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The Independent Jul 26, 1902

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 Legislative Llfcfy "Mar. ��!<��  THE ROYAL BANK  ���   . OF  CANADA ,  . . SAVINGS' BANK . .'   (  A Genoral Banking Business           Transacted.  OFFICES���Hastings   Street,   XV.,  IWartmlnster Avenue, Vancouver.  B. C. PERMEftT LOAS A\D  SAYIffflS CO.  Authorized Capital   ���    JIO.OOO.OOO  Subscribed Capital   -   ���    1,500,000  Atsctsovur    -    -    -    ���      300,01.1]  Head Oflice 321 Canib.'o Street, Vhn  eourcr, B. C.  VOL. 5:  VANCOUVER, B. C., SATURDAY, JULY 26, 1902.  NO 18  W BUILDING TRAMS.  'Mr. J. Lafield will erect a new house  on Barclay street. ;       ���  There are at pit-sent no Idle men In  "the building trades in this city.  P. Turduff has started a ne\y Job on  iHarwcod street. It ls a dwelling house  and will cost about $4,000.  The builders laborers' union ls pro-  gieislng favorably. Meetings are held  weekly���every Thursday night. Those  Met yet In the union are given a hearty  invitation to send ln their applications  lor membership without delay.  . It Is to be regretted that the Work in  connection with the building of the new  annex to the C. P. R. Vancouver Hotel  is not lc accord with the rules of thc  ui.ions. There is a notorious scab at  "kork oh it, who says that he has scab-  lied it before and makes the proud  lioast that he'll do it again. We think  lhat thc officials of the C. P. R. should  reverse things as they stand on this  l��lg work.  New Zealand In open court and ln New  South Wales by local boards. In the  Vjctorla "'net there Is a very Important  provision to the effect that the pension  may be claimed by any person ot any  age who Is In permanent ill-health  caused by having been engaged In  mining or any dangerous or unhealthy  occupation. This may tbe said to contain the^germ of general Insurance legislation., In New South Wales tho  pension may be paid, ta any person of  the age of CO who Is unable, from physical causes to'earn his own living, and  Who, at the age of 65 years, would be  eligible for a pension.  SPECIAL MEETING.  The Trades and Labor Council Willi  meet next Thursday evening to consider  labor Day matters.     Every delegate  is expected 'to be on hand.  "HROCHtiBSS OF MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP.  The United States "Municipal Year  SBook" elves some very interesting facts  in regard to the prevalence of the idea  ot municipal ownership. It shows that  of cities using electricity for street-  lighting, one-eighth or more own their  own plants. Very few .places own gas  works; only one city owns and operates  ��� a. street railway system, and not a  single municipal telephone exchange is  reported. Nearly every municipality  owns Its sewage system and one-half  owns waterworks. e A tew cities own  ferries, and a few others own conduits  ior underground wires, but none, own  commercial centre heating stations. In  the'morth.central states thirty and ons-  Jialf per cent, of the cities own. electric  light, plants,"while' In New England  slightly less, than ten per'cent, of, th?  titles own such, plants.       ���     > ���  MARKET VALUE OF LABOR M. P.'S.  _ What is the market value of a labor  M. P.?' John Burns, M. P., seems to  be the worst, oft, his committee only  providing' ��250 per annum for his  maintenance. R. Bell, M. P., is allowed  ��250 per annum in addition to lils salary as general secretary of the A. S. R.  S. T. Burt, M. P., has ��400 a year allow ance, house, (light, heat ana travelling expenses. J. Wilson, M. P. (Durham,), ��300 and similar allowances; and  C. Fenwlck, M. P., ��500 and travelling  expenses. B. Pickard aiid W. Abraham  are secretaries of ther Yorkshire and  Welsh miners respectively, and receive  an allowance in addition; while lt has  been decided to give any approved  members of the miners' federation who  are clectetd to parliament ��350 per annum, in addition to any salary they  may be receiving for any ofllee held, in  addition to first-class railway fares for  necessary journeys to the .house of  commons. Another engineers' representative is soon likely to seek parliamentary honors. G. N. Barnes, secretary  of the Amalgamated Engineers, has  intimated that he Is willing to come forward as a candidate for Dundee. The  Engineers' Society has agreed to pay  Mr. Barnes' election expenses, providing theie ia not a three-cornered contest.  EMnilliMPMOMS'l  L -  THE OPPRESSION OF CUSTOM- ,  We suffer much* from the .tyranny of  majorities, the oppression of custom,  the gregarious Instinct of commonplace and: timid "-persons. True culture  tends to the differentiation of Individ  uallties, by enabling people^to iflnd out  ���what they are made 'for, what they can  do be3t,, what .their deepest self requires for its* .accomplishment. True  culture is never In a condescending attitude. It knows tihat no kind of power, however trivial, ought to be' re-  yarded with contempt. People . who  carve cherrystones, dance" ballet, turn  rondeaux, are as much needed as (those  who till the soil, construct cabinets or  fafcrlcarte' new theories about, the universe. True' culture resli'ects ��� hand labor upon equal terms with .b'fnin la-  Jor, tlie mechanic wlth'.the Inyentor of  machinery, the crltio'of poetry-with the  singer of poems, .tlie -actor with the  jdnywTlght. Tho 'worldv.waifts all sorts  and wants' eaoh sort tp be of the, best  quality. Culture is not an end in itself.  It prepares a man tor- life,- for_wor':,  for action, r for the reception and einls-  aion ot ideas." Life Itself is laiger than  education, than art, than science. Life  does mot exist for .them, but they for  -iif e.���John "Addington -Symonds. --���  A RELIC OF BARBARISM.  An application 'has been made by the  relatives of Rioe^ to allow the body  to be taken away and "burled In the  usual, manner, instead of in the gaol-  yard. Apart from any special circumstances connected with the Rice case,  wfe think the request should be granted.  That Is to say, that we think tbat the  notion of .attempting to flx a stigma  to the lifeless clay of thla criminal is  a senseless relio of-harbarlsm, and that  it ought to be abandoned In all cases.  The judgment of man upon ihis fellow-  man ends with death. That which survives passes before.a.higher tribunal,  and there is no sense In trying1 to  wreak vengeance on the dead body,  while lt may add ito the pain and suffering of innocent relative*. The death  penalty is a preventive at crime, but no  murderous passion will be checked by  the fear of burial in the gaol-yard. It  Is simply a stupid, cruel and barbarous  custom, which has been retained out of  mere force of ihaiblt, and whldh cannot stand one moment's reasonable  consideration.���.The Globe.  OLD     AGE    PENSIONS    IN    AUS-  . ,     '       ' TRuVLIA.   .    -       '  ' Sir John A. Cockburn said recently  "that the states of New South Wales  and Victoria, following the example of  New Zealand, had already passed old  sice pensions acts.   The pensions were  payable to persons over the age of li"  years who had resided 25 years In the  itate. No pension could be paid to anyone  wflio. has  been  Imprisoned  for  a  'term of five years during the preceding  ���"55 years or for four months diirlnjr tho  preceding 12 years, or had not lived u  sober and reputable  life  for  tho  last  live years, ^he maximum amount of  pension ls ��18 a year In New, Zealand,  '��26 a year in New South" Wales, and Ss.  'a week in Victoria.  The pension ii diminished by ��1 for every ��1 of Income  above ��34 IA New Zealand and above  '��2�� in New South Wales.   In tho lat-  'ier country the maximum pension foi  husband and wife, when not judlplally  saparated, ls  ��19 10s. each'   The provisions of the act do not apply to aliens  'or Asiatics or Austral an aboriginals.  TDhe Investigation   of  the  claim   to a  ^pension ls conducted  in Victoria and  AND  THEY CALL THEM  "FREE."  ,In France, as In England, there Is a  "free" labor movement. The purpose  of the organisation Is to 'bring about  a better understanding between labor  and capital, the theory being that the  Interests of capital and la'bor are iden-.  tical." The method of the "free;' laborers Is to establish employment agencies, conducted by officers of the organisation,-where-employees are-fur-  nlshed to take the place of strikers or  to supply employees to those capitalists who desire to lock out union laibor.  An exchange asks:    How much of a  "free  contract"   Is   lt  when   the  man  wlio owns  the machine and the land  i  fixes the wage of the worker and the  price of the worker's product?     The  worker ls "free" to accept the wug-'s  offered or starve/ and to pay the price  for the product or go without.     This  Is what our capltullst friends call "free  contract." i  One great need of the union men ot  the country Is a cleircr conception of  the manner of applying trade union  principles to non-union men, "says the  Kansas City Labor Record. Some men  are non-unlonlsts _ because they  do not understand the principles  underlying this great movement.  Others, are such because In times of'  trouble they can make more money by,  selling their freedom and becoming the  slaves, prisoners and tools of the great;  capitalist to defeat their brother work-'  men In tho effort to obtain just a pro-1  portion of the wealth which they create. The former class, If intelligent,  can be brought info  The Fold  of the union by a strong and convincing argument In favor of our cause.  Every union man should be at all  times prepared to give such an argument'. The other Is hard class to persuade, because they have never read  anything on this irpportant industrial  topic. They can only see that there Is  an immediate gain for them by accepting an offer to work for a firm at  greatly increased wages pending the  outcome of a strike, although after it  the manufacturer has no more use for  them than the union man had.  Tbe-Non-Union Man  of this ciass does not look far'enough  ahead to see-that the act of preventing his fellow-workmen from bettering their condition will ultimately  bring him to that same level against  which they protest and which he himself helps to create. Nor does he realize, on the other hand, that helping  them to gain a point raises him in the  'same proportion in which he has helped  to raise his brothers. The flrst desire  of a union man should be to convince  the ndn-ur ionist that .   ' -  ��� The Union is Right-  that It is an advantage to him. Having done this, you have added one to  the ranks who will never leave them,  because he thoroughly understands the  principles of equity upon which the  trade union is based. Let us always  remember In dealing with non-union  men that harsh words do not help us.  Little said Is easy mended. We should  persuade, not drive; treat kindly, not  antagonize; and the result will Justify  the patience and persuasion sometimes  necessary in order to convince the non-  unionist.     . '  flieiu is among them a feeling of a ble.  healthy, lusty son towiuds a mother  who n.is always been good to lilm. 1  said they would 'always' be bound to  England, ft depends, of course, on England. Tne- lighting Instinct is very  Uiiiiig In Australia, and there Is one  question on which 1 believe they would  right even England. They will not  have Chinese or Japimese Imnilzratlon.  If England hnd not met them halt-wny  on that, I believe they would have revolted against English interference.  They do not believe in pauperising the  people and cutting down wages so low  that a man can earn Just enough to  live by and be a working ox all his  days. This is what an inllux of the  yellow- races would mean; and if any  English statesman were foolish enough  to attempt to throw the colonies open  to them. I am as sure as I am a living  man that Australia would light for Independence rather than put up with it.  And If that time ever came England  could not hold Australia a week."  SOCIALISTS VS. []\M\m.  AGAINST A GENERAL STRIKE.  WHEN THE SCALE WILL TURN.  A recent cable message from Paris to  the New York World says that Leroy  Beaulieu, an eminent economist, lias  Just delivered a lecture upon tlie conversion of the French 3 1-2 per cent,  debt into 3 per cent, bonds. He showed  that the' rate of Interest la constantly  decreasing, and predicted that In the  next 25 years capital win be glad1 to  iget 2 per cent., t and that fifty years  hence suoh flrst-olass securities as government bonds and railway secuiities  will bear 1 per cent. Interest, "which,"  said, the lecturer, "will compel all ex-  ceptjhe very largest capitalists to work  for a living, and tlie leisure of the class  ott people called well-off will 'be abolished."  A BIG CONTRACT. .  A contract of driving two and n-half  miles of tunnel for the British Col-  "umbia Electric Railway company  thiough solid rock, fiom Lake Beautiful to Coquitlam, has been let to Ironsides, Rniiiile & Campbell. Work will  commence at once. The tunnel will cost  $250,000. The work will take 125 men 27  months to complete. The tunnel will  connect two lakes, the water power of  which will be used in connection with  the establishment of an electric power  plant to provide power to Vancouver.  The entire cost of the scheme is estimated at "1,250,000.   -  ADDRESSES    WANTED.  JONGS.���News .wanted of Evan Jones,  who was last heard of in Cumberland,  B. C, In April, 1801. His brother, John  Jones, inquires.  LATHAM^News^wanted""-of���Panics  Latham, of Dunmurry, who sailed for  New York in 1S47; left New York for  California by the~,wny of Cape Good  Hope the same year, arriving in San  Francisco; married and settled about  San Francisco; during 1SG1 to 1S">  was about Victoria, B. C.J returned to  San Francisco; was seen there hy a  nephew in November, 18C9, living nt  thut time in 172 street, between Guerreros and Dolores streets. In one of  his own houses. Lnst heard of when  ho and his son Tom worecmplojed on  the putting up of the "elevated tinin-  ' wny" In San Francisco. XV. Graham  inquires.  While the delegates to Uie Iron Moulders' International union 'believe in    a  Sorter work day they have no desire  iu their efforts to dbtaln it to involve  their organization In ,a general "strike.  During their convention last week at  Toronto, many resolutions were offered,  favoring a shorter work-day, and when  the report of the committee-on short  work day was made the special order  of busines every delegate was present.  The discussion on the finding of the  committee occupied the entire morning,  and was to the effect that a general demand be made on May lst, 1903, for a  nine-hour workday and that in the  future all agreements mode with employers for the future have a clause  stipulating that nine hours be a day's  work.    This propostlon of the committee was defeated by a very'large majority, and  the following substituted:  "That the 22nd convention ofi the International  Iron  Moulders'  union,  while  .favoring a nine-hour work day, advise  'their, locals unions to accept the nine  hour work day wherever possible without a reduction of wages." The substitute  also includes a clause '"that' in  making agreements for wages the nine-  ihour clause be Inserted."  The great bulk'of the" delegates who  opposed the general 'demand for a nine-  hour day argued that a general strike  would be disastrous to theh' organiza-1  tlon and fatal to a shorter work-day.  They considered that the Iron Moulders* union should pioflt by the experience ot the International machinists  whose general strike for the shorter  work-day did not accomplish the pur-  pos they desired. This decision of the  delegates means that there will be no  genoral strike Ut the iron moulding  trade for a Shorter work day.  CURTIS SPEAKS.  Smith Curtis, M. P. P., said to the  Rossland World last week that It is  more than probable a general election  will bp held before another session. The  government cannot hope if It meets  the house again to carry any legisla.  tlon because of its small and often  uncertain majority. Its actions last  session' are so universally condemned  by tho peoplo that the opposition,  which appens to represent about -10 per  cent, more of the electorate than the  government party of Dnusniulrltes anc  The following articles appeared in  recent issues of the journals quoted,  and Indicate what theso two of labor's  foremost papeis think of thi Western  Labor Union: \  Its Strength Doubtful.  Western Laborer, Omaha, Neb.:"The  Western Labor union may think that  it played its trump card in Denver, but  we have our doubts as to whether it will  prove very strong. The move of the  Western Labor union to open headquarters in the east and begin an active campaign for the American Labor  union (the name of the Western Socialist party), will only split the unions  all over the country Into two factions  ���the socialists and the anti-socialists.  In the end, the American Federation of  Labor will whip the Western Labor union to death. Our sympathies have been  in a great measure 'with the Western  Labor union, but since it has joined  the red buttons who imagine that one  million union men could run a country  where there are thirteen million voters, we pass them up. Before the Colorado union gets' through with their  gieat May dream, they will get all that  is coming to them from the American  Federation of Labor. There are- one  million men affiliated with the American Federation, of Labor. There are  not 100,000 Socialists in the United  States, In and out of organised labor.  It ls not hard to see the finish of the  red buttons in the American Federation  of Labor."  Kitty-Corner Movement.  Cost Seamen's Journal, San Francisco, Cal.:  "The Western Labor union has gone  from sectionalism to factionalism under the name of the 'American Labor  Union.'' However, It will remain the  same old kitty-corner movement. Notwithstanding .the similarity in names,  there will be no necessity for the 'American Labor Union' to hang out a. shingle  announcing 'No connection with the  firm across the tvay.' "  The Gauntlet Thrown Down.  Seattle Socialist: "Thev Gompers  crowd are meeting' in San Francisco  this week. The war Is on, Brother  Gompers. Your federation cannot make  triends with capital. ,Either,you,will  liave to turn socialist,'like Debs and  McDonald, or step down and out. Socialism in the,rank and file ot organised  labor is coming like the whirlwind and  the tide, and you cannot sweep.it tack,  nor a million like you."  and did most excellent service, which  is already bearing its fnult. On his return to Rosslund fiom Ottawa he went  to the Kamloops convention, sorely  against his will, and the nomination of  the rresldfncy of the Piovincial Pro-',  giesslve party was given to him and  Mas confirmed by an unanimous voto.  Since that time he has been active in  the organisation of the new party,  largely at his own expense, the results  of which will be fully perceptible only,  at the forthcoming election.  The Rossland World says:' "Chris  Foley will be greatly missed In this  city, but it is felt that he is going  where his help will be of the greatest  assistance in the furtherance of tha  objects of the reformers. The workers  of Rossland wish him God speed, and  all hope to see his face and- hear his  solid speeches, sparkling with native  humor, more than once in the near fui  ture."  PERSONAL.  (Hon. Clifford Sifton has made up his  mind to start for the Yukon towards  the end of August. '        ,  J. W- Greer, a pioneer typo of the  province, after sojourning for a lime  at Nanaimo, Ladysmith and other  towns on the Island, is back ln Vancouver asain. >  W. A. Pound, of the Victoria Colonist  staff, is a visitor ito the Terminal City'  tJhese days. "Billy" Is an old Vancouver boy and of course Is kept busy acknowledging the greetings of his many;  friends.  Among our visitors this week Was  Ernest Whitworth, an old Vancouver  boy, who is now holding down a linotype on the Seattle Times. Ernest is  now quite a Yankee, and is '"stuck' ou  the Queen City.  CHINESE AND THE BRITISH 13M-  'PIRE.  Mr. Hales knows Australia well.���  hu has watched Its progress through n  Journalist's ^pcc'tat'le-., and this Is what  he savs on the relation of Austialla to  Encland:  "Tho whole trend of public feeling In  Australia is toward the building up of  a great nation. The Australians will  always be bound by silken ties to the  old country. They ha,ve. had no temptation  to rise,  as America had,  and  Maitinites, will feel justified ln ob.  structlng and "refusing to allow It lo do  any business, especially as the recently  adopted redistribution act shows how  grossly unfair is tlie present representation. The best commentary on the  worse than weakness and incapacity of  the government Is shown by the fact  lhat from the very first week of the  .session the electois looked upon the sitting, of the legislature ns a menace to  the welfare of the piovlnce, and ninny  a fervent 'Tliuiik God' wns uttered  when the hou.se was prorogued and the  government was hulked for n time at  least In Its mad endeavor to give nway  thc best part of tho people's patrimony  to railway grnftet.s and to friends'of  the government cliques and clnquern.  Mr. Cuitls added. "I shall be much  surprised If Severn 1 new mines are not  within the nc\l your m- two opened up  tributary to Rossland. and I believe its  vicinity where so many old claims have  lapsed offers to-day to tho prospector  one of the bost Molds found in the interior."  Socialists'  Mistake.  A correspondent writing from Sll-  verton, B. C, says: "Mr. Debs certainly made a mistake when he took it in  his hands to dictate to us what we  should believe. He was hired by us to  conduct an educational campaign, not  to insult our intelligence by calling us  such hard names. Besides, every delegate froni British Columbia to the  Western Federation of Miners convention, with the single .exception ot Jas.  A. Baker, ot Siocan City, voted against  the adoption of the platform of the  socialist party, though "they .each and  all approved of Independent political  action. I have not yet ascertained the  truth of dt, but I am informed that  District No. 6, W. F. of M., which Is  composed of the locals in British Columbia,-was_taeitly_to-be-permltted-to  cenduct its own politics. We'll do it,  ar.yway."  Hon. L. Willielm, editor and manager  of the Coast' Publishing Company, of  Seattle, called on The Independent on  Wednesday. He ls the author of "The ,  Triumph of Michael Sears," a serial  story of-Seattle life, which will'begin  in the.next'number of.the Coast. This  magazine always prints good stories  dealing with truly Western life, and ls  one of the best illustrated: monthlies  published In the West".  The Toronto Globe of the 16th inst,  In its report of the Toronto College of '  Music examinations, states that Miss  Mignon Duke,' daughter of our well-  known grocer, Mr. Thomas Duke, has  passed her tlhird and final examination  ���with first-class honors. The estimable young ladiy hod had one year's tuition under Prof. Hicks, of this city, and)  two years under Prof. Torrington, Of  Toronto. .The Independent congratulates Miss Duke upon her successful  course.  /  IMPERIALISM ON CREDIT.    i  "An Empire run on credit."  would  i  not be, an inaccurate description of our  financial position In this.year of grace.  Bays a London contemporary. We havo  put on posterity about ��150,000.000 for  the South African war, wfolch the alleged "patriots" would not pay for. A"  permanent war tax of nearly ��3.000.000  has been placed1 on the food of the poor,  while our government of landlords anri  rich men refuse to tax the cosmopolitan  Gentile and Jowisfli mine owners, who  were Instrumental in 'bringing the war  CHRIS. FOLEY ARRIVES.  Choice pine apples, in heavy sypup,  ithe cheapest and best, two tins for 25  cents.    At The City Grocery.  We aie pleased to announce the ar-  lival in this city of Chris Foley and  family, who will make Vancouver their  home.   He had been in the intcrloi for  seme six or seven years as a working  miner, mining at the .Monte Chilsto, the  Le Roi and the Centre Star.   It was ut  the latter mine hat he wns called out  of the very IkiwcIs of the earth to run  as  a  candidate    of    tin; workingiiicn  against the nominees of the old parties  at the last Dominion election as a rep-  icsentntlve   fiom   Vnlu-C.iiiboo.     How  close  he   ran  the  winner,   the pi (sent  member, is a matter of history.    Thnt  he would  have  won  hud  the farming  section been sepniateil   I'rom  this  dlstiict,  "with   the  interests, of which   he  has little or nothing In  common,  the  figuies show plainly enough.   In Rossland his vote totalled the joint vote of  his opponents.'   After this he was'up-  pointed to  the commission to investigate the immigration of Oriental laboi  albout" Ilfthe present year alone Cose  Colony lias borrowed ��0,200.000^ Yet  wo,havo the usual lying statements aa  to tlie prosi>erity of the' Colonv. and  statistics given ito show an actual surplus of revenue ever expenditure.  . The colony of Natal ihiis a debt of  ��12,500,000! The debt ot the two colonies is now ��45,000.000, lent to her children at good round rate of interest by  the mother-usuioi-. The Indebtedness  of the whole of Soutih Africa is about  ��00.000.000.  