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The Independent Dec 27, 1902

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 ."���./'���-ffl-jr  I :���  \ tliveLlbr'y Mar. M,0_.  THE ROYAL ..RANK-  OFVCANADA1   d  , .8AVINQ8JBANK.^  '    & Getaal Pa-tilting Biutmtaa    r]"nui8aotoa.  CUJUUKIB���pmttnga BtreaViW..'  grUBtmlnetar Miean% Vancouver.  1&HUUE1T-M1I1I��  SAVINGS CO.  Authorised Capital-. NO.OOoW  Bnbwribed Capital - - 1,600,0*  Assets Orer ���    ...     300,000  Head Office, SZl'Cambie Street,  .    Vancouvor, B.C. ��� ,,  VOL. 6.  Vancouveb;vB.<c.,v sattjbday, December 27,1902.  NO 14.  Trades Unionism  ? - -        . '������'���?".'      *.;      ��� ��� <f.' s.-i ']  (JpMto-Date  -JR. N. Casson, a Weil-Known American Writer, Contributes  "an Able Article on the Duty of Labor Organ-  ��� .izations Towards, the-Movement.  It 'is not so many years, since it  Wps a crimo in the eyes of thc, law  to belong to a trades union. Unionism, arson and counterfeiting were  supposed to be three of a kind; Since  those days trades unionism has fought  and-,won", To-day"a union is,as legal  as a. bank' and much more necessaiy.  Tlie wage-worker who docs not belong 'to a union to^lay is regarded,  efen by his employer, as a stupid  dolt. With its 1,500,000 'members, the  American Frdeiation of Labor has  tecornc the strongest. industrial or-,  ganizatioii in thc world. The monopolist has behind him millions and  millions of , money���a force thai is  obedient to the hand tliat controls it.  The labor leader, on thc other hand,  Has behind him thousands of men,  a large proportion > of/jwhom are recruits in the army of unionism, and  as fractious and obstinate as a team  of bucking bronchos'. It is much  easier to handle organised money  -than-oiganizcd men. , '      <  \\ '��� 'Thi Fierce "Glare ���*'  *>f publicity, is turned upon the modern labor leader If lie makes the  slightest mistake it is telegraphed to  every city jn the country. A single  hasty word may cause lnm to lose  liis caso and .bring poverty upon the  men who,placed lum'm*hisi position  The labor leader bf 'today mist have  principles of steel. There arc hundreds  of millions' atfstakcJm the great industrial batllps rin which he is a general. *He' "* must not only be' afiov e  dishonesty, but above the least suspicion?-of lCjjTJis leadership of a  trades Simon) therefore,' depends on  the intelligence,and stamina of the  rank snd flic.. Ignorant men, %vill always trfioo&c ignorant leaders-.' That  is why democracy" and cducatioil must  alw.tys;go hand in hand,, else democracy will- , lead to corruption  and dfceay. ,' ' A mob , '' ot"' men  who spend! lfciis^<k''tli&usa,nds,.!;l year  onibeei, and }et will not Sup*li.rt 01  even'iead then own trade'paper, cannot sccuie s,  ,             A Capable Leadci  1 v        X ' 1  except by accident No clever, efficient man Mill, (ot very long, allow  himself to be giound between two  millstones���Uio power oi tbe capitalists and ibe ignorance'of thc work-"  ers whom he represents.' " Havelock  Ellis s.tvs th.it JU--I . s wc iccogm/e  the Egyptains by then p>iamitls,  thc Giecian�� bv" their statues, the  Romans by,then iculs^ and the ln-^  dial's by theii flint arrow-heads, so  tbe civih/al.on of to-dav will be icc-  ogiu/cdhy the bici bottle There'  is moie Lrulli (ban ijjjcv in tins remark, and il is safe'to" say that any  fiody���oi workcis who, rare, more^for  beor, horse races, prize fights ond thc  latent, m'uidci than thev do for ' .the  success of then union will always be  ladly officered and poorly paid. Empty heads make* empty pockets. What  can be expected of a 'union* that will  generously O , K ovei y^ bill for free  cigars,  clam-bakes and picnics, and  citizenship   and    practical    politics  must, be studied. . '  Parly Politics. /,  should not be taken into thc unions,  but. .unionism should be taken into  every political 'qontcst_ in tbe. country." Every strike shows the necessity of having mayors;' sheriffs, governors and congressmen who ate not  the puppets of the trusts. Up-to-^  date Unionism will not only unite its  votes,'but it wiH 'go to the prima'  nes and select all'candidates for pub',  lie oHiee, in,whatever party victory  is easiest. It wilj bend all its- energies to elect all officeholders, from  path-master to president. . It will  build up the circulation of its trades  papers,'until the,-daily .press will be  compelled to echo their editorials. It  will choose as its leaders men who  'FOLEY'S PARMA SHOT.  -Sir,���In .your issue, of Nov. 20th I  observe a communication from Mr.  Griffiths, of the S. L. P., in which  your readers arc informed that only  by an interchange of ideas can we  acquire a correct knovvlfcdgo of economics, whilo in the next paragraph  the writer-launches but into a whirlwind of dogmatic assertions covering  every field of economics upon which  he finally places tho .seal of infallibility in the following words: Thc  S; Li'.* P. is prepared to prove���(1)  That labor produces all wealth'; (2)  that wages is that part of his product that he is permitted to'retain;  (3)Profits arc the running stealings  of the capitalist from day to day.'  (4. capital is the accumulated past  stealings of the capitalist used for  the exploitation of laboi, (3) that if  profits increase wages decrease, and  vice versa We have heie, he says, an  irrepressible -conflict between the  capitalist and the laborer The reader will notice that there is no limit  set These conditions apply to the  relation of the laborer and the capitalist in every field' of industry and  under eveiy condition that may arise  No profcssoi, he tells us, can ceil it,  and nn labor fakir can straddle it, it  can end only' in either tho subjuga-  ,  ,, ,,      , .,   ..    , tion of the laborer or 4he extermina-  can hold their own with the lawyers, ���     0, th   capitahst.   Mr. Foley, he  and    cap.tal.sts-largc-mindcd, mas- superficial v.ew  of  tcrful men, who will everywhere com-1* ���,   .    ... ..   ' ,,    '      .  .   ..   .this question   llus is ralhet  mand respect.   It will attract to its '  cause all that is sound and sensible  in the middle and professional classes  and carry on its war against thc  exploiters and the parasites until  industry and 'government arc both  purified Trom special privileges and  every form of injustice Then, when  every one works, the''American Fed-  ,ciation of Labor will become another  name ioi the whole American tiation.  R   N  > -,<     f  7TT  CASSON.  ,"*t  i  W.i  OFFICERS ELECTED.  At 'tbo last regular meeting of the  Waitcis' and Waiticsses' union, local  No. 28, following oilieers were elected foi the'ensuing'icim: President,  Chas . Ovcr,'.victr-president, A. N/  Herrington; secretary-treasurer, J.  II.!Perkins, iccording secretary, Miss  i\. Scuitto, picss-agent, W. Ellandci.  On Monday evening Vancouver Typographical  union, ,No.  226,  elected  ofljc'ers.ijas follows: 'President, W. J.  ifrcKay', \icc-piesideht, 0. E. Pieirot,  secretaiy," W. II   Hunt, treasuiei, J.  F   Watkins, sctgeaut-at-arms, James  Wcbslci,    executive committee,     R.  J'odd,   A     C.  Finbow, II. F   King,  lialph    Wilson,  delegates to Tiades  ind Laboi council, R   Todd, II Cowan and ff. Hartley.  Haggle foi an Hour  ovcr a small account for trades! union literature'' What can^be hoped  for from unions which'will'turn out  live hundicd strong'to��a danco and  only fifteen to a lecture? These are  thc vital questions that trades unionists iniist answer. These point out  the weak places that must bo mado  strong. When a corporation holds  an important meeting every- stockholder is in his place; that is why  corporations arc ruling the. country.  When a trades union holds an important meeting only 40 per cent, of tho  members are in their places; that-.is  why * trades unions'aro* NOT ruling  the country. Years ago Carlylc said:  "This question of the organization  of labor is the greatest problem in  thc world." To-day oven the professors of poli'1":' ''onomy,arc realizing,.this, to be true. Unionism is  growing aiid ' developing in many.: different directions. In a score or more  cities the unions already control the  municipal governments Every question, therefore, that relates to good  ^%a��'ecent'^  tionalV!AssociationV7!qf!sVMacbiiiists,  Kpotenajk Lodge,- NoV; 258^at'VRevel-!!  'stoke/- tlie'following; oliTiccrs "were duly.'  :electedA;for ; -the'!, ensiling'V'.;���'.term:;  President| R. B.! Farwell;i:past president, > V;PV Donaldson; V "vice-president,  D,7' Jackson; corresponding'sccrctiuT,'  CiVtlU Wilks; finaiicial:'secretary,x'ti  W'aamaii;V'treasnrcrV;<A:VW.V-Saxton.VV  j'.This;-! union starts;.'the new year.,  with -fVbriglit prospectsV.iirid-a!good,  membership. ! At\ a.specialVmeeting a,  few, days, since tcii'iiew members 'were  initiated. 7 -77'.  '    , ;i iXJAxiyxiiJl.  AT CALGARY.  ���Tlic"iabor~movcnicnt-iirthc~city_bf  Calgaiy has made i.ipid strides in  the past year. Oiganization work  was tal'ii up and now the following  tiades ate oigani/ed, namely^ Typographical union, Retail Clerks, Car-  pcntcis,^ Lcathei Workers, Gcnoial  Laborers, Metal-Mechanics, Carmen,  Machinists,' Trackmen, Boilermakers,  and several otlier trades aie being organized. -The- union meetings are  held in tho 'lodge room ovct the cooperative store.   ,  f,   0  Thc Trackmen's Onion held an "at  home" last Saturday evening toi the  good and welfare of tho order.   The  affair was ,1 big success.  ���M  ��� it  BAKER'S BALL.  The Journeymen Baker's,*. International "Union No. 120 will'hbld its  annual ball' and supper on Wednesday evening, January. 21, 1003 ll.ir-  pur's orchestra'has been engaged for  thc occasion, and an' energetic committee is at work arranging affairs,  and it goes without saying that thc  function will he ono of the ev.ents of Ito   all he produces and my profits,  the season. :' I are       away     ln     access   of   the  A Strange   Manifesto  originating with a man desirous of  interchanging opinions with me in order that "I," of course (for ' he appears to Know it all), may acquire a  broadei view of economic tiusts.  Now, sir, 1 have neither thc time  noi disposition to go into this matter in every little detail, and hence  \vill"simply call Mr. Gnllith's attention to ,a couple of incidents in this  connection that have come undei my  observation, and in which I had personal interest in the" one as an employer, in thc otlier as a laborer,-  both of which 1 feel contradicts Mr.  