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The Independent Oct 18, 1902

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 I  If ���  fe:  m.  THE ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA^  . .BAVINCIS   BANK . .  1    IA. Geaerol Banking Buslneos  Transacted.  OBOTCBS-fiaatlngs   Street,   W.,  flfmtmlimtor Avenus, Vancouver.  VOL." 6.  Legislative Libr'y Mar. U|0J  , C. PERMAKEAT LOIS MD  -   SAVINGS CO.  Authorized Capital - $10,000,000  Subscribed Capital -  -  1,500,000  Assets Over  -    -   -  -     800,000  Head Office 821 Cambie Street,  Vancouver, B. C.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATUBDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1902.  TRADES AND LABOR COIH  Thoro was a good uttendanco of elolo-  fiivtes when 1'resident Lamrick called the  meeting of tlio Trades uml Labor Council to order on Thursday night. Owing to tho unavoidable absenco of .Secretary Cross his place wus filled by Iiol-  cgato S. J. Gothard.  Tlio following credentials wero recolved: Brotherhood of Stationery Flromon.v  Jolin l'ark uml Geo, O. Plott; Musicians" union, J. lloyor, \ico 11. J. Franklin; Froight Handlers, J. Lunely vice W.  atoilins. '  Tho following lettor nntl  answer  woro  Bread:  VANCOUVER,   D.     0.,  Sept. 20th, 1902.  _Tho Hon. Israel Tarte, Minister ot Public Works,  Ottawa,   Ont.:  Sir,���At tho last mooting of this council a dolcgato representing-the Painters'  ^union,   brought   beforo   our   notice   that  ttho  caretaker   of  tho   Vancouver  public  'building was engaged in painting     said  .(building.    It is reported to us that he  3ms probably been engaged at this work  ,��ix      weeks.        Enquiries       havo ; been  rixmdo   >��� and  ' it   is . ascertained ���:.' that  Olr.  Henderson,: tho-inspector for ,    this  .district,   has  ordered  the  carotakcr     to  ��Io this work,: for which tlie man inform!?  ..aifl he receives, no . recompense.::, Ho also  complains   thnt ho has already too   much  fof his own work to do and that he thinks  it a hardship that ho should be compelled,  '-to do this work in addition to his own  janitary woik.    I am requested by res-  solution to bring this matter beforo your  Jhotice,  and to add that this council is  .of tho.':opinion  that the caretaker's position   is  considered   by  us   a  very  fair  one, and * that, consequently,  no need to  give him  this  cxlia    work,   presumably  to; agument  his  salary; (for  vve  cannot  beliovo that tho department expects this  mail  to  perform  this  work without  remuneration),   thereby  depriving   another  . man, who- has no other; means e)f livelihood than that of working at his traele  as a. painter.' ''  Wo feci that we have only to call your*  attention to'the matter,' and that this  injustice to organized lubor will be set  light.   ,'  I have the honor    to,  J^o,     sir,    your  obedient servant.       -T. II. CIIOSS.      ,  Secretary T.  & L.  Council.  A communication was received from  tho Electrlcul Workers' union.      -.  Tho report of tho Labor Bny committee was received and adopted.  Owing to tho fact thut tho Stevedores',  union wanted the hall all other business  was luld'over until a futuro meeting.  NO. 4.  BARBERS CELEBRATE.  .IN   MEMOIUAM.  At Monday night's meeting of the  Freight-handlers' union the ' following  resolution of condulenco was passod:  "Whereas, Miss Hilda Clover, sister ol  Brother H. Glover, dopartcd this life on  Soptoabcr  SO,   1903,  "Ilosolvcd, That wo, tho members of  Local Freight Handlers Federal Union,  No. 4, Vancouver, B. C, In brotherly  lovo, pay trlhuto to her ineiiiory, .by expressing our sincere sorrow at the great  loss which our worthy brother und his  relatives havo sustained; and bo it further r  Rcsovlcd, That a copy of theso resolutions bo inserted in our. minutes and  ulso thut ,a copy be forwarded to the  bereaved   family.   (Signed)  "HAItUY   CLEMENS,'."President.  "J; LILLEY," Secrotary."  LEI7ERS TO THE EDITOR.  The barbers' third annual ball ou tho  night7 of Thanksgiving dny was a big  success, thero being somo V20 couples'  present. Ono would not Imagine by tho  costumes worn by many of the men  that they had "been harbored ten times  o'er beforo going to tho feast, us they  woro so well be whiskered; but this wees  soinowliut different with' the ladles,  whoso costumes reutllly shown that great'  care hail been taken iu lhelr arrangement. Tho ninsqueriides wero certainly  uniquo and it vvouid bo superfluous to  indiviiluali/.o as to tho merits of eaeli  und ull. In the O'Brien hall wus pre-  HCntcel a raro scene of gaiety -when Har-  pur's orchestra struck up at 8:-15 o'clock  sharp, - calling time, ' and to brisk note's  in cadence breaking glanced merry tripping feet. W. F. Findlay was muster  of ceremonies, which fuct went a long  way to make things go just right.. .  -Just beforo supper masks woro lifted,  and of course the usual embarrassments  and plcusunti*ies,icsulting in geneial satisfaction all round. The new dinning  room, which Prof. O'llriciiiius added to  tlie hull; is one of lite* coziest, anel best  iu tho city. The spiead wus indeed  worthy enough for a. feast of the" gods.  Tlle caterer; was  Mr., J. ,E.  Arihishaw,  TflE UM SYSTEM  OF NEW ZEALAND.  FISHING INDUST11Y..  To tho JJditor of Tim Ikdki'KMikkt:     '���  Sir,���The  salmon    fishing    season    of  1902  has  ubout  run   its  course  on   tho I of  the Toronto  Canely company.  Fraser river.    Tho    sockeyo    pack    has      Much  praise is duo  tho  very cnerjetic  been  a small ono,  but for  obbious slid- J committee   vvho   managed   the  event   of  ing scale reasons the     exact pack of   gill-1 the  season without a  hitch.   They  were':  net caught flsh.us it stood on tlio 25th   of'Fred.     Hawe,    J.    A.   Stewart  August last,  is not yet known  to    the ! Bowers,   J  OTTAWA, 30th September," 1902.'  T. II. Cross, Esq., secretary Trades und  Xjabdf Council, Vancouver, B. C:  JJy Dear Sir,���Lot mo acknowledge tlio  .receipt of your co|nmunication of September the 20th iu which you bring,'to mji  notico that thc caretaker of .the Vancouver public building is engaged in  painting the said .building. If tho cine taker of thc building is not pleased with the  duties tliat ho is bound to7pcrform;ho ' will  only havo to say so. I am sure I will  not huvo much troublu in replacing  ilim.  Let, mo add that I havo   always    endeavored   to  administer  my  department  V   on  business-like principles.   The caretaker  W  1  I!  of a public builtling is obliged to give us  jtfl hisVtimc, for any work:.that ho . is  able to perform, and I am surprised to  see a labor organization taking such' a  stand as the one you take.. 'However, I  intend, in future, dealing with my ofli-  , eera directly and" those vvho will not be  I 'pleased witli their work will be rc-  ,   placed by others.  / I am informed that the caretaker is  [( jlot paid extra for the work ho is doing  / sow. If he wgs paid extra, it would  lie for us to decldo what salary should  i   lie given to him.      Truly yours,  J.   ISRAEL TAHTE  -A  A   letter   was .received   from   tho   Ite-  IV  &  tail Clerks' union stating that tho following stores; had; been put on' )*ecord as  unfair to the enrly clnslng law: F.  Kline, Wnter streot; Jacob Izcn,; Cor-  <!ovu street; E. Goldberg, Carrall street;  II. Harvey, Granville street; T, Blcharel-  ��on, Hustings street; - J. T. Brown,  ���{Westminster uvenuo; HyV*Evans, Water  ���.street; Hustings Mill Store; G. Shaw;  JJ. : Hiidilurd, Granvillo street; W., II.  >.V;S'Adair, John'11. Mills, A. Filon, Carrall  .street; O. Sharp, Water and Ca'mbio; L.  Itubitiovvitz, Water street; F. G. Clold-  ,1>org, Water street; W. II. Morkln, 0.  \j'i', Christulnson, Westminster avenue; Geo.  f.;|j Juiiies, Hustings street,  / The Iron  Moulders.und Stovo Mount  ers' union, of Toronto, wroto to suy  . i,Jsihat tho Gurnoy Foundry Co., of Toron-l  jto, luukers of Oxford stoves and ranges,  wero most unfair to organized labor.  IA committee composed of Messrs. Dickenson, Dixon and Pound wero appointed  In walton tho firms that handle theso  jgoocls  fishermen  or  tho  general   public.     This,  for'Hho third,season in  succssion,-' 'hus  brought with   it    a    fishermen s    .strike  against tho prico anel condition!! offered  by tho cannerymen, thc    Jap    llsherinen  making the most determined Tight    tins  season.     However,   thiough tho valuable  assistance of the Japanese cor.su1,    and  wc hoar a bonus of ?500 given by    thc  cannerymen to : the Japanese, union, hospital   the   striko^ was   declared' oil,   anel  the fishermen in good faith accepted the  sliding scale conditions and went in pur;"  suit of theiriarduous calling.    Just here  it may- bo  as 'well  to note  this  object  lesson,   that,   although a high   ofllclal   of  tho  Japanese  government  is  most willing and did interest himself in behalf of  his,fellow countrymen  fishing    in    this  country, wc do not hear of-any official  of our own government assisting in uny  way  tho  white, and Indian  fishermen   of  our own country to get a bonus or bfclter  terms in nny way, but wc do' hear, aud  it makes us shudder to '.hink of It, that  tnrough tho influence of mercenary capitalists ,our government    permitted    thc  militia  to  be  called  out  to   force,    our  own citizen fishermen; to accept tne cannery combine pterins or got off tho iivcr,i  and  some lour  thousand  Jap lishernien  stood ready to do tho fishing.'-    If    in  this or any other civilized country tliero  is a record of such' a barbarous act .we  would like to know" of it,  ns a   slight  relief    to our bonstcd    civilization.    By  tho way,  how  vvas this  militia bill finally settled for this choico piece of capitalist    manopuver?    As  "the    Japanese  government has shown us thc good ox-  ample  through  its   Vancouvor  consul  of  a., fatherly interest  in  the  ntVuirs . of its  citizen fishermen making their temporary  homo here,  and us tliero is    still   some  doubt  about the pack and  final     prico  according to tho sliding, scale,  would it  not bo woll for our government to ask  tho ennner's association   for    a     sworn  statement of the pack of gill-net cuught  sockeyos. as: it   stood   on   tho   25th.   of  August last.     Also  of  trap  und    seine-  net caught' fish  as peeked  ou  tho samo  dale���if all tho  white men In  the    cannery  from  tho  tally  man   to   the pros.-,  dcnrslgiieirthe" paper it wculd not bo a  A.   Davidson;   W.  George  L.   Alys-  vory long document, us tvhlto labor is  fast becoming a thing of the past V In  this Industry.    If our high-toned     gov-  i  ornment think it beneath thcir    dignity  to got such'.-official"information': for,our  own citizen fishermen, or perhaps, tliey  consider, tlio fishermen, better targets for  the mllltla to shoot at." ; But yet thero  may ho sonio pull strong enough for  .Tap fishermen to -got nil ofllclal count  for their bonoflt1 nnel thut of the Ohlnn-  inon who now. control tho layout .as fui  ns labor is conccrneel; wlillo < there Is  plenty of iello whito lubor. to mun uny  cannery. It scorns a vory easy iiiuUit  for a capitalist-controlled govornnient to  glvo awny the herltngo and lilrthrlgnl  of the sons and daughters nf Ciiiiiiilu.  FISIircil..A.V.  Vnncouvcr,  11.C,  Oct.  Id,   '.1)02.  Groeel   is   digging   graves, into, , which  sooner or later it will dump those, systems  which   havo teen  tried  and found  wanting;  and tlio common  people    will  j not bo among tho mourners.  .worth.  Among     those    who'   attendcel     weie  us follows:     Miss B. Watson, Mis    Dan  It. Stewart, Miss Watson,1 Miss Morgan,  Miss Morgan, J. E. Madill, Mr. Murray  Bailey,  G. B. Lover,  W. McMillan,      R.  Craig, W.    Sharp,    Millvilo    Talt,      E.  Wood, Charles M. ICillop, Mrs. A. Tettij  Miss M.  Kens,  Mrs.  G. Kent,  Miss Annie  Cary, Miss  Carrio Drinkwater,  Mt*.  Jones, Mrs. W. .,��� Clark;     Miss ���   Florence  Ward,  A.   Camior,  Miss    May    Bov'elcy,  Miss Alice  lloss,   Miss      Minnie  Killop,  Miss L. Miller,-Miss' G. Jordan, Mrs. T.  Thurston,'Miss J: Malrnos, Miss M. Mc-  Kinsey,  Miss  G.      Itansomc,'   Miss     E.  Reynolds,   Miss   Y.   Motlelmniv:Mrs.' J.  II. Taylor,  Miss M.  Miller,' Miss Trom-  lcy, Mrs. Tromley, Miss > L.     Itausomo,  Mrs.  W.  Tupper,  Miss  A.  Scuitto,   Miss  L.   Scuitto,   Mi^s  M.   Swanson,  Miss  S.  Smedmark,  Miss Dibinier, Mrs.  ,T,  Marshall, Miss 111. Loder,  Miss  Share,  Miss  E.   Hodson,   Mrs.   T.   Rains,     Miss     M.  Boyd, Misss A. Austin, Mrs.  Callaghan,  Miss "Short;; Mrs.   A..;- Austin,   Miss ' IC.  Luff, Miss A. Hodson, Miss C. Withrow,  Miss ,E.   Woncniaker,   Miss  Myrtle Fcio-  hen,  Miss J.  Hansomo,  Mrs.  G.    Gray,  Kenneth Thompson, D.  Eansomo, T. 1'.  Smith,   (i.  Gray,  G.    Bartley,    William  Allen, Mr.  McMuIlen,; K.  Martin,   G.  II.  Smith,  L. v C,   Oneletto,   O.  E.   Jacques,  S. N. Kendrick, C. Weatherston, Captan  J.   A.   Gates,   Mr.   Shnre,   O.   Green,   G.  Erickson,   Chas? i Johnson,: James  Mills,  J.  Watts,   W.  Tupper,   H.  Spiers,     William Bushman,  B.    ltcynolds,    II.    Ilnl  burg,  Dan IX.  Stewart,   XV.    Clark,    R.  Garrison, H.; Tait,  J. Kent,   O.VHrodoi-  ick,, E.; McKeating,   W.  F.     James,    T.  Thurston, < J. Bonner; B. Clinton, A. Austin,   Miss   Holm,   Miss   Arnelt,   Miss    D.  Brodrlck,': J.   Richardson,  E.   Green,   J.  Perry,  W.  Tibhs,   W.   Hatch,   J.  Brown,  J. McPherson, D. Scott, Miss Mathison.  Miss J.  Scott,     Mrs.    Cronshaw,    Mis.  K.   Groves,   Mrs.   Herbert,   Mrs.   Tnplin,  Miss  Ruby Rogers,   Miss  Edith    Jeans,  Miss ' Martha Laurie, .Mrs.  D.: Anthony,  Mrs. M. J. Smith, A. Bingon, D.     Anderson, Claude Strang, ,H. Becker, A. C.  Macdonald,  G.  McDonald, Miss Gamble,  Mrs, Griffiths, D. McPherson, .W,^Tliginp_-_  son, F.\'Hurst, Miis.'M.: Halborson, Mlss  Marion  Gwi'nning,.   Miss ���,   Smith,    Miss  May   Harton,   Miss  M.   Halilorson,   Mis.  Baker,   M^rs. Target,  Fred  Gronliinil,  W.  Dominlick, 'Mrs.: Harvey,  MIssjAnlhony,  Miss   E.   Mcncnery,   Mrs,     J.      Curran,  Miss D.  Allen,   Miss  Clara Barnes,     J.  Marshall,   A.   E.   Austin,^.W.    Mclntyre,  J. It. Walmsloy, 0. 'James, 'John.Ford/  W. Marshall, J. Jaokson, T.'Oliver, Mls.ti  Ruby Swanson, Miss A. Brottlo, Miss F,  Beattlo,  0." Mead,  J. Murray,   (J. Iljch-  ardson, C.  E.  Peck, I. A. Dunn,    Geo,  Isaacs, Mrs. (f. Isnacs,     Lionel . Yorko,  W. Weiss,  Mr.  Edwards, D. Burton,  W  Cook.  The following article, written by S.  Percy Smith, F.' H. G. S., ia taken from  tliu oilicial year book of Now Zetilund  anil therefore mny bo relied upon.7 Next  weok wu vvill continue tho article.  The crown lands of Now Zealand nre  administered under "The   Lund   Act,  1892," together vvith its   amendments  and the regulations nindo. thereunder.  ,  The distinguishing   features   of   tlie  present land system aro the outcome of  ideas which liave been gradually coming  tcj maturity for somo years ptibt in tliis  colony.   These' features    involvo    the  principle of state ownership of tlie soil,  with a peipetual tenancy in tlie occupier.   This whatever may bo tho difference in detail, is thc prevailing characteristic'of the several systems under'which  land may now be   selected.   In   New  Zealand this tendency to stato ownership has taken a more pronounced form  than in any other of tho Australasian  Colonies.   In point of fact, most of the  Crown lands are now disposed of for 999  years.   The rentals are based on   the  assessed value of the land at the timo of  disposal, without increase or recurring  valuations.   Under this system there is  atlixity of tenure practically equal to  freehold,   and   which,   liko   freehold,  necessarily carries with it the power of  sijkv sub-lease, mortgage, or disposition  by vvill.   At the same time the improvements made in the soil by cultivation,  etp., aro secured to the tenant should ho  fifpni any cause be obliged to forfeit or  'surrender his lease.  The advantages of this system to the  selector aro manifest. When it is taken  into consideration that, with few exceptions, the crown lands are, in tlieir  prairie condition, incapable of profitable use, the advantage to the settler of  setting freo his capital to develop the  capabilities of the soil, rather than  'hqring to expend it in the purchase of a  freehold, is very apparent. Ono of the  mobt striking benefits of this system is  the advantage it gives to the man who,  with little more capital than his strong  right arm, is enabled to make a home  for himself; which, under the freehold  system, he would bo unable to accomplish. '  J The values placed on the crown lands  o, as a rule, low, for the state does not  so much seek to raise a revenue directly  therefrom as to encourage the occupation  of the lands by the peoplo; this occupation secures an indirect increased  revenue, besides the otlier advantages  resulting from a " numerous rural  population. ''  ''v  Again, underlying the whole of the  New Zealand land system is a further  application of the principle of "the land  for the people"��� viz., the restriction in  area whicli any man may hold. This  bubject has been forced upon the attention oi tlie Legislature by defects in  former systems, under which one  individual with means at his command  could appropriate largo areas, to the  exclusion of his loss wealthy fellow-  settler. Under existingconditions, where  the prico at which land is offered is fixed  forever, anil where choice of selection is  3. Lease in perpetuity, at a rental of 4  per cent, on the capital value.  The present land laws have been in  force since thu 1st November, 1802, und,  therefore, the returns of tho Department  of Lands and Survey for tlio year ending  the Hist March, 1901, in respect of lands  thu tenure of which is optional, vvill givo  a fair idea of that tenure most I'uvored  by tho public.   Tho figures are:  1. Casii: 127 selections, !l7,b'f!2 acres.  2. Occupation with right of purchase:  1)73 detections, 202,729 acres.  3. Lento in perpetuity: 295 selections,  97,138 acres.  "The Land Act, 1S92," provides, for a  special class of settlement called small-  farm associations, which   found   fuvor  with the public to a very considerable  extent during the three first years after  thc act of 1S92 camo into force, but is  now superseded to a large extent by tho  improved-farm fcettlement system.   The  small-farm association sybtem provides  that,   wliere   not   less    than    twelve  individuals havo associated themselves  together  for_'. mutual , help,   such   an  association can, with thc approval of thc  Minister of Lands, select a block of land  of not more than 11J000 acres, but there  must be a selector to each . 200 acres in  tho block.: The extreme limit that one  person may hold�� is [fixed at 320 acres.  Settlements^of _this class are held on  lfeasc in perpetuity, in a similar way to  lands  under thej,'same   tenure   when  thrown open for optional selection.   The  condition's of residence and improvement  are tho same.   The system offers many  advantages to the settler, so long as the  blocks of landj arejjjudiciously choson,  having regard to quality of land, access,  markets, and the probability oi employment being obtained in the neighbourhood.   In the eagerness to obtain lands  on such easy terms these points have,  iu the past, 'not received suflicent attention by somo of the^associations, and in  consequence they are not at all successful.  Under "TheLJLand Act, 18S3,"'tliere  was a somewhat similar system, but it  allowed of the acquisition of the freehold. This is now being taken advantage of to a considerable extent.  The following figures bhow the amount  of settlement by associations under both  acts on tho/31st March, 1901. At that  date there wcrej.705 selectors, holding  127,728 acres under various tenures and  in different parts of tho country. ��� Many  of the settlements, which vvere carefully  selected, are.doiug well. Others, where  long and expensive" roads have' to be  made to them, aro as yet nol very productive, and many selections have been  abandoned.  The village-settlement system of New-  Zealand has excited much inquiry.  This system provides: 1st, villages of  one acre sections; 2nd; 'small"farms of  100 acres. There has'not been any  great'extention of this system in recent  years. On thej31st March last there  were 2,011 settlers'liolding-12,414 acres,  and the total number of persons residing  in these settlements was 1,411 and tOJ  non-residents, the amount advanced by  goverment for houses, clearing, etc.,  being ��15,113, of wliich ��3,340 has been  returned. The total value of improvements on the lands at the same date was  ��159,284. The above figures include the  settlement on reserves and endowments.-  The improved-farm settlement system  STEVEDORES' PRESIDENT,  by ballot,'every would-be settler has the  same chance, and may hold under the  was iirst begun in order to find work foi  crown  an   equal   area   of land.    The the people.   Considerable areas of forest  quantity that a selector may hold is so  fixed as to encourage the class of  moderate farmers, for up to the statutory  limit tho amount he may select is left  almost entirely to himself. The act  defines the amount of land any one may  hold at 640 acres of first class, or 2,000  acres of second class land. These limits  apply to lands which are thrown open  for optional selection, but in some cases,  wliere theffuality-of'tlienanU-!".-very  J.A.VJI) KElIt Dl-IAII.  The first fatal iicclilent In Hie history  of ihu Slooau Star initio ''occurred in the  No. "i drift nt'.7:30 .'p.'in.-Thursday, b.v  which David ICcir lost his life. Ho wns  anativo of Mnlpeeiiio, 1\., E., whoro his  father Is a medical practitioner. lb*  has been in the Siocan for sovernl years  spending most of his time in the Sle<-  I enn  Star mine.  ood and the selectors many, the limit  is by regulation made smaller.   .  In addition to the many advantages  offered by the lease-in-perpetuity system, thc land act provides others, to  meet the wants of different classes. Thu  general rule is that land thrown open  for optional selection is offcreil to Miu  public under three different tenures, the  choice of which is left to the would-bo  sottler.  Tho three tenures are:  1. Cash, in which one-fourth of: the  piirchaso-money is paid down at onco, inid  the remainder within thirty days. The  llnal title is not given until certain  improvements liitvu been mtidu on tho,  land.  2. Lease with a purchasing clause, at  a 5-per cent, rental on tho value of tho  laud; the lease being for. twenty-livo  years, with the right to purchase at the  original upset price at any time after  the iirst ten years anil within twenty-  live years, or to convert into a lease in  perpetuity (third tenure).  clad crown lands were set aside, and  small contracts for thecle.iriiig,buriiing,  and sowing those with grass have been  let. In most cases' the farms aru  selected or ballot'.'el for in.their primitive  state, and the settler is for a time paid  for tlio improvements he makes, or, in  otlier words, thu cost of converting  forest lands into gr:is,s lands is advanced  from time to time by the goverment.  After the " regular ��� iiieetlnir of the  Truilm-nm! Lulieir Council on Thursday,  night the locnl Longshoremen's union  held a Kpeclul meeting to welcome auet  listen to tlielr international president,  Ulr. 1). .1.' Keefe. of Detroit, .Mich. Mr.  Keefe Is a splendid typo of mnn, and  iiiHpIres conllelonco from the moment ho  begins to speak.  In opening, he suid  tliat lie hail been  i|uestioned so much since    coming    hero  in regards to    the coal    miners'    striko  Unit ha would briefly .deul' with it.     He  wus  fairly  fttuiiliur  with   tliu conditions  that prevailed  among  tliu miners  us ho  had. served  fivo. years .on    the    Illinois  board  of arbitration  und  a very  largo  number of mining disputes had come before them.    It was pleading a caso before  this  board  that  John Mitchell had  first come into piominence.    Mince then  ho had attained the. highest position in  that   immense   organization   us   well   as  become vice-president of    tlie    American  Federation   of Labor.    These  coal  miners  worked i'Under  peculiuV     conditions.  Tho powder they,used was purchased at  rrom 85c. to 51.25 per keg by the operas,  ators    and    sold  to  the men 'at-$2.25  Furthermore they vvere, in many,  instancy  es,   really ' compelled ; ta   patronize ;.   tho  company store anel this was im opening  for n,any abuses.     So  taking ull  in all  the   ininer   does   not   receive   more   than  70    per      cent   oi    lus    gross earnings..  If     theie    is        any    foieign        matter  in his ear of coal  the-'whole car; is deducted . anel   frequently   this  amounts, to  his day's Wages.    It: had. been frequently,  saiel that if they were not satisfied why  ,  did thoy; not go: into some other occupation.'    Weill,  a coal-miner was1 ;. a coal  miner mid, he Intel u right  to  work;,   at,  the trade of: his choice and while doing  so  should.'receive  fair  roniuncriition.  lu  the    strike    of    1900   theie   vvas     only  a small per    cent of the'ininers in Ihe organisation, yct'it combination    of cncum-  slunccs hud auscn which g.iinctl     them  many concessions and the present settlor  ment,; it 'was, hoped,  vvouid still further  improve their conditions.' iiltlioii��h,\,cvenl  then .there.will bo- left much.:for- further  i eineely. /  31r. Keefe had that evening received a  telegram fiom 1'iesideut Mitchell asking  lnm  to  extend his  thanks  on  behalf  of  the miners to tlio people of the Pacific    .  coast for  their  generous "assistance     in  this stiuggle.    This ho was glad to do.  Resolutions of sympathy woro vory gooe.    '  in  their placo,  but what was needed in'  au  emergency  such  as hail     just about  ended  was,.finances.       In    England, . be,  said, ; unions often ' assessctl .'  tlicms.'lvcs  one and two shillings  per week without  a grumble.    