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The Independent Nov 22, 1902

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Array m,  vJ  TV  i  w  B) l*i  I  G. R.Maxwell, M. P  Departs This Life  "Vancouver Loses a Strong Man and the Cause of Humanity  _ a Friend���A Worker in the Mine He Rose by His  Own Perseverance to the Highest Position  in the Gift of His Fellow Citizens.  It is tho sad duty of Tho Independent  -to chroniclo the death of l Mr. Georgo  3titchio Maxwell, M. P., who passed  from this lifo on Wednesday niornlng,  just(aftor midnight, at his residence on  Hastings street m this city. His demise  ���was not unexpected, indeed, had it not  lioan for his wonderful vitality and will-  Jiower liis death would have occurred  jbefore, and Ins physician frequently expressed surprise nt tlio wuy he resisted  .-the ravages of tho droad disease.  lly his doath the city of Vancouver  lias lost a strong inan, and Tho Independent acknowledges,with gnef the loss  or a Iriond as woll of its own as of tho  Tanks of labor generally.  Born of poor parents at Stnnchousc,  South Lanark, Scotland, nnd left a  fatherless boy at the ago of ten years  TVith a mother and sister, ho early  ^learned tl'p old, old story that man shall  Ji\e by the sweat of his blow, for at  tho ago of 11 yoars ho had to leave  school and went to earn what littlo ho  could In a caul mine lo help keep the*  wolf Irom tho door. In thoso days ho  worked 12 hours a day m tho bowels of  Iho earth. Does any one wonder why  in after life he was the working man's  Jfricnd? Why, ns a minister of the gospel many of his best sermons were on  jUio  social   and   economic   questions     of  names and faces, and gieat oratorical  powers, ins advent into politics was  easy and ulmost natural, ills urst^appearance on the political platform wus  against tho measures pioposcd by lion.  Theodoio Davie, pienuer of Hritlsh Columbia. Mr. Maxwell was prevailed upon to tako tho plu tfoi m ugninst that  gentleman at his mcmoiablo meeting in  Vancouver and on that occasion won a  reputation as a political orator that any  mun might well bo proud of, nnd sur-  pii.sed e\en his most anient admlreis.  In 1890 bo was prevailed upon to contest the constituency of llurrard in the  interests of those opposed to the then  consciviitivc dominion government and  was elected, lie immediately iniscd his  voice in tho interests of this western  country, the question neai est his heart  being the stopping of -Mongolian emigration into Canada. Again and again, session after session, was his -voico raised  both in parliament nnd ui eastern Canada (whero tho question is not understood) against tins imiiflgration. ln  1000 ho, with tho aid of tho other  western members, succeeded in having a  commission appointed which reported  just boforo the last session, tho report  being iu lull substantiation of his oft-  leitoiated views. Owing to the coronation  and  thc  desiro  to have tlio report  when ho was on his death bed wus that  he was not allowed to complcto an extensive book of rcfeicuccs to Bonis of  literature, which ho had been steadily  preparing for inan'y years. But buih is  life. Cut oil at tho early age ol -10 (he  would have been -17 next Januury), in  the prime of manhood, endowed with  moro than ordinary ability and with  bright piospccts ahead. Wo have but to  mourn his loss and extend our sympathy)  and suppoit to the bereaved wifo and  fatheiless family in their timo of tr al  and  adiiction.  The fiiuoiiil took jilnco on Thuistli  the 20ln, at 2 p. m., from the Fijst  l'rcshyteiiun chuicl., being under the Ui-  iccliou ol the Masonic older as desuod  by tlio deceased.  A TRIBUTE OF RESPECT.  lie had the kindliest of hearts. Tin  is no   quality   of  human  natuie   so   admirable.     Indeed, 'the   usefulness   ot   tho  a I  individual to lus fellows is governed by  his largeness of heait; his " depth Jof  compassion;  lus piomptings to icnoutiic  I  self in the effort to p-id otLcis,  Such weie the ultubutes of my fiieu'd.  the woild's friend, Ceo.. It. Maxwell.  For one of his abilities thero wero  courses iu life other than" the ouo lie  adopted, less irksome and tmbro lemu'n-  erative. But he was ono of the few���  tlio all too fow���to whom the pursuit  of wealth had no atti actions. The  world is over ready to applaud a chai-  lty from the abundance of the wealthy,  but it is painfully true that too often  thc people only piofit by their dentil.  In tho demise ol one whoso daily impulses wcio chinitable kindliness, the  world's loss ls more than that of dollars. Th.s duy I witnessed all" that was  moi till oi him enfolded in* mother earth.  His good deeds will live and Ins name  will be uitforgottcn for many,a year. '"  E. T. BREMNER.  bull tcirier in tho woild. Roscoo and  Sims, direct from the east, aro high  class comedy instrumentalists. The Z:m.  merinnns como forward In One Torch ol  Natuie. Hiss llcatricu Lome, tlio sweet  singoi, will also take part. Post and  ���lames in modeln school ot acting. Tho  Sistei s Hi owning will produce a new  sketch. May Ashley will sing ono of  her very latest songs. Pert Croix, tho  winsome little singer, will nlso bo  the list. Jas. F. Post, supported by  Jlr. Stnik, will be seen in the laughablo  comedy, Urnml Pa's llu Unlay. Como  and have a good tunc.  A. F. Baiber, electrical cnntiuctoi,  dnnville stieet, luis been declared unfair by tho Elecliicul Woiker's union  No. 211), and tlio liuildiiig Tindcs Council, The lenson foi tins is that tlio job  on the Hotel Vniiiouvci is non-union,  and Harbor, as is alleged, m tlio face ol  tins fuit has put appientues to woik  theie. This is a gross bleach oi tlio  rules of the union. Those engaged  tlio tiiulii nre nsked to please take notice of this and uvoul going to woik ut  the new* annex of the Hotel  Vancouver  TRADES AM) LAW COWL  SEATTLE N01ES.  THE  LATE GEO KG E UITCHIK  MAXM'EfX,   51.  P.  ibe day? Why, as a politician, his best  dlorts were duected tow.'.idtho impiove-  ment of the conditions of laboi? "Iiut."  Iio said, not long ago, "one does not  realize how-helpless he is to do any*  tiling for labor till ho tncs to accomplish something  in  piuliumcnt."  By his own indomitable plmk and  Iicrbcrvance, aftei several yeais of labor  in, the coal mines by day and studying  by night he was enabled to ulfend the  -university at Glasgow, and after a successful theological course, in which ha  look high honoi s m languages, he graduated anil was oidain'cd a minister in  tho  established   church   of   Scotland.  Bo came to Canada in tho early eighties, dud lus first pastoial charge was at  St. Sylvester in Quebec. Later on, ho  moved to Tlneo Rivers. In both places  lie got on well wllh both English and  JFrcnch, and some of his warmest friends  in after life weie among the lattor nationality at Thice Ith ers.  In 1800 ho cuhtic to Vancouver to taka  chargo of tho First Presbyterian' church  hero, nis task was a hard one as the  church was badly divided, as .sometimes  unfortunately occurs, but IiIb good-  l&arted, kindly disposition and tuct  overcame tho difficulties, and by hard  work ho succeeded in building up  . cood congregation, und it was under his  rgmstorato that the lino edifice now occupied by tho congregation was built.  UUways a keen * observer of men and  -things, a great student ol social and  political questions, a nitty, jovial, tree  *li��l>os_tton, and an excellent memory for  piinted nothing was dono last session.  But the wnter lias heard tho deceased  expic-s his determination that this coming session must faco the question. But,  alas, that \oicc is stilled forever. As a  politician ho was a success and was listened to by the government, as the many  improvements in bis constituency will  attest.  Ills was a ".strenuous life" in its truo  sense, and ho had but fow lcisuie moments. What leisuiu he had from other  duties wus spent in bis binary, and it  was theio with his books sand ho had a  splendid collection to which ho'was always adding) around him that ho was  iu his happiest moods. He loved books  us a hoi solium loves his hoise. Thoy  weie his iiicndx. Thiough them as ha has  often cfpiesseii a to the writer, ho  tulked to Plato, Homer, Byron, Milton,  ltuskln, Carlylo, nud a host of others,  iiiuung whiih, peihaps, wus the greatest  favorito of all, "llobblo liurns." Ho  knew eveiy book in his library, every  beautiful or striking phrase, sontenco or  verso wus noted far reference as well us  references to a multitudo of various subjects. All of these wero noted in books  of leierenco, so that thoy could bo  luiued up at a moment's notice. Thus  it was that ho was enabled to inako his  sermons, lectures, addresses und even  political speeches sclntllato with \tho  most beuutiiul gems of poutry and proso.  He was a gieat lover ol poetry, and  perhaps the finest collection of poetical  works in tha province arc to be found  in his library.    One  of ���   Mo    regrets  Hauy Butts,-of Vancouver, known as  the mayor of Chinatown, pussed thiough  here on his way to Nevada last week.  Many sticcls in the city aio paved like  the road to hell���with good intentions.  , The Oriental clicus, so far as tholr  tents, banners, etc., aie concerned, is' a  total wroik. A wind stoim last Holiday  was tho causo. Tho tent was toin in  slueds and cannot L*u icpnued. The show  will go to California wheio they expect  to  mako big money.  The strike between the butcheis and  the Piyc-biiihn Meal company is ended.  Tho Western Cential Labor union claim  to liuic won a gieat vittoiy.  A wan ant is out lor tho an est of  -Lincoln Brooks, one of the best known  lifo liisuiance men m Seattle, llo is  chuiged   with  cuihcciliug   money belong-  % to  the Equitable Lifo couip.ijiy.  Tho new lighthouse tender, the aictilh-  er, was launched .Monday evening iiom  Moi an Bios.  Co.'s ship yards.  Editor lirillltli (.culoicd), ol lhe ilee,  was aiiested last week for loi gei y. The  complaint wus swoiu to by a coloied  minister of tins city.  Jack Bcalty, ono timo connected with  a buck line ni Vuucuuici, was a visitor  heie last week. '  Co-Qperatioii  the Live  Freedom and Individual Initiative���A Distinctive Feature in  "America ��� Very Progressive in Britain Where   a  Barter Bank Is Contemplated���Merchants  All Over Are Becoming Alarmed. ���  Tliero is a committee of     tho    trades   ocracy together with such saciificcs    for  council having m hand tlio matter of establishing a co-operative concern. This  is a move in tho right direction. There  is a vacant lot m tho rear of Union  hull, big enough to put a largc-si/ed  building on. Several attempts have been  made in previous years to establish a  co-operat:vo storo in this city, but each  tnno tho result was failure. This was  due generally to the lack of inteiest  tnken by the promoters themscKcs, Wo  publish in this Issuo a few facts concerning co-operation, and hopo evciy  one will icad- them, whether tbey bclic\e  in  the  principle  or not.  Piesident Lamrick picskled ovcr a AH the pm chasing of goods by co-  good attendance of delegates at Tinirs- opciali\o societies, all tho commanding  day. night's meeting of tlio Trades and power of the cnoimous custom they hav a  Labor Council. Sccictary Cross was al-.to ofier .ought to bo turned to the ut-  so in his place. " j luostf account for  tho promotion of the  Aftei   reading and confumuig the min-1 ideal.     This   magnificent leverage  whiih  the sako ol the cause as individuals  may bo able to make ate thc ubsoluta  lequisites. At eveiy juncture we must,  find tho true balanco between the individual and society, between le'adcishin  end the masses, between centralization!  and local responsibility; and every step  must be towards a tiuer social order  and equality of oppoitunity. Thc cn-  tenon of co-opoiiition % is that it promotes a laiger participation in the responsibilities and benefits of tho business.  MACHINISTS' BALL.  Everything that needs to be done in  connection with Iho piopurations for the  uiucliiiusts' ball hus been attended lo.  Tho function takes place next Fiiduy  ovening_in_the OUJiieu-liall.-Tiie-invil.i-.  tions and tickets havo been issued, which  may bo had from any ol thu following  energetic committee. J. 11. llcVety,  than man; S. Bosustow, II. li. Wood,  P. Stewart and B. Stevenson. Uhe  event promises to bo one of the most  successiul ulfaiis ovcr held in this city  by Beaver Lodgo, No. 182, of the International  Association  of  Machinists.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF HAIL-  WAY EMPLOYEES.  Au open meeting, which wus well attended was held on Tuesday night in  Union Hall. Air. Georgo Ebtes, piesident of the U. 11. It. 1*;., dellveieil a  very interesting and lnstructlvu utldicss.  In the attendaniu wero railway employees with their wives und families,  llr. Estcs Is a fluent and very logical  speaker. Ho intends giving another lecture shortly.  utes, ciedeutials wero piesented and ac  cepted as lollows. ,  Baibers���E. Ilarpur, vice Fred Hawe,  resigned.  Tudois���J. T. ' Moi Inner, vice Mr.  Fraser.  resigned.  Bakeis���James Ingles, vice MacLean.  The Boileimakeis' union wrote (1)  saying that that body would subscribo  to' the telephone fund; (2) and also objecting to any delegates being allowed  seats at tho council fiom the* new unions, known ns the local bricklayers and  tho union ot the non-union men. (1)  It was icsolved after a .^ng discussion  to placo a telephone m the hall. (2)  Concurred in.  COMMITTEES.  The municipal committee of live reported progiess. Likewise lhe committee  on the Los Angeles Times strike.  The committee on co-opeiation usked  for luilher time, which vvas granted.  The committee appointed  to solicit the  taking up of moio shales iu the hall io-  i*  ported  piogicss.  The committee ie stoics icported that  Main & Co., Westminster, Biichumiu &.  Co., Hustings stieet, and Know dell ��S.  Hodgson, Craiivillo stieet, dealt m Curacy stoves.  The oiganl/mg committee lepoilcd  that the sheet iron mid coi nice woi Iters  have oigau.icd.  OTHLfll   llUSlNESS.  The secietuiy   was   .usliucted   to   pro-  cuie a notice boaid.  The .sccictaiy was instructed ,to con-  tiadict the statement going the lounds  of the daily press that the new union  of non-union men vveio in sympathy and  working in haiiuony with the Tiades  Council   and   thc  union   carpenleis.  Brolliei Howland was elected to fill  thu vacancy on thc executive boaid for  the icmaindcr of tlio term.  A lesolutiuu ol condolence was passed  on the death of Mr. Mu*cwell, M. V.  THK    UNFAIR LIST.  The   Electrical   Woikeis   lepoilcd   that  .A._r.-i!uiboi ,_eleoliiuil_coiiu actor,_had  been  placed  ou   lhe   uuiair  list. ^  James Cuiiiaghau. city scavenger, vvas  lepoilcd by the icinisteis' union as bei  ing unfair to oigaui/ed laboi. 'Iho  boeiotary in this instiiiico wns uistiucted  lo write to the my council and notify  lliciu of this fuel.  NOTICE 01' MOTION.  The financial  secietuiy  gave  notice  of  motion that at the nc\l meeting he will  move that    tl.e    cupilaliou    tax be    increased live cents per member.  A committee, comprising Messrs Dixon, Gothuid and Howland, wero struck  to meet the liuildiiig Trades Council ro  organization  matters.  might servo to uplift co-opciation to a  higher level of efficiency, is now to a  large extent being thrown away,  though the neglecting of -veiy staple  means that^ havo moio than once been  suggested to thc societies but never vet  senously considered by them.1  It has been claimed that tho ideal of  co-opeiution is that the vvoikors, neai  and fui, should be mutually helpful, oi-  gnnized to produce among them, whether  dnectly or by trade, as economically as  possible, thiough wisely ananged division of labor, the things that they and  their families require for their material  well-being, and should thus suppoit.  servo, enrich, and secure themselves and  one  another. '       ,  A BARTER HANK.  An exchange says that the co-opera-  tivo wholesale societies, English and  Scottish, n thoy weie to cieato, as al  new side issue to their banking business, a bnitei-bank, or clearing-house'  foi tiie contra accounts, woulil ho thereby adding a fiesh facility ior co-opcra-  tion. Such an institution would bo al  self-acting instrument for securing that  what is spent at co-opeiative stores ���*  should alwujs bring a fresh gust to the  co-operatoi 's mill. It would be like a  not work 0f light railway *�� and tramways liitPt'toi.Heeling* the ui-opei .itois ol  tho United Kingdon and even of tho  woild, and facilitating the udvautageous  inteichnngc of each other's pioducts.      /  "We of this generation shall sec realized only such a measure of co-opera-  tion as is commensurate with our mtelli-*  genio und self-iespect. Not until the men i  who do the work leant to believe in  themselves and in each otlier, and to bo  dev otcd to the common good, shall wo  liave perfect co-opoiution. lie'not deceived. Thoy may leain in this day "���  II. A.  Weekly.  AOAINST   CO-OPEHAT10N.  The mcichants of Calgaiy, N. XX. T.j  nie not the only ones who have declared war on-copeiativo enleipuses, but cooperative stoics live and flouiisb justi  tiie same An exchange points out that!  m St Helen's, Wignn, Leeds, Hull, and  somo othei places a vvai of the privato  tradeis against ,the co-operative * .societies is m full swing. The fact that moro  than 9.1 per cent of the members of tho  co-opeiutivo societies aie dependent for  then livelihood upon getting employment fi om pi ivato enterprise, leaves tho  lo-opointivo societies veiy much e?.pos-  ed to attack. Heie nio samples of tho  adveitiseuicnts which nie signs of tho  stiuggle:  "Wanted,  a good  geneial servant,  not  undei   13,  no  daughter ol  a  member ol t  a co-opeintivc stoic ncid apply."  "Lodgings  wnnted  for  about  SO  shop .  assistants in  St.  Helen's;  no -landladies  who ilf.il  wilh  iho 'stoics' need apply."  The l*o-opcrative Wholesale Society  has coiitiihuted 5200,000, the Bolton  society 55,000, and other handsome  contributions aie coming in towards n.  wai-chest foi the deiendeis ol co-opcr-  atois Half a million dolluis aie asked  for.  SELF  HELP   FOR  Till) PEOPLE.  During    the  last tliirty-nino yeais  tho  co-oueiative    societies   oi   Client  Britain  A  FREEDOM A-ND INDIVIDUAL INITIATIVE.  Tjo American Co-opciator snys  "Theie must bo   a rational and sensible  wny to cmn food and clonics, lt i*. high  tunc wc lound  it.  "Speaking of the uiipoitnnie of individuality, the sacicdness ol fieedom,  and the value ol niiliv ulual initiative���  oveiybody knows that tho competitive  system hus ciushcd these out of the  lives oi the common people long 'ngo  'Ihey who would defend the fighting  system aio not themselves humous to  enjoy the puvacy of a cotton mill tenement! or tho freedom of a coal minei' i hine (,onc luw|c to lhe ulll0���llt ���f ��1,-  or the individual initiative of the innk , 0,-l0lo00,000 stoiling, which undo has  and file in any industiml occupation! or lcsullc(| m a piofit of ��100.000,000  the development      ol    individuality    in-   stel[lng.  dulged  in  by  the gieat masses of  wnge-l    ,llc ploQt of ��1,000,000    belongs    to  workers who  put in ten Lotus nnd tnke   the   ull������i,e,s   0f   the  co-operative   socic-  -out-weanncbs-and-arstipendi     No,-they   U(,s_   |im,  -    ^7^,j^i     ^Timig    ilTeni^iir"  don't want these things  for  themselves    pIOporiion   to   then   puichnses  iiom  tbo  Competition is  the death  of  individual-   soc,ot,cs. \  ity to  nlnc-lcnths of l.uinnnitx,  and   to,    The   ���ioiiibeis  ���ow   number  1.780,000,  everybody  it is tbo greatest obstacle to   ,110!,tly  llcm]f   01*  families.  a largo and  happy fieedom. I     Tho  tot(ll cn,,ltlli  ftt this  clute  Invest-  "Wo   want freedom  and   fellowship.       | e(]  m ,,,,, u,.ola.,uUve societies of Great  ������Competition gives us just as little as I ])lltnl|1 ,��� bhnIch llmI i0un��� ,s ��27,000,-  possible of either. | qqq  "Co-operation   gives   us   Just   as   much'     T|10  as possible of both."  THE SAVOY.  Tho attractions at this neut littlo  vaudoville house next week promiso to  be exceptionally fine. Roberts, Sroilax  and company appear in a great comedy  ekotch, introducing tho greatest trained  SPECIAL OFFER.  From now   until tho end of 1903 The  Independent may bo had for $1.25.  Wc  A.MEKIOAN CO-OPE11AT10N.  The distinctive fontiuo about the  Aineiican co-operative movement is not  its exact reduplication of the English  system, although the American Rochdale'  stores may he said to bo well in the  lead In the American movement. Co  opcrativu organization lu America seems  to bo destined to follow many diffcient  lines  of  development:  the cieameiy,  the  hopo   that  this  offer  will   bo  taken   ad- factory, the -store niul thc furm all com-  vantago'of nnd that each subscriber will t,ig  |nto  nI10i   nm|  ouch   Wlt|.  a  iarlety  seo  to  it  that  at least  one  new  name Qt methods.'  will bo added to tho 'list. 11 tho work- What the peoplo will insist upon is  Ingman don't exort thomsolvos to push not fidelity to any plan, but tho real  tholr paper,how ls lt possible to make thing. The integral spirit of brother-  Its usefulness as far reaching ln thcir hood, thc genuine purpose of mutualism,  causo as any on  the continent? the untarnished .ideal of industrial  dem-  nniiiial  piofit      of     the    trading  j transactions  of  tho co-operative      socio-  ; ties   amount   to   nbout  ��7,000,000.     Of  ' this   amount   -CtiO.OOO   is  given  for  educational  woik, and  about ��110,000    for  cl,at liable pm poses.  Let us note a lew of tlio benefits  which co-opeintlon hns confeired on  the woiking classes  of Cieat   Britain:  1. Increuso of spending iinwer.���Tha  average dividend, ��r division on pur-  ihnses to nicinbeis, of co-operativo societies is about 2s. 3d. in the ��. It will  he -seen thnt if a peruon-s purchasing  power, m respect to thc wages he receives from his employer, is under ordinary trading arrangements only i'l n  week, it is greatly to his advuntago to  bo a motubcr and deal at tho co-opera-  /  [Continued on Page Eight.]  V  i.  I  V.' ny^waatvy^-^ijtgg. f l  *louotf|.c^o��>oicost��:oKoitoKoltoltoJI  I  f  V'i  o  a*  o  sr  o  ar  o  *"  o  n  o  V  o  *"  o  TITS CASE  OF TENONI  BY  MARVIN  DANA  LVpv risiht, 11*01. by Mni-v lu Duiia  ,-wcre given:  "Were you ln your room nt tbe  Grand hotel nt tho time wlien. us  stilled by the witnesses who preceded  you. this person entered the hotel nntl  nsked for you-'"  "I was not."  This nnsvrcr mused much surprise  nnd ri'.tbor increased tlio general feeling of tbo prlsonor'H guilt- since u  number of witnesses liud testlliod to  having soon lilm leave llie room it few  minutes Inter.  "Dirt you hnvo any visitor in your  room at the hotel on tho dny In question 7" '  "I did not."  .1   A murium' or disapprobation a row.  bllt CTIlKPlI   WllPlI  till* CtliillSOl   pilimll  to  tho fieri; of tlio court ;i .sninll ii.irtol  which Iind lioeii lyitifj on lhi- Willi' boforo lilm.  "1 wish to offer In evident c lhe contents of tills parcel."  The articles were passed to tbo judge  ���who ox: mined Ilium curiously Tlio  counsel ilion asked tlmt thoy sliould  lie cxniiil'it'd hy the prisoner, wbo  however, hardly glanced at I bom. but  left tlieni 'ylng in his lnp.  Counsel I'or the defense roqtiojiteu  that Mr. Hriggs should be walled.  Then ho aslicd:  "You have a very clear remembrance  of the appearance of this girl?"  "Sir," Mr. Griggs replied with emotion, "her form aud fnce are forever  euHhrlned in my heart."  "Very   good,"   quoth   the   coimw-  b'ovtoitotto^o'AoaagoUofecyfeOisoko'ta  At '> o'clock In the afternoon of  March 'JS a woman entored llie hull of  the (jrund hotel. N'ow York citv. She  nvas evidently .voting, hardly more than  n girl, wllh ,i laco nit hor too pale, but  made charming by regular features,  nnd large il.-.rl; eyes.  She -.milted without nny hosilullou  to the oMIci* and iniiuiroil:  "Is Senor Tcnoni inV"  The clerk struck n bell and shouted,  "Front!"  The end boy of tho row scaled on a  bench started up and presented lilm-  Bclf before the clerk with a "Yes. sir."  "Show this lady to No. IS." ��  "Oh, no," exclaimed the visitor. "1  know where Senor IVuoni's room Is.  lU't would you bo so kind as lo do me  a great favor?" she queried.  "With pleasure. 1 shall bo very  pleased to do anything I can for you."  "I'lease take this lettor." Willi the  Words she held out an envelope.  "Why, ifs addressed lo me!"  "Yes; It is addressed to you."  "Bui I did not know I knew you���  that Is. 1 didn't know you know mo,"  cried tho astonished nian.  "No, I suppose not," answered the  girl, with some embarrassment. Then  Bhe added: "But you must promise not  to open it for at least hull nn hour.  ,Will you give mo your word?"  "Why, yes. of course." tho clerk nn-  ���swercd, with as much grace of manner  ns one so puzzled could command.  The mysterious visitor turned away  and went slowly down Uie corridor.  