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The Independent Jan 17, 1903

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Array m  THE ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA  . . SAVINUS   BANK . .  ���A Geaeral Banking Business  _. Transacted. r  OFFICES���Hastings   Street,   w..'  w��ttmln.ter : Avenue, Vancouver.  *'  >r'y  Mar. 81[01  ' 4  fi  ''I  >.Ei  r  V  4  J!. ('. PEfillAAKlT LOAX AM>  SAVISfiS CO.  I  .tutlinrheuil Cu|>ltHl - ?10,000,(X��  t-iilwrlbL-il L��|,ltHl - - 1,600,000  Austin Over   . .   -  *   800,000  Ileml Ollh'". Ml Ciimble Street,  Vancouvor, B.C.  VOL.  Zjg  VANCOUVER, B/C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 17, 11)03.  NO 17.  Victory is Assured  Foley's Campaign.  Foley Received a Tremendpus  Reception at the Big Meeting on Wednesday Night���He Made a Magnificent  Speech and Enthused His Supporters���A  Brief History of Mr. Foley's Life.  The following brief sketch of Mr.  Foley's life has been Issued by his committee:  ��� Gentlemen,���Realizing that to many  of/the electois'in this district I am a  comparative stranger, although an old  resident in Vancouver, I take the liberty of making a brief .reference to  myself.  After having been engage'd ln contracting business here from the first  year of Vancouver's existence, for a  period of several years,' the financial  depression In the early nineties sVepi  away mj- accumulated earnings, . and  finding it impossible'to obtain steady  employment heie, I was compelled to  seek It ln the Kootenay' Mining District, where 11 esided for the past seven  years.  From some remarks uhlch have appeared Jn certain newspapers, it' may  be well also, with your permission, if  I state something as to my antecedents  are Identical with those of my fellow-  citizens. ���  I have been and^am to-day a Trades-  Unionist, realizing at an early age that  by unionism and an appeal to the ballot  for fair elections can the laborer expect to permanently better his condi  tlon. I have been a persistent and, I  believe, a consistent advocate of that  course. But while refusing to'recede  from that position, I fully icalize that  any violent or sudden .disturbance of  present economic conditions, as a result of extieme legislative or other  methods, must react disastrously on  employees and employers "alike, and I  have, therefore, supported steadily evolutionary rather than revolutionaiy  measures. As to my honesty of purpose in this respect, I can refer you to  the people of Kootenay, with whom I  have lived for years. At the^General  Elections in 1900 (n Kootenay, the vote  polled in Rossland���then my home-  gave me 1G of a majority over the combined votes  for niy    two    opponents.  ;~$i  :&l  '���  iS'Hv^' SCIIRIfO FOLEY.  and the-policy which I shall advocate Approximately, the same result applied  Should 'you do me the honor to elect mu  as your  ' i.  Common^  ^representative. In,the'.House, of  i6n?_,Cs) '* "> - i' . i *' *'' ' Y* '���>'������  .}'   * f*^_>   .   * r,. \  '..     *     .    _^.i'   "^-'  I was-born in Tojijnto, Insists.;-Ijran  away/to' the States'at'?'the-lage''of.Sl4  years, and engaged In-mining work  having followed  that and-^pjrospectlng  ���f rom- Mexico "to ~t lie-Kob"tennys"7untiT  1S86, when I;. .arrived in Vancouver.  ���Here I engaged with Mr. Chiirlcson as  saW-*nler on the work of clearing the  townslte, and tliree years later as contractor In the' same line of business. I  also worked as a quarry-man for Mr.  Hugh Keefer nnd, on the construction  ' ot eome of the large, blocks In the City.  Investing all my savings In real estate  and buildings:'ln Vancouver. I iwas  compelled to V sacrifice a considerable  portion of my- property ln M8!>3,; nt���- the  time of the business depression, but  have since continued to he a taxpayer.  In 1896 I removed to -Kootenay, and reengaged In mining and prospecting. In  the following year I was elected a member of the Executive Board of the  ���Western Federation of Miners.  In 1900, I wns a candidate for the Dominion House In Yale and Cariboo as  an Independent Labor, representative,  but "fl*aa defeated, -in January, 1901, I  Was appointed a member of the Chinese  and Japanese Commission of Inqutrj.  After the commission liad sent ln its  report, I returned to Rossland, and  two months later moved with my family to Vancouver, my old home, where  I hope to spend the balance of my life.  Nearly, everything i possess Is .invested here, and,' therefore, my Interests  to other polling divisions in the mining  ijjistriets, the vote against me being ln  ,the outlying." districts, .''where'-1'-' <was  'quite unknown and where I was unable'  toe,v,   * _   "X.y[ S>}.[>?  Until two' years ago I had ,always  been a Liberal In_Dominlon_polItlps,'but  "���vlli never vote a.Liberal ticket,again  until* the Liberal Government- changes  Its Immigration policy; fulfils Its  Pledges to British Columbia .on the  Mongolian question, and1 enforces the  provisions of the Alien Contract Labor  Law, as it does laws on other matters.  I 'have never sought office, either as  a politician or in connection with  Trades-unionism. I believe the office  should seek the man, nnd I have a  strong disposition to vote against any  man seeking office under dlrTerent'cbn  dl tlons.  I am ready to support uny good leg  islatlon, whether It originate    from a  Llbeial,   Conservative  or  Independent  source.   With nie the country's best In  terests are  the  llrst consideration,  believe in "Canada for Canadians," and  .would     exclude   all    lion-asslmilatlng  races.  I do not believe that any combination  of capital should be pcimltted to use  an alien as a means of reducing the  wages of the Canadian worker to a  point where Tie cannot lalse, properly  support and educate a family. Nor do  I believe that the development of onr  natural resources calls for the transformation of this 'Province dnto a. Mon.  gollan colony.   I believe   that by far  minion Is that of raising up good Caria*  dlan citizens, and further that the first  duty of a Government Is to shape leg  Islatlon with that end In view.  In fills respect a reasonable alien  contract labor law holds .(In. n' modified  form) the same relation to the laboi  of a workingman that a Tariff law does  to-the products or goods of'the manu  facturer and the merchant. I, there  fore, Insist thafthe Government should  enforce the one law as well as lt does  the other. The Tariff Jaw is enforced.  We exclude from our shores tho diseased and those suffering from Incurable or permanent infirmities���whether  of mind or body���in order to protect our  taxpayers rrom the cost of maintaining such unfortunate people. Surely,  then, the exclusion of the able-bodied  Mongolian as- a protection to our laboring classes should be enforced equally, "since the latter stand ready to shed  their life-blood In defence of the country. This violates no Canadian principle or precedent. A government that  will not protect its defenders deserves  to be driven from power and consigned to oblivion;  I would give no land grants to rail-  way companies, and If aid is given In  other forms, the Government should  secure, an .-Interest in the road to tlie  full extent of such aid���the policy also  being kept in view of the public ownership of railways.  I am in favor of the Government  shaping legislation in the direction of  gradually assuming control of telegraphs, telephone's and other means of  communication and transportation.  Also .of coal mines, smelters and other  means of production, easily capable of  being' transformed into a monopoly. I  would tax the land speculator,- so as  to check the ownership of large tracts  In one hand, and limit the acquisition  of land from the Government, either by  location or-purchase to 320 acres, subject to still further limitations where  the conditions seem to require them  I believe that the recent momentous  changes in the economic -relations"of  capital and labor necessitate a gradual  but radical change in legislation to  meet the new conditions that have arisen and.that the nation i/iat docs not  recognize thesq facts will* suffer disaster and incur many, social and political evils.  I am a Free Trader on principle, but  would apply an equal tariff against all'  countries 'imposing heavy duties on our  goods imported into their markets.'  I am in favor of a compulsory exercise in the franchise, believing that it  is as clearly a citizen's duty to safeguard the country'.-*. Interests at the  ballot-box nS "on the battle-field.  Party politics, as at present conducted,  offers .inducements to the franchise  tiaitor. The'vote of the. lespectable  put indiffeio'nt.citizen would offset this  evil.  In  soliciting your support, I do so  as an Independent Labor candidate, and  will work with Messis. Smith'and !Put  tee Iri,promoting what I believe to be"  'the best Interests-'of the people, of this  district, Province and Dominion., ���  ".,        .'      [        '       C.   FOLBT.  Vancouver, January nth, 1903.  reasons which compelled him, in political decorum, to dissent from the  MACHINE METHODS  ���used by a section of the Liberal Party  In the present election. He refened  also to practices In the past, of which  he disapproved, such as the selling ot  offices and the distribution of boodle.  In connection with the office-selling, the  speaker coupled the name of*Mr. Frank  'Burnett, and  Mr. Burnett excitedly protested, throw  off his coat, and advanced to the footlights, where he and the Chairman conferred together. Mr. Burnett, it seems,  wanted to take the platform. The  crowd, however, was disposed to lieai  the appointed speakers, and finally Mr.  'Burnett withdrew:  Mr. McLaren, of Rossland, was Introduced after Mr. Woodward, and  touched upon labor matters In the Upper Country, and *Mr. -. Foley's work  there for the. advancement of the .workers,- interests.  The next speaker was Dr. Mcinnes,  who thanked the Chairman for the  courtesy of his invitation, and leclpro-  cated by* inviting Mr. Foley and Mi.  Macpherson to attend his meeting in  the same place on Monday night next.  He pictured the wonderful growth of  Vancouver since his first poltio.il meeting, 20 yeais ago, in the Dayton Hotel.  The City did not exist then. To-day It  hade fair to become a second Liver  lar for maintaining the colony wiis  borne by the cities of Vancouvor and  Victoria. Only four years ago application was made to the Government to  have the Darcy island lauircito placed  on the same footing am that in Trncii-  dlo. The K'eply wus:-���".Wo can't dn  that. It was not one of the conditions  of Confederation." The speaker could  not conceive of Anything moie contemptible and liH'.sn.  In spiteof what his tiudiieor.t said,  the speaker  CHALLENGED  INVESTIVlATION  of his-record ns n champion of the Interests of British Columbia, leculllng  his efforts, eventually successful, to get  the C. P. r. to come down the Fraser  Valley. .  , Di'. Mcinnes was confined to 20 minutes, and his speech wns necessarily  brief. He piomlsed to go moie fully  Into the issues on Monday.  The Chairman called upon Mr. Macpherson, and that gentleman Mopped  forward. Mr. Burnett again approached the footlights, and there "as a triangular debate, which was lost In noise  fiom the crowd, between the three.  Finally Jn-. Burnett again retiied.  Mr. Macpherson was gieeted by faint  cheers. He said he believed Mr. Burnett coma take care of himself, and  hoped he would get a heating later on.  Mr.  Burnett:    "You 'bet."  Mr. Macpheison said he had not come  ���#Mi,:* whether-^  Kong^'d^^^  eWce'VorViuie'^  speech: served- to;introduce>Diy!McInnes | occurrences i^the-Liberal ranks. 7N0-  tp';a!.discu3sl6n of the iA-i-A-XiyjiiX  Hil  MONGOLIAN  QUESTION,  Reports from Van Anda are to the  effect that Foley will receive an 'almost  unanimous vote there. * . ,  Wi  WEDNESDAY'S MEETING.  -A more enthusiastic greeting than  that_accorded-to Mr. Foley-in-the-Mar-  ket hal, > rsday night Is seldom given  to 'a political' candidate.  ' The liall wns filled five minutes after  tha doors were opened, and standing  room was at a premium.  Jlr. J. G. Davidson occupied the chair  and whon he called the meeting to older- ats o'clock, the following,���among  others, were on the platform: Jlessrs.  C. E. Tisdall, A. JI. Beattle; J. McGeer,  Charles Woodward, !G. XV. Grant, Dr.  Jlclnnes, Wllllnm McCrnney.  , The Chairman announced that opposing candidates had been Invited to attend, and read V letter* from Miv Macpherson, explaining inability because  of business In Van Anda.  Mr.' Frank Burnett rose to state that  since this letter was written, Mr. Mac-  plierRon's tour had been befogged, that  he was in the city, and might be expected later. Almost at the same instant, Mr. ���) Macpherson made his appearance, and proceeded to the platform; lamld'.some cheering.  On the platform he -was allowed; to  corroborate Mr;'Burnett's explanation.  The boat was ready, the crew on duty,  but the fog prevented the trip, *  Things having settled down, the  Chairman' called   upon   Mr. Charles  which heVprefaced_by. quoting! theGov-  ernmentorgan; Vthe? "Globe,"; which ��� IaV  ���niented jhe 'action of ^he privy Council  In reversing the Judgnient of'the BrltV  ish Columbia Courts," empowering .'Orientals -to yote^Hav^ng^hus exhlbrie^  !the;:*ace !!of7the"V Government V'onVthli  questlon^V:he!|;.proceeaed;:tbVshowVhowr  I-itts'yIfews;were;ailowed!vto preya!l;:the  'destructionVVof ���theVProvirice.!!would be  worked; V7 Thej: Mongol janV'V population  !was,;;.of;: Japs ��� some 5,0fl0,<VofVChlhamen'  abput-!25,qi)0,VdespIteVtl*eV  sus,:^hich7underest.mafe  bers,,almost equal to the'white'ybtet.n  the,:Prov|'nce; fpr'the!Jfongolian's'were  practlca]iy7all;;ma,es;''andV^  chise'd, wpuld,Practicaliy.'aii;vote.;,"  der suchVconditions,?!; said^br.:JIcirines,  "j&qd-lielprthe;..cqun  ionVi>vhich affected a weak1 sentimental?  ism .Vin'.-looking iiiii the-.Mongolian'ques-.  tion,;;iWhlch:;*spqke..for-.free'������'access .for  the;. yellow.race,. on! ���Christian; grounds','.'  should-,be', lbdged;and.boai-(3ed. iri.'Chin'S  eseVplaces.VandVglven'Vch'opVVsticks ';to  dissect; '^hei.r:;yle\ys.Jwith;V7!Such!;senti  merit! wouldhoqii evaporate, under prac-,  Heal v,experience;7-'.VAustraliaV.hadV stooi  up6n'-.lt8'-;'rlgltt^  th.eir.tfmmigra'tionVlaws'we^  ���but; they''were pei's'lstentiy^re-enacted,  and ;,bn 'each 7(Jefeat: their ; v|e,ws;; were  'again,preseriteci-toVrte'HomeV^ve'rnT  'm'entMn'-lani^ag'e-;,wW  'with.each rebuff* until,np;d6ub^  lowedVta^xist^Vto.Wo^  the VqiiestloriKand' fhe^  merit-saw! it'*!was Vwlse^ to'.'idriiift  .-Aus|ti^iaris,krie\v7. better,what;-thelr/iiif  terests'.were than":ihe''.offlclais'-'of -Downing- Street; [j This ;^y^!-:^',l'^licyVv'tliat  British; Columbia :shbu-ld .'pursue,; arid  such .opinion;;could., not,be reflected,iri  jh^jj^lonVof^^ja^e^VbfiiJ^Go^  tlie most important concern of this Do-1 Woodward, who explained briefly tho  ernm.ent.  " The charge made by Senator Tem-  pleman that his political faith had been  trimmed to ;���:��� suit different * occasions,  was absolutely untrue. He was elected  flrst as an  "INDEPENDENT  IN   POLITICS"  and as favoring'7 compulsory voting,  equitable reciprocity with the, United  States, and consolidation of the. Dominion by the immediate construction  of the Canadian Pacific Railway.���- His  views were so' stnted In the "Parliamentary; Companion" of 1S79, : and his  record would bear the scrutiny of any  who sought to belittle him.  Touching again on the Oriental question; he charged that the Government  made the immigration of Mongolians a  source of revenue. It received a net  profit from the head tax imposed of  J1.022.9S0, and the money thus raised by  prostituting.. British Columbia to an  ,abomlnable invasion, was spent elsewhere. He mentioned that the Lazaretto at Tracadle, N. S., was maintained  at the expense of the.Federal Government. ! All the: lepers at Traeadlejtvere  whites. The only other lazaretto was  on Darcy island, .12 miles from Victoria. .The lepers there were all Chinese,  ten or twelve of tliem, and eveiy flol-  body- regretted ..more .'than; he; that it  was necessary to'have 'an,; election,' al-:  though.^^he.'knewVthatother's'regretted  ;It;;toq.7He;construei3'Mr. Woodward's  ���references to iiberalVdolrigs';iri:the-last  election to a reflection on'the.late niem-  ber,.Vbut;.th!s. was stoutlyV rejected: by  the (crowd.!; He asked7 their siipportbe-  .e'ause,he.wasVa''-.'supporter, of the iAiir-'  IerVdoverninent.;7.if eiectedVheVwould  striye��to ;getVa;'newVPostdfflce,-Snd7 as  he'.ivqiUa;haye.theV-V'V;':.VV.^  VV.V..^7VVJ,V,!FRmNDL-r:EAi.ViVV.V:-V-V;.;  of. the. !C^yerrimentr^  ^Cheers; arid .'laughter.-).���" HeValwaysVbe-  :If eved j thatUheV^-IftneseVma^  :blot on���the'e'sc.ufchebri'of th'e'Do^  He'was opposed;toVanyVimmis-ran���not  fitted'for ;.theVfuII-cluties; of! cVtizehshipV  ,The7^VCTnmerit-;7liad ;;.-:&  pbinteaVilVcommisiibriVV^TheVVreports  were;7 now 'imprint, :a!ncl!he bclieyedVat-  te'ntion wouid.;beVglveri' to Vthe.question  nextyse^qri^VlfVno.t,,:he,.wouid,;himseii:  raise Vthe;, question phi theVflooW:of;;Vthe  Housed He; reiterated: his'Vplalnt cbii-  ceTOing^theXappqiiitirieiit Apt /another  1 Fishery Tlnspeq 10 ri 77 Her;hoped V 'P ;'V be'  ;etectedV,��utVlfJIie..was;nbt),wqui^  'ciXoyerl.liiJ.iJyA.iiA;yi.AyA-iiy;i;;JJiXl.  XaAi. Voice:"i: ^2-Tobpcl5- '.'��� else.'wiliV'oxcept  'N^il^AAlXyXijXlyi'AAiyi^  :;...Lou'd'cries for.Fole'y ,weni;interjected  .iiere.-andVlt: was !.'with'[ xlifticulty V''"that  the 1 .Impatience of' the .crowd 'cbu'ld -be  xesirainedi-whne^Xi-XJiAAAXXiXii'yiJ  ;'y-Captain;Anderson- said a tpw .words,  ���in-'\\-h|ch;-he;ap'peal"ed 'to ��� the';flsliennen  toVstaridVby; the-; Labor-candidateV'VVVV  :XXl '-!-;^--' A: i^i FOLE T; yxJiXlA'lX;  met with* 7treiriendous;,cheering,;���and  ppeared in fine' fettleV.- He acknowledged : courteous, treatment; frorri JOr., Mclnr  nes and explained how Vhe had been iri-  duced''.to become ��� a; standard-bearer.:in  j^j3ampalgrijagalnst!hlm.\^::i.!!*:���'������"; ������'; ''..;������  gone. ; Wonder ceased that the Goverri-  inenthad not been Influenced to act on  the Mongolian question, In the light of  Much a political creed as that. It was"  a policy of loaves , and<: fishes, which  would excuse the abandonment of Provincial Interests that personal might  hi- conserved.  As 1111 Instance ot what Liberals could  do for the labor cause Mr. Foley mentioned that Jlr. Galllher, his opponent in the Kootenays, had signed a  pi'tli Ion or the "mine-owners foi1 the re-'i  peal of the  EIGHT HOUR LAW,  and hail refused to sign a petition pre-  soiued by the lnbor men. The interests  of such candidates bore too much ad-  vorse relationship te. permit ihem to  become ,frnnk' supporters ot labot's  cause.  The speaker then proceeded to diagnose the case of those critics who questioned his sincerity as a Socialist. He  disavowed any:professional claims on  socialism, such as put forth 011 Carrall  Street, and In an able manner showed  how a man of common1'sense'might be!  termed a Socialist: without espousing  revolutionary doctrines, or losing.sight  of llvlng'issues. bearing practically on  he politics ot the day Including a regard  for the protection of our own people  against- the vitiating Invasion of the  YELLOW RACE.  In a tirade aganst him Jrr. Aulay  Jlorrisori had said.that.the speaker had  no right to arrogate to himself the  championship of labor; that the Liberal Government,was disposed to befriend  labor,7 and that Mr. Foley had no other ground of complalnt.than. th'e'Mongolian'question, on which'Mr'. Jliicpher-  son' could do ns 1, much as he.; The  speaker said his grudge against Otta-  wa;was not local. He had greater cause  of quarrel with the Laurier Government than that, and on another occasion, would disclose proof that the Government was not ns friendly, to labor as  depleted by Mr. Morrison."' Had Mr.  Morrison been-through Kootenay during  the past few years; he would ��� probably  have acquired more Knowledge of his  (Mr.. Foley's) position than his statements presaged, and unless he was  deafer than a mile-post, would have  heard hlni expressing the treason of the  Government to the workman's cause.  According to reports Mr. Morrison had  said "Foley has fallen in 'my estimation " Just think of it' (Laughter.)  Why? Because he had been appointed  to a commission a few morths ago.  and had sufficient manliness to refuse to  be purchased by any such fcrlbe as  that. For this reason? 'in Mra Morrison's     estimation, his leputation was  Socialism was a broad term.   It included the sollallsm   : ot the "hoine;"  government   Itself was socialism, and  he believed lu government.   The public  school system, the postal service, the  organisations for protection nglnst fire  ana for the,- preservation of law and  order, all these thingsewcre of socialistic form,  as  he  understood     it.   The  idea that a public,street'should''iiot be  free, that tolls should' be levied for the  right to walk upon It, was an adverse  illustration.   Such was socialism as he  understood It, but he was not given to  the impossible theories of the "ocon-  omie socialists of Cairall Street."   Believing this,  he conceived     that they  might go a little further.   For instance  he  was  piepared   to  advocate  public  owneishlp of railways and such like,  and-believed  thnt government'owner- -  ship could with propriety bo extended  to coal areas.   This htought, he extended, to show wherein good might be accomplished by such publio ownership,  In  the  prevention  of-'strikes niul the  safeguarding of public     Interests.   He  did not believe in attempting sudden experiments on these lines.   He,believed  in evolutionary and not in revolutionary progress.  