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The Independent Apr 4, 1903

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 *******>* **���_��*��  TMfi ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA  . . 9AV1NQ9   BANK . .  A OMtm! BanWng Budnwa   TnuBMQtea.  OtTlCHiB���Hastlnta  Street,  W.,  Wmstmlasttr Avenue, Vancouver.  B. C, PERMADJENT LOAfJ AUD  SAVINGS GO.  Authorized Capital - 110,030,000  Subscribed Capital ���  ���   1,500,000  Assets Over ....     300,000  Head Office, 321 Cambie Btreet,  Vancouver, B. C.  FOURTH  YEAR.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, APRIL 4, 1903.  WHOLE NO. 158.  VANCOUVER TRADES COWL  Thi'iu.wiui a lurgc attendance of dele-  gales uud visitors, Including President  Estes, of the U. 13. R, IS., at Thursday night"? meeting_of tihe Trades and  Labor Council/ President Lamrick was  In the chair, and Secretary Russell was  also In his" place. The proceedings  were unusually interesting. '  Following    lesolutlon    was    carried  unanimously:   In view ot the fact that  Delegate Chas. Millard, 'of the U.  B.  R. E., has broken his obligation to tlhis  Trades Council, deserted   his   'brother  unionists while in trouble and violated  the  fundamental  principles  of  unionism, it ls'-heieby resolved that the secietary be Instiucted to sti Ike hi3 name  oft the members' roll of the Vancouver  Trades and 'Labor Council.  CREDENTIALS.  -Brotherhood   Railroad Trainmen���H.  A!,Dunlap,-N.''A. McPherson. *-  Stonecutters���Alex' Duff.      -j  U. B. of R. E.���-P. G. Denlson, vice C.  Millard.  Delegates took their seats. -  COMMUNICATION'S.  Prom -Hon. Jos. Martin, acknowledging   receipt   ot   letter   legnrdlng the  bringing in ot alien laborers.   Filed.  ������   ' D. W. .Kennedy,   secretary    Toi onto  District Lubor Council, drawing attention to the tight of the Iron Moulders,  Metal Polishers a'nd1 Stove    Mounters  against the Gurney Foundry Company,  makers of Oxford stoves and ranges.  Referred to unions. ,    ^ -  -From P.'M. Draper, secretary Tiades  and Labor Congress of Canada; re per  icaplta tax.   Filed.  From Hamilton Trades and'.Labor  Council,- that the (firms' of James Jolley  & Sons and Jfrazer & Johnson, saddlery  and harness manufacturers and wholesale dealers lri='su!ddlery hardware, of  thai city, have ibeen placed on the unfair list... Referred  to unions.  Froni* Twin City Trades and' Labor  Council,'Bei Iin,'Ont, enclosing resolution protesting Jagalnst tariff on sugar.  Parliamentary committee. ,,- i-  ' W. iH.JWilson, secretary Postal Employees, re hall accommodation.  Thos. F. McGuigan, city clerk,, that  the letter from council ie band stands,  '-had been referred to park commissioners. ''Fiom same party, that $750 had  been placed ln estimates in aid of Labor  Day celebration. Received and secre-  'tary Instructed to leturn thanks for  same.-  ' -  From <W.," H. Bambury,' secretary ot  Phoenix .Trades and Labor Council,  ' asking thc council to uriange dates foi  lectuic on socialism by Bcnj. F.-Wll-  son. Secietary to acknowledge and bay  that .snc'.ulist.party hus same In liand-  ^Fiom Stieet Railway Employees as  follows: , "  , "Vancouver,, B. C, Murch 28, 190-!.  "F. J. Russell, 'Esq., secretaiy Tiades  und Labor Council:  -"Duiir Sir and Brother,���I have been  Instructed to \yrlte you In reference lo  a feeling that has long existed and still  exists lirour association. That feeling  is that oilier,organisations 'or certain  membeis of ���these oiganlzatlons in 'our  city liave been" trying lo draw certain  . branehe.s'ofvo"ur Association away fiom  us, whicli' would leuve a divided und  broken body to'fight aggressive coipor-  uted capital. No doubt-1 the -other  brothcrhoods have been . thinking of  strcngthonlng^thelr own body, and have  forgotten that employees of our compuny should ibe united In one 'body as  being divided might mean [Ultimate destruction, Therefore, we ask yoii to  help,us set before other unions the necessity of continuing -our amalgamation. We ask you to bring this communication In'discussion befoie the council, thereby giving our delegates opportunity to moie fully explain. 1 am, finternally, "M. A.-MI9ACII,  ������Secrclury Dlvlslqn No, 101, A. A. S,  R. 13. ot A."  The letter was taken up undei the  head or'new business, und discussed  at length. Thc points bi ought oul weie  that workmen were employed by the  company at work on trades conti oiled  by other unlonB, which, while strengthening the street rallwaymen's union,  weakened the other -unions, such as the  blaoksmlths, electrical workers, etc.  The speakers argued that a joint move  should be made to perfect the machln-  " ery of unionism for united action. The  unions with a single purpose could offset the argument of, the street railway-  men's union." The'principle of the stieet  rallwaymen's ^ulon was one of Indus  lilul unionism.   Thc letter wus on motion endorsed.        _  ,  From   Bakers'     und   Confectioners'  union, ua follows, which wus received  und ailed:  "Vancouver, B. C, April 2, 1903.  "Sir,���We have resolved that we will  not handle anything that Is not handled  by 'Union tenmsters. -We have also endorsed your appeal and will forward  them at once. ~       -j  "M. MACLEAN,  "Secretary. Bakers' Union, No. 40."  Endorsed.  J. H. Watson, organizer, wrote a  lengthy lettei In reply to the resolution  of the council piotesting against blm  acting as organizer. On motion it was  laid on the table for two weeks, and  Mr. Watson given a chance to address  the council al thc next meeting."  The committee icporled at length re  Guiney Stove Foundry, and stated lhat  that company will continue to iuh its  business 'Unfair to labor. It has been  so for 18 yeai s.  -    CIVIIC 0DMPLOYEES.  A.resolution wiis passed Instructing  the secretary to wilte the city council  requesting that the stieet sweepers be  paid 20 cents an hour..  The new schedule of hours and wages  of the civic employees', union, which  has already been presented to the city  council, was endorsed, and the secretary instructed to write the city council tu that effect. ' -  , A delegate stated that a Japanese  contiactoi was furnishing alien labor  to the C. P. K., and that by;next August the union tiackmen would all be  lepluced. Thc, council decided to petition the government to prohibit' the  importation of aliens. Also that our  local members of the legislature be Informed of this.   "'       ���  ���'  The Amalgamated Carpenters und  Joiners reported that that body had  endorsed- the report of the parliamentary committee regarding the condemnation of J,l H., Watson. Also the" 'civic  employees to same effect.  RlE MAOISTRA1TE RUSSElLL.  Following resolution was passed by  the council: ', '  "iWhereas���Mr. J. A. Russell, police  magistrate, has on more Uhan one occasion shown extieme bias towards  members of, labor organizations, notably dui ing and subsequent " to the  late 'fishermen's strike on the Fraser  river, 'and  Whereas���On the 25th day of -March,  1903, he sentenced Williams, one of the  striking members of the U. iB. R. E���  to pay a iflne of $30, or three months In  jail, for distributing dodgers which appealed to working1 men 'not to tuke the  place of the strikers,' the'eharge being  intimidation and inducing, sailors to  desert, - altlhough no proof'was given  that the-meii ever signed any contract,  and weie dlschuiged, while on the same  day one Marvin -vas lined only $10, or  one duy in Jnil, for pointing -a ievolve; and threatening to'shoot a member  of the U. 15. It. E.. and  "Wheiehs���A strong feeling exists,  iio I only amongst the working class, but  amongst all, classes of citizens in Vancouver, tihal Mr. Russell is not a (it and  propel  iJfcison to administer the law.  "Resolved���Tlmt wc, the membeis ot  the Vancouver Tiades and Labor Council,-respectfully lequest.tho provincial  govei nment to take Immediate steps to  cancel-Mr. -Russell's-appointment, and  appoint a mun to the position of high  moiul standing, who ls not connected  with any syndicate or corporation, and  wUio will administer Justice with equity  tp all classes ln the community."  The ���strike of the carpenters was endorsed unanimously by the council.  Mr. Estes'spoke briefly regarding the  American Labor Union, he being an  organizer for that ibody. .Also he ic-  ferred to the present strike situation.  THE CARPENTERS' STRIKE,  Now that the session hus ibeen opened at Victoria speculative meinbeis  should uriungc with the milliliter of  llnanie to huve their 1. O.' U.'k cashed  In advance for his sessional allowances.  Ot course, every one knows that even  legislators, like common folk, sometimes wnnt their little advances. The  Province may go bust any old time, and  lt is safe to say the members will look  out- for No. l. ,'       *������',"' ���''  Some people say that strikes should  be '-forever abolished!' in- "this" country.  Chlna-'ls ��a i country ' without strikes.  Would It not be better to unionize the  country than adopt a system whereby  our working people might' be China-  ized? ,,When labor is thoroughly organized it'will'be on an equality to deal  with capital. And when that ls so  there are liable to be-no strikes.    ���  In connection with the curpontcrs'  strike it might be stated that at a muss  meeting held by them on Monday night,  a motion was passed to the effect that  all contractors wlio signed the proposed  new schedule, would be allowed to finish up their work contracted for under  the old scale, which,, of couise^ must  have been entered Into prior to the 'first  of Uie year. Thus It wlli icadily be seen  that the Journeymen carpenters were  most fair In dealing with their employers, as by their action no fair-minded  or honest contractors would lose  money through any fault of the union.  The next night, Uie eve of the strike,  we are informed on pretty reliable authority, that certain members of the  Bulldeis' Exchange had a private conference with leprcsentatlves of thc carpenters and impressed them with the"  fact that the 'lumber dealers and mill  men compelled them to refuse to sign  the new schedule, but of course they  'weie willing to pay the rates of wages  and observe the eight ihoui day. On  the face of these two polivts the inference is drawn that it is not thc demand  fO|- an elghtJhour day at 40, cents an  hour thut ls the stumbling block 'to a  settlement, but the recognition of the  card system through the Building  Trades Council, because President Hepburn himself denies that the Builders'  Exchange is being coerced by the mill-  men in bringing about a lumber blockade. There is a huge African gentlemen somewhere In the fence..,  course open to them In making their  very modest demands, and will continue  to carry out the programme outlined  Wednesday's statement given to the  press. The icports of the picket committees show that the tleup Is as effectual us il possibly could be. About  fifty men huve resumed work for the  contractois who ihave signed the Schedule.  CARPENTERS'  STRIIKE.  iFollowing le the statement issued by  strike committee of the' carpenters on  - This morning over three hundred carpenters went on strike. The'reuson for  this is the failure of the contractors to  accede to their demands, which were  made on December 31," 1902. These demands, were In effect that eight,houis  constitute a day's work and that 40  cents an hour be the minimum rate of  wages; these rates to go Into effect on  April lst.  The Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and' Joiners, and the United  Brotherhood of Carpenters and- Joiners, at a joint meeting held recently,  unanimously decided to stand together,  for their original demands. The carpenters sent to the contractors as well  as to the -Builders' Exchange In December lost, as before mentioned, a  copy of their rules and pioposed schedule. About a, month ago the Builders'  Exchange requested a consultation  with a repiesentatlve committee of cai-  penters. This was gi anted, when It was  suggested to them that the committee  accept the 8-hour day with a $3 minimum. The committee had iio power to  compromise, but referred the whole  matter to special meetings of the  unions, which decided unanimously not  to change their original proposed schedules. The Builders' Exchange were no-  titled of this action, and since that  t-.me theie have been no communications) received from that body by * the  unions.  