Guffiths' position Serving 20 yeais  as a mmei at ?3 30 a day I accumulated $10,000 which constituted any  stoitjd-up labour, 01 Capital, 01 stealings as,he puis it. ,I)id I steal if  If so all wages aie theft, and tbe  struggle betw cen "labor and, capital is  a struggle between two sets'of  tliic\.cs Tlns^ you ,l\v-.U, hardly concede. ' Hence, I may safely assume  lliatJt lifiic a^Qimcd mv capital bones tlj*X" I invent fn'-'a mining'"proposition, in an industry where the chances  are'fully 00 to 100 in fa\or ot thc 111-  \cstor losing not only his time, but  his investment also Wc*begin operations Tlieie aie SO idle men mst-  ling the mines ior. a job I need and  cinplov them ' at $���) 30 a da-��� just  what I icccned when accumulating  iny capitfil Pause, Mi Giiflitbs, and  leflecL Is there no boinmuintv 01 interest nnohed in tins transaction'  .My want has been giatificd, 1 bate  1 .tt 1 lied tlicus Now, sir, ton -will  observe I am exchanging mv dajs'  stoicd-up laboi foi that of mv employees' days' ability to laboi. A  fair exchange is said to be no rob-  beiy llow docs mutual c.\clianee of  j-iimlar values transform mc into  A Thief  and my capital into stealings' Oh,  but, you say, youi profits wctc out  cf propoi tion to the wages jou payed. Now, let us sec.' 1 am speaking  of"the*"rulc-Uorrr_mync\pciiehcc="n6V'  the exception in mining Wc li'cgin opeiations duimg the iirst yc.it My  profits, ���* are 20 per cent, ou the m-  ycstnient .This fact induces me .to  double thc number of men employed,  which increases my payroll proportionately., I am distributing .2 to  labor for the $1 I did thc year previous Docs this fact contiadict  clause fitc 'i: your manifesto, which  reads "as profits increase wages decrease,'1 and vice versa' Commonly  speaking, from an individual standpoint.your contention is coirect, but  in tho aggregate you are wrong. My  experience-" in this case makes it clear  that increased profits, gcncially  speaking, .means an, increased aggregate wage, and as a natural sequence more constant employment  means increased wages per uidiud-  ual. , Sustaining my former contention that an increase in price, generally accompanying increased demand, means increased wages. But,  you tell   me, tho laborer is entitled  price paid ���' for labor, which  fact transforms me into a robber.  Let us see.' During the second year  wc' have a shrinkage in oro' values  we operate at a loss., At tho end of  the year I find I have nothing for my  services as manager, and the capital  invested, together with the flrst  year's profits, have disappeared. It  lias been transferred to the pockets  of my employees. The laborer has  evidently procured more than he pro-'  duced. Is he a robber? Now, if he  refuses to share in my'loss is he justified in demanding a share of the  profits had the venture been successful? Taking, as I did, all the chances  and putting in  Day for Day  with my employees' am I' entitled to  no greater rcwaid if success crowns  oilr efforts? But you say lie has risk-  cif his life. So did 1 111 accumulating  the t storcd-up labor invested, and  winch I exchanged with lnm day for  day and dollai for dollar and also  in ' my' daily services as superintendent. In my case then labor appears  lo have been thc exploiter and the  capitalist thc exploited. The inference is cleat that' there arc two  sides Id this question and no socialist labor fakir can straddle it. Again  being compelled to close down and discharge my men who, at a great loss  m time and money, must seek employment elsewhere, had tha capitalist and laborer any common interest  111 thc success or failure' of the venture? I hold, sir, from what has been  said, that if the miner refuses to  share in my loss he 'is not entitled  to share in my profits, and hence is  not entitled in this, and in many othei cases, to all he produces. These  conditions would apply only undei a  co-operative commonwealth which  desirable conditions arc scarce yet  in sight, and, hence, we aie justified  111 regulating these things until better -conditions obtain1 My dear sir',1  in your refusal to rccogni7c these  patent facts 111 youi appeal to ''the  socialist labor gallciy, you manifest  cither a shameful, inexcusable ignorance of thc principles jou advocate,  01 you are a false prophet seeking lo  deceive in order to gratify your excessive vanity and  ^   yr^  Greed for Notonety.  The 'conditions above described applies to .1 veiy laige pcicentage of  the mining piopcities opeiated in  British Columbia duiing the last 10  years Again, I cam .1,000 working  at-'?3 .1 day, with whiih I puiUiasc a  shingle machine (with ' a''''capacity  equal to that of 20 meii opciili'iii; undei the old system) I employ 1 an  idle opeialoi to run this machine'at  S3 a d.ij ��� In lhe course of time be  accumulates sufficient capital to buy  a machine oi his own He 111 luin  gncs employment to an idle opciatot  at a similai wnirc, 1,0 that which  be himself received while accumulating the stealings which  be exchanged for the machine  Finallv, the second opciatoi is enabled to exchange his stoied-up laboi for a machine This is lcpeatcd  indcftnitclv. Now, since the machine  incicases the productive powei of  thc opciatoi 20 to one, is he (thc  opciatorj entitled to all ho pioduces  when tho machine he operates, representing thc storcd-up labor oi another, producing 19 out of the 20 shingles manufactured' Po you hot comprehend, Mi- Guflitlis, that thc employer's stealings, as you call them  in this case, justly belongs to lnm,  as does the money earned belongs to  thc -man he_employs? Should_n'oth~  ing be allowed Toi dctcuoation 111  value, or for the use of something  which lepresents the ctloits.of anoth-  ei? Or, to put it 111 anothci light  I work two months jcrrying on the  railway, for. which I receive $30  This represents my entire  Capita! cor Stealings  which 1 exchange with the government'for 50 acres of wild. land. I  toil for ,20 years in order* to make it  productive. Old age compels me lo  desist. Not desiring to become a  public chat go I lease my homestead  to an idle laborer for 5100 a year,  This land has become productive because of the labor I have expended  upon it. Now, your position would  justify the tenent 111 refusing to pay  mc .the $100 rent, although he enjoys tho fruits of my last 20 years'  labor, less a bare living for myself  and family while improving thc land  Why, sir, were a Fiji islander 'to  take such a position it would brand  him   as   a theif, and a. government  STEVEDORES' TROUBLE.  There is troublo on - between thc  Stevedores' union of this city and  the Vancouver and Victoria Stevedoring Company. It appears that  this company on Tuesday started  loading the British bark California,  which is docked at the C. P. R.  wharf, and refused to observe the union rules.  On several occasions the representatives of the union asked Manager  McDcrmott to comply with the prevailing    working regulations of the  longshoremen's     association,       but  time   he   flatly   refused     or1 stood  the matter off.   So it vvas owing to  Ins   repealed unfairness    in this regard that the men refused to go   to  work, and they intend to have their  lights before re-employing with this  firm, which has already been placed  on the    unfair list.   It may be explained that when a firm is put   on  this list that it must pay 40 cents au  hour day work and 30 cents night,  which is, 10 cents above the fair list  wage, because the union men     are  only! employed in* cases of emergency  and not regularly.   The law of   the  International Longshoremen's;. Association   is   very    stringent on this  point.    It   provides that "whenever  any vessel or barge loads or unloads  with non-union men, then it shall be  the duty of the local where such work  is   being done to notify   the locals  where such vessel is destined to enforce extra charge of ten cents    an  hour or five cents a thousand for unloading lumber, two cents a ton for  unloading iron ore and coal, 23 cents  for elevating or trimming grain, two  cents for trimming ore and coal,' and  lor    boats    which do not trim two  cents a ton extra for unloading,     It  is also provided that boats loading  or unloading lumber shall be punished    by enforcing igram, coal 01 ore  rates, and'those loading ore, coal 01  grain shall be punished by enforcing  lumber lates, and when boals still re-  iuse to obseive union rules, the local  unions  aie icquestcd to double the  fine for each succeeding oflencc"  So in this case*it is quite evident  that this stevedomig company is an  old oflcndei, and the union would be  deicl'.ct 111 its dutv did it allow the  itw of its international to be rode  ovei lough shod.  The gang that stalled loading thc  California at 1 o'clock* on Tuesday  was composed of Capt. Doty (of the  California-. Capt Atncsmuv and F  AltDcimcU both ol the .Stevedoring  company, and the ciew* of-'13 'As' to  he ability of this "force" it mav be  staled that dunno; two and a half  lioms work it dumped about 20 tons  of giain into thc hold With the  same number-'of.'union.inch this ,'vvoik  should have been accomplished in 13  minutes���including stow age  "Mien these IS worthies stalled in,  Capt Dolv led the pioccssion 01  trucks, and the bovs looking on cleared the "gang wav," and just as he  came out with a tiuck-Ioad of giain  he said lo the crew at the "slinys '  "Wc have done this betoic, bovs,  haven't we'" Evidentlv* tbey appc.it  as if thev weie old hands al the  scabbing business.  One of the bovs jokniglv said thai  ���\rcDeimotl should ta'>c a lesson, eie  it is too' late, from the' fate of e\-  "King" Trowbridge who Was .beheaded by his ovvn company foi getting  into tiouble with the Slcvedoies' union dining the wintci of 1890-1900  did considerable business for the pro-,  motion of purer politics.   There were  no    oratois    on band,'but a- good  bunch'of debaters showed.up during  thc course of tho evening.   A consti-'  tution and by-laws was adopted and  a movement made to have a district t  executive    appointed   so as to complete the organization fot thc Siocan electoral division.���Sandon Pay- .  streak.  [Oontinaod on Page Eight.]  STEAMSHIPMEN'S SOCIETY  The B C Steamslnpnieii's Society,  the pioneer union of the Pacilic coast,  with headquaiteis in this city, has  been granted further jurisdiction over  the territory of the Yukon. This un*��  ion is in a very healthy condition and  its future outlook is bright.  