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The Independent Feb 14, 1903

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 Lr.��ji&&*U-aJU^*a&  legislative Llbr'y  Mar. 81|M  THE  ROYAL  BANK  .. OF   CANADA ,.  JS..  I 8AVINQ8, BANK .  -vA.Oemenl Banking Buiinua   ���   -\,      Transacted.  OVFICBS-HaatlnKS   Street,   W.,  't-tatmliiater Avenu*. Vancouver.  Ii. (*. PERMASEiW IM AM  SAflIGS 00. *  Authorized Caj.llll ��� ?10,00O.OGt>  ' Subvcribfil Capital -  ���  1,&00,UOO  Ammb Over ....     300,000  llvittl Office, 851 Cambie Street,  Vancouver, li. v.  'i*  VOL./.jj\ \f  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1903.  NO 21.  ENCOURAGING.  On Thursday night a. large number of  Mr. FoIey|s supporters met in ' moss  meeting in Union hull to hear the  -committees report, and to discuss matters appertaining to the election.  ���'"Mr.-^J.'G.* Davidson occupied' the chair.  in opening ho reviewed the Incidents of  the contest, so honorably waged', on  Labor's side, and saw ln it a triumph  rather than a defeat, and an augury  of ultimate victory for the principles  they stood for in the fight. He reminded the audience that they were theie  to consider how tliey would dispose  themselves towards the result of the  election, which reflected not the honest  ��� judgment of the people, but a miscarriage of public,opinion, worked ln corruption.    In  this connection,    he    ex-.  plained   that 'consideration had been  -     i >        ���- . -  given to determine the proper comse to  pursue ln the premises,  and observed  that their judgment had,united In tho  following report, which was signed, by  J.- G. Davidson, A.  M. Benttle and ,C.  X Hilton:     .       *     - '  'itVc, tho undersigned Special Committee  ot the Executive, acting*,011 behalf of Mr.  Foley and appointed for the purpose ot  consulting counsel us to the course to bo  adopted ln the present .emergency, make  report that alter consulting three promt,  nont counsel ln VanciSnvir and laying lie-  foro them such .facts-'as have heen  brought to our attention In connection  with the management of air. Maephor-  son's campaign, report as follows:  1���That there Is a unanimity of opinion  that lt is impossible to prevent Mr. Mac-  pherson's return to the, Houso of Commons- on" Ihe,, 25th-of ( Fobruary,lf llr.  Mouat on that date declares that he has  tno greater number of votes,, and that  any Injunction proceedings will bo futile.  2���That jour Committee strongly and  confidently reoommend an Election Petition protesting against 'Mr. Macpher-  son's return, , , ''       ,  3 ��� Your Committee would further,re-  commena';that-^petition be Immediately  circulated" for the' purpose of raising a  fund to meet thc balance of the' expenses  contracted during, the present campaign  and 'iorr>tho ,'purpose ,of raising tho necessary funds for deposit on Election Petition. All of which Js respectfully submitted. ,,,',-   ,    ,        ',        ' "'  This report wns adopted on a unanimous vote of the meeting.  The Chairman next called'upon Mr.  J. Edward Bird, who, remarked that ln  the hotly contested, campaign of the  last few weeks they 'had much to congratulate themselves upon, and Nothing  to be ashamed of. As a party they represented scattered forces,- unsupported by "th'e money bags" and sustained  only by a,common cause and righteous  principles.. And in a sense they- had  triumphed. In the opinion of the people the Government was defeated. A  .Liberal majority of 700 In the last election was converted into a minority of  about 300, representing a change of  over a. thousand votes against the Government. * >  Speaking of the conduct of the campaign, he recalled the shady complexion  of the Government * party's tactics.  This was conspicuous not only in the  City, but more especially in those outlying places which were'more completely subject to political) corruption. Reports were coming In, said Mr. Bird, of  transactions up the Coast, and if they  had foundation In fact, they had exceeded not only the bounds of decency,  but of law, in a way that wouldeffe'et  the return of the candidate. If these  reports were true, money had been used  . to deprave the electorate In a way that  gentlemen Christians could not endorse.  Mr. Bird discussed the legal aspect  of the election. He remarked that the  opinion of Sir C. H." Tupper. and several other eminent authorities had been  consulted, and that there was a unanimous concurrence among them that the  election wns Illegal. .He said that Sir  C. H. Tupper's opinion had been given  In extenso, and to indicate Its purport,  vcad the last paragraph, which declares:  "I am of the opinion that no valid election had been held ln Burrard, under  the writ, (luted December 22nd, 1902, and  that, In the event of the Returning Ofilcer making a return of any one of  the candidates, a petition against the  -return would be successful. I do not  see how any returning officer, having  regard for his oath of oflice, under Section IC of the Act, can, under the circumstances, make the return required  by1' Form 'Cf.' under Section 92. In  the event of so doing lie would be subject to 'being called to the-Bar ot the  House- of Commons,' there to be dealt  with as the House would see fit."  Mr. Bird remarked that the fact of  the Atlln vote having been set back,  was sufllclent in itself to void the elec  tion. He suggested the possibility of  the constituency being left open If the  election wns nulled, ln the hope of  catching a verdict at some more favorable time, arid' predicted that, (amid  cheers), ln such an event, Mr. -Foley  would be the next representative.  The Chairman uguln put lt to thc  meeting:   ' --���'-���,.  That an election petition against Mr.  Macpherso'n's return, If he be returned,  bo filed and prosecuted to a finish.  This carried unanimously. ,  Thanked His Supporters. ��  A further motion passed, that a copy  of the .opinion of Sir C. H. Tupper be  served on the Returning-OfBcer upon  his arrival in Vancouver.  - Mr. Foley was next called upon and  responded briefly, He said he would  take that opportunity to thank the  many friends who gave him such loyal  support during' the'late campaign, .and  hoped,; If they were permitted to fight  tho battle,over again, that their principles might triumph and their Influence succeed in its appointed work.'  While to all appearances they had been  defeated, the defeat was an honorable  one, and their opponents had succeeded  not because of the virtue of their cause  but because.of the demoralisation of  their money, of which large sums were  used to, pervert the   judgment of the  1 -1      <  1  people.    He urged    that  their efforts  should be given to secure a redistribution of the constituency, which would  relieve Vancouver of the remote Coast  line aiid Isolated points which now attached to the constituency, and which  were so lamentably subject to the demoralising inlluence of unscrupulous  politicians.  GROUP THE CHINESE.  HE WON'T STRIKE.  Mr. J. H. Macnab'lix conversation informed The Independent that the aggression of the Chinese has lowered the  valuation of his property about two-  thirds. This fact is also recognized by  the assessor. It seems that some t'me  ln August, last the Chinese Anglican  mission acquired land on Homer street,  between Dunsmulr and Georgia, and  commenced the erection thereon of a  two-storey wooden building, designed  for a mission house. A protest was  lodged against this, by Mr. Macnab,  an adjoining householder, at the time,  which failed to excite any further recognition than an advice that the city  had no power to prevent the Chinese  from building and locating where'they  chose. The place Is now occupied by  Chinese, being fitted lip with bunks lii  the usual Chinese lodging house style,  It Is high time that something -was  done by the council to prevent the Chinese locating all over the city as they  are doing. The whites must colonize  by themselves In the cities of the  Orient, why not make the Chinese do  the same here? It Is true Chinatown is  thickly populated, but -then that is no  reason why they should be allewed to  settle where they like at the cost and  discomfort of ourj citizens. This fact  must be recognized, and at once, that  the confines of the Chinese colony must  be limited to only one section of the  oity. The case above alluded to might  be the case of anyone at any time, unless the matter of grouping Chinese is  settled Immediately. Then they can  revel In their ifilth and staunch without  affeoting our citizens elsewhere located  An extract from the Indenture which  binds the young man who desires to  learn a trade with the-Gurney Co.:  "Suid apprentice shall well and  faithfully served :hls,said masters, their  property protect; their secrets keep,  their Interests' In every way In his  power"' promote, and their 'commands  obey; he shall not contract matrimony  during snld terms; he shall not fre  quent taverns, drinking saloons or other places of evil resort, nor absent himself from his master's service, from  any cause without consent; he shall not  join, nor belong to, nor aid In any way  during such term; any trades t union,  or unions, and shall observe ,the rules  of the shop from time to" time made,  and shalljn every respect demean himself towards his said masters as a good  apprentice ought to do."  "What do you thing of this, ye free  and indepednent Canadians?���Picket,  Toronto.  YELLOW LABOR.  The subject of the encouragement of  yellow labor has been touched on recently In the city press. It Is a subject  that has got to be touched on pretty  often and to some purpose. Tho writer  at the time of the civic elect-Ions, endeavored to fathom the knowledge of  some celestials, long residents of this  city, on the subject of government, and  was forced to conclude that that knowledge was nil. It is a fact that Chinese  get their living in this city, horde their  savings for export���decreasing the circulating medium of the community���  and contribute to the advancement of  the community not even a knowledge  of the meaning of citizenship.* At tho  same time these gentry compete successfully with useful citizens, and as  well a're beginning to graft tluir vices  on their stratum of the city's life. The  yellow question Is always acute on the  Paclllc coast. Chris. Foley's good run  ln Burrard is atttrlbuted by some t?  the fact that his platform was wholly  and solely Mongolian expulsion.���Winnipeg Tribune. , .  ,        SCANDINAVIAN SOCIET1".  Lust Monday night a well attended  meeting In Union hall of resident Scandinavians formed a society. The alms  and objects of this new organization  have not as yet bebn perfected, but it  is principally for the mutual usslstanee  und enfranchising pt Its members. H.  Roberts, the well-known local contractor, wus ohosen as tempoiury president,  and Clios. Durham, secretary of the  dlShermen's union, selected as secietary  pro tem. A committee to draft the bylaws of the society was appointed. It  comprises Messrs. B. Benson, O. Nelson  and C. Durham. The next meeting will  take place on Monday, thc 23rd. All  Scandinavians are invited to be present  when the wonk of organizing will be  completed. .  EIGHT HOURS FOR PRINTERS  The following letter from Local No.  '226,, I. T. U;,,,is self-explanatory, and  will, ino doubt,���be' granted by all con-  cemedf without- any.friction:  VANCOUVER, B. C���  '      '"'   Feb. 7, ltol  To the Employing Printers and Bookbinders of Vancouver,,B. C: -  Gentlemen,���International Typographical Union, No. 226, and International  Printing ' * .Pressmen     and     Assistant  Union, No. 69, have jointly decided and  hereby request a reduction in the working hours to 48 per week, to take effect from May 1, 1903.   