked for an ndyanco In tlielr scale of  wages, believing'that thoy" should share  *n 'tl.o general , advanco in this lino  granted in all othor cities In the" western  atatos. Tho advances*In overy instance  still loavo them a lowor rate than Is  paid 3.n Seattle, Tacoma,, Portland, San  -Francisco and other western towns. Tho  11. C. District Messenger Service have:  hired two men and aro paying tho rafe  .asked. " < '  Another cause of friction was tho dismissal sf Mr. Dlllaboughi - which the  men beliovo was a direct blow at tha  ���rgunizatloc:.     This  gontlemoa  was     a  Made this   day of  , 1002, between the New Westminster and Burrard  Inlet' Telephone Company, hereinafter  called the party of the first part, and the  Intei national Brotherhood of Electrical  Workers, Number 213, hereinafter called  the party of the seoond part. -���  Whereas, the party of the first part is  an incoiporated Company doing business  in the City of Vancouver;  ,And whereas tho party of the second  part is a Trades and Labor Union, organised In tfie City of Vancouver, and  consisting of threo classes of electrical  workers, viz., - repairers, operators and  linemen:  .And whereas the party of the first part  employs electrical workers;       '   , <  And whereas difficulty as to payment,  duties to bo performed, hours of labor,  etc., have heretofore arisen;?  And whereas: it ls desirable that such  difficulties should bo lessened, or altogether prevented ln the future;   -       0  Now, therefore, this agreement wltness-  eth that Jn considei atlon of tho premises  and ln consideration of the increased  ���wages hereinafter mentioned to be paid  by the party of the first part to tho  party-of-tho-seeond-part���and-thu-bet-  ter and more harmonious working of^the  party of the second part for tho party  of the first part, tho parties hereto do  covenant, promise and agree with each  other as follows:  1. That all employees of the party of  the first part (except Chief Inspector)  shall be members in good standing of tho  Local 213, of the International Hiothcrhood of Electrical Workers.  2. That any employee who mny bo appointed on any Committee to intei view  tho officers or who Interviews the officers of tho party of tho first part, shall  not be discriminated against by the pnr-  ty ot tho first part ln any way whatever.  3. Thnt members of the party of the  Bccond part, being Local 213, of tho International Brotherhood of Eloctrlcnl Workers, Bhnll not be discriminated ngulnst In  tho matter of employment b.v tho party  ot tho first part, should tho party of the  first part wish (competency being equal)  to glvo. preference to tho members of  tho party of tho second part seeking employment.   *  4. Thnt nny case of troublo between  tho party of the first part and thc party  of tho second part, or in caso any of  the members of tho party of the second  part should leave or bo discharged by  thc party of tho first part, tho party of  the first part hereby agrees, that it will  not ln any way, shape or form interfere  with tho members of tho party of the  second part getting employment with any  other person, company or firm.  6. The following hereafter net-out sections, numbered 5 (a) to 6 (I), inclusive,  shall bo specially applicable to and refer  to that claqs 'of electrical workers heretofore referred,to ns repairers:  S (a). There shall be two grades of re  pairers, namely, first-class and second-  class. **  S (b). Tliat tho rate of wages paid by  tho party of tho first part to tho party  of tho second part shall be: For first-  class men. $3.20 per day of eight hours;  for second-class men, J2.W) per dny of  eight hours; and lt Is hereby agreed that  a day shall be reckoned from 8 o'clock  a.m. till 5-p.m., with one hour at noon  for luncheon.  5 (c). And lt Is further agreed that the  party of tho first part will pay to the  party of tho second part a timo and a  half for all ovcrtimo up to 10 o'clock p.m.,  and doublo timo for overtime after 10  o'clock p.m., as well as doublo time for  all legal holdldays and Sundays.  5 (d). That the time of tho members of  tho party of tho second part- shall be  counted from the time they report nt the  storeroom of the party of the first part  when going to work until tho members of  the party of the second pnrt report at the  stoierooms ot the party of the first part  on quitting.  5 (o). And It ls hereby agreed that Assistant Inspectors shall he paid at the  rate of $3.73 per day of eight hours.  5 (f). Should tho paity of the first  part wish at any time to lesson their  staff of-employees, the same shall bo  dischaiged In the Inverse order in which  they wero employed, namely, tho last  men 'to be employed shall be thelfirst to  be discharged or whose services are to  be dispensed with, etc  5 (g). Apprentices. It is hereby mutually agreed that tho number of apprentices employed by the party of the  first part shall be limited to one 'apprentice for every, throe repairers.  5 (h). That no apprentice shall lnstal  telephones or do-wiring of any description unless accompanied by a Journeyman.  o (I). Working by tho month. Should  tho party of the first part at any time  prefer to have their employees work by  the month, lhe party of tho second part  agrees to raise no objection, provided'tho  party of thb first part agrees to the following clausos:  5 (j). The members of tho party of the  second part shall be paid by the party,of  the first part an increase ln salary to all  employees In the Inspector's Department  as follows:  5 (k). Where the salary formerly was  from tOO to'570 per month, Jt shall be Increased ?5 per month, and salaries from  $30 to ?30 per month to bo increased J10  per month.  S'(l). All extra work, other than ordinary case of trouble, to be paid for at  tho oidinaiy ovcrtimo rates.  0. The following sections, hereafter set  out and numbered 6 (a) to 6 (e), inclusive,  shall bo specially applicable to and refer  to that class of electrical workers hero-  inbeforo referred to as operators:  6 (a). It is hereby agreed and understood that the party ,of tho first part  shall pay to that class of the party of  tho second part, employed _as telephone  operators, tho following rate of wages:���  An operator shall be paid ?25 a month for  tho first six months of employment, and  ?27.50 a month for the period of employment extending over six months and less  than one year; and for tho period of employment extending ovor ono year of service, thc rate of $35 per month shall be  paid. Tho assistant chiefs and long-distance operators shall bo paid $33 per  month. '. Night operators shall be paid  $33 per month. Spare operators, relieving at lunch hour, shall, bo paid at the  rate of 12V_ cents per hour.  0 (b). Operators working between tho  hours of 0 and 11 o'clock p.m. shall havo  the privilege of changing hours of duty  o\ery alternate week.  6 (c). Operators being off duty on sick  leave not moio than three days In one  month shall havo no deductions made In  their salary.  0 (d). Operators shall have every fifth  Saturday half-holiday.  6 (o). It is hereby agreed that every  switch-board with over SO subscribe! s  shall have an operator in chargo and who  shall not attend to any portion of adjoining boards between the hours of S> a.m.  and G p m.  7. The following seotlons, hereinafter  set out and numbered 7 . (a) to  7 (1), Inclusive,'shall bo specially applicable and refer to that class of clectilcal  workeis heretofore referred to as linemen:  7 (a). It Is hereby agreed and understood that all employees except ground-  men and foremen shall be members in  good standing of the Local 213 of the International Brotherhood of Electrical  Workers.  7 (b). There shall be ono grade of linemen only, namely, first-class.  7, (c). The rate of wages to linemen  shall be $3 20 per day.  7 (d). Tho Assistant Foreman sliall receive $3.75 per day.  7 (e). That eight hours shall constitute a day's work, being from 8 a.m. to  5 p.m., one hour being given at noon for  luncheon.  7 (f). Time to be counted from the time  tho .employees report at the stoicroom  of the Company until tho employees report at-tho-!>toreroom-of"tho~Cmpaiiy~on  quitting..-       (  7 (g). Work performed overtime shall  bo paid nt tho rate ot time and a half  from 5-p.rrf. to 10 p.m., and work performed after 10 p.m. shall be paid at doublo time; also work performed, on Sun-  du>�� or legal houdays shall bo reckoned  and paid as doublo,timo.  T (li). No groundmen shall be allowed  to climb a telephone polo without the  permission of tho party of tho second  part.  7 (I). Should tho party of the first pnrt  wish at any time to lesson their stuff of  employees, tho same shnll bo dlsch.iigcd  In tho Inverse order In which they wero  cmplojcd. namely, tho last man to be  employed shall bo tho first to bo discharged, or whoso services aro to bo dispensed with, etc,  S. And it Is. further agreed and understood that this agreement shall be binding upon the party of tho first part nud  tho party of tho second pnrt and Bhnll  not bo sot aside or In nny way departed  from by either parly, without first giving  the other party one month's notico In  writing, which notico shall contain the  rensons of such party for wishing to annul this agreement.  9. This agreement shall go Into effect  and be bidding upon both parties hcieto  on lhe . day of , 1902.  Signed, sealed nnd delivered at Vancouver, this day of .  MORTIMER REPLIES TO  FOLEY.  To the Editor of TllK Imiki'KNDim:  Sir,���In your lust issue Mr. Chris Foley lontluu.ng a discussion which oi-  Iginated in nu address he dcllveied befoie  tlio Vancouver Local of the B. C. So-  c.nlist paity, spicads hunscli ovcr two  columns of newspaper type In an attempt to ihunoiisliutc the coucctness ol  a proposition, whn.li, stiipped of its  piofusu verbiage, is us follows: "That  'under tlio piesent industrial system the  ^upituliut and the laborer have a great-  'ci community thun u. conflict of interests, anil that this community of Inteiests is the pilmary go\cnung pnnciple  [iu thou* relations " Incidentally, also,  die seeks to administer a lebuke to the  [Socialists for taking in this lcgaid a  position, which, ho says', is luiuiodeiatc  and uutcnublo and pauses thu4bo-cullcd  piogicssivc party foi its endeavor to  unite the capitalist uud laboier foi some  - Legislative I'urposo  not -very clearly dcliucd -Mr. Foley ad-  nuts a certu'n conflict of inteiest which  seems to mo at the outset to negative  his piopostt.on and refcis to our nidus-  tiiul system as "civilized anaicliy." But  In spite iof that and alter much lncoin-  piehensiblo mental juggling ho ic-as-  seits in his conclusion: "That capital  and labor ha\e a gi eater community  thun contla-t of interests." Now, in addition to bc*ng rather sclf-contiiwlictory,  Mi. Foley makes in this last phrase a  misuse ol terms, which I havo quoted,  and w*hich is unpardonable in a mau so  ciudite us ho is, "Ho uses the woids  "capital" nnd "capitalist," "laboi"  and "laborei" in a synonymous sense.  Before wc can piocccd to a discussion  w*ith any dcgice of satisfaction, we  must in this case delme our terms*  As I undeistand it, "capital" is nn ng*  giegatfOu of instalments of wealth pioduction. The "capitalist" is the ownei  of these. "Labor is the poiformantc of  an act essential to wealth production;  tho laborer tho pci former of that act.  So it will be seen that where Mr. Foley uscs,,tho..tciitis capital^and labor it  should���to at oid an absuid conclusion���  read "capitalist" and "laborer.". Now,  sir, the weakness of Mr. Foley's position shows itself in a comparison of  what his conclusion clcaily implies and  a pioMous statement of his. Thus, if  thero is a greater common ty  than' a  i Conllict of Inteiests *  i  it follows that a system wluclP produces  this dcsiiublc stato ofi things is woithy  of being sustained, and Unit his pic\-  ious reference to it as ' ci\ li/ed an-  ���aichy" was wrong. Both ceitainly cannot  be  light.     Again,   if lus  conclusion  is  a conect ono,  wo might sue iu    our  *.  industrial phenomena some suppoit    for  lus contention. But do wc' Look  around the world und s'eo( the blessed  evidence of this gieat community ' oi  inteiests The c\cnts oi tho last few*  mouths in Pennsylvania alloids an excellent example. The capitalists aie piling up wealth by the million. Tho laborer is down to a miserable subs.st-  eucc wage, lli^ht heie is a lefutation of  Foley's contention that an incieasc in  prico means a demand for labor and an  increase in wages. Again, the cotton  mills of tl.o south with the natuial  bread-winner idle on tho street and the  child���miserable, stunted, physically and  mentally���slating in tho tactoiyl ' To  come'-nenrer���home' Noto tho-cf ow's  Nest Tass railroad construction, with  the beautiful community of Inleicsls  w.hicli- apciated between tlio abused,  otetwoikcd, undeipuid luhoicrs, nnd the  luxurious gentlemen the capitalists, wlm  employed them. Obsei\o again tbe luii-  inony that wns disclosed by tho Imestl-  gation into the conditions under which  thc contract clothing for tho militia  and postal employees was miiuufncluieil!'  There :s no need lo multiply Instances.  "Mr Foley's lllusiinllon of Mr. Dunsmulr  and the coal mini'i, und Mr. Kogets  and his laboier does not proto that they  luitu any gioul community of Inli'iests,  ��� but only soices to |'io\o thu socialists'  contention thut through the  Tile ate Ownership  Any Interest wh.'ch the laborer may  have in common with his employer depends upon tho continuance of the'piesent system und is siibsci vlent to his  (tho laborer.'s) interest In getting rid of  by legal and constitutional pi messes of  the unnecessary capitalist. Fui ther, Mr.  Foley's argument as to what is the  dominating principle -m the lelations of  tho capitalist uud laboier would moie  thum equally apply to the amd.tion of  (battel slntciy which obtained! not Biany  yeais ago -n the southern \states ol  Amenta, und moio than cquully condemn tho abolitionists of that penod  In n,contra3t of the condition of the  chattel slntc and the wnge-sln\e, in the  sense of  *   Cioaluro C'oinfoits  and continuity of employment  the black  slme   had   a    "greater   community      of  inteiest" with his master than lus white  brother  of  tho  present    day    has    with  lus employer.  Evidence on this point is  plentiful.     When the     black slave    was  sick  his master had to nuise him back  lo  health  and pay his  doctor bills.  He-  had   to   feed   him     enough   to   ma.ntaiu  him   in   the  best   physical   condition   or  suffer pecuniary loss. The slave wns always certain  of employment.    The capitalist  of to-day is under none of these  obligations.     When his laborer falls sick  he strikes hun off thc pay roll and puts  on  another.   (There  arc  usunlly  enough  for th'at )   He pnys no medicine or doctor    bills      In    some  cases,   as  In    the  Crow's Njst Pass,   thc laboier pays lor  them and does not got them, lie caies not  whether his laboier gets enough-to"'eat.  He  likes  it better when tho labor maiket is glutted     Now'; then, when this is  the  case,   'w*cio    Wendell    Phillips    nnd  Win.  Llovd   Oariison  wiong in   demanding no tiukciiiigSind reforming of 1 chattel  slavciy, bait its cntuo alyil.Uon-' Mr   t'ol-  ey, if ho is consistent, would suv no,  as he  says to tho socialists of todny. Hut the  socialist snys yes.  Abolish  chattel  slat-  ei y and    further    abolish    wagc-sul\eiy,  which  is  more  deadly    and      moro    de-  ginding  in   its  lesults  thnn  the  found-  Again, Mr.'iFoley says-    "That all must  agree  tlint  coal 'and railioad  monopoly  promotes the inteiests of the fow at the  expense  ol   tho    many,"    and    suggests  that this should cease Waiving the   question as to whether the coal and  Railroad Magnates  would accept this v.'ew of Mr. Foley's���  they might argue community of interest  ���this question suggests itself II capitalistic or pm-ato owncisli(ip~of coal njd  ituliouds should ccusc, why should private (or cuiutallstie "owueiship of unv  other i necessary of Iuo continue'' To  suy that tho people ure not lcudy oi edit  mted for this change does not touch the  socialist position, but rathei hits tho  tinkering and patching* piolgicssives I"oi,  if tho people aie in this condition of if-  norancc, it is thc duty of ull who sec  tho economic situation clcaily to duect  then elicits to the woik oi eduenfon  and oignnization insteud oi' seeking to  distinct thoir attention Horn the real  issue bcfoio them by a bogus philosophy of community of inteiests ,Whcn  the worker appreciates tho jact*' that  railioad and coal monopoly should  cORf-o he will not be far from putt.ng  the Iln slung touches to the rest of the  lotion stiuctuio of capitalistic monopoly  Again, Mr. Toley speaks ot the disastrous ending of "refoim parties " I am  happy in being able to coiigiatultitc  .Mi. Foley on lutMiiuf made ��* di-,u*.\ery  which -Uigurs well for lus iiuthei en  lighteunieut,   nnd   I  would   suggest  thut  tho laborer lis to where his reiil interest lies. The worker is beginning to seo  tho trend of economic development, und Is fast realizing that  organizations such ns tho / progressives uio attempts once more to  use him to light the battles of his mas-  teis. Fortunately, such nu attempt will-  be us ftitilo us ,its predcccssois. When  the socialist aim is consuniiuuted when  the menus of production and dlsttibutlon  are owned In common, then, and not till  then, will class exploitation cease. Thca  and not till then will a real "community of mteicst'* oc Inaugurated.    *  JOlIli T. MORTIMER,  Vancouver,   Nov,   '23,   100'2.  In Friday morning's Advertiser Mr,  Kent emleavois to enlist the sympathy  of the pqblic by claiming that none of  tho boaid ol dircctois uie in the clly  and he can do nothing. Theie was ap-  paiently no intention to giv"e serious  considei at ion to their cmployces's demands, else why were charts 'nude to  pmcuie people  in Seattle and  the east.  lt is high time that the city council  should take into ,consideiution the cs-  tabl.slimcnt of a municipal telephone.  Tho piesent compuny aie not picpaied  to  consult  the people's  uuixciuonco.  A mightier power thun President  UoosevVlt (who ictoglii/es laboi un-  .oiis) is Mimuger Kent oi the Vancouver Telephone Company who ictuses to  lecog'iizu a union  s  Tho    citizens  should   bestir   themselves  to tho necessity of running its own telephone  sei vice      The  Stave  L*nke   -  people might bo appioui*"'   '"  lei.     _ "'  Does it not appc  tho  locnl  telephone  co*  engaged  m  a  moio pioi.  ing than fighting a do/en i .  HOTEL SI KIKE SET TLEO.  If tho Board of Directors of tho Telcphono company are wlsa they will r��-  . place Mr. Kent by somo mora diplomatic man. Ba scorns to havo an antipathy  to trades unlono and that is not vory  profitable theso days.  ho tuin in and help to buiy tins the latest  of tho refoim parties,* namely, tho piovincial piogresslvo party, of-which he  is tho heud. 'Tis truo. lefoi^ui parties  have died because, like tlie ptogrestrives,  Ihey  have  Attempted the Tinpos-lble���  the organization of naturally coullicting  inteiests 'lhe pultuns of Canada und  the populists of the United States,  wheie they did not merge their intei tests  dliectly with lhe cupllnlists, died und  deseived to de Hut the snclulist putty  Is not a reform putty, and it lives and  is growing strnngei eveiy d.iy. 'lhe u>-  ccnt returns fiom ^thi> United Stales  cloi'tlons furnish ample pi oof of Us vitality. In conclusion. 1 would suggest  lhat Mr. Foley tako a little tit his own  The sti.kc which occuned on the Hotel Vimcoiivei on Nov. 3id whjn all union men withdiew, wns ini'illy settled  on Monday, Nov, 21th. Negotiations  weie leopcneil on Sntiudui, the H.'.id  inst., when a delegation iroi.i the llu.id-  mg Tiades Council met. the Imn of  Hoboilson i lluckctt and talked ovcr  tho situutiou Both [larlie.i tolik tc .sensible view of the situation and cume to-  gcthei in thc iriendliest m ctu.ci po-si-  ble, some m,i,or points being c* in del  by both sides both sides lecogiunng  that tlieir mleiests ,vc-e pi acta ally  ldenticnl  The stnko wus icnliy'i.sf *i*<i me nonunion men oil the iob who pte'i,iit.*uect  the trouble by oigunviug nn i'PI osmoii  ' nnn-uniou union," us tlu\\ -t>u* themselves, 'lhe cunti.ictoi*-, leiomii/iug  ll at tlu"*e mei* hud ca'l-'d die roilio,  ugieed  (o do*.penso with then   ^.*r.i es at  _j__p_clock _iin_Moniliiy_Jnst._.iii_d _t,��_ biro   only     lecogr.ized \  union    men   ni   their  placet..  So at '3 o'clock,on Monday the union  men hud the sutisiuctlon oi -eemg theso  men leave the job undei ton.pulsion  wheieus they themselves had quit vol-  iwtui lly.  In connection with this the International Hiolheihood of l'.lectncul Workeis met Mr lluiliei* of tho A. T Hurbcr  Co., wbo**e shop hud been plated on tl.o  uuTun list nnd onteied. Into an agiee-  u i nl vwlh linn teiustutiiig ull men that  htiil,liieu ou sIiim'. A. 1'. Hut bet Co. is  now   hut.  advicc-  lueilicino  he   is  fond of pre-  cilT  his bewildering rhetntii' which seems  only to confuse his lensonlng powers,  anil got down   to  the consideration     of  of tho  means of pioduction  the'luborer  has to be dependent on tho* capitalist | scribing for the socialists���und leave  for an opportunity to live. To say that  the laboier must work for the capitalist  or starve is one thing. To, say thut he  has a direct and over-shadowing identity  of interests because of that- Juct is un-  I othor. Whon the grain' of wheat la  sifted from Mr. Foley's buBhel of chaff  it will be seen that all it proves is that  capital (not the caplUlitt. | and the laborer iaro     necessary    to     each    other.  "OLD SPOUT" AMI "IJ. C."  Tw. of the finest blue label cigars  lnunufiictutod���Old Spoil anil 11. C.���  are handled by ull lhe leading tobuc-  c'otiists and burs in the piovlnce. Everybody knows ('apt. Wilbur to bo tho  right soit and whut he does not know  about     lust-rate     "smokes,"     well   it's  sober -fact.    Mvery .civilized countiy lias   huully worth the knowing. His placc> ot  its socialist movements.    Is-that move-   nmnufucturo is tho 11.  C. Cigar Factory,*  ment advancing or decaying? Tho  facts   New  Westminster..  show that no movement of modem "timc.i  :  is making the progress that socialism lis      Telephone 1���2���5  (or a fine  lively  maklnjf nnd that in spite of the clouds  tUrn-ont.'   J. J   Sorrow, Palace  livery*  ���f dust raised-to  obscure, the-vision  of  Btot,,Ie8,  .      .    ' , '    " ' I  >Ai  i * J  i i  1  ���h  ��  <��� HELLO, CEN1RAL!  There arc few moio harassing occupa-  tiona than that of a telephone opeia,-  toi, Each one 1ms to look after a bundled numlicis. Theio is always a few  cinnks who are prepaied to be impudent with "cential" if the numboi. tuey  .ask for is cngagod. Now, if it was a  mun who was operating lie would probably tell Mr. oi Mis. Subscriber to go  to ' the hot place. But not so vv:th  gentle-voiced "Centinl " She always es-'  vi uses tho patience oi hei   sex  1*1  \ 'I  M  li  !  if  4"t\  i'i  in  V'-i  i si  I  Ml  ft  '1  1 p-&M a <&£!>
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♦ O0C-*~*S>0O0<>O'J*&O*O»O*O»>O$0*
REDEEMING
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♦ ♦
o liy VENA KENNEDY   WILSON o
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* 11 in / jm. im. bu r A ii ■ u ii ♦
♦0«-0<>0$0<>0*t.COv*0<.0<>0*0$0<$'0**
"Arc .vou suro, iiinilniii, you bought
nothing I;i lhe upholstery department
on TI|iirsi!.*iyV" '
"Yes. I am sine '
"Tln.'si tills receipt I'm* If.'!.'.-1,! wan gh
en .vou for ii Iho dollar deposit "
"Yes; It niiiiit have been. I vvnu liete
'I Iiut ill. nil pile ">"i on a t n^ .mil
when I gut hi'ino I I'ountl llie receipt
was l111 n I 2'i"
"Well, j-.ist lake a ehalr, nml I will
look It up
The lieail of llie ilepiirlincnt 'went
iliiou-.li t pile of |n pi is lit I oie hlni
A I tu th .initisul lunli iii|imm,s finite
ln lus i\c l iM l'ie in tin cl il, tli it lie
had lu uiiltd lid stoiv     inollui lie'
In n few minimis he turned to lur
mil sml iouiuotish   hut mli'h
'sti iiuc um slip sivs $i Vow 1
will e-IU Mill i ih pile iu iciilpt I
will Unp iIil mnn jou „ivo uie lot
tin s'ji H i-, t i nu v ilue to jou'
looking lier In the i u
"N'o; oh, no! Of cmu'si' not. Thank
you!   I—I—knew 1 Iiaii paid the n*>
Aftor she luul left lie ton!: his \va\
'with a .smile to. llie upholstering lie
piti'tnieiii. Wlien lie returned, the
Binile v is ilniust t suit r
"Well'/" said the uiidorclerk. with a
laugh
".sune old thing"  lie '.ilil  wouilv
"The   receipt   was''given   for   goods
boiulit<li\ Iiim  IIiiimIiv     Slio li is losi
or mislaid lief receipt for the Su and
judgiu,: us bj   hits H   was   ill.ml we
would dun lecihnu' it so liitclud up
that lie.   Uy heavens, 1 lielleve a worn
an would lie liet soul ,iw ij  to sne a
doll.-n'
The.other man eliucklLd
"You   think   it   is   funny.     Well.   I
don t'
An hour later lie turned to bis clerk
agun
"Five more women: five more lies; i
good record for an Iiom '
A womnn stood beside him. audits
hib ( us sc imn cl hei epiliklj he smiled
mvolunl nil}
bho wis not sh ibbilj genu 11 Iml
Bliiblnh „iolisiiih_ llie sktmpv i pe
the tlireadbarewaist, the bollowcroil
bonnet and ill hanging skirt were of all
colors and materials. They'wore alike
only in cleanliness
She i used hei sh u p bi ok ii e\ es
Insitited ind smiled a liulo liomu
loiMv showing n'ums entiielj devoid
ol ULl'i llien sti lightening herself
up slio.suid slowl)
"I've como to see If you'd take a rue
bni',
"What is tlie matter with the rug''
"Nothin', only I don't want It"
■•■ 'ong have you bad itV A couple
PPOSC "  IMllllllllV
id   it, putt)   near  two
.ve not used it, of course'
been on -the floor till tlio
i only set theie when I have
in"   an   1  Uou t  have  loininn)
i otti i,'  this i little .ipbUvetit ill) •
"It's a purty rug an'  I  liUo it. butM
- want to send-it bail., "
"Why did you buy it, if you ilkln't
want it?" be asUed bltinth
1 do want it but—but I've gol to
have sonic money an' I can't get it un
less. I can send the rug back"
"Iiow much wns it  '
' 'I oven doll ns in foity unts" fcbe
answered dejectedh
"Ate jou st u tlieie Is nothin.; wio lg
-with the rug-:-" be.ashed in an insinuut
in,' vom ll It is uuol.ed oi oil coloi
oi not is H'lii'b Mid 1 in I*. In abli
to do sin ct'i'  „ toi   vou
"No" enipb iti< ilh but sot tow full)
"there ain't notliin' wrong wilh Iln
n\; Us puiiv in ill ti^lit but it
nln't hurt any, an- I must bave tin
.money,'an'—mi" 1 thought yon ini};lit
l.ii.i it bu\'
I'no ni* \on u tine and .tilings
lm said,, "and I will fall-tomorrow and
tool; nt it. 1 will it'll you then what I
i in do ' Hi-, in is In id i Mii'k thai
was not nimiseiiietil or contempt, but a
(.•o'.nbination of Incredulity ' untl joj
that made tbe underelerk wondci
Tlie next aflcrnoou he cl'nilied live
flights of si ms and w ts us mil in o
_tbe"iooin-wiui die ruB —-f—
Its I!iu minioliis the gi mug < In o
mos. lhe' lable witb the installmoiii
pi in nit) t in the liw woo'in i h ma
and the old cane rockei-. oven I lie oat
tilth sen hi „e i ilium win uo i d In
a single glance. Hut lie'looked nt tin
old woman's face long and steadily. It
wissin'i i b iltind old f.ne is though
time -0I1OV, and pn\ illon bid fotig'il
oui llieir desperate baltic tliere and
loft each time iraces to loll the tale
"Itb a pint) it.g. w.i- vlni sin
said
"You don't want lo give up the rug
Why do yon do so '
Sbe cluielil'd uoi'voiisl.v at In-r iipron
and slu-anl; within herself before lb
man who sociurd In Iill lhe mum with
his doui'n nil 'oi i fui pi i niilltv lie
was so s long mm, will Moulin I
that shl' fell .suddenly old. weal: anil
helpless before hlni
•l.xcitse nie." be said kindly. "I had
no thoughts of prying into your business. 1 only want lo belli ynu.oiil of
this If I can."
