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The Independent Jan 10, 1903

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 j   legislative LIbr'y- Mar. M|M'  lv ^  Ll  I  ti1'  ji  ft)  V  I'A' -  ROYAL - RAJSK  OF  CANADA      *,  . . SAVINGS   BANK . .  J��   n, Oeawal BanMnr BusJbms   tTmBMoted.  DmC'i!IB-.Hfi��tlnt��  Street,  W.,  STMtalasUr Avenua, Vonoouver.  B. C. PESHMEKT IM M��  SAYINGS CO.  Authorized Capital ��� 110,000,000  Subscribed Capital ���  -   1,900,000  Aibets Over ....     300,000  Head Office, 821 Cambie Street,  Vancouver, B. C.  Sr  VOL.  HI  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 10, 1903.  NO 10.  Foley's Candidature.  ��A Brief Review of His Life���The Trades Unionists Will  Undoubtedly Rally to His Support���Builders' Laborers Endorse His Candidature and Subscribe $50 to the Campaign Fund.  The Independent Labor candidate for  Burrard,  Chris.    Foley, was    born at  Toronto, Ont..    In 1840.'     Five   years  later     his       parents       removed     to  Carls,  Ont.,  wliere he worked on his  father's farm until 11   yeara    of age,  when he started out Jn life for himself,  going to the Southern States, where he  travelled extensively -until. 1866, when  le went west.' ��� Reachlng'the mountain  country, he ' commenced   prospecting,  nnd  has  mined  and' prospected  with  varying success from the old City of  Mexico to the Fraser' River,     Ir? 1SS6,  the year of the fire, he settled ln Vancouver, where he engaged In contract-  tog, and succeeded, by close attention  to business, in accumulating considerable money, which he invested in Vancouver real estate.     The panic of 1893  ilt Mr. Foley hard, and he was compelled to sacrifice much valuable property and seek new fields.    So It wi.l be  seen that jie *.s no stranger in Vancouver, but may he classed a3 one of the  pioneers of the Terminal City.     Two  years later he went to Rossland and  commenced   work   as a miner   in the  ���Commander, mine.  , Since  then,, until  recently, he has followed the occupation of a miner and has worked in several mines .In that   camp,    and when  nominated'as candidate for member In  the house of commons for Yale-Cariboo,  in 1900,  was  employed  at  the Centre  Star mine.     Mr. Foley, in this memorable campaign, did great work, .'and at  <cnce became a "recognised public man  uf considerable ability and high Integrity.   -As that great contest progrersed  lhe name of. Foley'grew to be provincial-wide rather than local. These few  sentences are simply written,  jyst as  a reminder that Mr. Chris. Foley stands  to-d'iy one of the strongest public men  in Western Canada, and Is a candidate  that all workingmen,   as well   as the  business community,  should be proud  to .support.    Vancouver has a great re  done on February 4th. The" government at Ottawa holds that tills is not  an eastern question, but only one of  the west. The liberals, in their party  ciucuses, vote it down ny being a measure breathing an un-Brltlsh. spirit.  This same view Is held by Hon. Clifford Sifton. 'British Columbia has  never sent a man down to Ottawa unless- he was 'pledged to 'support antt-  Chlnese, legislation. Therefore, it is  plainly seen, as Mr. Foley points out  himself, that If you send Mr. Macpherson,' who Is a gentleman In every respect of the word, to Ottawa, a3 member  for this constituency, the old-time  liberals will say: "I told you so, that  the better classes of British Columbia  favor our policy of Chinese Immigration.", All classes in this province are  opposed to the Chinese, and why should  they support a government who favors  thein ?  years' lease of a hall was signed by the  trades oouncil, in which to hold meetings. Thirty-one unions hold meetings  In this hall. Hours of labor have been  reduced and wages have Increased In  several trades. The eight-hour day has  been Becured by the plumbers, carpenters and garment workers. Iron working  trades only are working more than nine  hours per day. Only two lock-outs have  occurred during the year. Both were  adjusted with satisfaction to the unions.  A by-law will be submitted to the ratepayers at the next election ln January,  proposing an eight-hour work day on all  civic work.'  High wages and development go hand  In hand. As witness the United Stales  and China, England and Italy.���Chris.  Foley. '  MASS MEETING TO-NIGHT OF  MR. FOLEY'S SUPPORTERS,' COMMITTEE ROOMS, 63 CORDOVA  STREET.  THE CIVIC ELECTION.  cord In the cause of progressive labor,  and certainly should be able to" elect  their candidate: Let us all rally as a  unit and place the candidate of our  choico at the head of the polls on.election dny,_ which takes place on February 4th next. *  "FOLEY AND' CHINESE IMMIGRA-  ' '-' ��� TION. - - -' -'  When Mr. Foley' ran as the Iabor  nominee in Yale-Cariboo, the rank and  file, in that slarge district polled such  a. vote as'astonislied the whole of  Western Canada, "and they will go one  Ibetter on this occasion In Burrard. It  is not the intention of Mr. Foley to  take a radical stand on questions "affecting public Interests, but rather will  adopt a progressive course. One of  liis strong planks will .be that- of the  Mongolian question, as against the actions of the Dominion government ln  tills regard. Again, as an inducement  to Mr. Foley's candidature as against  that of the Hon'. Dr. Mcinnes ls that  the latter gentleman was not brought  forward as 'a representative of any  united party, and so is hot in such a  "strong position"n"s_he���othci*wlse_would  Slave been. Jlr. Foley holds that the  arguments resorted to in Eastern Canada that the only opponents to Chinese  Immigration hi this province arc units  of the hoodlum clement, rather than  those of the better class, must be cm  phatic.illy protested against, and this  can only be done by returning a candl  date pledged to tho hilt as being op  pofed to the Laurier administration on  this particular Issue. Thc liberals of  this city have resolved that they'have  explicit confidence in tho government  of thc dny and pledgo tlielr Individual  support to maintain lt tn power. Tho  liberals are, therefore, to all intents  and purposes, pledged to support thc  government In Its malicious conduct ln  reference to pro-Chinese legislation.  We have better opinion of thc people of  Burrard to endorse -any such contention.  The peoplo of the west must organise  politically as well as otherwise to accomplish any legislation In their interests. Everything in the east indicates  that the sentiment of thc liberal party  is' against British Columbia on the  Mongolian .question. That argument  cannot be successfully combatted unless  Sir. Foley is elected.as a protest to the  government, and this   will', be surely  FOLEY ENDORSED.  The Builders Laborers' union, of  which he Is a member, endorsed the  candidature of Mr. Chris. Foley, on  Thursday night, and voted the sum of  $50 to the campaign fund. , The union  also decided to take t*p a special subscription among its own members. ''  Five new candidates were initiated,  and more applications are oft'the way,  The membership of the union is In a  healthy shape.w It started with seven,  and has'now'over 100 members.- ' In  future this progressive body will be affiliated with.,the, .Trades and Labor  Council, and will have* four delegates  at the next meeting of the council.  At present -there are a number of  plasterers' laborers out of employment,  and consequently the union is in a position to supply the demand for this  class of work, which can be supplied  on applying at the Union hall.  The following officers have been  elected for the ensuing term: President, J. Sully; vice-president, W. Lyons;  secretary, H. Sellers, Western Hotel;  treasurer, J. Cosgrove; warden, H.  Chapman; conductor, R. Harrison;  delegates to Trades and Labor Council,  J. '���Sully, G. Payne, J. Cosgrove, R.  Harrison; -delegates to Building Trades  council, J. Bully,' J. Cosgrove.  Tho union mets in No. 1 room, Union  hall, on the second and fourth .Thurs-]  days In each month: .. ���  The World asserts tliat Mr. Foley is  running because there are no more commission plums in sight. This is a dirty,  low-down style of argument and conies  with poor grace from such a paper. If  It cannot find anything more substantial than this to say against his candidature it, will certainly make lots ot  votes for Jlr. Foley.  Following is the result of the municipal elections, held on Thursday:  Mayor Neelands was elected by acclamation. Aid. Chas. Wilson and W.  3. McGuigan -were elected by acclamation in Ward III.  ALDERMEN.  ��� Ward I.'  Vote.  ALEX. BETHUNE     494  ROBERT GRANT     435  WILLIAM  BLACKMORE     319  J. W. PRESCOTT "298  Spoilt���12..    -  Ward II. "  JAJIES McQUEEN.. '  358  E.COOK ;.... 329  JOHNSIMESON -.  309  J. B. CAMPBELL  269  Spoilt���10.  Ward IV.'  ROBERT MACPHERSON  390  WILLIAM BROWN  282  C.  F. FOREMAN  244  JOHN CROW  E34  ' Spoilt���20.  Ward V.  JOHN MORTOJST     2S4  W. H. WOOD, JR '..    2S2  PETER WYLIE.. *..*    247  A MESSAGE TO TRACKMEN.  Sir,���I am a little late, but better lute  than never, ln wishing you and your  reudeis "A Happy New Yeur," for by  the time this reaches you 1902, with all  Us joys and sorrows, will have gone,  and 1303, with all Its hopes and fears,  will be with us. I only hope It may  bring to all, but especially to the men  whom I represent, as much of good as  1902 has done. The signing of the contract between the representative of the  niaintenance-of-way men and the Can  adlan Pacliic Railway, and the conse-  quent Increase of pay, makes 1902 the  ���brightest year we ever saw, and its  possibilities are only just beginning. I  trust 1903 may bring us nothing but  peace and plenty.  I enclose a clipping from the Ottawa  Journal of yesterday. It will .be read  with Interest, I am sure, by many a  track and bridge watchman, on the Pacific division of the C. P. R. I am sure  many of them have had similar opportunities of doing like heroic service,  of which the world has never heard. I  was very glad in this case, where the  presence of Hon. Mr. Fielding and General Manager Pottlngep amongst those  whose lives, in all human probability,  were saved by his .fldeiity, made the  event the more conspicuous..I was glad  to have the means, through the kind-  partlcularly David Ferguson, section  foreman nt Wentwortli. Had It not  been for his faithfulness to duty und  his persistency in remaining on the  road and patrolling his section long  after the rules governing his hours of  duty, an accident to the Montreal ex  press was possible In connection with  the washout jnst beyond Foileigh  which occurred last evening, which in  loss of lite and destruction of property  would have caused the Belmont wreck  to pale Into Insignificance.  ��� After a Hard Day's Work.  It was late in the evening when Mr.  Ferguson discovered the washout, or  In fact was an eye-witness of the  sweeping away of the track by the  turbulent waters that came madly  rushing down a ravine in the side of  the mountain on to the track. He and  his faithful men had been patrolling  the section since long before daylight  and all of that day until evening  shadows began to settle down over the  valley below. He divided his men and  sent them in different direction over  the road, himself remaining midway on  the section for some time after they  had gone. Finally he started towards  his home  at Wentworth, but  all  the  name should also be presented to thS  Humane Society for recognition In the  bestowing ot a medal for the saving of .  human life." ti  THE GOOD THAT TRADE UNIONS  DO.  Few Indeed realise the vusi good that  trade organisation has accomplished for  the worker in every land, and especially  in Great Britain and America. Less  than 100 years ago It was a crime to organise to strike or to demand highec  wages. Fifty-two years ago the average wage paid in the manufacturing  establishments of this nation were $246  pur year. Even down to 1880 the average wage was less than $400 per year. In  spite of a tremendous Immigration of  cheap labor from the four quarters of  the globe, wages have gone up and today they will average not less than $450  per year. This is due almost entirely to  trade organisation.  Fifty years ago the cotton mills of  New England employed their help 13 or  14 hours per day. A good weaver in,  those days was able to make not over $5.  per week. It was only thc swiftest that*  could make $1 per day. And mark you,  there was little immigration then com  pared with-fWhat we have to-day. It  time, as he wearily trudged on, some-Iwas the trade union movement that re-  thing seemed  to tell him to go back dueed the hours to 10 and in some cases  over the road in the directioln of Fol-  Ielgh Lake. Presently a special train  overtook him,  and  when  passing the  W." A. BROWN.,  Spoilt���12.  ���SCHOOL TRUSTEES.  179  Total.  t'l.Sit.  I.    076  MASS MEETING TO-NIGHT fOF  MR.' FOLEY'S SUPPORTERS, COMMITTEE ROOMS, 53c< CORDOVA  STREET ;. .. ,,   Among the visitors' to this oflice during the past week was Mr. George Hamilton, of Winnipeg. His service to the  labor cause ln that place has been very  great and Manitoba's loss is British Columbia's gain. It is Mr. Hamilton's intention to secure a piece of land somewhere near Vancouver nnd settle down  for the rest^ot his days. He was In  Vancouver fourteen yeni'H ago, nnd expresses great surprise at the wonderful  chnngi'  hi the  clly.  THOMAS DUKE   D. DONALDSON   W.'J. McGUIGAN '.  920  D. M. FRASER..   A.  677  WILLIAM GEORGE  499  ROBERT MITCHELL.. *  4S6  CHAS' TOSSB.'L.... A  202  ���G. F. TIMMS .-  199  R. BAKER .".  114  LICENCE   COMMISSIONERS.  ���      '    Total.  WILLIAM HUNT  92a  HUGH Mc!KEH  760  JOHN McLENNAIN  700  L. D. TAYLOR  582  S. J. GOTHARD  29:  HERBERT HEWKE~ .' 251  R. E. GREEN  240  WM. CARTWRIGHT  124  NOTES.  Tho successful labor candidates for  aldermen were: Robert Macpherson,  John Morton and W. H. Wood, jr.; and  Hush MoKee, as licence commissioner.  Ald.-elect Morton/'and Macpherson  <labor candidates) were put at the top  of the poll in their respective wards.  This IsTlctoryl  "Jack" Crow made a good run, all  things considered. He will be a sure  winner next time.  John -Simeson, labor candidate in  Ward II., was only a score of voters behind. Twenty plumpers more- would  have elected him. This is a good,record. *  : : . .-_-_  ness of the Journal, of calling attention��train lia"ds called out to him that tliere  to it here   at   Intercolonial   Railway  headquarters.   And I am hopeful that  Brother Ferguson's action will not be  forgotten by the government, who own  the I. C. R., but a suitable testimony  to his work will be presented to him.  And I need not tell our own men,  though it ls possibly news to the  .travelling and general public,* that  night and day, in storm and shine, we  are just, as this man was, ever mindful  of the weak and dangerous spots, and  thc worse the storm, the more vigilant  we are; and, to the honor of our good  fellows, be it said, no accident due to  our want of skill or want of fidelity to  the call of duty, has -been recorded for  MASS MEETING TO-NIGHT OF  MR. FOLEY S SUPPORTERS, COMMITTEE ROOMS, S3 CORDOVA  STREET.  Thc alien contract labor law ts a poor  affair. It should be ended rather than  amended, and a ne v act enacted.  VICTORIA'S PROGRESS.  T. H. Twlgg, organiser for the American Federation of Labor, reports to  that body as follows: "-  Since January*. 1902, 11 unions have  heen formed In Victoria. They are the  barbers, plumbers, electrical workers,  blacksmiths, clerks, bricklayers, bikers,  garment .workers, bollennakers, musicians and laborers. Last January a five  ;J. B. Campbell polled a strong vote,  and no doubt lie and Mr. Simeson will  be a team ln the race next year for  municipal honors.  William Latham lost his man iu  Ward II., but William Davis succeeded  iii landing his at thc head of the poll  Iii Ward V.  Bob Todd was on deck ln Ward IV  as usual, aud did some good work.  The boys on tho hacks were eyed  several times by the officials ot the  cruelty to animals society, for furious  driving, but���"man and beast"���were  not'moleBted 'by -them on the occasion.  ' It was very provoking on several occasions, when the supporters of thc labor candidates met refusals to vote  from workingmen, who said they didn't  care, a rap who got in. Labor can  sweep this city with a full ticket whenever it wants to.   * "  Mr. T. G. McManamon, Canadian organiser for the Brotherhood of Trackmen, who was overtaken by sickness  in Winnipeg three weeks ago and has  been a fortnight in the general hospital,  there, is now around again. Mr. Mc-  Manamon hopes to resume his journey  tycetward In a few days.���Voice.  many, years.   <'3 '  ,Thls is particularly true where our  ^rlals are greatest, in the mountain districts of any'road; but'even in tlie  Rockies, thanks, I say to the vigilance  in all weathers of our track, bridge and  watchmen, we protect the lives of those  committed to our care, from the engineer in front to the rear brakeman in  the pullman, from any, accident of life  or limb.  I might send you some notes of our  conventlon, held in St. Louis Dec. lst  to. Cth, but you will be getting such a  full report in our January Journal in  a few days I won't say much of it now;  only a little as an appetizer.  We changed our name to suit our enlarged constituency, to "The International Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-  Way Employees," elected Mr. John T.  Wilson president, with three times  three; Jlr. c. Boyle secretary-treasurer,  to look after the coppers; the same set  of vices (Lowe, Davenport and Hay-  good); elected R. Terpison, Port Arthur, to the seat on .the executive com-  mltee, and Jrr. JIulkle, a brother chip  of yours, as editor of our official journal.  But the piece of work above all was  the authorizing of the formation or a  woman's auxiliary, with -JIrs. Alice  JIulkle president, thus, amongst other  things, letting the public and railway  officials know-the-mothers-und children  are deeply interested in the work of  the brotherhood.  Now that must do as a sample of  what is In store for the readers of the  Journal, which is getting to be amongst  the most readable of railway magazines. I again wish In closing many  happy returns of the gracious Christmas and New Year senson to all your  readers, especially to all organized labor, but a Benjamin's portion to thoso  who belong to the International Brotherhood of Jlalntenanco-of-Wny Employees," to whom 1 repent the promise I nindo nt the convention, that If  spared to fill my term of olllco 1 will  meet them nblo to sny I havo dono  nothing to bring a stain on Canada's  fair name. -Yours fraternally,  A. B. LOWE.  .Ottawa, Dec. 30. 1902.  was a lot of water coming down the  side of the mountain some two miles  back  toward  Foileigh.    He   was   then  within half a mile of Wentworth station,  quite    near    his home,    but the  pangs of hunger, nor his weariness of  limb,  did not deter.him of his determination to go back over the track.  Feared Something Was Wrong.  He soon wns In sight of the   plact  where the trainmen had seen the water  rushed against the road bed, and just  as     he     reached   the   spot   he   felt  the     earth      tremble,     and     quicker than thought some sixty feet of the  road bed, to a depth of thirty feet, was  swept out of place and went rushing  down  the mountain side  right before  his eyes, with the roar of thunder.   But  he never lost his presence of mind, and  quick as  a  flash   the  fact    that  "the  Montreal express, with its magnificent  cars  loaded  with  humanity   was   the  next train to arrive, flashed across his  mind,  and    Immediately    he    hurried  around the edge of the yawning abyss,  leached the track beyond and started  as fast as he could on a mile and  half run to Foileigh station to give the  alarm, which he   reached    in a brief  space of time, and panting for breath  hurriedly told  the operator what  had  occurred,  which he in    tuin    quickly  fiashed to Truro,   and   the train Was  saved.  Ran to Exhaustion.  When Ferguson was assured that the  alarm had ibeen given, he collapsed  from shear exhaustion, and it was lu  minutes afterwards before lie was able  to speak.  Had Ferguson gone home, as he was  entitled to, as everything on the road  Indicated that it was all right, the  Jlontreal express would have, iu the  inky darkness, rushed Into the break,  and it is safe to say that not a soul on  the train would have come but ot It  alive.  This is the second time In eight years  that Ferguson lias saved the same train  from going,to destruction, ln connec-  FERGUSON'S DEED.  A Truro dispatch says that a prominent gentlemnn, one closely connected  with the I. C. R., and therefore one  who knows what he Is talking about,  said to, the Herald correspondent tonight: "You cannot say too much ln  praise of the.faithful vigilance of the  I. C. R. trackmen, especially those on  the mountain sections of the1 road,'and  tlon with n washout. On the formcr  occaslon he ran several miles to give  the ularin, nnd was so exhausted afterwards that he was unable to work  again for live weeks, and to the shame  of the department his wages were  docked during tho time he was ill. In  this case thc public will demand that  the government suitably recognlro ano  reward this section hand.