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The Independent Sep 27, 1902

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Array - legislative Lite*/ Mar. S_|��l  ro.  THE  ROYAL  BANK  OF  CANADA  . . SAVINGS   BANK . .  Ifc General Banking BuBlnsss  Transacted.  OFFICES���Hastlnga   Street,   W���  draaimliister Avenue, Vancouver.  B. C. PERMASEAT LOAN AM  SAVINGS CO.  Authorized Capite! -   .10,000,000  Subscribed Capital -  ���   1,600,000  Absotb Over  ....     liOO.OOO  Head Office, 321 Cambio Street,  Vancouver, B. C.  \  ' l!  ��� il  VOL. 6.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1902.  NO. 1.  Best Defense of  Trades Unionism  JRalph Smith, RJ. P., Makes a Brilliant Yet Moderate Speech  at the Berlin Banquet���The Subject of War Discussed���Arbitration and Conciliation���Protection���W. D. Mahone, Chairman.  J  " ���There was published in the Berlin  2STews-Record an account of a speech  delivered by Ralph Smith, M. P.. at a,  ibanquet held dn honor ot the trades  congress which recently met In that  r city. It Is stated that those who heard  lit eay It was a master-piece, the like  of which was never befoie made by any  champion of labor In the Dominion of  Canada. Tho banqueting hall was  .crowded to the doors by representatives  of all classes. It appeal's that Dr.  I_aclcner, M. P. P. for Berlin In the  Ontario legislature, had just made a  speech extolling the claims of a high  .protective tariff as being ln favor o��  tlie Industrial classes. This aroused  Mr. Smith as a slumbering lion and he  at once' entered Into nn attack upon  this  doctrine. ���  Mr. W. D. Mahone, president of the  International Street Railway . Men's  Association, and one of the principal  organizers of the A. F. of L., presided  at the function.  Mr. Smith spoke as follows: It was  altogether out ot place to make  A Critical Speech  u  at any banquet, but the doctor, who  proceeded him, must remember that he  (had set a bad example and, Iri Mr.  Smith's opinion, had taught a bad doctrine. He had intimated with pleasure  *hat the workingmen of Berlin putron-  dzed his medical establishment and partook of his drugs to a greater extent  - than any other medical man was pat-  xonized In that place. 'This might be  Itrue, said Mr. Smith, but he hoped lhat  they-would take small doses, If any at  alii,,of the mixture that the doctor-had  ' Just prescribed to th'em. (Applause.)  Protection to Jndusirlos was no part  of the labor men's political piogrammo.  They did   not   believe ��� for one minute  - that they could be made rich by any  principle of taxation. And ln his ex-  jiQricnce tthe  employers '"  Desiring High Protection  ns a rule wore the very Individuals who  protested most strongly against any  degree of protection In favor of the industrial classes. A measure of protection was always the measure of advanced prices for th'e article protected  If producers were not consumers pio-  tectlon might mean something to them.  (Applause.) He continued along these  lines of argument on this theme, which  astonished the doctor. Then he went  on to defend tho principles of trades  unionism. In emphasizing tills point  lie arose to the occasion by malting a  splendid defence for. the above, and  -while it was. that, it was important  also to the labor world of-the dominion  as it expressed the opinion of the retiring president of1 the congress on  The Subject of War,  this being the' flrst public utterance  Mr. Smith has given to his convictions.  In his prefatory words he brought out  the idea that as the delegates arc gathered theie to further the interests of  -ithe-woi'kinainuii-of-the-doiiilnion,-so-it  Is the duty of the members of the par  llament o�� Canada to promote and enact legislation for the good of the do-  auinion, and nol to confine or limit their  efforts to any one province. Only those  mien can rank as statesmen who are  jnen of broad views���men big enough  to look beyond thc boundary lines of  their ovvn constituency. The narrow  provincialism was decried as unfitting  men wlio aspire to occupy the seats  of honor and power and contended that  ihe would have no right li further Interests of British Columbia, If by so  doing he would Interfere with the  Progress of the Dominion  as a whole, nnd every demand mnde in  favor of tlie province or to he based  on the principle of being good for the  ���whole dominion. The narrow, bitter  soctionlsts are not tho men to build up  Canada or any other country; what Is  needed is men as big In mind as our  country is great and rich In possessions. (Applause.) He, expressed sincere joy at seeing the race cry agitation of old, eliminated from the politics  tand deliberations of the men who make  the laws1 and took It as a good "omen  of that solidification of interests necessary to the progress of tho country. He  was sorry to know that this same narrow spirits of self and sectionalism possessed nt times the minds of employees as well as employers. "Get all you  can, demand all you can, but on the  other hand, never break your contract; play the man and always make  the employer feel that you are a reasonable man." (Applause.) The establishment of such a relationship will  tend very greatly to the compliance of  tho '  Workers' Demands,  If they are reasonable. The strength  of the demands of tiades unions must  in every case be measured by public  sympathy. They are tlie Impai'tiul  Judges, and hTmost cases judge fairly.  He deprecated the revolutionary sentiments advocated by so-called reformers  and advocated trades unionism���not as  a socialistic, Utopian idea, but as a  practical remedy for actual existing  condidtions. Trades unions w��ie the  regulators of tlie operations of capital  by demanding better terms and forcing  legislation .in their interests. In  lluenced probably by the charges made  against him a few days ago he made  a Stirling appeal for loyalty to tlieir  leaders, on the part of the rank and  file. The tyranny of the mass of workers over their champions he classed as  to  worse than the tyranny of capital ovor  labor. (Applause.) Capital Is harmonious and stands in a solid phalanx behind its advocates; labor classes divide  and swerve. He prayed that they  vvouid trust their ' leaders as capital  does its; that a spirit'of  Charity and Tolerance  s  should rule their actions and that they  should learn If the leaders are to fitly  lead they must be fitly trusted. He  had ,been in .England this past summer, and has.studied the different aspects and results of the -war ln South  Africa. Every blow that has been  struck there is being paid for by the  industrial classes of the empire, While  the ministeis of government were lauding the work of the colonial troops, the  mechanic, the bread-winner of England, was cursing the war for forcing  from him additional taxes, that he can  ill afford to pay to provide the sinews  of conflict. He had no hesitation In  saying that the operatlons.of war were  against the best interests of the working classes. In being put on record, he  did not wish to be classed as a pro-  Boer or to question  The Justice of the War, ���  but he maintained that all the strength  of a nation lies not In Its artillery and  power of war, but In the happiness and  prosperity of the producers of the  country, that so did it bring an unjust  burden upon that large proportion of  the population. (Cheers.) He did not  disparage the dominion's action in  sending out men to South Africa, but  he~pointed~out_that-as_producers��� the"  wage earners had to pay for it. He declined there is not a working man in  England but would sign a charter cancelling all the military operations in  South Africa, as the burden falls so  heavily upon him. Taxes are higher  and cost of living higher than ten years  ago and . wages lower. The trades  unions do not want war, but they  want  Arbitration and Conciliation.  It Is possible' after cool deliberation on  the' lcnsons ns given for the great war  In South Africa it will be found that  It was' originally created In favor of  British capitalistic exploiters In that  country, and not in the lntercstB of tho  poor or downtrodden class. (Applause.)  Even the fundamental objection of the  Britishers in South Africa, namely, the  natuie of the grunted franchise whon  rightly considered was as extensive nnd  as liberal as tine British government nre  prepared to give to tholr own subjects.  In nny caso let warfare bo the last resort. In labor conflicts trades unionists would be considered very un 'eason-  able If they brought on an industrial  war, and thus brought distress to the  people without iflrst using every means  of conciliation or arbitration for a settlement of the case. To his mind the  same principle held good ln the  AVars with Nnl Ions,  which were many more times ns cxtcn-  Bive. (Applause.) Governments 'were  supposed to represent thc people und  ought hy all means to set a nobler example. But he was afraid that whilst  they were ready to enter into national  conflict at tremendous cost to the people in favor of the rich few they wero  always slow to even protest, much less  than light for the imposition of com  bined capital against the rights of the  masses, and trades unionists should  keep cool' heads and consider the cost,  for they have always to pay the bill.  He was glad that militarism was comparatively a matter of small concern  in Canada. (Applause.) No doubt if a  few pensioned soldiers' In this country  had their way, tremendous expense  would be thrown upon the people of  this  dominion  for   the  Equipments of Warfare.  In England the llrst anxiety was for  their strength of Implements of war.  We are free fiom this rancorlng consideration and wanted to remain so.  And this ought to be the watchword of  trades organizations. Mr, Smith went  on to show the great benefits of trades  unions and showed that the present  remedy vas by such, and appealed to  labor men to work along these lines  He concluded by telling his hearers a  story told to him by John Burns, M. P.,  who was Invited and took part in a  very Important cricket match at one of  the large asylums in the city of London.   There were  Some 3,000 Lunatics  under  the    control    of  half    a dozen  guards present to witness   the   game.  When the sports were over the chief  t  warden  conducted   Mr.  Burns  avouud  the institution. Looking upon the large  crowd of patients���strong, robust men  as they vvere���Mr. Burnfi remarked;  "Are you not afraid that these fellows will organize almost any day to  kill you?" "No," said the chief warden, "lunatics never organize. That is  impossible. We have nothing to fear  from that point of view. Men must  be capable," said he-, "of thought and  the importance of united action to organize. Lunatics are always completely "disunited." (Laughter and great applause.) ,  The speechi of Mr. Smith occupied  about three-quarters of an hour and  the N audience were most enthusiastic  for lilm to continue. He resumed his  seat amid great applause, lasting for  some minutes. When he could be  heard Mr. Mahone .called for thic  cheers for Mr. Smith, and declared that  was the best defence of trades unionism  that he had ever heard, and that lt  should be piinted verbatim and sent all  over the American continent.  HUE EXPLOSIONS.  Andrew Roy, mine Inspector of Ohio,  says:  "Explosions ln mines are never  caused by the fault of the miners; for  it the mining laws of the several mining states were enforced and obeyed  THERE COULD NOT BE AN EXPLOSION." _,  Lionel Brough, a British mine inspector, lias this to say:  "I avail myself of this opportunity  to say that, after great explosions,  sudden outbursts of gas are- too often  .suggested as the cause of the calamity; again, doors left open, tobacco-  Miioking, lamps tampered with���anything, in fact, except the true cause,  INSUFFICIENT VENTILATION. It  matters but little which may be the  pievaillng danger���firedamp or black-  damp���thorough, searching ventilation,  never neglected, will sweep both or  either thoroughly and speedily away."  J. IC. Blackwell, a British commissioner of mines, has written:  "There is another class of injuries,  resulting from defective ventilation, to  winch miners are exposed. The circumstances producing these injuries are  slow in operation, and, as their effects  being disease and not sudden and im-  t  mediate death, their existence has been  little   consideied   A   careful   examina  tion- grievances should be a reason for  their demands and the misery ou whose  behalf they pleaded should be the justification for everything they did in  this town where labor, inarticulate so  long, had now found a voice and was  determined tliat her grievances should  find expression and be relieved.  (Cheeis.) They might have again to  fight the factory act crusade and they  would resist to the last the Invasion of  an unscrupulous plutocracy. Trade  unionists were seeking, not for gold  and territory, but for thnt human  treasure which exalted the finder and  from its accumulated . wealth spread  benefits, happiness and delight on all  who came within touch of Its fertilizing inlluence.   (Loud  cheers).  GOMPERS A STRONG MAN.  Incidental to 'the western trip of tlie  executive 'council of the A. F. of L.'  comes tlle old story that Samuel Gompers will not be re-elected at the next  convention at New Orleans in December. It is said that the national oflicers of several laige organizations have  already talked the matter over, and  have selected a new man for the head  of the labor movement/ of the country.  The man generally favored is James  Duncan, first vice-president, who, it is  believed, is more aggressive than Mr  Gompers.   "Sam" is used to this chargi  As we look around those loaded shelves  of "bargains" we find lepresented there  an inventory of human 1 grief, disappointment and losses It would be im-  I os&tble to estimate in dollars and  cents.���Ex.  MUST CONTROL THE MACHINE:.  Wm. Hill has said that the nincnine  should not be the muster, but the handmaiden of man; but there ls just perceptible the danger that, unless care is  taken now to guide and befriend and  bind him to ihe side of the people for  ever, the kind but blind giant may be  carried irretrievably captive into slavery by the monopolists, and man's most  powerful and dearest friend may come  to be regarded, and reasonably regarded, by millions of people as their  greatest enemy. ,   .  FROM SALMON ARM  School Inspector Gordon Is making an  ofllcial visit heie.   A new school house  will be located at the upper end of the  valley.  Mr. and Mrs. James Evans have arrived here and will in future occupy  the Turner residence.  of unprogressiveness. The strength of  tlon of the state of mines leads to the��the federation would 'lead one to be-  conclusion that THE ULTIMATE J,IevCi i��-nothing else would, that  LOSS OF LIFE IS GREATER FROMJtheie.s not much ..mog,,. on Us ������,���,_  FROM|(]ent-   Gompers to-day is the strongest  man in the A. F. of L.  THIS  CAUSE THAN EVEN^  EXPLOSIONS."  It is a notorious fact that few coal  miners reach the age of forty in good  health, even though they have the luck  to escape explosions due to bad ventilation or falls of rock due to insufficient timbering; a large proportion ot  them even in early manhood���having  worked In mines as  boys���suffer from  "miners'  asthma,"  or  from  consump-  t i  tion or other lung or    bronchial  dlS'  eases, produced by the breathing of  an- laden with coal-dust and mixed  with poisonous or suffocating gases, as  well as by the lack of sunshine and of  nourishing food to give their, bodies  normal recuperating power. ���  *��� Iii- order to" save iho thousands ot  lives annually sacrificed in mine "accidents" of all kinds it is necessary that  mines should at all times be amply ventilated, that plenty of proper supports  should be supplled.i and that only experienced men should be put in charge  of tlle work. Until workingmen can  muster up courage to run the/govern-,  ment of the country, laws for their  protection will not be enforced.  RALPH SMITH ARRIVES.  The Independent saw ex-President  Ralph Smith of the Trades and Labor  Congress yesterday. As to his objecting to again stand for the presidency,  he said that he had been four yenis  president, desiring to resign the second  term. But thc fact of not having credentials this year made him emphatically refuse the offer to stand. ,  "How about the attendance of delegates?"  "There were double the number of  delegates that had attended any pie-  vlous congress. , In fact lt was Just bc-  cotning an Important Institution, but  I am afraid that the changes made In  the constitution referring to representation will .very materially affect the  next congress. I desire, however, to  permit the new rule to operate without  prejudice, and 191 the results bo known  by experience. The only' way to convince some people of the foolishness of  a course1 Is to let thein run to the end  of it. ,  "My opinion is that tho changes in  tlie constitution on repie.seiitntlon will  now admit none but representatives of  local unions which are connected with  International bodies nnd unions dhectly  chnrleicd by congress not having un  intei national head."  JOHN BURNS SPEAKS.  In addressing the recent .trade union  congress at London, John Burns, M. P.,  sal dthat he hoped that their deliberations would result In a general improvement of the conditions of the  community. Might he suggest that  unity ln the woikshop must be backed  up by affection. In the municipal sphere  and each of them in their respective  spheies was to be supplemented, if they  were to secure the desired social  change, industrial amelioration, and  communal advancement, by the parliament of the United Kingdom? By  the agency of the workshop and the  municipal' authority they could utilize  parliament to develop to the -full the  capabilities of tlie municipality to  lighten the load of the poor. It might  be that they might do worse during the  next few years than copy the tolerant,  practical,  useful work  that  the  labor  HUMAN TREASURE.  John Burns, M. P., said at the congress just closed that in all his experience he had never seen a better  one. Let it maik an epoch in the history of trade unionism. The huge  modern aggregations of wealth were  conspiring to overthrow tlieni and to  Introduce slavery under the mask of  freedom, and oppression under tlie  mask of Industrial freedom. Labor  combinations were to bo smashed. Unscrupulous wealth and undisciplined  monopolies sought to rebarbanze society. Let them resolve that they  would -tolerate no commercial supremacy leared upon human misery. Let  their aim he neither goldflelds nor ter-  11 tory, but that human treasure which  exalteth the finder.  BARBERS' BALL.  The annual ball and supper of the  Barbers' union has been announced for  Thanksgiving night, Thursday, Oct.  16th. It will be a grand masquerade,  and will be held in the O'Brien hall.  Tickets will he, gents', $1.00, ani ladies',  SO cents. [  Sixteen and 11 hnlf cents Is the price  foi'tsalmon adopted by the investigation committee of the fishermen, which  was appointed to look Into this matter.  This price vvas based on the average  pack, In accordance with tho sliding  schedule of prices mutually agreed upon when the fishing began.  Advertise in The Independent.  group of  the London  county    council  had been able to   do In    combination  with the sympathetic men of all  religious  and all  views    of    politics on  those  municipal problems    which  will  not divide them n-s the political problem did.   The union met in London at  a critical time.   Trade was on the decline, wages were   beginning   to (all.  Tho press was more often against trade  unionists  than    foimeiiy.   Parliament  was unsympathetic, and  at this    moment the law wilh heavy .strokes was  descending upon them, not with strict  Impartiality.   (Cheers.)     It   was  challenging  their  light  to  organize,   tlieir  liberty  to picket, or their pi Ivllego  to  persuade.   The  public  opinion   in  certain quartets  was    hardening ngulnst  them.   Theli- business In thut eonst-ess  wns to head oil' the sti cum of reaction  that   was iettlng    In    against    them.  Their duty,  tlielr obligation, and  their  responsibility  vvas  to refute  the libels  and misrepresentations   of the    press  that wore lowering the traditions ot the  British pres3 of years a.go.   Their business' was so lo focus their aim, so to  express their objects that the depth of 1  A CAPITALISTIC VIEW.  It is worth noting in connection with  this 'and other possible shipment!, of  coal from Wales to the United States  that the Welsh miners' unions aie reported imitating the actions of the  western bituminous miners' unions in  sending small contributions of money  to tho anthracite miners' leaders to assist them in maintaining the present  great strike. The piesent strike seems  to be a 'good thing for the soft copl  miners at the west and for the Welsh  and Canadian coal'miners. Just how  long the hard coal mineis will be willing to suffer for tho benefit of theli  quasi friends in this and other countries is a question.���Bradstreets.  "A MODERN SIBERIA."  "A Modem Siberia" is the phrase  President Moyer, of the western Miners' Federation, used lo describe conditions at Fernie, B. C. He returned  from that region io ISLe J_i__f_3 CEoiaS  after settling one of the greau-jt strikes  in the history of the mining industry,  and he declared that the conditions imposed upon the men by the company  weie almost beyond' belief. The 3,000  men were called out for an eight-hour  day, and after a prolonged contest they  won. He says that thc company owns  everything in the entire mining camp  and exercises a tyranny nnd censorship  over all the men do and see. No individual Is allowed to set up any kind of  business. The company even controls  the newspapers the men shall read and ���  forbids certain types of papers.���Ex.  TRUSTS CONDEMNED.  The trades union congress at London  has passed a resolution declaring that  "the growth of gigantic capitalistic  trusts, with their enormous power of  controlling production, is injurious to  tlie advancement ot the working  classes, as by such combinations tho  prices ot commodities are raised, the  standard of comfort of the people can  be" reducedrthe" wm'kmen's-freedoni. eii"  dangered nnd national prosperity menaced."  CO-OPERATIVE BUILDERS.  The Society of Carpenters unci Joiners  of Great -Britain recently took a ballot  of its members upon the question of  whether or not the society should undertake house building on thu co-operative  principle. This shows a largo majority  iu favor of tlio proposal. In various  centres the society will, for llie benefit  of its unemployed nieiiibers, undertake  building work and fto provide the-  capital for tliis tlie members have  agreed to a special levy of Cd. a week  for four weeks, which is estimated will  proJucc about ��0,000. Under the Trade  Union act the society is not allowed in  itself to undertake speculative business  and to get over this it will bu worked by  a special board of management apart  from the society and in connection with  which a new.set of rules has' been  registered under the Iudtibiri.il Societies  Protection act. As a new departure in  the trade union movement, the action ot  the carpenters aud joiners will be  watched witli interrst.  AT THK SAVOY/.  Next week's bill at this cozy playhouse will be the biggest and bjst ever  seen heie. The management has spaied  no expense in engaging such nn array  of talent. The management has for lus  feature-act "The man who mystified  the late Hei maim." Censer, who will  do his wondeiful "trunk mystery." The  charming Lewis sisters, dashing seiio  comic, also the return of the favorite  comedienne, Annie Goldic, the "Gieat  Coon'Shouter," and everybody's favorites, Post and Ashley In one of their  latest comedy cicatlolns entitled "Congenial Neljjhbois." Hay KuulliJid will  sing a f->w of his latest hits. Mackey  and Cuu.v will pien'iu "The man without  ii   Moi row."   Miss    Lillian    Arm-    sluing, the   ehnrnihig   balndist;    May  'I found 11 dime/on the .street-ear the   Walter,'tho w!i"-unie little fliiBLf, and  IMPRACTICAL   SYSTEM.  A_ social system that produces what  is not practical.  A social .system under concentrated  wealth In the hands ot the few is not  jnacticnl.  A social system that puts chlldi en Into factories instead of schools while  their parents aro lett idle, I.s not'prac-  tii'iil.  