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The Independent Dec 20, 1902

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 AS.1  /  Legislative Llbr'y Mar. M|M  THE RQYAIi!BANK  OF  CANADA'  . . SAVINGS   BANK .'."'' '  '*   JL Oeseral Banking Buslnass          Transacted.  OITOCBS-Haatlngs  Street,   W���  fraabniaster Avenue, Vancouver.  8. ft* PERMAMF LOAN AS0  SAVINGS CO.  1 Authorised Capital - 110,009,000  Subscribed Capital -  -  l,'<0O,00n  Assets Over -        ���  -     300,000  Head Office, 321 Cambie Street,  Vancouver, B. C.  ��    I  VOL. 6.  VANCOUVER, B.>C, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1902.  NO 13.  Questions fou,  the Candidates  ���For Municipal Honors in 1903 Adopted by the Trades and  Labor Council���Special Meeting Tuesday Night���  -.    '        City Asked to Consider Stave Lake Power  '"   ' Proposition���Officers Nominated*  Executive Committee���C. II.  Thompson, E Ilarpur, Wui. George,  ti. Pound, W   Kussell.  financial Secretary���J. Lilley.  '���Treasurer���T. II Harrington, J. M.  Sinclair, J. Dixon.  . Statistician���V,     Russell, J.     II  Perkins i  Sergeanl-at-Arms���A. Gothard.  Adjourned. '  '' President Lamrick occupied the  chair at Thursday night's meeting of  'lhevTradesvand> Lalior council.. Secretary'���^ Cross 'was "also in his place.'  There was .1 good attendance of delegates.  1 4 .   CREDENTIALS. '_  J Amalgamated Society of Engineers  ���**-M. Little and II. <S. WatkinC!     <  ..Barbers���R   Ilarpur.  * Delegates took their seats.    .  ���*'     COMMUNICATIONS  C.     L.     Lighltoot, of the Gurney  Foundry, Vancouver, wrote that   he  would do all in his, ppwer to   have*  the differences c\i.)t'ii'& between    tl c  union and his linn made right  Laid  , over.  " From thc Tobacco Workers' International union asking that union men  patrom/c blue label goods. Referred  to unions.  rTFrom-Tj,'F. iMcGuigan, city clerk,  enclosing, a'copy of an opinion'front  "Messrs. Davis, Marshall and Macneill  on the 'subject tof telephone franchises. Tho-opinion was lhat tho  council' had power to pass a by-law  authorising a duly incorporated tv.c-  phone company to erect poles .ind  string'vvrircs, but they did not sec  tliat thc~JcoUncil hnd power to collect  tolls for same  Laid on table  It^was stated; that Aid Wood was  instrumental"^'"having tne foregoing  p?ss the city council  The Freight handlers having jo nrii  the U^ B-of R E withdrew ils delegate from the council Filed.  ... rr.. ,,��� REPORTS. _ ��� ���  The committee''' oh ' the Or racy  stoves, 'which tire on''the unfair list,  icpoi ted,progress.,   t.     ' ^   ,  The committee "that waited <n the  Building Ti ailes council reported that  the Amalgamated Carpenters' P.as-  tere'is' and Bu,ildess' Labors' Mm.ons  would affiliate with tlie* council en  certain conditions, whicli,ieport vv.is  en motion adopted  view to supplying tne B. C. E. railway company with power at a lower  latc^than they can produce. it' by  steam; and    * * ���  Whereas���It is out desire to sec  this city'doing its own lighting and  suppljing its own citi/ens with light  and power, with an up-to-date plant  from the cheapest source it is possible to produce it, and  Whereas���It takes tunc to make arrangements for'and to'install such a  plant, be it therefore  Resolved���That we ask the' ^city  council to ,take immediate, steps with  a view to having a plant of oul own  installed and ready for "work as soon  as the prcsei.i    ontiacl expires.  Whereas���Thc correspondence and  reports submitted to us in connection  with the Stave Lake Power company  show tliat there is a latent power  thcic suflicicnt for thc requirements  of this city if propeily developed and  which it can at a moderate cost, so  as to produce power at a very low  rate, and that there is an opportunity foi thc city to acquire the same  Theiefore be it further       ,  f  .   "  Resolved���That we hand over' all  necessary correspondence in connection therewith',to tlit city council  along with tins 'rcpoit,' and rccom-  meudj.thcm to takc^ction thereon in  the best interest of this city.  THE TELEPHONE SCHEDULE  PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEE  r  Your committee wishes to report as  follows. Thc correspondence in connection with the Stave Lake Power  Company had been submitted to your  committee to report "thereon J Your  ' committee/ after having investigated  " as far as it vvas possible for them to  do so, reports as follows  Whereas���The present contract with  the B C Klectuc Railway Company,  -Limited, for' lighting thc public  jsttects, and supplying citizensovith  'light on ceitain conditions and at  certain rates, expires oi^thc first day  of June, 1I10C; and  Whereas���The present rate charged  to citizens is. out of all proportion  to the cost *of its production, which  is proved bv the fact' that large consumers put in their own plant, and  wc arc creditably informed that the  first, three month's operation moie  " than" pays for thc plant, that is to  say, that'had tliey still been consumers of thc Company's light* they'  would have paid thc B C. Electric  Railway Company, Limited, foi  light for the "three months a  sum equal to what an^ entire plant cost tliem, together with'  what it cost them to operate it for  the same period with steam power,  and  Whereas���It is of great importance  to any city lo have cheap power and  light to stimulate industries in our  midst; nnd  Whereas���The proper parties to perform such work is the municipality,  so that the largo number of small  consumers can save what the large  consumcis cun do at present for himself; and  Wheicas���Electricity can ho produced cheaper by water -power than  ������it can by steam, which is proven by  the fact that tho Vancouver Power  company (in which the B. C. E. Railway Company, Limited, is- a large  stockholder) is at present engaged in  constructing an expensive hydraulic  plant at Lake _ Beautiful, ' costing  iiomcwhetc about $2,500,000,, with,a  r   . , ���* ' l"  <\-1  Your committee also recommends  issuing the following circular with  questions thereon to all prospective  candidates '-..for ..municipal, honors.  Questions to be answered ,by candidates for'municipal oflice for 1903-  1. Are you in favor of abolishing  the properly qualification, for mayor  and'aldermen?. "    ���  2. Are you in favor of lowering  the assessment, on lmprqvcmfijts, at  the rate of 'id pci< cent, per annum  till obliterated'  3 Arc you in favor'of municipali7-  mg the street railway, clcctno lighting, gas works, telephones and otlier  public utilities''  4 If elected, will you take immediate steps to make arrangements  wherebv the city will be in a position to do its own lighting and to  supply light and power to private  citi/cns at as low a "rate as possible'  j If elected, will you take thc  proper steps to have the telephone  service of this city owned and operated by the city'  6. Are vou in favor of municipal  i/mg the liquor traffic''      \  7 Are you in favor of having the  union label on all city supplies where  possible'  6 Arc you in lavor of municipal-  minimum wage clause in all contracts  based'on thc standard'wage, of the  various"- trades employed in thc undertaking? < '.  9 ,_Are you in favor of recognizing  Tlic^ivicTmpfoyees'- union'- ���  10. Are you m favor of one man  one vote in municipal matters'  As you are one oi the candidates  ior municipal olTice foi l')03, thc Vancouver Trades and Labor council desires to forward you for your consideration and answer the above list of  questions, and'will be glad to receive  your answer at the earliest date possible  All ot which is respectfully submitted by your committee.  The report was on motion approved and -the municipal platform referred to thc municipal committee,  whose report will como up for con-  sidctation at a special meeting to be  held on Tuesday evening next.  NOMINATION OF OFFICERS.  President���S. J. Gothard, Geo.  Dobbin, F. Russell,1 W ' 'J. Lamrick.  Vice-president���F. Johnson, < iGeo.  Cowling, Geo. Rowland, J. C   Kerr.  Secretary���T. H. Cross, S. J.  Gothard.  ".Trustees���C. H. Thompson, "Geo.  Pound, J. Bower,,M. Little, W. J.  Lamrielr. -\ '^ i' .' -"V ',!,< **"/]' tJ ,\  V  Following , is a synopsis of the  agreement entered into between the  telephone company and the Electrical  Workers' union-  All ^ electrical workers���excepting  cluef inspector, general foreman,  chief day and chief night operators-  shall be members m good standing oi  local No. 213, of the International.  Biotherhood of Electrical Workers.  That any employee who may be appointed on auy committee to interview the oflicers or directors - of the  company shall not be discriminated'  aga'nst by tliem m any way whatever.  That members of the union shall  not be discriminated against by Wie  companv ��� The company agrees  (competence being equal) to employ  meinbeis of the union m preference  to parties who are not nicmbois of  the union. But m case of'.i party  from some othei place outside oi  Vancouver and New Westminster,  where no union exists, should apply  foi a situation, and there arc no  nicmbeis ot the union to fill such vacancy then the unioin'agiqj-'s to raise  no objection to the non-union applicant being employed, provided such  person makes application to join the  union,. ^  In case of troublo between the company     and   the   union, or members  thereof,        the     company    t agiees  that    it    will   not    ni    any      way  mtcrfeic   with   the   meinbeis of the  union gcttmc employment elsewhere  Inspectors Department  A dav  shall consist of eight hours  Time and a half will be paid   for  all ovcr tune up lo 10 p   m ,    and  doublo -.-tunc foi over tunc after   10  p. ni', and "double time for all legal  holidays and Sundays, except   that  one member   shall   be m attendance  each     Sunday   to attend   and   lix  any    work which may occur       The  turn in which employees "to* attend on  each Sunday'to ���'b^'atranged'  . The "time,pi employees Sliall     be  r^cltotifld from^tlie time'they ieport  at the store room, or if ordered    by  the foreman' lo report direct al the  work,  until such employees,    report  at such store room on quitting     or  d'rcctly from the ^ork.    '  Apprentices.  The number of apprentices shall be  limited to one apprentice 'to     every  two repairers '   ,'  No * appientices shall install telephones.  Employment '���  Employees shall work by the month  Thc employees of Vancouver and  New* Westminster shall be paid an  increase- m salary of $5 a month,  taking effect immediately  ' All, work to be paid at the over  time ' rate if done after *thc eight-  hour day.  