At its last meeting thc following of  ficcrs were elected foi the ensuing  term President C. 11. Thompson  vice-president, T. S. Wrightman;  sccictaiy-treasurcr, Geoigc Noon.ui,  patrolman, C, Williams, master-at-  arms,. RiMuslo; inside sentinel,"K.  J. Evans; outside sentinel, P. .Mulligan; delegates lo Trades and Lahot  council, T. S Wriglitiiui!, C." Williams; alternates, W. II. Phillips and  V. Mulligan  The union meets every first     and  third Sunday in each month in-"the  K.-of P. hall.    '        . ,    *  DEMAND THE CLERK'S CARD.  Complaint has 'J been! mitdc that  many union men have,when purclias*  ing goods, never asked the clerk wait*  ing upon them for Jiis card. Do not  take it for granted that a store  whicli displays the union store oard ���  has a full: force'of'.union .'clerks.: Ex-  Ua men are frequently employed who  areinot members of the clerks' lo-.  cal. Furthermore, a clerk may bo  in arrears for dues in his local, and  not have a current working card and  he, unquestionably, is nol entitled to  the patronage of any union man or  woman. In order to piolect the  clerk vvho pays his dues, every union  man and woman, and cv ery one . in  sympathy with union pnnciplcs,  sliould call for the current card of  every clerk with whom they trade.  This action on the part of friends of  organi7ed labor will prove very beneficial to the retail clerks''locals in  forcing all laggards to pay their dues  promptly, and will be the means of  compelling all non-union clerks to  join thc union and keap their dues '  paid up.  " PAYSTREAK " PARS.  ;. Johnston7:4IieV CV.pVVR. cmplojee-  at7Montreal-* wli9!'':gave conductors-  tips* when to .look but* for lartway <t  spotters,;! ��� wasVsent*to! the pen last  week- forVtwo? years.7 Had VJ ohnstoa  swiped'a''*few millions,7 or robbed1 the-  widows .and orplians.i.hc:. would pro-  bkbly.-.li^ve'Vgbtten-a.larid subsidy of  ten';*,! million !acrcs**6r,:a, scat^iii -the-!  Canadian-iSeifate^'V-c^V*!   :      ,,      "     ���  ��'    "' '* -���; .--,   c' v -,y :     ' .  /The .cityVbf-'Halifax' has been compelled- by -''the,; action- of.the court to  acce'ptVa-'Gari.egie!Jibrary Andy is  iiaving^ahardltiiiielgiying bis money  away..iHHe:V should;.'';have-paid fair  wages! arid;sav(^:liimself; theV.ihcoh- "  vcnicncc.of having! stichVa large pile.'  7-Prcfpntaiife,! oil;being;asked for his.  views:-,!oiiVtlic tariff; said that they  wereHo Vbc!-found'-! in'the /tariff: Jaw7 of  189?.!:, /This^makesV^Prefoiitaihc VV'out  'as!'.iiuich!Va'VVpi;p'tcctioritst as TaitcK  with!'- I'essVbravcrv! 'Lauriei might  better have kept.Tarte,'���:'���  -! It:costs inorc: money, !to gcta carload , of [ supplies through the oust oms  oflice: than;; it. does to ship it acioss  the edntihent. -.y-yvAyAjJ;  7Thc    Ontario! ?!���'government.; isVbusy    '  ���writing':  testimonialsV.!for the.Rbss  referendum' a.s '''a,preventative of pio-  hibitipn.-!''!     ilA'xi yx.;--i              ��� >  ii St. jLbuis^judges /arc-^proving*!that  a, man:with- a common million is not  100.. rich*, to ������; be * sen t: to. jail  !^Canada-should ��� own the  Canadian.  Pac-if ic^and - every;! other -.'mile, ot railway ;������ in the ;dominion!Vv'V;  : Chris!'7 Foley .was."never! cut. out for  the!political game inVV'ancouvcr. He  is hohestVVV7'-xii.���"'���'-'xii;'���'*  ; Canada;-'needs;: a. .little less  imperialism";  aiid a littic more Canadiait-  ism.!'-!;'.-': .;---:-*',; "Ayliliii  ��� Never kick at. a!man who is down.  ���hjMi^vggeQiLj______L___y   1     PROGRESSIVE PARTY.  About 40 members of thc Progressive party met at thc city hall   of  Sandon, on Thursday evening    and  FROM SAN FRANCISCO  Thc elcetiical wniKors aie now enjoying tbe ciahl-hnui d.iv Many of  them have also received incicasc of  wages.  ,  The differences between the Western  Sugar refinery and the Sue;ar Workois union have been settled. The union benccfoith will be inogni/cd.  ���Thc Building Trades coiinnl is taking necessaiy steps to scenic the resubmission to the rnnl" uf tho  Geaiy street railway bond pioposi-  tion.  Sccietniy Rosenheim of thc Labor  council Js m,the cast enlisting tho  support of the boycott, ni;ninst California tnnncrs who lefuse to pay fair  wages for a fan dav's woik. He Is  meeting with success.  Thc demands of the grievance committee of 'the Brotherhood of Loco-"  motive Eneinceis have been planted  bv thc officials at S^n Francisco.   A  5 per cent   mciw-c . , wages.  h#\  i?;i  'IJ  When you wart t   hlrn a tir��t-clae��-  horse and "suBpcv.  if  to  the Palace*  J livery (tables.  Ti>T<">** m�� K5 '     J  >4I  ^  5p;K ^.���Lfrii ^i^-7r "���*"  .ji-^=3-*>..'tV_-_,.r*'tw ���.'-r,^T,.p^-=-*~^->-|-i-^r*~"-J,1"=J-'"  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY, DECEMBEIt 27, 1902 '(I  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY IN THB IN-  TBRwrre or this massbb  or  THE BTOBPBNDENT PRINTINQ COM-  PANT.  BASEMENT     OF     FLACK     BLOCK.  HASTINGS STUEET. VANCOUVER, B. C.  BUBSCRIPTIOiNS IN ADVANCE.  A week. 6 cents; month, 16 cents; three  Months, 36 cents; six months, 65 cents  so* jear, fl.X.  BNDOR8BD BY TUB TRADES AND  LADOR COUNCIL, THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be had  at Gallowuy's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY,   I) ICC KM BER 27,  1003  a strong ministry Irom the present  liouse. The government jannot throw  away money without thc sanction of  ilie assembly and every member vvho  votes to sustain this ministry should  be held responsible for its actions Thc  cabinet only acts on l'ie decisions ol  the party caucuses. We gather that  the Prior ministry will live out its  lull term, and it looks .us if this wii!  be the case as it lias been promised  f��ur of a majority when parliament iisscinblcs. It vvouid be no u��ry  Kr.cut surprise either (or Mr. Patterson lo join the ministry: Thc  only thins l"*'ft (o* the people to do  is to build up the Progressive Party  and return it  lo power.  A     happy    Nevv    Year to all our  iriends, patrons ami readers.  ft  ���J PROPICRTY QUALIFICATION.  / We vii-re rather surprised at the  ,1 Trades and Labor council on Tuesday night strikim; nut the clause favoring the abolition of the property  qualification lor,mayor and aldermen.  Were this done for political expediency, similar to the tactics adopted  by the oilier fellows, there might  have been some excuse Ior dropping  this issue for the present. But this  does not apply in this case, because  the trades council has been for years  advocating this proposed reform. Wc  ventuic lo say iiiai no workingmen,  who has studied this matter, vvill  hold that the property qualification  is at all in his hest interests; but he  will find that the principle acts thc  very reverse. Property, regardless  of the people, should not be represented in the municipal council any more  1han it is in the legislature. The  city council should" he an institution  of the people for the people and not  for a few land holders. .Some of our  " very best legislators did not own  enough real estate to bury themselves  in, yet they were good citizens and  did more service for thcir country  than those who owned thcir acres.  In the old country many cities and  towns have abolished the property  qualification, vvith beneficial results.  Are vve to he considered behind or  less progressive than they arc over  there? Besides, poverty of property  should be no crime, which it is so  long as a resident is deprived of his  franchise because he does not happen  to ovvn a lot in Ihe town he makes  his home Agnin foi instance, a  tenant, may pay out over $500 a  year rent and yet be debarred from  holding ollice, and on thc other hand  ?. foreigner, owning an obscure lot  or two in the suburbs of the city,  and for that fact is entitled to hold  office, a/though he knows absolutely  nothing of municipal or local political aftairs. There aie many good  men who arc compelled to mortgage  their property or put ii in their  wives' names for safe-keeping, and of  * course can't hold public ollice. Thc  property qualification is an old-time  relic which should he discarded, and  therefore Thc Independent can not  support this iniquitous .principle.  PROCiRKSSIVKS    TIIK   ONLY  1IOPIC.  The by-Clcction in North Victoria  last Tuesday has resulted in the return of Mr. Patterson, who polled  196 votes as against Mr. Robertson,  who received 153 votes. So far as  the government and the people were  ���concerned it made practically no difference wliich of these two gentlemen  obtained thc scat. Some of thc  provincial press, principally disgruntled, say that the result of this con-  - test-vvas-a-rebuketo-llic-govcrnment.-  This is not so, but it was a rebuke  to the gang of grafters that unfortunately supported the defeated candidate. Anybody of any sense or  knowledge of provincial politics  knows    that it  is impossible to get  FRtACHU VS. MAGIC UNURN.  Be preuchtd itioul tiie plenaare  Tlint thi're Ih ln ilolng jiwd,  lie hclil lh�� ncrlpturei nscrcil    ���  And hu dlil tlie tiesl he could  He conroli-fl the weeping widow  Anil he dried the orplmn's tear,  He luwle Ills sermonssehuU r I  llut lew turned out to hear.  He jirtHClicd nbout the danger  Tlml there l�� In ilolng wron  Hi' held thut being righteous  Goes for moro than being strong  Hu prenched that men should follow  Thc I.onl> teachings day by day  And presently he noticed  That thc people stayed away.  Ho hiinght a magic lantern  And fonie slides to fit thc same  And iinnounced that he hereafter  Would be up with the game  He studied blanp instead  Of pouring over iiuc;?-. lore,  And the crowds ere long bega  To have to lino up at thc door.  He ceased to warn bis hearers  They ought to change their ways.  He ceased to preach the gospel  Anil he studied to amaze.  He says they're coming easy  He's- cocky as can be.  They've given him a liner house  Andrals-cd his salary.  AT THE PICK.  Softly the shadows are stealing  Over the disc of thc sun,  Tremble** the Hca as If feeling  Kcmorse for thc deed it has done.  Slowly the wind is abating,  Here in the spray and the foam,  Fondly you're watching and waiting.  Yonr wanderer will not come home.  Follow the sea gulls ovcr,  Crossing, rccros<*ing their track,  Never a tale of a rover  Brings news of ibe good shir- back.  Sud were the kisses at parting,  Mournful the things that were said,  Unless tho tear that was itarting���  Yjur prayer was prayer for tho dead.  Memory, seeking forover,  Cornea to thc edge of the deep;  Weeps for its dend, but will never  Discover the place of their sleep.  