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The Independent Dec 13, 1902

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 j Legislative Llbr'y Mm. tl\0X  H  THE  ROYAL, BANK  OF   CANADA     ,  . . BAVINQS   BANK . .'  I_L qeaornl Banting Business   m&nsacted.  DiTJ*IC'il��-nH(uitlngB   Street,   W.,  SfwhnHnrtOT Avenue, Vancouver.  B. C. PERMANENT IM ASB  SAVINGS CO.  Authorised Capital - 110,000,000  Subscribed (Jiiplul ���  ���  l,Wx>,O0O  Assets Ovcr  - - ���     300,009  Hold Offleo, 821 Cambie Btreet,  Vancouver, B. C,  VOL. 6.  VANCOUVER, B. CM SATUBDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1902.  no a  SETTLED.  tt.  , As Tlie Independent goes  Jo press (Friday, 3 p.m.) the  telephone strike is practically  settled and  the   agreement  -drawn up between the executive committee of the union  and the directors of the telephone company only awaits  the approval of the unions.  ,.The chief points gained are;'  > Recognition of the Union  ,. A.  material   advance   of  "Wages all around.  Tako  all  employees back  "without prejudice.  success   we   hardly   expected  would attain such good results.  they  MITCHELL WILL WRITE A BOOK  President John Mitchell, ot tho  United Mine Workers, is to write a  book. He announced this to a company, ot personal friends at-Scranton  recently. It will dcaUwith the question ot capital and labor, and give  tho detailed history of tbo 1900 and  1902 strikes.' ' A Chicago firm is to  bo the publisher.  ��� Our old friend Denny Creed, of the  C. P. R., paid his respects to , The  Independent thc other day, and is  now at Hastings. He says that we  must not allow the telephone girls to  get beat. We can-assure'Mr. Creed  that tho young ladies were' bound to  win.    '      '  THE BUG TRADES.  '.:A .��  ,A meeting-was-held in Labor Hall  ���ion Wednesday night of a number - of  members of the executives of the different unions of the city, called   by  President Lamrick, of    the   Trades, wages, but where the workers   were  and," Labor Council.    The purport of; not organized  the wages would al-  tte meeting was for the   considera- > ways go dowu as soon   as the em-  .tion of the telephone strike. ' ployers would sec a .lot of men out  ADVANTAGES    OF     ORGANIZATION.  C. Lauriente, of Trail, B. C, writing in the Trackmen's Journal, says:  "At the age of 14 years I started to  travel about the world. I have made  two Jtnps to'. South America and  spent ten years of my life in that  country. I have crossed the Atlantic  ocean five times. I have had good experience and taken notice of conditions  and I have always seen *that unorganized labor never finishes well. I  have seen lots of good jobs, and good  A number of resolutions were  passed, which .in themselves express  the sentiments of the meeting  The different unions of the city  ���were to, be asked to assess their  members 20 cents per week until.the  present striko was settled.     n  The,, following members were appointed to "j act in conjunction with  the executive of thc Trades and Labor Council: Messrs. Todd, Watson,  Ker, Lenfesty,-iRowland, Cliciriil and  Wright.       ,,. ..,       ."'.     -   ,  That arrangements be made for circulating a .petition asking the city  council/ to. acquire* tlie* present, "telephone system. ; ' -  ' That places providing accommodation to those taking the' places of  the strikers., be    shunned-, by   union  jnenjj . '*|; ��� ��� ��� ;<j 5 ,f .  That the ^attention oKthc ministcf  ofijustice*he drawn to the flagrant  violation of thc alien labor law in  .Vancouver, and that he be requested  lo take steps to correct the same.  NEW TELEPHONE COMPANY.  On   Tuesday Mr. D. G. Macdonell  f    appeared beiore the civic committee���  ���   Aid. Wylie, 'Brown, Wilson   and McQueen���and gave them. thc names of  the incorporators of -thc    proposed  aiew company.   They    were   Messrs.*  McMillan, Kelly, Braid, Godson, McFeely,    Evans,'    Doering,    Wurtclle,  Sunn and Macdonell. Mr. Macdonell  said that he was aware that thc city  could not deal-vatil* a. company    not  _,   incorporated, but    that    a   charter  would be granted them individually,  '      none of whom could act without    a  '���"majority vote of thcir number.     It  ���was   proposed    to    leave the stock  Iwoks open to all wishing to become  Shareholders.   By tbat means all*the  money invested in the new company  -or spent by it would remain in Vancouver and British-Columbia.   If the  "committee- would-be    prepared   to  grant the charter steps  ,wdiild     be  taken immediately to get it incorporated.   It would take six-* weeks    to  get incorporated.    It was necessary  to go to thc legislature'before entering iuto an agreement with the city  sud'this would cost  money   and   if  permission could not be got from the  city it would be no use to get incorporated.   It was proposed to put tho  poles in thc  lanes, but if tho    city  demanded that the wires be put underground why they    would , submit.  7 If   thc   rates   could   not   be made  cheaper than the present ones there  would be no object iu installing     a  new system.   A clause would be inserted in   the   act    preventing   bis  (Macdoncll's) clients selling out   to  the old company.  After some considerable discussion  the civic committee decided to recommend Mr. Macdoncll's application  to the favorable consideration bt the  council..  Aid. Foreman, Wilson and.Bethune  deserve a great deal ot credit tor-the  manner in which they have handled  the negotiations leading up to the  settlement of the telephone strike.  : Mhile The Independent wished them  of a job. Every intelligent working-  man wants to keep his family m  comfort and give his children some  advantages in thc way of education,  etc. We have pretty good conditions  in this country,, but it i all'-' depends  upon ourselves whether conditions  are kept good1 or "whether they ��� become bad." H we' keep* a good, strong  I   J   Ml   .1,1.   J.   I   .  ,   )FI;I,   ,      ��  ? t��  .organization we yil\, lfecp ,up wages  k-nd *have short work .days, but if we  become disorganized 'employers will  take-advantage" of us and cheat us  out of our wages and make our conditions of employment anything but  pleasant.";,'   .   .. AA,i_,i,. ,,���,..... ,\  ' TWENTY-ONE YEAHS OLD.  Tho   Sow   Orleans* ficayuno   reporting  tho proceedings of tho American Federation of Labor, of Nov. 15th, says.  , Then as the twilight, waa, falling In  tho con\entlon hall,, Delegate Furuscth,  of C-alifornia, arose,'' and said he wif,hod  to rouuntl, tho > American. Federation, that  it was twcnty-ou,<f, years old today, instantly a hush fell ovcr the big hall,  and tho hum of voices ceased. ' '" '  The thought of being twenty-one yoars  of age, of having reached Its full manhood, was a sentiment that filled overy  heart. President Gompers, standing  erect at thc speaker's stand, was full of  tho sentiment and emotion that pervaded tho convention. Ho was tho 'only  person present in I'lttsburg twenty-ono  years ago who was thero yesterday. Thej  contrast   was   something  remarkable.  Then a handful; uow aa organization,  with 275 delegates on the floor, representing 191 labor unions and 1,500,000  organized workmen. A dead silence fell  upon thc convention for an instant, then!  President  Gompers said:  ''I trust that I may not appear to be  thrusting myself upon tho convention,  but in view of tho fact that Solcgata  Furuscth has called attention that this  15th day of November, 1902, is tho  twonty-firit anniversary of tho day when  tho federation was formed in 1881 at  Pittsburg, I bclievo that out of this  wholo vast gathering here of delegates  and visitors, I regret that I aim tho  only one present perhaps who attended  that convention. 1 regret that there are  -not���--moio���*���hero���- who��� ���attended  that convention at thc birth of tho  American Federation of Labor, but I  feel that the work in which we have  been engaged, tho corner-stone of which  was laid twenty-ono years ago, was  firmly built 'on principles of right and  just'ec. In tlie courbo of tune tho Movement" has buildcd wiser than perhaps  tho architects themselves knew. llut bo  that as it may, wo havo weathered  evory storm. Our organization was  formed as a protest against wrong. It  is a defender for tho right, a declaration to bo ever living that the trado union form of < organization is best calculated to protect and promo to thc Interests of labor.  ''I can only express tho hopo now that  this convention, tho twenty-second In  tho history of our organization, tho  twenty-first anniversary of its existcnic,  having to-day obtained what is usually  termod its 'majority,' that wo may  grow ln wisdom, and,never depart frotai  tho fundamental principles in which this  organization had its oxiBtence,  "I beliovo that a resolution somewhat  fashioned aftor this manner might bt  adopted: ���  " 'Hcsolved, That we declare our Un*  faltering fealty ����� tho trade union '101^-  ment of oar country, devoting our l>i��-t  effoits to t!.i* uplifting of the viji*  earners of otir country, giving thoni  hope and encouragement,''iind appealing  to them to unite with the organized  workers so.tbat tho fraternity of man  of the world may bo accomplished at  tbe earliest possible date.f."  We havo now anived at that time  in the year when our opponents predicted the wind-up of tho "card sys  tem" which was inaugurated hero on  the Ist of May last. ,Yct, in spite of  the fact, that the initiation fee to  both unions ot carpenters has'been  raised to the regular constitutional  amount, of' $5, propositions continue  to flow in thicker than ever, one reason being that tho Hotel Vancouver  is now a strictly union job.  An amusing incident in' the working out of the card system might be  of intctcst to - The Independent  readers. As most of them are aware  an attempt was made recently to  start a "non-union-union" of carpenters, as they styled themselves. At  the first meeting the following resolution was passed: "We, the undersigned, think it advisable to form a  local organization "for " our mutua'l  protection, knowing that unions  now existing in' the city are oppressive." Under this heading follows  the signatures of 28 carpenters,- ten  of whom have since applied to join  one or other of thc recognized carpenters' unions. They were more  than surprised when they found that  their connection with the "non-union  union" was well known, and that a  special initiation fee had been-placed  upou them. Three only so far have  backed their applications with the  money.  A list of the unfair shops of the  building trades is being compiled and  when printed will be circulated'freely  among the union contractors of the  city. Those now desirous of complying  with union rules had better hurry up  if..tbey-tfant their names withdrawn.  ,*Ir. Hobson, of Davie street, will  commence thg, erection of one or two  good residences a)ten>;'Christmas and  will work strictlrffjojjfrj union lines.  This gentleman says that using nonunion men does not giye him sufficient choice of men and signified' his  intention some time ago that* when  rotary ot tho miners' union, brought  the body of Dclattro to this city,  where it was interred from the parlors of Centre & Hanna.  1 '     CAItPENTEHS MEET.  President Coffin presided over a  good attendance at Wednesday night's  regular meeting of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners.  Among-thc items of business transacted was the passing of $25 also a  guarantee of a regular levy in aid  of the striking telephone operators.  The members were very much alive  to the importance of this strike to  organized labor generally. This was  a case where a public franchise was  used'to brow beat labor. The sentiment of the members were strongly in favor of industrial unionism.  Another important thing was the  initiating of live new members. The  affairs of - the union arc in a very  healthy condition and the outlook all  that, could be desired.  DR. SHIES' LECTURE.  NEWS OF THE LABOR WORLD  and adjacent--buildings to make room  for a' new'f business block for which  he has tho contract. . l  The Hay Brothers, who- do considerable mason work around the city,  have discovered at last that they  have got to comply-with-union rules  if they intend to remain in the business, and negotiations are in progress  at the time of writing with a view  of taking their men into their respective unions.  An attempt will -shortly be made  to organize the bench hands of the  various factories of the city. Many  of them already belong to thc union  but the "card system" has not been  applied. They are all watching the  present movement with great interest, knowing that the introduction of  the eight-hour day outside, will of  necessity give them the nine-hour  day inside, instead of 10 hours as at  present.  A meeting will be called at an  early date inviting these men to at-  tend *to discuss tho outlook and to  organize, for the future. Building operations aro a littic quiet owing to  the bad weather-prevailing but pros  pects are good for a'start as soon as  fine weather prevails.  License -Commissioner* Taylor will  ruii again for that office at the approaching municipal elections.  Plasterers in England are paid $11  a week.  Millwrights at Memphis (Tcnn.)  havo foimed a union.  Nearly 2,000 shoemakers are idle at  Leicester, England,  .llobokcn scliool   teachers will   organize and affiliate with the A. F. of  L.  Tellunde, Col., labor unions have  posted a boycott on Chinese laundries.  There are 20,000 children under 11  working in Illinois factories, mainly  in Chicago.  New York, Ohio and New Jersey  all   have   laws   preventing the night  woik of children,  <��� ui >'i,   ��i  Fifty thousand people a$e .employed  in Switzerland in the manufacture of  embroideries. ll(    ,  . Providence, R.*I., has a union composed of Italian painters aud one  of  Italian caipenters.  Senator Redfield Proctor will erect  On Thursday night only a fair attendance was present at thc lecture  of Hon. Dr. Mcinnes under the auspices of the Progressive part? in  Union hall. President Chris. Foley!  occupied the chair and in opening he1 ]','acks  talked pretty plainly to the working-  men for their apathy and diliatori-  ncss in turning out to an intellectual  treat as the program provided for  them that evening.  " Hon. Dr. Mcinnes.  on being introduced was greeted with  applause. The subject he discussed  was -"The Nationalization of Public  Utilities in Australia; also How Asiatics were Debarred from Entering  Australasia." The speaker said that  a little over a year ago he had decided to take a trip to thc country  where all those beneficial laws were  enacted. While there he had ample  time to study them in a practical  way. He found that the laws as a  whole wero highly beneficial. (Applause.) He dealt with the railways,  telegraphs and telephones? first taking up the railways. These were  operated cheaper and better than  they were on this continent, in spite I country and this could not be done if  Regarding the'telegraph system he  was loud in his praises of the system in vogue in Australia and New  Zealand. Turning to the alien labor  question he said that legislation had  not only been enacted in New Zealand and New South Wales against  | thc Chinese but also against the  \t a soniewliat great length  thc speaker went into this question  and compared results with those attained in Canada. In 1881 New  Zealand had a $50 poll tax and one  Chinaman was allowed to every two  tons burthen of thc boat. In 1896  the tax was increased to $500. In  1881 the Chinese population was 5,-  004; in 1901 it was 2,876, or about  half. New South Wales had similar  laws, but each vessel was allowed  to carry but one Chinamam to every  300 tons burthen. In 1887, 1,798  Chinamen paid the poll tax, but  Only Two Paid ���  it in 189G���nine years later. This also effectually shut out thc Hawaiians  imported to work on the sugar plantations. At the same tunc it was  peculiar that Porto Ricans were going to the Hawaiian Islands to work  on the plantations    there.    We   all  wanted to make this"  a white man's  i iii,  ���  the, work., he. had in* hand; was cora^a\Y. M. C. A. building, at Proctor,  pletcd, he would start the next job   with union labor only.  Those who are still outside the  fold had better hurry up and get id  before it gets expensive."''   "  Contractor Hunter'lias started the  removal of tlie old Rustic restaurant  'A FATAL ACCIDENT.  A fatal accident occurred during  the past'Week in the Cornell mine at  Van Anda, whereby Louis Delaltre  lost his life. On Tuesday night De-  lattrc and" Robt. Colburn got ready  to fire a round' of eleven shots at  380 feet below tho surface. They  charged up nino of thc holes with  gclagnite and gave the firing signal  Tbey succeeded in lighting six and  then jumped in the bucket and gave  the hoisting signal. When they were  up about 20 feet the first shot went  off and precipitated them to the bottom of the shaft. Then four or five  more shots went off. A relief party  immediately descended and found  that Dclattre had almost been blown  to pieces, but Colburn had miraculously escaped without serious in-l  jury.* Alfred Raper, J. P., and sec-j pound.  Vt", for his 2,000 employes.  Ironworkers in the Midland district  of, England have lcceived a general  advance of 2i per pent.  .Union lawmakers ,, at Indianapolis  demand an increase of ,11 per cent,  on the present scale of wagesj ,  More    stukcs  prospenty   than  cording to statistics obtained by the  department of labor of the U. S.  Thc Lake Seamen's union has started a movement to prevent in the future the employment of women cooks  on lake vessels  t Four thousand bookbinders in London, Eng , have been locked out (or  asking for an increase in the minimum wage schedule.  Labor exchanges in Spezia, Brescia  and other Italian cities have built  homes for workingmen under municipal administration.  | The turn-over of 2,000 co-operative  societies in Europe last year was  $400,000,000. In 1893 it amounted  to only $250,000,000.  Boilermakers in the - shipbuilding  industries on the northeast coast of  England have agreed to accept 5 pei  ccnt._ieduction_of_wages.. .   Buenos' Ayres, Argentina, has 40  labor organizations aud the greater  number of these were concerned in  tbe recent industnal strike.  Efforts arc being made by thc Liverpool (England) Hairdressers' Association to secure a general closing  of barber shops on Sunday.  ' A Japanese railway company has  girls as waitresses for their passenger trains, and intend to employ  women in their ticket service  Richmond, Va., street car men are  making arrangements to establish a  Y. M. C. A. similar to the organization ot railroad employes-  Union broom-makers at San Francisco, Cal., arc meeting with success in their agitation against Chinese and convict-made brooms.  Foundry workers at Tacoma, Wash.,  of the great disadvantages they  joined together like our provinces in  continent. Until a year or so ago  the Australian colonics were not  worked under on the island  a federated whole. Each colony had  the regulating of its own tariffs and  the making of its own laws, and so  it was that the guage of the track  in one-colony was different to that  in thc other.   When you arrived  At thc'Boundary Line  you had to change cars, run on a different track, perhaps wider or narrower, as the case may, be.,, All. these  things militated against and had" a  tendency to make transportation  costlier.   Yet thc cost of  Transporting Merchandise  and passengers vvas considerable less  than it was in this country where  the standard-gauged track is the  rule. Touching" on the~telephone question the speaker incidentally referred  to the magnificent meeting held  Chinese      immigration     were    not  checked.    (Applause.)  President Chris ��� Foley read a deserving lecture to the workingmen  for their unfaithfulness to their own  interests in favoi of the liberal and  conservative parties. He also laid *  down some truths to the socialists  that will not be forgotten for some  time/ and said that so far as they,  were all concerned they were not going to make a "monkey", out of him.  When he accepted the presidency of  thc party he meant business it some  of his supporters did not. He bid  1 them all good night.  Just, before the meeting closed a  hearty vote of thanks was tendered  the lion. Dr. Mcinnes ,for his very  able lecture.  A GOOD LECTURE.  Tntho J*di.<f, i   i :n.  "'Sir,���I was"    an.attentive listener  to Dr. Mcinnes in his very able Iec-  111 ture last Thuisday night    in   Union  that hall last Friday night partly as i,au.    \ think that he should be rfc-,  a protest against the treatment    of quested to give'it again,  cither    in'  the   telephone  operators      now   onru,e  Market hair or at Mount Pleas-  strikc.    The lecturer said   that     a'.al't-   -n, Was''cerlainly one of     the  similar occasion   at   the ������ Antipodes i beS)ti 'ana mos<  practical speeches ' I  would be impossible, for- there   the nave hcat0\ [or many a day, and   I'  am sure did  many  the     public  occur   in times of  in hard tunes, ac-dcompulsory arbitration law was enforced. He favored compulsory arbi- was m store for them they  tration and thought that the opera- navo pacKed thc hall,  tions of the trusts and monopolies  against the public policy should be  curtailed and controlled by legislation. (Applause.) Referring again  to railways he said that the    only  know what  would  D. S. GRAHAM.,  Mount Pleasant, Dec. 12, 1902.  TIIE MACHINISTS.  