Operators. '  Eight hours shall constitute^ a  working day and operators shall  work on Sunday,as the business   ol  theoflicc requires^"    _* _,   " Following rates ofwages sliall be  paid- Each operatot when taken on  shall work 10 davs on prob.ilfon to  learn the business of operating, at  tho end of which time if her progress  is satisfactory to the company, and  shall be paid the following regular  scale of wages: namely, for thc first  six months, .20 a month, second six  months $22.50, third six months $2r>,  fouith six months $27.50, fifth six  months' and thereafter if30. Long  distance operators and assistant  chefs-hrst year, $32.50, second  yeai, and thereafter, $35, assistant  and night chief-first year, .27 ,".0;  second year and thereafter $30  An Immediate advance of $2 50 a  month to all operators who have  been six months in receipt of their  present salaiy, thereafter according  to the above schedule increase every  si\ months. >       ���* ���  Spare operators shall be paid 12 i  cents an hour.      >    ' 1 ,     * !  Operators working between the  hours of fi and 11 o'clock p. m. shall  have the privilege of changing hours  of 'duty every two weeks.  1 Any operator being oil duty , not  more time than' three days'in - one  month on account ot sickness   shall  have no reduction in their salary.  'Operators   shall have    every sixth  Saturday a hall holiday.  Every switch board with ovcr 80  subscribers shall have an operator in  charge between 9 to 12 a. in. and  1 to 5 p. in , and on Saturdays between 9 a. m. and 1 p. m.  Linemen.  Linemen shall bo paid $3 a day.  Assistant    foreman     shall receive  53.25 a day.  Eight hours shall constitute a days'  vork from 8 a. m -to 5 p. m , one  houi bcinj; fven at noon for luncheon  . No groundman shall be allowed to  climb thc telephone poles without  permission irom the union, unless thc  supply or linemen a^c short.  Allf mployccs shall be reinstated in  their previous positions  , All upcrators in Ncv Westminister  shall receive an advance of  .2 30    a  mouth  A  Grievance Committee.  shall be appointed by thc union,  which shall be recognucd by the corn-  pan) , and all grievances shall be  dfcalt with by the comnilltee  The agreement shall stand for one  year, aftei which one month's notice  shnll be given if any alteration is  desircu by cither parties  -The agieement vvas signed on December 15, 1902, by W Farrcll, managing director of tlio New Westminster and Burrard Inlet Telephone  Company, limited, Gcoigc Cowling,  president local No 213, IBE- W ;  A   R. Howard, secretaiy.  A MALICIOUS SrATFMENT  CONTRADICTED.  Sir,���We notice an article in the  World' of Saturday, Dec. 6th, 1902,  repunlcd from the Leeds Mercury, entitled "Where Labor Reigns Supreme"  It was, in all probability, wiitten by  one of the English journalists who  VfSited this province 'ast summei It  contains a number Jf misstatements  regarding the wages paid o thc diffcient trades and unskilled labor in  the. city and l<fkcs no cognizance of  climatic conditions affecting Outside  woik.  Thercinrc, be it resolved���That the  Vancouver Building Trades council  expiesses its unqualified disapproval  oi * said anommous article as being  written with the ultttior purpose oi  flooding this city with outside workmen The statement as' lo lhe general wage rale prevailing is fully 20  per cent above the average A certain passage msidiouslv inserted as  if intended to refer to the building  tiades exclusively, being so worded  as to really cicate the impression  thai the wage referred to applied in  all otlier industries.placcs the avcragu  wage for common labor al ? 2 50 pci  day, when in reality the wage loi  common labor in oui saw and shingle nulls will average but from .>l to  i>l 30 per day. There no white  man need apply Wheie a laboier .is  in lcceipt of the .2 50 rale he comes  under the semi-skilled class, such as  mortar mixers, scaffold hands and  the most laborious of all���the hod-  carriei  Again the avenge wage given as  prevailing in thc building vand mechanical trades is nol j fair average The  average wage for carpenters, for instance, being $3, instead of ?3 50 to  . j,_as given _maeliinisls,_*.2i75,_iiv  stead of $3 50 to $1, while the build*  ing laborers earn an average of but  S2 Some few mortar mixers and  plasteicr's helpers getting the price  given as the average rates. The writer carefully avoids mentioning the  fact that these men work but about  12 days per mouth on an average,  four months in winter and do not  aveiage 20 dajs per month at any  time, this applies in most cases lo  carpenters, bricklayers, stonc-cuttcis  masons and plasterers.  Again, we pronounce thc following  .statement, to wit* "That there is a  great scarcity of all classes of lalior,  so much so that rows of line buildings have slopped construction," as  being absolutely false and misleading,  and believe it to have been written  for a purpose. J  Resolved    further   that tho above  resolution    be inserted in Thc Independents and the local daily papers, i  JOHN SULLY, President,  N. V. RANKIN,, Secretary,   ,' '  CHAS   T. mLTOK, '  > Business Agent '  ' f'   ,      t j ,������    ', ^ i   i <  Vancouver. Building Trades "Council  Vancouver, Dec. 18, -1902 :' t  PUTTEE Off WRIGLEY.  Recently Mr-M'G. Weston Wi-igluy,  the socialist leader of Victona, addressed a very lengthy open letter to  Mr. A. Puttee, M P., which was  printed m the Canadian Socialist of  Toronto Mr. Puttee, M. P , in Lis  reply sa)s:  "Whether G W W merely wanted  to keep his hand in on journalistic  work, or to give me a certificate oi  good behav ior, or thought that somc-  thing must really be done to keep  liis and my name befoie the public at  this tunc, probably it would be ungracious of me to mqiiiie, but, looking through the letlei again, the  icason oi object of its publication'is  not appatcnt I am addressed as  'Deai Co-Worker,' and thc hope c\-  picssed that befoie long the writer  may address mc as 'Comrade ' There  may be a difference m the distinction  made, but then it does not matter  any wav "  In this letter Mi   Wrigley says  "How can you secure the repeal of  the election deposit law? Not by being a lukc-warm suppbrter of a capitalistic gov er nment,. Thc capitalist  legislators only giant concessions to  those whom they fcai I know you  .ire of a retiring disposition, but if  vou will only determine to  Crooks when he was chosen labor  mayor of the great borough of Poplar, London, Eng , last jear. He  said 'What I think I have to do is  to show tha*, one ol our class can oc-  oupy such a position, and conduct  nimself so as lo earn the nspert or  all classes' lie has completed lis  term, and his recoid is '...th as to  make it more easy to elect s.icli n en  in uiaiiv another Britun liwuiviptility,  in the luturc ", ,  "1 am suipnsed, though, that the  wcitcr,  As a Socialist,  should make the election deposit his,  or niy, sole point of attack It ho  had uijjod me to' redouble my zeal  ior thc introduction of the principle  'of the initiative and referendum*, I  could have understood his logic A  man lo be a thorough and nractical  socialist, in my opinion, will be work  ing to mcoiporate this principle into  our svslcm or government.  "With the power to initiate and  veto in the hands of the people, the  socialists can devote all their energies to political education, and' surely no earnest socialist will claim*  that socialism is possible until the  people choose for themselves.  "The trouble with jou, Comrade  G \\ \\ , js that )ou arc letting  youi heaa get abca'd'of'your feet  What is the good of slanging away  at theories in this country, if poli-  Make   Yourself Obnoxious  to thc old parties by centering     all:ticallv vour  your energies upon thai    paiticularj        naI1(ls ����<! Feet Arc Tied?  bill,  by repeatedly and everlasting!) I11*"15 5'0U not .noticed that the exi*  taking the floor in support of a law  "^mes Of party government arc lak-  which forced a Toronto labor candidate who polled about 1,700 votes in  the elections of 1900 to forfeit $200  ioi the privilege oi having his name  placed upon the ballot paper, >ou  will soon accomplish your object  You will doubtless be called a lool,  a crank, a fanatic, a socialist, etc ,  but nearly every man vvho_has accomplished anything ioi downtrodden  humanity has been known by these  names " i  Mr Puttee, at the 1900 session,  drew up and,introduced a bill (No  19) oi amendments to thc Dominion  Elections Act, In vvnieli one clause  sought tp strike out the deposit law,  and in support of same he said in  the House of Commons  "The nomination of a(candidatc  sliould depend only on the signatures  to his nomination papei, and I  Would Be billing  to seo the number increased . fiom*  itvventy-five .to fifty or seventy-five  1'L'he,ideal of an election law is lo  give the people every opportunity oi  selecting one of their number to represent them in thc federal parliament  and it is not our business to place  anv restriction" upon thc people nominating as many candidates as the)  choose- <��� �� * Theie is something in  this deposit altogelhei opposed lo  the spirit of our election law Propeily qualification has gone, and  this deposit will lollow soon "  Mr.-Puttee rtpl)ing in the Voice  goes on to say that "to the proposition that it is wise, reasonable or  excusable for 'the only laboi menthol' to everlastingly make himself  obnoxious, generally  Play the Fool  and keep at it to obtain notoriety, I  entirely dissent.    One can help    his  ciiim'  hest by deservn-g thc repot'i  lion toi sincerity and reasonableness  "I have a compact with myself,  and with the constituency that elected mc7~not~to-pose-for~posing's sake,  but to be useful. As to the calling  of names that is a grievance purely  oi thc^magination 1 believe, though  that lo those who descne these  rctli.s it is �� real p!e..sui" to be frequently assailed by them.  "In contesting thc W nnipcg scat  we pi.' fiuth a well advanced set of  Druc'iples, not claim.n^ that our sin-  cess at the polls would lorthwith be  followed by their entire fulfillment,  but claiming latliei that labor could  choose from its own ranks men who  vvouid persistently forwaid these objects and at the same lime faithfully  and adequately >  Attend lo the Duties  and routine that attach to membership in llic'fedciul parliament,    and  look after tho full interests of     ihe  constituency as such.   It is a decidedly British view of the work of nn  elected representative, and I am prepared to maintain that it can    be  better done by an independent than  by the old-line parkizans*.  "I have been struck with the exact  similarity of this sentiment that was  endorsed by thc electors of Winnipeg',  ing the power of self-government  away from the people It is now so  that the parties can deny to constituencies the right to chouse whom  they please to rcpiesejit them The  settlement of laige nirabtis of foieign lmmigiants in colonies means  that now one parlv and now another  will manipulate their voting power  in bulk so as to dominate the con-  stituciifv in winch thev are located,  Hovv 'iire \ou going lo make Headway  under such circumstances' Take" the  province in vhich vou aie at piesent  lesiding, and which lias progressive'  men enough in it to be the Xcvv Zealand of North America' Go on'with  lhe policy of division and subdivision  to meet thc supposed requirements of  Innumerable Isms,  and conciiiicntly capitalists ara  bringing in the Chinese, and |JapaiH  cse Sqnic,dav .-.oine pai tv w ill be in  straits, | will .create the opportunity,  and enfranchise Iliem at thc moment  it wants their votes, and tlieie is a'i  end to political piogrcss until such  tune as )ou arc incapable of writing  open letteis or nie of reaching tlicm4  My advice at the present time .or  you in B C would be, as vou love  vom principles and cherish Uie liope  of seeing them adopted in the pio-  vmce, is to resist the introduction oi  exploiting parli/anslup in thc provip-  cal government and to present a  unanimous ultimatum to the Dominion government oul of the recommendations of ihe Chinese commission.  Bui don't misunderstand me 1 am  no naiiow exclusionist, and hold that  undei proper conditions wc in Canada  can well welcome all vvho wish to  come and engage in pioductive work."  and  that  expressed by Mr. Willian  ���        . ���* l   i        *>. >a,i**<���t'tv-vi,-^,  \ ' t  BARBRRS  ELECT OFFICERS.  The Barbcis' union held its regular  meeting    on Wednesday night   Piesi  dent  Dav idson presided and Secretary'  Stewart    was    also    in . his place.  .Among_lhe_ busi.-icss_.__ ansacted wax.  that of election of ofiitcrs, which resulted as follows, ncarlv all being reelected President, J \ Davidson,  vice-president, J A Dlbden, secretary, ,1 A Stewart, iceoidci, E.  llarpui, treasurer, Geo Bowers,  guide, O E Jacques, guardian, Wm  Bi'sliiiian, delegates to Tiades and  Labor Council, E llarpui and J. A.  Dlbden  A deputation repicscnting the boss  barbers, consisting of Messrs.' G. W.  Isaacs and A Gilbert, waited on the  union and requested that the price of  shaving on public holidaj s bo raised  to 25 cents. This vvas approved of  by tho" union.  AT THE SAVOY.  There    will be a good programme   .  Christmas week at the Savoy.   Thc  feature   act    will be thc marvelous  Harry, Seymour, Ray,- thc wonderful  acrobats. Jas. F. Post will bo seen  in his funny comedy, entitled * Amputation.      Among  thc other well-  known celebrities may be mentioned, ~  Ollio Lamont, 'Marie Chaffelfe, Post '.  and Ashley,��AH. James,, Shaw Sis-^'  ters, May Wnrrie.^Vman, Macljay and   K  Croix. Come.-and have a good time.    "  4  1   1  % }  r ?'  $*  ,1  v  )  i  -Vc  x\  TT  t-J'-l  ���j,  f  ���s I  i      r  i   t   r   v  i  *   , H  -���* ." Jy  - '-'..i'-j  vv  ���''St '<''  i-'isd-  A S '���  )"-���/���    (l  ,V  V *T^* '  A i')  ���">>.'-���  i,\ V-  ^^Ma^ataan^iAi^xi. ^-^-vi>ui��su*iMAV)��irru��n��a^0M^Ki^'^^a-Au^Mriw  ��jirwsiKifcrtiiiSr*>,"*ja��,-,��Wi?*��. ri  THE INDEI'EN-  SATURDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1902  THh uNJJuHiiMDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY  IN  THE  INTERESTS OK THE MASSES  BV  THB INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT     OF      FLACK      BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET,  VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN   ADVANCE.  A week. 6 cents; month. IB ri'tiis; thrfe  months, 33 ci-uta; six months, C5 cents;  ono year, $125.  ���ENDORSED BY THI. TRADES AND  LAHOR COUNCIL, THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  The Indef>oiident can always be had  at Galloway's book store, amide.  SATURDAY,  DECEMBER 20,   11102  the  the  aNo  in  lhe  TIIE P P p AND ITS OPPO-  jVEXIS  Eor a miii'bi'i of )ears in tins pio-  vincc at dilleicnl tunes isolated labor  parties have pul candidates for public olhce in the held for election  Sometimes they weie successful and  sometimes tl.ey were nol So iar as  municipal politics were concerned  this mode of pioteduie on the part of  labor v\��s all right Hut when it  came to piovincial politics it vvas  all vvronn, inasmuch a1, the dillereiil  local labor paitus lliioughoiit the  provnm' were nol nulled on a plat-  lorm ol lnimc'cli.iU' demands, oi, in  other woids, were nol united on a  policy. Now it was icadily seen by  the laboi leaders that something  must be clone to mule the fences behind laboi in ilie province before anything could be accomplished. A convention foi this purpose vvas called  at Kamloops last \pnl and what is  now known as the provincial progressive party was diilv formed This  assemblage was one of the best gath-  er'ngs    or    vvoilingmen ever held in  Canada The delegates went there[ whew Hicy can accomplish something  from all pails of the piovincc with'and leave the fanatics to build cas-  the vei)   best   intentions and sincere 'Jcs in the air instead of trying    to  third party. 'Ihis was done lor the  purpose of frustrating a working-  man's paity from gaining power aiid  to disunite them. Tbe onlv place m  this province we know of where tliey  have become disunited politically at  all is in this cily, though there are  large numbers of workingmen here  who are stanch progressives  Thc vvoikingmen of Vancouver are  a very toi.iitopolit.iti lot, coming from  all parts of the world and bringing  with   them all sorts of ideas     and  notions of laboi politics. It  is true  they    have had things pretty nearly  their own way so far as the old parlies in (his city are concerned   Added to this    fact that  the)   have had  their vniious wage schedules and union demands an riled to in hkis. cases  ihey  at once hit ami' apathetic     in  labor politics, and, of course, joined  the i.inks of cither the conservative or  I'beral parties rather than  be socialists      One   of these   da)s Ihey will  have to contend with the alien labor  law and Uie militu foices.   Thoy will  ihmk ihen that a few labor representatives .it couit aie necessary  In 19UII The independent was  only publication who took up  cai'se of    the independents and  the candidate of tlie socialists  this cilv  fot legislative honors  l.ittn    succeeded in polling ovcr H0O  votes, but for some unknown icason  lo us the socialist  party had a split  and set up a sort of boj colt against  ��!ns slice!  l.eca'jse il relused to   take  s.dcs with each of the contending factions    And this fact has lesullcd in  ividcuiig     the breach  between     lhe  in,ion  labor pailv and  lhe socialist  paity   Wu have nevei  seen our    way  to nu\ up vv'th the many petty     internal quart els that  come up    from  lii"c lo tune amoig thc diffeieut ele-  Micnts in  the ranks of labor   Theic-  torc jealousy and spile on thc part of  those    holding     extreme    socialistic  views has to a larp,e cvlcnt resulted  in driimg m.iny good and honest woik  rgini'ti to the ranks of the old par-  tics   We believe that tlicieare good,  able ai'd well-meaning men connected  with the socialist p.nty in this city.  Hut wh) do they not get in* and woik  ��� o unite labor so as to be able to  contiol the legislature at. Victoria,  which it undoubtedly can .mv tunc it  wants to All went away from Kamloops pleased w ith thc work of the  convention, icali/ing that a platform  of piogicss at last had been initiated  and also realizing that thc woiking-  men's party could not move any fasl-  i' than the most conscnativc pait  i its make up In othei woids, a  i lance or coinpiomise platform or  I iiey had to be agiccd upon between  ���. c radical oi socialist wing and  those not holding such advanced ideas  if success were to be attained at the  polls So successful weie the delegates m bunging that ilcsnablc con- Uiev receive at  dition of allaus about that the most, uiat or1-     And  help lliwn''    - -  Piesident Chris Foley is oncS of  the most advanced men in the public  eve of the piovincc today He is a  man of vast experiences and resources  and knows that conditions will  never in Ins life time allow the  putting into practice of his ideas,  ���ind is therefore content with aclopl-  'tig a policy of progiess along the  lines of the principles he holds And  consequently when he adininstcred a  deserving let line to ihe workingmen  the cither night he dill what we consider to be right You will hear  men, socialists and unionists, giumb-  Img and kicking about the treatment  thc hands oi our leg-  when  a meeting    cle-  who could not get them in any other  way, are alter nominations in this  regard, and so desert their own class.  So-called socialists arc patted'on the  back atid told to go ahead, so between Ac two'old'parties who will  promise an) thing and labor union  disrupters in the old parlies, working-  men are hoodwinked out of thejr  rights Of course, the old parties, if  needs lie, would lake up the honest advanced platform���even stronger than  that of the socialists���to gain their  ends, and just as readily go bnck on  them as they often have done before,  v.neither great weakness with the  workingiiien heie is that they look  too much upon the candidate as a  man instead of the pimciplcs he  champions. The only way to advance  lccslat'iiii [c-r the masses, is on the  lines followed ia Nevv Zealand and  this can only be accomplished thiough  piomessne methods And one thing  sure as thc using sun is that thc  policy adopted by the progressive  party must be cairicd out eie vic-  toiy is achieved by ilie working class  at the polls in this piovincc.  Rcg.iiding legislation for the west  hy the dominion, it must conic  through thc demands of a duly established western part) For the inteiests of the people in the cast aie  inst as wide apart as the two oceans  44>m��.��v      �����������-�����������������-�����������������'���������������*  i  o.yses  4>  i'i  i.  -  *l  if  i  '  i  "WIMf Rl'N HIS HUSINKSS."  Speaking the other day with a  prominent merchant regarding the  closing of stcres .it fi p m. he said  that labor unions have no right lo  dictate lo a man how he shall run  his business We hold that no man  should deliberately attempt to break  up a union anel destroy the early-  closing movement under the plea thai  the Retail Clerks' union cannot run  his business. That or any other oi-  gani/ation .itlcinpts to run no merchants' business It endeavors to  protect the business of merchants  who arc endeavoring to follcw out  the principles of early closing. "The  gicatcst good for the greatest iiuiii-  bci" is a good old maxim and one  full of common sense In this matter  an issue is" forced and common sense  will tell anyone" that this is so. Organized labor is to-day a great factor in the industrial and business  woild and will continue to be so, despite llie fact that "merchants will  nm their own business," regardless  of the haidslujis and inconveniences il  will pul otheis to.  