As matters at present confiqnl the  carpenters, It looks as If It were practically impossible for them to deal with  thc Bulldeis' Exchange as a body, because it Is made up of "fair" and "unfair" contractors. In order 'to make an  agreement_bindiii"g���on~both~partlesrit  vvouid be necessary for all membeis of  the iBullders' Exchange to be square  with the unions represented on the  Building Trades Council. The carpenters,* In the meantime are negotiating  with Individual contractors, and have  so far obtained \*ie signatures of several leading contractors, and a number of men resumed work nt noon to-  duy.  The carpenters wish to mnke clear lo  the public Hint In dealing with thc  Builders' Exchange they aie not negotiating with all thc contractois ot the  city, there being a large number not  members of that .body' who must lie  reckoned with by the unions.  TOPE LUMBER BLOOKADI-J.  By Pies. Hepburn's published statement Thuisday, that Uhe mlllmen  were not dlctutlng to the Builders' Exchange, but that the blockade on the  lumber supply was put into effect at  the request of the building contractors  of the association, it will be readily  seen that if the Bulldeis' Exchange has  the power to shut off the supply of  timber to fair contractors, It has also  the power to raise the blockade and allow work to go on. ,  * The carpenters met Thursday and  decided that they had taken' tbe only  BUILDERS' JBXCHANG03.  The offlceis of the Builders' Exchange say that they will stand by  their offer of $3 for eight liours. President Hepburn contradicts the statement  that the mills are forcing* the contractors to take their present stand against  the men. The contractors of tlie exchange tippioached,,the Lumbermen's  Association and asked It to refuse to  supply lumbei to any parties excepting'  thosc whom they were authorized to  supply by the Bulldeis' Exchange.  The lumbei men consented to this. The  Association met on Thursday night"  with 48 members piesent. It was reported that not a single member had  signed the agieement. Several of the  contractors are sorry that they ever  went into the combine and are willing  to "pay even more than the men ask  for, but won't be allowed. It is gradually being leaked out that it 13 not  so much what the carpenters ask tolas it Is the recognition of the card system of the Building Tiades Council. ''  THE O. R. I STRIKE.  One of our well-known , contractors  who ordeied lumber 'before tlie strike  was refused it on the day of lhe strike.  ''Another applied to a certain mill for  lumber and was Interrogated if he employed union carpenters; that if he did  he could get no lumber. If he didn't  that he could-have all he wanted.  , A very silly assertion of a contractor,  wlio knows better, that the unioii compelled lilm to^pay men who were'not  woith'the union scale, Is misleading,  and .unjust to the union. All the union  asks is that the minimum wage of $3.20  for eight hours be observed. If a man  don't suit he needn't be hired.  BUILDERS' LABORERS.  IFollowing ls the new, schedule of the  Builders' Laborers'  union:  Rulejl. Hours of Work���First five  days of the week, eight hours to constitute a day's work, between the liours  of 8 a. m. and 5 p. m. On Saturdays,  the sixth day, four hours, to be worked  between the 'hours of 8 a, m. and noon,  making a total of 44 hours per week,  '.Rule ii. Wages���Mortar and cement  mixers, also * hod carriers, carrying  brick, mortar or cement, $2.75 per day  of eight houis. Ordinary laborers (diggers, .wheelers, caipenteis' helpers,  etc.), $2.50 per day of eight houis. Rook  di illers, $3.00 pei day of eight hours. "  , Kule 3. Overtime���All time work outside thc above hours to ibe classed as  ovei time, and to be paid at the rale of  time and a-lialf.  Rule 4. tPay-day���Regular pay-days,  must be at least every two weeks.  Rule 5. dSxtract fiom by-laws,** sec.  ���S, page 6: "No member of this union  will be allowed to make mortar or cement by the bam el, or take a contiact  to either muke or curry-liy the yaid."  Rule 6. Holidays���The following days  will be classed us (holidays, and any  work done on these days shall -be paid  for at the rate^of double tlime: All  Sundays, New Year's day, 21th of May,  Dominion daj^LaboF^ayTTliaiTksgiv^  Ing day and Christmas day.  All work let previous to this notice  will be charged nt old scale. '  NEW SOCIALIST PARTY.  The Piano and Organ Workers' Journal says that a cull was Issued sometime ago by a number of socialists who  were dlHSiitlslled with thc methods of  the De Leon socialists, now tlie socialist labor paity, and the social democratic, party, for a confeiencc at Philadelphia to form a new party of socialists. Dispatches ln the dally ptess say  that the convention was a success, and  adjourned to meet again soon. The  leaders In the new movement said In  their statement: "The trades union  policy of both '.he socialist labor party  and thc socialist, nllux the social democratic paity, Is wrong. The former, by  wrestling with the unions mouses violent opposition; the latter by coddling  to unions Is submerged -by them, Un  either case socialism Is fatally Injured.  The coriect policy Is to Ignoie the  unions altogether. Trades unions were  t'he cause of the De Leonilies seceding  floni the old socialist labor party. The  Dc Lconltes held that the trades unions  should be part of the socialist machine.  The other faction gave Its approval to  trades unions, but- contended -tliey  should have nothing to do with politics.  The De Leonites refer to the proposed  new' party as the "Ostrich' party."  Follow lng ls list of those contributing  to strikers' funds:  Previously acknowledged $1,180 50  C. P.Starratt  1 00  Friend  1 00  James Itonch  100  James Spracklin  CO  G. Chlsholm  100  W. Welling  2 00  R. Thompson  I 00  J. King  1 00  D. Hauls  DO  J. Ment'.oux  50  J. Lawrence  100  G. Hlscock  l'OO  H. Prince.,..'.    .,  CO  S. Holmes  Mi  J. McGlnnls  1 00  Friend  1 00  J.  Klnsler  50  W. D. Nickerson  BO  A. Easier  1 00  P. Sheeluui  1 00  D. Melville  100  E. Moody '  I 0o  H. Harris    .".  100  W. Putibnce  50  R.  Mitchell  1 OO  E.  Noseworthy  50  S. Klnsler  100  W. Blown  50  'J. March  100  R. Gunn  CO  A. Orovei  CO  W.'Main 1-00  C. Stin.soii  50  S. W. Allan  50  W. Sparks  50  B. Gost-e  50  Hugh   Main  100  J. Coles  '  50  jA. 'Fieeninii  1 UO  W. Raymond  1 00  C.'Maich......  100  J, Brown  50  J. Holmes  50  13.-Fulton  100  Frigid.  cllltate the eftoits of the C. P. R. to  spend the million dollars In bieukiug  up the U. H. of It. E. 11 talks so much  about.   Youis fraternally,  A. MILLION.  Victoria, April 2, 1903.          50  F. Bingham    100  J. Bingham    100  Waiteis and Walttesses 23 00  Ship Caipenters and Caulkers 10 00  Bookbinders -    GOO  Mrs. M. Aldred 20 50  A. Thompson     100  Retail Cleiks.... '. 10 00  Pressmen    5 00  Street'Rallwaymen, New West 50 00  Nelson Federal Union    5 00  Mr. Vivian    100  B. C. Socialist Party    5 00  Postal Employees 46 50  Civic  Employees "  45 00  Foundry Helpers    9 50  Civic Firemen  25 00  $1,483 00  C. P. R. SHOPS AND U. B. R. E.  Following is-a copy of the document  signed by the representatives of six  unions and Grant Hall, assistant superintendent of Che C. 'P. R. shops:  "It is understood between the committee representing the unions in Vancouver shops and Giant Hall, assistant  superintendent lolling stock, that no  grievance exists there, consequently the  shops aie considered fair by -this committee. But this resolution in no. way  establishes a precedent as to any future action that the combined unions  may take In C. P. 11. shops, applying  only to piesent-tiouble.  "Any employee ordered out by the  comm'ttee of U. B. of R. E. can tesume  his position provided he applies before  7 o'clock, April 1, 1003.  "Dated at Vancouver, April 27, 1903."  Regai ding the above matter -the  Tiades and Labor Council at a special  meeting on Tuesday night passed the  following lesolutlon:  "That this council regaids all eftoits  lo replace the men now on strike in  the C. P. R. shops in iRevelstoke and  Vancouver as  being unfair and  pro  nounces all men who -take said places  as being entitled- to the teim unfair."  SOCIAL.  Everyone should attend the "red and  white social," given by the ladles ln  aid of the U. B. of It. E. and allied  strikers, in O'Brien's lesser hall, on  Monday, April 6th. Flrst-clnss programme. Collection taken ait tlie door.  Friends, this entertainment Is gotten  up for n noble cause, and If you can't  come in the flesh why come In the spirit  and send your rollectloln along.  The tenmsters nre still holding out  lu .sympathy with the V. 13. ot R, K.  stilki-is. and tue Just ns firm to-dny ns  ever. .Vire-piosidenl Hiirdeis, of the  Inteiniilionul union,-hus left San Finn-  Cisco for Vnncouvei-, nnd Is expected  here iu u fen  days.  LliT 'I-MI SPEND THB .MILLION.  To thc Kdltur ol Thk Ixdhmcndknt:  Sir,���Allow me to suggest that the  binve men who are now on strike allow  those who wei e offered j$10 a day to  go*to work for the C. p. R. The money  thus eai ned could ^be turned into the  strlkeis' funds, and this thing could be  kept going until suoh times as the company started to 'cut! wages,"when llie  men could quit;. ��� This "move would' fa-  Thc U. B. of R. E. have sent out  the following appeal for aid and a review of the strike:  To the Officers und Members or Organized Labor throughout the Dominion of  Canada: ��  Gentlemen and Brothers,���The following review will unquestionably prove of  Interest to all:  Befoie touching on the cuuses leading  up to the strike, and as certain officials  of lhe C. P. R. have stated that the  objection they have to tho U. B. ot  It. 10 Is that lt Is an American, not a  Canadian, organization, I think lt advisable to give in a few words a history  of the V. IS. ot II E., more pnrtlcu-  laily as lt applies to this organization on tlie C. P. Railway. The fact  K llie IJ B ot R E. was actually born  on the C. P. R. at Winnipeg, some four  years ago, and existed theie for two  j ears before the U. 11. of 11. 13. in the  United States came into existence. 11  wns originated by the local freight clerks  und freight handlers at Winnipeg, and the  unjust treatment by the C. P. R. of those  classes of hilhcito unorganized employees,  w.is what compelled the birth ot this organization. Subsequently, without acknowledge that an organization bearing  a similar name wns In existence, a large  number ot the employees of the Southern  Pacific Hallway, having had the necessity for an organization comprising all  classes ot railway employees forced upon  them iby the management of that railway,  after careful study of all the plans and  merits of existing unions ot railway men  all over the world, launched on the sea of  unionism the U. B of R E as It at pro-  sent exists.  I may say here thut lhe lules and regulations of the U. B. ot R. E. are patterned to u great extent utter those governing the Amalgumuted Association ot  Railway Servants of Great Britain, an  Association which embraces all classes of  railway ���men In tlint country. '  Shortly after the birth of tlie U. B  of R. E. ln the United States, its officers became cognizant ot the existence  of an order under a similar name in  Winnipeg, through the medium of the  Winnipeg "Voice." Correspondence was  opened between the two orders, and after Investigation, the Winnipeg Union  In a body joined the U. B. of R. B, which '  had only recently come into existence in  the United States, but which was already much stronger numerically and in  other respects than its namesake of Canada.  