In' support of  this request it may be stated that:  1. The various unions ln Rossland  1 f, ti,  Spokane,   Tacoma,    Seattle,   Victoria,  etc., are already"working shorter hours  than those ln force In Vancouver.  2. ��� Employees of newspaper offices in  this city have been working eight hours  only for the last six years.      '  3. No change In regard to wages or  hours has heen made in this city for  the last six years.  4. The various unions In every city  in Canada and the United States are  also requesting and many have already  obtained a working week of 48 hours.  5. The general trend of opinion  throughout the world is in favor of an  8-hour day.  6. Shorter hours increase the efficiency and intensity of the worker and  from past experience a reduction in the  hours of labor does not decrease the  output, but has been found to improve  the quality of the work.  A reply to this communication by  March 16th is requested.  (Signed and sealed) Typographical  Union No. 226.   W. J. MdKay,   Presi-  nese legislation In the United States.  Then tliey went to British Columbia to  learn all details of the industries and  pursuits in which Oriental labor was  employed. Evidence was pressed on  the commission from all sides. For  more than ten years the province of  British Columbia had done everything  in its power to bring the question to  the attention of the public. The Chinese, it was found, first came in large  numbers to British Columbia during  the gold' excitement of the sixties, and  many of them stayed In Canada. Other  hordes were brought in to complete the  Onderdonk section of the Canadian  Pacific railway. They had always had  cheap labor In British Columbia, first  first the Indians, then the Chinese, now  the' Japanese. The total white population of British Co!-;mbla, men, women  and children, was but 129,000. Of this,  the probable proportion of adult male  la'bor could be estimated by his hearers. The Chinese population of adult  male labor totalled 16,000, and in the  city of Victoria alone It reached upwards of 3,000. This was a Wholly foreign element, Impossible of assimilation, and living, on Incredibly small  sums. The evidence showed that Chinese workmen lived at from $1.97 to $2  per month. That was the competition  that unskilled labor had to encounter.  White labor, well trained, was Immeasurably superior to Chinese; but the  Chinese labor was more easily procur-,  able, and more servile. The employers,  nevertheless, were largely in favor of  exclusion, because the country was  making no progress. Thc normal condition of equal^ opportunity for immigrants was greatly disturbed by the  Chinese element. Therefore, the white  Immigrant gradually passed to the United States. The presence of the Oriental  class degraded labor ln'the eyes of the  people, whereas It should be honored.  This was, he held, one of the most vital  phases of the question; the youth of  British Columbia had either to grow-  up In idleness, or leave the country.  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  Prospects for work ln the building  trades are good, more work being in  sight and ln progress than for some  years previous at this time of year.  The council is compiling a list of  those firms In the various building  trades who are fair and unfair to union  labor, wlilch will be,issued shortly and  placed iin circulation. It will be amended and brought up to date as occasion requires.  The electrical workers reported thai  A. Le Page, trading as the Glove Electrical Company, was still on the unfair  list, and that Ivan Bushong was now-  added to the* unfair list.  Union bricklayers and masons, plasterers, stonecutters and building laborers are reminded that they are not allowed to handle or use any building  material supplied by E. Cook, contractor and dealer in builders' supplies.  This also applies to material hauled on  Cook's scows or delivered at foooK's  wharf.  The secretary was instructed to write  lo the honorable the minister of lands  and works at Victoria, requesting that  a clause be Inserted In the lease about  to be granted to Theodore Ludgatc,  making it compulsory to pay the wages  and work the same hours as do now or  shall prevail in the various building  trades in this city, both on construc-  organlzcd labor In this city. Ths membership begins with 26 on thc roll. Mr.  Watson impressed the new members  as to the necessity of educating themselves In principles of trades unionism.  One good way wus to subscribe to The  Independent, the labor organ of this  city, which was tho only paper to  stand by them in the time of trouble.  It had always stood by labor, and was  deserving of their support. He also  recommended them to keep party poll-  tics out of their union, as it was a  disrupting element to admit into thein  discussions. If they wanted to take  any part Irr politics they should do so  outside the union. The organizer recommended them to affiliate with the  central body, the Trades Council of this  city, 'which, through Its delegates,  would ikeep them posted on all labor  matters going on in the city a.s well as  elsewhere.  CIGARMAKERS' STRIKE.  A. Garlepy, of 'Montreal, third vice-  president of the Cigarmakers1 International union, and vice-president for the  Province of Quebec of the Dominion  Trades Congress, reports in connection  with the long-existing cigarmakers'  strike in Montreal as follows:  "Before the strike took place we liacl  seven strict union shops, employing  ITS members.   On account of the strike  I.   .      ��   -  we have lost two shops.# in which 111  members were employed.  RAILROAD BUILDING.  dent; TV. H. Hunt, Secretary. Pressmen's Union, No. 69, Geo. Pound, President; Wm. Bell, Secretary.  Mil CLUTE. K. C. ON THE CHINESE QUESTION.  This high authority holds th^t Chinese Immigration'means a servile class,  and that the outlook for British Columbia Is alarming. The Toronto' Tolloi  says: Mr. R. C, Clute, K. C, wa* tm  speaker at the Canadian Club's luncheon last week. Mr. Clute, who was  chalrmnn of the royal commission on  Oriental lnbor which reported last year,  gave a brief digest of the work of  the commission. That the quality of  our citizens was the most impoi tant  point In building up the nation could  not be denied. British Columbia today had 11 question more vital to her  thun any oilier. It involved the quality of her citizens. It was whether her  resources should be developed for'the  benefit of all, or for a few individuals;  whether or not society should be divided into two classes, a small employing  class  and  a  large   servile  class.  Speaking of railroad building as being',1 conducive to the health and prosperity of Canada. Canada must be Its  owri judge' in^ the future. If ever there  was a patient treated badly by railway  promoters' and political seallawags  Canada is the one to be the most pitied.  It has paid for this heajth tonic a hundred prices for w-hat It was worth, and  gave away enough territory to make a  nation, and yet there are men, public  men, who will tell the people to "cough  up" more money and land to build railroads and make Canada strong and  robust. In other words the case of Canadian railroad building is a drastic one  and consequently drastic measures  must be brought down to plunder the  country for the sake of railroads whicli  When built will he owned and controlled  by private companies���just like the C.  P. R.  ��� The following as examples of opinions of how our magnates view railroad  building In Canada will lie of Interest  "We will welcome any parallel lines  that will come along and help us develop thc country. There is room for  all."���Sir William Van Home, Chairman C. P. R. Board.  "There is no necessity for another  transcontinental load. It will not pay,  and the C. P. R. can handle the business."���Sir Thos. G. Shaughnessey,  President_C._P._R ,   .    "We have made a  gain    of   eleven  tlon work and  operation of the mill;   . , . , , . ,  I shops  and  now  have  eighteen  shops,  about to be erected. J       ,    , ������. ,  I employing over _2o members.  Information has been received by this I    .,���      ,      . ���,       ,  -,    ,    .  One hundred and ninety-two members were taken in und 97 went back  council to the effect that two-thirds of  the carpenter contractors of Seattle  have already signed the agreement to  pay $4 per day of eight hours. Well  done, Seattle!   Vancouver, next!  The carpenters of Victoria are making a demand of $3.50 a day of eight  hours. They established the eight-hour  day with wages "at $3 last spring.  LEARNED THEIR LESSON  It will be noticed that Sir William be  Heves If Canada will swallow another  dose like that of tho C. P. R. Jack Can-  nuck will come out all right. But we  think it will make him old and gray  headed before his time and he will be  the sufferer, and there will bo none to  do him reverence. Canada should heed  the lesson, and build its own railroads.  Sir Thomas, on the otlier hand, with an  eye to business for the C. P. R��� advises  Canada not to do anything moie thun  what It ls forced to do. The C. I*. 1!.  dose is about all any country can stand  and live.  ' If the Canndlnn government heeds  the numberless propositions of ra.U0.1d  scheme.; nnd magnates in framing the  forthcoming legislation it will prove not  only dlsastious to the west but will  cripple the east. The time has come  when noth'ng but government owned  roads will be tolerated by thc people.  Our  provincial    government    should  please tuke note of this.  Among our visitors  this week were  Mr. Ralph Smith, M, P., and Mr. Smith  The duties of the commission over Curtis, M. P. P. Both gentlemen are  which he presided were flrst of all to j old friends of la'bor nnd are just as  acquaint themselves fully of antl-Chl-] full of fight and as energetic as ever.  ��� The tone of the Independent press in  Manitoba and the Territories shows  clearly that the people in the west are  day by day firmer in their faith in government owned railways.  ,-Frank Oliver's Edmonton .Bulletin  argues let the country build tlie road.  Then It can lease It to a railway company if it wants to. This would do  away with the watered stock and bloated bond, and the country could always  get the road when it wanted it. ''And  the Edmonton Bulletin express.es the  sentiments of nine-tenths of the free  and Independent voters of the west.  Those westerners are educated on railway matters. A dally struggle with  C. P. R. rates for years has taught  them more about stocks and bonds on  which the railways realize, and on  which the people have to pay the interest, than would a life time of theory  study.  Manitoba and the Territories believe  In government owned railways because  they have seen Canada build at least  one railway and present it to a company that has been busy ever since  bleeding the country for every cent it  could stand.���Toronto Telegram.  to -work during thc strike: 3S1 left the  city, nio-st of whom are now located in  Toronto and Hamilton, Out., wheie the  Montreal trade has practically gone to.  "The exact result of the strike is that  the trade has gone to otlier .n.rts of  Canada, where unionism, better prices  and better conditions prevail. The lack  of capital accounts for our union manufacturers not hcvlng increased tlieir  'trade���that Is where Toronto and'Ham-  iltdn got'nhead of them. We have'bhl^  one rich firm ln the Whole lot, and they;  have doubled their output." ' - ' r   ' :a  MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP.  LEWIS HENRT CATER DEAD.  We regret to announce that Mr.  