Up to the end of 1900 the Australian  colonies owed Great Britain the onor-'  mous sum of ��213,300,000. Canada, Oey- .  Ion, Jamaica���there Is not a British possession which is not existing ou credit.  The Independent warns a report of  each union mentlng and news concerning ithe members of every organization.  Such reports and news will do much to  aiistnln nnd create Interest in the organizations. Secretaries are especially]  urged to tend ln these reports, but  nows from any member of an organl-  .atlon will be received with pleasure.  Venus flour still lakes th'e lead; give  lt a trial. Sold only hy Tlie City Grot  eery Company.  (  ������!  -:\  i'i  1 .  i ..J  1.' K  ���''���VI  ~i:4  y��W'"i&.{ ���  .���i'.y/te."  i-      .-t * By Jlelon Kiemensnytlor.  If  fill  m  n$ '.  \f  ill:  IP"  TS 'i  ]���:  If ���":���  I.-Li:  ���['A (lo not "want any money. I only  -want to save your lifo���for your chil-  <hv:v. Yon ennnot livo if the tumor  :i? vtit removed sooni''-'  "1 lmow that. Tho New York doc-  lor said the swno thing."  "Tlicn vou hnvo boon to Now York  /i.i wo n doctor:"  '"Iio mine hero to roe mo. The  Oilier Lady sent fur liini. Oh!" sho  iiiiik-d confusedly, "don't toll no nun.  .Sno sayed 1 shouldn't tell no 0110 that  she sum I'or him."  "Will you tell nie  who  the  doctor  M.'l-i?'  "Dr. Tniine."  "Traine! Ho cnnie from Now York  10'twyitu!" ho pniil in surprise, i'or  t!ir. man's rcpu'iition wns high  rind lim price set upon overy minute  ol' his timo wns largo. Ho decided  tluil I lie 'Other Lndy' must bo.a very  gciieiMUs womnn.  "And what did Dr. Trnino niivise  you tb <lo?"  "I'm to so to n:Now York hospital  '.is soon ns tlio Other Lady cnu find  ���:, Konii! ono to stay with my childieu.  Doctor Trniue, ho'll lake charge of  inn v/lieu-I get thero. Tho 'Other  Laily'i; payin'for it.mid sho's goin'  "io c;ei soma ono to stay with my chil-  -dreti. Oh!" sho lidded fervently,  ���"she's.un angel! Ii many peoplo wns  like hev, we'd hnve heaven on earth!"  '.Forney was silent for a moment;  proently lie paid:  '"Does tho 'Other Lady' live in the  village':"'  "No, sir, she's a summer boarder  at Pclhniu Bench Cottago."  Ho felt, tlio blood rush to his ; face.  'Miss Hale!" ho thought,, with a  euddcu leap of his heart. "And I had  begun to think hor a bit mercenary  nuc! selfish I So this is tho way she  employs somo of her superfluous  . iwinltlij'*  THe could not doubt for a moment  "chat it wns Mies Hale, as she and her  aunt woro the only "lady hoarders"  in. tiie cottage, besides Miss Rankin,  who wns, of course, poor.  Tho discovory whs quickly followed  by imothor which did not pleaso him  so well.  "Then the lady from Pelhani Beach  .Cottage., who Is so inconsiderate about  hor laundry, and delays paying for it  when it is not finished on timo, must  be Miss Rankin. I would not have  belioved that of hor."  "How did the ladies at Pelhani  Beach Cottage," ho nskod, "hear of  you in your retreat here?"  "The landlady at the Cottage sondu  for me wheu tho ladies want washing  did, nnd I go and got it. But tho  Othor Lady found us one day hore,  ,whon sho was takiu' a walk'.'  "Whj-do you call her the 'Othor  rLaciy?'"  "It's the cliildren begun it. They  >sesn both the yonng ladies at the Cottage when they went with mo, one  might, to fotoh tho wash. And tho  ���Other Lady talked to 'em, aud sayed  she onco had two little sisters just as  big as them, and she put her hands  on tlieir cheeks, and afterwards thorn  children couldn't talk of nothin' else  tar a week."  And bow a. now idea suddonly flosh-  ���cdnpon the woman's mind.  �����ril tell tho Other Lady that you'll  ���do it. Then I wouldn't have to go/to  Hew York. And you wouldn't charge  bo much, mebbo, as Dr. Trains. His  prices' is that high, you wouldn't believe, it! : Ho charged her one hundred  and fifty dollars to como hero and see  aifil" she said with a half gasp, "aud  Ihe sayoel that was cheaper'u he done  St "for most. And she paid it that  y.vSwcrful! And. when ho sayed ho  could cure ine and save me, to my dear  children, the Other Lady jus' broke  down and cried! She's thnt feolin'  a. heart I I nover knowed. such a lady  beforo! Now this afternoon, whon I  ���was hurryin' so'b to get that wash  ���did, she sayed, 'If tho lady don't pay  yon prompt for it, I'll pay you���or  ��� TU  help  yon  iron   it, 'she   sayed,  3a*.ighin'."  ___!^>imo>^^_^^pJj^inipressed._Snch  loveliness of character as���tho wo-~  man's words revealed to him in Miss  Hale, such conerosity and sympathy  ond tenderness,, such an harmonious  confirmation of her beautiful exterior  ���his honrt burned within him as he  behold tho fair spectacle. He had  *caw!d, of Into, to hopo to find ip her  ���tho fulfilment of the rich promises  ���of her beauty. But horo it was in  moro ahundant moasuro than' ho conld  have rlnrod to expect. Ho remembered now how Bho had once told him  that sho "oould not woar her honrt  on bor sleeve." How littlo sho lot  ' her real fiolf bo known���savo to thoso  wlio callod forth her generous passion I  "Ho was thankful for this hour���  thankful for tho know knowlodgo  trait had como to him of this most  "jenutiful womnn ho had ovor socn.  '������ You may toll hor," ho said to the  woman, "that I will tako your cns��  froo of chargo if 'slio is willing to give  ojp sending yon to Now York. I will  BttHo i"io matter with Dr. Traine;  he is 11:1'intimate friend of mine."  H�� tl.nugkt ho nndorstood just why  IHIss H-.i'lo had net in the first placo  Riven him tho caso. He mused upon  tho matter, as, a half hour lator, he  ���snmt from tho log cabin and slowly  walked back through tho woods to-  wnrds, Pelham Beach Cottage (but  ���haforo leaving tho widow and her  children, ho had gono to the baok of  tlm cabin, thrown off his coat, and  ^ifioronsly   chopped    a  big  pile  of  kindling wood).  "Miss Halo know that if she offered  the case to me," be said to himself as  ho strolled away, "I would not lot her  pay me, so she sent for Traino and  told the widow not to tell. Then,  too, I perceive that Bhe doesn't like  to. hnvo her good deeds too woll  known."  With his newly-discovered olue  tb  hor chnrnctor. he determined to prol>  hor  and try whothor he could or not,  by fair moans  or foul, lend hor into  an expression of the moro earnest sido  of Iiorsolf in  hor   intorcourso  with  him  "It is her stultifying society career  that makes her  think sho hns  got  to  bo a. nonentity in talking to n man."  Yet ho remembered too clearly how  his ropentcd attempts at soriousness  with her hnd boon disappointed. He  recalled, also, hor opinion of hor girl  friends who woro given to "slumming." "Only a poso," she liud do-  dared; which was, of courso, in some  measure a just judgment of tho practice.  "Sho i.s an odd mixture," he told  himself.  Meanwhile, thoro was an niupiiot  undercurrent in his heart, and when  ho slopped to analyzo it, ho found ho  was feeling vory uncomfortable in his  consciousness of Miss Rankin's want  of' consideration and kindness in hor  dealings with tho poor widow.  "They must surely have misunderstood her���I cau hardly think hoc  capable of such unainiable behavior.  Sho is too- "  Ho was arrested by something which  ho spied in tho rath just beforo him  ���a shoot of foolscap papor, clean,  and covorod with writing. He stooped and picked it up. The writing  scorned to be an educated feminine  hand.   ���  "It mut bo Miss Halo who wanders  nlono iu theso closer tod. rogions-in  search of protoges and drops things  hy tho way."  But ho saw at once that it' was not  Miss Halo's writing; he know hor  hnnd very woll. Tho Douuiansnip,  howovor, struck him as being familiar, though ho could not romembor  whoro ho had ever scon it boforo. Tho  shoot was covorod with verses���rather  niarkod and erased. . Evidently they  had just been composed, for tho ink in  blotted places was not yet quito dry.  Curioisty led him to read.  "Bohemia," tho versos were hooded.  "The world of enfo and attic,  ���������'��� Tho world of tho poot and knave,  Whoro we wolcome tho genius erratic,  Tho witty, tkq fair, and tho brave.  "Where lifo is .somotiiuos but abubblo  That floats on tho top of our wine,  Without thought  of tho  morrow or  trouble,  Whon youth,   love,   and  art scorn  divine.  "But somotimes the bleak  clouds of  worry  Como over Bohemia-laud,  And life is an ignoblo hurry  To escape from the foes on each  hand.  "Grim failure, and Povorty grimmer,  'Till wo stumble and faint on  tho  way,  And Youth's rose-illusions grow dimmer,  And the sky fades to desolate, gray.  "But here's to tho world that wo livo  in,  Tho clearest of countries to ino,  A world to work,'  lovo,   and forgive  in,  Bohemia, land of tho freo!"  "Hello!" Forney said to himsolf.  "Now who on earth wrote this? Who,  about horo, could havo written it?  Aud whore havo I fcen this writing?  I am sure'I have seen it souiowhoro."  . Ho thought he liked tho littlo lines  ���there was a siting and a dash to  them.  "As for Bohemia," he smiled,, "I  must pity tho soul that never longs  for that'land of the froo.' I could  shako hands with tke author of theso  rhymosi I'mean to'.find out her or  him.   Ah!"  He had a sudden recollection.  "For Edna, a full million."  Ho had onco seen tho words in a  blank book belonging to Miss Raukin.  Tho samo hnnd hod written thorn  which had penned these verses. Ho  was sure of it. Ho romomborcd~that~  writing perfectly." It was peculiar���  ns was this on tho paper which ho  carried.  But could Miss Rankin, that demure, quiet littlo Puritan, havo written such reckless scntiniouts as theso?  Bohemia! ; What did sho know of  Bohemia? And yet, as he rocalled  tho spocoh which had burst from her  (ho night bofore while ho had stood  at hor sido on tho piazza, ho could  quite beliovo her capablo of Rome daring. Yes, theso versos woro entirely  consistent with that impulsive outbreak iu which sho hnd. challenged  him to moot her "on tlie human piano  and not on tho conventional."  VAnd can it bo," ho regretfully  thought, ns ho folded tho paper and  put it into his pocket, "tlmt this interesting girl is soUlsh and thought-  'loss iu .dealing with peoplo poorer  than horsolf? But I won't condemn  her unheard. I shall discover for a  certainty whether sho really is."  Jlis thoughts woro interrupted by a  slrniico sound���strange,' at auy rate,  to be heard in theso lonely woods.  Ho paused in tho path and listened.  It was repeatod distinctly, Iio was  not mistaken; it was tho sound of  sobbing, faint and suppressed. It  thrilled him with a sort of horror.  It. seemed not far away. 'He followed  the direction from which it appeared  to come, and in a moment ho wbb  brought in sight of something whioh  mado him stop short in astonishment. A young girl' lying on the  grass under the trees, her face buried  in her arms, her shoulders shaking  with her emotion. He know hor at  once; that dainty print gown, he remembered, she had worn at breakfast  and luncheon; aiid that wavy brown  hair and tho little curling tendrils on  lier dclieato nock���it occurred to him  that he would recognize that gold-  brown hair at any time or in any  plneo, howovor distant.  His first impnlso was to steal away  uiioisorvod nnd not intrudo upon hor  griot. whatever it might bo. But  pcrlinps it was tho snbtlo power ofthe  gaze so concentrated upon her that  mado lier suddonly chock hor crying  and .raise hor head Sho looked nbout  hor at first iu n dazed, vague wuy;  then hor eyes fell upon him.  Sho did not start .or soom vory much  surprised. Slio sat up, smoothed her  gown, wiped her oyos. and calmly  looked at him.   He  camo  to  her at  1 D  once.  "I bog your pardon for intruding,"  ho said, "but aro you in trouble. Can  I help you?"  "Thank you, no," sho said smiling,,  though hor lashes woro still wot. ' I  havo boon giving way to a childish  fit of���of weariness���aud now I fool  much botter for having let myself  cry out."  "May I sit down?"  Ho did not wait for her consent, but  seated himself on the grass at hor  sido.  "Aro you given to wandering alono  about tho country and in thoso woods,  Miss Rankin?   It is not wise."  "Yon mean it ib not safe? But I  am vory fearless. I often como out at  night and walk down to the shore. I  can not resist it."  Ho shook his head, frowning rather  sternly.  "That is really wrong," he said  with docision. ' Yon ought not to do  it."  "I can not help it���I can't bo afraid  whon everything is so beautiful,"  Sho lookod up at the great trees beneath which they sat! The sunlight  shono warmly through the oi��uings  between tho bronchos and .tho deep  bluo overhead could bo soon in spots  among tho green. Prom tho distance"  camo tho niusio of tho soft splashing  of the wavos on the shore. No other  sounds broke the stillness of their retreat.  "Nevorthpless," ho Eaid, "yon  onght not to wander so far from tho  cottago alone. I should try to mako  you promise inb." ho added, smiling,  ''not to do snch rash things ever any  more���but thero is something about  you that warns 1110 not to wnsto my  enorgies. Yon could not bo porsuadod  to mako tho promise,1 could you?"  "I do riot boliove in vows."  "Of whatever description?" he  quickly asked.  -  "Of whatever description," Bho  answored.  "Marriage vows, for instance?"  " 'Thoy need no vows to bind  Whom not each. other seek but  find,'"  she quoted. "Vows, in a marriage  coromony, seem so unnecessary. At  least thoy would be in my case. But  don't tell Mias Matthows."  "I value your wolfaro too much to  do that. But aro you a Quakoress? I  always have thought there was something Quakerish about you. But no!"  ho'-added. "I had forgotten! Of  conrso you aro not a Quakeress. Thoro  is an clement of daring in you whioh  forces itsolf through your quiot ways  sometimes! An impulsiveness which  no Friend over hod!''  "Yon seem to have analyzed me,  Dr. Forney!"  "It is a little  way  I havo. '��� Very  impertinent, I supposo you think it."  'Oh, no; it is really interesting to  hear your results."  Thoy were silent a moniont. Suddenly sho laughed.  . "What must you havo thought of mo  when you camo upon 1110 lying hero  crying liko a child? How long were  you -watching mo?"  Her fingers interlaced nervously as  sho asked the question, and hor lips  quivered.  /=--"Oiily-a minute.-���You-^aw- me_al-_  most at onco." Ho lookod at her  keenly. "Miss Rankin," ho said  gravoly, "my dear child, what hns  'wcariod' you to such a degree? Yon  aro unstrung."  Thoro Was a solicitudo in his tono  that brought tho color to hor faco and  mndo her rogard him for a. moment  as though toinptcd to pour out to him  the sccrot burden of hor heart.  "I wish,"''slio snid, "that I could  toll yon." .Sho hesitated.. "But you  know thoro are problems in our lives,  somotimes, thnt no ono can solve for  us."  "Yon."  "I camo horo nlono tliis snnimor,"  she wont on, "to this quiet place, so  that I .might have time nud solitude  tor looking into my lifo and seeing  just whoro I stand���and whither I nm  drifting. But I cannot soo vory clearly. I am bnflled 'uud porploxcd���and  I am worn out with trying to soo!  Oh I" sho said, with a littlo pai-sion-  ato movement of her head, "thero  aro-.111011101118 wlien I would gladly  givo. it all up!"  1       [continued.] .   . }5^2.  t$ff#iu!ds  "^ttM^r;  ��� . ~-w^- -*,.,    -/'-'- iiy'-^-i/ y~���>~~-^.    *       I  ' p~-fy. 4ifr-fi-<lcuf���/ffor^ iM^fiMirny  ffL&tn/i 1  \0  Tcfuies nvMirri/  I A train big enough to carry7., tlio  live stock wliich arrives, in a single  j dny in the Chicago stockyards would  i have to be 1 li'i's of a mile long, and  contain 2,397 trucks.  I   ���    FRIENDLY ADVICE.  TO WEAK, NERVOUS AND EASILY  T1HED WOMEN.  .Given in the Story of One Who Had  Suffered and Has Found Renowod  Health and Strength.  From the Sun, Orangovillo,7 Ont.  j It is a good many years sinnco the  good wrought, by Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills was first recorded';, in. the columns ol' the Sun, ��� but during that  'period the sterling merit of the nied-  :iciiie has .increased"its reputation  jnnd every day adds to the number  ! ol' those - who havo found health  ;through the uso of these famous  Spills. Many in this town'have freely  spoken of the benefit thoy havo do-  rived from the uso of Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills; and to theso another ia  added: in tho person of Miss ,Vic-  'toria Widdis. To a reporter of the  Sun who had heard of her cure, Miss  j Widdis said : "Several years ago I  ���became very much run down; I felt  tiled all the time, my "blood was  'watery und I was in what the physicians culled an anaemic condition.  'I was always weary ajid worn out,  not able,to, do anything and yet not  sick enough to be in bodt. My heiirt  bothered 1110 with its constant palpitation, brought about by my extreme weakness. My appetite failed  mo and I was gradually growing  worse. I had hoard and read of Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills and decided to  give them a trial. After using them  a short time a decided change was  noticnblo and it is 110 exaggeration  to say that ly felt like an entirely  different person, lly appetite returned aiid with it good blood and  strong nerves. I can ' conscientiously  say for Dr. Williams'; Pink Pills that  ithey did me moro good than I can  'toll. To all weak, nervous, easily  'tiicd, run down women, I sny by  all means give Dr.-Williams' Pink  Pills a trial and you .will bo.delighted with the result."  It. is becauso theso. pills make, rich,  red blood that they; curo such.trouble') as anaemia, shortness of breath,  headache, palpitation of the heart,  rheumatism, erysipelas, St. Vitus'  dance, and the functional ailmonts  that make the lives of many women  a source of constant;''misery.. Thc  genuine pills always 'bear the full  name, "Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for  Tale People,', on tho wrapper on  ���very box. Sold ;; by all; dealers, or  sent, by mail at 50 conts a box or six  boxes for $2.SO, by addressing ��� the  Williams' Modocinc Co., Biockville,  Out.  Mnny a man with a good si'lieinc  In. k\ the required nerve to push it  through.  For I'oor  Sleepers. \  Let sleepless people court the Bun.  The very worst soporific Is.laudanum,  and the very best Is sunshine. Therefore pour sleepers sliould pass as muny  hours lu tbe sunshine us possible. Take  also a cup of hot milk before retiring.  There never was, and never will bo, a  universal panuoea, in ono remedy," for nil illb  to which ilesh is heir���tho very naturo of  many curatives being such tlmt wore the  gormg of othor and differently seated di��-  eaeea-rootcd in'tho systom of-tno-patienl���  what would rcliovo ono 111 in turn would aggravate too othor, ; Wo havo, howovor, In  Quinino Wine, whon obtainable) in a sound,  unadulterated state, a remedy for many and  grievous ills. By its gradual and judicious  use tho frailest systems aro led into convalescence and strength by tho influenco which  Quinino oxcrtc on nature's own restoratives,  lt relieves tho drooping spirits of tlioso with  whom a cbronlo suite of morbid despondency and lack of interest in lifo is a disease,  and, by tranqulllzlng Uie nervos, disposes to  sound and refreshing Bleop���Imparts vigor  to tho iiclion of tho blood, which, being  stimulated. corn-Bos throughout the veins,  strengthening tho healthy animal functions  of tho system, thcroby making activity a  noccsrary result, strengthening tho frame,  und giving lifo to tha digcstlvo organs, which  nnturally demand Increased substance���result, improved appetite. Northrop & Lyman,  of Toronto liavo glvon to the publio tlieir  auporlor Quinino Wine ut the usual rato,ard,  gauged by tho opinion flf scientists, this  ivino npproaclios nearest perfection of any ir  'ho market.   All (V-irmii-i, -���'.i ���;,  PreHi'rvcd l-*Kirn.  Ej.'g'- my lie l;t'|il iii'iici'lly fresh'a  long time (sonic iintliorltu-y Kiiy us long  as 11 yi'iiri by dipping ihcin into a solution 01' two ounces of gum arable lit u  pint of cold wntcf anil pncklng-tlieui  (ilriedi In powdered charcoal.  Asiatic  !;:i^plpeH.  In the mountains of. Asia .Minor tlii're  is a'UInd or li:igpl|n> I'.-illi'il the glinidn.  In shape It I.s not mntrt'lnMy dltlci-ciit  from the bagpipes of Scut land.  Willi  I'micr.  Wall p:ipir was first made In Germany about loUU  A person 20 years old, luis on an  average, 42 years of life before him  if, be lives in the United States, 'U if  ho lives in England, and only 37 if  his homo is in Belgium.  Stifc, Certain, l*r��iiii>t, Economic���Tlioso  fow ndjecLivub apply witli pocull'ir forco to 3)r.  Thomas' Eclcutru: Oil���u siiiaclaril oxtoriitii nud  interim] romedy. udiiptcd to tlio roliof nnd euro  of coughs, soro ihroal, liours,uncss und all affections of iho broathinK organs kiduoy troubles,  soro , lameness aud physical pain. .  Cnst-iron \ploughs wero   introduce  nbout 120 years ago, and much oil  jected to on tho ground    that the ]  poisoned tho' land.  '   The lyre bird of Australia is   tl.)  biggest song-bird in tho    world.   Jl  is nearly as largo as a prairio chi  ken.  A mummy of an.Egyptian king recently discovered lias in its mouth  a set of artificial teeth. JTho plate  is of wood, and the teeth are knobs  of brass;  '1 hero arc so many cough medicines in tl 1  mat-let, tlmt it ia sometimes difficult lot'l  which to buy; but if, we had a cougl^ a ea. \  or any nfiliotion of the throat or lungs, \'j  wbulu try Bicklo's Anti-Consumptive Syru,]  Those who havo used it tliiu:; it is far nhft 1  of a 1 otlier preparations locommended 1'  tucli couiplaii'ts. The little folks like it jl  :t is ns plo.isaut us syrup. ��� 'I  Keep MHABD'S LIHIMT to ilB House.  CANADIAN SNAKES.  Arthur flarv*}', Xoiml i'orolito .Sclentllt,  GIvvm .Hoinii Ii'irormutlun.  Writing to The7 Mail and Empire  the othor day, Mr. Arthur Harvey,  who has moro than a local reputation as a scientist, says: Your paper of tho 15th informs us that some  workmen destroyed 128 littlo snakes  they found under some leaves in . a  Rosedalo ravine. You call it' a.  "gruesome discovery," and you  think residents of tho neighborhood  "will learn "with pleasure of - their  prompt despatch."  Thoy wero probably small .specimens : of Ray's; snake; which is not  uncommon near Toronto, for I have  myself found a numbor of them In  similar situations at this time of the  yoar, and onco I found what you  call a "nest" of thorn in the fall pro-  paring to hybomato. Liko all otlier  Canadian snakes, except' the Missis-  saga or northern rattlesnake; they  nro harmless creatures, and while  not so handsomo as the garter snake,  tho fox 1 snake, the grass snake: and.  several others wliich uxo rarer, they  aro pretty creatures, and wholly ad-  mirablo to all who study the Wonderful works'of God.  Tho very movement of tho snake is  full of grace,:and as Solomon; sold  in rray. xxxi 19, one of the ,'four  things hardest to understand. ' Tho  arrnniroinent of ite scales is beautiful and thoir coloring is in all-coses  harmonious. To 'soo a handsome  snako disporting itself in tho sun or  toying with its prey, small flics, in  clear waters, is enjoyable.  ��� Thero sooms to be an -Instinctive  horror of, snakes, common to most  people. I do not think it comes  down from tho time when men were  troo-inhabiting monkeys, to whom  of course snakes woro dansferous; it  is* of much later origin.' Thoro are  countries in which it is justified, for  many are 'cursed'with'venomous  snakos which aro a real danger, and  there it may be' tho part of prudonco  to kill all, on thc Herodinn ' principlo. But' here, .where you have to  go to the islands of tho Georgian  Ray to find a rattler, it is rather  cruel to needlessly destroy fellow  beings, nnd it is better to try to  ovorcoiiio tho inherited repugnance to  harmless, reptiles; so far; at least al  not to tako" their lives without necessity.   A Story of tlit, Wur  Mr. Davitt, who hns developed a  remarkable mastery of the intricacies  of tho Cockney dialect, tells tno following story as it was told t,o him  in Pretoria,, and of which all.; that  needs to be suid is that 'sc non c  verb"o-ben trovato'; ,The Dutch commandant who had chargo of ull the  liritish prisoners taken after the  battlos-of"Glcncoo���Dundue-and-Nick-  olson's Nek, on going his rounds at  midnight on one occasion was ��� astounded to see an English ollicer acting; as ,Docr sentinel over the prisoners, llo paced up arid down the  space of his limited vigilanco wilh  liis Mauser, carried In true  English       sentinel       stylo, and  on meeting       tho       astonished  commandant, calmly saluted and reported 'All right, sir/In reply;; to  the commandant, Tommy gavo the  following extraordinary explanation:  "Woll, sir, this 'oro poor - little  chap," pointing to tho sleeping form  of a Iloor lad fifteen years old, "Was  ilenil.broke for sleep after two nlglits  of duty. 1 takes pity on tho little  chap, iind I says: 'Look 'oro, you're  -regulnr done up, you are, that, sar-  lin. You glvo me your rlfier andvtako  ii bit o" sleep, and I'll do sentry-go  for yoii, I- will. Honor brightl I  won't do nothing wrong, blow mo If  1 do!" So tho llttlo chap wont oft.  It's ail right, sir; don't you blamo  him, please; ho's only a-kld!"'  