"I know. 1 know-." she snid iiuickl.v
"un' )o io good—good "toi'll lli'nl.
me a sill, old woman, but I em't bin.
to dlsippoint Inn Nigh Hi m joint,'
It's it long time, an' We've both got
-old nn' ugly, but our.hearts Is just tin-
same If be hidnt said it almost (lit
I'tst thing, I wouldnt Lite so nitiili
but. 'Molly.' said he, 'be careful of
youi teeth \ouve smh a puijy
mouth An'—nn'—now 1 .'itiio Ki'ili,
at all. uu' hiin a-comln' after all these
years! It's a long time to be In prison
an' that's Why 1 want ihe rng. 'I'.-iu-e
it s so bi .1 t in i In i'ili 1 in I e b n.i I
seen notliin' very' cheerful all tlu-e
years, but—but 1 must have the teeth
I bad lhe money for thein. loo. tin!
they'll only send him lo I'iniuinuti
where he went up from, so I'll have
to send the money for the rest of the
way. I inusl have the teeth." wimg
i i_* bet hinds uiuuisi oitslv w b le tin
sunken lips ipiivered and the ictus
UliMed down tin viIUm iln.s I
inns', have the teeth—an'-an' I dou t
know what In do
"'I'liey'went liini up for 111!y yeais
It's a long lime fur killin' a man lint
egged hlui ou to doln'.It. nn' be wis
young an' hoi headed then. Wed
only been iiVarried four year, an' we
was Jus' get tin' a nice little start, In I
with a dry sob. "1 know- it sccius silh
lo .vou fer an old woman lo care ho v
she 1 inks Iiut ll s lot him ll s to pic iso
blm '
The man walked i|ilickly to the win
dnw
\. wonuii tiuc foi timtv ve us1 \
womnn who would not He! A woman
w hose low bid , loivu w" » sti'lclng'
A woman witb clear brown eyes li'.i —
He bowed his bead in Ills band a mo
incut, am! When he raised It llie light
of Joy Uiat shone Ihrougli llie niisi was
like the sun behind an April cloud
\\ i i in l take b ti k tin tig' lie s lid
"but here." quickly writing on his caul
"Is the address of my dentist, llo to
him. He will make your teeth, and 1
will stand good for tliem. Now prom
ise uie tliat you will go todav "
"No. no," site said, breaking Into
tears. "1 ain't notliin' to you an' I
tint let jou do tli it God bless von'
I ain't never taken notliin' yet but
what I earned. 1 wouldn't feel honest
in doln' this, for I wuzn't tryin' to get
help, only lo have llie rug taken back '
"You must." lie said lirmly. "You
nn pa) me buk )ou i in pi) it a lit
tie at a time. Will you be generous
and do tills to please me-'" And he
looked into her face with a winning
smile
"God is good," sbe answered broken
ly, llie weary old face lighting witb i
great joy.-1 "I know you mean what
you say, an' I'll pay you every cent
Jus' as soon as I can. You don't know
what this means to me," breaking into
helpless sobs, "for—for I want to look
as good as I i in loi  lolin "
That evening a girl witb clear brown
eyes-sat with linnds folded listlessly in
bet lip lul lips iu wisllul till\e Sun
denly she started, a Hush came to hoi
ibiiks i v\ it m light to hoi C)cs \\ ith
a ii) of jo\ she sp'iang to hei tut and
b-.'ld out ber hands to 'him. With uo
words he caught hot- to hlui and kissed
lier with a passion of love; then, put
ting his hand under her chin, lie held
ber face so lie could look into her eyes
aud said slowl)
'If I w is sent to piison foi thiit)
years, would you love me. be true, to
nie and kiss ine after those tbirt)
years with the same gladness you do
uow '"
"1 don't know," she answered besl
tatlngl)
"You don't Know •" °
"No. How conld I? I love you so
much. I think 1 could love you always
llut how i iu I Ull' Oh" bet 1 ue
lli'shing si ti It t wlnt am I suing''
1 am telling you I love you. and—you
hivonovu )it snd wu lo\id me \nd
you cannot or you wouldn't have left
ine for a month with iio word, even to
tell tne wh)
"iou know I love vou, though' lie
snd—"love vou so in tub I w ts ill ud
of It. And I am .nippier to hem- you
say tliat you can't tell whether you
would be truo .to me or not than for an
assurance to come tripping oil youi
tongue It wasnt )ou d tiling but
vom se\ tint bis almost tubbed me
of my happiness. Hut one little old
woman has redeemed all" your sex for
you and brought ine to you again. I*'oi
l.od s sake nivu lie to me Cbti'
She looked at him with tender worn
.iiih pitv
"Poor boy!" she said softly. "You
Iin vesoen tlie one side so long yon forget how ninny sides tliere are to an tie
tagon. >Itei'iiuse from millions.uf worn
on n few hundred come to yon with
lies on tlieir lips must you condemn
nil womankind.' No. no. iny dear: yon
must not condemn women, for every
uoble tun ti is mostly -what bis mother
lias made lilm.: While women have
tli.lt wiahnosses thev ue' —
•'Tlie light of man's life!" he cried.
MEN'S FASHIONS.
Wlint Uio Sterner Sex Will Wear llurli'i;
Autumn and Winter—Dictum of
Sartorial Authority..
'lhe new patterns as'well i.s ihe
latest niaici'ials for men's suit'.nsjs
and ovvivinils hit-.e unived, snys ii
Mit'iin'iil 'authority, 'llie mysterious
ni-bitiT.-i uf fiishicn lia.o spoki n.
H was lo be expected, tlml. tliis seii-
■on wiiiilil see more color intio .ii.ed
ii.to the patterns for fall aid v.iiror,
I'or .iii.i' nil is said and ik.iie i has
in le c'oiil'is:K.*d Uuil io • I'lunc ua . n
,,-• other we i'i III li ".' lo gel em' iihnH
in nn ns,.clot lies f.oui l.i n on u..'t is
we mm, inspirations for "lvc;i. inn,''
i>.* worn n iruiii  l'.iris.'.,
i.n* d'siin.'l ebi'.ngii from tlu* gS n-
einl s lien i; ol' In-'! ,ve:,i* hits ' i-'i'ii
o'.'ih'r.d. 'ilia ! i <ld ti ; i n;lei* tlie lil!,'
uf "iniliiiuy" slio..Iilers luis *e n
a' if-idi n-'d.i ,...-'.
Sn*i;-..il (>!iev!i)ts will lead in ir-i'.-
tci'inl lor s-iitin:;s. ' In fuel, I'o.-
nuits nm! fo: tlu.*,l. "e.\tra pair or two
of troi.s.'i'S' will li urc r:*'j* I red. Ill*
stripes s.em to ll ive a liilriy lull
inning, niul liiileis it'l signs fail'it is
not, il ;-:!in-il to >n I for auothei- Ivo
or th'io yi-.r.snt least7' l.'ertaln'.v
thi.s ,vim. '.In.' pla'os sliiiw more e>
levts iii "lids ..in I lii.in ever be.'oi*.*,
iio* ixivmiiu llu* tin.e vih'-'ii tnei'.'.--
l',.-! 'o.'nl |.o;*tili'.i*.il.v of h i sti.ipi* In!
to ii.'i'U'hipni'nry witlnli awnl.
To ba co: reel in cidor one *l*.oad
.hoi-s * a piitterii' with a found.i-.. e-n
of l.ro'.vn, for lliis is. Ii'.'iiy to i-elbe
jirevaiiinif \ lone  this y'e.ir,   a:'. h*V !.*,*i
lh  n
.*% M ' ^
f£d/
TRICKS FOR HORSES.
...h n
li'ii-.'.
S   CI,
ion
Crlekcl il» SIu> Snw It.
A til i in in si ho~olglnrtl.ier dcMTiliTs
tlie I_njrhsli game ol iiicktt ltlsni)
good for ilie exercising of llie limbs
liesidis4ilic\ |( un to obev oidus and
not to ii'ii uk I I be n iikt t'i out t ion
slsts of a great Inw-u and a little tents
whin the pln.uis n po*-e llu uif-ehes
or where arc the places of the audi
enco.which has lo pay a li'.lle money
before tliey are piTlnltti'd to regard
the Sevens. Now the bailer sends a
ball. tbe.batter wlio Is standing before
llie wicket lias to send it abroad. If
tlie hall knocks down tlie wickets, lhe
In I lei and the backstop mike their
runs," etc,
llut the gem of the article is lhe
moral rellcctIon'made at the end of it
liy the Juvenile essayist: "When tliey
nre thirsty, they go Into the leu's to
drlnlsi n glass of brandy, then llicy
are drunk, and their parents scolds,
poor boys. I would not allow my chlldi cu to pi iv such a stupid game"
.StrmiKe   lilean   ot   Feminine   llenutr.
Au African beauty must bnve small
e)es thiik lips a laige tin nc-e and
u skin beautifully black. In Nevv
Guinea tlie nose is perforated nnd a
large piece of wood or bone inserted.
On tlie northwest coast of America an
Inoislon more than two inches long Is
made in the -.lower.Up and then lilled
with a wooden plug. In (iuitica tlit
lips ilreplerced with thorns, the head
of tbe thorn being Inside the mou'.li
and the point resting on tlie chin.
51 uy a   li.Liu ligliier in slmd*
last ,v*.ai*  wil!  also   be iised  a
deal,     lied  is us.*d  1116*1* fin ly
I'or-.severnl scn-ons pasl.
.  l*'or  the  iron*ers   nlom;   ill*..*
and    while   stripe   wh ill   vvas
.;iiilp  a giTiit: dee.l   last   yenr i;
tiuiii'd   in  fe'-oi*.   but  tlu- slri; e-i are
iiow wider 111. n before,  end  tli.'.g 11-
v'ral   elTixl   is' more  pronounced   ;and
delicate,    without     be'ii^    n io..e;h.M-
"loud."   -..-:'
■.( o.ils will-net'be so •. bnrt   us.lis-
ycar,  and    the wide    but 'on s  v.h 1I1
'.v ro' U'.iuhi iiiinii'l  essential   . I.y-    'le.
itbsurd   iniddiiig*. ; nd  .soiiui.'n •; of lhe'
.slioiilders   will , I e  dis] ensed   wi li'-'.n'
a Word,   the suit  for tliis  .al!   :  a.'iii
winter are to (il   t'nc figui--' in n ;*:op-
er, niitiniil and'Vensil.lo iiinniici-.■■■-,'-.
..There is ho ■ liiiiig'.' of a fy pui'licu-
!ar imroi'tnii.e; in the. trot''.". conl.:   It.
will   remain  alio'.il, .the s-uiii*'  a.irlnt.
vear,  when it was Iciiiftheiieil just   u
little.
■ lilslcrs   and    nvei'ivnils    will ' nave
little to distin'iiiiisli  ll'.cni fioui  iliose
mnde a ycar-ago.      Quite n  nnnibi r
will   be  made in   lh.* beeviei* suiiin
materials  of  worsteds.  >h n'ols   nnd
tweeds.
No; eliniigcs of -impoi* an *e nil* con-'
l.eiiip.latctl in:diiuier. or oviiiin.^ di-i.s.s.
the sill; fiicin'/s iiintiniiiiig lo -.■.vicm ...
ileal- to-thi' id.'.r* of tlie le|i<-N -   ' h;
coats.. 'I h'J waistcoats "w<i: ii'-.w'i!.li' e*'-
eiiing dress will be -either plain "v. Inly'*
o:*7-a. doliiate iicurl. . "   -..■ "."'■
'iVa.isti'oals* for day wear wMI. >lunv
lhe I'-opi laiilyof the .strii-e,".foi-,''-iil-
thiii'^h  III,.'i'i)  is a  great  ilioiiiig. of
pia'n;1 brovn-i     ; 11 I   tan i,   there are
''um'fiii'iitively lew chocks,   the stripes
leiiig";usc'fI in tlie pat.terns oITered foiv
I h ise who i:« imot  be con teii led  w ith
. lij fi out. of 1 no iiti'bi'i'kin (o'oi-.. ...'':
Vv;liilc"more' color liiis .'been iii'-rodite-
d iiitosuil hies and nearly ad mati r-
'inls its* d by Ibe tailor, the shirl.mii".-
ors.iTiid I n.bei'iii*..-;hci-s re;:o:t. a  1 c\ o! t'
ngninsl the. !oml  eflVr'-.s.   11  : hirtiti; s
nu I  h.s If. hofie.Which  pi evil iii d     ins:
yinr. 'I he.ton1 of the. n'jvo'l. has hei 11.,
so    decided, '.hit.-iliL...... iiuinufacttircrs
ap|iia- Id have eoiie-nrniost to-the
other cxtieuie, nnd i t| is sii*..'..-!l that-
l.ho goods for the full.will be almost,
si'inly'o'in: I'lTccl..  -.'*:. .       *;
'-. 'I he ;  irilbiaicc    of . the,-; black and.
v, hil.e..F,ti*ipe.s- in7 the,. tionsei ines .is
.c*.n in Uie patiei lis', for * I: i. ii};w half7
hos-.e shown by ibe.liest diaiers.    tlie,'
same colors lieing userl quite u. gieat"
deal   in a ..Variety, of it t.vles.   n'ohj. of
which', lioweycr. is,at a'l st.arll:ng or.
"loud."-    Orsiy und  while is also   a
favorite-coiiil in 11 ion.     ;
In hats, the liialici*.*'crowns sippe-ir
loh.ive c'ome in nuiy'ii lor '.I hose who
wear Uie'diri ns-, ..whiic t.'e* so*'l -felts:
arc; alii' lit 1 n exncl re; roi'i'M io:i :of
lest ■,,v.*ai*'s s yles. very iloxil.h;: and.
of li:.ht weiglit.   .-'.
: .l)u7.7.Iliiir'l-ait« Alfiuil l.iiiii'mi. :-
1 fere are a few facts abont London.
A child is bom eery : tlnee minutes,
and a death.is lcgi-slcied e.ey "live
minutes. The city coiilaii'.s 0-er "00
1 ailway stations. ni-ui ly .Si.l) miles-
of railway line and ule.en' ai way
bridges span tlie'lhanies. Hai y ;a
million .-peisons tiavel 1:11 t'u* 1 ii'.ier-
gioiind rn Ivvays*,' and 'l.oi'O.Oi 0 in
o.OOO oinuiiii'sis, 7,000 hniisoiu . l-i.-
OOO cabs tui'.i 7,000 ti'c.in cu s. "The',
t.olai popnlaliun' is belwre'. (I.I'IK),-
00(1 nud 7.01)0,000. l-'oar ikoiiaiul
r'6stineii^deliver?=l0.0(i0;i--(?0=lf'''ter-si
weekly, wal! ing a di'tain 1' eip-nl to.
twice the circunifercnre of-tlie g'obe.
r-'ixty thousand letters are writ 1^ 11 a
day. coasumiug thirty gallons' of
ink.
•- Wurklnir t'u* Young Ilorsrs.
Vnny Cud tluMiiselves short of horse
- o'.vi r   and   wo*-", yoiin*;    bo*scs     lo
n d \ youii v li rse Is iiseaMv ii-.will-
■■II-,- ■ n ; lie lus-not leaned how to
iave liiins,.'lf  alii!   will   in di'i*  llie.-c.\-
itiiuenl, and urging, necessary for his
'iinle i!o i"ore t."*«11> du is really able
1.1 do, wi hm.t iniiu-)' to himself, l.'o
■• asy .witli the yo inxslers,--: A III tie
t o much vor'* or too bi|r an cltorl
limy pcrinniicnl.'y injure u tlir'-'e-vcai--
u'.d, and a fo r year-old is nsi'tilly
110 lii'lter lined for ..hnrd wor!; l:e-
ciiiisi.' of Ur.' 1 hail res in his moiilb. It
due'n't | aV 1,0 tnke ..unv ibuce.s of
mini g ,1 proini In:.', lu rs; for Hi.'
'ake yf a littic ext.ia vvurl*.—Ntitloi.*
nl Stock ma 11.
Tin* Skill*, "f I'nill
Ilio    s ins    .if    fiiut of    nil  kin Is
■l;oii'd   ac er'l,i<  eaten,     hut-   before
eii'o.'ing tlie skin lhe fruii. should l.*e
an 11 llv  wa'li d    lo avoid llu tians-
1 'rente of bacteria from s'iin to pulp,
I <, ni iiiii nls hav • shown ill it   1   sio
nub   wliose   it uli nls cont iiiii d    no
nc o  is lift!      1   lld'kllst ol steuli/
e' 10 il   nidini, wiln gianes nfuluili
t   i' s in-, wm eiten   Kintalned 100-
'Ud    nu 10 e*.     to eiuh lluid  ounie
li s._ ii'kioIks iniise the unit  t 1 ile-
i.    in fine it can bo dit,osted—rmiii
n I   1  in h
THE  ANIMALS  ARE   EASILY 'TAUGHT
AND   QUICK.TO LEARN
Tliey Can, Without Much Trnnlilc, Ce
.tliido <o Sl^rnnl t4Yi'H" nml "No," lo
Shake llnnitM untl to Mi* Down nl
tin- Wui'il of Co 111 in 11 nil.
Tliere are so many things that u
horse can be taught to do, says Sue
cess, tbat it Is hard to tell which to
select as best Illustrating Hie methods
by which we teach them. The follow
ing. however, vvill furnish the kov
Take a pin in your hand, and, stand
ing abreast of n horse's near sboul
der, prick blm lightly on tlie breast
This resembles tho bite of a lly. And
to drive off the nuisance ho will bring
down liis nose to his breast. This you
accept as "Yes" and Immediately re
ward hlui by feeding him a lump of
sugar or some other trille that he likes
liepeat the operation till lie brings
down his head at the slightest move
ment of your hand toward his breast
By degrees you can substitute a simple
downward movement'.of" tbe. band,
which is loss noticeable to an onlook
cr.--but crittally effective
Standing in the same position, prick
blm lightly witb a pin on tlie top of bis
neck. He will at once shake his,bead,
which Is accepted us "No;" then re
ward lilnias before. Repent this until
be shikes Ins lic.ul at the least ttpwaid
.movement of the hand. This signal,
as lie hams lite lesson mote perfectly,
nn be giuluilh lessenul until it is
mm slight null id To sn "\'is or
'No' Is 1 vu) simple tiick, 1 nil vet
there is none tbut''shows"'to belter ad
.vantage. Of comse when a horse has
lliinoiuhh le iiitftoibev tlie signals
)ou i in as', bin some qui st ion*- and
thin bv Hie njotion of vo.u baud
make liinisay "Yes" or ••No" as you
pit ISO
lote'ih 1 hoise to sh ike hands   fis
ten 1 s'u it sti tp to ore line li nt I 1 'in
tlieliilocl,    I lien  st tutting it I 11  t of
the hoise uul lining the sit ip lu vou
luml   sn     Sliike hint's    .mil iiimn
diately pull up his foot and take It in
your band.'.Then.'still holding the foot
lew 11 d and 1 ness lnm 1 \ nth   is \uu
would If be hnd given it to you of his
own.iiimd    K<ep tepe iting tin  opet
atlon, belug ciireful to rewttrd'hini nnl)
■vv lule his loot is in )om luiid   He wdl
vet)  soon le.un  lo ghe vou  his  foot
the moment you roach your buuil to
word it 1
To teach a horse-to lie down* at a
word of command llrst select a good,
smooth picii ol gieensw ml wheie he
will not hut bin self Harness him
vuth a sin (Ingle and bridle and snap
up his oil foio loot v. lomtnon bieiili
ing sti ip is btst foi this the shoit
loop mound his foot between tlie £et
lock and the hoof mill tlio long one
mound lux ton 11 in I'lstcn one eud
of a sti ip to the tio.11 fote loot below-
the fetlock p ss tin ol lu 1 end *" up
through tiie,surcingle and take It in
jour tight hind and tin binlli tem in
vour lclt h mil I'i sh lnm bli„hth and
the moment he slip, pull slinrpl) on
the sti ip
1 lus of comse will bi mg him to- his
kneis If he is .1 lmse of any spit it
he will genct.ill) ll/bt very peitiun
iloush before bo got . down, but bav
lng tlie use of onlv bis two bind Ugs,
he soon bet onus wiiiiid and nsts
wilh his knees, on the giound. Now
pull his head toward you. and he wilt
fall over the other way
Hold him dow 11 lor some minutes
nu inw lnle speaking to* him very sooth
high Peed blm lumps of sugar, in
f.ut, make as tnuili as possible of him
wlule in this position 'I hen role ise
him and repent the lesson He soon
le.iins to lie down verv leadll). and
then )ou can omit stiapplug bis offe(
fore foot Later i-ou can also'abandon
tbe use of the strap and surcingle by
taking his near foot in youi band.
■Then you can accomplish the purpose
by simply touching thejiear foreleg
witb vour band and finally by a motion of your hnnd toward .bis leg.
"iou should always idiompany tbe
"signal by tbe command. "Uo down!"
11) degrees be learns its meaning, and
the signal can bo dispensed with If a
horse is-large, hnd strong,'the tVnlner
must be cool,'wide-awake nnd alert;
otherwise he m.i) make a botch of It
uud injure tbe bone or himself or
botb.
not he rendered capable of pciTta-ming
other functions besides those of loco
motion and sustaining the weight of
tbe bod) v'citnlu nt h ist It is tint
some unlucky innrials burn without
arms have tuiuiiigcil to use a knife
fork, spoon, pcii/paiuihrush and even
11 violin how.
Good  nn "Is  Word.
Mot'tilled I'.rldegfobin- You told tlie
vour f.ttliet s weddiiv pn-iut vj'onld
lie   I check lor lout   H-ruii s
Blushing lbIde-Well, nut $11 .'I
four Hgures!
EltlfO.
An English .traveler who has visited
every nation in the world is uuthorlt)
for the statement that one food Is mil
ii'isal tluoiigliuut ill (otiutiies "Ihere
Is not a part of tlie world," he says,
"where you cannot get an egg," While
in westeru Chlnn,; however, he at llrst
Iind some dlllletilty In getting even
eggs, Tlie natives could not understand
lilm and refused tu recognize the pie
tines lie drew as ph tuns oi eggs 'Ibe
way I got out of the dltlleulty." he
adds, "was that I squatted down on
my haunches. Happed my wings and
ciicko-doodle-doo'd until tlie entire ua
tion grasped what I wanted, and I was
simply provided with bundieds of
eg'ns"       	
PoualbUltleii of tbe Feet.
If Instead of the, cramping Imprison-
ment of boots and slides the foot from
Infincy were it I lowed a fice and nnt-
ural development. It may be questioned
whether under such conditions it might
WE SLnL
Tlie builders of'cities.'.nf' world.**, nre v%.
The iiiiininied    sciilies.  nnd of unknowB
, vvcrlli: ■'■'-.,■ *, *!
I*'or we.nre tlle Uliismrii of Progress, nnd Iio
'fin*'-one l'rliiee  we -s-ervc on  the    wlhile
.wide earth.- ,-     . -.'!.■ ...
Nor i;old, nor 'itlory.^nor iianic we clrin—
IVe iiiik Imt the right, iinfcttcifd to ,Unlit;
To inline a-wronjr'liy Its slinhudiss luiaii":
To slny the wroiiK for the love   or  tlio
■ '■■ Wli;* xi lAlA'iyli
Tin- Reiitrlcs of cities, ot worlds, areWr, V
' Knrh staiidliig alone-in his high'w.iteh-
.lower:    ■ .   ',;. :.*'-■.
Wo are looking away-to the hind, to >ln
'•en:'.
Wc have   only a lamp In the midnlgh:
' ■ ■ ■  hour. ■■■'!,
Then lrnve ns the right to flclit or to fall.
As  (Mil   - may - will,   111 the front of  tlie
b'      ll'.'ht,    .      . '■'.  :   "■'..'.'■:       "      "     '•;;
tJr.eh:iili*ni'ed,   uninii'stloncd   for  the giiria
'*. or all, : "  X :.'.*.-
I'or the tr'i*li that lives, for the love of
the. Right.'' ':. iyy'A'J
The givers, of glory to nations'nre we*.'"
'-: The liulldcr.s of slnifts and of nuiiiKiiichta
To soldiers ami great during men of'.'tlie
■ sen;' - ■ -.    ' .■-' . '\"':'
Uut we are the homeless, strange ilwef-
ers hi tents, '*.'"• '•-■-••"■     '-'Xi-: •■,'-.■'-*-;•'
With never a tablet or-hlgli-hnilt stone.:
.* Yet-what'cure-we vvho go down In   tho
.'"'■ , Hslit,   ■■■-.-.--        ,'. •' ..-.' Aiiy.. :'*;,'.,,
Tlionch wo live imiinmed, .though  vve  -He
inilainwn,   :.::■:'.::   ■-.'"■'::..
■If.only we live anil (Ue for the lllght. '
There are brighter, things In the vvorld t'liui
. gold, ■; . ;:>*v- '■■■■:", >'■
Tliere lire nobler things -n this vvorld tlitin*
.'.- 'name—'.'7 "'■■ ■*', ';■ ■■■ '■ ■ ■:'■ -.v-V--' V',' -'A,
Tn silently do with yonr deeds untolil.-:^
To silently die iiniiolsi'il to fiiiiie.-"i:.r  "
Then forth lo the light, miniiiiie 1 and nlomv
Let as lead the- world to its di'stined
'■:•-. .^lii'lshti-.-"'.^ ■:.'•■'■ a-'i: Xy.Xyi'lyi
Enw.ith *to 'know, if hut tlils.be known.   :-:
XVhen' we live nnd die la the ranks tor. tlle
■: '■i-'xtxAJXii .VV7V;;V-Joaa«hiV)tliler^*
AN ANXIOUS TIME FOR ^
NEURALGIC SUFFERERS.
Paine's Celery^,
Compound
The Only Medicine That Successfully Cures This Terrible
Nerve Disease. \) ||
I,
THE POET LAUREATE
Hovt H« Is Di-Kcrllii'il by th« Now York
Comic X.lfi.
N"ew York Life gives thc following
sit it ual skolih 01 Mi Alfiei Austin, XZnglish pott lauiente, 111 its
"Ilntionaiy of Intel mitioinU D10-
grnpiiy '
An Knglish trochaic, innibii,
'hcroiciahd hot-nir poet, deadly rival
of 1 lla Whcclti '\\ilco\ and Lam a
.leiu Libbj, and all aiound ode-
nnket to* the King 1 his giiitlunnn
w.i*, bom at tho lear intiame 10
■\\nstminslii* Abbiv about iifty jeais
ago As a hen, Mi. Austin eaily
evinced iem,irkable talent At Lwelve
icais of age, in common with all
Koniuscs, he became lonvinccd of Ins
o«n futuie giettncss, and composed
foi thc woild the following lines lo
show his own confidence in liis des-
tmj
" There    vvas    an    old    standee of
Spain.
"\ho* constantly gunned    while   ill
pain
These, lines, donr'Jier know
Aie merely to show
1 can wnte 111 a humoi ous vein '
Recognition inme slowly but siuc-
ly und whin 'iinujson died it Le-
c.iuie evident. Unit Mi Austin vvas
the woist man (01 the plan Algernon bvvinbmne s senso of humoi being in total lollapse
"It was Shakispeaie's pruikge* to
make people wii-p Mr Austin does
betiei He makes tho woild smile
and sometimes svvcai It is satd tl at
in anothn century no poetivvvvill be
wiittin It'will bo sein fiom this,
that *\fr Austin is a hundred -viais
aliead of his time
"As poet Imueate be has arhievid
a leiii.ukable success in binding to-
githei the two gitat, Anglo-b.ixon
brnnilics ot humanitj Whmover bo
has vviitten an ode wc have felt
diavvn together by a common sorrow."—— ■	
Thick Hcndca Whnlea.
The head of the whale has been
known to.attain n thickness of over
two feet. '
.' Ttiini.vNon'.H TnctlcriKneH*.
■ Several stories ure told of .Tennyson's thouihlhss spiichcs What
lt^b is this'. In imcnskid his hostess wheie hi wns dining Whiting,"
sho lepliid ''llu ineiincst llsh llieio
is hu iiniuikid i|iute unioiiscio is
that lie I'oulU huvo vvoiindvd nn.v
ones   fubiigs
Set lus kindness of hen it vvnssucii
that, vvh:n his partridge vvns nftci-
wud givin linn almost raw he ate
stiinlilv tliiiiu^h it, ■for leiu Ins hos-
tiRs inigli'  bo VPtod
'.)n mis occasion 'It nnyson was very
rude to Mrs. Urothorlon, a neigliboi
at rrc*h«uter Tlu n^\t d.i\ hi
I'aino to her house with a Rrout calj-
buge undcr-i'c'ueir arm
I h"niel >ou HI od those so I
brought lh"m " ho snid g ninlly It
i\as his Idea of a pcaie-offciing
v .""        <
IIiIMIiik (.rent CLnoiul.