Now, with regard to the objection of  the C. P.' Railway that tho U. B. of  R. E. Is not a Canadian institution, I  would say that -it Is the only union of  lallway men which had Its birth ln Canada, and that all unions represented on  and recognized by the C P. Railway  Company have their headquarters in  the United States, and all their highest officials are citizens of the United  States. It is an axiom thut capital recognizes no International boundaries ,and  wherefore sliould labor leeugnlze such  boundaries when 11s effect would be to"  weaken the cause of laibor? "  In June of lasl yeur two local organizations of railway men on the C.  P. R at Vancouver, namely, the local :  freight clerks and tho freight handlers, -  each comprising a small foody of men,  learned that President Estes of the U,  B. of R E. would bo passing through  this City In the course of a fow days,  and he consented to address these bodies. In consequence ot that address,  and subsequent Investigation, both bodies Joined the U. B. of R. E��� though  not-at-the same moment, ���������������.���  Active interference with our organization was not commenced by the 0. P.  Company until about November, when  the spies, or seciet service agents ot  the Company, obtained entrnpeo to our  order, taking, of course, the solemn obligation imposed on Its members to not  reveal what transpires In lis meetings,  and until discovered, carried all Information regarding our membership nnd Its ���  business In tlielr employer!].  In consequence of the Information  thus Imparted the first dlsmiss.il on account of mcmbci ship In the U. JI. of  R. E, occurred In the person of a  young maOf employed at Nelson, n thoroughly competent employee, whose sole  crime was membership In our union.  This was followed In Deeemlier by tho  leniovnl ot a lndy stenographer from  her position, and the dlsmlssnl of thc  agent of our Division In Vancouver.  Those " lntter enst-s wero Immediately  tukon up 'by a Committee, and wore  adjusted .satisfactorily to the U. B. of  R. 13. Al all tho Interviews of tho Committee with the officials of the C. P.  It., tlio latter denied that they had ,  any Intention or desire' to discriminate  against 'members of the U. B. of R.  E. For a short time following this  things were apparently amooth on the  surface, ibut the Company was all the  time preparing for the strike which they  wero .determined   to   force   unlcss'**the  [Coatlautd on Ptga Thne(. Tfll INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY APRIL 4. 1903  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE    INTERESTS OF THE MASSES  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  HASBMBNT    OF      FLACK       BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET. VANCOUVOR,  B. C  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN AOVANCR  A week, fi cents; month, 10 cents; throe  mouths, 35 cents;  six months, fiO cents;  one year, fl.00.  HNOOKSEiD ��Y THE  TRADES & LABOR COUNCIL OF VANCOUVER,  TRADES & LABOR COUNCIL OF VICTORIA.  VANCOUVER   BUILDING   TRADES  COUNCIL.  The Independent con always be bad  il Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY ..APRIL 4. 1903  LOCAL UNIONS RESPONSIBLE.  There is one malicious He that i.s  being fomented by interested parties,  and which a gullible public. Is apparently anxious tolbellevc. It is that foreign union olllclals are responsible for  inciting strikes In this province. There  lias not been one strike in the west  wliere the unioii or unions concerned  have not gone into it on their own Initiative and on their own vote. There  is not a union In this town whose International president oould come here and  order a strike without the union's consent. And in practically every.Instance  lt hns to be done by af two-thirds or  three-quarters vote; On the other hand  International ofllcers are very.loath to  .sanction a strike, for such sanction  means strike benwflts, and Uie treasury  is always Jealously guarded by these  olllclals. The internationnl heads of labor unions are a very conservative  body of men, In fact so much so that  tliey are continually subjected to u  cross-fire of criticism by the radical  . element. In .our ranks. If there is any  blame to be attached 10 lubor .'unions of  this province It must be, borne by the  local memlbers, for they are entirely responsible for what   has taken    pluce.  This holding foreign union.olllclals up  -J i  to public opprobium Is simply the dirty |  tactics of the moneyed Interests. >  like to ask our wortl-y magistrate If he  were sitting in a game of poker (which  he wouldn't do In his position) and  u man got a. glimpse of the former's  hand through the aid of a looking glass,  and won a lot of money, wouldn't our  magistrate put him down as a rogue?  Well, what difference Is there between  that man and one who would take vhe  place of another who has gone on strike  to protect his fellow-niaii-.' The card  sharper has a little the best of it.  Our spring poet writes as follows ro  Solicitor ilaniersleys. local opinion of  the jurisdiction of tho C. P .11. special  constables:  1 wished to be most exact,  So I looked up the railway act,  And now I state It as a fact,  That special constables arc all right  Their Jurisdiction sure extends,  Over all disputed streets and ends;  So to them  now wc make amends.  The specials surely are all right.  They have full right to make arrests,  To search your trousers and your vests,  And other things that one detests,  Those blooming special constables.  not for the assistance they receive from  their homes they could not get along.  We will always advocate full compensation for labor performed. If a. girl  performs the same service as a man,  she should have as good pay. An investigation Into the .wages paid girls In  Mils city sliould be made at once, when  some stratllng enclosures would, bo  made.  ,TIie city   police ihnve  petitioned the  city council for more holidays, us they  are on duly every day In the year. Our  devil greased up the .poetry machine,  and this is what he got:  Dear council���  On holidays we have to work,  On Sunday cannot go to kirk,  And yet our duty never shirk,  Won't you extend our furlough.  (Sgd.)   JOHN M'KEOWN, et al,  Menus, we understand, will be taken  tu (.'4ill the attention of Attorney-General Kberts to thc remarks of Magls  trute 'Russell, giving open license to all  and sundry lo commit crime, provided  some one uses the word "scab."  99. ����������������� ��� 99* > ����������������� .99  $  It is amusing to hear some sleek parson telling union men how charitable  they must be towards that weak creature too mean to bear his part ln the  fight for Justice and' yet avaricious  enough to gobble the rewards.  When a strike Is on there is no room  for "windbags." You generally find  them on deck, but you never see them  do anything or give a cent to help the  striker out.  The B. C. 'Mining Association are asking the dominion government for the  modest sum of $25,000. They'll get it-  yes, where the chicken got the hatchet.  Thc petitions that are being circulated to have Joseph Ambrose ilussell removed from the bench should meet with  generous endorsement. He Is totally  unqualified for the ..position from the  fact that he is a. cannery manager, a  politician und a practising lawyer. A  man of such varied occupation must  have many cases to deal with that conflict lii some degree with his business  inleresls.  From latest advices the socialists of  Nanaimo are slightly in the lead,  though badly disfigured and getting  "groggy." The "antis" are waiting for  reinforcements. Jn the meantime the  Ladysmlth Leader, as well us that  town, has been knocked out by Jimmy  Dunsiuuii-. This is a distinct loss to  the gaiety of nations.  The worst enemy of the people, upon  whose behalf mob violence ls often invoked, Is the man of one idea who Invokes il;   Beware of him.  The- train from thej east hasn't been  on time for" many, many days. Of  course the strike has nothing to do  with this.   Oh, no.  A half dozen true-blue unioii men ih  a local union are worth a whole train-  load of "stiffs" and "windbags."  A Joke Is all right so long us yoii  know thai it is a joke. April Fool's  Day passed on* all Tight?  ���Talk Is cheap, but it takes .money to  support men on a strike.  The new trinity-  CrtKl.  -Dunsmuir, Baer and  -Rev. W. C. King, of Jackson avenue  Baptist.church, preached a. sermon last  Sunday night/and like too many of  ills kind,.assumes without any authority or. justification that Mr. Estes Is  responsible for a continuance of the  present strike. Had the latter not been  here the whole affair would have been  submitted lo arbitration. Thus lie was  reported'. In the World. We know  whereof we speak when we say that  Mr. 'Estes has been much more modest  than the local executive, and was chiefly Instrumental in inducing the men to  submit fthe .very modest proposals  which they did to the board of trade  conciliation committee, and which the  latter endorsed as eminently fair. .This  reverend gentleman should become  seized of his, facts before'he'gives, currency, to malicious insinuations and  tangles up lies with the sermon on the  lnount. It js a case of tools rushing in,  etc. '    '  'il believe In unionism, but do not be  lleve in the word 'boycott.' "���Rev. W  C. King. How many articles of'this  reverend gentleman's wearing apparel  ibear the union label. This is -the en-  slgna Invented by trades unions to take  the place of the boycott.. To help;.'the  fair employer in preference to the unfair one.  "Gwen," of the Vancouver News-Advertiser "ladies' column," opines that  women ' workers are usually well paid  and treated, and need no unions. What  "Gwen" does'nt know about sweated  sempstresses and talloresses and female shop assistants paid less than: a  living wage would fill a, mighty large  book.  "Billy" MacAdams, editor Sandon  Paystreuk, Is. coming to Vancouver to  start a weekly paper "that will touch  the high places and keep things warm  wherever it enters." R. T. Lowery, of  the Denver Ledge, will bo his partner.  The r-iy.-Kicuk and Ledge will be consolidated and published at Now Denver.  UTTERS TO THE EDITOR.  Aid. Wood says that the leasing of  Ihu Gore avenue slip I.s a very louse  piece of business-. The clly has a lawsuit un with the IJ. V. R.-to obtain access lo the '.water front, liy handing  this piece of property over to private  individuals tor live years the city is  practically.sbut oit,tliC-ivatc-r^fronl-allogenic!'. Vancouver seems lo have a  fence around It so far as the waterfront Is concerned, llow long will the  people .snooze und slumber ovcr this  question, anyway?  Our police magistrate seems to have  a great love for men who sail under  the opprobrious epithet of "ncub." Of  course we can quite understand the  feeling  of sympathy.    But .we would  Advertisements have lately appeared  lu eastern Canadian papers for machinists for Vancouvor. Wc are authorized to unnouncc thnt there urc plenty  of this class of mechanics lo attend to  all work offering. Eastern papers will  please copy.  A. F. OF L. VS. A. L. U.  To the Editor uf Tue Indeiendknt:  Sir,���As a constant reader of your  little paper, I want to extend to you  my congratulations ?for the very fair  and Impartial way you have of putting  tilings. .1 am a strong believer In socialism, though I don't belong to the  socialist party 'here because. I can't  agree with a'number.;of .them In? their  actions towards those who are opposed  to their views. 'Socialism is the very  opposite to tyranny, and consequently  persons who call themselves socialists  must not be tyrannical or abusive; If  thoy intend to accomplish much. This  Is why I am content with being a member of the U. IB. of R. E., whose ultimate aim is socialism, f The American  Labor, Union, with which body It is affiliated, Is advanced on socialistic lines,  with a 'broad political platform that  every workingman can support, I have  nothing to say against? the railway  brotherhoods, but I think at least those  in the west? should join; the American  Labor Union. The engineers, I am told,  have intimated thut they jvlll ulllllute  See  the Great  Showing  of  Spring  Novelties  at  170   Cordova    St.,   Vancoaver.  