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The Independent Mar 28, 1903

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 ,^r^K��ht5^isSKtiKialS;  legislative Lftoy Mar. Il\tt ',  tif\  I  V  \-\  THE  ROYAL, BANK  OF  CANADA  . . SAVINGS   BANK . .  A Gtasanl BaairiTig BusIbmo          TOr&sc&otod.  OFnCBB-H**tin����  Street," W.,  lf��Btmta��t��r A-reou*. Vmaoourar.  ���F0UKT1I YEAR.  6. c. mmm lo;i aid  SAYIM CO.  Autktrlied Capital ��� $M,OM,Mt  8abicrlbed Cipital ���  ���  1,6W,0N  A����eti Orer -   .   - .    3W,��M  HeadOAM.Ul CnmbUttewt,  YaneouTer, B. o.  VANCOUVER, Br C., SATURDAY, MARCH 28, 1903.  I     THE SITUATION AT MM.  (From Our  Own   Correspondent   at  Fernle, H. C.)  Confronted with the actual conditions  in the Fernle eoul regions, one tlnds It  .difficult lo reroncilejMr. Tonkin's,state:  ment appearing iu a lecent issue of the  Colonist, In vvhk-li thuit geiitlemnii poses  ns a; martyr to the tyranny "of'orgun-  '  IzmI  lubiir.   The cold fact's  und commonly expressed sentiment of this com-  niunlty.vliowevei', should leach the Colonist and other const Journals that it Is  criminal Injustice lo condemn the Fernle coal miner,oii the.testimony of his  master.    Avgllmpse,   at  Mr., Tonkin's  career as manager of the Fernle. coal  mines will enable readers of The Independent' to form a fair conception of  the actual fuels.   Mr. Tonkins assumed  control here just after the "disastrous  explosion, last summer,   ,in which  130  .'.lives'.were suddenly launched into eter-  ������; nlty���victims, It Isfbelieved, of the'man-  agement's criminal neglect.   With pub-  llc feeling strained to the,utmost tension,   and   while the miners were still  engaged In extracting the dead bodies  of their comrades from'the mine, Mr.  Tonkins announced  so low* as to practically preclude the  l>osatbllity of two certified miners working together, hence the system of miner  and .backhand or helper became the  rule, lhe latter receiving $2.60 per day.  The company furnishing the helper,  the miner,Iind no -authority to discharge hlni. Mi. Tonkin, In the Colonist, gives the'miners' average earnings  at from $90 to ($175-a'month, but omitted  to state thiit the 'following deductions  must ibe made, t'2-30 a day for Ills helper��� sometimes ,two of them���the cost of  ���powder,-fuse and sharpening tools.  Lamps, cotton a'nd oil were also  charged.up, and jinust be replaced and  deterioration in value made good. Company -employees m'ay borrow miners-  tools, and If lost or .broken the pilner  must foot the bill. 'Again a charge of  $1 a month,-or fie a year, is made for  the use of ' '.  A. Wash Room,  WHOLE NO. 157.  . 'An Increase of Half an Hour  In the working time 'Under ground,  which schedule It ls understood vvas Im-  mcd'ately applied, to the men engaged  ln the rescue work, followed a few days  later by ithe announcement of "a general  cut In wages. Such a'policy common  sense vvouid suppose must lend to serious filctlon, even under the most favoi able conditions,' but as if this weie  not enough, committees appointed to  wait upon' Mr. Ttinklns were, it Is  slated, treated with absolute contempt.  Goaded to desperation, even a worm  will Imn upon Its tormentors.jind what  luis followed Is bint the mutual result  of such a soulless policy, which here,  as In" Pennsylvania; has driven the poor  igiioiniit Slav, Italian and Doukhobor���  bi ought from the ends of the earth  vvith the. deliberate 'purpose of creating  a Hulid'of tongues, a conflict of nationality and disunity in ithe ranks of  labor���iuto".u solid; phalanx of unionism, Imbued vvith but?one determination, to light their tyrannical employers  To the Last Dituh.  Phe striko of last, bummer followed as  a natural consequence. Shortly after  a temporary suspension- of hostilities  wus.effected by the submission of the'  new" scale, ot wages and hqtirs, subject  to the following conditions: "It at the  endof: CO'da'ys ithe miners were not satisfied'the dispute was to-be submitted  to a referendum vote." In compliance  Willi this agreement the'miners returned to work under protest, and at the  expiration of the time speciiled demanded .that the vote ibe taken, The  manager, in compliance',with!this: demand, tui ned ithe company's oflice into  a polling booth. Two ballot boxes vvere  propared, Mr, Tonkin and,his assistant  superassuming the role of scrutineers,  one being stationed at each box,''noting  carefully the casting, of the 'ballot by  each miner for or against the manage:  ment's pet scheme.'  The Returning Officer  (Mr. Tonkin) announced the result to be  30 In,fa vor of the new, system and 132  against it, but assuming that some 110  nionfwlio declined to vote, -through fear,  no doubt, 'were vvilh lilm. the new system vvas declared carried. ;.This shameful peace of imposition,, as might well  be expected, "added fuel to the names  ot discontent, which expanded slill  more rapidly when a committee sent to  Mr. 'Tonkin lo enter a protest was absolutely ignored by the manager.7 Again  a committee waited ; upon'Mr,'. ,'i'onkin  to'ask permission to purchase a lot and  build a hull, which' request was arrogantly, .refused, and lhe men -were compelled lo'wallc three' miles Into the  wooiln tO'Uii old railroad camp to hold  their meetings. The unions were ..filled  witli-comp.iiiy spotters, and Mr. Tonkin' mnde no.secret of It (claiming himself to belong to the union). > The ofllcers of the VVcBtern Federation of Mln-  oi-H 'wore shadowed aiid ordered out of  town,-., and hotels and stores ordered  closed against thein. Committees sent  froni Michel to Interview the general  manager, after exhausting every effort  with the local management,"were  Discharged Immediately  after' their departure, and the.head oflice notified: to that effect by wire. Upon their arrival Mr. Tonkin ..would demand, vvho tliey were., "We have no  such men on our? books. .We-will treat  he -.,vvou1d  something unheard of in the managc-  |"-ment,of a mjne.   These are things, the  reader'.will readily see," Mr.'Tonkin has  entirely omlttod0in his statement, but  which,,cut,a- very Important ligure-In  the income of the   miners.   In   ��ome  cases, It Is learned, the miners' Incom  Iwas fentirely.wiped,out. ,The reduction  all round, ..since Mr.'":Tonkin   assumed  charge, your Correspondent was Informed by a very intelligent miner, would  reach nearly $120 a year to the ,average  miner. 'And from reliable: Information  obtained the average,,wage,''Instead:of  'being as Mr. Tonkin   puts   Its, $4.76,  would be much nearer $2.60 a day net.  The -cost pi living here ls fully 30 per  cent. Jilglier  than at    Vancouver.    It  will thus ibe seen that'for-an occupation;^ hazardous, the Fernle miner has  not the.'."bonanza" that Mr? .Tonkin vvouid  have people believe.   Again,, wages at  the 'coke ovens, where the work is entirely done by Slavonians and Dagoes,  will probably avei.ige nbout $1.75 a day  of  Ten to Sixteen Hours. - -  The men are exposed to the chilling  'blasts ,of winter and the sweltering  heat of suunmer, to whioh may be added0 thc Intense heat from ��� the ovens  when the coke is cooling.' (From a close  observation, it Is 'dear (i) that the  miners of Fernle have a grievance; (B)J  that Mr._ Tonkin's'.statement in thc  Colonist'Is greatly misleading; (3) that  the removalof the tariff on coal to the  American side, coupled with almost un-  parallclled prosperity In the past, and  the fact that a dividend, according to  their own statement, of 1ft per cent, was  paid during the lost year, the- mines  running tout half time, in addition the  stock in this company has risen during  the last 'five years from a few dollars  to In the neighborhood of the enormous  sum of $125 a share, tb cover which, by  throwing dust in the eyes of the public, a'watering process of several million dollnrs has been resorted to, all  of which amply  ' Justifies the Posltiop  taken by the miners against a reduction; and (4) tliat to the unreasonable  diplomacy and petty tyranny of the  manager, and not to the unreasona'ble  demands of the men, may be attributed  the ���present trouble.ln Fernle. The committees on the ground deserve the  hlg"hest praise of the public for tlieir  energetic work In trying to adjust all  these [grievances.  THE (I. B. ft. E. SriUKE.  .Ah we go to press there Is practically  nothing new regarding the strike situation In Vancouver. , At .the beginning  of the week Chas.-Williams, one of th'e  strikers,who got on the train carrying  the three "substitute" sailors for the C,  P. H., und Induced'them not to go tb  work, was lined $60 by police magistrate Russell for "trying to 'have C. P.  H. conduct their business the way the  strikers wanted it,'��'and for trying to  compel men not to go to .work." Mr.  Williams handed1 a�� dodger to the sailors, Which read, "'Don't be a scab; be  a? man,  and contlnued.to suy to'tliem?  In tihe prese'nce'of thi C. P. R. officials  In charge of them, "Don't be 'a scab,  boys." This has aroused the union  men of the town.  -One Marvin, a "substitute'.'-clevk,-was  :flned.$10 for.? pointing, arevolver. at fa  striker, who was? doing" pioket?duty.  Marvin f swore, tihat Parker, .who Is a  union man, butted into'him and called  him vile names, and ln fear of being  setoipon, he pointed a revolver at him.  The'magistrate said he .would? Impose  the lightest penalty he could for? carrying a weapon. Scabs are protected by  law.  President pointed out to them that Ihey  would thereby be traitors to their obligation and fellow members, and would he  "scabbing"; llicy agreed with this, Iiut  still, pleaded for permission to work.  They have sinco returned to their former positions,  All the objections submitted by tho deserters are beside the question, and are  brought; forward nt this late date with  the,Intention of Justifying their conduct,  their attitude at this time being Inconsistent with tholr actons during the past  three weeks, and all their special pleading  Is simply a cloak to cover their behnvlor  All those signing the statement'.with one  exception took a vory prominent part ln  the. conduct of the striko and. their present action tends to lead, us to bellevo  that they, were playing.a deceptive game.  THE MINERS' VICTORY IN  P1UVAMA.  The headquarters of the strikers are'  thronged all day with the-strikers and  their friends. Just as keen Interes'. Is  taken in the strike now as ever, and" as  each day goes byt, those concerned' in  the-'strike' become firmer.! It Is true a  few deserted their: fallow-workers, but'  then there were always Judoses to contend with-in time of adversity: and war.  The .ladles, have opened a dining-room  where.any body In the strike .will be  fed and looked after. .'It may betadded  that the* dining-room is nol a rival in  business, but only for the accommodation of those out on strike, there being no charge made. ���   -  1 Eight  WENT (BACK. *  gentlemen"'went (. back' to  work, "and* Issued "a*:manifesto to -tlhe  public why they done so: They nre:  Fred. W. Sterling, chief cashier,'freight  office; Ellolt Haworth, cashier freight  office; John Ward, accountant, freight  office; E. V. DangeiUleld," chief clerk,  general baggage department; C. Mil-  ���lard, ticket" clerk, In charge of city  office; G. R. G. Bagnall, ohlefvclerk, depot ticket office; F. Cummins, passenger clerk,  WHY  CO-  only  with  our employees,  t v     , *      i  tell ithem. ��� Again contract prices were  NOT    TRY    BRITISH  LUM'BIA? ,  ���The-Ncvv- Denver-Ledge-thinks-thatr  tliere is abundant .'opening for Gamey  work In British Columbia, .where there  have certainly 'been very "fishy" gov  eminent transactions. The Ledge thus  expressesllself:? Ontario haa a'political  sensation.. Gamey, who represents  .Manlroulln,- got iip In thc house and  stated that he had been paid $4,000 to  support the Ross government. He ��� did  not say hovymuch he received' , for  making the confession,, but It'strikes  us Gamey might * do something out  west, as his price' looks ��� reasonable.  We call iilti-ntlon ito a new advertiser  In our columns ,tills, week, that of Geo.  