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The Independent Sep 13, 1902

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 ii >); - ���   ,  >yyJy  THE  ROYAL  BANK  OF  CANADA  . . SAVINGS   BANK..  A General Banking Buslnaaa          Transacted.  OFFICBS-cHastlngs   Street,   W.,  WoBtmloster Avenue, Vancouver.  it. c. permanent loak and  saviio 10.  Authorized Capital ��� $10,000,000  Subscribed Capital -  -  l.axi.ootl  Assets Over ....     300,000  Head Oflice, 321 Cambie Street.  Vancouver, B. C.  VOL. 5.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1902.  NO.  mm \m\m to bums.  JTo tlio Killtoro! Tmk I.Nui:n:NDE.vr:  Sir,���In your Issue of August 16th I  a-cad with  much pleasure Mr. Burns'  ���very Interesting article in reply to my  communication, appearing in your columns some time ago.  And I would say  -lhat Mr. Burns' method fulfils my conception of hovv these questions should  ie discussed.    However, to my mind,  the writer does not make his position  ���quite clear, and a lacking of a careful  study of the basic principles underlying the ground covered seems to be In  evidence.   Again,   Mr.   Burns'   disposition to deal in sweeping   generalities  and dogmatic assertions manifests a  ^ault,common to most socialist writers  ���In fact, this applies to most missionaries in every reform movement.   For  instance,  the  writer tells us  that the  Progressive  party  absolutely    ignores  ���the conflict of  interest    between  the  ���wage-earning and the property owning  ���class; and that legislation must favor  cither one or the    other,  never hoth.  .Now       let '    us       examine       this  sweeping assertion.   In  the^ first place  ���iully 70 per cent, of the laboring class  are small property owners, and, without any desire to split hairs, I would  ask air. Burns how the proposition to  divorce the interest of the laborer as  -a. property owner from his interest as  a   laborer, or, again,  the interest    of  property owning from that of     prop-  ���ertiless laborer, in legislation that increases the demand both for labor and  wages is to be brought about.   To assert then that llie property owning and  propertilcss laborer has no common interest in legislation must be bad logic.  If the words "monopolist" or "exploiter" of labor vvas substituted the writer's position would be more clearly defined.   As the paragraph stands it implies, first, a conflict of Interest as applying to the same Individual; second,  a conflict  between  two  classes of laborers,  having    at  least    a  laborer's  community nf interest.   But the change  suggested would still leave his position  far from being impregnable.   For example,   the   city   of  , Vancouver ' has  , bonused a sugar refinery, which employs, at a fair wage, many laborers.  Xeglslation    then    has    benefited    the  . millionaire.   sugar     trust     and     the  laborer to whom It gives employment.  And again by increasing the population  and pay roll   of   the city, adding to.'ts  consuming power,  benefits    the    merchant, mill  and professional man and  Jn turn enables them lo employ more  Jabor, which also would share In the  benefit thus gained.   Again, legislation  which creates    an  expansion    of. our  railroad system increases the demand  for labor  in  construction  and  operation���which, in turn, creates   millionaires, without in every case creating  paupers.   It then follows that the millionaire  railroader    and  laborer have  at times a community of interest  in  .legislation, while perhaps at the samo  time these interests may clash with the  Jnterest  of other  millionaire /busin.133  men and laborers.   In the abstract tlisn.  Mr..Burns is clearly wrong.   Under our  complicated economic system where the  interest of each Individual or Industry  Is   interdependent   upon   every   otlier  J generalities,are misleading.   Again, we  are,told  that laws which protect  the  millionaire      create      paupers,     while  laws     which     protect     the     pauper  makes the millionaire Impossible.   The  Progressive ypaily, hj!j*Hs_jw,,jRnoros  this  fact.   Now,   let  us  examine   this  ,  sweeping assertion.  Plank 1' in our platform favors '.he  singlo tax system, and is Intended to  strike a vital blow at tho landed millionaire, while by\ encouraging small  lioldlngs, It will tend to abolish pauperism. The Increase of population nutuc  ally following will add to the prosperity of the business man, the millionaire railroader, sugar refiner, steel  ' trust, coal baron, preuchor, professional  man nnd bootblack���thus creating, as  lt were, a legislative community of interest!) In all grades from the millionaire to the pauper, ns In conflict with  the intei est of the millionaire landlord.  Mr. Burns In his study ot economic*  livldently overlooks (be fact that surface values do not always Indicate Iho  character of the deposit on bed rock.  , Flank 2���Government ownership and  operation of railroads and nil moans of  transportation and communication.  Here abolish the wage system and wo  liave socialism. Later on, this step  may become a phase of practical poll-  tics. The word "progressive" written  across our banner does not mean stag-  Jiatlon. Like that of socialism, our  platform Is uot perfect, but is the be3t'Which  to-day appear but   .theoretical  wo believe th cncople are_ prepared to  we believe the people are prepared to  adopt at this particular time. This law-  would promote the interest of the employees nt least on railroads and ln the  express business. Wells, Fargo's agents  employees, on American roads work 12  hours  per day  and    receive   W0  per  month, while ln the mall department,  often ln the same car, government employees work but eight hours and re  celve ?80 per month.   Here then government ownership    of '-the    express  business would manifestly promote the  Interest of the laborer and violate that  of  the millionaire    express  company,  while public ownership of railroads; it  will be conceded, would work along the  same  line,   which,   by  destroying  the  railroad  magnates'  ability  to exploit  the   publio  and   tho   trust   to    secure  preferential rates would   hardly msei  with the approval of Morgan, Vanderbiit, Schwab   or  Rockefeller. Again, it'  the employer takes advantage of reduced rates, and    as   a   consequence  lowers the cost of llvlng.to take another  turn of the screw on labor, which he  certainly   will,    the   average   laborer  would be no worse off   than    before,  whilo those employed in the government  express and railroad business will certainly   be Ibenellted.   Confronted   thin  with these facts, we can justly be accused of Ignoring the fact that the law  which promotes the interest of the millionaire creates the  pauper and vice  versa.    In,      addition       by      lessening      the      cost      of        itransporta-  [���uiiue.iaja.id   oin    u|A'o.i}sop   puu   uon  rates it promotes the Interest of the  merchant, the manufacturer and farm-,  er in a small way, and in conjunction  with   the -government  employed labor  at least creates a community of Interest iii such legislation.  Plank 3���Government ownership and  operation, of refineries and smelters. I  would ask Mr. BurnB If he Is under the  Impression that this plank will meet  vvith the approval of the million dollar  smelter trust? Is there any recognition here of a class struggle? Is this  or is it not a step in the direction of  socialism? These things are within the  sphere of practical politics. When vie  have secured them we wlll'be prepared  to go' a step further. Our head light is  on the engine, not on the caboose. Will  public ownership of reduction works  promote the interests of the millionaire  and breed paupers, or the reverse. j?o  assume such a position would be bad  logic, rendering insecure even the foundation of socialism itself.    ���   '      ,���  Plank 4���The abolishment of the  property qualification to hold public office. Here it is proposed to throw open  to the humblest laborer that political  equality absolutely necessary to obtain  control 'by the common people of all  public franchises and to acquire that  political motive power necessary to  propel the ship of progress over the  storm swept approaches that must be  crossed ere we ever can hope to drop  anchor in the sunny harbor of social  ism. If Mr. Burns imagines this plank  will meet with the approval of the millionaire or does not recognise a class  struggle, I would suggest that he con  suit Mr. Dunsmuir, Sir* William Van  Home, or any other of the less, well-  to-do propertied class and observe the  effect.  Plank 5���Reservation of sections of  coal lands that will enable the government to operate mines when necessary.  Will a law of this kind, think you, meet  vvith_tIie_approval_of-Mr. -Dunsmuir or  Mr. Jaffray?   Will it tend to    create  millionaires or promote the growth ,-f  paupers?   Does  It    recognise    a class  struggle nnd promoting the Interest of  nearly every Industry not controlled by  a coal company, the farmer, manufacturer, merchant, professional man and  laborer?   Does It create a community  of Interest in  legislation- between  tho  property owner, often  the millionaire,  If you will, nnd the laborer?   Does this  character  of   legislation  write  across  the path of progress, "No thoroughfare  here," or rather does It Indicate a desire to give the rank and file an opportunity     to   familiarize   themselves  with the true conditions before asking  them to go farther?   If tho ebaractor  of legislation here suggested does not  recognize a conflict of Interest between  employer and  employed,   between  .be  property owner and laborer, what docs  It menn?   While at  the same time it  demonstrates what socialists have apparently failed to grasp that often the  millionaire property owner and laborer  have legislative Interests in  common.  Let us then confine our immediate efforts to the practical, and   when we  have accomplished our purpose, things,  Intelligent,  and wo-  under       a  dreams, may evolve Into the Held of  the practical.   Again, Mr. Burns tells  us that no party has ever succeeded,  except those alone who have adopted  tho abolishment of the wage system  and  collective    ownership.   That    the  highway of progress, he says, 13 strewn  with the bones of a thousand political  fads organized along the lines of the  Progressive party.   Does the lessons of  history justify this assumption of the  superiority of socialism over other fads  ���if fads they are���when its testimony  Is      that      every   , attempt      upon  absolute       socialistic       lines       has  been      a      failure      in    th;     past.  If     a      few      hundred  honest,      earnest      men  men       cannot     "agree  system where wages are abolished and  co-operation Is universal, how ive we  to hope that the great Ignorant, selfish  masses of unthinking Iiumanity,  brutalized by ages of injustice and wrong,  are to be enabled suddenly ��� to grasp  this gigantic problem and inaugurate  the mlllenlum.   These people  vvere as  intelligent,  earnest and honest as you  are.   They, too, belivecl that- they alone  possessed the panacia that would cure  all the ills of   life.    But in the words  of  the  poet,   they have  gone as  the  multitude goes, like the" flower or the  weed  that withers away to.let othe.'s  succeed.   And now again the' multitude  comes, even those we behold, perhaps,  to repeat  the same tale that has .10  often   been   told.   And  in    conclusion,  without desiring  to  violate socialistic  courtesy or discourage   the .growth of  socialism, I would ask ]JIr. Burns the  question so often put by socialists to  tiio  trades  unionists,  what  have  you  ever done  to permanently better the  condition   of  the  common  masses   of  humanity?  Germany, for 50 years the  Gibralter of socialism, is to-day ruled  by  an  autocratic    military    peacock,  backed  by  a  plutocratic  government,  sustained by an army ofilcered by educated,    brutalized    military    savages,  where socialism    is  more    a    protest  against    autocratic    government    and  military tyranny than a desire to es-'  tablish a co-operative   commonwealth.  While England,    Australia" and'New-  Zealand, through political action, backed by organized labor along the lines  of  the Progressive party,  are making  rapid strides in the direction of many  of  the fundamental  principles    of socialism.   Our   present   civilization   has  not been reached hy the efforts of any  particular creed, sect or political system.   Christianity     itself,    after    1900  years of effort on the part of millions  of unselfish workers and thousands of  humanity's   noblest' martyrs,   has   not  yet attained the end hoped for by its  early advocates.   Do not,    then,    Mr.  Burns,  let 'the  wrongs  that surround  you and your desire to see them righted blind you to the difficulties that coi-  o t  front the movement you advocate.   I  feel that a mind as logical as yours, If  properly applied, _must see the folly of  assaulting the citadel before the outer  works have been secured.  Bear in mind  that the social breakers, observable on  our street corners    at night,  indicate  that wo are approaching the narrows  without a friendly light to guide 'us  through a passage   strewn    with  the  vviecks of all that havo gone before.  Would It, then, I ask, not be wiser to  pursue the course adopted by tbe Progressive party first to remove a few of  the reefs that obstruct   our   passage  and    thus   avoid   the   errors   of   our  predecessors?   What- li7~~~"b"~~5n~~said~~~l  feel,  clearly demonstrates to a lar.-re  degree at least a community of Interest in legislation between the millionaire,   the property owner and  the laborer, and that legislation which benefits the one in very many eases benefits all.   'Hence the contention that our  interests are all at war cannot be sustained.   The  character    of  legislation  Implied In our platform may be easily  put Iu operation, thus paving the way  for tlio Ideal conditions outlined by socialism.    Bear In  mind  that I do not  desire to say anything that will check  tlio  growth    of  moderate    socialism.  Neither docs what I am about to say  apply to Mr. Burns, nor to all socialists, but Is Intended rather to discourage Ibis narrow-minded, self-righteous  spirit that can seo no virtue In  those  who may differ with them.   This disposition   lo hiss. Jeer and    liillcuie    the  opinions ot those who are as honest and  is Intelligent as themselves, savors of  the       spirit       of,      persecution���for  ridicule, Jeoilng   and    falsehood   were  the poisoned fangs In the jaws of '.he  monsters that inaugurated the Inquisition and religious warfare In sixteenth  century Europe, that filled the fore3,s  of Germany with innocent women and  children, there to die of starvation,  whilo their fathers, husbands and  brothers butchered each other on .the  battlefield, blindly believing In their ignorance that men could be made to believe and think alike by force. This  Insinuation, misrepresentation and personal abuse so common of late in some  of the socialistic press; this gasconade  and vulgar appeal to prejudice aiid  passion; this sweeping denunciation of  Christianity, labor organizations and  Its leaders resorted^to by some apostles  of socialism, does not appeal to, but  rather repels the thinker, and ls appreciated only by the mob whose unthinking tyranny and Intolerance  would, if in power, inaugurate an era  of anarchy that would blight for ever  our hopes of evolving an economic condition, where man to man shall  brothers be for a' that. C. FOLKS'.  Vancouver, B. C, Sept. 10, 1002.  SML M SHOOT OLD  WORKERS?  EDITOR FLETCHER SPEAKS  A E. Fletcher, of the London Daily  Chronlcle,  one of the British journalists who have been touring   Canada,  addressed the Socialists of Vancouver  last Sunday night In the Sullivan hall.  He said that the century   just closed  started in life the new   revolutionary  movement.    Referring  to  the  French  revolution, he said that the leaders of  it did not rise to the occasion, and this  fact must be borne   In   mind by the  leaders of'to-day.   The old French .'e-  volutionists trusted  to brute force for  their stability, which must fail sooner  or later.   After this great   revolution  their very, natures became aglow with  many ideals.    The lyear 181.  saw  ;he  end of this great revolution.   The first  efforts of the people then vvas for the  right of tho people to rule, and this is  the tendency of the times. " You ha"e  obtained the abolition of chattel slavery and also the abolition of the property qualification.   But in Great Britain  the people have not tho enfranchisement they wish for. 'There the house  or lodging place has tho rlglit to vote,  and women ara barred from voting.1 A  vory serious effort Is now being,made  by the clergy and  their' supporters to  capture the elementary schools, which  may be the means of wrecking the present government. . "The most important  problem    over    there,"   said   the  speaker,   "which  vve lare  face   to faoe  with, Is the socialist movement.     Tho  socialist movement is rapidly becoming  a middle-class 'movement.    The  .best  scholars, such as school teachers, clergymen,  legal men, and the like,    nre  taking a hand in it."   It was a mistake  to give Karl Marx the credit of being  the founder of scientific socialism.   The  father  of  the  Irish   land    movement,  William Thompson, a landlord,  awo'.te  one morning to find   that he was the  founder of scientific socialism.   He became  associated   with    Robert  Owen,  and when he died he left his whole estate to be used In the cause.   But his  will  was protested   as being an  immoral one, and it   took the courts 35  years to decide to break it.   John Ruskin was another who had a powerful  influence in educating the people along  the lines   of   rational socialism.    The  right distribution of wealth Is the reason for its production; it was Ruskin  who exposed the old Manchester school  of   political   economy, and   now   the  "devil take    tho    hindmost" school of  political   economy   Is   passing    away.  -It-is-held-by sonie'thatsocialisiiir'wefe  It adopted, would    destroy family life.  This Is a fallacy.   For capitalism is now-  destroying it.   Atheists vvho aro socialists object to tho actions of pi losts who,  by their teachings of   Clirist,  enslave  the people,  when    the   sermon on the  mount teaches us the very reverse. Tho  socialists aimed lo apply its teachings  to practical politics.  The republican movement hi England  Is dying out. At one time there was ai  many as 100 republican societies, and In  tiie seventies three'members vvere returned to parliament���Sir Cbalies Dilke,  Bradlaiigh  and  .    War will  cease some day bocnuso of Its folly.  The only war ho knew of In England  justifiable vvas   the   one In wbleh tlie  Should old workers who reach the ago  of 43 be taken out and shot? That was  a suggestion made the other day at a  labor meeting In Chicago. There ls little use for the old man ln business life,  these days, unless he be at the head of  the business. The cry goes up everywhere for young men. This Is made  plain to anyone vvho endeavois to secure employeinent for any man past his  vigorous youth. Experience, the old^r  men who are looking for jobs will sav,  counts for nothing. Youth Is content  with smaller pay, because youth has  hope and ambition to feed upon. Whoever the argument be, the fact remains  that the man of -15, or thereabouts, ��'ho  finds himself out ot a job, has a hard  time getting another, as hundreds of  men here or any other city will  acknowledge, and tho hard time ls  rendered harder bj; his constant facing  of the insinuation that he is a "back  number." Perhaps his position is rendered no more pleasant by the semi-  serious proposal, that lt would be better for himself and for everybody else  If he were taken out in some v.ica.it  lot and shot like a glaridered horse or  eminent cannot very well take him oul  and shoot him. We would not advise  him to shoot himself. We might hang  lilm If he thinks It would Improve matters by shooting somebody else. All of  which Is very logical, hut what hope  is there lu it for the man of 45, or  older, who, for no other reason or fault  than his age, walks the streets vainly  seeking woik while his wife and children are starving? REX.  SEATTLE NOTES.  c  (By Our Own Correspondent.)  The steamer Cutch, well known In  Vancouver, has been refitted, re-chrls-  tened the Jessie Banning, and sold to  the Colombian government, to be  transformed into a warship. The Cutch -  was sold for the neat sum of $7S,0OO.  Alt James, stage manager of the Savoy theatre so   long in Vancouver, Is ���  playing a date at tho Comlque in this [  city. '    '"  The Daily Evening Star of Seattp-  sells for one. cent a copy.  Al. Hart, one time leader, of th'e Savoy orchestra in Vancouver, is leader  of the orchestra at the' Bijou in ti.  city.  Harry Saunders, a well-known hac'-  driver of Vancouver, Is porter on th;  steamer Geo. E. Starr, plying betwe-���  here and Fairhaven.  The  arches  built  by  the  'Elks are  a distempered dog   What's the remedy?   There doesn't seem to be any that-being torn down. .  ���  Is practicable, or that is even as good j    Saturday night about V2 o'clock, some  as a  working hypothesis.    We  can't I one was yelling loudly near the alley  prevent children and women from en-(entrance to the Times office.   Probably  tering   upon   work  formerly  done   by  men, for that simply transfers the mis-  cry of the situation to another quart?!'.  Of course thoro are many men of -15,  and much older, who have no trouble-  in securing positions, but they aie exceptional men.   They usually are men  of special capabilities.    They are mon  who liave kept up vvith the times,   and  kept young  in spirit while so  dolus;.  Still this does not mitigate the condition for the man who'has no espe^iul  capabilities and no adaptability/which  latter would seem,'in these days, to he  much more important, since,  in    most  cases, the older man out .of a job is in  that   predicament because ' of    some  change in. the methods of work   that  renders him unnecessary in the lines of  effort to which he has been accustomed.  The bold fact seems  "to   be that the  worker of the futuie must bo a man  vvho will have the qualities    that will  either put him beyond' the need of employment  after 45 or  will render hlni  useful through superior Intelligence for  the years beyond "that age.   The man  vvho works In future must bo a man in  whom are cultivated capabilities    ind  adaptabilities more   varied than hav;  been customary In the past.   The worker will have to learn hovv to save himself and better himself,  while putting  forth his best effort when young, and  what Is, perhaps, more important, will  have to save his money   against  ihe  time when the boos may come arou.id  nnd tell him'that it's too bad, but the  necessities of business compel letting  hlni out because he is getting to be "a  little slow."     That   the . majority   of  workers cannot meet the requirements  here  suggested,   is  only, too    certai'i.  All men cannot be first-class workmen.  Many must inevitably be crowded out  of their places.     Tbey may be fairly  competent, but the demand of the time  is for something more than more coii-  retency for work. ��� _Wha r_ls_noeded_ls  originality,    foresight,    being   a llttlo  it vvas the "scare" head's of articles  appearing In the Sunday, issue of th'  Times, or else too much," "bug-jui'- '  that caused some fellow to holler-I'-'  a Comanche.  Seattle needs a first-class hotel���-j  the business men claim.  A firebug is supposed to be operating  in Seattle. The fire boys responded to  four alarms in succession the oth'::'  day. ,  .-'  The "Block" butchers are on a strike ���.  In Seattle.  Meats  are  high,  rent  Is   high,  telephone poles are high,    buildings    are-  high, the sky Is high, In fact the only  thing in Seattle that'is iiot higli'is'Uie"  tide.   And even now this conies at Intel vnls.  Spanish Armada was beat. He had no  patience with people vvho say that tho  principle of pence had failed, wlien today somo of the greatest minds agree  on this point. Tt might just as well  be said th.U Christianity has failed.  You mlglil go further and sny that the  whole world has been a failure, for it  has had its ice age and Its storms and  eniDtlons.  The speaker was tendered a vote of  thanks.  Man's first duty Is to organise.  