���Halifax  Herald.  Miss Saunders' Letter.  JIlss Saunders, a passenger on the  train, wrote to tho Herald later. She  snld:  "I was greatly pained to read In the  Herald that on a former occasion,  when he had saved a trnln from disaster, his wages were stopped while he  was nn Invalid from over-exertion due  to his saving the train. If this account is correct, it Is a burning shame  on the part of the railway authorities."  She goes on to suggest a testimonial  to Ferguson, contributions to be sent to  Mr; 'William Dennis, editor Halifax  Herald.  She concludes:  "Added to this, the railway department, If for.no other reason, should In  view of. the loss, of property that  might have occurred, give some ade-  even less, and yet Increased wages by 75  to 100 per cent.   In Great Britain there  ls a good trade union movement and it  is In that nation that wages will aver-  ago 30 to 40 per cent, higher than in any  other nation of Europe.     Likewise you  will find the workers employed 5 or 6  hours less per week than* mi  the continent of Europe. The reason is that the  British workers have had the good sense  to organise and secure the power that  enabled them to force better conditions.  Not only this,  but of  late years  the  trade unions have adopted many insurance benefits that has done a wonderful  good.     Some biiions pay as high af .oOO  death benefit, and it is only a question  of time when some of them at least will '  establish old age pensions and out-of-  work benefits.   In fact one or two do* '  this already.   The writer has listened to  eloquent speeches made by trade union  leaders and these leaders have acknowledged that it was* 'the   trade  union  school that "enabled 'them* to "be' som'e---"  body" and to be able to make an eloquent speech. ' The trade union assembly has been the high school for hundreds  and  thousands  of workingmen..  The trade,union has made this a better  world to live in, it has at least put into  practice more of the brotherhood of man  than any other organslation.   It teaches  men to know no race, creed or color in  its broad statesmanship.   Its motto is  "each for all and all for each."   It has  more of real humanity than any other   '  movement on the face of the globe. It  has done all this in a hundred years.  What may it accomplish in  the next   ���  century?  RETAIL CLERKS.  At the regular fortnightly meeting  of the Retail Clerks' Protective Association, held last Tuesday night in the  O'Brien Hall, a considerable aniount of  routine business was transacted, among.,  which was the installation ot* the newly-  elected officers for the ensuing year:.  President, Jlr. J. A. JIurray; iirst vice-  president, Jlr. J. Cithray; tecomi vice-  president, Jlr. D. A. JIcLean; recording-  secretary, Jlr. AV. J. Lamrick; Mnancial-  seeretary, Mr. E. E. C. Johnston; treasurer, Jlr. XV. 3. White; guaidim, Mr. R.  A. JIusket: guide. Jlr. C. Stevens; dole-  gatc- to the Trades and Labor Council,  Messrs. Lamrick, JIurray and C'athrajv  THE BAKERS.  The following officers have been elected by the Bakers' Union for the ensuing 'term: President, T. A. Baxter-,,  vice-president, S. Walker; treasurer, J.  Green: secretary, JI. JIcLean, 2160  Westminster avenue.  Wo are    pleased   to   announce that  .Murray's  shop  has  been    transferred -  from thc unfair to the fair list.   *   -  -  MASS MEETING TO-NIGHT OF.  Ml!., FOLEY'S SUPPORTl'.RS. COJI-  MITTEE ROOMS, 63 COItDOVAl  STREET.  _i  ELECTRICAL WORKERS.  At'lho Inst regular meet ng of the lo-  cal Electrical Workers' Union, the following ofllcers were elected: President^  A. JlcDonald; vice-president, J. Dubberley; recording-secretary, S. W. Hus��  ton; financial-secretary, H. V. Ranking  delegates to the. Trades and Labor-  Council, Messrs'. Cowling, Cherrill andi  Blaekstock. '  ' '  quate, revjard ������ to,Mr. -Ferguson. .His STREET.���  " MASS MEETING- TO-NIGHT 0&.  MR. FOLEY'S SUPPORTERS, COM��.���  MITTEE     ROOMS,     63    'CORSOOVX- THE INDEPENPENT.  SATURDAY....  ..JAN. 10, 1983?  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY IN THE INTERESTS OF THE MASSES  IHE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT     OF      FLACK     BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; three  months, 35 cents; six months, 65 cents;  ���oe yeur, fl.25.  -ENDORSED BV THE TRADES AND  L-AllOn COUNCIL, THE VANCOUVER IjAUOK PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  <z  "Ilie Independent can always be had  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY..  ..  ...IAN. 10, iUU_  FKDEItATION'S  POSITION.  So much has hi en printed by a certain class of publications about lhe  position of the American Federation of  Labor on political action, that the following from the editorial columns of Ils  official journal will make inteiestlng  reading:  ln connection with lhe work or tlio  New Orleans convention, much niisup-  preheuMon exists, in re-Hani to a resolution dNcussod nml defeated. Beyond  doubt tills misapprehension wns owing  to the perversion ot the newspaper reports. The enemies ot the trade union  movement have lost no opportunity to  declare, and we have had to lneti the  asserted on several occasions since the  close of the convention. Uiat a so-called  "socialist" resolution came near being  adopted. As a mailer uf fact, the resolution to which reference is niade, is  as follows:  "Resolved���That this twenty-second  annual convention of tlie American  federation dr Labor ndvNe the working* people to organize their economic,  and political power to secure for lnbor  the full equivalent of ils loll."  It will be seen lhat this resolution i.-;  not of the cliaractef' of which so niiiuh  has been heard in ihe newspapers, In  the forum and In public debates. As a  matt?:' of fan, a large nuiiiMcr of dele-  Sates who voted for the rc-olulion declared thai they were not Socialists,  and would not vote for a resolution declaring lor socialism. After all, the  resolution itsell- was defeated hy more  than seven hnndieel votes, and thereafter the convention unanimously  adopti'd the following declaration ot  trade union  policy and principles:  "The aims, desires, and aspirations of  trade unionists comprise all lhat is  necessary or possible to the well-being  of the liumfiii family or in the pursuit  or accomplishment of which we cheerfully accept and. in fact, desire all the  assistance which can be given our  movement by those reform forces  which stand for tlie betterment of  mankind. In this position we are In  close relationship to the greater body  of socialists and witli them agree, that  not only should the burdens of toil be  made lighter, but that each worker has  an undeniable right to enjoy the full  ���benefit of that which he or she produces. We, like them, stand for greater liberty, and are determined so to act  that the future shall be more congenial  to the whole human family, and especially more bright and enjoyable to  men and women breed-winners of  North America, whom we directly and  indirectly represent. It is true, nevertheless, that in furtherance of our  claim, namely, that our principles  comprise the fullest' and highest scope  of human activity, and rrom time to  time will be enhanced and advanced in  accordance with the demands to satisfy  human needs and desires, lhe people  we represent, the working class, hold  -diff*erenf_vlews~ofi_th(rbf'St���metlioil_of  furthering the desired end. even although there is little difference among  them as to tlie desirability of the position we hope to attain. We unhesitatingly announce that the trade union  movement heicln represented Is the  most practical, snTe, and legitimate  channel through which the working  men  and  women    ot North    America  should not only continue to seek redress for their wrongs, but by which  they can strengthen their economic position until it will control the political  Held, and thereby place labor In full  possession of its inherent rights. We  declare that since the inception'of our  movement Inquiry into the best form  of government has been its guiding motive, and will so continue while there  Is a high nioral desire to gratify, or an  Injustice to correct. Our meetings, local and national, are now and always  have been, free % the discussion ot  any legitimate economic or political  question; but, ou tlie other hand, arc ns  equally pronounced against partisan  politics, religious dissensions, or nice  prejudices, a ml as success has followed those meritorious conclusions, we  would be unfaithful lo the duty we owe  lo mankind to do other than strongly  locomiiieinl a continuance of the methods, the Inculcation or which means tli'.'  greatest aniount of safety to our movement, witli the least degree of danger."  This declaration, the unanimous cx-  piesslon of the representative gathering of lhe trade unionists of America,  must stand as the highest expression  or the alms and purposes of our move  men!. Our opponents may take rrom  it whatever grain of comfort they can  The New Orleans convention of the  American Federation ol- Labor stands  out boldly and pre-eminently as a  gathering ot tho representatives ol- the  wage-earners or our country who per  lormed and authorized splendid work  lu the inteiests of tlie toiling masses of  our country, now and for all time to  come.  Six English hatmakers were prevented from landing at Sydney because they  h;ol been brought out under contract,  which is contrary to the law of Australia. In Canada we cannot keep out  oul aliens, let alone British subjects,  out adlens, lot alone British subjects,  who aie brought in to take otliei- men's  positions. Hut In Australia labor is  lepresented   in   parliament.  "Chicago may be counted on to do the  striking and unique thing. That town  has an organisation of union girls, God  bless them, who are pledged not to associate with or marry non-union men.  Tliere 1"���Exchange.  As soon as this becomes general then  tlieie will be complete trades union organisation throughout the laud.  Premier Prior may be an astute politician, as some ol- bis friends claim, but  lie did not display it in his announcement of the government's policy. About  the only definite statement he mnde was  that he was in favor of fishing traps.  Economy i.s strong with the Chinese.  In Vancouver they run a church and a  gambling game in the same building.  