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The Independent Feb 28, 1903

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 ���iTJ-7  . -' .wj-iy '",,r"y,j. 'X'fti"-^^  ������������ -���-������.!.'. j-/.--:'- ���-:  I  THE   ROYAL  BANK  OF   CANADA  . . SAVINGS    BANK . .  A Geaoral Banking Business  Transacted.  OFFICES���Hastings   Street,   W.,  Wwtminater Avenue, Vancouver.  , ('. PERJHJEAT im A.\D  SAITO CO.  AutliorUeil Cui.ltiil  -  *10,000,OW  Siibsi'iil>L-il Cniiiliil -   ���   l.oOO.OOil  Atseu Over  - ���   -     IWO.OM)  llciiil Oillrc, S21 Cuinble Street,  Vnncouvcr, II. C.  VOL,  ZZ5  VANCOUVER B. C, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28," IH03.  NO &���  n  I,     ,  Our Victona B  By Our Own Correspondent.  COMMENTS ON THE PROFIT  SHARING SYSTEM.  Aii article appears ln the Lalior Gazette of January,' 1903, under the caption, "A practical experiment in profit  sharing at Vancouver, IS. C." In reply  to a request for Information on the  subject by XV. L. Mackenzie Kins, deputy minister of labor, Ottawa, Out., the  general manager of the B. C. Electric  Railway Company, Limited, fuinishes  the Information asked for respecting  the advantages of proflt sharing.  While we agree with ideas advanced  by Mr. Buntzen as to the justice and  merits of such a system, yet we take  exception to the following statements,  ���'which vve know to be aUvarlance,with  facts.   AVe quote from his letter:  "Under the arrangement with our  employees we pay them union wages  for skilled labor, and best local wages  for unskilled labor. If, in addition to  getting best local wages for their work,  our men receive a substantial cash bonus, It can hardly be denied that they  are better off than those who receive  no such bonus. And if they have really done better work than some others  ���with no longer working hours���is that  something to reproach them for? Does  it not add to the self respect of any-  decent man to feel that he Is doing hhg  duty well,, and that he Is paid not only  for the quantity of his work, but also  for its quality."  While many of the skilled mechanics  receive union wages, we find trackmen  acting In the capacity of skilled mechanics who do not receive the union  scale. Th'e jack-of-all-trades is much  ln evidence, particularly In the, carpentering and blacksmlthlng line,' and of  course while their special merits entitles them to a steady job, yet they  - do not reeelVe a rate of wages they  would command as bona ilde mechanics working at their trade.in the labor  market. As a matter of fact tlie. British Columbia Electric Railway "'Company .pays therleast wages to unskilled  labor in Victoria than any other concern, except the Victoria" .Chemical  Company, the B.C. Pottery Company,  and a few minor concerns of little Importance. Conductors and motormen  may, be classified as skilled - laborers,  yet they 'receive ;but. the,' sanie as the'  unskilled ' iaborei1, i but after years of  steady .toll, "and-bytheadditlon of the  substantial" cash "bonus referred to,  their wages amounts to about the same  as the ordinary unskilled laborer. The  stnudard wage in'Victoria for'unskilled  labor Is as follows: ',--/  For all laboreis ' employed by the  city, '23 cents an hour, eight hours being., the working day;.*-,  .  ���;;;,',-.'   ���  ,For laborers, otherwise .employed, 25  cents an "hour, 'eight''and' nine-'hours  being the working day.  For snap jobs, 30 cents and 33 cents  an hour.  B.  C.  Electric , Railway ' Company���  ���;Fir niotoimen, condtictcft's and  track-i  -men, minimum wage,'20 cents an hour,  and ten hours constitute the .working  day.  With the exception of the city and  the B. C. Electric Railway Company  most' employees of labor pay weekly,  or" twice a niontli. Monthly payment  Is the rule tor the, city and railway  company, and while It- .may be advan-  opei-atlve at will without- detracting  from Its face value. The conditions  enumerated by Mr. Bautzen In hi.*, report are certainly no exception io many  such slmlla,- cases of which we have  knowledge. To quote Mr. Buntzen's  words, the arrangement lu short, is as  follows:  "After the ordinary shareholders  have received a four per cent, dividend the balance ot the profits available for dividends yearly vvill be divided as follows: two-thirds to the  shareholders, and one-third to the employees. Every employee who has  worked regularly for the company during the twelve months ending June 30  each year,, will participate in ihe division, and the proportion uf tin? profits will be divided equally among  them."  After such a division what would be  left? Hovv many employees work  regularly for one year? How. many are  permitted lo work regularly for even  six months? Truly tlie 'proposition,  philanthropic and alluring as il, appears, is exceedingly one-sided. Its  face value covers a multitude ol sins,  namely, low vv-uges, loin? hours and  monthly payments. While we are of  opinlon that the laborer Is entitled to  a fair share of what he produces, while  we admire the sentiments that prompted tlle B. C. Electric Railway Company  to adopt the profit sharing system, yet  vve are of opinion thai a prompt and  substantial raise in wages and a reduction in the hours of labor will give  greater satisfaction.  LABORERS  OF  VICTORIA.  of unemployed men who, through en  toiccd Idleness dining the winter, have  availed themselves of Its comfoi ts. '  The oillcers of the union are: A.  Johnson, president; T, Cox, vice-president; G. Juckson, recording secietary:  G. Goldstraw, Ilnancial secretary. The  union ls lepresented ln the Trades and  Labor council by five members, all of  whom nre exceptionally able men. The  union holds meetings on the llrst ana  third Friday In each month, and Is  chartered by the Dominion Trades  Congress of Canada,  . A building trades council is In pio-  cess of formation, and It Is anticipated  that much good will    accrue    to  the  unions that are represented theiein. ,  11  Some of the local concerns are taking advantage of the labor , market.  Work being scarce and laborers numerous, wages are cut and the hours  of labor Increased.  MOSTO REPLIES TO  mm*  tageous to the employer from an economic point ot view, especially when  the pay roil Is a heavy one. yet It  works a great hardship on' the laboring  man, and certainly is not conducive to  the business inteiests ot" the city wheie  such system ls in force.  "The profit sharing idea is, of course,  not a new one. It has been tried many  times before, sometimes successfully,  sometlines otherwise."  Exactly, and In liiosl cases where It  has proven to be a failure we notice  that It has been admlnlsteied In tho  foim ol a sugar-coated pill, and though  easily swallowed in thai shape, the desired results have not always materialized, leastways not to the entire satisfaction of the woikliigmim. It is a  remarkable lact that in most Instances  when the employer of labor Is overcome by generous Impulses in the matter of sharing profits with the employee, we notice that conditions are  imposed on Lhe employee that he Is  unable to fulfil, not through lack of  will or desire, but through lack of opportunity, and while the display of  philanthropic* entitles the donor to unlimited fame and notoriety, yet he certainly runs no risks, for invariably he  .has a string attached to his proposl-  tlon, and can withdraw or render it ln-  VICTORIA TERMINAL RAILWAY  COMPANY.  Some, time ago the Victoria Terminal  Railway Company made application  for an extension of, time to complete  contracts entered into with the city  of Victoria. , The T.-ades and Labor  council of Victoria, taking advantage  of the opportunity oifeied, passed a  resolution requesting the snld company  to Incorporate in its application for extension of time the 'minimum wage  clause for $2, and a working day of nol  more than nine hours. This modest request was flatly refused' b.v the promoters of. the,.coiiipany;, not for the  monetary consideration, as lie asserted, but simply as a matter of "principle." Later on a committee of the  Trades and Labor, council, in conjunction vvith a committee Irom the Shipbuilders' union, interviewed tht gentle^  nian," with Uhe result* that a promise  was made that in making application  for an extension of time a clause would  be inserted guaranteeing the building  of ships to the amount of $200,000 or  thereabouts. We presume this promise  was made purely on "principle,." We  me now at sea as to what,constitutes  principle. It the old Victorian, or. one  other old barge that'has entered the  port of Victoria, is *a reflection of  ['principle," then .we. must say. "From,  all:evil,' good Lord deliver us.". And  now this company, makes demand on  the'- city council for tlie 'city market  place' by the lst March. It will stand  the provincial government In hand to  keep a good look out on the parliament  buildings or the province may lose that  a'so. , , .        "  ***'Rumor~has��� lt"thaf~ this*" coni pai i>*~ls  bringing over men from the United  States to work at Cloverdale. It will  offer a beautiful opportunity to the attorney-general to gain notoriety b.v enforcing the alien labor law lor the  benefit of B. C. working  men.  LABORERS MEET.  The Laborers' Piotectlve union held  Its regular meeting at Labor hall on  Friday, Fob. 20th, and as usual the  attendance vvas very large. This union  is rapidly nearlng the 300 mark and  recruiting goes' steadily on, six new  nieiiibers being Initiated. Since Its  formation, which took place on the  10th of August, 1H02, this union has  done a great deal for the benellt ol Its  many members, and has been the main  factor in bringing to a successful Issue the agitation for an eight-hour  working day for all laborers employed  by the city of Victoria.  The headquarteis of the union is established at Jones' cigar store, 10"i  Douglas street. A spacious > reading  room, with games, periodicals and all  the latest newspapers has been placed  at the disposal ot the union by Mr. T.  Jones, the proprietor, and its comfortable surroundings and general warmth  has-been a god-send to gieat numbers  THE CLERKS,  The Retail Clerks' association, in  making provision for their smoking  concert, which was held on Thursday-  evening, eclipsed anything of the kind  hold by labor bodies during the winter. The growth of the association has  been slow but steady, till now It has  a membership of sixty. Efforts are  being made to induce clerks of the  dry goods houses, who have held aloof,  to join In with the clerks of other mercantile lines. Tliere ls no apparent  leason why. all the clerks in the city-  should not be members of 'the association, which has benevdlent features  as well as protective objects. At the  smoker on Thursday night several  shoit addresses were delivered on the  objects and alms ' of the association,  and those who were fortunate enough  to receive Invitations availed themselves of an Instructive'as well as a  social evening.  ARTISTIC GENIUS AT THE P. O.  The Iloor of the Victoria post-ollice  Is the scene of one of the greatest displays of artistic genius seen In many  years. Evidence of the master's hand  is visible on the Iloor of that Institution, nnd the delicate tracings on the  mop-board go to prove that the artist  w'ieids a powerful b'rush. The coloring  ,is true to nature, and 'would impress  the casual ^observer with the Idea that  the janitorial artist vvas over-generous  with scrub brush and water each day.  But aside from its artistic merit, his  phenomenal manifestation of artistic  genius has a more practical value,  namely*, 'that of .allaying dust. It is  currently reported that the artist'will  next exhibit his talent on the roof,  walls and trappings of the post-office,  after which he will be In llrst-class  shape to paint Point Ellice bridge a  rainbow hue, providing, of course, the  Painters'  union don't get after'hlni.  CHEAP ROCK CUTTING. t,  Speculation as to the sanity of the  contractor who got the job of removing rock from a vacant lot on Government street, opposite the- post office,  Victoi-14, is now set at rest. Seventy-  live cents a yard was the ligure, and  local lock scientists declared the feat  Impossible. A suspicious looking steam  drill, alleged to be the pioperty of the  government, municipal assistance at  7,*. cents per yard, together with a  brace of ���brawny Celestials from Tls-  gard street, are said to be the economic  agencies that will bring the astute contractor out ahead. What a sight for  disappointed-con tiaotors-and-ldli--laborers and what an opportunity lost  tor   lengthy   editorial  comment.  