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The Independent Oct 25, 1902

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Array UKU*UnLnK>,  Mar. 81/M  f  ill  fe  i  m  I:  7  NO  I  i  THE  ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA  . . BAVraOSBANK . .  & Gesem Banking Buninam          Transacted.  OFFICES���Ha��tln��a   Street.  W.,  WmaAadDater Avenue, Vancouver.  VOL. 6.  B. C. PERMANENT LOAN MD  S4VIi\(JS CO.  Authorized Capital ��� ��10,000,OCK��  Subscribed Capital -, -  1,500,000  Assets Over ... -     SOO.OOO-  Head Offloe, 321 Cambie Street,  Vancouver, D. C.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25; 1902.  NO. 5.  HOW TO CURB TRUSTS.  On     tho 18th  November,  1001,      thu  liouso of commous of England resolved:  ���"Whereas numerous commodities, among,  which uro several ot univursal consumption nnd    thc first necessity, havo     of  lato years been advanced to doublo   thu  usual price,  and  the  representatives  of  most counties  and  boroughs hovo been  Instructed by thoir constituents to.  demand'abolition of bo opprossivo a grievance, tlio commons appeal   to the 'queen's  blglincss lor redress." On tlie 25th     ol  JTpveuiber ol    thb same  yonr Elizabeth  assured: tlio speaker,  in, tho .presence , of  flier. council,  that' sho ;never, signed , * a  patent   -ol  monopoly tl,lJsho.had:been  told   it  would prove  beneficial  to      the  Station; sho thanked the members     who  Iliad brought tlio abuse to her-knowledge*  , jslio -promised  them she would by. proclamation,  rcvoko  eveiy   putent  prejudicial to  tho liberties of her people, : and  siho would suspend all othcrsV till    their  validity     should -bo ascertained in the  courts of  law. This action  of  Tho Great Queen  guided  tho^reign. of monopolies in., her  47W11 time, nnd lias stood for. three, hundred yoars    as  a  model   of goyernment  ���tact.   The commercial    conditions existing in -1902 within the fiscal borders of  thc American republic are curiously similar    to    those   :: of which the commons  complained to Elizabeth. Tho necessities  -of lifo.are In tin? control, of monopolies.  Whatever     is  required  by, thu consumer  ijf subject to the dictum of irresponsible  ''combination.     So     gieat     has  thc evil  grown that in some instances the people  have, not waited for. the action .of theii  servants iu congress, but have taken the  iuitiat.ve oi   decliumg  to   puiUin*-cv   thei  .articles ulluied   undei���a system  of boycotting.     If this piactito should  spiead,  it: would mean  on  the part of tin* lavv-  jnaking. authuiities,'  the   abdictatiou   of  their propoi   functions, and  a confession  of their, impotence to colic with an evil,  i' tbo prevalence' of .'Which is acknowledged.  .Forty. years ago thc republicans who at  piesent  aro  in   power  inaugurated     the  . American' system.  plolt the nation. It is reported that  tlio .not earnings of tha meat trust during the yonr 1001 amounted to Quo  Iiundred millions moro than in 1000.  Each pound of mont has risen In prlco  from three tu five cents a pound. It Is  not tlio lack of cattlo which has caused  this rise in values; for this country  supplies tho greater part of tho civilized  world with flesh foods. Nor Is the expense of .the:, administration . o't packing  houses excessive; for in tiicse plants tho  scientific disposition of all material  tends to. utilize all of tho substance  liandlad and ��� to. niinhiii*/.o. waste. ' Tho  grower.of cattle doos not dcrivo any  advantage from tho gain of the packer;  tho trusts dictate prices, both for tha  raw'material purchased and for, tho product sold by it. By.Its routb .cars,  which oro prcambulating butcher shops,  it has destroyed tho retail business of  the dealers in small towns.  ment; (8) tho effect upon tho electorate,  by tho creation of a large solace-holding class'dependent on the party 'in  power., As to the cost of the scheme,  it is not proposed that tho government  shall pay more than is warranted liy  tlio Intrinsic value of tho property. In  the. appraismont'of public property. the  government lias always been sorvctii  quite as well as tho Individuals.' The  transfer would; of course, havo to be effected under proper safeguards, very,  iii'uch after tho manner! in which European governments, liave proceeded. Tito'  making of an investment ol this magnitude vvouid not frighten the people | in  tlio;prevailing state of  THE LAND SYSTM  OF IW ZEALMD.  (Continued from Last Week)  Its  Business  Transactions  Its. Financial ^Policy,  lias    been    based  upon high mipoit duties,   professedly  enacted   because   of  ils  protection to the American workmgmun ���  The party; referred to won. the last clec-  taou by   promising a   "full   dinner   pail''J  for four yenis more   It rode into powei  ��� upon this issue, it will  be held icsponsi-  i>lo for, its fulfilment. The-success of the  American   system   is  predicted   upon   the  ���well  being of the  American laborer.. An  Aibundanco' of cheap/ wholesome food, of  suitable   clothing,   of   comfortable   dwellings,  of all  thu necessities for  a decent  life,  hns made it possible for the opoiu-  tives   of   our, manufactories   to   produce-  better and cheaper articles  for distribution  in   tke   world's trade,   within  fewer  daily hours oi  labor,  than  the wnikmaiiV]  in, any  other  nation.  Tlio  markets      of  tho world are theirs today because hith-  ���crto   the  operatives   have   been   prosperous.    A system of taxation, which must  prove     destructive    to   this   prosperity,  would be wrong���even if it were enacted  to meet  the  necessities of tho body politic;  it  is criminal   when  it is imposed  " for tho advancement of  Pmuto^Interosts  iind uncontrolled by those to whom tho  people have entrusted thc management  of tholr utTautt. * Combinations of industrial enterprises for the undue 'enhancement of tho \aluo of tlieir products, aie  amount to six hundred millions or dollars      annually,   and   they   are  growing  with tho natural increase of the population.     During tho  year  11)01   about    a  hundied   millions   of  dollars'   worth     of  meats were distributed     by     American  packers  in   European  maikyts,   a      fact  which indicates no lack of cattlo.     The  existence of this trust has become possible  by  reason  of its relations to      tho  transportation companies.;' Cold storage  on   cars   and   steamboats   reduce "freight  rales   and  thc  prcfcienccs   given   to   tho  large   concerns vin   railroad   car  service,  have, mado it, impossible for individuals  to attempt competition.   What is true oW,  tho meat trust is truo. of;    tho millers  tiust,   thc   wool  tiust  and   eveiy   other  trust; tluit  can  bo  mentioned./ Thc  existing state of alTairs, however, undesir-  able as it"may appeal, luis been brought  about  in a perfectly legitimate manner.  A let tiie continent had to bo  opened'to  civilization.     Tho   available      means   of  communication  weie  inadequate.     Enormous*'investments     wore  necessary      to  build   tho  lines  of  mil wuy  icquircd,   to  equip them, to handle     tho administration   oigani/ations  needed   in   the      employment and control of  financial Enterprises,  ����(le*possibio"bj^tlTe" state of thc transportation system of the country. The  repoits ui the intorstiito **n.iJroad com-  jnission, the oflicial authority upon th's  subject, abound with admissions to  this elTcct. Were inilroad rates equal,  ay tliey ought to bo under tho expressed  (designs, of' tho statutu, and wero it possible under existing circumstances to adjust tliem in such a manner as to serve  the purpose of thc nation at large, a  snethod of distribution of commodities  , might ho secured which would ennblo  the peoplo to obtain tho legitimate- reduction Jn prices that ought to result  irom tho facilities'of pioduction. Un-  -der the prc-cnt niethixlK tills cannot bo  aichloved, Tho ndvent of cheaper powei,  increaKod , outputs,t��� more cconomicul  handling of . raw materinls, has been  ��ecmnpun|ed by a rlso Jn tho prices of  nJl articles of daily consumption. Tlu\  price of meat, the nrllclo of consumption which forms, next to abroad, the  most important food for the eighty, millions of citizens', is fixed by  Half a Dozen  Monopolists.  Their business  is  ono which   prohibits  iiny kind of competition, and Jhcy    ex-j purchase  of tne  lines  by  the     govern  A Million Opbratiycs.  The establishment*'of tho business of tho  nation upon its present largo scale is  duo to the genius and administrative  ability of tho:men��� who handled its railways... What tho public complain of is,  uot that, tho transpoitatiou lines aio  willfully and arbitrarily exacting, by  incaiia. of excessive rates/ undue/udvun-  tuge for., themselves, but that they discriminate' in favor of..the trusts'���/-������and  corporations, thus destroying tlm  chances oi individual citizens, retarding  thc establishment of new enterprises,  and placing the control of tho market's  in the keeping of the favored few, who  in turn coerce tho railroads into a continuance . of', these discriminations. To  develop the resources, now .dormant, of  ugnculture, :0f the motulifcrous^and cai-  boniferous mines, "of the oil lands, of tho  forests; * to cause tho arid territories of  the western half of tho country to attain their full .productive, / values; to  manufacture out  of  our  Abundant Ituw: Materials  tho commodities  required  in' the     commerce of the world; to obtain coiltrcl of  foieign markets���it is necessary to have  reeourso   to   the   enactment   of   the   one  great measure here proposed,,tho nations  ali/atiou     of   the   railways.     That   the  framing  of so great'a law/will require  tho  statesmanship  of  tho highest  order  lo admitted, but tho timo has como for  Jt,'cufd- tho~Pb"stacies will" vanisinis~~its  iBCopo' and: effects shall becomo apparent.  JTho" railway, system of the country .has  lately  passed  Into  the  possession  of  a  small numbec of pcophi.    As consolidation progroflses it Is unavoidable that p  flegrofl nt mutual understanding botweert  Ufa.Holders :of theso jiabpertlcs must ba  bitAblUhedj   Not aealgnedly, but by rca-  fcoxl pf .the Inherent condition*!    of    tho  business, tliusu combinations     of capital  must/progress in oyer increasing propot-  tfon, until it may becoino a question of  whether tlio real' power of the. nation is  lodged, in tho government created by the  constitution or within tho keeping of nn  irresponsible   coalition   of     accumulated  wealth.    Tor tho  Dignity of the'Oovorntncnts  it vvill ho requisite to substitute for the  crude nud archhic legislation., now" ' fn  force a comprehensive .statute which w'lH  guard nnd promote * the vvolfure of the  wholo people. The principal; arguments  against the nationalization of tho; railroads nre: (1) The cost of tho scheme;  (2) the great accumulation of wealth into  a    low  hands consequent upon     the  moie especially since tlio effect would be  folt * to bo beneficial   almost at once   aftei*  its    consummation.        Absolutely  eqim/  and open rates would control the industrial: combinations,   multiply  tho  means  of exchange, stimulate agriciiltmo eternity  with  manufactures,   and  enhance  the  growth   of  rural   and  civic  communities  in. a . uniform , and   progressive   measure.  The country  would  by  thc  development  of it$uatuial resouices, which should be  niade. tho.. principal  task  of   thc  department* "having   charge   of  tho   transportation system, become the woikshop of the  nations,   and  a general prosperity  must  ensue, of which it is diillcult to/form a  conception.* As to. the accummulatiou of  wealth in a few large holdings, thc piesent  system  has   a  tendency     to  " bring  about this    result by the' increment   in  thq value of proprietary railway investments.    Stocks Which were considered/of  little valuo: a, few years ago havo become  .worth many   times  the  prices  demanded  foi   them   during thc  penod       of  depression, while debentures have sunk in capital value und inteiest paid. A puichase  of the: titles to the railways vvouid, very  likely,  bo atl'ectcd: by means, of ;>   bonds,  hearing  a   very  Low  Hato  of Interest  redeemable after, a ;reasonable, length ipf  lime  at  the  option   oi   the  government  Since tho interest earned by these bonds  would not pio\c nttiactive to great hn-  Aiicic. s.     who        aie     accustomed       to-  much  larger  profits,     tho      conseipvience  mutt bo that-these sccuiities  woaild   be  employed  as  a basis lor othei      investments.    When  it is considered  that om*-  half of tho terntoiy      of     the     United  States  is  quite undc\eloped,     owing  to  tho lack  of capital,   that     a  rich'   soil  meiely awaits  the d stiibutidn of water  by means of irrigation canals, that thus  vast areas how barren maybe made to  sustatlr a.population as dense as that of  other, civilized countries;, that; the mines  of  this  continent  aio  only  in   the  ^eiy  fiist  stage   of   thou   development,     that  the* manufacturing interests of the traus-  Alissbiiri country have not been evolved,  while.the factories of the eastern states  nre unable -to  accept ordeis unless they  are' allowed  months     in ...;' which  to, iill  them,   wo  may  feel   assured     that     the  money   to  bo   distubuted    in   tho    pui-  chase of the railway properties vvill iind  many and  abundant  Channels for   Investments.  It is certain that no, incconvonience has  arisen   from   tho   nationalization   of   the  Gorman railroads-to the peoplo of that  empire,  and there, is no reason why the  samovmoasuro' should   afllict: our  people  in a dilTcrent way.    As regards the creation of an. oflice holding class,, it     may  bo said that in the railway service th ^  class   exists   already.     As .it   ha�� .,-not  been deemed lcqtusito to disfranchise the  employees   of   the   postal   establishments  nor  any  of tho  other servants '   of  the  government's civil organization,   it  does  not appear thnt  a necessity  for such  a  monsuro ; wilKnriso   concerning   the   railway men.      Numoious    attempts     have  been   made  timo, and  again,  by  railwn.v  o flic in I.s to control the voto of their employees,   always   to  tho  discomfiture    oi  thoso who  mado tho elTort,    Tlie electorate  will   be  swayed' Xxy  political    and  economical, conditions,   and   parties   will  nrhtevo success oi  failure nt the hustings'  exactly   nn  heretofore,   according  to   tho  records  prescribed   l>y   tlu'm.  as   long is  the republic lasts.     Taxation   is  a  i'um-  tlon   of government.     It  must   not      I"'  delegated   by  thnsi��   lespousihlc     fm    it"  proper   ii)uetinentt��>   nny   other  nuili.H-  Ily.     If  existing  institutions     nn'      not  adopted lo the protection of tho general  welfaic, then it becomes tho duty nf the  law-making  powers      to    create:   others  which   will   bring  about; the   results   inquired.' ��� ITenry  Michclsen      in     North  American Review.  Empfro cream sodas���something new;  something nice. Put up expressively foi  The City Grocery Company.  Tho Land for Settlements AcU>  In  the earlier years  of  the settlement  of New Zealand there were opportunities  for men of capital;and Judgment to ac-  qulro huge estates, and while there Were  plenty  of  good  crown  lands  to     select  from   this   was  of  great  advantage    to  tho colony when  money was needed for  administration, and   roads., and  bridges:  These large estates employed hired -labor  and most of them    did    little   towards  cultivating their, lands,  and  consequently v: progress, beyond  the: pastoral ,;' stage  ceased in tho districts   'in which,  they  wero .situated.'-   As, tlio best lands i'n the  courso of years passed; from the crown,  tho country.became a series of  agricultural     communities     interspersed    *ivith  largo properties occupied by a; manager  flnrt a lew.;. shepherds, and   . the '; people  pressed that they and their sons should  bo allowed to occupy these large estates  instead  of   being  compelled; to   go; into  inaccessible;'back country;.without roads  or  railwuys.     To   meet .this  the  .lion.  John. McKenzio; then minister of lands,  introduced.\into ' tho   legislature *in   the ;  'session of. 1892^a bill    intituled     VThe |  Laud for Settlements1'Act," which;  thorized   the   purchasb. from   private  dividuals- of suitable properties foi*V subdivision into farins.:,   Under tlio provis*  ion , of 'this act and the amending facts',  wliich arc now consolidated into the act  of 1900, properties have been    acquired,  and divided into small farms, and leased  in perpetuity at .a 5-per-cent. rental^ on  a capital value-lixeil at  a    rate;   siiili-  vci'ent to  cover first cost,V together with  survey, administration, ami roads (if required).    ; The:.usual  process, of acquisition 'is/-as follows:, ViWhenover a property^  is offered to tho government, iM itis so  situated as tovineet the object/of the  act, a report on it is-6btained^from    a  government ;oflicer,--and,   should his  report be. favorable,' 'the :! question  of pui;-  clnuso. is then; considered, by,a Board ; of  Land Purchase Commissioners, composed  of tlio' inspector,- who  is  the permanent  chairman,  threo;.other" government':  oflicers;1, whoso. training and  duties  qualify  thein  to  advise  the  government ,as "to  whether the purchase :is a suitable one,  and as' to tho price which should be-given for the property, and a member 1101117.  ina teii;" by-tlie" government rroni residents;  inutile   district ���.���.whoro*. thc   land  to��;, be  dealt  vyitii  is situated, v .���.���It. 'is -only '1 'on  "tiie":. ddyice of  this, board- that theJ'goy-  ernment ucts."    In, nearly all-cases - the  properties'acciuired  have  been  improved  to liocertain, extent ��� by.    fencing, ,'aud  buildings, and were' situated: in a neighborhood ,of' closely settled districts.: The  amount which may be expended per annum  under  the -act'.is". JU500.000.,   .The  act  also   provides for; tlio- exchange     of  high-lying pastoral crown lands for low-  lying* agricultural    lands,.   lsuitabie .for  small holdings;,;L [..<*������   ���- /   '\;.>  Lands.* may-also bo taken compulsorily  in cases .where* tho board cannot "agree  with the owner as to price, etc., and  whero tho governor in council decides to  acquire tho; iaiid for closer settlement.  The amount payable, to,: the owner is ;lc-  cided'by- a ' compensation; court,: coni-  posed of,.a : judge of lhe: supreme court  aiid two assessors, one appointed iby the  government, the other by thc owner of  tho property. Two properties have hitherto been acquired .; compulsorily,, /and  ^they^-lia.VQ-been^disijOsed-of=ion=satisfac--  tory.'terms. : p. ''X\  "The  acquisition  at  lands     under     the  Land  for Settlements  Acts  has    proved  beneficial in providiog.homes for a largo  class  of men   of moderato  capital    who  shrink from the rough Work of breaking  in new4 country or who, having accumulated  capital   (cash,  stock     and     implements), piefcr open, country near civiliz- I  atlon.     Sons* of farmers  bcgin,lifo; near |  the old  home,   and help  from   there     is  given   : iny- many   , ways.;,   Tlio- system  also afTords��to  tho small-farmer class of  the old country an opening for building  up homes for thomselvca    whoro     their  previous oxporienco  willbo of  use,,   instead of having to learn: tlm''    methods  adapted to a now and wild country.  , Preference is given, to .landless people,  and  applicants for rural  land  havo    to  satisfy tho land   board as to their means  to stock and cultivate tho property applied  for^and  erect  suitablo     buildings  thereon^ -The board, in fact,  has,a discretion as. toWho  may become tenants. |  miles from tho. border, thereof,.for thc  purpose of providing workmen's homes  or villages; but thb urea is restricted to  not moro than 100 acres every year  within nny such borough, or within the  radius named, above from tho boundary  of thu borough.  Tho owner is left with right to retain  au area of not moro than 10 acres If in  a  borough,   or  SO   acres  in  uny    other  A workmen's allotment is not to exceed five acres, and advances ,up to ��50  aro made by tho government to the successful applicants in aid of., the cost of  fencing and"building dwelling: houses.  Regulations   giving   full   directions   to  applicants under" this ,acfc liave been  issued from time to time,: which'should be  in the bunds of everyone before applying  for lands-under this act.  Purchase  of Native Lands . by   Government.  From  about  the year  1S23  (winch  its  the date of the first recorded deed)'until the -6th of February, 13*10,'the* date  of :tho treaty of Waitangi, lauds i 11 New  Zealand,   were, acquired   by   direct   purchase  from   the  Maoris .by    individual  membeis of the    white    races.       During  tho years 1S37 to 1839, or about    the  time it becaime probable that the so yet-  elgntyof the lands, would be assumed'by  the. United Kingdom, tho greater number  of these; purchases' were,, made, and . they  extended to  most parts of the1: country.  I Tho purchases were technically known as  Ithe "Old Land Claims," and their total  number (including pie-emptive clatms), ns  !estimated by' Commissioner . .. F./Dillon  Bell in 1S62, was 1,370, coveung mi  area of about 10,3211/153 acres, out 01  which large area grants weie lecom-  mended for 292,*170 acres. These figures  have been slightly: added to since, but  not to any veiy laige extent. The large  area "shown above was reduced on survey to about *17*1,000 acres, situated  principally,. tp\the north of. Auckland;.  The ditferonce/in', area- ^between ;> the  .amount-,'granted .and'the.total area surveyed became what are termed "surplus  lands;pf;.the crown/' ��� Itv.was held that  the ' native,; title '-.had' been fully. extinguished .over .the whole .area . i/ surveyed;  but,/as by 'Statuto the .claimants could  oniy/;bc'.granted -2,560 acres\ each, ;���!��� tha  iialance "became /vested in ?thc'; crown"; on  'theva.ssunii)'tioh .of -the/sovereignty,'"/ tiie  nativ*e,. titles/baking /qpeii;fully,;.-;extin-  -guished.;-.;/';;'",':; v.;- y ''''���-��� X'''���'������':a -  ".;';-  '/In. many cases;tho titles did. not issue  to,, those'; to whom the.. Iaiid /was /awarded, as ��� they : werdicompensated. by scrip,  issued by; the gqvei-rimeiit, .with i.the,..un->  derstanding that /.such' scrip ,,was ��� to *; be  exercised in;'the' purchase, of .crown hinds  in the neighborhood of/ /-Aucktatid, ; to  which, place it was desirable���so soon as  tiio capital wus founded���to draw a population: . ' Tlie lands, thus paid for in,  s'crip became crown lands, and these, together vvith'the.surplus; lands.1 have froiiv  time; to; time: been .'disposed,'of. ,by .the  crown and settled on.-:. The, "amount of  scrip,, etc-, issued up to. 1862 wus over  jci09,oo6.y.v\ :-:.:',"���; ''j.yi'-'X^y^l'-'iXX..  On tiie signing, of the'treaty' of Waitangi on j the Cth.of February;. 1S40,V the  pre-emptive right was.,ceded to" tho.gov-;  eminent, and consequently private piir-  chaso ceased. _ 'Tiiis,. remained the:/.* law  until, the .passing of the; "Native Land  Act,>1S()2,"; when the crown relinquished  its' right,ofL pre-emption,- whilst Vat the  same /time .the purchase of native laiuls  for thb crown did not abate; v but continued side by side with the. '/ private  purchases up to the passing of the'"Native1 Land  Court. AcjoJiSOl/',,; ; ; '    : _'L:  labors was ; exceedingly small. The  Wuitura purchuse in, however, horo excluded, for there were reasons of general  policy alTectmg tho sale which did not  prevail in other<-*casus. This purchase  was the 0stenKibl0.ca11.se of the wur of  1860 and following yeurs, but tho mo*  tives wliich led to'it. were far deep 01  thun thu mere purchase of a few ueroa  ���thct'o was n great principle tit stako.  The difference. ulTecled in the, mode of  purchase byo '.'Tiie Native Laiid Act.  1S62,". was this: Previously, tlie title  of the Altions who weie to lecuive pay-  nio'it foi the land was dt.cidcd by the land}  purchase oiheer^, but the act quoted bet  up a court, presided over liy "'able  judges, who dctei mined the titles, winch  wei 0 aftei w ai ds 1 egistei ed in a special  couit Purchases have sinco been cf"  tcct.'d   wuh  the  z egistei ed   owncis  It, is difficult to obtain figures showing the actual area /acquired by the  crown, from the 31aoris up to 1.870, but  in round numbers it was 6,000.000  acres in : the North . Island; whilst the  whole of the aiiddle Island,/ with the  exception of reserves, for originul native  owncis, was acquued pi toi to the pubsingj  of "The Native Land Act, 1B62." Stewart  .island was purchased! from the nativo  owners by deed dated 29111 .lime, 1864.  The nativo rebellion of 1860-69 broughtt  native land purchases for tlie time being  practically to  a standstill  Tlie immigration r and V public works  acts 01 1S70 and ' 1S7.J uppiopiiatcd  ��200,000 and ��500,000 respectively,,  for the purchase of-lands in thu North.  Island; and these /amounts have, up to  the 31st 01 Miuch, 1901, been augmented by fiA'tlior/: annual appropriations  fiom the jiublic lunds aud other loan-  moneys, covciing ultogethei a total ex-  pendiluie since 3 670 01 Ll,965,963,  with the lollowing lesults Aicu finally,  acquired in tho Noith Island 11 om natives, from 1S70 to 31st -March, 1901,  7,789,659 acres- Area under negotiation in the North Island on 31st March*  1.901, -121,230 acres; interests therein!  