C. Hamilton. Mr. Hamilton, late of  Winnipeg, has taken thc old established  Ice cream parlors, Carrall street. The  store Is ibeing refitted' nnd will be  stocked with the best In ���the following  lines: ; Ice cream, soft drinks,? candies,  cigars and tobacco, lea, coffee and light  lunches. 'A call Is respectfully solicited.  At theiB. C: Electric Railway' company's shops fat Nevv- Westminster the  first.of the new cars has been.'compile ted.'; Two others 'are.'now being constructed, one of (hem for Victoria., .The  ntvv.cars arei described as being equal  to those used In the best eastern services.  The Press committee of the strikers  on Wednesday, handed ..The Independent  the .following statement In reply, to the  document.issued by the C. P. R. clerks  vvho have returned to work:  In thc evening papers of Tuesday appears an article head "Ex-Strikers' Explanation," which has been written by  expelled members .of-fthe'United-.Brotherhood Of Railway Employees, with" tho  evident Intention, of misleading the public In nn effort to avoid the odium which  always attaches to, a person who returns  to work while a strike ls on, and ln  whicli ihey try to justify their position.  In reply thereto, we wish to say that a  strike cannot be ordered by the President, but may be agreed upon by a two-  thirds majority vote of the members.  Iri the? case In question four-fifths of, the  members of. Vancouver.- Division ?? 81, attended tho emergency meeting, and a  secret ballot was taken;'������: with the result  that the motion to cease work was carried unanimously,'and this action was In  accord^wIlhrthe'Presldent's^prevlouS-!!^"  structlons? and received his unqualified  endorsement immediately on his arrival  here.  The : action of the Vancouver Division : received the' unanimous' endorsement of the members at Revelstoke, Calgary, Nelson, Winnipeg and all minor  points throughout the Western portion of  the road.  Every honorable and legitimate  means to effect u satisfactory adjustment and avoid a cessation of work was  exhausted In an appeal- to Mr." Marpole  by a Committee of the employees, who  received, absolutely, no satisfaction,?bolng Informed Hint the policy of tho Company "could not be changed by a hybrid  organization which lmd for Its head a  d-��� scoundrel."  As was stated beforo thero was In attendance at this meeting four-fifths of  the total membership, who all voted for  tho cessation of labor, and the constitution states that it ls necessary to have  two-thirds majority before lt can be declared. It Is evident to every person  that the voto of the absent members  could not alter the result.  At tho meeting held on February 23th,  Charles .Millard objected to the action  taken, advocating delay, pending the arrival of the President. '  On; February 28th, at midnight,. Messrs.  Millard, Bagnall and ,Cummins called  upon.President,Estes,at his hotel, -and  begged   to   bo permitted to work.    Tbe  'ADJOURNED TILL MONDAY.  Victoria, IMarch 27.���The case against  strike -leader 'Estes,' vvho Is accused' of  Inciting the crew of the steamers Danube and Charmer to strike; and thus  delay the passage and progress of the  King's mails,   closed  yesterday afternoon���the last'wltness for the prosecution having told his tale of the workings of the strike.   The evidence given  before the police magistrate yesterday  was that of Vancouver men, two newspaper men of'tlie TermlnalCity; one of  fvvhom told of how Estes had spoken of  tying,up the��� steamer' Charmer before  he left Vancouver, and a telegram was  placed Jn evidence whlchhad been sent  to Winnnlpeg the day: prior to Estes'  arrival   here,    which   said   that   the  steamboatmen would go on strike on  the following day.   TheVancouver repot ters, S. R. Robb, of the World, and  W. F" Flndley, or the Province, both  told of Interviews with Estes regarding the strike, and Clarence Marpole  told of the.agreement made with.Estes  relating to the release of the tug' Czar  arid- barge Transfer,    which    were  to  carrycoal toffVahcouver. *" '    '  1 After the examination of several witnesses Mr. Estes was, called on lo say  anything he su  wished.   His   worship  followingi the usual formula:.  ���,"1 wilt "reserve iny1defence, yo'ur hon  or,-' was his only reply.  '(TheMefence belng-asked-lf theywish  ed to call any witnesses, said through  Mr. Robertson that they simply wished  to call, for ah'adjournment tiUf'Monday  next.       i * ���  i  'Mr. Bodweli suggested that some reason for an adjournment should be  stated.- ....  >Hls worship asked If the defence only  wished to consider their case; if so he  thought that an adjournment until next  day vvouid be sufficient.  IMr. Robertson said that in' the Yates  case an adjournment had been granted  for a .week without reasons being  stuted. *  His worship referred to Ihis records  and said that Mr. Robertson was correct.  Mr. Bodweli said that a bad precedent had been established andi the court  should .overrule it.  Mr. Robertson said; there -were reasons which ihe did not wish to slate  at this stage, i   -  Mr. Bodweli contended that the reasons should be stated in a7 general way,  There was no desire for expllcitness.  The reasons might be such as would  not appeal to?*iis warship.  It was pointed out that the prosecution could not be In any way prejudiced  and the adjournment was made till 2.30  on Monday. 'Several witinesses.brought  from_Vancouver,_subpocned_ by_the  prosecution, and Including .'Garnham,  Robertson and: Noonan, leading movers  In the U. B. R. B and B. C. S. S., were  not called.  LET THB LAWYERS IN.  To the Kditor el Thc Indifindint:  Sir,���It has been suggested by dlf  ferent union, men that It is the duty of  all the unions to endorse the action of  the. 'Longshoremen's union In refusing  to. handle unfair freight on the C. P.- N.  company's, boats to aid them financially  In their iflght for .what It Is believed ls  their legitimate rights. 'Already several  unions huve endorsed the 'longshoremen In their strike, and contributed to  the funds of the strikers, I would suggest that Inasmuch as the lawyers have  a union that a meeting of the Law Society be held at an early date for the  purpose of extending sympathy to the  oppressed freight handlers and that a  substantial! sum be voted out of the  funds of the society for. the purpose of  the strikers. THOS. GAIDSBY.  Victoria, 'B. C, March 26��� 1903.  NO JURIISDICTION.  Revelstoke, -B. C, March B7.���There  Is no allied mechanics', union In Revelstoke, the charter having been returned  [Continued on Page Two.]  The report of thc anthracite coal  commission, which was made public at  Washington last Saturday, shows that  it Is a sweeping vlctory'for the miners. Following Is the official summary  of the awards as prepared by the commission:  I. That an Increase of 10 percent, over  and above the rates paid In the month  of April, 1902, be paid to all contract  miners for cutting coal, yardage arid  other work for which standurd rates  or allowances existed at that time, from  and after November 1st, 1902, and dur  lng the life of this award. The  amount of increase under the award  due "under work done between November lst, 1902, and April lst, 1U03, to  be paid on or before June 1st, 1903.  Engineers.  II. That engineers who, are employed in hoisting water, shall have an in-  crese of 10 per cent on their earnings  between November 1, 1902, and April 1,  1903,  to be paid on or. before June 1,  1903; and from;and after April 1, 1903,  and during the life of the award they  shall have eight-hour shifts,: vvith the  same pay; which was effective In April  1902, and where they are now working  eight-hour shlftsthe eight-hour? shifts  shall ;have: an increase of 10 per cent,  on  the wages which were effective in  tlie several positions in April, 1902,  ��� Hoisting engineers and, other engineers and pumpmen,  other  than those  employed in hoisting  water, Who are  employed, in positions which are manned constantly,- shall:have an increase  of 10 per cent, on their earnings be  tween November 1, 1902, and Apill 1,  1903,  to 'be, paid: on or before June 1  1903; and from and after April 1, 1903,  and during the life of  the award, they  shall have iin inciease of 5 per cent,  on the rut^s of wages which were effective in the several positions in April,  1902, and in addition they shall be relieved from duty on Sundays, without  loss of pay, by a. man provided by the  employer to relieve them during the  hour's of day shift.  That firemen shall have an increase  of 10 per cent on their earnings between     November, 1902,  and  April 1,  1903, to be paid on or before June 1,  1903, and from and after April 1, 1903,  and during the life of the award they  shall have eight-hour shifts, with the  same; wages per day; week or month,  as were paid in each position fin April,  1903, and all emploeyes or company  men,ffother, than those for whom the  commission makes ' special awards,  shall be paid an increase of 10 per  cent.: on their earnings between : November : 1, .'��� 1902, and April 1, 1903, to be  paid on or before June 1, 1903, and  from and, after 'April 1, 1903, and during: the life of this award 'they sliall  be paid onthe basis of a"nine-hour: day  receiving therefor the sarne wages as  were paid in April, .1902, for a ten-hour  day. Overtime, ln excess of nine  hours in any day to be. paid at a proportional rate per. hour.  III. During the life of this award  the : present���; methods of payment for  coal mined shall bef adhered to : unless  changed by mutual agreement.  In all the above awards It Is provided that all awards like those made  shall be paid to the legal representa-  tlve_of_,tiich_employees_as-may_hava  died since November, 1902.  Arbitration.  IV. Any difficulty or disagreement  arising under this award as to Its Interpretation or application, or in any  way growing otu of the relations of  employees and employed which cannot  be settled or adjusted by consultation  between the superintendent or manager of the mine or mines, and the miner  or miners directly Interested, or ls of a  scope too large to be settled,- shall be  referred to a permanent Joint committee, to be called a Board of Conciliation, to consist of six persons appointed us hereinafter provided. That Is to  say, If there shall be a division of the  whole region into districts In each of  which there shall exist an organisation representing a majority of the  mino workers or such district, one of  said -boards of'conciliation shall be appointed by each of said organisations,  and three other persons shall be-appointed by thc operators, the operators  ln each of said districts appointing one  person. , '  The Board of Conciliation thus constituted shall take'up:and/consider any  question referred to lt as aforesald,-  hearing the parties to the controversy  and such'evidence'aB may'be'laid before It by either party; and any award  inude by u majority of such Board of  Conciliation shall bo final and binding"  on ull parties: If, however, the said  bourd is unable to decide any question  submitted or point related thereto, that  question,or point shall be referred to  nn umpire, to be appointed, ut'the're-  qucut of suid iboard, by one of the circuit, judges of the third judicial circuit  of the United States, whose decision  shall be final and binding in the premises.  The membership of said bourd shall  at all times be kept complete, either the  operators or miners' organization-having the right, at.any time wthen a controversy is. not; open, to change their  representation thereon. ^m<i , ���  At hearings ibefore said board tlhe parties shall be represented by such person or persons as they may respectively  seleat. '        '  >No suspension of work: slhall take  place, -by lockout or strike, pending the  adjudication' of any matter taken up  for adjustment.  Check System.  V. Whenever requested by a majority of the contract miners of any colliery; check welghmen or check ��� dook.-  lng bosses, or both, shall be employed,"  The waces of- said' oheck'Avelghmeii arid  check docking bosses shall be fixed, col-  ected aiMfpaid,by the miners in siich  nanner as the said miners shall by a '  majority vote elect, and when requested by a majority of said miners the"  operators shall pay t'he wages (fixed for  check welghmen and ' check docking  bosses out of deductions made proportionally from the earnings of said,  miners, on'such basis as'the majority"  of'.safd miners shall determine.  