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The Independent Oct 11, 1902

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 25S3KS32H  r ieBi��i��-uve Ltbr"r.!  Mar. ��l��*  B  I  THE  ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA  . . SAVINGS   BANK . .  '    Ul General Banking Business          Transacted.  OFFICHS-^Hastings  Street,  W.,  ffftatmlsater Avenue, Vancouver.  B. C. PERMANENT LOAN m  SAVINCS CO.  Authorized Capital  Subscribed Capital -  Atsum Over -    -   -  {10,000,000  - l.fiOO.OOO  - soo.ooo  m  m  1  Head Oifloo. 321 Ciemblo Street,  Vancouvor, H, u.  VOL. 6.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1902.  ���OX 3.  Presidents Roosevelt and Mitchell  -And the Mine Operators at Washington���At the Conference  the Presidents Bore Insult and Abuse Unequalled in  History from the Great Corporation Bosses  Who Were Arrogant and Digust-  ing���Miners'  Demands.  The   attempt    ot President Roosevelt I ing  thcir grips  in   thcir  hands.      Thoy  last Friday ut Washington, D. C, to  Shring about a settlement of tho grent  IPennsylvannia coal strike by\ means of  axoral sausibn has failed, thunks to the  stubbornness and minor of tlie man-  icgers of tho great corporations. ? Hut  ithis is1 not tha and. rrcsident Roosc-  ,-vclt is now preparing to try something  imoro drastic and practical. In sonic  Manner tho power of the government is  ���to bp invoked by him. Precisely what  method will bo adopted hasrnot as yet  Jbe'cn ."determined.  President Roosevelt is himself thoroughly disgusted with the action anil  .spirit of tho representatives of the corporations, and equally well pleased with  ���the moderation and conciliatory tactics  *if President Mitchell of tho miners' un-  iSon. ,  What; Happened.  In sum and substance this is what  ,-:happcned at tho conference:  1. President Roosovclt road to the  conference lus appeal for peace in behalf  ��t tho public.  2.'President Mitchell on' behalf of tho  .miners responded with a proposal that  thc men would go back to work at onco  ��nd leave the question of new wages to  .President Roosevelt and a commission  to bo appointed by Imn, asking only  _ that tlie representatives of tlio mining  corporations also bind themselves to accept the verdict.  3. This wns scornfully rejected by all  tho corporation managers, each of whom'  i,  tlcclurcd that he would havo nothing to  <lo with any proposition emanating frofu  John Mitchell  or tho miners' union.  4. Tiio only semblance of a proposition made by the lailway presidents  ,-wus that tho miners first return - to  work and then us individuals, not, as  an organization, piesent ) their' 'grievances to the nuno bosses. If the mlnu  bosses could not neljust' thein then the  companies woulel agree to huve them referred tp the judges of the common  plcus courts. Hut in no case was thetc  to be any business dealings with the  .-union. . _    ... -   -  5. Then tho railway presidents made  a. violent pcrsonul attuck upon Picsieli'iit  Mitchell and the Mine Workers' Union,  charging them with complicity in disoi-  ��Icr,;and .murder"in ;tlio coal region.  0. Tho railway presidents also turned  ��n President Roosevelt' and-:' demanded  f)I him that lip send federal troops to  thc unthruule field, couching their demand in language which President  Roosevelt himself lescntcd as liupcrti-  "jieut and offensive.  Nothing More Dramatic  ' than  last  Friday's    conference    can  be  > found,-, in','tho     annals   of   the   United  1    States.    The" foregoing concise and matter-of-fact; statement   of  tlio  proceedings  gives but faint hint of'tho drama which  '���' was. enacted in the scconeKstorey front-  room of the  tempoiary     White    House.  ���Thc-procecelings-of- tho-conference,- dispatches say,   was   us  thrilling  as .   any  novel.    Even  tho verbatim report, taken  by  Mr.   Ilurncs,   tho   president's   stanog-  j-nphcr, fails to give tlio play of passion  and  pride,    malice  ; and ,vliidictivonoss,  loiuposuru  ami     self-control    amounting  almost ��� to  moral  heroism  which  is one  or another factors. -which > marked ' the  proceedings.:   The  sequel  proves      that  John   Mitchell,   tho   110-year-old  Illinois  . miner boy, uneducated, poor   and hum-  lilc,  was  moro  than a match  as gentle-  siiuir or  as   leader   or   as   strategist) for  anyono of his povverlul  antagonists,  llo  outshone  them  all  in  all  respects,   and  -. .won  tho: plaudits  of: overy  public  man  .-who  attended   the  conference     or    who  - TKoa informed .of. the details of, tlio session.   , President Itoosovclt  wus  himself  jlelfghtcd at tho actions of Mitchell.  They   Arrive,  Tho railway presidents wont to Washington   in    a gorgeous     special    tram,  Whilo thero  they lived  in private cars.  TThey drovo     to and    from    tho   Whito  Houso in carriages.  John Mitchell and his lloutenants arrived ln tho smoking car of a night  train. They walked down Pennsylvania  javenuo to a cheap but tidy hotel carry-  rode to  tho Whito House in the 'street  cars.  But when tho truo test of manhood,  of patriotism and of faithful- discharge  of their trusteeship came on in tlio presence of the president and all tho people  of the -United..States, it .was: the man  of tho pick and shovel,- not tho hlgh-  .salaried', corporation manager,' wlio : carried away tho honors.  Beforo tho : President,  In tho first placo Mr. Mitcholl placed  immediately beforo tho president his  simple;, plain, unconditional' proposal for  arbitration. He responded to the president's appeal for uction with'u pioposull  to uct., ,lf the coal famine must bo re-  liovcel ho. offered; tho means of-relieving  it.  Witiiout making charges against his  antagonists, without any attempt to  confuso tho issue, but driving straight  to/tlie1 heart: of tho question, in . which  thoTpooplo aro1 so , vitally interested, he  offered arbitration.  The icply of tho railway presidents  to this proposal of fair and amicable  .settlement was a scornful rejection, a  refusal -to have anything to: do with the  man who Otlcicel it, personal abuse of  him, and a counter-proposition whicli  President Roosevelt declined seriously  to entertain because manifestly it was  not offered in good faith, but as a device to confuse thc situation and render  the .conference abortive.  Piesident Roosevelt and c\cry one of  his advisers thinks this proposition of  thu. miners nu eminently fair ono. Thoy  all-think it a proposition which should  have been accepted. They-havo no hesitation in saying that the onus of lc-  fusal, of failure to take a singlo step  toward pcaco when an honorablo peace  vvas proffcicd, must "rest upon thc heads  of   tho  railwav   picsidciits. "  Ariogant an'd Pisgustitig. ,  One of the picsielent's advisers, who  wns present dining thc conference, said.  "Morc^ama^ing effrontery I have never  seen come from mortal man. The railway managers wero arrogant and dis-  gusting. vMoro than once I feared tliat  President Roosevelt would losoihis temper and give them tho reproof they well  merited. But ho kept himself admn-  ably in hand, despite tlie great pravo  cation. The most marvelous display of  self-control I havo/ovor: seen was'that of  President Mitchell. Ho bore insult and  abuso without a-word of angry response. Dis black eyes flashed fire, but  ho boro tho ordeal as became the occasion and a gentleman. Tha contrust  between him and his opponents was  most strikmg. Ho won the admiration  of eveiy one us a man of poiso and balance." v  Miners': Demands.  , Piesident   Mitchell   made   a   statement  for publication  at  tho beginning of the  week-in .which ho reiterated:  "Since the very inception of tho strike  Qf truth than the usscrtlon of tlie operators that the Mlno Workers' union Is  a lawless : organization. During tlio  past twenty weeks tlie whole power of  tho union has been exerted to preserve  tho peace among a voluntarily idle population of threo quarters of a million,  and it is a tribute to tho activity of  our oillcers and tho loyalty and soll-  rcstrulnt of our members that wc have  boon liioro successful In allaying violence  thun thocoulund iron polico iii: inciting  It. In tnis strike it lias been Qluniied by  enemies of tho union, tliat men wcic  prevented from going to work [through  fear of bodily, harm und it was confidently predicted tliat tho moment the  militia came tho striko vvouid, resolve  itself into a .stampede. .Tho militia has  been in Shenandoah for moie than eight  weeks unel still, for lack of:mine workers, hot a pound of coal has been produced in; that vicinity.  "Reverting to the demands of the  miners for incieased wages and improved environments, Mr.'Buor claims  that he cannot possibly pay an increase  in wages that would amount to 10 ui 15  tents per ton to the mineis, but lu- nud  thc allied presidents admit tliat they  cnu nfToiel to sacrifice, tcnipoiunlv, a  large market anil lose millions oi clol-  lats inlher than pay this increase. Nevertheless, without advancing the uniieis'  wages one cent; the operators iliil raise  tho-markot prico last year from thirty  to fifty cents per ton, and at tho pies-  HOW SHOULD WE TAX?  (lly W. A. Douglas, II. A., for The, Independent.) ,  It Ih a marvelous thing how long it  taken the public to become acquainted  with certain simple economic truths. Ono  iluy I roilu soma miles along an astute  lir Manitoba, seventy thousand acres In  extent, about twenty miles long ...��� anil  five, miles wido. As wo traversed that  land on one ot the most lovaly mornings 1 e*ver saw, my companion called  iny attention to thu ubtimlunce of the  grass where hundreds of buffalo used to  graze;', but at thut time" the land wus  lying idle. By raising nothing on that,  land the owner thereof, expected to gain  a fortune. That was using lund foi  extortion. On that , suiiiu, journey . I  saw hundreds of thousands of acres  covered witli crops of wheat as fine' as  eyes could ga/a on. That was using  luiid Tor production.  lleiween pioduction and extoition  theio is au essential elilTcience. il tlio  latter sticceeels tlio former must so fai  tail. Which of those two processes  sliould receive the encouragement of lhe  government���tho extortion or the production" Can the render have the  slightest; hesitation in answer to that  question? .., Could wc possibly imagine  any body of men doliboiating aid ,!c  ciding  to pass  an   act to  the  following  "nt���'���timo "jMr.. Baer ;oid;his':felip:w presi-: effect: ���..:, "I.et it bo enacted1 .that.'.in case  dents are forcing-, the public: te). pay frbm {any man puts his land to-the best use,  six;tp tan dollars excess ;upon":a ton in j ruisos ���crops,1; erects ".buildingsVor ihV any  order to., save this; same, public';'ten '"'-'- '-  'fifteen, cents':.-' :���iXiil...,;V-V'";:."'7'-:���' i- '  : ���'., y:";- -.: ��� 'Ai".'. ?1.0i: per Day.V: A A, .J [y  ..:';Mr.-Baor.claims,'the average pay per  'working day; iii: his'inine is- Si'.8'J. ;;Ail-  iiiitting,; for tlie';; sake of, argument, ; -. the  correctness ,"of- Ills figure ,.:'.this'i; would  makc/tupon ;,:.the;avcraga.:::.:riuiiiber :::'of.  working, days in i��)6i, a grand'aiiiuiul to-'  tul of $UGS:. per   eniplbvce, or diiv: average  .-������:,.������':������   ���,:���:������    <i: ���.���-���,-:  ���        ���.'-.'������!'-'������   ���������'*���/-/  of ?7.05;por; week.,; Thus as 'a'resultrof  the strenuously;; opposed .andV bitterly sre-  grettcelr.ael vance, .vvrung' froni tlio operators by tho'strike of .'1900, Tthe.average  adult:.eniploycc of tlie l_oadi]Vg':;Coal and  Iron;.-.company -is- permitted tb^penei'.up-  .'pnV;^iiIni'soifj''aii_d';;w  inuhificeiit;Vsuiii;';of Si;oi '-pcr:;duy.f;-_, V V  the aims, objects and ideals of tho United Mina Workers of AmericaVha:v6 boon  woefully distoiteel by a .small army of  critics, ,Wo have been unjustly maligned  unel our motives und purposes maliciously impugned. We, theiefore, take tins  opportunity to repeat specifically that  wo do not seek to interfere with tho iua.ii-  agemunt; of : tho coal properties or tho  proper discljilliio of the working force,  but we do demand:  "Pirstr-An increase of wages for man  employed on plcco  work,  "Second���A reduction in tlie hours, of  lalior for men omployeel by.the dny.  "Thirel���.Pnyiiient, for. a legal ton of  coal.  "Fourth���That the coal wo, mine shall  ho Honestly weighed and correctly re-  corelcei.  "I'"lfth���Wo favor incorporating In tho  form of an .agreement tlio wages that  sliiill be ��� paid nnd the conelitions of employment that shall obtain for a specific period.  "As to, the .rcasoiiuhleness of these do-  mhnds. wo hnvo proposed-'to submit -ito  and abldo by tho award of any impartial board of arbitration.  'Not Lawless.  ���  "Thoro could be no greater perversion  X';7 7THlil: EABOliVPAPKIt'S VWOKK;-: :;.  :: Tho 'labor .'paper ^.do'es":not'*,unfailirigly  ru'n';;aIong.;tlie smooth' greased groove of  success, Jappiaudeiir by ���". its friends ^Vand  respected by;its:;oppbnchi;s.:. As'a;bus-  :iiiiiss^propositionvit.'cloes'.: not 'pajr'':.'pu't-'  ' ragcous'..diyidcn'iis: qh watercel stock iiml  put;,unseemly /surpluses:;to rest aeicbuiit.'  ;Jn" times 7:.of;.;trouble .it, ... is turned;;:; to  readily, fund to its:.hbno>" it niay.be said  thero ;is .seldbhi;..7 tho'':;; slightest:':;doubt  amoiig tho^workers;;but that, it."/wlli-be  triioi.to; tlieir:. interests., ; Its ovvii:;finau-  cidl ��� interests .often:; lay, along the; opposite .route, to"; that'/whicli its : principles'  dictato/as' the right; one! to take;:'OcOa-  tionally.v wlien soine ; signal success'Vhas  bee n'achieved, ��� it' is''the': recipient'* of :.the  good words aiid'vvislies that ure'its hon-^:  est duo,-butjiiioro', frequently.it "provides  prbfit":only, for a'phiiosophic luind.iStill  tho'^men vvho,; are'behind thoni;: caii ��� seo'  tlio work .that .is :beiiig.:'dono 'by.tho in-,  bor, papei's,.fund;iii.tliis; there; is the reiil  conscious.-'sutisfuction. ;.: At the .present  tiruo: tho-inlluence,'and initiation of .the  labor, pap'ers;of. the1 tj-nited States,1 more  purticulurly .'of: thoV'sout'liern states," is  'seen ::in: tho: aroused'conscience. ' of;; tiio  people in "tlio iniitter. bf the fearful -child  slavery, iii'tho cotton'mills in a.'numbcr  of those states. ..Thirty-live yours : ago  thcVo woro only ,!. 8,01)0,000 invested in  toxtilo(inaiiufactunng2injLtha_.sou_tli_^  71uy"!"tir��r"aiiiouu~t"iins"roacheil S175.000,-  000. Tliis iticrcuso has not been a natural legitimate.one.1. It has accrueel by  reason of a wiiicsprcad moveiiieut of  trauspluntiiig...factories from the north-  cm states, ln theso lutlci stales theie  nre: factory, laws land some puur ntlciupy  to protect the children from the,clutches*  ol coiniuciciul gieeel, nud uls,, a public opinion that could bu'nroeiscd lei  ubutc scuiiiltils. In the soulli this iiuh-  llc sentiment, tho mill owners calculated, did , not exist to the snine extent  And thc> weie light, lor i'n lust successful inovo ;wus to uccoiiiplLsh tliu repeal of luu's lCStlictlllg chili! luluii.  Altibaiiiu only rctuins uu nge Liinil, uud  thut forbids tlio employment of chllelivii  In mines until thoy aru 10 yours of  nge. For somo few yours nmv the con-  ililiini of iillalrs has been ifioevliig ilos-  perute, till iii soma places whole families,'of cliitelreii, from tlie suiiillest of six  or boven yeuis, uti to ihu biuiyei one's,  are in tho mills unel the puri'tits slm-  l>ly loafers, it is worse'thnn tlio black  slavery, foVthut did not licur hnrd .. upoii  tho chilelieii. The whito slavery of to-eiiiy  in the south is a slaveiy of ehlleln'n. It  was this condition of affairs Unit thu labor papers set out to o\p(��M' and ele-  inaiiel leelioss. I'or a long lime the ag-  Itution did not attract much uttonMon,  biit nt last it made its murk, iind tlio  shame of these states is fast becoming  a national question. May a merciful  Providence favor ���' the agitation.���Tho  Voico.  other way, ..than' shall tlio same party  be; punished by having 'his -taxes7, '. in-  creaseel fpr,;; every improvement. ,: Tho  -b��tter.;.a man; does: for"the country the  .worse shall tho country.1- do for:him."But  .in'.cdse fii. mail- will keep hisViand, idle,  not work: thereon,' orfcallbw: anyone else  to do so, then siuill he receive every on-  coiirngcmcnt, by. having: his Haxcs: kept  ibw;'';; What7 would,"tlie world think; of  legislation such as';Uiat? .Coiiid; wo ini-  agine 'tlie'1' inoststu jiid of tliij'people7, ever  passing such a measure.;,-And yet7 such,  is. tlieactual. lavy; of most of the .countries1 of tho, vvorlel.;,; And worse ;:than  tliat;. thatjs tho law -that .liiost.'of; the  learned .professors, in ;thb;:"unlversitfertt5Ts  prove.:1'7;:1-;-:;::7;7-:; :���.''���;;: i":;x':A AlAy';:  1 Between ;'a '-hiUVand::a:val]eyi even^ ::a  chilli ' can v.:distinguish. 'No one 'r'evbr  thinks ; o/ "cbiifbuneliiigi a ; post: with.��� tliel  hole/in which^it 'is :<to bo placed.; :';:Bii't:|  whein wo1 come: te. .economic science "poo-,  pic; arc; continually'1;.':making ;just :: siich  blunders.; In. a;city,itliousands';'of,,:.:;busy  workers:,, strive by ovory possible unctlibd  : to multiplyIiouses,: furniture, ; machinery,  boots,' clothing and otlier:-, 'Commodities  too?, nuhierous ���-: .'to, Vinontion; '���;���.��� .'.Tho  eft'brtbf: labor Js invariably to multiply,  But - as-population, increases oii any., giv-;  eii ;area; of ;land,,'tlie popple;must; eliyide  '..liiiil'". subdiviilq ', that ��� lund:-;'Aly WiiercPtHo  first faniiiy hnti:a:thousand a'ci-es in.!thb;  city,.of' Now,.;York,V tliere aro'a thousand  people on: a.,; single - acre.; Wlio : oyer  hoard; of: any land speculator" converting  one aero.into,twenty acres as the.farni-,  or conycrts';..bno bushel'-. of seed: ? into:,  .twenty: bushels in .'the crop?���;') There:;is  ���no.Vnorb: similarity between: the-multipli-  ^cation. of. goods and "the. division 'of'land  than there is between ;a debit 'aiid:1; a  croelit, a .numerator and u, denomihator;  a liability and 'an assot.'and yet our.  lavvs continually confound these two  tilings. , The " increasedV 'value of'-'- the  buildings is an indication; of their.greater abundance, whilo the -increased-.valuo  of the Junil._ls_ nn  Indicatibn^of.its scar  of tho lanel? Buildings, clothing, crops,  etc., aro tho product of Individual energy. But who can namo tlio purtlculur  Individual to whom tlio valuo of tlie  land is duo. Is it not as cleur as uny-  thlng In this world can bo clear, tliat  tho vuluo of the lund is duo to the  presence of tho community?  This distinction betw eon the vuluo duo  to tlio indlviduul and tlio vuluo duo to  the piusoncc of the community is ono of  tliu most impbrtunt in our social relationships, but it ls one tlmt tho legislatures of the diirorent nations have so  fur failed to  recognize.  Tha question of tmiisccudent impoil-  unca ut tlie present dny is the pioper  ownership of theso two values.; To  whom should belong thu value of the  goods und lo whom bhould belong the  value ot tlio land/ Tho question looks  veiy simple and aiound that queiy  theio is likely to be ono of the most intense discussions tlie woild has evor  seen. ; Should vvo allovv thb valuo of the  land to bo appropriated by individuals  us it has in tlio past? If wo do, what  must be the consequences? A iiundred  years ugo John Jacob Astor could ex-  toit fiom the occupants somewhere  about live dollars per acre. With every  niciense of the population he could demand moie until today he can collect  not less than fifty thousand dollars per  acie yearly. Hvery time tho citygiows  theie is an incieased tax bill for the  lndustiious portion of the peoplo'and  un ..increase, fortune' for the lund owners.  Tlit valuo oi tlie lund of that city increases liity millions'yeai ly. That matins  fifty millions mora to tho ownois of the  palaces nnd fiity millions moio obligation to the peoplo fii tho tenements unel  the slums.  That is tha altoct of our present method of taxation, it tamos one nian lei  the palace and it ciushas nnother mini  down to the pOoihousc  Cm there be nny question as to the  pioper souice of our tuxutioiW Tn\  lhe pioducts oi mdustiy anil on mdus-  uy wo place a double butden, suppoit  the gov ci nment und suppoit .in idle nris-  tociacy. Tux the pioducts oi lndustiy  and wo'inevitably vitiate society, splitting 't into two moustiosities, line with  weulth excessive beyond . all lationnl  wants und nnother living on thu fng-  end of a meagre existence,  llo not all those considerations demon-1  sti nte beyond the possibility of a  doubt the justice und necessity of pine-,  mg tlio taxes on the value of the lmiil  .uul religiously avoidm'g tlie luxation ol  ind'istiy'J '  SEATTLE NOTES.  city. Tne ono increase moans greater  wealth, thc other mantis grenter poverty  in lane!, lu assessing a city, wo add together tho value ' bf the laud-'with-'.the  valuo of tlio buildings : and thus mnke  ns grout u blunder ns would 'a nian  who woulil confound the post with the  post-hole.  If n inan puts up u building worth  teii ihousuiid dollnrs iu a small town  nnd then' the population of tliat town  grows until it becomes a groat conimci-  ilinl center, Ihu value of that building  vvill not liicrouso ono cent. The probability is Hint it will decline. Hut thu  value of the lund under Hint building  will Increase witli overy Increnso iii tho  population, In tlio yonr 1800 a mini  bought a building worth govcii hundicd  dollars on n lot worth three Iiundred.  The whole property cost him a tliou-  suiiel dollnrs. In tho your 1890 ho sold  that suiue properly for forty.' thou-  Minil eloll.us. The building had to he  removed. It hud. becoino, worthless; but  (.he value of the land - had multiplied  from tlireo hundred ���'to.:'forty 'thousand,  an incrcaso of moro than a hundred fold  iu foity yeais Cnn thore be any question ns to the difference of the souicoof  the value of that building and tho'valuo  7 AAyiy. solve: THE;question.;,/;7':.  -';';. Xp.u, sny thiit the, producer,; or worker,  should -get .tiie ; full, value ofV'the" .product "of his labor, y iiow do you -' 'propose;.' to obtain this? . . Wo answerVthnt  y��11 ."'V18?: at:nny - rate first become", or-,  ijanizeel,'. aSj.vvltlibut:. orgttnizntion;.'.'iibth-  ing:cau,be, dono.y; Then .the ::ciiiiiige;Vin  present conditions cbuiilbanihcle.-pai-tiy7  .by' -voluiitary nrraiigeineiit,' V partly ,; by  imrlinmentary coercion:: Parliamontiins  often;; interfered- to "protect; tho product'  ors': .against tho': cncroachiiiants.:of. labor  usurers,.:-:;l't;should;go further .aiid;'.faster.,Vin;. the; samo .directionV;. It':'!should  muiiicijializo' or. coiiimuualizeVV, tlie.. Viand  for,:the" benefit of .all^nbt? give Jt'avyuy.  to. big corpbratibns. 'fprVVtliemVto^Vnnkc  big 'profit but of; it.' -' Tiio,.: gas.Vvvbrks;  electricv lighting, etc., shouid. lib ; liiunici-  pailizecl,-: mines arid: railways .aud . tcie^  graphs should,bo nationalized, ns It iins  already n(itionalized_ tlio , postiil_sm'|ce^  The state is now practically ' carrier,  stock broker, blinker;' insurance agent,  aiid. school';���'..;, riiastor.-WVllbst Vof ��� tlicso  ciiaiiges vvouid, be'a big;improvoinenl-oil  our present: system. The people' "I; n'ro.  therefore, justified in asking.1'aiiy, gov-  c'l-nment to proceed, along theso lines  with more,1-iipidity than" heretofore. Ami  they will do it when the pooplo want  thorn to. If this much'could be uccoiu-  plishail thu solution of tho great ^question woulil bo 'practically '','seltlcci.  Uev.    W.   11. i tl.   'IVmpIo,   of, tho  Ply.  mouth   Congregational  church   o7     this  city, .In   u!,'sermon, recently   berutad   the  mon who belong    to      orKiinlwid   labor.  Ami  spoko  openly   in  favor   ,,of      Fryo  Ilruhn.  Theatres nro  eloiug, gooil business.  Burglars aro   woiking  overtimo.  In  Sputllc:  First  mun   (fiom Tacoma)  ���"Holloa, Hilly, 1  huve come clcun from  Tncoioa  to  sea you.     Am  glad  to  find  you."    Seattle mar..���"I am glael to set  ypu,  but you  aro  the fust  mun  I  evof  met vvho came  'clean' from Tucoma."  Sousa's   bund   played   to   big     house* '  hare Thursday night.  Three   union   men   havo   returned    to  work for Fryo .Tiruhn.  The butchois' strike is still on  An oil plant  is talked of for Seattle.  Tlio   Cl.inceys   nio  after  a  license    for  tha: lllako anel Kelson siiloon, known as  tho Gieenlight     Thi* is thu snloon where  a man  nameel  Booth - wns;; recently niur-  elerccl      P.   S ���They  have   secured   a license  Geo CJibbs. the pn/cfightei, who was  whipped by Tommy. Rcilly. last: week,  wus fined 513 00 m tlie polico court,  for iiusing ft lucket in Dluckchapel uftejl  tlio fight. ,  A into wni is promised by boats and  tiuin.   between  here  and Tacoma  Chief Sulhvnn is "boss-ox" of the police foice m reality now. A new ordinance passed by tho city council the  otlier night, gives him- the power to  iceluce a detective to the innks, or  rniso a patiolmim to detective. Ho  hns full contiol of all his men with full  powei to change men uiouutl(us he sees  lit In other woids Chief Sullivan is  "it" in Seattle's police oi^um/atioii.  Tlio jmy investigating, the death of  eleven mon killed m the explosion in  the1 Law son mine, Inst week, rendered a  verdict that their .deaths wero cuused  liy cnic'lessiiess oi ono of tho miners fip.  ing a shot without wniiaiily  A restuuiant ndveitises in the city  thusly "Come in nnd liy our meuls.  Two pnncukes, given away free with  'each breakfast " Ve gods' ���T��o pan-  cukes freo Think of it! Morulizo on  this decimation Such a burgnin, is  thut breakfast, whore one can gat two  pnncukes free Perhaps the.v will givo'  licit week, us - further inducement  for trade, u bit of New Orleans sor-  guni Oue cannot tell you know, what  will happen m tho Queen City.  "Duty money tnken for nice clean  smoke-," is a sign u cigar dealer has  Posted on thb fuco of his 910,000 mir-  roi.  Pnst and Second streets look like '  some back alleys wo havo seen. But  .Vou must know that Sonttlo is going to  place a few thousands of wire under  gio'iml, and this accounts for the streets .  looking as if a ejeione hus passed  along.  VALOII-UATT.  ;.'.'-; There, were j iriarrieil-,. on7, Tuesday ;-Ed,:  l-'alch.vprpprictbr of the'-'-itoyal  City ho-'".  tel.ijNew, Westmjnstei-i". audV Miss .'-Maud  Ilutt, ;:dnugIitor,;:of -'p'tHccr : Battj; also; of ;  Kew '.Westminster,;,-.-The -ceremony ',.'was  performed  at tlie;.'Graii(l,>.liu'tet,;;!;Vaii.cou-.:-  vor,   bycKov:; Mr.U;aicilclli,7V Ulius.;: Dur-  liuin': acting;  lis  gi-bbinsman,;,.tlio: iirido's  father giving her away.:; 'After .tha-.wed-',  ���ling:   breakfast    had ���; boon .,dispose'df:br,'..;  Ilio,. iiewlyrmnrrieel..': coupio: left' for':Seat-V  tle^aj^��lm^ou_i^i^ies_by^thej%in.pW  rntsT sriuicr. im a-o vkaus.  With a coiiipany of fishermen from  Dorchester, Knglnnil, the Kev. .lolin  Whito iu 1023 '.founded tiio. RlnsBiicliu-  rotts liny Colony on Cupe Ann! anil  for 271) years thero was nut the semblance of a labor strike. Hut now thi'  Fish Skinners* Union Iins struck: These  men skin nnd cut the suited "fish for  "boneless." About two-niontlis ngo  they nsked for hlghei wages. C'onfei-  onccswore fruitless, nnd every union  flsh skinner in the city w.iilkeel out;-. to  tho 'number.' of 700.  ing's    train.������������."Mr...   Palch :,wus ' nt:,ono  time grand secretnry  of tho fishermen's  union,    and     is     widely   and" .favorably:,  known .on. tiie const.    The,Independent..-  'along-; ,with ^.tlioi'r mniiy   friends  extends'  congratulations .to' Mr.'; anel   Mrs.  Falch. '  und wish   thein1 ii  bright nud  successful .  future.  James  Wllks,  on  retiring as secretary  of' the  Nelson   Mineis'   Union,   wns  pie-  santcd last week with a handsome gold   certainly  worthy  of grave    and serious  watch, chain and cliauu. consideration." ' J  1'IUl.M  SALMON-  AKM.  Touch,'.- Itvilinnn lias losigued, and  gone to llimid I'oil.s. jiisi M. Currlo  fills  the  vaciincy.  A lish tinp |ms heen put iu nt tho  mouth of the rivbr.  The woik of dii'flging the Salmon river was started inst Week.  l'nifperts for plenty of work during  the coining senson iiro not bright.  a nitKAT spnix'ir.  Messrs; A. O. Cowley nnd A. M. Gos-  -ell, ilelegntci to tha Dei Iin lubor convention fiom Winnipeg, bay of Ralph  Smith: "Wo feel wo ennnot close this  ii'poit without stating thnt Mr. Ralph'  Smith, M P., mode the oration of his  life when ho retired from the chair aN  tci Mr. Flett had been elected, and tha .  lessons   deducted   from   that, speech   aro  Am  ���r?feM ��� TyTTTV VV TTV'TTV'TTV V ���  O'Grady, thoiilghthuvvk. roused with  n start ns tho 'swiiiKlii.tr .lours of tlie  saloon woro Hung iiiitvvnril.  "Kob! , Kob, sorV" Anil ho soi/.oel tlio  dangling reins.  Tins inan looked critically at the  slinky velilolo nml tin? bony horso niul  , uttered nn Improcalioii ns ln> liirnoil to  tlio two other'men Issuing frnm tliu  salooii niul supporting between tlioui  ti third nml nnii'li younger ninn.  "Only thing In sight," lie iiiuriiinreil  viciously,   then   turned   to   O'Grady.  "Ciiii  that bag  of   bone's  travel  live  ' miles tonight?"  "Yls, sor." exelalineil tlio iiighthawk,  springing down und throwing open the  rickety iloor of the cab. "lie's betthor  tliln lie iooks: there's n bnpe av foight  ���in liini yit."  The cabman sized up the parly. Big  ���Dolton, the gambler, lie knew. Tlio two  men with the youtii he recognized as  . hungers on of the gambling resorts, always reaely for any sclieine. As for the  boy, ho was n handsome young fellow,  in spite of flushed faco and bloodshot  eyes;' mill the cut of bis evening suit  ami fur lined coat showed plainly  enough that he was a man of wealth.  "A foiuo lookin' Iml," -soliloquized  O'Grady, "an' a piitty penny It'll cost  him to see the town with Big Dolton  as guide."  As the boy was helped Into the cab  lie snid thickly: "Wliere are vve going?  I ilon't vvnnt to go homo yet���the  night's young. I'm not a kid, nor  drunk either."  ''Of course you're not drunk," an.  swered the gambler soothingly, "and if  you don't want to go home I'll take you  to a quiet little place whoro Wc can  liave a game of draw; no 'pereonlngo to  .the'bank or loaded ellee against you.".  "All riglil," answered the boy eagerly. ."Come, on; the money bA-.vns in  my pocket."  Waiting until the three were safely  within'' the cab.' the gambler in a low  : voice-gave O'CIriidy the directions.. _>  , After driving for nearly an hour the.4  address was reached. It vvas in a thinly populated part of the' city? and  O'Grady turned into a street biit recently thrown1 open. , Fumbling in his  pocket, the gambler drew forth a roll  ..of .bills, from wliich lie 'extracted a V,  remarking, carelessly as he did so:  ���"There's your fare.   That's all."  '.,.' "Hold .on," said tiie. boy,-impulsively  ins iio. reached' the sidewalk, and Pat  noticed Hint ids voice vvas clearer, anil  firmer.    "Vour horse  must lie pretty  .well winded. I.et me add this." And  lie slipped another bill into Put's hand.  -'As his fares disappeared  Pat lit-, n  j. match and discovered that the young  man's tip 'had been a  ten dollar bill.  -He jumped on to the box nnd started  t .cheerily down the street; then, with a  sudden impulse, lie pulled Hilly almost  ���''to his iiaifi.C'lies. ."���;'.":'... '--..-}���'  "V"PhwhatWull.that black haired divil  V lie aftlier iloin' to the,,lad?", he murmured. "He give nie' tin dollars, an'.  Oiil. iiot lave him. ihere to be mill'-  thercel.most loikely."     ��� ���'.'������'  Covering his patient horso, ho stole  hack to the .'house, which'he recognized  as the. one roomed sbn nty used by the  ; contractor for air ollice when the street  .was.being graded. Lights burned within, aiid Pat caught the; murmur, of  voices, but something ..Und been .hung,  over the windows, and twice he niade  the.circuit bf the bouse before he determined on a line of action.  .'.."Llovviy  St.   Patrick,  but  phvvat  a  Vsbpot to bring n young b'y. The sons  av dlvils "liiolght cut his throat, an'  he'd not be found in the; month.  ;; VPat: was. studying, the. ridgepole. A  , low shed.: or: lean-to. reached from n  V point, within Vn few feet of the ground  : to the eaves of the shanty, and near.  the ridgepole'was a square, dark spot.  V:\Y.itli a prayer to (be Virgin and every  . Biiint lie could recall. Pat drew himself  up to this dark square, n 'window  frame guiltless of glass. A minute  later he was craw ling, sniikelike, over  ;   tho rafters of the attic toward a gleam  ��-.of light. '; -.-:���;  ��� ���A Keaehlng the  light,  he drew  back  ^Biitltloiily4for-li0-fouiid.hiins_elf_loo.kin  glittered as ho spoke. ��������� "Don't use such  ugly words. These men are gentlemen  and my friends. It's a show down,  nnd the best hnnd takes the pot. What  have! you got, Blowsor?"  The siool pigeon, his face flushed  with annoyance at his blunder, without n word laid live cnrels down before'  him���four aces and a queen.  "He's a swindler!" cried ihe hoy.  "By heaven, I believe you all are swindlers. The pot's mine, and I'll have  It:' And his right hand went down to  his liip pocket.  "Slop!" hissed tlie gambler, and the.  excited boy looked across the table  straight down Into the muzzle of n  choked revolver. "Put your .hands on  lhe table."  "I Won't!" .seri'iiiueil lhe boy.  Crash: A lienvy body shot ilovvn  through the battered ceiling mnld a  shower of plaster and broken inthe  siraight upon the broad neck and  shoulders of the gambler, smashing  his chair beneath hlni and hurling him  to the grbiiud. Out of the chaos ami  above the bang of the revolver, the bill-  let from which whizzed harmlessly  Into the floor. Van Elston heard a  strong Irish voice shout out toiilni:  "Kiver the illier iwospliulpeens, me  b'y! Ivape tliim kivered an" blow their  dirty heads off if they thry to move!  Oiil w-i-r-iing the neck av this miir-  therin' bla'guard, Oi wull!"  Van Elston. encouraged by the  friendly shout, leaped quickly backward, drew his revolver anel ordered  the other two men, who had sprung In  terror toward the door,, to hold their  linnds above their heads and turn their  fuce3 to the wall.  Over and over Pat and the gambler  rolled like two ferocious bulldogs tight-,  ing to the death, 'Put's left hand grip,  plug like an Iron-.'vise Big Dolton's  right, which still grasped the revolver,  while the long, b.-v.y lingers of his own  right hand vvere twisted witli a  strangler's grip about the gambler's  thront. The table and chairs were overturned and the Iloor vvas littered with  fragments of plaster and broken laths,  among which the two men .writhed,  one panliiig like a laboring locomotive  and the other, blue in the face and almost breathless from the deathlike  grip about liis throat, still struggling  faintly lo free his pistol hand.  "Dhrap it! bbrup.it. Oi say, or  Oiil thwist yer bloody head chine olT  yer nock!"-"And as he put all his remaining strength into one more vigorous shake the light caiiie to an end.  tlie gambler's heael fell back.7 his hand'  relaxed, the revolver dropped-lo. tlm.  Iloor. and Pat. withdrawing his still'-  ened lingers from tlie discolored'neck,  slowly rose from tbu senseless form of  Big Dolton,  "Be gbrrah, me b'y. it wor a���close  shave���yex bad." His breath caine; in  jerks. "Don't ye'z��� know enough���not  to thry���an' pull yer gun���whin a man  has th' elhrap on yez loike thotV"     ;,  "I didn't cure,", answered the boy, realizing for tlie Iirst time how near lie  had been to death. '"Who are you anyway?" ":.       '.-���"  ��� ''Whq'aui OIV" answered Pa tin gasps.  '.Sluii'o' an' 01 believe Ol must���Ue���tii':  vvhoite winged angel thot looks���lifth'er  foolish b'ys."  It was the work of but a few moments to disarm and banish the gambler's cowed assista ills. Then, gat boring up-his money iind chi'ck, young  Van Elston meekly followed the redoubtable O'Grady from the shanty,  leaving Big Dolton to recover at bis  leisure.   y0'~  .lust what passed between O'Grady  and: his youthful companion on that  homeward ride no one knows, but certain it i.s that Van Elston no longer  plays cards for money. Neither'is  O'Grady to be found on the list of  licensed hackmen. i'or lie acts as head  'coachman' in the Van Elston stabli-s.  while patient Billy is '.pensioned oft" as  a reward for tlie part he played on the  memorable ride.  A GENTLE KICK.  -I'd like to swut lhe features ot the optimistic guy  That sils up In ihe weather bureau study-  Ins the sky  And nils his list vvilh paralyzing chunks  of tropic heat  And lieiullshly precipitates thorn to tlie  steaming street!  I'd like lo push Uie plaster from the grim  predictor's rll*;  I'd like to shove the nose off of the fen-  lures of his nil's:  Oh, how I woulil enjoy li, with my ilngoiii  . In Ills Imir-  The niiin thut snys the wcallier vvill bo  wiiriii Imlny and fair, 0  llo sits nil winter long niul conjures up  llieilercHl blasts  And iVi'ds thi' pi'oplo zero while tho frigid  winter lams:  llo sll'l'-s  along   tu   i.-eiitlo  uprlng   when  llowers lilocuii iiK'jln  And piling on mil- devoted heiiels his slock  of eiilllliii: ruin.  And then wln-n siiiuiuer comes lie pokea  his furnace up I'or fair  And laughs In glee us people cultlviita n  = weary glare;,      '       ���  His    puri,-iii(irial    distresses    Icum    and  sireum ami swarm--tt  Tho ninn Ihul snys tho weather will  be  fair today nnd warm.  But 1 hnvo been rellectlng, and, according  to niy hunch,-.  Some day he'll get.the echo In nn aggravating bunch,  Por It Is snld that peoplo got according lo  their own  Hereafter, und I'm willing to lot Providence alone!  Some day there'll come a turning In tho  long .and weary lane,  And he'll be getting scorches vviicn lip's  hankering for ruin;  'Twill be lils lurn lo bellow,iind 'twill he  his turn ,to swear���  The man tliat says tho weather will be  warm today and fair! ���'.-.'.  ���Balllinoro News.  IlllllllllK.  m  squarely down on Big Dolton. It took  but a few seconds for the experienced  iiighthawk to grasp the situation. The  room was newly furnished, even to the  lamp brackets on the wall. Big Dolton  had spotted his victim anel lured him to  this promising lair.  Wlien Pat returned to tils post of observation,., the boy was winning, anil  his Hushed face and quick breathing  showed how skillfully the sharks were  playing him. Gradually the stakes  were Increased, and the lad began to  lose, until all Ills money uud a check  for a large amount lay on tbe table,  Pat saw the gambler, as be dealt,  drop two curds from"Hie puck Into his  lap; then, as If feeling In IiIh pocket  for a mulch; turn thein over wllh Ills  sleeve. Next tliey were skillfully bawl-  oil to the follow on the right. |it:t al  that point the carefully arranged plan  l'nileel. ��� The gambler's tool fumbled  the' ranis awkwardly, anil one' dropped  to the-lleior, striking Van Elision's shoe,  'iiie young fellow glanced down just in  time to.M-.'o the trickster pick I.t up and  place It i'i his li.'i'nd.  Trembling like a leaf, he rose slowly  from his"seat and laid his hnnd���four  kings���faci> up upon the table.  "The pot's mine!" lie burst out In a  voice' choked. with anger and excite-  tnont.' ��� "That fellow Blovvser Is n  client! He's got six cards. I saw hi in  pick an ace up off the''floor!"  "HoJd on, Van Elston," snld the gambler in a cold, hard voice, and his eyes  "Small Talk" and Real Tallc.  The privilege of having some one  with whom vve may exchange n few  rational words every day, as Emerson  phrases it. Is the choicest'gifl in life-.  We are rich in society and yet poorin  companionship.-, ih7 the ������ overflow, of  chatter vve are starved for 'conversation. .Social life isso largely an affair  of representation;,it inclines so largely  to the spectacular and to what Its  chroniclers designate as "social functions," that the element of' conversational intercourse is almost eliminated.'  Vet, primarily, is not that the supreme  object__of_a_jl___rjeiidly mooting? V^Vhi'"  vve reduce to first piihcipie^tlils-coiip  pies'thing called living, do we iiot go  to our friend solely to talk with him?  Do we not invite lilm solely that we  may exchange Ideas and compare views  on subjects of mutual interest? SUM.  as things go, people meet all through  a season in the midst of groups and  throngs���nt dinners, ri'coplious. entertainments of all kind���without exchanging oneWord In the wny of true intercourse,���Homo und Flowers.'  He���But you said you'd go lo de end  of do eni'Ui wit' me.  She���Ves-s-s, but I didn't know it  was so far.  Guilty, imt Fair Minded.  ���'Gentlemen," said the man whose  bulk" just ���comfortably lilled a sent in  the parlor car,' "1 passed through one  oartluiiinke anil never want to experience another."  "Where was it?" wus asked.  "In Pittsburg."  "But I never heard they had nn  enrtliiiunke I here."  "Yes, tbey did. It was fifteen years  ago. 1 was tliere. I wont to the roller  skating rink. 1 put on u pair of skates.  1 started out to cavort."  "Um!" said four men in chorus.  "Ami the eartluiuake followed, and 1  want to say right here and iiow that  if any of you aril, from'Pittsburg uud  can prove the loss of friends or property I am willing to make a fair settlement of damages."  ZEB WHITE'S TALES.  HE IS UNEXPECTEDLY ELECTED TO  THE TENNESSEE LEGISLATURE.  One Wny  to  Do  It.  "I wish," she sighed, "1 could break  little Willie of the habit of calling  names."  "You can," responded the gruff iieigh-  ' bor. promptly.  "How."  "Discharge the nurse and send lilm  out to play with few rough boys  some afternoon."-  Dccllm-i!  <<> alf-'et  Victoria.  Mr. Samuel Young was the only Irish  Nationalist member of paiilnnieiii who  accepted an Invitation lo the Jubilee  garden party at Windsor In 1SHT. silvs  the London News. The late Queen Victoria had been Informed that no Ir!.-!i  Nationalist nieiiibers wore among her  guests. It subsequently transpired thai  Mr. Young was present, vviiereiipnn the  t|iieeii expressed her desire Unit .he  should be 'presented. Search was made  for .Mr. Young, who was ut last ellsenv  ered In one of the picture galleries. Ur  was Informed of the queen's gracious  cimimand that he should be- ushereel  into the royal presence.^ lie paused  nnei then, with an Intense seriousness  of manner, snid: "No. uo. I 'hnve already brought, matters to a dangerous  crisis by my attendance here today. It  is wiser and more prudent that tho  queen and I should-'iiot meet���much  better for her majebty and much better  forme!"  Nevejr Cot  Thirsty  Aipiiiit.  "Why do you call your friend 'Dry  Davy?'" wns asked of the wild and  woolly westerner. "Is it. because of  the nature of bis wit, or what-:"  "Wit iioihin'!" answered lhe westerner. .-"Davy.got a dose o' the water  cure in the Philippines,two years ngo,  an' he hasn't been .thirsty since."  Not  n.i  Dad ns  It  Ml Uli I   IU'.  "Poor ma:i." said 'the lady visitor,  addressing'one of the Inmnies of .tho  insane 'asylum, "eioirt you often feel  very sad to be shut up liere?"  "Ob. no," the pnlietit nnswi'ivd. "The  lunatics vviio-come-to-!uok_at-us_iiie  generally    very    amusing."  Logical.  Pat���Pfwafs th' rayson Clancy do  bo��� nfiber bavin' ii 'tin vveddin'. 01  wonder?  Mike'��� Paltli, an' it's because he's  been married lo lils ould woman tin  vears, Ol'm ihinklu'.  IteiiNMiirim;.  She-Oh. .lack, are you perfectly certain that yeiu love me?  lie-.My darling.- you eluni. suppose  that I''have lived for thirty yenrs  without knowing hive when 1 feel It.  V.'e-ll tliiulllleel.  .Tndge���llo yon understand the nature of an oitlliV  Witness���Yes, sir. We keep a parrot, and my husband used to be a sea  captain.���New York livening World.  ItlKllt   In   It.  "I understand your wife hns gono  out of town on her vacation. When do  you tnke yours?"  "I'm having.mine now!"���Town Topics.  Hon He Figured It.  "Much;politics in your neighborhood,  Uncle Jim?"  '!No, ,suh-dcs 'bout $10 wuth."-At-  lnutn Constitution.  I  Leaven 111m Home to Attctnl a Scimlon  at the Stitlfh<m��<���Taken IIU Wife  Willi Hlui nud Hon ii (luecr Experience���Why III' ItcalKUcd.  ICopyrlght. 1002. by C. n. Lewis.)  T was ten or twelve y'ars ago,"  began the old possum hunter of  Tennessee, "when our member  of the legislature turned ug'ln  moonshine whisky.  "That, meant that somebody else must  bo ieeted In his place, and what did  the pesky people around yere do but  come to me and want me to stand!  They come to my cabin n dozen at a  time, ijuil the.v shook linnds and Allied  mu nn honest man und all that, and the  nio' I hung back the nio' they wauled  mo to run. When they got me Into a  tight co'ner. I sa.vs:  " 'I can't skussly read, and I can't  skiissly write, and I can't git up befo'  that h'gislachur and speak ten words,  mid what good could I do down to  Nashville?   Hesides,   I   hain't got  no  "VVE WAS  OUT OF  THAT  TOWN  01' KAStl-  VlliliE 1II3FO' SUNDOWN."  good clothes, and thar wouldn't be nobody to talk about b'ars and wildcats  with me, and I'd be: as lonesome as a  sick coon'lira holler tree. Then thar's  the old woman. If she went along with  me, they'd make fun of her, and if she  stayed yere she'd be all alone. I'm fur  moonshine whisky, ns yo' all know,  but 1 can't take no ollice.'  "They pnrtended to give in tit that,  but vvhai did the critters do but put  me up lo be voted fur when the time  come, iind tho fust thing 1 knovved 1  was ieeted by 400 majority! When I  hoard the news, I�� told it to\the old  'Woman and said:  "'Waal, what am I gwine to do about  It? I've cither got to hunt fur n'cave  and hole myself up or go down to  Nashville.'  " 'Yoii go to Nashville,' says she.  '"And what'll yo" do?'  " 'I'll go with yo'. I've bin thlnkin'  this thing over, Zeb, ; Thnr Is slch n  thing as P��ividence, and Providence  appears to have picked yo' out to go  down to Nashville and keep tbem critters from lncotiragin' the revnoo agin  moonshine whisky. 1 don't know how  yo' ar'; gwine to do it, but as Providence has bellied yo' out when yo'was  tackled by b'ars and. wildcats and roar-  In' hulls it will help yo' out now. When  wo once git down thar, Providence will  pint the way, and we will foller.'  "I felt purty skeery about it," said  Zeb, "but the old woman talked so bold  that I made up my mind to give it a  try. Heaps of critters come around  and Incournged mo and ottered to lend  me money,; but 1 didn't borrow a dollar.  Coons" and possums was plentiful that  fall, and I sold 'miff pelts to pay our  railroad fare down, to Nashville." .We  didn't hev very good clothes, but when  I spoke to the old womau about it she  said:  "'Zeb, we ar' jest poor and honest  people.' Wc .ain't gwine down to Nashville to swell around, but to be very  humble and to do the best vve kin.  Weil jest, put on our Sunday clothes  and let it go at that. If anybody don't  like our looks, they klniook the t'other  way.' "  "Waal, vve started off one day and  got aboard of the railroad kyars.' I  was a leetle narvous, nnd the old woman braced her feet and bung on  with her hands, but we got along with-  out-any_ calamity ln_nbout_au_hour.  when she. dared to open her eyes and  draw her breath, sbe says to me:  "'Zeb, how many bouses hev yo'  seen since vve left home?  " 'Moro'n a hundred,' says I.  " 'And how many people?'  " 'Morc'n a thousand.'  " 'Shoo!' Then vve must hev got clear  around the world and back home agin.'  "Whon we got down to Nashville,  thar wns so many people and so many  houses and such a inoviti' around that  I got the, old woman behind ine and  prepared t�� light to lhe death, but nol  a 'jiltter laid hands on us. Some of 'cm  laughed at my cowhide boots and some  of '(Mil grinned at llie olel .woman's'poke  bonnet, but 'everything vvas good nn-  lured. We went to a tavern to gel  board, anil when the old.woman sees  the carpels on the Hours, the shift  cheers stniulln' around and Ihc.lookln'  glasses as big as a tablecloth she turns  pale nud puts her nrms mound mc and  says:  " 'Zeb, 1 kin now sec why thar ar' so  many sinners in this world. If a critter kin iiev nil these things,, he -don't  -keer a pesky drat nbout gwine to  heaven. I'm afenrod we'll bo bad,'nulT  to steal hnwgsin a", week.'  "Thar was a good deal, of winklu' and  smllln' around thnt tavern," said Zeb,  "and I was skenrt nnd mad and imrv-,  ous all the time, imt I hung.oil and  said words to brace the old woman up.  At the end of threo dnys the legisla-  chur opened, and I had to go up to thu  statolinuse. I.ordy. stranger, but I'd  rather tackled three olel b'ars to oiiec.  I had goosi'Ilesli as I struck lhat crowd,  and the iild woman wasn't around to  incouriige me. I went into the slate-  house 'with the crowd, and I'd Just  found a seat when a feller comes  around and snys:  "'Excuse me. but nln't that a rllle  yo've got thar.'  " 'She be,' says 1. 'It's a title which  has killed inn' b'ars anil wildcats than  yo' conld count In iin hour, and she's  still ready fur the next varmint."  " 'nut yo' can't bring no deadly  weeplus In yere," ho goes on. 'This  nln't no Jumpln' mntch nor boss race,  but the leglslachur of Tennessee.'  "I told lilm I knovved wbnrl vvas, but  that I should keep tight holt uf that  .rllle. till 1 knovved I was out of tho  woods. and ho goes away gtovvHn' to  hlsself.' Mebbc it was half an hour  arler that when a feller stands up on n  platform and looks ut nie mid says:  " 'Does the honorable member from  Ben ver Cove expect to Iind any'.b'ars  on the tlooli of this house?'  " 'I ain't sayln' as I do,' I answers,  'but If thar is a riot over moonshine  whisky I might want sunthln better  than a club.'  "With that (hey all laughs and begins to pick on me. One asks if I  ibriing my dorg along, another moves  that I git tip and tell n b'ar story, a  third wants a ".pattern of niy coonskln  tap, and so It goes for ten minits.  Bimeby that same foller stood up. agin  and says, as slick as yo* please:  " 'Mebbe the honorable member.from  Beaver Cove would like to be excused  for half an hour while be'takes his  gun home?'  " 'Do, any critter yere want to pick a  fuss with Zeb White?' says I as I  stands up.  "Everybody laughs nnd claps his  bands, but no one comes nigh me, njid  I puts on my cap, shoulders my rllle  and says ns I walks out:  " 'It's an onory crowd, and thar ain't  a man among yo' who kin pull a rabbit  out of a holler log.'  "I went straight to the tavern, and  thar I found the old woman shlveriu'  and shnkin' fur her life.  " 'What's the matter?' says I.  "'They've put plllcrcnses trimmed  with lnce on our bed,' says she, 'and  tho i gorgeousness of it will: bring on  heart disease. Zeb, fur the Lawd's  sake, let's go back homo!'  '"But I'm yere to watch moonshine,'  snys 1.  "'Never mind moonshine nur nuthiu'  else on the faco of this alrth; but let's  ho a-gittin'. This world ain't fur us,  Zeb. We is like two lost children wan-  derm' through the. woods'and expectin'  to be eat up any mlnlt, and I'm so  skeart and tlustrated that 1 shan't live  two days longer." Zeb, if yo' love me,  come home.'  " 'I'll do it,' says I, and she got on  her poke, packed our carpetbag, nnd we  was out of that town of Nashville befo'  sundown, never to go back."  m: QUAD.  THE NEW ARITHMETIC.  IleliilcHi.  The Bore���Haven't I met you somewhere before?  The Other Man���If you have, it was  entirely unintentional on my part, 1  assure you.���New York Journal.  BI. Qnad'a Late��t Problematic tlratn  Ttvlnter*.  