EIGHT-HOUR  DAY   ON   CIVIC  WORK.  The referendum, except accompanied by another (unction known as the  Initiative, Is only a farce.. This view  of the matter is verllled by the action  ot flie city council of Victoria In the  matter of the eight-hour working day.  In spite of the overwhelming majority  of votes cast in tnvor of milking eight  hours the standard day fur all work  done by the city, the board of aldermen b.v it majority of two ovei rule the  will of the people. And now as the law  stands it applies only to day laboi poi-  fonned by the city. Tills gives an  opqiilng for the contract system to enter the municipal arena again, notwithstanding the fact' thai day labor has  been proven to be better and cheaper  than contract labor. If ever such a  move is made it will niateiiallze about  the time the sewer business stints, and  then a merry war will develop. The  preliminary pulling for such a move  Is noticeable on the street corners, and  the aspirants for straw boss honors are  numerous.   However, It ls doubtful If  The Legislative Committee of the  Toronto District Trades and Labor  Councl reported asifollows al the last  meeting -of that body:  "Your committee met and adopted  the following rejiort:  "The letter from the Nelson Tiades  and Labor Council, requesting the  Council to petition the Dominion government to increase the duties on lead,  was considei ed and the following letter  drafted In teplv: '  "Ernest Kllby, Esq., Secretary Nelso/i  Trades and Labor Council, Nelsop.  B. C:  "Dear Sir,���We beg to acknowledge  tlle receipt of your letter asking that  this council request the government at  Ottawa to Increase the duties on lead  and the products thereof.  "You state that you make this request In order to place all sections of  Canada on an equal footing, so that  the people ot one section shall not bear  burdens not imposed on people of another section. Then you request that  the duties be made as high as those imposed by the United States.  "If vou could  Show This Council  that the method you propose would distribute the burdens of society vvith any  degiee of equity, then vve assure you  that we would only be too glad to co-  o'peiate with you with alacrity and enthusiasm. The duty on crude lead  now amounts to 15 per cent. This is the  form of lead that Is always bought by  the manufacturer of leaden articles,  and never by the workmen. But the  lead pipe which must go into the home  that the working man would like to  buy, is taxed 33 per cent, already. Suppose te government were to double the  present rates, vvouid the working  classes be benefitted, or would they be  more burdened? With an immigration  policy that does all tliat It can to flood  the country with the cheapest possible  labor, how can the,increase in the duties possibly assist tlie laborer to secure  any better wages? Did the' duty on  steel rails in the United States enable  the workmen at Homestead to secure  their rights and prevent Carnegie extorting from them his '.Immense fortune?  "Is it not a fuel that not merely on  this continent, but also in the old world,  the laborng classes are  Systematically Despoiled  and deprived of their just rights? Is  It not true that labor at the present  time produces lhe most ample abundance, but that it receives out of that  product only a very small fraction?  Whence eome lhe fortunes of the millionaires? Aie the.v not extorted-fiom  the product of the Industrious classes?  How is it that one man, without doing  tlle first productive act, can command a  fortune of a thousand dollars per day.  while the average income of tlie industrious classes is less than two dollars  per day? Who is it pays all the taxation to-tlny? Is it the man who does  nothing but diaw hi* rents and dividends, oy is It tlle man who sweats ten  hours daily? Is It the man who does  nothing, or the man vvho does everything? Are vve not face to face vvith  the great fact that somewhere there' Is  terrible Injustice, which says to one set  of men.���You eannot-get the-vvork-vvith-  out the wealth, and  to another set of  up goes the rent of thu land, so lhat the  land owner claims more fortune, while  the laboier has to submit to a gicater  lilbule. Let ihis process continue, and  In the couise of generations the land  ow ners  Will Revel In Foi tunes  like lhat of, Croesus, while Industry  will still have to struggle for a chance  to exist. Fieemeii we will not be any  more than we are to-day. The prospect  of this development is the severance  of society Into two distinct classes, one  enjoying all the advantages ci civilization without bearing any of Its burdens,  the other bearing all the burdens and  enjoying only the most niggaidly share  of Its advantages.  "We can assure you that you have  our most hearty sympathies, but vve  would ask you to consider these facts,  and see if there Is not a vastly better  method of curing the Industilnl wrongs  than by placng heavier taxes on eveiything that labor has to buy, and then  Hooding the labor market with the  cheapest kind of immigration to reduce  to the lowest price the only thing lie  has to sell, namely, his labor. Yours  respectfully, ���'Secretary."  buildup mm COUNCIL  The business agent of the Building  Trades council leports business to be  brisk. Propositions from men to Join  the various unions affiliated with the  above body to the amount ol $200 has  been the lecord since the 16th of the  month.  The new laundries and dormitories in  connection with the Hotel Vancouver  was started on Thursduy morning, with  Mr. John Crookall in charge. This is  siitliclent notification to the trade that  Jlr. Crookall is back in the Bricklayers- and Masons' Intet national union,  as is also Mi. Sweet, vvho is in charge  of the Rogeis building on the corner of  Hastings and Homer streets.  The United Brotheihood ot Caipen-  ters and Joiners and the Amalgamated  Society of Carpenters were further  stiengtliened by the addition of IS  new members this week.  The- Building -Laboieis' Federal"  union took In twelve new members at  their meeting on Thursduy night. This  union has now outgrown its present  quarters, an average attendanc of SO  members being on record. They will be  compelled to -move Into the largest hall  at an early date.  A committee   representing   the   cai  penters' unions will meet a committee  of the Builders'  Exchange next week,  when   lt   is   expected   that    the    new  schedule will be agieed to.  We liave learned that the  members of tlie United-Brotherhood of Railway /Employees employed on the C.  P. R. have ceased work until  certain alleged 'grievances  have been satisfactorily adjusted. All parties are requested, therefore, to refuse  to accept employment in the  places of those who have  gone out.  Paper.-* please copy.  RAILWAYffl III CONFERENCE.  [Continued on l'ago Kour.l  men. You can get the wealth without  the work?  "How does the method of luxation  you piopose att'ect this Injustice? Does  It mitigate it, or does lt aggravate It?  Which does it help, the coal mineis or  the coal barons?   Does It help the  Huckster's In New York,  or does lt help lhe Astors?    Is lt a tn\  which falls still more heavily on Industry, or does ll do aiiythng to stop the  evei lasting extoition?  "To answer tills quesiloii we have  but to watch the pincers nf development tlpit Is going on all over Mils  continent. The men who get hold of  the town sites, Iho gieal timber limits,  the valuable mines, aie glowing rapidly richer generation after goiieriilinii,  simply b.v demanding from the people  payment for access to the bounties  furnished by lhe Creator fm- Ills children. Would It not be far wiser to try-  to get the taxes so placed on the values  which come, not through the efforts of  Industry, but by the, growth of population? In this city labor has to pay-  ground rents varying from ten thousand to fifty thousand dollars per "acre  yearly for the occupation of the land,  With every addition to the population  .MACHINISTS "SMOKE UP."  Beaver lodge. No. 1S2, of ihe'lntei-  n.il mini Association of Machinists,  held a most enjoyable smoker Friday-  last. The [towers of chairman Downey  on this occasion weie fierce. In opening lie said that he was a born autocrat and Intended to show them how  to manage atfairs of this kind. He then  appointed It. Fowler and J. Yomig to  act as pollecmen, and the piesldent  decorated them with a star as big as  your hat, each and a club apiece to  round up olfenders and bring them before his "job lots'.''';? who would 'read  them a lectuie*tha.t vvouid remind yoii  of the atrocious Judge Jeffries of. long  ago. They were always let oil* with.a  caution and by paying a. nominal; flue  for the Hist offence.. In several .Instances theie were those who pawned  'their i Ings, studs," vvafi.*he��'.??etc., and  maybe Downy.wouldn't do a thing,-in  cases of this kind but nail, the collateral until the line was paid. After the  ehalrman got through vvith his "welcome" ieiuai-Us, President Lamrick, of  the Trades and Labor council, gave- a  short address. Those who'sang songs  were P. Donaldson, Cl. Smart, J. Chapman, 11. Dagnal, A.'.iV? Thistle,: and J.  Armstrong. Mr. '-Moore played the  guitar and sang. .1. Chapman. Jr., an  iiisiruiiieiilal. solo, F. ]{, Duncan; violin solo. and .Messrs. Smith and  Thompson, duet. Encores were the order ot the evening. Prof. Evaiison presided at the piano lira very .'able, manner. Those who served the refreshments, including an unlimited-.'-supply  of (.'ascitic beer presented to the machinists by the Vancouver Breweries  company, vvere 'Messrs.' R. Heaheiing-  ton, F. Yendle. J. Dodd, 3. McAulay*  and 11. Rogeis. The committee who  made the arrangements for this annual  celebration comprised Messrs. W; Beers;  A. J. Thistle, H. Rogers; President .Geo.;  P. Downey and? Secretary .J^McVety.  All reluctantly dispersed 'at: midnight;  after singing Auld LangVSyheVandjtfe  National Atrthem.V?V-:,;VV.;:'?>'VVV'''7V X:J-:i  On the 20th December the chairmen of the Order of Railway Conductors and Brotherhood of r.ailvvay  Trainmen's general committees for  each of the 36 railway systems west of  the Mississippi and great lakes filed  vvith the proper oflieeis of their iespec-.  tive companies a communication notifying them of their intention to ask for  increased rate of wages within 60 days.  They waited for leplies till the 5th January, when the companies were formally served with the notifications.  The C. P. R. officials here weie accordingly, notified of (1) a 20 iper cent.' increase for all conductors, brakenien  and baggagemen over rates in effect on  January 1. 1902; (2) a rule guaranteeing  double pay for miles and hours made  on.freight trains of more than 30 cars,  and hauled'by moie than one engine;  (3) day yard foreman to receive 31  cents an hour: night foreman 33 cents  an hour; day helpeis, 2S cents an hour;  night helpers. 30 cents an hour.  The tallowing arilved on Thursday,  and have been in session with the C.  P. R. officials at this point: Conductor���J. Ward, Vancouver; J. Heich-  mer, Kamloops; J. A. McKay, Kamloops, and Bradshavv, Nelson; trainmen  ���T. Coughlin, Vancouver; R. Urquhar:,  Revelstoke; W. J. Wells. Kelson; Geo.  Strevens, Kamloops; and D. XV. Ste-"  vens, Kamloops. The foiegoing will  hold eonleioiice with Mr. Maipole today,' Saturday.  The managements ot seveial ot' the  system-; have already conceded the requests of its employees, and the  tralnmen and conductors are sanguine  of a successtul settlement being made  w'tli all'of the companies.  LOCAL  CELEBRATIONS.  The   United   Brotherhood   of   Postal  Employees  vvill  hold  their second annual dinner at Oben's restaurant, Tuesday evening, March .1,   A- good time is '  In  store  for  tho*-e  who  are  fortunate  ttiiough  to get an  invitation.  ;  The B./.C:7.Electric ? Employers'* union?:;'  will give ii.concent and danceVonVthe :'  evening?of March' 11th-in'their'rooms, '.  Sutherland   hall, Westminster   avenue.  A  committee  consisting of R. Brunt, A  eliaS'mnn1=^Cr=TnniiW^  treasurer,  E.., Watkins. George .iMa'rtiii?:" :���:  and J. L..Gardner have matters In hand ?'.  