As to Cars, ��� '.  VI.   Mine cars shall   be   distributed '  among miners who are at .work, as .uniformly  and  as  equitably  as 'possible,  and Uhere shall be no concerted effort  on thc part of the   miners   or mine ���  workers of any; colliery or collieries to   l  limit the output of the mines or to detract from'the quality,of the.work, un- .  less such limitation of output be in con- *  formity=to -an-agreement'-between *an?"'  operator or operators and an organlza--"  Hon representing a majority   of said   '  miners In iis or their employ.  VII. In all cases where miners are  paid by She car," the Increase awarded  to the contract miners Is based upon,  the cars ln use, the topping required  and the rates paid per car -whioh were  in force on April 1��� 1902. Any increase .  in the size of the car, or In.the topping ���  required, shall be accompanied by pro--  'Portionate Increase in the rate paid per.  car.  Basis of. Wa��es. >   -  VIII.  The following scale of wages '  shall become effective April 1, 1903, and  shall affect all miners and mlne^ work-/  ers Included in the awards of the. commission:  " ,    .       .       .  .  The wages fixed in the awards shall   <  ibe the basis of and the minimum under- .  the sliding scale.   For each Increase of  6 cents in the average price of white'..  ash coal of sizes above pea1 coalfsold at  or near Now York, between Perth, Am-  "  boy-and Edgewater, and reported to the  bureau of  anthracite  coal    statistics,  above, say $4.50 per ton, the .employees  shall have an Increase of 1 per cent.  in compensation, whldb shall continue  until a change in  the average of said _  coal works af eduction or nn Increase  in compensation; out the rate of com-  pensiation'slialriri"no case be~less than-'  that fflxed in the award.   That Is, when  '  the price of said coal reaches $4.55 per'  ton, the compensation will 'be Increased   ���  1 per cent.,,to,-continue.until the price  falls below $4.60, per ton, vvhen the 1 j>er  cent, increase will cease, or until  the  -   . t  -  price reaches $4.60 per tori,- when an ad-,-  ditlonal 1 per cent, will be added, arid "  soon.    ' -..'I,--  These average prices shall, be-com-  ���puted monthly by an accountant, or .  clerk named by the circuit judge of the v  third judicial district:'and paid by the ~  coal .operators ..suoh compensation - as y  the appointing Judge may flx, vvhieh "*-'  compensation shall be -"distributed *  among the operators In proportion to *  the thc tonnage of each mine.     ��� .  In order that the basis may'be laid f?  for the successful working'of'the.slid- ;  Ing scale provided herein, it Is also >  adjudged and awarded.-, that all.- coal ,,>���  operating companies file at once with i-  the United States Commlslsoner of La- ���'?  bor a certified statement of the rates ?  of compensation,-pald^lnyejach occupa- "f  tlon known In^thelr companies, as thoy  existed on April 1, 1902.  Hi  ,   , ,No Discrimination  IX.   No iperson-shall,be lefuse^pem- ���?  ployment, lor Jnvany way discrlWrtsftSd'*'"  [Contlamd on Fa��p TfhmJ THE INDEPENDENT.  -���SATURDAY.'......  .MAltCll 2S. 1903  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED  WEEKLY   IN   THB    INTERESTS OF THE MASSES  BY  THK 1NDEPBNDBNT PRINTING COMPANY.  BA8BMMNT    OF      FLACK       BLOCK.  HASTINGS STREOT, VAN-  COUVHR,  B   C.  81IBSCI11PTIONS IN ADVANCU.  A week, C cents; month, 10 renl-i: thice  months, X cents; six months, GO cents;  one year, fioo.  part of the national genius to be devoted to national distribution? Is theie  any reason why millions :of families  should have too little, or barely enough  In a country which could so easll> pio-  duvc more than .enough for all?  EINDORSI'ID BY TIIE  TRADES 4 LABOR COUNCIL OF VANCOUVER,  TRADES & LABOR, COUNCIL OF VICTORIA.  VANCOUVER   BUILDING   TRADES  COUNCIL.  The Independent can always ba hod  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY MARCIL 2S, 190.1  c.The;March?number of the Railiii.id  Trainmen's Jouriuil contains an editorial article on "Labor Unluns ami ihe  Law" and deals with the cite of Wie  Tuff Vnle case ill England. This, article Is vvouhy ot cuiL-ful study by the  nieiiibers of the liiotlicrhood untl the  .same may be .s.ihl of the aitlele vvlilch  embodies a druft of the Luboi Aibilia-  lion Bill, 11XM.  "I'd mlhei be.i mangy dog without a  muster and keep coiiipany of my kind,  than to be a -scab," with the blood of  a snake, ithe heai t of a beast, and carry  my soul, like Pedio Gaicla, in my  pui he,"���Adapted.  VICTORY FOR TIHE MINERS.  We publish this week the avvauls of  the coal strike commission's report and  vvouid direct the attention of our leaders to It. The most impoi Unt thing in  Uhe award is the 10 per cent, inciease  in wages of the miners. Theie aie over  ���140,000 anthracite mineis of (Pennsylvania, and this means an annual Jnueuse  In wages of over $6,000,000. In the .sliding scale a minimum of ii 50 a ton Is  fixed. With white a-3li coal at t3.00 a  ton at tidevvatei, the inciease will be  20 per cent, moie in Wie vvnges of the  miners. The commission did not foi-  mally recognize the union, but the  awards of the commission aie In themselves recognition of the miners union.  Another important nw.ud is the one  iflxlng a nine-ihour d.ij vvith ten hours  pny diiectly to 90,000 men, and piacti-  oally all the other employees in the anthracite region will get a nine-hour  day. A provision i-s also made for a  ' board of conciliation. This will compel investigation of both sides, and  bilng miners ami opeiators into closer  relationship with each othei. The ieport also deals with child laboi, and in  all likelihood as a result of this a bill  will be passed by the Pennsylvania  legislature laislng the age limit at  vvhldh children may go to work In the  mines from 14 years to 16.  The Advance Advocate, the oigun of  the International Uiothei-hood of Main  tenunce-ul-Way Employees, contains  ai tides on "The Cost ol Living,"  "Echoes of the Coal Strike," and "The  Laboi I'lets," XX'e advise inenibeis, of  the biotheihood to give Uhese aiticles  their attention.  But one fail bigger than all Interests  the poor inan He says lo Uncle Sam  if .vour ni.iuufnc'uics alone amount to  more than eight liunilicd doll.us a yeai  for eveiy family In youi nation, how  happens il that my family, and millions  of otheis like tt, has so little���so much  less than eight liuiitUi.il ilollais a year?  You aie a poivciful giant in pioduction.  Can you not be a nieiulul giant ui dis-  tnbutlon?  THE U. II. R. K. STRIKE.  (Continued Irani I'ugo One)  A man vvho deserts his unioii In the  midst of a iflght is forever a social outcast,with his fellow men.  Pointing a revolver at a man only  costs $10. iLet all^lie woild know this.  Vancouver should be the mecca for gun  fighters.  The saddest spectacle that the world  can offer is that of a sweet, sensible,  Intelligent woman married to a conceited,  tyrannical fool.  to Ottawa lamest fMar-lmllsii), of  Vancouv-r, pin polling lo be the secietary of the Allied Melal Meuhuilcs'  union, has lailed in his attempt to persuade the helpcis hoip to secede fiom  the U. B. of R 10, every incmbci or  which oig.ini/.,ition aie now dctei mined  to show all snoli despicable effoils to  disiupt oui membcishlp will prove futile. Neithci Organize! Watson nor the  executive committee of the Vancouver  .shops have any junsiliclion at all ovei  the helpeis of Revelstoke. (Signed) J.  Thointon, manage!, division No. 97, U.  IS. ol iR. E.  The strikers heie aie as dim as ever,  though a few machinists have been  sent buck lo woik by Vlce-Piesldent  Holmes. This does not effect the situation, but ralhei* intensifies the fire of  unionism lo tight on till the U. B. H. E.  is a lecogmzed body on the C. P. R. It  might be added that the lound house  heie, formeily kept as clean as a pin,  is now In a wi etched state.  March  22nd,  the machinists  were or-  deied back to woik by their \Ue-pitsi-  dent, Mr. Holmes    A' fevv_or the^ men,  ten In number, resigned from.the U  B.  of R n, and icturncd ito work,   piessuie was bi ought to beui on thc helpcis also, but the;  icfused'to go back,  and aie now* inoiu   dctei mined   than  ever to stund shoulder to shoulder with  lhelr  brother  unionists  nnd light  the  bnttllc to a IIiiMIi.    The C. P. R. have  also brought  tin ee men fiom u Vancouver fcdeinl  union  to persuade  the  helpers heie lo go back to woik.   These  men weie biought heie by the C. P. lt.  on a pass, and they come without any  cicdentlals fiom  theli  union, und urc  heie merely as  tools In the hands of  lhe C. <P. 11. olllclals at    this    point.  Tlielr tactics are to coiner the helpers  sepeiutcly und bulldoze diem Into'going  back to woik.   But the helpers of the  Revelstoke shops uie good unioii men,  and know   too  niuoli to be  misled   by  tlnee such men as   lefened.   to.   The  union heie ls now on u (lim footing, despite all rumors to the contiaiy.   That  seveial  machinists  have returned    to  work does not effect us, because they  cannot as consistent union men woik  with  "scab" fhclpers,  so  the conipany  is still up against it.   The other day  two ollltials of the U. J3. R. R vvandei-  cd into tlie bar of the Union hotel quite  by accident,  of  couise, and  made an  inteiestlng discovery, which may probably tluow some light on tlie action ol  the   machinists   heie,    Vice-President  Holmes and auothei international union  olhclal weie having   iiuite    a friendly  chat along with   the mastui mechanic  and supei intetident of i'llls division.   I  don't think they weie drinking to the  success of the U. ii. ot R. E., no;*.yet  that of union piinciples generally, but  1 leave it to uhe general public to draw  then own conclusion from the Incident  as we have done.     J. THORNTON,  Manager Division No. 97, U. B. R. E.  Revelstoke, B. C��� Mnich 2ti, 1003.  94>���,.-94).+::ffQ.�����.,i4>$~-,^4i�� ��� ^4  See;  the Mat  Showing  Spring  Novelties  at  DRYSOALE'S  170   Cordova . St.,   Vancouver.  We reach wherever the malls' '  reach.  THE HUSTLING BOY.  Tliu aveinge boy ls a hustlei. At meal time ho liustles to get outside of  everything in reuoh, until the buttons on his pants are sti allied, lu the playground he hustles Into all sorts of fun,' and It becomes a question of how long  the scams of hla pants will eland. He hus ties ovcr fences, and up and dowu  tiees, and by the lime he Is hustled to bed 111 night It makes the average pair  of boys pants look sick. THK LION HRAND ls niadir for just such-boys;  they have double knees and double sea is, made from nil-wool cloth, sewn with  linen thread, nnd got up in a manner not equaled by any other oii the market. Once a customci, ulwuyh �� custo mur. I'i Ices 60c, 70c, ��, M.85, $1.00. Wc  are nolo agents for thlh celebrated bra nd.  CLUBB   &   STEWART,  Thi.ki-honk 702. ' 309 to 315 Hastings St. W.  <  ' ������������������������������ ��������������������0������������ 000000*  WHAT'S THE USE      '  9$. i^iij^fu^i .94*.-.4)9  ' Winnipeg, Maitfh 27.���Fiom lehable  infoimalion it is estimated that there  aie ovei 200 cars of fieight unloaded  at the sheds that should have been  handled 10 days ago.  Bx-Mnyor Andrews says: "We are in  It now, and vve Lave got to win, If I  vvere applying a condition to this  theoiy, I vvouid demand that eveiy  loyal citizen should endeavoi to; bring  lliis .sti ike lo a successful issue."  the unfair list, and I am quite satisfied  to let your readers be the judges or  who is fair oi unfair In this most un-  foilunate trouble, Theie lias been all  sorts of stories circulated around! the  city���one vvas to the effect tliat my  hands all walked out whon I got my  goods up from the gheds*. This is not  true; my tailois have not stiuck or  made any offer or suggestion that they  would. They are too busy to think of  the like, and if the mischief makers  vvouid pay more attention to their own  woik, their cmployeis, if they weie  any good, would be encouraged lo pay  them more than the union bill, as I am  doing. i *  MTHERSON THE TAILOR,  Cordova Street.  Vancouver, March 20, 1903.  