This  was tho proper spirit  and. should . he .emulated in -America.  Mr. ICoei'e concluded his short address  by again limnking the people'of lltitisli  Columbia for, their assistance.  .iTlie'Sleveelores'. union theii inct in,  secret session when Mr. Keefe addressed  them on mattcis portioning to their  calling.  ,;In.private,-conversationWith The In-  ilependcut Jlr. Keelo said ne wns much  pleased with the appeuiance of the city  and believed-wo hud laid the  :tion,'for;a substantial town.  He  left on tho  Channel* Friday  noon  for .Victoriu,   whoro lie ^-.addressed  stevedores' of that city.  fouuda-  ��� the  In otlier cases a piece of forest land is  taken into hand, and men arc employed  at fixed rates in foiling, burning, and  grassing. When so much grass is laid  down as vvill give a good start, the Inuii  is opened for selection in sections of ot)  lo 200 acres and balloted for among the  applicants. The farms are lot on lease  in perpetuity at a run till siillicent lo  cover the cost of clout ing, etc., together  with a fair rental of the land. Up io  thoUlst March, 1001, -iH >*ultleiueiil.i li'iei  been allocated, rovi-riii;.' an area of "ii,i, -11  acres, situate in various parts of iln  colony. At that date *ll)i) settlor*, lim!  been allotted sections, who, toguilnr  with their families, numbered i,',iX2  persons who, wero residing on the Iniuis.  Thoy had felled and grained 2",0IO nrre1-.  The amount paid to the seniors up i->  tho 31st March, 1001, was .��07,812 and  the total value of improvements on ill  land (including the guvenii-'iitadviinci'sl  was ��103,8:15.  The size of holdings avornge about 10.)  acres.  [To Pi: Continuco.]  Following  telegram   v. ns   received   late  on Thursday night by 1). J. f*Ccefo, president   International   Slovedoies'   union:  .���WILKESUAUIIR, Tcnn.  Kept    3 0,   1902.  To J: 1). Keefe, Mctropoio; Motel,  Vancouver,  U.  C. .  Will     iidviso   convention    to      accept  Itooscvell's     rccommcueluUou    for  arbi-  tuition.     Teneler  my  frulernul  gieetingc  lo oiganincti labor in  HnlWh Columbia  JOHN   MITCHELL.  A PltESlifNTATION.  Mr. Clark, vice-president of the Postal  l.inployeos' union, vvas pieseuteel* ou  Thanksgiving duy by his follow *inom-  bers vvith a Iiuiidsome sterling silver butter -dish stand and a pearl-handle  knife. The occasion u, ih,i twonly-  llflli auiilverstiry of Ins veueling day.  Thu liidcpeunei't, jon.s in tlo mnn; con-  griiliilullons extended tu Mr. and Mrs.  Clink.  l'resident Chiirh'S Oier, u,' the Wall-'  ers' unel WuitressoH' unie ', and Mrs.:  Elsio Carter were unlleel iu iniirrlngo  lhe other;duy.,.-Tliey,; are' receiving the  congratulations; of;their- m..iy, friends.  ; Mr. McDonulil, -organize- for the aSFO-  ciution of.sti-eel rnihvtty L iployees is nt,  Ottawa to look into; the di-'liaiitjos. hei- ;  tvveen the company, and employees, - '.'���;���'  m  im.  JSJy O-. Q}-��-5>-. <S>a-f-C-f tSO-��!S'-Os*9-,-H,-0-��*9  i'i  xi't  fi - ?  M  'H  �����-tit  vff  ������?���'$���  >w  1:8 m  SK*5Sv .  m&  mW '���  i^Mi  i&pM'-i  I GETTIiNG  fEVEN    .  * WITH  IPAXTON  By  WOOD  P.  Copyright. a  IW-'. by tho T  S. S. MeCluro-f  Company       a\  t5-*&*-&*-Q*4t}+4}.4$&.-&-.4a)-.4)��ila\.-&-.9  Gcrnltl nastlngs watched Prank Pax-  ton's retreating form till the latter  turned down Oak street. Then he  ���clutched fiercely the little* hand that  crept Into his and turned to Ita owner.  '���You ilon't love hlni, do you, Dot?"  lie asked earnestly.  She nimlo a mono. "You foolish  boy!" she laughed. "How many times  must 1 toll you that I lovo you, and  you only? Mr. Paxton Is a very entertaining young gentleman, and we aro  all very glad to havo him come here  as frequently ns ho docs, especially  papa."  Gerald gritted his teeth.  "Especially papa!" he said angrily.  "Naturally he prefers the cashier of  the Pirst National bank to the operator  for tho Western Union company nt 518  a. week."  She laid a dainty hand across his  lips.  "You, mustn't speak that way, Gerald," she said demurely. "Uenioinbcr,  he is niy father and may be. yours  some day."  Ho caught her eagerly In Ids arms.  "Tell me. Dot," he snid earnestly, "Is  there really all this hope for mo?"  Slio looked into his face with Innocent, trusting eyvs. "If 1 don't marry you, I won't marry any one," she  promised.  "Well." he said, releasing her, "If  Pnxton doesn't keep away from here,  I'm,going to have trouble with him one  of these dnys."  Dorothy laughed, but tliere vvas an  undercurrent of seriousness In her  voice ns she snld:"Y,.n mustn't talk  tlmt way, Gerald. It's foolish and unnecessary. Yon must remember that  papa is a heavy stockholder in the  hunk and that Mr. Pnxton is a protege  of Mr. Spencer, the president.who has  asked, father to he particularly kind  to lilm.: Sir. Pnxton is a very charm-  lug young inan, but has nover made It  evident that hewants to marry ine."  "Except by coining round about live  nights a week," supplemented Hastings.  "Well," she laughed, "you nlwnys  outstay hlni, and���nnel"-  ������Antl to the victor belong the spoils,"  finished Gerald, making his meaning  clear.    There Was   the  frou   frou  of  the field.    The revulsion came at I  o'clock vvith the return message:  Almon P. Spencer. Tabor, N. T.:  1 suspected as much. Will be up tonight. WILLIAM W. 13IRDSAI.L..  Ue sent the message up to the bank  by one of (he boys, but not vvith the  satisfaction lie felt whon he received  the llrst message. After all, Pnxton,  In spite of thc fact that he was his  rival, vvas a pleasant��� fellow, with a  kindly word for all. It woulil be a  terrible thing to he arrested for such  a betrayal of trust.  The rules of the Western Union aro  strict on the mutter of giving out Information relative to dispatches), and  the thought that such a revelation  would menu the sacrifice of his position deterred lilm I'or awhile. But In  the end sympathy for his discomlltcd  rival proved too strong.  Tliere was n train to New York nt 5.  The up train from Albany did not get  In till 8.  Tho station agent was familiar with  Hastings' duties and readily consented  to take care of the olllce till he camo  back. He went to tho bank aud  straight to tho cashier's window, behind whicli stood Pnxton, getting  ready to close the olllce for the day.  "Oome out here u moment," said Gerald hoarsely. "I want to say something."  Wondorlngly Paxton followed him to  the front of tlio lobby.  "It's costing me my Job," said Gerald, "and I've no particular reason for  feeling grateful to you, but you ought  to know about these two telegrams.".  And with trembling hands he unfolded  copies of the dispatches.  Paxton laughed, aud then his face  softened.  "It's awfully good of you, old chnp.V  he said, "but I know about those messages. The fact ls I'm engaged to  Judge Birdsall's ward, nnel Mr; Spencer as my guartljan la to formally announce It tonight It's been au open  secret, but I was waiting until her  eighteenth birthday, which Is today,  aud that's why those joking telegrams  were sent. And, by the way, If you're  going to see Miss Dorothy tonight, If  you'll forgive the Impertinence, you  might tell her tliat your prospects are  very materially Improved, for I understand that you are slated for the position I am,about to give up. I go to  New York."  Dorothy said "I told you so," but her  father said "Yes."  OEIIALD'8 HEART THROMIKD WITH BUDPKN  KIEBCE SATISFACTION-  skirts, and as Dorothy disnppearod  within Hastings strolled down the  quiet village street.  Matters hnd been tacitly understood  between him and Dorothy. for a long  tliun, and when he had obtained the  position as operator at tlie depot he  had hoped soon to be able to make her  his wife. Then the Pirst National  bank was established In Tabor, and,  to tlie surprise of everybody, Almon  Spencer, who had been elected president, appointed Prank Paxton as cashier. The action had excited no little  comment, for Paxton was n New York-  ���er.~aiid_Tabor'_felt-thnt~the-posltlon  should have gone to a local man. Gerald had at first hoped to secure the  place himself, and now It seemed to  hlni thnt Paxton had cut him out of  everything. A lleree desire for vengeance, tilled his heart as he made his  ���'.way home ward.  His feelings had not changed the  next morning when he took his scat  at .the telegraph desk. Tabor was a  comparatively small town, and imost  ofthe business was on railroad affairs,  few local messnges being sent or received. After ho had reported the  ; 0:10 down train thoro wns little to be  done for more than an hour, and he  busied his brain devising some means  for overcoming IiIh rival.  fie nnd Dorothy had been lovers almost sinco childhood, ant) to lose her  to n city man seemed doubly hard.  Ho wns awakened from his reverie  by the appearance of the Janitor, of  tho bank, who deposited on the ledge  .n coin and n yellow telegraph blank.  "Mr.. t-'pcncei- says, to send that ot  ��� once, ph'.-,.-ee," this as Gerald mechanically counted the words... The Intier's  heart throbbed with sudden fierce satisfaction, for the message read:  William W. Blrdsall, Rank Examiner, Albany. N. T.:  Can you come up at once? Paxton has  gono wrong.        ALMON P. SPENCER.  Por more. than two hours Gerald  went through his work automatically.  'A delirious Joy filled his heart ul tho  thought that his rival was driven from  Poe and  the  French.  The keener appreciation in Europe of  literature as a line art Is no doubt the  main reason why Poe is looked upon  ovcr there as our most noteworthy poet. Poe certainly had a more consummate art than any other American singer, and his productions are more completely the outcome of that art They  are literary feasts. "The Raven" was  as deliberately planned and wrought  out as Is nny'piece of mechanism.; Its  inspiration is verbal and technical.  "The truest poetry Is most feigning,"  says Touchstone,, and this la mainly  the conception of poetry that prevails  In European literary circles. Poe'spo-  etry Is artistic feigning, like good acting. It Is to that extent disinterested.  He does not speak for himself, but for  the artistic spirit He has never been  popular In this country, for the reason  that urt, as such, is far less appreciated here thnn abroad. The stress of life  here Is upon the moral and intellectual  elements much more than upon the  aesthetic..'' We demand a message of  the-poet or that ho shall teach us how  ,t6;llre.\ Poe had no message but that  of-art.\ He made, no contribution to  our stock of moral Ideas; he made no  appeal to the conscience or manhood  of tlie race; he did uot touch the great  common workaday mind of our people.  He Is more akin to the Latin than to  the Anglo-Saxou; hence bis deepest Impression seems to have been made up-'  on the Preuch mind,���John Burroughs  in Century.  A.' Cap For Him.  An amusing story is told of a certain  fussy and quarrelsome mnn who is  'fond'of'threatening lawsuits and actions for damages on every possible  pretext and who is also not averse to.  taking mi'an advantage of his fellows.  On a recent occasion ; his bat was  slightly damaged by something accidentally dropped from the window of a  neighbor's house. The fact was set  forth lu an indignant letter from thc  fussy person, who demanded that the  hat should be replaced by a new one,  a decidedly modest request, seeing that  "th"e_origIiiarhat~was~old~and~shabhyr  while the injury to lt could have been  easily repaired.  The recipient of the letter, however,  Is a humorous gentleman well acquainted with the .weaknesses'of .his.correspondent. ��������� Instead of waxing Indignant at tbe Impudence of the demund  he wrote a playful reply, explaining  that times were bard, money scarce  and new hats at a premium. lie hoped,  however, that, as ho could not furnish  the aggrieved party, with a new head  covering he would accept the imilorkil  for one. And he Inclosed a sheet of  foolscap!���London Tit-Bits.  OK)d000*0*O��O0��O*O��Q*O*O*��  A Saving  Entanglement  By JAMES ALLISON <  'Copyright. 1902, "���'���.-'  Hy tho S. S. McClnro Company  5*o*o*o��ooo*oo*o��o��o��o��o*d  "You did It on purpose"���  "itelleve me, nothing was further  from"���  "1 sliall never believe a man so long  ns I live"���  Tho hands fumbling with the entangled skates closed convulsively ovcr  tho gleaming steel of the smaller pair.  "The trouble, was thnt you never did  believe In lilm really. You were always unjust"���  Ills voice wns low nntl tense. The  girl drew aside Impatiently.  "Mr. Ludlow, will you kindly dls-  cntnuglo those skates, or at least let  us step out of people's way."  Her cheeks were aflame. Nell  Priestly had Just leaned over the side  of her cutter to gaze at them curiously, standing thus beforo the Palace  drugstore.  "I am doing my hest," enme the humble reply. Ue Jerked off one glove,  and Helen could not refrain from glancing down nt his long, shapely hand,  with the seal ring sho had given hlni  tho Christmas'Just after their engagement was announced, nc bad not sent  It buck With the otlier things.  The two pairs of skates swung sport,  but he kept close to her side.  "As long ns we've gone this for���1  mean���cr���we've be.en seen together  again���I might ns well walk with you.  I tnke'It wo are hound for the same  phire. the park."  Helen stared straight ahead.  "I believe you dltl it on purpose,".-she  .remarked Irrelevantly.  "I couldn't." he responded, knowing  full well what she meant. "It would  take niontlis of practice to entangle' a  pair of.skates like that Just in passing  ynu, and you've given me no chance to  get thnt near you in���how many months  Is It, Helen?"  She ignored the question.  "But you came Into the store on purpose"-  "Vain child! I needed some potash  tablets for my throat."  "But." she persisted, "you did; not  discover the fact until you caught my  eye across my cup of hot chocolate,  nud then you'hesitated."  "So you acknowledge'that you were  watching ine?   Well, that Is a hopeful  not'understand that It was for yon.Vnll  for you."  Thoy had reached the lake In tin'  park. Helen sank mechanically on the  frozen bank and vvith the ohl childish,  gesture handed him hor skates. '��� H,e  fastened them witb hands that trembled. ���'������������  "Can't you understand, Helen?"  Still she sat staring dumbly across  the glittering expanse of Ice to the  woodland 'with Its glistening, ghostly  trees." Never had lie talked like this  beforo, and the scales had fallen from  her eyes with n suddenness Unit left  her fairly dazzled. No: she had never  understood lilm. He had seemed to  take their engagement so lightly. He  had hurt her again and again with his  perpetual Joking. It had all been so  serious a matter with her, nnd she had  thought he placed too light mi estimate  on her love because��� because��� well, no  sane man should treat lightly so serious nn allllctlon as a retrousse pose.  She rose and poised gracefully on  bor skates. Ludlow stretched out his  hands, and her own cuddled Into tils  confidingly. Across thc hike they sped,  looking straight Into each other's eyes.  "You understand me "'better., now.  Helen," be pleaded. "Tell me, dear,  that you believe I loved you always"���  She really wanted to reply In the  "Y'es" he longed to hear, but It was a  novel experience to see b I in so deadly  In earnest.   She shook her bead slight-  ly. x  "Oh, Lester, you've not been prnrtlr-  Ing law ln vain! As a pleader you're  Improving."  A pained look came Into, his honest  eyes. His clnsp on her hands loosened  and with a coquettish glance she shot  nwny from him. She shouted something over ber shoulder, but he lost the  words In a sharp, ominous crackle ol  weak Ice: There was a shrill scream,  and a second later he was circling  round a black hole where a crimson  Tain O'Shauter bnd disappeared.  *     :   ���      ���   * ��� * ���   . ,  *     �� *  They sot by the park keeper's fire,  wrapped In .strange, unsightly garments. Their host bad bustled out Into his bachelor kitchen to brew a hot  drink.  Helen faced Ludlow abruptly. Ther*  were dark circles under her eyes niul  her chin quivered pathetically as she  said:  "Lester, dear, did you hear what 1  called to you Just hefore"-  "No," he said moodily. "A; mnn  drenched to the skin Is not susceptible  to coquetry."  She continued bravely:  "I snld that I knew you loved me always _better than I deserved. : Yes, I  said that, dearest, before you Jumped  In after: me. You believe me,.don't  you?"  He looked Into her eyes. They glowed softly," tenderly.' He took her In his  arms.  "God bless you, girlie, and those  skates!"  TAKING NO CHANCES. "  Why TrunilM tVunld Xot Stop at an  < Ohio l'-armliouKe.  . "I thought to; try.Va little experiment  on tramps," said the Ohio farmer, "and  I put up signs all along the road Inviting them to cull at my place. I had  plenty of work for all who wanted It  and was willing to give every oue a  fair show. They read the signs, and  they came my way, but they didn't  stop. They'd call at overy other farmhouse, but they passed me by as If we  had the smallpox. One evening I stood  lit the gate as one approached, and  when he came up I asked:   -  "'Did you see my signs along the  road?'  "'Plenty of'cm,'he replied.       *  " 'Coin' to stop?'  " 'Not on your life.'  "'I can give you supper and a good  place to sleep.'.  "'Don'twant It.'  " 'See here,' I continued ns ho begun  to walk awny, 'what's the matter that  all you tramps puss tne by? I don't  look like n mnn up to tricks, do I?'  " 'I can't, sny yon do. but we ain't  takln' no risks, you understand.'  " 'Itlsks of what?'  ".'Why, I guess the crowd thinks you  aro one of them fellers who Invites a  tramp In to supper and then keeps him  at family -'prayers for nu hour aud a  half afterward'In order to get even  with him.'" VM. QUAD.  The Flier of tlit* Fntare.  The Tourist (en route)���Lemme know  when you near Toledo.  Conductor���Passed lt thirty-four seconds ago.  Tourist���What time do" wo reach  Adrian?  Conductor���You'll hnve to speak a  little quicker, my friend. That's Adrian  baekjliero.  Tourist���Next town is 'Sturgls, Isn't  It?  Conductor���It was. It isn't now, ���  Tourist���Then it's South Bend, I suppose?  Conductor���You aro a sl<>w supposer.  -Wo passed South Bend tliree seconds  hack.  Tourist���What nre we stopping i'or?  Conductor ��� Chicago.-  When John Waa In Doubt,  John was a coachman who tool: lifo  most seriously nnel, being very particular, vvouid roiurn freqiionily In the  course of the day to make sure he tin-1  dersiood thc orders thai line! been given  hlni In the morning. One afternoon lie  presented himself before his nilsiri'ss  ant! hegau: i  "Mrs. T., Ol'm not quite certain ez ;  to- Mr. T.'s ordher this mornin'.;- LH  was drolvln' lilm to the tlirnln. an' lie  noticed that the 'horse, was lame, an' lie  told me to do somt'tliln'' to him. mum;  but sure 01 don't know whither, lie told  me to shoe him or,to shoot lilm. Mebbe  ye can till me." |  A shoeing vvas-ivldenily required, lint;  the execution of the order and liki-win) j  of the horse wns deferred "until. Mr. T.  returned. ���       '  nii  I'Astexkd  nun skati-m with uands  THAT TItKMltl.KD.  symptom. Somehowlately when we've  met I've felt that you saw nothing'but  space."  "Do stop raking over dead ashes,  Lester:"  "Are they really dead. Helen? Isn't  tliere Just the least littlo spark slill  burning?" This was not limner. He  was thoroughly ln earnest.  "You must know that I love you;  that I loved you even when ymi doubt-  eel nie. ' And yon were so unreasonable. You Woulil not let nie explnln"-  She glaiii'i'd at him critically, lie  thought coldly.  "Yon have survived the episode��� ex-  "celli'titly.-You nnrlooking-vrry-wi-ll."-  There wns just  a  suggestion  of  n  sob in her voice. '-'People hud snld that  Helen  hnd  fallen off considerably  In  the hist lew months. (  "Yes. I have honestly tried to forget  my 'disappointment. 1 have worked  hard. The god Mammon has rewarded  nie better than did the little fellow to  whom 1 formerly pnlil iny devotions."  "I-I thought we��� you -were very  happy while It lasted."  "Happy and yet .miserable. Helen,  can't you see that your lack of faith,  your li'i'lltig thnt I'dld not prove my  'devotion to you,Were torture to me?  You could not or would not understand my temperament. ItccaiiKC I did  not tell you every time we met that  you were the most adorable woman  Of id bud ever made, thnt icould not  live without you und all the rest of the  childish, pretty .compliments tni-n pay  to a certain sort of woman you snld 1  did not love you. and yet In a hundred  ways I showed yon that you were the  one woman ' In the 'world lo me. I  never called on nny''other glrl-no,  dear, not even since you broke our engagement I .haunted your home until  1 was ashamed to look your father in  the face. I tried to show you that 1  needed you every hour of my life. I  gave up my pipe been use yon did not  like IL; I cut the Athletic club because  you objected to that gang.of fellows.  But because i did not announce .my  reasons from the housetops you did  Moot Point ot Law.  An English writer gives a good ex  ample of those quibbles In legal pruc  tlce that: have, a sort of fascination foi  certain minds. Some years ugo, while'  traveling on the continent, he met the  principal lawyer for the government ol  one of the 'principalities, who told blm  of it curious legal question. It hud ref  erenco to a railway station at the  boundary between two principalities.  Some one standing outside.Hit* win  dow of the ticket oflice had put; his  hand through and robbed tbe till inside.  The boundary line lay between 'where  the thief stood and the, till, so that lie  was actually In one, territory while the  crime was committed in: the, other  Here was a nice nut for the. gentlemen  learned iii the law to crack. Widen  of tho principalities sbould undertake  the prosecution.of the culprit?  ' At it they went In! good-earnest, and  tho arguments on either side were long  und vehement till the whole ease wns  embalmed In many volumes. At Inst  One side yielded so far as to say:  "We will permit you. as an act ol  courtesy, to prosecute, while ..nt the  same time reserving all our sovereign  rights."  At this point of the recital the Eng  lishmiin nsked, "And how/did the pros  edition end?"  "Ah, that ts quite anether matter!'  said his friend. "There was;no prose  cution; we were only nrrunglug vvlial  wo sliould do when we caught the rob  ber, but we never, caught blm."   ���  .: llopklimvlllc Ilnpiicnliidrn.  Our village, marshal Is a humane man  as wellus a vigilant sleuth. He supplies the prisoners in tho lockup with  fans and lco water at his ovvn expense.  We understand that-Mrs. Uriah Day  has lost her grandfather at the age of  ninety-three and that a cousin of Mrs.  Darius Williams dropped dead at the  age of eighty-seven. We: mingle our  tears with those of the bereaved.  Wo have been criticised for not going  to church of toner, but the, fact is our  best coat is split up the" back and cannot bo repaired, and we dislike to go in  our shirt sleeves. Perhaps we may bo'  able to buy a new coat In the fall.  The Feminine-Idea.  "In your basket ball tournament is  tho first prize for the team that wins  the most games?"  The fair devotee of the game looked  disgusted.  "What foolish Ideas you get!" she  exclaimed." "I should think any one  would know lhat the first prize is for  the team that: has thc most attractive  costume.-"  Woman'! Wrong;*.  She���Woman's unjust treatment begins at the altar.  He-How?  She���Why, her father gives her  away, but none of the groom's friends,  who know him I -st, evor givo him  away.  Proper; I'roupcct. ,  Wlgg���V.'hy do you take off your hat  every   time   Talkalot   tells   ti   funny  story? '  Wagg���That Is due to the force of  early training. I was brought up to  reverence old age.  < A IloneQt to Farmer*.  . .The ���. bonotlts that will undoubtedly  result tii farmors from the recent incorporation of the International Harvester company, which; tookovor the  business of tho five leaiding harvester  manufacturers have probably not  been considered by a largo portion of  farming community.  Tho economical necessity of a consolidation of tho interests of manufacturers and tlioso of their farmer  customers must ho apparent to any  ono who understands tho present situation. .'..." "i  Tho increased and increasing cost  of material, manufacturing and, selling���the hitter in consequenco of extreme nnd bitter competition between  miinufticturcrs und their several selling agents���hue mado the buslnoss unprofitable."  Tho two alternatives left for the  manufacturers wore oithor tho increasing of the prices of machines or  tlio reduction of tho cost of ���ninuufac-'"  ture and sales. The latter could only  bo accomplished by concentrating the  business in one company.       ���    ���'."������-..  As can readily be seen, the forming ,  of the new compuny vvas not a stock  jobbing operation but a centering of  mutual interests...-Thoro is no watered stock; the capitalization is conservative; and represented, by actual  and-.-tangible assets. There is no  stock olTcrod to thu public, it.having  till been 'subscribed nnd paid for by ���  the manufacturers and their associates.  The ';, management of the International Harvester. Compuny i.s in tlio  hands./ of well 'known;- experienced  men.  'llie-oITicers are' President, Cyrus  II. McConnick; Chairman Executive  Committee, Charles Dcering; Chairman Finance Committee, GeorgoWW.  Perkins; Vico-Prcsidents,* Harold F.  McC'ormick,- James Deering, Win. H.  Jones and John J, Glossner ;.Secretary and Treasurer, Richard F. Howe.  The members of the board of directors are ns follows ' Cyrus Bentloy,  William Dcering, Charles Deering,  James Dcering, Eldridge M. Fowler,  IC. H. Gary,; John J. Glcssher, Richard F. Howe, Abrnm M. Hyatt, William IT." Jotics, Cyrus II.'McConnick,  Harold F. McConnick, Goorge W.  Perkins, Norman B. Ream, Leslie N.  Ward, Paul J).  Cravnth.  Tho International Harvester Conv  puny owns live of tho largest harvester plants in existence, Tlie Champion, Deering, McConnick, Milwaukee and Piano���plants that liave been  producing nearly or quito 90 per cent  of the harvesting machines of tho  world.  