Lewis Henry Cater passed away at the  city liospltal. on Monday, Feb. 9, 1903,  the victim of the fatal cancer. The deceased had been a well-known resident  of this city for a number of years, and  was in his 70th year at the time of h's  death. He was a superannuated member of the Amalgamated Society of  Carpenters and Joiners, joining this  union at Birkenhead, near Liverpool,  Eng., some 82 years ago. The funeral,  which was directed by Messrs. Centre  & Hanna, took place to Mount Pleasant cemetery on Wednesday, and was  well attended. The funeral services  were conducted by Adjutant llaye=, of  the Salvation Army, who eulogized the  lamented dead In a most fitting and  able manner. The pall bearers were:  Messrs. J. Bruce, T. Wise, E. Hunt and  D. O'Nell, all members of the Amalgamated Carpenters.  The  FOUNDRY  WORKERS,  first    regular    meeting  of   the  Foundry WorVcis' Union was held in  Union hall la��t Tucdny night, when  Mr. Watson. Ihe orpnnl.-er, attended  and instructed the officers and Initiated all the members Into a local of the  A. F. of L. Tills Is a new union recently organized and starts with bright  prospects before it. The members' are  most enthusiastic and theie.ls no doubt  that the new union will become a factor to bo  dealt with in the ranks of  Mr. Puttee, M. P. for this constif.  uency, at a recent meeting of the labor  party, remarked on the growth of th&  municipal ownership idea, planted hertf  by the labor party some live years ago,  and fostered to the present comprehensive growth. Whoever is to gee the  credit of lt, the public of Winnipeg Is  now through and thiough for municipal ownership wherever It can reasonably be applied. The civic electorate  supported the acquirement of the water  franchise, of the paving franchise, and  of the street lighting franchise. The  city council, backed by public opinion,  is now investigating the subjects of a.  civic plant for general lighting, and a  civic telephone. A newer proposal not  yet fairly before the public, is that of  one of the city aldermen, tor a civic*  sewer pipe plant, and under no circumstances will the civic electorate dream  ot allowing the stieet car franchise to  be renewed to a private company. Public ownership in the municipal field is  enthroned In the public opinion of Winnipeg.���Tribune.  MASS MEETING.  The fishermen will hold a mass meeting  in   this  ciaohrd   ohrd   ohid  olhrd  .lng_ in_the_clty_hr.ll_next SaturdH.y_  night, when the subject of traps will  be discussed. His worship will'preside  and a number of local speakers will  take part.  W. Armstrong, an old-time Vancouver tpyo, has returned from the Fugct  Sound after an absence of some time.  He says that he will now remain in the  Terminal City for the rest of hi.s life.  "Billy" intends to Invest to a considerable extent In real estate, as he says  this will be one of the greatest cities  of the west within a very few years.  What our old friend does not know  about solid towns���well It's not woith  knowinc  The Retail Clerk's Association will  give an "at home" on Tuesday night  in the O'Brien hall to their friends. A'  most enjoyable time is looked forward  to. -  Pelfwlll Is so ardent and active that  lt will break a world to pieces to mako  a stool to slf on.���Cecil.  i\y-  j 1  ''I:  ���A  m  ���li  ii'  ���i  lii  ' I',  J11  A\  ��� I !  God is the arm, Chance is the sling,  Man is the pebble. How are you to resist, once flung?���Victor Hugo.  .     ,1  L.'JUJ-HHI,H  -LHIWEW.  rt  ��� (   tl'  fjlp"KHWT'Ii'jnf^i"mn|^i1^1'1''1 p��ii^i^WTTntfn'T^',*Tr"VY>^  fM TilE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY  FEBRUARY M, IMS  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY IN THE INTERESTS OF THE MASSES  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT     OP     FLACK     BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET. VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A w-ek. 5 cents: month, 15 cents; thrc  months, 33  cents;  six months,  63 cents;  ��ne yeur, SI.25.  ENDOIISRD RY TIIK TRADES AND  LAI-iOR COUNCIL* TUB VANCOl*.  VER LABOR PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be had  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY  ....  I-'KIUtUARY 14, 1003  So much talk Is going on these days  about building mon- transcontinental  railroad?. Could nm the government  extend its own road, llie Intercolonial,  to the coast?  The resolution iidoptcl hy the late  convention of the Krotherhood of Lo-  c-omoiivi. Firemen looking toward the  establishment of a federation of all the  different ellipses of labor lu thf railroad ^el-vic'e Is to be roninu'ni'.c! as a  step  in   the  right  di.-ei-llnn.  France iins cmu-ted a lav.' foi bidding  working girls from remaining in workshops during rln- luncheon houi-. The  churches of Pari? .ire preparing to establish restaurants where the girls affected by Ihe law* may rest and refresh  themselves during llu-lr noon respite.  The Victoria Times and other daily  paper" are discussing the "political situation." It would pay some of them  to import a couple oi lawyers 'from  Philadelphia io help them out. The .solution for the whole thins; is lhat  adopted hy the I'rovincial Progressive  Party.  A little four-page paper called the  Picket ooniL-s fiom Toronto, issued by  three unions, the Iron .Moulders, the  Metal Polishers, and the Stow Mounters' Unions, lis .mission is to remind  us thai Gurney Foundry Co. stoves aro  unfair. The Toronto unionist" are  stayers.  opposed to the establishing of Indus  tries in our midst? The fact of the  matter Is that this Is only a red herring  drawn across the trail or lhe real Issue.  All will admit that the people of Vancouver made this property as valuable  as il is. and that the city is the right  fill owner of It. Attorney-General Eberts has said that the Island Is worth  $1)0,000. A survey taken of li soin"  time ago shows that 11 would contain  after being built up about twelve lures  of land, or In other words, about half  a mile of water front in the best harbor in the wiirhl. The rlty has now a  law suit on with the C. P. R. to obtain  the street ends, the value of whlcli Is  in no i-omparlson to that nf the island  in iiui-stioii. Tin- city Is remiss In Its  duty if It does not enti-r .in emphatic  protest against tills huge political job.  If the Islnnd must be g'.wn away, why  not let thc rlty have it, even If the city  must buy it-.' The city then would be  in a position to dictate terms to those  using it and tax the property for what  it Is worth. The citizens then could  decide to what use the properly could  b<* :>ut.  In spile of deaths in tt-.o senate? which  ���occur thick and fiisi among the old  members of thai body.'-there ar.* still  two mill over ninety. Wnrl: and Dickey,  fix over eighty, and fourteen over  ���evonty years. Wark is the oldest leg-  .-lator in the Rrliis'i empire, aud enters on his hundredth year on the Will  inst.  The Independent is in receipt of a  copy of iho proceedings of lhe twenty-  second annual convention of the American Federation of Labor at Now Orleans. The matters referring to "Irniie  .Jurisdiction," '���Oin.-idbiii affairs," and  the growth of the movement in Ununited States and Canada are detailed,  nnd very inteiest ing. In the ������socialist  vote" it is noted all the old reliablos  voted "nay."  The American Labor Union lias invaded Canada. A charter from the A.  L. U. has been issued to the bartenders  ot Fernle, U. .C. It is pointed nut lhat  the new A. L. II. unions in Canada  may form a strong adjunct to the purely "Canadian" trades congress, formed  in Rei'lln, Ont., last September, but  this i? not so. As the A. L. U. Is revo-  lutionaiy socialistic. Wh'lc the "nationalists" arc the very opposite.���Shoe-  workers* Journal.  The Doadninn's island deal is again  _DeforeTlic_iiutill&���Fo"r"tlie-rrlends-aiid  supporters of Mr. Ludgate to put forward a." an argument why this very  valuable pkfv of lhe public's prqporly  sliouhl be given away, lhat It would  support 4,000 or -3M0 peoplo, is nothing  if not venal, ll Is line llie "full dinner  pall" rallying cry lakes with sonic  peopl" who carry their brains In llieir  stomachs rather than In their heads.  Whoever  heard  "!' anybody   wb"  was  "AUSTRALIA'S MISTAKE."  Some lime ago we publl.-hed u short  account of Dr. Montague's lecture on  the Australian Commonwealth. That  gentleman said Australia's parliament  was called the house of representatives  and their senate is elective. They  frankly followed the United States  model and avoided the Canadian example. Already .Queensland has talked  of secession, because In that state there  is a great cam- sugar industry, made  profitable by the importation of negro  labor from lhe Solomon islands. Tho  commonwealth has passed nn educational act. whidi practically excludes  these Solomon Islanders. The cry ls  for ".i while man's Aust-.-.lla." The  foiegoing is a couple of points commented on hy the Sydney Worker, one  of lhe ablest leform papers published  in the liritish empire. It sa.vs: "Our  Canadian contemporary and its Dr.  .Montague aiv both mistaken. At the  federal convention, flic Canadian constitution was pitted against the American consiilution all through In almost  every particular. This papor in many  instances preferred the Canadian constitution and said so continuously.  Hut The Independent need not trouble  about secession���lhat is impossible;  sugar growing Is profitable with white  labor���that is aliv.uly proven. If it  were not, wo don'l warn it at the expense' of mixture wllh inferior races.  Of course it ls absurd for the king to  have seven voices with one governor-  general and six governors. XVe will*  alter that.���Ed."  Tin*: HAriPKi: memorial.  The ilnipcr memorial comniiltec of  Ottawa have sent a circular letter to  sciilpt'-rs in lhe United Slates and  Canada, asking Iliem lo compete in Lhe  erection of a suitable monument to cost  S3H00. It will ho remembered that the  laic Henry Albert Harper,, M. A., 2S  yeais of age, lost his life on December  6, 11101���three days beforo hit birthday,  ihe day when the funeral took place-  in an effort lo save Miss Bessie Einlr,  daughter of Hon. Mr. Blair, from  drowning In tho Ottuwu river. All  models must be submitted by March  :,lsf next. The incidents surrounding  this great act of heroism are fresh In  tho minds of everyone, and .needs only  to be mentioned. The young lady and  companion had skated into a swift current "ouynnd the ice. Being a good  swimmer and (hiding thnt they were  already too far from the edge of the  lc.".', and seeing that the only assistance  which he could render was to plunge  into Hie water himself, with the hope  of effecting a rescue, Jlr. Harper throw  off his overcoat, coat and gauntlets,  and, answering to a warning not to  conic .in, "What else can  I do?"  took  a ahori hip on the ice ami plunged inio the river, swimming directly toward  .Miss Mali*. Tlieir bodies were rccov-  oicd, on lhe day following, not far from  each other. Any additional suhsciip-  tions to tlie monument will be thankfully received by the secretary, II. A.  liuibridge, CUlawn. ���  Measures, not men, have always been  niy  mark.���floldsnilth.  ++4K>4***4K>+'<*'<HKl><>+<> ���������������������������������������������*���  >  ->  >  >  ���>  ���>  9  9  P��     EL.0      12 Bte'W BR". HL H J  Tbe Jeweler and   Diamond   Merchant      2  ,, fOR. 0RANVIL..f": AND HASTINGS SIGHTS. |  J *���   Official Watch Inspector of the C. P. R. 4  ^������^������������������������^���^������������^ �����������������������������������.���������������  Thore isn't a tiling in lhe cutlery lino "carcoly bin jou'll Iind in  our stock. Our cutlery department Is a very complete one���the  slock a.s conipH'lienslv-j as you'll Iind anywhere���aud as lowprlced  loo.   It is by no means ni'lde line���not 11 lilt of It.  