I cannot report, says Mr.' Davitt,  'what tlie commandant 'did on listening to his account of Tommy Atkins'  humanity, hut I was assured that  neither "the ��� kid" nor: tho , kind-  hearted English prisoner suffered.  I  I   Australia   has    most    churches   iji  1 proportion to population; tho Unitill  States stands next; England is third!  and Spain takes fourth place.        it  As Fnrmoleo's Vegetable Pills contain r/'I  drake and dundolion, they curo livorund kiu'y  complaints with unerring certainty. Thoy ij  contain roots and horbs which navd spot*  virtuos truly wonderful ia their action on^fi  stomach and bowels. Mr. E. A, Calmer 1  Shnkospoaro, wrltos t���UI consider'Parmele  Tills an ozcollor.t remedy for biliousness il  dornnircmotit cf tho livor,having usod them 1  self for somo time."  Cocoa Vnil; Chocolate.  Cocon and cbocolute;are good for digestion and for the. complexion, high  class cocoa in particular being rich in  the delicious principle theobromine,  which Is of the greatest value as a  hearA "tonic.  The Skerrymoro lighthouse, oft '���  Isle of Tyree, is the largest on i  British coasts. It contains 4,E'  tuns of masonry and cost ��90,2<38  Kit for Miuaril's ami iafte m i  In Belgium each member of  Hi ���use of representatives iccci'|  ,CU5 lOs'a month if he does.nor. i'l  in Brussels;   v -    "  Tho Inst time torture was uscd||  Ei'glanrl was in 1640, when a gloj  named Archer was put on tho racj  A10 cent packet, of     j||  Wilson's  Fly Pads  has actually  KilledaBushelil  of Flics    u  v���-*^  1^<*}\&l\  acrscEtmY^/c.  KW^   BOWElj  .ctHESYSTE:]  CLEAN5t-'EFFECTUALl//  ^BITUAL C0[  OVERCOMES   NsT,pATi|  PERMANEN'  ,TSB0Ed/  DUY THE.GENUINE-MAN'F'DjJ  @)r9RN!AjTG5YRV  :<?'��<  ��>*  CAl..    C<>.       *  HAS I  'Off SAlf. BY All DRU66ISTS, PRICt 50c.Pt" B  I  DCTT. j  Dew. falls on a yellow,'surface  readily than on green.    On red/  blnck It will'not usunllyforin.  '      1 '  Centigrade .Thermometers,  The centigrade thermometers usj  scientific research v'and' in the iijf  system countries divides tho Int  between the freezing and the b  oolnt of water Into" 100 parts.   ' <  ami.  s^sifist  issg����&ptti^  mm BOXED APPLES.  I The Sew Method of Marketing���Items  1'roui One of IU Advocnten. ,  The boxing of apples for market finds  I humorous advocates nowadays. I"oJ-  'lowing are some Items gleaned from a  lengthy communication on the subject  to Rural New Yorker by a successful  'tipple shipper. Ue lias packed apples  lis Illustrated. The dimensions of tlfc  box are ll1/- by 12 by 22, what is called  SIMPLE BUTTER WORKER."  |.;or the Average Furmer tho Device Here  Described and Kailly aiade Will (jive  Kfiisoiiable Satisfaction,  ���The proper way of working butter  is by pressing, much the' samo as  is required when pie crust is rolled  with a rolling pin. , It should, ��indeed, be folded over and over, and  rolled repeatedly unf.il' done. The  reason this is not; practicable in the  hand working of butter is tin*.* more  pressure'is needod with-butter than  can ; bo applied, witli tho unaided  hand  Now, for the avorago farmer, who  has only a small dairy, tho slylo.of  butter'worker shown in the uccoin-  Iiiiu.Miig illustration Mill give good  satisfaction,  dud will he.found easy  BEEF CATTLE.  A Hint  nit   to. Unprofitable .l*n\Tti  in tha  llafry���How I'liey 3luy He 31ude  Serviceable.  FRUIT TREE SEEDLINGS.  FA KM.'JIGTTMi WOItKKI!.  of constiiiction Jt consists of a  loiur. lingo ioiling pin, ui the end of  which is put nn uou pin that, in  tuin. is insetted in a hole nt the end  of the fiainc, tlii' sides of tins being  considcinbJy Jugliei than the lollei  Thus, by taking hold of the handle  at tlio other end, one can use it as  both lever .ind ioiling pin. The loiler may bo lound oi six or eight sided, just ns is piefened, but it should  a. do^c or m.TiDwix apples I always diminish in Mze townid   tho  (he Califoinia bushel box. In packing end furthest fiom thv handle  io graded to tluee sizes and packed the A~ can be seen in the inctuio, the  :izos to lit tho bo\, tiering the diflcient but,tcr ��0'Ko�� ^ tiinngulni in shape,  Ishf.cs to Ut the boxes As thej weie red !am' " s ,ould !',c ��""<; 70 to,T/2it  apples l,o used iWiito paper and put it l")'cl0V'(le bj th\a" ,oe1t lo"s If ��f  ,    ,    .,     ,   ,, ��� ,,    ,        , ..,       those dimensions it'an be set on the  onlj In the- bottom of the box lottliu Ul���le_��ho.i 111 use, tl.e point being  t come about lull nay up on the wiles ovor 01|C sldo and ,,10 othtl. <,���,, llls.  |f tlio box. Alter the box was lilled the Jod a t,ille, so that the drip will inn  lottoni was nailed on. the box turned  drip  J oft tl i> point It is much better,  ftcr und tnaiUed for the best apples howevr, to make stout legs for it  CXX, tho&e no\t smaller XX, nntl the .'unit brace them, th* appai.itus can  Inallcst ones X In shipping threo ihu &et Uien wheie one wains it  f)\PS were counted to the bairel, and I In lining it, tho levei or 1 oiler  I figuring flu? piIco pei- barrel thwo j*"1'0"'1. Lo mo"oli lfeut '"ul Ioft ,l"d  Many cows aie not woith keeping.  There is no surplus  of heat    cattlo  in thc land,  but no  desirable young  animal   should  be  sacrificed       that  promises ..usefulness in the near     future even   though'for  a few months  it  is     kept     ut     a      disadvantage,  s.iys a well known biecdcr 111      W  American' agricultural  exchange.  To  profitably fatten a lean aiiinnil      or  any other kind.oh purchased feed ls  un uphill business, yet the    inunuro  lswtilunble and might pay for     the  care.     As," for the best Mjiiy to    fatten  much  depends on  the      animal,  as to uge, bleed, etc.     I never   am  troubled  to sell mv  Duvohs     at      a  good price,  which,  according to figures,  ranges from  S~fl  to ��� S48,  and  good beef too.     I should consider it  impossible to make good meat, from  some lows I have seen      lluny tin- ,  piofltablo cows could  he put to nus-I m "��� c('"1 <-t"'1  ing enhes   without any giain     'Ihis! ,m%*   U.cm  'ut '  would  continue  their  usefulness  niid  at tho same time raise cattle      for  future use.  A good way to feed for beef Is  where -roughage is plenty, go a little slow at (11st, incic.ising gtnin  later on.'< Any kind of roots , ; is  valuable. Jf their ainilvscs me not  high, still then mechanical elicits  uie good, assisting in the digistion,  countci acting the heating elk els of  giain, and giving a good 1el1t.l1 for  food. I would not use coiniucul  alone       C01n111e.il  might do but  piovcndet would be bettei. A good  ration would be Inilfyconinieiil a'nd  half good wheat bian, and tow.uds  the finish add a small <iu,inlitv of  cottonseed meal, according to the  age and condition of the cieatuio  feeding.  HoW Tliey Are liiti.t-il 'jiiriho,'illir >'ur����T-  ",;   .   , ieK of hiirttei-ii   Il���rtnMiltnrirt:��.  Here arc a few suggestions on the  raising of fruit tree seedlings, made  by Joseph Median to readers of The  Practical Fanner. lie snys:  "I  .will  cpnfine'. myself'chielly to  the   apple,  pear, cherry, pliim and peach,       as  these are the leading orchard fruits.  Thero'are many nurseries which make  a specialty     of fruit trees, confining  their work altogether'to the production     of   fruit trees, and tho  , plan  adopted    for tho raising of seedlings  by  these concerns is the one 1 propose to give. Starting with    apples,  the seeds iuo usually obtained    from  cider mills, where bushels on bushels  are     sold.   These seeds aro     ready  about November, mid hardly without  exception an: held'over till     spring.  .Some soak them, then'spread out on  trays anil keep thein in nn ice houso  nil ''winter.   Others mix tlieni   with  slightly (lamp earth anil place them  ';    ���   ��� ������     ������       Still'others'do not  nythitig,  but.    keep  thein in a cool,'damp cellar,    where  ..'the:'seeds' .will absorb inoisture" froni  tlio H,ir.    N'o ''mutter . in  w;lml .;, way  kept,\or.e, and atr.eii.deijv'br  to    get7  them  in  llie ground  tho  very.   : first  thing ;in spi-iiiy.   wlit-n. i fall  is right,  llie. sci'illiiiys  will ��� show  iii  11  " short,  time.     Willi pea r/ychorry'iind     pliini  tlie practice  :~is; much'the'SK'nio.',- as  witli' apple...���.Cherry- and pliiu*., ';;   Will  .stand'.iiiui'i! iniiisLiii'e,  and,' at; spring.  lipproarlics,   110   shell:; iiir't'iiV' cracking, ;':ii.n examination' idipiild; be made  'Ly';. cracking oi.en ii-lev.'.  If ..'kernels  aro,,sound     a ndpl 1:1111) a : iiLtlo; inoro  moisture should be :'''ri'Vii!ci.i..usythcKd  pits shonld'he  iTac'.k'iu'l'. open .  when  sound.y.SoiiicV, nurserymen; -prefer.'-,  10  lnix'thosi.'sttiile seeds..in a-hefl'p     ;of,  soil.oitliloors,  leaving them oat    all,  winteivaud'silting . 1 liens but-'.-., befor;  sowing them.;'They. ;ai'-V- more '.easily"  hiimilod     and   T iiispoiti'd when ?i!n<!<"'  cover.'':  xi-yy'x y ������.'���'������  BOVINE INDIVIDUALITY.  A Studr From Life  with  IU Indlcatloni  and Sugge&t long���Illustration!'of  Two >"otablo Kxamples  What  a farmer keeps dairy cows  tor is to make money ne wnIllb  to put in feed mid milk out piofit  The scientist can talk about gluten  and cottonseed, but if these do not  Hale milk thu fannei docs not want  thein, and if he can make milk on  mu thing Uieupu, Uke hav and coin  foddei, he is going to do it Mi.  W.illti A C'oimnl of the Ithode Island station has lately |)(.t.n pmsuing an unti liil Held 0f instigation  lieiiiing on tins pomt In a studv  "f ihe indiviiiiiality 01 dnnv cows  It lus set uud to liini that icitain  feiils and (citiiin anioiints of feed  lu\e made moie milk in ihe mso  "f some tons and less milk 111 the  case of others. ���  The 111.miks  in bulletin   .No   80 on  the pcci'liuiities of f inpei.inn nt and  v ROPINESS IN MILK.  It.'��. fumed by u liiiclilm ulilch Llrei Is  i.ti-r nml 'I'lli-iw��. iii llli-t.  Rishels weie counted per barrel  'in boxing white apples this shippei  J-ould use some bught coloi ed paper,  |s a red, blue or green   It may be well  Hi lipxing a rod apple to use a clear  rlilte or bright yenuw.    rMany   {luics   people   lii ing   in   the  jrowded city have not the room for a  yarrcl of apples, but tliey could put a  |>x in the coiner or some out of the  pay place, or If they could not affoid  1 buy a whole barrel they couk] Uuj; a  bs. nnd there nro many people thus  jttuated financially, enough of tliem to  pnsuuie ninny, hundreds of "barrels'.In a  Rason, and thus almost open up a new  ftarltet for us.   It is more jwork, be-  ausc they bavo to bo graded cnrefullly  order to pack nicely, but not as much  Jouble ns one would suppose.   After  ou get used to It it enn be done quite  .ipldly. Thc cost of 'the bos is about  lie same as a barrel.    .  piessijd. down kind Moie or less  piactlco will bo lpipured, of couise,  for a new hand to do extta woik,  but oiiougli >oi thin, coupled with  good judgment, is sure to bring  satisfy ing I'eimni  Jftirlfjlna "il" <>} I'm'ssuic  Aft<}r. aerated milk, sterilized milk,  peptonized milk, lactited milk,* and  inulvild milk theie is now to be add-  od it. new  kind of scientific   hygunc  .". Absorbents for.tlio'.stiiblo.:.  :     ..,'"-  ���Probably   "the: cheapest': "absorbent  forytlie liquids, in tliey stable, cbnsid-  ei'i life''first cost, 'isy^dry i'pad; dust oi' '���'-;,:.;.},;,'-,,   Tli,  a welly dried. muck from the. .swamp j y lt;-is somewhat "iliiliiai'lt to proporiy  that has been exposed to, the. wcath-, {*u,',"��i; quicklv cootdocvii wariu:' -''-trash.  or.,at-.least one year, s.ince-.it wasidjig- ;milk'wh(.|i set iii"tli6':liii-e cans, sl'vs  aiid -dried put .well,: says "The: Amori- a ^Michigan furintr in i-ioard's IViirv-  can;'Cultivator; yThis,, covered witli-.nian.: J.''or thio p'ur|iose tlie .narrow  hddding ;of. straw: or ,leaves,. will ab-,J.shotgun eai:w, .S-''bv%) iuc'lics','-  sorb. it.all.- But when ..piled in. the. fiu-. more ��� preferable ' ���- ~-y--:fJ'  cellar a:certain'fcrhiont'atibn . takes'' v. Tvpiiys to use- soine 'standarcl  Place by, which much of the nitrogen, vice7 for aeratiiig- - andvcooliiig  mayj-pass olf,ns:j: -ainnionia,.. while, if Ijmilk^drawii fresli froinyxlie. cows  cry  ���---^i^^-'^sF^  ru  'A Convenient Plow,Attachment.  I [The device figured Is a riding attach-  lent for a plow, which nn Iowa Hoine-  tcad correspondent says he deiised  hd patented n number of yenrs ago,  ut has concluded to grant the public  ie free use of.  Tig. 1 shows the attachment attach-  to n walking plow and shows how  ls attached.    Fig.' 2 shows ttfo at-  KIDINO. ATTACHMENT FOB,PLOWS,  Ilachment detached from the plow,  Ind If it is to/be used for a hanow or  ither implement where there Is no fur-  ;o\v n larger wheel Is substituted for  ���lie small-whcel.-whlcb would make it  run in a leaning position This wheel  Is attached b.v a sut screw and can be  removed easily, and tbe shaft* ls long  |:nougb so the Inrge wheel may be put  on the extreme end nud thus make it  tss liable to tip over.  'ihfs is compressed milk By a new  piocnsi. tl.e miciobcs that abound in  cows milk aie squeezed to death���at  least a part of tliem are, for there  are rihout 500,01)0 geims to every  touspoonful "of unboiled milk.  To iniestigate the effect of pressure  on bacteria an apparatus has been  devised, which is remarkable for having produced what is piobably the  gieatcst hydiostatic pressuie o\er  reached���o\ er 400,000 pounds per  ���quiuc inch.  13'lie particular object of those experiments was tor determine whether  the bacteria in niilk might not be  killfil by hydiostatic piessurc, so  that it would keep a longer time  without going sour.  "Modeinto pressures weie first tried,  but appeared to have no effect. The  p.-os,sures weie then inci eased, and  notable results weie obtained.  Milk subjected to prossiues of 70  to 100 tons kept fiom 24 to 60  hours longer without going sour than  milk vthich had not been subjected to  eornprcssion  Tho degrees to which the keeping  ipialities of milk were impro\ed appeared to depend as much on ' the  time for which the piessuro was  maintained as upon the actual pics-  suic 1 cached '  Pleasure of DO tons per square inch  maintained for an hour pi evented  milk from going sour for from four  to six dajs  Complete sterilization of the milk,  however, was in no case eflccted,  even at the highest 1 ressurcs, and  the milk in many cases acquit ed peculiar tastes and odois on keeping,  Indicating that oeitnin species of  bacteua were killed, whilo others  Wero not���London Express  : SntoO'iom the Vurm Journal.  Tho beginning of good farming is  the good'fanner. 1  Lifting at ,thp wheel is all     right  provided    you "aie lifting the     way  things naturally ought to go  _'Uie time lo look out is when     eveiything  Way  portiin t when; several : cow's - are milk-  exposed in the ymd it has much of llcultion of va-m i-Hk is \  the solubjs matter washed out To '  prevent the loss in tliis way means  to have a cellar or a loof o\ct tho  manuic heap or to take the mnmue  to tho field befoie it has time to fei-  ment. To hold and fix the ammonia'  many uso gypsum or land plaster  with or without the muck 01 caith  lately scientific faimois are .ich ceiling the uso of acid phosphate as being equally well adapted to absoi b  the ammonia and change it to a nitrate, in which form it is most available to the plants, and ns being itself a valuable fertilizer, adding to  the phosphoric acid in tho m.iniue.  It costs a little more than tlio plaster, but we think, it is worth more  and advise the use of a regular quantity eveiy day, with the muck and  bedding inj abundance.  ".tier"  "tho  Tlio  iin-'  A\ Champion Shorthorn.  The Shorthorn bull Duke of Coin-  wall was fust and champion at the  Royal   Coi mv all  show,   1901.       Ho  DtJKE OK COUNWALL '  was bred by W. J. Hosken, Log-  gan's Mill, Iloylc, Cornwall, and is  the property of Hacienda El Parial,  Chile.  Improvement of Soil*.  Any scheme, of rotation, should have,  the growing of tit, least one leguminous  crop-lii'Its plan. By this means laige  |nlns of nlttogen may be mnde fiom  he nlr.; Potash and phosphoric ncid,  ilcss already ln thc soil, must be Hit])  Billed by commercial fortlllzots. In the  saseof very poor soil it Is not advisable to remove tbe crops unless the manure Is returned until a fair state of  fertility has been reached. Stock /nils-  Bng, dairying nnd poultry raising nro  |)rolltable lines of agriculture to carry  Iq a scheme, for improving the fertility of poor Bolls. ,    -       '        >  DlNtnnoe;Between- Apple' Trees.  I would like to say a woid about the  Instance between apple trees, - Prac-  icnlly wherever the limbs, touch we  'nil to get aiiy fruit; therefore ft Is a  Natural con'clusion thnt tliey ought to  ie' far enough.apart so that they will  grow together. The elder apple  vill keep at arespcctable distance, but  aUethe Baldwin or White Pippin,and  r feet ls too close for them to be  bian ted.���I. J. Blackwell. New Jersey.  scorns to be coming     our  No tide but lias its ebb.    Big  j crops and full bains this jear do not  wan ant extravagance.  Don't put off laying in the s'tock  of ice too long If it is six or oight  inches.thick and the weather is falling, stait tho saws and teams. Bettor that thickness than none at nil  It is one thing to know that things  aro going wrdng, rjuite another to  s-et matters moving in the right direction Most nnyono can tell when  his pocket-book is getting empty.  Wheie tho \ini comes in is m filling  Iho void  No inn tier how carefully tho lumber wagon may bo housed, in the  com so of n few years \tho paint will  be wom off It will not cost much  lo get 11 small pnil'of paint, and if  you are handy with the brush you  can put it 011 .vouiself.  Miictoria in tin*' I)tilr>  Onlv a few yeats ngo if any on*  had talked to n dairyman',of ,,bic-,  twin he would have been laughed at'  as a senii-luniitic. Now eveiy competent (lniiyman makes a special  atudy of these minute oiganisms and  cultivates' somo nnd kills others.  Soine families of''bacteria are ' ,'ho-  ccssaty, sonic unnccessaiv and others pernicious To distinguish these  and utilize a knrtvvledge of their habits 'and properties is. a part of the  daily woik of tho modem dauyman,  whcthci his pioduct be milk, butter  01  cheese.  Bow to Kxterniinatit Aula.  Ants    are vory     troublesome      ln  greenhouses   and    othei glass structures,  and they so quickly   .become  laige     colonies    that they are     frequently worse than a nuisance.    We  have scon many icmedies tried,    but  therp    is     nothing that so     quickly  drives them off as a. littlo petroleum  poured     about    their runs and into  yj-heir nests.     Wc lecently saw them  thus cleared    from an'otnngc    tree  which was growing in a house. Sufficient petroleum was put.   into _a  saucer to~"jus~t~~covei the bottom, and  111 this 'the orange tfot was    placed, I  with tho result that 111 a short lime '  not an aht.vvus to be seen  An   economical and convenient way, in some  cases, is to attach a spongo saturated vvith oil to  a sharpened     stick.  This can bo stuck in the ground   or  laid i down, and can be removed from  one place to another. Absorbent lags  will do if a spongo is not available.  ���Agricultural Epitomist.  'Hi'������/:. ysiMPI.K MH.K AKnATOK^:  ':'���"  ed. For a ; sriin.ll.;. qnanti ty ofX.y milk'  i'inshotgun-xansyii lionieiniido -device  can lie,-, utilized.' -'i'licv, accompanying  (���iit^illiistratcsyits'icoiistruction,,. ami  .use.: ' '"iyiJ '���'"'';'��� -iy'i "l'.fix7-'i-ij.A''iii  y Procure agobd- iiarid bellows .and  have iU;linsniitby'solder on-,;a ysiiiiilL  Min-tiibe, vvitli;; ii; '-���i'(ise'':'.itttachineii't  ,at7"i.l:eylbottoiii, soiiiew'liat;like;7';that:  slioirii-Jitt; A iii 'tlie'-cut. [' B:'������; ;repre-.  'mn',1 s ay brace .soldered on to' . make  t.ie'���itttncliiiseiit. inoroi^'.igid.'i'-A'-.clanip":  can' he-attaclied.atyjC.yto: fasten':; j ltd;  llie,.edge.';of the ("an,ythough the -bellowscan- he 'easily operated 'without;''  It iius.vi bo- necessary, to extend -tlie;  "t.ubb -'of--tlie.' licllnvvsVtb :DX .ii---; -  'ihis. arriiiigenieiit .will' vvyork. satis-.  ractonlyy iii; qiiickly aei'iitinga ciiii ,ol  vvarin .milky; niid caii bo (lone.- .whilo  the i:an;,i.s -'.setting, in7\vater."to" cool  clow'ii,;,-Have"; the,cans in. pure, ;:air.  w;hcn-p'uhipiiig;air-to the-;bott6iu of  the'Cutis:'":-'j1".;-';.;-':     ���" '���''. '.-:���.-'X, ���iyi-y. "���'  -.--.,���:���..-���.'-"  .  :   i;t;f;i!.i;TiA7.-;:V:;!,!  J-.ly  habits   : of  a 'dozen-:cows; s'epa'ratciy  recorded aiid  with 'exet'lK'nt" illuslrii-  .tions'01" (���iiclu-nnimal-;;;-iiiiye:-'i>.." lively  i.iiivrest" u'nil 'are. likolv; to  sot    Hny ,  farmer.to  trying7 101'iietter     results1  iii;   ids bvyti- 'ypracytice..." rTwc of .the]  .cows''.aro, here pictured;;:-���--'     -;-     .-;. |  .-".'.-Liicretia is describi cl as a 1 ������gis'er-  ccl Guernsey cow, drc-ppccl... Jun. 19,  lS02;:yyHieretia..siibWs iai'gey77 intei-:  ligence even for. u'���''tlio'rouglibiytL-l.i.u-  cretia's disposition-dt. pri'Siiit; is all  that, could  be, desired in: regard .".to  iniini';-.:';Agaiii, :  she  is neiitraiyjii the  matter 6'f;.affection'aiid  inyregai'd to"  brushing and petting,,though' iv.ti'ille.  sensitive;to cardiiig.',^Sh'o.'-vvlll (iiiiet-  ly, domineer ...6 ver, ..any' smaller,:;;, cow,',,  'seemingly.';taking' pleasure in'., keep-'  ing her. ��� from getting : aiiy vvitter i to:  (irink;'-Shq isaslow. clriiikcr,. - ybut,  drinks ;'���'.' cold;; vynter.... She ��� pVefers; to  lap. her vvacer;unless very,';;';thirsty^  .Sfib?.fhreiy''cats!'fino.'saIt;'v,nbr;"- do.es:  she-lick: rock':-salt, freely.; ;yLiicretiii  is'7 so. sensitive as , toy shrink: in. milk,  if nny'-bney talks .ytb.Uib many vvho is,  milking;: lier,;.: Liicretia^ is 'a ready;.  cater''.of;hay; and .takes.'..7t'o. corn, fod-.  der, i: [ though.-,hot; sho wing eagerness  for either, .The "effort to keep   ; Lu-'  .C'retrayfi'oIn:s.fattening,.w'as.; ay failure.. I  ���:;Kbtha:"yis;av;  registered'':''Gnernsey;!-.  cow;_ dropped March; 21, 1894.;   Ho"'-'  tha'':;y shows ;the'dairy, temperament,; I  -Though;"extremelyyyiier.voiis,,!she. ;::.i3 j  not-: rendered -so,,by., external V circum^ ,  stances,' for,,they'da 'no t.y.seem .*ytb  .trouble:: her.' ::" She is. not ;aITec'tio'n-;  ate with'.inair and ;3oes;hot;.care: to,  bo; petted7 or; brushed, and . is yq'uite  'sensitive'when carded, y She is'aykeoii  trickster;,.;Siib: lies in;'wniti?.liiiycon-  ;junction-. with  Lcici-etia,; in ;the yard  aboiityythe watering tub 'to.' punch  they.'.weaker.. cows.'.ySlie'.is: morej ugly7  vvith,7y the otherycows ;tlian Liicretid-  and- -more',:, tricky", with'-; mini, > {thought)  ..slie.is.notyiritrnctable;.;,nnd.,;.; never  ytovvdrd-irinnyd ;:kicker 'or, hooker. She  eats but^littid'salt.;;: She is a good  deep.y-and";ready: drinkoi',::not; stopping to  lap "or. minding, the- tempcrd-  ture of'they .water.. V She;; takes,,  to  hoy,and corn fodder,well.;;:���:iy:iXy.[.y  ;;;.:Where,:it:is.practicable Mr, CCoriant  recoihmends; as  economical .':feeding,:,  J he .slimy, vlsnd condition of milk  hns been a. soaice of peiplexity und  abhoiunce to all dairymen ni.d milk  dcaleis ut one time 01 unothu. It  is quite conimoiiiy supposed to be  uhwns due to a. dis.ascd state of  tho udder, known as.. "gurgut;" but  we nie told in the last f.umei's,' bulletin fioin t||C Cornell cvpei iinent  station tli.it tins is .1 ��� mistaken belief " 'Ihue is a ' lopy milk" that  is (Pie to gullet and mm alwuvs bo  known by its j milling 011 standing a  visuil,oi even blnodv siduuiiu. But  what tlm milkinnn knows as " lopy  milk" is not Hint This bulletin  lel.s us that tins kind of iopv milk  iniilnlMs liiKteiiTT Known to sclenco  as biKilliis lactis viscosus. They  live natniallv m ivntu, and pi even-  live meiisiiiis ui�������� most nupoi tunc  Some mo thoc Wash and scald  the milk utensils attci  use.  Jlcielv niising then, ���,n ���ot do.  Bui tci 1,1 mnv I," intioduccd bv that  veiy act Kiep the tows' udders  clenn 'Jlie  iioois  of all      looms  wheio iopv nnlk is kept should ho  disunited with a inixtiiio af  live pints of undo siilphuuu ncid  lo 9j p.uts of wntei < All itullc  utensils should he scalded most  thoioiighlv   diil\ No^ei    let cold  uatei come 111 iciitnct with utensils  unless thev aie scalded befoio using  for milk again Exeicisc thegteut- '  est caie to Pieicnt even a diop of  wutpi fiom the moling tank getting  into the milk 11i.it ociuiionco 13  piob.t'K ihe most common cause of  tiouble'froin iopv milk. If w'atcr  must be spatleicd about, tbo cans  standing m no w.itei should be cov-  eied Utensils, aflc washing nnd  scalding, should stand upside down  to Pi event the accumulation of dust  on the inside  ,  A Good, lyp,. oiy>liii)kr*iiiui*i'.  Tliero are smokehouses, of : several.  types, for curing meats',; .but nono so  safe; and satisfactory, according, to,  Tho Farm "'Journal, as the yoiie in  which 110 fire; is ever piit. It lias7 ,n.  six-inch' tiloy-runniiig from . afire pit;  PLAN OF SJIOKEHCHTSE.  111 the caith tlnee to eight feet from  the house and a tufle lov\er Tho  smoko comes 111 at or neai the bottom of the house and 1caches tho  hams and bacon peifectlv cool An-  othoi advantage, the meat may b��  smoked without unlocking the binoko--  house.  