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The Independent Sep 20, 1902

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 Lesisktlve Ubr'jr Mar. ll|flJ  THE  ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA  . . SAVINGS   BANK . .  A Q��meral Banking1 Busuiabs          Transacted.  OFFICES���Hastings   Street,   W.,  STwtuiluBter Avenue, Vanoouver.  VOL.5.  b. c. perhasmt lom m  SAVWGS CO.  Authorized Capital ��� }10,0CO,(X��  Subscribed Capital - - l,50iUXX>  Aesela Ovcr  - -  -     MU.UUO  Head Ollice, 321 Cmnble Street,  Vnncoumr, B. V.  VANCOUVER, B. C., SATUKDAY,SEPTEMBER 20, 1902.  President Ralph  Smith Exonerated  3By Trades Congress of Canada of the Phoenix Charges���A  Tribute to His Great Worth���He Declines Re-election  as President���Committee Reports���Officers  Elected���Brockville Next Year.  ���"        (By Our Own Correspondent.)  "Berlin, Ont., Sept. 16.���The congress  -convened yesterdny, but the work done  ���was principally one ot organization.  *Po say the least my mind was tioubleu  . and my heart was sore when I gtusp-  ��d the hand of President,'Ralph Smith,  ���whose pre-eminent services and usefulness the working elements of Canada  are to lose, I presume���that is, unless  Mr. Smith is endowed with more fortitude and self-abrogation, na wtil as  with/more, determination," ��� than most  alien are blessed with. He has been assassinated! in the house of his! friends���  1>y workingmen themselves, nnd the  odium falls upon ALL organized lnbor  ia 'Canada.  The serpent was  busy   at Nanalmo  while Mr. Smith was absent.   Till?  "Would Not Occur "Down East,"  lOolish as we mny be sometimes, w here  3i5s ability, his steadfastness,  nnd  his  lecen tact in utilizing opportunities foi  Ihe advancement of the inteiests and  V   the cause of labor aie known and properly appreciated.   Besides this, he has  accomplished the hard task of winning  the respect and esteem    of his    colleagues on both sides of the house of  commons by his uibanlty, his gentlemanly deportment, and withal, his firm  Moderation.^without. sncrltlce- of  principle.   I sorrowfully predict that lubor  will not again have his compeer In parliament  as  an  honest,    capable    and  single-minded'repiesentatlve for a long  time to come���not In onr dny at any  rate.   But his sun has not set yet. The  air Is full of all sorts >of speculation.  He       ,     ,        ,  ���Will BcHcnid From  or I do not  Icpow  the man    and  the  jrterllng  material  he  Is made of.' Apparently we have not yet reached that  standard    of    education    that    would  .enable us 'to appreciate such men as  Air. Smith at their proper value.   AVe I  sire still willingly tlia easy prey of the  self-seeker,  the foxy and glib-tongue'd  ��cliemer,   and  the  coveit'tool   of  our  enemies, and all of these aie still to be  .found in our ranks, unfortunately.   It  Js too bad, but nevertheless we must  Seep right on Just the same/doing right  according to our light���though  dim'it  lie  at  times,   and   with   faith   In   the  i Justice of our cause tsclf.   How vividly this unjustifiable/treatment of Ralph  Smith 'by'��� the Miners' union of Nniiai-  mo /brings to mind the/words of  The World's Greatest Reformer.  Be who flrst said, "the laborer is wor-  the winter tlmeand then, kick them to  pieces,! this same union now spoils the  act and robs labor! of the advantage by  rendering' lilm practically useless at a  tlnie.when^hls1 unquestionable abilities  would be, more useful and his opportunities  for good  weie  becoming moie  ,1   .      it  frequent.  ,Thc Executive Committee  reported; at gieat legth. Tho giowth  and progress of trades unionism lias  continued steadily during the past  year,, and although the ndvancement  along trade ,unlon linos is not as rapid  as, the steady.udvancesmade in;indus-  trlal; development; consequent upon the  introduction, of improved- labor-sec'ving  machinery, and the tendency on the  pai t of large employing corporations to  combine, nevertheless It ls believed tliat  the Canadian.trade.unionmovement is  being built upona wise and solid basis,  which must add to the stability and  conserve the strength and influence of  the congress in thc futuie.  The congress during the year ad'  dressed some 1,200 labor unions upon  the matter of afllliatlon, with good results. ' r  The executive holds that each aud  every trade and labor, council in Canada, of which organizations there are  some 23,  4hy of his hire," "the Carpenter's son"  of Gallilee���in praying for those who  crucified Him, when He said "Father,  ���forgive them, for they know not what  "they do." That union's- conduct Mas  cowardly also, for, instead of attick-  , - ing Mr. Smith directly, it sevei ed its  connection with the congress, and In  that way struck him. This Nnnaimo  jHiner'R union charged that the congress did. nothing for labor. That assertion  wab malicious and    not  Irue.   .Hut__even_lf_true,_the. accusatIon_came.  with very bnd grace from that source  i   ���from, a body, that-'contributed nothing financially to enable the congress  to even attempt to do something In the  direction  Indicated.- The  facts 'justify  ine In saying, this.   For Instance,  the  ' congress wnnted ��� money, to help in  \) Seeming a Certain Lnw  respecting, union labels, i Appeals were  sent out  tb secure some,  nnd  copies  i   were sent ito'.'.labor'  organizations  In  Hritlsh    Columbia''among    the   rest.  ".Money  cnmeV from1 14   bodies'- In ,'the  . Paclllc, province���from',"> In Victoria, 4  in Vancouver and one each from; Rossland, Cninp MeKinncy. Nelson, Sandon.  Van. Andaand Whitewater.   Have they  or any of them publicly .'proclaimed thnt  Should Be Chartered  by the congress.   The time has ai rived  when the poweis, lights and privileges  of the congress, as thc national organization  for legislative  purposes of   the  Canadian wage-earner, must be defined.   The constitution Is of such an experimental construction that a change  must be made.   In this'connection attention Is directed to a matter that occurred In Charlottetown, P. K. I��� a few  months ago, to wit:   As a result of a  visit, of   the , American . Fedeiatlon of  Labor organizer, ' Mr.  John A.  Flett,  who is also vice-president of this congress,  seven local unions, - comprising  carpenters,   metal   workers,    printers,  painters, tobacco woikers, laborers an'd  trackmen' were  formed.   A  trade  and  lao'or council chartered by the Amerl  can Federation of Labor, consisting of  fivo delegates  from  each  one  of  the  seven unions, followed.   Federal Labor  Union, No. .10, chartered by this congress, took the initiative ln,organizing  this; trade council and elected its'five  delegates.  "When their  " .     Credentials Were .Presented  they were objected to ,and refused affiliation, on the ground that. they did  al organization. He said that a bitter  complaint had been made to" the Vancouver Trades Council! by the Freight  Handler's union' of Vancouver, whicli  body holds Its charter from the Dominion Trades congress.  The complaint was that'the vice-president of the Dominion Trades Congress, Mr. Flett,7 was organizing local  unions li: Canada and placing them7 under the jurisdiction of the/'American  Federation of i Labor, including1'the  freight handlers. This they considered  to be working aganlst the best interests of the Dominion Trades Congress,  and the '_ upbuilding of the Canadian  Trades unions; and especially did it  work against the freight handlers of  the C. P. R. In Vancouver who had  taken out their charter ~from the Dominion Trades Congress, with a view  to getting nil freight .handlers on that,  railway i  To Do Likewise,  and after getting this done to form a  grand lodge outl of.these several bodies,  to have jurisdiction over   all. freight  handling unions   in Canada, but since  the fi eight handlers of Vancouver organized,    the    Longshoremen's    union  have commenced to tissue charters to  freight handlers,  and ��� Mr.  Flett    has  been placing the freight- handlers newly oiganlzed under the junsdiction of  the       Longshoi emen's     International  Union..',: The.." .frcight'ihandlers- contend  that Mr. Flett cannot hold his position  as paid organizer to the A. F. of L.,  ani at the same time work as vice-  president of the Congress (as he should  do)  for, Its best Interests.    They 'contend Mr. Flett should resign his vice-  presidency, as he cannot serve the, interests of both the   American Federation of Labor and the Dominion Tradea  Congress    at    the    same    time.    The,  freight handlers wish it to be:distinctly undei stood that they1 don't find fault  with Mr. Flett on account of his .'being  organizer to    the A. F. of L.     Theii  complaint is that he us directly Jnjui-  ing and weakening our���Cnnadian trade  movement by placing locals without an  international nead under the juilsdi  tion of the A. F. of L;, They had spent  a lot of time and money in communicating with freight handlers in Canada,  but now tlieir time nnd labor are all  lost'       \ '   ' '-  NO. 26.  TRADES MDiilKORCOML  I not belong to an International Union  or the-'American Federation of Labor  and cosequently could'not'form "part  of,,the general labor movement ,The  matter was.ipromptly. repotted to the  secretary of the congress,and a. lengthy  correspondence tfn the . matter ensued  between him and the A. F. of L. ' i  F. Moirlson,' secretary'A. F. of L.,  says that there Is.no reason, why the  Trade/and Labor Couneil'of..Charlottetown should mot   aIHliat_e__.w;itli.^the,  On .Wednesday Piesident Ralph  Smith wus chaiged by the Tiades  Council of Phoenix. B. C, as being a  liberal: in the. house,iof commons,! that  he was. a brother-in-law of Pieniier  Dunsmuir and7 that he was instrumental in having lnm stop the union dues  out of " the men's wages for lus'  (Smith's),benefit: Mr. Smith,'in a most  vigorous speech; replied to' the charges.  His record in the house spoke for itself.  (Tremendous applause). Ho1 was not a  relative of Mr. Dunsmulr, and hnd  nothing to do with the stopping of the  dues fiom the men's wages. No one,  snid Mr. Smith, had spoken more plain  ly 'to Mr.' Dunsmuir, both' upon the  public plntforniand'prlvately, than he.  He would go further and show the utter recklessness ,et the falsehoood by  stating that Mr. "Dunsmuir nover had  the 'moral courage, and sufficient brains  to allow his miners, to have a'union at  all, -If he' could prevent It.   (Cheers.)  Presdent Lamrick presided at Thursday night's meeting of the Trades and  Lalior Council.". Secretary Cross was  also Jn his place.     There was a good  attendance    of   delegates.    A'    large  amount of routine business was transacted, but jusit at the close Delegate  Gothaid lose ln his place, and ln a  very neat but brief speech, inov\ed a resolution of   confidence   ln   President  Ralph Smith, of the Dominion Trades  and Labor Congress, now in'session at  perlin, Ont, whioh was carnied unanimously. '  ;          _        CREDENTIALS.  1 Civic  Employees'  Union���F.  Harris,  ,\V. Stewart, P. Atkinson, AV. George.  'Credentials accepted,  and delegates  took their seats-.  ��� COMMUNICATIONS.  From J. C. Millan, resigning his position as a minber of the:Label Committee.     Accepted.  A From Ihe Retail Clerks' International  Protective association, stating that the  shoe stores of James Rae, Patterson  Shoe Company and Mr.7'Wright'were  placed on! the, unfair" list. ... delegates  Instructed to ieport Uie same to their  unions.  Fiom Musicians' union, staiting that  the members of the bands wish to extend a vote of thauks ��� for the coidi.il  treatment 'they received by the Trades  and Labor Council, on ! the excursion  to Nanaimo on Labor Day.     Filed.  Fiom C. II. Gibbons, managing editor of the World, acknowledging receipt of vote of thanks of council to  that newspaper for favors show'n in  its columns.     Filed.  Fiom Thomas F. McGuigan, acknowledging receipt of letter re city ambulance being driven by u. boy. N Filed.  From George Nonman, secretaiy B.  C. Steamshipmen's society, igiving official notice that his union, had! been  notified tliat uts name hud'been approved of by the lleutemmt-goyernor-  In-c6uiicil on September,'3,���, 1902." 'Filed.  From 'the iron moulders, metal polishers and stove mounters, of .Toronto,  Ont., that tlie Gurney's goods, bearing  tjie name of Oxford were unfair to organized labor. Referred to Moulders'  union.  From John J. Healy, regarding the  [wssibillties of the Stave Lake Power  Company, and submitting a statement  thereon. Referred "to - pai liamsntary  comihlttee. ..  might work out all rtghit 'Mown east,"  but It wouldn't go here.  The question waa propounded by a  deleigate: Wliy Is the city council getting money this year under falsepre-  tences? People must pay *1 each for  riding, a bicycle���-and no path to ride  on.  The president said that the city counoil needed.the money.  THE BUILDING TKADES.  The team-drivers said that tliey were  now pi eventing- tlieir schedule, which,  in'sonu cases, had been;signed,: while  in othet'3 it was under consideration.  Organisation has been on the! boom  in the building trades during the past  few weeks, the Builders' laborers'  union gaining tliei largest Increase ln  membership, the carpenters stand next  nnd have still a number of propositions to deal with mt the next meeting.  A strike of three hours' duration occurred on Tuesday at the new Henderson warehouse, on Pender stieet. Objection was taken i<- two granite cutters, who had violated certain rules of  their -union, and were consequently  not In good standing, and were not  in possession of ithe "card." The contractor was notified to replace them  by two others 'then available, the alternative! being than 'the union!laborers,  masons' and 'hand-drillers would cease  work at nine o'clock. The contracto,*,  Mr. Hurst, vho is admitted to be one  of tlie fair contractors of Ihe city,  stated that he had only two weeks in  which to finish the foundation and  could not tee his way to make any alteration in 'the make-up of the gang-.  Consequently, ; at nine o'clock,; every  man, with the exception of the granite  cutters,, ceased operations,; and.iti.is  a fact worthy of notice that several  laborers and hand-drillers,', who are  not yet members ot the union, came  off also.  _���,,...,���, ,     ., ;    The  trouble wns selltled  shontlyi aX-  On Tucsdny the linemen in tiie ser-|  ,,        ,   .,      . ,    .' ��� I tor, but as .many of the men had left  vice of  the  telephone  company  were'  It was dmy moved, seoonded and  carried without a- dissenting voice, that  the secretaiy of tlie council send a tele-  Braim Immediately ito Secretary; Diaper  of 'the Trades and Labor Congress of  Canada, now In session at Berlin, Ont,  to the effect that this council expresses  Itself as haiving!full confidence in President Ralph Smith, M. P., as a. champion of labor.  Adjourned.  VOTE TO-DAY  For the by-laws. Seo to it thnt the  city owns the breathing spaces, iri the  east end, Mount Pleasant and the English Bay water front. Provide a gymnasium for the younger citizens. You  owe It to your family to do so.  STRIKE SETTLED.  Trades and Labor! Congressof Canada  and be represented at its conventions.  In fact, weLurge all our local unions  and city"central'bodies to be represented in all.;the' state federations/for the  purpose of legislating for,the benefit of  the wage workers t of.', their.: respective  state or province. Theoretically the  Trades and Labor Council of Canada  bears the same, relation7 to, the American Federation of Labor as. does the  state federations In, the,United; States;  The difference.arises from the fact that  we'!have ,'2u state' federations; chiirten-  cd; direct, carrying with ; the "charter the right of representation with one  vote. The Trades and Labor Congress,  on the other hand, Is recognized by the  American Federation of Labor* i recog-  lhe congress did  nothing for    labor? j nitlon currying with lt representation  ���ky.,, ii���    n��-     ���������        - by a'fraternal delegate with one vote.  This matter has raised virtually !the  Issue of "home rule" In the unions'uf  Not they. The strength/and power of  the congress Is, circumscribed ,by the  aggregate effectiveness, solidarity,and  generosity of Its component parts. /It  is true, however, that the/! Nanalmo  dnlon gave the congress an able "and  strong man���a man to be,proud of���but  It Is equally true that,):��� like, school  children who build snow!' dummies In  Canada.    ' 'i  The Report from J. H. Watson  as special organizer, for B.C. was a  very lengthy notable document.] It  breathes the spirit of Canadian nation-  A Berlin despatch says that the  Tradesj and Labor" Congress committee reported Thursday on the Phoenix.  B. C, 'council's charges against Ralph  Smith, ,M. P., stating that tho same  .were,, unjustifiable and untrue.  vCompulsory arbitration was condemned ~Ey~a, vote "bf~78���to~i2V  �� Ralph Smith.was /renominated Cor  president,' but declined the honor.  The election of oillcers resulted  as  follovra:  ' Pi esldent���John A. Flett, organizer,  American Federation of Labor.  ^ Vice-President���J. B. Mack, Montreal. _ i  -Secretary-Treasurer���P. M. , Draper,  Typographical union, Ottawa (reelected by acclamation.)  -Privy ;Excc*utive, British Columbia���  Vice-president, J. D. McNiven. Committee���T. II. Twigff, Victoria; J. H.  Watson, George Bartley, Vancouver.  Manitoba vice-president���A. W. Puttee, M. P.  Ontario vice-president���S. Moore,. Toronto.  Brockville wns selected as the next  place of meeting.  A committee was Appointed!to draw  up an address to retiring President  Smith in recognition of his great services to the cause of labor.  The necessity of Industrial organisation knows,no law other than that of  human progress.  'Prof. David Blair, science and art  master, noumaJ.school, addressed: "the  oouncil on 'technical schools. He said  that evening classes for Instruction in  technical drawing and arithmetic will  be held at his looms, 119 Hastings  street. :' The classes would convene at  7.30 o'clook on Tuesday and Tliuisday  evenings. The fees would be $1.73 a  month, one evening a week, or .3 a  month, two evenings a. week. The  classes would be especially for artisans  and others .connected .with tlie different trades. The work would' oonsist  of Uie geometry connected with, plans,  elevations, sections, and the! development of curved surfaces. After some  little discussion by the delegates, Mr.  Blair  withdrew.  C. Kuhne was appointed on tlie label  committee,; vice J. C. Millan, resigned.  LORD'S DAY ALLIANCE.  The. delegates who attended the 'late  convention)  of' the   Lord's   Day   ; Al-  lianc, reported at length.     The number af - branches" in~the_Doinin loir'werC  about 300,  of wlliich' British Columbia  claims  flflteeir.     The amount  needed  by the Alliance for the'current your  was: $4,000.     Ontanio voluntarily contributed $2,200,  leaving  the renialndei  to  be cut up among the other pio-  vinces.        British    Columbia's    share  would lie $250, ���wlilch Rev. Mr.'Shearer  thought wns very 'moderate.'    Of tills  amount,   the  upper  countrjv hud  al-  iendy,given $200.  Rev. Mr. ��� MacBeth stated to the Alliance that he had, had some correspondence with a,very high official of  tihe C. P. R. In llie.ensi with regard tn  the excursions run to Steveston on  Sunday. He : hnd been Informed' by  him ithat he'hnd written to Vancouver,  recommend!nsr tliat such excursions  must be   stopped.  ���, The: report was received und filed niul  the delegates thanked for their labors.  }ocked./;put,:;. In ;!bther/: w6rds,!;!flred, ,,��� by  Superlntendent Kent/for; refusing, dtity,'  as ,he .said.   Tlie. men "decldediinbt/ to  buy, certain./tools, which /custotn'/has  made,,the. world oyer- the .property/of  companies!   Tlie /men /said nothing,'- but  started! Iri: a-qiiiet :;way   to'/'.niairitain  thelr/i'ightsdhd privileges/ryice-Presi-.  dent .CiVA.;/EatOn;;Of ;the,'International  Executive "committee,! who is located at  Seattle;'!Was .sent' for! /Tliat"gentleman  cirri veil' in! the city oil "Wednesdayevening.; arid talked .the, Whole, matter over  .with' those engaged jinthe .trouble.,' The  result; was .'that/by, lOfaiVm. on Thurs-.;  ;day '/everything?' was;/ settled'!!arici\the;  menZreturriedJ't'o^  ing,;'/.'sbirie / 'eleven V in !!/,nunibeiv'J!Much  credit.is ''duel-/toJ.tiip /'Ievel-h-eadedne'ss  [iind !business"''.t&ct 'of'Managrng/'Direc-  tor/WmV Fairell, Vv^b-too'k'^tlie'biiir by  the horris,! lis itwerer:arid ;settledVwitli  his 'men- in'..less: than;an;hour.:: FoiloVv-  . lng fare-/the termsf of/settlement: H'/j!/:;  il'Jl; Recognition of -'the '! Iriterriatlon'al  .Brotherhood pf! Electrical 'WorkersV'V7''  :V2i Re-Instatoment''-' of ���'aif.-'i6cite'd'5bis't'  .!'�� .���',',���.'!.,..,,: :, ���  ..v..'",',-:,. ;.? -   .-. : ���.?.;.:���   ,,':{. y.  menibers to former .positions;.,.. !/',;'  V;'3.'iRej-instatedVinemb"ers'.r:iio'tTtb;V:-.be  .discriminated,/agalhstj-''.'!; ,:!// */V. ���'!/;!/  '. 4.'CompanyV"to: /ftirhish./ all .'tools ex-  cept customary .topis/for!:linemen;and  inside7 nieri.'^ /VV7V'V:"!/ iiA,i' 'X..y'XyJiiii ,;i  !,5.,ComiiiUnicatiohs;:to be cent to/co:n-  panlra .when!, they! haye J been l notified  notto :eniploy locked out telephone nieri!  ,.:. The Eyeril'rig;:'W'6rld says: !Tlie'', early  and. amicable!! adjustment of the'littbi  difference -that. arose, a! day/ or. so, ago  between the, .telephone,.,:��� company aiid  their, outside; wire!workers bears, testimony !tp the readiness.,of both workers  and'employers to.lis.ten:to,reason.'Va'nd  tb(/; their desire.- to,;d��al,- fairly - by,. one  another.;.If the coal operators and^coal  riiihers; of"the. anthracite districts^of  Pennsylvania had shown -. the^saiii'o  breadth .in /their., negptiations-^/_four  months ago, the greatest 'strike; of/trie  present century .wouldhave /ended long  sinceirand mllllo'ns, lii money, added7 to  untold^suftering.i^fivould^h'ayeT^b'een1  avoided.::!7:'''/!://;?1' ���/'',',',:���:':'���'''' '-  thejob, -workwas.jnotjresumed'; until!;  bne/o^elock.,, '���:-"���'-../X-iy.y: i-yXlQiiiy.yXXy-A.  A Mr. Charles !Wbodward, Of, Westniin. /  'sterayeiiue,���;and;Mr.,.Davlilsqn. jewel-:  lier;: of /Cordova..; street,/ haive!, been; in-!'  'teryiewed by/the '''.business .agent/ot/;!  the': Building /Trades /Council/in, reteri.il  ehce to inserting���the,"union labor only''/!���  da.use in: Uie. contrabt! of .ithe' iiewide-V'  parbiientai: sitpre",;.:about"';��� tb.be!'icam-iy'l  menced /���'���! on::. Has tings';, and; 'Abbott"!  ,-.,������',,.'   '.:���'.,''.���.'.:>.,'   '.'     :���.���-,���-:-.: ,^,.-.- ���:',',' ..    ���������.���������.-,������  .streets.' Both (gentlemen ;ai'e:yery,;fav-'..!!;  enable! to ; theVproposition;'; buitV stated'!//  /that otheiis7 who;; are/iiitea-estedi!in the:!;:  undS italcin^:/raised" the ,;ppi ri tVthat -\ityl  ^ii^it!'cb9t:mbre./:v:This!arsumen7t;'vras7/&  met; T)y/:the !iWtetementV.th3itVnbn-uniori V.V  mechanics:;*recelye :j exactly!/; the/sami^/y  ^ges"a5jthe7/un^^;nion;/;!andVl��i!bils/^  :were!!:uat/:so;!;there:,wbuld very'soon/beV/V  no; rioii!-uhion'/irieri/ 'as'J.they!'wpuid/bo:/?!  falling over-each!btlifir5in!|theirVeager^/:/!  nass' ��to;:joIh'^the^rilon^'MdVs^re'Viiv/V7!;  !theV,increase.;:::;::v;::::<:;:i!":::A::^^  y There Is fiyeryj,prospect,of;success'IriV';/!  'tAi^miiiieptipn./bbth'genitlonien/C'bJTOt-'^  ;ing"'to'.see! their job 3bll't!V>vitlioutVa//K/  ! front,  as/ is/ the '.case' with/:,a7'certain;:;:;  nonrUnJon-! block ;/on Granville "street. ^;V;V  ,. The meetings/of ,'the .cpuncil'ary'w-cll;/'/;  attended,7; great' interest.!; being! .tiakeh'!!/7'  in" ,tliei business ;:under..dtecussion,Z  proceedings are conducted: in .author-: ::;;  ouighly .parliameiitarj*;; manner, under//;���;,  the.,presidenoy: of ���.Bro.;John Suiily./';/":!;!'//V;  XyyiAiXxA. ./-.VOTE. TO-DAY ���yXyjAlyiAl^  //For'the/by-laws.! See7 to; it./that/the/  city,/pvyns;!the breathing spaces in the/:  'east ;end,'Mount Pleasant and the English Boy water front.. Provide a gym-/  nasiuni for the younger citizens. You  owe it to your-family,tp dp.so.   -;  , Mr. Chas. Wilson, >K. C, has again  been' chosen leader of the Conservative  party of B. C. .He, is an old-timer.and  respected'.by. nil who know hiin. 'Mr.  Wilson Is solid on the lUiti-Chlnese  question.  ^SOCIALIST, CONV��.\TION.  The, Socialist Party of British Columbia have called a convention to meet in  Sullivnn hnll, Vnncouvei, at 10 a. m.  on Friday, October Sid. for tho purpose  of revising the constitution and plat-  forni and transacting such other business as may come before It.   Indepen  dent socialist organizations wishing to7  do so nre, invited to affiliate.  It was stated that the caretaker was  doing painting: on the post-ofilcej building.  A delegate���"That was owing to the  acute economy of the government'  RALPH SMITH ENDORSED.  