A social system that causes unrest,  nil Ikes, riots and murder In times' of  alleged prosperity is not practical.���Ex.  othi-r day, which, though not a great  IIml, sol me moralising. Perhaps It wm  the sole bank account of some child win  would experience a greater loss In that  ten-cent piece than all the money that  Carnegie has given away In tho .last ten  >ears. At any rale, this thing I.s true,  that every t'me we discover these great  bargains, or financial gains, some one  else is the lorer. With this idea in  mind, let us visit the second-hand stoic.  last but not lctst, Jenrlc Gliroy, tha  wonderful lady baritone. Jas. F. Tost  ai-.d the Savoy Slock Company will ho  seen In the gieat comedy, "The Sport."  However regrettable llie internecine  troubles of the Ir.ide-unions, tliero  remains tlie consolation that nt the  crucial moment' the opposition of tlie  common enemy vvill force tlieni to make  common cause.  ���'      il  1 ',"  - 1  it - ���     , '  1    -    v tt -  : A. i-\\ y\ ������*"  ''���'  r '������>'���':;'      "> '   ",': BILLY ���  PATTERSON'S  LUCK  By Charles  G. Rogers  Copyright. WW. by thu  11 S. S. Mi'Cluro Company  Billy ratierson, author, was down-  down to 57 cents. When he reached his  room, which w;us Iincli, third lint, oust  siilr, that sanctum was iu gloom. With  n precision born of much practice he  tossed upon his table the umil he iind  fetched from his pigeonhole in the hall.  Then lie lit ills lamp. Thc Illumination  showed him that his aim had fallen  short. One package lay upon the floor.  The envelope was a large one, nnd he  rend at a glance lhe print ut the left  hand top corner. The Stellur Magazine.  "Same old story!" said Billy grimly  nnd with double meaning. lie addressed a framed photograph thut hung upon tlio dingy Wall over his table, thc  picture of a girl with n pair of splendid  earnest eyes, thnt-followed him wherever ho moved within tho confines of  lils little room. He returned the look  for some moments, the gravity of his  unshaven countenance 'melting into n  grim smile.    Then ho blew n  kiss to  .��� UE tiAlP'TllE COINS UPON THB TAlir.E.  the   photograph   nnd   drew   from   Ills!  ...pocket .the remnant of his revenue.  Thore wore eight coins���n qiniiior, n  -dime, four nickels ami two cents. He  laid them upon thu tabic."abstractedly  placing them in elliptical form, with  the (limner for n head niul the dime for  -a tail piece.  "Looks like a comet, looks like a  -snake," he soliloquized, breaking from  his rellectiQiis upon the latent possibill-  :' tics of> 57 cents. lie became suddonly  conscious of a double analogy' between  the form of the row of coins and the  package that still lay upon tlio floor.  A comet was a sort of star, the returned manuscript from The Slellnr Magazine, and the story of the inniuisciipl  was the story of n woman and n snake.  He reflected with some pride lhat ll  was tlie most growsonie thing he had  ever done. He .swept up the coins nnd  stood with puckered brows gating at  the-steadfast eyes of the photograph.  A knock tit his door broke his reverie.  A stout, young Woman, of a business  like countenance, promptly accepted  his monosyllabic .Invitation lo enter.  "I'd like some money, please." she  said, with equal promptness, regarding  with apparent disfavor the youngiiii'.n.  who still had his eyes upon the photo  graph. /      . i  "So would I," replied  the indigent  Mr. Patterson.   He wheeled and confronted the blond collector of hi.s flat.  "You're a week behind," she said so  veroly.  "I can give you 57 cents on nccount,"  responded young Mr. Patterson, and  the coins reappeared. "That's evory  cent I have In the world.", ho .ndded pathetically. The eyes of the young woman not being sympathetic, he turned  his upon those of the picture girl. This  action apparently still further nettled  tlie collector.  "There were two gentlemen," she  said, emphasizing the last word, "look-  1 ing for n room today. They arc ready  to pay $4 for this. 1 sliall rent to them  from tomorrow. Of course you understand If you can't pay up"��� She  glanced significantly at Billy's.shabby  ���trunk:  the floor. As he turned again his eyes  mot those of the girl in the picture Upon the wall. The blood flowed into hi.s  pale face, niul he trembled ns he leaned  with clinched hands upon the table's  edge. Suddenly lie turned and flung  himself, face down, upon his bed. weep  ing with the bitterness of regret and  shame.  When tit last Billy Patterson sprang  j ui). he kicked over his chnlr and paced  the little room liko tin innocent man  lu a prison cell.  "My God," he said, staring upward,  'will the tide never turn?" But he  looked beyond the iron hook this time  straight Into the eyes of the girl.  He flung up tlie window and took n  deep draft of the cold night air. In  tlio deep hlue of the velvet void over  tlie great city of New York the golden  stnrs were shining..  In a frenzy of mingled courage nnd  hope ho hurriedly opened the half doz-  en packages. One by one ho removed  his rejected manuscripts, and one by  one with Increasing violence he flung  the torn covers upon the floor. When,  his hopes driven from cover to cover,  ns lt wero, he had flung down the last  with an oath, he stood moodily staring,  his gaze unconsciously upon the one  unopened package tliat some time before he had kicked aside. Suddenly  aware that Its fortune, good or ill, was  still nn unknown if not unguessed  quantity, ho picked it up. "   ���   ���<  "Small need," he remarked bitterly,  ripping up the package. He laughed  harshly as he drew out what lie recognized at a glance as his manuscript  of the story of. the woman nnd the  snake. Then be started and stared.  Instead of the customary editorial  printed slip of courteous rejection there  was���n letter. His lingers trembled ns  he opened It His eyes glistened ns be  read it  Dear Sir���We have pleasure in Inclosing  you our check for $30 for your story  "Princess Adele" and shall bo pleased to  consider- other stories of the same nature  from you. We return herewith the'story  "Tho Woman and the Snake," which we  regret Is not available. It ls too grewsome  In character for our use. We have persistently out out ot the service everything  that does not lend more or less cheer and  give satisfaction to tho reader. Youra  very truly,      \  EDITORS  STELLAR  MAGAZINE.  To Billy Patterson the lamp seemed  to suddonly shine with a new light, the  dingy little room grew radiant nnd the  eyes of the picture seemed to smile.  Leaning across the table, he took the  frame in bis hands nnd kissed the pictured fnce of the girl.  EFFECTING A  E   SETTLEMENT*  By Frank S. CMswick   .  is  C'opyriKlil. 1003. by tho  S. S. McClure Company'  "You're light,"snid Billy. "And that's  : It: There's nothing In it. I've (rung up  everything except myself. Perhaps In  the morning"- lie glanced ot a large  hook In the celling, but whon he turned  bis gaze to thc door again the material  picture that had been .framed there  bad departed In wrath. "  Billy closed the door and sat wearily  upon his lied. He wits only twenty-  thrcn. It seemed to lilm that he ba(*  failed. His was a bright wholesome,  optimistic iiaitiro, with an acute sense  of humor, yet his stories were nlmost  Invariably of a "morbid and depressing  character nnd; met with little If nny  success. .   q  Alter n time h" snt up nnd stnred at  tli" railed patliiii of the carpet, men  tally comparing It.to the. flowery de  sign of his ambitions and his hopes  when they, too. were new nntl upon  which. II seemed to blm. the worltl hnd  trampled until nil the color wus quite  gone. Suddenly he tossed buck bis  head, laughing oddly, and fixed a  strained gaze upon the large book In  the plaster just over his head.  "After all." he said hf-shly, "what  matters?   Nothing,mutters!"  He stood imon the bed nnd reached  a hnnd to the Iron hook. It seemed  firm. He placed n middle finger through  _t iind [Hit his whole weight upon thc  book. It htiil. He stepped to the floor  iind wllh his glance measured the distance lroni the surface of tbe.bed.to.  flow MctnlM Are tlneil'liy Nnture.  Nature uses largely four gases���oxygon, nitrogen, hydrogen, chlorine. Slit  uses also largely two inorganic iionme-  tallic bodies, carbon and sulphur. She  uses metals, calcium and iron. She  uses one metalloid, phosphorus. Man  In his work uses all these elements  with some, others. Nature uses iron  sparingly.  Man uses it largely.  Nature uses tbe. metal .'calcium largely, letting it enter into the construction  of the bone of every skeleton of.'nnlmal.  Man uses calcium in n rough way in  tlio formation of buildings in the compound form of lime, together with oth  cr metals In the grand storehouse���tin,  copper and aluminium, substances  which nature shows no preference for  in any of hor artistic and meclutnica  works. Man nlso uses zinc, lead and  mercury, for which nature has no spe  cial employment that is obvious to us.  A Penalty ot Genlnn.  It seems to be the frequent penalty  of genius that itis denied the privilege  of perpetuating its name and kind beyond n few generations nt most. Thus  It is said thnt there is not now living n  singlo descendant in tbe male line of  Cbaucor, Shakespeare, Spenser, Mil-'  tou. 'Cowley, Butler, Dryden, Pope,  Cbwper,' Goldsmith, Byron or Moore;  not one of Sir Philip Sidney or of Sir  Walter Raleigh; not one of Drake,  Cromwell, Hampden. Monk. Marlborough, Petorsborough or Nelson; not one  of Bollngbroke. Wnlpole, Chatham,  Pitt, Fox, Burke, Graham or Chan-  ning; not one of Bacon. Locke, Newton  or Davy; not one of Hume, Gibbon or  Mncnulny; not one. of Hogarth, Sir  Joshua Reynolds or Sir Thomas Law-  rence; not one of David Gnrrlek, John  Kcmble or Edward Kean.  Warned  In a Dream.  On the occasion of ti fatal accident to  a lift in Pnrls-I think at the Grand ho  tel���a number of years ago a lndy Who  was Just going up in it started back,  saying, "Oh, there Is that dreadful man  ngninl���and=trledito=induce^her=hus--  hand to come off of It too, but he refused nnd was among the killed.  The "dreadful man" to whom she referred she had seen In a dream, which  tlie niece of the friend who told me the  story had beurd her relate a day or  two before the accident It Was,of. a  funeral drawn up nt her door, so pompous us to produce n great Impression  on'her, presided ovcr by "a big. dark  man In a strange sombrero hot. -This  man she saw; or.believed she snw. In  tbe lift, and the '-coincidence terrified  her from going up ln It���NoteB und  Queries. - <���  ���o*o��o*o*o*o**o<>o*o*o$o*o*  o  ���  o  o  o  *  o  ���  o  ���  o  ���  o  ���  o  ���o$o*o*o*o*o^*o*o*o*o*o*o*  a  When Orrin Pnytoiv. left the law  school, he decided that be would con-  flue himself to criminal cases ns offering better pny nnd greater credit thun  the usual work wlilch fulls to the lot  of the beginner. An ample fortune enabled him to decline cases wliich less  fortunate young lawyers might hnve  been glad to take up.  He Imd already figured ln one or two  trials of considerable Importance, but  his practice was not large, uud his  principal occupation consisted In wondering about the pretty girl In tho oflice across the court. By n Judicious  expenditure of tips ninong the elevator  boys, wlio in turn'questioned the letter  currier, he finally discovered that her  name wns Maude Ktngdon and that  she was a stenographer for Massoy &  Keller, architects.  This Information, while of Interest,  did not materially aid him in forming  ber acquaintance. He could think of  no excuse for intruding on the architects, nnd Miss KIngdon wus not the  sort of girl one could get acquainted  with In the elevator. Both dress and  manner indlcnted au amount of refinement .and acquaintance with social  customs tbut necessitated a formal introduction. --..-  Pny ton moved In good society, but he  bad acquired an intense dislike for the  girls with whom he .cnnie. in contact  nud whoso god was Mammon, not Cupid. The little typewriter across tlie  .light.sluift'wns of far greater interest  to him, and her apparent Inaccessibility made lilm tbe more eager to form  her'acquaintance.' Once he met Massoy In company with a business friend  and exultingly told himself that this  would at least nllord him an entrance  to the oflice. But even this hope wns  dashed to the ground when In saying  goodby Massey expressed, a desire to  meet him ou returning from n business  trip that'would occupy several months.  He had about given up nil hope  when one afternoon'-, the young clerk  who formed his enlire otilce staff broke  in on his solitude.  "There's a" lady outside," he said,  banding Payton n card, "who .wants  to see you about, taking up a claim  against lh�� street cur company."  "Tell her," said his employer, "that  we don't lake up damage suits." And  tbou as the clerk turned to go he uc-  Inflnence of Food,  : "What do you think of the theory  thut food has n potent Influence In de-  tennlnlng character?" nsked Mr. Smith-  field as he put three lumps of sugnr Id  his coffee.  "I guess It's nil right," replied Mr.  Wood as lie severed n portion of his  bnefstenk. "It always seems n little  cannibnllstic to me when you order  lobster."  "Well," retorted Mr. Smlthfield good  humorcdly, "I ought to hnve known 11  was dangerous to lend you money nfter  I discovered your fondness for beets.  But, seriously, if there wero anything  in the theory, wouldn't it make a man  sheepish to.eat mutton?"  "It would; and prizefighters ought ta  restrict themselves to a diet of scraps.'-  ���Pittsburg Gazette. '  "THIS IS OUTltAOEOUS." SAID TIIE (URL.  cldutitally turned over the bit of pasteboard between his lingers and witli a  gasp caught bis retreating iisulKtant  by the coutlnlls. "Tell Miss Klngilon  to1 come in." he commanded. "The  case may be worth looking into." A  moment later Maude Klngilon was  seated by tils desk.  "Thoy tcld me. Mr. Pnyion." she snld  mildly, "thut you take up only criiii-  im'i! ciisen, but I work for Mnssey &  Keller on the same Hour, and I ihoight  you might be���er-nolglilioiiy enough  to consider my case."  =Pii}ion=blt=his=lip.s.=Her_eyes_biid  Bald so plainly. "And you don't neeui  to be very busy."  "Quite right of you to come ovcr. I'll  be very glnd to look Into the 'mutter. 1  did start out with u sort of definite  policy,.-nntl' I cun afford to wait for  Bomeibl'ig good"���  .Something In his tono offended the  BW and she rose.  "In thnt case I beg pnrdon for my  Intrusion." she said Icily. "Probably  my suit would not appeal to you."  "Quite'tbo contrary 1" he cried, alarmed. "I nm sure���er���that is to sny. 1  wire'-'yon: I wasn't referring to your  cue." V<"  Holf nppeused, thc girl sut down  flgnln.  "It Is n comparatively simple mutter.  While my mother wns ullghtlng from a  cat" hist night the coiuluctor signaled  the moloriimn to go nheud, and sbe  wns thrown henvlly to the street. She  fractured two ribs und was severely  bruised. I, should like to make the  Btreet cur company pny the expense, of.  her Illness, for. to be frank, we .can  hardly afford to let the mutter puss."  Payton Jumped up excitedly. "They  ougbt to be mnde to pity punitive damages.   We'll sue them for $20,000."  Miss KIngdon did not share his enthusiasm. "I should prefer," she snld  quietly, '"to compromise the mnt'er  without resorting to the courts."  It was finally agreed thnt Payton  should see the - claim scent and en  denvor to rush the mutter through us  quickly as possible. This afforded hiin  an excuse for a daily visit to Mis:-  KIngdon, and iie .iiore Ue saw of her  the more he was sntisficd that she was  the one.woman who '.-ould make hlni  happy. The claim progressed slowly,  ns claims always do. but anally he secured from the company an offer of  $050, the maximum payment In cases  settled out of court.  "This Is outrageous," snid the girl  when he communicated the decision.  "They know wo need the money and  that we wlllbuve to take this rather  thnn - wait several yenrs until the case  tuts been anally settled on appeal."  Something like a sob ended the sentence, nud then she smiled bravely.  "You must not think ine mercenary,  ���Mr. Payton, but my sulnry Is uli we  huve, nnd mother hns never been  strong, nnd the hospital bills must bo  pnld."  Thc olllco wns empty; and Pnyton's  sympathetic brown eyes looked straight  Into ber own. She could stand anything just then, Bave "sympathy.- Two  great rouud tenrs rolled down her  cheeks.  Payton suppressed a wild Inclination  to kiss away the tears and took her  hnnd gently in bis.  "Believe me. Miss KIngdon, I have  done my. best The greatest lawyer In  New York could do no more. Six hundred and fifty is little enough to Win  from n corporation; but, whether you  bave guessed it or not, you have won  something more���tbe heart of your attorney. If you'll marry mo, you���you  won't have to worry about the street  cur company." "  She looked at .him with brimming  eyes. "You nre very good, Mr. Pay-  ton," sho said simply, "but I could never permit you to make such n sacrifice.  You have done us much for us ns tiny  mun could do. Don't think that because you fulled to get.more you must  offer yourself In marriage."  Pnytou wns nonplused for n moment.  "Sacrifice!" be echoed. "If you argue  along those lines, you'll be accusing iuo  In a moment of marrying you for your  money. Can't you realize that I've  been Interested In yon more than..a  year nnd thnt I've loved you ever sinco  you camo into my office?"  She looked up, a smile breaking  through the: tears. "In thnt case''���  sbe snld softly.  "In that case." ho retorted jubilantly,  "I think I'll tnke my fee."  ����  Hnd  Put  It to  Proof.  Most.of the men: who wont west in  1SI9 wore from the north .There wore,  however, a fow southerners, a inong  them n Baltimore family who tool;  aloug nn, old slave, .Samuel-Jefferson.  Sumuel wns n patient traveler on the  long journey ncross the plains, but  very skeptical about the success of his  master's expedition. It.wus uot until  his master became oue' of the gold  kings of California-.tbnt' Samuel slopped shaking his head in silent protest.  Samuel lived to a ��� good old ago arid  after the war wns the special attendant  of his mnster's children. One day  Hugh, the youngest son, wns explnin-  ing to Snniuef the spherical shape of  the earth.  "If you.should go straight ahead far  enough, you'd come right around to  where you started from."  "Now look heah, chile, yo' cyan* nick  me b'lievo dnt. I nln't helped yo' daddy  tote bis things nil downy out henhTin  Bultlmo' f'r nufliii. If wlint yo' tells  me wus true, we'd 'n' come back to  Ma'ylun' about fo' times. I knows fm  'spcrienco, boney, ilrivin' 'cross dein  plains, dnt de woii' am flat out���lint-  ter'n u hoeenke, clean till yo' bump inter de ocean.".,  The Man Chnse.  A convict hnd broken bounds and the  dogs vvere put on) the trail, thnt wns  still warm. It was an exciting scene.  No one wns near"except n few prison  officials' In charge of u hundred desperate felons, nnd I felt the 'exciting sense  of:u sentinel on n lonely outpost us the  sis. bloodhounds bounded through tangled forest.'baying madly 'at every leap.  Eagerwas niy desire to see the finish.  It eiu\ie soon. The negro's force wub  spent, and he took to n tree in bis effort  to save himself from tlie buying dogs.  ���I could not help thinking of the scene  When n possum is treed, but I doubt  whether the simile occurred to' the  wretched felon. Ho hnd broken off a  branch and wus" desperately lashing  Dynamite, one of the finest bloodhounds in tbe state, whose mouth was  -Oiily_ti_foot_or__t.wo_b__!(_w_liim._J)j_nai  mite bus been known to climb trees  and to moke n spring of ten feet In getting up to tbe first branches. Then the  dogs were called off. nnd the negro, un-  harmed, was token buck in less thnn nn  hour nfter he began his run for liberty.  ���Leslie's Mngnzlue.  (^��W^��$^4*<H0^^4^$�� , before.   In tbnt the epitaph was pnrtly  $   - - -  - - - j right und partly wrung.   Had lt said  I thnt he was uot dend, but only gone  down the Ohio river. It would have hit  the nail on the head.  For a time Anson Davis kept a doubt  In his mind, nnd the widow never look-��  ' ed nt Caleb's old boots without won-  [ during if she could possibly have been  mistaken In her Identification.   But as  lime  wont, on  Caleb's  little way of  breaking   In   upon   matrimonial   pro-  ! grammes Was*forgotten.   As tbe year  was drawing to a close, Anson suggested that a date be named, and Mary  named it.  It wus to be a quiet wedding this  time, and It was to be ln tbe evening,  nnd two days beforo the event was to  come off Anson went up to tbe cemetery nnd mnde sure tbat Caleb wad "at  home" and likely to remain there. Ha  reckoned without his- bost nnd only  with a tombstone, however. Tbe widow wns dressed for the marriage and  thc minister on his way to tbe bouse  when Caleb Jones returned for tbe  second time and cnlinly announced:  "Well, Mary, I've got to disappoint  you and Anson again, and'I'm feeling  mighty mean about it."  He bad< goue Into the river, sure  enough, but a beam bad floated blm  for twenty miles beforo he was picked  up by a'steamboat. The steamer was  going down tbe liver nnd in a hurry,  and Caleb was finally landed In Cincinnati. As be bad: got that far ho  thought he might as well go further,  and he tramped over three or four  western states before setting his. face  homeward. The two times widow said  he ought to make up bis mind to live  or die and quit making ber nervous  over it, but of course she was glad he  had come back. Witb Ansou Davis It  was different, however.  "No, Caleb, I cannot tnke your hand,"  he said as be drew back: "You are  not n man of your word. You are not  a' man to be depended on. Your dead  body has been twice found, and there  ��� are two graves In which you nre lying  and two tombstones telling of yourvir-  tues.'and yet hero you nre before us!"  "But don't be mud at me, Anson,"  pleaded Caleb.  "I am not mad, but hurt The injustice - of .it-. rankles. Caleb Jones,  hear me when I sny thnt I will never,  never marry your widow! I'm sorry,'  for her, but I owe. a duty to myself.  If you die again, she'll have to go it  alone for all of mc!"  "Shoo!"   snid   Caleb   ns' his   fnce  [  lengthened hud took on a look of sor-  ! row.    "I didn't suppose you felt like   ,  Two Men and  A "  By WILSON PABKS  Copyright, 1G02, by tho  S. S. McClure Conipany  &��>*<S*'$*S*<$>*S>**S*m'*S>��<3>*<S<  It wns a struggle between Anson Davis and Caleb Jones ns to who sbould  win the lovo nnd tbe band,of Mnry  Doyle. There wns rivalry, but no 111  feeling. When Cnleb won the prize, Ansou shipped blm on thc back and snld:  "All: right, Cnleb. You are the lucky  man. I don't believe I wns ready to  marry Just yet anyhow. I'll wait two  or tliree years nnd then marry'your  widow."  "That's mighty kind of you," answered Caleb. "I huve henrt troubjo nnd  may not live a year, aud the thought  that you'll take my plnce will mnke mo  die content."  Six months after the marriage Caleb  ���Tones went down to tbe city on business. He bad never been drunk In bis  life, but he got drunk to celebrate this  occasion. While In a befuddled state  he was .carried aboard of a ship bound  for tbe east, and when bis sober senses  returned he was on blue water. Menu-  while, as be did not return to his village home, an alarm was raised, and  for the space of three weeks Caleb figured in tbe public press and police reports ns '"mysteriously mlsslng.V Then  a body was found in the river, Identified as his and shipped home for burial.  Soon after the funeral Anson Davis  called on tbe widow nnd said:  -'"Mary, I don't know whether Caleb  ever told you nbout It or not, but there  was an understanding between us that  in case he died I wns to step iuto his  shoes."  "I believe he did mention something  of tho kind," replied the relict.  "Thnt wns kind of him and saves nny  further explanation. I guess you  thought almost ns much of mc as you  did of him, but he happened to save  your life from a cow one day while I  was out of town. Poor Caleb! We  shall miss him and mourn for him, but  at tho end of the year we'll be mnr-  lied." /,       '    '  Tbnt settled lt. The days and weeks  and months.) wont by, and the widow  putvoff her weeds nnd Anson bought  his wedding suit. The mnrriiige day  wns set, the friends were invited and  -M  y  *  | this about it Ansou.   But, being you  do, nnd.being ns I can't rcnlly-blame  you, I guess I'll have to stay at home  and try and outlive Mary."  ))i  A Poet'* Little Story.,  "Magazine poetry." said .n young  Phlladclptilnii who dubhies In verse, "ia  always n source of wonder to nie. I'or  a long time I lmve read It and tried to  understand. It. but ninny of the poems  I couldn't mnke bend or tall of. For  five yenrs I have sent verses of my own  to one magazine and always got thein  back, usunlly with n printed rejection  slip, but occasionally with u pollK> note  from the editor explaining why thu  pnrticulnr verse wns not available. One  duy It.occurred to inc. that obscurity  was the open sesame to the pages of  this magazine, nnd. more In Jest than  anything else, I scribbled off fi sonnet  tbnt liiennt absolutely nothing. My  only thought was io string together a  lot of meaningless words that would  rhyme. I couldn't help toughing "to  myself when I rend It over. I culled It  'Oblivion' and sent It off. After three  months had gone by. I got a check for  It and a letter from tbe editor compll  menting me upon having nt length ftith  omed the depths of true poetry. What  humbug it all iai"-Phlladclpbia Ucc ,  ord.  HE HAP ItECOTOIiED mOM HIS SPBEE AND  HETU11NED FItOM CHINA.  the minister was engaged, nnd another  twenty-four hours would have inuila  the Widow Jones Mrs. Davis,when Ini  walked Calebs He hnd recovered from  bis spree uud returned from China.     |  "I wouldn't have blamed you a bit,"  he said to the astonished wife when bo  learned what wns about to happen. "Of  course you thought I was dead, and it,  was all right for yon to marry Anson.  I 'might have written, but somehow I  never got around to it. Sorry to huvo  mnde any trouble." |  ��� And wlien Anson Davis heard of the  arrival und enme rushing over with his  eyes bulging out, Cnleb gnve him a  bonrty linndshnke nnd said: . |  "Hope: I haven't disappointed you,  Anson  offer to marry  accepted you, but my coming home  kno'cksltall'outrof course.���Dou't-feel  hard toward me, old man."  "I'm disnppolntcd. of course," replied  Anson, "but 1 supposo I've got to put  up witb It   How's the heart trouble?"  : "Awfully bad."  "Well, maybe you won't last long. It  was a sort of mean trick, but remember that I stund ready to marry Mary  whenever you drop out"  It wns a yenr before Caleb had any  further adventure, although bis heart  trouble grew worse, nnd tlio doctors  The MiHdilcvoaa Greyhound Fapp?,  Greyhound puppies have tho, reputation of being the most mischievous of  the mischievous brotherhood of puppies. They Inherit this to some extent,  for a large percentage of greyhounds  when grown up are Inveterate thieves  and chicken killers not from any par- j  tlculdr vice, but because "It Is their nature to," nud they have not the moral'  Benso which other dogs possess.  The writer recently remarked when w  stopping In ii country inn'' tbut one of ,1<  the greyhounds  which were allowed I  the run of the bouse bad stolen tbe but- j  ter from tbe breukfnst tabic.    "Ab," !  wns the reply, "I reckon be a'moSt live  on that."  It Is considered specially good for  young greyhounds to be "boarded out"t  or "walked" when there is dnnger of.)  overcrowding at home; but, as a bight  authority puts lt, "the list of their de-�� i  Unqtiencies, including murdered cuts, |'y  fowls, ducks, torn clothes nud home-1,.'  stcud3 Inid waste nnd devastated," may! :,  be'made up for by a win at Altc.tr In  compensation   for. the   puppies'   mis-; >'  deeds.���London^ Spectator.      -.       -"\  i  otyii.  An Old Superstition,  ��� A curious exnmple of superstltloi! ,  wns made public the other day througb/'f  the medium of thc law-courts of Berlin! \  A tree growing opposite the gateway ot i  a farmer wus noticed to be withering I  away and dying. On further invcstlga-l !  tion it was found that'a deep bole had V  been bored In it, probnbly by some per-! /  son who wished to kill It As the trei ,i  somewhat Incommoded the entrance tf j  the farmer's bouse, he was chargee I  with the deed nnd fined. He, however! \  appealed to a higher court and succeed | I  cd iii proving tbnt the hole hod beed i  It wns mighty kind of you to. bored by some superstitious person wh<' V  narry Mnry, and I'm glad sbt, bel|eved in {he old superstition tbat I', /  illness attacks a.household it can b(,(  "drlven~=a~way"by~"b"urylng"- it- ln~6~ f  healthy tree.   A hole is bored ln the'/i  tree, and all kinds of medicines ar' ',  burled in the hole, which Is then cart;; (:  fully stopped .up amid the singing ol  weird incantations. This could bav^  been done by any superstitious pcrsot  ln the neighborhood, the farmer pointet  out  Tbe judge acquitted blm. i  Tbe One: Thine'He'Wanted.      \  One day soon aftcr'Agtiinnldo's call  i ture and arrival at" Manila; (Jcnerp .  MncArtbtir decided to go to see' hli|  and find If he was being rightly treat  ed. At the close of the visit the gee  oral asked Agulnnldo If there was an}  thing be would like to'.have, wbetbc  papers, magazines, clothes, cigars t  other articles. But the prisoner shot \  his head. He said thnt tliero wns tiotl  lng at all that ho wanted. /;  Just as the general wns nbout to closj;  the  door .Aguinnldo's   face   sudden;  ]  the next three weeks most of the .bod-j brightened, and the look In his eyf '  les were discovered, nnd bis was among   showed tbnt he was trying to remen  the number.   The widow identified It  by a dozen dlfferqut marks aud bad  been very particular about It, becauso  Anson Davis bad snld: I  IMary, of course I shall marry you  told blm he wus .liable to drop dend  any dny.   He went nwny one dny on n j  seven mile journey to,visit ii sister, and  while crossing a bridge on which a'  crowd hud gathered to watch the flood  the bridge gave wuy with a c'rnsh nnd  thirty-sis peoplewere swallowed up In  the rushing waters.   Tlmt Culeb wna  nniong tbcjBwnllowcd there could not,  be a doubt, as half.n dozen people who,  knew blm saw him go down.   During  when the year Is up, and we can't afford to have any more mistakes."  ,Tlie': body was duly burled and tha  weeds were put on for the secoud time.  The tombstone -over the grave said  that Caleb;was not dead, but only gono.  ber some.name.  "Whnt ls It?" asked General MacA  thur. ' '  "There Is just oueitbing In the worj  I want," said Ag'tilniildo, "If you en  only get It for me. T hnve hnd It bj  once In my life, and thnt wns at Honj  koug. They said It was an Amcrlci)  thing nnd thnt all Americans had j  It Is���Ice cream!" he said witb grel  enthusiasm. }  AlfiJ BOTH WAR AND PEACE'!  FIND GEN. LORD  KITCHENER  DOING  HIS WHOLE DUTY.  ,!��� llie Front Hank *f Kiiglmiri'a ftrt-Htrnt  Sari'iinti, Ha !��� Al!k�� ut Home hi .lluk-  lllr Wur or PcincB���He Hut Untloiibti.il*'  lyttia ^unll.'y nt " l-'lne InMtlnci" ami  /  v,       >er'i4 Ihi- ."lliiif** nf 1 lilni;i.,"  The most recent letters from South  Africa, as Well as ofllclal.'comments,  seem to prove that' the happy issue  of the long-drawn-out ncgoiiaiionsis'  due no less to Lord Kitchener's unerring tact than to his steadfast determination not to iibutc one jot or  tittle of,tho .essentials in the conditions whicli ho luul been, authorize!  to prescribe for peace.  Until he took over the .supreme  command in South .Africa it had been  the fashion to speak of the present  Coiiuiiiindi.'i'-in-O'hicf as a great military oig.mizer and a general who���  given .-ample time and full equipment  ���could bo trusted to .accomplish'., n  specific task, but scarcely us a man  adequate to curry out a dclieato piece  ' of work which would necessitate qualities as diplomatist, statesman, and  administrator.  . But it'is not, too much to say that  the most recent phases of the South  African campaign havo placed Lord  Kitchener in tho front rank of England's     grcutest   servants.       Lord  three months, and Lord Methucn all  his life."  HIs c.-im -.11111-.  Somehow or other, the grim face  never loo"kcd to me grimmer than  when this smile passed, across it.  The large, strong mouth, heavy covered with the typical military and  brush-like moustache; the strong,  square jaw;  the ticmcndously  heavy  |.brows.;   the  strange  glittering  eyes ;  fnnd even the. red-brick complexion���  the complexion that told so. ninny  tales of hard rides for- many hundreds of miles ui��lor blazing Egyptian snnds. . . . Through It iill tho  face seemed strangely familiar to me.  I could not make out why, but in  the end it. all nt once struck mc. It  was a typical face of the Irish Hesi-  dent Mugistinto.���T.  P.  lUHlUnk of III" Hrltl.li  ONLY FOR BRAVE MEN  MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES OF ROYAL  HUMANE ASSOCIATION.  ,    .   LORD KITCIIE.S'SIt.  Kitchener, vviitcs ' a friend of his,  possesses in a supreme degree a quality to ' which it is difficult to give  any other name than that of "fine  instinct." This quality he has  brought to bear not only on those  with whom he has had official dealings, but be hns evidently succeeded  in impressing his personality on men  who had hitherto been bitterly opposed to hiin.  The method which Lord Kitchener  seems to have employed in liis negotiations With the Doer loaders is one  which will commend itself to every  Englishman. Ho first tnjighj, them  not only to respect him thoroughly,  but to trust him implicitly, and then  proceeded to let them understand  tbat he was not unwilling to nccoid  to thoni in his turn a,full measure  of confidence and respect.  Yet how different is this from many  of the views which liave been expressed of tho gi eat general b.v those who  have worked with him. Heieareten  snapshots���all of them taken beforo  he iiguicd as he does to-day as the  peacemaker and the diplomat.  vr it.v.  How ho must worry his tailor.  Tall and well-proportioned nbove, ho  falls nway .from .his waist downwards. It ls this lower weediuess  which evidently, troubles tbo man  who fashioned his clothes. But it is  his face we look at���that cold blue  eye which is the basilisk Of the British army, the firm .law and the ciiel  mouth of which we read in lSl.o.���  Blackwood's  Magazine.  All-   f i- 11 ;  ,i * ��'*  She ran her eyes over thc tall,  gaunt figure, the rugged face. She  looked into the prominent, nil-seeing  eyes, and knew at a glance that she  was face to face with a magnetism  stronger than her own, and nothing  wo"Jd induce her to go near him  again.  "That.is the most dangerous', man  in Britain," she snld. "I feel as if  I were within the shadow of death  when I am near him."  ���    "A Boer Delilah."  l.oni  Ktli^it-uiTV i i.lni  The markings of Loid Kitchener's  palm are very interesting when compared with lines .on other hands. The  line of individuality Or destiny up  thc centre of the palm runs towards  the first instead of, as usual, to tho  second linger. As this first finger is  regarded its the ruler or dictator the  significance of thc lino of destiny going close to it is at once apparent.  When tho line takes this direction it  is considered to be" one of the best  signs' of power and success in whatever ! career chosen.���Windsor Maga-  zi'ne.  Ilronxe   31��dul   Ilrtrrlbed, ua Well   ua tlib  Cold One���I.atlei'Onlr Awanlail to tlie  "ItrHVvvl of ilia Ilruve" lu   Any Y��ur���  Klltory   of    the    AMocUtlou      Which  AnurtlN SHlifnnl !tr��cut*r��  .VIimIiiU.  \1  Not sinco the organisation of . the  Hoyal Canadian Humane Association  in 181)4 hns there been an event of  such, conspicuous bravery involving  so many people us tho Joshua San-  ford nlliiir. It is likely that five  bronze incdnls will he awarded to  the men who saved the life of tho  young well-digger. In addition probably two dozen certificates of bravery., will'be issued by the association  to others .connected, with the affair,  though not.us prominently' identified  vvith it. as the live recipients of the  bion/e mednls The gold medal of  the asso-intion will i.e. nwaided to  John Carnie. The-medal is l.nawn  as the ''Sunforil" ir.i'dnl, being ithe  annual gift of the society from the  hi I e. Hon. -Senator Simford'of'^Hamilton. This iiietln1 is ,iu exceedingly  handsome nllriii'. and is bestowed up-  Slore. >l:u:lii  I hitti. Atnn.  I'ortraliK of.('hi-lut,  A Paris correspondent snys that in  a communication submitted to the  French Academy recently, M. de iie-  ly collated all tho known port rails of  the Saviour and'. classed them chronologically. Among the latest discovered images of Christ the Ite-  decincr is an admirable:.statue of tho  Christ of .'Vnniinatia of Comtanti--  noplc,', dating from the third century,-  now in; (hey.Tteiiih.Museum, and the  'Coptic.'fresco, of the Saviour, found  at Bnoitit, Upper Egypt, a few  months ago by M.'iCledut.  A comparative examination of these  sacred portraits shows with absolute  certainty, accord ng to M. de Mciy,  that until A.I). .'W.1, Christ was ro-  pies-cnted without .1 tieaid. ibis tra-  dit'on of the beardless Christ was  followed in tha west;,for. '200 years,  but in"the east, on the'other hand,  after the famous dream of Constantino, tlie official sculptors and painters represented Christ with a heard.  M. de Moly called 1113 attention of  Ihe Academy to the interesting rc-  scarihcs of M. Cecil Torr, who adduces evidence in support of the theory that Christ was only 21 years  old   at  thc tune of the crucifixion.  Vr. Ad.iin Blown, Hamilton, picil-  d.-nt.  !'r. .1. George llodgins of Toronto,  seucU'-y.  Ma or Henry MncLaren of llumil-  ton, treasurer.  Also on executive committee, as follows; 'iha oillcers ol the association,  Mrs. S. G. Wood. Humune Society,  Toronto; Air. Henry de O. Uobinson,  'Illumine Society, Niagara Falls; Mr.  John llohertson, Human> Society,  '���alt; Mrs. Lake, Humane Society,  Oituwii: Mis. M. Mclnto-ty, Society S.  P. C. A., .Nova Scotia: .Mr. James  Goldio, Iliiiiiane Soqicty, Giiolph ;  Mrs. .lames It. Thompson, Hu'iiinne  ���Society,"London, and the first or  senior vice-president ,of all affiliated  societies  Aug. 120, 189-1, the first meeting of  thc association was held, and bylaws  adoplcd setting forth Ilia objectis of  the society. In'the meantime the  title "Itoynl" had been conferred on  the association by Her Most Gracious Majesty.  The Board of Investigating Governors us at present constituted was  appointed at that, time It has remain?:!'unchanged.  ltcv. Johnlinuisuy, LL.IV, of Bel-  iyinony, Ireland, was awarded: the  first medal,,by the new association.  It. was for heroic conduct in'saving  the life of a Toronto lady, Mrs.  firimnson, who had fallen from" the  Niagara Falls Suspension llridao,  Sept. 21, 1802. He received tho  ���"Sanford" gold -medal for this act  of bravery. Silver medals are presented annually to the association  by Mrs. John Billings of Hamilton  niul  Lady Ci.rant of Ottawa.  PREVENT COLLISIONS.  VERY  CLEVER   DEVICE  BV*'A'GRAND  TRUNK' RAILWAY AGENT.  Very Kuvoriiblv View-eel t��y (Iriiml Trunk  Ititlliriiy Official* - rrnvanU train Col-  llalona, Which Ar*f tlte Mont < oa'Iy of  All Unflvrii.v Accltieuti, lly ri-ovlfllnc'  for lh�� Klitiiiiiulion of Krror mi ihe  1'nrt of I>e��|>ntcher��, **  Collisions between trains, according  to'statistics compiled by the United  Stales Interstate Commerce Commission, take the front rank, in the list  of accidents, which have orctirrcd on  the various railways of that country  for a period of three months. The  commissioners state that collisions  are the most costly of any mil wny  accidents. Collisions nre (Iuo largely  to errors caused by train despatchers  or telegraph operators.     That it  is  FOB BRAVK'MEN' ONLY.  on  "the  bravest of  the brav.c," scl-  j His precision is so inhumanly   un  erring he is more li c a machine  than a man. You feel that he ought  to be patented and shown with pride  at the Paiis- Intel national Exhibition���British Empire: Exhibit No. 1,  hors concours,   the Soudan Machine,  , It was aptly said of him by one who  hnd closely watched him in his ollice  and in the field, and at mess, that-ho  is the sort of "feller" that ought to  be made manager of the Army and  Navy Stores. He would be a splendid manager of the War Oflice. lie  would be a splendid manager of anything.  ,. G.  W.   Steevens.  Will rompl��*iiH-ii!ur,v   l'��-ri-��- *  His wonderful industry, his undisturbed patience, his noble perseverance are qualities too. valuable for a  man to enjoy in this imperfect world  without complementary defects. Tho  general who never spared ' himself  cared little for others. He tiouted  all men like machines, f.'oin plicate  soldiers, whose salutes lie disdained,  to the superior officer he rigidly ton-  trolled.  Winston S. Chuivh.:i.  . l>UI)r.", lluly,:!Mir*.  lOiiFTnoTrinor were translated into  ���words it would run something, like  this: I nm your superior oil'icer. you  havp taken service under mo.'and the  world will judge you acjording to  your duty, nnd your duty is to do  ns you're told. If you do as I bid,  you shall have all the credit for the  success in obtaining which I used you  us, an instrument.'.' If my plans miscarry, T will take the blame���unless  it miscarries through your inefficiency. Edgar Wallace.  'L'tiqunlliiit* k)tK   Eyes tiiat would not have  quuilcd  If .looking    at grim death-  eyes  that in such  moments glow so  curiously    that;   thc    light, in   them  seems   fixed,     as  if suddenly  frozen.  Herkoinor caught that expression perfectly in the iikeu'ess. which he painted of Kitchener a few years ago.     ,  H. S. Pearsc.  l-'lylit inn! win ��r nie  I think   he   is   unother Wellington.  Tcrrible--a    man    without, bowels���  without,   a; friend���hated  by  ninny���  feared  by all���but a. man  who    will  put tilings through���n mnn who   believes Unit it is n soldier's work to  , fight and win���or die.  A. G. Hales.  >t��rn ('������initlliiicnt*  "K. of K" Is reported to have, said;  "Give me one, man like Be Wet''arid  I: will, send home one-third of -tho  army." And De Wet is (|Uotcd as  having spoken as follows: " I will  give Lord Roberts three years to  catch    mo.       I   will  eive Kitchener  A 'I'r'f-kttr Niiture '  Mr. A. A. MacTnvish writes to  The Globe: A Canterbury bell growing at the apex of a spike of foxglove is, I believe, something new  among floweis.- Three such specimens are now in full bloom at Park-  hill, growing ninong a cluster of fox-  NATunE's own.Shafting.  glove and   Canterbury bells. The  above is a free-hand sketch "of this  unique combination';'1.' The.bell-shnpcd  flower differs from a C'-bell in the  following pariiculais: Color, pale  pink, and spotted like the inside lining of the fox-glovo blossom; .stamens, l<t like those of fox-glove;'pistil,'that of the Canterbury bell; calyx," colored . und spotted like the  corolla, is lii lobed and measures -'_  Inches In diameter by 2 inches depth.  "I ll*-  (irrellV: 1 IllllUft. I  Boatman (to; visitor)���How's business? Why,, theiv ain't, nu business,  '.since these blessed bicycles cume Into  Cushion. Why. tliey comes down hero  and takes our fresh air, ns we're celebrated for, and pumps It. into thuii  blooming wheels  with 'em.���Sydn  try Joinnal.  eclod fiom tlie list of those" icceiv-  ing bi'di'.c lni'iials lroni the society  for each year. ������ i bus far Carnie's  (nsc is the one involving the most  coii'-iMci.DUs bravery iu th-1 knowledge  of', the Uoard of-Investigating'. Governors.  i lm bronze medalto be awarded to  the Paris heroes is> u very handsome'  thing. It is delicate in design, nearly as large as a silver dollar The  name of tho recipient is;engraved on  one sule together with the date and  details of the affair for which the  s.uno is awaid.'il. On the leverse  side the medal shows the royal crown,  benealh whith are the 'words, "Koyal Canadian Humane As-.dci.Hion,"  surrounded by an embossed vvre.iiji oi  maple and Inure! leaves. 1 lie u.ciinl  is attached to a beautifully ch.isod  pendant an:l hung from blue, silk lib-  bon. This forms a sti iking emblem, which hns become lypic.il of  the highest degree of courage the  world    over.  ..The president of the association is  Mr. Adam Blown of Hamilton. The  Investigating Governors are: II. V.  Pwight, Toronto, Chairman; A. S.  Jrvina\ Toronto; Joseph F. Gunn,  Hamilton; Hichar.i Fuller, Hamilton;  I'-baiics I31ack, N'iuguia Falls, Secretaiy.  The Toronto Humane' Society is responsible for the organization of the  Itoval Canadian Humane Association. The members of the Toronto  society (ailed a meeting of represin-  tatives of similar societies from the  other provinces in 1801, nt which a  society for 1I12 Dominion was discussed. A resolution wus' adopted calling- for the" organization of n Hoyal  Humane Association, to include all  of Canada. Nothing further was  done until 1S02, whin the Toronto  br.ui'.h again called a meeting for  lbs same purpose. The convention  was held J una 21, of that year.  . Tho following resolution wnsu'dopt-  cd:  ' "Ilosolvcd. that this ...meeting consider it desirable that a; Canadian  Hiimntie Association shouM he organized for the purpose a' lncouragin^  the foiiuatinii ot huinaiu assucia-  tions in the various cities or towns  ol.-'Cuiiiidii. for the securing of ��� improved-Icgls'ntiou. and in order to  deal- ino:e_cfiectiv(>lv_wlih~iho"largsr  questions allectin;: the protection of  iluinli iiiiiiinils from aliiise, anil eii-  couruglir,' the .hMinrne sentiment  ninong.' all classes of ihu people, and  to reward,nets; of ��� bravery."  A committee was then appointed to  consider aiid report a suitable scheme  of   organization.  This I'ouiinit.toc met and-framed a  "Ciinstitution and ltylaws of the  Ciiiiatlian lliiniano Association." but.  n'a fun her. meeting was held to  adopt the snine or to complete1'the  Tiirmnlirn of lhe association,', and t'he  scheme fell  to.the giound  On .inn. 1.0, ItS'.M; the Toronto .Humane Sodety issued a cimilnr iccil-  ing what, luul biiiin dcii! in KSOII In  lh" w'usy ol (ftgnui/iii{ an ns'iuia-  tion, nnd urging the cari'virif mil'of  the . object iiiii .un u result of lhat  circular a meelin;! of the repre.'-'eiita-  livi'.s of the (lllTereiit human'1 smic-  licd tliroiiglioiit Crnu'dii uud a few  delegates f.-om the Inked Stales ns-  socliilion met in Toronto on Mny ill  of tlr.U. year, and after discussing  Ihe  whole question again,  a gciu-ral  f.llili..il Null, Show. DliwiiM-.  If you take a careful glance at the  finger nails of certain people you  will observe that the nails,-, instead  ol being smooth, are grooved di'iib-  bed lengthwise from the, business end  to the quick. In some instances only one nail on each hand is thus  marked, but in other cases , all the  nails -have:grooves.  This is a sign of bad health, . and  it is closely related to the; mental  condition of the possessor. :, When a  doctor -visits a patient and notes  those ribbed nails, ho inay assume  with confidence that the patient will  have an acute nttuck of the. malady  from which  he is  suffei ing. 'nus  grooving is due lo inability to properly assimilate food, which is pio-  yocativo  of disease.  In connection vvith" the mental condition, those libs denote fits of menial aberra.iiui, and the doctor cm.  after it little experience, tell how frequent nnd how severe those attacks  nie likely to be us soon as hensees  the giooves m the nails.  -MERRIE OLD ENGLAND.     "  ;IIovr'Iter, nt I vi-nlK Artt   Jlixt-il L'p With  .ln^l*.i,l im,��� !������ ih-  Inlliiiro (lotto  ��� j  of i In*  KeuiU'1-.  London 'omnibus .fares'have     been'  raisin! owing tn llie corn tax.  Tho total cnpiml'of thc."i\Inn;hestcr  Unity of Odd eliow's is  ��1(1,750,054.  i here are now 500 diut'ndnicnts to  the ��� Fdiicatioiuil Hill of the Government.  i'hi'ii! are only three horse cars  now' In use on the 'Liverpool streets  and   over 200 electric ones.  Fur a quai-ter of n century no new  houses have been built in the Sussex  village of SI ndon.  Gluxgow is copying Liverpool in  the matter of putting down drink.  One   good'turn .deserves another.  ihe cost of education in England is  ��l...17s. per pupil ii year; in Ireland,  ,'ZI Ids., and in Scotland, 122 ls (id.  Trade Is bad in Liverpool. The unsettled slate of shipping accounts for  n good deal,, and hundreds of men  cannul'-gct work.  So long ago ns 1002 the first British rail wuy .was laid down. It Was  nt Newcastle, and the rails were  mado of wood. Morses drew the  cars.  There aro 1,800 sorts of snakes  known to naturalists;, but of these  Britain has but three���tho common  British snake, tho viper and the  coronella.  Mr.- J nines Chapman, a. native of  Xirlrcaldy,' has been '.promoted to the  responsible position . of assistant  mniiagcr 'in the Mercantile Dry  Docks. Jarrow-on-Tyno.  