except;.:;;: on yfnrms ;whei"eygrii;ny]  grown; in: large .c'luarititiips';:' .and.;.  Convdiilflbt: Crates.  A bushel contains 2,548 cubic  inches and ,cnn*bolnado by constructing a box or crate whoso inside dimensions, aro 14 by '14 by 13 Inches.  Such crates contain a bushel ; when  level full. For the end pieces select  ono inch plno bonrdB thirteen inches  wide and saw '��� tliem into fourteen  inch lengths Cut hand holes parallel with the grain of the wood near  ono edge,-This may be dono with an  auger, tho roughness being ,cut down  with nchisel. Next, saw good strong  four foot laths into sixteen inch  lengths Nail six of these to the  end pieces to foim the bottom nnd  fivo to form each of the sides These  crates aro inexpensive, duiable and  easily mado  In'1 lie Sheep'*'Favor.  It is In favor of tho sheep that  thoy will yield a profit under conditions so unfavorable that^other farm  animals, under the samo conditions,  will be unprofitable.  KlKTiil  limpid don  U Need (1.  The inspection of expoit dairy  piocincc is not, it seems, under a very  iigid or compichensivc law in tho  I n��� I< ct States Thc man that wonts  to export his dauy pioducc without  inspection can do so The man thut  w nits to have his buttei or cheese  inspected nnd stamped will have to  make application for the same to  the Secietaiy of Agiicultuie Butter  und cheese so ''marked should sell in  the English market at a good advance over pioducts coming %from  this country with no mark on them.  Wc hope-that-thc-timo-is not���far  distant.when the law will provide for  tho. inspection of all dairy products  whether the said inspection is asked  for or hot'.���-Farmers'- Hevievv.  Model Dairy. Kntiiblt��liinenti.  1 he dairymen who supply tho largo  cities with milk must lmve.'. the best  nulkeis This has forced many of  them to become breeders. Tho ap-  paient chango-of leccnt yenis in tho  stylo of running .milk farms is not  only tending to mipiovo the dairy  stock of the country but it is convincing, the fnrnier that greater pro-  Ills can bovobtnined from their busi-  'noss by running good farms in'con-  neetion. ifrodcl daily establishments  now havo farms connected with  them, that aro In a high state of fertility, where neatlv 01 quite nil tho  feed rociuircd for the cow is raised.  cheap, to give hay and foddei first,  watei piomptly and fully'and aftei-  waids feed the aniount of giain  (concentiates nth in piotein) tint  expei lence with emh individual tow  piovcs will make the laigost  yield     of     nnlk Ihe   gt.iin can  bo varied   until 'the exact-     aniount  CIlrHtllllt i uituro .Wcft-mrsi  Coleman K. Sober, of Union County,  Pa ,   owns   the  laigost       chestnut grove in the United St.ates,says  The   Philadelphia   Pi ess.      lt   com-"  puses 205 ticies, with over 100,000  tiecs      :\rr.    Sobei      is a    wealthy  lumbetman of Lewisbuig,  whoso object is to  lendei   piofitable the millions of acres of wild mountain land  in the commonwealth      When a  boy  of 12 he asked lus father,        wlulo  grafting fnnts,   to graft some youne  chestnut tiees,  hut was only laughed at    Five veins ago  ho      coined  out his bovisli idea, on land       too  lough  even  foi   sheep  pastme, .tho  waste of liiinbenng opei.ttions,      on  ! the sides of lush valley, eight miles  ��� fiom    Shamokin.       Pine and    oak  I weie     cut down a goneiation   ago,  t leaving chestnut standing      Cutting  these down, young shoots sprung up  I which vveie giaftcd with scions      of  Pai agon,  a crisp,  sweet  nut,       five  times  as  largo as  the 11111110  chestnut    Last fall Mr.  Sober  harvested  hir first crop, 30 bushels, woith S7  a bushol, and  in a few veais       his  returns will be by thc thousands   In  fact, the estimate for ne\t vear    is  about  3,000 bushels,   w-hich,   at  S6,  would be S18.000, fiom land        not  worth 53 an ncio for fanning    purposes    Mr. Sobei  did the first giait-  ing himself, with a littlq   assistance.  The     last two seasons he employed  eight gi aftei s foi   fivo weeks,      each  man  aveiaging 300  tiees  a       day.  Ninetv per cent   of theiginfts  wero  successful���The gi ovcs'ai e_pi otected   ontvvoisidos by'Tire roads," and all  brush is  carefi llv  binned Game  chickens arc kept to piey on the��  chestnut vvcevel, hnd sheep to keep,  the grass down Jfi Sober favors,  tiansplnnling seedlings rather than,  planting niits  A.CIionp Mihioilrr..  A friend who had for���'. some years  cultivated a field with a stiff gum  subsoil, always plowing the field  about four inches deep, had by the  action of the' plow, packed and  smoothed down this subsoil so Unit  and kind are found that will make ] the plow could not be made to pcao-  cucli cow give the most milk        llv jt rate    ciust  which  had  foi mod  up  value or Itcxiilur !'>eillni>.  Tho regularity of feeding has a  great dc.il to do in obtaining ' tho  best lesults The cow that is fed regularly will always give tlio best  satisfaction in the milk p.ul If you  aro not regular in feeding your''cows,  they will not bo legulai in giving  nnlk A cow legul.ul.v" ted does not  vv01 iy over her feeding, as --lie expects her feed at a n 11.1111 lime,  while the other cow gets her food  sometimes at one tunc and sometimes at another, consequently she  will not lest easy and does not give  good lesults from hei  feed  feeding hny and foddei, flist and tak  ing pains to see that each cow is  fed all xthat she will cat clean the  necessary amounts of digestible div  matter, carbohydrates and fats are  supplied from material' raised ,011  the -farm nnd the cow gets the full  benefit of.tlio digestible protein in tho  ginin that,has'to be bought and  paid  for with'; ready  nmncy: The  feed of each of the twelve cows and  its icsult upon tho nnlk aio noted  in tlie bulletin  men unless he set his plow to go much  deeper than lie inred to plow. Ho  finally seeded the field down to clover, and ,when ho turned the clover  sod over two.yoars later for acorn1  ciop the ciust was all gone and tho  hnrdpati air nicely mellowed up by  the action of. Uie clover roots. Clover is the poor man's subsoilcr and  worth all",it,costs to grow on any  fainTfor this pm pose alone.  riant Ti'i'i'R liy the Iltuiil.slde  How much and at what little cost  could the loaclways of the countiy  leading to the laige cities be beautified if each fanner should give  a little tunc to the planting of tiees  Treatment fur Cru<ik*.<l HoHm.  Do;not wash the horse's feet in  water or let tlieni gel wet of toner  than can bo avoided while under  treatment and use the following- One  ounco of chloiidc of /111c and ono  ounce of tannic and nnd one aunrt  of water. Shako well nnd"   moisten  11  m  and shrubbeiy along the way' Plan I tho parts twice a day an<i cover  now for a day or two's planting in ovor with soft woollen bandages an-  tho spring. I B,led Ioose]y.  i\  ^flvifeaiSsSSttSss  miM  ^:i?^?"i?^^^: ^^S.-^^^tfy; "T^^ "^ j^^C^7^ ? rt>i^j^V^^T::tf iiSfe: ^  y*7;r:'?ffi  9  Mi T{JE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY JULY 26, MM  I7 -  I' V  \A  I  ki  RI  i  11  ���I ���  ii i-  nt  THE INDEPENDENT.  published   weekly in the in-  Tli'tESTS OF THE 1UVSSBS  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COM  l'ANY.  8ASEM l'".\T     OF      l.'LAOK      HLOCK,  HASTINGS STUEET,   VAN-  CO UV EH, Ii. U.  SUI'SCitll'TIONs  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, :, rents; month. IS ce-iits; three  month*. 33 (I'licsi, .six monilis, CJ ceiim:  one } cm i. $1 w.  SNDOKSHD ��V- TIIK TRADES AND  LAKOlt CUl'N'CIt,. THE VANCOU-  Vi;l' UVU'll! PARTY AM' TllK  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be had  at Galloway's' book store, arcade.  SATURDAY JULY 26,   1902  entirely for support upon the classes in  whose Intelests this journal Is written  ami published." Ilariy Buckle, himself  nn old-time unionist, Is manager, and  .1. lCilwiuil Xorcioi-s editor. The nevv  venture starts out under very favorable  iiicum.stiinces.     W  (OhS.  wish it overy suc-  Is it n cineli i'" Hie banks? There  :*��� no jxist ollhc i-.ivlngs bank at Dawson.  TRADES AM LABOR IM-  mm OF CANADA.  , In Ireland Die <iimlliliiill<in for a sure  'lection of a nn'inbcr to piullamenl Is  that he must have .mmvciI a term In  jail. Uf then hicumes a patriot.  ' i'.lll>" MacAd.iin t-haulil be dead in It.  TILE M'.VDAMS CASK.  "The Ki'O.ilf-l indignation i.s exniess-  ed at S.lvei ton at  the severity   of the  sentence- p.i^c-cl on 'W illiam MacAdams  by the Suiieino cjouil," writes a t.0r-  , respondent.     "Wu me Inking stoi s to  present a petition to  the- minister ol  justice at Octiwa. und also to raise the  necessaiy bonds for hi!5 future good be-  haivior."     Tnt Independent, seeing that  Urer.    MacAdams    acknowledged    his  mistake m his chaige or conuption be-  loie- the bench,    i.s -.ailsfled    with the  been plentj enou;;n in ins cape had the  opinion that the sentence  would have  court iseiiieiKed 'him lo ''oui ,i few day.-*'  imprisonment.      Mr. MmAtlnnw     was  '   Within his juivikge ol right in criticising the .Lilininlstrutlon ot  justice,  but  Unfortunately   for   -Billy,"   he   lacked  prudence in Ins most zealous attacks,  and  went  slightly   beyond   legitimate  criticism.      We   do   not   know   where  newspaper editors have be-en sentenced  in the pat-t :.0 yens to nine months or  21 months for tneli ciincisms, but there  are piecedents for a montn's incur<er-  ation.     \\"p lel'er io Senator E.lis. of St.  John,   N.   B���   and   u   Mi.   Hawks,   ot  Moncton, M. B.     "We hope the minister  of justice vvill 'go into thu matter and  leverse the court's decision.    To err is  human, and the individuals who compose the supreme  court  arc  not any  more moral, v irtuous or honorable than  the, average, oiti'/tn.   Nobody will deny  lhat in the court? a, poor peif-on is at  a big disadvantage- to the rich man, in-  , -much as the Utter can employ the  .. -t   legal   talenl,   who    can    hu.rro.ss  art   piucetdinss    with technicalities  .   d precedents io buch an extent that  ���   j without sutlieiejit means must accept the inevitable.   If editors of papers  were to rush to the courts for satisfaction every  time they  were libelled in  the eye or  the   law,  they would have  little else to do.    "Were th��re ever any  more opportunities in this piovlnce for  contempt of    couit    proceedings than  were afforded by the comments of leading British Columbia -journals on the  conduct of the famous Curtis commission, yet not a single editor "turned a  "iair" thereby.     Efforts should be put  forth at once to try and have Mr. Mac-  Adam released.   \  A true friend of the wage-earning  classes does not write articles in the  interests of the movement for personal  notoriety���far from it. "Junius" was  never'known, but his writings will ever  live.  The Ladyismith Leader (holds Cast to  the deluded fanaticism" that "Jimmy"  Dunsmuir ishouW receive from the Kin?  at the very least a Knigihthood. He'd  make a good lord or any old thins;.  i-Let'-S-nrcike-hlm  Japanese colony far, far away  The ('oloiilst editor has kindly "got  at" two winds that might be added to  the ."ociallst vocabalai-y of bet phrases  and k-ivc the worn 'Muss conscious"  a bit of,a. rest. The woids are "anabolic" and "catabolie," and tlTe-io is, at  any l.ite, a cood deal of the "catabolie"  altoiii socialism. Its ' anabolic" tendencies mo rather u failure', viewed  i'lMctically.  "Win. MaeAilain, editor of the Sandon  P.iystioak. has made a mlstnGte.' He  has .been thinking out load, and as a  consequence will seive nine niontlis 'n  penal servitude. * * * * Mr. Mac-  Adam vvill now liave time to reflect,  and like eveiy other Canadian citizen  who would like lo see much-needed  things wrought, he must I.'aru to realize that vve are the ei cat ms of the evil  system under which we dwell. If wo  ilon't like it we can change it���by united) an intelligent uie of the ballot-  box. Vote for socialism. It will .fill the  bill." so says the Canadian Socialist.  This should be consoling lo "Billy"���  we don't think 'Meanwhile, till el?c-  tion day. aie we to allow him to re-  mam in jail?  _mlkado_in_some n<y>:  "Tl   ~  Volume 1, number 1. of the Nanaimo  dlarlon, a six-column, four-page weekly journal, devoted to the interests of  the wago-earnerx 0f Vancouver Island,  appeared inst Suurdny. In .its Salutatory, it says: "The Clarion**.s an independent pa.iier.' There are no strings  on it whatever.    Its conductors depend  The unveiling of tlie statue of Boiidi-  eea on Westminster Bridge, adds another to our already too numerous memorials ot" vari-iois, says a London contemporary. Eighty per cent, of the  public statues of the United Kingdom  are memorials of fijihtrng men, while  some of om- greatest poets, painters,  philosophers and philanthropists, and  men of science have never 'been commemorated at all. "What greater proof  can we 'have of the indifference of t'he  British public to men of llcht and  leading and their admlialion for pro-  fcs-ionnl xlausrhtereis The fact ls  that the instincts of the majority of our  people are brutal. They rove! in stories  or deeds of blood and thev care little  of nothing for the recoids of the lives  of nien and women who have devoted  their genius to unravelling the mysteries of tlie universe, to solving the problems of life and mind, or to relieving  the sufferings of humanity.  MARX AND FOURIER.  XVe so#iewhat regret the hatolt which  ���socialists have got into ot writing and  talking as if Marx had no predecessors.  This is a mistake wlnioli/he himself  took good care never to make. True,  ho knew tliat he had made discoveries,  and that coming at tlio period he did  ho had 'been able to do really original  work. But that did not lessen Ills admiration and appreciation of St. Simon,  Robert Owen and Fourier, as well as  others. Now, it so happens that the  first clear prognostication of the inevitable development of competitive capitalism into monopoly as an economic  and social law was first made by  Fourier, when Maris was six. years old.  He expressed himself quite unmistakably on this head, and his forecast,  legard'being had' to t'he comparatively  small development of capitalist industrialism in 1824, is almost worthy to be  put side by side wltn Aristotle's famous dictum: "Slavery can never be  aliollshed; except, 'perhaps, by the belp  of machines." The failure of Fourier's phalanstery projects and the mis-  caj-rlageof-his disolplej-VIctor-ConsId-  eTant's, experiments in America, 'have  blinded niii'ny men to his Kenlus. But  this ifo:coast "���' ''is ihas 'been referred  to before scveial times In the S. D. F.  ���London Justice.  , Have you tried Empire Tea or Kmpire  coffee? If not, why not? Your neiglil  bor )iu-s\ and vvas delighted; give them  a trial. Sold only by The City Grocery  Company.  t  t  0  ���i>  ���>  ��)  V  A  0  t  '9  9  9  i  You Always Expect $  ���to find thing-i just a little  butler at    Trorey's   than    most   ���  Places.    If you come here expecting to find something ln X  <ftUN METAL GOODS J  nvvpy above the average you vvill not be disappointed. ~  Such Is "Troiey's."  The fair prices^yoii only have to pay here makes shopping n  distinct pleasure, considerlngalso the good quality of the goods vve  .sell you.  WATCHES, LADIES' LORGNETTE CHAINS. GKNTLKMiEN'S  WATCH And key chains, pencil and pen holders, CIGAR A^D CIGARETTE HOLDERS, JLTTClI BOXES, CARD  CASES ���   (   "*     '  OrO. t. TJ80REY,  The Jeweler and  Diamond  Merchant  COB. GBANVIUE AND HASTINGS. STKEET*.  Olllce of tin* SecH'tary-Treasurer.  1��. O. Dinner, 1017,  OTTAWA, Out., July lfilh. ID*!.  To OIlhTis niid MonVbeis of Trade  Unions, Central I.nbiir Unions, Federal  Libor Dnlons, Dlstiict and Local Assemblies ot tlie Knights of Labor in  ihe Dominion ��f Canada���Greeting:���  Follow- Labor Unionists und Brothers  ���The Eighteenth Annual Session ofthe  Trades and Labor Congiess ot Canada  will convene in C. O. F. Ilall, King  Stieet, City of Herlln. 'Piovinee of On-  tailo, on .Monday, Septemiber l~lh, at  10 o'clock, a.m., and nil labor organisations In the Dominion of Canada are  invited to send representatives,  ltcprescntntion, ���Revenue,    Election   J"  Delegates and Railway Certificates.  The basis or leprescntntloii shall if  as- follows: Tiade Unions, Local Assemblies of the Knights of Labor and  semblles of the Knights of Labor and  Fcdeinl unions shall 'be allowed one  delegate for.each one hundred members  or under, and one for each additional  ono hundred or fraction thereof: Trade  Councils, Central Labor Unions, National Trade unions and District Assemblies of the Knights ot Labor, three  delegates each. Two or more trade  unions or local assemblies of the  Knights of Labor, whose aggregate  membership does not exceed 130, may  unite to send one delegate. No proxy  representatives will ibe allowed, and all  delegates must be members of the bodies they reprsent (except ln the case ot  bodies composed of delegates 'from local  organisations), at least six monthsgirlor  to and at the time of election, "but nothing in this clause shall "be construed  to pi event unions or assemblies from  combining to send one representative,  who is a member of such unions or assemblies; also provided that nothing In  this clause shall prevent organisations  being represented not "six months organised.  All delegates will be required to produce certificates of election (blank  forms of which are herewith forwarded), signed by the presiding ofilcer and  secretary of the organisation they represent, and bearing the seal of the  same, where such exists. Where tWD  or more organisations have united to  send'a delegate, the credentials must  bear the signatures of the presiding  ofilcer and secretary of such organis.i  ��� ions, and seals of the same, wheie suoh  exist.  Notice of election of delegates,' together with their names and addresses  and the number of members in the  oiganisation they represent, must ba  forwarded to the secretary of the congress on or before Monday, September  1st, 1902. ^  The expenses of the Congress shall be  met by a per capita tax assessment an  the membership of thc organisations represented at its sessions, and such other  organisations as may signify their willingness to contribute to its funds.  All organisations which have not contributed to the income of the Congress  during the past year, and wishing to  be represented iby delegates at any annual session, will be required to pay io  the secretary-treasurer the amount of  one-half year's per capita In advance.  That the wisdom of bodies which,  through any cause, may be unrepresented by delegates, may not 'be lost to the  Congress, it is requested that such bodies forward, by resolution, such views  as they entertain on any .particular  phase of labor, or the tenor of any  question which In their judgment mav  be worthy of discussion or action of the  Congress.  Railway certificates   are   proeuiable  t Mid-Scimmer     !  | deduction Me ;  l      Shirtwaists $ 1.25 now "5c.  !3 dozen Fancy   Colored   Shirt  Waists, nil sizes:    regular price  St.2"; Sale Price, 7.">e.  m      Shirtwaists $2, now $1.35.  1       Four     (Uzeii     plain     Colored  I   Chiirnbiay   Shirtwaists.    In pale  ��� blue and tivblood: logular price  9  fi; Hale Price $1.23.  I RIBBONS.  ��� TWO    MILES    OF    UNDER- .  9 pul CUP RIBBONS.  ��� We oiler no less than :i,!>00 yds  T oi the season's prettiest ilbbons  9 at ilcailng prices.   This Is one of ]  ��� the biggest events In ribbons you  *,   have heard of for a long .time.  ��� Hats IOc.  T Twelve dozen Sailors und Un-  | Irhiurcd Straw Hats,    worth In  4) the n gular way from '23c to $2;  ��� Sale Pi ice IOc.  I Muslin Heodwcar 25c.  4)     Ton dozen ot Children's Muslin  I lead wear.    These    goods  sold at $1 and $1.30; come earl  and tsikc your choice at 2oc.  Wade'& Botcher  ��@��  ����@  i  i  t  ?  lusltn 4  were i  early 9  170    Cordova     St.,    Vancouver.  We reach wherever the mails  reach.  +��������$$.��� ������^^^..���.^������" �����������  Jf you want -i realty good article try one of this  celebrated make*  CHAS. L TISDALL, 527 Hastings St  ���  ABSOLUTE ���  COMPKEUBiNSIVE    "  .FAITHFUL ')  GENUINE      ��  INEXPENSIVE  PROFITABLE  '  RELIABLE  SAFE  SURE  TRUSTWORTHY  ye>t held, and at which some of the most  biilliant men in the Canadian labor  movement will assemble, and we hope  'that Divine Providence will give tlieni  light to wisely study the history of  our movement and benefit by its examples, in taking Into account the present  necessities of our toilers and in devising means for their advancement, to  promote the study of existing labor  laws, to encourage the introduction of  new- legislation for the betterment of  the conditions of the wage-earners of  Canada,'and, above all, to foster and  extend the .basis principles of our movement���education, organisation, legislation, conciliation and arbitration.  . Awaiting the pleasure the opportunity  of greeting1 the representatives of organised labor, and confidently expecting that the Berlin meeting will 'be a  notable assemblage, productive of thc  utmost good for the wajje-earners rt  our Dominion, and that when it adjourns it will leave a shining mank on  the pages or Canadian labor history  that will at once prove a blessing to  the present and an inspiration and a  hope to the future membership of the  Trades1 and Labor Congress of Canada,  We are, yours fraternally,  ItAiLPH SMITH,  M.P.,  " President, Nanaimo, B.C.,  JOHN A. FJjETT,  Vice-president, Hamilton, Ont.,  P. M. DRAPER,  Secretary-treasurer, Ottawa, Ont.  Easily...  lengthened  <>  41  i Of what other Investment than Life Insurance .can all these ad-  i Jectlves be as trufihtfullly descriptive!   Any one or two place a. se-  , curlty In a high class; all combined ma!ke   lt   noteworthy.   Many  , more mlg'ht justly 'be applied to Life Insurance���THB Investment of  , the age.  UNION MUTUAL POLICIES are every whit In line in progres-  slveness.    values   andi   privileges���contracts that not omly aim to  ' protect Ibut really do in the minutest particulars.   All facts cheer  fully furnished tree. ,  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. . ���   *  "   Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  ������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������������������  9  o  <��  i<  it  it  i>  i>  o  it  i>  o  <���  !.'.  Camfortable Clothing  When you decide to so camping, you will have to replenish your wardrobe  with light, cool, comfortable clothing. You will feel much better after examining our stcc-k, especially If you purchase one of our light English Flannel  Suits. " ' , '  FLANNEL SUITS���They range in price from $7.50 to $13.00. You can have  them single or double breasted, with or without vests; nlso White Duck and  Striped Flannel Trousers, Light Vests, Outing Shirts, Balbnggan Underwear,  Straw Hals, etc, in great abundance.  BOYS' LIGHT UNDERWEAR���Blouses,-Oalatea Suits, Outing Shirts,  Belts, Bathing Suits; in fact everything that goes toViafce up a boy'b outfit  can be procured of us.   Satisfaction guaranteed or .money refunded.  CLUBB   & STEWART,  Telephone 702. K0 Cordova' Street:  ��� HIII1  STAY AWAY: lyROM LOS  ANGELES.:  <*�������������������������<��������<�������� ������������<��0���������������� |  from any railway tloket agent, and will  entitle the holder to a return fare of  one-third thc regular rate, provided CO  delegates hold certificates, or fare and  two-thirds If under 50. Certificates  must be signed by ithe Secretary or tho  iCongress at Berlin, Ont.  Lubor  Legislation Mom the  Dominion  Parliament.  Owing to the introduction of the toi'  lowing  bills,   affecting  labor,1 namely  No. HB���"An act for the settlement of  railway la'bor .disputes." ^  No. 122.���"An act, to further amend  the act'to restrict thc Importation and  employment of aliens." i  No. 3<2.���"Aa act to nmend the conciliation act, 31100."  "The pioposcd amendment to Hip  trade mark and design act, with a view  to legalising the union label," and '  "The report of the Chlnenc and Japanese Commission on the exclusion of  Oriental coolie la'bor In the province of  British Columbia," asvto which, consequent upon the short duration of last  session, action has been deterred until  next session.  The coming convbntlon, which must  voire the opinion of organised labor as  a whole,  To Workingmen: Advertisements are  being inn in hundieds of Eastern new3-.  papers for the purpose of inducing carpenters, bench hands, millmen, ma-  chlnemen, lathers, plasterers, hod-carriers,' and, In fact, mechanics of all  kinds,", to come to Los Angeles, vvlier?  they are promised steady work at big  jiay. 'Men have been coming here until  theie are moie mon than jobs. 'In  conjunction with these advertisements  circular letters are being sent broadcast, In the hopes of "getting men to  lome here ln older to disrupt the unions  of this city and to bieak a strike which  Is "being waged against several planing  mills. . Many of the merchants and  manufacturers of this city have organised themselves into an Employer.?'  