United Federal Union. No. 2;t, at its  regular meeting on Tucsdny night,  passed n resolution condemning.the action; of the Nanalmo miners in throwing aside 'the-Trades, and Labor Congress of Canada and giving an. International Institution the'preference be-  enuse of.Its socialistic tendencies, and  endorsed Mr. Ralph Smith, M. P., as  the union man's friend. The union  wishes it distinctly'understood thnt it  ls not socialist, but stands for union  labor'and good Cnnadlnns.  I BRITISH    COLUMBIA STEAMSHIPMEN'S SOCIETY.  George: Noonan, .secretary of the as-  socintlon  In this city,; has been notilied by the provincial secretary..ait Victoria thnt the lleutenunt-govercuwlias  lweii, pleased: by  an   ordcr-ln-councll,  dated 3rd. September, Instnint, to express  Ills approval .that the association! formerly known as the "Mainland $tcam-  shlpinen's Protective association", shall  be known herenfter n.s the "British Columbia Steamshipmen's society."  -      -V      -*     �����������..     ov . w......b..^ QilVUlU.l'I  i   Another thought 'that sort of thing  speeches.  Chauncey M. Depew has appeared In  a hew role. He has taken to giving  advice, free of charge, to labor unions.  An leschange , says that Chauncey  should.confine himself to after dinner  P. S. Cody, or the C. P. R., Nelson,  paid us a visit Thursday. "Pat" Is an  old Vuncouverlte, niul'.was one of the  founders of the Trades nnd Labor'  council In this city. He says the town  bus; grown almost beyond recognition.  Bro. Cody 'has a six months' leave of  absence and will, with his son and  daughter, mnke a prolonged visit to  New',York, where hns has not; been for  about 25 years.  *3i^  Ail, hour, off the day'slaboris an hour!  added to the day's.life. i��  ill  ���i'ltl  :fl.  L0I8 BARMS RAGE  In a gloomy room, mado more dismal liy ii spluttering candle set in a  bottle, the sides o�� whicli wore covered with a copious overflow of tallow, a young mnn sat, attempting to  decipher the words on a small piece  of paper. Near him, wilh her head  bent forward in an anxious, half expectant attitude, was his mother, on  whose,, not unattractive faco were  the lines of toil and suffering.  "Well, Gcorce," slio finally 6aid,  "why don't you read it?"  "1 can hardly make it out, mother," her son replied, "but it's new,  and he says he got the receipt from  one of the great piano makers in  New York. It's tho stuff that makes  the cases shine so. Think of it! If  Icould get such a polish on my skis,  why, I'd win that ��200 and pay off  the mortgage and get you a thick  cloak and all the things you need." ���  "Yes, George," said the woman, a  slight flush tingeing her pale face;  "but you've tried so many kinds of  'dope,' and they all failed. I'm  afraid it's your way of riding, dear."  -, "My way of riding!" exclaimed  rtlio young man, and he looked up  "and ran his hands through his curly  hair. "Why, tliere isn't a man in  Plumas county who can toss more  6now in a day, lift more, stand more,  than can I."   ���  Bis mother said nothing. She  sighed as she looked up at the snow  covered windows, then glanced at  ' her companion with an expression  that combined pride and pity. The  young man had not overstated his  prowess. He was a giant, a colossus  in strength, seven feet tall, but so  thin, so long of limb, so strangely  drawn out that for miles' around ho  was known as "Long Barton" an3  "Tanglefoot."   He was a miner, like  Why don't some of you chaps tell  him nature didn't intend him to  ride skis?"  "Why don't you tell him?" retorted a listener, laughing.  "Waal, it ain't my business, and  I get heaps of fun out of him,  it's  the  truth,  he  ain't  got  but  any  "linn  on' yo'u r  sense." ���   ���  "He's entered for next week," said  one of the group.  "What for ��� thc sweepstakes?"  asked the storekeeper.  "You bet!" was the reply. "He's  got some 'dope' that's like greased  lightning, and yon can't get the secret out of him with a team of wild  horses. Gus Lindberg offered him  $10 for a cupful, but he wouldn't  look at him, and he's given it out  that ho expects to win."  "He'll win if the prixe is for tying his legs into knots," laughed the  storekeeper, "lie can't ec;r.:;l tho  lime lie went to Hiss Bates' party  and slipped at thc head of their  shoot. It was tii feet if it was a  foot, and he wont sliding down like  a log of redwood���a mile a minute.  The front door was shut, and ho  struck it feet first and landed right  in the party, his legs all in knots."  The ski races had been announced  for a week, and Long Barton had  entered. The grand prize was $S50,  and he believed he could win it. But  on the morning of the event his  mother made some excuse for remaining home and was the only woman in the hamlet not present at  the races. She could not bear to  witness his defeat. The course was  on the slopes of the sierras, a splendid hill 2,000 feet, long, slippery as  glass, and of so sharp an angle that  a man could not ascend it, and once  on it with skis, it was a race like tho  wind for nearly half a mile, then out  on to a gradual slope into the valley,  where the little village lay buried.  Every town or village in Plumas  and Sierra counties of any proton-  his father, who! had been killed in i "." "."V ',: y , ���,-'������ t,  an avalanche two seasons before. .!ons haf a skl <=lub, and many of  The winter had set in early, and a lhe members were experts who had  succession of snowstorms had buried performed wonderful feats, and ior  lhe little hamlet of a dozen houses thls,rac�� the pick^of every club;w-as  so deep im-tho snow that around the oiv hand at the top_ of the glassy  Burton home it was. nearly 30 feet I :shde> whlle an admiring crowd of  on the level, and the hamlet, so farTEjen, women and girls looked on.  -   -- ��� cj: The curious IN orwegian snow-shoes,  -'--���-'-��� -���--- -'-I'*  feet long,: four  an inch thick,  intTre male population .had dug the! ��'Vl'�� ""W- -F final polish,  -'������   .revious winters; j every;conestant having his.espeom .  '   dope,   which was his secret. Apart  us appearances went, had been wiped i x-"f *-"������ -;-- ���-,-��  out. of existence and l.-iv with all its j )���ch  *?���. clSh,1 *'  .domestic life'under the snow.! The ! inchcs, wide and half  ������    '    < ���   ���    ' ���'-.. i.'-.i ,i������ n,��� i were being given the  Bartons out, ns in  tho operation consisting in  beginning a shoot 50 feel from the front  of the house, or where it was supposed lo be, and sinking a burrow  or shoot at an angle of 45 degrees in  .the dim-lion of lhe second story.  '.It took some time to accomplish this  after ihe last storm, but finally the  miners reached  the attic window,  .giving a rousing cheer as Mrs. Barton and her son appeared to wel-  ���come them.  From this time the attic window had been the front door.  ���George had cut sle;>s up the burrow,  and the Bartons, as the postmaster  remarked, were "in society again."  The ohimney had been spliced with  pieces kept for the purpose, so that  the top reached lhe surface of the  6iiow, and as George had piled a  plentiful   supply 'of   wood   in   the  house in September and there was  an  abundance of candles,'oil  and  provisions things were as comfortable in the Barton homo as iu any  house in the place 20 or more feet  under the snow.  But there is a skeleton in every  household, it is snid. nnd in the Barton  home it   was pride and  debt.  The elder Barton had left a mortgage on the houjc, which was soon  to expire, and the mortgagee wished  the money, lie lived in thc city, S00  miles distant, and did not care for a  risk where the security was liable to  ���be crushed beneath 30 feet of snow,  ns both Plumas and Sierra counties  were famous for heavy snowfalls.  George Barton had not been nble to  enough monoy for thc mort-  ~Avalanehc-s-had-covcred-t.he  mines nnd  kept  him   from  work.  Then one night in reluming home  he could not find the shoot and had  611VC  -gager  'S'l&t  wandered off and when discovered  was badly frozen. It was the custom  in the village for the miners when  going to work to plant a staff wilh  a rag streamer at thc entrance of  the shoots, so that Ihey could find  their homes if n storm came up. But  the wind had blown Burton's flag  down.  Then there was another trouble.  For a number of years George Barton had been a contestant in the ski  races which are the principal amiine-  menl of the people of these counties  of California in winter, hut id every  one he." hnd been defeated���more,  humiliated, as'twice, unable to control bis long legs, he had at first  wabbled, then slipped and gone  down iho elide upon his buck amid  the roars of laughter and gibes of  the crov.d of spectators.  "The funniest thing about it," ire-  marked the storekeeper, "is that  George thinks he can ride and always lays it to his skis or the 'dope.'  But, bless your heart, a man might  jest as well try to ride on stilts as  them legs of his'n. They uin't built  ���for skiin. They'd make n good skid  lor a bridge. My, how ho did tangle up, legs and arms all in knots!  from the others stood Long Barton  strapping on his skis, which had a  polish such as had never been'seen  before.   They gleamed in the sun  with dazzling brilliance.  If "dope"  counted, thero were those who believed that "Tanglefoot" would win.  The first signal was given, and the  men lined up, their long skis extended forward, their bodies in various  positions.   Each racer bore a long  staff, or starter.   Some held it on  one side, some between their legs,  while others extended it ahead, and  as the word was given each man  gave a mighty shove and projccled  himself down the terrific slide. They  shot over the edge liko a wave of  water over a fall and seemed to Tush  into  space,  then sank  so  rapidly  from view that they were gone before the excited onlookers realized  it.   The speed increased rapidly, and  in 10 seconds was like that of a fast  trotter, at In it was equal to the  fastest train of cars, and at 20 the  best men were holding their breath,  as it was impossible to breathe at  such speed, and the slightest swerve  would send them off the track. From  the side the scene was a frightful  one, as it was hard to believe tbat  human beings could preserve their  position and not be dashed to pieces  under such extreme velocity.   But  the line swept on, a few of the racers  surging ahead. Half way down, and  four arc in advance, two-thirds, and  one tall figure is leading.  It is Long Barton.   He is rushing  with the speed of light.   The new  "dope"~is~carrying hinron-to-victo-  ry.   He knew it; his teeth were set;  his heart was in his mouth���the  goal was just ahead.   Then something   happened.:   He   swerved   a  tenth of au inch; a piece of ice  caught the channel of his polished  ski, perhaps, and the next second  the line of racers rushed like-the  wind by a figure rolling oyer and  over, its legs, arms and long skis  seemingly   tangled   in   a   hopeless  knot. "Tanglefoot" had lost again,  and the loud laughter and gibes of  the spectators rang in his ears as,  half stunned, he slidto the bottom  and picked himself up.    To their  credit, tho winners did not laugh.  It was the crowd on tho hill, and  Barton took off his skis and, avoiding thorn, walked over tho snow nnd  was lost to sight in the shoot that  led to his home.  That night, as was the custom,  there was a ball, and at the earnest  wish of his mother Long Barton  went. But he took no part in the  entertainment and sat by the stove  and, watched the merrymakers,  knowing well that he was the butt  of them all. Late at night, while  he still looked on, a crowd gathered  at the door around a man who had  just arrived���Reel Stacey, the stage  driver.  ynu folks has extra splices  i.iiuneys and flags out," he  said. "ItV 'i-:::;kcd 50. feet! at Evans, and ihe :>0 foot .markson the  pines are covorod, and it's snowing  like it will never stop. But. that's  not what I come for,", he continued,  unrolling a bundle, blanket after  blankcCand producing a baby that  looked up at the men with a wonder-  iii'T 'T:i7e  "A baby!" they shouted in'chorus,  nnd half a dozen arms reached for  tho child.  "Hold on, boys," said the driver;  "business first. This is Jim Grayson's baby. His wife died lust night,  and he's flat on his back. .The cow  was killed in tho snow, and there  ain't any milk in this town but  this," and the old driver held up a  quart bottle. "Now, thc doctor  says that the only thing to save the  baby is to get it out,where there's  milk.   If we don't, it will starve."  "Why, Reel," said the storekeeper  in an awed whisper, "it's death to  try the mountains in such a storm!"  "So I told the doctor," replied  the stage driver, "and I haven't the  nerve to try it. I know what it is���  a man's life against thc kid's. But  I said I'd state the case. He's a newcomer at Sierra. He got hero and  can't get away."  "It's 50 miles to milk if it's a  foot," remarked a red whiskered  miner in tho group. "Won't bread  and water do ?"  "It might for some," retorted the  driver, "but this baby's not built  that way. Sho wants milk, and she  won't touch anything else. They've  been trying it for days. Is tliere any  man here that can suggest anything?" And tho speaker raised his  voice. i,,..  Every miner present knew that it  was impossible to get out of the  mountains, even if it was not snowing, until the snow had settled. Every one recalled the names and faces  of men who had met death trying to  cross tho sierras in storms, and for  a few moments no one answered.  Then, as the driver pulled the blanket over the little figure, which ho  held closer to his breast, a voice  said:  "Well, if the baby wants mill:,  she's going to have it; don't you forget it, boys." And Long Barton  edged through the crowd and Ionic  the child, in his arms. lie rolled it  up in the coverings the stage driver  had taken off. Then he pulled on  his-,snow cap and, followed by the  men to the door, went out into the  storm.  "Well," exclaimed Reel Stacov,  "I'd have picked 'Tanglefoot' tlm  last one for such a proposition. But,  boys, we've mistook him. He's got  sand, for he's going to his funeral."  What Georgo Barton said lo his  mother no one knew. Time was the  essence of this transaction, and in a  very short while .he came up the  shoot clad in his furs, the baby  wrapped in a fur bag which was  slung under his arm. He carried his  staff, in his hand,! a revolver in his  pocket for wolves, and on his booted  feet were the skis whicli the incomparable "dope" had polished so that  he could hardly stand. A moment  later he was lost to view.  The same dogged persistency  which had led Long Barton lo believe that he could win the race made  lie made some descents that equaled  thc famous race course, narrowly es- I  eaping trees and rocks, holding one |  armTabout the bundle, patting it as i  he heard fitful cries.   Again lie was  caught in an avalanche,'reaching the  bottom waist deep in snow, the5 baby  almost buried.   It was now daylight,  arid after digging his feet out he unrolled the bundle and, protecting it,  gave the baby a ration of the milk, '  THE KING SNAKE.  He la the Deadly   Enemy of  Every  t  .   Polnoupns Reptile.  Of dill" kind)provisions of nature per-  hups the maimer'! lu which suuUes ure  brought Into'the^world la the most remarkable. Aa jia rule all harmless  suttkes are hatched from eggs, arriving In batciics of from thirty to eighty.  The poisonous snakes,iou the other  hand, nre born In litters of from seven  to eleven In number.   There are ex-  Uil>u   lilt,   v.."j   --      wliich.had kept warm against his | ^^"t^;; o^ourse. but  bod}'.  It looked wondermgly at lnm ������ -        ..,,  .. ���_.���������.,������   ,-nr  the while, and George, who knew  very little about babies, made up his  mind that it must be a very good |  'natured one. i  He did not realize,how weary he  was until he started up again. Then  ho found that his foot had been  twisted and he was lame. The cold  was increasing, tho snow was finer  and filled his eyes, and he felt that  this was the beginning of the end.  But on he pressed until the afternoon, when the baby cried, and he  stopped to give it the remainder ofthe milk, looking at tho little face  with red and desperate eyes. On he  went again, now running, now limping, plunging down the slopes until I by" human" band, tiie reptile seems  he began to experience a strange ] pleased with the touch. He makes  oppression, as though a band of iron ��� -*  was about his head. !Then he seemed to be at home, aud ho tried to ask  his mother to take the baby. Ho  suddenly stopped, trembling, realizing that his mind was not clear, and  dashed  snow  upon  his  forehead.  Then he rushed on again like a  madman.  How far he went no one knows to  this day, but it had been many miles  in tlie wrong direction, when, with" a  wild laugh, which frightened those  who heard it, Long Barton nnslung  av bundle and plunged into a half  buried wickiup,  from the top  of  which sparks were rising.' The men  reached for their firearms at sight of  the gigantic and wild eyed figure,  but the squaw, laying her papoose  among the blankets, with unerring  instinct caught the bundle from tho  hands of the falling man, and Jim  Grayson's baby was saved.   As for  "Tanglefoot" Barton, ono of tha  , half breeds, who came in to the,'vil-  | lage from another wickiup and who  I understood English, said he was  i clean off his head and thought he  had won a race.���Charles E. Holder  in New York Evening Tost.  Arc you going  to start a  Newspaper ?  thoy tire'1 few and unimportant, for,  though the deadly kins cobra lays ber  eggs to be hatched ,by the'sun. tbey  are few In number, unlike' the colonies  deposited by the harmless siiakes.  Chief among tbe enemies of" the  snakesinre tbe_ reptiles themselves.'  Cannibalism Is general anions the creatures, the smaller snake serving' as  food to the larger one. But chief of all  ! snakes that hunt their own kind for  tbe pleasure of slaughter Ib the Ions,  slender king snake, a constrictor by  bablt and a, flash in his:movements.  Among all reptiles the king snake  alone may truly be said to bo the  friend of man. He is found throughout the whole south, where the rattler  trad moccasin abound, sunning himself  and preying for slaughter.   Picked up  no effort to escape, but twine* about  his captor's arm - and makes himself  comfortable.  To tbe rattlesnake and to every other dangerous snake, large or small,  tbo king snake Is a terror.  The poison  of a rattler has no moro effect on htm  than so much moonshine.   Instinctively tbe rattler knows his match and at  sight of a king snake tries to escape.  If possible. : Ip tight the king snake re-  | lies wholly upon his incredible speed,  j If tbe movements of an ordinary snake  i seem quick to the human eye, tbe  movements  of  o   king  snake  would  seem instantaneous.   In a twinkle the  long, lank fellow! has wound himself  about tbe throat of au antagonist and,  bis sinewy colls closing about tbe otb-  er's throat*: chokes the wind out of  blm  Too Early.  One raw February morning an Instructor In the University of Michigan  was calling the roll; of an 8 o'clock  oIbbs in English.  "Mr. Robbins," snid he.  Tliere was no answer.  "Mr. Robbins," in a slightly! louder  voice.  Still no reply.  said: the Instructor, with ���  H[ Then write to us for prices and  terms upoh.TYPE. MATERIAL and  MACHINERY, 7:y-iyl- y r:;���  ��fi We carry the only stock In the  Northwest, and can Ornish complete Job and Newspaper Plants at  short notice; also Ready-Prints in  all sizes and styles. :::::::::  l!  Toronto Type Pdry  Co'y, Limited.  175 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg,  for your  Summer Outing  Peaks three miles high,  snow-clad in July-  flashing trout streams-  big game-- camping-  mountain climbing.  Ask for our book���  "A Colorado Summer."  ,  C. C. CARPENTER, Pass; Agt.,.  503 Guaranty Bldg.,  Minneapolis,     -   -   -    Alinn.  In and Into.  Much confusion characterizes the  use of these two prepositions. Stor-  month gives tho simplest and best  rule concerning them which we have  come across. He says: "Into comes  after a verb denoting motion, and  in follows a verb denoting rest."  This gives the idea comprehensively, but it must not be taken literally. Thus it is entirely proper to  say "He fell in the street." The  person referred to may have been  walking or standing still when ho  fell. He was, however, already in  the street, and therefore when he  fell he did not move into it. If,  however, he was in a building or  other structure facing thc street and  he fell, landing in the street, it  would then be proper to say "He  fell into tho street."  In is frequently an adverb, and  in such cases it should be used after  a verb denoting motion. For example, it is correct to say "He came  " of one who had been asked to  "Ah "  2XU, MM.W        .....  quiet smile, "como to think of it, it is  rather ��arly for robins."  This is Current Literature's anecdote  of the late Moses Colt Tyler, who later  became; professor of history at" Cornell, and it shows him in the pleasing  light of a, man who could be boyishly  gay at a gray and cheerless hour���no  small feat, If one. stopsto consider an  instructor's provocations to morning  dullness.  ANAD1AN FACMC  ii  About  Printers.'  Blnrlcs,  The interrogation mark or "point'  --.  !..���n��� "������.���������� nml nn "0."  O)  him think that bo could carry the | cnter a house_ But if a prepOSition  baby to safety. If he had been ask- j were to be uscd in this lcoimection  ed an hour before if a man could   lhe   hrase would be ��no came into  do this, he would have said no.   He  strode up the littlo valley, keeping  in the center, witli thc walls of the  sierras,   suowclad,  trembling  with  avalanches on cither side and in en  hour struck the straggling forest,  lie knew the trees well and for five  miles kept the trail.   Then ho came  to thc first slope.   By lhe aiibof his  stall' he made a rapid slide, reaching  the bottom of the .canyon safely in  a few seconds.   And this was to be  his experience���climbing and slid-  ingr-Thirnuxt-hill-wns so soft-lhat-  ho  was   breathing   hard   wlien   ho  reached half way.   Then he felt a  tremble, a nameless thrill, and the  entire side of thc mountain seemed  to give way, and he was carried irresistibly down on the wings of tin avalanche,   lie made desperate struggles and by a miracle kept near the  top and after much labor dug himself out.  It had stopped snowing as ho  started down the canyon, now sliding, now leaping, the famous "'dope"  carrying him woll and fast. I'rom a  deep valley ho must climb the next  range, but when ho was half way up  the snow begun to fall again, and he  became bewildered. He could not  see the stars and would have to'trust  to luck. So he swung himself over  the divide and rushed' down tho  slopes. Another range to climb, and  still it snowed, and later the wind  rose and tossed the snow aloft in  great spectral wraiths that looked lo  his distorted vision like shrouds.  But that warm bundle so close to h'l  heart gave him courage, and li��  pushed on.  Five hours he had boon traveling  steadily. He could not remember  how many ranges he had passed.  He had forgotten how many ranges  he was to cross to reach the town  the house."  Those who will commit to memory the rule quoted will soon be sure  of their ground when they have occasion to use in or into.  Dlv'nliglnff. a Secret.  was originally a "q" and an "o," the  latter placed under the former. They  were simply tho llrst and last letters of,  the Latin word "questio." So, too, with  the sign of exclamation or interjection  (!).!,In its original purity It was a combination of "1" and "o," the latter underneath; as in the question mark. The  two stood for "Io,' the Latin exclamation of joy. The paragraph mark Is ���  Greek "p," the initial of the word paragraph. The early printers employed a  'dagger to show thnt a word or sentence was objectionable and should be  cutout.   " ������  A Terr Old Role.  [���[. The oldest mnthematlc book In the  world is believed to be the "Papyrus  Itblnd" ln the. British museum, professed to have been written, by Ahines,  a scribe ot King Rn-a-us, about the period between 2000 and 1700 B. C. This  "Papyrus RhindV was translated by  Elsenlohr of Leipslc, and It was found  to contain a rule for making a square  equal In area tn a given circle. It was  not put forth as an original discovery,  but aRthe transcript Of o treatise 500  years older still, which sends ns back  to, approximately. 2T)00 B. C, when  Bgyptlnn mathematicians solved, or  thought tbey had solved, the problem  of squaring the circle.  7 Proved Her Claim.  "1 wanted to show," she! said, "that  womnn-is-m&Hgned,_tha_t.JjrevIty_ls^  quite as much her attribute as it Is  man's, and so when he proposed I had  to say 'Yea.'"  VYou might have said 'No,'"it was  suggested.  "Not at all," she protested. "When  you say 'No,' you have to explain why  you say lt and tell how sorry you are,  and It would have spoiled everything."  ������THE" ROUTE TO  Australasia  And the Orient  CANADA'S SCENIC ROUTE '  Travel by the O. P. S. and' b�� a��-  aured ol SOI4P-COMFORT.  First-class C. P. R.' Sleepers  on all through trains. ,,  Through Tourist Sleepers ���  the bestj  Tourist Bates quoted to all points    j  East, West, South,     j  The Old Country,  The Orient,  The Antipodes.  tf  Those desiring Information In   n  gard to any part ol the world reach-' >l  ed by the C. P. R. or Its connection* ;'  are requested to apply to any' C. P.1'  R. representative or to \ s  c. e. Mcpherson ij  Gen. Ptii. Agt.,.Winnipeg.  '. \m  Canadian Northern Ry  Eastern '  ���  -....Tours!  ���via . thor-  "I wonder whom Miss Kllppe Is wearing mourning for."  "That's not- mourning; merely n  fancy of the artist's. Ho.Intended to  paint .us black, too, but he didn't bnve  enough of tbe ink to do it."���Chicago  Aiucrlcan.   An acre oi  pouiuls of rose  ounces of the  nml this quautll.v  llOSVM.  land   will   kIvp    1.3'  p.'ials. I'l 1.111 which !i'  :.t(.ir :n.i.v  be <"�����'���'���'���  luis 11 lniii'iu't villi  of from Sf.15 to .fSTi." The 'rusewiue1.'. :.  byproduct. uuiomu<: to Mill K.illcr.s ;!.���  acre, worth'from Tu cents to SI a kh!  Ion.   Silk  Hutu  ill   KiiKlaml.        '  Silk hats continue to be very r:���.!���,..  louahle In England. Of course '!!.���  greatest wear Is lu London, but.tlirou;::.  out Great Britain there ls exiiemh-i  each year over $1,000,000 on this sijl.  of headgear.  . SnRKcitlnir a Remedy.  With sarcastic fingers the!deaf and  dumb lady curtain "'lectured ! her husband for betting on the raceH.  VEIthcr talk slownr," be spelled but  on his hnnd. "or else put hopples on  your Supers. Tbey Interfere when you  strike this gait"  Dntall Hequlrlnic Attention,  If every mail Is the architect of bis  own destiny, tie should pay! particular  attention to t!u\ fire: eseupes.���Philadelphia Record.  Somehow whenever we bear a man  culled an Adonis wc long to hunt him  up and smash his pretty, iiiose.  Great Lakes  ��� ToSlst"Ratos"to"airpolnts-in���  ONTARIO, QUEBEC,   V  MARITIME   PROVINCES  ������> EASTERN STATES s  Ono ot the most delightful trips, 1  with every modern convenience foiil  th* comfort of possongers. /.J  Ocean Tickets  by all Liner.  -11  For dates  ol sailing and  rescrva  tlon of berths apply to any agent o ���  tho Canadian Northern Railway,  o  GEO. H. SHAW,      ,  Traffic Manager, Wlnnlp���� tl  to  " "''    BteD Toward It,  "Darling, may I consider myself yonr  accepted loverJ"  "Well-er���er��� hardly;tlint!, Rut for  the present you may consider, yourself  my prevailing fad."  An.old book in which were rocort1  ed the nets of John Walker, a cheir  ist of Durham, furnishes evident,  that ho wns tho first inventor of tl'  Inciter match. In 1827 he sold tl  iirst! box, the price being oightet'  pence.  If the young'man in the case is ,  love    and the girl isn't he makes   j  fool ol himself; but if. the-girl is   li  love and he isn't ho makes.-a fool ( j  hor. *  When the officeholder loses his gr(  he docs less handshaking. *'B LINK WITH THE PAST       BAR0N shibusawa.  , .Input'.   Mrhtat   citizen   nml   (ounlrv'i  I Liuiliu;   llimhirM. Mau In  lunulu  j.��j fr-,-~i'���r*4Ht-.f"r Jnfjnrniiiiioii  I Baron Elichi Shibusawn, who is  usiting this vfcountiy^ to gather m-  Jfonnatitfn Ion the" enhtiniunent ol  'Japan's indt.stiinl and eoiiiii etcial  .inteiests, is one of -rthc wc.'lihust  men of the Japanese Enipne end has  done more town id.tho lndusli.ul de-  tolopi.ioi.t of Japan than uny otl.ci  intliMiiu.il  A link witli the stormy past out.1'' Dai on .SMbusatva occupies'a pbsi-  of tvhiih wc hnvi, bo to spin.. piiI\ , tlon '" the "uustiial .mil coininoiciul  Just emuged, is .1 huge hoii'-e, .-..ul |'l<"l��i of Japan syrontniotis 1,1111  to b.' the liniM. in l.n- 'luiasvual, . llllU of 5r'-"i">,�� ll�� "> the politic.l  which    oveilools    11    tost      t.M,uns>. j -innns  of the Unpno      lie  is  pi,m-  ������    11 it ! llc,lt 0| the biggest bnnlv nnd heaMly  iiitciested 111 five lailionds in Japan  LIONEL PHILLIPS' HANDSOME HOUSE  IN THE TRANSVAAL.     'X'S  Bom* at tlia Chiirf sJcimtory of the Fu-  mouN llefoiin Lettor of Invlturitin to  tho JnuiLMuii llaldirs��� The storj iin  loid b> Mr. 1 lt7patrIcU lu*'lhe Ir itij.-  vnnl I mm 11 Itliltt "  SIR MADHOW SIXGH.  of country near Joliuniii'buig lt Is  tho home of Hi..Lionel i'lullijis, 1111I-  lionuno und cluct slgnatoi} 01 the  famous Keformr letter of in.ilalun  to tho Jameson nucleis The stoiy"  of the tioiitinent of Sir. Phillip* mid  his 'fellow'prisonous, after tho Raid,'  told in full hy Mr. l'll/paHick 111  his i etniii knVo book "lh" Tinns-  vaal 11 om Within," is a black .uul  bitter   one ' '  Mr. Phillips was one of the members of the Rcf.01111 Committee, arrested nnd tnken through to Pic-  tona on 3I.U ch lit, 3SDG After ninny  adiouiumcntb, leiiuuids wilh'ut bail,  tho tnal commenced on A pi 1 '2d,  and pleas of ' GuiltV,' weie iccoitl-  cd. Jude Grcgoiotvs\i was sporuilly  chosen to try tho pi isoiii'i s bemuse  he" had openly c\piess.>d his nni-  mosity ngamst them On Messis  Phillips, Colonel Rhodes, I'uiiai and  Hammond sentences of death was  pronounced, thc otheis 110113 condemned to two yeais' uipiisonnieni  and a fine of ��2,OHO e.tih Tlie  punishments had ull been .11 rancid  by Gicgoiowski, und surpiisi'd ticn  the Boer policemen, onu of whom  exclaimed concerning the judge, 'Mv  God' ho is like a dog he has bitten  and (.hewed and (' guizlcd,"    1 [r t '  Tho piisoneis wcie'dclibci.itcly induced to plead guilty, nnd mislead  us to tho consciences of that plea  The death sentence, though ultimately 1 evoked, Ur. Pitzpalnck tells  us! was not icguided "asa-nieic foi-  mality," hut viewed by tlu Go^eminent party as "a dehbeiatc unci l,n-  al    judgment."        1  The life in Pictona gaol of III  Phillips' and'his fuends is shocking  to contemplate. 'Iluir food was  given them in tin dishes placed on  the gi ound, and consisted at bi eal.-  fast of maue meal poindge, flavoiod  with coarse salt "No sugiti, mills,  tea,  or coffee was allowed."   Dinnei  and Koic.i, thico. othei hanks, Jh_  Nippon, Yusen Knisha tSmpaii},  which operates 11 big^Ileet'.of sleAm-  ei s 111 tho 01 icnt and across the t'ac-  lili', anvl.jntall kinds of jnaaui'acuir-  ing enteipiiscs, their .urgi^'dlc enp-  ltal exceeding 200,000,000< v en Uu  has established S'hools, lefoinmto-  rics, oipluinnqos, hospitals nntl othei  institutions for public hcnclit  ln 11)00 he was cicatcd a peer of  MAHARAJAH, OF  JAIPUR,   RULER  OF  STATE OF RAJPUTANA.  HOME OF LIONEL PHI r LIPS  was a small allowance of course  meat boilc I, nnd half-a-pound of  haul broad Supper 'ias similar to  breakfast Even this food was sometimes docked or withheld at thc  caprice. 01 >_the biutal gaoler, vl)u  Plessis, -a "relative"of Mi. Kruger  The -latter 'wily peisonage meanwhile was attomptod to induce the  piisoneis to s-ign a petition' asking  for meicy, and admitting that they  weie justly dealt, with This they  would not do, and one ol Hum-  Mr riedenck Grey���driven mad .by  harsh tieatment, committed suicide  Public opinion wasJso moused ; at  this that'Mr Kruger thought it  advisable   to tempoi i7e" a little.  Another form of jpitition was put  before- the prisoneis, who consisted  of "twenty-three Fnglishnion, sixteen South Afileans, nine Scotchmen, six Amei leans, two Welshmen,  one Ii lchiuun. one Austialian, one  llollundei, one'Dat an jn, one Ger-  iiin.li, ono Canadian, one Swiss, and  one Turk " All except tlie fom sen-  tent cd to death nnd two who le'used  to appeal weie leleased on pa.unent  of   hues of ��1,000 each  To the piisoneis eondeinncd , to  death, it was intimated that if an  offer of suftieient money was , nnule  e\en thej   might be paidoned An  offer   was   made    of   ��.10,000   each  Ihib   was not erough   ,  The   willing Boer tool, Juclgo Gie-  goiowski,   was again made use ' of,1  nnd   he assessed  the  ' piesent"      to  the   executive at ��25,000, each, nnd  this   sum Mi. Phillips and Ins   foui  colleagues paid  This money was not 111 the Boei  e\cs a fine, hut a "pics-cut," ai>d  Mr Fitzpatiick explains why, as  follows ��� "The Boers are 111 then  way a very leligious peoplc_ li'it  ���the.v aie alb's cssentidllyT"!)!aetic.il ,  and it is difficult to find nn instance in which the religious pnn-  ciple has opeiated to then eoinmei-  cial disadvantage This, at any  late, wns not one The train of  seasoning which led them to justify  tlio imposition of a line was somewhat 111 tins wise���To impose a fine  would be to take blood-monev, and  would be immoral and iniquitous,  to accept the offer of a piesent on  condition that the sentence --hould he  he   quite nnothei   thing."  Mi. Phillips is to be tongiutulnl-  entirely 1 emitted, howe\ei, would  ed on noing able to go back to his  beautiful Johiinneslnug home unit'1  tho British Dag, and with no fe.11  of any letivul of the unpleasant past  of which that homo must occasionally icmind him Our sketch is  fiom   a  photogiaph.  n\i:o\ 1111 i'i =mntb\wA  the^iealm in(iccognition of his sci-  vices in pioinoting the inc'us'ual development 0/ the eOuntiy. It was  thc fust time such an Impel ml fat 01  was extended to a pnvatc business  man '       < " '  J Besides his business enterprises,  Baron Shlbusnwa is'president and  dnectoi of many associations and  clubs for the advancement of sovi.il  conditions and education geneinliy.  The b.u on is accompanied by his  wife und a nuincious eompuny of  friends and attendants. After touring this countiy the paity willnsit  Fiance, Gieat Britain and Geimany  Canada's banking sjstom li, now  engaging the attention of the Japanese eoinmissioneis who came to America a year ago thaiged with tho  business ol investigating the ciecht  and cuncnty aiiangemonts on th-s  side of the Pacide.  They take the most piaetical way  of making thcmseltco acquainted  with the methods nuclei cuquuy  They select a t.tpicnl lnstitiitio", s"o  cine the pnvilege 01 soit ing on i.s  staff, and loam by cxponcnic the  loutine of duties and woiking ofthe  sjstoin. Thus they hate ncqiiiicd intimate knowledge of thc National  and State banks of the United States  and thus they piopose to get an 1111-  dcistanding of bank business 111 tlvs  countiy For six weeks the two  gentlemen will piactitethe duties of  emplojts and olheials of tlnee ofthe  banks of jllontienl.  Mr Iktita, the senior commissioner, is chief elerk of the Bank of Japan Tlntf institution issues the only  paper mone> now menial ing 111 the  countiy Japan has no shoitape of  banking houses, there being 2,103  head o'hees and l,7-'0 blanch oil.ces  The totnl paid-up capital of tne  banks is 288,021,897 yen, orupwnids  of 514-1,000,000 But the deposits  of the countiy aio tery laige, and  foi the safety of these, as well as  for the gieatei elasticity of the currency, refoims may be made  In 18'J7 Japan broke away fiom  tho sitter standard,, to twInch all the  Asiatic countries ndhcicd, and established the gold basis At' tho  close of 1899 the Government ceiscd  issuing 3'1casury���notes.__ Mr. J^cuta  appears to be tery favorably impressed with the" Cana'dian- system 'of  banking. ���For fthe purposes of the  Bank of Japan he consideis" it-mueh  better than ,'the United States ^system.  ,ln Onhutlox Hinduci'tf tiilt to l.nn,lnn''lo  Atlflrd tho Km;;'* ( iir>)iiutlo,i- 411 Hi.  loud Jlruught I r���m Intllit. 1 u>l !>���  bhnuhl Oireiul .l^-.lnlt isun b\ louili-  I> c   llllllilii'; 1 (irhhliUi,  One   of the most impoitant     per-  S'liigcs     aii'oii^st     tho     .orou.uiou  gue>ts   of the King,  was,the .Mihu-  aiuh   of Jaipiu,  iuler,of tlu     cnuf  pilneipal.ty   1.1 she t^st nntlto Scale  of   Haipulan.i     i.e is one      of      the  n.ost     ctiliKlitini.l     aii.oiijst Iiuli tu  Pi mics,      ins     nnllio.is of subiects,  ,speaking   of hi, i  as     r.Uhci   oi     his  ptoiile," und loo! iin; up to linn wi.h  llu   inmost lote nnd leteiencj    'l'<u  Mnlai.uah,   v ho n..  ti.ulilion cl.iin.s  to   ',(. Iho illicit tleseent'ant     of    the  y,uu Cod,  was  oorii  in     1S5H,   ai.d  su'ccerdocl to the tin ono of his anecs-  toisin l<?so        lie is a stout,   but  toiv   alcit,   ninn  with a   I nii, pies-  enie, and is a most devout   Hindoo.  eteiv      atom    0f 1001I and chop   of  ,tl in!:     etLti  ttatei    bein<     bi ought  with   him lioin Indi.'   kst he should  o.ioirl      against     eusle by lotieh'nj  taioi'iini?   foi bidden    His     gieat city  of.Jnipt'i, the thief comnieitial   city  of   Iiniputan.1,  takes its name    fiom  Mahaiaiah  ^lw.ti   Jai Sin��h II .   hy  ttho n it wits founded   m  170S      It  slant sin lheJ,el,of a dnetl-.ip hike,  -and .s i,i,ai\a!jie foi   the logul.uuy  and   wiith of us sticets     Its    gai-  dens, , I nown as I-ain Newa=,   eotei  ^settniy   atie., end mc eciisideied th.'  ^inct in  India  'I he liemlon Chronicle pives the  'ui'lownig stoiy of the met lit d bv  which a mio ITindoo lJnnte duds  it pe"=iulo to leave his eoiui'iy loi  tie ccoii.itio'i without losing caste,  bv taii^ibg llu linage 01 one of  hi^ iroi's wth h im The Cluoniele  is.v s  Mthough tte have seen many thous-  nnc's cf Hindoos in this country,  we hate not jet been fatoiocl with  a visit fiom an oithodox niemhci of  that tonimunitv lhe (mc Hin'loo  is  most tenaelous, in his arihciencc to  Slnr) or I,ii to Ur Inllnngr  The late Dr. Talmnge used to tell  this ns one of his favorite stones  "I was riding in a Brooklyn hoi so  enr one day when a vbry large woman got on. As she went to sit  down, the spate not being any too  much, she oteilappcd some, and 1  hoard a man on onc~side mutter under lus breath) 'I didn't suppose  they eniried elephants ln those.cars,'  Immediately tho woman jumped' up,  and, gesticulating wildly in the direction of tho'rear platform, shouted. 'Conductor! Conductor! There's  an elephant and a hog in this car,  and  tho elephant wants to get out."'  A  tlUfilutl .Tn .isle of tto^tl��  You do not change a man's state  bv calling lnm another name 'ih;  libciation oltthe soils wns moiely_n  juggling oi wolds'- The" Ri ssutii  peasant is not and notei has hec.i  fiee England p .id us colon.'���f  millions and S"t thelunego sutc-  fiee. Kii'sia Iibcuccl tie sens bv  oi dei ing tlieni to pay to thc state  an amount equal to the capiln'i -a-  tion ol the dues their lanilloids extorted plus the cost of colleen in  The contention of tho pensants was  that they wero unable to pav the  sums the lundloids clciiinmlcil, us 1 c-  ing beyond the .tielcl of land otni|i-  cd Tho annual leties aie muie t'l.m  the dues used 'to be The .tenants  got into mi ifin s The foitj-iiine  jciult payments winch weie tobi'm?  alioiit the ' icileni|ition ofthe land1'  will not balance the outfit, unci to  nil intents and pin poses the pnt-  ments are Imperial tuxes and pei -  nuuieiit.    ti  l nimiruA lo ' eplnat. t lnrl<��  The taineia pi cruises to become ns  indispensable in biibiucs iidans as  tho typewntei It Is now being used  in the lepioduction of documents,  statistical tal les and other pnpeis  whose duplication by hands would bet  lnbouous and cxpcnsite In a teiy  bnef period the cameia reproduces  these things with absolute eoncct-  ness and with much labor sated  This is one ol the dn actions in which  photography has gieat valuo.      '  ,A \ow lleflaetor.  A nqw thing in the way of i reflectors for electric lamps ls one made of  mica.  MAtlAKUUI OF JtlflTII  his own customs The tery ;den of  refoim is a S'n anl ho tan never  dican of Lomiiig lo our <-hoies, for  that involves the ciossihg of tho  "Isa'a'iani," (black w.ttei ' or the  "ea), which would n.can lo him tho  lots of his taste Yet we ale  about to e��! n oui rnjst, ate illy  oithxiox nindoo Piinee, litmg and  lt.ovin^ about in st.ictlv oithodox  Hindoo style I lis iiii.hne s .Sir  Maoliow Sinyh, ti C S 1 , G C II. ,  is better known *n Indi i mil heie  as thc Mahai niah of Jaipiu , one of  the l.iigest native Staler ln lia'pu-  t,.n', C-ntial India His Highness,  Uin.; to-n between the clt^nc to  accept the invitat.on to the eoiona-  'lon aim Ins ic'iyioiis sciunlcs, culled his Coi.it Pun lits to him riid  ri'(|i,e-.iecl them to <li"-eot��:i sonic in-  j inction or othei fi om the ���- icrcd  SLnptuics which should allow lnm  to cioss the sea, and yet keep his  caste and itn.ples intact Although  the Mahaiaiah's problem was nn ev-  tiemely difficult one, rnd tax,sl then  wits to thc utmost, it was so1 ted at  lust aid tho solution was a most  inncnions one Tluy decided that  nJllunK shoit of t.ikmg Copal l, the  Jlch lamhs fat oi ite unnge of Krishna, with him, and eating mthnu  .but food .ilriatly ofTcied to iiopnln,  could save hu caste nnd m tuples  fiom   Lcinjf lro\'��'> ty the vo.tugc  But nnjthsr c'lfliculty presented lt-  se'f rJh' iiiohlciii now Was How  i"ould he take Gopalji on boaid a  vessel polluted bv the killing or  cling of the eow the most sar-etl  annual of the Hindoos' Tiis msui-  n rninitij'c dirt'cu'ct was oiriioric  with lie eclp of Aless, s 'J ho nns  -' ook-& "-oii ��� l,.s_aurnis, who sctii-  eil fo' him e ' r. '1 n"w boat, inst  built, ,li3 uppei tlcik oi v.'i ,h li ul  to un','if,..) to'a adiliticns anil al-  te'atii.iis to s'nt the ictiuiie.ntnls ol  Gopalji ano the Muhn mail  \n imaive of a Hiniloo god has  net oi bcloie been imncl out of hi-  din much less ncio's sea' Tliec.u-  im*'H of Gopnlu ncro's the oeem  i.ivohes icspcnsilulilics ami aiian^e-  mjuts of ������������; niosl i^cculiai and ei-  nboinfu (liii..etei All sloies ic-  iliinpd foi t'le.jkitthin of Gopnlii.  veio In ought o i hnaid���fiom nr^  'nnl Pom and i-hej '.Iniified Init-  in). do, n to 'In Mi.,i!lest li lie, croup li to hist the whole pci led of  ll," tout 13.en i lien the M.ili.i'n-  i ih a ntos in 1 upland nil fio li lull1 >n teijcta'des 'ill le sliip] ed lion.  Iln"ibi'\ iiescivn' in He last i.i n-  rer | os"!1 le, foi (!n|ial|i enn'nt  ton,h nnvt'in.g nol giown in li d,n  I'ttn Indian tv.ith wns hiou^ht on  boaid lest it sho iltl be wauled at  nnv   tune  AIoi.it lodge Cnmpdcn IIIII, his  been taken foi the Mahauilnli and  his peisonal utten.l.ints und nnothei largo builiiui',' neai by foi the  leniaindci of his ictintie Aftei the  coionation thc Mahaiajnh may Un-  deitake a continental torn, but  this hns not jet been settled The  ccst of the whole tour has been  estui.ated.it  ��170,000,   but  thc  ae-  AF0LO rxVGWi.  i i       i ���   QniMi   t   ��ll i   ���l   iSHinli    Jn    ' lli''il''j   111  i"l  I uti. us   YiMinr io I.,ili,l���(i �����  vtifinl K.n^'K ,ii.��,mi ��,hi'  Among the colonial rcpusinta itcs  m l.��rili>ii to at,end tlie toionaion  one oi ilie j ,osl t%,uous was Ap, io  Itngvn ihe l,..ti!.i-o o Cr.rm tiler oi I gamin und Chiei l.t^ent of  the kingilu.l|0tei which tunt 1,'nt-  'niii is pKiiceto l,t ,��� Jvl���.iU 1 rs  a tall, w.n-ia.u'o man, of 11.,'ita Iia-  ti.ii',, wi.ni �� ii (. putuioMiue ios-  tuuii- of lhe ^'iralir U'i< fs of Urnniki  He is .'19 .veais ,u a^e, aid ii.lclsI.is  descent fur iiitun f;,'ioiutuis He  is ii'iusuallv iiHolli^Ltit ctei, for the  .Jii^iii.da, and is u.iiioiibU('>v the  sti unrest man  in  the eouiitij de  has wiltten fiue books in his own  l��ui.runi{L\ one on thc In-ioiy oi  ,U(V'iil.i, one on folklote ,i d oiio on  vlhe h-.tPiy of his tube, j.c vv. ' tlie  Tnst to build a tow-stviiied liotisc in  Uganda a'ld nl o cttttil t'le hist  Irak dwelling His ,v ti e is ntlcii  with elc^iui bells, ard 1-t i- the only n.i11'c who lidos a In jile  < In the coins," oi eonve,' iticm v ith  MUutei's npiL'cnt.ititi' tie Kan' ro  sjiokf as rollows thiough the i.itoi-  piet'i Who eter I'm gill oi con i a-  to tins countiy'and Lcim; gicclidto  nnelj' 1 was tciy ile.iscd to be  n.et bv Sn Clement Hill What i.in  I th.nk of the KlrK�� lo see lus  head in the dis'ancc will be agic.t  thing, foi ho nles a'tlnave penile  H is a gieat honor to come to see  ithe King You h._ve si.tli liuciorcis  Suiely this one heie must be the  load the King comes along"  He said he had been teit ill dining the sea vojngc, niul added ' Tho  steamer is a vvoiuieifiil thing, because it is a house on the Wntei ard  you can play on it "  ' Asked about afians m ITganc a ho  said The countiy is nov teiy timet  nidiel, but theie is the a t'u l sleeping sickness It nas killed IC.COO  people in Busoga In the (list tt of  K.tngwe 400 dead weie eo n.Ud in  two niontlis and 2 000 in ti\ iionths  I want to see hovv you build noescs  in l.ngland, s* that I can do tne  same "  The Knlikiio's career hr.s been a  reiivik.iblc one Vvhen cinte tou.ig  he was a pub in,tho Coi it of King  Jltesn, and alter that i ulei's death  rose to thc uinlc of stow aid uudei  the notorious Mwanga He alwats  he'd himsolf alcof fiom the baibiri-  ties of the eailier days, and in eon-  seijiienic was on moie than one oe-  ca-ion beaten and cut by sjeais bj  Mw iiiga Afteiwaids Mwanga ��.itc  linn a chieftainship Owing lo his  influence Mwanga signed the ticntv  wnll Captai'i Sn Fiede'ick I igard  in 1 SJ'O 'lhe Katikno was leid of  thc fences in tho v a.- ol 18P2, end  (lii.mg the King's Ihfht mleri the  countiy He has ali.jvs been noted  foi his gieat loyalty, and nas mvar-  i.iblv stood up Ior the Bntish, even  at lus ovvn nsk.  THE POISON PLANTS  S0V1=  OF THOSE  WHICH  ARP  MON IN THIS COUNTRY.  COM  I'oIkou II, ml,��I. or Mder���Uiioiiblnf���  M.-hMiudi-Hnlson 1t>���Hit- ��l;iik b\  VV lilcl, I It^nr !>!in��i.rouii -uuinipr Pliiut^  t'.nv Un Xiuovrti��� Dr iirln^M vv hioh tl��\  llt.lp Iou io lii.lln^uUh 1 in li ofl hi ni.  Put ing last siiiiiinei i.iore i.i-js  cf i'i poisoning vteic lopo.tcd tl in  .n seveuil jeais pievimislt 1 o' this  'i.|s(>,, no pjeeaut'.oiis .hoJul be neglect d to nd tl.e ni ig!" oi hood of  tlu   i Iml' eeily this   mi'ii ci  Poiti niiU-'v poison iv. s easily  iLo-'ni/'d i hen once its ,hv.. uc'is-  lics ni" ! nonn its thier le.ivos)  'i'o the bine! (lag, is a tpiti n sigf  nal of dangci i  'lhe   two distinct forms in   v.hllW  i, i  h  id- s, ���  dav nv  holes,  foot      in  ���nh    waty  so'ucwh.it  Ii'Vd     wf'h  been   eaten  at first  and aro  .no pois-  ycllovv   cone m -hi  centie, the petals  Da n i imn eal't  m'tcici.  'In    s|pm    J^    ..[j^ut  lit     11 c loivcs  <v e'  dull     in     (o'.oi,  ���ihd    gin"i oily  wlnti  thet   have  by   msn ts  'I h     I unes,   thich aie  gn    i       ( on  1 < idine  black  pois<itii,iis      'il>    'olLve is  Ollll.s     to   SO'lll    [ifOlllP  Sr> m iircr.s o thj poison hemlock,  sncicd to the i einory oi Son ales,  aie   spn m'Jy fouit'  "ha plant i. t.'l1 and smooth with  a ,1,'ossv "tem dot ted oi streaked  wilh Mown Hi pi, p.o 'i'h>> leaflets  aie cut o 'gi d and the wh.te Pirters  fonn    mule's oi   flat ina'-es at    the  II .-  ������\j  7'.'  A PICTURESQUE SCENE.  lErit.iln's   Ncir   (oloiil lis, thu   lloen, jn i  ton   I t* ir nile  t' io of the most pictui esiiue scenes  of the conclusion of the gieat wai,  is dipietnl in thc nbotc sketch lb !���  lish soldieis and Bocis sat aioun.l  bla/ing    bonfnes at   Tretoiia     ami  BRITISH AXD BOFH SI.VG TOGITHKn.  sanit "'lhe Old FoHs at Home,"  "Bonnie Boon," 'Auld Lang S.tne,"  and .jthoi songs in the hen most possible niinnei, and as earnest of  their   fiiendslnp for thc futuie  Kitchf-nrr i\m u  A Biit.sh aiirv ollicei tvntrng to  lelatiti'M inst befoie the dtilai.ition  of   peaie in South   Ifnea, said  "We who hate been close to loid  Kitchener in this tedious struggle���  ���lhat is, near to him in a physical  sr>nsc foi no cn��� qots close rnough  lo him to get in touch with his  thoiiulit���hate ohseitcd three stages  or moods in ins South Ahirrnca-  i eer  'When' he came here, in answer to  questions ns to when the war would  be ind cl, he would sat, with ,eon-  lid nte  ' A h-ii to hnve tt nipped thc  BojisJ   "A tear liitci the s-i'ie (pie'tirn  tisiblv .imi'ivul '.in, and he would  ans v ci   shot tlv  " W1 ni ill,' Poets ha n tlint  Ihrv 'v j   been vvhi| led '  ' Uut luteli nm c��> inlander whose  fne'l e��|)ic,'-cs ii tn'i'iub c we.u ine ,  his (haiged the foi in of his npi,  to tin-, continuous cpiestu n, aid  sats  " 'When   vve have found a    fca  way   to  iccoiiciIl the Bocis to  ing   whipped ' "  poison untiroce on Einrn  the plant occuis fiequcntly confound  the i n.iutiatcd One loiin is niicn'ct  ])Innt, suiead ng by loot stalks  along the giound and otei locks  and logs, tlu othei elimbs tiees  and fences, sometimes l caching  hcieht of twentv leet oi moio, - ut-  taeliinj; itself by manj' stiong loot-  like filues, which p.