It also, owns timber and coul lands,  blast furnaces and a steel plant ; it  hns a now factory in process of construction in Canada..  It is believed that the cost of producing -grain, grass and corn harvesting machines will bo so -reduced that  the present low prices can be continued, and that consequently .the results cannot bo otherwise ithan; beneficial to the farmer. To maintain'  the present prices of these machines  means to continuo and increase . the  development.of the agriculture of the  world, for no one'causo has contributed or can contribute more to this.ijh  development than the cheapness of j.'l  machines for harvesting-grains. M  A:i Iiil(*ri'Mtlnp: Tenelier. '  The eleiniliili' was trying to explain! 5  tht- Darwinian lh my tii his class vvhen t\  no observed lhut ihey vv-fi-e not inlying 0'  proper iitti'iillnn "Ilnys," he saiel, S;  "when I nm tryinu to e'Xpliild tn vein U,  th:1 pi'cullnrllii's of the' monkey 1 wish $j  you would loo!; rl;;!it nt mt'."  Too  affective.  The German proprietor.of a sawmill  inn-Mlnnesoui-town-usi'd-for-fuel-the  refuse from tho lumber. The fuel cost  nothing, but It took four men lo pro  vide It. because the machinery was old  fashioned.  An agent for mill machinery persund  ed the German to put lu new equip  ment which would reduce the amount  of fuel one-half. It looked like a gooel  proposition, snys the Duluth News  Tribune, and the agent, sure of success,  called on the German uftcr (lie uitichlii  ery had been Installed, expecting tone'  congratulated. Hut the German gave  hiin n gloomy stare  "What's the nuitte'rV Doesn't the inn.  chlnery do all I claimed Tor It?" uskcil  the agent  "Yn, but I overlooks sonietlngs."  "Whatwas tlmtV*  "Yell, it (lakes only (two men to linn  die tie fuel, but It dukes de udilcr twe;  men io haul tivuy vni ve didn't use pe  fore und u team pi'sldes."  A Mllllnry Onnht.  "Did'yoiivKoe u; boy about my size  round the corner?" a hoy Inquired of an  elderly gentleman who wus passing  "Yes, 1 believe 1 did," aula the man.  "Did lie look ugly?"  "1 didn't notice."  "Did he look scared?"  "1 don'i Uiiow.   Why?"  "Why, I heard he was around thi-ic  and 1 don't know whet her lie wants ii:  lick tue or whether he's afraid I'm go  lug to lick hlui.   Wish I did."  And Hope' Returned.  As the patient returned to consciousness ho saw that during a paroxysm  ho had kicked the covers off. Proceeding to replace thein. ho remarked:  "Ha, ha!; Despite the doctor's doubts  I will recover."*  Netting Pop. Illiunelf.  Customer���1 want llftcen yards of  netting. . . . ^    . .   Clerk���For nioseiuitoes?  Customer���Naw. you idiot! For myself. The mosquitoes have got enough  comforts already.  Tliouelit  It  Mkcly.  Mrs. Doodle���Anil will you lovo me  when I'm old nnel unlovely?  Doozle��� I suppose fo. You see, I'll  ho old und  d.ill)   then   myself.  A  8JlK.it  Mlstnlte.  ���, I.enve 'It. Out.  There  Is  but Uli"  nrt-lo'om't. -.1  vvni'.lil   ask   no  o'.lier   knuwli'dti".     A $fl  'lnm  who  knew  how   io omit   wm . 1  .!:i,I:p nn. "lad" of a dully Impel.���it. t  1* ..tpvpiison m  -' if,  There never was.  and  never will bo, a '  univen-sal, panucea,;in one reniody, .'for all  ills to  which; DeBh ' ia heir���tho vory ::na-  turo..of.-many curatives. bolnff: such -.that  wero the gerniB of  other and differently) H,l  seated discasea rooted  In  the system of tv>  tho patient���what would    rollovo ono 111 9 I  in  turn, woulii' nKcravato tho other.   We  havo,  however,: in - Quinine    Wine,' .whon -  obtainable 'in ;sound,.-unadulterated state,  a remedy for many and ariovoua ills. By  its   gradual and Judicious uso   tho trail- j  est    systems    are  led    into  convaleaenco {.  and strength by: the Influence which ��� Qui- f,H  nine exerts on nature's own restoratives, fjm  It relieves the drooping spirits of thoao*jP;B  with  whom  a   chronic   state-or morbid til  despondency and lack  of interest ln life 111  is   a   disease,   and,   by tranquilizing the/,?  nerves, disposes to sound and rcfrcshincHni  sleop���imnarto vigor to tho action of thoYj  blood,   which,   being   stimulated, -courses fu  through    the   veins,    strengthening    the  healthy   animal   lunctlons of the syBtem, *&  thereby making activity a necessary  ro- st  ���ult. strengthening tho frame, anel giving i  life to thc digestive organs, which natu- J  rally demand increased su'jstance��� result, \  improved-auDOtltOi=-Northrop-&-T_vman,-Mi  of Toronto,    have given   to    the public 2\\-u  their superior Quinine Wine at the usual sjifl  rate,    and,    guaged by    the   opinion of \J<JI  scientists, this wine approaches    nearest c,l  perfection  of any   in   tho market.      All 1.71  druggists Bell it. 'jAl    {[if J  K'.nyful Moiikcvs.  Apes mic1 goi liini nre nv.nlly vlclo'iS'1  nnd rtsentl'ul and lest addicted topi.iy-  fill tricks Iliiin the common monkey.  Indeed the monkej. as vve nil know, is J  n'tilckster both In his wild ami domestic slate.   Jn their native lorrstsf  Ihey spend houis in nwlnglrg from thet  hi.'.nchi's of tree... htispuudi'il b.v Iheirl  l.i,;-!.  and  chattel lug  nud  grimacing^  iv,ih evident slgnn of delight.    Hum-  liohlt mentions M't'lng over n bundled/  so employed In a South Aniorican fur-J  est  Golf' to. Rlnine- I-'or Her l,nuellneHfi  A ilsht'i'iunii noticed a linn Iv l,id.f"  sitllrg on ,i i nek nt ,\e>i h I'm wlck|^  I n ttlug, niul n"ii.*;rla'd (o li!>! louip.in f*  lu.1" "Tints n Inni'i mie 1 nklii v.'iiui-S,,  in.in Sin- sits d,i th it lock a' el.iy nyeSX  kiiiillu ),hi' iicvi'i *pi'.i!.s to ii llvlnw'j  'oui. .in .mill 1'i.ild. 1 suppose " is  '���Auld ni.ilil'" 11 plied the other  "^'Oft)  I.i*l     1   hem   hi'l   hud.     Hn   in.iu s  1>!  The P.ev. Mr. Jones���Did you say tho  chief: bad ma-down for a toast at tho  banquet?  Sa\;ago���No. He's got you down "on  toast'"  f  Cnnnela'a Forcati. If  It is estlmutetl tbnt Canadian forests I  will furnish wood for the pulp Industry [  for 840 >-enrs. S  wssms.  aBssrBSBwewwHMwwr Jri&h&t *t**fi��'P*p *M'>ii W'Hi'lWfcWtJiw  OKA'S QUAINT ORDER  7RAPPISTS ,LOSE THEIR MONASTERY  IN QUEBEC BY FIRE.  ft  ��:'  llonkl Labor lu Mlencv- Qa-��r lleblii uf  l)��voi��ca niid fume ot I'rodiicU uf  Tlielr Vlork VI lileiprced���1 hey M tnr  Vlhlto KobH���All of Ihela Jllut Work  -Sit In McdltHtiun unci Dull,  The monastery of tho Tinppicta at  Nolle Dame du Lac des Heu\ Montaigne s, hmned Thuisduy, July 22,  1D02, was one of the mo-t ivlehinted icligious houses on this unit incut.  The monnstciy wns one of tliiee or  four of tho kind in North Ameiicn  and had the honor of being the non-  tor. Another house has been established on tho River Pci ibontn, north  of Lnl.'o St. John, Quebec, one at St.  Norheit, Manitoba, and theie is nlso  % houso of the oider in the mountains of Pennsj lvania.  Tho order, whoso inembeis 010  pledged to labor and bilence, was  first established at Oka, Quebec, in  1881 by. Hev. Father Bellfontnine,  tvho anno from tho parent house in  France. Since then it lias giown  from four monks, who founed tho  colony, to uhotit 100. Tlicre is a  school of agriculture in connection  - tvith the monastery which is attended by a laige number of joung men.  The monastery stands on the Lau-  PAMOUS TKAPPIST JIOVASTUti A I llkA, J0S1  DLblHimD BY 111th  rentian Hills about three miles from  the village of Oka,, on the Ottawa  River, about foity miles fiom Monti cal, and only to be reached by the  Ottawa l.ivei steamers ot by ciossing the lake fiom Como. Eveiy summer it is visited by laige numbirb of  tourists, titti acted bj cm losity,  ^through the fame of tho ngoious  strictness of the leglme of llie ordei,  by piety ns pilgnms or the desue to  find a quiet ictieat in the hospice  whose dooi s are ev cr open to all comers except women, who aro nevei allowed on the premises of the oider.  Many business men from all ov er the  continent have sought its quiet seclusion when threatened with bieakdown  through hard woik or othei causes.  Whon tho order took up its tract of  1,000 odd acies fiom the Seminaiy  of St. Sulpice of Montieal it was  wild land, coveied with shiubbeiy  and in places with di if ting sand.  Now through thejabor of the monks  it is all coveied with thc voi dure of  luxuriant ciops or pastuie, while the  drifting sands havo been planted in  pine.  The fame of their cheeses and of  their wine extends farther even than  the knowledge of the strictness of the  monastic rule. Tho monastery and  chapel, which were buined with their  dependencies, weie valued at $300,-  000, the product of twenty-one years  of labor among these inhospitable  hills. Since the file the monks have  retuined to thc old wooden monns-  teiy which they built and which has  been used as a'"-ihool of ngnculture.  The pupils have been sent home.  Tho monks will at once silently set  to work to lecicatc the old monastery from its ashes by the pioceods  of their own toil. The piesent abbot,  Dom Aptonio Oger, had the miter  confencd on him by thc Tope a few  yeais ago, " ��  The vows of the order enjoin per-  pctunl silence, which rule is asstnet  as that of communnlity. On u"itmg  the place and seeing a number of the  monks at work in the fields oi by  tho wayside one is stiuck by the silence more than by any othei feature  of the place It seems unnatural and  uiiciinny to see a large gioup of men  toiling without a woid being exchanged Signs aio used when ncces-  saiy.  The working dress in the fields is a  long white lobe, looped up at the  waist so as not to impede tie weni-  er's movements, a rope belt, sandals  or sabots and no headdress whatever  All thc monks hnvo the crown of  their heads shaven.  Thc monnsteiy wns an immense  stone building four stories high,,foi m-  ing thi oo sides of a squat c about a  courtyard On entering ono was met  by a guest master dressed in a. eiark  brown ,robe, who, being uhtolved  fiom the vows of silence, made one  welcome  At 2 o'clock he^ ushered one ' into  A"  the  themselves with small whips. The  sound of tlie bell calling to rrayer  rouses them nt 2 am., and m two  minute's thereafter eaeh monk must  be out of bed and down to the chal-  el It Is a wend sight to see tho  white-iobed monks defiling down tho  unlit stairs and taking their places  in silence in the gloomy chapel, lit  only by tho altar lamps After a  time of silence the morning olllce is  surg, the uli oie lasting until four  o'clock. They then separate to the  labor of the holds aftei a slight le-  pust. 'lhe lay bi otheis aie etempt  fiom many of thc leligious. ofhees  nnd begin work at 8 o'clock in tho  summer.  At nt'on all assemble for the office  of se\t, nnd again foi the dinner at  2. Tha aftei noun is again devote,1 to  lnbm. The olllces of icligion and thc  houis of labor vary bomowhnt in winter.  Once every duy the monk's lopnii to  a long room furnished wilh benches,  on which thoy sit fgr religious meditation und tho confession of faults  and sins. One who finds thut he has  done aught amirs wulks to tho eeutic  of the room, anel, lying faco elov n-  vvni d on the flooi, penitently kisses  It.  Ono wing of tho monastery is set  aside as a hospice, to which ull men  may como and be welcomed. No  charge is made, hut no gift is lofus-  ed Meat niul wines nntl tho cider  for which thu older is famous may bo  obtained by the guests.  Tho histoiy of tho older goes back  Into the mi'fv past. It was founded  as a submon.i'teiy of the Cistercian  Older by the Count of Perehe in  1140 in the wilds oi. tl.e valley of  Sohgny La Tiappe, clepfUtment of  Orne, France.  SALISBURY'S ESTATE  LORDLY HOME   TO WlMlCH   EX-PREMIER OF GREAT BRITAIN RETIRES.  Twenty llllri Out nt I.onrion MmicU Historic llutfleld Home���Merunte , PI <ce  of luterest 3lnre Tliuu 700 Y, ur* A.*,,,  Mnce VWien tli* Armoriyl l:��.iilnnn of  Uuubh of ( veil Huve  Hnltl '����>,  When lord Snhsbuiy laid down the  icms ol Uoveiimimt lhe othei day  and ii'tuid from public life, he had  not fai lo go to luul the i est ml  Bcclusion ior vvhieh he gave up the  premitiship o, 1'ivnt lit ita n Twenty miles out of Loudi'ii sttinihiift in  the eentie of a gieat estate, is Hatfield House, It is the home to which  the sturdy old .statesman has mined, and it is one of thc lordliest in  all   England  Although pa*,t the ullottod threescore and ten, Loid Salishtiiy is   in  BI_rS CARMAN.  VI rlter of n �� ornnntlou Oils af llora Tliun  U��uiil iluslt.il Vlrllltv-l��ffer��  (��eLcr,,u< llom.itf��,  Tho Coronation Ode by Bliss Caiman has bem punted in neat pamphlet foim, and meets the hearty inteiest to all vvho appreciate to any do-  giee the power which Englnnd represents m hei widely scattered dominions to-day.  Mr Caiman's words speak with  spirit and lojalty, and thej line-  forth notable testimony to )h'v  fi co-born ongin They celebialTe the  gathonng of the clans from all oxer  the   earth to do honot  to King Ed-  /i  the icfcctoiy in the bnscment  nauovv board table inn aiound  hall, at which on the .side nemest the  wall wero llttlo wooden stools stnntl-  lng on a stone floor. The monks entered in single file and silently inng-  cel themselves about the table When  the stipciintendcnt nt the head of the  table stiuck lt with a wooden hammer tho monks dicvv foi tli small  whips and flagellated themselves ns  long as the sound lasted. Theii food  was then passed lo them, consisting  of n bowl of soup of vegetables with  bientl. Meat and eggs, as well as  wine nie foi hidden Onlv in case of  sickness is any deviation fiom this  Tule allowed.  If one has committed a fault he  stnnels up and his food is_,icn ovctl,  bolng leplnced by an empty dish, und  then with bowed heiiel he pns'-es  around begging fiom his luclliieu.  Fiom Easter to Sept. I'l the tule allow!, only it wo such,meals a day, for  tho iest of tho jear one.  Work is incumbent on all, and it is  not unusual to see the mlteieel abbot at labor in the Ileitis with tho  monks The siipoiintcndent assigns  them then tusks eaih da}, unci these  tire fiequcntly changed lest a monk  might become attached to his pin ti-  ctilai task. The time is divided between prayer and labor, study and  sleep.  At 7 o'clock the monks retire to  bods of hard straw nnd Jie down  without removing their habits Some  have pillows of compiossed straw  whilo otheis use ' squaie pieces of  timber.    Before retiung thoy scourge  DL1SS CARMAV  waid, their measures vibrating m no  uncoi tain terms; and the noblest  singng thnt the poet does is given  to thc versi\ among which the- following explains the dominant  note  And sloivlv,  verv    slowly,    the    gorgeoas  clrcini prows bright,  Where   use   the    four    Democracies     of  Anglo S-ixcm 'light.  The fiepuulU. fair, alone,  The Coinn'oiivvvalth,  new grown;  The   prouil    lesericil   Dominion,    with   a  slotv   of her own,  Anil Oue tlint shnll    emeree    at    length  from tiavnll, war and lilU-ht.  'Ihere are twenty-eight verses und  thoy picture nobly, in their stalc-  ment end suggestion, the lemnrknhle  hi'-to'ic pageant ot which the vetieel  ciowds that have gone up to England this summer aie fittingly lepie-  scntativo England'and her clnldien  foim a gioup of which eveiy Kngli'-h-  h/ieasin^ individual is, in ono wnv or  atiotlui, proi.d and Mr, Cm man's  lines are aftluent with pictuiosiaie expressiveness and elovutionary tribute  His is tho thought that glows with  the patnotism which is humanitarian and which cmbiaccs the woild,  singing boldly the goods and evils of  tho present and claiming the peate-  powcr   ol a gloiious futuie  Iho verses aro musical, thoy ring  clear, thoy proclaim a vnile message, and they offer genji ous hom-  ags.  linn of the *>lx Hiindr��*,l  The death has occurred of Alexander Gree^nlaw, a Boidoi icpiesenta-  tlve of the famous ehiuge Alccnn-  dei Giecn'aw was a native of Dunbar, nnd was solving Ina _ appren-  tiioship-ns_u_cnbinot_iu.il.er~when", ho  Ciimcun wni hioke out lie left thc  bench, nnd pioiLOding to Ld.n iingh,  volunlOJicd  his  tcti'ii's and  was ac-  Isbta-y :lis[ casts busiutdiilv s n  tho 1'io.t --ilinel'd baiiv,iKtn> lull-  in Hi" i n gdn i H ����� o no e , n  I o t on hung vvi'h line 1 lcluie- .ill  in ihj j asi has seen huum a gic.il  galheuris' of notable fcople  'Ihe nun ble hull. -,o by :U) feet in  dune slons paneled with oak, linul  with i.ue old tapestry, and lit by  an onel win low, is nnothoi notable  feature ol the house "i eic among  the ninoiinl hearings, Imilgcs, eie-  coiations anel idles nio two banneis  pit'f-cntcil to the owner of Ilntlield hy  the liiike of Wellington 'ihey weie  pait of the spoil In ought fiom Pans  in   1811  In the lilu.iiy uie Iho oak iradio  of Qiicn Kb/nbelh, (he oileiiul  pioihunution of Su liob-'it Co-il de-  rlaiing .Inmes of Scotland Kin,; of  Englnnd a pure once this piopouy  of ���lames I end hmrhods of ee;Jinllv  intiiesilig idles of ill' da.vs when  Hat (hid wns a favonte ictieat for  royalty.  MR. SEDDON AT HOME.  Interesting-   InrlfliMit   in   tlm turi,��*r of a  Coloniul Miitf-Kin iii-'hw f'ottuca In  VI hlih !,�� v. im Horn.  "\li Seddon, Piennoi of New Zealand, nmved at St Helens on a ie-  cent Satin dny, says Lloyd's Weekly,  for the puipose of icieiving the freedom of tho boioagh The i ifcht  hem gcntlemnn, vvho was accompanied by Miss Seddon nn'l Cay Seddon (son), was given a public reception There weie two guards of  honot, composed of the 2nd V B  Lancashno and Leiiesteisluie Engi-  neeis, tho latter just retuined fiom  South Afuca  As the tuin vvas appioaching St  Helens there was an accidental contact with ��=omo goods ti ticks, nnd  Captain Seddon vvas hmt bv tho violent oscillation, that gallant young  officer sustaining   a   ralher ugly cut  I HE Ki;,,.\S J)L\NERS  ���\CCOUNTTI-UT BPINCS T4ESCE  VIVIDLY bEt-CRE ONE  NES  llx Humlr, ft 1 lunn, mil of I ondoit'i. I'uor  )Ii.<1a l(i,|i|,> I,) the Kn s'h e.tni^toKiiy  ���1 li�� I nil. e of VI ulei* 1 ���ur - VV lull ihr  I IniSfN **hiv In 1 iitfrlHlnti 3; ili^ **ul>.  Rlrrjrd   VIlk.H^fl���Dlllllrr ur   l iillmm.  Over six: hundred thousand poor  weie on Snliudi'.v, duly 12, entertained by the King in vn-iots ecn-  ties tif the mi'tiopolis When His  Jfnjestv was lust st'n.on down and  the coionation postpm cd it was de-  (iinti'1y oideicel that, these dinners  should proeeed On S.uuiel.l.v the  Piinre nnd 1'iincess of Wales, as le-  piosentl'g the King anel Queen, vis-  itcil iPulham, Poplar,  Victona park,  millet in, wM'h he* had no doubt tliey  wou'd all like to hem As tie meel-  ical opinion v,as pio,'an ,J the  guests and the slew aids lus' l v eie i-  ed, the fo inei vaving the.] knives  unel folks i nil fei nig \e,l),i evpio-,-  sion to then delight und tali itection.  Che'is weie i 1 o tailed foi ,'i.e! given  to the Prince.  Thm the meal began m earnest, the  rrince and Pun iss waiting io see  the thoiisnm's of heads lovveied, as  it seenud, on to the plates, and to  heat the biihol of joy whicli only a  gooel elni'iei to hungry souls can pro-  viele As lhe Uo,.al pnrtj piepaicd  to leave, the bunds, of which theio  weie foui���including the Fulham piido  bfitiil���stiuck up Clod Save tho  King," and the icfiain was taken up  by the dlneib in the tents, who by  then had got well undei weigh with  their icpast Befoie diiMng ofT, es��  coittel by'holdicis as befoie, th*  Piinee evptossul both to the Major  nnd tlu UMiop, on behalf of the  King, his licuty approval of nil tho  airungeiiicnts, while tho Piinccs added, on behalf of both hei self nud her  husband, that the visit had been a  real pleastue  .<!     ^'  x^kmuz.  i^^\  , ots or Tnr ��i\ in;\n'.M>.  cepted for tho i;,th Light Ihngoons  He was at Balaclava. Alma, and Se-  hastopol and wo*, awnulcd two medals i nd three clasps About twenty-  five jems ngo he succeeded to the bus- ! iomi aniuVel7l^a'in"'''siijpportJd  tnncc    ..f   tl,,,    Inln    Tln,l,n      lliitflnt,    ,1IV1_ ...  mess of the late Bailie Btmlop,<Ed-  mbiirgh, which he conluited till the  day ot his tloalh Sir Oiccnlaw was  a woll-knovvn politican In that rity  He leaves aVunnlv of thieo daughters and one son  SIMM.  I0OVI VIA>TEt, 1IAIHK1I) 110US,  gooel health and will doubtless enjoy man*, jut's of life m the qu "t  of lu> countiy home Hi is a In'fa  laniholdei, own ng about 20,(n  acies nnd seveial line countiy u>i-  elcnces, among them Wiiliner casiio  a* Peal, but Hatfield House, lleit-  foid hue, whole he vvas bom, will be  tho   homo of his declining vcais  Hatiiel 1 House has been foi cent-  ui ics one of th.' notable homes of  Englnnd It became a place of interest moio than 700 jeais ago, and  since that time ' the ci ovvn, thenitor  and the coronet," tho mmortal bearings oi tho house of Cecil, have held  sway ovei   its c'ostinies  The piesent st me tine was icaied in  th.' eln.vs ol Janes 1 , but paits of  tho building antedate th it penod  Notable au ong these old pai ts of  Hatfield is the palace," vvlneli was  tho home ol the Pnncess Eli/alelh  in tie leign of his sister, ipiecn  "���inij  'Iho estate belonged to the Savon  kings until it wits given.by Jvnig  1 dvi to tlie monasteiy of St Lth-  e'l Ju at Lly 'Jhe manor house be-  ea.no .the , icsidin.c of ihj pi elates  and vvas occasionally used as aio\-  ul losidence until the icign of Htniy  VILT , vvhen it v,as deeded to the  crown Prime LJvvnid, uftcivvaiels  Edevnid VI , 1-vul at the palace and  it is said that he was theie vh n  the news of his 'nther's death icached hun, nnd thnt h's, accession to the  crown took plnee ut the statel.v hill  A few jiars aftei he became King,  tho young ironaich tomejed Unified to his sistei, the Pi-ncess Pli.-  ab.th, a'tervaid Queen Elizabeth,  nnd ihere she lived undei survcil-  lance thiough tho greater pait oi  Queen Mary's icign.  In ih.'.third year of the reign of  James I , ho exchanged Hatfield foi  the hoi.se, manor an 1 puih of'J heu-  bolds with his minister, Sn Hobett  Cecil, alterwaid Earl of Salishuij,  whoso descendanl, the present Mm-  ijuis oi Siilisbuiv, now owns the  estate Heie h' has entci-tained at  vnnois  tunes  the    gieat  peisonnges  of   lhe caMh_in_tt_in��.iini.|_lnfitting  hib gioat v^elath ind anciMit hneaa,e  'Iho piesent Knu h.i-> been Ins guest  on irn ni'.oiiib'o oerti'-ions when Piin'o  of \mles, but only ouic since he succeeded to tin thione.  Hntfie'd Uotise, in vvh'ih the Slai-  qms of Snlisbuiy will in futuie siicnd  most of his time and vvheio he will  doubtless ontcitnin his friends us legally es of joie, is u brick stiuc-  turc of-vnst evtont It was built  between tho veais lOO." and H>11 by  liobert Ceeib flist Enrl of Nulishui v",  Lai ci it surtctci! fiom neglect but  wns icstoied mil boaulilled in tho  ink'l'o of the Inst cuiliiij b.v the  slMh ouil 'n if'M a gieut pait of  the west \\ ii�� hus d'stroji'd by (ue,  iu vvhieh the dnwu^ei Mm ih muss of  i-nl HI in,v lo-tlei h'e Arti'i lhe the  li g uoi ill i dotation of lhe building  to n,   plate  Tlo hoi.'-c forms tluco sides of a  sep nie, the hollow putt tinned to-  w ni el lhe south .'he Kn'.ie is lco',-  ed ni on as a fnj specmen of 'lie  I'nlhidmn stvle und although of nu\-  ol iiichitcctiiie, is highly plcusing to  the cje 'lhe wing-, mo massive it ml  ,"eath  coiner by sepiaic turiels soven-  ut  VTIIHtr I'ltl VIIFlt SPDDOV WAS 1'01'K  ovoi the right eje-biow by being suddenly thi own against a win'low-  fi imo of tho compartment. In an  addiess given<outside thc town hill,  J11 Seddon, I'oiemnj to tiade, snl,  to his mind, things were not sutis-  ..utoiv In tho h.ngungc of the  Pi into of Wales, we must "wake up"  hi'ie in the mother rounti.v, >nhei-  vvise vve should find tiade nnd in.inu-  laetuies depuit Jn his speech at  tho mavoinl luncheon Jlr Seddon  i-onlen 'cd that the Colonics hud  shown that th"v weie pitpared to  s|'n'l nioii'y, and that which vvas fur  'dra ei than nil���life itself���in main-  ti'ining the f-rnnd old Hag of o.u  free eoiisliitition In his speech nc-  Miowle(l,in^ the honoi ennferrod upon lnm, Mi Sedd'ti -.aid (lint for lhe  s.ifetv oi Ihj coiiniiy, its tiado, and  ���naniifacti ics, he vvou'd l'ko te) see  labor oigani/el and capital oignniz-  id and both weiring foi the common i-ooil As things stood now, we  weie di Ring  lhe liight lion R J Seddon Tre-  m,ci of New Zealand was horn an  L n .I'.hiio, and lhe little cottage in  which he lust <-uti the light is still  stnn nj at St Helens, and is pu-  tured on one of the panels of thc sil-  ver-gi't casket containing the scroll  pic-entod to hun on Saturday The  sti net in e is an ancient one, a tablet  on one, of the walls bearing date  1684 At one time it seived as a  cliupel and was connected with a  nussicn hall oi Jmrih in the same lo-  'nlity When ^'ew Z.n'und s piesent  Premier was bo n in the house in  l^d,1, a school was conducted theio bv  his fa!hei \t t'e age of 12 young  le'ichu d Pcdt'on finished his ortiirKiij  s h lol'ng. and Mil sequent ly completed Ins education elsewhcie A few  jc.iis Intei h" proceeded to Austinlin  and in iho Antijodcs has become a  famil.ar nnd famous sublett. Out  lllustiaiion is made fiom a sketch b>  a   coiiespondciit  LIEUT    HARDHAM, VC.  Hovt A   1!��mb*>r of tin, O h   Nevr yc.ilin,!  ( o'tl lucent Won tlm ll���nnr.  I tout Hnidhnm of tho Ninth Nevv  Zcnl.Mid contingent, one or tho four  Colonial���oihecis���vvho���lcceived���'the  Victona Cross fiom thc hands of tho  Pi live of Wales ut the gieut loviow  in .I line last, is the son of a New  '/���ea'un I sho"p fiiiii'cr l'o <-ailod  fiom Aiiikland vvilh his ciiiitin,'ont  on J'aich 10 this \eni, nnd the gallant  action ior which he has reteiv-  PISISCI'S   Mi.IVAI.   VI   HLHAVI.  and the People's Palace with consid-  cinble State nnd ciicumslance Other  royalties weie distiibutcd in eveiy  pait.  