of huriylng about buying Life Insurance ao many men think and "nay. At  lenst two strong reasons are: Oo od health ls uncertain; increased cost Aa  certain.  What's the uso of watting might better be saidl  UNION MUTUAL   POLICIES  may bo depended upon to protect throughout the varying experiences    of  human lifo, to faithfully guard tHa interests    of the    insured, and'to'be  promptly cashed when thoy become payablo.    Valuoa and privileges abound  anil   are   conveniently   available.  Detailed facta gladly furnished.  After threo years the Union Mutual Policies do not txcoina void by failure  to pay premiums, the Main Non-Forfeiture *iair without action of the  Policy-holder, continuing tho Insurance for a Specified length-of time  !������ Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo >  * PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  '    Call or write for particulars and plans  .Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W:, Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  COLIN CAMERON, Special Agent.    ���  090000+ 000000000+ 0000-000 +++++++<*���&4  CONVENTION DATES.  It's a pity our police can't Iind something else to do than continually aliening, W. B. Ross. Surely they are not  prompted by a desire to "get even."  A leading lawyer of the city informs  us thait it Is a positive scandal that any  magistrate should hold pcisons on sui-h  Information as Was chaiged against  three suilois iccently.  The "secessionists" should have kept  their names out or pi .tit. They have  made a mistake that they will icgict to  lhelr dying day. Rcmoisc has not sot  in yet, but it will, shoitiy.  The C. P. II. musn't Imagine because  they aie keeping President   Estes  In  Victoila   that   nt   will   effect   thc   Tight  hcic.   Thc stiikeis still continue to do  _busincss_at_the_old>t,ind, .  A scab: "I long for the my-tic power  'to coin sentences thut sear like sulphur flames from hot hell, and weave  of words a whip' or scorpions to lash  the .naked scoundrels through tho  world."  We are devoting all our genius, ambition, laws, tariffs, etc., tu the piomo-  tlon of production.    Is it not time foi  C. P. R   TO BLAME.  Calgary, March 20.���The Calgary Al-  bertan calls on tho 'C. P. n. to settle  Uhe sti ike.   It snys;  "It is time that tlie Canadian Pacific  Railway company took some action to  settle the piesent sti Ike. It'may be an  interesting game to attempt to kill off  new unions, but tlieie aie a few moie  people than the C. P .R. employees who  .ue Interested in it Thc public is somewhat concerned. The public aie willing  to wait foi a week or so for fielgJit,  for a week 01 so counts nothing in  freight, and to wait a week longei foi  goods than was expected is not very  unusual JJut thu week is up now, and  Calgaiy men hunts uie being ml vised  by Winnipeg houses ,'thnt wc aie unable to get n eight loi waul on account  of sli Ike, but will .semi it Immediately  the sti Ike is over.' Messages like Wiat,  which aie pouring Lhiousli the pnst,  bilng home to us thu meaning of this  strike, und huw mudi we aie inteicstcil  in it To uso n provincialism, thc C  P It. can't deliv'ci the goods Thc C  P. It. .icioidlng^to .ippenianccs cannot  deliver  the men .Thn_C._12_R._is_! c-  sjjonslble for tliu tie-up in .tiallic. The  fact thai thoy ,11c busily engaged In  the attempt to slnugliti-r a union is no  excuse. The merchants of Calgaiy aie  seriously emb.ura-sscil and aie losing  moiicy, and the C. P. R. is to blame."  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  FROM   RiBVELSTOKE.  To tin- Editor of Tin Imim-eiiiint*  Sir,���Thu llrfht roi life now being  made by the U. II. of R l-> in lii.yel-  sloke Is leaching a cilsls,    On Sunday,  0000000000��,90&000 00000 ���������������������������������  A  PLAIN  TALK  ABOUT   BUNGS.  Practically all the rings vve sell aio made right h^ie In oui own  factory. We have the whole history of each ilng enteied in ii spocial  book mude for tho puipo��e���a complete ipeord, rcnicmbei, nnd a  sketch of It as well. Each ring Is stamped ivltli n number. This number In entered In our ning Book, also description of ring, numbei or  stones, weight of each, from whom bought, when bought, the cost,  to whom sold, and the'data���all tlielnfoininlolii Is tnken down In  our private book. You'll know .tlien! when you buy a iIhk hero lhat  t It Is "TRORBY'S" guarantee that goes wllh it���not some foieign  ' manufacturer's. Should you ever be so unfortunate ns to lose >our  ring, you'll know also thnt we can give you rull p.n llculmt. foi advertising purposes���for Identification as well. AVe make a specialty  of making rings to order���any and every style���each is absolutely  guaranteed to be what wc say It Is.  |      GEO. E. TROREY,  |      Tbe Jeweler and  Diamond  Merchant     I  & rnC��R. GRANVILLE AND HASTINGS STREET.. I  t>   . WBetal W*Uh iMPtoter of thi C. P. B... 9  90fjf 00^000000000000 <&0i99l0090900G99&Q4>  t      MR. MACPHERSON SPEAKS.  To the Editor ol Tim Indeiendent:  Sir,���In  your repoit of the   Trades  and (Lalior council last, week you say  that it was reported that our shop was.  put on the unfair list because we had  hauled,goods from the C. P. R. while  there vvas a strike on of the freight-  handlers and  teamsters in    this clly.  Now, sir, this is what I call   unfair.  Those  four shops you  mentioned    as  being unfair are  just  as  good  union  men as the four that are said to have  refused to .patronize the C. P.- R.   Let  us -see how this works:   Speaking for  myself  I -have  only  to say  that  the  goods which I hauled vvere bought last  September and shipped over the C. P.  R. in the month of Fobiuary, und due  heie  before tlieie vvas any  talk of a  sti ike.    While , those other great and  good men weie moie   fortunate- and  hud   their goods  in i befoie  the  sli ike  began,   it   Is,   therefoie, >veiy   cosy  to  shout "Loid 1 am thankful that II um  not liku  Uml McPheison,  who   hauls  goods from the C. P. It. while a sti Ike  is on     why don't  he close his doors  .ind let us    have   .something   to do?"  Well   Huts lust what he would have  to'do il  he had no goods to do business with.   Now, what earthly bonelit  vvouid it hi- to the stiikeis to sec my  _wc>i knuni _VMilking_about?-or-do-thcy  vv.int them to go to work for the people  who happened  to  have theii goods In  befoie thc trouble started, und let me  close up?   Which is tlie f.iiiest piopo-  sition���for me to have my goods and  give employment to my hands, who arc-  all union men (and besides, who know  h.ivv to mind  their ow,n" business),  or  sny:   "Here, boys, Is five dollius strike  benolit, but jou must put those other  fellows on the unfair list,  so that vve  will get some tiade?" * I wish further  to stale that befoie hauling the goods  I  wont  to  see  the    president    of tho  tenmstera' union, Mr. John Kerr, and  told him thnt I had been losing business every dny  for ten  days for tlie  wnnt of goods, nnd, fui ther, that I had  n contiact wllh the city for police nnd  Ilicmen's sultH, and  Hint some of the  goods weient the C. I��. It. sheds, and  It ,wns  veiy' necessaiy  that  r should  have' Ihem.    Mr.  Kerr  replied  thnt 1  should be allowed to haul the goods.   I  then nsked lilm for a permit to give the  diayman to haul my freight.   This he  refused, saying that others vvouid want  the  same,  that'the  master    draymen  weie In bad friends, and It would make  trouble    I am credibly Informed that  Mr. .Kerr was himself hauling freight  'April G, Buffalo, N. V. Journeymen Bakers  and Confectioners' International.  April 11. Columbus, Ohio. Amalgamated  Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers.  April 14. Ishpeinlng, .Mich. Northern Mineral Mine Workers' Progressive Union ol  America.  April Ti. Milwaukee, Wis. Amalgamated  Sheet Metal Workers' International Association.  May 4. Wheeling, W Va. National Brotherhood of Operative Potters.  May 1. l'nwtuckct, R I. Amalgamated Lac c  Curtaid Operatives of America. '-  First vrcckln May. New York City. United  Hatters of North America.  May 5. Anderson, Ind. Tin Plate Workers'  Protective Association of America.  Mny 11.   Philadelphia, Pa Hotel and Restau-  "YantiKraploycs' International   Alliance,   and  Bartenders' International League of America-  May 19.   Indianapolis, Iml, American Fcdera*  tlon of Musicians.  June 1. 'Cleveland, Ohio.' International  Ladles' Garment Workers' Union.  June   1.     Columbus, 'Ohio,   Chainmakers'  National Union of lhe United States of America-  June 1.' Louisvillo, Ky.   National Association  of Steam and Hot Water Fitters, ,     ,  June 8. Philadelphia, I'a. International  Ceramic, Mosaic and Encaustic Tlle Layors and  Hel]icrs' Union.    ' ���      ���-  June 15. Minneapolis, Minn. International  Union of.Flour and Cereal Mill Employes.  June (15. Cincinnati,,,Ohio. International  Printing Pressmen's Union.  June 17. Philadelphia, Pa. International  Steel and Copper Plale Printers' Union of North  America: '  July 4 Lynn, Mass. Amalgamated Leather  Workers'.Union ol America.  July 13. Cincinnati, Ohio, Glass Bottle  Blowers' Association ol the. United Stales and  Canada.  July 11. Indianapolis, lad. Stove Mounters'  International Union.  July 18. Hrookl>n, N. Y. American Wire  Weavers' Protective Association.  July  21.   Philadelphia,   Pa.    International  Association of Marble Workors.  ���August"wr Iiidlaiiapolis7"Iiid~rUnltcif~(!a"F  ment Workers of America.   , ,     r  'August ID., Washington, 1). C. International  Btereotypcrs nnd Klccirotj pcr's Union ot North  America,  August 10. Washington D. C. Internationa]  Typographical Union.  August 17., Birmingham, Via. United Association of Plumbers, Ons Killers, Stoam 'Fitters  ���nd Steam Filters' Helpers,   ���  August���. Nuw York Clly. United Gold  Beaters' National Protective Union o[ America.  September 7. St. Louis, Mo. International  Brotherhood of lllacksiiilllis.  Seplcmbor 10. Sprlngflold, Mass. Tablo  Kmlo Grinders' National Union,  Bcptcmbor 11. Niagara Falls, N. y. Team  Drivers' International Union.  CORNER HASTINGS AND CAMBIE  - STREETS, VANCOUVER.  New, modern and strictly flrst-claus;  good samplo rooms; tree 'bus.* Week  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. m., lunch  12 m. to a"p. m., dinner, 6 to 8 p. m.  Sondnys���Breakfast 7, BO to 10.30 a  m., lunch 12:30 to 2 p. m., dinner, 5:301  to, 7:80 p. m. Rates f 2 and upwards  per day.-HAYWOOD & PRESCOTT,  Proprietor!.      ,  Meeting.  ;F. O. B.-VANCOUVER ABRIB, No. ��,  *, meets Wednesday evenings;'visiting  brethren welcome. Bert Parsons, W.  P.: J. G. Ure, W. S��� Arcade.  Tbe Douqall Mouse  310-312 ABBOTT STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Restaurant and Bar. Breakfast 6 to  10, merchants' lunch 11 to 2, 25c; dinner 5 to 8, 25c; "lunches put up; eost-  orn -and Olympian oysters; short orders -a ' specialty at all hours;  meal tickets $4; best 25c. meal hi the  city.     D. BURTON, Proprietor.      ; *   '  Ttof  E  810 SEYMOUR STKEET,  VAN0OU-  '  ' VER.  , ' v  i Having the only .up-to-dato grill room  <Ji British Columbia, which in Itself ls a  guarantee, of a first-class hotel and restaurant. Business Men's LUNCH, from  12 m. to 3:30 p. m., only 26 cents. '  THERE IS  of Fire or Injurv  Health when you use  the -.   -   '  ELECTRIC  '   -IS  The price - is now-  such that almost everybody can afford'it.  Once used, always  used.- Apply at Office of .  ,      A SCAII AT HKAKT,       .   ..  A traitor lo his fellows, a curie unto lils kind,  Tlie greatest loud tlml labor bears lu bmlj nr lu  iu I ml;  A drag on labor's progress, is SKbK personified  For ii piece or two nf sliver Ue has Ubor cruel-  lied.  Feared by fellou  workmen, bj  proper pride  Ignored,  He drags his slimy, putrid course by one and  nil abhorred��� ,  'Till Hell with Joyous Jibe and laugh,  Gully pens this epitaph:  "A tcab lie was at heart through life,  A scab at heart he died I"  CORNER CORDOVA AND CARRALL  STREETS, VANCOUVER.' >  Makes a, specialty of Dewar's special  liqueur, also Usher'a black label llrjliour  whiskey. Largo stook of. imported and  domostlc cigars. Finest, billiard , and  pool tables. R.     B.    MULL10AN.&  CO.', Proprietors.  ��������������������������������������  t:   GEO. HAY   :  A     Vancouver's ��� Pioneer    Clothes  JT      Renovator, makes n suit,new.  X Dyeing,and Repairing.  -*, 216J1AHHIK St., Vancouver .  LTD.-  Cor. Carrall and Hastings -'  '. Streets...     --  goooooeooeooeoeooec  DELICIOUS WINE  Madk Exclvsivkly fbom b. C. Fbuii.,  KRKSH GUT FlfOWKRS    UNION-MADJt  ��� DOMESTIC C1UAK8.    -  a trip around Iho  call on .  When making  Pars  W'lfe. ��|nrM>& Ilrockton Point  ��� �������� *��UIW��      Llghthouso  ooeesoeeoooeos  CANADIAN  ?-vv;Vf:?PA(Cf?'i?i;c:;f  and  Telephone 1���2���5 for a An�� livery  turn-out. j. j, Sparrow, Palace Livery  Stables. ,    . .'  .1.  tojand from .the C. P. R. .up to that  time.  1  This Is the way I got put on  J. A. Davidson,, corner Cambie and  Cordova Sts., is the place where you  ���ret your hair cut in an artlstlo manner.  SOO  PACBfIC  LINE  World's  Scenic  LOWEST RATES.  BEST SERVICE  Train  IC  , - Works  Importers and Bottlers  GORE AVE. ' 'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGBNIS.  Transcontinental . Passenger  leaves dnlly at H o'clock.  Seattle and Whatcom Express leaves  dally  at 8:00 o'clock. '    '.  STEAMSHIPS TO JAPAN AND CHI-  NA.  EMPRESS OF CHINA - ,  EMPRESS OP INDIA .  TARTAR'_    ... DEC ��� 1 ���  . ...DEO.  30  ...JAN.   13  TO HONOLULU,  FIJI ISLANDS  AND  ' AUSTRALIA.  S.S.     AOKANOI   S.S. UOANA 1  MIO WERE ._' _^ _ "'  DEC 12  ..JAN 9  -FEB.   S  And every, four weeks thereafter.  ' Por full partlculare aa to time, rate* *  etc., apply to  BLJ. COTLB,      -       JAB. BCIiATHRr  Ticket Agent,  m Haattajw Dt ���<  Veaoouver. B.O  -A. S. P,X  Vanoourer, a O.  1  ���5f rfZRK;��r^5SffiJSiSB  SATURDAY MAROH  28, 1903  **���*" r ^^^"****^w���*���i^^s^*^B*s^^^^^���i*u.^m^zr"'."-"  Our Victona Budqet  BV   Dili.   Slum    **_- ��. ^"^  THE INDEPENDENT.  By Our Own Corr��s|��n(Ient.  'Pile  LAIJOIUSIIS' UNION.  Laborers' Union held its regular  ineellng on Friday, t'he 20th Inst., und1  the lmge hull wus well filled. An old  (line icvivul in the niiuttcr of the Inltla-  I'on of new nicnilbors Is again on deck.  mun, and he bribes that man In order  to 'persuade hlni to betray und swindle  men even poorer than   lie   who have  Ithe unjust system of which he is as!one of the best union men In the coun  j much the victim us his humblest ein-lli-v im- ��-  ployee. In reply to references In connection with the trouble nt Fernlo'and  on the,Island, It is /nlr to state that  had faur local government been prompt-  cd by 'humanity, us' lt is staled the  American government were In remoy-  Our Victoria Advertisers,  Mr. Jones Ih afient for T,  7^��^��mtop��parodllt8eIIl  " l�� r��<elVU ���""-���rlpiion, and ad-   In YtooM'^'^ "^ *, ******* will reve,l to trades unionists  will nXr^lvVovo���^" Wh,��are ,n vactleal ^ch  with, them,  and they.���  -       "*-tura"> govenn themselves acco rdlngly In malting purchases.' " '.  vcntlseineht.s  man's paper  -->,   ......    wu.  ror   "Us,   Hie   working.  u ��� ��w.f itviu wm,'t  trusted to his honor.   If a labor ..leader hIlve been kept In a safe  Is bribed occasionally, thnt'faot has no  the  bearing whatever on the merits of the  The  Queen's  hotni  lng the duty from coal, the mines would I-"IJOImson   * t-0rne*- ��f Store  condition lifter  street, bears the union In  bcl.   The presence ot such notable  rui-nty-suven new members have slg- I labor union ayatem.   it "simply oroves I 'If" a"d OTert0d that *wful otaatro-  and IPrcsldent Estes   of .th* rr  "" -    " W did not need provlng-thafther!'P a'S�� ^ Pre8ent troUb'CS now ' '  -Ay-  nlllcd their Intention of joining the  union at the next meeting. Preparations aie complete for an entertainment  to <be given by the union In April.  Ii. Cf STEAMBOAT ASSOCIATION.  The strike of the IBrltlsh Columbia  Steamboat Association Is atlll on,7and  tho union holds meetings dally, the attendance being veryflarge.   The mom-  ,bers are exceedingly hopeful, and the  congratulatory   letteis    received,    together   with   substantial     assistance,  clearly pioves that many of the business men aie In sympathy with them.  One gentleman,  are some very contemptible curs among  the prosperous respectabilities who denounce union' labor for selfish, motives,  and occasionally bribe Its representatives through criminal? Instinct  facts had   been  duly laid before I *>nalltles as the Rev. Fa^H���  lawful catastro-' and ">-������.���-��� - - ����*i.ny  int troubles no iv  on.   The men -have been forced to ef-  ESTES AT. VICTORIA.  -J  On the evening of the 21st of March  Piesidcnt Estes of the U. B. R. E., addressed a very large and representative  fectually organize internationally. The  "wrongs Inflicted by British Columbia  employers" have been resented by our  own sense of right as a-people, but  which our laws either cannot .or will  not remedy. With respect to our "Canadian workingmen being a huge con-1  glomerate mass of putty" and that their  [action Is having "the effect of a slow  R.  audience in the Institute hall, on behalf of the members of the B.' C. Steamboat union.0 His highly Interesting and  Instructive remarks were enlivened  besides a substantial Isomouluw by brief, logical and catchy  ���nf" <���* *������-   " ���    *   anecdotes'1 andi elicited great applause.  He .descilbed the evolution of the  trades'un'on and distinctly pointed out  che absolute necessity of politics entering the  union���not paity politics, but  I  cash present placed at the disposal of  'the membeis sevcial well furnished and  comfortable rooms free of charge, and  .i promise of fui ther assistance until  tlie* termination of the ' piesent   dim-      ���          cully.   Anolhei business man also fur- f pontics ofTcharloter'That ^MM^  ^siZT^T    "eWSI,ttI,Cls'  '��tc.,m the working man.   He suppo.ted his  and  substantial   cash assignee.    All I contention by Illustrating the trickery  of party politics as applied to the recent strike ofthe street car men-of  San Francisco, and clearly described  what working 'men  may expect from  parties.  A communication was received from  the Cigar iMakeis' unioii   of Victoria  the unions will assist no doubt, and nl-  leady steps aie being taken  to Inau-  guiate a belles of entertainments, the  proceeds theieof to be given to the he- -  ������ -'   "'"  roes who arc participating In the pre- j either of the dominant political  llmlii.ity skiimish  of the gremt battle  that has  been Inaugurated by capital  ��� ug'ainst  International  organized labor.  Oii Tuesday, the 23th inst., the B. C.  Steamboat Association signified their  intention of affiliating with--the Tiades  und .Labor council and elected four  delegates to lepiesent them in ^he  council. The union nunibcis ovcr 360  men, and will be a pleasing addition to  the la-boi parliament, and a source of  great strength to themselves.  poison and.eating away, their national  vitals by. sa/pplng the industrial foundations of their country," I beg to fetate  thait- It Is ��� either, selfish or uninformed  men like the writer In question, who,  like putty, -have been at all times pliable In theVhands' of the corporation to  act as'their Instrument in acquiring and  contiolllng for the benefit of the Individual that which should always haw  been for thc 'benefit of r mankind.   It  would be well for all to learn-that ln  rectifying' wrongs of longstanding, disturbances, will follow In proportion to  the opposing forces.   Let "0."B. C." go  to work digging icoal in ithe lowest level  of a dusty mine for one shift and hear  pointed out   by experienced  men  the  dangers hanging over their heads.   Let  hlni go to work Cor a. month on  the   B. of  B., should satisfy all union men  visiting the city of Victoria that the  Queen's hotel Is O. K. The conveniences are all that could be desired, and  the genial proprietor Is ever ready.to  gratify the desires of his patrons.  ��cfoiiY IH  PEISYmii.  ���'.'��������� [Continued from Fogo One]  THE QUEEN'S HOTEL  J. M. HUOHiBS, PROPRIETOR,  Corner of Johnson and Store Streets,  Centrally located'   and!   all conveniences.  Terms W per day and upwards.  Free Bus.    ' ���'    .        ;   ,   Telephone.  and read.to the audience by Mr. Smith I T'0" a"d try t0 keep a family on *-���*>"  .i.. ...... ���.-_    Th^ -acllon of tte '   aMowance * corporation may be tree to  �� rihi��� ���f .hf, tt  r,  ^ |.offer'   Let hfm S�� the rourids ln'We'ry  i  \-  BRIBING LABOR HEADERS,  It is a noticeable fact thait those who  dislike laboi  oiganlzatlons and detest  labor leaders find a great deal of corn-  font lu quoting one particular   statement.   When they have ventilated tlielr  eloquence as to "the right of every man I  ito earn n living," when they have real  ly demonstrated the God-given right of  capital to double Its stook, when they  have dilated at length as to the utter  helplessn'3S of labor to get along without capital,.they usually conclude by  positively asserting that they know of  labor leaders who have been bribed.  It  is Hue that labor lcavlers have   been  known fo lake bribes.-  The labor leader Is as a rute an energetic   workman,    unusually   popular,  tiusted by his fellow-workmen, and on  the whole is an excellent representative  of the men for whom ihe  labors, and  by whom he Is trusted.   His salary is  exceedingly smdll and'his'responsibilities   aie   laige.     Unquestionably   the  avei age of honesty of thc labor leuder  is as high as that of'any class of mon  in the counti y. at is known that judges,  mayors, goveinois, ofllceis In the army,  many policemen, Aome ministers of the  gospel, a "gieat many Journalists have  been tutbed.   II Is known thut In eveiy  line of   human    icsponslbllity   bribe-  have been otlcied, that they have some  times been accepted .ind moie often le-  lused.   K is>, of couise, ceilaln thatja-  bor lc'adeis  have taken    bilbes, ..thai  judges have taken them and that scuv-  engcis have  taken thorn.  -JJtit what "has lhat to do with the'  cause of oiganlzed labor? Incidentally,  Hhat of the man who bilbos thc labor  leader.' He is unquestionably a Hch  man, a respectable man, who is considered .fortunate.'. Yetjie/uses^hjsjrone'y,  nliT lllgotten  galns,_ to bribe a poorer  the chali mail.  In endorsing the strike of the U. B. R  E. and the B. C. Steamboat union of  Viotoiia,,und placing the C. P. R. and  C..P. N. on the unfair li-st, was received  with  vociferous applause."   Similar  action  will,  no doubt,    be taken    by  other unions at their regulai meetings.  ���Mr. Estes stated that he would again  addiess  the Victorians    providing,  of  couise,  that  he" was  not Incarcerated  in the provincial jail.   A.plea for assistance on   behalf   of   the   striking  steamboat men was well received and  a' satls4iotory collection was made.   A  vote of thanks was tindeied to    Mr.  Estes, lalso to flic C. F. R��� for being the  means of bringing among us such an  'eloquent1 and instructive educator. The  meeting adjourned with a. lousing cheer  for the speaker.  CAPITA1L AND LABOR.  ,To the Editor ol The Independent.  -'Sir,���A cry'Is being raised ", at1 the  piesent time .against" intei national affiliations of unions of Canadian workingmen. - It seems to me that there is a  peculiar Inconsistency in this case on  the "part of those' 'who  raise  the objection, which is that no exception is  taken at, any time to international af'  filiation on the part of employers, capitalists or .monopolists.  There is no unfavorable comment made on the part of  Canadian industrial    institutions   and  Canadian natuiol resources being own:  ed and conti oiled in whole or In part  by foreign   corpoiations. .More  'than  that, those whovare raising the'ery today make no objection to foreign labor  being Imported   with   the   object   oi  bribes I s*ai vlns Canadian workmen Into submission in case of a dispute with their  Canadian  employe! s.    I question   the  sinceiity of the objections made ngalnst  Intei national affiliation of workingmen.  I do not think any objection would be  made by the parties now objecting if  international affiliation was looked upon'as a source of weakness to'tuie- labor  movement. My idea Is that the present  ciy agaiu.Mt international affiliation, and  all the nonsense, of international: hatred  Uigtjsjmlxedjhijivlthjt.jvvould not be  department  of labor" In like  manner,  then after learning the wants and Requirements of these men, any advice he  might feel disposed to give to those who  toll would no doubt assume a different  aspect fiom  his last   effort.   