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The Independent Oct 4, 1902

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 legislative IJbr-y Mar. U[al*  9  p  il  THE  ROYAL  BANK  OF  CANADA  . . SAVINGS   BANK . .  IA, General -r��t.it1ti8' Buslnees          TnuiBaoted.  OFFTCBB-iHastlnga   Street,   W���  Brostmlnster Avenue, Vancouver.  VOL. 6.  d. c. permanent loan and  SAVINGS CO.  Authorized Capital - ?10,000,COO  bubarrlbed Capital.  -  1,��0U,(XU  Atsols Over  -    ?   --300,000  Head Office, 321 Cambie Street,  Vancouver, B. C.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1902  tae piioem mum.  The following nro the charges in full  prepared by W. H. Bauibury and Phoenix Trades Council nguinst the Dominion Trades Congress and Knlph Smith.  They should be carefully read by  ��vcry workingmun in th? Brovinco who  , is at nil familiar with affairs. Coiu-  ;Bicnt is unnecessary:  ' Pikknix, ...U. C, August 21), liX)2.  3ar. P. M. Draper, Secretary Trades nnd  Labor Congress of Camula:  Dkaii   Sir  and' Bkotiikii,���Wo have  "your letter of thu 20th instuiit, and another of June otherwise undated, tho  2 otter in resiionse to  certain   charges  juado   by   tliis   council   iigainst    tlio  ^Executive of the   Trades   and   Labor  ���Congress of Canada.  Wo will deal with contents of the lat-  rler further on.  Wo are directed to inform you tlint  Ilio Trades and Labor Council of Piucnix  .lias decided to withdraw from alliliation  with your congress, for the present nt  sll events, and to send no delegate to  JBerlin, because we believe that the  congress, as nt present constituted, is  jratlier an appendage of a capitnlibtic  j) arty than a body devoted to tlio ad-  *v ancement. of tho interests of the  -working people of Canada.  This, wo believe, applies somewhat  largely to the rank und file of accreditud  c delegates, hut more especially to the  executive oilieers and leading spirits of  thc organization. Before going into  details it is well to assure tho congress  that none of tlie members of our council,  and especially tliote wlio have taken the  i nitiutive in tliis matter, havo any axe  togrind; nonuof us, to far as we are  aware, liave c\ en a personal acquaintance  with any of the officers of your congress,  but we are actuated solely by an exalted  regard for tho wellare and tlie interests  of organized labor and of the workers  jgouerally: and because wc believe tliat  it is of tlie highest importance tliat  labor sliould be represented by leaders  who are utterly unseliish and who aro  / under-the threat of no intimidation.  In your letter, before mentioned, you  challenged us to prove that the  president of your congress, IMr. Kalph  ilniith, M.l\, lias acted us illiberal partisan and in anj' other wuy than as an  independent la Dor representative.  tn reply wo allirm that it isnotonly  jiot difficult to prove theso charges, but  .  en the contrary nothing could bu easier.  Mr. Smith, tested by his record in tlie  liouse at Ottiimi, will be found to,have  ���Jjcen less "independent" than a number  sf members who arc undoubted liberals.  Again, from tlie Atlantic to tho Pacitic,  Paiph Smith was looked upon us the man  .most likely to get tho cabinet portfolio  -which was to bo given to liritish Coliiin-  liiii, and tliis when tliere'was no whisper  of a coalition between the, liberals and  tho labor party.  Moreover, where in history has a government with the strong majority tliat  the liberal party has, ever proposed to  modify its platfqrni to accommodate two  members (that being the strength of  the labor party in tlie dominion house}'/  The only reasonable explanation is  that Sniiih was and is considered a  liberal by that party.  In confirmation of tliis wu might say  that in taking the stump for thc  liberals during the Ontario elections,  lie (Smith) could only do so as a liberal.  lie, received neither directions nor  authority from any labor source. In  ihis action he wns acting in direct  opposition to the resolution of the Trades  Congress, you quoted in your letter,  advising all lubor organizations to take  independent political action. Again,  during the ' last general dominion  elections one of the leading liberals of  NO. 2.  BV C. took the a'tump for Smith.  Smith's policy as an "independent" is  to stand between tho two great parties  aud use every opportunity without  compromising hinibelf and his party, to  aceuro legislation favorable to thu  working class.  Tliis he has not done, but rather ho  Juts allied (or shall we say sold?) liini-  jjolf to tlie party in power.  To defend this courso ho will havo to  admit tlmt lie could uot be independent;  aind this goes to prove our argument.    -  Another proof that Smith is not an  independent labor representative, is tliu  fact that lie was, both at tiio Ottawa  congress and at tho ono lield nt J>raiu��  ford, hand and glove with tlio liberal  .politicians:   At, Ottawa   with   Mulock  And Laurier, wlio attended tlio congress  and  banquet, and   with   O'lConoghuo,  Glockling, Appleton, Dubruiul, Match,  Plant, and the drove of oliicoholding and  Kni ghta of Labor delegates to your congress from Montreal and Quebec, wlio  up to tlio present,' have controlled tho  tfongrees.    We arc informed upon good  authority, that thero are nbout twonty  oflice holders under tho liberal goverineut, nnd twenty more Knights of Lnbor  delegntes whoso fares nro pnid by tho  politicians and who always voto at tho  behest of Fitzpatriolt and Dnbriiiel.  Tho fact admitted by himself tlmt  he (Kalph Smith) carried a pass over  tho Cannd mi Pacific railway,- shows  that his general principles nro open to  question, especially when his mileage  is paid by the Ottawa government.  A man who debauches himself by receiving favors from tho most powerful  monopoly in Canada,; is not likely to  bo a. disinterested champion of.labor  in any disputo with! that corporation  or any otlier. We submit that for  that reason alono ho is -nn unfit person to stand at the hcud of organized  labor .in^ Canada.  Again, if, as you say in your letter,  the congress hus, at various times,  passed resolutions advising tlie workers to tako independent political action on class conscious lines, why is it  that your president, and so many of  tlio otlier lcuders of the organization,  tacitly support, or even identify themselves, wilh a capitalist government,  which has repeatedly shown itself antagonistic to our interests as wage-  earners? Witness thc Rossland strike.  Your statement that-the congress has  been in e.vistenco for twenty-eight  years, wliich you mako as an evidence  in ils favor, suggests to us that political wire pullers havo controlled it  too long, or it would have done moie  for tlioso it claims to represent. Compared with tlio "labor parties of Australia and New Zealand, it is n pitiful  institution, nnd wo say that in sorrow  and in anger.  In all events it shows that, time  enough lius elapsed to exhibit the necessity for a-radical alteration of cither tho personnel, or tlio methods, or  both, of your congress.  An institution should be .udged by  its achievements, and .it is beyond  question that the average worker  in Canada to-day has less independence nnd less security in his employment than ho hnd when the fust congiess was convened in 1S73.  We would point out further, that  your reply to our letter shows inconsistency. In ono part you state  that tho plulforin of the Provincial  Progressive party of B. C. ,is so similar to that of tiio Trades Congress of  Canada thnt it looks as if it hud  been copied.  