At the last regular meeting of the  tiling he found fault with was not the Machinist's union ofiiccrs were elect-  nationahzation of public utilities, ed as follows Past-president, J. RH  but that they were not operated un- Edwards; president, Geo. P. Downey;  der the direction of a commission, vice president, II. J. Littler; record-  which sliould be appointed for life or mg secretary, J. H. McVety; finan-  so long as the commissioners did cial secretary, J. Andeison; conduc-  thcir duty���the same as our supreme tor, II. Fewstei, i inside sentinel,  court judges. During the first five Fred Knight. / ,- >.,'  years the railways were operated in! The machinists hold very enthusias-  New Zealand by the'government ev- tic meetings and things are in good  erything was  All That Could Be Desired.  But after that time the political machine controlled the service,     which  vvas an undesirable state of   affairs,  condition, both as rcgaids trade and  union affairs. The volume of work  handled has just about doubled that  of a year ago. Not in the history ot  Vancouver has      prospects     looked  yet_for-all -that thry ware, handled brighter for the new year.  with less cost to the people than  were the roads in this country. We  should heed this lesson, for he believed he would live to see the day  when we in this country would follow the steps of the people of New  Zealand and own our own railways.  The doctor then treated the land  question in a thoroughly masterly  way aud showed how the wild lands  were taken over by the government  ot New Zealand. He said many years  ago when he was a member of the  county council of Kent, Ontario, he  had dealt with the wild lands question, so that it was no new thing to  him. The large estates in the south-1  crn colonics wero taken over by the  government and put on the market to  the benefit of seltlcis. Another  grand piece of legislation was thc  old people's pension act.    AU  AT THE SAVOY.  Commencing Monday, December  15th, thc marvellous Seymours-  Harry, May and Ray���will appear in  their original act, entitled A Chinese  New Yeai. Harry Seymour is tho  only artist playing knglish and  American airs ou a Chinese fiddle*  Tho Connors���Larry and Annie���will  do a new sketch. May Uard, who has  made a hit, vvill be retained; also the  Shaw sistcts; and Uie old favorites,  Post and Ashley will be seen in a  new sketch. Miss Mooio will also bo  in line with her very latest. Alt. P��  James, who always is in keeping  with tho times, will bu on hand with  somo new songs and sayings. Miss  Pert Croix, thc litlle magnet, will  appear. Jas. F. Post and the stock  thoso comPany WJ" be secl1 '" a ncw oom-  over 65 years of age were pensioned  have secured a nine-hour    day with      . ���    it  . _,,       . .   and conseauently there were  out a decrease   in wages. The mini. I *"* ��<"<��wjuc'"j  mum scale is now $3.50 a day.  Twenty-three per cent, of children  in Saxony, Germany,     aro forced to  work.    Of 604,600 children' of school  age, 137,831 are employed in trade.  Very fine chocolates, 15 cents  At The City Grocery.  No Paupers There,  How much better it would be if British Columbia and the dominion enacted a similar piece of legislation..  He held that begging was a disgrace  to the country that had to contend  with it.    A public fund    should be  edy, entitled Tho Two Awful Dads,  C. Ellis, coiner Cuuii-iu und Cordova,  stioets, is lhe pluce wnoiu you get  your hair cut in an uipmic manner.  provided to help the deserving needy. > Grocery.  New figs,  three packages    for   25  cents.   At-The City Grocery.     -,   ^  Choice imported mixed peel,   two  pounds   for 25 centr     At The City  .-9 y=ri,"y���^.ns  I UK  INm<:i'k.\i>l'.> I  SATURDAY,   DECEMBER  13,1302  THh .f,jJiii--E.AL)iiN'r,  PUBLISH 1111     V\-l*:i*isl.Y    IN   TUB   I.S  Ti_u*;s-rs ok riii; massivS  THE INDRPKNI'lON'l  I'HINTING COM  FAS V  DASn.V'nN'l       OF      I'l.AOK      HLOCK.  HASTINGS stuki*t. van-  couvi:h, u. c.  SL'HSCIlll'TlONS   IN   ADVANCE.  A wifk, 'i ii'nls, niontli, t.*i fonts; three  months, li'i i'i nl-. *.|\ rn>intli", '3 rwiii;  em   ji'iir, *l '.'������  ENUOCSKI)   IU* TII IJ    TIIADr.S  I.AIIOK   I'lU'NCII..   Till;   VANC'OH-  VKII     I.AI.'iJ!     I'AHTY    ANLi    TUB  iii*n.iiiN��. 'iitADi:-* <-oi;N'i:iif  The lnili'fi'-nilnni enn iilnnvs be Iind  at Galloway's hook store, arcade.  SATURDAY,    DKCICMHICR  13, I'lIU  A  LESSON  OK TllK SI'HIKE  i  TJiorc .should  bt'     a  lesson   foi   ,.11  1 standing and recognition in the  ,;<o'..it.s is the principle argument m  its favoi, and what is theio n that  lor laboi? Labor organization, have  no tttiublc in getting wio court when  a cm point ion demands it, its olhcci.s  are lecognrzed and eve*! sentenced to  j.ul foi tonlempl when cm potations  (oii.siilcr it ncii'.ssary, and thus fai,  to .ill nHeiils and purposes, labor or-  ly.in/.itioiis might ,us well be isuiir-  piiinti'd ,is otliei wise, as far a.s tlu"-e  ipustions are concerned. .Judged  fiom the point of view oi a layman  and   fiom tin- c\pelicnce of laboi or-   'ionizations  of thc    past    with    the  ASU  I'oiiits,  tm oi poVat nm    in    not  advisable  The results that may follow are  pi iiblciii.it ical, and oiganizcd labor  ciimat  :iiTot(l to take any dunces  As fm     "piestige" thiough   incor-  pm.ilimi, the old .saw, "Kiiie   words  buttei   no paisiups," should  be veiy  | applicable in this case  i    Thi- lot let of Mr. Chris Koley in  icply ,io lhat of .Mi. Urilhth's will  .lppi'iu next, week, being crowded out  ol llus issue  'A bud m the hand is worth two  labor, and all labor organizations in m llip buA��� Mi slMlslblo wmking-  the successful .si I ike of the telephone m(1|1 ]uM 1(, llMJir unionSi (losI,llc 4hc  employees allunng .itti.iftions held out to for-  The success of eveiy cfloit  will al- s_iK(, lllCM1 f(jr KllUmng    Will-o'-the-  ways depend upon the stale of public            _vx  opinion. i '        '   The Inst thing to do is lo make Last Monday night Aid. Brown got  yoi.r cause popular, and in order to \e\ed at Aid. Wood discussing the  be populai youi demands must be light question, and said. "I'll op-  fair and lully justified Next you pose all lights. 1 don't caie wheie  must, make vour oigam/ation populai ihey ate" Hy placing si light where  by entering the conflict m a spmt of j( is needed -may save the city pay-  fan ness. Hy doing this il will not. be  mp; damages  neciss.uv to be one whit less acirics- ���;        ;    ~    ,     ,.    ,.  siveWn vou aucht to be '        J     "��� '-  ,1,('. ��>^���d^' '"' ^ ''  NeU. the poison in whom you have �����"����� ���������� fck,llcd mc" wno ,,e,onB l0  trusted the leadership, youi piesident, should bp well tiled, clean, honest, able, tactful, possessing a clear  head and a full knowledge of your  cause 11 you hawi t as good a man as  Mitchell i;el one as near like him as  you can. It will pay. Oct a student  of the laboi question Oct a diplomat, one who knows wheie blundeis  have been made ... the past   one who   - ds A hiimi   )us imlm, a  knows son.eth.ng of tl.e historic i.se ., bel(Jlc ���,      w, brlght  of laboi,  through its   organizations, - ...  and one who  will  listen  to the ad-j  vice of the men of the labor inove-  unions, because they have intelligence  enough to sec that, ii organization is  helpful to capitalists and prolessional  nien it is also good for the wage-  ttorkc..���I'nitcd Jl.ne Woikcis' Journal.  The mcmbci of a trade union that  accepts all tbe benefits .icciuing rrom  the combined eflorts of    his    fellows  I ...  la'a,  that in  fancy he should  be  able    to    feel    the heal and see the  blaze  ment who lepresent its idea,    hopes  and aspnalions j    Tll(, 1)C0])1(, ���, Ulc Yukon arc appar-  Do this, and in the    future   thcic  t,nU    W(jl,  sa1,ls(ied with the admin*  will     be    less and less necessity foi, ls(I<ll,)01l 01- iinairb there    Ex-tiovei  long     dianii     out conflicts between  ]|or Ro!)S was cl(,cl(,(i ovcr Joe Clark  youiselves ard your einploycis. ,)y ^ sllbsU���tial  m.ijouty.    The is  ~ sue  vv.is Sirton and anti-Siflon, and'  2lilA- the Siftoinans  won  out.    The    coin  Davis, Mm shall and Macneill, soli-  (il(j LjK, nick.  citois, have advised the city council,   that this piopeily can be rcsurveved I It lias been suggested to the city in  under a by-law passed under subset-! a petition to place boxes of sand at  tion 153, of sectioiri25 of the City; dine.cnt points along tbe paved  Chatter       The    owneis of lhe lots\ sliccts, and have some scatteied ovei  the pavement dining tbe fiosly vvca-  U't'i u> pievent hoises slipping. Tins  is a good suggestion and should be  laincd out by the city.  meaning young men refer to the old-  tinic war horses in thc labor movement as back numbers and "kecp-  pnlitics-out-of-thc-union" fakirs. To  grapple with the political problem as  it should be handled is too great and  momentous a question to be treated  iu a frivolous way. We venture to  say that uot one out of ten union  men really know what bringing poll-  lies into the union means. If woik-j  ingmeti, union and non-union, can't  oig.iiiize a suues.s.ul labor patty out-,  side of the union, it is questionable,  if tbey can do it m the union, .us has  been often tiled.  The socialists ot Nanaimo have put.  up Jlr. 1'arkei Williams as n cindi-j  date against the re-election of lion.  Mr .Mcinnes. In the Clarion's lcpoit*  of Ihe first socialist iiieeting appears  the following- "As a socialist he  is pledged io vole only in the inteiests of the woikers, but vvilh this  limitation is ficc lo piomole every  kind of legislation for their benefit  The idea that socialists refuse anything short of the concession of then  demands in full is quite cuoncous.  The socialist is eager lo obtain eveiy  thing lie can foi the benefit ol the  woiker but lie will not baigain away  any principle and so compionusc his  position as a whole iu outer lo gain  a minor advantage." lt will thus be  seen that the Nanaimo socialists at  least have now adopted an cvolulion-  aiy policy rather than one or revolution. This principle was adopted by  the Kamloops convention of the Progressive pany and is the only sensible and piaeticai course to pin.sue.  We congiatulate the socialist party  of Nanaimo and wish it success.  IM iASLitoMfc tMAAY.  ���<*��  YOUR FRIENDS.  must pay the costs. If this were  done the streets and lanes could be  propeily located, and in all likelihood would provo that they aio in  the wrong places The only other  method suggested is io apply foi a  sp'ccial act validating the .streets as  they     already stand     It has taken  Workingmcii have uo cause to accept with gratitude thc pittance they  .uu able to wring from their capital-  several years to get this opinion, and istic masters. It sbould only encour-  now that it has been got it is up to age them to strive the harder to ob-  the council to take steps to have the lain justice And when that is se-  suivey or this property settled If cured, the gratitude, if any, is due lo  this pioperty woufd suddenly become themselves as the victors, and not to  valuable it would cost the city bun- the vanquished, who did their ut-  dreds of thousands or dollars in sui- most to keep them out of their  vey law suits. , lights��� Duluth World.  