No, thc  present international    movement  Is a  case of the men building   wiser   than  they1 know;  for' which all thanks are  due to thc corporations solely responsible for the same.   Hitheito the money  power has arrayed nation against nation in bloody war to provide a market  for accumulating millions.   The workingman Is Ieai hfng where he gets off at,  and when once internationally organized will want to .know what the fight  is about.   It will disarm the nations,  and set all men to work helping to produce what Is required for use, ,whlch  will mean a shorter work day.    That  the*people may receive the full benefit,  the tools of production, means of 'distribution -*nd'< the resources will foe'acquired., back by the people, the rightful  owners. 'Now'If the1 people,will%think  this matter out wisely they will see the  trend of coming events 'and'follow^the  line of least resistance,   Whait are the  business men now struggling for existence going ito do abou't'lt? .It rests with"  you to say what legacy "bur   children  shall be left witb.    If you shut your  against on account of .membership, or  non-membership, In any labor,organization/ and -there shall be ho discrimination against, or. Interference .with,  any/employee who Is not a member .of  any labor organisation by members of  such organization.  X.   All contract miners.shall be required to furnish-within a icasonnble  time before each payday, a statement  of the amount of money "due from them  to their laborers, ami .such minis shall  be deducted fiom lhe amo-.iit due the  'contiact miners and  paid  directly  to  eaeh laborer by the company.   ..li employees   ,\ hen , paij shall be furnished  with an ,'temlzed statement of account.  For Three Tears.  XI    The awards herein   made shall  continue in force until March 31, 1906,  'any any employee   or group   of employees'violating any of the provisions  jthereof shall be'subject to leasonable  'discipline by the employers; and, further, the violation of any provision of  'these awards,  either   by employer or  employees, .shall not Invalidate any of  'the iDrovlsIons thereof.  Recommendations.  , The commission also makes a number of recommendations, wliich may be  summarized as follows;  ��� The idiscontinuance of the system of  employing the "coal and Iron police,"  because this force is believed to have  an irritating effect, and a resort to the  legularly constituted peace authorities  In case of necessity. '  A stricter enforcement of the laws in  relation to the employment of children.  1 That the state and federal governments sbould provide machinery for the  making of a compulsory Investigation  of difficulties, similar to the Investigation wihich this commlsslon'has made.  No Compulsion.  NATURE'S GIFT  Hair Is nature's gift and there Is  something.wrong when lt falls out. I  Bell a preparation tliat will remove all  evil causes and make the hair giou  strong and vigorous.  ft. 1. itIATTHEW'8 SHAMG PAltLORS  101 Douglas Street.  ...J. T. JONES...    ,.  Empire Cigar Store  Free Reading Room end Head- *  ' quarters of the Laborers'   ,f,  ' ���  ' '   Protective Union.  105 Dougliis'Street, Opposite Labor Hall  VICTORIA, li. C. ���;���  'I* Old Curiosity Shop  148 Yates Street, Victoria, OB. C.  All Mnds   of  furniture   bought and  sold.   Anything you desire and do not  see please ask for it  Vancouver Union Directory.  THE  VANCOUVER TRADES AND, TEAM  Labor Counoil meets   first   and third  Thursday in each .  month, at 7.30 p.m  President, W. J, Lamrick; vice-president  Geo. Dobbin; secretary, F. J. Russell  aticlal secretary, J. L  yff  Uliey;  tin-  ���, ... mm. xMiuey, treasurer,  Af' N. Harrington; sergeant-at-arms,- 31 C.  Kerr;. statistician, J. H.f Perkins; trustees,' Messrs. Pound,- Cross and Thompson; ezeoutlve committee, Messrs. Georg*  and Oothard.  JOURNB1TMHN BAKEEMI"'AMD   CON-  I  FWCmONFSRBf, International Union. of  America,  C,  tfif.Mi ic?; Tr-_"tt4 union  ����.    **!?�������� Vancouver  &3f��3��SgiH|&j^��s&fl3ffie  DBIIVHHa' INTERNATIONAL  UNION, No. 408-Meets lst and 3rd  Wednesday In each month In Union Hall.  President, J. C. .Kerr; .vice-president,.,S.  Cawker; Bcc.-treas., D. Mclver; rec'sec,  B. Bridge; correspondent, P. Topham;  warden, A.f B. Soaper: conductor, J. Little; trustees, C, B. Hlgglnson, R. Haywood and A. Robinson; delegates to T.--4  L. Counoil, J. J. Harrison, A. E. Soaper,  Geo. Dunlop, J. C. Kerr and C. B   Hlg  glnson.  INTHRNATIONAIi BfiOTHBRHOOD OF  Eleotrleal: Workers. ; -Vancouver t^cal,  2160  1    , ..y "' e*e.  _    v    _..���..   w   ffWft.    fill'  =-V ��. maent,  A. McDonald;, ylcerprealdent,  J.  West- Dubberley; recording  'secretary,   S  W.    Huston; financial secretary, H. V. Ran-  nvrtauSRS'     UNION,  No   106���Meets INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLAOK-.  every 2nd and     <th    Thursday in each SMITHS,  Vancouver Union,  No.  l��0l.���  month in Union Hall.   President,  R. N. Meets the first and third Monday in each  Hogg; corresponding secretary, Wallace month.���� �����.������.�����--������  Sharp,' 1119 -Richards St.; financial secre-  tary, iMr. Lee; treasurer, F. Young; delegates to Trades and Labor Council,  Messrs. Hargle, Coltart,' Lee and; Hogg.  WAITERS AND- WAITRESSES' UNION  - Local No. 28: President, Charles Ov.r;  vice-president, A N Hornngton; seer*  tary-treasurei, J. n Perkins, recording  secretary. Miss A. Scuitto; Pres9 agent  W. Ellender. Meeting ev.ry second Prl  day evening at 8 30 o'clock in Union  Hall,.corner Homer, and Dunsmuir.street*  .....    .f~..HB.J     III    CUUII  month at Ip. n., In Union hall, Homer  street.- President, Ai A.; Bigg, vice-president, G.'W. Smart; financial secretary,  Chas.'McAllister; recording;secretary? D.  Robinson, box 37, Vancouver,.��. C.;.delegates to the Trades and Labor council,  William Latham, <D. Robinson, H. Howard.  BUILDERS'  LABORERS' .'FEDERAL-  UNION, No. 32, Vancouver.���Meets, every 2nd and 4th Thursday evening at b  o'clook,-ln:room No.'lUnkra Hall. -PreeI-'  dent, J. Sully; vloe-preoident, W., Lyons;  seoretary, H. Sellers;   treasurer, J. Cos-    I grove; warden, H. Chapman; conductor,  JOURNHTiMElN-TAILORa' (UNION 'OF \ R. Harrison:, ihlmi��. fc.-n�����.��--  -   -  America No. TIS. ��� Meets lst -and "  Mondays in room.No. 1, Union Ball.-Pre-  sldcnt,' C. L. Wlielen; vteo-prealdent, 3  T. Mortimer; recording secretary, F.  Williams, 1814; 7th avenue, west; secretary -(treasurer, J. Savage;' sergeant-at-arms,  Ii. ,'Brazeau; .delegates,to Trades & Lz-  bor Council, F.: Williams and J. T. Mortimer. '      VHW1>fffuff,wjtu,uoivr  ���  Harrison; itelegates to Trades & la-  3rd  bor Ctoundl, J. Sully,  "   ~  TEXADA MINERS* UNION, No. IIS, W  F. M., meots every Saturday at 7.90 p  m. In Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, J  W. >, Austin; secretary, Alfred Raper,  treasurer, A. G. Delghton; conductor,  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patter-  G, Payne. J. Cos.  ���.���,., oufu xv.' narnson; delegates to  Building' Trades Council,:"J.''.Sully and J.  ���on:  eyes  to the  The commission' expresses the opinion  that with a few modifications the federal act of "October, 1898, authorizing a  commission to settle controversies between railroad corporations and other  common carriers,  could  be  made the  CHJARMAKEOaS' UNION , NO. 8CT.-  ���Meets the first Tuesday In each month  In Union'Hall.' President; G. Thomas, Jr.;  vlcenpresldent,. J. Crow, secretary, j. C.  Penser, c|o Mainland    Cigar    Faotory;  I treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  anms, D. Mbrrlsey; delegates to Trades  and Lalbor Council, J. Crow,"G. Thomas  and O.; Mattlson.  VANCOUVER TTPOGRAiPHIOAL UN--  ION, No. ZX, meets tho 4th Monday In  each month ait Undon Hall. President,  W. J. MaoKay; ^vice-president, <Gs B.  Pierrot; secretary, W. H. Bunt, P. O.  box' 69; treasurer, John "Watkins; sergeant-at-arms, Jas. Webster; executive  committee, H. W. King, Robt. Todd,  Ralph Wilson, A. W. Ftaibow; delegatee,  to Trados & Labor Council, Robt Todd,  Geo. Bartley, Harry Oowan.   .  -       ���   '-  -. ^.- ��-ul fiiui fbasis of a law for arbitration^In the  3 evidence before you ,the ^nti|,racj"te coai min|ne hu*inf.��= -pV/.  ' uiir f>nn��   !>-��� "'  TKE   .RETAIL   CLERKS'    INTERNA-  TIONAIL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION hn   .������..   r."nr���;"��irrw"^'^S^  meets .in  0\Brlen's Hall,   the  first and 5,or Ooundl, B. MaxshaU, F. C. O'Brien,  third Tuesdays of   each   month.    J. A Geo- -Lenfesty   A    T  wm��� -~* -���  STREE5T RAILWAY MSN'S UNION��� ,  Meets,second and fourth.Wednesday '  of eaeli month In Sutherland. Hall, corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings  Street at .8 p. m.   President, Jas. McGuigan; vice-president, A. G. Elliott;  secretary, ,M.i A. Beach; treasurer, W. ���  H.    Vanderwarker;    conductor, -  H.  Kowes; warden, G. .Martin; sentinel,  D. Smith; delegates to Trades,and La-  . _    .       month.    J. A.  Murray, president;  W. J. Lamrick, secre  tary, 248 Princess street.   .    -  ALL. UNION MINERS  9��0o9<  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  e  e  SHOULD WEAR THE f  sjf9i T 11 |V  t  Xm$$$X��..  f Specials-Miners" Over-  f ������   alls, Junipers and  J ; Smocks. -/  0  9  9  advanced if lt was not felt that wJtli  international affiliation  the   working-j  men are in a better position to get ithelr  rights  than without it.. I-believe the  workingmen of British Columbia are  capable and ready to conduct the af-  falis of their unions   and  the   labor  movement generally,  and : that    they  know their business well enough not to  allow any clap-trap talk to.obscure the  object of united labor, namely, that of  heading off thc industilal slavery that  Is bound to be t'he leMilt If ithe present  policy of subsidized monopoly, is allow  cd to continue unchecked.  OIUt'ISTIAIN aiVBRTZ.  . Victoria, March 25, 1903.'  co-operation'  you of your customers and give you  moie time to.think over these matters  tlian you now have.  The.concentration  of the pi ess has'already'been announced by_Muii3ey, und thc now proprietors  told that they .will be  better working  for wages, tis the present economicsys-  iteiTi"not already gone to seed? ,.TVe are  at the end of another rope and soon to  b'egin  another.    The  medium    of exchange will boon  be in the   hand of  Morgan.   Chinamen aie doing tbe work  of the wemen.   The women to live are  doing that of men at lower wages, so  the great army out of employment cannot mate as natural conditions would  requlre^andasa^result^you'must haye  universal prostitution" and  Illlgltlmacy  or decrase in birth   rate.   It is most  criminal for men 'lu better - circumstances to seek to force ithe retention  of present unnatural and wasteful conditions, y W. 3. LQDINOHIAM. '  Victoria, March 23, 1803.  BROTHERHOOD  OF   PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS,   Local   Union   No. 188  The I Meets 2nd; and 4th Thursday':in  Labor  ,  ,   -    i ,      ", "."j" '"'"  anthracite coal mining business  trusts  soon  w 111'open   them  for  you.   commfsslon, however,  tak�� a decided | ��5   ,����SS!*r B  Industrial   co-oneratlon ' will,  deprive  poaK,on agaInst  compulsory( .arbitra  tlon.   On "this 'point .It adds 'aulte ,'a.  ^engthy commentary,  whlchtlcloses in  If you want anything In the shape of  a, good bargain or a good story, call  on Mr. P. O'Connor, at the Old Curiosity Shop, 148 Yates 'street, 'and there ia  no doubt you will receive both.'  the following language:  The chief benefit to be derived,from  sthe suggestion herein made lies in placing tlhe real facts and the responsibility  I for such 'condition authoritatively be-  1 fore the people, that the imbllc opinion  may crystallize and make Its power felt.  Could such a commission as that sug-  II.. . ,       ,  gested have ibeen brought Into existence In June last we believe that (he  coai famine might have been averted.  