to arrange the programme.V.'The con-   ;  cert will  be more'of a?'comedy-nature  than  sentinieiital,  aiid   the dance will'".  take  pjace I. after the1'programme' has  been'disposed-of.: Every one should at-,  tend?   '���'������       , '7-,7? . XXI  1 Aerie, .No. 6.? of the Fraternal'Order '.  of Eagles, will celebrate its fourth iin-, '  nlvei-sary next Wednesday, March 4th. .':'���  Invitations are out for the.function.?���  which Will Include a.? dance. It goes?"?  vviliiiui saying that therovvili bo u Jolly :  time spent....    -'.."''���  ���5 <;  i.  SPECIAL  .MEETING.  A special meeting of the    Builders'/.  Laborers' union will be? held In Union:;  hall on Tuesday. March 3. at S o'clock.'  *   H.  SELLERS.? Secretary.  : SEMLIN,ELECTED./ -. - K?  Charles A. - Semlln,- ex-premler, of  British? Columbia,? and .opposition can-.?  dldate to the Prior administration, was?"  elected? oh Thursday? over his? oppoiir..;-  ent,.?Dr. Sanson,?at :West,:,,Yale, ..by., a-;.  majority, of about MO.;",.' There:were only;.;..  about? 400 votesVpolled1?byVboth, candl*:,;?;  ldatesl';XX;y'xiiy-XAllXXi'xX;;yiAXiiX]  m  i'l GET ON THE VOTERS' LIST,y ?  im  I  " 1  �����85  Mi^sss TUE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY FEBRUARY 2S, 190J  THE INDEPENDENT  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   I.N*   Till*    INTERESTS OF THE MASSES  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COM  PANY.,  BASEMENT     OF      PlfACK       HLOCK  -HASTINGS STREET,   VAN-  COl'VEIt.  1!.  13.  Sb'USCIUI'TIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week. ,*> eenli; mouth. In eeni^; ihrec  i'i ei'ius;  six  months, Su eems:  nionilis,  tint*  yi a r  Tl.lt>.  .-���NOOUSKD 11V THE  TRADES & LABOR COfNCIL OF VANCOUVER,  TRADES &   I.AHOR COUNCIL OF VICTORIA,  VANCOUVER    m-ILDINU   TRADES  COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be had  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY FEBRUARY 2S, 1S03  RAISE  THE- .MORTGAGE.  At the la-st meeting of the Trades  and Labor Council the auditors' statement vvas presented, showing the Iiuaneial standing of that body to lie in  good condition. Hut It -also showed  ���that tliero was a mortgage against the.  hall of t2,300. Now we hold that to  raise this mortgage is the llrst and one  great duty of organized labor in this  city at the present time, ln a large  number of cilies on the other side labor  owns its headquarters, and   it is  par  otid say, here is Mervvln's liver that he  left on the counter yesterday; and take  Bucknum's feet out of pickle and deliver right off." "All right, sir," replied the boy, "just as quick as 1 saw-  Pete Blai-kmer's legs off."���Peterson  Patriot.  MW LABOR (llMQHJKS i  To get a new subscriber to The Independent is a contribution to lhe  cause of trades unionism and good  irovernmeiit.  Am   1   not  going  to   assist ze  province,    ls   ll   therefore   unfair     that   I  should   ask   for   a   slice   of   your  fair  province.���!-:.  O.  Talbot,  M. P.  As Sinllh-Curtis puts It Ihe nine  teenth vvas a century of invention, and  the twentieth Is one of graft, and we  sunt right in with the llrst year. Yes,  this Is a land made up of principally  cranks and grafters. Any grafter disappointed, or any crank not feeling  well when he wakes up, can start  new party of "pure" politics. There is  plenty of room for them to start a  party any old time, but to be successful a would-be premier should have  not less than J20.000 to blow In on an  election. What vve need most Is a  clear cut disabling bill to disqualify all  the members of the legislature and ex-  members, and enable a new list of candidates to be elected by the "Intelligent" electors in accordance with tlio  new redistribution bill. They couldn't  be worse ilian the old gangs, and we  can afford to take chances on an improvement.  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  Public Ownership  lhe  Weapon.  Public ownership is the weapon to be  ticulurly  noticeable   tba.t   In  nil    such   used  in  a  popular revolt  against  un  placed thai this fact lias a iiinsq salieni  influence over lhe nieiiibers lo make  them take a deep inlei-esi in the affairs  of their unions. Then, if for no oilier  reason then an investment to harmonise labor forces, the funds should be  raised without a murmur ;o clear off the  hall debt. Once this property is secured to labor, it will not be long before it will be in a position 'to make ll  one of the best���if not the best���labor  temples In the west. There are over  2,000 union '1111-11 In this city, and we  mistake the timber very much if they  don't* come forward with their can  wheels or even two or three dollars a  piece and take up some shares. Ths  investment is gilt-edged, and one that  anybody should be glad to put money  into. No doubt in a short time an appeal will be made to the unions for  them to take up shares. Let's clear off  the debt of the hall at once.  bearable conditions.���Toronto News.  Mean Oppression.  The Crow's Nest Coal Company  which secured several hundred millions  of dollars" worth of Canadian coal  lands, is again meanly oppressing its  employees.���Winnipeg Tribune.  HARMONY TIIE WATCHWORD.  An exchange points out that the only  hope of labor is Its solid from. Nobody  can dispute'this. There can be no division if there is lo be any success,  and 'tis passing strange that men get  so near-sighted as to advocate In any  way a division in our ranks, or hold up  10 severe criticism any movement thnt  lias for Its aim the betterment of mankind, however many errors they make.  Wc .could go 011 and on naming shortcomings of every local union and their  leaders, national and international organizations: could oust out of his boots  each one of our worthy head officials  for some of their errors: could give Sir  Wilfrid and Sir Charles excellent advice as to some nf their blunders nnd  point out to thc governor himself the  fact that he's not Infallible: could precipitate more rows In. town than the  city court could handle, but 'twould  ��� profit us nothing and benefit the cause  not one whit.  Harmony    is    the    watchword;    let's  adopt It.  Lacks Horse Sense.  British Columbia, by its mouth, cries  against the Chinese, and by its votes  supports the government that saddles  repulsive legislation upon us. Evidently voters iu this province are short'  on sense and long on ozone.���Ledge.  ' Chinese Must Go.  The Asiatic lias got to go and It had  better be sooner than later. AVere it  sooner some of that big English immigration that other portions of Canada,  far less blest than this iprnvlnce. is getting, vvouid assuredly be diverted this  way.���Rossland AVorld.  Nn Sense in It.  AVhat Is the sense of building up the  tariff wall 10 raise the price of lead  as long as the railways have it within  their power to raise freight rates and  thereby take away from the mine owner all the profit ot production.���Paystreak.  AVouIdn't Trust -Em.  lt is a noticeable fact that the people  who are wasting so much valuable  lime howling that British capital ls  afraid of H. C. are usually the kind  that you wouldn't trust as far as you  could throw them by the hind legs ���  Paystreak.  These are months which should be  made honorable by great work for thc  label.  The only railway under construction"  In the province has not received government aid of any kind. Funny, isn't  it?  Our reporter was In thc butcher shop  the other day and vvas startled by the  boss addressing lhe delivery boy like  this: "Get a move on you, be lively.  Break the bones In Dad Rogers' chops;  put Nlge Fulton's libs In your basket.  JOHN BURTON DEAD.  V.Mr. John Burton, of this city, died at  New Westminster on Tuesday evening  last. The deceased vvas a well-known  locomotive engineer. The funeral look  place on Thuisday, and In addition to  a, number ot floral tributes, a handsome wreath from the Brotherhood of  Locomotive Engineers decorated the  casket. The pallbearers were also members of that union, and consisted of  Messrs. Louis King, Samuel Seott,  _Tho.<=���Clouston,-James_Cllfford,_James  Geddes, and Dan Calder. Short services  were conducted by the Rev. R. G. MacBeth In Kemp and Simpson's undertaking parlors, at 2 o'clock, and the  cortege started for Mount Pleasant  cemetery at 2:30 o'clock. The late Air.  Burton leaves a widow and two brothers In this elty, and wns one of the best  known and popular engineers on the C.  P. R.  v..  9  i'*  9  9  K  9  !���,'  9  ��� ���;  9  \i  9  l;.  9  tf\  ���*j  "A:  i  !"'i  A  The biggest Sale  of Silverware  ever put on in  Van co Liver  is now talcing place  at Troreys.  Tliu Daily Papers  from day lo day.  are   It'll inn  the  story niid  quilting tlit- i-Hat-  S?9     BL��      U lir%i^LFBS^BL. B tt  The  Jeweler  and   Diamond   Merchant      J  COR. GRANVILLE'AND HASTINGS STREETS. X  Official Watch Inapeotor of the C. P. R. 9  't9*9#&00!9j9j9 �������.�������������� 0-��^<����* ��������������������-��  AA'e understand khat there are a  couple of scab unions In* this city who  are about to alllllate with the new-  trades congress. The otlkial circular  of that body Is herewith printed:  Fellow Workers,���At the last convention  of lhe Dominion Trades anil laibor Congress, held In Berlin, Out., from September ISth lo mil, a resolution wiih Introduced and carried by vvhieh practically  only trades and labor organizations having lhelr headquarters In the United  States anil submitting 10 the authority  and control of such organizations, shall  lu future be entitled 10 representation 1,1  lhe Dominion Trades and Labor Congress.  Having succeeded in altering the constitution so as to keep out fully one-  I 111 nl of Canadian trades and labor organ lza tlons, the Internationals wer*;  forced lo alter that part of lhe constitution which reads���"the object shall be to  unite all Ihe labor organizations of the  Dominion,"  etc.  This course was necessaiy In order to  make effective their resolution, keeping  Canadian labor unions out of lhe Dominion Trades and Labor Council.  ' The United States organizations having  secured the Dominion Trades and Labor  Congress for lhelr own use, Canadian labor unions were thus debm-red from representation, notwithstanding tho many-  appeals to reason and fair play by many  of the ablest delegates of Internationa  and national unions and Knights of La-  bor, among whom deserving mention are  Ralph Smith, M. P., P. JI. Draper, D. J.  O'Donohue, C. S. O. Boudreault, AV.  Douglas, Isaac 11. Sanderson, F. N. Boil-  eau. F. *,'". Proderlck, A*. 11. Amiable, J.  S. Fltzpalrlck, A. L. Bureau, Ed. Little,  eie.  Nothing was left, therefore, to the dele-  Kates who remained true to the .lnleresl.-,  of Canadian labor but.to submit to Direction from liiternalioual officials, in* from  a Federation of Canadian labor organizations, co-equal witli lhe American Federation of Labor, the l'l-IUsh Trades and  Labor Congress and the National I,.ioor  Fedcratlons of oilier countries.  Tlie friends of Canadian labor decided  upon the latter course, anil on September  l^th a meeting was held in Gerinaiila Hotel, Berlin, and the National Trades and  Labor Congress of Camilla vvas formed���  a constitution formulated and an Executive appointed.  Tlie purpose of this appeal is to invite  organized labor in Canada to Join vvilh  us In (he great object of advancing the  interests of Canadian labor, by sustaining  the rewards of Industry, and all that ls  therein implied, personal dignity and  worth, freedom and well-being for man,  woman and child.  AVe arc convinced vve will thereby better  conserve and advance the interests of the  workers of Canada by having a Canadian  Federation that shall be directed by labor  men in our niidsl, who understand the  needs of our labor'unions and who will,  therefore, be able to make adjustments  between employer and employee more  quickly, more satisfactorily, and, therefore, more premanently.  A strong Canadian National organization will undoubtedly have greater sympathy and support fiom the public In timo  of trouble than would be lhe ease with  an outside body. The great objection  to International organizations in Canada  that strikes are fomented and 'carried  on by labor officials from lhe Bulled  States to the disadvantage of Canadian  enterprise and Canadian labor would be  removed and the settlement of all disputes rendered more amenable to arbitration and satisfactory adjustment.  