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The Independent Jan 3, 1903

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Array I  r Legislative Ltbr-y  Mar. ���,��� ,1  -f-y*.^ ���:-/.*?< ���(".���'"'    '-|-,(  , ���  THE ROYAt? BAPJK  OF CANADA  V  . . OAVXNOS  BANK . .  --�����-%.<aaMm BaaUor BnaiatM         Tnuanotea.       ~  mrWC__B->H��atlng�� Street, W.,  fflfttstmlastar Arena* Vencotrrer.  VOL.  jgE  k    B. d mMASEST,LOM MB  Anthorliod Capital . 110,000,000  v SubKrlbed Capital ��� ���  1^00,000  Aitets Over - ut-.-.- t aoo.ooo-'  Head Offloo, S3 Cambie Street.     .  Vanoonwr, B. C.  VANCOUVER, B. G, SATURDAY, JANUARY 3, 1903.  ,   #0 15.  i  1AILWAY MI'S DEWDS.  ��� For oome months the conductors and  Sralnmen on tho   different   railroads  yrest of the- Mississippi river havo, been  engaged upon the matter of re-adjusting the wage schedule^'A large num*  lier of the dally papers have from time  to time been publishing garbled des-  Ijtatclies regarding the'same.   Till-no  liter than last week a provincial paper  stated that a general strike would take  cdace on January Gth next.   That ls  not ao; and another statement that .the  C, P. R. company will not be asked by  Its conductors and trainmen for   said  Increase can best be answered by stat-  iig the fact that lt, too,   along with  avrery other railroad ln the,.west,fi' has  been served "with-a notice; asking for  a?.80 per cent increase.   The Indcpen-  dent has been aware of these negotiations for', some months,   but., did not  deem lt the proper thing to discuss the  ixuslness of the railroad orders before  something dellnlte was decided   upon.  The following Is an accurate account of  the matter as it stands:  - The changed conditions which have  come up within the past  few    years  Slave led tp (he conviction that higher  wages are fully justified.'   Owing    to  that sentiment'prevailing, efforts have  fceen put fortli.'' hy'fhe Order of Hail  way,. Conductors' and the Brotherhood  of .Railway Trainmen   to  secure  the  desired Increases. Heretofore they have  -failed lo secure a general increase principally,because ot Inability to succcss-  STully answer or'combat the argument  that the railroad ln question was paying as much as IU neighbors and competitors.   To olt-set the excuse given In  this regard au. effort was -succssCully  made to secure the co-oporattlon and  .united action of the entire membership  ion all the. vyestern,.southwestern   and  northwestern  roads.    And  a  General  Chairman's   Association,   representing  suggest the following plan: Let a strip  of land, fifteen or twenty miles -wide,  upon'each Bide of the proposed road,  bo reserved for the'pnrpoae of building  the road, and let the government bor  row the money upon .land bonds redeemable ' by the sale or leasing ��� of  these'.'lands. Let'.the government lay  out all townsltea, selling or leasing town  lots to actual Improvers only, and farm  lands to settlers only; the price' of  lands >belng, of course, graded according to the advantages of location. The  increased value of the lands caused by  the railway would thus contribute to  the building of tho road. Instead, of  swelling the fortunes of speculators.  "The roadbed, once built, may either  be operated iby the government or leased for a term of .years to the Grand  . ���".'.',   - \   i      ���    -     ,  Trunk, or any other rallway'company,  subject to absolute control of rates by'  tho government.  'In tills .way-the road may be built  without adding a dollar to the tax bur^  den of.the people, as the Increase in  value of the lands in the reserved strip  nlone would suffice to build the road,'  and- the returns from the disposal of  the lands would be ample for the redemption of the bonds, both, prlnolpal  and .Interest;. *-.,"    ������  -.>'���, -;  "The advantages of sufch a plan are'  numerous and obvious. There would be  no reservatibn of alternate blocks,  whicli has done so much to Isolate settlers In the older parts of the North-  The Trades and Labor oouncil con*  vencd Thursday night, with President;  Lamrick presiding over <a fair attend-,  apce of delegates. , Secretary Cross was  also in his place.  , "  CREDENTIALS. ���  ���  B. C. Steamshipmen's Society���T. 6.-  Yfrlghtman and C. ���Williams.  Stevedores' Union���C. Thomson, d".  Leer, P. Lumb 'and A. Leah. ' _  .Street Railway Employees���B. Marshall, A. J. Wilson, George Lenfesty,  P. C. O'Brien and Jas. McGuigan.  'Delegates were obligated and took  trie'lr seats. ��� .  ,-. COMMUNICATIONS. ,  J. P. McGuigan, city clerk, wrote  that the document re the Stave Lake  Power Company had been referred to"  the Finance Committee.   Piled.  A. XV. Roebuck, secretary Single Tax  Association of Toronto, wrote enclosing  a copy of a letter sent by that body  to the Dominion government ��� regarding the proposed new transcontinental  railroad.   Laid over till next meeting,  J. Hancox, secretary B. R. Carmen's  union, wrote regarding ��� the Joking up  of shares in the hall.   Filed.  John Acheson, secretary of committee, Toronto, wrote forwarding a  bundle   of calendars   advertising the  union and the national founders' association may properly bo divided.  "That this association, In favoring  the making of a yearly national agreement with tho Iron Moulders' Union  of North America, does so only on con*  dlt,Ion that any such agreement must  embody equitable conditions relating to  apprentices, restrictions of output, set  days work, limitatloin on a man's earn  lng capacity, abolition of 'fines Imposed  on moulders for tho purpose of limiting  an Individual moulder's production, the  right of an employer to operate mould-  ���Ing machines on any other foundry ap  plIaTic'e ln 'accordance with his best  judgment and to maintain equitable  piecework and premium system, the  abolition of a flat minimum wage rate  and the establishment of a differential  wage rate for moulders."  CHRIS. FOLEY WILL RUN.  some}-,.34* WUroads, wus perfected last  Bprlnfe litTcSnsas City, Mo., to devise  iivays and menus of reaching the desired enil,,. Certain dpclarayoils weie  also made regarding Inci eased wages  for conductors, brakemclt, baggagemen  ond.yardmen.. ,Lq$t month .ho ofliceis,  met at Chicago, III.,'for the. purpose  of canvassing tho vote of the member  fillip as to unltdd'action oofng taken  ���which was found to b<^> praetic.Uly  unanlmous In favor of carrying out the  <leclVatlo-$ of the asacfSlatic^i T  lAiAibcrsliU). nls-o pledged '{ts loyal ani  earliest support to thein 'in their effort and in any move which it may  be nccessnry to make in connection  therewith, whicli does not conti-.won-;  tho laws oC their respective organizations.' '' *"  Last week the chairman of the. O.  It. C. .and U. R. T. general committees  for each system tiled with tho proper  officers of tlielr companies a communication notifying tliem of their Intention to ask for increased rate of wages;  that is, (1) a '20 per cent, lucicuse for  nil eonductois, brnkemen and baggagemen over rates In effect on .Tnnuuiy 1.  1902; (2) a itile guaranteeing* double pay  lor miles and Imurs^nindo on fielght  trains of more" than "30 cars, and hauled  by moro than one engine; (;l) day yard  ioroninn to receive ;ll cents nn hour;  might foreman S3 cents nu houi';, day  ihelpers, 2S cents an hour; night helpers, 30, cents nil hour.  Any oilier gilevances, or complaints,  or revision  of schedule will be wlth-  Jield_nntlLnrtci'_the_w:igo_<iiir'Ht|oriJia.')  been disposed of.  fact that the Gurney Foundry Co., To-  west. . The railway Itself will be v.oi th|ront0i  maker3 oC  0xtord  stQves  and  ranges, is unfair   to organized labor.  Filed.  From executive board of Twin City  Trades and Labor council, Guelph,  Out., stating that a strike has been  on ln the factory of the'H. Krug Furniture company since Aug. 23 1902. It  was caused by the refusal of the manager to abolish a most offensive system  of task work that the workers In the  finishing department had suffered un  djjr for years. Bo>-.i and men have  be'on arrested and .lined heavily for  trivial ofrenceS,*'f^iJ-��-je blacklist and  boycott are being used against them  In Its most vicious form!- The company  manufactures a line of chairs, tables  parlor furniture and desks. Tho letter,  was received, and Messrs. Dobbin,' G,  XV. Rowland anjl J. Clark wero appointed a committee to call on the fur  nlturc doaleis in this city nnd apprise  tliem of how unfair this1 linn is to organized labor. ,  ,  '     'OTIIEU^^jlKESS.  The Electrical, Worker-? wrote* sub-  Hjfijljijg (ajj^j'lwlal statement re the  late strike. Filed and a vote of thanks  tendered1, for same.  .  Delegates J. 11. Perkins, S. ,T. Gothard and A. Gothard tendered their resignations as members o�� municipal  committee. Accepted.  ��� On motiton S. J. Gothaul's candidature wor license commissioner was endorsed.  The St.ive Lake lighting proposition  was discussed at length and dropped.  Adjourned.  its cost, and without any Increase iu  the not debt of the country. In less  than twenty years the sale of lands  would pay for the road and leave lt  a clear addition to the assets of the  dominion, while the new outlet for the  Northwest trade will conti Ibute materially to the prosperity of the whole  country, besides Inducing a -great Jn-  crease In the number of'sot'tlers In our  new territories. Tours respectfully,,'.'.,  MILTON KERR, President,  -A'.'WROKBli'CK. Secretary,-:'  '"'" '"The Sln��l6' Tax'Association.  i'i'i ��� i.     ���      * ���, *p ,   ,���    .  'ti-prt UNION' PRINTERS'' HOME.  , A recent despatch from Colorado  Springs, Colo., states tlmt Mrs. Amos  J. Cummlngs, widow of the late New  York congressman and editor, says that  her late husband's llbrarj' will shortly  be given to the union printers' borne'  thero. Mr. Cummlngs was. ono of the  original tiustees of, llu;; home,,'t Ho frequently snld ho would bequeath his  books to, the home. Though his will  failed'to contain Ine pio'vlsSlons, Mrs.  Cummlngs has provided In her own will  for the gift. 'This ils-.tho mnin object  of bor visit here now, The library is  extensive and veiy valuable. -JIrs.  Cummlugv expresses herself as greatly  pleased   ��lth   the  homo.  Mr. Chris. Foley announces  that he will run as an independent labor candidate for  member in the house of com-  mons for Burrard.  TIIID BOILER MAKERS.  Tho local Bollormakeis' Union as  usual bad a ojood meeting List Friday,  "when the following ofllcers we're elected for 130.1: President, Andiow Mo-  Fee; vice-president, T. Slater; recoid-  Ing secretary, Ross Jess; corresponding secretary and trensuicr, J. II, Watson; delegates to the Trades and Labor council, II. E. Campbell, J. IT.  