ahead of the pace, being ready to step  from the old thing to the new thing,  and do it "up to the handle." The mnn  who Is "willing to do anything," bat  vvhen asked what he can do is unable  to name "anything" that the person to  whom he applies wants done, Is in a  bad way now, and his fate will be  worse In future. It may be thnt better education vvill render men fitted 10  last longer, by making thein nioiv variously useful, but that Is doubtful. II  vvill always bo urged against a man of  45. or thereabouts, looking for a Job.  that If ho was lit for a Job he vvouid  have one, and Hint to put hlni Inio a  nevv- Job and different work would be  the almost hopeless t.-uk of "laarhlng  an old clog new tricks." At tlie rate  vve are now going, tbe man. who hasn't  "arrived" at 40 is not regarded as luv-  Ing much clinncc of ever "airiving."  This moans that the only hope no.v  visible Is tor the government to provide  an old age pension for those crowd;d  out by youth, unless, of course-, the  younger men work harder, and dio  earlier. Tho worker of the futuie must  be 'fixed" by the time he reaches the  45 mile-post, or he may have to become a tramp and a beggar.  The gov-  ROCKY ROADS.  'Tvvould seem from.the anion-' ��>*  "wind" that rolls from the mou;'-- -"  the aldermen of Vancouver .that '"---  do not need "cups" at the pub!1"  fountains. Their mouths���from thJ  amount or wasted hot-air that escapes  therefrom���seem quite largo enough to  enable them to catch all the wat*-.  and perhaps more, than they ever ��� - ���.  Of course the public can find thei 1  cup, can, or may use their hp'-. "  tbey want to drink at the public '���-  tains. Or. better yet. can walk 1-:  to the park for a drink of water. TIf">  Is a cup out there. If snme of the council has not ordered It removed for  cause.  So The Independent Is on the black  list at the city hall in Vmrouver. Now,  it vvouid be impossible for Thc Ind"-  pendent to put the dwe'lera In the <���' -  hall of Vancouver on tho white ." \  so The Independent will, no doubt. ��� ���  and "forget it."  -A!clcrman^_,rcQilcen-slinuid-visit~~Se~~"  attle nud take n stroll through Wlilte-  chnpcl.   ITe might Introduce reforms !n  Vancouver that  would bc> new to his  co-workers.   Then he would  be "It."  Surely ���Seattle always goes one bettor  than San Francisco. One? of Snn Francisco's editors wns shot. Two Seattle  editors have been sued for libel.  A ninn who renlly enjoys a. Sunday  sermon of 50 minutes will raise chin  whl'kcis If given u chance.  A man always says "Hollo" wlr;  called 10 the telephone, but before '���  hns talked five minutes he reverses t :  "'���"���il- REX.  It Is hnrdly nrcos-s.iry lo say thnt  abolishing ar evil ami Minprciilng th''  I'.lcl: about It are entirely different, and  In fact antithetical propositions.���Duluth World.  Tlio map who 1-j enjoined from doing  a thing that Is lawful may bo depended  upon to do that thing, If only as a:  menus of vindicating tho law.  ���President Mitchell's only safety'lies  in carrying along a type-written list  of the things he is enjoined from doing.���The Chicago News. . j^j^ UNCHAPERONED  21y IIolcu KU>mmu>iiydur.  " Bat it is such a nice evening, Miss  ���ikiii!" protested   Miss   Matthews,  Forney saw that Mira wincod  at  ��� I'.iljwtivo  as  at  an   irreverence.  ��� m ou^lit-not to shut yourself,,in-  s   'on   such   a night as this,' as  espcaro  says.     My  1'ulher   was  ���0 limn quoting tlint "  'ell, then," itilerposed  I'lorenco,  . us any way drive you to Ilio eol-  . Miss Haiiliiii, if you  won't go  ior with us.   And Dr. l'Virucy caii  ic, after wo   liave   lot ynu  out,  i'.cr he wants to go any lurthor."  ' Vory well," Jiira agreed.   Fornoy  ��� Mt'cl her into the carriago,  and  got  u beside her.  \  few    moments'    drivo brought  ; .\.u lo tlio houso.  <',. "   CHAPTKK XVI.  .Florence was pleased at the turn  -���' >;rs had taken. Dr. Forney hml  "' ���'���' Miiiucil iu the carriago alter thev  i'lnl deposited Miss Kankin at the cot-  i";;c. anil thus an opportunity which,  in Mio past, few clays, sho had boon  , vainly scioking,7 was at, last afforded  I'm- c.'iiiiiimmicafing to hiin the nstou-  iehing intelligence as to tho disposition (ho girl intended making of  lier fortuno; which intelligence Florence felt sure would bo of uo small  importance to him.  "Sho will not keep more than a few  millions at iho outside," slio informed him, ns thoy drove ou tho shore,  in the waning evening light.. "Sho  lias already given away four millions."  "Did'slio toll you that?" ho abruptly asked.  Sho could not see clearly the expression of his fnce iu the diuinoss, ami  tho tono of his voico was difficult to  interpret. Sho felt, howovor, that  ho v.as deeply interested.  "Yos, sho told me, didn't she, Aunt  :Lonisc?" " .,:  "Yes, dear, of course sho did, and  I think it outrageous! If My Fathor.  wero nlivo and wero her lawyer, ho  would not let her bo so foolish !'���  "Did she toll you to whom or to  whnt slio"moan's, to jjivo tho monoy?"  Forney nskod.  "She' endows freo kindorgariens,  hospitals, libraries and that kind.-, of  tiling. Aud then sho is setting up  dozens of families iu 'comfortable in-  ilepeni'ciieo,' as sho calls it. Sho says  she prefers to help people of hor own  class who have boon unfortunate  financially, ratlior than -work-, aniong-  7the,shims."  ."������'' /'How few millionaires,"  ho sniil  witli nil odd laugh, "look upon ' their  ;'.fortunes7 as  trusts  to bo used for the  good of socioty,' as Miss  Rankin  evi-  uonlly docs!" ���'���-���..'  "Don't yon think a stop might bo  'put to it?" asked Miss Matthows, in  a tone'of concern. "It does seem too  bad to go scattering sneh'a fortune;'"  "Oh!" said Florence, quickly, "n'o  oue'. would be nblo to stop7 her. She  scorns a gentle, swcot littlo thing,  ; but sho'is stubborn about some things.  She has what she cnlls 'au attitudo'  (or rnaybo it is an ontlook') about the  use of money, and I think you might  burn hor at the stake boforo she  would go against it." I novor met  anyone like,hor before." .  "Just how many  millions did sho  say sho meant to keep?" he inquired.  "Four or'five," sho answorod,   and  her tone was a bit unsteady; sho  felt  ��� it to bo a critical moment.  Ho leaned back in the carriage and  ���was silent. For some moments, as  they drove along, no one spoko.  ' But Miss Matthews presently broke  Vtho quiet with a reference to "Sir  Oracle." Tlio subject- of Mira Eai.  kin's fortune was dropped, nud they  charted on indifferent, matters. Florence soon realized a change in Forney's mood. Ho grow uioro and more  animated, as tliey wont on, and after  a time, ho became even gay.  Never had she found him moro entertaining. Her own spirits rose with  his. for she I bought sho understood  this abrupt emorgence from the gloom  a^^in^vhicluhe_.hnd^soeinod=wrapt rocent^.  self much longer.   "I supposo ho  bos  not much doubt of my intentions." :  she thought. !  "Yos, this is an uuexpeoted move," j  ho answered. "I have been sent for. \  A curious case. A patient who ii '  .passing through a great crisis. She :  vvas my liousokeepor, her husband;  having been my bookkeeper. He'  died, sho bogau taking morphine, j  then fell to drinking. I hnd to dis-'  chargo her, but I had hor child taken  from hor, for though she is devoted  to the littlo girl, her habits led her  to neglect hor cruolly. So I took the  child, and plneod hor iu tho care of  somo good pooplo of.my acquaintance. ���;���  Tho woman has postorod mo horribly  over since���follows mo about every  whore. My pity for her has mado me  pntioiit with hor, but she lias annoyed  mo beyond measure. She is half crazed from lier dissipations any way; I  have begged hor to lot me oure her of  her habits, but sho has refused to  trust herself in my hands. Now I  hear sho has mot with an accident.  Been struck by a trolley car and broken her leg and arm. She is at a hospital. I shall seo hor and tako oharcre  of her caso. I shall probably ba able  to cure her of hor iuobriety while  hor leg and arm are healing. Then I  can give hor child back to her."  "And she is���she is���the strange  woman I saw ouo night near the cottage?" faltered Florence, her eyes  wido with curiosity.  "She has -been prowling in this  neighborhood since I have been  here," he answered.  ''I do not see," said Miss Matth-  or inauiro if it bo for my happiness  or for my woo; it is from God, I  know, and that is enough 1 It is so  areaf, so wonderful���I never dreamed  that such joy could over come to mo!  My whole lifo is surrendered to  vours, dear lovo I"  THE NAVAL GUNS.  ews, "what on earth you bother with   0f mv powers.  CHAPTKR XVIII.  Florence Halo's Dinry.  "July .  "A pretty state of things! Ho has  proposed to Knnkin! They aroongag-  ed! What an unexpected turn of  iiil'nirs! Well; lliis summer 1ms beou  an awful bore. All wasted. Such n  dead failure���I novor know iinvthing  ike itl Ho poems to be goiiuincly  smillen with hor, too, nnd that is tho  onoor part of it. 1 think it is soqueor,  because ho hardly looked at lior tho  iirst fow weeks. Perhaps ho succeeded in persuading her not to give up so  much of hormoney after nil. As for  her���of course tho siniplo thing accepted him���the vory iirst man who proposed to her after sho got hor money!  ���when sho might have had such  grand flirtatious-with lots of m6u, if  slio bad only oxortod hersolf. Sho  might easily have mnrried nn English  Earldom. How simplo she was to  take him right off and spoil all "her  fun. For of course thoro is no fun  going, whou onco you are oiignged.  But she seems satisfied. In fact, I  think she is'vtiekled to death with her  Forney I  "As for mo���for the first time I  acknowledge' myself beaten���and by  ouo whom I had despised. I supposo I  shnll never ncain be quito so confident  her for? Such a thankless wretchl, I  should think your time were too valuable."  "Too vnluablo to spend in rescuing a  follow-mortal from solf-destrnction?  No, it is not too valuable for that."  Tho carriage drew up beforo the  porch of tho cottage, and he jumped  out and offered her his hand. Then  ho assisted Miss Hole, and together  they went indoors.  Well", on the whole, I am uot entirely sorry. Since even that strange  woman catc turns ont to his credit, I  doubt.if I over could have consented  after all, to become the wife of such  icy, chill perfection as Dr. Walter  Fornoy."  THE END.  ly. Surely she had read him aright;  ho was overjoyed just now at tho sua-,  pension of tho slrugglo lm'- liud. evidently beou having with himself between his passion for hor, mid ihe  temptation to possess Miss KankinV  gold. Sinco the glittering prize of  sixteen millions was destined' to be so  dissipated, he, no doubt, Celt happy  in his freedom lo dovolo himsolf to  tlio woman wilh whom ho was infatuated, and whoso fortuno wns, aftor  all, rt'.mos! oqrial to that of the lamo  liM'.r croa'ure who fur iv timo hnd  tempted him lo eacriflco himself.  It vvi.s when they were driving  bne.k lo Iho collage, an hour later,  lhat ho told hor Mimitliing which in  its turn-.nstoiiished her as much as,  or more, Ilian hor news had surprised  him.  "To-snom)vv I. shnll have to run np  to tiostoii,'" lie snid. "Oil business.  I,shall i'.oine back, though, on the  uigiii .i:.iiu."  '���iin .i w�� shall nol soo you again  uniil Tlr.,i.<.t"iuv.'"  "Not until Thursday. Tliero is a  possibility of my being detained longer But I think not���I hoi ~ not I" he  addod fervently.  "This is an unexpected move, isn't  it?" Miss Mai thews nsked; while  Florence mentally decided that he  was going to buy tlio ring. His manner was, .'���omchow, so. vory eager���  ovidontly ho could not restrain him-  OHAPTER, XVII.  "But why did you oome back, if  you are going to leave again for good  so soon?"  Mira was standing with Fornoy in  the bay-window of tho music room on  the evening of tho day of his return  from Boston.  "I shall stay," ho ropliod deliberately, "until you go."  "That is good of you," sho said  coloring. "But I am going so 60011,  it was hardly worth yonr whilo to  como back.''  "I thought it was. At any rate,  what is a night's rido on the cars?  You have uover been much of a traveler, havo you?" ho asked smiling.'  "No, indeed."  .,,- '.'Where is your homo, any way?   I  never heard you say."  ."I have  no   home..  I   havo  been  quito alone," sho said quietly, "since  mother died throe years ngo.    I have ;  lived at Wellesloy Collcgo part of  the '  time; and part of  tlio  timo  I have  boarded iu Williamsburg with  Edua .  Howard.   Wo kept,  houso    together, i  after a fashion," ��� I  "And I'supposo  when   you  leave  here, you will go to Edua Howard?" i  ho questioned. i  "Yes." I  "And then you will plan your trip  abroad?" |  "Yes." !  They were  silent  for  n   moment.  He looked down at hor, as  she  stood  beside him. watching,   with  a rapid ,  throbbing of his heart,   the delicate |  faco which ha;l   become   to  him  tho  type of his ideal of womanhood. I _.  "When you leave me," he presently ; f),e'Boers. Thev searched  said, "I fear my life will returnj ,op_ )0 toe |l!uf let him  again to its original color. Since I  have known you Mira Knnkin, it has  taken on a now and wonderful hue!"  "Its original color?" sho ns'ted in  a low voico.   "What color is that?"  "A pale drab."  "Why should it bocorao so sombre?"  "But it is by contrast with the past  fow weeks that the rest of my lifo  assumes such a gruesome shade.  When I am with you," ho said, an intensity in his tone that thrillod hor,  "the wall that imprisons me within  myself "is l)rdk~3ii~"down~,"and"my" heart -  leaps iuto freedom I   Dear!   It is be-  Of ArmmM-ert Train*.  Wo seo no reason why armored  trains shoulci not be made far more  formidable and effective, and wo think  therein lies a field, if a somowhat restricted one, for the ingenuity of our  engineers. A train might bo con-,  slructed to carry very heavy armor  and guns of large calibre. Most of our  readers aro nware, of courso, that n  number of American- locomotives  weigh upwards of 100 tons. What,  therefore, is to prevent armor plate,  in tho truo sense of tho word, being  employed ou heavily and strongly  built, locomotives and cars for effective operations. A train so constructed could cover a wido range, and  doubtless by the employment of a  pilot or "scout" engine of smaller  and swifter calibre, carrying only a  singlo small truck, properly protected  and armed wilh Maxims, Nordcufelts  or Gatlings interference ���with tho line  could bo effectually prevented.���Feild-  en's Magazine.  D.irlit;; l)i<Hi>,iloli ltlili-r<.  Muuy hairbreadth adventures aro  met with by the daring despatch riders.    Tho Grahamstown Journal says:  "Mr. W. Cummings, of Douglas,  who has boon iu and out of Kimborlcy  during tho sicgo with despatches  from Mr. Rhodes, is porhaps ono of  tho most daring nud successful. On  one occasion ho crept for tho best part  of 30 miles o'.i his hands. and knees  with despatches, so as to eseapo observation, through a country swarming  with Boors. Tho enemy had set a  prico of ��300 on his head."  Tho Journal gives another  instance  "A native runner between Kuru-  man and Mafeking was taking a quill  despatch ilu'ongh. and was caught by  him  from  go, having  had  his  found not hi in;. The wily native  rammed the precious despatch up  nnsM."  i). ii-  'i"  cause I lovo you I  There was no surprise in the look  she raised to his face, but thero was  a great joy in hor benutifnl eyes.  "I lovo you," ho repeated, taking  hor hand a prisoner in his own, and  speaking with a rovoroud tendoruoss  which shook her strangely. "With  the strength and dopth of my nature,  Bolovod, I lovo you. And you, Mira?"  "If I thought," she said, hor voice  quivering, hor face and dark eyes  aglow, "that you did not lovo mo as  I lovo you, I should wish, until my  heart broke, that I had never, never  aeon you!"  Ho took her to his arms and held  her, and thoir avowals were sealed in  the mooting of thoir lips.  Now, in tho prcsouco of their lovo,  how impossible seemed to him his unworthy hesitation of tho past week!  How ignoble his consideration of tho  wealth which ho would havo allowed  to separate them. He confessed his  weakness as ho clasped her.  "Dearest friend���friond of life," ho  said: "wo understand ono another  wholly now? Thero is no doubts, no  concealments?"  She laid her hand on his as it rested on her shonlder, and her low-voiced answer made tho music of his days  forever nfter.  "I cannot question a love so divine,  niiM.ii-nt ur v. <  Tliouuh lie I'ni/li'-l :i '.i,.-  Tli* ri-tl'ii  tir.iM ..ilv  liiisriTuiy tut, -m -i-:  In Unit Mny !,i.i.m;i'  Thc wuaU-dt ihut cvir wp <;.i.\  ���Ii.-imil JoitnuL  Bow Tliey IIato Upon Mounted nnd Until  by the JiiflKimHt I.iuly��mltli.  A great deal has been written in tho  past few weeks, or since the Boors  completed the linos of invostmont  around tho town of Ladysmith, about  tho naval guns of Hor Majesty's ship  Terrible, wliich woro rushed into the  town at tho last moment, and nro popularly supposed to have "saved it from  destruction." These guns have been  stated ns bolng of various calibres,  ranging from thrco-inch up to six-  ineh. As n mailer of fact, thoy were  of two sizes, four of them being tho  naval 12-pounder gun.- of which tlio  Tcrriblo carries 18, and tho othor two  being l.T-inch rnpid-llro guns, which  must hnvo boon taken from ono of  tho second-class cruisers on tho South  African station, as tho Torriblo does  uot include any guns of that cdlibro  in hor hnttorios.  As the methods of niirantiiiRgunson  shipboard and for uso in tho Hold aro  entirely differonfc, it was nncoswu-y to  hastily improvise somo form of field  mounting for the  navy   guns Which  would serve the purpose. For the  12-  ' pounder  gun,   which    weighs   1,314  pounds, Capt. Scott  of  tho  Torriblo  used a pair of  heavy  wagon wheels  and a stout block of timber, the' timber serving as a trail. Tho yoke which  carries tho trunnions of the  gun was  bolicd securely to(ltho  timber,   which  was itself fastouod to the axlo  of  the  wheols.   A shoebrake  was used for  taking the recoil; tho shoo   boing  attached to the ond of the  trail by a  longth of wire rope    The four guns,  as thus improvised, , are  much  moro  powerful  weapons  than  tho    three-V  inch 12-pounders of the regular  field  batterios and the horse artillory guns,  which w-oig'n rospeetivoly 7S1 and G72  pounds.   Tho   former  has a muzzle  velocity   of   1,553  feet   per    second,  whereas tho naval  gun,   which   is  a  much longer weapon, has a velocity of  2,210 feet per soeond.   The  oxtromo  rango of tho regular field guns of the  artillery is 5,000 or G,000 yards, whore-  as those improvised naval guns have  a range of S,000 yards.    Tho  -1.7-iueh  rnpid-iire guns fire a 45-pouud lyddito  shell with'a muzzle velocity of 2.SS8  feet por second; and as its muzzle energy is about 1,500 foot- tons, it can bo  seen that the question of nrovidiug  a  sufficiently socuro  liiounling lo withstand the recoil wns  a .serious  one.  Caplain Scott ovoreamo tho difficulty  by using several longths of heavy  12  by 12 timbers.   Two  of these, 10 foot  in length, wero placed   pnrallol  with  tho axis of the gun; above theso were  bolted two other   lengths   of timber,  and upon the  platform  thus formed  was bolted down tho bnsleplate of tho  regular mounting.   Ono  of  tho  guns  was fired with nn elevation of 24 decrees and a rango of 12,000 yards, and  it was stated by an eye  witness  that  tho effect ou tho platform wns scarcely perceptible.  The valuable work which hns been  one by theso guns is well known to  tho outsido world, nnd whilo it is too  much to say tliat Ihey "saved Lady-  smith," there is no question that they  served very materially to keep down  the lire of tho Boor sicgo guns, among  wliich there seem to bo several loug-  calibro Canot piecos'of groat range.  COOKING HINTS.  Don't add lard, molasses or sugar to  bread if you wish to l-eep well and be  wholesome.  Potatoes baked thoroughly, but uot  allowed to turn dark, are the best to be  used for crennii'd potatoes.  If salad dressing curdles when being  mixed, add a little cold water, sth  quickly, and lt will become quitf  smooth.  If tea be ground like coffee or crush  ed linmedl|itely before boiling water is  poured upon it. It will yield nearly double the amount of its exhilarating qual  Hies.    ���"���.'" ���''.,,  If a sliced onion and carrot are cooked with veal, It" will be round that the  tinvor of the rather tasteless meat Is  much Improved.' Venli'Utlels rely for  their llavor on the tomato sauce that  Is usually served with them.  A delightful llnvor ls sometimes given to stunk by placing it overnight iu  a bath of olltuid vinegar. In the morning it is wiped before the lirolllng, but  Piicngll of the mixture lias been absorbed to give lt a decided llnvor. '  I fin making split pea sonp a teacup  fui of Whipped cream is put iu llie  tureen Just as the soup Is poured over,  the Improvement In flavor of the soup  will bo noticeable. This puree has  sometimes a flat. ever.watery tasle  that is not at nil agreeable, which the  whipped cream entirely removes.  NEWSPAPER  OUTFITS  A Scotch AntlRolf Law.  Scotland, as 'everybody knows. Is thc  land where golf originated and tho land  where it most nourishes. F.ut If the  law were strictly, enforced north of the  Tweed it vvouid go hard with the players of the royal game In "Bonnie Scotland." Golf players there may not  know it, but they are liable to a sentence, of death for their indulgence in  their favorite sport. Technically, this  Is literally a fact. In ancient times,  when Scotland always had work for  her soldiers to do, all young men were  required to perfect themselves In archery. The.v picferred to play golf, and  so serious a rival did the game become  tbat It was Tor a time suppressed and  mado n capital offense. That curious  law never has been repealed and may  still be fciimd on the statute book.  Tlicre seems to be no record, however,  of the law ever having been enforced.  \ We supply at' short  notice complete JOB  PRINTING AND  NEWSPAPER OUTFITS.  \ We sell what Printers -want; Printers want  what we sell.  \ Wc carry a complete  stock of Type and Supplies for the composing  Room, Pressroom and  Bindery.  TORONTO TYPE FDRY  Company, Limited.  175 iMcDcrin.il Avcnu:,      Winnipeg,  TOawj^ann^M.yA?;^waaBsaim  Browr.liiK'H Cnre For Health.  Urow'.iiiu never passed a day without  taking one or more long walks. Indeed,  bis panacea for most ills was exercise,  and llie exercise be chiefly advocated  was walking.   lie wrote:  "I get as nearly angry as it is in me  lo become with people I love when the.v  trille with their iieiiltli���Unit is. with  their life���like children playing wilh  jewels over a bridge side, jewels wliich  once iu the water how can wu, the  poor lookers on. hope lo recover? You  don't know how absolutely well 1 am  after my walking, not on the mountains merely, but on the beloved I.ido.  Go there, if ouly to stand and be blown  about by the sea wind."  Itntmtl tlio Corner.  A tall, green sort ol a well-dressed  tellovv walked into an east-end pub-  iic~the~oUici���diiy-vvhere-they���woro  talking polities in a high key, and.  stretching himself up to his full  height, exclaimed in a loud voice:  "Where aro the socialists ? Show  mc a socialist, gentlemen, and I'll  show you  a  liar."  In an instant a man stood beforo  the Inquirer in a warlike altitude  and exclaimed: '  "1  am a socialist, sir I"  "Vou are ?"  "Yes, sir, 1 am I"  '���'Well, just you step round the corner with me, and I'll show you a  fellow who said 1 couldn't find a socialist in the house. Ain't'he a liar,  I sbould liko to know '"���London  Til-Hits.  Atnu^y lu l!ot"H> Kacliftli.  Horso radish is extensively grown  by market gardeners near lnrgo cities.  It requires a very rich, deep, rathor  moist soil, and is raised from sots,  that is, thin pieces of root, tho trimmings of tho previous year's crop, cut  iuto pieces of four to six inches in  length. Tho laud should bo well  worked before planting, which has to  be dono early in spring. In fiold cul-  hiro tho sots are planted in rows about  three feet apart and 18 inches iu the  rows. The planting is dono by simply making a hole with a pointod  stick, dropping tho sot so that it is  about threo inches below tho surfaco,  and then pressing it firmly vvith the  foot. During tho first month or two  the ground has to bo kept well cultivated and clean; later the leaves cover  tho eutiro ground, so as to make cultivation useless or unuoeessary.  A Qneer Jnpnneiie Mnrrlnpro Cnitom.  Wild geese are considered the best  examples of conjugal felicity In tho  animal world. Thus the .Japanese  groom sends the bride a pair of these  birds, nnd she In turn presents them to  her parents. To further emphasize tbe  matter the groom brings another pair  to tho weddlug, and they roost In the  room during the ceremony. Their conduct Is watched with care, for they  must not struggle to escape during the  proceedings, Kortunate is tbe bridegroom vvho cunnot secure the geese  alive and must be cuntcnt to substitnte  toy Imitations of the 'birds, for then  he has no anxiety lest tbe wild propensity assert Itself during the marriage  rites and thus prove an 111 omen to thc  household.