THC TIDE.  Once in our lives the tide goes out  Leaving a desert of sand,  Sweeping our hopes and dreams nway,  All thai was joyful and grand.  Tangles of seaweed strewn about,  ������ Far from the rocks where they grew,  Lifeless and drear, like hopes that died,  Moments of rapture wc know,  Once in our liv^s are priccloss gems  Vanish like pebbles and shell,  Leaving ns bowed to shed the tears,  Tears we endcavered to quell.  Leaving us lone with empty hands,  *   Seeking the treasures we missed.  Longing for friends that went before,  Yearning for lips we have kissed.  Once in our lives tlie tide goes out,  Yet, while we weep by the shore,  Foaming and singing the wuvea roll ln,  Healing the henrt that was sore.  Filling our souls wilh purer joy i  Itound us its treasures it hurls  Till wc behold through tearful eyes  Millions of shimmering pearls.  ���Luz VIKKON.  UNION   BAKERIES.  W. D. Muir, Mount Pleasant.  Robt.    McDonald,   Avenue Bakery,  Westminster Avenue.  Montreal, Bakery, Westminster avenue.  F.    Adams,   Scotch Bakery, Hastings street.  W. D. Kent, 56 Cordova street.  Toronto Candy Company,  Cordova  J. Oben, Hastings street,  street.  Minchen Co., Granville street.  Barnwell Bros.,  Granville street.  M. MciYlillcn, Granville street,  llewtoii Bakery, Hastings street.   Non-union -List   W.    Murray,     Fifth avenue, Mount  Pleasant.  J. Dodson, Hastings street.  F.  W.  UARTLE.  Secretary Local Union No. 46,  Vancouver, B. C.  *������  <�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  J  it  n  We Wish You a  B1o|>|)ij and Prosperous  NEW YEAH.  Tbe Jeweler and Diamond Merchant  .,   .  COB. GRANVILLE AND MASTING* STRECTft.  Official Watch Inspector of the C. P. R. , ,   -  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.'  $0��"Cn^^'e .a 4)4) 9 if '^^^.i'^����^0  ;��,_(><>����� ���������������^���������<>0* ������������������������������������������������  FAIRVIEW AND ITS TREATMENT.  To the Editor of The Inpipsmiext:  Sir,���A few yeara ago, during a  provincial election, .1 cry was raised of  Island versuB Mainland.- Then more  recently, locally' we liave experienced  what was denominated; East-end ��� versus  West-end. Now everybody, knows that  sectionalism, or even party.sm in  politics, when ic is a sound, healthy ,  honest rivalry, is a good thing in every  community; but it is equally generally  known that when this Kpirit is carried to  all posxililu vxtri'ines, it invariably  result* in n statu of affairs peculiarly  baneful, and utterly demoralizing iu its  effects upon all cIhshuh comprised within  thu bounds of any commonwealth however large or small.  And this brings 1110 to the firct point  to which I would cull attention. Souid  twelve yeara or so ago, just after tliu  particular part of the city designated  Fairview hud been denuded of its heavy  growth of bush, 11 mile, of lots in that  district vvus held. At that time Mount  Pleasant was more insignificant in the  matter of population than Fnirview is ut  the pret-ent day, and the West-end (or  more definitely, Ward one) was chiefly  a stretch of wilderness. In those ancient |  days the five wards of the city had two  representatives each on the Board of  Aldermen; and although the districts  mentioned contained such a sparse  settlement, no one ever thought of raising a question as to the equity of allow,  ing them to retain their two members  each at the Board. Now, when within  the past four years Fan-view has grown  in population nnd importance to such an  extent as to warrant the creation of a  new ward, and to dumand independent  representation in the City Council,  many of the residents of Vancouver  south of False Creek and west of Bridge  street arc justly incensed at the underhand spirit of sectionalism evinced in  the by-law lately introduced by one of  the sitting members for Ward Two,  wherein it is stated that Fairview is'to  be elevated to the position of u seperate  ward, but is to have only one Councillor  on the Civic Board. In what has this  district transgressed that it should be  treated iu this manner? Is not its ���area  of sufficient extent to warrant a little  more justice at the hands of "the powers  that be?" And is not its population  several times as large as that of more  than one ward at the time when the city  received its Charter in 1886? I contend  that the ratio of representation for Fair-  view should not be struck from a comparison of the number of its prcsentresi-  dents with those of the other wards in 1902,  but from an estimate of the position it  is bound to assume if given the treatment that is meted out to other parts of  the city. I also hold that poor legislation is n thing to bu condemned, and no  legislation equally so.  And this leads me to speak of thc  second point to which 1 vvouid draw the  attention of your many readers. Ever  since the inauguration of the street cur  service, all parts of the city have been  better looked after in the mutter* of  communication thun thut part of the  city which is the prospective Ward Six;  and even the Pender-Powell line,, which  used to have a car every twenty minutes,  has had its time reduced to seventeen  and u half minutes. It may be contended that when Fairview is given four cars  every hour, this part of the city will be  in a better position thun thc line just  .referred to; but when one remembers  that Mount Pleasant commenced with a  service of fifteen minutes, uud has had  the time of the cars reduced successively  to ten, eight and five minutes, it is not  situll unreasonable to expect thatFairv lew  will be given a better than even a fifteen-  minute service. Contractors and builders are almost unanimous in saying that  if this suburb hud better street-car  accommodation, for every house that has  been erected of late years three would be  put up; and would not such an increase in  the population of the "ward" as this  would mean be a good thing, both for  civic finances and thu revenue of the  street;rar~con7pirny?���It is_h~6pird~tlfisre-~  fore that the electric railway people will  see tlieir way clear to givo us a ten-  minute instead of the projected fifteen-  minute run.  In concluding this somewhat lengthy  epistle, permit me to make a suggestion,  the inauguration of which vvouid tend to  relievo the rather congested slate of  trallic at certain houses 011 tho Fairview  routes. Were a double curve inserted ut  the corner of Granville and Davie  streets, ami a Mngle curve at the corner  of Westmilister and Ninth avenues, und  of course switches at the proper places,  this lino on Fairview could very easily  hu made 11 belt-line by running the curs  alternately, or 11s nearly so as may be  north and west from Mount Pleasant.  , In tliiB manner a very much bettor  service would be provided und thu cost  would not be bo much greater that it  would not bo repaid with interest within  a comparatively short time  Thanking you, Mr. Editor,' in anticipation of the publication of this letter.  *       ' Kaikpavkk.  Fairview, Dec. 22, 1002.  lOUSeS;;  One hundred and Fifty  Ladies' Cashmere^ Flan-  nol,AlbatrossandFrench ;  Flannel   Blouses  to  be  % offered Saturday regard- ;  less    of   cost.      These  ^ Blouses are all fine goods, ���*',  good fitting, nicely trimmed,   plain   and   fancy  patterns.  Special Price  Saturday $2.50  DRYSDALE'S  170   Cordova    St.,   Vancouver.  We reach wherever the mails  reach.  +4).'.4)9 .���96) ��"��� 4)t) * �� ������'' ��� ������  0 -   -  When thinking pf your'jriends and wondering what would >   be most,  suitable for them iri the styjpe ot a  I-i.s-'* i Christmas oifx '  remember that we carry one of tne largest stocks of goods suitable for  useful presents .for men and boys in British Columbia. We can only enumerate a few of tbe articles, such as  '   Fancy neckwear, in all the newest shapes, Fancy Suspenders, silk an*  Linen handkerchiefs, Kid Gloves, lined and unlined, silk umbrellas, with  plain and fancy handles, for ladies a nd gentlemen, Leather Pocket Book*,  and Purses, Leather Collar and Cull Cases, Military Brushes,    fine   fitted  Handbags, Suit,Cists, rtfy  ,    , -        .   i, ,   *_  CLIJB6   *'   STEWART,  Telephone .,702.  309 to 315 Hastings St. W.  I  Yt  VS33H  URE  ALATABLE  OP8JLAR   -  Thousands are using  nothing else but CLARIFIED AND PASTEURIZED MILK & CREAM.  It gives health/Jstrength  and vigor.  'Phone your order to  I International Icep  and Storage Co. li  i i99990'0,99-9+)9409'099iO999'994>99*p�����>���������  :;    - *_vmat><  o  l>  o  <>  1>  it  n  <>  n  <>  n  o  n  n  <>  it  n  ti  -��� -      -  ��� ��������������� ���������������'������� 9009099#������������������< t  ol hurrying about buying Life Insurance no many men think and ��ay. At  least two strong reasons., ara: Oo od health ia uncertain; increaaod cost ia  certain.  What's tho use ol waiting might'better.ba saidt  UNION MUTUAL. POLICIES    .  ���nay be depended u|>on to - protect throughout the ��� Varying experiences    of  human life, to faithfully guard tHo interests    ot the    insured, and to be  promptly cashed when they become payable.    Values and privileges abound  and   ara   convcnfcntly   available.  Detailed facts gladly furnished.  After three yeara the Union Mutual Policies'do not become void by falling  to pay premiums, the Slain Non-Forfeiture Law without action bf tiio  Tollcy-holdcr, continuing tho Insuranco, for a Specified length of time.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848!  Call or write for particulars And plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W.,Vancouver/B.O-  J. E. EVANS, Provincial ;Manag��r. .  qOLIN CAMERON, Special Agent.  Phone 4IS.  Gore Avenue.  ���$*-^&***^*<>***^4*^  PHONE I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of work la this line promptly attended to.  CORNER   HASTINGS   AND     CAMBIE  STREETS.  VANCOUVER.  .New, modern and strictly firsOclass;  good sample rooms; froo 'bus. Week  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a.'- tn., lunch  12 m. to JS p. m.,*dinner, 6 to.8 p. ra.  Sundays���Breakfast 7:30 to 10:30 a.  m., lunch 12:30 to 2 p. m... dinner, 5:301  to 7:30 p. ra. Rates $2 and upwards  per day. HAYWOOD & PRESCOTT,  Proprietors.  Tbe Docigall House  310-312 ABBOTT STREET. VANCOUVER, B. C.  Restaurant and Bar. Breakfast 6 to  10. merchants' lunch 11 to 2, 25c; dinner 5 to 8, 25c.; lunches put up:'eastern and Olympian oysters; short or*  .ders a specialty ' at - all hours;  mcnl tickets $4; best 25c. meal In the  city.     