The clerk stared aflcr her and saw her  pause and knock at No. 18. She waited a moment, apparently for an answer, then opened the door and cn-  terei1.. Wheu the door bad closed behind her, he turned to a careful contemplation of the letter, whicli was, addressed in dainty handwriting:  ".lolin Brings. Ksq.. Grand Uolol."  The envelope could piopei'l.v be  opened at hull' p.i��t 15. At a quarter  past I) the door of No. IS opened, lint it  iwas Tcuoui vvho appeared. He was  alone and hastily left the hotel without  u word to any one.  "Now, that's funny." nu'ilitaleil tlio  clerk. "But he'll bo back soou, I suppose."  r.nt the moment*; dragged on. and Tcnoni did not return.  "This is a curious business." the  clerk mused, and then. It being one  minute of half past ���!, he opened th'e  lelfer.    It ran as follows:  Dear Mr. Brisks���Circumstance.-! I must  not reveal hnvo surrounded me with perils I must see ,S**nor Tenoul today, but  lie Is a donpei.iti' man. If you should  bear me shriek, como to my help, nnd If  1 do not come out of bis room by 4  o'clock have a senxch made for inc. I  trust my life to you. for 1 have beard of  your noble character from u mutual  friend. When wo next meet, all will be  mado clear to you       JULIA CIIAMER.  Mr. Briggs turned palo us be read  this extraordinary document.  o In a few minutes the whole hotel  was- in nn uproar. Itepoatetl knock-  ings at No. 18 gained no response. Then  the door was tiled and found to be  locked. Ultimately the police wero  summoned, tho door was beaten open,  nnd a search was made. Nobody was  fr d, nor was there any trace of the  v. -fin who, according to the evidence of eyewitnesses, clerks, hell-  boys and porter, had entered Ihere at  3 o'clock, but had never come out.  The same night Tcnoni wns arrested,  charged with having murdered his visitor.  When Tcnoni was arraigned, court.  Jury, bar and public were much affected by the charms of the victim as set  forth liy the clerk, the porter and the  bellboys. The most strenuous efforts  on the part of the police failed to discover uny other person answering to  the name or description of Julia Cramer. It was hoped that Triton! vvouid  confess and explain the singular means  by whicli he hat! managed to dispose  of the body. But Tenon! seemed possessed of dauntless cllrontrry and Insisted that he had never known uny  person tunned Julia Cramer.  When thc accused had been sworn,  tho following questions and  answers  ���'.-.ow tell tne, if you pleiiRe. What mu  of a gown bho wore."  "It  wus  a   blue  sitirt   with   white  stripes, nnd a blouse of the same sort.'  "And   whut  sort  of   hair   did   sin*  have?"  "Vory dark, nlmoBt black, and lots  of it, curling ull around her fnce."  "And her hat?"  "it wna Just an ordinary straw salio;*  with a blue uud white ribbon."  "Would you know her tiguiu If you  saw her?"  "Would I!" There was keen re  proacb In tho tone of the exclamation.  "I would know her In the heart ol  Africa!"  "You need hardly go thai far to see  her," retorted the counsel witli a  smile.  At the same moment the prisoner  made a quick movement that attracted  tiie attention of the comt and caused  the policeman guarding hlni to spring  forward. But the latter stopped short,  his eyes dilated with amazement, and  his surprise was shared by every one  whose eyes were turned ou the dock.  Only Mr. Briggs had not turned his  head, but uow the counsel said to lilm:  "Just look, Mr. Briggs, and tell nie if  you see any one In the courtroom who  reminds you of Miss Crnmer."  The witness shook his head despondently, but raised his eyes. They fell  full on a figure In a bine and white  gown, on a sailor hat circled with a  blue and white band, on a dainty face  lighted by lustrous dark eyes Hint  seemed to pierce to the bottom of Mr.  Briggs' heart, lie gasped and cried:  "It's she!"  "And all the bellboys and the porter  echoed his cry, "It's she!"  There was silence for a minute In  the courtroom, all eyes fixed on the  mysterious woman, who slood, lovely  and smiling, in thc dock. Then ln a  flash the woman vanished, and Tcnoni  stood iu her place���Tcnoni. who tossed  to his counsel the gown and hat and  wig. That learned gentleman at once  addressed thc court:  "I .shall, vvith the court's permission,  ask a  lew  questions of the  prisoner  that will. I think, effectually clear up  this mystery.  "What is your profession?"  "1 am a quick change artist."  "Who wrote the note read by Mr.  Briggs?"  "I did."  "Who was the person known us Julia  Cramer?"  "lt was I."  "What was your object in the decop  tion?"  "I wished to play a practical joke  that would set New York talking iiibmil  mo. I camo here to get an engage  incut. I knew lhe fact thai 1 was un  known in this country would prevent  my getting a big salary, so I hit on  this plan to get talked nbout."  "And you think you havo succeeded?"  "I shall know when 1 am offered an  engagement."  There was talk of committing Tcnoni  for contempt of court, but il came to  nothing. Instead the whole counti-}  laughed, and all New York went to  marvel at the lightning changes of this  ingenious artist, whose salary was $,100  weekly.  Old und New Stylo Calendar.  Under what Is called the old style  the Julian calendar assumed thc length  of the solar year to be BIKiVl Jays,  whereas It was eleven minutes and a  few seconds less. This annual error  accumulated as years rolled on and began to be fully recognized about the  beginning of the sixteenth century.  The (iregoriatl calendar, or new style  of writing dates, was llrst introduced  in the year 13S2, and ten days were  then struck out of the calendar. Oth  er regulations were also mado���namely, that oue duy more slionlS be drop  pod in ench hundredth year which was  not a fourth hundredth after ir>S'2. ' In  England lhe old style was directed to  be discontinued and the new style In  troduced In the year 1752.  The change of style'was effected h*.  the following maimer In September.  1732: Eleven days being the difference  between dates written according to tbe  two styles, old and now, the day after  Wednesday, Sept. '2, 17o2. was called  Thursday, Sept. 14. 17r,2. omitting the  3d to the 13th. both Inclusive. A careful rending of tho article on ���'Calendar" In any encyclopedia will assist  tho reader and student to a fair comprehension of the old style nud new  style differences and why.  WHEh THE CROPS ARE IN.  IIEI.I',1   n   kind   of   happy   feelln'  u,<i** ilo.v ,i m n feller when  lie's i.i  his punMns g.uliored and  the li.iy* 'civ's full usrn: i  There's hop.- i" ��ll ihu ' uoics thai como  blow-in-  fioi:- the hill.  And >ou ;;lt in loud of tlilnkin' CSod Is up  tilde .,oini**\ lit re still;  Whut u iii-i ty s-xlil tin* wheat Ui as It's  pllid up In the bin!  Oh.  It's  Kiuid to be n farmer vvhen the  crops,  Are  In!   -  It's 1'velv In the clly, and lt'n very quiet  li.-ie.  Thor,-s ;h,* bully nnd  tlu* racket keeps  n-muii" nil tlie >i*nr:  There *nn*-l e\**iy d.iv's iwcllin-. iu��d,-they  liiep I', up .u nli;hl:  ~ tK.  ������*,,' ,'t.^A-yA / **'  SU*  .-  ii  K  a  -ym  .   ,i. /li'-'iwry ,>\fT*.    ���,  '-A&hft  Every wny a person gates there ls some  ont'Oinmon sipht.  And  1   s'pose  It's  never  lonesome  llvln'  round the li.iuuls of sin.  But thu city people never have their crops  All  In.  There's many a day of tollln', and there's  mnny an ache and pain.  And there's lots nnd lots of frcttln' nt the  dryness or the rain:  There's the weeds nnd worms nnd insects  that the fanner bus to light.  But tho good  Lonl  doesn't  ollen  fall  to  pull 'im through all rlgnt.  And   tbe   sweetest    satisfaction    that   ��  mortal man enn win  Sort of hovers round tbo farmer when th��  crops '  Are  In.  No Trouble ��c> Help Seni-cli.  A Woman stopped at a elolh counter  In one of the large department stores  recently and asked to be shown some  dress patterns suitable for early autumn wear. The salesman began on  the lowest row of shelved compartments and pulled out and opened box  j after box until thc counter on either  side of him was piled as high as bis  head with goods. Three times he  climbed a ladder to the upper rows  and staggered down under a weight  of box patterns until, when the woman  look a-survey of the shelves, but two  patterns remained unopened. Then she  said, very sweetly:  "1 don't think l'll_ buy any today.  !"m sorry to have troubled you, but  you seo I only came In to look for a  friend."  "No trouble whatever, madam." ho  replied politely. "Indeed, if you think  yonr friend is in either of.the rptntiiii-  ing two boxes, 1 don't mind opening  them too."  S(hk<- KITcrl.  "Evadne," exclaimed Hie Impassioned young man. bending over her. while  his voice trembled with eagerness and  his great eyes grew luminous with  hope, "look at me! Can you not read  my heart? Oh, Evndiio. the hour of  my fate has come! I love you! 1 love  you!"  "Gerald," whispered the golden haired beauty while the audience applauded rapturously, "you got that off In  splendid style. Are you going to ruin  it all now with a mere stage kiss?".  /  No I'lni-e  For I'ovviliM*.  "I'm" surprised." said Psyche, "that  you don't lay aside .vour old bow and  arrows for a modern rillo."  "Impossible," replied fupld "Most  of my work is at the seashore'u>sort9  aud a good deal of tn sboolmg ls done  in the water."  He Mennt~Well.  1 was laid up in the cabin of a North  Carolina mountaineer with a sprained  ankle, and, though he would willingly  have provided me with tho best, the  fare consisted of pones, fried squirrel  and corn coffee every mcnl. On the  fifth day I must hnve let slip some  sign that things were growing monotonous, for he looked over at me and  said:  "Stranger, 1 reckoned to make n  change in this yere fodder, but It didn't  come ii bout." ���  "Oh. the fodder Is nil right," I replied.  "But 1 don't skassly think It Ik. and  I was gwlnc to make a change. Son-}  to say I couldn't do it. but the dratted  woodchtick got clean away!"  A IIopt-leHM Cum-.  There was a brilliant loeeption at the  house of Mrs. Amory. Among tb"  guests was a certain Mr. Mackenzie, a  man of grave and somewhat taciturn  demeanor, whom several of the young  ladles present had tried to engage in  conversation, but without much success.  One of thein spoke to the''hostess  nbout him.  "lie seems to be rather uneasy and  out of plnce at a party like this," she  said.  "Yes." replied Mrs. Amory, with a  bright smile; "he can't talk anything  hut sense."���Youth's Comranlon  lll��    StiltllN.  Clladys���Is he so absolutely flippant  nnd worthless?  Kthi'l���ls be? Why. every girl he  meets feels sure she discover.- noble  qualities lu him that only ne.'d development by a true woman.  Duck   Yard  Conituiiiiinfvi.  ���"l3-th!s_u_froe-_Tboinns__conecrlj*'_  asked the dog.  "No." said the cat, pausing in bis  contented mtiuologuc; "I get so much  pur."  llln Ulploiuacy*  Wx,H%'  She (coyly)���flow old do you renlly  think I am?  lie (gallantly)���1 haven't the slightest idea, but you ct-rialuly don't look  as old  as  you  look.  Point- of View.  Ol.d Gcntlemnn���Do you think this  horse will be safe?  Liveryman���Why, 1 don't know. sir.  You look honest enough.  CANADA'S WILDFLOWERS.  Mnrjorlo Picktlmll  Tclli   Huw They May  JIb llailo a Tlilne <if llciuty miJ  a Joy Voi-i'Vi'l*.  A most inlerisin; und delightful  pastime for those who mu use pencil,  brush or caiftei.i is lo mnke n colloc-  tiin or sUelelus or'jhilos of local  wildllovver. Indcid, it mny speedily  become almost more nn occupation  thun u piistin:o--a very nbs-orbing oi-  iiipiition, loo A gro.it point in its  i.ivor is Hint it may be curried on  from April to October, evm in our  climate.  Tho t'nnadinn Horn lends itself <�����-  pccinlly to tins pursuit, as the color  ���ind form of the (lowers nie alike  beautiful. Their only deficiency is in  tho quality of stent, which is of no  i onseqiieiire in a picluio. 1 nlwnys  use huge ssclrh-liooks, covered with  stiff In-own linen, nnd with the best  or paper, writes Murjorie, l'iektbiill iu  The Toronto Globe. For it is. im-  possible to m. ke n wash drawing  lool; well on n sheet of paper which  is neither large enough hor good  eiiouth.  I'm some throe or four years 1 have  been collecting sketches of the wild-  flowers glowing nbout Toronto, nnd  huvo .succeeded in limlilM some suvon-  ty-five species at the island and in  High I'arU alone.  About a quarter ot the number  seem to possess names, and about a  score.of those varieties 1 lmve found  appear to bo practically unknown :  this is especially true of those which  grow by tho Islnnd ponds and lu-  goons,  A peculiar point concerning these  latter fiowcrs is that their blossoms  nro nearly nil of that bell-like form  seen in "the fovglove (or digitalis.)  'I hoy "vary FOinovvh.it among themselves. In oiiD or two species the  blossoms arc moro tubulin-- in form,  in otheis I luy flare moro widely at  tho mouth, and they aro <|iiite small,  but their general strut ture seems tho  same. Tliey arc nearly nil blue or  inaiivo in color, and I huvo occasionally found white specimens. However,  ono of ,tbeso delicate little mnrMi  plants hears (lowers of a brilliant  rose pink, which is, I suppose, n>boul  tho rarest hue tor a fJ.iiindiun vvild-  Sower.  I havo novor found cvrning primroses in such perfection ns at Toronto "Island. They grow in profusion���  or did two years ago���on lhe sands  near the Children's Hospital. In Uio  coning Uie air used to bo almost, oppressive with their scent, their blossoms, sometimes about two inches in  diameter, showing like little yellow  moons in the dusk.  1 thin!, in any collection of wild-  dowers I should include this!lis.  Jinny peoplo scum to rugmd thein ns  weeds, but Hiey are one of tho mo'-t  decorative of plants, often presenting  a color scheme in grej-green and red  whUh is a delight to tlie iirtistir  soul.  In spite of its being so much fre-  ipiented, High 1'ark is a perfect gulden at certain seasons of the yo.v I  do not intend to reveal the haliil.it  of nny rare floral favoi ito of mine,  it. is enough to say that ninety-nine  Torontonians out of one hundred do  not seem to havo nny idea of the  number of lovely plants to bo found  there.  Tbo well-known (lowers would be  i.nough lo fill a skotih-book by themselves. For it begins, tliis floral calendar", with hepiiticas and dog-violets  and uncanny littlo tropical blossoms  crowing from lily-of-lho-valley leaves.  'Jliin comes tho white anemone, and  later tho purple anemone, the little  loetid iris and thc columbine, wilh  wild roses and lupines in plenty. Later still apixiar tho gorgeous milkweed, the detostiblo mullein, wild  sunflower, clematis, nnd tho red lily,  queen of them all. In hot stnnnier  wcather, too. mny bo found tho yellow snapdragon and tho henlhcrholl.  No painter on earth could render just  this hitter's lint of sunlit blue. While  all the year round, growing in lonely little volleys, may be seen many  fioweis more lovely Mian irilliuni or  daisy or yellow violet, which no one  soems over lo have noticed or named  And all this in thut mudi-frcqucnt-  ed 300 acres known as High Park!  JJlcssrd bo tha memory of old Mr.  Howard.  Flowers are the only things whiih  fully obey the Icnchinjgs of Christianity. The more yo.i take from Iliem the  more they givo, For this very reason  thjy should bu trentod vvith tenderness. Therefore, in your searches for  specimens, never take a root, even by  accident.  Theso flora! sketch-books are rendered more interesting, at any rate  from a botanist's point of view, if  ihe flowers Hie shown in all thcir  slagcs of growth, from bud to seed.  Water color drawings ate, of course,  th; best method of showing them,  ihotipir pencil is go7��i:_p"cn "and ink  is loo hard und stiff, I think. . Personally, 1 do not like the regular  botanist's collection of dritd (lowers.  'Jhe poor litlle flat, faded corpses  loo"; so sad, mid the color i.s always  impaired or desiroyed b.v pressing.  TTowevcr, In.stes difler, and you can  easily mal.o your collection in this  way, though to my mind it would  not look half so well as the wash  drawings.  And remember that the buds of almost ijvery wildflowor vvill open in  water, so theio should hu no difl.cnl-  ty in s'lolrbug i hem ivt your, leisure.  This Ih ii litiod ldrti.  As nn experiment the British Post ���  oflice Depattiuent undertook the delivery ot book packets addressed  simply to "The Householder" in  spc-iliod districts. Tho packets were  delivered in bulk nt the postofllce,  and one vvas delivered by the postman at every house in the district  named. Tlio arrangement worked  woll. Senders did not lmvo tho expense of addressing persons by inline,  whilo the. poslolTico was rcllcvui of  the sorting necessary when particular packets have to bo delivered at  particular houses. This system ought  to work out in Canada. If a postal  map were made showing tlu- districts, letters without ' addresses  might be delivered at eiuh house on  any street in any city in tho Dominion.'  THE LIMEKILN CLUB.  Brother   Gardner  on   the   Subject   ol  li.Nini; Mb WoviIh.  "lt am once ng'in my painful doot.v,"  said l.rollier Gardner after the :>*gular  proceedings of tbe Limekiln club had  been disposed of���"it am once ag'iu my  painful doot.v to speak tu de members  of dls club in regard to de use of in;:  words. It was only last night as 1  walked home from prayer meetin-  along wid Waydown lichee dat he  kcerlcs-ly obsarved dat de oliuiina-hun  of de olueldaslmn appeared to coerce  de cohcrlon of de grat-illeashun. What  on nlrth he meant 1 can't say, but I  know he felt proud ober Ills How or  language. A week ago 1 was in a feed  store when Samuel Shin mine In arter  I odder for his old mewl. He didn't  dun see me, an' as he laid down :>.)  cents he remarked dat de problematical  disiiualiiieashun had worry much embarrassed du unexpected arsiiuilashun.  Ue feed store man didn't fall dead, liul  I don't know why he didn't. Two  days since, when Samuel Shin was  axed If he believed dc whale swallcred  ���loner, he pulled out his chest an' re  plied dat his perversity of de sinno^it}  led him to articulate to de pomposity.  If yo' was to ax him what he meant  ho couldn't tell yo', but he's feelln'  worry proud of iliem big words.  "I ain't gwine to waste uo time obei  dis subject. Mcbbe de stmngiiliislr.il>  of de reservashun exceeds de placidity  of de iinpecunioslty, an' niebbe dt  gratilicashun of de renlS7.ns.iun limitt  do verbosity of de paralysis. As to dis  I can't say, but 1 do know, an' I gill  de members of (lis club fair wnriiln',  dat if dar nm any mo' concentiaslnni  of de conscquentiality around yere 1  shnll ptircced lo eventuate de diagram  of de monstrosity In a way to purlieu  late do olTerverconco of do ardusity. W<  want nullln but plain words, an' wonli*  dat we kin all undiTstan', an' from dli  time on wo shall cventualo dc glorosity  of dc Knglish language or maintain a  consanguinity of calamitous conligura-  sliuu." M. QUAD.  Bound to Win.  "Yes," said the young wife. "Henry  and' I had some words this inuruing  and I can't deny that he got the bos!  of it."  "That will never do," returned the  experienced neighbor. "You can't afford to start in married life that way."  "1 know it," answered thc young  wire. "I've thought it all over, and  when he comes home tonlgnr I'm going  to bring him to terms so quick thai  he'll hardly know whin's happened."  "Thai's right, my dear, Show some  spirit.   What are you going to do?"  "I'm going to luing up the subject  again and then cry."  FROM DEATH'S DOOR  AN    OTTAWA    MAN'S    WONDERFULLY NARROW ESCAPE.  lie Waa ln Convulsions und tliu Doctors  Told Ills Wlto Hi' Could Not Live Till  Morning, but ho lluooverod.  Ottawa, Ont., Oct. 13.���(Special)���  At SOD Gilinoic street, this city,  theio resides u mnn who bus been  neaicr tho hour und article of death  than anyone swho has boon priviliged  lo live lo tell the.story. ���  llu is Jlr. t-leorgd H. Kent, a printer in tho employ of the Hunk Note  Coiupunj  of Wellington St.  Some suven or eight yeais ago llr.  Kent was seized with Bright's Disease -which gradually grow worso till  ho had lo quit work and was confined to his bod, where ho remained for  some months.  Physicians wore in constant attendance upon him, but instead of  improving he gradually grew worso  nnd  worse.  At lust ho got so low Mint his body  became terribly bloated and his skin  like tanned leather. Ho-had convulsions whicli increased in fioquincy,  and the intervals between these  spasms found him so weak thut he  wns barely conscious.  One night aftor a particularly bud  spell tho physicians told his wifo  that he could not live till morning.  A messenger wns despatched for n  box of Dodd's Kidney Pills, which  were immediately brought to the dying man. o  Mr. Kent did not die. On tho contrary in about two months he was  nt work again in the shop and has  not since been o(T work for a single  day.  Mr. nnd Mrs. Kent are naturally  very grateful, and as a murk of thoir  gratitude have called a sweet little  girl born to them some two years after Mr. Kent's remarkable recovery  by the name of "Edna Dodds" Kent.  Mr. Kent has made a sworn statement reciting thc details of his cos*  and his cur*. '  No  More*  SiixpciiKi'.  "Wfiy do you insist on gelling me an  upper berth in the sleeping car?" asked  the habitually austere lady.  "Well." answered her Irrepressible  niece, "you have been expecting for  so many years'to Iind somebody under  your bed lhat I thought It might relieve your mind to lmvo all doubts ou  the subject removed for once."���Washington Star.  The YomiK MlnUter.  Father of the Pastor (after the sermon)���How Horace has changed since  he was a baby!  The Mother���What nn Idea! or  course lie has changed..  Father���What I mean Is that when  he wa baby hoi used lo keep mc  awake.    ,,  To clean kcftlos easily, pour a little boiling water into them and put  a cover on: the steam vvill soften the  dirt so tliat it may be easily removed.  A BABY CHANGED.  Charitable.  "Did he marry her for her money?"  asked tho girl ln white.  "Well, let's be charitable and say he  did," answered tlie girl In gray.  "There's no use casting aspersions on  his   taste   and | judgment."  How Trnol  "Say. Jinks, where is lhat line gold  watch you used to sport? I seo uow  tliat you-'ro wearing a plain affair in ;:  nickel plated case."  "Well, you kuow, 'circumstances ul  tor cases.' "  AnnoviliK   UIijuk-i.  Scribbler���I'm disgusted with poetry.  Scr.iwler���What's the matter?  Scribbler���1 started to write a sicriel  to my lady's dimple, and the o:i!y  rliymes I tould get were pimple and  simple.  1>''*i>i-.i  a  Warm  CUiuiito.  ��� "Is thci'e-any-mcssagi!-!io:n_i:iy_poor  husband?" asked the widow of tiio medium,  "There Is." replied the medium  "aud  it's hot stuff too!"  A Dellnltlon.  Llitle Clarence���Pa. what is experience?  .Mi\.C'nllipcrs���I.xporloiico, my son, is  thc headaches yon acquire from butting ngulnst the world.  A Quitter.  The   .llollirr Tulli   Huw   It   IVn-   Aeuom-  ' ^ plitlied.  "A wonderful change," is the verdict oi a lady correspondent, who  writes us about her littlo one. "1  taso pleasure," writes Mrs. It. Is.  lbckford, of Glen Sutton, Quo., "in  certifying to tho merits of Uaby's  Ovvn Tablets, us I havo found them  a su.*o and reliable remedy. My bnby  was troubled with indigestion,, und  was teething' and cross and restless,  and tho uso of tho Tablets made ��� a  wonderful change I think the timc-  fy.use of baby's Own Tablets might  save in any a denr littic life, aud I  would recommend mothers to keep  Ifecni in the house."  Thc opinion of thi.s wise mother i.s  echoed by other correspondents.  Baby's Ovvn Tablets give ''such comfort and relief to a sick bnby, tliey  so infallibly produce calm, peaceful  sleep that you would almost think  thein a narcotic. But they are not.  Thoy arc only a health-giver, for  children of nny ngo. They cannot  possibly do harm ��� they always do  good May be hnd from druggists,  or by mail, post paid, at *J5 conts n  box hy writing direct - to the Dr.  Williams Medicino Co.. Brockville,  Ont., or Schenectady, N. Y.  "There's a bonnet," said the editor's wife,'"that is a perfect poem."  "Yes," ho replied, absent-mindedly,  "but we never pny for poetry."  Purnicll'C's Tliis potiseDS the power of  ncihii.' anccificiullv unon thc diseased origins, stimulating to action the doimunt  onorgles of tho system, therein- romovini'  dlscu.'.e. In diet, bo (treat is the uowfv  of this medicine to cleanse und nuiilv  that disease of almost everv nature are  driven fiom tho body. Mr. 1). C.irswell.  Carswcll. I\ O.. Out., writes: " 1 have  trlod i'nrniolcc's I'llls nud find thein an  excellent1'medicine and ono thut will sell  woll."  Clarn���"Dear mo! Those toilet  things 1 ordered havon't come."  Maude���"Then I don't suppose you'll  liave the face to go to the ball tonight-."  