Dining the many functions thev  have attended it ,s doubt.ul whethei  the Piinee and Piim.es>> of Wales  mixed moie ficelj with the pool peoplo of London than they did on this  oicasioti. As lhe dneet lopresontn-  tives of the King, tho host oi oOO,-  000 happy subjects, the Pi nice and  Pnncess leit Voik House at noon in  a senii-Stute lnnihiu with scailet outriders, escorted by a detachment oi  Royal Hoise Gu.uds, and followed by  anothei landau continuing membois  of the suite At tho cnu mice to  Bishop's gaidens, which sticteh so  enchantmgly on the bank of the  .Thames, moie than ono tuuniphai  arch gieoted the distinguished visit-  oi s, considei able aitistic ability being displayed Especially noticeable  was a gaily lestooneel aich nem the  pavi'ion, bcaiing the piomiiicnt nisei lption ' We 'lruly and Sinccicly  Piay God Save the King"  It was near the spot vvheio thc  Major und Coipoialion oi I'ulham  leeeivet' the Pi nice and Pnncess, and  wheie 500 pietty clnldien lonied m  singing the National Anthem Theio  weie conspicuously few poire about,  foi the visit was intended to bo a  homely affun, but a guard of honoi  was furnished by the 2nd South Alio-  dlesex Volunteeis Tho o.igmnl arrangement vv as that tho Roj al couple  should moiely dnve lound but having alighted and acknowledged thc  gieeting of the slevvaids, the Prime  and Pnncess weie escoi ted up the  pnncipal giavel path by the Aiajor  and the Bishop of London As the  Hoyal piogioss was made thc scene  was voiy effective The Pi nice clad  in a light giey fiock suit, with a  flower in his button-hole, was chatting affably with the Bishop, who  pointed oJt the vniious features of  interest    These weie many  The whole lcgiment of diners,' to  the niimbei of lei,000, had assembled  lound the two and a half miles of  tunics tho guests were augmented by  over 2,000 steivaids and win tois of  both sexes, so that when the Pnnco  and Princess passed down to the end  of each tent voice was joined with  voice in one tumultous loar more-  ovei, it was cheering befoie, and not  after dinnci, and the. efore perhaps it  vrs moio uniform and'sustamed On  the table the Pnnco und Pi in ess  (ould well descry the upturned beakers, girts of the King, charged with  beer or lemonade, as suited the taste,  THE ARGYLL CUP.  Mani��*nto nf a   VVorld-l inuoUB Itomanc*���  oiri of llolilij   lliirin to Hlu l'urly  l.,>vt', "lll.liliitiil   Uud."  "Ilobeit Bums to Mary" is the inscription on a quaint looking silver  codec pot that atti acted much cun-  osity tho other day, says Lloyd's  Weekly newspaper, at tho auction  rooms of Mr J. 0. Stevens in King  street, Covent-gaiden, and was eventually sold for 17 guineas. Expeits  have christened this piece of plato  the Aigyll Cup, as it was a gift  from the poet to his eaily love,  "Highland Maiy " Tho hall mark  date is 1784, so that Burns was probably not much over 23 vvhen he sent  tho piesent to tho pietty dany-maid  at '"The Castle of Montgomery,"  whose name he has immoitalized in  one or the noblest of all his ballads.  Cunningham hus described Mary as  handsome rathei than lovclj, and  possessing the neat foot and the low  melodious voice that the poet loved.  Bums was delighted with her good  sense, and on Sundays loved to show  A   I.nrc��� Iluok.  The myul dock at Portsmouth with  nn area of 293 acres, Is tha largest  lu England.,  ty leet high  'lhe Hind story of the central lower cotituins a clock and thc nrmoiuil  heunngs of tho founder, with tho  Hate 1611, in which year the present houso was (unshed. The south-  cm fiont is ilOO feet long, und the  eentio is 140 feet Tho wings aio  HO feet wide and pioject 100 foot  from the centre.  Tbo dining hall is which Loid Sal-  LIFUT. IIMIDHAM, V.O.  ed tho eovcie'il eioss took place at  N'nauvvpooi t m Mav 'lhe Colonials,  who weie scoutiner, cuine upon a  stiong paitv oi I'oeis, aid h.'d to  rush foi covei undei u heivy die A  fceigcant ol the Noith Islnnd Battalion, hud fallen woundoi, nrd Lieut  lluidhum left his sheltei anel leaching his wounded conn ado, gave him  what aid he could, and then coolly  eiuiie.1 him to u safe position amid  a hall of bullets Our portrait is  from a, photograph of the gallant  lieutenant, by courtesy ol ths Auckland Weekly Naws.  TH     IUNVU1  AT H-. I, VVI  they could seo thc phttcfuls of tempting meat, the steaming hot potatoes  which hud been boiled nt u imghboi-  mg hii'werv und brought to the purk  in desks, the jugs of boot nnd tho  chunts of bicud, but above all thov  could see line upon line ol men und  women oi all ages and tjpes wuilng  lmpatiintly foi  th" woid to mil in.  The    maioiity     , eie    ically  well-  diossed, and hoio    outward evidence!  of a e.iifful buish-up.    Sonic hi ought  then   babies and piopped them upon  their knees while the pioiess of eating was taking phuc.   In nine cases  out  of ten the women kept the tick-  els, which aie to he lieasiiicd   as   a  souvenir of tliu occasion, but  not so  the men.   Mnnv  of  these invitations  being carefully wi upped up In paper  or cloth,  and  ben led  in   the   bosom  dm lng tho men 1    Though most of tho  eldcily  women   weio  In   black,   theie  was  no  ahseneo  of  blight  coloi    to  dm ken the guy    scene,  tho Pi inccss  hpisjlf  appalling  In  a eicamy-vvhlto  silk diess, which gieutlv  beciimo hor  i   All tho guests u nun keel to one another on  the chci'ifiil iippcninncc   of  the Rojnl visitois, and  this impression vvas moie thun continued   when  the rrince read out n copv   of    the  moinlng bulletin,    which gnve   such  gratifying jievvs    of    the King's pio-  giess.    Just   prior', to   this net   tho  Bishop of London    said    gi ace,   the  Pnnco  and  evorjone    else, icmoving  their hats    Then the Pi nice stepped  forward, and "��� m    a loud voice said  thut he had been'special.} asked   by  V��'i'> King to read to them the latest'  Till   ATGU,!   CUP  her his favorite walks on the bank*  of the Ayr, in the woods of Coils-  field, and by the stream of Taile,  wheie a thoni is pointed out as connected with then stoiy H was in  these early stages of thou biief  courtship that the Argyll (Jup was  picseniod 'Jhe ti.igic ending of tho  stoiy has been best desmbed by  Burns himseh  After a piclt} long tnal of the  most ,u dent, leeipiocal afTection, wa  mcl bv appointment on the second  Sunday of jlla.v in a. sequestoicd spot  on the banks of the Ayi, wheie we  spent a dnv in taking a fniovvell, befoie she shoulci embark foi the West  Highlands, to arrange matters  among hei fiiends for oui piojected  change of life At tho close of tho  autumn following she crossed the sea  to meet me at Gieonock, wheie sho  had souco landed when she was seized with a malignant lever, which  hun ied my deal gul to her giaie Pi  a few elays, beioic I could even learn  of her illness  The farewell refeired to was per-  .oimccl in a stnking waj rJhe lovers stood on each side of a small  brook, dipped their hands in tho  sti cam. and holding a Bible between  them vowed to bo faithful to each  othor. TheVArgyll Cup survives us a  memento of the world famous romance of the ploughman and the  danym.iid  CARDINAL PAROCCHI.  A Princo  Amnnir  the   R��lliriuiiii   Contro-  ver��iuH��l�� nf the Old WorM  Caidinal Lucido Maria Parocehi,  who vvas nuntioned us the probable  sutccssor to iho late Caidinal Ledo-  chovvski'ns pei feet of the college   of  the   piopaganJ.i. is legaid.d as tho_  greatest of living cai'h'ials,  and    a  CAIlllIVAI    rAHOCCHI  pnncc anion? the relig.o'is contro-  voisiuli'-ts of tho old woild Ills  ftlh.r was a pooi Muntr.ii miller  vvho etesniil lo see his son a member  of tl o cleigv, and the bo1 was placed  in ti .lining nt the ago of 14. In  1877 Popo Puis IX ci cu tod Parocehi a euidinal At piesent ho is  vice ihnnrcllor of the Holv Roman  chin eh ind sec i clary of the college of  thc iiiquis.tion 'Ihe eatd nil is 69  yeais   old  Chanty sometimes begins at homo*  but frequently nowhere.  >    -V,  )  ���X ^ I-  ���v -1 - \ ,-- THE INDEPENDENT.  SATUUDAY OCTOBER   18,   1003  THh. uNiJi^hNDENT.  *\  k  >%  II  1 &-nit  ml  W  PUBLISHED     WKEKLY   IN   TUB  IN-  TttltiOdTS UK THIS AiASSiid  THE lNDIoriCNDtiNT PRINTING COM-  I1 A NY.  BASKMKNT      OK       KI-ACK      HLOCK,  HASTINGS 8TUKKT.   VAN-  COUVKU, li. 0.  enmcuiv-TioNS in advance.  A week, 5 conts; month, 15 cents; three  months, vs. p����nts; six months, Co cents;  one year, ?L25.  ENI30KH13D BY TUE TRADES AND  LiAHUtt COUNCJU THE V^VNCOUVKU ljAltOU 1'AIITY AND THB  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  <u-."i jj m ljByjt"AB.rL>  Tlie Independent can always be had  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SA'irillUY OCTOBEK-18, 19U2  j:xi>ing Tiin stiiiki:.  Tho ��u\iL hli ike 01 thu anthiiicite  coal inuifis in l'cnnsylvumii is about to  ternitiuiu 'Plus hus heon one 01 the  gieutusL fights of oi^ani/ml l.ihin in  lhe wo: hi, und .ll oner demon-sti al(N  what ii Lii'iiiL'iidous jtowor u liiuiil full  of cupiMhsLs iHissus'-. Thi' jhcLuiu is  appalling .lusl to think that tho whole  nation can bu lniuiu to Miner tlnouuh  the hiill-ho.ulutini^s and tinognnte of a  few     men Tho   idea   that   thu   people  must mm uish 11 oops to piotuLt the  mines, and yet they do not possi-ss the  power to inteiieiu in sti iko inattcis is  equal l.v a puiadox 1'iesicleiit Koosi1-  vclt done a good sum it e. oi which all  organized labor will gi\e hini mil ei edit Hut this met doe.s not iu anv way  placo them undei Lumphmont to the ie-  publican ptu Ly as against then own  Thc politicians fenced the ope tutors to  surremlei to thu "tender" nieicies ofthe  president. The dcinociuts accused the  republicans ioi allowing the sti ike to  proceed and made some political capital   out  ol   it   which   will   have  a  telling  the threo streets in tho, old ���> Cranvillo  town.site, namely: Carrnll, Abbott und  Cainhle. 'The city must nmkc up its  mind that itoniust put up u big fight,  and therefore should instruct Solicitor  Wilson to initiate proceedings right  uway. Until the cily establishes its legal status us to thu control oi these  properties it is premature to talk of  disposing its interests lu the 0. 1'. It.  for a compact block of lund on the water . front.. Tlio substance of the contest in u nutshell is whether or not  ihu citi/ens of Vancouver are to have  free      access      lo ���      the waters      uf  Hurraed      Inlet      or      whether their  rignts ate to bo conlioiled at the wh.iu  ol the Nitlwuy company or any oi ils  olliceis.  Till:   U.   l\  It.     AM)    TIIK    IJKA1NS  The (pif-Lion oi closing the tin re slu el  (Iiauis   hy   the   U.  J'    lt.  at  the  ends  ol  Cat i all,   Abbott      uud     Cnmhiu    sticets  came   up  ior  consideration   ut   the     city  i count il  on  .Monday  mien) mm   last,  This  , matter  is  somewhat dilTeienL to  that  oi  t closing   the  stieet  ends.   For instance,   il  [ Ihu com ts decide thnt the 0. 1*. K   own  tliu   street  ends,   yet   the  company   must  j hear   thu     expense      ol      re-opening  the  diaius.      31 r.   Wilson,   K.   U.,   wus   veiy  trunk in giving it as his geneial opinion  that  the city  has   the  undoubted     light  to  open any dram  jt, may sou lit to the  sea.     This   being  tho  case,   and   the  city  having already   put  in   thu  diums,   those  who destioy  them  must bu held responsible theioior.    Ji the city has power to  leguliite   the  dininuge   of   the     city,     it  also  can e\pi opt kite Janus  that may  be  deemed necessaiy to  put diuins thiough  The   C.   1*.   K ,   theiefoie,   can   ha\u     no  special   privilege  lugaiding       wheie     the  diams shall  oi   shall   not   ho  put.   .This  lailway company is just us liable to tho  laws   of   tho   piovincu   thc   same   as   any  other coi pontic body, including the city  I Tho question  then, which sliould go     to  the couits is  to establish the fact    be-  1 yond a doubt that the   city controls it4*  own diuins.    The city, by authority    of  that   wonderfully      and     leuriully   niade  ' document1,  known  as  the city      charter,  has   contiol   of' 'its   diaitis,'' or   ralher   it  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  Political'Sky Clearing.  Thu  jiolilicul   sky   of  tlio      lion.   Joe  .Martin seems  to  bo clearing in  u most  rcniurkuhlc inuntit'i*.���Kootcnaluu.  "Ili*n|> .Snboy."  Hoes i'Milin Sini!, or Mini: l'snlin. or  tine Lung, the luniikcy-i'iu.'cil chink from  Whitewater, wlio poddies vckuIiiIiIoh in  .Siiniloii, tnke ouf' a , peilillei-'ii license'.'  Heap Siiliey?���The l'uystmik.  Proceeding Apace.  The development of the province'*  ihii'f iiiilu-tiy, mining, i- piOLOi'diuu,  ap.uo and progics*, is being inmlu in  e\er.\ section. Jn no one piiillculur is it  to he nollieil nioiu Hum in smelting ���  Siocan  Dull.  Nol l'losjieioiib.  With constantly incieuMiig pncei foi  ull li\ing accommodations, nnd a pro-  liiiitKiniifi' ilecii'iiM! in em lungs, tho  wage-earner can liimlly consider himself  iuospeious, in tl,e true ..en*.e  woid.���Typographical  .lounial.  t Interesting  An important consignment of  Linens consisting of Seconds, in  in Tablecloths, Tablo Napkins,  niul Table Liuoiis hy tho yard,  frnm one of tlie lending luunu-'  fiiciurcrs in Kurope. , Those Linens wero pui-chnsed at great n*-  ductiou.     and   will  bo  offered   to  the Indies  of  Vancouver at Kitty  *.  Per   Cent,   llelow   llegulur  Stock  I'i ues.  Although   tlieie   linens   aro  eonds,     tho     nupei lections  sc.uccly apparent.  of  the  Ontillio      "Prosperity '  Outuiio   prinleis,   as   a,   rule.  effect  when   the proper  tuiiu conies roiinil    is  supposed  to   have,   hut  the  0.   1'.   11  _.   , ., ' ' ' nt' -'J l.i i'     ,   i l'��   i  Ilau  any  other  paity  boon 'in  powei   it ! 'Iocs just exactly as it thinks lit leguid-  could, have done nothing more tliun has' mg these uiutteis. The fuel ol the ac-  bcon ilonc. Tho lesson hits been taught innsilion of the foieshoio by tlie C. 1>. U.  that tho ' woiking jieople must boslir from the dominion government doos  themselves and prepuiu foi a contest not gnc it power over that of tho city,  with the trusts. All having any do- though no doubt it thinks it does  nations to spaie should send them on to Tho council met again Wednesday  tho mineis. Plenty of money will yot when the mayor stated 'that Mi'. Wilson  be needed for uoccssanes for the suffer- leipnicd luithcr time befoie giving Ins  ing families of tho miners. Thero will opinion on tho lights and poweis of tho  bo  untold  misery among thousands'  of   city icspecting tho drains.  thorn during the coming* winter.    ,     '      ,  '    ' . int '.*''  The  mine  operatois   had, to   come   olT  then* peich  and agioe to operate.    Aud  now* their*'.worthy piesident will  grin and'liuer it. * .,"*  THE STUEET ENDS.'' <' '  In all probabilty the proposed caso of  tho city vorsus tho C. P. R��� rcgaiding  the opening up of the stieet ends, ovor  tlio railway track, to the water front,  on Buiiaid Inlet, will bo a most complicated affair. Tho gieat fault with  this mailer is the fact, that tliu opening up 01 these streets should bine been  attended to yeais ago. On dilleient occasions tlie city council has notihed tho  company not to use this laud as if it  wore ils own property, but the nolilii.ii.-  tions of the city weie, of couise, unheeded, und the inipioveluenls wen:  made just as if nothing ut ull had been  said. Tho question, to oui mind, that  must he settled, fust is whether the city  really contiols the sti eels, which we  think they do. And if the city, charter  is prown light, then the power of tho  city is at onco established without  doubt uud thus thesu portions ()f the  water fiont become the propel lies of tlio !  city, so that e\ory citi/en may hine  access to the water.   lt_sliould_therofore_follow_tliaL.  (orpoiation of Vancouver can  priato propeities necessaiy lor  extensions or improvements T.ine and  again property owners and votes s became so enthusiastic for the (J. |��. It ,  and other coiiipunies, fo make big im-  jirovoinents In tliu hope thut laud values  would bo enhanced, that they would,  comparatively speaking, have pledged almost anything for the company's expenditure of money, and In this way  tho C, I'. II. were allowed to piocood  with tho work regardless of tho ends of  .have to  The city council did one good net last  31 on duy night. It filed the petition o  1<\ Kline ct al., asking for the lepeal of  thc cmJy-cloMiig by-law.  So now Mi*. ,1. JI. lluwthoiuthwaite,  -M. J'. J'., (if Nuimimo, and II. Ibickle,  of tho Claiton di that city, have joined  the soci.Lli.st pin ly. The Clarion, it is  iepotted, will iu futuie he au organ of  thc   .socialists.  get   i at  Not oue  wages and they do rat woik  pupei out of twenty carries the label or  pays tho t-cule Typogiaphically thoy  aie a regular ahoitiou. The adis. in  most oi tlieni would give a sign fence  painter   the   nightmare���Tho   I'.iy.strcak  Aluanci Than thc I)u\il.  Men who aie receiving ?1 a day and  upwuid by roa-on of the etfoils of good  union men are occasionally heard to say  that the'mineis should be content with  their condition, and theio aie men who  enjoy all thc ^benefits of unionism who  would be satislied if none but themselves were employed.���Kansas City  Labor Hccord.  Echo Answers "Of Couise."  "Libeials fought in days gone by for  clean politics and free lepiesentative institutions,." So quotes thc Ottawa Free  Pi ess, and it adds, "Of course they did  and it is ,due to their efforts that tho  country^ enjoys these privileges today,"  und thc man from Lisgur echoes "Of  couise"���Colonist , ,  Not thc Only Pebbles.  Tt ih about time that British Columbia was lclicycd from tho domination  of tho Victoria politicians. On one pretext or another thoso gentlemen ha\e  always been uppermost, and considered  their own wants ac paramount. Tlieie  aro some "pebbles" on thc beach, and  they arc of as much, or more, importance as Victoria.���-Phoenix Pioneer.  -the  expio-  stieet  \ Our icadcis should not forget to pet-  use thc letter of J. Israel Tarte in im-  u*-u thc lettei of .Israel Tarte in another column. Since ho got to llu ting  with tho Mauufactuiers' association  Israel has come to thc conclusion that  he is tho whole cheese Tiades unions  \\ ill in futuie please take notice that  they mustn't piesumc to cnticisc public  inatteis lest they bu told to mind their  own business. "Ilusine.ss is business,"  so says Taite.  I  Sir John Mounnot, cleik of thc  house of commons uud secretary of the  Hoyal Society of Canada, died on Monday ��if*ht at Ottawa utter an illness of  o\er five months' duration. He was  the greatest constitutional authoi ity 111  Canada, and was thc author of "Pai-  liami'titaty PrncLh'e und Proceduie," of  "Constitutional History of Canada,"  "How Canada ih Covemcd," aud othei  authorities on Cnntvdian parliamentary  and   eoiiHtlluUonul   subjects.  <��H��MCM>t����0��0����^^��^<M��<��   ������������������������������������������  - Phenomena! Sale of Clocks  ;; al Trorey^  11  9  Such selling* has not been known before���not even at Trorey'u.  nuudied  Clocks selling at  Two  Preparations arc being made to submit to the elcctois at thc civic elections  at Winnipeg in Decern bor next, the -question as to whether or not they want  street cais on Sunday in Winnipeg. A1-,  though this is thc only importunt city  in thu dominion where thc cms are not  opciuted on Sunday, this will he the  fiist tune that the question has I icon  put before thu people, says the Voice.  The peoplo of Winnipeg are behind Vancouver in this icgard, for Sunday uns  have been running here for the past 12  01 J.'J years. Vancuuvcrltes couldn't  hardly get along without the cms  running c\cry day.  of  designs   is  \cry  The    choice  elaborate.  �� 170    Cordova     St.,    Vancouver.  ��,     We reach wherever tlie mails  ��� reach.  i  ^^�����$ 4)���".'4y4tf*-^99'^^9^���~*-^^  Wo have tal:en Krent pei'KOiial Varc I n tho selection of patterns, and in our  cboieo of tho best materials tihown hy tho manufacturers, out of which to mako  our Hiiits for the present boiimoh.     ,  -_-Thc-y aro beautiful iiurineiits,  in Seo tell,     West    of  England - and   Canadian  Worsteds, Serges nud Tweeds.  Tliey uro perfect fitting garments, eul und tailored by tlio most skilled artisans in Cmuulu.  No gentleman who has a regard for hid personal apponrnricc, and who  would liko to save from S;l to *$5 on his suit or overcoat, which wo claim wo  can do when quality and style uro considered, should purchase without inspecting our stock.  l'lilCHS. 510,  S12,  SIS, TO S'JO.  '"-.CLUiitt-'& stewXbst,  Trmsphonr 702.  309 to .315-riAsrrNas St. W.  -| I Easily,,..  the man. lie would prove, to ho a  ventalilo bombshell iu tho camp and  would be liable to explode any minute  and knock the whole outfit into bimth-  eroens.  According to n witness liofoio tho tobacco commission at . Quebec city tho  other day it will not be very long befoie the American Tobacco company  will control tho whole Canadian tobacco trado unless that company's methods  of forcing smaller concerns out of business was checked. ��  Thoro is a growing    lielicf    that   the  coal  deposits   were  originally     intended  as natural gifts for the human  lamilv.  1 "-*"  and that it is a subvorMoin'oi-the oiig-  .    . ' -1  niul purpose for a few to assume absolute ownership and > control.���Hecord,  Kansas City.      ..i   ���  About 30 Toronto employers havo  foi mod an organization to fight labor  unions. jThoro is somo talk hero of employers acting in h. similar manner. Thoy  certainly will havo a hot old time of  it if.thev do.  Up 111 Dawson tliero is a tropical political campaign m full blast dcpile tlie  biting blasts of a northern winter. The  ynt machine with piles of money is  behind   <!\-(.ovpiuor      Hans,     and     Joe  Clink must he kept at home either    bv  i *  fair or foul  means. " Clink  is after  the  boodle   brigade   in   great   shape   and   it  will   be  a pity   if  he  is   beaten   by  one  of the most disreputable laiitmaiiy rings  in" Canada^ ���  When you purchase goods without the  label you aro assisting in the murder  of clnldien, the starvation of women,  and you nie setting your stamp of ap-  pioval on tho worst possible conditions.  You aie deliberately employing scab  labor. If you arc a union man you are  prostituting your principles and your  unionism, staining your honor and perjuring your abllgation. Vou cannot  posu as a "union man" and support  scabticry.���Hx.  50c and 60c aj>!ece.  up    you  Wo commenced tho sale on Monday., and unless you  hurry  aro liable not to got one by  Satuday night.  Tlio (10c. Clocks are tho regular nickel Alarm Clocks���soil every day  at SI.00 and up. Tho 00c. cocks aie tne samo ns tho nbove but  without tho alarm attachment. All aro .fully warranted. Only ono  clock sold to a customer.    Act quickly.  !Tbe Jeweler and  Diamond  Merchant     i  COR. 6RANVIUC AND IIASTINOS STREETS. A  Official Watch Inspector ot the C. P. H. J  ��"���������������������������� ��o-v-a- ������>��*�����>>�������������������������������  Thero is something ridiculous, says  the Nelson News in roforonco to tho  ronnuylvniila strike, In tho fact that  whilst tbo state has to provide military  to protect tho mines at aiv enormous  cost to bo borno by tho taxpayers, not  Wie mino owners, the state cannot Inlcr-  fcrp to terminate tho causo of this increased  burden  of taxation.  RE EARLY CLOSING.  At Mondny nijrlit's meeting of the City  Council the report of the finance com-  mittoi' loiituiiung the following clauses,  was adopted: ,, i  A. ile]iiiuaioii representing the retail  boot and bliuu dealers waited upon the  c unmittee to oppose the petition of V.  K,iiie etui, asking for the repeal of the  early closing by-law. This petition wi.s  filjd tis there was no evidence to Bhow  that it was signed by more than 01.0  half of the bona fide retail dealers in the  city.  i'iom tho Secretary, Trades and Lnltr  co incil reporting that a union has betn  fo'ined by the civic employees nnd  a-king that thoy bu ret'ogni/.ed as a du'y  co istiluted body. Laid over for further  information.  J_Yoni the Trades and Labor council  ajking for the approval of certnin  a iicndinents to the by-law for lieen.-ing  r^s aiid drays. Koterred lo* the city  .-ulicitor to reuort.  .ABSOLUTE  COM PnBHBNSrVB  FAITHFUL  GUNUINE  INEXPENSIVE  PROFITABLE  RELIABLE  SAFE  SURE  TRUSTWORTHY  t  9  Of what other iavestment than Life Insurance can all these adjectives be aa truthfullly descriptive! Any one or two place a security ln a high class; all combined malke lt noteworthy. Many  more might Jusliy be applied to Life Insurance���THE investment of  the age.  UNION MUTUAL POLICIES are every whit In line in progres-  sivenees, values and "privileges���contracts that not only aim to  protect but really do ln the minutest particulars. -AH facta cheerfully furnished free.  Union Mutual Life ln��ur$nceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE.        ,       iNCORPdiiATED 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans T  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  ���,  J, E- EVANS, Provincial Manager- J  man (I ing on behalf of an already highly  piotcetctl and overgorged class n. still  larger share of labor's product. The effect if liis scheme curried would be to  make many productions, many even  considered necessities, inaccessible* to  U'O" working classes���thc classes who by  their labor' pioriucal'everything. .The  plausible bait hitherto held 'out to labors namely, that higher duties raised  wages, and kept work at home, would  not, ho thought, much longer fool thc  working classes. Ii id tory had proved  that under free trade or protection, exploitation was a suro thing, tho subsistence level for thc worker was  reached under any and every fiscal system. Mr. Tarte might he regarded as  a paid organizer in tfie labor crusade,  for ^tlie sooner tho whole hand of tlie  monopolist wns' revealed, the sooner  would the worker be aroused,' ard' nl  more rational and equitable syntcin inaugurated.  98111  THERE IS  of Fire or Injurv  Health whe.n you use-  the   ,  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford, h.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of "  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  a yntsiios.  Iubkcil the uiml fur umd of him,  Thcuihl ucsnvim] thaisiforuMhcbCii;  B.ii nil tl��o bk> \wih ruin urew dim,  Aud iloutf'leave*; Irumulud uu Uiu Lie.*.  1 uRked liiuM>u, Mt i>iiil tinil Kniy,  sitruiu��i>triiuire->euivt'.u'ur Mill o'er;  Uul witli il ilium, il bluie iLuny,  And left mu uu Uie nuiu Mel slime.  1 ii!,kcii thefcui.binl, pruuil tiuil Eby,  Tue iihilniive blnl  Uml m-Mir kings;  Jie Hivoojieil lullttKh ine with tier),  Auduuudir UHi'o furleii lilts u hit's.  1 nsked thu moon, ttie hai-vctt moon.  