Association, for the purpose of destroy-  lng,organlsed_labor.i _Thls_Eniplojersl  Association hopes to so ll(jod- Los Angeles with workingmen that thestrug?le  for jobs will be so keen that ll will  result In the disiuptlon of the unions  and consequently reduce the wage scale  now- being paid, which is now less than  thnt paid In any other town on tho  Coast. The mouth-piece of this secret  organisation is' thc notorious scab Los  Angeles Times This Infamous news-  onper is engaged In a bitter light "with  the Los Angeles County Council of Labor and the International Typographical Union, nnd hopes, by aiding the  "employers' Association, to .break up the  unions of this city und thereby save It ���  self from destruetlon Tho advertisements and circulars being Bent out bv  the Employers' Association are full >f  lies and misrepresentations. Do'not  be deceived by them. Help us to circulate' this warning by furnishing same  to your local newspapers.- By order of  the Los Angeles County Council ot Labor.     ',-*"'   i  �� *        J. A/GRAY, President.  LEMUBL BIDDLE. Ses.  Los Angeles, Cal., July 15, 191)2.  ��� f '   ,  From Their J.'anBlroo,bouihfl��ld��od  Protvi tiou Island '"ullleries,  Steam, Cias  and  Blouse Coal  Of tbe Following Grades:  Double (Screened K^ticnp, -  4;- . Hun of the Mice,     ��  Washed Nut and  j Screonlnu*.  PAMUKL M   ROBINH, Superlnlomlent. '  '"BVANh, COLEMAN' it KVANB, AKtntn  ,        "    Vancouver (Mty. B. C.  Wh*��n you want' tn hire n  flr*t-cl'����fc  horse an! buggy,   go   to   the  Palace  will  be  the  most Important! nvery ntables.   Telephone US.  ..'.���'.���.vi'::.'-"!?/%*>'������ FyB<*>-'  THERE *IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The , price   is" 'how  such that almostVev-''''  erybody catr.afford it.;���  Once   used, - always  used.   Apply at Of- '  fice of    ',v - ? '���   -, ���*���.���.  ill!, ft  . LTD.  Cor. Carrall'and Hastings  ' Streets. -  PAClfBC  LINE  World's ;  " Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE  linircrial Limited  0G Hours to Montreal���Tueadays,<~~hurs-  ' days und Saturday's.  / *���  Transcontinental     Passenger   Train  leaves dally at 14 o'clock.       ,  Seattle and Whatcom Express leaves  dally at 9.05 o'clock.   ���  EMPRESS OP INDIA JULY 28  TARTAR ' <.-.'... AUGUST. 4  HMPIUOSS OF JAiPAN  .. AUGUST 18  SAILINGS    FOR   HONOLULU,AND  ' ,    '    AUSTRALIA. > /  MOANA..  ': JULY 25  MIOWBRA AUGUST 22  And every four weeks thereafter.  For full particulars as to time, rates,  etc, apiply to  E. J. COYLB, JAS. 8CLATER',  A. G. P. A. 'Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C.    428 Hastings St  '  Vancouver, B.C.'  ; Pacific Bo\*\\\.\sy  Importers and' SSMJfrrs  GORE AVE.   'PHONIC :m. * .  "    HOLli AU !���>">��.'     v. " .  '/  /���    -  ,-. '^ ���.' :'.\'  i " -.x '��� 'SATURDAY j,UIiT ^ lgo.  /THE INDEPENDENT.  lie A. URQIUNART,   -  TBaf-clware,  Stoves,   Ranges,   Etc.  ,    35  Hastings  Street  East.  ������8  ���������  S1LHAGDND1.  SALMAGUNDI.  'Men and roosters sometimes lose their  heads by crowing 100 soon.  oofs and Shoes  GO TO  U. MILLS, The Shoe Man.  iPATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY!  You can  bottle -up .the  truth  for  a  time, but It eventually ipops the cork.  ���FHONK 170.  You may succeed In convincing a man  against his will,  but nhat's the uso.  When It (omes to adversity or proa;  peilty the average man girefem ruin by  the latter loute. *  'Many men are like fat hogs. Some  tiy theii haidfM togiunt "wnh, wuh,"  when they can only say "wee, wee."  "Is he rich?" "Mercy, no! I don't  suppose the poor man could scrape up  more than two or.three jnillloits to save  his life."���Chicago Retoid-Herald.  I!  * a'  By Smoking  Kurtz's Own/' "Kurtz's Pioneers," "Spanish Blossom"  They are the best in tlie land and made by'  Uuion Labor in ~ r  KURTZ & CO.'S PIONEER CIGAR ,FACTORY  VANCOUVER, B. C. .  tWCall for tliem and see that you get them. "    "  99  OUR CIVIC SOIM  fThere ,\va& no absentee except Alder-  man "Wood, Who Is in England, 'at   the  . city, council on 'Monday night.  " McPhlllips & Williams wrote that if  the police have been unaible to And Mr.  Jones' .blankets, etc., the remedy was  the paiyment of their value. Police  committee.  John MaoVIcar, secretary League of  American .Municipalities, wrote that a  convention would "be held' in Grand  Rapids, Mich., August 27tW to 29th.  Plied. '  Dr. Brydone-Jack came iorward anil  said that it had been arranged with the  health committee that the Irfdian department ibe allowed the1Use of the  isolation hospital, It paying for the privilege, under ihis Mipeiyfolon. He didn't  know by whose authority Dr. MetAlplne,  the city health'officeivliad attended and  assumed coptrol of the Indian patients.  Dr. Brydone-Jack wanted'a copy of the  resolution re former agreement. Under  i   i  conditions he declined to be responsible  . any longer  for  Indian   smallpox   pa^  tlents. It's a. question whether the clty  ��� or Dr. Mc Alpine runs hospital affairs.  Mayor Neelands���We only have one  '-;side of tlie question.  , Dr. Brydone-Jack���There Is- a child  ���ithere tliat needs attention.   ,  Mayor Neelands���We have" no l Ight  to go "ahead 'Vith th'e matter till we  . Jiear turtlier.  Matter referred to special meeting.  a judge would) cost $20 a day, besides  other expenses. The committee might  spend their7 time to ibetter advantage  than holding secret sessions.  Aid. Brown���That's a strange speech.  Aid. MoGulgan doesn't knowwhat he's  talking about. Charges had been made  which demanded un investigation.    .  Aid. McGuigan���Why not'let the public know it then.  'Aid. Blown���The public"will know all  In time.  Aid. McGuigan���I say the " public  sliould know -what is going on. We're  not Living in Russia.        _ '    '  'Aid. Wlyl'ie 'did 'not desire to make  public the motive-for lef erring the report toac'k, and intimated- that some Intelligence had reached the committee.  Aid. Foreman���We'll know what It is  before you1 get thiough with it.  _ Rcpoit was referred back, Aid   McGuigan voting' against it.  ''Pan's weather strips are felt," said  Bessie, as she examined the 'door. "So  are his shingles," sobbed Tommy, who  had been caught smoking in the woodshed. x  P. 0. BOX 29f.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Wholesale Agents for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  MONOGRAM,        #  MARGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLU,  EL CONDOR, SARANTJZAD0S, SCHILLER,  Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES ANT*  Labor Council meets first and third  Thursday In each month, at 7:38 p. m.  President, W. J. Lamrick: vice-president,  F. J. Russell: secretary, T. H. Cross; financial secretary, J. T. Lllley: treasurer,  C. Crowder; sergcant-at-arms, C J��  Salter; statistician, J. H. Browne.  Corner Aloxandcr Btreet and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B, 0.  Received an Encore.  The guest came down to breakfast  sleepy and wild-eyed, but the hotel proprietor cheerfully queried: "Did you  enjoy the flute-plaiying in the room next  to you last night?" "Enjoy it? I  spent half the nlglit pounding on the  wall for thfe idot to stop." "Goodness!  Why, Herr Wlffler told W that he  Played over all the tunes 'he knew four  times because the peison in the next  room encored every one!"���London An-  svvei-s.  ������<!XJ>��^����^'��3S����&  1        When you Drink-Drink        |  Cascade Beer  " And the night shall be filled -with music,  And the cares that Infest the day,  Shall fold their tents like the Arabs,        . '  And ns silently steal away."  At all flrst class Hotels, Liquor Stores and Saloons.  S Brewed bv tho  I Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.  �� Vancouver, B. C.  JOURNEYMEN* IJARBIORS' INTERNATIONAL UNION. No. 1-M-Prcsldcnt, O.  XV. Isaacs: vice-president, Frod Haw;  corresponding-financial secretary, J. A.  Stewart, 51 Cordova St.: recorder, C. D.  Morgan; treasurer. E. Morgan: guide, A.  II Lcgutt; guardian, G. llowers; delegates to T. & L. Council' U XV. Isaacs  and Ficd. Haw. Meets flrxt and third  Wednesdays of each month In Union  Hnll.  "3k-Aid. Thomas was present and pi o-  - tested against the high-handed way In  ���wihlch one Barry lan things at thecem-  ��� eteny.     The gates were elated at par-  tloular    times,   and'   he, with    others,  "wanted to fl\ up graves after 6 o'clook.  RcCei i ed  -All. Wylie surprised the council by  ' moving that the report of "ids commit-  - tee be 'referred 'back, re police Investigation.  Aid.' McGuigan moved tliat the .whole  thing be thrown out.     Tlie investlga-  i tlon was a farce and a laughing stock  ��� of the town.     It ivas not right to pei-  ��� eeoute the police this wuy; besides, 1t  ���vvas'expenslve t6"the~ilty."T_To "employ"  The matter paj Ing Officers Davis and  McIntosh\for their time while at Bulk-  ley elicited a long two-cent >disbusslonj  and was "referred to committee. '  . Tlio city solicitor was instructed to  prepare; p.. ibyj-law authorising the purchase of; the English Bay; lots, which  will be intioduced next Monday.  Herbert Boyle was - allowed ono  month's, absence.  Nuises Stltt andi'Brown were granted  $10 a month, they entering their third  year in the hospital.  The letter of the Vancouver Building  Trades Council re plumbing by-law  was tiled.  Tho Chinese Benevolent Association  asked for-permission to.erect an aliai  and two furnaces in'the old cemeteiy  for burning lefusc, etc. .Health committee will consider the matter.  Resolved���That the cemetery'caietak-  w be instructed to prohibit' Chlneso'  and Japanese fiom putting np any  wooden enolosure other than, a coping  around graves In the cemetery, without  permission from the council.-  It was resolved that $150 be placed  to ilie credit of the mayor to be used  as a secret service fund. ."��� '  Adjourned. '    . '  "Testing- the Pyx."  A late London cablegram says that  the coins minted during ithe reign ot  King Edward VII. have .been submitted  to an official test, when, pursuant .to  a warrant of the loids coinmJssiorters  of his majesty's treasury, the trial 'of  the Pyx took place at the Goldsmith's  Hall this week. The trial opened at 10  a m., when the Remembiancer administered the oalthl to the jui y, who were  selected from the members of the Gold-  smith's hall. A representative of the  royal mint then piodueed the Pyx. or  caskot, containing samples of all Coins  of gold and silver minted during the  year. , Afterwards the jury retired to  the laboratory, where'the composition  and weight of the coins weie tested  it. > 1 r  Manic Twain occasionally makes a  gi lm effort to earn a reputation as 'a  philosopher. Recently he laid down the  dictum that a malarial chill has one advantage, for through Its agency, according to his'conception, It Is a means  hy wlilch: "An all-wise providence has  devised a way hy which, man can in-  dulge In exercise without exertion."  '������9*6***6*9��9eQe(B��0��0*  >9  9  -9  Ask Your Dealer for  f Overall Clothing ��  ���0     Comprising:,Denim Pants, Ovor- ��  ���   nils,  Smocks, and working shirts "J  ���O   ot evory description. 9  -���The  Miner "  9  -9  A line lino ot Overalls, Jumpers,  and Smocks In ~ and 9 oz. goods;  specially constructed, for mlnorB.    "  The "Engineer"  A line' of Rib Overall") and  Smocks- for engineers and mo-  chanlcu  Every garment bears the Union  Label.... ,  -Material and workmanship guar-  - nntecd.  <   '_TIIK-  (MJiniSD.)  WtNNIPEO, MAN.  A NEW WAR THREATENED.  ������$aSo��a��e@aC��9��0*O����  And in the fnce of all this, a" npw  trouble seems to be looming 1n the east  The war which the gold grablheia  brought about toinpelled us to enter  Into a treaty with Japan oviins to our  helplessness In the east���a helplessness  bi ought nbout by tlie criminal ncirimt  of our army. Japan Is said to meditate  war upon Rutsln In consepuencc of the  lattor'H eneronohments In Noith Chlnn.  Then we nie" in/or a, wn.iv with Russia  and, Prance, as the government luis  bound us to light Jaunn's battles, pw-  haps this has had soinethlnir to do with  the hasty pence lu South Africa. '  / We venture to state that'we ihnll  hour of the almost Immediate strengthening of the Mediterranean limit from  our national warships .whlcli "experts  pronounce to be, for tihe most part/obsolete and Inferior In design to the latest ones built for Fiance, Unlted'Statea  and^Japan. Russia desires an escape  fiom the Black Sea 'through the Dar-,  danclles. Hor <.outhern fleet fs much  more formidable thnn is generally supposed. We may look for stirring times.  ���Com. , /  1 Why They Mairled.  The editor'of an exchange-sent out  circular letteis to ia .large number of his  married men subscribers,- asking them  why they mairied. He received a gieat  number of pointed answers, the following being some of'them:  Don't mention It.  Please don't stir me up.  I didn't Intend ito do it.  Because it was just my luck.  Because I was too lazy to work.  I mauled ito get the hest wife in the  woild.  Because I did not have the exoei icnee  \ ,      f  I have now.1' -      ,     ,  Mai nud to get oven <with her mother,  but never have.  That's what I have ibeen trying for  eleven1 yeans to And out. '  I yearned for company. We now have  It all the time-  I thought It .would, he jdieaiper than  a bleach of pionilse suit.'.  Because Saiah 'told    me    that    live  OUT WEST.  Tliey wear their breeches in thoir bootb  -- ' Out Wet,t;  Tlieir Jewelry's the sort thnt shoots,  '()bt West;  Thc men arc toughs with lighting suud,  Tlio women holy terrors, and  Tho girls are fresh to beat the band,  Out West. a  There's lightning in tbe booze they drink,  Out West  The friendly gluss they neier clink,  Out West;  They fill it till it overflows  And raise it up beneath their nose,  And hay,'" Here's howl" and down she goes,  Out West.  The preachers get their Sunday "tips,"  Oat West       ,   ���  In faro bank nnd poker chips, .  Out West;    , " >  And Monday 'round tho gameB tbey trot  And cash in the collection pot,  And buck the tiger, like lis not,  Out West. '''  The maidens nil wear cowboy hats,  Oat Wert; ���  And wear no cornets on.their slats,     *"  Out West; X '  Aud when u lover seems to feel" *      ,'  Too shy to make.the sweet appeal,  Tbey pull a gun and mnke him squeal, '  Out West. ���"  ' Thc women vote the same as men,  ���   Out West;.  ' l'reacb politics with voice and pen,  , a        Out West;  And if a husband makes a piny  (To tak> the sacred right away "      '   ',  , lie grows baldbended in a dny,  -  ' OutWcat.  ,  .And yet we love thosi nitty cranks  ' ��� Out West;  -We get the gold to till our banks, '  Out West;  They dig it up In eiery yard,  And that is whv we trj so hnrd  To hold ibcm in our high regard,  Out W est.  ���Denver I'cst.  in}; bonds of mutual citizenship and  natural affection. It is likely th it these  bonds would be strengthened, i-, it not  more likely thut they would be weakened  hy pressing forward schemes wliich  would immii diately give riBe to a conflict  of policies and n clash of commercial  interests?���Goldwin Smith. ���  WA1T1JRS AND WAITRESSES X'NION,  Local No. .t!8 President, Charles Over;  vlco-iiroldent, A. N. Ilonlngton: secretary-treasurer, J. ��� If. Perkins Meeting  every Friday evening at i JO o'clock la  Union Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmuir  MreetM '       o '  VANCOUVBIt TYPOGRAPHICAL, XTN-  lOS, So. 2ii, meets tha fourth Monday  In e.iuh month at Union H.ill. President.  C S Campbell; vice-president, XV. 3. Mc-  K.n. *i.-crotnry, S. JrGothnrd; P. O. Box  Id. ticasiiiei, Geo WlHiy, .sergeant-at-  luni'. A. F. Arnold; executive committee, K. w Fowler, G E Pierrott, W.  Bi.ind Kotit. Todd: delegates'to Trades  and Labor Council, XV. Brand, S. J. Goth-  aid. F. XV   Fouler. ,  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday ot  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at 8 pa President, H. A. McDonald:  vice-president, John Gardiner; secretary.  A. G. Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalker:  conductor, Geo. Lenfesty; warden, D.  Smith; sentinel. J. Dubberley; delegates  to Trades and Labor Council: H. A. Mo-  Donald, J. C. Barton, C. Bennett, Robt;  Brunt and A. G. Perry          UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth 'Thursday ln Unloa  Hall, room No. 3. President, G. Dobbin;  vice-president, J. M Sinclair; recording  secretary, W. T. MacMuIIen; financial  secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, 3.  Ferguson; conductor, R. MacKenzle; warden, J. McLeod; delegates to T. and L.  council, Robt. Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M. Sinclair.  ��1  Tliere is a hell for every creed���or each  creed has its particular and peculiar idea of  hell���but the one the sweatshop worker knows  ought to be nbout the limit. It's se\ ere enough  to answer all purpose's and wo eould vish no  greater punishment of hntcis of unions tht n  thej have  a week's employment in one.  Empire goods In gTeat demand.  The CIty.Grocery.  At  others had .pioposed.to her.  That's   t'he sarnie   fool    question   ms  friends und neighbors ask me.  t    1 wanted a companion' of Abe opposite  sex.   N._ B.-^She is still opposite.  The old man tlhought that eight year-.'  countlh'  was almost long enough.  The govei nor wus going to give me  his foot, so 1 took his daughlet's hand  lJecauc I sisked her If she'd have in"  She ��-.i!d she would. I think Blip's gm  me. i . '  Had dlflknilty unlocking, the dooi al  night and minted \omebody (0 ]0( mc  In. ". , ,  I think It was because I was 11obeyed; now'I am afflicted with two palm  of cross eyes dally.' *���'  Because I .thought she was one among  thousands'; now; I'sometlmcs think she  Is a thousand among one. ��� ��� '  jl was embarrassed and gave my wife  my nauiie so I could take the benefit of  her tiaine ."Igned to,a'check. ,    -      ,  I was lonesome'nnd melancholy i.ind  wanted toino one to make 'mc lively.  N.ill.���She imskes-mo very lively.    ,  I was tiled of ibuying ice cieam and  oakes and going to ���theatres nnd wanted  a i est.   Haie saved money.  Haive exhausted all the figures In the  arithmetic to And *m answer to your  qui*stion; ibetween multiplication and  division in the family and distraction  in addit'on, the answer is'ihard" to ar-  ijools do not strike; it is only men who  have enoujih intelligence to recognize  their condition that make use of this  last resort. With increased intelligence  they w ill look hack upon the strike period  as one of development: and when they  shnll have accommodated tliemsehes  to' the new conditions, aud when employers 'slinll ���have recognized the intei hgence of tlieir em plovet, those mutters  will be handled, in such a way us to  prevent in the ffiturc a repetition of the  incidents like tlioso wliich arc chronicled  tn the statistical history of the strikes  of the hist twenty years ���Union Record.  NECESSITY OFTHE TRADE DNIOX.  The trade union civilizes the capitalist.  It prevents him from making a Persian  Shah of himself, lt transforms the wage  workers from human machines into  human beings. It draws a line between  1 /air play and oppression and says, ''Thus  far, and no farther shall .you go." It  says to him, "This is America, not  litissia; and you must do business our  way." ""-"   '  ''When capital disarms, labor will, but  not before," said M'endel Philips. Beiore  corporations and trusts were formedj"!  wlien capitalists were weak aad,,dis'-r  organised, there was some reason for  their opposition to trade unions. Iiut today the fight niade by the trusts against  unionism is in every way unjust.  The modern capitalist is armed and  organised. Ue is protected by every  possible fortrcss'of law.' He has a host  of hired literatteurs to defend liisactions  and abuse his opponents. lie e\ en  counts on th'e police, tlie militia and tlie  national guard to always champion his  side of the quarrel when he disagrees  with his employes. His one aim and  object in life is to get ns much work done  for as-little money as possible, and to  sell the product for the highest price he  can secure. '  Fifty years ago, when ten men_worked  side by side with their employer, in a  little wooden factory, each seperate  workmen counted for something.���Herbert N. Casson, in American Foderu-  tionist. -'  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No 113, W.  F M , meets every Saturday at 7 30 p.  m. in Forester's Hall, Van Anda. President D. Jones; viee-presldcnt, P. Burt;  secretary, A. Rapcr; treasurer, H. V.  Price; conductor, E Embleton; warden.  M   Halliday.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF"  Machinists���Beaver Lodge, No. 182.���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday !n  each month in Union hall. .President. 3.  Arnell; vlco-presldent, J R Edwards;  recording secretary, A. J. Thlrtlo, address,  Vancouver P O.: financial secretary, H.  J. Littlier, 573 Hastings street, tMt;  treasurer, E. Tlmmins; conductor, S. H.  Bossisstow; guard. F. Coughlin  JOURNEYMEN   BAKERS   AND  FECTIONERS' International >���i ->  America Local No �� Vancouver, -B.  C. President, Wm. H. Barnes; vlc*-  presldent, Fred. Say. recording secretary,  Sam Walker, 1043 Seaton street; financial secretary, N. MoMuIlin, St Geors*  "street, Mount Pleasant, treasurer, W. A.  Woods  CaGABiMAKERS' UNION ,NKX SOT-  Meets the flrst Tuesday in each month  in Union Hall. President. A. Koehd;  vice-president, P. Crowder; secretary,  G. Thomas, Jr.j. 148 Cordova street west;  tieasurer, S. w. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms. J. W.-Brat; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  C   Nelson. - ,t    > .  MOTICE <  The'CoaBt, nn illustrated'monthly  magnziue published at Seattle and devoted to the interests of the West, will  begin the publication of a serial story  written by. its. editor, embracing scenes  and life in the V"Yst, particularly Seattle,  covering the -period of the Klondike  excitement and immediately following,  entitled, "The Triumph 'of Michael  Sears." The Const will be sent on trial  one year for one'dollar���six monthb.fof  fiftycont's. 'Address Honor L. Ililliohn,  editor nnd manager, 1' O. Box ^02,-  Soattle. U.S.A. ,'     . '         __J-U���  BROTHERHOOD" OF PAINTERS' AlNT>  DECORATORS, Local Union No. li%  Meets every Thursday in Labor Halt,,  President, W. Pavier; vice-president, W.  Halliday; recording secretarv, E. Cruen,  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Gothard, 822 Howe street; treasurer, H. MeSorley.-  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION Otr  AMERICA, No. 178 ��� Meets alternate  Mondays in room 1, Union Hnll. President, P. Williams; vice-president, Cham.  Wholen; recording secretary, H O.' Bur-  rltt; financial secretary, Walfred Larson;  treasurer, W. W. Toombs; sergeant-alarms, J.  McPherson. ^      f  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brlen-'s Hall, tho first and  third Tuesdays of each month. D. McLean, president; W. J. Lamrick, secretary," 24S Princess street. ,   "  VANCOUV'R FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets in Labor Hall. Homer  street, every Saturday, at 8 p. m  Steve Dames, president; Chas. Durham, secretary pro tem.  IMPERIAL  PROTECTION"  The advocates ol Imperial Protection  must si'o that for tho present nt lenst  they hnve received n decisive ansner.  This time, at till events tlie words, of  the Chuncellor ot  the  Exchequer  nro  plain.   It is surprising tlmt anybody nt  all familiar witli   liritish opinion  can  have imagined  that thu  liritish  nation  was going to abandon n policy under  which its wealth luis  enormously  increased, luul tlnmi  down lo ul) its bt".t  I'listomers tlu1 gauntlet  of commercial  war in pursuit of a political fiyicy wliie'h  hits not embodied itself in nny intelligible form'.   It is true tlint the home  production of brendsttiffs in Great Ilntnin  is very small for tliu |iopiilation,niid that  in a war witli a niiviil power, still more  in one witli n coalition of na\nl powers,  tho island realm might be reduced to  teVriblo straits,) whieh is a stroinr reason  (or her adherence to a policy, of moderation und peace.   Itut the colonies as  tliey would be involved in thc war and  tlieir bhipping would he liable to capture, would, instead of Ileitis the mo-t  secure, oo the lea^t secure source *rom  wliich todraw thc needed supplies.   The  colonies are' at present linked to the  Mother Country hy the easy and ungnll-  Ko good looking man likes to work'  Does your wifo ever wish she hnd her  old job bnck?  "Vhon n mnn knocks softly at your  door ho comes to borrow.  Ever notice that a ln/y man it usually  n good checker player? '  Tlieru is uo denying "that tliere arc a  gieat tunny happy looking widows.  Kver notice thiit vv hen a man asks, your  judgment lie iloes not accept'it'.'  Honestly,now, ifyott were in the oilier  fellow's shoes could you do any hotter.  Kver notice how old follow a like to  create the impression that they have  been mighty gay in times past?  Wo are apt to credit with too much  .virtue tho niiixim that "all government  rests upon physical loree." No amount  of force cun for long maintain govennent  iu opposition to the will of the people;  no force is required to maintain government in accord with the will.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD  OF .Electrical Workeis, Vancouver  Local]213,���iMeets second and' fourth:  Tuesday in'Union hall,. room' No. 4.  