Evcryone~has"heard~oi-St���Jacobs-  Oil for rheumatism, strains, bruises,  lame back, and all muscular aches  nnd puins, but few know that there  is nothing to equal it for relieving  aching foot, troublesome corns, and  for softening thc harsh, callous skin  which frequently forms on the soles  of the tent. Anyone sufforing. from  sensitive spots on the toes, sides of  the feot, or between the toes, should  rub a little St. Jacobs Oil on tho  sore spot ovory night. Tho immediate .relief obtained is simply wonderful.  No household should be without St.  Jacobs Oil. Tt will bo wanted after  cricket, after tennis, nfter a duy's  boating; in fact it Is tho uthleto's  friend. All chemists sell St. Jacobs  Oil und a 50 cent bottlo is sufficient  to prove beyond a doubt tho above  statements.  w  "Don't talk to me about compulsory vaccination!" exclaimed the  man who had his nnn in a sling.  "I'm sore on that subject."  Tin-'. HORSE ��� noblest of the bruto  creation���wlien sufTcrlne fiom n cut. nbrn-  lion. or soro. derives ns much benefit ns  i its muster in a liko predlcnment. .from  Itho hcnllni'' soothlnir nctlon of llr.  .   . iThotnas'* Ecloctrlc Oil.   Lameness,  swell-  "Ihear youse is been snyln' youse  '"e   o' th5  nock, stillness of the ipiut.i.  , ,     ii , xt ���'..U' .      ���.t... !���.. 'thront nnd luncs. uro rollovod by it. J.  kin Hek me.   Now, wot yer goin  ter , ,____   do about it?" .   |   pontics nro full   of   uncertainties.  "Gee!   I fink I'll put ln er plea of To-day a man is on tho stump and  insanity." next week he pioy* be all up a treo. 3Z&  It.Is not profitable to'have a cow or  a breed of cows which runs' tlry for  three or four months. -There Is a good  deal in habit. If'you start n youug  tow right, you may keep her along, and  progeny also, so that she will go dry,  say, for u month or six weeks. This  will do very well for a rest.  It will pay to give extra feed aud extra "care In every respect, keep off the  Hies, sec to shade In thc pasture and  plenty of good water, save from all  possible worry. You can In this wuy  not only keep up tlie milk for a period  of a monthor two, but; also "prevent  the bnd luiblt,.of going dry so long aud  prevent the passing on to the calves  this tendency.  Jn purchasing a dnlry cow. of course  this habit Is an Important consideration. "I. It makes simply the difference  between a profitable; and "an unprpflt-  able cow.���Farm, Field iind Fireside.  To Stop a Sucklnc Coiv.  H. E. Cook In Rural New Yorker' offers this plan of keeping a cow from  sucking herself: Take n piece of half  Inch hasswood six Inches long and foui  Inches wido and cut Into tlie shape  M  vi-  f  ANTISDOKIKO BOARD  shown in picture. Tut Oils In her nosa  If sho does not stop, put sharp naili  In, ns Indicated by dots. If she Is cute  enough to mill; herself with the null,  in, then put on a halter nnd a surcingle, i Fasten a stiff hardwood stick ou  each side from halter to surcingle,  placing the surcingle of course just  back of fore legs. If she Is so determined to suck ,herself that she will  throw herself wllh this harness, I  should feed ucr abundantly,upou fnl  forming foods and visit the butcher.  ��� Buttermilk* Wheys.  Onoof our southern readers who has  a market for nil thelitittermilk he can  produce at 10 conts per gallon writes  that in the summer time tlie buttermilk  nfter setting awhile will separate, the  curd rising to the" top aud the whey  settling at the bottom, nud lie Inquires  if thero Is any way to prevent this that  ., would not .be at all objectionable or  detrimental-to thc health of customers,  snys Hoard's Dairyman. '  ..' '-'   '  The only way known to us to accomplish what our correspondent desires Js  In the first place not to let,the cream  get. too sour: before ,churning -mid." to  keep the buttermilk-as cool as possible.  There is nothing hi the way of preservatives ' <jr, chemicals of, any 'kind  , that can he added to the buttermilk  .that will accomplish this result and at  -..tlie'.siiui'o.'.tllue not' be detrimental to  the health of people using It.  A lluslncnri Dairy.  One of the .well to do dairy farmers  of Orange county, ;N. Y��� is E. A. McCoy; lie Is feeding about fifty cows.  Generally he has about-sixty.-He has  been feeding hominy - mado of sweet  corn. There are two grades, line aud  coarse, and It costs about'!.21-per ton  in carload lots. It Is fed by mixing  one-half 'ship and glyen to the cattle  dry. About seven pounds per head is  given each feed, ���morning and night,  and all the hay the cows Will cat. The  farm contains 2.14 acres7 and usually  ',' cuts about 150 loads of hay each sea-  eon. '  The manure produced Is drawn out  daily from the barns aiid spread directly on the meadows, grass land and other fields., About two loads are produced dally.  'Wnter For Dairy Cows.  Good water and plenty of It, untainted by any manure,heap, barnyard or  - ."iny-ol her-sourccrmust"ho"glvc"n"t(rihc"  cows. "They must lmvo access to It. so  that the.v can drink tholr Iill, whether  It be in the manger, Tn'the stable, In  a trough or by any-otlier means. I  havo never known a case where a cow  having the water''carried to hereby a  bucket got enough, says V. E. Fuller.  'The carrier becomes tired sooner than  the cow 'every time. Cows In mill; consume about 50 per cent more than dry  cows. It was found by careful experiment at one of thc experiment stations  that more than live pounds of water  was consumed to every pound of milk  produced. ,  Thunder nnd Mill*.  '���������'. The unusual number of thunderstorms this summer sliould be uecom-  pauled by the unusual amount of sour  ���' mill: If the old belief tlmt thumb i  storms sour milk Is true; but there has  been,no complaint on that score so.fai  as lepoits show, says lloaid's Daii.v  man. , I  It is certainly true thnt milk is frequently found sour nfter a severe thunderstorm, nnd it is natural that there  shoulh he a popular belief of a i elation between the two facts, but as; soon  as we endeavor to verify the.claim.:by  the actual trial of sweet milk by elec  trical discharges we nnd that the elec*  trlcity falls to work and the milk remains sweet, for electricty in the form  of sparks dischaiged Indefinitely ovei  tbe surface of milk falls to show any  PREACHING AND PRACTICING  llaiitlllutf .ii   Hcifer'a   Udder   Before  *   (She Droiin a Cnlr.  A short time ego a correspondent In  au article ou handling the heifer, referring to those who advocated handling  und - rubbing the udders before she  drops her first calf, nsksthe question,  "Do tliey practice what they preachV"  ills only argument against the practice was that It was contrary to nature  to do so. Does this friend not know  that tlie modern and paying dairy cow  Is largely artificial? says a writer. In  Buckeye Dairy Farmer. She has been  manipulated In breeding and handling  until she docs uot resemble In the least  tho original nnlmal. She has been  changed, artificially changed, In .form  and nature.  Uul, speaking for myself. I want* to  say that I practice what I preach, and  I practice it more Intensely than I have  ever preached It. In our herd todny  we havo eighteen head of young cows  that have gone through the system of  udder' development. These heifers  were not selected to start with, but every heifer dropped by our cows was  saved for future milkers.  With, me tliis-system or method of  developing dairy cows is no longer a  theory. This Is uot saying that one  can take any kind oi- breed of heifers  and tbvelop them so they will mako  good dairy cows.,,We musMiavo breeding to start with, and the heifer with  the best breeding will he the better  for such a course of .handling, and  heifers with doubtful; and ordinary  breeding can be developed so as to  make good dairy cows that otherwise  would havo been failures. I claim  that a cow needs a,course of schooling  to prepare her for her future work,  as does thc race horse. Had it not  boeu for breeding, handling and educating we would not have any three  minute horses, nor woiild wo have any  three pound butter cows. Look along  the line from man down and see  whether It,Is not a fact that as a rule  the bost trained or educated man or  beast,is the most useful... We do not  claim to change greatly tho form of  our heifers, but do claim; after drawing eighteen prizes from nineteen  chances, that It pays.to follow this system of treatment.  We have often heard it said that a  heifer should never be milked: before  she drops her flrst calf���contrary to  nature, wo suppose���yet our bost cows  all had to bo milked before calving,  some of them for a month before. We  had u heifer drop her first calf this  winter. She had a line udder, and  about two weeks before she dropped  her calf she'* looked as though slio  ought to be milked. ; But at that time  I read an article'In which the'writer  claimed that It was-a positive Injury  to milk a heifer before coming 'fresh.  Wo took his advice, much against our  judgment,,wlth tho result that the heif-  er. lost onc;qti;irter of her tine udder.  Under ordinary treatment they may  not need milking, but under our system we find It necessary.  TOOLS FOR PRUNING.  Convenient   Forma " of   Sown���Device  For Cottlnir Out Berry Cnnen.  Clippers and shears ou long handles  so as to reach from tbo ground the top  branches of a tree for pruning have  long been In use.; tn the pruning of  oraifge and lemon trees in Florida and  California;these long handled pruning  tools are common. Mr, H. D. Becker of  .Michigan has suggested such a long  handled saw, which Is also a common  sense tool and will work on the larger  limbs. We reproduce this iind two other pruning tools from a drawing niade  by lilm and published In The Farm and  Home. Mr. Becker mentions the Vent,  ting tools adapted' to small branches. '<  but nothing of the nature of clippers or,  shears will work with big branches.  Calling attention to tho Illustration.'!  Mr. Becker describes the different devices,   first   taking  thc   long   handled  saw.  as  foMuvvsj   It  Is a  square or  roliud  pole of any desired  length of  YOU ADVANCING?  J. 'P. XI., Tom, III., asks Breeder's  Gazette what size mesh should bo  used for wire netting* for plastering  wooden walls. He also wishes to know  if hu can plaster a wooden silo to advantage, as lt Is beginning to decay.  The silo is round and twenty feet In  diameter. Joseph E. Wing makes this  answer:  Wo have used wire netting with luch  and a quarter meshes. ' A finer wire  would perhaps be better.'. 'I advise  plastering that silo. Tho wire should  be unrolled and hung from the top, like  wall paper, then securely ��� 'stapled  down, .the staples being driven so as  to bring tho wire within' a half Inch of  the wood., Owing: to the curve of the  wnll lt will require a good many staples to hold it evenly In place. I would  use good Portland cement, ono part of  cement to three of sharp sand, nnd  nfter applying have a little spray pump  with a very line nozzle and dampen  the cement now and then, until * It is  thoroughly-., hard. It becomes much  harder if kept damp thuu if allowed  to'dry'quickly.  . Cnrlng; nnd IlarvenUiifir Cavrpca:?.  -, Tho greatest 'difficulty In the culture  of-the-cowpea-lles- ln-li!irvesting-and  curing Ihe crop. Like clover. Mils Is no  easy thing to do and got a good grade  of hay. if you can cure clover, you  can cure cowpea hay, asserts the American Agriculturist. We put In the mow  tbe past fall during a wet season ovcr  forty tons of cowpea hay "and fed it  away Into'the winter. It Is bright nnd  clear and what we term of the highest  quality. We cut, the crop Willi the  mowing machine nnd left it alone, for  a day. Then wc used the tedder In the  morning for a good stirring, nud tliat  same evening It was put up in good  sized' cocks and left for tliree days.  Thc cocks were theii :opened and  spread out to sun dry. ; That' evening  thoy were taken Into the; barn" and  stored In the mow. We arefeeding It  to take the place of bian for our  horses and I cattle, milk-cows and  joung htceis Tliey cat eu'iythlng.  Including the 'coarse stems, and'iioth  lug Is better. ��  Pnlutlnn the Silo.  Except as a matter of looks. Hoard's I  Dairyman does not advise, the use of ���  paint  anywhere  about n   silo.    The!  sooner a silo dries but after the sllnge  ls removed the longer It nil) last, but  of course an uupalnted silo is more  or less of an eyesore on the farm, and  *we can well afford to shorten Its life  'by two or three years simply to gratify  SOME nANDT PliCNIXO TOOLS.  hard wood, with a narrow, sharp little  saw fitted firmly Into one end of It.  Such a saw can bo made out of a thin  strip of steel, or a piece of an old narrow saw can be utilized.     *  The other saw figured Is unordinnry  handsaw, with a portion of tin* back  cut out to permit easy working where  the space for using a saw is limited.  No one will realize until he uses such a  saw how much of a convenience, it Is  in lliis shape.  The other device is used In cutting  but blackberry and raspberry canes.- A  thin bit of steel or a scythe point bent  into'the proper shape by a blacksmith  is firmly fastened to a short wooden  handle. With a stout buckskin or calfskin glove or mitten7 on the. left hand  a nd tills Implement In the right one Is  well equipped to rapidly remove all undesirable canes from the blackberry3  and raspberry rows.���Farm, Field and  Fireside.  STARTING FLOWER SEEDS,  A Florlnt'a Method Itcportod For the  UeucJlt of 'Aiiintciirii.  Taken shallow box. say tliree inches  deep, bore7hjos in the bottom cover  with moss.*;which saturate* with water.1'Over the! moss place the'pvepnred  soil.' filling the box even full, and compress it moderately with a trowel or  board. Thou'wet tlio, soil thoroughly  with several sprayings, not applying  pnougli water at one time to make the  soil muddy, tbe wetting to last until  the seeds germinate.  Over the surface sift a very light  i-.iii'.- say one-eighth'of an.inch���of the  Minie prepared soil, using a sieve of  about one-eighth inch * mesh and taking pulns to sift It evenly oyer the en-  tlic surface of the dampened soil.  Leave it in that condition.. Doiiot com-  press, hut leave It open and porous lhat  the fine seeds may Uud lodgment between the particles of soil uud thus  gather more moisture than they would  If Testing on a smooth surface.  Then dust the seed evenly over the  surface, cover with a wire,netting, over  wblcb spread some Hue moss.v If the  moss shows dryness nt any time, dampen it  As soon as thc seed Is fairly well  sprouted place under, a pane of glass,  allowing air space at the sides. Cover  ilie'gliiss for a lime with tissue paper.  Apply moisture'ns'needed with a line  spray, but do not water frequently, yci  the surface must ou no account "become  dry.  : Ho sure to allow no strong sunlight  to strike lhe young,phnulota-and-at-  'A Timely  Hxbort.-tlloii lo  the t'.ntlvx  >Iukoi*N by One of'Them.  Di:.!ug a visit to several pool!;,  managed' creameries one may ' notice,  poorly kept nnd untidy yards nbuut tlu-  .factory, moldy walls,*,dirty milk and  cream vats, greasy doors, piles of old.  wornout tools, waste tlu cutis, etc..  leaky joints, badly running muchinery,  untidy butter maker and things gone  wrong in general. Then,, what a relief  It Is to visit a few well 'managed, up  to date creameries where everything  demonstrates the superiority of tht  workman in charge. Clean, well kept  lawns and driveways around the  creamery, neatly painted walls, inside  and out, machinery running smoothly,  tidy, wideawake operator and everything denoting that a man Is at the  helm of the institution who takes pride  in his work. The time a butter inakei  consumes fixing up and decorating Inside and outside of the creamery is  well spent, nnd the man who is operating a creamery and who will not; at-  teud lo these little matters has missed  his calling and may miss his Job some  morning. The butter maker who does  the best lie caii���all that is expected of  any une���will reap his reward some  day, und he will not have to wait until  the day of ;thc millennium either. Let  a butter maker fit himself for the best  creamery' In- the country,- and he will  not be compelled to look for a job every few mouths.  Bi other butter maker, which class  are you "to he enrolled in? You 'Kuow  better than tiny one-else' whether you  art'n*good butter maker or a poor one.  If you aro not absolutely positive to  vvlilch division you belong, just asl;  yourself this question: "Am I satisfied  with my present conditions and environments?" If you answer this inquiry  In the affirmative,/you may rest-assured that if you are not how one of  the "has beens" you will1 be In tho  course of a very few months unless  you mend your ways. Slot hods used in  buttcrmiiking are continually changing for the better, and the butter inakei  who does not make the business a con  slant study, with improvement as hli  aim. .will subsequently find himself  where lie will not have to go ntviij  back to sit down. He wilt already be  there. Just as soon as a butter  maker becomes satisfied that he  cannot learn any more about the  business iust so soon does he begin to degenerate ns a skillful crafts  man. Don't be a satisfied butter maker  whatever you do. Satisfaction is a fa  tal disease. The boys who are making  a success of the butter making bushiest  are the ones who look upon past acquirements and present,conditions as  only the legitimate outcome of an honest effort on their part and instead of  folding their hands In contentment  make more extensive plans for the fu  ture.  Wc as creamerymen need to better  appreciate (he fact that we cannot remain ilt a standstlll'as regards the condition of our factories and our skill in  the work. It Is an unbroken law of nature--that everything, animate ,nnd Inanimate, is continually wearing away  or, building np. Conditions are' constantly changing. ��� R K. Slater , in  Creamery Journal.  ������W'&���:��&'!  The. following table In the Farmer  answers an oft repeated question:  Estlmnted size of silo needed and number  .of acres required for a given number of  cows for a fcctllin; season of ISO days:  Est. constinip- Siza of silo   Average  tlon ot sllugb,     needed.  , acres corn  No.  cows,  0  tons.:  20,  llie same time do not apply too strong  a shade. Tissue paper allows all tin*  light needed at this stage of growth.  I.iornal vigilance Is the price of success, t  As soon as the little seedlings have  innde.sufficient growth lo be handled  iransplaiil them in fresh/soil. Be cure-  nil that tho tine rootlets are not Injured and that they are down full  leiigtti'lnto the new soil.  Afier transplanting water with lino  sptay.-Farm Journal.  one's desire to have things look well  iuo aunuLu ui uum fuw iu num. u���j . Use any sort of paint for this purpose  effect ln producing acid or souring thf | that you would use upon a barn or a  i��iU-      '" bouse and paint only the outside.  It I'll d>*  Por   !'�����' i'lllllt   Tooil.  Many ready made for use plant foods  are put up by different companies, and.  while mo.li. ir nol all. ol tliem are gen  illnely good, tbey an* often hard io pro-  cine. ..ii tliey are sold only by dealers  In iiit.iln lines 'Ihe follow lug foiinn  la can be filled through any druggist  and K one of the ttr.i best phut foods  In use: Sodium nlli-tte. thii'o rounds  pound; sodium phosphate (diyi one-  tonrtli pound: sodium sulphate, one  half pound Puherl/e and thorough!*-  mix the Ingiedieuts diy It ma} he  kept foi any length .of time by cover  Ing closely When Required for use  dissolve ln thf proportions of one  rounding tublespoonful to a gallon of  hot nnter, using a half teacupful to a  six Inch pot.. Apply onto In two weeks  hy pouring the solution on to the soil,  not on the plant, varying'the amount  used according to the size und rlgoi  of tbe plant and also the size of tht  Dot���Cor. Rural Hem Yorker.  /  .IDS'  DItini;' Ht.  9 by 20  10.liy.16;.;,';  10 by 22  11 by 20;  ���:'��� 10 by 25-  ,-.llby25 .:,  -������ 32 by 22  13 by 20,  ���': H by 37!V  12 by SI!  .13 by 29',"'  ���: 10 by 24 ;  10 by 22  '  12 by 33  - 13 by 33  ".��� 34 by. 30  ���15:bs-27^"=  .lO.by'Ki  Mb.vSS  i,l'< by 31 ���  13 by 30  lCliySS.'-:''  17 by26 ,,'.  15 by 33'.'.''.  li! liy ;�����'���-.'.  . 17 by M  needed.  Ito 2  2 to 3  3 to 4  CtoG  0to7  8 to 9  : 9 to 10  40  <3  GO  141 lCby.:35        10 to 11  17 by 31  IS by 20        *        *  1C2 IS by 31       11 to 12  19.by 59  ISO 17 by 3S        12 to 13  IS Uy 34  I.arKe��t Silo.  The largest silo ever built stands on  tlie Mctiough farm,' near Altaian,  "Vis. *It Is sixty-three feet Inside  dlainoter,With ii concrete foundation  evtcndlng lorn net above thc Mound,  on vvlilch m.issiie conciete walls ilse  peipendiculail} lor sl\t} feet, the <n  the depth being eight} feet It Is estl  mated that It will hold the li.iMiul  coin Iiom IWI .\ues. though, it his  nevei been c.ituelv lilled The crop bf  coin fiom 10.! .nus Is the i lost that  li.'s ever been put Into this huge ejUnder. .  Cheap Silo Stitlxfnctorj-.  At the Colorado experiment station  a \ciy cheap silo was constiuctcd and  filled with corn fodder When^ this  Mils opened an'd fed out ln December,  it was found thnt,the loss was about 3  per cent. The most exponsii p Ello  could not hnve preserved the corn iin  better condition or at a smaller loss.  A farm'typical of thi* better.class ol  those found In New l.ngltmd Is knowii  as Norway Hill farm, the resiliencetol  C. II. Duncan of southern-New. Hampshire, says American Agriculturist.  Sir.. Duncan, who has been prominently identified with tho milk producing  Interest for thc Boston market, I.s a director of the New England Milk I'io*  ducors' union iind keeps about twentj  cows, whoso milk is shipped to Kdston.  As in most of the 'northern New Kng-  land states, the house uud barns arc  connected by a covered" passageway  through the shed, carriage house and  Stnbles. This Is done'to avoid'shovel-  lug-through .llie' show. In early -'morning  lu winter to get to the bam and to facilitate work.     -"  The farm consists of about 200 acres  besides out pastures and woodland and  cuts annually tifty tons of hay. 100  tons of silage and a few acre's of oat  fodder, Hungarian, etc. Tlie barn is  what is commonly called a double, deck-,  er. 'The hay goes In on an upper Iloor,  the cattle' are underneath this, and below all is the cellar. The c.'tf'le are  fastened with patent swing stanchions,  ami tlie stable is tilted witli a watering,device, .with running water before  the cows. Twelve horses are kept, part  of them being boarders. 'Very-little  commercial fertilizer Is bought, but several breeding sows are kept, and use is  made of every available source of plant  food about the. farm. Jlr. Duncan Is  a firm believer in a large mnmue pile  and tli rough making the most of what  has been produced Oli the farm has  been;able to maintain and Increase the  fertility of his land.  .The, Iftiliori'n;;- Onr.  Charles Y. Knight Is editor of Chicago Dairy Produce. As secretary of  the,National Dairy union Sir. Knight  OIIAHLES Y. KNIGHT.  has devoted'nearly all his time for the  past tliree years to the movement to  place legal restrictions on the fraudulent sale of oleomargarine.,' The success of 'the Grout bill - is unquestionably duetto the strenuous .effort, able  management' and tireless energy put  forth by Sir.* Knight, who was the "laboring oar." its Governor Hoard'snys,  at every stage of tlie*work. A testimonial fund is now being raised for  .Mr.- Knight.���Creamery Journal.  Hiitter Thiit Will Keep.  If butter Is desired for long keeping  or for export purposes in ordinary cold  storage, it wlll.be found better to work  the butter very slightly alter the addition of salt than reworking the following day, says W. L. C'arlyle of the  Minnesota Dairy school. 'This gives a  muchdrier butterand Insures an even  admixture of salt. If, however, the  butter is for Immediate consumption  by customers, one working after the  salt has dissolved will.be sufficient  Wcljrht of Milk.  The average specific gravity of milk  is 1.032, water being 1,000. There is  no legal standard of weight for milk,  and ordinary scales are not sufficiently  delicate to determine' the- different  qualities of milk by weight. Average,  milk weighs S.U0 pounds per gallon.  If It .should weigh appreciably .less  than this, the indications would be  that it had been more or less watered;  If it weighed more than this, if would  indicate. that-inoi'e_oiL.lcss_creiiiiuhad-  been removed.  _ Thc^CoivV I>oII('fi*:e   Oi**^niiIi;nUon.  'The condition of tho cow's blood materially a fleets both the quality and  quantity of the'.milk she gives; so does  the condition of her nervous system.  A brutal milker can easily kick all the  profit out of ii very good cow.; Neglect, exposure and excitement affect  the yield adversely, and so do bad  feeding, bad water and the absence of  salt. The inan who expects to get  cows to tlo their best must like them  and treat them kindly, for they are as  delicate iu organization as a woman.  [': Oar lliitter Trndc III the Orient.  * The dairymen of the I'nclllc.const aro  alive'to-the. Importance, of capturing  the rapidly growing, dairy trade in  Honolulu, Manila. Japan aud China.  Most of the butter now supplied'.-to  those countries Is made in Sweden and  Dcnmnik In J.ipjn butter fiom Swo  den In one pound cans ictails for lo  cents gold per can It Is a fcpioacb to  American enterprise and skill not to  enptute a great poi tion of that trade,  sajs Hoard's Dairyman.  Train the Heifer. ,  It seems to be a small Item, but  when eveiy Item is to be considered It  is one that should not be overlooked,  nnd tbat Is vvhen a heifer Is trained to  be a milker teach her to allow any one  tb milk her without worrying or exciting her. If this Is not done and it  becomes necessary to change milkers,  there will be a shrinkage In the amount  of milk.  SILOS AND THEIR COST.    .    i  ."Jr.  W��*ni*r of  -!l.i��uurl  Tclb  How  to  C.'oiiGtruft   One  Cheaply.  A perfect silo can bcibiiilt for one-  half to one-fluid the expense they cost  many who build or Luy thun. writes  It. V. Wagner in.I'raetical Karmer. Uy"  building It octagonal or eight sided in  shape 'and the ceiling perpendicular,'  witli two thicknesses of Inch hemlock'  boards with felt paper between, a perfect, silo may be made at a small cost  1 built ono in July, 1890, and havo  tilled it twice. It gave perfect satisfaction. Kvery silo that has been built  'In this vicinity since has been br.llt  after the saim* plan. They i i bo built  any size wanted. With 2.mi0 feet of  good hemlock boards, 000 2 by 7's, 3  feet lung, and ?U worth of felt and  nails, three nun can build a silo In  three days. The expense for thc roof  and bottom would be the samo as for  any oilier shape or slyle. I got out  timber for mine, and paying Ihe saw  bill, cement, nails, paper and mason  work cost ine .flt-1.40. The size is 12  feet inside and '24 feet high. It will  hold Mlage enough to feed'twelve head  of-ca'ttle for sl.v months.  / When the foundation is completed,  place the sills on and nail the corners  together. Then set the boards up at  tho corners and plumb them with a  level or a plumb staff. Lot one' man  hold tho joibts on the outside where  they belong. Dace two feet apart and  nail thein from the inside. Spike the  joists ut the corners as you go up for  th9 first twelve feet, and then put the  upper; section np the same way. The  joist may be sawed tho same length  with a crosscut saw by bunching  them together. The joists aud boards  at the corners all have to bo tbo same  slant, vvhieh Is a square miter or an  angle of 45'.degrees. I cut my' corn  when fairly in the state of roasting  ears, and should bo cut into the silo  as hauled from the field without wilt-'  Ing. No'salt Is used, aud the cut muss  is simply allowed to settle with as littlo tramping as possible'. A cover of  cut straw or' hay ls placed ovcr 'tho  top, and the work Is done. You can begin to use it as soon as needed in tho  fall. The silo should be made as air  tight at the bottom nnd sides as'possible and a good roof ovcr it, while tho  ventilators at the top may remaiu open  most of'the time. .  Avoid Pntteninpr Foods.  Nevei- feed fattening foods to dairy  animals. The tendency to lay on flesh  should be discouraged. Avoid so far  as possible corn, barley nnd other highly carbonaceous foods.  P.  F. Morgan  iu Practical  I'armcr  gives  the   following   Information  on  how to make cheese:  ' It Is best to use both  night's and  morning's milk.    Stir all together till '  well mixed." pour into a boiler (a Wash  boiler if you have' one) on the stove  and lieat'slqwly'till the thermometer  stands at 00 degrees, stirring it often  to prevent scorching.  Now pom* it off  into your tub or churn if you have one.  If you have twelve gallons of milk, it  vvill require one rennet tablet.   If less  milk, lake less of tablet." Use rennet in  proportion of onctablet to a hundred  pounds of milk." Dissolve the rennet In  about two tablespoonfuls of warm water.-AV'tion the milk has cooled down to  83 decrees, put in the dissolved rennet,  stirring   constantly   until   thoroughly  mixed.   In. about throe minutes you  can see the .mill: changing to cheese.  Cease stirring now and cover up for  fifteen minutes.  A higher temperature  than S> degrees hastens the process,  but wastes the; butter fat and makes  the curd tough.  Handle the curd very  gently till It is solid, as rough or qplcb  treatment causes" escape, of butter fat  and impoverishes the cheese. Now lift  the cloth, and you will see the wholo  mass coagulated.   Tako a long knife  and cut clear to the bottom with long,  slow, sweeping strokes.   Let statid a  few minutes and dip off all freed whey  with saucer or skimmer.  Cross cut as  before, leaving curd In inch squares.  Dip'off whey again.   Again cut curd,  dip whey,' as it collects very rapidly,  and the tub can-be tilled so as to drain -  off or if, a churn is used tilt if and put  a saucer inside to.prevent curd from  blocking the passage after pulling out  the churn plug.  Let It drain tliis way,  cutting occasionally, as before, till tho  curd Is quite solid and squeaks. Then  remove,  salt to taste and. chop  lino  with a chopping knife.  I.ay a square  of imislln In your hoop (pail or a peck  measure). The muslin should be dipped  and wrung ont In hot water.   Pour In  the chopped curd and bring corners of  muslin together and pin over top of  curd.   Never mind* If hoop is ever so  full.  It will sink down. Set to drip on  top of pall or pan.   Put light weights  on ni Iirst.  Let It now stand this way for four  hours. Take out and change muslin,  turn cheese, return to hoop, add moie  freight and repeat this till cheese only  makes thc cloth dimp Usmlly  change cloth anil turn choose about  twice a diy Tlnitv sl\ limns Is sufficient time, for a small size cheese to  ptess Now tnke fiom hoop, out cheese-,  cloth to fit around cheese kuge enough  to lap on both ends of cheese Cut two  pieces to fit ends Now sme.ir all ovcr  with good salt butter, put jour cheesecloth smoothly on and paste down "  smooth -with butter 'to keep out cheese  fl\; put cheese in cool. dry. airy'place  and rub and turn evcij dty to keep off  the' mold If butter dries In. put on a  little more. The length of time for>  cheese to ripen depends on sire of <  cheese, as a small cheese ripens sooner  than a laige oue. I would leave lt uncut from threejo Ave weeks.  -ill  :4  ���J  i IB  I  r:  1*1  i  "ii  w  f I  II  tl  *'<$H Ilh l.\nKl-hM)KN I.  SATUnDAY.........N0VEMI��5U  22, 1903  Ti  PUBI.I  THK It  INDENT.  i.KLY   IN  TUE IN-  1..-1S     .   THE MASSES  UV      n '���   '/'  I'lJMMfNT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASK!** i*.N't'      Ol*       FLACK      HbOCK,  HASTINGS STREET. VANCOUVER, 13. C.  SUKSCKII-TIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 conts; threo  months, 33 cents; six months, 03 cents;  one jtiir. ?1 '25.  ENDORSED BY THBn TRA0>ES AND  IjAAIOK COUNCIL, THK VANCOUVER f^AUOR PARTY AND THB  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  !ii.'o|>L' in *iii;,v ui'o concerned, when  ljii!ly-riii,^,iiL, ihe hlui- laws of dogma  uml erne, u ill i,i> lolciuleil. l.ultor hu-  .inst us (.ooil fiicnilrt ouislilc the union  us in, uml iiioiiibcl'S -should not for^i'l  this. II ulso luis within it.s ranks lis  Juliuses, v\ho uro more t'oiili'iuptibli*  lluui itiun.v nf its opi'11 tin's. Again, lubor bus ninny [rienth: ninong tho oltl  political parlies v\ho nio pist us good,  hoia-st untl sini-ero as the "class-eon-  seious" socialist   ol*  anyone clso.  lioMJit  Tho Inrtopendent can always be had  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  Alii. Urown says no, moro lights should  lie put up. For .if there Ls even onu. he  says, more will have to be got to kuI-  iMy ewjybody. Thu, is coi tainly lo^ie.  If a hundred lights are needed they  should he procured ut once. An accident  may occur almost any night benvuse  of no light, and Uie city may be, compelled to pny damages. Penny wise,  pound   foolish!  ,?  SATUKDAY...: XOVICMUKli  22, 1902  CEOltGK  IUTU1I1K MAXWKLW M. I\  By tho untimely  and lamentable death  of Hev. Geo. Jt: Jlaxwell, M. 1\. a grety.  and   good" man.'puSKUs'froin"'our "midst. _���._ ���.w         ^   .  jJom of liumhlu parentage.  a .worker atrepresentative  -a   large   measure   of   sap  .ail early age  in   the  coal riniues.  he was   port from  such  sections:,   as      he      may  Our representative, iMr. -31. B. Jnync,  left last week to make a tour of Manitoba and the Territories with a view to  extending the circulation of this papei  in those districts. As a paper that has  always consistently and fearlessly espoused the cause and interests of the  working class, particularly of organized  labor, as.well at* the general interests  the west,  wo  would  bespeak  for our  attached   tn     the    cause ,   of  humanity.  The working      people      have,      lost  a     'friend and the      'masses      a  staunch      advocate      on      the"     floors  of  parliament  and   on   the  . public  plat-  VIMt.  form.   The  silent      sorrow   and ,deep regret of h:s feihiw-citizens and  friends  is  thc   greatest   tribute   that   can   be   paid  to  his ..memory.     I-'or  they have learned  that this peer, a leader.of men, a brave  brother, a loving-father and; husband, a  'soldier  in  the great  struggle  of   the human * race  for  justice   and   liberty,     hn3  -crossed over, from  whence* .no    traveler  ever returns,    designed to the inevitable  he  horu; up   against.   :tho shock     which'i  Was bound to come���for George 11.Maxwell,   although   a   man   in   the, prime   of  liTe,  was a ^victim  to    the awful cancer.  We-ivho loved him,-who dared to praise  . Jiilm while he wns^vet alive,'   can     but  .faintly   realize   the   fact   that   his   voice  .shall' never again be heard.    In the'.dim  future there will-hefthose.who .speak his  .7 name.mid; tell..;of,; �� hisVmfluence aiid re-  ..,*: member  >yith  great'1 eHth'u si asm  the vig-  ;;. oroiis;' words : that- he, so ; eloquently- uttered   and,.wrote Jn- tlie  building .period  V   of   Vancouver-,   and-  -British   Columbia.  .    The .worlcing. people of'   this  city . and i  proviriee'are; indohtcd.tb - '���him      in     no -  . small - measure for his  bold   and  match-(  vJcss advocacy of their rights in his many '  -    memoruhle  speeches .at a  time ;\vlum   to  v 'raise,one's; protest  on', behalf. ��� of  labor's  .light  was  to. invite '������ tho enmity, of ;i; the  :dominant ��� powers. " iiut;it,,wiis "-Mivftlax-1  .. ..well's own : pnvilego'.aK' a clergyman, au"  thor,:politician,  to',speak and. write his  and   sentiments ' in   his  way  fluence  does: not  end; with.his personal  ity.      Our friend   wiis cut    olT    in, -.the  midst of Va -useful  and , successful  career,  being only -lij  years and  10  nioiiths of  age when called from the; walks -of men.  Peace to  his: memory.; ^      .y$.tX'  THAT .MOUTGAGK. *;  , The unions should, make a grand rally  and pay olT the mortgage on Union  hall. There arc over -10 unions in this  city, and it would not he asking too  much of them to contribute say at.least  SI a member for this purpose. The fact  that the workingmen belong ''-lb unions  should enable .thein to pay idgU dues.  Take for 'instance men not , organized;  They work long hours and:get' short  pay because they are unorganized. When  men become organized they get 4 all thc  way from 25 cents to; SI a; day more  in their wages'. This is good return for  the investment of union dues,".and the  dues would yet:-���' he decreased' if organized labor had its 'own*; meeting, place  free" of rent. Gentlemen,-put;up a 51.each  , fpr. your hall and see..if; that, mortgage  can't  be paid  oiT by  thc New  Year.  LETTERS (o HiL EDITOR.  .from  Only  honest   opinions  own -peculiar   ^ forceful  '";, Our esteemed crank  friend ,suys:     "We  ; hear a good deal  of    tulk-   these ' days  ��� about    ;. SJlinVlliU  running    tlie.   Great  Korthern., Vrailroad   into      this,-eity.\A  /.bridge   is   to   built "across   the .   second  narrows^ bf -.Burrard   inlet  so .that   ;tlnr  '; trains* can . run "into   :   North A'ancouver,  wherQ   exteushe   clocks   will   he: located.  llut what good will.that do  Vancouver,'  only to  help ^increase .the population  of  Chinatown.     That  corporation* employs  - UA1C10RS RKPIAr.V v  To th.-. Kditor of Thk i.NUKi'KMikxT:  - Sir;���He ... the/.communication':  .Johns ton ."'.grocer,' Pender street':,  that some jiarties. may misunderstand  | the letter, I would not - condescend .to  answer such a flbnsy argument. He says  he'll buy .where vhe. "can get'the cheapest.1. J suppose;.-horv:,meansX- even' China  town? By the'^way, will Mr. Johnston'  ask 'linker-Murray '[ii ho had any*'Chinese" help in thu bakeshop? Kegarding his  ,, stateiuentrthat* Vancouver ,uniont ;*'muit  . i I are .fainteil-hea'rtLMr we deny, ;andr we  claim, that there arc.no better, on, the  continent; with the-"exception of a few,  hypocritical ..men, like himself, who say  they - .belong to a union and, yet will  buy where they can get tlie cheapest, irrespective of union -makcX! The, lord deliver the, Vancouver, llakers' union from  such  unprincipled union  men. V    ...   "  ���'.. F. BAHTLB, Secretary.  ,   Vancouver,  B. C,   Nov.  20,   1902.  ���o the .K'lt;...        '���,    ���,'   i.i'r.Nt'K i:  Sir,���The rojieated assertion of soi'inl-  ist speakei'* and wiiti'is that property  owners and,'the propertylets, or. in othei  words, rapitnl and labor, are natural  economic enemies,' having no community  of interesLs, has K<1 me to make a short  study of tkis fertile source of disputation between socialists and their opponents. Glancing ut this question from  a superficial standpoint the position of  tha socialists appears impregnable, hut  a raroful analysis only partially sustains their contention. The employer,  urged on by greed, but more often driven  by competition, seeks to obtain ' labor  at tlie lowest possible cost. While, labor  ou the other hand, haunted by thu ever  frequent nightmare'of poverty, is .forced  io demand the highest figure obtainable,  even ut the risk of seriously umbarnss-  ing iis employer towards whom'the most  friendly leeling is entertained. Self-preservation, tlie Iirst law of nature, then  appears lo appjy in the economic relations of mun as arbitrarily as in "thu  growth of, animal .\ or vegetable life  Again, legislation such as our tarih  laws, whicli enables employers to iix  prices and regulate supply, this increases  tlie cost' of living to labor. The  profits of which, swelling-the income of  employers, constitute another phase oi  coullict of interest, which become; accentuated when the double crime of permitting the protected manufacturer to import and employ alien Jabor to operato  a.highly protected industry, which it depends-.largely for its market upon .the  people to whom it refuses employment  aud to whose inheritance that labor  justly belongs, as does the property, of  the puiejit to tlie child. Hut evenjiere,  it is rather a" individual than a  General Conflict  of interests, for. the. alien > is benefitted  at the expense of the native laborei  while1 capital- exploits botli us its re  ft aid ior the benefit it has comeired upon the former; A * glance,,. Iiowever, at  Uie negative side of this question,* to.my  mind, largely contradicts the position of  theysocialists and illustrates the' lack of  wisdom of making sweeping generalities  of what is only partially true. The many  intracaeies invlbved upon this subject  would necessitate tho writing of a book,  rather than a newspaper article;?.,^o, ,do  it justiLe. Manager Kogers, l* repto^cnt-  ing the sugar tiu^t, hecurcs from thu  city of Vancouver a bonus of say ? 15,-  000 oi its etpinalent, to assist :n the  erection of a refinery. The idle laborer,  wulkmg the stiocts, is equally mteiosted  with Mr.  Koge.s in secuiiug that bonus  ��uses  ?  One hundred and Fifty %  i Ladies' Cashmere, Flan- \  \ nol.AlhiilrossandFrcnch %  % Flannel Blouses to be t  1 offered Saturday regard- 1  T less of cost. These j  I Blouses areall fine goods, |  T good fitting, nicely trim- "  I mod, plain and fancy  | patterns. %  X &J>eeia5 Price  I Saturday $2.30  Hecnuso wc huvo stilil vory littlo obout tlio lioys. lately do iiot. imnglno that  wc havo forfottoir tlieni. Our boys' iloliartfiicnt is full'to-livorflowlnB with ��Jt  tlmt is now nml good in plain nml (anc.V roofers, overcoats, suits, otc'. Wo do  not,.keep cheap goods that, nm dear nt any price, but reliable goods, made by  Camilla's dust iimiitiiuctiiieii.:, nt moderate prices. Boys' Hectors from SI.50 to  0.00. Hoys' Overcoats from .SB.00 to #8.00. Sailor Suits, ?1.50 to $4.50.  Hoys- two-picci! anil Norfolk Suits lu great variety. We muko n specialty of our  Uhildren's Departiiient, devoting ohc-(|Uartor of the * largest men's furnishing  store in Canada to Uio little folks alono. Mail orders receive prompt attention.  CLUBB   &   STEWAKT,  Tki.ei'hone 702. 309 to 315 Hastings St. "WV  ^���������������>��������������������������������������������������� �����������������������  170    Cordova     St;,    Vancouver.  We reach wherever the mails  reach.  1  4^4}...^.4}9't"99'*^^9'*^^9'a~,~9^  9  of hurrying about buying Life Insurance so many mon think and say. At  least: two strong reiisoiis are: Go od health is uncertain; increased cost is  wrtain.  Wliut's the u.so of waiting might hotter bo saidl'  "'       UNIONMUTUAL   POLICIES  may bo depended upon to protect throughout.tho varying experiences    of  human life, to faMifiilly guard ;thio. Interests    of the.   ; insured,  and to bo  promptly cashed when thoy become payable.    Values and privileges at*Hind  and   are   convoniontly   available ,Detailed facts.gladly furnished.  Aftor three years the Union Mutual Policies do not become void by,failure'  to pny pieiniums. tho Main Non-Forfcituro Law without action of tho  1'ollcy-holder, continuing the Insurance for a Specified length of time.  TOOL AND II1LLIAKDS  One of ttho llnest )>ool mid billiunl  parlors on the coast is, that of K. Chapman, Tiack llloi.k, Huntings *.ticoi.  Iilverything is of the-bestnuality and  the accommodation is all that can,be  (li*i,ii��l for. llany Walton, an old-  tuuu   Vuiitoii\i*i*ite,   :s   in   Lliaigc,   which  ,no1-C Mangoli" than; all '^o^^ , , ^  "     , i^^  gUarantcc      t0 ^ho  continental   milroadH   put  together.   Anil|  thc   C.   V.  H- ������ comiiauy.'" ;.'euiploys :.; tho  _lea��,t.i:  most critical ..export player that everything will   be  run   as     it    ought to   be  'llhi��-plllw_t;"i,jy��_"- liberal���pationage,  and protuise.s to he oue'of the uio.stjiop-  ular . I'ende/.vous in the city this, winter.  Union  men  untl    others^   arc      welcome.  as it will'cijablc hiim to secure work iu  the construction an<l op*'falion of that  relinciy. The Inljoiei nml Mi Hog^us^iave  here a clearl.y-deline<l uoiutnuniU' .of. inteiest in thc ^ecunnu; oi tlie said bonus,  while it may violate the inteiest of both  labor and capital at Montreal und Hongkong engaged m the .sugai businebs.  Again, the 3.00 men employedin tlmt ,re-  iincry am equally mteiesU-d witli Mr. Ko-  gers,:n thu price of sugar, because a de-  .cline in prico would mean less employment  and a proportionate loss of income to  labor. While an' increase would add' to  the demand for labor, which would concern the' interest of not alono the employer in-, the refinery but also of the  idlu laborer searching for employment  elsewhere, t But this community of in-  ttiosts, as wo will see, C Uoi fa down  through  the whole  Kconomic Structure.  'J'he increased number of la-borers employed in the construction and operation of that refinery��� ��� creates im increased demand; upon the merchant,  manufacturer/ brick... and stone yard,  shingle and lumber mills, to feed, dothe  : . Jf certain individuals in  this city.wbo  pose  as  union men  were  to   be  a little  more.tolerant towards their fellow work-  : ers  and  show  a little ; moru gratitude   (Jive the boys a fall  .towards'     those     wlio would- befriend -"- '.���_  the  cause: of   labor,   let  that  favor     ho  ever  so   small,   it   would   not  only  help  the  work   pf  unions,   but  would  add   to  WANTED  TO .LOAN.  One     hundred   dollars  i^r  13   months;  ocunty   on   tuo   lots   in   5-10.   will   pay  uie  woik   u.    ��  ��_>.-,   tivery     thiee   months   and   interest  tbe digmtv  nnd  si-lf-iespect nl o.gun./ed   Additss   A.   Z.   Independent  o��iu'.   Van-  lttbor.     The  day   lb     gone,     m.   far     u��   confer.  ton,  dwelling in his cozy cottage,    sur-  romuled by liis loved ones, no  Common  Interest i  wllh  Millionaire Dunsmuir or  Mr,  Hob-  ins iii the oil fuel experiment now going  on iu  California,  which' may  mean  rum  to ' these   industries,   compelling   blm  to  abandon  his  little home,   the fruits . of  years of toil anil danger?    On the other  Land, has ther laborer employed  in     the  oil  fields of   California no  common    interest with the oil trust in the     success  or failure of  that industry  which means  ruination   to   liis' fellow   worker   in   the  north?     Has   the  laborer  on     the   Vancouver tramway no [community of Interests with Jlr. DunUen or the millionaire  stockholder at I-ondoIi or Manchester in  tlu1  sulcus!,  or  lailuiu  uf  that   mdustiy?  Community   of   interests   appear   to     he  the rule rather than the exception: There  Is ample room  for the  u6iuleiiinatioii..oi  the civilized   anarchy  under    which     we  live, where every individual     is     pitted  ityainst each other in the arena of competition; where greed and selfishness are  rewarded with opulcnco and luxury, and  gcncrobity ia the btepping stone to po\-  eity  and seclusion���without assuming a  position that ib   luanifestly     untenable,  thus  ct eating  in   the  minds  of   thinkers  not  familial   with   the   teachings   of  socialism  that its advocates are  Mentally, Unhinged  I would advice ^u tittle moderation, lu  conclusion, all must concede that coal  lauds and railroad monopoly pioluotes  the inteiest uf the lew at the expense of  the many. Suppose wu concur with m>-  cialists that : the smaller .concentration  of wealth iJUo thc hands of the fow is  but a modification of the tiust evil,  wheie its inteiests aie identical with  those of the woiker. As ngumtit the  greater evil common sense would suggest co-upeiation. Pursuing this hue of  reason,ng the 1'iogie.ssivu paity invites  ull believeis m leform legislation along  the. lines implied in then* piatfnim, bo  tliey capitalist, lueichant or luboiei, to  assist iu u Lulling these moduiii j-pcei-  ineiis of t'ie human octopus if. in doing  so, wu uie using a smaller ovit to as^isu  in ciiisl.mg a giraiei, our position is  logical Ue aie moving along the i:m:  oi the least icsisiance. To say because  the sinullci capitalists and the laborer  have a contlict of interests, they should  not combine against a common enemy  of both, would be tantamount to as-sert-  uig that because the interest of every  laborer eonllictswith the interest of his  lellow   woikeif   in   many   icspei-ts,      they  * Unioni Mutual Life InsuranceCo  * PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorpouated 1848.  Cull or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.'  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  COLIN  CAMI5RON, Special Agent.  dmd reform movements whero prospects  were.once as bright at* tliosc of so'cial*  ism. Let us, then, take a lesson ��� from  thoHti that have gone before, nnd bo sat-  iHfic<l with accomplishing a little in our  life nml nge, and leave to. those -who  follow us, better  7 li*(iuippcd Intellectually,  anil,   with   a full  knowledge of  our experience, they ttnay be enabled to rcalizo  approximately at leostinany of the ideal  conditions    that      to-day:  inhabit     the  minds  of "socialists.  To  iny  mind ,    tho  Kiicceiis of socialism  largely depends, up-  its . moderation. Dpn't jump', at the conclusion tlmt every labor leader who dif-  fi*is   with   its  principles    is     a wolf   in  sheep's clothing, and;that socialists have  a special mission as    a    self-constituted  shepherd  to unmask   .the    brute. |   The  course pursued this wise   violates     Uio  natural, law'of  social- evolution ���   wherd  moderation - breeds  harmony -and  excess  discord.  Society may for a time abusa  this law, but, as in the physical world,  the penalty is sure to follow. Tho'rca-  pons \>utliricd*in  this communication, to  my  inind,  justifias  the position   of    the  Progressive -'party, which appeals .to. reason and common sonso, as a'comprehensive proposition, .around which, no.flour-  ish  of oratory or  tinulo    of  abuse    or  coniplication  of    al>">tiatjt    'propositions  can tl.row  a cloud,  and clearly demon-  stratcs tliat capital and labor have    a  gi filter  community   than  conflict  of   intercuts. C. JJOLEY.  