Viscount    Kitilicner has  done   his
wor',  well,  nnd ho hns accomplished
ovin moie in tho just  ami honoi able
poice ho has aiinngod than    in   the
brilliant lnilttui .  skill with winch be
mado it po^slhli     The Ih itnh   havo
good icason,  Uitrofoie, to  be proud
of theli  geneial, for ho is both able
in  diplomacy     ond  brilliant  in    the
Held - Lo Temr s, Fai is
Experienced physicians know well (
that tho variable weather of this '
autumn month decided tbo fate of '.'
thousands m 111 health At tho prcs- %
ent time, men and women are falling ;
around us like leaves before the chill- ((
ing north winds. \
Amongst the diseases prevalent   at   {
this4 tune, terrible neuialgia with its
sharp,  lacerating and darting   pains
is doing its intolerable work..;: - Tho
cold,  winds,     dump  air  and sudden
ihanges in tempci aturo,    favor   this !
pam-iacking diseuse    Tho best  phy-  K
sicinns   of all    schools admit    that   'I
Pnine's Celery Compound is the only   \
known specinc for the curo of    neu-   '
ralgia    If you aro experiencing   the ^
tonnents  of this    most terrible    of 11
nerve diseases,    wo    counsel you tot
give Paine's Celery Compound !tn im-|i |
mediate tnal      It has   permanently^
cured  others;   it  vvill,    without fill
meet your case    Mis   T   McMaster
Toronto, Ont , says — S
"Ten jears ago I was attacked!
wrth neuralgia, and though treated/ \
bv six doctors, the diseaso grow^
worse and nearly made'1 nio insane ij
Day after day I suffered the most in- 'J
tense agony, and I became utterly |
disheartened One dny my deliver- ^
ance came A lady who hod suffered j
as I had, told me that Paine's Cel- s
ery Compound had cured her I used \
the compound, and it simply mado n M
new woman of me Tho pain vanish-j
ed, I grew well, and I never felt hap-
pier in my life All this is duo to'
Paine's Celery Compound.
imtlsruttiiK  Clrcuiiinlnnvc*.
"Aio vou nwnie of anv mlilgntin,.'
clicunistnnics in jour 111,1''' asked a
magistrate of u negio lonviited of
stealing .1 tout
"Yes. sab, lots ob 'em Cf 1 hud'
time. jciUc. I could talk to vou for 11
vveeU on dat subject "
'If jou know of nnv mitigating dr
eumstnnie please Mate il "
"Yes, ,jnli I'll tell jou oh one light
now, sib Iiow i'iisj would it ltivi(
beou for me to hi in,! mj fainilv IntWi
disgraie and misetv. sth 1 Jess re^
malned single I mbbci mat tied sab,
Anudder mitigatin' ciiiumstiniSum"-
"Olllcer. 1 einov c the pi tsi ner."
-rtreflfc^i Id Jnimn,
Fireflies-are sold'nightly by peddlerti
to the- crowded (iu irters of Tokyo andi 1
other Japanese iltles    The Insects sel'/j
for 3 rln apiece, a rln being eeiunl lr
value to* tbe twentieth pint of a cent (,
Cue Bottom7 Clinlra. .
When th'e bouts of c.imvbottoni ehalra] t
ha\e become limp and stretihed, pro-/'
vldcd none of tbe cutis .tie biokeni I
tbey may be restoied bj being wel) |
.vashed in bot vvntu and e\posed to* aA
cm lent of air This tieitment cnusefcj
llie-eaues to tighten up and when drjj
the* scat will be ijiiitc tint
r   KKeS^ESYST^)l
CLEAN5t5EFFECTUALLY;(|!
ACTSGEKTtY
ON
>
OVERCOMES
"^8rruAL^upERMANENTLY:i
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y:.s*vr, It:7&ff *^,f; SOME FARM CHANGES  WHY AGRICULTURISTS OF EASTERN  CANADA ARE MIXED FARMERS  ,    *    I  Wlmt it Stuil) ur lli�� MetliuiU nt ('lienplj  I'.cttorlllK Lout I erllltt}' Huve Led to��� "  Sinn hs Attcmllnctho l'lun of Shallow  ES.tiiltlv atlon  mill  notation���Jlr.  ,1.   II.  GriHiliile on tlie Subject.  Toi   mnnv rj'enrs,  funnels In l'ast-  n n Canada weie giam grow tis nine- i  lv      .Necessity luncd tho lineption oi  suih u svsieni of agiicultuie     Habit |  i n I ignoianic piolongid the piui'icc '  cu    '11111     fanning     The    wondci fui  stnnjtb, nnd seemingly inexhaustible  futility    of  the  toil  made  Us  long  (i-intinunnio possible.    The discovety  of    tho    possibilities ot tlin . N'uitli-  west nnd   tho giudnal exhaustion of  out  Holds called a halt,    llcna,   for  somo \ears pnst ihange his been jn  iho air.  J^ivo stock farming, tbe sjstem  making the smallest demands on soil  feilillty, is rapidly supplanting grain  plowing Pails of neaily eveiy frnm  nio now muih bettei in condition  tnan they were a few yeais ago, nnd,  fin thor, such is nature's wondeiful i'i-  cupci'iiti\o power, sinie the pai tial  ic-sation of the tipniindous dinin oi  gunn exportation thu aveinge nop  letuin for Eastcin Cnn.idn iinve gone  i.p veiy considei ably But, ns eveiv  fnrmei kmvvs, even live stoik fanning long continuid'nie.ins a gindual  loss ", of fertility unless consid-'i.ihic  food other than that pi orbited on tlie  J) faim is fed to stock and the mnnuio  propel ly cared for and utilized,  This fact has led to a study of the"  methods foi (Imply icstoimg lost  feitility and piohtably cultiva* nr  soils so that 'impioved, r.ithei than  impoverished" may bo the annual  vei diet  It is impossible to discuss thc sub-  teit exhaustiveh in suih an aitule  a., this, but one plan of iitltiv.uion  found to give pood icsults is vv heie  tho mondow oi pasture is p'oued in  August, the sod being tinned to n.  depth of 31 oi 4 imhcs only Immediately 'alter kplowing. if in a drv  time, tho '.and is lolled, then hin-  lowed with a light Inituw It is  then leit untouched until ginsiJ and  weeds stmt t,o grow when" it is again  lituroucd, caie being oxeiciscd to  11event tlio .ol being dustinbel 'Jhe  hanowinc> oi niltivating pioiess is  ��� en m'rd ,it Intei vols (as the wcoil  seeds germinate) until October, when  bv means ol a <3 idovi gang) double  mould-board plow the smfneo soil to  bo a depth of about 4 inches is put  .into dt ills about 22 inches  npait and 8 to 3 0 inches high  Tins is found to be a most satisfat-  toiy preparation of the soil foi  lorn, roots or gi.tin Wheie giain is  sown, the soil is icady for seeding at  a considei able earlier 'dite than where  l.-ite fall plowing is piacticed  If allow vvilh this sjstem of shallow cultivation a proper totatioh is  adopted, mosI( excellent icsults aie  sine to follow. As clover is the only ciop which, while giving a wofit-  nble harvest, still selves to enncli  lather, lhan to,impoveiish the soil,  it is evident that clover should tako  a*- rvrominenl place in August lotn-  tions in this country With this fact,  in mind, a few rotations suitable f0r  the improving of our lands 'may be  offeied, 4as follows ���  3 jear dotation   (1) grain, (21 clovci  liay, (3) pastme  3 jeur rotation   (1) coin'and loots,  (2) grain, (3) clover hny  i year quotation   (1> corn and loots  oi pease (2. grain, (3) clovci luy.  f'l) liny oi Pasture  li   S year lotation   (1) giain with    10  lis ,  clover seed   to  plow   down  foi fertili7t'is,f(2) com and loots,  .; (3) giain,    M)  clovci   hav,    (I.)  f{\ hi j' oi pastille  C year i otation    Same as 5 jenr but  left ono yiar longer m pasture 4  Tho reason for suiface cultivation  and tbo use of such short rotations  as    given     above is to niciense the  j,    quantity of and plnce propeily    ithe  a'    chief factor mining for soil teifility  Dead vegetable matter exposal   to  moisture    and   wnimth  soon   breaks  I'lown   to   a   form   called humus   oi  Y     blncii e.iith    lh' fattens  nbove 11101*-  *    tinned     Oui  jiiiinie'nnd newlj cleni-  y   ed soils contain immense    quantities  ';(     of  this material      Exposuie  to heat  lOnnd the intei mixture of caithly matter ��crio 'to waste. , Thus,  repealed  giHuu-" cropping'   with deep plowing  Iiroxfdp*' the.conditionSj.best calculated to dissipate this matter most lap-  1     idly and most effectively.  1    ,  Tho functions of this .common, yet  easily lost substance, aic. varied and  imioitant     Hcing,  as anyone     inn  find out for himself, of the natuie ot  a sptn;e, it rotn.in.s.'tltcynoistino in a  drj  time, but will   nllow nil   supei-  __I'.uous_wuter_to ia"idlj-nnd harmless-  Tho grent ciops produicd l.y n'wly  (leaicd fields amd pranie lands exemplify this, ns docs nNo th? innk  growth of jaunts in our loirsts,  wh.'iclhu suLcoil is nivcr stiried, or  iv heie the annuals ��>nd smaller perennials must depend for then noui-  ishiiient upon the sulfate soil almost exilusivelj* It would, theiefore, scorn to le dear that available  plant food sliould be neai the sulfate of our fields and that our surface soil should be in particulaily  good plijsual (oudition of tilth  How to senile these two rcquire-  I'H'ii's of lup'd raiiK and desunlile  plant giowth must, thcicioie, be the  Iirst lonsidci atlon. of ovcrj' would-be  successful fai met. Expoi iment nnd  long pinitiee -scein to prove that  shallow cultivation and some 1 otation. moie especially tho 3 year 01 the  -1 ieui 111 diy dlsti icts,and the ."i year  in 1 .liny districts', aio most scivlic-  nble Ih inci casing tlie" humus in th-1  siyfaco soil, and so "impiovlng tho  phjsiral condition"; whiih means  "increasing the pioductivtlv" of 0111  Ileitis.���J. II. Clnsdale, Agnculturist,  Ccntial Experimental Faun, Ottawa  THE SPRUCE GALL LOUSE.  Now Application of Cjnnhle Fumigation  ���rerfict SuireiM Attillncil.  -, .  Gall-lico are so piotectid in the  galls jfioy pioduee as to bo piuctirjl-  ly beyond the icaih of spiays \\hulo  oil soap, etude pettoleum, kcioscnfc  fish oil, and a stiong solution of  caustic potash weie used without icsult    Fumigation with ��thd gas   fiom  THE HYDRAULIC RAM.      j  Mnny X armers Use Them  ror  Pumping  Wutor, lint Few  Undei Rtund lhelr       1  Action hh Here Explained. |  As   a  rule those  who have to  do  BLANCHING CELERY.  The PI.ink niul Drain  Till- Methods llnili  UlnKtrntetl.  The objcit of blauihing celeiy is to  secure  le..f stalks  free fiom    woody  with them endeistand f.iuly well tho strands, cusp and tender and without  constriction iiml geneial uses of the the lank (lav01   found 111 those that  'hjdinulit ram. but the'action of this aiq green    In faimeis' bulletin 118,  appliance as a iule, seems     to     be ^on celery lultuic,  published    bj   tin  pietty I/Huh, of a inxstcry to llicjiv  ernge plumliei In thc first plnie it  diffcis fiom the other appliances  which .ue used foi the puipose of  pumping watoi inasmuch as it is ul-  Wnvs set below its supply. In tho respect also 'hat it Is not lequned  tliat a vacuum In formed to opciatc*  it, It dilTois fiom the stylo of pumping .ipp.ii.itiifi liDwn us n pump.  A hjdi.iuliu tnm is nlwnjs set bo-  lo^v its supply, It Is'essential to the  successful opei al ion of the apparatus  THE SPIUICi-  GAIL LOUSH    .  the cyanide of potash is the only effective remedy 1 am acquainted with,  and this has piovcd veiy sntisiuitoiy  'indeed, ln tieating insects the life  histoiy must be caiefully obseived,  some points of which aie said to lie  as follows.  The gall louse lays its eggs in the  fall, one egg in each section of tiie  nud attacked The eggs aie hatched  by tho vvatmtli of _the following  spnng During the balance of the  season the insect is vmpnious As  many as twenty-five luc have been  found in a single cell���whiih niatuie  and leave the cell during August and  some possibly 111 July. Ticatment in  winter is not practicable beiuuse of  tho difficulty of destroying the vitality of eggs, and, as the mature insects aie moving in August ticatment in  Jul)' is  likely  to  lie     most  I  K',    J.v penolato to the lower soil lajers.  It   holds loose,  porous Foils  togc-  thei,   ond   so otherwise loose .sunds  become   staple   and piovidd a   gooel  root      hold    foi   plants     It  rrnders  dense,nnpciinnble sodd open and porous pci milting the ficc emulation of  1111  ,uid vvutei.and allowing thewoak  rootlets    to  .icnotiato  tlie cistwlulc  I;     iiilpin 11 able space in se.vch of food  j    In  laid,   it  is  the chii;i icqiiitcmeiit  of good phj'siial condition    111    oui  soils     It contains much  plant, food,  since   it   is 1 eaily \egetable matter,  ii  nnd a lnrge pe'icnlngo uf lliis food  ,J* is  in  available foims     It 11 ids also  '     in  tho eonvoislon  of   the  iioiwuail-  |      nble forms of tho elements of futility  j     into nvailnblo foims     I'liitlm, itic-  ,     tains  nt'ur tlio Htirfnie  the dissolved  plant     food    which,   must' otlieiwis'o  havo sunk into the Mib-toil-  Tho most important sources of humus on (he aveinge fnrm nro fiiini-  J.ud miinuie nnd cioji lesiducs Upon the piopci application 01 uso of  these mateiinls depinds the'.futuie of  ''nnadinn agniiiltuio. , ,  Where tlio supply of humus is limited its location becomes a veiy Important  consideration       Now,   most  ��� M'lilir* e.AIIS  effective and should be done at night  and when tlio loli.ige is dry, to avo.d  injui mg it  One-scvcnlh to one-sixth of .1 gi.nn  of cyanide to the cubn foot, emlosnl  with an exposuie of foity minutes,  will kill the lue without affecting tlio  spruce  tioe nijuiiousfy  X\e have some tases pt injur) vhric  tho foliage was wet, a gas of gieatei  stiength used, 01 tho woik doiicdui-  ing the bent of the day ���G'" E. l'ish-  er, Piovinnal Inspector, San .lose  Scale*  Don't I.i't Fiirin Klin Down.  . It is t-o often the caso that the  farmer negloits s)stem, sajsl.obert  Stark of Yoik County, Ont'ano  Economizing timo would enable "him  to put in many "a stitch in time to  save nine." It is veij easy to let'  things,run down fllio among youi  readers cannot retail some country  housli he visited )eais ago wh'cic  eveiything seemed piospcious, the  outside, like the inside, pi ottily kept  and at ranged, witfi- peaie and plenty,  happy, young, smiling fines, solid  10-nfoits and enjoyments But when  ho again visited the plnie how'iiiang-  cd was it. The peoplo had lost heait  and inteiest, not fiom want of tnpi-  -tal���but fioin���want of sjstem-in  "keeping things up." Then again,  how ficqucnlly do wc pass, some  houses winch for yeais hnd been dull,  unattractivo and "allowed to go  down,"-unpnlntcd. and dusty, fi ores  nnd gates out of older, and a genet-  nl want of cleanliness in evet^ pint,  which has been purchased liy". a niw  occupant,.' How changed it Is' Kvciv;  thing has been,rubbed up, woodwoil,  pnintfed, bucks 'pointed, new fm<os  elected and old ones lcpaiicd, tne  grass and flower potsrti mimed and  made neat, .walls newly pnpoied,  floois nicely caipotod,, diuins lopali-  ed, old iiibbisli destioyed^iind shrubs  trimmed. It is veiy ensv for a f.u-  niei' to lot hjs farm, a lawyer 01 doc,-  tot his practice, a business man' lus  business, a householder his,bouse, a  niiinufiie tuiei ills niiichinet v, 'nm  down, but when onco 11111 down, how  dill'-ult It Is.to give life and vit.ilil.  to tho dead bones, and Iiow fiequent-  ly tildes pioduio this effect.  llVDUlUIIC KAM IV OPl* 11ATI0.S*  that it should bo so sot This is  dono for the purpose of secuiing* a  llow of wntfi .j*. guuily fiom tho 111-  lit of the dnve jupe to the run.  Tho objeit of tins is to see uie tho  picsirc or shod, icsu'ting fiom the  sudden stoppage of a inpidlv-flouing  loliunn of natn *b ih elTeit in the liy���  dxaulii ram is ,ik omplisliod liy lne.ius  01 its impetus against the woiking  valve 'ihe const) mt ion of tins impetus \nl\o is cuch that whfn tho  wr.'ei is. (11st turned into the ram,  the vc'vo pei nits the supply watei  to llow t'uoi'crb it and waste fiom  it, but as llow ing, water inucnscs 111  velocity and 1 onscqurnlly 111 powei  until it attains its maximum velocitj  it soon nttnins a velocity und pow-i [S  er sufinient to ovueoino the weight |  of thc impetus valve and raise it I fltd  to its scat This valve is walet-  tiglit, 01 ni'.iilv so, nnd shuts of!  fiom escape the wntei of supply .11  this point As a natuial lonso-  quenco, it seeks anothei point of escape. ' The 1 nm *is designed to facilitate this action, being pjovuled with  what is lei mod thc an chamber  valve, which is located at tho base  of the dome, opening upwind when  Iicsstiio is bi ought to beat against  its hot toin'  Tho an ihambei, befoie tlie nun is  stnt'ed, contains air at oiclininy nt-  mosphenc piessuie, and as Ihe pies-  siuo of the watei flowing in the  elininboi is gi eater thnn that of the  a. r whiih exists thei'e, it lompiesscs  it and dines it into a.smaller space  n tins slate it is moie powerful  thnt is, it c\eits a greater pres"  sine against things that tend to confine it than it does when in us 01-  elmuj' state of sutmosi-hetic piessuie  \s'the  witer  flowing in giadjallv  loses'its stiength, tho oress'iie     excited  by the compiissed un   -n    Ihe  an * chamber  ovei comes it,  in other  xwoicki,    it    becomes   more powerful  than the piessure of water    against  it,  and  consequently exeits a downwind  piessure on  the sut face  of lhe  water in the dome, nnd by tins means  causes  it tp  shut off the air iliam-  hdr^ valve  thiough  whiih  the  watei  entors   the   dome     This action also  permits  tho impetus vmlvo to    drop  bv   its   own   weight fiom its seat,  lliciebv pennitling  the water of sup-  ph  to again Cow  thiough and waste  which it continues to do i.nul      thc  w.itei    has ajnin  1 cubed  11  veloiitv  sullliitnt   to'iaise 01   throw   tiie     impetus vilve to its seat     As thc piessuie excited bv the water at the 1 .0-  iiieiit  the impetus v.iho is raised   to  i's si it  is -gi enter 01   more powei fui  ih.m lite picssme of the compicssed  an     chamber,  it  again seeks escipe  through tbe air (liambci   valve    nnd  by    its cnli nine it cicatcs a niithi'i  compiession    of air in the chnmbui  and ns in tlie picieding action,  this'  continues  until   the  piessure excited  bv the sudden stoppage of a rapiellv-  flovung    column  of water has spent  it*?.'lf, when the compicssed tcir in the  air (liambci   will ivgam exert its  111-  Ilucnie on the sulfate of the watoi in  the dome   musing it to .tgnn  (lo��e  the- ivr th.unbi'i  v.ilve, which nition  pei nuts a 1 cpvtition of thc action 01  the supph   wntei  and impetus valve,  as desiirbud '  This action repeats itself contuiu-  eittsl.v while th' nun is in working  older, and .is the piessmo of air in  National Oepaitmcnt of Aguciil  tuip, scvcial jnethods of blanching  an' dcsiubcd, two of wlmh aie line  illustiutcel There aio two genii ul  classes of ccleij, thc large gi owing  or giant, nnd the dwaif These nio  again divided into those which must  > bo. blanched by excluding ill the  light and those which aie in a nieii-  suie self bliinihing. Blanching Is n -  toiiiplislicd by cxtliiding the light  and allowing giowth to piocced 111  tho duik. The paitituhir method to  be adopted must be dctei mined lingc-  1 ly, by the time when the cop in lo  ' be used. If foi onily use or for inni-  I kcting, tho blanching must be completed waoio the plants are giown,  but if tiie H'lciy is for wintei usy it  may take placo after the ciop lias  been plated in stoingc. If the e'eleiy  ls lo bo kept late, it is best to  blanch as little 'as possible befoie  stonng. For eaily uso, yome of the  self blanching kinds should be selected.  For eaily blanching, on a small  scale, one of the most common and  best methods is the use of wide  boards. These should be 1 mill tlnik  by 12 to 14 inches wide. P,lace one on  each side of the low of celeiy and  fasten them nt the top with a' piece  of heavy vvne, as shown in the illustration,  or with a light  cleat.     Jn  (in axchim, uh.h:v  Plank method Drain tile method  placing the boaid 111 position, slip  one edge well undei tho leaves of the  plants, then bi ing tho edge upward  until in a acitical position along the  row, hav ing auothei 1 ow at tlit same  tune placed on the othei side,'so  that when in position thc��e will be  as little sp.uc between the boaids as  tin thitkncss 01 tlie plants will pci-  nut  l'oihaps the most satjsfaitoiy way  of blanthing eaily t,clery on a small  stale is by means of ordinal y -1-  nich tiles plated ovei the plants n'-  tci they have biiome almost giown  The leaves will all draw up above  the lop of tiie tiles, thus fonning a  scicen ovoi thc top lo shut out the  light fiom thc intciior. If loinmon,  unglu/ed tiles aie used, the cvapoi.i-  tion from then* suiface has a tendency to keep thc plunt cool cluntig  the heat of the dav, and a veiy tusp  and tcndei   pioduct is  thc icsult  Tho most common method of  blanching is thnt of blanching with  soil, and it is by this method that  the finest (lav01 i.in be obtained A  small amount of dnt must be pland  aiound the plants by hand to hold  them 111 position while the i.aith is  being tin own aiound thoni" This tan  be facilitated by tying the plants  with a twine, knotting it aiound the  lust plant 111 a low, then passing to  the next ones without tutting or  bi caking thc sti ing *  1 V lIUIliK Il<viif>.  The use of .1 hcnv*y iope ni a circle  about ,1 cow's flanks is a well-known  device foi  keeping a cdw's tail    still  dining       milking  tune, but tlie best  pai t of siuji a help  is usually left   olT  the iope     It is a  bit of   told   with  a  xv eight    nt the  end that is tied to  the 1 ope.  V hen  tho    lattci   is   in  use   the   cord   is  looped about   the  tail, ns shown 111  the cut and holds  thet.nl within bounds    Without this  coid   llie low     will    switch  hei   tail  about inside thc chile of iope  will often get it out,entnely.  and  DoffH  nml Cow 11. 1  We Have seen faimeis who thought  it very smatt for Sliep 01 Tige t(S  round up the cows, barking and nipping at their heels and sending them  flying into tho bninjard as though  landed there b) a cjdone Then the  ownei wondered why his best cow  should give blooelv nnlk. Some lows  can stand such ticatment without in-,  juty T'he muscular old bundle,  whose near ancestois considei cd it  n"niusenieiTt-to���dnv e wilcri5ensls"ffoi?F  the pastuie, will not be h'oinied by  an .iigiimcnt with the dog In fait,  tlie dog stands an equal Umiiiu of  getting lough usage llut one dose of  suih treatment maj- entnely spoil a  high strung Jcisej*. The dog 'and the  i yelling lined man aie out of plate  1111 n high guide heid ��� Ituiul New  Y01 ker  lliiRi unit InrkrjH.  1  iivmtAvm: iuvi  tiio    ail     (humbtr is more powei fui  than lhe bend 01 piissuio of tho Wnt-  ei   in the dolivetv pipe, it forces the  watei   thiough  the delivery pipe    lo  tlie point of lis disthaigo  /if  tlio  inni  his  been  pioperlj* slice ml and  in wot J, ing older the d|s-  diaige   of     watei   fiom n livdinullr  lain should be continuous    It should  Iou      out     in    .1    steady    sti cam  however     small.       The    reason foi  this     is     inccisoly     the   samo    as  the     leaion     whj   a    single     ncl-  A    I'rmtknl I'rult Diler.  A pinctical fnnt diicr thnt can be  oidcied nt any tin shop is mnde,  saj's Field und I'ann, of deslicd sl/c  of oidinuiy galvaniwd 11011 with provision of holding seven nl tinvs  These trayb aie madq of wood in the  shape of a shallow box, open at (lie  lop and tho bottom foiiucd of wooden slats, Vo allow the heat to iKo,  but sufficient') (lose so (lie fnnt will  not.(hop thioi'gli. I'm cbjing 10111  cut fiom the Cob, spicad 11 picie of  cheesecloth ovn the bottom of cnih  tiny. The dnei is set upon a took  stove.  A FARM ICE HOUSE.  rull anil KxpUrit Directions tor Tmillig  and Operating litis Convenience  ���HoiiHi, 12 1'ett; Coil, S~0.  In 1 oust rail ing nn'   ue housi1     it  should bo leiueinbcicd Hint the smal-  lci   the houso   the  greater the caio to  bo exeinsed in electing the building  and    packing    lhe  ue       A  housj  12  feet squ.ne and 8  to 10 feel high   is  a  veij'  convinient  si/o   foi    an 01 dirt 1 ry    faim in  building   ruic  sliould be taken lo  Plnoi|s   uoiinpunoj  VI I.11CAI sUTlnx   nqx -o H 11 11 1 �� 1 p  s e c 11 1 c     pei feet  bo dug 18 to 21 inches, or until gia-  \el  is leached      Wheie  this  is    not  I ossiblc, tho lowei  2 feet should   bo  Idled in with laige stones, on top of  which nio placed smaller stones nnd  giavel,  until ,-, smooth    bottom     is  obtained.                                              '  For a house 12 feet square, a flnn 0  of 8 by 8-incli tinibcis is placed on  lhe buck or s'one foundation foi  tho base A smalm- squaie fianv is  mn'lc foi the plates und this is sup-  po> Ip.I at the 'our toincis villi 8 b)  '8-mkIi posts S feet long, and !,v two  or thieo 2 bv S-inih studs 011 cnth  side, with cxfin ones foi dooi posts  on the front side The outside is  coveied with iou/h pine boards, the  ciacks between the bomds being coveted with battens In.li boaids line  the inside uji to the plates, and the  "Paeo between is filled in with sawdust. Tho chc.iicst form of roof is  mado of inch boards with baltcn  pieces ovei the tiacks, and is sup-  1 ortod by tluee hoiif*ontnl stupes on  earh side laid across infteis The  lafteis aio scant'in,; beveled mill nailed togethet at the top and set into  or spi'.ed to tbe plates Half to  'vvo-tlnids of tlie middle of tlundije  is cut out, leivjlg an opening ���'! to  ."> inches'wide, whiih is toveied bv a  cap itviscd set ci ul inch's fiom the  loof, to pci mit of venlilalion, but  wide enough to prevent lain getting  in ,  Thc doois nie mode of a single  thickness of boaids, ca��e should how-  evei bo token to have tliem ti.ght, so  ns not to pei nut of cirtulation of  n-tr To make them more offcttno  tho space between the dooi nnd tlie  boaids    placed  on the inside of the  liV   N  . If iX  I v.oiulrr wait tln'v 10 dc 11   tlics   i'i I5I 1  nil 1I.1 -. (int  11,0 <>  ���Alien1 II'1 f.'<"'l 0 I iilv)  fe.'lln' cuius .1  trtiMlin' Itiuin/h tin   ulr,  I eun ulinobt t tsti- tin* clilci tint is pourlL  from the mill,  Sccni'* .ih tJuniKh  I  lit sr the rustle In the  i orn slioil s o 1  the hi I]  I  cm  swiii tn  ue   tlie puii'Mn8 glcnmur  vi lluw  on tlie giound.  Aud I'i'' blossoms of thc lim Ln hi at wiih  the bee8 u bivzln' round.  