B.v adopting one label for nil union  goods made in Canada, the publle will  readily- distinguish our label designating  that products bearing the stamp of tlio  National Trades and Labor Unions of  Canada, Is a guarantee that all sueh.  goods are made in Canada by union labor, under fair conditions.  Having given a synopsis of our alms ami  objects, wc repeat our appeal to Join  with us In a great Federation of Canndlnn  Labor, that while extending tho iin ml of  fraternity and solidarity to our fellow-  workers everywhere, assert our rights  to equality with tlle American Federation  of Labor, the British Trades and Labor  Congress, and all other National Fodera-  tlons.of -Labor,_aiid_we-are-convincod-by-  so doing, wilh the heads ot our Executive  living In Canada responsible to Canadian  labor organisations only, and whose Interests must be solely for Canada and Canadian Industry, wc will best lake our full  share wllh our brother workers In all  lands In securing the-full fruits of^our  labor and our rightful place In the van  of progress.  OMER BRUNET.  President.  ISAAC II. SANDERSON,  Vice-President,  THOS. .1. GRIFFITHS,  - ���:,     ��� ,: Secretary,  ��  9  9  I  ���ee>  !�������  DRY$DALE'��  170   Coraova    St.,   Vancouver.  We reach wherever the' mails  reach.  LETTERS TO TIIE EDITOR.  THE LATE ELECTION.  To lhe Editor of The Ixhei-k.n-dk.vt.  Sir,���ln your paper of February lRh  I notice a letter from Mr. Watson, and  as I happened to be in A'ancouver on  election day, and saw the machine at  work, I must say It vvas one of the  most rotten and degrading combinations 1 have ever heard of to split up  the labor vote.. Mr. AA'atson says he  vvill stump A'iineouver if the labor men  do not do as he wants them lo. Did  he doi do it on the -Ith of February and  what did he find-.' He found. 1671 votes  for the labor candidate? Poor boy!  After all your talk, and all the money  you had at your disposal, you could  cnly carry the oity by-Jl votes. AVas  it on account of Mr. AVatson being on  the rampage lhat this enormous majority was given air. McPherson In  A'ancouver? If so he must be a holy  terror. .Mr. AA'atson says that' 1,300  conservative votes saved the labor candidate from losing his deposit, and that  the labor party had to sell lhelr hide  pendence-to gain the support of the  conservatives in the late election. Was  It not the liberal party In the Theatre  Royal on the eve of the election that  appealed to the conservatives tb stand  by Mr. McPherson to defeat the labor  candidate? Did 1 not hear Mr. Russell In the committee room, after the  election, thank the conservatives vvho  stood by Mr. Macpherson? Now, Mr.  AVatson, did I not hear the liberals admit that they could not carry A'ancouver city again, unless they split up  the labor panty? Are you the man to  do this work? Is that what they keep  you for? Now, -Sir. Editor, I am taking up too much space, but may I ask  vvho Is this man AVatson that wants to  dictate to the labor party of A'ancouver and what position does he occupy?  And I might sny that If there are any  more like him in the labor party I hope  Ihey vvill go over to the liberals, where  tliey will have lots of friends.  JOHN   T.   KE'LLY.  Ruby Creek, Feb. 21��� 190:1.  From our experience ot dealing with the public we know what it njeans  to a mother to get her boys clothed well and decently without too much expense. For years past a great deal of shoddy goods have been offered at low  prices, but ll fell short of filling the bill. THE LION BRAND SOLA'ES  THE PROBLEM AA'hen you buy this make you get the best goodB on the  market tor hard, solid wear. The knickers are made with double knees nnd  double seats, taped seams, double sewn with linen (thread, and will outwear  three pairs of ordinary goods; then look at the make and cut and you will  (hid  :hnt they cannot  be approached.   Once a customer always a customer.  Wl are sole agents for this famous bi and. Mall orders receive careful  attention.  CLUBB   �����   STEWAKT,  Tklki-hunk 7(12 309 to 315 Hastings St. W.  11 ����������������������������� ������������������������������<������������ ��������������<���>��  ol hurrying about buying Lifo Insurance ao many men think and say. At  leant two  strong  reasons  are: Go od   health is uncertain;   increased cost   Is .  certnin.   What's thc use ot waiting might better ba saldl  UNION MUTUAL   POLICIES  may be depended upon to protect throughout thc varying experiences    ol  human life, to faithfully guard the interests    of the    insured, and to be  promptly cashed when they become payable.    Values ana privileges abound  and_   are   conveniently   available.  Detailed facte gladly furnished.  After three years the Union Mutual Policies do not become void by failure  to pay premiums, the Main Non-Forfeiture Law without action of the  Policy-holder, continuing the Insurance for a Specified length of time.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incokpokated 1848.  Call or write (or particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancoiwer, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  COLIN   CAMERON,  Special  Agent.  CORNER HASTINGS AN!) CAMBIE  STREETS. VANCOUVER.  New, modern nnd strictly lirst-class;  good sample rooms; freo 'bus. AVcel-/  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. m., lunch'  V2 m: to 2 p. ni., dinner, 6 to, 8 p. ni.  Sundays���Breakfast 7:80 to 10:30 a.  m., lunch 12:30 to 2 p. in., dinner, 5:301  to 7:30 p. m. Rates ?2 and upwards  per day. HAYWOOD & TRESCOTT,,  Proprietor-!.''  Meeting,  F. O. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE, No. *, '  meets Wednesday'evenings; visiting;  brethren  welcome.    Bert Parsons, W.  P.: J. G. Ure, W. S., Arcade.  ibe Do��K?all Blouse  310-312 A13HOTT STREET, (VANCOUVER, B. ,C.  Restaurant and Bar. Breakfast 6 to  10, merchants' lynch 11 to 2, 25c; dinner 5 to 8, 25c; lunches put up: eastern and Olympian oysters; Bhort orders a specialty at all hours;  meal tickets fi; best 2Gc. meal in the  city.      P. BURTON. Proprietor.  The"  . VANCOU-  319   SEYMOUR   STREET,  VER.  Having the only up-to-date grill room  ln British Columbia, which in itself Is a  guarantee of a first-class hotel and' restaurant.- Business Men's LUNCH, from  12 m. to 2:30 p.m., only. 25 cents.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injurv  Health when you usr  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  FUNERAL OP A. It. LOVE.  The funeral of the lute Archie R.  Lovo, who was killed In the Le Roi  mine, was well attended last Friday.  Rev. C. W. Medley olllelaled, and the  pall-bearers were \V.; D. . Stlnsoii, B.  Dulte, K. Matthews, R. Morrison, ��� A.  .MelfC-od, and Charles Williams, numbering among' them some of the most  prominent members of the union.  Hubbard, the publisher of the Philistine, East Aurora county, New, York,  will lecture in Vancouver on April 21st  next.. ? 7?'V;?.:-V-'-;1 .,;���   ' ���  Jlr. "Woodman, of the Nanalmo Miners' union, was a visitor to The Independent on AArednesday.  NOT  UNIONISM.  T.i tlie >ldltor ol Tub iNnKt'KxmcNT:  Sir,���Can you inform me Iiow It Is  that our so-called socialist friends always pick out the-most prominent nnd  Influential workers in the unions and  attack them so viciously, impugning  all sorts of motives to them and their  jvurlc? -'rhei-e-are_une_oi-_two-such-so^  clallsts who are nt work now In our  midst poisoning the minds of many un  thinking but honest union men. This  Is not in the best interests of good  unionism, but it may be in the best interests of socialism. UNIONIST.-  A'ancouver. Feb. 2.1, 1903.  CORNER CORDOVA AND CARRALL  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  Makes a specialty of Dewar's special  liqueur, nlso Usher's black label liqueur'  whiskey.. Large stock of imported and  domestic cigars. Finest billiard and  pool tables. R.     B.    MULLIGAN &  CO.,  Proprietors.  GEO. HAY  A  Dyeing-and Repairing. X  'lit- i'ambik St., Vanuii'vkk. ^  S'liiii'iiiiver-'*    I'ltiiH-  KctuiTMior.  nifiki'i.  i  r    i:|,itlie.  ���nil new'.  i  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  DELICIOUS WINE  ~MiDE EXCLDUVELY FBOM B. C. FICIT.  FRKSH CUT FLOWERS.  UNION-MADK '  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip around the  Park call on  ['.;D.-��looc��BrS^nhoF^u,  ,1  FIREMEN'S  HALL.  To llie Kdltiir of Tin: Iniiki-KNIiKXt:   ,  Sir.���The llrenien desire' to express  their warmest thanks to their friends  for the 'liberal patronage ? accorded  thoni on the occasion of -holding-their  llfth annual ball. We desire to thank  lhe business men of tlie city not only  for their llnanclul aid. but also for  n.'iny oilier courtesies received In assisting .us In mnking .preparation foi;  the >*venl. We are also .much .Indebted to Mr. XV. It. Rlekscm. the well  known window dresser of the establishment of Stevenson's dry goods  store, Hiisf'tigs street, who ho ably superintended 'lie decoration of the ball  room. Air. Wm. Fludley, as master  of ceremonies, agisted by Mr. Martin,  gnve excellent snil��lactlo'n. The music furnished by ILn-pur's orchestra  was all that could bt -leslied. Barnwell Brothers, of CI2 Ou.-iville stieet,  served supper In their usuh.- good style,  but wero handicapped In no* being  prepared to handle so many quests.  Thanking you all, ladles and' g^rtlc-  men, I have the honor to be yours respectfully, JAS. DAVIDSON,  Secretary Firemen's Benefit Assn.  Vancouver, Feb. 21, 1903.        '   '  VVV--:PAf.C.lMl:C7  WW  Pac.jie^o-st.BfVaq  Importers and Bottlers  GOKE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  PACIFIC  \:    LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOVVESf RATES.  BEST SERVICE  Transcontinental Passenger Train  leaves dally at 14 o'clock.  Seattle and Whatcom Express leaves  dally  at  8:50  o'clock.  STEAMSHIPS  TO   JAPAN   AND   CHINA.  EMPRESS OF CniNA      _.  ... DEC    1  EMPRESS OF INDIA ...DEC.  29  TARTAR  ...   _.. _   _.   ...JAN.   13  TO HONOLULU,   FIJI ISLANDS  AND  AUSTRALIA.  S.S.     AORANOI DEC   12  S.S.  MOANA J. JAN     9  MIO WERE .. FEB.   6  And every four weeka thereafter.  For full particulars aj�� to time, ratea^  etc., apply to  a J. COTLH, JAa'SOLATHB,  A. S. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B, C.    128 Hastings St  Vanoouver, B.C  ���    fl SATURDAY.......FEBRUARY 2S, 1S03  Till*. iM>i:i'KNM-;.V!  ml\  ii:  ��� To Hie fcV.itoi- oi Tim IXDEIKXnsxr:  Sir,���Owing    K>    the   labor    trouble  which   culminated   in   the   strike by  which nil the employees of the Crow's  Nest Pass Coal Co. laid  down    their  tools on Wednesday morning at 7 a. in.,  .February 11th, we send you the following for   publication.   Tlie   grievances  have been accumulating since the settlement of the last strike at  Fernle.  .     After the,great and awful explosion In  whlcli over 1110 men nnd boy.s met lhelr  death, a new management began to operate the mines for the C. N. P. 0. Co.,  and  his policy seems  to the western  people to be totally at variance to the  'best interests ofthe people of the C.  ;N. P. and the smelters to the' west Of  ihe pnss.    For since lils llrst coining,  the camps, which before were In a state  . of, prosperity, and cheerfulness,    have  iBince that time been in a state of dls-  .cpntent-and unrest, owing to his autocratic attitude and the acts of petty  tyranny he has allowed and would not  .redress.   It has been conceded that no  .more dangerous mines are in operation  than the properties of the C. X. P. C.  Co., and the late disaster clearly proves  this to be the case.   Xow the first aggression was to lengthen the,.hours of  labor for all underground laborers half  .   .an hour, making them works 1-2 hours,  ;;despite the fact that It- is. the-custom  all   through   B. C. for coal miners   to  '������ .work eight hours from bank to bank.  The men, not liking to forsake the old  .custom,- and give up the; short? hours  that they had to struggle for and worked so hard to'hnve incorporated In 'their  laws, enino out on strike, which ter-  ��� minated at the end of six weeks by. an  agreement signed  by  J.   H.  ' Tonkin,  manager of the C.  N.'JP. C.  Co. and  The Executive Board    of the    Miners'  Union,  Fernle.    