Speaking fui ther of Ottawa Libc-ial  Ideas ,of the Jlongolian question, he  mentioned that Hon. A. G Blair, twa  years ago imported a lot of Chinamen  from Vancouver and employed them In  his Jcitchen.'-The Trades Unions pio-  tested against this act of the Jllurtter.  and. he told therii to '  .   MIND THEIR OWN BUSINESS.  "That is the stamp of men,", sauf Mr.  Foley, "that you have at the head of-  affaiis at Ottawa, and unless you send  men to the Capital who are prepared  to fearlessly expose the case and show  the  Government  that  the    people   of  British Columbia are in earnest, you.  1,  cannot expect   other   treatment  than  you are now    receiving."    (Prolonged  cheers.) ,. '  He siioke of the report of   the Royal  Commissioner andT^xplairied-  how  JlrT  Clute and himself had been obliged to  protest again and again in order to get  the notes transcribed. He referred to  this in answer to opponents who asked  how the Government could be expected  to net In the matter before the' report  was read and digested.7 Furthermore,  while the Commission was sitting,* Sir  Wilfrid Laurier had openly said that  no matter whnt the report might be his  Cabinet would see to lt that  NO LAWS WK11K ENACTKD  r*fhlrh would interfere with Impellal  relations with Japan.   (Cheers.)  A string of lies circulated about Mr.  Foley next received attention. He wtiK  accused of whooping for joy over Boer  victories In South Africa. He was accused of be-ing a Fenian; he wns accused because hiswife kept a boarding  house, and a! lot of other mnllclolis  trash was asserted against him. "With  quaint humor Mr. Foley set .the mind  of the audience at rest a'bout these  terrible Indictments, and showed that  the heart of the big orowd was with  him, "when he,, drew the conclusion that'  he knew of no other reason why he  should not be elected than because he  was a  'SON OF TOIL.  1    1.    It    - ���* -   *.fw ,>  The crowd cheered the candidate again  and again. ,  m  n  '���il!  'S*&_ffis!!IS?;..  mm  ;5TOI<gK3S^tv)M^fciMEEBag!!lS TUE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY January 17, 1903  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY   IN   THE  TEUliSTS OF THE MASSES  IJJ-  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT      OF      FLACK      HLOCK,  HASTINGS STUEET.  VANCOUVER. 13. C.  lax on Orientals, and nothing short of  that will satisfy true and loyal British  Columbians.  MncphuibOn pays that Foley is a che-  I'haco (a new coiner). Foley helped to  L'U*ar the silo on which Vancouver now  btands.  sunscnii'TioNS in advance.  A week, 5 rents; month, 15 cents; threo  months. ,o I'l'nt.s; six months, c> eents;  ono j i'.ir. *fl '23.  Mr. Foley n, not running on thc Con-  sei'Vnn\i> pl.ufonu, but us a pioti'st  .ignlnst the broken pledges of the Laurier govi-imm-m.  ENnoi'.SEU HY THE TRADl'S AND  LAHOn CtJl'NCIU THE VANCOUVER I.AHOlt I'.MtTY AND THE  BUILDING  TRADES COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be hud  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY January 17, l'-OIl  Till-:  CIVIC  ELECTION.  The result ol our civic elections must  be of exlivnii' satisfaction m the work-  intrmi'ii of Vniu-ouver. Trui-, they did  not hui'cced iu elci-lin  dates emloised by tlie Tr.ides and Labor Council, but In every instance they  made a Kond showing, and a little bettor organisation w.is all that was needed. The two elected���Messrs'. Macpherson and Morton���wero at thc head of  the noils lu their lespeclive wards.  Mr. Jlacphorum's vktoiy in Waul 11  was a foregone (-inclusion. As an :ild-  ei man wc bellow he will give the same  careful, conscientious attention to civic  nlfnlrs he did lo the wider field of provincial legislation.  Jlr. Mm inn Is a new man in public  nlfnlrs, mid we predict that or-' his term  Is up he will piiiM- siuli a man .is will  commend hlni to ilie favor of his constituent.- did he seek I'm   le-elei'llun.  The contest in Ward X' proved to be  the keenest in the campaign. This was  nn doubt pinmpti'd hy the fact that the  trades unionists hail set their seal of  dlsappinva! on Alderman Wylie for his  animus hmnids them dining hi-,term  of -iflUo.  The  'Tiy.fi-  is  simply  jg'In  the new  .gritism���whl< h In Itself Is lvthorji intuit than u tloineilt���but It has no choice  in either J-'oI-jy,  Jk'lnnes or Jlncphor  son.  The l.lht-rnl oigaiis of tlle \w.sl now  fm in a whole troupe of the "inaeliiiie"  press, the same a* the Tory papeis did  iu the palmy days of Conservative rule  in  Camilla.  In Ausirallii they art different from  what vve do In Canada. There they on-  I'oice the alien labor law and kcop out  cheap Oriental laborers. And Ihey nie  liritish, too.  strengthen the feeling in favor of provincial control~over matters which are  purely of local interest."  It Is now up to the people of this province, and that can be effectively done  by the piovincial legislature in defiance  of both lhe Imperial and Federal governments. Joseph Martin, JI. L. A.,  taught the Dominion government a lesson in Manitoba, and it will have to be  done here.  The Toronto Toiler says that it was  in the s��-im for the Hist time in its  history. Its candidate, Alde-iman TJrciu-  liai-t, was elected mayor, and it takes  tlio  matter   philosophically.  Unionist.���If, as you say, theio are no  "old, lellablo trade unionists" having  the conlldence of Jlr. Foley's executive  committee, it is their own fault. Why  did they not attend the meetings?  4>$���~..^4.+-���4f9"'9 ^���w04*"O  f Ladles'  I  Down in Toi onto, Chief Thompson o  the fire department, has been bucking the union, lie's now turned over a  new leaf since Aldermaan Urquhart has  become mayor, and the union will ba  lecognlsed.  Alex. I'lillip says lie considers that the  all tho randi- labor paity is always the advanced wing  of the Liberal party.    Perhaps that Is  why the NcwseAdvorliser    declines to  support Foley. .  The old lady on the morning '"Tlzer"  Is busy these days spanking the "good"  grits, Macpherson, Morrison, Toinple-  iran, ot al. At tho same lime it does  not see eye to eye wllh Foley or Dr.  .Mcinnes, whose views on political questions it equally abhors.  Jlacpherson says that Liberals not  supporting lilm should be road out of  tho party, rionie of the biggest political  jobs over perpetrated In Canada were  dono under tlie cloak of Llbeiallsin. The  Yukon "graft." for instance, which all  "good" Liberals should lopudiate.  The appointment of Alderman Brown  as chairman of the police committee is  no impiovenieiit over Alderman Wylie.  Alderman Blown backed up Alderman  Wylie last year in his dirty work or  police persecution.  i  9  9  |  i  t  ���  good fitting, nicely trim- %  - med, plain and fancy j  | patterns. J  9 Special Price I  | Saturday $3.50 i  One hundred and Fifty  Ladies' Cashmere, Flannel, Albatross and French  Flannel Blouses to be  offered Saturday regardless of cost. Tlieie  Blouses are all fine goods,  ANNUAL STOCK-TAKING SALE!  If you would secure one of those suits at JjtlO you will have to cnll early.  Better valuo wo ha\e never offered for  the money; former prices from 112 to *1S.  .    ��COLORED SHIRTS AND COLLARS.  Wo havo a quantity of these shirts and collars In odd sizes, \4\i. 1(5, Ill's, 17,  and 17V_. If your size ls heie, you gel n ureal snap. Former prlccn. tl.'Z and  iri.M.    Xow 7.-_c.   collars, <; for SOc  On Boys' Brownlo Suits and _<~iuicy Overcoats wo nro m.'ikliiK special rcduc-*  tlons. You will have to. see tlioso trotitls to untlei'stinitl Iho biintnlna we nre offering.  Orders received by mall will como under tin- same reductions, untl receive  prompt attention.  CLU&B   ����� STEWART.  Telki'iioni*. 702.  309 to 315 Hastings St. W.  170    Cordova     St.,    Vancouver.  We reach wherever the mails  reach.  The proposed building of a saw-mill  by Chinese capitalists of this city is a  serious matter to white labor. Something must be done by the Dominion  nnd provincial governments to protect  white labor, or there is liable to be an  exodus ere long from B. C.  THF.  KKA&OXS   Win".  1'iesldcnt Jleflu re, of the Conservative club, in his annual a-idics, snys  that the views advanced by tlio Con-  seiVfitlvo party against oontestinjr the  vacancy In tlio Dominion parliament for  the constituency o:- nut-raid caused  by the lamentable death of Jii*. 0. Tl.  Jlaxwcll.  JI. P., weie as follows:  1. That il- we should succeed In electing our candidate, the standing of the  parties in the Dominion House would  not be materially nlfeetcd.  L'. That owing to the probibil.ty of  goneial Fedoial and other provincial  elections being held in the near future,  it would be unwise to tax our friends for  funds at the piesent Juncture, when  such funds could be put to so much  hotter use In the event of the above  elections taking place. ,  3. That it is unwise to put Iho country to the expense of-an election, when  no benefit was likely to result therefrom.  ��� The News-Advertiser is strictly In accord with these reasons, but at the  same time will express its views during  the campaign from a Conservative  view point, not at all preferring or suppoit ing eithei- Jlr. Foley's or Hon. Dr.  Jlclnnes' candidature to that of Jlr.  H. G. Jlacpherson. The News-Advertiser is simply Conservative, and ns  such cannot consistently be expected to  , espouse the cause of any other candidate.  It would bo far bettor to develop our  resources slowly with stable and pros-  iit rous citizens than lo allow Chinese,  Jai-anose and othei' aliens to contiol our  al'lnlrs. The Liberal government disallows bills wllh aiitl-JIongolIan clauses  in thoni and winks the othor oyo in the  alien labor law.  AVe remember when It was looked upon as bad form for "good" liberals to  have titles appended to their names.  Now look at the list from Premier  Laurier down.   Eremier_Laurler, Just_before_he_cuino  into power, said that the views of the  British Columbia members on the Chinese question would prevail with him.  Senator Templeman and Aulay Morrison say they are all one on the Chinese  question. Therefore either they or Laurier does not tell the truth (for no nn'I-  Chinese legislation is so far forthcoming).    The people    want a  prohibitive  Tho St. John, N. li., l-Teemnn has  changed linnds, and will In future be  known as the Now Freeman. It Is a  llisl-class Catholic weekly, and Is "Independent ol alliance, political or otherwise." .1. O. JloWlillains becomes manager, and wo wish lilm ovory success  In his now vonluie.  "You must cither bo with the government or opposition. No strnddle-lhe-  foiice Independent business goes." Let's  seo. We've heaitl that "chestnut" before, vide tlio tlnie when Cotton and  .Martin ran together as n winning team.  "iVorkiiiginon, don't be fooled and led  nway by .such talk.  Aldermaan Jlorton's suggestion that  the police committee should meet in the  evening, Instead of the afternoon, wns  a good one. For a number of years the  oity hall has been a sort of bummer's  roost during the afternoons.' Committee work can be done Just as well at  night as any other time.  