Vancouver,, 11.   C.   Nov.   20,   IU02.  Meeting.^  F. O. B.���VANCOUVBR'AERIB.'No. 4.  meets Wednesday evenings; vielttoff  brethren welcome.    Bert Parsons, W.  P.; S.G.Vre, 'V*. S., Arcade.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injurv  Health when you usr  the     '  '  PHONE 1220A:  Very far Awaij   and  poople  who   have  friends   in   distant   Australia,   in  the Old Country, nml iii tlm Orient, must needs soon get tlielr thinking caps on ami uic*,tlu with tins momentous question of Christmas  Gifts. , ���.   '.'���   ���*  "Tl'OIU'fVS" stands out pre-eminently ns the "Gift House" of  Western ���.Canada and "Trorey's" Ik prepared lo uphold the good reputation it has worked so hard to win. Whatever you buy at "Tro-  rey's"���it'll  be good. * ,  9     &_���      H HV^LTirviia- a 9  Tbe  Jeweler and   Diamond   Merchant J  T                       COR. OBANVILLE ANB HASTINGS STREETS. I  A      Official Watch Inepector of the C. P. B. - 9  niul house tlicsc people, which in turn  would increase ilio stalls of workers in  all those imlUHtrics, to clothe, feed and  house whom would create a furUicr <le-  niuiid upou tin: merchant, manufacturer,  (Minder an (J lahorer, constituting an  endless chain of community of interests  between In hoi* ami capital hi tho establishment and suceessful operation of .this  single industry, llut the socialist would  reply we would make that rellnery a cooperative institution, owned nnd oper  aled hy the city, which "would render  the argument upon the community or inleresls hetween Inhor and capital mean-  ingh-xs The hociallht tells u^ theio is  un irreconcilahlc eoiiMict of intcircst ite-  twi.'en, capital and labor. Ajj the Individ uul capitalist .cannot exist ji.s an  employer under national co-operation,  the socialist contention then must apply *to conditions as !they exist: that is  tlie proposition 1 am discussing. Again,  has the labor employed in. the Hustings  mill or woods no community of interest  with air: Alexunder and Mr. Hendry in  the pnie oi demand for 111*111 her in China,  Australia or . the Northwest Territories,  111 the behavior of the hoxers in China,  the amount ol rain falling in  Australia,  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  The price is now  . such that almost everybody can afford it  Once used, always  used. * Apply at Office of  11. tli| It  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  *   Streets.  eoaaoaooooooeaooooeooeac����-  |    DELICIOUS WINE  9   Made Exclusively prom B. c. Faun*.  Q   FKE8H CUT FLOWERS.  UNION-MADE'  9 DOMESTIC OIGAIU).,  Between Pender ond Dunsmuir Sts. 11 Brooltt<m Polnt  . Al. k.nds ot work in this line prompt-1 *  W. D. JOMS     L((?1,��ho��se  ly attended to. -   s  ���  should not combine to * light the com  mon ��� enemy of both, 'llie fact, tiiut .  .majority of , the j>eoj>ie upon tliis, con-  linen-j are interested in overthrowing; lniUl\  coal und railroad monopoly, und are  giuduully being piepaied to  , Take. Action  along that line hjings; thebe things within  lhe immediate spuue of practical politics,  common sense uould thui suggest the  ]>olicy outlined in lhe I'logicssUu ])lat-  roriii. Hut we will be told we arc not  striking -M the root of the evil.: Very  i\im. /Jlut 11 we Lunnot pull up the  inouster root and branch tlie lopping olf  a few of thu larger. limits will perhaps  let in a little 01 the sunlight of prosperity, and giung us a little experimental knowledge will enable uu at a  later dale: to perhaps unuke a more sue-  cessful elTort. This is the scienrilic modo  of pioueduie. 'lhe skilful suigcon 1'rsL  builds up tliu strength of; the patient  beioic applying thu knife to thc root of  the cancer. The socialist would apply  the knife to the root' and take chances  of liuildiiig up thu constitution uttor-  wumIs.   Will, tho  patient  survive?       'lhe  llil(( w      u mre may he moru    dangerouh than thc  or tho .lunc frosts in Manitoba? Again,   disease. TJ��c Ama/on of human progress  has  the  miner  at Nanaimo  or  Welling-   Is strewn  with Uie ekelctons of a httn-  I :   GEO. HAY   : |  A ViiiiM'iiivr'n    Hlnneer    Clothcii     A  ^r KunuviiUir.  mnkiin ft milt new.       X  a Dyeing and Repairing. ^  ^X 216 ('AHill* ST., VANrODVBR.              Am  When making a trip around the  Parte c��ll on   , -  ��� ,..D. JonesBri  So ooooeeaooooooe  aud  Su|j|)ly  Kr.*ui I'Klr i*>^liniui<>,SontlilleldHUO  Prifif itlnu lulmin 'lolllerie*  Si<��m,  Oqs, and  iiouse Coal  ui i> e Following Oradei:  nrMiifi�� e?crceae<l l^ump.        x  Run of theMlne,  >   '     WaahcdNutand  ' BoroeniiiA*  ,     ^ ��� i  SAMUEL M. ROBINS, Superintendent.  KVAHS,. COLEMAN *4 KVAN8, AgenU,   ,  VaBomaetCUT, B.C.  World's  Scenic  m  LOWEST RATES. BEST SEKVICE  Transcontlrtental .'. Passenger Train  lenveH dally .'nt 14'o'cloclt.  Seattle, and.\Whn.qom Bxpreas leaves  (luily at 8-fl0  o'clock.   ' ^  STEAMSHIPS  TO ..lAI'AN   ANH, CHINA.  EMPKESS OF  CHINA   Pl*'.(?     1  KMl-Hlf-SS OK  INDIA   .......��� ���:;.lll*:t'...i2��-  TAltTAIl .IAN.   J*i  TO  HONOLUlfU.-KJ.il   ISLANDS   ANI>  'AUSTRALIA.  18  S.S.     AORA.NOI;  S.S.  MOANA   ...  MI0\VI*:itK      .   1IHU   12  ,.! ' M        <l  . '   1*'KH.   ��  Arid,every four-weeks thereafter.  For full particulars as to time, rates,  ���etc., apply to ,       . *.,    M  a J. COTtiH,        '     IAS. SCLATER,  A. G. P. A. ,   Ticket Agent   '  Vanoouver, B, C.    42S Hostlnnn 84.  Vancouver. B.C SATURDAY NOVEMBER 22,  1902  THE INDEPENDENT.  P. O. BOX 29C.  ���PHONK 179.  W. Jo Mcl*iBLLAN & Co.,  WHOLESALE  AQKNT8 FOB  LTUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS j  Brandat  0 MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA, BOUQUET.  OUR SPECIAL, Eh JUfiTILLu,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  UNION MADE CIGARETTES: KARNAKAND VICTORIA CROSS!  Corner Alexander Street nud Columbia ATenue, Vancouver, H. 0.  ��� ���0  eeo  *     f  ion  oots and Shoes  GO TO  R. MILLS, the Shoe Man.  DRIFTWOOD.   '  , BY LUE VERNON.  .JPiecos, of, individual opinion washed up  by the, tide, boomed, sawed,' split and  piled tqr, thc benefit of paid-up subscribers, also for tlioso who bog, borrow and steal Tho Independent In order that thoy may read and forget  their trouble!, for a time at least   and  ������ enjoy a fow minutes whilo cnimping on  earth where so many people arc willing to give you a kick and where, so  c' few offer to extend a'helping hand.  There are plenty of men who can tako  . ono glass ot liquor and stop, provided  ..you treat first.        \  They asked tho     visiting eastern lady  what sho thought of Seattle. "I think it  ,-wiil   be  charming   when   it  is   finished,"  .-she replied.  .j, vilfife is mostly froth and.bubble;  -.*jrjt ./Two things stand like st'orie:   '  Kindness is another's trouble,-'  Courage is your own. I ,  Some   peoplo   ha\c   got   to   die   before  ��� ,-Uiei. world says,anything  good' of them.  >* /--if'*ii*,^1en.1ai..woinau.jgots mad she is apt to  i-iell  tho truth..' V  m  Km  u  ,Wo, asked   a   rich   man   tho  otlier  day  f -. ,   i * '  *        (     *       ,  '"Who'is your cook?"  and~hc promptly  answered,   "My  wile."   Wp  admire      the  lady now than ever. |  ���t    ���' ."        i *li  Young- Charles Rothschildi is* saidlcto  'Savo  tlio  largest  collection  of' fleas *on-  -earth. What a great herd of yellow dogs  it must require to keep thein iu feed.  concludes  Hie  mail  carrier  has  the letter.  stolen  A Kansas editor wrote that a. certain  young' lady's breast wns filled with rage,  but the printer gqt it "rags," and the  editor Is now camping out on a rise  northwest of town, where he can get a  good viow of the landscape in four different directions.  The position .taken by tho Pennsylvania coal-operatois rcgaiding arbitration leminds one of JIrs. 'Enry 'Awklns,  in the coster song:  "First she said she' wouldn't,  Then she said sho couldn't.  Then she ausweicd:  Well, I'll see."  A young couple in Vanvouvor havo  been married a year and"'twas ' not'  known by:* thcir closest friends imti'l ono  nifeht last'week, and then It'was'discov-  erctl'hy''mere chance, lt was at a. card  party and * thoughtlessly they nlaycd  partner!,, uild the way tliey quarreled  let the whole thing out.  ���' There is at least one judge in Boston  ���who is bubbling ovor with patriotism.  He find a man ten dollars thc other day  ���Ior using tlio American flag for a rag  :bag.  Prof. Jacques Loeb tells us that  lifo is nothing but electricity. Oood!  Now, will Professor Jacques Loeb tell  us what is electricity? Scionco 'is simply  .a progressive discovciy .that wo  know."   *,  don't  m  '  ii,  Sqmpj.^riteis wlio ' oppose polygamy  rsny thatv-onc wiie is enough for uny  mun. Tliis is an open .question. Father  Adam ami the late King Solomon c'c'i-  -taiuly hold widely diverging views on  Hhe-'subject.  Every time a girl fails to get a letter  ���from her "steady' she looks on the mtiil  -carrier  with .suspicion,   and,   rather than  , ��think_her_steady_=h-as_grown__coId,_slu*  1!  9  \ " Union is ?  ���       Strength"!  9  0  ��  The .Union   Brand  OVERALLS  "�� Stands.for all that is       ��  "��� Strongest and Best. 1  ft , J  9 .-THE- ft  1 HOOVER M!IIFftGTUR[N6e*G0.. |  2 (LIMITED.) ���  ���      MAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPEG, MAN..* ���  ".9&����O��������Q��9909Q909099,  "The great coul stiike in tho United  States lias bo9n . declared ended, but  nothing can icplncc the loss of wages  to tlie laborcis nnd profits to tho employer."���Ex. '.Yes, there is a ioss to'  tho laborers, but, if tlio laborers had  never kicked against unjust wages and  treatment .they might, today bo ou the  level with tlm poorly paid toilers of  Etuoiic.'m *, * ' '  Murdcis ore too fri'qticiit.' It seems ns  if owiy limn nowadays pucks a revolver  nnd at tlie least tiivial occurrence kills  sonic one. The mun who feels that he  must bo on a wnv looting in moving  among his iellows iu a civili/cd community should seek some secluded spot,  point .tl,t! weapon nt lus own shallow  pate and pull tho trigger, lie would  never be missed l,y men of moral worth  who amount to anything in thu world  Tt.eio is ,i kind of man who demands  an au'oiiiiliug for every cent lie dnbblcs  out to Ins wllu. He knows nothing of  the management of a house, but ho Insists on putting'in a Plying nose, ami  then criticising everything lioin tho  di'upeiies on tlle toilet table to the color  oi.thu washwoman's hair.' There is no  reforming Imn, ,t is inborn. Ho will  nag us*long*us he lives, making hi.s wife  old befoie her time anil his home nnsei-  able. Heaven pity the wife ol a img-  giiig-Jiinn, .        - , j.  .A Problem,  lfnrrj   lie  Swell   is   a  bunk  cerk  and  courting his oiiip,o>'or-s   (laughter.      His  sulary equals SliQ a niontli.     With���  Violets    S5   a   buncb  Theatre   -tickets  S2 a seat  II.K'ki, ... * $1 Un hpur  And Hany's bedioom and bonul at 1510  a week, Iiow much money will llany's  lnuilliiily recelvo at. the end of thu  111(111111? 'ihu first one' sending iu the  solution to this problem will iccuive a  photograph of AlderiniVn III own as a  prize.  The Episcopalians have.now* reached a  soit of a straddle on.tlio divorce question, or lather on the rc-uiarrlage of  divoiced pei sous.. The house of bishops  dccidud in con ven tlon some' time ngo,  against permitting tliu re-lnnirliige. It  has tho etYcct ol showing that the most  spiritual wing of the church ls against  tundem mormouism. At tliat conven-  the house of deputies turned down tho  dictum of thu bishops. , Thc bouse of  deputies thus satxslled the world, to say  nothing, possibly, of thc flesh and the  dovll. Tlio representatives of tlio 'New  York four, hundred,      in     tbe houso, of  deputies, said they'd strangle the canon  against rc-marriagc, and tliey did. Both  sides aro right, don't you see? The  bishops from the biblical sido of tho  question, tho,deputies froSm the worldly,  piactical point of view. Nover wns thero  a more brilliant example J-Iiiih this of  tiie beauty of compromise in legislation  99999999999��9Q99��9*^999S)99999tS)CI>Q9t999990��99��9ft  His Last Wish.  "You  are  dying,"  said  the  doctor to  the man on his death bed. "And do you  really think I am going?" said tliu wan.  "Yes,   I  know   it,"   said       the    doctor.  Thu  dying  man  turned his head,      nnd  looking at him  who had come to mnke  out   the  Inst   will,   said,   "And   do   you  think  i am  dying?"  "Yes,  1 am  sine,"  said   the lawyer.     Tlie  dying tmiin   then  said   to   the   doctor,   "How   much   do,'I  owo you?"     "About     S.100," said    thc  doctor,  who liud    been     >iu   attendance  about tluee (lays.    Then the dying man  tinned   to   Uio  lawyoi,   who     had   given  about three liouis'  attention   to making  ol  a will, "and said,  "Uow. much  do ' 1  i  owe  you?"   "About   SI 00,"   said  lawyer. "Well," snid tho dying  "won't you please kneel on each sidci'of  my bed when I nm dying?" "Why tlo  you'mako such a request?" said the doctor and lawyer. "Well," sold tho dy ng  man, "it will be a great satisfaction to  mo to die in tho samo manner that my  Savior died���between  two  thieves.  tho  I  man,  Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AND)  Labor Council meets flrst and third  Thursday ln each month, at 7:S0 p. za.  President. W. J. Lamrick; vice-president,  P. J. Russell: secretary, T. H. Cross; financial secretary, J. T. Lllley; treasurer,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms, C. J.  Baiter; statistician,. J. H. Browne.  Some months ago a cranky sort of an  old man came into Tho Independent of-  ficu mad as a bull hornet and  ''stopped  lus   paper."   The  editor  of    Tho     Inilc-  *       i  pendent has frequently  met lnm  on tho  stieet since that time, and it is very  amusing to him to note the look of surprise on the old man's face that the  editor is still in existence, regardless of  the fact that ho has "stopped his paper." Some day, and it won't bo long,  either, this poor old fellow will turn'up  lus toes. His spiteful old heart will ]bo  still  forever.     Neighbors  and     relatives  will follow his lifeless clay to  thc ccm-  t  etery and lay hiin to lost     among    the  llowers. An obituary will appear ' in  tho columns ol Tlie Independent tolling  what a kind father, good neighbor, and  benevolent citizen ho was���which lie tho  recording angel will kindly overlook for  chnrlty's sake���and in a short timo he  will be forgotten. As he lays out thero  iii tho cold graveyard, wrapped 'in the  silent' slumber of death, he will novcr  know 'that tlio last kind word 'ever spoken of Iiini'wus by tlie editor af Thc  Independent! which in life he "stopped."  PROVINCIAL PROGRESSIVA  PARTY.  Following ls the platform adopted at  the Kamloops convention of the Provincial. Progressive Party:  * That this party lays lt down '2s a  first principle that (they will nominate,  endorse or support only such men as  wllk place their signed, undated, resignation in the hands of the convention  which -nominates or endorses them;  that this resignation be sworn to; that  this resignation may be handed in to  the lieutenant-governor in council  whenever a majority of the convention  shall consider such action advisable.  1. That we gradually abolish all taxes  on the producer and the products ot  the producer, shifting* them on land  values.       ������  2. Government ownership of railways  and all means of communication.  3. That the government establish and  operate smelters and refineries to treat  all kinds of minerals.  4. That the franchise be extended to  ���women. s   - * '  5. The abolition of properly qualifications for all public ofllces.  6. Farm 4mprovements, implements  and stook not to be taxed, and wild  * The idea of concentrating a large force of  tailors under one roof, thereby mastering  the art of manufacturing "Tailor-Made Garments;" ready-to-wear, has proved a boon to  Canadians. ,  It gives ��� the present generation an opporr  tunity to follow frequent changes of fashion.  FIT-REFORM! embraces the highest ele-  ' ments of modern tailorism at a cost which  enables all to take advantage of its usage.  Tit-iteform  Wardrobe  333 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B. C.  i  '   Self-Measurement Blanks and Sambles on Amplication.  9 Mall Orders PrombtlY Attended to.  s   SHIRT WAIST AND LAAINDRTP  WORKERS UNION. No. life-Meet*  every 2nd and 4th Thursday In each  month In Union Hall. President, G. W.  Rowlands: corresponding secretary, H.  Alltree. 1027 Richards Street; ilnancial  secretnry. IHss M. Whitmam: treasurer.  Miss JeoloUBe: delegates to Trades ana  Labor Council. G. XV. Rowlands, J. Har-  Slc, W. McDcrmott and I. J. Coltnart.  WaTtBRS AND WAITRESSES UNWMI.  Local No. 28. President, Charles Over;  vice-president, A. N. Hcrrington: Becre-  tary-trcasuror, J. H. Perkins. MeetlnB  every Friday evening at 8.30 o clock In  Union Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmulr  streets. .  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  each month in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  nt S p. m. President, Robt. Brunt; vlce-  pre-ldcnt, Chas, Bennett; secretary. A.  r:. ferry. 33 7th Avenue; treasurer, F. C.  O'Brien; conductor, Ed. Manning: -warden, A. J. Wilson; sentinel. J. Howes;  delegates to Trades and Labor Council:  C. Bennett, Robt. Brunt, Geo. Lenfesty,  A. J. Wilson and J. Howes.   UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday In Unlon>  hall, room No. 2. President, A. E. Coffin;  vice-president, Joseph Dixon; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin; tlnanclal secretary, J. M. Sinclair; treasurer, J. Fergu-  bon; conductor, G. Fingley; -warden, G.  H. Blair; delegates to the Trades ana  Labor council, R. Macpherson, J. M.  Sinclair, Geo. Dobbin, Job. Dixon. Geo.  Adams; delegates to the Building Trados  Council, M. McMullen. Levi C. DeWolfe.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, No. 151.���  Meets the first and third Monday ln eacld  month at 8 p. m., ln Union hall. Homer  street. President, Robert Gray; financial  secretary, George Nesbltt, 1207 Homer  street: recording secretary, D. Robinson,  box 37, Vancouver, B. C; delegates to  the Trades and Labor council, William  Latham, D. RobinBon, R. Edwards.   TEXADA MINER!' UNION. No. 113. W.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  m. in Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser: vice-president, J.  W. Austin: ��� secretary. Alfred Rapcr;  treasurer. A. G. Deighton: conductor,  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patterson. ���   I  lands to be assessed at, the price nsked  for them by speculative holders.  7. No land or cash subsidies. Lands  to be held for the actual settler.    '  8. Ten per cent, of all public lands  lo be immediately set aside for educa  tlonal purposes .and education of all  children up to the age of 16 years to  be free, secular and compulsory, text  books, meals and clothins to be sup  plied out of the public funds where  necessary.  u. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes.  10. Restriction of Oriental Immigration by a law on the lines of tlie Natal  net, and If said lu.w be disallowed, It  be repeatedly re-enacted until the cud  sought Is attained.  11. That to protect1, us from Asiatics  already in the province the government  Insert a clause In ill private nets to  this affect: "This act shall be null and  void If th'e ���cotn'pany fails to enter Into  an agreement with the government aa  to conditions of construction and operation,", and that the house pass a  resolution to .prohibit the employment  of Asiatics on all franchises granted  by the provincial house.  12. Conservation of our forest riches,  EVERY KIND  Job Printing Done I  SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY.  Independent  Printing  Co'y  BASEMENT, FUCK BLOCK, VANCOUVER.       -~  pulp land leases to contain a* provision (for re-foresting so as to produce  a perennial revenue and make pulp  manufacture a growing and permanent  industry. s  13. That the act compelling the scaling of logs by government scalers be  enforced.  14. Absolute reservation from sale or  lease.of-a-certain_part-of eacluknown  coal area, so that state owned mines,  If necessary, may be easily possible in  thc future. All coal leases or grants  hereafter made to contain a provision  enabling the government to flx the  price of coal loaded on cars or vessels  for shipments to B. C. consumers.  15. Municipalization and public control of the liquor traffic.  16. The right to a referendum where  a valuable subsidy or franchise is to  be conferred.  17. That all transportation companies  be compelled to give free transportation to members ot the legislative assembly and supreme court and county  Judges.  18. Election day to be a public holiday, nnd provision made tlint every  employer shnll be free froni service at  least four consecutive hours during  polling time. L  Telephone 1���2���5 for a tine livery  turn-out. J. .1 Sparrow, Palace livery  Btables.  Hunt, Cambie street.  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville Btreet  Dan Stewart, Cordova stieet.  ���CIuBb & Stewart, Cordova street m  W. Murphy, Cordova atreet.  MoRae & MioDonald, Hastings street,  east.  K. Larsen, Hastings Street.  J. CarrelH, Cordova street.  Bimnn & Co.. Cordova street  Johnson & Higgins, Cordova street.  S. McPhefcon, Cordova atreet.  O. Ellis, comer Caaibio, nnd Cordova  streets, ia the place where you get  your hair'cut in an artistic manner.,  UNION BAKEfRTES  AV. D. Mulr. Mount Pleasant.  .Robt.  McDonald,    Avenue    Bakery,  Westminster avenue.  Montreal BaikeiV, Westminster avenue.    .  F. Adamn, Scotch Bakery, Bastings  streot.  W. D. Kent, 60 Cordova street.  Toronto Candy Company, Cordova  street. *.   ,  J. Oben, Hastings street.  Mlnohen Co., Granville street  Barnwell Bros., Gi-anvllle street.  R. A. Townley. Granville street.  CAMERON'S   1500K   STOUT..  .T. ]tf. Cameron, well known in socialist circles Iins opened up a book nnd  stationery store at 5;_0 Westminster  'avenue. He handles all kinds cf literature obtainable on reform lines nnd socialism. We bespeak for him a liberal  patronage by tho workingmwi of tliis  'city. Patronize your, own class, working-  'mcn,.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OB"  Electrical Workers, Vancouver Local,  No. 213���Meets second and fourth Tuesday  In each month ln Union hall, room No. 4.  President, Geo. Cowling; vice-president,  R. P. Irwin; recording secretary, A. D.  Hotson, 635 Richards street; financial,  secretary, John Dubberley, -_^ ���  CIGARMAKERS' UNION NO. 357���  Meets the flrst Tuesday ln eaeh month  in Union Hall. President, C. I.. Kuhn;  vice-president, C. Parsons; secretary, J.  C. Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, B. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Schuylmcyer; delegates to  Trades and L,nbor Council, J. Crow, C. L.  .Kuhn and John Mlllan. ,,  THE RETAIL, CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL, PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hall, tho first ana  th|rd Tuesdays of each month. D.  Eein, president; W. 3. Lamrick. H  Taj.*. 248 Princess street. .  BBOTHERHOOD OP PAINTERS AND  - DECORATORS. Local Union No. IW.  "l&eets 2nd & 4th Thursday in Labor HalL  President, XV. Pavler; vlce-prealdent, w.  Halliday; recording secretary, E. Cruao,  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Gothard, 822 Howe streot; trea��-  urer, H. MeSorley. .  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  Machinists.���Beaver Lodge, No., MB.���  Meets second and fourth Monday In  each month ln Union hall. President, J.  R. Edwards; vice-president, Fred Knight;  recording secretary, Geo. Ilowney; financial secretary, H. J. Littler. 573 Hastings  street east: treasurer, E. Tlmmias;  guard. F. Coughlin. **>  JOURNEYMEN DAUBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union, No. 120���President.  Fred Hawe; vice-president, J. A. Dib-^  don; coricspoiiding-flnancial secretary, J.  A. Stewart, i>] ConIo\a St.; recorder,  W.'1 Hawkins; \��nsurcr, <!.. llower; guide.  A. II. LognU; gtinrdmn, A. E. Anderson; delegates to T. &." L. Council, Fred  Hawe and J. Gilm.in. Hoots first and  third Wednesdays of each' month iii .Union Hall.  JOURNEYMEN TAILOHS- I'N.ON OF  America, No. 178���Meeii first and  third Mondays in room No>. 1, titilon  hull. President, C. Whal.n: vicc-presi-  dent, F. Logg;'recording secretary, F.  Williams, 1814 Seventh avenue ��� W.; financial secretaiy. T. Wood; treasurer,  W. W. Toombs, scrgcant-nt-arms, T.  Mathews.  BUILDERS' LAH-OREUS' FEDERAL.  Union. No. 32, Vnncouvcr���Mcctn  every Thursday evening at S o'clock, in  "room No. 1, Union hall. President.  Fied Collins; secretary, H. Sellers, Western Hotel; delegates to Building Trades  Council. H. Sellers, C'hiis Foley and  John Sully.  .