Then a few paragraphs further on  you in'akc tho assertion that your con-  gross will continue its useful career  long after the Provincial Progiesshc  puity has passed into well deserved  oblivion. As wo hold no brief for the  P. P. 1'. wc would not deny that tlio  latter,pait of the assertion mny bo  prophetic, and further we beliovo thai  your congress may havo a similar fate  if it continues on tho lines tlmt havo  distinguished it in the pastt, and it it  persists in its efforts ta harmonize tho  interests of cupilnl and labor.  It might as well t(ryi to hnrino)��i/e  the inteiests of tlio wolf and the lamb,i  and is tantamount to tho effort to  huiiuonuo right and wrong. We rc-  uflirni what wo said befoie, that any  la'bor leader who asserts or implies  that tho inteiest of tho capitalist  and laborer aro identical aud capable  of being harmonized, is cither grossly  ignorant or wilfully guilty of* an attempt to tluow dust into the eyes of  tho rank and file of tlie workers. Yet  this is the attitude assumed by your  president, Ralph Smith, und by yourself in tho opening words of the'official  book of the Tiades and Labor Congress ^ of_ Canada uiicI_uiidcr_tlie_hcn'L  of "Greeting," to-wit:  "To educate as iue as possiblo tho  ciaftsmen of oui organization to a  better feeling iu tho success of their  employers und to make the employe  feel that tho employer's success is necessary to thoir advancement, both in  wages and iu tlie craft in wliicu they  nio engaged, and vice vei-.a." Then  further on "You trust Lo hnve tho best  wishes und support of tliu manufacturers and merchants and geneinl public."  political action on thcir own account.  Tho columns of tho Nanaimo V Freo  l'rcss are responsible for tho statement  that tho coal company, of which James  Dunsmuir (premier,of IS. C.) is one  of tho principal owners, has been lately in tho habit of stopping tho union  dues out of tho men's wuges, and it is  suid that it this hnd not been done  tho union would hnvo died a natural  death. This, it inferred,' was done iu  the interests of Mr. Kalph Smith, wlio  by tlio way, is Dunsmuir's .brother-i  law. This being tho case it is cusil  conceivable that tho congress, thro|ig  its accredited oilieers und president,  has interfered to the ' extent of pro  venting thut union from sending a  deleguto to tho politcul convention at  Kamloops. The hitler surmise is emphasized by a newspaper assertion, to  that clicct, unci we onlv j-ivo it ,for  what it is worth. In this-.-.connection  it is significant that in spite oi ,-ihe  cffoits of certain interested parties to  got Cnnadian locnl unions to siv.i  their connection with the American federated bodies, tho Nanaimo Mineis'  union hus applied for ulliliation wiili  the Western Federation of Minors ami  .severed their connection with your congress.  It is, also, a fact, that tho union in  question huvo, like ourselves, refused  to send a delegate to vour congiess  for tho renson in pait that they weie  not ofiicially asked to do so. The invitation to do so was sent to Mr.  Smith's newspaper, tho Nanaimo Hc:-  ald, and not to the Mineis' union, ll  this is not evidence of wire pulling,  what is it?  Before wo closo this letter, which is  necessarily rather long, -ic wjiild iiko  lo ask for some information. Soilc  months ago wo received from you a  copy of u woik of art, entitulcd 'Official Book Trades and Labor Congiess  of Canada." It may also be called a  triumph of tho printer's skill; cover iu  cream and gold, and scarlet lettering,  coated book paper, 51 pages, including  advertisements, small quarto size, nnd  22 half-tone engravings. ^  Tho principal object of this book  seems to bo to give prominence to the  leading spirits of the congress, whoso  portraits and laudatory biographical  sketches are almost the only noticeable fcul;uc of the publication; any  other object that tho volume might  servo could be filled by a booklet  costing say Bo a hundicd. The edi'.ion  in question could nol havo L.��i��n published hero, in tho west for much less  than P3, or say, SI a volume, and unless paid for by tho advertisements, it  was nn unjustifiable cxpeiidilmo uf (he  funds of the congiess. .v  It seems not unlikely, however, that  tho edition was printed by the government at the public expense, iu which  the government no doubt received a  quid pro quo from the oilieers of the  congress or tho Independent Labor  party in tho relinquishment of sdme  principle of more impoi tanca to the  working people of Canada than this  expensive bauble. Wc would bo glad  to hour tho history of Iho whole transaction. As lo our having gios-iy insulted the congress, as you say, we  will remark that if wo did not believe  thut there is in lhe congress ly majority  of upright and conscientious men, we  would not havo taken the trouble and  pains lo set theso mutter beioie them  und in those men lie tbe hopes of tho  country.  AVe believe it is high lime that  thc bona lides of certain parli-.m oflicers and delegates should bo discussed and if any are weighed and found  wanting, their places should be lilled  wiili"_clear-h"eadecl7_upiight  champions  organization; secondly, ho is morally  unfit to occupy so high a position, and  for the third reason, he is either too  ignoiunt or too disingenuous to bo allowed to spcuk on labor questions with  tlio authority and piestige which sui-  rotinds the president and poutiIV of  Canadian labor. So much lor tlm  head of tlio executive.  To deal with tho other forces of corruption wo would suggest thut an or-  diuuneo bo passed thut no person  should bo eligible ; as a deleguto, (or  al all events, to vote) who is holding  any oliico under any capitalistic government or party, whose employment  is likely to bo endangeicd by taking  hostile action against such government  or party.  Also that no peisou should be eligible ns a dolcgato whose faro and expenses aro nol paid by tho union or  central labor body wliich lie repiosents  or who travels on a pass given liy u  corporation or government unless such  puss cun bo claimed under un existing  law or regulation. Also that no person shull be eligible as a delegate who  is unable to get elected by the trades  union repicsenting his special culling  in tho place neaiest to where ho ' u>-  sides. (Tlie latter would- bar a great  number, if, not all thc delegates of the  Knights of Lubor.)  .������This latter seems to be the source of  tho abuse of which tlie Fedui-  ated Trades Council of ''Montreal ���: is  complaining;  TRADES m LABOR COUNCIL  President Lnuirick presided nl Thursday night's meeting of the Trades and  Labor Council. Sccretury Cross was  also in his placo.  Tho lettor of the Civic Employee*'  union regarding tlie matler <u' proposed, amendments to the city charter  lo placo nil public works under tho  control of commissions, wns 'referred to'  tlio parliamentary committee.  The secretary was instiucted to write  to tho city council infoiniing thein of  the fact that there was in this city a  union of civic employees, und also le-  quesliiig recognition of the same by  tho city fathers".  The matter of formation of sa labor  bureau in connection wilh the tiades  council, was referred to tlio different  unions for consideration.  The secretary was instructed to writq  to the British Columbia Broom and  Biush compuny asUiug wholhei that  fnni intended to run a union concern.  Its l-oqucst that thc workingmen of  the city patronize homo industiy was  referred to the unions.  Union men uio lcquested to pationi'ze  only union,made tobacco aiid cigarettes. Tiie goods of thc American Tobacco company and the Empiio company aio not union-made.  