Watson; trustees, J. White, W. Russell, II. Campbell.  THE G. f. R.  At the next meeting of the Vancouver  OYnik'S and Labor council tho question  ot building the Grand .Trunk rnllwny to  tlie coast will come up for consideration. The Toronto Singlo Tax association has sent the following letter to  the members of the Dominion-Cabinet;  "TORONTO, Deccmlicr 20, 1002.  "Sir,���The rapid development of tho  Northwest with Its enormous Increase  In tho production of grain hns made  the construction of a new Pacific railway necessary to relieve tho traffic  congestion and to facilitate the opening up and settling of that part of the  Dominion.  "In response to this need the Grand  Trunk railway ls proposing to build a  line and 13 asking for government aid  tn the shape of money, or lands.  "We most cmphatloally protest  against granting any further aid to  private corporations for any such purpose, and urge the government to construct the road aa a national work.  "In order to do eo wlUiout unduly  Itordening the country, we respectfully  JESUS CHRIST AND OUR SOCIAL  PROBLEMS.  Rev. R. G. MacBeth will begin on  Sunday evening next In the First Presbyterian Church a couise of sermons  on Jesus Chilst nnd our Social Prob-  I eTiisT T he-con i se wi 11��� "con11 ntie-f o r  somo weeks and will open up an Interesting field to students of present  day questions. As Mr. MncUoth has  given much thought to these matters  and hns discussed them with many  publio men In different parts, the  course will be followed as worthy of  study liy everyone. All seats nre freo  and the public will be cordially welcome.  THE IRON MOULDERS.  The Iron Moulders union has been  granted a nine-hour day with a minimum wage of .J.50, all the employois  agieelng to the new schedule. It wont  Into effect yesterdnj-. We congratulate  the employers and employees upon  their fairness to each other and the  Molfare they tako in each otheis interests.   Work Is good in the Iron trade nt  present and thc union is in  healths' condition.  a   very  THE HAKERS' HALL.  Invitations nre out for thc second  annual ball and supper, to bo given by  tho Journeymen Bakers' and Confectioners' union, No, 4C, ln the O'Brien  hall, on Wednesday evening, January  21, 1903. The function prom'ses to be  one of the big events of thc season.  The energetic committee now at work  making the arrangements comprise: J.  Ingles (chairman), 8. Walker (secretary), F. Bartle (treasurer), J. Green.  R. Anderson, C. J. Salter, G. Brown, D.  McRae, T. Baxter, W. Woods. W. J.  Findlay will be master-of-ceremonies,  ably assisted by D. Martin.  Hon. Dr. Mcinnes is In the field to  stay. Electors, remember that fact.  And he must .be reckoned with, oa? -Ms  tSBSOtttmk   '  A very unusual but commendable  courso has been taken by thc National  Iron-founders' Association of thc Unit  ed States, which also has Cnnndlan nf-  Dilations, in respect of advising that  the association yearly make a national  agreement with tho iron-moulders'  union covering such conditions of employment as are between the two  bodies. This step is a truly valuable one.  Thc Iron-moulders on their part havo  not been backward cither. A Joint resolution of the two bodies ln conference was in part as follows:  "That It is tho opinion of this Joint  conference, representing tho Iron  Moulders' Union of North America and  the National Founders' association,  that the time has arrived when ln its  Judgment the purposes of the two  bodies will be prompted by the formula-  don of a general form of agreement,  national in Its character, for, each class  of foundries of the class covered by this  agreement, and -be subject to such  modification in detail as may be necessary to meet the ends and conditions  prevailing in the districts into which  tbe membership ot <he iron moulders*  BOYS AS OPERATORS.  The open verdict in the Grand Trunk  railway disaster which took plnce at  Wnnstcnd on thc 26th. inst., snys that  the collision wus caused by wrong orders  being given to the engineer ami that tho  accident���20 killed and several wounded  ���could have been averted by the operator at Wyoming or Kings junction had  the company more experienced operators  nt these points���one being but a boy of  IC. Next to that of the engineer the  position of the operator is the 'most  responsible on the railroad. * It* is  nothing short of criminal neglect to  have mere hula who sliould'be'At scliool  fill such responsible posts.   ���������   UJr-:���  POSTA I, -V. MPJ.0 YKES.  At the next regular meeting of I'nion,  JTo 1'2, on January 7th, tho new oilieers  will take their respective positions as  follows: President, .r. Chirk; i yice;  president, J. Slarshallsay; eccrutary-  trousurcr, T. II. Cross; director ol  ceremonies, Wm P. Ashnorth ; wanlun,  H. -M. liurns; auditors, II. X. Thompson, .T. J'hyMck; delegates to Trades ami  Labor Council, T. II. .Cro^, , W. II.  Wilson; members of tl|o executive  commit tee with president,'vice-ilrc^ident  and secretary-treasurer, 'jr. K.''1ioltoh'|  JVC. Killbank.      '  STKEKT K.ULWAY EMPLOYEES.  , At the last regular meet ing of Pioneer  division, >"q. 101, of Vancouver, tin-  following oilieers wero duly elected for  ensuinc term: President, James 31c-  Guigan; vice-president, A. (i. Elliot,  secietary, M. A Hunch ; tieasurer, \V. A.  Vuiulerwarker; conductor, II. Howes;  warden, G, Martin; sentinel, D. Smith;  delegates lo Trades and Labor Council,  B. .Marshall, A. ,1. Wilson, Geo. Lenfesty, T. C. O'Brien, James JIcGuigau.  .    LONGSHOREMEN'S OFFICERS.  Following are the oillcers of the  Stevedores', union. No. 1: President, F.  Johnson; vice-president, C. Leer;  treasurer, J. Powell; financial secietary, T. Wnlpole; recording secretaiy,  G. Noonnn; delegate, C. II. Thomson.  -The���'longshoremen,���through���theli-  troublo with the McDermott company,  arc glad to state to their sympathizers  that they are rapidly gaining ln membership.  CASCADE BEER.  This week The Independent staff was  presented with a case ot Cascade beer,  for which wo return our thanks. The  goodB aro exactly as represented ln the  advertisement of tho Vnncouvcr Breweries, namely, It Is a "beer without a  peer."  municipal mnm.  MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS TAKE  PLACE NEXT THURSDAY.      .  Nobody can challenge the fact that  the working people have been most  modest In selecting a ticket of their  own for the forthcoming municipal  elections. A large number of business  men and others outside organized labor recognize the fairness of labor ln  this respect and have pledged their  united support in. the, election ot the  labor candidates. We would further  respectfully ask the support and influence of all voters in electing tha  following at next Thursday's elections.  Aldermen.  Ward  II.���J.   SIMESON.  WARD IV.���J. CROW and R. MACPHERSON.  Ward V.���ALD. WOOD and J. MORTON.  Trustees.  WM. GEORGE, R. MITCHELL, and  CHAS.  TOSSELLE.  License Commissioners.  S.  J. GOTHARD.  J. Crow, who Is aldermanlc candidate ln ward IV., is a clgarmaker hy  trade and an ex-president of the  Trades and Labor council. He has been  a constant resident of Vancouver since  before the great cflre ln 1SS6, and an  employee of the Kurtz cigar factory.  Mr. Crow has a thorough knowledge of  municipal affairs of this city, having  been au active worker ln every municipal campaign held in Vancouver.  "Jack" deserves to bo elected.  Everybody knows Robert Macpherson, ex-M. P. P. He has had wide experience 'in legislative work and is especially well qualified for the position  of alderman for ward IV., for which  he is a candidate. Mr. 'Macpherson has  dAWboth good work for the city and  laboi" in particular. And it goes without saying that "Bob" i will be-elected  If the workingmen will do their duty,  of which fact we have no doubt they  will.  Aid. Woods has been a faithful fiiend  to labor during his term of office, His  record in this regard Is so well known  that it Is needless to saj/ that he will  again be returned as alderman foi  ward V.  J. Simpson, the well-known shoemaker, Is again a candidate for alder-  inanlc lionois In waul IT. r>o>s put him  In at the head oi.' tho polls, Mr. Slniesbn  nas   been  a  icsident  of  this  city  for  i, ���   > |, , ,     .,  the past 10 years and a haul wot king-  man".   Elect lilm.  John .Morton, carpenter, is out foi  uldcimnn In ward V. He has had wide  experience In Australia and New Zealand public affairs, has been a worker  In the Tiades council and Is (heirtoiu  broadminded In his views. He will be  a valuable acquisition to the city council.   Give him a vote.  Wm. George, R. Mitchell and Mi  Tosselle aie all old-timers and well-  known lu this city. The votes and inlluence of the electors are solicited for  'thelr election as school tiustees.  ' g. J. Gothard, printer, has been an  Indefatigable woiker In the Tiades  counoil, as well as being secretary of  his union. And tn recognition of these  qualities received the endoisation as  license commissioner of the Tiades  council at Thursday night's meeting.  He Is a young man, energetic and persevering In anything he undei takes to  do-and-��houId be-elected; ~  THE VOTE AND INFLUENCE OF  THE ELECTORS OF WARD II. ARE  RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED FOR  THE RETURN ,OF J. B. CAMPBELL  AS ALDERMAN FOR a903. Mr. Campbell Is an old railroad man and progressive ln his views, and therefore deserving of the Bupport of all working-  men.  RE-ELECT ALD. BETHUNE FOR  WARD ONE. His actions speak louder than words, when he did such good  work ln bringing about a settlement in  Che telephone strike.  Vote for the re-election of  Aid." Wood for Ward V.  TO RAILROAD MEN.  Mr. W. It. Hume, ox-fireman on llie  C. P. R��� Kamloops, Is now representative of the International Correspondence Schools, of Scranton, Penn, Ills  territory extends west of Port Arthur  In Canada, nnd he Is paying special attention to the matter of running locomotives, operating tho nlr brake, ami  railway mechanics lu general, He .'iUo  will represent The Independent during  his travels. AVe bespeak for Mr. Hume  tho hearty support of all far-seeing nnd  enterprising railroad men.  THE MULOCK BILL.   ..  