If molasses costs 44 cents per gallon  and James drinks three pints of-It  while returning from the grocery, how  much is there left nnd what Is tho  value of what he drunk?  Hemry hnd seven pet rabbits .worth  30 cents each until John's 'yellow dog  was turned into the shed with them  over night. How much more did Henry  lose than John?  Tliere nro 250 bumblebees In a nest,  and live boys set out to break it up.  Iiow many bees aro tliere to a boy? If  the live boys tumble over four fences  six feet high to get nway, what is tho  total height?  It lakes ii hog live seconds to got  through a hole iu thc fence into a garden and fifty minutes to Uud thc same  hole when a farmer drives liini out.  What ls the dilToronco ln time In favor  of the hog?  An iceman has twenty dally customers to be served with twenty-live  'pounds'df ice each. Every' day - ho  manages to have 100 pounds loft after  going his rounds. How many pounds  would he have left per week. Witli  Ice at 40 cents per hundred what would  his extra profits be?  A boy with "four teeth'to be pulled  yells seven times for every tooth taken  out. How many yells In nil? He meets  forty boys during the day and brags  to each one that lt never hurt a bit.  Iiow many more boys than teeth?  A;tramp is crossing a Held ut the  rate of twenty iuiles an hour, nnd a  fanner's bull is after blm at the rate  of thirty. Tho distance to the nearest  fence is one-fourth of; a niile. At  what point will the tramp be overtaken if he doesn't grow wings andtiike  to the air? M. QUAD.  Hotter Worli I.ntcly.  A very homely man In Chicago has a  very pretty daughter. One dny she  was sitting on his knee right before a  looking glass. She contemplated (he  reflection'-of their two faces and ther.  nsked, "Papa, did God make me?"  "Yes, dear," he leplied.  "And did he make you?"  "Yes."  Looking again in the mirror, she  drew n long breath and rejoinetls"Ile  must be turning out better work lately, isn't he?"���Metaphysical Magazine.  Mniilc; Tlint,S<iotIi��Ml Sot.  The guest camo down to breakfast  sleepy and wild eyed, but the hotel  proprietor cheerfully queried:  "Did you enjoy the llule playing in  the room next to you lust night?"  "Enjoy it? 1 spent half the.night  pounding on the wall for the idiot to  stop."  "Goodness! Why, Herr Willler told  me that ho played over all the tunes  be knew four times because the person in the next room encored every  one." -         A Theory.  "I wonder why brain work Is not  bettor paid?" said the ambitious youth.  "That ls easily explained," answered  Miss Cayenne. "When a man undertakes to do brain work for a living,  tliere is no way of catching lilm If he  Idles his time nwny. Even the X rays  won't show whether he Is working his  brain or not. ' As a result employers  grow suspicious."  AnxlynH.  Tess���Why on earth has Miss ��� Ann  TeeU subscribed to al! those legal journals?  Jess���Some one told her that proposals- vvcro-piinted- lu -them.���Philadelphia Press.  Qnernlon*   Quatrains.  The worst about tho summer,  1 sliouli'  say,  Is not tho heat that melts ua ilay by day  Gut rather is tho Jolics that conic nlong  And sock Inyuln to foroo us to bo gny.  Ah, true, I know tho soda fountain clerk  Doth sell sweet air with nimble toss and  Jerk,  Anil  yet  one  cannot always  laugh  at  hlni:  In truth, his Is an honest plcco of work.  The quip about the iniilelcn by the sea  Who wears liblireninti'il unrb In floe  Hut proves, what Jokes rupeiiludlyiinvi  clulm oil,  That niiniy do not go to sea, bul sec.  The jest about lhe lticmau and his prlco  And how he sells a eluiup spot for u slleo  la ancient, iitnle anel eloiiccelly passe;  Oh, would Hint they woulil pul it on tin  ice!  Tlio mercury, I know, will Bayly rise  Until it knockclh ut the brazen skies,  Yet it vvill not record the hent 1 feel  At reading of the ants ln picnic pics.  One otlier from which for.rellcM sue  Is that with whlcli' lhe Jokers ne'er got  through���  That warmth Increasing chestnut on the  man  Who  murmurs,   "Is   It: hot  enough   for  youV"  Whether at Nnlshnpur or Babylon,  At Murphy's farm or Hotel Got-tlie-mun,  Tho Jokosters sadly pen these five old  things  To prove there's nothing new beneath tho  sun!  ���Baltimore American.  An Important Detail.   - ,,  "It's just a hundred years,", said Mr.  Biggerson, "since men flrst began  wearing trousers."  "I wonder," nsked little Tommy,  "hovv long ago boys' mothers commenced cutting them down?"���Chicago Kccoril-IJerald.  Aim! Now He's Sorry.  "She got even with hhn for buying  such an expensive panama hat after  all."  "How?" ,    ,       '  "Why. she put a bow and feather on  It and wears lt hersolf."-rhllndoIphla  Bulletin.  To  Snve Time.  ".ledge." said the colored prisoner,  "Is I expected tor tell de truth?"  "Of course you are!"  "Well,'then, des go nhead en sentence  iuo fust!"���Atlanta Constitution.  UnavolriiiMe.  "Do you like to dino in those cheap  restaurants?"  "No, but I have to in order to havo  monoy enough left to tip the waiter."���  New York JournnI.  I'roof Poiittve.  .  lie���I should like women bettor If  they weren't so fond of contradicting.  She���But they aren'tl v  m'i VALUE OF BIRD LIFE  PROTECTION   OF  BIRDS NECESSARY  AND BENEFICIAL.  V  I'  li  W  A 1'ruillc.il Amurar ts th�� Uucitlnu; "Of  VI Inn I'riifilicul Valuo Are Itlr.U lliui  111,.) Mlillllil II* l'r>t��clon ?"��� I Ittlr  Duiiu m l��i in spreading lim Ku��n-  lrdgi, ahiimii the A^i-leullurlil>-<iu'iii<.  'I>��-ilmt*it��  That hnd protoition is noiossiuy  nnd bcnclicial to our countiy is no  longci disputed by the most mallei-  of-fuet, but tho sovoiul claims of  theso inteiestiiig cieiuuies to such  protcition mo still unknown und un'  roiogm/cil by many of tho moie intelligent. The general elcsu e to pio-  toct is, in tho gamo buds, to maintain a supply ioi spoiling nnd lood,  and among the smaller biids, bcause  of their geneial clict'iful roinpniuon-  ship to man. 'J hose individual mid  compaintively insignillennt unions  exclude fiom the minds or tho moio  superficial obsaveis many gioupsund  specie:, holeling stiong cliiiins to oui  protection, and an advotuc.v 'ol the  claims of these fonjis icgultuly inisis  the epiestion, "Oi whnt pi actual  value uie buds, that tliey should be  piotectcd?" X\e piotect the giouse  and ducks because they nie edible.  Wo dpsne piole-lion foi the suiallei  birds bocutise they sing about o ir  doois? und aio altogether chceiful  companions,, but this is nil, W'eiiilli-  lessly destroy hundreds of songless  blids becauso wo have un idea they  aro destioying our fiuit, while vve  leavo tho most important occupations on tho faim, fieqiicntly, to  search out the shotgun and shoot  down a hapless hawk 01. owl which  happens to wander neai our domiciles. We shoot it down and return  to our work. If the question is asked, "Why did you shoot that hawk?"  the reply Is, "To protect my chickens", and weie you to dissect this  bud before the ejes of the aveinge  piejudiccd faiinei anil show him the  stomach full of gophers oV mice he  would not be peisuadcd that the bud  had any otlier intention or purpose  in life than to destroy his poultiy  Ask the avoiago fruit-grow ei why  he dostioys the lobins, woodpeckers  and wuxwings, and ho will sny, ' To  protect my fruit." Ho foi gets that  theso birds have dono moie to protect his fruit to the ripening stage  than he has done, by their continued  removal of insect enemies, and because they dale to appiopnate the  fruit they have protected they aio  robbjrs.  It is to bo legrctteel that so little  has been dono by our home societies  !>  SWAIXSOX's TI VVV K  and Governments to place these nmt-  tois befoie the f.iimei in then pioper  light We mo not .ill natui.ilists,  nor'can iieall be accurate obscrveis  of natuie, bi by poisonal lc-cnih  discovci the tiuths ns thus revealed,  but it i-, cei(Um that a sjstcmutic  investigation in the viiiuius distiicts  of the reeding h.ibits ol these foims  of disputed economic value, .mil n  tabulation ol lesults, eotilel not fail  to convince the most prejudiced The  question of noxious vveeils is extensively dealt with by agiicultiiiiil societies, but tlie economic values of  our Watheicd weed dcstioyeis is un-  vvoithy ol oui lecognition oi, nt  least, l.ns heiclofoic been lon'-ieleicd  uniiupoitnnt, and lust so long as it  lemains uniecogni/ud .is nn impoi t-  ant ceoiiomie ag iciiltiiiul fuctoi by  these institutions so long shall pic-  judice pievail m the mind oi Uie ug-  liiultuiist anil fiuil-giowei   It wo*- foi   the, ie tili'.nlie 11 uf-tl.-s  vei.v'evil th.it the United Stales (.'ovei nment some .ve.us ngo estiiblitlutl  a biiic.iu nl mvi ,ligation m eeiiiiiu-  tion v.illi tlitii ugi iciiltinai tlep.ii l-  liient, anel the f-.unu woik is now being taken up bv sevC"iiI ot the .Stales  individually and in eveiv ni'-e then  investignlions lmve losiiltcel pi ic-  niodclled and moio ciuefully vvoidcd  mill enfiiiced hull laws, mill fiom the  bulletins of the Washington biiienii  [mi Initially vve must tei-elnv cull our  mfoi million upon these subjeris io  these alone can n.iliii.ilists touilucl-  nig iiiilieiilu.il investigations in L'nn-  uila lefei fm'a vilification of then  own   ic'scimhcs  nud   di-i ,,,ei h s  We have some 28 spc.ies of in 'is  and owls, and 1 mv ui inblv intc  that of these buds, as with humanity, it is tlie iiiniiie'iit vvbiih sulTei  foi the guilty, ai.el spines win li ,ue  fi lends e>r tlie faiinei uud pinteclois  of lus inteiests, whull, jio-slhh ln--  cniise then hoiust intentions make  them less wniy mid mi ensici ninik  foi the shotgun, me rutble,sslv de-  stioyed, while the guilty gotliuvvk  and Julcon escapes ( with lus qimriy  unscathed. If the doubtful investigate for themselves they vvill find  that the majoi ity of our common  hawks, fainiliiuly dubbed hen-hawks,  prey almost entnely upon mice, go-  pheis mid otliei'injurious nnimai and  mcett posts The t>ume> miij be said  rogiiiiling tbe woik of all our owls,  nnd cspeiially is this tine of the  bin'illei   species.  ^ As a icsult of investigations made  pf tbe work dono by these blids.   I  mav icfer to the lecords made in my  paper upon "Duds of Piey," icid befoie the Ilisloucnl and Scientific Society in Winnipeg in Deieim ei, IS'.'H,  and quote /rem the concluding M.m-  maiy, v\herein it is shown tlnu line  nre nine hawks and eleven owls,  mostly bcneiiuiil, which aveinge as  a result of extensive slumiiih cxnm-  inations only 1(5 1-8 por cent injiui-  ous, of which 12 per cent, is among  small buds of doubtful ceouoiiuc  value, leaving only 4 1-8 pel cent,  injurious to poultiy and game combined.  In thc liaimful species, the icvorel  shows but 2I> pei cent, injurious to  poultry and gamo birdi, while the  same pel coinage is pi oven Dcutficinl,  the icmniniiig 50 per cent, being de-  stiuctlvc to Miiallcr blids of doubtful  economic vnlue because of the non-  doteiniinnlion of the spciUs. As it  hns also boon shown that Ihe tluco  species most injurious to small bn els  prey chiefly upon two pests, the Knglish spuuow and tlfc) blackbird, their  mjuilous recoids may be reduced at  least one hnlf     We consequently find  ItlT-lAILI D HAWK  50 pei cent, of the most hnimful  species ontiioly beneficial, and only  25 pei cent lnjinious to poultry nntl  game combined  GX the species icgulaily dcitioyeel  ns injiiiioiis, which should claim our  piotection, theie aie the * mat sh  hawk, that laige leildish-brown hawk  'With (lie white bar across tho root  of tail, n veiy liuinoioiis and enliic-  ly benefieial species, feeding almost  entiielj upon mile and fiogs. Siviiiu-  son's hawk, a Iitigei, hioadci-winged  soming h.ivk seen about the praii ics  veiy commonly, and whose food is  almost entnely gopheis and miie,  and tho lcd-tmlod, led-shouldeied,  and bioad-winged hawks, tin ee slow -  cr-flying lmgo hawks found in the  woods and pai tial deal nigs, and  whose food is nlso mice and gojhcis  in the mnjonty The spiy, aleit little spanow hawk, which industiioiis-  ly pin sues its pie\ in ti ue falcon  style and which feeds entnely upon  mice and insect life, chiefly gi_ass-  hoppeis m their season of desti action And ull thc owls, with possibly the exception of, the great  honied, feed in the majority upon  mice mid othei animal pests Those  aie a few iccoids, lightly touched, to  onde.uoi to establish the beneficial  recoiels of theso feathoi ed agi iculuu-  al police, whose efloits have, thiough  lgnoinnce and piejudice been so long  disi egai ded oi  imsundci stood  While our antipathy towards the  smallci buds is not so pionounccd,  because oi the sentiment in tbeir fav-  ot as companions to_ mun, vve aie  nevei tluitss, ns slow to lccogui/e  then economic value, as in the case  oi buds, of piey, and in some cases  wo eiveicome oui sentiment and de  stioy tlie species because of thou  fi uil-eating piopcnsities. The cases  of the inbiii, wax wing (oi cheny  bud., calbiid, and some of the  woodpeckcis, befoie icfeiied to, me  tlioso which attiact chief attention  Now, when vve considei that the food  of these buds foi the entno bi ceding  season and, in fact, dining that poi -  tion of the vein when fiuit is not  available, consists clinch of msec ts,  in ihe m.ijoiity most uiiiiiioiis to  fiuit and giain, it is but uistico that  they sliould icceive piotection in le-  tin it fm then laboi s, und if vve desire to save our cultivated funis wc  can do so by planting ui oui gioves  and oi thai ds a few wild fnnt vines  oi bushes, nnel when thesj licm fnnt  the buds will take it*n. picfeienccto  the cultivated vaueties Ufanv vnn-  eties are available and favoi lies of  the buds, such as wilei cun ant,  ginpe cliokechc'i iy, saskatoon an 1  the mulbeiiv let fitut-giovveis e.x-  pei imeiiL upon tins idea anil thev  will be amply lew aided foi then  pains, anel will save many cheeiful  and hnppv lives iiom picmnturc destination  Jfanv  species    because  of  then   en-  tnelj  inseitiv oious iiuliiie, should re  el mini),  ceivo our stiongest oucoiiiiigenient,  mill iiiconinioelation should be pio-  vh'cd for tbem Swallows anil mens  aie espoiiiil^y desci vlng, and boxes  and nesting sites should lie iiiiiingeil  feu then accommodation dm ing tlieii  summer suiouiu uiuongst us iinse  .should bo lonsuuitcd with a small  lound opening huge enough foi the  bit el desiicd \o enter, but too small  to penult of the invasion of that  inci easing nuisance, the domestic  spanow ilio hole's should have no  perch at the opening upon which the  spairow can alight The owner. If  it be vvien or swallow, can enter  quite eusily without a step to stand  on  Othor species which, becauso of  their beneficial chauicter, should receive our encouragement aio tho  Baltimore oiiole, meadow laik. roso-  breastcd giosbcak, and bluck-bllled  cuckoo, and wo can inutcimll.v assist  these by doing what wo can to dis-  couingo the sp.movv in our vl.initj  Thc food of the Bnltimoic oiiole  consists of UO pei cent injiiiioiis inset life which is gatheied anioiig  the swaying blanches of out foiest,  fnnt anil oimimcnlul  tiees  Ovcr SO per cent, of the nnliiiiil  fooel of the iiicadovv lark is injiiiioiis  insect life, illicit, giussliojipe,s iho  ellorts of this biid in the dcstiiirtlon  of the linmntii'c hoppeis is in itself  a strong Unim to our recognition  The rose-bieastcd giosbcak, onu o(  our most beautiful spcilcs In song  and plumage, is an exceedingly beiic-  fUill! .speclis, the entile fooel ofiiilull  ami youug dining nesting consisting  of noxious insect life This is one  of the few buds known to be fund of  tho miich-ilcsjilsed and objectionable  potato beetle, and this in itself  sliould obtain him our pioterlion  The claim of if.e black-billed cuckoo  cannot be mnde too stiong, ns llu,  species is eiitl'ely insectivoious, nnd  it is the one species known to be fond  of the Jin ii y cateipillai and the shag-  moth Dm nig the lavages of these  posts the cuekoo may bo seen cleaning oft the tough encoons fiom the  tiees infisted and devouiing tl'otluv-  snlis with uvnlity It may ,il"-o be  seen devouiing the h.ni.v catuipilln  and il a bud be collected at suth  times and dissctcd the 'tom.i li  coating will be found to be piened  thiough and thiough with tluse  bristlelike haus, sin li not uu siig tin  bltd any appaicnt liiioineuicnce  Auothei gioup whose "ilauu�� aie  not leiogni/ed aie our finches, mi1  apait fiom then pai tial insect. voi-  ous chamttei, tbey peiform annually  a work in noxious weed desttuetion  which is a veiy considei able item ,n  cfcononni agiicultuie These spe-ies,  which include all om siiminei-xisit-  mg native spanovvs, goldfinches nnd  siskins, as well as our winter-visit-  mg giji&boa, s, snowbirds and ied|)i>lls  constitute an aimy of no mean nuni-  beis, and fiom thc mntuuty of tbo  weed until_the following spi ing the  seeds, with a iiii.xed insect diet, make  up the ontii e food supply of those  buds.  Having foi a number of sca'-ons  kfapt sevcinl hundicd of these bnils,  representing fiom Iiftcen to tvventv  common species, in an cMonsivc avi-  aiy, and kept thein in excellent condition with no othei fooel than most  noxious weed seeds, I am in a position to estimate the vast amount of  good done by the countless numbeis  of these featheied seed destioyeis in  a single season  These mc but instances of the  strong claims of our njtivc wild buds  to om piotection, nnd it will be  found, Mive in a few isolated cases  that nil om native species me deserving of oui pi.ile'-t.on foi some  reason,  nhd  it is cett.unly advisable  1,1 I  VI   llot.XH, I1VM  that befoie nnv steps .ue taken to  eli'stioy oi extciinitiate any foim,  tiiiefttl cii(|Uii) should be muilc to ee  Unit tluii uiiiiiioiis chiiiactcis ovei  balance then bineiicial Also, whethei then enliie icinoval might not be  liable to icsult in the development  and outouiugc'iio it oi a mine dan-  geioiislv   inuii ions foim  Too much caie cannot ho taken  when nu intei lei cute with natiue's  balance is contemplated The icsult  of pnst c'.xpc'iimcnts have in nintij institutes pioven disa'-tious It is eei-  tain lhat onlv thiough a competent  authontv investigating in connection  with the ag'.cultuitil bin cms of tlu  counti\ i.in such mnltcis be sitis-  f.ictoub dealt with���Goo 15 At'un-  son,  in ilie rmnifis'   Veivocitc.  n,.i��.  ilie    liai.ic  lo i ige-.i  I ���    |1|1 t,l I, .It),,  A    cone-jionil n1    oi  J eiiiiei ��� tlrr te'b-l.o--  bnlkv    hoise  As I ,v is vnv n in li in'riesled ill  the v.r in vvlut'i ib,iilinei liougel  hi. I in \ I o ��� io a stall so plc.is-  niglv told in n incut ismu' ul llu  li.inie laiiuei, I sniil tlu following  which I know io bt veiv el*<' ire in  In mum; a I nlk.v hoise to Iiismiik s  Jin .o i, laige lo ip in one i ud ol a  io-e, un I iii'o it about hill \>.iv  iiom llu loot to I n e put one oi the  hoists fo'i lee;s, tin n pa1-, lli'olh  cl in I ol the' lop,' to til ell ivi I.  who will i" nth d tvv it nil th'  hoi ,i' i.iim'S In,, loot f i out lh' .lound  and shove , u ill iiiuition lo l.o As  soo'i u' ih' I o si stints lote-'Ulhc  i ope in ound I i< ll'g nnd lit linn go  nl unv pu-e he i linos s Ihis e\  iciimeni I ',iw I'li'd with gniisue  nss tin one o, llu b.ilkns, luu-is  evei   f-uv..  PORK PRODUCTION.  I lif   I rtinn,, ioill   Itlltioii ,,f     he    I'l;   I I.  ilimxlH >i t mmiilt r tide 1'url lot, ,,C (, i eten  I,mil -llenefll til -U ni   UIIU  In the pnst some ti'ijeiturns hnve  been laised by the la keis ic tbo  use of foi ago plants mid loots foi  poik pio billion, but the belli of lentil expiiiincnts vvouid scvin to show  then lems oi objections gun n.lless.  In fact, lhe good inlineue'e ofaeoii-  biilcralile piopoitlon of gicen foi d oi  loots in tha iation of u pig inn  Ktmicly be oveiostiinaled It has  long been known thnt '���Win milk hus  n uuM Inn.'llciiil indue n e upon the  thiirt ot llu loikt'is. and i|tinlliv of  th' poik, even when the ninouin fed  feu ins only a Miiull pait ol the latum (,'iicn food mnl roots K'i'iii in  a huge mousine to be tapuble of  Mipplemiiriiig the now,���in viev. of  the tie.i endous expansion in the Canadian lim on indnstiy,���i|iute um le-  quiilc simply of elaiiy liv'-pii d icts,  foi use in pig feeding, 'llu fanner  whose coi .Inrous permit, nin.i uo (">-  en   fuithei   ih in to use foiage pliint-,  Slty^rttT^-S M   M..       -S     ,      t^'  ' I- .1X0  OVVI  as a suppit incntai v food ilc may  oven mnke lliem th2 chief item of lus  p.g fed if he is caiolul to use a  good piopoi tion of giain. (oats, pens  and I in lev,) tliu ing the last month  of   the lecdin/ pi nod  As the season is lather fur advanced foi an exhaustive discussion of  foi ago ciops suitable foi this puipose, I shall confine my lemmks to  such  as aie still seasonable       ��  Clovci ���I'lobably no c on if; better  adnpti el to joung pigs than i lover  and a hit of clovci stubble us.d foi  this purpose will give vei,, good ic-  tinns So far as om experiments go,  thc poi k so produced is ol good quality  I(ape ���Of all tho ciops used heie s0  far for pasUuing pigs, mpe quite easily stands Inst 'Iho pimcipal points  in its favor aio ���(3 )its eiuick biovvth,  (2) its wido innjfc, ns it grows well  on almost any kind of land, (3) its  long season, as it may bo --owii as  Into as Septembei anil s'lll elo lairly  well, (���!) its evident palatalnlity, ns-  the pigs tat it gieoJilv, ami (r>) its  good cITict upon the qii ilitv of the  bacon, piodue-ing as it e'oes, almost  lniaiiably a good funi ean'ass llape  may bo expei ted to be fit foi pas-  tine fiom 6 to 8 weeks fiom date of  sowing Ii '-hould be sown in lows  about 21 mJies apart, simc when  so giown it gives the gieaiest ie-  tuin | ei acie, und is best adapted  foi pa tilling ' It should be sown  fantx lh cUy in the lows sa\,i<bree  lbs of sc-el pei aero An acie mav  bo expected to cany fiom 20 to 40  pigs thiough a seaion, depen I ng on  tin1 season nnd the condition ol the  eiop   wh n tho pigs me tuin si in  Vetches ���\ etches also aie valuable  ns foi nge for swine, niii. mav be, un-  dei exceptional coneiitio'is, sown  Into in llu season, Esiienally is  this tine of the Unitv Vctih vvheli  -peeies has tin pcuili.u nu.ilily of  gloving tij) again aftei having been  tut   oil or eaten down  Oats���I'i obahlv no green ci op will  give ti betUi letnin in poik than  oats 'liny mm be sown late en  I'aily in the scc-on et the lat" of "i  oi 0 bushels to the acie and tho  pigs tinned on about lt month aitei  Ihcv bci uiinntc 'I l.e leul, of ibis  cnipis that it lasts onlv a 'hut  time, as H does nol seein to i c .mic  loiccovci   when   ome ealrn  down  Ai tichokes ��� Auothei ciop ofge.it  valuo foi poik pioluction is the ai-  tichoko It should be sown late in  the fall oi veiy e.nlv in thespmig  'The pig>- mav be allow cl lo feed on  it in Oetolei an I lhe oarlv spnng  Thev vvill do the Inn vestiwr themselves J'b'is is a most excellent ciop  ioi biood ��oiis in spnng and autumn  Almost nil vaueties of iiucy foioge  ciops mc suitable foi poik pioduction, tlu "-oils mention! d above being   pionibly the best foi   Canada  L^y     -"- '���  o   ,    1 , III   (lltltlll* III  An  ointment    ol   vvhiili  nil  owncis  of   duny lovvi 'lioulel  keep n supply  on   hand elm in,' llu spina; nml siim-  mei    months,  is  made b.v   lib iieling���  l dinelim of oxide of /me with  1 oimie of va-seline  ' This makes an excellent diessing  for citickcd oi soie touts in cows,  and a small'quantity of it should  nliv.ivs be kept within leach foi application to the teats vvhenefCi tlmre  is nu ocension thoicfor Another  usoful' dicssing for the same puipose  consists of���  Tincture of mynh, 1 ounco  .Solution of alum, 1 ounco.  Wafer.  Q ouncpi.  not --1   in I x  'I li-1 ijutstion ns to lhe advisniulitv  ol iillovving pigs to gia/e oi '���hutting in a small pen nnel fe'eiling I hem  the g'len iio;"- iloes not sum to  ttiive been posillvoly settled vel f0i  while gientoi dailv giains iiiuv be  ex|,(ilid ulu'ie iinuii.ils ni,' Kept in  dose (planets, tlieie Is nlvvnvs the  item foi I'xlia laboi foi lulling nnd  ciiuj inir the foi age.  Anotliei item of some impnilniHi'  lo the lecder is the i O'up,native  cronontv of wintei mid summei fi ed-  ing of pigs Accoiding to vin Ions  experiments eoiiiliicted heie leicitly,  pork mav be [iioduiod at al out SI  pei bundled pounds, live weight, lees  cost in summei than in vv mi ci Th's  stems to be due to less tost of  giccn feed, us well as to low lem-  pciature, vvlnth must be oveicome  bv food oi by aitificiul lient ���.1 II  Risdalo, Agiiiulturist, Ccntinl V.\  roiimentiil  I'm in,  Ottawa,  Ont  A FARM TELEPHONE PAYS.  Ceorse vv 3 Ur, In lh��* Ointigr Judtl Imniri,  lell. VV Im ���iir^H���lr��lluli hi���I < ��M -  v,t��, m t.ftiiig iin* ii*-*,,  'lhe telcnhoir.' is agicalu n co-s,tv  to the f.iiiu.'i 011 th" fm 1.1 than it  ,s to llu bus 11 ss man 111 th'iitv  In the cit.v, distances aie sboit, avid  help of a coi lulu k nil is cheiip, v h le  in the co.nlr.v, ilisiinices .11 e gi'iil,  und help of e.ici.1 I iii'l gio-..., ���c.in-  ci every .vcm ilie funnel cun, II  hj vvill, avail btmsjll of the inboi-  ^uving nppliunCt' miiili I'tislci than  the biisinc-s man In lh1 e-ilv, and  liiueh easier thun the f.iiiuci hlui'-elf  imagliiih, unless he has iniistigi.ti'd  the   siibjeet in nil  Its biiiiini.s  Telephone Unci cell mid mo Icing  built by funnels ou what ini|.h, bo  termed thu 10-opn utile plan, but  a co-opciallve telephone line is nn  entnely dillcioiil piopositinn fiom   a  10 0|)Ciative eiiaineiy 01 oth r eo-  ojicrativc faim institutions, in that,  as soon as 11 ciiameiy is built, it  must bo 1 un, while wilh a telephone  line,  when the 'ine is built,  tumble,  11 ihi'iu is am, ends It piacluull.v  mns itself I would not advise Uu  foi illation of nnv luigo companies ol  fain eis ior Ibis puipose A com-  pun\ of 111 ee 01 fom, mid fiom that  i.p to ci^-iit 01 ten is cnotgli Where  moie than this number vv ish to imn  the comjiny, ihey had hottci foim  tw,o 01 moie companies and make  then lines intc changeable with two  other companies, nnl vve have 110  dilbeiiltv, foi the ieason that lhe  otheis want lo us" oui line lust as  much   as wo want to use thens  In iho oigani/ation 01 a 'fiumeis'  telephone company, no two set of  men will go at it m pist the same  way, and it is not necessuty that  thoy -should. Oui companv vas ni-  gniu/ed by five men getting togclvr  and agreeing to build ten mi es of  line. We estimated the cost nn I divided it into shaies We eliew up  coitani iiilos governing the opcialion  of tho company, elet ted a piesident,  seeietary and ticasuici, paid in our  caj ital   stock and built  the line  After oigam/in.; the company, get  a permit fiom the supeivi'ois ol the  town to 11m your line on the highways ovei winch jou wish to build,  also got permission fiom the ovmcis  of the adjoining lands to set polos  in fiont of then piopeity 'Ihe law  reepiliej that the poles be set within  I loot of the linJ. 