Lond  Archibald   Campbell  "defends  the cause of the kilt.   "It is time,"  ho says,  "that malcontents Wero silenced, and the constant attacks    on -  Highland dress ceased."  THE NEW MODERATOR.  Prenbytfirlun Leader n Alio Chuirman of  Km-lllty of Winnlpi-c  Unlv��rBlt>-.  Here is tho latest portrait of  tho Right Rev. George Brico, M.A.,  LL.D.,   F.It.S.C.,   Chairman of Fac-  .     (Jtll-Cir .-.l*-X:lOfiril'.(   '��� hoilttlllflliTH-fB.  7 In Copenhagen.iberc'.arc. in general  use sihiill-.'trost.lc'st'nnds or tables on  which;itlie"'nosebng of il '-'iiorsc'.- ������' is-  placed so that the. steeds may/ feed  in greater cpinfdrt.:As cinexperjiiiint  IiUE'TO THK QUEK.V.  Her IMaicsty Queen Alexandra has  had a do/.en of these tables sent ovcr lroni Dm nark lo use for public  cub-horses to demonstrate their practical utility lo diivers. ihe contrivances can bo folded easily into a  small compass to go  under the seat.  "LOOK 'lIKKK,   WHAT THB  DEUCB  DO YOU  KNOW ABOUT MV FIXANXK f"  (Sir Ai-cli-l I^ckn U-ch nml Sir Vt'-lfr-(l I^-r-or.)  ���London Punch.  ^l'X!��*-,ni*_v��_(!li:ii|.a.  % Tvro N<��vt I.nnclo'i -iri����'l��.  '"Edward VII. street," and "Gladstone crescent," arc two new addresses which will probably appear in  London directory. Theso are for the  new, main street and the crescent,  which are to connect Holbora and  tho Strand.  - association for the Dominion of (hin-  iind lubes it awuy j mlll ���m|L.,. ,lie n ,mc of "ihe Ci n id-  lown and Conn-: ,-nn nuuiune Association"'was I hen  formed-tlu' steps ordered to be taken to olitu'n H12 siinjtion of Her  Majesty to; add the title of,''!Ilo.vnl"  to   the name.  The-first oflicers of the association  were then elected, and were as follows:'  His Excellency the Earl of Aberdeen. Governor-General of: Canada,  patron.  One reads from time to time ofthe  fabulous sums paid  for cigars.       A  favorite   story is that Sir. Chnmbcr-  l.im    never  touches anything clu'iiper  thnn a live-shilling cigar,  and   lhat  every , time Lord  l!o; hsciiild smokes  tun shillings vanish into; the ambient  air. .According to Mr. YVoingott, the  well-known  tu'hnccu '''merchant, '    all  such stories me the purest invention  As    far as  mere quality  of  tobneco  goes, the best cigar in the world can  lie   purihiiseil  for onu shilling     and  six-pence, nnd iinv one who gives moie  limit this sum Is pitying for,size   or  for    some   peculiar   In and   which      is  only valuable for its rarity und, not  for   its   excellence.     Those   torpedo-  like   cigars wliich one, sees in tohac-  cuiiist.s'   winiliiws  incused    in     glass  slicnlbs,  urn niiilnly   Imps  to   catch  111:!   iniwiiry.     Thu   most   ri'iniirknble  t.hiiig   abiuit thcni is their siic.   and  their start.int; vmi.it inn  In  pi ice uc-  (''ni'tlin.K to the locality III   which tliey  nro'sold.    In  (he Wcsi-cnd ihey   aie  priced1    at. anything between  iii.   Is  nn.I   lfis   in the   lc-s-gildul pivrlncls  of   (he.city they ure sold for 7s 'id  apiece.���London Taller.  PF.TF.I1S0X SIGN'AI. BOX.  an easy matter: for the . latter to  make a most serious error, is admitted, especially iiow that the railway companies to a large extent  have five,train orders, where a few  years ago one would suffice. The  majority of operators must act as  station agents., tickets agents,  switchmen, baggage men. etc , and  at the same tune keep their cms open  for any call from the train despatch-  cr fui train orders, copy the latter,  very, frequently:on five, different forms  and at the same time remember' all  as the;different"trains affected thereby arrive and depait. With so many  details to attend to, it is quite an  easy thing for an operator to forget  a certain order and allow a train to  pass a station in the face of nnother  train), unless some means are taken  to remind him of what,orders be.has  on hand. But it must be said in  justice to our railway companies tbat  they are willing and anxious to adopt  any nevv appliances whicli will assist  in the preservation of life and property, says The Montreal Witness.  Mr. Ii. Peterson, Gland Trunk Railway agent, at St. Hilaire, Que., has  had patented a device which has for  its object the prevention of collisions  caused by operatois forgetting what  train orders they have in their possession. The device, it may bo said,  briefly,: consists, of a convenient box  or 'receptacle-, foi"train order blanks,  placed immediately behind a semaphore or signal board lever which virtually locks "its'"contents'(the order  blanks) >till the lever is rnised from  across it, this process puts the semaphore or signal board at 'danger,'  thus preventing an operator accepting train oi dors for dtiiv cry before  it is '..sot set. ���'...��� Should an attempt be  made to lower the seninpho're or signal board lever belore the object of  the extracted order-blank has been  accomplished and the blank returned  to the- box thc operator is win nod by  an electric bell. Tlie bell also rings  should the semaphore or signal  board fall to properly respond to tha  lever.  ' Mr, Peterson has his patent in  working condition at St. Hilaire,  and has had it examined by the  Grand Tiunk Ihiilwny officials, who  express themselves favorably. It is  not at all unlikely that the device  will be adopted by a good ..ninny American railways, as well as our Canadian railways, as soon as they become familiar witb it.  nianT kev. ; George nr.vcE.  ulty, .University of .Manitoba, v.Winni?  peg.   and Moderator  of  General    Assembly of the Presbyterian; Church in  Canada.  line Mrlkinir. .Xilvmit:��m��.  There is one point about a clock  that strikes the half-hours that may  not have occurred to the unthinking.  " Papa," asked a boy who had  stood in silent admiration before tho  new timepiece on'.the mantel until tho  burden became oppressive, "what's  the good of a clock that strikes every  half-hour?"  "Well, niy son," replied the father,  alter sonic reflection, "if you are lying awake ot night and hear it striko  one; three half-hours in succession,  you know that when jou hear it  again it  will be two ojclock."  _ltrllUli^.N:iv:tl.J'rl7��^_vi��"^  Naval plize money, is dealt with  very difleiently from atniy prise  money; It. is imder.tho sole control  of the Admiralty, leaving its possession only, to puss into thc hands of  the owners or to go to swell tho  Consolidated Fund. The statute of  limitations in respect of such;pelf is  exceptionally long���namely., forty  years���that is to say, a claim will  lie on any of it that has been due  for any, period up to forty years.  ���=��� A-CA N a III A X_l X I'llllT. :   A Pencil-Kodak from tho Press Raliory o( Mr.  Ulukc.  ���London Punch.  A (!r��.|if  Fnfur**.  Parson (to parishioner whose son  has been distinguishing himself at  thi village school)���I am pleased,- lo  see your son doing ro well at school,  John John.���Ah, sir, my'lad be  vcr.v clever, that 'e be. '1 'shouldn't  be surprised if 'e gets to ba on ther  parish council somt day.���Ilallpenny  Comic. -.        '  GU.VBOAT   KOli   TIIK   lilOTKCTlOV  OF CANADA'S FISIIIXC.  IN'TKKKKTS.  .'��-���"   liottllllgH,  occasionally get  Goslings occasionally get "cast.  That is, ihey fall upon their backs  by accident, and arc unable to got  lip. A goose at such a time hns sufficient instinct to turn the gosling  o'ver with her bill, but a '���hen fails  to comprehend thc necessity of this,  and it is always well to count gcsl-  ings that are mothered byhens,. at  every feeding time, when, if one is  missing, it- may, perhaps, be found  olive and returned to thc flock.  (*um��.r'ift In   itnnl;*.  It is said that the Bank ol Franco  lias an invisible studio in a gallery  behind the'.-cashiers', so tliat at a.  given signal from one of them any  suspected ...customer can instantly  have .his photograph taken.'without  his knowledge. The c.imera has uNo  become ^cl���y useful in tbe detection,  of frauds, a word or figure that to  tbe eye seemed completely era'ed being cleiui.v reproduced In photographs  of the duo ineiit that had been tampered with.  Ill*,.    un     Ih-v    > mi '-il.  A golfing magazine nils a story of  n man who applied for the secretaryship   of a club.  "Vou iiiulcistand," sal.i lhe captain, "Hint, we want a ��� inr.ii who is  thoroughly accustomed Hi managing  men."  "In that cose." answered the up-',  plica nl, siidly, "I'm nfriiid it's not  ine   you-wnnt, hut  my wife."  Ho wus 'bunkered.���London-Globe.  in liidmo I'rlMii'i.  Wc have 587,881 prisoners in Indian prisons, or 1)^,000' more than we  had ten years ago. Oi these only  24,000 are vvomci..  " INiVa-ri' .--tu in oi-I ii  Iti-iiiiln,  The sale of postage stamps in tho  United Kingdom amounts to 14&  millions of. money yearly.  ;ig# -.%������  THE INDEPEN DEN 1.  SATURDAY...... SEPTEMBER 27, UK  THE INDEPENDENT.  W'Ali  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY  IN  THE TN-  Tl!lRE3TS-0K THE MASSEJS  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COM  PANY.  BASEMENT      OF     FLACK      BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET,  VANCOUVER, 11. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN ADVANCE  A week, G cents; month, 15 cents; three  months, &> cents; six months, 03 cents;  ono year, $1,23.  ENDORSIOD BY TIIK TRADES AND  LABOR: COUNCIL,, THE VANCOU-  VKB I.AUOK PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be had  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY,  .SEPTEMBER 27, 1M-  MASS MEETING. "  Mr, Ralph Smith, M. P., will address  a mass nieetis in Union hall this (Saturday) evening. President Lamrick of  the Trades', council will take the chair  at S o'clock.   All welcome.  These  do  be days  of rejoicing and  sorrow.  The most flourishing Industries in the  countiy to-day are those in which trade  unionism has become most perfected.  Labor cannot afford to so into poll-  tics in a half-hearted way. It must  either do It right,' or keep out of the  Bame entirely.  Why can't the government in its appropriations for the defence of the  country. (soldiers) include a sum for  old age pensions? .  The bishops.-. of London, Rochester  and St. Albans sent a signed letter of  welcome to the trade union congress  which  met   recently at  London..  The Eaton strike is still on. You may  not hear much about it, but the "still  small voice" of conscience is' working  wonders and will win out in the end.  ������-.���-���-''���-.'���X-    .        ���  ���-~ :���. '.' U. '.'���:...'  '   '���:  The London County Council is a  strong sympathizer witli labor. Tt has  laid down the rule that when labor is  secured at a certain wage there shall  be iio ...sub-letting.'..'.-: :y:y.  The  Gurney Company of Toronto  ���have not yet recognized the rights of  organized labor, and1.it will be some  time before, organized labor fails to re-  ,cognize their injustice; Tlielr r-rford  ranges are sold in B.;C:   J-J:,A������'.'''���-:V'���'-���  The public debt of the United States  amounts to $12.97 per capita; that of  Russia is $25, that of the United Kingdom SS2.55, and that of France $151. In  1S40 the United States debt;was but  21 cents; in lS52.it was $2.67, and in 1S65,  the highest, it was $76.98. A" A  society cannot be manufactured���it  must grow. Society is an organism, not  a machine. It can only live by the in  dividual life of Its parts. And in the  free and natural developments of all  the parts will be secured the harmony  ot the whole. All that is necessary' to  social regcnerntloin Is Included in the  motto, "land and liberty."���Henry  George's "Progress and Poverty."  Sandon Ik in a h������ of a llx. lt has  lost Its head, thai Is, It has no mayor,  niul the whole municipal machinery  bus come to a dead stop. One beauty  about (his unique illlcniimi Is the fact  that nobody can get a cent out of the  public, treasury, equally true Is It thnt  it can't collect a cent of taxes. Couldn't  some judge be induced to appoint  "Hilly" .MacAdain as a'commissioner  to run the town'.' What he don't know  about running a town, well���-  There is a res tun rant in this city run  entirely by Chinese. The meals are  served up cheap, and a: special bid is  made for the worklngmen's trade. The  joint does a big business. There are  ilso union restaurants. White working  men who will patronize the yellow  nice, Instead of their own, merit the  severest contempt of men of, principle.  They are not one whit better than  Chinamen. When they come out of the  Place they slink away like whipped  curs.   Is  it any Wonder they   do 11?  A small boy has written the Toronto  Star asking if he may call his puppy  King Edward. The Star suggests that  lie should ask Mayor Maude. Should  that august personage give permission,  the curs bearing that'name .will become so numerous that most of ?them  will be led to.the lethel chamber���If not  vve vvouid soon be hearing that a boy  was bitten on the hand or'heel by a  cur called 'King Edward and that the  latter had been shot. That vvouid never  do.���Ex.    . ���������';.';  Thc striking machinists ; In Kingston  were the means of bringing out a judgment In tbe police court of that city  by Police Magistrate Duffy, which wo  venture to say has never been excelled  for peculiarity in Canada or any other  country. Think of it, you'workingmen,  to have a magistrate say to three  workingmen that they are lined $50 and  costs each for One month! in jailTfor  picketing and then offering them the  option of paying a line or .calling the  strike off and going to work, on which  condition the line would not be enforced. This is compulsory arbitration  vvith ,n vengeance.  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  Wonderful  Case of Self-Control.  .The republican party controlling the  trusts will be the most wonderful case  on      record : of '   self-control.���Duluth  World.  Sub.���So far as we know lunacy is  on the increase. We are not surprised  at this. Many people seldom take the  trouble to think, and brains for lack  of exercise, or from the1 the effects ot  alcohol, or maybe from overwork of the  body and not enough of nourishment,  soon break down. ,  On account of the "expense"! to the  city, Aid. Brown insisted 'nt last Monday night's mcetlng'.of'.the city council  that Friday be declared'a civic holiday  instead of Thursday, as asked for by  Mayor Koary. of New Westminster.  The other aldermen fell In line. Frid.ay  is children's day. at the Westminster  Fair. On Thursday there will be a lacrosse, match and other features for  the big folks, which will be equally interesting to boys and girls. A majority  of the council will in all likelihood now  make Thursday a public holiday. Two  holidays such as these won't hurt the  'kids." and one vvill suit everybody  else, excepting maybe the cily council.  Church vs. Union.  It is said that the Archbishop, ot  Quebec Ihas appointed ."a,spiritual director of trades unions." It may now  be in order for the labor, men to appoint  "a trade union director of.the church."  ���Toronto Toller.  'LONGSHOREMEN STRIKE.  Apropos of the longshoremen's strikeat  Seattle, tlie Union Kecord of that city  says: 'Longshore work, nt any timo is; a  strenuous occupation. The worjc is  hard, disagreeable and intermittent,  Every man out of a job gravitates to the  water front, and tliu result is tlio continual struggle, uu the part of men who  depend on the loading and unloading of  vessels for a living all the time to obtain  decent pay or rational hours. To" be  competent in this calling rcipiiris  experience in this kind of work as it.  docs in oilier kinds. Thero'aru a great  many men wlio have devoted years to becoming competent in this culling. Tliey  ttrj residents of the city, and t buy and  tbeir families depend upon waterfront  employment fur a living. They are tlie  men who composu the 'Longshoremen's  Union, tbu chief objects of which arc to  seeuru reasonably steady work at fair  wages, that tbey may continue to be  good citizens and rear sons to be tbe  same. Hut the Bullishness of man  operates against them more directly  than any otlier class of workmen. On  the other bnnd, they have to contend  against tliu ne'er-do-wells who will work  a day to earn a fow cents to dissipate  upon, and on the other hand a class of  employers (well-paid agents of great  corporations)-who look upon working-  men us merely beasts of burden, and  treat them accordingly. That's' why  tliere have been ninny strikes on tlie  waterfront, and it's tbo cause of the  present one. Stripped of all line-spun  technicalities tliat interested people seek  to inject into the trouble, the 'longshoremen's strike is simply a light on  their part to maintain their prerogatives  as men; on the part of tliu shipping  companies, to make of tbeir; laborers  semi-slaves. The union longshoremen  is tliu better citizen tbu better wages' lie  receives. For that reason (leaving out  all considerations of humanity���which  corporations do not recognize) the longshoremen deserve to win thoir strike,  and every loyal citizen hopes that thev  will.  TRADE AND WAGES.  John Chinaman Objectionable.  My line lndy sometimes turns up her  nose when forced to. sit: in a street car  b-aside John Chinaman. There is more  reason for her doing so if she uses the  handkerchief or utable napkin he  washes.���Toronto Toiler.  Conservatives .vs. Progressives. '  It is curious, considering the scorn  evidently entertained by that eminently  respectable old matron, the conservative party, tor third parties, the avidity with which ; the progressives' platform has been endorsed by the conservatives, at. Revelstoke.: "'Tis more  progressive than the progressives"  proudly_exclaims_an  astonished  local  high and dry.���Kossland World.  The idea of socialism Is grand and  noble; ifnd.lt is, I am convinced, possible of realization; but such a stale of  C. Ellis, corner Cambie and Cordova streets, is the place you can get  your hair cut in nn artistic manner.  Tbe ratepayers of Revelstoke hnve  curried a by-law to purcha.se from the  Revelstoke Water, Light nnd Power  Company tlielr plants, franchises, etc.  lleveistoke Is a progressive little town.  ^^������������������������������������������* ��������������������� ���������*' ��� ���������     A  A Clock Sale.  t  Whenever there Is a special Sale on at Trorey's you'enn'.count on  It that a sensible renson Is always at the back of It.  Just'now we are .selling a. certain line of Clocks at a specially  low price. We have put a. lot of tliem in our west window. Tbe  large card therein tells you the absolute truth, viz.: Clocks thai  were from $4.50 to $0.00, you can have your choice now lor  J 2.73.  They are In oak and walnut cases; wind every eight days; strike  the half hour on a cathedral gong and nil are warranted excellent  timekeepers. We are preparing already for Christmas. That's the  reason for this sale.  '.���.  Tbe  Jeweler -.atid. Diamond  Merchant  TOR. OBANVILU: AND HASTINOS STREETS.  Official Watch Inspector of the C. P. R.  &S&j9j9l&j9J9J&j9j9.9j9.9'-9^  If the wages of tbe workers in Canada  were to suffer n reduction of 23 per cent,  it would "mean tliat one-quarter of all  tbe money now spent by tlie mechanics  and laborers over tho business counters  would  have   to'  be   curtailed.   There  would bo one,, quarter less money   in  circulation;   tliat   would   reduce   tlie  demand for farm produce and manufactured goods oiic-fotirtli.   In other'words  would   bankrupt   one-quarter   of   the  business men, it would stagnate trade  and place mortgages on the farms.   If  wages were reduced one-half instead of  one-quarter it would   be   tliat   much  worse.   Tlie Uniteil^tates Bureau  of  Statistics is authority for the statement  Unit union  men  receive '20 -per   cent,  more in  wages   than non-union men.  Trade unions always maintain a high  wage  rate.   When   tlie   mechanic  or  laborer receives an increase of wages be  spends tliat increase over the merchant's  counter.   Increase   tbe   wages of   tlio  producers in Canada sny only ten  per  cent, and you have one-tenth more money  circulating in the country than formerly.  Localities where organization of labor  is lacking are always recognized as poor  places for business, whereas on the other  hand cities tli at are thoroughly organized  arj always conceded to bo progressive  centres.  Every advance of wages gai nud by  organization benefits the merchant, and  every reduction in'the hours of labor  means tiie opportunity for more artiztins  to secure employment.  The trade union is: the only form of  organization that has raised thc rate of  wages and reduced the number of hours  in tlie working day. These are facts  that business men should realize, the  trade union should always receive tlieir  support. Low wages and long hours aro  alvviiys-a inoiiacc-to-biisiness-and-the  trade union stands irrevocably opposed  to both.  1 Interesting Items ?  I *      For Week-End  Shoppers.  DRESS GOODS. f  Three hundred yards ot Zebi-  *  line Suiting in brown, navy, myrtle and grey, extra good value.  SPECIAL   .30c yard  Klght   pieces   of   Herringbone  Suiting, heavy weight, In browns,  fawns,  blues    and    greys;  ver  suitable for   walking   skirts,  -Inches'wide. ���  SPECIAL   DOc yard   J  RIGS. ���  ns, T  cry  I  SO 4  Pomona Rugs, In a mixture of  fnvvn and white. We have onlyi  a few of these Rugs. Regular  price $2.50.  SPECIAL ....   ....   .....1.50  CORSETS.  HER MAJESTY CORSET, spe-  eailly adapted for stout figures;  low, bust and long hip; made of  French Coutille. Regular price  54.00.        .SPECIAL  ....   ....$2.50 4  170   Cordova    St.,   Vancouver.. *  We reach wherever the mail? h  reach. 9  Are You doing Shooting on the S$t  You will find a full  lino of everything  necessary at - u    "  CHAS. E. TISDALL, 527 Hastings St.  RAVE YOU MET HIM.  Ho used to bo witb Irving,  EUen Terry js liiafrlonti;  Kdwia Booth onco sent ft letter,  >        'TwftR a gilt-edged "recommend.*'  Nat Goodwin said, "None better,"  Primrose laughed long and loud,  While Louis JftinCBWHfjfiHloua,  Fred Warde of him was pivud.  Ua knew our only Pastor  When he wns ou the "bum,"  "When 'Tony* was bo rotten,  A tunc ho couldn't hum."  And "rolling-mill" John Kelly  Would never have been Keen,  lt this tic tor (?) had not found him,  Down South in New Orleans.  He knew old P. T. Itanium,  Aud put him "next" one day,  Tluicto humbug ull the people  Was what .was sure to pay.  Sells' and Kingliug's circus  Asked him to run thair show,  But he wired "Thanks for offer.  Your salary's too low."  AVasaguestotPadercwskl'H, ' [  Supported all the biaw, '"'������  Knows all the leading showmen  From New York up to Murs.  Lunched with Adcltna Palti,  Knew Melbatwhen a girl,  Taught May Irwin rug-time,  (For this he was a churl).  \Vlth Hrtverly he toured the.world,   ���  "70���Count 'cmi-Strongr*  Hut now is lirud of show biz,  Can hire actors for a song.  He now lives in the country?  Where clams and lish abound.  For.he's working in a Raw-mill  u.      Near Seattle, Putjtit Sound.  -Lus Vehnon, in San Francisco Towu Talk.  HELP ONE ANOTHER.  Centuries ago tliu old Kumnn philosopher Seneca said, "God divided man into  men tlml they might help onu another."  A greater than Seneca suid, "Hear ye  onoitnolhur'H ImrduiiH." Thousands! in  onr mm land are delving und struggling  agaiiwt adverse conditions without hope,  aud with no Hiker lining to the clouds  which overhang them. Thu touch of li  gentle hand or the voice of u good  Samaritan would Eoncl u thrill nl joy  into their innermost souls, and "hearts  that were, hrokeu would ���viliratu once  more." Let uh all resolve to, lie more  zealous uud active in our future efforts  for the good of others. In the teachings  of lhe great Xazarine no subject is made  more prominent than tliu brotherhood  of man. Urotlierhood is hy him  described as being so pure and Hointeuse  lhat a man will even lay down his: life  for his friends; himself has given us an  example.  THK A Mi UM ISN'T KltOM,NATURE.  (Addressed to "Vo Sclunliliu Individualist.',')  Had Atom unto atom snid  " To light o lull other we were made,"  Where thin hml liuon your moleetilc?  Hnld molecule to moleculs  " Coutuntion be our golden rnlo,"  .Wliere then hml'keoii your nuclei?.  Had nuclei frowned on nuclei  In all etemul rivalry,  Where ta.ul your sun and stars been then?  .Or had'the planets but essayed  Each orb ills uelghbourorb tu raid,  Where had your spli jrie music been?  