Perhaps you aro interested In those KIIUIT K.\I\*I*:S. They  como in cases of half a dozen i-,��ch. Tho Dialed knives run from $1  to $100 por half dozen. The solid silver knives ami those with pearl  handles of course ara higher.  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  A Cry Hnby Howl.  Ontario is certainly going protection  crazy. Type & Press, a trade publication produced In Toronto, wants the  government to put 11 tariff of ,25 per  cent, on Sunday papers and magazines coining tnto Cnnadii, because, as  the Canadian publishers oliilm on- million a yonr goes to American publishers for printing and advertising that  s-liould bo kept In Canada. If  ever there was a great big cry  have yet to hoar of it. Canada bus a  population of five million. United  States has a population of 75 million  Canadian publishers have the same  snow to break into lhe United States'  market ibat American publishers hnve  to flood the Canadian market. There  Is no duty cither way. The only dif-  feience Is that where the American  inibllshu- has one chance to find n  reader In Canada the Canadian publisher should have 15 chances In United States-. When people with a percentage like that stprt whining for  more it Is time to reach for the axe.���  The paystreak.  Vancouver and the Chinese.  In liritish Columbia the feeling on the  Chinese question is so strong that anyone who Is a candidate for ollice is as' a  matter of course and policy in sympathy with it, and so in the late election all three candidates made this  lhelr prominent feature to recommend  them lo the electorate. It has been so  In the past. Such a, convenience has  this question become for fighting elections on, that the politicians of both  the provincial and dominion parliament would be surry to part with it,  and so it comes about that tliere is a  good deal of mock heroics pul on to  the hoards, and such legislation as is  passed Is only passed on the understanding that it Is neither good or effective, and will not settle, but only agitate the question. By failing to elect  Foley, Vancouver has practically acquiesced in this arrangement, and in  so far as that failure was brought  about by dlssentlon among the labor  people, it Is to be deplored.���Tho Winnipeg Voico.  +$.��,. ����f a 99 .��� 4>4):--+94)-.���-99  f  i  t.  t  i  ���  ���  DRYSDALE'S  170   Cordova     St.,    Vancouver.  We reach wherever the mails  reach. 9  Politics Thore.  When 11 politician in Hritlsh Columbia has nothing 10 say it is as well  not to classify him. The safe course is  to leave him to do that himself.' .The  crux of the situation lies in'the fact  tliat tho majority of the members or  the house do not want a general election just yet. Tho.complexities ot the  political situation will furnish a suf-  tlclcnt number of them with an excuse  to keip the government In power, In-  oupablo though it may be or passing  measures necessary to the welfare of  the coutnry. The public may as well  curb its fancy, watch and wait for developments. Our opinion is the same  as Uiat ol- our sage contemporary,  which sees lhe cloven hoof of politics  in everything. XVe are curtain tliere is  politics in the legislature.���Victoria  Times.  I.'nionlsni ("Irowlng.  li continues lo excite our wonder  that intelligent, men or attain; In  some cases favor llie idea tliat tli2  pre-enl labor movement has reached  Its limit .and will go the way ot former  movements. As a mutter of fact the  present form of trade unions has passed but little beyond its llrst stages and  will continue to progress. Trade unionism is us truly a part of o;u- Industrial  life as are combinations of capital.  IJut.li will live and continue to pi ogress,  but will be governed more ln futuie,  as more amjcable relations continue to  grow, by the knowledge that their interests are reciprocal.���Shoe Workers'  Journal.  Trusts Pad for Labor?  Certainly tliu trust is the economic  method of proiluctioln and'distrlbutlnn,  but It '.s just possible that it ls too economic, that is to say, that It drives  men into idleness and by Increasing the  labor market, makes it almost impossible to Increase wages. And then  again, If wages arc Increased by Iho  tiust. the public are not only compelled  to pay lh" increase, but much more.  There aro those who. argue that (ho  trust is a good thing ^for labor, hut we  know lhat II i-J m>: sn.���Shoe Woritcrs'  .louriial.  ~pli-!tunllstlo.  What a wonderful country this Is,  anyway! Thoy have discovered In Vancouvor thut t'hrls. Foley Is a splrilit.il-  ist and au unlit man to become a member of the Dominion parliament. Our  impression has always been that many  or lhe present members are quite fond  of spirits.���Canadian Socialist.  Step at a Time.  Soi ialists who oppose step-at-a-tlinc  reforms are not the best friends or socialism. Work Tor any reform you  choose; and when tho people endorse it,  keep on working ror another. You'll  get socialism sooner In that way than  99*"*'99'��"m'99'm' ���'$$'���"���'$$'���"���'������  rfsxj  We have finished taJiing-'stock and are now-prepared to start the Spring  business with u rush. We have placed a great quantity of our new Clothing  In stock, and can truthfully qay that our range of styles, is immensely greater than we have ever shown before. Many of thq patterns are , exclusive.  The fit nnd workmanship nre perfect, having been made specially to our order by-the leading maker ot tailor-made garments ln Canada. The materials  used are Imported serges, worsteds and tweeds, also Canadian worsteds and  tweeds, und the prices are unequalled when.quality Is considered. They run  from -J!12 to $22. Come and have a look at them before making up your mini  wliere to buy your suit. ,  CLUBR   &   STEWART,  Telephone 702.  309 to 315 Hastings St. W.  IS-  by waiting for a revolution.-  Socialisl.  -Canadian  Almost Victorious.  Chris. Foley, of liritish Columbia, has  had his second shot at the Dominion  house of commons, and a second time  barely missed. Or perhaps that ls not  the best way to put II. A second time  he has led a la'bor host to the polls and  almost to victory. The principles Mr.  Foley stands lor are principles that are  going to be wrought more or less into  the liro> or the west. Each of the two  constituencies which have so nanrly returned Mr. Foley should, after the next  general election, be represented by n  labor member.���Winnipeg Tribune.  PURE POLITICS.  The cry of the Canadian papers, says  the Toronto Moon, for pure politics  in Canada, is absurd. How can  wc possibly have pure politics in Canada when we still have subsidies to  give away. Canadian papers ure fond  of calling our attention to English politics as a model. This Is all very'well,  but It is also well to remember that  England is an old country, in which all  special privileges, or subsidies are unknown. In England, what is tliere to  induce a man'to be dishonest in politics? Nothing. Everything there has  been given away, or stolen, ages ago.  In Canada, wo have a different state  of affairs. The country is new. Only  about hair of our birth-right has been  given away; so until the other half  shall have been given, or stolen, we  must be" content with our system of  thieving. The howls of our daily press  are produced by ignorance alone.  How Is that we hear the loudest yelps  for liberty from the drivers of slaves?  ���Dr. Samuel Johnson.  There is more serfdom In England  now than at any time since the Conquest.���Lord Uoaeonsfield.  Soldiers  in -peace  are  like  chimneys  in  .summer.���Lord  Burghley.  UNION  BAKERIES.  \V. J). fMuir, Mount Pleasant,.  Kohl.    McDonald,   Avenue  Bakery,  Westminster Avenue.  Montreal Bakery, Westminster avenue.  V.    Adams.   Scotch Bakery, Hastings street.  W. I). Kent, 56 Cordova street.  ���ToTimrfT"Canily"Conip;i?iiy7"Corilova"  ���J. Olit'ii. Hastings street,  street,.  Miudicn Co.,  Granville street.  Barnwell  Bros.,  Granville slreet,.  M. McMullen,  Granville street.  Ilewton Bakery, Hastings- street.  W.    JIurray,     Fifth avenue, Mount  Pleasant.  Non-union List.  .1. Dodson, Hastings street. .  F. ��� W.  BA11TLE.  Secretary Local  Union "No.  '1G,  Vancouver,  li. C.  Hum,  Cambie street.  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  , Dan Stewart, Cordova street.  Clubb & Stewart, Cordova street.  W. Murphy, Cordova 6treet.  McRae & McDonald, Hastings street,  east.  E. Larson, Hayings Street.   *  J. Carrelll, Cordova atreet.  Blmon & Co., Cordova street  Johnson & Higgins, Cordova street.  S. McPherson, Cordova Btreet.  WHAT'S THE USE  of hurrying about buying Life Insurance so many men think and say. At  least two strong reasons aro: Go od health is uncertain; Increased coBt ia  certain.  What's thc uso of waiting might bettor be said!  UNION MUTUAL   POLICIES  may bo depended upon to protect throughout tha varying experiences    of  human life, to faithfully guanl tho interests    of the     insured, and to bo  promptly cashed when they become payable.    Values and privileges abound  und   aro   conveniently   available.   Dotailed facts gladly furnished.  After three years the Union Mutual Policies do not txcome void by falluro  to pay premiums, tho Main Non-Forfeiture. Law without action of ths  Policy-holder, continuing the Insurance for a Specified length of time.  it  I l  ' t  I t  i I  i I  O,  <���  <���  <���  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo ���:  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  COLIN CAMERON, Special Agent.  ��� ��������������� ��������������������������� 0900999 ��������������<����<��������<  CORNER   HASTINGS   AND     CAMBIE  STREETS,   VANCOUVER.   '  New, modern and strictly first-clasB;  good sample rooms; free 'bus. Week  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. m., lunch  12 m. to 2 p. m., dinner, 6 to'8 p. m.  Sundays���Hrcakfast 7:30 to 10:30 " a.  in., lunch 12:30 to 2 p. m., dinner, 0:301  to 7:30 p.'ra. Rates $2 and upwards  per day. HAYWOOD & TRESCOTT,  Proprietors.  Tbe B>ocigall House  310-312 ABUOTT STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Restaurant and Bar. Breakfast G to  10, merchants' lunch 11 to 2, 25c; dinner S to 8, 25c: lunches put up: eastern and Olympian oysters; short orders , a specialty at all hours;  meal tickets ti; best 25c. meal in . tlio  city.     D. BURTON, Proprietor.  The"  ���  ���c  310   SEYMOUR  STREET,  VER.  VANCOU-  Havlng tho only up-to-date grill room  in British Columbia, which in itself Is a  guarnutco of a first-class hotel and restaurant. Business Men's LUN.CH, from  12 m. to 2:30 p. ni., only 25 conts.  CORNER   CORDOVA   AND   CARRALL  STREETS,   VANCOUVER.  Makes a specialty of Dewar.'s special  Ilfjucur, also Usher's black label liqueur  whiskey. Largo stock of "Imported and  domestic. cigars. Finest billiard and  pool tables. R.     B.    MULLIGAN &  CO.,  Proprietors.  GEO. HAY  ^^ Vnncoiivcr's    Pioneer    Clothes      A  ^r Ki*miYHtur, makes a suit new.     ,���  7 Dyeing end Repairing. ^  Am SIC Cambie St., Vancoovek.        A  I if 1H1  From Their nnnnimo,houthflcld and  Protection Iflund lolllerlos,  Steam,  Cias  and  House Coal  Of the Following Grades:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of tho Mine,  Washed Nut and  Screening*.  SAMUEL M. BO BINS, Superintendent,  EVANS COLEMAN & EVANS, Agent*  ���Vancouver City, B. C,  Meeting.  F. O. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE, No. ��,  meets Wednesday evenings; vlsltlnfl  brethren welcome.    Bert Parsons, W.  P.: J. G. Ure, W. B., Arcade.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injurv  Health when you usr  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it. .  