President.,Geo.'Cowling, vice-president.  R.^ P.'Irwin; recording secretary, A. D.  Hotso^i, ''635, Richards  street;" financial  seoretary, 'John' Dutftmrly.  > ' ��� >.      1 ^ ;  IN'PERN'XTIONAl,        ORDER        OP ^  BLACKSMITHS!.���Vancouver Union.  No. 151,"-meet's,the flrst and third Mon-  'days of each'month at 8 p. m , In Union  Hall./ President, Roliert Gray; .financial secretary, George Nesblt, 12($7 Homer street; recording secretary, D.  Robinson, Be: 37, Vancouver, B. C;  delegates to Trades and Labor Oouncil.  William Latham, D. Robinson, R. Edwards.  Meeting.  P. O. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE, No. 9,  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting  brethren  welcome.    Bert Parsons, W.  P : J. G. Ure, W. S., Arcade.  Wherever a persistent agitation has  lijen kept up for the union label, conditions in the labor world have t-tundily  improved. Let w not forgot that our  enemies never 'sleup and nro constantly  looking up new markets for their tcab-  mnde goods.  HARTS A SPBCIA1.TY OF . .  o ' Demrs specioi Liqueur, oiso--  �� ' llsnefs Block Mliqw  1    -LAHGK STOCK OP-  IMl'OKTED ASP POMIWriC  . Clears.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.:1  Coiner Cordova and Carrall.'  rn  < u  Seymour Streeet,  '.ify^^<r^ylv\k''' \'�� - - ' "  A    ''   ' *  <L   ,   l i.     ���  ����� RESULTS IN EARLY WINTER.  Iv  If"  fc  hi  u  iff-  .11'  i'ii  1 If  \f  I  ' f'  i A  A Breeder Who Iluan't Found a Valuable   Secret���Prepotency.  I have not been successful in getting  early winter eggs. During November  and December I average only two or  three eggs per month per lien. I try  to give just as good care then ns nt  any time of yeur, although lt Is not  always feasible to have n full supply  of green food. My method of feeding  Is tbe customary ono���n mush of brnn  nnd middlings with fish scraps or animal meal in the morning, mixed with  hot water In cold weather. For it  month past wheat has niiulo a lnrge  part of tho grain ration simply because  it is cheap. I have got no botter results than from feeding cracked corn.  "A'hole corn Is now being fed at night.  Have good tight bouses, yet I have  not found tho secret of n largo supply  of eggs ln the early winter. I a in inclined to think Unit to a certain extent  tlio fowl Is governed hy Its original nature to lay llttlo. nt this period while  molting or finishing feather growth.  Something might bo -accomplished in  the way of getting more eggs at this  season by proper selection of breeding,  fowls.  lu breeding I do not make It n point  to mate birds not near akin. I intend  to select the best'birds, regardless of  relationship. I do not think it desirable to regularly procure fresh blood."  It Is desirable, however, to get fresh  blood if the animal secured is better  than tlio best one has In his own  flock. It wonid be better if the "new  blood" could coine from tho same  strain as the one on to which it is to  ho bred.  Does any one know of nny -thoroughly successful breeder who bus established yn high reputation for his stock  who regularly introduces "now blood"  into his Hock? Of far more importance than the introduction of "new,  blood"-would It bo to discover in one's  flock'nn nnlmal of superior merit that  possesses the power of transmitting Its  good qualities and then hold on'to that  bird as long as it is capable of breeding. Look at the pedigrees of the phenomenal trotting horses as one 'after  another thoy "break the record." Nearly every one of these great trotters  ,has in lt some of tip blood of the old  race horso Messenger, .transmitted'  tin-ought iiis great-grandson, Ilamblejft-  ?-sU!l wi"��'e "i^Jt?? Si��& remarkable  examples ot nre7ioten?y ofi IfeSrd, "  In roultfj Breettiiig we IToccl to breed1  nw<" from individuals and tdfs from  flocks. The trap nest and a careful  following up of tbe hatches from eggs  of different individuals vvill help us.  J prefer n system of jiouiewhut close  "breeding wlreh the "stock Tired from  possesses extra good qualities, because  by tills method, combined, of course,  [with careful section, we can ifltensl-  tx the gbo5 qualities of our~slock. "^  f My most serious mistake wai ln  breeding from some badly colored females one year when I was a Very  young beginner, thereby putting me  back a couple of years or so in the  continuous Improvement bf my stock.  One of tho best moves I know ls thnt  of keeping nn accurate account ln connection "with ray poultry keeping, is  that when I get blue nt temporary bad  returns I can see that, on the whole, I  am coming out right, and when I am  doing well I enn try to do better.���W.  H. Bishop in Farm Poultry.  FOR   THE CITY  LOT.  A Elgbtly  Poultry  Honae That Cam  Be Dalit at a Low Coat.  Hundreds of our readers are constantly looking for plnns for poultry  houses that are best adapted, for kcep-  lug their fowls comfortable and healthy  nud that can be built nt a low cost. A  house that will be fouud satisfactory  iu most, eases is illustrated herewith..  Tliis house ls In the shape of a hexagon aud mnkes: a very hnudsome anfl  EXTliltlOK OP the itoesn.  couveuieut one nnd Is just the thing  for the city lot wlieru space is limited.  The ground or floor plan will show you  tbe interior arrangement.   Tho size of  Up to Data Coop.  Coops like the one shown in the Illustration we used for growing stock on  the poultry farm of T. XV. C. Aimy,  A CONVENIENT COOP.  Tiverton Four Corners. R. I. Mr. Aimy likes this style'of coop and ls gradually rcplncing his old ones with them.  _The_pbotogrnph^*_a_sJak^^by_aj;epre-.  sentntlie of Farm.Poultry. "  Brother to the Ontrlch.  A Minnesota paper tells of a giant  Buff Cochin rooster owner by a Mr.  Plutnnson of Luverne, Minn., which  'has been trained to trot In harness,  pulling a tiny cart, In which rides the  baby son of its owner. '...,;:   y  Golden-Duke Is the name of this  strangest of fowls, nnd It is a prize  winner In Its class, ns well us a freak.  The big bird wns broken to harness, by'  the boys of the I'lumnson household  and now seems to enjoy lis work. It  wears a little harness and Is guided by  reins, which It carries In Its bill. It ts  thu mnstcr of several gaits and nt the  word of command, given by tlio"small  oblltl who is driving It, will-walk,'run,  trot or come to n standstill. At home  lu the country the big rooster often  pulls the can and Its occupant for half  a mile or more without stopping.  FLOOR I'L AX.  this house Is 10 feet 0 inches thc corner posts are G i'ect long and the center of tlio house, 0 feet from floor to  peak-of "roof.���National Poultry Journal. _,.; -y^i 1P>i^]S%^i^-^-^  ���" "~    ������ -^.  IliKh rrlced Grain.       . ^  The high prices of grain this winter  are not without their good results.  Many a poultryninn is feeding nn increased ration of ground meat and  bono or cut green bone and cut clover  hay. Cooked vegetables tire being ndtl-  ctl to the mash more frequently thnn  when grain wus cheap. High prices  are making tho average "henraau"  think moro than he has done about  balanced rations and new articles of  tSSi J����jil? 1j��n|i--a~--31c''W��*-".   Tho man who hns in his cellar a  largo bin of mnngels, carrots, turnips  and small potatoes, stowed away ln the  barn a let of nice clover hay and well  covered with straw a long row of soft  headed cabbages fnces high grain and  a long winter with little fear. If he ia  situated so he can get green bone  whenever he wants lt he need not worry about profits.  If grain Is high, do not go to using  damaged food because it can be bought  at a less price. Better feed a smaller  quantity of good grain than a full feed  of spoiled grain. Do not keep on with  the old articles of food at high prices  unless you have found, you cannot do  better. Corn and onts have advanced  much more than wheat. Wheat is the  cheapest food to us for eggs at present prices. -Gluten meal, Unseed meal,  bran und nil tho waste products in the  making of flour nnd starch are usually  sold at a less prlco than their food  value and go a long way in the feeding  of hens.���Dr. N. W. Sanborn ln Poultry  Keeper.  Feeding Green Cnt Bone.  I think the most satisfactory way to  feed green cut bone is to give it two  or threetlmes a week, giving tbe hens  all they will eat when not very hungry.  Feed It nt noon after a light feed of  grain or about the middle of the afternoon. Many manufacturers advise  feeding an ounce per hen per day, but  I never had hens fed a good strong  grain ration that would eat that much  cut bone. In regular good leedlng  green bone or meat in some form  should be a part of tho ration at least  every other day. Whether more or  less other food ls required will depend  -on-the-remalndor-of the ration and.the.  condition of'the flock. A flock which  gets bone or meat regularly every two  or three days will eat less grain as a  rule on the dnys when It gets nnlmnl  food, but will probably cnt more grain,  on the whole, than If It bad no nnlmnl  food. This is because a ration deficient lh nnlmnl food, or deficient in  any respect, is less appetizing and because the appetite In general falls  ,wben the system lacks something It  needs nnd the lack is long contluucd.���  Farm Poultry..  WINTER CAREJOF COWS.  Warm Stable*, Balanced Rnttona and  Pure Water Neeeaanry.  The rules for taking cnre of cows ore  so few nud simple that we wonder why.  we should repeat tliem each year, but  each year we see so ninny vvho do not  practice them that wo cauuot refrain,  hoping thnt wo tuny reform some of  them, says American Cultivator. One  of the flrst requisites Is a warm barn,  not'only for the comfort of the cows,  but for the prolit of the owners. When  we think of some of the barns we knew  when a boy, where the snow blew In  through the cracks behind the nnininls  and their tails were perhaps frozen  down into the tnniitn'o, vve do not wonder that I'aniieis thought ihey were  "tall sick" in the spring ���'ur had n  "vvnlf" In the tail. Luckily tliero nre  not many mvIi Unas iuiiv. fur the  f.iimei- have hniin il tl'at il look good  eoiinneal to Keep up the heat of the  Sv-tcni. nml that was tiimv expensive  tl'iiti slilni.le. ami a- the cold grew* In-  ���liie the 1 i.i lit the milk j ield dectenscd.  If those bains mi'iln the c.iiel.s lmve  li"Wl envoi ed. and p'limps oi r modem  bains now en in il.e otlier eUier.ii' at  heim? so tlirlitly ehMil ns id lack stilli-  cieni vi'iitllatlun. a fault that tan be  remedied b.v the use of ventilating  tubes t'i am near tl.e Hn-ir behind tlie  animals to snine point wheie Ihej can  cany nut tlie t.u'.l air nhiive tlie hay.  Another pemt is a lo'iilonnlile bed  to protect tlieni fiom cold, ilk' lia.d nud  often cold lloois,  Ol' eouise go ��l feod and enough of it  is necessary, but lii.it Is not all The  fend should be vniioil In sr.eh propoi'-  ti.m<! as to make what is culled"-i balanced ration, enough gram sj rii'.ed  with the roii-'li loikier as to l��iep the  J^iP>M  JEHSEY GAZELLE'S I'AVVN 03,701  [Highest tcslinpr daughter ot Kiiir ol St. I.im-  but���25   pounds  ���iVj  ounies  buttor  and  3*3  pounds 1 ounce nnlk in scisn dajs; owned tj'  Clicrrj (arm ]  proportions of pfuleiti to carbohydrates  nt about one to five, but much depends  upon tho breed nnd moro upon the animal aud its condition, nud there can be  no exact rule given ns to the best mixtures or the exact amount. Any farmer can get from the experiment stations bulletins giving tables of the value of feeding stuffs and flguro out rations for his animals to suit himself,  ���fintchlng the results and varying them  ns ho finds it necessary.  After food naturally comes wnter.  This should bo always pure and clean,  and we"would wish it could be nlwnys  warm. There should be some cheap device for quickly warming the water ln  the trough. In fact, we think there  bus been such patented, but have not  seen them In use.' We have seen water  warmed by stenm nt a low pressure  conveyed to the trough in pipes and  wore told that for a herd of twenty  cows tho milk product wns increased  enough to make it very profitable.  A Successful Dairy Cow Breeder.  T. A. Boimnn of Topeka will teach  judging of dairy cattle at the Kansas  State Agricultural college March 3 to  S, says Kansas Farmer.  Mr. Bormnn started in Dickinson  county with a common herd and  through his knowledge of what a dairy  cow should be bred his herd up until  he secured an average of $81 per cow a  year selling milk to a creamery. He  started with common mixed cows and  by enrefui selection and breeding in  six years developed a grade cow that  "produced 12.000 pounds of milk and  ���170 pounds of butter Jn a year with  Kansas grown feeds. The average  scrub cow gives seventy pounds of butter in a year. Many of the cows from  his breeding refuse to become dry.  PIANO BOX HOUSES.  An Inexpenalve Shelter For PonltiT  In All lint the Coldest Weather.  Some years ago, in looking about for  a fad to divert my mind from business  care's and having three-quarters of an  acre of land at my disposal nnd a natural affection for thoroughbred fowl,  I concluded to try my hand with poultry, keeping a few for pleasure an*  hoping at thc snine time to get some  profit from It. By the time I hnd fully  made up my mind to become a poultryninn 1 had chicken fever in its worst  form, and all tho noted physicians that  I have consulted hnve pronounced my  caso Incurable.  Now, being ln doubt myself nt t��  how lung the fever might last and how  profitable I might be able to make it,  I naturally hesitated nbout putting  great cxpciise Into chicken houses. I  reasoned that lt I got sick of the business I should have vory little to lose  If I sold out, but at tho same time  biddy must have home kind of home to  shelter herself from the weather mid  n place to lay nud be dry.  On looking about 1 found that piano  boxes would answer my purpose very  well. Mr. Warren described my method of putting together, and the pictures will show the two styles. I purchased my bo.\es nt ."0 cents apiece  and lined I wo men two nnd one-half  days to put them together.  I Editor's Note.���Mr. Dlnglcy' hns  rofeience to tlio article b.v tho Hev.  Edgar Warren, whu h appeared in  the November number of Poultry  Koopei. The mii^n tacts touching on  those houses were put by Mr. Warren  as follows: Did you ever think of tho  possibilities that are in two piano  cases, which can bo bought in the  nearest city for -50 cents npioco?  On n level place lay down two joists  eight feet long. Take your boxes and  carefully remove tho boards on tho  tallest side. Spike the boxes to the  joists so that the open etuis will face  ench other. With the boards you have  taken out close up the gap between  the boxes on the back and roof. Put a  door in fiont, a pane of glass on cither  side of the door, complete laying the  floor, put in a roost, cover tho building  with n good roofing paper, and ypu  havo a house that will accommodate  1 i&?2T ,,IC��S SUj; cos�� of not ovcr &3*J  In the|J poimry liol!so��, ft'nde ns  thoy iiitiy look, I have cured for 300  old stock and chickens and have raised  feo.nie as Ujic fowls as could be jaisei"  with a faM range. I preferred 5rst  to mako a success with my birds, hoping to produce a lino of birds that  would equal the best, and then jf I  could sell stock jnd eggs for hatching  KEEPING MILK PURE.  It Can lis Dona If tlle Klgllt Kind of Pull  und .struinlnc Aiipiii-Aius la lined  ���A Good Ctiver. .'  Toor butler is very often the .result ot impurities that get into tho  milk ut milking tiivio. Cloth strain-;  ers will h^lp nuitleis materially, but  Iirst of uli: thoroughly rub the cow's  udders With a piece of burlap before  milking. The best puitfor milking  witli cloth strainers cun bo made by  tho tinsmith after the pattern shown  in the cut. Luy the cloth tightly  over the top of the pail, then press  the lop piece down Inside the rim of  the pail. The milk cannot spatter  out, and must pass through the cloth  into the pall. Probably not , ono  dairyman in a Iiundred is as pftrtic-  'uliir us lie should be in the matter  ot getting the milk from tlio cows  in the cleanliest pussllilu maimer. After visiting ninny'Many fuims and  noting the lilthy manner in which  the cows aie cured for mill milked, I  think my statement of not one in a  hundred is nol wide of thu iniiik. in  ninny bums the conditions ,nc simply disgusting, while one can lately  luul a stable wheie n thoioughly  paiiistakini; elloi t is made to keep  eveiy  pai tide  of  fpieign  in.iller and  MACADAM ROADS.  U�� S, Depiirtmeiit. Ailiipu the  Trlnclplaa  ���  -.Vliicudnm AdvoeuUd.  Tho United States Department of  'Agriculture has recently remodelled  its road' making department. >In  this connection it will interest Canadians, who are interested in road  making, to. know that tho department has ^decided upon the universal  adoption of the principles of Mao-.,  uduin in road making, nnd "that upon  these principles llie road making will  be continued by the department.  Tho department, however, admits  that, in numerous- localities tho  building of gravel roads will ho encouraged, and Hint thousands of  miles of gravel road will be in use,,  long before the niiieudniitizlng , process shall be nvniliiMu.  covi:u ton milk i\ur  every foul odor out of the milk. Even  under tlie very best conditions as re-  lin-  oiit  or tlie nnlk if the lnttet is drawn  from tlie cowinio an open p..il, for  h "rs on*i so,ms dust paiMcles will  bo     loosened fiom the ciW by     tho  gnids cleanliness it is  uttijrly  jiossiblc to Keep nil impiirltleS  .IlllIN  I.   MACADAM.  ^ It is interesting to recall the fact  thnt John L Macadam insisted that  "small aiigulai iragnients of stono  am tlie cardinal icquiicmcnU,," and  tluil no huge -stones should be used  in load makinu. Ho ulso earnestly  jilvouiled the principle that all nr-  tilkiul load building depended for  i'.. success upon the making and  maintaining of a solid dry foundation, and llie covering of this foundation with ii durable wateipioof  -coaling or ioof of broken stone. Tlio  thickness of this crust may vary  vvith the soil, the.kind of stono used,  anil tliu    amount, of traffic which it  2..: ii--af ,  r-    ��� ' ��������  iiiuSL Sustain ���>  The U. S. department advises the"  people who build gravel roads      to  make use of liberal amounts of sand  whcicver  it  is  obtainable.     A'hcreos  cow uy     uo |         .  action of the htyjds in milking How- , a, dirt road becomes soft and muduy  ovei", with a.piiil like that sliovvn fit during, rainy seasons, sandy soils  the cut nntl two thicknesses or cot- P"-<-h und harden. Because of this  ton iloth, or, bettor stUL, a layer ��� n��ttrs! condition,, \yhjsb all farmer*  of mu goons' absprbeiit cotton, laid ' u��dei stand, sand should ho liberally  between two r.heets ot cheesecloth | "sod'with the gravel. Thc departing taught tojrctlKr heie nnd thci'O | mont urges driumigo for all dirt and  Where the Fnult Ilea.  Jinny a dollar Is Invested every year  by men who wish ��� to make poultry  breeding a business. Some enter the  market "poultry line and others the line  of the fancy,'and the' question Is often  asked, Why do not more of, them make,  lt a success? Is It the fault of the men or  the business? That the business Is not  at fault Is evident from tho'fact that  , so many men hnve been,successful nt  lt; so that the nnswer must be tlint the  fault lies with the men.���Poultry Herald.  ',���':���". Kettle and Pot.  .The American Fancier goes after  some specimens of "modern poultry  Journalism" for puffing the stock of  tlielr big advertisers regardless of quality and snys, "It- Is even worse thnn  the miserable nystom tbat enables  breeders to sell birds on thc fictitious  nnd Inflated value of a score card."  Vi'lion a disqualified Cochin can win a  premium under the comparison system,  It seems to the writer that "the pot  should not cnll the kettle blnck." Inflated and fictitious score cards, if there  are. any such, nre due to dishonest or  Incompetent Judges and not to tbe system, as the American Fancier vory  well,knows, but; for reasons known  only to Itself it prefers to charge It up  to "the system." The score'card system ennnot be throvyn down by mlsrep-  resentntion and abuse, 'and that ia  about all that has been urged against  It,���H. F. Ballard In Fanciers' Gazettr.!  ShrcddlnK Corn Fodder.  Nonrly one-half of the feeding value  of the corn plant Js in the stalk, nnd if  fed to the cows in the usual mnnner a  Jnrgq_iMirtof this^food vnlue is wasted  In the stalks left uneaten; says  Hoard's Dnlrymnn. Shredding puts  this food ln a shape to be used hy the  cows. Under no condition -would we  allow tho corn fodder to remain standing in tho fields. The loss from rnln,  wind and frost is too grent to be allowed. Twenty-five per cent is the  usual and 40 per cent a not uncommon  loss of feeding value when the fodder  is left ln thc fields.  lute Llennliness can he seemed,  largo sheet of such a, strainer  be    made    at or.co, and circles  fiom it for each milking. The  A  can  cut  cot  ton mentioned is absolutely pure,  and is of a nature to check tho pas-  sago of any impurities. By tho use  of such a device the milk and cream  will not only be practically pure, if  all other precautions arc taken to  keep it so, but it will keep much  longer than milk and cream seemed  under the ordinniy' conditions ��� a  veiy decided advantage, if one ships  his cieam awny or has a milk or  cream route, for there is, perhaps, no  moro common complaint from     cus-  drainage possible with tho best of  modern methods and nppliunces. . .  % Some of the conclusions already  reached concerning .tho stone materials aie that siliceous materials,  composed'of flint or quartz, aro too  brittlo and* deficient in toughness.  Granite is not desirable because it ,  is composed of threo materials of  different naturcs/ijuartz, feldspar and  mica. Gneiss '.is inferior to granito.  Mica slato stones are altogether useless.. Sandstones are also useless.  Tho tougher limestones are very,  good, but tho softer ones are too  weak for heavy loads. They wear,  Wash and blow a wuy. Trap rock  "is  toiiieis on a milk route than     that. , highly rcgauled as possessing      tho  the     nnlk    or cream does not keep  from one day to the next.  Winter Cnre of Cotva.  Cows should never be left out of  doors when the wenther Is uncomfortable. They mny be turned out In a  yard ,well sheltered from the cold on  plensnnt, sunshiny days In the winter  for two or three hours, but when thc  weather Is very cold or stormy, If they  are not watered In the stable, which ls  the best way, tliey should he out only  long enough to drink from a tank a  few feet nwny from tho burn and then  '.miuedlately allowed to go bnck.  purposes nt a fair price and thereby | w;lh thl,ben(, an�� ,JOJ{11- ftmst nbso- | gravel  rol��ls:  tho most      thorough  make a little profit for myself from the ��� * "'         *--*���     -*  profitB derived f wotilJ "BuiTd poultry  houses ns I could.    My hoses have  been so' successful that had I much  money to expend ln houses I should  yet continue to use them for summer  houses, as they fill every requirement  Of course I have lnrge ynrds connected with ench of my six houses.'  There is nothing like a few standard  bred  hens  for  pleasure  and   profit.  While there ls not grent profit In a few  hens, there ls more thnn enough to  pay for the trouble besides the pleasure  one gets from caring for a fine flock  of birds of good breeding.   Much of  the success with poultry depends upon  one's liking for the business nnd tho  care the birds receive.   Give the samo  care and thought to a flock of hens ns  one would to n herd of cows, and the  profit will be ns great in proportion to  the cnre and money Invested.  There are great possibilities in the  poultry business for persons of business ability who nre willing to work.  In an egg producing ben much depends  upon the cnre nnd feed.   A hen to bo  a good layer, to my mind, must be fed  for eggs from the time she Ib hatched  until she commences to lay.   Meat and  vegetables should form a prominent  part of her diet   I am of the opinion  thnt the two hundred egg hen I read  so much about nowadays is produced  not so much by breeding as hy care  and feeding.  Perhaps It will be of Interest to know  what I do with my fowls In winter. I  have a Btable 35 by 25 feet with a nice  dry basement I purchase my bay  pressed, so I enn use my hayloft for  my breeding pens; also the basement,  which makes a fine place for my growing stock and extra cockerels. It Is my  Intention in the spring to build a modern henhouse���Parke G.^ Dlngley ln  Poultry Keeper.  Ilevira for  I ntltliii;- T.o^a  Arrange two stout timbers, A. A.,  with one end of each on the ground  and the other on the sled or wagon.  Double a li inch rope of suitable  lenglh. /Loop the middle through a  clevis, so it will not slip. Tie the  ends of the rope to the side of the  sled     farthest     fiom the hg, B. I".  A Prlre Tom. .  .  This handsome bronze torn, bred nnd  owned by H. F. HIslop of Mllford, III.,  won 'a first at',tbe Pan-American poultry/ exposition.' Mr. F. L. Sewell, who  made the sketch of the bird, suys: "He  kasy way to ioad logs.  