INCORPORATION   OK  UNIONS.  '    >�� re"',ll"K U,e ^fl'Xneln!  Uin Clerks union,   lhe    inuepcnuciid  Directors Faricl and Lcfevre, of the "s madc t() say that Clarke A:  telephone company, wanted to know K[���tirt!s Wlis the only store in Vault the Electrical Workers union could ^)m'cr employing union clerks. This  sue and be sued.   Tins at once brings sll()Ul(1 i,.ivc 'IWU}  the only  "station-  up the matter of incoipotation.    An  eiy"  stoic   einplojing    union clerhs.  exchange has pointed out, that thu ,.,|1(.1C ar(, other stoics in other lines  mcoipoiation of labor unions has ( hnsmess who employ union clerks  become a leading question, and be- ^A somebody in Clubb & Stcwait's,  cause_of_the_abilitfy_of_thc_iii_cn_who_'iJ|i__ttel!_Kn()ttn _c]���thiers,_*umped_on  have promoted     it    there   is   eveiy  chance that, it will become a nation-  ihe  om neck via the telephone ioi  mistake a few hours after this paper  al question befoie it is settled. The  ww)1 )()       sh>  question has    been pieseiitcd, and as  Jh;a tl)t, ,altur (llm ,ue 0  k. in tins  usual, all of its bidden, resultant ef- ru^|)e(;l  fects have not been mentioned by its ,    " .   promoters.    The fact that incorpora-]    In these wide-awake times you ot-  tions  would  give  the    organizations  ten  hear  inexperienced   though   well-  .o^-o.^o^o^o-e.-o-*^'*''***"*' ���������������������*���������������������*���  't ���Se  en RJSTM AS ANNOUNCED ENTS  IN THE DAILY I'AL'ERS MAKE  EXCEEDINGLY ' .INTERESTING  READING.  Tbe Jeweler and  diamond  Merchant  COB. OKANVIl.Lt AND HASTINGS STREETS.  Official Watch Inspector of thc C. P. R.  Helieving as wc do that a newspaper to be elhcient in the discharge of  its duly, and oi the gieateit value  lo its readers, should not only give  attention to and express opinions on  the general current events and what  arc moie stnctly public issues, but  should also keep in touch with moie  pnvale business life, we have formed  a custom of, fiom tune to time,  touching on such business happenings  as to our mind would be ol interest  and profit  to our subset ibers.  .As the utility of nisuiance is becoming every year moie important,  and as, many ot our nations arc  doubtless vitally inteiested in the  subject, we feel .bound to refer on the  above grounds, to the object lesson  in insurance given recently in Lon-  neclioii wilh the death of our late  esteemed member, Mr. George It  Maxwell.  ill Maxwell at the tune ol his  death was insured m two or three dtt-  Icicnt, companies or societies. Today  we have the pleasuic of printing a  cud oi thanks from Mrs Maxwell  stating that one of tbcm, the Union  Mutual oi Portland, Maine, has at  this early date met its obligations  in lespect to Mr. Maxwell's policy  in that  company.  Such promptness auguis well foi  thc future interests of this company  and should go far to recommend it  to the careful attention of any one  to whom tbe "lacing of insurance has  become a subject oi immediate action.  Sonic lew inquiries diicclrd hy us  elided the information that lhe coin  pany's action in this incident is not  a special cl'oit but snnplv an ordi->  narv example or their usual businesslike method or meeting then obligations and that such conduct has  been a characteristic or thc company  dining the 20 years of business life  m liritish Columbia.  We learned* further that the company  while only of 20 years' standing in  our province is nevertheless an old  established company having been in  active business since 18-1N and that  its success has been what one might  expect fiom clean and prompt business methods and an entire absence  of that sticking at, technicalities  ���which prevails in other companies  lcndeiing the beneficiary position  uncertain and preventing that conh-  I dencc between insured anil lnsinci  necessaiy to give full value lo 'life  i insurance  | Having the ple.isuie of an .icciu.un-  lance with Alt. J. K. l'A.ins, the  ' genial piovincial nianagci ot this  company, we feel ceitain tlml Mis.  Maxwell's slalcnicnl that all the  negotiations bale been I'oinlcoiisU'  conducted is no idle compliment and  we feel sine Uiat all who meet hun  iu business iclations will iceeive '.he.  same courtesy whicli has marked the  closing of the incident above men-  , tioned.  i    With    this   kiiowlc1' 'lie com  pany and its provincial manager we  have no hesitation in ealini^ our patron's attention to this private business transaction and stating it as  our opinion'that those of them who  I have not insured and find il expedient  One hundred and Fifty  Liidios' Ui's-hmero,' Flnn-  ihiI, A lbiitrossaiH. French  Flannel Blouses to be  offered Saturtlay regardless of cost. These  Mouses areall fine goods, ;  good fitting, nicely trim- ;  mod, plain and fancy  patterns.  Special! Price  {Saturday $2.50  I 170 Cordovu St., Vancouver. %  J We reach wherever the mails T  .   reach. 9  I 9  ft&���^Q��**.&t)+���^4)*-~94y+*-4l>9  Patronize the  Biue Label  BRANDS"  Cigar Factory  NEW WESTMINSTER.  Quality |  Is a  silent salesman  �� constantly  going about ��  H-' tho citv dispo-ing of our 1  9. " Z  % Pasteurized and |  I   Clarified Milk    %  |     Listen  to  his  % and order from  9  advice  '% Internationa! See %  | and Storage Co. ^  '<> Phone 415. Gore Avenue. ��  ^S;*H^;K��;K*;K*-.f*i:(*)k'>��**)K*;K  ���When thinking of your friends and wondering what would    be most  suitable for them in the shape of a -  H   !'8TVIAS    OIPT '    -  remember'that vve carry one of the largest stocks of goods suitable for  useful presents for men and boys Tin British Columbia. Via can only enumerate a few of the articles, such as:  Fancy neckwear, in all thc newest shapes; Fancy Suspenders, silk and  Ifineti handkerchiefs; Kid Gloves, lined and unlined; silk umbrellas, with  plain and fancy handles, for ladies a nd gentlemen; Leather Pocket Hooks  and Purses, Leather Collar and Cun Cases, Military Brushes, fine fitted  Handbags, Suit Cases, etc.  Telephone 702  309 to 31f> Hastings St. W.  Pacific &ofttii g  Work��  Importers and BSoitlcr  GOKK AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AOKN'T��.  ol liurr.viiii; about liuyinpr Lifu IiiRunuico so many men think anil Bay. At  lenst two htronc reiiMimi are Oo oil licultli Ik unccitaln; liiorcuhcil coal is  certain.   Wliut's the uhu of wailing illicit bettor lw cald!  UNION MUTUAL,   I'OLICSI'.S,  mny lie <lc'iiemk!it upon to punnet throughout tho varying experiences    of  human life, to faithfully guard tlio Interests    of tho     insured, and to bo  pioniptly cashed when they become payable.    Values and privileges abound  anil   nro   conveniently   uvnllabli".   Detailed factH gladly furnlfchcd.  Aftor three years tlio Union Mutual Policies do not become void by failure  to pnv premiums, the Main Von-Foifeituro Law without action of the  I'olicy-holdi'r. continuing the Insurance for a Specified length of time.  PORTLAND, MAINE. > Incorporated 1848.  Call or writo for pnrticulars aud plans  Head 0mce : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  T    COLIN CAMERON, Special  Agent.  I  9  9  9  > ���������������� ��������������<���>����< 1  CORNKR HASTINGS AND  CAMIHB  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  New, modern and strictly first-class;  good sample rooms; free 'bus. Week  days���Ilrcokfast 7 to 10 a. in., lunch  1'2 in. to 12 p. m., dinner, 0 to 8 p. m.  Sundays���Hrcalifabt 7.30 to 10.80 a.  in., lunch 12 30 to 3 p. m., dinner, 5.(101  to 7:110 p. m. Rates 152 and upwards  per clay. HAYWOOD &. PHESCOTT,  Proprietors.  Tbe  aifl-313 ABHOTT STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C. ,  Restaurant and Bar. Hreakfast fi to  10, merchants' lunch 1] to a, 25c; dinner 5 to 8, 25c.; lunches put u,i. eastern and Olympian oysters; short orders a specialty at all houis;  meal tickets $4; l>es,t 25c. meal in the  city.     P.  BURTON, Proprietor.  The"  :119   SF.VMOUR   STREET.     VANCOUVER.  Having the only up-to-date grill room  In llrltn-.il Columbia, wliich in Itself is a  guarantee o' a hn.t>-class hotel and restaurant. Business Hen's LUNCH, from  12 in. to 2 HO p. in., only 25 cents.  CORNER CORDOVA AND OARItALL  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  Makes a hpccialty of Dewar's hpcial  Ktjucur. also Ublier's black label liqueur  whiskey. Largo stock of imported and  domestic cigars. Finest billiard and  pool tables. R. I). MULLIGAN &.  CO..   Proprietors.    SNADEte'S SHOE ST��ffiE  632    GRANVILLE    STREET,  Carries n full line of  UNION LABEL SHOES.  ���The-Union-Lntfel "guarantees-fair  wug?M nnd good workmanship.  No scab labor.  is; ��i ini.  MID iii Co  to do so may get :nuc.i food for reflection herein and by' reasonable deductions from the above facts save  themselves   much   worry in solving  j this always moro or less vexed pro-  , Mem.  From l-heirn*atlmo.bonthtteld*n4  I'rnU'Cilon lelaud lollierloa,  Steam, <8as  and  House Coal  01 tbe Following Grades:  , j  Doubl* Screened I^ump.  Run. of tbe Mine,  Wnsbcxl Nut andi  ,n ,  Qcreeniniie  SAMUEL If. BOBIKS, Superintendent,  ���VANS, COLEMAN A EVANS, Agenta,'  'i        Vanoouver City, B. C.  Meeting.  F. O. B.���VANCOUVER AERIE, No. t.  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren welcome.    Bert  Parsons,  W.  P.; J. G. tire, W. S., Arcade.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injurv  Health when you us*  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  11 [Hit 11  LTD.'  Cor. Carrall arid Hastings  Streets.  rosKiooocooccooss-ooooaaca  DELICIOUS WSNE  2    Madk Exclusively toom B. C. Fbuit.  g   FRESH CUT FLOWEPB   UXIOX MADE  g DOfMEfaTIC CIGAKb.  8 When mnklug h trip around the  Turk call on  �� W. ��. Jones X-mi-r  oo oaoseseoooceaaiKiMai  nnd  i^A���I^I���-  Scenic  Route*  LOWEST KATES. BLST SlK\t<��  Transcontinental Fatiscngcr Ti-itAa  leaves dnlly at U o'clock.  Senttle'unci Whiitcom Expiwss k:ave��  ilnlly nt 8:50 o'clock.  S'l'ltlAMSIIll'S  TO  JAl'AX   AN'))  CHINA.  FfMl'HKSS OK CHINA      .     ..   WI*     I  lOMl'ltl'SM  Ol'  INIHA ..  .   SUV.  '_���*.��  TAUTAIt  .IAN.   ia  TO  HONOLULU,   I'M I   IK1.AKDS  AMI  AUSTRALIA.  S.S.     AOHANOI        Hl-:tJ   13  S.S.  MOANA    .M*C     ���)  MIOWU11B   i'|*u.   ii-  And every four weeltn ih��r>'iiit��i _  For full particulars as to time*1 ut.x  etc., apply to '        > '     '  B. J. COTLB, JAB. Sf*r..i>1 BK.  . A. G. P. A. TlrV.i  A   i-nl  ' Vancouver, B, C.     TO Hn>**nr" �����-  . t    ,, .     Vanco'iT'i-. PfS  ~M.-u.bfrt.j_ ���(  SATURDAY,   DECEMBER 13,1902  THE INDEPENDENT.  P. O. BOX 2X.  'PH0N5 171.