-oje^t fi om the  stem anil mam'-un a lnm hold on  tho   suppoiting     otlv  In both insiaii.es, hovvetor, this  Lolu among the Iloial gods is distinguished by the leaflets, which  giovv thite together, at the end oi  long leaf stalks These leaflets nie  ote.l in ih.ipc, cnlaiged tovvaid the  base, mostly j o ntid vvith edges en-  'ne,    notched oi   lohed  Tho l.oweis aie giccnish jcl'ovv  nnd occtn m elustois, spi in,ing fiom  the uiiuti.'o ol the leak stalk with  tlvstom Uhe fiuit is a white or  bio'viush globulai beny that often  remains on the leafless plant dui ing  the   wintci  months  The   plents oeiiu   along the     lal  thoie,   noith and south    and     aro  111 civ to be fdun 1 antwheie        Tho  climbing form  is  often  tiansplanted  lioin   the woods to thu garden,   and  tKji  pofox" ivv.  ends ol the sti ts, somewhat resembling parslev It is tlucfly dis.  nngiiishcd bt the fimt, each ditis-  lon of which has five ndges with  wavy margins 'ihe plant has a  sti ong   odoi  It is a good rule not to eat berries found in tho woods oi to hin-  dle the plants on which theygiotv.  Specinl attention should be given to  the chniacter of the plants found  growing around a picnic oi camping giound, as the ivy is moie thrn  likely to be piesent in one of its  two forms  KING OF BAROTSELAND.  Interentlnc  Alslior  to   Ilritii.li I��le�� tt ho  spi uktf .to Irnglisn  King Lcwanika, Paramount Chief  of Baiotse'and, a South African  kingdom about thc sue oi Geimany,  who was one of tl e cat hest arrivals  ln London amongst the coionation  guests, la a well-built, teiy tall, and  tery black u'nn ttbot t 50 jeiis of  age     lie has been King of  Uarotse-  c#23r;  Mbif  lo-  tunl   ligurc may approach a  of   a   million stciling.  quartci  The sen is never so salt  depths as ��.t the suifacc.  at giant  A   I,lb. I il   1 iln. i,  |���n,  Cnincll's piesidcnt, J G Srhu-  iiinii, speul ing on cdui.itIon, lemitly  said  "The iiidlspfii'ii'ilc i'itci la's of a  libi'iii! cdiiciition eie, In t of all, t> e  luiinniiilics, and, =ci()i dlv, the mi-  eiices oi iMtni,', nicliii1 "c- nulhci'a-  tics as the l,ev, to tt hi. li nu.st ho  ndded, philosophy, tin. (,indnii.cnMl  doctrine  of both  nature and  1 i.im  "As to lie humanities, I am unwilling to d��j."inati'c for no one (im  study uli the laiif,iiiigrs, lite .time,  lustoij and pol il ��� al s.iinic no, of-  ,feied at our unitcisitirs I put inst,  however, the Enflish language and  literatuie, nnd the history of oui  own countiy And next to these I  would put one ancient language and  one model n I belieio that Latin  and Geiman would bo a bettei combination than Latin and Greek And  I am myself so much impressed with  tho lesson of old Athenian cultiuc  that I think a libcinl education quite  oousiblo without either."  M .H.-=IIAnK  proves   a   vei liable sei pent   in   thc  Lden  Pcstn ivy is cosily distinguished  fiom other chnibcis m the woods  lhe wax-work or bittei-swect ha.s  alternate single hates, scailet fiuit  in orange coloicd pc>J�� niul tciimn-  al instead of axillaiy flov ers The  woodbine, or AmoiiL.ui ivy, has lite  leaflets at the end of the leaf stem  and   blackish bci i ics  in Octobci  The poison effects aie pioduccd by  the spores of a f. ngus that-o grows  on thc plants These getting into  the air may affect a poison who has  not come in actual contact with the  plant  People with thiu skins or in a  state of peisp.iation aie moie susceptible   thin olluis  The nio ,t successful leinedv ist ho  "fliiid ext'net of gi n lenn diluted foui  chains lo (he pint ol wntei Clothes  sitiiiatt.I wilh the solution, should  be   kcut bound on tlicNn 1-, affected  Of the six specie, ol the genus ihus  found in Ccntiiil Ontano only two  ue poiMinoes 'Ih" one is itv and  the   oihei   is the i oison sumach    or  MST, or HAI OTSI-LtND  land since 1877, and foimerly gave  a lot ol troible by his cruelty and  oppiessioii of suiioiinding tubes Of  late yens, however, ho hus teiy  much altered, and is now quite an  enthusiast on questions of government on Bi itish lines lie speaks no  English, and hnd with him a special  lntcrpietei, as well as the Ganibclla,  oi Pinne llni'Siei of Baiolsdand, a  son-in-law, and four attendants  King Lcwanika is not a Chnstlan,  but is tery kindly inclined tovvmds  Chi istians, lus ton-in-luw and many  of his ielalives having been baptized  into the Chinch of i-nr'lniid One -  renson given foi the lweu's not embracing Christiumlt is Had lie is a  polygiunist and does not lile to limit himself to one wife He is the  husband of twelve desk} Queens,  none of whom hate accompanied him  on the present occasion King Lo-  wanika stopred in Somei��etshue  with Colonel Colin Harding, lato  British Adini'ustiator in Baiotse-  land, who accompanied thc South  Afncaii potentate to England  N��vr Urn- f l   Dili il  I'i i"  A most Interesting place is tho intei ior of a   po.vdei   faetmv,     vvlieie  fine and  spe.ial   lu in,(Is ��I smokeless   powder and povvdei ustii foi spoiling1  pin poses are made '1 he smokeless  powder, which, like .ill othei gun-  povvdei, is composed oi the thice m-  giedient', L'laiconl,  saftpetci and sul-  WGOIIIIIMS  dogwood. This ilitviful plant dif-  fus fiom the iv} m biting the geneial .ippciuanie of a small tl jo, hating a tiunk ih ee to live indies in  ill mioter 'lhe leaflets aio from  seven to thn tecum 11111..U11 sinoo h,  entire and 01 nl 'Ihe s.nitll gicn  ilow'eis   foim a   panicle  The plant is not common and is  found ch'cfl]  m swamps  llu coniuion mghesiutdc is a  gaitien weixl, as well as an inhabitant of the woods und londsides It  he'ongs to the same genus as the  potato llu Hotter ofthe two plan's  strcnglj lesemblc each other lhe  n.jhtshiulo is Veadlly distlngtiishod  liy   )tj tvliite flowers, tthith hate   a  phur, reipmes a ceitiui kind of chai-  coal, which tho nianufaeti.i ers dis-  coteud nt the cost of it great deal  of cxpcii.'iirnln.g with lino ceJar, boxwood, 111 ."77710 nnd nsh cIu.kci' 1  The spetinl ehiucoal U'-etl \r tl.o  nianiifiictine of smokeless unci other  brands of line pcivvtie is n.ide s.i-  piismg though it unit sce'i.i, ofdiie.l  pens, whidi ire 'liuiiied' to ch.n-  eonl in kilns like ant olni'i teqe'iiblo  mat ci Ml ii'id fm toe t.i't )iipose.  '1 hose 1I1 ml pi.r 1 m,( a te.\ f'lio  and light (hinioal tl.it is ii |, 1e.1t  deiniind in the imiiiufivl' ie of (mo  gunpotvilei  lu, I ii .1 Llv ll", 1 *��� -  Ah early as I(>12 the I'lrach began  to advc'itisc in n papei cillul 'iho  Petilts Alh.liis and (en teais later  the Iirst bona fide attempt at punting n nevvspiipci v.ns : uu'e in London Among the tc-iy eailict mercantile adtei lisemcnts to appear in  England was o"e aihei titintc the sale  of lea It appealed 111 lhe i.tereuri-  us 1'oliticns /,  l'r, 1,1*1 vlntz did 1.nnl .11  11,11111  The old Hoinnn pharos1 at Dover >  Castle is being,looted, 111 by oiderof^  the militoiy au thon tics, in order to'1  prevent further, decay 'Inis inteiest-''  lng relic dates back to a period bo-"  fore the Christian era �� It was'used  by eaily Romans as a lighthouse.  t    -s    '      1      1  ���">   i'    1      ���  '      <  '.'   k i x.  -v's!  ,     '''- ' THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY SEPT. 20, 1803  THE INDEPENDENT,  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY IN THB INTERESTS OF THE MASSES  BV  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT     OF     FLACK     BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET. VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 16 cents; three  months, 35 cents; six months, 65 cents.  ��tie jear, {1.25.  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL, THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be ha*  at Galloway's' book store, arcade.  SATURDAY SEPT. 20, 1.0:  VOTE FOR THB BY-LAWS.  The by-laws to authorize the purchase of the property commonly known  as the "English Bay Beach;" a site for  a, gymnasium and the election of a  building thereon and of three blocks of  land in the East End and Mount  Pleasant for public recreation purposes  will lie voted on to-day. All these bylaws should receive support by the  masses, lt would be a, loss to the city  if the beach property should pass into  private ownership and ils use be denied to the public. It i.s scarcely  necessary to descant on the utility and  advantage for our young men that a  gymnasium will be, and the sum required to provide it is comparatively  small. The blocks of land for park or  recreation purposes cannot but be le-  garded as safe and prolitnble investments. It will not be very many yeais  before thcir value will be enhanced  two-fold and the opportunity to acquire  them at the price now asked will have  been lost. Indeed, as regards all the  properties which it is proposed to buy.  the city will have in them assets steadily increasing in value,, and' which.  could In the future be sold, for more  than they will have cost, especially at  the low rate of interest' which lhe city  can procure money.  political status of Canada. Is not fit  for compulsory arbitration.  Some of the pronouncements that  have so for tieen mode on the measure  may be noted as follows; The Railway Brotherhoods, comprising the  trainmen, are opposed to the bill. The  Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen lias  prepared iietltlons, with (he signatures  or the entire western membership attached.  The Winnipeg Labor Party finds  that the bill as at present dnafted is  fatally defective, in that it does not  recognise, employees' associations, and  In consequence Imperils the practice of  if  collective bargaining.  The Toronto Trades Oouncil legislative committee recommends the council to improve on the bill, and to call  meetings for its discussion.  Tlie Souvenir Labor Day programme  or Toronto contained a long article declaring that Canadian labor organizations wero In danger.  The Winnipeg Trades Council refused  to condemn the principle of the bill,  and Instructed its delegates to the  trades congress to agree ito assist the  rnllvviiy men to amend the bill where  necessary.  At a meeting of the railway men and  street railway men In Ottawa it was  leclded thait the bill could be amended  and made valuable.  There ls a passage in the Bible that  says the meek shall Inherit the earth.  It is a good tiling they will inherit it,  for they get very little of it while on it.  Last week a correspondent asked,  "Shall we shoot old workers." The old  nun on The Independent staff objects  to being shot. But he would not ofc'ect  if somebody took him out and put a  shot into him.  COMPULSORY ARBITRATION PREMATURE.  This week at Berlin the Trades and  Labor Congress of Canada discussed  the Mulock arbitration 'bill, and from  what the brief despatches say party  politics- was introduced into ithe; discussion. We are sorry for that. Tho  bill should be discussed on its merits.  So far as The Independent is concerned, It believes in the principle of compulsory arbitration, but il also holds  that until lalior has a. government of  its ovvn in power it would be suicidal  to It to have passed an act of this description. We would ask the wage-  earners of this country ir they hare  confidence enough in any of our governments to even expeat common justice in an arbitration count? . What  Judge in British Columbia could' labor  s��ilect?  An exchange points out that a large  proportion of the adverse criticism nnd  denunciation that has so far been pub-  , lished coines from' the ihead officers of  international organizations and officers  of .the American Federation of Labor.  The Federation has taken its stand as  opposed to compulsory arbitration,  confining itself to the United States.  This 'bill is Canadian, and it is the duty  of Canadian labor men to examine the  proposal as such.     New Zealand inau-  . gurated_this system, at the time when  Yip On, secretary Chinese Board of  Trade, wants the city council to stop  gambling In Chinatown. Some say that  the personcl of Yip On nnd his association Is a myth. Ot course vve won't insinuate that the boosters of the police  nvestignlion know this.  Aid. Wood was quite within his right  in insisting that he, as a member of  the light committee, should be informed when it meets. In the discussion  which ensued on Monday night it was  shown that the meeting was held at  Aid. Brown's office. Even the Mayor  said that the meeting was irregular.  UTTERS TO THE EDITOR.  "CANADIAN SOCIALIST" AND  GOVERNMENT JOBS.  To the Editor of The Indu-hndent:  Sis,���In your issue of September 13tb,  a correspondent assails the Canadian Socialist for its article last week on the  miners' union situation at Nanaimo.  As no argument is produced it is evident  that the word "socialism" acts on the  correspondent as a red rag acts on a  bull. The writer says: "A person  connected with tho Canadian Socialist  would have been a son of a government  official if intriguing and gall could have  gained the position." I am the person  referred to, and in justice to myself  would ask that the accompanying letter  sent by me to Hon. Wm. Mulock, on  Sept. 9th, be printed. The letter explains itself, nails the above inuenilo,  and gives my ideas on labor men accepting government jobs. Let me say that  it was not"intriguing and gall" that  prevented (ieorgo Wrigley from being  appointed secretary of the bureau of  labor. Under our present system men  are appointed to oflice because of work  done���or to be done���for the purty in  power. It is evident that Georgo Wrigley did not fill the bill.  G. Weston Wuiulky,  Editor Canadian Socialist.  Vancouver, 11. C, Sept. 15,1!)02.  ^^������������t'0^ ��i-a'4}).9'a"a'^4) ��� ������< +$'���"���'���$  Ladies' and Children's  Combinations.  labor controlled Its parliament. It has  been successful. Australia, is probably  the most democratic of nil British colonies. After New Zealand hod had  the law In operation for six years, Nevv  South "Wales sent a commission Into  thait country to examine Into It, and  the result was thait last year it tv-as  put on the statute books there. It will  readily  be seen,   therefore, that    the  The Canadian Socialist has changed  hands. R. P. Pettiplece, heietofore  business manager, has purchased the  Interests of the Social Progress Company, Limited (In western Canada), in  that paper. In' future its name will be  thc Western Socialist. In his announcement this week ' Editor Pettiplece says "the policy of the Western  Socialist will continue to be uncompromisingly for clear-cut class-conscious  socialism'." -Mr. Wrigley, formerly editor, will go'east 'and start the Ontario  Socialist. We wish "Parm" every success.  The Province the other day went a  long distance out of Its way when it  nointed out that the Provincial Progressive Party is now cohering with the  Martin gang. The statement ls a lie  and none knows It better than does  that paper itself. It looks as it our  esteemed contemporary will say any  old thing at any old time so long as it  will cause discontent among working-  men. Everybody who Is on to the  Province these days look upon It as a  huge josh with its gold-brick yarns  whenever it ls shy of something to fill  its front sage.  How frequently tve hear some one  exclaim: "It's a habit I have, and It's  very hard to break lt off." Wouldn't it  be a very nice thing for labor to contract a habit of giving its loyal- support to ils leaders Instead of cowardly  dcserting-and~villlfylng-ihem-upon-the  least pretence or rumor. Instead  of trying to crush them, lend them a  helping hand. The treatment of President Ralph Smith is a sorry spectacle  rrom one end of Canada to the other.  Do unto others as you vvouid have  otheis do unto you, should be labor's  motto. At the same time It should aid  to change the motto of the capitalist���  "We do others so they can't do us."  Vancouver, B. c, Sept. si, 1902.  lion. Wm. Mulock, Department ol Lnbor, Ottawa :  Peak Sis,���Whon the bureau ol lnbor  was  being eHtabltslied you received a letter from  lnj^fHthor, George Wrigley, Toronto, regarding  the ui,e oi his mime in the daily noivspapers SB  a possiblo appointee to tliu position of secretary ot the labor bureau.   The writer stated  that he was not an applicant (ur the position,  but if appointed would Iill thc position to thc  bestot his ability.   While you were lu Australia last year I wrote Deputy Minister McKenzle  Kins (or a copy of the letter, but he stated tlmt  ho would be unable to send iuo a copy until  your return.   I now desire to again requvbl  that a copy be supplied nie, and trust that it  wil 1 be done at ouce.   .My reason for desiri lif a  copy is that Kalph Smith, M. I'., and other  liberal-labor  partiznns have stated that 11 I  have not a government job it is because I  cnuld not get one," and threats were mnde,)o  producing a letter to prove it���these gentlemen  having evidently hud access tu the papers of  your department.   The statement is absolutely  fal-o, both as regurds father and myself.   In  18% father's paper, lhe Farmer's Sun, unhid  considerably in your election on aceuunt of  your work In behalf of the farmers of Ontario.  No one knows better than yourself that neither  father or myself have ever endeavored to use  aiiy influence we might have had at any timo  tu secure government iiositluns.   I lmve no objection  to lubor men accepting government  jobs, providing they do not barter any supposed Inlluence they may have ovcr the labor  vote to secure such a position, and providing  also that they do not continue to bold their  Jobs because of thc work they do in  their  unions, tiades councils, or labor'congresses;in  trying to swing thc labor voto in support of  tbe candidates of the government. The actions  of too many labor men who hold govcrunicii t  jobs lead people to believe thut they secured  and  hold their positions for value reeeivctl.  The system of distributing " patronage"   Is  wrong, ability beiug out-classed by political  "pull."   Awaiting au early   reply, I   remain  yours (or socialism  and democratic government, "' G. Wkhtok WltlUMtY.  Special line of ladles' and children's winter weight Combinations  buttoned yoke, assorted sizes.  Regular $1.50, now   75c  Regular $2.50, now ..  ..$_..__;���  Ribbons.  Pine Silk Taffeta Ribbons, 5-inch  wide, all colors.  SPECIAL ....   .... ..SOc  FUncy    Striped    and    Brocaded  Ribbons, 4 Inches wide.  SPECIAL  ;tOt��  Handkerchiefs.  Ladles'    Pure   Linen   Hhndkcr-  kcrchlcfs, extra good value.  PRICE 15c  Ladles'   Embroidered   Handkerchiefs, pretty patterns.  PRICE  a;^  Children's   White   and   Colored 9  Handkerchiefs,  very   suitable for  school use.  .PRICE  DRYSDALE'S  170   Cordova    St.,   Vancouver.  We reach wherever the mails  reach.  ��� ��� " ��������� > ����������� u . 4)t): . 4f4)'t �� 4>4>  Are You Going Shooting on the Bst  You will find a full  line of everything  necessary at ��  CHAS. L TISDALL, 527 Hastings St.  ^������^���^���������������������������.^���^ ����������������������������#������������������  Have you seen It at Trorey' s?  Such odd shades of color, such quaint shaves in glnns, unquestionably fashioned by skilled fingers working under thc promptings nnd the  guidance of artistic tempcrnmc ntB.  By an electric proces a deposit of Sterling Sliver is left In most  beautiful designs upon the glass. Tho silver Ib highly burnished and  etched In various patterns.  Sec lt at Trorey  the jewel era.  The Jeweler and  Diamond  Merchant     *  iCOR. GRANVILLE AND HASTINGS STREETS. 9  Official Watch Inspector of the C. P. R. ?  ;��<������������������0*������V^�� ���������� ��<����� ��������������������������<��  TIIE SINGLE TAX.  To the Editor 01 Tins Inmspsndknt.  Sir,���Iii an article in The Independent of the 6th inst., by Mr. Davidson,  It appears to me that the writer went  somevvliat out of .his1 way to speak of  the rarity -of single 'tax agitation nowadays,  and    also .to    declare    Henry  George's defence of interest an error  which he could never be persuaded to  acknowledge.     In ithe first place, the  single tax Is by no means as obscure  an issue as ithe writer pretends to believe.     Oit is true ".that you do not find  the   single    taxcr   shouting    himself  hoarse on every street corner and posting red stickers all over tlhe freight  trains.     Their papers do not publish  whole columns of murders and Police-  Gazette news, winding up each paragraph vvith "the single tax would cure  all  this."     The "class conscious" socialists are hard at that sort of thilnig,  and are attracting attention as docs a  noisy-waterfall,���wlhile- the -single -tax-  movement might be compared to a deep  swift   river,   moving  with  a,  purpose.  Witness the Kamloops convention    In  this connection.     Tlie socialists came  like a shower of tin cups.     They distributed copies of the Seaittle Socialist  through the convention before the ]��ro-  ceedlngs Rtarted.     In ilt was thin, advice:      "Don't,  bo content  with  halfway measures."      "Take ithe bull by  the horns." "Get everything you want  or nothing."     And so they went at lt  ���clamorous and wordy   tliey   tried to  curry out what they vvere told to do.  But the Canadian bull vvas 'very stiff  In the neck-, and when he felt tlie grip  on his horns���Well! they luul lo let go  und wot���nothing.     And itltey are hIIII  nolwlly In pursuit of the same quantity.  Their latest achievement being in turning down Ralph Smith, who is a man  of .sense and   reason,  and    as good  a  friend of ithe  workingman as he has  ever had In this province or any oilier.  What did 'the single 'taxers do?    A few  quiet and reasonable men appealed to  tlie justice of  their cause,  and   with  tact and  patience and industry used  every honorable rnieans to make it a  prominent plamk ln the plaltform, with  the result that no one can deny but  that It ls .the main issue in the Provincial Progressive Party to-day. '    And,  indeed,   this   is   what constitutes  the  great strength and hope of tlie new  party���for .Its adoption, is a safe and  reasonable  process,  and    involves  no  dangerous   or   revolutionary    experiments, tout, on the contrary, has Justified  the most   sanguine   predictions  made concerning It, to the extent thait  it has been tried In New Zealand and  elsewhere.    I have never heard it disputed that Henry Geonge was an honest man, and I am sore that he firmly believed in  the justice of interest  as do thousands of lids followers and  many more who oppose the single tax  theory.     How then could he ever declare his defense of interest in Progress and Poverty an error?     Again,  Mr. Davidson does George am injustice  when he states that he.(George)  did'  not malke ithe slightest allusion to thc  Hebrew law-givers' .anti-usury   enactments in his celebrated   lectures   on  Moses.     Head  the following extract,  and you will find that George dhl refer  to it in a general way In speaking of  the weak being safe-iguarded from the  strong'and unscrupulous:     "It ia not  the protection of property ibut the protection of humanity that is the aim of  tile Mosaic code.    Its sanctions are not  directed to securing the strong in heaping np wealth so much'as to preventing the weak from being crowded to  the wall.    At every point It interposes  its barriers to the selfish greed tlint, if.  left unchecked, will surely differentiate  men Into landlord and serf.     Capitalist   and   workman,     millionaire   and  tramp, ruler and ruled.     The Sabbath  day and Sabbath year secure, even to  tlie lowliest, rest and leisure.       With  the blast of the Jubilee trumpets, thc  slave goes free, 'the debt that cannot be  paid is cancelled, and a redistribution  of the land secures again to the poorest his ifalr shaire in tlie bounty of the  Creator.       The    reapers     must leave  something for the gleaner; even the ox  cannot be misled as he treadeth out the  corn.     Everywhere In everything the  dominant idea ls tliat of our homely  phrase, 'Live and Jet live.' "    Nowhere  in   tlie  Mosaic  law  does  it  say   that  usury is wrong of itself. Only u.t times  it was used as an Instrument "of oppression, and then dt was condemned.  The Jews were allowed to collect usury  from   foreigners, and also from   their  brethren,   excepting  when   tliey  were  poor, and In the latter case when thc  debt could not ibe paid 'back by the  <���      .  '     ' '     ���  <>  H  o Easily*..  Lengthened  ABSOLUTE  COMPREHENSIVE  FAITHFUL  GENUINE  INEXPENSIVE  PROFITABLE  RELIABLE   ���  SAFE.  SURE  TRUBllWOBITH'Y  OT what other Investment than Life Insurance can all these ad-  lectbvee be as trutblfuIUy descriptive!' Any oue or two place a security ln a high claw; all combined malke lt noteworthy. Many  more might Justly ibe apptlsd to Life Insurance���THE Investment of  the age. 1  UNION MUTUAL POLICIES are every whit Jn line ln progres-  slveness, values anct privileges���contracts that not only aim to  protect Ibut lenity do in tie minutest particulars. All facts cheerfully furnished free.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager,  ?  We havo long been reoognricd ns the lending Boys' Clothing Houoe ln Briflnh  Columbia. We have made this branch of our business a specialty for thc past 13.  