P. Atkinson was appointed a nieuibei  song in Lubor Hull on Tuesday evening. Short addic-,ses on labor topics  wero interspersed with vocal and instrumental selections and u very enjoyable time wus spent. Another open  meeting wilt bu held <m October 13,  when .1. Vi. Bolden will aiv'e a talk on  "The British in Egypt." The union  finds these open meeting a splendid  means of reueliing those outside of tho  orirnnizution.  The. building trades  keep fairly busy.  ���OUR UViC S0L03S.  Last Monday night when Citv Clerk  McGuignn came to the letter of Chief  Noith, Aid. Wylie objected to it being  icud on tho giounds that tho lilies  provided for differentprocedure/ Tho  letter''recommended.' that Acting- Sergeant Hanis be dismis-ed fiom the  police force; und that the 'police court  clerk be cmpoweicd to older ull supplies for tho city jail.  Somo Aldeimun���Read it.  His Woiship���The cleik will  iead it^  and until these refoims*0f  tho  parliamentary  committee,  vice  uro made the Trades Council of  Phoc-jW.  Brand resigned,  nix,    B.  C, cannot in justice, to    iis,  principles, , .recognize' //' the? so-called  Trades and Labor' Congress of "Canada;/ Wc think that the foregoing will  show'.''whether the resolution you j refer  to .as bombastic, and egotistical is so  or'not,; and 'wo..will: let the assembled  delegates in: your congress judge as to  that matter. VI forgot, to'mention that  bur!statement! tp tlie effect'that ���if Vwe  accepted a': charter .froni1 youi .congress  wc;.,::should; be obliged to foi?_go"the  right; to discuss .'.'political' matters Which!  we mado-jiu our secretary's    letter'.! to  yoii 'of, Juno 12lK, is; based ������"on. article  4.. section.0,;,of the'! constitution of, the  Nelson?;.Trades .and -Labor!! Council^  which,:;exists under aVcharter issuod.by  ydurVcongress.2;?;.!/.; V Ay.:~.  ���In this  connection -wc -will .mention  that you7 have not:yet explained ;whi.it  particular advmitageVwofild be gained  by, bur'Vcouric'il;'taking-Va'���/charter; from j  thoreohgrcss, -when/at .the..'...;;; tiinu ' wo  were'.contributing  oiir . per , capita! tux  to/you.;;./v.'VV-Vji Aiii,ii'yAy 'iJiJJ."[-j:.  '���"-; With-, regard; to our .statement,ai to  Samuel 'Gompers,-!-while,it.is a strong  ono,, yet you 'will;; find,'ample justification : for.:it ,in the:; current'.' .'.'Soptcmbci*  number of;.the Miners.;'Magazine,;:.{tho  ofiieinl organ :of:: the: Westcrii- Pcdera-  '.-���-V   ���,./������    ,..���������-..������������.,.       ::   - .'...i,p;.,,.,.     ::l.--.;.    :,.  tion of;;Mincrs.; ;���;.'���; ���;:���;;'���.;,���.:.;.-. ',:.?'������ ^v.'1"-.-:?  '.As we .believe' the "discussion., ofv.lhq'  foregoing is 'a -matter, of/yital,.interest,  to ��� the:-welfare ofi7tIioVTrados?Coiigress  of Canada, it is the-wish of our conn-,  cil.lhat;this,,\and all, tlio' correspond;:  enco,leuding.,up to this letter, .lie,redd  in their pro per 'order.' to.the fui I "meeting of the'-'Berlin;'<convention;- September 15th," ���. 'V' ''���'' !:"VV'iVVV": "XXXX?  "������;��� Sighed and approved; by."the commitV.  tee appointed .for' the:"purppse. !aucl;af-  fei-wardsVadopted by tlio meeting'������:.. of;  the rlioeiiix Trades and7 Labor Council'  in7 meeting assembled,: SeptemberVSlh.  aii02::   ���'./���" V"VV":'V"-V";VV V;-; v.:.//:'/"  !"(Signed)V .'Webster,1 Rogors,.V;C.i"H.  Towns," W. H.: Bainbury, committee. :'  ; I,remain, "sir,'--'fraternally yours,'   ".  ';Vv"'V" "V. W.VH.VBA5IBUKY,VVv  "   !"V;.���. .!'!:?" . V Secretary-Treasurer. ;  J'... H.'Watson .wrote -asking that the  council 'grant'him use of 'a' room for  organization purposes."Ho also stated  ;-The parliamentary committee,;reepm-  ized.";. ";.:">'.: y'-AAAAy.; V"!":';?';.' '-; 'i'Xy ������,  that: the- shingle "weaversVhod .organ-:  mended that all drivers "of rigs be/not  less :than IS: years or"age; 'that they  pay"a liconse fee" speak the.'English  language, "be "designated by. a!iuuhber;  and that .a; fine! be impos'edupoiidelin-  quenls.: ! This, proposition will he'- sent  up" to tho city council, asking, that" a  by-law; bo .passed; in"accordance".with  these suggestions. ;,���   " :' j";     AlXi;������'-'-,  President: Whulcn.of the Tailors'; un-"  ion sent iri a letter" oil' behalf of h s"  association protesting; against the tender of David Evans for ten overcoats,,  for the police force. He could not use  the union label. There were -two ten- ,  ���825   each,7',   -and D,';  UNIONS OF GREAT BRITAIN.  PROM EIIOLT.  If lhe congress is sincere towards its  duty, namely, to advance wages und  shorten tliu hours of labor, it is hypocritical (not to say "carping ciili-  cal")l (o nsk for the support of tlio  uinnufucluei.s to whom higher wages  and slioi'ter.lioiiis mean smaller profits  and fewer dividends.  Tho following facts will lend to  show..tlio truths of tho belief which we  stated to (he clicct that your congress  had used its inlluence to prevent its nflil-'  ;od; unions from taking indopendeut  of labor, mon who will load us lor-  wuid and not try to drug us back-  wuul. Whether tho charges we hnvo  made aio tiuo or othonyisc can easily  bo found out by a properly conducted  discussion in full session at the Berlin  convention.  If they nro found to bo uiiluie, the  character of lhe maligned ones will  sliino forth wilh incicused luslie, and  it will be worth whilo on that account.  If true, as, wo fear, thu result.sliould  bo; a" sweeping'alteration in tlio por-  soniiol of the "executive und in the conditions of eligibility for delegates nnd  oilieers, so that in either case the result Will im of the utmost bom-lit.  Our position slunds thus: Tho existing .president, Pulph Smith, is a  lienclinian of o capitalist party who  accepts favors which may bo classed  as bribes from a corporation and who  tries to identify the interests of capital'  and labor. For; the first reason ho is  not u proper officer of a central labor  This month has been a decided improvement iu general business.  The resumption of work at tho B. O.  mine; situate about a milo and a half  fiom tho town, is chiefly lesponsiblo  for the gratifying change for the better. About 70 men are now employed  at the li. C. mine, which is shipping  nn avcingo oi 11)0 lo MO tons of oie a  day to tlio 'Boundary'".Palls smelter.  Tliis ore is being mined in the old  workings. A piospect shaft is being  sunk Von (ho south end of Ihu'li.' C.  cluini. This is now down nearly oO  feet and somo good oro luis been met  wilh in il, but little is being suid  about it.  Tho Einma continues *o ship ore on  a small scale to rho Hall Jlines smeller ut Nelson, giving employment to  .seven  or eight mpS in mining it.  Work promises to bo plentiful during  the coming winter.  :. A/Chicago" dispatch "'says.' that!"after  four; month's; investigation of .���tb'cV'labor.  uiiidiisVaiid :thcirVcfiecls on; theVprociiic-.  tion 7iii.;Ehglmid,"Prof/. JojinVH^: QreyV  bf "the;: Northwestern "University,!1"'.hus  returned . tb".Evanstbn....".While, ho "irefused ito '-givo" out .tho"spceific :results'  of his  mission" until "his" complete .report, has'/teen.placed"in?the hands of  iho "United .States"commissioner:7 oi  labor,: Can-ol:"P,;;Wriglii;hc:':a(liniU(;d  that .surprising: new. light -'"��� wbulcl;" lie  brought"tb'.'.b,ear on ;t]io_su).ject;l)y llie  stutisti es "gathered.,h-"'"��'"!;';: V7;;";"}":'"  ."English:.',. labor"  organizationsXlaro  much, stronger :thuu" those- in .-.(the: United   States,"' snid':": Professor v;*Grcy.  "^embers' 'of .the.Vunions.'iu. England  hang'.;together 'much7better!;.:"ahd!, there  is Jess, internal; strife;to; defeat .theainif |  of the .union. "As. a result,tlioso':.bodies;  are-'able ;to';accomplish;";much;! .iiibi-e  than':'their' prototype in 'this" cbiintry:  The laboring! man in1 England, us7'dis-:  tinct;; fi-bm"his"' organization;''on V; the'  other; hand,/is worse"bfi/thairoiir:. American laborers. "This., is ,'partIy:','duo to  liis .-own'!.shortcomings,.:;for;;he !is.;_.iio.t.  as capable; as,;the��� .'-.workman,:'of!.:Amci"K  ea. ���;Co-operaiive;,'spcicties,iu-o doing a  grent"work, in:England! for .the!, toiler's  They-"arb'. a "wonderful"success." ���! Vv;  ders:';W.:Hunli;  Evans, 521. : V.,.  .When the police, committee's .report';;  was read, Aid. Wylie, llie.chuirmauS3'  said that tlie:committee was hotawrarej"  that Evans; had not a,7 union shop, ;  "This council.agreed some time.ago toi-.  put the .union label.on the '���'���; Vclothes,'/1"  said;.he. "I thereforo:.iiio've"'that"the"  tender! of Mr. Hunt be piit in the';re- s  port,instead of,,that! of',Mr., Evans."?:.  Aid. Wilson -'-seconded theVmotiuii. xyy  .. Ald.:;Coplc..,said hb/clid not; quite ,'u'ri-"....  derslund this! malici\;'.;':'.'I,.tl)bught-Vtho;/  union'liibol; was: optional   - with/-.'tho";  council/' he/said."'.":;...:,,-../    V"!. V/,:;:;/!V.?":!;  "Huyor "Neelands���The "-"charter '���".snys?"  that; it is optional, buttheebuiicil had?"  adopted the: resolution !making it; im--?,!  peratiyc.?? "���"/������     c:?'.-?:-!::' '���" ':���'��� iy'yAiiyyy'y  Aid., Cook���Il is,:": unfair*, to" debac?"  unyoiie in thi.s.,way--esi)ecin]ly :uiv: bid.7::':;  resident:-: -lie.moved, thai lir.'Eyahs bpr"  awarded  the "TOiitruct^^Nc) ��� secb rid cr//!'?  ,: -Ald.Z/Wylie's. ;ameiicling; "motionV/thenji":  carried" yy';."';?::,?"-";/";,!/ '���A\yiiAx;yyAyyy.  -" Aid.?Wylie: waut^;;:".tb;:;S::l^ow??.'_wlib|  vvoulci;'pay?Solicitor VChas.t?"Wilson'9!.  cliai-gos..i-e.,tKe'street ends;^^"ih^casei.the''';  mat tor.;ecimes ;;ui>/!;befo re A the "courts./7  Will"the/'council .?by/; City;//Solicitor?  Hamersley, .who Is-.oh leave7 of absehce;;,,;  'do MXXXXiXXXX/AyiiXyXM  i\.lcl./:Mc(Jiiccn.-/If ."wc !:";empjby?;?' ahy/i  cpunsel/oii^ide?the?city::solieiipr_/^e'll/;  haye,"tp,:pay'for:it/":.'"?7:/'//";:r?'?:'";/!!/^/  Messrs. Koos Si Giccn have opened  n roller skating rink in thc old dull  hnll, Pender street. The door is fust  class,. and_all_who-wanl-to-roulTy-cn-|  joy n good skate should go to thc  rink. Opon every afternoon and evening.  The why to build up tho labor uiovc-  mentis to spend your money to em-  iy uiiiou workers.  * PROM VICTORIA.  Tlio  recently  'ormeel   Garment Woik-  eis' Union held     a mcctinc    in Labor  Hull on Tucsdny night,  and  perfected  orgnni'zation by afiiliatin? with tin-International Garment Workers of America.    Oilieers wero    elected ns follows-  li.  C. Pettingell. president: 3!iss Mng-  gie While,  \ic�� piesident:  J!i.-s  II.    A-  Cornell,  leeordinir und  linnncin)  wi-ie  laiv; Mi��s  Lizzh-  rreenmn.    (iviiiuivi  and Miss  V. Brown, guidf, A eoiiiinii  lee   was   appointed    to draft a wane  srale,     to  be  submitted   nl    (he  nest  meeting of I lie union, cm the Mli inst  The organizer was iiislntcted lo noiil\  (ho  inlernntioiml  union  Unit  tlio conditions pievuiling in the factory of the  Tiirner-llceton compuny aro    such    as  to entitle that firm to the use of the  union label.  Thc Amalgamated Society   of    Cai-  penlcrs and Joinois held a    night   of  POLITICAL PROGRESS.  It is  indeed  staitling  lo  iead    the  platform of the B.  C.     Conservative  paiiv, which contains clauses on j>ub-  lie owiieislup and  anti-Chinese.    ^hy>.  it's enoiiL'h  io mako the old lory he-  rocs turn iii their graves.   These    ut-  teiances uie of tlio highest value, and  it is no small matter to have got to  this stage when nt least iho boua fides  oi tho pioduoing class    is   leeoguizod  e\en by such political institution:,> as  the' ono rcfeiied to.    Capitalism    ha*  played   its  List cuid  in  building    up  the gieat trusts,    and we in Canada  us elsewheie now   know    the    worst,  which is, indeed, no small afiair, seeing thai tho old capitalist toiy party  is now turning on its bosses by advocating such  piinciples us    lefeued    to.  abo\c.   Mon of thought and oxperienco  iealizD_lliat���the_trend -oi-pub!ic-senn- ���  ment is slowly beginning to see that '  lapacious competition, which  used to  be said was the life of trade, but now  tho death of it���has been swallowed up  by yet more ravenous and intolerant  monopoly.    Our politicians must vlti- ,  mutely tako hold of tho question     of  coutiolling (lie trusts, even if tho peoplo must operate tho industries now in  their control,  and  run     thein   them-  srhes.      Tn\e  for  instance  tho    coal  mines, ns witness the result of private  ownership    of    tliem   in (ho stnto    of  Vnnsylvnnin wheie theie is plenty of  tiiel for oieiybody, yet monopoly wiil  not allow tho Illinois  to  woik.    Pio-  duolion vs. fico Undo is n bygone issue,  and in  i-l sti'ml  we aio laco to  face wilh thut of Capital or Monopoly.  \s.  Laboi.  'I he cigni makers' stiiko nl Mon-  lieal is still on nnd is now entering;  its sixteenth month. Tho boys havo  made n w ondoi fui fight. Don't forget  thai then fight is your fight nnd lcn-  dei thein e\eiy aid possible.  'i&iM^M  'fe:'?  ;.(gS/S: ^���'0-5K=*<f**.��O'��'v-.'>';>O>>f-0,!lO  ��� ���.ji^'s *���i  STRATAGEM ��  By Eniile L. Atherton 4  ��-'���' . Copyright, 1902, X  :���.'.    By the S."S. McCIme Company       ���  *<&���$*<?*�����* 0 ������{���������:-S'��*$*^4>*$<>  Tbe iiistalliuent bouse lay at the hot-  ���torn of the trouble. Mrs. Milclioll.  yielding to seductive advertisements,  furnished the third story front and  found herself obliged to rent the room  to meet the weekly payments.    ,  The roomer introduced himself as  Mr. .Tunics Pearley, entry clerk nt the  Kmpire department.store. His fellow  clerks called lilm dressy. Mrs. Mitchell  btnpd" somewhat In awe of his frock  coat nud silk hat. Mnry pronounced  his tuste in ties ns "just lovely." And  Jim lloliis? What he (bought ol'I'enrloy  and what he said at times are not for  publication.  The circle of society in which tlie  Mitchells and Ilolllses moved did not  consider the formal announcement of  an engagement'necessary, but that a  ���wedding would follow-Jim's years of  devotion to Mary none of their acquaintances doubted���that Is, until Mr.  Pearley rented the third story front.  She. of. course, told him nil about  Jim. but explained that be bud been a  friend of her father, covertly trying  to givo the impression tliat Jim was  nothing more to her.than ."a buinble  friend."    ,  When -Jim' called one Sunday. Mnry  had gone to church with Mr. Pearley.  He didn't feel jealous exactly, jjust  hurt and depressed. He realized that  he "lookedclumsy" In his Sunday, best  clothes, and his gloves were wet with  perspiration. He was aware Unit bis  necktie was never just right, because  Mary always criticised It. It seemed  that styles In these things changed  over night.  .Tim regarded his work ns .very ordinary ulso. He was glad to know that  Hogan's ship rigging linn considered  him their smartest man. The most difficult aud dangerous pieces of work  were his by right. This did not make  him look less like a-fool in a high bat  and for that reason brought him uo  nearer to Mary. It is doubtful if be  would ever have known how to solve  the problem If one of the dally papers  hnd not sent n reporter to write up the  rigger's trade. Jim was dutnfoiiuded  nt tiie reporter's admiration.  "Why," he explained afterward,  "when I dnipped dowu n halyard from  HE LED nKIt UP BTAIItS.  the crosstrees- to the dock, be grabbed  hold of my hand und told nio not to do  it again,'rliat he'd got tbe Idea, and lie  didn't want me to risk my life unnecessarily. Sny, I nearly fell down!  And when I told biiu how much I made  in a good season lie broke the point oft  his pencil he was so astonished. 'Why,'  he says, 'that's about double what a  bookkeeper makes!' 1 nsked lilm what  he pulled out of his trade, uud he snld  that forty wns his limit."  The conversation with the reporter  showed Jim relative values ns applied  to himself and Pearley. then he went  to see Mary.  He found Mr. Pearley before hlni.  nnd Mary introduced them in her  grandest manner:  ���"I'in~proud-to-rn:ike-you~ncqualiited  with my friend Mr. Pearley." And then  to Mr.Tourley, "This Is our old family  friend. Jim Hollls. 1 told you about."  Jim snt out the evening somehow,  his mind apparently working double,  lie heard dimly the flippant conversation led by Mr. Pearley and ut times  tried to join In tho topics which seemed to entertain Mnry. But nil the  while he was thinking how he could  outll.'ink this "saffron colored counter  Jumper." ns he dubbed Pcurley. It wns  not until he rose to leave thut tlie inspiration cnnie to blm. flo recalled  his chut with the newspaper reporter  and spoke Urmly, so tlrmly thut Mury  lookod ii bit astonished, then worried.  "I wnnt to see you nbout something  most piirtlculiir tomorrow. Mnry. Meet  me nt Orcy's drugstore by the sodn  fountain.   Don't full tne."  ln u vngue wny .Mury realized that  Mr. Pearley would huve called for her;  that this was another evidence of Jim's  lack of cofidiiinniiers, but sho held her  pence. .*::iiiiething in Jim's expression  uml u sudden'memory-of his patient  years ol waiting made It impossible  for her to refuse Ills request.  The next morning Jim took Mnry to  the Empire department store. He made  no explanations,-but led her up ntulrs  to a pi.nt where they could see the ex-  peit li'indlcis of money mnke change  aind dl.spttch the cash cniners. And  bejond these stood Pearley He bad  bis coat off and paper pinned around  his etilTs. His handkerchief wns tucked uli ut bis coll.tr. und u woman with  u nurd l.ice w.is "blunging hlni." us  Jim put it. When she left, n young  person with pale, pompntloured linlr  nml un indolent manner took up the  cry: "Sny. Mr. Pearley, you're u gem!  I giiess yoii must be dabbling In love  from (lie bulls you iiuike. This is thc  third Identical time you've brought me  tip here this morning. Now. say. If  Mr. Mi:ses hours of this, out you'll go!"  N  EW BR  EED OF POULTRY.  Vn  filth  Ui-fil  un,  .Vim tni.is  Arc   finotl  > .��ii  lir-ulf ri��.  .nje.tr.  The Aucona te recognized by our  I standard us a U-ghoiu tliiit is brok-  ' en black and while in color, evenly  j mottled. The rule of color for the  j new Ancona us now bred in England'  i culls for black wilh uniform lipping  } of white on each lenther; skunks yel-  ] low, spoiled with hluck. Thi.s nmii-  i ner uf- marking is liiuicult to obtain,  Mr. Pearley did not answer, but wlp- 1 uud  the grent    iliil'a-.iUy  of gaining  ed the perspiration from bis strained ! this color and    mutim-i-  of-marking  nnd worried brow with one hnnd while ��� bus niade them un extremely   fancy.  he drove his pentwlth the other.   Mnry ' f��w>-     '<��� is Ruined   that the breed  was silent und 1'ulrly jumped when Jim  came from Aiieonn.  in  Italy.    Tbey  suid: -'Sny. Mury, meet nie :��� our docks -j |!^Tb!ri.K,.,r.w.nW  nfter supper tonight, tt e hnve n Spun- nn, ()n t|,c llV0l.,II{0 miner'smaller  Ish bnrk to rig, nnd I'll be through j t|u,���.our Leghorns."The proper style  nbout S.   You'll come, won't you?"       i 0f marking is  to  have u  V shaped  Mnry nodded her bend nnd looked ��� white ending to eueli leather,., tho  back ut Pearley, niid when she turned j white lo be rather small or narrow  Jim wns gone. iso ns not to give the fowl  tlie   up-  At  7:30 she  was  nt  the appointed ' peurunce of being mottled black nnd ; ,   , ,        refused,  white,   fur     tlie    ; lumage  must'    be'  blnck, ouch feather uniformly tipp.'d  "Thc^taiMeathors    of    these fowls \ and a cornhusUlng.   The Intervals hnd  should  be black from the skin   out , been filled in by what he culled "sit-  CWJSWSSttSSSSSSS^SWSWSWWSSSSSS.  HOMESPUN  plnce. A full rigged ship lay nt the!  dock, Its' hull diirk lii shadow, but Its '-,  shrouds und rigging thrown Into bold j  relief by n searchlight.   And there, on \  ,,,.BXO. B. LEWIS  Copyright, 1902,  By the S. S. McClure Company  tt'heti Zeb Johnson, Parmer Jones'  hired man, came to the end of n row  of corn, he took u seat on a stuiup to  think things over, no ronllzed that  he couldn't glean much consolation  from mero thinking, but a crisis was  to be fu cod.  The evening before, nfter having  courted Jennie Taylor, the daughter  of nnother fnrmer, for n year or more,  be hnd nsked her to marry lilm untl  Zeb's courting hud  consisted of escorting Jennie to a  Fourth of July celebration, a circus  the crosstrees, balancing himself with j nllll  tipped  on  the end  wilh white. ; ting around" and declaring to himself  "    ' " ""      " * ' thnt she wns the sweetest and baud-  somest girl In all the world.  dexterous grace, wns Jim. He wns  shouting orders nt tlie top of his voice. j  And then Mary snw the well dressed]  nnd much revered Mr. Hognn point his  enne nt Jim nnd cull out: "Sny, Hollls,  hnve you got that' mainsail '-halyard  wove right In tlint block? It looks  twisted froni here."  "All right, Mr. Hognn!" shouted Jim,  "I did it myself."  "That's the boy for my money," said  Mr. Hognn as he moved away.  "And I think," said Mnry reflectively  .to herself, raising' her straight little  eyebrows and pursing out her cherry  red lips���"I think he's the boy for mine  too. He can't wear a necktie right,  but he don't let any woman jaw him."  And when Jim offered her his arm as  they walked away half nn hour Inter  she said timidly, "Jliumle, you're my  steady still, nln't you?"    And If the  W IP11  There wasn't the slightest doubt In  i his mind thnt he loved her, nnd he was  ! equally sure thut ho was loved in return.   It wns therefore vlth a feeling  'of supreme confidence i'.i tbo success  of his errand that he hnd dropped into  | Taylor's nnd tried to keep his blushes  ��� buck nnd his feet on the Iloor ns he  'said:  I    "Jennie, I was just thinking that we  ! ought to get lunrrietl in tbe fall."  "Oh, you were?" she replied, looking  up at him.  I    "Yes.   I couldn't love you any more  If we was to court for fivo years."  |    "tt'ho's been courting?"  j    "We hnve, of course, nnd I want to  i say"���  I    "Don't say It," she interrupted.   "I  ax KNui.isii ri:i?.K a.vco.va. l'l'i.u.T, | never even suspected you were court-  pollcemnn hndn't turned his bend the This is as it is demanded by the Ing. You've been hanging nround more  other wny he "would have seen Jim j English .standard, but it is noted! or less, but I supposed you enme to  kiss her. i that a color plate    by Ludlow - has.' see father."   '������  ��� . I the main tail feathers of the   male i    "But I've been loving vou for n whole  while-with: black ends, .while the taiLj yeap nml want you for my Wife," he  ' persisted, paling nnd shuffling his feet.  i;; Miss Jenule wus darning a hole in  the heel of one of her father's socks.  Three Hoyal Tonnti. |  The   "Greville   Memoirs"  tells  this  story of King Willintn IV. of England '.  