finally acq-uned,  125,000 acies.  Pigest of the/Land Laws.  Administration.  The  crown : lands   arc  ndminstered un-i  dei   the authoiity  01  "lhe Land     Act*  1S92,"   by  the  hon.   thc      minister    ot  lands, ul Wellington,    Foi      convenience  the colony is; divided into ��� ten land Uis-  tucts,  each  being undei  the local  direction  of: n  commissioner,:/ and.',/a'    land  board.     The"   commissioner's      offico' 'is  known  us  thc  principal land  oflice,  and  in .some of the larger districts there aro  oue  01   mdie  local  land  olhces        It is  with  those. land   otllces  tiie selector has  to .'titinsact all   business,,,from  thu  first  consultation; of   the:maps, to   the/ final  leceipl m  the ciown title  Land   Districts   "and     Principal     Land  Odices  The   names  of   the  laud   districts  and  of the- towns ''where each  principul hind  ollice is situated are, beginning with the  mo^t uoitheily and taking     them      geographically,, as  undei  Town' where Principal  Land District.        Land Otilce is situated  NatfvV"Land Laws: Act, 1SD9,"  jirohibils the further sale of any hatire  land'except such ..ns/was then under negotiation. "The Alaott Councils Act,  1900," and the Maori Land Administration Act of 1900 transfers the powers  formerly held by the Native Land Court  to .Maori councils party elected by Maoris ond partly nominated by tliu governor, and when so directed by the chief  judge ihobc councils may pioceed to ascertain ownei^hip, to divide, and lo appoint MKU'ssois and tiu-leis 'I in \  may also consent to the alienation of  land not required for the .support of tin1  owners.  j From timo to time Mine 1810 wuimis  sums were appropriated by tho government or by parliament fo. the nt-quisi-  tion of a crown estate. Up lo the dutt>  of passing nf "Tho Native Land Ait,  1862," these operations weie conducted  by oillcers, of the government specially  appointed, 'Who, from a knowledge, ot  thc Maoiis,   their customs  nud     dispnsi-  Auckland   ���   ���   ���   -       Auckland  Tarauuki   ;.. >-   _   _   ...New   Plymouth  Haw ke s   Day . . _   .        Nupier  \Vellmglou .  .-   L Wellington  Nelson... .��   .    . J  J         Nelson  JMailhoiough .  . ... . .Uleuheim  Westlaud . .      .Hokitika'  Canterbury... ��� ... I. ���. ��� Christehurch  Otago... ^ _,��� _... ��.  ... ......Dunodin  ^ouihland .  . . inveicnrgill  Classification   01   Lands   lite.   Crow ii_lands_aic_dividi d mta threo_  tlon,   were   successful   in   securing   laige  Land may also be compulsoi ily taken   areas  of  land  for  settlement.     Jt   must  bo conceded/that their operations as a  wholo were successful, and that the number of disputed cases arising out of their  for workmen's homes within a boroug]  having a population of at least 15,000  persons,  or,/within  a radius  of     fifteen  chu-scs  (1.) Town and village 'lands, the. upset prices of which are, respectively, -not  less than ��20 und ��3 per acre; such  lauds ate sold by  auction'  (2.) Suburban lands, the upset pric*  of which limy not be less than JCH an  acie. tho-u lands aie ulso tu be sold by  auction  (3.); Iturul lands, which may be disponed of al not less than ��1 per acre  for ilrst-ciass, nnd 5s. nn acr.- for soc-  iind cln*s Uud>; Mich lands may i*u sold  or leased by niuitlon, or ��� hold or'leased  on application  So 1111 ul set lion nm} be luiget thun  till' 1 a*res in extent If llrst-class lund, or  2,009 acres uf second class lund, whether, oltored b.v auction or npplicatiou. No  jieison < uu select nunc thun (>10 acrea  of llrst-class or -.000 ucres of second*  clut-s .' lund, Including therein any lund.  which ho, then holiK Small gia/ing runs  first-class, may not exceed 5,000 acres*  and ; second-class 20,000 acres. Pastoral  tuns ate limited to uicas which will  curry 20.000 sheep or 1.000 cattlo. No  pei son  can  sclcti  moie''than  one lun.  am  i  ('lo be Continued.)  i  1  teiSiiiifMlillis  mm  I I  Ij"'  w  W'  It7  Vi\-  t -  I  |/...TWO |  | NEGATIVES   {  A By Eonry S. Wiuthrop &  0  Copyright, lKtMiy the "' H  \S S. S. McChiro Cninpuny r  Everybody said, when old General  Aiiisworth illoil uml It wus found Hint  Injudicious stock speculation luul practically wiped out liis' emir:' fortune,  that Kvnn Alnswortli sliould establish  himself us a llorlst. Several ���}!' llieir  net, tliey argued, wlio hail stuldenly  found themselves compelled to earn  their own living liad followed this  course, and "the set" resented' innovations. .Moreover, tlie Alnswortli conservatories had been famous.  1'reelsely because everybody bnd  suggested n llorlst's shop Evan Alns-  iworlli decided ngninst it. It was nil  very well nt llrst, ho argued, when  your shop is a novelty und people  bought llowers In tlie name of sweet  charity, but be knew little about How* J  ers, not. enough to make the business  nn independent success. Ou lhe oilier  hand, his amateur photographs had  gained distinction" at .various exhibitions. Very sensibly lie decided to develop this talent, and so ho secured a  position ns operator in au obscure gallery, wliere he could gain experience  with skylight work. Two niontlis later  ���ISvnn Aiiisworth was practically forgotten by his old associates.  For this Evan was thankful, for the  dark days following his father's death  hail been made more gloomy by the repeated visits of self constituted advisers, who failed to appreciate tho  fact tliat there are some men who  would rather earn less money independently than be dependent upou borrowed capital for the success of a  hazardous venture. It cut him a little  nt fust ns one liy one his friends dropped off, but in the end lie regretted only  livelyn Hope, with whom there had  been an "understanding" at tlie time  of tlie crash. '.  Armstrong Hope, her father, Iind  been one of tlie first to suggest the  llonst shop, and when Evan had explained bis view of the matler and  l,nd declined the proffered aid Mr.  Jlopo hnd''stormed through the house,  declaring that.'Kvnn was n headstrong  youngster'nnd that the rising genera^  tion was going to tile dogs. Then hi*  liad promptly exiled Evelyn'to Europe  In cnre of nn elderly mint.  "Now, you tnke cure of Evelyn." lie  had snid lo ber when the steamer was  THEN"  SIIK   WENT   F(I1UVAH1>,  U0TI1  UAXD8  otj*i'ST]ii:rciii:i)  about to sail, "nnd ii-mcmbcr that your  Europcnn mention is going to he cut  short tlie moment I lienr tlint she has  enteied into communication with young  Alnswortli."  A letter which Evan had sent to her  hnd been returned unopened, with a  curt note from Armstrong nope Intimating thnt he desired nil further  communication between Alnswortli und  the Hope family to cease absolutely  uud assuring Evan that be hnd tnken  steps to see that this desire would be  carried, out.  . ���  * Evan, instead of nssutniug n mourn-  j fill air. went Industriously to work  niicl-wltliin-two-years'Koadvanced=liim^  self In his profession thnt he was1 engaged as chief operator in the most  fashionable establishment In town.  Two yenrs of hard study, supplemented by none too luxurious living tlie llrst  year, had wrought marvelous changes  In Ills appenranee, and none who commented on the excellence of his photographs realized Hint the nrtist was ,u  man who at one time Inid been welcomed to their homes. He was.too  proud to remind IiIr old associates of  his existence, nnd they In 'turn hud  (]iilte forgotten him.  As chief 'operator he wns supposed to  exercise general supervision over the  wdrls. and one afternoon, going Into  the dark room, be found n young developer bending over some plules.  "Mr. Alnswortli." he called, "I wish  yoii would look nt this negative. Mr,  flnckson took It while you were nt  lunch, and It doesn't seem to tie quite  right, Ho.only tool; two. and the first  one wns lost entirely through fog."  Alnswortli carelessly lifted tlie pinto  and held !t up,to the ruby light...-.Then  he gnve a start for there was Evelyn's face n trifle wistful, hut slill the  face of the woman he loved dearer  thnn his life. Pulling hlmseir togcth  or, he handed It hack to the operator  with a careless remark, but let the  glass slip from his hnnd before the  Other could grasp it "My fnult," he  said in answer to the .operator1.* profuse apology. "The wet dim slipped  t>nt of niy hands.    Send down stairs  and tell Miss Henderson to write the  sitter to come again."  Two days later Evelyn Hope ngaii.  ascended to the operating room and  noted with satisfaction that (lie opera  tor was not the one she had seen on  her llrst visit. As lie turned to ro  ceive her she gnve a cry of surprise.  "Evan!" she gasped. "Is it really  you?" Thon impulsively she went forwnrd, both hands outstretched.  "I've u confession to mnke." lie said  as he looked Into the tender eyes, shyly upturned to his. "I smashed your  lust picture on purpose so that you  would hnve to come down and,pose  agnin to ine."  She gnve n-happy laugh. "Then you  still���care?" she asked earnestly.  "Care!" he repeated. "I'd have  smushed the. skylight if It had been  necessary. Can't you realize tliat I've  been hungry for a sight of your fnce  for the lust two years."  i. "Well," she returned, with a tiny  pout, "you might at lenst have written."  "But I did," he assured her. "1  wrote, nnd your father sent back the  letter, warning mc that any letter sent  to Europe would not reach you. In  spite of that I wrote half a dozen  times, but received no word in reply."  "What did you sny?" she 'Inquired  half curiously, half bashfully.  "I can't tell you here," he answered.  "You're here to give ine a negative."  She smiled roguishly. "Take two  plates," she suggested, nnd ns ho looked n little dazed she placed her hands  on his shoulders. "You stupid boy,"  she 'finished, ��� "don't yon realize that  two negatives mnke nn nfiirmntive?"  "And you will marry me?" he asked,  incredulously.        ;  "1 refused two dukes and a count."  This with seeming irreie\anee.  "To marry n photographer's assistant?"  She stood on tiptoe till their lips met  "To marry the man 1 love." sho corrected.  Mammy Mnry'a  McfiNn^e.  In the course of-her career, says a  writer In. Current'Literature, Mammy  Mary had met many distinguished persons, but her own importance ns nurse  for three generations in the family of  General .John U. "Gordon of Georgia  kept her from being overwhelmed by  the honor.  , When Mrs. Cleveland, during tho second term of her husband's presidency,  visited the Gordons nt the governor's  mansion in .' laiitu.. she expressed a  desire to sec n genuine old negro mammy. So the'carriage was hitched up.  and Mammy Mary wns sent for nt  Sutherland, the Gordon country plnce,  which she preferred to the noise nnd  excitement of official life. When the  coachinaii'drow up, he found her smoking her e\onlng pipe. Not a step would  .-die stir.  "She done say." said the unsuccessful  envoy on his return to town, "dat she  don' want lo see no''presidents;''she  done see 'nough presidents "  Mrs. Cle\eland laughed heartily rwhen  she heard this. Then she proposed to  go to the mountain, since .Mohammed  refused Id budge, and the next day she  drove out to Sutherland.  "I am surprised. Mammy Maiy," said  Mrs. Gordon before introducing the distinguished guest, "tliat you sent such  a message. You have never been impolite before."  "An' dnt nigger done tell whnt I say?  Well, he never did have no sense an'  no inannahs! Co'se 1 'spected he'd say  I'ze sorry l'ze ind'sposcd!"  Overreached  lllnmelf.  There is no man more pleasantly situated than the country editor, so called, who has u well equipped 'printing  olllce in a good town, with a fair share  of the county printing, a good circulation and plenty of Jobwork and advertising. It may be that he takes a turn  occasionally nt working the press, making up the forms or even selling liis  own editorials in type, but ho takes an  honest pride In being nble to do these  things. He is willing to give every  man his due, but insists on his own  rights and dares to maintain them  Such nu editor wns Colonel Illix of  Boonitown. A customer whom be knew  iis.a close fisted'man came In one day  to getu hundred sale bills be had ordered the day before. The editor handed him the bills neatly-tied in n package. The customer untied the string,  Inid the bills on the "imposing stone"  and proceeded to. count them.  Editor nils watched the count. When  Vlt^vns^coiicluded.lthere proved to bt-  slx over und above the hutidrcd~WItb~  out a word Ullx took the six extra bills  off the pile, crumpled them In his hand,  threw tliem Into the ollice stove and  smilingly bowed his crestfallen patron  out���Youth's Companion.  ' One of Fleld'a Varna.  ITcro Is a paragraph which Eugene  Field, who enjoyed making fun of his  friends, once printed In lils fatuous co!  uui'ii of "Sharps nnd Flats:"  "Dr. .William l'V I'oolc. the veteran  bibliophile, Is now in Ran Francisco at  tending theVineetlng of the National  Librarians'nssocliitlon. 'While thv train  bearing-the excursionists wus en loute  through Arizona a stup of twenty mln  utes was iiiiule one evening for supper  at a rude eating house., and here Dr.  I'oolc had un exciting experience with  n tarantula. The venomous reptile attacked the kindly old gentleman with  singular voracity, and but for the high  topped boots which Mr. Poole won* se  rlous Injuries would have been IntlicU'd  upon our friend's person. Mr .Fred  HIM. our public librarian, hearing Ui  Poole's cries for help, ran to the rescue  nnd with his cane and umbrella sue  eeeded in keeping the tarantula nt liny  until the keeper of the restaurant fetch  cd his gun and dispatched the inalig  mint monster.''..The.tarantula weighed  six pounds. Dr.Toole took the skin to  San'.Francisco and will have It tanned  so he can utilize It for the binding'of  one of his favorite books."  PINGPONG AND TENUIS.  HERE'S   hardly  any  difference,   ��e  far as 1 can see,  Iioiwixt Uio gumo of tennis mid the  sur.ie of double "p."  While pliigiioiig Is a tablo same and tennis at llie l.eiil.  Both   funics aro  played   with  balls  and  net; the players rackets wield;  But Uiat cannot be said to be the point, I  must iidir.il;  While tenuis ls a warmish game It seems  Iii:u;pong is IT!   .  ��� xo.t. sinec* there's no uroat difference,will  plnnponu'a name be Dennis,     t  And wh.*n Ihe healed term cornea on will  folks co buck'to tennis?  Somehow; there  see-.ns   to   tie  a   fad   for  toadying to name;  We'd rather havo a crazy thins, though  lt ia all the same.  Just hustle up a sibliefBlpp Instead of old  croquet.  And down we'll fall and howl for zibber-  zipp must any day. .  It isn't that llie gume is changed, but It's  "- because tlio rose  Catloit liy the name we've learned to love  is ln ils dying throes;'  Henco,   if some chap  would  dub  bridge  whist by name of zennys Jennys.  There'd bo a great big funeral. Just liko  there was of tennis.  It's  human  nature.  I supposo;  the girl'  that's christened Liz  Feels tliat sh->'s handicapped, of course���  and I suppose she is.  Wq never hear of barber shops; tonsorlal  c'.'  parlors they  Have, come  to  be  entitled  in   tills   title  crazy day.  But   what   I   started   out   to   say   was,  through the* heated spell  Will wo continue plngpong or will tennis  do ns well'.'  In other words, as I'havo said, will ping-  pong's namo bo Dennis,  And wilt we gradually come to trifle soma  with tennis?  . ���Baltimore News.  Q,**0**"f5M'Q' 9' 9 ������ft0'��*O***O*,O*,,C'*,<8',,f^  ! TOPS0M OF I  RUSH  -Helen (regretfully)���No. George, I'll  not sit in tlie hammock with you this  evening."- '-.-. .'���������  .��� Tom���Ami why not, my dear?  Helen���I'npu. lias attached a patent  device to it tliat registers the weight.  Some Meii Are Horn tn^culoufi.  Smith���Brown'is the laziest man on  record.  .Tones���How so?  Smith���When lils wife asks hlmto  water her llower bed lie throws a bucket of water on his'.Newfoundland dog  and then lias him stand in the middle  of tho llower lied and shake himself.���  Tuck.  It Was Dead.  "Hello!" said the first citizen of  Swainplirust. "How nre you getting  along with that souvenir booklet?"  "Vou mean the one we wero preparing to boom'our lovely town?"  "Ye*,."  "Had to give It up; couldn't get anything but undertakers' advertisements  for It."���Philadelphia Press.  The Ifoctixt Enter*.  And It cnnie to p'iss that locust pie  'became a great dish in back counties.  "But," snid tlie man who had ordered  u pie in a hotel, "these locusts are not  tender.   Are you sure they are young?"  "Oh, yes. sir." 'responded tlie waiter;  "we guarantee none of tliem lo be over  seventeen years old."���Chicago News.  The Automobile.  "Yes. sir; there she is complete. Will  you go with me on tlie trial trip?"  "1 will if you will add just one moro  thing"  "Wlnt i�� "hat?"  "An ntliicliiuent to carry a net for us  to hind In."���Indianapolis News.  Tlie Disappointed. Hoy.  "Gracious, Hobby!" snld the second  Mrs; .leaks, nee Ann Teek, to her stepson.   "What are you crying about?"  "Boo-hco!" sobbed the boy. '"Papa  promised me a new mamma, un' you  nln't' new at all!"���Philadelphia Record.  An UnderNlictlTurliey.  The Smart Hoarder���Mrs. Smllhers,  that turkey Is not done.  Mrs. Smlthers���.Why. Mr. Stump, I'm  sure���  The Smart Hoarder��� No: 1 .mean..not  done growing.���Leslie's Weekly.  YlvlNCCtlnn.  "I didn't see Squnllnp at lhe party  last evening. Was he there?"  "Yes. but lie was disgruntled about  something.  He sat apart."  "Then he must have felt n good deal  cut.up."���Chicago Tribune.  In   1010.  Hiram (rushing in)���Great gosh, MI-  randy,' It's rainln' cats an' dogs!  Mirnudj���Oh. dear! I'll bet anything  tliat one uv them nil ships that wuz  carryin' the circus has blown tip.���  Town Topics. *  9 BY CHARLES WELSTED  A  9 Qipiirtolit, vol, by A. S. nichardson th  Q.��-9*.Q.��-Q.*.O.��-Q-*-0O-��'0*��*Q-��*d-�� 0*^*��*9  In'tho office of the Dunedin Dally  Rush the reportorlal staff wns busily  engaged, save perhaps Topson. He had  just strolled In, planked himself down  In his chair, nnd after scribbling off a  short "two header" passed It into the  city editor's room and resumed his  usual lazy attitude, feet cocked over  the top,of his desk, hat on the back of  his head, -while he stared into space  and slowly puffed away at his pipe.  Topson was naturally lazy. Thu boys  claim he.wns born thus. lie wns not  altogether "a good fellow," though no  one seemed to have aught to sny  against him. He was reserved, had little, to say nnd always did ills work  well, though he did tnke much longer  to "accomplish .'It than any of his colleagues.  The telephone In the city editor's,  room rang. In a few minutes tliat individual walked Into the reporters'  room, looked around quickly and  caught sight of the figure of Topson.  the only Idle mnn In the room.  "Topson!". he called, then hesitated n  moment. The city editor wanted some  good work, accomplished. He wanted  it quick, and Topson wns anything but  quick. ������ However, lie continued:  "Go ovcr to No. 1 nnd report to Fox.  Ho will bo In the detective department.  Got a murder story. See what It is  ���worth. Ring nie up and let me know  what lt needs In the wny of Illustration  and so forth. Make a good spread of  It, but none of your long theories.  Want this thing short and breezy.  First'murder In a month. Now, hustle!"  Topson donned his coat and, after  slowly filling liis pipe, left tlie room  with apparently no further thought  than if be had been sent across to get  n paragraph'about the annual meeting  of the society of Know Nothings. Such  things as murder stories, social galher-  I ings or pink teas occur as mere Incidents'in u reporter's daily life. It in  nil work to him. and tliat is the wny be  figures it up.  An hour hnd passed since Topson left  the ollice and no word came froni hlni.  The city edllor wns getting lestless.  Fo* Iind returned fiom police bend-  quarters with .'another story, but beyond the fact that .Topson'had reported  to him and had'been given the .'detail  he knew.nothing of his whereabouts.  Two hours passed and no Topson. It  was now 1:30 n. in., and the city edi-  ' Alivnyn Dcliind.  "Why do they speak of 'following  the races?'"  "Because no one ever got abend of  them."���New York World.  'wiir.nr. uave vou  iikkn, tos>sosV'!  he  -.CALLED.ASUlllbY.  tot* was furious. lie was wading  through late copy when.some one en  li'i-cd tlie room by the outer hnll door,  and then the city editor was uwaie  that n bunch of something cnnie down  wnlr a thud upon the desk at his el  bow    He looked up.  "Wliere liave you been, Topson?" he  railed angrily as thntindividiial made  to h'iiM1 U7e"rooiu7 '   "Writing the slory," leplied Top*on.  "No good for Illustrations, so I did not  phone, it's all there, the whole yarn,  nud it isn't a bad one el I her."  'I'bls was a new role I'or Topson. The  city editor was taken aback. Topson>\  had iiftually wakened up. and here,  alter a two short hours or so. hntPro-  turned with (he story fully piepared.  '.Veil. If It needed Illustrating It could  yet he done.  ������Very well," said tlie elty editor;  "ih.'t vi!l i'n. but in future I want you  l.i plume me when I suy so" c  ���'Yes. sir." And Topson left the  ronni Tin owing olT III*. O'.crcoat. lie  resumed his loiingiug attitude at the  desk, and sat in silence until he beard  the city editor yell:  ���'What the deuce! y I say, Topson.  mine here!"  '|np*.ii:i went  "Hi!- uiiil.es me tired." went on his  "l:l'*f ''Ymi avIII run In your own In-  .femur theories.    Now take that whole  ���"���*!  oui  and  cut  It  down  to good,  I'.'.l   ���.���iiiiiiiiou   sense,   and   be  quick  ���ill it.    'leewhiz!    Listen to this!"  *    i.  et   on.   raving  at   Topson   and  ,' ���    from ��� (lie. .reporter's "Copy:  ��� .ii"..'crrr. nfter talking to the  pi 'cu about llfteen minutes seized  'i> uhe arm. dragged her into the  "���, | 11 lor. and In a fit of temporal'}'  .inlt.i   shot her through tlie, brain.  Killing lier inkaiitly. He thei.-Vopeuted  of bts rash act'   Do you hear. Todsou?  'He repented of'his rash net.'" ; The  city editor-laughed outright.  "Oh, what's tho use of writing rot  like that? .The.woman was killed Instantly, and no one hns seen the murderer since. Have you interviewed hlni  or her, whichever it Is?; If you have,  you had better say so and I will'feu*  ture it. Topson, you make uie tired.  You have got to quit this nonsense or  you go. Now take this copy and cut  out all that sort of stuff. Were you up  to the house?"  "Yes, sir."  "Then give the artist an idea of the  place for n three column cut. Walt a  minute, and I'll bring him down here."  Ho rung the bell; the ollice boy responded.  "Tell Mack 1 wnnt him down here at  once."  "Yes, sir," said the youth, and  added, "Two gents outside wnnt to  see you, sir."  "Oh, show them In," replied tlie elty  editor, looking nt the ���nrds, Tlie men  entered. ,  "Hello, Ross! Shako, i-'rltz. What's  up?"  "Oh, only this murder affair. I want  to'ask you 'something. Duncan.' You  know nil the. city newspaper men  pretty well and"���  "But," Interrupted the city editor,  looking at Topson and then continuing  sarcastically: "If you waut to .know  anything about this murder, nsk Top-  son.He Is on the case for us. I was  just roasting blm because ho seems to  have had an interview with the murderer, nnd he"���  "Topson!'' muttered Detective Ross.  "Topson! Let me see. You weren't one  of the boys up at the house viewing  the scene with me. How the deuce did  you got in? I just left the place, nnd  It is all locked up."  "By hen vens!" exclaimed Fritz, nml  lie scratched bis head. "A literary  man, Topson. No, not Topson. but  Thompson. Ain'tthat what the woman's husband wiis���Thompson���a literary man? Whew!" And he whistled.  "Great God!" cried Duncan. "No.  surely not. Topson, speak up, man!  Don't you see what Fritz'menus? You  tlie���the"��� Tlie city editor could������ not  bring himself to sny It.  Topson never flinched. He wns very  pale, but that was all. He simply  smiled.  "I am not good at making guesses,"  he replied firmly, "nnd. I theorize too  much.'but you are^ontoa scoo[i, Mr.  Duncan, so make good use of it The  woman was my wife���once, nnd left  ine when I needed her most. I'mel  hor tonight for the first time in live  j'ears. and I nm even." lie gritted his  teeth. "Want mo to finish up the story  ptoperly?" He tried to smile again as  Duncan gazed at him In horror.  No one bpoke^ Detective Ross, looking at Topson, shifted his eyes toward  the outer door nnd left the room. Top-  sun understood, turned Into the reporters'.room, got his overcoat; walked  toward the door nnd out, followed by  Fritz.  "Well, he's a thoroughbred,"- remarked Duncan to the artist Inter. "Make  n two; column cut of him."  ;Dtlrk  DoIngH.  When nny one asked little Mrs.  Pratt her opinion on the question of  equal suffrage, she' hud her answer  ready. "I don't want to hear any  thing about It." she would say picas  nntly, but firmly, "and I'd just as soon  tell you.why. It's because there's got  to be a concealment and mystery about  voting, nnd I like things open and  nboveboard. It's the way I wns  brought up. nnd the wny I shall always feel If I live to be a hundrdii.  "I've had oue experience, nnd that's  nil I want. A friend of mine talked  and talked to me about voting on the  educational question till at last I said  I would because 1 was brought up to  think a grent deal of education, end 1  always sliall. So 1 gnve up ijn engagement to go to the polls and register  (and the dress was almost spoiled on  account of my missing that trying on.  too, because she didn't wait to see  whether it fitted or not, but stitched  thc scums right up), and then I took  the greatest pains lo go and vote Just  us they'd told me to, nnd what do you  suppose lienry Pratt told ine afterward? My vote was thrown out because 1 Iind the frankness to write my  full nnme and address on.it!  "I told Henry that nothing would  surprise tne alter that���nothing!"  When'' AntoiitlietlcM. M'ere Nevr.  ���It-^viis-pi'edletud-th.it-the-uioKt_se-_  rlous malpractices would follow the  introduction of the uuu'.sthotie art. It  was feared that tlie art would he used  by the robber, by the inindercr, by  those who were desirous of committing deeds of violence, and tliat, lu  short, it would be a menus "of j putting  tlio most dungeroHs aud ready woap.on  of evil ever dreamed of Into the bauds  of the evil disposed, the worst dls  posed of the whole community.      sT  It was argued that the practice, however safe uud successful it might be.  wus sinful, wus opposed, to the'divinely  appointed decree und could not be'sustained except In direct deliance' of  righteous Inw; for. v.'ns not mini born  to stiller, und was not pain a part of  the curse lhat had fallen ou man by  Ills llrst disobedience to tiie Almighty  will?  It wns Insisted on by a more practical gioup or objectors that as tlie  process of anii'slhesia became general  In Its application, the mortality induced  by aiircsthesin would or itself,be tlie  death warrant of the decl.ucd nd  vancenient and bring ull Its glory lo  the dust     Fnr Woreo.  "Alma  and Clara  have not spoken  since they took pnrt iu private theatricals,"  "1 see; professional Jealousy."  "No; worse.    Amateur."���New York  Tros��.  THE ELDER SOTHERN.  A Couple   oj lhe  Celebrated   Come*  .;  dlan'a Prnctlcnl Joke*.  Many stories nre told of Sothern's  original methods- of entertaining, his  friends at dinner, nnd possibly the  .most nmuslug is that of the belated  guest. : When, late In the dinner, this  friend wns announced, Mr. Sothcrn exclaimed, "Let us' nil hide under the  table," and down they nil went save  Mr. Sothorn"himself, who remained  seated. When thetnrdy guest entered,  Mr. Sothern rose and received him  with exquisite courtesy, sayliig, "When  your namo wns. announced, my guests,  for some unaccountable reason, nil hid  under the table." After a few moments of discomfort one by one they  crept out nnd buck to their seats.  I henrd from both Mr. Sothcrn and  Mrs. Vincent this nccount of nn outburst of fun ntu dinner given by hlni  hi his pnrlor nt the Revere House: As  the'guests, ten In number, were gath- ���  ered nbout the open fire before dinner  a stout, pompous waiter, alllictcd with  short breath, added the last touches to  his dinner table, already spread. Ten  lnrge, square pieces" of.'bread were  placed ��� with mathematical, precision  one at each plate,'nud then he left the  room to bring tho wine. Mr.'Sothciii  snw his opportunity and, calling his  dog, cried: "Tiger, the bread! Quick.  Tiger!" And the nimble little gray-  hound bounded'.lightly upon the table  again nnd again as he heard his master's Imperative "Fetch the bread!"  until.ench piece luul been removed to  a dark corner near the fire.  Upon the waiter's return nil was silence. The expectant look upon.'-'Mr.  Sothern's fnce showed only that dinner  wns awaited. .'Standing for a moment,  bewildered, the waiter, soclngfno bread  upon the table, hesitatingly turned to  the door, then retraced his steps to  the table, examined It carefully and  hurriedly left the room. He soon reappeared with a "fresli plate of bread,  and ngain at each pinto a piece was  carefully placed, nnd he retired with  tho empty plate. "Quick. Tiger! Fetch  it agnin!  More bread!   More bread!"  And once more each piece was removed before the grave waiter reappeared, and nil were ngain silent. One  look at the table and one nl llie  guests, and there remained..no doubt.  Those poor, hungry nctois had eal.Ton  it! With a look of contempt lie announced dinner, nnd after ull were  safely seated nt the table'be brought  a,third plate of bread iind wllh a fork  pl.iced it, with a gesture of scorn,  piece by piece for each person and for  the host. The merry scene soon disarmed his hostility, and before the  evening was over the bread in the corner wns revealed.���Mrs. Lucy Derby  Fuller in Century.  ' Mennlen and��� Ammonia.  A Detroit woman'who Inhors amotig  the poor children of the city was telling, her .experiences.  "One day there was n death in the  neighborhood; a little girl died, and the  children were visibly Impressed. They  told me nbout it in unison.  " 'It was better for her, wasn't It  missus?':one little girl said philosophically.  " 'Mrhat WTisthe trouble?' 1 asked.  " 'Oh." another spoke up, 'she had  measles nnd ammonia on the lungs aud  a lot of things.'  "Iwas bficourse deeply impressed  by the 'lots of things,' but more so by  the 'uiuuiouia-oh the lungs.'."  Knew .Tl'Iint to Do With It.  A miserly, landlord was going round  collecting his rents the other day. At  ouo house lie was greatly interested In  a little girl who watched, open mouthed  and open eyed, thc business of paying  over tlie money and accepting the receipt I- ^  He patted lier on the head nnd started out to search hLs pockets, saying, "1  must see what 1 have got I'or you.'"  After seaiching ills pockets for some  time he ut hist brought from a remote  corner u peppermint. As he handed it  to the girl he snld, "And now what will  you do with tlmt?"  The little girl" looked nt lt then nt  him nnd replied, "Wash it."���London  Answers.  'A Useful Rhyme.  If poisoned, talto mustard or salt, tablespoon.  In a cup of  waim  water anil  swallow  right .noon.  For burns try borax anil a wet bandage,  loo; ,  if. blistered.-then 'oil'and dry* flannel1 will  . do.   . .__   _____  For   children's   convulsions   warm   baths  arc the rule;  With castor oil  dose,  too,  but. keep the  head cool.  Give  sirup of  Ipecac  when  croup   Is In  store: /  For fiiintlnersiretcir patient rlsht out, on  tliejloor.  To sonlt ln'hot .water.Is best for a sprain:  Remember these rules, und 'twill save you  much pain.  , DlucerulnB Germ*.  "Whnt,Is this stuff?" asked the testy  husband,' sputtering over a  mouthful  of the strnnge'dish which lie tlndson \-\  the brenkrnst table. .  \\  "That" answers the thoughtful wife, - i  "'Is the new health food,"  y"lt ought to be healthy," declares tbe  husband.    "I'll  bet  no germ  of any  sense would fry to lire'on It!"���Haiti-  more American.  t        . .  Vory'Clone. fj  "I wns surprised to hear yon speak- |  lng ngulnst Flynlskyn. You told meiy  some time ngo lie wns your neutest '  friend."  "That's so.  He couldn't be any nearer ,|J  than he is, tlie stingy old beggar!"  Not Modem.  First Yacht���Nancy's not at all mod  est, yon know. , (  Second Yacht-How's that? /'  First Yacht-She was seen hugging  the Jersey const ns she passed In.���New  York Times.  ^*SfeS.efc  ttfi^^^^sn^s^sss^iaiii GOWNS OF THE DAT.  r  /  BI  .  SMART COSTUMES WORN   BY RIVER,  HILL AND SHORE.  BInrkedI> New I'olnta Iu the Latent  I'rucka���Tli�� Aarroweit "of Plain  rroiits ��� Elaboration at the Hem.  The Multiplication of bklrtH.  Gowns more or less on the sailor  model for thc rher and thc blioic loom  up among thc Impoi tant fashions of  the t*iy The toilet in special demand  must be a simiit one, which will bear  nt onic the sctutlny of ciftlc.il eyes  and the cliancc e\Igcncles of the  weather.  licit ing these latter ln mind, experience dictates wool as (he principal  factor. Silk, linen or cotton 01 nnv  tmes of nny of them nie perfectly  clurmlng wheie neither crushing nor  splashes hn\o to be taken Iuto consideration, but tlie effect on the dnlntl  FRUIT CANNING.  IfATEST XniNO IJJ A PLAIN GOIVV  est toilet of eithei aftei some bonis of  a soinowhnt cinmped postme In n bo.'tt  oi the inildest'inipiomptu shown bath  has been encounteied ls distinctly tin  in\iting Also wisdom advises* tho  ^option of some foim of bolero or  co.it woni oven the thinnest of sijk  slips, for sudden chills oi unexpected  'W.lnds nre npt to come up  Two marked fen tmes In the latest  gowns nre e\!deiat to the obseivant  ojc. The fiist is the pre\.ilence of the  n.uiowest of plain fiont goies In  slJits, elaboration at tho hem in the  shape of flounces, stinpplngs, embi old-  erics or, newest of'all. nirnppniciit  multiplication of undctbkhts, stalling  from cither side of it Tlie second Is  "the rage for little Jnnqi \ests to oren  conts of all descriptions, these hitter  sometimes taking the form of pi act I-  cully n straight, u.inow slip, .ilmost  after the fashion of an officer's mess  jacket,' sometimes foi mod pr.ictic.illy  into n cia\nt. _  Very charming Is the effect of the  nccompnnying sketch, which shows  both these'details can led out in white  seige 01 cloth with the knotted cravat  lest hi pale blue bilk spotted with  white and n corselet baud of the same  nnd one w Inch, >v bile keeping on lines  of nlmost utilltailnu simplicity, yet  strikes a note of reasonable smaituess  The bkirt li.is its plain uubioken  ft ont'gore cut to spiead gracefully at  the feet and foi ins at the sides anil  back two simulated undeiskhts The  buck Is absolutely plain .it the waist  fulling into a nnttow fold either side  of llie-eentei some si\ Inches down  The coat Is the snrirtest o'f suck bo  lcros, guiltless of coloi, as indeed aie  most of the up to date coats, and fits  slightly into the figuie ut the back to  fall in undulating folds in thc fiont  Cur Home Method*���GolnG hy Measure Rather Than Welch!.  Many housekeepers pipfei to go by  measure lather than by weight when  canning fiuit for winter. In some in  stances indeed this is a matter of com  pulsion lather than preference, as not  every kitchen cun boast of a p.ih of  scules.among Its furnishings Most of  the icclpes ghen for 'prep ulng fiuit  lcQiiiie ono or moie of the nigiedlents  to be weighed, but the dhections ie  produced heie from Tabic Talk uie ie  strictcd to racism ls as much as possible.  Blackberries and bluebcriles requite  ouo te.tciipful each of water and sug.n  to every qiuirt of'fiull by actual mens  urcment Make a thin sirup of the  water and one-half the stigui. Wheu  It bolls, bkim and add the fiuit Lit  lt biiumer gently for Iho minutes, add  the test of the sugar, let it come to a  boll again, can lyid seal at once. I'i iss  the berries, gently under tho shup  while cooking, but do not break or  mash them Add the juice of n lemon  to e\eiy thice quatts of bluebeiiles  Can eldoibellies exactly .is duected  foi bluebeiiles, only omitting hnll the  amount of wntei  Damsons gieen gages .ind yellow  gages requue a cupful nnd a half of  sug.n to each quait of fiuit Punt  tine each plum two 01 tlueetlines with  a dinning needle, place in l.ijeis witli  thc stigai and let stand ovei night  In tiie morning bring slowly to the  boiling poiut and let simuiei until the  fiuit is tetidei, but not biokcu, skim  and seal  Peaches should be thinly'pared or  skinned in boiling wnter, halved,  stoned and tluowu Into cold w.itei  Foi every foui'quails of poichcs make  a sirup w ith two cupfuls ot sugnr und  four cupfuls of watei. When It boils,  dintn the peaches tiom the cold water,  put them in the sit up, bring It quickly  to thc boiling point, then lemove to the  hack of tlie l.mge and let siinmei \eiy  gently until tendei, but not soft Sell  nt once.  In cunning penis use the same pio  portions of fiuit, sugar nnd w.itei us  directed foi peaches P.nc ird h.il\e  the pons and cook thorn iu boiling wn  tet until tendct, (hen dialn and add  them to the boiling suup Let sihi  mcr lor the minutes and seal  ' AMATEUR WORK.  A'   DecoratlTe   and   Dlprnlfled    Doc-  honn^ For tbe Garden.  Descending from the oftler things  w 1th w hlch the amntcur nouic car-  poutci and cabinet maker Is wont to  trifle, a suggestion, welcome uo doubt  to many suburbanites, is piesentoJ  heiewlth for the constiuction of a do'.:  kennel.   We might, If we had .1 aiind.  ' silver a:;d gilt.  TEA SERVICES AND  OTHER  THINGS  FOR A TASTEFUL TABLE  An  I^unU}   Made  Lnce Collar.  Foi summei use turndown and  broud. fl.tt collars have become quite  fashionable A design foi one whlcli  is pnitlculailj of inteiest to the novice  .NOT AND POINT COLTiVIl  In lacemaking because it gi\os a ptottv  ellcet without much woik is icpio  duced fiom Good IIouf-oKocpIng  The net should be taietully hasted  on the pattern. Then follow the pit  tern caicl'ullv witli (he build, basting  fiibt. Uso '200 thic.td and n shoil. hue  needle to sew the braid on with L -.e  evtieme cine in sew rig the bi.i'ds 01  the net, as the slightest di.iwlug or  pucLeilng iiiiiis tlie woik lnstintl}  Sliould moie elitbot.ile woik he re  qulied cobwebs around tlie boidei cut  ting the web ltom under the studies,  ptodutc a loiely uQect.  M.w DLsros" ion a doh iuwu,  trace In a cuisoiy fashion the history  of dog kennels In gcnei.ii, fiom the  time of Diogenes downward, but wo  think th.it n glance at the sketch will  convince .my one lint the suggestion  Is worlh eaiijln"- out foi its intrinsic  beauty, to which wo must add tint  such appliances luinil a usplul .ind  nocc-sai} puipose. and we ni.i\ theie-  foieullon the I1ibt011c.il dignity of the  kennel to be tioutul of by some moie  leisuied 01 Intciesicd wnloi  Theie Is, unloitiin.itelj, not suflicieiit  spice to gl\e In tills column lull sbe  woiking dnwings for the c.npentiv  part of this undertaking, but the ho\  can ciisllv he made by nny one who is  toleiablj skilliul .it the bench and the  an lngonient of tho 100I Is s'llhciunth  indi< 1 ted by the sketch 'lhe coIihium  at the side will be applied .11 toi tlie  bov. is complete, as will llso the  turnery nnd cut thiough woik ,ibo\e  The top of the kennel might, I! debited, be (ovoiod with felt, which is  often seen on smh things, but ii the  Joints weie seem eh filled with pint %  the loof would piolnbh be w.itei tight  without any otliei addition The colo,  of the kennel might be 01 gieen 01 le d  color Tins will depend, how cut  I.ngeh upon the tint of the feme 01  v.nil ne.u winch it Is to be id iced The  sides of the Kennel nie composed of ,1  number of btilps of match bo.ird���'ng  not quite so stihbtfiuti.il us the plxts  in use for the fiont and the ioof \  ung 01 staple to which the chain ol  the dog em be attached I1** nut shewn  bociiise with a Kennel ol this s 0-  iind .ilthougli it 1011'd be 111 ule in v nl  ous dimension*, it Is hnidlv ever II ��ely  to be huge enough to be of g'cit  weight���It ib useless to .ittich tlie .1111  111.1I to its habitation, since .1 little e\  tin \lgoi exerted will icsult in the  kennel being dinged about the g.n  den dimiged and tho dog pi ictienih  atllboilv V staph or long lion sei ow  like thoco tisid foi tennis nets, ���should  be diheti Info the giound in fiont of  tlie kennel, nnd the chain of -the dog  rould then he attached to this  Ola KukIIkIi Shane* Are tbe Elcgart  Mode���Utieon Anne nnd Color.lnl,  Ten Cuitdi ilm! Cuddy Spoon���Deuu-  tlful nml Huh Coloring*.  The fctjlcs of olden days are gieatly  piUed jii.t now Iu sliver tublcw.iie  Of couise they are usually io\hed  "wllh ,1 difcience" that scivcb to (lib  tlngmsii tliem fiom theli piototjpcs  Antique If'iglish bhapes aie highly t.i  voied (Julto inw among these .ue tea  uml coffee puts rugar busliib and cieiim  Jugs with lounded bases suppoited by  four, 01 It miy be only three, slioit  logs or <.u\ed feet. In some of the  latest sets ,1 hollow ilm ban* is adopt  ed 'lhe cut shows one of the Inst of  these styles, n ...lines I. afternoon ten  sei wee, with ebony handle and knob  lo the tciipot.  This cleu'i" icptoductlon fitim tho  antique is, howevei, quite a dtpaituie  fiom stind.ud poiHihu .styles, 101 in  tliese tlie Queen A1I10 and colonial still  retain then vogue  Quih.t little icts of teipot eie unci  and sttgiii bisin show ,1 nil Ik 1 dull  sihei hnlsh, on which ia l.ih d woiK  and eoloied en imels ,ue the long pen  duloiib purple blossoms and g.ein  loues ot tho Chinese wist.iu 1  A te.i set uliyso jnspu it on evidently  pioceeds from the hnd oi the chit*��� in  Piano  Drudicer;.  The pi notice ol scales, arpeggios nud  ihe finger excieises is counted diudg  ery by most youug students of the pi  Inuo. nnd because they hate exoicisos  nnd neglect theii practice we have  many unfinished pianists whose'play  Ing might give moie plensuie to them  sehes aud others If they could lenin to  make this diudgeij a plc.ibuie.  Youug people, you should put lovo in  all that you do "How can I love what  I hate and despiseV" jou n&Ic Tliis  seems a paiadox, yet It is not Impossi  ble. By doing c\ciything as well as It  cun be done 01 Jt least as well .is it Is  possible fot you to do It nt th.it (hue  you will giadujlly lenin to lo\c youi  task . ������  A DnlnM  Summer De����ert.  For the linpe.nl I'liiiein.inge heie  lllllsti.iled Table 'lull; glv-M the following leelpe Scnld one pint of mill;  In n double hoilei Dissolve thice ta  blc-poontuls of coinsl.ueh In 11 little  cold milk, tin n qttlcKh into thc hot milk  and sth until thickened nnd smooth,  add one qu.utoi of u tenspoontul of  salt and tlnee tablespoo if ills of sugu,  (O.ri and cool, toi twentv minutes  tt hip the whites of  tluee eggs to a  stiff dry fioth. add to the eoolwd coin  bMAKI' bliAblDE OOHN  Tlie sleeves nie of the new l"i'iglng  shape, with simulated undeislei-.cs to  cotiespoud with lhe sKht  Less on the liillor mnde und woiK  nd.iv ordei Is the seaside gown nl tin  fcKond cut, whicli Is by no nieufs luu  Ited to the s]iheie of uselillness Indi  ciited by its name Its diamond Kiev  and n.inow \chet ribbon g.uultuie 11  lu strati* two veiy fin 01 lie Items of  fashion in genei.il  This gown Is of geinnlum ied veil  ing, etiimlue or foulnid, lined with  white tatletn and set off with spaced  set of tucks and graduated diamond  loraiges Uncommon tluee-quartei  sleeves lit tight from shoulder to elbow  and fall \eiy full down to the long  Kid gloves The pointed belt Js of  white moire to harmonize Jn color with  tho liirp, ���"  'Ihe icason of this ls not haid to  find When we aim at peiteotjon, we  nsphe. Asph.ition is the attitude in  whicli we should lhe, and It brings us  lew.uds that others uo\oi Know. Many  would like to do gieat things well, but.  not many arc willing to tij lo do small  things well, which alone 111 ikes it pos  sihle to do great things well ��� Etude  Crenm rilllnjt For Cliocolate (.lire.  Poi a delightful cliocolate c.eme 1111  lng foi luyei caKe tiy the follow1*;  One and .1 quniter sipiaiei of ihoio  lite, one cupful of sugnr. tliiee-quu  tois of a cupful of lioin, om* eighth of  a te.ispoonlul of salt, two cupfuls of  mill: two eggs nnd a teaspoonful of  vanilla Melt the ( hocolnte lu a double  build, uih the sugu nnd flout, il;  und ml IK and add (he two egg-, sllgl l  l\ beaten Cook the ni'Muie ill loci  minutes In 1 double boilei then add  the chocolate and one ti.ispooiiful of  IMI'UIIAL BhANCllANOE.  'Garnished with whipped emim and candied fruits ]  starch with one teaspoonful of vanilla  and nils tboioughly togpthei, then  tu.n into wetted molds \\ hen chilled,  turn the eninstiiich out on Individual  ('islnxj. pom lound each several spoon  tills of lhe simp fiom enned i.isp  bemes_i iiiLgiii'drh-Wlth-a fow-ci'ii-  died ehenles nijie f 1 nlt and whipped  dream may take the place of the biiup  Ice Crenm Sun��Hilchen.  Ice cienm sandwiches nie nice to  serve nt luncliions They are mide of  sponge cake tilled w 1th plain or fancy  Ice eieam Sometimes a hot chocolate  er f 1 mt simp 01 whipped cream Is  ponied ovei the s.iudwldi.  I Idle   MpH I'or the Toller.  Keiosene oil is the easy rlnc 1 le.inci  IIoi'xeboulR .ue the Litest miiiiiii ������  howes  .Milk Is 11 pleiMint substitute foi snip  In dishwashing  Nothing bili-bteus old binss and  ulcKil bett"i" thiu stiong nmi.ionli  Old \, lllow Ji.ilis ",ie easily ili'-iimI  In the iiov, fasliiuii.iblc gnen aud tin  eoluib  Clean e.istein mattings and banibio  fuinltuic with w uiu h.iltand w.itei to  jami si ai ru noon 't i" v si r.vic,  (heiuuni hns ih it llowci enameled in  ehifietoiistie colois ���goldin vcllovv  nnd iloll in noon with gieen K*.*ve*  Heeled with ve'lo" hi own .is ono hi-*  oi.on see.i than flowing in old fash  10'ied guldens  Old fashioned pinellng Is vei" eo.i  spieuous In tea sots and slmil.ii ,nh  eles, some of the pleies being live  sided, otheis si\ a>'d the cetagon on  the whole the lavoiitc foim  A tea seivice of tiuc Punch daintl  ness has its seveial sleniici pi"ies  shipcd In many -sti.iiglit and iiinov  pinels oi facets of plain silvei, wilh  the c'liiiuctoiisllc g.n Kind of the em  pue aeioss the top of etch  It may he sild tl-it the tall gi.'iecful  flagon foi ins and tlie low, squ it shapes,  pi iln smooth llnrh 01 heavily cli.iscd  and eiabcsed oiiMiuciit .ue all eq**il  ly lushioiible in silvei wine at piesent.  and o'ic his wldo choice among othei  f.iuciiul modes  Silvei lei caddies revive the pleasant  old time nie'hod of biewinj, the cup  that cIkcis Some of thein me of  plnn, bi'���ht sihei, and no added 01  unrncut is allowed lo inliingc ujion the  beauty of theii admli.iblc eontoi.i  One of these is of oblong shape, vv Ith  the comets cut oil, so to speak, m ik  ing it, stiie'.l.v spe.ak.ng, octagonal  This is in plnn 'night sihei, and tlie  covei lifts off by a top 01 lundle  Otheis. like the Piench style shown  In the cut, display an el.ibi'.it'On of  clnstd ind repousse worK Theie .tie  ten (sddy spoons galore, ropieductions  of old old Dngllbh specimens and  inodd n models of equal ment  Iftlght silvei uud giay In veiy many  nh i Ics ,'ie equally fashionable, with a  leaning pci haps to the-lattei  Gilt has been largely liilioduced Into  siheivvnie of every Kind wltiiin the  past year oi two, eithei as the etitne  1 nish of an aitiele or only a part ol It  Gill Is nlso gicith Mined In tone  Wondeiful aie ihe shadings of gold  used in the handles of spoons, foiks  nnd seivei, designed foi specinl table  pmpo-es Sometimes a gieenlsh. tnr  inslicl oi antique effect is achieved  Other hues nio so daik ns to almost  i.i.isk-lliL��� id('ntity-of-the-iiietaI_but  ro^t pleasing is u new tl.inieliKe hue  I olning In Itself i suggestion of the  iiehncos of burnished coppci  Spoons, foiKs nnd cups linumiei ible  l.ink as prob.ibh the next most sink  lng Item of table furnishings in bilvci  'vanilla     When cold   spu*ul betvvion I prevent climglng ( doi  the la  eis of e.ile , ���    The ban.ina Is veiy  good If peeled  split down the center and bnKcd with  Dlitcl lierrj   Jin,  Allow thieiMiuntuis of a pound of  sugar to a pound of bei'ies Put the  ben ics In a piesoiiing Kettle mi h  them until'enough juice (lows to pie  vent burning, then heat Movvh ,i:d  mush until nil aie broKen. CooK Iwen  ty minutes,' then ndd thc sugni n* d  cook ten* minutes longci Put into  small jais or tumbieis and seal  a little buttei mm sugai  A little chloiido of lime In watei  boiled for fl few moments in the en uu  clcd saucepan will remove many stains  fiom the latter  A cake of mngneslr is a good fiiend  to tht economical woman In these days  of light frocks .Rub soiled spots well  with it ou both sides nud hung the  garment aivnj for awhile,  I  FAIR AND ACTIVE FEET.  Comtort In Hot  v.'cnUier or al  Any  Other 'Umt- In Uaaily Attained.  Not wl'cll.v icspcsible foi th" t<** der  feet whlcli c.insc some vvome'i ii'i'iy  unhajipj hotns during the vai.ii  v,"c.ithci eie the shoes they weui. I ie  quently the pain comes fiom Inch of  piopei cue, yet very few of the fill  creatures who trip daintily .ilong  would admit that tl ey hnve neglect-d  a le.illy iuipoitint part of the d illy  toilet, >-a.vs Hie New Ywk| Hei lid In  piefnee to the following eicelleiit id  vice  lt is umiecc'iny to dwell upo-i Uie  heuclleial ejc(ts lesiilting fiom balh  ing lhe feet tieqnentl} and piopeil.v  lXtieineh hot water shou'd nevei lc  used, as it tends to nuke the si in  moie sen itivc than evei I.tiKevii'in  watei Is alwavs lust, though in >��� i'n  inei few (.in ii'Msi. the (lelightiul >(u  silion of plunging the w.nni and du-tv  feet Into veiy cold water One tin j  lu favoi of the latter Is the fnit t'i it  it helps to make the shin lnm and  in id  When vou come in tiied ,u,d dtistv  fiom a hot div's tramp, do.rt tu.it  youi pedal cuiemitles to a bath with  soap and watei and tlio.i th i K thev  hive leeched sullicie.it at c< tion.  Give them tlie htlli ceit.ilnh hi.t go  about II thotoiigli'v and gcntlv ,r. If  the feet w ei e in ule foi bO.acth ng else  than just to stund on  Aftei tbci have been piopeilv  cleansed l'ub thein all ovei with a too'  lug lotion \.jt(h h.i/el is e\ce,llent  for it takes away th.it piiekllng sen  sntion uml soothes any iinteted spe!>  Dm mg the summei thc feet Lhstei  e.isih". and when this is lhe cisj it is  well to use some similar lotion as fie  quently as is eonvenieiit  When the lotion has been uccd. spi In  Klo ovei the lops of the leet and between the toes line powdci This will  be fourd almost as elfectual as the  lotion hi the >v.ij of allaying sum ting  nnd iint.'tion It is quite nutut.il that  the skin vv lilcli Is between the iocs  should bhbtci and chafe  Immediately after the hath it Is an  tvcllcnt Idea to mns'-ngo the feet .rid  Ankles nnd even the legs is f.n as the  knees' There is one infinitum movement In stimulating the ci cu! illon In  the feet aud this Is to pic-s the tips of  the hinds and the fingers ll.it agilnst  the (.ilf of the leg and with o'ic stioKe  liib to lhe veij tips of the toes y.ne  somo one do tins to youi feet when  you feel uiiiisv iHv tlicd, mid you will  be astonished ���t the ldief lint conies  almost limned) ileh  V ch nige ol >-hoes Is one of th" hest  remedies for thed feet flesh slock  lugs, of com se, w ould he v oi n and if  aftei you hive given the teei i e.neiul  lieitment vou aie paiticaln iboiillhe  w iv vou diavv on the bo-e���th't is, do  not rub off all the powdei which wes  put on foi the' pin pose of soolhlng tho  skin and di j lng up any nioistiue vv Inch  in 13 foi m���the eh ipces ale Hint tin*  feet will feel decidedly comfoitable  Moie powdei dusted into the shoes  mikes thoni slip on very easily, so that  they stem at lcsl one si/e larger tli in  bef 01 e  IN FASHION'S CURRENT.  