We notice that'about the Iirst thing  the new police committee bothered Itself over was the keeping open of bars  during prohibited hours. The chief of  police was cautioned in the matter  The enforcing of the law should not be  left to the chief of police, but to the  license 'Inspector and a staff of spot-  tois. Policemen should nol be expected  to act as spotters.  In the Buriard bye-olectlon there ar  three candidates, Chris. Foley having  consented to become an Independent  I.n bor candidate. The other two are:  Ex-Governor Jlclnnes, Independent;  and It. G. Jlacpherson, Liberal. The  prospects appear to be extremely good  for Foley���may he win.���Winnipeg  Voice.  There hns come to our desk the llrst  number of the Canadian Threshorniun,  pupbllshed In Winnipeg, Man., and devoted to the farm and home, If thc  Hist number Is any criterion of subsequent Issues, then, Indeed, ll deserves a  full measure of success. Its letterpress  uud typographical appearance arc much  above the average.  The Toronto Globe recently, In 'discussing thc Oriental Immigration question, after practically admitting thc  necesslny of some sort of legislation,  concludes ns follows: '  "But It Is of little use discussing the  niei'ltsof-thc- qur-stloii w hen-lt-doc-s not  lie within the sphere of our authority.  The Dominion government has disallowed the act, no doubt ut Ihe Instance  of tho homo authorities. The decision  will certainly bo sustained If It Is cur-  iled to the Imperial Privy Council.  Confronted with the needs ot thu Imperial authorities; the Dominion parliament will scarcely move In the matter,  even If It possesses sufllclonl authority.  The agitation liy Hritlsh Columbia will  �����0 �� ��� ��� ��� ����������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������� �����  ���  t  ���90  i't  There's a  halo of   Odds and  now   going   on   al  our  store,  the prices wc are asking for  arp roally ridiculously small  f.\I).*-  and  Ilium  t  9  9  GEO. E. TROREY,  STbe Jeweler and  Diamond  Merchant      t  f.   COR. GRANVILLE AND HASTINGS STREETS. I  Official Watch Inspector of the C. P. B. I  <9&i9j9.9.99.9j9999+9f9++ &09999��+^49y9909<999  As tlie days go by the date for the  election of a member for the Dominion  house draws nigh. Jlr. Foley's chances  lor election increase by leaps and  bounds. The workingmen of this district are realising what a mistake it is  to send a hide-bound paity man to Ot-  tnwn If anything is to be gained to-  waids the diminution of Oriental Immigration.  ^44M<^44H4'f^M'^^Ma^'*H*'44  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  "Won't Down."  a  One of the decorations of millionaire  Charles M. Schwab's new mansion will  be a  statute of  "Labor."    You   can't  keep the workingman down.���Bulletin.  .' Will Rule the Roost.  Tho lead miners are still up against it  and even if they secure a commission  to keep the railways straight, the  smelters will still rule the roost and  do the divvying when it comes fo a  distribution of profits.���Trout Lake  Topic.  Same in Vancouver.  The people of    South-east .Kootenay  think that thero should be more stringent legislation regarding freight rates.  ���Fort Steele Prospector.  Dunsmuir Saws Wood.  Smith Curtis asserts that the Dunsmulr government was a Chinese government. But' the ex-premler only  "saws wood," and continues to pull the  strings.���Phoenix Pioneer.  We realise that factlonlsm in all political circles In Vancouver nourishes like  the proverbial green bay tree, we also know that a number of workingmen  even pledged to support their political  friends before the advent of Chris Foley  Into the arena of polities, but we unhesitatingly say that he should be the candidate for them-to unite on, as he is  om- of themselves, first, last and always.  Wc congratulate thc St. Louis Labor  Compendium on .Its progresslvcness ln  carrying the names and "cuts" of William Randolph Hearst, of New York,  nnd John Mitchell at the head of Its  editorial columns ns prospective candidates for the presidency and vlce-prcs-  Idency respectively of the United States  for l'JOi. These two gentlemen would  do honor to the highest positions ln the  gift of any nation.  Senator Templeman says that Dr.  Mcinnes hi his address complulned that  the government wns spending $4,000,000  for a bridge across the St. Lawrence at  Quebuc. This statement was wrong,  the senator continued, as Jlr. Fielding  had wired that the government was  grunting a. bonus of one million, consequently the Hon. Dr. Jlclnnes was  tln-ierorc out three million dollars In  Ills cnlculntlons. The fact Is the people ure nut Just a cool million In the  -���linpe of a bonus on  the Job.  The Hrlcklayoi und Mason, the olll-  elal oi gnu of the International union,  published nt New Vork, and one ot\the  bost labor exchanges on our llsl, begins  I WW wllh a new ili-yss. The design for  llie new envoi- Is a work of nil, It icp-  losentsa triumphal arch In honor nf  Iho triumph of laboi, by Oito A. llel-  t la lt. of I'nioii, Nu .'I. of l.oslon. ISvei.v  bricklayer In iliost- parts should subscribe for lliis valuable Journal, which  Is nothing If not ono of the most on-  ttiliilslng papeis of l.is kind we know  of.  When you want to hire a flrit-clui  home and buggy, go to the Palt.ce  livery itable*.  Telephone KB.'  Already big preparations are being  made ln the Northwest ln anticipation  ot thc big ruBh of Immigrants there ln  the spring. About 100,000 all told are  expected.  CHINKS*. LABOR.  Chinese labor is cheap. The trusts  want cheap labor and they look with  favor on tlie millions of Chinamen that  are going to waste because'tliey aru not  permitted to enter the country and compote with white labor for a living. The  clamor of the trusts and a few misguided  persons who, under pretense of christian  interest, and humane love for the heathen, tried to have the law of exclusion sot  aside, is evidence of tliis intent. The  demand for labor was never introduced  as an argument, for both trusts and  sympathizers know that tliere is no such  demand for labor in this country. The  friends of the Chink, who make themselves believe it is eminently proper to  sacrifice the entire social and economic  structure for tlie purpose of getting the  Chinamen ovcr here to Sunday school  have not given up the idea that some  time the'bars will be let down hnd the  heathen admitted. Thc passage of the  exclusion law by Congress was a makeshift and an attempt tb please both the  trusts and the working people, but the  trusts nover let a good, thing go and if  one believes that they have laid down  on the question of the cheapest, labor,  he is mistaken. Tliero is an iold adage  to thc effect that there are more ways to  kill a cat* than by.chocking -it with  cream. The trusts sometimes realize  that Congress dares not comply with the  spirit and letter of trust desire for-if-its  members went too fur thov would lose  their political jobs; labor agitators  might ba elected and the money mills of  the trusts gods might be stopped by legislation. Tliey know' just where to stop  und wliere to commence again. Tlie  trusts want cheap labor und Chinese  labor is cheap lalior. The United States  Congress is afraid to come out openly  and suy tlie Chinese shall be admitted.  ���Trninitieii's Journal.  ol hurrying about buying l.lfo In Miriuicc so many men think and say. At  least two stiong icasons uie: Go od health Is uncci tain; Increased cost Is  certain.  What's  the use of watting might hotter ho saldl  UNION JIUTUAL   POLICIES ' <  mny bo depended upon to protect throughout tho varying experiences of  human life, to faithfully guard tKo.intercuts of the Insured, und to bo  promptly cashed when thoy boebmo payable. Values and privileges abound  ami   aro   conveniently   available.   Detailed facts gladly furnished.  After throe years tlio Union Mutual Policies do not become void by failure  to pay pioiniums, tho Main Non-Forfeiture Law without action of thc  rolicy-holdcr. continuing the Insuiancc for a Specified length of timo.  Union Mutual Life f nsuranceCo  PORTLAND', MAINE. Incorporated 'l848.  Call or write for particulars and plane  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.    '  COLIN  CAMERON,  Special  Agent.  9  tt  'i  *���  in  tt  n  n  .���  :!  <>���  n  '���  ��������������������������<������������������������������������ �����������������������< t  CORNER   HASTINGS- AND     CAMBIE  STREETS,   VANCOUVER.  New, modern und strictly first-class,  good samplo rooms; freo 'bus. Wcok  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. m., lunch  12 m. to 2 p. m., dinner, 6 to 8 p. in.  Sundays���Breakfast 7-80 to 10-30 a.  ni., lHiich 12:30 to 2 p. in., dinner, G 3a  to 7:30 p. ni. Rates ��2 and upwards  por day. HAYWOOD .& l'RESCOTT,  Proprietors.  Tbe  310-312 ABBOTT STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Restaurant and Bar. Breakfast 6 to  .10, merchants' lunch 11 to 2, 25c; dinner 5 to 8, 25c; lunches put up: eastern and Olympian oysters; short orders a specialty at all hours;  meal'tickets $4; best 25c meal in the  oity.     D. BURTON, Proprietor.  Meeting.  P. O. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE, fio. ��,  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren welcome.    Bert Parsons, W.  P.; J. G. Ure, W. S., Arcade.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injure  Health when you us?  the  The"  ���  819  SEYMOUR   STREET,  VER.  VANCOU-  IIMPLOYEIIS SHOULD READ LABOR  UNION' PAPERS.  In dealing with men, as with public  iiuustloiis, It Is fundamentally necessary  that one should undei stand them cor-  i cclly. There i.s no better key lo the  minds of mon than to know what they  iead. "As a man thlnke'lh .so he is."  .Mnny of thu most serious mistakes  made by employers In dealing with their  1'iiiployees could have been avoided if  the employeis had posted themselves  on what their employees were thinking  about by reading the labor papers circulating among them. No proper conception ot the-contents of these papers  can bo gained from the newspaper  PI'chs. Thc spirit, purposes and methods  of trades -unions cannot be understood  without studying the teachings by  which the minds of the membership are  influenced.���Ex.  Having tho only up-to-date grill room  iii British Columbia, which in itself ls a  guarantee of a first-class hotel and restaurant. Business Men's LUNCH, from  12 m. to 2:30 p. m.,. only 25 cents.  CORNER   CORDOVA   AND   CARRALL  STREETS,  VANCOUVER.     -' '  Makes a specialty of Dewar's special  liqueur, also Usher's1 black label liqUcur  whiskey. Largo stock of imported and  domestic cigars. Finest billiard and  pool* tables. * R. B. MULLIGAN'&  CO., Proprietors.  ���*������*+������������������*  | :GE0. HAY   ";'!  ^L     Vancouver's   Pioneer    Clothes     A  jJ     Benovstor, makes a auit now.      jJ  X D^in^aiulRepairingVX  a 216 Caubib St., V,tNoouvER. ,      A  From Their iianulmo, Southflekl tine  Protection Island lollierics,  Steam,  Gas  and  House Coal  Of tne Following Grades:  Double Screened I*ump,  Run of the IVlitle,  1 Washed Nut ana  ���Screening*.  ,'  BAMUEL M. EOBINS, Superintendent.     -  KVAM6,COLEMAN & EVANS, Agent!,'  Vancouver City, B. O.  The price is now  such that almost ev-  erybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of ' '  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  ' '4 r    ' Streets.   -  CANADIAN P  ,:i:xxwj*&i&i&  ��nd o  SOO  PACIFIC  V   LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE  Transcontinental Passenger Train  leaves dally at 14,o'clock.  Seattle and "Whatcom Express leaves  dally  at 8:50  o'clock.  STEAMSHIPS  TO   JAPAN  NA.  AND   CHI-  EMPRESS OF CniNA EEC    1  EMTRE.SS OF INDIA _.DEC.  29  TARTAR  _.'_____  _JAN.   12  TO HONOLULU, FIJI ISLANDS AND  AUSTRALIA.  S.S. AORANGI DEC 12  S.S. MOANA  __ _JAN  9 -  MIOWERE _______ _FEB. 8  And every.four weeks thereafter.      ; ,  &6r full particulars as to time, rates,,  etc., apply to   '    '       ' ,  a j. cohjB, \       jAa sclaoihr,  A.S. P,A. Ticket Agent, ,  , Vanoouver, B, O.    428 Hastings Bt  i      v.' .i 'I     . ���      1" VMOOUTMV B.Q SATURDAY January 17, 1903  THE IN-DEPENDENT.  p. o. box we.  ���PHONE 179.  w. j, McMillan & Co.,  Wholesale Agents jok    * r  TUCKET CIGAR CO." UNION LABEL CIGARS  Br iincl**. *  -M0N0GKA.M, MARC.U1C1UTA, UOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, ELJUSTILLO,  El. CON'Duli, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  L'.XIOX .MADE UIGAItETTES: KAKXAK AND VIOTOIUA CROSS  t'uruvr Alexander Siroul ami Cbluinbiu Aveuuu, Vancouver, il, 0.  see  eee  acie  oots and Shoes  GO TO  ft. MILLS, The Shoe Man.  THE DEATH OF TRADE UNIONISM.  It wns a foregone conclusion after  the tory lord chancellor had decided in  the house of lords that a trade union  .could be sued for damages for the acts  ot Its members���an Interpretation of the  law which had bet-n lejected by the  .courts for a quarter of a centuiy���that  the case against the Amalgamated So-  .ciety of Railway Servants would be  adverse to that body.  It is now laid down that it is an illegal act sounding in damages against a  trade union for them to support their  members on strike, if those membeis  .choose' to break a contract into wliich  tliey have entered, owing to some supposed intolerable grievance. The trade  union itself, thiough Its executlve.'muy  not have begun the striko; Its executive  .jnay not individually have done anything to bring them withiu the pale of  the law; but if, collectively, they have  given financial support" to their nieiiibers on strike, tho whole,funds of the  union are liable to damages to the' extent of many thousands of pounds.  Here is a pretty state of affairs. What  have those gentlemen who have always been urging that trade i unions  should take no part In politics now to  say? What Is the position of trade  unionists, who, Instead of looking after  , their own Interests, have been spending the whole of their spare ti.ne in  ;kicking balls about Holds, or placing  .odds on certain horses, or supporting  capitalists' wars, to Bay?  Remedial legislation  from  a government of    rich men  and landlords���the  _government   chosen   by   the   working  classes���is a hopeless expectation. Even  on the jury* which heard the case there  ��� -was not a single working man.   It was  , a Bpeclal jury drawn exclusively from  the propertied classes, under a jury system whlchuwe have often denounced,  -but which the working classes are too  lazy   and   too   indifferent to have reformed.  They have brought this great evil up-  .on themselves.  For years we have heen  praying and begging, and arguing; but  all to no purpose.   And now they must  -suffer for their neglect.  The classes are  rsleeplcss as regards their own Interests; the masses���well, thc masses aie  what they are.���Reynolds.    '    ' :  dustnal Commission sent out by Mr.  Moseley. Wages, he says, were considerably higher than in England���almost double in some cases���and he at-  ti ibutes the difference to a large extent  to the adoption o�� piotectlve taiiffs.  Gi eater libeity was allowed to trade  oiganisations, and eveiy day things  wero done ln Ameiica which would  bring them within the pale of the English law. The majonty of tiades theie  were oiganlsed to a degiee ihey'had not  reached heie, and he believed that was  why they weie so piospeious. Protective tanfls enabled ernployeis to chaige  more for theii goods and pay %\oik-  people better wages. His expeilence  was making,lilm senously think whethei', for the woikers, we were on cor-  lect lines in advocating and sticking to  so-called free tiade piinciples to the  extent that we weie sticking to them  to-day. He was greatly sti uck with the  small oudence he had of diunkenness  in Ameiica; indeed, a diunken.man  was piactlcnlly'ostracised. 'He found  very little pbveity as we' know'peveity  In England.   ;  PRESIDENT COWLEY SPEAKS.  The AVinnipeg Trades and Labor  Council has elected oilieers as lollows:  President, A, G, Cowley (reelected);  \iie-iircsedent, II. Alberts; secretary-  treasurer, A. M. Uos=el; recording Secretary, II, Ci. liw-h; statistician, J. G.  Morgan; warden, A. Smith.  In u short address President Cowley  acknoivleged the compliment the   unionists had paid Imn in chousing hun for  a second   teun   a.*-   president   of   tiie  council.   He was, pleased to say   that  during his term eight new- unions liud  become allilialcd, which w.i*> a very satisfactory record in  Unit respect,   but  tliere was still a very largo field that required attention.   The organized  labor  movement in the city could uot be ndc-'  quately served by the old methods, and  tliey would not begin to meet the needs  until tliey had a salaried iifcnt to give  his whole attention to the work.   "Tlie  most important matter at the present  time," said the president, "is in connection with the factories Act and the inspector under it." The latter, lie declared, is to be more than useless under  present con'ditions.   It   was   notorious  that at places iu the city  girls   were  working twehe and thirteen hours   a  day in violation of the act.   Notwithstanding the non-enforcement of the act  some bf our leading lights, the '"merchant princes" of the city saw that it  might eventually interfere with the out  rugeous    conditions    that    some     of  thein were subjecting tlieir employees to  and we might expect a determined attempt    being    made    at    the    next  session   of   tlie   local    legislature    to  wipe     the     act      off      the      btatue  books.   The act al present was bimply a  protective measure for the' girls   and  young women and the speaker hoped  that   the   council   would   strenuously  oppose its rcpu.il, .ind .ill the uniou men  in the city manfully st.tnd by.the girlsas  they should.   The opposition to the act  might operate on the quiet, but care  should be taken that tlio<-e who did the  woik should get the credit.  Wall Papers  lis!  FOR*  WALL .  PAPERS  GOTO  iatSSc  P. P. BISHOP,  ��28 Pendr Street.  It is a little eaily yet to talk about  Wall Paper, but I want the people to  know that I am now opening up the  finest stock of Wall Paper that ever  came into this province. Of couise we  have not ieceiv;ed our full line, but  have enough to please most anyone,  and we aie going to continue to sell  these beautiful li)03 coloilng and patterns at the leduced rate until the busy  season opens. Anyone wanting Wall  Paper or work of that kind it will pay  them to buy now, even it you hold lt  ever for a month 'or so Ours ls a  Union Shop, always has been and always will be. Hoom moulding to  mntch all papeis. Agents lor the province for white enamel letters for  signs. Kalsominlng, painting, etc., and  all work guaranteed.  TO OUT OF TOWN CUSTOMERS lc  is always a pleasure to send samples.  Diop a postal card stating pilec, color,  which loom or looms, size, whethei 9  or IS Inch border, lequiied. We will do  the rest.  Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AND  Labor Council meets first and third  Thursday ln each month,���, at 7.30 p. m.  President, XV. 3. I-amrlckr vice-president,  F. J. Russell; secretary, T H. Cross; financial secietary, J. T. Lllley; treasurer,  C. Crowdv'r, sergeant-at-arms. C J.  Salter, statistician, J. H. Browne  iillRT-"WAIST AND LAUNDRY  WORKERS UNION. No. 105���Meeta  e\ery 2nd and 4th Thursday In each  inonili In Union Ilall. President, G. W.  Rowlands: (.oiipspondlng secretaiy, H.  Alltree, 1027 Itich.iid�� Street, Ilnancial  s_c.iei.uy. Miss M. Whitman; treasurer.  Miss Joolouso, delegates to Tiades ana  Labor Council, C. \V. Rowlands, J. llar-  gie, W, McDcunott and I   J   Colth.irt.  W'AITIIHS AND WAITRESSES' UNION  Local No "Jt> Piesiduit. Chnilcs O^er;  \lc(-piesidPiii. V N "leiinmton. sccro-  lary-tieasuii'i. .1 II l'cikins; iieoiding  ���secietuiy. Miss A .Scuitto, I'ioss ngent,  W l.llcndci "llei'ting o\eiy second Friday i*\ einng at S WO o'clock in Union  Hull, cornel Homer mid Dunsniuir stieots  BRITISH LABOR DELEGATES.  The   secretary of    thc    Manchester  'Trades Council, G. D. Kelley, has given  _._some_impresslons.of hls^_A'jslJ__t<___the  Unltcfl States as "n member of the In-  ��� e  -���  .0  9  i0  9  0  9  9  9  .0  9  0  9  0  THIS BRAND  inn  Is a guarantee of good workmanship. Our Overalls will outwear  any others, and will keep thslr  shape to the1 last. ' ><'���'��� >i" ''  Ask your dealer for them.  ������TIIE-  1 ��  e  9  9  9  9  .9  9  ft  9  yft  ���> (LIMITED.)        - ,  HAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPEG, HAN.      ���  The Pioneer'Union Overall Pao- ft  \    '   tory; of, thej West/,. '_ "'���  *���������������������*�����������������'��'������������������  CO-OPERATION NOT SOCIALISM  To the Editor of the Independent:  Sir,���Would you tell mc the diffeiencc  between Co-Operation and Socialism, if  any?     <  .  Vancouver, B. C. Jan. 15, 100_.  [Note.-yCo-opei atlon is an association  of a .number of pei sons for the purpose of mutual benefit on equitable  piinciples. Such associations may compete with each other and with the  world, as they ofen do. Socialism, on  the other hand,' destroys and opposes  competition, and affects the Industrial  life of a whole community or nation,  wliich might contain several co-opera-  live associations or colonies. Socialism  has been designated ias the Co-operative  Commonwealth by some authorities,  but socialists themselves differ on this  point. We take It that the i elation ot  co-operation to socialism Is similar to  that existing between the formation of  the provinces and the Dominion of  Canada. Hence, eo-bperation Is not socialism, or necessarily even a stepping  stone towards socialism. The two are  not Inconsistent. Any co-operator may  be i a socialist or any socialist a co-operator. As we have said before, many  socialists disugiee on this point, but  the most modem witters hold this view.  -Ed.]-"���r���- ��� ~'-X'. ^=X������  ECONOMY AND HIGH WAGES.  Mr. Peicy Longmulr, in thc Engineering Mtign/.lne, defends the ooonomy of  high wages. He says that systematic  methods of managpiiient' have been  scoffed as bribes to the worker to be  a sou of "good child," and that high  rales aie in many cases regaided lu the  same light, especially by, those1 who pay  low ones. Such views aie, he holds,,  slioit-,sighted, for systematic niothdds  sue based on a very full giusp of human nature which recognises that bettor treatment on the part of the management yields coircsiiondlngly better  icsults fiom the worker. Therefore,  "high lutes tue an Incentive to greater  oltoit on the woiIter's pait, and up to  it1 vet tain point tills orfoit will Increase  wllh the rate, In that nn ascending rate  produces a higher calibre of workers."  Such economical management" lays  stress on the necessity of obtaining.,the'  greatest possible- output'per'unit "per  production. How much more thought  or,experiment should bo devoted to the  question of human tools rather than to  thatof mechanical .tools?, This,. Is, a.  question'upon1'which 'America'Has' expended some thought  * *..* ������>*: ���"  THE APPRENTICE QUESTION.  The action ol tiade unions in limiting  the mirabei of appientices is held by  some.���pie-emmently the non-union  manufactuietb, to whose inteiest it Is  to employ as many appi entices as possible, toi leasons which will appear lat-  ei���to be a bar to the advancement and  Piospenty ot the "American boy." That  this is an enoneous conclusion I can,  1 think, demonstrate to the'satisfaction  of eveiy fall-minded man or -woman,  who will look at the matter logically  fiom an unprejudiced standpoint. ^  The question is Are we, as trade  unionists, justified in seeking to^thus  legulate the supply ot woikmen by limiting the number of apprentices to be  admitted Into the vauous tiades each  yeai.? ^  We claim that we aie, foi- the following reasons.  The term of appientlceshlp demanded  in the different trades is from three  to five yeais, generally the latter, dui-  Ing which time the apprentice receives  but one-half the wages of a journeyman, although ln these days of modern  methods and lmpioved machineiy and  appliances he is often able m the first  or second year to do the same work as  a journeyman. His term of apprenticeship is therefore'a source of much profit  to the manufacturer, as "the produce of  his labor is sold at the same price as  that of the Journeyman, thus netting  not only the usual" commercial profit,  but in addition the profit arising from  the lower cost of production as between  his rate of wages ���and'that of-ttie journeyman. This'fact alone"'furnishes one  of the strongest arguments in favor of  the limiting of apprentices, for 'it-must  readily be seen that If the manufacturers lealise larger profits on the product  - .     ���'- t,    i    t    ^ \ /  of the apprentice, owing; to the lower  rates | of wages, the tendency will be to  ft-- ,    i >  take on-as'many apprentices as possible, and as ,the,time-goes on and the  flist o fthese becomes proficient ln.the  work journeymen will be discharged  to make i oom for more apprentices, and  the result will be that within a shoit  time the trade will be filled with skilled woikmen who must either lemain  idle of accept work at nppientlce wages.  ���Denis A. Hayes-.  EVERY KIND  i Job Printing Done i  SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY.  Independent   Printing  Co'y  BASEMENT, FLACK BLOCK, VANCOUVER.  ;-��� HAD A "PULL."  The Winnipeg Tribune says that'tho  most leccut evidence of political boss-  ism Is the appointment of Mr. A. I,.  Slfton to the highest Judicial position in  the Ten llories. Mr. A. L Slfton hns  no experience as a judge.. He has no  reputation for such a knowledge ot the  law, such commanding ability and Integrity/ ,as would justify the appointment of a.' lawyer, of the iank and file  il H   l  over the heads of all tho judges. But  ho 'Is the brother of the "boss" who  runs the machine for thc exploiters,  and he has himself been a docile and  eyen aident servant of the machine  ana of the "boss."  j>r    ;,   A PLEA FOE. TOLERANCE.-f  There is one unpleasant and seilous-  ly, 'harmful-characteristic, about, many  wlio have strong convictions.  It ls'inore  especially noted among reformers.  It Is  a stumbling block that often assumes  vast piOportions, and the accomplishment of impoi tant lesults is fiequently  impossible because of it I speak of the  e\er leady inclination to most scathingly condemn all those whose conclusions  appeal to dilfei fi om their own even in  small detail. Tlie minds of no two persons'aie exactly alike, and we must expect a difference when the power of  leasoning intelligently is possessed.  Why not get rid of this mriowness of  mind Why can we not be geneious?  Why can we not lealise the gieat value  of encouiagmg and-comblning with all  those who aie working for similar objects.' This quau eling and quibbling  o\ er hair-splitting details should not be  allowed to stand in the way of refoims  that mean so much to the human lace.  ���The Cry for Justice.  President Eliot, of Haivaid, has proven himself a lightning change artist.  He is now apologising to the trade unions for the naughty remaiks he made  about them.  The coal trust professes to view with  alarm the possible establishment of a  'monopoly of labor", by the United Mine  Workers, and solemnly declares that  declares such a monopoly would  be "contiary to sound pu.bllc policy."  Monopoly of labor is a bogy conjured  up by the privileged to terrorise the ignorant and the timid. Monopoly of the  anthracite coal deposits ls a fact, and  Its continued existence ls a pulbllc calamity and contrary to every sound principle of social economy.���North Ameil-  i     "*        *��� .- * i  can. -   > -   ' '  .   The Cripple Cieek Dally Ptess is the  only daily paper in the United States  owhed_and controlled absolutely-by or-  ganlsed labor. ' At the late' election of  the  board  of directors for, the paper,  i     '       ' t    ' i '        '  nine miners, one plasterer and one cook  weie elected.���American Laboi Journal.  ' Chicago wants her own stieet railways. No leason why she shouldn't.  They of the "windy city" geneially get  what they want. ;  li- jou .ue oul^of tiie'union you are  unfoitunate, if you stay out of the union don't squeal about long houis and  pooi- pay, ns jou've no ono to bjaine  but yoniself.       '  Thousands of cam, of coal aie on the  backs outside of Chicago, thousands of  people in Chicago are sutTei Ing for want  ol coal; thousands of mineis In Indiana  aie woiking only half-time.   The coal  Is held by the dealers, or tho opeiators,  oi   the  lailio.ids or a combination of  all of them, for the purpose of extorting  piofits/from'.the, people, and it Is pie-  dicted thaf'soft'coarwill reacir$20 a ton'  before the combination ls bioken. What  beautiful system!   Capitalists must  t i j  have profits, even If the miners starve  and the*workers in the cities freeze.���  Terre Haute Toiler.  Wouldn't It be a splendid scheme for  all the unions In the. universe,to come  together as one union on any one question? Would they do it? Well, yes,  some day we believe they will awaken to  a I ull sense of duty (some papers persist  in saying "powei",) but w"e make It  what it should be���duty���and deteimlne  to give just one thing at a time their  undivided attention; and when they see  thiough what will then lesolve itself into "power" It's our opinion that theie  will bo other duties that will get then-  attention In like mannei, till this countiy stands purified; puiged of its lot-  ten politicians, of its thousands of high-  salailed, supeifluous officials, of its  miles and miles of unmeaning and un-  necessaiy, inoperative, unconstitutional,  deceiving laws, of Its conupt courts and  of those vilest of vile \ampires who live  by the,sweat of other people's faces.-  Florida Labor Journal.  Three hundied years: of journalism  ivill be completed in 1903. A newspapei  was printed in Antwerp in 1603. If we  compare the Spectator of Addison,  Swift and Steele with the yellow press  and machine organs of to-day," it cannot' be said that progress has been interrupted in every rsepect.���Winnipeg  Tribune. ;  I JRussia's appropiation for 1803 for the  building of the trans-Siberian railway  is .10,��0,511.50, and for the building of  other railroads the sum of $72,o97,29a  will ibe spent Russia don't believe in  the bonus system. Canada is practically the only country in the world that  'does.  The dispute between the Brewers' Exchange of Cincinnati and vicinity, and  organised labor has been amicably settled through the efforts of a committee  bf-the Americana-Federation of ;Labor.  G. Ellis, corner Cambie and Cordova  streets; is the place wheie you (jet  your hair cut in an artistic manner.-'  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that  application will be mado nt the Legislative Assembly of tho Pro\ince of Bntish  Columbia, nt its ne\t session, for an Act  to lncoipotate ft company to construct,  equip, operate, and mnintnin, telephone  and telegiaph line*, within nnd through  the iiimnlnnd of the province of Bntish  Columbia, nnd to Lonstiuct, erect, and  maintain, poles and otliei woilcs and devices, necessaiy foi making completing,  woiking and mnintniiiuig, communication  by telephone nnd telegraph within thc  mainland of tlio cnld Trounce of British  Columbia; and to open nnd tueiilc up any  pait of the highways or stieets within  tho *.aid iniiipliind; and to purchase or  lease oi dispose of lnnds oi buildings  within the mnmland of tho said Province  anil to purchaso or lease telephone or  telegraph linos connected or to bo connected with tho lino which the said company mny construct; and amaignimato  with- or lease its line or lines or  nny portion or portions therdof, to any  other company; nnd with all othor incidental rights as may bo necessary to tho attainment of the above  netessary to tlio attainment of tho nbo\o,  objects or any of them.  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this'ISth  day of December, 1902.  / D. O. MACDONELL,,,  Solicitor for Applicants.  JN1TED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every,  second and fourth Wednesday In Union  hall, room No. 2. President, A. E. Coffin:  \ice-president, Joseph Dixon; recording  secretaiy, Geo. Dobbin; financial secretary, J M. Sinclair; treafurer, J. Ferguson, conductor, G. Flnglcy; warden, Q.  H. Blair; delegates to the Trades and  Labor .council, R. Macpherson, J. M.  Sinclair, Geo. Dobbin, Jos Dixon. Geo.  Adams; delegates to the Building Trades  Council, M. McMullen, Levi C'.'