The following petition has.been sent-  to Hon. <Mr. Mulock at Ottawa, regarding the proposed Arlbtratlon Act, Wo  would recommend that our readers go  through lt carefully:  To the Honorable the .Minister of Labor,  Ottawa:  Sir,���We, thc undersigned, members  of A. E. Elliott lodge, No. S19, Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, of .Kamloops, B. C., hereby earnestly protest  against the enactment by the parlla- *  ment of Canada of the bill entitled,  The Railway Arbitration Act, upon tho  following grounds:  (1) To make arbitration compulsory  under the provisions of the bill will  have the opposite effect Intended; we  believe the essence of arbitration to bo  the complete freedom of both parties  ln consenting to the submission; to  make the proposed board a board of  conciliation, the reference must not ha  compulsory, and we refer you to the arbitration at present proceeding between  the owners and employees of the anthracite coal mines as an example of freedom in submitting arbitration.  (2) We strongly object to the constl*  tutlon of the proposed board; a railway;  coiporation is the creation of the gov-,  ernment; as a public carrier It seems  to us that Its interests 'would be sufficiently protected lf-the'arbitrator on its  behalf were appointed by the govern-,  ment, the umpire to be a permanent appointee as in the ease of Judges; we also beg to point out that associations  such as our brotherhood aie purely voluntary and never include the whole of  the employees on any road, so that the  selection of an arbitrator to repiesent  all the employees would be ex-tiemely  diilicult.  (J) It is not desirable that the signature of the. chairman'should be necessary to the validity of the award.  (4) The piovlslon In section 26, as t6  the employment of counsel arc object  tionable; It*ls'*'A"certainty that:tho appointee "of"the" coiiipany'would' lie sti  thoioughly conversant with his duties  and quite able to dispense with the assistance of counsel, whereas tho appointee of the employees wquld be"without the skill or training that would enable him to see that the evidence was  properly brought out, and the case for,  the employees fully laid beforo tho  board. ���   -  (3) \\\* sti'ongly object to the arbltiary  poweis given to the boaid as to dismissing mutters which it may consider-'  tilvolcir.s, us to amending and alteiine  the award, and especially as to'deter-  mininq; what shall constitute a breach  of the award, which we say is giving the  boaid practically legislative powers.  (0) We object to the powers given to  thn mlnKter ot labor as to making alterations lu the act.  (7) We pioteal against the penal  clause In section seven, and say as much  lo section six, that it is impossible to  conceive of a railway coi poi atlon being "Incited" by any person to declare  a lock-out in such u way as to make  that pe:��on liable, or.-to make it possible to secure a conviction. Wo fear  the presence of sectifuii six in the bill  w ill be regarded as a pretext for the Insertion of section seven, which last section may be construed m) us to make  criminal a moie consultation between  fellow employees as to au increase In  wages, ;,  (5) The bill will In eltVct establish a  no^v-Canadian"  OPPOSED TO THE GOVERNMENT.  Mr. Foley says that the matter of  his candidature as an independent la'bor member for Burrard must receive  the most serious consideration. There  was no denying the fact that there was  a split in the local liberal party, and  that while a large number of the dissenters would support them, yet there  was many who would return to the  fold. So far as supporting the liberal  party was concerned, he would oppose  it until it fulfilled Its ppledges on the  Mongolian question, and enforce thc  alien labor law.  criminal court, from  which there Is to be no appeal, for tho  trial of certain specified offences (cre-  nted by statute), of l.illwny employees;  wo claim section six creating offences  by rnllwny employees, need not be considered at nil: we claim that section  seventy-tin ee brings part of the mach-  Ineiy of the Cnnndlan criminal code to  the aid of railway companies, in not  only punishing un actual strike on  their linen, but also In suppressing any  legitimate movement on the part of tho  employees with a view to concerted nctlon on their part In bringing grievances  or complaint* to thc notice of thc company; we sny thnt notwithstanding tho  saving clause In section seventy-three It  will be possible under the bill for a  company to harass Individual employees In such a way as to make united  action by them Impossible.  FOR AN EIGHT-HOUR DAT.  The carpenters of this city havo  served notices on "the'different contractors that on and Wflter April lst next  the eight-hour day will he the rula^  with Saturday half-holiday, and.douMs  time for work done on holidays. A.regi  ular pay day and the abolition -of-tha  piece-work system 'will also be enforo*  .#  K',  1  ed.  0.1  -I  x{ 13  6 ST  f HE INDEPENDENT.  oi>y  SATURDAY JANttAttY 3, lSOJ  THE INDEPENDENT.  WnHJ^Et^wta_aa_ir'iN the in-  THRHBmj OP THE MASSBB  *HE INDE>PE��n��_NT PIUNTINO COMPANY.  BA8__Mfcwr^ 'OF     FLACK     BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET. VANCOUVER, B. C.  8UD8CVUPTIONB IN  ADVANCE.  A week. 5 cpiiIh; month, 15 oenU; throe  BttOnthK, JS cents; six months, S6 cents,  one jeer, H.36.  ~*��j.-   VKOORfiED BT THE TRADES AMD  LABOR COUNCIL, THK VANCOUVER LABOR PAIITV AND TUB  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL  The Independent con always be had  9k Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY JANUARY J, l'Ml  Make   a   New    Yen's  boom The _ndt pendent.  i(solution lo  Moi ton had travelled the world considerably and that he held progressive  ideas, the league consented to give him  support, at the same time, as a precaution against him, supporting Aid. Wm.  Blown, that old municipal watch dog,  who has opposed anvthlng and everything "tainted w ith unionism."  Piobably the most cold-blooded piece  of pulltkiil rascality ever can led out ln  this piovinie wus the action of t,lto government In the Kust Yale election proclamation. The wilt hus been Issued and  everything wus lu prcpunitlon, when  Denis Muiphy leallsvd whut a low-down  set he had become itHsoclated with, and  ictlKiu.il. The government wus at sea  loi ii c.imlldulc and the writ wus lost,  lu ii si ir-U'speellng piovlnce the gov-  *.*inment would Immediately cull for the  H'sign.itlon of such political ud\entur<  eis.  CURRENT OPiNION-AJl SORTS.  Somebody Stole Qnrfc  * . -i  The Paystreak    towel dropped   and  broke ln.ithe moving.    It was washed  In September.���Sandon Paystreak.  Willing to Sacrifice .  When election time comes around it is  a marvel how many othciwlsc modest  Individuals ure willing to ��� sucrlllcc  themselves tor the public good.���Oiand  Folks  News-Guzotte.  4)4y.a"e.4)4)'*.a 99'* '* ^���������'���'���O'*' '��'0+  Tin- Floilda Laboi Journul, published  .it Jacksonville    in    the    Interests    of  unioiiKin  and abl>    edited    on    these  ,1ms,   has  been  "excommunicated," ho  "Lhe and Let Lite" be jour motto I i0  speak,   bj   the    socialists    of   lhat  Don't put the pool   uoiklngm.ui down, j pi.ice.     Editor   lluipei-    should     keep  in   lils  good  The libci.il politicians all say uou  that the Grand Trunk P.iclhc will not  Set a lund gi ant The> know, ovei the  left.  They    call    Scotland    thc  Cakes.     Hntish    Columbia  called   thc Land o' Ci.inks-  speaking.  Lf'ind o  should bi  -politically  Chris: Foley is now under the ban  of 'the socialists, according to the paity  organ in this elty Chi Is will go on in  his good woik just the suiue foi unionism und cleun, piucticul laboi  politics  Oui statesmen aie uccustomed to dilate on the ilch und abundant lesouices  ot Canada, and tuin uiound and s.i>  that iailwa>s cannot be built without  being bonused.   Tiul>, this is n paiadox  light on Just the same  w oi k, und net er be a bit surprised any  old time on being "uiised" oi "blessed"  bj the soiialists. Its their peculiar orthodox w ai The pi Inciples of social-  Ism aie all light, but a \eiy laige  niimbei ot Ihe socialists (so-called)  need /King,  The new delegates und olhceis ot the  Trades and Laboi council will do veil  as a Htaitei if they take up the question  ot the union h.ill and lift the mortgage.  This can be done by a little eneigetie  work  The VnncouMM Ledgti bus appealed  as a foui-page eight-column duilj paper Di. Reynolds is editoi and has  an able staff ol assistants buccess to  the new ventuie. lt will pay spec al  attention to mining matteis in C.ui-  boo und elsewhere in the piovincc.  Cainogie offeis SCi.OOU to build a Liverpool blanch libiarv. Sir Wilfrid  might dicker with the llbr.uy king le-  gardlng the spieud of Intoi illation about  Canada in thc old sod An English coi-  respondent wants to know if the Cltj  of Bunnid' does moie shipping than  the  "Cltj   of Esquimau.'  The daily papeis asseit that Attoinev-  Generil Eberts has in his possession  evidence that two men fiaudulentlj'  voted foi Patteison In Noith Victoila.  Ye gods, this must have been a shock to  Bbeits to find thut theie .ue men in  this woild so depiaved' The government of which he Is u inenibei wouldn't  do anything like that itself. Oh, no,  not if anybody was looking.  Theie is piobably no city In the Dominion wheie single tax would be more  ellicucious than In Vancouvei. Here is  a town of .10,000 inhabitants scatteied  ovei an aiea capable of giving a CO-foot  lot to eveiy family foi a city five times  as populous But the land shaiks won't  let go Ou the othei hnnd if a man de-  slies to invest his monej in a business  place oi hoine we will tax him right up  to the hilt And >et we ciyout for  moie Industiles Just apply thc single  t.is. pi inciple and jou will see how  quickly the land vvill be on the market  .it a  le.isonuble pi Ice.  It has been conseivatively estimated  that the C P R has received $130,000,-  000 In donations and grunts. But In all  probability theii value would amount to  KJ0�� 000,000 The last hnancial estimate  sajs that the cost of its lines i.s ...30,-  000,000, but, us In the case of other pii-  vately owned lailwnjs, this estimate is  somew hut ex.iggeiated, and it would not  be o\ pi-stating facts that the whole  coniein could be duplicated for much  less than $1,"i0,00O,0O0 So the people of  Canada made a piesent to the C P. R  or Its lailwuj. Canada Is the only  country that vve know of that bonuses  i ail! o ids  ;  .Theie can't be much of il laboi question to contend with in Foimosa, wnerc  the Inhabitants aie classified as follows. Government officers, 1,066; business men, 2,439, tiaders, 1,9119, men ot  Industiy, 1,390, laborers, 379, teacneis,  199, singing girls and waitresses, 21,*>,  medical men, 113, lawjeis, 63; lellglous  persons, 56, farmeis, IS, mldwives, 10,  nobodies, 298; making a total of 10,8'>2  As a usual thing tbe avei ige unionist  can give the labor editor cards and  spades and one on the tnimp, let him  turn Jack, and then beat him out���us  to the best method of editing a laboi  papei���consequently he  don't have  to  _read_his_labor paper. He_piefeis Jo  take Ihe "cheap dally at live times tho  price," and boycott the lahor puper fot  printing the ad. of nn unfair man who  has come to it�� lescue.