'ihis does not  ncci'ssniily menu that tho poles be  set fom feel fi om tbe fence Our ev-  peiieti'o is that most fences cm 1 o u h  on the highway moie 01 less, and 11  poles are set within a foot of tho  fenoa thev aie 11101 e oat of the way  and yon will as a iule, como neater    to  complying  vvith thc law   than  HICkH!  if you sot the poles 4 feet fiom the  fence 'iho poles shoind be set as  neai in line as possible loi if not  set in line llu vvne get slick ina  sboit   time  'Jhe lnvv leeiiines llu wire to be  not less than 14 feet fi 0111 the  giound and at load tiossings 22  feet Coinei poles should be well  guye-id 01 Maccd All poles should  bo In miy set, ,uicl lightning 1 od,  sbould be placed on cveij tenth pole  01 oftcnei Well seasoned white 01  bun oak poles will last nc.uly ns  long as crd.u So pole should bo  set that is smaller thin fi inches in  diumetc! at the suifnco aftei being  set   3 feet in tho   ground  'Iho following figuios will be found  appioxiniatelv coneit as to tost pei  nii'o   ol finished line  'vMiitc oi   bin 1   oak po'cs,  2.1c  eiih   o2 to tin   mile SS 00  Dig-;mj   holes     ai d    set ling  no'es at  10c each    . 3 20  260   pounds So   10 v  wiie at  S3    por  100  lbs . 7.80  32   poicelain insul.ttois title  nh . .32  Stimgnj;  and fastening   vvne  to poies .... 2 00  ^VlemP'tr (.rum        .  Ordinal y     nicndovv      grass    rniely  yields over li tons ol hay    to   the  acre, but clover will give up to threo  tcms.  Total cost, 1   mile "-.-'1 ."12,  If the woik is dono b.v tlufunitis  themselves, as it usuiillv is deduil  ^o 20_ foi���digging���l.olcs--sett,iu;  I oles and stnngiiig vvne, leuvuu  ^10 12, the nMi.tl cash oiillnv fo  ono mile. If th farmers ean fui-  insli polts suitnliic. dcdtti I 'sf', leav-  in,; the cash otitlav foi one 11 lie ^S -  12 If cedat poles nu used, ae'tl 2o  cent' pci pole additional in.ik'iig  lhe total eost of n mile vv 1 i.'i ceil.u  poles ami No 10 vvne S2'l ."2 Hson.e-  tlung might be _��� ed on lb above  figuies    by  usin,   '. ^hlei     vvne if  No 12 vine is 11st ', it will ie une  ITo I'oiiuds pi 1 mile S.! 10 pei 100  pom els, mn'.nig ���*"���"> ''���' poi mile, u  saving of 5-2 37 pel mile ovei the  \'o 10 vvne Mini wbv use So 10'  ll'iniise ll is less liable lo le iilTeit-  cl bv weatliei 1 ondilieills, and lo "i  not gel bio'i'ii ni eesilv and th'V  will tell lis tlie siiiiille'i the vn.', the  gie'ntei the u'sistan e In otliei  woids, vou ,vou ciin talk f.iitbei  niid plninei ovei N'o 10 (ban vou  can ovei .N'o 12 01 11 'lhe alo.e  figuios nie foi single vvne 01 gioinl  hue  When it "tomes to n question of  'phonos, get ihe Jiest ou llu market  A 1 heap 'phono nun do wheie only  two 01 tin ei w isb to use llu line,  but foi a ininieis' clicuit with 20  'phones, lhe best is none too good  Then, too, 11 vou have connection  wilh nn ti'djoin ntf toll lino you  should .have a 'phone stiong enough,  to   eiiny you 30 miles with rase  With a single vvne, good ground  conn Ctions aie of the first important, (iiomul vines must bo got  down to damp caith, down so deep  that tluy will not drv out in tho  surumor or fieeze dry in th? winter.  Ornvol 01 s ,n ) na'fs. good giound  tem ci tlons . j od will Is Tie best  po1 siblt' p'n ,) lei r in He a j 10M d  vvne \ cisiiin s 10 hutei .loi.nd  louiiei lion        h  n      11      pile  e of  ��� atci woild b. ih ie .ippi.iis to  be 11 piom'ifi 'da .111111; f.u-  miis tl���\' the 1011 f ic: on . 11J in-  stulliiliia of �� te'e hire I'n- ic-  quiies ,1 in 1 .1 ilcvr,ic of s ill and  expel le'iiex; 'J lit-, is a m'sini e A lair  degiie ol toiuiM,ii l,t.,ii "������ sense Is;  nil   lhat it lespiiies t  In ci neliision I wush to emphasise  the fail that It is as a business pio-  positien that the ulciliinc stai d-i  out ns a netissiiy <,n th.' fin in.'Ilia  .sliippei makes use o' Iln* line 111 bio-  lug storks, ihe dtiiki it. 1 grieu't .1-  al   tiiiplt'iinn's.  t!u giain bii.vei,  tho  -,'_-  Ml  VIIOW   I .VIII,  lumlici doalei the doitoi, the merchant and i veiv one else 111 nusincss  all vvm.t ctmno ion with the fai-  meis' line -tn-1 'he fmiiui as ho  hangs up the meivei Ikuii-, to re-  ii'ue as lie no.cr itali/td Lcfo e iho  imlorlnnce 01 bung a iaiiiei wub  a tele'i hone 111 tho house ��� Orange  Judd   J'anner  MORNING ON THE FARM  -When the white dove coos to his drowsy  male,  And Uie hhils in tho tiees lejolce,  Old llr.ihiui st.iuels on the b.iiiivaiil gite  Anil shonls In n Inslv  voice  "I feel bitter this moi ruing, '  And tht   Ilniittiin thlults   tis truo,  I'or he iiisvvois Inch iu .1 -tenor loue:  "Without���.1 doubt���.vou doo '  lhe house (log lies with his hcul on his  Iimys,  Anil hlliiks at the morning cnll.  The eiit vvith a ileld'iiouse in her jaws  C'ouics mania.: home on the wnll,  Wlillp the Iliiilniiii lici.ilils the moiu agjln,  And the Bantam likob the cue  "I feci liol lei this 11101 niIiiK'-  "Without���.1 doubt���vol do 0 '  Tlie bhil�� with 1 ���'ioiions burst of song  M.ilec glnd the' euchird houghs  And the funnel   snliie'ln���' his pibo along,  (,eis enn to milk the eovv< ,  The woik of the (I iv  lie���'ius again,  And'the roi'bttrs c ill niiew  "1 feel heWci tills 11101 inliig"  "Without���n doubt���}oil doo"  A PROFITABLE INDUSTRY.  ^tiunb l.ulhltiir  f���t   1 lufit���smm   Hintiby  till  e'ti    1 1st ,n .  * Tlio squao iq used veiv l.ngely as  a substitute 101 g.'inc, vvbiih foimei-  ly was quite available It is netes-  sniy to piovide means of artificial  heat to suctcs=fullj' bieed squabs id  ''mielw intei, but it is not ncccssaiy to  have tbe tempeiati.ic 0x01 '10 01 50  degrets In lhe winter senson our"  dcilcts actually beg foi a pioduct  which reqnne, xeij littlo tune to  ta'e 101, or expense 'Ihe tune eon--'  sinned 111 taiing foi 500 pairs of  breeding pigeons is not moie than,  two or (Inec houis pe. dav, and is  largely taken up in feeding them  twite 01 th'oo times dailv, wateiing  once and cat nig 101 the fue in tho-  e cuing The loft does not.need  cleaning oe.t moie than once in two  months  The details of suc.essful squab  biceding aie few To the liiexpoii-  oneeel thev may at fust seem cumbersome, but as vve familial i"e ourselves1  with thc habits of pigeons vve loam  to admiic them, and the woik appeals to us moie us plcnsiuo than  laboi The veiling squab sits in tho  noM, glowing dav by dav until at  about 2S or 30 elavs olel we wnng  its neck', cool it lo get all the animal heat out 01 the boelv mid it is  road) foi maiket Unlike chickens  no bioodci is needed, no nm, no  feeding evei.v tbiee houis (tbe parents do this', and no picking, ns it  goes lo iiiiiLtt with its clothes on-s  No iiiiltistiv 01 specialtx piescnts  moie meliiciii cuts to the piactical'  man than eie oting a small portion  of Ins time to canng for a number  of pairs of bi ceiling pigeons  i-fpciinj ltimi ic iihIiv coin.  While pi o 1 pastinage is one of tho   ,  best,  if not the best focd^ that can  be supplied to the dany cows during  the gi owing season, jet if the   best*-  possible   icsults   nie   s:ctued in   tho  pioduction of nnlk it  will m neaily  all   inses 1)0 1001111 advisable to feed  the   damy    cows   some wheat    bian  daily   'J he quantity need not lie laiga   but-It" should beTsuppncdTegularly.  HVMIVIOIM. 01110II  If a little eoiniiie.il Is ad.l d tbo  lesults would be beltti I ut bian  nnd good pn-luiinre will enable a  ion to m.iiniani a it'll How of nnlk  lliioughoui the sm,in 1 . , n.l Hie nnlk  will be ntliei mil lieltn fen making  of gooel buttei thai 11 p.i'in'iijo  alone is deptnel il upon ll is Mot  nee'C'ssaiy lo put the iovv, 111 Iho  ���tables to feeel bian (,'onionimt  hoses or tiouyhs ean he ,111 iing.el in  the lot 01 iusluie vvluio the cows  aio milked and iho loe'd.ii:; bo dono  with veiv llttlo tiouble���St Joins  liepublic '  I xpert <�� iiUfiit,^ It, ,1 tptt'i  Aitist gaidcn-is 111 , .) ipan earn  large salmics 'Ihey aio lerpiircd to  twist nnd duect Joung does until  they assume the shapes of vanous  animals Many of these odd-shnpod  plants aio oxportod to New   York. TIIE INDEPENDEN I.  SATURDAY OCTOBER   11, 1802  THh i��NL��ii�� i-iNDliNT.  1  PUBLISH!)!!     WlililtLX   IN  THE INTERESTS OK T11W ALASSIKi  13V  THE 1NDBPF.NDI5NT PRINTING COMPANY  BASEMENT      OF     FLACK     BLOCK,  HASTINGS S'lTtEET.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN   ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, IC conts; three  months, 36 ct'iila; nix niontlis, 66 conts;  one je-ar, ��1 20  Bndoi.si:d uv the trades and  ifauok council, the vancouver lauoil party and tiie  building trades council  The Independent can always be had  at Gicllowiiy's book store, arcade.  plus of 5,1,500,000 for first quarter of  thc current liseiul year."' Tho .liberal  governuieut or any other government  havo no more to do Willi making progress than the mini In tlie moon.  Throadiic'c'illu mnl Wull Streets rulu the  1'oont���not the govcriuuenls. Set) hovv  powerless the government ol the* United  States is regarding tliu prosperity ot the  coal miners now  on slriku    in  I'ciinyyl-  V.Llllll.  SATUHDAY.  OUTOIIl'.lt   11, 1002  It  is  alleged   that  .several   shoe  shops ���  oponly   violulo  the  eurly-ilosuig   by-law.  especially .somo of iliosu employing Mon- |  gols. |  Roo.scie.lt is asking loo much of the  mineis. Conliscute tiie iiiuies uud touch  llacr und li't, ussoi line plundereis tlieir  place.  If our Savioi wus on earth to-tluy In',  would he soliciting fuiuls to i.ssist the  striking niiiieis iu thun* fight i"i* fair  conditions  It woulil he the laukcst kind of a  mistake Toi the oelitois of our eluily  shoots to lay up tn'iisure' .in heaven.  They'll   never  see  thum.  The hospital anihulanee should he  usod by the loxsili/eri members ol the  City council to convey tliem hack anil  forth fiom  thoir  homes  to  the city hull  The eleiks must bestir themselves jif  they w-unt to maintain the early closing  by-law* The city council has been pe1-  titionei] to change tlie hour oi closing  shoe shops.  There have been hunilieelb of men sent  to then lust account for the commission  of crimes that aie moderate compared  with that which Aline Operator llaer  and his associates ure now  committing  President Iluer, of tlio coal mine opir-  utois of Pennsylvania., is a splendid  specimen ol Iho hypucrlllcu! oclopus,  who, parading us a Cluisluin, is iob-  liiug the* people /of their susienancc*.  Not long .since hu vviote* thai the Christum employees���meaning himself���would  look after the vvellate of lhe people  and hu denounce! the leadeis of the  mineis as unarchisls, etc Let our reail-  cis look well into the cliiuacler of the  two men at llie head of the conleniling  factions liner���tliu glioul���looks^ unmoved upon tiio vviotclic'dness caused hy  tho luck of coal thut fen the poor  uoiilel lob winter oi lis leriois. To him  tins is nothing His callous nutuie demands gold even though lie walks over  the itl.iiiiinatu bodies of hundreds ol  woman and children to ucqiiue it. Piesident jllitcliull, on the other hand, is a  mun vvho, us a child, leanil the stein  lesson of udvoi.sity, mid without the  iluuniing of ic'ligious hypoensy goes  about doing gooel for Ins fellow muni's.  Note the dilli'ieneu ill the unsvveis of  the two men to Piesident Roosevelt's  uppeul for u cu.ssu.tion of the strike on  luiniuiutuiiun gioumis Mitchell���"Yes,  vve will letuin lo vvurk und nie pic-  p.nuil to submit our euso to any impartial tiilninul you may appoint unel  abide by the. icsult " That vvas lhe  answer ol charily and justice, llaei ���  "No, vve an! piepuic'il to lose our foi-  tuiies and imn our mines beioic vve will  iccogni/e the Mine VVoikeis' Union "  Thut was llu: answer of hell.  WANT f0 KEEP OPEN.  Sometimes ono wishes thut the good,  old hell ol Sunday school days' vvas a  reality The people * of America, would  give uo four bits rcaebly to sec Mine  Operator lluei loasled lo a dark brown  finish.  The Chinese aie making big inroads  into the shoe, making and repairing business. Along with o'tlior funis a. couple  of Orientals have* signed a petition to  the city council to c.Mcud the houi ol  closing their shops'. i.  Thc hospitul uiuhiiluiiee should ic-  spond to culls us quickly us the lire  brigade Until it does tins, it is of  very little use. In fact we seu no ica-  soa why the ambulance should not be  connected  with  thc Are brigade.  The labor paper and the people it represents do moie tliun any other mstitu- j  tion to encourage tlie use of homemade goods, but it is noticeable that a  very large number of these firms forget to pationize said labor paper when (  they have advertising to give out. |    I  So fur lilOM has been a yeur of cul-  ami'tics Mount Tclee got hot ami destroyed thousands of people., the coal  miners' strike threatens to leave hundreds without fuel this winter and tins  will no soonei bo settled than the  British Columbia legislature will  meet.  Vancouver's   hoard   of   tiade     is     the  weakest institution  in  thu country, con-j  sidering    the   si/c   of   tho   place,     vvhen  couipaii-d with tliat of New Denver. Tho  latter  plaee  has  but  seven   stoies,   two j  taverns, two saloons, two livery stublcO  a bank, a harbor shop, and two  papers, '  yet  It  supports   a   llounshing  boaril   of  trade. '  Thou: was a petition sent into thc  city council lust Monday night playing  tli.il the hour foi closing shoe shops be  extended one hour. This vvas leleneel  lo the iinauco coiiiiiutti'o. Shoo stores  now elosu at 1", p. in. anil the change  would iiiuke it T o'clock. Following aie  the signutiiies attached to the petition.  F. Kline, ^Vuter street; l'.*C. Oolelheig,  E. Oollllitirg, m.-i Can all stieet, J.  Rubii'owit/, Water street: Chus. Sharp,  Water and Camluu streets; A. Pilon, 313  Catiall stieet; A. Christensen, Westminster avenue. W. II. Morton, Westminster 'avenue. II. Harvey, Oranvillo  street; John 11. Mills, Granville street,  W. II Adair, Robinson sti eel; CJeo. I**,  lames. 13 Hastings street oust; T. J.  Richardson, 19(51 Ccntei sti ret; A.  lladdurd. Thliel avenue. .1. T. Urown,  008 Westminster avenue, James Cairns,  (leoigia street; J. Shaw, 831 Ponder  street,'./. .Cook, lleoigia stieet: Hustings Mill Stoie, Dun'lovy avenue, Polel  Lee, Hustings stieet; Lot Liini, Hastings stieet. Many Evans. 30 Water  stieet,  A.  Colelberg, 209  Can all stieet.  AT THE SAVOY,  'lhe lovers of high class vaudeville  will be given a limit at the Savoy next  week The management of this cosy  theater olTcrs to its , patrons one of the  best and biggest shows ever presented  in Vancouver. Por the feature act the  management lias engaged the world's  Jumotis Leanelo Hi others, comedy athletic marvels���their fust appearance in  this city, also the" gieat Australian  sketch team, Lyndon anil Wrenn. Mr.  Lyndon is the gi cutest skipping rope  ���lancer in thc world Miss Stella Scun-  lou, anolher new faeu to Vancouver, will  sing bur latest eastern lots. Thc Savoy  favoi lies, Post and Ashley, will he seen  in a very funny conieely sketch, "Thc  Haunted Castle" Rny Southard, whoso  sweet voice has charmed the audience  niglitly.-vvill-h.ivc���n- new- budget���of  songs. Annie (ioldio has been ie-i!n-  giigeel und will tull a few of her dialect  stones Lillian Aimstrong anil Jennie  Cilroy will also be in line with then  vi'iv luteal Last, but not h'list, llur-  ki*y   and   Cioix   evlll   piesent     Chus  lifi AIM'KATlOil AND  P. P. P.  The Victoria Tunes ejaculate*- "IVos-  penty under thc Ijibcral rulu. Kiimn-  clFl   statement   pleasant   lending.      Sur-  .1  Ho'ss" tiavesty on thc "J-.��uIy of J^Vons."  .lames l-\ IM'-t, suppoitud hy thu Savoy  stuck coiiipany, will he seen in the funny  imiiffly. "Kaio   Hill."  at  170   Cordova    St.,   Vnncouvcr.  !  e reach wherever the malls  reach.  jf4) t...,44J."��'4)4ya-+99'*"' 99" ' 9*  wage-earners' organization. Second-  While wo arc in wynipatliy with many  of the principles laid down in the plut-  ioriu (they might easily be moro .radical), wo are afraid a party so loosely  oigani��>d might be mado the instrument of one "or other of the (del capitalistic pai tics. Wo havo in our mind  a pobtcal paity organi/ed recently on  .similar lines in this city, which did not  attain a veiy mature ago until it solel  out While wc aro in favor of labor  unions supporting an orguniMd movement for the advancement of working-  class inteiests politically, wc think such  a paity should be clear cut and deiinitc  in its nnn, anil sliould maintain itself  iree from the spirit of compromise or  even a'-suspicion of a connection vvith  any of tlio old capitalistic parties, l-'or  the above reasons wo leconimcnd that  this union do not endorse the Provincial Progressive Party of liritish Columbia. We also recommend the publica-,  tion of tins report in Tho Independent.  Itespectiull.v submitted. (Signed.)  JOHN  S.     MOIWIMKK,  Chairman,  P. WILLIAMS,  -     . C.  13. NKILSON.  t Phenomenal Sale of CJocks  | at Trorcys  9  9  9  9  9  Such  selling has not been kn own before���not even at Trorcy's.  nui'diuil   Clocks  se'lllng  at  Two  50c and 60c ajjiece.  up    you  Wc commenced the sale on Monday,. and  unless  you  hurry  are  Ilnblo  not to get  ono  by   Salutlay night.  The HOC Cloeks arc the regular nickel Alarm Clocks���sell every day  at SI 0() and up. The 00c. cocks nre tno same as tho above but  without the alarm attachment. All are fully wairanted. Only one  clock sold to a customer.    Act quickly.  i      Tbe Jeweler and  Diamond  Merchant     }  i >' COR. ORANVIU.* ANI�� HASTINGS STRMTS. &  i I      Official Watch Inspector ot the C. P. R. *  �����������<��<��-������<�����������'������<�� ���������������������������������������������������  Follow lng report by a special committee was adopted at tin) last meeting of  the Journeymen Tuilors'-Uiilon, No. lFS,  of this cily, and on motion was oreloreil  to bu published i" 'I'lio Inilependeiit:  VANCOUVl.H, 11. C  Tiiuisiiuy. sepi. ar>,  pjoa.  To the Olllceis and .Mc'iuheis   of     Local.  No. ITS, .1. T.  U. of A.:  Vour couiiiiilti, heievviih siilnuils its  tejiort upon two matteis le'fened U>  thein for consideration. (1) The proposed bill for lhe setlli'iiieut of railway  laboi* disputes by compulsory arbitration; (-J) lhe manifests anil plntfoim of  the Provincial l'logicssive Put ly 01  Dilllsh Coliuubiu.  With leguid to the proposed act for  llie siittleuieiit of iiiilwny disputes; your  committee, while in favoi of the piui-  ciple of  CoinpuJsoiy   Arbitiution,  beg to report unfuvoiubly for the lot-  lowing reusons. Pnst���The net is a  purtiul one, as it deals only with lud-  roatls anel ignores othei inelustries. In  oui opinion legislation of this nature  sliould be geneial. Sccoiiil���'l'hu act does  not rceogui/e the labor oigain/ations of  llie various classes of ruihoud employees, not provides ior their icgistiulinn,  but .deals merely with individuals. This  is in our opinion, a most seuous ub-  Je'ctiou, us in the opi'iatiou of llie act  it would work scnous injury to those  oiguni/atioiis which have in the past  been so successful in ])i onioting and  maintaining haimonious iclations between companies and then employees.  Thud���While  Penalizing a Company  in declaring a lockout, there is no provision lor eloaling vvith companies who  nny dischaige their employees on otlier  pietexts than tliat of a dispute in legend to'tonus of einploynieiit. Fourths,  We arc of the opinion that clauses i,  uud T of the act should be sti uek out  (A) Itecuuso taking into consideration  their icspcclivc finuiicml standing, the  fine indicted on the companies is small  in cuuipiuison vvith that inflicted on tho  employees, (b) becuuse while tlieie is no  possibility of knowing of anyone inciting a railway compaiiy to lock out us  employees, or little probability of anyone committing such mi act, the clause  relating to persons inciting 'employees  could be used to  llaruss Those Officials  of labor unions enguged in pcrfoiniing  their lawful duties. Fifth���We object to  clause 01. allowing privacy of proceedings. In every case they should be public Sivlh���We object to palls ol  clauses Itl and 18, which, in the event  of the faduic of the elected arbitrators  to agice upon a chairman,' provides for  the uppoinlitient oi such chairman by  the gov,*rn,oi-in-couiicil. In all pioli-  alnlity somu sycophantic pubticul luvoi-  ltc or nominee of the railway coiiipany  vvouid be the appointee. We suggest the  chief justice ns thiiii-inun of tlie dominion board and judges of the supreme  court us chairmen of tho provincial  bourels. Seventh���We object to subclause "F" of clause 52, granting the  minister of labor  Power to Fix Fees.  In our opinion fees sliould be fixed and  inserted in the act. l.ight���In conclusion we lecoiiimend the opposition of  the union to the act as it stands. An  act that vve vvoultl suppoit should us  least have tlio feature of the New Zealand act. which deals only with labor  that is orguni/eel and through icsponsi-  ble officials of labor unions, and thus,  as the act expressly states, encourages;  instead of menaces, the formation of  labor unions. K.vperiencc has pi oven  there us well as in this countiy that thu  complete orgaiu/iition of labor      is  tlie  .best security of industrial peace  Again, vve leeoinmcnd an act winch  compels the  .Submission  of Mattes  in   Dispute ()m ������;������    is    now    ^cgm/ccl    by  to the board and piohlbits under pen- many o{ Ul0 leading railroads of the  allies, strikes, or lockouts, until un i(OUIltl.v uml ;n Iienrly. every instance  uvvaiil ,s reached, and then h*uves tl,ew(. j,.^ becn a|))c to huvo tlle giiev-  iicccpuu.ee or rejection of the aw aid ,lIR(,s of oUr mc|I nmiculily ndjiisteel  lo    the    parties        concerned. This  wi(|���mt  resorting  to  stiil.es.    In  sev-  couise      would,    in our        opinion ',   instuIlc(,a   jn   tl,0      ,,ust y���m*  oui  serve  in     a     large     measure     to     pre- ,,���������  in  Vlll.i0iis  brunches  lmve secured  vent strikes and lockouts, as the  public' j���,,,,mi,H  tl0m  t(.n   to  twenty  per cent  would after  ,���,  impartial   aud  tl.o.ough I witl)01|l   hl,'Mltf,.  examiiiatlon  Into  the facts  of  the case,  bu    iu  ii position   to cxpiess  an  unpie-  Jiullceil  opinion,  anil  an  organi/atlon of  employees oi   a. coiiipany  which      would  then   act   In   the  face  of   this      opinion  would deservedly com t disaster and  de-  feiil.     Wo further  recommend   that co|i-  ii's  ol   this  ic'i.ort be  forwarded  to    the  Hon  ���William  Mulock,  minislci   of laboi;  Italph  Smith,  M.   P.;   A.   W.   Puttee,   SI.  P.,  and  lo The Independent for publication.  TIIK P.  P.  P.  With   regard    to   the     manifests      anil  ptalfoini   of   the   Provincial   Progiessivu  Paily oi  Ibitish  Columbia we also  hee;  to  i-epoit unfavorably,  the party has not a sufficiently  CAR WORKERS.  On Junimry 16, 1900, the car workers  of Hulialo organized under the name of  "Local Union SI 14, American Federation of Labor." Subsequently- there  vvciu many other fedciul loculs 'instituted comprised of men in our craft.  'J ho membership continued to grow,  and about one year later, or on May  22, 1.101, the several locals mot in convention in Bullalo and formed an intei national body known as the International .Association of Car Woikers.  They applied to the American Federation of Labor for a charter, and on  September 30, 1901, it vvas granted.  Soem after tho first local was organ-  i/eel in UulTnlo while tlie order was yet  yount; and members inexperienced in  neaily every way became imbued with  a spiiit of unrest on account of the  low wages und long hours. The ael-  vnnce in tho price of living made it  impelutivo that the men receive higher  wages.  .Requests wore made for nn increase  of wages. This being lefuscd tho men  declined a strike, which was won in  iuht days, the men having been  granted the advanced scale asked for,  whicli amounted to twenty-two anel  oiio-luiU'-per-cont- increase.���Thus -the  first sti ike of the Car Workers vvas a  great victory.     s O  Nol withstand ng nil tliu ilisailviin-  tagi's vvith whicli wo lmve had to contend ami tliu many obtluclcs in oui  way, it is doubtful if any intenin-  -tioiml oigiiui/uliou has had a moie  healthy giowth than ours. Tlm pios-  pecls for our union nre oncournging  und wc believe! that it vvill not lie  lung befoie wo become one (>' tliu lending oignni/ations under Llie Ameiiciui  I'eileration of Lubor.  