Hunting nu Mill lu heaven's Inch |il,u*e;  Uul while! hjioLu the jmleil, mid miuu  (Jnthered the clouds iiliout her fueu.  And with H midden throb I knew  I hut iny |i<x>r hope hud heeii ill vnln;  And round me wejn the henvy den ;  And the letiven lull, mid m,bbo 1 like ruin.  ���LUK Vwi.no.s.  From Their nanalmo, botuhflold ana  Protoetlou Island lolllerles,  Steam,  Csas  and  House Coal  Uf the Following (jm'lutc  rm.iijl*? Screened Uuni[>,  Hum of tlie Mine,  \V#i*4lik.(l Nut und   = _Kcreenlnto*  goecMMMiooeoooooooooai  ��    DELICIOUS WINE  Made Exclusively fbom B. c. Fbuit.  FBESH CDT FIXIWEBB    UNION-MADE  V D0ME6T1C CIGARS.  8 When making a trip around the  Park call on  i W. D. Jones ������SSSaSi"  as aoooa9ooao<MK��oQ9ooo-M��  :^AimjDmmy^  Twi'iity-(,lx eastern citicn nre nlrcudy  on the verge of a coal famine. President liner and hi.s co-barons seems to  havo the "divine right" to causo liurd-  s)ii|j and suffering, if nothing moie.  Of those in control at Victoria Hon.  .lames Dunsmuir is the belt for the position of premier. Fancy Prior, Eberts  or oven Wells as being an improvement  on thc present premiership! if tt chango  is made at all  "Joe" Martin bhould bo  A SOCIALISTIC STATU.  rrcHldciil-Wm. Scott, of tho Winnipeg  Labor parly, in a recent luldress before  lhat body said thut tho times wu live  in iuo full of interest und Higiiilleiiucu to  thoughful men and women. Tho unlhruJ  cite coal strike is a gigantic proof tliat  the claims of Capital or capitalists aio  not only incompatible with tha welfare  of society in general, but also witli the  very cMStcnco of viutt lnujfeCH of the  people. People arc now thinking as  thoy nover thought before, and of all  the influences that aro forcing society  into a socialistic state, the action of thd  autocratic controllers of industry, com-  merco 'niul finance are the most potent.  Hon. Mr. Tartu was an instance as the  political  instrument    of    monopoly *c)c-  Pacific Bottling  Works '  Importers and  Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS,  PACIfIC  LINE  Scenic  LOWEST RATES.     '    BEST SERVICE  'Imperial Limited  K Houra to Montreal���Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.  Transcontinental     Pasfiengcr   Train,  leaves'dully nt H o'clnr-lc.  Seattle and Whtilnnii i:\-pi"..* Iimvus*  dully at 8.03 o'clock.  EMPRESS OF INDIA..   ..      JIT.Y 2S  TARTAR   " ....,\IJ<H._.T *  EMPRESS OF JAP\N   A 3 I-OUST 1*  SAILINGS    FOR   HONOLULU   AND  AUSTRALIA.  MOANA.. t JULY SS  MIOWERA..;    '. ... .AUGUST tt  And every four weeks (hereafter.  For full particulars as to time, rates.  etc., apply to  IS. J. COYLH, ," JAR BCLATER.  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent.    .  Vaacouver���B G.    428 Hosting* St.  ' Vancouver. B.C.  eflPKTCroauTOg&^waxaenw  asssssglH THE INDEPENDENT.  W  I  I  I  I  P. O. BOX tX.  ���   'PHONE lit.  J. McMillan e. Co.,  WHOLESALE  AGENTS FOB  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brsnda ���  MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL,   ���        EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street nnd Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  ~��eo  ��� 09  GO TO  R. MILLS, The Shoe Man.  JOTES FROM THE  wm TOWER.  BY REX.  ��� Tho conning lower uf a modern battleship is  a small uimurul pilot house at the forward  end ot Iho ship, inuii wliich the cuplain  mnkes liis "usirwitlons and dliccts tho  course of his vessel In times ot war or  pence, iu calm pr storm, it is a vantage  ��� point from wliich to yea things. Il thus he-  comes a iinp|>> s) uihol ot the nttltudo of  one vvho loves to look out over the wide sea  of human life, mid report bis connotations.]  The Pope's Successor.  In  an  article  in  our  department  last  > week we pointed out tho absurdity      ol  s  . tho claim that Pope Leo     XIII.    could  ,. namo hjs successor >;> jfiis ,will.        !   , (,  Incidentally  it was asserted that I thc  1(IJ '���'  only thing that can be predicted    with  ,. certmnty ,of'*,tho next "t occupant of'tho  '!��   2.i'   '\       'nf)    'I    "I '  - chair,olJ^Potjet; is   thatv^io-willj bo     an  Italian.    Our attention was called      to  -''the fact that he���tho pope���doesn't need  . to Jic^au/Jtaliau.     XVe  well understood  , -this truth,    lie does not havo to be a,"  Italian,   for,   if   tho  sacred   collcgo     sea  of thought tho church, even shorn of it��J  tempoial power, is a mightier force thanv  the kingdom ot Italy. Tho popo himself,  lias complained tliat "soveial states separated by sti etches of ton f tory havo  declined war upon icligion," that is,  upon tlio monastic sjstem, which is now  threatened in Franco, Spain, Portugal  und Austna-IIungaiy These states  havo been hitherto Catholic as to tho  geneial feeling of their populations, and  such signs of wavering naturally confirm tho Italians in their belief that thoy  nie tho only poisons to bo trusted to  ptosorvo tho church'. ' They have, therefore, solidified themselves in the collcgo  of cardinals^ >>j.o ^inake assuiaiicc' ilou-  .bIyi|m..i!"i^.ha. }}}.e��� shl^'1,1 he no(,"'o��:-  rS'SM''i v��Vai }yi,'!f thocllect of a foreign"  pope upon the chuich would bo, is au  liitoiesting matter for speculation, but  it is certain that it would bo such a  depaituio from tiadition as hutiously to  shake tho Catholic laith which puts such'  emphasis upon, tho yaluo of tiadition.  An, Amoi lean pope would suiely be a  levolution,   for  no   American  can  possi-  flt,   they -can   elect  any nationality    to^ bly  think  of  institutions   as  does  the'chtvir,;frhcr�� ha?J been"; much talk, at  that, is  thej na7,  ��� .   different times, of an Amwlian,  . a "Yankee," pope.    That s.just  j. tui al* 'Cxpansivcncss   of1 tiio  timo  manifesting itself amoiig the  Catholic fellow  .citizens  of  tftio    United      States.    They  don't seo why their rising influence     in  , thc woild should not dominate pupaty,  little thinkiug that'such an attitude is  sclusmatical, ,if- not heretical,  sinco the  truo   Catholic   cannot   admit  that  mun-  .-.dano political interest, as usually undci-  fitood, apait from any spiritual piompt^  ing,  have any influenco in" tho selection  .   of a pope,    Tiie next pope will be    an  Italian. If there was any doubt of this  tho results  ot  tho last consistory  havo  removed it,\ for of tho twclvo new caid-  liiais then and thero created, wo Hull ten  ,are Italians,1' Tho sacred college,  theiefore, now contains   forty    Italians      to  'ii i|  -twenty-seven  of otlier nationalities,  and  'the,election of a "foreign" popo becomes  . .almost impossible.    The only icason, indeed, for supposing it cpnccivablc is, as  . - *a  Loudon papei   well, puts it,  thc     e\.-  tromo     violence       of       tho piecau-  -" tions' taken against it. Tho  '. Italians, it is also pointed out, only  *, tVust each other. They dominato tho  .-chuich  and,   indeed,   if  it  wero  not  for  Italian. No American, priest, noi any  othor foieign nationality, for this mat-  Jlci, qui lool(,~upf>n a, Iliotestant aiid  !f.(. w|mt(,an Italian pnobt would see.  While, .iifijlittb (icgii said,,, the church's  steady adlioienco to Italians us, rulcis  "helps the tendency of Roman Catholicism to become tho creed of tho Latin  woild und oi no other,'."jt seems pci-  fectly clear that tho essential tiling for  tlio continuity of the chuich ub a great  Inlluence is that no change shall be attempted, tor change once begun must dc-  stioy thu institutions ol solidity. The  nevt jiopu will bo an Italian.  "All t right.  Yo kin keep it cz a present from mc,  then."  "I don't sec what thoro is offensive  about that book. You wanted a 'Handy Letter Writer' and I gave you " tho  best ono on tho market. Thero aren't  nny opinions in it about politick' or religion. It doesn't tell you to read the  Niiiiulmo Herald or tho Mount'Pleasant  Advocate and I'm blessed if 1 can see  what you could liud to bring you raging and .spouting around us if you'd  been  insulted."  "1 don't blame you for stand in' up  fer your own wines, iiut when n'man  goes ter buy a handy lutter writer, he  makes a confession. He wants ter buy  sense. llo ain't got sense enough, ter  write a letter the wny it orter he, his-  heli, un' lie wants ter git homebody's  knowledge  ter help hun  out."  "Thai's very true. Hut it's no reason for your getting out of patience  with me."  "1 ain't s-ayiu' anythin' nbout you.  It's the feller thet got out this book  thet I'm tulkin' 'bout. I set down .with  it in a studious frame o' mind lei*  write a letter to -my landlord, an' thc  fust iniiilcl 1 stiuck went like this:  " 'Dear Sir: I lake my. pen iu hand.'  I didn't git iio furder'n that. I read* it  over two or three times an' then l'shet  tho book up an' brought it hero tor see  ef yo wouldn't trade it back fur some  'Nick Carter' er 'Diamond Dick1, stories, or inost anythin' thet yer keep' in  stock tei palm oil on folks thet don t  know no better. They might bo purty  bad, but they couldn't be no wus's'n  that there "  "I don't seo what there n> so very  objectionable  about  that."  "Don't -say any such thing. Yo ain't  so innocent cz not ter notico thet fcllei  e/ went ter woik serious an' put thet  on paper would jes bu makin' a fool ot  lnsscli. The idee o' tcllin' a man yu  take yer pen in hand! What did he  s'pose yo wus goin' ter tnke yci pen  ml Yei loot? Don't my landloid know  dein well that 1 ain't no armless phenomenon like yer see tor tho sideshow  in tlie circus? Jlebbe it's intended ter be  funhy,cbut or leller that's writin' ter 'is  landlord don't wantci^git lrolicsoinc. 1  liko ter bc-icntcrtainm' when tho occasion comes, but when I'm tcllin' &' feller thet tho roof is leakin' an' thet the  piaster is comiu' off the parlor ccilin',  I don't wantcr make a monkey ol myself'an' 1 don't wantei pay nobody "a  dollar ter do it loi   me, neither."   ',' "��  UNITED BKOIHtKHOOD OF  CARPENTERS AMD JJINERS.  The inaid  was sweet and comely,  Hut  hei  lather, giull and sour,  Helped the young mnn down tho steps  With fully one-mule power.  their influence in tho church thc Italians'  would not count for much as a people  or a jfowor This is true, oven though  thc church ho oppressed.    To tho world  ,6��>9*��*9��0*��*'S��Oe����*9o9��  f    THIS BRAND    *  Ask ypur dealer for them.  1        .-THE-  �� In guarantee of good workman  i,i ship.   Our Overalls will outwear g  > . 8 any others, and will keep their ���*  ��� shape to the last. 0  9  '  ��  *   0  ��  ��� 9  *9 MAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPEG, HAN.      ���  9 ' ���  .ft The Pioneer Union Overall Pec- ���  O tory of the .West.               ��  (LIMITED.)  A strong and fioweiiul light is thrown1*  on cuireut conditions by the analysis  of church ���ucc<ssions in tho Presbyterian  chinch dining tho year ending Muich  31. 1901, by thc accomplished stated'  clcik of the general assembly, tho Rev  1) W II Itobcits lie shows that oi  thf* 7,3W chuichcs can ied in the dc-  no'iuuational ioil, 2,111 went, thiough  the_ontiro-yonr-vvithout���a-solitary-uddi~  tion to Chen meinbctship, m the United  States, by coulcssion of faith Almost  if not quite as appalling to those who  know the chinch is light, is tho fact  that of the lcmaiiiing .">.,'175 chuichcs,  '2,3*20, or almost one-hall, tcportcd fi\o  or less additions each The 2,5'JO oin-  binee the ,ln\gc body of ordinniy and  typical churches, outside of favoi able  conditions ' and of .eldership <|unllty.  Of tho 2,770 chuichcs icielvliig llvu oi  more, "*i,171 received ton or less, leaving only 1,005 that reported o\ei ten  uccssions dining thu whole year No one  will claim that this Is a healthy condition People arc becoming more  bioailunnded, aio not thinking ho much  n'T to the siucty of their souls when  dead, as of their bodies whilo they aie  living. Hcncb tho',falling off of converts, ' ,    ��  Tho  Polite Letter Writer.  Tho propnetoi of tho book storo was  nearly scared out of his wits by tho  book which was thiown down on the  counter in front ol-'hlm, by;tho angiy  individual.  "How, dare you. "  "Take ,it back," said tho man who  had slammed lt down. "I don't want  It.!'  .'But wo novor ���' exchange * goods  alter  l��'��9O0��'6>_i'9'&09>&**>9>��'��>��6'*>8  thoy, have'gone out ot tho store.')  ' Mil s.ll> '  Tho United TUrothcrlioo^l of Cai pouters  and iJomuiS of Ameiica is the magic  namo of a labor organisation that is  now 'atli acting universal attention iiom  trade union leaders and trade uhj��,n  huteis alike It is safe'to Miy lhat uo  othei tiade union in this oi any foieign countiy can point with moie piide  to lapid growth, wise management and  icLortl of achievements dining the nast  several yeais, than the "U IJ " With  au army of intelligent .idhcicuts singing  its puifSes, c?q>oiiiidiug its"" punciples,  aud always alive to eveiy oppoi utility  to advance the interests of ijie trait,  it is, perhaps, no gieat wonder alter all  to witness tho concluding uiuiih of this  gie.it hiothcrhood. Thc hcndi*uuilers oi  the society, located at Philadelphia, is  now sending out new churtois at the  lato of from sixty to one hundictl each'  and eveiy niontli, anil tho end is not yet  in sight, nor will it,bo until eveiy city,  town and hamlet is  Under thc Protecting Uaic  of thc liitcrnatiooal association 'and  Ameiican Pedeiation of Labor, and has  gaini'd_lhat_to_which_tlii.se_pindiuers_oi  wealth aie entitled, namely, the icsult  of thou* toil Great indeed aie tho  stndcs and'bounds being made iu this  dliection through tho conceited action  so ably conducted by tho mi praters' organization. ' "There can bo no doubt,"  says tho Fcderationist,  "that a wave of  * r  piotcst is now sweeping ovei ovory  statu <iii the union and eveiy piovinte  In tho dominion," and it predicts that  "tho day.is not fnr distant when > the  sluveiy in the carpentiy trade will, bo  almost wholly abolished." Tho wunder  is now that the extremely bail sunound-  lugs hnvo ever been  toleialed even    foi  trade organizations offer oa many advantages of a benevolent nature as thle  body of artisans; i' ��� u'hers arc entitled  to death benefits nimi, Increase iu  amount the longer one ls in benefit. An  excellent ofhcial journal is published  monthly and furnished gratis -to all  members, which keeps them fully informed of tho labor movement throughout Iho country, besides presenting  knowledge* of a technical character ou  iiitoiosting subjects referring tu mechanical piobloms that frequently confront  the workman at the machine or at tho  bench. Thu United Hiothcrhood of Car-  peuteis and Joiners of Aincrlc**, covering as it does both outside and inside  mechanics*, has  A Mission to I'crfiirin  that/ if pursued will eventuiilly malt  this class of wage-earners a more powerful inlluence for good government,  happy homes, and a higher civilization  than any other scheme or institution in  existence. If you are, a journeyiuuii cur-  jionter, joiner, stair builder, ship joiner,  millwright, planing mill .bench hand,*  cabinet maker, or running wood-working machinery, you should imn the  bVotherhood and help it to foster education and uproot ignorance; shot tun  hours and lengthen Hie; raiso ' wages  and lower usury; increase independence  and ilccicasn dependence; develop manhood and balk tyranny, establish fraternity and discourage selfishness; leduce  prejudice and induce liberality, cncoui-  age society and eliminate classes, create  lights and abolish wiongs, lighten tod  und brighten mail; ciieui the homo and  ineside nnd make the world better All  carpcnteis and mill hands should bo union men. Their progress is limited only  by thein who' hold aloof.  " Get Together,  agitate, educate and do. Don't wait until tomorrow, tomouow nevei comes,  don't wait for someone else to stait,  stait it yourself, don't heaiken to the  indifferent, wake them up, don't think it  impossible; 185,000* organized woikeis  prove it diffeieut; don't weaken, yisist>  once wins. The local union 'moots overy  second nnd fouith Wednesday in Union  hall, room No. a Pollo'vl ing are ithe  oilieers, any of whom will bo pleased to  give further Informatib'n" to intending  members Presidelit, A. E Collin,  vue-piosident,   Joseph   Dixon,   recording  PROVINCIAL PROGRESSIVE  PARTY.  Following ls the platform adopted at  the Kamloops convention of the Provincial Progreeslve Party:  That this party lays ��� it down as a  drat principle that they will nominate,  endorse or support only such men as  will place their signed, undated, resignation in the hands of thc convention  which noniinutcs or endorses them;  lliut this resignation be sworn to; that  this resignation may be handed in to  tha lieutenant-governor in council  whenever a majority of the convention  shall consider such action advisable.  1. That we gradually abolish all taxes  on the producer and the products ol  the producer, bhlftlng them on land  values.  2. Government ownership of railways  and all means of communication.  3. That the government establish and  operate smelters and refineries to treat  all kinds of minerals.  4. That tlie franchise be extended to  women.  5. Tiie abolition of property qualifications for all public offices.  ��� 6. Farm improvements, Implements  and stodk not to be taxed, and wild  lands to be assessed, at the price asked  for them by speculative holders.  7. No land or cash subsidies. Lands  to be held for t'he actual settler..  8. Ten per cent, of all public lands  to be immediately set aside for educational purposes and education of all  children up to the age of 16 years to  be free, secular and compulsory, text  books, meals and clothing to be supplied out of the public funds where'  necessary.  >J. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes.  10. Restriction of Oriental immigration t>y a law on the lines of the Natal  act, and if said law be disallowed, lt  be repeatedly re-enacted until the end  sought is attained.  t 11. That to protect us from Asiatics  already in the province the government  Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES ANDI  Labor Council meets first and third  Thursday ln each month, at 7:3t) p. ra.  President, W. J. Lamrick; vice-president,  F. 3. Russell; secretary, T. H. Cross; financial secretary, J. T. Lllley; treasurer,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms, C. J.  Salter; statistician, J. H. Browne. ,.  SHIRT WAIST AND LAUND1WD  WORKERS UNION. No. lOJ-Meeta  every 2nd und 4th Thursday in eaeli  month in Union Ilall. President. G. W���  Rowlands; corresponding secretury, 21*  Alltrce. 1027 Richards Street; ilnnnclaE  secretary. Miss M. Whitman; treasurer,.  Miss Jeolouse; delegates to Trades and.  Labor Council, G. XV. Rowlands. J. Hur-  Blc, XV._ McDermott and I. J. Colthnrt.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION, No. 120-Presidcnt,  Fred Hawe; vice-president, J. A. Dlbden;  corresponding-financial secretnry, J. A.  Stewart. 51 Cordova St.; recorder, E. II.  Goodmurphy; treasurer, G. Bower;  guide, A. II. Legalt; guardian, G. Bowels; delegates to T. & L. Council, J. A.  Dlbden and Fred Hawe. Meets first andi  third Wednesdays ot each month lm  Union Hall.  WAITIORS AND WAITRESSES UNION,  IfOvui No. 2S. President, Charles Over;  vU'0-pre.-.ldcnt, A. N. Ilerrlngton; secre-  lary-irctisurer, J. II. Perkins. Meeting  oveiy Friday evening at S.30 o'clock In  Union Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmulr  streets.  VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 220, meets the fourth Monday;  In each month at Union Hall. President,  C. S. Campbell; vice-president. II. W.  King; secretary, S. J. Gothard; P. O. box  (iG; treasurer, Geo. Wilby; sergeant-at-  arms, A. F. Arnold; executive committee, F. XV. Towler, G. E. Plerrott, .W.  Brand, Robt. Todd; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, W. Brand, S. J. Gothard,  F. XV.  Fowler.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION*-  Mccts second and fourth Wednesday of  each month in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at S p. m. President, Robt. Brunt; vice-  president, Chas. Bennett; secretary. A.  G. Perry, 3,1 7th Avenue; treasurer, P. C  O'Brien; conductor, Ed. Manning; warden, A. J. Wilson: sentinel. J. Hows;  delegates to Trades and Libor Council:  C Bennett, Robt Brunt. Geo. Lenfesty,  A. J. Wilson and J. Howes   UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday in Union  hall, room No 2 President, A. E. Coffin;,  vice-piesident, Joseph Dl\on; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin; Ilnancial secretary, J. M Sinclair, treasurer, J Ferguson; conductor, G. Fingley; ivarden, G.  H. Blair; delegates to the Trades ana  Labor council, R Macpherson, J. M.  Sinclair, Geo Dobbin, Jos Dixon. Geo.  Adams, delegates to the Building Trade*  Council. M   McMullen. Levi C. DeWolfe  secretaiy,   t!eo.  Bobbin,   Ilnancial   secretary, J.  M. Sinclair,  tieasurer,  J    Fer  guson, conductor, ti. Pingley, wanion,  O. 11. Blair, delegates to the trades and  labor council, R. Macpherson, J. M  Sinclau, Geo.'Bobbin, Jos Dixon, Geo  Adams, delegates to the building ti ades  .council,  M   McMullen,  Levi C    DcWolic  HOW HAVE YOU VO'lTD?  Biothers, for many'ycaia you have  fought a mighty battle,''ior years'you  havo made ticmcnduus saciifices'' foi  youi cause. That you have done good  und noble woik none will deny. That  you have made piogicss possible is a  self-evident fact. Thut you have raised  wages and a thousand limes pievontcd  wage reductions eveiy intelligent pei-  son knows. All honot to you foi the  noble fight you have made Hut  brothers, have you done all that you  might have done? Is it not tine that  wo have had to bog, beg, for nil  legislation in our inteiests, and is ib  not tiuo that wo have secured \eiy littlo legislation' Is it not true that 90  laws out of every 100 aie passed in tliel  inteiests of the great tiusts and the  capitalistic combines? '  Urotheis, you know that oui inteiests mo to get all we can for our laboi powei, and you know equally well  that tho trusts and combines desue to  get all they can from the wealth pio-  duceis. Think this over a little while.  Ai e-vv c- not- co n ft ontcd - e vei y-lime- wo  stiiko with un aimy of the unemployed  made so by the laboi' Mi1* ing machin-  eiy on the ono hand ond the oiganizctt  tiusls oa the oth'ei?  , Huve you voted at all limes to mako  this aimy of unemployed impossible  by voting to icditcc the' houis oi labor? No, vou have not done this.  Vhen intmictions nie issued aguin und  ugain agnint us , did we voto to make  "eovciimiont, by injunction" impossible.' Ko, wo went on voting the sum'  old partisan ticket nnd thus giving into tho, linnds of the 'gieat tiusts tho  \uiy power ol" the injunction judges to  be used against us.      i  You ntu being told by coitnin statesmen  (God save tho murk)    that   you  an instant,     livery lover of liheitv'an'd'hnve piospetity, unci many of you be  bettei condition will wekome Oils evidence of progiess. It Is ol pioiouud  impoitiinco to tho future of the building  industry, and the tunc to seiiln it is  now. Notkmg is to bo gained liy pio-  crastlnation or temporizing Unch inan  should by this ttiuo know  His Own Welfare Is at Stake  iuvo il. Hut. biothpis, is it piospor  ity, when neaily 200,000 childien,i under 10 yenis of age, aro working in  thu mills and lactones of this gieat  rich nation, while theii fatheis uie  forced to idleness. Is il piospouty  when vve aie foiced by our economic  cond lions to pioducc two oi Ihico dollars a day to icceivc one? liiothers,  let us icason  it out.    You know this  insert a clause ln ill private acts to  this effect: "This act shall lie' null and  void if the company fails to enter into  an agreement with the government'as  to conditions of construction and op  ei atlon," and that the house^ pass a  resolution to .prohibit the employment  of Asiatics on all franchises granted  by the provincial house.     $  12. Conservation of our forest riches,  pulp land leases ^o contain a provision for re-foresting so as to produce  a perennial revenue and make pulp  manufacture a growing' and permanent  industry^ <   .    ',        ,;   . ..)  ' 13. That the act/ compelling* the scaling of iogs by government scalers be  enforced. "  14 Absolute reservation from sale or  lease of a certain part of each "known  coal area, so that state owned mines,  If necessary, may be easily possible ln  the future. All coal leases or grants  hereafter mode to contain a provision  enabling the government to flx the  price of coal loaded on cars or vessels  for shipments to B. C. consumers.  15. Municipalization and public control of the liquor tiafllc.  16. The right to a referendum where  a valuable subsidy or fianchise Is to  be conferred.  17. That all transportation companies  be compelled to give free transportation to memlbers of the legislative assembly and supreme court and county  judges.  IS. Election day to bo a public holiday, and provision made that every  employer shall be free from service at  least four consecutive hours during  polling time.'   INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS. Vancouver Union, No. 151 ���  Meets the first and third Monday in each:  month at 8 p. m, in Union hall, Homer  street. President, Robert Gray; financial  secretary, George Nesbltt, 1297 Homer  street; recording secretary, D. Robinson, -  box 37, Vancouver, B C; delegates toi  the Trades and Labor council, Willlamt  Latham, D. Robinson, R. Edwards.  Public ownership has made many new  frionds of late, and others arc "almost  persuaded."  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. M., meets every Saturday at>7.30 p.  m. In Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, 3.  W. Austin; secretary, Alfred ,Raper;  treasurer. A G. Delghton, conductor*  Wm A McKay; warden, Henry Patterson.   INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OB*  Electrical Workers, Vancouver Local,  No 213���Meets second and fourth Tuesday  In each month ln Union ball, room No. *.  President, Geo. Cowling, vice-president,  R P. Irwin, recording secretary, A 33.  Hotson, 635 Richards street; financial  secretary, John Dubberley.   