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  Ai Mb, ifi  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  rioeoaeooeeoeoea  DELICIOUS WINE  Mams Exclusively fbom B. C. Fruit.  FKE8H CUT FLOWERS.   UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGAKS.  When making n trip around tho,  l'ark callon  | ,W. D. Jones ^Kr  oo aoeossoaosedaoaooesc  *vvfS:PA:C^l^i;crv  LBNE  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RA1CS.  BEST SERVICE  Transcontinental Passenger Train  leaves dnlly nt l-l o'clock.  Seattle and Whatcom Express leaves  dully  at 8:50  o'clock.  STEAMSHIPS  TO   JAPAN   AND   CHINA.  EMPHESS OP CHINA      ...  .     l>l-'i;    ,  EMPHESS OP INDIA    HFC.   a  TAKTAlt   IAS.   I  TO  HONOLULU,   FIJI   iSLAN'l.S   AND  AUSTRALIA. '  S.S.     AORANGI   _  S.S. MOANA   MIOWERF.      _:  HKO   12  ,1 \N      9  i'En. 6  And every four weeks therenfii.r.  For full particulars as to time, rate*,  etc., npply to  a J. COYLB,' JAflL SCLATBR.  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent.  Vanoouver, R C.    433 Hastings St  i Vanoouver, B.C,  IV  ci   !i %' ft   III    ' .1  SATURDAY  .FEBRUAUY tt, 1903'  THE INDEPENDENT;  iiiii  UTTERS TO,THE EDITOR.,.  .  .PROVINCIAL., MINING "���'.XSSOCIA-''  TIONT. *  To the Editor of The Ikdetrsdest :  . Sir,���It will perhaps interest *you to  learn that the movement to organize  a Provincial Mining Association Is  meeting with very great success, and  that local organisation has been effected to date at .the, following- -places:  Revelstoke, Nliioln Lake, Lillooet, Clinton, Horsefly, Kelthly, Fort Steele, Texada, Ashcroft, .Lnc l.i Hache, Bullion,  ���Qucsnel Lake, Harpers' Camp, Aspen  Grove, Camp Mc.Kinney, Cowlchan, J5tt  Mile. QueBtiel Forks,' Saanlch. Others  are organizing,.but In one or two places  the effort Iins been criticized on the  ���grounds that the objects arid aims of  the association are selfish. This criticism Is the result entirely of ignorance, for, as a matter of fact, the objects of the association have iiot yet  been stated, and it will remain with the  convention to outline a policy and determine upon wlint sleps will be taken  to endeavor to bring about an Improvement In conditions und promote., the  welfare of the mining industry ot tho  ���province. In fact, all that the "present  provincial executive committee Is attempting to do is to bring together a  representative  body  of    men,    chiefly  ,i* * ,      .       .  i '  practical miners,    to -.discuss , among  ' themselves the needs of the, mining industry. At n meeting of the committee  last week  it occurred   to  them    that,  ��� as Victoria has taken the matter up so  enthusiastically and has enrolled so  large a number of members, if this cily  appointed delegates according to the  number of Its membership roll It might  be able to dominate the meeting; consequently, a resolution was passed limiting the number of delegates' appointed to attend the convention from Victoria and Vancouver to 20 respectively.  That is an excellent motto, "In union  there is strength;" and will you inform  your readers that ihis is really the  whole Idea cf this scheme. Let us all  unite together for the common good.  Yours faithfully,  H. MORTIMER LAMB, Secretary.  ���Victoria, B. C, Feb. 11, 11)03.  Mil.,WATSON SPEAKS.  To the Editor of Tub Imifit-Sdesi:  Sir,���-It is ruther amusing to notice in  last week's Independent a.plea for harmony in the trades council of this city.  r"h1s should have bp^n preached by you  previous to election day and previous  to the endorsation of a candidate of  the disgrunted llberal-tory-labor combination by a minority of that body.  The harm is done; the split Is there.  And all who cry peace now* are foolish  ���for there Is no peace. The prominent  ment among those who cast their lot  ln with the llberal-tory-labor candidate  and worked so sedulously for Win are  too small-minded to cry peace. Their  cry is "ciuclfy him, crucify'him," and  well they might, because the late election defeated .the greatest combination  under the guise of a labor party yet seen  on tills coast. Thirteen hundred conservative votes saved the alleged labor  candidate from . losing* Ills deposit,  bringing my words true that the workingmen, know very llule of politics yet.  This should teach them that If they  want politics, they must-have a machine, too. Hut to gain the conservative vote they had to barter away  their birthright In the coming provincial campaign; that Is, they liud to sell  lhelr Independence In provincial affairs  in Older to gain the support of tho conservatives, in llu- lute dominion clec-  ���llnn. Hon' is a fine state of things!  Do working men of this city know  ���wli.it that means? Do (hose union.1,,  whose delegates voted for the late en-  "dorsation in 'the trades council, intend  ithnl they should be sold to any party,  for their action on that occasion. 1 sny  ~rno;_and-l-\vni-n~you���members of-thc  ���various unions, that you are being sold  body-rand soul-by the party heelers  who organized tbe late so-called labor  campaign and who have you in their  cliitches and will exact'thclr pound of  flesh, unless you rise In your might and  cost from you the shaekcls being Ingeniously fettered upon you. A compact bns been mnde between the var  lous factions forming llie disgrunted  llberal-tory-labor committee to hacri  lice the Independence or the worker hi  the coming provincial elections, which  must be stamped out. If this Is not  done 1 warn you lhat I will stump the  city In opposition to the candidate !��������  Ieeted, provided everything Is not done  fair and above board. If you want labor candidates let them be selected in  OUR CIVIC SOLONS.  a ��  ��� Overall Clothing ?  o  9  ift  ���ft  9  ift  9  ���ft  9  ft  9  ft  9  '9  9  9  9  a  ft  9  ft  9  'ft  9  ft  9  9  9  0  9  0  9  0  9  0  0  e  e  ���  0  longest and ���  Stands Every Test.  The  renl  test of    Overalls    Is  wea r.  Those  that   last  never rip ni-*1    the   cheapest  io ���  buy and ihe best to wear. a  UNION HI'AND OVERALLS o  are the most durable, therefore ft  the most economical. They are ���  made of the best material, cut, ��  sewed, and leinforced by experl- S  enced Union Labor. *  LOOK FOK OUR BRAND  ON THB TICKET.  -Tlfli-  (I.l.MITED.)  MAU'ft BLOCK, WINNIPEG, MAN.  the  proper  way,  or, else * not 'at nil.*  .    ;     '    '-   t f  And above all tlilngs,,\lon*,t~piit children nt the head of labor affairs whu  will cry at the lenst thing th.it docs  not please them. Thc late election  brought out many traits of character,  especially the childishness and weakness of Intellect of many of those'engaged Iu It" who ery and" pout like a  lusty-lunged overgrown baby if they  can't get Just whut they wnnt. If you  hit, you must expect to get lilt back;  and if you can't take your medicine,  get out and lei somebody do lt who" Is  able. 'Did anyone ever see such sniall  mlndedness as was exhibited   by the  Building Trades council at Its bust ses-  IX ,r  slon?    Such,a want  of  manhood  has  rarely; been exhibited''in our union  movement us was displayed iri the resolution passed by them concerning the  Province newspaper. It I.s appalltngtto  think of such shallowness. Be men  above all things, and don't make yourselves the laughing stock of the dominion. If you people would take as "much  Interest in your labor paper in supporting ll as you do In denouncing the Province you would be doing a eommend-  able thing. But to show your utter-  lack of sense and jiidginent.-you condemn the Piovlnce for doing what you  don't want, and you starve your llMt  paper because It does exactly what you  want it to do. This election Is driving  you out ot your mind.:If you were made  suckers-and look the bait, why grin  and bear it like men. Let it be a lesson to you that when you bring out  another labor candidate let hlni he one  pure and "simple, with no side dishes  appending. You have by your late action done three things (I-refer, to the  labor candidate pushers in the trades  council): you havo shown labor's own  weakness; you have shown the senselessness of the lory management in allowing its wild-pullers to take part;  and you 'have demonstrated the fnct  that the liberal party in this city I.s  strong enough to bent all combinations  which may como along. Realize thi.s.  and pei'haps you won't get it swelled  head. Yours truly. .1. H. WATSON.  Vancouver. Feb. 10, l!)0:i.  TAILOI1S'  LABEL.  To lhe Editor of The lsnKrK.SDE.vr.  Sir.���Sonic lime ago 1 was Informed  that all iho tailoring linns published in  The Independent were fair to organized  labor,* and so accordingly 1 ordered a  suit from one bf them. When It was  made I saw that It did not bear the  label and learned fiom the lalior that  because he did misemploy a journeyman he was deprived from using the  label, although he himself was an old  union man and made.the suit, .and wns  on the fair lisl of'the tailois. I consider this an injustice not only to myself as a union man, but aim to the  tailor doing business a.s a recognized  union shop. I would,suggest that this  be remedied, or else the tailors will lu  looked upon as discriminating in a,  mosl unfair manner.  __       J. M. JfACLAREN.  Vancouver,- Feb. 1.1,  IPO'S. .*  - HARMONY NECESSARY.'  Sir,���1 wns delighted to read in your  Issiio~la.';l~\veek~airarticle~headed "Harmony N'eecssiny." The.labor unions of  this city ns well as elsewhere have a  nobler mission than that of dirty politics. I was a supporter of Jlr. Chris.  Foley, and did all I could for his election. Al the same lime, because there  were llifse In our unions who could not  see lhelr way clear to do likewise, I  was willing that they should be their  own judges as to how they should vote,  and saw mulling lo light over In the  union about It. The election Is all over,  .ind I for one nm willing lo let b.vgoucs  lie bygones, and gel down lo business  and luivi; a ii'i'ord year as, to the big  things we can do towards Increasing  tiie popularity and usefulness of the  unions. 1 ���hope ih^ trades and l.-.boi  council will approve of this Idea, and  slart right In making airangenients for  labor day and paying off the debt on  Union hall.. L. MACLEAN.  Vancouver. B. C, Feb. 9, 1H03.  When you want to hire a flnt-clui  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  Hvery stables.  Telephone 125.  **��������������������������������������������������������  An exchange snys the union men of  Galcsbuig, 111., made up a purse of $300  and presented It to the' editor of the  Labor News. Now a whole "bunch" of  labor editors wish they lived In Gales-  burg.  At last meeting of the city council  Aid. Macpherson allied' if contracts  were entored Into with the successful  tenderers.  i The. -Mayor���Always,���' excepting a  couple of years ago there were none  entered Into with yie printers.  Aid. 'Jlacpherson���I'll look Into some  of these contracts.  FORESHORE PRIVILEGES.  ��� At last Monday night's .meeting of  the city council the report of the board  of works recommended the grant of  certain foreshore pi-Ivillges at Codar  Cove to D..JIi;Nair for mill purposes.  Aid. Jlacpherson moved an amendment to thc report, peconded Dy Aid.  Jloiton, as follows:  "That this council, while offering l.o  opposition to .the granting of the application to Mr. D. McNalr, referred to  In the "letter ot the hon. minister of  marine and" fisberles, respectfully recommend to the minister that, in glinting- this and other like application*,  waterfront rights should not be al:��n-  lated entirely from the crown, but  granted on lease at a nominal i out,  subject to municipal taxation,- and' for  industrial purposes only; and that if  and when sut'h property ceases to be  used for siich purposes, then all the  rights granted should cease and terminate -and the property should then  revert to the crown."  