Bring the clevis back over the sled  and around the log so it will balance; then take it back over the sled,,  hitch on the team ut T). and go  ahead. Have a wood rack on the  sled  and  remove  the  stakes'    from  qualities most desiicd for macadamizing purposes. _ Being hard and  tough, when broken to small sizes,  trap rock cement into a smooth hard ,  crust impervious to water, and tho  smaller broken particles nro so heavy  that they are not easily blown away.  Whilo advocating the Macadam system of road building, tho department does not undoi value tho Tel-  foid system. Telford's claim that &  p.ivcd foundation is necessary for all  roads is too sweeping. But in very  many instances that system is really  essential to good road making. But  in a majority of cases the contention  of Macadam that a paved foundation  is unnecessary must prevail vvith the  road makers. '  Cure nt Sheap In W luter.  'If sheop are less exacting than tho  cows in their demands upon the  time and attention of the farmer,  they should not be neglected," says  American Cultivator. Good food, and  plenty of it, every day is needed, and  if they are, as they should be, turned out every pleasant day for oxer-  tlie side on which the lug is received. , cise    anti    fre^ ft|r do n'ot     expcct  L.  E.  Emmons,  Home.  ���in  Farm  and  Ynnnu Dnlry Stock.  The rising generation of the dnlry Is  often overlooked in the fall, retnnrks  W. p. McSpurran In National Stockman. The young things can get little  growth or good from grass that has  stopped In its own growing, nnd a littlo  extra feed and attention now may save  a lot of tin-in both later and save also  the Ini'piunble damage sustained by  the fmin e mw. caused by arrested do-  vefopini'iit Don't let the milk machine  ellu a cos.   .  WON AT THE PAX-AM.  possesses an immense frame, great  depth and girth of brenst and body,  which was symmetrically carried and  beautifully marked, especially clean  ln the white tips of the saddle and tall  coverts. He is an extremely difficult  bronze turkey to defeat"  The llnrii  Dour. v   A_gopd_many' poolde_wonder    why  their sheep suffer from colds"-and'  "snulllcs" in spite of the good euro  taken to house them and protect  them from inclement weather, says  National Stockman. The trouble  sometimes is that thc sheep arc too  carefully housed. They aio put into  a tight barn, their bodies warm it  up, and when they are turned into  the cold air or wind they take cold.  Tho main thing.with sheep is to keep  tlieni dry, not warm, and especially  not wnrm nnd cold. Leave tho door  ot tho barn open if it is warm and  the sheep aro to run out during tho  cold weather. Cool air without  drafts Is better for them than worm  nights and cold days.  Claanilnc tliu rotvlhoaie.  Spraying the poultry houses with a  'solution of sulphuric acid, ono pound  to twenty gallons of water, is an efficient remedy for lico, mites and all  disease germs if it is put on so as to  cover walls, ceilings, floors, roosts  nnd nests and foiced into cracks nnd  crevices. It is bettor thon somo other sprays, as it i.s not necessary ' to  keep the fowl out more than an hour  or so, and it will destroy tho eggs  as woll as tho developed insects if i.t  touches them.  them to get a living from tho frostbitten grass that they may find, as  a little of it will not hurt them and  may do them some good, but It can-'j  _"ot_ho ji_very nourishing food. A  few "bats, a~little~r~riin~aiulr"if~thcir-  roughage is of inferior quality, a  little cormncal every day will do  them good, helping them to bring  better lambs'and grow moro wool.  Plenty of water where they can go  to it as they please should bo at  hand, for when on dry feed thoy liko  to drink littlo and often, nnd they ,  want it always clean. A sheop will  go long without water rather than  drink that which is not clean. Glvo  them bedding enough to keep their  sheds ��dry and rlean and plenty of  pure air. Cold doe?, not hurt them  whon,thoy have on their winter coats  but keep them dry, with the ficeco  free from ruin or snow.  it  ^   Ilaril Mljklns Com.  A hard milker should have a  couple of calves put to her. . After  those are weaned, if sho docs not  milk easier, got some more calves  und let her fat them. ���  Candy fur lleca.  Never uso anything .In making '  candy but tho best grade of suglir,  .says American Agriculturist. Boll  granulated' sugar to a thick sirup  and .when done, so that it breaks  liko a pipestom when dropped -in  water, take it off and as it begins  to harden stir lt tinli'l so thick . it  will Just pour and then pour into  pans or dishes, .so thai il hardens  in cakes about nn inch thick. A'  different candy can be made if you  can get good cxtructed honey, but  it must bo of the best nuiJily. Heat  tho honey until it is thin, but don't  boil it, and then stir in nil the pulverized sugar it will take up. Theh  knead it with the hands and work  in more sugar until it becomes a.  still douch.  V 4  THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER, B. C.  THE PREUX CHEVALIER.  i anuiiH'i Na��r;v ��mmiiiid��ir-lu-Clil*.ru Vloat  I'opul -r llwio ur llomu���i he l-url  nf UuM.ioiialtl.  One of Great Britain's most popular heroes will be lost to the Mother  Country when tho Earl of Dundonald  sails away to Camilla to ossumo  command of the Canadian militia,  says a London correspondent.  lie i.s in every senso the proux  chevalier. Tall and handsome, with  curling hair and soft harcl eyes, this  ultni-fn.sliionablc was the darling of  the drawing room before the South  African campaign crowned his splon-  <lid soldierly abilities with tho meed  of marked distinction.  His career in thu Second Life  Guards, which ha commanded until  lS'J'J. was by no means uneventful.  He and his regiment figured in Egypt iu 188'l-85 with credit, and later  tho Earl won the attention of military experts by his Invcntlone for  equipments, of which thlT'chicf was  the Dundonuld gun enrriugo.   "  With Bullcr in tho Boer war, however, he brought , himself before tho  world. His dash into Ladysmith at  the head of the Imperial Light Horse  and Carbineers, tho first''of tho relieving force to reach tho unfortunate  town, was tho crowning 'achievement  of a long list. c Ills promotion to  Major-Genoral followed.  Lord Dundonald,  who  is 50 years  old,    has a personal hold upon    his  men  which, perhaps oven moro than  his "conceded qualities  as a leader,  _ lias contributed to his success.   ^  ��� His wife, who was a Welsh helicss,  ��� inherited beauty as well as broad  acres from her family, the Heskcths,  with the addition of a pretty "will of  her own. When the "District Council  of Abergclo, near her Beat. Gwyn-  Castle, tried to popularise the place  as a seaside resoit and set on foot  compulsory parliamentary measures  to force desired improvements, she  cut down a beautiful avenue of trees  , that had stood for centuries, thereby  destroying its principal beauty.  Canada vvill .welcome the Earl.'.whb-  fiiicceeds Major-Generar" O'Grady-  Haly. He will have the satisfaction  of'commanding .some of. the", finest  men tho British Hon 'boasts."'!.'"' Tho  Minister of , Militia and ���staff will  await his arrival at Halifax, whoro  he is expected .the latter part of  May, though ib is reported in London that he will not sail until July.  Lord Dundonald will make ' his  licailiiuarters m Ottawa.  AW  INDS  -AND-  Wet Weather  cause the Colds that cause  Pneumonia and Consumption    .   ,   .  Shiloh's  Consumption  Cure  cures the cold, heals the  lungs and makes you well.  SHILOH cures Consumption  and all Long- and Throat  Troubles; and Coughs and  , Colds in a day. Positively  guaranteed.   25 cents.  .   .  Write to S. C. Wisus & Co., Toronto,  Can., for a free trial bottle.  JKarl's Clover Root Tea Cures Headache  HALCYON HOT SPRINGS, B. C.  Without question the best and  most effective springs in Canada for  the cure of rheumatism, kidney or  liver troubles. The medicinal qualities of the water are unequalled.  Splendid hotel accommodation ; fine  fishing and hunting. An ideal spot  for tho Invalid.  Many a good man blacks boots,,  and many a bad one blacks characters.  lt is a deplorable fact that a girl  can never get her first kiss but once.  ' HEALTH FOR LITTLE ONES.  Baby's  Own Tablets Make Children  1    Well and Keep Thorn Well.'.  Ii your'children aro subject to colic,  indigestion or any. stomach trouble;  if they are "troubled -vyit'h constipation,    diarrhoea,  or any of the f ills  that,af[lict   little  ones,   give   them  Baby's Own Tablets.    This medicine  will  givo~rolief right away, making  Lifebuoy Smp^isinfectent-is strongly  "mid. refreshing sleep possible.    It  ���,  ,,r ..   ._  ,. ���,   '�����������;������ ���.  will put children on the highroad to  recommended by the medical profession a.  ^^ ^.^    ^ .g ^ ^ ^  o safeguard against infectious diseases.     ��� day fol. thousands ot chiidren ln all  When" the day breaks some men are  parts of   the    country.   Mrs. ,B.   L.  too lazy to make use of Ihe'piecep.   iMcFarlano, Bristol,    Que., says:   "I    I take pleasure   in testifying to ' the  Chronic aorangoments of the stomach, liver, ,,,rrit-c   nl  Tlnii'-'a   Own   TnKlnic        r  ' rnd Wood nro bpo dily rcmoiod by tho activo "ncnts   ��'   "*��>"��� s   <-" n   tablets.      1  principle of tlio insrotlients entorins into the havo used  them    for my baby since  .    SSK"JSM &A& OTM&I shc wf thl.'co months old. and pre-  '    organs, stimulating to action tho dormant oner- v'ous to using them she was a deli-  - t-ies of tho system, thereby removing disea<o cate child.   She is now quite the re-  ana ronowinf? Ibe ana vitality to the afflicted. - ��� ��� , - , i    ,,, ,  " In this liositfio (front secret ofthe popularityot v0,se>  ns sho 1S Plump,  healthy and  Parmeleo's VogotabloPills,                                strong." I  think-Baby's    Own  Tab-  ���  ! lets  the best medicine in the world  If a spinster" isn't as tall as   she  for little ones."   These Tablets  'would   liko  spliced.     ���  ���  to  as  be she  WIRE  WOUNDS.  aro  should get  good for, children   of   all ages "and  1       .dissolved in water or crushed   to a  powder they can be (given with ab  solute safety to the youngest, weak-  My mare, a very valuable one, was ���'ost bab-v-   Guaranteed to contain no  badly    cut   and    bruised    by" being  opiate or harmful drugs. Sold by all  .caught io.a wire fence.   Some of the , dealers at 25c a box,  or sent post  wounds would not heal,  although I  P'ud b-v writing direct   to   the   Dr.  tried many diffeient medicines.     Dr. .Williams'    Medicine Co.,    Brockville,  Bell advised me to use MINARD'S  LINIMENT, diluted at .'first, - then  stronger, as the sores began to look  better, until, after three weeks, the  sores have, healed, and best' of all the  hair is' growing well,' and is not  white, as is most always tlie case in  horse wounds.  F. M. DOUCET.  Weymouth.  Out , or Schnectady, N.Y.  Colliers wero slaves in England up  to the year 1775.  Girls who make the greatest exertions to catch husbands are usually  last in the race.  MASH'S LINIMENT is usel By rayslclans.  Many a bachelor who plans a happy fireside of his ovvn eventually  bumps up against a so-called furnace-heated flat.  Fever and agno and bilious derangements  are positively cured by tho use of Parmeleo's  Fills, 'ihey not only cleanse tlio stomach  and bowels from all bilious matter, but they  open the excretory vessels, causing tbem to  poureopioiu effusions from tho blood into  tho bowels, after which tho corrupted mats  >-ls-thrown out by-iho-natural passage of-ths  body, Thoy nro used as a general family  medicino with tho best results.  Fortunate is the girl who loses her'  temper and nover finds it again.  How's This?  We offer Ono Hundred Dollars Reward 'or  nnv ouso et Cuturr.i taa, cannot bft cured by  Hall'o Catarrh (Juro.  _     FtJJ. CiillNUl & CO., Props., Toledo, 0.  Wo, tho undorsWnoJ hnvo Known F J,  Cheney for tlio last l."i lours, nml beliovo him  por feci ly lioiionib o in all busiuuss transactions,  and financially nblo to curry oat uny obligation  mndoby thoirfirm. - ������ _ ; ." - . .  West &Ti:i;.vx, Wholosalo Drngulits, Tolodo,  O. WAI.Ul.va, i'l!,SUA &1LU1VUIi WliOlltoUlo  Dmjurlsti, ToIcdo.O  Iln It'll Cttturrii Curo Ii taken intornnlly, act-  Ing directly upon tlm blood ami mucous mrincoi  of the t-ystmn. l'rlco lie per bottlo. bold hy  alldriinKisK T>stimoninlsfreo.  Uull's Jfauiily l'UU aru tho boat.    .        >  Were it not for tho things we are  going to do life would'not bo worth  living  HINABD'S LINIMENT LnmDerman's Fiienl  Some men seek    justice and   some  have if foiced upon them.  The only otlier animal besides man  found all over the world is tho dog.  The olive    will    live longer under  water than any other, tree.  A battery of field artillery num-  beis 162'all ranks, 110 horses, six  guns. ' "        '  No Oxford student may take his  1* A. degice until after a residence  of twelve tonus.       '���  "i on cniT~~~!t-al"Sb"~it any manjsTat-  tcntion by saj ing you dislike to on-  cioach on his valuable timo. -.  .AVe would all bo better if we could  have a chance to try to livo up to  oi.r obituary notices.  '  llo  is  fullest of  himself faultless.  fault who thinks  Many a deluge of trouble has come  out of a pink cable.  Happy Is tho man whose wife possesses moie prudence than vanity.  The white poplar can bo used as a  natural lightning rod.  Thero aie times when tho truth is  almost as disagreeable as it is sub-  .limo.  The average pace at which a thunder-storm travels is 28V4 miles . an  hour.  It  took Haivoy 20 jeais to   perfect his work of the discovery of tho  circulation of tho blood.  '' i.      I  A well-built chimney 100 feet high  will sway 3 inches to <t inches in a  high wind without any danger of  falling'  MARKET REVIEW.  WHEAT.  The Manitoba wheat trade is no  better this week than we reported  last week. Exporters' aro still doing  next to nothing, and buyers are  scarce. The American markets are  stronger, the prices for Manitoba  vvheut having remained stationary,  and at the'end of this week wo quote  values, 1 hard 74,ic, 1 northern 72c,  und 2 northern 70Jc, in storo, Fort  Wlllium or Tort Arthur clovators,  spot or Juno delivery. Later delivery than Juno is not wanted ns yet,  but iirst half July might bo sold ul  ic under June.  Liverpool Wheal���No. 1 northern  closed on Saturday at (Js W- '  FLOUR���Hungarian patent $2.15  per sack of U8 pounds;-Glenora, S2 ;  Alberta, SI.85; Manitoba, ��1.70 ;  and XXXX, S1.25.  GROUND FEED���Oat chop,' per  ton, ��29; barley chop, S24; mixed  barley and oats, $27; oatmeal feed,  $1.').50; oil cake, $30.  MILLFEED���Brnn, in bulk, is now  worth S16 per ton, and shorts SI!).  OATS���The market for oats is  quiet owing largely to light offerings.  Demand is good in this market.  Fort William prices are lower but the  local market is not changed. We  quote: No. 2.,white oats, Fort William, 41c bus.; No 1 white, .in car  lots on track,'Winnipeg, per bushel,  45c; No. 2 white, 41 to 42c; feed  grades, 38 to 39c; seed oats, 50c.  At country points farmers are getting 29c to 81c for No. 2 white" oats.  BARLEY���Movement is vory light.  We quote 46 to 48c for seed grades,  and ffi to 45c for feed, in cnrlots, on  track, Winnipeg.  HAY���Receipts are light, and tho  market is iirin at $8 to S9 per ton  for fresh baled. Loose hay is not  offering owing to bad roads.  POULTRY���The market is quiet.  Live chickens bring 70 to 75c Spe'r  pair, and turkeys are worth lie per  pound, live weight.  BUTTER���Creamery���Receipts continue to increase, but as thero is a  fairly, good shipping demand prices  hold steady at 17c per pound factory-  points.  BUTTER���Dairy���This kind of butter is now more plentiful and as  there are no old stocks on hand the  market is in a healthy ' condition.  Prices have declined again tif i.s wvl..  and we quote round lots now lie  per pound commission , basis, for  tubs', and 13c for prints. Prints arc  not wanted to any extent as they  will not keep in hot weather.  CHEESE���Commission houses are  paying 11 }c per pound for ' new  Manitoba cheese delivered here.  EGGS���The market is well supplied  with eggs. Pickling is now over,  and lower prices may follow. Buyers are still paying lOi^e per dozen  for fresh caso lots delivered here.  POTATOES��� Farmers' loads delivered in'Winnipeg, 25c per bushel.  DRESSED MEATS���Beei, city dressed, per pound, 8 to 9c;. veal, 714 to  S*.��c; mutton. 10c; spring lambs,  each S3.50 -to S4.50; hogs, per  pound, .7% to 8V&c ,  -  TALLOW���Local buyers are paying 5 to 6c per pound for tallow delivered heie, according to the grade.  Hides���No. 1 city hides, 6i/4c No.  51 ��c. No. 3. 414. Kips and calf, the  same price as hides; deakins, 25 to  40c; slunks, 10 to 15c; horso-hides,  50c to SI. 1  WOOL is worth 6&c per pound for  Manitoba .unwashed fleece.  SENECA ROOT���Tbei'market has  not opened yet. and there is nothing-  new to say. Drier weather would facilitate digging. Minneapolis dealers  are quotingi 37 to 39c delivered there.  Winnipeg dcalois have not named a  price yet. ',  TWO LETTERS  THEY PROVE THE PERMANENCY  '   OF CURES BY DODD'S KIDNEY PILLS.  Over Six Years Have Gone By and  This Cure Still Stands���Only One  of Many Such Cases.  St. Mary.s Ferry, N. B., "June 14.���  (Special)���Mr. Thomas Harrison of  this place has addressed two significant letters to the Dodd's Medicine  Co., Toronto  TIIE FIRST ONE.  St. Murv's Ferry, Dec. 18, 1895.-  1 o  Gentlemen :  1 feci it my duty to you and to  the public at" largo to tell what  Dodd's Kidney Pills have done for  me.  About one year ago I began to  suller with sevcro pains over the region of my kidneys, followed by a  very lethargic feeling.  When 1 lay down, it was torture  to get up again.  This state continued for sometime,  and all tho while I was still getting  ���weaker and losing flesh rapidly.  My appetite was very much im-  I aired, und at lust I was obliged to  call in a physician.  He gave my. sufferings a very learned namo, and' doctored me for some  time, but I got no bettor.  I called in several other physicians, but it was of no use; my sufferings got worse all the time until  I began to despair of life.  A friend advised 1110 to use Dodd's  Kidney Pills. I was very skeptical,  but was prevailed upon to commence  a. treatment; the iirst box made me  feel some better. "  I passed a stono that had formed  in the bladder.  I continued the use of Dodd's Kidney Pills until I had used three  boxes, and now believe that-1 have  a radical and complete curo, as it is  six months since I used any of the  Pills, and have had no symptoms or  return of the malady.'  1 know that my curo is due to  Dodd's Kidney Pills, 'as I used no  other medicine after commencing  their use.  Yours truly,  THOMAS HARRISON.  TIIE SECOND ONE.  St. Mary's Ferry, N. B.,  March 24, 1902.  Gentlemen-:  What I said in 1895 I can at this  moment most emphatically substantiate.  never    had    tho   slightest  of   a    return    of   my old  W. W. OCILVIE MILLING CO.  By RoyaB Warrant millers to H.R.H. THE PRINCE OF WALES  ���^  \  ���  OGILVIE'S  HUNGARIAN  THE WOlllll't BEST FAMIIY FLOUR.  OGILVIE'S  GLENORA  PATENT  TKE WORLD'S BEST BAKER'S-f LOUR.  ASK FOU OGILVIE'S.  1 have  symptom  trouble.  Yours truly,  THOMAS HARRISON.  You Want Money  MAKE WHAT YOU HAVE GO FARTHER  BY SUBSCRIBING FOR    :-:   :-:   :-:   ;���:   :-:  TIIE GLOBE  0 ,        TORONTO *  and get all the privileges of buying where you can buy the cheapest. It  will put you in close touch every (lay with "the bargains offered by the big  stores and business houses of Ontario. Take advantage of its HALF-  PRICE OFFKR and have the regular morning edition and Saturday  Illustrated go to your address if you are living west of North Bay." Reg-  ular price i?4.00 per annum. Sent to any address west of North Bay for  $'��.00 per annum and this advertisement.    Address: THE CLOBE, Toronto  In 'Jewish marriages tho woman  always stands to tho right, ln  every other nation that is the man's  place.  Cialk in the milk 'is a white ii��.  Lots of men, after laying up some-  tlun,; for a rainy day, get discouraged because it doesn't rain.  Itcnl rimml"* or .Innrclir.  Every mnn who is obeying the lavvi  of Ooti and living a Chiistian life is  doing something to dcstioy anar-  rhihiu ���United Presbyterian. 1  T       nrcnlcfust Muffln*,  A cupful of cold bollqd rice may be  added to the breakfast muffln batter.  The nm dins vvill be lighter and'better  for thib addition.  \  '  LIVE STOCK.  CATTLE���The market is bare of  cattle and anything good will bring  5}c The range is from .1 to o\c oil  tais heie. Yeurling stockcrs are  worth as high as S16 per head at  point of shipment. Two jear olds  ��20 to $22 per head.  SHEEP���Sheep are woith from oc  to 3Jc per pound, off cars, Winnipeg,  and lambs about the same.  .HOGS���Live hogs are woith now  foi best weights, averaging between  130 and 230 pounds, b\c, off cars,  Winnipeg. -. Heavy and light weights,  lc less.  ~MJLCH COWS���Cows nTe scaiceT  and good inilkeis icndily bung ��45  in tins market, the lange being fi0111  $33 to 845 each.  HORSES���There is a good demand  for horses and dealeis hnd no difficulty in disposing^of all they can  secure. The market is being hugely  supplied 'from Ontario. Puces arc  high.  BIcaly Potatoes.  If you want your potatoes mealy,  wrap a bnked one. when It is done, ln  a towel and press until it bursts.  ,. Cnrran nnd Sir Boyle Roche.  Sir Boyle Roche, a famous Irish character of a century ago, was proud of  bis alliance with an English family of  ancient lineage' nnd was fond of referring , to his titled father-in-law's  kindness in giving him bis eldest  daughter, a boast which provoked Cur-  rnn's retort, "Aye, Sir Boyle, nnd, de-  pend on It, if be had had an older one  he would have given her to you."  Whether it was this sarcasm which  provoked Sir Boyle's hostility or that  an enmity had already been created  between Roche and Curran. it is certain that the two men were perpetually  sparring at ench other in the house of  commons, as the debates of the Irish  parliament testify.  Nor was the witty advocate and orator always successful in these encounters. Curran had observed one  night, somewhat magnlloquently, that  he needed aid from no one and could  be "thc guardian of his own honor,"  whereupon Sir Boyle instantly interjected his sarcastic congratulations tn  the honorable member on bis possession of a sinecure.  Bible Translation*.  Of tbe-478 ancient and modern translations of the Bible 430 have1 been mode  by missionaries, and the annual circulation in what are known as mission  liclds Is ov er 3.230.000 volumes, lurgely  parts, but with nearly 93,000 entire  Bibles.  A Beuffar��' Exchange.  ������The���professional-beggars-of���New-  York are snid to have formed a combination, witb a clearing house bureau  and n regular schedule of assessments,  commissions and percentages.  r  Monitor Lobellns*  Every one knows the pretty blue lobelia, n garden annual _thnt hns many  good points, but uot every one is awnro  that ln Abyssinia the lobelias grow fifteen nnd twenty feet high and in the  dlstnuco look like pnlni^trees. '  Brilliant Mo��qnItoe��.  The mosquitoes found In swnmps  and damp woods nre generally more  brilliantly colored than those varieties  which frequent human habitations."  Potato Snlnd.  Ifv cold potatoes nre cut Into slices  and dressed with salt, pepper, oil and  vinegar, also, If possible, with beet  root and celery added to them, they'  make an excellent salad. Sprinkle a  little chopped parsley over the dish as  a garnish.        '  Horses Wanted  bv the British  m  Government!  Dick's Blood Purifier  for Horses.  The great tonic medicine of  the ag-c. It tones up the system, rids the stomach of bots,  worms and other parasites.  50 cents a package. Wrice  for Book on Cattle and  Horses.    77 it free.  LEEMING MILES & CO.,  AGENTS.     -    -    -     MONTREAL.  Page Woven Wire Fence  Owing to the variations of the Canadian climate,  coiulderablo allowance must bo made in bu fences  for contraction and expansion, wliich makes an ordinary wirefcncennservlccable,Bswlicnit��ci!��iias  it becomes soloose as to prove of little valne. Note  theeontlnnOMeollj^^^aS^S^thls mnkes it elastio and self-regulating. The Fage  Wira Fencaismadeof "Page" wire, wliieh is twice aa strong as ordinary trtxa. W'ces ore  particularly low thisBeiBon. 50g�� mUes of Pa ge fences now In tue. Wa alsomako Gates,  hraamentalFenceaandPonltir Netting. ThePag��WiraFenc8C8..Umll��il.Wnll<>rvlllii.0nt. 2  EOSS & ROSS, General Agents, Box 633, JVinnipeg, Mag.  Hnlden Sptecll of Mr. O. ST. Brown, M.P.  Following is The Times' report of  of tho first speech in the British  House of Commons of IMr. George  11. Brown, son of tho late Hon. Geo.  Brown of Toronto. The speech was  delivered on the . second reading of  the* finance bill, which includes tho  new grain duties.   ,The report says :  Mr. Cl. M. Brown (Edinburgh, Central), in a maiden speech, twitted  the supporters of the Government  with supporting a tax which was  protective in appearance? but whose  attributes were guaranteed as being  of the essence of free trade by its  promoters. . The tax was carefully  described as a registration duty, although it possessed none of the features of a registration duty as popularly undcrsUiod in former days. It  could not be too often insisted upon  that this vvas a tax which would fall  on the consumer, and that it was a  protective tax, though only of a  small amount. It would always remain in lean years to make the  loaf rise halfpenny by halfpenny a  little faster than it otherwise  would, do." It would- always remain in fat years to prevent the loaf  from falling halfpenny by halfpenny  as quickly as it othorwisc would do.  (Hear/hoar.) The, tax would introduce a new element of uncertainty  and speculation into the corn trade.  (Hear, hear ) He thought the Government had not fully considered the  effect of this tax on the colonies. If  thoy did not wish to encourage the  desire of tho colonics for a preferential  tariff, the only way to resist it was  to maintain freo trade in its entirety.   The only frundship foi ever   merciful to our weakness is God's.  PUL-MO  WILL CURE  difficulty of  breathing",  * tightness of  the chest, wasting' away of flesh, throat  troubles, consumption, coughs,  catarrh,  colds, pneumonia and pleurisy.  A SAMPLE FREE BY MAIL to every sufferer.  PuL-Mo is for sale by all druggists at  E1.00 per large bottle, and 15 cents for  tmall bottle, or direcf from  fHE PUL-MO CO., TORONTO, ONT.  >M'TT   TAKE  a biff cigar if you want a good one.  SMOKE  LUC1NAS  a medium size and got tnat sweet  llavor all cigar smokers enjoy*  TRY ONE. 1.   .   ." '  MASTTFACTHllKn  BT  GEO. F. BRYAN & CO WINNIPEG  The Office Specialty Mfg. Co. L". Toronto  MANOTAOTTJBBUS   Or  SHANNON FIXING CABINETS. '  . LAND DOCUMENT FIXE CABINETS,  CARD IND&X CABINETS.  Thoso Cabinet* savo timo and money.    An office not complete without them.  P. 0. BOX 383, E. R. HAMBLY,  Wlnmpog, Man. Mgr, Western Branoh  Common Congratulations.  Canada and Lord Dundonald may  both be congratulated on the choico  made of a now commander for tho  Canadian Militia. Lord Dundonald  conlirnied in South Africa a leputa-  tion  begun \rather    than    mado in  -North-Africa Thc-Canadians whose  devotion in more than ono trying  situation ho was to witness were new  to the battlefield. If Lord Dundonald has shown that thc spirit of the  ancestors who fought and died for  British supremacy in North America  survives in him, tho Canadians in tho  struggle of Bi itish supremacy i in  South Afuca ' have shown equally  that the spirit of their forboars who*  held Canada against heavy odds for  the Bt ltish Hag in 1812 is alivo for  wider if not greater service.���Saturday .Review.   Ilia Wild rlcoon Nearly Extinct  The American Jlusoum Journal reports us pi oof of tho passaire of thn  wild pigeon that that institution has  Jitllculty In securing 12 specimens of  succeeded only after a good deal of  difficulty in socui ing 12 specimens of  the hird for adding to its collection.  It was only a few yeais ago that  wild pigeons in counties!, .. number  visited tlieir regular feeding grounds  in the Middle and Western States,  and now they aie so rare that specimens are almost unobtainable. The  compiler of this paragraph lias seen  thein as -thick in a Canadian beech  sree as tho leaves themselves not so  ���very long ago. No satisfactory explanation of I tlieir virtual extinction  has been given.  Stntned Glass.  The glassmakers of Thebes forty centuries ago possessed the art of staining  'glass, and they produced the commodity iu the utmost profusion. v  CANADA AND ART.  Sir Wilfrid LanrUr's  Fr.enaat Wards aa  th�� Subject.  During the course of his reply to  the address presented to" him before  the House closed, together with his  portrait by Forbes, Sir Wilfrid Lau- '  ner, after regretting the departure of '  that great Canadian artist from the  Dominion, said  For my part, it is with some regret"  I acknowledge that pci haps the Go^-.  ernmeut might have done more than *  it  has  for    tho    encouragement. ,of",-"  native artistic    talent.    There ls  ta _j  scheme which I hav e long had in my ���  mind,   which  might serve  to encour- '  age Canadian artists.    Perhaps if we  weru to  propose somo time -in    tho  near  futine   to   have   these"  walls -  adorned by paintings repeating Canadian history and commemorating the- ,  names of Canadian artists,   such   a,'  proposition would meet with universal favor.    (Applause.)    I venture to  hope that if thc Government .brings  forwnid such a proposition my_ friend   ,  Tlr. Borden, for whose presence I am  especially   giateml. will lmd it possible to second such a motion. Some _  two  hundred years ago tlie Govern-'  ment of  thc French  monarchy instituted a way of    encouiaging nativoi  talent by establishing le Gi and" Prix  de Rome, under1 winch prues are giv-x  en to* the best students in painting, ' ,  sculpture,    architecture    and music.  They   nie   sent   to   Home for *four  yeais.  theie   to    study thc art.   toy  which they are especially to    devote   f  themselves.    Feilmps this would   be ���_  too  ambitious  a scheme  for   young- '  Canada to undeitnkc.    But if something of  tho Kind  weie proposed   I  think the Canadian people would respond geiteiously *   ' ���  Two washings with Sunlight  Soap wear the linen less than  one wash with common soap.  REDUCES  EXPENSE  Alk for the Octagon Bar  90}  W. N. U. No. 381.  All the space between the cradle N  and the grave is' filled with unccr- "  tainty. *-       , ,  ���',���-��" THE INDEPENDENT.  Rh  .1  m  I  I  (���)  -   -         ..,n      nnln ��  ��� s ���  Full particulars, are,appearing; in the Daily Papers.  New lines uie being added   to    keep    the Sale moving  in smart  form.  Friday  we put on sale a great collection of  Blouses at your choice for $1.  otlier labor  successfully pursue  The   bricklayers'  strike at Kalamazoo, Mloh.,  lias  ligation, w<hiioh it has  rom the start.  and     carpentera'  been  6. W. KENNEDY'S,  (Successor to Scott ��, Kennedy)  303 Blastings Street,       Vancouver, B. C.  ... shoes  Ladies and Gentlemen will  find our stock complete.  "We want your business.  Give us a call.  IHE PATERSON SHOE CO., LD  301-Hastings St.  SEWS OFTHE LABOR WORLD I*;  i"  ���X "-.; CANADIAN.  ..*'.'.-'   /:   ....  "��� The electrical workers at'Montreal are  considering the 'question of 'establishing a sick benefit fund. :  .',, Thirty-five machinists are en route  Irom Scotland to take the'places of  strikers In the ���Kingston, locomotive  works, yy,.  W. H. Taylor, of Windsor, vvho;vvas  Waoklisted by "the'G.'T, R., lias entered suit against that company..tit .-.St.  Thomas. ... c:  It is expected  that 20.000 harvesters  Will 'be. required in Manitoba this year.  Over, 17,000 were brought from the. east  ' last year.  The Ottawa : Typographical, Union  has decided to invite the'International  union to hold its next ..convention; In  that city.      _ ., v  \   General Manager McNichol,   of    the  C.P.yE.,-has loft Montreal on Ms annual tour of  inspection  of  the  company's line.^.   :.  /l -'Alii.    Jury,    Canadian    Immigration  ':' agent 'in; I,i venpool I tor  the  Doaiitiion  I. government.' is on a visit to Manitoba.  and'iBhe Northwest. Xyyl^r-y'H'i X-['  '"':[ Sailors are.''brought up . daily before  the; police:.court-at ."Montreal.Icharged  with;; deserting; ships. ��� Besidesy.several  .   cscaiped to the otlier ��ide.  The C. P. F.. may have to charter an  ���'��� .extra steamer to.handle the increased  ���'..'.' ivoluihe of freight that Is going through  to the Northwest .from the east, y (. .  .   At a recent meeting ot the Bricklayers' unioriof.Toronto-it ;wasdecided, to  .withdraw the delegates recently, elected  ;to the hew labor ibody, the Toronto District Council. : The reason of this' witli-  > drawal was hot made public.    ���;.;"..,  "The.'folldvvins. officers 'have Ibeen elect-  ������'���:'. ed I toy-. the . Victoria: -Bakers^;',union:  ' ii President;,J. G. = Thompson; vice-presi-  y" yde'ht;. .E. :h. '.Hanbwich; "flnanclalTslecrj-  ';.Itafy,'G. W/ Strickland; r'ecordlng-see-  '���'."���'���retary, ' F.>iA.y Grahani;'. treasurer, C.  ivBrown; .sergeant-atTarms,,AV. IX. Earl.  vi'l '.The' carriage and wagon makers.'of  i ntorontd have completed their organiz-  'U atlon as an association. ,. The'following  ?.: officers were! elected: y President, '��� 3.  i;:i>lxoni';vice-presldent,.F.;.Sw"eet; secre-  >.''���' tary, James-MeCiirra.il r treasurer, S. J.  ; Brown; cor.������.'secretary,W. Irying;Vau-  ,;��� ditors, Ry Gardiner, B. Webster.;;.  At a recent meeting of the stonema-  ; .sons at Montreal'(JAP.ilon: Presiding)  ^-.nT1-intprpstlngJncldent^occurredi3\;hon_  ���the' list:of newly elected, officers was  I'l read by.'.'the-'secretary, .Mr. Char'trand,  ;who ,had': "been , ejected flrst'yice-,pre3i-  : :. dent, arose and stated that as all the  .'i ��� olilcars. whd had 'been elected to exccil-  ;.;. ' tive positions were of French natlotinl-  ���'���"'���' lty,.and as ;a. number, of their active  A members   were   English-speaking, -he,  holding the opinion that International  ���ado unionism knew no creed, race,  or color, desired' to resign Ills position  in order that an ex-vice-president, Mr.  John Smith, an'active English-speaking  representative, should be appointed.  This announcement .was received with  loud cheering by the nieiiibers, of whom  three-quarters vvere French-speaking.  Mr; Smith was accordingly called to the  vice-chair.  A local .branch of the United Brewery  Wonkers' union was established at Toronto last week, witto a membership of  nearly 300. -The" officers elected were:  President, John Rutl'edge; , vice-president, Denis Brecken; treasurer, John  Winters; cor. secretary/Dave'.Walsh;  rec. secretary, W. A. Cook; financial  secretary, James Ralph;'asst. financial  secretary, W. Kobb; trustees, John  Eagan.'AV. T. Jenkins and John. Mc-  Grogan. ".' ��� '���'���' ������  The Brotherhood of Locomotive En-  girieers of North America met in annual  session last'"'week'.".;.' at .Toronto. About  30,0 delegates were In .attendance from  all parts of the United States, Canada  and Mexico. The report of the Insurance department shows that the department ihas a membership" of about 30,000.  The1 average; monthly payment-in adjustment of claims, for the past year  has 'been, about. $75,000. The total  amount 'Paid for tiie ; disability.'.and  death claims up to 'May 1st, 1902; was  $10,099,947.      . . iXyll'i;';    ������'���[  settled. The men won on an elght-  liour ���day at'the old scale of 45 cents  an hour.  Members of the Typographical  union of Providence, who are'seen  riding lu the street cars ot the company, whose operators are out on  strike, aro fined $1.  The International Ladles' Garment  Workers' union, lit Its recent'convention In'New* York, adopted .strong reso-  lultuo.s ln favor ot the abolition of tin.  wage system and endorsing the principles of socialism.  Shingle weavers' unions haive recently organised' at Marysville 'and Edmonds. Unions of the same craft are  also under way at Blaine and Llttlo  Hock, Wash.  Unless the railroads entering Omaha  Oigree to a schedule .presented by tht  freight handlers, thereWill probably be  a general strike. The men have madi  demands for an increase of half a eeni  an hour and recognition of theli  union, which has been j-efused up ti,  this timo.  Secretary Wilson, of the United Mine  Workers, states that the 'membership  of that organization ls now 232,289,  making it"thc largest single labor organization In the United- States. The  United Mine Wonkers paid J202.920.07  for strike 'benellts to its members last  year.  The Oregon State Federation, in addition to the aid given it by the A-.P.  of Li. and Its organisers, has put its  president Into She Held to work also,  and his recent trip south from Portland vvas a triumphal trip. Nearly  every town visited was organized and  the total results of tlie trip amounted  to over a dozen' new unions.  fijom'san FRAXCKCO.  Retail Clerks' Protective Union N'o 432,  vvill banquet tlie Kxocutivo Hoard ot the  American Federation oi Labor.  Two hundred and ten grocery clerks  here liave signed an applicateon to this  International Union for it charter. .The  nevv union vvill shortly he instituted. ���  Organized labor lias decided upon n  parade and a literary and iniiS'iciil entertainment on Labor Day at tlie Chutes,  followed by 'fireworks nnd a hall in tho  evenint;. It is expected thut over '.'.'",000  vvill he it line.  Tlie Hoard of Works .a few days iijjo  derided to pay tlio carpenters in tlie  employ of the department $.-100 a day  hereafter inslead of ifll.oO.  A llootlilaok.s V'liionliiisbet'iiorganiseil  with III) lneniliers. Tlie union will endeavor to shorten the working hours of  ils ineuil>er.s from fourteen or sixteen as  nt prc-i-iit, tu ten. The price of a shine  will remiiii at 5 cents.  The conference committee of tho  Lalior Council, the City Trout Feileration  and the liuildiiig Trades Council at nt  a meeting held Sunday afternoon agreed  upon a plan for securing harmony of  action among the labor organizations.  A plan for organiziiigonoceiitralliibor  boily was also Tonuuliited.  Tlie iron Trades' Council has appointed  a cnmiuitteo to make arrangements for  a mass meeting at Metropolitan Temple  on Thursday evening, July 25th, iu honor  of .lames O'Connell, president of tlie  International Association of .Machinists  who will be there vvith thc other members  of llie executive board of the American  Federation'of Lalior.  lis no more a Bargain than a T.  #65 Cleveland Bicycle at ��45.   ^.  Wo havo Just a limited number of   both   Ladles'   and   Gent's ���'  Models���1901 make���regular $65.00 wheels, whioh go while they last 4^ ���  af $45.00.   This ls the greatest wheel bargain ln years.  | Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. |  T SOLE AGENT T  Tbe Salt  I of Life  is business. Wo want more of  1 it. We'll get it if un out and out  ' bargain will fetch it.  How li This'  A two-quart-  I-Jot Water Bottlo  or  Fountain Syringe.  75c/'  ������  1 The McDowell, Atkins, ������-���     |  I      Watson (lo., Lid. Liability |  �� UP-TO-DATE DRUGGISTS. ���'���   ��  y X THE UNITED STATES. '.' ."',.'.:  Tri& waiters and.bartenders recently  organized at Olympla, "Wash.  .. Dan Connors..;a." railroad' brakenian,  has be��n elected Mayor of Wallaiee.  Idaho. ���";���.  ���"������' New-York leads all other cities In  the Unitedjstates.;ln.theimdtterof highi  wages'for 'Unskilled labor, i. Ayf.y 7  7 Edward j. .Fogarty, a member of the  Brickmasons"union,, has been elected  Mayor bf South'Bend, Ind. yHy. '.���'���'  The Clerks'y'yUnion' ,'of "What'com,  "Wash-., has1 successfully " inaugurated  itheC o'clock, closing movement."  A.' chureh.'\��or organized labor in  wailoh-denomination,;..;will". not .he con .  sldered is-to be .established at Marion,  aind.v'���-.. iii' \l-'-i'''i' :':'i ���'"���"��� 'xl'-i*  The'strike of GOO molders, coreniak-  ers,-and;'(helpers'at the American Steel  Foundry, at Granite",City, :I11.,' has been  settled by arbitration. ,' .-,.'-,' ���:.';X'  Carpenters at Cedar Bapids, itovva,  made a demand for/a nine-hour, day  at=ten-houi"^i-ate=of=.wages,=i=aiid=vvon  without a strike. -7  .' If the plans undertaken hy t'he labor  unions' of Astoria prove successf'Ul.  ���there "will be a labor ticket in flie Held  at the coming December city election.  The'Siyitciuneii's. union was organised  lu Spokane a few days ago by XV.��� C.  Welsh, ,the general organlzei", of Ohi-  cugo. The nevvbodij" iiiimbeis 25 members. , '.qi���.:.;[������':.��� '���;������"-..'    .     -y    -'i.i ������ ���  Governor Beckham of Kentucky has  appointed Andy' T.udvvlg, of l/inlsVlHe,"  and yu'illliim Young,, of Covington,' factory inspectors...'.'��� Both of these geiitle-  meii are trade unionists. '������;,.  . Organized Iron molders of New York  and vicinity announce that thoy gained  a peaceful victory, 2,200 of their number having been granted the nine-hour  day through arbitration proceedings between representatives of the union.  The' Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers in national convention at  Norfolk, Ya.. decided to 'decline the  Invitation from the American Federa-  ,tlon of La'bor for an amalgamatloii of  ���tbe two 'organization's/" The Engineers'  Brotherhood is "satisfied to coirtinue .tlie  Policy of,working independently of any  BRITISH AND FOREIGN.  Copenhagen ('Denmark) holds the  strongest vvoaien's trade union In tho  world. ���;.;������������  The boot and' shoe operatives at Leicester, Eng., 'have opened a new trade  union hall. It cost ��0,000, and) will  seat 700ipeople. ':-. "\.'���' "���  The situation in Gibraltar is becoming more acute than ever. The bakers have now left work in sympathy  with the other locked-out trades and  against the rules which the employers'  federation are seeking to Impose on the  men. . '������'" ������ ...  At a conference dt South "Wales and  Jlonmouthshive miners recentlvrit was  decided that six months' notice to terminate 'the sliding scale agreement  would .be. y given Immediately. There  were 229 present, representing 142,750  .miners;;^;'7' ..",..':'''.���. ''-ii.'"--::. yXy,.i.-:y-  ' ..'.Arrangements- have been 'combleted  for the erection of extensive additions  to the Sydney trades hall. -'This'-!work  lias jbe'eome. necessary" ovvlng ; to: the  contiiiually Increasing demand, for! accommodation consequenti , upon! :the  targe increase7 In the number of ,neiv  unions. ��� ';'        ������> ry  ., At a demonstration! of Lothian miners at 'Musselburgh .'.resolutions .wero  adopted.condemning the continued imposition of the coal tax, urging the necessity for.an agitation in favor of the'  eiglit-ho'ur '(niiners), bill and in'" favor  of payment of members, and calling for  the nationalization of .miners'and mitiT  erals. ;��� ���' .        '���-,���.    - The 12th annual report of the"Dock,  Wharf, Riverside and General Workers' union has been issued!by General  Secretary Ben Tillett.'/.and shows that  the union Is making good progress, the  income for the year amounting to "��$,-  314 18s ^ 'i-2d;;'and-,'the expenditure to  ��ij,97S 15s 6 l-2d, leaving; a balance' oit  ��1,336 2s 9d. ��� The membership Is also  satisfactory.-  ;  The dispute in tlie engineering trade  ofs^Dublln'=has=.beeh=pai;tially=s5ttlei3���  All the contract shops, jvith'.the excep.  tion of one, have conceded the men's  demand of an Increase In wages of 3s.  per week. Several private Arms have  also, granted-the-Increase, and tliere Is  reason to believe that others will soon  como to an amicable arrangement with  their men: but so far. all .-'.-tho efforts  .made, to bring about a settlement between the railway companies and their  employees on 'strike have proved Ineffectual.   ...  ACROSTIC.  Respectfully dedicated to .  Ease up old pard,  your  tongue: wags  much too freely;  Unless you curb  It,  some day It may  really  Get you Involved in scrape or scrap or  something:  Explaiiilng  which will keepjyou Just  - a humping;  Never let zeal outriivel your discretion,  Except dead sure that you're the whole  "aiocesslon.  "Venl vide, vicl���all same Censar.  Done, dead and d d. the B. C- P.!P.  P., Sir.  Enter the real "class conscious" "fin de  siecle "  Bang up, tvven centlst, Marxian, so to  soeak  Socialist party, an' let freedom shrlelt.  ���DAG'ONET.  Hardwood Manteis  Of the Latest Designs Just Arrived.  We are sorry to havo kept you waiting for this lot, tout wc know It will, pay  you as they are a beautiful collection; ,  Solo agents for the Dawson Beauty .Grates.-���-  An expert Tlle Setter to place* Tiles, etc.  Show room second Iloor,  McLennan,  McFeely & Co.  ���Phone 44.  122' Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 1063.  J  ' vve  Colored Shirts  for 65c  ��� Our east window is full of COLORED    SHIRTS,    which  clearing at 63c each. �� i  There Is a splendid range of colors, patterns and sizes, and they  ���will sell quickly at that price.   Better see about this at once;  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ��> CO. ���  ��� 104 and 106 Cordova. Street.  Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., 0|i|>. Wm. Ralph's.  KELLY, DOLOLAS & ���0.  WHOLESALE GROCEHSj  Cordova and Water-Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  [jgf- Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  Empire baking powder, 16-6z. tins,  only 25 cents: this powder is giving  great satisfaction. Sold only by The  City Grocery Company.  Ay/A.t/ AVt'AM.A^AM/A>|.A.|.A^.A.|.AH'4VAyAJ'AYATA'l/AYA'VAV'AYilNf  MA1EE A-MOTION AT THE NEXT  MEETING OF TOUR UNION.TO.INSTRUCT THE SECRTARY TO COMMUNICATE THE NEWS CONCERNING YOUR CRAFT TO THE INDEPENDENT.  NO-HEFLECTION! ON SOCPAiLISM.'  A correspondent wants to'.-'iknow how  it is that some of 'ourleadliigysocJaJIsts  who are so opposed to Individual ovvn-  ershlp,: sell unearned' increment by the  square mile when they can Hnd buyers  toipay- their ' coni'iiiissioris yhs..real estate ..arid, money 'brokers.- .We think It  is: because. the individual is more practical than,theoretical. Until people become "class conscious"'and'dive up to  It, sucli. things are bound to come up-  even In Uie ibest regulated socialist so-  eleties.':'.:-,-,'''���: ;. ..' '."',. 'J;i,i'[.-'     AAiiAj.-';.  i.pay upyyour.suhSBrlptlon toythe.In-  dependent. It dtoeshot cost you much  and you should, not hesitate about glv-  . Ing your support "readily to a labor, pa-  Der. '��� ..-��� 'xii .'.'������������-.. "i":.;;';.;:' yjli-  The Poor Workman  y ���     / ,  .  Is known  ljy   his  poor tools.   ��� Good workmen  buy   good tools/but,;thevbest workmenV  will   have .nothing   but   the'best .that  are^  made.    Wei.: keep   both  kinds   of .tools.    We  keep    EVEUYTIUNC*   THAT   IS  MANUFACTURED    in  the line of Hardware, Cutlery and Tools.  Telephone 432. -  Vancouver Hardware Co.,  PHONE I220A.  WANTED.  WANTED���TO . BORROW "10ft FO P.  'six months; good security given. A.  Z���. The Independent.,  .   if":. ;.';, ':' ���,  iieiiiaiiil is tlie inntliur of work anil oi  Mart's. Di'inaml union prodtiuts ami  union men ami union women vvill liave  more work and decent living wages.  K:isc;il.s in politics and lots of 'em lull  wu don't soo any one keeping out of the  game on tluil account.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J- Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  C. Ellis,' corner Camhio and Cordova streets," ia the place you can get  your hair cut in an artistic manner.  aro wanted to'.work at the Pioneer Laundry, to whom good wages will bo paid;  'working, days of nine hours with ton  hours' ipay: permanent. work .10 good  workers; every provision nnailc for tho  conifort -of" employees; lots of windows  to admit fresh air and a big fan to. circulate. It tlioiighout the entire building.  The sanitary arrangements are perfect;  absolute-cleanliness and perfect order  nro maintained: tlio work Is agreeable  and not laborious.' Pioneer Steam Ijuiiii-  di'V. 010-9M HlehanlH Street,"  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of work in this line prompt-  ly'attended to.  THE PIONEER  THE  PEOPLE'S  LAUNDRY  TH13-  ' LAUNDRY  'THAT  LAUNDERS  EQUAL  TO ANY  'LAUNDRY  IN        '   ���  CANADA  OR .THE  UNITED     ���  STATES.  HOTEL NORTH VANCOUVER.  A delightful simimor , roBort;. strictly  llrst-clfis'H and up-to-date In ovory respect.  Terms. *���" per day, *I0 per week: special  rates for families. Saddle ponies, horses  and rlKS always on hand for visiting the  Canllano, well known for IU excellent  fishing nnd shnqtlng. noats for hire any  time. .Band every Sunday afternoon.  lln . P. LA11SO-N, Prop.  |    DELBCaOlid WINE    j  <*    Made Excmjsivki.v from B. C. Fruit.    J  FRESH CUT KI.OVVEKS.  UNION-MADE 2  ..,���          DOMESTIC CIGAItS. 9  Q       When niHkliiR n trip nronnd tho \t  O                        Park call-on' O  2   *4/    H   .|Ani>c Brockton Point Q  O   TT�� We ��fOlJ~"*��      Lightlioiise g  SsooaaoeaoasaeooaooaasoeoS  Steam Laundry  ' PnoNB 310. 010 -1)14 KtciiAitDB St  Downtown Offick, No, 4 AitcABB.  ,      WtllTr   HtLP  ONLY.  Parcels called for: and delivered.  '��������������'���.���������"�����������������  "Look, Look, LoiikOiil,"  We examine your eyes and .test  them by the most scientific  methods nnd prescribe the proper  glasses to aid failing sight or to  . correct defects of -.'vision;. :Theu  we lit the lenses to your eyes '  and the    frames'; to   your face. ���  _Coine~nnd���have-yuur-eyes���ex���  amined by "Mr." Allan'our doctor,of optics." We guarantee to  suit you In 1 all respects-  DAVBDSON BK@&.,  tlhe Jewelers and Opticians,  146 Cordova St.'  ��� ������^���������^���^^ 0999^&  Table Cutlery  Just now we have soihe speclnl of-"  ferlngs In Table Cutlery of all kinds.  Dinner nnd Dessert Knives and  Forks.  Tea; Dinner "and Dessert Spoons, and  a:**,ull line of CARVERS.  This is a real Cutlery, snap.  R. G. BUCHANAN if* CO.  . 1  ���     CROCKERY AND HOUSE FUllMSIIINaX,  Tolcphono M-5. ���109 Ilimtlngii Streot.  A  GEO. HAY  Vancouver's    I'lonccr    Clothes  ��� Renovator,-. makes n null now.  Dyeing and Repairing.  216 Oambik St., Vancoover.  ���  SNIDER'S SHOE STORE  G32   GRA-NVILLE    STREET,  Carries a full line of  UNION LABEL SHOES.  The ��� "Union   Laibel   gua.rantees   fair  wages and good workmanship..  No scab labors /;.  JS&aL

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