Twas mutual lovu'that thrilled the void  And Btrong attraction umilloyed  That make thu special n glons glow! '  Thus wc that war with selfish might  Have nature with us in iho light-  Nature in atom, earth, and hjii.  While tliey whose drciirn is civil fray  Swift back to chaos leud the way  To chaos aud oieniHlnight.  How nobler far tdl pure to bo  One note in some great harmony  Than jarring discord strong to mar!  .1. CiKltARD MACPKKIIXON.  k ������������������������� ���������������������������������������������� �������������������  *  ABSOLUTE *  COMPREHENSIVE '                           ���  FAITHFUL ��  GENUINE 9  INEXPENSIVE ��  PROFITABLE X.  RELIABLE X  SAFE J  SURE ���       .          X  TRUSTWORTHY ���  Easily...  Lengthened  Of what other Investment than Life Insurance can all these adjectives be as trutWullly descriptive!   Any ons or two place a ae-  cirrity In a high class; all combined make   It   noteworthy.    Many  '   more might Justly be appll?d to Life Insurance���THE.lnvestment of  the age.        '  UNION CMUTUAL POLICIES are every whlt.in'llne in progres-  slveness,    values   and   privileges���contracts that not only aim to    9  .   protect but really do ln the minutest particulars.   All facts cheer-   f>  fully furnished free. 9  9  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo |  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.   t  Call or write for particulars and plans T  9  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver.'B.C.   ���  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager. ,|  999  ������  The season Is now hero when you will require to purchase ono of those swell  rain-proofed coats In order, to protect -yourselEfrom the inclemency of the weather. Wo carry all the latest styles'of RAIN-PROOFED CLOTH COATS.,including Cravcnotto and Leo Bros.' the eel ebratcd English manufacturers, llnest  qualities. They are handsome garments, and range In iprice from JrVlri to 1WO.  XVe have also the cheaper qualities, ono very stylish line selling Tor iflSL  ' MACKINTOSH'CO ATS���We have the very-hest goods manufactured by this:  old reliable ttrm, In all the new shades, from $10 to $20. We havo the llnest Black  Vicuna Inverness Coat. ,  No better goods are manufactured In the world than tho above lines. Inspection ' invited.   s,  ���Mall orders receive-prompt'attention. .,.  CLIJBR   ��>   STEWART,  Telephone 702. 1(50 Cordova Street.  Five hundred'.'boxes''extra ch'oici'  apples, regular prico $1 per box, Saturday ouly SOc.   At thc City Grocery.  The Vernon News says that the ���conservatives under the able leadership of  Sir John A. Macdonald iind-Charles  Tupp,er gave the west to Canada. Tho  recollection of our political editor does  not extend back to the date of the Pa>  cillc scandal, but wc always had it put  up that the conservatives under the  able leadership of Sir John A. Mac-  doniilil and Charles Tupper gave the  west to the Canadian Paclllc. The only  change In policy that we have noticed  In thirty years Is that It is now the��� liberals under the able leadership of Wilfrid Laurier nnd Clifford Slfton who  art' giving' away the west, and It Is  [Jill & Ban of the Canada Northern  who arc gcttiag 11.���Paystrenlt.  i n imn  iill  $u|)|)ly  From Their nanalmo, bonthfleld and  Protection Inland ^olllorles,  Steam,  �����a$  and  House Coal  Ol the Following Gritdea:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of the Mlao,  WaahedNut and  ,       Sotwonlnn*  SAMUEL M. ROnlNS, fiuperinlendeol.  EVANS, COLEMAN '&'��� KVANS, AgentQ  Vancouver City, B. C.  ~.^^^,-.-        *���''WtkWXW ''m^V,'-  'jaa\\*mi ���'''___������'_���   ____Pto''  THERE.IS  .ofi^Fircor Injury,,.,..,  Health when you us>  the  UNION BAKFJIITR6  XV. D. Mulr, Mount Pleasant.  Ttobt.  McDonald,    Avenue    Baikery,  Westminster avenue.  Montrcsil. Oaikory,  Westminster avenue.  F. Adams,  Scotch Bakery, Hastings  streot.  W. D. Kent, 5C Cordova street.  Toronto Candy  Company,    Cordova  street.  ,.J. Oben, Hastings street.  Mlnchcn Co., Granville' street  Barnwell Bros., Granville street  It. A. Townley, Granville atreet.  i>i4���BfSC  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES.  BEST SEKVICL  Imperial Limited  The price is now  such that almost,everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  a 6. f til  LTD.  "Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  91! Hours to Montreal���Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.  Transcontinental     Passenger   Train  loaves dully at 14 o'clock.  Sea'tlle and Whatcom Express leaves  dally at 9.05 o'clock.  EMPHKSS OF INDIA..   ..'   ..JULY..28  TA'ilTAIl  ....       ....AUGUST 4  1D.MPIIKS8 OK JAPAN  .. AUGUST 18  SAILINGS    FOR    HONOLULU    AND  AUSTRALIA.  MOANA..   ....:.   ....   ..   ..JULY 25  M.IOWERA... .....' .. :.. .AUGUST 22  And every four weeks thereafter.  For full particulars aa to time, rates,  etc., apply to  B. J. COYIiB,���'���'���;;������' -    JAB. SCLATBR,  A.' G. P. A. ' Ticket Agent,  Vnncouvcr, B. C. ���  428 Hastings St.  Vancouver, B.C.  ic  Works  importers and Bo^tler^  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  I'  4  i.  "a.5:: * 11  SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 27, 1902  THE INDEPENDENT.  II. A. URQUIMRT,  Hardware,  Stoves,   Ganges,   Etc.  Hastings Street East.  35  sign that you are not well, but are liable  ty die any minute'. Pay your subscription a year in advance for Thk Independent, and ���thu8 secure arid make  yourself solidfor. a good obituary notice.  eoe  For Qood Reliable  ������e  Boot* and Shoes  GO TO  .moras FROM THE  COMING TOWER.  UY REX.  j [The conning toner ot a modern battleship is  tt email armored pilot house nt lhe forwnrd  end ol the ship, from which iho captain  makes liis observations and directs the  courso. ol his vessel. In times ot wur or  peace, in calm or storm, lt is ti vantage  point from wliich to seo tlilnES. Il thus be  comes a happy symbol ol tlio attitude ot  one who loves te look out over the wide sea  ol human life, und report his connotations.]  Ilia name is Fletcher, from Alaska, in  ���. Seattle. Hut if lie was on this side of  .-the line, it'would be Dennis.  considered they had a right to wreck  the plant. No use-talking. Japs will  imitate their white brothers. The Jap  editor probably forgot he had a "shooting stick." The Im)i:i'e.vi>i:nt keeps an  overgrown razor always within reach.  Bosco, the snake eater, who has visited this city on several occasions, was  bitten by a snake while performing.at  Everett, Wash. lie was taken to Seattle for treatment. The snake was  young, having conly ono rattle. Bosco  v ill recover.  Mr. John D. Rockefeller is not a man  who when he opens'his mouth invariably puts his foot in it. But he did so  in a recent ifddress to a class of Sunday  school scholars, when he said that the  formaof giving which most delighted  him was in giving; wages to workingmen.  "Giving" waa a bad word in that connection. Mr. Rockefeller does not t>e-  stow charity when he offers work. The  money hu pays out is paid for service  performed ��� for valuo received. This  idea that the employer makes a gift  when he pays a man a salary or a wage  is absurd. The workingman exchanges  his commodity for that of his employer,  and that's all there is to the relationship. Mr. Rockefeller no moro "gives "  anything when he pays an employee  than he does when he pays for a horte  or for a meal at a restaurant. Mr.  Rockefeller appears to be getting into a  frame of mind in which he thinks himself rather too much of a deputy /Providence.  CAN  Union Directory.  NION  store  in   Seattle  advertises  It is said that tho world contains eight  wonders.   When this was compiled, it  "is evident that the aldermen of Vnnc'ou-  ��� ver had not been seen or heard of.  Someone told us tho other day that  ���.some of the business men in town are  . aoslowand unenterprising that when they  .close up theirmortal career they will  ��� not leave an estate behind large enough  - to buy a necktie for an ant.  Wouldn't Aid. * Wylie look nice, and  walk pretty,,if ho could only he knight-  -.cd.. But who would ever buy his photo  . or read an article in a ���qiiigiusinjB written  by himself, entitled". WhaWtte&Public  iin Vancouver Thinks of *Me."  1 i,"      ���,   ,  i<,������ -i    ���  i (, i  We have noticed that when a man  has a birthday he takes a day off.   But  , when   a "woman  has" one she takes   a  ;.co\iple of years off.  %$" ' aXX". "l7~"r^  ���  '  '���  ""Whata pleasure it must be to the edi-,  ��� tor of the Paystreak to just think what"  .difference their is* in'sdcial'laws. Por  . instance, the way the.allegedi poor unintelligent ' miners treated him on his  xeturn home from that little business  -affair of court and the manner the high-  toned, college-graduate judges welcomed  'him. Give me the "uneducated"  .miner every time.  ���A  shoe  thuslv:  i  Nothing for ladies,  Nothing for babies,  hut the best of everything for mon.  Crowds of women  are turned away  every day.   Mad, you know.  In the United States the samo newspapers that roasted William Jennings  Bryan for touring the country, speaking  from the car platform, etc., are filled  with columns upou columns daily at  the present time, priltsing President  Roosevelt for his superb speeches from  the hind end of the train at 'each, jdijce  he visits;'i It seems to the man'-in the  tower like tlie game of "big I, and little  Vou."      -,''.'     ''.      .  AVe notice that over in tho old country  labor organizations by the hundred pass  resolutions of thanks to .their .labor  representatives in parliament in recognition of their services. In this country  the rule is to "knock" them- every time  there is tho least opening.  Thc color of the uniform now worn by  the United States army will be changed  from blue to green. No doubt ,lhe  United States will: use"the "_ Wearing of  the Green" as its national air. It is a  fact that contractors must live, be they  ones of steel, iron, paper or cloth. *  'Hats "for'women ofthe latest style  "have veils draped over tho brims, falling  _gracefully behind.   We admit that girls  Por a city with such a large number  of organized unions as Seattle has, it is  iivname ttrbee such an excellent little  paper as the Ifuion Record receive so  poor patronage. When'one glances !at  its advertisements.he wonders, how the  owners can afford to' publish it. No  doubt every union man in Seattle who  can afford to pay for a paper at all,  either take . the Post-rntelligencer or  Times. Of course both these papers  publish labor, news, and the  union (?)  ELIMINATE STRIKES.  In a recent interview in the Hamilton  Herald, P. G. R. Gordon, of Boston,  Mass., speaks of how industrial peace  may be secured. Mr. Gordon is a  representative of the Boot and Shoe  Workers Union in the Eastern States,  while E. W. A. O'Dell, oi Hamilton,  Out., who visited this city recently, is  tlie Canadian representative. At  present both these men are touring  .Eastern Canada before coming West.  Mr. Gordon says:  " Under our present policy, strikes in  a union shoe factory are an impossibility.  When we grt\nt thejuse of our stamp to  a manufacturer, we enter into, an  agreemont>l-by a signed contract   that  You can create political power, says Jolni  Bright. ''  But you cannot find a suit in Vancouver  equal to a Fit-Reform garment.  One trial ensures us your future custom and  explains why thousands ��� are wearing Fit-Reform  garments in preference to any other.  THE VANCOUVER- TRADES AND"  Labor Council- meets first and third  Thursday in each month, at 7:S0 p. ac  President, W. J. Lamrick: vice-president,  P. J. Russell; secretary, T. H. Cross; financial secretary, J. T. Lilley; treasurer,,  C. Crowder; sergeant-r.t-arms, C. 3r-  Salter; statistician, J. H. Browne.  Ihikt WAIST AND LAUNDRY  WORKERS UNION, No. .105���Meeta  overy 2nd and 4th Thursday in each,  month in Union Hall. President, G. W.  Rowlands: corresponding- secretnry. H.  Alltroe, 1927 Richards Street; ilnancial  secietury. Miss M. Whitman; treasurer.  M1-.S Jeolousc; dclCKates to Trades and  Labor Council, G. XV. Rowland-", J. Har-  Ble, W.t McDermott and 1. J. Colthart.  BUILDERS'" LABORERS FEDERAL-  Union, No 32, Vancouver���Meets every  Thursday evonlmr at S o'clock. In room  No. 1, Union Hall. President, Fred. Collins; secrotary, II. Seller-,, Western  Hotel; delegates to Building Trades  Council, 11. Sellers, G. Payne and John  Sullj.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS* INTERNATIONAL UNION, No 120���President,  Fred Hawe; vice-president, J. A. Dlbden;  eonespondliiK-tinancial secretaiy, J. A.  Stewai i, 51 Cordova St ; recorder, E. H.  Gooclmurphy; treasurer, G. Bower;  guide, A. 11. Legntt; guardian. G. Bowers; delegates" to T. & L. Council, J. A.  Dlbden and Fred Hawe. Meets flrst and  third Wednesdays of each month in;  Union Hall.  Equal to best custom-made at a half less  in  price.  . rit-i  Wardrobe f  333 Blastings Street, Vancouver, B.C. 2  Self Measurement Blanks and Samples on Application. - 9  Nail Orders Promptly Attended to. 9  M l  WAITERS AND WAITRESSES UNION,  Local No. 28. President, Charles Over;  vice-president, A. N. Horrlngton; secretary-treasurer, J. H. Perkins Meeting  every Friday evening at S 30 o'clock In  Union Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmplr  streets.  VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226, meets the fourth Monday  In each month at Union Hall. President,  C. S. Campbell; },Ice-president. H. W.  King, secretary, S J. Gothard; P. O. box  CU; treasurer, Gep. Wilby; sergeant-at-  arms, A. F. Arnold; executive committee, F. W. Fowler. G. E. Plerrott, W.  Brand, Robt. Todd; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, W. Biand, S. J. Gothard,  F. W.  Fowler.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second anij fourth Wednesday o��  each month in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at S p. m. President, Robt. Brunt; vice-  president, Chas. Bennett; secretary, A.  G. Perry, 33 7th A\cnue; treasurer, F. C.  O'Brien; conductor, Ed. Manning: warden, A. J. Wilson;, sentinel. J. Howes;  delegates to Trades and Labor Council!  C. Bennett, Robt. Brunt, Geo. Lenfesty,  A. J. Wilson and J. Howes.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every"  second and fourth Wednesday ln Union>-  hall, room No. 2. President, A. E. Coffin;  vice-president, Joseph Dixon; recordina  secretary, Geo. Dobbin; financial secretaiy, J. M. Sinclair; treasurer, J. Ferguson; conductor, G. Fingley; warden, G.  H. Blair; delegates to the Trades and  Labor council, R Macpherson, X M.  Sinclair, Geo Dobbin. Jos Dixon, Geo.  Adams; delegates to the Building Trades  Council, M. McMullcn, Levi C. DeWoIfe.  I   ���  and  i  look pretty'in these veils.   Indeed, they | mmi instead of helping himself as well  ��� do.   Yet we can't help thinking wlien  we see these hats with veils on women,  .eay about sixty, tliat they look as if  - tliey have been on a picnic all day, and  hadn't time to go home. >  The slowc-t tiling in'Vaneouver, out-  _sidu uf .tliu snail iu the  park, is the  No��b-Advertiser.  - Two Japs in Seattle, assaulted the edi-  -tor  of tlie Northwest Journal," a Jap  newspaper, run a crowbar through one  -of the "forms" tliat was standing, broke  the press and destroyed tlie office.   The  two Japs were arrested. They claim the  . editor of the Journal published a scan-  -dal about one of their countrymen and  ��" Union is  Strength"  as the proprietors of tlie labor paper,  to the end of keeping up' the light for  tlie enlightenment and education of  wage-earners, will not subscribe for a  paper that rights his battles, but pays  his money to a paper that will advocate  placing hiin in jnil for askirig for work,  or refers to him as a hobo or tramp. A  working man can well afford the price  of.suoscriptioii, to liis party paper, as  well, if he wishes, to any other-paper.  It's well enough to'learn the news of  the world, but the bigv dailies have np  time to champion the rights or troubles  of workingmen. They do not get- paid  to boost the wage-getter as a'rule; Tiru  I.Ni)i;i'K.vni:NT_as an advertising medium  is  far  superior  to either the  World,  9  e  ��� 0  9  9  -9  9  ���0  9  0  9  ��� 9  Tlie   Union   Brand   On  o  ���9  9  0  9  ���9  9  9  9  ���  -9  9  ���9  9  ��0  Stands for all that is  Strongest and Best.  -T1IE-  Provinco, or News-Advertiser of this  city, contidcring that it is a weekly, for  tlie fact that it goes into tlie homes of  tlio labor class���and they are the patronizes "of tho stores.. See the point?  A�� we mentioned at the beginning of  this paragraph its too had that the  union men in Seattle tlo not aid, push  and help tlie publishers of tho Union  Uecord to get out the lurgoit and best  and nio&t successful representative of  tlieir cause in western America. Juati  before 1 close let me udd tlmt 'I'm: Ix-  i)i:i'K.vi)i:.vr deserves bc'tter 'treatment  thun it is (letting at the linnds of some  uf the local unions.  thero shall be no strike or lockout  that all questions'6'f wages or conditions  of labor which cannot bo settled by  mutual'agreement shall be submitted  to a- Wat'd-of arbitration, and the  decision of this board shall be final and  binding upon thc employer, the union  and thu employes. I n Massachusetts the'  state board of arbitration is chosen as  our arbiter, and' if Canada, or the  province of Ontario, had an oflical board  of arbitration, we.would be glad to have  such board act us our joint arbiter here.  However in Canada, iind most of the  states a boiird.of arbitration is provided,  and thus strikes,are eliminated from  this great boot and shoe industry. '  ' A I'OWi;itI'UL union.  " This is the policy that has gained for  us industrial peace during thu past three  years, aud has made the Boot and Shoe  Workers' union n very powerful  organization witli 25,000 members and  an income"-of $150,000 a year. The  growing demand, both in Canada and  the United States, for union stamped  shoes makes it of mutual advantage  to both capital and labor to produce  shoes under this wise and peaceful  policy."  " How does this policy effect otlier  organ izatioifs"? "  " Well, you know that   old saying,  P. O. BOX Me.  'P^ONK 179.  W��.j:'��MeMlLLAN>&'-Ca  ' 9.  ���9  Wholesale Agents for  {TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS |  Brandsi >  .MONOGRAM, , MARGUERITA, BOUQUET,  <     OUR SPECIAL, . .EL'JUSTILLO,'  , EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS,    '     SCHILLER, "'  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union, No. 161.���  Meets the first and third Monday in each,  month at 8 p. rn , In Union hall, Homer  street. President, Robert Gray; financial  secretary,-?! George Nesbltt, 1207 Homer  street; recording secretary, D. Robinson,  box 37, Vancouver, B. C ; delegates to  tho Trades and Labor council, William  Latham, D. Robinson, R. Edwards..i  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113. W.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  m.'ln Forester's Hall, Van Anda.. President, John D. Fraser; vice-president, J.  XV. Austin; secretary, Alfred Rapcr;  treasurer, A. G. Delfrhton: conductor,  "Wm. A. McKay; warden, Henry Fatter-  .son.  Corner Alexander Street nnd Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  I  VlMIH  1862  'lOll'i  ��� 1902  Provincial Exhibition  9  9  '   (LIMITED.) ".   ~"<"' 9  MAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPfO, MAN.     ���  ���a��6��f9��0eee����9������e��6i  ' Nothing succeeds like success,' is juBt  as true to-day as ever, and the fact that  we are making a magnificent success,  and have for tliree years demonstrated  our plan to be a lirst-class business  proposition for both employer and  employe, has caused many otlier trade  unions to look witli favor upon our uon-  strikji policy.  n.Aius or noni kkwmni:sici>.  "In bringing about this win1 policy  the Hoot and Shoe Workeis' union  recognized that the claims of both parties  must be under.-tood by each. Wliere  differences occur tlie claims of lioth i-ides  must be caliny discussed. This new  policy may be termed 'collective  bargaining,' and this has brought not  only industrial peace, but a better  feel in;: between both sides."  " IV11lit will bu the final effect of your  policy ? "   was asked.  " Most far-reaching, in  fact il means  nothing short of a complete revolution  in trade   unionism   in   America.   Tho  If you have frequent headaches, diz/.i- nation that succeeds in establishing a  ness,   fainting  spells, accompanied by permanent-industrial peace will   have  chills,   cramps,  corns,  bunions,  chil- such a tremendous economic  advantage  Mains, epilepsy and jaundice, it is a over other nations that thoy in turn will  '      *  Under the Auspices of  The Royal Agricultural and Industrial Society of B. C.  Will be Held at  -ON-  Sept. 30, Oct. I, 2 and 3 Inclusive.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF  Electrical Workers, Vancouver Local,  No. 313���Meets second and fouith Tuesdar  In cacl^month In Union hall, room No. 4.  President, Geo Cowling; \ ice-president,  R. P. Irwin; recording secretary, A. D.  Hots'on, 035 Richards street; financial  secretary, John Dubberley. "'   CIGARMAKERS' UNION NO. 357���  Meets the flrst Tuesday In eaeh month  In Union Hall President,, C. L -Kuhn;  vice-president, C. Parsons: secretary, J.  C. Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory?  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  ;irms. J. Schuylmeycr; delegates ta  Trades and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. L.  Kuhn and John Millan. .  THE RETAIL CLERICS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brien's Hall, tho first an*  third Tuesdays of eaeh month. D. Mo"  Lean, president; W. J. Lamrick. �����������-  tary. 243 Princess street. *  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AJ*D  DECORATORS. Local Union No. IM.  Meets 2nd & 4th Thursday in Labor Hall.  President, W. Pavier; vice-prcKlaent, W.  Halliday; recording secretary, E. Crush,  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Gothard. 822 Howe street: treasurer, H. MeSorley.    INTERNATIONAL ��� ASSOCIATION OF  Machinists ���Beaver Lodge, No '.8S ���  Meets second nnd fouith Monday in;  each month in Union hnll Pip��l<��nt I  R. Edwards: vlce-pre-sldent. Fievl Knight;  recording secretary. Geo. Downe\: Ilnancial secretary, H J Littler. 573 Hastings  street east, treasurer, E Tlmmins;  guard. F   Coughlin.   -Open to the Wokld-  $20,000���IN PRIZES AND ATTRACTIONS���$20,000  ATTRACTIONS  Corner Stone Carnegie Library will be  laid   -nith   appropriate.ceremonies  the M. W. Grand Lodge, A. F. and A. M. of British Columbia.     ,  by  A Vancouver physician who belongs  to n curtain church was asked by a  cramp ami atonic dyspeptic patient,  what lie bhoulil take as a tonic to tone  up his system. The doctor said he  could not tell him, but wrote the answer, and it was this: "I. Timothy  v, 23." Get out the Bible and find tho  answer.   Tho doctor is a teetotaller.  LACROSSE   MATCH  SHAMROCKS OF MONTREAL,   . WESTMINSTER LACROSSE TEAM,  (Champions of the World) (Champions of British Columbia)  BAND, TOURNAMENT, MAGNIFICENT ILLUMINATIONS, GRAND  CONCERTS, SCOTTISH SPORTS.  Monster Excursions from all Points at greatly reduced fates.  Executive���T. J. Trapp (President), Aid. Sinclair,, Aid. Ryall, Aid. Hart,  G. D. Brymner, W. J. Mathers, It. F. Anderson, W. It. Gilley, L. A. Lewis,  H. Jardlno.  Geo. Adams.  ! 'GOD   SAVE   THE   KING.  For Prize Lists, Entry Forms and full particulars write to  T. J. TRAIT, President. \V. |[. KI.ARY, .Manager and Secretarv  be forced by our competitive system to  see the wisdom of our policy."  ������"In the Iirst place, you see, our label,  or stamp as we have it, promotes  business, ami is the guide post poi nting  the way to industrial harmony. A  general demand oy the public for union  stamped shoes would guarantee peace  between 200,000 shoe workers and 2,000  manufacturers in Canada and the United  States. . '  "No trades union in the world has  ever received so large a degree of support  from tho public as our organization. To  illustrate:    John    IVaiianinker,     the  leading merchant of America, wiid to  me in his great, department store in  1'liihuUilpliia a few weeks ago; 'Young  man, you have the most sensible trade  union in the world, H'e shall be glad  to co-operative witli yon in your efforts  to establish industrial peace.' \\\ L.  