-DcWolfe.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, No 131.���  Meets the first and third Monday in each  month at S p. m��� in Union hall. Homer  street. President, Robert Gray; financial  secretary. George Nesbltt, 1207 Homer  street; recording secietary, D. Robinson,  box 37, Vancouver, B C., delegates to  the Trades and Labor council, William  Latham, D. Robinson, R. Edwards.   TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.'*  F. M , meets every Saturday at 7 30 p.  m. In Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, J.  W. Austin; secretary, Alfred Raper;  treasurer. A. G. Delghton: conductor,  Wm. A McKay; warden, Henry Patterson.    CIGARMAKERS' UNION NO ,357-  Meets the first Tuesday ln each month  in Union Hall. President, C. L Kuhn;  \ice-piesldent, C Parsons: secretary, J.  C. Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S W. Johnson, sergoant-at-  aims, J. Schuylmoyor; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council, J Crow, C. L  Kuhn and John Millan   THI) RETAIL CLERICS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brien's Hall, the first and  thlid Tuesdays ot each month. D. McLean, piesldent; XV. 3. Lamrick. Mor*-  tan, IMS Princess street.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS, Local Union No ICS.'  Meets ind and 4tli Thursday m Labor  Hall Piesident, E Hol'.ind. vlce-piesi-  donl. XV Halliday lecoirt'ng 'scifi.ny,  E Crush, 71,7 Eighth .i\enue, wtst, financial seciemij, A Goth.iid. Si! Hoivo  ���aieet.  tn.-.i��urei-,  II   MeSorley.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF  Electrical Workeis Vancouver Local,  No a!���Meets second and fourth Wednesday in each month in O'Brien's Hall President, A McDonald, \ice-piesldent, J.  Dubberlev, lecoiding secretary, S XV.  Huston, financial secietuiy, H. V. Rankin. ^ __y  AUXILIARY, NO. 1, LOCAL 213, 1 ��.  E WJ Telephone Opmatois���President,  Miss J. Hunter, S12 Homer Stieei, vicc-  piesulent, Miss F. Lmiigstonc, 660  Granville Street locorduigsoecrct-ary.  Miss .1. Biowne, S27 Richards Street;  treasurer, Mi's E. Bentley, 1121 Seymour Stieet.  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS'o"AND���CON-  FECTIONERS' International Union of  Amend Local No. JO. Vancouver, B.  C, meets llrst and thlid Thursdav in  each month. Piesident, T A. Baxter;  vice-president, S. Walker, treasurer. J. '  Gieen; secretary, M. MacLean, 21C0 Westminster Avenue.   JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union, No. 120���President,  Ficd Hawe; vice-president, J. A. Dlbden. coiresponding-fimuic'al secietary, J.  A. Ste'vart, 01 Cordova St.; recorder,  W. Hawkins; treasurer, G. Bower, guido,  A. II Logatt, guardian, A. ,E Anderson; delegates to T. (f. L. Council, Fred  Hawe and J. Oilman. Meets flrst nnd  thud Wednesdays ot oach month in Union Hall.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  America. No. 17S ��� Meet's lst and 3rCt  Mondays In room No. 1, Union Ball President, C. L Whalen; vice-president, J.  T. Mortimer; recording secretary, F.  Williams, 1S14 7th avenue, west; secreta-  ry-ftreasurer, J Savage; sergeant-at-arms,  H. Brazcau; delegates to Trades & Labor Council, F. Williams and J. T Mortimer., , c.  Labor  BUILDERS' LABORERS' PEOERAI.  UNION, No. 32, Vancouver���Meets overy 2nd and 4th Thursday evening at 8  o'clock, In room No. 1 Union Hall. President, J. Sully; vice-president, XV. Lyons;  secretary, H. Sellers; treasurer, J. Cosgrove; warden, H. Chapman; conductor,  R. Harrison; delegates to Trades & Labor Council, J. Sully, G. Payne. J. Cos-"  grovo and R. Harrison; delegates* to"  Building Trades Council, J. Sully and J.  Cosgrove ���'  VANCOUVER    TYPOGRAPHICAL  UNION, No. 226, meets 'the ��h' Monday in  each  month at   Union Hall. . President,  _W J _'MacKay; vice-president, _G._ E.,_  Pierrot; secretary, W: H. Hunt, P. O.  box 60; treasurer, John Watkins; ser-  gcant-at-arms, Jas Webster; executive  committee, H. ,XV. King, Robt. Todd,  Ralph Wilson, A. W. Fimbow , dclecrate*?  to Trades & Labor Council, Robt. Todd,  Geo   Bartley, Harry Cowan  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday  of each month in Sutheiland Hall, corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings  Stieet at S p. in President, Jas. McGuigan; vice-president, A. G. Elliott;  secretary, M. A. Beach: treasmer, W.  II. VandeiWfirker; conductor, H.  Howes: warden,' G Martin; sentinel,  D. Smith; delegates to Trades and,Labor Council, B. Marshall, F.' C. O'Bi ion,  Geo. J^enfcsty, A. J. Wilson and Jas.  McGulg.in.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION  ot Machinists.���Beaver Lodqc, No.  182.���Meets second and ioiufli Monday in each month in Union hall.  President, Geo. P.' Downey; past  president, J. R. Edwards; vicc.pres-  ldent, II. J. Littler; recording secretary, J. H. McVety; financial sccre-  tary, J. Anderson. ,   The danger of a little knowledge.���  "Don't you sometimes regret that you  did not devote more time* to your education in early life?" *'No, s|r," answer-'  ed the politician;, "If I had learned to  tplk grammatical the voters of my district ^ would think I-was puttln* on airs  'and drlftln', away from vthe, hearts of,  the people."������Washington Star.  '- i  'i-  lii'  X  1  lc.  ���m  '  !��� *-  i. 01  '-M  ,i *'<���'i'i-, t, r  '-        *  -^      f  '-it      V  t^misssiamsmss/^t THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY January 17, 1903  |*x��������0����^^ ! TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL  Watch tho Daily Papers  for  announcements  of  '�� BIG SPECIAL  It will be over  in a  few- days.  �����      VT ��  tf,  ���  fe (Successor to Scot! ��, Kenned))  ��303 Blastings Street,        Vancouver, B. C.  ��� Wo   sell   Union   Stamped  Shoes   from   leading. Caii'a-  ��� . ... a . .* ��      ���        -  dian and .American factories.  ������������������������'''���'x-jtjt     ���:  THE PATERSOIV SHOE C0.?XO  .     301 Hastings St.  ..THE WAITERS' MM.  ��� The fortnightly meeting of the AVait-  .-.  ers';and 'Waitresses' Union was held at  the usual place on'the Dili Inst. Thero  7 was quite a large gathering, and many  questionsof interest were disposed of.  It was .decided . to revise the list of  ...  houses, fair and unfair, and get a number of    lists  printed, ..with    the  wage  schedule attached in order that every  employer can have a copy, and the.var-  ious. unions in this  town also be pre-  .;,,;"., eented with a few copies, for reference.  .'In regard to some of .those; hotel men  s   /who are somewhat backward in signing  ',77 .. ,'the; schedule, we have, discovered that  7 one or two ot them have been openly  .boasting  that they don't care, a d-   for any of the unions, and that they w'ill  7 not pay. theit-o;dining-room  employees  V    : union wages, because they (the employ-  .-,���,'������������-; ers) malte the most'of their money in  ���.:":.'/. their bars, and consequently .would not  7*   '.run   the dining-rooms   if  the . lafr- did  '    77. not compel them to.   As we have men-  '.,/'?. tioned beto're,; If the other unions would  --,;��������� ���-'...assist-.us;-.they muststrike at the root  ij-.-i.X-ot the evil, and. avoid those bar-rooms  '-.  iji i that treat ail unionists with arrogance  and ���contempt.    We. h��pe at. an early  i'-iilA. date to. publish the<unfair houses, with  'A-A: comments.   : :  lyy. 7 'ATfeiv days ago the executive cominit-  '���': .y'A-tee-'was brought together, to: discuss ail  A:yy.limportant matter concerning members  7,   ..who are considered ineligible.   Of: late  7.'7: there have been many, instances '.where  7 *77 strangers,have come to town and secur-  ; ���'.;!7-'V'ed  employment,  to  the'-, detriment��� '."of  :;'."��� members7of tht craft of both sexes'who  -''...���:..';-.-.'>verefuneinpl6y'cd.at-:th'e.'tlme.-'Triie,.af-.  ���Ai-ter a-rnild! persuasion they are anxious  to. become members of the unions.  ;But  "];< libowy.is it,7, that those strangers''are..ns-  -- V.'   ually given a'/preference by'''employers?  "���>';"-Vpo-l they "work cheaper?,..;;It is  a/weil  ���'������'.'.known fact, that in more than, one, ih-  7, Stance the. eheechako   has proven", in-'  ������'���;...'.7cppelent,.';and- despite.; this  fact7 more  7 ���'- than one' employer has fought hardrtb  .; .get his particular individual,: admitted  .'Into oui-" ranks.   There: can only be..'one  1        mpt'iye.Vand.' thai.is,:if, those' employers  *- ,    .confessed the-trutii, their'strangers are  ,7     cheap .workers,; aiid once they enter the  V union Vthey can be used ' by the same  V ��� bosses, as a -'mask.'to veil- the .hypocrisy  Ay' of themselves and their cheap incoinpet-  V', ents. for they dare, not seek employment  .':"',���!', elsewhere, as they;could' nevei*:fill the  i,;.i:-' Place of a good man. In future/no mem-  ' . -ber can be admitted until he has serv-  ���AJei^yeaiuauthe-business,*��� ''���'���,: ���~-���r-��^  ���i 'Let    us hope,  however,   that, union  members will get the preference In the  7    future.���":-.. . * .  PressAgent, Waiters' and Waitresses'  ': Union..������'������ -/'���" ���77;,-. .7 ���,..'���;,:. 77  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine" livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Tbe Salt  f of Life  is business. ��� We want more of  i it.   We'll cet it if an out and out  bargain will fetch it.  Mow Is This  A two-quart  V Hot Water Bottle   *  .' ��� or  ,.-,..>  '"���'���- Fountain Syringe  y.xy75c.yxX-x:  f The McDowell, Atkins)  ?  ;  .Watson (ti, ltd. liability |  UMWMTE DRUGGISTS.    > ,..,?���'    ��  S>����������������������������3������������  77THE ALIEN. LABOR LAW.  Says the London Banner:   What Canada needs and what.it must have is an  eflicient alien labor law that shall prevent unscrupulous employers 'whenever  a strike is on from Hooding,'.the market  with cheap foreign labor.. AVher.  It is  impossible for a -firm: to'get it's.-work  done by good honest Canadian.labor it  is',time for the law to step in and prohibit  the  importation, of  aliens.    The  law at present.upon .the-statute books  Is  a  howling  farce  and   the  workers  would be better off if It were wiped out  altogether.: The Gurneys sign contracts  and pay the way of Scotch moulders  and mounters all the way from Glasgow.    The Kingston locomotive works  play the same game and even go further, by signing contracts and importing workmen from Germany.   In every  railway strike the corporations import  aliens :from   the /United  States.    It  is  about time that, the organised Canadian .workers /began to ask themselves  how much longer they propose to allow  the  Dominion  government  to1 monkey  with. them.,  In  the United7 States the  law is very.strict and it.is illegal to import  workers: from  a foreign/country  even when no strike is on;:-  A;.J" '.