1   Clt.it uti.i*^   i*lnl��   Cuutunie���Deuntl-  frl Mnxlliis��� Chic Parabola.  Of poi)i|Mdoui pink louisine Is tbe  cli.niniiig noek hli'.sttdtcd. veiled on  tbe Loiliu* .rid h'gh shaped flounce  with chenille ���-potted silk net and with  pilled 11. ci ivlee>vos of like mateii.il.  Hlch enl oidny lu white elieuille,  ciyst.'l beds and mother of peail  spindles add ns the tabliei that expands v idelj to'vaid the feet Lace  iiibe'ilioes ,'i'd appliquedesei die biaees,  oulline the neck ope1 Ing. tho gaiuo  ptiliing ol (How si-eves and tho short  ii'scilid tuna* In gagid g.itue Thici*  shaped bands fouii a tilplo cusci'iit  ah iped liasqtu*. the top bai'd being en  thcly inlaid with lace, the set lined  with ruddy velvd con (spending both  with the *-aliii belt nud biacelcts tied  Willi biilteilly bows  A voli'inlnotis uiflle in tulle sprinkled wllh lose petlN of puffed silk  and a plateau  hit of '-ti.ivv   with a  A^X/'if^  _&_V viz** *��� <f*&?L  0mM$y^  Vnrlel*  In Ifntfl.  Sbephci(less hflls with bioad soft  bums having i di iv of lice nnd  widths of loses v 1, 1 long staif ends  falling behind, aie e\ticnieb cilectlve  ONE OP TIIE SISIPUEn bOltT  nmbroiderod linens mounted on wide  bummed foi ins are ehaimliigly dec  01 1 tod with floweis Plaited gi.t.s en  111ily composes some of the sinullei  cli.tpi*aii\ with n pei feet mass of wild  floweis Green still remains populni,  jilthough the combiu itlo'i of gieen .and  hire lu stiaws. shot taffetas and con  tenn wings ib now beeoii'l-ig n little  common.  Gathered  tulle nnd  taffeta  Clowns  with broad brims, garnished hy lunn  meiablc fiillb of inoti'-selliie. nie diiin  tilj ndoined with Unit and How eis.  A tvple.il hat of the -.cason of the  simplest soit, uppcais in the cut���.a  pi ile.in of cictmeiy w hlte stiavv cioss-  ed by a Inoad bow of black velvet lib  bon, with another hovv turning up the*  shape at tlie luck . J  1111 sen 1 la c vmiv. a��,d h:a cauh\ s.'n.is  Spoons flieii* *ie lor eveiy ptupo1-!* o'  ft.istlng, nud luyoud a few wl. ise  thstiuv appeiis on theli fme, thev  lead one l"'.o a sei of hewlldeiment  ���\mong lhe newei things the Indi  vidua! soup nnd bouillon spoons with  deep lound bowl and shoit om imeiital  handle, cnsilj d'stliigiiish themselves  In bony spoons and forKs elaboiate  flora! patterns have high favor  Indiv Idunl ice cream foi Ks 01 spo��ns,"  orung' spoons, salad foiKs laige berry  spoons, sugar shells, cremu Indies,  Jolly knives aud cake knives are only  a few ot the beautiful things'of specif!' and timely puipose just now.  Lemon .lellr Cuke rillliitf.  Beit one egg, ndd one e'tip of sugar,  bc.11 ngal'i, ndd lhe gi.itcd nnd. pulp  and juice of one lemon and one table-  spoonful of buttei r.oll all together  in the double bollet uhoiit five inllitiles  or until the egg Is cooked and It Ib  thick, tt hen cooled, spieid n llttlo  betwcen tlio lnyet" of the cuke This  ib sullleient foi four lujcis Oi tnge  filling e.111 be niade Iu (he smie way,  using one oiiuige li^tead of the lemon  ATTJIACIIVE bbMULB COSILME  wloath and undei tuft of rcsj's anfi a  profusion of loops in moss gueu satin  complete a costume with many good  fcaluiob  Never bnve piettler toilets been worn  nt fashionable tesorts Soft muslins  be.uitiliilly piinted, with inlets of lice  heie and theie, Ii ish lace aud blm k  luce diofcses over white v\ th beautiful embioldeii"), iiuudncd uie the  most not.ililf. fCfffuies. to���elliei with  lovely Ilovvei ttlii'ined h its and toques  The .may of pn.isjs too his been  uiiprceedcntedlv atliaetive not.iblo  ones being hrighl nn ind soft violet  Unite 6.1 tins and e'lirfons  raia*>o)s lnve indeed sui passed  themselves this season In beauty of  design and cNeciition the uewei bowed  shape .illo'i'l'ig conshleiably moio  sh "do and at tlu* s ine tiiue [lusentin^  n bolt'ei and illtogeihei haudscner ap-  peiiniiic  And wlnl" some .no n wealth of  fi ou fiou Unfloii lulls, sen'ltive to ev-  ci v zephyr, otliei s show a suitnce ren-  dtiid cqiilslte bv hand p 1 lutings em-'  Id (Alt nos 01   ippli d nistlri> of lace     *  111Kk velvet .ppllijifc l*iee his pioved  Itself a piitleula.h" decot.itive detail  on white sill, p.n.isols  Ilmplie fishiors appeal espcclilly to  piettv women, and thc volt uiitteiials  which might be Inexpensive aie len-  deied cost I v bv the e1 tlmi it( cinhro d-  enes m.is-ed lotted the feet and continued in mi'iute ( Htcied sp-avs all  ovei Ilowevei eH'igmg t'u sKitt i"iiy  be, tlieie ii'i"*t fie ijn iibuud,.uce of  runies nl the foot  Tl.e adoption ef white is one of the  doeioos cf the moment that fi"d nuin-  beiless cheetful lol'oweis esi eciallv  as fMadnme la Mode Is i, ost kind in  supplying endless nc"\ .*i.'pgciuents  wheieby a b.e.ik ol lehef is liilioduced  between the face and the fahnc  The Comiiloitoii   In  Hot  Weather.  A simiilc and good lotion for nightly  use to w .rd off the effects of the day's  outings is made of a diam of tincnne  of ben/oin, an ounce of rectified spirits  of wine and eight ounces of losew.iter  mixed, w ith the juice of a lemou added.  To pievent sunbuin nnd fieckles the  face should bo cov ei ed before going out  with a pure cold cienm, wliich is to be  icmovcd with i soft linen cloth, but  should be used with icahonahle econo-  niyT l>ovv~dcFis~tlieii applied fieely, nnd  the buperfliious nibbed off.  Luce DrcNMeii of the Senson.  Lnce dresses of yestei.ve.ir aie capable of lesusctiitioi), and tbe mini dif-  fciencc in tlielr dccoiullon is tint,  whereas last season the.v weie mostly  trimmed vvith u ilbbon outline In  whirligig design, this year lliev aio to  be found in combination w Uh n contrasting lace.  Wnter Frozen  In the Cornfo.  When water Is seived .it the table  from a caiafo, it may bo frozen In the  bottle with little trouble The carafe  should be tilled about a thhd full of  w.iter and packed Iu ice and salt,  winppcd around with wot newspnpeis  and then with dry ones and the water  will freeze in posslblj two houis The  carafe ls filled with water just before  it Is taken to the table.  Slrlhlntr I'oInU of I'loliloii.  Soft tlnled spiffed pet Is i conspicuously t.ivoieil gown faille  The m.aiqiilsc shapes tne slii,'tilnrly  Imppy hradgeai loi yadilln^.  Tin summer ghl uses b. iiilli'ul ��tl-  cntnl p.^ier fans to match eieh flock.  Moiiogi.inih aie* ev ery vv hei e Their  latest appeal.nice is in sihei sequins  on fans  Skill"1 nie obviously leaning tow ud  the fi'llei jupes and ovei skills of fot-  nier ih,:1  \\ Into sivge fl iiinel or monk's cloth  fashions e\centjniially chic g.iiments  foi bcaqolng we.n - .  With oigindie nmslins'n plethora ot  nunovv githeicd flounces has takon  the place of Insetted eutre deux, of  lace.  The little silk cord decoration and  the tassel, the ruche, the .sacl^ coat���  this Inst under Immensely Improved  conditions���nre well established reyiv-  als fiom fnshions of thc sixties.  IT      1SJ  xy\  . '���'-' T C^S'S*   Hl  1      l'.��.   '  ' t,  J-  "    k>V,j*f>(,'  '... 1^-  .<������.   >>  1   *     * j  . 'I  v3   >'  '*>   ��| ^i  -i"rtfT.inwnrtw��~r-ry���"���****���ir.���-...-.*���*,  SATURDAY OCTOHKR  25.   1903   _  WH  4  II  THE INDEPENDENT.    it,aM  intcrests-thc*  PUBLISH HI)    WEEKLY  IN THE IN-i  TBIlES'PS Oi-' THE -MASStSS  BV  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT      Ob"     FLACK     BLOCK,  HASTINGS STIU3ET,  VAN-  .COUVER. U. C.  SU INSCRIPTIONS  IN ADVANCE.  A wi'ek. 5 cents: month, 15 cents; three  Zoonths, 35 cents; nix montim, GG cents;  one yvar, 41.2fi.  ENDOUtiBU MY THK THADliS AND  LABOR COUNCIL, THK VANCOU-  VliiK URDU I'ARTY AND TUB  BUILDING  THADKS COUNCIL,  INI O N(^��TLABt:t>  The Independent can alw,ays be hail  at Galloway's, book store, arcade.    ��  SATURDAY   OCTOBKR   25,  tuos  SIMIOIAL OFFKK.  From now until the end of I'-'OU Thc  Independent may be Juul for' SI.25. Wo  hope that lliis offer will he taken' advantage of and Unit each suhseriber will  see to it that at least one new name  will be nririod to the list. If the workingman don't exert themselves to push  their paper how is it possible to make  its usefulness as far reaching in their  causa as  any  on   the continent?  It did not take long to dispose of  .that man Turte after.,The Independent  camped on  his tiail, |nb^r week.   ��� ���-.���)   Everyone was ticklodV The moininq  ?Tizcr speaking of the formal opening of  the Conservative club on Thursday night  says that "even the elevator hoy smiled." Many of the members also smiled  when  the   meeting  was  over.  tendencies are  away from* all capitalist parties���and  therefore they will be safe in joining  their forces in combat with thc capitalist parties. \    ,  "No socialist will assert that thc populists could have carried out their proposed measures, even had they not fused with the denmcrats. Neither will it  be lield that theie were other than capitalist, measures proposed '���by thu populists, and therefore the logical place for  them was in company with one or other of the capitalist purties, uud union  became nn irressistible mandate for  them.  "The v��.ry same fact, namely, that  the interests of the union labor party  and the socialist party are identical and  thu measures proposed are for the,, interest of thu working class, will, in  time, force the two organizations to  work together for their common end���  even though maintaining separate organizations.  "Joint . action bctweun the socialist  and the union labor party is therefore  not danderous to either party, ami is  tlie   ouly   safe   course   for   them   to, pcr-  slli'."  ILWCKIM1 AAD a.wlKEnfc  Tarte to the caretaker of the Vancouver postoflice building: "If you are not  pleased with the duties you are bound  to perform you will only have to say  60. 1 am sure I will not have much  trouble   replacing  you "  Laurier to Tarte: "If you are not  satisfied with, your job J will not have  much' .trouble iiT replacing you;- In fact,  I have waited upon his cm ellency .the  governor-geneuU  to  inform  hml  Ofa't,1, I  PACK HORSE VERSUS INOROUGHBRED.  [Written for Thk Ikdfi'ksmnt.]  Iknow I've no breeding, n >r beauty;  I'm unlit fur the pmk nr the track,  An nbW drnft horse, us a matter of course,  Has the avoirdupois thut 1 luck;  But I've Buffered in doing my duty;  Many fenrs you mny two i>n my Imck  - But I'd give you a whirl, 0 thorough-bred girl.  If you'd travel the trails with a puck.  r>  Small wonder I'm thin nnd so tcruwnj,  I've not tasted mils for a yeur;  Bunch grass is kwuI hut monotonous food  And you'd liud it poor pickings I feur;  My muscles, however, are brawny.  And my hoofs ure remarkable mire,  Full two hundred pounds I curry my rounds  A loud that you couldn't endure.  ;0vjr trulls Lhat arc dim, steep nnd .stoney  Ov��r trails where the mud is deep.  Fording t*uift river* that give you the ���Oliver*).  Tu rough wind fulln 1 climb und I leap  Us the life of the Indian ponv  And Mb hurd mid full of abuse,  Hut tliere ure ihoiifundH I'm told  Would never Und gold  Were it not for the hardy ciiyuuc.    .  *���-*  wftfi obliged  tion/* '  toi:i demand yoUNrcfliBniL-  .[     ���  THE   OClAUSr PARTY  TO DISAPPEAR.  Job llarrhnnu who ran for vice president of tho ���United States in lt)00 on  iJeV ticket is out with a lengihy. artidit  in the Los Angeles Socialist ^iulvocat-��  ing, fusion oi, the 'Union and MociMist'  parties. He sav*. in part" i >u*t'r >' >�� ��  "'Fumiou'"* Well/do not fenr it. ',"*, lt is  either jumoil or benevolent assuming  tion. Kusion is perfectly safe for socialists if lhat fusion is made -with a  ciass conscious workingman V. party,  even though that" party may not he  posted on economics or see their political class interests with our clearness of  ���vision.  ;"Thc independent socialist party, inl  my judgment,, has but two'years' lease  of ��� life on this const. " Thc trades unions will put up tickets in all the important cities in thc state two yeais  hence* In that case where' will tour voto  be found? It will he found with the  working class paity*���where it should be?  It wi!l be a repetition''of the same story  that is now. being told in Sun'Francis-  so, only we will have less votes and  " they more, because the hopo of the working class success will Jie livelier and tlie  interest greater.  "Let  us, not fear fusion.  Let us con-   ��ider_tbu_poople's_p^rty_fjimon_u^u�� see  tho difference.  "The'��� populists proposed middle class,  capitalist,:measures and their party was  dominated by middle class capitalist interests. Their tendencies were determin*  cd by their interests, and therefore they  naturally aligned themselves with one  of tho stronger capitalist parties.  "Itut both the socialist and the union In*:  bor   parties   aro   dominated   by   working.  lilt OLD GUITAR '        ���"'  [Written fur Thb ls��Rr>Ni>KKTa]  Kepleeied now is Ihe old RiiiUr, !  . And mouldering iutodeeny;   :'>!'  .Fretted with Rijiuy.a rUtau.i t>car;,  , That the.dull Oust hides away, ,  While the HphlerfpInB a silver star  'In its hilenllip*. Uduy.'  The keys hold only nerveless siring -  Tie sinews of brave old airs  Are pulneless now, und the scurf thnt clings  ho closely hore declares  A sud regret iu it* travellings  And the faded hue It wears.  But the old guitar, with a lenient grace,  JiuKcheiished a fimtlo forme;  And its features hint of a fairer face  Thnt comes with memory"  Of n fl >wer and-pcrfume-haunted place  'Ami a iiHioiiiu halcuny. ���  Music sweeter thun words (tohfess,'1'  ���jOr'the niiursirel's'powers-; invent,'���  Thrilled hero once ut the light earqKB  it Ofithehiiry guilds thut lent ��� ,  Thth ixiu-u fur tin' kiss I press !  On thedeur'initruin'.ut.' * '  ���Luk Yernon.  Writers on knocking, us usual say the  proper thing���to a certain extent. It is  well not to knock. It is well, as they  say, to ho kind, but with all duo difference to sucb writers, knocking has its  time and place and propriety bi thu  scheme of tilings. One must knock tho  evil every lime it puts up Its head. 1'eo-  pie may differ as to what evil consists of. No doubt some peoplo in Vancouver, It. U.f thought that Harry Sibble, au agitator, of various moods, was  au evil. And, perchance could they  have found hiin on a certain election  day, would have knocked him on the  head���providing .Mr. Sihble would have  allowed  it���for a large-sized evil.  Ono must uot be kind to the wrong  that nourishes to the detriment of good.  Did not some writers knock against  (���rent Itrilain declaring war in South  Africa, and those things which, to him,  seemed-bad? Verily they did/ and tlo  yet, for that matter. Kiudness may  be overdone. One of the great faults  of the preachers of Christianity is,  that they do not knock hard enough  against the sin that is respectable, or  rather fashionable. The knocker . has  his value when he is an-artistic knocker. Christ knocked on paganism and  heartlessness. Luther knocked on privilege and proprietorship of salvation.  Cromwell, Hampden, ami their followers, knocked ou divine right, as ' did  Marat, Danton, Kohespierre. Voltaire  was a knocker us well as a mocker.  Ditto dean Jacques Kousscau. Washington, Adams, Jcllerson, Franklin, Paine,  Patrick Henry, were masters of the noble urt of knocking sham from its  throne. So, too, Garrison, Lovejoy,  Wendell Phillips, Abraham Lincoln, were  knockers against the enormous crime'"of  slavery in the United States. (Sruiit  was; a knocker, too. Bryan is X a  knocker. ��� Then there was t!rover Cleveland with his persistent knocking of the  "communism of pelf," and Roosevelt: is  trying to knock by inviting and dining  with Hooker Washington, the great  leader of.the negro race. .Carrie Nation;  wns a. knocker and smasher, from tiie  ofcW h&iiu. Attt    her     knocking ' became  laws  ; Interesting f  An impoi tant consignment of  Linens constating of *Scconclfi, In  in Tiiblcclothn, Table Nnpltii.ft,  untl Tiil.le Linens by tha yard,  [mm unu of the leading mnmi-  fni'.lurcrs in Europe. These Lin-  ens wero purchased tit great reduction, and will be offered to  tlie ladles of Vancouver at Fifty  l'ur Cent, lielow lingular Stock  l'rici*s.  Although tin*-** linens ara Seconds, the imperfections arc  scarcely apparent.  The   choice  elaborate.  of designs is very  170.  Cordova    St.,   Vancouver.  We reach wherever the malls  reach.  um  Our stock of dress and street gloves  for Fall  and  Winter  is how   complete-  We 'carry a larguWortnient of DENT'S  and FOWNF.S' best- .English1, made Kid  and Muedo (.loves, iu the. various shaded*'of tan and brown, unlincd, wool or silk  lined,  ut prices  ranging  SI.'23,   *1.B0,   $1.70   and J2.00  In knitted wool gloves we liave alarga a��sortment,including the Aberdeen gloved  Tliey run from '23c. to 75c. ��� .  Vie have, also a. good line of HOYS' KID ami WOOL OLOVKM. Wu can  gimrnntco satisfnetiou in every particular, or, refund the money. Mall orders  promptly attended  to. '" '  CLUBB   e��   STEWAKT,! ,.  Tiir.BPHoNK 702. "       309 to 31o Hastinos St. W.  + *$��^*-**fr$'>'^$.$''*B"*ll$fr*"��$ $�����������������$ +  When you wttui io aire a flr*t*cluft  horse and buffgy, go to the Palace  livery ��u.ble*.  Telephone 126.  There nre few trade unions, local, national or international, where the Question . of religion or creeds is all awed to  be discussed, as the workers are composed of all creeds and religions and no  enteds or religious. Hence the independent trade unions in Quebec are different  from all others. The following newspaper despatch shows, how the unions  are governed: "The arehhishop of Quebec has appointed Hev. 'Father Alexis  spiritual  dir��ctorcof trades unions."  In reply to a letter sent by Secretary  IV il.' Draper, of the Trades Congress,  asking ��� the Quebec - locals to allUiate,  from one local he received the following  reply: "Dear sir and brother���1 have received your circulur letter of thO" 15th  of April Inst, and have had the honor  to^.submit If to oue brotherhood for  consideration Although" wo~alI~ngree~as  to the happy results that would follow  our nlnliatlon to the congress, we are  compelled to admit that this step is he-  yond our power., The bylaws governing  our brotherhood, edicted by Mgr. L. .N.  Itegin and forced upon us, limit our  sphere of action to thu diocese of Quebec, and forhjd us t<> help uny outside  orgiini'/atiou. Hoping that we - will suo  eeeil lu con'<iui.ring our liberty of nation,  believe me, yours truly, -���, Hecretary."  moie dangeidiLv Lhun thu faicical law  against which.*yi^rj(litUe hatchet wn  wielded. O,, the ��.ruat and f, glorious  knockers the world remembers. .Shakes-  peaie knocke<l the unities '''galley' west  an<l crooked. Dickens knocked'out the  idea Lhat fiction 'might deal ohly with  lords and ladies. Shelley and Words-  woi th and Drowning ahtl Voe, were  knockers aginnst the petrifying effect of  formulism in poetry, just" as later Ver*  laine did the same thing. HiihcUUs and  Cervantes were knockers:'hi 'their''time  and so was .Jonatlinn lS'wtf{'. "Kightiiig"  Joe Alaitin is a knbckhri' For he'hns  forLed a. great inilny politicians in liritish Coluniliia t'A' t'r^'to put him out of  politick: fTVetJ>cvcry 'drrow of cn\y; hate  "imrl 'jeJilousy1' aimed at him rolls from  his placidity ns haimless as watei olf  a duck's hack. Never a genius' that has  heipe��l the world along but has done so  hy doing somo vigorous 'preliminary  knocking. Whoso would disparage the  knocker sets himself against progress.  Look at Tolstoi���knocking everything.  Look at W. T. Stead, one of the iworld's  greatest editors. Look at The independent of Vancouver, li. C., whose editor, Ceo. Bartley, labors night nud*  day to knock for the rights of ".' the  knocking that is wholly bad. Head Uie  "Province" and "World" of this city.  That is the .knocking of malice nnd  envy. And yet'were'it" not'for-the. high,  fierce joy a fellow hn-i in achieving  things in spite of the detractor,', the  backbiter, the knocker; how much of joy  would bis gone from effort? The essence  of the exultation of victory, .after the  achievement itself, is showing the fellow  who told you    you   couldn't.   do    nnd  and physical training for thc work he Ir  to do. The knocker, at his best, is the,  man who sends the world along. The  knocker, at his worst, is the fellow who1  keeps the knocker for truth uji , to his  best. Let the world knock then in  the sumo old way. Let not the knocker  knock the knocker in his pride of hcarU  that only ho knocks righteously.  Let each man knock away, and if he  doesn't knock the right tilling in thc  right way wc may be sure that the  thing knocked will come hack at him  some day and knock him out. De kind  ���be blowed!. It is a sin to be kind to  sin of any sort whatever. Of course,  we nil have our own idea of what constitutes sin, just as learned men und wo-  inei^ and deep students have on the  question "Is,there a Cod?" "iiow was  Uie .earth created?" ''And by , whom?"  etc. As for what we term .sinner^,.why,1  n we knock not them once in, a, whilo  we only help to a final knock.:'.from  their own misdeeds untqi defeut and; do-  spaif. Therefore let thc knocking proceed, "and damned bo he who first cries  hold, .enough.". .. LUK   .VIS UN ON.  9  of hurrying nlinut buying Life Insurance so many nun think and any. At  least two strong reasons - are: t.o od health Is uncertnin; increased cost in  certain.   What's the use of :waitin g might hotter Iio said!  UNION MUTUAL   I'OLICIF.S  may bo depended upon to protect throughout tho varying' exiwriences    of  human lile, to faithfully guurd thla interests    of the    insured, ami to be  promptly enshed when tliey becoino payable.    Values "and privileges atvouuet  and   are   conveniently   available.   Detailed facts gladly furnished. ,  After throe years thc' Union 'Mutual Policies do not ltocoluc void Ivy TfCilufri'  la pay ' premiums, tlio llain'Non-Forfeiture Law without'action* of Um��  Policy-holder, continuing tlie Insurance for a.: Sjieciflcd length of time.  ���r  I  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  ."jq, Call or writo for particulars and planB  IHead Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J.E.EVANS, Provincial Manager.  COLIN I'AMKUON, S|iecinl  Agent.  T.RALPH SMIIH, M. P.  known hereabouts, we take the lil>���  crty 'tit quilling the following: "lto-  gardiug our frictid Ualph Sinitii I agree  'with you that his retirement is a serious loss to the labor movement'of Canada'. Mr. Smith made a. speech ut the  banquet at Berlin, Out., whicli wus  surely one of the' grandest trades union  speeches 1 ever listended to in niy life.  1 had been7 selected chairman of tho  banquet and I said at that time thut if  for nothing el��e than to hear that  speech' of Hnlphj Smith's it was worth  what it had cost us to attend that con^  vention, but Mr. Smith ~ is not dead by  any means. lie is too bright and brilliant ' d nian and 'has too much ,courage  to Iny down .easily.'; He' w'lll*'be'heard  i'l**" '* ,'       '     '  or in  the future,. 1 am sure.  liV.  Telephone 1���2*-6''������; Jor ��� a fine livery  turn-out. 7 J. J.* Sparrow, Palace liver,  stables.  Meeting.  P. O. B.���VANCOUVER.AiBWaB, Ho. ��,  meets Wednesday evenings; vlsltlac  brethren welcome.   Bert Parsons, W.  P.: J. G. Ure, W. S;, Arcade.  THERE IS  DANCiER  of Fire or Injurv  Health when you use  the    -  ELECTRIC  ������  ��� o#o> 0 ������������^ ****** ^  WX  nvitatioD.  plnai of business.  i\-  i  Wo  want vim   to coin" anil  visit am           N,J,   ,,.,'n.l  about .vou,* pock-UK..*-!!..*  Invitation  has  hint of a  piosppi'tlvii piliLhiise.  In  the o.igmnl  plnnu.ug of  this  beautiful  slo.e  there  thoughts       "f       .unking It  "- ��������"���*   I'1"0"  imblii:   generally.     Wo  wnnt our  show   them   what  Is  really  one  no 'hidden  were      nmn^  for .our  citizens  and      tli��  Mile  to   bring   their  visitors  in     to  'Vancouver's points of interest."  1  mx  W  Come as often  as you like and  when  yon lik��. A  GEO. E. TROREY, f  Tbe Jeweler and  Diamond  Merchant J  ?                       COR. 0KANVIL1.E ANIH HASTIN8S STECETS. , T  T     Official Watch Inspector of the C. P. E. fy  1io|km1 in hia heart you wouldn't bo  ublti to du it. Thu knucUur is UL-ctiHtiury  to ' prod us on. If everybody told us  wo were all this mustard, wu'd soon begin to believe It tinri sit down and'do  nothing. It's the fellow who knocks  you hurdust wIio'h your best friujid.    In  broad ��on��tj a coriHpiracy never yet  Huccct.-dctl of ttuelf. The man who fails  mtint be the conspirator against him-  nelf. The buek-blter really does little  lmiin, or the .slanderer either. 'J'huy are  not what hurlH. In their work, The  thing tlmt hurts in the truth, and If a  knoclii'r tells things about you thut arc  true, then you should proceed to correct  tfio fault, provided you can do so without ehaiiging your vluws wliich your  own bruin tells you Is right. Jlo is  your friend in fact, if your enemy lu intent. The slanderer. Is not a pleasant  being nt all, but neither is the snake,  bed hug, 'the skunk, or the worm, yet  they nil fui iill some valuable pnrpo.se in  the scheme of things. . Criticism is  knocking, yet but for.critleirfm we should  have ��o advancement, '  A: man must knock if ho would waken  the Kleepers that they may learn the  truth that sets them free. A man must  take knocks  that he may be in  mental  'Kver since 'the ' convention o\\ the  Trades ami Labor Congress of (Junuda  at Ilcrlm last month adjourned the  eastern exchanges huvo been' full of comment regarding ox-President ' Kaplh  Smith, 21. P. Among , the latest .. ^e  clip thu following from tho London,  Out., Banner, the oldest labor paper .in  the  dominion: ~ \  Kalph Smith, never stood as high iu  the estimation of organized labor as he  does today. No leader was ever more  persistently misrepresented ��� or knifed  than, thu ex-president of the Trades and  Labor Congress of Cuuada at Ucrliu. It  is safe to suy that though many delegates  to tiie. convention came there prejudiced  against him, not onu departed without  being convinced- of . his honesty, and  trustworthiness. The magnificent exposition of tiades unionism given by hun  at the;German supper tendered the delegates, carried away the cutiru assemblage.     