We reach wherever the mails  reMb.'  >���*������������-*������  ...^OOD CLOTHES FOR BOYS...  * Whatever is best, most satisfactory and up-to-date In boys' clothing Is  completely represented In our enormous stock.  The quality and style which pervade every garment'that leaves this house  Is evidence of an Indisputable nature that we have accomplished-something  beyond tlie ordinary In thefmntter of catering to the tastes ot the boys, and  of the distinctive character und substantial quality of our clothing.  'FANCY SUITS���iln fancy suits, the Sailor Blouse, with pleuts, in flannel  and homespun effect--, and the Norfolk styles, a re the leading sellers.  Then come the IJrowule and Russian Blouse suits, nlso thc Sailor suit, in  nnvy serge. Our runge of two and three-piece suits was never so extensive  a.s this season. If you are not prepared to buy come In and look. We take  plcusure in showing our store und goods.  &   STEWART,  309' to 315 Hastings St. W.  Tklki'honb 702.  \0000000090���������������������������������������������00000+0  WHAFS TIIE USE      '  tuting therefor a system of direct issuance to and by the. people.  You must trust to the citizen himself  U>: fork out lhe ultimate salvation of  '(���lie-state! Only those possessed of  culm.logiiiil sincere minds can lead the  way.   FanutlclBin Is riotous.  Forty-seven labor papers were started during ��� 11)02, There are ut the present time 327 strictly union Iiubor papers  In the United Stales and Canada,  The wages paid to girls by some of  our merchants Is totally Inadequate to  properly support them, and If It were  �����������������������������������������������<�� �����<������������������ 090000>0+  I Wedding Presents j  ii  II  n  I'  "n  ������>  n  n  ti  ti  It Is dllllcult In a limited spiicc lo enumerate all lhe beautiful  and practical goods In such .1 comprehensive slock us ours, thnt .ire  suitable for wedding giris. .  Wc have eislly a dozen different (lepurtinents-any one of  whlcli presents a broud scope for a suitable selection for the brlde-  CUTLElRY. CUT GLASS. PLATED WARE, STERLING WARf'  bric-a-hrac. jew.elhy, leather goods, clocks' etc    ������  No store In British Columbia gives you such a choice.  GEO. E. TROREY,  Tbe Jeweler and  Diamond Merchant  COR. GRANVILLE AND tlA&TINSS STEHT&.  OffleUl Watch Inspector of Uw C. F. *.  ������������>o��������>ii>aftft*a <m��^i.<����,���� T rttlfUfl  with the American Federation of Labor. Now that organization hns.no political platform and does not believe In  going into politics, and, of cours-.-, it  Jusl suits the .engineers. If working-  men are going to' accomplish anything  through legislation tliey must go Into  politics and form a strong Independent  labor party, with a platform drawn on  the lines of the American 'Labor Union.  MKM'BBIIMJ. B. R, B.  "*Vaiic6uverrBr"C.7?Xpfir2rT9Mr  Note.���Our esteemed correspondent  must be In error when he says that the  A. F. of L. has no "political platform."  It Is herewith reproduced.���Ed.  I. Compulsory education.  ���2. Direct legislation Ihrougli the Initiative and referendum.  3. A legal work day of not moro than  eight hours.  4. Sanitary Inspection of workshop  nud mine and home.  'ii.-, 'Liability of ..employers' for Injury  to.'health,' -body and life.  0. The abolition of Die contract system on nil public works;  7. The abolition of the sweatshop  system.  8. The municipal ownership of lhe  street cars, water works nnd gns and  electric light plants for public distribution of light, heat und power.  9. The , nationalization of telegraph  and telephone, railroads and mines.  ; 10. The abolition of the monopoly  system of land/holding and substituting therefore a title of occupancy and  use only.  II. 'Repeal of conspiracy and penal  laws affecting seamen and otlier workmen Incorporated In the.federal laws of  the United States.  12. The abolition of the monopoly  privilege of Issuing money and aubstl-  Mll. WATSON SPEAKS.  To tlie Kditor of Tin; Indki-indikt:  Sir,���To the wholesale clerks: I see  by the Trades Council report at lis last  meeting that the wholesale clerks were  thinking of forming; a union and; that  the organizing committee were recommended to place nil unions ..'Without an  International head into a federation of  labor culled the American .Labor Union.  And for the information of the" wholesale clerks 1 wish to inform them that  if they draw 'their charter .from the  American Labor? Union they will be  drawing it from nn organization formed by the socialist .wing-of''the "trade  union movement, for the puipose of  .scabbing on the American Federation  of Labor and' disrupting that splendid  body,"which ; luis raised lhe American  and Canadian worker to his present  standard.. Gentlemen, if you want lo  go into an organization, the Dominion  Trades Congress, our own Canadian  federation of labor, Is the proper place  for you to draw your charter' from.  Don't be fooled by any of those men  who would lead you intoan organization you would, be . ashamed; of When  you come to know It. Don't accept'anything but the Dominion Trades Congress as your head. There is no International union, for. you ,to go into. So  go into the next best. If the Trades  council's organizer; won't place you In  this organization, come to me; I will.  We.have.mixture enough here without  getting; further inv the mire.' Yours  truly, J. Ji. WATSON, Organizer.  Vancouver, April 1, 1903.  of hurrying about buying Life Insurance no many men think and my. At  least two strong reasons nro: Go od health is uncortain; Increased cost Is  curtain.  What's the use of waiting might bettar. be saldl  UNION MUTUAL   POLIOIEB  may bo depended upon to protect throughout th. varying experiences    of  human lifo, to faithfully guard tlto interests    of the    insured, and to ba  promptly cashed whon tliey become payable.    Values and privileges abpund  and   aro   conveniently   available.  Detailed facts gladly furnisbtd. ,    ���  After threo years the Union Mutual Policies do not become void by failure .. X  to pay premiums, tho Main Non-Forfeiture 7*aw without aetloa ��f th. X  Policy-holder, continuing tho Insurance for a Specified length of tlm*. T  I Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo f  * PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848. ��  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.O  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager. ���  COUN  CAMERON, Special Agent.  .  + + + 4y0<**i0 0000000090 0000000 0000000004 y  Commercial  CORNER HASTINGS AND CAMBIE  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  New, modern and strictly first-class;  good sample rooms; free 'bus. Wcok  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. in., lunch  12 m, to 3 p. m., dinner, 6'to 9 p.m.  Sundays���Breakfast 7:30 to 10:30 a.  m., lunch 12:30 to 3 p. m., dinner, 5:301  to 7:30 p. m. Bates $2 and upwards  per day. HAYWOOD & PRESCOTT,  Proprietor..  Tbe Poucjalf House  310-312 ABBOTT STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Restaurant and. Bar.'..".Breakfast? 6 to  10, merchants' lunch 11 to?2, 25c; dinner 5 to 8, 35c; lunches, put up:1 eastern and Olympian oystors; short orders -a specialty- at all hours;  meal tickets $1;. best: 25c. meal,In .the  city.     D. BURTON, Proprietor.  Meeting.  F. 0. B.���VANCOUVER ABEIB, No.,I,  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren welcome.   Bert Parsons, W  P.; J. Q. Ure, W. S., Arcade.  TORONTO STIIBET RAILWAY.  The proposal of Aid. Spencc that the  City of Toronto estubllsh a Street Railway Purchase Fund, is a live topic ln  civic circles. The' franchise of the Toronto l'ullwuy Company will expire in  eighteen years, and llie Alderman  figures thai in that period the city's  share of thc rcvenuo:will,'avurugu.$!00,-  000 'per. yeur, or t'i,WQ,W)' altogether, In  addition lo ilie inierest which would  accumulate in that time if the city's  share of profits were Invested towards  a purchase fund, lie believes that, the  street ruilway system? eighteen years  hence will not be purchased for less  thun-��3,000,000.���The-Company���seven  years ugo paid Jl,250,000 for It. With  the city being in a position to pay "spot  cash for the. property, citizens should  be given very low fares from the start,  us revenue would be required .only'for  malntenancc. The present fares yield  the shareholders $100,000 annually, In  addition to $150,000 paid to the city, and  the cost of operating and maintenance.  The Alderman, speaking further?on  the subject, said that this $200,000 revenue which the city would receive  yearly from the Compuny, under present arrangements, goes Into the general  treusury, und thus assists In reducing  taxi'H by about 1 1-2.mills per yeur,  He pointed out that thlsrcduction wus  especially advantageous to wealthy Individuals and Institutions, but cnnie  from the pockets of the?working clnsse:  who were llie principal .pillions of the  street rallwuy. He said.there were nine  Institutions In the city whose combined  assessment.wus $10,000,000. A reduction  of a mill, therefore, meant considerable  to these Institutions. On-the other hand  existing taxpayers mny In many cases  object to loBlng relief of 1 1-2 mills a  year for the benefit: of Toronto taxpayers and residents In AD. 1922.  ���  The^"-6-----^  .���  819 . SEYMOUR STREET,1 VANCOUVER.  i Having the only up-to-date grill room  'ii British Columbia, which in itself is a  guarantee of a first-class hotel and restaurant. Business Mon'a LUNCH;: from  12 m. to 2:80 p. m., only 25 conts.  THERE IS    . ' ,  DANGER  of Fire or Iri/urv  Health when you usp  the  ELECTRIC  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  CORNER. CORDOVA AND CARRALL  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  Makes a specialty. of Dewar's sperjal  liqueur, also Usher's black label liqlieur  whiskoy. Largo stock of imported and  domestic cigars. " Finest billiard and  pool tables. _ R. B.v MULLlfJAN &  CO.,. Proprietors.  %i   GEO. HAY   :  ^k     Vancouver's    Pionoor    Clothes  J      Renovator, * makes a suit now.  �� Dyeing and Repairing.  f216 Cambie St., Vancouver.  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and HastingsT  - Streets. -  >eooc  DELICIOUS WINE  Madk excmmvbi.v tbom b. C. Fruit.  FRESH CUT FLOWERS. ��� UNION-MADB  DOMESTIC CIGARS. -    .  �� n? ' ���     ���  Fark call on  ' W- It. klnnp�� Brockton Point  TT* V* WUIIC9     Lighthouse  oeooooMeaees  GANADIAN  : XA-:-^jKciP^ix::  and  PACBPBC  LINE  Scenic  J. A. Davidson, corner Cambie and  Cordova Sts., is the place where you  vet your hair cut In an artistic manner.  Pacific Bottling  Works  Importers and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGBNXfl,  LOWEST RATES.  BLS1 StRVICl  Train  , Transcontinental-   Passenger  leaves dolly at 14 o'clock.  Seattle and Whatcom Express leave*  daily  at 8:110 o'clock.  STEAMSHIPS  TO?JAl'AN   AND  CHINA.  EMPRESS OF CHINA  EMPRESS OF INDIA  TARTAR  ...   ..   .  ... DEC 1  ...DEO. 39  ...JAN.   13  TO HONOLULU,  FIJI ISLANDS  AN1.  AUSTRALIA.  B.8.    AORANOI   _; nn-n  S.8. KOANA "jA��  MIOWERE   _  13  9  -FEB.  a  And every four'weeks thereafter  For full parUoulare a* to time, itea'  etc., apply to ���*  J  'fj  t  A SATURDAY APRIL 4, 1903  THE INDEPENDENT.  Our Victoria Budget.  By Our Own Correspondent.  VICTOISIA TIIADKS AND LA I IOU.  Vlcloiln, April :,.���The regular meeting of the Trailer uml Labor Council In  1.11 hor bull lu.si n'ghf mis well attended by deli'Kiiles. Tin- president, J. W.  Hidden, wns in lilt: chnlr. CrciU'iilliils  weie lecehfil iippolutliiK IL M. Lorl-  ini'i' and Win. Curse delegatus to tuple-  sent lhe EliTlilcul' Woikvrs' union at  llie council. Secretary Slvertz mnde Ills  iiuiirtcily icpoit, which showed that  Ihere uro tK unlolns ullllluted with llie  council, with an approximate membership of l,'230. The llnanccs, the report  showed, io be ln a healthy condition.  