CIGARMAKERS' UNION NO. "'Sal���  Meets the first Tuesday in each montlc  ln Union Hall. President. C. L 'Kuhn;  vice-president, C Parsons; secretary, J.  C. Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S W Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Schuylmeyer; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council, J Crow, C L.  Kuhn and' John Millan.   THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hall, tho first and  third Tuesdays of each month. D., McLean, president; XV. 3. Lamrick. moratory, 24S Princess street,    BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS ANI>  DECORATORS Local Union No 1��.  Meets 2nd & 4th Thursday In Libor HalL,  President, \V. Pavier; vice-prcalaent, W.  Halliday; recording secretary, E Crusb,  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secrotary, A. Gothard, 822 Howe street: treao-  urer, H. MeSorley.          INTERNATIONAL    ASSOCIATION   OF'  Machinists���Beaver   Lodge,   No.   18*.���  Meets   second   and    fourth    Monday    fnr  each month in Union hull    Preslrtfnt.   I  R. Edwards, vice-president, Fred Knights'  recording secretarv. Geo   Downe> ; Ilnancial secretary, H   J   Littler  573 Hastings  street    east,     treasurer,    13     Tlmmins?  guard, F, Coughlin,   NOTICE.  is not prospi'iity. We livo m the nch  and bound Inseparably to the average , ce[, nlUi0I1 U|Xm t|,0 globe; n nation  standard established by then own of-1 with enoimuiis lint mnl lesouicos; in-  fopts collectively directed,   he should bo'clei;d��   ����r  nation  could    support    100  prepared to  place himself  definitely,    in   ^IndZ ""-"'l '"'"''j!10'1 .'"     ,UJ��  '    ' ' my under   wise   laws     Our    interests  the lino of progecssive tradesmen, or  tjenialn In tho constantly decreasing  number of backward workmen who refuse to concern themselves with the wcV-  aio identical. Is it not folly then for  tho mighty union aimy ta be divided?  Shall we longer continue to be divided  against one another and against,ourselves.   Wo hav o    a    nJghtv    power  faro of their children or the future    of. SbM     we. UE0    it?_Boot    and Shoe  their governmant,   F.ow, .It any, strlctfy, Workers'- Journal.  NOTICE IS IIKKEBY G1VE.V, tlint unpllrii.  Uou will bo mnde to the Parliament of C.mucin,  nt the ne.\t s'ltlng thereof, for tin Act incopoui.  ling n Company, under the name of the "Vm-  Louvcrnnd ConstKoolonayItnllunj Cumpmiv,'  In eunslruct cml op ruu n Iln" of Itiilliuii,  from a onlnt at or nonr Iho City of Vnncomei,  tlioncc south eitstorlv to tho Cilv nf New Wesl-  lulnslei and nero") ihu Krnsor Kiver; ihencp  easterly bj the most tenslble route, to a point  M or near MidiMi), In mu llniiiuhiiv Lieek  District; (rom �� point vn the mnin line of the  railway south u[ t hu I'i n-er, to tijtofnt tit or in.nr  the moiuii ut tjie Fra.er Itivcr; iiinu a point on  tho mainline uatl oi Hope, i,i a poiniut ur nenr  Nluiliil.uke; and from a point on the mainline  nf the rnlluai aio- uianm-Mii of Viinuiiiwr,  norlherl> across llurrurd Inlet, at the inu��t  fca-ible point, lo North \ nnu.uu'r Municipal!  t>, llicm.c western ton point at or Hour llu  mouth of the Ciipllanu Cicck.  Willi I'OWKll to construct nnd operate  brauch Hue*, Irani >tm poiiu ou tho malnllni  of tho propmed uillHaj or hranches thereof,  uotexceedlnitiUHiix one case ililrtv (JO) miles  in length; and with power lo construct,ouu  and operate wharves, docks, elevators and  warehouses in connection therewith; and to  consfuct, own, and operate sicaui and othor  vessels, on anv navigable waters; and with  pow r co construct, oiv u, maintain, and operate  a suitable ferry, (rom the most convenient  point on the .Mainland of Hritlsh Columbia, to the most convenient point  ou Vancouver Island, io as tn mate connection wllh ihu Cltv if Vleiuria. oi to  connect therewith bj the same; to construct,  operate anu maintain leli-graph and telephone  lines, along tho ronte of thu propositi rallwav  or its branches, and to irausmit messages fo'i  comiaercal purpose', and to collect tollli there  for, io generate electricity for power and  Hunting purpose", and ior all rights, powers  and provileges necesrar} usual, or incidental  to all or anyof thu aforurald purposes  Datod at Vancouver, this lst day of October,  V AJN COUVER FISHER MEN'S  Union, No a���Meets In Union hall.  Homer street, every Saturday, at 8 pm.  Steve Dames, president; Chas Durham,  secretary pro tem   JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union ojt  America, Local No. A0, Vancouver, B.C.  President, T. Baxter, vice-president, J.  Ingles, recording secretarv, F W. Bnr-  tlo. financial secretary, M. MaoLoan, 2160  Westminster Avenue, Mount Pleasants  corresponding seoretary, J. Webster, 2*14  Westminster Ayeue, Mount Pleasant;  treasurer, J, Wilkinson.   JOURNEYMEN TAILOilS' '.'S OiS Or  ���'Amenta���No���ITS���Meets���nrst '"and "  thud Mondavs in room No t Uit.oii.  hnll President, C. Whalin; vico-prcsi-  dent P. Logg, recording .secretary, F_  Williams, 3814 Seventh avenue XV., financial secretaiy, T Wood tieasurer,,  W. W. Toombs, sergcant-at-ariiiB, TH  Mathews.  BUILDEllfc.-    LABORERS'    l.'i:DI.RA__t  Union,      No.     32,     Vancouver���Mccttfe  every Thursdav evening at S o't lack, inf  loom  No   I, Union     hall Piesidcnt,.  -Fred Collins; secretary, II. SellurB, WesU  ei ii   Hotel,  delegate*, lo  Hullcling Trade*  Council,  II   Sellers,  Chris    Foley     and  ,  John Sully.  Meeting.  F. O. E.���VANCOUVER "AERIE, No. ���.  meets "Wednesday -evenings; visiting  brethren welcome.    Bert Parsons, W.  P.: J. G. Ure. XV. S��� Arcade.  A.D.UQ2.  D^a.MACDONKLt,  ' Solicitor (or'At>pllcaiK  J. D. Murray, Baker, has  broken his agreement with  the Bakers' Union and his  shop is now non-union:  Union men will govern  themselves'accordingly.  .    F, BARTLE,  Secretary^!'  - \, .J.  js ���  He  Copyn��hV;ftfto2by  J. 5.lTKlGa.Koi:Kf(JnJ  -Ol (RESPDNpEkCli SM.K  ���ro   "<-o  COr( TVy-   'rid..  .TED.  It Is a recognized fnct by our most  successful poultryuien that where lions  are lcept for the sole puipose of pto  ducing eggs thoy will lay more eggs  and the eggs will Ueep better If no  roosters are kept ln the flock.  If clover is put Into the barn or stack  ln an uncurcd condition, It will certainly heat. If the air gets nt it. it will certainly burn iind spoil. If yon can lA-ep  the nlr from It. you will have to nil intents and purposes clover ensilage, a  very palatable tintl nutritious dairy ration.  ����� ..Uift\ASOivw  It a weed is simply a plant out of  place, then there is a good deal of disorder on some farms.  One way to tell n good cook is to Hnd  out whether tho bottom cnist of her  pumpkin or custard pics is fit to eat or  uot.  Tho mule grosbeak shares with the  female the labor of Incubation, a family duty not usually assumed by the  head of tho bird bouse.  The white fowls seem to take the  lead in popularity���White Leghorns,  "White riymouth ltocks, White Wyan-  dottes and Light Brnumas.  The hardness, early maturity and  rustling qualities of tho Angus cnttle  commend them specially to uny stock  raiser of the north country.  We would not put uncurcd clover  hay Into the mow of n big barn unless  wo wished to tompt Providence nnd  have an insurance loss to settle.  Where there is no hay barn to store  the crop nnd wliere forty tons of hay  nre produced it will be found that a  stack cover will soon pay for itself. ���  'The only good thing which wo can  say for the wild mustard Is that it  mnkes about as good a dish of greens  ,when young as there Is to be found.  Many n farmhouse cellar could be  much improved in cleanliness nntl comfort by plastering the walls, cementing  the floor uud putting more light in  It. Tho cellar when properly nrriihged  Is ono of tbo most useful rooms in the  house, but too often it is littic save a  deathtrap.  The condition of tho public school  grounds whether in country or town  is very likely to reflect tho home surroundings of the people of such community. Where tho scboolliouse ls  made every wny pretty and attractive  inside and outside there will be found  nice homes.  As we note it. the English sparrow  will on an average hatch three broods  during the season, and the first brood  hatched will raise one brood of their  own. This is a frightful rate of propagation aud easily explains how, in  spite of all their enemies, these pests  Increase in number as they do.  We have an elm tree in the door-  yard which Beems to be u favorite  nesting place for the birds. During  the past four years tho crotch In the  tree has been occupied in rotation by the  bluejays, robins, catbirds nnd mourning doves. This year a grosbeak wanted the place, but failed to get it  So many want to know how to kill  quack grass in the fields, squirreltnil  grass on tho lawn, burdocks, squash  bugs nnd aphis, borers, cankervvorius,  chicken mites and (lies, how to cure  self sucking cows, sick hogs and lousy  calves, that it seems as though almost  every man on the farm had somo trouble or other.  The man who can't rest until he has  got some sort of a job for the hired  man to do on u rainy summer afternoon is not built right to enjoy life.  A Minnesota farmer told us recently  that whilo he could raise pretty good  corn he did not like the crop, for it  never gave a fellow any chance to  rest  The mnn of old who tore down his  liarns to build bigger ones sliould liave  built now ones, letting the old ones  stand, and then ho.might uot have got  into trouble.  A thrifty growth of weeds on a farm  not only points to careless farming,  but it also suggests large possibilities  in crop production were the soil properly cured for.  The dewberry is with us moro productive and moro easily cared for and  protected in winter than the blackberry, und the fruit for aught we see is  every wny as fine.  One of tbe best and still one of the  lowest priced cuts on a veal animal is  the brisket Bnked, with a stuffing  such as is used for.poultry and game,  lt is a delicious dish.  Ono aggravating thing connected  with tlio automobile is that even  should tbe public highways be so improved as to permit of high speed with  tlio machine the law will so limit tho  speed In the interest of public safety  tliat running a machine will seem liko  making but twenty miles an hour on  a fust mail train.  As u means of converting the raw  products of the farm into more7 salable forms the good dairy cow I.s without a peer, sa.vs G. W. Hodson, Dominion live stock commissioner. The  good heeling animal will pay very littlo moro than market prices for food  fed from blrfh to shambles. The sheep,  Willi fleece and lambs, gives only a  very modest prolit on food consumed.  The pig and lhe hen, if wisely fed. do  much better ilinn cither of the above,  but It ls very seldom that tho returns  from either go beyond $1.50 for $1  worth of food consumed. The dairy  cow," however, frequently goes as high  ns ?2 worth of products for $1 worlli  of food, and many a cow luis been  known.to give $2.50 worth of pioducts  for SI worth of food consumed.  Most herds fall far short of such a  high return. The reasons shiny be  summarized as lack of breeding. Improper or Insufficient feeding and lack  of judgment and management. Hvery  dairy iierd should average over $50  worth of products per cow-pw year. If  n herd Is not giving such a" return. It  is not doing justice. Possibly every Individual in the herd is not a No. 1  dnlr.v cow, but do yon know which tire  roally doing good work and the relative  merits of the different cows?  I*rl*e Wlnnlnjj Iirown Sarins Cow.  This type of animal Is not in favor  with many breeders; consequently the  Brown Swiss is making Its way slowly  lu spite of ninny strong points lu its  favor.    The splendid herd owned by  A young friend of ours has started  this season to lay the foundation for a  future herd of Hue cattlo. He has  bought three registered Polled Angus  heifers nnd a bull. If he will take  proper care of these animals, he will  have a herd Inside of ten years which  he will ,be proud' of and whicli will  mako him a lot of mouey.  A Minnesota man sowed four pounds  of rape with a crop of early sown millet nnd claims that it is a success, the  rape making a new growth after the  millet was cut and affording nn abundance of good sheep pasture till frost  came. We sliould think that there  vvouid be trouble In curing the millet  with more or less of the rape In lt  It ls probably n fact that ns farmers  get better fixed financially they become more cautious about buying. Usually a man buys the most recklessly  When be buys on credit  Here are three things which any man  can do to secure a good standing in  his community: Pay ail his small debts  promptly, maintain good line fences  and refuse to run for offlce.-  The supply of house cats will always  keep pace with the supply of rats and  mice and often exceed it. nnd. anyhow,  ,we sometimes wonder which is the  greater nuisance of the two.  ��� Thore-is-Iikely-to-bo-an-active-demand for all kinds of young stock this  Bummer and fall to use up the large  crop of grasses, hay, forage und corn  which the season is producing.  If ynu hnve a spot In tho home door-  yard where you could set n Colorado  b'no spruce, you will never regret  Planting one, for It is the most beautiful evergreen of the whole list.  The greatest loss to those sections of  tho Mississippi valley which have been  visited with sucb tremendous liooSs  this season has not been In the crops or  bridges destroyed, but rather in thu  loss in sod fertility by erosion over millions of acres of choice farm land, every farmer contributing uot a little of  thc best part of his furm to the rushing  waters which carried it off in solution  to the ocean.  Experiments made b'y the department of agriculture in Connecticut in  tho growing of Sumatra tobacco prove  that this choice leaf can be produced  in thnt stute under cover nt a cost of  25 cents n pound and a yield of 1.00(1  pounds per aero obtained. As the  product is worth 51.23 por pound In the  market u very handsome profit ,ls realized. It is not likely that the growing  of this leaf need be. confined to Connecticut either.  Tho writer personally cares, for a  It ts not best to shave the lawn too  .iXloso after the middle of .Tunc. Set the  cutter bar of the mower up tintl leave  some growth of grass to protect ,the  roots of tho grass from tlie midsummer  sun.  In the growing of small.fruits it Is  the home market for such fruits which  should be studied and entered iu. rut-  such home market Is worlh In dollars  and cents nearly n third mure than any  foreign market  The champion butter cow of the  world Is a Ilolsteiu owned In the state  of .Mlnnesotn.-she having a verified  record of 5S-I pounds of milk iu seven  days, which made 20 pounds ft 7-10  ounces of buttei'.  It seems that there are people living  on farms ln tills country who for tlu*  snke of getting twenty pounds 6f grun  ulatcd sugar for u dollar will cheerfully invest In ten pounds of nutmegs.  - These nre easy marks.  vegetable and small fruit garden containing a little over one-half acre of  ground. The seeds are nil sown and  the land well cultivated and kept free  from all weeds by the use of a Planet  Junior cultivator. So adaptable nnd  useful tlo we Iind this tool and so well  docs it do Its work .that.vve had rather  have It to use in pur garden than the  best man we know of working for  nothing with a hoe.  An Interesting case of unselfishness  came under our observation ti few days  ago. A robin was busy digging earthworms on the lawn. A cock sparrow  who'hail, a family to-provide for near  by would follow the. robin up. and  when it nice fnt. worm', wnv uiii'iirtht'd  he would grab it before the': robin  could swallow It hnd carry It oft" to  the young sparrows. The funny thing  wns that the robin did not set'in'to  mind this sort of work lu tin* least.  We occasionally puss through a wnod  pasture lot the entrance .to .which Is  closed by a pair of bars���old fence rails  ���and these rails are of tlie.stinlglitest  and choicest black 'walnut, cut over  fifty years ago. when, walnut.' tlmlicr  sold for'$15 per thousand, feet and was  made Into fence rails because It vvas  the most easily split into 'shape... Since  then the old stumps of tlioso splendid  trees have been dug out and fold for  more than the tree would bring when  it wus slaughtered.  BItOVVN SWISS COW NICOLA.  Ev M. Barton of Illinois bas been admired by many nt state fairs. The  cow Nicola, shown in the illustration,  has been champion :it the Illinois state  fair and won many prizes. l>'or a  Brown Swiss she is very smooth, rather compact, but chunky, and resembles  the beef type considerably more than  the dairy. 0  She has a beautiful head, line nostrils, largo and delicate cars und good  size bones. Her udder is large, and her  performance nt tlie pall goes a long  way to commend her as a dairy animal.���American Agriculturist.  Water  Content* of  Hut ter.  The Canadian department of agriculture has been advised by cable through  the high commissioner's ollice that thc  board of agriculture for Great Britain  hnve mnde regulations under the sale  of foods and drugs act, ISO!), whereby  If a sample of butter is found to contain ovcr 10 per cent of water it shall  be considered not genuine unless  proved to the contrary.  Mr. .1. A. Ruddiek, chief of the Canadian dairy division and acting commissioner In Professor Robertson's absence, says the regulation .will not affect the Canadian butter trade to any  great extent unless dealers should require a guarantee that butter which  they produce docs not contain water In  excess of the limit. * Witb pro[M'i* cooling facilities at the creameries, so that  the churning, vvushiug and working of  the butter may lie carried out at sutli-  clently low temperatures, there is no  difficulty In producing a butter wlilch  Is well within the limits as regards the  amount of water in it From 12 to 13  per cent Is'considered to be about the  proper proportion of water In butter.  Yield��� of Choose From Milk.  With ordinary milk the yield is about  2.5 pounds of cured cheese for ench  pound of butter fat in the milk. The  per cent of butter fnt in different milks  very nearly determines their relative  values for checscmaking. Professor  -Vnn-Slyke-fouiid-by-a-serics of-eareful  experiments that with milk ranging  from 3.4 por cent to 4.4 per cent the  amount to each pound of butler fat  was 2.72 pounds of green cheesy or 2.5  pounds cured five weeks. It was /ound  that 5 per cent milk made but 2.4  pounds of cured cheese for each pound  of butter fat. but the better quality of  the cheese from the richer milk was  thought to eoinponsuto for the slight  '(lllTereiice in quantity. It will be secu  tlmfn hundred pounds of 4 per cent  milk made ten pounds of cheese and n  hundred pounds of 5 per cent' milk  "made twelve pounds of cheese.  l-v<*clliiK the Cnlf.  We cannot afford to kcepihe calf on  lhe cow. as thai Is too expensive, so we  miiKt usy some more economical method. Tliu common practice lu this vicinity Is to raise tlii'tn on sklminllk. lu  some cases a feeder Is used, but in most  Instances they are taught to drink,  writes C.ill. Hole in the New England  liomi'stt'ad.  .  .  My method is to take the calf away  from the cow soon after It Is dropped.  I milk the cow and feed the milk to the  calf in tills vyiiy. 1 pilt my;��� linger In the  calf's mouth and work Its nose into tlio  pail and iifter It gets to eating well  take my finger away. After n few  trials the calf will drink nil right. I  give It lhe milk of the cow for a few  tbiys until It is good to use and then  change to slc.mmllk, warming the milk  to the temperature of tbe milk drawn  from the cow.  BRECD, NOT FEED.  Only Way to Get Milk Thnt Contains  Pleuty of nutter Fat.  There are so many requests for improved rations whicli will i:'.:jease the  quality of the milk und cream of dairy  cows thnt one might be convinced that  our dairying is rapidly awakening to  the new order of things. Hut It must  be said that most or these Inquiries  voice u desire which cannot be gratified by any mixture of fce.l. They  nsk thut a feed shall be dowsed which  will Improve the richness au.l quality  of their milk. Most or them have been  feeding fairly rich foods, ami the cows  have not been siiflcring from any lack  of nourishing rations. The only answer to these requests must bo that  thc cows must be changed and not the  food. Now, it Is au excellent thing to  have un ideal ration for dairy cows  nnd to feed tlieni consistently with lt,  but such a ration fed to poor cows  would not yield any good results, says  Dr. II. T. Morse. It might In the long  run gradually Improve the quality of  the milk and cream, hut not enough to  make the difference in yie cost ot iho  food. If one wishes to use such uu  ideal ration, he should also undertake  to breed his herd up to a higher standard. If he Is not willing to dispose  of his cows for better stock, he must  nt lenst introduce new biood every  yeur. Tlie herd must be headed by a  (ine bull, which will bring up the  standard of nvcrnges, so that the ideal  ration can produce its best results.  There nre plenty wbo maintain tliat  It is impossible materially and permanently to change the percentage of  fat lu a cow's milk by improved feeding rations. Unquestionably this hits  given a good deal of dissatisfaction  and caused a good deal of discouragement in many quarters. But it should  not Temporarily Improved rations  mny show n change for the better in  the fat of thc milk, but It is small and  not permanent Consequently those  who hnve tried it and .ouiul that there  was no continuous Improvement gave  up the work and fell buck into old conditions. There is only one thing lo say  to such men. It is necessary often to  change the cows first nnd then change  the feed. Doing the latter without the  former will often produce no good results. ,-  .HBEDI^-Kii  Wet op Dry Teiitn.  It Is a little surprising, but it is nevertheless true, that we are In receipt  of an inquiry from a dairyman ns to  whether it Is better to milk with wet  or dry teats. We had supposed that  this question wns settled in the mind  of practically every dairyman worthy  of the name, says Hoard's Dairyman.  It is not only a filthy practice to wet  the teats, but it is liable to produce  chapped conditions. If for nny reason  the teat needs n little lubricating, use  a small quantity of vaseline for that  purpose and under no circumstances  .whatever attempt to milk with wet  teats.  A cattle buyer looking for "butcher  stuff" came nlong the otlier day and  offered us nt the rate of $51,011 per  head for three of our poorest milk  cows. No sooner said than done, and  the Mud Lake furm wns minus threo  of its low grade milkers. We reasoned  out of the dairy philosophy that if It  pnld to get rid of the low grade milk  cows ut any price lt surely would pay  to get rid of tliem ut 951.00 per head,  snys D. A. Kent of thc Iowa dairy  commission.  This is a great year to weed out the  unprofitable milk cow. She Is worth  more for beef nt present than she ever  sells for its a milker. The poor milker  enn be sold for enough money to buy a  good one in tlie fall. Many tire taking  advantage of the situation, and no  doubt many more will do so ere the  beef famine is broken. The only danger is tlint tl.v farmers will sell their  cows short nud continue the shortage  iu butter until the good milk cow begins to perform In the price circle. The  dniry cow sustains the same relation  to the rest of the cattle kind in the flue-  tuntion' of prices ns does real estate to  stocks and bonds���Inst to rise and last  to fall.���Wo-would-advise weeding ov.t-  the old dairy maids and ull cows that  make uo profit nt the pall, but we  vvouid also drop a word of warning  against selling the milking herd too  close. The present anomalous prices  of beef ure very tempting, and one Is  liable to let a pretty good milker go  when hnlf a hundred dollars is shaken  In ills face for just n common cow, la  common flesh, weighing about 1.100  pounds. Such usually bring $25 or $30  for beef.  Duylnc American Coin,  The manager of the Co-operative  Dairy association of Devonshire. Englnnd, has ivccnlly been lu America  buying milk cows. Speaking of his  mission, lie said:  "To keep up wilh the demand from  South Africa nearly all the principal  dairy farms In England and Scotland  are constantly buying additional herds  of milk'7 cows from other countries,  principally Holland, and no little illlli-  euity Is experienced In getting the  right kind. Milk of course Is not  shipped to the Cape In liquid form, but  Is used mostly lu the making of cheese  biscuits, butter, pastry, puddings, patent foodstuffs and so on. Thousands of  Jars of preserved cream are nlso  shipped every week.  "I will purchase most If not nil of the  milk cows from Massachusetts, chiefly  because the climate there Is very tslml-  Inr to thut of Englnnd. I will purchase  about 400 in all if I can get the kind I  Vint" I  A correspondent of Breeder's Gazette states that a dispute Is ruglng in  his neighborhood as to "the shaping  up of horses for market." He snys he  holtls that docked horses bring most  money in tlie larger cities, while another snys tliat If n shipper should  send in from the country ti pair of  short tailed horses the buyers would  call them secondhand and lefuse to  pay. or be afraid to pay, what they  reully were worth. Other points also  are lu controversy. Strangely enough  both of theso controversialists are in n  measure correct. Docked horses do  bring the most in the large cities, but  seldom froip thc shipper's hands. Docking sliould be left to the professional  dealers. Once in awhile one of these  buyers will pay full price for a docked  performer, but not often. These dealers want to do the docking themselves.  Exporters will hardly buy a docked  horse at all. In their case they surely  are afraid of gelling something sec-  oudhand. The.v want them long tailed  in���the rough or not at nil. They cannot afford to pay for the finished product Most likely it is iu the finishing  process that they hope to make lhelr  profits. The best advice that can be  given to breeders desiring to get good  prices for good horses is to present  them to buyers In us nearly natural  shape as possible and in the best condition ns to flesh aud care. Let the  tail grow as long and ns full as it will,  also the inane and foretop. nnd do' not  cut the Inst named hirsute ornament  off hoping to make the animal look n  little finer about the head.' If the legs  are Inclined to hairiness, dress tliem  up a little If the knack has been acquired; otherwise leave them alone,  und on no account use the shears.  