Prayer and talking to big joss probably  help the chinks wlien fan-tan gobbles  their wash money.���New Denver Ledge.  Cheer up: it'll be another year before you'll have lo vote again for aldermen.  An exchange sa.vs that there's noth  ing like living up to the name you're  loaded with.     Zero Snow is in the cold  storage business in Portland, Ore.  " TIME_���0P��."  Congressman Brown, oi Tennessee,  has a smart granddaughter, whose  clever sayings arc the delight of her  parents. ��� The other day she came to  her grandfather with her face all  smiles.  "Grandpa," she said, ". I saw  something this morning running  across the kitchen floor without any  legs.   What do you think it was?"  Mr. lirown studied for a while  ami gave it up. "What is it?" he  asked.  "Water," said the youngster triumphantly.  .Mr. Macon: 1 see hy this paper that  ice one and one-half inches thick will  support a man.  ��� .Mrs.     Uacon:  I  always said there  was an enormous profit in ice, John.  lie���Wise men hesitate���only fools  are certain.  She���Are you sure?  lie���I'm quite certain of it!  Then she laughed.  "Tliat friend of yours is a good  deal of a Utopian, isn't he?"  "lie is worse than that," answered  the.man who can't refuse a request,  "lie's an 1-0-Utopian."  A woman, on the death of her husband, telegraphed to a distant  friend:  "Dear Joseph is dead. Loss fully  covered by insurance."  Departing Hoarder:  "I'm sorry we  couldn't get along,  hut 1 hope you  are willing to let hyc-gones he foye-  gOIU'S."  Landlady' "Docs that include your  board bill, Jlr. Slopcr?"  0$.pit.0$ ��' ��'0Q1*1 ���'$0't"t|06'i"�� $0  AVe know some chaps who have sworn  off the candidate habit, but then they  are liable to swear on before the next  new year.  Our "devil" says if you spell Christ  mas Xmas. why don't you spell Chris  topher Xtopher.     Exactly.    All ballots  will be marked with a Cap X on Feb.  ���Ith for Foley.  The air is full ot messages swift flying,  To breathe we fairly dread,  A young Italian gentleman, Marconi,  lias the franchise overhead.���Ex.  They are advocating a clly weigh  .scaled-al_Ioj-nnto_to_kepp_n-cheek _on  coal dealers.  The "Worklngmiin With lhe Knife"  might he induced to stay away lroni  the polls.     Yes. with n sturfod club.  .MASS MEETING TO-NIGHT OP  Mlt. FOLEY'S SUPPORTERS. COM-  MITTI'..'* ROOMS, Kl COltDOVA  STREET.  ODDS and ENDS  ������������������������*����������������� *���  n  n  n  <>  o  n  o  o  <>  <>  n  tl  Ibe. Jeweler and  Diamond  Merchant     ''  C6R. GRANVILLE AND HASTINGS STREETS. J J  Official Watch Inspector of the C. P. K. . . .  Tlicro!s ;x siili. of Odds mid Knds  now goin'g on at our store, a ml  the prices wo are asking for tlieni  are reallv riilioulouslv small.  "I'm sure I ilon't know," cried old  Sevcrcpop���"I really ' don't know  what to do with you Henry. Is there  anything good in you?"  "I think so, dad," replied Henry,  "I've just eaten a mince pic."  Jones.���"I don't think that you  ought to go about, saying that Hob-  inson is the biggest coward alive."  Urown.���"Why, he shows me in  every way that he's afraid of mc."  Jones.���"So? Well, 1 think you're  justified."  "After analysis at grocers' and  wine merchants,' eatables and drinkables that have been pronounced injurious to health will he confiscated  and distributed among the various  local  benevolent  institutions."  "1 am afraid Hobby," said the  mother, "that when I tell your father what a naughty hoy you have been  be will punish you severely."  'Have you got to tell him?" asked  Bobby, earnestly.  'Oh, yes; I shall tell him immediately ailer dinner."  I'he look of concern .on Hobby's  face deepened.  "Well, mother," said he, "give him  a heller dinner than usual. You  might do.tbat much for me."  Mack���Can you get a lock of your  sister's hair, Johnnie? Johnnie���No,  but I can tell you where she gets it.  Sirs. Peters���Is your husband a  man of domestic tastes? Mrs. Dilby  ���Yes, indeed, I can't keep a pretty  domestic for two months to'saveme.  lie (who lias   od'ended her)���Won't  you look at me?   She���If I did you'd  kiss mc again,  lie���No,  honest,     I  won't.    She���Then what's the use?  lie���Precious, did you give me this  umbrella because you love mc? She  ���No, darling, I gave it to you he-  cause 1 am tired ol lending you  mine.  ���Sixleen-of���the-lwcnty-twc���Knglish  coronations that occurred from William Rufus to Elizabeth, both inclusive,, were held on Sunday. Vor each  of the exceptions there was a special  reason. After the days ol ICli/.ahoth  not a single coronation took place  on Sunday.  Kxpcrimciils have lor some time  been made witli smokeless coal. Tills  peculiar fuel may be burned cither in  an ordinary grate or In a basin in  the middle of the room without developing any perceptible odor nr  smoke at any lime. The fire looks  like the finest coal lire but the (lames  arc white and blue.  Kxpcrimciils carried on by rallw.ty  olliciuls al Heme, with an automatic,  ticket machine, invented by it Swiss,  have given entire satisfaction. The  machine is similar to t.he i cgul.tr  automatic machines, but the glass  case contains the tickets, on which  arc printed the names of the station  and the price bf the ticket. Uy dropping the right amount and I'ullii.g a  handle thc ticket is set free.  One hundred and Fifty  o Ladies' Cashmere, Flan-  nM.AlbatrossandFrench  Flannel Blouses to be  $ offered Saturday regardless of cost. ^ These  Blouses are all fine goods,  good fitting, nicely trimmed, plain and fancy  patterns.  Special Price  Saturday $2.50 o  DRY$f��ALE'$  170   Cordova     St.,    Vancouver.  We reach wherever the mails  reach.  4)4) . ��������$$ .���.,'a,.���Qa),;:-$+-t���.,99  ���^���^^���^^���^���^���^���^���h^  URE  ALATABLE  OPULAR  * Thousands are using ^  | nothing else but CLARI-$  | FIED AND PASTEUR- |  % IZED MILK & CREAM. |  jjj It gives health "strength ^  ��� and vigor.  'Phone your order to  ARQAINS  Previous  to stocktaking1;we have laid out a table of Men's Suits In all   ���  sizes from 34, to-42. |"They are broken lotsbut'better value was never orterc*  for the mbney.'  You can take your choice of any suit In the'window or on tbe i  bargain table for $10.  Included In the lot are many Serges, also Imported and Canadian Tweeds  which sold formerly nt  from J12 to   $18. *  Ah this sule will last but u short time, come early and secure the best.  Come and have a look at them whether you purchuse or not. We consider It  a pleasure to show our goods. These sultB are -well tailored and designed by-  Canada's best cutters. '%.  CLUBB   ����   STEWART,  Temsphonk 702. 309 to 315 Hastings St. W.  I Internationa! Ice  | and Storage Co.  Phone 415.  Gore Avenue.  ���>!^H^^H(*;K*)K*:-i*^;(^t^Jt*;K  PHONE I220A.  mj>j��������<�� ���.������������������������ ftftftftftftftftftftftft.ft.ftft.ft.ft.  When yom want to hire a flrvt-clus  I hone and huncy, jo to the Palace  I llverx * tables.' Telephone US.  9  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds ot work ln this line promptly attended to.  Don't forget to call .  for Home-Cured....  Kippered Herring, Etc,  Put up by  IAS. BROWN & CO.,  J-jioxH 800. VANCOUVER, B.C.  of hurrying about buying Life Insurance so many men think and say. At  lenst two   strong  reasons  aro: Go od   health Is uncertain;   increased cost  Is  certain.   What's  tlio uso of waiting might better be said! I  UNION MUTUAL,    POLICIES [  may bo depended upon to protect throughout the varying experiences    of i  human life, to faithfully guard tl(o ' Interests    of the     insured, and to be i  promptly casliod vhen tliey be?om e payable.    Values and privileges abtound (  and   are   conveniently   available.   Detailed facts gladly furnished.          ' (  After three years thc Union Mutual Policies do not become void by failure ,  to  pay premiums,   thc Mnin  Non-Forfeiture     Law   without action  of the .  Policy-holder, continuing tho Insurance for a Specified length of time.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  ,, PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848. j  i t Call or write for particulars and plans  �� Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C. j  <> J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager. <  *    COLIN  CAMERON, Special Agent.  ���  CORNER   HASTINGS   AND     CAMBIE  STREETS,  VANCOUVER.  New, modern and strictly first-class;  good samplo rooms; froo 'bus. Week  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. in., lunch  II* m. to 2 p. m., dinner, 6 to 8 p. sn.  Sundays���Breakfast 7:30 to 10:30 a.  m., lunch 12:30 to 2 p. m., dinner, 5:301  to 7:30 p. ni. Rates ?2 and upwards  per day. TIAYWOOD & PRESCOTT,  Proprietors.  T*>e Doacjall Blouse  310-312 ABBOTT STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Restaurant and Bar. Urealtfast 6 to  10, merchants' lunch 11-to 2,'25c; dinner 5 to 8, 25c; lunches put up: eastern and Olympian oysters; short orders a specialty at all hours;  meal tickets $4; l��est 25c. meal in the  city.     D. BURTON, Proprietor.  Meeting.  P. O. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE,, No. 9.  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren welcome.   Bert Parsons, W. '  P.; J. Q. Ure, W. 8., Arcade.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injurv  Health when you usr  the  Ihe  ��� mhr mm  319   SEYMOUR   STREET.1,     VANCOUVER.  Having the only up-to-dato grill room  in British Columbia,' which in itself Is a  guarantee of a first-class hotel and'restaurant. Business Men's LUNCH, from  12 m. to 2:30 p. m., only 25 cents.  Pacific Bottling  Works  Importers and Bottler*  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGRNTH. ,  C. Ellis, corner Cambie and Cordova  streets, is the place where you (jet  your hair cut in an artistic manner.  corner cordova and carrall  streets, Vancouver.  Makes a specialty of Dcwar's special  liqueur, also Usher's black label liqticur  whiskey. Largo stock of imported and  domestic cigars. Finest billiard and  pool tables. R. B. MULLIGAN &  CO., Proprietors.        SNIPER'S SHOE STORE  632   GRANVILLE    STREET,  )           Carries a full Hne of.  UNION LABEL SHOES.  The   Union   Laibel   guarantees   fair  wages and good workmanship.  No scab labor.  Su|)|>Iy  Krom Their nanalmo, bouthBoldnnd  Protection Island 'tolllurles,  Steam, Oas  and  House Coal  Ol the Following Grades:  Doubl* Screened wmp,  Run of the Mine,  i  Washed Nut and  Screenings.  - SAMUSIf HI. ROBINS, Superintendent,' '  KVAXfi COLEMAN & KVANS, Agenta.  .'  Vancouver City, B. c.  