and the  Duke   of   Cumberland,: his '  feathers of the    females are as   described  in the standard.   As we havo -,  bred them i'n this country   they areJ  broken  blnck and  while, rather more  on  brother:  "During dinner loud voices. ���.'llit(. than is Eeen   on   tho Houdan,  were heard, which soon became more i shanks yellow,  spotted  with  black ;  vehement.    Both brothers had drunk j shape    of   comb    and    carriage liko  more than  usual,  nnd the duke had. tlioso of the Leghorn.  lost his temper and bis head?    Then'    They are rather handsome when of  She stopped her work ns sho srfld seriously:   ���  "Zeb, I couldn't marry a farmer. If  I cun't find my Idenl, I shnll never  marry nt nil.   I'm somewhat romantic.  for'the llrst time King Wllllnm sus-'��<>��d shape and color nnd nre some-I y0��� know, and. I'd be perfectly miser  pected the Idea which from that time  was never out of Duke Ernest's mind,  thnt he ought to be the next king of  England sliould no male children survive his brother, William IV. The  duke, rising, suid: 'Call in the suit. I  nm proposing a toast The king's  health; God save the king.'' Tbe  suit came in and drunk it. Then the  duke said, 'Mny I also, sir, propose  the next toast?' 'Name it, your grace,'  replied the king. 'The king's heir,"  proudly snld the duke, 'nud God bless  him!"  "A. dend silence followed.   Then the  king,  collecting all  his energies aud  wits,  stood  up and  called out,  'Tho  king's   heir;   God   bless   her!'    Then,'  throwing the glass over liis shoulder,  he turned to bis brother nnd exclaim-!  cd, 'My crown cume with a lass, and  my crown will go to a lass!'    Every j  one noticed thnt the duke did not drink  the toast.   Ue left the room nbruptly." .  what    smaller    than    the    Leghorn ' al)|0 lf l marrlp(i ��� plodder."  should be.   ' They lay a good ni.m- ,    ..Do     ��� mca��� tbat V0!I want to mar.  ber of eggs per year, which are abo.it ]  the sumo size   as    the eggs of   ou  White Leghorns.   They  grow  quietly  . | ry some dude of u feller?" nsked Zeb,  ' who had never heurd of Iden Is or ro-  and make nice little broilers, not  plump or fat looking, but lender and  sweet. Quite ii number of these  fowls have been shown the past few  months at our full fairs. It is said  that they bave tliem in Italy in several colors, such us white, yellow  and  red.���Country  Gentleman.  'I t>  Ki en :t .-: UV   I I'm'*'.  A barbed wire fence, if not stretched tightly is a dangerous thing  iirninul the farm, and lo keep the  w.ie stretched tightly the corner pos;  must be the inn-ii object. The brace  shown in the i.lustration is the best  um- 1 have tried.. It sliould be of  ���IXI  inch  timber about 12 feci   lung.  mnncc.  "No, of course not.    He must  be  brave and gallant nnd save my life.  Fetor the Groat and Benrda.  Peter the Great thought to civilize  his savages by mnking them shave  aud imposed n tux of 100 rubles on tho Hjj  wealthy und middle classes und a co-' IjL-|.,v.���  peek .on peasants nnd laborers. Now, , " "  it was a superstition among tbe poorer  people that no beardless son of Adam  could ever enter heaven, and, being  obliged to part with thcir beards, the  great majority treasured up' their hair  to be buried with their bodies. In  dealing with his soldiers the grent Peter enlisted tbe nld of tbe priests, who  cunningly pointed out the fact thnt  they wore going to light the bearded  Turk and that their patron, St. Nicholas, would be unable to distinguish  them from their enemies unless tbey  sacrificed tlielr beards.  i miAciyo a fkncf. rosr.  Bruce b res is on- top of post e.  wi.ii.ii leans nbout u.l degrees toward  post a. A notch about 2 inches  deep i.s cut in post a,  to admit low-  ZF.B SAW TIIE SITUATION AT A GLANCE.  end  of brace at  a smooth wire hi fastened to hold tit  l.'i-ice. in place. The brace d i.s placed uipi.ire iijioii brucu b. and the top  of il i.s spiked t.o the post. This will  gho tho wires nn under draft, aiid  the draft" is greater al   the top of j  Around this   Vou nre a real good fellow. Zeb. but  I winch will  This was nil right.nnd tbe beards of gic-und.  the beloved Russians went down before the razor In deference to St. Nlcb-  olns. - But, unluckily for the prlesti,  the next littic war hnppened to be  with the Swedes, who wore no benrds,  nnd thus It wus that the Husslnn soldiers demanded to he allowed to nb-  you  ara  no  hero.     I   think   I.ueindn  Jackson would make you u good wife.  Don't blnme me. Zeb, and dun't get  1 desperate und jump off the barn.    I  ' know you wnnt to talk for nn hour or  ihe  post,    it   will    cause the short ��� two J'Pt.' h��t It wouldn't do nny good.  brace to bear down    on  the   oilier, i Good night. Zeb.   The sooner you shine  hold     corner   post  ... ' up to Luclndn Hip quicker you enn nsk  I her to mnrry you." '  |    Zeb Johnson went borne n stricken  I mnn.    In n dim wny he knew what  1,10   Jennie sighed  for.    She wns looking  >'n:i��f.ti��i- niul ' omiiifiii  - ������ii��,��.  'lhe liritish Bee JournnI ta'.es  pnips nn.lsp.ice to say: ���'The     pur- , f anuo|.od Unigllt t0 colm. ���,���������  chuser ol honey vainly imagines that j  .swindling is impossible if frame hon  ey i.s bought. The fuel  i.s Unit clever  j on n prnnclng run! hluck steed nud kill  I three or four villains und bear her off  on his saddle.  .   . ,,     ......     I bee keepers now make perfect  iniila-|  ���_iiro-tUe-MMr.-so-thnt-tbe-holy-N!cbc--j-Lf^^  Zeb hnd no armor, uo  Ho  Ins might have no dllliculty ln arranging for their protection.  Prom llie  Romnim. ���  "Put your'rtght foot foremost" Is a  piece of ndvicc that hns been offered  to most folk, young and old. in the  course of their lives. It Is generally  equivalent to saying, , "Now's your  chance; do your very best and show  pun theso into the hives for the bees was simply out of It  to fill and seal. To test il. pour a! He snt on the stump and thought  drop or two of sulphuric ncid upon hard, but no consolntlon cnnie to lilm.  th.1 comb which i.s on trial. Good The best thing he could get out of It  beeswax will char and blacken under wus a Rras.e un(Jcr ��� w|||ow tree, n  th�� acid, but iipcn piiriillin no effect \ Rrave ovcr wll|dl JellnU. mhM pome  will bu perceptible, |  Commenting    on    this,    Gleanings  snys surcnsiically:  "The only mm ngo       .<.      ,.   ,   ��� ,     ,    ,, ���     ,, ��� ,  ihmg about the above is that     The !      ^K- ll sl,n�� be ��",��H>.   sal(1 Zeo as  Jh-lllsh liw JournnI lets ll go ns   if   he r^e fro,n  the  stump.    "I'm   lop  1 nnd weep when tired of waiting for her  knight.  what you nre enpnble of." Like a great  it were nn undoubted fact,     making . shouldered,   knee  sprung  and   hump-  many common phrases, this expression  bus un old origin. In the dnys of undent Home, when people were usually  the slaves of some superstition or other,; it wus thought to be unlucky to  cross the threshold of a house ..with tho  left foot first; consequently a boy wna  placed at tlie door of the mansion to  remind visitors tlmt they were to put  their right foot foremost. The use of  the phrase In the wider sense became  obvious.  '" Dreadlnor the  Fnt ure.  A little girl was recently found crying bitterly on her tenth birthday.  When questioned, she iiiinuuneed lie  tween sobs the ciiuse of her tears. "I  am ten today (sobi, and It's only thirtj  years more (sob) to forty, nnd then I'l!  bavetodle."  Poor chlldi When she Is forty, slu  will suy, "Ten whole .\eurs befoie tifly  nnd thnt Is not so very old." 