It  was   the   grandest      orattoif  that the editor of the llanncr wo�� ever  t  privileged to listen to. This paper luus  not always seen eVc to eye with the ex-  president, hut its to his honesty: of .pur*  pose w;o have always been convinced. At  the Ottawa convention which urged the  miners to run him for tlm dominion pnr-  lJainen_t_he_deaxl,v^k^lneil_h]^p^U:ion.  SAUF/S WOUU OF WAltNINOv  It is reported that Mr/ llusscl Sago*  himself a poKsussor of mnny millions. 1s  endeavoring to persuade tbo trust klng4  to go slower In ^their abnorjition of thin  country's industries! lie predicts that  if they contiuue.at their present rate  the ond will be revolution.  Ie jironounced his adherence to the liberalism of .lolin Bright and John liurns.  he wii�� nti uncompromising free, trader,  if elecUsl he would do all in his power  to advance the interests of labor, but on  all other questions he would exercise his  right as.a free citizen. Hnlpli .Smith  has, carrieil out that pledge, he has  worked hard and unceasingly ou behalf  of labor In the house, liis opponents  have, not challenged htm on a single  vote, und to-duy he stands liko a, veritably- giant towering jvhove tlm mlK'ruble  pigmies who wm Jealous of. his position  nnd iidvnncument. Wo wish long life and  success to the ox-preuldcnt of the congress xvho stands higher today in,thu.es-  Munition of all fair-minded men than be  did when he llrst assumed the presidency of.the Ti'udoH and Lulior Congress  of  Canada.  From Thoir nanalmo,boQthfleldanA  Protection IflUnd lolllerles,  Steam, Qas  and  House Coal  Of the Following .Qndea:  .Ooubl4�� Screened Lump,  Run of the Mln*.  WHbKl Nut and  \ Bore*nlna��  'SAK0EL M. ROBINS, Bnperlntendent.  KVAN8, COLEMAK 4 BVANB, Agents.  Vancouver City, B.C,  The iprice is now  such that almost everybody, can afford it.  Once used, always'  used. Apply at Office of     '  Canadian yy,  :vv;v;;iv;'P/*^fFIW  The Independent wus \ honored this  week'with a letter from \V. I), Muhon,  international president of thu Amulgu-  mated Association of : Street Hallway  Kmployees of America, in which he t>^  fers to llalph Smith, Jil. t>. As  worthy gentleman who piniU��l V��u  vor recently .in;, the; inU-restH of.the Avi-  cricaH   Eedcration   of   Livhor  ia   so   wtH  tin  IC  Works  Smjjorter* and  B6ttlers  GOBfc AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGKNT3.I  LBNE  .,  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE  imperial Limited  M Houra to Montreal���Tuesdays, Tbura*  days nnd Saturdays.  Transcontinental Passenger Train,  leaves dally at 14 o'clock.  Seattle and 'Whatcom Bxprcsn leaves  dully ut 9.05 o'clock.  STBAMHHirS 'I'll  ,1,11'AN'   Af.'l>   CHINA.  UMPKIOMS    OI*.  .lAI'AN...  ...   K(|V.     :t  ATHKNIAN  ...     ... ���;���..  ,���    NOV.   17  KMIMtUSS OK 01IINA      ..     .  HMO     t  TO  HONOLULU.   l'l.I I   ISLANDS  ANII  AUSTRALIA.  MI0WEKA    ...���.���...,      NOV.; II  S.S.     AORAN0I    _._....  .........   I>K(., 13  S.S.  U0ANA'_ .._ IAN     !��  And every four weeks thereafter.  For full particulars as to time, rate*,  etc., apply to  a j. cottjHi, jas. bclatkti.  A. a. P. A. TK*et Agent  Vanoouver, B. C.    429 Ha��tlnen St.  :Vancouver, ft.CL,' !��� SATURDAY OCTOBER   25,  1903  TIIE INDEPENDENT.  [  '?/  \fi  i  i  'PHONX 179.  P. 0. BOX 2K.  w.* j. -McMillan & ��������,  Whoubsau Agents ton  jTUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS |  Brand* i  ' MONOQKAM, MAKGUERITA,   "      BOUQUET,  vr r.nW^U.S FECIAL, EL ^USTILLO, '  EL CONDOR, BARANTIZAD08, SCHILLER,  UNION MADE CIGARETTES: KARNAK AND VICTORIA CROSsf  Corner Alexander Street ana Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. o.  nnd that Is the necktie his wife generally buys him.  ��������  ooe  <<��  Clairvoyants.  Union Made  oofs and ��hoe&  GO, TO  and  the    hallelujah  J B. MILLS, The Shoe Man.  DRIFTWOOD.  BY LUE VERNON.  C Pieces or individual opinion, washed tip  by the tnle,- boomed, iawed, split anil  pllcd',/d.*'-'tho benefit' ol ' paid-up sub-  ; s'criWters, 'IllSi ior those who beg,- borrow and steal Tho Independent m order that they may road ' and forget  ' their troubles for a time at least and  enjoy a. few minutes while camping on  earlh-whcjo so many people are willing to  give you a kick and wliere so  Jb. jfow^ofler to extend ,a- helping hand*  "���>'".   ';   .. '.  When wo  meet an undertaker on the  .���street we woiiilcr If lie is thinking ho has  something in. tlio shop  that-Is  just our  vfit.  There aro some persons who pass half  their life visiting. , The sense of fallowing when  they 'era not' wanted Jsl. Ioh  in  these chionic  visitors.  "i.'i "/      i. Vi -il        i  ��� l '���- ���* f*jm  >*  lW'8?'$?*,*i.,.J_��_Umt tho ��la"y Paper*'  ((*'  lake doctors, selling cure-all nostrums,  and tho bilks themselves, In raany^casc*,  assert, almost divine power. Thcjc.-flit  fiom town to town, rather sudde;Jy���,alj  times, and often change name, tpr convenience sake. They laugh in the face  of the people and cull men suckers ami  still the peoplo bite. Tho time is drawing near, hoivuvei, whon nil such qhar-  actci.s will have to cam an honest living or get off tho earth.  If preaches would  iead  tho following  announcement���which   is   composed      foi1  ,       .' ../Ml  their use, ii they so desire���irom      their  "    i.i  pulpit  each   Sunday,   It  nmy      be     the  means  of doing some good: "Tlie  regular session  of tlio Donkey club  will  be  held  as   usual  after  the  service.     Mcm-  i.u.   ,,     ,,      r ,  bers will line up just, outside the church  , c     ���  " ' .' Ti'   .    i i.'i.   ,    -iij.  ,  door,. make, remarks, and  titare   at  the  ladies  who, pass,  as is    tlieir     custom.  **[., f  ,       ,T.|  .,.,     in   [.  Any memluii known .to escort a lady to  chui'ch.Mein. wan< ai^d sit .with her'like  . do not, devote moro space in applauding 'I'.'gcntloma'ii  will i bo'; promptly  expelled  ���prcachcrs.     In   order   to   got  his   name   trom membership '  in tho'papcrs.theiir'iluys iC'skj. pilot is  bound ,to recommend patent medicines.  Yoifici<r'"aftoivy3.toll/L'J.U*Ks�� by his  ..bray,,and thero ia.no mistaking, tlie nn-  , ixnal,. no matter .whoso pusturo ho is in.  -,���...'';.,   .'Irj*;.''*     ,riv,!j  Thero  are  somo peoplo .always  giving  . ..advice,   pointing out  tho  straight  road  -;trfJfollow,",in wlilck tlnf jnevoft     travdl  m\nsei^.- r.nfnOM  "   flr  j.fS     ������:*"      '^TTTT- :     *\     V,\  ..  ,  , Wo despise those catling critics , <aaill  pessimists   in   tho  world   who   sec   little  ,.good 'In     anything but themselves,  and  who gone on  their surroundings-   with  haughty eye    of'assumed'    superiority.  ��� Thero aio a number" of theso fellows in  " .Vancouver.  "'''6 ��� , .'*.  * i *V| Fako Doctors.   -*  ^'    If traveling fake doctors had the cui-  . atlva  powers,   themsehes  or,.their   nostrums, that they claim, tho thickly  pop-  / ulateil    centers  would take  their  attcn-  *.tlon all tho time and small towns would  '.'em.    The truth of the niat-  >ii'.  ;iriti.#��  '*    ter, it|r,lttyi^,lhcso quacks find  a cold re-  . ception iu large cities and therefore pi cy  , on tho credulity of the smaller comuiun**  itic's, where  their  characters  aie  less  li-  * 1   G , '  .. able toVtha limelight of .police, investigation. 'Wore a.gio'at healer to arise anil  . station himself liiHhc veiy heait of the  . Sahara desert, that dreary waste of  , sand would soon bo dotted with inill-  ions of people, eager to be cuied of dls-  ������ cases     Yet tho land1 Is full oi traveling  ��� V         ���  * A 9  ��� �� BI ninn ��& ���  ���9  5*  *������  e  Aft  m  .���ft  m  '*<  t-ft  Strength" 9  The   Union   Brand   on f  e  ���  Strongest and Best. 1  c  -TIIE- ft  9  9  " I  Z (LIMITED.) ,' -        ���  �� 9 9  9      MAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPEG, MAN.    ��  i,ft 9  o  o  ��� ������ Stands for all that is  ft  ���ft  9  ���9  ��� * Pronunciation. '  Soine ]ieo|ile spell It fc-o-o,        '  Somo favor .s-u-c          ,.   i. . ��� .  Aud some uso s-l-o-u-* . ,  Or s-a-u-1-t.     ;        , ,  You suy all four words just alike  And so do otbcrs,"loQ,  1 dioiK not know just why it is���     "  1 only know. wO'idault, ,  The Cravat.  Biuminel's  dictum  that the tie was the  man,  tlieie hua,'bceaftij,Hi<Ju6us devotion  i 'V     I! J i' ��� -    -    i'   ' i . *  paid   to'this  lOhtral .point  of.the <cqs-  '   "!      _>'i    '   * il\  tunic,   the. sentinieiit'i.-bfiug  wlilespraul  thut  for  that   tired   feeling  nothing     is  so     soothing us u handsome, fiesh ami  uppropiiata cravat.     Unfortunately, tiust  is a held ulieio one may tiuly say that  fools tush  in wheie angels tear to tread.  A man's wife who would not.dreum   of,  buying a coat, tiouse'is or'pair ol shoes  foi   her liege loid,, will fee! herself fully  capable oi   ducting the con ip ass  of his  crawit, anil will olten i.ieseut hun   with  t i  , |  a uecktiu that is enough to drtvu lu." to  il.l.ik,  dope or tin one.     Ouly  lust year  a niiin in  tl.e United btates hanged hiiu-  **elf with a uiivnt his wife gave'Jltfiii'for  a  (Jhilstmas  piesenl.     it  was desciibcll  as a  phoiiugiaph  Ascot,  not only  fcaif-  full.v  loud,   but so   llamlng  led  a  coloi*  that he did   not    (laic    to smoke Hull  Durham  in  its pii-M,'.ic.e      That^^s      it  sad case, but scuiicly unique.t] Wu know  a mnn   nho  had a  lie his  wife bought,  Tliat  was  so  violent a  [HiilTl^Tliat-"to"  have  worn   lt   in   Gcrinuny   would    have  constituted    les    inajesuc   of   otlieiK  ho  gieen thnt It would have made a Illbci-  iilnii  St.      i'nirlik's    dnv    liudgu 'look  orange      in  compiirlson      We Iiiim* also  met men   who  have luul  ou   lies,   wifUy  chosen, so yellow  that they would have  caused   Dip I'lovluui lo  lu in  gieen  wllh  envy.     Stalisllis show   that  Insanity  is  ou llu! lntruuNc,��n are wives who l��ji> ^ilcL  lies.    '1 he  secret of much  of  Um  w If.-'s  ri'liclh.n   of  craMils,  so   we   have    ln.li  iiifoiitK'd,  l.eioitiu  an    open  onu us  time  goes  by.,   'llie   usual   oiguus      of  those  win,  ohsiitc,   (ilhcein   the   fnct  thai  the  llulflv   wlfu   has  a  double   l".rpunu      In  vi."*   when  she  Iiii.vh hubby  thu monkey  uml In.i.lining blid  neckwear      What she  wants   is  two   scaifs  with   but  a  single  pike,   one   scurf   lhat'selves   foi      two  However laudable this twin invention us  to cravats may be, one would udvisu tho  most   loving   wile   to   lestrain   her   pui-  ihascs' in the dncUion of neckties for a  man.    Sweet is the tic that binds, but  not always  tho one     that  " binds    tlie  throat.   Let av<i)an choose hig,��iojhiiu-  self, he may npt know  what he wants,  but he knows  what he    doesn't want���  KNOWLEDOE IS POWER.���PIIQF.- A.  ��� P. Schonfeldt, Germany's greatest  palmist and clairvoyant tells your past,*  present and future; cures pain' ju' any  part of tho body; the great magncUc  healer; come and see him; ho will givo  you health and happiness; grows." hajr  on bald heads; satisfaction guaranteed.  Oflice hours, !) a. m- to 8 p. m. Consultation fiee.    101 Ucncca street, Hoom 8.  , Do   you   soo  anything  in    the    abovo  4'ad." from u Scattlo paper that should  Causo tho governments of tho world   tb  .present to l'rof. Schonfeldt a pension or  i picture of Hebecca at thc well?    No?  Head it onto more.    We aro full,     yen,  'overllowing wilh unalloyed Joy.    Let all  .{lie men  in  Vancouver  who  have      the  V  Tight,  by custom,   to    sit in    the front  roiv at tne opera house   rise   up,  ding a gieat concert in  'chorus,  froui  thc  Messiah.      The      man  who  will discover the north  polo      will  ^evcr   have   tho     fame    and   newspaper  foosts, thrust upon him that this Scat-  tie piofessor  is entitled  to.     Will  glow  fja.il   on  bald  heads.       Just think,     yo  baltlhuuded old tads, what this means |o  all  of your kind.     You,   whosu pate is  ��o bare of hair that you have been approached  by advertising agents and  offered a vast sum to     let    them'   paint  "Use  Smith's   Soup,"   ou  your  hairless  head.    You have not lelt for years and  yoars   tho  pleasuio  of  having  the   barber sprinkle walcr out ef a bottle     labeled hair tonic on your     head,  - snear  aiid plaster vaseline,  then  take a metal  Comb and gouge,  pull, scrape,  and tear  your scalp  to  shreds.    I suy,  cun you  conceive   what  it  means  to  you,   what  this   Seattle  foi tune-teller   says   he  cart  tlo?    Nothing should be too good    for  this icliow.     He  should   bo  invited  by  thc   baldheadcd   men   of   Vancouver     to  Visit and lecture* "How I Discovered tho  Art oi   Crowing Hair on Hold Heads."  Lot  the baud  play.     Ituu up tlie flags  Duild  bonfires,   decorate  tlie      telephone  poles, Drive all thc nails,  yes,  countersink, them in the sidewalks, so when tin)  professor  comes  he   will     not  stob   his  toes, get mad and return     to Seattle,  and forget to tell you liow'lie'cdn make  fnatted   fields of woolly substanco'vegetate on unfeitlli/cd omniums.    What we  Would lift'e to    seo    the    piofess'Or   "do  wofild"hi!'to  apply somo' of    his- halr-i  giowe^-Ho' some of  the hail less ' brushes  in a lert "biirbc1].  shops'wu ure acquainted with and rc'st'oro a fow more hairs'in  thoin.      it's  all'right  to 'laise 'or 'grow  hair on a bald head,  but thu lii'anl'tvith  a lew struggling hairs docs not want to  havo them pulled and tore out'with    a  I  t  I  I  I  I I  I  I  I  I  I  :  wg<w&g����o��gg>p��g>ao��Qagg><K>a��  From the vast coal regions of���  Nova Scotia   -  Throughout th4 lumbering districts of���  New Brunswick '  Midst the cultivated lands of���  Prince Edward Island  In the garden province of���  Ontario  Where the factories and shipping reign���  Quebec  The "hum" of the thrasher is heard���  Manitoba  To the most westerly province of the Dominion���-  British Columbia  " all acclaim " that  Union Directory.  THB VANCOUVER TRADES AND"  LaSxw Council meets first and thli*  Thursday In each month, at TX V. av.  President, w. 3. Lainrlck: vice-president,  F. J. Russell; secretary, T. IL Croas; financial secretary, J. T. Lllley; treasurer,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms, C J.  Salter; statistician, J.'H. Browne.  I  " reigns supreme " as the " Standard " of Fashionable and Tailor-made Clothing in Canada.  hairless brush in tho hands of a butchr  cr, beg pardon, a barber. .For t,hu sake  of .saving a fere .hairs, wo, would beg,the  Seattle professor to tiy his woudeiful  concoctiv;u onv,a, brush that works overtime in,tl)o sh.op wheio wo get semped.  Th6'1 Oity Grocery Company secuicd  this week one car Ashcroft potatoes!  They itle beauties and should meet with  a leady salo.  fit-Kef or m  Wardrobe  333 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B. C.  Self-Measurement Blacks and Samples on Abdication.  Mall Orders Promptly Attended to.   .  w*w��t��ag*ag��ciatfaoiBiao.i��oBgai��aQrocBBa��cgiCai>a��aii  SHIRT WAIST AND LAUNDRT  WORKERS UNION. No. M��-Mcet��  every 2nd and 4th Thursday ln eaeh.  month ln Union Hall. President, G. W.  Rowlands; corresponding secretary, H-  Alltrco, 1027 Richards Street; financial  secretary, Miss M. Whitman; treasurer.  Miss Jeolouse; dejegates to Trades and  Labor Council, GXXV. Rowland'. J. Har*-  glc. XV. McDermoU and L J. Coltbart.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION, No. 120���President.  Fred Hawe; vice-president, J. A. Dlbden;  corresponding-financial secretary, J. A.  fitownrt, 51 Cordova St.; recorder, E. H.  Qoodmurphy; treasurer, G. Bower;  guide. A. 1��. Legutt; guardian, G. Bowers; delegates to T. & L. Council, J. A.  Dlbden and Fred Hawe. Meets first ana  third Wednesdays o" each month Jn  T'nlon Hall.    WAITERS AND WAITIRBSSES UNION.  Local No. 26. President, CharleB Over;  vice-president. A. N. Herrlngton: secretary-treasurer, J. H. Perkins. Meeting  evory Friday evening at 8.30 o'clock in  Union Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmulr  streets.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  each month ln Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at 8 p. m. President, Robt Brunt; vice-  president, Chas. Bennett; secretary, A.  G. Perry, 33 7th Avenue; treasurer, P. G.  O'Brien; conductor, Ed. Manning; warden, A. J. Wilson; sentinel. J. Howes;  delegates to Trades and labor Council:  C. Bennett, Robt. Brunt, Geo. Lenfesty,  A. J. Wilson and J. Howes.   UNITED "BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets overr  second and fourth Wednesday In Unloi��  hall, room No. 2. President, A. E. Coffin;  vice-president, Joseph Dixon; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin; ilnancial secretary, J. M. Sinclair; treasurer, J. Ferguson; conductor, G, Flngley; warden, G.  H. Blair; delegates to the Trades and  Labor council, R. Macpherson, 3. II.  Sinclair, Geo. Dobbin, Jos. Dixon, Geo.  Adams: delegates to the Building Trades*  Council, M. McMullen. Levi C. De-Wolfe.  PROYMAl PROGRESSIVE  INSURANCE.  Less couiloit, mote worry uie found  with the uninsured.  Imagination foi ins no pait of life in-  biiiance, it is all based on reality.  Welfare is a word of extended meaning, but not too broad to be covered  bv Hie guarantee of life insurance ior  the .anilly.  .Shirking lesponsibilitics ,belittles an  individual; assuming tusks and clouting  new ones uplifts. To save money to  pay for Ilio insurance is a duty that  ennobles -. , *  ' Long through the vocabulary oi excuses for not taking lifo insuiame is,  it is more thun matched by nu ovur-  pmvciing schedule of rensens unil ad-  va'itagi's ior Its ownership.���Thu Union  Mutual.  The  Winnipeg Labor party  is holding  weekly_"n7cctings"7    What's    TIT'S matter  with  thu 1*. P.  P.  of this city doing  likewise.  Havo you tried Empire cie.n.i sudasf  If not, why not? Your n.'ighboi 1ms,  and Is d'lighted. Give them a tiial.  .Sold only by The Clly liiouuy Company*  AT T1IJ*: SAVOY. .  Judging fiom the large crowds that  Iiiiau ullomlcd this theatre every uluht  tli Im ueek tho piogruniuiu Is teiy popular and of a highly enleitaiuli.g tl.iimc-  ler. Tho opening comedy, The An hill  of .Sullivan, has madu a big hit nml nas  gieatly appreciated. Next week Jus 1'.  Post will he seen In a nuw coinedv, The  Itaby Elephant, which promises to bu  far film.loi thnn anything Mr, l'u*-l bus  enacted heie befoie. Curroll, a veiita-  bli' Dulteskl, hits been re-engaged und is  nightly cncoii'd. Mitw Clone Klh'i, thc  dnshing queen of burlesque, will be  heard iu her new songs. The management has also engaged for next week  Mies Cecilo Do Lncy, the cle\cr 111C7/0-  soprano, well known 'to ' the Vancouver  public. Ilcsidcs all tka eld kiveritcs are  retained. '  Following Ib tbe platform adopted at  the Kamloops convention of Uie Provincial Progressive Party:  That thlB party lays it down as a  flrst principle thatvthey will nominate,  endorse or support only such men as  will place their signed, undated, resignation in the hands of the convention  which .nominates or endorses them  that this resignation be sworn to; that  this resIgnatJ,on,^pay be handed In to  the , Ueutenantj-gpYienior in council  whenever a majority oj the cotjyeivtlon  shall consider such action advisable., !  _ 1. That we gradually abolish,all taxes  on the producer and the .products or  the producer, shifting them on land  values.  ,2. Government ownership of railways  and all means of communication.  3. Tliat the government establish and  operate smelters and refineries to treat  all kinds of minerals. '  4. That the franchise be extended to  women.  5. The abolition of property qualifications for all public offlceo.  6. Farm Improvements, Implements  and stodk not to be taxed, and wild  lands to be assessed at the price asked  for them by speculative holders.  7. No land or cash subsidies. Lands  to be held for the actual settler.  8. Ten per cent, of all public lands  to be Immediately set <qstde for educational purposes and education "of all  children up to the age of 16 years to  be free, secular and compulsory, text  books,-meals-and-clothing-to-be-Bup-  plied out of the public funds where  necessary.  9. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes. '  10. Restriction cf Oriental Immigration by a law on the lines of the Natal  act, nnd If said law be disallowed, it  be repeatedly re-enacted until the end  sought is attained.  11. That to protect us from Asiatics  already In the province the government  Insert a clause In ill prlvota acts to  this effect: "This act shall be null and  void If tlie compuny falls to> enter Into  an agreement wilt, tho government ns  to conditions of construction and operation," nnd that the house puss a  resolution to prohibit thc employment  of Asiatics on all franchises granted  hy the piovlnclal house.  12. Consei vatlon of our forest riches,  pulp land leases to contain a provision for re-forestlng so as to produce  a perennial revenue and make pulp  manufacture a growing and permanent  Industry.  IS. That tlie act compelling the scaling of logs by government scalers be  enforced.  Vi Absolute reservation from sale or  lease of a. certain, part of each known  coai area, so .that.state owned.xqines,  l*       ��..,... ,      .Llfj, .���...        . .. ~        '''-.\.     ',...    1'  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OP BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, No. 151.���  Meets the first and third Monday In each  month at 8 p. m., In Union hall. Homer  street. President, Robert Gray; financial  secretary, George -Nesbltt, 1207 Homer  street: recording secretary, D. Robinsos,  box 37, Vancouver, B. C; delegates to*  the Trades and 'Labor council, Wllllan*.  Latham, D. Robinson, R. Edwards.  TEXADA MINERS" UNION, No. 113. W.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.J0 p.  m. in Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, 3.  W. Austin; secretary, Alfred Raper;  treasurer. A. G. Delghton; conductor,  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Fatter-  son.    hereafter mode to, contain a pt<?vislo'i_'  enabling the,, government to fijj the  price of coal loaded on cars or vessels  for shipments to B. C. consumers.  13. Municipalization' and public control of the liquor traffic.  16. Thp right to a referendum where  a valuable subsidy or. franchise is to  be conferred.  17. That all transportation companies  be compelled to *give free transportation to memilJers ,of the legislative assembly and'supreme couit and-county  judges'.'    ' i't'in ���   " > ji-j.i i.jliii.;"t,*      |  18. BleotIon'!dfty ^"tfe'a"pUt)llii holt*!  day, and provision,') ma^e'1'that 'every  employer shall be free from service at  least'four consecutive hours J during  polling time,  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OB*  Electrical Workers, Vancouver Local,  No. 213���Meets second and fourth Tuesday  ln each month in Union hall, room No. 4.  President, Ceo, Cowling; vice-president,  R. P. Irwin; recording secretary. A. n.  Hotson, 635 Richards street; financial  secretary, John Dubberley. '_   CIGARMAKERS'     UNION    NO.     357���  Meets the first Tuesday ln each month.  iln Union Hall.   President,  C, L   Kuhn;  vice-president, C. Parsons: secretary, 3.  )C. Penser, c]o Mainland Cigar Factory;'  (treasurer," S.   W.  Johnson; sergeant-at-  arftis,,  J,,   Schuylmeyer:     delegates    ta  Trades and Labor Council; 'J. OW, C. I*.  Kuhn and John. Mlllan,,j ��� -*  THB RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOOIATMWT  meets ln O'Brien's Hall, the. first and:  third Tuesdays of each month., D. McLean, president; W. 3. Lamrick.  tary, 288 Princess street.  * UNIONS COME TO STAV. ���  Mr. James N. Carter of Buffalo, speak,  ing before the Ohio Association ol lluild-  ors' Exchange, says "The mastci builders and employers generally must reaIi/4  that labor organizations hu\e come to  stay and that they will be pi enter lac-  tors in the handling of the labor-capital  problem' in tho futuie thun they have  been in tho past. And why should not  tho laboring men havo' thoir organizations*' Havo they not tho samo right to  org.Mij/a that the employer has? Will  you not agree with mo that it.is better  for the employeis as a ,whole. to deal  with workmen as a whole, putting both  pai ties on equal basis, than it would be  for both parties to be dealing pioinis-  cuously, 0no witb another''" '   '  n office;.  