The  substance of the  , .agreement was .to try the new'system  for two months, and If at the end of  that time the  men showed  by ballot  that they wished to return to the old  system, he would be perfectly Milling  for them to do so, providing that notice of the same, In writing, was given  to him as repiesentatlve   of the company.   The result of the ballot was 129  iu favor of S hours and 33 In favor of  S 1-2 hours.   The parties who watched  the ballot were two of the miners' committee and the general   manager and  mine superintendent.    AA'e must    say  here, that only miners were allowed to  ;   vote, all underground shiftmen, drivers,  "  trackmen, tlmbermen and helpers were  not allowed to vote.   These would cer-  ���   thinly, have voted against their hours  being lengthened.   Xow in direct contradiction to the    agreement   already  o .signed, Mr.  Tonkin; claimed    that all  men who did not vote were to be counted on his side,.a most absurd and unfair argument.   Rather than have further trouble, the men allowed him to  .  violate his agieement,    and    resumed  work under protest.   Again, while the  men wore working this two niontlis ns  .agreed upon, llr. Tonkin .*���, brought for-  ���ward a wage scale which made a'reduction of from 13 to 20 .per cent, under  which the men have also been working  * under protest. Another grievance is the  limber question.   The law says that the  timber shall be taken to the working  place or as near ns practicable, so that  the miner can keep his place In a safe  condition.   Now in most of the mines  the men have to carry  the timber or  ,go to'the landing and hqlp tosbrlng lt  in, the landing often being a considerable distance' away, causing the.men  ���either.* to work in their place In an unsafe condition or to go .'home,-., and if  they quit work 'they were liable to be  discharged..? Indeed several men have  been discharged for   going   home because there was no timber, and all efforts to reinstate them were In vain.  It'is a murderous policy which places a  -man's life inneedies.Tdnng'er'to'snve'the  wage of, a timberman.    At Morrlssey  the condition of affairs is even worse  than,at Fernle.  They have been mining  there, under protest, for the last three  or four months.   They are paid AO cents  a ton, which is a smaller price than is  pnld  in nny    other    part of Canada.  More than this they   have    to shovel  their coal from two to four times'to  get li Into the car, all for the miinifli-  cent sum of AO cents.   Then, they "invito move a gig wheel, or as It Is termed;  a McGlnty.   Not until the car Is 38 feet  from the working face can they move  the  McGlnty,, and  then   It   lakes  two  men a whole day to-move It, for which  they receive the magnificent   sum of  nothing.   Speaking of the McGlnty reminds us that when a man wns killed  at his post of duty by one of these machines, at Morrlssey, nnd   brought to  Fernle for burial, by his brother unionists, Mr. Tonkin threatened to have the  leaders arrested for stopping the mines.  Think of it, we nre not to be allowed  to Interfere with the profit earning long  enough to bury the dead that are killed  by that same industry. ,... A t 'Morrlssey  they  have-to   frame  all   timbers   for  nothing, and often  they have to  pull  them up*three or four hundred feet to  get them to the working face.   Again  they are often so heavy that they have  to ask their comrades lu the next place  to come, and  help  them to pitt  them  up, as they are too heavy for two men  to'lift  themselves,  and  for this they  got-Jl per?set.   Then again at Morrissey, they are cursed with the company  store system,; and no other store has  been allowed there.   Any one who has  worked under these conditions knows  .that when   the store   bill Is deducted  from the due bill that there ls not much  of a surplus left for the miner.   They  have; also the company store system at  Michel.    The C.  X. P.  C. Co. own all  the place with the exception of the C.  P. R. track, which runs right through  the  valley.    At Michel   they are paid  55 cents  per ton  for digging coal.    It  has often to be thrown :ii long distance  or hauled to the car on pieces of: canvas;  There is nlso the system of butty-  Ing, or/to explain it more fully, a system which allows one man to take an  Indefinite number of places,? and,'ein-  government colliery; but that is a 'circumstance over which few would ��� have  conscientious scruples. The coal company stole the coal lands from the people in the -start out. and they have ad-  mlnitered them in a vicious and''unwise manner ever since. The sooner  they are taken nwny from them the  better for the country.���Sandon Paystreak.   '  ploy helpers or back hands, and. take a  rake off from each of these men's earnings. They are paid from 50 to 75 cents  per set,of .timber,1 and have.to fetch  the timber themselves.' All narrow-  places have to be driven without any  yardage paid, for?them.  It has been stated by the manager to  the press thnt he Is ignorant    of the  cause of a strike.   Well that may be  true, forhe has persistently refused to  meet the District, Board who wore In  session. 'They tried, both by letter and  viva voce,".their messenger was received with- abuse and curses, and? the;letter was returned.   It has been an ut-  terimposslbility for, the District Board  to * present   anything   to   a   man who  would/not receive them.   So it seeriis  like \vllful ignorance on his part, and  that ho wished to remain in Ignorance.  There is, an end even to miners' patience, and all that we can say Is, that  whenever Mr. Tonkin or any authorized agent of the C. N. P. C. Co. wish  to enter into communication with thel  employees they can do so by Informing  the  District  Bonrd.    For if  the  Coal  Co. pay; Mr? Tonkin to look after their  Interest, so do we on our part pay a  man to look after our business, and a  District-Board through which nil business must be done.   Any man with any  business, ability will recognize the fact  that It would be for the good of all  concerned   to   meet   this. Board   on a  business basis, rather than to have acted the autocrat, and plunged the whole  country-along with  the employees of  the Coal Co. into the, horrors of a strike.  PRESS   COMMITTEE. t  Fernle. B. C, Feb. 16, 11)03.  �� ALL UNION MINERS f  SHOULD WEAR THE f  ft  ft  ft  ft  9  9 ���  "9 ' "  ��� 9   ������������������        . .     w  ��� Special "Miners" Over- ���  ��� alls, Jumpers and      9  0'"'.i       Smocks. ���  ��� .;��� ���.���'���'��� . ,      ���  9 made of I'ullwolghi 'deiilm,..'<ioublo 9  9 stitehedand riveted, high .wnlst- g  ��� 'ed,''roomy seated, Iron wear. ���  8 .'                                             *  0  O      Made by ��� ..  e  '���ft'.X   ��� ���'. . '   &  :*'X; ,    ',���THK-'-t-- -     o  '"���"'��� ��  O  -/;?,;:;,?      (LIMITED.)?-- - X'X"-  The oldest .'Union VbveVali-? Fac-  ���'��������� .'VV.V.tqry, ln?the.?;West.';V.';���;���yjl;  y .'lAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPEG, MA.N.'V.  9  ift9ft9ft9ftmft9ft9ft4   The_Crow's-Nest-eonl strike-promises  to be the biggest industrial war In,the  history of British Columbia.; Not less  than ten thousand men, all told, will be  thrown out of work until it Is settled,  and the whole country, will be practically closed down. . This Is too much  power to leave iin the hands of one  mine malinger or one union. It is no  fault of the Boundary or ; Rossland  miners'*-Hint the.Crow's Nest Coal company is trying to cut wages, and ihey  should not be made to suffer, lt i.s up  to... the government; to do something,  and. the circumstances demand* thnt It  shall be done without delay. The most  practical thins po.-Hlble i.nder the clr-  custunees Is for the dominion government- to Invest a million or two In opening up the reserved eo.il lands nt  .Morrlssey, put In coke ovens and supply the smelters at cost, paying the  men the standard"'wages of the Kootenay. It would. take some little time  to open the properties up, but by so doing the' labor dillieulty in the Crow  would be settled 'for'all time'to come  and a. standard "of wages established  throughout'.the entire province of British Columbia; Incidentally,, it would  amount to confiscation of the coal  company's property, as the corporation  KEEP AWAY FROM DAWSON.  Dawson. Y. T., Feb. !>, 11)03.  To nil whom It7may concern:  The Dawson Trades uud Labor I'o-.m-  cll last season sent out a not Ideation  warning laboring men fioin giving credence to transportation agents., who  wore then offering inducements to laborers to come tn work on the construction of the Klondike..Mines' Railway. The; Council had no idea that  such Inducements,were being held out  until some of the men led astray by  these misrepresentations arrived in the  territory. The Council then immediately sent out a circular letter to all  labor organizations on the Pacific  const, warning them In the matter.  The advertisements for men to'work  on this  railway  was a  matter    thnt  could not possibly have been finese.-n  by this'Council.    There were,   at the  time in the city and not engaged live  times the number of men,the railroad  could have found.work for in Its construction. , The -unscrupulous transportation   agents  largely    added    to  the  hundreds of the unemployed who have  had to bear.as best they can the rigors  of a n Arctic w in ter.  .Our, circular letter,, late as It was, no  doubt  was  the means  of  stopping  a  great  number from .coming  In..   This  Council   had  received  no  information  from  any  of; the  coast  councils and  therefore*was.not responsible.for;their  doings.   AA'e would say now that the  Klondike Mines Railway* (slxtconmiles  in  length)   did   no;'construction, work  whatever last:fall, and.that these nien  induced to come here by'promises are  still here and are largely a part of our  floating population.  ,  AVe hear now thnt,a second attempt  Is to be made to bring In a number  of men early this spring to work upon  this railway. These promises are probably not being made by the transportation-Companies directly,? but by their  unscrupulous agents who- make their  profits on the travelling expenses of  the public. -\Also, there are doubtless  other employers of labor here who hope  by overstocking the market to bring  down the rates now paid labor. In this  connection the Council desires to state  as widely as possible, that there is  more labor in the country at present  than there Is a demand for.  As to the rates now paid, it is our  duty to point out that while they s,eem  high to the working man on- the coast  they are no better, perhaps not quite  ns good, ns the current wages of his  own town. .He has to reckon the time  lost, the. cost of living, (beef flftycents  per lb.), the cost of wood for mere  warmth eight months of the' yeaiy the  cost of special clothing, and other? absolute necessities.  To meet the blandishments of the  transportation agents thls'Council now  declares' that there are more- laboring  men here than there will be work for  during the coming season, and that the  Klondike Mines Railway,7 or any other  large corporation, would have : no difficulty in finding all the men- they  could possibly employ right in our  midst within forty-eight hours, and at  merely living wages.  By giving this official statement 'as  wide'.a circulation as possible, you will  oblige,  on behalf of the  Trades and  Labor Council of Dawson, Y. T.  3. A. CARMICHAEL,  Secretary.  tVEVVS OFTIIE LABOR WOULD  arrang.  The   tailors of Toronto are  lng a new bill of prices.  The Rochester, N. A"., Typographical  union celebrates Its twentieth' anniversary this week.  Unionists   In   Columbus,   Ohio, Will  have a ticket In the Held nt the com  ing oily election.  The printers of Toronto have decided  to have a business agent. The chapel  days are passing.  In ten years the Boilermakers and  Iron Shipbuilders have grown from 450  to 23,000 members. ���  Clothing cutlers nt .Baltimore, Md���  will receive nn Increase of 25 cents a  day, beginning April 1st.  Building trades at Birmingham. Ala.,  will form an alliance nnd net as one  body for mutual protection.  Providence (R, I.) libor unions are  projecting a new labor temple to be  erected and owned by union men.  ., The linemen of Salt Lake won their  strike, which was for .shorter hours and  increased pay. They iiie'.now'. receiving  t" tor eight hours.  Chelsea (Mass.) aldermen have unanimously voted to give organized labor  the preference in all matters; of construction  of public works.  