Douglass, one of the largest ��� shoe  manufacturers in the worltl, is very  enthusiastic in his endorsement of our  union."  Rainier Hakes,- a breakfast miishj  without a rival, only 10c a package. At  the City Grocery.  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S  Union, No. 3���Meets in Union hall.  Homer street, every Saturday, at 8 p. m.  Steve Dames, president; Chas. Durham,  secretary pro tem.    JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AN'D CONFECTIONERS' International Union of  America, Local No 46, Vancouver, B.C.  Piesldent, T. Baxter;, vice-president, J.  Ingles; lecording secretary, F W. Bar-  tie: financial secretary, M. MaoLean, 216* ,  Westminster Avenue, Mount Pleasant;  corresponding secretary, J. Webster. 2SM  Westminster .\veue~Mount���Pleasant;-  treasurer, J. Wilkinson.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNIOT*  OF AMERICA, No 17S���.Meets 1st and.  3rd Mondays in loom 1, Union Hall.  President, C Whalcn; viee-piesident,  F. Logg; recording secretory, F. Williams, ISH 7th Ave. XV.; financial secretary, T. Wood; tre.T-tnei. XV. XV.  Toombs; scrgeant-a.t-arni'i, T. Matthews  1IAKKS A sritCUl.TY OF ,  o    oemrs sped Liqueur, oiso  o    usHGrs biock LaDei Liaueur  -LARGE STOCK OK-  IMPOKTKD AND DOMESTIC  . Ctyars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Cobner Cordova and Camuli..  HOTEL NORTH VANCOUVER.  A delightful summer resort; strictly  first-class and up-to-date in every respect.  Terms, $2 per day, $10 per week; special  rates tor families. Saddle ponies, horses  and rlge always on hand for visiting tho  Capliano, well known for Its excellent  fishing and shooting. BoatB for hire any;  time.   Band every Sunday afternoon.  P. LARSON, Prop. 1 I'i  THE RUSSIAN OLIVE.  A MoNt  Bcnntlfnl  Ornnmentnl Tree.  In Favor ln the Weht.  "Who  is  figuring  on  planting  the  bcuutlful   Russian  ollvo as nn  ornamental this spring?" asks the Denver  Field and Farm.   The tree Is liolaideally ehengnus nnd the speeies nngustl-  folia.  It belongs to the same family as  the buffalo berry, and tliey will graft  together. It was introduced In the west  nbout 1S70, and tlie llrst trees planted  nre still standing, so far ns wc are nble  to learn.   It Is growing In the higher  elevations of the sand hills of northwestern Nebraska, where It wus planted, with other trees, iniiiiy years ago.  The companion trees nre nil gone, nnd  only these survive.  Isolated specimens  make   spreading,   round   topped   but  somewhat  Irregular  trees.   In   hedge  forms it grows very much like the gray  ore fence willow.   Its follnge Is silvery  white like the buffalo berry, and with  its glossy, deep brown bark it makes  a fine tree for the Inwii. It is partially  thorny, but not to the same extent as  thc osage orange or honey locust. These  thorns in many and perhaps In most  cases nre the spurs tliat bear the blossoms and fruit.  The berry is elongated  and is nbout the size of nn ordinary  pea, covered with u sweet pulp which  when removed  leaves  the  true  seed  nbout twice as long and thick as a  good grain of wheat.  The seed is not  easy to germinate.  The wood Is light  nnd brittle.  When in bloom, the flowers,  which  are  insignificant, are' extremely fragrant, much like those of  the  flowering currant   The Russian  olive will grow readily from cuttings.  We have uot tried this, but will do so in  thn spring. It doos not sprout from the  ���roots.  The plants enn now be .bought  from most western nurserymen.  A GREAT RECORD.  A. H��liteln-Frleslnii Cow In the Lend  tin n Milk Producer.  It gives us much pleasure, says  Hoard's Dairyman, to present a picture of the cow .Mercedes .Tulip's Pi-  tertje, II. F. II. H. 394S0. albeit the  picture itself Is very far from being a  work of art or in nny sense worthy of  Its subject. It will, however, serve the  mnin purpose of Its publication, which  Is to set before the student of dairy  form the outlines and conformation of  n cow that hns recently made n new  record ns n producer of butter fat.  This cow Is the property of T. 8.  Tompkins, White Rear Lake. Minn,    o  We arc Indebted to Mr. S, Hoxle. superintendent of the Ilolsteln-Frlcslnn  Advanced Registry, for a copy of the  detailed record made by thlB cow from  Dec. IT to 23, 1001, Inclusive. For tho  llrst three days of this period she was  milked four times daily nnd for the  other four dnys three times. Ench of  these twenty-four milklngs was separately weighed and the milk tested under the personal supervision of Mr. II.  C. McKlnstry, whose competency, integrity and disinterestedness are vouch-  Rones For Decorative Gardening.  The accompanying print from n photograph was given in American Gardening to show what can be done In a  decorative way with an old farm wng-  HOSES AS CLIMBERS IN JUNE.  on road lined with yellow locusts and  its appearance on a Juno ,day. It-Is  seven yards wido and niont SOO yards  long.  Some'of the plants used on the trees  nre Itosa multitloi-a, Bennct's Seedling,  moseliatn, Dundee Rambler, Anna Maria, Rugosa and Queen of Ayrshire.  Otlier plants nre Blgnonla graiulitlorn,  Hall's honeysuckle. Ampelopsis japon-  k-u and Ampelopsis quinquofolin.  Winter Pruning of Shrnb*.  It Is nn oft repeated piece of advice,  yet as often unheeded, that fall flowering shrubs require winter pruning,  nnd usually severe pruning brings the  best results, remarks Median's Monthly-  The familiar example of such pruning is the large headed, hardy hydrangea. An uuprnned plant, especially if  old, makes a weak growth and small,  numerous heads. A plant of nny age  pruned back to a strong bud above the  old wood shoots forth with immense  vigor, and the heavy cane thus Induced mnkes a lnrge head. How difficult it Is to bring oneself to cut off  nearly all the wood just made so nicely, but how much harder to see a  weakly .plant doing Its best to sup-  -porUalLthc-old^twigs-and_strung new,  growth ns well!      ������ *��� ���  The nlthiea is another shrub to be  considered In the same class���in fnct,  all fall blooming plants. ^  MEHOEDES-JT3LIP S riETEKTJE,  ed for by~Professor nncoker of the  Minnesota experiment stntion and who  Is ulso woll known to be entirely reliable by the editors of this paper. It 13  uot so stated In the report, but we believe the fact to he that Mr. McKlnstry  was selected by Professor Haeckcr to  conduct thlstest To; make assurance  doubly sure and forestall every doubt  ns to the accuracy of the record two  other representatives of the Minnesota  stntion were detailed to keep constant  watch of the cow during the last three  days of the test.      _,    ..������;���'������  Instead of presenting nil the figures  of these successive milklngs and tests,  which would tend more to coufuslon  than'clearness for the majority of renders, we give the aggregates and averages by days ns follows:  ���  o ,  J  tt  v.  E  ofi  c ���  ��� >��  Date.  B)  ���iO .'  - Zi  "^  'A  Dec. 17   ST.7  :i.ffl-  3.1S78  4  Dec. IS   1-0.-2  4.17-  3.31S  4  Dec. 19   W.I)  ���i.it-  il.HMS  4  Dec. BO   77.:i  H..'i7-  S.7.T87  3  Dei-. HI   W.S  4.1S-  il.KlB  3  Dec. '22   Ki.7  4.KI-  ll.Tiau  3  Dec. '23   bO.O  4.1)1���  8.a;7��  3  Total   im.o  4.teo  !M.j(l.*>7  Lowest test. 10 a. m. Dec. 17. 2." per cent.  Lowest yield milk, 10 a. m. Dec. IS. lS.!i lh.  HicliuM. test, iu a. in. Dec. 19. 4.7 ner cent.  Larui-ht > loid milk.4 p. in. Due.21 und 2.1.29.S lb.  Avunigo daily yield. 63.41 lb. milk; 3.05711 lb.  fat, cquivalviilto3.lt! lb. buttur.  In nn earlier test, Nov. 20 to Dec. 2,  this cow gnve 040.S lb. milk, containing 21.1032 lb. fat, equivalent to 24.02  lb. butter when an exact account of  the feed eaten was kept. In these seven dnys she consumed 300 lb. beet  pulp, 32 lb. oats, 23Vi lb. brewers'  grains, 28 Ib. brnn, 17 lb. corn, 8 lb.  oilmcal, 37% lb. timothy liny.  Sore teats Is rather vngue. It may  menu almost anything, hb reference to  lhe definition of sore In n dictionary  will show you, and nn ointment that  would be good for sore tents arising  from one cause ls not necessarily good  for all. The term Is perhaps'most frequently applied to chronic erythema, u  disease of the skin of the teats In  which tliere nro chips or cracks. It  mny occur under a variety of circumstances, but the trouble Is mainly eon-  lined to newly calved animals. In  cows with very delicate skins this disorder is very liable to develop and Is  ditlieult to cure owing to the necessity  for regulnr milking. Sometimes Imperfect removal of the milk on account of  the'soreness of the tents gives rise to  a worse trouble in the shape of mam-  uitlis and loss of one or more quarters.  Wet milking nnd leaving the teals wet  in co.d weather is n fertile cause of  soreuoss. The proper thing to do is'to.  treaCctieh ease on Its merits, but perhaps tho most useful dressing to keep  on hand for general purposes is camphor and older ointment. Any chemist  will supply you wilh such n compound,  or it may be made by mixing half an  ounce of finely powdered camphor with  four ouncog of older ointment. Auothei useful dressing, especially when  Hies are troublesome, is glycerin and  carbolic ncid. In many cases it is necessary to draw off the mill; by means  of a heat tube or siphon. A laxative  dose, twelve to sixteen ounces of ep-  som salts, is useful7In eases of Hrythe-  mn mnuimillnvum.���Farm nnd Home.  New Crcnmerleii For loivn.  We nre advised by several creamery  supply salesmen traveling In Iowa that  the prospects for new creamery buildings this spring arc better thnn for  several years, says Creamery Journal.  A number of new factories are now  under wny, nnd as soon ns spring opens  It will keep the salesmen busy visiting  the points which are good "prospects."  No one seems to understand the cause  of tho boom wliich is surely coining, as  it would seem tlint the high price of  feed would be a discouraging feature.  But the farmers have tbe creamery fever, and tliere is good business in sight  for the creamery supply houses.  Digest Tlic-nc Facts.  Tho heavy producing cow ls whnt  concerns the dairyman most, says nn  exchange. Suppose you have n cow  that produces liiS pounds of butter a  year at 17 cents a pound, she would  bring $25.50. This is almost thc-cost of  the feed. On the other hand, if ynu  keep a cow that will produce 300  pounds of butter iu n year at 17 cents  a pound she will net you .731. Think  about this nnd road, mark, learn nnd  digest these facts.  A Darn For the Cows.  Don't keep cows ln same barn with  otlier stock. Time Is money, therefore  the bnrn should be convenient for  cleaning out. for feeding und for getting cows In nnd out. It Bhould allow  an abundance of sunshine.  BEAN GROWING.  Cheap and Sure Slt-tlio��U of Secnrtns  Sntisfnctor^   Crop*.  Good crops of beans cannot be raised  on poor ground. Beans are hard on the  lnnd, and no field should grow two  crops in succession. - Good crops of  beans are grown every year on wheat,  oats nnd corn stubble ground, but  yenrs of observation and experience  have taught me that the ileitis on  which beans enn be grown cheapest  and surest, If properly handled, are  those that were pastured pr In meadow  the previous season. Such Ileitis tnke  less labor to keep the crop free from  weeds. They sliould he plowed parly,  while there Is plenty of moisture, rolled nnd drugged often enough to keep  down everything green until planting  time, wlien thc soil will he firm, moist  nnd mellow, the ideal condition for thc  bean to germinate. Such partial summer -fallowing is the only wny to main,  tniu sullleiont moisture to enrry tlio  plant vigorously through nny dry period that often overtakes It in its early  stages, snys n Michigan correspondent  of American Agriculturist.  Mnny farmers raise excellent crops  on stubble ileitis' with no more nnd  sometimes less labor, plowing the  ground only in time to fit for planting.  With plenty of moisture this will do.but  with the droughts of June thnt our locality Is subject to this method Is risky.  The best beans should be selected for  seed. The pen variety is the only one  wo raise for markot. The planting  senson Is from June 5 to 25: The common grain drill Is used for this work,  drilling In rows twenty-eight .Inches  apart... One-half.'to three-fourths of n  bushel to tlie acre, according tb condition of the soil, Is planted.  With ordinary favorable weather the  crop attains sufficient growth in ten  days to be cultivated. If conditions nre  ''unfavorable'nnd the plant starts slowly, it would be well to run over the  ground with a spike tooth drag to keep  the weeds from starting or to mellow  the soil If It hns been crusted. The tool  generally used for cultivating is the  two horse wheel cultivator of nny  slnndnrd mnke. If the soil hns been  properly lifted, two rows cnu be cultivated nt once, ten acres being un easy  day's work.  Cultivation should be done once a  week uutil the bean begins to form.  Some good farmers will not cultivate  nfter the blossoms appear. My own  experience has taught me that cultivation, though It be so late so ns tear  apart the vines between tlie rows, never lessens the yield, nnd further, as  most of the bean ground ls sown to  wlieat, it is n partial preparation for  the wheat Beans grow rapidly, and  three to Ave cultivations are sufficient  A STRAWBERRY BED.  How to Prepare It���AVhen to Plant.  Innccts and Cover.  The strawberry requires a deep.'.rich  soil.   Prepare the ground  thoroughly  before planting, as.this is important for  hest results, snys Orange Judd Farmer.  After planting do not let your cultivating be with the object of keeping the  weeds out, but cultivate to keep the  ground   loose   and   mellow,   and   the  weeds will have no chance to gain a  foothold.  In setting thc plants do not  spread thc roots near thc surface nor  twist them Into n wnd. but spread them  out and allow them to reach straight  down Into the soil, nnd press the fresh  earth solid ngulnst the roots.   If Is n  good plan to clip the lower ends of the  roots before setting, ns they stnrt new  growth  more readily.   Clipping early  ftinners Is not necessary nnd should  not bo done by Inexperienced growers.  In northern latitudes plant early In  Mny If possible nnd cultivate well with  n view of getting n good growth of  new plants beforo tho hot, dry wenther  of Into summer stops growth nnd prevents late runners from taking root  Early rooting runners make the best  .plants   for  next  year's   fruiting.    If  plants are prevented from rooting in  early summer, they nro more llnble to  injury from the'white grub, Insects or  accidents,  nnd ench  plant destroyed  leaves a skip lu the row, while If the  runners are allowed to root early less  harm Is done If thc original plant Is injured.   Cover the  bed  in  fall1 wlien  freezing wenther comes, or if thnt is  delayed nny time in November is ull  right, and a light covering Is safest  REGULARITY OP EXERCISE.  THE ONION UP TO DATE.  A   Popnlnr  Crop  nnd   Its Caltarc  hy  the Modern Method.  The onion is having n sort of boom  in various sections just now as a good  money crop. Onions. It is hnrdly necessary to state, mny be grown from  seeds or sets. Bnlley hns described up  to dnte union culture in brief ns foi,  lows:  If seeds are used, they may be sown  in the open ground where tbe bulbs  Plnntlnrc the Pencil Orchard.'  A common practice ninong Maryland  pencil growers and one to bo com  mended is to plant the orchard oil  land that wns in some cultivated crop  the previous season. The gist of the  -whole mutter Is this: The soil cannot  be too well prepared before planting  the trees. It is dllllcult to correct faulty  preparation after the trees have becu  set. ���....'-;'���  IVews nnd Katen.  A new forcing rose, Souvenir dt-  rierrc Nottlng, a cross between Mare-  dial Nlol and Miimuii Cochet. Is reported from Europe.  It Is snld that barnyard.nnd otlier  nitrogenous manures tend to produce  blight in both apples nnd pears.  The new*:rose Ivory, the White Golden Gnte, made a lino appearance nt the  recent rose show in New York. ,  Pope Leo XIII. is n lover of ferns,  find his favorite is Adlnntum far-  leyeuse.  Violets are very easily injured by tobacco smoke.   .      ���.''.,���,-���������'".'  The flowers of the blue bonnet, the  etate llower of Texas, are of n delicate  porcelain blue and prouuee a peculiarly  beautiful effect as they occur ln masses  ln the fields.  BALANCED  ffiATiom  We hnve often referred to the very  sntlsfnetory yield of dairy products  from the herd at the Minnesota state  farm nnd cited records ns a justification for persuading farmers to give  more heed to the bnlnnced ration. Not  only could we -refer to that herd as  strongly favoring the adoption of the  methods of feeding there, but ample  testimony from other herds could bo  cited with similar results. Now and  then came reports from readers that no  bcncllclul results followed the feeding  of u balanced ration. To such it wus  nlwnys explained thnt Improved methods of feeding must" begin with a cow  =fresh-ln-mllk=and=that=when=sbe-liad  shrunken In her flow she could not be  made to Increase Its supply of protein  unless she hnd access to succulent feed,  like new pasture. If there is provided  an ample amount of protein during the  winter, the How of milk would not materially''increase, but. wheu cows are  turned to pasture in the spring the succulent, .'palatable "nnd easily digested  young grass Invariably brings an increased yield of milk, writes Professor  T. li. Hneckcr lu Farm, Stock and  Home.  Bockirhent Hull*. .  'V'C.n.'Q.; Mauston, Wis., deferring to  nn nrtlele published in Hoard's'Dairyman wherein wc commented somewhat  on buckwheat shorts,and buckwheat  brnn und middlings, wauls to know  whether In our judgment the bulls of  buck whent are of any considerable  feeding vnluc. He snys they arc reported to contain from 4 to 4'/j per cent  crude protein, 40 to 44 per cent carbohydrates nnd 1 per cent ether extract,  being In this respect equal to mixed  hay. This may be true from the chemist's standpoint, but these pure buckwheat hulls nre some like cottonseed  hulls, very difficult to digest, nnd enses  havo been reported where animals, especially swlue,- have been very much  injured by eating them because of  their Bharp edges and corners. For  our part we sliould hesitate to feed  them nt all,  much preferring to sift  Cost of Oleomargarine.  There is a great lack of knowledge  regarding tbe cost of making oleomargarine. Tho Armour company of Chicago put in evidence a sworn formula  for manufacturing the stuff, says Dairy and Creamery. Taking this formula  and the market cost of the materials,  the estimate of the cost of 100 pounds  of olcomnrgarlne Is as follows: Thirty-  four pounds of neutral lard nt 3% cents  a pound, 51.32; 27 pounds of oleomargarine oil at '&\<�� cents n pound, 84 "a  cents; 12 pounds of cottonseed oil nt 4  cents n pound, 4S cents; IS pounds of  milk nt 1 cent a pound, IS cents; ll  pounds of snlt nt about 1 cent a pound.  8V4 cents, making 100 pounds cost only  $2.01. Adding the cost of tubs and  tnx, the net cost at Chicago for each  100 pounds manufactured is $0.41. lt  is bnd enough when such stuff Is sold  at V2 cents n pound in competition wilh  good butter at 18 nnd 20 cents, but  when the oleomargarine Is palmed off  as real butter serious injury Is done to  the dnlry business. In Holland the  oleomargarine men go so far as to argue that the manufacture of their stuff  makes n market for milk, just as they  ���urgue4nMhls-cotiiitry7that--it-helps=thC;  beef cattle industry by making a maiket for tallow. Think of 100 pounds of  alleged butter from eighteen pounds of  milk!  Cherry Caltare.  The cherry nnd plum can stnnd nnd  indeed need strong soil. Heavy manuring with fresh stable manure, however,  is not advisable, snys Iowa Ilome-  stend. TJse rather old, well rotted mn-  nure and the soil from around mnuure  piles thnt is filled with lenchings. The  clearing up' of old barnyards after  most of the manure Is hauled off and  the lenchings of hogynrds nnd the  clearings of poultry yards and houses  are nil good fertilizers for both the  cherry and the plum. Results can be  secured from our commoner varieties  that will surprise the cultivator nnd  sell for n long price by employing this  moans, while common fruit grown in a  common wny may not be salable at all.  Tlie cherry enn bo mnde three-fourths  of nn inch in dlnmeter and its color  very materially heightened. Tho trees,  too. are healthier, live longer and have  greater thrift  Phosphnte Fertilizers,  Phosphates promote the formation of  flower nnd fruit and' secure earlier  ripening. Tliey mny be wisely used oh  vines and succulent fruits that nre liable to be cut by early frost's in autumn, securing'early crops with' better  prices and avoiding the loss of the entire crop by untimely frosts before the  most of the crop had ripened. Fruit  trees sometimes blossom year nfter  yeur without producing fruit. This Is  often caused b.v storms, nt thc period  of flowering, but It mny be caused by  constitutional weakness, in consequence of which pollen of vital power  is not formed. In such cases'the use  of phosphates Is worthy of trial.  An Important Element In the Development  of thc  Horse.  In writing about the care of horses an  eminent English army officer bus the  following to sny:.., ' ��� >  "Regularity of exercise Is an impor-,  tant element ln the development of the  highest powers of the horse. The horse  In regular work will suffer less in hie  legs than another, for he becomes grad-  (lally and thoroughly accustomed to  ���.Flint Is required of hlui. Thc whole  living machine ncconimodiilcB Itself to  thc regulnr demands ou It, thc body becomes active and well conditioned without superfluous fat. und thc muscles  and tendons gradually develop. Horses '  ln regular work nre also nearly exempt  from the tunny accidents which arise  from overfreshness. As u proof of the  value of regulnr exercise we need only ,  refer to the stngeconch horse ot foimer  dnys. Mnhy of these animals, though  by no menns of the best physical frame,  would trot with a heavy load behind  them for eight hours at the rate of ten  miles an hour-without turning n.hnir,  and this work they would continue to  ���do for years without even being sick  or sorry. Few gentlemen can say as  much for their carriage horses. No  horses, in fact, were in hardier condition. On the other hnnd, if exorcise be  neglected, even for a few dnys, in a  horse in high, condition, he wiil put on  fat He has been taking dally the large  aniount of material needed to sustain  the consumption caused by bis work.  If that work cease suddenly, nature  will, notwithstanding, continue to supply the new material, and fat, followed  by phethorn and frcqucntly'by disease,  will be the speedy consequence."  LeRlslntlon Asked.  According to Secretary Charles F.  Martin, the legislation to obtain the  passage of which the National Live  Stock associntioti will devote its energies in Washington this winter includes  the following: Extension of the hide  tax to every-hide imported, dry, pickled  or green; giving the Interstate commerce commission the powers of the  United States district courts; permitting limited grazing on forest reserves;  enforcing the stamping of shoddy made  goods with some distinctive mnrk; irrigation of nrld Innds; securing the taking of an annual live stock census, the  returns to be published within sixty  days of the enumeration; providing for  government.assistance In tho production of cavalry horses.  Best Time For Cnlvlne.  Cows that calve on grass are coming  In at the most nnturnl period of the  year, but It Is rarely protiiahle.td have  them fresh then, says Dairy nnd  Creamery. The ledger accounts show  u tuuch larger prolit from cows calving  from .luly 1 to Dec. 1. Prices then for  dairy produce nre up or rapidly going  up. for even n quarter or half n cent n  pound of butter or cheese does wonders  In changing the aspect of the year's accounts. Resides, the cows tliat come  on.to grass In the spring after .milking  all winter usually Increase their production. A cow that Is dry In liayliig.  when everybody Is driven with work  nnd when milk products nre cheap, ls  a wise cow' for her owner's pocket  Tainted   Milk.  The following experiment shows to  whnt extent, the surroundings mny influence the product of the factory. Milk  allowed-to stand near cow stable or  plgpeu ovcr night showed but little, if  nny, injurious flavor, but when cheese  wus made from such milk It only scorned twenty-seven In flavor at the end of  eignt weeks, selling for 6 cents per  pound, while cheese mnde  from  tbe  out the hulls from thc middlings audi same milk kept free from taint sold  use them for bedding. for II cents.  