\  VANCOUVER TYPOC'RAl'lllCAL UNION, No. 220, meets the lourth Monday in each month at Union Hall.  President, C. S. Campbell; vice-president, H. W. King; secretary, S. 3.  Cf'othnrd; P. O. box 00; trensurer, Geo.  Wilby; sergcnnt-nt-ai'iiis, A. F. Arnold:  executive committee, W*. II. Hunt, C��. F,.  Pieriott, W. l.rnnil. llobl.. Todd; delegates to Trade*,* mid l.nbor Council, W.  Brand. S. J. Catlmnl. V. W. Fowler.  CORNER   CORDOVA   AND   CARRALL  STREETS,   VANCOUVER.  Makes a specialty of Dewar's hpc<"iaL  liqueur, also Usher's black label liqueur  whiskey. Large stock of imported and  iloniestlu cigars. Finest billiard and*  pool tables. It.     B.    MULLIGAN &  CO., Proprietors. .  When you want to hire a first-class  horse' and buggy, go to the Palae��  Uverr stables.  Telephone 125. ,,   ,,  -J  : t\  ' i  ���/i  ii  ii  t  -J*  JOURNEYMEN     BAKERS'   AND   CONFECTIONERS* International Union of  America.    Local No.  4(',   Vancouver, B.  C���   meets first and  third Thursday"   ml'  ench niontli.    President, T.  l!n*��tcr; vice-  president.   J    Ingles; recording secretary,  rt  F.    W.    Bnrtle*.  financial     secietnry,  M.  MacLenn.   21(50      Westminster     Avenue,  .Mount  Picas int; corresponding secretary,   .  ,T    Webster,    28*1-1   Westminster * Avenue.  Mount Pleasant; treasurer, J. Wilkinson.  -il  "'      :ll  U A CANNY SCOTCHMAN  THE   FINANCIAL   MANAGER   OF  TKE  COAL MINERS' STRIKE.  Workman Who Kecciies and Disburse!  ���9,000,000 u .Month���Bonded ln Smnll  Sum of 8X3,000, lie Gets No More  Tbuu 8tt,000 u Year for lib. Senlccs  ���Absolutely Trusted by Ills 1'i-llous.  One of the most interesting figures  among tho men who huve been conducting the business end ol the un-  tlirueiio miners' strike in Pounsyl-  viuiiii is Unit'of William 11. Wilson,  secretary und lieusurcr of tho United  Minu Workcis oi America. As the li-  nunciul manager of thu strike lie receives und disburses funds to the  amount of ��"2,000,000 a month.  i'or thc bundling ol tins vast  uinouni of money he leccives a iiiiiii-  est salary, of wliich he coniiibiii.es  2Ii per cent, to the relief fund While  half u million dollars of miner*,'  money passes through his hands  e\ury week, piob.ibly not moio lli.in  S'l.OOO a year goes lo Ins own account  for   tliu  services  lie  renders.  Wilson is u Scotchman by birth,  slow, frugal and absolutely ti listed  by his fellows. He is nuclei- bond lo  thu United ilim* Workers' Association  in the uic.igir sum of (.^d.OOO. Ho  is a round headed mini with wide  open blue eyes, set well apuit, and  lie talks slow!** nnd witli great delib-  eriition. llo mmeys the mipiessioii  of possessing great cant ion, application and hxil.v ol purpose, and ho  handles tho \.isl sums oi money lhat  the mails bung lo his desk. e\oi*y  morning ns if it weie a commercial  product uml not the legal lender ol  the country. He is assisted in his  work by about n do>-en young women, who handle the money, Keep  tlio hooks and attend to the vast  amount of ceiriespondcnce thai is necessary to conduct tlie business of  the us.soii.itum. Wilson designed Iho  system hy which the association's  funds are handled, anil it is simplicity itself.  The headquarters of Piesidcnt Mitchell are in Will c^barrc, from which  place he directs the miners' strike,  while Wilson si ays in Indianapolis  ivnd collects a ml distributes the  sinews of war. -Indianapolis is the  general headquarters of the association because it is the geographical  centre of the coal mining? industry of  the United States. Mitchell's oliico  is ihere, nnd tliere he can be found  in times of peace, directing tho ioi-  tuncs  of  the  association. .  The career of the man is ns interesting as liis present, occupation ami  ollice.     lie was born    in    Blanlyie,  A NOTABLE BANKRUPT.  I'riiu-e Dhulcep SlnKli, Although Kilnc ited  In l:im>i>t>, Still I.ovt-s tliu ll.u-li.irlf  Splendor of lilt Auccstois  Prince Victor Dhuleep Singh, who  has just been declared a hiiukmpt in  thu London Court of Bankruptcy, is  the son of the late Mnhuruj.ih <u' the  Punjab, and although eiliuuteel in  ICiuope he still loves llie barbaric  .-pleudor of his ancestors, and   occa-  MU. WII.��()N AT HIS Ill-SK. ,  Scotland, nnd cnnie to America when  ho  was seven years  old.      When    he  ' was nine yeais old, he was a mine  worker, liis father wus a miner, but  owing to an injury to liis back was  able to undercut a coal bank, but unable to do his loading into tho cars.  This the boy did for him.  At the nge of eleven years he was  a.half member of the Mineis and  Laborers' Jienovolent .Association, in  1876, when he wu..'; fourteen jiuis  old, lie was local secretary of tlie  union,' find he was only nineteen  years of age when he wus dismissed  , from employment in the mines because of lus active connection with  tho union. Me went to Jowa nnd  dug coal and worked on railroads  and returned,to Pennsylvania, where  he agnin got occupation - in the  mines. In 1885 young Wilson was  elected a member of -the district executive boaid in Pcrmsyhunia and  five years later was a party lo the  organization oi tho United Mine  Workers'  Association.  lie became a member of the national executive board of that body  in  1891 und  was  then  elected  presi-  -dont-of���District-No.-2-of--Bit umin-  ous, Pa. May 8, 1'JOO, he was appointed to iill the vacancy created  in the oflice of sccretary-tieasurer  and was elected to it in, IH01 and  re-elected in 1002. He is supreme financial ofliccr of the organization.  Such in brief has been lhe career of  tho man in whom the mine wo.kcis  of the United States place such absolute trust that, they send hiin their  contributions without hesilnmy. Wilson is now forty years old, but in  spite of the fact that he went to  work iu the mines when only nine  years old' he has been able llirouph  the (|iiulilic.s of persistence nnd concentration, which he possesses to a  marked degree, to educate hiirsclf.  lie has read much nnd is a ��� oinpe-  tent mining engineer.  The Oldest. Vessel In Use.  A curious old boat arrived at  Whitehaven, I'mclond, the other day.  At ono lure, n hundred years ago,  the vessel sailed regularly from Porl-  afenry to Wlnleh.nven nnd was 1 lion  called Ihe i'lii-lafei-ry frigate, and afterward the iiiiini* of the Throe Sis-  tors > was bestowed upon her. Put.  most extra ordinary of all. it is solemnly alleged lhat she was used in  168!) at Un O'ge of Londonderry to  carry provisions up ihe famous  Lough Foyle in trlose stirring times.  If thi.s be fo���and tho statement  proms to be founded, upon fact���the  Three Sisters is the pldest-vesse' in  Actual  use.  LINK WITH THE PAST  EEMOUTION    OF   LONDON    HOUSES  REVEALS GREAT BEAUTY.  PIIINCK DIITJI.rKI' SIVGII.  sioually clothes himself in the trappings of the linst. lie married Lndy  Anne, the daughter of tin* Kail of  Coventry, in Hat defiance, of the  lady's family, llo lives in a icnted  palace in Norfolk, nnd tlieie holds  court like any nabob. At present he  is visiting the cities of the Continent.  Architectural Ketalls on tlio North Wnll  ef the ruinous Roman Catholic Chapel  or St. JHlii'ldruiIn���Four MiiBiiMU'HU  WliiilouK K��*\��*uled���Some Mi'nmrlcs <>r  yiwen HesVs Dancing Cluiueelloi*.  Uy lh' demolition of some old  houses on the en*-t side of Kly-pluce,  ilollioiu, some architectural djlnils  of gie.it l-ciuity have beep re'e.iiei! on  thi' north wall nf the laiiious liomun  Catholic dial el of Si. I.ieeldred.i.  'Ill' details ili*-i*liis"d lo public gu/e  ciniMsls of four liiagniticpnl (lo hie  windows al oM' a ml of sn'nller lights  for the ci.vpl. l.owrs of an liilicliire  will do well lo | ay the church a visit licfoi-e lh" windows aie n'.'.a'n shut  awny from the oiii.sidc \icvv by the  new liuil.lings ihal nre to be crci'tcil,  says Lloyd's Weekly to its I ( ndon  render-. 'lhe ihureh ol Ml. I*;*, hel-  dieila. or. as it was one time culled,  ���'Old St. Ai.ch'.v's," i.s one of the  most int"ii"-ti!in places 0i vol*-hip in  .lie metio;ii.:is. ll wus creeled in  the lotirttentli century as lh' ��� Impel  to lh" gnat l-alace of the liii h ips of  Kly. which occupied the < n* ir ��� space  now !*noun as Fly-place, n-ad h,n! nt-  tli'hul to it. a IniiiOiis si re v. l*c n y  wliere Tut ton-garden now  The Bishop's palace was de-  hy fire,  the chapel a'nine   es  Kind'il,  stands,  stroked  WOKE IN HER COFFIN.  in Ilueiuts  Terrible Kutl of a Young I.iulj  Ayri-.  A letter just leeched in I'm is, from  Buenos Ayres reeoids the death of  Mile. Cambaceres, a descendant of the  famous Preach general and a member  of one of the leading families in Uie  Argentine capital, under most distressing circumstances.  The unfortunate young lad) hail  just, turned IS years of age, mid her  birlhday was celebrated by a grand  reception. All her friends came to  Oder their congratulations and  brought presents.  In the oxening Mile. Camhac.eres  went up to her room to dress for the  operas She was in the act of putting  on her hat wheiwshe fell to lhe  ground,' apparently dead.  Tho funeral took place within 24  hours, as under municipal law a  corpse must not be kept longer.  A few days afterwards someone  started the theory that Mile. L'nm-  baccrcs had been poisoned, and the  authorities ordered the body t0 be  disentombed and a post-mortem examination made. When lhe .coflin wns  opened il was found, to the horror  of everyone, that the veil which covered tho face of the unfortunate girl  was lorn, and ior fac*c scratched all  over. Pi om these facts it appeared  clear that Mile. Cambaceres had been  buried alive, and had torn the icil  and sere-.died her face in her  strnggles to got out of thc coflin.  The case, though not reported in  tho press, has produced a most painful impression in Buenos Ayres, nnd  more so as Mile. Cainbaceies wns  very nretty and beloved by all' who  knew her.  Alive in Coflln.  From Malmoe, the pictnres,-|'ie little'  Swedish town which faces Copenhagen, across the Sound, comes a  ghastly story of premature interment.  A servant girl of the town who  siiller?d from severe toothache had  placed in tho hoTlow of a decayed  tooth, beforo she went to lied, a  small wad of cotton wool, which had  been steeped in narcotic oil. While  she was asleep the cotton dropped  into her windpipe, and she was found  tho next morning apparently dead.'  The master, believing that she hnd  taken poison for the purpose of committing suicide, and being uimoiis  to avoid publicity of the matter, at  once sent for a coflin; the body tins  placed in it, and it wa;i screwed up.  Later on, in order to obtain ihe necessary medical certificate, "iihout  which -iho burial conld not take  place, a doctor was sent for, end, on.  his arrival, the coflin lid was ,in-  screwed .  What was the horror of all to discover from the appearance -if the  -girl's-hody-that-sho-hail-evidently-re-  covered her senses after beinj; cnrlns-  ed in the coffin, nnd hnd "uiile "* io-  lent nnd inelTectnnl efforts to free  herself���efforts which hu I  ceased only when death really  to hei   aid.  ""gSggSiSi'  WINDOWS 01" l.t.Y IT.ACI'. CMI'llCH.  raping. Tt remains as beautiful as  when in ils prime, 'ill.' tracery of  ils east and west windows, its oak  roof, magnificent crypt, and cpiiet  cloister in which lig tiees llourii h, being amongst the finest example.-, of  tlielr mind in England Alter many  vicissitudes tbo chapel was purchased  in 1874 for ��~i,'2Iit), liy (he Koman  Catholic: Fathers of lhe Older of  Chanty, and after thoiough restoration at the expense of the Pul.e of  Norfolk and others wn- roopcn-\l for  woi-ship in 187(1. 'lhe spot i.s mil of  nien.ivies, especially of Sir ( hnslo-  I'licr 'Halt on, Queen Elizabeth's  "d.i'ic-ing Chancellor." Legend has it,  Unit a certain Lady llutton, who  liwd in Kly-pl.ice, sold herself to the  d'\il. ii iv I. ut lh* instigation of the  latter, held blasphemous revels at  midnight in the chapel. . She hml forgotten the date on which by the compart sho was to yield hei self to thu  liend, end was actually holding an  o.gie whsn he came to fetch her. An  awf'il storm took place, 'a^ 1 next  inoining her mutilated body, with the  heart torn out, w-.is found in an ad-  10 ning thoioughfuiT. uh.ih still  bca\s the name of "'Bleeding Heart-  yard,"  fni.i'ly  came  A Thames Island ltir Sul<*.  The famous Kel Pie Island Hotel at  Twickenham, with ils freehold, is in  the minuet, ami will be shortly  brought under the hammer, says  Lloyds' Weekly Newsi uper. It lias a  mnin frontage of 580fl. to lhe liver,  with* an 80ft. depth to the buck-  water, and is highly popular with  boating | arties up river. It is a  pretty, sequestered spot, set in a silver -stream, amid a muss of foliage,  and forms part of the picturi'si|iiQ  Iiiehmond lllll \ie\v. Jt was heie-  nbouts that Pope wrote nnd Turner  painted some of liis uuislerpieces of  river scenery wilh cloud effects. The  "tube" and the elect lie. curs will a  short month hence bring the island  in direct conununicnlion with the  Bank, and the Mansion House.  Taxed Cats.  ��� Jn the German town Angustiisbcrg  a tax ot 2i_ cents on one rat and of  75 cents on a second eat in the same  household was imposed some years  ago. It worked so well in reducing  the number of stray and valueless  animals that the c,ities arc thinking  of following the example of the  town.  Do Wet to His Men.  An Englishwoman who was present  whon JJe Wot addressed the nien and  women in a concentration camp after  the signing of peace sends a summary of his remarks to "lie Manchester Unai dian. The speech is a  remarkable and strong mixtuie, displaying at once Jie Wet's natural  ch.igiin and his 'determination grimly to abide by the promise lie has  given, Jie said: "Of course you will  all like to nsk me the question,  'Have we lost?' In a word, I must  -sny, 'Yes.' , Our flag is fallen. It is  dead and buried, never to rise ngain,  and we are now under a new uovein-  ment, which we have to sei'M-, not  as well as we served our own, but a  great deal better. Hunger," he went  on, "compelled me to give in, but I  stood till the rifle was taken out of  my hand. I could point my linger to  a good many cowards here who weie  going to shoot the English in thi.s  way and that way, but who never  filed a shot and simply s"ti-enilei-'.*il.  I indeed thought more of you would  remain loyal, as some of us did and  weie true to the last. But, as it is,  if���.ever I hear of anything wiong  among you���that is, disloyal to the  new government���I, Chii'-tian De  Wet, will bo tho first to arrest you  and have you well punished."  Kulnniaklng In llnsnbi.  .A curious rase of the desecration of  a grave by a superstitious- population  is it'l-ort il irom the distiict of llog-  nt/n in I'o n'a. A peas nit living in  IV, \ illa;;e called llrtn-i\iiv.a committed sinci'lo by hnna nj- himself.  Shortly .ilteni'nicl .i severe drought  set in. which lhrcntcn-.il u> disiruy  tho crops". 'Ihe peasants held a council, and, conn jet ing the di ought wilh  thj man's suieicU', re.soh'ed lo i,pui  lhe grain, and | our water un the  coi'l*"!', in order tlint ithis mi;;ht hrinj;  the lone.nl-i'o-- nun. 'llieir inieiiiioas  v e:e larriul out. and thegiave was  th.*n filled again, utter prayer hnd  been of'ered 'lhe rain, however, did  ii'it come, and llie villagers who had  tn'tcn j art in this curious rite hnve  hem aiTcslul by the irindii"ine.s. ���  J oinlon Standard's Vhiiim  Letter.  .Salary Om' Dollar l'er Yer.***.  Charles Henry Oilihs, keeper of lhe  "bug light," at Nantucket, niinually,  about .July 20, receives a check for  $1, his yearly salary. 'Jhe old  lighthouse hns been put out of action by shifting sands on the south  ?ido of Nuntucket harbor, hut the  United States Government allows the  aged mariner to live in it nnd pays  him the smallest of all federal salaries to give him official sanction. In  his youth Captain Gibbs chas'jd thc  wlialo for a livelihood. Now he  breeds r*ts and hens.  MAN AND HORSE. ���  -���onic Keinitrhalilv Cases (if Knilurnnce on  tin* l'ait orliiitli��� Military Blilo I'roin  llnissels to Ostein!.  'Jliere i.s a very-genenil discussion  iroing on in the Euro|>o.iii press re-  Kiirdfiig the iiniiecc-sniy cruelty to  bu'.sos ntt.ndng the military ride  from Brussels to Ostend, whiih ro-  cintly brought together conlesifints  fium most of the Kuiopeiui armies.  The 1 omlon Chrcniile gives some remarkable c.i-is ol endurance on the  pait of both nien and hor.-eh. Charles  XII. of Mmi-leu rode from l'emsti;*a  in Tuikey lo Slielsun on the l'ultic,  a distance of l..l('0 niile*^ in a fort-  r.iehl, diiriir.' whnli he thus kept up  the pace at lhe li'cinc.-idoiis 'ale of  '.10 miles a day. Nearest .il.m. perhaps, tu this rein,', riding by Chai Ira  Dou.'e aie the "puny oxpriss" per-  fnnsiiinees of C.iplmn I'n '.v, bettei  I Ui'.mi as "I'lil'ulu Hill." who once  (oMieii an "extra distance" of ;!22  miles in one cniiliiiiuiu.s ride at un  uvcr.-.;.;!' spew! of lifteen miles an  hour; whilo from Fort Mcl'heixon to  T'ort Kiai"n",v���u distance of ",��."��� miles  -he role in twelve hours onj day,  and did the letuin ride the next day  in the same lime on the same horse.  In the annuls of i'nulifh histoiy  there i.s the iceord of n line | ��� rform-  niice. This was the feai of Sir Holier t Cary- afterwards JC.ir! ol Monmouth���who had private tcusons of  hi.s own for lie nn the Iirst to ap.-  l ounce to .lames VI. of Scotland the  duith of Queen ICli?a!ii'tli, tn 'iluve  thronu the "liritish Solomon" was  culled lo -iiceee;!. 1'Yoiii l.i ndon lo  J'.ilinburrh the distance is now- *100  miles, a'nd at that time it may be  said to hiuc been even more, by reason of the wretchedness of the rond-,.  Startim? from Charing Cross on a  Thursday moining (Ynrch 21, HiOH),  Sir Kobert reached l.olyrood on the  following Satini.av nifiht. The Iirst  day lie rode lo Doncaster, l."j."i miles  i presumably on relay hoi-i.es); next  nielli h" slept at* a hon**: of h.s  own in Witherin.eton, in Koi'tliumher-  lnnil, about i;)0 miles further, end on  tho eviiluu of the following day lie  iva h:d llolyiood, covered with blj.od  from a fa'l on his horse in Hie lust  section of his tremendous ride. Thus  Sir Kobert���who spent, two ni* h'.s !n  bed���had clone un avei"u-;e of about  13") miles a day foi Ihree successive  dajs���a splemliQ instance ot |..*i:-onnl  endurance.  Captain Charles Townley. a Queen's  foroigb service messenger in 18*1!>,  was sent lo Constantinople by Lord  Palmerston with despatches of mo  mentous urgx'nce and import ante. The  captain could get no fm ther than  Belgrade, by rail, and thence it behooved him lo spur across the Balkans to Slamboul���a distance* of S2D  miles. Every moment was precious.  His orders were "not lo spare himself nor others." He did iritli-'i'. His  wny lay ilhroiigh mud, mountains and  darkness. An old musket, wound opened in his wild career, and dienched  him with blood, and he repeatedly  fainted in U13 saddle. Twice Irs  horso lull with him. Mhirly minutes  to change horses wus nil the rest hi  look���apart from one "blessed sleep  of six hours," and .-"0, after five'days  and eleven hours .in llie SMr.'dle, he  rode, or rather reeled, in'o'lhe ,-ourl-  yard of the Briti"-h Embassv at l'era,  after having covered un average distance of IHO miles a ei ly for fi\e  nnel a half days���a finer case of personal ei.duianee even than that of  Sir Tlobcrt Cary, who had done his  average l.'l.? mile's per diem for three  elays. Tho "voire of Irmor nnd liu-  mnn'ty had been vin licutcd." ns  Canning wrote���nor woulil enyone  have protested, if, in such a case, ti  hundred ho'ses liud been hilled, nnd  Townley's great ride of 820 miles in  131 hours was recited in,'he House  of Commons to I hi pri'do and v.on.l-  cr of all Englishmen.  * Three Notable Signatures,  AVujs of a I'rolcssioual Hcjvfttir. (  M. d^ lllowitz iu the Paris Matin  tells i n amusing story of Iiow a suu-  siriher to tlie "I'.ncycloi'aeilm Brilan-  nicii" used to work. Lie wus a pro-  "fetTsiblial"^wTitl'i-���of-b"egging-l('tters,"  nud in the'iii he leniesenliHl hims*_lf to  be now* one ion of a person and then  another, "getting up" from the pages  of hi.s encyclopaedia the n cess.iry  historical knowledge to givo his letters plausibility. Thus, ha explained. Hint having written a letter in  which he was a potter who h.id been  chemically poisinel and unlittrd for  work, "hJ used she in yclopnedia for  details of his pottery Hade, of which  he himself was entirely ignorant. The  one word, 'kaolin ' which he used in  his letters', uml .In explanation of  thn uso of the material innde every  onD believe in li ��� p'nuinenc.s.s of hi.s  appeal unel li'i.U(.lit him a pei foet  harvest of I nn nolo-, and postal money orders."  Portraits of CJiu'cn Victoria.  Portraits of Queen Victoria havo  bocomo a staple .article among 3"��i*Jt-  ish tculptors. Since lier death orders  havo arrived from all pa."'.s of tho  world. Williumison of Esher is nt  work on no less than tluco colossal  bronze Victorias for tho Northwest  provinces of'India..  ''-lttisslnn Kdltor's 1'ollto Invitation. ���  In view of the repeated complaints  made on the part of the public as to  the lacking inieiest in our news-  puper, the editor begs the discontented to bu kind enough to call on, him  about 1 o'clock, for a pers >nul interview.���Ga/eta, Samar, Ilussla.  WAS  PUE-VIUTOIUAN  LATE PHILIP JAMES BAILEY BZLONG-  f       ED TO A FORMER AGE.  rnssliif; of tho Famous English Poet,  Author of "Postus"���Poem, Publlshi'fl  Id 1S:SU, Was Regarded h, l.yltuu,  Tvllltjbolt, Thackvraj* aiul Otj.erH as  One of tlu* Oreut Pouuis of All iinu*.  Philip James Bailey, the noted  poet, author of the classic poem  "Fcstus," which was published in  1S8U and which was legaided by Lyt-  ton. Tennj.son, 'i'hackeaiy ami others  as one of tliu gieat poems of all  time, died at his home in Nottingham, aged 8(i jears, un the (ith September, l'JOli.  Air. Bailey belonged to a pre-Vic-  toi'ian age, and there were few person.- in l'.'nglnnil but believed Una lie  had long sineii pusscd^awny. 'lhe  poet put all the genius of a lifetime  into his one work, polishing the lines,  changing the conception's here anil  there, and adding < oluminnusly lo  the text yp to a coiiipuiuliU'ly   few  i, .  r i'i'���^feSSSi  1*1111 Ii* JlMHS 1IA1I.I v.  years ago. Jn 1899 a jubilee of tlio  publication was celebrated, anil the  jubilee edition, considerably expanded, piesents the poem in its ultimate  form.  "Festus" appeared in 1S">0. It was  published anonymously at fit st, and  its unknown author was hailed by  the best English critics us the fellow  of Milton and Goethe. Tennyson snid  of it: "I can scarcely trust myself  to' say how much 1 admire it, for  fear of falling into extravagance."  The poem ran through numerous editions rapidly. Jn JS89 eleven editions had a.* pea red in EiigTand, and  in 1877 thirty editions had already  been published in the United States.  Bniley wns born nt Nottingham in  IS 10. His father wns an editor, who  sent hi.s brilliant son to Glasgow for  an education, blithe left the univcis-  ity without a degree to take up the  law. Ho soon abandoned his studies,  however, for poetry. For a long timo  be lived in .Jersey, but in 18S,"i he removed to England, nnd in 1892 to  hi.s birthplace, to spend his olel age.  lie retained his clarity of mind In a  remarknblc degree, but was singularly retiring anil diffident��� n trnit  which accounted for tho fae-t that he  wns so little known personally to  the public.    His wife died in 1S9G.  Ilrltlsli Trade-, Union !>!>.<>l<illm>.  The slo'*y of a Spanish I'liucc-s being allowo.1 to burn to death in tlu  presence of hor atteii'.lan'.s because  lor tlieni to have 'louched her would  have been a breach of etiquette is  g.nerally regarded as the example,  par exeellin e, of old-thue idiocy, but  a recent example of trade anion methods would appear to run it. closer.  A workman, engaged in guiding n  cable in.o u ccn.luit, got his .lingers  enught between tho cable and conduit. ,'1'he men at the other ind continued to pull, being unaware ofthe  mi.'hap. but nn apprentice seeing the  serious sta'e of affairs, rushed up mid  pulled ba---1-: llie cable. A delegate of  th- uiiien having wi'lnessrd the affair. rc-|ort.*,l 'lie workman for having Iiro1 en ih rules of th.' o- der.  'Ill" iri'r.d umn had to go I'e'ore the  I'M'i'iilne to explain his innd-n't, aid  ,ilthoiiL;h h's ilainngoj hr.nl was,a  strong witness in his defence he wns  I'ned "for allowing an appiviuiiu to  do hei er's w orl ���to wit. assist ii.g  a Journeyman elrawing wire into a  icnduit." IJiseipIino is nil very well  in its ,way, but with such muster  inineis at work ono need not won ler  that we suffer -o much from intelligent competition.���Pall'Mull,i.'ti/i'ttj.  PMN-UL STATISTICS.  French  Inrnnt Mortality  Caused by Bud  and Adulterated Milk���-M. <.ustou I.e-  roux's Article In Explanation.  ,M Gaston Lcroux puhlishes in the  Matin an article, on tho inrant mortality caused by had and adulterated  milk. "Ho quotes statistics of a  most painful -nature, wbleh would  seem to demonstrate beyond doubt,  ��hat an enormous percentage of tho  children who die annually in Franco  are literally poisoned by bad milk.  