D. BURTON, Proprietor. '  Meeting-.  P. O. B.���VANCOUVER AERIE, K��. %  ��� meets Wednesday evenings; vfsltlaa  brethren welcome. Bert Patrons, W.  P.; J. G. Vre, W. p.. Arcade.  THERE IS  of Fire or. Injurv  Health when you us*  the       , ,  The"  ���  VANCOU-  319   SEYMOUR  STREET,  VER.  Having tho only up-to-date grill room  in British Columbia, which in Itself is a  guarantee of a first-class hotel and restaurant.* 'Business Moo's LUNCH, from  12 m. to 2:30 p. m., only 25 cents.  Tlio ballot is tho only weapon with  which we can fight capital.  To use that weapon intelligently we  must know something about thc indus-  trialjevolution. '  Read Collectivism. Cloth, SO .cents;  pai>cr,  25 cents.  J. n. CAMERON,  530 Westminster Avenue.  Works  Imfwrters and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   ���PHONE 783. '  ���     SOI.b, A0KNTH, i  C. Ellis, corner Cambie aaJ Cordova  streets, is>tbe place where you '(rot  your hair cut in an artistic manner.  CORNER  CORDOVA   AND   CARRALL  STREETS,  VANCOUVER.   '  makes & specialty of Dewar'o     special  liqueur, also Usher's black label liqueur  whiskey.    Large stock of imported and  domestic cigars.     Finest    billiard    and  pool tables. R.     B.    MULLIGAN &  i  CO.." Proprietors. '..  SNIPER'S SHOE STORE  SM   GRANVILLE   STREET,  Carries a. full tine of  ' UNION LABEL SHOES;  The   Union   Label   guarantees' fair  wages and good workmanship.  __ NoecablEbor. = =_^ ^_  leiHi  Fiom Their nanalmo, bouthfleld and  Protection Island lolllerle*,  Steam, Qas and  House Coal  i  *,  Ot tbe (tallowing Qndei:  Double SenwMd Lump,  , Rtin otth�� M��n��..  ,*.'.,.'",-WaatMd Nut ��Ml_  -.,���,���  ���    ',"��� IT  'Bor������il����a*  BAMUKL If. EOBINS, Baperlatesdcat. '  BVAMB COLBMAN A EVANS, Agemta,  Vancouver city, B. C.  The price is now  such that, almost, everybody can afford it'  Once used, alwayis  used. Apply at Office of  Cot. Carrall and Hastings  , Streets.  DEUCIOUS WINE  1I.1DE EXCLOSIVBLV FKOH B. C. FECIT.  FEE8B CUT FLOWERS. UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGARS-  When making a trip around the.' -  "Park call on ,  W; P. Jones BrKSwS��^,cDt  <���aoocoooooooaoaaegag  Canadian  iAXXPJxcrmCi  PACIFIC  1 IfkiF  .   . -  Scenic  Roofe  LOWEST RATES. **      BEST SERVICE  .Transcontinental     Passenger, Train  leaves daily at 14 o'clock. ���  Seattle and Whatcom Express leaves  dally at 8:50 o'clock.  STEAMSHIPS  TO   JAI'AN  NA.  AND   CHI-  EMPRESS OP .CHINA         DKO    1  EMPRESS OF INDIA  ...  ". ...DEC. 29  TARTAR IAN.   1*  TO  HONOLULU,  FIJI  ISLANDS  AND  .* AUSTRALIA.  S.S.' AORANOI _.  S.S. MOANA _ _ ,  MIOWEKE     _.  . DKO I'i  ...JAN !��  ...I'EII.-  G  " And every .four weeks thereafter."  ' For full particulars as to time; rates,  etc., apply'to      ' <   ���  H. J. COVLB, JAB. 8CLATER, . ,.'  A. O. P. A. Ticket Afwnt.  Vancouver, B, O.   428 Hastings Bt.  Vancouver. B.CS-'  1  '"'fflK'ff'*'?'T^'^.8.3fe'gnfenTOSJ mil wj"i-��ug��in��  ISS��SffwSS!5a��BgaiCSS3-5*  X  Kit SATURDAY,^ DJECJ31��J3ER. J2T, -I90Z~rr   f  ���*.0.1��pX'tH\j  Whouualb Aqwts fob  TUCKET QGAR CO. UNION LABEL QGARSI  Brando:  MONOGRAM,        " SUBGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO.  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZAD08, SCHILLER,  UNION MADE CIGARETTES: KARNAK AND VICTORIA CROSsf  Corner Alexander street and Colombia Avenue, Vancouver, B. 0.  ���������I  ������0  Union "M  oot& and Shoes  GQTO  R. MILLS, the Shoe Man.  DRIFTWOOD.  BY LUE VERNON.  ..-Pieces of inrli\'dual opinion washed  up  by'tho tide,  boomed, saved, split and  ' piled    for    tho benellt of paid-up subscribers,  also  for those who beg, borrow aud stoaljTho    Independent in order that    they    way    read and forgot  their troubles for a time at'least   and  .enjoy a few minutes while catuiping on  ��� earth wliere so many peoplo aro    will*  ing to givo you a kick and where     so  i fow offer to extend a? helping hand.  u .  When a* friend is in trouble 'don't  .ask: "Can I do ��� anything?" Do  .-something.  Did you ever notice that a man  who' has something disagreeable to  ���say'to you always finds time to call?  How nice it would he if clerks  "would take as much-interest in their  ��� own,. welfare   as   they do in everybody-else's.  If women gave as 'much care to  'their characters as they do to their  ��� compactions what a dearth of gos-  ��� sip there would be.  <. ,j,The.   trouble   is,.the woman who  xplays the piano "for her. own amu'se-  ��� went,".' sometimes consents to play  tbi the amusement ol others.  . Mary had a little lamb, - *���'  But both have long been dead, -  "If ivtary were alive today, -  She'd want an automobile instead.  Wc do not consider that -marriage  fiis'.rigbtly*,- described ias 'a failure, ^t  is, to our'mind, a."business in whicli  you have to meet all demand in full���  ."no' Settlement or'-(_on.position-'"''pcr-  ; mittcd.  complain; "the drygoods stores  here do not carry assortments large  enough to attract shoppers." >  Some people think the first principle of socialism is to divide with  your brothcrman. But they don't  understand il correctly. The- first  principle of socialism is to make  your bfotheiman divide with you.  The inventor of the "Carrie Nation" cocktail is threatened with a  ?10,000 damage suit by JIrs. Nation  for using her nain'c.^ Those who have  tasted it are of the opinion that they  also have good reason for damage  suits. *  Vancouver Husband (who  is  going  ��� to Seattle) to his wife: "And t^cn,  Emma,' be good as to send mc a curtain lecture from day to day. I shall  .-hardly manage to get to sleep without it you know.  - There are a whole lot of men and  women in this world whose olfactories' arc so calloused that they cannot  tell when decomposition has set in.  "They are dead, but they haven't got  -* sense enough to* realize it.  v There are a few women and men in  " Vancouver who have, on an average,  two dollars a week to spend,   -that  THIS BRAND  \090^909ft9ft9ft9ft*ftmft9ft9  O  ��  ���  ���ft  e  ft  ���  ft  Ib a guarantee of good workmanship.   Our Overalls will outwear  nny others, s and will keep their  shape to the lost.  Ask your dealer for them.  .., -THE- i.,l   ��� ,  9  ��  "ft  jf .,    .- ' '        (LIMITED.);  "���'*5      MAW'S BLOCK,- WINNIPEG, MAN,  -!ft  The Pioneer Union Overall  ��� -       -.' tory.of the West ;s  i*0����  The doctrine that to be true to  your political party you nust vote  low dog, may lie good politics but  it is a poor test of good citizenship,  for- thc nominee, even if he be a yellow dog, may be good politics but  it is a poor test of good citizenship.  It is one of the' most singular  things in the world that a policeman  can see a poor, hard-working man  four blocks away when the laboring  man is drunk, yet he cannot see an  insipid, brainless drunken .dude, whose  father is a business man, twenty  feet'away:'  Peculiar, isn't it?  Because a man fails to resent thc  slurs of a cad, it is not always a  mark of cowardice. Sometimes it is  a mark of intelligence and an adherence to'the principle that "He who  ignores' a fool in his folly, chooses  wisely," for fools are harmless in  war against character fortified - by'  reason.   ��  Thc other day wc met a hobo, and  after hearing sonic of his experience  while traveling about, the earth, wc  asked him if he wouldn't like to  brace up and become a man. In reply to our question, the knight of  the tin ' can said: "Not me. Fame  ain't nothin' but an empty bubble,  an' then a feller's got ter ,usc soap  to blow the bubble. See?"  During a man's life he is constant-'  ly pestered by agents, who te:l him  about the desirability of life insurance, in order that he may have a  monument after he is dead. But  statistics show that six men out of  ten who leave behind liberal life insurance, have no monuments. In a-  majority of cases the widow uses the  life insurance to attract another husband^-������ " *-=>  Thc servant'girls of Wheeling,   W".  Va., have organized.  Grant Pass, Ore., elected a labor  mayor at the recent election.  The school .teachers of Murphysbo-  ro, 111., have organized a union.  Bricklayers'     helpers   in .Moberly,  Mo., get $2.50 a day of nine hours.  The longshoremen of Seattle have  withdrawn  from thc Central  Labor  union.  Federal laborers in Metropolis, la.,  gained   a   10 per   cent   inorcasc in  wages.  Thc servant girls at Bellaire, -   0.,  have perfected a preliminary organization.  Thc Labor Temple Association ' of  Topeka,  Kansas, will be capitalized  at $10,000.  Brewery workers  in Salina, Kan-  sas���.werc given the shorter work-day  without strikc.-  Bakcrs in Minneapolis, Minn., have  succeeded in doing away with   night  work altogether.  Plasterers    and masons at Houghton, Mich., work nine hours and get  25 cents an hour.  The    Retail   Clerks' International  Protective ' Association    issued    3G  charters last month.  Barbers in Mt. Vernon, Ind., have  established the early closing day, and  cut out Sunday work.  A   charter     has been granted the"  Central Labor Council at Ccntrcville,  111., by t'he A., V. of L.  All printing ordered by the city of  Reading, Pa., must bear the union  label, from Jan. 1, 1903.  Elkhart, Ind., city council has by  ordinance   established . a   rate of 20  cents an hour for all laborers.  Corcmakcrs and helpers in East St.  Louis gained 12 per cent, raise, and  full recognition of their union.  City council of Murphysboro, 111.,  has    established   the eight-hour day  for all city work at 25 cents an'hour.  City council, of Cape Girardeau,  Mo., raised city laborers from $1.25  to $1.50 a day on request ot Federal  union.  The Typographical temple at Washington, D. C, was paid for in ten  years* by Union No. 101. It cost  $10,000 and is now worth $60,000.  English coal ^niners are having, a  slack time in ^Lancashire, Cheshire  and Yorkshire. Over 80,000 men and  youths are getting only four days. a  week employment and 30,000 ' .three  days.... ;.      _"������_'     " ��� ���     ..-fi  The Union Labor party of Oakland  has decided to enter the political  field again and a full ticket will be  nominated for thc coming municipal  campaign. All unions in the city are  represented.  Brewery, firemen at Portland have  reduced their , working hours from  fourteen to eight and at the same  time secured a raise of 50 cents per  week. They now receive $18 for  six days york.  