PIIIZB TAKF.lt ONION.  are to mature, or they mny be sown in  greenhouses or hotbeds and the young  plnntlcts transplanted to the rows in  thc open ground. In sowing out of  doors seeds sliould be put in ns early  as possible in shallow drills three to  three nnd a half feet apart nnd covered with n hnlf inch of fine moist earth.  They need to be very carefully weeded  at flrst but if the ground Is clean and  mellow nnd the rows straight -the  wheel hoe will be able to take full  charge of the work early in the sen-  son. It hns been repeatedly shown  thaUchenper,=bettcr=nnd_enrIietoi)lons_  can be grown by transplanting the  plants from greenhouses��� or hotbeds,  where the seeds nre sown very.early.  When the ^inntlets arc ns large as a  lead pencil, they nre set four inches  apart In rows three feet asunder, and  cultivation Is Immediutely begun with  the wheel hoe. In growing from sets  the planting ls made in much the same  way. ; Multiplier or potato onions nre  similarly ninnngod.  Prize Tnker Is probnhiy tite most  popular variety of tbe present day.  N'ntlv*  Phlox  Glnbcrrlmo".    .  For all our many beautiful summer  blooming herbaceous plants our gur-  dens would be badly off without representatives of the phlox family. The  mnny vniictlcB of Phlox pnnieulntn, ns  they have been improved by florists.  - Tomato Plnnts and Cutworms.  Cutworms very often prove fatal to  thc growing tomato plums, ns tbey do  to those of nearly every crop. Early  cultivation, keeping the ground fallow  for several weeks, will do much to  starve them out. Then twt or three  days before setting out the plnnts spray  a piece of clover or grasp with strong  paris green, one pound to seventy-Uvo  gallons,of .wnter, sweetening it with a  little cheap molasses, nnd scnttcr small  bunches of tills poisoned food every  couple of yards over the field. Tbe cutworms will eagerly devour lt and thus  be destroyed before the planfs are put  in. Or a maBb composed of forty  pounds of brnn and one pound of pnris  green moistened vvith water sweetened  with molasses may be used in tbe same  manner and is often used thus on a  PINK PHLOX.  are charming. But some of our native  species, though they have not succeeded In securing the florists' attention,  are scarcely less attractive. The  smooth phlox (P. Glnbcrrlmu) lsn good  Illustration. This shoots up nhundnut-  ly from the ground and mnkes u dwarf  mass of rosy pink llowers from oue to  two feet high.���Mcehun's Monthly.  Stray Petals.  Mnke sowings of sweet pens as soon  as frost is out of the ground.  Set out snlvin and dwarf nasturtium  plants as soon as the weather is settled.  Sow Shirley popples where they are  to grow In early spring. They do not  hear transplanting.  Helen Gould and Miss Alice Roosevelt wero the novelties in roses shown  at thc Inst meeting of the American  Rose Boclcty. The first le red, the second un intense durk pink.  Colcus seed must be planted very  early to he ready for bedding out In  Mny. If ln the greenhouse, give bottom hent'occasionally.  Successful plantings of gradiolus  may be. made from the time the soil Is  dry enough in the spring till the 4th of  July.  PaflBles may be sown in the spring  as soon as the ground can be worked,  mrge scale against cutworms in tobacco, advises an American Garden corre-1 though fall sowing is generally pre-  spondent \ ' ferred,  A western ranchman engaged ln  raising horses and cnttle states that  horses ou the range are gradually on  the wane and'cattle and sheep aro Increasing, snys Tlie National Stockman  and Farmer. He expects horses to  continue to occupy a purt of the rango  ���thnt whicli is not so well watered���  because they can travel farther to wa-'  ter thnn sheep or cattlo can. The rest  will soon be given up to the production  of beef and mutton. The reasons are  evident The range can come nearer '  producing the highest type of cattlo  nnd sheep than' It can of horses. A  range horse, strictly speaking, Is.not  and ennnot become a high class nnl- .  mnl. He will always lack thc size,  tbe finish und the education that a  high class horse must have. These essentials nre not in harmony with range  conditions. With otlier animals it is  different. Good blood has mnde the  range nnlmnl close to tbe best farm  raised In form. Range grass will make  flesh enough for murket. The cowboy,  the shepherd and the packer do the  rest and there is the end of the mat*  ter. *  These, conclusions nre sound. There  enn be no question but that the horses  of the future must come mainly from  the farms. Inasmuch as thc ranges  are Increasing their output of beef and  mutton and decreasing thnt of horses, '  Is it not wise for farmers to raise  horses again? The country will need  them for many years to come. Over- ,  production is always possible in the  ���future, ns it hns been In thc pnst, but  with so ninny people neglecting horses  for cattle, hogs nnd sheep it is not  likely to come soon.  Slnrfs-to~llreeil"Frdml  For breeding let farmers take the  best mures tliey own���not the poorest  or wornout blemished ones, hut tlioso  thnt are sound lu wind nnd limb unless the ^unsoundness surely comes  from accident or some epizootic dls-  ease, snys Dr. C. D. Smond In a Into  Minnesota Institute bulletin. Never  breed a 'mare simply because she ia  good for nothing else, but breed from  the one tbat Is good, and the more  goodness she has the better.  Mares should be of good size, say  1,000 pounds or' more. Never, ns a  rule, would I advise breeding from  marcs of less weight. The coming  horse Is a larger horse than heretofore  in all.classes. The more gentle the  disposition of the mure the better.  Horses For Drnft.  - Any boree the purpose of which Is to  draw large loads, whether at tlie walk  sr trot, may be spoken of as a "horse  foi draft" Common usage has fixed  the term "draft" on horses of specified  weight and size, but there nre other  classes.on the mnrket whose confor-  mntion Is whnt has come to be known  ns the "draft form," but which differ  from the drafter in the matter of size  and weight and the. manner of performing their,work. The drafter proper works always at n walk, while other  classes of horses of draft type do tlieir  work mainly at the trot. ��� Bulletin  United StateB Bureau of Animal Industry.  4  S3 THE INDEPENDENT JALMOST IN DESPAIR  VANCOUVER, 13. C.  In Texas nnd Louisiana there are  now more than 100 canals and pumping stations, ench capable of flooding  1,000 acres of rice. These are owned  by Irrigation companies, which supply the water as needed to tho rice  farmers  THE  CONDITION  OF  MRS.   JOHN  SHOTT, OF ORANGEVILLE.  \ ______  Suffered From a Burning Sensation  in the Stomach���Food Became  Distasteful and She Grew Weuk  and Despondent.  I bought a horse with a supposedly incurable ringbone for $80.00,  cured him with SI.00 worth of  MINARD'S LINIMENT, and sold  him in four months for 585.00. Front on Liniment, $54.00.  MOISE  DEROSCE,  Hotel Keeper.  St. Phillip's Que., Nov. lst, 1901'.  Any man   can make    his   wifo dc  anything she wants to.  Much of tho charity that begins at  home is too weak to travel.  MINARD'S LINIMENT for Sale ETerywte.  Many a'man makes a fool of himself because ho hasn't the moral courage to do othcrwiso.  Out of 156,000 houses or fiats in  Glasgow, 36,000 have one room only,  and 70,000 only two rooms.  Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator  hns tho largest salo of anv similar preparation sold in Canada. It always gives  satisfaction by restoring health to the  littic folks.  In 1808 an Australian stockman,  kangaroo-hunting, picked up an opal.  Since then Australia has exported  $-120,000 worth of opals.  Indianapolis now holds the lorord  in rapid hog-killing; 3,298 hogs were  recently turned into ' pork sausages,  etc., within five hours.  Tho biggest casting ever or.lnrcd  made at Chester, Pcnn. It was for  tho propeller shaft of a steamship,  nnd weighed ovcr CO Ions.  Chicago's municipal debt hns grown  from "i to Si millions in thc past  five years.  Wages rango vory low in Sp.iin.  Farm laborers get Sl.uO a week.  Women who work in vineyards got  15 cents for ten hours' work. Even  overseers only get 55 cents a day.  From the Sun, Orangeville, Ont.  Tho Sun is enabled this week,  through the couitesy of Mrs. John  Siholt, u ludy well known and much  esteemed by many of tho residents of  Orangeville, to givo Lhe particulars  of another of thoso cures that havo  made Dr. Williams* Pink Pills . a  household remedy throughout the  civilized world. Mrs. Shott, In con-  veisatior- with our reporter, said :���  ���' AboUi threo years ago, whilo living in Ingersoll, I was a great sufferer fiom dyspepsia. Tlio troublo  first began .with severe headaches,  dizziness, and sometimes vomiting.  Next I suffered continually from a  burning sensation in my stomach ;  food distressed me ; I did uot sleep  well at night ; lost flesh and became  very weak. I was continually doctoring; but it did mc no good. In  fact I was gradually growing worse  and despaired of ever being well  ngain. One day a friend who called  , to see me strongly 'advised me to try  |Dr. Williams' Pink Tills. Sho spoke  ;so highly of them that I decided to  take her advice, and I soon discovered that they were not like tho other  j medicines I had been taking and that  II had ut last found something to  help mo I continued using the pills  for perhaps a couple of months wlien  I found myself fully restored .to  .health. I hnvo always since enjoyed  my meals with relish, and have hud  no return of the trouble. With my  experience I feel certain that if other  ] sufferers will give Dr. Williams' Pink  I Pills a fair trial they will find a certain curo."  j   Dr. Williams' Pink Fills enrich and  nourish the blood and strengthen the  nerves.   It is thus    that tliey    cure  such    troubles as   dyspepsin, fcidney  'ailments, rheumatism, partial paralysis, heart troubles,-St. Vitus' dance  nntl tbe ailments thnt make the lives  ,'of so ninny women a source of mis-  jery,     These pills never fail to drive  I nwny pain,   bring a glow of health  'to the whole body and mnke despondent men and women, bright, active  nnd stiong.   Do not tnke   nny pills  j without thc full name "Dr. Williams'  j I'ink Pills for Pale People" on   the  j wrapper around  the box.   Sold    by  all medicino   dealers or    sent  posl-  . paid nt 50 cents a box or six boxes  , for S2.50 by addressing the Dr. Williams Medicino Co., Brockville,  Ont.  There is n wide difference between  thc self-made man and the self-inflated man.  If you start oui in  with  a smile on your  the   morning  face you will  ; be surprised nt the number of plensnnt people you moot.  MARKETS.  AUSTRALIA'S MISTAKE.  Would   Not   liutn   Itren Known   If  Thsy  Know  Cttntida Wall.  . As to the Australian Commonwealth, Dr. Montague, in a recent  lecture, said ho thought that a great  mistake was made by that colony'  through not knowing the ins and  outs of the Canadian federal system.  It was supposed in Australia that  the United States had tho freest .  and best system. - They called thoir ;  confederation a commonwealth, and  not a dominion.   Tho divisions  Minard's' Liniment Cnres Bra,-Etc.  Donf and dumb brides are unspeakably happy."  Most women are afraid of a loose  dog or a tight man.  STILT,    ANOTHER     TRIUMPH ��� Mr.  Tlimpivi  S.   Itullen,   Sunderland,   witos :  "For fourteen vears I was afflicted with  uu   Piles, niul frequently was unable.to walk  .   or hit.  but four years ngo  I  was cured  Oi   b.v   using Dr. Thomas'  ficlectric Oil,     I  tho country, instead of being   called   have also been subject to Quincy for over  provinces, are culled states.'   ' Their . {��J\y.t yo"r,_ ��� ���but Eclcctrlc Oil cured it  ?_. ���  ���'t  ������ ��� ii,j   n^   o         -���nml   it   was   a  permanent  cure  in  both  Parliament is callr.d  the Houso     of   cases, au neither Plies nor Quincv have  Representatives, uml their Senate is i troubled mo sinco."    '  elective.    They frankly  followed tho  United States model and avoided the  Canadian example. Tbo result is  that any power not specifically conferred on tho federal authority belongs to the State. . In this Dr. Montague sees tb.e germs of many dangerous diseases. Tho lieutenant-governors aro not appointed by tho federal authority, but by tho same imperial authority that appoints     tho  ! The best brand of resolutions will  shrink a littlo if the occasion requires, i  i After a girl reaches the age of 25  her birthday anniversaries occur  years apart. '  Froo and easy oxpectoratiom Immediately relieves and free3 tho throat nnd lungs  i'���>,���-������.. r>���.,���.: i   nn . HH.mi.m    ��� ..  j ; fl0m vlscls Phlegm, and a medicino that  bovernoi-Gcneral.  Iho speaker found; promotes this is the hot medicino to use  tnroughout Australia so many  argu- '��� for   coughs,   colds,    inflammation of tho  ments in favor of this plan tliat   ho: '?"&" nnclT.M10'lHc':^!;.s=<if,thlt.h,'?,'-tL'}n.tl  .,���,. ... .,   ,  . ' ..    .    .   n       . chest.       This is preciselv  what, llickle s  lias grown reconciled to it, but Can-i Anti-Consumptivo Syrup is a'specific for.  adians generally will be disposed, by and wherever used it has given unbound-  their own axnprienra   tA think    4h.it ���''''  satisfaction.   Children Hko it because  ineir own experience, to minK   that ,,t la ���icnBnnt, nduU9 ,iko lt bccau9B it  there can  bo no real and    comploto , relieves and cures tho disease.  confederation whilo tho federal auth-     ��� ., -        ���   orlty is so largely nominal and     is     About ono in every 28 earthquakes  interrupted and intercepted and pass- recorded in the world is felt in   the  ed over in so many ways that     we. British Isles.  know not of in Canada.    They havo i ������   not in Australia the sound,   smooth-1    The United   States' received    from  working confederation that wo   havo. Germany during tho nineteenth  cen-  in Canada. Already Queensland talks; imy 5,079,362 immigrants.  of secession.   In that province ��� or  GRAIN AND PRODUCE.  WHEAT���After a moro or less gradual decline in prices sinco about tho  beginning of last month, a halt to  tho downward course took place on  the American speculative murkct last  week.  A good deal of the earliest part of  tho crop from Kansas southwestward  is of poor quality and condition, and  farmers hnve been marketing freely  of this wheat, and they arc keeping  tlieir best wheat ai home. As we  come northward tho quulity is good  und the yield heavier. Harvesting is  now well advanced up to the southern part of north Dakota and will bo  general in tlie northern part and in  Manitoba by the end of next week, if  present favorable weather -continues.  Tliero has been unfavorable weather  in western Europo during tho past  week, cold rains being reported over  Germany and also to somo extent  over Franco and England. Harvest  is in progress in theso countries at  present. News from Argentina says  theio is dry weather there, unfavor-  orable for crop.  At Liverpool on Saturday No. 1  northern spring wheat was quoted at  6s l?d.  Manitoba wheat continues firm ,but  theio is even less business doing than  theie* was last week. At tho end of  this week we quoto 1 northern at 74c  spot or en route and 2 northern 72c.  FJL.OUK���Demand is light and the  market lis unchanged as follows:  Ogilvie's Hungarian, S2.05 per sack  of 98 lbs. ; Glcnora Patent, SI.90;  Alberta, S1.75; Manitoba, $1.60;  XXXX, S1.25.  MILLFEED ��� Bran is firfn and  worth S15 per ton in bulk. Shorts  firm at $17 per ton in bulk/delivered, subject to usual trade' discounts.  GROUND FEED���Wo quote :' Oat  chop, per ton,. ��28; barley chop, $21;  mixed barley and oats, ��26; chop  screenings, $15.50; oil cake, $30.  OATS���The markot weakens as the  season for new oats approaches. The  crop promises well nnd prices will be  much lower than at present when now  oats begin to oiler freely. No. 2  white onts arc oll'ering at 40c to 40��  in store. Fort William. Feed grades  are worth 37c to 38c per bushel on  track Winnipeg.  HARLEY���Tho market is weak and  lower, thc decline amounting to from  3c to 4c per bushel as compared with  a week ngo. The -new crop promises  well. We ipioto 3."ic to 36c per bushel for carlots on track Winnipeg.  HAY"���New hay is plentiful. We  quote $7 to 57.50 per ton for fresh  baled in carlots on track.  POULTRY���Spring chickens, 10 to  4oc per pair, alive; fowl, 70 to 75c;  clucks and geese,, 0c per pound; tui-  keys, lie, live weight.  IJU'JTER���Creamery��� Receipts are  moderately large and demand good.  Prices hold steady at 16_c to 17c  pound for choice quality f.o.b. factory points.  BUTTER ���Dairy���Dealers are paying 13c per pound for choicest dairy  in tubs or boxes,,and Irom that1 figure the market ranges down to 10c  per pound for low grades, all commission basis.  CHEESE���Tlie market is steady  and purchases- havo been-made at  8Jc per pound. 'Ilie range or pricos  is from 8_c to 9c per, pound delivered hero.  EGGS���Fresh case eggs aro worth  12Jc per dozen delivered in Winnipeg.  DRESSED MEATS���Tho market for  beef is easy, and tho prico ranges  from 7 to 7Jc; veal, 8 to 9c. Mutton is steady at 8_c. Spring lambs  are selling at 12Jc per pound., 'logs,  7} to 8c per pound.  HIDES���No. 1 city hides, G.c; No.  2, 5$; No. 8, 4Jc. Kips and calf  tho sumo prico ns hides; doakiiw, 25  ro 40c: slunks, 10 to 15c; horsohides,  .->0c to SI.  SENECA ROOT���Prices range from  ���10 to 42c, according to quality.  A POSITIVE MAN.  HE SEEMS ABLE TO PROVE THE  TRUTH OF WHAT HE SAYS.  Mr. Chalker Makes Some Very Strong  Statements���Explains That He is  Prepared to Prove the Truth oi  Every Assertion He Makes.  llousey's Rapids, Ont., Aug. 11.���  (Special).���Mr. George U. Chulkcr, a  woll known resident'ol this place,  lias authorised tho publication of a  letter containing some very startling  statements.  Those who know Mr. Chalker will  not ask any proof of the truth of  any statement hu makes, but, to convince those who do not know him,  lie hus announced thut ho is prepared to substantiate in every detail,  the truth of his published statement,  whicli is as follows :���  "It is with pleasure that I certify  to the merits of Dodd's Kidney Pills.  "1 wus luid up with Kidney -trouble  and wus so .bad that I could not do  a day's work. My buck was very  sore, 1 had heavy, aching arms, dull  bloated eyes. I was very weak and  much reduced,in weight.  "Aftor 1 had usod six boxes of  Dodd's Kidney Pills I was ton pounds  heavier. I often wondered about the  powerful virtue of this medicine. I  do not know anything about what  Dodd's Kidney Pills aro said to cure  but I know a great deal about what  thoy will actuully do for lame back  and Kidney Troublo, and I can prove  it.  "They are worth their weight in  gold to any one suffering as I suffered. The six boxes of Dodd's Kidney  Fills cured me completely and there  has been no return of tho old troublo.  That-is ovor three years ago, and I  still enjoy good health."  This is, indeed, n very strong testimonial for Dodd's Kidney Pills and  one w hich will have very great weight  with all who have tho pleasure of  Mr. Chalker's acquaintance or friendship. 0  Dodd's Kidney Pills have made  ninny friends and are to-day, without doubt, tho most popular family  medicine  Thc voters'  lists    for Paris as re-  \iscd show the total number of cloc-  tois in the'capital to be 603,279, as  | compared with 5r>0,691 last year, an  increase nf 51,488.  'HOT WEATHER AILMENTS.  More   Littlo   Ones Die   During   Hot  Weather Months Than at Any  Other Season.  __shall_we_say-Btate?���there is a great  cane sugar Indus-try, made profitable  by the importation of negro labor  from tho Solomon Islands. In Its  first session the Commonwealth has  passed an educational test act, to  be applied to emigrants, which will  shut out those Solomon Islar.dors.  Tho cry Is for "a white man's Australia." But Queensland's one great  industry is menaced with destruction  and Queensland's Premier threatens  to withdraw from the Commonwealth. Dr. Montaguo docs not sea  how tho matter can bo adjusted. The  tariff law could not have carried, hu  says, hut that It was yoked with  this "whito man's Australia" bill.  Canada is in high favor with Australians, cspoclally since the men of  both colonics havo fought sido     by  ���MINARD'S "LIfflMENT"BelieYes "Neiiral��la.���"  The newest schooner is 480 feet  long and has seven masts. She is  being built in Boston.  A new railway Is to be built from  Southern to Western Australia. It  will cost ��4,400.000.  In washing woollens and flannels.  Lever's Dry Soap (a powder) will be  found very satisfactory. 18  It  is  estimated  that  only  ono  in  'six of    the    population    of London  lcavo the city for moro than a dny  nt a time in tho summer. '  side in Africa. The peoplo out thoro. ih"TZ'J ���    '    , ,    J  do not hesitate to say that the Can- j thf. '''^fst ,��y��3    of }anA  Horses, giraffes, and' ostriches have  suy tliat the Can- j *hf, ,a^b ^    of 'and    animals;  ailinno wero tho best soldlors     who  cultle-nsK of sea creatures  took part in the wah Last year thej    United States sold thirty million I The father' -of M. Santos Dumont  dollars' worth of goods to Austral- i,as nn estnto on which 9,000 labor-  in, of which Canada might havo sup-  plied twenty-four million dollars'  Worth. Canadian goods havo now a  good-will preference in that market,  and can havo a tariff preference just  as soon as thc two Governments get  together  ers   cultivate  plnnts.  forty    million    coffee  The number of nuts in a nest \ni-  les fiom 12,293    to 93,694        These  |figutcs aie fiom a recent    count    of  Ave nests  A I.lflle rtnn��!i on Ma.  Daughter���The man I marry must be  a brine man.  Father���He will be If ho marries you  While your mother ls living,  Tho British nouses of Parliament  Mcro the most expensive of modem  buildings They cost 3i millions to  construct  LIVE  STOCK.  CATTLE���Fat cattle from the western ranges nro moving freely and  about 2,500 head have gone east this  week. Prices are easier, owing to  weakness in the old country markets.  Choice export cattle are worth 3_ to  4c por pound at point of shipment  and butchers' grades 3 to 3_c.  SHEEP���Receipts are moderate, and  prices .range from 3} to 35c per lb.,  off car.*, Winnipeg.  HOGS���Receipts are moderate and  the market is firmer at 6. to 0_ per  pound-f or_best_packing_ weights ^oll-  cars Winnipeg.  MILCH COWS���Cows are scarce.  Good milkers readily bring S-15 in  this markot, the range being from  $35 to $45 each.  HORSES���There is a good demand  for work horses, and an nctivc trade  is doing in those. Farmers are buying freely for fnll work. Driving  horses aro also in good demand.  lt is a lamentable fact that thousands of littlo ones die from hot  weather ailments, whoso lives might  be spared if mothers had at hand the  proper remedy lo administer promptly. Hot weather ailments come suddenly, and unless promptly treated,a  precious littlo life may bo lost in a  few hours. Baby's Own Tablets  promptly check and cure diarrhoea,  stomach troubles, .cholera' infantum  and other hot weather ailments.  Thoy also give relief to toothing  troubles, and prevent tho ailments  that come at this period. Every prudent mother should keep a oox of  Baby's Own Tablets in thc house at  all times. No other medicine acts so  promptly and so surely, and tlie Tab-  lots are guaranteed to contain no  opiate or harmful drug. They always do good and cannot possibly do  harm, and crushed to a powder you  can give them to the smallest, sickliest infant. Mrs. Geo. Foote, St.  Thomas, Ont., says : "My'baby was  troubled with diarrhoea and was very  cross and restless, and got so little  sleep 1 hardly know what to do with  her. I got a box of Baby's Own Tablets and after giving hor somo her  bowels became regular and she could  sleep well. I think the Tablets a  splendid medicine."  Y'ou can get the Tablets at any  drug store or by mail post paid at  25 cents a box by writing to tlie Dr.  Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont., or Schenectady, N.Y.  Women arc naturally tender-hearted. No woman over deliberately  stepped on a mouse.  Peoplo arc so anxious lo see soms  thing for nothing thnt they will run  u couplo of miles to sec a littic shed  burn down.  