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Wholesale Agents for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brandt  MONOGRAM, MARGtJEHITA  KAM, MARGDEKITA. BOUQUET,  ��� ���  OUR SPECIAL, EL JuRTlLLO, H       '  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, KcAlLMSR,  UNION .MADE CIGARETTES: KAHNAK AND VICTORIA CROSS*!  '     Corner Aloxtnilor Btreet una Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  ���90  999  GO TO  DRIFTWOOD.  BY LUE VERNON. V  > .Pieces oJ individual opinion washed up  by the tide, boomed, sawed, split and  piled for the benefit of paid-up subscribers, also for thoso who beg;, borrow and stcul The Independent In order that they may read and forget  their trouhlOH for n time at least and  . enjoy a low minutes while caviiping on  earth where so many peoplo are willing to" give you a kick and whero so  few offer to extend a helping hand.  Up-To-Datc Synonyms.  '.You    can pay   mc in   simoleons or  plunks  If   you   want   to touch mc simply  pull my leg  ���.I'd as soon be up against it as to get  it in the neck  I'd as well be on the bum as have  to beg.  If it's ofl with you you're certain to  ,    he it.  It you blink your peepers you must  '   close youi lamps  Nobody does a, thing    to   you when  you aie sent to glass  If you make me tired you're apt lo  give mc cramps.  Alt   you'ic   dotty   or   you're off you  must have wheels  Every four-time winner's  ' sure to  get the cream  You're a mug, or mark or cove,   or  guy, oi bloke, just as you  mease  That is right,  straight goods   and  also it's no dicam.  ".You can pipe mc off or mere'/ ^si/e  mc up  If you're sloppy you are lushed, or  ore ide  If you aie on thc water wagon   jou  must put thc .-shatters up  You can brace or bone me, just as  you decide.  The   waiter's   favorite flow ei���fc t-  zget-nic-not.  Every woman thinks the other vo-  .man looks horrid at the theatre.  Many women arilvc We at the  thcatic just to attrcct attention.    *  IJeople who always have a talc of  woe aie not very agreeable people to  meet. ^ _���  There are lots of people in Vancou-  -vcr who expect to be landed in hea-  ���ven just because they attend church  -regularly.  Whcncvei you see a big ndveil'sc-  .ipcnt of a sewing michi'V! typc-wii-  tcr or a gun in a countiy wecklv it  :is   safe   to bet that the editor has  ������e��e��o������e������9������������  ** Stands, for ajil.that is  e  89  &  0  ���ft  9  9  9  Strongest and Best. J  ���THE-  HI  a  ��  ;��' (LIMITED.)' )' '\y  9 HAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPEG, MAN. '���  v�� , > ,'k,-, i - ��������������;"���'- SKJ ,���  ,*ft90909ftO09ft9990Oft9ft9ft  .     ���}   , - "��� >��� {.���  s.'H-'ed a contract to pay ail the ai-  ticlc is worth in cash and thro.v the  advci Using in.  Some young ladies who are too modest to say "leg" do not object to  showing their ankles on the street  ciossings on a rainy day.  It is better to cany the iantcrn  with you on a dark night* than to  have to go back for it r-very time you  lose your way.  When the average young man looks  into the eye; of the girl he adoics, lit  is satisfied there is such a thin; as  wireless telegraphy.  A Vancouver woman who looked  mad enough to bite a nail m two,  dining her married life, is becoming  noted foi a sunny, pleasant expies-  sion now she is a widow.  When aenal machines come into  geneial use the invalid will experience one big advantage in their use  for locomotion, he can change climate without leaving home.  The working men aie Vniggeis"  To the monoy power thai, tobs,  The'Carpcnteis, aie niggers  To the men that boss the lobs,  The. railroad men aie niggers  To the magnate of the rail,  But everybody's iuggeis  Aie the boys that cany mail.  A lecturer was dilating iinon the  stiength of the magnet, defying anyone to show or name anything sur-  passingCits powei. Ayoingiiian of  Vancouver demuired, ami instanced a  young lady of Victona who attiacts  him fiom"1 Vancou\cr tu Victona eveiy Sunday. >  "If 1 evei was to commit suicide  at sea," said a hobo to us the other  day on the wliaif, "I'd |ump from the  bow of the boat."  "And why not Horn the stern1'" wc  asked.  "If I jumped fiom the stern," he  replied, "1 touldn't avoid the wash."  Editing a papei is a Pile thing   If  the cditoi publishes a lew jokes peo.  pie say he is lattic brained.    If   he  publishes original uiaitci tncy say he  stole it. If lie steals it l.l.ey .'ay    he  is    too la/y to \uite, oi else hoias  him  responsible  foi   somebody  else's  ideas.     If   he doesn't go to (liiircl*  they say he is a hciLlieii. If he does  go they say he is a hypctjitr-   If he  stays in thc ollice they say he ought1  to get out and hustle news. If he gels ]  out~they   calF~lniii "a-f3arer7"-liiliTr  weais    old   clothes tliey --ay he has'  just about played hi.-, last  tune   'if'  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  MORTIMER REPLIES TO FOLEY.  To the Kditor of The Indkpkmilm:  Sir���In   dealing   with an opponent  like Mr. Foley tliere is a decided advantage   in   a newspaper discussion  which one does not obtain in a controversy on a public platform, that is,  there ^arc not the .same facilities   for  your opponent wiiggling out of    a  proposition once it is stated.     And  I have   never   seen   this advantage  made more apparent than m dealing  with   Mr. Foley's rejoinder in your  last issue.    After my exposure ot the  absurdity   ot   his  contention, "lhat  thc capitalist and the laborer have a  greater community than a conflict of  inteiests," he falls back upon a very  questionable method of evading    the  issue by saying that this statement,  to use Ins own words, "has not and  was not intended to have any bearing  on   the question at issue", and further  Arrogantly Intimates  that though he might be able to  pro\c this statement ho docs not  "feel called upon to defend it." Now,  sir, what is it that this doughty  champion is now prepared to argue  upon? An entirely new, and evidently, m his opinion, a much safer proposition, and one in which he states  the question and appoints the speak-  crs'for and against. Thus: "Resolved���  That capital and labor have no community of interest; Mortimer in the  affirmative, Foley in the negative."  In his anxiety to still further hedge  he insists that if he succeeds in proving even thc slip-litest "degree" of  "community of interest" he wins  out. All of which, Mr. Editor, goes  lo prove that Mr. Foley  Was Guilty  of thc very thing he rails at the socialists for. To again1" use his own  woids, he made a "too sweeping as-  scition." He took up a position that  was "immoderate and untenable,"  and was compelled to back down.  Now, sir, I do not propose to discuss the question 'as Mr. Foley has  revised it. It would only be a waste  of time and energy, and for whicli I  have no inclination. Even if we were  to concede that the capitalist and  the laborer had a slight degree of  common interest it would be abso-  solutcly of no importance in determining wliere the supreme interests of  the laboier lay, so long as this (degree of common interest) was not  thc dominant principle m their relations But, having round what was_  the governing principle, we might go  on to somq conclusion that would be  of benefit to all parties concerned.  That  Governing Principle  I contend, is embodied in the following pioposition, and is the one which  stured Mr. Foley to propound his  theory of a "greater community  than a conflict of interest," and,  further, is one which I have consistently held thiough this controversy  and am .still piejiaicd to defend,  "that under our present industrial  system theie is an irrepressible and  irreconcilable conflict of interest between the capitalist class and thc  woiking class and, further, that this  class struggle can only be ended by  thc overthrow of the competitive  svstcm,  and the inauguration of thc  Co-operative Commonwealth "  Now, sir, this dominating pnnciplc  of a conflict of interest, much as he  would like to, has never been invalidated bv Mr Foley. 1 pass over his  avalanche of empty phrases with  whicli he seeks "to cover Ins utter  rout, his refeicntc'to nie, Iirst, as  a wiid-cycd anaichist," and again,  a.s "the piophet Jcicmiah," and  come down to what might be considered argument in his last epistle, lie  icfers to a sliding scale agreement,  which ousts in some liidusliies, as  proving a comTnon_intcfcslT���utterly  ignoring the fact that these   and all  I ���  Union Directory.  THE     VANOOUVER    TRADES    AND.  Labor Council meets first and thins  Thursday ln each month, st 7*.S9 p. au.  President, W. J. Lamrick; vice-president*  P. J. Russell; secretary, T. H. Cross; financial secretary, J. T. Lllley; treasurer,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arma, C. 3.  Salter; statistician, J   H. Browne.  ��  EVERY KIND  j Job Printing Done i  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  9  ��  a  SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY.  Independent  Printing  Co'y  BASEMENT, FLACK BLOCK, VANCOUVER.  he wears good cl.ilh'S lliey say     he  has   sold   out lo the  there you arc.  .aioons.    And  Buy your 'Xmas groceries fiom the  City Ciiocery Company. The cheapest, most tellable and up-to-date gLo-  ccis in thc city..   ��� .        i  1UIKUMATISM CUKKI). \  One of the besi known remedies foi  the cure of rheumatism is that   prc-  p.ucd by J. nnd J. Colruan, the' mus-  taul    makeis,    108    Cannon  Stieet,;  London.     Coleman's      Concent rated i  Al us laid Oil outwardly applied i.s'of  singulai  e/hcacy ,n all lheuniatic af  fections.      It    is sold by Mrs.' Ash-!  worth,  11118 liainard street, Vancouver, at 35 cents a bottle of three foi  ?1.  Dates, one-pound packages, only '10  "cuts.   Al The City Grocery. v^  [>  ��� . , ^ ;, i��"   ������;  Ordrt- your 'Xmas poultry from  Thc City Grocery; a carload will arrive about the 20th inst; price right,  quality guaranteed. {*,  Ww"..h\.,, vvj**i*ai5<��-U-AWr<iM> '"���-'.V-S.t'-ii  other such tiade.(jgrcements between  employer and employee aie meicly  temporary tiuccs, and armistices in  the prevailing  Industrial Wai  He says that 1 have not assailed 1hc  fact that the sugar trust, etc , have  a,"laige degice" of common interest  wilh their employees. 1 have ptoved  beyond the shadow ot a doubt that  (hev have only the common lnleicst  of master* and {slave, and that the  dominant inteiest is with thc slave  lo assert the rights of a fiee man  and compel his master to cain his  own living bv the sweat of his own  brow, instead of appropriating his  (the labor's) product. Again he still  insists that a demand for a product  increases the wage of the laborer.  The fact is it always increases thc  profits ol the master, but does not  necessarily increase thc laborer's  wage. For instance, thc price of anthracite coal was  Pretty High  recently, and tlicre was a great de-,  mand*for;it.   Did this increased price  :*���,'.'.-���'��� �����,.. *- ">"%.