The legislative 'committee submitted  a lesolulion declaring that the lepre-  sentutlons made by the Manufactur-  ois' Association und otheis, ihut thcic  I.s a scarcity of labor In Canada, aie  not true; and thut thc 'Allen x.ni,or act  should not be altered-lo meet tbe  wishes of those who are desirous of  Hooding, the labor market. The seao-  lutlon was adopted, copies of wlilch,  will be forwarded tb the Dominion gov  ernment.  f  A lengthy statement of the causes  leading Tip to the U. B. of H. E. strike  on the C. P. It., from S. Gariialian,  acting agent U. 13. of lt. 13., division SI  was read,  The Blacksmiths' union wrote lhat  on February 15tli'the union notified employers that on and after April 1, 1903,  they deshed to luive.Cl houis declared  a week's work, viz.: 9 hours for 5 days,  and 6 hours on Saturday, und to receive  - the following scale ot wages: Fiieinen,  $18 per week of 51 hours; Doormen, $15;  cairlage helpers, tl2. Sutuiday after-  ��� noon and overtime to 'be time nml half.  The communication went on to suy:  "We have met Willi a refusal, and in  home cases huve been offered $17 per  week ot SI hours. We are all out with  Hie exception of A. G. Hay's shop."  Tlie. council endorsed tlie action of  the Blacksmith's union, und Instructed  Vhe executive committee to use its good  services towards bringing about a settlement of the difliculty.  The Plumbers' union wiote, endorsing  the formation of a Buildings' Trades  council. Tho secretary of the Lubor-  eis" union-wrote to the same effect; also  the carpenters' utiion, favoi lng the caiu  system.  The Toionto Trades and iLabor Council wrote asking thut a? committee be  appointed to visit all local doai6>3 In  stoves and inform them that the stoves  of thc Gurney Foundiy company aie  made under unfair conditions to organized labor. The. committee was appointed. .  The matter of .incorporation was  again discussed, and a committee wus  appointed to make a report at next  meeting, on the best form of incorporation.  The resignations of Jas. "Wilby (chairman) and J. C. Mappleton, as members j  of the executive committee,    wero accepted, and J. W. Bolden ad A. Johnson  were elected  to iflll the vacancies.  The committee appointed to get up  some form of entertainment In the In-  lcii"UK.of the striking membeis of the  Steainboalnien's union, lciMirtetl progress.  it wus decided lo cull a meeting of  lhe building tiades in ILabor hull .Mon-'  day night.   '  men are gored by, bulls in the bull  lights. No race .seems to have n monopoly of essential brutality. But in  spile uf occnsloiuil I aversions to the  stone nge .standard of moruls, wc urc  In lhe main getting too civilized to  pracllce revenge or punish offences  with murder und biutallty. We now  gel our 'work In In a more rellned way  by lesort to starvation and thc adoption of the blnck list. By the way, it  Is noticed that the retailers of Vancouver are adopting this up-to-date method  and point with pride to the success of  the venture In Victoria. While the  black list may be considered'as essentially a sclcnllliu business proposition,  we don't think it will work, leastways  not in Victoria. Alieady there Is a split  In the ranks and indications go to  prove that the genius who does not  enter the combiie will capture all the  trade. The light and justice of business men to eomblm, for mutual protection ngalnsl what ls commonly  known as the "dead beat" is recognized  and approved, and while it will no  doubt liave a tendency lo knock the  beat, there'i.s many reasons to believe  that It will result disastrously to many  of the small dealers who arc rlured Into  the meshes of the net, not only set for  the recognized "bad pay," but for the  elimination of troublesome competitors.  THU') OLD 'AND THE NEW WAY Ofk"  (1KTT1NU J3VJSN. .     j  Men used to burn onciinolher nl the  .slake, pill out one tftiulhor'scyes, break  ono iiiiother'.s bones,. wrench one an-  other'-, joints apart and slice one an-  _uther>_lips_oIT_for_di(reiences_of_opJn_-_  Ion about matters of faith. In Germany they kill onu another in the piizc  ring or on the football Held.    In Spain  '������ete��9��e����*e��o������0<  SHOULD WEAR THE ���  ? ALL UNION MINERS  9  ft  9 "  9  9  9'  9  9'  9  9  ��� Special "Miners" Over- 9  9  9  9  9  9  9,  alls, Jumpers and  Smocks. ���  mnde of fullwelght denim, double 9  ���stltt:hed nnd riveted, high waist- ft  cd, roomy seated, Iron wear. ���  ;   Made by  -TIIK-  ft  9  9  9  0'-'  ft  ��� '  0  ���  . 0  (LIMITED.)     - ���  The  oldest Union  Overall  Fac- *  [    i>> -/lory.ln the,West.   , *      Q  HIWIJ BLOCK, WINNIPEG, *1AN.  ���������������9��9��0��0.��0��9��0*0��0  AN OPTIMISTIC VIEW." -  It is reasonable to suppose that.ln  the power of human thought, human  protest and publicity, there Is more  thun strength enough to offset the ac  cumulated power of money. It Is pain  fui to see the trust criminal receiving  millions annually and otlier human_ beings begging for a morsel of food at the  back door. To lectify such unjust conditions all we need Is to have a ma'  jority of the people think earnestly on  this subject and action will follow: We  find every day that there is an increased number of thinking men and women  Even the trust organizers' themselves  are beginning to think. In an interview published in the Boston Post, J.  l'lerpont Morgan said: "If men like  me are inevitable organizers of thc  work of the world, our proceedings,may  not be pleasant, but they are necessary.  We are doing what must be done, and  il Is eventually for the interests of all  the people." Wlien the time comes that  the people resolve to take their own,  they Willi .find the systematization ready  for' them. You may call us socialists,  for that is the ultimate outcome of  what we are doing���;the taking over by  tlie people of the material of their life.  There will undoubtedly be in the futuie some great industrial managers 'of  the nation. But they will be the nation's employees, ' not the nation's  rulers. And they will take pride ln  doing good work for the nation, as they  take pride,in robbing the nation now.  The Morgan's of the future will be  proud, not over their piled 'up millions,  their reckless collections of trashy antiquities,, or tlieir power in the money  market. . Tliey will be proud In"the fact  Hint t'licir,gains gives the people all  they need. They will 'bo proud to know  that thiough llieir efforts every family  Is well fed, -well educated and enabled  to travel at little expense on government railioads. They will be pioud of  lhe fact thul'lhunks to their organization'aiid intellect, the workingmen of  the nation have good wages and plenty  of lolsuic'lo Improve their, mental condition. That stage will be reached  sooner or later, when we iwlll no longer  see a hungry man knocking at thc  back door of a fellow-creature who is  wonderinguowhe can"wa"ste~a~mlllion"  dollars In such a way as to glv�� a  new sensation to his nerves.  ���A MODERN HERO.  N. Allen, engineer of the Danube,  wus asked to lire on the Charmer. He  refused to disgrace 'himself, und was  promptly discharged. Though out of'a  job, he Is h'gllly respected by his fellow workmen. -  Ti'.ADMS UNIONS.  One uf the gieut misfortunes ot model n clvH'ziit'on Is the too sharp division  of men into cl.-uieH and the luck of  sympathy between them. While in tills  countiy class distinctions arc Incongruous, there Is too apt lo be a dlspo-  slt'oii to consign those who work for  wages to nn Inferior caste, to regaid  their effoits to belter their conditions  as an outrage on HO.Iety. Nothing In  the way of definite Improvement has  been granted voluntarily by the employer. Nearly all men labor, and being men, they have ambition" Whether  capitalists or laboiers, they have learned that through organization betterment of their condition Is possible. As  a result of this knowledge we have today a powerful organization of capitalists on the -onehand, and a gigantic organization of workers on the other.  The first ueeka to aqueeaq out the laat  I  available drop of human vitality for  mere mercenary accumulation; the second attempts'only to guard the bod-  given right to ��ork ror reasonable ie-  waul, from the rapacity of those who  hold an unfair advantage lii possessing  thc iflcld of opportunity, and who hold  in their .unholy hand the bread und  meat of civilization.  Organized labor strives tu retain Intact the birthright of existence and  freedom und oiganlzed labor Is wielding an Influence upon every public  question never attained before. The  great thinkers of the world arc now  beginning to appreciate thc fact that  the demands of labor mean more than  appears on the surface. They see that  the demand for worth Is not alone one  for thc preservation of life ln the Individual, but Is a human, innate right;  that tho movement to reduce the hours  of <labor Is not sought to shirk the duty  to toll, but the humane means by  which the workless workers may find  thc road to employment, and that the  millions of liours -of increased leisure  to the overtaxed workers signify millions of golden opportunities for lightening the burdens of the masses, 'to  make the homes more cheerful, the  hearts of the people lighter, their hopes  and aspirations nobler and broader.  Wheie can more enjoyment be found  than ln the knowledie of man that he  has 'advanced himself, and those dependent on lilm have been made happier and more contented with life; that  the faculties with which a wise creation endowed him have 'been used bene-  liclall yand well? The trades unions  are the reflections In organized, crystallized form of the best thought, activity  and hopes of the wage workers. They  represent the uggrega,le expression ot"  dlscontnt of labor with existing economic, social and political misrule.  The trades unions aie exactly what the  wage'.vorkers are, and can be made exactly what ithey may pplease to make  them. Active or sluggish, keen or dull,  narrow or 'broad-guaged, just as the  members are intellectual or otherwise,  But represent as they may either of  these alternatives, the union is the best  form of organization for the tollers to  protect their interests, as well as to  work out their salvation from all  wrong. Workmen, organize. Let us  carry on the good work, and in a few  more revolutions of the earth upon its)  axis we shall' have a' better world, ai  better mankind. Waiting will not accomplish it; deferring until anolher  time will not secure it. -Now1 Is the  time for the workers to come to the  standard of their unions and ,to organize us^ thoroughly, completely and' compactly as is possible.  President of the iSteamboatmen's 'Association, 'briefly addressed the meeting,  describing in detail conditions In Victoria and concluded by thanking organized labor for their efforts on behalf of his union. (Cheers.) ..Mr. F.  Whiteside, of tin- Carpenters' union,  made un exceedingly spirited address,  which was well received, and uppluuse  greeted him ut the conclusion of lils  vigorous effort. Business being concluded, the hat was passed, and a ��ui>-  b-tuntlal collection made. A vote of  thanks was tendered the visiting guests  and 'hte meeting ndjourned, thoroughly  satisfied w.'tli what hod Ibeen accomplished.  Our Victoria Advertiser*.  NOTES.  The blasksmiths of Victoria went out  on strike on the lst April. Their demand for a nine-hour 'working day at  current wages wan refused by tho  bosses and as a, result there ls not  much doing In the 'blucksmltliing line.  The manager of 'tlio Orpheum on  Yates streei has kindly tendered the  theatre for the benelflt of the striking  stenmboatmen. Tliree continuous performances will be given next Tuesday  afternoon, and the box receipts given to  the unioii.^ A complete, new and exceedingly inteiestlng programme lias  been arranged for this special occasion. Union men who cannot visit the  theatre on Tuesday will find u splendid  opportunity of treating their family to  a splendid entertainment for a splendid  purpose. The interior of the theatie Is  being renovated and an entire change  of scenery will greet the eye of the  visitor. Who says Victoria Is not" in  line for a just cause? ',,  Victoria, April 2.