One hundred and Fifty. |  Ladies'" disli'mere,' Flail  nel, Albatross and French %  Flannel   Blouses  to ' be -,  + offered Saturday regard- ]  | less    of    cost.      These |  t HJouscsareall fine goods, J  \ good fitting, nicely triin-  f nied,   plain   and   fancy  j patterns.   '    "' '  9 Special Price  I Saturday $2.50  mm qf vour . �����.������<*.  'j    ft. v        f * '��.Z-if'<"���11    *\'  When.tbi-iking oi yost1 friends?,and wondering'what wpuft    |{e most  suitablo for tfytpi 10 the shape of & , VV V     '  IT     " (iHHI^MAS   GIFT  remember that' wc carry one of'the largest*.stocks of goods stjitaMe for  useful presents for men and boys in British CoJtimbia. We can pnlyenum-  .crate a lew of the articles, inch as:.',, .V", ,',..7,,.-( ���. ���;,; ,' ,..: _,-  - Fancy neckwear, in all the newest shapes; Fancy Suspenders, silk* and  Linen handkerchiefs; Kid Gloves, lined and unlined; silk umbrellas, witb  plain and* fancy handle?, far "ladies Aiid gentlemen; leather .Rocket Book*  and Purses, Leather Collar and Cult Cases, Military, ^rushes, fine fitted  Handbags, Suit Cases, etc.     , ,   > . ���   ,,,    ,.o ''  ���  , , i i  CLUBB   &   STEWART,  Telephone 702 309 to 315 Hastings St. W.  il70 Cordova Stv Vancouver.  . We reach wherever the malls  T  reach.   '  i 9  ��4 �� * 4>^-t���-4)*y,t,.. 4)^:--^9'-���99  advanced among them announc- signed for hen rsnccinl U'liclil >s  ed themselves mote than satis- gotten up manv will not aUcnd it,  ficd and predicted gic.at things that |mt .nsieid mav be found "lounging  thc new party vvouid accomplish in around the gin mill," as Jlr Folev  the ne.\l few yeais The only ones puts it. They arc treated no better  vvho murmured at all were a few so- than tbey deserve lo be, because thc��'  eialisls, but all thought that they  were level-headed men and would at  once icali/c that thc great work of uniting ilie lorci'S of workingmen was'  paramount to all othei issues at the  present lime, for which a progiessivc  platfonn was agiccd upon The Independent was the onlv paper at thc  time on thc coast that upheld this  work and because it was unflinching  m its /cal for unison ol action by  workingmen lathci than tinning its  whole jLilc'ition 1o socialism 01 supporting cithPi of the old patlits.a svs-  lematic c.imp?.ijrn of villilication and  -nocking was at once stalled acainst  ���t and the piovincial piogrcssive par-  iv, with thc rcs"M of the spectacle a  _JiUIc ovcr a week ago of Chus Kolcv  Withdrawn!): rrom the local branch  The socialists pnned with the liberals  and conservatives in its opposition to  thc progicssivps Thi'P united rallying cry was that lhe pl.ilfoims of the  P. P. P , the tones and the guts  were as like us tlnee peas in a pod,  and therefore there was no use for a  will not turn out to support candidates ol their own class The night  on which Jlr Kolcv spoke there were  no less than 11 political caucauses'be-  ing'held in the interests of the old parties, whicli they (the vvoskincmcn) so  louillv denounce, and which weie all  attelided by workingmen themselves  The meetings of the primal ics that  selected delegates to the libcial convention were well attended and tnaelc  up ot ^workingmen, moiiy ol whom  holding the views of (he labor unionists and socialists, supporting candidates pledged to tne libcial party of  (iaiiada���the party that has broken  its pledges . legarcling the Chinese  question    and     thc alien laboi  la"',  cle ,   A provincial election is in sight  Time aie to he live nieiiibers elected  by this constituency. The conservatives have promised thai they will  icserve a place on their ticket foi  two or three labor men, the libcial  party has done likewise. A large  numiicr of would-be lalior candidates!  if  ,<>  n  <>  n  n  n  ft  n  n  o  <>  n  <>l  ���<l,  III'  CHRISTMAS ANNOUNCED lONTS  IN THE DAILY TAPERS MAKE  EXCEEDINGLY JNTERESTING  READING.  GEO. E. TROREY,  ', ;:    ft a-        i. ' * �� '"  Tbe Jeweler -and  Diamond  Merchant  COK. ORANVIliLE1 ANntlASTINOS STEELTS.   "7  Official Watch Inspector'of the C. IP. K.    '       '  ������������������������� �������������������������<������������������,  An old lady vvho borrowed her  ncishboi 's soap kettle for twenty-  !iVc )cars, and when .she got one ,of  hei own, decided that in future 'Alio  would neilher lend nor borrow Certain alleged socialists say it is all  light 11 unionists become "class conscious" and ,|oin their party, but in  future there will lie no "fusion" and  no "trading ", ln other words the  unions will be.worked in the inteiest  of the socialist paity, and thc rallying erv will l,e to introduce politics into the union.  Then on this score it is also  all right for old parties to work the  unions. The no-politics-in-the-imion  trades unionists don't believe in  ihis kind of thing, bui, they do believe in taking a hand in politic on  the outside of the union thiough a  propci ly organized vvorkingman's  narlv.  �����:��?K-��)K��y��)K��)f/s��K��)K'��^^K'��#  ABATABLE  OPULAR  Thousands  are using  $ nothing else but CLARI-  &FIEDAND PASTEUR-  | IZED MILK &;CREAM. ,|  f It giveos.health,^6trongth J  | and vigor. j  'Phone your order to  | International Ice  | and .Storage Co.  of hun ylng uliout. buyinj; Lifo Infuranco ho many men think and Bay. At  tenst .two Htrong rooioim ,at^:���lood health la yi\cartalii; increased C/Oat la  ceitnin. Wliut's thc uho ot wlilting might better bo saidt '  '-  .     oh;qn vutuMi R^uo-ips ,        ���,  nuiy bo depended u()Qn to profxt throughou,t tho varying experiences of  human lifo, to faithfully guard Uto intcrqs'ts ot tt\o , Itmured, and to be  promplly cashed when they hecomu payublo. Values and privileges abound  and   ara   comtnlbntly. available.' Detailed Jacts -gladly furnished.  After three years tlio Union Mutual Policies do not becoino void by failure  to -pay |ireml\niis, the Main Non-For(eltui;o Law without action of,tha  I'd Icy-holder, continuing tho Insurance for a Specified length of time.  Union Mut^ai Lifefnst?ranceCo  PORTLAND. tMAIN3E.v     "������    ; I'ncorpWAted 1848.  ' Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W.', Vancouverj B.,,0,  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager,  COLIN CAMEItON. Special Agent.' -   ��� - 1 i  Commercial  Phone 415.  Gore Avenue.  ���^������(���^^^^���^���^���^^���^���^���^���if;  PHONE I220A.  Wc aie pleased to aiinotniLC thc  caniliclaltirc of Jlr Win (icorgc as  school uiisk'c for 15)03 He is avriy  estimable man nnd an old resident  of Ihis city Wc Wish him every success. Mr George is an honest woik-  mc; i��.tn and IiirIiIv respctlcd hy all  who Know lnm.  In sonic places on the Anieiican  side the unions have gotten up "la-  hot" fairs, thereby causing a revival  in lhe movement Vancouver is big  cuoiifili both in numbers and spirit,to  ficrup-a"biR"',Iab��r ,_or"inilus1ml"  fair    Then ������hv not make a move'  A MKItUY CHRISTMAS TO ALL  Patronize the  Blue Label  BRANDS  Cigar Factory  NEW WESTMINSTER.  JOE DIXON,  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.1  All kinds of work In this line promptly attended to.  The ballot ii thc only weapon with  which wc cun fight capital.  To use that wo��|ion intelligently we  must know something ahout the industrial evolution  Head Collectivism. Cloth, SO cents,  liajicr,  25 cents **  COHNKU   HASTINGS   AND     CAMBIE  STnEETS.  VANCOUVER.  Now, niodprn and strictly first-class,  good san^plo rooms; (reo 'bus. Week  days���breakfast 7 to J.0 a. in., lunch  12 in. to 2 p. ni., dinner, C to 6 p. in.  .Sundays���Breakfast, 7 80 ,to 10'8O a.  m., lunch 12 80 to 2p. m., dinper, 5*SC(  to 7*30 p. m. Kates ?2 and .upvar^lB  per day. HAYWOOD & .PRESCOTT,  Proprietors.  JM Doagall House  310-312 ABnOTT STRF.ETl VAN^Oa-  VEU, B.  C.  Restaurant and Bar. Breakfast C to  10, merchants' lunch 11 to 2, 25c; dinner S to 8, 20c : lunches put up. eastern and Olympian oyster!.; short orders a sjiecialty at alt f hours;  menl tickets f*t; heht 25c. meal in the  city.     D. BURTON, Proprietor  Meeting.  F. O. B.���VANCOUVER ADRiE, Np. ��,  meets -Wednesday ,evenlng8; vtsltloj;  brethren welcqpie.   Bert /Parsons, j!kf.  P.: J. a. TJre. W. S., Arijide. '  The"  319  SEYMOUR   STREET.  VER.  VANCOU-  Having tho only up-to-date grill room  in British Columbia, which in itself is a  guarantee of a ftrsuclahs hotel and restaurant Viiblnchs Men's (JjUNOH. from  12 in. to 2 80 p. m , only '25 centH. -  530 Westminster Avenue.  ^orks  Importer* and Bottler*  GORR AVR.   'T.HONE 78?.  ,  ���   -r���/'  C. Ellis, coiner Cusibio and Cordova  streets, is tliu place wliere ��� you *���. gel  your linii cut in au artistic manner.  Ibe $ar(m_oraI  CORNKIl   COltDOVA   AND   OARRALL  STREETS.   VANOOUVER.  Makes a specialty of |Dewar's ispeflal  Ihjucur, also Utlior's b!a��k label liqueur  whiskey, ,Largo btock of imported and  domestic cigars. Finest billiard and  pool tables R.     B.    UULL1GAN A.  CO..   Pioprietors.  THERE IS  NO   DANQ��K  -"/!' i.'i A- ���;. i   ii'.'H .'fM'S.i"  of 'Fire or lajurv  Health when you ,usf  '-die' '"'���"'     ���     ������'  ELECTRIC  ""iimi  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used. f��l!vays  used. Apply at Office .of  ' " ''    '    ' ���  "  "   1  'LTt>f\  .Cor. Cdrrall and Hastings  Streets.  saeoopeeoeeoeeeeofli  SSELBCIOli&.WSiNE  J(ADE-EICLI*��|VKI,Y TEOlTB^C. FBDST.   .-  ��N1��ER'$ SHOE STORE  032    GRANVIIiLE    STREET,  Carries a full line of  UNION LABEL SHOES,  The   Ijnlon   Label   guarantees ,falr  wages nnd good workmanship.  No scab labor.  From Their nanalmo, boulhfic.d and  Protection Iilmd 'lolllerlM,  Steam, Mas and  House Coa!  ). i  ���  .  * *  Ot the Following QnAan:  Doubt* BowiMd IfUmp,  Run' of tha Mln*.  Waib��l -Nut and  Bor����niaa��  BAMUIUi M. EOBINS, Sopertntendent  BVAKS, COLEMAN & EVANS, Agonto,  V��no��iTerClty, B.O.  FKLSH CUT FLOU'BIie   ONION MADB  * _        DOMESTIC CIGAK8.  9        When malrtuK a (rln around the  �� Park ull on \  j W..IK Jones %&*r  10 .oesa^oiDoooooooooeoaag  X'MiiE^&imMM,  nnd  ir4MLm\TQ$L-  Worlds  Scenic  LOWEST RATES.  it  BEST SCKYia  Triia  Transcontinental     Paoscngcr  leaves dnlly at 14 o'clock.  Seattle and Whatcom Express leaves  dally ut H'SO o'clock.  STEAf..KIIir.S  I '       *  EMl'UKSS OF  EMI'KISHS or  TAUTAll  ...   .  TO   .1ATAN  ANII  CHINA.  CHINA  INDIA  .   ore   i  .. nre. vs*  . .IAN.   IM  TO  1I0N(*LULU. ,1*7JI  ISI.ANUfi  AUSTRALIA.  S.S.     AOHANOI  S.S.  MOANA   ... ,  HIOWBltn '   A fill-  I-.  ,HKO  ���\M*    "  ...ith. a  And*every, four,jveeks ther"nttcr.  f9or.(uII,parjU'qulars���as ,^o, t.lcoc,, r�� v��i  etc., apply tp    ���        .      '    ' J    '',  Bl J. COTLHt JAB. SCI��ATF.n  (;A-, G.ip.'A, , .Ticket Aw>.i'  VuoonTer, B C.    US Ha��tln>rv t'c  Vcncouvcr. ltd ,.*.-SATURDAY, DECEJJBEB 20, 1902  THE INDEPENDENT.  .1  P. O. BOX mK.  'PHONE in.  *\  ���>     i  TUCKET CIGAR C$ ippj^ JU^EL qG#RS  *^razkdai  MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA, BOUQUET,  �� ���x,SU5 8PECIAU,'  l"'T,*ELiuSTILU>, '  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZiSOB, SOAlLLER,  UNION MADE CIGARETTES': rKARNAK AND VICTORIA CUOSSl  Corner Alexander Sjr����t and Co.ti-abla Aypijce, Vumni, fl. p.  EH^BBHHHBBBSBHHflHBH  �����������  For Qood Reliable  i*\  v.*  oofs  Shoe*  GO TO  tt. MIU-S, Tb? Stipe ^n.  iiKiFrwooi).  " c   - *���   7  BY LUD VERNON.  /Pieces ol individual opinion washed up  by the tide, doomed, sawed, split and  piled for tho iicnent of paid-up subscribers, alio 'for' tlioto who beg, borrow and steal tho independent in order that they may read and forget  their troubles for a time'at least and  enjoy a few minute's whilo camping on  -earth where so many people nro willing to givo you a kick antl where so  few olTU to extend a helping hand.  Inspiration,   like  rcomcs unexpectedly.  death,     always  devil, .so lo -speak, the best portion  of then lives, and yet think they will  go to the loid 111 the wind up.  It is real nice to try. and raise the  blind in your hath room, have it run  lo the top, stand on thc window sill,  lc.ili/o you will have 1o get a ladder  and then diseoier the circus is passing by. ' " >  Learn to '   listen, and thus disappoint ' peeplc who want to go away  . and tell all you say.  The  man   who    can   say 110, and  stick'to it, will find it of no more  ���use in Vancouver than to be able to  ; ialk Latin.  "Club life for won.-mi," the press  quotes Mis' Robert .1 Buidettc as  saying, "(its thein to be good wives  and mot hers " Yet thc best wives  and mothers (he, world has ever  known weie not club members.  1  lt makes a man awful mad tb have  to change his trouseis and then remember that he has only one pair of  .suspenders.  'tt *   , **-v     *    -,--\ *~''t**- *^~  We know of some professional fun-  -eral mouincrs, but we know also of  'a",woman, whu-can famt .when the occasion demands.  -~���~-*    _ . 1  It js uaually amusing to watch thc  antics of some people who 'wish to  1 break into     the ranks of "society."  It's too funny for anything.  Theie are many old people who al-  - -ways live in the past     Tliey are always boring people with a lot of experience that doesn't interest    .  Santa Claus has discaided thc old-  fashioned sleigh.   It is reported   he  ���fhas purchased the latest style of vehicle to travel in this year���the automobile.  Between thc people who want to  get on a ciowdcd stieet cat and the  ones who wi-.li to gel oil at a crossing there will Ibe iniirclei committed  -some day  It is very seldom that you     hear  -of an old woman Killing in lote with  a young man, but it is an eveiy clay  occurrence for  old -fool  men  tc   fall  111 love with young gnls  We nevei have much faith    in the  -flass  of people who have served the  f    THIS BRAND    |  .0  Aft  .yft  4  "ft  19  '.i9  Is a guarantee of good workmnn-  Hhlp.   Our Overalls will outwent'  any others, and .will kcop thslr  uhnpe to the last.       '  Ask your denier for them.  -THK-  .,,_     A..It. Lccper, of Owancco.tlllinois,  MAW'&BIOCK^INNIKO.^N. .����� ������ |,tarte(,' a ' apw ca���C(, thc Lu>:  jft The Pioneer Unlon^erajl Fa.> | atie ,Hcrald, designed for circulation  ��3�� -���.-'.      '        . _. ft among  the .. lunatics    In his saluta-  y-*.09&��9?9>*����99099Qft90~9ft I tory, he, gays ,-that he .has :the ,bcst  The maionty of young girls whose  parents aLC 111 moderate circumstances, aspire to conflncrcial life.  When they ha%c finished their schooling they''\--aht to acquuc shorthand  and typewriting','and not one in'fifty  evei- realizes the goal of their ambition.  A Vancomci gnl is eating health  food for breakfast, taking , electric  tieatinenl, trting all sorts ot athletic spoils and doing all she can to,  develop' her strength in order that  she may be able to carry one of the  immense sized fui muffs in style this  winter, and weai one of those 50-  pound fur boas  Somo people have a qucfcr idea of  a'good tune Louis llartman, a New  York ti aiding man, who shot (land  killed Rose Violette and then himself, in the (licit Xoithcin hotel,  Chicago, ate a StO supper befoie doing il Think of enjoying champagne, lobsteis, a salad, and coffee,  with a ievnl\er 111 one's pocket ready  to use when the suppci was finished  The sweetest eMsteiicc is hoping,  hoping ball oui lives and 111 anticipation Some people hope to go to  heat en, sonic hope to catch the paper cat ner and gi\e hun a lecture  101 not leaving the paper the other  clay; some people hope to have then  house rem, 1 eaily for the collector,  and so on and so on It would be a  miseiable wni Id indeed without hope  Kai as hope is concerned wc hope as  haul as anyone eau Wc will ,tell you  why* K\erv month wc iiuy a lottery  ticket. Th,s has been our practice  for years We nevei draw anything,  but wc take a gieat deal of pleasure  in hoping thai lightning may strike  us, aiiiUt!iat-\\e-\vlll-gcl-the=capital  pn/c and Ine in clover for' thc balance of our lives  At Newark, New .Iriscy, cloctois  tiled to cine a ease of pentonitis by  tutting oul all of the patient's intestines. The operation was "successful." That is, lhe man died In New  York, ,1 * shoit time ago, doclois  sewed up a woman's heait with the  saiiic icsult, Sonic time ago, a man  li.id a nightmare, in an cast0111 city,  nnel claimed he had swallowed ln,s  [filsc teeth. The X-ray was applied  and the teeth.were located. Tlie\ cut  lnm open ami lie died, and the teeth  weio aftei winds found under llie lied  If a man has a pain and a doctor is  passing, he should brace up and conceal II. In I lus passion for suigery,  it will be only a question of lime  when cloctois will clilorofcrm every  tired looking man on thc,(strcct, aud  look for something to cut out to  rest him ��   >"      ,  record''iu the country' as'a fifstrCl&sii  lunatic, 'having been declared insane  three times and ��� havifig ��� been ' coiri-  milted-fiVe times to the Illinois Central Hcspilal"' Ior the Insane.'' He 'is  also about to take 'a post '.graduate  course. Therefore, he has' 'decided"'to  issue-a thirty-two- page illustrated  monthly 'ma'ga/.inc', aiuf will push' its  circulation with insane zeal in' every  lunatic asylum in 'the world. The  paper will -advocate amendments to  the lunacy laws of thc various states  and will strive lo counteract the prevailing' sentiment that it is a disgrace to have been insane. The ' declaration ends as follows: "A foci  never goes craxy or gets baldheadcd.  Subscription price, SI per year 111 advance. Single numbers, 19 cents. A  first class advertising fncdium."  TIIE COUNTRY    SCHOOL MARM.  Tins is thc time of year when   the  gentle country 1 scliool inarm    walks,  saddles up the pony, or harnesses up  old'Dolly to the'buggy    and    rides  nway to   tiie    litlle   school    Iiomsc,  thcic to do her share in the work of  manufacturing future   premiers    and  aldermen.    Hers is a noble mission.  All hail to thc country school marm  and her sisters in thc village!' Out of  a handful of freckles, a shock of hair  and a spirit invincible she will work  wonders.   She will take    a medium-  sized kid with a wart on    his nose  and a slant in his eye, and a quid of  tobacco in Ins mouth, and with gentle smile and arl persausivc    make  that kid her slave for the rest of the  term.   She will   make him so thoroughly ashamed of himself that    he  will wash the hide off of    lus fate,  trying to   get   down,to the original  white, and wear his eyes out of Ins  head in a wild attempt to stand at  the head of his c ass.       Out of the  most unpromising material she ' wi^l  make useful,    law-abiding     citizens,  who will be an honor to the country  and      a    living    monument    to her  memoiy.    All honor    to    "the hand  that tocks   thc    cradle," but   we'll  sing for, thc hand that    gripes    the  youngster   by the collai    good     and  prods him on in wisdom's road nor  lets him 'backward squirm.  WAITERS AND WAITRESSES.  On Friday, the 12th inst, the  Waiters and Waitresses' union held  then semi-annual'election of oflicers  Theie was an unusually large attendance, and Messrs. Chas. Over, Jas.  Perkins and Ed. Ilernngton were 'reelected, by acclamation to the respective positions they have held during the last six months The othei  oilieers elected were Miss Annie Scuitto, recording secretary, Geo Bartlett, inside 1 guard, J Rossiter, 111-  spi-ciii, .1   Scabold, chaplain  Yanous matters of inteiest were  discussed, and two delegates weie  jjlistusscd.'ii and two delegates were  appointed to visit all lhe local unions, ,with instructions to piesent  each one with a list of thc fair and  unfau houses, as many union men  have been seen, of late, passing in  and oul of certain untair houses, notably a Chines!* restaurant on Water  st'icl  (���real satisfaction was evinced at  the viclo'> achieved by oigam/ed laboi in thc .recent telephone strike,  and all members of the union wish  the "hello girls" eveiy success But  indignation and many regiels were  c\pressed when it vvas repoited that  two voting ladies, foimerly members  of this union, had joined the band  o fii'ialc'. vvho (to ,usc a dcligln-  fuiiv ei'plioncous term) scabbed , At  a later dale their names will probably be published foi the benefit of  all good unionists  Befoie the meeting closed it was  decided unanimously lo assess all of  the union 20 tents pci capita foi  the  bcncfit-of-thc-tclcphone-sli ikers    I'i fi.tuie this uni.m w. 1 hold st>  meetings everv two weeks, instead of  weekly, as herctofoic The new rule  will date from Dec  12.  PRESS A'.CNT,  Waiters  and Waitresses'  Union  ifmw&  Unfaa Directory.  THB     VANCOUVER -TRADES    ANX>  Labor Counoil' meets   orst and third  999  999  Thursday In .each .nymth, at fXt. 9.  President, _W, 1. Ltmrlck: vtae^prcslde. .  F. 3. Russell; secretary, T. H. Cross; ffe*-  andal< secretary, 3, T. Wiley: treasurer,  C.. Crowder; . sergeant-at-anni., ,C. .J.  Salter; statistician, J. H. Browne.  .AN UNUSUAL OPPORTUNITY  ::-i     ���������-���. ,o*    i'":���.' mf:/ ->\-y\-  486 Regular Stock Price Suite, $18, $20,  '" '"  "���'   $?3"'qiMl &25 at  $ I SOlll EACH  After negotiating for some time with our wholesale tailory in Montreal for this: lot at> bur own1  price, \ye'got"-them.'''' Result: They, are here fresh  from the tailor's bench, as carefully,tailored "as those  macfe to order. . .........  Cannot be duplicated in made-to.order for less  than $3p:0Q.       -.>,,.-;  Suits themselves are proof of this assertion.  Tweeds, Serges and Worsteds.  Not one nian in~ a hundred that Fit-Reform  can't'fit. ��� ������ >        -    -'--���' '   ���"  Sizes scientifically graded. ��  Free alterations, and money back if dissatisfied.  