**  and demand raise the wages of  the mine workers who produced it?  The answer is obvious. Again he  asks, wliere does he defend wage-  slavery? In reply, I say, by endeavoring to persuade the laborer that  he has .such a community of interest  with his master as would persuade  him to maintain the piesent status  quo instead of following the socialist  line of action in overthrowing this  capitalistic system of pioduction by  the class-conscious exercise of his  franchise. Again, he seeks to persuade your readers that I  Approve of Chattel Slavery,  as opposed to wage-slavery. When thc  fact is I approve of neither but only  showed that if Jlr. Foley was consistent in his attitude towards the  present system of wage-slavciv it necessarily followed that by the same  process of reasoning he condemned  those who successfully abolished the  chattel system. Of course, Mr. Foley  in another place says he "abhors the  [competitive system." He evidently  thinks it lus piivilegc to blow hot or  blow cold as it pleases him. In one  place attack the system, in another  place defend it. In fact, the only vital principle that seems to govern  Jlr. Foley's action in this controversy is his strenuous but unsuccessful endeavor to muire socialist propaganda by misrepresentation and  boost the hybrid, slcrile policy of  The P.-P. P.  lie savs lie is out with lus "little  intellectual lantern searching for a  fact" Like Diogenes in his tub  searching for an honest man, his horizon in search of economic knowledge  is narrow and limited, being bounded, in fact, by the feeble platform of  the P P P In another tespect he  reminds me of thc shepherd of a hundred sheep who went searching for  his little lost lamb. When he found  it he nursed it and fondled it. overlooking in his solicitude the other  ninety and nine In like manner, Jlr  Foley thinks he has discovered an important economic fact in thc "com-  munitv of interest," which evists between employci and employee, as it  existed between mastei and slave,  and utleily ignores the multitude of  otliei,facts which dwarfs this one into insignificance and stcinlv illustrates the socialist cantenlion of a  prcdonunat'iig and irrcpiessible conflict of interest No quibble oi subterfuge or evasion of Mr Foley's can  do away with this fact, and in conclusion I would beg to remind him of  another: That in logic the less is  contained in the greater, not as he  would have it, the gicatcr contained  ni-tlie-less:   in keeping Canada for our own race.  I favor a revision of the tariff so as  lo encourage Canadian industries and  make us commercially independent of  the United States. 1 will support  any mcasuie whatever by which the  government may exercise the control  of trusts and combines. 1 will continue to advocate the establishment  of a national mint, in this province,  and also the establishment of government smelters to encourage and hasten the development of our mines, and  render them free from the grasp of  the American smeller trust. And  finally, let mc say that I stand in  the same position which 1 have occupied since first elected as an independent in 1&78���I will support all  measures in the interests ot thc province, and oppose and denounce all  action, or lack ot action, tending to  injure the province, absolutely independent oi party chert.''"  think  SHIRT WAIST AND LAUNDRTP  WORKERS UNION, No. l��i���Meeta  every 2nd and 4th Thursday in eaeli  month In Union Hall. President. G. W.  Rowlands: corresponding secretary, H.  Alltrce, 1027 Richards Street; (lnunclal  secretary, Miss M. Whitman: trcasuretv  Miss Jeoloune; delecates to Trades an*  Labor Council. O. W. Rowlands, J. Har-  Kle. XV. MoDermott and I. J. Colthart. ���*_  WAITERS AND WAITRESSES UNION;  Local No. 2S. President, Charles Over;  vice-president. A. N. HcrrinBton; secretary-treasurer, J. H. Perkins. Meeting  every Friday evening at 8 30 o'clock Id.  Union Hall, corner Homer nnd Dunsmulr  streets. ,  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  rach month in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at 8 p. ni. President, Robt. Urunt; \icc-  piesltlent, Cms. Bennett; secretary. A.  c. Perry, 33 7th Avenue; treasuier, F. C  O IJrlen; conductor, Ed. Manning; warden, A. J. WllBOn; sentinel, J. Howes;  delegates to Trades and Labor Council;,  C. Bennett, Robt. Brunt, Geo. Lenfesty,  A. J. Wilson and J. Howes. ,__  JNITBD BROTHERHOOD OF CAK-  i PENTHRS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday In Union  hall, room No. 2 President, A. B Coffin;  vice-president, Joseph Dixon; recording  secretary, Geo Dobbin; financial secrotary, J. M. Sinclair; treasurer, J. Ferguson; conductor, G. Flngley; warden, G.  H. Btalr: delegates to the Trades and  Labor council, K. < Macpherson, J. M.  Sinclair, G^o Dobbin, Jos. Dixon. Geo.  Adams: delegates to the Building Trades  Council, M. McMullen, Levi C. DeWolfe.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, No. 151.���  Meets the first and third Monday in each  month at 8 p. m., In Union hall, Homer  street. President, Robert Gray; financial  secretary, Georgo Nesbltt, 1S07 Homer  street; recording secretary, D. Robinson, t  box 37, Vancouver, B C , delegates to>  the Trades and Labor council, William  Latham, D. Robinson, R. Edwards.   TEXADAMINERS' UNION. No. 113, W,  F. M.. meets every Saturday at 7 30 v.  m. In Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, 3.  W. Austin; secretary, Alfred Rapcr;  treasurer, A. G. Delghton; conductor,  Wm. A. McKay, warden, Henry Patterson.    JOHN T. SIOKTIMER.  Vancouver, Dec. 10,  1903.  Wc think that a man's platform  and his record ought to be considered  together, for it often happens that a  candidate whom thc public has confidence in is tied to a poor platform,  and sometimes a candidate whom  they distrust adopts a good platform.  We think Dr. Jlcfnncs' record is as  good as his platform. He is an old-  timer in this province, and he has  stood for its rights whenever they  have been attacked by eithei paity or  corporation, and he has done it often to his own loss. As has already been mentioned in this paper,  he was the only 13 C. member to  protest against giving the whole of  Vancouver's foreshore to the C. P.  P. It was he and the late Mr. Bun-  ster of Nanaimo who succeeded m  getting the conservative government  to put the first poll-tax on Chinese,  and it was they also who broke up  Victoria's monopoly of a pilot boaid  and got one granted lor Nanaimo  and Burrard Inlet. And if at the end  of twenty-live yeais of political life  the worst that his enemies can say  against lnm is that he makes blunders we think his recoid is pretty  clean. Aflci all, the only blunder  llut we ever heard lnm accused of  making was, thc way in winch he  stuck to lion. Jos. JUaitin, win or  lose, on the government ownership of  railways policy and we don't  Hunk that was a blunder And  even then he would not have  lost the governorship if thc Sifton liberals had nol made up their  minds to crush evciyonc who support  cd Martin. Wc think that all who  supported the governuieut ownership  policy 'in l'JOO, and tne workingmen  who have been fooled by the Laurier  pledge on thc Chinese question should  Island by the doughty doctor now  and woik for him. lie is not the  nominee of the Progressive party because this party is a provincial   oi-  gani/ation, _i nl ended to ileal_with  provincial politics only, and consequently cannot nominate a candidate  in a dominion election But wc know  he stands for the principles adopted  by the Progressive party, and irom  his past record vve believe he can be  fully depended on to advocate and  work fot them on all occasions. Wc  will deal with othei featmes of Hon.  Di. JMcInnes' addicss in othei issues,  and in thu meantime vve wish hint all  success in Ins campaign.  INDl'-I'KNIMONT  1.1 lltiHAL.  Vancouvci,  H   C ,  Dec. 10,   1IHI2.  IMPARTIALITY     TOWARDS     SALOONS.  T>> Hie lMnnr.'f I u>. ,\ ., i-siirvr:  Sir,���What is the attitude nf thc  progressive party regarding saloons?  I find nothing a'bout it in the platform. CONSTANT RlCADlCll..  Vancouver, U. U��� Dec. 10, lDlia.  (Note.���The Piogrcssivc parly docs  not advocate piohibitioii, neither docs  it favor thc miicstiictcd sale    of li-  CIGARMAKERS' UNION- NO. 357���  Meets the first Tuesday ln each month.  In Union Hall. President, C L Kuhn; ���  vice-president, C. Parsons: secretary, J.  C. Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S. W Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Schuylmeyer; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. I*  Kuhn and John Mlllan.   THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOOIATIOW  meets in O'Brien's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. D. McLean, president; W. J. Lamrick. awr%-  tarv, 248 Princess street.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS ANO-  DECORATORS, Local Union No 1��8.  Meets 2nd & Ith Thursday in Labor HalL  President, W. Pavier; vice-president, W���  Halliday; recording secretary, E Crush,  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Gothard, 822 Howe street: treasurer, H. MeSorley^ ^^^   ilNTERNATIONAOL BROTHERHOOD OV  Electrical Workers, Vancouver Local.  No 213���Meets second and fourth Tuesday  In each month ln Union hall, room No. 4.  President, Geo Cowling; vice-president,  R P. Irwin, recording secretary, A. D.  Hotson, G3B Richards street; _ financial  secretary, John Dubberley,   aIJXTI-JATIY, NO 1, LOCAL 213, I B.  E. W. Telephono Operators���President,  Miss .1. Hunter, 812 Homer Ktieeti, vice-  president, Miss r. LiMiigstone, Ofif  inranvillc Street; rci.oiding-'-ecretary.  Miss .). Browne. 827 RiclmnK Stieet;  treasurer. Miss E. Beutlcy, 1121 Seymour Street  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union ol  America. Locnl No -ib, Vancouver, B-  C , meets lust and thud Thursday int  each month. Piesidcnt, 'J' Baxter, vice-  president, J Ingles, recording secretary.  F W Hurtle* Unnncial Mjciotary, M.  MacLcan, 2100 Westminster Avenue,  .Mount I'leasMit; coirosjfonflin!.' secretary.  J Webster, 2811 Westminster Avenue,  Mount Pleasant, treasurci, .1. Wilkinson.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union, No 120���President.  Fred Hawe, vice-prcfaiilenL, .1 A Dib-  den, coirespondmg-fiiuincial secretary, J.  A. Stewart, 31 Cordov.i St, recorder,  W riawkins, tieasmcr, G llower. guide.  A II. Lcguit, guardian, A 1* Anderson, delegates to T .". L Council, Fred  llawc and J. Clilimui Meets Inst and'  tlmd Wednesdays of e.uh month in Union Hall. <  ���. -vj<;,  HON. DR. M'INNES'  ADDItBSS.  To the hill lm -if'lni- Isun'i-.sniM  Sir,���Hon. Dr. Mcinnes has issued lug  Address to thc electors, and vve agree  with om fnend thc World m ���aving  that it "sbould bo tend and weightd  hy all intelligent voter,.'' Tlieie is  meat enough in it to feed a do/en  c1,tonal: but wc lu-'e nol, Cine tli:*,  week to discuss it much. We must  say, howevei, that we like the doc-l  tor's platform, which is given ol 'be'  close of the addicss.  