Aid., Jlacpherson said be had no objection to establishing industries���no  man had���but he thought .that It was  t'he wish of the committee when it had  the matter before it for consideration,  that 'the city's interests shoud be protected. The cheap argument of some  aldermen that this was- to be a bona  fide industry, and, therefore, should be  given a crown grant, was not in the  best Interests of *t'he city. If Mr. McNalr got a crown grant as usked for  he would not be liable to the city. This  was the only country he knew of that  gave away foreshore rights.'  Aid. Morton said that they should not  give away everything holus bolus, because the thing asked *for was alleged  to be In the interests of the building up  of Industry. Thctttfthe aldermen) were  only trustees for tlfffljublic. He agreed  with the mover of tlie amendment.  Aid. Cook said'tbat Jlr. McNalr could  not finance tlie thing If.he failed to "gel  thc crown- grant.   .  Aid. Bethune said "that'Mr. McNalr  had ma'de, his application to the government for,thc'foreshores ��� The gov  ei nment iri ' turn .had 'Only, by act of  courtesy referred It to the council. Hi  wanted Mr. Jlaopherson to bring his  proposition up as a,motion later in,the  meeting,,and thus allow JUr. JleNalr's  application to go through -without opposition. '  Aid. Woods was sorry'that Aid. Mnc-  pheison did not introduce his resolution'- at the previous meeting'of'*the  city council when the Deadman's island question was up. He was In sympathy with the proposed amendment,  and would support it.  Aid. McQueen said that these two  things did not stand on the same footing. The Deadman's Island had been  let by the government.  -Vld. Wood���We can enter a protest.  Aid. Brown thought that iu the  amendment moved was the right thing  to do. Tliere should be a time lin.it  put on as��� to when .woik should bi  started. He would support the proposition ot Aid. Jlacpherson.  Aid. McGulgiin wished ,to know if any  covenants were connected with these  foreshore  rlsrhts.  Aid. Bethune. Jlorton and Grant  spoke, when the latter -said that If Aid.  Jlacpherson brought in his amendment  as a. motion later on he would suppoit  it.    Aid. Jlacpherson declined.  Ex-Ald._Jlct:eo(lrharbor"inasleiTV.t-k-  ed leave lo speak. He Irrfo.'.ned the  council that ho hud received a similar  letter from the government a.s the one  the council received. It was regarding  the Interruption to navigation thc locating of this mill might have. When  he was at Ottawa last year he saw all  the applications for foreshore privileges  on Durrani Inlcl. The government iy.is  opposed to ciown grants, and he did  not think that any one had a crown  giant, excepting tho C. P. R., on lhe  Inlet. There was no crown 51-11 nlr. s>  far as ho knew.  Aid. Jlacpherson knew that lh- i-mv-  einment had senl the coiiiiuuiiicritioii to  tho harbor master heie and also ,lo  Capt. C'riiudln at Victoria. Tinvo wei^  thousands of dollars spent by applicants for foreshore rights, and the gov.  ci nment gave full value, for the nioney.  If the council recommended tti.it the  lands be granted under the leases system, and thut a rental be paid for  them, and that the city should get  taxes on such property, ,they jvould be  looking after the city's  interests.  Aid. Grant���How would this work if  a whaif were built Instead of a mill?  Is a wharf an industry?  Aid. Jlacpherson���That's nothing to  do with  the  present case. ,  r. p. bishop,  728 Pendr Street.  It la a little early yet to talk about  Wall Paper, but I want the people to  know that I am now opening up the  finest stock of Wall Paper that ever  came into'this province. Of course we  have not received our full line, but  have enough to please most anyone,  and we are going to ocrntlnue to sell  these beautiful 1903 coloring and patterns at the reduced rate until the busy  season opens. Anyone wanting Wall  Paper or work of tbat kind lt will pay  them to buy new, even If you hold It  over for a month or so. Ours is a  Union Shop, always has been and always will be. Room moulding to  match all papers. Agents for the province for white enamel letters for  signs. KalBominlng, painting, etc., and  all work guaranteed.  TO OUT OP TOWN' CUSTOMERS 1c  is always a pleasure to send samples.  Drop u postal card'stating price, color,  which room or rooms, size, whether 9  or 18 Inch border, required. We will do  the rest.  Union Directory.  THE' VANCOUVER" TRADES ANI>  Labor Council meets first and third  Thursday in each month, at 7.30 p.m-  President; W. J. Lamrick; vloe-presHent.  Geo. Dobbin; secretary, F. J. Russell; financial secretory, J. L. Lilley; treasurer,  T. H. Harrington; sergeant-at-arms, J. C.  Kerr; statistician, J. H. Perkins; trustees, MeBsra. Pound, Cross and Thompson; executive committee, Messrs. Georg��  and Gothard.  V.  ,9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  EVERY KIND  ��� 1 - ���  j Job Printing Done \  SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY.  ��� Independent  Printing  Co'y  BASEMENT, FLACK BLOCK, VANCOUVER.  TEAM DRIVERS' INTERNATIONAL  UNION, No. 409���Meets lst and 3rd  Wednesday In each month in Union Hall.  President, J. C. Kerr; vice-president, 8.  Cawkcr; sec.-trcas., D. Mclvcr; rec sec.,  E. Bridge; correspondent, P. Topham;  warden, A. B. Soaper; conductor, J. Little;'trustees, C. B. Hlgglnson, R: Haywood and A. Robinson; delegates to* T. fc  L. Council, J. J. Harrison, A. E. Soapor,  Geo. Dunlop, J. C. Kerr and C. B. Mg-  ginson.  SHIRT WAIST AND LAUNDRY  WORKERS' UNION, No. 103.���Mccta  every ind and 4th Thur-bday ln each  month ln Union Hall. President. R. N.  Hogg; corresponding secretary, Wallace  Sharp, 1119 Richards St.; financial secretary. .Mr. Lee; treasurer, P. Young; delegates to Trades and Labor. . Council,  Meiers. Hargle, Coltart, Lee and Hogg.  WAITERS AN'D WAITRESSES' UNION  :Locol No. 28. President, Charles Over;  vice-president, A. N. Herriiigton; secr��-  tary-tre��suicr,, .1. H. Perkins; recording  secretary. Miss A. Scuitto; Press agent,  \V. Ellender. Meeting o\ery second Friday evening at 8..I0 o'clock in Union  Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmuir streets  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OP CA3t-  PENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday ln Union  hall, room No. 2. President, A. E. Coffin;  vice-president, Joseph Dixon; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin; financial secretary, J. M. Sinclair; treasurer, J. Ferguson; conductor, G.* Flngley; warden, G.  H. Blair; delegates to the Trades and  Labor council, R. Macpherson, J. M.  Sinclair, Geo. Dobbin, Jos. Dixon, Geo.  Adams; delegates to thc Building Trades  Council, M. McMullen, Levi C. DeWoIfe.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OP BLACK-  SMITHS, Vancouver Union, ,No. 151.���  ..Meets the first and third Monday in each  month at- S p. ni.'} in Union hall, Homer  street. President, A. A. Bigg, vice-president, G. XV. Smart; financial secretary,  Chas. McAllister; recording secretary, D.  Robinson, box 37, Vancouver, B. C; delegates to tho Trades and Labor council,  William Latham, 33. Robinson, H. Howard.  Aid. Woods���What did we get for the  :Heatley wharf?  ��� His Worship the Mayor���Nothing.  The amendment was carried on the  following vote;  Ayes���McGuigan, Wood, Jlacpherson  Brown, Morton and JIcQueen��� ti.  Nays���Bethune, Grant, Cook and Wilson���1.    . .  COJIPET1TION BREEDS DISHONESTY.  What do coal .invoices prove?- W'hat  do invoices ot merchandise'prove? The  question is prompted by the assertions  of certain coal dealers that thpy can  piove they paid exorbitant i.r>es for  coal at tlie mines. Maybe the dealers  can. But we would take no invoices as  proof. ' And why? Because the coal  could be Invoiced to Buffalo ar any  figure the London dealer desired. Take  all classes of merchandise. Co:- example.  In seven cases out of ten the goods are  accompanied by two invoices���one to  show thc public and one to cleat- the  goods at the customs. Are the coal  men above such business practices?  Not much. The people believe the coal  men to be past masters In the nit ot  getting all that is^coming to them.���  London Daily News.  PROVINCIAL PROGRESSIVE  PARTY PLATFORM.  Following is the platform adopted at  the Kamloops convention of the Provincial Progressive Party:  That this party lays It down as a  first principle that they will nominate,  endorse or support only such men as  wlltplaee-their-slgned-undated.-reslg-  nation In the hands of the convention  which nominates or endorses them;  that this resignation be sworn to; that  this resignation may be handed In to  the lieuteniuit-goveinor In council  whenever a majority of the convention  shall consider such action advisable.  1. That we gradually abolish all taxes  on the producer and the products of  tho producer,, shifting them on land  values. 1  2. Government ownership ot railways  and all means of communication.  3. That tlle government establish and  operate smelters and lefinerles to treat  all kinds of minerals.  ���I. That the franchise be extended to  women.  G. The abolition of property qualifications for all public ofllces.       _,--) *  6. Farm improvements, implements  and stook not to be taxed, and wild  lands to be assessed at the price asked  for them by speculative holders.  7. No land o'r cash subsidies. Lands  to be held for the actual settler.  8. Ten per cent, of all public lands  to.,be immediately set aside for educational 'purposes and education of all  children up to the age of 16 yoars to  be free, secular and compulsory, text  books, meals and clothin.  piled  out of the  public  funds  where  necessary.  9. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes.  10. Restriction of Oriental immigration by a law on the lines of the Natal  act, and if said law be disallowed, it  be repeatedly re-enacted until the end  sought ls attained.  ,11. That to protect us from Asiatics  already ln the province the government  Insert a clause in ill private acts to  this effect: "This act shall be null and  void if the company fails to enter Into  an agreement with the government as  to conditions of construction and operation," and that the house pass a  resolution- to prohibit the employment  of Asiatics on all franchises granted  by the provincial house.  12. Conservation of our forest riches,  pulp land leases to. contain a provision for re-forestlng so as to produce  a perennial revenue and make pulp  manufacture a growing and permanent  industry.  13. That tlie act compelling the scaling of iogs by government scalers be  enforced.  14. Absolute reservation from sale or  lease of a certain part ot each known  coal area, so that state owned mines,  if- necessary, may be easily possible In  the future. All coal leases or grants  hereafter made to contain a provision  enabling the government to fix the  price of coal loaded on cars or vessels  for shipments to B. C. consumers. _  15. Municipalization and public control of the liquor traffic. ���  16. Thc right to a referendum where  a valuable subsidy or franchise is to  be_conferrcd. . = '- _  17/ That all transportation companies  be compelled to give free transportation to members of the legislative assembly and supreme court and county  judges.  IS. Election day to be a public holiday, and provision made that every  employer shall be free from service at  least four consecutive hours during  polling time.  If ho cannot live so as to he happy,  let us at lcasl live po as to deserve happiness.���Plchte.  The Fiench revolution wns a revolt  igiiinst lies, and ngulnst tlie bctrnynl  I of love.���Ruskin.  If thou sustain Injustice, console thy-  .selt: the true unhappiiioss ls iu dolus  it.