I wonilei if tin apples of the eld tree Io  tlie Kill'  line    In 111    mtlirri'd   vet-    Hoc   ilwim  used to ripen rather Inn ,  And, 1.11   wiil/, tuiw  i,oud Hit \   I s el, uud  ivlnt  InH of ju ee lliev   li id,  Anil the ftimll tint tlieie \\ is n>   wu���that  nlono 'ml mnke you glnd  Oh,  In  til,i   tn in   nut  wanli 1,  vvlicie the  colts kltk up and plav.  And  llie folks kicii  on  Ijilltim-  tli.it  the  Uud nln't fur awnv  ( wondci If Ilio thorn tree Is still s 11111II1I  In the line '  Where the old Brci  used to nib It   tcirln'  hun uui of 'ci  ulnIll',  Ami 1 womli'" if I lie lorn crib sti|l Is tl|>-  pln' to'ids the -\\cst. ���  As lt done \ Inn 1 wns out Wire think,n'  dty life the In st'  And the nlcl, licvoml  the inculow���s'poso  It's tlieie mnl ���*oln' still  Down brlwei'ii the lows of willows, past  thc olel red woolen mill.  svi.Mi ill liniisi- uiMrii-.li  dooi fiamc, to prevent sawdust 01  otlier pnc',ing ninteiial used ft 0111  falling out, tan be padded with slraw  when the house is lilled The iu-  eompan) ing figui e rcpi cscnts this  hnu^o and gives a good idea of its  method ot cniistiuiliiin The expense  of constiyrtingvtbo building above de-  smtud will doprnd largoh on the  io,t of matcnnl, but should not  exiccd 525 Often thcic aie wnsle  limliers 01 bonids aboul tb' faim  whiih can be made to nnswci veij  well To piotect the hoise fiom the  beating r.i)s uf the sun, it is best  built nndci tbr simile of n laige tiet  01 on lhe noith side of some laige  building Its etTettiveness in keep-/  ing ice will thi.s be gieatly mojas-  cd  Knrthworiii'f an ^nil Itenovntnrt,  Eaithwonns aie not'soil formers,  for thev nie seldom met with iu soils  that aio destitute of oiganit innttei  They nro simpl.v lenovalois, and, as  a wnter savs, the nthei lhe soil and  ihe moio it is manuiid tlio moie  numerous thej aie Then action ns  ��e>il fertili/cis consists m swallowing  caith, leaves or oiganic mnttei of nil  Kinds, tii turn ting it, converting it  nnd then electing it ovei the suiface  of iho fold In this wuy they very  soon effect i complete inversion of  the soil down to ,1 ceitnin depth, especially on ine.xlow land vvhieh is left  iindi-luibe'l to their opcialiin Thoy  even make additions to the'soil by  limgihg up fiesh maltei fiom the  subsoil Id civ tune n wot in is dnv-  en. bv diy wenther or nnv othei cause  to dcsiend deep it brings to (he surface and empdis (he contents of its  liodv, a few pai titles of fiesh earth  At the saJne time it feitili/cs the subsoil-by-opening up ���p.is.sa'ges���whiih  encoiunge the mots of plants lo penetrate clcjpei, those p.issnces being  litiful witli cxcicled niattei which pio-  videsia stoic of noiiiishmcnt foi the  roots, On meadow latrl Dm win  found j-liose woim casts airnunt nn-  uiiivll)' to eighteen lo"s pn acie and  on good ntable land lo about tin  tons���A moi ic a 11  Fcitili/ei  I wonder if thev eier, as thev're workln*  on out there,  Get to thlnkln' of where I am���wonder if  thev ever care' <  Oh, I fi'po.ie the old sprlnc hubbies just .is  cool and Just us clear  As It used to 'fore I ever dreamt of coin-  in' way up hue,  And the path Uow u froni thc Mtchi u,  s'posc It's there the siim* todn.  Anil wore down in, smooth and bare is  though I'd mvoi  come awnv  I wonder If they ever notice mv   Initials  where,  Long iso,  I  cut 'tin Into all  thc    stable  doora out these"  tnd J nondu   whin thev   see   i in If t'm  ever think of nio  And would   like   to   ��fe me    h'tl.    tb ie  vi hero the wind s a blew In' frre,  Where the lticlt n nuti eoine tiiuiblln' wi h  n rattle fioin the llnili.  And the IfOnl s still  111.11   the  people "'il  thi}   slill  In Hole ln  Ilim"  'itft'fr.i'fS-t, 1  "><,'-/�������� v-v"  /'���fir il V   lifV-. is-    t*' I A". ', ���  -ft  '    '.-.*������- J,    . c  1      t f'.A   1    '  -'"v,  i", .-.If-J- <-\]  niopli s tmnln' rrd  Just as though  I'd never lift   there  whh  big no Inn,, lit mv held,  And the iovvs   I'll   bet  ���'��  w.nUu    to  the  middle oC the streiim  And stand tlicio   Mini of solemn   iml look  fur aw n  and ilit'.iui  Xot a thing luis stopped  nut   joinltr just  because I  left one dm,  And If I'd go buck the i.t.v'el never Lnow  l'd heen aw av.  The deadly enemy  of giasshoppers ; in,' pump vvhieh is provided vvilh an  "    " ' air   chnmbci   should throw a ste.ulv  sticam of water, nnd, that is,( that  the water flowing in foi ees the nlr  upwards,    thn 1 air   in  the chambci  and othei liisctt posts,, according to  Field and Farm, Is the plum domestic turkey, whiih farmers, sugar beet  of oui nops draw" the greatest pait 'growers and fruit cultunsts all over  of then food fiom the surface soil, Colorado are now mising and tu infer, wliilc some roots of most plants ing.into tho, Holds and oithnrds to  penetrate to a considein^ilc depth,1 eat thqjnsepis. The^tuikey as a bug  most roots of all plants arc ncar,tho" k'ille^ is creating a good deal of in-  Burfaie Plants of neaily all desctip- teiest' in all sections, nnd turkey!  tlons ' tin iv 0 best where the surfaco eggs for hatching havt been much in pip*. ��� TV. A  soil is    mellow aad nth in huanig,   demand.   ' **��� -* ���--  IVlien to l'low.  forces the water back again, nnd bv  thjs back^vaid -and forward motion  of ths air,and,'water, (it causes* a  steady stream " of > water to flow-  through the discharge or dolivery  pip*. ��� W. A. Ifun.iy, In domestic  Ejifrinccriujf.  In eveiy soil tlieie is an exact condition of moistuie at whiih pic best  tilth will be seen led by plowing As  a rule, for general piactico this condition can be approximately determined by squeezing thc soil in the  hand. After squeezing thc soil should  hold its form but at the same time  crumble easily to pieces and not be  ���ticky. ���  Tlie Mun Villo KtiiiWH IHh sltliih*.  Tlio man thnt knows Ms shiuhs  will nlso be aw aie of the fuel that  not all slu ubs should be primal at  thc same tune, .mil be will ait n<-  toidingly lie will pi line Ins hvd-  rangeas, althens, etc, dining tlio  winter 01 in eaily spilng and lus  forsytlnns and cei lain spnaeas, etc,  just after they at to thiough blooming. Whatever sliinb you pi tine, a  safe method of piocccding is to ie-  inovo (list all the (lend wood, then  all bianihes that noss ench other,  nud then if (heie is 11101 e wood 10  spare icmovc the pooio��t and least  dcsnublo.  Rtenni In tlio D11I1-3. >  Smco tho advent all, thc cream  separator, wliich is usually driven by  stoam pojver, stcaiji has been used to  clean all the'utensils in the dairy.  Not only is it cflkjient for this'purpose, but as a geim destrojer thero  is nothing better because it ,* pene-  tiates to tho bottom of the seams"  and beats the metal to such a degree  as to kill dnngeipus germs.  l'uriniiit *sl oulil Finn Uoilc,  Misti,.' es in fanning aie oftin cosily Wo should 'cu 11' to avoid them  by plnnn'iig work c.infullv I made  a mistake in not kiepnur .ill the  siock. mv fain, would smpoit, instead of selling hav and j,i,iin The  fcitilitv of th^ soil was not 1 ept up.  but was stianilv clojili'��� il 1 hid  too muih nuclei the plow moie than  to.ild bepiopeilv feitilued at reseeil-  mg Tlio same laud was plowed too-  many years in succession bcioic re-  sccding Instead of raising eoinantt  potatoes for m.ul.et (hey -.houlcl have  been fed on the farm O'd pastuics,  practicallv run out, should have been  plowed, fertilized and nseedid I  did not give neai enough 1ult1v.it 1011  to ciops ilm ing penods of eb ought  In diy penods iiiKivistion should bo*  most tlioiough Plenty of ��in,ill  fiuit sliould be raised foi home use  and mtvket Oi owing clovci nnd  plowing under to build up the    soil  lmve been    found essential on_ my-  f.um for its lest wclfaic I kept  scrub s'totk too long The time it  past when 1 hoi c is piofit in anj thing  but carefully sclectid nmm.ils--K S.  Parr in Farm and Home  Stoinnch Uorms In sin.pp,  Piofcssoi V L Cailislc of the Wisconsin expei imoht sladon in Ins Ice -  (uio on "The Pioduilion mil .ludg-  ing of Sheep" at Iho C'ruduulo Silmol  of Agiicultuie, sold .'A ('niimn t.n-  mer of Wisconsin, aiciclentally 1 ebs-  covetrd what so fai in mv cxpci 1-  niculs has been both n picvenlivu  and spicilic for lhe stmiuieh wunu,  wilh no bnd icsults The leimd' Is  this Finely pulvoibed to'iiano mixed wilh salt and !.([>( befoie iliem ull  the I lino as a pievent Uc As a spe-  tilli two tablcs| ouniiils ovmh dis-  tnbiited tluoti(.h two pounds of  grain pei tin)' This will be suill-  cienl foi  two to foui slit op " ,  Wc have no light to question the  tiuth of tlie statement so far as  Pioiessoi Cailisle's own exiKTicnie  goes, but would advise shepheicls nnd  flock-niasteis to go slow at Inst Wo .  do know that cuicd tobacco will kill  cattlo and ulso that'they will cat it,  all rcpoi ts to the contrary���National Stockman and Faiinei     ,' ,  1   Mlxlnff-Solid and.I.liiiild Munnreii.i  It has becn^jTound that thc application of a mixture of solid and liquid  manures gives much bettei results  than when they ore applied sinsly.  J  I      "r  5 *  a*  ��'*?l  ���II*  7 !  a% 1  *ij  ia  1  fi  't  Hi  11 s  V  I  ^1  I  i'  ' I  >l  li  . il-l  'i-<9  11  ' 1 I  I  t  Iii  V\t  '1 s1-sax,'ij i��ifc3acw.i.*wjT*r*iisajr^i*j��*V,*��  TIIK INDKI'KNOEM,  SATUUDAtf r.NOVKMIirH   29. ;Si03  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY IN  THB IN-  TH1UBTS OF THE MASSES  BV  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMKNT      OP      FLACK      HLOCK,  J1A8T1NGS STItliUT.  VANCOUVER, 11. U.  BUHSCHII'TIONS   IN   ADVANCl**.  A wick, ft ci'iuh: mouth, l-' iciiis, iiiii*,  months. It,* ecnt'i: xtx iiinnilin. 1V1 reni*.  ono yen r, H 25.  ENDOHSU.D HY THE TRADES AND  LAllOU COUNCIL, THE VANCOU-  VKK I.AHOH PARTY AND THi)  UUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  rncnt of the day and, of, course, the worth the money. However, when the  pioniiiicub chiuactcis, aro oither villuins hill was presented tho hoard refused to  or licioc'b uicoieling as  it fcuits  the po-  The Independent can always be had  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY  .NOVKMIII'lt   '2'. I'J'i'J  F.DUCATK.N'  \.\-[)    Tin;  QUESTION.  LA HOR  Wc lmve hun nski-il why it is Hint  tho gieat hml) oi vvorkuigiiii'a cenitiuiic  1o bo nolll n^ limle llum lllijccl vv.iiji'-  slaves, lhat is, ihey continue to live  from hand to "iioiith .ill then lues, mnl  when thev ijet too nhl to wmk must  either In- suppoitisl liy llieii n'liitives oi |  be a iM.ii'-'n on thiiiitiihlc institutions'.  We aiisVM'i tli.it tlml is just the ques-  tion pu//luig the 11111111., ul oui. iitilest  aulhontiis on }iolil.ic.iil eionoiiiv to-ilny.  To oui uiniil theiu nie seveml masons  lor this sud elnte in nlUiils, anil the  pniiciu'l iihc is the lack of I'lliiculion  on the pidlie'i lines. When we -.pc'iik ul  cilucoUon Hi. ito not iiii'Uu nltiigetlici j  liook lenrii'iig, liccniise a hook-leui ni'el  fool, finin i,in i'\|iiiience, is llu* niosi  dnngcioiis, in pci hups on lie othei  iMllll,   the   must   iislIl'ss   iiiiIiv lllllul   illliig-  iiiiiIiIl', ami is nii'i'i.illv alwn.vs a lly on  thu wheel in pinnies-- Tlie llimk-  2,'umci! u.c'n ul piiiitic.il iiiinnuin .sense,  those  who     "knnev nnn    ��ii*   loo   lew  -unions  lbs*  vv oi kiutrnu n,   nml   when   the.v  IH mil policy or fnilh ol the dny. Other  lili'iittmc i.s icl*-o "iinltoieil" to nnsle.iil  the   111111(1*5  of   the jouag.  Ilm the   gicnic'si  ihcugcr of nil  is the  *.iitisnli/e(l   ]iie.ss   ot   the   wholo   uvih/.cil  win In.     'll.cii.   is  no  such      thlrif;  ns     a  "Hie puss."     It   is u myth.  Nuttf-pnpe'ls  Hie   inn   us   liusiui***s   ve'iillllis' unit  gelier-  ally  chiiinpieiiis  ol   llii'M*    who    Mipporl  rln lu     I hut   Is   tin*   ic.n-uii  nl   nu  elcLllun  linie  wh.v   wm kii,en  ��o  In  tltnvch  to  the  pell*- niul line ivl;iiiiisi the vv e,i kinguieirs  iiiuiriiinlcs I'lsl t)ccuu,e   lhe   paid   iiigiuiH  of   llie   nllii'l*   iclluws   uiiiiciui   lhi-iu      in  theli*  "lionesi"   opiuioiis      llniilly     one  vvoi kiin;iuiin   lu   eveiy  htinilied   icails    a  luheii   pnpiu.  hue  ihu      tpcnl    inajouty  lend the ilaily papei.s vvhoi-e inlcicstM ate  nlun.vs   lluisu  nl   the  ctipllullst   null  uot  thi'ii   own.   I luy   lull  lu *-ce thut,  hi chum*  tln'.l   ilon't  mnl   the  oehci   Mile.   In     the  Umli'il  stales   theie nu*  lililntieiN  ol   In-  hol    pnjieis   .mil   .seven   lu   Ciinnthi.   Anil  In*   it   sniil   to   Ihu  pitying   ilisgiaiu     oi  Jnlioi  lh.it iheie is not one oi lhe vvhote  lot   Iml   is   a   uusei.iljte  sliuvbng.      Yes,  llu   pic^s is mi eilucatol, anil null) vvoik-  ingi'ien   lenin   thut   lesson   null     supiioit  then   picss and   builil  it  up,   Ihey     will  lelnalu   the   incy   ol   tl usls   nllti   iuouo[io-  lisLh,      L'nlleilively   ilu'J   me   to   hluiuc  ior llti'ii    ilwiiiI   position���in   millions   uf  uojis,  no   hellei   oil   than  thu  heasls     of  l>uitlc.n���hut   mil.viilually   Ihey  aie     not,  hcuui-.c  they  mean   lo elo  light but  aie  Kepi  in  thu it.n I,     by   piessuig      cucllin-  .sttinci'f, null   Itus  piussiuu is lolletl  upon  them   by   thu   siibsiili/uil   *-o-cnlleil   "nee  picss "  'the   (picslion  ol   suppoi ting     the  l.ilioi   puss must be tnken up sooner   tu  Intel   by   the   laboi   bodies  all  over     tlle  cuutine'iil      I 'iltiinliuu   is   lhe  question ol  llui  hum.  pay it. anil ihu council Mccuicil to set-  tlu it. And now* they aie at It like  cats nml  dogs.  Dun Mann together with Col. Trior  formed a new- cabinet at Victoila last  week, 'lhe Caiiuilinii Northern Job will  now  he put lluoiiidi with expedition.  Willi a ttommion eleclioii hi sight, a  new niy I'ouuril to he elected anil the  uui'linc of lhe pioviuclitl Icgl-slutum not  veij lm ilisiivut tin* winlcr'H (iilciliiln-  uii'iil  piiiiiiisi'i to  be good.  Tlie Progressive party- at Kaiuliiapx  will unci /weekly aiid ilehatu the plal-  fiiini uilopinl in imivi'iitlon Init A|uil  nt that plnce. l.mlios will lie Invited  to iilleiitl the mc-c'tliiKs. The unity l��  In  a healthy I'onibtion.  I  A inyal Lninnnssion nus uppninUd  Inst niiilrr tu iiiwkLikuU- cluugcs ol  toimptmn nKiihist Hits Dunsmuir go  etn-ncnt in conncctmn with the Cuiutil-  ntii NoitluTii job WIiiiIumm* U-iume,  ve \\ one u>r, of Coin in isMomir Wnlkum's  n-pni LV  LicenMi Conimi^sioiiL-r Tuyjftr whi-n  nsked liy Thu Iiukiiienilunt the otliei day  uluil lit1 uoulri (to with thi- one miIooii  Iiu'iim.', if his motion to knock them nil  out luit��� one i>usswl, he inomplly ie-  plu-d "1 thmU thu city Hlioulri' take up  thu s'nglp license uml rwn the Million it-  hi-lf Thih would he initiating tho giand  jinnuplu  of  public  ouiiuihhip."  ,lo  pin  lhe   li.inii*  ���onduuxoi^  'as .slu1 J-. pi.iLlisi.(l b\ pnui'iiMl  ticians .ind Lupilalists"���dm-c llv  mlciCbts   of   uoikingmen   tlii'instilvob,  oi   politns���  poli-  ii   the  the  Jiiltcr iii��' nlwa>s tlu lust io lose con-  JidencL in ihi'ii leadi'it. and. of couise,  the "kniln ^" i ioicss is usnrli'd to.  And llMt is whv iL.idui aituic lradei,  .some oi flu* mihli-st men thut twi lived,  jn the lubni nioM-iiu'ia go down into  oblivion 'I ha- i*�� a --I inline assn tion  to mal.i'i >ou --.in ^s b��t it is a  i.ict lieu i tlide"'s nnd is tin* icsult oi  the WU ni fdu. unoii     on      thi*    iuoik-i  IllK'h.  Clnldien  go  to  sihool -un!   aie  taught  that   it   is   a      gie.il   honoi   ioi   men     to  -obtain  hi uli ol-u.*   and -.onu1 oi  iliewijist  jnstaN   llMt   cm'i   Ii.hI   ,ih-   looked   upon  by  the  new   m'li.-irlHiii  as .deals and iiilii--  to  bow   to    uluil   tni'\   should   he taught  to   do   iln*   '-''lY   M'Wi-u.     'Ihey  grow   up  thiib ti a in.(l and  st.nt out in   hie  lo get  aichob,   ii-giiidksh   lio\.*      they    me     got .  They   think   it  is  all   light   to   got   thoni,  no   mattei     the     tonsi'ijuente   to   nth< is t  Two   >oiing   men   stait  out   in   life      to-  j^i'tlmi -rone   goes   into   the   olbu*   ol   his  father  wheie he is taught  to  sipiee/e the  workmen, and the other  becomes anoik-  i  man.     'J hey  hold   the  smut-  \ie\\s  about  getting   money   and   nie  satished       that  tho pumnplc  they  adojit  of getting   it ls  ^ound.     The   young   ineLhanic       in   time  301ns   a   union"  and   in   the       discusi-ioiis  which take place    theie   his   eyes      aie  opened  to   the   injustice he  and  his     fel-  low-woikmen  are sailTeiing,  nnd ho ii^����>  in ie\olt ntra-nbt hib old schoolmatu antl  is   'J^thaigeri.   This   strikes   tenor   into  the othei   wnikinen who will continue to  tolcmto  thu  ticatment    ncconled     them  by   then   employers,   rather     than    lo^c  LtK. .\l'lNNi:S (JAMUDATUJti:.  I��i MlIiiiivs has .iniioini_.eil his inten-  t ton of umiist-ng Km lain innsutucu.y  :il the loi Lluoniing liy-eleetlou A pail  110111 a possible coiisei \att\e candidate  it had been Mi,-posed lhat the umtest  would naiiow down'to a stiuggle uu  -upii-mai-y In'tweeu tthni is populm l>  Known as the Ki.ll> mid the Maittnliu-  tioiis 01 iIil libeial piut.\. 'lhe piusenm  o. .ui independent in the field, who ,u'i-  iniiilv bus the loiiIuIuiiCu anil esUem of  who at the .miimi time does.not'|iesitate  rto .iHin-k Lhe Lnm let go^ei ninuiit foi its  a huge bodv ol libeials^uid otheis, nnd  laduic to keip its pledges on the (Jhin-  t su and otJiui i|iiesinji_s nib'Lting lhe  west, has luiisiduiiihly upset the laUij-  lalions of the loi.il "iiuiLlune " J)i -Ml-  1'iiies i.,is twiLt eleUed ioi this distnct  a* an imk-|n ndent���beliiiu Iheie \<wis uny  i ity ui \ miujiiu-i He wns the only  j.iitish l oiumb.a memliui who mug'it  agaiusi uiuiij; the loieslniie oi this city  lo thi 1 1' II - to whn.li lie niy "s  nuw ti \ mil in lhe 1 oui ts to obtain iv*-  te-s hy tn*1 siin,t uids���,iinl who  opposed will: llomei* mid tioidon  tin.) IJiiiiMiiiin kind giain 011 \iiii<.oumi'  Islnnd. us tin nioids v ill *-ho\\ l>'.  Mclnius was thu liisi t<> jnake the esta'b-  i*-h 1111111 oi a I'annuiiiii imiil a question  01   piiuln.il   politics We   shall   await  w uli inteiest, as ��aU faii-iuinded folks  wiil ffo, nn e\piessfcion 01 bis \iews ��n  "Ine issues, * which hu was piomisei  -ome   tune  pu\l   week  Oiguni/ed labor, &s a gioat consolidated body, neces.sarily uicltK great power in speial and lndiistnal matteis' and  is capable ot u\ert.ng immense Influ-  ence in politics, if .ts \ote weie uvst  101 any pattieiilar object,.ot: measuie,  while the iinoiganl/ed labor is without  means of c.\piessing itself. It is nothing  more than a ^fist hapha/aid nggiega-  tion ot      indi\ itluulb ���New       Oi leans  Pica.Minu.  Blouses  I One hundred and Fifty  t Ladies' Cnslinicrc, Flan-  t nel,All��atrossandFrench  9 Flannel Blouses to be  1 offered Saturday rcgard-  j less of cost. These  * Mouses are all fi no goods,  j good fitting, nicely triin-  J nied, plain and fancy  j patterns.  t Special Price  j Saturday $2.50  Our clothing lias niail�� 41-,n.'|iiitaOlAn   for  itwlf fn  tho  City .lurini  the pafct  thirteen years,  ui> our rupiilly-liu-ieMSlinr sales    will    teMlfy.     This season  they  have exraxleil  nil  our i*\|iectntlons.'niul   wo'ha\o hnd  to repeat, many lines    o'  mills and oM'rcoutH t���� or three tliiua.   Tulloy  wo  have o|ii*neO  up  a henutllul  rmi(?e o- nun's aults nnd  o\erroata  ilia do ol tho latent tjiaden |n iiniiorted wor-  hteila and t��ec��li>.    'Ihey nre shown in the    very  latent cut, Hiugle-lireasted s��c-  i|iie,  with the slant sido and  breast 110c Icetn,D and   double-hi easted   sii<X|ur.   two  liuttoim. *   AIm>   Ihu  i��\crt ond  medium   length   4>vcrcont��    whlrli   have   become    ,  so popular in  the lnrRo rilioH.    IIicmo sarnient* are hiKh-^la-m nud  tit perfectly.  They  nre wry   inoilerntely  pricctl,   when you consider they uro the initial of th��   '  IkwI  tiillored   (Oiriiients   In   Cnnuila.   $13  t<j t'20.  "llnil  uiiliTH   i��el\o  tho suiiiu cnrclul attintlon as it you were present.  CLUSIB   &   STEWART,  TkujI'homk 702 309 to 3lo Hastin(is St. W.  170   Cordova    St.,    Vancouver.  We reach wherever the malls  reach.  ���  9^..-.-4)^......4)i>-..,.-ty9'-.'99,"99  Patronize the  Blue Label  BRANDS"^  J'loin wiui I we Know 01 lion Hennis  Muipli.v, the lieu luiinstei, he is**a hil|;lit  mnn and mt.v |io|nil:ir in his own tun-  siiLueney, wlin.li (.oiitnin** some ">00 ot*  Ii0(> xtiU'is. *imni]{> wlioin is 11 lulge niim-  bi'i ol iiLill'oit'l iiK'n. 'I'o u^i* 1111 ofl-  ipioU'd phin**e ;'ilu*.v suwai by liun." lt  was Iio who nuseil the stiong piotest  ,ii;.iiiist the irn\eiiiineiil .ippo.ntuii; spi'w-  11I police ut the tune ol the O- 1*. 11.  milkmen's stuke lloweM'i, wo think  he is woitlin;i ol 11 nobler uuiso thun  joining   the  I'l 101   ininistiy.  WhuL's  Ihu  iniittei   \Mtli  Chus  itiiiiiinir fo:   thu luminous'1  Full'.-  'Ihe n>oiiiiii^ oiiuli' uii tl"s eiLy is\eiy  iiiili^litint al the loi illation of tho nuw*  eoahtion goM'inment nt Vntoria. lt is  too bud it is nol 111 on the deal itself  wheiohy Dun and 11111 will get six  eight millions of notes of laud.  In the sliullle at Vntoria it is not unlikely thai Cuitis, .Mai tin und MoHrulo  will he pulling togethei. Thev like u>c  tinothei just u}>out a't inueh as a eat likes  hot soap. They'll spit at each other on  their positions, because they believe in Um 1(,ast I)r���,ocat|()Ili 1)ut jllst t,���. sa���1(,  the principlo that 1IU1 men aio great t|||,y,n glV(, t|((, j,, |()1 IIllnll,t,y a )lol  i��id~greiriTresinnust"be~houoied,"or      '  old   tune.  othor words, they are horo worshippers,  and blind to their own   ntcresti, and in      Tim  "push'  tho struggle nl life continue lo  worship   |||nnry   affairs  contiol  of  civic     and  aio   a   lino,   robust  lot���  the almighty dolluy rather ll an to live   inti'llectually. wo'ilon't think.  Chairman  Ms they'should jMcfluigan.   of   the   libi'uiy   board,   he  it  Tho   historioi,   taught   In   tho   schooW   suid to his credit,  bought a job lot    of  aro   generally supervised  ISy the govern-   books   thu   other  duy  which   wuro     well  'IIIOREY'S . elebr .lion of the 3rd Anniversary of opening of new store on Monday  and Tuesday lst and 2nd of December.  See daily papers for full particulars.  Tbe Jewelter and  Diamond Merchant     |  J cor: aeAN.viLLE and Hastings streets. a  J     OSIelal Wmteb Inspector ot the C. P. B. 9  &i��&]9994\*i99*90.9&9999'&99&9&+9999i4}4P99i99>  'I hi* new iijigiegntioii nt V11 tin in, c\-  lepling 111 two insliiuiL's. is h.udly an  iinpioM'iiicnt o\ei the old one. Uim���  1111111, lo 0111 wav ul thinking, was gie-  li'inlili Lu Cut I'i un . hei.ill'c llii'n you  KiiL'i.- w 'loin Mill uuie d".iling w ilh. T'll-  lv ' Mi 11 11. s und --1U nny" Minphv huw al  w.iys lain tt'lliiiK to do a good 1,11111 101  lilioi .mil mdging fiom then past iis.-  oiils ihev -liniilil I e, "iinniN nt unlit,'  thoiigh wi-dnn'l tliinl*. ihey enn do iiimh  Iheie il w 01 kinginei. won't eleit then  own ii'juesi'jilulnes they must do the  next best lli.ng nnd depend 1111 then  11 lends, though this at best is hut  pool   policy.  WHAT'S THE USE  of hurrying about buying Lifo Insurance no tnnny men think and nny. At  lenst two Hliong reasons-are: Oo oil health In uncertain; increased cost- in  certain.   What's  the uxe of waiting might better be said I  UNION MUTUAL   POLICIES  nmy bo depended upon to'protect throughout tho varying cxiiericnccs    of  huiiiun life, to faithfully guard tbo interests    of the    innured, and  to be  promptly eimlied when they becoino payable.    Values.and privileges abound  and   nro   conveniently   available.   Detailed facto gladly furnished.  After throe years tlio Union Mutual Tolicles do not become void by failure  to pay premiums, the Main Non-Forfeiture* Law" without action of tlie  1'ollcy-holder, continuing tho Insurance for a S[>ociOod length of time.    '  Uniosi'Mutual Life Insurance-Co  PORTLAND/MAINE. . Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plane  Head Office : 419 Hastings St.'W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  COUN CAM15IION, S|M>ciaI  Agent.  ft  -��  <>  o  o  o  o  t>  it  o  n  i\  1'  vi  !  �����������������������*�������������������������� ������������*���������� �����������������������<')  Cigar Factory  NLW WESTMINSTER.  Of lhe two men l'noi is moie popular  in the prowme llum r.hurts, but tho  latlei is the -stiong mnn in the new go\-  eiiiixi'iil. Kheils is a b.tter o|i|>ouent ol  luhoi, and he is to be feared by it. Obe  ol the most .liundish aits in tills connection he e\er peipctitiled was when he  appointed iu l'.ll'L lion T. Id Haily, of  'liosbhuiil, who ����s at lhat tune attoi-  nev 'oi tho Lo Hoi ,Miuuig company,  irown iirosccutoi iu tho fan,ous striku  lases ol 'J'. II. nouniish and Joe'Cales-  tio, who weie (.oimctcd to two months  in mil 'ihu piesiding aiagistiutu was  one lloiiltbee, -aiiolher ol .Klieits' al>-  pointei'S J*'.heits is'a perlect devil so far  as  Jailor  mutters go  l. ti. ot K. c.  I'lesident ilea,   l'jslos, of the llrolher-  hood, has been most successful-iii liis  organisation work in forming a division  ol about you stronB wind, luial body  will bo known as Vuinouver Division,  No. 81. of tho U. 11. It. K. On Thursday night Ull row* ineiiibiirK weie initiated, llr. Mstes intends staying hero (tor  soiiiii time mid r.o duiiht hu will address  a mass meeting ol workingmen nhortly.  No.^t week we will publish a sketih of  Ihis new  tullwuy  niganl/atlon.  KAMLOOl-N I'ltOtiHKSKIVKS.  Tliu'I'. 