Certainly the suffering and deprivation  might haVe been greatly mitigated.  yiork ot Review.           -jThese awards'andTatiflcatlons constitute the closing part or the report. The  earlier pages, anld ^by long odds the  larger' portion of the report, are devoted to a review of the controversy  which led to the present action in appointing a commission, to the appointment Itself "and to the'proceedlngs of  the commission f.diirlng its   existence.  Holland; '��� vice-president, W. Halliday; reconWrcg secretary,'  B. Crush, TOT Eighth, avenue, west;flnan-  cial secretary, , A. Gothard, , 822 Howe  street; treasurer, H. MteSorley  .Lenfesty, A. J. Wilson end Jos.'  McGnlgan.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL. Union, No. 120-Presl-  dent, B. Harpur; .vice-president, J. Gil-  man; corresponding-financial, secretary,  T. A. Stewart, 442 Hastings S.t.,B,;,recorder, W* L. Ayleswofth; treasurer,  G. Bower; guide, W. Bushman; guard-  Ian, O. E. Jacques; delegates to T.& L.  Council, E. Harpur and J.,A. Dlbdea.  Meets first and .third Wednesdays.; mt  each month In'Union Hall  INTERNATIONAL , ASSOCIATION  1 ot Machinists.���Beaver Lodge, No.  182.���Meets second and fourth Mon.  day In each month in- Union hail:  President,   Geo.   P.   Downey;   past  president, J. R. Edwards; vice.ptes-, _, ^ , ���- "*"-"* l-"**-"fry  ident H. J. Littler; recording secre- second and fourth Wednesday ln Union  tary, J. H. McVety; financial  secre- ] halI> ro<m> %   President, A. B. Coffin;  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  tary, J. Anderson.  AUXILIARY, NO. 1, LOCAL 313, I. B.  "<Fi. W. Telephone Operators���President,  Miss < 3. fHunter; 813 Homer Street; vice-  p'resident. Miss F. Livingstone, 660  GraaVlllo Street; r��cording-secret��ry,  HiM_J. Browne, .837 ��� Rlcbardi Streot;  treuunr. Miss E. Bentley, 1131 Seymour. Street.   .,    -�����    ^fft     \fUlUll,  vice-president,* L. C. DeWolf ;"recording  secretary, Geo. ,> Dobbin, S33 Hamilton  St.; financial secretary,    X -, McLeod;,  treasurer, G. Adams;   conductor,   H-,,  Hfl-wes; warden, J. F. Gray; delegates ,  to T. * I* Council, Geo. Dobbin,' Geo.' '  Adams, A. E. Coffin, ;L. C> DeWolf and  S.  O'Brien;    delegates to the Building  Trade* Oouncil,? H..Howe9.��nd_?J.^Mct_  engine houses and pumping stations; it  side the mines do'es not Justify to their  has examined tlhe" machinery: by W'hlch  the mines are protected from water  and foul air; lt has talked with the  miners at their work and ln their  houses, and it has given attention to  0  *  ���  9  o  ���  e  e  made of fullwelght denim, double ��  stitched and riveted, high  waist- a  ed, i oomy seated, Iron* wear,  r  Made by  -THK-  , (LIMITED.)  The oldest  Union   Overall  Fac- 9  tory" in the West. ,   ��  jHWJ BLOCK, WINNIPE6, MAN  i  i      ,  The tonsorlal parlors   of'(Mr. R. J.  Mathews, 101 Douglas street, will have  to be enlarged owing to* Increased busl-  t\;., t.-rji't-i 1  ness,. The fuslilonable, mtlnner In wlilch  the economic, domestic, soholaatlc and  It reviews Jn a general way the pro-1 r*IIslous Phases of their lives; it has  ductlon 'of-anthracite 'coal,'refers  t0|1,stene<J to and directed the examlna  n\l WA'ItNINO 'TO .WOKKIINGMDN.  To the Editor of Thk Indki-iwdskt: -   . .   - ..--  tlceable fact that since he lias placed  ths valuable invlgorator on th^ mari  bald-headed  he trims the boys up accounts for the  great demand for his artistic'skill.' His  hair'tonic Is a' marvel, and lt Is a no-  tlcenhip furl fhif'-i- - ���*- ���-  9ft*��9ftQft^9ftbft9ft9tk99tfi  the Cniiadlnii roail.to be in a state unfit, to handle the hanested wheat of the  Northwest, but If he will turn to the  leading, article ln the Colonist, November 8, 1902, he - will. fi nil the responsibility In 1903 to rest on the contraction of  cuirency by the existing'economic conditions, against which the workingmen  are being, harder and' still harder forced. >Mr. Dunsmulr is not to blame, but  ket, that - theie   aie no  union men In town. >   f ,  ^.Jones' cigar store, 105 Douglas street,  Js perhaps ithe ibest known spot In tVlc-  toriu. Willie lt Is practically tHe headquarters of one union, it Is also the  rendezvous of alt union men" desirous  . Lf ,  4    f. .   i     '    ,     f H   \0 ti-l-ffSl-  Of getting the real thing with the union  label In 'the shape of cigars and tpbacco.  The genial proprietor Is conceded to be  the Small area of country ln which lt  Is produced, and dwells at some length  on the market conditions and the prices  of coal.   It also refers to.the hazardous  nature of, anthracite coal mining and  gives an estimate of the losses occasioned by .the strike.   These losses are  estimated as'follows:   As to the' mine  owners,  <4���,100,(X��; - to thc   mine' employees in wages,   {30,000,000;   to   the  transportation companies, 128,000,000.  ? The commission says that In making  It's .investigation It has .done .whatever  It was' practicable to Uo to acquaint.itself with'the conditions which .brought  about the strike, and It makes the following summary of Its work:  tion and cross-examination of 658- witnesses; lt has given free scope fto.'.tho  counsel who represented the operators,  the non-union men and Uhe miners, and  It" has devoted an entire week to hearing their arguments.  Harmony.  full extent the. ad verse criticisms) made  by, their ^representatives.;; It also, finds  that the social conditions in thc mining  communities, are good, and it falls to  find that the wages,,are so low. among ���  the miners as necessarily to force themi  to put, their small children to ,work<  The commission  also  finds   that ��� the Q  average dally rate of earnings In the  anthracite regions, does-not ^compare, i  unfavorably "with that In other" Indus- *J  tries. i ' -   V '     . ff g  ��:  ' Unionism. , ,,        "  On the subject of thc,recognitlon of ;  the,Mine Workers'7 union, theconimis  Commission's' Labor.  It has gone through'mines   and inspected? the various conditions   which  the production, of anthracite   coal Involves; jt itas visited the breakers, "the  Tlio   commissioners   also   say   that  slon says" that It docs 'not consider that  while there have been differences_of  thls.subject is-within the scope of;the  opinion among themselves, there'never jurisdiction conferred  has .been a time during the five months  of, the   existences of; the:1 .commission  _when there was on unpleasant word  spoken among them, "orany.indication  whatever of thought or desire of aught  save truth and justice."  Demands of Miners.  The commission  then takes up the  demands of the mine workers and the  -answers of the mine operators, giving  in .detail the reasons for the findings, l not present the moat inviting, inducer,A*.  Inia general way It says that 13ie con- |ments to the operatars to onior imr.  dltlons of the life of a mine worker out-  on lt. It doc3  say, however, tihat "the suggestion of  a working agreement between employers and employees, embodying tho doctrine of collective ^bargaining, is one  which the commission believes contains  many hopeful amendments for the ad-'  Justment of relations.': JrurtherTon it*  .iJl; f-  -    I  says:. ���'     .. -  "The, {present.,; oonstltutlon'.i&Sr   the  United! "Bine Workers of America does   w  not present the moat inviting,Inducer,A  inents to the operators to enter into  contractions! relations with it"  [���wwisBjHjisaeRM* THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY ...MARCH 28, 1903  O  3-  <��  < ���  a  <>  a  i i  n  w  II  S!  i  Tbe Gurney foundry Co., of Toronto,  ���lakers of Oxford Stoves and Ranges  Are Unfair to Organized Labor.  We expect the workingmen of the west to  help us win this fight.   Tell your friends.  IRON MOLDERS' UNION, NO. 28.  METAL VOLISHEltS* UNION, NO. 21.  STOVE MOUNTERS'  UNION, NO. M.  9  DR. CLARK INTERVIEWED.  The Independent w.is pleased to have  a call last Saturday from Dr. G. 15.  Clark, ex-niembei- foi (.'iiitlincss, and at  one time consul-genera] In London for  tho Transvaal. Ho an ived last week  from Australia on liis third lour around  the world. Having lost liis seal in the  house ot commons as u result of tlie  stand he took ngainsl the policy of  lion. Mr. Chambeilaln in the late South  African campaign, lie has since been  studying other problems, such as the  tendency of the times to monopolies  and trusts, which he regards lis u serious menace not alone to this country,  but in Great Britain.  Speaking ot immigration iiintlei.<  particularly the Chinese question, he  said, "though 1 am an Internationalist,  I realize perfectly that local conditions  must prevail on matters affecting the  cheap labor problem."  "Do you think that our legislators  could prevent the present provincial  strikes?" queried The Independent.  "Yes, I think they could. I have just  come from New Zealand, where at one  time just such Industrial wars were allowed to go on anil on as they are  going on here. 'Now, organization there  of employers and employed was compulsory, and any differences that may  arise between them were subject to adjustment by a court of arbitration,  whose decisions weie binding on all  parties. I itm a linn believer in compulsory arbitration."  Itegaidliig the solution of the question, capital veisus labor. Dr. Clark  thought that it could only lie brought  about bit by bit, uml that was why he  belonged to the Fabian party In England, rather than be a socinl democrat,  becauso the latter took Tor bis bible  Marx's "Capital," mill whose policy was  All or nothing. Mr. Kiel- Hardie practically controlled the toclallsl deniociat  forces, while Mr. 'Hyiidman stood  middle class, but both weie prominently Identified with Uie social democratic  parly. On the other hand prominent in  the Fabian. party weie Mr. Geo. "Bernard Shaw, Mr. Sydney Webb and Mr.  John Burns, the latter being n thorough  collectivlst, though working with the  liberal party.  "Do you consider, doctor, that Mr.  Burns, by adopting that course, will accomplish as good \v.*rk as he would  were he to Join the social democrats?"  asked the Interviewer.  "Undoubtedly I do. I think he i.s accomplishing more," replied the doctor.  "Although I am an Individualist myself," he went on, "I recognize that the  trend of events Is'against, individualism, and strongly in favor of collectivism. Everything is being' concentrated in the hands of the few, and.'  presently, what with land,monopoly on  the one hand, and the monopoly ol industries on thc other, tliere won't Inbreathing or standing room for anyone  outside the trusts. The extension of  the trust system, for it is spreading,  even in Great Britain, bodes ill for our  commercial 'pre-eminence.' With our  "small arearwith'our 'large_nnd'"lirereia^"  Ing population, only a fourth of whom  are fed-off our own land; with our immense national debt, largely increased  by the late war; with declining exports  and Imports; with taxation amounting  tn about $20. a head ns against ?!. In thc  United1 States, and wllh the Americans,  fostered by their high protective tariff,  pouring their surplus products on our  shores���with all this the outlook Is  serious enough. Indeed, to require the  greatest i-onsidi-iatlnii by our citizens  and our slatcsiiien. When we look al  Um Increasingly huge lurlum-s amassed  by the tew, and lhe liand-lo-iiiouth existence led by the great mass of 111  people, It is plain thai things aro tending to u i-i-IkIs which our leglslatois  must endeavor tu avert." ..  must endeavor lo avert. The question  for us to settle now is one of distribution, miller than one of production."  Dr. Clink lull lor Chicago on Saturday, where he will gather some additional data legardmg the operation of  trusts befoie loturning to Gie.il Britain. It Is u thousand pities llial wo  cannot induce men ol his stamp .'.ud  ability lo reiii.un among us cuid take  part in our public alfuiis. Strong anil  public spliited men aie at a premium  in Ihis province.  Tbe $alf  of Life  is business.   We want moro oi  it.   We'll set it if an out and out  > bnigain will fetch it.  How' Is This  A two-quart '  Hot Water Bottle  , i .  or  Fountain Syringe  ���    75c.  ! Tht McDowell, Atkins,  Wstwa Co., Ltd. Liability $  W-TO-DATt MVKISTS.  