���A mass meeting of  trades unionists was held in Labor hall  on Tuesday evening, A. E. McEchrune  occupying the chair. Mr. Bates, Piesldent of the U. 33. of B. JE.; Mr.' Garna-  hun, 'of Vancouver;, and Mr. Butlcy,  president of the <Steamboutmen's Association, were on- the platform. The  chairman outlined the objects of the  meeting and the secretary was requested to read a statement of the causes  that led to the sti Ike .between .the U.  B, of R. 13. and tlle C. P. R. company  presented by Mr. 3. Qurnuhu.ii, acting  agent U. B. oi: It. 13., Dlv. No. St. The  statement was well received and the  action of the U. B. of ill. E. approved.  The sense of the meeting was asked for  as to the advisability of forming a provincial association'of labor for unity'of  action was unanimously approved.-As  the main object ut the meeting was for  the purpose' ot devising ways and  means to give a series of entertainments on behalf of the Steainboatmen's  Association of Victoila, muny valuaible  suggestions were submitted. It was  unanimously ugrced that at the initial  entertainment of the series a grand  torchlight parade of.all unions of/Victoria, headed by lhe union band, would  march through the main thoroughfare  of the city to the place of entertainment. Thc committee on entertainment  were instructed to make all necessary  arrangements for the carrying out of  all details ln connection with the parade and entertainment. The committee  on entertainment were Instructed to  make ull nccessury arrangements for  the carrying out of ull detulls ln connection with thc parade und entertainment. All unions ure nuw taking ucllve  Inteiest ou behalf of strikers,  uud the subscription lists In circulation  lmve some very Interesting headings.  Itoutlne business of the meeting having  been completed, 'Mr, Estes wus Introduced and in ii.clear cut und brief manner gave an account of causes und effects up to date. Uproarious upplause  was tendered hlni at the conclusion of  his Interestilng und convincing address.  Mr. Garnnhan then made a brief but exceedingly Interesting speech, giving a  correct detail of events ln Vancouver.  He made a pathetic appeal on behalf  'of tbe Steamboatmen's Association, and  the applause that wus''tendered him at  the conclusion of his address'indicated  that the feeling of the. audience was  fully In accord ���with him. 'Bn Bulley,  Lalbor papers like labor unions have  to be supported. A labor paper Is the  only channel through which reliable  news may be obtained concerning the  doings of organized labor, throughout  the country. We pay well for such  news as is dished out to, us through  the press, and after having digested the  same we discover that it is fa'ked. Why  pay for a bogus article -when It is 'possible to get the real thing at a trifling  cost. ,  A union directory is a necessity If the  labor unions ln Victoria wish to be up  to'date. The Independent will place at  the disposal of the trades, unions of  Victoria space in its columns for that  purpose. Unions desirous of advei Using in the Victoria Union Directory will  obtain all necessary information at  Jones' cigar store, 105 Douglas street.  Could anything . be more beautiful,  commendable or significantly encouraging of the signs of the times than the  action taken by the women of Vancouver In organizing a. woman's auxilary  for the purpose of assiting the striking  employees of the C .P. R. When our  frail but heroic mothers, wives, sisters  and daughters take sides with organized labor in lighting for and defending Its rights against dispotic and aggressive greed, that monster will be  compelled descend from its pedestal,  the backs of the workers. Men and  women the country over, take example  by those noble women. Here's to the  women of Vancouver���"God bless  them."  Thc advertising pages of Tlie lude  In Victoria the.tiadesincii who are.in  will 'naturally govern themselves acco  .[pendent will reveal to trades unionists  practical touch with them, and ihey  rdlngly in making purchases.  THE,QUEEN'S HOTEL  J. M.  HUGHES, PROPlll bTOIt,  Corner of Johnson and Store Streets,  Centrally located    and   all conveniences.   Terms tl per day and upwuids.  Free Bus. Telephone.  NATURE'S GIFT  <Halr Is nature's gift and there Is  something wrong when It falls out. I  sell a preparation that will remove all  evil causes and make the hair grow  strong and vigorous.  R. I. MATTHEW'S SHAVING PARLORS  101 Douglas Street.  ...J. T. JONES...  Empire Xigar Store  Free Reading Room  and Headquarters of the Laborers' '  Protective  Union.  105 Douglas Street, Opposite Labor Hall  VICTOMA, IJ. C.  ���e0ld Curiosity Shop  Pierce O'Connor, Proprietor.  148 Yates street, Victoria, B. C.  All .kinds   of   furniture   bought and  sold.   Anything you desire and do not  see please nsk for lt.  Vancouver Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AND  Labor Council meets first and third  Thursday ln each month, at 7.30 p.m  President, W. J. Lamrick; vice-president,  Geo. Dobbin; secretary, F. J. Russell; financial secretary, J. L. Lllley; treasurer,  A. N. Harrington; sergeant-at-arms, J. C.  Kerr; statistician, J. II. Perkins; trustees, Messrs. Pound, Cross and Thomp-  son;*executlve committee, Messrs. George  and Gothard.  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union of  America. Local No. 40, Vancouver B  C, meets first and third Thursday in  each month. President, T. A. Baxter;  vice-president, S. Walker; treasurer, J  Green; secretary, M. MacLean, 2160 Westminster Avenue.  SHIRT WAIST AND LAUNDRY  , WORKERS' UNION,. No. 105 -Meets  every 2nd and 4th Thursday In each  month in Union Hall. President, R. N.  Hogg; corresponding secretary, Wallace  Sharp, 1119. Richards St.; financial secretary, Mr. Lee; treasurer, F. Young; delegates to Trades and Labor Council,  Messrs   llargle, Coltart, Lee and Hogg.  nn: i. b. r. i; mm.  (Continued From Pago One.)  members of the U. IS. of It. K would  disband and give up the right to organise.' The plans of the Company were  soon completed, even lo the hliing of  large quantities of men to take the  places of those tliey were determined to  force to strike. Advei tlscmonts for  men to tako the places of our members  were appearing In the Seattle papers,  nnd carloads _ot_men_were_on_the_way  from Eastern Canada days before the'  strike occurred and before tho U. B.  of R. E. wns aware that a strike was  to be forced.  About 'the middle ot last 'month (February) the C. P. R. commenced operations by the removal of some of our  most prominent members and officers  to Montreal, thc dismissal and suspension of others at various points, the Intimidation of large nuniibcrs by thc  heads of departments by the statements.  In some cases that they would not receive promotion, nnd In otlier cases that  they would be dismissed If they remained members ot the U. 11. of R. E., nnd  finally the statement to the freight handlers, that their contiact 'would be annulled nnd would nol be renewed unless  they left our order.  In view of these fuels, nml that unless wc made an Immediate anil firm  stand uur union must Inevitably be  crushed, a very largely attended mcet-  iPl: of the U. B. ,of It. 13, held on  Thursduy, 20th February, decided to appoint a Committee to wnll on Mr.  Mnrpole to demand that an employee  who nad that dny been indeflnltely'sus-  pended without a ghost of a show of  renson, except that he belonged to the  U. B. of R. E., and was ranking officer of that body In Vancouver,  should bo immediately reinstated and  discrimination against members of that  order should cease, and the Committee  was instructed to Inform Mr. Marjiolo  that unleia these conditions were com-  WAITERS AND WAIT!* ESSES' UNION  Local No, 28. President, Charles Over  vice-president, A. N Wellington; seer,  tary-lieasurer, .1. If PeiUtis; recording  secretary, Miss A. Scuitto; Press agent  W. Ellender, Meeting every second*Fri  day evening ot S.30 o'clock in Unioi  Hall, corner Homer and lliuisiuuir streelr-  ' TEAM DRIVERS' INTERNATIONAL  UNION, No. 409-Meets lst and 3rd  Wednesday in each month ln Union Hall  Piesldent, J. C. Kerr; vice-president, S  Cawker; sec.-treus, D. Mclver; rec. sec.,  E. Bridge; correspondent, F. Topham;  warden, A. E. Soaper; conductor, J. Little; trustees, C. B. Hlgglnson, R. Haywood and A. Robinson; delegates to T. &  L. Council, J. J. Harrison, A. E. Soaper,  Geo. Dunlop, J. C. Kerr and C. B.^HIg-  ginson  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS, Local Union No. 188.  Meets 2nd and Ith Thursday in Labor  Hall. President, E. Holland; vice-president, XV. Halliday; recording secretary.  E. Crush, TC7 Eighth avenue, west; flnan  cial secretary, A. Gothard, 822 Howe  street; treasurer, II.  MeSorley.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACK-  SM1THS, Vancouver Union, No. 151.-  Meets the first und third Monday in each  month at 8 p. m., in Union hall, Homer  street. President, A. A. Bigg, vice-president, G. Vi. Smart; financial secretary,  Chas. McAllister; recording secretary, D.  Robinson, box 37, Vancouver, B. C; delegates to the Trades and Labor council,  William Latham, D. Robinson, H. Howard.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  America No. 178. ��� Meets lst and 3rd  Mondays In room No. 1, Union Ball. President, C. L. Whalen; vice-president, J.  T. Mortimer; recording secretary, F  Williams, 1814 7th avenue,' west; secreta-  ry-<trcasuror, J. Savage; sergeant-at-arms,  H. Brazeau; delegates to Trades & Labor Council, F. Williams and J. T. Mortimer. .  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p  m. in Forester's Hall, Van Anda. Presl  dent, John D. Fraser; vice-president, J  W. Austin; secretary, Alfred Raper;  treasurer. A. G. Delghton; conductor,  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patterson.  CIGARMAKERS' UNION NO. 357.-  Meets tho first Tuesday in each month  In Union Hall. President, G. Thomas, Jr.;  vice-president, J. Crow, secretary, J. C.  Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Faotory;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson-; sergeant-at-  arms, D. Morrlsey; delegates to Trades  and Laibor Council, J. Crow, G. Thomas  and O. Mattlson. -=  BUILDERS- LABORERS', FEDERAL  UNION, No. 32, Vancouver.���Meets every otlier'Tucsdny evening, at s o'clock,  In llie large room, Union Hall. President,  J Sully; vice-president, W. (Lyons; secre-'-  tary, H. Sellers, Western Hotel; treasurer,  J. Cosgrove; wni den, H. Chapman; conductor, J. Gundvrson; delegates to Trades  & Labor Council, '3. Sully, G. Payne, J.  Cosgrove and'11 Sellers; delegates to  Building Trades Council, J. Sully and J.  Cosgrove. . Q  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union, No. 120���President, E. Harpur; vice-president, J. Gil-  man; corresponding-financial secretary,  J. A. Stewart, 442 Hastings St. E.; recorder, W. L. Aylesworth;, treasurer,  O. Bower;'guide, W. Bushman; guard-  Ian, O.^!.'Jacques; delegates to T. & L.  Council, E. Harpur and J. A. Dlbden.  Meets flrst and third Wednesdays of  each month In Union HalL  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday In Union  hall, room 2. President, A. E. Coffin;  vice-president, L, C. DeWolf; recording  secretary, Geo., Dobbin, 533 Hamilton  St.; financial secretary, J. McLeod;  treasurer, G. Adams; _ conductor, H.  Howes; warden; J. F. 'Gray; delegates  to T. & L. Council, Geo. Dobbin, Geo.  Adams, A. E. Coflln, L. C. DeWolf and  S. O'Brien; delegates to the Building  Trades Council, H. Howes and J. McLeod.  VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 228, meets the 4th Monday'In  each month at Union Hall. President,  W. J. 'MaoKay; vice-president, G. E.  Pierrot; secretary, W. H. Hunt, P. O.  box 60; treasurer, John Watkins; sergeant-at-arms, Jas. Webster; executive  committee, H. W. King, Robt. Todd,  Ralph Wilson, A. W. Flmbow; delegates  to Trades & Labor Council, Robt. Todd,  Geo. Bartley, Harry Cowan.