The Intei national Association of Cm  Woiki'i's onibinccs nil men employed  upon thc.constiiicliori nnd maintenance  of enis, including car oiler5, car inspectors, ain-bruko insiicctors, air-  First���nccaiisc i_,ni|vC repaircis, car builders nnd car  licicntly definlto icpaireis.���Secretary A.  1).  Wheeler, in  DressiM Robes, House Coats.  DRESSING   Honp.H.���This1 week' wc aro  showing     a    handsome  rango     of  dressing robes foi- meii and boys.'Tliey arc of tho best Knglish  material. Sonxr-  wilh silk quilled collar and culls,  others with collar and culls of samo material  ns robo��,   but of: brighter color.   Prices from J8.00 to $10.50  HOUSIO COATS���In all tliu latent citations by the best manufacturers in  London.    Kng.     Priced     from  S!>.00  tofl-00  HATH KOHKS���In a great variety of colors, all good quality. From 14.50  to JM.50. ���       ���  DAT)! MATS $1.25���See our window ami then como In and soo tho bal-  uneo of the stock.    Wc feel suro wo can satisfy tho taste of tlio most fastidious  JIall  orders   reeclvu  pruiimt  iiltentlou.  CLSJBB   & . STEWAKT,  Tklephone 702.  309 to 315 Hastings St. W.  political ideal to merit the support of a.  Fedcrationist.  ����� ����������������������� ����������������������������������� ��������������  easily...  Lengthened  ABSOLUTE  COMPiUaHBNBIVB  FAITHFUL  GENUINE  INEXPENSIVE  PROFIT'ABI4_a  RELIABLE  SAFE  SURE  TRUSTWORTHY  ?  Of what otlier Investment than Life Insurance can all them ad-  Jectlvce be as truttifullly descriptive! Any one or two place a security In a hteb class; all combined make it noteworthy. Many  more might Justly be applied to Life Insurance���THE investment ot  the age.  UNION MUTUAL POLICIES are every whit In line In progree-  elveness, values and privileges���contracts that not only aim to  protect but really do in the minutest particulars. All facts cheerfully furnished free.  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plana  v  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.       ^}"  r  ���  "����������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������  VOU   COMPULSORY    ARBITRATION.  Tho dclcgutes from Wlmiijiog to the  llerlin convention of the Trades and  Lnbor Congress of Canada say that tho  Winnipeg trades^ council knows tbut in  compulhory arbitration tlieie ih hope of  progn'ss, and heliovcs that tne Trades  und Lnlior UoiiBre.ss ol Canada muilo a  lng mistake in turning the principle  down. Aloro delegate's' than one cx-  presM.nl theiiiselvcs on the subject nt this  meeting, nnel it resulted In tho adoption  of a motion to provide a committee  <to draft u compulsory arbitration hill  that would he, applicahle to the province of'Manitoba. Tho bill will be prepared and ii satisfactory, efforts mny  be mado to havo it introduced in tho  local     legislature. The     committee:  Messrs.  11. Tlioins, L.  E. Naucr. A. W.  Pulti-o,  M.  P.; J. Hyo anil T. Hitson.  We commend the following, from one  of cur exchanges, to our readers:  "Don't shirk on your work and 'exi ect  yoir union to uphold you, for that is  not the principle or object of a union.  Do gcoil, honi'Kt, faithful work and  tl erohy prove '" your pmploycr that it  nuvp in em Io utiio i Inio* und  encourngi hi in a d others to do so."  i m villi  From Their nanalmo, booth Held aad  Protection IeUue) ".olllerlee,  Steam9 Gas  and  Blouse Coal  Of the Following Gradoa:  Double Screened L,uixip,  Run of the Mine, ,  Wo��h��d Nut and  8creealnn��  B/MDH1, M. ROI1IN8, guperlntondent,  EVANB, COLKfMAN & KVANB, AgeDta  Vani "iivor rilv  B r  Pacific  Imjiortcr* and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   -FH0NR 783.  60I.E AGKNTl..  THERE IS  of Fire or Injure  HcalA when you use  the  Thc .price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it-  Once used, always  used Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  "     Streets.  iee0oooeoeeo��oeeosooooe0  DELICBOUS WINE    |  IUds Exclusively fboh n. C. Fiuoir.    v  FEESH CUT FLOWERS   UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC ClOABB.  When maklne a trip around tbo  Park call ou  Witt   ,lniu>�� Brockton Point  eeosoaoeoeooeeotMi  Xxy&&&i&iM:  und  BrA_^BrB^  LINE  Worlds  Scenic  Route  BEST'SERVICE  LOWEST RATES.  Imperial Limited  96 Hours to Montrenl���Tuesdays, Thursdays and 'Saturdays.  Transcontinental     Pasaenger   TTuini  leavon dally at 14 o'clock.  Seattle and Whatcom Kxpn'bi le'.i>-i*��  dally at 9.05 o'clock.  EMPRKSS OP INDIA JUI.Y 2��  TARTAR   UJOliST 4  BMWiBSfl OF JAPAN  ..  A .'OUST IS  SAILINGS   POR   HONOLULU    AND  AUSTRALIA.  MOANA , JULY 25  MIOWERA '.AUGUST 2S  And every four weeks thereafter.  Por full particulars as to time, rates; '  etc., apply to  a J. COYIiB, JAS. SCIMTBR.  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent  Vancouver, B, O.    428 Hastings Bt.  Vancouver, B.C.  vi  ���^1  ' <!  f   A  it  I  "��� il  ���  ���-  - if  .  f  / ~w> irtrrii'h.SjWi'iea^.,  SATURDAY....  .-.OCTOBER   11, 1903  THE INDEPENDENT.  'PHONE ire.  P. 0. BOX 29C.  ���W. J, McMILLAN & Co.,  Wholesale Agkntb fob  STUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brands i  MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA, BODQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JD6TILL0,  EL CONDOR, SARANTI2AD0S, SCHILLER,  Corner'Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver) B. 0.  ���OO  for Qood Reliable  ���00  oots and Shoes  GO TO  R. MILLS, The Shoe Mm.  mm FROM THE  COMING TOWER.  BY REX.  ySlTho conning tower nl a modern battleiihlp is  KU a hhhII armored pilol houso ut llie forward  ond ol ilio ship, from which the captain  makes his observations and directs the  course ol his vessel. Iu times of war or  peace, in calm or storm, it Is a vantage  point from wnleli lo sec things.  Il thus be  t>  conies u happy symbol of tlio attitude of  one wbo loves to lout out over lhe wldo sen  ir,     of human life, Hnd report his connotations.]  V The new cloaks .worn by tho Indies  moke us laugh. They look liko meal  ['jacks. ,  A   great   many   men   think   tliat   tbey  San't do business unless 'they occupy the  .rout seat at church.    Vancouver is not  ([exempt from this class.  ['  ~  lY All    ncwly-iiiurricd  couples  act     hilly,  fy pie majority  like fools.    It is   sad  to  t| think, however, that a few* raoqths'.iex-  i .-erience cures them-of ���caif^lftvefi Jg.i  Whenever  you  see a married    woman  lugging  a      poodlo  dog,, around  iu  her  arms you can  make up your mind that  .here is a henpecked husband at home. '   =T iV'fMi.    .i... ,  ,, Whenever  wo  seo  a young    man  sm-  l - . '--       '       '      ,  ||j rounded by girls,  wo think of the days  nVWhen he will bo old.-ahd Uioro'wiUjnot  jf/P/io a soul to  hrubh  the crumbs oil his  float.  f   Wo   admire   an, enemy  that ;lsvvfi anlt.'  I ��>, * ��� i> .     ,< il  'inioncst and opcli. The sneaks that 'go  '���' oelund your buck and stab fiom behind  ,'^ro the ones to fear. They never give  ��hcir victims a chanco to defenel them'  elves.. ���    '  J3o careful what you say.    If you havo  io  good   woids     to   speak   about   your  |( neighbor,  thcnjsuy      nothing.     Fcibons  Awho   utter  gossip,   scandal   and   slander  Ijnay    beliovo ..'themselves'    entertaining,  may  believe  that  their  poisoned words  win  tliem fucnds.    Thoy  arc  mistaken.  Such a man or,woman is distrusted.  a German newspaper, and. printed in  German, 'and abked whoro tlio person  mentioned lu the advertisement could tic  found, lie addcel apologetically that ho  had been in hard luck, and a friend had  advised hun to call on tho party in  eiuestion and see what she would tell  him. A glanco down thu blip of paper  showed that it was the advci tiscment  oi un ' iisirologin" of a��in>'og,;r," Mho  had an oflice somewhere. Tho man 'in  bad luck wns advised to have nothing  to elo with such fakirb ab abtiologcib,  but l.'i wns dctei mined lo asO'i '.um v\ i,.\t,  clicct 'hib uiisiortiincs had had ou the  movement of the iixed btais���and elesu-  cel uo advice. He had no ovmcoat oi  umbiellti, but sliuck out in thc pouring  r.iin to hunt ioi the oillec oi the "as-  tioiogor"  A Hoio.  Wo notlic thnt/l,lackl|]fIcDavitt, a bar-  tende)   at ono  toi, ib playing  the crowds  . flp.iDav.lt ..��as only opt i liMe,  '  Astrologer,  lie   wus   a   walorji'jcjip'il,   knock-knecil.  diuiiihling, cheap-kjo|cii)g bpecimeu of hu-  inatuty, sucli as some people bay can be  bought    in  departmental btorcs  in liun-  l^vllcs containing aLdozen at fivo cents a  (bundle,  and ho'was hunting for an "ns-  flflltrologoi."    Iio stopped a man  light in  ��j|, [front    of    Mio entrance of The  Indopin-  fTdcnt ollice one day recently    when    tlio  U.rain was coming down  in liogshendl'uls,  L and prcsenteel an advertisement cut from  tmlu in the'Clianvllle ho-  tho"pnrl'oi u hero in Seattle. JIcDavitt is well known by the  sporting clement in this .city. Wliv lm  IiomtViunet! thc naiuc. "hcio" is all on  account of finding tlie mayor of Seattle.  You didn't know tliat the Mayoi of Ihu  ���Quclin^-Clty was , lost . Well, ,1m was,  and ,.McI)uvilt lound hun. lt .seems Umt  Mayor llumcb, ol Seattle', went hunting,  not mnny uiobiis ago, anel iwas lost foi  Uvo elnys 1'uitics were'organized to  ioarcji^ ior the Iirad al Seitttlo's'' city  govcijiiLiiiciitijiiiid  in one ol  Was .lliclc. JiLi:  �� , ' - ,, ,,  an  lioin   wlil'ii    lie   discovcicd   '"Muydr  Humes seutcel on a log, eating! a bit ol  ,nw rabbit. Juck rushed 'toi hiin 'dull,  was slinking hands and cemgititillating  the 1'iiiyoi* in liuding hem wt'lt, e't.* .  when some nt tlie other men, who Imn  been hunting hun, including '.he uinyors  two sons, came lushing up. MlP.iini  evas given a wiite-up ui scveinl papcis  in .Seattle, and it doesn't cost hint a  cent to cat unel dilnk now Ho is a  hoio in tlio eyes ol Seattle's mayor, and  will, no doubt, be ohoiuel cither the position of chief oi dclCLlives or dog  ciuchei. Most likely .the lattei. Anyhow, "Jack" .is n great, big, famous  hero, and don't you foi get it.  0����ee��e��ee>0ce��.����������*  ? Overall Clothing  *M  9  - . *  1/9  I  -0  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  The icnl  test of    Oveinlls    is a  weai. O  Those  thnt    Inst    longest  and ���  nevei   ilp are    the   cheapest  to ���  buy and the best to vein. , *  UNION    BRAND OVERALLS ���  nie the most dumble,  therefore a  the most economical.   Tliey nre 9  mnde at thc  best material, cut, 9  .sewed, and reinforced J>y experl- ���  enccd Union Labor. ��  LOOK FOR OUR BRAND        a  ON THE TICKET. 9  9  Stands Every Test.  ���      ������"--  ������  ���     oveinllb  a  9  )9  '���TII1>  (LIMITED )  MAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPEG, HAN.  > e  9  9  *��������ffio@��a������8��9��#������0  ingenious  Adveitising,  Theie bcenib to bo no limit^ to the  ingenious bcbcines 01 bubincss men to ud-  veitiso 1ns wares, ami a man who happens to Walk along the street thosu  days linels himself ejaculating, "Well, 1  vonih"- what, they'll lu iljug n* xi'  While tlieie  appeals  lo   be  no  drop     in  the number.of���whole pngo__ndvertiso-  liicnls in the monthly magiuitics and  daily newspapers,j ami while tlieie is  scaiccly a spot 01 haunt on eat Hi without its immense sign, telling vou to use  someone s pills, or somebody's soap, the  aelvei Using people pay buge sums of  iiioni'.v foi slill newer iiiethoels foi a  "busitii'ss-fi'tching" ad while Keeping up  Ihcn unstinted usage 01 the olel mediums Thu latest of ' theso nowoi  si lieuiLS is tin* Kite sign. K.lcs nie 111-  tuihcd to a giiu/t) Hlgn nnd hold lhe ml-  viillscnii'ut high In thet sky, whilo Iiuij-  eli.'dh of people giuo nnel stiutch llii'lr  necks,   unel   rend   tho   worels,   as   the   tn-  Auotliur  Ilcucribcil  geneially, tliu "living sign" Is a per-  ion, who Willi souiu kind uf an ottd  diess 01 "make-up" walks about the  streets atti acting the attention of the  peoplo 01 eiovvd, with a sign painted on  the back containing the announcement  that Kurt/Is cigars, or mnybo some  other biiind, 1110 the bust on caith, Ono  would think tiiese poor icllows would  get tired walking aiound all.Jay, elresscd  up in outlaneVish costumes, for SI.50 a  das.    B"t tho living sign^ has the    de-  venloi   Intended   tliey    should,  sclu uie  Is  the" "living sign "  sired effect, for the striking suit or  dress is sure to induce tho spectators to  tell their friends about tho man with  tlio "funny suit" when they reach the  olllce or their homes.  Once Moro thu Microbe.  The microbe philosopher has been at  work again. It Is fortunate that for  tho most purl���at least, when he developed (ur leeeeles) into n downright  ���'crank"���he Is American, uml. therefore,  li-iv i'i,,. so' much opporluii't'' to Imn.M-  unci uusettlu us, un If ho lived In Drll-  isll Columbia. Wu have already heard  thut upon no account sliould vvo hniiella  bank notes, or oven thu humble five-cent  piece, lest somo pestiferous mite, 011  mischief intent, should spring upon our  linnds. Tho luxury ot being bhaved at  a burlier shop Is, says tho microbe expert, attended by "��� host,of dangers,  .whilst even the gentle act of kissing can  only bu indulged In ut tho risk of heallh  nnel sometimes life itself. The latest  warning I.s from the lanel wheie ."yellow" papers and "yellow" cranks live  on tliu tut of < the land���tlio United  States, for in, that country, no matter  how unreasonable or silly the tlienio  may be, there is always plenty of pco-  iplo to beliovo and follow tho teachings  or sayings 0'. cranks nnl raiisiios; ;��t  men present what thoy will as a hobby.  This lato scheuio is to tho effc��t that  some ��� doctors gravely declare, that the  ^vvaviug of a .handkerchief on tlio platform of a station or wharf to a departing friend is a practice dangerous - to  public health.. They assert, .and in no  jocoelous mood, thut innumerable germs  are thus let loose tliat wore lying concealed in the) folds of tlie handkerchief.  Surely, wc havo now reached the uigh-  wator mark of medical fanaticibm It is  suggested that theso germ faddists, or  cranks of the "yellow" school, shall  they persist in thus "piling up lmngin-  aiy tcrrois foi a woild that has never  injured them," should bo placed together in a room "vvhero all the germs of  their imagination have been in leality  let loose." It is pretty certain that  something  will  have   to   be   etone   soon  (  It is unnecessary to assert our rights as  Founders and Makers in Canada of Tailor-  made Garments Ready-to-Wear.  Casually glance at well dressed men as  seen in the various walks of life.  Look at the Label in the pockets of their  garments.  And you will find that the vast majority  wear  Union Directory.  c  THE) VANCOUVER TRADES AOT>  Labor Council meets first and thlr��  Thursday ln each month, at 7:30 p. n.  President, W. 3. Lamrledc; vlco-preflldeJH,  F. 3. Russell: seoretary, T. H. Cross; fltt-  andal secretary, J. T. Lllley; treasurer.  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms, C J.  Salter; statistician, J. H. Browne.         Tho Pope's Successor.  Of all tho crazy stuff that finds its  way into the newspapers by way of  wire or pen or scissors, the criuicst is  tiio recunent item to the clicct that  Tope  tco  Xllt.   has   chosen   his  succes-  ,ll   1'llllw, , 1   ,  sf)r, .,11.1s named hint in his will, etL  Pope Leo XIII. 'cliti' no menu choose his  successor than Mayor ��� Ueelunels can  choose hib successor t'o' 'lli'u mayoralty  The successor to the pope will be named  in a conclave, and that conclave may  nnino tho man m half an houi 01 it  may tako up a niontli in ihiiiig so, just  as a deadlock may occur in un clcitoi'nl  district in this countiy. It might be  tliat the man tho pope most loved of  all about hun should bo Lhosen, but it  vvouid not bo on account, of the pope's  regurd. The conclave "may meet aftei  Leo's, death withi,two cundidntcij for  !ious|{$ji'ution, I or ,-iv ith twenty. They  )Vj|J not bo,j;pveined 111 thou choice by  Zinythilig.Lifp'xiII may lmve said on  tho subject. The Roman Conclave is  not "bussed" by a pope when he is  elcnd. Theio is no inuillibility attacli-  .ng to a dead man, however holy When  the pope elies there is no pope to dictate anj thing The fact 01 tlio mattci  is that tho election of a pope is a matter dctei mined by u multitude of coo-  siilcialionb, leaving out of the c|ucstie>u  tho accepted belief of Catholics that tlie  selection is inspned from on high, and  theso considerations icacli out into all  the ramifications "of intei national polity  and into the conditions of the' chinch  111 eveiy land under the sun. The cni-  dinalb woik just aa hard for then* individual choice as men work for then  caiiilidatcs 111 our local elections, but  they have the good sense, inbred by  ages 01 evpeuence, not to make thou  lights in public. They never elect a  man pope concerning whom anyone can  ebg up any cliargcb made by the oppo-  sitiou_prioi_to_the_sc*Iectlon Thc_uleu  that tho pope sole'cts his own succossoi  is a suiiotblitlon that is leilicuious. If  lie dlel'nninu lus succcbsoi in his will,  theiCi is 110 more guarantee tliat it woulel  be lalided by the conclave than tlm e\-  cciilois of an oidlnury person deceased  would tiy to eloliver to some bcueficii 1 y  lhe heaviest 01 pioperty lights in the  moon Wluil tlio pope says ns head of  tiie ehuicii is law, but when Iho pope  is deiui Iht'iu is uu law but the conclave'  anil the conclave' must iniiko the pope  befoie he hoeoiues Mtptcmc. Tlie e\-  pliinations of the selectlnus of |u,p,*s  have alevnys been ex post' fm tn  Viuiotib inlleicuccs havo been assigned to  account for tiie choice of onu man 01  auothei, but the fact has always been  that tliu inan selected may have been  chosmi foi a thousand ami one reason**  allcgetl by outsldei s, but his individuality soon declares tho fact that ho was  chosen for but one icason, that being  tliat ho scemcil the man best quallfioel  in eveiy way to maintain the solidity  and prestlgo of tlio institution ovei  whose moral ilBstinieH Iio was called to  preside. Tho papacy Is not an absolution in the sense that its occupant can  I  itHeform  Wardrobe  333 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B. C.  Self-Measurement Blanks and Samples on Amplication.  Mail Orders Prom|>tlY Attended to.  name his successor. The oflice is elective anel the action of any pope tending  to dcstioy the elective principle would  be of uo effect, for the conclave is jealous Of its rights and its members are  possesbed of just, enough human nature  to wish to exerciso a great prerogative  without regard to thc dictation of a  man scveial days dead. There's only  one thing certain about the next pope's  lelentity, and that iy, tnat he will bo  an Italian. One! may have hib opinions  of the advisability of conferring the of-  lico * of a universal spnitual luler to  inuuibcis ol uny one nationality, but  the Italians have the votes in the conclave and the votes, as we say, "do the  business." Tho Italians diave a. genius  ior polities. Most of them arc .on the  giound all thc time They know'lithe  men,most available and they have tho  (list candidates in the'field Then they  light out the battlo with piaycis and  Hustings, but the rcbult is always the  choice of an Italian This is a human  e\planatlon of tho mattci. Itoinan  Catholics believe that tho choico is divinely inspired. Others may doubt  that, but what is. Is, and in a spmt  01 no irrevcicnce, it may be said, that  if thc choice of a majority of a choosing body is not the choice ot God there  is no security that aiiy other choico  rould be so Tho pope's election con-  \evs no authority to name his successor.  John T. Mortimer, known in all parts  of Canada on account of his creditable  career in the labor movement in Winnipeg, has afflliated with the Vancouver  Local of tho Socialist Tarty. It is only after an earnest study of lnbor politics that he has dono so and at tho so  cialist" sociai"]ast Saturday_he_te)olt~oS"  cnslon to give expression to his views.  "1 havo been connected with labor unions, trades councils, labor congresses,  independent labor parties, etc., for  mnny yeais, but I have como to the  eoiicliislon that It Is onlv by organizing  1111 uncompromising class conscious socialist party that tho working clnss can  eier hopo to better its condition Half  v ay parties can only hopo to exist  llnougli compromise and compromise  can only result in cnntlniifil exploitation of tho overworked masses. Now*  that the socialists of liritish Columbia  aio uniting upon it clear cut platform  und      thc        women aro       enrolling  themselves ns worke-is for socialism I havo evory hopo of a Mic-  n'slful campaign of education for socialism and I will all In my power to aid  it "���Western Socialist.  .lames Connolly, i>f thc IiMl So-  rialisv-Ropublicnn piuly, lias niriveel  at Now York '10m Dublin. Ho vvill  mako n tour of tho United States nnd  vvill lecture under tho auspices of tho  Socialist Labor party.  SOCIALIST PLATFORM.  ,,,   ___ "  --ft.  Following, is the platform adopted by  the 1 Racialist convention held List wcok  in this city'for submission to the differ-,  cut socialist leagues for their endorsement: *      ,  We, the Socialist Tarty of B. C, in  convention asseniblctl. afliim our allegiance to anil support tho principles and  progi amine of the International revolutionary working clasa  Labor pioeluces all wealth and to labor it should' justly belong. To the  owneitof the means'of wealth production belongs the product of laboi. The  capitalist system is based upon pnvate  or capitalist ownership of the means of  wealth production, therefore all tho pio-  elucls of labor belongs to the capitalist  The capitalist, is mnstor, the woi king-  man  is  slave. , ,,, (l  So long ns thc capitalist remains 111  jiossession of the reins of government  all, tin' poweis of the piovinu* will oo  useel to protect and defend their pioperty rights in the, moans of wealth pioduction and then control of the pro-  tuict of labor.  Tho capitalist system gives to the  capitalist an ever swelling stream of  pioflts, und to the worker an ever inci casing nieasurc 01 misery anel degrtitl-  atlon.  The interests of the working class hes  111 tho direction of sotting itself fieo  fiom capitalist exploitation bv the abolition of tho.wnge system. To accomplish this necessitates tho transformation of capitalist property in the means  of wealth production into collective or  working class  pioj.eity.  1. The tiansfoimalion, as ropully as  between the capitalist and the worker is  lapidly culminating in a struggle for  possession of the powers of govci nment,  tho capitalist to hold; the woiker to se^  curo it by' political action. This is thc  class struggle. ,  ���2 Thorough and democratic organi/a-  crs to organize under the bannerol the  Socialist Party of D. C. with .the object of conquering the public powers  for the purpose of setting up and cn-  loicing the economic piosrrammo of the  working" clossT'iuT follows",      '  1. Tlie transformation, as rapidly ns  possiblo, of capitalist property in the  means of wealth nroeiuctlon (natural resources, factories, mills, railwavs, etc.)  into thu collective property of tho working class.  Thorough anil democratic organization and management of industry by the  vTorkers.  y. Tho establishment, ns speedily us  possible, of production for use in lieu  of production  for profit  1 The Socialist l'aity when in oflice.  shall always and eveivevhoie until the  present sysirni Is iilleilv abolished,  niiiku Iho answer 10 this iiiieition Its  guiding 1 ule of conduct Will this legm-  liilinn adviinci! the' inli'ii'sts nf lhe  woiking class anil mil llu> woikeis in  llieir class stiuggle against 1 apitalisiii  If It dues, thu SoLinllkt 1'iiilv is foi it,  If it iIoch not, lhe Socialist l'ntlv Is  iibsoluloly opposed to It.  S. In accoidnnco with lliis piliielple  tho Socialist Parly pludges ftscli lo  c-oneluct all thu public annus plnred 111  ils linnds in such a niannei as lo pio-  molu tho Interests of Uie woiking tlass  alone.  SHIRT WAIST AND LA1INDIW-  WORKHRS UNION, No. 103���Meets  every 2nd and 4th Thursday In each,  month In Union Hall. President, G. W.  Rowlands; corresponding secretin'/, H-  Alltree, 1027 Richards Street;- financial  aecretnry, Miss M. Whitman: trcasureiv  Miss Jcolouse; delegates to Trades awl  Labor Council, G. XV. Rowlands. J. Har-  Sle, W, McDermott und I. J. Colthart.  JOURNEYMAN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION. No. 120-Preb dent.  Fred Hawe; vice-president, J. A. Dlbden.  corresponding-financial seoretary, J. A.  Stewart, 61 Cordova St; recorder, Is. H.  Goodmurphy; treasurer, G. Bower,  guide. A. H. Legatt; guardian, G. Bowers; delegates to T. & L. Council, J. A.  Dlbden and Fred Hnwo. Meets first an��  third Wednesdays of each month m  Union Hall.   WAITERS AND WAITRESSES UNION.  Local-No. 28. President, Charles Over;  vice-president, A. N. Hcrrlngton; secretary-treasurer, J. H. Perkins. Meeting  every Friday evening at 8 30 o'clock ln-  Unlon Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmulr  etreets.  '        .  VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 220, meets "tho fourth Monday  In each month at Union Hall. President,  C. S. Campbell; vice-president, H. W.  King; seoretary, S. J. Gothard; p. O. box-  06; treasurer, Geo. Wilby; sergeant-at-  arms, A. F. Arnold; executive committee, F.W. Fowler, G. E. Pierrott, W.  Brand, Robt. Todd: delegates to Trade*  and labor Council. W. Brand, S. J. Gothard. F. W. Fowler.        i  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION-  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  each month In Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue'and Hastings Street-  at 8 p. m. President, Robt. Brunt; vice-  president, Chas. Bennett; secretary, A.  