A Moth Killer.  Before laying a carpet rub the bonrd  ovcr with turpentine to safeguard it  against moths.  Dnkril Potntoei.  In baking potatoes the (l.nor Is much  Impioicd by Hist .boiling tliem foi  nbout ten minutes with the skius on  and then di.ilulng befoie putting them  In the o\eu  Slate. (  Shite Is got out of the giot.nd^by  moms of blasting, holes being holed  into It with steam di Ills.  Sir Wolfe Barry estimates the loss  caused by the congestion of the London streets at ��2,154,000 a year.  It is only necessary to' read the testimonials to be convinced that Holloway's  Corn Curo is unequalled for the removul  of corns, warts, otc. It is a complete  extinguisher.  A pretty  admit_the_  one.  girl is always willing to  _inteliigcnce_of_a_homely_  Milk of human kindness is usually  of a poor quality and little in the  cun.  Mrs. Cclcsto Coon, Syracuse, N. Y..  writeB: "For years I could not eat  many kinds of food without producing a  burning, excruciating pain ln my stomach. 1 took Parmelce's Pills nccording  to directions on tho box under the head  of 'Dyspepsia or Indigestion.' One box  entirely cured me. I enn now cut anything I chooso, without distressing me  in tho least." Theso Pills do not cause  puln or grilling, nnd should bo used  whon a cathartic is required.  K is easy for a millionaire philosopher to tell a young man how to  livo on S'i a week und put money in  tho savings bank.  tesK :f-or  Delicious flavor.   Free from hulls.     Warranted Pure.  Put up  in  all  sized packages.  Ogilvie's Hungarian  As now manufactured.   The gieat FAMILY FLOUR.  I��slst on getting "OGILVIE'S," ai thoy are better than the Best.  HAVE   NO   EQUAL.  fihu, fuMtm/ StojAn/vea*  4/7ld/  (/ffwnM^tJeX foovfa, and, Ja*Mismf$&  sftttL&L J& *ns Jitorij, ���Jurm*/ 4nU*t#  TRY   OU.R-  TheE.B.EddyCo. ^_  Llmited. fltf-  Hull,       Canada.  Matches  =7jy*|l^- The latest and Finest  ''Xs     Brand yet made.  -..'���'*��� V\->, '���'-'(������ ���*.'-.'���.-.' .' ���"������.'���>','   ,\'."���' *i'"'-"i.'-' ���:''������'.'���." ���-;.!.'���'  '{'���:���', s .���:.'-'��� A*.. "   '���;.;.��� ���'���--. '  *.'" /������.-'.''" V  HALCYON HOT SPRINGS  SANITARIUM  Arrow   I_alce,   B. O.  Situated midst scenery unrivalled  for grandeur.  The most complete health resort on  the continent of North America;  Its baths curo all Nervous and  Muscular diseases.  Its Waters heal all Kidney, Liver  unci  Stomach Ailments.  They aie a never-failing remedy for  all Rheumatic Troubles.  Common soaps destroy the  clothes and render the  hands liable   to   eczema.  REDUCES  expense;  IMPERIAL MAPLE SYRUP  Tho quality standard from Ocean tu  Ocean. Your money back If not iat-  Ufactory. -  ROSE &LAFLAMME, ACtB., MONTREAL.  ONLY $5.00  llie McCrosasn  Rocker.  It *nvos the w fo. It saves  tho timo., , It 5H\os the  clothes. Writ- for par k-u-  lar*. B. II." Enittnhrook,  312 l'ilucc*i St., Winnipeg, Mun.  Tiie London postoflices arc no-w- using girls as well as boys for the express messenger service. Tlle girls  must* be over eighteen years old, and  tliey get thirteen shillings a week.  Hooks, flowers nnd fruit aro nearly  always welcomed by an invalid as  much for tho sake of the kindly  thought ns for the gifts themselves.  A DIXN'Ell VILL���Mnny poisons suitor  iwcmciuitiiK pulii1* after partaking gl a  luuirty dinner. Tlio food imrtakou of is  like a hull of li'iul upon thc *tonmch,  and Instead of being a healthy nutriment It.hecoines a poison to'the system.  Dr. Pnrnielce's Vegetable I'llls are won-  deiful conoctlves of such tiouhles. They  correct arltlltv. open secretions und convert tiie food partaken of into health\  nutiliuenl 'lhe\ nio msl the medicine  tn tako if troubled with Indigestion or  1)\ snepsla  Aik far tbe Octagon Bar  A ieduction of 4X.000 of the total  nuniboi of cnttle in Gieat Britain is  not. on the total herd* of nearly 7,-  OOO.OOD, of much statistical im'poit-  .lnre, but it gives the fust check to  tho piogiess year by jear since 1S91  ������Ah There, Girls ! "  Do you know why you are like  LUCINA. Cigars ? Tell us quick.-'  Because you are always the samo,  sweet and good.  .MANUKAOTimED   BV  GEO. F. BRYAN & CO.....WINNIPEG  W. N. U. No. 390.  WffMW^JHgffHWiBfi'^VW  NEWSPAPER  OUTFITS  . S_\ye__supply__a_t _s_hort_  notice complete JOB  PRINTING AND  NEWSPAPER OUT-  FITS.  T[ We sell what Printers want; Printers want  what we sell.  % We carry a complete  stock of Type and Supplies for the composing  Room, Pressroom and  Bindery.  TORONTO TYPE FDRY  Company, Limited.  115 AlcDernnt Avcnu:,      Winnipeg,  The best place for a man to havo  a boil is in tho tea kettle  MINABD'S LINIMENT Cures DanM  Anj body who has ever employed a  law}or can give you lots ol advice.  i   \  V % *_-J rV- ��    - THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 27. 1902  I*  M  w  ...NEW FALL MANTLES...  They nre just from Berlin, Germany.  Two cases of very stytish and handsome garments, whicli have  just imen opened. Tliey are ln three-nunrters and Cull kuigths, and  in spmi-llttius, tight lilting and box backs. The colors are dark grey,  medium grey, black, fawn, castor, blue and green���a splendid broad  range to choose from.  The prices range from ���  $?.00 fo $3?.50.  (Successor to Scolt # Kennedy)  303 Hastings-Street,,       Vancouver, B. C.  Weak Spots!  'Our UNION ���MADK Shoos  froni Canadian and American Union factories arc tlio  best iii the land. ...Men's,  Ladies' and Ohildreivs Shoes,  durable and stylish.  TIIEPiiTEilSOJ\SliOECO.,LI)  301 Hastings St.  SEIVS.0F TllB-'LlSOIl-WORLD  CANADA.  Tiie carpet weavers of Toronto are  still out  on strike.  A-Kingston artilleryman was sent-to  jail  for IBS days  tor deserting.  Thos.-Shaw, the oldest man in Nova  Scotia,, a veteran ofthe Crimean war,  died at Halifax, aged 10-1.  Tlie strike at the Dominion Organ"&  Piano factory at Bowmaiiville has been  settled.  Toronto is divided into four districts  by the union label committee of thi?  Trades and. Labor council, which will  be operated in.i,-  The-territory to be given* to Canadian  veterans hns been, located,by the .department of crown lands.,'-Ten. townships have been surveyed, and tliey are  in the vicinity of New Liskeard-ln the  Teniiscaiiiing  district.  The board: of parks .management at  Hamilton- has decided to open the museum iii Dundern Castle to the .public  on Sunday .'afternoons from 2.:i0 till 3  o'clock. , The Lord's Day .Alliance, it  is said, will'tiwpose this. . JX-y.:-  In'.consequence'.' of a-split In the, Dot  minion,' Trades, congress at Berlin, the  Knights of Labor and tbeir sympathisers.have7 toi-med'a. new'organization,'' to  be known as the"National Trades and  Labor Council of Canada;  i 'The Perfection 'Loundry; company, of  (07 Queen street west, Toronto, was  Jined in tlie police court fprciistrlbuting  circulars on Labor Day entitled "Tht  Yellow .Peril." The Toiler adds that  il will have.-somethlng further lo say  of this next week. .For the present remember that white laundries are good  enough for decent people. ;  UNITED STATES,-;.���;." ���.'���."',���'���  Q'opeka, Kansas, teamsters have organized;  Railroad graders at Loveland, Colo.,  have" beeii granted a shorter workday.  The labor organizations o�� Oklahoma  City, I.T., are: discussing a proposition  to open a bank. ���-'  Knoxviiie,'Tehii.; United Metal Workers (have7..been, granted a concession  of ayriine-hour day.  , A new. magazine,' the ofllcial journal  ot the American Labor Union; was issued on .September 15.  Unions among carpenters and joiners  are'stronger'in'Birmingham, Ala., than  in any other city in the stated  ���SawmiU=of)Oi-ators-oii=the=Psnobscot=  river, Maine-have''struck, their demand  for a ton-hour day having been Ignored  by.the.mill owners.     \   ;   '  Striking gas makers in Spokane, Wn.,  are circulating a. petition among'the  patrons of the gas coiiipany asking that  .@����������������������������S������������  |of Life I  ,      is business.   We want more of }��  , it.  .We'll yel it if nn out and out (���)  i bargain will fetch it. ' '*'  Mow Is This  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle      $  ������:������"��-��� -I  Fountain Syringe      ��  ;.���',    75c.    ���;.;_,;';.      1  1 The McDowell, Atkins,     vv |  1      Watson �����., Ltd.'Liability.'|  �� UP-TO-DATE 'DRUGGISTS.;" ��>  ti&G)G>������������������@,  corporation to settle its troubles with  its striking employees.  -Railroads in this country employ over  a million people at an annual cost for  wages audi salaries of over ,GOO,000,OilO.  The factory girrls of Pccksklll, N. V.,  have-decided .to'improve their industrial surroundings by forming a union.  /.There'., are in this country 1,11-1  unions of carpenters and joiners, embracing   membership of 103,000 persons.  Ah effort is being made to organize  the clerks in Oakland, Cal., real estate  oflices and employees of the city and  county offices.  The Great Lakes .Towing -Wrecking  Company has authorized the withdrawal of the suits against the striking men  at Duluth, Minn.,  Fort Worth, Texas, street car motor-  men will have a meeting for th'P purpose of eonsideringthe advisability of  organizing a union. . ���'���:';'':  ��������� Hot Springs, Ark., electrical workers  have organized under-the. rules and regulations of. the International Brotherhood-of Electrical AVorkcrs." ;:'���;���;  Etlmond G. Vail, a,..blacksmith',.has  been nominated';'for'Congress ; by the  Democratic convention of the twenty-  first congressional district ot Ohio. ..  ..Judge Richardson of the;'\Vashihgton  superior court, in an opinion just handed down, holds that a boycott/when  peaceably conducted, is not legal.- ���;  A Providence, K.'-I.,' employing., printer Was heavily iflned recently for imitating the; allied trades label.. He took  an appeal in lhe belief that the label  will not stand the test,       ',.'."���������'. '     V  ���lyl. B1UTIS11 AXD FOKKIGN. . ; ���  .The cabmen of Home, who recently  formed themselves into-a league, have  gone out on strike.  Tlie recent strike; at /Florence, Italy,  at the Pignbne foundry lias been terminated, tlie 'majority of tlie strikers gave  in ..unconditionally. , "'.;���[ i'l'y V"  A large proportion of tiie journeymen  bakers of Portsmouth threaten to go  out on strike unless the 'masters', agree  to a'fixed minimum rate of wages and a  sixty hours' week, with''.'jiiiyincnt for iill  overtime. ;,���������.  Tlie ..Welsh' tinplate workers arc very  busy at present in executing big onlers  for tin plates for tlie, Standard, Oil  Company and several other American  concerns, in consequence of the dispute  between the American Tin-plate Company and their workmen.* ���  ���Tlio.deartl. of agricultural laborers lias  been very keenly fell this year, in the  7S diftl ftj f T^Ti-o HTiftl T^Sppei S1 Ij^t TT^tTTF  Biosna and Kast ICerry districts. In  other parts of the country also .farmer's  find it exceedingly dillicult to get hands.  Thi$,of eour.-e, i.s entirely owning to the  drain of immigration which is going on  incessantly.  At a special meeting of the delegates  of tlie Scottish Central Miners' Association, a resolution..was adopted con  doming the basis of the conciliation  board, nnd .endorsing'! tlie ��� view, that,  instead of miners wages boing reduced,  the. state otj.triulc nnd couI<; masters'  profits,showed it case for an increase on  present wages.  Tiie';JSailors',.'!iiid ]''ireiiiiins' National  Union of.Great lirilnin recently adopted  at London a ' resolution expressing  growing apprehension nt lhe enormous  number of Lascars working for low  wages on board British vessels and  urging the Goverineut to refuse to pay  any shipping companies mail or oilier  subsidies unless they pay their crews  the wages current in tlie. chief ports ol  the United Kingdom. A resolution was  also passed urging the goverineut to give  serious consideration to tlie step taken  by tho Australian parliament in establishing a compulsory court of arbitration  for the settlement of labor, disputes,  with a view of (adopting such courts in  the United Kingdom.  The Postal Km ployees congress was  lield at London, Eng., on September  12lh. C. 11. Garland, tho chairman,  delivered a powerful address. Among  the resolutions presented to thecongress  were tlioso concerning "tho ollicial.  recognition of tliu right of combination,"  the granting of special leave/the matter  of auxiliary labor, tlie general conditions  of service, direct I'lirlianuuitary  presentation, deferred pay, split duties,  compulsory Sunday duty, arret  porting and espionage, uud, last, hut  nol least, the ipiest'ion of wages.  SEATTLE NOTES.  1 Dal Hawkins, lighter, well known In  Vancouver, u'us knocked out In the  .seventh round by Jnck Clifford, nt  Hutu-, 'Montana, -the other day,  There were lifteen applicants for divorces In Seattle In one day recently.  V-Hooper Young." who I��3supposed to  havo murdered''-.Mrs..Annie Pullltzer in  New York city, was at one tlnie employed'on the.Court-News, a sporting  papor, now, defunct, of ihis city.  The new interurbaii electric line between here and Tacoma will be open  for business this week.  The,trial ol Paul Underwood, who Is  supposed to have murdered .his baby  by drowning" ln Salmon bay, is occupying the superior court.  Michael, noddy, a hide-curor, who  was employed by the Frye-JBruhn company, has filed complaint in. the superior court against Charles Frye for  iSlO.UOO damages on account of preventing him from working. Roddy went  out at the time of the strike, and secured work of Blssenger & Co., who  buy hides of Frye-Bruhn Co. Roddy,  in his complaint, alleges that 11 r.  Frye .caused his dismissal after working ten days for .Blssenger & Co.,,by  bringing inlluence to bear\ upon L.  Colin, manager of Blssenger & Co.  The application for a license for  Blake it-Nelson's' salooon was rejected  by the city. The saloon is known as  the!.Green Light. It is situated;" oh  Washington street, and is the on��  wherein L. A. Booth .was'found murdered recently. It" was a resort of de-  'praved men.';   ."/.-.!, ;..      '. r. .  A heavily loaded dray while being  driven over the cobbles on Columbia  street, caused a six-inch water main  to break tlie other day and for a while  it was, thought Seattle was.; to be,.the  scene of a Johnstown flood. The water  was shut off aiid liieivpuftb work repairing the damages.      -J"; ���,.  ���. Look out for Saturday's; snaps.��� .'At  the Citv Grocery.'.. - ��� :��� A    ���  We have hot advanced the  price of our tobaccos.;! Amber  smoking tobacco, : Bobs, Currency and Fair Play chewing  tobaccos are. the same size and  price to the consumer as formerly. We have also extended the ; time for- the V redemption of ���'Snowshoe Tags'-  to January \, 1904.   V        ���'  EMPIRE TOBACCO CO.  Vancouver, Septv20, 1904.  j;  " Strawberry Jam. in one .pound glass  jars; regular price 25c, Saturday two for  25c.   At theCity Grocery.'    !.   ;,;;  "When you want to hire a Unst-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery atables.  Telephone 125.  ; DOODBY ON LABOR.  Hunger, Hinnlssy, is about the same  thing in a raypiiblic as In a depotism.  -Tlrey*vc-iidt=inUfch=cliiee==i%~happIiK-S3'  between a hungry slave and'a hungry  freeman. Ye can't cook or wear freedom. Ye can't make freedom into a  istc-w, and ye can't cut a pair iv pants  'out iv it. It won't bile, fry, bake or  fricassee. Yo can't, take two pounds iv  fresh creamery freedom, a- pound iv  north wind, u heapln' taycupful iv  nallonal aspirations an' a sprlnklln' Iv  bam fr'm the ntitional air, mix well,  cook over a hot lire an' sarve sthralght  fr'm the sthove; ye can't mnke n dish  out Iv 'thiit iluitWould nourish u tired  freeman whin he comes lioniejiftlior a  hard day's worruk looklii' fo; u job.  If 'Us fun to worruk, why do some  not worruk? If 'tis'slipoort to run nn  autyinoblll, why not run ii locyniotive?  If dhrlvln' a horso In a curt Is a gnnio,  why nut dhrlvo a delivery-wagon un'  carnry things around? Sluiro, I s'pose  th' ralson a rich man can't unflher-  sbtund Why wn-nges should go higher,  Is because tb' rich can'fsee why anny-  body sh.id l>e paid':;f'r,7anhythlng. so  ainusln' ns worruk.! ; Jie Idee, iv setin'  things sbtralght is to have the rich who  worruk because   they loike It, do   the  worruk f'r th' poor   man   who    wud  rather rest.  "The extension of the Morgan stenm-  shlp combination's activity in Canada,"  says the London Dally Telegraph, "is  further emphasized by the announcement that In 1903 two steamers of the  American line will be devoted to trade  between Canada, England and the  continent."  Telephono 1���2���6 tor. a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables. "  MAICI*) A MOTION AT THE NEXT  MEETING OF YOUR UNION TO INSTRUCT THE SECRTARY TO COMMUNICATE TIIE NEWS CONCERNING YOUR CRAFT TO THE INDEPENDENT.  Meeting.    ;  F. O. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE, No. .,  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren  welcome.    Bert Parsons, W.  P.: J. G. Ure, W. S.. Arcade.  Evening classes for instruction in  Technical' Drawing and Arithmetic required by r.rtizans and others, including Engineers, Fitters, Patternmakers,  Boilermakers,.Cabinet Makers, Carpenters, Joiners, Tinsmiths, Plumbers, etc.,  are held at  /'��� .     ' -   -    .;.  ���   . '''  419 B Bastings Street  (In the room behind thc Northern Pa-  - " ��� clflc ofTice.)  Tuesday and Thursday Evenings,  Between 7:30 and 9:30.  Further particulars may be obtained  either on ' personal application "oiv.by  letter addressed to  .DAVID BL^IR,  Science and Art Master,  . Normal School.  The"  fVIEBIISElil  .oooooooooooooooooooooocc  Having the Only Un-to-Dato Grill Boom  in B. C. which in itself Ir ii guarantee  ol a First-Glass Hotel and Kcstaurant,  5GOCC  Seymour Streeet,  i J; D.;; Murray^ Bakeri^lias  broken!, liis agreement -'.'.with  the.!Bakers': Union and chis  sliopis;now non-!uni0n.!'V  Union   nien \will   govern  tlfemselves accordingly.     V  ���;;V.:!;lV;V-VV.;;!;,:7F..vBiVRTLEi;V:!  'H'ii-; Secretarv.  SNBDER'8 SBIOE STORE  ! 632    GRANVILLE   STREET,,  !; - ;Carries;a full line of !!  UNION LABEL SHOES.V  The. Union'.-, Label "guarantees   fair  wages and good workmanship. V  ! No: scab labor. . ;V  !:" ;:V -. ill-  PHONE I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of work In this line promptly attended to.  | :   GE0.IUY   : |  A     Vnncouvcr's    I'loneer    Clothe*'  yr     Jtonoviitor, iiinkca u buH now.  ���  Dyeing and Repairing.  210 Oamdik St., Vancouver,  '���'  DELBCBOUS WBNE  Madk ExcLummLV. from B. 0. Fruit.  FRESH CUT FLOWERS.  UNION-MADE '  DOMESTIC CIQAKS.    ,,i  ,;  ;.. When niiiklnit a trip around tho-  ,i I'arlc call ou  W�� D.�� JODCS B'lSghthouaont    g  99 ooaooaooaoeeasoooooaeee  1  t  I  ���  %  m9'��9X9&9&9^9m^m*mm9^^  ".-.....aa ��� . ���        ,.  V. ti  Gold at a Discount  Is nomore a Bargain than &.'%  ^65 Cleveland Bicycle at #45.    |;  We have Just a limited number of both Ladles' and Gent's S  Models--190I. make���regular J05.00 wheels, which go while they last $  at $45.00.  This Is the greatest wheel bargain In years. 2  io a*^!__&-! J, 126 Hastings St. !  ������'���"*."'-.'  SOLE AGENT ";..        %  '��9)\i9)Vi9)\i9)Y.9~my��9)��9iiK^^^  XVe have now In stock a full Hue of   the bost Hentlng Stoves ln the market  and have made it very low   mice   on them to clear thoni out in a hurry.  COAL'-33ASB"BURNERS, COAL HOT  DRAFTS.  AVOOD  HOT  DRAFTS,  PLAIN A IU TIGHTS, CAST TOP AIR   TIGHTS, ETC., ETC.  McLennan,  McFeely &* Co,.  Phone 44.  122 Cordova "Street;, ���Vancouvor. 11.0. n ���,  Phone 1063.  WHOLESALE GROCERY, V  Cordova and Water Streets,   -V; Vancouver, B. C-  X&SeTi Headquarters for' BJomcsttC and Sm-  [jorted Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  Tho trouble is that a man's Pants get shabby-before'the rest-, of liis  suit. -Then if-lie Is not partlcu larly..thoughtful' .or "canny", about such  matters lie -fouys another suit instead of another ,pair of pants to ma tell  tho present suit anil give it a now lease of life. .'..���..���.:'���'.-.  ������'5'Perhaps we arc not diploma tic In giving out this hint; but diplomacy  or no diplomacy wo have the interests ot our customers at heart,and'  strive to act in tlieir interests.    , :.   . ,    ��� ,     '  '....w-.Vo have h-unflreils of pairs of pants, bought with'a view   to   Just  such cases.  .     , '..',,-. ���" ���" '������''���:'    ���'..,,       -���"  :.   ! Prices'-run from.'IM..SO. to ashlgh as.SO.   : . ;;  yi: JOHNSTON,! KERFOOT! friiCOyXXi,  i        VV;! VVV     104 and 106 Cordova Street.! ���';' ;,  Trunk Store 12r!t1aslinfs St., Ob)j. Wm; Kalhh's.  ���*^ :' '��� --^ ;''1 --'^ ;r:':: :'^- '-^ ^���^' ^ :^^ ";{--' -"' ^-^^'"^":^'-^-^^'W!.^  ' :&���  '.���-;.-  ���-.y,M  Because . we.,;haye  the  stock;~to ���; 2-.  "supply you the'toesb) A'J '''���':'   i:i;  ............... '.���'.'-,'..'".",'.'       ���'"'..-.-   ^T-  Because our attention .will assure.,; ���**  '������ -best ser.vIceVV/..    V'"X'iX.X" :;yi-'''.vSjr'v  --'���-������:- j.- :-v".'ifyyy.    y-y:������:���-:���:.:������ i;4>~:  Because <we can* save you; time ;^ !  L^aiid money.yiyXiiyi :.[ ������-.'"  :���   f OR   SEVERAL- REASONS;  BlilLDEUS': supriiEs^-  OMTRilCTOKS' MITLIES,  JOGGERS^SUITLIKSI,   ^  BLACKSMITHS' SUITLIES,  t  ;i*  *-:  W;  I7  rmw ���/MILL -s  ���!-���''" "  Bejjause one .order Is a step to- iifl-'i J  wards a permanent -customer; 'V-.& i'i"   ":m  **y:..A:i��tX  .7tt-\: .-'"��� ������'..' ���������:���- ���������!."���-���  '^ii'A'iXiy'XX'iy.  ......---���: ;---- ...OT   ��� v--- yi-:y.:-yy:   ;.;-^%-  1k^^K**K^**i^K^{^ ;  339 Hastings Street.  ������S#3��>��^^  .asm  : ��� "The Beer vvltliout.Peor','���makos';deIightful drinking^;''iy>iX:  Raise your glass and drink with -us  this  delectable,    amber-colored,.'  ly..."leverage���-this king of drinks ���tills health-giving,  sparkling liquid  of .  ,��� ��� crystal purity: that clears, the.'-cobwdbs  from   tho  brain���seiids!. ...irarhi,'-'i  rich  iblood   bounding   through one's veins���puts one In a kinillylmood:;'  .;.-: -7: It chases away tlio,cares ot business.  .'���.; ���'-;..-i".iyAAilyi.Ayi  lit furnlslies'.'huinor: that/shakes one's: sides;. -.--     ���; ���:��� ���yAxX;XA:y -'';,���;���������.  ���" It Warms the very cockles, of one's;1 heart,-; and.7 brings:-'.'to life: the  'better, side of one's; nature, made dormant7 by the exatlons of .this -too;,  'strenuous ago. -IU: y    ���   ;���'. ,- ::'- X '"'���-���-'. ;.'���:'"'���- -;.-y X.,y        Xxyy'iy  ���Fill  up  your  glass  again ami  drink with lis  this Canaaian-madov  Beer ��� this���..;��� Vancouver- made beer���brewed right.herein .Vancouver.In  a modern plant owned and operated by Vanoouvorltes employing local  :   capital and local help, paying out many thousands of dollars annually  in wages and for local materials���money:which*llnds Its "way back into  tho pockets of��� our own fellow-townsmen;   ': .      -.;_:.,.:   ... - ,...���:, .���:���.;  Butit is not upon the strength of loyalty to home institutions that  wo nsk your patronage���rather upon  tho  intrinsic; worth   of   Cascade  '. itself;- ������.-."       :.-���'��� xy i.t'������������������ ��� ,: ������'. .-���-���;��� .- ���:-.- .--,������..;-. -  In a few short months Cascade, .by-sheer worth, has forced  itself  right up at the head of the pro cession .until to-day it sUinds..; ,.>,.  a  m  ��������0��SXs)��S��^  'jtist.:';V.";:';';-..'-"' 4.  ..  .������-,..  -���Give!���:':aX': i,   ��� ���"���.'>���'  'USV^:':,';77;.;!'7''77'';'';..  One /Trial  '-';���.;:':���.,. at   Laundering   your  Flunnols and seo how nicely wo  !:do them.,;.! '.:,������  '. '"-...  !:;V!  .    Mnke them clean and sweet;  keep them soft and iiiiHlirunkc-ti.  Steam  ���Phonk 346. 910 - 914 Richards St  llow.vrow.v Office, No. 4 Aiicadb.  V     WHITE   HtLP  ONLY. - .<���  Parcels called for and delivered.  Advertise In The Independent.  ���������������������������<>���<�������<���������������-��-��  Take No Chances  You cannot afford - to neglect  your; eyeslg.it when you know  that toy coming to us you can get  a pair of Glasses to suit your  ���eyesight perfectly. Let Mr. Allan,  our.doctor of optics, examine  your eyes and-give you the glass  you need. ; Examination free.  ������;������  UAVIDSON BROS.,  The Jewelers and Opticians,  146 Cordova St. ,, ,',..,'.'   .;���������������������)-  llv  S5!' .'  mm^&mm^mmmmmmm^ms^����^'""

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