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION-  Meets second and fourth Wednesday  of each month In Sutherland Hall, corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings  Street, at 8 p.m. President; James McGuigan; vice-president, A. G. Elliott; '  secretary, A. G, Perry, 33 Seventh Avenue;  treasurer, XV. H. Vanderwarker; conductor, H. Howes; warden, G. Martin; sentinel, D. Smith; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, B Marshall, F. C. O'iBrleii,  Geo. Lenfesty, A. J. Wilson and James  McGuigan.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in 0\BrIen's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays ot each month. J. A.  Murray, president; W. J. Lamrick, secretary, MS Princess street.     ,  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF-  Electrlcal Workers. Vancouver Local,  No. 213���Meets second and fourth Wednesday ln each month In O'Brien's Hall. President, A. McDonald; vice-president, J.  Dubberley; recording- secretary, S. W.  Huston; financial secretary, H. V. Rankin.  INTERNATIONAL ' ASSOCIATION  ol Machinists.���Beaver Lodge, No,  182.���Meets second and fourth Monday in each month in Union hall.  President, Geo. P. Downey; past  president, J. R. Edwards; vice.yies-  ident, H. J. Littler; recording secretary, J. H. McVety; financial secretary, J. Anderson.  plied with that the members of tho U. B.  of R. E. would cease work.  . Mr. Marpole refused to take up tho  cofse "of-tfio iemployee In question-with"  tho Committee, denied any knowledge ot  discrimination against members of the  U. B. of R.- B., and, to gain time, requested tlie Committee to wait on lilm  at a later date. Knowing full well that  delay nt this time meant that thc Company would have men on the ground to  fill our places, we refused to wait  any longer aud ceased work. The C.  P. R. Company, through the press, has  asserted Hint President Estes ordered  this strike. Nothing could bo further  from thc tiulli. Mr. Estes was, lor-  tunutcly for us. In Portland, Ore, nl  the lime the sti Ike occurred, nnd as soon  ns this step wns decided on wc wired  lilm to enme up, but ll was not until  he wns within n few miles of Vancouver that he heard lhat lhe strike was on.  With lhe chief subsequent events you nro  probably familiar. How, tor Instance,  tlie members of the .'IfOiigshoroincn'H  Union, lhe Teamsters' Union, nnd lhe 11.  C. Sli'iiiiisliipiiion',8 Society, realising that  this wns a fight simply and solely for  the right lo organize, nnd that lt was Impossible for thcni to work In conjunction  wllh "senbs," by accepting freight handled by tliem, also went out on strike.  ��� In the early part of the struggle the  Board ot Trade of Vancouvor, the  Trades and Labor Council of Vancouver, and Piemlor Prior, mi behalf ot lhe  Government of British Columbln, offered lhelr services ns arbitrators, and Iu  each case the U. B,- of R. E. accepted tho ofiers without hesitation, but the  C. P. R. Company refused them.  . Mr. Marpole then offered, for obvious  reasons, to accept the arbitration of a  Committee from the other unions ot  railway men on ,the C. P. R. This  was at first refused by .President Bates  on behalf of tho U. B. of R. E. for reasons published in the press at Iho  time, but was afterwards unconditionally  accepted  by   that  body, only   to   find  that Mr. Mnrpole then refused to accept his own proposition, because thero  was really only ono point Involved,  which was tho right to organize, and that._  the Company was determined not to concede.  Negotiations then censed, and wc have  since been conducting, with the aid of  the other unions which have stood with  us so nobly In this trouble, a vigorous  fight for thu right to organize and for  union principles, and 1 nm most happy  to say our prospects of success are of  the brightest. It ls simply a question  of presenting an unbroken front to the  enemy and victory Is ours. "     ,,  Ot course, you nro nwaro of the Prosccu--  tlon ot President Estes for alleged endeavor to delny His Majesty's mall, tho  plaintiff in tlio case- being n C. P.  It.* special service man. Tnctlcs, such  as lliese, nre commonly adopted by corpora lions under similar circumstances.  Yon will be pleased to learn, 1 am  sure, thai after presenting our enso lo  the Trndes uml Uibor Councils ot Vancouver, Winnipeg, Nelson nnd Calgary,  our com re was unanimously endorsed by  these hoilles. ami nil tlm help In their _  power proffered to UK. '  lu cunrliislmi, I wish to slate that the  II. '11. of R. E. realises, and sincerely regrets, that Hie public hns been  caused very coiislder.ib'o Inconvenience  and loss owing to this unfortunate sti Ike,  and they wish It understood that this  strike was not of' their seeking, that  they hnd no thought of stiiklug, no ile-  slro to sti Ike, but the time appearing  opportune to tbo Company, nnd lt being ,  Its determination to crush thc U. 11.  ot R. E. on the C. P. R��� that Company adopted such tactics towards the  members ot the U. B. of R. E. as  they knew would compel them to strike,  or allow thcir organization to be killed -  without a blow In Its defence.    ;  (Approved.)1! >'!���*������ .    ,.  Yours fraternally, . ',,  FRED. J. HALTON,- .    ,\  Agent U. B. ,ot R. E., Division- 81.--  -    JAS. Fi MAS9EY,   ' '    ,:'���  3econd Vlce-iPresldont. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY APIUL 4, 1503-  ^���Xtttt^tt-KK***^*^-*^ I ARBITRATION   IN  n  ii  ��>  \i  i:  w.  w  il  ���'ii  '.'  i>  H  ���  Tbe Gurney foundri) Co., of Toronto,  Makers of Oxford Stoves ��i>d Ranges  Are Unfair to Organized Labor.  We expect the workingmen'of ���' the west to    ,  help us wjn this fight.   Tell your friends.  IRON MOLDERS' UNION, NO."28.  'METAL POLISHERS'UNION, NO.'21.  STOVE MOUNTERS'  UNION, NO. 14.  ^���V0m'*0Wi9X9X*imi9i��9mW*^^^  IV  THE POLICE MAGISTRATE.  A letter from J. Halton, secretary U.  li. lt. 12., was received by the city council last Monday night, Inviting- the attention of that ibody to the decision rcn-  deied by Police Magistrate J. A. Russell In the case of Parker vs. Marvin,  and also the C. P. R. vs. Williams, on  ���March 25, 1003.  Aid. Morton asked what power the  jity had over tho  police magistrate.  City Solicitor Hamersley said '.he  powers of the council weie stated in  the city chin ter.  Aid. .Morton���"I want to know how  to go about to diseliaige the police  inagisiiatc. It lie fails to do hi.s duty  this should  be done."  Aid. Macpherson (after investigating  the charter)���"We can make his salary  $10 a week."  Aid. Morton���"All right. We'll look  after that."  'When it caine lo motions, Aid. Macpherson proposed the following lesolu-  lion;  "Resolved���Thai this council petition  the lioutenanl-governor-in-coiincll to  fix the salary of the police magistrate  of the city of Vancouver at t'230 per annum."  Aid. .Morton seconded the motion.  Aid. Macpherson���"I have seen the  police magistrate taking too active part  in mutters that would lead nny impartial man who read his decisions in the  cases refcried to to Conclude that he  must be biased." 'He also recalled Instances, wheie the same magistrate had  taken pait in matters that a judge  should have let alone, it is a haid pio-  position to remove a magistrate, as  those may ki:ow who will lemember  how Premier John Kobson dealt with  Magistrate Hallet. lu this cu.se the  lieutenant-governor Is petitioned to respectfully make the magistrate's salary  $250 per annum. Aldermen who cannot  &ee their way to give city laborers 25  cents an hour and sweepeis 20 cents  bhould support this resolution. The  magistrate we have Is not worth any  more. ���  Aid.iMcGulgun���Make it $300. (Laughter.)  'Aid. Wood���We're not sitting In Judgment on Magistrate Kussell. We don't  want to lower the dignity of the olllce  he holds uny more than it Is. Russell  may not be worth the money he gets.  And If he Is not it would be ibetter to  uik the government to remove him.  Personally he thought that 'Itu.sscll was  not doing right by his position in taking such ollicial pai t In politic? as he  hud done. Don't lowei the salary, but  come right out and say that the council don't want hlni any longer. The  resolution   was   ridiculous.  Aid. Morton said that according to  tlie city cluuter he did not know what  else to do but oul his salary oft to get  lid of him. "I believe thnt If wc have  lit) Jill l.sillfliun over lus actions wc  sliuiilu nol pay liini."  Aid. Bethune snid that It was Iou bad  that the council should be mixed up in  . sucli _iiiatter.s_as_itJhas-been_of_!ate.  The council can't do anything-.  Aid. Cook undeistood that there was  simielliiiig behind the motion of Aid.  .Macpherson. "There are a lot ot people  who don't want Iinv'and order, and I  nm soiry we have an alderman who  would make such :i motion," he snld.  "Tliu object sought." he went on, "was  to get some one In as magistrate who  will not enfoice law and order.  Aid. Macpherson���"I don't propose to  sit heie and receive a lecture from Aid.  $������������������m������3����������&  1 Tbe Salt  fjof Life  is business. We want more of  it. We'll get it if an out and out  bargain will fetch it.  llow ts This  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle^  or  Fountain Syringe  . 75c.  .Tlie Mellon e!l, Atkins,  Watson Co., ltd. Liability ]  UP-TO-OATE MueasTS.  Cook un law und order. 1 am as much  In favor of law and order as any man,  but I am not ln favor of there being  one law for a certain class and another  luw for another, as we have been getting of late. That's the kind of law  and order some of thc aldermen want,  and the quicker this thing Is stopped  the better, and the only way that wc  can lemove the magistrate Is to ask  the lieutenant-governor to fix his sal'  ary.   U believe in law and order,"  Aid. McQueen agreed with Aid. Wood  that t'he resolution was ridiculous, and  said that the government would take  no notice of It. Tliey would ask what  it meant.  Aid. Macpherson���"Then lt would be  up to the government to Inquire."  The 'Mayor���Is this resolution the result of the U. B. of R. E. letter?  Aid. Morton said he had not even  seen the letter. "He had acted merely  on the decisions of Magistrate Russell.  The motion was lost.  Yeas���IMacpherson, Morton���2.  Nays���McQueen Cook, Grant. Bethune, Brown, McGuigan, Wood, Wilson  ���S.  NO HAISH FOR THE CITY STREIDT  SWEEPERS.  At 'Monday night's meeting ot the  city council a petition, signed by over  600 resdents and ratepayers, was received. The petitioners asked tlie coun  ell to reconsider the application of the  street sweepers for an increase of pay  from IS cents to 20 cents an hour. Laid  over.  When the board of works repoit came  up for adoption, Aid. Morton and Wood  moved  the following amendment:  "That all laborers employed by the  council be paid at the rate of Sli cents  an hour.  '���Tliat_all overtime between the hours  of 3 p. m. and 12 p. in 'be paid at the  rate of time and a half; between the  hours of 12 p. m. and 7 a. m. and all  legal holidays at the rate of double  time.  "That stieet sweepers be paid 20cimt3  an hour."  'Aid. Brown said that the council  should try and equalize matters as regards the street sweepers by equalizing  their work, by allowing so much to be  done In each section. Let them keep  their sections clean.' The work done by  the city sweeper was cheaper than that  done by the men. Every one must  know that men were engaged at this  work who cannot earn wages at other  work.  Aid. Grant said the question of  sweeping the streets was' up two years  ago, when it was almost decided lo do  away with the men and flush the  streets. It it Is decided now io put on  the sweeper there will be no work for  the men.  Aid. Woods pointed''out that the  ralsu In wages asked was pretty small  and would average, taking lost time Into considei atlon, about ?36 a year. "If  a man Is not ivortli ?I0 a week he's  worth nol'lilng." said llie representative  ot ward 3. These men are good, faithful servants, mid he hoped the council  wouldnot giind"thenrdown"to"thc"low-  est level. Koine of the sweepers have  families lo support.  Aid. McQueen said 'ho did nol object  to the sweepers receiving the 20 cents  an hour, but could not support the balance of the report.  