SHIRT WAIST AND tAUNDRT  , WORKERS UNION, No. 105-Meeto  e\ery 2nd and 4th Thursday in each  month In Union Hall. President, G. W.  Rowlands; corresponding* secretary, H.  Alltrce, 1027 Richards Strict; financial  secretary, Miss M. whitman; treasurer,  Miss Jeolouse; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, Q. XV Rowlunds, J. Hbi-  gie,.W. McOermott and I. J Collhurt.,  WAITERS AND WAITRESSES UNION,  'Local No. 28. President, Charles Ovtr;  vice-president, A. N. Hcrrlngton: secretary-treasurer, J. H. Perkins. Meetlns  every Friday evening at S30 o'clock ln  Union Hall, earner Homer and Dunsmulr  streets. .**,  1  STRDET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  <\ich month in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and-HastlnfB Street  at s p. m. President, Robt. Brunt; vlce-  jiicxMent, Chas.. Bennett;, secretary. (A.  II. Ptny, 33 7th Avenue; .treasurer, P. C  O'Briciv: conductor, .Ed. Manning, warden, A. J. Wilson; sentinel. J. >Howes;  delegates to Trades and Labor Council:  C. Bennett, Robt. Brunt, Geo. Lenfesty,  A. J. Wilson and J. Howes *        i  < .  'CN1T&D- BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS! and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday-In Union  hall, .room No.-2. President, A. E. Coffin;  vice-president, Joseph Dixon; recording  secretary, Geo. .Dobbin,i financial secretory, J. M. Sinclair; itrensurer, 3. Ferguson; conductor,'G. .Klngley; warden,\G.  H. Blair;, delegates to the Trades and  Labor council, R. Macpherson, 3, M.  Sinclair, Geo.. DobMn,_-Jaa. DJxpn. Geo.  Adams; delegates to-the Building Trade*  Council. M. McMullen. Levi G ���DeWolfe.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OP BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, No. 161 ���  Meets the. first and third Monday In each  month at 8 p. m,*ln Union hall, Homer  street. Jfresldent, Robert Gray, financial  secretary, Georgo Nesbltt, 1207 Homer  street; recording secretary, D Robinson,  box 37, Vancouver, B C , delegates to  the Trades and Labor council, William  Latham, D. Robinson, R  Edwards,  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No 113. W.  F. M., meets- every Saturday at 7 30 p.  m. In .Forester's Hall, Van Anda President, John D. Fraser, vice-president, J.  XV. Austin; secretary, Alfred Rapcr;  treasurer, A. G. Delphton conductor,  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry patte��-  son. ' * "  CIGARMAKERS'' UNION NO 357���  Meets the first Tuesday ln each month  In Union Hall. President, C L Kuhn;  vlcc-jjresldent, C Pai sons* secretary, J.  C. Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson, sergeant-ot-  arms, J. Schuylmeyer; delegates tor  Tindes and Labor Council, J Crow, C. L.  Kuhn and John Mlllan,   THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION*  meets ln O'Brien's Hall, the first an4  third Tuesdays of each month. D. McLean, president; W. J Lamrick, ����cr��-  tary, 248 Princess street.  333 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B. C.  Self-Measurement Blanks and Samples on Amplication.  Mall Orders Prom|itlY Attended to.  3_��OWflOT>8P��<Bflgmoj0i  production a tol.il oi 12,706 persons,  and paying a , total of ��621,751 in  wages, stated that tliey had allotted  to or fot the benefit of their ein-  plovccs thc sum tif ��3J,U2;i out of the  profits of the yeai Tins amounts to  about ��2 Hs pet head of the persons employed, and to 5 4 per cent  on the wages paid  W LABOR ORGANIZES.  SPIRST OF CO-OPERATION.  In I III) I Ktin'isli uo 0|)(!i-ili\c societies owned and i en loi no liss than  l,2-i7 houses, built and'' sold ,1,700,  made advances to,inenilicis foi build-  j nu;, 1(1,082, nud expended oi ad\.iuccd  foi these 21,0.)'l houses ovei .3r>,(i50,-  UOO  Out of a total of ��13,200,7(11! ot  pioduction in lliil.un in 11101, ��1,-  72'),73(1, or 35 8 per cei|t. wits produced by T22 lelnll distributiM' societies, that employed 10,610 prisons  ot 11.8 per cent of the total employees engaged m production In  ICm;land and Wales 519 societies produced-��3,277,062, 170 produced ��1,-  450,951 in Scotland, and three produced -��1,123 mlieland.  'OPthc ,1,020 ljfrltisli workmen's co-,  operative societies of all classes making rtturns in   1901,    employing   in  In accordance with Nthe law ot  cause and effect, every effect must be  the result of a cause, and as a logical sequence, the effect produced must  be in direct propottion to the elhei-  ency of thc cause  What then wc might ask, is thc  cause, oi rather series of causes,  which has led to thc wonderfully increased growth of otgani/ed laboi in  recent years' That this increase has  been phenomenal is a mattci whicli  admits of no doubt  Chief ami ng those causes, unquestionably, is the bnth of new economic conditions, cieated bv those  combinations   of   capital   known   as  1802 were 2,770, by 1896 they had  fallen to 1,384. Then began a steady  and rapid increase, and in 1902 there  were 14,033, or moie than ten times  the entries for 1896 The immigrant  arrivals were 67,379 for ' 1902, as  compared with 1(!,S35 for 1896.  I BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTEHfl AND.  j - DECORATORS, Local Union .No. 1��.  Meets Ind & 4th Thursdaj In. Labor Hal&-  President, W. Pavier; vice-president, W.  Halliday; recording secretary, E. Crusb,  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, a. Gothard, 822 Howe street, traw-  urer, H, MeSorley. '  INTERNATIONAL BEOTHERItOOt> OS*  Electrical Workers, Vancouver Local,  No. 211���Meets second and fourth Tuesday  In each month in Union hall room No. 4.  President, Geo. Cowllns, vice-president.  R. P. Irwin; recording secretary, A D.  Hotson, 695 Richards street, financial  secretary, John Dubberley   AUXILIARY. NO 1, LOC\L 213 I IJ.  D W Telephone Opi'iators���Pio<-!<Icnt,  Miss J Iluntci, 812 Homer stieet, vice-  picsidont, - Mi--s F. Liwngntone, CBO>  Orunvillc Street; n.corillng-��i.crctury.��,  Miss J. Browne, 827 Riclmi ils Street; -  treaburer, Miss E Bnitley, 1121 Seymour Street  RETAIL CLERKS.  tiusts The) have, by inci easing the  ctst of living and at the same lime  Keeping wages stationary, if not re-  duiiiig tbem, compelled the working  man to seel, protection in organization They haw* awakened lnm from  Ins pleasant slumbers of suuiiU,  thev hate taught him. that unilv of  elloit is utally essential to Ins well  being, aye, that it is essential lo Ins  w'i> existence as a free man���.lames  Lynch, Mellows Falls, Vt  CANADA  Tiie fust, laboi   union     in  HoMcra  Canada i(imposed esclu.snely "I women hns been organized at. Moil real  Tlic,cliaitcr, which has     been i.uen  out fiom the bin ted Garment Mork  ers, contains over 60 names  An attempt is being made lij tiie  "grit" machine at Hamilton, OM.,  to put Sam Landers, the cotmspoiid-  cnt of the Labor Gazette, out -f h's  job for charging the^lanulton Tunes  with being unfair,to ornnnizcd labor1;  Organized f labor all over Canada' is  watching this nutter  Evidence ,of the Agrqwtli of Canada  is to be found'.in ,hpntcstead ", entries'  and arrival ,.of immigrants, which' in'  The Retail Clerks' International  Protective association met in O'Brien's hall on Tuesday, 16th mst ,  with a very fair attendance considci-  nig the lime when so many are working late preparing for Christmas  Two new applications were received  and read ,*  Four candidates were duly passed  and initiated  A committee were appointed to  make a cant ass of the city in thc near  future to intcn lew all i ctail c crks  .n legards to joining thc association  I'ftcty union cleik carries a caid  All unionists please ask fot this  when making your purchases  JOimNEYMrN MAKERS' AND CON-  rnCTIONER.S' International Union of  Anienca Local No 10, Vancouver, B.  C , meets first a-ul thud I'liuisdny irA"  each month President, J' Bav-ter, vic*-  prcsident, J Ingles, recording secretary,  r XV Hurtle flmincml secietary, M.  MacLean 21G0 Wostminstci Avenue,  Mount Pleas mt coiies^ondmij scuctary.  .T Webster, 2S44- Westminster Avenue.  Mount Pleasant, treasiirei,   1    Wilkinson.  JOURNEYMEN UAUBERSt' INTERNATIONAL Union No 120���President.  Prod Hawe, \ne-piesidonl, J A Dib-  ilcn, corrLspoiultiig-Iiiianunl secretary, J-  A Stcn-irt, 51 Conlma St. ruordcr.  W llaukms tiui.siitcr, G llower guide.  A 1) Legtttt guarilmn, A )"> Anderson, delegates to T &. L Council, l*rert  Hawe and J Oilman fleets first and  tliml Wednesdays ol uu h month in Union Hull  TIIB-CIIURdn-AND T1IR-T01LKK  Recently the Rev. George L Mc-  Nutt in an address at the National  Bible conference at Warsaw, Ind ,  said in cflcct that there was no  church for the laboring man, or no  plate for lnm in the average church  in modem cities He said also that  he knew fiom experience that wag'*-  earners in shabby clot lus were coldly  teccived at most churches and tl.it  wage-earnets had no p.ut In the management of aii\, churches ���iir Uu>  missicii chuichcs which he rci'iUd  as i fi anils.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS I. *1 HA OF  Amenta, No ITS���AIccCs lust aid  thud Mondays in room No 1, Un on  hall President, C Wlinlin vice-president, P Logg, recording secietaiy, F.  Williams, 1811 Seventh avenue W, financial secretaiy, T Wood, tieasurer,  W W Toombs, sergennt-afc-ainis, T  lluthews .  BUlLDIUtS.      LABORERS'    l'EDERAZ.  Union,       No      d'2      Vancouver���Mectt  fiieiy-!'1 lim si! i> coning at 8 o'clock,-in���  loom No   1,  Union     hall Piesident,  Pred Collinb, secretary, 11 Sclleis, Western Hotel, delegates to Building Trades  Council, II Sellers, Chi Is l'olev and  John  Sully  UNION RAKEIRTE8  W. 1). Mulr, Mount Pleasant.  ,Robt. McDonald,    Avcnuo    Bakery,  Westminster avenue*.  Montreal Bakery,  Westminster avenue.  P. Adams. Scotch Bakery, Hastings  sfreot.  W. D. Kent, BG Cordo\a street.  Toronto Candy Company,    Cordova  street.        - ,  J  Oben, Hastings street (  MInchen -Co., GranvW street  .Baraiwell Bros., Granville street  ���*S. A. Townlejr, Granville'-street.  VANCOUVl.K   TYPO(.UVPII'(;AL   union. No   220, meets the fouith  Monday'In    each     month    nt    Union   Hnll J  President,     C      S    Cniiipln'll    vici*-|ircm-  dent,     H      W      King,  secretin y,   S    .1  Goiliiiid,  P   O   box dG   ticasiiiei,  Oeo.  Wilbv    scrgeiuit-nt-iiinis,   A    r    Ainolil,  uscuitivc coiiiiiiiitic   W   11   Hunt, c;   n  Pierrott    W    Biiind    Kohl    Todd    doIi<-  gates to Truilos nml   1 nlior  Cnimril,   W.  llriiinl. S   ,1    Ootliiinl. p   VI   ypu |or  IN I'KRNATIONAI.    ASSOCIATION .  of Machinists��� Heaver Lodge, No  -1-82.���Meets second and fourth Monday in each month in Union hall.  President, Oeo p Downey, past  president, .1. R Kdw-tids, Mce president, II J. l.iltici, iccording secretary, J H McVety, financial sccro-  tary, J   Anderson   i  %  %  :   GEO. HAY   :  Vancouver'*! Pioneer    Clothes  Renovator, niakos a suit new.  Dyeing and Repairing. 