NOTKJEI8 HEltKBV GIVJi.V, tlmt application will be mnde to tho Parliament of Cm.adit,  8> tho next sitting ther��nf, foe an Act mcoi.orit.  ting a Company, nndcr thc nfime of the "Vancouver nnd Count Kootenay Knilway Coin pany,"  to construct mid operate a line of HkUwhv,  from a wiiuintoriieur thoClts* of Vaiicouvc''*;  thence south eiiBterlv* to tho City of Sew Went-  minster and Dcrms the Fraser Ither; thence  easterly by the most feimible route, to a point  nt Or near Midway, In tlie lloundarv I'reek  District; from A point un tlienuiin llnu of the  railui.) south of^hu I'.a-or, toanoliit atnrm*ur  the mouth of the Kruer River; from a point on  the mainline eait oi Hope, ton point ntor near  NUola J.aku;*tid from a point on the mainline  of the rulluav at m near tliu Cltj ol Vmirou\er,  uurilierly .tiros* llurrard lulet, at the most  fui ll.leiuilnl, to North Vniinuitcr Municipal!.  t>, thi'ULC HC!*tcrlj iou point at  Qr near ihe  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AN1>  DECORATORS, Local Union No. IM.  Meets 2nd & _th Thursday In Labor Halt.  President, W. Pavler; vice-president, Ws  Halliday: recording secretary, EI Crasb,  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Gothard, 822 Howe street: treasurer, H. MeSorley. > ' *'���   *''  INTERNATIONAL    ASSOCIATION  OB"  i^>Vaf;hlnlst8.���Beaver   Lodge,   No.   18*.���  Meets  second   and   fourth    Monday'' ha,  each month ln Union hall.   President. .1.  R. EdwardB; vice-president. Fred Knlghtr"  recordlnc secretnry, Geo.* Downey; Ilnancial secretary, H. J. Littler. 5T3 Hastings  street    east;    treasurer,    E. ' Tlmmins^  guard. F. Coughlin.   VANCOUVER     FI S H E R MEN*��*  Union,   No.   2���Meets  in    Union    hall.  Homer street, every Saturday, at 8 p. m.  Steve Dames, president; Chas.  Durham,  secretary pro tem.   JOURNEYMEN   BAKERS'   AND  CONFECTIONERS' International Union    of  America, Local No. 46, Vancouver, B.C.  'President,  T.  Baxter; vlceipresidcnt.    1.  'Ingles; recording secretary, F. W. Bar-  tie, financial secretary, M. MaoLcan, 2M��-  Westminster   Avenue,   Mount   Pleasant;  corresponding secretary, J. 'Webster, 284*-  Westmlnster   Aveue,   Mount    Pleasant;  treasurer, J. Wilkinson.  JOURNEYMEN TAILO'W US.ON OV  America, No. 178���Meets nrst ami  tlihd Monduys'in room No. I Un-ou  hall. President, C. Wham; vice-president, F. Logjf; .recording soctctary, ^F_  Williams, 18jt-V, Seventh avenue X\ : financial secretaiy, T Wood; tieusurcr.  W. W. Toombs, sergeant-at-arms, ' T.  Mathews. '  BUILDERS'     LABORERS'    FEDERAL,  Union,       No.     32,     Vaiiu>iiver���Meote  every Tlmixlay evening nt 8 u'llock, in  'room  No   1,  Union     hall Piesident,  Frod Collins; socretary, H. Sellers, West-  'erii_llotcl;_i!elegates_to-l.uilil'iig���Trades-  Council,  If.  Sellers,  Chris    Poley     an*  John Sully.  mouth (if the Caplliiuu Crei*k  WITH l'OWKIt.   to   eousiruct   and  op   hrancli Hiil's, Irum any point nu the mainline  WITH l'OWKIt   to   construct   and  operate  i'i-, Irom any point nu the mainline  ofthe prnpuicd rulluay or ''ranches thereof,  not uxcecdini; lu any one case thirty (30) n.ilea  lnleiiRth; and nltli power to coni-trii< t, onu  and operate wl.i.rvcs. docim, clo\aten ami  uarohuuses in connection therewith; ami to  construct, own, und operate steam and oilier  Vi'Hsoiii, on any nuWgablo miters; and wltn  powi'r to construct, o�� n, maintain, and opcrato  a suitable ferry, from the most innvenh'iit  point ou the Mainland of liritish Columbia, to the most convenient point  on Vancouver Island, io an to inaLc mn-  ncetinn with iln* Cltv if Vletoilu or to  connect therewith by the same; to coimtiuet,  operate and maintain telegraph nud telephone  linos, along the route of tho proposed rallwav  or Its brandies, and to trausmli messages for  commercial purposes, and to collect tolls therefor, to generate electricity for power and  llnhtlug purposes, and f*r all rights, powers  and proUlcgcs i.ecessarj usual, or incidental  to all or anj of the aforesaid purposes.  Dated at Vancouver, tliis lst day of October,  A. B. 1902.  D. G. MACDONElflf.  ��� Solicitor fur Appllea ts.  VANUOUVnit TYl'OCfRM'inOAL UNION', No. -2'2Ci, meets the louith Monday In caili month at Union Hnll.  President, C S. Campbell; vi��*-presU  dent, H. W. King; societalv, S. J,  Ciothurd; P. O. box. tin, ti.'asi.iur, fico-  Wllliyj sergi'iint-auninis, A. I". Arnold:*  executive committee, \V. II Hunt, t!. K.  Pierrott. W. llrand, ltobl Todd; delegates to Tiades and Labor Cmincll, W.  Brum), S. .1. Ootlmril, 1*\ W   F.iwlrr.  Notice to  J. D. Murray, Bilker, has  broken his agreement with  the Bakers' Union and his  shop is now non-union.   '     *-������  Union men will govern  themselves accordingly.  F. BARTLE,  Sbcretary.  s/..  ->  ^ **���    *. ...  ^���.^..���w-.-v Milking ia nn operation which requires skill, as it has an Important effect on the amount anil qualitj ot milk  given. Dairymen know that there are  as great differences between milkers  ns between cows mid that cows will do  much better with good milkers thnn  with others. Indeed good cows nre often nlmost ruined by poor milkers.  Tin* milker should avoid handling the  cow more thnn Is necessary, and he  should make It a rule to do his work  quickly and thoroughly. He should  never go from a sick to a well cow  without first cleansing his hands. Thc  habit of wetting the hands with milk  is filthy In the extreme and should  never lie practiced.. Some peoplethink  It is necessary, but this Is a mistake.  The hands should 1)0 kept dry. It the.v  arc not, it is impossible - to prevent  drops of milk from constantly falling  from them into the pall.  The pail should bo held closo to the  udder so as to expose the milk to the  nlr as litlle as possible. Thc farther  the streams fall nud the more tliey  spray tlio moro dirt nnd bacteria tliey  collect.  Contamination from the foro-  THE DAIRY AND THE COW.  A    Woman'*    Eloquent    Tribute    to  These Twin Benedictions.  The following eloquenttribute to the  twin benedictions, the dairy anil the  cow, from the pen of Mrs. W. B. nunt  of Georgia,appears In a recent contribution to the Jersey Bulletin: What is  a dairy? Answering from my own experience, 1 should say a place to make  butter and poetry in. In the dairy is  that occurence of daily miracle���tin.  transmitting of golden, sunshine,  through the blossom nnd the grass, into golden butter���and In this transmission is Involved all the mysterious,  subtle forces In tho air above, the  earth beneath .nml the witters under  the earth, whose sum total we call "nature" and whoso understanding "science." In that Invisible laboratory  wliere (he clod turns to a violet ami  tho worm to a bnlterily and the egg tn  a thrush's song and the dawn Is painted on a seashell there tlio glint of a  sunbeam and perfume of a llower are  caught and held in an envelope of silk.  This is a butter granule, and It comprehends nil things from'star dust to  llower dew. lis shape i.s that of the  whirling world around the ruii, nnd.  like them, It obeys the concords of astronomy thnt hold and bind the universe. The scientist's microscope wil1  loll you of "sugar of milk." of "casein"  and of tangible solids, but only the po  et's subtle sense wiil discover that  caught In that tlnyVgossamer envoi  ipppspss:  HOOPS FOR THE SILO.  milk must bo avoided by discarding tlio   ope, arc the song of the kirk, the glow  . flrst few streams drawn, or less than a  gill ln nil. This entails littic loss, as.  tho first milk drawn Is always poor in  butter fat, and if it happens to be badly  contnmliiatcd, as Is frequently the ease,  much injury and trouble may be saved.  ���Farm, Field and Stockman.  Cnnndlnn lliitter Problem.  It Is somewhat strange that, although  tho summer and fall creamery butter  of tho province of Quebec is of a finer  grade than that of the same make of  western, yet the winter mnke ot western is superior to tlmt of Quebec We  enn only account for this on tho assumption that the western farmers  feed their cows . wilh more suitable  food in the winter than do the farmers  of this province, who use turnips nnd  other less desirable feed, or else the  western men have superior facilities  in llieir factories during the cold weather for turning out creamery butter  thnn wo hnve in the province of Quebec; but, whatever may -bo the cause,  the fact remains that, western made  ' winter creamery is generally liner than  ��� Quebec winter creamery, although the  ease is reversed during summer nnd  fall. In proof of this, moro money was  paid for western creamery the past  winter than for Quebec creamery.���  Montreal Trade Bulletin.  Dairy  Husbandry.  A course of study in judging dairy  ��� products has just been introduced in  the dairy husbandry department of the  College of Agriculture at the University of Illinois. The course is principally designed for students in general  agriculture and includes a brief treatment of the subject of dairy sanitation,  the production of milk and the methods employed for the manufacture of  common dairy.products. Following this,  great stress will be laid on the proper  selection of milk and the judging'of  butter nud cheese. In judging thc  products score cards are.used to illustrate the-relative Importance of each  of the points to be considered essential  in a standard product. The .object of  the course is to give tlie student who  specializes in lines of agriculture other  than dairying an opportunity lo gain a  proper conception of the qualities good  dairy products should possess.;  MnsRiioliiiNctta   Lends.  Massachusetts has a new law relating to the Babcock milk test. All persons who use .tho test to determine tlio  value, of milk or cream either to the  producer or purchaser are amenable to  the law. Since the law went into oper-  ation G.G10 pieces of glassware have  been inspected by tbe state authorities,'  and 0.4 por cent have been found defective. Forty-nine, candidates have been  examined, aud all but two have passed.  ' as. being fitted to operate the test.  Forty machines have been examined,  and twenty were found gootl. eleven  partially out of repair,'nnd nine were  condemned.  The foregoing record gives evidence  of the need of such a law in overy  state���Hoard's Dairyman.  Tlie Dally Waste.  Thero is one item that is often overlooked in the keeping of cows, and cs-  ���pcclnlly-so-of-dairy-eows,-and-that-is-  daily waste. Tliere Is practically the  same whether the animal ia a good  milker or a poor one. In all eases thc  food necessary for tbe support of nnlmal life and to make up the daily  waste must come flrst; and then the  milk or beef comes next after this is  taken out. If the nnlmnl given a small  amount of mill;, the cost of food as  waste In proportion to tlie amount of  milk secured Is greater thnn with a  large amount of milk, and of course  tills prolit Is decreased accordingly.  Feeding poor cows in the dairy Is practically n waste of feed.���Agrleola.  Wlint   Im  il  Profltulile   llrlforT  A California reader asks how much  , mill! a heifer should give, and wllh  what average test, to be considered  worth keeping.  It Is quite, impracticable to give a  ' direct answer lo an Inquiry of ihis  chiiactor. sajs Ilo.ud's luh.unin  llisl. because heifeis mij so ninth in  the qu.intltj of milk nnd Its In ton  lent and second, because it mij ir������  quently happens that a heifei uuh  flist calf, for reasons tli.it t mi'ot be  explained, f.uK to do heisell Justice  We should hesitate to ^condemn ,i well  bred heifer even though bin* mlidit do  Tory pooi'lj the first jear B��'t oidl-  narily vie expect our hcifein with first  talf to give three-fourths to one pound  of fat per day and keep this up ns an  average for severjl months  of the dawn, the ripple of streams, tho  balm of twilight, the breath; of blossoms���all the mystery and .'melody of  nature's rhythmic pulse bents from buds  of May to tawny leaves of autumn  And in the mnking and conserving of  these silken covered atoms is-comprc  hended ���what? Agriculture, botany,  chemistry, bacteriology and all laws  governing plant and animal, life, and,  back of all and involved in all, lie Infinite human thought and labor that  are allied to nil science.  Tlio" cow herself, wlint Is she? Tho  deity of the dairy!: Nature's own symbol! She is tho Greek Astarto nnd the  Syrian Ashtoreth and theVBnbylonlnn  Mylitta and the Egyptian Osiris and  Isis, in every age and clime tho personification of maternity, theobject of  man's adoration. Deified nnd worshiped by nil priests nnd peoples, carved in stone in nil pagnn temples, with  eyes of tbe same unfathomable calm  she looks at us, ns onoe sho gazed on  kneeling worshipers in Egypt. With  lier from Asln into Europe came arts  and science, letters, language and religion. Look nt her and read the history of humanity! Every age and every clime have left their slamp upon  hor. From Home to Gaul, from Haul  to Normandy, from Normandy tocthe  islnnd of Jersey, thence to America,  where modern science lias perfected  her���thus has tho cow become the exponent of man's highest civilization.  "Measure it not by the height of his  church steeples or number bf his.school*  houses, but look nt the buttei' he eats!"  How   to   Mnke   Them   From   Spring  Wire ni.il  Tlielr ArivnittiiKcK.  An Ohio Tanner correspondent illustrates u way of making wire hoops foi  silos out of spring wire thnt he has  found by experience works perfectly:  To determine llie Icnglh of the hoop  do not lake a lapellne and measure  around the silo, but llrst intuit the  miinlHT of stales. For example. 100  staves - by I. worked to a sl.'.c of :,')i  inches; 100 st.ucs times .'!)i equal ",1  feet I! Inches. That would be the site  of the s'lo wllh the stales drawn  tightly together and nlso the Icnglh ot  the honp when drawn lightly U.getliei  anil under full pressure.  Now, to make a hoop I fust draw a  chalk line along a level space ol';.*i*jiiihI  :ib shown In ihe cut at the bottom:  next take a piece of ���! bj I scantling  the width of Iho hoop desirid lo lie  made, and space it oft as shown on the  scantling, C, in the cut: next place the  steel .square on as .shown in Hie cut  and he particular to get the se.irtllng  at right angles with thc chalk line:  next drive slakes (b, b). /fake a tape  line nnd measure from A lo A. In  using No. '.) spring wire I hnve found  A  TIKIISOME   SENTIMENT.  There is u type of ultra tender heart-  eduess and sympathy for dumb animals exhibited by some people which  becomes a good deal of u nuisance.  They seem to entirely overlook the fact  that in order that they may hnve meat  to est somebody must take the life of  the animal. They go daft over dogs  and arc utterly InditTeicnt to the horrors of hydrophobia and ull the lung  list of meannesses of which dogs are  capable. They call the dehorning of  cattle, the cutting off of the lamb's tall,  the surgical tl eminent of malt* animals  of all sorts, cruelly to dumb animals  nnd come at .iou with the argument  that If these social processes and operations nre right then lhe Lord made  a mistake when he created tliere animal*!, ii is very tiresome to come  across this sort of humanitarian. Man  was placed on lhe earth to subdue It.  In this work of subjugation he may du  much hy kindness and should so do  wherever possible, but some things  must be subdued by force anil llie use  of seemingly harsh methods, and it Is  utter folly to Ignoie this fuel. Not even  the ways of the Almighty are all gentle, nearly all the sanitary, renovating  and rebuilding processes of nature being to a greater or lesser extent liaish  and seemingly cruel.  HOW TO  MAKE CHEEBE.  C  c  Typical  Dnlry  IlendH.  The head of n Jersey cow presents  the perfect type of bovine beuuty. The  Hoistein cow is somewhat larger in the  head, with a heavier fnce. In the il-  lustration tho Jersey bend appears to  be the broader. ' By actual  measure-  sntiNo wna; iiooi* rou tug sn.o.  that placing my two scantlings (C. C)  one foot less m length than the actual  size of the staves around the silo gives  all the piessutc that tlie thre.ids on  three three-quarter Inch bolts ' will  stand. In putting the wire on to the  scantling (C, Ci piece the roll of wire  nt d. take the end and commence in  the middle of the clump at A and let  two "men take hold and pull the wir?  over tlie second clamp at A, pulling as  much as they can comfortably, while  the third man staples it down Proceed in like manner with eaeh wire  you wish to put on. being careful to  draw each wire alike. In a tioop math  In this manner, when put on io ihe silo  and clamped up. every wire will draw  alike. I am convinced that the spring  wire hoop is "the thing" to hoop the  silo with, as it will give when the silo  swells and will tako up the slack when  the silo is empty in summer.  - HEADS- O F- DAIRY- O ATTIiE.-  ment this Is not generally the case, bu,  thc shorter head of tlie Jersey, witli  the greater dish to the face, causes  tills appearance. Tho development uf  the eye nnd bruin should be especially  emphasized.  The Illustration Is reproduced from  farmers' bulletin N'o, 1*13, United States  department of agriculture. ���  Foul  Brood.  Mr. It. L. Taylor said nt the beekeepers' convention, as reported b.v  The Bee Journal, that he hud cured  many diseased colonies of foul brood  by shaking tho bees off from their  combs and giving tbem a new hive and  foundation lilled frames. However,  when the disease is In the advanced  stage and could be told b.v tbe odor  when entering the apiary, lie thought  burning wns the safest and best.  When he first had foul brood in Ins  yard, ho said one of tlie affected colonies cast a swaim wliich lie hhed ou  foundation and it lemained healthy.  This showed him the way. He had  found tliat foul brood did not spieatl ns  rapidly as wc are led to helicie. but  advised to exeiciso great e.ire lo prevent tlie spiending of tlie disensc by  bees robbing. The work of shaking off  the bees should he done rapidly. It  would not do lo treat diseased colonics  when bees i\i*c (lying. Diseased bees  sliould also lie ,>rciented from enteiing  adjoining hives. Early in the morning,  he thought, was n good.tlme. before the  bees got to flying. He cautioned not to  leave any honey lying around anywhere. With care the disease could he  cured. One need not get into a frenzy  because his bees have the disease.  HOUR  IMPROVRMRXT.  The question of homo Improvement  is always a live one, and now lhat the  mortgage Is paid off and there Is a little niouey In the bank some thought  should .be given to this subject. We  hate to see a twenty thousand dollar  man trying lo live in a two hundred  nnd fifty dollar home, for he ought in  justice to Ids fatu'-ly to live in some  thing better. Ue thc house what it  may, there is still a chance for all to  improve the home surroundings. So  much may be accomplished with paint,  straightening nnd cleaning up. tree  planting nnd lawumakiug that even  the comparatively cheap and poor  house can be made the nucleus of a  pretty and" attractive view. American  women nre ruted as the most attractive Af any women, and largely because of the taste they exhibit in attire and manner. In ihe same way the  American home should be made equally pleasing. It looks like foolishness  to put .$3,000 In a fine house and then  pile firewood and old harness on the  front porch, while' the poultry befoul  the walks and make dusting places of  the flower beds.  SORGIIUM AS FORAGE.  The use of sorghum ns a forage crop  is becoming more and more general  each year. .Men who have tried it  like it and sny that no forage raised  on the farm is so eagerly eaten by  stock of all kinds, and It seems to  make no diffoience if lt docs become a  little mildewed aud musty; the stock  will eat It up clean. The best success  with this crop is hnd by sowing the  Inst of May, drilled or bioadeast, and  sowing thickly, cutting it just as late  ns possible In the fall, so that the hard  frosts will not spoil it, then bunching  It into cocks in tbe field of 51)0 cr 000  poundsJ each and letting It Tetuaiti  there until wanted in the winter. In  this way it does not cure as does hay.  but retains its Juices aud succulent  qualities. It is greatly esteemed as a  substitute for silage.  Mllh   Floor.  Dr. M. EcUcnberg of Gothenburg has  iwijlt* n discovery which will lie of Im*  pnrtnnce In dairy farming. He claim?  to hnve Invented nn apparatus by  whicli milk can be brought Into the  form of ii powder, like Hour lu appear,  ance, but possessing all lhe qualities  of tnillt In concentrated form, moisture  excepted. It Is said thai this mill; Hour  Is completely soluble In water and can  be used ' fur all pui-jWcs for which  common milk Is employed  Itlpenlnt; llllk For Cheese.  The pioLess is the snine as in llpcn  Ing for butter and consists In the deicl  opmont of a certain amount of lady;  acid. This amount is dele: mined by  some of the \aiious rennet tests The  eoiiimciclal rennet extracts are acioiu-  p.iu.cd by directions telling lust the  amount to be used. The deielopmcnl  of lactic acid should not proceed so fai  thnt the milk is distinctly bour to thc  taste.  Pen* New .Terncy  Trucker* Grow.  The first seeds sown in the open with  us C\'*j;iniouth comity, N, J.) an* usually cany p"as. of the round, hard. Daniel O'Kourkc type. A row growers pin  tin I r faith on Caller's First Crop and  flnil_iLs.'itiKt'.*ic*t(.ry_ln_heavy_solls For.  second early, or Fourth of July, peas  McLean's Advancer Is geneially relied  ou.   They at*" sown nbout April 1 and  often  Inn llately followed  hy   Utile  Gem or American Wonder where the soil  Is very rich .Volt's Excelsior Is taking  place wherever tried a�� tlio eaillest and  most productive sweet wrinkled pen.  hut Is not .iet generally adopted. Champion ol tinglnml anil Bliss Aliundance  nie most fieipiently planted tnr the latest varieties. The lalicr Is pnnliicllve.  but the quality Is uot high. Chemical  fertlllzeis arc not liked I'or eaily varieties Tl��' general Impression Is lhat  gei initiation |h Injured. Finely tolled  immure Is the reliance, aud l.i���t icmiIis  me gained when thoroughly lueoipnrat*  ed In thc i-oll.-Cor. Ittinil New Yuikcr  TIIF, r.OItrcii TIIC WORST PRST.  .Our almost daily experience with a  large apple orchard leads us to the  conclusion that ol all the pests which  beset the apple tree none is so much  to be feared as the work of the borer  'J he troublo Is that unless a most vigi  ���laut uud expert watch is kept upon  the trees the damage is all done before  It Is In any way manifest to the casual  observer. The Insidious work of this  pest is charged up to climate, cold,  heat, sunscald, blight, when' all the  while nothing Is the matter save that  a white grub half an inch long Is gir  dling tlie tree' under the kirk Jus:  above the roots nnd surely killing It  If a young tree blossoms full and  sets ti heavy crop of fruit, you may  he a'most certain that there Is a borer  working on IL  Dlreetlova   Intended   For   a   Fa&itll?  Witli Three ur F����iir Covm,  Thousands of families having two or  three cows each would like to make a  hundred or more pounds of cheese for  home eating if they knew just how��.  Three cows are quite enough for making cheese for a small family. Two  good cows will do very well. A hoop,  either of wood or tin. Is iicces.stir.i  About 17 Inches In circumference und  7 or 8 Inches deep Is about the si'/.r-  needed. A yard of thin, coarse muslin  Is also needed for straining. The ill  lections glim for mnking cheese on a  large scale should be followed as near  ns conveniences will allow. A tin or  cqpper boiler will do to set thc milk In,  though n cheese box with a hole neur  the bottom, stopped with n plug fur  drawing off the whey, Is used by some  and considered inure convenient. I use  lhe boiler and like It best.  The mill! should bo set In puns ov��r  night, put iu tlie holler und warmed In  the morning when morning's milk Is  added, and It Is icady for the rennet  It should be just blood warm. If ton  cool, the curd will be lender or, In olh  er words, the white whey will coine  out. No directions can be given as to  the quantity of rennet, ns It varies in  strength. The .<nrd should come iu  half or three-quarters of au hour. If  It comes too soon, put In less rennet  next time. When the curd shows  whey on the top by pressing the linger  on lt, cut it with a knife both ways,  lu half an hour slip the whey If In a  boiler. If in a tin box, drain It by  dripping. Pour Iiot water on the curd  after the whey is off till sufficiently  scalded, which Is known by taking a  handful, pressing it slightly and toss  ing in the air. If it adheres together,  it is sufficient. Before scalding, however, the curd should he cut as fine as  possible wllh a milk skimmer... This is  Important. After scalding drain thoroughly and hang it or lay It on a  cheesecloth rack, then wrap in a dry  cloth nnd put in the coolest place you  have till next day.  The next morning when tlie new  curd is drained put the old cuml in  some warm whey for a short time.  When tlie new curd is ready for the  press, cut both old and new In small  pieces and salt sufficiently. If too  much salt Is used, the cheese will bo  hard nnd crumbly; if too little, the  cheese will not cure good. Tbe curd is  now-ready for the press. After pressing it should be tnkvn from hosp and  turned and n dry cloth put over it nnd  put to press again. At night it should  be again turned and a blindage sewed  round it. Lot the cheese remain iu the  press till morning; thcu grease it'-wlth  very salt butter or lard. Some use  grease that" red peppers have been  steeped in and think cheese files arc  not us tioublcsome. Almost anything  will do for a cheese press. As good  choose as ever could be eaten was  pressed on a block under a board, with  one ond placed between the logs of nn  old house and stones Inid on the outer  end. Another was a common bench  with two upright pieces at ench end  nnd a lever passing between them,  fastened with a pin nt one end and  with weights hung on the other cud,���  St. Louis Globe-Democrat.  A'LOW COST* SILO.  TIIC  BLACK  SQUASH  BUG.  