'I he In  tolerance of youth Is not more eerl.ni  tbnn the tolerance of uge.  sav thut such combs cannot be iiiuile  by mnn und tlmt they would melt  down by the heat of tlio hives even  If ninn could make tlieni. A failure  to iio this is us liud us to publish  iho ciinnrd. Tlio geiicrnl render w'ould  te.ku it us u piece of common news."  I'litimli In III*. Orclntril.  Potnsh Is the fertilizing element of-  lenesl needed in an orchard. The  toots of fruit trees In most eases find  all the nitrogen needed for growth  nnd enough of phosphoric acid to perfect tho sued ��� With, the exception ol  n its, the seed Is not un object to be  fertilized foi, bui thc llnvor and color of tho pulp, and tliere is where  potash���500 to 700 pounds of the  former or 250 pounds of the latter  per aero���will nearly always prove  beneficial' oven when repeated every  jcai. Wood nshes can ulw.ijs bo  u?cd to good ii'hiint.ige in lnrge  quantities XX'e luuo neier known  too nine h wood ashes applied to an  oichaid  uo reply.   It did not take pnins     lo I backed, nnd I couldn't be n hero If 1  wus pnld n 11 uml red dollars u month.  There's nothing left but to hnng myself."  He went to tho bnrn. procured a rope  and started for the woods. He Iind rp-  lected the tree nnd the limb. In n little  glnde stood a while beech tree, nnd  there, nmid the songs of birds nud the  rustling leaves of the wild grape, the  fope should choke the life out of lilm  nnd bis body should be left to swing  In the summer breeze. .���;;.!  While Zeb wns nfter the rope things  were happening in thnt little glnde.  Three tramps who hml broken jnil six  miles away the previous evening were  In biding, and Miss Jennie had wandered Into the woods to study hotnny  and wonder when thnt nrmored knight  would make bis nppenrnnce. She was  thinking of guerdon* nnd Innees nnd  squ'res and steeds when she confronted the three tough specimens of humanity.    ��  Their vers first words proved that  they were not chevaliers. Tliere was  nothing suave aud gentle nnd courteous nbout the way they ordered her  to sit dowu nnd keep her mouth shut,  She hnd blundered upon them, ami  they didn't propose to let her go and  give the alarm before they were ready,  to move on. Whnt with their oaths,'  tlielr vile jokes and their threats sbe  hud a bnd quarter of nu hour of It, -  und her knight came not. I  Zeb Johnson did. however. He came  with slow step nnd downqnst bend, ns  Is proper when n mnn Is goiiiK to hang  himself. Mown* thinking of Jennie  and wond'crlns if it hurt much to hnng  oneself. There wns a tear In one eye  nnd u gleam of determination In the j  other when he suddenly appeared be- i  fore thc ragged, dirty trio uud their  prisoner. I  The trumps might have bolted If they ���  luul had n in I mite's warning, but ns li,  wns tliey luul to fight. Zeb saw the '  situation ut u glance, nnd the light of ���  buttle llnmed up In his fnce. It Is a I  good thing to go out to hung oneself (  uud Iind u scrap at baud to postpone ���  mutters.  It wns n (Ight that uprooted bushes |  nnd small trees and plowed furrows up j  nnd down th'e glnde. but at tbe end of j  ten minutes Zeb wns victor nnd hnd the  three on the earth under his feet.   He  wns still breathing hard und wiping  the blood olf bis uosc when a gentle  voice wnlled out:  "Oh, Zeb, Zeb, suppose you hndn't  come!"  "But I did come," replied Zeb. "and I  guess I've given jem a licking to Inst  a   year.    Where   was  that  hero  of  yours?"  "I-I don't know."  "Ought to have been around, hadn't j  he?"  "Y-yes���that is, no. No; I don't want  him."  "Anything hnppened?"  "Yes.   I've got all the hero I wnnt.  Zeb. I'm sorry, nnd If you wnut to get  married, nnd If"���  "Well, let me kick 'em a few times,  nnd then I'll go home with you and  nsk the old folks what they think nbout  It. It wns lucky I thought of playing  the fool and hanging myself."  EARTH ROADS.  CmlrrUr.lllmsu tttth 1 il'w���One 'l,[n�� of  11)�� A'er-uii 'l Molt is the universal observation'that  roads in low places which are tiled  dry out sooner than the untiled  roads on tho high land. The tiled  roads never gvt so bad ns those  nol tiled.  Tho road should bo underdrained so  as to keep tke wnter level well below tho road surface In most localities that can be accomplished'reasonably well by laying a lino of farm  tilo three or three and a half feet  below tho road surf.ico along ono  sido of tho roadway. It Is somo-  t .lies claimed lhat there should -bo  ti tilo on each sido of tho road. Somo  tests ma-do by the Illinois experiment  station seem to indicate thnt ono  lino will give fairly good drainago  under thc most adverse conditions.  Tho experiment consisted in tho  drainago of a piece of land selected  as tho worst that could bo found in  a part of tho slate notorious as having a Inrge area of hnnd pan which  it  wus generally considered     could  Pnnled the Frenchman.  Sergennt Harry, who acted ns usher  In the White House during Cleveland's  second term, told this story: "I will  never forget the message President  Cleveland sent to Secretnry Olney one  night lt wus this wuy: Tliere wns nn  eclipse of the moon that night, nnd  President uud Mrs. Clevelnud were  much Interested la watching it. 'I  don't believe Olney knows about It,"  suid Mr. Clevelnud. 'nnd he will be  sorry to miss It.' Then very quickly,  'Harry, go telephone Olney to look nt  the moon.'  "1 went to the phone, and Olney's  chef or butler or something French nti-  swered. "The president sends word to  Mr. Secretnry to look at the moon,' I  said. 'To' look at vat?" answered the  Frenchman. 'The ' moon,' I repented.  'Zo vat?' again be asked. 'The tu-o-o-n,'  I spelled, 'the moon.' 'Is ze presiden'  in hies mind?' 'Yes; he tells Mr. Olney  to go look nt the moon. Give him the  president's message.' 'Rut vat for Iss  dnt���lo look at ze moon?' I then said n  word or two and rung off.  About un hour Inter the snine butler  called us up und, with more density in  his tone thnn even before, snld, 'Moos-  (aire Secretary desires to sny to Mees-  tulre President z.-it he hnss.looked nt  ze moon, nnd he Iss mooch obliged!' "  Didn't Snlt   WiiMllliiHton.  Until the early part of the Inst century Milford, Conn., hnd n bouse In  which tt'aslilngton wns said to hnve  spent n night It was ln ITS!)., when  Washington made u tour of New England. Tradition says that there' wore  certain things nbout 'his stay nt the  Milford tnvern wbleh lie did.not enjoy.  The supper set before hlui consisted of  boiled ment and potatoes, lie wus. not  pleased with tbe meal nnd nsked I'or a  bowl of bread and milk. Tlie landlord  brought the new order nnd a broken  pewter spoon with which lo eat it.  "Have you no better spoons thnn  this?" nsked General Washington.  "It's the best I have in the house,  sir," replied the host.  "Send mo the servnnt." snid his excellency. "Here's 2 shillings. Go to the  minister's und borrow u silver spoon."  Tradition does not udd whether he  got the spoon or not  DonOrlblne   a   W'eildlnn.  i���A-youiig-woiiian-elerk-'ut-the-courthouse wns nsked to report for the  Wellington (Kan.) -Mail a wedding  that was to take place In the olllco of  the probate judge. Here is her journalistic achievement, otherwise not  even the names being given:  "The bride w,is sixteen yenrs old,  wore a short dress and hluck kid shoes,  black dress, red choker, blue velvet  hat with plumes nrrnnged to give n  wing effect, crown lint nnd white  rosette in front. The groom wus tail,  gawky nnd light complected, wore a  hlue necktie, striped trousers, dark  blue burred sack coat, stuudlng collar,  blnck shoes luccd upside down, with  strings trull Ing."  