5  i ' AfIA    \l -_       'l_ ^^T  'Vi  5 \\  tl  v^i  -I  M:.  i ���   !*.  .i-.K-  tfv -s 1  ���-tf i^ari^y>��>3t'I^TiiWhjMM|*JW^..^��l fBH.JWja,ij?..*  THE INUEl'ENDWT.  SATURDAY, DECEMBER* 20, 1902.  ���s  ml  ri;*  '���J -  WHO'S   GOING  TO  WIN THE PRIZE?  Vt ho \UU become the lucky winner of lhe handsome $300.00 50UTH SEA StAL  COAT now ou i*\Ubititm in our Kludou? Someone is i;uiug to get il���it i�� lis liable  lobe jou as mi} bod}. Nc-\i Wcdnc-duy will bring tlnistmiis K\e. That is the  evening ou tthiih Uie drawing lor the Com lakes place. i-omc prominent  bns.nc",s men will make the draw ing To enlitlu j uu to a chaiut >ou have but lo  M'cn.l a ilollar lure anil }uti get a coupon���two coniiouslor two dollars-three coupons fur three dollar imiclinse and so on. From nuu to Chri-uims is a mailer ot a  wn-fuw dnv* We will iinikolliese few ila)M'.\oceilliii,!} bus\ ones here b; otliei  liiilmeinciiisas well a*. lliuBjalbkiu Coal altrattlon.  LETTERS TO THC,EDITOR. .,-,.  (Successor to Scolt &> Kenned)) -  . ��  w  303 Hastings Street,       Vancouver, B. C.  |  ��������������������������������������������������������@&s��������^  uS/���S  P^** (��  C^Ov  ��s  r\p\  a* {-  Q  ayZtSB. . iWW>  ^   IS^n^^^y ~  &B  No Weak Spots!  ; V Our UNION MADE Shoes  from Canadian and American Union factories- are tlie  best in the lanct. . Men's,  Ladies' and Children's Shoes,  ; durable and stylish.  THK PATERSON MOE CO.,ID  301 Hastings St.  The special  committee, appointed  to  consider  the  report  oi J.  H.  Watson  '"���'late'.View-President 'for- B.'; C.   to "the  Dominion Trades and Laibor'-Congress,-  , lield  at Berlin.  Ontario,  in , September  last, beg lo report'-is'follows:  ,.'. The committee mot December 9, ViO'i,  ���'. and careCully . considered  :llie   report  "herein,   referred    to..   Tire    unanimous  finding of the committee was that the  -ieport as.) a whole deserves' condemna-  .'i-ion, in that; it. is found to be (1) un-  '-.trustworthy! as- lo  Us    statements of  ".: certain facts; (2) its advocacy of per ,  - riieioiis-and destructive principles; arid  ��� ,<3>'Jts evident .political'bias. , In proof  7 of these "charges we direct the attention of tiie.union to the following por  tlons of, the report.   And indeed we.i'ud*  ���vthat nearly the whole of the report is-  jpbjectlonubl-e from    it .' true    unionis  Mandi'ioinC ��� Jy  .-.. -o ���' ������������-- ���'-"*'*'      .'. ���        ���  ���    ���.-.-'   ..; i--. ������   ���:���   '���  ..,-,.:-Oh. paso.SS. (report of: Berlin--Con*-.  gress)  Xve -Arid -this .statement';!"There  V hie ;lpodies.of .carpenters! all .over 'the  .!-,Kootenays   wlio '-haive!   formed ������' locals  / -which-will have nothing;to,do witli th/  V international" Brotherhood/of! Carpen ,:  ters.or the Amalgamated/..Carpenters  yet because'Article.1, Section 3, of the  ..Trades and LabbreConsress. .Constitu  ��� lion  forbids Vthe  Congress  granting- a  charter; to these bodies of men they are  .'". going on .without one."., -The-plain/inference here is,* that according-td!'J.!H.  ;   Watson the1 ''Locals" in!the;Kootenays  '   (and elsewhere) are allrlght,. and. liave  .   betjiiVhiisused .byVthe I. B.  6f,C.  and  :ihe - Amalgamated; Association of Car-  ���penters. ..The; fact  is  tiie  members, ot  !.'these "Locals who will have nothing to  do'with -the I. B.! of C. or tlie*A.malga-  .; mated. Association of. Carpenters,".,are  /'scabs -ot the���:worst   kind. yTwo  .such  ''IfOcals" have been formed in.Vancoulver, one being a'body,of,carpenters, the  other of bricklayers.   They are notor-  ioius scabs, and!have been repudiated  by  the': Trades  and  Labor Council  of  .    this city.. .;After the foregoing extract  XV*H., Watson" Vthinks  -the ' Congress  -should  alter its/constitution so  as; to  / .grant, a'/'charte'r!,*- 'to ,, these   "Locals."  ,. .CommentP.ls unnecessary.    ,; ,:  7 On page-si) (Berlin! Congress report)  -it.is said that while Canadian union-  lists  pay,;-through  their respective  iri  , ternatlonal unions, a; per capita tothe  A. P.-of Ll, they "get no benefit" in return.;  This.we hold to be "a -direct-mis*  '/'statement.-. -.:.'        ,.-.":l-. '''���X'x'yX-  7, In  recent years,-we know -that -the  ���A. P. of L. has directly contributed to  ~ the funds of the Congress an equiva-  ' lent,- which Was  satisfactorily  agreed  ���*"���"upon by representatives of l>oth bodies.  ; '.In any case, however, by adopting Mr.  (Watson's proposal, the workers would  "J losei  more  than  they  would  save by  :&����������������������������S������������  I Tbe Salt  I of Life  is businosa. We want more of ��  i it. We'll uoi it if an out and out (��  i bargain will fetch it.  Mow li TH*  Atwo-quart -���'",  Hot Water Bottle  ���"���     . OT '  Fountain Syringe  AA i75c-Jiii'XX.  �� The McDowell, Atkins,: '���','���    ���,  Watson Co., Ltd. liability I  llp.f(HMTE DMJGGBIS.,       "yi ��  e��o����t��������������������s����^��<s��  m  withholding from the A. P. of L. the  'sllght-per capita lax demanded.  ���With regard ! to . -our' second ' charge  against the report, namely, that the  policy suggested Is pernicious, and it  carried out would disrupt our international unions, Xve beg to say that  here, as elsewhere, "union is strength;"  that)the interests of the workers are  identical in the United -States,' Canada,  Great- Britain or Germany; that capital, Vas such,; is solidly organized/the  world, over;'that it is united iivlts'de-  termlned effort to-put" down, and keep  down;* the workers, and consequently  the'.latter must be united In "their efforts! to,, betler the condition pf humanity, and any person \vho advocates  ���even in the slightest degree���a 'policy  oC disruption is.; a traitor to Vthe cause;  -The report therefore is/decidedly., re-  actlol'fary and'against.,the 'best senti-.  ���merits;'of organized labor..iri ;thls prov-  ���in.ce'.!*'-'c:-. '....:    y--ly ./.'-���  ; Third. The reasoiiv'of-.theinaccuracj'?  arid the pernicious policy suggested.in  the report Under review, we believe to  be. found hi the-evident political bias  of-the report., While'''ive,. as 'unionists,  claim to be; true Canadians,., loyal to  bur-country,,yet!we are convlnced.that  tlie cry. of "Canada for the Canadians",  should not be raised in this connection;  tli'a.t, in fact,-it is invented by;political  cabals!' arid .taken up-"'by.'- their" tag-rag  and bob-tail following, for the double  purpose of catchins'votes and breaking  ;ip'the trades! uiiloii movoirierit./The" po-  .liticai. bias, of ���the report Is further ;in-���  dlcated in tlie;-confitsed and confusiijgt  reference; to.. Smith.: Curtis .In; antagon-,  ism to, J.-Martin, or. 'vice versa, ..in the  13. C. Legislature.'���-'������' ;��� ���:,/:."'���    !   ,/.:  In concluding this report to the Journeymen Tailors' .Union of Vancouver,  webeg to make the. following'sugges-:  tions. to the Trades and Labor Congress  of-Canada to be, considered at its next  session:/,;.;',"'' /.���'.������'���,���,;:./���;���'  ;.i: Tlrat in future all! representative's  shall.-.be bona tide'-: workers, at ; their  trade, or calling'or salaried ofllcials ot  their, respective7 unions, 7de|Votlng all  their time to the duties of,sucli unions;  arid; that all civil servants, shall, be  specifically excluded. - !/ " -"!, '-..;',.!���' ;  :/2!: That: ail organizers shall be _ap-  pointed by the Congress not by!.its officers,; and ; shalb liold otilce.; from; session 'to session -unless; convicted,of  misdemeanor,!"when they shall,be suspended! by the general executiye.; : ./' ;;.  ; ��� 3.': That tlie.attention of the Congress  be called to a''resolution passed at the,  Montreal Congress, and;..reaffirmed- bj*  the Ottawa convention, containing thi3  clause: "That hereafter members of  labor organizations found on the platform and advocating the interests of  the old political parties be regarded  with suspicion, as decoys of the wage-  earners, and should be regarded as opponents of the advanced labor movement.". ��� / , ,!��� ,,-. '���[ : . .  All of which is respectfully .submitted./. ,;,- :���*'���'���''���.'��� '.!���.!/���:;/ '". ";'  .'������ ;P.Vw^I4iIAMS,,;;!-.-.������'���'',-������.';7  .'.';'"_;.'.!!.'.".'       .      'Chairman'-.of, Corii..  yy Ay i'ii-     - JOHN1 T. MOKTIMER.  -'   ;     ' J.  SAVAGE.  By resolution of Local 17S. J. T. U. of  A., the above report shrill be published  In the' "Western Socialist,"1 ��� the "Independent," and a copy sent to the  Trades and Labor Congress to' be considered nt Its next session'. .,; .  XF.- WIIiLIAMS,    ;-';;  Secretary TallprB' Union.  Telephone 1���2���5 fo,r a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables. /-���',/   ... :.-..  When you want to hire * Unrt-oIoM  hone axai baggy, go to.! the P��l��ce  llrenr atobles. Telephone 1H.:  .  AS TO I'UbLIC OWfVERSUIP. *  To tlie* tditor of Hie IM'I 1'lndi.m: '"���  <3lr) _ Considei able      tall:      over  wlut    appeared    in      some    oi   \\\e  Toiouto      and    Seattle    papers    lb  going     ftrouiul      .imong       worlang  people     in    Wuicouut     purporting  to   show  th.it   public ownership   in  (ihtsgoM   is  .i  f.uluie.   Any  set-back  that    tlu-   cause of public ownership  got in Glasgow ot  any ilcvelopment  of tlie situation thcic can be twistccl  to make it appeal that public ownership is not nilliUiiig llie hope of   its  advocates is cu-reily sought,    lt    is  iiittuial cnoutli that Ibis should.lie so  because   the   experiments   made by  Glasgow bid fair to disposcss private  ownership of profitable privileges in  oilier    cities .'throughout, -the'world,  in view V of the stalumeiits made in  the above-named papers I will quote  the'figures given'by the lord provost:  '."flic total revenue for the year endr  ing VMay ��� last/was- '$3,072,065'   "and!  the working expenses $1,465,730. Tlie  sum/of .$5511,7811 was set aside for de-  preeiation, leaving a gross* balance, ot  $1,046,550, of which -$481,575      was  paid to account of interest and sinking fund! $02,500  to the.1 corporation^  for general  purposes, and over   $500,-  Obll,aduc'(i 1n the reserve. The amount  provided tor depreciation-will keep the  service renewed    and'.. the! sii'm    put  to interest and sinking fund will clcar  tlie property" of all debt iii thirty-one  years." ..It will bcdiflieult jor, . 'tlie  champions of private "ownership'; to, so  distort these figures-" as. 4b- discredit  municipal:ownership..   Before the city  of, G las'gow we'it in to. tlie telcphorie.  business the private company charged  twice'"��� Ayliat;   tlie'-'iriimieipal. charges  were, and yet the municipality-makes  a few thousand dollars profit out   of  it. ; The gas.-and. electricity depart-;  ment met the rcfitiiremciits  of tlieir  sinking;-fund aiift laid,: aside $294,480  for. ���depreciation.     