1*. I*. held a luvuly uiiiotlng  lust week at Katnloops. Air. A. Thompson disciisHing the taxation of la��d  values Mild lhat a ruieuuu litui to lomu  fiom soiuewlieiu; good governini'iit tle-^  iiiiumIh that we have reviniu*' Niilhclent  lo carry on public works, uiliiiinistor  Justlie, etc. There are only three souicim  of wealth*���land, l.ilxir and ciipllnl���  therefoto revenue hns to come 'out ot  some or all of these. A horse might bo  burdened very ninth with a badly nd-1  justed load,, it was tho same with tho  state, he claimed that many tiiiu-K the  present revenue of thc province could.be  better homo K it was levied on land  values  instead of upon     labor and    its  pioducts as it is at piesent largely  uiised. Turning lo llie application of  this tax he beliowd it should be done  giadunlly us culled lor, nnd uilvocated a  iu\ of 1 per lent., as a beginning, uii-  oil twill SI.000 woith of real estate,  tout mine's' mid fitinihiscs m lhe piov-  inie lie billeii'd this would * neaily  iniiUc up the iiici'*asu!.v it'M'iiue anil  would gieally iclieio laboi 'and im-  ]ii't>\euii*nls frouiN their piesent heavy  ta\i*s lie deel.neil that wl.eie the laud  was fnc the people weie flee, that whole  land wus monopolized it was not piolit-  .ible ior huge' employeis ta linpoit  IJh'nese ot any seivile lace, theio lahol  would be li'diui'd to the \eige'of starvation nud willing to woik foi ics _kccp.  'I heiefoie, set fiee the land amd emanii-  p.ilu the woiKeis.  N ;       "'  louai. I'ltoiini'ifc.sivr.s.  J'ollowmg is the piograniuie diawn up  by. thu local pi'ogiessive p.nty foi the  wintei   season '  Uee. 3 lib ���Lectino b.v ox-Lieutenant-  l.'ovc'inoi jMilniies on '"Thu Nationalisation ol 1'iililK. Utilities iu Australasia,  and iiow the Asiatic dui'Stioil wan Disposed  of   in   Anstiulas n '  ���luuiiaiy hib���Lrctuiu by Hev Dr.  til an I on  "'llp-to-D.ite  llionoinies "  .JanUai.v Iiiild���Address by Mr.. J. O.  Drown, of New Westmnistei  on "Politics  and  (fovcinmcnt." '  1 ebruaiy illlh.���Addic* by Mr.  llulpli Suiilh, M. It, on 'Labor (Question.'' ~ y  Jlaich l'Jth.-4'iesiileiit Chris Koley  will speak on "The 1'ingiessive J'arty���  Ils  Anns and  Oojects." *  'the Committee was instructed to arrange,���!f_possible,-with^llev -Mr,_UoW  nifin, who lectured heru about two  ycurs ago, on "Christ and Labor," to*  give u course of six lectures, extending  over a vvuek, under the ]iatronnge of tho  progiessivo paity. {J arranged, it is  proposed that the' pnee of admission  will hu tl fm the couise, or '23 cents  for each lecture.  and   in  return  is  only spending    about  -10  per tent    of  that  income  hero    and  that tliu provinies of  Ontario an<l Que-,  bee uie thus being built up by tho excess  revenueM of this province.    It can, tliero-  foie, well ufloid a bonus and also a readjustment of. thu tariff on .mining buji-  plies     Mr. Curt.s went on to point out  that the great bulk  of thai revenue    is  derived from thu mining industry is not  pioperly  appieciatcd  at  Ottawa for     it  is capable ol increasing, if propoi ly fos-  teieil,    far    beyond  its present devcloii-  ment     It will take the lead in  I'anuda.  Jt is on tho basis of other employments  and .should,  theiefoic,  he fostered.    Owing, ^ however,   to   the action* taken      by  tl'.u Amcriuiii Smeller Trust tbe produo-  tion    of  the    lend .mines  has  fallen   off  during the past year-oi   so "and  should  Viow  bu (ncuui aged      Another faitor   in  the   uiatt-cr    is     the contiol of Mexican  mines    hy     the     Amcnian   miners   who,  however,  aie only  paying the peon  labor'of that country "about one sixth of  that which is  paid  to the miner of the  Siocan.    All  ol   this culled for the attention of  the government      The     con-  ���sumplint,   of   lead   in   the   Canadian   luii,*-  kot is less than  the pioiluition nnd  it  will  bo  well   if  the  consumption   can   be  nii'idiscd.     'fills   might   bo   done   if   tho  manufaituio  < of    pioducLs of  lead  aie  stimulated    hy tbe imposition of a taiifl.  This,  however, is not to  be reguided as  a  sop   to   llu*   miiie-ownei,   hut   as  working  in  the geneial   benellt of' Canada.  -^P. O. B.���VANCOUVER AERIE. No. t,.  meets Wednesday evenings; visklog-  brethren welcome.,, Bert Parsons, W.  P.: J. Q. Urer,W. S., Arcade.  Meeting;.  THERE IS-  of Fire. or Injur*'  Health when you us<*  the    -  Al'XIUAUY, fN'O I. LOCAL 2111,.I. It.  13. W. Telephone Oiwrators���Tresiilent,  Miss'.l. Hunter, Sl'J Homer .Strocli, viic-  piesiiient. Miss P. Liv ingtilouc. (illO  Olunville Street; ���' r<'ioi(liiig"siiiiit*ary  Miss .1. lllowne, 827 Ilithnrds Street;  trciisuier, Miss 10. lientley. 1121 Seymour  fstrret.  PHONE I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of work In this line promptly attended to.  CUHT1S ON Till*- LUAD QUKHTION.  Itegardlng llie lmvosllion of a tend tur-  ilf und Uie giaiiting of a bonus to tlie  lead jirodiicen���the burning (jiittHtion of  thu intei lor mining district*���Jlr. Smith  Ourtiii, .M. ]'. 1'., says thut thu mjnor  should hu paid a bonus of ST.ol) a ton  ou uveiy ton of mutiillic lead und zinc  hu sends lo Caiiudiun snielters. He also advocates a reduction of the tarin  upon mining supplied and anks for^^an  cxiiert inquiry Into tho conditions of  lead milling und smelling wllh reference  also 'to thu transportiitloa churges. lie  also 'favors nn Imposition of a revonuu  turii; upon li'ud and leud products so as  to placo thesu on a parity with other  Cnnndinn productions. Nr. Curtis  points out that tliu Dominion government Is enjoying a yearly revenue from  this  pioviucu iif close on to   .4,000.000  | :   GEO. HAY   : %  A Vnnrnuver's    I'lnnStr    Clolhcf-     A  J ReiKivHtor, in��keB ��  suit new.      ���  T Dyeing .and Repairing. X  V 216 CAMBIE 8T., VANCnrVKB.   .         A  fnHB JWir n-*��li,i<i,boiiihflelil ana  fruits thin lfl����<l *--olllerl�� '  Meamf -Oa^  and  House CoaB  ".     -1."  v. ���  01 ilo PoHowing Gnwlei:  Douiii�� tknened Lump,  ' Run off th* Mine,  Washed Nutaad '-J\  -   Bcre��atct|t��  8AHDEL M. ROBINS, Buperlnleodont.  KVAK8, COLEMAJ)' A EVANS, Ageatt,  Vancouver City, B.Q.  1  * T}ie   price ��� is  now  ��� -  such that almost ev-   ,  ,  erybody can afford it.. "  Once"  used,  always  "   <  used.   Apply at Of- .  fice of N ,  I'l. !li I It  LTD.  ����� i  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets."  ooQasoooeoooeooooeooeaeeao>  g    DELICIOUS WINE    |  g    Made Exclusively fhok B. G. Fkuit.    O  JJ   KKESHCUTKLOWERS   UNION-MAOB   O  g DOMhBTMJ tllGARS. <���'  8 When making n Irip around tbu,     <*  M      ��� I'ark call on O-  g w. v* t��u����:��    ughihiniMf    �����_  SO 900000aaOOOO*3Q000900SOO  \ and  PACIfIC  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES.  BEST SLKVKX  ���min.  * Transcdntlnental     Passenger  leaves dally at 14 o'clock.  Seattle and Whatcom Express leaven  dully ut 8:00 o'clock.  STEAMSIIIl'S  TO  .IAI*ATJ   ANI��  CMI-  .    NA.  KKI'ItEHS OP. CHINA  .  ...  \tV.K  1  I'Hl'ltl'lM.S Ol*' INDIA  ...  .  .. lift'.  a��  TAKTAll     .   ...IAN.  12  TO  HONOLULU,   VI.I I   USLAM.s  AMI  AUSTHALIA.  S.S.     AORANOI  S.S.  MOANA   ... .  MIOWKHE  ...' ...  ...   OKU 1*2  ...IAN'   ���'  . ..i'i:it. ��'  And every four ^yeekn ih-iciltrr.  For full particulars Be lu lime, i-it<-*._  etc.,,npply to  B.J..COYLH,       ,      JAB. Sv.'l. vTt It  A. G. f. A. Ticket .v.*   ,(��     ���     ,V��nQpuver, B  0.    ��_��� Miollnir^ Bt.  *   --,   \    "     '    ' ' V��n im, PC SATURDAY NOVEMBF.H   !���;>, 1��I02.  THE INDEPENDENT.  TT  'PHONE in.  P. O. BOX 3St.     ���  ���W. J. MicMILLAN & Co.,  it-.  Wholesale Agents foe  ITUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS |  n ��� '     ' '���  BfBAdHI  MONOGRAM,       !,  MABGUERITA, BOUQUET,  .    OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO.  - EL CONDOR,       . SARANTIZADQ3, SCHILLER,  UNION MADE CIGARETTES: KARNAK AND VICTORIA CROSSJ  Corner Alexander Btreet aud Columbia ATunue, -Vancouver, B. 0.  Reliable...  Union Hade  oots and Shoes  GO TO  B* MILLS, The Shoe Man.  MFTIVOOD.  o   ' * ,.  BY LUB VERNON.   ���    -  V  .(il'lecea *of individual opinion washed.'up  hy the tide, boomed, sawed, split and  piled /for .'the benefit dt paid-up' subscribers, also!-for tlioso who beg, borrow uJid"s*ea._ The Independent ln order thut Vihdy may read and.forget  their troubles for a I time at least and  enjoy a few. minutes whilo cataplng on  T-^artli. where so many peoplo are -willing to give you a kick and where     so  i:few offer to o\tcnd a'hclping hand.  Xiyy >^.-v:':-;i,8qme.Philosophy.. '���Jiy.  ...'V-Wo wonder and,ive wonder.*::; i A-yAAi  yy, .What's' ahead,!/' JI A; XjX ���;.���',',;,- ? yi Jiy  '.-'What we'll ie and how we'll so It,.' *.- *  ' Alii When -we're7 dead, J-iyii-jAi'AJyA.yi.i  y: If It's worth the.ivhiio,' or! worthless, ���;',;���' V-  ;iAFoulor.Iiiir'lAAyy:AJli X.Ay..y::-ii.: y  ���li. 'And vve vvouilor liovi* wcMl know.it. --,.  *i', When we're tliere. *,*;**.' j--.:" .-,'-������ "A '���[  ��� Xt.e ponder;and we, poiidor,*-; -; ;,   Jyiy .  ',';, \Vhiit;aid eomeiiAyiX:.y���".���':i'-X:.'. '"���'."  vAnd of all tho good about us . ijAJJ.  ;i^^e lira diiM:Al :A'.y:;i'AiyJ::";i'.;[���  ���"���'Vli'en we all .ii'ilgl'i the enjoying':.-.''.'-."'���} i  ���-:'���V Whnt isiierb' '[iJiilAi ������:��� ���iyf^Ayiyy  .; Wo are guessing If the future's iJAJll^lAi  yi r'u-U'.of fearV; li' * Ayy'l [AX'Jj 'i'iAXyi  Weworry and we worry; A-AnAi: 'AAJAi  ,;':*.;Over'fatoV yyAJJiJ':*���;'ili'Ay'Jy''yl"A  .'i.wiio.t-wo'U-'austt-^  ^KSoou^br,litte:':A'?V^-':;-:*V"^  y What's tiie uood io^iip'ss if "it be"��;V:V;;,'*V:  il. :S|iijiptli,6r rpugli??i'%-:Jff'.- *';:yXAJZj:X  ''Whiit'sShe use". :WeMi know the iinaiver:.  -'���: v Soon enough.* :':'::.U"* yA. iX:: yXli.- y.  ��� Wo wonder and wc,wond6i; < iiyyJJAJly:.'  A'f Iji' the diirk^' .'.;-Y,-j.;.".;'iX i'i Ajy-yfii'' ',  ; Anil wec'lin'twitli'..^  i:-yLt\iseJi\ipMlt:Xyii:y;yX,.-yiyyAy:, 'AAj  :'. Let us,'tiion,::cnjoy burll'ving; :';* V'A.- A 'A -',  :'*''.:Ere'*welilt^rVV^:7..'":'V'/'V AAyiiXyXly^  And,tho fuiufe, let.nsjnitko the host of 1 -  Now  A Disgrace  Unit Hits ,8lrike is over in sthc  ���Pennsylvania coal regions a Sew, lines  - "looking backward," as.it were, will not  " be out of place in our department.   One  must, pf course, understand _tliut  the  -.remarks are tlie individual opinions of  the writer.   Tlio spectacle of un Anieri-  .   can president,bugging J. Picrpont'Morgan, the <-(*ni"!('lial of plutocracy to end  by lii- piil|;iit-;;\\ords tlio greatest strike  - in ili.it country's'recent history, is the  most disgraceful affair that ever shamedi,  her people.   Whether Mr. Roosevelt's  -appeal failed "or succeeded in its purpose  -is not material.   For  in   the   United  States pol itii'alsfame is at stake and the  '��� working'peo'ple are supposed to bo fool-  ��� "ed *by the grand stand .play of party  leadersjuttbeforeelectiontime.   Nevertheless, the fact remains that Mr. Iioose-  * ��0Sov��9��s*e��s��0oeec��e��-  vclt, as chief executive of one of the  world's most powerful nations, and the  representative of a great political party,  has tacitly confessed that tliere  is   a  system of force in the United States,  superior to the law and those  charged  with its impartial execution.   Who is  this Morgan that one hears so much  about?   And of what meat docs he eat  that gives him the power to stop or start  tho wheels of progress' at his pleasure?  If this god of  wealth who resides in  America, with a handful of confederate  monopolists, can,* und docs' throttle industry,' control   courts,   starves    and  freezes iiaif a million persons, snubs thc  nation's chief magistrate and defies laws  which every poor man must obey at his  peril, is not such a mun a menance to  any country?   Why have not existing  statutes been   invoked   to   prevent  or  suppress the vast monopoly whobe rapacity has paralyzed business in the btates  from ocean.t,o bceiin!   If Judge Jackson  jailed miners and   tlieir   advisers   for  exercising tlio coiistitional rights of free  speech,  which the   United   States   i-o  proudly boast? of, and peacublc assembly,  why has there  not been at least civil  proceedings against unlawful  combinations whoso purpose is to rob the public  'by ruiiiOiis prices' and  their employers  by unfair wages!   If the  governor of  Pennsylvania was bribed or browbeaten  into M'luliug hia myrmidons of m.iniuiun  to shoot and  kill starving men  who=e  taxes pay every rulliaii tliat bore a gun,  ,wliy did not Huowvelt and his nian'ni-  kin Knox prosecute the nefarious combi-  nition of mine owners'*-1 Why, in short,  was all the legal machinery oftnostates  setin  motion  to. drive, the strikers'to  surrender nhi'ii not a  single penstroke  embarrated tlieeoal  magnates in  tlieir  work uf e\tortion and intimidation?   Is  it a crime for the honest toiler to demand holiest pay for honest work and  a  commendable policy for coal  kings to  raise tli�� price uf thoir product beyond  the mark of necessity or justice?   I twas  the fad in Chicago lor sons of wealthy  parents to liave fccarf-pins made of gold  with a lump of coal  for a, setting, and  wear tlie article in their ties.   Probably  the coal  kings   wanted" to   show   by  example the size lump of co.il  the poor  would  have to use this winter.   Who  knows?- Was it wrong, fori lhe miner  to dissinule another froni" taking   his  place and right for the operators to boycott dealers who sold anthracite for a  penny less than the price which thete  tyrants dictated? Let us frankly admit ��� The mnn wlio has nothing to boast of  l'orthesakcof the millionaire coal king ],ut his'illustriotia ancestry is liko a  that the miners did commit, breaches  pota'toe���the only good belonging to him  of the peace when they were bullied to   ja nnderjhc ground.   do sorby a'horde'of tliugs7~15ut~did~not  flection, was begotten by special privilege  and why.snouldit not continue in the  fruition of special privilege? How long  will this' imposition and oppression  endure? Just so long as sleek scoundrels  are permitted to bribe the people's venal  servants, so long ds courts* and legislatures and excutives are mere appurtenances to confederations of greed, so long  as bribers and bribetakers remain unpunished.  Women Doctors.  Here is a blow at the women doctors  in the states who think they're as good  as tlio men at anything or everything.  The North western University at Chicago  closed its women's medical school, and  seventy-one students have had to seek a  medical    education    elsewhere.   After  thirty-two yeurs' trial the trustees  of  the "University* say women are not   n  success as doctors, that there is no demand forV women physicians, and that  medical co-education is a failure.   The  scliool is   to   be,- abolished   and   .the  property   sold.   "We   have   run    the  womnn's medical scliool at a loss of .2'),-  000 a year," says Trustee Raymond  "Women cannot grasp chemical laboratory work, or the intricacies of surgery^"  Fifteen years ago the graduating class of  men and, women gave us a memorial  saying co-education'was a failure.   Then  we conducted the college exclusively for  women and it has been a worse failure."  Can this be true?   Wlien Sonya Kavalev-  sky could mastor the highest mathematics, and .Maria'Mitchell the intricacies  of astronony, is it possible that women  should fail to master; chemistry   and  surgery?   Why   cannot women master  chemical fbrmuhc, where she can carry  in her head for years a recipe for a cake  with fifty or a ssllad with twenty ingredients? * Why can't  the   hands   of  women that arc so soothing in nursing  and in dressing wounds be trained to.the  delicate needs of surgery?   They can cut  a dress out of a bolt of cloth according to  a diagram that no man can understand,  and it is strange that they can't yield  tho  knife in surgery  as   well  as thc  scssiors in dress cutting.   There may be  no demand for women physicians, and  this is probably true,   since   it   is   a  notorious fact that midwives are disappearing from the face of the land,- but  that should not prevent;! woman learning medicine and surgery if sbe sliould  set her mind to it.   That women are loo  tender-hearted to  be surgeons may  be  partially true, but we have a poet's word  lor it tliat women ��bom we love are  sometimes ,,crueler   than    "Jiatred   or  hunger or -death."   Tliere is no news in  s tying, that women   have,  in  many a  crisis, just as much sheer, cold nerve as  men, and so there is no absolute bar io  Llieir success in btirgery ou  that score.  If women cannot grasp chofnieal laboratory work,  huw is it that there have  been many women  wl^o have become  successful druggists?   Many of us have  had experiences in whicli we liave found  trained nurses to be capable of tbe tensest   strain   of   performing   a   surgical  operation.   Of course when an institution has tried for thirty-two years to make  .women doctors and  then concluded it  has been trying in vain, we must accept  the decision that it cannot  he done, as  the voice of experience.   Nevertheless,  tliere must be a reason  for it, and  the  world ivoiild like to know it.   Tliere are  women doctors, however,  iu nearly all  tlie great cities of the world.   Are they  9����9@��������0@9&909Go��989Gm@9Q��Q��@eftoft������@9Q��@9  9  9  0  0  9  0  THE RIGHT TO LABOR IN JOY.  '.)���  Out on the roads they have gathered, a hundred  thousand men,  To ask for a hold on life as sure as the hold of the  wolf in his den.  Their need lies close to tho quick of life as  the  earth lies close to the stono;  It is as meat to the slender rib, as  marrow to the  bone.  Tliey ask but the leave to labor, to toil in the endless night,  For a little salt to savor their bread,  for houses  water-tight.  They ask but the right to labor and to live by the  strength of their hands��� t  They have bodies like knotted oaks and patience' <f  like sea-sands. ������  ft  ���ft  9  9  9  ft  0  9  9  9  ts  Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AND  / Laibor' Council meets first and third-  Thursday ln each month, ait 7:JO p. m.  President, W. 3. Lamrlot; vice-president,  F. J. Russell; secretary, T. H. Cross; financial secretary, 3. T. Lllley; treasurer,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms, C 1.  Salter; statistician, J. H. Browne.  right  to  And the right of a man to labor and  his  .. labor in joy���  Not all your laws can blot that right, nor the gates  of hell destroy.  For it came  with  the making of man and  was  kneaded into his bones, ' .  And it will stand at the last of things on  the  dust  of crumbled thrones.  ���Edwin Maj.kham, In N. Y. Journal.  SHIRT WAIST- AND LAUNDRY  WORKERS UNION. No. 105-Meet��  every 2nd and 4th Thursday ln each  month in Union Hall. PrcBWent, G. W.  Rowlands; corresponding secretary, H.  Alltree, 1027 RIchardB Street; tlnanclal  secretnry. Miss M. Whltmaa: treasurer.  Miss Jeolouse; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, G. XV. Rowlands, J. Har-  gle, XV. MoDermott and I. J. Colthart.  WA1TBRS AND WAITRESSES UNION,  Local No. 28. President, Charles Over;  vice-president, A. N. Herrington: secretary-treasurer, J. H. Perkins. Meeting  every Friday evening at 8.30 o'clock lu  Union Hall, cornor Homer and Dunsmulr  street*.  STREET RArLWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  "ach month In Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  nt S p. m. President, Robt. Brunt; vlce-  IH'i^lilent, Chas. Bennett; secretary, A.  fl. Perry, 33 7th Avenue; treasurer, F. C.  O'Brien; conductor, Ed. Manning: warden, A. J. Wilson; sentinel. J. Howes;  delegates to Trades and Labor Council!  C. Bennett, Robt. Brunt, Geo. Lenfesty,  A._J. Wilson and J. HoweS;   1 UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every*  seoond and fourth Wednesday ln Union  hall, room No.. 2. President, A. E. Coffin;  vice-president, Joseph Dixon; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin; tlnanclal secretary, J. M. Sinclair; treasurer.'J. Ferguson; conductor, G.Fingley; warden, G.  H. Blair; delegates to* the Trades and  Labor council, R. Macpherson, J. M.  Sinclair, Geo. Dobbin, Jos. Dixon, Geo.  Adams; delegates to the Building Trades  Council. M. McMullen, Levi C. DeWolfe.  a9*����e��a��9��O*Ae����9***e��*S00����e*oe��*9��a��O����o9eO  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, No.: 151.���  Meets the first and third Monday in each  month at 8 p. m., in Union hall, Homer  street. President, Robert Gray: financial  secretary, George '.-Nesbltt, 1207 Homer  street; recording secretary, D. Robinson,  box 31, Vancouver, B. C; delegates to  the Trades and Labor council, William  Latham, D. Robinson, R, Edwards,   TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113. W.  F.' M.. meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  m. In Forester's Hall, ,Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, J.  XV. Austin; secretary, Alfred Rapcr;  treasurer. A. G. Delghton: conductor,  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patterson.  ! Job Printing Done \  SOCIETY WORK 'A SPECIALTY.  Printing   Co'y  BASEMENT, FLACK BLOCK, VANCOUVER.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OS"  Electrical Workers, Vancouver Local,  No. 213���Meets second anil fourth Tuesday  In each month in Union hail, room No. 4.  President. Geo. Cowling; vice-president,  R. P. Irwin; recording secretary, A: D.  Hotson, G30 Richards street; financial  secretary, John Dubberley.'   CIGARMAKERS' UNION NO. 357���  Meets the llrst Tuesday In each month  In Union Hall. President, C. >L. Kuhn;  vice-president, C. Parsons: secretary, J.  C. Pcnser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Schuylmcyer: ; delegates* to  Trades and Labor Council,"J. Crow, C Li  Kuhn and John_Millan.   THE RETAIL. CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets ln O'Brien's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. D. McLean, president; ,W. J. Lamrick; secretary, 24S  Princess street.      i  BUOTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  .DECORATORS.-"Local/ Union No. IM.  Meets 2nd & 4th Thursday in Labor Hall.  President, W. I'nvler; vice-president, W.  Halliday; recording secretary, E. Crush,  7B7 Eighth avenue, west; financial- secretary, A. Gothard,,S22 Howe"street: treasurer, .11. MeSorley. l  freaks?  o��oeo��eae990oooeecosao��o��oeo������a  9 �� O 9 O 9 e O ��� C 9  SEATTLE NOTES.  A wish.  0, thut some bright,- inventive men  Would putout, iniiko aud sell  An.onion wilh tin union tnste���  Hut with a violet Miiell.  A sealskin sack does not always warm  the heart.  ;��� lluring -the strike of the i Western Central; Labor, 'union :against'-:' the i'rye-  llrr.lin .company,:, tlio luborj^nion ' Held  secret meetings; most every' night. Some  one .'--'connuctcil. with- the ; union gave '-it  record: of each, meeting; to :.-.the i"rye-  liruhn c'omit'iny,; which' allowed the meat  company, to know .-what the W.'.'C.' L.. U.  wiis: doing, right along. A- nice nian, this  fellow, to lie :tillovvcd to live upon-tliis  carllv.let. along" belong * to'.an- organization; that lie. has. pledged his honor' iiot  to7* reveal * any   business-: that; may . take  . ....:- ::���'.     .  ���-_.    .' '...;    - _     - -y   ^  place in tlieir rooms.'When lie.is found  oiiV he should bo'-shunned, hy. every union , mun iu, Ike wide, -wide world. . -.';:  "touchy"  about the stoiy,  only      want  free, advertisement, who .knows?  ,i ',.  The "P.-l." is offering S00O.5O i;i  prozes for a'"dot" guef*uig contest.  With each two months' .subscription you  can have a legsteied guess. Sow, tlio  question is, "will the' flatly evening  Times" let the "l'.-I." have all the fun?  Wo bet 'twill not be long eie the  Ulcthci-Tuncs has a. .sclieinu that vvill  knock the "P.-l.'s" bue-ssmg incKet  into the cold water ol Puget Sound.  Wait und see.  '��� Some women's idea of being economical  is to have thcir ball dresses cut lower.  Stands for' all that is   . ,  Strongest and Best.  -THE-  -���  a  9  9  ��  2.    ' (UMITBD.)     ! ��� *,   . ������  *  '.   rtAW'4 BLOCK, VINNIPM, MAN.    ��  *<9' I '      ,     ., ���  ���>9ft999090999ft9ft999ft9ftift  the magnates infringe on both  human  ami earth laws in ceeating their unfortunate employes* of tlieir hcant hire, by  conspiring to "'force'extortionate prices  from the public purse, by bribing legie  InturcB, judges nnd; executives?   Why  should the striker'suffer the law's penalties for piccadillos when'a rich" offender  is permitted-to inako his very transgressions tho source'of gain?   It may be  said that property rights must be protected.   This may.be true in it measure.  Dut what of human righto���are they to  be subordinated to mere money?   Shall  courts ho continued as accessories to the  fact u( corporate oppression 'while they  proaecuio< flm'- 'struggling   individual?  Should thu goverment of any country  cxjiend the people's revenues to keep an  unny to patrol Morgan's or "any gther  rich man's domains while tlie very men  who'foot the-.bills'are shot like rabid  curs?" Has    any    goverment.    which  punishes 'misfortunes   while' it - abets  criminiuls uny claim on the respect and  support of decent   citizens?   But   the  trust against which the miners   wero  battling for a bare'existence,'anil before  wKise'altar"Roosevelt made his genu-  T*-  Judging from where we sit, itlooks as  though tho Toronto Globe is preparing  the public mind for another enoriiioui.  railway bonus.   This probably explains  .Tarte's dismissal.   Tarte is a pro-C.I\R.  man and the dreiim Vof'his life was tb  give Canada over to the Canadian Pacific. : Tlm.Globe, Sifton and the Crow's  Nest Pass outfit are pulling for Bill A  Ilim.   Of course if Tarte miniated  to  give all lie wanted to the C.l'.lt. there  would not bu enough Iqft for the Camilla  Northern.   