G. Perry, 33 7th Avenue; treasurer, F. C.  O'Brien; conductor, Ed. Manning; warden, A. J. Wilson; sentinel, J. Howcsf  delegates to Trades and Labor Council:  C Bennett, Robt. Brunt. Geo. Lenfesty.  A, 3. Wilson and J. Howes.   UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Weelnesday In Unloi��  hall, room No. 2. President, A. E. Coffin;  vice-president. Joseph Dixon; recordings  secretary, Geo Dobbin; Ilnancial secretary, J. M. Sinclair; treasurer, J Ferguson; conductor, G. Flngley, warden, G.  H Blair; delegates to the Trades and  Labor council, R. Macpherson, J. M.  Sinclair, Geo. Dobbin, Jos Dixon, Geo.  Adams; delegates to the Building Trades.  Council. M. McMullen, Levi G. DeWolfe.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS, Vancouvor Union, No. 151 ���  Meets the first and third Monday In each-  month at 8 p. m., in Union hall. Homer  street. President, Rnbert Grav; financial  secretary, George Nesbltt, 1207 Homer  street: recording secietary, D. Robinson,  box 37, Vancouver, B. C ; delegates to��  the Trades and Labor council, William  Latham, D. Robinson, R. Edwards.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION. No. 113, W.  F. 11., meets every Saturday ut 7.30 p.  m. ln Forester's Hall, Van Anda, President, John D. Fraser; vlee-presldcnt, J.  W. Austin; secretary, Alfred Raper;  treasurer, A. G. Delghton: conductor,  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patterson.^ ,.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OS*  Electrical Workers, Vancouver Local,  No. 213���Meets second and fourth Tuesday  in eaeh month In Union hall, room No. 4.  President,, Geo Cowling; v ice-president,  R. P. Irwin; recording secretary, A. D.  Hotson, 636 iRI&idrds street; financial  secretary, John Dubberley,   CIGARMAKERS' UNION ,NO. 307���  Meets the flrst TucRdny in each month:  In Union Hall. President, C. L Kuhn;  vice-president, C. Parsons: secretary, J.  C. Penser, c)o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergennt-at-  ���irms, J.' Schuylmcj er: delegates t��  Trades and Labor Council, J Crow, C L.  Kuhn and John Mlllan. ,   THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'BrIen'3 Hall, tho first aa*  third Tuesdays of eaoh month. D..Mo-  Lean, president; W. J. Lamrick. ����ot��-  tary,, 248 Princess Btreet,   BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND<  ' DECORATORS Local Union No. IW.  Meets 2nd & 4th Thursday hi Labor HalL,  President, W. Pavler; \ lce-preaiaent, W.  Halliday; recording secretary, E. Cruet,  707 Eighth avenue, west: financial secretary, A". Gothard, 822 Howe street: trcaa-  urer, H. MeSorley.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF"-  Machinists���Beaver Lodge, No. MS.���  Meets second and fourth Monday ,Int  each month ln Union hnll President. ��  R Edwards: vice-president. Fred Knight?  ri'cording secretary, (3eo Dovvnev ; ilnancial secretary, H J Littler. 573 Hastings;  street east; tie.isurer, E Tlmmins;  guard, F. Coughlin.   VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S  Union, No. 2���Meets In Union hall.  Homer street, everv Saturday, at 8 p. in.  Steve Dames, president, Chas Durham,  secretary pro tem.   JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' ATstD CONFECTIONERS' International Union of  America, Local No AO, Vancouver, B.C  President, T. Baxter; vicc-ipiesldent. J.  Ingles; recording secretaiy, F. W. Bar-  tie, financial secretary, M. MaeLean, 2169-  Westminster Avenue, Mount Pleasant;  coi responding secretary, J. Webster, 2S4t  Westminster Avcue. Mount Pleasant;  treasurer, J. Wilkinson. ,  MAlKH A MOTION AT THB NEXT  MEETING OF TOUR UNION TO INSTRUCT THB SECB.TARY TO COMMUNICATE THE NEWS CONCERNING TOUR CRAFT TO THE INDEPENDENT.     ���  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION.  OF ASHETtlCA, No 178���Meets lst anelr  3id Mondays In 100m 1, Union Hall.  Piesident, C Wlinlcn; vli-e-piesldent,  F. Logg, recording becietory, F. Williams, 1811 7th Ave. XV.; financial secretary,    T.    Wood;    treasurer,    W.    W.  Toombs; sergevint-at-aims, T._ Mat���__  thews.  UUILDERS' LA..0UKRS VKDEKAU  UNION, No. 'M. Vuiiiiiiiw'i-JIpcW  every Thnrselay I'veiiinir ut S o'clock*  in room No. 1, Unjon Hull, l'le'sielont,  Fred. Collins; ���secii'tniy, II. Sellers,.  Western Hotel: elelefuii'b to lliulilinifl  Trnelcs Council, 11. Si'lloii, Chus Foley nnd John Sully.  makiu a smriALTV op , .  o    Dennr's special il .ueur, oiso ��� ���  o-   ushefs biock umei uoueiir hmskv  -LA ltd K 8TOCK OF-  IMI'OKTKI) AND I10MK8TIC  . Ctyars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  ��� Coinkh Cordova and Caxrali.,  HOTEL NORTH VANCOUVER.  A delightful 'summer resort: strictly  first-class and up-to-dnle ln every respect.  Terms, $2 per day, 510 per week; special  rates for families. Snckllo ironies, horses  and rigs always on hand for visiting tho,  Capllano, well known for Its excellent  Ashing and shooting. Boats for hire anj;  time.  iBand every Sunday afternoon.  P. LARSON. Prop.  1  I       "I  !   !  j* 'j  ��   'y  i ���  '1 1  :X.  -    ���!.  '  ���\  1  , * y1  t  '  , 1  I  ?    t  \ ,  -  -  1  ^         *"  J.      * ,'  ���"Jo        **.  A1  "i>"  "^  !i\��'  *,  \,  1 "������  .->   '-'  A  .       \  '          \     1  'Vv;. Y  MONUMENT TO BURNS  PUI  IB]  BAf  A  mot  one  en;  j  Tl  at <  SA:  It  opoi  ospe  gols  R.  mln  Bae  plai  If  woi..  strl  con'  It  mis  shei  The  T  use*  citj  fori  T  thc  by-  titi  she  1  to  of  wil  an,  ole  rce  gii  Op  fin  1  int  ine  of  the  clo  1  spe  bri  voi  SOC  COB  ���i  res  tio .  ma  vci|  got  ���th��  um  btr  mi  dre  wi'  Br  1  wo  sid  coi  lat  ta*  a i  yei  tri  pei  clr  TORONTO    SCOTCHMEN    UNVEIL  STATUE OF THE POET.  B��v. Prof. Clark'. Grand EuUty-(Jue>-  tlon of Euro.' G��nlui flail Hint Au-  ���wand bj- Mankind-Held Recognition  aa Scotland'! lir.at.ii rrom tho Kir��i  lull, of His H'��rli>-A sincere Wrilar  ��� Hla Glory,   III. Siiugi,,  In Allan Gardens, Toronto, on July  21, 1002, the lUOlh anniversary of  the dentil of tin, Scottish poet, Kobert Hums, the Scotchmen of Toronto unveiled their 'costly'nnd .bountiful statue to hallow und perpetuate  the memory of the bnril. The illustration shows tlio monument und ono  of the beautiful panels. The eulogy  of 1'rof. Clark was so line, .so oiigm-  al, so typical of the best Cnnuiluin,  or Scottish-Canadian, thought, lhat  lt is here reproduced. Prof. Clurk  snid:  It would be superfluous for me to  remark tlmt 1 regard it ns a very  great honor to ho perinitlcil to address a uu.tlicr.ri__ upon such nn occasion as this. I congratulate you  upon seeing the'culmination of your  loving labor, for it is to you we owe  tlio 'presence in our midst of this statue to Kobert Hums, tt is justices  years ago that Kobert Burns died.  Tliere was on that day taken  tho  world  ono  of  the  wannest  irom  and  ^o^coc.  krJ!Ri  mmy  .'._l-Jl_lA-_'*^^fJ^A   uifSZ.S=  *BdK..;;r'n:!.' r.'osrY kh  jch-.* i,-:.-���-���< :.<��������� v-j*  WVEsr.imv',  v*\tk��,.*si.l,S  TOKON'K) .'TATUi: Tl) HU1I.VS.  "Af..W ...  tcneleiest lioaits that over beat under  a Scottish grey or tartan plaid.  Anel vve ure not so much doing honor  to his memory as vve aro honor to  ourselves when wc sot up this memorial to him in (his great city.  Burns was essentially a good man.  He had a lofty ideal before him. and  it is a pity ho did not reach it. When  we hear men raising up their voices  in rebuke to him, we will say that  wo prefer the author of Holy Willie's  Prayer to Holy Willie himself.  (Laughter)-.  Tho fiuestion of Burns' genius has  been answered by man ind. Burns  loved Scotland truly and abundantly,  but he loved humanity bettor than  Scotland, and- to-day wo lovo him  because lie wus so universal in his  ideas. There is someone wiser than  ��� anyone in icgnrd to a man's writ-  ��� ings, and-'that i.s everybody. When  you havo a verdicj of the whole people, you need not care for the exceptional critic on the other siele.  (Laughter). ���     .  There noVcr was a time when his  poetry, nfter it was written, was not  recognised as the very best. r This  was so just after it caine from his  pen. The same cannot be saiel of  nny other living man. You hn'el Tennyson struggling for years before his  poetry gained iccognilion, and how  'many have toiled and struggled and  yet were' entirely ignored! How different with Burns! No sooner had  hi.s first cell tion of poetry conic forth  than ho was proclaimed from end to  end of Scotland as the greatest  speaker in verse and poeliy lhat had  ever come among his people. He was  nt oiie-o recognUed, not only liy Scotland, as the greatest. Cowpcr at  once uilmitied tliis. There never was  n moment when he did not hold this  recognition anil was held as such in  the hearts of all English-speaking  people the world over. Englishmen.  Irishmen, and Scotchmen all unite in  honoring him as the poet of humanity.  Tliis can be saiel also ns far as his  popularity is concerned. His popularity lias gone on increasing, and  will go on increasing, as long n.s men  understand���nml tliey will always���  the dialect in which i( is written.  ���The-Scott ish-dinloct-will-nover-censo-  to lie spoken, for there are men who  would bo willing to learn that dialect if for nothing else than to .understand and appreciate tlio wotels  of Itoherl Burns. Thi.s man was so  sine-eio, so opcn-li''iirlcil, so genuine,  so full of litiinaiijly, so full of generosity, endowed Willi .siirh nfiee-Uon  nnel li'iiilcrness, that lii-; writings aru  filled  with  Ihe Iriiciii'ss of mil uie.  It i.s ridiculous to talk about Linns  nnel his poetry being two iliilci-ent  tilings. His poeliy i.s lhe simi'ie.  Npniilancoiis iitlpiun,,' of n man wlio  hail never any s"ci)iul thought, unel  who was giving voiie to llie dilution  of bis lienrt. There is no more sin-  e'oro wrilcr in Knglish litrriiitiro tliun  Itiib'prt riiirns, unel none' freer from  artilic-inlity. If you wnnt In know  the ilili'e'reni'i' between the iiiiiliciiil  poet iiiii! llie lull urn 1 go bui'k to  AlexuiieliT I'npe, a mnn of great power, anil I here you will see llo pe: fec-  tion of nrtilii'e, unel in lliiin.s you sec  perfect ior. in.llie natural, Hums him-  pelf, wherever lie wenl, curried Willi  bint an impicssioii which vvas never  cITiici'il,  One of tlie greatest trials nny man  coiilel have bnd was when he went to  Edinburgh anil nt onco launched into  the compuny of learned professors,  philosophcis and such like, and yet  ��� in their midst he- was always himself. It is -ee.y hard for lis sometimes lo hear eiiversity, but, it-is  harrier to bear prosperity suddenly  thrust upon us. Still when Burns  was among the great men of eminence,  it was the only time that   he  hnd associated with his equals, and  it is little wonder tlmt he eliel not  feel in the least end .u-r.issed. There  lie vvas among those great scholars,'  unconscious, unassuming,'never speaking when not wnnted to, ami ne.er  speaking unless he had something to  say. Good heavens, what a change  it would bring over society if thi.s  rule was  established  to-duy.  Continuing, tiie learned gentleman  quoted a number ol the poet's writings, after which ho remarked, that  he for one nt any rate was willing to  bear the defects ot Burns for the  sake of liis qualities.  What greater war song was there  than ".Scots Wha line." The glory  of Burns was his .songs, nnd tlie;  glory of his songs-was his love songs.  "I believe that many of those who  say they do not iviul those," ho  state-el, "rend them on (he sly. Why,  sir, 1 nm an olel inan, niul some of  my friends behind me are not young,  nnel yet our lieu its are thrilled by  those love snugs, unel how iniiili  moru must they thrill the hearts of  the young���anil thank Clod for it.  "Anil then again, there is liis 'Auld  Lung Syne' whiih is known wherever  tlie Knglish language is spoken. That  song has hol only made men clasp  hands in goo'-fellowship, but has  knitted men's hearts together. Yes,  many a ree-oiu-iliuiion has been  brought about by the strains of 111.a  melody sung at gatherings.  "Verlmps we may he told that however great Burns was ns a singer he  was not a teaflicr. I will say ho  was a great teacher. Many will remember the epistle he wiolo to, a  young friend. Well, 1 lliink it woulel  be well if wo ministcis meditated upon it before entering our pulpits.  That little gem sets forth tlio following:  To entcli Dnini' Fortune's gr.lden .smile,  Assiduous wait upon lier;  Anil gather pour by every who  Tliul's justified by honor.  Not for to ldelp it In a hedge.  Nor for a train tittemlimt:  But for <lie glorious privilege  Of being Independent.  The four e,' Hell's n luincmnu's whip  To h.iii'l the wretch in orelcr:  But where you feel yemr Honor grip.  Let tluil aye be your border:  Its slightest touches, instant pause,  Debar n_ side pii'teneeu;  And resolutely keen Its lawB,  Uncaring consequences.  "Then I should like .every man,  rich and poor, to commit to memory  his production, 'A Sinn's a Man for  a' That.' I think that Bums does  not owe us much, whatever we' may  do for him. But, we can honor his  memory; we can keep alive liis words,  and we can follow him with our  love, our gratitude anel our tears."  The statue cost in the neighborhood of $10,000. Tt is nine feet in  height and weighs three-fourths of a  ton, is the work of 11. XX. Stevenson-,  of 'the Royal Society of Artists, of  Edinburgh, and one of Scotland's  foremost sailptois.  The pedestal which is of Canadian  granite from SlicAord, Que., and the  panels arc tlie work of tho Mcintosh  Marble anil Granite Co., of Toronto.  Tlie base stone weighs 74 tons.  British Columbia claims the first  monument to Burns, but lt i.s said  here thnt theiis is merely a statuette  of Burns and Highland Mnry.  LINK WITH THE PAST  OPENING OF THE  GREAT DAMASCUS  TREASURE DOME.  ltemninc-ii Clnftcl f���r nt Leukt 500 Vr'uri.-  Inipurlnnt Munmcrlpu l-'nunil >lnre It  Wa* llprltrll llFCvlitly by Ordvr ,.f Ule  Sultan In i:��.R|iuiikft lo Iho Lone L'rsli,^  of r.uropem, .**cli���lur��--l li* vto.iiui*. '  Among links vvith the past uf sp'c-  cial interest to -Christendom a particular one is tlu Treasure'Home uf  tho ,Iunii-cl-KebiiY or Great Mosque  in ..Damascus, to wliich events have  just given a   renewed invoi tun-e.  The Dome.'is nn Isolated iT.eiiem  standing upon pillars in tlu* renin  ynrel of the Ureal Mosque, all 111-  trnut'c lo ils chamber bavin; lii'.n  for e-entiiries completely closed. According to irailiiiiiii, it was eie'cted  by Mahomet himself, to bo a le'pnsl-  tory of sacred .secrets, and was believed to contain unuingst o:h.-r  things, valuable early Clir.--tian  niiitiUMirijits. l.'niil June H'02,  it is certain that the iluine  liael ii'iiiaine'.l intact lor at least live  hunilreii   years.  ll has niiev been opened by order  of llie Sultan after loll',' urging by  European scholars anil informal ion  received from ' Vienna show th' elis-  covcries made in it to be* o." iin���  mi'iise    impoi timce.  Among th.1 iiiiiiiusi'ripls found arc  fragments of tif Old und .Vew Testaments in nii'-ient Syrlac, and an  complete copy of lhe same  I oe,l s in  tho dialect  of Syro-  -   MEN CF THE DAY.  Ilulf'Mir u�� n <;,��lf,*i* , nil :,�� �� I'lilluMnpli^r  ��� Il���,*r KktiitiuK'. 0/ Hi I I li**,*- Lord  Dun,i����,iii!fl. Our N,*\r e ���mmiiml*-r.  The predeccs-ors of thc new British Premier, Mr. A. J. Balfour, in,  the last 100 years havo included  statesmen like Pitt, Peel, Gladstone,  Disraeli and Salisbury; Wellington,,  the famous soldier;" the bigoted Perceval, who was'killed b.v an assassin;  men of some fume'tli rough their pens,  like Cunning, Lord John' Kussell nnel  llosebery (unel, of cour.-c, w�� m si  repeat the ..names of Disraeli nnd  Gladstone): anil such other men' us  Aililiugton, Gri'iiville, Pen t'titul, Liverpool,  Godeiiih,     Grey, Melbourne,  ddJ.  V  OUR KING AND QUEEN.  Lutrit Portrait of Hlu   JljijrMr Klnff  rd-  wnid VI I. Riul �� PW'tiire ���r e��ucen  AlfX.tndt'ii  , 11   H���r>.rlH,i'U  The latest portrait of King Kd-  wiu-el VI1. is thai taken by the Bio-  graph Company ou Juiie -���', li)0'2,  during His Majesiy's journey to  liucMHelium Palme. A very nice ac-  comi-aniiiuii!   to  it  is  that  of Queen  I.ATLST I'OIiTIUIT OK TIIK KIN'G.  Alexandra on horseback. Vor the  first time for many yeni.s Quern  Alexandra was .seen on horseback on  June 21, last, when ihi too',-, a  long ride to A\ indt-or Park. Her Majesty' was mounted on a fine black  cob, anel wore a nwil dark riding-  hubit. Jt was remarked lhat th'  Queon- snt_hei���horse-wiih��� nil^���I nc  case   and gi-.ice of early days,  when  Tin: mo!*oi;i. ay i.amah'i's.  Pak'sline, the language spoken 111 the  lima   of Christ.  lt is of particular inteiest to note  that St. Paul's epistles are amongst  tho finds in 'his latter dialect, since  Damascus was the scene of the  saint's    conversion.  Other manuscripts are fragments of  the Pentateuch in Samaritan, and  some of. the Psalms in Arabic, written in Creek characters, ivh;cli will  nlToril a valuable clue to the pro-  m.'iirinlion of Arabic in pre-.Moham-  meilan    times.  There aro also seventy-seven pages  of a hitherto unknown commentary  in ancient Syrian, nnel portions of  the Psalms nnd the Mosaic hoo^s in  eleventh century Creek. All these  manuscripts are by order of the Sultan lo be sent to Berlin for the  opinion of the Gorman scholars.  Thu Great Mosipic, containing the  Treasure Dome, is a maunilictnt  biiildin;    of  Christ inn  origin Its  principal dome is 1.10ft. high, and  tin* highest, of its three nnn.irets,  2,1ii it. According to Jesephus, Da-  matcus was founrltd by Uz. lhe son  of Aram, and grandson of Shorn,  and is one of tlio few cities of the  Knst lhat. has retained its ���pciinnial  vigor.  lt has been the. scene of two of  tho greatest events in human destiny  ���the convention of St. Paul (noted  above) and the elecisivu moim-iit' in  the life of Mahomet whin he tinned  his buck i'ii.:i! for nil on tli' pleasure of.th'j word in (111. Our sketch  of L!ic Treasure Dome i.s from a pho-  togiaph.  ���r//S-  '/���6-,.  THE CITV OF VENICE  LORD BYRON'S "SEA CYBELE, FRESH  FROM OCEAN," IS DOOMED.  Dfliir,,)'k Mt,m��'.  Pesjiitc thi' fact that Iho home of  Delnrey, the "ocr general, i.s located  in a district almost every iiuh of  wliich was seveial times fought over  during Ilia recent war. il was found  to be practically unharmed uhsn  peace was unno'inci'el. Melarey's  farm   is within a few miles of      the  MR. IIALt'OlM IS A CKKATGOM' IIMTHKRIAST  Derb3', Aberdeen and Palmorston.  Only a few of these men liuiele any  real impression on British histoiy,  by their own personality. Most of-  them are names and nothing more.  How vvill Balfour stand in future history? It is not likely that he will  be a commanding figure in that history, but he will be an interesting  one. As philosopher and student, he  could hardly fail to be inte:esting.  lie will try to do liis duty with tho  breadth of aim nnel the .thoroughness  of the philosopher. He has surprised  his associates several times by his  ability to handle practical affairs  witli,, efficiency, and will probably elo  so once again. But it is not likely  that lie will remain long tho leader  of bis party. li is likely that a  stronger, less philosophical, less iu-  difTcieiit man will in time* squeeze  him to one side. And it is not likely that Mr. Balfour vvill greatly  care.  Mr. Balfour lias produced two  book's, A Defence of Philosophic  Doubt, and The Foundations of Belief, both of which liave won what  may bo called a "success of estimation," but which have not been generally rend, anil hnve not had n  great influence upon the current of  human  thought.  Mr. Balfour has his recreations. lie  is a cycler, and is the president of  the National Cyclers' Union. lie is  even better known as a golfer. If  Mr. Balfour does anything strenuously, it is to play golf. If neit a brilliant player, he is at least a gooel  ono, and in 18!>4 he was captain of  the ltoyal and Ancient Go!f Club of  Saint Andrew's  Tho lir��t Wuinln- ,,f Iu I'robkbln. Fala  Ciuue on July 14, 1902. Whrn tl���-  Cinii>!inll��i I'muiMed unii lu N >����� 11  llrup or Kiilnn - rliiim r���r it Xr-if oiiv���  lliilnvitnnl Morotf.nl, vvhn Cintribiit, *,  31111'.IIUO l��� Uie l:��;���ru-l��ii  1'iiail.  The City or Vi..nice, which, in lhe  opinion of 1I19.best-engineers of Italy,  is -doomed'10 destruction liy the rapid siii.in;- of lhe Ish nets on whicli  it i.< built.,' Is ildi'ibUess the"most ro-".  maiitic toevu in Christendom, Lord  Hyron iiillcvl it "a sea t'yhele, Irish  H'eihi th.' ocean, rising with liar tiaiu  ol proud lowers," and pe. haps .there  is no cily more celebrated for its  beaiiiifiil panifcs, ils peculiar sit.ia-'  lion, nud the uoi I.s uf art, thai ii  contain-. Thc town is built on 117  sinall i.slun is in a buy of the Adriatic. Instead e>f streets there are  i.")0 iiiiiul.s and ihu. islands'me"lou-  ni'Cled by ,'!7i.Jbiit!gcs, nuin'v of tlieni*  ilia most piciurcMpfe m e.vistuice.'  Tlie liiullo. ilr-> great caihedriil of  St. Muik, lhe luilnee, of Ilio doges,  anel the Cnmpamli'���now u ira^s of  ruins,���nru anioiig the most celebrated  of its structures, 'lhe ducal palace  has already suffered severe strains.  nn,l gives evidence of possible collapse. The line irncery work oftli^  windows hns been cracked here' and  tlieie, nnd for many days constant  vigilaiio und repairing has been necessary to keep ihs walls of U12  grand old palace intact. Among tha  I'li.r nil   I'l-ltlsltol k   II,*   Mm**   Wi.      .  lleliirey thinks and assorts that the  bost general he has ever fought  againM i.s Gi'iiorul Clements, and lie  declares that the finest piece of work  ever ilone b.v a British olllcer was.the  saving of the camp at Noditgedncht.  This opinion has always been held by  those whe) served  under Clements on  ���fp-f  qui:i:v Ai.KXAN'niiA on' iidi:m:i:a,:k.  ns Princess of Wales, s!ie used tu  take long ride"; in lh- cuiupii'iy of  her lioyul liiisbnnil. The san.e ov-  ming Ilia Queen liieel a newer mode  if locomotion by taking a s;dn in  thn  King's new ii'.olor-car.  Ill I.AKI.V'S lll)\:l���  spot from whiih he made ihe historic swoop upi n .Melliui n';. coiiiini nil  i-'-siiliing in the I'apiini; uml sulise-  ipieiil iiianii,millions reknse ni ibut  iM-.s'.niiil geneial. Imlei'd. .Mulli-  ni n's oiijicilvu piiini ni iiut lima  Was Iio iiviiiil.iesfonli in. nbuiil twenty   miles I'riiii, lielin-e.v "s Inline.  . B0LW1).  Gciici.il la:  . Ooiii'iMl   Krcnch and  I, ���),! Kilrlieiiur.  that mi'iiioruble occasion, and the  military attaches in making tl.eir reports give gi eater space to the retreat of General Clements from  Colchheig than lo any oilier opera-  tioirof.thu war. General Bruce Hamilton has pioved by results liis ability as a lirsl-class gineial. with untiling eneigy anil a epiiiik eye foi  coun lev:���Geiieral~Cliiirle.s_lcno\'rw'hif  has latterly boon commanding the  Orange I liver Colony, is also held in  high esteem by lhe liners. His chase  of Be Wei in .Vou-mber and Deiember  VEN'ICK FROM TIIK  LAGOON,  SHOWIXO THK  CAHPANII.K THAT FEU. OX JtltY M.  private buildings, the palace of Vcn-  drnmin, built in 14NI, is the finest.  The Bridge of the Itialto spans the  Grand Canal and was slill in process of construction when Shakespeare wrote "Tlie Merchant of Venice." 'lhe celebrated Bridge of Sighs  dates fiom lf>97, and tat.es its name  fiom un adjacent prison. The au-'  thorities ol Vmice are in despair over tho helplessness of the situation  and the sympathy of the world is  theiis. "  ~  A new chapter must be added to  Buskin's Stones of Venice. Some of  the most storied of these stones���or  latliei brick���are now a heap of rub-  in"! h  , 'Ihere are iii.uty campaniles in the  'world���lh-j word "campanile" meaning bell-tower��� but' that in the pia/.-  va at Venice was most famous of  all. Or. the moining 0f July 14th  it fell lo the ground. A cruet: h.id  appealed the day before, an.I the peo-  Lplo vvere wai n-jil --o no 0113 was kill-  eel. In falling, it carried away thc  San oviiio Logyullii mrl th* library  of   the royal  paliici;  A little l*efo"c lhe ro'li.pse a noire  of falling stones within the bell tower, warned llu i-hopkiopi'is, workmen and tourists of the impending  disaster, and lh-' latter lied ror their  lives, crying, ������The Campanile i.s  faM'11;!" When the disaster was  i-omproh"i'.lni Ve net inns were seen in  the streets bemoaning tlie destruction of one of tin oldest of ar!  irensuie*:; in lhe V'ii.geiom. Pour o.'  Sansovino's statues of Ven.'li.-iii  nub'c.; wen: demolished in the Snn-  sovin.)- l.cggclta. while "a beautiful  example of a Paul Veronese painting  was dcti'oyid in tli3 place. Thc w'n^  of   the ungi'l  Hum  the     top ofthe  < 1 ilfl Fate.  Miss Oldly is ono olel maid  wh�� doesn't try to conceal her  age."���"Yes; bul she knows it's no  use."���"Why?"���"Her twin brother  livos with her."���Melbourne Weekly  Times.      ' ^  11"    '       1         Iri.  An Knulisli iiewspaper-maii, Alfred  Kiiinear, ilesciibes in a liook eiftiii-  vi I r.li'.h :'e lm, .nisi oiili!i..li..,| nn  uiiforliinati' lliriuiiim v. iih an Ii'uliuii  g'i-i v h.,n' lie nu." in tlu; lincy  .MeiiiiUnins. "I thouglille^ly cut, oil  a tug ol her liuir," snys be, nml  plui-i.'il 11 cpiarier dollar 'bit in her  really lianil. Immediately after nn  Indian man came up unel nsked mc  for eight horses. He explained .that  lie was the father of the girl, and  that 1 hail'taken her lo wife liy cutting oft |ier hair and giving hcr'mon-  ey. I pleaded innocent intention.  