���Democrati'S.  To forgive a fault in another is more  sublime than to be faultless one's self.  ���George Sand.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-  TIONAL Union. No. 120���President.  Fred Ifawo; vice-president, J. A. Dib-  ilcn; corresponding-financial secretary, J  A. Stewart, 01 Cordova*St.; recorder.  XV. Hawkins; treasurer, G. Dower; guide,  A. II. Logatt; guardian. A. E. Anderson; delegates to T. &. L. Council, Fred  Hiuvo and 3. Gilinan. Meets first and  third Wednesdays "of 'each month* in .Unto be sup-i ion nail.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  *- P. M��� meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  m. ln Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, J.  XV. Austin; secretary, Alfred 'Raper;  treasurer, A. G. Delghton; conductor,  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patterson. ��� '  CIGARMAKERS' UNION' NO. 337.���  Meets the first Tuesday In each month*  lij Union Hall. President, G. Thomas, Jr.;  vice-presfdont, J. Crow, secretary, J. C.  Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S. XV. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, D. Morrlsey; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, G. Thomas  and O. Mattison.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'lBrlen's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. J; A.  JIurray, president; XV. 3, Lamrick, secretary, SIS Princess street.  BROTHERHOOD OP . PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS, Local Union No. HHS.  Jleets 2nd and 4th Thursday ln Labor  Ilall. President, E. Holland; vice-president,  W.   Halliday;   recording  secretary,  10. Crush, 767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Gothard, S22 Howo  stieet: treasurer, II. MeSorley.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF  Electrical ^Workers. Vancouver Local,  No. 33���Meets second and fourth Wednes- ���  dav ln each month In O'Brien's Hall. President, A.-- JfcDonald; vice-president, J.  Dubberley: recording secretary, S. W.  Huston; financial secretary, H. V. Rankin.  AUXILIARY, NO. 1, LOCAL 213, I. B.  13. W. Telephono Operators���President,  Miss J.* Hunter, 812 Homer Street; vice-  president, Jliss P. Livingstone, 660  Granville Street: recording-secretary,  Jliss J. Browne, S27 Richards Street;  treasurer. Jlifas E. Bcntley, 1121 Seymour Street.  JOURNEYMEN" BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union of,  America. Local No. 4G, Vancouver, B. *  C, meets first and third Thursday in '  each month. President, T. A. Baxter;  vice-president, S. Walker; treasurer: J.  Green; secretary, M. MacLean, 2100 Westminster Avenue. *-r    ;.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION  of Machinists.���Beaver Lodge, No.  182.���Meets second and. fourth Monday in each month in Union hall.  President, Geo. . P. Downey; past  .president, J. R. Edwards; vice.pres-  ident, H. J.:Littler; recordinR secretary, J. H. McVety; financial secre-  .tary,, J. Anderson.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OP  America No. ITS. ��� Jleets lst and Srd  Jlondays In room No. 1, Union Hall. President, C. L. "iVhalen: vice-president, J.  T.~ "Jlortimer;��� recording- secretary;"- F."  Wll'lnms. 1S1-S 7th avenue, west: secretary-treasurer, J. Savage: sergeant-at-arms,  11. Brazeau; ilelecates to Trades & Lalior Council, F. Williams and J. T. Jlor-  luner.  BUILDERS' LABORERS' FEDERAL  UNION, No. Si, Vancouver.���Jleots every 2nd and -Ith Thursday evening at 8  o'clock, in room No. 1 Union Hall. President, J. Sully; vice-president, XV. Lyons;  secretnry, II. Sellers: tieasurer, J. Cosgrove; warden. If. Chapman; conductor,  R. Harrison; delegates to Trades & Labor Council. ,T- Sully. G. Payne. J. Cosgrove and R. Harrison; delegates to  Building Trades Council, J. Sully and J.  Civki-ovc.  VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 320, meet3 the tth JlonOny in  each month at Union Hnll. President,  XV. J. MacKoy; vice-president, G. E.  Pierrot; secietary, W. II. Hunt, P. O.  box cc; ti-casuier, John Watkins; sct^-  gonnt-iil-mms. Jns. Webster; executive  committee. 11. W. King, Kohl. Todd,  Ralph Wilson. A. W. Flmbow: delegates  in Trades * Lnbor Council, Robt. Todd,  Geo. Bartley, Harry Cowan.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Jleets second and fourth Wednesday,  of each month In Sutherland Jlall, corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings  Street at 8 p. m. President, Jas. McGuigan; vice-president, A. G. Elliott;  secretary, M. A. Beach: treasurer, W.  H. Vanderwarker ; conductor, H.  Howes; warden. G. Jlnrtln; sentinel,  D. Smith; delegates to Trades and Labor Council, B. Marshall,-P. C. O'Brien.  Geo. Lenfesty, A.' J. Wilson and Jas.  McGuigan.  '  K ���  ��� !?  i'i  .ii  f'  -.*  h.  ir  .''5 l 1  ���'"' L  Of  y  n.  'iii  f'\  M|  L '  ���Ml  ��1  wBrBi!ieiiiiw��fcfi.Jn��".���� THE INDEPENDENT.  'SATURDAY .. .. FEBRUARY U, 1903  MS OF THE LABOR WORLD  Labor unions at Niagara Falls .will  touild a temple.  The state railroad in Bolivia Is almost completed. >  Tliere ara in Austria "24 unions with  a membership of -16,606.  .Three thousand Chinese carpenters  are on strike In Hong Kong.  B. & O. Ibollcrmakers at Pittsburg,  Pit,, are on strike for more pay.  There are S4.000 men alllllated with  the Chicago Federation ot Labor.  Bakery wagons will not deliver goods  in  Chicago  on  Sunday  hereafter.  New Orleans unions are organising a  civic league and will enter politics.  The Heading railroad will grant no  Increase of w.i.-jes lo Its coudlictois.  Clothing cutters of Philadelphia have  decided to denund an eight-hour day.  IfUmb-.r pliers In the mills of Duluth  are on strike tor an Inciease o[ wages.  The itreei car strike al Providence,  Tl. I., last June cost the stato &13,213.M.  Since last May fourteen new unionb  have been chartered In Spokane, Wash.  Scottish locomoiiw builders have  formed a trust with $13,000,000 capital.  Baker* in Venezuela are suspending  operations because of a scarcity vf  flour.  There are 2.210 unions- in the state of  New York, wllh a total membership of  323,101. "  Heading railway conductors have  asked for more pay and Improved conditions,  Des-Moines, Iowa, horseshoers have  made a successful'demand for a. nine-  hour day.  Reports from the southern states in-  dicxi-te a gratifying growth for organized labor.  A Ptlsburg man, Karl Reuben, has  bequeathed $30,000 for ta labor temple  in that city.  The Sacramento city council has  passed an ordinance eiemlng a. free  labor bureau.  Conductors on the New Haven .ind  Hartford railroad have received an advance in wages.  The annual convention of the United  Brewery AVorkmen is in session at Cincinnati tliis week.  The annual convention of the Florida  State Federation of Labor will be held  an" Tampa, March 24. .  New York city mall wagon drivers  have received an increase which averages about CO per cent.  Bricklayers and masons of Memphis  liave started a school for the education  of young members of the craft.  The Philadelphia Building Trades  Council, composed of 35 unions, is now  settled in a building of Its own.  The Sanqunolt, Plotz. and (Harvey  silk mills, at Scranton, Pa., have' advanced wages from :"i to 10 per cent.  The city council of Spokane has in-  .structed heads of city departments not  to discriminate against union labor.  The trades council of Everett. Wnsh.  lias asked the city council to provide a  free employment bureau in that city.  Tlie pay of all freight handlers employed iby the Erie railroad at its Jersey City terminal has been increased.  The headquarters of the California  State Federation of Labor are now located at .'I7S Thirteenth street, Oakland.  The condition of the unemployed in  London is a. source of alarm to .shopkeepers and others 'of the middle  classes. '  The next meeting of the executive  council of the American Federation or  Labor will lie held at Toronto, Canada,  April SO.  Over 120,000 men are engaged at work  in the Mexican mines and their salaries  place in circulation the sum of $."00.-  agreement whereby, tire old scale jvasj  ratified.    The Southern ?Express company has  decided to Increase by t3 die wages of  all its employees who receive less than  $100 a month.  The Brldgeworkers' union, at Pittsburg, Pa��� has made public a new wage  scale, calling  for higher pay and  eight-hour day.  There lias -been a general advance of  wages along t'he entire Delaware &  Hudson railroad system, ranging from  o to 10 per cent.  Tho Union Labor party in Oakland  opened its campaign last week and will  endeavor to elect it complete ticket  frnm   mayor down.  Slate Labor Commissioner Vomer, of  North Carolina, has strongly urged the  enactment of laws for the slate In le-  latlon to child labor.  President Hubbard, of the Elgin  Watch company, went on record In a  Chicago speech recently .is favoring the  organization of labor.  Tho murine engineers' strike on the  Columbia and Wllllamette rivers,  which has been on for six months, was  declared off last week.  The Black River Traction company  of Watertown, N. Y., voluntarily increased the wages of all its inotormen  and conductors' 10 per cent.  The tailors have won their strike for  higher wages in Buffalo, X. Y��� after  being out for fourteen weeks. Two  hundred men wore affected.  The Parsons and Hayes factions of  the 'Knights of Labor wore unable to  come to an agreement during their recent conference In Albany, N, Y.  Tho stieet car strike at Barre and  Jlontpelier, Vt., was settled by the  company agreeing to an Increase of  wages and recognition of the union.  Thc Boston Elevated Railway com  pany has announced a large wage increase for its employees and a pension  system Cor old and disabled workmen.  The government in Berlin will introduce two measures, one to cstablii  cuurts of aibitration for the settlement  of lubor disputes, the other to abolibh  child labor.  RALPH SMITH, HP.,  HONORED.  flOO" a day.  The teamsters' troubles in St. Louis  have been ended by the signing of an  agreement which is satisfactory lo all  concerned.  ���The teamsters' strike In Boston failed to materialize owing to the fact that  the teninster.s and bosses arrived at an  8)������$��������������������������������$,  1 Tbe Salt  I of Life  is business. We want more of  it. We'll net it if nn out and out  bargain will fetch it.  How Is This  A two-q uart  Hot Water Bottle  or  Fountain Syringe  75c.  f The McDowell, Atkins,        -1  Watson Co., Lid. Liability ��  W UP-TO-DATE DRUGC4STS. (���)  S) i*  t&SG>����������������������S��������������\l2 cents a day  CANADIAN.  Toronto glass workers i\orlc 50 hours  a week.  ',i -  -Winnipeg's share of lhe street railway earnings last year was ?10,O0iV,.  The'"international" move of the Berlin Trades Congress of Canada is having its effect. The Ottawa IC. of L.  Rookblnders' assembly 'has merged into  the international union, and now there  is only one union of that trade in Ottawa.  F. J. Wilson and J. -A. Dougan have  been elected president and secretary respectively of the Toronto Building  Trades Council.  It is generally conceded that strikes  are usually expensive to both employer  and .employee. The loss of wages is usually felt by,the striker, und the breaking in of new and green hands is likewise expensive for the employer, i The  latest report from the Kingston Locomotive Works says: "They are still  breaking machines in the shop and  spoiling work. They were taking a cylinder out of the boring mill, and.let it  fall and broke the machine and cracked  the cylinder, and bent the boring bar  so badly lhat It cannot be straightened."  for  ?'0  FROM SAN FRANCISCO.  Glove makers will have a new scale  In effect March 1.  