The price is now ���  . such.that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  11 Ml Bl. li  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings *���-  Streets.  OOOOOOOOCCCOCOfi  DELICIOUS WINE  Made Exclusively fbom B. c. Fbuit. .,  FRESH CUT FLOWERS.  UNIOK-MADK  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip around tho  Park call on  W. D. Jones Br<^n Po,nt  Lighthouse  eesooooeoe  ���i-l-'XX0'ACltrf���i.i  and  PACIfIC  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES.  BEST SERVICE  Transcontinental     Passenger   Train '  loaves dally At 14 o'clock.  Seattle and Whatcom Express leaves  dully  nt 8:."*0 o'clock.  a  STEAMSHIPS  TO  JAPAN   AND  CHI- '  NA.  EMPRESS OF CHINA         DUG   "l  EMPIIE.SS Ol*' INDIA   DISC.-29  TAIITAII   ��� IAN.   13  TO HONOLULU,   FIJI   ISLANDS  AND  AUSTRALIA.  S.S.     AORANGI    -  S.S.  MOANA,   MIOWERE  ...  _   ...  ...   ni-.O .12 .  ...JAN     1),  .   ...Full.   ��',  And every four weeks thereafter.  Por full particulars as to time, rates; \  etc., apply to . '  B. J. OOTUS, JAB. BCLATRR,  A. G. P. A. Ticket A>:eiit, ���  Vancouver, B. <?.. ��S Hastings Bt'  Vancouver, B.& .  A  \A : SATVRBAV..M.��������^���JAN. 10, 1S03  THE INDEPENDENT^  P. 0. SOX ����. *PHOira 17J.  w. j. mcmllan & co.9  Wholesale. Agents rou  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brand* i  .MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  ��� EL CONDOR, 8ARANTIZAPOS, SCHILLER,  UNION MADE CIGARETTES: KAKNAK AND VICTORIA CUOSs|  Corner Alexander Btreet and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. 0.  inwmiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiii  ��� ���so'  ��������  Union Made  oots and !&hoe$  GO TO  R. MILLS, The Shoe Man.  ceeds like success. "When Sam. Gompers  carried the' American Federation of  Labor around In his coat pocket, and,  later, when he was donated six feet of  Iloor space In a dark corner of the clgar-  ma'kers' headquarters In New York Ve-  cyiuse the American Federation of Labor did not have the price to pay rent,  theve were no Imitators���nobody called  him bnd names���no one cared whether  he had a meal ticket or not. But now,  when thc American Federation of "Labor hns grown to be one of the greatest  organisations In the world, then1 we Untl  all kinds of people wanting to make  federations of labor that will be the real  thlnir. The American Federation of Labor 1b just as good ns thc members of  organised labor In America can make lt.  It Is not, perhaps, ns strong ln some  ways ns It might he, but the'idea of  every man being his own federation of  labor will not better things. If the men  who are so anxious to make new federations of labor at every cross loads  In the country knew what Sam. Gompers went through the flrst ten years of  the Federation's existence they would  hesitate a long time before they would  undertake the job.���Western Laborer.  Papers  DRIFTWOOD.  BV LUE VERNON.  *'Pieces of' individual opinion washed up  by the tide,' boomed, sawed, split and  piled for tho benefit 0f paid-up subscribers,* also for thoso who TMSg, borrow aud steal The Independent In or-  ��� der that they may read and torget  tbeir troubles for a time at least and  ��� enjoy a few minutes whilo cotaiping on  earth where so many peoplo are willing to givo you n. kick and whero so  few offer to extend .a. helping hand.  No one can lay claim to being a  ���f thoroughbred who objects to cheese be-  . cause It smells bad.  Now that the cable is laid we can  ; liave hourly  bulletins from Honolulu,  if President Dole should ever become  the* owner of a boll.  Why'do the brass bands always play  : solemn music at a funeral.- If a real  . ��00d person  Is supposed to go hence  to heaven where nothing but "llowers  ..and love reign supreme," why wouldn't  ..It ibe more In harmony to have -the  . music to correspond to the place where  he Is to dwell forever and ever.   Now,  ���when I depart to the "unknown land,"  . if any body of "wind-Jammers" toot  . at the head of the procession, I van*  .the leader to use nothing but   lively  marches and pretty reels, jigs, and so  -on and so on.  A practical joke Is a. fool's cowardly  ..insult.  When a fat woman tries' to be "cute"  .-she  should  be   lodged  In  the   funny-  head house.  Economy Is all right In' its plae<?, and  .in any place for that matter, but one  ^-should carefully guard against a-false  brand of the article.   Few of us ever  ���reach  the point where we can afford  . to be wasteful,    nut the most watch  fui man I know of is the man whose  life is spent ln studying how he can  get along without spending a cent.   He  robs his wife, ho steals from his children', and  no matter how much money  lie may have when he reaches lhe end  of his life,- he  is a. wretched    beggar  after all.  If-there Is any reader of The Independent who wishes to participate.in  . a hell on earth,   and   feel   their hair  . rising on end, let theni    read   Victor  Hugo's  "Hunchback of Notre Dame."  ���It-Is-appalling,���grotesque.���frightful,.  ��� blood-eurdllng.    Closing  the  book  we  !    THIS BRAND    f  ���9  9  .ft  9  ���ft  9  "9  9  i ft  9  <-0  9  "ft  9  '0  9  "-���  ���  -.ft  O  *..-#  Is a guarantee of good workman- &  ship. Our Overalls will outwear 9  any others, and will keep thslr ft  shnpe to the last.  ��� Ask your dealer for them.  ������     * -THE-   *  (LIMITED.)      ���  V HAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPIS, MAN.  The Pioneer, Virion 'Overall Fac-  " tory.'of the West,    "  *  ��99ft9ft9a*Q990ft9ft0ft9fta9  say to ourselves, "Is it fact, even in  the dark ages, such characters were  possible?" if you arc timid don't read  after dark In a room by yourself. You  may look over yom- shoulder and see  the devil ready to catch your soul, and  drag you down fo his'den, .   -    -  No person has any idea of the  amount of ���'rot" or "gush" that is talked over the telephone. A "spooney"  young couple will get at the 'phone and  tire away at each other sometimes for  an hour.  A man from Valdez, in telling i,s  about his giant radish, which was  grown by him, said: "It Is a black  Spanish winter radish, and has leaves  as long as a pipe dream; it is larger at  the'top than the aspirations of one or  two councllmen of Vancouvor, and has  sapped a lake of all Its water. It looks  like a merry-go-round; ' nnd is slill  growing. Hugs fattened on Its ,leav  now weigh forty'pounds."-        :'  There is  a whole    lot of    peoplo  Vancouver who ought to start the new  year with good  resolutions,  and  stick  to them.   It would benefit their fanill  Ics and the community.  * The meanest slander is that which  Intrenches Itself behind the admonition:  "Don't tell who told you." These live  words mark the coward who has too  little courage even to stab in the back,  unless all danger of detection be first  removed. There are cowards who stab  in the back and take the chance of a  fight afterwards. But the "don't-lell-  who-told-you" coward will stah in the  hack only when the victim has b��!nn  blind-folded, and escape is certain.  The guerilla that shoots from, ambush, even in the time of wiir, is despised and condemned. Infinitely mcri��  contemptible is the coward'y sneak  that slanders in secret. The scandal  mpnger seldom has much reputation to  preserve. When he or she'ls unwilling  to stake even the reputiitioin of a i,can-  tlm monger, upon an assertion, the assertion must be accepted as iif vi ry  litlle weight. No honest man or v.onian  can afford to repeat or disseminate  any slander, llie authority of which  cannot-be given. "Don't tell who told  you" more than marks the coward. It  Is the tradesniark of a liar, probe to  the bottom of n scandal bearing this  tradesmark, and in nine cases out of  every ten you- will Iind narrow, selfish  lnterest~or_mean-personal-spite;   A woman can learn to love any man  that she wants to take away from somo  other woman.  The Hlble says, "Lovo your em-mles."  lVe will never do it. Love a creatine  who will go behind our hack and He In  a sneaking manner and then say "don't  tell  who toh'l  you."    Never!  WILLIAM B. HEAHST.  The ofllclal count shows that W. B.  Hearst of the New York American  Journal, has been elected to Congress  by the astonishing plurality of 15,800.  This may rightly be regarded as a  sweeping victory for organised labor.  More than 500, trade union leaders endorsed and aided in rolling up this tremendous vote for William B. Hearst.  Organised labor in New York and all  over the country regard Mr. Hearst as  the best friend "they ever had. His  three great papers ln New York city,  Chicago and San Francisco have at all  times given organised labor the* most  hearty, honest and valuable support.  The election returns show that organised labor has appreciated a true friend.'  WALL  F. P.  72fi Pendr Street.  It la a little early yet to talk about  Wall Paper, but I want the people to  know that I am now opening; up the  finest stock ot Wall Paper that ever  canje into this province. Of course we  have not received our full line, but  have enough to pleuse most anyone,  and we are going to continue to sell  these beautiful 1903 coloring and patterns at the reduced rate until the busy  season opens. Anyone wanting Wall  Paper or work of that kind lt will pay  them to buy now, even If you hold It  over for a month or so. Ours Is n  Union Shop, always has been and always will be. Boom moulding to  match all papers. Agents for the pro  vlnce for white enamel letters for  signs, Kalsomlning, painting, etc., .ind  all work guaranteed.  TO OUT OF TOWN CUSTOM BBS It  ls ulways a pleasure to send samples,  Drop a postal card stating price, color,  which room or rooms, size, whether !)  or IS Inch border, required. Wo will dn  the rest.  Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AD9  Labor Council meets first and tbirS  Thursday ln each month, at 7:30 p. ta.  President, W. J. Lamrick: vice-presldeota  P. J. Russell; secretary) T. H. Cross; financial secretary, J. T. Lllley; treasurer,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms, C J,  Salter; statistician, J. H. Browne.  BVl'lltY MAN IIISiOW'N A. F. OV 1..  Anil now comes the startling announcement form Savannah, On., that  there is n strong sentiment In the south  In favor of organising a Southern Fed-  eratlo of Labor, "south ot tho Potomac  lu thc stales bordering on the Atlantic  and the gulf." The Charlotte Industrial  Journal prints the plan In a letter from  a man named F. K Cllne. That^is the  stuff. Let us have a Southern Federation of Labor and a'Western Federation 'of Labor and an Eastern Federation of Labor���in fact, let us all organise a federation of labor���let every man  be his own federation of labor. There's  millions in'lt. - Sam. Gompers overlooked  a bet when he failed to have a patent  issue'd'on'his American"iFcde"ratIdn3<if  Labor, then he could command a royalty  on the use of the name.'