���r.\.  /The Electoral league, befoie endois-  ing John 'Moi Ion loi uldeiman ln No. !>  ward, wnnted to know If It was liue  that he was a icnl live anarchist or socialist.    On  being ussuied    thut    Mi.  in the east and west ends of the city  time nie :i huge number of lots held  bv men living In the old countiy and  the enstei n state". If one ti ies to buy  one of these pieces of land through their  agents the pi Ice is prohibitive If the  nudes unions vvouid just concentiate  their whole eltoit on getting a body of  men into the council Imbued wilh the  idea of taxing land values they would  put a stop to this kind of>legalised ex-  toition, and the icsult would be of real  benefit to the city. Single tax is neither  the beginning nor thc end > of reform  legislation, but it ls a tiemendous step  in the right diiection.  A Moinl Vlctoiy,  The socialists of Nanalmo claim a  moi nl vlctoiy. Wandering Willie Mcinnes will undoubtedly grunt them that  so long as he holdH the seat. As a geneial principle the socialists are all right  theoretically, but vvhen It comes right  down to a case of hard practical poll-  tics they usually full to deliver the  vote.���I'lijstroak.  v,<f : li   'M     (,K \ *<> **'   ''I ��*��"(  COST OF MINERS' STRIKE,  To the operators. 20,000,000 tons coal  unsold, at $1.22, $81,720,000; maintaining .md arming 5,000 deputies, $3,000,-  000; damage to collieries by reason of  idleness, $2,000,000,.  .Loss to railroads: Freight receipts, $26,-  000,000, ; ' ' '  Cost to Stite- For maintaining troops  in field, at $50,000 per day, $1,500,000.  1 Loss to miners: Wages, averaged at$l  per day, $17,400,000.  Loss to merchants: Inthe anthracite  region (estimated), $12,000,000,  This makes thc total loss, $(13,620,000,  One hundred and Fifty  !! kadi?!.' (Qashra^iie, Flan!- ^  nel.AlbatrossAndFrench J",  l^lanuel .JJJ^iises  to.be-:  offered Saturday regard- *. J  jtass, .of,, (<jp'pt.,, _ Tlhcise;  ',! Blouses are all iine.goods,  good fitting, nicqly trim-  J [ med,   plain   and   fancy ���  W$#-   .ti.  Ui'l'  Special Price   > -  Saturday $2.5*) i:      <���    "   ",       is -��� -> ���-..- <- - -  Am the cold weather is now here you wm feel' the need of heavier under*,  wear. ,  .     U * ��� v u ���   . ��������-, ,  ��e nave a full stock of medium and  heavy height' undeifweAr, all wool,'  at prices ranging at-$1.50, SJ.00, $2,60 a nd W.00 per suit;'also ��� all the   finerr  matt**, such aa Dr. Jaeger's. Cnrtwf.ght'&' War'iW'a," Wolsey, ftc. ," ,  Knlt-to-Fit Combination  wmm,  We are also agents for the celebrated JCnit-to-FIt Combination   Suits  la  silk and wool.      *  '  ���       _ ' ,,  Mall order*jr^y^,prompt  attention, -t.-   r-.(,  Tblbphonb 702. - -- -- ������     309 to 315,Hastinbs St. W.  (V   1 4w 11 s,\,  f, Uli C* ll  -     4i vi   v.,H^  i   I  i>  '     '  1.    *  jv   - ;>���%$-  AGITATE FOR THB EIGHT-HOUR  DAY.  Because of the present long hour day  many are unemployed, and thc man on  the street fixes thc wages paid to the  man at work. I  lUabor saving    machine) y ha-?   pro  duced the pioduclng capacity of work  men,'who In justice should be afforded  leisure. i  It would give greater opportunity for  social and educational development.  It vvouid raise the standaid of living,  upon   whicli  piocpcrity depends.        ���  It would help the tuxp.ijer by putting the tiamp to woik.  It would piomotc un independent  splnt, which is lacking In overworked  people.  It would build up tiades union;,, and  concentrated etfpitiis the law ot success In the militant woiw of industiy.  It would open up the load to every  desliable social leform. r  It would give men a chance to get  acquainted with their families. '(J  It would promote temperance by.re-*  moving the desire for stimulants, which  come from long hours of labor. '  It would make better citizens by  giving the citizens more time to undei stand  their duties.  t  lU6    I   J*l',(/f'J     _   . .     ...  '       I       ������  . ���    ���!  170; Cordova (  St.,   Vancouver.  We reach wherever the mails  reaxsb, ,    ,���,   v,  ,(    .   . ,,  $9... +0��if+0��� ��� 99 ' *99* �����>  9y^^^9X9W.9X9X9X9^9^9^  \ I _   y*   "���'-"'*���        -}-M'im Yi      Hii U.r��i:l3 l       *  WHAT'S TllE USE  ��� �����.   lw"l.  p  ALATABLE  OPIJlAft  The Piovince, editorially commenting  upon the inconsistencies of the decisions  of the pi Ivy council In the two separate  cases wherein the legislature of this  piovlnce cuitails the privileges of the  Chinese and Japanese, concludes as follows "Peihaps, after all, it might be  just as well if we in Canada were to  get ourselves in the way of expounding  our conftltutlon for ourselves, i The  Judges ot Canada ptobably1 understand  the spirit ot Canadian Institutions quite  as-vvcll as the Judges of England, and  they hnve the advantage, which thc  Knglish Judges no not posHCSB, of a  thmough knowledge of local conditions  uul local sentiment, and of being In  sympathy with the people affected by  the laws they aie iciiulied to intoipret."  To nil or which vve heiutlly say amen  We lire competent to make our laws In  the Dominion, nnd wc should he competent to Intel pi et them.  9  it  <i  it  <>  <���  it  �����������������<��������<>��>�������� ���������������������������������������������  " < I  o  o  o  o  o  il  <>  i>  it  o  it  if  ...Sterling Silver..  SHOW HORNS, SHOI3 HOOKS.   NAII> J'lLIS,     MAIL    UIIUSHKS,  'TOOTH 13IWSHJ3S, CURLING  TONOS,    DAKN13KS,    HLOTTEltS.  Your Choice for ,25c.  They came in too late for tlie Christmas trade for which ihey  were bought, und as vve have lots of them we will sell them at the  above price _  They aie really 50c goods. ,  . the  Jeweler and , Diamond. Merchant  -i COB. GRANVILLE AND HASTINGS STREETS.  -.Official Watch Inapector of the C. P. K.    ,     . ,.s  ,. ���     ��� ,���,r,0  ,,���  ��_�����������������������'��������<��������������� ����������������������'���������������������  ii, DIDN'T FOLIX)W COPY.  , One of the happiest efforts of the erring printer which we have come across  for some lime wns that which figured in  an Edinburgh contemporary's report of  the recent Sir Walter Scott Club dinner.  Proposing the toast of Literature, ono of  the speakers wound up thus: "There  were Captain Kettles in real life, and  distinguished Generals,-it vvas said, had  gone jaunts upon junks and written  about them, and had been kissed by the  Muses." In the report in question the  last i word ��� wus rendered "nurses."  ���Public Opinion.  Thousands are using ��|  nothing else but C.LARI- |  FIED AND PASTEUR-  | IZED MILK &CREAM.  9,   '     ' '���'    "  '  J It gives health^strength  and vigor.  i      i ���    < .       * i .  'Phone your order to  j ^   at hurrying aliout buying Life Insurance so'many men think and say. At  > least t*o Htrong rauionu are,do od health ts uncertain;   increased coat  is  certain.  What's the use of'waiting'might; better be ��Udt  UNION MDTUAL   POLICIES ��� ���       . ���, ^ _  mny Ikj deiwpded upon to protect throughout, tha varying experiences ol  hurpan lilo, to faHhlully gunrd tKp, (nterea'to of ithe ianured, and" to'be  promiitly caBliod when thoy becomo pivyabld." 'Values and privileges abound  and   are   conveniently' available'.  Detailed facts gladly furnished.  Altar th'roo yca're the iWon Mutual Policies do no(. tweome void by fnUqiw  to pay iinemlums. the Mftln Nori-ForfeitUfO ( Law without action of the  folicy-holdcr, <$ntinuli|g the lnm* riv-ioo for a SpociQwl length of time.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE, , ,,   , ��� (; Incobpobated' 1848.  I,-    .      ,  <   ���* Call or.write fot patticnlara'awl pian's  Head Office > 4-19'Ha8tingft'S.t.)_^.V4y^^uverv B.C.  J. E. EVAtfS, Provincial Manager.  ��� ���*>����������� ������*>*����>�������>����������������������� ���������������������^���� .  v.fry^,  m c > |H*M'  Commercia  CORNER HASTINGS AND  CAMBIE  ,  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  New, modern and strictly first-class;  good samplo rooms; froo 'bus. Week  days���Breakfast 7 to 10 a. in., lunch  12 m. to 2 p. m., dinner, 6 to 8 p. m.  Sundays���Breakfast 7 30 to 10 80 a.  m., lanch 12 30 to 2 p. oi., dinner, 5 301  to 7 30 p. m. Rat��s $2 and upwards  per day. HAYWOOD & PIIESCOTT,  Proprietors.  ^eetjng*  F. O. ��l���yA>fOOCVpi.,ABHIB, ft?..*  ���m^��tB, W��vdnesday pyenlne*; ,t*ieitlng  brethren yrefioome., B^rt,^Parsoqs, X>f.  P.; J. O.' Ure. W.' 8., :Arcade.  Tbe  Blouse  | Snteroational ,ice  ��> and Storage Co.  * Phone 415. Core Avenue.  PHONE I220A.  *) If.  Regarding the public ownership of  railways the Toronto Telegram speaking  oftheC.-N. R. line to the lake, sajs  that "the west never gave the word to  march." The west cannot Jdo so  through thc party props for thnt  consists of thc mouthpieces of eastern exploiters Nor can it do i-o  through a legislature, whicli though  elected on a goverment ownership  pledges, is controlled by party machines  that arc controlled by politicians in the  service of railway promoters All the  more rcanon why othor public bodies  should speak out.���Winnipeg Tribune.  JOE DIXON,  rand Joiner  ,.,,516-518,,Seyniour.St...,,  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  1 i,.   '  , AH kinds of work in this line promptly attended to.  310-312 ABBOTT, STREET, VANCOUVER', B. C.  Restaurant' and, Bar. 1'rcakf.ist 6 to  10, merchants' lunch 11 to 2, 25c, dinner 5 to 8,J25c.; lunches'put up: eastern and Olympian oysterb; short orders a specialty .: at all hours;  meal tickets $4; best 25c, meal in the  city.     D. BURTON, Proprietor.  The  I        In,'..,    l-  THE8E IS  t\,       ���>      0 I  o\ Fffi? fit Iojurv _  Health when you iisr  t&i  ' U. . Iilj\ ^  ;���> r<  Don't forget to call  for Home-Cured....  Kippered Herring', Etc.,  Put up by  JAS. BROWN & CO.,  Phoxe 300. VANCOUVER, B.C.  Not more mil wuy companies, but  better railway facilities ami loner rates  nro what the west wants.���Winnipeg  Tribune.  lloiintJCH are tho most vicious and un*  natural expedient known U> competi'  tion.���I'ulilic Opinion.  When you want to hire a flnt-olui  hone and buggy,' go' to Us Palaoe  Hvery (tablet.  Telephons Its.  Mr. OcorKo Cowling, president ot the  Viincouver Bloctilcal Workeis' Union,  Rpent New Year's at Victoria.  