years, devoting an much space to this de partment as most stores glvo to mea'tf  and boys' clothing. '  We have Just opened a large consign ment of the very latest novelties ln T��jia'  fancy and plain Reefers and Overcoats, Brownie and Russian .Blouse Suits Sailor* <  and Jack Tar Suits, Norfolk and two and three-piece suits.    In   odd   pants,   w��  never had a 'better selection. *  <    We are sole agents for the celebrated LION BRAND doable-knee and scale*  knickers. ... . I ���  We need say nothing about the quali ty; we keep only the best, as a.trial or-_  der will convince you.-        .    >ni,: i,-.,1 ,  ���      ���- > / -    '���    '  Mail orders will receive prompt atten tlon. |  CLUBB   ����   STEWART,  Telephone 702. 1 (50 Cordova Street.  ture use or Investment of It, aaid in  the meantime some one who oees, the  opportunity to profit 'by tlie loan of It  wishes to do so| is lit wrong to sak him.  all he is willing: to pay? Certainly not.  It takes two to make a (bargain, and if  the borrower,Is not willing to pay the  current rate of interest, no injustice  haa.been done Mm;, he Is^free^tp.rKo  and earn it for. himself, that Is, if Uie  opportunities oif nature or land Is open  to hiin; K not, 'he may possibly starve.  ���SINGLE TAXER.  Kamloops, B. C, Sept. IB, 1902.  THERE IS  of Fire' or Injorv  ,T 'i  nil   .    .- '  Health when you usp  the  VOTE TO-DAY .  Fon the by-laws. See to it thiU the  city.owns the'breathing.spaces In.the  east end, Mount Pleasant and the English Bay water front. Provide a gymnasium for the younger citizens. You  owe it to your family to do. so.  When you want to hire a first-class  horse' and buggy, go , to the Palace  livery stable*. Telephone 1SS.-1  seventh iyear it was released altogeth  er. So that the Israelites wore under  a code of laws that bound them to  carry out tlie golden rule, even to the  extent of giving money, food, and  clothing to ithe poor outright. On the  other hand, the 'laws relating to the  land were absolute and unconditional.  "Tlie land shall not be sold for ever;  for the land I.s mine, for ye are strangers and sojourners with nie," was the  command of .the Almighty. Doubtless  It was because he recognized tbe fact  tlint, If this law was obeyed to the let-  tor, the question of usury would largely  adjust Itself, that Henry George siwke  mainly of the Iiuid laws inaugiirnited  liy Moses in his celebrated'lecture. Mr.  George's defense of Interest ln Progress  and Poverty ils a logical one, and to  the man who irespects tho rights ot his  fellowm-mi, It does not need any Illustration to convince him of 'the Justice  ot interest. If a man by Industry and  economy acquires $100, lt should be his  against Uie world; If he invests it In  a horse and cart, wlio would say that  It waa not rlglut to asik hire for it at  the current wages for a house and  cart? And if he chose to 'keep the  money in Uie bank, awaiting some fu-  yymA&mMz-:  soo  VMmJi  IB  B^  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICL  imperial Limited  96 Hours to 'Montreal���Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.  Transcontinental     Passenger   Train  leaves dally at 14 o'clock.  Seattle and Whatcom Express leaves  dally at 9.05 o'clock.  EMPRESS OP INDIA JULY 28  TARTAR  AUGUST 4  MMFRiESS OF JAiPlAN .; AUGUST 18  SAILINGS   POR   HONOLULU   AND  AUSTRALIA.  MOANA JULY 25  MIOWBRA AUGUST 22  And every four weeks thereafter.  For full particulars as to time, rates,  etc., apply to  & J. COYLH,    |       , JAS. SCLATBR,  .   A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vanoouver, B, C.   428 Hastings St.  Vancouver, B.C.  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used,' always '  used- Apply at Office of  umm  LTD.  '.  Gar. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.' ���  ��� M  Pacific Boil l.i hj .   <i  .Works,- |!  Importers and koiiicr*     \\  ��� GOKE AVE.   "PHONI- 7K>.  '���'���    SOLE AGKNT8.     ���' SATURDAY SEtT. 20, 1902  THE INDEPENDENT.  il. A.  URQUHART,  Hardware,  Stoves,   Ranges,  Etc,  33  Hastings Street East.  �������  ���������  oofs and Shoes  GO TO  D  PADMDPMIL  There are a whole lot of^people who  ���would rather run their heads against  .a stone wall than go around it.  A   magazine    writer    goes to greait  ' length to show that ithe woman has  ��- distanced' man,  and has: become  the  most Influential In the world's affairs.  ��� This is a discovery first mode by Adajn  and recognised more and more clear-  . ly    by every   successive   generation.  Woman always was and always will be  v the dominatinsfinfluence In the affairs  . ���;. of the world, civilized and savage.  A' faddist is a man who cannot at-  - tract attention toy doing things more  ,r excellently than others In the old wny.  If the same rules of responsibility for  . speech that maintains: among men  . maintained among women, the women  would exchange fewer polite insults.  Any newspaper that is approved by  both the women and men of Its town  . is certain to be a means for moral  . good.     If It ls only approved' by the  "men, It is sometimes a doubtful force.  The mistake most lawyers make is  In presentinawiU of an authority. ^One-  '. half of an opinion te suffliSI^n'LrtdiEup-  _ port  thelrVcaae,  wtiille' ithe" other half  ��� >vlll 'limxjic'it sky-high.'".   Theologians  ., have the same trouble.  ">i  A chimney  may, be belchlns    black  smoke at one end and be a, cheerful  :' ftreelde, at ithe other,, but that ls not  ,'yaoiy." niore. 'evidence  that  the;.outslde  .end would be more acceptable ln the  ��� house 'than It is evidence that a man  ���   '       �� '    -J ��� t  .   '.-.I ���  ..ought to Indulge his mean temper be-  ..cause'fhe is good-hearted.";._"_ ;  Fuss and Feathers.  I sat behind two women in a street  '. car the 'other day when a funeral profession, made up of meirobers of some  - > secret society,. in.' full regalia, passed  %up the street.    The sight of the plumed  hats displeased one of the women in  : front of me. ,  "Did you ever see anything sillier than  that?" 'she sniffed.  "Look at those men���dressed up In all  ,' those gewgaws just to let people know  they've got a secreit.     Where would  you' find' women   willing- to   parade  around  the streets    togged   out like  -.-stage  soldiers?  women doing lt? Imagine the Women's  Clf.'j riding around In cocked hats, or  ���the   Women's'- \ Christian   Temperance  .' union with gold-laced aprons? Women  ^.have more .sense.     They wouldn't de-  'llbertutely make  themselves  ridiculous  - that way.     Look at those sashes, and  '.look. at 'those awful  hats,  and those  mangey plumes!      My .husband's got  them ull.     He paid $75 for thc outfit.  Be paid $15 for a stingy ostrich plume  ���.Ifor his huit, and then"���here the true  Inwardness of her contempt for secret  society Tegalfas came out���"after paying all that for'a .plume Jie doesn't  wear It once in six months, and he aJ-  most dropped dead because I .paid $5  for a feather I've worn every day for  a year. A man's Just a natural barn  ���well, I won't say It." But you could  see that sDie 'thought it Juat the some.  The Scribbler.  Everybody one meets seems burning  with'anxiety to hear the latest news of  the hour. This 11 can understand, and  I must confess that I share the general  craving after fresh intelligence. But  that is no reason 'why any man who  happens to scribble for a newspaper  should be buttonholed by the man ln  the street andi asked repeatedly' for  new Information. A Journalist is not  necessarily a walking encyclopedia-  even allowing for a budget ot misprints. He knows Juslt as much about  how the great coal strike will 'be settled, how and by whom the North Pole  will be discovered^ as the general publio; for It ls certain In these days of  rush and. push of the daily newspapers tlijit^as soon as any grcta'itfj.evGijt'  happens  and'  they  are, In  receipt of  !*'. ,.,|iil   Ui  '     l ��� :,  that news, there will be precious little  delay In ^transmitting it through the  customary medium to the people outside. Thc average man in the street  has, Indeed, a. most exaggerated! Idea  of what a. journalist Is, and regards  hlm��ns an authorlty-on every subject  on the face of the globe. "He Is'expected to be able to say, off-hand,  what opinion the editor of the Sandon  Paystreak holds in regard to court officials, etc., how many ��� friends Joo  Martin has tn' British Columbia, how  'manj!" battled'Julius Caesar wns engaged1 in'," or how many pair-of eleeito  buttons have been mnde and'soldiiout  of the brass nnd copper procured from  the old steamer Beaver. He may even  be challenged to name the author of  the letters of Junius, if Harry Sibble  will ever be iknlghted, .or to solve the  mystery of the Man In the Iron Mask.  Nay,  these are but child's play "when  compared with some of.the problems  i  a man who writes for a newspaper Is  asked to solve, and if he can't manage  them���why,  there ls a'sarcastic smile  able and all-inclusive virtue; but tbe  consciousness of human weakness, and  proneness to error, ought, one would  imagine, . to rouse the sympathy and  good nature of humanity everywhere.  But,  If it be true,  as  somebody has  prettily said, that "It is human to err  and   divine   to   forgive,"    there must  then,  Indeed,  be a good deal of the  human, and precious little of 'the divine, in the world.     Judge mercifully  ���If you needs must Judge���be slow to  condemn, and both for your own sake  and for the sake of poor,  weak humanity, do make some Uttle allowances  if men do not always act discreetly  and  with wisdom.     Wcrkingmen can  and do endure a great deal.     Token  as a whole, they are not.a dissatisfied,  complaining set of men, or surely colossal fortunes would! never have been  amassed from the sweat of their brows  and the labor of ithelr 'hands; contentedly  and cheerfully  they take  their  places In the workshops ln tlie early  morning, toll through the livelong day  with sliort Intervals   for   well-earned  meals, and throw down their tools only  when the shadows of evening begin to  creep over the .world.     For them lt Is  one long round of labor���one unending  cycle  of hard;   physical  toil.      lit  is  easy   enough   for   a pleasure-loving,  pleasure-seeking crowd, who know, nothing   of    this from   stem practical  experience, to talk loudly and f lippajit-  ly about such things- as the happiness  of having no responsibility, the dignity of labor, and the enviable lot of  the working classes; hut twelve hours,  ten hours, nay, even a Sliort six hours,  passed In real, solid, hard work, would  considerably   modify   the opinions -of  those who are so satisfied 'and' delighted with the comforts and bliss of thc  dignified,   irresponsible  and   enviable  tollers'   of    the    earth.   "Experientla  docat," says the old Latin proverb, and  it speaketli the truth, truly.  REX.  P. 0. BOX 29t. 'PHONK 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Wholesale Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brand* i  MONOGRAM, MAKGUEBITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, 8ARANTIZAD08, SCHILLER,  Union Directory.  Comer Alexander Btreet and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. 0.  mi   iii iiiiiiiiuiiiiyiiiiii  THB VANCOUVER TRADES AW��  Labor Oouncil meets first and third  Thursday ln each month, at 7dt) p. ��-  President, W. J. Lamrick; vice-president,  F. 3. Russell; secretary, T. H. Cross; financial secretary, J. T. Lllley; treasurer,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms, C J. ���  Salter; statistician, J. H. Browne.  1862  1902  Provincial Exhibition  Under the Ansvlses of  Tbo Royal Agricultural an<Mi)diistii;ii Society of 6. C.  >  ., B. C.  Will be Held at  -ON-  Sept. 30, Oct. I, 2 and 3 inclusive.  ���Open to the World-  $20,000���IN PRIZES AND ATTRACTIONS���$20,000  ATTRACTIONS  Corner Stono Carnegie Library will be  Inid  with  appropriate ceremonies  by the M. W. Grand Lodge, A. F. and A. M. of British Columbia.  LACROSSE   MATCH  SHAMROCKS OF MONTREAL, WESTMINSTER LACROSSE TEAM,  (Champions of British Columbia)  GRAND  SHIRT      WAIST      AND      LAIUNDIW  WORKERS UNION. No. 10&-Mee��*-  every 2nd and 4th Thursday In each  month in Union Hall. President, Cf. W.  Rowlands; corresponding secretary, H.  Alltree. 1027 Richards Street; financial  secretnry, Miss M. Whitman; treasurer.  Miss Jeolouse; delegates to Trades an*  Labor Council, G. W. Rowlands, J. Har-  Kle, W. MoDermott and I. J. Colthort.  BUILDERS'" LABORERS FEDERAL  Union, No. 32, Vancouver���Meets overy  Thursday evening at 8 o'clock. In room  No. 1, Union Hall. President, Fred. Collins: secretary, H. Sellers, Western  Hotel: delegates to Building Trades  Council, H. Sellers, G. Payne and John.  Sully.  JOURNEYMEN BAJU3ERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION, No. 120-Presldent,  Fred Hawe; vice-president, J. A. Dibdea;  cunebpondlng-flnanclnl secretary, J. A.  Stewart, 51 Cordova St.; recorder, E. H.  Goodmurphy; treasurer, G., Bower;  guide. A. H. Legtitt; guardian. G. Bowers; delegates to T. & L. Council, J. A,  Dlbden and Fred Hawe. Meets first an*  third Wednesdays of each .month 1��  "Union Hall.  WAITERS AND WAITRESSES UNION.  Local No. 28. President, Charles Over;  vice-president, A. N. Herrington: secretary-treasurer, J. H. Perkins. Meeting  every Friday evening at 8.30 o'clock in'  Union Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmulr  streets.  VANCOUVER   TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 22G, meets the fourth Monday  in each month at Union Hall.   President..,  C.   S.  Campbell;    vice-president.  H.  W.  King; secretary, S. J. Gothard; P. O. bos ���  66:   treasurer,   Geo.   Wilby;   sergeant-at--  arms, A.  F.  Arnold; executive committee,  F. W.  Fowler,  G.  E.   Plerrott, W.  Brand, Robt. Todd: delegates to Trade*'  and Labor Council, W. Brand, S. J. Gothard, F, W. Fowler.  (Champions of the World)  a"d n series of remarks ot by no means  Who ever heard of |.a flattering "character. But then, everybody, expects a man on a newspaper  to be au fait in matters of.passing interest. Why ever "don't folks possess  their souls ln patience until the next  edition of The Independent comes'out.  A writer's views Is his sitook-in-trude.  It Is 'purchased from him by- the journal" to which he is attached, andi he  has really no more right to give il  away 'than has the grocer's clerk to  distribute gratis his employer's sugar  and   bacon  and1 tea..     Buy The Inde-  |    THIS BRAND    *  r-9  9  '&  9  -9  9  .,.��  O  9  9  '���-9  9  ���'���9  9  ��  9  9  e  ~��  o  9  9  ��  ' -��'���������������������������������������������������������  A SAFE PROPOSITION  Is to use Rainer ibeer. It won't be the  last order we get from you. When  you get a good' opportunity to become  acquainted with! Rainier beer you will  never care to be without It again. 'It  will1'be nsstaple in your house "as  flour "o'r'sugar. It will be good1'for  you arid'good for your family. It is  a mild, light, pale beer of exquisite  flavor. There is'new vigor and strength  in every Ciop, pnd not a bit of harm  in a torrel. Pure, sparkling", spring  water; the best malt and finest hops,  tlie most modern, careful, clea!nly  brewing methods���that Is the whole  Rainier story. It Is tlie besit nnd  healthiest drink for you, your family  and your friends, that .money can buy.  It keeps in perfeot condition a, long  time, and climate or'weather changes  do not affect" If. You can get lt from  your jobber"or direct from us.���Pacific  Battling Works,' Vancouver, B. C. Telephone 783.  BAND,  TOURNAMENT,  MAGNIFICENT    ILLUMINATIONS,  CONCERTS, SCOTTISH SPORTS.  Monster Excursions from all Points at greatly reduced rates.  pendent, and'gat the news.' But don't  ask a scribbler to tell it to you. Life  is too short, at best.  Is a guarantee of good workman- ���  ship. Our Overalls will outwear ��  any others, and will'keep thalr ��  shape to the last. ^  Ask your dealer for them. 0  e  9  9  -THE-  (LIMITED.)    ,  The Pioneer Union Overall' Factory of the West.'   ������  s'  li /'  BLOCK, WINNIPEG, MAN.  A Strike.  When reading of "the strike of the  coal miners In Pennsylvania, docs thc  real force and significance of tlie affair In nil Its horror appenl to you?  Did you'ever pause to think what a  strike really means? Starving wives,  hungry children, broken-tip homos, nnd  the like���<in endless catalogue of anguish, sin, shame anil suffering. Dismiss It at once and for ever from your  mind, if ever such thought.took refuge  tliere; thnt It ls a vain nnd1 empty  show. A sti Ike is one ofahe stoniest  tenlities that men und women have lo  face; a hiiml-to-hand combat with  wealth and powei���n ibltter, uncompromising fight ivlt!h poverty and hunger���a struggle in which far itoo often  the morally strongest have to go to the  wall because in other respects they aie  the neatest. Mind, I do not say that  the "men" are always in the ilglkt  Such oji assertion would be wild and  untenable. No one la infallible and  no class of men can, with wny degree  of sincerity, lay claim to such a deslr-  FREIGHT AND BAGGAGE HANDLERS.  Mr. D. Stamper, of Moosejaw, As-  slnboia, well known throughout the  west in connection with the Bridge-  men's and Trnckimen's union, and as  district onganizer for the A. F. of L.,  ls now organizing1 in ithe interests of  the Brotherhood . of Railway Prefeht  and Baggage Handlers of America,  headquarters, Lancaster, Pa., of which  organization he.was elected vice-president at tlielr recent.convention. The  organization Mr. Stamper represents is  the,youngest of the railway brotherhoods, and fills a. long-felt want. It  ls an International organization to  unite freight and 'baiggage handlers on  all ralllroads in the Unltedi States, Canada and Mexico. All men, Including  clerks and foremen, connected with the  freight department and baggage handling are eligible.  ~~~riicrease~ln���\vages~has~been~ gained  on the New Yolk Central, Pennsylvania, Erie, Lackawanna. Delaware &  Hudson, Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburg, Lake Shore and. Michigan Southern, Nickel Plate, Grand Trunk, and  Baltimore & Ohio this year for thc  members of ithe organization, without  loss of work.  The brotherhood Is opposed to strikes  and believes In thorough onganlz.-i.tlon  on business lines and obtaining belter  conditions and Increase Jn wages al  the least possible cost to ILs members.  ���Coin.  Executive���T. J. Trapp (President), Aid. Sinclair, Aid. Ryall, Aid. Hart,  G. D. Brymner, XV. 3. Mathers, R. F. Anderson, W. IX. Gilley, Li A. Lewis,  R. Jardlne. Geo.,Adams.  ���GOD   SAVE   THE   KING.  For Prize Lists, Entry Forms and full particulars write to       '  T. J. TRAPP, President. -'      ���    W. 1J. KEARY, Manager and Secretary.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday oC  each month in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings StreeS'.  at S p. m. President, Robt. Brunt; vice-  president, Chas. Bennett: secretary, A.  G. Perry, 33 7th Avenue; treasurer, F. C.  O'Brien; conductor, Ed. Manning; warden, A. J. Wilson1; sentinel, J. Howes;  delegutes to Trades, and Labor Council:  C. Bennett, Robt. Brunt, Geo. Lenfesty,  A. J. Wilson and J. Howes.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every'  second and fourth Wednesday in Unlov  hall, room No. 2. President, A. E. Coffin;  vice-president, Joseph Dixon; recording  secretary, Geo. Dobbin; financial secre--  tary, J. M. Sinclair; treasurer, J. Ferguson; conductor, G. Fingley; warden, G.  H. Blair; delegates to the Trades ana-  Labor council, R. Macpherson, J. M.  Sinclair, Geo. Dobbin, Jos. Dixon. Geo.  Adams: delegates to the Building Trades  Council, M. McMullen, Levi C. DeWolfft.  has a most beautiful and rich ore tM&y  ait ithe shaft bottom.,.',.,'..  The Cornell ia.irdbwn 360 feat, and  sinking will continue to the 460-foot  level. 0  The sampling of the Chicago chemists and assayers has proved the deposits of fine gold on Texada Island to  be of a remarkable turea and hlgHily remunerative as teaching' chlorinating or  cyanide propositions showing from half  aii ounce ito five ounces of fine gold to  the 'ton. - Thesei..men took dirt from  our roadways and1 extracted highly remunerative values thevefrom, and left  with undoubted .confidence ln thei&Is-  land's productive ability under pract|-,  cal management.  The introduction ot six days a, week  has proved a boon ta the workmen.  They are not so migratory low.  Texada Miners' union, No. 113. W. F.  of M��� has elected officers for the ensuing six months, as follows: President, John I>. Fraser; vice-president,  J. W. Austin; secretary^ Alfred Roper;  treasurer, A. G. Drelghton; conductor,  Wm. A.'McKay; warden, Henry Pat  terson.  'The recent appointment iof i Oliver  Wendell Holmes, a son of the celebrity  of that name, to the supreme courUof  the United States, is a characteristic  action of President Roosevelt that is  warmly commended. There Is not room  for two opinions about the question  of recent perversions of the law attacking labor organizations, by thc supreme court. Judge Holmes should be  a corrective to this. In a recent decision he said: "It must be true that  when combined they (workingmen)  have the same liberty that combined  capital has to support thcir, ^nte^estjs  liy argument, persuasion, and^the bestowal or refusal ,or those, advantages  wlilch they otherwise lawfully control,  so long' as 'they do no violence, or  threaten no violence."  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  Not a Farce. ,  When the conservatives attain power  under the leadership ot Charles Wilson  K. C, their first care will be to remove  the yoke of the'telephone monopoly  from our necks. And yet " we have  heard the remark made that the convention was a farce.���Victoria Times.  Sympathy Expressed.  VOTE TO-DAY  For the by-laws. Sop to it thnt the  city owns the breathing spaces In thc  east end, .Mount PleasHnt and thc English Hay wnter fiont. Provide a gymnasium foi the yoniigei citizens. You  one lt to join   family to do so.  FROM VAN ANDA  The new bell was hung In the chureh  here last week, and its silvery tones  called for the frst itlme the faithful to  prayers on Sunday last.  The Martilc Bay mJne still continues  to keep up Its output.   The new level  Tho Colonist says the present provincial government will have Its sympathy ns long as It remains in power.  The people of British Colunibla will  have ours. They need it.���Victoria  Times.  In  "Free" America.  WANTED���By girl, place ln private family: no washing: no ironing: will wink  Jl per week; must hnvo work at once,  or will starve. Address Vi, box 22,  Times office.  ���Los Angeles Times (rut). Sept. 0.  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, .No. 151���  Meets the first and third Monday in eaeli  month at 8 p. m., in Union hall. Homer  street. President, Rolbert Gray; financial  secretary, George Nesbltt, 1307 Homer  street; recording secretary, D. Robinson,  box 37, Vancouver, B. C; 'delegates to-  the Trades and Labor council, William;  Latham, D. Robinson, R. Edwards.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113. W-  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  m. In Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, JT.  W. Austin; secretary, Alfred Rapcr;  treasurer. A. G. Deighton: conductor,.  Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Patterson. ^   INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OB"'  Electrical Workers, Vancouver Local.  No. 213���Meets second and fourth Tuesday  in each month in Union hall, room No. *.  President, Geo. Cowling; vice-president.  R. P. Irwin; recording secretary, A. IX  Hotson, 636 Richards street; financial  secretary, John Dubberley. .  CIGARMAKERS* UNION NO. ,3CT���  Meets the first Tuesdaj In each montte  In Unlpn Hall. President, C. L. Kubn;  vice-president, C. Parsons: secretary, 3.  C. Penser, c\o Mainland Cigar Factory;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson: sergeant-at-  arms, r J. Schuylmeyer; ' delegates ' tm  Trades and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. 1^  Kuhn and John_Mlllan.   TH'E RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hall, the first an*  third Tuesdays of each month. D. McLean, president; W. J. Lamrlo&C'  tary. 248 Princess Btreet    .    ���   ��� -  VOTE TO-DAY  For the by-laws.   See to It'that "the  city owns the breathing spaces in the  east end, Mount Pleasant nnd the Eng  lish Bay water front.   Provide a gym  nasium for the younger citizens.   You  owe it to your family to'do so.  AN IRISHMAN'S PRIDE.  Mr. T. Parsons, bookbinder for tlie  "News-Ad'ventiser," brought in from  his raucih on tbe North Arm ten potatoes weighing 10 3-4 pounds. He obtained the seed1 from the government  farm-af" Aigassiz. So-Ashcroft iind  Chilliwack are not the only places in  British Columbia where potatoes are  grown.  