Clicyenne (AA'yb.) local Carpenters  union has gone into the building business and employed 'ill ofUie striking  carpenters at he unii-i scale.  . Thirty-six ipaeking?house unions in  the Chicago stockyards Will build a labor temple.- They, are paying $5,000 per  year under the present system.  The bollermakeis an I .nnchinists of  Herington, .K���nsas, w!id stiuck for 31  eeifts an hour, were afCe.-i-u Z'i cents as  a compromise and it iv ,:i accepted.  A new scale of wages to be presented  by the hoisting and pile-driving engineers of Omaha. Ni1)., has been approved b.v the Central Labor union.  All bioom makers are urged to stay  away from Clrcleville, O., and the fac-  ��� tory.-,of trie Western, Broom Co., St.  Louis, iio.. as these shops aie unfair.  1 The Cooks' ?and Walters'.'union of  Lincoln, Xeb., have adopted a new  scale and are meeting with trouble In  getting it accepted. A strike may result.  unions in their proper ^department  councils. The report provides for  twelve departmental councils, as follows: Allied Printing Trades, liuildiiig  Trades, Water Front, Iron .Trades,. Allied Provision Trades. City Transportation, AVood, Glass and Paper AA'ork-  ers. Amusement, Lenthertnnkers,'Retail  Trades/Federated Gas, Electric Power  und Street Railway.  AV. 13. Mnhen. pii-sldent of the Amalgamated Association of Street Railway  Employees of America, .in here in the  Interests of the local.organization.. He  Intends to Investigate thv grievance of  the men In the employ of* the United  Railroads, and also look into he internal differences in the organization.  CIVIC EMPLOYEES WANT HIGHER  AVAGES.  Ben AAr. Bakes, secretary of the Civic  Employees Union, wroietlieeity council last Monday night submitting the  following wage schedule:  .Water works department: Laborers,  25 cents an hour. Time and a halt from  5 p. m. to 12 p. m. Double time from  12 p. tn. to" a. m. and on Sundays and  legul holidays.  Board of Works���Foreman. $2.50 a,  day, equal to $13 a week. Laborers, 23  cents an hour. Time mid a half from  5. p. in. to 12 p. in. 'Double time from  12 p.m. to 7 a. in. and on Sundays and  legal holidays.  It was pointed out that the city foreman at Victoria received $2.30 for eight  hours, and die m.-n J2 for the same  time. The C, P.' R. even allowed its  Chinese and Japanese laborers the extra rate for1 woric. done'in over time.  Xo change was asked for in the number of hours worked a week.-'' Preference was risked to be given to citizens  and union men: lhat 75 per cent, of the  meinbeis of the Un'on were ritepayers  iii.-.the.city.  Thi.s matter was referred to commit  tee.  Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AND  Labor Council meets first and third  Thursday in each month, at 7.30 p.m.  President, AV, J. Lamrick; vice-president,  Geo. Bobbin; secretary, F. J, Russell;'financial secretary, J. L. Lilley: treasurer,  A- N* Harrington; sorgeant-at-urms.J. C.  Kerr; statistician, J. II. Perkins; trustees, Messrs. Pound, Cross and Thompson; executive committee, Messrs. Ceorfi*  and Oothard.  TEAM DRIVERS' INTERNATIONAL.  UNION, No. IW-Meuts 1st and Sti  Wednesday iu each month in Union Hull.  President, J. C\ Kerr; vice-president, 0.  Cnwkcr; sec.-lreiis., D. Mclver; rec. aeC.,  13. Bridgo; correupondent, F. Tophaifl*  wurd��n, A. 10. Soaper; conductor, J. Little; , trustees. C: B. Hlgglnson,, R. Haywood and A. Robinson; delegates to T. A  1.. Counoil, J. J. Harrison, A. E, Soaper.  Geo. Dunlop, J.��� C. Kerr and C.'B. Hljr-  glnson.  SHIRT AVAIST AiND ' LAUN'DRt'  AVORKHRS' UNION. No. 105-MccW  every Snd and -ith Thursduy. In each  monlh in Union Hall. President, R. it-  Hogg; corresponding secretary, AVnllac*  Sharp. 1119, Richards St.; financial secre:  tary, .Mr. Lee; treasurer, F. young;' delegates to Trades and Labor Council,'  Messrs.'Hargie, Coltart, Leo and Hogg. '  WAITERS AND WAITRESSES' UNIOK  Local No. 28," President, Charles Ovor;  vice-president,' ; A." N. llerrington;. secrt-  tary-treasmer, ,J. H. Perkins: recording  secretnry, Miss A. Scuitto; Press agent,  W. Ellender. licet ing every second Friday e\ening nt l-.HO o'clock in Union  Hall, corner Homer and-Dunsmulr streets  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACK-  . SMITHS,' Vancouver Union, - No. 151.���  .Meets the first and third Monday in eaclJ  month .-it-S p. m.; in Union hall,' Homer  street. President, A. A. Bigg, vlc&.pres-  ident, G. AY> Smart; financial secretary,  Chas.; McAllister; recording secretary, D.  Robinson, box 07, A'ancouver, B. C; delegates to tho Trades and Labor, council,  AVilllam Latham, D. Robinson, Hi Howard-.  ?���.... The cigars .of .the tobacco; triist are  made.'.by,,.machines .with,? girl tenders,  who receive.,$i,a week..,. Each machine  batch; equals; the?, .woi-k'7 of; si^ : cigar-  mafcers.;V?^V-* iJfiX-X'JiiAy-'-X'A'ii.-Ai'  VEmploying".:barbers?* pf*-DetroitVare  violating::s?the'- law? : iii; k'ejping-Vtheir  places-? open; o)l"-Sunday. :7*,The?;;-?unloii  journeymen ���ivIlL seek-to have the?law  enforced.;-^- JIX;:;-:- ���y-y'AiAiXXzli-iXy  -.School Janitors,at.Toledo,; Ohio!'',have1  petitioned: the::boardVpf ,;educatI6n?ifor  an-Increase of 25 cents ?'a day.: ??They  now? receive, $1.50 ; a' day..' forVfourteeii'  hours'Vwork. -:-* V-'7'?- ���  LABOR CANDIDATES.  At a meeting of the Winnipeg Labor  Representative-League���Frldny-^cveii^  ing, a committee of three was appointed for the purpose of .selecting names  for nomination at a mass'meeting to be  held next month, and on motion of C.  C. Steuart ahd AVm. Holden it was resolved: "That we stand, prepared to  contest at least two of the AVinnipeg  Beats at the next provincial elections."  A delegation consisting of; .Wllllnm  Scott and Alexander Cameron wns appointed . to act in conjunction with a  delegation from the Trades and Labor  council to visit the provincial pi-emlcr  with the object of urging the strict enforcement ot the factory, act.  The presidents and vice-presidents of  the various districts were appointed as  a.committee on, registration. 'Committees; will .'visit'.the' various unions and  ask each to conllnn Itsappolntment of  represeiUatlves to the league or to appoint now ones.  John AVallaoe nnd'William Scott were  elected vice-presidents for the centre  division of AVinnipeg.  It was decided to hold a mass meeting at a nearly date, when A. AV. Puttee, M. P., will be asked to. give an address.  An agreement has been reached between; the master; bakers an'd* th'e'Journeymen Bakers' union at Kansas City,  Mo., that sixty hours will constitute a  week's work.  " It is reported that a syndicate has  discovered 'deposits of tin sixteen miles  from Cape Town, South Africa. A  sample of seventeen pounds of alluvial  earth was washed and produced six  pounds of. pure tlm  The elty council of Siocan,' B. C,  recently- parsed the* following resolution: "That whereas, It is tprovidedby  law that fair wages shall be paid by  the;elty: under contract, and whereas,  the union label is a badge of honest  workmanship and fair wages, therefore,  be it resolved that this council do endorse the principle of the fair wage,  and do hereby order that the union, lab-  el shall be affixed to all_prlntlng,_sta-  ?-V;;?;;;;'> FRbM?SEATTLE.:?v:.   ;:'':  '���-?A Committee is .working oh'the. matter of forming a building?trades section  of the ��� Western",iCentral Labor, Unlori. ?  ii. There: are only about 'Half?the btiilei--  iiiakers..at.;worlc.,-?;-;V"?:-;?V.-.  VElectrical?workers lire?all busy.   The  strike? of, linemen is still on. ' The iin ion  has; gained several men. away from f he  company...??;?!v??V?;*'"?,��� '-*?.,-?V'?:VV';-?'.��� ~��''il  v Theniachihists have/called out,about  45 'from' the: Moranis; shops.������';;��� Thls'.'flr'nf  refused ��� to'grant Vthe? nine-hour? day. ?  ;��� .The? sheet','?riie'tal���"workei-s? are;'fairly.  weli:empibyedi---V,?.?'V*V??';'?.?"-?:. .-:?:?:---.V.;v'V'  ?'-,The??arbitratiori ; bill as. approved >*by  : the ?VStateV Federation V, of ?: Labpr has  passed';the,;seiiat'e; and' ah 'appropriation of $3,000? was? made,?.to *carry;;'6ut  the provisions ofVthV act. ;,There Is lit���*  tle;?,doubt?;?that;.t*ie:;billV-��-ili;:beVpassed  .by the house,-as it?has: the Indorsement  of.:both::labor? representatives,,and?em-  :plo"yers.?;.-.".-"'?":i";V'?*?;:-,'VVV'f..:?'.V?;!';-V?V'--V'i  ...riThe? Longshoremen's? uiiion:?.haB recently -'been .successful .in ' the ?- settle*:'  ment:'bf its?difficultjesywiflrthe/Paeifle  Coast company and all'union men,?afe  now:working..s;*.;?V- Xif -iy'i'i 'X'XXl  :.?Portland, Or., has received,  the Indorsement of /the AVestern .Central Labor; union, * as the meeting place for .the  executive (council   : pf - the ,' American  Federation of Labor ou its?trip?to the  Paciflc'eoast this summer.; : '���'?���'���  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. US. XV.  F. M.. meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  m.in Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Eraser; vice-president, J.  AV. AUbtin; secretary, Altrcd Raper;  treasurer. A. G. Delghton: conductor,  AA'm. A. McKay;* warden, Henry Patterson.  CIGARMAKERS'      UNION    NO.    357.-  Meets, tlie first Tuesday in each month  In Union'pl'illl. 'President',7G. Thonias,,Jr.;  vice-president, J. Crow, secretary, J. C  reiisor, cjo Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S.: AV. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, ,D. Morrisey; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council,, J.- Crow, G. Thomas  and O. Mattiton.  THE RETAIL CLERICS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'lBrlen's, Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. J. A.  Murray, president; AV. J. Lamrick, secretary,, 2JS Princess street.  BROTHERHOOD " OF li PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS, Local Uidon - No. IBS.  Meets 2na nnd 1th Thursday in Labor.  Hall. President. E. Holland; vice-president, AA*. Halliday: recording secretary,  E. Crush, 707 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretaiy, A. .Gothard, 1522 Howe  street; treasurer, H. MeSorley.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF  , Electrical Workers. - Vancouver Local,  No. 213���Meets second and fourth Wednesday,In each month In O'Brien's Hall. President, A. McDonald; vice-president, J.  Dubberley; recording . secretary, S. W.  Huston; financial secretary, H.--V. Ran-  Wn.  AUXILIARY, XO. I,- LOCAL 213, 1.5."  E. W. Telephono Operators���Prosident,  Miss J. Hunter,- 8111 Hopicr Streeh; vice-  president, Miss p. Livingstone, 680  Granville Street; recording-secretary,  Miss J. Browne, 827 Richards Street;  treasurer, Miss E. Bentley, 1121 Seymour Street.  tlonery, and all other supplies procured  by any and all departments of the elty  government and services.."  Auburn, N. Y., common council has  unanimously voted' to have all municipal printing,done In shops having the  union label and has Indorsed the local  Typographical union.  ���.���'������������ I would :be?,unable; to .compete.with? the  'VWhen you want to hire a. first-class  horse ? and: buggy, go ::to the ?���? Palace  LiveryVstables;  Telephone 125..:;  FROM SAN FRANCISCO.  Fifteen brlekinakers who Were imported : from Europe some months ago  and who have been, working for the  San Franelieo Brick company,'have  been taken to New A'ork by oillcers of  the Immigration, bureau for-deportation... Proceeding* have been.Instituted  against the 'firm for violating the alien  'contract labor law.  The striking bricklayers are elated  over the fii<-i iliui president llubbln.-,  of the 'International Bricklayers, has  warned bricklayers not to go tQ San  Francisco to take the places of strikers. The employers sought lo break  the strike by Invoking, (,he aid of the  International, with which the San Francisco union Is not affiliated, but President Gubbins did not see it that way.  The classification committee? of; the  Central LabOr convention has completed Its work of placing the different  INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES IN  MANITOBA.  The assuring'news of the Winnipeg  Tribune that the "Independents are  right In it in that province" is refreshing. That paper says: "A gentleman  in a position to know says there will be  no fewer than*thirty or thirty'five" independent; candidates in the Hold at the  forthcoming -, provincial elections; He  went over a list of the constituencies  and named several In which he assented'that-.the-;'Independents were practically���sure. of_electing_itheir--men.  