A gentleman fiom I'oiinsylvnnlu  writes wishing io know how to ileal  with the large black squash bug which  for tin*' first time Inst yeur destroyed  the squash vines in his locality. We  had the same pest last year to contend  with In the west nlso. These heelles  attack the vines after n growth of two  "or" thfec~foet~is "m.rdeltud ~iiial;e~"sliorr  work of tliem. The pests feed on the  uudeaJdo of the leaves, and this fact  makes it dllllcult to reach tliem by any  ordinary method of spraying We shall  try three things on them this season  If they make their appearance���belle  hore powder, luiidon purple and purls  green���and will ieport later whlcli of  these temedles Is the most effective.  Triiimplniitlnar CnltlmKi1 nml  Ivnle.  It   Is  best  to  transplant  the young  plinillets of i.ilili'ige,  k.ile  1  i.iull  Ilouei Hi ice. tii --t 11 um lhe sceill.nl to  boxes 'ft homes nbout the lime the  second set of true leaves tippctit pl.te  lug the plants twentj four Inci ?*, a|i.ul  ench n.ij and tinnsplautlng ngiln to  the opm ground In rows fom to llie  feet npiit, ulth plants two to foi'r feet  npnit in the ion If the plnnts are  st.iiteil under teier. the} should be  hniilened off by exposure to light nnd  ill during ii'n* unrmer houis or seveinl  dn.is picu-dlng thc final transplanting,  -liulley.  SI/.I3  OF Sill:!)  POTATOr.S.  We are asked about planting small  'potatoes���will such seed produce small  po', n't lies? While It is true that continuous selectluu of the smallest potatoes I'or hi'i'd would surely have n tend  ciicy to run the variety out und give  nothing hut small potatoes, the use of  such seed, the ciiIIk of u good crop,  would not probably for the Hist crop  /how any marked difference lu product  as compared with tliat raised from the  largest potatoes We tin its this >etn  planted one piece of potatoes with  small seed, fiom the sbe of u walnut  to a hen's egg, and alongside hint  printed seed fiom the best selected po  l.ttoes Thej aie of the snine inilety,  and ne will repott Jesuits.  There Is no use In disputing the fact  that the dnir.ynihn who feeds a balanced   ration   will   come  out  ahead  Just think of compelling a cow to put  niul pass thiough her dlgcsthe twt  nutrients she cannot use, while she Is  starving for olliei nutrients she needs  If you want her to do her best, you  must furnish her the material to do it  with.-N. W   Pacific .Farmer. ,*        -  Siimir Boi'tii For Stock.* ,  Secretary of Agriculture Wilson In a  recent    address   before   the    National  Live Stock association urged ihe iihmu  hers to grow more sugar beets I'm- stci-u  feeding.   This advice lias been ghen lu  this depainnent   and  strongly  Urged,  but the stt.cUiuen do not take kindly to  the use of root crops because most of  them imparl nu objectionable flavor lo  tl.e butler    This, however. Is not  Unease with sugar beets, and they sliould  be grown for the purpose by all dairy  men whose soil will produce them al a  low cost.    In localities wheie sugar is  made fiom ihe beets It Is possible In  buy the byproduct at a low price, and  Jt enn be fed to stock with_eonsli\eruJi_!_  profit.     Unfortunately   ninny   feedeis  have nn  Idea   ��� lint  If  they  feeil"* n.ni  crops to stock It Is In order to reduce  some of the other rations, nnd kiu-Ii  feeders   arc   always   very   much   set  against roots.    It Is possible to reduce  the  quantity   of  ro|igliage  somewlnil  when roots are made a part or the ru  tlon.although It Is better lo keepn full  supply of roughage and reed the roots  only In quiiiillllcH siilllclem to keep the  bowels In good condition, and In such  small quantities they arc not apt lo tin  part any Minor that I.s objectionable i<>  tho mllk.-IOxchniige.  i    llevl Pulp ua Food |.-<ir Conn.  The  general   opinion   among   those  who have fed beet pulp to milk cows  Is that It Is a good feed, although the  feed from frozen beets should be used  with caution.   Growing nnd fattening  cattle do well on It. and someday It  has saved one-third of the coarse foil  der.    Both young lambs and breeding  ewes like pulp, and for them lt Is a  profitable and valuable factor In the  ratlon.-Director C. D. Smith, Michigan  Experiment Stntion.  Don't Feed All Alike.  Feed as nearly as practical a balanced ration. But all cows should not be  'ed alike. Those Inclined to lay on  flesh should be fed less of the carbo-*  hydrates, such as corn, and those Inclined to turn nil their feed Into milk  should be fed more of sucb feed.  Kind ot Material Needed and Method  ��� f  PnttlDK   It   Tocethcr."  A wide diversity oT Ideas exists as to  what is the best silo. Those factory  made and in sections bnve been found  to do about what ls claimed for them  and are a most desirable silo for the  dairyman who can secure them. Among  l hose tbat may be put up at home ls  the round stave silo, one of the cheapest sorts, and if It were not liable to  collapse on account of ehtliikngi* uf the  slaves und expansion of the Irjti hoops  it would be very sntisfuctoiy, says  Fnini and Home,  Several of late have used wooden  hoops which cannot shrink or lengthen  endwise. The inside sheeting Is of one  Inch Georgia pine, which does not  shrink, lt is su full of pitch that moisture has practically no effect upon It.  The foundation of this style silo Is in  Its wooden hoops six inches wide and  made of half inch elm lumber sprung  around a form nud built up with well  lapped Joints, using a trille longer null  ench time until thc hoop bus u thickness for the tliree bottom hoops of Iho  layers. The remaining live top hoops  require only four layers ench. The average silo will not require more than  300 feet of lumber and 20 pounds of  nails for the hoops, xvhich are easily  and quickly, made and should not cost  more than $1.25 ench, or 510 for thc lot.  This is a good deal less thnn tho cost  of lhe usuiil iron hoops and lugs. A  threo corneicd frame is elected at-the  exact outside clicumferonce of the silo  und the hoops placed ln position and  fastened. ', '  The 'lining of tho silo is then put on ,  and should be of inch Georgia pine  lumber three Inches wide, matched nnd  nailed to tho hoops the same ns the  flooring. Wlien thc.lining Is on within  twenty Inches of tlie starting place, put  iu 2 by 4 studding up nnd down be-  txveen thc hoops on ench side of the  door for door stays nnd jambs. Make  the doors of the_same lumber as the  walls, cutting them into, joints on the  inside of the hoops.  If thc silo is outside the barn. It can  be covered with tarred paper nnd cheap  siding run botli up and down as a protection against frost. The roof and  foundation nre the snmejis for any silo,  and tho outside covering could be of  nny sort the owner wished, or It might  go without siding, the same as uny other tub silo. If protected from the  wenther. the wooden hoops sliould Inst  for .Vears, and If at nny time the inside  lining became "dozy" It might be lined  with tarred paper and then sheeting,  thereby making It serviceable again for  a number of years at small cost..  In speaking of profits in dairying a  writer in Practical Farmer Bays:'  A fairly good dairy cow will produce  G,000 pounds of milk per year, which,  sold at 3 cents per pound, the prevailing price, makes $150 per year. From  a given ration she will consume���and  we will charge tbe cow for full ration  for 3(15 days���2 1-3 tons of cowpea hay,  valued at $2S; five,tons of ensilage, at  ?10; two tons of corn stover, valued at  $10, and one-third ton cottonseed mcnl,  valued nt $S, a grand total of $3G for  cost of food for one cow that produces  $150 worth of milk. Besides this you  have coivpen hay. which you hnve sold  for $12 per ton, corn ensilage at $2 and  corn stover at $5 a ton in form of milk.  And' then tho manure! All of It but  $5.G0 returned to your soil. If dairying  docs not pny now, it is becnuse the tarn-  chinas nre woithless���that is, the cow  which takes the raw material (as corn  stover, cowpea hoy. etc.) to make into  finished products., as milk and butter,  Is worthless Use a good bull,-.then, to  breed up to dairy stock, aud as soon ns  this Is done dairy stock will Improve  and dairying will become the most  profitable Industry In the middle south,  more profitable than cotton growing or  cotton manufacturing. "    - '  Hcnd ot the Herd at Pnu-American.  Mary Marshall stood at the head of  the Guernsey herd nt the I'un-Ameri-  can   test,   producing   during   the   six  aUEIl.VSET COW MAIIY VIAKUUALIi.  months 5,011 pounds of mlllc. 5.3*0 per  cent of hiitter fnt or 301.13 pounds of  fat. :,r,-t.2U pounds of churned butter.  She xvas bred by Kara Mlchciier. Bucks  county, 1'n., nnd sold for $1,000 to Albert C. Lorlng of Minnesota.  Her I''lr��t Calf,  There should be no such thing ns  "breaking In a heifer" xvhen she has  her first calf. She should be ho cat of ally handled thnt there will bu no necessity for doing the, thing nfter thnt  should be done before calving. If this  hns not been done before, begin, somo  weeks before calving to familiarize tho  heifer with the milker. Stroke her, caress ber, bundle the udder, doing everything so carefully that any advance In  the process will be unnoticed by tho  animal. Within a fow days the udder  can Ue handled at will, and the heifer  will soon come to enjoy ttuu evon >z- _  pect such caresses. If'ttls'Trcrl L'  carefully and kindly 'done, there will  be no trouble'wben milking time comes.  -Vl^*i    J*    y- ),*.,',', .{..- ' ' *i  THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER, B. C.  The gicatcst pay o da/icer ever received was ��1,200 a year for six-  years paid to Mario Tagltoni. But  for shorter periods higher pay has  been given. Miss Fuller is said to  havo receixed ��195 in a singlo week.  Mr T. J. ITuincs, Columbus. Ohio,  writes : "I hnve been afflicted for some  time ttith Kidney and Llvor Complaints,  niul flint Piirniclco's I'llls the hest medicine for thco dlseasos. Theso pills do  not causo pain or grlplnc, uml should ha  used when n mthnrtlc Is re<|.iiri*il, Thev  nie Gchilino Coutctl. nml rolled iu thu  Flour of Licorice to preserve tholr purity, and give them a pleasant, agieenhlo  taste.  London consumes 11, tons of salt ��.  dny.  King Chulnlnnkorn of Sinm has '15  ���thor names.  Germany issues a steady avarago of  23,700 new books yearly.  Messis. C.  C. Hichards & Co.,  Gentlemen���ln Juae 'OS 1 had my  hand und wrist badly bitten by a  vicious horso. I suffeted gieatly for  sevoiul days, and tlio tooth cuts le-  fused to houi, until your agent gavo  me a bottlo of MINARD'S LINIMENT, which I began using, and the  effect was magical. In five houis tho  pain hud ceased, and in two weoks  tho wound had completely healed  and my_ hand and ai ni wero us woll  as evorV ~--^Youis truly,  \ A. E. ROY,  Carriage Maker,  St. Antoine, P.Q  Forty-two different occupations  have their patron saint. Tlioso include pin-makers, .spectncle-innkots,  ti^-collectors, nhoelivnghts, brush-  makcis and nurses  The price of an artificial leg varies  fiom Jtl6 to ��20. The most expensive ono belonged to tho Marquis of  Anglcsea, who lost his leg at Waterloo.   It cost ��80.  Minard's Liniment is best Hair Restorer.  In Hungary the legal ago of an individual dates only fiom baptism  '"'1,770   miles  of   thread  have   been  spun out of a single pound of cotton.  Tho whole Bntish Isles occupy only  1-3 000 of tho land suifnce of the  globe.  DYSPEPSIA ARD INDIGESTION ��� C  XV Snow &. Co . Sviuu.sc NY., write  "Please send us ten gloss of Pills Wo  aie selling more of Purmeless's Pills thnn  any other Pill we keen They have a  gieat lcputation for the cure of llysiicp-  sia nntl Livoi Complaint,." illr. Chiules  A Smith, Lindsay.-writes : "Pnrmelee-s  Pills are nn excellent medicine My sister has heen tiouhlcd with sei eie liciul-  achc,  hut, theso Pills havo cured hei  Queen Alexandra owns a pair of  opera .glasses, niade in Vienna, valued at ��4,000 Thoy aie of platinum, set with diamonds, .siipphncs,  and rubies        ,   . ,   '  Thc longest bridge in tho world is  ^ the Lion Bridgo, ovor an arm of the  Yellow Sea, i,n China, ilt is 5_ miles  long, and tho loaduay 70 feet above  water.  Nurses' Experience.  Medical men say that a good  nurse in a difficult case is better  than medicine, but when we get a  good nurse and good medicine, the  patient stands a niuchj'better chance  of recovery. The few words of advice given below by nurse Eliza  King, are xvell xvorthy the attention  of all readers : ,   _,  "I have constantly used St. Jacobs  Oil in tho various situations I have  occupied as nurse, and havo invariably found It excellent ln all cases  roquiring outwuid application, such  as sprains, bruises, rheumatic affections, neuralgia, etc. In cuses of  pleurisy' It la an oxcollcnt remedy-  well rubbed in. I can strongly ro-  ^oiuinend it nfter several years' uso  and cxporionco. It should bo in every  household."  Sister Carolina, St. Andrew's Hob-  pltal, writes : "I havo found St.  Jacobs Oil a most olllcaclous remedy  ln gout; also in sprains und bruises.  Indeed, wo cannot say too much in  its praise, and our doctor is order-  inc lt constantly."  Two ladies���Angelica Kaufman and  Mrs. Lloyd���have become members of  the Royal Academy.  WATSOFTHE'PAKIR.  HE FREQUENTLY GETS HIS STOCK IN  TRADE ON TRUST.  The first meerschaum pipe nas  smoked nt 1'esth in 1723. It is still  in the museum of that town.  Monkev Brand Bonn removes all stains  1    dirt    or tarnish���but    won't   wash  clothes.  An iron shaving has been cut by,  the Brush Electiic Company which is  237 feet long.  In may, 1893, a cod was anight  off Flamborough Head containing 59  fish-hooks,  all  baited.  BABY'S   OWN   TABLETS.  Where can I got somo of HoIIownv's  ���orn Cure V I waa entirely cured of mv  oorna bv this remedv and I wish some  more of it for mv friends. So writes Mr  J. XV   Urown, Chlcntro.  , Frog-skin makes tho toughest lenther known in pioportion to its  thickness.  Japanese papers contnin telegrams  stating that 5,000 persons lost then  lives by the overflowing of the West  niver in China. There was also heavy  loss of property and life in Formosa  fcy floods,  followed by a tidal wave.  HUpIacetl  Confidence.  An Irishman ouce applied for a Job  on board n certain ship.  "Well." snid the captain, "where are  your recommendations?"    ' ���     K  "Shure, an' I hnien't enny, sur."  "Can't take you. then; got n German  here with fine recommendations; have  to giie the Job to him."  Pat begged so hard, however, that  the captain finally agreed to take him  "'and the German both ou n trial trip,  the bcHt man to June tbe permanent  Job.  They were well ����t at sea when a  storm arose one day while Tat and the  Gerr an were scrubbing tho deck. A  " big-wave-cnme-along~nnd~swept"the  German overboard j with his" bucket.  Pat immediately picked up tils bucket  and stnrtcd after the captain, whom  lie found below.  "Well. fnt. what's the matter noxv?"  the cnptnln Inquired.  "Fiilth. sur, ye know thnt German  (What hud such folnorlcoinmlndntioiis?"  "Yes: xihat of blm?"  "IJegorrn, sur, nn' he's gone oft with  one of your buckets."  rn��Nl'N Mnrvrnerlte.  The ^wotnati who Inspired CoethP  wllh the Iden of Ills liiiuiuitnl "Mm**  glieille" wns ii plnclil Ceriiiiiu or the  middle clfiHH, v. Iio refused the poet's  love  Voi Weak, Slckl}   uml  Fretful   Children  ��f All As-���.  ll the 'ehildicn's digestive organs  ate all right, thc children nie "all  light. They will be heatty, losy,  happy���and hungiy. Got tho littlo  ones right, and keep them right by  the uso of Baby's Own Tablets This  medicine cuies all stomach and bowel  ttoublcs, neivousness, nritation  while teething, otc. These Tablets  contain ao opiate or poisonous diugs  uud mothcis who liy them onco xvill  not be iiithodt them'while they have  little ones His I) E lladgley,  XAoodmoie, Mnn , snjs . "When oui  little gnl ��as about s,,\ months old  she caught a bad cold, and was much  tioublcd with indigestion and constipation, and xeiy icstless both dny  and night One of my ncighbois  hi ought me some Baby's Oxin Tablets nnd in a few dujs my littlo ono  wus lcgular in hei bowels und rested  well 1 found the Tablets so satis-  factoiy that I now always keep them  in the house and have since found  them valuable xvhen she was teething I can truly lccommend them for  the ills of little ones "  Cluldion take these Tablets readily,  and crushed to n powder thoy can be  given with absolute snfety to the  smallest infant. The Tablets can be  obtained at all drug slotes. or you  can got them post paid at 25 cents a  box by writing direct to The Dr  Williams' Medicine; Co, Biockvillo,  Ont., or Schenectady, N Y.  The number of copies of daily news-  pnpeis cu culated last year in tho  United States was 2,805,4.66,000,  and of uoeklies 1,208,190,000.  Bristol Cuthedral nas 382 years in  building, and Gloucester Cathcdial  425 Peterborough and Durham also  took ovor four ccntuiics to complete.  fflsard's- Llaiaeat is (be fcest.  There are 4,615 dentists in the  Unilet} Kingdom, or about 1 to overy  8 doctors.  * St. Paul's Cathedral is insured in  ten different ollicos. The amount is  about  ��95,000.  SOnn FEET ���Mrs E .1 Neill, Ne*  Armagh, 1* Q , writes : "For nearly six  months I was troubled with burning  aches and pains in mv feet to such nn  extent that 1 could not sleot) at nlirht  and as my feet wero badly swollen. J  could not wenr mv hoots for weeks At  last I Rot; a bottlo of Dr. Thomas' Ec-  lcctilc Oil and resolved to trv it nnd to  mv astonishment 1 cot almost instant  icllef. and tho one bottle accomplished a  porfect curo.  l'lilil;ip!iH-   nice.  Mote lli.'in twenty varieties of rice  uie known In the l'lilllppli>i"<: but  IlliillVil this i.v'i'enl Is so liii|joi*liii!i |o  the ti'itnes. not eunuch ol It N p;o  limed to supply thou- iu.(.||., uml iiiive  (in.'iiilitii'j hnve to he Imp-uus! annually    1,'iiin'ne  Art.  f  The i hli.e*, reiei jepiesimt the  nude either Itl sculpture or painting.  IJltflepllOfi.  OM40 epileptic Li.itlents in London  whose hlstoiles iiere carefully followed up ninety proied to' be descendants  of alcoholic parents, n pioi>ortlou of 64 1  per cent.  Tlie Vatican has 8 grand,stair-  cascs, and 200 smaller ones. "���  Tho Severn Tunnel lies 45 feet lo  100 foet beloxv the bed of tho river.  Farringdon   Street    Is    tho  xvidest  thoroughfare in tho City of London.  Tlie Australian tnlcgalla is tho  only bird which Icnvcs its nest full-  Hedged.  Cnt    rionei'i.  An'expert declares tlmt cut (lowers,  even of tho hothouse variety, may be  kept over night with complete success  If thu stems are clipped n little and the  flowers then put In a biisin or pall of  water deep cnotmh lo allow the blossoms to llo.it ou the (op.  flrttlNl!   l.lull(llOUH(*H.,  Ilalf a million sii>rllng Is contributed  nuniiiilly by Hilllsli shipowners to de*  fui tlie cost of lighting the coasts.  SmnUo   f i ti fi   IJ'.'i'H.  Smoke  Is  the  onlj   tiiMu  lhat  will  successfully contiol bees    The kind of  smoke seems to inula* llltle duleiente  A    tin. or   CuHtorM.  Among the llcdunlns it Is nu unwrlt  ten law thut a niide vliill run nxvuj  rrom het liusluiiul iiiiiuedlatel.i alter  the nun tinge ri'iemniiy. - The luekiess  bridegioom Is supposi-d to search every  tent lu the tube until he tlnds her. of-  ten a task of sewinl daja' duration.  One Day IIU rockets Dulse With  Coin, and on Another He Im n Meit-  dlcant���lie In u Good Jmlse uf  Tojs' SellluK Qnulltien.  The stieet fakir is a highly inlcrfcstmij  diameter. Ilm fortunes are vaiinblc as  the w ind and his place of business as  ciiaus'i'.ilile. One day hnds him in a Bow-  ci.! eating limine, his pockets bulging  with dimes uud nlcl.lis; the lie.xt, in line  with a sing of lhe city's nondescript  unaiting Ids tuin at feu cutriuiec of n  fieu soup house. Iio irnndets from city  to city, wheieier the blind goddess or u  (.���tent i;.itlieiliiK of humanity may tlinnce  ti> lead, and wheii'ier hu noes his mice  lb upiierini.st In the dill, und his little,  fi agile thice li'UKi'il stand or elieup valise ls the center "f it anions crowd. He  In it tiareler williuut funds, a ineichant  without stock uud u busineis muu without capital.  "How in the world does he get nlong?  Wheie dues he obtain a new stock of  goods when link goes against him?" asked the ic poi ter of a young inventor who  luis had many dealings with the "profession." . '  "Well, lt'�� pretty hard to say," was the  leply. "I haie known hundreds of them  anil ench seems to huvo a d07.cn different  dodges tnr inking in new stock when hi*  fiuils himself without money. Probably,  how evei, I could heat answer your question by 1 elating my first experience with  tlie fakir." Then the young inan, who  makes a veiy comfortable living by in-  lentiug gewgaws for the childish public  to liny one day and throw away the next,  leaned back In' his easy chair and smiled.  "Two yeais ago," he said, "I coutiived  a simple toy for children whiih I  thought would 'go,' as thc saying is, and  placed a want 'ad' in one of the pipers  for men to sell it. On reaching my office the morning upon whicli the advertisement appealed I round the cnrndor  crowded with tho most heterogeneous  mass of humanity imaginable. Some  weie fairly well dressed, otheis were  literally in rags. Yet there was not a  single man among them hut hud the  sharpened fentuies and shrewd, catlike  eyes of him who wins n living by matching his xi its against thc test of the  norld.  "I walked briskly into my olllce, anticipating n shower of money fiom so  large a croud. I glanced nervously at the  1,000 neatly at ranged boves, each containing one of my toys, and feaied tint  there would not bo enough to h!l the nr-  deis of my customcis. After piepnnng  things about the ofticc I opened the door  and motioned to half n dozen of tlle fellows 111 the hallway. They enteied the  ollice nud glanced at ine expectantly.  "'Got somethin good?' asked one, who  constituted himself spokesman.  "I opened one of the boxeji and exhibited my toy. It was a simple device,  uimle to sell for 10 cents, t.e fakirs,  of comse, buying it for one-half of the  reuil piicc.   They iiemed to like it.  " 'I say, cap,' esclniincd tin* fellow  who had spoken' before, 'bow many of  'em can you let me bave on this gar-,  ment?' And ho carefully exhibited the  lust pieseriol section of a verj dilapi  dated oveico.it.  "'I don't understand you,' I ansxicied.  " 'Well, to tell thc truth,' explained  the fakh, 'I spent,every copper 1 had  Inst night, nu I want to leife this coat  ns sectnitj for as many of the toys as  you'll let me have until I git on my feet  uro in.'  "I gave him five of tie littl�� boies and  tossed his overcoat ia a corner. Tho  next fakir to present himself was a  young boy. who had a single 5 cent  piece. lie bought one of my toys nnd de-  puitetl. In ten minutes h�� returned to  lm,i two moro witb thc money he hnd  lecviied from the fin>t sale. That boy  imis an exaniplo of tlie man who piles  up a fortune, la three Wefki he sold  SOO of thu toys.  "After 1 had dispoiad ot the boy un  older man appeared aad secured a fair  stock in tiade ou my good nature nud a  poi table thice legged stand, such aa  many fnkiis use in opposing their wares  for safe'upon the street. The nc\t mnn  pledged nn overcoat similar in npprar-  nnee tn the first one 1 had accepted in  livu of money and on receiving lur, quota  of toys rushed from the room in gieat  bifStc Surely. I thought, that fellow is  uiiibilious uud anxious to get tn work upon the stifet. I like him. .When I tm 11  rd to place the overcoat he had given  me with tke other garment I hntl taken,  his' haste 0 leaving the oflice mi explained. There vrae no ether overcoat.  While I was negotiiting with the man  who left the throe legged stand, tlit- other  rascal had slipped behind my bark, seemed tlie coat and pledged It to tne for  tb* second time. After thi> experience I  saw each fakir alone and watched lii 111  carefully. %  "Uiadually my office began to fill urn  with all sorts of pledges, until It ie.��em-  blrd 11 miniature junk shop, hut lu a few  linurs the men lie����n to leturii anil re-  *luim-their t#nip*irfiry-sureties-wiih-the  cash they had reallxtd oa tao toyv.. Only  oav mau, (lie fellow who had u��<A] the  cverfoat for a plvd*e tha secoad time,  fnllnl to return."  Tbe uovelrlei that are sold oa thc  street in New York ��0 not appear in ot liar cilleB until sevf 11 or eight mouths later.  Tt'li'iin or a man iovputn snuitttlihig new,  ht puis it on sale la th* metrepolis because tbo fakirs herr ar* th* hi id In the  woi'lil,"and tli* judgment of New Yorkers is considered an excellent ctlterion  of the futtin* ���iicceii* or failure of nn article. The greatest olnlncl* tbnt confronts an Inventor la pieparlng a toy or  purnle to be sold iipnn the atrpets Is the  necessary cheapness of the article. As  the fakirs ��sy, "Anything Hint passes  the 10 cent limit don't go." A man will  twidily spend .1 cent* or n dime tn mtiif.v  his etulnsily, Imt more than t II rt t he will  not give. The fakir may him* smnc  knlckknark for 'IB cents lealh ninth  that amount, and he might talk ef its  merit In his prctili.11 vernacular urtil his  throat dried up. but theciowd would pass  him by, for in the majority of ni-i**> a  IS cent puieliase mriins changing �� quar  ter.  On a 10 cent nrtlrl* the fakir mnkes  a limit half, and the inventor cle u s 2 or  ft cent*, licnei' it Is appaient that where  an article het nines universall.i papular  the.e Is a fortune In stoic foi its 01 ijri-  iiiitm. as the sales often reach into Ihe  millions:  THE POSTMASTER  OLD GENTLEMAN'S  NARROW ESCAPE  FROM  DEATH.  ���>. Verj Intoroitlne Personal Experience  Which Contains Some Good Advice, for  Others Whoso Lives May be Threat-  onod. f  Loictt, Ont., Sept. 15.