ir.'c s.tvn"  "1 w.tl do all in my powei to make  known to llie people of I..��.��.:r.n '.'. u-|  nda the hi nble elfect ai > lunc-e com-;  petition in lowei ing lhe slandaid oil  labor, in depriving gi'ls of domestic j  service, and in con*ai: niu'ing ���ii>d -.  polluting the physical aim mora', at- _  mosphcre ol our cities, avl I wil. I quor. It holds that all lestrictivc  I-ess ic the passage of .in aiiu-As- measures tending lo regulate the con-  latic act, based on the Australian e\- duct of places where mtovitating li-  clusion acts, or on tlie Natal act. I quors arc sold should be 'enforced  am opposed lo assisted immigration without impaitiality, to the end-that  in any form   whatevei, particularly law and oider be maintained.��� Ed.)  the liberal policy   of    filling up all ,.: : :���  Canada west,of Ontario with'the riff I Fine cleaned currants, four pounds  raff of continental Europe., I- bclieVcl lor 25 cents.    At Thc City Grocery.  .1' . ' ������-���������i'l,  JOURNEYMEN TAlLO'lSs"   I.*'  <��������    OF  America, No. 178���MceUs Hist and ,  thud Mondays in room No 1, l'n,on  hall. President, C Whaljn, vice-president, T. Logg, recording scci clary, F.  Williams, 181*1 Soventh incline W , financial secretaiy. T Wood, tieasurer,  W, W. Toombs, sergcant-at-arms, T.  Mathews    .   uuiLiinns'   LABOitr.ii^'   riuir.iiAL  Union, No .12, Vaiicou\oi��� Meets  eveiy Thursday evening at S o'clock, in  room   No. 1.  Union      liall President,  Frod_Collins; secretary. II. Sellms, Wcst-_  um   Hold,  delegates lo   liuildiiig Trades  Council,   II    Sellers,   (Jims    Foley     and  John  Sully.  I.  r 'l  i  1  VANCOUVER TYPOC.U U'lllOAL UNION, No. 220, meets the lonith Monday in ench month at Union Hall.  President, C S Campbell, vice-president, II W King, suuclniy, S J.  Clothard, P O bo\ Mi, tie.isurer. Coo.  Wilby, sere;eaiit-at-ai lus, A 1* Arnold,  uscuillve ininiiiittic, W 11 Hunt, O 13  Pierrott. W llraml, Itobl Todd: delegates to Tiades and Lnlioi Council, W,  llinnil. S. .1    Cothaul   I"   W   Towler.  1NTKRNATIONAL, ASSOC! ATIOM  of Machinists���Heaver Lodge,-. No.  jlS2���.Alcets second and fourth Monday in each month in Union hall.  Piesident, ^ Geo. P. Downey, past  president, J. R. Edwards, vice president, II. J. Littlei; recoiding secroi  tary, J. II. McVety, financial secretary , J. Anderson.   $ :   GEO. HAY   : %  4&k>      Viuiumucr'i    I'!om.'i*r    Clothes     A.  jr      Renovator, makes a suit now,      ^^  T Dyeing and Repairing. 7  ���  216 llAMBIE St., Vamxivvkr.  ���  I  ,  (  l  i I  SI  S'fi  M-'-l'  ��� 'y\rr-  -\,A UCWmAiuEn iJi'r%ti,JWiBaW6ttL��JM  THE INDEPENDENT.  "SATURDAY.   DECEMBER 13, 190��1  IV >  3<  '  I' ���  CHRISTMAS SALE OF  BLACK SILKS  Never was there a better opportunity to make somebody  gift of a handsome Silk Dress or skirt.  Hlack Peau de Soic, fine silk,  .1.00 quality for... ...  Ulack Peau dc Soie, pure silk, our $1.25 quality for  A guaranteed Silk, $1.75 quality, for ��� .'.   Bonnet's Tine soft silk, $2.00   quality,   for ... -  Hound's extra quality, $2.50, lot ��� ��� ��� ��� ~   , 85c.  ...$1.01)  ,. $1.35  ...$1.60  ���.$2.00  (Successor to Scott ��t Kennedy)  303 Hastings Street,       Vancouver, B. C.  No Weak Spots!  Our UNION MADE Shoes  from Canadian and American Union factories are the  best in the land. Men's,  Ladies' and Children's Shoes,  durable and stylish.  THE PATERSOK SHOE CO., LD  301 Hastings St.  JOli MITCHELL.  Walter Wi'llmnn, the noted writer,  gives liih impressions of John  Mitchell  John Mitchell ib the mnn of the hour.  It is conceded by the press and public  that he has just won u notable victory.  I wish to tell you'something of Mitchell  as a man and labor lender. In borne  respects he ii- not a promising subject of  study, ft is too much like studying a  well. "Huw deep and sliil he is," ex*  claimed President Kooncvclt to a friend  the otlier day, just after Mr. Mitchell  walked out of the pro.-ident'.-. room.  "Deep and still" tolls the story of  Mitchell's diameter." lie thinks  thousand times more than he talks, lie  is none of those men who have to run  and cackle every time tbey Ihiul: a new  thought. ��� Yet he talks well when he  talks nl all. Nor is he averse to  conversation vvith his friends, lt all  depends upon his mood. Onco I too'k/ii  walk wilh him for half an 'hour.-' He  uttered not more than a dozen words in  that time. lie vins thinking out things  ���thinking about the strike. Again I  rode with hiin for several hours on a  train. Ife talked about the striku the  whole journey. Vor nearly six months  lie bad scarcely a thought that did nol  relate to bin battle for his people. Ho  has read nothing in newspapers except  dispatches and articles about tbe strikes  Tliero aru many magazines and revie'V,  lying about upon bis tables in hisrooms  kept open at thu places where they have  been opened before, and you will find  that everyone rontnina something about  the strike and the miners.  Come to think of it, this power of  concentration ls found in every man  that has ever done very much in the  world. Mitchell has it to a marked  degree. His battle is on his mind  wherever he goes���vvhen hu falls asleep  ���in his dreams; when he awakes; and  it never goes away for a single moment,  even when hu is asleep again. I tried  ' once to'divert his mind with a story, a  - funnv story, from real life, of a man  who had been tricked into eloping vvith  liis own wifc.$j|-Wheii the climax came  -and Mitchell vvas expected to laugh he  did not. ^.Tliere was a far away look in  liis black, knowing eyes. He was  thinking ��� about that beastly strike  again. ���High hu forgets to eat his meals,  and his faithful secretary, Miss Morris,  or one of bis district presidents,-lias to  go andjtell him. Thus he has been for  months, live or six hours' sleep a night,  "often lessTTuid cTcfy_minute~of "tlie"fe-  mainingput in at his work.  One would think such constant con-  concentration of mind would wear him  out, jbenumb'iU'e fibre of his brain,  transform him inio a monomaniac, or at  leastjdestroy bis sense of proportions.  But it is notjso. The more he works on  his strike the more perfect do his mental  .faculties appear to operate.   It i.s like  tB����������������������������3������������  Tbe Salt  I of Life  is business. Wo want more of  it. We'll get it if an out and out  bargain will fetch it.  Now Is This    .  A two-quart  '   Hot Water Bottle     ���  or  ��� Fountain Syringe  75c:  I Tbe Mclkiwell, Atkins,  Watson Co., ltd. liability ��  UP-T(HM1E DflUWBTS. ��  -^&s����m����������&&ss������������  the athlete vvho becomes more proficient  with steady training, or the skilled  norkmen of these days of refined  specialization, who does only one piece  of work year in and year out, and does  it easily and perfectly. As for nerves,  if it were not for one thing, you would  never know that Mr. Mitchell has them.  He smokes 15 or 20 wretched cigars a  day, or partly smokes and chews and  mouths them, occasionally relighting,  but as a rule not knowing whether they  are lit or not. This one hure sign of  nerves is tbe only one you detect in him.  In all other respects one would think he  articulated with steel wires.  Mitchell not only has the power of  concentration, but thu power of silence.  He is one of the icvv men in this world  wbo have such control over their tongues  that ho almost never has occassion to  regret a word spoken by himself.  Hundreds of newspaper men can testify  to theinipenutrability of his silence  when be' does not want to speak, lie  makes no "breaks." He t cannot be  trapped or treked or cross-questioned  into expression. Kverything be tells is  told deliberately and with a purpose,  his secrets do not ooze from him through  vanity or good nature, or any other of  the weaknesses which are the stock in  trade of newspaper pumpers in extricating information from tlie common run  of men.  When Mitchell does talk he talks well.  He has his Irish ancestors' gift of speech  Vvhen he wants to use it. Except from  tlieitell-talcpronunciation'of a word  now and tliun���say one or two a day���  you would never suspect that be ib Irish.'  liul he is. His parents came from  Dublin. He was born at ��� liraidwood,  111., wliere he has lived all his life. He  is 3-1 years old, and he worked 15 years  in tlie mines. He has bad littlo chance  to secure au education, but he has  always been a great reader of newspapers. In many ways he is simple-  minded as a child, but it would be a  bold liar wlio could lie to him while  confronted with that bright, steady gaze.  I have never set much store by the  poetical method of reading character in  the eyes, or the nose, or the chin. But  in Mitchell's case tbe eyes do certainly  mean something. They arc about the  steadiest and deepest you ever saw.  Work, work for the minors. -This is  the only religion of Mr. Mitchell. He is  very much in earnest. He takes his  mission seriously. There is in him  none of that flippancy and hnlf sincerity  wejtoo often find in men who chance to  rise_to_tlie_hca<l_nf_moveinents like .tliis.  But there is no cant or pretence about it.  He has no'fphraes about "uplifting my  people," or "my cause." He practices  no rhetorical tricks designed to snare  the approval of others, or tickle his own  vanity.";Probably if Mitchell could sit  down and analyze himself he would find  that hu dosn't. quitu know why he is so  much in earnest in this work of hit!, and  in the end he would be forced to admit  that it is simply because he happened to  be in it, and now that he is in it he  must do his bebt or,despise himself.  The controlling force in hia character  seems to bu that mysterious inherited  and only half conscious idolatry of duty  which ninn in the blood of most Anglo-  Saxons.  At any rato Mitchell has nearly  broken health by his long vigil. He  does not eat enough to keep a lusty  baby going.- His sleep ia far less than  that of a newspaper writer. Physically  lie is now entirely fatigued after the  long storm. But in bruin and nerves he  seems absolutely unshaken. This long  struggle ho has had to carry on almost  Alone. His three district presidents are  clever, faithful men, but thc direction  of a great strike is, after all, a one-man  job. It is like a military campaign;  there are plenty of men, but there is  (only one man. This man makes the  Buccess or the failure. His secrets he  has to keep to himself. His fears he has  no one to share with. Alone, as ono of  tho big army,-watchful, working,planning, thinking day and night, ho has gone  through the long Btrugglo with not on*  error. If he has blundered anywhere I  have not heard anyone point it out. It  is a rare, one might say unknown, thing  in tbe history of great strikes to seo tho  responsible leaders going through from  start to finish without a* singlo mistake  that anyone can remember, and peoplo's  memories,, as to such things aro very  keen.  