���Woman's Borne Companion.  California  in Summer  $50 from Minneapolis  or St. Paul   .  $47.50 from St. Louis  $45.00 from Kansas City  Out and back  August 2 to 8  Quick and cool way to SCO  Harvey Meal Service  See Grand Canyon of  Arizona and Yosemite  Santa Fe  c. c.  Agt.  CARPENTER, Pass.  503 Quaranty Bldg.,  Minneapolis,     -   -   -    Minn.  W|,,it IMiKKli'tl  Tommv.  Tommy had been worrying papa  wilh the usual number ol unanswerable questions, unci had been threatened with condign punishment ; it he  did not keep ipiiet. Ho fidgeted  iihuiit in-silence for somo time, but  ul length  broke out:  "I'a, Ihey say the rain falls alike  upon Uie jiihl uud the unjiu.l, doesn't  it?"  "Yes, yes. Don't ask silly questions."  "And it isn't just to steal another  man's umbrella, is it ?"  "Certainly not. II you ask any  moie "  "Hut, pa, thn rain doesn't fall upon the man tb.vt, steals tho umbrella, and il does on-the man that had  his stolen. Viinny, ain't it, pa '."���  Loudon  Answers.  Ingehinim Canncllnn ttrl(lgf>.  ���A--nnique.f eat. of _ engineering J_��__dei  scribed by an exchange as having  bcon accomplished in tho bridging of  a narrow strait connecting Canso  Harbour and Chednbuoto Bay in Nova  Scotia. The placo is known ns the  "Tittlo," and tho difficult problem  presented was the construction of a  bridge that would not obstruct navi  gntiou.nor require the expense of  erecting a drawbridge and omploying  tho services of 11 tender. Tho manner  of getting around the difficulty is  thus deseirbed:  Tho bridge is built upon stono-bnl-  lastod piers, aud in tho niiddlo of tho  control span a clear cut .of about  oightoeu inches in which crosses tho  wholo superstructure. Tho bouts that  uso tho "Tittlo" iiro fishing smacks,  with polo lmitftH and Without shrouds  or other sido rigging. Consequently  they havo only to be stocrod so as to  bring their masts in line with tho  opening in tho bridgo, when (hey  readily are poled and pushed through.  Tho spreaders at tho opening prevent,  tho Hupping salou catching ond tearing.  Traffic is much greater by water  than by land. When the infrequent  vehicle wishos to pass, a hinged board  across tho width of tho bridgo Ib raised  tip and covers the small chasm. Ab  soon as tho wagon has gone oyer this  tho driver is expected to throw' back  tho hinged board.  now to Live on Love.  Tho girl was having a prlvato conference with her father on the subject of maiTlnge.  ��� "The young man hasn't enough to  enpport you on," urged tbe fnther.  "But you will give ua something,"  she said.  "Not a grent deal, my dear."  "Then we shall live on love."  "Ugh." sniffed the rather...  "Don't you think vve can?" asked the  girl vvith the beautiful confidence of  youth.  "Yes, If you both stay single." And  the rather declined to discuss tbe matter rurtheS ~    " = ~   Finding For (he Lawyer.  Sometimes thc jury returns a verdict  for the lawyer, of which the following  Is a good instance: Mr. John Jones, a  barrister of groat Influence and ability,  was' a leading counselor practicing ln  the Welsh circuit. Upon one occasion  after n'-.felicitous speech on behalf of  his client lu a criminal case thc jury us  soon as the judge had summed up.  without.waltiug for the ollicer to take  their verdict, called out. "My lord,;we  ure all for John Joucs, with costs!"  Canadian Pacific   ���   . o,  "THE" ROUTE TO .  Australasia  Andthe Orient  CANADA'S SCENIC ROUTE  Travel by the C. P. R. and ba assured of SOLID COMFORT.  First-class C. P. R. Sleepers  on all through trains.  Through Tourist Sleepers -  the bost.  Tourist Sates quoted to all point*  East, West, South.  The Old Country,  The Orient,  The Antipodes.  Those desiring Information- In . regard to any part ol the world reached by the C. F. R. or its connections  are requested to apply to any C. P.  R. representative or to  c E. Mcpherson  Gen..Pes. Agt., Winnipeg.  At  Home.        .  "Can you talk on your feet?" said  the youug man who was thinking ruefully of the time be tried to make an  after dinner speech.  "I can," was the answer, accompanied by the baleful smile of a person  who Is about lo make a deliberate Joke.  "'   used  to lecture on chiropody."  Pliined.  the  mutter  "WhAt's the mutter with grandfather?"  "He's Insulted. You see, he's nearly  ninety, nnd he happened to hear you  remark that the good die young."  Canadian Northern Ry  Eastmr_  .*..Tours  ���via tho���  Great Lakes  Tourist Rates to all points ln  ONTARIO, QUEBEC,  MARITIME : PROVINCES  and EASTERN STATES  Ono of the most delightful trips,  with every modern convonience for  the comfort of passongers.  Ocean Tickets  by all Lines  For dates of salllnjr and rescrvit.  tion of berths apply to any agent ot  the Canadian Northern Hallway, or  to 0130. H.  SHAW,  Traffic Manager, Winnipeg.  Orchards in  France are  valued at  $400 ah acre, vineyards at $2-10 and | "Mr  TO PREVENT MISTAKES.  Employer    (to.   new olllco dov) ���  ticoige, if anybody should ask ycu,  I'll be back in half an hour."  N'ew Office Boy (running aftor l.im)  Jacobs,    how soon'll you    bo  naature at $00.  back if nobody asks ,mo ?' .BIG.POULTRY PLANT.  ���ntly Between    the partitions.     Set  >b.ahw ,���, ���.._..���..������ ., ������. n> K>1. S*^���1���'    W����    the  lermmi'i Horn* uml b'crateltlnr ftheds  for 050 Hens In SlaitKHeliusells.  ily poultry plant is located partly  on a vacant town lot, .250 feet long  und 150 feet deep, and partly in the  back yard.     The  three houses  cast and  run  west und fare the south.  Houses 1 and 2 arc each 144 foet  long and 10 feci wido. They are  built on the open scratching shed  plan, and each houso contains eight  pens. Houso 8 is 108 feet long, contains six pens nnd is also on the  open scratching shed plan. The lumber, out of whicli they were built,  was all rough hemlock.  The sills weie laid on chestnut  posts, 0 to 8 Inches in diameter. Tho  posts, wore sunk into tho ground 2}  feet, leaving the top'of the sill 1  foot' from the ground. The sills,  2x4, were spike,! to the posts. Tho  studs, '2x4, vvere 0 feet 8 inches high  in front and 8 feet 8 inches in thc  rear. Theso studs were toe-nailed to  the sills and the plates spiked to tho  studs, The rafters, 10i feet long,  wore 2x4s and cut nnd spiked to tho  plates, ends of rafters being flush  with tho outsidi! ol the plates. The  rafters woro placed '24' feet apart.  The- roof and the rear ..wore'.-, closely  boarded with hemlock boards, all  lmining lengthwise    of the building.  is a small pail for water, holding about live quarts. The  two pens are watered,from one pail,  thus saving timo and labor.  The nest boxes are tacked up about  2 feet from the floor, mostly in the  GOOD ROAD MACHINES.  Thsy Accampll.b Wonders and ��.on P��T  r��r Thamamlm-Kvary Country i>ls-  trlct Should lim On*.  The season is at hand when tho  bleeping pens, perhaps "three "to" a I Si��� i?' S.ide of road'��aking will re-  pen.     The,e aie buidf.n ������J? in IS!1��� H.3  due . attention,    and    the  ..        _   . by  cold,.-lights  BREED FOR A DEFINITE TYPE.  on  HO I���D0UHI K 1'KN  KI1I.H!MA.\ ECIIATCH  IVI. Sill 0b  It was then coieied flist with common sheathing papei nnd second Nc-  ponset red rope, roofing over itl This  double coiil of pupei was also put on  lengthwise oi the buildings, each  strip lapping the other about threo  inches and fastened with tin-head  nnils, which came with the papei  Fiom tbe mP, clown, .md sunk into  tho ground; is a board about 1 foot  wide bicuioly nailed aiound the entnc  building  to keep out  the wir.d.     In  fionL,     tho     locating    pen only    is  boaided up and shiatbeil w.th paper  -and coveied wita Ncpouset.    In tho  middle of the nont of eich loostihg  p'ii vvas set a hall window (sK lights  ot  8x12 glats)    in a fiame,    which  allows the window to slide back.   In  tho icar pait of each sciatclnng shed  tlicio is a doo.  2'xJ feet.  As we enter the fust house thiough  the grain room, the fn st pai t in  which we finu oui selves is tiio  btiatching shed, similar to Fig 1  It is 10x10 feet, with a boaid iloor,  covered witn 2 mencs of sandy loam,  over which is scattered, a lot of corn  husks for scratching matenal This  shed is open to the south, hut  bcieened with 2-mch mesh vvne netting, 5 feet high Theie is one stud  in the middle front, with a G-inch  boaid nailed onto the outside to finish, dividing the opening into two  pints. These openings me closed ln  cold or'stormy weather by  sc teens  Tne frames of the icreens ai c mado  of still inch fui i ing, 4 feet 10 inches  by 6 feet 10 inches, aud coveied  with common cotton cloth nailed securely by papei -headed tacks The  screens aro not hinged, but nre held  in pl.uo by two 4-inch who mule at  tht top and a sti ip of fin ring at the  bottom These scioens a-e. made 2  inches shorter than the height or the  opening, which allows them to be  piish'd up nt i' in" a.id diop in  placo The boaid which finishes thc  fiont of the rafteis extends cliv, n 3  inches below thi> plate. The s c-en is  innde to fit in tight, thus excluding  lain,  s.iow and dinfts of air In  svintci, when no' too stormy, ono  scieem is taken out and set behind  the other 'Ihe hens aie always fed  in this shed.  Adjoining this shed, as we pass  thiough a door is the loosting pen,  B.\i0 feet, two ioof-ting pens in fact,  with a second scratching pen hev ond  llie paitllion between thc seiatching  shed and the roosting pen Is hemlock  boards covered with sheathing paper. The doors aio hung with  double acting hinges, which allow  them to swing both ways, which is  a great convenience when Pussuig  througn with both hands full Theie  ara openings in the paititiom from  tht> sheds to the pens, piotcUed by  a hood which piovents dncct diafts i  Tl is hood is the half of a box nailed in fiont of thc opening to make  Each  pen  of fowls,  therefore,  has  a roosting   pen    8x10 feet    and    a  scratching shed  10x10 feet.        This  space is intended for 25 laying hens.  House'4 is 72 feet    long,   and   has  four    pens.        There   Is one    other  house   in     the backyard,  8x24 feet,  which I use for nny and everything.  lii the four larger houses I can keep  650 head of laying bens.   The yards  differ in  size,   somo    being 40   feet  deep and IS fi el w ide, and others 72  feet, deep and IS wide.  The fences are mado of 5-foot wire  nulling..     The     posts are chestnut  saplings, S feet long and are set   In  (lie hi ound 2 feet deep      There is a  board at tbo bottom, sunk   1   or   2  Inches  into    the ground and    nailed  .flihii.v to the posts.     The. posts aro  lo  feet apart;  vviih a stay - botwern  lo support the wire. The wire is  st etched as taut as possible and  nailed both to the posts and bottom  boards' with staples. There are 4-76  miming.feci .of house room, 10 feet  wide. These houses should, when  full, contain ubcut. (ISO laying hens.  At the time the record begins, April  1, nioo    '  cocks       On  n��. uieiugu   mere   weic(|n a i,uljr\0 beabei  about   25 hens    in a pen.        These     ,Jlu,n_ jn tho n,nUei  houses and yai do tost about S1.000 ! ntlli  complete with fl>..iiicb ��� Hev.    IX.   S  Keliciinan,  Ma>-taclnisctts,   winner of  flis*   pn/e in  Oiange  Judd   Farmer  poultry contest  j tho winter's agitation will be called  into play, lt is,not necessary, much  . less is it possible, to build macadam  And telfoid roads lluougli all of thc  farming districts, and if thc country  puthniaslors could be mado to understand the great difference in results  which follow different methods of  "working the road" and that'good  drainage and good , machinery will  together accomplish wonders with*  out an extravagant expenditure of  funds the'' solution of the country  road question Would bo vastly progressed, says Isaac U.'Potior in Good  Iioiuls  ICvery country .road district should  have in least one good road machine  or-'grader. It will do the work of  thirty or-more men-when the conditions uie sath ,ts to give tho machine liaif a chance. It costs but a  fow hundred dollars, will save thousands, .makes abetter road than is  commonly made by'manual'-'-labor,  needs but lew icpnrs and miely  gel.i out of oulei Mm cover, itcuts  out the loots Horn the weedy patches  along  the  loadsido and  foi ms a gutter which recedes anil carried off 111*  ..,���  ���... ������-.����� De-Kins, April 'sm-face water -und  if faithfully,   em-  there weie 668 hens and 29   pi0JlMt w,u lm���0 t|,a��� Jmv Sos. Jtsclj  )n the average   there   were 11_  .Tlio CuilRO 'if Hollow  1'otutoe*.  What causes hollow potatoes?- asks  "   Wright in The Orange     Judd  13   I  Farmer   I notice Cie si/c of the    de- '  feet is about in muportion     to   the  size of the tuber  Dr A F Woods U S. IJcpnitmcnt  of Agiicultuie, thus icplics' The  phenomenon occurs as the result: ol  several different causes. The most  common is :vcry rapid growth of the  fuller' under... Condiiions not favorahlo  for the pioductirn of sufficient tissue to pioduce a solid tuber In  Warm, slightly cloudy weather, cspc-.  cially in'rich soils and with varieties |  which m.i\c a i.ioid growth, the!  tiouble is vny Iikelv to appear. An-'  o'hoi cause is when such a period of'  i.ipid giowth is followed by a pei-I  icid of chy weitlici, the potato top  then draws upon the tubers for mois-  tmo and the result is then aiupturo  of somo of the tissues in the inner  poitiou of tlie potato. I have no  doubt tliat a similar splitting may  ariso from other causes as well.  of gravol  stone a few hours' exploration in  most iicif;hbi)[hoocU will bung to  light plentv oi ui.itciiul that is vastly -'superior for -.rondmaking purposes  to,Unit found in" the lines of the adjacent lo.idw.ivs 3Iost of this material hus tested in its oi initial bed  for ages and is substantially vvoith-  less for any purpose aside from the  woik of thc io.uiiii.ikti If giavel,  it should be clean, si u p and giitty,  and if not nam.ally uf this quality  it should bo cleaned as fully as possible by passing it.through a cheap  screen .with '���' moderately coarse  meshes  Before being put in the road, unless  tho original soil la  Whoa and   Haw  the   Farmer Cud Afford  lu liaise Colli.  There la much being said and writ-  ten  about   the    scarcity  and    high  prices of    norses.    At such a time,  when avcrything points to profits in  horse raising, there is apt  to bo   a  lack of   careful    weighing of condi-  ditions   wliich   should   be taken into  consideration,    writes   Prof.    J. H  Skinner of the University of Illinois.  The "ariper can well afford to raise  colts If he has good foundation stock  and goes ut it in a deflnlto systematic way, that is, has an understanding of what the market demands and  proceeds with, a definite purpose or  end in view.    First-class horses   belonging to the higher priced markot  classes have always been, in demand  at profitable prices, and it is on this  kind of horses that tho farmer   will  make his prolit.  On the othor hand the farmer who  breeds anything he may happen to  havo regardless of weight, conformation and quality, to any stallion  that may be at hand, whether light  or heavy, scrub or pure bred, or in  other'words, the inan who simply  breeds his mares without any defln-  ilo purpose in mind, paying no at-  ti'n tion . to ' t!^; market demands and  classes, will not only fail to make a  profit, but by producing "misfits,"  lie wiil help to bring about a condition similar to that which existed a  few years ago  Tho hoise business, (.which is in tho  hands "of so many different individuals, can easily be overdone. It will  bo five oi six yeais before tho colts  of 1003 will be marketable. In that  time trio number of horses may increase several times, and unless particular attention is given to the  kind bred, there will bo such a large  number of unclassed horses that the  market will go to pieces, leaving the  farmer the suck to hold, that is, a  lai^e number of cheap hoises on his  hands  A FARM WATER SUPPLY.  A Small Sprlu* Mad. V.rr Useful In Crap  Praduetluu-I'rof. Wlok.on  'lolls  11 .ur.  The opening up of springs is of tor.  m very satisfactory means of obtaining a farm supply of irrigation,; water. Their development sometimes  consists in the excuvation of- a reservoir in a piece of springy or marshy ground or in laying iiiidcrdrains  to tuke their flow and connecting  them with u more convenient rosci-  voir site at a distance. .Sometimes a  spring whose- flow cannot be recovered from the area of boggy ground bo-  low it can be opened up unci its vva-  tors readily directed to a single  choniK'i or to a pipe leading to a  rescn olr (seo the cuts). 1'rofcssoi  Wleksoii of California in writing   of  1   I  THE BROOD MARE.  | .' T.'ie farmers are the horse produc-  I ers,  and  yet very few of them   are  i familiar with market standards and  | classos     Their knowledge of the demands of the market is vague   and  indefinite and it    is    not surprising  of a diy, sandy | l,,at 40 per cent   of the horses that  i reach the market belong, to no particular class.    The great danger   to  tho horse Industry  lies in  this lack  of knowledge of standards,  and the  tendency to indiscriminate   breeding.  The market classes  of horses   ara  distinct;  they are not clnssifiod   according to color,  broed oi' degrc* of  soundness   as   many think,   but   according to conformation,Weight and  stylo; and the animal's fitness to do  a- particular kind of work, or fill   a  pai titular purpose.    These     markot  classes do not; run from one immediately' into another." 'There are wide  'gaps between them     For instance, a  horse which is too light to go in the  l draft class, does not necessarily drop  j Into the clous which most nearly np-  pioaches lt    To be just a little light  , for the. di aft class may mean   that  ; the animal belongs to no particular  class  There is no such a thing as a general purpose class in the markot  The horse must be something, or he  is nothing,  thnt is,    he must be    a  noAD machim: piifpaium, i-ahtii road.  or porous nature, a lino of three inch  dramtile should  bo lald'benoath the ss  'lorfce suited  to  a special  pur-  roudway and about four feat rl��m ,i , ''oso' or a misfit     The general pur-  possible,  for,     although  thw to^ot    "" *"'"' " "'  ^   ^    '"  commonly _egardc<l as necessa y   a��  eoidmg  to  thn Pstni,Hch,..i   .    y   ac  This p.iii of ideal bron/e turkeys  ii'ctts ell the icciuii emeiits of tht  s( mi'.iid 'ibe illustiation is repro-  d iced fiom I'm in I'oultiv  g to the established. American  pinetue, it adds vastly to the permanence of the roadway and insuics  its dryness at times when the gravel  would otherwise disappear in the soft  mud beneath.  Where slone of fair quality can be  easily obtained, a macadam road is  neither very costly nor very difficult  of construction. It is a common no-  ! tion among farmeis that tho con-  1 struc'ioti of a load on tho macadam  pose hoise is not hoavy enough for  the best farm work; he is not a  coach, carriage, or saddle horse nnd  consequently is a cheap unclassed  horse.  <s.lr..ln...  ��i...-d IxsoUnc. , p]an   ^   ft  compIlcatodj   dl(r,clllt    and  Dr. Hopkins, Agionomist at the II-   expensive uudei taking     A few Intel  ligent farmers, equipped with  liiiois  , -.,--.,.!.,.�� .vim a few  hundred dollars' worth of machinery,  can mako a macadam road as permanent and efficient as could be de-  sued.  Uollege    of Agiicultuie, has  been able to demonstrate to the farmer the practical relation of scienco  to agin iiltuie, and also that the ag-  iicultuial  college  is  a dividend-pay-  ,ng institution, looking ut it     from  Ihe viewpoint of an investment.   The  Hi ovei's Journal states that     corn  bleeding has giown  to be a distinct  mdustiy in thc coin belt, from   the ..������.,  stimulus of an idea onginated by Dr.   eVory    intelligent    l in al community.  Hopkins, and that the results of such    Great quantities of field stece can be  breeding has been to incieuss tho in-   selected    from  come to agriculluiists in the     corn  The same engine    that    drives    a  pebble loathe roacl'makin^ o'u^ot j        fi\   ^ S^Si s^Tw^fIt  Uanpb��rrx 1'ralnlnc for the Amateur.  An    Ohio    Farmer    coi respondent  gives somo hints about a fashion of  tiolllsing laspbeiiy bushes practiced  by an h-nglish gardener as follows  He set his plants about Ave     feet  apart, and between each two pair, of  plants he set a stake six feet high.  I The cants were allowed to grow     at  I will without pinching ami naturally  1 aiched over, as wild etints may     be!  seen to do in the vvoodt     Half   the !  canes were bent each way against a '  Post arid fastened .with bits of   soft  leather tacked to the post ns grapevines are fastened to a building. They  were not fastened in a close bundle,  own the     post  KO01IOM! 1IKI.OW A HlIJJSIDK SPtll.VG.  field and garden irrigation tells'how  bv  this means  wast' land  whith    is  both  useless and  treacherous is   reclaimed  and made productive,  while  at. tho' same  time  the waste   water  which destroyed    it    is utilized    to  mnke other lands moie pioductivo.  1'ioie'soi "Vickbon saj s  Manyfaims  have blemishes of this kind to be removed,  and  long ' and  costly" channels aro cut merely to provldo ,' an  outflow to,a water course.   It would  often bo less expensive to include   a  systc-m    of   irrigation and thus    to  double the return  for the necessary  expenditure.     Foul  mudholes    wliich  aro maintained   for " watering stock  can  bo made   lo yield a wholesome  supply  for  stock   nnd  an  irrigation  supply for the farm garden  by piping from the reservoir, which'can be  constructed on the    site of the   old  miidhoh; at ai little cost.  , All these  improvemenls can be accomplished by  tho ordinary incthods and materials  for underground drainage.  There is one matter' In connection  wi'U a projected utilisation for any  small outcropping of vvater'to, which  cartiful attention should , bo given,  nnd thai is uppio\lmata knowledg*  of tho amount of water which can  bo m.nio available.; This may ' bo  obtained before investment of labor  or.'.material is nind�� by opening up  the! spring thoroughly, cleaning It  but to expose its outflow and measuring the?flovv in u water light basin or a vessel of known capacity.  Note the time required to fill the vessel, ana It cun be quickly calculated  hovv imicii tlie spring will yield in  twenty-four hours. Almost evory  one will- be surprised at the rcsult'of  tho measurement; : ;-A trickle of water ,.; thought to be too Insignificant  for consideration will ba found to  yield u very elleclive continuous flow  if the water Is collected.  A fivo gallon oil can is a handy  measure. Suppose,the spring tills It  iu two minutes, the yield would then  be 3,G00 gallons in twenty-four  hmus, oi 104,000 gallons in one  month, and this amount is equivalent to nearly fom Inches of lainfall  on an acio ol giound Such an  amount,  if cuiefjlly    collected   and  Should t)�� 111 lliio.l 1-It sit Hnd  Prima Cos*  dlllon ui   i'.ijilui^  lime.  If you are desirous that your brood  mare produce good healthy foals, see  to it that she is in good flesh and in  prime    condition    at    foaling time.  Oats, witli plenty of good, bright cut  clover in the morning and a feed of  corn at nighl, will do tho work.     I  always stable    my brood mares   at  night,  turning them out during   tho  day unless it- be stormy, and I find  il pays to bed them well at   night.  It is positively injurious to let them  llo on a hard, cold Iloor.     I prefer  good dirt for my marcs at all times.  Especially    is     this  desirable  when  they arc heavy in foal.    Do not put  too much  dependence in your breeding table, but watch your niare clostv  ly, for she i3 liable to foal any time  from  ten   to  thirteen  months    after  | being bred.   When the more begins to  make  bag  freely, put her into a box  stall    about    fourteen    feet square,  with plenty of bedding/being careful  that-the centre   is   lower   than   the  outer edges of the floor,  for if   tho  ccr'tre is high and slopes to, tho, wall  tho mare is liable to roll'agniiist'it  and become cost,.'and'many a valuable marc has been" lost .'in this way.  There arc many little signs   that.;if  watched  closely  vvill  tell  when    the  mare is about    to foal..   When   my  marcs  foal,  I, am    in the.barn and  know just whal is going on.    