Now that Tarte is fired Mackenzie & Maiut'liold tho top hand with  the irovermcnt mid are about ready to  dig in and help themselves out of the  dominion treasury.   The Canada Northern section between Princo Albert and  Edmonton should bu under construction  by the summer of 1U04 nnd Bill A Dan  will naturally require a little land and  money.-''It would not iio to delay passing the' bonus' until 11)04 becniiKO that  would put the goverment tip against an  unpopular 'move in the face of a do-  minion'election.   Consequently the big  jtotlatch will have'to be jammed throuirh  during tho next session so, that   thc  public will get kind of accustomed to the  idea of running a' gift' enterprise   at  Ottawa before they are asked to vote  again.���Paystreak., ' y  .linilmy Alot'ri-son, whom a more holiest  snorting niiin. never, stood in shoe leather, has given ' up handllug hobo-would-  he-iightcrs. His last experience in Seat-  lie has convinced hint that there is no  hoiior-or money in liU-ccnt pugilists.  Seattle is auxious to see^llarold l'res-  ton,.*elected United States senator. Au-  Jteny, .the Walla Walla banker, has been  atler-tlie-pluve -��iney~lSyij.-Mi ���Aiikeny  Jitii the suppoit of llarvey Scott, the  editor or the Oregonlau, of Portland,  Oregon, and if not elected, hu will sure-'  ly let tlio other candidates know lie has  been in Oiympia.  The cost of living in' Seattle Is very  high.  'i'liu. hobos,.-��� who, before election,  were wined und dined, as it were, In or-  diT to vote them, aie now'being 'itin  111" by the police und put. to work on  thu stieet. It'.s the old aag of "lleforc  and alter."  '1'lie atrlkc of tliu lflitiinen ugitlust the  Seattle 'Kluctrlc comjmny In still on, at  this writing.  The editor of tliu Count, monthly uiag-  ii/ltiu, wo* served wltliuoticu to discontinue a serial Hlory running-in'.tliu jiub-  llcution, vvrikrteu by himself. Tlio.reuseit  assigned wus tlmt some people in this  clly seem to think: tliat a few of tlio  chnractur.s portrayetl was a mirror,; or  reflection of, themselves. The story still  continues to be jmblishcil, tuut wc admire  the editor of thc* Coast for - so idoing.  Perhaps    these    people     who    are ,  so i  UNION Kl'IIOOL TKACI-UOHS.  An nppeal has beon made to organised  labor over the -United -States from: the  Iloor of. the, convention of the America"  federation of Labor at New Orleans  last vteclc. asking that assistance be  given to tiie organization of the public  school touchers - of the cities.  A   resolution   wns   introduced   to   that  effect by  George'. V.. Lighthall,  president  of the Chicago Federation of Labor, lie  is  the man  who  orgniii/cd  the   Chicago  school   touchers, whoue  orgunization '   is  s:iul_t-o_have_d:sagieed- us-to-the-adv is-  ability  of: the union   becoming  ulliliated  with the American Federation of Lufior.  Tliu ri-'soliitlon  stated   tliat    the     Chl-  cn'gb teachers had applied for thoir char-,  ter,   and   that it .would  be  issued,     llr.  Lighthall   said    live      teachers'   charters  had already been issued and that it was  the aim to get un inlernational association.    '1'he resolution  is an  appeal      to  the      tinlversftl    brotherhood * of    union  labor.  After lhe public schools the . colleges  will be tackled.  Mr, Lighthall explained how It was  Unit ho canto to organize the tlhlcago  tenchera.  "It all grew out of Labor liny." suid  he. "The school board flocked the teach  ers for the pay of that day. We in  staiitly said it wus an insult tn ai'gun-  ed. lubor for nuch action to be tnken  The teachers never got tlieir day's pay,  but tlioy. are now! one -of thu', strongest  bodies in the city of"Chicago, Hiero.. being 2,1500 of them."  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  Machinists.*���Beaver.',.'Lodge, No. :lite.���  Meets second; and - fourth Monday ; in  each month ln Union hall. President. .1.  n. -Edwards: vIceTprosldent, Fred Knight;  recording secretary, Geo. Downey;7 tlnanclal secretary, 11. J. Littler. .173 Hastings  street :��� east;: treasurer, 13: : Tlmmins;  'cuard. F. Coughlin.  JOUP.NEYMKN HAKEHS' AND CON-  ri*_CT]O.VI_ns- lnteinationlil Union of  America..".' Local, No.., -Hi,; Vancouver, :J5.  C.', meets fust and thiul Tliuistlay inl  each month. I'li'siiluil, T. Hatter; vice-  presidei't, .1 Ingli's: lecording secretary,  l**. W. Hurtle tinnliciul secretary.. M.  ."UacLeun. 2100 Westminster Avenue,  iltoimt l'lcasaut::corresifOii(liiiLr secretary,  J Webster. 2S-tt Wektnnnster Avenue.  Mount I'leasant;' treasurer. '.J. Wilkinson.  JOUKNEYMEX llAltBFfHS' INTEHNA-  T10NAL Union, No. 120���President,  Fred Jlawc, vice-president. J. A. Dib-  dcti;. coi-responding-tinancini .secretary,: J.  A.".:-'Stewart, 151' Cordova'St.; '.recorder,  W. Hawkins; ireastuer. (5. llower; guide,  A. II. Legatt; guardiun, A. F,.r Anderson; "delegates to T. -&..1 L.:'Council,.Fred  Hawe and J. (lilman. fleets hrst and  third Wednesdays of- each month in Union Hall.  JOURNEYMEN TAILOltS' i;.\',OK'; OF  -America, , No. -1.7S���Meets Iirst. and  jthird Mondays in .room No.7- 1, 'Union  hull. President, C. Whalen: vicc-prcsi-  dent, F, Logg; recording secretary, F.'"  Williams, 3814 Seventh avenue W.; financial 'Secretary,, T..' Wood: treasurer,  W. W.. Toombs, ^ .scrgeant-at-urnis, T.  Mathews.  BUU-PliltS' LA110RERS' FEDERAL  Union, No. 32, Vancouver���Meets  cyoiy 'Thursday evening at 8 o'clock,: in  room No. 1, Union hall.' President.  Fi odCollin.sf sccretaryr'IirSellers^Wcst;  crn Hotel; delegates to 'liuildiiig Trades  Council, II. Sellers, Chris Foley anil  John Sully.  VANCOUVER TYFOC'KAl'lUOAL UNION. No. 220, meets the fourth Monday in each month at - Union Hull.  President, C. S. Campbell; vice-president, IL W. King: secretary, S. J.  Oothard; P. O.box do; trensurer, C!co.  Wilby; sergeant-at-arms. A. F. Arnold;  executive committee, W. II. Hunt. Ci. K.  Pierrott. W. rUrniid, Robt. Toild; dol(-^  gates to Trades and Uvbor Council, W.  Urnnil, S. J.. Oothard, F. W. Fowler.  C. Ellis, corner Cambie and Cordova  streets, is the place -where you get  your hair cut in an' artistic manner.  The Balmoral  CORNER   CORDOVA   AND   UARRALt.  STREETS,   VANCOUVER.  Hakes a specialty of Dewar's spwiiU  llyueur, also Usher's black label liqueur  whiskoy.:'Largo stock of importefl and.  doiiMstiu- cigars. .'Finest .: blllianl and  pool tables. R.     B.    MULLIGAN ta  CO.,  Proprietors.  When you want to hire a Urst-clsar  bone and bilsrgy, go to the False*  Uvenr itablec Telephone Its.  S  II  ii  m  I  :**Si'  3  ill  ,  ������ifeilB  li FOE MERIT" IN 1812  an interesting reminiscence of  the War of that year.  Medals That TVcro Never Presented���  Were Designed by Mr. Allen Wjotn,  F.S.A., Who Retained the Dloi���Kr-  eontly Only Sample of Medal In l'.x-  iHtfiico Was Struck and ls Presented  In Ai-i-oiiip.uijliig Cuts. "  The recent presentation of medals  to the .South African volei-ans and  1 lie interest in nil inutlcis periaining  tn tli' tlofi'iico ot the lOnipiH' whiih  lias lii'on urousid by Un- via." have re-  falli'd an oce.i.sion upon wh-cli vul-  innt service vv.is pi-: form.'d in defence  of tha Kntpire liy nun who did  not gel medals in recognition of their  valor. After the war of 1KI2 public  spirit was aroused, nn I mi if-socia-  tion known ns the l.oy.il and I'atiio-  tic Society of Upper I'.iuuda derided  to present medals to th'ise vvlm look  part in the gullant  delence which sc-  faci: or lit- mi:dal.  cured for tho 1'mpiio continued possession of Canadian territory. Sub-  Ecriptions were collected and in 1820  A handsome niuilul two and a half  inches in diametei-, an illustration ()i"  which is published in this issue, vvas  si ruck'. On thc face the words "For  merit" appealed in a circle formed by  n laurel wreath with the legend "Presented by a grateful country." On  the icvesse a beaver, emblematic of  peaceful industry, was repiesenlcd on  the north side of a strait between  two la'ues, vvith .1 liritish lion slumbering in tli" background. One the  .south side of the strait the American  eagle hovertd 111 the an-, as if checked from al larking the beaver by llie  presenco of tho lion. The legend was  "Upper Cannil.i preserved." The  movement appears lo have dragged  nien,? linlil enthusiasm United and  the expected subscriptions failed to  ionic in.  The medals were of gold for the officers and silver for the men.  In 1810 a meeting of* the oflieials  oi ll.c society was held at which a  resolution was passed directing that  as the medals could not be (list)United in the manner originally pioposcd  they should be sold as bullion and  the proceeds lacked at interest, to be  used for pension bcnslils. The minute of this action of lhe society ia  lecorcled in the handwriting of the  late Chief Justice 1'owell.  The medals. whiih had been for  some time stored in the Pan'c of  Upper Canada to 1 ho number of."i(!l,  of which 'il were small gold pieces  and the remainder large silver, were,  in accord.ince with the resolution,  sold, together wilh '18 similar medals, which were found among the effects of the lute Chief Justice Scott.  The    medals,    which realized ��3013  ISEVKIISI: OK 1812 MEDAL.  Ds 4_d,  were converted into bullion,  no sample having been kept.  The medal was designed by Mr. Allan "Wyom, V. S. A., medallist and  engraver to thc King, vvho retained  possession of the dies. Uccenlly Mr.  G. Mills McClurg obtained from the  Dominion Government an order for a  sample of the medal. Mr. Wyom, in  complianco with the request ol the  Government, struck one off from the  original dio nnd'forwaidrcl it to Mr.  McOlurg, who prizes it highly, as it  -is"thc-only~onc of-ils-kind-now-iiicx-  jsteiKC, commemorative of in exciting incident in Canadian history.  Tbe Wire's 311'tiihf.  "The other day," said Jones, "an  old woman bounced into our ollice  displaying a not ice thai  wc had wiil-  teii to her 10 11 Heel that a lux on  some properly of huis was due. She  mviii'u she hud paid il. 1 had the  hooks to prove Hint, the tax was  still unpaid, and suggested Uml she  had mnde a mistake. She declined  that she had not. and said:  "Don't you ever miike-mlstnl,es?"  "I ussurcd her Unit. 1 did not, und  Jokingly added, '"The only mistake  J ever niade was when 1 wus married."  "She looked at nio a second and  then said, "No; your wife made ll.it  jiiislu k 0."  Iltli'kn I'i0111 Sand and Oilicnl.  '   A new process for    making hiuks  out of sand and cement has ict "cully  heen put in operation.   No owns   or  .burning processes me iii'icssut v,    the  hardening of the brick beginning    as  ,booii as  it. is  taken from  tliu   jnol.l,  .and in fifteen days it is ic.tdy foi delivery.    During  the  procus  of molding a single  brick  undergoes  a  pit"--  'sure of 65,000    pounds.       In  thniv  days    from* tlie time -lhe hnuleniiig  ���process begins the brick.will stand a  I pressure of ten tons;  in sixly ilujs a  pressure of  sixty-live  tons     The  01-  dinary pressure required foi   buildng  -_>urposos is about eight tons  ANN BROWN."  The  Oldest   Yensel on   I.uke   Ontario   lt  Uniting mt Toronto Island und  Will Never Mill Again.  It is altogether likely lhat - the  bones of the schooner Am; Urown,  the oldest sailing vessel on Lake On-  laiio, vvill rot and ei limbic in lhe  wateis of Toronto Hay.  1 asi spring, vvhen the owners nf lh.'  Ann lb own threatened lo lui';i|> her  up lor luev.ood. lhe nieiiilicis of thc  lleliuont Dinghy Chili, cninpiiseil of  young Ksiileiil.' 01 Toi onto Island,  conceived the nl'*.i of purchasing ilie  Ann Drown as the chili's llngihip.  'lh1 iil.'.i vvus cnrii.'i' onl, and the  Ann Urown, respli ndi'iii in a new  coat of while .mil led iM'iil. but still  daunting hei nni'iiiii n-gs of s.nls.  was a lamiliar sight 111 Hie hn> all  summer. The luds of the lli'luniiit  t'luli sailed her iu all we.illicis. Wluu  her old sail blew out, Ihey svvniuird  aloft anil gnlliired in the renin,nits  and ihen patiently sewed them together ngain. Any Sunday the ancient  craft could be seen hustling aiound  Ihu bny with half a do/en dinghies  either in tow or racing .mil 1 basing  about her.  During one of tho*-e stiff September  storms ft om the wesl. the Ann  Brown dragged 'her moorings and  went ashore on the Island Hisl west  of the H. C. V. I.'. Island i*liili|j*iuse,  She is so rotten thai n is h.iiillv  likely lhat she will lie limited again  If she remains there inlil lh' informs the fate ol her upper works  will probably be that of the upper  works of lit, old Chicoiiliini���to iiirn-  ish a bonfire for chilly skaters.  Tho Aitn Drown was built at the  foot of York street by a laborer in  his spare time eighty yeais ago.' She  was for many years engaged 111 the  fur tiade with the Indians on the  upper lakes, but ended her roinmer-  cial cnicer as a humble member of  the Port Credit stone hooker fleet.  She was a "landmark" in I/ikc Ontario shipping history. The Ann  Brown has been in service so long  that the knots in her bottom planking actually stand out from the clear  wood which has- hern worn avv.iy during hj2i- long career. It has been estimated that during her eighty odd  years of sailing the old schooner has  traveled over .'100,000 miles, or, in  other words, had she lieen set sailing  on a direct course about the world  would have made thc round trip six  times and been now on the home  stretch of the seventh journey.  The King's Oldest Knfrllsh Stili.ioi't  Brighton has the honor of claiming  a.s resident (hu oldest Knglish sub-  jecl. of thc King in the pci son oT  Mr. Charles Clretn. vvho on the 22nd  August this (1002) year, celebrated  his lOSth bjrthdny.   Mr. (irecti     te-  * ^   '"n'A  fa,,/,fSgtlK   ��v4  Tllwi,    '-i.   '"s   i     ''.is  ciuM.rs gi:i:i:n, agsu 10S.  sides with his youngest daughter and  son-in-law at the tjucensbury arms,  Qiiecnsbury-mows, and in n recent interview thc old gentleman stated  lhat ho was born at a village near  Chichester, and up to the time he  was 00 worked ns a farm laborer.  His wife, who was 10 years his junior, died 12 yeais since, lie is the  father of 10 chilciien, and has niniiy  grandchildrcn and great grnndihiltl-  len. When interviewed he was silting placidly in an armchair in a  back room, after having enjoyed a  hearty dinner. lie has always been  a non-smoker, and until iccently 'has  in.-liilgid in a pint of porter daily.  'Ihoiigh nearly blind nnd somewhat  deaf his mental faculties are unimpaired, and he recalls events lhat  happened in tho early part of lhe last  century in a way that is simply wonderful. Our portrait is fiom a photograph taken on Mr. (Iieeu's KKiih  birthday.  ��� A KfiiihiiU-l* ul 11 Tragedy.  In his book, "All the i.u.ssias,"  Henry tlonnan gives an interosling  description of thc bedroom "f C/ai"  Alexandur II., which is kept exactly  a.s it was on the morning ho left it.  He was brought back an h*)iu* a'ler  he-left-it-bleeding-to death-nom-ii:-  juiies inflicted by the assassin's  bomb. As thc loom was, s0 it ic-,  mains. Thu half smoked (igaietie  lies uiion the ash tray in .1 glass  tube. A little revolver lies befoie the  mirror. Upon each of the tables and  upon several limit's is a loosely folded clean handkerchief, for it was the  Czar's wish lo have one of these always within reach of his hand. There  lie nil Ins loilel articles, a few plain  bottles and brushes. It i.s all modest beyond belief, und the brushes  are hull worn.  A llixiu fur I.a/y Men,  A 111illinn11.i1 c has recently invented  an electrical device for controlling  the spigots of the hat hi 00111 by a  tomb button in (he bulinom lly  Ibis means one can iraih out f,0111  tbe bed and tin 11 the wulei into the  tub, and vvhen the l.ittei is Idled the  flow is autoinatitnlly shit ojl Willi  nn installation of tins 1 hut intei 111  the house one is enabled lo si���v 111  bed until the bulb is entnely nndy  and then jump almost fiom undei the  coM'is into the water  ReardM In Alnskii.  Moustaihes are not woin by men  exposed to the sevoilty of ,in Alaskan winter They wenr full boaids to  piotcct the throat and face, but kee 1  the upper lip clean shaven The  mols-tuie fiom tbe breath congeals so  quickly that a moustache becomes embedded in a solid cake of lie, nnd the  face is frozen in a short time.  'ARMED FOft PEACE'  REFLECTIONS OF A CANADIAN-AMERI-  CAN WOMAN AT THE REVIEW.  JIrs. Suiiinn-i*.. tif Clitf-iigo, Nie i:��e lirod-  llflttc, runner')- of Ciiiiadlnii ���luiirii.il-  isin, Tells One ��r till' Nirvsl SIihU'h tit  King Kilwiird's Deittoernf-y ��� KugRi-d  Admiral l'leused Willi Ills Moji-Hty'i.  I.ovlng Cm f-M.  Mrs. Suiiiineis*. of Th" Cliii.tgn Ite-  cord-ller.ild. well-'nnwii ib the old"r  journalists of lliiiinio us Kvc lli'od-  lii|tii' in lhe veil s";'i 11 ��� by, gives her  ii-lliniiriis of ilie i.'tv.il naval n'View  uhiili sin' aliende.l 111 eunn.'Ction  wilh lis' King's ciironntiou ten-monies.    Sho snj s-  To "llie lillle stie.'L bred people"  very lil.olv tli" p.iei'aiit ef the coronation pi occasion was greater thun the  naval leview. Inn 10 the passionate  lover of the sea, sprung from a rare  of sea folk, this eclipsed all V.h-n  the royal yacht ,nid ils train h'ovc in  sight anil the gic.it guns of H1.1i iit>  0.' ships lean"d down and s| u e ina  salute of twcut*.-one bold !i ties, it  was the psjrlinlo.jir.il iiioiuiul of the  day. It st in eil iii''s lighlii.i nlrod  to a swilt iiiiai'.ii.'.iuon ot a bat He at  se.i. It made one bold ur.'-le.idv  linn Is over a Ua.uni'.', heart in un ce-  stacy ol startled dcliMit. Sonuhow  Ihu lealr-'ation of what all these iik n-  TIli: TWO ADMIRALS��� '���III   IIILVltY    Kl l'i'l-1  AND 'Mil:  KING.       <  ster ships meant���really and truly  wero planned and eqiiippi'd for���came  home at lhe rich reverberation of  these hundred* of guns over Hie sunny, whitc-llcckid waters. And lhe  inimitable ICipling description lose tu  iiinul:  "It vvas more like squht.'ng dealh  through a hose Ihan any oidinary  gun practice."  So it was. Kven in the midst, of  tho thrill of it. wilh merry company  bright lings, noisy bands, eveiy evidence of a holiday round-about, Hie  honor of death dealing apparatus on  suih a scale chilled and saddened and  awed. One could only hope���"aimed  ior peace."  (!ne thing especially impressed me  that day, Hie possible lustiness of  age in Britain and Hie respect ne.-oi d  ed il. On lhe bridge of lhe loyal  yuiht. close by bis King, was Admiral Sir Hairy Keppel, who has  passed his ninetieth year, and who is  still hale and hearty, and looked particularly fine in his full regalia, with  gold-laced coat and cocked hnl. Sir  Unrry has just completed twi nty-fivc  years as adniiial of lhe licet, having  been promoted on Aug. Ii, 1.S77. lie  nnd the King are great personal  friends, and in the accompanying picture one may observe the pleased expression on his dear, rugged old face  at the King's c.uess. Albeit His Majesty has I ecu rtusiircd for lack of  dignity in assuming such a familiar  pose befoie the camera to that this  picture is rarely sirn       N  Somehow 1 HI u the Mnn lost in  his democratic attitude. 1 saw him  the other day in a jallier batlertd  black fedora hat and a well-woin overcoat, sitting alone at the luck ol a  little pinnace going out lo ihe royal yalht o!T I'ovves, and he did loo'.<  suih a g*'iiial, jolly, nice son of a  Kirg! I'i 0! ably he was i,inn* impressive in his royal cigwn and ermine-trimmed robes, but it 'minded  1110 grout I v of theatrical trupp n;s,  nnd 1 am not to sure all his glutei-  pleased me yiorc because the diamonds were real, very leal, 1 n 1 r.ot  men- paste.  Ah! but. it is ' good to'get. away  from dirty, smoky'London, evtn in  her most gala diess, to l!:e viiid-  swept garden ol the Isle of -vi;h:,  where one gels "blown throuj-h and  th:o:;:h vvith fresh air." ->Vhal a  wis" old King it was to ���-boose his  yacht and the quiet of the bav rather than some stiff palace lo ci nval-  esco ini But l-Mward VII. loves the  sea and  the sight ot���  "Tlie sailor mon  That sail upi.n tlie s*en��i.  To fight the wars, lo keep the I iwgj   _  And live oil yellow pens!"  Out-en Victoria Lifeboat.  Princess Henry of Battenbeig on a  7"ceiTt���Saturday--Tfllrnoon jTiililicly  nainid a nevv lifeboat paced ai  I.0111I rldgc. Isle of Wight, b.v the  Koyal J-ifc* oat Institution. I lei iiov-  ,:I Highness j;uve it the name of  "Queen   Victoria."     Before   breaking  Till   VlCllilil v  IIKHIOAT  the hot I le of win" on the bows of tho  lifiboat, i'liniss lldiiv said 'I  11 nun you 'ijiicn Vittoiia.' and 1  hope you will save many lives "  'Ilio new lifeboat is a inodii 11 siH-  ngliting M"-sel. and lilted with all  tin latest appliances ,md inipiove-  inPlils, giving the dew ndvaiit.igis  and facilities which did ,not atlaih to  ilm old ono, iWlnih has been 111 c\-  istcme some 1 X ictis She, too, was  namc.l Queen Victona, by lonsent of  her late Majesty, who was pationoss  of the isle of Wight Lifeboat Institution.  Do not enter matumony without  sufficient patrimony.���Detroit Fice  Press.  PAWNEj HIS CRoWinI.  Tin* Tt ottbtt'n of King Cm-Ins I.'ot' I'm tugul  ���Uul llo It, 11 V.nniiuv Si��i.i*tMiinii'  untl llxport I'lgt'ou Mini.  Hard pressed by debt, King Carlos  I. of Portugal, it is alleged by the  press of Lisbon, has pawned the  crown 'jewels, lm hided in Ha* jewels  hypothecated are lhe sceptre 01 Istui  Pedro IV., valued at millions of tlnl-  litis, and tbe lliagan/a diamond,  s,*ill lo be the i.ugest in the world.  .N'o expert hus ever been a'lowe I to  examine this diamond,  and  this fact  c.viii.os i��� kim: ok rotni'UAi..  has given rise to the report tlmt it  was not genuine. Peihaps Hie truth  or falsity of tho report may be  settled if the facts about the pawning prove true.  This is the second time King Carlos has pawned the crown of Portugal. H was said at tin- time of his  trip to London to attend Queen Victoria's funeral that Kngland had  made him advances whith enabled  hint lo lake the clown out of.| awn.  lt vvas said to have been jilcdged for  $4,000,000.  Bom Uarlos ]., ruler of that little  kingdom upon width the Span.aids  have frequently cast longing ejes, is  thirty-nine years old. ��� Jie asiended  the throne in IKS'.) on tho death of  hi.s father, Louis J. Until then he  was known as the llu e of Bra-  gan/a.  Carlos is a famous sportsman and  is an expert pigeon shot, lie is also  a painter of considerable skill. One  of hi.s products of llie brush and palette was honored wilh a pi i/e at the  last Paris Exposition.  in 18CG Dom Carlos married Marie  Aiuclic, daughter of Philippe. Due  d'Orleans, Compte do Paris, lie belongs to the house of Bragan/a-Co-  bmg, whiih has been the royal house  of Portugal since lS.W.  King Carlos i.s possessed of great  physical courage, and until a few*  years ago ho was wont to enter the  111 enn and exhibit his prowess as a  bullfighter. On one occasion while  di iving o'n the outskirts of Lisbon lie  jumped {rom his carriage, felled wilh  liis stick to the ground and then collared single hnii'lcd a burly highwayman who was endeavoring to 10b and  knife a wayfarer.  ���\Vniilcd Full Oicdlt.  Questionable escnpades of diplomatic fortune rest lightly 'upon the  shoulders of South American presidents and generals,  according    to   a  "i:kg FAUIlOV. sm," hesaid icily, "but  ' I r was (nlOOO.tUO. - *  story recently related.. Thc revolu-  liolHn-Vcile/.iiclu-Iiad-been under discussion. Spemlation was 'at that  time rife a.s to whether or not Castro would be driven out of Venezuela.  The relator cited the case of former'  President Blanco, whose administration was overturned.after be had, according to common report, richly  feathered 'his- nest.; Blanc.o' was  strolling on a boulevard in Paris. A  passing pedestrian arrested the paco  of his companion.  "See that  man?' lie stole S3,000,-  000 when his C'ovi'rnmcnt was   overthrown."  Quick as a flash lllanco tinned.  "Beg   pardon, sir," hu suid    Icily,  "but lt .was So,OUO, 1)00."  Mithf'iillt c (*oiif*flt.  Mr. und Mis I'ogg were having  almost a (planel over Hns vouthfiil  son, who hud nol been conducting  himself in a way to please his mother.  "I don't caie." Mrs I'Ogg exclaimed, "Henry is just like you. Kven a  stiangcr could toll 111 a minute tlint  he was your son "  "Rhl Hannah," Mr Fogg broke in  "Don't say such things in his pies-  rnce You'll make the little chap as  ���vain as a peaiocs "  Argument Against Shoes.      1  People    who    go   barefooted,   and  those who went  sandals instead    iff  ���hoes, rarely luive colds ln the head  01 any form of in/luenza.  'nm big coal five  MEN WHO  CONTROL THE PRODUCTION OF ANTHRACITE, .  Giuitts In the Industrial untl l-liium>i��l  Amtlrn or Ihu lliiltotl St:iten-.11l|;ht.v  l'ort'fs Ag.tliiMt Which tlu* Miners Have  Heen Contending��� sketch ot Ule llldl-  vidtlillitli'H Atlln lNis.i-is Stieli Power.  Excepting n few j nimporlnnt de-  losils in Colorado 1111.I S'ew Mexico  the' aniliracilc coal of th'. I nllfd  Stales i.s coni'uied to the l'tnns.vhan-  ia Alines, and Ihe vast itulustr,v- of  mining and Iran-porting Ihis flic! to  mnr'ivit is colli lolled by five men,' who  are big faclois iu lhe appi oat lung  coal famine in Cniuidn. They are  l'P'sid nt Ceorge V. Baer of th;  Philadcl: hiu and Heading railway,  Alexander .J. CVsntt, pivsahul't of  tlu I'ennsylvaiiia railroad: lredcritk  I). Ijiulji-wood, president of the I'-rlo  railroad; President- \V. 11. Trin-Mlale,  of the Ilelevvare. l.ackaw.inn 1 an I  Western railroad 'inlil I'resid.'iit llio-  inas P. Kovvler of the New York, Ontario and Western railroad.  These live 111(11-1 he big live il.ev are  called���are mighty pow-ij-s in lh" Ilnancial niul industrial wiu'ld of-th-  Republic. " Subject lo their dictum'  nre hiind"eds, of lliousunds of men.  women and childnn and properties  producing  hundiTd.s   of  millions    of  THE INDIAN MEDALS.  Commemorative or the 1001 Ylxlt or tlit  I'rliir.i mill l'l'lnu 'Hs ot- Wtlti-n.  