���(Special)-  Evoiy inan, woman nnd child for  miles aiound knows Mr. C. It. Harries, tbo genial poBt-master at  Lovctt '  Mr. I Ian ics is a halo old gentleman, 7,"> .xcurs of ngo, and considering his ml winced years is 'Ciuarkubly  well pi useri cd, strong and healthy.  Hut ho was uot alivuys so. Fli'o or  siv yctus ago ho~wns ut thc point of  (lcnth, being fearfully tun down and  a complete wicck with Blight's Disease.  He was so low that no ono ever  dreamt that he could pull through,  and yet he is nlivo and woll to-duy.  This Is a statemont of tlio case in  Mr. narr.es' own xvords :  "In 1897 I was at tho point of  denth'with Bright's Disease, and xvas  a corfiplete wreck. I could not oven  diess myself or turn in my bed, but  now I am1 a well man, and I attribute it all to Dodd's Kidney Pills.  "I am 75 years old, and for a man  of my years I feel quite strong and  healthy. I consider Dodd's Kidney  Tills a good medicino to take in tho  Spiing, as I have found it a great  blood puiificr.  "As postmaster I como in contact  with a great many pooplo, and I  know of my personal knowledge that  a great many in this country are using Dodd's Kidney Pills with tho best  results."  Such ovidence should bo most coning to any one who may still doubt  tbat Dodd's Kidney Pills will curo  Bright's Disease.  Tlio honest, earnest, straightfoi^  ward testimony of such reputable  peoplo ceitainly deserves the confidence of everyone.  If Dodd's Kidnoy Pills can and do  cure.Blight's Disease, which is the  vory woist form of Kidnoy Troublo,  they certainly will euro any of thc  lessct forms  ASK ..FOR  " ,  Ogilvie's  Delicious flavor.   Free from hulls.     Warranted Pure.  ' Put up  in  all  sized packages.  Ogilvie's Hungarian  Aa now manufactured.   The great FAMILY FLOUR.  Inalst on getting "OGILVIE'8."  a* they ara better than tha Beat.  HAVE   NO   EQUAL..  Japan has 255 people to thc squatc  mile, China���usually considered the  most densely populated country in  the liust���has only 2.1G  Tn a vessel varnished inside with  shellac, wnter mny be heated lo 8  dcgiees nboie thc oidmaiy boiling  point, which is 212 dcgiees Faihcn-  heit.  "KELPIOHr-ET  Endarsad by bast English modloaljourn��l5.  Suppllad to British soldloraln South Africa.  ForallThraatand Gland Trouble.!, Lumps,  Absosssos, Old Sores, Ulcers, Felons, Skin  Dlseasas, Eoxama, Pimples, SUIT Joints,  Rheumatism, Lumbago, Sprains, Brulsos,  Pilot. Cuts, Sore Fset, Pleurisy.  Sold by .Druggists, 25c.   Try It once  An oidmury heart weighs, 9 1-3 of.  yet its power is sudicient to inise its  weight 20,280 feet in an hour  Of the ten open-air pulpits in thc  Old Country, thc most famous is  that at Magdalen College, Oxford. It  wus built in  1480.  You need not coucrh all night and disturb >our fi lends, thore is no occasion  for jou running tho ilsk of contracting  inflammation of the luucs or consumption, whilo you can gel llicklo's Autt-  Consumptive Svrun This medicino cures  coughs, colds, inflammation ot the lungs  and all throat and chest troubles It  promotes a freo and easv expectoration,  nhlth lmmcdiatelv relievos tho throat  and lungs from viscid phlegm.  "Don't despise small things," said file  Mnntnunk philosopher. "Even nn humble '.anaua s],in may be the power he-  i.'nil Mic 'ln*.-'n."--Philadelphia Record.  The record price for a clock is  ��33,600 paid for the clock mado by  Louis XVI. of France. It was purchased by one of thc Rothschilds.  Koynltics paid by miners in England^ axeiagc nearly ��2 an acie  foi nil tho land worked under, and  aggregate about fixe millions a year  Mliiard's Liniment Cures LaGrlppe.  The volcano on Stromboli island is  in full eruption and is throwing up  great columns of file and torrents of  ���stoncfc. The island is shrouded in  smoke. Mount Vesuvius is showing  signs of activity.  <foJlm/ OhMs A/ ���&**/* ef ^uif'^  TRV   OUF*-  Parlor  The E. B.Eddy Co.  Limited.  Hull,       Canada.  Matches  The latest and Finest  Brand yet made.  liililiiiiP  H:r. ���''���'-.��� ���'..���-1 ���'*;..;*'- ��� ���>   -���*...���.*-,���."  ��� eWtt   DM ..." W0 :������: ,������'���������*  HALCYON HOT SPRINGS  SANITARiU  Arrow Lak<  Situated ini<1bt scenery ttnrl vail oil for  jjrumicur, Thc most com plot* health resort 011 thu oontimmt of >orth Amorlca.  Ito baths euro all Nervous and Slu scalar cUhviih���h. Its waters houi all Kidney,  Liver and Stomach ailment*. '  OChvy nro a neter-fnllliig remedy for all  llhuumuUc trouhlos. "  TERM"-  $li to $18 por wook> according  tOTosidonco iu Ho ol or Villas  IHPERBAL BSAPLE SYRUP  The quality standard from Ocean ti  Ocean. Your money buck if not ����i  ltfootory. -  ROSE A LA1TLAMME, Agta,, MONTBEAl,  PBRSONAL.  Matrimony���(viow to.) Gontloruen should  Join tho British Correepondence Bureau*  1-64 Ebury Street, London, S. TT. Englnnd.  Particulars free.  fdg*  Opp City Ball, Winnipeg, Man.  Coll or writs for prospectus     B J. O'SbUIvm  C.E., M A.. Fratidanl.    Branch*, at Braidn  and Fortajo la Prairia.  Tlio steamer Cottage City ran on  tho locks at Point of Etolme island,  twonty_iniles_.south���of-WranKcl���on  Sunday night. The 150 passengers  more safely landed on the shoie 100  yai tis distant.  Vieiiihani Oicnt 1'ond, .in Surrey,  cox eis oxer 100 acres, and is tho  lai(jcst attlficiul pond in Englnnd  Canada has most holidays of any  British colony. Including Sundays,  (.'nniidiiiiis  liuxu 05  holidays  yearly.  Yellow is tho only flower-color  which i.s not changed hy tho fumes of  sulphuric acid  There nre 100 sorts of humming  hirds known to naturalists. They  aie found only in America.  Perpetual Motion.  When George Stephenson was  Mked, " Do you bellevs iu perpetual  motion ?" he replied, " Yes, If you  lift yourself by th* waist-band of  the trousers, and carry yourself  three times round the room."  Just so, and a woman would just,  as soon believe that Bhe has not to  pay dearly for common premium  soaps, li the low quality of soap,  ln rained hands and clothes. She  would be kept in perpetual motion  trying to do with common soap  what she could so eaBily do with  Sunlight Soap���Octagon Bar.       216  The Yorkshire County Cricket club  was founded 111 1863 Gloucester's  cricket club did not como into existence until/1870.  The foalhets of the mirasol, nn Argentine bird, are worth ��220 per'  pound���five times tho price of tlio  most perfect ostrich plumes.  Wilson'siP^!  Vn   m, \$8k TW��   ^  Fly Pads!! st 1  8^ tow s  will kill all  gm|3  tbctax.  ^  tbe flies In  a room In a  Hi  tew hours.  Avoid  Imitations.  i  CHEER UP OLD SPORT  Don't llatter yourself tlmt your lilgli  foiohcud I. the uttrnotloa. Its tlio Inyt--  ly aroma from that LUCINA Clear we  ara after   MjiBtTVAOTtmen ur  0EO. F. BRYAN & CO WINNIPEG  W.  N.  U. No.  394.  Sir .John lilley, who wus Wellington's adviser at Watei loo, was tho  Hi .si Hritlsh piivalc to become a full  geneial uud a knight.  I'nrentH liuv Mother Graven' XVorm Hx-  tcrmlnnlot becauar thev know It Is u  snfe umlldae tor their children ami an  I'ltcctual  exneller of woims  Sixty-fi\e years ago Paris had only  one pojtolTice.  Minard's Unimeat for Rbeasiatism.  Tho New Ttivor brings xvater from  the Chadswcll Springs, in Hertfordshire. ���  NEWSPAPER  OUTFITS  Tf Wu supply at short  ���notice-coniplete~J O B~  PRINTING AND  NEWSPAPER OUTFITS.  f[ We sell what Printers want; Printers want  what we sell.  ���f We carry a complete  stock of Type and Supplies for the composing  Room, Pressroom ana  Bindery.  TORONTO TYPE FDRY  Company, Limited.  175 McDermj. Avenu;,      Winnipeg,  imamujeujiiitiimM  'The lnrge innnufuctuics building at  tho Chicago World's Fuir covered 30_  acres, and xxas tho largest exer put  up.  Tho largest ox in the xvorld xvas  bred by Colonel Singerly. It xxas 12  feet long, nnd 5 feet 3 inches high,  lt weighed 3,340 lbs.  \  y THE INDEPENDENT.  , SATURDAY .....OCTOBER   25, ���1902'  THE ART ��f MILLBNEKY.  ���has reached such perfection in our millinery department this  season us to attract the attention anil compel the admiration ot noarljl  all tho fair sex ai this vicinity.*  Those who have nol been charmed are those who have not seen our  display.  The season has been most successful  wilh  lis.  Not uiilooked for. however, xvhen wu consider tho services wc have  rendered, the goods we have displayed and the reasonableness ol our  charges.  XVe lmve .void  hats to the very smartest dressers of liritish Coluintynj  ��. W. KENNEDY'S,  (Successor to Scott *��� Kennedy) (���)  303 Hastings Street,        Vancouver, B. C.  |  ��<S)��gXS����������(S^^ 'organized  than ever before and-It now  appears    quite    feasible    to work lor a  complete federation. ^  At Herlin, Out., the new sugar factory  which lias just been finished, is capable  ot handling 5,000  acres  of  beets.  Thc new trades and labor council at  Windsor has received its charter! Irom  the T.  and L. congress of Caiiuda.  As a result ol the .lockout on the Halifax Kcho-Chinnicle, ,t new weekly paper has been started called  the Toller.  At St. John, X. II., the hod carriers  and inorlur men (builders' laborers) organized, with about TO charter nieiiibers.  ^7  No Weak Spots!  Onr UNION MADE Shoes  from Canadian and Anu-ri-  can Union factories are the  best in the land. Men's,  Ladies' and Children's Shoes,  durable and stylish.  THE PATERSOJV SHOE CO., LD  301 Hastings St. -  IE\VS OF 1TIK LABOR WOftLD  California _���_._��. a do/on l\umt;i;>' unjoins.  The lmuliiMs' t-triUu js -still un m iSo-  uU lu. xii  Tlit* /ine (.oiiibuiL's uH'ilnl will exceed  ���$20,CKH),OOU.  Meumcii lupoiL thfit total miMiihi.T-.mp  is now 11..">0U.  The city fuuiuun o[ SpungliuUI, 31 ii ,  ha\u   oiguniiud  A geueiul ������tiiUc oi liiiuuii it* ihieati'ii-  cii   in   Uelgiiim.  HucLIhjlms in 1'iesno seemed a hum*  of $1 moie a day.  A htnke is ptobabiu auuni^ HiLlibh  nuncio   January  1.  Neatly nil the shops 01 Aaw 'Zealand  liave  the -l.Vhour  week,  i)enibonr Tex, hub an onliuuuce demanding   the  union  label.  ^Sidneyr N. S. \V., lnib 13 unions with  iL membership of 3500.  Thc bakt'iy woikmeii oi Italy have organised a luUionul  union.  Thc cnjuriuaUerb' stiiKe oi Monuenl is  now In its sixteenth month.  riumbets now  have 33'.) locals,   an  inci cuse  oi   59  during- the year.  '��   The  National   Union   ol   Ileud   Clciks  im*uc<I JO chmtcis i.i^t month.  Tho Teamsteis' >uiinuul Union will  -shortly  issue .tii  oflicml journal  StnKing candy makeis \ al Meadville,  I'a.,  ha\c gained all their dcniands.  The nulleis m Linton, Ind , uie putting  thu union label  on   then   iloui.  Cunton, O. 1ms completed tlio organization of u building trades council.  Stow mounteis have .secuiod higher  wages  in  Atlanta  and Indianapolis.  All the machine frliop** in JDeincr uie  unionized  with a nine-hour work day.  ritlsbiug city council has passed an  ordinance recognizing union jutes and  .hours'.  Thc striking girls from the Hanoll box  factoiy, JJatmia, N. Y.f are still out on  striken    -  JSvcrett, Wash., ti ades unions ha1, e  completed a S'i.,000 meoling plate ui  tlieir own.  Shoe Poilshcrb' union No. 1 with SOO  xncmDLTs, was recently oigarii/crl m 2Ne\v  York  City.  Thc Union Labor jmity of (Queensland,  Australia, has 'elected 21 meinbeis to  thc legi^latuie. /   J_l.ft y coloi cd inii��iiciiins_nr^_Clii(.ngo_  have been granted a chin ter by ihe National  Union.  The Oakland Typographical union will.  biint-futit Juincb 31. Lynch and .7. W.  Wrauiwood, piesident and aac.vMiwy, ;e-  ��pectively,    of    lhe   inti'maiionitl  T>pn-  llbe Salt I  of Life  iu biiBincra. We. want moro of  it. We'll uul it it' an out and out  bargain xxill fetch il.  Mow Is This  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottlo  or  Fountain Syringe  75c.  ���  The McDowell, Atkins,  Watson Co., Lid. Liability ��  UP-TO-DATE DRUGGISTS. ��  W����������&S)@����������<SS������������  ginphicul union, this Saturday evening,  mg.  l'i\o hundred press Icodtis of the book  ami job punU'ts of -N"e*v Vol It 1'ily nie  out on sti ike.  'I'hu Jl.ix'ana syndicate of Canada ha\q  agieed to use the blue label of tlio Ci-  gai in,ilvi.'ib'  union.  The oigai'i/ed woiUii, of 1'igli, Jtnly,  aie gathering.lunds lor the ill iking jmih-  eis  of  Pennsylvania..  The JljiwiV federation of New South  Wales has donated *F.")0,000 to tlie striking American miners.  The  Hoot mu!   Shoe eutterj'   union  ol  i  Sun  I't.iucisco  effected  a  peimauont 01-  gani/.ition last week. "  ilill uorkcts in A&toua, Oie., secured  a laisc of ?o moio on the month. Plum-  heis  also  won demands.  The ramteis' union hax*e started a  movement to build a Labor Temple in  ilakeislield, Kern  County. ,  The American Federation of Labor le-  poit an Ineicaso'of over 200,000 meinbeis in the last foui  months.  The Corpenteis' union of Fresno have  pl.u.ed the sealo of wages at S3.50 pci  day-on and after November 1.  An in.iiniction.Uiiis been solved on the  sinking employes of the Hudson Valley liuiway at Saratoga,  N. Y.  The ililleicnees between tne Umploy-  eis' association and Te*inisteis' union ol  Sa'ita Hosa have  been  adjusted.  The leather woikeis on hotse goods  have paid out over fit),000 in sick and  death benefits dunng lhe pas'* year.  Strikes for higher 'wages and shorter  hours have been suceessiul in Coblcn/.,  Cologne  and  Koeingsherg,   Germany.  Out of S1���">00,000 spent by the Oigai  .Uakcis' International Union, less than  13 per cent was spent for strike pui-  poses.  The Drothcihooil of Locomotive En-  gineeis of Chicago have made a formal  demand for a 10 per cent, liicicasc in  wages.  The ncxrxpnpci lepoiteis of San Francisco have formod a union and applied  to the International* Typographical union for a chaiter.  it is stated that tho sale of non-union shoes in Illinois lias decreased 73  per cent, in the last six months. Creat  is the power of tho label. \  Special pei mission must bo obtained  iiom the government of Switzerland befoie a woman or girl muy bo employed  befoie li a. in. or aftor 3 p. ni.  'lhe International Longslioicincn, Ma-  rim*���and���IL'ransport-XVoi Iters���Association has pnssed resolutions forbidding  nieiiibers of any craft or class of lung-  shoie woikeis to enter another ciaft in  any but Ins home port.  'J he Longshoi emeus' Unions ol Cnll-  foinlg, Washington, Oregon and Jliitish  Columbia have Just closed a convention  In San i'liinclsco In which a project wus  formed to establish a central body In  1'orllanil to govern ull murine unions  on  the i'ncilk coast.  CANADIAN    1TJJJMS.  Tlio tailois arc vory busy at Toronto.  TJie Haton strike Is still on at Toronto.  llelleville, Out., barbers have organized  and advanced prices,  rishing at St. John, N. H., is vory  dull on account af scarcity of fish, particularly cod  and'halibut.  The XV'innipcg Voice says that a building.trades council, under thc auspicc*i  of a committee from the trades and labor council of that cily, js being formed.    The building trades are tar better  NEWS II1MS.  Jlr. Maxwell, -M. 1\, arrived on Thura-  rtuy from the east. The member for  Hui'iaid ib  u  very sick  man.  Sir. .1. 11. Ualboii on ThuiMluy night  uignnl/etl the bollermnkei.s' helper wilh  a membeiship of some HTu The union  diew its diailer noin the Intei national  Hodermakeis*   As*-ouatiou.  John i'eatoj, ot the btieet uillway  sei \Ku, ib able lo be aiound again. Air.  Vcaiey has not been well for f-itnie tune  pnst, but hib fneiuK aie .sanguine oi hK  being jt'sLotticl   to  hib  iibual  health.  W. D. Jones, lighthouse keepej* at  Hioikton l'oint, 1ms ictei\ed oillcial m-  loimation that he will be made constable  at that place, nnd tbat also a new  gun-bhu'd foi the nine o'clock gun, will  be put up light away. Sli. Fletcher, U.  P. Jt., will see about tbe elccttical  wotk.  Sid Hull, of the stieet ituluuy ser\iLC,T  leturned fiom bouth Afi ica Inst Sunday. Ue took pait in the coionation  ceieinoniL's and speaks \ery highly oi  thc tiuatmont attoided the colonials m  tbe old countiy. "Sid" looks well alter lus experiences as a soldier, and the  bo\s  aie  glad  to   see him  back.  1\ H. Cody, oi the u! V. It. at Kelson, but foimcily of Vancomer, who leit  Iieic a foitnight ago for New* Yoik, has  airived m that city O. IC. Wiiting he  says tha,t both thc clnldien and himscli  aie enjoying tliciusel\es iminenselj. 3Io  lias not visited thc great city for over  a ccoie of yeais and sees marvelous  changes.  Finnk J. Itusscll, viee-j)residcnt ofHlio  Tiades and Labor Council, letmned to  the city from a wsit to Manitoba. 31c  suvs liritish Columbia is indeed a quiet  pluto compaicd with the prairie piov-  incc, wheie everything is bright and  piospeious, especially ln the agncultural-  districts wheie there is a real estate  boom on. Frank is glnd, howe\er, to  be home again.  The Wesley College, of Winnipeg, commences its winter teim on November  37th, ending Mmch 1*1, 1903. Couiscri  of instructions will be gi\on in agricul-  tme and kmdicd subjects, embraciHg  anthemetic, grammar, litcratuie, j)iac-  tical nicchimcs, coiuiuvicial' law, political economy, etc. Thc sum of SI 00  will cover bocurt and tuition. Address  J. W. Sparling,-JL. A., D. J) , principal,  Winnipeg.  Wednesday was regular meeting night  of tbe Stieet .Railway Kmployccs' union. Theie was a good turn out of the  meinbeis and three new candidates were  initiated into the division. The sum of  S25 was voted to the United Sline  Workers' stnkc fund. Thc boys aie arranging for a social evening, wliich  event will take place in the near futuie  The secretary repoits that thc union is  now in tip top order, the membership  being tiio laigest ever reported and all  mcmbeis in good  standing.  9^9^(97��^m^9^��W^A(9J,9W.9^  White Slelj}  %e Patrons of ours feel <���$>  <ji>>safc vhen they realize $  ithat our product is all $  ��� milked and handled  by '9  9 white men. :������"���'���'' -i 9  $, ��� W.  9    This point, as well  as 9  9 the fact that tho milk is '^  <��V clarified, creates a relish 'if  ��� for it that none others ,j  ���9 can do. '���  ���  ���       'i  | International ice|  | and Storage Co. |  ��� Phone 415. Gore Avenue. $  y��tt**��**rj:*��:K*��:K��a^^  I A FREE TRIP TO NEW YORK.  & '                     ���           .  ����� ' Jtaiilh's gwat guessing contest is  now  on.    Tho person, who  guesses  �� tho nearest to the number of beans in tho bottlo ia our window gels a    3g  J HKTUKN Tliy.* TICKET TO   NEW YORK.                                                        ���  I ONE GUESS FOR EVERY DOLLAR YOU             1  | SPEND HERE.                               |  J Uny your heating stove here und then guess away.                                  _f  ...���. _- _-j, 126 Hastings St.  * ",' SOLE AGENT  ^���^���.^���^���^���:+;-^;*^*^*��k*:^^:H.^^^^  Wre havo now In stock a full line ot   the best Heating Stoves In the market  und havo made a very low   price   on them to cleur them out In a hurry.  COAL BASK BURNR11S, COAL HOT DRAFTS,  WOOD HOT DRAITS,  PLAIN A1U TIGHTS, CAST TOP AIR   TIGHTS, ETC., ETC. ->  McLennan,  Mcfecly & Co..  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 10W.  SEATTLE NOTES.  Second avenue in this cily lias the appearance of the ruins   or Pompeii.  A break in the big water main at  Union street and Sixth a\eiiuc lait  week caused iuui.li iLiinagc and the city  will haie big damages to jiuy.   The. Weil eiii_TJnioii_Ti-leiirnph_Coinpiiny  employ gills us luessetigcis now in Seattle. The girls woik day time, while the  boy, hold down  the night shift.  Tho city boaid of health will appoint  a city moat Inspector. Tho .Western  Central Ltiboi union has passed leso-  lulion.i demanding a union butcher to  bo given the place.  lliTt TJutterworlh, tho well-known undertaker, was robbed of a diamond stud.  Mr. Tlutlorwoi th was nn ��io icar end nf  a street car nud thinks tin* Jewel wns  taken   while   being   In   a  crowd. Tin*  hUno Is   valued at 15100.  IJllcry's lloynl llulliiii 1'iinil, wlin.li  followed .Soiihii'i al the (iranil opeia  liou.se, Is a fine musical org/inl/ntloii niul  no inistiike. Thn two bands calei* lo  dllTerent Inters of music, Sousa's play,  ing popular selections for the mnsscs,  while the Royal hand play classical  numbers for tho classes.  It Is Vva shame that Seattlo hns no  signs on the coineis of streets gitinp;  the name. A stranger in town will  have a difficult task on his linnds tn  find what street ho wants to go on.  Thc best way i.s to hire an ex-street cm  <:ondiiclor. Ho Is nbout the only man  who knows the names of the principal  avenues.  SNIDER'S SHOE STORE  632   GRANVILLE    STREET,  Carries a lull line of  UNION LABEL SHOES.  The   Union   Label   guarantees   fair  wages and good workmanship.  No scab labor.  PHONE I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  5(6-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  AU kinds of work in this line promptly attended to.  I :   GEO. HAY   : |  4^      Vancouver's    Floncor    Clothes     Al  jfj      Renovator, makes a suit new.      ^r  % Dyeing and Repairing.  A 21C Cambik St., Vancouver.  CORNER   HASTINGS   AND     CA1NUE  STREETS,   VANCOUVER.  New,N modern and strictly first-class:  good sample looms; ficc 'bus. Weejk'  {lays���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. m., liincli,  12 m. to 2 p. m., dinner, 0 to 8 p. m.'  Sunday*���Ureakfast 7*30 to 10.30 a.  m., lunch 12:30 to 2 p. in., dinner, 0.301  to 7:30 p. in. Kates $2 nnd upwards  per day. HAYWOOD ��, l'KESCOTT,  Proprietors.  CORNER' COIIDOVA   AND   CARRALL  STREETS,   VANCOUVER.  jrakes a specialty of Dewiu 's spcial  liqueur, also Usher's black label,liqueur  whiskey. Laige stock of imported and  domestic cigais. Finest billiaid and  pool tables. R.     B.    MULLIGAN ft  CO.,  Proprietors.  The Dougall House  310-31* ABBOTT STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C. v  ���Rostaurant-and-Bnr.���Breakfast -0-to  10. merchants' lunch 11 to 2, 23c: dinner 5 to 8, 25c; lunches put up. eastern and Olympian oysters; short or.  dors a specialty at all hours;  meal tickets ?i; best 25c. meal in the  city.     I>. BURTON, Proprietor.  The"  ���  310   SEYMOUIl   STREKT,     VANCOUVER.  Having tho only up-to-dnto grill room  in British Columbia, which ln itself Is a  guarantee of a first-class' hotel 'nnd res-  laurnnt. Business Men's LUNCH, from  12 m."to 2:30 p. in., only 25 cents.  HOTEL NORTH VANCOUVER.  A delightful summer resort; strictly  llrst-class and up-to-date In every respect.  Terms, ?2 per day, $10 per week; special  rates for families. Saddle ponies, horses  and rigs alwayB on hand for visiting thc  Capllano, well known for its excellent  fishing and shooting. ��� Boats for hire any  time.  OBand every Sunday afternoon.  > P. LA1RBON, Prop.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��> CO.  WH0L3SALE .GROCEES,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. O,  lUgf Headquarters" for Domestic' and lm-  ported Cigars and Smoking,Sundries.  UMBRELLA&^iee^  Wo Unow ii lollov scmcely figures on'an iimbiolla nn hour Befoio-  | lititifl. lie wails until it rains and thon "Whoop-La" for a. rain-shed-  j rier. Iiut a good uiiibiclla is a go oil servant���woith bwymg cmcfull.v���  j worth looking into beioiehand���a poor ouo is no good nt any pi ice.  Tt doesn't do tho work you intended it to do and,you uie ashamed of  ]it nil the time. Como in and tako a [icup at our stock. Come when  |you li.L\e a minute or two to spaio ami let us help you in a telee-  Jtlon. �� *  J��f1NSTON, KERfOOT 'if* CO.  ,     ;')',   10* end 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., Oplj. Wm. Ralph's.  We Want That Order of Yours I  fOR  SEVERAL   REA50N&. I  IIGILDEK8' SUPPLIES, -  C0i\TllACT0PtS' SUPPLIES,  LOGGERS' i  Because  we have  the stock to   2.  supply you 'the best. " ~P  Because our attention will assure   ���-  test service. _, *'5j(  i  ���    .'��� t * ���"  Because <wc can save you time   Jt.  and money. ���"  ,.,-/Because* one order Is a step to-   4m-  wards a permanent custbmer.      5J(  BUGK8HITIIS' SUPPLIES,  ^AlV MILL SUPPLIESrETC:ft  ���* Vancouver Hardware, Co., I  *' 339 Hastings Street. ���  ������������������������������������3������������������S����������������������������$--  �� ������'.:��������� , ��  Beautiful, Sparkling CASCADE, |  I Light, Amber-Tinted Delectable Beer s  ����  ft#.*S  "The Beer Without a Peer.  .ttf^'"'- " ' - >Sr.   I  �� A cioamy,  foamy glass of health and goodness���makes you feel good  all  over���mukes you every  bit  as good as you feel.  4   No  false  hopes  about' CASCADE���its genuine  and  all  satisfying ' to  the Init flrop in tho glass.    Brewed by the , "   _  w , \ f.  1 Vancouver Breweries, Ltd. i      _ -  Vancouver. ^B.__C._  ��������������s��S^^  WE DO NOT  DEPEND UPON    *  ANYBODY'S  SOAP  BUT OUR OWN.  Wu imil.o our own  iluht here In  tlio  laundry.  Then if you .should nsk us iijl>V)tlt>  ' the snap wo uso wo could look  .vein In tlio fiicp ami loll you honestly that IL is as pum lib lt Ih  poxsllilo for huiiiaiiH to mako It.  Thai's a Pioneer  "strong .point."  PIONEER   v  Steam Laundry  Phone 34(i. 910 - 014 Richabds St  Downtown Office, No. 4 Arcade  white help only.  Parcels called for amd delivered.  Advertise ln The Independent  ' ������������������� ��������������������<���������.-  <���  9  For Voiing' and Old.  Whon tho oyos nio found to  liavo any defect, however Might,  there Is but ouo thing tu do.  t'oino to us' and let our doctor of  optics, 'J'hoh. Allan, who Is our-"*j  optician, give you lus attention  for a while and wo will guarantee thnt you nlll bu lilted properly to eycglns(,c*s on .spectacles.  All  woik  guaranteed.  DAVIDSON BROS.,  tThc Jewelers and Opticians,  146 Cordova St.  n  *>  <���  ?  ',  , i  y   '������   I ' A-  ' V-'  ���  ,'-   ��� ,  ���"! -.  -���!*-'%  *��� *' 'r'

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