Organisation Is being perfected, he  said, and the campaign would be conducted with great energy, Funds for  literature, committee rooms, etc.. will  not be lacking, as the.', movement ..has  the earnest backing of many of the  well-to-do- farmers, business men and  others throughout the province. "So  sure are we of electing mnny of our  men,' said the Tribune's Informant,  'thnt. In many instances I don't think  the Greeuwny or Robliu parties will  place men In. lhe tleld.'"  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' : ANO OON-  -FBCnONERS' International; Union of  America. /Local No. 40, Vancouver, . B.  C.vmeets ;first and -third Thursday in  each month. President, T. A. .Baxter;  vice-president,- S.' Walker; treasurer, J.  Green; secretary,'M.'MacLean,;zl60' -Westminster; Avenue.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION  ��� ol Machinists.���Beaver Lodge,' No.  182.���Meets second and fourth. Monday; in each month in 'Union' lull.  President, Geo. P. Downey; '��� past  president, J. R. Edwards; vice-president, H.- J. Littler; recording 'secretary, J. H- McVety; financial 'secre-  tary, J. Anderson.  JQUHNHY3UEN TAILORff i UNION OF  America No. ITS. i��� Meets 1st and 8rd  Mondayit in room No. 1,'Union Hall?."ft��-  sldent,: C *I*; Whalen;; \4co-prcoldenit, J.  T. Jfortiiner;: "Teoording secretary,-'X. V.  Williams, ism 7th avenue,'west; aecreta.-  ry-itreasurer, J. Savage; - eergeaxit-at-airmB,  H: Bnucau; delegates to. Tradeo &-11A-  bor Council, P. Williams and J. ,T. Meff-  tlmer.  BUIIJMJRS' LABORHRS' PEJDHRAIi  XWION,' No.- 32, Vancouver.���Meow'oven- 2nd and 4th Thursday evening' at *>  o'clock, in room No.. 1 Union-Hall. Preel-  dent, J. Sully; vioe-pre^deivt.lW-._Ijyon��;__  secretarjTH. Sellers;- treasurer, J. Oos-  grove; warden, H. Chapman;: conductor,  K. .Harrison; delegates to Trades & Labor Council, J. Sully, G. Payno. J. Coe-  grove - and,' R. : Harrison;; delegalwo to  Building Trades Council, J. Sully and J.  Cosgrove.  VANCOUVER ���'. TTFOGOlATHIClAiL OiN-  10N, No. 226, rooets the ith'Mohday In  ench month at Union-.'Hall. President,  XV. 3. Maelvay; ;vicerprcsldent, O. B.  Pierrot; secretary, "W. H. Hunt, P. O.  box o��; : treasurer, John 'Watkins; ? ser-*  gennt-at-nrms, Jas.1 Webster; executive'  committee, , H. W. King, Bobt. Todd,  Ralph Wilson. A- W. FMmbow; delegate*  to Trades & Labor Council, Robt. Todd,  Geo.- Hartley, Harry Oowan.  Telephone -1���2���5 for u lino livery  turn-out. J. .1. Sparrow, Palace Livery  Stables.  J. A. Davidson, corner Cambie and  Cordova St--., Is the place where you  get your hiiireut In air artistic manner.  UNITED miOTIIERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets overy  second .ind fourth Wednesday in Union  Iinll. room 2. President. A. E. Collin:  vice-president. L. C. DeWolf; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin, -533 Hamilton  St.; financial secretary, J, SIcLeod;  treasurer, G. Adams; conductor, H.  Howes; warden, J. P. Gray; delegates  to T. ������& I* Council, Geo. Dobbin, Geo.  Adams, A. E. CofBn, L. C. De"Wolf and  S. O'Brien; delegates to the Building  Trades Council, H. Howes and J. Mc-  Leod.  STREET RAILWAY MI3N'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth 'Wednesday  of each month In Sutherland Hall, corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings  Street at S p. m. President, .las. ��� McGuigan; vice-president, A. G. Elliott;  .secretary, M. A. Beach: treasurer, W.  H. Vaiiderwarlcer ; conductor, vH.  Howes; warden. G. Martin; sentinel,  D. Smith; delegates to Trades and Labor Council, B. Marshall, 1*". C. O'Brien,  Geo. J.enfesty, A, J. Wilson and Jas.  McGuigan.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union, No. 120���President, E. Harpur; vice-president? J. GU-  man; eorrespondlhg-iflnnncial secretary,,  J. A. Stewart, 44?, Hastings St. E.; recorder, W. L. Ayleswortli; irca^urer,  G. Bower; guide, W. Bushman; guardian, O. B. Jacques; delegates to T. & L.  Council, B. Ilarpur and J. A. Dlbden.  Meets flrst and third Wednesdays sf  ea.ch month In-Unlon Hall.  :*   ?  m  I  ���i  ���!  ��� i  if  t.  ��� i  i<  *L<  ?;;  il  nmtHk  Mi^<����^5gft!*gg|^e?^'ia'jS  m  mi TllK IN IMPENDENT.  SATURDAY.  ...F'E'BKUARY 2S��� 'lWii  i'X'  *'���'���t';,.**';!-;*;i;^;!-*;i*��;;->"-;'��---*;i ��� ���!-->;i;<?>i-x��'-!i*-t-*;i:<��;i?*H^;K^;i^:i^i  t ���'���"  ���    Tbe Gurney foundnj C��.> of lorontlo,  '9]    Makers ��j" ��xjwri Stoves aud Ganges.  .���    Arc Unfair.to Organized Labor.  I ��� '        ��  �� Wo c.xpocl tliv.' vvoi'fvingnii''ii'iit tiio'wust to  $��� help us win this light.    Tell your friends.  % ���:.,    IKON UOi.DKRS' UNION, Xu. 2d.  | .METAL i'OLltilLKi^' I'N ION.. Nu. 2.1.  .�� ..*. STOVK MOUNTEliS1   I'XiON,  NO.?M.    %  <,\i9}\i9Yii9:\i9A\9)\\9}\i9)\W  I  71*  %  9  %  y;  IW ARBITRATE BILL.  i  our viCMiiA wmm.  It'ontlnucd from 1'hko One.]  sufficient gaul can be generated to  make an effort to inaugurate the eon-  tract system again In Victoria.  The advertising pages ii( The Independent'will reveal to trades unionists  In Victoria the. tradesmen who are in  practical 'touch with them, and they  will naturally govern themselves accordingly-in ..making their purchases.  The local, branch of the Federated  Association of Letter Carriers announce tlieir first annual entertainment  to be held in the A. O. b". \\". hall tonight, under, the auspices of His Honor Sir Henri .Toiy. the Lord Llishop of  Columbia, and His Worship, Mayor  "McCnndless. An excellent programme  of vocal and instrumental .music, hits  been arranged, ami everything points  to a successful entertainment. Tickets  may be had from.any of the letter carriers.,... [.,-.  It is generally conceded that for bribing a judge, packing a jury, or carrying an election ihe.. almighty dollar is  the real thing. So Car as judge and  jury are concerned it is inuiuc-stionably  a potent argument, but in the matter  of carrying an election���well we doubt  if the adoraMe'creature is entitled  to  ;. first place. ? Our doubt has been engendered by ''developments at 'the recent municipal elections held in A'ie-  , toria.    This  new  force .is a hummer  "��� and carried 'every thing with a. whoop.  Due consideration, however, must be  given to the laetthat the dollar sel-  . dom or ever enters a municipal contest, and for that reason opinion is di-  ? vided - as to how the new force i.woul'd  . act if.it raii up against the.,real. thing,  .'particularly if it 'was*well re-enforced  ? .with '; overwhelming, numbers "of the  ? flame  denomination  and . accompanied  ..by its administering   angels    in    the  shape pi half    dollars,    quarters and  ? dimes. , Scientists?are now investigat-  ? ing thisnew force With a view to controlling it.77��� "A test:of its elllcacy will  agaihVbemade in the eqmliig; contest  ?* for .'.'cook at the poor house,"or rather  ''manager lor .'-the old man's    home."  ?; Its effect .on the. board, of aldermen  .���'will be watched with keen interest, and  >'if , the results are, as anticipated, we  ; can notify, all: aspirants , for, political  preferment..that,.if they ever hope to  Vreach the summit ;ot their ambitions, it  ,; ���?M11 starid'.them in lian'd to- pay- some-*  , what?niore-attention? to- their spiritual  needs iri the'.f uture than .they have in  ' the past." ..? V;,.;-  . *:���     ?��� ....   ...      :1y>ii'���  V?    : THE ISLAND -RAILWAY;'   '���  *   Sir,���If; those' intereatiiig; themselves  .in?:bririging; about th'e 'construction?of  an Island-railway are 'working In the  .-Interest- of: the:, public-.' they .will duly  consider    every .way  and? means- put  . forth with that end ln?yie\v'.:?.It will be  admitted  that .the-.,natural..'.'resources.  * sought to- be developed exist for use  by--'tiie people., In the pnst.ive have  handed over the .resources' and largely  th'e .funds* necessary to construct lines  of railway to permit   of development,  -butT^instead-bf^develpiiliig^anytlilngf  they sell back lo the people under conditions that mean enslavement that  which they must have In order to exist. Surely it Is unwise,;for' the people  to give into the hands of any corporation? the' power.to own?and to gain a  ,. corner on that which the said people  are forced to buy back from said corporation? What do we say of farmers who draw hay to town ten miles  to  sell  for 510 per ton,  when at  the  e>������������������������������������������  I Tbe Saft  1 of Life  is business.   We want more of S  it.   We'll net it if an out antl out ��  bargain will fetch it. - ��  Mow Is This ��  A two-quart'  Hot Water Bottle  Fountain Syringe  ;;���������'��� v-75c-7.. -".',:  | The McBowcll, Alkins,       V 1  $..    Watson Co., Ltd. Liability-!  �� IJP-TO-DATE.DRUCGISTS. ��  ����<2��������������������Q��S������������  1  same time they know that they will  have io .draw., more home again next  spring, and perhaps have to pay $20  nr $:W per toil-.' The present system,of  dealing with our resources Is infinitely,.more short-sighted than the action  of the farmer. To prepare the public  mind for a proposition already before  lhe public to give railways, without  costing one dollar. I beg to auote the  following circular, privately circulated  among American .bankers in 1562 by an  Knglish banker named Charles Haz-  zard.? To gel dear on points in fi-  iiaiice. we are safe in accepting-any  proposition that is endorsed and accepted b.v the ha niter. Here it 'Is;  "Slavery Is likely to he abolished by  the war power and chattel slavery de-  stroved.'   This  I   and    my    European  - ti  I'riends are1"in favor of. for slavery is  but the owning of labor and carries  with it the care of the laborer, while  the r.'.odcru or European--plan, led on  by England, is capital "control of labor  by controlling wages: this can be done  by controlling the money. The great  debt that capitalists will see to it is  made out of?t!ie war must..be used?as  a measure to control the volume ioi*  money. To accomplish this bonds  must be - used as, a banking  basis? It will not do to allow the  greenback, as it is called, to  circulate as money for any length? of  time, for we cannot control them. But  we can control the bonds, and through  them the bank issue."    V  I.will not digress, to relate that modern society is only now realizing what  the banker told his brethren in 1SG2���  that wage slavery is more profitable  to banking interests than chattel slavery. You' can read; that yourselves.  Bonds: must be used asa banking basis to csntrol or to corner the medium  of .exchange : now called "money."  Greenbacks were not to be allowed an  extended .--circulation,?1 ; because the  money powers.- could . .never: control  them, not that there was. nothing "at  the back of them. Bankers know there,  is no bottom to the money question,  hence the late bottomless controversy  across the line on 10 to 1. If the. money'  power can .control.-the,'.currency,'- they  can; cause contraction, and1 expansion,  meaning ?hard times and times not so  hard as the. hardest, but always, hard.  To take the banker's word for it, the  people must take the control of the  money, out of their hands.' Let the  province ask the Federal-government  to,build the: Island or any other desirable railway. .Instead of selling bonds  to, the?money power at a discount and  paying, interest t?or all time, sell them  to the people at par* for building and  equipping.; the? road. The bond itself  becoming legal* tender, the government  will not pay interest. Why should they,  on their own credit? Where any road is  purely a? local one, the province could  arrange to supervise construction and  acquire control for any consideration  agreed . upon., which , consideration  would be a,direct source, of income to  Canada,; instead of an outgo to European Individuals; Let every business  man who walks the Iloor to-night or  within 60 days just think this ��� matter  out. Thore is nothing in' it to detain  _you^for_teiiJiiiinutes.;Vj,'h'ei-e._will���not.  a cent go to lobbyists, legislators, char-  termongers, lawyers or any other non-  producer, but the full amount of bonds  issued will go to the business man for  supplies, and to the .workmen, freed  from the burden of interest. Until the  people become intelligent; on this matter any government giving countenance  to sucli a move would be wiped out by  the dominant power of.finance,' under  whose, heel lhe people are blindly remaining unfettered, but when the time  comes, nud soon that will bo. when the  people will be forced to meet the economic -iiiestlon or retrograde, and when  a government has been 'returned with  a mandate to legislate for tlie people,  their views on railway mutters will  have advanced beyond anything herein  suggested.  