D. W. Steventi, ot Kamloops, was a  visitor this wiek to The Independent.  He says the P.'P. P.'s are all right in  his district, and Is surprised at Vancouvei, as he may well ho.  The candidature of Mr. Griffiths as a  socialist nominee for member ol the  ^ouso of commons for Burrard eis  spoken of.   ' ... ,  319 SEYMOUR S+HEET,  VANCOUVER.  Having the only up-to-date grill room  in British Columbia, which in itself, ls a  guarantee of a first-class hotel and restaurant. Business Ken's LUNCH, from  12 m. to 2.30 p. m., only 25 cents.  ���rXi |*).i 9 I. ),. IHI.'I  CORNER CORDOVA AND CARRALL  STREETS, VANCOUVER.  ' i , i  Makes a specialty of Sonar's special  liqueur, also Usher's black label liqueur  whiskey. Largo stock of Imported and  domestic cigars. Finest billiard and  pool tables. >' ' R. B. MULLIGAN &  CO., Proprietors.   ,   ,. i  Pacific Bottling  Work*  Importers and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  POLE A.GKNT*..  C. Ellis, corner Cambie and Cordova  stieets, is the place" \ill\ere'' you" jret  your hair cut'in an artistic-fflanntr.  SNIDER'S SHOE STORE  633 . GRANVHjLE I STREET,  ���     ' Curries a tutl line'of '���>.'���.  ELECISJSC  Pi.   ia ..:   i,i^���u  LIfiHT  i l '���      ! '' '. '        } ���*  The ttwice is-now  $udi that almcKt ,fey-  . eryfcody. caq affpri.it.  Once used, always  ��seU, Aj>^y at Of- ,  fice of  Gm*. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  BCL8CIOUS WINE  UADB ElCllWIVltLY FBOH fi. C. FHUIT.  FBE8H CUT FIX)WERS   UNION-HADE  ,   '    DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip around tho  rk call on  11" a  Parle  M t-|l.  x UNION LABEL SHOES.  The   Union, .Label   ffuamntees   fair  wages and good workmanship.  No scab labor.  U   ih  \t\MWMM  Prom Their naaalmo.boutbflelil and  (    .Protection tilanjj loUlorloa,  Of tho Following Gradoa:  Double Boruaed Lump,*  i  Run of tbe Mine.      i  Washed Nut and*  f -  > ecr*enlaii*  '     pAMCKIf.M, SQB^S^Bu^rhftendent,''  1     I^ANS COLEMAN A EVANS,' Agents  Vancouver City, B. O. '  -W.-��. 4oMfr*f33L%*2*.  tii'.'ft l:<t Miifj tl   i,fof')\ u,  tt*fow  XxXP'm^lM <C:;  and  , 'j.f   iM'  LiNC  Mri^   Scenic.  LOWf ST, RATES.  BEST SERVICE  Transcontinental Pamcnscr Train  leaves dully at 14 o'clock.    .  Seattle and Whatcom Express leaves  dully at 8 CO o'clock.  STEAJlSllll'S  EMPRESS OP  KMIMtUKS OP  TARTAR, .. . ..  TO   JAPAN   AND  CHINA.  CHINA      .     .    DUO    1  1N1JIA  .    .        l)i;c. 20   ian. ia  TO HONOLULU,  PHI   ISLANDS  AND  AUSTRALIA  S.S.     A'ORANQI iiuc  12'  S.S.  SlOANA   _ ........   . JAN'   ��  MIOWERE  ..  _ Pr;ij.   s __  And every lour -weeks thereafter/ '    '  For full" particulars as to time, rates;  etc.iaprplyito sui'    \. i I ���  A. S. P.'Ai*       l     Ticket Acent.!'  Van��Hiv��r, B, O,    428.Hastings ��tr  Vancouver, B.C. i ��� r    lir-Tiir. I'i  f$err   copy  sAimtiDKr,v^��^xmj^i:jrim  '��� im,* ���  I' ju.I f "��ji  V'  if1  .} f.*, /f.y.c^.s^'*'*- n *-*?..-^-t*f   ' +   l * j-���u,? ** -v  -** ���".�� ^^.Tr,**.-*-'^1 * *I1,/- *-  r. o. Bra: ye.  "ffBQm 17f.  I,,1.*'"����� ���   ���   -���:.���:-Wholwaw.AofctrefrStob'-'>"-���.    ','   . ��-������  TUCKfcT CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS |  MONOGRAM, -MARGUEMXA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPEOIAD,^   '^ - Bli JU8TILLO,  EL CONDOR,.   ,,, SABANTIgADQB,    ,     SOUIUWR, .  UNION MAJDE CIGARETTES: KABHAK AND VICTORIA CROSSJ  aot, i* --v; - , -r*j ������-  OS*  ��������  GO TO  R. MILLS* The Shoe  RECIPE FOR A' GOOD UNION.  Vim.  GrJt.  ,  , Push.  Snap.  Energy.  Morality.       ,  Cordiality.  Talk about It.  Write about lt.  Speak about' it.  Subscribe for its papers.  Aid all labor' organizations,.  "Make the atmosphere healthy.  ' Faith exhibited  by good works.  ' Fire all loafers and scandal-mongeis.  .iLet your object be the welfare, giowth  .and ever-Increasing   influence  ,of tha  union.   Speak well of its members, and  ���/en'comage all to put forth their highest  . eiideavoi s.  C. P. R. PENSIONS.  Particulars of the C. P. R.  pension  ;j>lan are.'to hand.   The benefits o�� thp  lund'will  be participated' in only by  those  employees who   have been* le-  -quired to give their entire-time to'the  .service of the company, the_ retirement  age being 65 yeais.   Both the number  -of years of service aiid'the scale'of  ���wages earned will be factors in determining the amount of the pension. For  . each year of service, l^per cent, will  be alllowed on average monthly salary  ��� of*, the last teii.-years. , Thus,-,40 y^ars  . of "service'would mean, a pension of, 40  per cent, of" the average salary of the  ten'years before retirement.' A pensioner of the fund may engage in other  business  with   tlie  permission   of ' the  . directors. The fund is to be administered by a board consisting of the pre-  . oldent, vice-president and solicitor of  the,C. P. R.. Company.  a few weeks. The treatment accorded  the I. T. R. employees has often been  exposed  ln parliament.  THERE WITH THE GOODS.  The Provincial Progressive Party in  the Siocan evidently has the kind of  people Included within its ranks who  take their politics seriously. Although  there is no election positively in siglit,  yet the treasurer of thc Sandon cjub  Is In receipt dully of handsome subscriptions toward the campaign fund,  Nothing can be done without money,  and the boys of the P. P. P. are there  with the goods.���Sandon Paystreak.  ',���' ���' *-QUESTIONS.-- -"���'���.'i,,  i��Tbe /o}lo,wjng are .tip.* questions put  ito municipal ��� candidates . by , .the  .Trades pju�� p&bor cblihVil'*. ( \ '.  1. AVe yoV in' favor ��� !o�� afiolislling  thc ward system? ."'. ' ��� '���.'- >--  1 ��� 2. Aro you in favor of lowering  tt)e assessment.oti imptoveniehts ' at  ,th& rate1 of 10 per cent, per annum'  till obliterated? ��� ''  I      .     ��     . . . ' ;      > ,i     ���     *    .'  ' 3. Ard you' in favor of municlpaliz-  ,ing the street railway, electric lighting, gas works, telephones and other  public utilities.'. ,;  ' ;1. If elected, will you take immediate steps' to make arrangements  wherebv .the city will bo in a position to do its own lighting and to  supply light* and power to -private  eiti/ens at as low a rate as possible?  '5. If elected, will you ' take the  proper steps to'have the telephone  service of this city owned and operated- by the city?"  '' .6. Are yoii in favor of municipal  liiiniinuin wage clause in all contracts  based on thc. standard wage, of the  various trades employed in the undertaking? 0,      ','  7. Are you in faver of having the  union label on all city supplics_ where  possible?  ', 8. Are yoii in favor of, one man one  vote in municipal matters-.'  9. Are you in favor of recognizing  the civic employees' union?  Wall Papers   A  cow?  CANADIAN.  The cab owners of Ottawa have organized a protective' association.   The  ~* objects ot the association are to secure  a revision ot the 30-year old tariff, and  to provide a board through which com-  . plaints against over charging can be  '   taken up.. The.revision in view is in  ��� the direction of higher lates. .  The employees in 'the car shops at  Moncton and on the eastern' division ot  the Intercolonial have asked through  their executive of the P. W. A. for an  ' incrense of wages. Telegraphers, dispatcher ana conductors arc not In-  - eluded,   but  about   twenty  classes  ot  _ _workmen_nre_vepi esented in_jthe__d_:__  miind.   The management will reply In  ��.  ft  a  ��� ft  ���  ft  ��  ��  . , ���., ���     x.y, - ;��'\r       ���  THBS BRAND    I  ..ft  e  i ft  9-  t  ft  LECTURE ON SOCIALISM.  Arrangements     have     been    mad;  whereby the Rev. R,' Grant, fc'ho wn3  to have lectin ed under the auspices of  the  P.   P.   P. * on   Thursday,  January  Sth,  In Union' hall,' has'  consented to  exchange  places' with Rev.' R.  Whit*  tington, M. A��� D. D., who will lecture  1   , i .   i       i .  on Socialism on that date.   The leason  for this change in the programme ls  that Rev*. Mr. Wlilttinglon will leave  for the west coast of Vancouver Island on the 10th of the month. A  hearty invitation ls extended to all  WHAT CREATES A LIVE LABOR  TOWN.'  Show us a town jn'which Is published  a live labor -paper that fearlessly expresses its convictions and agitates for  labor's 'betterment lndusti tally, politically, socially and'othcrwise, and we will  show you a. live labor movement in  tha't place largely as. a result of such  uctlvity m spiea'dIng knowledge'. Boom  The.Independent. It Is the only paper  in Vancouver that ALWAYS fights fo'.'  labor's lights.  UNION  BAKERIES.   '  W. 1). Muir, Mount Pleasant.  Robt.    McDonald,   Avenue Bakery,  Westminster'Avenue. * '  ' Montreal Bakery, Westminster avenue.  F.    Adams,   Scotch Bakery, Hastings street.  \V. D. Kent, 5b' Cordova street.  Toronto  Candy Company,  Cordova  J. Oben. Il.istings street.  Mreet.  Minchen Co.,  Granville street.  Barnwell Bros , Granville street.  M. McMullen, Granville street.  Ilcwton Bakety, Hastings street.  Non-union List.  ���Vr.���Murray;���Kiflh_avcnue���Mount  Pleasant.  J. Dodson, Hastings street..  ,F.  W.  BARTLE.  Secretaiy Local Union No. '10,  Vnncouvcr, B. C.  "No," said (lie stubborn citi/.cn, "I  never confess that 1 nm in thc  wrong." "Why not?" ' "There's no  use in it. If a man makes a mistake  In this lite theie are thousands ol  people ready to lake hold and advertise it, without lilting his voice lc  swell the clamor."  Is a guarantee of g{0d wprJimun-  shlp.   Our Overalls will outwear  any, others, and will keep thcir  shapc to the last.  Ask your dealer for them.  *-  -ft  9  ���ft  0  (LIMITED.)   ,  ' ���>*    '����      HI,'."j.  3 * ���  HAW'S BLOCK, WINN IP tO, MAN.-1  The Pioneer Union Overall' Fae-  tory of the "West. t  f.ft -i.-0.-t, <y$'t> t?- .* ���}-<.<*'����� f -t'-*>^9  909ft909ft909ft9ft9ft9ft9ft90  Hunt, Cambie street-,,  Morgan, The Tailor, Grabvilla street.  Dan Stewart, Cordova, ntpeert.   - '  CluUb & Stelwartr OordowKstreet -   .,  W. Murphy, Cordova,sti^t  i itcfeae & McDonald, Hastings street,  east ,    ,. >  , E. L^rsen, ,Hastlngs, Street j  IT. OatrelH, dordova rtreet. ���   ' -*. .  i  * Bimom & Oo., Cordova etreet  JolinsoM,,&,1Sig'Sf!ns,i-Cordova street  S. McPlierson, Cordova street  They had gone from the, Zoo and  were walking in the park. "Look,  papa," exclaimed .little Lennic, running up with last season's chestnut burr in he'r^hand, "I've found a  porcupine's* egg."  Miss You'ngthing (reassuringly)���  ''���You needn't lie afraid of father,  Mr. Midwood. He ,isn't a pirate."  