Pitted against him the great corporations,-hundreds of millions of, money,  the best talent money can buy, trained  men of business and shrewd lawyers,  and yet all the blundering hns been on  the other side. He hus held his own  men iii line without a break. He has  helped to feed them and their families.  He had to go against treachery, bribery,  cowardice, revolt. So well has he done  und so perfectly has he played his part  that he is the idol of the coal region  people. He has won them by his solid  worth���not by posing or bragging.  Above all things, hu has to keep public  opinion with him, for the respect of the  public is thu labor leader's capital.  From the beginning of the strike to the  closing days the public has been with  him and never more so than now.  True, he has buen ' fortunate in his  opponents. Baer was his best advocate.  And at tho White House conference tlie  whole crowd of coal presidents did their  level best to make Mitchell a national  hero. But have you ever heard Mitchell  savins the wrong thing or exhibiting  any spirit likely to alienate thc support  of the American people? Tried in every  way in battle and in council, in brains  and deportment, be has moved steadily  along without one false step. He has  done his work without self-seeking without having his head turned in the  slightest degree by the height which ho  has attained. He is "John" to all his  friends and followers. He is earelofg  about his dress and loves to sit in his  oflice in his shirt sleeves. His head is  not swollen and never was.  A man with less vanity I havo rarely  seen. He does not appear to be aware  that he is one of the central figures 'on  .fho national stage at this time. When  some one'mentioned him for govenor of  Illinois ho took it as a joke. When  people come' to him and "tell what a  great victory he has won, he returns his  thanks. He is not thinking of himself,  but of his next move. Today before his  convention lias been held/lieisplnunine*  hovv to get his case most forcibly, before  tbu arbitration tribunal. Offers come1  pouring in to write books and magazine  articles and to deliver lectures, but he  has no lime for such things, lie has  work to do. He is one of the men who  Iind joy in work. Tliu only thing I fear  about him is thut when the battle is  over and the tribunal has rendered its  decision, he will collapse for lack of,  nervous stimulus from the strain thathe  has endured. f>  Great as tbo strain has been it has not  effected his marvelous self-containment,  self mastery. Ko situation or shock  ever started him into a flurry. His  poise and balance are equal to all  emeigancies. At the White House  conference he bore the taunts of Baer  uul others vvith unruffled mein. His  calm deliberateness under all circumstances, no matter how trying, is quite  extraordinary.  When one stands close to a man who  carries on a great battle, you expect now  and then to find him turning sharp  corners, dealing in half-truths, or playing his game with art, as well as with  forccfulncss. But Mitchell is not that  sort of a general. He knows little or  nothing of strategy. His methods are  all simple and direct. He plays his  cards openly. He does no; know how to  lie, nnd detests a man who does. He  despises trickery, insincerity, smartness.  Never was a greater blunder made by  mortal men than that of the coal  companies' presidents when tliey  suspected Mitchell of an act of bad faith  with them and resolved to crush him.  Tremendous consequences followed from  that seemingly small error. The company managers simply did not know  their man and never tooK the trouble to  find out about him. This vvas their  iirst blunder, and they added a hundred more in tlieir effort to stand by it.  Senator llanmi was right when he  said:  "Instead of fighting Mitchell the  anthracite people ought to thank tlieir  lucky stars they have him to reason  with in the end. They could well afford  to spend $1,000,000 to keep him wliere  he is instead of trying to destroy him  and bringing a radical and trouble,  maker to the front to take his place."  DEFAMATION OF OHARACTCR.  It has always been a part of a grand  officer's duty to take a certain amountof  criticism from the members of the  organization he represents! and no fair-  minded man will dare say that the rank  and file have no right to criticise the  actions of their executive officers, for  they certainly have; but there is u vast  difference between criticism and abuse.  While wu concede the right to one, we  do not thootbet. A member has the  perfect right to find fault with cortain  things when ho honestly differs, but he  has no right to defame any* one. We  have in mind an organization for which  a gentleman who has always stood well  in organized labor and the community  in -which ho lived, but there was- a  certain few men who he positively ro-  fused to crawl to, who have tried for  years to defeat him in convention without success. Failing in this, they  circulated a rejiort broadcast that he  wus in league with tho bosses during a  strike that happened nine years ago.  The G. S. of the organization, to uphold  his manhood, has been forced to enter  suit for defamation of character. When  the whole thing is sifted down it will be  another case of "Somebody told me so'."  When thc timo comes in the history of  organized labor that men have to sacri.  lice honest convictions for fear of displeasing a certain few members, we  know no honest man will cater to bo a  grand ollicer.  When a grand officer becomesufraid to  express bis opinion for fear of getting  some one against him, he is unlit for the  position. Tho proper procedure is not  law suits, but a trial by tho organization  he belongs to. A grand officer should  not bo found guilty in a barroom, or on  street corners, but given a chance at all  times to defend himself.���Electrical  Worker.  ^K^?>g^������5��y^tg��?*e^�������^e��^&^K��J��e��' ^^^���^^���)K��)K��^��)tC��:K��>:��)K  A FREE TRIP TO NEW YORK  9?  I'tr  *��� 5r  - #  Itaplh'a great guessing contest ia now on.    Tbe person who guesses '. i  the nearest to tho number of beans in the bottlo ln our window gets a 5f  11ETUKN TRIP TICKET TO  NEW YOU-K. ; < ���  ONE GUESS FOR EVERY DOLLAR YOU *  SPEND HERE.  Buy your heating stovo hero and theu guess away.  9126 Hastings St. ��.-���  * SOLE AGENT ,   " <U  RAINCOATS  It scema as, though wo could not say too much about our present  btock of raincoats. ,  They arc raudo ot tho- famous cravenctto cloth, and fn colors of Oxford greys,   fawns,  olive  greens and browns.  ,Tho beautiful  Oxford  greys seem to havo tho call, as far as color  goes. , ' . .  They  havo   tho  popular culls and slash pockets.  The sizes run from thoso for boys of nluo years of ngo up to size  it in men's.  . JOHNSTON, KERfOOT ��> CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 127 Mast logs-St., 0|i|>. Wm. Ralph's. *  Extra fine raisins,  five pounds for  25 cents.    At The City Grocery.  D.    J.    O'DONOGHUE.  C. S. O. Homlreault, writing in an Ottawa daily paper says:  "Jlr.   D.   J.   O'Donoghue,   who   was   responsible for thc oiigin of ihe   Ottawa  Typograhical union in May,  1806, when  lie presided at the flrst meeting held in  'Jlaloney's school     house     on     Clarence  stieet   is  still   an     honored   -and   active  ���'member of 102.' .At tho last mooting ho  ��� delivered a strong  speech  in ., i.advocacy  ot the label 'and   his remarks  met with  the  general   approval  of    tho      membership."  '  Verv choice mixed nuts,    only    15  cents 'a pound.   At The City Grocery,  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  tarn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  When yoa wont to hire a flrtt-olMi  bono and buggy, so to the Palace  llTtnr stable*.. Telephone US.  AVe, the undersigned, handle the  only UMOX MADE CIGARErTEEj  made in Canada. lCARX'.i'C, V. C.  autlT.&B. \,   ���  H. G. MOORE  S. HARCUS  G. W. WEEKS  W.J.McMHIan&Co.  Wholesale Agents for B. C,  Corner Alexander St. und Columbia Ave*  Vancouver, B. C.    *  T. 0.110X, 200. PHONE, 17D.  Don't forget to call  for Home-Made....  Kippered Herring, Etc.,  PiitrujTlJy  JAS. BROWN & CO.,  Phone 300. VANCOUVER', B.C.  PHONE I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds ot work ln this line promptly attended to.  Tho ballot ia tho only weapon with  whicli we can fight capital.  To use that woapon Intelligently wo  must know somothing about the Industrial evolution.  Read Collectivism. Cloth, 50 cents;  paper, 25 cents. -  We have.novv ln stock a full line of   the best Heating Stoves ln the market  and have made a very low   price   on them to clear them out in a hurry.  COAL BASE BURNERS, COAL II OT DRAFTS, WOOD HOT DRAFTS, .  PLAIN AIR TIGHTS, CAST TOP AIR   TIGHTS, ETC., ETC.  NcLennan, Mcf ecly ������ Co*  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver. B.C.'  Phone 3063.'  Wd Want That Order of Yours |  rOR  SEVERAL   REASONS. |  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES,  ��  LOGGERS' SUPPLIES,'10' ,'"  | BLACKSMITHS' SUPPLIES,  t SAW MILL SUPPLIES, ETC.  Because  we  have  the .stock to  supply you the best.  : Because our attention will assure  toest service.  Because we" can save you time  and money.  Because one order is a step  wards a permanent customer.  ��: r  Vancouver Hardware Co.,  *  t  $ 339 Hastings Street. %  % Insist on Your Christmas  x Beer Being  ��� e  " The Beer Without a Peer/'  �������  @   Brewed by the  I Vancouver Breweries, Ltd. ��  VancouverrBrCr"        -;-^~-     -  ��   For Sale at all tlie First Class  Liquor   Stores,^ �� ;������'  Hotels and Saloons. '-*,    f  ����������������������������������������������S������^  Choice mixed candies, three pounds  for 25 cents.   At The City. Grocery. I  530 Westminster Avenue.  JUST FOR A  TRIAL ORDER   make up n dozen or two ��'  "FLAT  OOODS'-   ua I  allow     ut  to launder them.  Wo will bond for llie^: and mud  tj.om 'homo  beautifully  dune  up.  The Cost is  Only 24c a doz.  You must be fair and send uu  �� fair proportion ut large and  small plccos���towels, pllluwft'.lps,  sheets, bedspreads, dusters and  fcuch liko goods���goods that can  bo put through tho mangle.  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  010-014 Richards Street. Tel. 848  Branch'office In Arcade  Tel., 1178.  Advertise ln The Independent.    _, , v  n  ti  tl  o  i  \\    Beginning Young  i , iWhcn eyes are found to bave  any defect, however, slight, tnere '  is but one thing tb do*. Provide '  glasses early. . Havo them examined '  by our doctor of optics, Mr. Al- '  Ian, and got a pair to fit yen '  properly. AU work guaranteed.  SUVID&ON BROS.,  ,   Tke Jewelers and OfttMuM,   "  I4�� Cardeva St.  i  : ?(


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