The annual report ot the library of  the legislative n-iscmhly of British Columbia for lPOO-lilOl has just been Issued by Librarian Scholeflcld. It show's  that a lange amount of wonk has been  accomplished, and iglves details as to  the woikings of the library. The report does credit to Its author.  The only entirely reliable "friend of  labor" Is labor Itself.  Even the beasts of thc Meld know the  valuo of sticking together.  Organised l.ibor has no need to distinguish ckailj between its friends  and its mere favorites-  As we see In the rainbow the harbinger of fine weather, so labor may  see the glories of its future through its  tears.  I hi vara  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS ANI>  DECORATORS. Local Union No 1"*.  Meets 2nd & Ith Thursday in Labor HaH.  President, W. Pavler; vice-preoioent, W.  Halliday; recording secretary, E. Crush.  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Gothard, 822 Howe street:  urer, H.' MeSorley.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  Machinists���Beaver .Lodge, No VS.���  Meets second and fourth Monday Im  each month In Union hall. President, J.  Arnell; vice-president, J R. Edwards:  recording secrctary���A. J. Thlrtle. address..  Vancouver P. O.: financial secretary, EL  J. Ltttller, 673 Hastings street, e*at;  treasurer, E. Timmlns; conductor, b. B.  Bosslsstow: guard,' F. Coughlin   VANCOUVER FISHER MEN'S  Union, No. 2���Meets In Union hall.  Homer street, every Saturday, at S p. m.  Steve Dames, president; Chas. Durham.  secretary pro tem.   JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union or  America, Local No 46, Vancouver, B.C.  President, T. Baxter; vlcc-ipresident, J.  'Ingles, recording secrctarj. F. W. Bar-  tic: financial secretary, M. MacLean, 2160  -Westminster��� Avenue,���Mount���PlcusanU���  corresponding secretary, J, Webster, 2844  Westminster Aveue, Mount Pleasant;  treasurer, J. Wilkinson.  From Their nun&lmo, bouthflcld and  Protectiou Island lollierlot,  ��feam9 Gas  and  Blouse Coal  OI tbe Following tirades:  Doubto Bcreoned l^noip.  Run of the Mine,  Waatied Nut nnd  Screening*  BAMDEL U. HOBIKS, Superintendent.  EVANS, COLEMAN t, KVANB, Agints  Vancouver City, B.C.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNIONS  OF AMERICA, No 178���Meets lst and  3id Mondays in room 3, Union Hall.  President, C Whalon; vice-president,  F. Logg; recording secretary, F. Williams, 1814 7th Ave. W.; financial secretary, T. Wood; treasurer, W. W.  Toombs; sergeant-at-arms, T. Matthews.  MAKBS A PPBCIALTV OP . .  o    Bemrs special Liqueur, oiso.  o    M Block lobeuiqiie  -LARGE STOCK OF-  IMFOP.TKD AN'D DO.MK8TIC      -  i  . Ciqars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Prons.  Corner Coupova and C'abkau..  HOTEL NORTH VANCOUVER.  A delightful summer resort; strictly  first-class and up-to-date ln every respect.  Terms, $2 per day, $10 per week: special  rates for families. Saddle ponies, .horses  and rigs always on hand for visiting tha  Capllano, well known for Its excellent  fishing and shooting. Boats fdr hire any  time.  Band every Sunday afternoon.  P. LARSON, Prop. '.-. in.-  ��  i  IB  ICoH  ������SSrii|'''ifti/ii,f'' E "VMJ IKt! 'iM  Copyn��hW9ezby  J. S.lTSJCa.ito.dirord|  x 11  hi  1THD.  If abortion appears in tlio dnlry herd,  one of tho first things to do is to change  tho sire.  The nutritive vnlueof 13 cents'worth  of 3 per cent mill; is equal to 25 cents'  Worth of round beefsteak.  , Hny which will sell for $7 per'ton  from tho barn next winter is hotter  Bold from the lielil when made nt $5.  When a fat hog soils for ?30 and s  fat steer for $100, as today, it is no  Wonder tlicre is a boom in farm lands.  .Juno butter is going into cold storage  ht about 2^ cents per pound this year,  nearly 4 cents higher than it has been  for many years.  Farmcis seem to lend a willing hand  to the boars on the hoards of trade by  bragging too much about the prospective yield of their crops.  Naturo very reluctantly combines  Blze and good quality In nny of her  products. Tho largest things of n given type nre by no menus the best  Steady work for the bull at the head  of the herd will not only make him of  far greater, value as n sire, but will  make him orderly and Well behaved.  Cold storage has made it possible  ���for the producer to get 13 conts for  May nud June eggs. Before tho days of  ;cold storage 8 cents wns a good price.  The enormous whent crop of lOtil has  been absorbed without any marked depreciation of price. The short crops of  other cereals have made this possible.  wheat having boet'i substituted for  corn ns a fattening ration for cattle  nnd hogs.  The Canadian Pacific railway will  shortly place the enormous amount of  23,000.000 acres of laud on tho market  for settlers. \Vhllecthese lauds lie far  north and somo of them aro utterly  worthless, tliero is much fertile soil,  and nil the cereals save corn will grow  and do well.  We hnve como to the timo when it ls  uulikely that anything now remains to  bo discovered about the mystery of  milk and tho making of .butter. A  more interesting thing than the evolution of butter making anil the dnlry  has never beeii witnessed in this conn-  try.    It Is only a few men who have the  eye to draw n perfectly straight furrow when plowing or start the coin  planter on a 'straight row. Where ono  does do this it always attracts attention ami is quite apt to ho un indicator  of tho general style on w-hich his farm  is run.  A Hock of 300 Angora gouts bought  by a western farmer three years ago  not only paid thcir way in wool.: or  hair lather, hut sold for more money  than he paid for t'A>m and cleaned up  an eighty acre tract of rough brush In  the very finest shape. These animals  will do this every time.  LTVE STOCK MENACE  CRITICISM  OF THE  RECENT ACTION  OF COLLECTOR HUEST1S.  There Is ono advantage on the farm,  and It is no small one cither, and that  is the impossibility of there ever being  an organized strike among farm laborers. No business could be taken such  advantage of by laborers as that of the  farm, and it is fortunate that it is  from tho nature of things exempt.  No moral training which tho house  cat receives will ever prevent her from  robbing the young birds from tbu nest  in the tree by the door if it is possible  for her to get nt it.  An elaborate experiment tnaSs with  the'strawberry at the Iowa ugricul-  . tural experiment station provitfl that  pistillate varieties were more productive than the stamiuute.'  The suspicion Is prevalent '.hat a  good deal of olil horse meat is'pissing  in gold labeled tuns us "choice. ���Horned  beef." There la quite likely to bis some  kicking over this matter.  , When you milk n cow nnd fatten her  for the block,at the same time,1 you  .will succeed In making the toughest  of beef. We do not know why this Is  so. but it's a fact Just the same.  Wliile,the Jersey cow Is nlmost certain to be one of the gentlest and7most  ladylike of her kind, every wny-lovable, her mate is quite.likely to be the  ugliest little devil in four states.  ' So many American farmers nre buying land and locating in western Canada tbut It Is going to be nipand tuck  Which shall bo celebrated us a holiday  ���the king's birthday or the Fourth of  'July.     ���  V        o       I We think that we can see the time  near when a load of musty oat straw  ..twill not bring $5 when It is wanted for  Btable bedding or to cover a strawberry  bed.   The old granger won't work this  .racket next winter.  These nro the days when the man  who set out a strawberry bed last year  Is reaping a rich reward. One man in  about twenty will have nil thu delicious berries he wants; the other nineteen might but won't, bocnuso the.v  won't tako tho trouble. This is n grout  waste of opportunity and privilege.  There Is one- thing which a good many  readers of theso notes might do to their  profit���Just sit down and figure closely  whether the cows which they are keeping are really paying their way. Weigh  each cow's milk, and if it proves thnt  sho is giving less than 2,500 pounds a  year you enn figure out an almost certain loss.  Some one says that the good milker  needs to he a Christian. Maybe that's  so, but "wo. recall the case of one good  man who for the time being really.regretted he was one as he went-through  the experience of trying to milk a  kicking heifer in flytimo, his church  relations preventing him from doing  the subject Justice.  The olco manufacturers have: now  before, them the difficult task of educating the public taste in the line.', of  using and liking the uncolored article.  It Is just as good, just as nutritious,  uncolored as colored, and it may be  that in time ithe popular prejudice  against.a white butter substitute will  be overcome and a large market made  for the product  One of them drew his month's wages  and then went to town and blow his  money in a doggery. When he started  for home, he was full as a tick and.  falling out of the buggy,, broke; his  neck. Another one had some trouble  In the shape of nnother fellow getting  his girl nway from him. nnd he strung  himself,up in the barn. Both of these  men lacked sense.  official Interpretation of the Clnuie in  the U.S. Tariff "When Imported for  llreodiiic Purpose*" in Dispute���If D��-  ci.ion Xa Sustained It Will Cause a  Complete Ce.suiion of Live Slock Trnilc  llutween Cuuudu uud tlle U.S.  Tho attention ot live stock exporters, biocdors und thu press, is called  to the case of II. V. Page, ol Mission City, B.C., wlio was compelled  to imy S1J0OO duty on ten Pen-heron' horses exported lu thc United  States .through the port of Suiiius,  'Washington, in October, 1001. These  horses were all accompanied by iho  proper registration papers of the  American i'orclui'oii Morse Breeders'  Association, n.s required liy the laws  ol tiie U.S. The contention oi Collector llucstis was that, jnas.'iiiuh ns  tho animals were imported to he offered for snlo they wero subject to  tie ditty. Jlr. 1'njje appealed the  case, and the testimony wns heard  by Judge IleVries of the Board of  Appraisers, whose headquarters are  in New York. This lionrd have the  .case under consideration, and will  render, their decision some time in  August.  Thu action of Collector l-liiostis has  been "rather severely criticized by  "Tho Banch" a well-known agricultural paper of Seattle, Wash., to  wliich journal he contributed the following defence of his action: "II. V.  Page, the importer you .mention is  an alien slock breeder, residing in  British Columbia. On October 18th,  1901, he imported ut Sunius four  stallions and six mures, making entry for samo as pure bred slock, and  claiming that they were entitled to  freo entry under the provision ol article No. iiiii of lhe existing tnr ill,  whicli provides that any animals  pure bred of a recognized breed, duly  registered and certified as required by  the regulations of the Hon. Secretary, of thc Treasury, shall" be admitted free wlien imported specially  for breeding purposes. Pedigree certificates were'presented' with  entry,  but as the animals  ��� :Some farmers nre becoming ��o well  fixed thnt they think they can afford ^o  do their farm uork with a five hundred dollar teal l of horses, and it almost makes pi.'iy of the work when  done with such j team. >  "."Some "people"wlll~uot"let-a- Virginia  creeper decorate their porch on the  ground that its luxuriant growth cling-  lug to the woodwork is liable to rot it.  This ls a mistake. Wc have never found  that it had any tendency to do this.  The curse of the mustard follows  close in the wnUe" of the flux, crop  through all the northwestern'territory  Where llax Is grown, it is mi easy  'matter to get a farm infested with this  pest nnd a very hard thing to get rid  of It  A woman go's n big contract on her  linnds when she finds thnt she has married u ninn who Is bound to have hot  biscuit nt least once every day. nnd the  worst of It is tliat she Is quite likely lo  have a,cranky old dyspeptic to cook  for before he Is n grandfather.  ' There never has been n time when  the simple factor of weight counted  for so much In a horse as ut present The sixteen hundred pound horse  hns n dlstlnrt advantage over, the  twelve hundred pound horse for nil  farm work and town teaming.  We would like to see the agricultural  fairs and associations offer a good, substantial premium,of, sny. 550 for the  largest value of crops raised on a small  tract of land, from one to five ncrcs.  The time is fast coming when the soil  must bo: worked better nnd made more  productive, and small tracts cultiynted  in competition for 6uch a prize would  be'splendid object lessons nlong this  line.  The robins whicli have been.hatched  In the tree on your lawn nnd which  have lived off the grubs In the garden  and-tho-ft'ult-in-theiOi'elinrdjissemblc^  In vast flocks during the winter in the  cedar swamps of the south to feed on  the seeds of the cedars, of which they  are very fond. At this time they are  caught In nets by the thousands during thc night when roosting and sold  for about TO cents n dozen, the poach  ers making from S2 lo ��3 for n. night's  work.  People got . nwful queer notions  sometimes. Here is a lady who was  told that,the proper way to start nu  asparagus bed was to have a li'g  trench dug and filled: with old trash-  broken crockery, tinware and old rubbers���covering Ihis with earth. The  bed was so mnde and proved a dead  failure, as might have been expected.  If she had substituted an old horse or  the cats and dogs which the community could well haVe 'spared, the result  would have been very different.  We are asked Iiow lnte In the.season  It.Is safe to put grafts In trees. If the  grafts,hnve,been kept dormant, ii good  per cent of them will grow If inserted  even when the tree Is welllenved out.  but It Is better to do this work during  March nnd April rather than later.    ''  A western granger raise:! n colt  sired by n thoroughbred road horse.  The youngster shared the rough and  tumble life of the draft colts in the  cornstalk fields and winter pasture  At three years of age he was broken  In. In a rural wny, to drive, and n local  horse buyer, seeing him, got hi in for  J100. Being bettor trained and fitted  up. the buyer sold lilm to a city buyer  for. $250, nnd the colt was then ship  ped to New York, where he sold at  auction for $1,700.   Good blood tells.  i;(io:iwi.v.  Pi'lzc-wlunlng   American   sndilie- st.illlon  in Ms 2-ywir-olil form.   Typical of tbe.  AiiKi'lctui-Kiiitcd saddler.  d- ntly imported for sale, the importer was iei|iiircd to deposit !h-j  amount of duty that would'accrue In  case tho animals wore found not , to  bu entitled to Pee entry, and was  givin e.n opportunity to pi oduce satisfactory evidence, that they, were intended specially for breeding purposes, which said evidence was lacking on entry. Neither thc deputy  collector' at'. Suriins nor this office  'questioned tho genuineness of the  registration papers as intimated..''in  your editorial and Sir. l'age well  knows thnt was not the reason that  he was required", to." deposit the  duty. (Note:���Mr. Page says, "He  never was so informed.") It was  purely a question of evidence on the  point:, of the purpose for which the  animals Were reported. As you .are  aware, Perchorons arc valuable for  draft horses, and whm inportod for  that, purpose are 'subject to duty, .and  a; proper' enforcement of the tariff,  as well ns regard for protection ol  Americnn stock raisers alike: domnml  n full investigation of the facts."  It therefore appeal's that the  whole 'matter, depends on the official  interpretation of the clause, "when  imported for breeding purposes."  According to Judge iloVrics the  question".has'never liefore bevn raif.cd,  although it is a well-known fact that  large numbers of :pure bred cal.tle  have been sent to the United States  by Canadian breeders for sale at  public auction and always, us far as  1 have known, free of duty. If the  contention of Collector llnest is is  sustained, thc decision will generally  bo" regarded as a decided injustice,  and contrary to the spirit of the  law. It will cause a complete .'cessation of the trade in puru bred  stork between this country and tha  United Suites:-in-'act-it-hns nlicndy-  lintl that result, as.far us the trade  bltwem B.C. and Washington Teui-  lory'is'Concerned. This is n mutter  of vital, 'importance, not only to  the ..Canadian breeders who have  stock for sale, but to the Americans  wlio hnve need of such stock for  th'.- 'improvement of tlieir studs,  herds nnd flocks. Immediate action  should be taken, by our Live Stock  Associations, and a strong protest  entered against, such unfair, ruling.  As "The Hunch" very pertinently  says, .*.'." It is we'll known thai many  firms n>n''C a business of iiiiiuirlin^  from Canada and from the Old  World pure hri'd stock of all kinds;  iind that such stock is permitted to  pass, in free, provided it is ai'com-  puiiicd by the proper'certificates' of  registration. Thi.' Government does  not follow such stock after it leaves  the custom ollice. un:l the importer  is free to dispose of this'stock to  any one he likes, and at whatever  prico he can get. If Collector llucstis is upheld in- this contention Hint  pure "bred stock must be imported  for breeding purposes only, nndenn-  not ho sold or worked, it will  paralyze Iho whole business of importing horses and injure the trade  in other lines. ;Wc thinii that the  various Breeders' Associations should  act on this case, 'in order lo bring  properly' before: the board of appraisers the wido spread Injury an  adverse decision in the Page case  would have on tho whole breeding  Industry.",    ,  SUITABLE BREEDS.  ftiroettons  for tlio uuiduit<-��  of I-'urm��-r��  In Sel-etlni; '��� item.  Since there is a constant and increasing demand for table poultry in  the Knglish market, and the raising  of poultry for export in Canada has  developed into a prominent industry,  and one which has���tin? most of us  think���como to stuy, it will bo well  for us to Watch closely and see that  the exacting tastes of thc pernickety  chicken-consumers in England nie not  hampered with too ninny vexatious  variations.  They Want birds thut come up to  tlieir standard of perfection���something that suits their eye���a heavy,  compact body, with white llesh and  white legs and skin. It is to our advantage to r.iisu poultry that possess  certain good .qualities. It is to our  advntiliige to get a breed thnt will  stand forcing, and. one that will  thrive well under even unfavorable  climatic conditions, such as wu frequently get. Wc want a chicken that  will mako a rapid growth on coni-  pnrntively inexpensive food, and  reach nn early maturity.  Kgg-luying machines, such as wc  havo in the Leghorns, Amlalusiaiis,  and Slinoreus, Will not'suit tliis purpose. Thoso breeds'may lie'till light  in thcir place, but their place is not  in a feeding crate. I have fed some  of that, type and believe Umt 1 have  pumped into them -many dollars'  worth'Of., feed from .which I got no  profit.  We hear a great deal about the  Buff Orpington" billed" now. ��� I. havo  only a few of thein yet, but I Um  very much pleased with those which  I have and havo ordered it'., number  from England. : We cannot speak too  highly of the Barred Hock. They are  n breed with which all aro acquainted, a breed that excels in the production of winter eggs. If we tako a  Hock of one hundred well-bred Barred  Hocks we are fairly certain of getting  eighty or. ninety good birds for feeding. Perhaps thc one objection to  that breed is their tendency towards  yellow legs and skin. But this can  be overcomo to a certain' extent by  systematically weeding out our breeding'stock which show this tenth ncy���  breeding' only from 'white-skinned and  white-leggad birds���and also by feeding a ration that will make white  flesh.  The Wyandottes are also . n, very  good breed. I have no doubt that  the .fanciers of this particular breed  conld toll you of many, points where  they excel the Barred Hocks. From  tho experience that I have had with  them I am not prepared to say that  they'fit my needs quite as well. Nevertheless, : they arc a very excellent  fowl, and for crossing with an Indian  Gamecock are.-. perhaps as good as  the best.  The same principles that should be  observed in selecting breeding cattle  of the beef breeds should be observed in selecting a cockerel and hens to  raise table fowls. It is a block of  meat of the best quality that is wanted, ft will be found quite ns. dllllcult to make a good cat cuss oi chicken out of an egg-laying machine (or  special egg-laying breed) as to make  nn ideal carcass of'beet with a Jersey steer.  1 believe it is wise and essential to  the highest degree of success to raise  your chicks from hens, that aie purebred ; or nearly so, and from a purebred cock. If your breeding hens  have a strain of Leghorn in tlieni  your chickens will not likely be so  'uniform.. There is more apt to be a  larger percentage of culls. There  will be some that show tho back  breeding. But I believe that wc get  stronger chicks by crossing a purebred male of one breed with hens of  another breed.  An ideal bird for the export tiade  might be described as lui\ing a short  neck, with a wide head, In ight. eyes,  and a short, heavy bill. Thc legs  should bo short, squaic'.y sot, and  well apart. Thc back sliould be wide  and strong. Tho brean should only  be of moderate depth���having plenty  of room for a large quantity of  meat. The skin, flesh and legs  should have a healthy, white appearance.���W. J. Clark in London: Farmers'  Advocate.  FOR SUMMER FEcDiNG.  5omi'tlttii�� About .Siuu.m  .VuUiuliliv l'or.i',i��.  i'rops for 1 hi*' l'nrpo*e���The i omli-  rtoiis ui 1*�� ltorii,- 'in 3-Iml.  The losses-that occur annually to'  our fanners from thc drying iip of  their pastures in. July, August, and  September, sliould induce every stock  mnn to grow a. few acres of green  feed. In most cases only personal  experience with fodder plants will enable a farmer to ascertain winch ate  best adapted to his own needs, and  district, in the past tho chief, objection to soiling has been that time  is too valuable to lie employed for  this purpose. But it i.s becoming  very evident that, on high priced land,  and with valuable herds or Hocks,  we cannot afford to neglect our stock  during the summer droughts. Some  suggestion ias to the selection and  growth of suitable crops for summer'  feeding nro worthy of consideration.  ���In laying out the work it is necessary to know.-how many head of  animals it is desired to teed. The  following estimate.hns been mnda.of  the land required to produce sufficient  green feed for a cow for one day.  Of Lucerne or other clover J of n  square rod per 'day: ot barley, oats,  nnd. pensc. rye, wheal, or..millet, in  square rod ' per day; of corn or  .sorghum i of a square rod per. dny.  The above'is a fair .estimate for a  day's .feeding on land in a good stnto  of cultivation, and with no allowance for pasture. No cow can possibly 'consume' i a square rod of rye,  barley, oats nnd ,pease-or millet ina  diiyVifccdingy where there is �� good  strong growth. But allowing that  the above estimate is approximately  correct, we Iind that one acre of  these  crops is   sufficient: to  fecd:a  l'l-ixt-M inn In? Yorkshire.  eMSfeV  suMMKitini.i, vicToit (Sth :  Yorkshire  boar,  pionsliip���atj.  an.,.  winner of chnm-  Pivn-Ajiicrican; _________ J>_|"  cago IiitcrnatioiianExlnl.u'tioiisriOiir  an'1 sold for $701). Ercd uml exhibited by V. 0. Piatt &. Sou, llill-  grovc.Cnt.,  lhe o ���mi ow <�������������.  Tho sow Uiat is an vfTirient mother and has pio\cd herself as such  for at least two years by raising  large litters, giving un abundance  of milk and saving tha pigs, is a  valuable ..one. A sow of this character is worth much more than a  it  young untried ono to tlio farmer.  Don't be in a li.il ry to kill or sell  your old sows Hint, aie n<i"ii profitable mothers. You>.'ill"Iiml it difficult   to replace tliem.  The farmer who  is successful   and  who hns an eye, on thc profit: In the  business   whenever he is tatislicd  thc  good   qualities  ol  a  brood    i  holds   on  to her    for   six or  years or as long as she remains  of  sow  seven  a  profitable   sow.   ���  American Swineherd.  Touds in tlm Giirilen.  Toads nro valuable friends to gardeners. In Europe thoy are advertised for sale and gardeners buy them  in large numbers. Boys capture them  in nets, which is easily done in evening twilight. When placed is a garden they seldom leave,1 but soon  find a burrow under a boai'd or  stone, or at the root, of a tree or  shrub,and make themselves at homo.  Their value is in tho fact that thoy  destroy   many damaging insects.  GOOU TnitKE-IlOUSE WHIKFLETIiKK.  cow for 320 days. ; The amount required by otlier kinds of stock can  be calculated on this basis.. It is always best to make a liberal allowance. There need bo no waste since  any surplus can be cut and cured for  winter forage, or plowed under as  green manure.  