The amendment was lost on the following division:  Nays���Aid. 'McQueen, Cook, Grant,  Bethune, Wilson, Brown���6.  Yeus���Aid. Woods, McGuigan, Macpherson, 'Morton���(,  Aid. McQueen then moved that the  street sweepers be paid 20 cents an  hour.  The mayor ruled the motion out of  order.  NOW    IUC/VDY.  Prize lists for the flower show mny  be Iind of the secretary, Mr. L. D. Tay-  lor, nt the Province oflice.  Telephone 1���OS tor a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace Livery  Stables.  ������&  Municipal ownership of public necessities Is now advocated by men and papers who, a few years ago, styled such  Ideas as anarchistic. Time, Indeed,  works many changes.  . It is unklndness to bring- up a child  In the belief that lt can get through life  by shirking the difficulties.  A recent despatch from Wellington, N. '!���-. to tho "Times-' says that  dissatisfaction In New Zealand with the  Arbitration Act is evidently Increasing.  At u meeting of Socialists nnd Trades  Unionists nt Wellington, lhe speakers  strongly condemned the working of tlie  measure.  The Unionist officials, says thc des-  patch, admitted ut the meeting Hint lhe  Acl wus a failure and slated that militant unionism had been killed by It.  They declare that Ihey would not recommend tho adoption of such a measure  In other countries.  lt la evident thnt New Zealand Is nbcut  to witness a revival of tho bitter conflicts which marked the pasage of thc  now famous Industrial Conciliation Act.  On Thursday last the "News" announced  In a special cable from London that tho  Wellington, N. Z., correspondent ot the  l^ondon "Times" told of thc formation of  a combination of 4,W) employers to resist  the working of the Act; and now comes  the statement that tho workingmen are  also dissatisfied with the manner ln  which the measure is being administered.  HISTORY OP TUB ACT.  The Industrial and Conciliation Act was  originally passed in 1894. Amending acts  were passed ln 1S95, 1800 and 1893, a consolidating act ln 1900, und a further amending act ln 1901.  All "Industrial matters," except indictable offences, come under these laws, that  is, "all matters affecting or relating to  work done or to be done by workers, or  the privileges, rights and duties of employers or workers In uny Industry"; and  "workers" Include "all persons employed to do any skilled or unskilled manual  or clerical work tor hire or reward In any  Industry."  HOW   IT   IS   ADMINISTERED.  Boards of conciliation, consisting of one  or two representatives of workers and  us many employers, wllh aii Independent  chairman, are constituted in the seven  districts of'the Colony, and a Court of  Arbitration, consisting ot one representative of the workers, one of the employers, and a Judge of thc Supreme  Court for President, Is appointed for the  whole Colony. Two employers or seven  workers may form an Industrial association; trades unions may ieglster as such  unions. Tho workers' unions elect separately the workers' representatives to thu  conciliation boards, and nomlnate-a representative for the Court, and employers' unions do the like; In default of an  election, the" Governor may fill vacancies.  The term of office is three years, alike  for the boards and thc Court. Industrial  unions of both parties may enter Into  an "Industrial agreement" relating to any  Industrial matters, or for the settlement  of disputes. Such agreements are enforceable at law; their term Is for three  years at most; but even "after the expiry  they hold good until superceded by a new  agreement or an award of the Court. Any  dispute may be referred to a Board of  Conciliation by an Industrial union (after 'ballot vote of members), an industrial  association or an cnlployer.  NO RIGHTS FOR NON-UNIONISTS.  Unorganized bodies of workmen have no  rights, but once a dispute Is brought  before a board, the latter may extend thc  reference so that thc matter may be dealt  with In a complete shape. The board,  after hearing thc parties, summoning witnesses nnd making such Inquiry as it  thinks fit, makes within three months a  recommendation for settlement, the duration of the same to be fixed within six  months and three yeurs. Either party  may make un appeal from the Hoard to  the Court of Arbitration, but If no appeal  is filed within a month, the Board's recommendation operates, nnd is enforceable us an Industrial agreement. The  i.'ourt ha? nil Ilio powers possessed In  (lie boards, and may ulso compel lhe pioduction of books and documents, award  costs, etc. its decision must bo given  within a month after thc hearing has begun, and ls given by a majority of the  Court? T!fe"aw7u7d7jribc~CoiTrris~riiIair  A term of years, not exceeding three,  must be fixed for Its duration, but after expiry of thc same, lt holds good uutll superseded by a fresh award or agreement. The Court has power to make thc  award In uny case operative beyond the  district of the original dispute, and applicable to all competing areas In the Colony. The Act of 1901 specifically made  lwurds  BINDING ON NON-UNIONISTS  and on new firms starting business In a  district after the Issue of an awnrd, and  expressed In statutory form thc power  exercised previously by the Court of ordering preference to be given to trades-  unionists. The Act of 1901 enabled either  party to go straight to thc Court, instead of bringing thc case before n  hoard; this was Intended to remedy delay and pressure of business. When u  dispute has been brought before u bonrd,  nny net in thc nature of a strike or lockout is forbidden, under penalty of ��.10  fine, Any brench of yn agreement awnrd  Is punishable by a fine of ��300 In the  case of an Industrial union or an employer, and ��10 on any member of a union.  The funds of a trades-union registered  ns an Industrial union, cannot be attached  nt law except for a breach of thc Conciliation Acts.  A FRIENDLY OPINION.  Since the passing of the Act of 1891,  there have only been some half dozen  strikes by small bodies   of   unorganized  workmen; the trade  of  tbe'Colony has  risen from ��16,000,000 lo ��23,000,000 111 1901,  and Ihu nuniher of persons employed In  fueloiics and workshops from Sy.STK lo 53,-  160. The Secretary of Labor says: "The  effect of the Act up to tho present hus  been to greutly benefit thc working classes by raising wages, by shortening working hours, uud by given (when other  thing*, such us skill, etc., arc equal) preference lo unionist workers." lt Is, therefore, difficult to understand ���whut objection the tmiles unionists, should have lo  the working ofthe measure.  Lubor papers have done, and' are doing, u world of good. There are two  sides to every question. Don't form an  opinion nbout unions until you read the  union's side of the question. -To-do tills  you will have to read the labor papers.  Send ln your subscription nnd you will  be able to get the labor side, presented  in a fair and impartial manner. We  will trust to your good Judgment for a  fair verdict as to the Justice of our position.���Ex.  Discussion of questions affecting labor ls the only means of educating  workingmen to a knowledge of what  is requited to better their condition.  The  Welcome  324 Carrall Street  Tl|ree doors from Hastings Street.  Choice lines of Confectionery, Frulls,  Tobaccos, Soft Drinks and Ice Cream.  Open every evening till midnight, Refreshment iparlor in connection. Prompt  service.   Fresh Stook.  ���Phone 1388.  GEO. C. HAMILTON.!  CLAYTON'S GROCERY  '    Most reliable Grocers _  in Town.  850 WESTMINSTER AVE.  UNION MADE  CIGARETTES  We, thc undersigned, liandle the  only UNION HADE CIG ARE TIES  made in Canada.^KARNAC, V. C.  andT.&B.  CHAS. FORESBERG.  H.G.MOORE '  S. HARCUS  G: W. WEEKS  W.J. McMillan & Co.  Wholesale Agents lor B. C,  Comer Alcinnder 81. nnd Columbia Ave.  Vnncouvcr, B. C.  P. 0. BOX, '206. PHONE, 179.   '  PHONE I220A.-  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  BetweeiT Penderrand-DurismuirSlsT  AH kinds of work ln this line promptly attended to.  ...W. DAVIS...  PAINTING,  PAPBRHANGING,  KAILSOMINING,    ETC.,   ETC.  All branches of the trade done in a  satisfactory and workmanlike manner.  Estimates given.  432 EIGHTH AVENUE WEST.  Patronize the  Blue Label  BRANDS'"^  Cigar Factory  NEW WESTMINSTER.  9  5E  n ���  ;:  ii  } '  u  * {  I  II  I  i  Don't be Careless I!  Don't start your wheel on   the   new   season's   work   without   a    <>  thorough overhauling.   It will add much to your comfort and scenr-   ;>  We lmve a thoroughly  u|.-to-dnte   > i  Uy and will cosl you but little,  bicycle repair department.  Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. jj  Stoves, Ranges and Kitchen Furniture. o  Loggers' Supplies  BPECIAIj    ALL - STBEI,   WIRE ROPE SNATCH BLjOCK.  ALIiAN -WHYTE  & OO.'S  SPECIAL WIRE CORE KOGKHNO WIRE.  PLOUGH and CRUCIBLE STEEL WIRE ROPE ln all adzes and grades.  All kinds of loggers' tools and supplies, Camp Utensils, Etc  McLennan*  Mcf ecly & Co.  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vsmcouver, B.C.  Phone KK3.  A>A^A^lfAvyA'-A-'A^A'^AVAH/A^AWA'i''A^AU''A'^{'A'i''A^'A^A\l/A^^ASJ/A-^''^'^f  9  o  ii  ;t  n  ���it  ii  9  1  if  ii  n  w  if  I  Just as Easy f o Keej)  "Star" Enamels,  ������Star" Bathtub Enamel,  ��G" Varnish Stains,  " 6 " Stovepipe Enamel,  ��'G" Aluminum Enamel,  ������ 6 " Furniture Polish, ,  Ask for Alabastine the best  Wall Coating. '  -chairs, tables and woodwork about the house looking bright and new if you  use the right kind of Varnish Stain.  Stains and . Varnishes  with one application. ;  Anyone can apply it.  Vancouver Hardware Co.,  339 Hastings Street.  ����������������@��������������������������������������&������������������������������  CASCADE... I  ���������  " The Beer Without a Peer."  Brewed right here In Vancouver by men of yoars" and years' experience and ln a brewery whose plant Is the niost perfect known to  the art of brewlrig,-.ls it any wonder that It has taken a place in  'he hearts ot the people which no'other beer can supplant?  $1.00 Dozen Pints  $2.00   ������     Quarts'  Brewed by  | Vancouver Breweries, Ltd. g  Vancouver, B. C. .  and for sale at all llrst-class Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels.  MEN'S AND BOYS' HATS.  ' * " . '      ��� ' On ,   -  We are very proud of our slock of HATS just now. Of course we  aiu nlwnys pioud or it, but just now we arc, perhaps, u'bit prouder  because we do not remember when the Hat merchant was permitted  -to-have as-maiiy-btyles as the-mannufacturers-have elven us forthis  season. TJiat makes il possible to please all possible tastes. $2.30 and  $3,00 are popular prices, though wo have higher priced Hats if you  want them. '      .  JOHNSTON, KERf OOT ��> CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Truntt Store 127 Hastings St., Opb. Wm. Ralph's.  ���BBBBBOH  The ShfrtwaSsts  and BSouses   Unit   weie   carefully    sloieil  away last full will soon be In demand agnin.  They'll need laundering,  though.  Now Is tin; time (befoie the Inevitable 'big spring runh begins)  lo have, them done.  We nre specially prepared to  do excellent work In this line, and  now la a good time to test us.  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  010-014 Richards Street. T*l. Bi6  Branch oSc. lo Areed*  Tel. 1178.  Advert*), in TS*. iBdqpadtut,  0000000 ���^������������<����  + A'  U  II  tl  I  I  I  t I  ' I  ' I  ' r  ��� i  When ayes are round ' to bava  any delect, howovor, all(ht, taera ' ���  li but one thing te, do. Provide < I  glasses early. Have them examined i I  by .our doctor of, optica, Mr. Al- i I  Ian, and get mpair "to     fit you 11  U  il  t-   -    -         ���vwwvy       |   |  .Tke Jewelers and Opticians,'    ' n  \_,         l4��.C��^ev��nt.,.   . u  'ft'frfr^'H-   ,<$ fr ti ifl> ip'^ftAiifcj s  "froperly. AU work s**i����*teidr  DAVIDSON BKO&,  'fi  t tS  >l  ll  ���tii  i  ���t  "T&tZ���tWi (t7'?"iV*r-^rVl!*r?i*PTa** -r*N*f-^?*yyw'i  rjfcWnWKawWrT*")-"  wgawTWuaiffW^*'


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