No use. 1 was accused ot wiuh-  crart. Tradition nnd authority were  against nie, ond in the end 1 bought  myself ofT for S5. XVe cannot afford'  to offend the Ineliuns by our traveling gallants, saiel the magistrate,  who was upou tho railway platform.  I.0I1I) DUXDONALD.  Cuniinnndcr of the Milllur/ Forces of Cannel-v.  1000 was a fine piece of work", and  almost resulted -in the capture of Do  Wet. He .Wet himself when questioned, however, says the narrowest escape ho ever hud was on tho Kiver  Brak in Cupe Colony, in February,  1901. '  of   th.1 recent disturbances of   earth^  i'1-d   sen  in  -N'o. h'ln  Italy.  Professor Bolnr says he noticedos'fi  marked inclination' of the Campan-\  ile ut Easter. '  'Iho Campanile was begun in 8S8,,  vvas restored in the .year 132!l, but'S  6ince ir>17, when 11,������ figure of the an$]  gel was placed on the summit, : haa  stiol as i-iir v ' ' res. show it. lb  was built of brick. It vvas*325 feetjj  high nnd '12 foet square,, on a stontw  bnse, simply decorated wilh slighwj  jiilasters. Tho upper part was ni-r  open lantern with a, pyramidal roofiL  (in:l on I hi' apex was tha. line colo^fj  snl ��� statuo of an nngol, formed  pliites of gilt breinze 011 a woodeiS  core. '       . ���  Thu Cniuptmilu was built on a fotin'j  (lntioiioften-foiit piles of vvhito popj  lur, closo driven into the stiff clnyl  Above was a eleiuble layer of ' oal]  planks, and above them rough foot]  lug. cf tn,'-l.vi,* und other volcnnif  stones. Other buildings in Vi'iiicl  have foundations of the same kind!  but many are built on another pliinj  without piles, but with wider fooi*  ings.  Thuro was no HlaiiTiise in the towl  er, the nscintlbeing made |,y a wind!  ing incline) i plaie* of 88 bends, enc'f  ing in a few stops. Napoleon, it ���'  said, ascended on horseback to th|  top , the fens- is credible. The enl  trance to the tower was by a stiiatj  door on tlio west sido. Visitors, la  Venice usually chose tho sunset houi  for ascending tho tower, when, froia  iho summit, a wonderful view on  the city nni^ its surroundings coiilj"  be obtained. Indeed, to ascend th|  tower, was the only way to under!  stand the intricate plan of tho citj]  which from the top of the Campanill  was.spread out liko a limp, with all  its spires and churches and distanf  -islands, while beyond could bo seeil  tho snowy Alps. Tho tower was all  wnys open, but. visitors were not all  lowed to enter "it nlono. A singlq  traveler hn'd to engage a bystnnden  to go in vvith him. At the top, cv-j  en in modern times, was always staj  tioned a watchman, but not for thT  same purposo for which a -scntin]  stood ihere in the days of Venice!  greatness. The watchman of modcif  days carried a telescope but it wr  not to scon tho. horizon for vessel  bringing news of victory, but to loo  for fires in the city and to givo n<|  tire   of them.  It may be supposed that there w(  be a searching inquiry into thc-t-ausj  of the fal' of the tower. Venid  spends a largo sum annually in keen  ing her famous monuments in orclej  and a number of officials have notll  ing to do but to examine the hii!  torio buildings of tho city and rj  port on their conditions. Every ens  of decay is supposed to be observed  nntl money is available for immij  diato repairs if they urc neccssarjl  Among the olTlciul> employed b'y Veij  ice are some of the leading archag  ologists   of Italy.  GEN. MILES' SUCCESSOR.  Major Can. Ynunp, Mhn Hns ltrftn Selecee|  nn Meuil  of U. S. Artm.  Major-General Samuel B. Yound  who hiisj been .selected to succeed Gcri  erul^ 'Miles in the command of tn  United States army on General Milo'J  retiioment a year hence, is a nativl  of Pittsburg, nut! is now in his sixtjj  third' year. Like tho present conj  m'ander.    General     Young    is  not  >^N  MA.10K i!i:nm:iiai. yol'Xg.  West Pointer.    His first military c:j  perie'iice was tliat which he won as^  volunteer.      lie  entered   the  regula  army     in   1800  us  captain     in     th|  Eighth Cavalry, and was slowly pri  moled. until    during   the war   witli  Spain ho was maile a brigadier gent  oral and  placed in command of   thr  second   brigade     of  Shal'ter's    nrmy|  In 18D8 be wns made a major gencil  nl, and served in tbe Philippines un|  til last year.  kiovaxxi i'. Mui.nsivi,  New York Linker, nillvu nf V, nicr, who lus  jUHl 0 Mili*il��*lt,-fl 4TW,W)'I tli   ll  rt'ietor.uiuit fuiiii.  u Ciiiiii'iiini.)  bell luvrci* wus ib.-own down lo 1 lie  front dour nf llie I'lillpdr.il, smashing tho Ih.ii In column, wlitch was  hurleil'."������"> fi'i t, Just escaping ihe column m;j.|.C)i ���.iiiL' thu .soiilb angle of  the ciilh.tliiil, and thn:; averting a  more! seilnu.v i!','aster.  ' The futi nf Hie lower produced a  thli'k reii eliisl. which spread liKe a  hiinttlng cloiiil over llu city. 'I hi.s,  with lh'.' riiiiibling, vulcunii'. noise,  sttirili-cl (be !i>liiibituii(.s of tli.' most  reiiiuio   suburbs  'I'll? deputies of Venice at once tel-  egiiiili.'il to tlie (!ovei'mii',iil al Koine  for luilliorixiitlon lo cHtui/lish a, lottery for Ihe purpose of raising funds  to   rebuild the bell tower.  The municipal council hns decided to open a preliminary fund ' of  500,000 lire (about ?J00,0(10) for  tho rebuilding of the Campanile and  tho ISuns'oviiio LoggoUa, A' public  subscription will also be opened for  tho   same purpose.  J'rol'i's.soi Bi'l.ir, hc-nel of tho Seismic observatory nt Laibach, Austria, is of tlie opinion that th:  earthquake in Salonicn. l-.tnopenn  Turkey, completed the destruction of  thu Cuiiircnili! of Saint Shirk's, in  Venice,   whkli had shown lhe   effects  1 l-l,n  t i,.ip,,i,i   fifiririiti'it  1 Inn*.  John liiTrns,-tlie "labor meiiilier- oil  Parliainenl, who bus just score  Pierpont tlloi'gan in the House <  Commons, and who advises that nd  more concessions be niade lo Amori-Q  can "invaders," has sal for Batter  sea since IS'3'2, and is one of the!  most piclurcsipie public characters in  .mux i;i;iiNs, m.I'.  England.    Sir. B'lrns ,was formerly 1  stationary   engineer   and    a   leaderj  among his fellow workmen.   Ho early  advocated socialism,  and for   many*  years has been tho spirit of tho labor]  party of England,, and has assistedj  in the spread of trades unionism,  favors municipal ownership of   cltj  railway lines.  1 THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER, B. C.  jj>,   .INTELLIGENCE IN PLANTS.  |b,  Something almost  as  good  as  in-  ness.)  J'.elligence is exhibited by plants.  If, I  during a dry season a bucket of wa- '  DANGERS OF A BURN.  An extensive burn, though superficial throughout, is a deadly accidont.  | Death   within   forty-eight   hours'Ms  highly probable if itwo-thirds of the  surfaco of tho body be involved, even  j though tho burn has  locally produced little more than an erythema, (rcd-  Tho    superiority     of    Mother  Graves'  (uor be placed near a growing pump-   Worm Exterminator is shown by its good  triVin    in thn m,,rC�� r,f n  fo,^ rin-uo ��i,n   effects on tho children,   l'urchoso a bot-  I'iKin, in tne course of a lew" aays the   t|0 unil eivo it a trlal  1,'cgctnblc will  turn   from its course |       ���    ���Ind get at least ono of its leaves in j   Tho   Brcslau Co-operativfe    society  rS^o water. , hus a record   membership.     It    can  W   ibonst of no fewer than $78,019 mem-  ,' Corns cause Intolerable puln. Hollo- * b���.s ,1Ilfi ;n nolnt of numhors is thu  .vny's Corn Cure removes tho tiouble. ,ue"'' m'u "' I'0"11. 01 numocrs is lie  ,vry it, nnd seo whnt iinioinit of pain Is _ largest    co-operative   society in    tho  'world.    As regards its trade,    how-  ivcel.  ,,���     ,.        , .... ever, it is beaten by several English  Ihe biggest nugget  of tin  on  rec-  socioti03  /Vrd wns recently found nt North Dun- i '      jjlns. Tasmania.   It weighed 5,<100Ib���      it may bo only u trlfllnc cold, but noK-  TJp.T per cent, being puro tin. leet    lt   and    lt will fasten Its fangs lu  }, __________ ' your lungB, and you will soon bo carried  [jy I 1 lo   ml  untimely  ijriivOt   In   this   countiy  li'lcssrs.  C. C. Richards & Co., I w�� have sudden changes and must expect  ftontlmnn,, i,.    r,,,,n 'no i  i,.wi    ������   to  have  coughs  and  colds. .  Wo  cannot  ���jcntlemen���In Juno   98 1 had   my   avoU1 thcm< %at wc cnn cl)cl.t a curo by  .and    and    wrist badly bitten by a. using   Dickie's   Anti-Consumntlve  Syrup.  ions horso.   I suffered greatly for ��� tho modlcino that has never been known  i��� .���_  ... ,  f,     f    r,        , ito fail  in curing coughs,  colds,  bronchi-  .evcral days, and tho tooth cuts re- tis anil nil affections of the throat, lungs  used to heal, until your agent gave  '"'e' chest.  no a bottle    of    MINARD'S   UNI-    ,IENT, which I began using, and the I Forty-live tons is the record weight  fflect was magical. In flvo hours the ovcr l"llled by n I,nir of horses. Tho  !>ain had  ceased,   and  in two  weeks  load consisted of bark,    which    was  I iici  !he  wound    had     completely  healed  nd my hand and arm were as well  lis ovor. Yours truly,  'I A. E. ROY,  arriage Maker,  St. Antoine, P.Q.  ) To know what is just and   not to  practise  it is  cowardice.���Confucius.  placed on  a sleigh and pulled  the ice.  TOWN TREASURER  QUEBEC      MUNICIPAL    OFFICER  GIVES  IMPORTANT  EVIDENCE.  Minard's Liniment Cures LaGrippe, .  A knocker is a person full of envy  or a seeker after blackmail.  Daylight and truth   meet us with  lear dawn.���Milton.  jlfjMinard's Liniment is best ifair Restorer.  is always right that a man  ^'should render a' reason for the faith  i/that is within him;���Sidney Smith.  i'Lifebuoy   Soap���disinfectant���is  strong-  iv    recommended    by tho medical profession    as   a safeguard  against  infectious  ftS.isonbcs. 22  Whito  flour  is  a  delusion.   A   dog  fed only on it will die iu 12 davs.  v *       i  As a rule the man who gets   in   a  pickle doesn't look woll preserved.  You can't convince a girl that marriage is a failure until after she tries  it.  f  Vi��"nt���oS   a s,l'��Eullre1 against infectious, t0 their friends  Some    men   never acquire enemies  becnuto thoy have no money to lend  ffrj   CANAD/ TJ TH.  Z NIGHT WIND.  HIA     orcein.  |JS/>  ll'*it   vv-Iele   V  Ufa      i-leeps;  B,'��   .,'  ,i.,,,,  ,i.  Bjfi'i'iei": loiv, that soCllv s'ciil ncrcss these.i,  m?ly,   fi nm   Mu.  oust   the   bill   nlglil-xlinilow  *'     orcein.  oldt where niy dend hero  e-.-ii.-.i- them this Rift to lilm from iuo!  (io sinilt!i!!y, lest thou distuih his rcbt;  ���i'.-illi,*   low   thy   souk   of  bitterness   nnd  Kiicf,  pil.e ihou my gilt, li's loved iitnplo leiif,  nl leave it tlieii* upon illy lino's hreist.  il'liiithinu,  IMttl. A.  1'. McICl.sUule.  tl/,  w'10  cio.seel  in  eithc  1 j fti30 by thu Pelewavva u  ! livers,  describing in his  MUSKOKA.  Ittr-  ,1 nm--.  Il.iin, oi     l,j!���iit���   l'libliu   l.i-  jfl.        '���> ������',, ''li   .'In, Dlht-ov-ficd 1 .  ftMr. James U.iin, D.C.L., writes:���  ji'lie discussion on tliis subject, wliich  JJis l)ei*ii started by- "Knu.ioinuii" in  IJ-iiu 'lU'Stmiuslcr, revives early lotol-  rtniiis. The lakes of'the j,1i.SaoI;ii  istrid. weio a favorable hunting  ouml fiom lhe earliest limes lor  ie Indians, and for the white trap-  ,'i' from llie mic'c'.lo of lhe eighteenth  ���mury until .the influx of civiliza-  oii tle'stioyed 'ilio game within, our  '.(���wii time. So ubmidiuit were Sli.sko-  jj'iu furs that Mr. tjuetton St. Geoigo  M'pularly visited Vushago from 1800-  MjlpOl lo purchuse from the ti uppers.  ll'Si'. Bailey was agent for tlie llud-  pn's Bay Compuny for many years  ji/ievioiis to 18G0, at what is now  yljracebiidge, anel tho ruins of a truel-  \li\s Post were visible on the banks  M') the .Joseph Kiver some '10 years  llfao. A rough outline of the hike  '���'Wears in Mitchell's map of North  lincrica,' published in 17(30, but the  ivisian between .Lukes Muskoka and  ousseiiu were not shown in any  uip till the publication of thc S.P.  ..IC,atlas in 1SU3. In this map tho  hole route from the Ottawa to  enetanguishene is laid down from  lie descriptions of Alexander Sher-  ther 1329 or  und Muskoka   ,   ng in liis paper    the  j. j jencral appearance of the lakes   and  flj fivers ami approximately giving dis-  Iinces.   The  first  Government    sur-  ey was made by I. Houghton   Don-  is,   C.E.,   in   1859,   who  discovered  |W fake Joseph and named it after his  li', Pn* ���  SB?!} The Muskoka rosjd was one of the  jarliest cut through the dense bush  \> open up tbe freo grant lands and  l.'ns finished as far as Dracebridge in  i.lhe winter of 1859-00. In July,  InSflO, Air. John Campbell, now I'ro-  li/'ssor Campbell, and the writer  jj Ivalkeel over this road and camped  M'ii the shore of the lake. Not a tree  }l>Jvas cut along tbu shores, and the  y'Wark from what is now Craveuhurst  jllo the buy wus i  ..-.} irovicling.. , Two   __   fj\ vains stood on the beach where now  .ho railway station and lumber piles  iold sway. The following year we  ���cturned with a party of five, bring-  .ir Willi us a boat which was car-  iejd across the Muskoka road by a  i'oko of oxen, who occupied nearly  (nurtccn hours on the journey of  thirteen miles. The party reached  m this occasion the upper part of  if ..ivko Joseph and found so much to  \ ntercst them that the trip becamo  in annual one, and lhe writer pur-  yiased on behalf ot some of the mem-  'ers ,'100 acres of Islands among  vhieli is the one now known as Yo-  It is plensnnt to see testimony  Viorne to the energy and persever-  'Ance with which Mr. A. 1', Cockbuin  ���levoteil himself to opening up the  /akes to the general visitor, though  ft interfered sadly with the unre-  itrlclcil freedom which thn few who  risked Muskoka had liorofoforo en-  loyed Sir. Cocklnirn's first visit  vas In ISA.",, nnel his first steamer  was launched  lu  1800.  Some folks who don't believe  faith cures havo unlimited faith  their physicians.  six  an'  A   WISE  DECISION. .,  "Tlie deacon prayed  for rain  days und nights   ou a   sti etch  when the rain come"   "What then ?"  "Drowned two of his best cows an'  washed tho foundations from" under  bis house. An' now he says that  hereafter he's n good mind to koep  cpiiet an' jest let l'rovidence run tho  weather to suit itself.  Without Fear, Favor or Affection, He  Speaks Plainly His Honest Sentiments, Adding Some Words of  Advice. ,  Wolfostown, Que., Sept. 1.���(Special)���Mr. it. Itoulungor, Secretary  and Treasurer of this town is numbered among thu most prominent und  highly respected citizens of thu country- ..  Time and again he has been honored by appointments to ofllces of public trust, and there is no man in our  community who commands thc universal respect und esteem of ull  classos of citizens moro than Air.  Boulanger.,  Those who know him well are  aware that for some timo he wus  vory ill, and they also know that lie  was restored to good health, but  many of them may not be awaro of  the means used by Mr. Doulangor in  accomplishing the wonderful recovery  which he has boon fortunate onough  to bring about.  Dodd's Kidney Pills cured him and  he has made this fact public in a  grateful letter, which reads as follows :  "I desire to say that I was completely cured of Kidney Disease and  Urinary Trouble by Dodd's Kidney  Pills.  "I was so bad that I was obliged  to" urinate often, with much pain.  They have relieved mo of the pain  and the results in every way are satisfactory. '  "I think it is .prudent for everj  family to keep thein and use them."  Whon a man of Mr. Boulunger's  standing puts himself on record so  frankly and positively, there can be  no doubt but that ho has experienced  all und more than he states iu his  letter.  Dodd's Kidney Pills have now permanently established thcirtsclvcs us  nn infallible remedy for all urinary  trouble, and the closing words of  Mr. Boulunger's letter tiro an advice  which overy household should observe.  AMOY'S GRAVEYARDS.  Tho   City   anil, tlie   Cemeteries   Axe  IIonrlcHNly Iiitermlnfflcd.  The city of Amoy is ou uu Island of  the same mime. I'or upward of 1,000  years it bus been an important trading  place. The population of the island  is estimated nt over -100,000, nud it has  been said thnt there are something like  5,000.000 dend btielies packed in its soil.  For many centuries the hillsides of the  city have beer, used as a burying  ground. Now the clly und the cemetery are hopelessly mixed. Tlie graves  touch one nnother ut every point and  form a solid white surface of rock,  brick, porcelain unel cement, covering  more than l.OltO.OUO sepuire feet. Near  one of the jossiieliisoo"^0,000 bodies are  burled vertically to save space. They  stand on a plot of ground of us many  feet square.  The wells from wlilch tho city draws  Its water supply ure shallow und ure  sunk on the edge of graveyards und  oven 'iiinong the tombs themselves.  The wnter Is muddy aiid Is colored by  the perpetual turning up of the soli.  It has no sewers, nnd the streets vary  from two feet to six feet hi width.  No wheeled vehicle can use them.  Here nnd there is nu open place or  'pluzn, dug out so us to be n huge receptacle into which the streets discharge their refuse, filth abounds,  nnd its twin sister, disease, nourishes.  The atmosphere Is laden with noxious  smells, niul thc burial of the dead goes  on nt an alarming rate.  asic ;for  Delicious flavor.   Free from hulls.     Warranted Pure.  Put up  in  all  sized  packages.  Ogilvie's Hungarian  As now manufactured.   The great FAMILY FLOUR.  Inilst on gettingV'OGILVIE'S,"  as they are better than the Best.  HAVE   NO   EQUAL  Y tytHis 4MA>f fo MmJy ffld~ WUA41S  id ftAMU,   4lt, 4H4f fek/M/ CtofiAfti4/t  ftou> 4/W^u^^/  <ft\s  Afi&fjhiwi^'fadU/  Virtue vvill be a kind of health and  beauty and good habit of the soul ;  and vice * will bo a disease and deformity and sickness of it.���Plato.  BABY'S  OWN TABLETS.  Are Nature's   Cure    For    Children's  Ailments.  one of Nature's own  Indian  bark^jvig-  .Meclicines containing opiates should  never be given to children���litj.lc or  big. When you use Baby's Own Tablets for your littlo ones you have a  positive guarantee that they .contain  neither opiate nor 'harmful drug.  They aro good for all children from  the smallest, weakest infant to the  well grown , child. These Tablets  quickly relieve anel positively cure all  stomach and bowel 1 troubles, simple  fevers, troubles while teething, etc.  Thoy always do good, and can never  do the slightest harm. For very  small infants crush thc Tablets to a  powder. Mrs. J. V. Latham, Chatham, Out., says : "My baby took  very sick. His tongue wus coated,  his breath offensive, and he could not  retain food on his stomach. Jie also  had diarrhoea for four or five days  and grew very thin and pale. We  gave him. medicine, but nothing helped hiin until we gave him Baby's  Own Tablets. After giving him the  first dose he began to improve and  in three days he was quite well. He  began to gnin flesh and is now a  fat, healthy boy. I am moro than  pleased with the Tablets as I think  they saved my baby's life."  Bnby's Own Tablets are sold by  all druggists or will be sent by mail  post paid at 25 conts a box by writing direct to the Dr. Williams Medi-  cineXo., Brockville, Ont., or Schenectady, N. Y.,  TFflStf TUB DEAF.���Mr. J. F. Kellock.  Druggist, Perth, writes : "A customer of  mine liavini; been cured of deafness by  the um) of Dr. ThomRB' Eclcctric Oil.  wroto to Ireland, telllnp his fricnels tliero  of the cuic. In consequence 1 received an  order to send half n dozen by express to  Wexford,  Ireland,  this week.'1  Queen Alexandra belongs to the ancient family of Holstcin-Oldenburg,  which for hundreds of years occupied the throne of Denmark. Tho  families of the Dukes of Holstein date  back to the beginning of German history.  Lord Siicncer'A Barcnill.  Lord Spencer of Althorp, one of tho  greatest of book collectors, was nt  home only In bis own lield. Oiie day  in browsing nbout Bond streot, London, he went into the shop of u dealer  in brlc-a-brae. Tho denier, who knew  himyby sight, snid persuasively:  "Here Is a flue bit of pottery which  your lordship really ought to have, and  yon shnll "nave it very cheap���only 2  guinea's."  So Lore! Spencer bought It and took  it home :md set It in n, high place. One  dny ti connoisseur of chlnn pnid lilm  a visit, and Lord Spencer showed his  bargain.  "What did you give for it?" asked  the connoisseur.  "Two guineas," answered Spencer  rntlier proudly.  "ll'm!" said the connoisseur. "At  that price the marmalade should bave  been included."  "���What do you menu?"  "Why, that precious piece of yours Is  nothing more nor less than n shilling  miirmalnilc pot with n green thistle  pninteel on It."  vO^XC^^t^  lodbcxfu  TRY   OUR-  Parlor  The E. B.Eddy Co. ^,  Limited. fll\  Hull,       Canada.  Matches  Mr  '"m^~- The latest and Finest  ' \        Brand yet made.  W'&UMTSAdy&rt:.  Tho proprietors of Parmelee's Pills aro  constantly lecciviin? letters similnr tu  tho folloevinK, which explains itself. Mr.  John A. Ileum, Waterloo, Ont., writes :  "I never used any medicine tlint can  eaunl I'lirtnelee's Pills for Dyspepsia or  Liver and Kidney Complaints. Thc rcliof  experionceei nfter ustnc them vvas wonderful.'" As a safe family medicine Parmelee's Vegetable Pills can bo given in  all  cases  requiring a cathartic.  It is the polished villain that beats  the bootblack out of his fee.  A whito lie may be dressed in more  fashionable attire than any other  colored one, but it's the chalk in the  milk just the same.  It matters but little if a prophet is  without honor in his own country,  provided he can afford to go abroad.  Minard's Liniment for Rheumatism.  1 have learned to judge of men by  their own deeds; 1 do not make the  accident of birth the standard of  merit.���Mrs. Hale.    \  Emcrnlil nnil Ccryl.  Emerald nud beryl are precisely thc  same  substance,  except   i'or  coloring  matter. Amethjst und rock crystal art  likewise ideuticn 1.  IIOW TO CURE HEADACHE ��� Somo  people suffer.untold .misery day nfter day  vvith Headache. There is rest neither day  or r.ifdit until the nerves arc all unstrung. The cause is cenprallv a elisor  dcrcd stomach, and a curo can be effected  bv usine I'armclce>_'s_Vc|retable I__!_s._con;  tnimugr Mandrake and Dandelion. Mr,  Finlay Wark, Lysandor, P. Q.. writes :���  "I find Parmelee's Pills a first class ar-  ticlo for Bilious Headacho."  Miiiard's LlaJment is the best.  Ilntti-rfly  liny.  The ancient custom of "butterfly  luy" Is iiiiiiuiilly celebrated nt Thax-  ieel, England. This strange festival derives Ils title from the fact that tlio in-  [mbitunts of the plnce annually ou  thut dny don new clothing and vie with  sach other us to the gnudiness of their  snrnionts. * Eiitlng, speechmaklng and  so -on enter largely Into tbe proceedings. <  Flonr Sbould De Kept  Dry.  Do you know dint Hour sliould be  kept 111 u cool, dry place? .11' possible,  there should be same kind of a close  ri'ci'plncle for It, untl too lnrge u quail*  llty stmiellinos spoils b.v being kept too  long. It should 'also bu remembered  (hut mites which often got iu'.o Hour  nro nioiv elcsli'iictlve Hum mice. "  \  A r'ninoim JiH'fccy'M Crmo. .  lt is not geui'iMlly known Hint (lie  Hi.'idy of Fred Archer, the famous lOng*  INli Joi'ke'.v, Is burled within ^00 yurds  ul'   tlir   winning   |wsl   for   the  Cum-  bridgislilre. *  'lilt'  Flower  Impatience.  "liupnllciiiM'" Is the nlckiiiimo of n  eci'tnln ilrur lilt!.' llower which should  be In every collect Ion. lt is nlckmimoJ  biruu.-i:' ol' lis imp.'ith'ucc lo bloom. It  Is good for either polling or garden  culture and will blossom steadily fur  mouths at u  lime.  Durton.  Robert Burton published the "Anato  my of Melancholy" ut forty-five. It wus  written to relieve t^io strain of u mind  bordering on lnsaulty.  Rnntr Flntironii.  Beeswax and suit vvill make youi  rusty tintirons us clean and smooth at  glass. Tic a lump of wax in a rag and  keep it for that purpose. When the  Irons ure hot, rub them first with the  wax rng. then scour with n paper or  I'lotli-sprlnkled-wlth suit ���-=-   Pci'linim.  "1 don't have no opinion of these  newfangled women's notions," snld  Mr. Hyde when his wife timidly expressed ber desire to join the woman's  self Improvement society.  "But we leiirn so much there," ventured Mrs. Hyde.  "Don't believe lt!" snnpped Mr.  Hyde. "Women don't 151101/ much,  that's n fnct, but let 'em stick to tlieir  domestfe duties and learn tbem. Thnt's  my opinion. Let 'em follow St. Paul's  injunction, stny nt home and ask tlieir  husbands If they want to know anything."  "But, John"���  "I've settled It, and that's enough,  .Tune." '  "But, John, that's what women have  been doing all this time, and perhaps  that's the reason they don't know  much."  And then Mr. Hyde throw tils beJbt  nt the eat and boxed Freddy's cars for  grinning.���Pearson's.  Her Vocation.  "Professor," said Miss Skylight, "1  want you to suggest ti course in life  for nie. I huve thought of journalism"���  "What are your natural Inclinations V"  "Oli, my soul yearns and throbs and  pulsates with an ambition to give the  world 11 life work thnt shall be marvelous in its scope and weirdly entiiiiieiiig  In the vnstiiess of Its structural beauty!"  "Woman, you're born -to be a milliner."  ��iiMt^0^0lMri$i^  GASOLINE ENGINES  MINING   MACHINERY'   AND   STEAM  I'UMPS  ENGINES   AM)   IIOILEKS,   STATION-  AKV AND FOKTAUI.K.  SAW, LATII A.ND SHINGLE MILL MA-  CUINEltY.  HANI)   AND   STI'.AM   LAUNDRY   MACHINERY.  TINSMITn, IILACKSMITU AND   CAR-  1'UNTERS TOOLS.  FULL LINE OV MACHINE SUPPLIES.  THE A. R. WILLIAMS MACHINERY CO.,  Toronto, - .  Ontario.  HALCYON HOT SPRINGS  SANITARIUM  Arrow   l.alco,   ES. O.  ' Inaanlty.  