'Ihis aitiile is illustrated b,yrn map  of Fiance, on whiih the greater or  less infant mortality from that causo  is indicated by small or large black  spots. A glance at it shows that  Franco may Le divided into two legions, ono to tho noith of tlio Loire,  whore moro than half the 'children who die succumb to iiustriiis,  wh'reuH to the south of tho Loire  not moro thnn ont-thircl die fiom  thut disc'u.'-o. At'Troye-s the iiereent-  ngo of the infants carried olT by gastric diseases ia (I!). at Alans it I.s (i.'i,  nt Itenn.'s 0*1, at Boulongc-sur-Alor  '19, at Ami-en; (ii, at Lille .10, at  Pai'is .'Mi. In the south of I'liince thu  ioiui arnlh'ely fow deaths of infants  irom that disease i.s most, suiting.  At TouloufO It is *'U per cnt. of tIio  '.olnl inf.iutilo mortality, at lle/icrs  1" per cent., and at Oleimont only G  per cent.  lCxpininiug the plun.iir.cnon of, Ihe  hi{.h rate of infant mortality from  gustrit's lo the north'cf the Loire  compared to that in tha south of  France, Af. Caston Leroux says it is  eliiei to the adulteration in the north  of tho countiy, where the making of  butter i.s a gie.it industry, wlieioas  very little butter is made in the  s-ou-.h. He ccn-idcrs that it is, moreover, now completely established that  to feed children even on unadullcrat-  ��� d cream is a dangerous anil guilty  practice. Jn ci nnection with .lhe  dangers attending tho consumption of  milk, not only by infants, but by adult persons, it i.s interesting to nolo  tl.o following lines contained in "Les  Principes do Laiterio," written by  Dr. Iluclaux, Director of the Pasteur  Institute;  "Numerous experiments havo showo  that milk of rows suffering from ti ���  bcreiilo-fis contains bacilli of tuboreu ���  loses, not only when the udder is contaminated with ��� tuberculosis, but when * it is ' in,  reality healthy ar.*d the disease elsewhere, lt Can bo affirmed to-day  that numerous persons suffering from  tutci'C.ulosis owo'their disease to mill?  and 'hit "to avoid the dnnger of infect ion, which i.s much greater thnn  might lie supposed, it is necessary to  cease drin' in-; unboiled milk."���London Standard's Paris Correspondent.  AN INTERESTING PICTURE.  The King Introducing tho ltoer Gonor: 1ft  to (lu* {jui'en.  Tho Boer Gen-rals��� Botha, Dolarey  and Dowct, have expressed themselves  as extremely pleased at the opportunity afforded them of "isiting the  Jiing on board the Royal yacht Victoria and All.eit at Cowos. An illustration of the iuterefctinj occurrence  HIS MA.7f.STY INTT.OIIBCINO TIIKHOE11 QKXK-  KAIS 10 TUB QIIEKV OS UOAIID THE VI<?  1*0,111 A  AND ALIIKHT.  is reproJueed. When Uny reached the  iiojal ya'.ht the King was on deck,  and on their .ascending-tho gangway  His JJajcsty caine forward, nnd, after  being introduced, shook hands with  each of the CJenerals. His Majesty  then conducted th,c tliree Genei als to  lhe royal group antl introduced.them  to tho (Jueen. After a brief interview with tho King, tho Genitals  wero taken forji, trip round lhe ileot  at Spithead, arid then they returned  to town hiuhl.v gratified at tho kind*  manner in which the-King hud lo-  ceiu'd them. - ��� '  Got a Holler Place.  Diuiicl 0'CV.nncll once told the  House of Commons an amusing stoiy  of biibery. A fanner in the County  i)i-H"e.\*i'oi'el-was_promisod-a-p"osiUoir  for hi.s son in letiirn for his vote for  a member of the Loflus f.imi'y. The  father's uiiibilion for the l.oy aimed  nl a sergcantcy in tlie nitillery, but  Lord Loflus, on ���applying for this  post for the youth, was iufoiiucd  that it was totally impusul-lc to  grant his request, inasmuch as il required a pi odious ser\ie-e of six  years to ipiulify a candidate for. tlie  position. j'Does it reeiuiie six years  to qualify a candidate for tho position. "Does it reeiuiie six yeais to  qualify him for a lieutenancy?" demanded Lord Loftus. "Certainly  not," was tile answer. "Woll, can't  you make him a lieutenant, then?"  icloined Lord Loftus. "Whereupon,"  snid O'Conncll, "tho fellow was made  a lieutenant for no better reason  thun just because ho was not fit to  ho a sergeant."  An Intolllj-ent Shark.  A huge shark seized tho anchor rope  of a boat in which children wero fish"*'  ing oft- Pnren/o, on the, Adriatic,  and pulled tho cnift about, evidently,  trying to upset it, while nnother  -hark' swum around. Tho children  escaped by cutting the rope and re-wing ashore-���London Mail.  Trees on a Monument.  Trees are to be planted and a general monument erected by the municipality in the quarantine harbor at  Odessn, where several British seamen  are buried.  IIorcis Antique*.  'J hi remarkable disclosure that one  of the ancient iiomnn statuettes in  the museum at Vienna is found to bo  rich in tobacco products und to be,  in fact, indisputably 'mnclj from the  woinout mouthpieces of pipes ijiiii cigar holders will send n .'hock 'through  all the cabinets (with a small c) in  Kutope. It is now asserted that the  majority of tlie nnlii|uu works of  art of it liis description are the work  _of_contemp_orar,v_ (! rcoks,_,who_api!ciir_.  to have made this unsavory industry theirs. As Lord Alactiulay has it  in a well '��� noun lay:  Such cunning tliey .who live on high  llnvc given unto tbe G)i*e*l;.  We , may even- adapt another lino  from the same source by the alteration of one word to form a motto for  the collector of such curiosities: ,  Leave to thc Giee-k his timber nymphs!  .   .        ���London News.  Kltcliumtr'H A*ilti;riiiili Kstliiuili'.  ' That Lord Kitchener's modesty, fs  equaled only by his brusqucness was  proved tho olhv day during hi.s stay  wilh Lord Londonderry at Wynyard  Pai'k, siiyi a London cable despatch.  The hero of South Afiiea has been  pursued by an army of autograph  hunters anil snnp-shotters, Finally lo  .one young man who had served in  South Africa Loid Kitchener turiioil  and said impatiently: "Young man,  make your own autograph worth  something.   Mine is worth nothing."  Ills "Waterloo Ilroi'rlie's."  The first Duke of Wellington onco  received a letter from C. J. Loudon,  a horticulturist, asking permission to  see the Waterloo beeches at . Strath-  fieldnye. Mistaking the signaturo for  "C. J. Ijondon" /ind "beeches for  breeches," thc Duke wrote gravely to  the great astonishment of that good  nian, that his Waterloo breeches had  "disappeared long ago."  -,  i,    s j  ���-' .*-,*<,*.-y�� i* evii' "-.  \- :   -', ZitSC  rS**"  I&iJ  i  l\  U /  'ITT  THE INDEPENDENT  VAXCOUVEP., B. C.  JINGLES AND JESTS.  Tin*  PlnmioKls.  He hnd ��,. -n u uilll.ircd doctors,  A '. i*,.i",l   jis. and more,  And i.u'i ;n|i| n dlTeient tale  I*',*oin uu* i.lie jusi m-roic  From el'se.isf*s impronouncpnble  To orrllii.i!>  ��� ���llllls-  Well, tlu.y i;.iv- ii I tn ull the ailments.  1'resellu*il blai wllh* bills.  fnlll lie rc.'ieliul lhe limit.  Thf iri.ii wrs iilnio#t dead  It.'nke, bui, nuuucrm;; Ills courag*  l>p  Itiis Is what he said:  "1*11 n'nlie ii diagnosis, doc,  If >ou'll Upton ter the p'lnt;  ���Pe.us lo ire*, rntiMdcrln'.  Your hcul's plum out or J'Int!"  Tlio ��uri*;!iiK: Jinn's Vlctv.  "It's my opininu Unit marriage Is a  failure-." Mild tlie misanthropic .bachelor.  "Yon nie decidedly wrong," replied  the popular ele:i'g.' inuii. "My June wedding fees will bin; my wife's clothes  for n yeur."  Skeptical.  .They sny this earth I.s cooling off,  And science tells us why,  . And yet wc arc disposed to scoff    ,  As we approuch July.  A POPULAR BELIEF  THAT  RHEUA1ASISM   IS   DUE  COLD, WET WEATHER. -  TO  Such Conditions Aghr.iiale tlio Troubles,  Clint 11 is Now  Known to He- a ]>isf'Uso  or tho  Xllooel���Outward Applications  Cannot Curo It.  "Sticky" varnish may be dried by  applying a coat of benzine, and nfter  two or three days apply a coat of  good varnish and lot dry thoroughly  before using the furniture.    *  Remove stains from teacups with a  little baking soda, rubbed on with  the fingers'. Some say a little salt  is just ns good.  To make shoes waterproof and  make them last a long time, dissolve  beeswax and a littlo sweet oil to thin  it. Beforo tlie shoes nro worn, warm  the soles and pour the melted wax on  them with a teaspoon, then hold it  close to the firo till it soaks into the  leather; then add more until the leather censes to absorb it.  To cheek vomiting, give n teaspoonful of whole blnck mustnid seed.  A tablcspoonful may be needed in severe cases.  To clean light kids, put the gloves  on the hand and rub thoroughly with  white corn mcnl, using a piece of cotton flannel for the purpose.  One ounce flour of sulphur to one  quart of water. Shake well at, intervals for a few hours, und when settled saturate the head with the clcnt  liquid every morning This is said to  cure vexatious dandruff, a disease of  the scalp.  To remove grense from broths for  the sick after pouring in a dish, pass  clean white wrapping paper quickly  ���ver the top of broth, using several  pieces," until grease is all removed."  Pr.- ,7. P. TCclloirtr's Dysefitry Cordial  is prepared frnm drucs known to tho nrn-  fesslou ns thoroucrlilv* reliable for the*  euro .of cholera, dyscntry. diarrhoea, iirin-  ini; niiinK and summer comnlaints Tt  hns Tieen used successfully bv medical  nraetltionets for a number of years with  irrutifying results If sufTerinir from nnv  summer comnlnint it is lust the medicine that will cuio vou. Try a bottle.  It sells for 25 cents  Tho onco popular belief that rheumatism was entirely the result of ox-  posuie to cold or dampness,  Is now  known to be u mistake.   Tlie disease  may bo aggravated liy Jixpostue, but  the root ol  the  tiouble lies in  /the  blooa, and must bo treuted through  it.    Liniments and outward applications never cure, whilo Dr. Williams'  I'ink I'ills always euro because they  make now, rich,  red blood,  In which  disease   finds   lodgment    impossible.  Concerning tho uso of these pills Mr.  A. G. Lucombe,   Sorcl, Que., snys:���  'For upwards of fivo years I wus   a  victim    to   the tortures of   rheumatism.     At tunes the   pains    in   my  knees, shoulders nnd hip woro almost  past indurnnco.     At other times    I  could not dress   myself , without assistance.  1 tried    several    remedies,  somo of them very costly,    without  gotting miy more than temporary relief at the most.   At this juncture a  friend urged me to try Ur. Williams'  Pink   Pills, and   spoko so highly of  tho pills that I decided to try them.  Almost from the very first these pills  helped me,   and by   the   time 1 had  taken seven    or   eight boxes    every  twinge   of   rheumatism    has    disappeared nnd 1 was feeling better than  1 had for years.     I would   strongly  advise   similar   sufferers to give Br,  Williams' Pink Pills a fair trial, as I  am confident they will not only drive,  uwuy all pains anil aches, but leave  you strong, nctive and happy."  Br. Williams' Pink Pills are the  gicalosi tonic medicine in tho world.  These pills not only cure rheumatism  but ull troubles whose origin conies  from poor blood or weak nerves, such  as nnncmiii, consumption, neuralgia,  kidney trouble. St. Vitus' dance.par-  tial paralysis and the irregularities  which make the lives of so many  women a source of misery. Some  deuleic; offer substitutes, and in order to protect yourself you must see  that the full name "Dr. Williams'  Pink I'ills for Tale People " is on  the wrupiM-r around every box. Sold  by ail dealers or sent by mail, post  paid, nt 50 cents a box or six boxes  for S2.."i0 by writing direct lo The  Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brock-  yille, Ont.  VIAMEDtt  Fair Vliimcde, I voice thy praise:  From thy 'cool porches glisten  Wide gleams of slh'ry wiituiwnys ;  Thcic ihe.iiuers  love  to llsfn,  As cloning's u���per shadows lildc,  Th' encluinllng scenes biiriouiuliug,  That sense  to spirit  may confide,  The huriiLonics  abounding.  "J'ls Mi-eet to I'nsvr In tliy spi-II:  Tr.e his bi'i'oaies  the cinder;  Xn lu-firt tlmt laii'th nature well  i'iiii lirre become* ,i tinier.  Thou limit nil moo.Is of sli.ule   ami sh'iie  Within tliy bounds alildln*--:  Here eiuth nml  liiMven doth Intertwine,  Tin* gilts In tlielr founding.  VVIirn morning's mlstv jrnrini'tils cleave,  As oiicli bright ajsle nrlMctli,    ���  And all llie eulois luleiwciie,  Which Vls'ou cniioiilKctli;  The pi'11Ii   light, llie gieen anil gold,  The  nilrroii-l  sky-bloom   lilinillug,  Tlie  p'etui'd  iiiliulen-  unrnli'il,  Appciu' as If iiui'iiillng.  O'itIii'iiiI the elniulw.'ty, white nml any,  KIoiui lu a snpplili'i' setting.  And t'nvnid tlle snrtli-lniul far nw.tr,  Sim nil trllls <>f f.-ibv netllng;  Tliere, lillluu'.i, siiiiwdrift  iiioiuilnlin tell  Of leiu.iiice, >.siiiig mill ���.liny;  In liit'in  tue itmoiuu.--  snub irns ilwe.'I,  Anil suh-tiuilsliite their gloiv',  ��  Ibirk In the north, wlnil-klsli'il nnd swlrl'd,  A sti,i*iii luiMks on tfic iblui���  A   I'lt.'iu li.illi a t.iu|ii"�� Inn led,  High  Into realm  e*ljv*iiii:  Tin-  tlumtoes  wood   nyinplic;  ot the glens  rioui dell and dingle hasten.  1  hear thein sobbing tliiuiiidi llie fens.  I.ll:e gnomes lint Grief eloili ehasten  *. ,  The lieinlillng poplnr tnss it law.  The elm lime*, enrl and llletier.  The erlikets hide thi'in In the mo*-,.  The lo'ilns cnll end sputter.  As down  the  Idas!,   with   linsli  unci   roar,  Cometh the boisterous booming.  While lle*lel unci loicst,  hike uud shore,  Kecolve baptismal blooming.  \'o *irtlst neiitll. tinln'd to prnb*e. ,  May   paint   the   tints  attending.  Nor s]>.i>k!liig nin'ccli. nor lii'liaut phrase  Desfrilie the beiiutv blending.  When In the* west tlie sun retire**,  Klinic, i-liili'd. nt the e\en,  And llglils fi cation's tires.  I.oU'-jicrliiuieil  milo hi"ivcn.  Llewellyn A. Morrison,  Stony LiiM', IPC*.  Pumpkin seeds nre very attractive  to mice, nnd traps baited with them  will soon  dcstioy this little pest.  FARMER IS NOT SO SLOW.  In his Vc-cctnble I'ills Dr Piirinelce  hns gnen to the woild the fruits of lone  scienUflr lescaich in the whole realm of  incdiViil science, combined with new unel  valuable dhi'oveiios nevei before known  lo mm). Por delicate niul debilitated  constitutions Parmelee's I'ills act like n  chin in Taken in small doses, the effeit  is both a tonic and a stimulant, milellv  o\cilInc the secretions of tho body, cl\-  liu1* tone and vitror.  iFfthel���"I wondei if he loves me as  he says? lie has known me only a  week." Clarissa���"Ho may if that's  all tlie time he has known you."  Pounded glass mixed with corn meal  and placed within the reach of rats,  it is said, will banish them from the  promises; or sprinkle cayenne popper  where they go.  Spots on varnished furniture can  easily be removed by rubbing them  with essence of peppermint or spirits  ���f camphor, and nfterwnrds with furniture polish or oil.  Messrs. C. C. Richards & Co.  Gentlemen,���My daughter, 13 years  ���Id, was thrown from a sleigh and  injured hor elbow so badly it remained stiff and very painful for three  years. Four bottles of MINARD'S  LINIJIENT completely cured hor and  she has not been, troubled for two  years.   ' Yours truly,  J. B. LEVESQUI3.  St. Joseph, P.Q.,' Aug. 18, 1900.  Monkey Brunei Soap removes all stains,  ruit. dirt or tarnish���but won't wush  clothPS  Memory is the primary and fundamental power, without which there  could be no other intellectual operation.���Johnson.  ' A cultivated reader  of history   i.s  domesticated in all families; ho dines  -with "Pcricles_a"nd~sups���"with_Titiati7  ���Willmott. t  '  ;/   MfliARD'S LINIMENT Relieves Neuralgia.  ft'V  ���Oil  Oh that you could turn your eyes  toward the napes of your necks, and  make but an interior survey of your  good selves.���Shakespenre;  There run he a difforenco of opinion on  most mihlccts, but thoso is onlv ono  opinion ns ,to tho reliability of Mother  Craves' Worm Eictornilimtor. It Is safe.,  suro anil effectual.  Coroner��� "\ou sweiir positively  you wero not to blame for thc man's  death?" Dr. Tyro (hnughtily)-"Cer-  tainly, sir; they did not call mo soon  enough."  Color Is One of tbe Most Important Points in Well Made  .. Batter.  'Too many buttcrmakers lose sight  of tlie fact that "color" is one of  tho most important and effective  points in good butter. The sweetest  and richest butter is but half prepared for the critical eyes of consumers, if tho color bo faulty or objectionable.  Wolls, Richardson & Co.'s Improved Buttor Color gives tho natural  golden tint to butter in tho,autumn  and winter seasons. It is the favorite color in the Government Creameries, and is used exclusively by the  largest makers of butter for export  and homo consumption. Wells, Richardson & 'Co.'s Improved Butter  Color never fades from tho .butter; it,  "does not turn a bricky shade such as  other colors produce; it is pure and  harmless; its keeping qualities ara  perfect; it is tho strongest, therefore  the cheapest to uso. * Ask your druggist or dealer for it; tako no other  maks.  SI in I'lom   the  Country Dents the CImii  I*'roin Mic Centres nl l'ojmlntion.  Don't laugh al the man from tho  countiy ii ho comes to town without  a patent leather shine. That team ol  his have got it on their harness.  Don't laugh because he gapes at a  horseless carnage. Ten to one you  wouldn't know a hanow fiom a  hay-rake, or an Ayrshne irom a IfoU  slein. , >,  Don't gi\c him the-merry ha-ha because hu UL'.iia a lne-clollar suit. It  is paid lor, and he hales tailor bills  worse than the devil.  Don't swell jourself and call lnm  a pump!.in because lie cuts the sweat  from lus brow with Ins forefinger' instead of a silk wipe, 'lhat sweat fertilizes the ground CO bushels to'the  aero and leeds the world. Go out in  your 10.\0 back yard, cut down tho  weeds, tidy up, raise a bh&ler-^and  Complain to your wife what a 'slave  you ate  Go to, yo scoffers, who rail at the  man in the country und call him  Rube. '  Compaie.  Do yon    lime   that   slonc-in-your-  crop leeling after meals? Take a pill,  then    look    at the farmer    and pity  youiself. He doesn't eien know what  the word indigestion means. Give him"  a dictionaiy and lie would think   he  was hunting for a Latin quotation.  His boss?  Time chocks? -  Tay, days?  Crowded store workshop?  Sti ike?  The farmer bossed, putting in a  time-check, waiting for pny-da;"���well,  hat diy ; /?  His own boss, the only cheque he  knows about is that paper one from  the grain buyer, and the leather one  eier the neck of tho colt ho is  breaking. Kveiy day is pay-day with  him di awing on tho soil in summer  anel the bush in winter. Luijky chap,  got two banks, both founded on God.  His workshop the acres, peihaps  300 6( them, where, roofed by the  sweeping skies, served by the sun  seasons, tickling the soil, and watching the om th laugh grain, ho is master of the situation and doesn't know  it.  Tine, his boots aro hceided with the  dew of dawn, and his shirt damp  with Uio moisture of the gloaming,  but his soul is as sound as the great  treo that shelters his stock in the  open.  Crowded, yes; sometimes tho bain  cries enough, and he stacks beside it.  And when tho lean year c.omcs and  the world is chastened, when homes  arc wrecked nnd suicide made by a  slrol c of the ticker, when panic is in  the air and poverty pinches, when tho  black flng floats to a peaked wind,  when the ciy for bread goes up from  starving,- then_hc-kills-a-hog���und-is  happy, anel h's wife, innocently  throws thc liberal sweepings from  her table to the chickens.  KnvyVthe farmer. Peihaps we aro  the Rubes.���Ridgetown, Ont., l'lain-  'dealer.  NOTHING LIKE  Paine's Celery  Compound  FOR CLEANSING AND PURIFYING TIIE BLOOD.  It Eradicates the Seed of Disease,  Invigorates and Rejuvenates,  Thousands of men and \Amcn who  have neglected the woik of physical  recuperation m tho summer months,  uro now carrying a burden of dise.iso.  In the majority of cuses impure and  poisoneel blood and .sluggish chelation tne tlio diteet causes of suffering and misery. Aie you, reader.one  of tho victims? If so. do not hesitate a' moment legardiiig what you  should do. The lilo sti earn must bo  made 'puro, the health-wrecking laxity of the blood vessels must be corrected, the nerves and tissues must  bo nourished. 1'aine's Celery Compound is the medicine that physicians recommend for the inci case of  puro blood in the arteries, and for  arousing the purifying organs to cast  off tho impurities that givo rise to  disease Mr. T. F. Mitchell, New  Hamburg, Out., writes as follows ;  "My mother .suffered for five years  with a sore leg, and her system was  so fur run down that doctors could  not help her. She could hardly walk  about tho house. She tried almost  every tii ing to procure a cure, but no  good results came until Paine's Celery Compound wns used, which gave  her instnnt relief. She is now using  the third bottle and able to do her  own work,"  ASK  9  iron  giivie  S  Delicious! flavor.   Free from hull*.     Warranted Pure.  Put  up In  all  sized  packages.  Ogilvie's Hungarian  Ai now jnanufactured.   The great FAMILY FLOUR.  Ioilst Oh getting "OGILVIE'S,"  M they ar* botter than th* Beat.  HAVE   NO    EQUAL..  , She���"Before wo wore married you  said it would give you the greatest  pleasuio to gratify my every wish,"  He���".My clear, 1 said your lightest  wish; and I'll do it too."  Y^^10 tirtsd n fijisd/ fid- <mukffis  14  tt&lht,   Alt' 4Mlf fZostfis ��&?L*ild4St  ft(AL>  ^ yi^tA^A^t/ ei  $fL&1^Mrfo  &sid/4Xh A/&ns�� 'faf&jL'/UtT^'CeKfq, hd^ci^taf  M**_na___n_n____naaaaB___a  YOU    BUILDING?  IP" so  $100 REWARD $100.  The ir.ielci.s of this paper Mill be pleased lo lectin that there is nt lenst one*  drciitlcel disease that .science 1ms been  able to cuie in all its stupes, uud Unit  is ciunirli, Hull's Ontiiiih Uuio is tlie  only positive cure now known to the  uicilicnl fraternity. Cutnrih being u c*on-  &litiiUonul disciBe reeiuiies u constitutional tieiilinent. Hall's Cutinin Cuie  lb tnken uitciimlly, actlne* ilire-ctiy i.non  the blood und mucous sulfates of the  i.iatcin. llicicbv destioj^inif the foundation of the disease ami .gTving the patient slieuctli by building un the constitution ' nnd assisting mituicvm tloinu  its woik. Tho propnetois have so much  faith in its curative pouers that thev of-  fei One Iiundred Dollais lor uny case  thai it fuils to cuie. Send for list of  testimonials      Address,  F. J. "CHENEY  &. CO . Toledo. 0.  Sold bv eliuergists. 73c.  Hall's Family I'ills ure the Host.  'llcnson can not show itself more  reasonable than to cense reasoning  on things above reason.���Sir P. Sidney.  A fool who has a flash,of wit creates astonishment and scandal, liko  hack horses setting out to gallop.���  Chamfort.  USE EDDY'S  BRflPERVIOUS SHEATHING  THE BEST BUILDING PAPER MADE.  It in very much fllronftcr uud thicker than any other (tarred or lmlldtnR)  paper. It iH Impervious to Xrliul, kcops ont cold, Keeps In beat, carrion no smell  or odor, iib<,orbit no niolstnru, impart** no tuate or llnvor t�� anythin); with  wlilch It come�� In contact. It la largely used not odlj for Miootlni; Iiouhcb, but  ror Uiilnj,- cold Morapa bullilliiKj, refrigerators, dallies, cruimorleH, and all  places where the object is to heep ttu even und uniform temperature, and at  tho Mime time iiiolillat' dampness.  Write our Agouti, TEES 4 I'KItSSK, Winnipeg, Tor sumplos.  THE -��. 0. E'OD'V OO., Limited, HULL.  IPWp-v'  AA-iAiMjm^  ��*ft*****A4*��ft*A**��**��*  AFTER THIS  BT BS YOUR FAULT  if you suUerwith what is generally known as a  Bad Liter.  Fleming's No. 9 Liver. Pill*.  will offectually rotievo i*ho worst i-nse of Bilious  Heudiielie, Constipation, Xn .nrostion. ana by  cloam.ng and purifjing tho itotiiiieh relievo  the systom of many of the I> -isous that bring  onfevor*. Ask your druggist for them; if h��  hns none send us iioo for a bottlo, or $1.00 fot  S fcottlos. r  FLEMING'S DRUG STORE, BRANDON  ????v?$???r<??9'?$?��?��?9  Truo friends visit us in prosperity  only when invited, but in adversity  thoy come without invitation.���The-  ophrastus.-  Any woman who admits that her  slioes are too tight is inclined to he  masculine  The plensuios of the palate deal  witli tis like Egyptian thieves, who  strangle those whom thoy embrace.���  Seneca.  The temperature 'is varied,  One day we havoi all kinds on tap;  Thoso cnll it warm'with a new suit on  And.those co'ol who havo a new  wrap.  Aro you a sufferer witli corns 7 If vou  are get a bottlo of Ifollawny's Corn Cuie.  It luii never been known lo full.  "I may tell you at once that I cun  put up with everything except answering back." "Oh, madam! sure  that's just like myself. We shall get  ���n splendidly."  fyHi  Stella���"Just look at Miss Dcs-  plaino and Mr. Baltly ' ovcr thero!"  Miss Potter���"Yes; a'romance of tho  ���lieldle ages, so to speak." '  , Uncle���"Tell mo frankly, Fred,  what is the amount of your debts?"  Trod���"Oh, my dear uncle, just as  much as you please."  