Union men are organizing clubs  anti-celestial agitation.  The team drivers   nre   donating  weekly to the T-tenleia tanners.  Meetings of the Sailors' union are  being held weekly for the discussion of  labor topics.  Gas workers have settled differences  with tliree gas companies and get a re-  duction-in-^thc���lUimber-of-houi-s-L'ou-  stltutlng a day's work.  Over 100 traveling cards were issued  by the secretary of typographical  union Xo. 21, In the mon tli ending January Hist.  Under ihe new arrangement tin-  unions will he grouped in eleven departments, each of wlilch will have n  council. They are as follows: Allied  Printing Trades, liuildiiig Trades, City  Front Federation, Iron Trades, Provision Tiades City Transportation  Trades, Wood, Class and Paper Workers, 'lYxllle Workers, Amusement  Leather Workers, and Retail Trades.  Last Saturday nlgiit at ?Nanaiino  Ralph, Smith, M. P., was presented  with ah address and a.solld gold hunting case' watch,-'JI jeweled, 'Waltham  movement, ns a testimonial of his fellow mlnefB on his 'retirement -from the  position of secretary! -It -la engraved  on tho outside of the case with liiono-  grani Initials, and on the Inside with  the'.following-Inscription:''..      "Ai ..  "Presented 'to Ralph Smith,:'. M., P.,  by tho members of Nanaimo VMiriers'  union and other friends as a mark of  appreciation for his services during the  past eight years,  February 7, 1903."  The address was Illuminated by AS*.  Jemson, artist, and was a.s follows:  "To Ralph' Smith. M. P.': Dear'  Friend,���Believing it to be right that  recognition should be accorded for labors well performed. Also being aware  that It I.s impossible for any monetary  consideration to compensate you for the  many valuable services rendered to  the cause of labor, and to your fellow  men generally, throughout Canada.  We, your fellow workers on the Nanalmo Minors' union, desire you to take  the will for the deed, and lequest you  to accept this mark of the esteem in  wliich you are held on your retirement  from the active duties to-engage-1 in a  wider sphere, i. e.. the public service.  Your splendid achievements in the labor world we could not fall to note  and appreciate." Your work as president of the Trades and L'ibor Congress  of Canada for four years, speaks for  Itself and needs no comment. Your  taet ,and ability as arbitrator in disputes between man and master have  been prolific of good results,' as instance  the part you took In the settlement of  thc Rossland strike, ami your llrm at  titude on industrial questions. Your  fair mindedness and working methods  have-in the past, as, we'hope they will  do In the future, commend themselves  to master and man alike, and wo feel  .satisfied your policy based on justice  and reason will always be upheld. In  yonr public and official capacities you  possess our confidence: as a citizen and  member of society we respect you.  Friends bave found you truo, opponents have found you honorable. Wishing you-all success in your extended  circle pf labor and Influence, we remain, yours respectfully.  "(Signed.)���Wm. Neuve, Geo. John,  John Doney, Ellis Rogers, XV. 3. Mc Allan, Thos. McCourt, Jo'in, Weeks, Mark  C'huchlll, committee."  Tills presentation was made at mi  open meeting of the union.  - Telephone ��� 1���2���5 for a lino livery  .tan-out."'J." J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.       , .-���*���    ... ,���  0. Ellis, corner Cambie and Cordova  streets, is the placo wliere you get  your hair cut in an artistio manner.  TRUSTS IN EUROPE.  Congressman Hamilton, of Michigan,  who recently spent ,some time in Europe, says that.Austrla during the past  tliree years has organized many trusts  and syndicates. An examination of  consular reports and other sourcs ot  Information show that many trusts,arc  in operation or in piocess of formation  In all parts of Kurope. Germany has  some TO, trusts, and up lo the present  time no lawsMiave been passed against  them. In Holland thc- Standard Oil  Trust controls the oil trade and coal  mines aie trustified. In Sweden tliere  Is an iron, steel, sugar, wood pulp and  coal trust. France, likewise, has tiusts,  some of them being coal, pig iron, silk  manufacture, sugar, etc. In Great Britain tliere are many large .trusts, the  largest of w'llch are Fine Cotton Spinners with a! caiptal of ?120,000,000; Bradford Dyers' Association, capital ,$103,-  000,000,; Yorkshire Wool Combers' Association with $60,000,000; the Borax  Trust, ?7j,O0O,000; Bleachers' TrusJ, with  over $200,000,000; and '.hat Calico Printing Trust with %'>h.OW,0t>f>, the latter  being the largest in tho nation. Indeed  it_would seom_ that- the- trust-mcthort  wns reaching around  the world.  A NEW TRADE UNION POWER  They luivi' a iiuecr code of morals 111  old Ontario. ,\ machine man who aids  and abets hallo! bov slufllng and other  thlnii-s of Hint kind Is ipiUc as likely as  not to gel a government oiriri' wllh a  nice little palmy. The wicked newsboy  who sells a siainp In a Toronto hotel  on Sunday Is on the other hand quite  likely to get a month, with plenty of  work found, no pay and jail rations  running to as high a value as about  27 1-2 cents a day. The usual rate in  some of Ontario's Jails runs to about  UNION MADE  CIGARETTES  XVe, the undersigned, handle the  only UNI02T-MADE CIGAREITKS  made in Cuuadii.Jf.KARNAC, V. C.  andT.&U.  H. G. MOORE  S. HARCUS  G. W. WEEKS      n  Tlu* recent action of the Tvamsiers'  union of Chicago, In refusing to haul  the goods of a rubber Jlrm .whose employees are on strike Is likely to lead  to a most Important movement In the  windy clly and elsewhere. The action  of tlu> teamsters compelled the firm to  close Its doors. They say tliey are to  carry out this policy with all firms In  Lhe ftiiuie, even to tbe transportation  of coal, and It is thought that this action may result In unionizing the coal  mines of West Virginia. This Is an  Imporlanl and far leaching new departure in trade unionism, and if'carried out means a vast power In the  hands of the unions. We trust that  such power may be wisely used.���Shoe  Workers' Journal.  Beware of making your moral staple  consist of the negative virtues.���O. W.  Holmes.'   .  ��� Adversity  Is   more    easily    resisted  than prosperity.���Victor Hugo.  W.J. McMillan & Co.  Wholesale Agents for 8. C,  Corner Alexander St. and Columbia Ave.  Vnncouvcr, B. C.  k O. BOX, 23G. PIIOXE, 176.  PHONE I220A.  JOE DIXON,  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  c  All kinds of work In tills line promptly attended to.  Pacific Bottling  Work*  Importers and Bottlers  GOKE AVE.   'PHONE 783.     -  SOLE AGKNTS.  NOTICK IS ni'lREIJY GIVEN, that  application will be made at the Legislative Assembly of tlio Provinco of British  Columbia, at its next session, for an Act  to incorporate a company to construct,  equip, operate, and maintain, telophono  and tolograph lines,' within and through  the mainland ol tho province" of British  Columbia: and to construct, erect, and  lnnintuin, poles and other works and de-  ices, necessary for making, completing,  working nnd maintaining, communication  by telephone and telegraph within the  mainland of the said Province of British  Columbia; and to open and break up any  part of the highways or streets within  the said mainland; and to purchaso or  loaso or dlsposo of lands or buildings  within the mainland of the said Province  and to purchase or lease telephone or  telegraph Hues connected or 'to bo- connected with the lino which the said.company may' construct; and amaigoluiato  with      or      lease      Its lino or lines or  any portion or portions thereof, to any  other company; and with all other lri-  cldontal rights ns may bo necessary to tho attainment of the above  necessary to the attainment of tlio nbove  objects or any of tliem.  Datod    at Vancouvor, B. C, this 18th  day of December, 1002.  ll. G. MACDONELL,  Solicitor for Applicants.  Patronize the  Blue Label  BRANDS^**  B. C  Cigar Factory  NEW WESTMINSTER.  *-������-������ A-.  o-  O  '��'  ii  ii  n  ii  n  *:  <>  *'  ii  7t  4>  ll  ;?  H  a:  I  THE WHEELER <ft WILSON    '  High-Speed Sewing Machine i  We have just installed one of these wonderful machines in our  store, fitted with a small electric motor. We Invite anyone interested to come and inspect the machine, and tho extraordinary  speed it can attain���as high as 4,00a stitches a minute. Everyone  is welcome.  9126 Hastings St.  SOLE AGENT  m*9X9X9X0yim9M9mx9X0*9X9X4m  <*  i>  n  it  >(.  if  Loggers' Supplies  SPECIAL    ALL - STEEL  WIRE HOPE SNATCH BLOCK.  ALLAN WHYTE  & OO.'S SPECIAL WIRE OOBE LOGGING WIRE.*  PLOUGH and CRUCIBLE STEEL WIRE ROPE in all sizes and grades.-  AU kinds of loggers' tools and supplies. Camp Utensils,' Etc.  McLennan, Mcf eely & Co*  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 1063.  Put up in 1 lb. and �� lb. lead packets.  For Sale by all first-class Grocers.  9^:9X9X.9X9X^X^X9X9X9X9X9i��A^��X9X9X9X9X-9^k9>ii9��  n  1:  JS  ?;  <���  ii  SI  9.  Locks and Latches_^>  - ' We especially c.t'l your attention to thc fact that uur stock  and assortment of looks and latches, Butts, Screws, Cupboard  trimmings,  sasli  trimmiiigr, ;u fact all  Hardware for House or Block  We have a eomp'ete line of'the leading American .ind C'a. i.ilisri  goods and wc will put-you next to quality, price :ui:l v-.iiely. ���  Nothing adds more to the appearance and value of a house  than good, tasty modern triimmings.  We have them and believe you want them.  Vancouver Hardware Co., |  339 Hastings Street. |  ���for gentlemen, are certainly very'styllsh this spring. The makers have taken certain liberties this year and have broken 'away  somewhat from the strict conventionalities, that- have marked the  headwear of thc men folk ���"-? for so many years. There is a decided  change In styles from a year or so ago, and the smarter appearance  of the present styles .will commend itself to good dressers. We hnve  a shipment of the New-'Sprlng Hats now awaiting your Inspection,  53.00 is popular price.     ,      - /  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT & CO.  104 end 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., Opp. Wm. Ralph's.  ������SXsXsX����<i>Sf^^  ��� ���  ���CASCADE...  " The Beer Without a Peer."  Brewed right here in Vancouver by men of years and yeurs experience and in a brewery whose plant is the' most perfect known to"  the art of brewing, ls It any wonder that it has taken a  place Tn  '.ho hearts of the people which no other beer can supplant?  $1.00 Dozen Pints  $2.00   ��     Quarts  Brewed by  Vancouver Breweries, Lid.  Vnn/VMii/or-     R    C  ' '23  and for' sale at all first-class Saloons, Liquor Stores nnd Hotels.       S  vr is a  SIMPLE  MATTER  to let us know that you want us  to launder your curtains.  There   are   several    ways���all  simple.  1���Drop us a postal, or  2��� Hall one of our drlveis, or  3���Send word lo the Laundry,  or  4���Leave word nt our   branch  olllco In tlie Arcade, or  S���Telephone 3-4-6 or 1-1-7-0.  '  In any 'case we'll  gladly give  you  full  Information and  guarantee you satisfactory results.  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  ,  OHMM-l  Itichnrdn Street. Tel. 848  Kritnrh oflice ln A read.  Tel.  117��.  ' ��������������������� ���<����������><��O0^��i-  11  r  Beginning Voniy  When eyes are found '. hnvu  any defect, however, sIikm. incro  ls but ono thing to <lo I'imldu  glasses early, nave tlu-m ,.<ni,,,h!cd  by our doctor of oplns ��� 1 Allan, und get a pair io in- .vou  properly. All work guar,,,, .1  DAVIDSON Btett.s.,  The Jewelers anil Oj> li.- * - ...  146 Cordova SI.  Advertise In The Independent.

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