An interesting medal shown in tho  accompanying illustration represents  the'iuedal '.stiuck by order of the Dominion Government to commemorate  oi'ouoi: I'.' 11AI It.  dollars annually. Combined as they  Iiow are they exert a mighty force on  nflnirs.  First and fo'.emost in the big five  is Prcsidint ''corgi' F. I'aer of the  I'liiladel; hia and Itcad'iii railway,  lie is a native of I'l'iinsylvnna and is  sixty years old. Mr. Baer is a veteran of the civil war anil by profession  a lawyer. His mind is keen and militant. I'or yiars he was the con'i-  'dentiiil iegiil ad/icer of .1. Pierpont  .Morgan in Pennsylvania, and wh.'ij  the Pliihidcl* hia and Pending was  leorgani/ed after the rcieivriMiip in  181K1 h ' too'v a prominent Part in the  leoigani-ation and was placed at the  head 01" theisystem.  Through hi.s generalship a year ago  Ihe purchase of lh-1 .Jersey Central  was consummated. By iicipiiring lliis  loud the Beading now owns and ten-  trol.s about 15.'! per cent, of lh-* un-  inined nn:hracite coal in the state of  J'ei.ns.v Ivuniii*  AliMinder J. Cnss-alt, president of  tliu vast Pennsylvania system, is also a native of lhe Keystone Slate.  After n liberal education he entered  the employ of the Pennsylvaiva road  as 1, rodnian. His advance vvas rapid, and ton years later, at the age of  thirty-two, he was made general  manager of the entire system. Twelve  years he spent in this position, whin  lie iclirrd v:ith a fortunj'. On the  death of Pri'siduit 'I nomas iu IS1.!')  Mr. Cassatt vvas chosen as his successor,     lie  is sixty-three yeais old.  W. II. Truesdale Iirst snw,the light  in Ohio llfly-onu yours ago. He he-  pa'i his railroad career'as a clerk in  tho service of the lloikfovd, Hock  Is'aml and St. Louis railioad in  !Sfi9. lie was made president of the  V. nn2.1i.olis and St. 1 oiis read in  IK01, ai<l in Uf!l'.�� he became h ad or  ihu Delaware. Lackawanna und Western. ' 1  'lhe president of thi Erie railroad  i.s also geneial manager of.the Ilultill o 0 and Ohio ns well as'head of  the New    York,     Susquehanna    1 nd  AI1-\AM)HI J. CASSATT.  Western und snvojal othei ralhoads  nnd coal loinpnnies. .lo'Miogan ttill���  1 o.ul n;' as a binkemun,  'lliomus P, Towler, the Inst of lhe  big live, is a native of New Yoik and  fifty-one yeais old He is,piesident  of'tbo New York, Ontniio and West-  cm. Ontai 10, Caibondalo and rjnanion Coal Company. As suih he controls a good pciccntnge of the nn-  thracite output of tho Pennsylvania  fields  'iheso five great powers in the  financial and industnal world control 307 collieries, and it is against  this mighty foice that Piesident Mitchell and the miners have aiiajcd  '   ^    r  One   touch   of   rumor     makes the I  whole world chin���Home Folks  11)01   MKDAI. IO INDIANS.  tiie visit of tho Prince and Princess  of Wales to the assembly of Indian  tribes at Calgary, September 28,  J .101. Over -100 of these were struck  for distribution among the Indian  chiefs. 'The medal bears a remarkably fine medallion of thc Duke and  Duchess    and a beautiful ornamentu-  IXDIAN MKDAI. OF 1901.  tion of maple leaves nftd scroll work.  On tbe reverse sido thc royal arms  are displayed, with an inscription  setting forth thc occasion of tbq  striking of tbe medal.  ��� Lord llmtiiltou und 111k Troubles.  Lord    George   Francis    Hamilton,  who, it is said, will s.,wii r-sign, under pressure, from  the Secretaryship  of the India Oflice to make room for  I  .   I.OIlD 0KO1I0K FRANCIS   HAMILTON".  Lord Balfour of Burleigh, has figured prominently in British public lifo  since 1874^ when Disraeli nominated  hiin for 'Parliamentary Undei secretary for India. For years liq lias  been associated with Indian affairs,  aiid it is claimed by many that ha  -has-showji-cxtraordiuury-ubility,���in_  thn management of the oflice. lie* is  thc .third son of the Duke of Aber-  corn. Lord George's wife'- is, tho  daughter of the ISa'rl'of' Uarewood.  They.live in Portman.Square.        i  1        '���      ' r ������: .        . . ���  A Stor.- of DttniftN.  In connection .with the question of  the extent o.f 'Pumas' Indebtedness  to his collaborators, the following  anecdote is told: Dumas', it is said,  was oiicij reproached in'conversation  for somo inaccuracy In" one of his  works. * His.answer was:' "I nevx-r  read thc boo,-*.,.' Jfi't 1110 seo, who  wrote it for me'! 'A'h. 1 romcmliur. It  was the'little Augusld Mai|iiet. 1  must go and box his ears."  >Mllltlt'.v Ilnlloonllig.  The ��Swlss inllitaNY^authorities have  determined that next' year the tialn-  ing of military hulloonlsls ���Muill bo  systematically taken in bund 'lhe  fust balloon company to be formed  'is'to tonsist of cighl oflicois, 22 noncommissioned otficers. Hi] pnvatcs,  With an establishment of nine ndtiiff  and 09 duiught horses and 28 voh-  lclcs  !  m  n  -hi  ���ll,  y  i\  1  '"J  The Fall of Sebastopol.  It is interesting to recall that tho  news of the fall of Sebastopol reached England'on a Monday, 10th Sep-,  lumber, 1855. It was conveyed by  express to the Queen at Balmoral,  and she caused a huge bonfire to bm  khirilcd on the summit of Crfilffowan. Messrs. 0. C. Kichards & Co.  Gentlemen,���My daughter. 13 years  old, wns thrown from a sleigh and  injured her elbow so badly it remained still anil very jminful for three  years. Four bottles of MINARD'S  LINIMENT completely cured her and  she has not been troubled for t\\1>  years. Youis truly,  ,|. I). LEVKSQUH.  St. Joseph, l'.Q., Aug. 18,  1000.  One of the gieatcst drawbacks ii:  Mexico Is the scarcity of fuel. Hopes  arc placed in the piobablo discovery  of oil in paying quantities.  MINARD'S UH1BBIT Relieves Neuralgia.  Despite tho rainy weather "tbe lat-  ost crop reports prove that umbrcllus  wero not the only thing raised this  summer.  lllrklc's" Antl-ConsuniKlivc Sv-rap stands  at the bend of tho list for all discuses  of the throat and luneu. It acta like  magic In breaking ut) a cold. A cough  Is boon subdued, tightness of the chest  Is relieved, even the worst case of consumption is relieved, while lu recent  eases It may be said never to full. It is  a medicino m enured from the active principles or virtuos of several nnfdlrhuil  heihti. and can bo depended upon for nil  pulmonary complaints.  Many a son of his father vvouid  never bo heard of wero bo not' fined  for speeding an automobile. This is  the cheapest kind of fame.  $100 REWARD $100.  'The-readers of this paper vvill he nh'tts-j'  ed to leant that thero is ut least one  dreaded disease that science has heen  ablo to cure in all its stages, untl that  is cuturrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure is tho  only positive cure now known to the  mcdlcnl fraternity. Catarrh being a constitutional disease reauires a cou-stitu-  tionitl. ticittmeut. Hall's Cntnrili Cure  is taken intornully. acting dliecity unon  tho blood und mucous surfaces of the  system, thereby desti otitic* the foundation of tho disease unit .gTv-ing tho patient strength b.v building un the constitution* und usstsling ttuluro in doing  its work. Tho proprietors have so much  faith in its curative powers that -tliev offer One Hundred Dolluis for uny cuse  tlml it fulls to cure. Send for list of  testimonials      Address,  I''.  J.   CHENEY  &  CO..  Toledo. O.  Sohl by drugglstB,  75c.  Hull's Family I'ills uro, tho  Best.  When baking cukes.or scones, if the  soda is dissolved in a little boiling  milk it prevents tho disagreeable  lumps which are so often seen.  Another  Remarkable  ��� Cue Where  St. Jacobs  Oil  Worked  a Wonder  Mr. W. H. Allen, Jr., of 17 Denmark streot, Aston, Birmingham,  writes under'ditto 'of May l!0tb,  1890 : "1 um a driver for tho Keystone Bottling Co., of Birmingham,  and I had tho mlsfortuno to bo  pitched off my waggon, and besides  being bruised from head to foot my  ankle Joint was put out and my  foot severely sprained. I tried many  embrocations, but received no benefit; I then went to tho hospital, tut  after having been treated for a considerable timo,' I left, not any  botter. I then determined to try St.  Jacobs Oil, and 1 can assure ' you  that boforo I used tho contents of  ono bottle my - ankle was as sound  as ever, and I was ablo to go to  work ����� if nothing had happened."  A WONDERFUL MEDICINE.  A document on vellum signed by  61 uy Fawkcs, and relating to a sale  t��f land in 1092,' haa, been sold for  ��101 at Sotheby's.  The up-to-date actress is a good artist. At least sho knows how to  paint.  "Good management is better than  a good income." but both together  are better than either separately.  "lie vvho sings drives away sorrow-  but often causes sorrow to his neighbors."  Some people are afraid, and call it  ' virtue.  To clean stono jugs and jars fill  them with- water, adding a table-  spoonful of. baking soda to each gal-  Ion of water. Lot it stand over  night. If not thoroughly cleansod,  repeat thc operation.  Tor BUIou* and Nervous Disorders, such as  Wind and Pttin lathe Stomach, Sick Headache, Giddlneis, Fulness and Swelling? after  meals, Dizziness and Drowsiness, Cold Chills  Flushings of Heat. I.o�� of Appetite, Shortness of ltreath, Costlveness, Blotches on the  Skin. Disturbed Sleep, Frightful Dreams,  and all Nervous and Trembling Sensations,  &c. THE FIRST DOSE Wil. GIVE RELIEF. Hi  TWENTY,. MINUTES-    Thfs is no Baton.  Kvery sufferer ts earnestly Invited to try one  Box of these Pills, and Hioy will bo ocll-  nowlcdecdto bo WITHOUT A RIVAL  BEECHAlW'SPIIfIfS taken as directed* will quickly restore Females to complete  health. I'liey promptly remove any obstruo  tion or Irregularity of the system.  For a  Weak Stomach,  Impaired Digestion,  Disordered Liver,  theyact like mngic-a few do3es will work  wonders upon the Vital Organs; Strengthening the muscular System, restoring the long*  1 lost Complexion, bringing bnck the keen  edge of appetite, find arousing with the  lloscbiidof jilcnltti tho wholo physical energy of the human frame1. Theso  are ."fact**" admitted by thousandi, In all  clashes of society, and one of the best guarantees   to thc   Nervous and Debilitated ia  tbat BEECHAM'S PILLS havo the  Largest Sale of any Patent  Medicines In the World.  neecham's Pills havo born boforo  tho publio for hnlf a century, nnd  oro tho most populnr family medicine*  No testimonial* aro published, as  Btiectinm*�� I'ills  RECOMMEND THEMSELVES. ,  Prepared only by Thomas Beecham, St.  Helens, EnpUnd,  Hold cTerrtrhere tn Canaila and U. S.  America,   ln boxes, to cents.  XV,.N. V. No. 399.  Franco wns using 12.-56.000 bicycles  in 189.5 untl .987,000 in 1901. Sho  loves'the'wheel'for the peaceful revolution's thut it makes.  -KELPioirsr  tndortBd bf b����t English moiilo��IJournil��.  Suppll.d te British ��oldlor�� In South Afrio*.  For ��M Throit snd aland Troubles, Lumps,  Sbto.it.*, Old Soros. Ulosrs, Fslons, Skin  Dli.ii.i. Eoi.mi. Plmpl.i, Stiff Joints,  Rheumatism, Lumbago, Sprains, Bruises,  Piles. Cuts, Soro Foot, Pfourlsjv.  Sold by Druggists, ISo.   Try It ono*.  Somo women come down town so  seldom thnt they nre so timid u.i'j-  nlvvnys suggest n (at that is oicssing  tho street.  WHY WOOLLENS WEAR THHS&  A Scene in a  Sir, I have just corns round myself  to tell you that you have absolutely  Ipolled a pair ot blankets on me.  I hare I  Yes, sir, you have I  Surely you are mistaken, madam 1  I am not mistaken, I sent round  uy little girl a tew days ago for a good  strong soap to wash out some'heavy  things, in all innocence I used what  'you sent' me, and the result is that my  blankets are just the skeleton of what  they were. They are ruined, sir, and  It's your fault I  Yes, but I sent what I usually send  la such coses.  What'you usually send ! No wonder Mrs. Moore,, my neighbor, complains of her _clothes_wearing out;_I_  find you usuallysend her the same soap.  But, madam, I always give my customers what they ask for. Had you  aimed a particular brand of soap you  would havo had lt  Named  a  particular  brand I   How  was I to know anything of brands ?  But I'know better now, and I know  what ruined   my   blankets���and-my  ���> bands are'in a nice plight, too I  I c&n assure you, madam, that it ls  not my desire to' sell anything that  will be injurious to either the handB  or clothing o( my customers, and 1  ���hall be glad to know how you provo  that what I sold you injured, your  blankets and your hands.  Well, I was telling Mrs. Nolll my  trouble, and she lent me a llttlo cutting, snd bsre lt ls; you can read It:  '"Dr. Stevenson Macadam, Lecturer  on Chemistry, Surgeon's Hall, Kdln-  burgb, describes the destructive property of soda upon wool very graphically.  , " After mentioning bow strong alkali  such as potash and soda, disastrously  affect cotton, linen, and* wool, he  ���ays:  "On one occasion I employed this  property of soda In a usoful way.  There was a large quantity of new  blankets sent to one of our hospitals,  Which, when given out, were said by  the patients to be not so warm as the  old blankets were, and tbat led to an  Investigation as to whether tbe,  blankets were genuine'or not They  took** well, and weighed properly,  Ud I got �� blanket sent to me for  examination and analysis. We found  teon tbat there was cotton mixed with  Grochr's Stork.  the wool, and the question was as to  separating tbe two, because they were  thoroughly woven throughout, and lt  was onty by detaching the line fibres  from each other that you identified the  cotton fibre. I fell on tho device of,  using soda. I took a bit of blanket  and put it ln a vessel with soda, and  boiled it there, and very quickly tha  wool got eaten away by,the soda, and  thore was left behind tlie cotton as a  kind of skeleton���a sort of ghost���of  the original blanket out of which it  was taken. I mention this merely to  indicate to you tbo pernicious effects  of using caustic materials, which,  when employed strong by themsolves,  affect woollen articles In this way, and  -which,- oven - when-not- very ^-strong,-  will more slowly, but with equal certainty, tend to destroy the woollen  fibre."  Now, I want to tell you that ws  neighbors have had a talk over th*  matter, and we are not going to have  our clothes and hands ruined in this  way. Several of our neighbors who  know bavo proved to us that Washing  Sodas, Potash, Chloride ot Lime, aad  " soap substitutes " are most injurious  to clothes and hands. " Free alkali"  ln soaps ls practically the caustic soda  that barns tho clothes. Why, you  dare not keep Caustic Soda ln a tin  canister; It must be in an earthen jar,  or It will even corrode the tin I Now,  It's1 for you to,provide us with puro  soap without free.alkali, or we must  find lt elsewhere,  ' Madam, you enlighten me I So  many, soaps are. advertised as purs,  that I really took little heed to any  difference between them.  I havo one, however, that haa medical certificates of Its freedom from  freo alkali." It is guaranteed' pure;  and the makers offer 95,000 reward to  any ono who can prove lt Is not pure,  and further, I am authorised to return  the purchase money to any one finding cause for complaint  Let me see ,it! Why, Sunlight  Soap! It's a beautiful clean, fresh-  looking soap, and this Octagon soaps la  very handy.   Give me fire ban.   '  Not* by tie nottr.���This whole neighborhood I*  using Sunlight Bespnov. ifcaranomsrsinaxkliiiik  I hare no room In my (tor* now far reslnoos oooooo-  tiona ol alkali poluns: (rat It ia not tha growl's (wil  If tha publio ara ialUHed wlUi oomaoo scant. HUM  pnbllo ask for Bunlljhl Soap���ootsgoa Ur���Weeltt  The lovq of animals always indl-  eutes a noblo und geneious character* and doubtless (i-ticon Alexandra's  lot a of animals ���* has endeared her  doubly to her mnny subjects. England's Queen has & collection of pets  at Saudiinghum that contains a wide  vurlety, embracing dogs, chickens,  doves, horses und puriols. lluny  years ago wlien alio visited Ireland a  dove wus given lier as un emblem of  peace and good will, and on lier return to London she bought u mate  for it. Their descendants arc numerous, and tho Queen always lias one  specially trained for her boudoir.  This particular pet lias its cage in  the room uud will leave -it at her  call to perch ou ber linger or nestle  on her, shoulder. Theso doves aio nil  white, with pink eyes. A small island  in a pool is the home of a number of  foreign birds. Among them nicboinc  curious specimens, of which several  oyster catcheis are regarded as peculiarly interesting by tlielr owner.  Thoy havo black and vvhito pliunaife  and long rod bills, which they use  like scissors to detach the mollusk.  Three turtle doves ��ro recent additions. They woro on boaid tlio  steamer when Her. Majesty relairnod  from Denmark lust year, and she became so fond of them lhat tliey vvcio  senb to Sandringltum. Tho Queen's  kennels aro extensi c, nnd in them  aro collies, Newfoundlands, deer-  hounds and other varicli*;. I fer personal pets aro two .Japanese spaniels, which are carried everywhere  with her. Each kennel has a bedroom and a sitting room, and all  open upon a large central court'  room. Thero is also a hospital, nnd  when a dog dies it ls buried in a  little cemetery and a tombstone is  placed over its grave. Snm��� the  poodle who wns a pet of Princess  Victoria, lies hore. The Princess  used to have thc clippings from his  long nnd silky coat made into yarn  for crocheting little Bhawls. Queen  Alexandra is well Known by every  dog in the kennel, florses come in  for a goodly share of Her Majesty's  affection. Sho hns been a fine horsewoman from childhood and attain  rides noarly every day.  Ontario Stiitun to Q*t*-��-i VIetorlit.  ' Ontario's statue to the late Queen  Victoria has been placed in position  in Queen's Park on tho pedestal facing the eastern wing of the Parliament buildii^s, Toronto. Tho statue  is of broiue, uud represents the late  Queen, crowned, sitting on the  throne, tho sceptre in ono hand, the  orb ii< the other. 'Ihe height of the  statue is nine foet, and its base six  feet six inches by four feet six  inches. Tt was designed and exciul,-  ed by M. Raggi, and is an cxait io-  plica of that made by him for Hong  Kong, lt is perfect in likeness and  beauty of detail, and bears out all  that has been said of Itaggi's ability  te execute an appropriate monument  to so great a Queen. Thc pedestal,  which i3 ton fcot high and has been  in place for several months, is of  Stanstoad, Quo., granite, and the  main or die. stone alono weighs over  six tons. This stono bears two  bronzo tablets, one representing the  late Queen's first council meeting, the  second showing her lying, in .state  previous to burial, and on its front  a. wroath of laurel entwining the letters V. It., also in bron/e. Tho base  of the pedestal is thirteen by Un  feet. Tho wholo monument cost S10,.  000.  Tho Head of n Good Fender.  The head in bod cattlo shows a.  "good feeder." Observation and experience show a good feeding head to  be broad- and well filled between the  eyes, with a good, roomy binin box,  tapering nicely, and short from the  eyes to tho muzzle, which should be  wido and clean cut, with large, well  open nostrils. A large mouth usually  is tho first indication of good digestive capacity, and largo open nostrils go with good lung power and a  strong constitution. Tho whole head  is clean cut, with no superfluous flesh  on tho jaws. Thc horns, if present,  aro of medium sue and not coarse;  oars of medium sue, gracefully and  actively carried. The eyes are large,  full, bright, clear and placid. The  neck of most animals of extreme hecf  type ls reduced to tho shortest degree possihlo with usefulness. It is  moderately ��� full, with' clean ciit  throat, large, . woll defined windpipe  and little or no dewlap. Tho neck  Joins tho shoulder in full, even linos,  swelling into' tho shoulden, as it  were. * -  Good Adtlre.  The Farmer's Ouide says: "We nre  .askeil-how-much-dcbt-a man-with-a  quarter section farm should c.ury.  That depends. Assuming his farm  to bo worth $12,000 and the man a  hustler, turning his attention wholly  to tho 'production of meat products  on his farm, and not running a steam  thresher, ho might swing a debt of  $7,000 at 5 por cent. Still, this will  mako him sweat and grfmt befoi o he  gots it paid. Wc believe it is a  mighty good timo to shorten sail in  tho matter of indebtedness during  thoso days of agricultural prosperity  and not load up to tho limit, as sA  many aro doing. The money lendei h  will havo their innings again tome  day."  All for tlio ltral.  What wo need in adversity Is) na  Idea as part of our helm;, intertwined with our ftcllnff.i. that Clod is Just  as much rovealod la trials ns in blessings, that Ills goodness is i-hown  ill putting our moral fibre to Uurd  tasks|that will mnhe it athletic, nnd  so make us permanently noble,jib Uie  teacher's friendship is shown inputting tho scholar- to a tough lesson  that makes his mind sinewy nud wise.  Jlaby Minded All Right.  Kathryn, agcil lw0 and a half,  marched up' to hor threc-months-old  sister, and, pointing her linger toward tho window, said:. "Bnby, look  at that." Naturally the bnby's eyes  followed Kathryn's hnnd and Kath'-  ryn looked satisfied as she said:  "Baby mln' me*all wisrht."  He Says He Is Now Feeling Better Than He Has For  Many Years.  Au Oi>ou Letter In Wlilch a Prominent  Cltlsvn (jive* a Mruiitf ltecouiuiendtu  tlon for Dodtl'H Kidney 1'ilU, a Remedy  Wlilch Uttbit)! Jtestorod lilm to (loud  Heullli,  "Volluiid, Out., Oct. 20.���(Special)���  -Mr. J. J. Vokom, grocer und provision nierchunt of this pluce, has given  for publication uu opon letter as follows :���  "For tt year or more I had been  ailing vvith Kidney Troublo in all  of its woist forms. 1 had a very de-  piossud feeling in my hoad and littlo  or no appetite, a constant feeling of  lungour, und I became greatly reduced in weight.  "At times 1 was entirely Incapacitated.  "1 havo spent considerable monoy  in medicines of different kinds but  did not get any good results. I also  doctored with a physician of vast  experience, but got no benefit.  "At last I became discouraged and  hopeless ot ever being well again.  One day by luck I hqard of Dodd's  Kidney Pills and began to use them.  "From the first they seemed to  suit my caso exactly, 'and when I  had takon fivo boxes my old trouble  had entirely disappeared, and X was  feeling bettei than I had in many  years.  "I am now in splendid health and  able to stand greet exertion, In fact  my 'general health is better than it  has been in' a long time.  "Sinco my recovery I have told  many others of Dodd's Kidney Pills  and how they curod mo to stay cured. Many of them say it seems impossible and yet thoy know lt is  true."  (Signed),, J. J. YOKOM.  Mr. Yokom hns been a resident of  Wellnnd for years and. is known to  every man, woman and child in tho  town. He was born in thc neighboring township of Crowland, within 3  miles of his present homo, nnd Is  known ns a mnn of Christian principles who would not mnko a statement that would in any way be mis-  loading.  On Christinas every policeman in  the city of London receives from  Lord Rothschild a hriarwood pipe  nnd an ounce of tobacco.       '  Camillc Flnmrnnrion, the astronomer nnd social reformer, hns intro-  ottced a. bill in tho French Chnmbcr  of Deputies for the rationalizing of  tho calendar. Ho wnnts the yonr to  start with the vernal equinox, and  to consist of 301 days.       >  is one of the most important  things for every 'farmer to  consider. .  Blood Purifier  will build up a run down horse.  It tones up the system, rids  stomach of bots, worms and  other parasites which undermine an animal's health.  50 cts. a package.    *  LEEMING MILlCS & CO.  AGENTS.,   ...     MONTREAL.  Brooches.  THE Brooches here men-  , *    tioned may offer' s desirable suggestion (or Christmas  buying.  Each one Is of artistic merit  as well as surpassing value.  No, 13.120, at S3, la a Sur and  CrciccM dculja of Boa Pcarla and aoild  Gold.  No. 13317, al SlO.laaracoceo tcroll  detlfn In aolfd Gold, tnouated vlih a  Hae Amelhyat aurrounded wlcb Pearl*.  No. 13.1Bft.it $24, li a Pearl "Sua  Bum " of ciquiilic beauty.  Na, 13400, at $42, la a Clover Leaf,-  pived wllh One Peirlt, btvloi for Ita  centre a beautiful Diamond,  We lotranlee aafe delivery, and cheer.  fully refund the full price if a attention  la In any way uoaatlafactory.  Wrlu for our otw eaUlofua.  Ryrie Bros.,  Jewelers,  Taasa and Adelaide Struts,  Toronto.-  Ogilvie's Hungarian  As now manufactured,   The grout FAMILY FLOUR.  Insist oh getting "OGILVIE'S," mm they urs better than ths Best.  HAVB/MO   EQUAU  liiliiiiiii  "^'���>v!:,V;v'iv^ 'X''XX:''''y' : ===::ir^Afy' '���  i'   }  'T,-'t'^ :-,'���' - 'i **     I. ������    ��� ��� - ___T^     Jft " ���������.������-...... ���,'_i .,  r-"--'������:-."��� V1^-'-���-���������������?���>'���'---��������� --;;-������ I    L   Tl -.-��� ���������������*������������: ��� ��� -   ����� trr^J''-: ;  y^yM^yyykiW^yyyy^  ��i|$|^  Mother���"I wonder, how this new  hook got in such a horrible condition ? " Little Max���"I heard papa  sny it was too dry for him. So I  poured water on it."  MiiiuTu's Liniment Cnres Dipbtlieria.  By buying British coal, which pays  n shilling export tax per ton, the  Ujiitccl States is helping England to  piiy tiio co.st of the Boer war, says  the New York World.  Thoio never wns, and never will be, a  univci'Mil panacea, in one remedy, for all  ills to which flesh ia heir���tho very nature of many curatives beinjr such that  were the cerms of other and differently  seatoil dlseasert rooted in tho uybtein of  the patient���what would relieve one ill  In tuin would a^ravatc the other. We  have, how evor, in Quinine Wine, when  obtainable in sound, umululterated state,  a remedy for many and grievous ills. By  its tfiariual and judicious use the frail-  eat systems aro led rnto convaloscnre  and strength 'by tho influenco which Quinine exert* on nature's own restoratives.  