-,Nothing.sve-  Grand Rapids, Wisconsin, has probably the cheapest telephone service on  our side of the water. It Is a co-operative affair, and twimty-ftve cents a  month for residences and a dollar and  p-halt for business places is the aver  age charge after the dividends are set  off against the expenses. As an instruc  tive contrast* to ' the grasp of  monopolies upon the laige cities,  the Grand Bapids telephone company repays study. The pilvate  monopoly which existed ln Grand Bapids when the new system was started  offered to put in new instruments, rent  free for throe years,in order to crush Its  infant rival. Local patriotism, however,  looked beyond 'the present, and the free  telephones were,declined almost unanimously. The private company retired  forthwith from the town, and the cooperative company now controls the  situation. No one is allowed to buy  more than one share of stock'for each  Instrument actually- used, and thus the  control of affairs can never be taken  rrom the individual members.���The Outlook.  EVERY KIND OF  : Job Printing Done i  SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY.  Independent   Printing  Co'y  BASEMENT, FLACK BLOCK, VANCOUVER.  SHIRT WAIST AND LAUNDRTl  WOIMCERS UNION, No. 103-Meet*  every 2nd and 4th 'IjHjrsday In each  month In Union Hall. President, G. W.  Rowlands: corresponding secretary, H.  Alltree. 1027 . Richard. Street; financial  secretary, Miss M. ���Whitman; treasurer.  MIks Jcolouae; delegates to Tnudes an*  Labor Council, G. W. Rowlunds, 3. Har-  glc, W. McDcrmott and I. J. Colthart, ^  WAITERS AND WAITUKSSES' UNIOSS  Local No. 1!S. President,. Charles Ovtrj;  vlci-|ircsidciit. A. N. Ilcrrliigton: secr��-  tniy-treusuivr, -.T. II. Pvrklns; recording,  secretary. Hiss A. Scuitto; Press agent,  W. ]'*llen<ler. Mooting c\ery second Fri-~-  iluy evening at 8.110 o'clock in Union  Hull, corner Homer and Dunsmuir streets  "JNITED BROTHERHOOD OF OAft..  PENTHRS nnd Joiners���Meets eveiy-  second and fourth Wednesday In Union,  hall, room No. 2. President. A. E. Coffta;  vice-president, Joseph Dixon; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin; financial secr^.  tary, J. M. Sinclair; treasurer, J. Ferguson; conductor, G. Flngley; warden, -Q.  H. Blair; delegates to the Trades an*  Labor council, R. Mfccpberson, J. M.  Sinclair, Geo. Dobbin, Jos. Dixon. Geo.  Adams; delegates to thc Building Trade*  Council. M. McMullen,'Levi C. DeWolfa.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACK-  SMITHS, Vancouver Union, No. 151���  Meets the first and third Monday In each,  month at 8 p. m., in Union hall, Homer  street. President, Robert Gray; financial  secretary, George Nesbltt, 1207 Homes  street: recording secretary, D. Robinson,  box 37, Vancouver, B. C; delegates to  the Trades and Labor council, William  Latham, D. Robinson, R. Edwards. ���  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113. W.'"' 1  F. M��� meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  m. In Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, J,,  ���".V. Austin; secretary, Alfred Raper;  treasurer, A. G. Deighton; conductor,  XVm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patterson.               UNION  BAKERIES.  W. I.. Muir, Jlount Pleasant.  ' Robt.    McDonald,   Avenue Bakery,  Westminster Avenue.  Montreal Bakery, Westminster avenue.  F.    Adams,   Scotch Bakery, Hastings slreet.  W. D. Kent, 56 Cordova street. ^  Toronto Candy Company, Cordova  J. Oben. Hastings slreet.  street.���  Minchen Co., Granville street.  ��� Barnwell Bros., Granville, street.  M. McMullen, Granville street.  Ilcwtoii Bakery, Hastings street.  ,W.    Murray,     Fifth avenue, Mount  Pleasant.  Non-union List.  .J. Dodson, Hastings street..   7"-^ -F.-W���BARTLE���  " Secretary Local Union No. *4C,  .Vancouver, B. C.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that  application will bo mntlo at the Legislative Assembly of tlio Province of British  Columbia, at Its next session, for an Act  to incorporate a company to construct,"  equip, operate, and ninintnin, telephone  and tolegraph lines, within nml through  the niulnlaiid ol the province of British  Columbia; nnd to construct, erect, nml  maintain, poles nud other works .and devices, necessary for making, completing,  working and inniiitaliiiiiK, communication  by telephone and telegraph within the  mainland of tlio snid Province of British  Columbia; nud to open and broak up any  jiurt; of the highways or streets within  the said mainland; nnd to purchaso or  lease ,or dlsposo of lands* or buildings  within tho mninlnnd of the said Provinco  and to purchaso or lenso telephono or  tolcgruph lines connected or to be connected with tho lino which the said company mny construct; and amaiguhinto  with or lenso Us lino or lines or  any portion or portions thereof, to nny  other compnny; and with nil other incidental rights as mny ho ' necessary to the attainment of tho above  necessary to tho attainment of tho nliovo  objects or any of them.  Dated., at Vancouver, B. 'C.,' this 18th  day ot December,' 1983.  ; .     D. G., MACDONELL,    /  ' *   1 Solicitor for Applicants.  Program and Platform  OF THE  PROVINCIAL PROGRESSIVE  Meets in Union Hail 2nd and 4th  Thursday in Each Month.  Vancouver, B. C.  PROGRAMME:    -.  January 22.���Hon. J. C.Brown, of New Westminster  will lecture oh " Politics and GoverhineiVt;.,r, "  February 12.���Rev. R. Grant will lecture on  "The  Labor "Problem.''      - -    .  February 26.���Ralph Smith, M. P., will give an address on the " Labor Question."  March 12.���President  Chris. Foley will give an address on " The Progressive Party���^Its Aims and Objects."  PLATFORM:  Following Is the platform adopted at  the Kamloops convention of the Provincial Progressive iParty:  That this party lays it down as a  first principle that they will nominate,  endorse or support only such men ms  will, place their signed, undated, resignation in the hands of the convention  which nominates or endorses them;  that this resignation-be-sworn-to;-that  this resignation may be handed in to  the lieutenant-governor in council  whenever a majority of the convention  shall consider such action advisable.  1. That we gradually abolish all taxes  on the producer and the products of  the producer, shifting them on land  values.  2. Government ownership of railways  and all means of communication.  ,1. That the government establish and  operate smellers and refineries to treat  nil kinds of minerals.  4. Thut t'he franchise be extended to  women.  fi. The abolition of property qualifications for nil public ofllces.  C. lUrm Improvements, Implements  and stock not to be taxed, and wild  hinds to be assessed at the price asked  for them by speculative holders.  7. No land dr cash subsidies. Lands  to be held for the actual settler.  5. Ten per cent, of all public lands  to* be Immediately set aside for educational purposes and education of all  children up, to the age ot 16 years to  be free, secular and compulsory, text  books, meals and clothing to be supplied ' but of the public funds where  necessary. .   " .  9. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes.  10. Restriction 'of "Oriental" Immigration by a law on thc lines of the Natal  act, and If said law be disallowed, it  be repeatedly re-enacted until the end  sought is attained.  11. That to protect us from Asiatics  already in the province the government  insert a clause In ill private acts to  this effect: "This act shall be null and  void if' the .company fails to enter into  an agreement with the government as  to conditions of-construction and op-  eratlon," and that the house pass a  resolution to prohibit the employment  of Asiatics on all franchises granted  by thc provincial house.  12. Conservation of our forest riches,  pulp land leases to contain a provision for re-foresting so as to produce  a perennial revenue ' and make pulp  manufacture a gi owing* and permanent  industry.  13. That the net compelling the scaling of log*) by government scalers be  enforced.  H. .Absolute reservation from sale or  lease.of a certain punt of each known  coal area, so that Htate owned mines.  If necessary, may be easily possible in  the future. All coal leases or grants  hereafter mnde to contain a provision  enabling; thc government to llx the  price of coal loaded on cars or vessels  for shipments to B. C. consumers.  15. Municipalization and public control of the liquor traffic.  16. The right to a referendum where  a valuable subsidy or franchise is to  be conferred.  17. That all transportation companies  be compelled to give free transportation to memlbers of the legislative assembly and supreme court and county  judges.  ��� 18. Kleotion day to be a public holiday, and.provision made that every  employer shall lie free from-service at  least four consecutive stura during  poMing ttae.*  CIGARMAKERS- UNION NO. 3o7���  Meets the flrst Tuesday In each month.  In Union Hall. President, C. L. Kuhn;  vice-president, C. Parsons; secretary, J.  C. Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;*  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Schuylmeyer; delegates t��  Trades and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. L.  Kuhn and John Mlllan.   THE    RETAIL    CLERKS'    INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-.* -  meets   In O'Brien's Hall,   the first aJi��.  third Tuesdays of each month.   P. Mo- '  Lean, president; W. J. Lamrick.  wcr��-  tary, 248 Princess street.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND'  DECORATORS, Local Union No. IM.  Meets 2nd & 4th Thursday ln Labor Hut.  President, W. Favler; vice-president, w.  Halliday; recording secretary, E. CruBB.  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Gothard, S22 Howe street; trea��-  urer, H. MeSorley^  ..\T13RNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OP"  Electrical workers. Vancouver Local.,,  No as���Meets second and fourth Vcdnes-  dnv In each month in O'Brien's Hall. President. A. McDonald; vice-president, J���.  Dubberley: recording secretary, S. XV..  Huston: financial secretary, 11. V. Ran-,  kin.  _  AUXILIARY, NO. 1, l.OCAL 213, I. H-  E. \V. Telephone Operators���President,  Miss .T. Hunter, 812 Homer Streeti; vico-  prcsidcnt. Miss F. Livingstone, 660V  Granv-ille Street: recording-secretary,,.  