ilidwood���"He may not be to you;  Miss", Youn'gthing, but I have heard  that to young men callers he is a  regular freebooter."  The Savoy has an entirely new 'programme for next week. That's the  place'-to spend a good evening.'  ?26 Peridr Street.  ,It Is a little early yet to talk about  Wall* Paper, but f want tie people to  l<;now'that 1^ ami.now'opening, up the  finest stock of Wall Paper that ever  come Into this provlnoe. Of course we  have not received our full line, but  have -enough, torr please most anyope.  and we arc. going.to,pontinue ito tell  these beautiful 1943 coloring-and pat  terns -at the reduced rate until the busy  season opens. Anyone wanting Wall  Paper or work of-tbat kind lt will'pay  them to tuy.n'oiv, even If you hold it  over for a month or so. Ours. 4s a  Union 6hop, always has been and always will be. Room moulding to  match all papers. Agents for, the province for. white enamel letters for  signs. Kalsomlnlng. painting, etc., nnd  all work guaranteed.  tTO OUT OF TOWX OUSTOMERS lt  Ic always* a pleasure to send samples.  Drop a postal'card stating price, color,  which room or rooms, size, whether 9  or 18 Inch border, required. We will do  the rest  1 rt .*���%.* ���l.n'J.iJfisi  Union Directory.  Thursday In each month, *t 10m p. amy  President,, W. 3. La&ricii: yico-pre��lil��o6  IT. J. RuiseJl; ���ecrotary, T.'-H. Cross: financial secretary, J. T. lilley; trtoounft,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arma, a X.  Ealter; atatlatlclan. J. H. Browne.   EVERY KIND 0F-  i Job Printing Done \  SHIRT ' WAIST... ASDJ- , LAVNVK&  WOHKE3R8 UNION, No. 10��-Mee��  overy ��nd and 4th Thursday In eac^  month ln Union Hall. , President, G. W.  Rowlands; corresponding secretorj', R.  Alltrce, 1027 Richards Btreet; flnanetal  secretary, MIbs M. Whltmnn: treasurer,  HIM Jeolouse; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, O. W. Rowlands. J. Har-  glo, W. MoDermott and I. J. Colthart.  WAITERS AM) WAITRKSSIW IJN10H  Local; No. 28. President, Charles Ovsrj  vlcv-iiresidi'iit, A N. llvrrlngton; sccra-  tury-trcasurcr, .1. II. 1'orklns; recording  .���wcretury, Mies A. Scuitto; Press agent,.  W. Ellender. Uniting e\ery .second Friday evening,, al S.aOi-o'olock >in Union  Hall.*corner nomer and.Dupsniulr streeto  u^i'ifBir~BliiWfiSRHOoii>.-or cs*ii-  PBNTHRS and , Joiners-Meets, every  socoiid.and fourth Wednesday In Uniono  hall, room-No. 1. President, A. $. Ooffln;  vice-president, Joseph _pixon;., rccordl*-��  secretary, Qeo. Dobbin; i financial eeers-  tary, J...M..Sinclair; treasyrcr, .J. J^crgtt-  son; conductor, >G. Flngley; *warten,tCt  H. Blair; delegates to ���the .Trades ant  Labor council, R, Macpherson,,,J. M.  Sinclair, Geo. Dobbin, Jos. Dixon." Geo.  Adams; delegates to tbe Building .Trade*  Council, M, McMnllcn.- Levi C. DeWoH*.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that  application/vill be made at tho Legislative Assembly of tho Province of British  Columbia, at its next session, lor. an-Act  to incorporate a company to construct,  equip, operate, and maintain, telephono  and telegraph lines, within and through  the mainland of the province of British  Columbia; and to construct, erect, and  maintain, poles'nnd( ^ther works and devices, necessary for making, completing,'  working and maintaining, communication  by telephono 'and telegraph within" the  mainland of the said Province of British  Columbia; and to open and break up any  part ot tlie highways or streets.within  the said mainland; and to purchaso . or  lease or dispose of lands or buildings  within the mainland of the said Province  and to purchase or lease telephone or  telegraph lines connected ,or to be connected with tho lino.which tha said company may conjtriifit; and amaigahiato  with or .lease1 'its line or; lines or  any portion or poitions thcieof, to any  .other company; and with all other incidental lights as may be necessary to the attainment of tho abovo  necessary to tlio attainment of the above  objects or nny of them.  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 18th  day of December, 1002  D. G. SrACDONELL,  Solicitor for Applicants.  NOTICE.  In the matter of the estate bf George  Ritchie Maxwell, fate of the City  of Vancouver; Province of British  Columbia, Deceased.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that all  creditors and others, having claims  against the cstato ofi tho said Georgo  Kitthio Maxwell, who died on or about  the 17th day of November 2, 1902, are  required on or before the flrst day of  February, 1903, to, send by post  prepaid, or deliver to D. Slar-  douell, barrister, of Vancouver, one of  tho executors of the Inst'will and testament of the deceased, tlielr Christian and  surnames, nnd tho addresses and dcsciip-  tions, full paitluulais of their claims,  statements of-thclr-nccounts,-nnd-the nature of the securities it any held by  thorn.   ���  And further take notice that after the  last mentioned date, we tho cxccutiix  nml executors, will proceed to distribute  the linnets of tlio mild iloccnscd among  the parltos entitled thereto, having regard to tho clallilH of which we then  slinll havo notice, and that wo will not  ho llablo for tho snld assess or any part  thereof, so distributed lo nny perhon or  peiHOiiH tif u-Iium) clnlniH notice slinll lint  lmvo been iecel\ed by us at llie timo of  for Htieel.  Puled this 20th day of Docomber, A.  I)���  1902.  .MARY   l'ORI'.ST  MAXW11LL,  Exccutilx.  HOlll.ItT KlilfLY.  I). O. MACBONHLL.  ���  , ��� Executors.  The ballot is the only weapon with  which we can light capital.  To uso that weapon Intelligently we  must kno'w something about tho indus-  'trlal evolution. ���        '        ;  Read Collectivism. Cloth, 50 cents;  paper, 25 cents.       _, ���.^  | <    trj-r **.    , ii. fZ.  530 Westminster Avenue.  ��� _  ft  0  ��  o  ��  *( -  SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY.  Independent  Printing  Co'y  BASEMENT, FLACK BLOCK, VANCOUVER.  K. ���  IO��  P  ���1  -i \i  ii  rogram  PROGRESSIVE  TT^  a o  Meets sn Union Hall 2nd and 4th  ThursdayM Each Month.  Vancouver, B; C.  1 '' ��� r *   ��� - ��� *  , -   PROGRAMME:       s   *  ���   January 8-^-Prof. R. Whittington,  M. A., D. D., will  lecture on " Socialism."  January 22.���Hon. J. C.Brown, of New .Westminster  will lecture* on " Politics and Government."  ���   February 12.���Rev. R. Grant will lecture on> "The  Labor Problem.*' ., ' .  February- 28.���Ralph Smith, M. P., will give an address on the'"Labor Question."  March 12.���President Chris. Foley  will give an address 6n " The Progressive Party���Its Aims and Objects."  PLATFORM:  Following is the platform adopted at  the Kamiobps convention ot the Provincial Progressive Party:  act, and if said taw be disallowed, lt  be repeatedly re-enacted until the end  sought is attained.  That, this party lays It down .as ,a  first, principle that,tbey will nominate,  endprse or support only such m��n as  wllk place their signed, undated, resignation in the hands of the convention  which .nominates, or endorses them;  that-thls resignation-be sworn-to;-thait ^T^  this resignation may be handed ln to  the lieutenant-governor In council  whenever a majority of the convention  shall consider such action advisable.  1. That we gradually abolish all taxes  on thc producer and the products of  the producer, shifting them on land  values.  2. Government ownership of railways  and all means of communication.  3. That the government establish nnd  operate smelters und refineries to treat  nil klndH of minerals.  4. That tho frutichlso ba extended to  women.  G. Tho abolition of property qunllrl-  catlons for nil publio olllces.  G. F.irm Improvements, implements  ami stoc'Jc not to be taxed, and wild  lands to be assecscd at thc price nsked  for them by speculative holders.  7. No land or cash subsidies. Lands  to be held for the actual settler.  8'. Ten per cent, of all public lands  to be .tin-mediately set aside for educational , purposes and education of all  children up to the age of 16 years to  be free, secular und compulsory, text  books, meals and clothing to lje supplied out of the public funds ^whero  necessary. (  9. Compulsory arbitration of ,labor  'disputes,  , 11. That to, protect us from Asiatics  already. In trie province the government  insert a. clause in til private acts to  this effect: "This act shall be null and  void .if the /company, falls to enter into  an agreement with tha government as  to.conditions of construction_and, o-p-  and that the house pass a  resolution to prohibit the employment  of Asiatics on all franchises granted  by the provincial house.  12. Conservation of our forest riches,  pulp land leases to contain a pro-  vlslonfor re-foresting so as to produce  a perennial revenue and make pulp  manufkicture a growing' and permanent  Industry.  13. That tlie act compelling the sent-  Ing of logs by government scalers bi>  enforced.  H. Absolute reservation from sale or  lease ot a certain part of each known  coiul area, so that state owned mines,  if necessary, mny be enslly possible In  tho futuie. All coal lenses or grants  hereafter mude to contain a provision  enabling the government to flx thc  price of coal loaded on cars or vessels  for shipments to R. C. consumers.  15. Municipalization and public control of the liquor traffic.  16. The right to a referendum where  a valuable subsidy or franchise ts  to  be conferred.  i  17. That all transportation companies  be compelled to give free transportation to memlbers of the legislative assembly and supreme court and county  Judges. ,  IS. Election day to be a, public hoU*  day, and provision, made , that ,every  employer shall be free from service at  CIGARMAKERS' UNION NO. ���fo7���  -Meets the flrst Tuesday ln each month  in Union Hall. President, C, L. Kuna;  vice-president, C. Parsons; secretary, J.  C. Peoser, clo Mainland Cigar .Factory;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, ,J., Schuylmeyer; , delegates .Ua  Trades and Labor Council, ,J. Crow, C. JU  Kuhn and John Mlllan.--*   -  -     ���    i    ������  THB -RETAIL   CLBRKSV  INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets  ln O'Brien's Hall,"the first ana.,  third Tuesdays of eaoh month. ^;D. ,Mto-,  Lean, president;  W. 3i Lamrick. Mcrt-  tary. 248-Prmces3 street, i   >'���������'.   .   -'*S��  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS ANIX  DECORATORS, Local Union No. IM.  Meets 2nd & 4th .Thursday in Labor Halt;  President, W, Pavier; vice-presJdent/W..  Halliday;'recording secretary, E.