A. medical export says that notwithstanding the grent improvements made  within the last thirty years In the  treatment of the Insane uo more people nro now discharged cured from  asylums than formerly.  The   Longcflt   Vertc.  The fourth verse of the twentieth  chapter of Uevelailmi contains more  words thnn nny 01L1T verse in the New  Testament���sl>:ty-i*lght.  Force  t)l  a  Cyclone.  During ii ri'ivnt i*.u*li;iii' nt Knrnrlil,  Hritlsh India, milii,** wnv sioppeel b.v  the force of the wind, which blew at  the' rate of a liiniilivil miles nn hour.  Well  Made.  Puro flour and puro yenst do not  necessarily mean good bread. It  may be Bpolled ln tho making. Just  to: material is not everything.  Prof. W. HodgBon Ellis, OiTlclal  Analyst to the Dominion Government,' after a number of analyses, reports that " Sunlight Soap is a pure  and well-made soap." "Well mado"  means more than you thinlc. Try  Sunlight Soap���Octagon Bar^next  wash day, and you will enjoy  the benefits .of a "well-mado"  soap, and will seo that Prof. Ellis is  right. 'No one should know better  than he. 2"  XVet Clothing: and Lightning;.  If the clothing is'wet. lightning may  puss over it ns 11 good conductor without lmrmlng the body. On the other  hnnd, persons mny be killed without  b.irm being done to the clothing. In  rare instances bodies have been  "biilppeil"iiiilu'el"by"ligli tiling."- 'i hee'ov"  crings of the feet are liable to be seriously Injured, because it Is here that  the lightning int'cts the greatest re-  sis'iiince in leaving the body.  Thej-   Don't   Spvitk   Now.  Kitty��� 1'ivel called uie a dream last  evening.  Hertbn���How funny! It was only  Inst week Fred was telling uie what  invl'nl di'inius  he  bad  A   KiiKKe'Uflon.  Helle���He Inw money, you know.  Kiiimn���Vcs. I iipprivliiti' tlml fnct,  but how nm I in live happily with a  1111111 who Is my Inferlur?  ������Don't let li I in know ll."  Situated midst scenery unrivalled  for grandeur.  The most comploto hoalth resort on  the'continent of North .America.  Its baths cure all Nervous and  Muscular diseases.  Its Waters heal all Kidney, Liver  and Stomach Ailments.  They are a never-failing remedy for  all Itheiimatic Troubles.  IMPERIAL MAPLE SYRUP  Tho quality ntandnril lroni  Ocean   tt  Ocean.   Your monoy buck If not  lat  lifortory.        -        -        -'  ROSEA LAFLAMME,AEt��., MONTREAL  Many a mail's crookedness is due  lo his attempt lo muko both ends  meet.  ���Tho-cxpons>cs_of-municipiil "government in IfOiidon last year vvere ��3,-  ���100,000 less than those of Nevv York.  Vludivostock possesses tho only  crematorium that has been erected  in the whole Kiissian empire.  A BIRTHDAY GIFT.  A box ot cignrs for her hubby.  Ton to onu tliey nro LUCINAS.  becauso ull ladles lovo  their sweet nriiimu  MASHFAOrUBKI)   HV  GEO. F. BRYAN & CO WINNIPEG  Vi. S. U. No. 392.  NEWSPAPER  OUTFITS  Bl����HMKMBMW����-��  6v  _H_W_e_  sut  Only 41 persons took out papers  of naturalization in the whole 01* the  French colonies last year.  Finding 11 nine-leiiveil ".shamrock"  a farm laborer nt Crouingeu, llnl-  lanel, sent it to Qiicun Wilhclmiiiit,  who accepted llie girt, niul ivwniileil  the donor with $10,  WroiiK   I'roiiortlons.  "He olTcrcil her liis hand tintl for-  linn'."  "Dill she nccrp'.V"  "Xo: tin- Iirst was too Inrge n:id the  second loo stiiaill"  Self 'i'niiKlit.  The Mother-Now, Klsle. did I tench  ynu to throw your clot his on the lle)or  In that disreputable way';  Klsle���No, mamma; 1 learned niybelf.  -I'uck.  The lights in the theater set the men  a good example; they seldom go out be-  tweeu the acts.  Wilson's  Fly Pads  (POISON)  One 10 cent package  will kill more flies than  300 sheets of sticky  fly paper. Clean and  handy.  ^ at short  notice complete JOB  PRINTING AND  NEWSPAPER OUTFITS.  If We sell what Printers want; Printers want  what we sell.  If We carry a complete  stock of Type and Supplies for the composing  Room, Pressroom and  Bindery.  TORONTO TYPE FDRY  Company, Limited.  i McDermo! Avcnu.-,      Winnipeg,  One of thok noblest works of creation is the man who pays ror hla paper without being dunned.���New Denver Ledge.  The fastest long distance train in  tljo world is run between Taris and  llnyonee, in France. Tho speed is  54.13 miles an hour.  >, ���  'Iri  4:i  M  i I  J-.-'-  !��� I THE INDEPENDENT.  SATUBDAY -.OCTOBER.. 11,1 1002  I     '!������  I  LADIES' SUITINGS.  Lovely  goods those���u pleasure to show them.    Tho newest materials  for   l.udics'   Tiiikir-inuelL*   Uovv'ns.  ltltOADCLOTILS.   WKST   Ol'V KNGLAND      CLOTHS,       CHEVIOTS,  . vesi*;tian,s, '/.ihklinks, camel's haih,   hoi*   sack   suit-  1NC1S. . '  Tlu-y are in  nil   the new  similes niul    in   plain    anil     funcy waives.  There  mv  some*  very choice sinsli) costume lengths among them.  It pious,** us 1,1 k1vl* you uu estimate on Tuilor-mudo Gowns,    niailo  in  strictly  llrsi-clnss stylo on the premises.  All vvui-li guaranteed,  too.  G. W. KENNEDY'S,  (Successor to Scolt *��� Kennedy)  303 Hastings Street,        Vancouver, B. C.  No Weak Spots!  0 u r UNION MADE Shoes  from Canadian and American Union factories are the  best in tlie land. Men's,  Ladies' and Children's Shoes,  durable and stylish.  THE PATEHSON SHOE CO., LD  301 Hastings St.  JNDUSTRiAL WAR JUST AHEAD!  In a sermon nt Temple If real, Chicago,  Itabbi llirsi'li, speaking of the intliislrinl  chaos that jirevailn-, ami the insiiltinu  claim of eonl barons Unit they liolel tlie  mined by Divine Right, "to have unil to  hold against all nninkinil," lie saiel:  "Keligion ..-..teaches-   that    n -'man's  " properly is not his' own, but is merely  lielel by liim.in trust for the benefit .of  all. The ��� powerful, of earth should  realize Unit we are in the mielst of the  same conditions that existed in France  anil which brought on the. revolution.  ."The rich ami powerful classes in  France refused to take warning from  what was going on abouc them and  hilieel -ui'ioii the power which they  fancied they hail. Tlie revolution came  like the'eruption of,-,a; volcano, and''we  . in America blioulel take vviirning.  ' "The earth belongs to God and not tp  iiidividnar . nien. Therefore , whatever  ninn produces should be administered to  the benefit of all and not lor that of; the  Hellish few. Theproper social.., conditions is not one where men crush down  ��� theV inultituilcs and disregard their  claims .upon their-', consideration, but  where'wenlth'.is so .distributed anel orga-  -jiized thai social wel.1 being is 'within tlie  ; reach of all  honest anil -virtuous; men.  -.���  "liight. now we arc standing over a  voicano wliich may-burst forth .with nil  the fury of Pelee.   The security of the  ..men   wlio   despise   iho    downtrodden  .'.burden bearers i.-i :t fancied security...-  '"Iiitimes past/llie police awl.inilitary  - forces'olMlio country have been, .willing.  to protect, them. They fo.rget that these  forces an; drawn from tlie very ranks of  : tlie people7 tliey are now oppressing, and  tliat their sympathies are naturally with  tlieir own people;. . Therefore 'if they  continue.to disregard the wishes of the  peoplo iind.to fling insults at. them the  timo, will come vvhen. tlieir culls ;ior  protection vvill fall upon unheeding ears.  "It is a saddening thought that   a  /captain of .iiidiistry'. could become so  inflatedwith liis own arrogance as to  c- ' ���- - -  lay God-given cliuii to liis holdings upon  the earth. Sucli a man is but fanning  thesnionldcring umbers of hate, discontent and unre,st so that tlie prosperity  for which he hopes.will pay the penalty.  If they tire, temporarily 'successful7 in  their oppression they. must, expect the  discoiilinit and hatred of the conquered  to 'continue to rankle and to burst forth  anew sis soon as tlio oppressed have rested and recruited their strength." ���-.''.  common good, lt is; not organized for  the benefit of thu president or thc  secretary of the) union, or this member  or that member; it is organized for thn  common gooel, for the "greatest good of  the greatest number," and tlie "greatest  number" in this case means overy  member of.the union. Therefore, if the  union is used for the benefit of any one  mail or ol" any clique of men, that union  cannot last long."    .  WHIRLPOOL OF CRAZY  PEOPLE.  WILL FIGHT FISH TRAPS.  ��� "Piai-" SKEKERP."  Fiom au ahl" address delivered   by  -JJcv.-r.ithor���I'ctcr-C���Yorko,-of���San  Francisc", Cal , on "Trade." Unionism,"  ve quote the following:  "Above all thing-the grc.ilc=t injury,  tho greati'M hane, the greatest danger  lhat threatens- tlie future of unionism in  ihi1-coumIiv if'���elf-si'v'king. The union  is cHabli-lu'd for a ceilnin definite  purpo'-e.   Il   is   c��i,il>li-hcd    for    lhe  &��)��������������������������S��i����������  Tbe Salt 1  of Life |  ]- btiiiiK'.1*".    We want morn of @  it.    '��� e'll ge'l it if an out und out W  bargain will fetch it. GO  Movu Is   rills @  A Iwo-cjuarl  J lot Water Jiottlo  or  Founlain Syringe  75c."  | The JMtowell. Alkiiis, g  IVafaoii Co., Lid. Liability I  IP-TO-IMU DRUGGISTS. ��  if������������*)����������������������������  According to .the Seattle Times the  figbtof the gill anil purse seine fishermen  against the fish trap owners has, been  transferred from the state legislature to  the oflice of the secretary of the treasury  at ���Washington,' D. 0. A representative  of the fishermen's union has: already  gone to 'Washington'., to present to tlio  treasury department. the , fishermen's  side of the case, and he is also, charged  vvith 'the missionof securing at - the  hands of tlie treasury .department action  thiit will result in the removal of the  lish traps. The expense of the representative's trip:7 is being borne by the  fishermen's union,who made ttpa large  purse for that purpose. In connection  with the warfare, 'now being, waged  between the trap owners anel the.'fishermen, tlio' holding of Judge Neterer in  sustaining'the demurrers of the men  who were arrested during tho past senson  for entering the traps and catching fish,  wish a gill net within tiiem is of great  moment.Xii will be, remembered;that  tlie trapmen caused the arrest of a large  number'of'th'e fishermen for "so .doing.  The fishermen admitted that tliey went  inside the traps and. caught'the fish,  but claimed that the traps iveirc.illegal,  that tliey vvere in water much deeper  than permitted by law, and also.that the  fish in the water could not be 'considered  as property. Messrs., Fairchild and  Hardin presented tlie case for the fishermen. ..���_���.������.���       "..-���'��� '.-��� ������';  ��ARE YOU GAMC?  [Written for Tim Independent.]   .'  Cun you rldoahnckiugponj-;  "-���' Can you throw the,diamond hitch;  . Cun'you climb where His stoney;7^7  Do you dizzy nt a pitch;  Have you got tliu nerve to 'travelI '���������:  Wlien vour musk-es allure lamo  And thc trail Is shitting gravel;       ... ;'������;  ���;. Are you game, boy, are you game?  Whcnyoursweatrolls downin rivers,  .,,: Soaking ail your clothing through;  When at night you shake vvith shivers,  As many times 1 do;  When iin unexpected shower  tluenclics every bit of flume  And the grnli gmt, net mnl sour,   1'ojou think, bu.v, you'd l)egame7_   'I'heic'll be dnv s vi lien all isMinshluo  And Hare's color in the pan,  Theie'll benight* nln.ii ull the slurs  bhino on a soundly sleeping mun,  Ilui theie's noil, with pick and shovel,  rre-.li or ��urj, just the same.  There'*, no time to read a uorel;  Aie }ou guine, boy, ure .vou inline'/  l'llin just follow mo up vendor,  Tar beyond the summer snon ;  Show .vour fulk'-ghhuw (hem,by tliuinlei,  Tluil jou'rosot the grit logo,  And If ne hnppi'ii not loiftrlke It-  Many failures 11 ould nniiie���  Wu nil! liud ii Jul,, nnd hike It, >  Ami be Hume, boy, uud be game.  U MISIKI.SI'RUUU.  [M rllteil fill 1 III   IMiH'I NUkNT.]  If over) muid ol fab reiioun,  Sliould all her chin ins I'liiiinliule,  I'd fu.liloii tlic-e Into u crown  And nffei ll us tribute,  'Jojoll, liinsl nlilsoine hid) fair,  Whose smile ih iuj uudolug,  If I evcre lull a mlllloiiulri',  l.gail. I'd conn* dunning.  A OllAND TU11K1_Y SHOOT.  "licit" Burton will givo an olil-time  "turkey shoot" on Thanksgiving dny,  Oct 10th, at the Gladstone Inn. You  tako tho Westminster tram to (Hailstone  station and walk fivo minutes to the  place. It i.s expected that llert will  have a  thousand livo turkeys on deck.  Tho United States is nothing if not  a panorama ol" lifo itself.    In reading  a few papers published in Nevv York  state one imagines he is in a whirlpool  of crony people!    I'or it is true thut  the United Slates is mado up of people  from every clime under the sun.    America must be u glorious country for  people)who have different'   isms    anil  fails' to dwell in.    Ucv. Charles  I'ark-  liurst unys ull souls arc not immortal.  Only those souls that  are well  tnken  care of will live forever.    The others  will  ilie.    Tliu    reverend   gentleman's  theory i.s iniiinic, but not so uni<|iio ns  the idea'of some women     of   lloslon  that   restaurant   keepers   should   spare  lobsters tho pain of preservation i'l11"1  ice, prior, to boiling by   clothing the  crustaceans  in   litlle red  flannel  over-  coals.    Hut both these ideas iii-c lucking in tiie original charm which cliiir-  aclerizcs the    attitude    oi   "i.rolV?oor  I'carson of     the Northwestern  University, that man can     belong    to    ihe  Methodist church and draw a Melho-  ist   salary    while    protinsiiiT .disbelief  in the dogma that the J'il.le is (lie inspired  word  of  God.    And'  yet,     we  might ��� reconcile    ourselves   to    these  tilings with complacency if   wo ��� could  bring  ourselves  to  see  the  admirable  character of Jlr. Julian    .Ralph's   approval o1' a piau whereby u man and  a woman   after    being .married-, two  years should hold a caucus to determine whether'they, like it and if they  did not,-, should.be .   free   to   separate  and make other    arrangements.      But  then why should vve bo  ..slurllcd     at  anything When  liev.    C.  XV. tie   Lyon  Nichols lliis reduced the four lnmdred of  New.. York city to less than fifty.-Terry  McGovern,   the  prizefighter,    is.entertained by the swell set of Newport-.at  a Mrs. Kernochan's.    All    things   are  normal in a country that can     devise  no more impressive way of   entertaining the Kaiser's brother than by inviting hiui  . to a '.-banquet with one hundred men, not one of'-whom were worth  less than ono hundred million dollars,  and where a girl' falling through a hole  in the ice is saved by. her. picture hat  catching on the rim of the .hole in the  ice and  sustaining her till the arrival  of help,  by  the aid of an  : eight-cent  hat-pin'stuck iii her massy, oi;,iis tlio  San Francisco, Examiner always says  "golden hnir," and    -where it. is, not  thought one bit strange,to .wake up,in  the morning anil read that M. l'ei-ne-  let,: bf -Philadelphia; after years o,( effort, .has .trained eleven alligators    to  sing  'the     .'Pilgrim's -, i Chorus   '.from  "Tannhausor." - To be sure, the United Stdlesus. the: greatest country������; inthe ,. .-'world���when   reading   a'   United  Stales. ���: paper. A No other 'country, ever  produced a John7 L. Sullivan, and vve  beliold him suddenly,'.revealing   great  mimetic art iii the role of Legrco in  ''Uncle Tom's1 Cabin,'': and using his  whip in such a  true .-'manner that: the  manager of the company could got no  peoplo..to play the part of the iicgro  slaves and had  to:��� "lire":'John'L. in  order to keep, his show going,-just ut  the .time when, forty years after ...the  story's appearance,"  protest : is   made  against its, veracity and .'morality, unel  no other country could boar calmly as  the.United States bears a,'certain Jlr.  Carpenter's . discovery ��� that  there, .was  no\     vessel    .called      tlio..    "May-  flovyer,"    and      tliat . no       pilgrims  came : over , "in... her:    .liotvvithstund  a   woman in    Now    Y'ork; city    has  one  of the  spoons  that' belonged  lo  one of the sailors aboard    the "Jluy-  flovver," so she claims.    Thc more one  reads the interesting public press :- of  America and resolves und revolves, in  his mind tlio many matters of importance  displayed,    diiimully,    for :   the  '���Yankee's"  delectation,  the more    he  is convinced that to an American tlicre  is_tho_Mim_i->f_nll_vvisdom_in 1,'obert  Louis Stevenson's couplet:  "The world is so full of a numbei    of  things,  I am sine wo should all be as happy as  violence, or other act of sedition. Only  as'they went along, they loudly complained, that it was now a great while  since the rich,had driven them from  thcir habitations; that Italy would anywhere supply them with air and wnter  and a plnce of burial; and thut Kome, if  they stayeel in it, would afford them no  other privilege, unless it wore to bleed  and die for their wealthy oppressors.���  Plutarch, Coriolanus.  Tlie locomotive trus(, according to  tlie jnst published report, cleared if3,10*,-  0"ii last year besides spending nearly  three millions on iniprovenient.s and  fabulous salaries for u few of the promoters. Itut .lones piiys__tho freight so  what's the difference? It would ruin  the public to own and operate the  business. It is so much better to be  skinned out of live or six millions a your  to make more millionaires! Tho peoplo  vote to have it so, and they have, thut  right.���Appeal to lteuson.  Telephone 1���'2���5 ��� for u line livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  ������^���>:��^e^K^^*?}:  I Gold at a Discount  Is no more a Bargain than a  #65 Cleveland Bicycle at #45.  We have Just a limited number of both Ladles'* and Gent's  Models���1901. make���regrular 165.00 wheels, whioh go while they last  at ����.O0.  This ls the greatest wheel bargain in years.-  > 9126 Hastings St.  % SOLE AGENT  4 ���-JnesJ.  "\n',f  'lieioi'J  Ye     '1  (nid  We have now In stock a full line of   the best Heating Stoves In the market . ...,  ami have made a very low   price   on tliem to clear tliem out ln a hurry. n(]|  COAL, BASH BURNERS, COAL II OT DRAFTS,  WOOD  HOT DRAFTS,    lu<J  PLAIN AIR TIGHTS, CAST TOP AIR   TIGHTS, ETC., ETC.  MfcLennan,  McFeely ��> Co,  BI  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver. B.C.  Phone 1063.  Meeting.  F. O. E.���VANCOUVER AERIB, No. ��,  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren welcome.    Bert Parsons, W.  P.: J. G. Ure, W. S., Arcade.  '.iim*.iv��^rtiaiM-x*x,aa��,,i^.iL��M*M^4M^  The"  IS  9O0C00OOOOOOOOC0OOCC3O0OOOQ  O Having the Only Un-to-Dnto Grill Hoom ��  O in B.C. which in Itselt is a Bimrinttee Q  O  of aFlrst-Class Hotel nntl Restaurant. .   r  0000000000<3(300CO<300000COOi  Seymour Streeet,  NOTICE.i  XOTU.'EIS IIl.i:i;i!Y UIVK.V, Hint npiilicii  titm will he niiicle tn the 1'nrlliimeiit of Cmineiu,  nt lhe next sUUiik thcrenf, for nu Act ineoporn-  tlng ii Compuny, iiinior the inline of the "Viui-  eouvor iitul Const KfoteiiayliiiiUnivCoinpiuiv,"  to construct rnrt npi'mie h lino of Itnilwiiv,  irom ii ooint at or hear the City, of Vancouver;  theneo.soiiilireiislcrly lo the t.Miy of Xcvv West-  nituster anil neross the Krajier ltiver; thence  easterly hy the most feasible route, to ii point,  at or near il id way,-in .lhe llbuiulnt-y. Creek  District; from a point on the main-line,1 of the  railway south ofthe l'luser, ion point nt or near  the mouth of Iho Eraser itivelr; Irom a point on  the mainline enstol Hope, ton polniat or near  Nicola Lake; nntl from a point on Um;mainline  of the railway iitor near the Cily of Vancouver,  northerly across iDurrard-Inlet, at the most  feasible point, to North Vancouver Municipality, theneo westerly to a.-point at or near the  mouth of the Capilauo Creek. . .' ;'  WITH l'OWKH to eonsiruct ami opornto  branch lilies, Iiom any point on the inninline  ol the proposed railway or branches thereof,  uot exceeding iu any one enseuhlrlv (SO) miles  in length; aud,with power to construct,own  anil operate wharves, elocks, elevators and  warehouses in connection therewith; anil to  construct, own, nnd operate steam and other  vessels,,on auy navigable waters; and vvith  powrr to construe!, own, maintain, and operate  n suitable.ferry, from'' the most convenient  point: on the Mainland of,: liritish Co-  iuiiihin, to.:. the inost convenient point  on Vancouver Island, io as to make connection with iho-City of Victoria, or to  connect therewith by the:snrao; to construct,  operate and mnintnin telegraph and telephone,  lines,'along the route of the .proposed railway,  or its brunches, ami to: transmit.messages for  commercial purposo?; and to collect tolls therefor, to generate electricilv for power and  lighting purpmes, and for all rights, powers  anil pievileges necessary usuhI, or incidental  to all or any of the afore,aid purposes.  Dieted nt Vancouver, this 1st day o! October,  A. D. 1%'J.  I). G. MACnOSELI,,  Solicitor for Applicaiits.  IJ  HEX.  A SOCIALIST CANDIDATE.  Last Tuesday eveniiiff nt its regular  fortnightly mcoling;, new oflicers weie  eicctcel by l'hocbix Tindos and Labor  Council, ns follows: Ficsidcnl, ilolui  Kioidnn; vice president, ID. I'.rown,  seeietiuy tiensuier, XV. ]|. Uauibuiy;  statistician, C. If. Towns; Hcigcunt-Al'  arms, Win. Pleming. it seems to bn  f-ottlctl that theie will bu a socialist  candidate at the coining election.  The' llnililori Lubon'r.*,' union mot on  Thursday nlfht, with 1'ici. Collins  Iireiiillni;. Tho session vvas well ul tended und ii i;onil dou] of husims^ iiaiis-  ucletl. The union Ii in u nourishing  condition, new ineiiibeis mining m eveiy  uici'ting.  On a sudden the communally rose one  and all, and encouriii;in^ ench other,  they left the city, mid uithtlrew to the  hill" not e-alled Sacred, near the river  Anio,   but   without   committing    any  J. D. Murray, .Baker, has  broken 'his agreement with  the Bakers' Union and his  shop is now non-union.  Union men will govern  themselves accordingly.  F. BARTLE,  Secretary.  SNGDER'S SHOE STORE  KELLY, S>��UCbLA��> & CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  \��5��r Headquarters for  Domesiic and imported Cigars, and Smoking; Sundries.  x\  [ ���doesn't bother lis iiow likeiniitho early tlaysof rciidy-to-vi-car'.cloth-  inif, .The I..; only trouble7 .tliat- customers 'have, hero -Is tO; pick ;a; choice  from so ii'iiiiiy.'.goiHl tilings7 'th'b'y ..-mc.-.-.; They'like; therh: all.' V Vlust 'pick  the style of suit you prefer and we'll;guarantee a lit.' ���'. As to ���liiutoriai  niul workiunnsliiii',' pf courso our .reputation::is back.', of tliem���vve ai-'o  in  jmrticularly  good   slmpe:'no vv ,to!seo you.;;, '���������'V-'V-'-. V "V .'*',- ���  : ix i' JOHNIST0N,' KEKB:0��T:'^VC#��^K:vVv;;-v:V;  ���;--.V^;'^V;^.V-..,IJ4;antI-:l06';''<.prciw  vV.'fruDk'.St.bre;!2r   '     muininawtmmimBi^^  |er|  bthf  ir'l  cas,|  J-fccM  flni.J  V arj-j  V.Y<��i  haefl  ���:- )������' '  iih.  imymimmyMmyymmymm  ^-VV^vVVi'-'V^'^^-V^-'-^^^VVV-S^v-VV^IirJ  Because; 'vve have;. tlie:; stoclc i.tio'i Jg  :-;',anpply,':y6ur'ttie''.l)!i!s'iiil;'-^  ��� Because pur '..attention vvill; assuror -������  !V:'viiesi;';servlce.V;V.- iy A AJAlxyiyyAiy^  .A:.:~y.yi:AA':A&i)o4  ""'"'STOlivfl  IIUILDEKS' SUPPLIES;  COiVTUACTOKS' >If,>i  f^vLOfiCERS'lSUPPWE^S��  gv lUiACKSMITilS^SUPPUES,  M  SAW MILL SUPPLIES, ETC.  W'i -  """-"""���""""  t"  ��� y.-  ���-���<��������������� ���������-��� -       ��� ���- "��� :v;,' -.--':  -������;-- --���>-.-:. :    -vri  ��� Because .;we;; can .-.'save, .you, time';' )K\  y, -'and'money!,':-.'- JiJiA; Ail. J: ['; ��� Ayxjyl  BecauserpneVprder ;lS:'a;ste_)Vto-VV4}ij  ;;.vyards:a'permanent eiistomer;;;;:.' Ji(l  339 Hastings} Street.  '*#j&��*^  ����S��TS��S��^  u&y'A  .A'crciiniyV:foamy glhss'of������'health' arid'goodness-T-mtikcs:you feel good    ���rr'  all/oyer���makes vyou  every bit;: as gooilVas7 you. feel. ':';.��������� '������;.;' "AlliAAAAAy,  ..fitlj  Nov'false" lioiics ^ about VCASCADIC-^lts; genuine-and-all .satisfying7 :.to/;-,e��-4lv  ':the :last;'drop;in,'ithoVglass.'���)';IIrowed by; tho ;'''C;;V^ V -7V:V:'VV^ V'V.-?ii.;-^',:��t_eiv'      * .iin"  632  GRAATVILiLE   STKEET,  Carries a lull line of  UNION LABEL. SHOES.  The   Union   Label   guarantees   fair  wages and good -workmanship.  No scab labor.  PHONE I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour'St.  Between Pender and Dunsmulr Sts.  All kinds of work ln this line promptly attended to.  | :   GEO. HAY   : |  A Vancouver's   I'lonccr    Clothes     A  j lieuovator, mnlics n suit now,      "J  ? Dyeing and Repairing. X  jfa 216 Cambie St., Vanoouteb.         ���  Sc  (9  �� ' Vancouver, B. C.   ,  ��$������&!��<h������^  BREAKING  THE ICE  It's' a simple mutter lo begin  being n now* customer of oiiis���  nnd   it's  just  us  easy  to   lemaiti  1)1,0.  If you've Hindu up youi inlnel  to tiy our woik tlii'ie uiu theso  ���iltcinative's open  to you:  Hull a l'loiicei llilvoi, or eliop  us a postal, or cull at tho luiin-  eliy, PIO ItlcliiiidH Klti'ol, in lull  ut tin1 IlinuiMi In tlio Aiciide, or  telephone .1-1-1!���the laundry, or  telephone 1-1-7-0���the brunch.  Simple,  ibii't it?  O  Steam Laundry  Phonb 346. 010 - 014 EictrAKDS St  Downtown Office, No. 4 Akcadr.  WHITC   IHIP ONLY.  Parcels called for and delivered.  Advertise In The Independent.  it  il - Books Will IfaoL-  it  A  I yf Ar well ns youi eyes tlirougli  nvcibtiiiln Ho advised In tunc  and have* tliem iiltenilrd to nt  onco by our doctor of optica (Mr.  Thos. Allan). fJtaiuinutlon free,  ��nel Ml glasses guaruntccd. *  The Jewelers unil OiiliolaifSy  lift "Cordova at.  Oay^^^O^tht^^ <"**><>&*>&  IcrjT  M  [ol  . u.....   r~  f '���

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