lt relieve*) thn dioopinp spirits of those  with whom a chionic state or morbid  despondency and lack of interest in life  is a disease, and, by tranouilizintr thc  nerves, disnosos to sound and refreshing  slceo���imparts vljjor to the action ofthe  blood, which, beintj stimulated, courses  through the veins, atrenirthcniiiff the  healthy animal , functions of the syotejn.  thereby making 'activity a necessary result, strengthening tho frame, and giving  life to the digestive organs, which natu-  rallv demand incieased substance���result,  improved appetite. Northrop & I/vmnn,  of Toionto. have given to the public  their superior Quinine Wine at the usual  rnte, and, guaged by the opinion of  scientists, this wine approaches nearest  porfccMo-: of any in the market. All  diuggists sell it.  tOPvHUHT  TnirPrf  mm above  all   other   CiRiirs   fall  Jutit   bucuuHO   of   that   Ktrut't   llavor   we  keep   telling   you   nliout.    It's   thot-).'.  Try   otic.    You'll   And   It.      c  GEO. F. BKYAN & CO., WINNIW5G.  A young sportsman had mistaken a  calf for a deer, and the calf wits  breathing its last. "T-Toll mother,"  pasped the dying martyr, addressing  tho sympathetic sheep,' who stood  near by, "t-tell mother t-that I died  game."  FVnCF.l) OUT.���None but those who  huve hecome fajrir*'tl out know wluit n cle-  pref-cd. miserable feclinc it Is All  strength i.s ffone, und dcbpondenry him  tnken hold of the sufferers. The.v feel ni  though tlicio is nothiiiK to live for.  There, however, is a cute���one box of  I'nnuelco's Veerctnble I'llls will do wonders in roslorinir health iiml strength  Mandrnko and Ditndclion ure two of the  nrticlos enterinir into tho composition of  Rurmelee'a Pills.  One small portion of tho Wankio  coalfield in Rhodesia is estimated to  be capable of yielding 1,000 tons per  day for 100 years.  Postage stamps don't get licked for  sticking to business.  Miuard's Liniment Cnres Distemper.  The railroads employ In the Stato  of Nebraska 18,500 mon on thcir  toads."  ft****-*************-^**  AFTER THIS  5T IS YOUR FAULT  if you sufferwith what is generally known as ���  liud Liver.  ' Fleming's No. 9 Liver Pilla.  will effectually roliovo tho worst rase of Bilioas  Ucaducl.o, Constipation, In Ltestion. ana by  cloausiuff and pnrifjiu# the stomach relievo  thf system of many of the p >isons that bring  on fover*. Asle your druggist for them; If he  hits none send u�� 'Ho tot a bottle, or $1.00 (or  I tattles,  FLEMING'S DRUG STORE, BRANDON  ��������??9?99��9��9����?'?$?��9  IMPERIAL MAPLE SYRUP  The quality standard from  Ooeoa  to '  Ocean.   Your monay back If not  satisfactory. -  R08K A LAFI.AM3IB, Agts, MONTREAI-.  It  is usually  gives nilront.  the backbiter    that  Mr. Thomas Ditllnrd, Syracuse. N. Y..  writes : "I have been alllictcd for nearlv  u year with that most-to-he-drended disease Dyspepsiat and at times worn out  with pain nnd want of sleep, and nfter  trvinpr almost everything recommended. I  tried ono box of Parmeleo's Vegetable  lieve thev will cure mc 1 would not be  w ithout them for nnv monov "  Tt is a mistake to think that uo  can make our homes comfortable  with heated discussions.  A dark secret is the kind that usually comes  to light.  Lever's Y-Z HV'Iso Iteatll Disinfectant  .Soap Powtier dusted iu the tiuth softens  the water at tho aomc time that it disinfects.  ���\ no\plty in divorce is reported  from a littlo town in Austria, wlu-ip  tho p.ii'llc.s in a recent enso issued  cuds of invitation to thoir i'i iends  In be present nt tho trial.  HALCYON HOT SPRINGS  Arrow Lako, B. O.  Situ cited midst ncencrj unrivalled tow  grandeur. The m��-st complete health r��*  tort on tliu conlineut of North Amorlca.  Itff baths cure ull Kervoui and Mumi-  lar dlioaaei. IU waton hen! all Kldnay,  Liver and Htomach ailment*.  They are a never-fai ling remedy foi all  llheuinutlc troubles.  TEUM ?1S to SIS per wtek* tccordio* .  to residence iu Holt1 or Vlllui.  T. H. METCALFE & CO.  Grain and Commission Merohanta. ;-  lligheftt price* pnld for uheat, oats, barley or flax In crtrlotn. Wire or write ma  for price* before selling. Liberal advances made on coutdsuinents ond handled  on commission. Licensed and Bonded.  F, O. Box 550, Winnipeg, Man.  ^THE BUTTERMAKER ���  Mast Use It To Be Successful.  THOUSANDS LIKK HRH.���Tctm Mt-  Lcotl. Sovern Ilrldue, writen: *:I owe n  debt of jrrntituilc lo llr. ThomnH' !��clcc-  trie Oil for curlntr tne of a "Povern rolil  thnt troubled nin nearly nil Inst winter,"  In ordor to eivp n oiilettiH to a hnrklii^  coucrli take a dose of Dr. Thomas' ISclec-  tric Oil thrice n dnv ur nftener if tho  cough spells render it neceHsnry.  Ontario fanners nro having mui'Ii  tioubl.t willi foxos which aro carrying  o(T their hens. It is-very many jfiirs  sinco foxos were so plentiful In tl.o  east as they arc this season.  Minard's Liniment Cnres Colds, Etc.  Men    going   down   In the now sub  marines   for   the   first two or throe  times become nlmpst.stupefied/by .tho  strong fumes of gasoline used in pro-,  polling the'vessels.  In tho autumn and winter seasons  tho best and most successful buttor-  Bdkers in Canada uso Wells, Richardson & Co.'s Improved Butter  Color in order to give tho butter that  lovely and dolicato Juno tint that is  so much admired by lovers of fine  table huttor.  Wolls, Richardson & Co.'s Improved Huttor Colo/ is to-day, nlmost'  tho only kind that Is used In ths  Croainwies and Dairies of Canada.  Thero aro other colors sold and sometimes substituted for Improved Butter Color, but wlso nnd experienced  buttcrmakors avoid them, knowing  they aro not reliable.  When you aro buying butter color,  insist upon getting tho best, the  strongest and tho most economical.  Your neighbors and friends will tell  you that Wells, Richardson & Co.'s  Improved Butter Color is the best.  All druggists and dealers.  Ambition never grows old; in fact  it seldom gets beyond the age of indiscretion.,      *      *     *       ' '  The _ wax , bullet . invented for the  harmless"I'arisVducl may bo.added to  the accessories ��� of..(uturo war garnet*  ���''"-I**,!  ,1  :?i  A\  i I  A  -���I  \  - t  %  i* 3  'J  ���t"  I  - -J  'X [^OtariEarawtMitsJHa..  THE INDEPENDENT.  'SATURDAY.........NOVEMBER   23,1902 ,  $300 Sea!  to be given away on Christmas Eve to the  holdovs of the. lucky coupon.  '    Evory Dollar Cash Purchase entitles you to a  coupon, two dollars two coupons, five dollars five  coupons ami so on.  See daily papers for full particulars.  (Successor to'Scott ���� Kennedy)  303 Hastings Street,       Vancouver, B. C.  No Weak Spots!  Our UNION MADE Shoes  from,..Canadian and American Union factories are the  best in the land. Men's,  " Ladies' and Children's Shoes,  durable and stylish. .  THE PATERSOK SHOE CO., LD  301 Hastings St.  MEWS OFTHE LASiOK WOKLD  Over 100,000 people ):. Now York arc  :<_v:cted from their hoiuus ovory twelve  months because the.v are unable to pay  front,        d  'Eight operators ut Neu- Orleans ami  iiO at I'itlsbunj have been discharged  hy thc' Western Union Telegraph for being; members, of a. union.  At the Nov.' Orleans convention Paniel  . - o  J.1, Keefe,  president-of  the International  Longshoremen,    vMarine    and    Transport  ^Vorhers, said:  '*\Ve want a new charter.  Our - association   has   outgrown   the "ono  ive luiAv.     We want  thc "murine  workers  .to  come  under  our. banuer. and   , be  of  "us.".  The wage controversy between thc  aailroads and the ISrotherlioud of Kail-  Wny Trainmen, which for a time threatened to tie, up all the principal switching terminals in Chicago, was amicably  adjusted Tuesday at \i conference "between the' railroad managers and odi-  cials of the brotherhood. The men will  receive an .increase, of about Iii per cent.  Commercial West reports that .Tumcs J.  HiU'has begun the development.:.' pf a  steel and iron industry in the west  whicli will rival anything''* of' the sort in  ^.thc worid. Uo will establish at Great  Palls an ���iron -.properly, that will cull  for the truusfo'niiation of the old silver  smelter [ oi the American Smelting and  HcfUiing coiiipany, 'which has ; not been-  in operation for tliree years, into > un  immense'iron and stceliuill.  Sniil Law, of Chicago, the first  ���Chinaman to have, his name enrolled:on  thc mcnibership list of a labor union, llo  is an expressman, and sought out one  of the oi'tcials of the Expressmen's union to ;|>ut tin an application ior membership. The retjuest has been granted, and Sam lias been received into the  Express' Wagon Driyers' union. lie, is  proud of his.incmbership ciifrcl and omits  no opportuity to display it..  English' municipal enterprises seem to  pay. w .- Darlington,; after six years of  uiumcijml enterprises, has made, a net  profit, of'^350,000,. relieving the rates  of'each'.family^ in"'. the > 'town to an  average amount: of $7.50; Birmingham's  profits in five years arc $6lS,Gi0;0 Bolton's, $l,002,U2i5; Lecd's, ." $872,015;  Nottingham's, 5020,000; .Manchester's,  $2,210,000, while ���,the wnter rate also  hns been reduced from 5d.: to Id. in thc  pound.  GRIFFITHS REPLIES TO  FOLEY.   '  l-.-lSPBCIAL^OFFElV  From now until tho end of 1003 The  Independent may be had for 51.25. Vie  liopo that this offer will uo taken .advantage of and that each subscriber will  see to.it that at least one now name  will ,1)0 added to the list. If tho workingman don't exert themsclvos to push  .their paper how Is it possible to mako  its usefulness as far reaching in their  causo as any  on  tho continent?  (St������������������������������������������  1 Tbe Salt  lof Life  I      is businei's.   Wc wunt moro of ffi  i it.   We'll net it if mi out und out ffi  bargain will fetch it.  ��� flow Is This  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle  or  Fountain Syringe  75c.  1 The MeltowcII, Atkins,  |      Watson Co., Ltd. Liability |  g UP-T0-0ATE DOJCGISTS. @  &@����������������������������������6^  To tho Kditor of Tin: Ikhki'RSBKKt:  .Sir,���In last week's issue ot your paper appears an article by -Mr. Foley,*  dealing with the supposed "community  oi interests'- between the property owners 'mill proporlyless: Sow, I hope Jlr.  Foley is'7 not above criticism, for it is  largely due to the exchange of. ideas  that knowledge is acquired, and it is  for tliu purpose of- desseiiiinating a truo  knowledge ot economics,among the readers of your papor that 1 submit tho following corrections, hop ng I'll-- Foley  will givu this subject the study it . ' deserves. '- The Socialist Labor party- contends, and can prove, that labor produces all'wealth. Wages aro tho part-of  labor'-s proiluct that the workingman is  allowed to keep; profits arc the;'present  and running stealings perpetrated by tlie  capitalistiiijion tho working class from  dny to day; capital is. the accumulated  'past; stealings of the capitalist used, for  tlie exploitation of labor. If profits increase the share of labor decreases, lit  wages - increase profits docreaso.y.Therc-  fore, as Do Leon has Veil; said, "between the working class and -the capitalist class there is    :      :' :."  '���".: An.Irrepressible Conflict: '...  n class struggle for lite. No glib-  toiigiiod .politician can vault, over it, no  ���capitalist1 professor or oUicial statistician can argue it'awiiy; no capitalist  parson" cun veil'it; iio labor .fakir, can  straddle it; no- reform7 architect / can  bridge it o<*i*i*. It is a strugglo thai wMU  not clown, ,and must either be ended by  either the toliil'sirn.iu'e/ution of the working class, or tho abolition of; the capitalist class.'.' What Jlr. Foley imagined  to bo common., interests,,only; appears- so  from, a too superficial investigation of  the subject, and "like the earth being  flat anil the sun revolving around tho  earth, can bo provedna bo illusionary.  Jlr. Foley cites ns an instance of the  community"'of interests'-,' between tho  working class. and the capitalist class,  tho honusing of the sugar refinery - hy  the city. Yot.I. fail to seo by his Illustration wherein that community exists.  What,would have been the result of_��� a  refusal on the part of the city to grant  tho .bonus'-."Boforo going further I will  premise-by stating that it is a funda-  menlal law of capital to procreate or  seek profitable investment by exploiting  -_a*bor.L_Obvlo.usly,JLh'en,_hadJlio^clty re-  1 will confino myself to; ono, notable instance: "Between the years 1849 and  1S5S) agricultural wasos increased in  Oreat liritain over *10 per , cent. Yet  despite  The Russian Wnr  and the consecutive unfavorable harvests, the average price of wlieat fell  from "X.. u ijuarlur ior the years 1S33  to llilS to X2 His. a ipiarter for the  years 1S4U to J S3'.). 'Ihis constitues a  fall iu tlio price of wheat of more than  Hi per cent-, Miuiilliineous Willi an average rise of wages of over -10 per cent.  This upplies lo the wages of factory  operatives in I! rout liritain only in Jo.  inodilied form during the same period.  In filet, 1 could show how, in numerous  instances. high-priced labor produces  low-priced commodities, and low-priced  labor high-priced commodities. , If the  prico of, say, cane sugar declines below  the point of profitable production  through the demand falling, 'on account  of "a substitute being used, capital will  eiuigratu into the domain of the substitute, tlie demand making it more profitable, and the workers could 'work  manufacturing the substitute,' suy, beet  -sugar, us well as. manufacturing caiie,  Jlr. Foley asks further '"has not thc  miner on Vancouver Island dwelling in  liis cosy cottage, surrounded* by: his  loved ones, no common interest witli  Jlilliotiaire "Junsiuuir in tlio oil fuel experiment now going on in California-.'"    If :'      ,  Coal alining" ' ,:  iiecomos unprofitable -Mr. Dunsmuir w*ill  close down liis mines and invest iu a  more profitable industry, and the miners dwelling in their shacks (iiot worthy  of the name of homo) will not enter' into liis consideration at all. iNoto .the  way Uunsinuir compelled the' miners at  Kxtension to; either pay him tribute or  lose tho'.r jobs, by making them move  to Ludysniitli, not^ satisfied with exploiting tlieir labor power us an industrial capitalist,.ho wishes to exploit  tliem as landlord also. If oil fuel becomes .more profitable to . use, and all  coal mines-shutdown, it is simply the  logical outcome ofthe evolutionary law  applied .to industry���the supplanting of  hand by machine-made products. Coal  mines are simply death traps anyway,  and the sooner a substitute is found  tlmt wiil iio the work with less' lubor  and-less risk the better for the human  race.' T'lui more capital intensifies thu  struggle 'for life, b'y concentrating into  trusts aiid combines,, thus crushing . out  tho middle class, and tlie more machinery develops and makes the living of  tho producer "'more, precarious and, uncertain.the sooner will the property less  see the ,. -:.  "  -It.: ���  .    -,'���        . :���-:    ���  Necessity of Combining ���.���:''--:,���  to'.' own aiid operd'te the machinery. " of  production aiid distribution, ��� together  with'*the.land, so that the whole peoplo  may receive, tho benefit , of;,..tho. giant  "modern industry", the ,;.; workers have  created, the" bettor it will, bo ; for''���'./the  human race iind thuV quicker will that  glorious ' ideal,' the co-operative 7 common w-cult)1| in which each, will work for  all,, and all for each,'be realized. For  socialism is but the outgrowth, of capitalism, ns capitalism grew out of feudalism. And mentally unhinged7 as Jlr.  Foley or other "gieat" ' thinkers may  imnglno llioin to be, they nro over ready  to champion tlieir causo 'against all  coiners, reformers especially invited. And  should Jlr. Foley care to take up tlio  cudgels "for , tho organisation he'-rcprc-i  sonts, the l'rovincial Progressive party,  or if he thinks ho can provo the non-ex-  .stenco of the,irreconcilable struggle between tho, working class nnd the capi-.  talist class, both the S. L. IV and myself are over ready to accommodate. .  i'i- "i'i WJlV CHIFFITHS.V  61'Powell     street,  Vancouver, 13.  C,  Nov.'20,  1902. . ���'������'. '. "      ���'.'".  1  Quality  :*i. Is''a silent salesman $  :K constantly going about ;lf  VH-' the city disposing of our *'  | Pasteurized and I  I   Clarified Milk   ^  *     Listen  to bis  �� and order from  .1*  advice ^  v*..,ri  w-7 \-iX$  % international lce|  f and Storage Co. |  $ Phone 415  VGore Avenue. ���  fused tho bonus of Jlr. Ilogors, ho would  have goifb  elsewhere,  or   else  built  Without tho llomis  or had it not pail to build without the  bonus ho Wdfild fave invested his capital In some other Industry. Itut wherein  docs this nlYea tlio propcrtyicss wngo-  worker-' Tho propcrtyicss having no  stnke In this locality could move, and  do move, to the placo where capital is  operating. The only class that would  benefit b.v nu industry 'starling in any  particular locality would bo the property-owning class, whoso property would  enlmnco iu 'value on account of wage-  workers gravitating to that particular  place. Mr. Foley claims further, that  "the employees are equally interested  with Jlr. Hogcrs In tho price of sugar  in Hong Kong. China, etc., and that a  decline in price would bo a loss to labor." How* so? The only commodity  whose price interests tho working class  is tlieir labor power. The fall in the  pricu of sugar would not necessarily affect thcir wages, any more than the  prlco the teanlster gets for tho delivery  of goods would affect tho amount ot  fodder tho horso will receive. Not wishing to'encroach on your valuable space,  Pacific Bottling  Works  Importers and Bottlers  '   G0BE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  Tlio 'ballot is the -oiily weapon with  which' wo can light capital.  To use fthut weapon intelligently wo  must -know something about the ��� industrial evolution. V  Head Collectivism. Cloth, 'SO conts;  paper,  25 cents. :-:  tm   ram    iL.wii;��ii_ift.vi^,  530 Westminster Avenue.  SNiDER'S; SrBffiE ST��RE  V 632'   GRA-NVHiLE   STREET, '".;,  ; Carries a full line of  UNION; LABEL SHOES."  The   Union   Label   guarantees*  wages and good. workmanship.-/. 77  No scab labor,        -iAijA"  fair  CORNKU   HASTINGS   AND     CA1U3IE  '���'-   VSTREETKiV VANCOUVER.    V"  i-ifew; modern' and strictly first-class;  !gooil:,7sarnple rooms;- free ��� 'bush' Week  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. m;,: lunch  12 m".'*to 2 p. m., dinner, 0 to 8 p. ni.  Sundays���Urcaktast 7:30 ; to 10:30 ;,a.  m., lunch'12:30 to 2 p. m., dinner, 5:301  to1 7:30 p. m. Rates ?2 and * upwards  por day. HAYWOOD V & PRESCOTT,  Proprietors. ,-  ;    -      .   '  TmJoaqall House  310-312.ABDOTT STREET, VANCOO-  ���'.".'.''���'>*'���"'.,' "VER, II. C. X.y'ijjfl  Restaurant and Bar. Urcaktast C. to  10, merchants' luiich: 11 to 2,; 25c* dinner 5 to 8, 125c; lunches put up: eastern and '.Olympian oysters; short orders \a. .specialty at -./all hours;,  meal. tickets ,?'l; best 25c.: incal in .the  city.71 D. BURTON, Proprietor.     /  VANCOU-  319   SEYMOUR   STREET,  .':/*. - .ver; r: -ii i'iiAx,  Having the only up-to-date grill room,  in British Columbia, which in itself is a  guarantee of a first-class hotel and res-,  taurant. Business Hen's LUNCH, from  12 m, to 2:30 p. m., only 25 cents.  A FREE IMP JO NEW YORKi  '���'   ,,-���������.: ���'. ...-A** ���    ft''-'-*-      -   ''���'���' :������ ''' ���.���">*���  Raplh's great guessing contest is now om<   The porson; who guesses* 2L  the nearest to the number of beans in the bottle-in our window gets a    S"  '"RETURN TRIP TICKET,TO  NEW YORK.J .   .ii-.;:      .. ;f , ; ' $-  ONE GUESS FOR EVERY DOLLAR YOU  SPEND HERE.  Buy your heating stovo hero and then guess away.   (  ,���126 Hastings St.  &    - V ���    SOLEAGENT    '.,    V. _' *  _'.. '���"  X.9W,9%&^{9X9i^  vercoa  Although it's our business to remind you of your Clothing needs, yet we think  I the atmosphere of last night and this morning helped us out a bit in that respect.  Au Overcoat is particularly appropriate just now. Of courso you know/ this  I house sells everything'-.in Overcoats' tlnit is worth selling. Our Overcoats are  I conspicuous for their newest Ideas, the nobbiest styles, tho choicest materials, the  j best tailoring, and the fairest of prices. *   '  JOHNSTON, KERf OOT & CO/  104 aiid 106 Cordova Street. V        V     7  Trunk Store I2r Hastings St., 0|if>. Wm; Cash's.,    V  VNOTQICE^  NOTICE IS IIEItEBY GIVEN', thnt application will lie mnde to tlie Parliament of Cnnndn,  iu tho next Bitting thereof, fornn Act mcoporii.  ting a Company, under the name of tho "Vancouver nnd Const Kootenay Hallway Company,"  to construct nnd operate a lino of Knilway,  frnm anoint at or nonr tho City of Vancouver  Uicnccsnuth easterly to the City of New Westminster and across the Fraser Itiver; thence  easterly by tho most feasible route, to a puiiit  nt nr near Midway, In the boundary Creek  District; from 11 point on the mnin lino of the  railway south ofthe Ftusor, to a point at or near  the mouth of the '"nisei Kiver; from a point on  the mainllu^eiiHtof Hope, tn a point at or near  N'h'ol'i Lake; and from a point on the malnllno  of the railway nt or ueur the Cltj' of Vancouver,  northerlv neross llurrnrd Inlet, nt the rnont  fen>lble point, to North Vancouver Munlcipnll-  iv, theiiec wosierly to a point at or near the  liioutli ol tlio Cnpllimo Creek.  WITH 1'0'VKK to construct ��� and operate  branch lines, from any point on the malnllno  ofthe proposed railway or liranulicH thereof,  not exceeding in any ono enso thirty (��0) mllca  In lunetli; and witli power to construct, owu  and operate'wharves, docks, elevator* and  warehouses in connection therewith; niul tn  conatmct, own, and operate Btcnm and oilier  vessels, on any navigable waters; und with  power to construct, own, maintain, and operate  a siiltablri furry, from tho most - convenient  polut on tho Mainlnnd of British, Co-  luiiibla, to the most convenient * point  on Vancouvor Island, Io.bb to mako connection with the City of Victoria, or to  connect thorowlth by the same; to construct,  operate and maintain telegraph and telephone  lines, along tho route of tho proposed railway  or Its branches, and to transmit messages for  commercial purposes, and to collect tolls tborc-  for, to 'genomic electricity for power and  lighting purposes, and for all rlgbta, power;  and previlegcs necessary usual, or incidental  to all or any of the aforesaid purposes.  Dntcd at Vancouver, this lst day of October,  A. D. 18B. ��� D & MACDONEIfL.  , Solicitor for Appllcai.ti.  .'    We have now in stock a full line of- the:best Heating Stoves ln'the market  and have made a very low   price", on them tb clear them out in a. hurry. V..,:  COAL BASE BURNERS, COAU HOT DRAFTS, "n*OOD HOT DRAFTS, '..  PLAIN AIR TIGHTS, CAST TOP AIR   TIGHTS, ETC., ETC.; ; /V./.;  & Co..  Phone 44.  122 Cordova StreotT. Vancouver, B.C.  Phone' 1063.  *,/.���' ."��� [;\\ .,  yyyyX AyiJ .y.A yAii'iJ'yJijAyxiA;: "ii'AAyxXjyA-XX.  X:'i    "'     'Jyi'Xi-:."-''--   i'"    ii"'.i :*:'���:���'������--���*'��� XX Ai :-.~ A l]   yA      Al :Jy.-y,:-  , 7    ���: 7 :;' WHOLESALE :GR0CER3;:77v7V7';: '.fyyi  Cordova ^ndvWater'Streets-V; -��� ��� yancouver^BV/GVVV  -��� -iii,.DS^- Headquarters for7 Domestic and lm-x-i  ported Ctyars andvSimpking;Sqn(dries.V v  v:/:i,',l';/^  I iiuilders' supplies,yy  f CONTRACTORS' SUPPLIES^  |:/;:; LOGGERS'''SUPr��iE^-^^-v  |0}Li" """"  W:  %���'-        ...     ,,.  :-|.'V':'-V:V.7V;:-*'''''-;':'V':';3397Hastings'/;Street;:V-^vV  "&��z  ������������i��^S����������(^  o��e  e����  ;:;7-V7*^VV-S^TI^-i0reaivFam  ;[i - If ^ourV&eaferVliasn't got( ityVTeleplioiie 4-2-9.VVV  ����� '"Xxyyyyiyvy��� '.^wte-Mwyyxyxxxi  ^";"; .^'; i"^"J r"^ V;^,v^A.^ ^Eypzcii^- -"'3?i n ts^^J .(i>^ -' -^ :V- ��� .f>V Vl^'"V:^.v. VVr-V^  IvVasKouve^ Breweriesv;v lltd.vi  12)'/...,, _  ���__;/ ,>-',-..:: -./.-///-/..-,- ��� .*'.���//. .vi:.'. .'���'. '.yy'i.' ,7   ���'-.-'. y. -���-��� .:���-������������   w  jiii v!,';V7'V7V7V17'V;V,Vancouver,;7B.X;'VV:;.-,:;V-:: f;i:-Xii  i.%  -' Because, we haveV'the stock^to ./g. ���;'  A 1 supplyVyou^theVbest; 'V-'i'VVVVV''*^1-.  -Because our attention will assure .;���"':'.  ���7,'-;best service:'^S'".;iJs'.;"':fe-;''...���/-.'-������''���'���'���Vjlf'' ':���  1-. '������"������������'������ --.-:��������� ���-yy' :y'-y- yyy:iyy:;.:-i4>-;���;  sc Because ;:-we: can-'save:youVtime;'; JK-V-;  I'i- and: money..: :':X::,y:yi:Xi:"i---;Ai ������.:''-'  '������--���yy.yi. yy :y-:Xiy.yyyiXy'iyy. i;y^(Xy  'Because :one, order/Is.'a step /to-.'��� ���**V7'  '- wards', a permanent custo'nier.''; -^   ;;;  JUST FOR A  TRIAL ORDER   make up a dozen or two of  "FJLAT  C10ODS"   an*  allow     lis  to launder them.  Wo will send for thei,: and tend  thorn  homo  beautifully   done up.  The Cost is  Only 24t a doz.  You must be fair and sgnd ub  1 fair proportion ol largo mid  email pieces���towels, plliowdlips,  sheets, bedspreads, dusters mid'  "audi like goods���gooila that can'  -  be put through tho mangle.   .  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  010-03.4 Richards Street. TcrrSte"  Branch oflice in Arcade-  Tel, 117B.  >������������������ ����������������������>������-  0,  o  inmrnnl  % .  ��THI     i jfr-  m' 't  AdvertiM in Tbe Independent*  a  t  Beginning Young *  When eyes arc ��� found to hnvo  any defect, however, slight, there  is but one thing to dot Trovido  glasses early. Have them examined  by our doctor of optics, Mr. AI7  Inn, and get a pair ' to* fit you  properly.*! A111-work guaranteed.  DAVIDSON BROS.,  , The Jewelers and OptioUns, ,  US Cordova St.   ,  fr <fr^0ifr fr 1^10��^'^i0^fc 0^0i  <

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