Miss J. Browne, 827 Richards Street;,  treasurer.    Miss  E.  Mcntloy. '1121  Sey- ���  niour Streot.       __^  JoORNBYMBN BAKERS' AND CON;  I'TSCTIONERS' International Union oC  America. Local No. 48. Vancouver, B.  C. meets first and third Thursday lit  each month. .President, T. A. Baxter;  vice-president, S. Walker: treasurer J.  Green: secretary, M. MacLean, 21C0 Wcst-  miu^tcr Avenue.   JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union, No. 120���President*  Fred Huwc; vice-president, J. A. Dib-  don; corresponding-financial secretary, 3m  A. Stewart,- 51 Cordova St.; recorder^  W. Hawkins; treasurer, G. Bower; guide*-"  A. ir. Legatt; guardian,- A. E. Anderson; delegates to T. &. L. Council. Fred  Hawe and J. Gilman. Moots flrst anc��  third Wednesdays of each month in Union Hall.    JOURNEYMEN TAILORS'  UNiON   OIJ.  America, No. 178���Meets' first and-"  third Mondays in room No. 1, Uiwoat  hall. President, C. Whalen: vice-president, F. Logg; recording secretary, F,,  Williams, 1814; Seventh avenue \V.; financial secrotary, T. Wood; treasurer,  W. W. Toombs, sergcant-at-arms, T.  Mathews.  BUILDERS' LABORERS' FEDERAL.  Union, No. 32, Vancouver���Meets-  every Thursday evening at 8 o'clock, ia.  room No. 1, Union hall. President,,  Fred Collins; secretary, H. Sellers, Western Hotel; delegates to Building Trades  Council, H. Sellers, Chris Foley am*  John Sully.  VANCOUVER- TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 220, meets the fourth Monday in each month at Union Hall.  President, C. S. Campbell? vice-president, H. W. King; secretary, S. 3m  Gothard; P. O. box (56; treasurer, Geo,  Wilby; sergeant-at-arms, A. F. Arnold;  <A-eci!tive-cominittoc,-V,'.-lt.-Hunt,-C.-E ���  Picrrott, W. Brand, Robt. Todd; delegates to Trades and Lubor Council, W,  Brand, S. J. Gothard, F. W. Fowler.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION�����*  Meets second nnd fourth "Wednesday,,  of each month in Sutherland Hall, corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings?'  Street nt S p. in.    President, Jas. Mc-<  Gulgvin;   vice-president,   A.   G.   Ell.otts..  secretnry,  11.  A. HiMch; treasurer, XV..  11.     Viinik'runrkc-r;     conductor,     H...  Howes;   warden,   G.   Martin;   sentinel,  I). Smith; delegates to Trades and La���,  bor Council, li. Marshall. F. C. O'Brien,,  Geo. iLcnfesty,  A. J.  Wilson and Jas.  llctiulmui.  INTERNATIONAL    ASSOCI ATIOKl '���  ot Machinists.���Heaver LodRe, No.,  182.���fleets second and fourth Monday in each month in Union hall.  President, Geo. P. Dowucy; pasb  president, J. R. Edwards; vice.ptes-  ident, H. J. Littler; recording secretary, J, H. 'McVety; financial, sccre-  tar'y, J. Anderson. ^_^   Burrard Election  TO THE ELECTORS:  Your vote and influence is lespectfully...,  solicited for the return of Hon. Dr. T. ,  It. Mcinnes ns member ior Burrard inf -  thoMIouse of Commons* at thc approach-^  ing by-election. HIsaddress appears ij&;(  the daily, newspapers.    "  u  m  -If  i THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.  ..- -JAN.' 10, isos:  ������������<-Xs>��c^^ Fol��>')  when    the  ��� , capitalist lets go sufficient to Insure the  Watch the Daily Vaporf  for announcements  of  KENNEDY'S mo SPECIAL  DRY GOODS SALE.  .���ee 7  U will ho over  in u  few iluvs.  ��. W. KENNEDY'S.  (Successor to Scott & Kennedy)  303 Hastings Street,        Vancouver, B. C.  No Weak Spots!  Our UNION JIADE Shoos  from Canadian and American Union factories are tlio  best in the land. Men's,  Ladies' and Children's Shoes,  durable and .stylish.  gj THE PERSON SHOE CO., LD  301 Hastings St.  MR. GRIFFITHS' HKPLY.  IXo the Editor of The Inhei'Kndkst:  Sir���Tn your issue of the 27th Inst.  ���I notice  Mr.    Foley    condescends    to  "briefly" reply to my letter of the SDtU  lilt., covering a space of live columns  ?v   in the vain attempt to disprove the un  deniable   facts   contained   therein.    At  the outset he says,"I have not the time  nor the disposition to go into the matter in every detail," and apparently not  the   , intellect,    if     misrepresentation',  abuse,  and   inconsistency is  any  criterion.   A vein runs through the whole  "   of Mr.  Foley's long dissertation characterizing it the product of a perverted  intellect,  so  many glaring    contradictions and subterfuges does it contain.  ' ������'. . "For instance, "poor old ..Griffiths'  body  lies mouldering iiithe clay,"  etc.    In  ."���  -what respect does this affect the question under    discussion,    unless  to fill  c ���  your columns with senseless   twaddle?  ���'...   Now, Mr. .Editor, I cannot deal. In ex-  tenso with all the scatter-brained ideas  ,.-. ���contained .in  Mr.  Foley's    voluminous  'letter.   Your space is too valuable, so.I  .;  -ivill dealjn as summary a man ner as  ...possible ";\vlth',ih<" main : points.     Mr,  V A Foley'-, sets out with a mine ���Illustration!  in which he tries to excuse the exploita-  ������:��� tion of the worker, arid prove the com-  7 -muriity of interests, he claims - to/exist  ���between the employer and employed, by  accounting for the original aecuniula-  7, s tion of the employer's Wealth, gained  ���'���:'  (as lie says) by honest labor.   Now, the  !   point iit issue," Mr. Editor, is hot, how  ". v.- the 'original .accumulation was acquired, whether.honestly or dishonestly, the  .*. .reflect  is the same,    and .although he  !: anay.be entitled to.the wealth he ac-  7 cumulated as a worker, the minute he  ..yiuses that wealth as capital, to exploit  7:  wage .labor,, he Is^not, and never can  V -be excused,' o-.- entitled to the wealth  '. jproduced by others., Now, the point, at  '.'. !assue is! whether there! is, or i.s not, a  V .community of interests'; existing be-  '-..'. -'rtweeti the eighty starving miners and  .���the mine owner,  for, says Mr.'-, Foley,'  '"my.want has ben gratified (profits). I  Ihave gartified  theirs (work)."  .  Have  '���X'i-!you,lMr. Foley?   Was it work, or the  il  means, of life these������ starving   miners  7 "wanted?   if v/ork, could...they not just  , V -as well have worked  for  themselves,  ���iby digging' holes and 'filling . them up  again?  Do you not see; Mr. Foley, that  7 :the only dlffeience between, the -wage-  slave and the chattle-slave is that one  as driven by the whip of hunger; and  the other by the black-snake? .'What  ^^-ionest^liitelligc-nt^inari-in^tfiis-enlight^i  <ned age Would claim that   any   real  community of interests existed between  .--the chattle-slave and its   owner.-' Tha  .   chattel-slave's interest was.to be free;  lis owner's to keep   him in bondage.  ���And the same applies   to   the   wagi  slave. Mr. Foley's shingle machine lllus-  J!B������������������������������������������  Tbe Salt  | of Life  is business.   Wc want more of ,  it.   AVo'll get it if an out and out  bargain will fetch it.  How Is This  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle    s.  or  Fountain Syringe  75c.  1 Th�� McDowell, Atkins,  Watson Co., HI Liability;  UMO-MTE MUGCISTS. I  tration is of the samenature, only here  more so than in his former illustration.  He shows a greater ignorance of econ  omics.   He says:. "I earn $1,000 work  ing at .3 Per day, with   which I purchase a shingle machine (with a capacity equal to that of. twenty men, operating under the old system).   I employ an idle, operator to run this machine at t'3 per day.   In. the course of  time he accumulates sufllcient capital  (whicli .should read wealth)  to  buy a  machine of his own.   He in turn gives  employment to   an idle operator, at a  similar wage to tha,tjwhich he himself  received while accumulating the stealings which he exchanged for the: machine.    Finally the second operator is  enabled to exchange his stored-up labor  for a machine.   This is repeated indefinitely.    Now,  since  the machine  Increases the productive power   of   the  operator twenty to one7is'he (the operator) entitled to all he produces; when  the,machine he operates, representing  the.stored-up labor of another, producing nineteen   but   or   twenty shingles  manufactured?    Do  you  not  comprehend, Mr. Griffiths, tliat the employers'  starlings, as you call them, in this case,  justly  belong  to    him,   as    does Irtlit*  money., earned' belong to the. man  he  employs." -Now,- Mr. Editor, outside 'of  the metaphysical,    individualistic and  consequently 'unscientific illustration of  Mr. Foley's,: it is in direct opposition  to the latter portion of his.'letter, where  lie  says,   "I  despise  conditions .which  permit one .individual.',"'lb appropriate  to himself the fruits of another's toil,  which system lias,tilled the land with  tramps and the alleyways with! .prostitutes,, that  have, created !  the sweat  shop and the palace,    the. millionaire  and the pauper,, thathaye.transformed  the child   into ah; industrial   weapon,  used to .'crush Its own parents."7  Now,  Mr.  Foley,  arer'not,. these7  conditions  solely due  to  the  fact that  the employer   appropriates    to   himself,, tlio  greater portion    of labor's   products ?  How,well you have unconsciously illustrated    this explanation,   by   "'your  shingle'.'machine- .examples. . And yet  you! claim that the owner of the machine, by virtue of. his ownership,: is  entitled to nineteen . out    of    twenty  shingles produced.   In other words.for  every dollar he produces for himself  ho must produce ?19 for his employer.  Do you not stand .convicted: by your  own words, a double-dealer, a mislead-  er of the working class?. And do;you  not stand twice condemned when you  permit yourself to represent   a party  .W-hoso^-piatform-ls���cnpltnlls'tln-L.'in���Its  entirety?   But "there are two sides to  a question," states Mr. Foley.   Granted.   The capitalist and the wage-worker, ���exploiter and exploited,  oppressor  and oppressed.   I stand for the latter;.  ycu, hy your own.statements, for the  former.   Now to the economic side of  the question.' All production Is not anj  individual  but a socinl act, requiring  not one but thousands ot human beings, organized co-operatively for, the  production  of our single shingle machine.    It  Is produced,  operated, and  tiie product distributed solely by labor,  end to  the laborers  It rightfully belongs, and not to tho capitalist non-  producer,  any more  thnn the burglar  has any rights to the tools   he has  bought "with money earned honestly"  for the purpose of robbing his fellow  man.    And yet    Mr.  