Next it will be necessary to consider  tho  most  suitable kind  of crops  to grow,  and  tho periods  at which  each will be available.    For general  feeding, rye, clover,  rape,  pensc and  oats,  ^ctchs,  millet,  sorghum     and  corn, will be found most satisfactory  and the list named  will cover practically tho whole season, if sown at  suitable intervals.    Hye sown in the  fall will provide the earliest feed in  the  spring,   but  as- grass  is  usually  abundant at that time, this crop is  not so likely to be needed unless   a  complete system ;of soiling is practiced.       Clover,   where   it   will   grow  well, comes next oii the list, andwill  furnish:--'(in-.- ubundancc of good feed  during tiio latter half of June.     Lucerne    or    alfalfa-,      where    tho soil  and      climate     are     favorable     to  its      growth,       should      be      given  first   place   on     the list   of   soiling  crops.    It can be .cut almost,as early   in   the   spring   us   rye, and furnishes at least three crops   per season of highly nitrogenous  food.     It  is  greatly  lelished  by  all  kinds    of  stock,  but is apt to cause bloating  if carelessly pastured.    In the .Southern  parts    of  Ontario,     it generally  stands the winter well, and lasts for  years without re-seeding,    it should  be sown in the spring, on clean, very  ���well prepared ground, cither alone or  with a light   nurse   crop of barley,  wheat  or    oats,     and     at  least   '20  pounds  of  good  fresh  seed    to     tho  O.CIC.    It is a littic slow in gaining  a foothold,  and- should not be pastured  the  first year,  but  after  that  it is -Very.- tenacious oflite, and withstands "'���; droughts    remarkably   woll.  Kapo may bu sown about thu llrs-t of  Mpy  on  rich  well    prepared  soil  for  early feeding, and additional sowings  may be niade at intervals us desired.  It is adxisnble to sow tape in drills  two  foot apart, and cultivate as for  turnips.    !��� i om one to two pounds of  seed   of    the     Uwiuf     Ki-.'C*  varic'.v  should  be sown to  the acie,   ll drilled "iii, or double the amount if sown  broadcast. Hape produces large quantities of green feed and is one of the  best   foods   for  kicping  animals,   including  pigs,  sheep  and   enh'ts,     in  good  condition.     It.  is  not satisfactory  for  milch Cows,  owing" to . its  'tendency to  injure the fluvor of the  milk.  Outs and pease -make one of the  very best soiling cops for general  giowth. particularly for feeding dairy  cows. They      should      be   sown  as early in      the spring      as  tho      ground      "ill"    pen:'it;      and  at intervals thci cutler, al  the rate ol  about  three  b;.'!-hcis  p.r ;it"e,   ieq  parts, or two bushels oats  pease).  Vetches or tares are now grown in  Canada to a considerable i-xtent, especially by dairymen. Thoy are likely to prove of value, not only-In Ontario and Quebec, but, in the 31ivri-  timc Provinces and British Columbia  nnd the West as well. The common  spring vetch has been most generally  grown, but recent experiments go to  show, that, (ho Hairy Vetch will  yield 'n'considerably larger amount  of green fodder per line in Ontario.  It is-very desirable for soiling purposes, especiiilly on dry districts. It  appears to be relished by nil classes  ot farm stock. T'he greatest drawback to the more extensive cultivation ol the vetch in Camulii, is the  high price asked for the seed. : At  present prices it will probably be  found best to sow vetches along witli  pease and oats, at tho rate of one  bushel of vetches, one bushel of  pease, and two bushels ,of.: oats'; per  acre. This, mixture will produce an  excellent'' crop for; Jiily and August  feeding and Will also afford good pasture after the first cutting,: if   cut  early.  Millet is another plant that is particularly good as a catch crop. It  can bo sometimes; sown after a ' forage crop of pease and oats has been  taken off the ground and if there is'  sufficient moisture to start it, it will  yield a fair crop. _ If sown, early in  June, at'the"rate of about thirty  pounds per acio, it will tun,ish a  large crop' of good fodder by tho  middle of August. Thc Japanese  Barnyard, in moist soil, and Japanese Panicle are tho best varieties. .  Corn (when it grows woll) is the  groat standby for fall feeding. 'An-  other very valuable fall fodder plant  for j the southern part of Canada is  sorghum. ,: The Early Amber is tho  most suitable for our latitude. It'  should not be sown until the weather has become settled and warm, on  land that has been prepared in the  samo" way us for corn. If sown in  drills like corn, threo pecks of seed  will bo ample for an acre, but if  broadcasted,more will bo required.  It is slow in start ing, but, tiller it  has attained a height of a few inches,  growth is very rapid,-and the crop  very heavy. It is greedily union by  slock, but like corn il. in carbonaceous in its nature, and some additional feed such as clo-cr oil-cake, etc.,  sliould bo'ndded to balance the ration.  Soja or soy beans have been rather extensively grown for foddei- in  the Southern States for somo years  and arc gaining popularity in tho  North as well. 'Ihey produce a great  amount'"of rich .forage, growing" to  the height of from two and one half  to four feet, branching freely and  producing numerous woolly pods containing two to throe round yellow  beans. Sow about the saino as for  corn oil: a fine, deep, linn nnd moist  seed bed, in rows about 30 Inches  apart, and on the level, from two to  four;pecks of seed to the acre. They  mo likely to do woll in Southern Ontario, and in-, similar latitudes, although thoy have not as yet been  largely tried. On account of their  richness in protein, and tholr nitrogen gathering ability they arc worthy of attention and trial. Tho yellow soy bean has been tho most satisfactory of nil varieties tested In  Canada.���F. XV. Hodson, Live Stock  Commissioner.  Ihe 18-Yo��r CIcniln.'Apiinnra.on'TImn  The 17-yenr cicada, or locust, as il  is more genernlly', but wrongly called, is now in lull possession ol tho  territory in .which it is due.- In all  probability succeeding broods will  bo less destructive, as tho areas over which it occurs are less favorable  for egg-laying than formerly. Another important factor, in its destruction is the English sparrow. This  is particularly, true in public parks  and   other places near     cities    nnd  nil  to one': of  17-YEAK CICAOA AND YOUNG. .  towns. Tho sparrow is very fond of  these insects and devours them greedily as soon as they como from tho  giound.  An adult cicada is shown in our illustration nt c. 'Iho female deposits  hor oggs in twigs and ends' of trees  ond shrubs is shown at d. Tho  eggs hatch and tho young fall to the  ground, bury '; themselves and remain  below,the surface Ior. IT* yours.'.,They  then appear as shown at a. Crawling the skin as seen at b, clinging  to thc object where it is fastened.  'Iho next appearance of this particular, brood will occur in a less restricted area in 1919.���Aniericun Agriculturalist.  ~_~_���______ c  - Summer Grc**ii*.  Spinach will not do woll in the  summer, so that one. needs to turn  to something else for greens. The  two i inds of plants that have given  thc best satisfaction at the New Jcr- '  sey station are the Swiss chard and  tlie New Zealand spinach. The chard '  is a kind of beet, but with tho nourishment stoied in the leaf stalks instead of thc ront. lt is grown the  same as beets and thrives the summer through, yielding a large amount  ol substance for the table. The leaf  stalks aie large and quite flat, resembling' somewhat those ol celery,  and wlien properly cooked is a fine  dish. Those who arc familiar with  the preparation of creamed asparagus  will know how to make a line dish  out of the Swiss chard, lt can; be  sown in succession until as late as  July.: Besides,7 the early plants can  be topped, and a new growth of  leaves will soon come. The second  Balail-plnnt-to-be-liiglily_recomiiicnfb_  od is the New Zealand spinach, which  is more like the regular spinach than  i.s the chard. This plant seems to  prefer tho hot weather and makes a  large'amount 'of thick leaves and  tender lips to tho ninny branches,  wliich may bo gathered at frequent  intervals throughout the season.  Allc:<MTi��l'"��- Arn All llluht.  Angleworms are in your garden lie-  cause thoy'find plcanty ol food thore  and the "soil'conditions suited to  thorn. Boys who go fishing know  whore to go and get worms with  the lenst work. T'hey pick out cool,  moist, places, whoro thu soil is dark  i.'olorf.d and 'full of rotting vegetable  'matter.' The rotting humus is what  tlu angleworm ftoils on, swallowing  chunks or masses ot tlio soil, digesting th'-' organic mutter and expelling  tho undigested soil. These worms  will do no harm to your garden.  'They are among the useful friends of  the farmer, for they - work over tho  soil and open it to uir and Water.  - Brnn and. Mtorln.  When wo Epoak of sorts for stock  or poultry feeding, we mean that  wliich is entitled to the,name. -Wo  do not mean bran that may be re-  ground to make it finer, and especially would we avoid it if we thought  that; the causo of, regrindlng was that  the bran had been wet,'soured-and  caked   uo. THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER.B. C.  ( Cores games, instituted in 1314 to  celebrate tho return of tho Cores men  from Bannockburn, were celebrated  recently in Fifcshire,  Scotland.  .In nearly every street in Japanese  cities is a public oven where, for a  small fee, housewives mny have their  dinners and suppers cooked for them.  HM's-JJoM Cnres Bins, Etc.  By sowing nitrate of soda in small  quantities in showery weather under  trees a most beautiful verdure will  be obtained.  I bought aO:orse with a supposedly incurable1 'ringbone for $80.00,  curod him with $1.00 worth of  MINAHD'S LINIMENT, nnd sold  him in four months for $85.00. Profit on Liniment,  $54.00.  MOISE  DEROSCE,  Hotel Keeper.  St. Phillip's Quo., Nov. lst, 1901.  BABY'S  OWN TABLETS.  A man is usually doing tho vory  nest he can or clso the very worst he  can.  The German Empress decorates  with a gold cross eveiy servant who  has remained in the samo family for  forty years.  MINARD'S LINIMEMT for Sale EYerywlro.  It is claimed that a sure cure for  hiccoughs is to inhale ns much air  as the lungs will hold and retain it  as long as possible. If ono inhalation is ret sufficient repeat the process. T  LOOK LIKE FLATIRON3.  CurloiiH    Stiine    Imiilpuicntn   of   Oar  Aborigine!* Pir/xle ScliMltUtM.  Among thousands of curious objects  of utility, weapons, etc., of Ihe races  that peopled North America in prehistoric times that one sees in the cases'  and cabinets in the Smithsonian institution are some live or more curiously  wrought stone objects from mounds in  Tennessee bearing such a close re-  semblance to modern Ilatlrons that  many people have thought that such  might have been their uso among their  prehistoric makers, although it would  be hnrd to imagine what the primitive  aborigines of this continent had to  lrou.  The shape nnd appearance of these  objects in every way correspond with  a modern flatiron, handle and nil, and  thus far scientific men havo been unable to discover what they were used  for. It Is; however, just n little singular that wrought stones, similar to the  ones from tho Tennessee mounds, have  been found In Peru ntnong tho tombs of  the Ineas nnd at the necropolis of An-  con. The old Spanish writers, men  who accompanied Pisizaro In the conquest of that country, state that the  ancient Peruvians, who were great  builders, used these wrought stones, or  so called flatirons, as trowels In plastering walls with mortar.  The objects found In one of tho Tennessee mounds are the only ones that  were ever found In the United-States,  nnd the only way to account for their  presence in that locality is to suppose  that in pre-Columbian times a great  deal of Peruvian material reached  ' countries far to the north of tbo isthmus by means of Intertribal trade.  NATURAL HISTORY.  Some of the caterpillars found In the  vicinity of the D.irliug river, Australia, are over six Inches In length  Tbe leaders of u Qock of-migrating"  wild geese become tired sooner than  others and aro frequently relieved by  their fellows.  The gray bnzznrd is said to be the  heaviest bird that files, tbe young  males, when food ls plentiful, weighing  nearly forty pounds. The bird is nearly extinct  The terrapin lives largely upon crabs.  He never eats his food, but bolts It  His favorite tidbit ls tha crab's claw,  which h�� swallows whole with the  greatest relish.  The glowworm laji eggs which, It la  said, are themselves luminous. However, the young hatched from thein are  not possessed of these peculiar properties until after the first trunsformatioa  A whistling moth la an Australian  rarity. Thers ls a glassy space on tbe  wings crossed witb ribs. When the  moth wants to whistle. It strikes these  _irlb8__wlth Its antenna*, .which hnve a  knob" at the end. The sound is a love  call from the male to the female.  For Weak  and  Sickly  Children During the Hot Weather.  Thousands of children die during  tho hot weather months, because summer complaint hnd stomach troubles  come suddenly and mothers do not  havo tho means at hand to promptly  check and cure them. In homes where  Baby's Own Tablots are used these  precious littlo lives can bo saved,  and no homo where .there aro infants  and young children should bo without them.  Baby's Own Tablets will promptly  cuto all stomach and bowel troubles,  and nre a great relief to teething  children. The tablets aro sold under  a positive guarantee thnt they contain neither opiate nor harmful drug.  Crushed to n powder they can be  given with absolute safety to a new  born bnbo. Mrs. It. Ferguson, 105  Mansfield street. Montreal, snys: "I  have used Baby's Own Tablets and  have found them the best medicine I  have over given my children. My  baby has always been small and dclieato and suffered so much last summer with his teeth that I did not  think ho would live. Then he was attacked with dysentery, a feverish  skin nnd cough. As tho doctor's  medicine did not help him, I sent  for Baby's Own Tablets and they did  him a wonderful amount of good,  and he is now getting along splendidly. I gladly give my experience  for tlie benefit of other mothers." H  your druggist does not keep these  Tablets they will bo sent by mail  post paid at 25 cents a box by writing direct to tho Dr. Williams Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont., or Schenectady, K. Y.  An old bachelor, when he feels blue  and discouraged, always' regrets that  he has no wife to whine to.  THE GRADUATING DRESS.  ,     Stand still, J'o whirling planets:  Ye have no need to whirl;  We have no eyes for thee; they're ea  The graduating girl!  Bcribboncd and liolaced, sho  Is Just about lo show  Your brightest constellations  A thing or two, 1 trow!  Now clips she with her scissors  And wields the silken thread,  While visions of her triumph  Are racing through her head,  And on her tinner nimble  Sln> Ills the festive thimble,  / A rosy, blushing symbol  Of youth to conquer sped.    -���  Bask, ail ye weighty question!  And problems of thc day!  We have no time for you now,  No matter whnt you weigh!  Let business complications  And grent affairs of state  Stand hack: we're near commencement,  '      And other things can waitl  Let armies vie with armies,  Let nations fall or rise,   '���  But for the30 lesser matters  XVe have no enrs nor eyes;  We're deep ln admiration  Of all this preparation  For early graduation  And Incident surprise.  Stand still, ye whirling planets,  Your dizzy dance suppress!  Yc deem yourselves important,  But stand ye, none the less;  You'ro hardly worth a mention;     ��  Vie rivet our attention  On each demure dimension  Of the graduating dress.   ���Baltimore New*.  Tobacco Plant.  The Nlcotlann afllnis. or sweet scented tobacco plant, should be in every  g.itdon. It attains a height of two feet  uniier good conditions, bears an iibun  d.iuie of large, fragiant, piuo white  blossoms and is sufficiently li.udy. The  plants, if cut back ut the time of the  iiutiimn potting, will bloom ull winter  MARKETS.   .  GRAIN AND PRODUCE.  ��� WHEAT���During the past week the  speculative wheat markets in the  States have developed considerable  weakness and displayed a good deal  of nervousness. Prices have resorded  a gradual decline every day without  any sign of reaction until yesterday  when closing prices were ic better  than tho duy before. Tho decline on  tho wcok is l}c to 2c per bushel.  There is littlo to be said about tho  crops at present. Winter wheat hur-  vest is over in tho States and Europe us far north as thc north of  France. It begins in tho south of  England this wcok und thc spring  wheat harvest in tho southern part  of South Dakota nnd Southern Minnesota is beginning this week. f In  Argentina tho weather has boon' favorable for the now crop which has  got a good start. In Australia some  rains had fallen in the wheat districts, but not suilicient to make the  situation for the now crop favorable,  and at present Australia is not  counted as an exporter for next  year. India has boon a good shipper  to Europe recently, but tho prospect  for the coming season's crop is not  flattering.  Tliero is very littlo doing in Manitoba wheat and the business for the  season 1901-2 is getting pretty well  wound up. Prices are firm and held  above export value, but this is owing to the moderate quantity of  wheat available to work on. Tho  stock at Fort William is wearing  down and shipment from the country  points is on a gradually decreasing  scale. At tho closo of last week  values were : 1 hard, 76}c; 1 northern, 7-l_z, 2 northern, 72ic, in store  Fort William or Port Arthur, spot  or delivery first half ot August.   -  FLOUR���Demand is light and thc  market is unchanged as follows:  Ogilvie's Hungarian, S2.05 per sack  of 98 lbs. ; Glenora Patent, SI.90;  Alberta, $1.75; Manitoba, $1.00;  XXXX, S1.25.  MILLFEED ��� Bran is firm and  worth $13 nor ton in bulk. Shorts  firm at S17 per ton in bulk, deliver-  GRAVEL CURED.  REMARKABLE   .CASE   'OF   THIS  PAINFUL DISEASE.  Reuben Draper, ol Bristol, Que., Who  Was a Victim Finds Relief nnd a  Permanent Cure���lie Tells of nis  Sufferings and How He Left His  Troubles Behind.  Bristol, Que., August 11.���(Special)  No disease can cause moro severe  and dreadful pain than Gravel. Reuben Draper, of this pluce, was taken  ill witli this awful trouble about livo  years ago. He was cured and so  many have asked him how it was  done that ho has decided to give the  whole story for publication :  "About five yours ago I was taken  ill with Gravel. I suffered great pain  so I sent for a doctor, llo gave me  some medicine and came to sec mo  twice afterwards, but my disease  was not gone, and in a short timo I  hud another very bad attack.  "This time I sent for another doctor, with about the same results,  only I was getting weaker all the  time.  "Then a man advised me to try  Bodd's Kidney Pills, for he snid they  had cured his mother. I thought I  would try them nnd bought a box.  "Just one week after I began the  treatment I passed a stone as large  as a small bean, and four days later  nnother about the size of a grain of  barley���this gave nie great relief,  and 1 commenced to feci better and  to gain strength right awny.  "That was five years ago, and I  have not had any trouble in that  wny since. I hnvo the stones in a  small bottle and anyone can seo them  who wishes. Dodd's Kidney Pills  certainly saved my life."  Thc story of Mr. Draper will be  good news to many sufferers who  may not have known that Dodd's  Kidney Pills always cure Gravel and  Stone in the Bladder. '  Whnt has cured this gentlemen and  hundreds   ol   other   very   bad cases  ed, subject to usual trade discounts. ��� hoM WVQ aliyone> am,  those   who  GROUND   FEED���Wo   quote:     Oat \ lnay i,0 afilictcd as Mrl Draper   wus  The  Indian  Vlnu.  The Indian \i i.i is a bar of hollow  bamboo, to which uie fastened two  empty gourds It Is strung with eight  wires, fi\v of wliich aie pionded with  movable frets.  A Cooklnc Hint.  Salt pork ls nn excellent substitute  for buttor In s.i.iielng almost any Mirt  of food where butter might be ii-od.  Don't foiget. too. that n few diop<! of  oliie oil for delicate fiylng ia fur better  thun butler at uu.i price.  Repaid la Kind.  At a certain ball ln the country the  other evening a gentleman undertook  to lntioduce a companion to a young  but somewhat stout lady, who seemed  - to be pining for a dunce.  ' "No. thanks, old fellow. I don't care  to waltz with a curt."  A "cart" Is understood In the district  referred to iib a partner who does not  do her share of the dancing, but has to  be drawn around.  A few evenings Inter the same young  lndy, who had overheard the conversation, beheld the joung man seeking an  introduction and asking If he night  bave the honor, etc.  "No, thank you," she replied. "I may  be a cart, but I am not a donkey cart!"  A GIbnii Cement.  A slinp'n jet strong lenient mny be  made lo it.-e lu mending glass and  CKil'ienn ire by diluting the white of  nn iv- in ii�� bi'-lli or wnter. Beat up  thoi i.ighlr. then Pi lng to the conslst-  ��>'i"j uf. il.ln paste, .with powtieied  qn'( 1 1't.ie It in��-.t lie Used Immediately or It will lose Its virtue.    '��� >  ���    *. Crlrbct DoiTllmr; *;   '   f>��.  A fast cricket bowler ordinarily doll, eis n ball at a pace of a little over  elghlj  feet u second, or ubout sixty  miles an hour.  IMitn  nml   Pnnfl.  You can tell moie about the quality  of the hoii'-.ekeeplng fiom the condition  of the kettles and pans in the kitchen  than fioui the w.iv the emplie fuinl>  tmu is aiunged iu tbe parlor.  A lecipo is not a cake  MINARD'S LfflMEHT Believes Neuralgia.  The Jews in Germany nio con .idei-  ably peiploxed that their numbers  aro iecoding in the Fatherland.  chop, per ton, S2S; barley chop, $2-1;  mixed barley and oats, $26; chop  screenings, 513.50; oil cake, $3t).  OATS���There is very little doing in  tho ont market. Offerings are ample  for all requirements here, and as  the export demand is quiet, tliere is  not much doing. Prices for No. 2  white arc firmer and lc higher. Feed  grades are unchanged. Wo quote :  No. 2 white, 'II to 42c por bushel,  for car lots on track here; feed  grades, 37 to 38c. At country points  farmers are getting 31 to 34c for  No. 2 whito oats.  BARLEY���All offerings aro now being taken for feed at 4.0c per bushel.  Tho movement is very light,  SPELTZ���Dealers are doing a littlo business in speltz for feeding purposes at 50c por bushel of Solbs.  HAY���Demand is fair and the market steady at 57 to $8 per ton for  carlots on track hero for fresh baled.  POULTRY���Spring chickens, 10 to  45c per pair, alive; fowl, 70 to Toe;  ducks and geese, 9c por pound; tui-  keys, lie, live weight.  BUTTER��� Creamery���Factories li c  turning out considerable quantities  of butter, for which thoro is a good  market. Choice grades aro wo.'th  !',_ to 17c por pound at fnctoiy  I omts.  L'i'T'JER���Dairy���Receipts are mjd  o'liii-lv i<"ge, and tho m i l.o1 is  steady Considerable quaur ics ��������'  paying 13c per pound Ior choicest  dairy in tubs or boxes, nnd from  that liguio the market ranges down  to 10c per pound for low giades, all  commission basis  CHEESE���The markot is steady  and purchases have boon mude at  8_c per pound. Tho lange or pi ices  is from 8Jc to 9c por pound delivered here.  EGGS���Receipts aio moderate, and  the market holds at 13c per do/on  far choice case eggs delivered in Winnipeg.  DRESSED MEATS���Receipts aie  impioving, and tho market is easy.  We quote Beef, city dressed, 7J to  8Jc per lfc.; veal, 8 to 9c, mutton,  9c; spring lambs, each, S3 50 to ��4  hogs, per pound, 7J to 8Jc  should try Dodd's Kidney Pills.  The consumption of tea in the  United Kingdom exceeds that of ail  other Ktiropcnii countries and the  United States put together. During  the 17 years from 1S84 to 1900 if  has risen from 173 million lbs. to  2.">0 millions, an increase of 43 per  cent.  Geraniums bloom most satisfactorily when grown in comparatively  small pots and soil which is termed  rich, but is not rank with excessive  innnuic.  Very many persons dio annually from  cholera and kindred summer discuses,  who might have boon saved if proper  lemeilii'M Iind lieea used, ll* attacked do  not delay in getting a bottle of Dr. J.  I). Kellogg's Dysentrv Cordial, the medicine tlint never fails to effect a curo.  Tlioso who have used it sny it acts  promptly, nnd thoroughly, subdues the  pain and disease.  The sun's light is equal to 5,."i03  wax candles at ono .foot from the  eye. It would take 800,000 full  moons to equal cloudless sunshine.  THE OGILVIE FLOUR MILLS. CO., LTD.  