I do  not Interfere with mare or. foal unless    my   assistance    Is    absolutely  needed ��� Chai les    L     Hardman     ii  Prairie Farmer.  J.ijrUt und   t.'onvfinlvnt Crate.  J. A. Macdonald sends The Breed-*  ers' Gazette tho description of a very  salisfactoiy shipping crate.      In tho  illustration pait of thc fiont sido is  cut nwny to    show   the insido    arrangement.     A good size for a pig  three   months   old   is   : Length . 40  inches,    depth    23 inches, width   11'  inches.    For a pig eight weeks old a  length of 32.-.inches, a depth of   18  inches and a width of 9 inches   will  be about right.    Crates for. shipping  by express must be made as light as  is safe from breakage.   It is not fair  to make a purchaser of a pig   two  months    old    pay express  rates  on  thirty or forty pounds of crato when  they can be made sufficiently strong  and weigh but half as much.      For  orablo they would reach the; ground,  section  I.VTKUIOII OK KEI.I.KIIMA.V l'OUI.TiiV ItdUSK  the fowls turn an angle to puss in  or out. The open jjtvrt of Iho hood  laces the rear.  The interior of a roosting pen is  shown nt Fig 2 It shows the  loosts, chop bonds and then' supports, also the posts, rafteis,  nest boxes and ,���. water pail  roosts aro in the rear of the  and consist of two scantling's,  35 inches apart, the rear ono  10 inches from the back wall  two  Tlio  pens  2\3,  beuif;  They  8300,000 a year. Thc   Illinois Agronomist hied corn by analysis.   He found that the mnnufactui-  eis     of glucose,  starch and alcohol  vyanted    more     of the carbohydrate  constituent in corn; whilo; the feeder  (especially tho swiro grower) needed  less carbohydrates (fat formers) and  more protein (flesh former)" in ;    tho  coi n    Taking the n>ai Ket demands as  his guiding stni'._the_dnctor-set���to  wor": tc~>mect it as follows: He made  analyses ,   of samples from a     largo  number of eais,  selecting for     seed  thoso- .cars containing the     highest  percentage of the desired constituent, '  und planted m an  isolated field,  to  avoid cross pollenization by     othei  corn, oven of,the samo variety. From  tho    crop obtained, a largo number  of cars are selected and samples    of  each car aie analyzed, seed  taken,     as before,- from  the      cars,  which are found to contain tho highest     percentage     of the constituent i  which it is. desired to increase. This >  process is repeated each year. .... >       j  Stalling with the ISoono     County!  White variety in 1890,  tho   average  per cent, of protein, wna 10.02.       In  live years Dr. Hopkins produced two  among the harder  bowlders which lie so abundantly upon the surface in many of our counties, and if each farmer who now  works out his road tax In the old  fashioned way would; contribute a  few dollars to the purchase of 'a  crusher and give a little of his timo  to the hauling of stono to the town  stono heap ho would be both amazed  nud gratified at the speed with which  the stone breaker would _conv ci t  tho'o- bowlder'- "into goat heaps of  road metal, ripe and ready for n  placo in the improved roadway  A piacticul attempt at tins kind  of improvement in towns where the  wealth of.the community'is not sufficient to warrant "expensive work  under the direction of an engineei  will lead to the most salutary results and by an object lesson prove  of j to the users of public.highways that  being, tho biggest tax ever Imposed upon  the rural population of th�� country  has been the tax of tho mud road.  ..SnlPWSG.-CHATK for swim:  ends and bottoms tako five-elgnls  Inch seasoned spruce o. cilbef tough  light wood, one-half Inch stuff for  sides and cover with spat-;" between  bl.ats ln front is a tiout(h, T, for  feed and water. Just abovo is a  sloping boaid, P, running to tho-  top, thiough which the fee<" in trans--  It is given The uppei core.purtment  is provided with, a slide, S, on top,  and inside is the bag, 11, containing'  the meal and grain fans ample for  the journey In cold we-ther ther  bides may be boaided up almost  tight To pigs weighing seventy-five  pounds a standaid of one-half Inch  sluII is nailed in th# centic of tho  bides Jbhavings fiom a blnrglo nvill  make thc best bedding  ���flic?*-  Whitewash fnr Furm llnlldliiua.  Tho woodwork    of    stnblos,   fowl-  houses and sheds of all kinds'can bo  largely preserved from decay by con-  ,   ._ -��� ���   tinned whitewashing.      An enduring  crops with a difference in protein   of I whitewash is made ns follows-  SiATi     per cent., the highest      being ,     One-half bushel of limo slacked   In  10.11, the lowest 0.66 per cent. j boiling; water in a covered    koep in steam  NEAT WAY TO TKKLLIS   HI.ACKCAPS.  and then the tips could be layered if  wanted.  In the spring the ends were cut  back fur enough to prevent the fruit  getting dirty, and nothing more was  done until after picking, when tho  old Wood was cut away and loosened  from the posts and the now wood fastened in place,  It.  HKSKUVOIU OS SITU Of MCnHOLB.  applied, would keep a garden of  small units and vegetables in food  growth even with very Iiitlo rainfall  if tho soil be of a fanly retentive  chaiacter. As a safety supply  ugainsl the shoit droughts of the  I humid region it would rescue a crop  i which misht be worth sovcral hundred dollars  Thus ii little outflow fiom a spilng  which might pass away unnoticed  undei ground or at most by surface  flow vvoulci only make a sedgy stieqk  acrciss-a-coinei bfTffield, can be  mado a potent fttrtot In pioduc-  | tion Of couise in handling water  j from such a small soiirco of supply  It must be constantly protected fiom  loss.    It    vvoulci  disappear m an  open ditch in a short tih'io. UsunTly  it must be conveyed in a pipe to a  tank or tight lescivoir and collected  in suftlcicnl volume lo cover quite an  area at each npiilinillon.  Oftncl S.i 11 Net-lift: flnnil .-feri.  It vve wish to    attain    success   aa  faimcis,    we must fiibt become   uc-  qualnted wilh the soil and be paiti-  tuliu  us to  the kind and quality   of  seed wo intend    to sow, su>s P. J.  JfcGlynn    in    Piaule    Faiinei        A  large number of farmers spend much  of iheir time and money b-iing and  planting pool seed     Many plant poor  seed because they    nie    cheno,    but  which ofllimes pi ove most exptnshe.  Experience  has  taught  me  that  Iho,  better the beed the beUir the cisp  Great care should be pi ven   to   tho  soil  as  well  as    to  thc  i.cid        0n��  variety  of beed miglii dc c\trcmcly |  well; In a soil,while, anolhcr. of a diffcient natuie    would be u. complete  failure under, similar conditions.   The  cultivation:���; of a crop is only ol secondary importance: in comparison to  either soil    or    seed     Thertfoic   it  should be obvious to'every One that  these  two  pai titular  poi'Ks  aie    of  paramount  impoitance ni.d luewoi-  t.hy of much thought from, those interested in agricultural pursuits.    It  is   essential   that    every farmer:  bo  thoroughly acquainted  with the soil,  for upon  this knowledge ��� liisi success  laigely depends, anil I can ti uthfully   sny lhat���if tln~rpai ticiilai point is  carefully considered a crop could be  easily expected���that is, it the ���season-'be-.a- favorable one���and not regarded as merely a matter of chance.-  F����dlnir the .-oil.  vessel to  Strain this   through  a fine sieve or strainer nnd add to it  I'lnn in e:iu<.|i .vi���in��  I would like to say that moles aio   _   n<l"y  t0  got I hi  of,   vviites  a  conos-  huvlng pievioiisly![,��"!1c"l'l<,r "'Cclei s tlnzelte 1��� mv  grown at will A plantation kept in I "0J"00tl i�� eiistein Ponnsjlinnia 'l  this way had tlio lows snug and niu-l ^lca"��d up a larm of moles.    Get   a  . - ���    -.....-.    ,.���w    .lull    LU   IL  a. son can bo teimeel feitilo   onlv    a ,lec   ol '011lm0I> salt piovionsly dls-  when  it contains   all   the materials I ~ohetl '�� "a"n    water    mid    throe  row until nearly picking time, when  the new growth vvouid sprawl somewhat, as shown in lowor figure; but,  ���as cultivation wns stopped during  July, this did not mutter. This probably would not pay for the commercial grower, but for the caroful amateur vvouid be both neat and novel  requisite for tho nutrition of plants  in tlie required quantity and in tho  proper form. With every crop a  part of these ingredients is removed,  and''it-remains- for nature and  to mnke good  this  loss  man  Practical  run length*iou of  the building- and    exptuence has p.oved that ntroi'en  aie set into a mete nt n ���  ���i.   ,     nh.^i         ,       ,        'lt n't���geii,  uie set into a piece of miring, which  is nailed bclwien two studb They  are plated 2_  feel fiom the floor.  Six inches below the roosts is. the  ���pl&tform for the droppings;   3   fwet  ^tx'i'-e and us long as will go conveni-  phosphoric aud and potash are the  substances most needed to be applied lo soils to make or keep tliem  feitiie No crop can be giown on  any ono of these elements if th��  other two are liickiutr  pounds, of ground rice boiled to a  thin paste and stirred In whilo hot.  Add also one-half pound of Spanish  whiting and a pound of gluo previously dissolved by soaking in told  w.itei and then melted in a gluei ot  Add five .gallons of hot water in the  mi's Hue and stii well. After being  allowed to stand for a few days,  ptotected from dust, the wash should  bo applied hot. This nuxtiiio is  some tiouble to make, but while n  good wash Is wanted it is highly  satisfactory.  A Hint lo union (.rowers. ���-  Onions grown continuously on the  same land are liable to attacks of  onion smut.The smut organism lives  in tho giound and is r.uely trnnsfci-  red except as it is earned on bulbs  Rotation of ciops and deep plowing  havo been suggested as a remedy foi  this trouble The iiingus attneks the  onion when it ls very young It has  been suggested to grow tho  few four gallon stono jars well glazed.   * Set tliem In the ground so the  top will bo a trille lower   then   the  moles' path, disturbing the path   as  little as possible.    Now tramp down  the path for two  feet on each   side  of the Jar lightly.    They  will  raise  the old path and fall  into llie jars  In tho morning you will find two ii  each jar, as thoy mostly go in pairs  Now soms one tell  what  to  do  gophers and oven up  for  Onts for lines.  Oat�� are not particuluily -lalnablc  i ^0S'��� *)ut answer faulv well Fed  alone tho results are not nearly so  satisfactory as when given with some  other grain. Being compaialiscly expensive, it is seldom advisable ' to  -_ ~ o - plants   feed oats to hogs   It is much better  in sou freo from the geim, then vvhen to uso bran, rye and possibly clover  they ai o well utarted set tliem in thc hny and the like to furnish the Dro-  open Acid. teln.  Klrll --nil for I'nlutoes.  The potato is a gross, feeder    and  vvill respond readily to liberal    food-  ing.   Keep ihu soil full of humus    or,  .decoying vegetable matter. ���"   Oftentimes a dressing of courso manure or  greeii crop  plowed  under, or." stubblo  and root system of n previous grass  or clover     crop may not" of Itself  contain so much plant food, but tho  mechanical elfccl upon tho soil,    the  breaking down of rocky and     inert  elements of nutrition in process      of  decomposition,    tliat   hnvo   hitherto  been locked up in an irresponslveand  uiisall.sfactory soil, is oftentimes the  making of a crop of. potatoes,     and  then, while llie potato does not want  a wet  soil, il does need a gieat deal  of moisture daring, the' latter'period  of growlh, and a good supply of humus will give the soil a very    much  laigei   .apatiiy foi   the stoiage     of  this  moisture  l.o un lip in IJnttt Farmer.  A faiinei tnnnot be up to date if  ho faim* .is his iri.incifiitlicr did Tho  ninetcinth teniuiv is out of date,  the twentieth, co'it.uy is here Get a  niose on vou and keep up with tho  piocesbion, even n .vou have to sub-  scibe foi an agncultuial paper in  oidei   (o do so  Eels  nights  caught best on thundery, THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY September 13. tW  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY  IN   THE IN-  'f 1SRBSTS OF THE MASSES  BV  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COM  PANY.  BASEMI'NT      OK     FLACK      HLOCK,  HASTINGS STULKT,  VANCOUVER, JJ. 0.  BUUSCRIPTIONS   IN   ADVANCE.  A wovk, B cents; month, 15 cents; three-  months, & cents; six. mouths, & emits,  ono jear, tl.lQ.  out all the superfluous words and repetitions.  A large number ot labor papers  printed handsome souvenir editions of  Labor Day. Among those we have  seen may be mentioned the Spoka.ie  Freeman, Rochester' (N. Y.) Labor  Journal, Duluth World, Terre Haute  Toller, and  the- Winnipeg  Voice.  ENDORSED RY TIIK TRADES AND  LAROR COUNCIL, THK VANCOUVER LARult PARTY AND THE  BUlLDlNCi  TRADES COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be had  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY.  ..September 18, 1902  Alderman McQueen says that tliere  are cliques in the police fores;, and con-  aeiuently there should be a man ln  charge who vvouid break them up. XVe  think Alderman McQueen should llrst  .iy to bi villi up the cliques in the city  iiuiiicil hi lore any more cliques could  be expected to be broken up.  beciles. F.very workingman In the land  would be at the mercy of the powerful  monopolies, rich corporations that have  "no soul, and heartless employers in the  shape o�� individuals. And what consideration would be shown these men,  vvho had nothing but their strength to  rely on? Why, the consideration that  the lion shows the lamb, the consideration that the serpent shows the bird,  and yet.tlicre are men who work for a  living who refuse to Join the unions  (hat are the means of preventing them  from working for starvation wages or  else walking the streets in idleness.���  Labor Record.  The publisher or a labor paper in  Pennsylvania, when anested the otlier  day on a charge of libel, preferred by ii  scab, eleclieivd that all that could be  .-.truicd frnm him was a lot of delln  epic-lit subset liters. Tho publishers of  any labor paper can set that, and that  Is about all that most of them can produce-  The Siocan is lillins up vvith miners.  Tliere is work for all.  Never boirovv frnm a friend Mint you  can buy fiom a .manser.���.Minna Antrim.  They shoot strikers in America with  as mui'Ii accuine-y as they do l.residents.��� Sydney Worker.  The liritish old ago conference declares lhai all should receive ~s. per  week after tbe agt' of CO.  ln ~S32 Sir Robert Peel said: "It vve  admit vote by ballot, hovv can we refuse universal sulfrage?"  Alderman Urown says thai Alderman  Wylie has more knowledge of the law  than Alderman Wood.   Who cares?  it if said that Hen Tillett will run  for Dundee, the Scotch manufacturing  town, at the house of commons elections.  ' Dr. Herbert Pish, of Chicago-University, says that no tobacco-using student, save one. stood in llie front rank  during nhn: yeais.  The next Question of nalioii.il interest  will be the ownership of mail steamers  in preference to subsidizing them, says  the Sydney Woiker.  The Trades and Labor Congress of  Canada should elect a "permanent"  president, that is, one under salary who  could devote his whole time lo the office the snine as Samuel Gompers of the  A. F. of L. does. The impetus that  it would give the labor movement ln  Canada vvouid more thnn repay the  expenditure.  ���Despite the mildness existing in thc  mining sections of the interior, there  never vvas so much steady development  of many of (he larger properties going  on, points oui the Ledge. One llrm in  Nelson, the H. (J. Riblet, manufacturing  at their factory here the machinery for  gravity tramways for mines, have at  piuscnl In hand over $100,(hii! of work  for local concerns, according to the  News.  It Is a caution hovv measley some men  can be towards expending money ou  the hospital. The health committee  lecoiiimended the- employment of a competent trained nurse to instruct and'aid  I bv young nurses who are in training.  Of course- this alleged "waste" of money  vvas promptly opposed and voted  against by Aldermen Foreman, Wylie  and Urown. Our .so-called hospital Is  more of a, slaughter-house for hti-  ri-nns than'a hospital for thc sick, and  altogether run loo much on tlie .cheap.  A man's filcndship for organised labor may be better judged by Ills dls-  l/ositlem to slay in the back-grund at  certain times (ben by his willingness  lo come to the front at others.  Mr. It. L. Poiden, M. P., and suite,  mot thc constituents of Vancouver last  Tuesday night. Had he offered the  country some good renson to believe  lhat his purty would do better than the  government has done, they would cer-  lalnly be moving In the right direction. The wcrld do move, and the same  old tory speeches of 30 or 40 years ago  are played out. For instance had he  told us that his party, would adopt the  principle of government ownership ot  railroads nnd take over the C. P. R., he  vvouid have been given such a reception  that would have at once; stamped him  .'is a man of progressive Ideas. The  transportation question is a burning  one In the west. Mr. Borden is a gentleman and a scholar, but then he nor  Ids party cannot exist forever on Sir  .lolin A. Macdonald's N. P. Something  new and progressive is necessary.  Joe A. Clarke, "labor agitator," is the  chosen candidate ot those opposed to  the government In the Yukon. He will  j-sobably be elected.  At Bermuda they stopped the circulation of the Psalms of David among the  Boer prisoners ou the ground that the  Psalmist vvouid encourage revolt.  The party that shall do lor the question of industrial slavery what the republican parly did for chattel slavery  . . . must be a workingman's party.  ���Henry Gctn ire.  "Is it any use to nave a trained nurse  now? We have run the hospital for fifteen years without one. It's too expensive a business," said Alderman Brown  last Monday night.  For once Alderman Wylie made a  good point at the council board. The  i lerk had duly called the roll of aldermen and said there was a quorum pres-  cnt. He- then started reading the minutes, and one oi two aldermen retired,  Ifav ing no cpiorr.ni. Alderman Wylie  dievv the attention of the mayor to this  I'.tct, who should at once have left the  throne and declared the council adjourned. AldrriTiiiii' Wrood was in the  adjoining room and heard the discus  slon, and rushed unjust in the nick of  lime to save the situation.  Alderman McQueen last Monday night  referred to the matter of allowing a  boy to drive the'1 hospital ambulance.  He said that steps vvouid be takt-n lo  have this thing adjusted.   This is well.  Vancouver should be made tbe centre  ot organized labor In Hritlsh Columbia.  At the present momsnt vve need some  strong mon to take a hand in directing  union affairs, ir vve don't get a move  on we'll go to seed.  Tlie other day a judge In one ot the  southern stales made a young woman  jjay a fine of $10 and taike an awful  "tongue-lashing-for chewlng-gum-in-the  court-room���another kind of contempt.  She should have used tobacco.  Sub.���No man should send in a letter,  whether long or short, to The Independent, or any other'paper, without carefully reading and re-reading It In order to verify Its statements and strike  President Ralph Smith left on 'Cues  day to'open the Trades and Labor  Congress al Berlin on the 15th. He  was In tho best of spirits, and predicted a big convention. Ralph Smith today, notwithstanding the miners of  Nanaimo to the contrary, stands as  tbe foremost man in the Canadian  labor movement. He Is one of the most  practical and honest men In public life  In the Dominion, and, possessing the  marvelous ability which he docs, will  not remain under the tide of temporary  defeat any more than a cork will stay  under water. Were Ralph Smith n  weak man he would have sunk to rise  no more in the Hood ot ungrateful labor  that has so often turned down some  of our brightest and best men. Labor  has too few strong men, and It can ill  aiford to lose any that it has.  Suppose every labor union In Amerl  cn_yvere_to_dlshi;ncl_nnd throw away  their charters, and every man, no mailer what may hi- his calling, should undertake to work independently of any  organisation, to hoe his own row, to  paddle his own canoe, to go ll alone,  what would be the result? The man  vvho can't answer that question ought  to go to an asylum for idiots and 1m-  Tho comedy of receiving the police  committee's report by the city council,  played last Saturday night in chambers,  as a mirth-provoking farce was certainly a success. It was regrettable that  Alderman McQueen took the stand he  did under the circumstances.' We say  his because Mr. McQueen is cne ot the  honorable and straightforward men the  city has in the council. There can now  only be but one conclusion drawn for  the motive of the kite police investigation, and that was to prove the assertions of certain people at thc last municipal campaign vthat last year's city  council and the license board allowed  wholesale gambling and selling liquor  after hours', therefore they shopld bo  turned out, and they were on these  grounds. Aldc-iman Wood, who was  chairman ot thc police committee last  >oar, stilted in open council  lhat there-        was        no more  gambling going on last year than this.  And his statement has certainly been  borne out by the facts brought out in  tho police investigation. Everybody is  morally coi tain that the Chinese carry  cr. gambling in hidden places, and so do  the whites, but to prove it in thc courts  is'another thing. This council was unable to do it-    : "  ^���������' .<QC)<.".'Q6<."t'$Q'*"a $0.��"O $ +  i  f Weekly  Offering  Hosiery Specials.  :. Twcmy-flva dozen of Misses' and  Children's Plain Black Cashmere  Chllilren'snifvvomfwuomfwaomfw g  Hose, assorted sizes, three qualities.  Hose Supporters.  Twenty dozen fairs ot Ladles'  Hose Supporters, with belt; patent  velvet grip; colors yellow, pink,  blnck and white; regular 45c; now  ���23c.  Safety Pins.  One lot of Steel Safety Pins,  black and white, assorted sizes.  Special 5c per card.  Are You doing Shooting on the 1st  You will find a full  line of everything  necessary at ���'-.,���'  . E.  , 527 Hastings St.  i 170 Cordova St., Vancouver. Y  4y We reach wherever the mails I  t   reach. ���  4 ���  __k ^____J______L k^k^________________k_____________________________L_________^__|^__________________^  ��� Tr,TV^TTrV��Y*VTT^rTT  THE SH0RIER WORK DAY.  CURRENI OPINION���ALL SORTS.  A FINE nW-OHTUMTY.  Another striku is dim to come off in Ferule ns  soon tis thai GJdnyH time limit expires. It will  tie up every Hiueltei^ in Kootenay and the  lloumlury and leave thu whole country idle  th-s winter while the inhabiUiits rustle wood  to cook their bacon witli. If William Lyon Mfic-  Kenzie King's department of labor is any good  tins is a tine opportunity for it to get action.  A littlo common sense and an impartial enforcement of the alien labor law would wive  British Columbia from the worst catastrophe  in her history.���Sandon I'Hystrcuk.  A CHKAT UMDKK.  Mr. Ralph Smith combines & Hue fund of  tact with a persistence in the pursuit of his  olijocts which has buen used to good advantage  in the interests of theclass whom he represents  It would be dithcuU indeed to fill his place,  and we believe that the miners will reitli/e the  mistake they have made before many months  elapse.���Victoria Times.  -TROREY'S SPECIALS-   \  X  9  <>  <>  9  It'll pay you to put olT Important duties Cor the sake of paying  our store a special visit Just hbiv. We are having a sort of clcnnln;v  up time ot It these days���seHInK on* .broken assortments and odds  and   ends  at  extremely   low prices.  BRASS'.LAJIPS, OHYX and BRASS TABLKS, ART'rOTTKIlY,-fiTC.  Therein not a thing In the world the matter with them.  AVe"simply will not allow them to conflict with the new goods for  the coming Christmas  trade.  t  The Jeweler and  Diamond  Merchant  COR. GRANVILLE AND HASTINGS STBEETS.  Ofllclal "Watch Inspector o�� the C. P. B.  ^S TO KATISli   WlllTB  IIIIKAII.  While bretul ifltittUrvtition food. .V dog fed  ou white bruttd and wnter will live right hIoiik,  ""ifiTiloj-'eil uiruotlilng hut wiiiie-brciul-iuid  uiitcr will die in twelve dnys. Killing white  hic.ul it* only a uiislu of liuie tint! iioimich  H|i:iee. 1'e. pie should home dtiy be wite enough  to liud this out.��� l.uuuiy'a Clftim  nam: tiiouhi.e.  And now the I'rcib. luiy ol Kootemiv i�� nfter  Crow's Nc-t hisi. l.'uul Co., hecuUhc lliuni.iimKer  will not m:II church j-lles ut Michel nud  Morrlbey.Troubles never come .singly.���I'a.ienlx  I'luncer.  SILVERT0N MINERS.  ;�������������������<��������.��������<������*0-����>����������4>0�� ��<fr��^��  (Hy Our Own Correspondent.)  