���,;"  Tlie Laurier government7 can 'place.'a  similar law7on the statute books if it  so.desires,1 aiid if it Is. recreant; to: its  duty and refuses .to'Vprotect Canadian  laboi* from the rapacity, of unscrupulous corporations it. should* be ���'������held to  strict account by organised labor. The  feeling 'of.' resentment  "on;* the  part. of  the '/labor  organisations . in   regard'.'.to  the farcical/alien labor law:Is becoming  every .day more and more, pronounced,  and it/will be a dangerous action for  the government to.continue to ignore it.  11 the government -refuses -to. enact a  law.similar in  its scope to that which,  is  so  easily .:-.' and ���; eiliclently enforced  across the'border it should be, amply  evident that. It is afraid tt). antagonise  the  corporations. "Organised  labor: is/  however; becoming aroused, and''lt.lt is  wise the government will .take: note of  tlie fact.' :Ail 'etneient labor law is mi  absolute necessity, aiid, the, labor unions  wlli'l'Insist that' the.'present' absurdity-  be replaced7 by something tliat is more  than a"farce. 'Organised laboi-."should  be prepared, if necessary,"to:make this  matter an issue at the next "election and  work and vote against every supporter.'  of the .present.government'.if their./demands continue to be so persistently denied. "The workers are determined to  have a jvorkable alien labor law even if  they=havenb'goHo=thelilenLgth=o��Xfdrk^"  Ing for the defeat of the government  to attain it.   The handwriting is on the  wall.  One of the largest attended meetings  of the Trades and Labor Council was  held last evening in Union Hall. President Lamrick was In the chair and  Secretary Cross at his station.  The following credentials were received:  Postal Employees Union, T. H. Cross  and W. H. Wilson; Typographical Union. Geo.    Hartley,    Aobert  Todd and  Harry Cowan; Electrical Workers' Union, A.  Cherrill,     XV. Blackstock ana  Geo.  Cowling; United  Brotherhood  of  Carpenters  and  Joiners.  Geo.  Adams,  Geo.   Dobbin,  A.  E.   Collin,   L.  C.   De  Wolf mid S. O'Brien; B. C. Steamuhlp-  men's Union, Clias;""/'Stannard; Retail  Clerks,  Geo.  Cathray,  W.  J. /Lamriek  and. J. A.  .Murray; Cigarmakers'  Union.  XV. George,   F.  Harris,' B.  Bakes  and  XV. Grose;  Boiler Makers' 'Union;  H.  E.  Campbell     and  J. H. "Watson;  Builders' Laborers Union, It. Harrison,  G. Payne,   J,  Cosgrove   and J. Sully;  Laundry     ���Workers' Union-, Robert N.  Hoggs, C. Lee,. Jas.  Hargle and Isaax:  Coltart; Iron .. "Moulders. Union, W. J.  Dickinson iaiid  Prank Johnson;  Journeymen Tailors, P.. Williams.and J.-T.  Mortimer;  Amalgamated-    -Society of  Carpenters and7 Joiners, Thos. Wise, C.  T. Hilton,.John G. Davidson and John  Gillies; Team 7 Drivers'     Union, J.: J..  Harrison,  G. Dunlop, J. Soaper, C.AB.  Higginson and J. C. .Kerr..     :.  The following/ communications Mere  received: Turner, Beeton & Co,;,' Geo.  Sloven's, Kamloops: Nelson Trades and  Labor Council; John Simeson;' Shingle  Weavers'--Union.     -.... '  Two, men holding Western Federation  of Miners'.cards appeared before the  Council and stated that on the (tunnel  work of the Water; potyer Company at  Lake  Beautiful; tile. contractors   were  .   ���:        ;   '.' c-  .-,.'...��� .       ........  working their men 10, hours per day  since the machines were put in and a  'number: of the "men had quit work. A  committee consisting of Messrs.. Todd.  Thompson and Williams Was appointed  to take the matter up.  ���An auditing.Committee, composed of  Messrs..Bakes,' Lee arid. O'Brien, was  ���appointed with ' power to.secure: the  services of a chartered .accountant..  The following ofllcers -ive're elected:. /  .  /President.���W.' J. Lamrlck.7 /  yice-President.-f-Geb. Dobbin. 7:V  / ..Recording Secretary.���Frank Russell.  /Financial. Secretary.���John .'L.; llilley.  //-Treasurer.���T.''H.':Harrington.:.,'. .A .;  /Trustees.���M-essrs.uPound,,Cross and  Cowling.:     7* -,-.- "7; '../  V.Statistician���J.' H/'Perkins;V'X[y  'X Sergeant-at-Arms.���J. C..;;Kerr.:V  , 'Executive Conimittee���Messrs. George  and' -Gothard.  '7/ ''i'A'-iilXy i  '���-.; The -Civic Employees Union'.re'huested  the assistance of the,Council in securing the endorsation; of :the:.city Coun-'  cii.-'ziAii JiyAXiiXAy'X^i A.Xy V'V'  , ,A lengthy discussion took, place*on  the:'question of Mr. Foley's candidature.  It was not f inislied' when', theVCounell  adjourned at 12/o'clock.'. / 7 ./'.;'.  .;,- Aspccial .meeting has been''.'called -foi*  Monday night, when this /matter --will  be: dealt'with.-//:���;   - y ���'.'���'";'' iy-'-'yiy  CIGARETTES  We, the undersigned, handle the  only UXIOX 3IADE ClGAl.ETTliS  made in Canadu. tKAI{NAC, V. C.  timlT.&n.  H. G.MOORE  S. HARCUS  ���x'  G. W. WEEKS  W. J. McMillan^ Co.  Wholesale Agents lor 8. C,  Corner Alexander St.; niul '-Columbia .Ave.  ���"' '������:.:. Viiucoiivor, B. C.-,: ...  V. O. BOX, 290. V7      ,.,';'  FIIONK, 179./  ^   '       ,   . JHE,WHEELER ^ WILSON. :v,,^,,,  High-Speed Sewing M^liine  We have Just installed one of these wonderful machines In our;,  store, fitted with a small electric motor.   We Invite anyone Inter-'  estedto come and Inspect the  machine,     and    tne     extraordinary  speed it can attain���as high as 4,000 stitches a minute. * Everyone  is welcome.  " ���'���'.". - '���:.'   ...  ,126 Hastings St.  % ���'.,'.:'.���.   V'VVV,,,. 7    SOLE AGENT V-       ilxX-'-X:x:i;.Xix ..  ^���Ht<^*H*}^rK^v^*>K����?}^H^  PHONE I220A.  ies  SPECIAL    ALL -STEEL   WIRE ROPB SNATCH BLOCK..7/   .'���'���iX-l-.-:.  ALX.AN WHTTE &7���CO.'S^^ SPECIAL WIRE 'CORE.LOGG*IN<3 WIRE.  PLOUGH arid1 CRUCIBLE STEElVaVIRE.ROPD iiiall sizesand grades.7  All kinds of loggers'' -tools and  supplies,/Camp:Utensils"jEtc.V    .'.'.'Af.-.X J  Phone 44.  J2S Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  .Phone 1063.  ehterandjoiner  5I6-5J8 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts?  All kinds of work in/this line promptly, attended to. / . 7.'  ��� 7- 1 -���' ..'-./ '..'.'���,'���:.;'--  ^���A.'iX-i:X'i;-yiX^iii'A  $z-?W*VViit:;XX:Xi-  ALATABL5;  OPliLAKHii.  %yiiyxx.yxyyy. ,.  * Thousands   are  usins _g  ���*/���/'..-'. "xxx- '-���s  I .nothing elso/but GIjARI-J  IfIEB ANIiV PASTEUR-: 1  lilZED M|tK &CREi:M:;|  f: It "gives health,*rstrength ^  _/ancl::vigOlV X-J- ixiXx  'Phone vour order to  V/::.:.,;'"/VJ;7*VjV';DRINK,::'THE  Cei|ipn  put up in 1 lb/.Vand ilb.lead packed  For Salebv allvfirst-class trrocersvV V V  tK;.  .:, A t tlii!? last .'.meeting .of V tlie'/Teiim  Drivers Uhioii the .following ; oilieers  were.', .elected : President, .1.' C.V ICerr;  vice-president,' S. .-.Gaivker;?. .'���ecretafy-  treasurer,. D.: Mclv'er?; recording' -secretary ,Vi. Ji.ritlgu; correspondent, /!���'..Top-,  linni; /warden7A.15. Soaper; conductor,/  J. Jfittlo; trustees, Ci B. , Higgiiison,'���' I!  Haywood imd Ji: Uook.v: ; -yy -'���_  international x. Ice;;|  :;and:;Storag^;'/Cp^:l|  * PhoneI 415.'.>  BXXXxa  Gore Avenue.  The ball committee of the Bakers' union have Issued a large number of invitations for their ba Hi which:. will be  held In the O'Brien Hall on -Wednesday, January 21st. The attendance at  this affair promises to tax the capacity  of the hall, as a large number of tickets have already been sold. In addition  to an. excellent (programme-of- dances,  prizes will also be offered for the best  dancers of the waltz and two-step. ��The  proceedings will open with a spectacular  grand march, which will commence at  !l o'clock.  -.-,..* Ait-ier.. settling.. the -vexed' question,  :''W.hy that .which/: is ;cannot;,.be-', and  nevei-/ was," the /philological/; conven-  tioii/Ji as. '������adjourned.;'.//Next.1 yeai* its  meinbers;?wili .take .'up' another.: knotty  problem,' "Vf-hence- it/ls,;'is-",lt?".,'.*;,::< ;..  ;;:V ; 'NOTBCE,:::;:  7  :'?A special meeting of the  Trades -. and^LaUorl Council  "|v/lQC,li^laiTd!:ia  7/: .;*\Ve especially-ca-l-yoiir-'attM  :;and;assprtmetit6fViocksVand latches/'B  Vtrimn,iii'gs,'^,xi��;s!i;-/.fiirii]iiiiig^  ;Hard>vare;'forv'nousev^  '/Weibave a comiAittlineipfjii  ^ ������'-'. goods, andvvyeiwillipiit you next Vtb quality,/price 'aiid/V'.ricliy^ 7V7  *"       , ,;Nothihg adds' moie;/to theVappearahte/;Vand.valheVqfVa"lipuseVV  than /good,.; tasty Vmodern triimmingsi 7*7: i6. /; JyAyXiJiiiiiA'iiXlAi  ��� V:.We hayie'them aiid'-belieye yoii want:tliem'V'V'V-V;.^/'!0yz.XyXl-'y  yyyyij:xX^9iiHas^^  EIGHT HOURS IN, GERMANY.  The printing trades of Germany have  agreed on a uniform wage scale and  working hours| to goyern the whole German empire. Tlie wonking hours:are  fixed at nine per day,'with "intervals,"  but the actual working tinie must not  exceed eight hours a day. All, disputes  musV * be! submitted to an , arbitration  board composed equally of employers  and/employees.77 Either side/has*jthe  right td demand arbltratidni  will be held on Monday, Jan.*  19, 1903, for accredited members only. '. V  .,.;..., ...,'/.F. J. RUSSELL, ;  !Secretary.  Vancouver Jan. 19, ]��0,'I.  In regard to 41 r. Latham's letter in  the city paperH of .lununry 12, lilOH. So  mem lier of the Trades Council linn the  right to use the name of the Trades and  Iftilwr Council ovcr liis signature without the authority of tliu Oouncil. Mr.  Foley's candidature had never been dis-  cusHed up 'to-that time, therefore his  letter was premature ami should never  have been indited.  *'.-��� J.'HiiBsel.  Secretary T and Jj Council.  PacificBbftiing'  Importers and Bottler*  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGKNT8.  v"vThe BeeKWithpiit S Peev.  ���i;0;BrewedVrlght;.here;ln"Vancouver by':men-ot-y^rs ;^::j^a'rs,'ex-'-  . ;Perlence*and in a brewery whose/plant:is;theimostZperfectknbwiiV'  ��.,;;Vthe:<i.rt of brewing, :is. lt any/ wonde/r^that'l't-lias: taken saplace-inV  m ���*  .he hearts of the people which; no other; beer cair'suOTlant?:,7??//.;?:*:^  ���;'^:'^'W:*^:;^  ^:~ :-Xixx,x -iX'^^^yxQue^yxxiy-xixxy  xxyxxyyy^^^^^^i^yiyX''XX'xyy  and; for sale at all first-class Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels^  Patronize the  Blue Label  BRANDS  Burrard Election  TO THE ELECTORS:  Your vote and influence is respectfully  solicited for the return ot Hon. Dr. ?T.  H. Mcinnes as member for Burrard V /In  the House of Commons at. the approach-'  lng by-election; His address? appears in  the:daily newspapersj* 'AXlyX'A:. ijylV";7:?  NEWVWESTMINSTER^  7 Aayerttoe iaTbelodepmaieBti  ., When eybs ' aro, found' : to have .  any ; defect, however,, slight, tnere * K:AJ-  la but, ono;thing to do.. V.Frbvido ' *ii-i'  glossen early.; Havothem examlnedV< ���'?  by our doctor of idpticB,lMrXAi-'"< f;;':-  lan, and get a pair: to 1 '���': fit you ��� ���n;  'proporly.,;AU.woTk'guara��teed.,,::?V;< fiili  \ /^Itt^lBKaslS m  :;:,<*,,-.TIie?Jewekrs'��i(i;/dii��lo.Mi��;-'V       iX'l:  X.i^Xiiyi'*^,^^y'i^;li;i^Hi^'Wi-X  &.9> .���.���<l.l^"*>' 9 '��� ��"����� 0 ���"��'�� ��>' VV  v>v?v:|  m-f  ..,^...-,.yy;:y-yp..


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