TRUE AS GOSPEL  because the statement is unimpeachable : If a suck or barrel, of flour  bears the mark "Ogilvie's"'you may  lely on its f.bsoiiito purity, excellence and nutrient qualities when it  i.s your desire to have good bread���  antl who doesn't want that ?���be sure  to order Ogilvie's flour.  sy iiotai. wahraut  Millers to H.R.H. thc Prlnoe of Wales  St4f wr & f*Cc&>f 'foul' fe4oUve��u, mtS  IMPERIAL MAPLE SYRUP  Tho quality nt an dard from Ocean  t<*  Ocean.   Your monoy lmck if not  satisfactory. -  ROSE & LAFLAMME, Acts., MONTREAL  HALCYON BOT SPRINGS, B. C.  Without question tho best and  most, effective springs ln Canada for  thu cure of rheumatism, Icldnty or  liver troubles. Tho medicinal qualities of the water are unequalled.  Splendid hotel accommodation ; flm  ashing and hunting. An Ideal opofc  for tha invalid.  The annual birth rate in'European  lUissia is 46.3 por thousand and the  death rate only 33.6' which results  in an annual surplus of births of  over 1,600,000.  " Hello 5"  ���   Looking for a good Cigar ?  "Yes."   Well, try a���  -   It will fill the "bill." ^   -  GEO. F. BRYAN & CO WINNIPEG  '������r':V!,'p'V':^C;iV/&j;;'\^VV':'4V.^''V''.f,i.  :!?&;^:/&^&K'-v-w^\<::^.  Lever's Y-Z (Wise Head. Disinfectant  Sonp Powder dusted, in tlie bath softens  the water at the samo timo that it disinfects. 10  In some parts ot" South Africa  much damage is dono by baboons,  which go in laige maiauding pintles  to 10b gardens  LIVE  STOCK  CATTLE���Tlie export mo-veniont of  lange cattle is increasing, and a fair  movement has been noted this wcok  The tattle aro in fine" corTditioii���ribw7  nnd as the markets aie right, a lapid  movement may be lookod foi The  Manitoba cattle are not so fnt as  those fiom the west, especially the  steers." Choice export steei s fi om tho  western ranges aie worth 4Jc per  pound ofT cars in Winnipeg, butchers'  cattle, 3J to 4c.  SHEEP���Receipts- nto moderate  and prices range from 4 to 4Jc per  pound, oil cais, Winnipeg Lambs  nro worth 3J to lc  HOGS���Live hogs arc coming in  fiecly. nnd tho maiket is easy at  Oie off cars here  MILCH COWS���Cows are senrco  Good milkers readily biing $15 in  this mniket, the range being from  $83 to ?45 ench  llir. URIOHTEST FLOWERS must  fade, but voung lives endangered bv sov-  eie coughs ana colds may be preserved  by Dr   Thomas   Eclectrtc Oil Croup,  whooping cough bronchitis, in short all  affections of the threat and lungs, nre  lohevod by this sterling Drepaiatlon,  which also lcmedios rheumatic pains  sores hiuisos piles, kidney difficulty, and  is most economic  A Now Yoik paper has been 'nvesti-  gating the Foui Ilundied, and prints  a number oi receipted bills -if the  last century showing that a Stuyvc-  sant sold handkerchiefs; a Oepey-  ster, beans, a Rhinelandec, hats, a  Drevoort, pewter spoons, a Beekman,  molasses, and a Roosevelt, lampblack.  It is remarkable that the ��� United  States, which began its little war  some time beforo the British, is still  hammering away in the Philippines  The old countiy is not so slow as  some "drefllc smart" peoplo suppose  ���Scottish American  Chronic Derangements of tno Stomach,  Liver and Blood aro speeddv rcmo\ed bv  tho active principle of the ingredients entering into tho composition of Parmeleo's Vegetablo Pills. These pills act specifically on tho dorangod organs, stimulating to action the dormant energies of  the system, thereby removing disease and  renewing lifo and vitality to the mulcted  In this Hon tho great secrot of the popularity of Parmelce's Vegetable Pills  A treatment highly leconi mended  by a scientific maga7ine for poison-  ng from ivy is to wet a slice of  bread with water, dust it with common washing soda and apply it to  eruption, keeping the bread wet fiom  tho outside. Half an hour of this  treatment is said to be a sure cuio.  Lobr Service.  In the commune of Idaai'denidecl, in  Holland, a woman has just died who  wus for seventy-four yen is lu the service of the same fjinlly, llrst as nurse-  girl, then ns domestic und llunlly as  housekeeper.  Microscopic  Matter.  Pai tides of matter too him II to be  discerned with the n.tkoil oje .Coat;  thiough the atmosphoie and bear. Hkt>  n microscopic fleet,'uncountable mil'  lions of organlims w hose combined attack suliices to render a large fraction  of thc human race miserable.  Worry!  A pessimist is a man who believes'  that every chestnut has a worm in  it.  There never vvas, and nover will Lo, a'  universal panacea, in one remedy, for all  ills to which flesh is heir���the very na-  turo of many curatives being such that  wero the germs of othor and differently  seated diseases rootod In tho system of  the patient���what vvouid relieve oue ill  in turn would aggravato tho other We  have however in Quinine Wine, when obtainable in a sound unadulterated su te,  a reincdj for many and grievous ill-, By  its gradual and judicious uso the frailest  systems aro led into convalescence nnd  strength b> the influeiiLe which Quinine  exerts on nature's ovvn rostoratives It  relieves tho drooping spirits of those  with whom a chronic state of morbid  despondency and luck ot inteiest in life  is a disease, anil, by tinnquili/ing the  nerves disposes to sound and refreshing  sleep���Imparts vlfjor to the action ot the  blood, which, being stimulated, coi.rsos  throughout tho veins, strengthening tlio  healthy animal functions of tho si stem,  thereby making activity a neie&snry re-  sult.strengtlicning tho frame, and giving  life to tho digestive organs which naturally demand increased (.ubstanco���result,  unproved appetite Northrop &. Lyman,  of loronto, have given to tho public  their superior Quinino Vvino at fie usual  rate, and, gauged by the opinion of  scientists, tins vvino approaches nearest  perfection of any jn the market All  druggists sell it  The goats of Naples go upstairs into    tenement_houses    to be milked,  sometimes to   the (,i\Ui    or sleuth-  stotics.  MINABB'S LIMENT Cam Mnt  When the ofhccholder loses ins gup  he does less handshaking  Ciystali/ed nitiogen is one of the  gientest chemical cuiiosities. By  cooling nitiogen gas down to 367  dcgiees below the nco7ing point, und  then allowing it to expand solid  snowlike ciystals nie formed  AsK for tKo Octagon Bar.  As I'nrinvtcp'H \ egotnblo Pills contain  Maidiiik,. ������d Dandelion, tliev cuic Liver  und Ividnev complaints with uiiurrlnc  ..:'.nlnlV''hoy nlso contain Hoots ��nS  Herbs which hnvo spoclfit, vntuoi tn.lv  wonderful In their nctlon on the stomach  ��h','.ir-2"eIs Ml. K A falmcross.  Mmkc-Micnie, wntes- "I mnsidcr Pnrm-  elce s Pills nn excellent remedy foi 1)11-  loiisness and Derangement of the Liver  having used them m.solf foi some time '���  The Salvation Aimy cluims that  no di voice has boon granted to any  ono married under its auspices m tho  So j-eais of its existence.  W   N   ir. No. S89  It is inteicsting to recall that tho  news of the fall of Sobastopol i fuelled England on a Monday (10th Sept"'  1855) It 'was conveyed by *c<oi?!,s'  to the Queen at Balmoral, and ��he  caused a huge bonfire to bo kindled  on the summit of Craigowan. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY- SEPT. 20,- 19UQ '-  NCW  On Wednesday we opened tho very  newest and smartest designs  and styles ln Flannel 'Waists that we have yet seen.  Thoy como la stripes In very handsome colorings.  They are perfect Mttng and In tho "Gibson" style.  Prices Run $4.00 to $5.00.  Ono style���the "Marlboroug h"-ls confined to   us   for   Vancouver.  5fou should see lt.  (Successor to Scott *�� Kennedy)  303 Hastings Street,       Vancouver, B. C.  Ladies and Gentlemen will  find our stock complete.  We want your business.  Give us a call.  TIIE PATERSOA1 SHOE CO., LB  301 Hastings St.  THEWS OF THE -LABOR WORLD  CANADA.  Oil has befii struck at llillsboro,  M. 13.  Mic.i mining is active in the Ottawa  district, and the demand Is quite eiiunl  ���lo the arodueiion.  A large number of shanty men have  left Ottawa for the bush. The duiniiiul  1or men exceeds the supply and wages  are the highest in years.  The b.-.ibois of Helleville huve formed  �� union for the purpose of getting belter  jirlces for their work. Hair cutting has  advanced five eonl->. whisker trimming  liw cents, razor honing ten cents.  Toronto Junction vvill shortly be supplied with electrical powei by tho  Jlumber Tower company, the wires for  which are now being strung. The  council has agreed to accept electric  light from the r.oinpany. commencing  October 1.  The following oillcers were elected  Inst Saturday by the Sandon Miner's  Union: President, John Manning; vlce-  jiresldent, Thomas Fox; financial secretary, A. Shilland; treasurer. James  "V. Martin; recording secretary, M. S.  -Caine; conductor. .1. H. McNeill, warden, David Keir; iinunee comnilltee,  C E. Lyons, M. S. Caine, and Con  Stewart.  >��� The carpenters employed on the  "..Hillsborough 'Bridge, near Charlottetown, P. j_., thc const!uctlon of which  as being rapidly pushed forward, have  Iind an lnctensc in their wages, the  minimum wage per day now being  51.75 and tho maximum $2.50. Unskilled  laborers on the above work have also  Jiad an increase, the minimum being  {I.iiO and the maximum  .1.75.  The newly-elected ofllcers of the Slo-  ���can Miners' Union are: President, XV.  H. Davidson; vice-president, W. H.  .Ferguson; financial secretary, D. 11.  O'Neal; recording ceretary, Geo. F. Clement; conductor, Ralph Gillette; warden, C. Snyder; trustees, W. Ferguson,  TVed Carlisle, Geo. Nichol; executive,  G. IS'ichol. J. V. Purvlnnce, K. Webster,  J>. B. O'Neal; finance committee, O. Nichol. T.' H. Tobin, J. H. Skinner.  UXITKD STATES.  The marine ungineera of Portland  Jiave gone on strike 150 strong.  The bottlers of San Francisco now  liave nine union shops in that city.  Cooks and waiters in Pittsburg, ICiin.,  ���wont on strike for butter conditions.  ���Tiie-Blogie-triist-lias-buen-formally  launched with a capital of .u,S00,000.  Tlie eight-hour dny is observed in  Higginsville, Mo., on all city contracts.  The American Labor Union line established an odicial organ, to bu published  at lltitto, Mont., for the present.    It i.s  IB������������������������������!����������  Tbe Salt  1 of Li  is business. We want moro of  it. We'll get il if nn out and out  bargain will fetch it.  Mow Is This  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottlo  or  Fountain Syringe  75c.  ! The Movrell, Atkins,  Watson Co., Ltd. Liability;  stilted that the new journal already  hus ."1,000 .subscribers.  Slielbyvtllc, Ind., council enacted an  ciglit-liour law. Laborers get If 1.(15 per  day.  Trade unionists of Lawrence, Mass.,  are going to put a labor ticket in the  lield.  UlnckMiiillis in Amsterdam, X. Y.,  work nine hours, which they obtained  through organi/Kition.  Sixteen now unions have been added  to the roster of the stationary firemen  during the past (iO days.  The coal hlrikors arc showing excellent spirit and declaring that they can  easily stnv out until Christinas.  Five hitnilred Indian hop pickers arc  on strike at North Yakima. They demand .1.23 a day instead of $1.  The lathers of l.os Angeles are on  strike I'or tlio recognition of their union  and to prevent the giving of work to incompetent hoys.  I government property, a surplus so large  that it suffices besides to cover nearly  half the expenditure for the army and  navy.  From returns recontly published it  appears that a very large proportion of  the women in the Kast-end of London  earn their own livelihood. In tho  borough of Stepney, while 90,659 males  are engaged in various occupations, no  less than 40,-Hli women and girls work  for tlieir living. On tho other hand,  strange to sny, there arc more males  than females in the borough, a fact  which ia unique, for in most cases tho  females outnumber tho males. As n  mutter of fact, the excess of mules ia  as much an -',823. Under ten years of  ngc there nro 210 moro females, but over  ten years tho mules outnumber the  females, by ;j,0:>".  UNAXSWKiaULK QUESTIONS OF  THK BIXULK TAX.  Does not thc present system of taxation encouritgu speculators to hold  land idle?  ls it wise to tux factories and their  products, when thu consumer pays the  tux with interest added?  Is it right or just to tax tlio man who  improves his- land moro than the man  who does not improve it?  If wc fine a man only once for robbing  a hen roost why should wo lino a man  every year for building a house?  If the value of land is produced by  the community why should that value  go into the private pockets?  Is it just?  Why not collect our water tax in tho  general levy and thus mnke ltinil  speculators pay for water which  increases the price ot their land?  Why tux our necessaries (ourselves)  when'our commercial income���ground  rents���(now absorbed by landlords) is  more than ample for public revenue?  Is it right or just to tax ourselves to  defray the cost of public improvements  which put money into the pockets of  land and franchise speculators only?  JIIUTISU AXJ) EOREIGN.  The Glasgow Trades Council are  arranging for a demonstration with the  view of stimulating interest in the  problem of the better housing of the  working classes.  Edinburgh masons have asked for a rise  in wages^of }.id. per hour with a year's  agreement.'- Some of the leading firms  liave already granted tlie increase. The  building trade in Edinburgh shows signs  of revival.  The Cork Land ami Labor association  have passed resolutions asking the  government to introduce a short bill to  enable .state funds to bo devoted in a  liberal manner towards rcafforesting the  country ami declaring that no scheme  of compulsory purchase would he  satisfactory unless it included live-acre  allotments for the laborers.  At Dowlais recently, several thousand  miners observed holiday and were  addressed by J. Keir Hardie, M P., and  others. Thu meeting passed nresolution  declaring its determination to secure the  eight hour day by legal enactment or  otherwise and hoping thatthcemployers  would sec tlie wisdom of conceding the  principle in the next general agreement.  The unnual conference of the AVestcrn  District Miners' Association of AVales,  representing from 15,000 to 20,000 men,  has been held at Swansea. Mr. T. J  Cyminer, the president, appealed to the  miners to place tho strongest confidence  in the leaders. A resolution- declaring  adherence to a iixed minimum wage,  conciliation board witli an independent  chairman, eight hour day, old ngc etc.,  wus unanimously passed.  TlieWstonrbf holding "an annunl~guln  dny for Lanarkshire miners was  resumed recently after an interval of  twenty years. The gala was held nt  various centres in celebration of the  adoption of the eight hour day in the  country. Resolutions were passed in  favor of amendment of the workmen's  compensation act, lubor representation  in parliament, thc butter regulation of  unskilled lnbor in mines, better  inspection of mines, nntl the  nationalization of land, railways, mines,  nnd minerals.  Dr. Adolph Wagner, writing on the  public debt of l'rustia in the North  American Review, brings out into relief  the remarkable fact, too often ignored by  the public that owing to lier ownership of state railways Prussia need not  apply one penny of her taxes to her  statu debt, though tliis debt amounted in  1900 to ��410,000,000, not reckoning the  sinking fund. Whereas in England the  national debt entails a charge of nbout  12s. lid. a head of the population, in  Prussia, as in the whole of Uermany,  the money is paid entirely from tho  surplus of state   railways   and   other  VOTE TO-DAY  For the by-laws. See to lt that the  dty owns the breathing spaces in tne  east end, Mount Pleasant and the English Bay water front. Provide a gymnasium, for the younger citizens. You  owe lt to your family to do so.  C. Ellis, corner Cambie and Cordova streets, is the place you can get  your hair cut in an artistic manner.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  Btubles.  OX THE ROAD TO DAMNATION'.  Sonic years ago wc had lhe pleasure  of attending a Baptist revival over in  Allen country, says an exchange.  During thc progress of the service nn old  backslider who had been moving  uneasily under tins exhortation of the  lusty-lunged speaker, groaned out as  though in soul agony and linally  addressed thc congregation, saying:  " Hrothers and sisters, pray for mc! I  feel like I was going siraight to IJell!"  "Glory! Glory!'1 camo from all the  church nieiiibers. "Help mc, brothers  and sisters." continued thu penitent  one, "I know I am on the road to dam  nation!" The congregation folt that  song was necessary and a sturdy backwoodsman spiritedly roared out the  opening lines of the soul-stirring old  hymn:  "If you get there before I do,  Just tell them I'm coming too."  SEATTX.TI NOTES.  (By Our Own  Correspondent.)  "Hold-ups" are as plentiful in tliis  oity as the flowers- in May. If the  newspapers of Seattle would chronicle  all the robbei'fes 'that tnke place each  day and night there would be no room  In the journals tar their long-winded  editorials.        -  Frank Sherwood, a well-known  newspaper man of Whatcom, is in luck.  Mr. Sherwood went to Port Townsend  on business. While climbing a hill  ho found a four-leaf clover. A few  minutes later he was summoned to the  customs house where lie was assigned  to night dutyi at Nelson sub-por,t by  Collector Ide. Sherwood believes in  luck charms now.  The chief of police was recently robbed in Spokane, and as it always does,  Seattle follows suit by having one of  her policemen "held up."  The longshoremen of this city arc  out on strike.  The block butchers claim that they  are winning 't'lielr strike, slow but sure.  The Seattle electric light company  -wlll-put-thclr���wires���underground.   Rumor salth ithat the linemen of Seattle -will shortly demand ..1...0 for  eight hours.  Tho Dally Times issues a noon edition, with big headlines, big cuts, etc.  The way thait paloon 'keepers and  ward heelers run the city ls a disgrace. Saloons and "Joints" where the  police' liave raided, time and time  again, where men have been robbed,  where everything but murder has  been committed, are permitted to run  wide-open and even are allowed u  brass band to attract the poor fellows  with money. It is a case of "The  Spider and the Fly," But do tho owners of these Joints cut up the profits'.  Something Ir wrong In .the miina.se-  ment of the city government of Seat-  tie.  Alf. James, well known to music hall  lovers in Vancouver, has "caught on"  splendid In Seattle at the Comique. We  admire his work. As a character artist, his work in this city tiaA never  been equalle!.  MAKR A MOTION AT THB NEXT  MEETING OF YOUR UNION TO INSTRUCT THE SHCIITARY TO COMMUNICATE THE NEWS CONCERNING YOUR CRAFT TO THE INDEPENDENT.  Meeting.  F. O. B.���VANCOUVER AERIE, No. 0  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren welcome.    Bert Parsons, W.  P.; J. G. Ure. W. S., Arcade.  Advertise ln The Independent.  Evening classes for instruction in  Technical Drawing and Arithmetic re-  quircd by urticans and others, including Enginoeis, Filters, Patternmakers,  Boilermakers', Cabinet Makers, Carpenters, Joiners, Tinsmiths, Plumbers, etc.,  arc held at  419 Hastings Street  (In the room behind the Northern Pacific oflice.) ',  Tuesday and Thursday Evenings  Between. 7:30 and 9:30.  Furtlii-r particulars may be obtained  either on pcrronal application or by  letter addressed to  DAVID  BLAIR,  Science and Art Master.  Normal School.  oooooocoooocoooooooooooooc  Q Having the Only Up-to-Dntc Grill Room ft  Q in B.C. which iu Itself Ih u guarantee O  Q of nPirat-Chibs Hotel ami Restaurant. .   Q  OOOOOOOOOCOOOOOGOOOOOOOOOC  Seymour Streeet,  J. D. Murray, Bakerj'Qias  broken his agreement with  the Bakers' Union and his  shop is now non-union.  Union men will govern  themselves accordingly.  F. BARTLE,'  Secretarv.  SNIDER'S SB1��E STORE  632   GRANVIT/T.K   STREET,  Carries a full line of  UNION LABEL SHOES.  The   Union   Label   guarantees   fair  wages and good workmanship.  No scab labor.  PHONE I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of work in this line promptly attended to.  | :   GEO. HAY   : |  A     Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes     A  V     Renovator, makes a milt new.      Y  X Dyeing and Repairing. T  j^        210 CAMWE Bt., Vancouver.        a  Soososooooooeoeeooooeooaeo  1    DELICIOUS WBNE   ��  Made Exclusively from B. O. Fruit.  FRE8H CUT FLOWER8.  UNION-MADE   9  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  Whon making a trip around tho  Park call on  W. B�� Jones Brocktt,? Pomt  Llghthotuo  eoMoeoeooeoosoeoa  i  Gold at a Discount  i  ,1  i  I  t  i  Is no more a Bargain, than a \f  #65 Cleveland Bicycle at #45.    ..  ii  We have Just a limited number of   both  Ladies'- and" Gent's   jjj  Models���1901 make���regular J65.00 wheels, whioh go while they last  at $15.00.  This ls the greatest wheel bargain ln years.-  ^ 7  126 Hastings St. \\  SOLE AGENT  Hardwood Mantels  Of the Latest Designs Just Arrived.-  We are sorry to have kept you waiting for this lot, 'but wo know lt will pay  you as they are a beautiful collection.  Sole agents for thc Dawson Beauty Grates.  An expert Tilo Setter to placo Tiles, otc.  Show room second floor.  cLennan,  McFeely & Co*  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouvor, B.C.  Phone 1003. -  Thc middle of September Is past, the skies at this writing nre lemlcn  and thc steady down-pour of ra In makes us think of the long winter  ahead of us. If you havo to bu y a RAINCOAT do not wait until all tho  best ones havo beon picked out. Come ln now and make a selection and  we'll help you to the hest of ou r ability.  UMBRELLAS���These two s hould Interest you���our Umbrella department Is just loaded with all kinds and styles just waiting for you to  come ln and reduce thc stock a bit.  ^��S-BNSTON, KERFGOT <6�� CO.  104- and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk More 12? Hastings SI., 0|ib. Wm. Bnlbh's.  KELLY, DOUGLAS & O  WHOLESALE GROCER.'.!.  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. CL  {J3_T Headquarters for   Domestic and flm-  |>orted Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  E��R  SEVERAL   REASONS.  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES,  ���s"[,RAC!0!iS'  ��  t  $ LOGGERS' SI  |. BLACK'UHTIIS' SUPPLIES; *  I* SAW HILL SUPPLIES, ETC.  i -  Because  we have  the stock to   2 .  supply you-the ibest. $  Because our attention will assure ''������'  ���best service.       , ��� S*i  -  - 4^.-  ,.because ive can -save you time . ���*(  '"���  arid money. *'  Because one order is a step to-   <ti  wards a permanent customer.      ^i  9  339 Hastings Street.  a^i��H(^!(*;!f^S(*H(^$#H^Hf#^*��ie^K^*5K^K^I^ie^i{*5K��JK^>e��  (?/j��������'aS��������^^  ���"The Beer without Peer"���makes dellBlittul drinking.  Raise your glass and drink with  as  this  delectable,    amber-colored  beverage this king of drinks���this  health-giving,   sparkling liquid.of  crystal purity thnt clears the cobwebs from tho brain���sends. warm,  rich  iblood   bounding   through one's veins���puts ono in a kindly mood.  It chases away the cares of business.  It furnishes humor that sh akes one's sides. .    '       ' '���   .  It warms the very cockles of one's heart, nnd brings . to' life thc  hotter side of one's nature, made dormant, by the exatlons of this too  strenuous age.      * '. . "'  ���Fill up your glass again and drink with us tills Canadian-made  Beer ��� this Vancouver - made beer���brewed right here in Vancouver In  a modern plant owned and operated by Vnncouvcrltes employing'local  capital and local help, paying out many thousands of dollars annually  In wages and for local material s���money which ilnds its way back Into  the pockets of our own fellow- townsmen.  But It ls not upon the strength of loyalty to home institutions that  wo' ask your patronage���rather upon  tho intrinsic worth   ot    Cascade  In a few short months Cascade, by sheer worth, has forced  Itself  right up at tho head of the procession until to-day lt stands   ���������^��� "The Beer-wlthout-a-Peer." = ��� --.-  SXS>(��Xs)����SXs)����<^^  , ���who has a long experience ln washing flannels knows  Just how to launder tliem so as to  make them clean and keep .'.hum  soft and anshrunken.  We have women to do thiu work  ' ���they do It all l>y hand and do  nothing else���they have become  experts.  PIONEER  Steam Laarcdry  Phone 348.'910 - 914 Ricbardb Rt  Downtown Ofpicb, No. 4 Akcade;  WHITr  HELP  ONLY.  Parcels called for and delivered.  Advertise ln The Independent  I    ',  W Take No Chances  9  Tou cannot afford to neglect r  ' your eyesight when you know 9  thnt toy coming to us you can get  a pair of Glasses to suit your  eyesight perfectly. Let Mr. Allan,  our doctor of optics, examine  your eyes and give you the glass  you need.'* Examination-free.  ������  DAVIDSON BROS.,  Tha Jewelars and OpHclam,  144 Cordova M.  !  ��������������������������������������������

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