* Cnuflv  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Oothard, K2 Howe streot; trcaa-L  urer. H. 'MoSorley.^' '    ' ' '--'-  INTERNATIONAL BROTHE'RIHOqD'.OB.  Electrical Workets, Vancouver Local.'  No.'213���Meets segond and fourth Tuesday;  in each month in Union hall, .room No. 4.  President, Ceo. Cowling; vice-president.  R. P. Irwin; recording secretary, A. p.'  Hotson, 635 Richards    street;    financial  secretary. John Dubberley, -    '  AUXILIARY, NO. 1, LOCAL 213, LB.  E. W. Telephone Operators���President.  Miss 3. Hunter, 813 Homer Street); vice-  president, ' Miss 'F. Livingstone, 660^  Granville,, Street; recorihngi-secretaryj  Miss J. Browne, 827 Richards Street;  treasurer, Miss E. Bcntley. 1121 Seymour Street. ' '  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union'of  America. Local No. 46, Vancouver, B.  C, meets first and third Thursday ,im  each month. President, T. Baxter; vice-  president, J Ingles, recording secretary.  F. W. 'Bartlc financial secretary, II.  MacLcan,-, 2100' Westminster Avenue.  Mount Pleasant; corresponding secretary.  ,T. Webster, 2814 ���Westminster Avenue.  Mount Pleasant; treasurer. J. Wilkinson,  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-  TIONAL Union, No. 120���President.  Fred Hawe; vice-president, J. A. Dib-  den; corresponding-financial secretary, J.  A. Stewart, 51 Cordova St.; recorder,  W. Hawkins; tieasurer, G. Bower; guide,  A. II. Lcgatt; guardian, A. E. Anderson; delegates to T. &. L. Council, Fred  Hawo and J. Gihnan. Meets flrst and  thud  Wednesdays of each month in Un-  iQn Hall.' ; .  JOURNEYMEN TAILOUS' UNiON OK  America, No. 178���Meets first and  thud Mondays in room No. 7, Union  hall, President, C. Whalen: vice-president,, F. Logg; recording secretary, F.  Williams, 1814 Seventh avenue W.; financial secretaiy, T. Wood; ticusurcr,  W. W. Toombs, sergeant-at-arms, T.  Mathews. ' '  BUILDERS' LABORERS' FEDERAL  Union, No. 32, Vancouver���Moota  every Thursday evening at 8 o'clock, ia  room No. 1, Union hall. President,,  Fred Collins; secretary. H. Sellers, Western Hotel; delegates to Building Trades  Council, H. Sellers, Chris Foley and  John Sully.   VANCOUVER  TYPOGRAPHICAL .UNION, No.  226.  meets the fourth Mon-  _day_iiv each^ month nt J3nlon_Hall.7  President. C. S. Campboll; vice-president, H. W. King: secretary, S. J.  Gothard; P. O. box GO, treasurer, Geo.  Wilby: Hcrgoant-nt-nrms. A. V. Arnold;  executive committee, W. 11. Hunt. G. E.  Plorrott, W. Brand, Itolit. Todd; delegates to Trades nnd Labor Council, W.  Brand, S. .7. Gothnrd, F. W. Fowler.  trie  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACK,-  SMITHB,,'Vancouver Union,' *No, jlSU���  Meets the first and third Monday, (n eacB  month at 8,p. m., in..Unlon hall.'Hompr  street. President, Robert-Gray; financlfil  secretary,,-Gcotge Nesbltt,' 1207 .Boats  street;- recording secretary, ,JD. Robinson*  box 37,, Vancouver, B. C;-delegates;**  the'Trades and Labor council, William  Latham, D, Robinson, R. Edwards, ' .  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.~^  F. M., .meets every Saturday at 7.80 p.  m. in Forester's Hall. Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser: vice-president, X.  W. Austin; secretary. Alfred Raper;  treasurer, A. G. Deighton; conductor.  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patterson, i   ,  i f  , >  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION",  of Machinists.���Beaver Lodge, No.  182.���Meets second and fourth Monday in each month in Union hall.  President, Geo. P. ' Downey; past  president, J. R. Edwards; vicc.pres-  ldcnt, II. J. Littler; recording secretary, J. II. McVety; financial secre*-  tary, J. Anderson.  "10. Restriction of Oriental Immlgra- i least four consecutive   houre   during  'tlon by a law on the lines of th!e Natal   polling time.  Mumc is a very ^desirable accomplishment If ,i girl likes a young  nian slit' can play comic opera ' and  make ^iim feci perfectly at home, anfl  lf'slie doesn't she ,can give Mm a few  saWlos from a .sonata and make .him;  ,<����� > ���     *    ��, -.   ���j ��� '. f Q  weary.'      ' *  Kit  "4  Ail  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth 'Wednesday  or ench month In Sutherland Hall, cor-  ni'i- Westminster Avontic nnd Hnstlnga  Street at S p. in. President, Jns. Mo���  Ciulg.m; vlce-piesldont, A. G. Elllott'r  H'onMiiry. M. A. Heiicli: treasurer, XV.  II. \'iiiidi'i'\\.ii'lu>i , conductor', H���  Howes; wniilrn, Cl. Martin; sentinel,  IJ. Smith; (lelegutos to TrndiM nnd Labor Council, 11. .Mnrsliiill, F. C. O'llrlon,  Ceo. 'l.i'ii'lVsty, A J. Wilson und Jas.  fMi'CftiliMii.  i  ll  I  - * t-AAy ��� THE INDEPENDENT.  SATUBUAT. '...JANVART Z,.iW:  ^g1����������������������^^ } cheap, but what a cost to the residents  of Fairview and Mount Pleasant. Four  Watch the Daily Papers for important Announcements about  Kennedy's Big Sale.  6. W. KENNEDY'S.  (Successor to Scott *. Kennedy)  303 Hastings Street,       Vancouver, B. C.  No Weak Spots!  Our UNION MADE Shoes  from Canadian and American Union factories arc the  bost in the land. Men's,  Ladies' and Children's Shoos,  durable and stylish.  TIIE PATERSOJV SHOE CO., LD  301 Hastings St.  aldermen residing in ward one.sat on  the council, and ward two was without  a resident alderman., ,     ���*���-.,  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  ' ' ORIENTAL QUESTION".  To thc Editor of The I.ndki-knuknt:  Sir,���Once more the ���iron hand nt Ottawa has descended upon 'British Co-  lumbi.i, and the Oriental exclusion bill,  modeled on the lines of the 'Natal act,  Sias been di.snlloufcd. This will give  thc membi'is of thq'iloeal house an op-  giortunity lo prove their value by call-  in;? the house together and >t>cedi!y  Jiassins: another nut. li is time something was done io offset this persistency of the Dominion government or  the working* classes will soon sink be-  3ow the level of the yellow scum of  lhe Orient. And all tor the sake of the  Imperial government, whose policy it-is  to sacrifice British Columbia in order  that iits friendship with Japan shall  not be ruffled. Wo need no clearer  proof of this than  the telegraphic  _ Article Published  * *(_ ...  'lii tliu daily inipors ot a 'recent date.  Senator Temjileman then slops to_ the'  front and says that Ottawa and .not  Victoria is. the place to seek justice.  True, we know exactly what kind of  justice to expect from Ottawa. XVe  have had some splendid illustrations  during the last six or seven years.  Thai that bill above referred to must  too re-enacted all friends of labor know,  or trouble 'between this 'province and  the (lonlinion government is inevitable,  and the'sooner the better. So far,"fiom.  an, imperial iioint of viow,- we have  ...heen treated as small clnldien, while  the colonies of Australia, New Zealand,  nnd South Africa have been accorded  privileges bcneflchil to themsehes.  "Why is 11'.' Aie they our superiors, or  Ihad Ihey the rourasc of their convictions when thry passed tlieir bills legislating against Orientals?" In this city  there are several clergymen wlio aro  continually prying into  Other  People's  Business.  iWould it not be better for them to  idevole some attention to this question,  instead of wasting time by writing  trashy articles 'in thij, newspapers over  their signatures, about ��� the wicked  atlile&ts and their fallings? The.v nre  paid by the people nnd it is their duty.  The probabilities aro they are like one  Perrin, a bishop, who displayed his  Enobblshncss a tew years ago In a letter to tho Toronto Globe, saying anion?  other things: "Tn company with such  men as Lord ".Volseley and General  ___3ordon, I cannot Indulge ln any popu-  lar clap-trap against tho Chinese and  -ithelr glaring faults," etc. He also mentioned thc- Japanese a.s a friendly race,  Ibut as I write from memory I can go  no further. I believe, though, lt wns  published in this paper at the time.  Of course, he wns a man who openly  or.posed unions.   There nre, however, a  great  many   ministers    who    pose as  friends of the wage-earner, but  Why Are They Silent?  Will tliey please answer that question?  N'o persons in this city have a better  opportunity of understanding the true  condition of affairs, than the waiters  and waitresses who are thrown dally  in contact with these yellow objects,  known as Orientals. In this eily, with  very few exceptions, tliey are employed in most of the eating houses as  cooks. For years past employers have  been in tlie habit of circulating a  threadbare story that all white cooks  are unreliable, the result being that  many good cooks avoid B. C. as If it  were a, pesl-house. That excuse was  scattered abroad for a purpose. The  employers saved a few dollars a week  by it. In Seattle the employers believe  in  Illriiii  '<1 'the kitchen  ficulty in procuring it. The same coif;  ditions would prevail here if a fow. of  these empfcyers ,-would '(l<Jq'sen their  purse-strings and "all* the uliions in  this town*joined hands with the Waiters' and Waitresses' union and insisted  upon white cooks only." A few more  words:   If other unions will not assist  us by impressing upon their members  j i   *  tho necessity oi patronizing union  houses���we mean the bar as well as the  dining room���we*shall have-to resort  to more stringent measures, and publish ihe names ol certain Union men  who for the sake of a few paltry,cents  patronize unfair houses.      '  .      -      'I PltfiSS'AGENT,     -.ii:  Waiteis'  and Waitresses' Ui*:on.  Vancouver, Jan. 2, 1903.  THE.PNITT OF (LABOR. '  Tho air is full of politics and those  who  hold  positions    of responsibility,  particularly ln labor unions, realize the  approaching dltilculty  that labor will  be up, against to maintain its prestige  as unpolitical  factor, and yet nt the  sameytlme to preserve intact harmony  and- 'Rood  will  among the    members.  Political parties which are supposed to  be diiyoted to the maintenance of sacred principles and for the settling of  great problems of public policy, are, to  n great extent, only kept together by  public  plunder and  patronage.    If  it  were not for the "iope of a division of  the spoils or the securing of a position  many a man would  never go to the  polls.   It is not strange, therefore, that  local      and    individual    organization's  should  'be  vastly  moie   interested  in  gaining some special    advantage   for  their members than  in  promoting the  Interest of labor as a whole.   It would  be most fortunate if discipline in the  great labor movement existed not only  for labor itself, but for the public Interests,  as much  independent and irregular action  would    be saved,  and  something accomplished in a practical  way.  ��� Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stableB.  CITY OF VANCOUVER  ELECTIONS 1903  TO THE ELECTORS:  I desire to announce myself a.s an IN-  miPKNDI.N'T candidate for LICENCE  COMMISSIONER for the year 1903.  ^^x��*��xo*-��:��fr*fr*fr*^  L. D. TAYLOR.  a  White Labdr  and they' iind no dif-  C  MORTON".  CANDIDATE JOUN_  Mr. John Morton, aldermanic candidate for ward fivo, is a staunch unionist and practical in his views. lie said  the olher night that 'it is queer but  nevertheless true that lots of people  think that a workingman is a sort of  "mule;" that as such he must be continually nagged and driven at his  work.- That policy appears lo be the  prevailing one at the city council.  Men employed by the city should b3  under the control of the different executive heads and not by lhe aldermen,  who should put in tlielr time doing  something else. At different times  communications have been sent in to  the city council to push matters tending to the securing of the foreshore,  and If this thing had been attended to  earlier than it was It would not have  AGREEMENTS AND ARBITRATION.  Whenever the union has succeeded in  reaching and signing annual and bi-en-  nlal agreements with employers, a condition of peace and prosperity has prevailed, and that fact alone prompts me  to suggest that we ought to put forth  ever* possible effort to further encourage the signing of such agreements  covering as far as possible for one or  more years all the points of difference  liable to arise 'between employer and  the employed and providing for the arbitration of such other matters of difference as may have been-overlooked  in tlie drawing or such agreements.  There are a few employers in the cooperage business who 'are unreasonable,  and it is almost impossible to agree or  arbitrate with them, but in most cases  ���our-locajj unions .have been able tp'es-'  tablish and maintain through    agree-  r    j<* ���  'melits and    arbitration   a' satisfactory  state of affairs by wliich all concerned  .have been prosiieljojisi-Secretary Cable  of lhe Coopers'  International Union.  You Vote and Influence Ke-  spectfully Solicited for  ALEX. BETHUNE,  for Re-election for  ALDERMAN  for  WARD II.  A FREE TRIP TO NEW YORK.  Raplh's great guessing contest is now on. ' The person who guesses  tho noarest to tho number ol beans in tha bottle ia.our window gets a  RETURN TRIP TICKET TO  NEW YORK. - 0  ONE GlESS FOR EVERY DOLLAR YOU  SPEND HERE.  i  Buy your, heating stovo hero and theu guess away.  9126 Hastings St.  SOLE AGENT  <������-  \  f ������  f:  r  ****M**��*X9*^^ ..  SCHOOL  TRUSTEE  FOR 1903  ELECTORS OF VANCOUVER:  'Your-voto and influence nre respectfully  solicited m niy election as scliool trustee  for 1903. 1VM. GEORGE.  RAINCOATS  AND  j OVERCOATS  Our Overcoats and Raincoats are really very swagger this year.  Not loud or too^ultra���but ao very, very swell that they'are real  ly distinguished.'    ��� ,'  '���       ���  MoBt of them are loose-fitting a'nd are made up very stylishly  Indeed.  You wouldn't miss the few moments of time lt takes to fit one  | or two of them,on. |^, ���      . ,  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ��> CO.  tot and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 127 ttastlujs St., Of>|>. Wm. Ralph's..  STOVES! ST�� VESrSTOViSft  We have now in stock a full line of  the best Heating Stoves In the market  and have made a very low   price   on them to clear them out in a hurry.  MfcLennan,  Mcfeely & Co..  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 1063.  E����������������������������(3������������  Tbe Salt  lof Life  in ImuinwH. W�� want more of  it. We'll (jot it if an out anil out  bargain will (etch it.  flow Is This  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle  or  Fountain Syringe  75c. ���  1 The McDowell, Atkins,  Watson Co., Ltd. Liability |  UMMATE DRUGGISTS.  cost the city so much money. Jlr.  Morton is an opportunist on such matters as these, and believes in acting  promptly. "Why, sir," he added, "ovan  the poundkoeper ls not allowed to do  his work without the interference of  some of the aldermen."  TEXT BOOK TRUST.  ��� Over in Japan (hey are getting  Americanized. The Tokyo, Japan, Labor World ..says that a text-book trust  was-formed last year liy. three of the  large publishers in lhat city; this tmsc  now swallowed two more publisheis,  paying 13,00(1 yen and 17j,000 yon respectively. Text books for grammar aud  high schools In Japan are published by  private Arms. All text books, however,  ���are' certified'by the education department. Thus certified texts are adopted  by schoools freely voted b.v the prefec-  tual assembly. To get a text book certified by tlie authority is much money  in it, to that there are many cases of  sca'nda! and bribery. Only few weeks  ago a public procurator was tluow-n  out of tlie position on account of taking bribery from a publisher called the  IClnkodo. There are many injustices  done toy profit mongering* book publishers sacrificing principles of edura-  tion and ehlldien who read the books!  Your Vote and Influence  Respectfully Solicited for  JOHN SIMES0N  Labor Candidate for Alder-  , man in  Ward ii.  Burrard Election  TO THE ELECTORS J ���"  -a. ��� ���  i Your voto*aml influence is respectfully  solicited for the return ot lion. Dr. T.  P.. Jlclnnes no member for Burrard in  the House of Commons at the npproach-  ijig liy-clection. liis address appears In  tbo daily newspapers.  CANDIDATE SIMESON".  This gentleman Is a shoemaker iby  occupation, and has been associated  with organized, labor since IS".,. He  still hay his union card In his shop,  though the local shoemakers' union hns  gone out of existence. He has attend  ed 32 council meetings this year, nnd  snys that the proceedings-are a regular pantomlne. Fancy taking time in  such discussions as whether thc water  troughs at the street corners should be  made to accommodate man or beast, or  both. Another matter he referred to  was the fact that it cost some $860 to  iflnd out whether policemen while on  duty get free drinks or not, and after  the expenditure of this sum the tning  was not proven. This ls foolish expenditure of money. The chailrman of the  board of works gave unlimited time  to the contractor to finish the Cambie  street bridge, because tbe contract mis  LABOR WOULD.  The Baltimore & Ohio Company is to  advance the salaries of its employees,  but the increase will not be horizontal  nor uniform, as in some instances there  may be an ii-.ciease of 40 per cent, and  in others much less, while in some  tliere will be no increase at all. During the past year the Baltimore & Ohio  -Railroad-salary-list has-been-increased  by $73,000 a year.  Trainmen on the Southern Kallway  "Company have received a wage Increase  that averages ii per cent.  The latest estimates of the lake production of copper are between 170,000,-  000 and 1SO,000,000 pounds of refined  copper.  The Pittsburgh & Lake Erie 7tnllroad  Company has Increased wages of 4.000  employees G to 10 per cent.  The British Bonrd of Trado report  for 11)01 shows thnt separate trade  unions In Great Urltnln number 1,280,  with a total membership of 3,922,780.  During the year unions decreased. IC  In number, but membership Increased  12,106, or 6 per cent., compared with an  Increase ot G.9 In 1000 and of 9.4 In 1899,  The falling oft in the rate of growth ls  due to the downward movement In tho  labor market. The accumulated funds  at the end of the year amounted to  ��4,162,000, equaling ��3 lis. 8d. per  head. The figures on income, expenditures and accumulated funds show an  increase over 1900, both absolutely and  proportionately, to the membership.  The accumulated funds during the year  rose over ��400,004.  AVe, tbe timlerMgncd, handle the  only UXIOX 31ADE CIGARETTES  maile in Canada'. ..KABKAC, V. C.  iiiidT.&B.  H. G. MOORE  ���        S. HARCUS  ���        G. W. WEEKS  W.J. McMillan & Co.  Wholesale Agents for U. C,  Comer AlcMiiider St. nnd Columbia Ave-  Vancouver, li. O. . ,  p. o. box, 290. ruoNj*:, 179.  Locks and Lafches-_-^ 1  Wc especially ca-.l yrii;r attention    to the lad. that our stock   J _.'  and -ttssorl incut of 1'icks' and latches,    Butts,   Screws,   Cupboard'*:  trimmings,  .*,.i.*,:i  trimming.', :u fact, all ' S"  Hardware for Blouse or Block     . t!  We have a comp'clc line   of thc leading, Aniericiiu .ind (,'a; whan '-jg'-  goods and we.vill put you next (to 'quality,-price and v.iiely. '���'    '$vl  Nothing^ifl-.h;nioic tp tbc^appearaiicc'  and'value 0? a house   2i:  than' i;ood, tasty, modern triimniings. ,  *<'  ,   . Wc liave them and believe you want tliem. 3?/  Vancouver Hardware Co., |  339 Hastings Street. $  ����@��������!>��5>5^^  I  frHGEorittY-r{  ���     Vancouver's   l'lonecr    Clolhes     A  Kcnovutor, makes a suit new.      T?  X Dyeing and Repairing. X  a 210 cambie Ht��� Vanoodvxr.        jL  Patronize the  Blue Label  BRANDS  B. C.  Cigar Factory  NEW WESTM.NSHB.  ��������  see  " The Beer Without a Peer."  Brewed right hero in Vancouver by men of years cqd-iycars ex-  peric-nce <ind in a brewery whoso plant is tiio most perfect known to  the art of brewing, is it any wonder that it hns taken a place in  ihe hearts of the peoplo which no other beer can supplant?  $1.00 Dozen Pints   "  S2.00   ��     Quarts  Brewed by  Vancouver Breweries, Ltd,  Vancouver, B, C.  and for sale at nil first-class Saloons, Liquor Stores and Hotels.  TO DO YOUR  FAMILY WASHING  AT HOME  ���must be a serious undertaking* during our winter season.  How can you do lt, with  unsettled weather always  either with you or threatening to he.  Send us all your flat goods  ���all poods that can toe put  through the mangle and we  will send them home all ready  for uso for 2*lc a ' dozen  pieces. Tho drivers can glvo  you full Information.  Steam Laundry  010-9K Rlchuds Streot. IU. 840  Breach offlca In Aratda  ,    TU. 1178.  AOrefttom in Tfce Iode��Mu!*<tf.  ���������������������������������������Q����  i >��.  if  :r  r  Beginning Young  iWhon oyes aro found to ha*ra  any defect, howovor, slight,1', tnero t ty~  is but ono thing to do. Provide < ���J''*'  glassas early. Have them oxamlned i t-'"  by our doctor of optics, Mr. AI- i ��**  Ian, and got a pair to lit yoo i (���*.  properly. All work guaraateed*.      < J..  BUYiD&g��N bk<i_)&., : t;  Th* Jewelers *od CfrHeiutr .    , . ��  I4�� Certfev* OT.  S>19.9j9j9J*ftiw9j9:(&0+009!  y-rpwysffreiycrtzrereaiwrigyM**  uiHVffMiBiitmwrx

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