The bitterly cold weather which  prevails' throughout Germany has  caused various municipalities to vote  contributions in aid of thc unemployed. Dresden has just voted $25,-  000 for this purpose.  A general strike-has been proclaimed at Amsterdam by the Dockers'  union m - consequence of thc insistence of the dock companies in undertaking the work of a company  whose employees are striking.  The manager of the Mountain Copper Company's smelter at Keswick,  near Redding, has declared that he  wilf shut down for a year if the men  do not return to work. - Thc latter  have determined to continue the  strike.  A cablegram received at Washing-  D.��� C.,. from United States Minister  *��������*t��t������a��t����*o����������t��9<te����������e*����8*i}��*  EVERY KIND OF-  * ���  o  ��  ��  Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AND  labor Council meets > that and thMI  Tharoday in cods month, st IM p. n��  President, W. J. XAmrtcSt: Tioe-prtoJaart.  F. 3. Russell; secretary, T. B. Cross; financial eecretary, J. T. Lilley; treasnnr.  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms. C A.  Salter; statistician. 3. H. Browse.  ���: Job Printing Done i  ��� o  SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY.  I Independent  Printing Co9y  ��� BASEMENT, HACK BLOCK, VANCOUVER.  SHIRT WAIST AND LAVNDBTC  WORKERS UNION. No. 1<6-Meeta  every 2nd and 4th Thursday in each  month In Union Hall. President, G. W.  Rowlands; corresponding secretary, H-  Alltree, M27 Richards Street; Ilnancial  secretary, tttes M. Whitman: treasurer.  Miss Jeolosse; deleeatea to Trades ana  Labor Council, G. XV. "Rowlands, J. Har-  gle, W. MoDermott and I. J. Colthart.  WAITERS ANII WAITHKSSIIS'UNIOI*  Local No. 2a.- Premtieiit," Charles Over;  vice-president. A. N. Ilcrrlngtou; sccro-  tary-treasurer, ,1. II. Perkins; recording  secretory. ".11ns A. Scuitto; Press agent.,  W. Ellender. Meeting e\try second Frl-  ilny owning ut 8..10 o'clock In Union  Hall.' corner Homer and Dunsmulr streets  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  rnch month ln Sutherland Halt, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings street  at 8 p. m. President, Robt. Brunt; vice-  president, Chas. Bennett; secretary. A*  G. Perry, 33 7th Avenuo; treasurer, p. C.  O'Brien; conductor, Ed. Manning: -warden, A. J. Wilson; sentinel, J. Howes;  delegates to Trades and Labor Council:  C. Bennett, Robt; Brunt, Goo. Lenfesty.  A. J. Wilson and J. Howes,  When a ninn lias no resource but  to pursue that of making money lie  is in a pitable condition. When lie arrives at a time when the grip of  avarice so envelops his soul.that he  lias no sensation left neither enjoyment nor pleasure, nor sensibility,  nor desire, but to grasp with an un-  satiablc eagerness, knowing that he  must leave it- all r'en after he has  accumulated it, then; as we have  said, such'a man is to be pitied.  We met ou tho street car the otlici-  dajr.'what is termed, and rightly too,  the "car hog." A strong, robust  man was requested tois"*-*--"'"'- bis  seat to a tired, weary-looking woman, with a baby in .arms. Uo got  up under. protest and almost profaned, lie denounced thc railway company and seemed almost ready for a  fight, i Wc said to ourself: "II this  car should run off the tract and that  man receive a little jolt there would  be a suit for not less than ?50,000."  There was hot a spark'o't chivalry  in-the man's "whole nature.  Lord at Buenos Ayres says that thc  striking of laborers has caused the  declaration of a state-of siege in the  provinces of Buenos Ayres and Santa Fee.  From January 1 the minimum  wage for boot operators and' rough  sfulT. cutlers in Sydney, Australia,  will be $11.25 per week. All clases  of jousneymen in thc Syjlney boot  trade will then lie enjoying this concession, which has been gained  through thcir solid 'organization.  Permits to land in Natal, South  Africa, 'arc not now required. Experiments are being tried in a small  way with sonic success to substitute  white for colored labor at a'coal  mine near Newcastle, and as stevedores and' lumpers al Durban harbor.  Men at the mine arc paid .1 per  ton mined, and men at the harbor  are paid ?2 a day.  Lack,of employment js causing unprecedented distress in thc interior of  Russia! ,_In SaratoG, as affair example 'ofthe prevailing'conditions,  workmen eagerly accept 17 cents'1 a  I TRADES  UNIONS.  Foster education and uproot ignorance.  Shorten hours and lengthen life.  Raise wages and lower usury.  Increase independence and decrease dependence.  Develop manhood and balk tyranny.  Establish fraternity and discourage selfishness.  Reduce prejudice and encourage liberality.  Enlarge society and eliminate classes..  Create rights and abolish wrongs.  Lighten toil and brighten man.  Cheer the home and fireside - and make the  world better.  All wage workers should be union men. Their  progress is limited only by them who hold aloof.  Get together agitate, educate and do.  Don't wait until .to-morrow; to-morrow never  comes.  Don't wait for someone else to start; start it  yourself.  Don't hearken to the indifferent; wake them up.-  Don't think it impossible; one million organ- $  ized workers prove different. ��  Don't weaken; persistence wins. .2  ���)K��x��)K��x��**��:����i:'^  i>  ii  it  H  ���it  3c  <���  A,i  ii  ���i  <���  35  9  I  I  1  it  o  H-  9  |(                                  POLITICS. I  H 9  i \          We move, the wheel must always move, %  I)             Nor always on the plain ^  j *. '        And if we move to such _.a..goal       .....   .       . _, *  ��� As wisdom hopes to gain     . **  Then you that drive, and know your-Craft, >m  Will firmly hold the rein a-  Nor lend an ear'to random cries *  Or you may drive in vain,       " *  For some cry "Quick" and- some cry "Slow,"   *  But while the hills remain           ' ^  Up hill "too slow/ will need the whip, ^  Downhill "too quick"- the chain. ^  ���Tennyson. 5  ^���^���a-^.***^*:*^^:^^?^^  day. Hordes of beggars literally invade the shops and houses, and thc  streets aie filled with sick and starving people. Similar pitiful details  come from other interior, cities.  NOTICE IS HEREBY OIVEN, tlint  application will be made nt tho Legislate Assembly of the Province of liritish  Columbia, nt its next session, for an Act  to- incorporate a company to construct,  equip, operate, nnd maintain, telephone  and telegraph lines, within nnd through  I lie mainland ot the province of lliitlsh  Columbia; and to construct, erect, and  maintain, poles and other works nnd devices, nccessnry for making, completing,  working nml maintaining, communication  by telephone and telegraph-within the  mnlnliind of the snld 'Province of British  Columbia; and to open nud break up uny  pnrt of the highways or streets within  the mid mainland; nud to purclmhO . or  U'tiM' or ilixposo of lands or buildings  within the mainland of tlie snld I'rovluce  anil to purchane or lease telephone or  telegraph lines connected or to ho connected with tho lino which tho said company may construct; and amnlgnWto  with or lease . ItB line or lines or  any portion or portions thereof, to nny  other company; and with nil other incidental rights as ��� niay bo necessary to tlio attainment of thc nbovo  necessary to the attainment of theubo\e  objects or any of thein.  * Dated at Vancouver,"'B. C.,'this 18th  day of December, 1002. *  ' I). Cl. MACDONELL, '  , Solicitor for Applicants,  NOTICE.  In the matter of the estate of George'  Ritchie Maxwell, late of the City  of Vancouver, Province of British   Columbia, Deceased. --  NOTICE IS HEKEI1Y GIVEN tl*it ull  creditors and others, having claims  against the estate of the said Georgo  Ritchlo Maxwell, who died on or nbout  tho 17th day of November 2, 1H02, nre  required on or befoie tho first dny of  February, 3003, to send by post  prepuld, or deliver to 1). Xlur-  donell, barrister, of Vancouver, oui' of  the executors of the last will and testament of the deceased, their Clnislian and  surnames, nnd tho-nddi-esses anil descriptions, lull pa i titulars of their claims,  statements of their accounts, nml (he nature of the secuiltlcs If nay hold b.v  thein.  And further tnke notice thnt nfter the  last mentioned date, wo the executrix  and executors, will proceed to distribute  tho'asHOts of the snld doeensed ninong  tho 'pnritos entitleil tlioieto, liaving re-  gnrd to the clniinn of which wc then  shall have notice, anil that wu will not  bo liable for tho Raid assets or any pnrt  thereof, so distributed to any person or  persons of whose liititnH notico shnll not  lmvo been lecoKed hy us ul the timo of  fer street. ' '  Dnted -this 20tll day of December," A.  II.,  3902.  MAUY  VOKEST  MAXWELL.  1 Executri.v.  ItOBEIlT KELLY,  ��� :,      D. G. MACDONELL.  -   Executors.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OB" d*H-  PBNTBRS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday in Union  hall, room'No. 2. President; A. E. Coffins  vice-president, Joseph Dixon; recording*  secretary, Geo. Dobbin; financial secretary, J. M. Sinclair; treasurer, J. Ferguson; conductor, 6. Ffngley; -warden, G-  H. Blair; delegates to the Trades and  Labor council, R. Haopherson, J. M.  Sinclair, Geo. Dobbin. Jos. Dixon, Geo.  Adams; delegates to the Building Trades'  Council, M. McMullen, Levi C. Pe~jyolf��.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OP BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, No. 151.���  Meets the first and third Monday in eactt  month at 8 p. m., in Union hall, Homer  street. President, Robert Gray; financial  secretary, George Nesbitt, 1207 Homer  street; recording secretary, D. Robinson,  box 37, Vancouver, B. C; delegates lathe Trades and Labor council, Wllllan*-  Latham, D. Robinson, R. Edwards.   TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  ta. In Forester's Hall. Van Anda. President, John D. BYaser; vice-president, J*  W. Austin; secretary, Alfred Raper;  treasurer. A. G. Delghton: conductor,  Wm. 'A. McKay; warden, Henry Patteo-  son.   CIGARMAKERS' UNION NO. 357���  Meets tho flrst Tuesday in each monttr  In Union Hall. President, C. L. Kuhn;  vice-president, C. Parsons: secretary, J.  C. Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Schuylmeyer; delegates to>  Trades and Labor Council, J. Crow, C Ij.  Kuhn and John Millan.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets ln O'Brien's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of eaoh month.' D. Mt-  Lean, president; W. 3. Lamrick. Mcr��-  tary. 248 Princess Btreet.   BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS, Local Union No. IM.  Meets 2nd & 4th Thursday in Labor HalL  9>re9ldent, W. Pavler; vioe-pre��ldent, W.  HaUlday; recording secretary, E. Crush,  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Gothard, 822 Howe street; treasurer, H. MoSorley.  INTEKNATTONAIL BROTHEKHOOI>OB.  Electrical Worke��s, Vancouver Local,  No. 213���Meets second and fourth Tuesday  ln each month in Union hall, room No. *.  President, Geo. Cowling; vice-president,  R. P. Irwin; recording secretary, A. D.  Hotson, 635 Richards    street;    financial  secretary, John Dubberley.   AUXILIARY, NO. lT LOCAL 213, I. B-  E. .W., Telephono Operators���President,  Miss J. Hunter, 812 Homer Street; vice-  president. Miss F. Livingstone, 600  Granville Streot; recording-secretary.  Miss J. Browner 827 Richards' Street;  treasurer. Miss E. Bentley, 1121 Seymour Street.  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union ot  America, Local No. 46, Vancouver, B.  C, meets first and third Thursday iix  each month. President, T. Baxter; vico-  president, J Ingles; recording secretary,  F. W. Bartle: financial secretary, M.  MacLcan. 2100 Westminster Avenue,  Mount Pleasant; corrcspondingf��cretary, *  3. Webster, 2844 Westminster Avenue.  .Mount ricasant; treasurer, J. Wilkinson.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union, No. 120���President,  Fred Hawe; vice-president, J. A. DitJ-  den; corresponding-financial secretary, J. _  A. Stewart, ol Cordova St.; recorder,  W. Hawkins; treasurer, G. Bo��cr; guide,  A. H. Lcgatt; guardian, A. E. Andcn-  son; delegates to T. &. L. Council, Fred  Hawo and J. Oilman. Mocts first and  third Wednesdays of each month in Union Hall.  JOURNEYMEN TAILOUS' IJN.ON OK  America, No. 178���Meets first and  third Mondays in room No. 1, Vu;on  hall. President, C. Whalen; vicc-presi-  dent, F. Logg; recording secretary, F.  Williams, 1814 Seventh avenue W.; financial secretary, T. Wood; treasurer,  W. W. Toombs, sergeant-at-arms, T.  'Mathews.  BUILDERS' LABORERS' FEDERAL  -Union, No. 32, Vancouvei���Meets  every Thursday evening at 8 o'clock, in  room No. 1, Union hall. President,  Fred Collins; secretary, II. Sellers, Wcst-  orn_Hotel;_delogatos_to~Huilding~Tradc��_  Council, II. Sellers, Chris Foley and  John Sully.  t  X  VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 220, meets tho fourth Monday in each month at Union Hall.  President. C. S. Campbell; vice-president, H. W. King; secretary, S. 3m  Gothnrd; P. O. box 00; treasurer. Geo."  Wilby; sergeant-at-arms. A. V. Arnold;  executive committee, W. II. Hunt, G, E.  Piorrott, W. Brand, Uobt. Todd; delegates to Trades and Labor Council, W.,  llrnnd. S. .1. Gothard, F. W. Fowler.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION!  of Machinists.���Reaver LoiIrc, No.  182.���Meets second anil fourlh Monday in each month in - Union hall.  President, .Geo. P. Downey; past  president, J. R. Edwards; vic'cprcs-  ident, H, J. Littler; recorilinp; secretary, J, H. McVety; financial sccre-  tary, J. Anderson.    |:   GEO. HAY   :  ���     Vancouver's   Pioneer    Clothes  -Renovator, makes a snlt new.  �� Dyeing and Repairing. T  A   >     316 tUKBIl W., Vakoddvu. jk  ���**���********!*  .'.;. ,''.i* WfiZt :.it.-.^Jffcff*j^';i ".  1 - I7i> ��� 1i.Tftt,tvij-_;��s-Wiifo f--a��^ff^Vga^f^g  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY, DECEMBER 2T, I9MS,'  ������������S-^^  We AVish Ad Our Customers  ���A Happy and Prosperous  NEW YEAR.  0. Wi KENNEDY'S.  (Successor to Scott ����� Kennedy)  303 Hastings Street,       Vancouver, B. C.  No Weak Spots!  Our UNION MADE Shoes  from Canadian and American Union factories are the  best in the land. Men's,  Ladies', and Children's Shoes,  durable and stylish.  THE PATERSOIV SHOE CO., LD  301 Hastings St.   ;  jrf  m  m  Wi  m  VX'i  n  FOLEI'S nilllfi SUOT.  - -���       (Continued Irom Page One.  itliat wduld sustain, Iiim in such a position must have behind it a nation  of thieves.    And now, air. .Griffiths,  you affect to pose as a friend of the  7 laborer." I., will, remove the mask ami  let the victim have 'it glimpse at.you*,  .as you-'appear-stripped of yoqr* glamour ot senseless oratory.    The organization, of which you are one of  '���   -the chief apostles, is in the habit, I  "understand, of organizing,; ."scab", un-,  ions -to-"assist capitalism in crushing  .the laborer.    I am prepared to   prove  this statement.    Again,  sir, ������!'., will  call your attention to the fact that  the   interest    of you aiid your asso-  . - ciatcs arc identical with that of the  ���preacher and capitalist you affect.Io  .condemn.    Vou advocate'���'..'������  V. An Open Door.   :,  ' immigration l.olicy.    You propose to  receive.witli.'open arms the. Chinese,  rt-hc'V Japanese and the DouUhobours.  So    do'������;"���"-maily of llie j>i-eaclvei;s;;aiul.  capitalists.:' V'YouVscclcV'torCO-nvert  these people to socialism-, 'the-i preach-.  cr to Christianity ami thecapitalist  ;'. into '-a. .money-making machine. When  ,": are'.you'"going'to.'succeed? II ..takes  -.-::: 20 'years: to teach a  Chinaman     to  "Vsliy-7 "mc'heap,   sabby,. you," V;by  '"���that" time he "returns home and is re-  7 placed' by another; with whom,  you  7 lia.ve the same experience.- Just fancy  "-yourself discussing: Spciicer's '..studies-  J'"-'on  ���: socialism ::or7the teachings7 of  VVlCari'Mark' with*Tim Kee,'and '.-the.  'fruits of your labor at- the.end of 20.  ���  -years willhavc him take up. a line ot  .argument us follows: "Jlo   no sabby  Splcncer. "Mc like cat-he'cm money,go  'home." - 11 might be advisable, Mr.-,  ���: Gridiths, to take the advice you; "so .  ��� frequciitlv give the preachers and di-  7-icct your '-attention to converting the  '/Canadian heathen bcforc__y.ou attempt  V to, socialize tlie, worrdr"Let us    sec  ;  what'    your policy  means to  labor.  V; The'Chinese7 wage in China is .21 or 5  cen.ts- : a.'.,'.day;   .living costs. 1-A to 2  cents a: day.   The .testimony, of every  :: -witness  appearing before the    royal  commission   was in effect, that ,' a  .White man '.cannot compete, withthese  VVpcople    and raise  ..a-'.family.     You:  would .."-''favor.'- then, 'permitting-:the  ���Chinese, to drive the native- laborers  .out of his native land,   ' V :*  :,":   '      /'Leaving the Country    V-;.V  ,. to'.the Monbol and 'the capitalist, his  exploiter, to 7". ive you an opportunity of,    converting - him to socialism!  : Just fancy.. yourself.. on" your, extempore pulpit on tlie corner of Car-  VrallV_J_trcet_7iaddressing_an__aMicii.ee,  composed of Mongolians, on the ad-  rvisability of exterminating capitalism! VWhat would Dell Irving and Dr.  Lefevre he doing? Why,-my dear sir,  i����@������������������������������������(!>  1 Tbe Salt  I of Life  xx-x.  is business.   We want more of  it.   \V��'1I (ffit'-it if im out and put  bargain will_fotch.it.-,.-.,  "���Mow'Is This  t A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle  -7or  Fountain Syringe V  '    . 75c :i"i'���"'.  the' youthful scions of these noble  sires would soon he singing your requiem which would run somewhat as  follows: "Poor old .Griffiths'-'body  lies mouldering in the .clay, as his  soul goes -marching along." Now,  sir, - understand me, 1 never denied  lhat tlicre was an irrepressible conflict between labor and capital. But  I do insist that there is also a community of interest. Your argument is  only partially, true, even -when applying to the "industrial hog" who  seeks t'o increase his income'by overworking and . underpaying his em-,  ployes that the competitive system is responsible for 7 these  conditions is wrong from the  foundation stone-' to'' the weather-cock on the flag-pole. I concede7 it is unchristian, inhuman and  brutal inithe' last analysis. It is nevertheless probably a natural law applying, ��� to the relations of a  man . to ; his fellow men just  as it docs to the growth of7 animal.:  or plant, life,. and blind .enthusiasm  should not. shut your eyes tp the di[r'  licultics . or exterminating the monster. "Again,isirv'T do not find fault  with -the principles you advocate, but  with .your blind intemperate, intolerant methods,; the child of overgrown  self-conceit,. which leads yourself and  followers into the silly, belief that  you are the only stars in the firmament of .reform while:;in"reality .you  hold the same relation to the "mover  ment thai (lie V     -��� .77  '.:���' Inquisitorial Kanatics. '-.'���--''  of- the sixteenth .century, did tb.Chris-  tiftnity.: :Again,jVour -senseless haran-  ���gijes 'tvceiiUn(j-t,with:.faJsehoodsi' .born:,,  of a perverted imagination, bears all'  the, ear-marks of the Satan resurrected that lit'the fires 'of 'religion:,  persecution in sixteenth. century Europe,aiid I believe, sir, that your Wild,  ranting, misleading methods are well  calculated to strcngthcn.thc hands of  the ex-ploiters of labor and further,: it  is destined to bang like a millstone  around the neck of true socialism and  socialists who must bear, the stigma of disgrace, justly attaching itself to yourself and your followers,  lam as desiripus of abolishing the  wage system and inaugurating the cooperative commonwealth you speak oi-  as you are. I dispise conditions  which permit one individual: to : appropriate''to himself the: fruits7 of  others' toil; Avhich: system has filled  the land with'tramps and. the alleyways with : prostitutes, that: lutve  created the sweat shop,' and the pal-,  ace, the millionaire aiid 'the Vpaupcr,'  that have transformed-the child into an industrial weapon used to  crush, its_owrparcnJ^._JM-,_sir, even  I those with whom they have a common interest in    overthrowing these  colossal wrongs. The conflict of   interests between laborers iji an overstocked labor market is greater than  that generally existing between   employer and employed.   If, then,    p.  conflict of interest in one particular,  or in a number of our relations    to  eaeh    other, must become an insurmountable barrier to unity oi action,  where wc have a    common interest,  then, Mr. Grifliths, your argument in  favor    of    a united labor movement  falls to the ground. Does the pointing out of these facts by the economic student indicate a desiic on his  part   to     perpetuate the evils complained   of?     Will your     cuttle lish  squirt   ot     oratory    cover up these  facts and promote the best interests  of socialism?    