Silvcrlon aiincm' Union, No. 03, XV.  F. tit M., ha.ve elected the following  ofllcers for the ensuing term: president, Samuel K. Walson; vicc-inoHl-  dcnl. I'eivy XV. Johnston; secretary-  iieuuior, John C. Tyree; recording scc-  icluiy, <J. Itri'.nd; conductor, llany  llo.-.king; w.iidcn, Win. Kyle; finance  committee, P. XV. Johnston, Uhiules  Brand and John Klnlay, jr.  The president-elect, S. I~. Watson, is  a bright, progressive young fellow, who  has been associated with unionism here  fince the Inception of the local organisation, lie Is a native of thc province of Ontario, but a thorough "Westerner.  The day of labor does not secure the  largest result in profit, when so long us  to cause physical or mental exhaustion.  It is riyht. for overy investor to look for  prolit  To a man who is moved by sympathy  with sufferers, who goes aside, from the  gainful lines of production and  commerce, and stiuliea how best to  secure anil administer remedies for  itches and pains, cost of living is very  often a satisfactory return; certain,  there are but few in a generation who  get rich in this work. Tliere are many,  however, who have got good recipes  from such stiulentRof n.itnre, established  laboratories and prepared specifics in  bulk, wlio have grown rich by the sale  of "I'ciiii'.dics for Run Down Systems,"  "Nerve Restoratives," "Sure Cure for  Headache," and the like, "l.amo Hack  Healed While You Wait" is.'soon to  be looked for; that the speculative proprietaries reach incomes  Hearing thu million dollar mark  is good business, and no uujuetice  is done anyone, none that may cause  complaint here. Hut tlio two schools  of doctoring arc called up for testimony,  before roferees whom no Coke or Ulack-  stono can bar from hearing even while  being interested parties iu the case, the  public���collective and individual.  The first group, affected by sentiment  that dominates the heart nntl lakes the  years of life, patiently investigates  causes of physical or mental disturbance,  and in answer to thousands of calls for  relief in cases of debility, headache,  backache, lame joints, indigestion,  dyspepsia���already interfering with the  money earning power of tlie patient���a  proper remedy is prescribed, ami tlio  prescription carries addenda : "A few  thus, rest," (sometime., weeks). Physician's time on visit and ex)K!iise. in  acquiring knowledge is charged for at  reasonable rates, and" drugs are priced  cheap because often, tlmy are procured  in a competitive market. The second,  proprietary, have u more liberal  privilege in advertising than the studied  physician, and testimony is given by  the column in journals read iu every  home, hotel, market place or reading  room. This testimony, by seven in ten  citations���often bucked by full address  ot patient���tells of men and women  worn down by "too close application to  bush"ess," "overwork," "requirement  of occupation," ami varied terms  inclining the one fact. Tlio remedies- in  this line are usually cash sales, the  prolits large, and the acquired  weal tb at the mcilieine-maker-'s disposal  ���as we have said, with perfect right.  The money handled by each person in  all these cases may as to actual fact bo  well spent; more it may be that it is  lii itl out in the very best way that it  cmlil be, under the circumstances.  Itut this fact seems generally to escape  notice. That the work lulehipted after  "tbat. tired feeling" (exhaustion) crimen  on aclually becomes it loss; it takes  entirely out of tliu net. receipts the  earnings of work done as the luliorer  presfces upon, nnd, going under it, works  nway from the losing line; lm would  botter leave thelielil of actual production  freetotbose whoiireseeking opportunity  to be useful.  It is plain, that uot only would a  healthful economic system be. sccuml by  reduction of tlie hours of labor, but production would be greully incre.iscd and  pn fitiniiiteriillyonlarged. TlieriifTcrcnue  bei ween earnings of long days anil (bo  shorter, , as apprehended by the  unobservant, is already being taken  out of net results.���I'inno and Organ  Workers .lourmil.  i  ii  H  <t  it  O  <���  Ir  o  <r  o  ii,  ELengtheraed  ABSOLUTE  COMPREHENSIVE)  FAITHFUL  GENUINE  INEXPENSIVE  PROFITABLE <>  RELIABLE  SAFE  SURE  TRUSTWOR/THT  {  Of what other Investment than Lite Insurance can all theae adjectives be as trutMullly descriptive! Any one or two place a security In a high class; all combined mn"co lt noteworthy. Many  more mlglit Justly be applied to Lite Insurance���BHE investment of  the aee.  UNION AIUTUAL POLICIES are every whit In line In progres-  elveness, values and privileges���contracts that not only aim to  protect ibut really do In the minutest particulars. All facts cheerfully furnished free.  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  erwear  ������  Few firms can talk with more confl ilencc on thc subject of Underwear thait  ourselves, knowing, as wo do, that wc en rry the largest assortment ot good underwear hi the Province.  The list comprises all the best known makes. Dr. Jaeger's, Cartwright ana  Warners, Wolaey. Stnnsflelirs Unshrinkable. Penman's ln various weights. Linen  Slcsh and Silk: also grades ln Knglish Natural Wool.  OUR SPECIAL, for which we arc sol e agents. Is the celebrated KN1T-TO-FIT  combination suits, In wool and silk. They are knlt-to-flt the form,.of tho finest  materials.  There arc Imitations of this line, 'but nothing lt> equal it for comrort ana durability has been produced.   Try one and you will wear no other.  Mall ordcra promptly attended to.  CLUBR   &   STEWART,  Telephone 702. 1fiO Cordova Street.  im 1U1  From Tbeir nanalmo, boutbticld and  .. Protection Inland 'lollierlea,  Steam,  Qa&  arcd  Blouse Coal  Of the Following Grades:  Double Screened Lump(  Rtizi of the Mio*,  Waah��d Nut and  -   Screeninfi*.  BAMUEt* M. KOBIK8, Superintendent.  EVANS, COLEMAN A EVANS, Agenta  Vancouver City. B. O,  '<~. ���.'-���"'. ���^';i;:',"����ii \m ���*,����''  und.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury  Health when you use  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it...  Orice [used, always  used. Apply at Office of  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  When you want tu hire a Orat-clu*  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery itables.  Telephone Its.  LINE  Scenic  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVlCt  Imperial Limited  96 Houra to Montreal���Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.  Transcontinental      Passenger    Train  leaves daily at 11 o'clock.  Seattle and Whatcom Express leaves  dally at 9.05 o'clock.  EMPHESS OF INDIA..   .'.   ..JUr-Y 1!S  TAdlTAR   AUGUST 4  BMPIM2SS OF JAPAN  .. AUGUST 18  SAILINGS    FOIt   HONOLULU    AND  AUSTRALIA.  MOANA :   ..JULY 25  MIOWBRA AUGUST 22  And every four weeks thereafter.  For full particulars as to time, rates,  etc., apply to  B. J. COYIiB, JAS. SCLATER-,  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B, C.    428 Hastings St.  Vancouver, B.C.  Importers and  Bo!tier*  GORli AVE.   'PHuNl.  SOLE AC RSTH; '  mwi wi ���������mawmami  srosh-jsftSftcsg  ~g~t���TTywunaf"  J! SATURDAY.  .September 13, 1902  THE INDEPENDENT.  \ii  tt. A. URQUI1ART,  ^Hardware,  Moves,   Kangcs,   Etc.  35  Hasting*  Street East.  ���00  ��������  tain words he used at a meeting on, I  think, the 22nd ult., did not show much  of that spirit and ware unfounded.  . UNIONIST.  Vancouver, Sept. 6, 1902.  PROVINCIAL PROGRESSIVE  PARTY.  oofs an  GO TO  R. MILLS, The Shoe -Man.  LETTERS TO. THE EDITOR.  A   "BEE."  - To tho Editor ot The Independent.  Sir,���AVhat's  the  matter    with    the  ��� unions of this city getting up an old-  fashioned "bee," nnd fix up our Union  .hall?   It needs to be papered,    kalso-  rmined,   painted,   and   generally    overhauled. ' We have the men if we have  r.ot the money, and let us get together  .and do the Job.   Those who can't do  .any of the work, let them contribute  .a day's, wages, which will go towards  '.buying ^the   material _ and   paying   oft!  the mortgage. ' Will some delgate bring  this up in the Trades council?  G.  MACDONALD.  . Vancouver, Sept. 11, 1902.  NANAIMO MINERS.  " To the Editor ol Tin: Independent:  Sir,'-The Canadian Socialist is trying  '��� . to teach Its grand-mother to suck eggs  v\hen  it advises  the Nanaimo miners  > what course to pursue, and what body  to affiliate    with.- This is, to say the  . leapt, rather cheeky. If the Nanaimo  miners would do , Just the opposite to  -uhat tlie Canadian Socialist suggests,  Ihey would act according to the con-  . slituiion of the Dominion Trades Con-  . giets. The charter they.;work .under,  cannot be annulled whilst there are'  beven men 'In the union who wish to  keep it up. If the 2C0 men who voted In  ���favor of the Coi gress are ln earnest,  - they sliould hold  their meetings regu-  Jlarly, as before- They are all right, and  would be a.-tlioutand times better off  ��� without ��� those' discontents In their  ranks.    When    the Canadian Socialist  ���prints stuff about unions, those interested should, find out what it wants to  talk about, because it tries tb maici  people believe one thing when the con-  ��� trary is the case. As for those men  ; having sons In government positions, I  . don't seo anything wrong ln that If all  Is title that I hear, for a person connected  with ' the    Canadian    Sooilalst  ,  would have been a son of a government  ofllclal If intriguing nnd gall could have  gained the position, and why this- cry  ;Js coming from this source is only an-  . other proof of mnn's inconsistency. The  Nanaimo mineis can nm their own business without  pointers from the .Canadian .Socialist or anybody else, I have  r not the least doubt.  J. H. WATSON.  Oi'saniw.' Dominion Trades Congress.  Vcneou'ver, Hept. 12; 1902.  . ��� .THE'UNION CARD.  To thc IMitor of Tub Indkimindext:  Sir,���Being a  busy man these  times  I  have  not   been  able   to answer   the  . letter of August 23rd, signed  by  that  mighty    exponent    of    unionism,   Mr.  Lamrick,  although  it hardly deserves  ���much attention, and were It not for the  fact that he seems to try to disprove  and flatly contradict some of my stata-  ments I should  have  passed  It over.  It may be presumption on my part In  my humble sphere of life to criticise  such   an   opponent,  but  as  facts are  stubborn  things,  and not being given  to perverting the  British  language,  I  must again state that there are union  clerks'  cards  displayed in Vancouyor,  and .Mr.  Lamrick displays woeful  ignorance of the affairs of his own union  when  denying  such    statement.   Pre*  vious to the removal ot a large clothing  store a week or so ago there was a  retail clerks' card ln 'a show case on  the counter.   I have not been Into the  new store yet, tbu t'i expect to seo it  again when I do^ visit lt.   With regard  to  Mr.   Lamrick's   opinion   as   to   the  duty of all union men asking for the  card, he has preached it so often that  It Is time worn and only further proves  my contention of onesidedness.   As to  my  estimate of clerks    being    drawn  from one, I have had the pleasure to  live In several boarding houses (about  20  years'   experience ln  almost  every  country  under the sun;' this accounts  for my narrowmindedness) where there  were  several  in .all  branches.'  I  have  even known1 clerks'to object to work-1  ing  men ���'.being   In.-the    same chouse.  T'here was one boarding house in Vancouvor   to   please   them   tried   to   run  two tables, and it  was a crime for a  workman to sit with the clerks.   Now,  Mr. Lamrick should not' give the grocery clerk away, and working men are  not supposed to know-such secrets the  way   he  does.'   Manual   labor,    'indeed  but he might have added menial, such  as many mechanics would refuse to do,  nevertheless you must understand they  are  business    men.   As  to    capitalises  leaving a store If the .clerks were more  manly,   that   wo'uldi stion   cease.   Anyway these cases are,mostIy imaginary,.,  What would they do if nil the stores  weie to employ union clerks?   What is  the difference  between  tt  clerks'-card  and  the  tailors, waiters and barbers.  You   find   them   displayed   in   all   the  windows.     Does ' the   capitalist keep  away from thein? .As a rule the capitalist does not bother his head about  such things, only when he gets plnclnd  personally.  'When I walk into the res-  taui'.int where I eat I see the waiters'  card in the window,   t go ln perfectly  satisfied   it, Js   a,, fair labor  establlsh-  ��  ���  :9  ��� 9  ��� 9  -  9  -9  9  *9  9  ���-9  9  va  ��  ��  e  -��  o  �����  e  . a  9  ���9  9  in mi  Is a guarantee of good workman- ���  ship. Our Overalls will outwear ��  ijny others, and will keep their ��  shape to the last. ���  Ask your dealer for them.  ���        0  -THE-  HI  (LIMITED.) ,  The Pioneer Union Overall Fac-  toiy of the West.  MAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPEG, HAN.  ���e*9��9oQa��aQe����Q������$ett  ment,   consequently    1   believe    every  waiter has his card, and have no necessity to ask for lt.   If the card disappears   t 'disappear   with    it.   Quite  simple,   you' know,' but  very effective.  As for the yellow plague, it would take  too long to prove it.   I will probably  write on that alone some other time,  and I hope I will prove my statement  and   show   how   the   Province   dodger  gulled   the  people  of B.   c,   and   -.he  storekeepers   swallowed   It,   the   clerks  -with-lliem.-Whflt-lniagl mii y-structurss  have  fallen   since.   Now  the  fact   :e-  nialns   that   union   clerks   want   every  one else to assist tliem without assisting themselves.   Let them get up and  be  doing.   When   they    show  us  Ihey  mean business they need not be afraid  of assistance, but lot it be in a manly,  straightforward  business  way;   not   In  a mean,  underhanded secretive wny���  ticket In pocked only to bo shown when  asked for.   Let them meet men as men.  Where   would  some  of  the   -grnndMt  unions   to-day have  been   If  they had  been  afraid  of their musters,   If their  meiiibeis   Iind   not   been     prepared   to  fltnnil together and demnnd lights aud  fight for them, very often In thc minority.   Sneaklsh  tricks only last u short  while, and end In disgrace and distrust,  finally evaporate, leaving things worse  than   they  were   before.   Open   determined  action  demands respect all the  world over,  from all classes, friend or  foe.   I heartily endorse the passage of  united   action   and   brotherly    feeling,  but let all sections be open and above  board, and I would like to see brotherly  feeling displayed by tho writer In his  actions, not so much by words, as cer-  Following is the platform adopted at  the Kamloops convention of the Provincial Progressive Party:  That this party lays It dowii as a  first principle that they will nominate,  endorse or support only such man as  will place their signed, undated, resignation In the hands of the convention  which' nominates or endorses/ them;  that this resignation be sworn to; that  this resignation may be handed in- to  the lieutenant-governor ln council  whenever a majority of the convention  shall consider such action advisable.  1. That we gradually abolish all taxes  on the producer and the products of  the producer, shifting them on land  values.  2. Government ownership of railways  and all means of communication.  3. That the government establish and  operate smelters and refineries to treat  all kinds of minerals.  4. That the franchise be extended to  women.  5. The abolition of property qualifications for all public offices.  6. Parcn Improvements, implements  and stock not to be taxed, and wild  lands to be assessed at the price asked  for them by speculative holders.  V. No land or cash subsidies. Lands  to be held for' tihe actual settler.  8. Ten per cent, of all public lands  to be Immediately set aside for educational purposes and education of all  children up to the age of 16 years to  be free, secular and compulsory, text  books, meals and clothing to be'supplied out of the publio funds where  necessary.  9. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes.  10. Restriction of'Orlental Immigration by a law on the lines of the Natal  act, and if said la.w be disallowed, lt  be repeatedly re-enacted until the end  sought is attained.  11. That to protect us from Asiatics  already In the province .the government  insert a clause in Ul private acts to  this effect: "Thla act shall be null and  void if the company falls to enter Into  an agreement with the government as  to conditions 'of construction and operation,"' and that the house- pass a  resolution 'to 'prohibit the employment  of Asiatics on all franchises granted  by the provincial house.  12. Conservation of our forest riches,  pulp land leases to contain a pro-  Vision for re-foresting so as to produce  a perennial revenue and make pulp  manufacture a growing and permanent  industry-  13. That the act compelling the seal  ing of logs by government scalers .be  enforced. ���  14. Absolute reservation,from sale or  lease of a certain part of each known  coal area.so that state owned mines,  if necessary, may be easily possible In  the future. All coal leases or grants  hereafter made'to contain a provision  enabling the j government to fix the  price of coal loaded on cars or vessels  for shipments to B. C. consumers.  15. 'Municipalization and putilic control of the liquor traffic'  16. The right to a referendum where  a, valuable subsidy or franchise ls to  be conferred.  '' 17. .That all transportation companies  be compelled to -give free transportation to members of the legislative assembly and supreme court and county  Judges^  IS. Election day to be a public holiday, and provision made that every  employer shnll be free from service at  least four consecutive hours during  polling time.  99&&��Q0&G)C 0��881  What Fit-Reform  Has to Say  For Fall  Novor in its history has Fit-Reform had such  a large and varied exhibit of Overcoats, Suits  and Trousers, nor has Fit-Reform been in  better position to offer such exceptional values.  The increased volume of business which has  justly attended the sale of ^ Fit-Reform in  its Agencies throughout the Dominion has  permitted Fit-Reform to purchase unusually  large for Fall���thus to advantage. ' ��  Benefits accuring from such will be given to  its wearers.  Therefore, tho most fashionable garments  ever shown in Canada will come within the  radius of every one's pocket.  Union Directory,  THB VANCOUVER TRADES AJNI>  Labor Council meets first and thlnj  Thursday ln each month, at 7:30 n. nu  President, W. J. Lamrick: vice-president  F. J. Russell; secretary, T. H. Cross; Ga-  anclal secretary, J. T. Lllley; treasures,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms, C J.Salter; statistician, J. H. Browne.  BUILDERS' LABORERS FEDERAL.  Union, No. 32, Vancouver���Meets everyr  Thursday evening at 8 o'cloe-k. In room;  No. 1, Union Hall. President, Fred. Collins; secretary. 31. Sellers, Western  Hotel; delegates to Building Trades  Council, II. Sellers, G. Payne and John  Sully.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION, No. 320��� President,  Fred Hawe; vice-president, J. A. Dlbden;  corresponding-financial secretary, J. A.  Stewart, SI Cordova St.; recorder, E. H.  Goodmurphy; treasurer, G. Bower;  guide, A. H. Legatt; guardian, G. Bowers; delegates to T. & L. Council, J. A.  Dlbden and Fred Hawe. Meets flrst and  third Wcdnesdavs of each month ia  TJnlon Hall.  WAITERS AND WAITRESSES UNION.  Locnl No. 2S. President, Charles Over;  vice-president, A. N. Herrington: secre-  taiv-trcasurer, J. II. Perkins. Meeting  eveiy Friday evening at S.30 o'clock la  Union Hal!, corner Homer and Dunsmulr  streets.  VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226, meets the fourth Monday  ln each month at Union Hall. President,  C. S. Campbell; vice-president. H. W.  King; secretary, S. J. Gothard; P. O. boat  66; tieiisurer, Geo. Wilby; sergeant-at-  arms. A. F. Arnold; executive committee, F. r\V. Fowler, G. E. Plerrott, W.  Brand, Robt. Todd; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, W. Brand, S. J. Gothard, F.  W.  Fowler.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday oC  each month in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at S p. m. President, Ro-bt. Brunt: vice-  president, Chas. Bennett; secretary, A.  G. Perry, 33 7th Avenue; treasurer, F. C.  O'Brien; conductor, Ed. Manning; warden, A. J. Wilson; sentinel, J. Howes;  delegates to Trades and Labor Council:  C. Bennett, Robt. Brunt, Geo. Lenfesty.  A. J. Wilson and J. Howes.  333 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B. C.     1  Self Measurement Blanks and Samples on Application. g  Mall Orders Promptly Attended to. ��� 9  i  P. O. BOX 29f.  ���PHONK 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  '    "'' '     " "   ''        <!���  ,i.  Wholesale Aqbnts for .  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS j  Brandn t  MONOGRAM, MARGUEBITA, ' BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLo,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  1862  1902  Provincial Exhibition  Under tho Auspices of  The Royal Agricultural and Industrial Society of B. C.  Will be Held at  -ON-  WHAT TKADK UNIONS STAN I" "'OR.  The trades unions give men the hope  of better things. They educate men in  the sense of human solidarity and teach  tliem thoy have duties as well as rights.  The trades union objects to standing as  a sponsor for all strikes Unit take place.  It stands for the vital principle that the  community of labor should have the  power to determine in degree the  conditions under which that commodity  sliall bo disposed oi'.   This is tlu; ethical  justification of ninny things in tlie labor  movement wliich to the outside world  may seem illogical untl unwarranted in  the accepted .political   axioms.���Prank  K. Foster.   \  TOLSTOI ON SCABBING.  "VliPlher a workman wlio- luis  lowered tlie price of his comrade's  labor, nr has accepted the service of the  wealthy, or ban entered the nrmy, will  better bis position, is as doubtful :is llie  Hiicri'Hi of the gambler. There may be  a tlioiihiind events owning to which his  position will reiiuiiu the siimc or become  even woree than before. This fnct,  however, is curtain, tlmt his consent to  work cheaper or lo serve the capitalists  und the govermciit will aggravate, to  some extent ut all events, the position  of the workers, untl hih own together  willi theirs���uncertain ns the fnct that  the gambler locoes control over the  sum bu takes.���Tolstoi."  Sept. 30, Oct. \m 2 and 3 Inclusive.  -Open to the Worlh-  .120,000���IN 1'RIZES AND ATTRACTIONS���$20,000  ATTRACTIONS  Corner Stone Carnegie Library will be  laid  with  appropriate  ceremonies  by the M. W. Grand Lodge, A. P. and A. M. of British Columbia.  LACROSSE   MATCH s  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Wednesday in Union  hall, room No. 2. President, A. S. Coffin:  vice-president, Joseph Dixon; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin; tlnanclal secretary, J. jr. Sinclair; treasurer, J. Ferguson; conductor, G. Fingley; warden, G.  H. Blair; delegates to the Trades and  Labor council, R. Macpherson, J.- M.  Sinclair, Geo. Dobbin. Jos. Dixon, Geo.  Adamb; delegates to the Building Trades  Council, M. McMullen, Levi C. De-Wolfe.  INTERNATIONAL. ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS,  Vancouver Union. .No. 151   Meets the first and third Monday in each  month at S p. m., In Union hall. Homer  street. President, Robert Gray; financial  secretary, George Ncabitt, 1207 Homer  street; recording secretary, D. Robinson,  box X7, Vancouver, B. C.; delegates to  thc Trades and Labor council, William  Latham, D. Robinson, R. Edwards.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. M., meets every- Saturday at 7.30 p.  m. in Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, D. Jones; vice-president, P. Burt;  secretary, A. Raper; treasurer, H. V.  Price; conductor, E. Embleton; warden,  M. Halliday.  INTERNATIONAL .BROTHERHOOD OF  Electrical Workers, Vancouver Local,  No. 213���Meets second and fourth Tuesday  In. each month ln Union hall, room No. 4.  President, Geo. Cowling; vice-president,  Rl'P. Irwin; recording secretary, A. D.  Hotson; 633 Richards street; - financial  secretary, John Dubberley.   CIGARMAKERS' UNION ,NO. 167���  Meets the first Tuesday in each month  in Union Hall. President, A. Koebei;  vice-president, P. Crowder; secretary.  G.'Thomas, Jr.. MS Cordova street west;  tteasurcr, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, J.- W. Brat; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  c JNclson. '    -'  THE    RETAIL    CLERKS' " INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION",  meets  In  O'Brien's Hall,   the first and  third Tuesdays of each month.   