TUB L1BE11AL PA UTS." AND LAND  VALUES TAXATION.  "The iLimd 'Restoration League changed its name List year to that of the  Land Values Taxation League, owing,  to th eadoptlon by the liberal party at  an annual meeting of the National Liberal Federation of land value taxation  as one of their principal planks. This  piogressive movement on the jait ol'  the liberals was rendered necessaiy by  the heavy burden of taxation -n England, whicli ranges between 3s. ami 10s.  In .the pound In almost ull the laige  towns. The giowth of civilization nnd  the demands of sanitary science have  further Increased the responsibilities  and the expenses ot municipalities, with  the result thai -fiesh souiccs 'ot taxation have lo be found. Last autumn  lhe Glasgow corporation, which Is tin-  largest in' Gieat Britain, convened u  meeting ol representatives of various  municipalities in London, which adopted a lesolution In favor of giving municipalities Lhe right lo lax land values.  The Glasgow corpoialion Is promoting  a ibill In llie imperial parliament lo empower lt to levy such a tax. The difficulty lo separate land vului-a from  linpiovciiicnt values has been felt, but  has boon partly leniovod by the piesent government, who undertook to pay  liulf lhe local lates on agricultural  land. In the countiy, therefore, land  and .buildings had to be .separately assessed, and when this separate assessment has been extended to the towns,  which cun be easily done, whatever obstacle exists in the wny of, the taxation of land values In both town an'd  country will have been completely removed."���Dr. G. B. Clark, ex-M. P.  FROM A. lt. WALLACE TO HENRY  GEORGE.  "Alfred'Russell Wallace, a p'roinlnciv'  Englishman, wrote' nn r article lii-' the  Contemporary Review nbout 1SS1 on tlie  evils of our present system of-land  'tenure, as ^ result"' or whicli 'cettain  nieiiibers of lhe Land ��� and Labor  league approached him, i mid lhe Land  Nationalization league was. formed,  wli'.Ii ilf>r. Wallace 'as -president, lo ciury  out Uie piopns.ils contained in the article. The article was suliseqiu-nlly  elaborated In tho well-known work on  land 'liaUir.'illzallon .published ln, ISS.!.  Walla"c(f''s~propos;ii7~iis"~you know, wan"  that the piesent owners should draw  the ien-Is anil control the land while  they lived, bul that it rilinnl'd urter-  wurds ievert to tin- stale, no inn- being  allowed lo Inherit hii'ul nfler n ceitain  period. Henry George appealed, nil (hi-  scene iiImmil thai time, anil I piesldeil ul  the llrsI meeting lie held n't Loudon.  At tlml time (ISSI) lie was writing up  the land war In lielaml lor lhe Irish  World, 'bin the result nf his suIim."  qui-nl visit ;n I-lngliind, at lhe Invitation of K-adeis or Progress and Poverty, wns (he roiiiiiillon or nn l-'ngllsh  and Si'Oltl.sh [.nn,] lli-sloi-.ilion  l.i>ngue."--lf>r. G.   II. Clark, ex-M. P.  ment declined two organizations' held  the field���the Land Reform Tenure association, of whicli the late John Stuart  Mill was chairman, and the Land und  Labor league, dominated by -'.he chartists. The members of the league used  to attend the ineet.ngs ot the association, hoping to move llierti in the direction of their more drastic refoim.  Mill's Idea ill flrst \uin to tux the lineal ned Increment iiilslng In the future  li inn hind, whereas Professor Fawcett,  afterwards liostina.ster-gi'iieriil lu Gladstone's administration, held llial every  argument which applied to the future  unearned inurement applied to tin- past,  and thai belli should be appropriated.  The dirti-ivnei- of opinion caused the  spill, which led to -lhe retirement of  the professor, but John Htunrl Mill subsequently cume round, and held till'  same view, which Is practically that of  single tax, as nyiy be seen from the  pii-Hldi-nti.i'l addicss he delivered nl the  last annual meeting ol the .Land Tenure Reform association ibefore his  death. A copy of this address could  pi nimbly ibe obtained from the secretary, Mr. 'W. It. Cromer, the liberal  member for Shoiedltch, the well-known  leader among lhe workingmen and  trades unionists 'both In -England and  abroad. lie is a single taxer, and lia.*  been clrculiiling the literature ot the  Land 'Reform ussoclallon ever since."���  Dr. G. 11. Clark, ex-M. P.  HOUSING TH'E POOR.  In Glasgow ithe housing"problem has  long occupied the attention of the municipal authorities. Some time ago a.  special Improvement rate up to 3tx-  Iience in the pound was imposed for  the -purpose ot enabling the town council to pull down the slums. It was proposed to re-sell the land to people who  would build superior accommodation  foi; those who had been displaced; but  eventually the town council hod to do  this themselves, and tliey erected residential buildings wish Hats for the  working classes In the. very centre ol  the city, and model lodging houses,  holding, perhaps, 500 ibeds apiece. In  tlie former, unfurnished apartments  could b'e obtained by artisans and  otlTers, close to their work, at very moderate rales, and in the latter the very  poorest casual hands could get a clean  bed und cooking accommodation for  3 14Jd. or 4 l-'2d. n night, or ufbout ls.  Oil. a week, while good food was supplied al the lowest price. The idea Wius  admirable, so admirable, In fact, thill  sonic or lhe lorporntlon lodging house  superintendents took the hint, and sei  up rival establishments on their own  accoun-t, with the result t'hat the municipal movement was stopped. The  residential flat Is a very old Scotch system, and was adopted'by the Peabody  trustees in their model houses in London, and was also followed by Lord  Row ton, at one time secretary to Earl  liciconsllcld, who has established similar model dwellings in London, for the  use of the poor."���-Dr. G. TS. Clark, ex-  M. P.  Carpenters  Notice  All.Union Carpenters are  hereby requested to attend- a  special meeting to be'held in  Labor Hall, March 30th, 1003,  -at 8 o'clock to arrange for 1st  of April.  ,     -'GEO. .DOBBIN,  ���~ Secr".Joint."Goni'mittee7  AMASS MEETING  OF WOMEN  'ART  CiirA.RTIS.Mi A.N'I) JOII-N STI  'MILL.     ,  "Yes. | was fm- ten yi-ui.s i-huli-mnii  of the Highland Land Reform Association, wh.i.'h ciuileil on u./big agitation (1SK0-,-,). the result of which was  t'lie passing ol- the Croftois' net In 1SSG,  giving the crofters perpetuity of tenure  of. a,fair rent, wllh compensation for  Impioveinents on leaving lhelr holdings. Uul 1 was ihleieslcd in the land  refoim lnovemeiiUong before that. My  father was secretary of the Chartist  Association.in Ayrshire, wliich, as you  know, Included land nationalization as  one of their planks.   "When that move-  Will be held In  UNION  HALL,  Monday, March 3��  To form n  WOMAN'S AUXILIARY,  In ulil of the  Striking Employees of  the C. P. R.  Chair to be taken at 8 p.fiii.  ���All ladles Invited. -       ! -  The  Welcome  324 Carrall Street  Three doors from Hastings Street,  Choice lines of Confectionery, Prulis,  Tobaccos, Soft Drinks and lee Cream.  Open every evening till midnight. Refreshment \pui lor In connection. Prompt  service.   Fresh Stock.  'Phone 1388.  GEO. C. HAMILTON.!  Wall Papers  It is �� little early yet to talk about  Wall Paper, but I want the people to  know that I am now opening up the  finest stock of Wall Paper that ever  came into this province. Of course we  have not received our full- line, but  have enough to please most anyone,  and we are going'to continue to sell  these beautiful 1903 coloring and patterns at the reduced rate until the busy  season opens. Anyone wanting Wall  Paper or work of that kind It will pay  them to buy now, even If you hold it  over for a month or so. Ours Is a  Union Shop, always has been and always will be. Room moulding to  match all papers. Agents for the pro  vlnce for white enamel letters for  signs. Kalsomlnlng, painting, etc., and  all work guaranteed.  TO OUT OF TOWN "CUSTOMERS it  Is always a pleasure to send samples,  Drop a postal card stating price, color,  ���which room or rooms, size, whether 9  or 18 -Inch border, required. We will do  thc rest.  r. p. utic..^,  72ft Pcndr Street.  CIGARETTES  Wc, the undersigned, handle the  only UNION'MADE CIGAREITES  made in' Canada.5 KABNAC, V.' C.  aiidT.&B.  CHAS. FORESBERG  H. G; MOORE  S. HARCUS  ' G. W. WEEKS .  WJ. McMillan & Co.  Wholesale Agents for B. C,  Corner Alexander St. mid Columbia Ave.  Viiucoiivc-r, B. C.  P. 0. BOX, 296. PHONE, 179.  PHONE I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  ���.,   516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  AH kinds of work In this line promptly attended to.  Patronize the  Blue Label  V.'.."yv. davis   PAINTING, PAPERHANGING,  KALSOMINING,    ETC.,    ETC.  All branches of the trade done In,a  satisfactory and 'workmanlike manner.  Estimates trlven.  ' 432 EIGHTh"a'VB:NUB WEST.  BRANDS-  11  Cigar Factory  NEW WESTMINSTER.  i! Don't be Careless j  -i -  9^.9'^X9X9Wi9X9'-^)^W^i9)k  9  ii  n  i'  ll  ii  J5  Don't start your wheel on  thorough overhauling,  lly und will cost you but little  bicycle repair department.  n  y.  the   new   season's   wdrk   without   a    ,,  It will add much to your comfort and secur-    ^  We huve a thoroughly up-to-date   i i l\  , 126 Hastings St. f  Stoves, Ranges and Kitchen Furniture.  Loggers' Supplies  SPECIAL    A lib - STEEL   WIRE ROPE SNATCH BLOCK.  ALLAN  WHYTE  & CO.'S  SPECIAL WIRE COItH .HOGGING WIRE.  PLOUGH and CRUCIBLE STEEL WIRE ROPE in all sizes and grades.  All kinds of loggers'  tools and supplies, Camp Utensils, Etc.  McLennan,  Mcfecly & Co.  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Streot.7 Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 1063  ���x��)K��x��x^��H^^^K��)K^<^��:-K��^a;^f^^��?K^K��a;��5��'  Just as Easy to Kee|>  chairs, tables and woodwork about the house looking bright and new-if you  use the right kind of Varnish Stain.  Stains and-, Varnishes  with one application.   '-'  Anyone can apply ii.  Vancouver Hardware Co.,  339 Hastings Street. (,  3C  ii  it  H  ��� n  ';(  o  ii  �� Star " Enamels,  �� Star " Bathtub Enamel,  ��G" Varnish Stains,  ��'G" Stovepipe Enamel/  "G" Aluminum Enamel,  ������ G " Furniture Polish,  Ask for Alabastine the best  Wall Coating.  ��������������������������������������������������������?j������������������  ��� ������  SCADE...  " The Beer Without a Peer."  Brewed right here ln Vancouver by'men of years and years experience and in a brewery whose plant ls the most perfect known to  the art of brewing, is It any wonder lhat lt has taken a place in  'he hearts of the people which no other beer can supplant?  $1.00 Dozen Pints.  $2.00   "     Quarts  Brewed by  Vancouver Breweries, Ltd,  Vancouver, B, C.  and for sale'at all flrst-class Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels.  ��sXs)��(S!������(^^  UmbreBfas  We have a goodly assortment   of   Unibrell.-is.     And   you   can  pretty near count on wanting an Umbrella for several occasions be^  ���   H'rore-lheT^al"suTnineT^VMnieFSe(s"lii7TIf you liaveTiot~one now why  not drop In and let us show you our various kinds.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT i�� CO.  " 104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., Obb. Wm. Ralph's.  GENTLEMEN'S  SHIRTS  COLLARS AND  CUFFS  ���huve our special ntleiillon.  XVe blunder tliem carefully���  Ihey are Ironed with the most up.  proved iiiucliliiery.  The nei-kbiind of the shirts are  ironed in a manner to prevent  any stretching.  You  cun  hnve any  finish  you  ' desire 'to   your   linen���the   high  gloss or the dull finish.  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  010-914 Richard* Street. Tel. 816  Branoh offln in Areata  T��1.'U76,  Aklvwtto* ia X3n ladeptadtnt.  *������������������ ���������������������������������  ii' '    '  tl  tl  it  <l  il  il  tl  o  tl  o  o.  II  Bcgiiiiiiiig' Young  When oyea aro found' to hav*  any defect, however, slight, tBgr*  1* but one thing to do.' Provide  glasir* early. Hav. thorn oxamlned  by our doctor of optica, Mr. Allan, and get a pair to lit you  proporly. All work guaranteed.  DAVIDSON BEOS.,  y   '������    The Jewelers and Ofitlol-ms, ' '  9   ;,..: ��� -.. ,.4?,f��l!��V��.8t..,-j|jS5,(f.1^,.  i  4  f't  f


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