Horses' legs are not dressed up wilh  the scissors. Leave n natural amount  of born iu tlio feet.  Tniifrleur.  The Illustration shows the black Per-  cheron stallion Tongleur. Imported and  owned by E. S. Akin, Scipio. N. V. His  weight is 1.C00 pounds. Tongleur is  the winner of four first prizes.  Help the Home. ,  What un unpleasant hindrance a sore  baud or foot is when one is doing  active manual labor. How about the  horse that lias to work when lame or  with raw sores on his buck or shoulders? asks Rural New Yorker. Alter  n forenoon of agony with the collar  pressing on these sore places it is little  wonder that he hangs back when taken  from the stable for afternoon nnd is  not enthusiastic about wearing the harness again. Most collar galls or similar sores are needless��� trademarks of  thc bad, management, laziness or  thoughtless cruelty of those handling  llie horses. Ill fitting or dirty collars  cause part of the trouble, and a large  share of the remainder comes from  excessively long, hard pulling in hot  weather, so that the skin under the-  collar is really cooked. A bit of tinkering will often help the fit of n collar.  If not. It is poor economy to use it  The part which touches the flesh can  easily be kept free from the pasty dirt  often found there. A little washing of  the shoulders at noon and night will  help. The blistered skin may be avoided by stopping for a minute now and  then lo lift the collars and,' let the  shoulders coll. But no matter how well  the harness tits, a horse doing sucb  work as plowing, harrowing or mow*  Jug in hot weather is entitled to have  'his harness removed at- noon. . This  takes but a few'minutes, yet vve know  of men so lazy or thoughtless that they  seldom  do  it    A  galled shoulder is  mose-caslly-preventcd-than cured, --  Clipping Work Horncn.  The Michigan experiment station has  Just concluded a trial with clipped and  uncUppcil work burses. In one Instance  one horse In each of three pnlrs wus  clipped und its mate ullowed to shed  Its old coat when It got uyound to it. In  another trial, as reported in the dispatches, one pair wits clipped, und nnother doing tlie sume work vvas made  to keep Its long hair. Observations  wero tnken at stated periods, but thc  results were not at nil conclusive. * Professor Smith, who conducted the experiments, states thnt thc horses wlilch  weie clipped did their work ln much  greater comfort thun tbo.se thut were  not. anel thnt means n grent deal. The  iippeariice of the clipped animals ulso  was considerably the befit and tbe general results of the trials In favor of the  use of ilie clippers If not definitely conclusive.  Griiyn In tbe Army.  All the remount buyers In their advertisements sny, "No grnys wanted.*'  From this It would seem thut the ancient "second to nones" of Wuterloo  charging fame were In future to be  mounted on bays and browns. Possibly a gray uniform will be given us a  solatium: with a view to preserving the  title, but the magnificent grays which  excited the admiration of Napoleon  make too conspicuous targets for long  range weapons to be effective lu model ti wurfate.��� Loudon Live Stock Jour-  nu1.  ROOTS FOR HOGS.  I'roof Thnt Tliey Canwe n Freer Ai-  ��� Eiullatlou of Other Foudti.  We bnve frequently made the statement that roots have n feeding value  much higher than is represented by  their chemical analyses. Wo havo  claimed tlmt thc effect on the animal's  system hns been most beneficial and  that a small quantity of roots fed in  nearly overy case would cause a freer  assimilation of other foods, says Homestead.  There hns just come to hand a report  from tho Ontario experiment station lu  which nn Interesting experiment hns  been conducted with hogs, the results  of which tally very closely with our  position on the subject One lot of  hogs fed burley and middlings for a  period of seven months gave a daily  gain of two-fifths of a pound, while  another .lot fed with a similar quantity  of thc same grain, supplemented by  roots, gnve a dally gain of four-fifths  of a pound per duy. In this instance  it wns found that 310 pounds of roots  were equivalent to 100 pounTJs of meal.  This report claims thnt this Is an exceedingly high value tor roots, and yet  such were the facts Indicated by tho  experiment      v  In a not hor instance corn nnd middlings were fed, in which case the hogs  gave six-tenths of a pound of a dally  gain, while the gain was seven-tenths  of u pound when this meal was supplemented by roots. In this ense it  was found that 504 pounds of roots  equaled 100 pounds of the meal in feeding value.  We believe that there would bo moro  healthy hogs in the country if roots  were grown to a larger extent and  mnde to take thc place of some of our  heavy meals ln the hog ration. Wo believe in mnny Instances that hogs are  fairly burned up with heavy meals  nnd thut much economy might be practiced by supplementing some cheap,  succulent food, sucli ns mangels, carrots or turnips. As to the effect of  roots on the character of thc increase  in'this case the report snys: "Those  which were fed roots were much moro  growthy nnd thrifty looking than tho  others uud showed'less tendency to be-' '  come fat It Is possible, therefore, that  thc roots had a beneficial effect upon  the digestive organs of the-animals,  causing" them to digest tlielr food better than the others, for tliere is little  doubt that hogs closely confined iu  pens ure likely to huve indigestion."  Truly a Great Dliicovcry.  Professor Belirlng of Berlin announces tbnt he has discovered a process of Inoculation by which youug cattle may be rendered immune from tuberculosis. He states In his book,  which, according to ti press dispatch, Is  soon to be published, that he hns succeeded in inoculating cattle with the  virus of human consumption, and the  result-later was the death of the animals. His discovery of the substance  which, being.injected .under the skin  of young cattle, renders them Immune  Is, Professor Belirlng snys, his greatest discovery.  A Big Georgia Ranch.  A Now York corporation has purchased, fenced ami stocked partially  a 10,000 ucre ranch in Lincoln county,  Ga. Only 1,100 acres aro fenced.  The first Installment of cnttle hns been  placed In tho fenced'pasture. It ls  proposed to breed nnd fatten cattle for  thc southern markets.  'J?"  The general opinion prevails that the  Angora goat is an exceedingly hardy  animal and can take care of. Itself  without any difficulty under' almost  any circumstances, says American Agriculturist A prominent' breeder in  Texas calls attention to the fnct that  tills Is true ouly In part Goats are  nble to find tlieir living on rough, unproductive ground. They,. are great >  browsers and will live on brush and  comparatively scanty herbage. However, the young goats ure tender during the flrst two or three months and  must be given careful attention. This  breeder stated that he got the Idea that  the goats could be turned into pnsture  nnd allowed to shift,for themselves.  -Ile-waB-then-livlng-in-the-E'i'tnhandlo--  region. lie bought SCO females and  took them to Donley county nud placed  them on what Is usually considered an ,  ideal location. The land was rough  and rocky und supplied sufficient fot-r  age. In sixteen months the herd of  gonts wns reduced to 1G0 bend. Ho  thinks that gouts In common with most  other domestic animals must be given  careful attention, put into corrals at  night nnd turned out ln the morning.  Thc kids wheu turned out with tho  herd will, cuddle down. under a. bush  or shrub, and tbe mother gont will go  on, leaving the kid to be destroyed by  wolves or perish from lack of nourishment       i  This man's view of thc Angora goat  question Is ln Hue with thc experience  of many who hnve attempted to ralso  them. There ls no doubt that Angoras are here to stay aud can be profitably rnised In many phtccB lu the  country. They must, however, not bo  neglected If they nre to be profitable.  I.Ike Any Other Dnnlnem.  We do not expect all to make a fortune out of Angoras. There will bo  failures nnd successes chronicled In*'  this business the snine ns there nre ln  the sheep business. Management is  the governing power of the business.  Keep Nipple Open.  Watch the doe's udder. Sometimes  it requires the use of a diirning needle, to open up tbe nipple so the milk  will flow. It ls a simple operation.  Don't be nfmld at It  , .' j  ,v ^���f^��Mii__s_ae��5  THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER. B. C.  Notices of dismissal have been  served on tho colliers in the Bochum  and Dortmund districts, 'Westphalia,  where it has been decided to restrict  tho output of coal.  No family living ln a bilious country  should be without Parmoloe's Vegetable  I'llls. A few doses taken now and then  will keep tlie liver active iclonnso tho  stomach and bowols from all bilious matter and prevent Aguo. Mr. J. L Price.  Shoals, Martin Co., Ind . writca : " I  huvo tried a box of Parmeleo's Pills and  find thein tho bwt madicine Ior Fever and  Ague I have ever uaed."  TWO LETTERS.  HAS NOT CHANGED HIS MIND IM  SEVEN YEARS.  TJhli Correspondence Tell* Mare Emphatic Ically Than Perhnpi Anything Canld,  the Perfect Permanency of Caret Mad*  by Dodd'i Kidney Pills.  Gelert,   Ont.,   Sept.   8,���(Special)���  Mr. Samuel Kernahan, of this place,  is   a    wonderful    example   of   what  Dodd's Kidney Pills will do for sick  I und suffering humanity.  Mr. Kernahan had been very ill, m-  Pursnips, it is contended by scicn-1 deed  so  ill    that  tho    doctors    had  tists possess nlmost tho same virtues  given him up as   incurable,   lie had  claimed for Snrsnparilla. I spent a great deal of money in try-   ��� I ing to obtain a cure, but all iii vain,  Spinach    has    medicinal    qualities * until    at    Inst    a   friend   suggested  ��qual to all blue pills ever made.  Messrs.  C.  C. Richards & Co.,  Gentlemen���In Ji��o '98 1 had. my  hand nnd wrist badly bitton by a  vicious hoise. I suffered greatly for  several days, and tho tooth cuts refused to heal, until your agont gave  me a bottle of MINARD'S LINIMENT, which I began using, and the  ���affect was magical. In five houis tho  pain had ceased, and in two weeks  tho wpund had complotely healed  and my hand and arm ware as woll  as ever. Yours truly,  A. E. ROY,  Carriage Maker,  St. Antoino, P.Q.  Dfldd's Kidney Pills. This wonderful remedy soon made him a well  man, and although this^was nearly  seven years ago, ho hns scarcely  known what illness has been since,  and has never had a return of his  old tioublo. The following letters  wliich ho has addressed to tho proprietors of Dodd's Kidnoy Pills, tell  the story :���  Geleit, Out., Oct. 12, 1895.  In Dec. 1893, I vvas taken sick and  laid up, unable to work for 14  months. I was confined to my house  and to my bed. I was attended at  various times, during these months by  five different doctors. Tliree of them  decided tliat my ailment wns float-  a,   .     .        -      , ,,    ��������� ������ i mg kidney nnd incurable.   The other  States has passed tho 200,000 mark, two said that it was spinal disease,  which ib considerably more than two- | but all five of them pronounced my  fifths of the entire railway mileage of j case absolutely und positively lncur-  tno world.  al)]e.   My molley wns ncnriy alj gOn0j  | for 1 was not a rich man     Some ono  ndviccd mc   to   try   Dodd's   Kidney   -  j Pills,   nnd ns  a  last hope I did  so.  If jou had as many lenses in each 'After T had taken three boxes I was  eye as thc common dragon fly lias'able to walk about, but I continued  each .of your oignns    of sight would J the treatment until I had taken   18  Railway    mileage in    the    United  Minard's Liniment is best Hair Restorer.'  bo as big as a box car.  botes.   Now I can say I am entirely  ,     ��� ���    ~,     Z    TT",,. . ,-       f I cuied al,d llbI�� t0 do m>" work ns well  TfOver's    Y-'/J   (Wise  Ilcmll   Dlitnfcctant < n.   ���,���,. �����,���������!   tv-��� i  Soap  Powder is Hotter than other soan   ns  c^cl Samuel   Kernahan  i.ovwlers,  ant.  us it also  acts us a dlsinfcct-  Ifieutennnt Pero/el has been expoll-  ed floin un Austiian Ilussnr legi-  aicnt because he did not use his  sword on a laborei  who struck him.  THY IT.���It vvouid bo a cross injustice  to confound tlmt standard henhng agent  ���Dr Thomas' Electric Oil���with tho or-  dliuiry unguents, lotions and salves.  Thev are oftentimes inllnminatorv and  antrlngent H'hiH oil is, on tho contrnrv.  ��inineiitlv cooling and Bootlilng when applied extcrnallv to relieve pain and  powerfully remedial when swallowed.  Gelert,   April  24,  1902  I nm as sound as I ever was and  have not had tlie slightest letuin of  my old tiouble, since Dodd's Kidney  Pills cured me nwny back in '94.  Samuel Kernahan.  Dodd's Kidney Tills cure  to   stay  cured.  When n man proposes 9he doesn't  soeni to realize that it may result in  his losing control of himself.  A mnn's word in business is better  than his word in a lovo affair.  Prince Charlie's taitnn cloak,which  he woro during the rebellion in 1745,  I is now being exhibited  in a tailor's  window nt Pitlochry, Perthshire.  Minard's liniment Cares LaGrippe.  Two torpedo boats of the Imperial  German navy will always bo stationed in future on the Rhine.  An optimist is a man who has his  winter's coal in  After one man hns snid a clever  thing lots of others wondor why  ���hey never thought of it.  Gei many's annual consumption of  baer works out at over 36 gallons  per head of population.  Mine. Isacescu, tho Viennese swimmer, is training for another attompt  to swim the English channel.  We lmve no hesitation in saving that  Ilr. J. D. Kellogg's Dysentery Cordial is  without doubt the best medicine ever introduced tor bvsentorv. diarrhoea, cholera and all slimmer coinolalnts. ' soa  sickness, etc. It promptly gives relief  and never fails to effect a nosltire curo  Mothers should never be without a bottlo when thoir children are teething  Envied  lhe Oilier ttoy,  Johnny���I wish I wns Tommy .Jones.  Mother���Whj ? You imp strotig"i*  thnn he is, you have n better home,  more toys and more pocket money.  Johnny���Yes. I know, but be cnu  wiggle his e.trs.  for  Experience the Only Tcnrlu-r.  She���Tliei e's   nully   no   i en son  ninirii'd folks tn <]imrrel  He���No, except  thnt  tliey generally  need it.few quarrels to liud thut out.  The man who hns tlie moit to sny  nbout charity beginning nt home K  generally the one wlio thinks thnt reform ought to begin ou the otbur side  of the world.  Thc German government has decided to start a system of motor <*nrs  in Gorman East Africa, supplementing the main railway.  No Russian is allowed to return to  his native country if he ,1ms while  away changed his religion '  Milord's Unseat* is tke best.  When a baby girl is born she at  once begins to yell for clothes, and  she never gets over the habit.-_  CITY'OWN3JFR   NCHI=E\  1.31'erl. in*,   uf   flutl.lf*r<ilf)fl   lu   '1 llii.isln  l.iiieri/ri��ti>��� Oi a I'r. Jji..b,��- ��t GHi.���  ltl��    . l.l.-l     ,nri.��  l.-nL  Iu" the past thieo years tho \igcr-  ous action of the Council of III duel h-  iield li.is, gieatly improved the faUl-  lttes foi living and doing bu&incss  theie. and it lias undertaken enterprises the piolits of which the inlc-  pujcis hope in tho near futuie will  gie.itly lessen their taxes.  -��,he Town of lluddersuold lias a  'population of about one hundred  thousand. For years it has cuiikd  on lhe gn.s works as a municipal enterprise, und hus made a good prolit  ut a prut* 01 (IS cents per thousand  feet The wnter vvoiks is also one  of the older fi.inchises, and one th it  has hitherto puid a good piohl on  the investment, but Inst summer, dining a penod ot di oi.ght, u le.ik vv.is  di.scoveied under the rock border of  the reservoir, which cume near causing n w.itei famine. To stop this  leal*, and put the works be) ond the  peindventuic of another Jaiinne, 11 it tl���  deislield i.s now asking powei s to  spend jC.-jOO.OOU. This will keep the  ratt'i-ayeis busy for Mime lime, but  in the end they will have one of the  beat w.itei vvoil.s systems 111 the  countiy, and one that lhe i-ili'cns  hope will be opcuited pioiitably. The  rates iuo about $10 per year for a  house of ten  rooms and gulden  Leaks of uuolliei kind, but none the  loos incompatible with prolit, wire  discoveietl lust vour in tho tramway  dep.nl ment. Thc icsult ,was a tho-  lough house-cleaning, and a remodeling of the sjstem. Cars used foi inci ij to nm once in half an hour, and  now tl'i'V run once in ten min.tJS,  with the result that the trallic has  great 1\   mcrci'i'd  nays have not paid, but at the end  of this j ear it is hoped theie will bo  a balance on the right side  T,h" latest addition to the list of  municipal undei takings is elettiicity  foi both public nnd pnv.itc lighting.  Tins is .sold veij cheaply, and it will  undoubtedly pay when it is thoioiig'n-  1/ uilieduced, as thu cituens tue taking to it veiv kindly  Some yens ngo Huddoisheld was  piahiliued bj the Gov ei nment fiom  tiuii'ng lis sewage into the Uivct  Colne, which in consequence of sewage luul become polluted und ollcii-  sive The niU'P.iyei s of Iluddetsfield  had llicieiore to install a modct n  sewage clisi o��.il-plant. which, in ud-  dit'on to impioving the health of the  town, ttit lib back a cleai stic.im of  water into  the river.  Summing up the whole situation,  Mr. Vvoolgoi of that city, vvho vvas  recently tout ing in Canada, says that  while these municipal enterprises aie  now beaiing somewhat he.uily on  the i.itcpayeis, the expectation is  that they will shoitly lighten the  rates by then* profits. Iluddersfield  is one of tlie most pi ogi essive tow ns  in Fngland in this lespcct, nnd having been a pioneer, it has had to buy  its experience at inst hand, and ra-  thei expensively. The most expensive fault was the employment of too  cheap men, vvho have pro>cd dear  enough to the municipality Ilt'd-  deisfield has been the Mecca of late  jeais foi municipal experts from  other parts ot Englnnd, and from the  Continent, vvho aie pioliting b.v the"  experience for which Iluddersfield luis  paid.  ���  A GRATEFUL TRIBUTE  FROM A MAN WHO LOOKED UPON  '       HIS CASE AS HOPELESS.  Donors Diagnosed Hlu Cone as Catarrh of  the Stomach, but Failed tu Help Him  ���Mu.ijr lti-medlcii IVere Tried Ucfurv  a Cure lliu I'uiind.  From the Bulletin, Bndgewatei, N.S.  X\e, suppose there is not u corner  in this wido Dominion in which will  not bo found people who havo been  rostorod to health and strength  through the use of Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills. Thero are many such cases  here in Bridgevvater and its vicinity,  and we ate this week given permission to lecord ono for the boneiit of  similar sufferers. The case is well  known in this vicinity and the tenacity of the disorder was remarkable.  For six years Alfred Vienot, a surveyor of lumber for tho great lumbor  firm of Davison & Sons, was a victim of a serious disorder of the stoni-  ich. His sufferings weie excruciating  and lie had wasted to a shadow. Doctors pi escribed for him, yet thc agon-  l/.ing pains remained. Many remedies  were tried but to no avail. Tho case  wna diagnosed as catarrh of tho  stomach ; food beenmo distasteful,  life a bin den. Tho trouble went on  for nearly six years, then a good  Samaritan advised the use of Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills. Tho pills woro  Civcn a fair, patient trial, Mr. Voi-  not using about a dozen boxes, and  So far tho ti am-I befoie they were all gone a perman-  ' cnt cure was effected. Mr. Vienot is  now able to attend to his business  vvhen it looked as if he vvas doomed  to die lie is grateful to this groat  medicine foi his cure and has no hesitation in saying so  Because of theii thoiough  ptoinpt action on the blood  nerves these pills speedily  anaemia, rheumatism, sciatica,  cial pnialjsis, St. Vitus' dance  sciofiila und eruptions of tho^skin,  erysipelas, kidney and liver troubles  and the functional ailments which  makes the lives of so many women a  source of constant misery Get the  genuine with the full name "Dr. Williams Pink Pills for Palo People" on  tho wrapper around each-box. Sold  bjr medicino dealers or sent post paid  at ."iO cents a box or six boxes for  $2 50 by nddiessing the Dr. Williams  Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont.  ask :for  Ogilvie's Oats  Delicious flavor.   Free from hulls.     Warranted Pure.  Put  up  in  all  sized packages.  Ogilvie's Hungarian  As now manufactured.  Insist on getting "OGILVIE'S,  The great FAMILY FLOUR.    .  " as they are better than the Best.  MAVE   NO   EQUAL..  and  und  cure  par  ���Z���'  ~V 7 ���  PERSONAL -  Mntrlmonj��� (vluu to.) Gent lemon sbould  join tlio 1 Iri tilth Corrrnpoiulence Bureau,  154 Ubury Street, London, S. W. England*  Particulars free.  IMPERIAL MAPLE SYRUP  The quality stnnilarri from Ocean to  Ocean. Your niouoy buck If not s��r-  lifuctory. -  ROSE St LAFtAJDIE, A��rt����� MONTREAL.  When the millionth visitor pusied  throiurh thc turnstile at Dusseldotf  exhibition he vvas presented with a  valuable gold watch and chain.  Waletcicss is a  "good,  all-round"  bruco-up for the system.  BABY'S OWN TABLETS.  Help I.lttlr  Hivt'ie* nnd lliu Clillilivn  nil Tlic-ir Minor AiluicntK.  :iyy^$pi  HALCYON HOT SPRINGS  SANITARIUM  Arrow Uake, O. O.  Situated midst scenery unrivalled for  granilvur. Tlio must complete healtli resort on the continent of >or.h "America.  Its baths euro nil Nervous and Muscular diseases. Its waters heal ull Kldnoj,  Liver and Stouluch ailments.  They nro a nover-fal]li]�� remedy for all  Itheumntic troubles.  There is more joy over one sinner  who makes up a quorum, than over  ninety nnd nine who come legularly.  An Ohio" woman recently preached  her husband's funeral sermon She  wns bound to have the last word.  Celery is  tonic.  an   acknowledged   nerve  i  I  BOWH?*  woN^ I  r    .,rfSTHESYSTEHl  CLEANSesEFFECTUALLV?  OVERCOMES  ,     ^.datiav.  HABITUAL C0NSTIPAT'0N  OUUAU       PERMANENTLY  DUY THE GENUINE -M^N'Ft) BV  @I^RNIApGJYRVFg  ^   MV    *<       ^     CAL. ^       *   N.V.  X  fQP SALE BY Alt 0RU6GIST5 PRICt 50c.P_R,e01Tlf.  '    Pollteneiia In Mexico.  Gentlemen in Mexico tip hats whenever they see each other, they shake  hands whenever they meet and 'part,  they do not consider it bnd l'oim to  stand In line on the sldevvnll.s nnd  stare nt tho Indies, the.v worn* their  hats In'ti theater until the curtain rises,  nud, moreover, they put them ou between the nets und stand np to look  "at the_.u*:dicnciir"ri'nd-aftefrii_separnT  tion they cmUuee and put ench other  on the bnck if they happen to be Intimate friends.  They smoke everywhere, even' in  somo theaters. They never carry bundles in the street, but each ls attended  by n servant, vvho carries even the  smallest; package. They ure wonderfully com toons to each other, nnd two  friends will spend n good deal of time  In deciding wlilch shall enter n rojtn  or cm riuge flrbt.  Finally, every, Mexican gentlemnn  when strolling on n street insists on  giving thc Inside of the walk to Ills  companion ns a mark of politeness.  This point Is quickly decided If there  ls n difference ln station or age, but tt  thore Is not, nnd the two friends ge  down a street and cross often sg that  the rolntlv��--Hltiuiis are changed, a  now dlscu.'-'Wi ns to which shnll occupy the Inside becomes necessary a*  every corner.   M'lifte Autmali Among; the JapnncNe.  A white I ox Is often mentioned in the  J.ip.itii'.si' l.'.bh'S. nnd n white serpent  appears In their pictures of Hontcii. the  j:iddi'.>*.N of Ioi time. Amoiig the .lup-  uiiese. n.s nnimiiv the nncicnt Greeks:nd  Sc.v tliluns, while horses weie dedicated  to the 'gods und nre still attached to  tlie larger temples of the countiy. The  milk nnd butter of white cows wcte  foi merly prized us a medicine.  _ltnlrf.ur'- L-tt��*r in Kin*;,  At 11  o'clock on  the i.'.ghts whr.n  tho House of Commons is .sitting, Jilt*  ..Balfour,  if ho  is not already in    lhe  Chamber, sai>n'cis in. tak.os a qu.iito  sh"et of note paper with the olIici.il  ciest of the House,  fiom  'he  table,  and a blotting pad, seals himself on  the Ticasury  bench,  produces    irom  his wai>-U*oiit pookot  a fountain pen  attached  to his gold tandem  u.ilch-  t-ham,   an'l   devotes   Iho. hour  or   so  that remains before the ndiom nment  of    the House  *o   lh?  writing of    a  letter.    'Jhcu*rn few are await' of it,  ihis letter is an   i account    of     tho  night's    proceedings   in   the   House,  vvliuli  thc leader of the House sends  to tho King.  . It vvill bo asked, why   should     the  leader    of    the- House   of    Commons  vviitc for the King a niehtly ieport  of the doings of thi Hon'*' Is it  not, in view of lhe tepoits jiuolish-  . id in the moi inn;* nuvvspnpois, u  siheoi woik of siipciorogation' 'iho  King, no doubt, lends the Times ln  tint journal His Majesty oltcn finds  as many us ten or twelve lohm ni  filkd with the proceedings of tlu  ITou.**e of Commons the night befoie  Rmelj such a report ought to t-.iti'-fy  even Iho most voiacious appetite for  lii'elligince of the sayings and domes  of   the  leprescntntive  Chamber     lu  iruth the writings of that nightlv ic- ...  poit by the leader of the lions,, for A I'L'C01'd "n courtship and propos*  the Sovereign is one of the ni.*nv il- als has occurred at Lubeck, in Gei  lustrations' of the tcn.icitv with .many, where resides a hotel propne-  which I'ariiamcnt clin-rs to foi in.