D. McLean, president; W.  J.  Lamrick.  tary, 248 Princess street.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND'  DECORATORS, Local Union No. IK.  Meets overy Thursday in Laibor Halt.  President, W. Pavier; vice-president, W.  Halliday; recording secretary, -E. Crush,  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Gothard, S22 Howe street: tr*an-  urer, H. MeSorley.     INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OP  Machinists.���Beaver Lodge, No. '188.���  Meets second and fourth Monday' lix  each month ln Union hall. President, .1.  Arnell; vice-president, J. R. Edwards;  recording secretary, A. 3. Thlrtle, address,  Vancouver P. O.: financial secretary, H.  J. Llttlier, 573 Hastings .street, erst;  treasurer, E. Tlmmins; conductor, S. H.  Bossisstow; guard. F. Coughlin  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN"!.  Union, No. 2���Meets in Union hall.  Homer street, every Saturday, at S p. m.  Stovo Dames, president; Chas. Durham,  secretary pro tem.   _   ���JOURNBTOIBN BAKERS' AND CON-  FECTIONBRS' International Union n��  America, Local No. -16, Vancouver, B.C.  President, > T. Baxter; vice-president, J.  'Ingles; recording secretary, F. W. Bar-  tie; financial secretary, M. MacLoan. 3169  Westminster Avenue. Mount Pleasant:  corresponding secretary, J. Webster, 2844  Westminster Aveue. Mount Pleasant;  treasurer, J. Wilkinson.  SHAMROCKS OF MONTREAL,  (Champions of the World)  WESTMINSTER LACROSSE TEAM,  (Champions of British Columbia)  ILLUMINATIONS,     GRAND  Meeting.  P. O. B.���VANCOUVER AERIE, No. t,  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren welcome. . Bert Parsons, W. I  BAND,  TOURNAMENT,   MAGNIFICENT  CONCERTS, SCOTTISH SPORTS.  Monster Excursions from nil Points at greatly l educed rates.  Executive���T. .1- Trapp (President), Aid. Sinclair, Aid. Ryall, Aid. Hart,  G. ID. Brynincr, W. J. .Mathers, lt. F. Anderson, W. It. Gilley, L. A. Lewis,  R. Jnrdlne. Geo. Adams.  'GOD   SAVE   THE   KING.  I'or 'Prize Lists, Entry Forms and full piirticulnrs write to  T. J. TRAPP, President. \V. II. __I"A1.Y, .Milliliter ami Secretarv.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION"  OF AMERICA, No ITS���Meets lst and  .lid Mondays In room 1, Union Hall.  President. C Whalen;' vice-president,  F. Losk: recording' secretory, F. Williams, ISH 7th Ave. W.; financial secretary, T. Wood; treasurer, W. W.  Toombs;���sergeant-at-anns,"T. Mat-~  thews.  O  o  NEW ZEALAND'S LAND TAX ��  Mortgages are subject to tho land  tax. The revenue from tho ordinary  land tnx Is, In round numbers, about  ��220,000 per .'innmn. Tlie rate of ordinary land lax for lflOO-11101 was one  penny In the pound. Occupied native  land is taxed a half-penny In the pound  on the unimproved value. In addition  to the ordinaly Kind tax there ls a  graduated land tax which commences  when the unimproved value Is  ��5,000.  P.; J. G. Ure, W. S., Arcade.  I For the graduated land  tax tho pres  ent vnlue of all Improvements Is deducted, but moi'lgnges are not deducted.. . . The luvlncd nites are now  cne-elghth of n penny in the pound  sterling when the value is .C5.000 ai.d is  less than ��10,000, from which the rate  Increases with thc value of thc property by further steps of an eighth ot a  penny until the maximum ot two-pence  in thc pound is leached, payable when  the valuo is ��210,000, or exceeds the  same. Tlio graduated tax yields, in  round numbers, ��72,000 per annum,  which is not included in the sum of  ��220,000 given above���N. Z. Year Book,  1901, page 397.  MAXES A FFKCIALTY OF . .  Dewrs wo! Liqueur, oiso..  osnefs Block uitiei Liqueur wnisior  -l.AR��K STOCK OK-  IMPOKI'KU AM) UOMKSTIC  . Ciqars.  R. B. Mulligan it Co  Props-  ('.nR>.KII Cokdova ANn Cakhall.  The"  Havlngthe Only Ui>-lo-])��te Grill Room  In 11. C. which In Ifcli ie h guarantee  ol a First-Glass Hotel and Restaurant . .  Soooooooccoooc  Seymour Streeet,  11  !,'���  /���J  \  1 .'  I  Advertise in The Independent. ,  iff  'ii THE ELEVATOR BOY  80ME   PERSONAL   EXPERIENCES   AS  RELATED BY HIMSELF.  .. Poor Sumnila Ib Love Smitten, and  All Thonffbta *f Thnt Glgantla  Mortgage Are Forgotten Until He  I* Rejected Fop Another.  [Copyright, 1302, by C. B. Lewis.]  WHEN I came to work In this  skyscraper, Mr. Basher, tho  agent, sat dowu and patted  me on .flie head nnd snld:  "Sammls, I ntu told that you aro the  bod of a widow and a good hoy."  "Yes, sir, I am," I replied.  .._._.... "You hnve set out to pny off n gigantic'mortgage on the family estates und  become    president    of    the    United  ��.*ntes'."  "I have, sir."  "You will put in twelve hours per  day for $4 per week and keep your  eyes peeled In the Interest of this syndicate?"      *   ' ��  "I will, sir," I bravely answered.  "Then I have hut one thing more to  say.   There nre goud looking girls ln  o this building, Sammls.   There are no  less than ten typewriters who nre tis  , handsome as Mary Anderson nnd ns  lovable its Lillian Itussell.    Don't full  in love with any of them.    Don't let  your young heart get up any pitn.it  business.   To fall in love at your, age  ���   would ruin your future prospects and  bring the blight of despair to your fond  mother's heart.   It might also snap tho  cables of the elevator. Take no chances,  Sammls.    Treat them  with  courtesy  and respect, but let your demeanor be  cold and reserved."  I realized that Mr. Hasher was advls-  Ing mo for my own good, nnd I determined that he should have no occasion  to find fault with me. Many sly attempts were made to capture my young  henrt, but I nobly resisted them. Iu  time I came to be known ns "Cold Storage Sammls," nnd many a man patted  mc on the shoulder and said:  "Boy, would that I had your strength  of will to resist the soft smiles of n  blnck eyed typewriter with peachy  cheeks!"'  But fnte was lyingin wait for me,  and I knew it uot. One day a young  woman named Sarah appeared in the  office of the Tar and Rosin syndicate  as typewriter, aud when she had tnndo  "BAMMIS, I DOTE ON FUESH JtOASTED PEANUTS."  her first trip in my elevator 1 know  that I was a lost toy. She hnd wavy  hnlr and teeth of gold, and her smile  was as gentle as powdered sugar. As  the elevator wabbled upward I turned  pale nnd red and felt shnky ln the  knees. Sarah noticed my confusion,  nnd, laying her hand on my arm, she  softly whispered:  "Sammls, .1 dote on fresh ronsted  peanuts. I believe I could ont a peck  of them.".  That wns sufficient for me. All  thoughts of thnt gigantic mortgage  Oed nway, and within an hour n large  nnd generous bag of peanuts rested at  her right hand ns she worked the keys  nnd chnwed. Love came to me with  tbe suddenness of snow sliding off thc  roof of a houso. My mind wns in such  a. whirl thnt night ns I went homo that  I forgot to heat the conductor out of  my faro, and I actually got up nnd offered an old woman my Eent.  "Sammls," snid ray mother when sho  snw that my nppotlte wns gone nnd I  no longer cured to be a great man. "if  you have fallen ln lovo do not hesitate  to confide In your mother. She will  save you if anybody can. Even If you  nre engaged she will find a way of escape."  But I lied to her nnd mnde out that  _I_had_a_lnme_back_nnd_.trpuble__wit_h  my left lung. I did not want to bo  saved. I wanted to go to bed lhat night  and dream of Sarah's gold teeth and  wavy hair. The next morning there  were gnuidrops on her typewriter.  They were from me. She came and  waited for mc nt the seventh Iloor,  nnd as we were alone for n moment  she playfully pinched tuy ear and  Biild:  "Sammls. I don't see how any girl  can help falling in love with you.  Some day you may bring me a box of  chocolate creams."  She had them ere the sun went  down, and next morning she had n  bouquet .of roses which cost me a  plunk nnd a hnlf. In return for them  she gave me a smile thnt displayed all  her golden teeth clear back to the last  ono. I wanted to die for her that day  to prove my love, but I was kept so  busy in the elevator that I had no opportunity lo throw myself from n window or send out after poison. I did  make myself a hero, however. I caught  rt district messenger boy loafing around  on the ninth floor and walloped him till  be bellowed for mercy. For the next  two weeks all my falary wont for  candy nnd peanuts nnd bouquets, nnd I  lied to my truMing mother nnd told  her thnt I hnd to glvo It up for police  protection. On two occasions Sarah  permitted me to take ber out to lunch  ond nay the shot and I hnd to borrow  uy street car fare home. It wns after  the second lunch that Mr. Rasher sent  for me and suid:  "Sammls, there Is complaint that your  elevator wabbles as you tnke people up  ind down. Are you losing your nerve?"  "No. sir."  "Then be a7 little more careful. A  wabbly .elevator scares tenants out of  a building."  It wns my love for Sarah that wabbled the elevator, nud 1 mnde up my  mlud tbnt matters had reached a crisis.  One noon, when she had pulled my car  aud asked me to bang my hair for,her  sake, I followed her into her room nnd  laid my young and bursting henrt at  ber feet. Sho laughed at me. With  her mouth full of chocolate creams,  bought witb my cash, she laughed'ine  to scorn. She lay back and laughed.  nnd she stood up and laughed, mid  when I had been crushed to earth she  said:  "Now, bubby, run along and get me a  bunch of violets to wear to the theater  tonight. I am going with Mr. Oris-  coll." "  I went out of that room n frozen boy.  All my confidence In humanity was destroyed In a moment. Never, never  again, could I believe ln the integrity  of woman. I sought iny home and fell  upon the bed, and 1 was doctored for  fits, loss of memory, blood poisoning  and malaria.. It was touch and go,  but I rallied, nnd inside of a week 1  was able to return to my elevator. It  is said that I look old and careworn  nnd that lt is easy to' guess that I hnve  n burden on my heart, but you w.-iteh  my smoke. No girl can wreck niy life  nnd escape the penalty. I am laying  for the faithless Sarah, and Fnte Is on  her trail. She smiles as before when  we meet, and her golden teeth gleam  In the semidarkness of the cage, but  there is no longer a responsive throb  in the heart of Sammls, The Elevator  Boy; M. QUAD.  JERICHO'S FOURTH.  WHY THE USUAL CELEBRATION WAS  L.1FORTUNATELY POSTPONED.  A Grent Advantage.  Grimes���I've got my name In the  blue ��� book this year, and you can't  think how plensnnt it has mnde life  seem to mo.  Hudson���I enn't see what advantage  lt can bo to you.  Grimes���Perhaps not, but it has been  a great advantage. Hardly n dny passes that I don't got n circular or two  from some brokerage firm offering me  splendid opportunities for the investment of my surplus thousands. Why,  it really makes me feel like a millionaire���n millionaire who doesn't have to  pay taxes,  mind  you.  A ftulet Tiii.y.  "My bnby cries half the night," remarked'Newpop,'with a gigantic sigh.  "That's' easily remedied,"' rejoined  Old wed, who is the. proud sire of six  interesting juveniles. "All you hnve to  do is to turn on the gas full blaze when  be starts the trouble."  "Will that quiet him?" nsked New-  pop.  "Sure thing," replied the other, who  had long since passed the experimental  stage. "Tho light will Tool him. He  will imagine it Is daylight and immediately go to sleep just for the snko of  being conlrary."-  Sure to Sny It.  They stood- on the lnvn lncrusted  shore of the little islnnd thnt hnd been  destroyed by the volcano.  Blnzing torrents still rnn down the  sides of thc mountain, while the very  nir seemed full of fire.  A man wbo nil nlong hnd seemed to  be making every effort to control himself at Inst turned to a compunion nnd  chuckled:  "Is it hot enough for you?"  Tho tnsk of burling him Into tbe  belching crnter wns Indeed a glnd sur-  ceuse from tbe woe of the inhnbitnuts.  Wouldn't Hold Mncli.  Mnmma ��� What are you thinking  about, Tommy?     ^  Tommy (aged five)���I wns jes' think-  In' how glnd I nin Chrls'mns don't  come in tho summer time.  Mamma���Why? .  Tommy���'Cause I wear such teenty  wcent- short socks in summer time.  , Severe,  She��� What are you thinking about?  He���Nothing.  She���Isn't tlint rnther egotistical?  Tint  Fur  Illn  Ileultli.  "The doctor's all the while grumbling  about lils patients who wou't pay their  bills."  "I know It. lie snys he isn't practicing medicine for his health."-  Magnanimous.  Waiter (after a lipi���Er���ahem! I'm  tho mnn who waited on you. sir.  Disgusted Customer���All right, my  man; don't mention it. I don't bear  malice.���New York Journal.  Pup Ferkln>, Poitmailtr, Relate* a  Patrletlo Incident In Wblcb a Committee at Three Got Into a Dispute  and Thumped Ench Other.  [Copyright, 1901, by C. B. Lewis.]  P to five years ngo tbe town of  Jericho used to get up nnd  howl over the glorious Fourth,  and It yelled louder, cheered  hnrder and burned more powder than  nny town of Its size iu the state. Then  n sad event took plnce, nnd there has  been no celebration since nnd mny not  be for five years'to come.  " Along the first of June, when a pub-  tic meeting was hold nnd committees were appointed, Squire Joslyn.  Dencon Spoouer uud Darius Stebblns  m  mw-3ii  "Alfti   IS   PAVOB   OF   MT   MOTION   WILL  SAY 'I.'"  were appointed a committee to secure  the services of n Fourth of July orator.  The orator was to read the Declaration  of Independence from the grand stand  nnd then Indulge in some spread eagle  remarks about Lexington. Bunker Hill  and liberty nud start the crowd to yelling. Jericho bad nlwnys had an orator  on that day and paid him $10 for  whooping it up. Two or tliree nights  after the public meeting the committee  on oratory got together to name Its  .mari_a'ud. notify blm. Squire Joslyn  'took" the chair and rapped for order,  nnd there wns the light of liberty in  his eye us he began:  "Feller patriots, I've bin thlnkin'.  I've nlso bin reitdin' up anew on American history. I've also bin out in the  cornfield prnctieiif my voice. 1 kin  read thnt Declaration from start to  finish and not skip a word. I kin tell  about Lexington nntl Bunker Hill as  well as if I had laid down my life on  one of them historic" fields, and I kin  wind up with sich words as will lift  every patriot In this town over the  fence. I've come to the conclusion to  be orator of the day myself. I don't  care nbout the $10, of courso, though  It'll come in bandy to pay taxes, but  I wnnt to show this town of Jericho  thnt there's no cnll to send to Dobhs  Ferry for oratory. All In fnvor of my  motion will say 'I.' "  Nobody snid "I," nnd after n painful pause the squire sat down nnd the  dencon got up.  "Sons of liberty," said he ns ho got  his mouth ready, "we hev jest listened  lo a few remnrks from ono who is  wfiSs' to lay down his life that the  (lag of the freo mny continue to wave  ou. Everybody who has tho honor of  fcnowln' Squar Joslyn knows how self  sacriiicin' he is and must honor hlui  for it. America is wlllin' to accept n  sacrifice from all her sons, but sho  feds thut It ain't fair to ask too much.  As It would be too much to nsk the  squnr, who has had quinsy four different times within the last yenr, to rend  nnd orate for n couple of hours witb  his hat off, this grent nnd glorious nation has requested me to take the place.  I'm willin' to do It. nnd do my best. I  nln't after that $10, though of course  lt will be handed -over to me, but I  shall see to urouso sieh n feelin' of love  of country In this town of Jericho as  r.o livin' man hns even witnessed. I  don't think thnt nny further remnrks  are needed jest nt present and will now  put the motion to vote."  The dencon voted for himself, but  the squire nnd Dnrins Green sat there  ns cold as lumps of ice. When the  dencon bud dropped Into his chair,  Darius got up. It took him a long  minute. Then It took him nnother minuteitolook around aud begin:  "There hns never bin n time since 1  was old 'miff to ride around on a  broomstick that I wasn't willin'to p:mr  out my blood fur my country's sake."  "Jest like me!" whispered the squire.  "And jest like me!" added the deacon.  "And this willin'ness has increased  as I growed older." continued Darius,  "nml today the climax has bin reached.  The country ain't nskln' mo to shed my  blood to prevent the landln' of a tyrant  on these shores, but I hear her voice  callin' on me to step In and make Jerk  cho's Fourth of July eclcbrntlou one  of the grandest successes of the age.  My country says thai 'Squar Joslyn Is  willin' to perish, but hasn't the voice of  an orator,'and she says that Deacon  Spoouer would shed Ills last drop of  bluoil. fur liberty, but hns catarrh In  the head. To save the day I am nsked  to step In "as orntor. Believe me, my  friends. $10 Is nothin' to me, but"���  "I cnll this ineetln' to order!" shouted  the squire lis he rapped on thc desk.  "I move wc adjourn!" yelled the deacon as he clapped on his hat.  "Feller patriots, what's wrong?" asked Darius as he squinted around as if  expecting to see Washington crossing  the Delaware.  "Look here," snld thc squire ns he  stood up wltn flushed fnce. "J hovn't  had the quinsy in over two years!"  "And If nny body 6nys I hev catarrh  In the bead he's a liar!" added tbe deacon.  "Waal, If I'm wrong I ask pardon."  said Darius. "I. simply wnnted you  to know that I was willin' to sacritlee  myself. =-~_i' It. settled that I'm to be  the orator of the day?"  . "Not by a blamed sight!" answered  thc squire.  "Not by a jugful!" replied the deacon. ,  "Then who Is?"  "I urn!" answered both In chorus.  "But I'll bet n farm you ain't!"  Then begun n strangle that will go  down to future generations. Each of  the three wiis linunil and determined  to be orator or "In:.-.!" up tiie county.  The.v talked M'|uirii!e!y. and the.v talked In chorus. They talked of Columbus, tin- Mayflower and tlie bell of liberty, and they talked of Valley Forge,  I.undy's l.ane ami ".oston Harbor.  They called one number patriots and  liars, aud the.v called oue another Tories and heroes. The meeting hnd lasted three hours; when somebody dropped  in anil found tin-thief.- sons ol' freedom  lying under the table. They had  thumped eaeli other until Ihey could  thump mi inure. Nest day each went  iruiiiitl iip;ii.;:!!ut; to his friends,  and  the fri  sides, ami It  wasn't  2-1 h-.uirs b-.-ftire Jericho's Fourth of  July ptiigranime was "busted" all lo  squash, and up lo this date she has  not buen ::!)'u- to u ::ke :iiicli:ir.  M. OUAD.  CIr.lv tie Atjo-cirjvizcii.  "Ho" wax an i-k-valur m;i:i and consequently one ii the mighty of the  earth. Into the elevator limped a suffering uio'i'tnl who scarcely dared to  set his foot down. The olovalvr man,  just to encourage his caller to hurry,  placed his foot carefully upon the little loe of the passenger. There resulted, first, a groan, then a shiver, then a  yel!, and finully n tornado of profanity.  Being of a religious persuasion, the  elevator man mildly- rebuked his passenger for such au outburst and asked  what   was   the   matter.     "Why,   you   ," said tlie passenger, "you just  stepped square on tin !::l!��ir.i'd corn!"  "Do you suffer from corns V" asked he  of the elevator blandly. "Then you have  my sympathy. I know whnt it menus."  ���Philadelphia Telegraph.  TRAINING OF HORSES  CAREFUL   HANDLING  TO   FIT   THEM  FOR CIRCUS TRICKS.  Horrified.  "Just think, cnlonel." she said as  thoy were passing the drugstore, "tbo  man wlio owns that place was arrested and lined last week for putting  whisky Into the ice cream soda that  sonic of bis customers ordered. Isn't  such n thing perfectly awful in such u  community as this?"  "The wretch!" exclaimed the grand  old Kcntuokian. "lie ought to have  been drawn and quutnhed. No punishment, my deah young lady, could bo  too sevenb fob :t man who would spoil  whisky by mixing it thnt way."���Chicago Itccoril-llerald.  Diku;m>"ov::1.  Little Sadie (afier a whipping)���I  think papa is dreadful. Was he the  only man you could get, mamma?���  New York Journal.  Pna* the Tic,  "Did you mnke these pies?"  "Yes; and I suppose you ure going to  say you'll hnve to get n hammer to  break them?"  "No; there's only one objection."  "Pshaw!    Perhaps they're not like  those your mother used to malte?"  ���"Wrong���ngain.-=���They-'re���not ���big  enough."���Judge.  .        The Melon*.  "You ndtnit you stole tbe melons?"  snld the judge.  "Oh, yes, suh. I sfoled um!"  "And yet you nsk for mercy?"  "Yes. suh. knzc de white mnn kotch-  ed me 'fo' I had a chance ter cat um!"  ���Atlanta Constitution.  Gnve IlirtiKOlf Aith?.  Justice���The .witness-positively Identifies you ns the burglar.  ���Bully I'.lelK-llowi'onlil he Identify  me when lie.had Ids' head covered up  In the bedclothing nil the'.'tliua?���Milwaukee Dally News.  'Love In Summer.  '.IIS.  Whon you arc far away  And 1 keep tolling bore,  Knch hour seems a dny.  When you are fur awny,  The sky ls always gray,  The world ls dark and drear���  When you are tar nway  And I keep tolling hero.  SUE.  When I nm for awny  And you are tolling here,  I'm glad you're never gay.  When I am far away,  How proud I'll be all day  To thtnk you slifTer, dear���  When I nm far away  And you nre tolling here.  ���Chicago Record-Herald.  The Cnndldnte Por Ring nonorn  Mmt Have Special Point! Well Developed ��� Horflvi. Can He Coaxed.  Like a Chlld.-lmt Hot Forced,  "A trainer must possess two qunllfl-  cations before he can successfully educate a horse to do tbe tricks seen In n  circus���he must possess kindness and  perseverance.  "A veteran trainer selects bis horses  with as much cnre ns it society womnn  plans a purty gown. The candidate for  tbe future upplttuso of the circus going  people of the world must be handsome  In color, us near perfect as possible in  conformation und possess nn even temperament Ills eyes must bu Inrge und  devoid of tbo least truce of vielous-  uess, be must hold bis enrs pointed  slightly forward, untl he must huve'u  sensible looking bend, broad between  the eyes. - Horses that lay bnck lhelr  ears at tbe approach of a man. who  nip viciously nt every passerby' und  whose eyes plainly demonstrate n  mean disposition ure discarded. A  trainer will hutuilc no uniuial of this  kind.  "Once tbo candidate Is selected be is  shipped to the winter quarters of tbe  circus nnd assigned to a comfortable  stall iu a lnrge, clean, well ventilated  barn tenanted b.v several Iiundred bounties of liis kiinl. Good bny und outs ure  his lu abundance, und for several days  he is allowed to rest and become familiar with his surroundings. The trainer  visits him daily nntl bj\spenking kindly and occasionally giving the animal n  bit of sugar gains his confidence. After  a time tlie horse begins to whinny tit  tbe approach of tbe trainer, nml the  bond of friendship ls thus quickly ce-  meutcd.  "Then comes tbe first lesson. The  candidate is introduced to the training  ring constructed near the barn and allowed to wander about at will. Ho  smells the sawdust, the pedestals and  the harness aud ropes that will soon  be buckled about his body aud^lien,  horselike, lies down in the center of the  ring and enjoys a good roll. '  "Next day he is led around and  nronnd the ring for several hours nnd  soon understands lhat he Is expected  to encircle the ring of his own accord.  Then u strap is placed around his right  foreleg, nud from this strap n rope is  run through harness fastened around  his body. The trainer grasps the free  end of the rope iu one band nud u pair  of lines attached to the horse's bridle  In tbe other. Tbe animal is told to  'get up,' nud after tbe ring is encircled  n few times the command 'whoa' Is  given. If tbe horse refuses to obey, n  quick pull on the rope draws his leg  from under him. ami he ts forced to  stop. Ouly a few demonstrations of  this kind are necessary to show the  horse that he must stop when the command is given.  "After these preliminaries are satisfactorily accomplished the equine pupil  is taught to kneel first on oui- knee,  then on the other nud finally on both.  All this Is aeeonipll.slied by drawing  up the front legs, oue at a time, thus  forcing him down. Ills knees unpadded to prevent Injury, and every  time he Is forced down the command  to kneel is given, and the animal is  petted and reassured wllh kind words  until finally he kneels at the word.  "it Is in these preliminary lessons  that a good performer. Is mnde or  spoiled. The Instructor must be linn  and resolute, but kind, always kind. A  horse is liko a child:,you may coax  him. Iiut you can't force without spoiling his disposition. The animal quickly notices any show of ill temper or  roughness on tin- part of the instructor  untl resents It by becoming bulky and  obstinate. Blows or bars I) punishment  only niiilii' lilm worse. You frt-qui'iilly  lii-nr people assert thnt nuiinals arc  beaten Into submission In teaching  them tricks. People who say tills never  saw the Inside of the training quarters  of n modern circus. A horse or any other unlinul conquered ln this way Is  never reliable anil js apt to spoil n performance by un outbreak of bad temper, besides being dangerous to handle.  "The next lesson for the liiii'se Is tho  nrt of lying down nYicl remaining mo  tionlt-SR until the word Is given to rise!  This Information Is imparted to the  horse In n muunor similar lo the kneeling lesson. An ingenious harness  "makes-It- possible ~for-the-tru inor_to-  ilraw the horse down on a soft bed or  bay without Injuring hlni. When the  horse willingly lies down at the word  or command, he Is taught to sit upon  Ills haunches nnd then is gradually  llrilled into the other tricks thai always draw applause from children and  adults alike.  "It Is usually an easy matter to tench  n horse to stand upon a pi-ili-stal. to  waltz, rear on his hind legs uml march  in unison with equine companions nfter these simple lessons nre thoroughly  learned nnd the horse, understands the  trainer Is his friend and not his enemy.  The horse of,-, average intclllgcni'c  learns quickly as soon as be realizes  what Is required'of hlni. The main  requisite on tin- trainer's part Is pa  tlenee, and If u man hasn't got this,  nnd lots of It he hud better keep out or  tbe business. If be gets excited or Impatient nnd goes to hauling the horse  about unnecessarily, the nnlmal Is sure  to become uneasy nud fretful, nnd a  little experience of this kind will spoil  him.  "The better bred n horse Is the more-  Intelligence It hns nnd the more apt it Is  to make u good performer, provided lt  bus been bandied properly from colt-  bood. All high bred horses, however,  nre nervous nnd require kind treatment in order to insure good resulls."-  Cleveiand Plain Dealer.  AT THE HAT COUNTER.  To be or not to be, that ls the question;  Whether 'tis nobler to give up twenty dollars  And near a panama that folks won't notice  Or take an imitation that Tom. Dick and  Harry  Will smile at as we puss them?   To Bave,  to pay  Three plunks and by that splendid saving  show  The missus how she ought to save herself  When she buys huts!   'Tis a consummation  Devoutly to be wished.   To save���to show  Tho 'world our cheaper side; aye, there's  tha rub!  For with our Imitation goods whnt slurs  may come  Concerning our position in thc world,  Must give us pause: there's the respect  We would Inspire in the grocer's boy;  And who would bear the bulchcr'ti quips  and scorn,  Tho conductor's wrong, tho Iceman's contumely.  Tho pangs of one despised by dry goods  clerks,  The Insolence of hackmen and tho spurns  That he who wears cheap headgear has to  take  When  by Investing  merely  what would  pny  Ills rent for half a month he might put on  A rakish panama'   Who would hesitate  To grunt and nweat under a cheap straw  hat,  But  that  tho  dread  of something men  i   might say���  Ths  unheard  slurs  of  people  wo  don't  know  And ne'er may pass but once���puzzles the  will  And makes us often rob ourselves to win  Respect from thoso who never notico ua.  Thus foolish pride makes monkeys of us  nil.  And thus the native hue of Independence  Ia ulckned o'er with tho pale cast of fear.  And we that think wo don't care what  men say,  With   sullty   consciences   hand   up   tho  dough1  ���Chicago Record-Herald.  One of Those Break*.  --3����~rf~l_E______i  Hostess (to lady guest after dinner)���  Doesn't your husband smoke?  Guest���Ob, usually, nfter a good dinner, but be doesn't seem to care for lt  today.  Wanted���A Mother-in-law.  Hurry ��� What's the matter, Fred?  Tou look as glum ns a sick dog. I  suspect there's a woman in tbo case.   '  Fred���There ls, Harry.- I may as  well confess it  Harry���And, pray, who is tbe woman?  Fred���She's the mother of the girl  who Is thinly girl In all the world  to mo.���Boston Transcript  A Drummer,  Bacon���What's bis business?  Egbert���Why, he's a drummer for  automobiles.  Bncon���Oh, they have drummers for  those things, do they? Well, It's a  good idea. I think lt would be much  safer If they bnd a drummer and a  lifer in front of each of the machines.  ���Youkers Statesman.  A Donutful Ontlook.  "Do you think my daughter can learn  to dance, professor?"  "I'm afraid, madame, zat eot will  be ccmposslble to reverse ze weight."  "What do you menn by tbat, professor?"  "I mean zat her heels are too heavy  and ber head to light."���Cleveland  Plain Denier.  A Way to Fortune,  Aftor running Into several trees and  fences Duff dismounted from the bicycle.  "It's money In niy pocket uot to get  on-it,'-he remnrked; ���-��� ���  "Iiow?" Inquired Muff.  "Because I feel I nm better off."���  Philadelphia North American.  If�� All Over. ,  She���Hnve you ever been arrested  for scorching ln your chnufflng concern?  He���No, darling; I���  She���Then we must pnrt. I bnve  made a vow thnt I enn nover be tbo  wife of one who Is not n hero.���Chicago Record-Herald.  Vindictive.  Mac���Sbe snid she would never forgive blm.  Ethel���But she nfterwnrd married  blm.  Mne���Tbnt merely shows thut sln��  meant whnt she snld.���Brooklyn Lite.  Tlie Complacent  Wife.  Mrs. Muggins-Your husbnnd seems  like a mun of rare good tuste und excellent Judgment.  Mrs. Bugglns���Of course. Otherwise  he wouldn't huve wanted to marry'me.  ���Philadelphia Record.  Took  llhii  Mterullr.  "I told you. John, to bung the horse's  tall.   Why haven't yon done It ?"  "Tbe very first swut I gnve him he  got so ugly J v.'ns a feared to go near  bin i"-.'i'n."-.\"i-w Yoik World.  ~ ~   ~5~i'ir""-.w7i.V-- " THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVEP., n. c.  The Bell tclephono system in Montreal is handicapped by an epidemic  of matrimony among the girls in tho  employ of the company. In one office  the company have found it necessary  to replace sixty operators within the  last few months, nnd in the majority  of cases matrimony Is given as tho  cause.  Mrs. Smith���"I declare this leg of  mutton has shrunk away almost to  nothing." Willie Smith���"Perhaps,  mamma, it came off tho same sheep  as my ilannel did."  THE BRIGHTEST FLOWERS must  tailo, but young lives ondungored by severe coughs and colds may be preserved  b.v Dr. Thomas' Ecleetrlc Oil. Croup,  whooping cough, bronchitis, ln shert all  affections of the throat and lungs/ aro  i el loved by this sterling preparation,  which also remedies rheumatic pains,  sores, brulsos. piles, kidney difficulty, anil  ls most economic.  Knight, tho Winnipeg bicycle thief,  hns been sentenced to three yenrs in  tho penitentiary.  I bought a horso with a supposedly incurable ringbono for $80.00,  cured him with S1.00 worth of  MINARD'S LINIMENT, and sold  him in four months for $85.00. Profit on Liniment,  $54.00.  MOISE  DEROSCE,  Hotel Keeper.  St. Phillip's Que., Nov. 1st, 1901.  Minard's Liniment Cores Burns, Etc.  The cost of battleships is increasing. The Bulwark, built at Devon-  port will represent an outlay oi ��1,-  082,805.  Tbo loid    chancellor of Ireland   is  tho most highly paid holder ot a judicial olllco in the   British    empire  His salary is ��8,000 por annum.  IIOT  WEATHER  AILMENTS.  MARKETS.  Cnrelul Mothors Should Kcop at  Hand tho Means to Check Ailments  Thnt Otherwise May Provo Fatal.  C. P. R. land sales for Jujy wero  th'ej times as great as those a y.-or  ago.  MINARD'S LINIMENT for Sale Ererywhere.  The oldest inhabitnnt talks a good  deal, but ho doesn't mako half so  much noise as tho tooth-cutting  youngest inhabitants.  THE BEST PILLS.���Mr. Wm. Vander-  voort, Svdnoy Crossing, Ont., writes :  "We havo" been using Parmoloe's I'llls,  and find them by far the best pills we  evor used. For Dellcnto and Debilitated  Constitutions thebo pills net like a  charm. Taken in small dosea, the effect  is both a tonic amd stimulant, miltllv exciting the secretions ot tho body, giving  tone and vigor.  A PAST CROWD.  "Of courso you read about that  horso breaking the record. (lootl-  ness ! I don't see how a horso coi.id  be so fnst."  "Oh 1 I don't know. Look at the  class of people it has to associate  with au the race tracks. -  BIRTH OF AN  ICEBERG.  The    Dramatic    IApi-ric-iicc   of   Tivo  Alitltl'l'llc   l^vploror.H.  Mr. C. E. r.ni'ihgrevlul;. cominnndcr  of tho antarctic expedition of 1X1S.  nearly lost his life b.v an accident of a  nature so peculiar thnt lt Is probable  no other mun could duplicate the experience.  At thu foot of Mount Terror  * in February. 11)00. lie landed from bis,  ship  with Cnptnln .[onsen  und  three  1 other men. Then, wishing to take a  picture of tbe shore, he sent bin bout  bnck to tbe vessel to get a camera, and  be and Cuptuln Jensen were left alone  on the tough beach. Before the bout  returned u  strange and awful thing  ��� happened. Mr. Iioichgrevink told the  story in tbe Outlook:  A rour nnd u rush, with tremendous  explosions,    shook    the    bench.    Tbe  ��� thought enme to us that the perpendicular rocks above us were fulling. Then  we realized what wns taking place.  The mighty glacier immediately to the  west of us wns giving birth to an ice-  ��� berg.  Millions of tons of lee plunged Into  the ocean. Wc could see nothing beyond nu Immense cloud of rolling  snow. The water rcsc from the plunge  of this antarctic monarch. I sang out  to Jensen, "Now we shall hnve to face'  tbe wave!"  We rushed to the highest point of our  limited bench, four feet nbove the sen.  We snw advancing on us a dark green  ridge with a whito crest. 1 called to  Jensen to struggle for dear life. We  clutched the uneven rocks, with our  backs toward tbe advancing wnter. Although It could not hnve taken moro  thun seven minutes tbe time seemed  long before the wnter closed over our  bends.  Flouting upward, scrambling upon  the rocks, I tore the nulls from my  -_flesh_in_mj__enileuvor_ti>_keep_froui_be-_  ing dragged out After the second  wave we ugnlu felt tbe rocks under  our feet  At tbe place where Jensen and I first  stood the rock wns wet twenty feet  above our beads. It wus somewhat  lower when it struck us. Wlirro tlie  ���wave bud struck with full force the  faco of the rock hud been altered, und  rocks were still fulling when the three  men in tbe bout found us, bleeding and  torn.  Two facts luul saved us. To our rlgl-.i  a small penln.siilu of ice protruded  some live feet from the rock, und the  rock Itself bent toward the west. Froni  tbo moment it struck the curve of the  mountain rock to tbe west of us the  wave took a coursi> more onsderly than  where Jensen nrul I stood.  When the weather is hot tho sands  of thc littlo lifo nro apt to glide  away beforo you know it. You can't  watch thu littlo ono too carofully at  this period. Dyscntry, diarrhoea,  cholera infantum nnd disordors of  tho stomach aro alarmingly frequent  during the hot moist weather of the  summer months. At tho first sign of  any of thoso, or uny of the other ailments that afflict littlo ones, givo  Baby's Own Tablots. Theso Tablets  will speedily relieve and promptly  cure all hot woalhor ailments. Kcop  them in tho house���their prompt use  may save a precious little lifo. Mrs.  Herbert Burnhnm, Smith's Falls,  Ont., says : "When my oldest child  was six weeks old ho had an attack  of cholera infantum and wns at  death's door. My doctor advised me  to use Baby's Own Tablets, and in  twenty-four hours baby was bettor,  the \omiting and purging censed and  ho regained strength rapidly. I havo  used tho Tablets for other ailments  since and always with the happiest  results. I can sincerely recommend  them to mothers as a medicine that  should always be kept in the houso."  Little ones thrive, aro good natur-  ed and grow plump and rosy in  homes where Baby's Own Tablets aro  used. Children take them as readily  as candy, and crushed to a powder  they can bo given to tho youngest infant with the best ol results. Sold  at drug stores or you can get them  post paid at 25 cents a box by writing direct to the Dr. Williams' Modi-  cine Co.. Brockville, Ont., or Schenectady, N. Y.  Nover put off till to-morrow wlint  you can get someone else to do today.  "And wns my present a surprise to  your sister, Johnny?" "You bet!  bhe said she never suspected jou'd  give her anything so cheap."  Fever nnd Ague and Bilious Doiangc-  irrnts nro positively cured by tho use of  I'm melee's I'llls. Tliey not only cleanse  the stomach and bowels fiom alt bilious  mutter, but they open tho excretory vessels, causing them to pour copious effusions from tho blond Into tbo bowels, after which the coriuptctl mnss is thrown'  out by the natural pnsRage of the body.  They aro used aa u conoral family medicino with tho best results.  Winnipeg bank clearings for  increased 56,000,000.  July  July customs revenue in the Dominion increased $329,000 this year  over 1901.  MINARD'S LINIMENT Relieves Nenrtt.  APHORISMS.  When in doubt, tell tbe truth.���Samuel Clemens.  What makes life dreary is want of  motive.���George Kllot.  A laugh Is worth a Iiundred groans  lu any market.���Charles Lnmb.  lie Is n wise man who wastes no energy oii pursuits for which he is not  lilted.���fllndstoni!.  If you will be cherished when you  ure old, be com Icons when you are  young.���John I.yly.  If yon would hit the target, nlm u  little nbove it. Every arrow tbat files  feels the attraction of earth.���Longfellow.  Tliere I.s nothing so powerful ns example. We iiut others straight b.v  walking straight ourselves. ��� Mine.  .Swetchine.  Have a purpose In life, nnd having it  throw such strength of mhid and muscle Int:) your work us God has given  you.���Onrlyle.  Formerly we were guided by the wisdom of our unci'sturs. Now wo mv  hurried uloug by the wisdom of our tie-  seendants.  Unch  For Little.  McJIgger��� I snw Mark ley blowing off  that theatrical manager to a ten dollar  dinner yesterday.   .  Thingumbob���Yes. a scheme of hla,  and it worked beautifully. He was  .worklne blm for n couple of passes.  Prlvlleaca Limited.  Tbe Cook���Ab done fiab'd dat man  outen de kitchen, ma'am, fo' stealin'  yo* sugnh.  The Mistress���You did perfectly right,  Mary.  The Cook-Yes'm. He ain't got no  right fo' to steal yo' sugnh. Ho ain't  workln" beuh.  Fnllli.  A mother In one of the suburbs of  .New York, wishing to prepare the  minds of her two children for a coming  event of great importance, told them  that If they would like to bave a Utile  brother or sister Bbe thought if tliey  prayed eiirues'.ly every night und morn-  lug (Ind would send them one.  In due time the desired buby arrived,  lo the children's great delight ami evi-  deully to the strengthening of their  1'ultli, fer Ihe next day the father cume  into his wife's room, saying:  "l.ool; here. I.l.'.'/.le. this thing hits got  lo stop I Just went into the parlor uml  found both those children oil their  l.iiri's praying hard us they could  fur gun is!"  GRAIN AND PRODUCE.  WHEAT���During the past week the  speculative wheat markets in tho  States have developed considerable  weakness and displayed a good deal  of nervousness. Prices havo resorded  a gradual decline every day without  any sign of reaction until yesterday  when closing prices wore ic better  than tho day beforo. Tho decline on  the week is l|c to 2c per bushel.  There is littlo to bo said about tho  crops at present. Winter wheat harvest is ovor in the States und Eu-  ropo us far north as the north of  France, lt begins in tho south of  England this week nnd tho slicing  wheat harvest in the southern part  of South Dakota and Southern Minnesota is beginning this wcok. In  Argentina tho weather has boon favorable for the new crop which lias  got a good start. In Australia some  rains had fallen in tlie wheat districts, hut not sufiicient to make tbe  situation for the new crop favorable,  and at present Australia is not  counted ns an exporter for next  year. India lias been a good shipper  to Europe recently, but the prospect  for the coming season's crop is not  flattering-.  There is very littlo doing in Manitoba wheat and tho business for the  season 1901-2 is getting pietty woll  wound up. Pricos aro linn and held  above export value, but this is owing to tlie moderate quantity of  wheat available to work on. The  stock at Fort William is wearing  down and shipment from the country  points is on a gradually decreasing  scale. At the close of Inst week  values were :, 1 hard, 76 "c; 1 northern, 7-1 _/., 2 northern, 72ic, in store  Fort William or Port Arthur, spot  or delivery first half of August.  FLOUR���Demand is light and tho  market is unchanged ns follows:  Ogilvie's- Hungarian, S2.05 per sack  of 98 lbs. ; Glenora Patent, S1.90;  Alberta, S1.75; Manitoba, 51.60;  XXXX, S1.25.  MILLFEED ��� Bran is firm and  worth S15 per ton in bulk. Shorts  firm at S17 por ton in bulk, delivered, subject to usual trade discounts.  GROUND FEED���We quote : Oat  chop, per ton, $28; barley chop, $2-1;  mixed barley and oats, $26: 'chop  screenings, $15.50; oil cake, $30.  OATS���There is very littlo doing in  the ont market. ��� Offerings nre ample  for all requirements here, and ns  the export demand is quiet, there is  not much (loin?.- Prices for N'o. 2  whito are firmer and lc higher. Feed  grades nre unchanged. Wo quote :  No. 2 white, 41 to 42c per bushel,  for enr lots on track here: feed  grades. 37 to .ISc. At country points  farmers nre getting 31 to 34c for  No. 2 whito oats.  BARLEY���All offerings aro now being tnken" for feed at 4.0c per bushel.  The movement, is very light,  SPELTZ���Dealers are doing a little business in speltz for feeding purposes at 50c per bushel of Sorbs.  HAY���Demand is fair and the market steady at $7 to S8 per ton for  carlots on track here for fresh baled.  POULTRY���Spring chickens,. 10 to  45c per pair, alive; fowl, 70 to 75c;  tlucks and goese, 9c per pound; tui-  keys, lie, live weight.  BUTTER���Creamery���Factories ai e  turning out considerable quantities  of butter, for which tliere is a good  inaiket. Choice grades are '.i-iriji  l'Aj to 17c per pound nt fnctorv  I obits.  Bf-T'J ER���Dairy���Receipts are nwd-  e-im-ly li"sc, nnd tho mi-I.e. is  steady. Considerable quauc"ies ine  paying 13c per pound for choicest,  dairy in tubs or boxes, and from  that figure the market ranges down  to 10c per pound for low grudes, all  commission basis.  CHEESE���The market is steady  and purchases have been mado at  8$c per pound. Ilio range or prices  is from 8Jc to 9c per pound delivered here.  EGGS���Receipts aro moderate, and  the market holds at 13c por do/en  for ckoice caso eggs delivered in Winnipeg.  DRESSED MEATS���Receipts aro  improving, and tho market is e��sy.  We quote: Beef, city dressed, 7J to  8'c por lb.; veal, 8 to 9c; mutton,  9c; spring lambs, each, $3.50 to $1  hogs, per pound, 7J to 3}c.  PLASTERS FAILED  LINIMENTS,    OILS    AND    MANY  OTHER MEDICINES  DID  NO   GOOD.  1 New Brunswick Postmaster Tolls  of His Efforts to Cure His Kiduej  to Cuio His Kidney Troublo-Hv  Suffered for Years and Tried Many  Medicines, but Only Recently Found  the Right One.  Lower Windsor, N.B., Aug. 4. (Special.)���Jlr. T. II. Bulyca, postmaster  of this place, hus mado a very interesting stntonient of his experience in  his efforts to be cured ol Kidney  Trouble which hns bothered him for  many yenrs.  At times ho would have very bad  spells, nnd wheu theso camo on he  was almost laid up.  Ho tried several doctors and used  many medicines, but nothing seemed  to help him in tho least.  Plnsteis, oils, liniments on tho outside and doses ol all kinds and descriptions taken internally seem to  havo bu'. one result. He was no hotter.  Finally through reading an advertisement ho was led to the uso of  Dodd's Kidney Pills.   Ho says :  "Dodd's Kidney Pills woro so highly recommended for Kidney T'ouble  that aftei reading somo testimonials,  1 concluded to try them according to  directions.  "I had tried sO many things that  T was very skeptical and had but little faitn that Dodd's Kidney Pills  or would help me. However, I din  not use them long beforo I found  that they wero all and more than  was claimed Ior them.  "I liave received more benefit irom  them than from nny other medicine  I have ever used for they soem to  have made a complete cure of my  case.  "I* feel as well as over I did and  have not the slightest trace of the  Kidney T.ouble that bothered me  ever so much.  'I wnnt to say that I believe that  Dodd's Kidney Pills are the right  medicino for Kidney Trouble."  Mr. Belyea is very well known to  thero are but few who havo not been  aware ot his serious illness.  Everyone is delighted nt his improved health and his published  statement hus dono much to, make  Dodd's Kidney Pills even more popular in tliis neighborhood than they  have been.  THE 0CILV1E FLOUR MILLS CO., LTD.  TRYING TO MAKE HIM STEP  in and order a bag of Ogilvie's Hour  for her bolting thc housewife is continually asking of her husband, but  if he forgets .she will oidor it hersolf.  for the lover of good, white and do-  licious bread will never uso any other after she experiences the satisfactory results of Ogilaie's flour. It is  made fiom choice wheat and milled  by. the best pi ocess. Always ask for  Ogilvie's.  BV HOYAL WAMUMT  Mlllors to H.R.H. the Pr'noo of Wales  HI  mJfan&ricafTtJ ore,  lo&i^fufMmViyC/eay.  YOU BUILDING?  Eddy'e Impervious sheathing: la tho best building papor mode. It il vary  much ���tronger and tblckor than any other (tarrod or building;) paper. It ll  lmporvlous to wind, keepe out cold, Iceepe ln heat, carrlos no amell or' odor,  absorbs no moisture, imparts no taste or flavor to anything to which lt  comes In contact. It Is largely used not only for sheathing houses, but for  lining cold storage buildings, refrigerators, dairies, creameries, and all places  where the object ls to keep an even and uniform temperature, and at the  ���ami time avoiding dampness.   Write our agents���  TEES & PERSSE, WINNIPEG, AGENTS.  THE E. B. EDDY CO., Ltd.; HULL  rrinrc Mnha Vajiravuch, son i.-f tl.e  King o-' Siam, will.visit America directly nfter the coronation of IC.ng  1 "d\\ ai o o  MARD'S LIIMENT Cnrss DffiW  Some men are pleasant enough to  tnlk lo, but rather disagrcable to  listen to  The man who takes up a lot of  your valuable time is seldom able to  take a hint.  It is the vaulting ambition of an  acrobat lhat enables him to achieve  success.  AN  ILLUSTRATED VILLAGE.  William Win's Reformation.  William Wirt, tbe great lawyer, attorney general of tbe United States  aud prosecutor of Aaron Burr when be  was tried for treason, was stupefied  and made sensuous by liquor. At times  be lost all self control and self respect  Ou ono occasion while drunk be fell ln  tbe streets of Richmond. While lying  tbere asleep Miss G., tbe most beautiful woman ln tbe city, to whom he waa  betrothed, came along, saw blm and  placed her handkerchief, on which was  her name, over bis face. He wakened,  saw the name, learned tbo incident,  aud it reformed blm.  LIVE STOCK.  CATTLE���The export movement of  rnnge_cattlo_is_incrensing,_and_a_fuir_  movement hus been noted this week.  The cattle aro in fine condition now,  and as the markets aro right, a'rapid  movement may be looked for. The  Manitoba cattlo are not so fat ns  those from the west, especially the  steers. Choice export steers from tlie  western ranges arc worth 4Jc per  pound off cars in Winnipeg; butchers'  cattle, 8'   to 4c.  SHEEP���Receipts are moderate  nnd prices range from 4 to 4_c per  pound, off cars, Winnipeg. Lambs  aro worth .'!_  to -lc.  HOC!S���Live hogs nro coming in  freely, and tho market is ensy nt  tiie off cms here.  MILCH COWS���Cows ure scarce.  Good milkers reudily bring S'13 in  this market, the range being from  535 to ��13 each.  ljonjr Service.  In tho commune of Idaurdorndool, in  Holland, a womnn bus just died who  was for seventy-four yenrs iu the service of the sume family, llrst ns nurse-  girl, then ns domestic und finally us  housekeeper.  MI<*ro*c<!l>lc Mnttpr.  Particles of mutter too small to be  discerned witb the nuked eye Hunt  through the atmosphere und bear, like  a microscopic licet uncountable millions of organisms whose combined ut-  tuck suffices to render u huge fraction  of tbu human race miserable.  Mttle Swiss Town One of tlie <>:i:ilnt-  u vnt In  Europe.  When next you go to tbe Luke of  Geneva, by nil 'means pay n visit to  the little known village of St. Lcgier.  near by, ou the road between Vevey  and Blonay, one of the quaintest villages in Europe and one of the proudest ou nccount of its extraordinary  adornments. St. Legier und th; adjoining village of La Chlesux ure nothing  more or less thnn illustrated villages.  They nre us profusely illustrated ns  the modern magazine, for nearly ull  the houses bear on tbeir outside walls  some-striking picture or comical cnrl-  cnture from the brush of u great man  In tho village, M. Alfred lleguin. a  painter of local renown nnd jiot unknown in Paris, snys Pearson's Magn-  zlne.  