Minard's Liniment Cnres > nistempor.  'StulTer���"You know that girl who  refused me? * Sho hus just insulted me  by inviting mo to dinner." Dash-  awny���"What are you going to do?"  Stun'er���"Swallow the instrlt."  Eve Tempted Adam;  And Adam has been'tempting Bra  ���ror since. Imasino a man selling  a woman rancid butter while keeping her attention flxod on a "prize"  given with the rancid butter 1 A woman may be tempted by "prizes"  .to buy common eoaps, that she may  not know will soon ruin her clothes  and hands, ' But she, soon finds out  the difference between common  soaps and'Sunlight 8o*p.' She flnda  Sunlight Soan���Octagon Bar���a jirlza ���  In Itself, v Her clotheB last longer,  and ,her bands are saved from  ecwma, 22t  A Cnnaellftn I^nronpnn Artiiflcr.  Mr. Vi'iillncc Broad.' D.A., nho has  been selected for the newly-created  I o**t of lOtnopeiin Adviser to the^  ( hijieso Minister of Mines, is a Ciiii-  acli.in. He was bo'n at St. John,'If.  H., nnd after e;i-a<li:ating In hoii'its at  tho University of New Brunswick,  took the ttiui'fe of engineering at  McCiill ITiiiven-it.v in Monlicnl. Afier se-rvinr.on tlu- Held stnlT of the  deological Survey of Cnmida li; went  to .South Afriia and h'.is ncMtiieel  much pinctii'iil experience ni coniult-  Ing engine,1!' and mining errolotflst iu  I.liodesin, and subseciiie.nlly ill West  Africa. Mr. Broad has just left for  China. '  1'lllti'd Wiioiluorli.  Tinlcd wqodworl; Is havlngVa wide  voyiie for roloninl bedrooms Just at  pn-si'iit. Pale gieen'and a ere.un  white, flushed wilh pink,'���are much  llki'il, while ti rln 11 finished crenm or  a sihei* gray tlint looks almost white  tiro Iwo other favorites. Care should  be tnken, however, to avoid crude  color tones. '. . _        '  Purely Ctvillrcd Allmcnl.  It is a remarkable fact that  savages h.ivo ever been * known  /stammer.  few  to  A Common  Bred Cow  When toned up bv  Dick's Blood Puri-  fitr will  give as  much and as rich  milkasahighly  bred aristocratic  Jemeycowgives  upon or.  dinary  feed, and  a Jersey  cow when'  gives.  DICK'S  BLOOD PURIFIER  will wonderfully increase her yield'  of milk. It saves feed too, because  a taaller amount of .well digested  food satisfies the demands of the  system and every particle of nour-  auhsucat sticks.*  SO cents a package.  Leenlag, Miles & Co., Agents,  MONTRBAL.  e":^t.utyi.'.z..    ���..     .^.  "KELPiogrH::  Indorsed by b����t English madloaljoiirnsls.  Supplltd to Brltlstnoldlor��|n South Afrlos.  For all Throat snd Oland Troubles, Lumps,  ' f)bscsssss;Old SortsrUloars, Felons, Skin  Dlscssss, Eoxema, Pimples, Stiff Joints,  RhouRi4tlsm, lumbago, Sprains, Bruises.  Pllas, Cuts, Sor* Fast. Pleurisy.  Sold by Druggists, tie.  Try It ens*.  Who partakes in another's joys is n  moie humane character than he who  partakes in his griefs.���Lavater.  e*/>r  more  BE  CAREFUL.  This fellow got scorched, lighting a bad Cigar. Don't you burn your good money in tho  samo way. SMOKE LUCINA. Your good  money gets a good Cigar.  Goo. F. Bryan & Co., Winnipeg.  IMPERIAL HAPLE SYRUP  Tbe quality eUuidard from Ooeu to  Ocean. Sour money book If not sat-  lstaotory. .....  ROSEA tAFLAMME, Agta., MONTBEA!.  Postage stumps will stick, and not  turn up at'the coiners if the face is  wet after applying them.  Minard's Ljiiiiiiciit f-'ii: fliplfcia.  A solution of o.\nlic ueiel will remove ink stains fiom books without  injuring the print.  H AVE YOU SEEN IT? WHAT? LEE'S  - Priceless Kccipes, 3.000 secrets (or  tho home, faim, laboratory, workshop,  and every deimrtiuont of human endeavor, with full index to content!,; 888  puRes, bound in cloth; send 25 conts for  a copy, und if you think the book is  not worth the money send it bnck, and  your money mil be refunded; this is a '  pood side line for canvassers. Write for  terms if you wnnt to cunvnss. WILLIAM  DltlOGS, iic'thodist_Book-room.-Toronto,- -  Ontario.  HALCYON HOT SPRINGS  3.A,i\nT/vramiMi  , Arrow Lake, IS. O.  Sltnntod midst sconory unrivalled for  grandeur. The mint complete health 'resort on tlie continent of North America.  It, baths cure nil Mcrrons and Musoa-  lar diseases. Its waters lioai all Kidney,  Livor and Stomach ailmonts.  Thoy are a iieTcr-falllnK remedy foi all  lilioumutlc troubles.  TEflM-    $13 to J18 pei   ...  to rasidence lu Hois' or Villas.  wsck, according  W. N. U., No. 308.  THE ANGLE LA RIP .  combines the maximum ot light  with tha minimum ot beat, tho  minimum of tiouhl,., tho tuiniin-  um of ozpeinse,, Used In   *  STOHICS.    .  (JIIUltCHKS  IIOTHI.S,  1'ACTOUIUS  ��:to,, Bto.'  It is porfao-  tion in liuht-  intr. The light  tlmt never  fails. H uses  ordinary coal oil���one Quart In IlS hours Ko  t>moke, no odor, no druwiuff up, no removing of  globo or top to light, filled while burning, tht  only light having uo uiidersliailo'ws. Applv  toyour I.cal I'ealor or soud for catalogue) and  Srf.'OS to Hilton, Uljjxon tt Co., V. Oi Box  01, Winnipeg. /  T. H. METCALFE & CO.  Grain and Commission Morohnnts.  HiglM'st prltios paid for u heat, oats, liar,  ley or Hiuc In rarlnt*. Wire or writo me  fur price* before Helling. Liberal adran.  res madu on couNli-iiine>iitH and handled  on commission.   Lh-oiised and Bonded.  F. O. Ho* BKO. Winnipeg, Jinn.      -,  If,the wicked flourish, aiid thou  suffer, be not discouruged. Thoy aro  |fftttetl for destruction; thou art dieted for health.���Fuller.  guard's Liniment Cre'Coltei Etc.,  It is always a sign of poverty of  minel  when mon  aro ever aiming to '  appear great for they who are roally  groat nevor seem to know' it.���Cecil.  41  v,. TIIE INDEPENDENT.  .SATURDAY NOVEMBER. .22.' 1902;  ����������i*-^^  urs  We huve lhe muni complete stock nf New* l'urs In Viincouvcr. All our furs are  now* this season, nnd we huvo every kind, from the medium to tho very best.  i'licse'priees give you imidi'ii; Collars irom 12.25 to JAJ ench. Conts from  $50 to f-'7o ench.  Then tliero nre Ouperinos, Muffs and Long ltous���in fuel, ever.vlhing hern that  make* a complete In; stock.  Tho particular impression wo want to mnke upon you Is that thero Is not a  single picco of last year's furs lu our stunk. Evory piece we show lias been pur-  eliKsei! Hns season.' If you are Inlerestoil, il will afford us grout pleasure lu show  Jj)     you these goods.  J     <S. W. KENNEDY'S.  !Q������������������������������������������������������������  No Weak Spots!  Our UNION MADE Shoes  i'r6inuCanadian and Ameri-  can Union factories are the  best in the ' land. Men's,  Ladies' and Children's.Shoes,  durable and stylish.  TIIEimRS01\SlI0K0,LD  '      SOisJHastings St.  IMS OF TIIKLABOR WOULD  The teamsters' organization 1ms now  490  local  unions.  . ISleclricui'workers ' have won their  ���strike  at  Ottumwa,   la.  Pile drivers ami dock workers in Cleveland are enforcing a new  scale. ���  Striking- plasterers of !New York have  returned   to   work  ponding  arbitration. *v  .  Uhillicotho,   Ohio,  hus  recognized    the  eight hour duy. in  all  branches    of city  "-  work. ''' ' 'X '  Twenty-eight, new  unions of hotel, and  ��� '.;,restaurant 'employees were 'organized'last*'  anonth-  St. Louis waiters have won "better  wages and', hours-after. a strike lasting  ��� Jin hour. V /  ���Typographical union No. 5tt of Cleveland, Ohio, have compromised with employing printers.1 .  Jrprty charters have been issued in the  past-live luolUhs by the American Feder  ation . of Musicians../  ���   "-A-iX; ���   '.".  xi, Tlie   eight-hour     dily     movement      is  spreading to  all    the    flouring mills in  Minnesota../  '���"'"   "vltetail; tobacco dealers in. Boston have  ; V- formed ,ui\   organization  to  light, the tobacco tnist..: / ;'."���,���"*'.  ..... Shopmen   of tho;',.Chicagb' nnd'Eastern'  -'���'-'. Illinois  railroad' gained ."a1 rni.se     of .3  ,: cents per, hour last week.  v..' Silversmiths in  all of the large establishments, of  Xow  York   City  are  strik-  ^ ing for; the nine-hour day. -;  Laundry;*workers   at   lltuiimond, Jnd.,  .; havo gained the nine-hour day and a-.25'  .per cent., increase in  wages. ;;    .;  :    ���:    *,:.  The United 'iirotherliood of Carpenters  und .J outers'i paid out last year. over . a  - million, dollars in Kick benefits.  ,,v Heading,. Pa., Trades Council is mak-  ; ing:''a; fight for,'the establishment of a  ' inunicipai electrio,. ligiitmg plant.  ������'"���-- '���-<- ���:- - *.'���"���;,rp-'-'" -I.A ������":��� ���'...  Ilochr^ter,      N.-Y., is starting the co-  . yirtii'ative. movement by the establishment  "' of a shoe, store under tliat system.  . v InJ3eu.vcriPalls, Pa., machinists, who  ���liaycbWn on a strike for three months,  . liave won shorter .. hours '"'- and "better  ���"Wages.1; "���_-��� A ;-;;'���"��� ;^ .\,.y X ���'.���������.  .-:i'\  .''���"...   Chicago is to have a trade Union hos-  v pita! known as the Mechanics'   Sanatar-  V ium,' withfytwenty beds .for/members    of  that union. ���  Seattle musicians'  union has passed a  .resolution, forbidding its  members  playing at dances where there      is    a     non-  ^^ijh io rif^p r oihiHer:v^f^"^'ri";',^"r:~:":"','; ; ���vr;;*r"  The  Sailors'  union  of  the Pacific has  addressed,   to -President    Roosevelt     a  protest ..against  :the    scheme, 'of .smuggling Chinese into thc United-States by'  steamers taking on crews-of celestials in  :     the orient. Kot only aro thc great tran&*  iTbe Salt    v  is business. AVe want more of  it. -We'll Kct'it il'iin out.and out  bargain will fetch it.  Moh> Is This'  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle, V ,  V  '���'��� ''������' ':'   or        ������ V- ,   "'':,';  Fountain Syringe  'Xi '���������'   ���ISz.y.yX'Xy   "  j�� Tlie McDowell, Atkins,  S ..  Watson Co., Ltd. Liability;  & yjl 'rll I W:T0flATE DKJC6ISTS. % .    /,.;  <  iportation companies violating lhe contract labor law, but Iho exclusion act  as well.... ''i.  ���'��� According to the last consus report,  5,3:10,1)12 women arc engaged in work  of various sorts in ��� the United Stales,  including'all trades.  Printers in Zancsville, Ohio, submitted  a new -scule and it was signed by the  employers, lt calls for increase of '20  per tent.  ;n*.wnges.  The French miners are still on strike  arid thero seems to lie~no prospect of  an. immediate settlement of -the. trouble  between tliem and the operators.;  . Jn Great Britain the Iron Founders'  union has decided to pay an annual  levy of 25 cenis per member .to keep up  a fund for the establishment, of -direct  labor representation in parliament.  : .The trouble between! the Grain Handlers' union and : Balfour, Guthrie &  Co., at Portland,-lias been settled by  the union0 taking 'Jn twelvo employes  who hav*e .heretofore, been, unfair .and tiie  company has signed .an.'agreement for a  ���year.-.;     ���_,    . .', ��� [���;:'���'.��� :':'.,-���>:'''' '. ���;���;'"''-."''  7 Melbourne, -Australia, printers! are taking a ballot of the tradc^ on'the recommendations of the recent political labor  conference., One of the recommendations  is that- every trade society' shall "���':���- con-  . tribute. I'2 cents , a member per year * for  organixing-arid^political purposes. :' ."���'���������  ��� ���. The committee in charge of the benefit given, in San Francisco for. the'bcii-  ejjt of* the miners and striking;; tanners  made the ,.following report .at the last'  iueetin.g of tho/council:.;' The; total receipts during'Alhambra benefit week, including collections; union donations and"  ���;salo of tickets, were ��*1,123.15, of which  t!:e miners received.'*?!',295, and ';the  tanners S1.S2S.15..   -,;'���    ���' ii.  :   , IfABOKSUPREJlfiV;.;.;.   .  TlieivorlU's.groatest benefactors, have  baen mon of energy und iietivily.  .The greatest heroes, in history's pages'  have been nien who toiled   untiringly,  until success crowned their efforts. ,  The toil is but to give vent to one's  ambitions. "���"���.'.-���  The organization, of labor into [ trades  unions is iv work requiring /resistless  energy on the part, of tho leaders and  organizers."        A.'-  Each of us have a part to play;in  keeping in motion the great wheels of  industry, Hnd each individual part is; a  factor in the results of tho whole.���The  Craftsiuim. '   '   iJ-Jz.  '���'J '".::'������'���[  There is a vast difference between -a"  frOO_diHiurr"f^tlrriTere61i^Ti<l^)ruTi3  red dinners for '% 100. -That is the  difference between capital and.labor as  at present exemplified. These Waldorf-  Astoria dinners come high, but labor  has to pay for. them and does not even  liave the privilege of reading the menu.  ���Torre Ilautte Toiler.  In John' Swinlon's Paper, in 18S3, was  published a little song, a pbrlion beiiig  herewith reproduced" wliicli would appear very appropriate to tlio present  condition of affairs brought upon im by  tlie position of tho coal barons;  I'm n bloater, I'm �� bloater,        /.  By iny millions ull aro dazed;  ;  I'm a bloater, I'm u bloater,       .  On the "wnter" I lmve rulniidl  I'm ii-nurilng, loudly numliig  --'-i     Wollmy wcnlth in coffcracrammed,  Public's cursing, loudly curBing,  But the public may be dinned!" .  Among our visitors this week wero  Mr. Tully Boyco and. Jlr," Connoll, of  Nanaimo. Mr. Boyce is aii old-time labor .unionist,-'having; bcenVpreBtdcnt of  the miners' union in sthe stlrring7;tiines  in the latter part ot tha eightjes. - ��� ' ' -  CO-OPERATION  -.V'-- A  :���*���&  m  [ContinuMl fromPuge One.]  live society's stores, because his ��1  then becomes enhanced iu value to the  extent of the 2s. 3d. returned lu dividend when tho prollis of the society aro  distributed.  2. l'.iicuuriie't'iiiviit to tlnift and sav  Injr.���.Many persons who ii.ive m'\er lieen  able lo save out of their \ery llinileil  Income*-, wlien ihey liud lhat a'ceitaiu  niiKiiiiil of nicuiey is due lo them mini  the co-operative society us tlieir propoi*  tlon of "prolit on lhelr trading, are Invalid  aware for tho llrst time of au easy  method of saving and accumulating cal  ital. in a well managed society they  pay no more lor llieir goods than they  would to an ordinary trader, and yet  they find themselves al^the and of thu  quarter in possession of sucli a sum of  money which. has been gained for them  by. this system of co-operative trading  The most thoughtful among co-operators, who for the Iirst time find themselves, in possession of this dividend,7 resolve nt once, to save and accumulate  their profits. Tliere are many instances  of co-operators., heads of large families,  who have never paid into tlieir societies  more .than the Is. required: as an entrance (ee, wlio have allowed thcir profits to accumulate until they have ���now  JtaOU. iuvusleil as capital in thcir soci-  ties.. .  a.' Increase of comforts and luxuries  of life."���lt will be noticed that- the total .'profits made by the co-operative societies aniount to x.100,000,000;:. and  'thai, uhout X27,000,000 .remains-; invested iu tiie societies. This means that  XTtf.OOO.OOO luis been distributed among  co-operative members. It1 is - imiios-  siblc lo estimate whlit,-tliis distribution  of JuTli.OOO,000 means in the homes of  working men���a high standard: of life,  better, houses, better furniture, . luqre  food, bettor clothing, greater leisure,  and more culture.  ���L Pure and unadulterated';".* goods.  ���Another great advantage, obtained by  the working class througl*. the instrumentality of., eo-opertitiou is .that of being able to obtain pure and uiuululter-  at'ed articles of food. "In the days when  co-operation was '-commenced, Ihis advantage was even more 'apparent: than  now,7,as iieople /hail then often to -pay  very dearly: for; very bad and unwholesome food. At the present time, when  'tho., laws against adulteration arc: more  strictly, enforced, .we find: 'numerous- instances, especially:in poor, districts, -.���-'of  traders being prosecuted -and * fined for  selling impure goods.; In, a, co-oporativo  society: there is 'no .inducement ito fraud  of this.; kind, because all the profits go  to the:members, niid tliey- would not uo  so-foolish as/to charge themselves dearly  for bad 'goods; siinply in; oriler to malte;  a larger -profit return ...to'1 themselves.  ,':.*':, S'l'UKNUOU^ TOWNS.;. " - f ;  in Nelson and Kossland much[���-. atten-  tiou'ia being, paid to postal' matters at  present. A nioyenicnt is'o.n foot at Koss-  la-nd'to have the status. * of/ ,f the local,  postoHice raised from tliat of;a "coun-.  \try olT ice" to that of a gbverninent office tinder7 the direct control: of the gen-'  enil: postpilice deiuirtnienti- Tlie returns,  of postal revenues,for liritish'Columbia  plii.ee: Nelson third on;, the list of, cities,  with' $10,883. ot .receipts,;. as . against  550,172 for Victoria,V'and ��57,300 Tor  Vancouver. Hossland7 follows.'.'with re-  ceiptsvof *$i0,3Sl.; "������*':":.:      Ay' '.Ay  .'-��� MAICKA MOTION AT-���IHE NEXT  MEETING OF YOUR: UNION TO INSTRUCT THE SECRTARY TO COMMUNICATE THE NEWS. CONCERN-.  ING :YOUU CRAFT ,T0.VtHE INDEPENDENT. : ; ..���:"������ r    ���       ���  Pacific Bottling  :Ayyyork&yy  Imjiorters and Bottlers  i i GORE AVE;;',PHONE 783.��/;'!;  ���'li'i'ji" .. S0LE'AGENT8.;,;i:,-7-;;:V::V  a*. Js a silent salesman  '���:��� constantly going about  ::���' the city disposing of our  Pasteurized and |  <?.  |*   ^Listen to  his   advice  t aiid order from  | InternationaS See  I "and Storage: Co;;;  '4, Phone 415. Gore Ayeniie.  ��H&tx��mH9^&;!Wi9%9W9  ei  j.Tlio linllottis the only weapon with  whicli.we can fight capital. ''  :'l'o use tliat weapon intelligently '-'wc  miist know something'aboutj the industrial evolution.   ',.-.,''���'���.���  Head   Collectivism.     Cloth,7    50 cents;  irnper,  23 cents...  1   ����� ���'.',' ���V.'^.!-' "-"'yi .>.��  530 Westminster Avenue.  SNlKER'S SS1��E.'ST0SE  ���.   632:. GRANVILLE    STREET,     V .  ,   Carries a tullllne of       . ; '������.'���  UNION LABEL SHOES.  . The' Union; Label   guarantees .fair  wages and good workmanship.'..  No scab labor, ���:":  *CORNF.li  HASTINGS   AND, ���'. CAMBIE  ' STREETS-, .VANCOUVER.  '  . Now, modern and strictly'- first-class;  good .sample rooms; free7-, 'bus. "Week,  days���Breakfast 7, to 10-a. in-, '���'.'���.uhch  12 m:;-,tb'-2 p;.m., .dinner; ,6 tO:8*p. in.7  Sundays���llrcakfnst.7:30 to. -10:30 Va*  m:, liincli7.12:30, tb.2;.p: in., dinner, 5:301  to 7:30 p.. m...Rates ?2 and upwards  per ;day. HAYWOOD * & PRESCOTT,;  Proprietors.;. :. :-:..     -;'...���  Tbe  310-312  ABBOTT: STREET,   VANCOU-  :VSiVVV. vV.-'VYek,V n-'VcV 'V        VV'^. ���  Restaurant and, Bar. '���;.;' Wrealcfast fi'; 'to,  10, Vmcrchants' lunch 11 to ,2, :25c; dinner 5.to 8, 25c; lunches put u|i: eastern : and Olympian , oysters;- short ' orders : a.' specialty, at ' all .hours;  meal tickets S*l; best :25c. meal,in ..tho  city.V'D. BURTON; Proprietor.'Ji,.;'i  ThcT  310. SEY HOUR. STREET,  ''Aii'iiJi' y.yy VER.; ''���':  r-VANCOU-  I-Iaving the only up-to-date grill room  in:Bri��ish Columbia; which'in itself is a  guarantee of ii first-class hotel and restaurant.:. Business lien's LUNCH,: from  12 m. to 2:30 p. m., only 25 cents. ..:���  ���������'- /.-:���������:������   ���-:������- '������ ������������������ - -.,'���:  NOTICE.  ^NOTICEIS^raREBY-aiVKNr.tliJit^-TippllciK  tlon will be mnde tn the i'urliamont of Ciiiuidii,  nt the next Bitting thereof, forim Act lncoponi-  ting u Compnny, under.the name of 'the "Vancouver find Const Kootenay Hull wny Cotnpnny,"  to construct Mid'operate �� linn of Knilwiiv,  from ii nolnt at or near the City of Vancouver;  tnencesoulh easterly to tho City of New Westminster and across the Fraser Kiver; thence  easterly by the most feasible route, lo n point  at or near Midway, in the Iloundary Creek  District; frnm a pointun the main lino of the  railway south ofthe Truer, toiinointiitoriiear  the mouth of.the Fraser lllver; from a point on  the mainline east of Hope, to a point at or near  Nicola Lake; and from a point on thn mainline  of tho railway at nr near the Cily of Vancouver,  northerly across Burrard Inlet, at the most  feasible point, lo North Vancouver Jluulclpiili-  iv, thence westerly to a point at or near tho  mouth o! the Cnpllaiio Creek, ' ' -���-.  WITH I'OWKIt to construct Vnd operate  branch lines, from any point on the mainline  of the proposed railway or branches thereof,  not exceeding In any one ease thirty (IW) miles  in length; and with power to construct,owu  unci operate wharves, docks, elevators and  warehouses In connection thorewitli; and to  construct, own, ami operate steam: and other  vessels, on any navigable waters; and with  powi*r to construct, own, maintain, and operate  a suitable lerry, from the most convenient  point on thu Mainland of British Columbia, to thc most convenient point  on Vancouver Island, lo as to make connection with tho City ol Victoria, or to  connect thorewitli by the same; to construct,  operate and maintain telcgruph and telephone  lines, along tho route of the proposed railway  or Its branches, and to transmit messages for  commercial purposes, and to collect tolls therefor, to goneratc electricity for power and  lighting purposes, and for all rights, powers  and provik'ges necessary usual, or Incidental  to all or any of thc aforesaid purposes. ; ���*..'  , Dated at Vancouver, this 1st day of October,  A.D.1902. '."���-;'.::;.::���,;���' :'yyy-y-ryy ,-.,,.��� ���  -,���:'.'."'-'.* D. G. MACDONELL, -'���  ���Solicitor for Applicant!.  �����9W^9m&9%i9'A!9)imi9%9&9 ���*^c*X-^->,:..*;.-*H^^}K*^*  I A FREE TRIP TO  i  T; Raplh's groat guossing contest is  now  on.    Tho person  who- guesses  ��      tha nearest to the number of beans in tho bottle in our window gets a  7ji     RETURN TRIP TICKET TO   NEW YORK.  .&  rt:  $  'i  ONE GUESS FOR EVERY DOLLAR YOU  N . -    SPEND HERE.  Buy your heating stovo hero and then guess away.  i�� RALPH, 126 Hastings St.  h  $   #  :!**-i{**K*;i{**|{*}|;*;K4H..*H-*;,-^  SOLK AGENT  Although It's onr business to remind you of your Clothing needs, yot we think  tho atmosphere of last night and tills morning helped us out a.bit* in that respect.  An Overcoat is particularly appropriate just now. -;0'f'courfce yoii know, this  house sells everything In .Overcoats that Is worth selling... V Our'Overiniutii aro  conspicuous for their newest Ideas, lhe nobbiest styles, tho choicest niateriais, the  best tailoring, and the fai resl of prices. ' V :'.V,VV ���:���'/".���  *, KERJF����! i* C@.  10+ and 106 Cordova Street.    :  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., 0|i(i. Wm. Koch's.  2fSS.V  m  ...    UCJ^e?:'  We have now in stock a-tulllln.e of,  the best Heating Stoves-in the-mark���t.',-.V  arid have made 'a,: very low,:.price   on: tliem toclear Iliem oiit ina hui*ry.r:: .. ��� :!  COAL BASE BURNERS, COAL, HOT DRAFTS, -WOOD  I-IOIVDRAPTS,:   -  PLAIN AIR TIGHTS, CAST TOP AIR; TIGHTS, ETC., ETC.        '."���-'V;  I  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver. R.C.  Phone 1063.:  iSff^CS  ffl  WHOLESALE. GROCEKM,  Cordova ancl;Water Streets,   -   Vancouver^ BiO-  Jjortcd Cigars ^and Smoking Sundries;  ���M*:<^^;K*a^*:^-*S.*;^^^  ; f AR^SEVEKAt VVREAS��N&.  |vVC0XTI!ACT01IS'iSUiTIili,:;  -I:  ^vvIiPP'. SUPPLIES,- Xi  Ttt^W  9 aMu  |"7!.AW;'llL!i'!.i]PPL!i;7;ErC.f  .-;Becatisef"tve ".HayeiMtlie ,;,stocIc to.:  A yi supply youlihie bcst.yi.X]-;.y iyy  ..Because our'attentldniwIlKassuro:  -7; V-:best service.'X:iyi:"''xKAX'yi :':'7V^^;'  BecauseiweXcan ;save' you; timeV- Jt..'V-V  ^andnmoney^1;;.:?*"?^7-'7::"^7'7''-: ���'���yJjiifcyA  ������ * .ryi. ���:'���:,-������i--.:y '.���:������:������ i--X'A:i.Jy X&'i: ���-/������  Because one order Is. a step -to--; 4ay:.  wards a permanent customer.'AA'&x i '���  ��� .  ������::--., .i: .   .:, .   '.���::���:','' ":::':, y A , -:.   -��� " - SVffi:  -I,,.-.,  ���' *  ::.-  --;���:-   '������ :."."������:. ���*...--.*-.���.. ,'.,v:-,,**,;-, .; :, ,....,��� .yi:. :...,   , -���S'.VVV^VVJ  �����:V.VV;:V:';VV;;-V'V.*7'iV'V7.339  IV .:-   '"���:''i*. .....     .  ���   -;,-iy:.y:,  y...-:, ��� .,-..���=��.     '.���*...���    ...-.-:���, -.������.-..,;    .'���.���'������-:-.������������:.:'������-   '���'!.* -.I'-.Sjf.;-:   ���  ;txi  ���&^��^������  The Great f amity Bcer^ V  I ^V:V If your dealer.Hasu,t;:got;it,:TelephpneV4-2-9i  X iK[ :Bdzen7' Quarts v $2.00.".v;;'V XX'?i:X  '%xxx:iXyiXiiyyyyyy^s^^  ����������������������������)������������������d����^  JUST FOR A  ;TRIAL ORDER ;  ������mako up a7 dozen or'two .of;.'.'  ..*. rJPLAT  GOOr.S"   an'.  allow     us  :/io'laundor them.  Ay  XVe will send for then, and send  : thora homo  beautifully  dono up.  XXX'' The��� Cost'isV^vvVV'  ; Xii Only 24c a dozii  , You must1 be fair arid innil-,us  �� lair proportion ot largo and  small pieces���towels, : pillowslips,  sheets, ^bedspreads, dusters and  tuch llkh goods���goods that, can  bo put through the mangle. *:  Steam Laaodry  ' 910-014;Richards Street. Tel.siG  K.    '-.-'-'Branch oHlto'in''Arciulo'*'���','  V'7VVV:V;-V-':?'..'rToi;:''U70.:.':,:','7''  Advertise, in The, Independent.


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