The./ American'  Contractor/, says Glasgow'has.    (Ict-  cided to boirow $3,750,000Jfor/Vjlie"  erection of houses ior;:tl;c,p66i:.. -It-  has    installed ', an' electric tramway  whiciiV/iriakcs, aV gross" jirofit' of /over  $500,000; yearly./."! Tlie .city ���'employ  40,00,6 people -farid'.possesses oyer J65;i-  000,000!   :worth:; of property." . ; Thp  safest argument!for opponents of pub*-'  lie1.^ownership; is".to! argue that no';  where but";iii,!''(ilasgpw,,caii alderriien  be * '������ found !coiripctcntVt6, administer^:  important! "municipal; properties.;,"If  .Vancouver; owned.siriiilar;public, utili-.,  !tiCo'-,'" "whu..   a'.'" change "!it! .would  make./. Vancouver- '.isVciititled to .'allV  these-V- /;7"V-*V ���VMACGtl.LKAINrK  Vancouver" B. c;, nec:.18,VIp62; :|_  cirjji**-boots ;Vfor.* '. <:i:..m'1:;terv;  XXX ��� ii CARETAKER/'. 'AAyi.A  To the Editor ol Tiie isBErEXCENi. / ;V,V>;! .  ! ���'-��� ^rr"^"iVitliVy6tii;_iiii-hiissloii 'i/'wish.  to" 'draw7 the /attention! of .thc/nttc-.  jiavcrs to, -the .matter; that" camcVtip!  ;at'-rtlie'city'c'puncii;iricctiiig last Monday "week, ;'ihe . SthViiist./when the' re-,  port of tlie health, committee" i-vias.  read; It w;as found :to!:contain,: "a"  rt'cqmineiidation ior two.pairs.of; long  boots: for/the. carctaU'cr "at'���'������ the "cemetery! /; *The'"adoption';pf "the! report!  was 7 iriovcd ; v by-: AW. 7:.J\IcG1ii-  gan and .'seconded, by 7!\id..'Fqreinan,  ���biit. V Vi'c/orc '-'it/was"!parsed!" Alii"  Wylie' moved "as '*an, "aineniimeiit that  the ciause. referring to"thc boots .be  struck out, 'and at; the same'",! tinic  drawing- the, notice of the council to  the fact that this inan sonic time ago  got free "feed ''forVlus.Jiorsc,/ and that  he'Could, not! uriderstaiuihotvit'iAvas'  tliat". he ^seemed ' to, ;get: all.he" asked  for/!, -Aid" ."Brown...;��� also /.protested  against!such a procedure.""However,-  the -amendment was" lost, iio oncV.vot-  ingfor it oiily Aid. Brown and .Wylie. Now,/Mr.;;Editor, T:contend, . as  a ratepayer,.,that this man should get  nothing' only! his salary of $65 V a  ���nvorith.j^d^j_j_^rissi__ta.rij______3.__X  it is quite' enough without buying him  'boots;../iaiid free feed /for his horse!  Only.a few weeks ago:this same,man  put in! a bill for $32. 'It'was proposed by Aid. McGuigan aiid seconded  byVAId. Foreman 'i'.that it be paid.  It was asked by Aid. Wylie what the  $32'was for, and the doctor said for  digging graves. If this be correct,  it's inost absurd, but I presume - it  was the first bill for the horse's! iced.  Another item of $600 came up, when  the report of the Board Works was  read, " for extra worft doiic on the  Cambie street bridge/ Aid.IMcQueen  and Brown asked Tor tlie engineer's  report on this matter beforo passing  the account. It was found that the  engineer could not get his' report,  hence that part of the committee's  report liad to be left overfor another  week. 'This is just another case like  the paying for 43 acre's of land; for  cemetery purposes, aiid a year later  finding ten acres short.?' I guoss the  engineer thought, that "the account  would be ���'���..-��� passed as"'usual without  getting any "particulars as to what  was done extra; on the bridge; it's a  nice way of squgnderingVthe ratepayers''money" but it"is onIy"anothcr in  stance of how our civic business is  cained on by .the present staff. When  Mr. Thomas was looking after the  cemetQry^ he nicther got boots nor  assistant, npr horse's feed free, but  it's quite evident this man is a favorite of the doctor's, fhe test oi  the aldermen for allowing the report  10 pass are just as much to blame as  AIcGuigan and Foreman. Thanking  you for space 1 am yours truly,  L. HARRIS.  Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 13, 1002.  (.Vote���Rclcrring 10 the matter oT  Uie cemetery caietakcr getting gum  boots and hoise feed fiec, it is nothing moie than right that he should.  Thi fact that picwous caretakers did  not get the same is no reason why  they were not entitled to this consideration. No kick should be made  against woricingmcii getting too big  wages for heaven knows *thcy arc entitled, to all they can get-.���Ed.)  ;-7 UNIONISM VS. SOCIALISM.  Sir,���As'we have.hcard a good deal  lately about: industrial unionism"01,  in- other words,, introducing straight  socialism in, the unions, would you  kindly, explain to nie the difference  between trades -unionism"' arid-'socialism?;. - "7 " ' -"/-"..NEW SUB'.,  ^Vancouver, Dec. 18, 1902. ;,"';-!'���  "(Note���Wc will'eiideavorto": explain,  from. -. our pciint'"' of 7 viewy but of  course;"expect! 'contradiction!, from  some.'of the "socialists, because theie  ari'7 two ! different socialist partics-  .(,1.) ."Unions' work.or ..fight, for ."improved-conditions "immediately- " fot  the! worker! by; purely industrial  methods which: require! for their successful op'cration; - and that' all wage-  earners.--regardless of thcir.polHics  are,eligible-for :iricml)crship."(2).:The  object" . of. the socialist: party: is! to  figlitVfor.the complete, emancipation  of��� thb wage-earning class and ,to. ..do  away -'-'witli-! capital is'i'n arid, adopt 7 a  system -vhereby : the ���;''cb-p'perati\ c  cqmmoiiwcaitli" as 7:enunciated'7. by  i.awrencp'CU-p'iinliiiid>-wiilVbc.'irislitut-  cd. !':Tliis;/is/ai"!largcr;.7:undcrtakiiig  than' the trades! uiiibns"arc:preparcd  to /talec/ iii 6iic."!iiimp.! ."/All" political  parties; promisebctter! conditibnr?foi  the workers;':But;frbrri'actual-experience ,it;.lias:bcen" found that the only  real -benefit*; so "far Vputained I has ;becn  thiough/tiio :pure;rand: simple trades  unionVV We7d6"not see"that"thc!aim  of'the socialists :inV'coriflioting"V-with  tliat'Vof iimoiiism^Thc onl)'.:danger  ailvociatingsociallstri/in; ; the" union,  as"w'e:sec:it,. would! beVwhcrc" thoVad-  yocittcijVqfVVtlieVtwo" socialist .parties  ���would; gctV-Viiitb- a"cbntroyersy"'and  (lisfupt'"thc!iiiiiPn theVsame-'as"would  iip.-'tlie case; if tlie"discussioii:of}libct-  aiism aiid cbiiscrvatisin"wcre/:ailpwcd  ^&i)iiiiXiX:iXX'XXXXXX;  I A FREE TRIP TO NEW YORK. |  J-' '       ���        \  ^_       'Itaplh's great guessing contest'is now on.    Tho person who guesses    2  V     tlio nearest, to tlio, number of beans in tho bottlo in our window gets a    ::  $:   itETunN Trip ticket to' new y6mc,     -    -   *  I  ONE 61ESS FOR EVERY DOLLAR YOl  SPEND HERE.  2 v    ,l>uy your heating btovo hero anttj then gucsi away.  I Wm. KALPH, 126 Hastings St. |  j ''   '     "' ' SOLE "AGENT X ' '"  n  \A �� Man's" Store  SThat is What Our I*  When we siiy "Man'h " ot course we menu tho litlln men and the jouths nml tho  j "grown up��." A "MimV store Iseiiiiiii'iitlyfittoil-^ms lo un���tnbU|ipl\ Just tbo  jnrilcieoi iirtlcles tlint would iilit'-liini" In the ����>��� of u-Clirlnlmns precent. Ami  j jou riiiinoi buy 11 thing ln ourstoro Unit is not usoful���something lluit 11 mini or  hoiuli or buy conld wenr und Most the donor for lliu Rift,  iN"ccl.��cnr, tunes Shlrth, Fauci  VeMs, faiispeii'lcrs, Ilnndkcrchlcfs, Hoto, Um-  brollaa, Underclothing, nn Oi crcunt, 11 Suit of Clothes, n Hut.       1 ���   ���', .  '    '���-one of thgso ui Holes 111 Ihlb list Mould bo moro thun appreciated.  ' JOhNSiTOlN, KERfOOT^C��.    ���'  ^ 104 end 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 127 Hastings Sti, 0|>|>. Wm. Balfih's.  ���".  PROTECTINGvlNEiyiPLOYED  /'In -tiio'.'city! diVGiicnt^aVcommission,  undcrtncVprcsidciicy-^^L^ywle^baii  jiistrcoinpleteci" its".firsj;'"year" mvthe  wiminisiratioii V'ofVliinds j/ihat./"weie  placed; at iils: disposal/by- tbe*!inunici-  pality -to provide! against^be misioi-  tuncs .61 iioii-cinploym'ciit.''..Tlio.;gcncial  oiijectvoE'! the; commission;-"istbe" assistance ot;workmen'but .cf,!cm'p.loy-  nient,:when tbey/arc^makingcyery c[-  rorton/tlieir partVto"secure " -work,  and Stlie--ciicouragemcivl/.voi/tra!dcr;uii-  ioiis:'tqVplaii for"!!!:insurancc "against  iion-ciiiployiuentV and .to//develop"* a  solidarity'within-tbcV/organization.  i'liis-experiment-,is,being. adop.tcd.!iii  b|her',Bclgian cities.---Qo-oi-cratpr./  ::���:���>"!���>':  We, tlio uiidersignedVliandle'tlic  onlvJJNIQxVMAM^JDlGAKETTES  made in Caiiitdn;l.KAKXAC,;W".C.  itndT.&B.:' iji '",-,  :-Vv|'H.G.7M66RfeV'V'V;'  '\';':7"|s./hARCUS"vV-v;;"  ':>!-;.';'-^;&.:W.vWEEks;:-,:-'^  W.J.IVfcMiHan&C6.  Wholesale Agents lor B.C, ./  Corner Alexander 8t. and Columbia Ave-  --.!*,    !;; Vancouver;*!!. C.!'7/:V"r:! *  r. 0. iiox,5oo.;' rnoNK, iio"  Don't forget to call  for Home-Cured....  Kiprcd Herring, Etc.,  Fnt up by  JAS. BROWN & CO.,  Piionb 30G.,     ,.   VANCOUVEK, B.C  We have now in stock a full lino of   the best Heating Stoves In the market  and have made a veiy low   pi Ice   on them to clear them out in a hurry.  COAL BASE BUKNEKb-, COAL. HOT DRAFTS, WOOD 'HOT DRAFTS,  PLAIN AIR TIGIJTS, CAST TOP AIR   TIGHTS, ETC., ETC.  dLennan,,  McFeely &> Co..  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 1003.  I Locks, and Latche$-^��> |  Y          Wc especially c.t'l \oi,r attention    io the fact tli.i1  our stock J  <J> and assortment of locks and latches,    Utitts,   Screws,  JC'upboaidr- ��  5_ tiiiiiiiiinqs,   -ll^,l  tiiimniiig , *.n fact all                         _ S  9. *  $ Hardware for Mouse or BSock $..  I  12;  9.  9.  X\'c have a conip't'te line   of the leading Anicric.ur-and fa,: disn   ^  goods and wc vill put y< 11 ne\t toi'^uahty, price au.l V'.nety.' t   *  Nothing add--! moie.to'il'.c appcatanco    and value-of a house   ��_,  than good, tasty inodcni triiiiimings J*f  4m���  We have them and believe jou want tbcm. ^  ;kv,*i  >9 ���   5-  339 Hastings-Street. %  S>��SX5X^a!^X��XsXAX!W^'jX!��>SX&-^  Insist on Your Christmas  Beer Being  11  sec  '  999  " The Beer Without a Peer."  Brewed by the  Vancouver Breweries, Ltd. J  Vancouver, B. C.  W~~~For "Sale-at''~an~tli^Pirst~01^^~Li^3"F^StWes7_@  Hotels and Saloons.'  ���sM&i)����������������������������������������������^  In the Busy  Whirl of  Christmas Shopping  ���do not forget  your laundry!  |'    The,  festivities   of YulcMde  call for "smart dressing."  Things to be laundcicd should  be attended ' to and if you  place tbcm in our bands they  WILL UK attended to to your  utmost satisfaction.  Tin; is intended as a helpful  bint.  Steam Laundry  91,0-914 Richards Streot. Toi. 346  Branch offlco in Arcado*  ,        Toi. 1176..   '  Advertise ln The Independent.  - Beginning Young'  Whon eyoi ara found to Bave  any defect, however, slight, tnore  is but one thing tt, (I*. Providu '  glasses early. Have them examined '  by our doctor of optics. Mr. Al- '  r Ian, and get a pair ta ' lit yon <  propel ly. All work guaranteed.       <*/  davidson br��&.,.::.:  tlhe Jewelers'and Ofillelans,    c'i f  146 Cordova M. -it-,  4y4\iitpfyGiT'^ 9^*9) *904})<iyQ"t^4ib ���  J  il

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