Again,     myself    and  the   merchant   from   whom    I purchased a new hat have a conflict   as  well as community of interest in the  deal.      I in    obtaining the hat as  cheaply as possible, lie in getting all  the    market    will stand, while our  community of interests consists   in  the fact that I have acquired    what  1 needed,    while    the merchant has  made his sale at a profit, hut   you  would brand    myself and that merchant as a pair of silly jackasses did  we permit tliis semi-conflict-and semi-  community of, interests to prevent us  from uniting ���  for the purpose of preventing     our city council from robbing us both as taxpayers.    We'bc-o  lievc     in practical, not theoretical,  methods    of    handling these .things,  and the lessons taught by the world's  history    on the evolution of human  society convinces me that your methods, no matter how pure your motives may be, will result 'in the subjugation of the laborer rather    llus  the    extermination of the capitalist  Next, a few words     on your statistics:    You    tell     us that from the  years 184!) to the year 1S5!) wages in  England-rose'.40 per cent, in spite ot  tlie fact that the Russian war 'was  /ought     during   . that period.  While  there occurred at the same time    a  fall  in the V price of wheit^from ��3  to -��2 10s. per quarter, constituting  a    shrinkage, of, IB pcr.ccnt.iu the  price of wheat, accompanied by si.-JO  percent! increase in wages. Thus indicating, you say,  that a shrinkage  or increase in the price oi any given  commodity ��� or in the profits of    any  induSj-ry, 'makes 110,. difference to'-the  wage worker    "1 could .quote," .you  say,':':'mauy 'other instance's to    sjs-  tain     my     ('Griffiths?.-)" contention.;!'  Don't,     lilr.; Grillltbs, 'for your;, own  sake,  for- your statistics,  like your  other data, have certainly been doctored.,   I have:?100 which saysV that  either: yourV statistics or* your; ���/.; im-:  agination or both ; are: wronjt'-in evc^'y  particular.: V in; the first place; wages  invariably, increase in time; of .war prat least; with:,few"exceptions, .' aiid  always  under conditions;.;,you  allude,  to.",": Next, I: caii remember,: without  referring: to  statistics" that V during.  tiie':. KussinJiVwar:t(ic: priceVof 'wheat  'A'as7'l;higher:'tlian:H.t:any' time in-the  history of England,; except,  perhaps,  during-, thc advent of ithe black death  or some other , .7  National  Calamity-   -      *.'.,-.,  I well    remember   iny- father in;On-  FREE TEXT BOOKS.  The providing'of free test books  ought to improve, at least to some  extent, the efficiency ol the schools.  Fnj parents are unable to purchase  the books and stationary required by  their children, but lack of promptness in attending to the matter is,  accoiding to teachers, shown so often, particularly in rural schools,  that inconvenience arises and work is  impeded. In some rare cases parents  may not lie in a pecuniary position  to supply school books promptly, and  as .1 result thc interests of the child  aie affictcd. Children arc not expected to maintain themselves and  to supply their own wants. It is the  duty of the state to see that thcir  wants arc supplied and that they do  not suiter from the inability or unwillingness of parents. An important  saving in the cost of books will be  elTcctcd by purchasing them direct  from the publishers and in large  quantities'. The prices quoted seem  still sufficiently high to afford, a  handsome profit to these publishers  ���Winnipeg Tribune.  ^^mX9^9X9X9X9Xm9^9 4mMX9X9X9X9XVmm9*i -  I!.-A FREE TRIP TO NEW YORK, f  ll-"   '     -'*"    '      -     v"'. .'   'V**     ,      '.   '   .   '      "       <������  ; �� t     Haplh's great guossing contest Is now on.    Tbo peraoji who guesses    -1 '*  9   ' tho noarest to the number of beans in the bottle in our window gets ���>    2 :  BETURN TRIP TICKET TO  NKW YORK.  vONE GUESS FOR EVERY DOLLAR YOl  SPEND HERE.  Buy your heating stovo hare and then guess away.  Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings Sti ![  SOLE AGENT  F  3'  H^K��:K��:i>:K��^:��:K��;4:*M^��)KVfi;K��;.:��:i;.��..:��;.>  A Happy and Prosperous  y,: ���;nNe#*Year'.td'All^lv i \  The Colonist classes Mr. Chris Foley as a "leading liberal."   This  another way of appealing to the party prejudices of workingmen.  CITY OF VANCOUVER  ELECTIONS 1903  TO THE ELECTORS:  ,1 desli-o to announce myself as-nn-IN-.  JllU'ENDBNT ;. cnndliliite for LICENCE  COMSIISSlONEnVfor- tlio: yeur 1903. 7  fOR SALE.  VOU SALE���Intelligent :, littlo' "King  Charles" spauioli Con't like.;white Thibet  fur, Nice ^Tuw'Yenv^s.present, S67 Keefer street. . ';       ,,. .' ' '���'-��� i-  ;    ^    104.and 106'Cordova Street.    "*V  Trunk Store )8? Hastings St:/ 0|>t>.' Wm. Baljih's.  We have now InVstock a full line of  the best Heating Stoves in the imirk��t  and have made a very low   price   on them to clear them out in a hurry. 7, .7  COAL BASH BURNER9, COAL HOT-DRAPTslVwOOD HOT DRAPES  PLAIN AIRTIGHTS; CAST TOP AIR, TIGHTS, ETC., ETC/:   ii X\ Ayx-  Phone 44/  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver. B.C  Phone M63.  LD. TAYLOR.  SCHOOL TRUSTEE  ELECTORS OF VANCOliyJER;  Youi- vole- and in(li)cnc*e are respectfully.'  solicited in iny. election ns school trustee  for 1908.       'V 7 Wat.  G120KGE.7  \Mm Co., Ltd. Liability7;  ?:      llp-r(H)ATE ORtCCISTS. ' {     . A:'.]  tliose things arc preferable, to the'  state of anarchy I see looming up on  the horizon of the era of the reign of.  a social labor party. AndVwerc I  delegated by divine providence , to  choose between ^turning this government over to the coal barons of Pennsylvania or the socialist labor party  i would not hesitate,a moment V in  cliosing the former^cven in the interests of the members of the S." L.  P. themselves. Now a word about  the progressive polliwogs, as you call  them. Docs thisV; irrepressibleV'con-  jflict bettfecn labor and capital, upon  which wc altagrce, and the large degree too, which I think you must  concede many small and some large  capitalists, and the laborers have in  the removal of a few of the  Greater Evils,  such as private ownership 0! coal and  iron mines.railroad and7land monopoly  the fountain heads from, which spring  the'leaser evils, justify the.progress-  ive party( in allying' themselves with  tario selling wheat at7.2.75. a bush;  ci.andVtbere are a luimhcr of people  in this: city tliat can testify .to the  accuracy, of this - statement,-, during  the period you' mention. My dear  sir, you appear to have a happy faculty of manufacturing" statistics and  otlier data to .suit your, purpose, as  you did a. few nights ago on:*, the  street,A wIicii-.:'Vy6ii-'-" said that ,,Mi-.-  Mitclieli postponed the coal.strike for'  months until his. friends, the. coal  barons, got'-their bunkers full: "How7  didVyou learn this,', when; men, 7 as  intelligent as :youVare,; .with data at  hand, and vitally interested,:knew  nothing of it? Now, my dear sir, my  time is too precious .to,waste on . a  perpetual motion : phonograph ,such  as you, hence this will be my. last  reply to you.    And let, mc say, '__._in_  Biirrard Election  TOVTHE ELECTORS : *     XixX.iiX  ���' Ybiir". vote nnd Influence is ' respectfully,  solicited for the- 1-etiinv o'f J-lon. Br.; 'J'.,,  'it.-. :Hcrhuvs;ns luember :for;J}urrar(l -��� in  i lie J louse' of ..Coin 111 ons at the npi'.roncli-.  ing;. by-eiection. ; Ills luldross. aj>i)cnra-'.'.. 11  .the; daily nou'ijpaiierH. ' ,V7';;'- !';- 7  conclusion, TfTyou acquired your, oth-  er data ; as you did your statistics  you arc hardly justified in accusing':  men of being a superficial thinker.  -.;;   .  '      ���'���'.     ;   ,1,   C.  FOLEY.  -Vancouver, Dec. 12, 1902.    '  :;'.'.-  (Note, ���The above commtmication  has been unavoidably crowded out  till this issue���Ed.):  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J.' J, Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Don't forget to call ,  for Home-Cured....  Kiipred Herring, Etc.,  ";   Put np by  JAS. BB^N &ca,  Phone 306.      .:X VANCOUVER, B.C.  A\'c, the ..undersigned;' handle the  .iiily'VUNlOX, JIADE Cl GAZETTES'  madeVin Camidii.glCAKAAO, *V. C:  :nidiT.7&ii.'.;;;���iyyAyy'y iix  yy[myM)(^yyi:  yyysi;HARc\jyyyy.  xy.X^:miwBsks^��x  W. J. McMillan & Co;  .:,.'Wholesale Agents for B.C, <.\  lQo^_c_^AlBX��nilef1Sl.L'nndj;.olUmb|a-lATet  ���' . Vancouver, B.C.-.'>' '  P.O. BOX, 290.      7.;'.,.    .PHONE, 179.7  I Locksxavid Lialfehcsi  X'l-   Ai:i":'XiA AA; iXxi;xyyyyy....yy-:.y:yi.: ....,....,.....,,.,.. ., ; ..^.  S-V ,i    ^'c- especially call your ?aWentiohV;:to;ihe:fact-that..oui-7 stock   %  '.���*7'aiid''.ass'ortmcn  '.x:....-.tri.inmings\*:'--sa.*i:i',7tr'iiiiiiii'ii^  ^VV-riard^are^for^Hpusei-irt^  "���7 : WeVhav'e a cortip'e.teiinc ..orthe -.-leading'. Aiiierican-and Ca/jidion 1%.  -^-i* goods; and''we will;jmt;ypii;nc^r;^  :^: V ' V^P1'1"^:^'!^ mote,t^  :<^7,,than gbbd,7tasty,;;modern triimmings.���AiJx.lXJ'XXX'ixJX-iyy-iij-^i'^-'-  '�� ������;. '���'���;.^Yc*-;have them andVbelicve^ yoii:tyantVtliwm^7.;V,V^;77:'V;^rVV."S^^     ]  l.'^"''-'-:':^!';!'!^  |-:J7:V:V7';v ;v;s}:'-?7.:��� ;:-.lnsist ony^  ���' ":x xi iXXxiii X'i-Xyi^^ev' fk^yyy.xxx-xxxyx$  0*0  i_.-����:a>-  Patronize the  Blue Label  i'f--i\.r"X':' ���-������  Cigar Fa<ctory  NEW WESTMINSTER.  " The Beer \Vithout a Peer.'!  ^-"Hro-yed^tlie^Vy^V XXxXx  ;^iM^ome^  xXpyXX Xi: Y?nMUVerxBi,iC.iyxi;i  |- -For'^ale "at Ml\th^VMrstf-Glassv;:  7   ;Hotels; anel Saloons;  uprVV;,StQr(.s^ :\  iii'yiX-weY^yyxx  Our Patrons and Friends  ���V7>a Happy New Year.  Steam Laundry  '910-014 Richard* Streot. Tel. 84��*  Branch office la Aicade-. :AA:,2  ' ,., A ify .til., 117��.- ;Xj--''V, v.. -- J  IIUIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIBIIIHIIMHI  Ayjvarttec ta Tbo laittmOmaX  $iX  When .oycg aro found to bave!  any defect, howovor, slight,. tnere  is but one thing to do.*- Provide  Blasaes early. Have thorn examined  by our doctor -of, optica,7Mr.- Allan, <and' jet :a; pair, 'to / 7; fit. yoa]  properly.1* All* work giioranteed.*;   :  DAVISON BR��&,,  The Jcwetera ��od -OliHcUaSy  '    '  l4��C4��rddy��&t. v^  l*Wg*W��WlT?Ha!JtWtiiiaK^WW^'^^  l^^i^i^^  '���%$:���*'  yyiXym  V'\';.'i. V.V- '.���������.;' -'-  'niA'J'yA'.-: '������-.  %sxtiA*^?yfA  !'���-. -     -.���-;"  XiXXM  aXXxM  ������;���.... ,-..-w

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