Foley claims  :  community of.interests   existing   between these two, the exploiter on the  one hand, the exploited on the,other,  between  the vampire and, ita victim  Pause, Mr. Foley, and reflect. Would  there have been any community of interests between   the   burglar and' his  victim had' the burglar' returned* part  of the spoils to the   rightful owner?  Tet_there is a community'��!,Interests*  worker turning up the next day to pro^  duce more wealth. Mr. Foley, your position is untenable. Yoii had better  abdicate, and not let your excessive  vanity, and sreed for notoriety, be a  bar to economic light.  Regarding the "50 acres of wild land"  proposition, I would refer Mr. Foley to  a careful perusal of Herbert Spencer's  ninth chapter of Social Statics, entitled  "Titled Deeds to Land." There he will  iflnd un undeniable refutation ot his position.  As for Mr.  Foley's mere   assertion  that I am an apostle ot an organization that is in the habit of organizing  scab unions, I emphatically deny this  in toto.   Jlr. Foley says he can prove  it.   Bring out your moots, Mr. Foley!  The S. If. P.- Is next accused of advocating an open door immigration policy in regards to Mongolians. Now this,  Mr. Editor, is nothing more nor less  than a dnstardlyjle, and no one knows  it better than Mr. Foley, and I challenge him to prove that I or any member of the Socialist Labor Party,ever  advocated such a policy. 'What we do  claim   is   that   the    exclusion    of  the  Mongolians, is not the  solution  of the  labor problem in British Columbia, and  that it is   simply   an issue    that is  marched out to ride would-be capitalist  politicians into oflice.���It is simply an  effect of capitalism,  and we point it  out as such, and'it  is no   more the  cause of the degradation of the workers than spots on the   sun.   England,  France,  Germany, etc.,  have no ChiJ  nese question,   yet'the  working  class  are  in worse  condition  than  here  in  B. C.  The Mongolian was brought here  in thc interest of the capitalist to compete against, the white worker.   So long  as he Hilled  that capacity    only,  we  heard no cry from the capitalist politician,, but.since they have started! to  compete,In business against the,middle  class the mongolian issue has become  prominent.   And, of course, we are told  it is solely in the interest of tlie wage-  worker.    And  now,  Mr.7 Editor,  I am  after air. Foley's $100 he has so munificently, offered, against    my '_. statistics  being correct.;  Those;statistics;!.7were  Karl  Marx's and are taken from  Ch.  II, Page 14-15 of his Value, Price and  Profit, which work, has proved Invulr  nerable against all attacks * of trick  politicians and" bourgeois   economists.  A,perusal of7 the above..work,'��� I.:have  no doubt, would: enlighten'���'������Mi'. Foley  on community ot interests and economics in general.: What I said* about John  Mitchell ..at- our meeting on the street,  I stand-by,, ar.d "i. agaiiiquote Hie. Detroit Journal of October 23,,over thej  signature.ofW.L. Haywood,,secretary  of the--Western Federation of .Miners,  who said: -. "I': believef that Joliii Mitchell is an emissary of the coal barons,  that he sold  out and filled his  own  pockets by'the coal strike.   Everything  points to it.' He did not order the strike  or favor it,until: a supply of 10,000,01)0  tons of coal had 'been iaid by and then  he. agreed to'.a 30 days' armistice .with  the civic federation.",.  In conclusion, knowing Mr. Foley to  be : an .honorable * gentleman, and**.'ever  anxious to settle all debts 6f honor," ��� he.  would oblige'by-malting'his $100 cheque  payable to the undersigned, on the  Canadian Bank of Commerce.���'.,,,���.'.'':'.  " AVM. GRIFFITHS.  LABOR WORLD.  The memorandum prepared by the  labor department of the British' government shows that.icompared with a year  ago, employment has fallen off, partic  ularly In the iron and steel and ship,  building Industries. Employment for  dock-laborers In London shows a de  cllne. The proportion of unemployed in  the trade unions making returns was  4.8 per cent., compared with 5 per  cent, in October, and 3.8 per cent,  ln November, 1901, The changes in rates  of wages reported during November affected 247,300 workpeople, of whom 244.-  500 received advances, and 1,800 sustained decreases. The nett effect of all  the changes was an Increase averaging  7 3-4d. weekly per head of those affected. During November, W01, the number affected was 258,000, nnd the nett  weekly result was a decrease averaging  7 l-4d. weekly per head.  A curious discrepancy prevails as to  the state of the engineering trade in  the east of Scotland. The employers declare that business has never been so  bad during the past 40 years as it is now  while the trades unions officials declare  that very few of, their members are on  the unemployed list. The men have the  suspicion that the dolorous reports of  the masters precedes a proposed reduction of wages.  The Wood Workers' International Union issued eleven new charters during  the month of November.  The London County Council, one of  the most progressive administrative  bodies in the world, and one served by-  more men of ability than any similar  board, is sending a committee across  the Water to study the building question, by the'light of American practice.  TJie chief cities of the United States  will be taken in. The question of'Plac-  ing as much accommodation as possible  on a given space is becoming a pressing  one in the: world's metropolis.  >*m^x9X9X9X9:r*x?xr*?*.  THE WHEELER & WILSON i|  High-Speed Sewing Machine I I  '"���'��� '" ''���'.���-���:";'. ' i~'-'''y;xxyiA~i'':Xfy''xiJ'xx'A'j��\  Vie have just installed one ot these wonderful"'machines in our  store, fitted with a small electric motor. We invite anyone,* Interested to come and inspect the machine, and the ' extraordinary  speed it'can attain���as high as 4.00U stitches a minute. Everyone  is welcome.  Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. I  SOLE AGENT  );���*���&���*���*���*��.  STOVES! STOVES! STOVES*  We have now ln stock a full line of  the best Heating stoves in the market  and have made a very low   price ! on7 them to clear them out in a hurry.  COAL BASH BURNERS, COAL H OT DRAFTS, WOOD HOT DRAFTS.  PLAIN AIR TIGHTS, CAST TOP AIR . TIGHTS, ETC..-ETC.  McLennan,  McFeely &* Co~  Phone 44.  122 Qordova. Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 106J.,  The, Savoy has an entirely,, new programme for next -week. That's the  place to spend a good evening.     .*���",   "  BKNKFIT  OF EIGHT-HOUR  DAY.  George .XV. Perkins, president of the  Cigarmakers' International Union, thus  writes to the Federationist of.the eight-  hour day: Q  "The sentiment of our members is, I  should say, almost unanimously in favor  of the eight-hour work-day. XVe have  worked eight Hours since 1SSG.' The regular working hours are eight per day.  The members certainly favor ait eight-  hour work-day. This law, in our organisation, was adopted by the refer-  endunirihatisrall-membeiVliad'airbp"  portunlty to vote upon the question. The  physical, mental and moral condition of  our members has steadily Improved  since the reduction of the'hours of labor to eight per day. Statistics, recently compiled, show that in ten yours  after the adoption of the short-hour  work-day the average length,of lite of  the members increased Just six years.  The same statistics show that the average length of life of the wives and  mothers of the union cigarmakers increased, In the same period, eight years.  There Is no question hut the moral condition of the cigarmakers has steadily  Improved under the eight-hour day. I  am prepared to state that this is a fact  from careful personal investigation. Our  own experience In this connection warrants me in saying that a general reduction of hours throughout the country, In all branches of trade and commerce, would result to the general good  of the entire population. What It has  done for our organisation It would, almost of necessity, do for other crafts."  Hunt, Cambie street.  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  Dan Stewart, Cordova street.  Club'b & Stewart, Cordova street.  W. Murphy, Cordova street.  MaRae & McDonald, Hastings street,  east.  E. Larsen, Hastings Street.  J. Carrelll, Cordova street.  Kimon & Co., Cordova street.  Johnson & Higgins, Cordova* street.  S. McPherson, Cordova street.  ���^^���**3^*&****^^  Locks and Latches_^s��>  We especially ca'.l ym;r attention to the Tact, that our stock  and assort merit of locks and iatches, Butts, Screws, Cupboard  trimmings,  ,as:i unnmiiu;?, ;u fact all  CIGARETTES  XVe, the undesigned, linndlc the  only UNION MAM-- CIGARETTES  made in Canada .JfcKARNAC, V. C.  amlT.&B.  H.  S.  G.  G. MOORE  HARCUS  W. WEEKS  W.J. McMillan & Co.  Wholesale: Agents for B. c,  Corner AlGsiindcr;St. nnd Columbia,Ave'.  Vnncouvcr, B. C.  V. O. BOX, 29G. <       PHONE, 179.  t  ;rc  Hardware for House or Block |  c have a corr.p'ete line   of the leading American and l'a;adjan 3*'  goods and-wo will put you next to quality, price and v\ijety. ���*  Nothing adds more to the appearance    and value of a house *.  than good,, tasty modern triimmings.   * *  Wc have them and believe you want them. 5  Vancouver Hardware Co.,  f  339 Hastings Street. |  *%9Z^9%*%*%9*  at���  Big Sale of   ..  Now going on   ..  JOHNSTON, KERPOOT if* CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., 0|.|>. Wm. Ralph's.  #  ;   GEO. HAY   :  Vancouver's-  Pioneer    Clothes  Benovntor, mnltes a suit new.  Dyeing and Repairing.  216 i.'AMME St., VanoouvSb.  " The Beer Without a Peer."  ��� �����  ��� ' Brewed right here In Vancouver by men of y<?ars and years experience and in a "orewfiry-whosc plant is the most perfect known to  the art of brewing, Is it any wonder that it has taken a piaCe in  the hearts of the people which no other beer can supplant?  $1.00 Dozen Pints  $2.00   "     Quarts  Brewed by ,  Patronize the  Blue Label  BRANDS-  Telep'aone 1���2���6 ior a fine livery  turn-oat. J. J. Sparrow, P��laco livery'  BtableB.  Breweries. Ltd.  Vancouver, B, C.  and for sale at all flrst-elass Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels.  Cigar Factory  NEW, WESTMINSTER.  1 i-  , I.  t b��  Begiiiniiio Young   :;-  ,Whon oyos. aro found to have ;  any defect, however, slight, tnoro i t"  is but one thing t�� do. Provide i f'  gl��8ses early.' Have, thorn examined i f"  by our doctor of optics, Mr. ��� AJ. i i ���  Ion, and* gut a, pair to * fit: yom i i-  jroperly. All- work guaranteed.      1 i- ���  .DAVIDSON BK��&��� :1  A*r����t�� in -Ha IMtBMjMtt.  l9A4faaaaia^JLaaaaMa%a^^aimL.


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