A house in St. Legier hns no use for  u signboard to tell tbe world tbut it is  un inn. u cycle shop, a forge or n dairy.  M. Beguin's picture does that. On n  stable wull he draws n picture of a  spirited runaway horse knocking down  men us be leaps for freedom; on the  white wnll of the little village forge  nre pictures of men making horseshoes  for dear life nnd shoeing n frisky  steed; on- the wnll of the dairy n dairy  maid balances u pull of milk on lier  'lend, while scenes of locnl life, as pictures of the annual summer exodus to  the mountain pastures with the cows  und gonts, and caricatures of the locnl  bigwlg3 make u bright picture gallery of the village. M. P.eguln lives In  one of the most imposing bouses ln St.  I.egler, whence he obtains n full view  of the crooked llttlu village street nntl  of (lie Dent du daman towering up in  the distance. For many yours past he  lias amused himself by painting the  houses, untl lu the llrst place be ac-  quired most of his skill uud boldness  in palming in this wuy.  Wf*$  ^oiiiiiNiiRl  &iyXi:'i$ii&rA'iiiy]lsy  Thc number of suicides in the  French army has become so largo  that the cause has been investigated  by a leading journalist. A system of  cruelty nnd brutality seems to have  grown up, which is making lifo unbailable to young recruits.  During recent eruptions of Mount  Vesuvius the clouds of vapor were  "ou��d to ba strongly charged with  hydrochloric acid.  TU-fitting boots and shoes cause corns.  Ilolloway's Corn Curo ia tho articlo to  uso. Got a bottlo at once and curo your  corns.  Tho United States post office do-  partnicnt_is_doirig-cffective_work~~ in"  various parts of the country in  breaking up fraudulent " endless  chain" schemes carried on through  thc 'mails  W>MYRic>i  SEE HIM SMILE I  So will you if you smoke  L. U O  Cigars.   You  cannot resist  when  you got that sweet flavor. Try one  MANUFACrtniKl)   UY  0EO. F. BRYAN & CO WINNIPEG  IMPERIAL MAPLE SYRUP  The quality standard from Ocean to  Ocean. Your monoy back if not satisfactory. -----  ROSE* I.AIXAM3IE, Agt*., MONTREAL.  When a woman throws herself at a  man's head she seldom hits thc mark  A westorn man has shot his wife  because he loved her. Some men are  so demonstrative.  Gootl sense���never thc product of n  single mind���it the fruit of intercourse and collision.  To Recognize Purity.  Adulteration has grown to such a  One art, that it is almost Impossible for a woman now-a-days to detect the false from the true; but a  chemical analysis will always detect  adulteration. Prof. W. Hodgson  Ellis, Official Analyst to the Dominion Government, after a number of  analyses, reports that "Sunlight  Soap is a pure and well-made soap."  Try Sunlight Soap���Octagon Balneal wash day, and you will seo that  Prof. Ellis ls right. No one should  know better than be. 210  If your children are troubled with  worms, give them Mother Grave's Worm  MvtennliuUor ; sate, sure, uml effectual.  rl ry It- and uinrk the Improvement In  your child  Truth may be slow,  footed.  HALCYON HOT SPRINGS, B. C.  _Wlthout_questlon th��-_b*st_a��d-  most effective springs ln Canada for  thu cur* of rheumatism, kidney or  liver troubles. Tbe medicinal qualities of the water ara unequalled.  Splendid hotel accommodation ; nnt  nahlng and hunting. An ideal epofl  for tha invalid.  W. N. U. No. 388.  Every time a man runs across a  lot of old clothes around thc house  he searches thein, although he novor  finds anything.  hue it is sure-  Lots of girls get   married  to gratify their curiosity.  merely  No nrtist bus ever been inspired to  paint a bald-headed angel.  A la/y man never gels ahead unless  -omeone puts a head on him.  Tho average man is charitable toward all women except his wile.  It is as difficult for some young  men to slow down rapidly as It is  for others to make haste slowly.  So rapidly doe.s lung irritation spread  and deepen tlmt often In a few weeks a  miupli' couch culminates in tubercular  consumption. Hive heed to ti cuugh.  there is ulwnyH danger in delnv. got a  1-ottlo of Hicklo'R Anti-Connumplivo Syrup nnd clue vourself. It Ih a medicino  unsui passed for nil throat nntl lung  troubles, it is compounded from sovorol  herbs, each one of which stands at tho  head of the list as exerting u wonderful  Inlluence in curing consumption and all  lung discnscB.  A big woman can go through a  small man's pockets without any  sleight of hand business.  ' The good may die young, hut it is  clear thnt tlio bad live ��� forever���if  tombstone epitaphs tell the truth.  1    '  I  Tlie longer a man lives the   more  lost opportunities ho has to regret.  f-l  i]  ���  ���t  u  h'-A THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY September 13, 1902  '! '������  SILKS AND DRESS GOODS.  PEAU DE CHENE, colors cardinal,  navy,  new  blue  and coral,  BOc yard. .'���"',!  BLACK PEAU DE SOIE, IJONNET'S  MAKE;  Prices  $1,'  *l-"5,  $1.50,  $1.75.  ?'-', $2.23. '        '  BLACK TAFFETAS���two leaders, one at 75c, the other at $1 yard.  New Tweed Effects; colors, brown, cadet, green and garnet; 46-  inch widths; 51 yard.  ZIBELIN'E CLOTHS;    nfl Inches wide; in browns and blue greys  ���extra Hue illnlsh, $2 yard.  SALMAGUNDI.  i.     ���.    -ra-Li-^i^iL-uray)  (Successor to Scott &> Kennedy)  303 Blastings Street,        Vancouver, B. C.  Ladies and Gentlemen will  complete.  our business.  call.   ,.  pS^m^M$, TMI] PATERS0l\ SHOE CO.  %iH|^^Slf      V     .301 Hastings St. /���  SfEWS OFTHE LABOR WOULD  The butchers ol' Hamilton have organised. ..'  A-fedcral union of the A. F. of L. hns  : "been chartered at Fenelon Fulls.  A Trades nnd Labor council has been  formed at'WoodstooIc.-.Ont. y.  Ri II. Cox has been elected President  of the Toronto Trades and Labor Council. '",  -.ThoMabor unions oC Toronto unmerci-  lully advertised the Eaton company on  labor day.    V .,.   ���' .-��:���  Frank Woedside, the secretary of Ihe  Rossland Miners' Union, has been nominated first vice-president of the branch  or the Lord's Day Alliance in that city.  .Anions   our visitors;   this week .was  Vice-president C. A. Eaton, :c��tho International Brotherhood   of   Electrical  Workers, of'Seattle..VHe is a very able  'and genial officer, and. speaks!in en-  coiiraginsi.tbrms' for the outlook of his  organisation,  especially on    the coast,  where  it  lias gained  tremendously.!, in  ������membership..of-late.   He returned to the  Queen City.on.Wednesday.  ;. The, following have" been elected ofllcers.-of-' the .Xtlson Miners' Union for  the ensuing- year:   Thos. Roynon, president;     Carl    Barton,, vice-president;  Frank ; / Philips, ���> secretary-treasurer;  John Wesley Sinclair,  conductor;: Jos-  T.:': Morrison, ���warden.     James, Wilks  :������ and Richard Gaskill,"trustees. .For the  third place on the trustee board there  was a tie vote' bttween Samuel L. Peal-,  ! cock aiid-.Thomas-"Jerome, and the vote  -will hnve to be taken over again. X  Clawson, aged 0 years, taken her out of  the cotton mills, placed lier in school  nnd put her on the union pay roll.  San Francisco boxninkers have Won  tlieir strike. On Aug. '21 COO men went  out to enforce a demand for an advance  of. 25.cents a day. the abolition of  piece'jwork and the recognition of the  union. ���   .,,        '..!���'.,-  Eight.out of 2-1 shops have conceded  tlio demands of tlie striking tanners of  San Francisco.'. The bosses -havo" been  trying' to get workmen from-the east,  but have failed. The union is eonlklent  of victory. ;'���  Cnrpentcrsat Vallojo have won their  strike for $4 for .in eiglit-liour day; '-.  The -. llopgrbwers' . association of  Sonoma [country, California, lias fixed  the price of picking hops,at $1 per 100  pounds;  .Thej International Woodworkershave  issu"ed;,'oiglit new'7 charters within the  lust month, two of which have gone to  California unions..>���:, -.".  . President .Daniel. .T.; Keefe of the  in te'rnutionul^ Longshoreman's association will.;make a lour of the .'Pacific  coast in September.    ���  ii'A'y   ���   pXITED STATES/  ;>.;  An ;Austiii,(!Tex.; -merchant makes  the sUitomeiit.tliatiie will spend $10,000  to break up the Reiail Clerks' union ;of  Vtlmt city. /,'. '������  i- Tlietinion suspender manufacturers  arc; now. also" making : union labeled  '.garters. .'They':'will be 'on sale a'  dry  : goods stores. V.     ...  'A It is estimatedVtbat,; there are 40,000  organized wage-workers in the city of  '-New Orleans,' where tire next convention  of tlie A;'F. of LVwill be'lield. ;A. V. X V:,  . Floyen inembers of the. -l'arkersburg  company; national guard, have deserted  because -of' ;tlieir ; sympathy' for the  strikers. Orders liave been issued to  arrest tbem.  Edwaril J. ��� l\ogurty, bricklayer, ..and.  tlie first Democratic mayor that South  Bond "hits', bad iu ten years,7 assumed  ollice   Sept.  r.l,    and!   received- tlie  fcbn^Ht��l'lMoris=oHioste'pfifrien'ilsrr^^  ��� Tlie  United Hatters"require   every  member to turn in every label from the  articles purchased, and have, a ..system'  of rewards for the greatest.number of  - labels turned in.  ������ Street Railway Employes' union Xo.  105, also of Charlotte, lias adopted Cora  B)����������5XS"3Xi>^^  '���-���"�����  1 Ibe'Salt  VCOMPULSOHY AliBlTKATIONV-  The reportof tlie commission 'appointed  by the .Victoria purlinientto'. inquire  into 'tbo ; Xew Zealand compulsory  arbitration law-is entirely /favorable.  The commission tpokagreatdenl of pains  in collecting ^evidence, .tlieir witnesses  being selected from all; ranks and  interests in the 'communities', wherethey  prosecuted'-; tlieir inquiries . tintl' will  scarcely an;\exception tlio ' testimony  was favorable to Uie act. :"It isitrue there  were suggestions' that it wits defective  in-'this;.that or the other particular, but  oil the -p'rincipleof compelling arbitration  and ,mnking the decision of the ttrbi  tratibn court, enforeible by jaw there.jyas  scarcely,n dissenting voice.' The only  comment that isVbenrd.-. from the  in credulous ones is that whicli has been  urged against it from,the beginning,7  namely, that it will break down when  the country.''encounters tlie lean yenrs  which arc suro to come. - It will then be  the employers 'who will be able to show1  tlie'-necessity. for 'reductions of :wages,,  iinil/wbeirtri'oarbritralipn courts begin  issuing orders of this effect the law will  be,put,to a.severe test. It must'be/said  however, that some of the lnbor, lenders  express -'themselves frankly to the- effect  tliat .the working men -will obey, the  decision of.the court as promptly when  it is against'!. tliem'.'.'as wlien it is in.  their favor, as tliey have been almost  universally since,the law enme into  operation. The law lias been coincident  -will^gooilMimcs^anil���whc!icverj==tlia  workmen have preferred u request for  higher wages tbey huvo been able. to  convince the courts Unit the '/masters  wore prosperous and getting good prices  for their products. The gratifying  feature of tlie situation is thai during  that whole* period neither masters nor  men have, lost a cent through industrial  -war, for during the whole time that a  claim "for .higher wugo . is' beiii]  investigated work goes on as if there  w'ere no such7 thing in tlio World.  g.Of UJ&-\  i'-Ai-i ��� J  is business. AVe want more of (��  it. We'll get il if un out and out @  barguin will fetch it.  now is This  ���:':���'/��� A two-quart  Hot .Water Bottle  or  Fountain Syringe  75c. $  | The McDowell, Atkins, |  I      Mm Co., Lid. Liability |  gj UP-TO-DATF DKUCCISTS. ��  ����<!>��������GX^S<^^  "VllKCOMlXO  AMl.KlCAiN'IZED.  The .laps are- rapidly, becoming  Americanized. In the city of Osaka,  Japan, a bank malinger bus got eight  years in jnil for fraud, while another in  tlie snine city bus been arrested I'or  forging nn $SO,000 note. In another city  all the council, ..including the mayor,  huve been jailed for corruption. There  are SOO editors in jail, but it cannot lie  learned for wlint cause. From thi'i  record it would seem tliat the litlle  brown men are becoming too eivili/id  nnd something sliould be dono to-keep  missionaries and American liteiature  out of the countrv.  WHEN A WOMAN SINS.  Wheu ii woman sills, the worid looks black;  Over Ihe teiicuiu tbe housewives clack;  Such ii commotion anil such a din  As tlio scmidiihnongers with Joy begin-  To hurry tu death tbe hunted one-  Sure never was seen beueath the sun.  No more implacable hostile pack _=  ���Thun liiese when a sister leaves thc track.  When ii man sins, 'tis uot tbo same.  No stigma rests upon his namu;  Wlien he, Inclined to play the rake,  betrays a maid for passion's sake.  To liini a welcome still Is given;  To bur no pity under liuavuu.  Yes, hurl al women tbu brand of shame���  The man of tho world is not to blumel  --J. M. Bue.M,in tlio Sydney Worker.  " 1IKAS0N ENOUGH.  "What makes ber look so miserable"  "She's experimenting with health foods."  ONE WAV   TO IIO IT.  Tess-SoMr. Groosum really proposed to you"  Jess-Yes. Whilo wo were strolling In. the  cemetery we anno lo their family lot,, and be  asked ine how I'd like to be buried thore some  dav wllh bis name on the atoue above ine.  AS'KXCllIXU- ���  "Don't yoiuwish you had an automobile?"  said Miss Miami brown. "Oh, I duuuo,"  answered .Mr. Ernstus Plnkly. "A mule doesn't  cost near so much money an' it's purty near as  dangerous."���Washington Star.  .   TUB CKKAKISC CIUCKKT.  A litlle tt-yenr old miss, while her mother  was trying to get her to sleep, became inter,  cstedin a peculiar noise and asked what il  was.  " A cricket, dear," replied ber mother.  "Well," remarked llie litlle lady,, "he ought  to get    liiiiiM-U mini. '  ME can't i:o.  . Little Mary wns discussliiL' tho great hereafter with her mamma, when the following  ensued:  "Mamma will..you go to heaven wheu you  die?" ...  "Yes, 1 hope so, child.",,  "Well;'! hope I'll go, too, becauso you'll be so  loiuisomo."  "Oil, yes, and I hope your papa-will go, too."  "Oli.uo, papa can't go; he can't leave the  store." '-.  ltUEUMATISM l'OKUADF. '''���"���'���;.  :-Farmer Dollurwheat- .Maudy, bow'd yer! like  to go abroad?    ,.  .Maudy���Sakcs, no! Hain't  yer  seen   them,  signs that sny "Dia'fnyiii all parts of Europe"?  SO UID ADAM . u  . Madge���What method of courtship does be  use?-, ���'.,.:'..  ..:,... ;���;, V  -,.//..  Fruc���Oh, lie affects to have found the "only  girl in the world .that understands hlni.���Detroit Free Press.  WIIV SHOULD TIIEY? .'..-;  Every one; occasionally thinks that 11  others knew how lie suffered,, thoy .would  be alarmed. But people euro very littlo about  you.���Atchison Globe..  '���''!.'   TIUIt'ATENED TO Sl'litST FOlt IT.  A recent Athabaskaviile,-Que., dispatch says  that Kypolite: llontiu, aged , 7'2 years, was  married there Ssturday,:, to Miss Adeline  Dpseharnnis, aged 76.. Their friends tried to  dissuade tliem from taking the step but they  threatcued to elope. ;  ! ;    A Cl'IlK -FOR llRCXKEN.NESS.   '  ��� ;��� .  People become drunkards because thoy suffer  from depressed spirits or -monotony.': The way  to avoid driukiug io excess/is easy after you  get used lo it/Always be merry and seek the  funny side of life and never eat meat. Good  health is due of the surest safeguards aguius1  thc booze mania. Live right/and the system  .will never crave stimulant's'.lo .lift it over the  rough places on life's trail.;        i:-  MEXICAN PROVERBS.  He who never ventures will',never  cross the sen;  There is no gain without pain.  Tlies ennnot enter a closed mouth.  Behind the cross is the devil. ���  A cut in gloves will never cuteh ruts.  To the hungry no brentl is dry.  A book tbnt is shut makes no scholar.  Xo evil will endure n hundred yenrs.  When the river is pnsscd the saint is  forgotten.  He wbo bus littlo bus little to fear.  If the pill were not bitter it would not  be gilt.  Do not trust your money to those who  keep their eyes on the Iloor (mnke nn  outward sign of piety). '  Wind und good luck do not lust.  A frugal rich father nnd u spendthrift  sou.  Xo'wonl is ill-spoken if it is not ill���  understood.  A tonguo mny indict a deeper wound  than it sword.  ' . ���,    uou. it toyts.'-  i A beginner iii newspaper work ina Southern  town who occasionally "sent stuff" to one of  the New York dailies picked up last summer  'what seemed to him a1 big story. Hurring tb  tho telegraph oltioa be.queried, tbe telegraph  editor: '.'0011111111 story on so and so;^Shall 1  send" The reply wasbriet and prompt, but to  tlie enthusiast ��� unsatisfactory. ."Send ., 000  words,"wiis all it said. "Can't be loid in'less  than 1200," lie wired;back. Before, long the  reply cuine: "Story of creation of world told  lh 000.   Try it."     .  HIGH PRICES AND WAGES.  I have rciul witli interest your' article  on "The Increased cost of Living." but  ���desirert6=riiise=a=qtit.stion=.on=a=siiigle-  point, nninely, ''that wages have  increased in proportion;"   Jstbisafact?  1 asked an employer of lnbor-whether  lie had increased wages, and lie replied:  "Nov A dollar nnd it half a dny wus the  price of labor ten years ago, und it's the  price of labor to-day." Certainly  salaried men nro not getting more  money, and upon llidin the increased  cost of living (alls us n special hardship.-  Gun you give me instances of nny large  und general increase in wages?  ���To the average ninn thu trouble seems  to be" tlint tliero is not prosperity enough  to go round, l'rices come up for those  who have things to soil, while wages do  not come up for those who must buy,  und corporations and employers are  ready to light, increase of wages lo thu  death. Give the workers 'ampler pny  und there will bo no -murmuring over  higher prices.���A (salaried Jlan in New-  York Herald.  Telephone 1���2���5  for a fine  livery  turn-out.   J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stablest   ���  MAKE A MOTION AT THE NEXT  MEETING OF YOUR UNION TO INSTRUCT THE SECItTARY TO. COMMUNICATE THE NEWS CONCERNING YOUll CRAFT TO THE INDEPENDENT.  Evening classes for instruction in  Technical Drawing und Arithmetic required by. crtlzaiis niul others, including- Engineers, Fitters, Patternmakers,  Boilermakers, Cabinet Makers! Carpenters, .Toinpi'K, Tinsmiths, Plumbers, etc.,  are held at .    ,  X 4 8 9 Klasiibgs Street  (In the room .behind the 'Northern, Pa-  V/cific olllce.)  Furthy particulars may be obtained  either!'on personal ..application or- by-  letter addressed7 to    ;  DAVID VBLAIE,  ���-.-'���. ,-',. Science and Art, Master,  .  n:        .      Normal School, r!!  : J. D:,;Murray,;Baker/Vhas  broken his / agreement/with  tlie Bakers'vUnion arid his  shop is'iiOAV nori-union. V:-/V  Union   men 7will/Vjroverri  -'���-.',",'"- 'y .'-J  'y  ,. l * V  themselves accordingly.   V"/!  ;/f;:bartI;E-vv  V V": ,V";;Secretary.  G. Ellis, corner CamVjia und Cor-  dovu streets, is tho placo you can get  your huir cut in un artislic manner.  Advertise in The Independent, ofllclal  orgnii of the 'trades unions. . I  SNIBDOl'S '.'SHOE: $f QRE  V/632    GRANVILLE/STREET,/ .', ..  .Carries a full line of ������:,;���.--���';.���  ; UNION LABEL SHOES:;;  .The .Union, , Label.; guarantees . lair  wages and good .workmanship.7  ,/No scab labor;V . ;/    j���'!',,.' ���-,','....-'  PMONE 1220A.  ter and Joiner  V   5I6-5J8 Seymour St;  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of'work in this line promptly attended to.   ;'��� .'"���.''.'���������''  VnncoiivorV Pioneer    Clothes  ' Kcnoviitor, "makes n suit now.  #  X Dyeing and Repairing. %  A. ""-"'- 216 O.lMUIE ST., VASCOUVEB. iitk  HOTEL/NORTH VANCOUVER.  A delightful summer resort; strictly  first-class nnd up-to-ilulo In overy respect.  Terms, i'i por dny, $10 per week: special  rales for families. Saddle ponies, horses  nnd rigs always on hand for visiting the  Capllano, well known for Its excellent  tlshinK nnd shooting. Boats for hire nny  time. Bund every Sunday nfternoon.  ���:...i    , P. LAHSON, Prop.  nooaaooocjocoeoocoooBC'oaaao  DELBCB��U& W1ME  o  a  a  O     Madk Kici.usivei.v i-rom Jl. C. FlIUIT.  O  O   KRKSH CUT FI.OWKHS    tiNION'-.MADE  nOMKS'l'IC CIGAKii.  O        When mnkbn; n trip nround the  O l'urk cull on  % W. D. Jones Br^^o^cnt ��  09 09390999030093000990900  Gold it a DisGOunt--^^     1;  '.S .-'-.������        ��� ':���'���    '-..-'������ Hi  Is npVmore a Bargain than a  ^65 Cleveland Bicycle at ^45.  "We have just a limited number*of   both  Ladles'; and/ Gent's  , Models���1901 make���regular $65.00 wheels, whioh go while they last   ;  at J45.00.  This Is the greatest wheel bargain in years. ';  Will. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. ]  SOLE AGENT i.ii, iii"'-': \  ^}Z9\VMii9&9m'&V^^^  Of-tlie" Latest Designs Just Arrived.  Wo are sorry to have kept you waiting for this lot, tout we know It will pay  you as they are a beautiful collection.  Sole agents for the Dawson Benuty Grates.  An expert Tilo Setter to place Tiles, otc.  :  Show room second,floor. '.-, .'!���"'��� ,      ��� ,1V.   .  Phone 44.  j��,.riCi  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.'  Phone 1063.  ''" There is certainly a grant' .improvement in the -new, boys' clothl'ig  we-have just opened up for'Fall and Winter wear/ ��� "We've only  space to mention a' line of BOYS' NORFOLK' iSUITS. ..These! are  Ji distinctly new and are for 'boys from 6;to 12, years, old.:������;. They'.'are  made of a yoke nnd tloose plea'ts���entirely different from the old Nor-  , folk style. We have nlso the Military Norfolk with front pockets!  Wo want-you to see these. . ; V ���',       '".-''."J-ii " i i" i i''' lix"'i "���<���-..''.  ' AXi J��ilNS>I��NivKERB=����t:i�� X��iv.'j  !i64 and JOG Cordova Slreet.    /  i'Al.Ai Trunk Store 127 nasilngs 'St.; 0|>b. Wm. Eoilih's.V  /;   ^SSEEESU''  J'i-       \VHOLESAX,e;GKOCERS.   V; , '''..r^-'-'V-VV' ;  ���'"���. ':-   '     '������"-���    '*"     -'    i"'X   ��� X        "���   ' ' "���     "!;���'''''���'''���'���    : ���'' '���" ���, 'X' y-i-'Ai O , '���'-���', .'  Cordova and Water Streets,:x -///Vancouver; B./C.;  ."-,������ .;:[lt5f=��,' Headquarters V for jy Domestic' and/Bm-  fjortcd Cigars and Siribking Scindnes.-V /  .^������;K^^^M^)i;^K^(^l^(<^x^r^K*;K^^5^  ��� i'niX-iAH     ':���' i yXii'l .iAiiyy-XxJiiyyiXy XXy-y': nxyiXA *.-;':���:: ',"*'    "'"       ^'/:/'-"/////'/!"'''"^Wv"7','"'' :'-:-7";V.:'"V<^,-  >:  r��R'several-;reas��w&.v  |/: COSTRACTOll^ 'SUPPUES,': Ai  ;|v;.Ii0fi��ERS'7/1uPPlil^:-;V|:v  'fvBI,FB  svsupp:  l^SAW-.'MILL ���SBJTL^STC^::  m,  Wx  ���:9'-ii  ,.; Because ,'!w'e "have- the Vstocl: 'to  ���;,;,.. supply you the'liest.7;:" /";,--;;;:���  /^Because.our attention!wlll7:'assureV/S'"  -^"Ijest service.   ;!/ ��� <<!'v- i'i'.y-i'Jx -HsV  :y.y'iyi,.:,::-X;i Ay.ii-y: .r-.,;Ar  ��� Because-.ive .can save; you. time, �����;.;  ;/'./' aiid-'moneyi'V..���":'���"''.'::'���'���������",'���*���   '/,���.'.'���-"J-'A'���-*''-���  Because one brder^ls.a step: to- X4ti-yy  .-���'Wards!ia permanent custbiner.- -V^C'v  /74>":!-V  ���   -^   ���-���!  7'"*.:..!!-  /*/���''���  :#yt  -x-%A>  ; 339 V Hastings Street;  ; ��S����������^��!^^ :  :vv..rv.-7v:'/;/;^/,r..^"Tbe:;Be^  .Up;,tp;the"present there-cannotV-ppssibly be aiiy!better-beer���few,;!  ��� if .any; 7s0 'good..!-//7-:7!: ;'-.���' --:;!-.'".'!'/ "''��� JXXy.y.y xy. v-.-, 'yii- ���-���/!'���, ';!���'������! Ai"i  ' -'AVe ^employ, the-highest sklil iri the science ofbrewlng.': "AAAA  "Nature 1 tself cannot Improve on/ the water. (Capllano) :'!nor7;,ih'e/  :��� grains'-we use.in.Its manufacture. AiiiXi:. ..���-���'���''.���.���: ���_;:':���.��� AiAyJy���"yJAx-  'J..'.;) Our .processes' all through are thoroughly scientific.! .;//',:// :/;',!  '/   - Ourplant^thenipst/iiiodern^the/mostscrupulpusiy, clean' it Vis ,  ��� possible/to"conceive. ���.-���;'."���! ��� /,,-./',���; rjjii. ''"iii'-ii.X.i. ',;'������'  X ,X.- ���   ���'/.,'  .���".    This is: backed-by a'determination' h6t'''bnIyV"to make! the!  best  there is in!beers, but toJlteep on making :it all, the/time���no,.��� .'.'railing,  '.'down" aiiy where. . '"'/������; /i/'7-7.^'; ',-'7'" ;'!,:���"'  ,.. ��� are wnshed by hand when,  you comiu.U them to our cure.  We hnve expert flannel washers who do nothing but this class  of work-and are In symputhy  with your desire to keep your  llnnncls beautifully soft nnd un-  shrunken.  Steam Locmdry  TiroNH 310. 910 - 014 IticiiARDS St  Dow.ntow.v OrncE, No. 4 Arcade.  WHITE   HELP  ONLY.  Parcels culled for and 'delivered.  ���BBG  Advertise In The Independent;  Take No Chances i  Vou cannot Afford to neglect 9  your eyeslgilit when you know *  thut by coming to us you can got 9  a jinlr of Glasses to suit your 9  eyesight Deitectly. Let .Mr. Allan, $  our doctor of optics, examine  your eyes and give you the glass  you need.   Examination free.  t  ���  E9AVBg������N BROS., +  The Jewelers end Obt!cians>   '  146,Cordova St.

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