- .v d 'tor with a family of sK children���  leicimmios which have ionic down I four sons and two daughteis���who  fiom the far oil past, no mattei hoiv|wcio nil betrothed in one day. The  remol"'   they   may have   been   nude |hall-dozen happy couples were    also  and    i>ne  for them  When your child���whether it is a  big child or little baby���suffers from  stomach or bowol troubles uf any  kind, isnsivous, fidgety or cross and  doesn't sloop well, give Baby's Own  Tablets This medicine is tho quickest and sin est cure���and'the salest,  because it contains no opiate oi  harmful diug. No matter how young  or how feeble your little one is tho  Tablets can be given with a certainty that the result will be good I'or  very young infants crush the Tablets  to a povvdor. Mrs. George W. Porter, '.Choroid, Ont., says :���"My baby  had indigestion badly when he was  about thice months old. He vas  constantly hungry and his lood did  him no good as he vomited it as soon  as ho took it. He was very^thin and  pale and got but little *decp, ns he  ciied nearly all the time, ,voth day  and night. He was constipated; 1 is  tongue coated and his breath Lad.  Nothing did him any good until I  got Baby's Own Tablets, and alter  giving him theso a short tune he began to get better. His food digested  properly; his bowels became legular,  he began to grow, and, is now u 'jig,  healthy boy. I always keep the tab-  lots on hnnd and can recommend  them to other mothers "  The Tablets can be obtained at any  drug store or you can get them by  mail, post paid, at 25 cents a box  by writing direct to tho Dr. Williams  Medicino Co., Brockville, Dnt.. or  Schenectady, N. Y.  TERM- $15 to $1S pei  to residenco in Ho.el or villus  week, according  To Assimilate Food  see that your stomach and  liver are in proper condition.  To do it easily and pleasantly take "  Beecham's  Pills  Sold Eveiyw hero.   In boxes, 95 cents.  A whale can remain  for an hour and a half.  under water  COLIC AND KIDNEY DIFFICULTY ���  Mr. J. W. wilder, J. P.. Lafarptevillc. N.  Y , writes ; "I am subicct to severe attacks) of Colic and Kidney Difficulty and  find rarmclco's Pills adord mo gieat relief, while all other remedies hnvo failed,  Th��y are the best medicino I have over  used." In fnct so great is tho power of  this medicine to cleanBO and Durifv. thai,  disoases of almost every namo and nature are driven from tho body.  A homing pigeon flew 400 miles,  from Listowel, County Kcivy, to  Ealing, near London, in 9 hours IS)  minutes.  from thi' icahties of the pc'ci.t day married on the same day  by  (h.J  revolutions  accompli'-hoil  time.���London Tid-Bits  iv  >> Mlltler"  llu*    *n    ���>  "Iml,"  1 Loid lloberls onco foi n I himself  thi ceulro of a circle of nev,* ii it i tl-.  in a London-Club Tlieie vv.is n \ery  tall gentleman prcient. who, evidently believi'mv himsolf to sh'iic a�� n wit,  sci/cd eveiy opt oituuity to r.vi>*o a  laugh at the olh'i* people's e\| I'tiiC  On btjing inlrotlurrd to Lonl Koherls  the vvit hml down pnlioui/.itigl.v lo  his loid'-lup, nnd rcmniketl  "I liavu often lunrd of .vou. Inn"���  t-h.i.ling his eyes will; rn ��� liniJI. a*,  llioi'ifli the famous gcuci.il- h'm ' so  snub, con 'tl be seen only vvilh dt/li-  eulty���"1 hnve never i-ooii .vou "  To this Lo'd I Solicits pioniptlv leplied:  "I hnvo often icni you, ill*, but I  have   never li.uid di ���>*"."  .���.verjoi'o piesent wus d.'liLh'etl  with I.o.tl lio'ivil's leply. und the  "wit" soi,ii ufteruiiids disiipj'c.iiixl.  ���Lin leu  Ansvveis.   .  wedding breakfast  all.  served  '���1 III.   Oll-IMI." ,  By the time tho new hnlllesl'i.i  "Tl'o Qi'Cin" is lea.i.v foi .sen���it is  hoped in twelve or ciglitcin months'  time���she vvill represent a lost of  ��1.100,000, apart from hor in ma-,  ment.  HOW CAUSTIC BURNS.  Take a piece of woollen clotb, or ���>  piece of a blanket, and boll it thoroughly in a strong solution ot caustic  soda, and you will find the wool will  gradually bo eaten away, leaving  nothing but the skeleton. Women do  not realize how " soap substitutes,"  which aro generally surcharged with  soda, or how common alkaline soaps  destroy their clothing; consequently  they, woek by weok, subject costly  fabric to such treatment. The hands  also ara Immersed for hours in such  solutions, resulting in eczema, coarso  skin, and brittle nails. The caustic  aoda may loosen the dirt, but It cats  away tho fabric and ruins tho hands,  There Is no economy ln such work.  It ls s0|Casy for a woman to test the  difference between an alkali charged  soap and a neutral washing soap, that  lt ls straago that there is room for  any but a pure soap on the Canadian  market Sunlight Soap has been  tested by chemists and analysts the  world over, and its freedom from freo  alkali or caustic has been demonstrated  by the highest medical authorities.  Consequently the true saying, " Sunlight Soap reduces expenses."     602.  It costs on an average ��40 lo put  out a fire in London and ��138 to extinguish one in New Yoik.  Minard's Liniment for Rheumatism.  It i��  estimated by engineeis    that  the leakage   from   the gas pipes    of  London equal 9 per cent, of tho to  tal manufacture.  IJWIy   Friend  and mysolf always smolco JLUCIJfA  Cigars, just for tbat sweat flavor.  Yon and your friend will oajoy them  iiut tho samo.  ' MANTTFAOTOIIKD  BT  GEO. F. BRYAN & CO WINNIPEG  W. N. U. No. 393.  In Manila most of thc houses and  ofllocs have tiny window panes mnde  of translucent oyster shell instead rf  glass. An average window Oft. high  by 4ft. wide contains 2C0 shell panes  which temper the heat* and light of  tho sun and prevent blindness.  In Russia when a weapon ot any  kind is purchased a permit must be  secured from the locnl authorities  The name of the man who makes tho  pin chase, with the number of tho  weapon is iccoidcd. If the purchaser  over wants to dispose of the weapon  ho must notify tho authorities and  cause tho transfer to be recorded on  the books of the firm which sold it.  Arc you going  to start ia  Newspaper ?  1  T[ Then write to us for prices and  terms upon TYPE, MATERIAL and  MACHINERY.   :::::::::::  % We cany the only stock in the  Northwest, and can furnish complete Job and Newspaper Plants at  short notice; also Ready-Prints in  _all_sizes_and_styles._:_._:_:_: :_:_:_._  BOB  Toronto Type Fdry  Co'y, Limited.  I7S McDcrmot Avenue, Winnipeg.  With the piesent low price of fruit  it is no compliment to call a girl a  psach. It is equivalent to saying she  looks liko thirty cents.  Ttnly is not the only country that  can boast of its buried' towns and  villages. In Scotland there are the  Culbiji Sands, covering a huge tract  of country, under which many dwellings lie entombed ; while in Ireland  theio is the ancient town of Pannon,  situated on a onco feitllo tract between Wexford and Wateiford, ns effectually covered vvith snnd as ever  l'ompeii was with red-hot cinders or  Ilorculnnoum with lava.  Wilson's  Fly Pads  . . (POISON)  .  .  Sure Death to Files  Clean,   Safe,  Effectual.  Inthe Rock of Gibraltar there are  sevcaty miles of tunnels.  o  "f. i lxn-Aixuisr jBii^JLiiJilMlV  c^UAtuut routrt �����ik��aiat^ltiS^SSS!9KXi 1  I*  I  II  11  SEATTLE NOTES.  il  Lovely goods those���n pleasure.to show them. The newest materials  lor   Ladies'   Tuilor-nuvde   Gowns.      ���   .  1I110ADCLOT11.S, WEST OP ENGLAND CLOTHS, CHEVIOTS.  VENKT1ANS, ZlllEUNES. CAMEL'S 1IA1U, HOI' SACK SU1T-  lNl'.S.-. '������������'.-. ��������  Tliey uro in ull the new. shades'and in plain and fancy weaves.  There nro some  very  choice single costume lengths among them.  It pleases us to give you tin estimate on Tailor-made Gowns, made  in strictly first-class style on tho premises.  All work guaranteed,  too.  ���     HLIlllLVI    ^9  (5) (Successor io Scott & Kennedy)  | 303 Hasting* Street,        Vancouver, B. C.  'mmmm^m  Weak Spots!  Or.r UNION MADE Shoes  from Canadian aiid Anion  can Union factories'are the  best in the land. Men's,  Ladies' and Children's Shoe?,  durable and stylish.  THE rATEUS0i\ SHOE CO., LD  301 Hastings St.  'JIEWS OF'Jlifi LAKOKIVOK-LD  a   Printers    Devils'  Chicago. , boasts  .union. . **  Sliclbyville, Ind., has enacted an eight*  hour law. '  Topeka, Kansas, will try the.building  ol a labor temple.'  There are 80,000 mill employees in the  south under 1-1 years of nge. .', '-'.',  The. South Wales' Miners' 'Federation  has ii membership  of 1*28,000.  Queensland mourns , thc utmost certain  passage of a poll tax bill.  Colorado will make its first experiment this fall for, direct legislation.  The.>.lake I'ront. workers j?!' Buffalo are  seeking to abolish all Sunday work.,  The Carpenters' convention at Atlanta voted ��10,000 to the striking miners.  The .choristers of the Koyal ���. Netherlands opera house have gone on a strike.  A. one day strike secured a 25-cent  raise I'or^tho Holders of Wutertown,  M.  Y..V ;"���   ,    ���'      ';':;."���'  The Tailors' union .'.of*'Oakland report  twenty-seven now .members at their last  meeting.- :.-  Sixteen new unions have been added  to the stationery Jiremen during the last  <i0'dnys.'    "��� -      ';-���     ' '' "     '.  'J'he Social Democratic party of Germany is: vvorking for a legal7 eight-hour  workday.':    ,'���" '. "'"  The Chicago Federation of Labor has  nearly doubled its membership in:. the  lost;ton months, ,-..;:'  i 'I'hc bakers of Patefsori, :tt. J.,. arc.bn  a strike for. shorter hours, and. recognition'of the union.'.  The;'Operative, Bakers' National Federal; union in Scotland is 'Working for  an eiurlit-hour. day. -'���-,-��� ���',;���'  Dnlby,. Queensland, kangaroo hunters  have formed a union , for protection  against.skin buyers.  The brewery workers of Philadelphia.  now; liave .complete control of.the ; 0*1.  breweries..in the city. ..',.;  Sandusky, O., bakers have secured, a  new-wage scale and the union Intel goc*^  on every loaf of bread.     ."���'.  Nino iron and steel .concerns of'.England have gone into a ,,trust with a  capital of 860,000,000.       -:  IJy.lor'gani/.ing tho Chicago street rail-  ,<way employees have gained a 10 per  cent  increase  in  wages.  The tin workers arc threatened with  a 25 per cent cut in wages by. the American Tin-Plate company..  I The strike of Electrical Workers in.Ot-  tuinvva, .Ia.,: is at nn end and an increase in wages granted.  Tho Julian people nro rejoicing in the  -prospect of a $2iV,06'0. or $30,000 dnm,  reservoir  and   water system-to   be  con-  &����������������������������si������������  |Tbe Sail  ;;     ;1  .of-*; tif e    ���        I  is business.   Wc wnnt. mora ot @  it.    ffo'Hu'iif. il,if nn out anil out GO  bargain will fetch it.  ">'���; - Mow Is This  A two-quart  'Hot'Water .Bottlo  .   , ��� or ���  Fountain Syringe  '  iy75c.   ���';���..��� ../':  I Tlie "Lowell, Alkins, |  |       iVatsoii Co., Mil. Liability |  <g UP-TO-DATE DRLCCISTS. $  IS������������������������������������������  structed by the proprietors of the Santa Isabel ranch.  The American Labor Union rejoices in  the addition of 8,000 members of the  I'ugct  Sound  fishermen.  The Dominion Coal company of Canada is about to export 100,000 tons of  coal to tho United States.  All but three firms in Eureka, Cal.,  have renewed the early closing agreement with the clerks', union. >'",'  Thc local union of barbers in Indianapolis, Ind., has unionized: twenty-five  shops in the last two weeks.  Nearly 700 strikes took placo' in  Great Britain during the; last year, GS  per cent of which were successful.  ,  .Fresno  now has  a Stableman's  union.  Kvery trade represented Ain linkers-  field,  Oil.,  has a union  of its craft.  Ncustadter Bros., g.tvrment manufacturers, are erecting a -largo factory at  Portland, which will be strictly union.  Hereafter Seattle union musicians  cannot play at dances with non-union  protnptners under penalty of a' heavy  line. '' 7      '.'''���  A freight "blockade is threatened at  Oakland' for/ lack '��� of sufficient rolling  .stock to move the.freight now accumulating.'  About 30,000 people attended a sports  carnival' recently at thc Melbourne exhibition in;;.aid of .tho .distressed . unemployed. '���'; . **���. "'"' ' ;'  . Tlio clerks of Seattle' aro. making renewed efforts to create a demand among  shoppers for; the clerk's card with good  success.  . , The Retail Clerks' "unidii of Fresno  gave a ���. dance and : Entertainment last  Friday evening' at which. 100 XX. couples  participated./';! " .' . i  : The French" chamber of deputies lips  passed a bill forbidding, public and  private employment of more,7 than six  days a week. :.;'."-  ; The fund, available .for work on ��� the  inner harbors' of San,-Dcigo and San  Pedro is: ��135,000. Work will be commenced at. once. ���.  The local butchers of San Diego have  received itheir charter and completed tho  organization of their union, which, em-.,  braces  all  the local shops.  In order to relievo distress omong its  unemployed tbe Melbourne Typographical Society is sending comps out to tiy  their hands at rabbit trapping.  Three thousand Chinese carpenters arc  now on a strike in tho dock yards at  Hong Kong. They demand 65 cents a  day, and are now getting 40 and 50  cents. ' ���;. V;.'  At tho Carpenters' ; national , convention, recently held in Atlanta, Ga., Cal-  It is rumored that James Hamilton  Lewis will scrape tlio smell of clams off  his costly/linen nud, for a tiroo at least,  reside iu Chicago, where pork packers  flourish und women vvith big feet parade the street.    Here's a treat.  One thief broke into the same houso  twice this week.  The Washington State Funeral Directors' Association met in Spokane last*)  week. The feat uro of the occasion vvas  the iHliiillliiiice to membership of threo  women, namely, Mrs. .1. 11. Buchanan,  Mrs. T. Colin Smith, of Spokane, und  Mrs. K. M. Cavill, of Whatcom. The  next meeting will be iu Seattle. It's a  wonder the.v would nol meet in Tucoma  or Vancouver, 11. C. Either placo  would correspond vvilh their business.  Lust week wns a newspaper, one, so to  speak, in this cily. A mini Jumped out  of a hoiei seven stories high; tvvo.niur-  ried women di.suppeuroil; ���'��� a telephone  gill quietly, left the cily, und wus on  her wuy lo Spokane while her folks or  relatives thought she hud met with foul  ptuy; a crowd of .Jups came over from  Port.: Ulukely, looking I'm* n runaway  'Wife, of one of the ���'little brown men;"  two men knocked down by street cars;  and the famous l'uris houso vvas closed  by the sherilV. Truly Scuttle i"s moving  fast. <j  Two union butcher shops are doing  business in Pike street. This street was  tin; homo of unfair shops and the unions aru highly elated over tbo fuct thut  the union shops havo been located there..  Beautiful weather here. ,      . ,  Two policemen were caught, in'the act  of receiving bribes from a resident,/ of  Blackchnpel. .Tliey' will not, help themselves to freo bimiums nnd pennuts for  a while. The chief expelled one of the  oilieers and suspended tho\ollier.  Mrs.   Nellie   Underwood   will   have  her  triui  next month.  The thonti'es are doing good business.'  A  new variety,  tlio      .Standard,      lias  opened on Sixth avenue.     .  NEED MOKK MEN. ���.,-,..-���  A despatch from Montreal is to tne  effect that the C. P.-It. is ta need of  moro men. The need of an extra forco  in tho west' has had the effect.' of depleting tho regular service somewhat,  engineers and firemen have had to be  taken from their regular routes, and in  some cases outside men have had to bo  employed. Tho sudden need, overwhelming almost in. its character, hop. increased tho demand for telegraph operators, and tlio company stato that it  vvill bo prepared to tako on a considerable number of new operators for engineers and firemen, but chiefly it desires  additional telegraph operators while tho  harvesting and marketing of tlio crops  is in progress.  At the last regular meeting of the  Nanaimo Typographical union' It was  decided thut each -'member contribute  his earnings for ono hour each week to  the anthracite miners.  11. McGregor, of tho C..P. It., hus returned from the old country to Hovel-  stoke.  Wnen you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 126.  Iforriio-was-rqfreseirtotrTby-cloven dcl^  ogates, proportionately thc largest delegation from any stato in the union.  Signor Luzzali of Rome suggests a  conference of European statesmen and  economists to consider the subject of  trusts and combines and adopt somo  ^iieiins to moot the  "American danger."  Notice Is given by tlio Sidney: Labor  Council that arrangements have been  completed for tho holding in Sydney on  November 24 a congress of representatives of tho Commonwealth Labor unions. .'  On Jlecoinbor 1st the great puckers'  cohibinc vvill be launched nt Chicago.  Among the firms in thc combination  iiro Swift & Co., Armour & Co., Nelson, Morris & Co., Sclivvnrtz-Sclilld and  Sulzberger anil others.  Fireman n. Trimble, of tlio 0. P. K.,  iins been transferred from Itovclstoko to  Kamloops,  FKOM SAN FHANC1.SCO.  Tho Waist makers'are permanently organized.   .  Tho iron -'moulders? No. .101 now number 450  members^    ' :."'"  Twenty-seven new members and thirty-,  fivo applications wus "the record ut the  last meeting of No. 432,  Clerks' union.  The Examiner has raised the copyholders on that paper from S2.50- lo(  $3.50. a day. Oakland Typogruuhicnl  union,will follow suit.  ; The..United Railways hns agreed-to  conduct all.its work in ..conformity with  tho trude rules of the' Building Trades  Council. .  Maggie Quinn, a member of the Laundry Worker's' union, was seriously injured last; week by having., her. bund  caught" in' a nmiiglomachine. [Jit was  necessary, to amputate the member at  tho wrist..;'' .:"'..'"'.-.-' *  . .,.'. OHISESE IMMIGRATION. '.'...  . Tlio Victoria,- Colonist s*nys that"' the  Laurier government still refuse to ideal  with the question of Chinese: immigration,,along ,thc...]ines of, the Natal act,  and'an'eastern paper of the liberal persuasion speaks of the people of Britisli  Columbia as "hoodlums" for tlieir  unanimous and persistent agitation of  the question'* For this inaction the  Laurier government.shelters itself under  the plea of imperial interests. We havo  already shown, repeatedly, that imperial  interests liave nothing to do with7 the  matter, and that there arc no imperial  interests ' affecting Canada which do  not equally affect Natal and Australia.  Tlie question of Chinese immigration, is  now in evidence in South Africa in an  acute form7 due to the scarcity of native  labor. One powerful champion has arisen in Creat Britain to see to it that  South Africa .is protected- from.7 this  curse, a" champion which has always  been nbfe to speak with tho authority  of Judicious prudence to English speaking peoplo all over the world, we.-, refer  to the London Times. It declares that  tho presence of large numbers of Chin-  =osc=in-t!io=now^coloiiies--could���hardly'  fail to bo of great and permanent injury to tho country even it at present  promoting7 its .prosperity. It goes on  to remark that the most "signal effect  of his presence is to degrade the lowest  class of tho whilo community to his  ovvn level, to lower wages by a very undesirable-forth and degree of competition, to reduce the standard of comfort  and generally, ho tends to'become an  clement working for evil in society into  which ho has been Introduced, and to  wliich ho speedily becomes 'hateful, llo  is never absorbed Into tho'"general-population around lilm, but is always un  alien, worshipping strango gods, following strange customs, nnd believed to  ho addicted to the most degrading vices.  His personal filth exceeds that of the  lowest European populations, and becomes a source of dlsunso In the usually  crowded  quarters which  he inhabits.  Telephone 1���2���5 for n line livery  turn-out. J. J.. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables. V .'' "'  SNSDER'S SHOE STORE  632    GRANVILLE    STREET,       .  Carries a full line o�� /"  UNION LABEL SHOES.  The: Union   Label   guarantees   fair  wages and good workmanship.  No scab labor. ."������..'  PHONE  I220A.  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of vyork In this line promptly attended to. '  % :   GEO. HAY   : |  df^''    Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes     4LS  j -    Renovator, makes a suit new.    '^X  A - i'ii A  X Dyeing and Repairing. X  'aA-       . 210 Cambie St.,'Vancouver. .   . ��� A  The boilermnkcrs of Victoria installed  their newly elected officers last night,  COHNER'. HASTINGS   ANI)    CAMBIE  <'.  STREETS, - VANCOUVER.  New, modern : and-strictly- first-class;  good sample rooms;' frec^f, ^bus.,- -Week  (lays^Broakfast 7 to IIO 'ti. m.,"1 lunch  .12 m. to 2 p. m., dinner, G. to. 8 p. m.'  Sundays���Breakfast 7:30 to . 10:110, a.;  m.",- lunch 12:30 to 2 p. in.,' dinn'cr'*5:3bl  to:.7:30 p. iu. Hates ?2 and upwards  per., day;-HAYWOOD ,,.���&'; rilESCOTT,;  Proprietors.,.   .   -'  COllNEIt   COB.BOVA   AND. CATCHALL  .STREETS, , VANCOUVER.-.;,  Makes; a spccialty^of ��� Dewar_. ��� special  liqueur, also Usher.'s black label liqueur  whiskey. Large stock of imported and  domestic i cigars.   .Finest    billiard     and  pooFtaiiies.Illy IX. i-UX- MULLIGAN;&:  CO., Proprietors.   "yiy::::..i   [;.  '-'.;...'���...������:.������  Tb��. vPougall Mousse  310-312 ABBOTT STREET,   VANCO0-  ���;Y V-VVv ver, B./o.V'. ;.,:.���'��� ������"���  ������ Restaurant and Bar. 'Breakfast 0 to  10, merchants'; lunch. 11 to,.2,; 25c; dinner 5 7to 8, 25c; lunches put uji:; east-  ern=nnili=0!yinpinii=oysters;=short=^or--  dcrs a ^specialty...at". all hours;  mcnl tickets *.l; best 25c. incal iii tho  city.     I). BURTON. Proprietor. ,i  The"  4  310   SEYMOUR   STREET,  VvER.  VANCOU-  Ifavlng the only up-to-date grill room  in British Columbia, which In itself In ii  gunraiitco of a first-class hotel and restaurant, Business Men's LUNCH, from  12 in. to,2:30 p. m., only 25 cents.  HOTEL NORTH VANCOUVER.  A delightful summer resort; strictly  first-class and up-to-8ato In every respect.  Terms, $2 por day, $10 per week; special  rates for families. Saddle ponies, horses  and rigs always on hand for visiting tho  Capilnno, well known for its excellent  fishing and shooting. Boats for hire any  lime.   Band every Sunday afternoon.  P. LARSON. Prop.  Gold at a Discount  ,.,  Is tib> more a Bargain tlian. a:  #65 Cleveland Bicycle at #45.  We have just a limited number of both Ladles' and Gent's  Models-JlSOl make���regular $65.00 wheels, which go while they last  at $45.00.  This is the greatest wheel bargain ln years.   ,  I,'126 Hastings St.  ^ SOLE AGENT <|  ;K*>K*.4-*^K>^(^*^l^:+:>>7l^;K*)��v*M{**H^  M  We ha.ve now in stock a full line of   the best Heating Stoves in the market  and have made a very low   price   on: them to-clear them out in a hurry.  COAL BASE BURNERS. COAL HOT DRAFTS, WOOD  HOT DRAFTS,  PLAIN AIR TIGHTS, CAST TOP~AIR   TIGHTS, ETC., ETC.  McLennan, MteFeely <6�� Co.  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Streot., Vancouver. B.C.  Phone 3063.  KELLV, DOUCiLA^ & CO.  .'���" iW ,, ,--.���'���;��� :...;���.��� I-'���":"-':. ��� ���      ;.;���'"���'  / WH0L3SALE OltOCERfl. V        :      'V  ' s Cordova and "Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. 0.  [^"Headquarters for  Domestic and 8m-  [lorted Cigars and dmoking Sundries.  "M  4  The Question of a Fit.  ���doesn't bother us now like in thc enrly dnys of reiidy-to-wcnr clothing. The. only trouble' thnt customers havo here is to pick a choice  from so mnny good things tliey see. They: like thoin nil. ' .lust'.pick  the stylu of suit you prefer and we'll guarantee a fit. 'As to mnterial  and vvorkmansliii), of: course .our reputation is back of tlieni���wo are  in   particularly  good   shape  now to sec you.    ��� 'i'i', !������..'���'  ;.  '-.   j JOHNSTON,; KERfOOT -^ Cffi. '  ;'to:-  ,10+ end 106 Cordova Street. V  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., 0|j|i. Wm. Ralph's.  % j"-"' i-'r.X^x-y^iXiXX'XA ''-::'-: ��� X-n-i ^  '�� V ���:._������-.       ' .���:----'. ���      .-.. XXyn ���",..-:,"���'-��  '�� 'iiiiiXy?0& SEVERAL . RE4&0N&.7  I IllILDERS'SUPPLIES,  I: COATRACTORS' M  I  iiOGGEiS'-SUPPLIES, >i:  I  BLAMITIIS' SUPPLIES,  Because  we  have  the  stock  to  ;;supply;you the*best. VV.,'7-: ::* V;"-.  Because; our attention will assume' , w  -.-: Tiest service.      ;ly. ���: ij��:  Because ive can.sa've yoit: time J-H  i  and��� moneyi���   " 7..'J,V;*"  .' '���-:. ������".   ','. '"'���'   ���'������-'XX. )X������-.  .Because one order.-is .a.step;:.to-,; <>'���  wards a permanent customer..., ,^t  S  SAW MILL SUPPLIES, ETC.  I-*..,.,..,     ..     . -...    .. ��  fi   y y\ _';.V'V/V;;;V339 Hastings Street.   ;'���;        'V,-;W';v;v:i?  &^-!ite)W������W(^^ ���  :B(Mutifuf,;:Sparkn^  Light, AmberrTihfed Delecta^  :^the;::Beerv*ithp^'^  .'.'   A creamy,: foamy glass of lioalth and goodness���makes you feel good  ":all  over���makes you :every;bit  as good as you fceK    A-JJ; ���X,;yiy,lJ,y;X;.  yS     -.No  false .'-hopes fabout .CASCADK���its;gcnuino and.rall.:satisfying ''iio,.  ��   .thc'last drop7 ih,tlie glassy ; nrewed,by:thoV,-;,':.;':;���7::-;::V..''- V'-AA  AiiiiX':' V'VvVancouveiyv BvV tyy*.  \  ;x\l  BREAKING  1 It's a''simple- matter to begin-  being a now customer of ours���  and  it's  just*as easy to  remain'  ...one) '���.'���,-'' ; ..'.,":' '���   ���'.���'������'���' '''.,.".���.  If  you've ;inudo  up    your mind  to try onr work there     ure theso  . ultornatlves open  to you:  ,,.   Hall  a Pioneer Driver,  or drop  us a. postal,, or call at the latin-:,  dry,  010 Richards street,  or call  , at. tlior Dianoli   hi; tho  Arcade,  or-  telephone' ,'M-tl���tlio  laundry,    or  telephone       1-1-7-0���the    branch.  Simple, isn't it?     ���' y���.  PIONEER^:  Steam Laundry  Phonk 340. 010 - 014 Richards St  Downtown Okkicb, 'So. 4 Arcade.  VMITt '.HELP ONLV.  Parcels called tor and delivered."  ��������� ' lllllllll  Advertise in The Independent,  ftalks Will llreakr;  As well ns your eyes' 'through'  overstrain. llo , advised -in timo  nnd hnve tliem attended to nt  onco by our doctor of optics (Mr.  Thos. Allan); Examination frcvi,  and all glasses guaranteed.      ;  DAVIDSON BROS.,  t The Jewelers and 0|>lloiai)3,  146 Cordova SI. '  .99999,99999l'my~i&4y4P9'^'  I  A flit"  if  i I":  if-  it  ���if-  ���>������  I*  m  w  'r''.'*"i'?'*v.?,'''s"v''>'f1<'^'':";'^ i"^imt''^


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