The ideas above suggested do not originate with the writer, but belong to  a fast-growing school of practical  thinkers, and if Ihey are fallacious lt  is tiie duty of those who can,-���.correct  them to do-so In a.proper spirit. ? No  honest person desires'to advocate, or to  do. .wrong? But we must? have/many  more railways, and can have ? them  cheaply when we learn to proceed  along less extravagant lines. ',,'���  '       W. J. LEDINGHAM."  ..Victoria. B, C; Feb. %. t?03, ? *  :-ir Wm. .Mulock'.'-. minister of labor,  new arbilraii-v.i bill, nmtalnlng '20  elau-e..-. has lu-jn drafted and sent out  lo the railway organizations. The piy-  ainV'k* I'.-ails:  "Wherea:���From time to time dif-  IV-ivm-.-s ;u*lte between railway companies .and their employee:, which the  parties thereto��� (iiillii-! to adjust, remit  o-.- 'inay 'result' in lockouts and strikes,  aud .  , "Whereas���ilailw.iy lockouts and  strikes interfere -witli the proper and  eillcient transportation of ...mails, passengers and freight. Interrupt the trade  and-commerce-of the country, , cause  railways to fall into disrepair 'to'tin-  danger of the lives of [passengers and  employees, and iu various other 'rays  occasion serious injury both public and  private, and  "Whereas���** Is desirable to aid in the  settlement of  sueb, differences."     "  The senate and liou��; of commons  enacts as follows;  . Section ;.' provides; that whenever a  difference exists between any railway  employers and railway employees, the  minister may either on the application  of any party: to the difference, or on  the application of the corporation of  any municipality directly affected by  the difference, or of his own; ..motion,  cause enquiry to be made Into the same  and flie cause thereof. For that purpose the minister, ol labor may establish, a board of arbitration to be composed of three ipersons to be . named,  one liy tlie railway employers, and?one  by. the railway employees (parties .to  the difference), and .the ithirtl by ,tlie  two so named. The minister shall in  writing notify each party to name an  arbitrator staling in such notice a'reasonable time to do this.- If either party  within such time or jiny extension  thereof fall to iiame aa'arbltrator the  liiinister may appoint one in the place  of the party so refusing or in default.'  And il'fhe-'two arbitrators so chosen  fail to select a third arbitra'toi* the.minister may make such selection."  Section 4 says 'that before the minister shall name any arbitrator he shall  submit the name, of ?the person proposed W both parties to the difference,  it being intended to appoint only .such  person as shall not? be* reasonably objected to by either party*     "  It is iprovldedVin sections '5-3 that the  .third-' arbitrator "shall... be ,;.chairman.  That the findings and recommendations  of the, majority sliall be > those 'of,' the"  board. In! the absence of one,arbitrator- from a meeting-: of the board the  mother, two shall not proceed unless the  absentee'...has. been notified in time to  attend. Forthwith after?;?appoiritment  the, ehaiimian shall, .promptly convene;  the board and proceed with its'inves-  tigati'ohs and report same to the minister of labor, who shall.'publish:.sanie  In 'the Labor Gazette. for the Inforina-  tlon of parliament and th'e public. ???  "According to "section.', in'-' the board  shall have" all the power of summon-,  ing witnesses and to7 compel them 7 to  give.evidoiiceas is vested in any court  of record in civil cases. Xo witness  will be compelled, however, .to answer a  queston which might render him liable  to avcrlminal prosecution.' V  /  ;in sections 12 and 1:!, the summons  may ; require, any person . to'produce  books, papers or.-other .documents in  his possession or 'uiiiiei;.,''his' control, in  any way relating- to the proceeding's:  but the information thus obtained shall  not be'iiiade public, V  16. No counselor solicitor shall be, entitled ? to ai'ppear before the board except by unanimous, consent of all parties to the differences.- Notwithstanding tills the board may decline* to allow counsel or solicitors to appear be-  lor^JJieni^_Th^i^rties_to Jhe^jliffeji-V  LABOR P.ECOGNIZED.  The Liberal Association ou Thursday  night requested that the crew of the  Kestrel, the- new government boat, be  iiiuiilnnu-d Jointly by the British Columbia Steamshipmen's Society and the  Marine Engineers' Union.  GET ON THE VOTERS' LIST.  WANTED TO EXCHANGE ��� Genlle-  mnn's open-face sliver English les-er  watch, Jeweled. ��� good condition for  second-hand sewing-machine in good  running order.    K. !'.., this olllce.      ���  ence mny appear, in person.'or by agents.  IT. Where the difference affects a  class of employees, they may be represented by some of their.number or by  agents other than counsel or solicitor.  Hi. It shall be lu the discretion of.the  board to conduct Its proceedings In  public or In private.   :  Jlr. C, J. South, secretary of the  Children's AidSocic-ty, has just issued  his very Interesting report in pamphlet  form. All Interested may gel acopy  by nipplyiiig for same. The society is  lu-good condition,, but money; ls needed  lo keep the work going.'.  I'>. W.-Stevens, the popular C. F. H.  conductor, of Kevelstoke. pa'id his "respects'to The Independent on Thursday.' He Is In ,the city In connection  with  the affairs of his union.  They are talking of Introducing Chinese into the-Transvaal. A commissioner.has left Johannesburg? for California to.enquire into the methods of  working the Chinese in that state.?. ;*  Dr. JtcAlpine, the city .doctor,; has  asked the city council for an increase  In salary on account of the increase; of  population, partloularly. the Chinese.  It is a httle early yet to talk about  Wall Paper, but I want the people to  lenow that I am now opening up the  finest stock of Wall Paper that ever  came into this province. Of course we  have not received our ; full, line, but  have enough to. please most anyone,  and we are going to continue to sell  'these beautiful 1903 coloring and patterns at the reduced, rate until the busy  season opens. Anyone wanting Wall  Paper or work of that kind it will pay  them "to buy now, even if you hold it  over for a month or so. Ours is a  Union Shop, always,lias been?and always will ,;.he. Room' moulding to  match all papers. ? Agents for the province for white enamel, letters -for  signs. Kalsomining. painting, etc., and  all .work guaranteed.        , .;-���;....  , TO OUT OF TOWN CUSTOMERS it  is always a, pleasure to send samples.  Drop a postal card stating .price, color,  which room orrooms, size, whether 9  or IS'inch border, required.. We will do  the rest. -'''-'   _���'[.[  T2�� Pcndr Street.  :.   Wc,-- the undersigned, handle the  oniv UMOS MADE CIGAKEll'ES  niade;in;Canada:iKAHNAO,/Y. C,.  .anlT.iSB..?:,-?l-'?;V?;V:V,V.V'VV'V?*:*..VAV  ;   GHAS. FORESBERG?!  ���Xji.XiiH.:yw<^yyx.  vv;i::':?v';''Sv:?HARcysvv;';i-vv-:  V'^7;:VG!'-W:;WEEKSv?'.Vi:7.?  .   Wholesale Agents lor B. C,   :  Corner Alexander St. iind Coluuibiii Ave-  !.'��� ,-i:.-.',     ''"���* Vnncouvor, B.'C.   ?:?;���,: yy;  ��� Vp/o.'iiox.ioe.'V���:���"���'..AA ; phoxk.-ivs;-,,  ':?;VV.MrDAVIS..VVVv:  PAINTING,  PAPERHANGING,-:  KALSOMINING,    ETC..    ETC.  : All branches of the? trade done in a  satisfactory, and workmanlike'manner.  Estjmates? given.-, ::?',?���'?,  ���132 EIGHTH AVENUE WEST.  PHONE 12304.  Carpenter anci Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of work in this line promptly, attended to.  Patronize the  Blue Label  Xt       ^>iBRANDS"^  '���/���I '     /'i'-imr*. Vai 7 n  B��;;'Gw-  Gigar Factory  NEW WESTMINSTER.  ^**H*��:!;*��>a:*��}K*W;*;i;*Ht'��a,<>M;*^;;V ^COri-**-!-^*^  ;H-" --";- ."��� .������' ,": '.'.     9J  it;  $  t  71'.  9  $  :i:  ti  9  jntmmim e* mi&m     ��� \yj  High-Speed Sewing Machine  We have Just Installed one of these wonderful machines In our  store, lltted with a small electric motor. We invite anyone interested to come and inspect the machine, and the extraordinary  spsed It.can attain���as high as 4,004 stitches a minute.. Everyone  Is welcome. ���  ���,:'������* -. ,  ,126 Hastings St.  '������  "'���  ���  9  :+:  %  H*  SOLE AGENT  *;**>:*K*;i^*;K***.^^  SPECIAL,    ALL - STEEL ,WIKE ROPE SNATCH BLOCK,  ALLAN  WHYTE  & CO.'S   SPECIAL WIRE CORE LOGOING WIRE,  PLOUGH and CRUCIBLE STE EL WIRE ROPE in all sizes and grades.  All kinds v'of loggers'  tools and  supplies. Camp Utensils, Etc.    :  & Co.  Phone 44.  122 Cordwa Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phonev1063.  Locks and L^tches-  ���*XAX.A;^l;.y,XlyXyxAXA'A.y;yAi^  ixiXxXixMj  ���Jm'. '  ' XJ     ' ���'���-,-       ���   .:...������';-..���. ' ,-:- :,',���������& '  ijj:- .V? We especially call ytitr attention;  to,the tact that, u'ui; stock; ^-  4>"i. and assortment of;looks *and' latches,V;: Butt's;-7? Screws,; Cupboard*.V*;7  2 a-'ii        JJ'i'A- ���> i'l. IHU)litii;=, iii?fact??all;  V. V    VV  ,iyAii':f.Xi -?'':* :  I   Blardware for Mouse, or Block 1  5^ , We have, a cotr.p'ete line   of ?tlie leading Amencaiv;aiid?C'h. ailian V*.  J '���[. gootlsanil we will put yt-u next Vtb quality, priceVanil v'.iistyV  ?    5'  *?V V Nothing adds'more to the appearance"yand value?of a house  <>    than good, tastyVm6derii'tfiimmings;V?:i;V:(;?V7     iii.X'X'-,    HA'-A'A  ^i-ii ��� We"have?tlieni:and ;believe;you \vant?them. ?X ?;.;;;?      A. 'VVV;..;  %MmcM^^x^  ��� %'������'<������ ''���'���'" '���' ''v''.1:':--7'- .''���'."���-    " -y-:.. IX'A.'i-i x -���:"::"'���        X  : tiyXiX :���:'������  '-yy.  :$''-'-:VV-"??'V;V.?vV;;v.--'V'7��-339V.;Hastings,vStreet.?^  .:'������ Our. new :spring, clothing- Is now?,coming Jn^and; we '.really/.want  ' you toisee what Dame Fash ion has ,;do'ne:' for.theO'steriier-sex" in  hei-;fashl6ning ot;JIen's?aiid Eoys';C-othing?? ?V ;' '." ���        'iXXiA-X.  ['.. -^Nothing: smarter, has7 ever, left., the cutter's.'hoard.;-:   ..? Xi  yyXiX&��w&miiv^^  X'i VV--VV'';VV-.V77'VVi04?cndVi06-'*Cordova!.StrcctV;V-'VV-V V'V'--' '-'?V-  Trunk Store 127 Mastlngs ShVVO'ibV'H'm: Ralph's.     VV  &w��ssflg^ia^asiwiiMgiia^  ����0^����^��������35a��)^^ 3'3>����������������ii^������<^S��$������^'  ��'���" X  OOO  ��� 89  "The Beer Without a Peer.!'  ,': ?:,?Brew'ed right'here in'.Vancouver;by?men .of years and years: ex- *; ^J?  perlenceaiid in a breivRryVivhose plant is .the most perfect, kno^yil to??- (Jv?  theart? of* brewing, is it any vyonder that it has taken a place in   l^-?:  , ,*he, hearts of thepeople whi'clv no other,: beer can supplant?  .'���?���?-V?;?- ��� yW  y.. A 'X -;lV:::V;--.vSl.odi;Dozen?Pints?.?7:'i'iiiXXjXXXjXXli  V:--'V?V?':*V':;VV?::V".;^;'7;-V--S2.60;V'vV-V';*QuartsV?Vv''::V  ,-:;,Brewed by,?-V ��������� -"ixyyAiJ-X    J.iiJAJA'i.ixAA'y-ly-Ay.AXi.ii'yy  VV.'V Vancouver, VB.V'C;'-?v,. v .'��� w  . and ,forV'sale at all first-class Saloons,7 Liquor Stores and Hotels.. ?';,8&?  ��������S��S^Xs)��������������  Sn Justice to  Yourself:*;; :yyy.y  o ;*.���we would advise you to  get in your order for having  your LACE CURTAINS LAUN- :  DEKEI3, ns (illicitly  ns possible.  You know how everybody gots  busy all at once later on aiid the  danger of delay.. Now; Is your  opportunity. We will seiul your  curtains home perfectly sciuare,  starched just right nnd beautifully clean and sweet smelling.  Steam tacjiidry  910-014 Richards'Streot. Tel. 846  "Branch office in Arcade  ..V??.V.Tei;'1176;    ??;-?.  A��V9ttise;in The Independent. :  vBogiiiiiiiig  ? When dyes aro found to havo  any defect, however, slight, tnoro  is but one thing to do. Provide  glasses early. Have them examined  by our doctor of optics, Mr.: Allan, and get n,' pair   to     fityou  ? properly. All" work guaranteed.  DAVIDSON BROS.,  A The Jewelers and Opticians,   -'-  ^ ':���-.'.;    V   ? 146 Cordova st.V:-. ~V'Vj  +G9'0'9'*+!90'.0,09'.9.0000i ���


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