TtLE dhaikage!  not bo underdrnincd "because tha  soil hold water like a jug." Lines of  tilo wero placed two and a half  feet deep and fifty feet apart. The  water level at a point midway between tho lines of-tiles was lowered  eighteen inches, when at the same  lime the water level in the undrain-  cd portion of tho field was only six  inches below tho surface. In tliis caso  the surface of the ground water had  a slopo of a foot in twenty-five foet,  but in a more porous soil tho slope  would bo much less. Therefore a single lino of tilo threo or throe and a  half feet deep, if of adequate . size,  will givo nearly perfect drainage, and  a second line will not materially improve it. For example, In the diagram if A represents tho first tile,  tho surfaro of tho ground water Is  represented by the lines ABC. If  a second lino of tilo, T), Is laid, the  y>-alor surface wiil be A II D, tho second line draining only the comparatively small portion C B D, Tho diagram shows that a single line well  below tho surface is far better than  two shallow ones. For example, lowering tho tilo A six inches lowers  tho water surface to A C, which represents better drainage than tho  lino A B D with the two lines.  Ilnvlco for ll*>mnvltt-.: PnaU. v  To reinovo old posts from a fence  row is not always a light task. .It  is made easy, however, by the little  device shown in the illustration.  Mako a frame of four-inch square  timber about three feet high and 18  inches broad. In the upper end put  a roller    fivo    or' six inches thick.  T~~^p  -<  Near one end of the roller bolt a  chain four feel long with a hook on  tlie free end. Near the other end of  the roller boro two holes ono and  one-half inches in diameter several  inches apart, but at right angles .to  each other. To remove the post,  iiook. the chain around it near tho  ground; then by means of two handspikes, turn the roller like a windlass, and tho post will soon bo out.  Falrl?  Wnrnrtl.  An old circus innn snys thnt be once  arrived nt Steellon. I'n.. early In the  morning to mnke arrangements for u  circus performance at; tluil piiice.' To  obtain his license It was necessury to  see tho burgess of the town.The Iirst  person he iijet wus n large, burly Virginia negro, whoVwns"on his way to  work lit the steel works.; He npproncu- j  ed the fellow and sujd. "Ciiptalu, can  you tell me where 1 cun And the bur-1  gcss:of Steelton?:'V;���'���������,. , ,; .       " ?  '"SnyV: boss, Ists: aVstranger around.;  here myself, and all 1 enn sny Is keep  nway fiom dem Hurgesses 1 was engaged to be idiihried one time to Mnry  Eliznbeth Burgess, and dey Is a pesky  lot of nisgers."   Kai-niiTs uml Trmlerf.  Wo have known farmers to sneer nt  "ur~hfaii-wh"o���fui!ed~"as-U��� farmer ~and "  yet went to town and made a fair  living selling pioduce on commission.  Wo seo no occusion to find fault with  a man for that- Some men are  born traders, but wholly out of  place trying to make a farm pay.  Thoy do not know how to grow a  crop, but they do know how to sell  It. Thoy roally Injure tlieir neighbors by their work on tho farm.  They might help them greatly by  selling for the community. Tliero are  a good many cases where a farm failure could be transplanted to town  and grow up into a- success as . a  trader.-. Producing Is one thlng.'soll-  ing is another. Few men can do'  both��� well.���Hurnl New Yorker.  Suit fur MrunlnrrlM,  Whether ground for strawberries  should lie subsoiled or not depends  upon tho character of the soil and  the subsoil. A porous subsoil needs  ho'deep stirring, and theie an- othei  soils that will belittle benefitted by  subsoiling, because tin \ nm together as a result of hca\j i.nns and aio  then in a worse condition than be  fore, because worniholc nnd loot-  holes nro obliterated nnd nothing  substituted for theiii to aeinto or  drain the soil. Any ground that is  subsoiled; or .even-deeply plowed  should, soon .nt'loiwnid be heavily  lolled and the sin face finely hallowed. The compacted soil holds moie  moisture and holds it longei than  the well biokon soil that admits air  to facilitate evaporation.  ' ���- if' I  ll  If  11V  fe  I1!  1  1  I  ft  1  A wide l.inge of tests h���s pioved  clenilj that Montana tun success!ully  fatten n huge poitlon of hei wether  nnd lamb stock within her own boundaries. This is due to tlie e-.'se with  which legumes, mu he i-iisid Phis  woik enn be accomplished to u full de-  giee In the ciise of nintuie wethers  on alfalfa und cluu'i nlone. In the  ense of n glowing lnmb ,t relntlvely  lnrger gain cun be pi otitic ed nnd nt  less cost, but bet.iuse of Its giovvtliy  natuiu they aie not so ensllj made fut  for niiirkct How eier, with n uiliii.  mum iimonnt of ginln not moie- thnn  .75 pound with S2li pounds of ilovcr  ot nlfulfii por bend per dnj for not  less thun seventy dnjs inn ensllj be  mnde lendj for market This is being  cleatly i��o\cd in the Yellowstone nnd  Gnllutln vnllejs. While clovci nnd nl-  falfn ucie bilnglng S3 pei ton in the  slnck tho same hay led to sheep nnd  innikotcd iu the foi in of mutton  brought the pioducei $T!)3 per ton.  \ Z tne Kniti.  The plctuio. which ls icpio'uced  from Aiiieilc.ui Sheep Bieudei. shows  Ohio Stnndnrd No   1 .it head of De  USE GOOD SIRES.  Inine flock of Gonrd & Huivej. Hnjes-  ville, O. tt'eight of i.iie'.ibs. *212  pounds; weight of tvvelw niontlis'  fleece, thlity pounds Shed bj Silver  Fleece and out of dnm by Longfellow-  Two Fnltliful Shepherd nogn.  A. M. Holter of Helena. Mont, who  Js Inrgelj Inteiested In the cuttle nud  sheep lndtihtiy in thut stute, snjs thnt  Inst October n cold spell killed several  sheep heiders In the Great Fulls district, one of whom was tnklng i.ue of  Mr. Holtei's flocks At that time two  foet of snow coveied the lunge lu  places, nnd the theimometcr indicated  40 degiees below /ero The hiider  wns fio/en to denth on the piniiles  while curing for the sheep, und lt wns  three dnjs before his fate Mas known  to his emplojers. Two slieplicid dogs  were with him when he died, nnd one  of these stayed with his bodj while  the other attended to the sheep just es  though the heidei had been with him  'lhe dog drove them out on the iniige  ln the morning and back again at  night, gum ding them from wolves nnd  pieientlng them fiom strnjlng off  Neilhei dog hnd nnj thing to eat during the tluco dujs' \igil, so far as  could be nscei tained, but the 2,ri00  sheep thiivcd us well nppaiontlj ns  though dhectcd by human ugeucj.���  Poitlund Oregoninn.  Warm ACMtv Tor Ttllcc.  A funny stoij that is located in  New York state Is ns follows On go  ing out to feed bis (lock a fnimei no  tlced a black spot ou the Luck of a  sheep, and as It diS.ippc.ncd quickly  he thought be would Investigate  'Ihitibting his hand into the sheep's  wool, he found three biiug nnd cozy  mice nests e.iih with u new Loin litter  of joung ones in it He lost no time  In brenlviug up the colonies and then  looked oi cr oihti sheep, with the result that he lound loin mote In the  wool, wheie mite lud chosen waim  plnc.es to build nests .ind bilng forth  their joung. Ten nests weie found In  nil, cout.iiUliig1'iii nggieg.ite ol seventy  young mice. It Is said that the sheep  seemed not only not to mind the pies  erne of the mice nests In theli fleeces  but noted ns if they weie not pleised  with their icmovul and (he destitution  of the contents   Hoodi-rcir Itrpotllnir HiteiiT*  The  Onl>   1Vn>   In   Which   Pnnuers  Can ProUuic Ill��Ii Claua Cuttle.  Nevei  was theie a gieatei  demand  for good shes nnd tbe encouiugemoi.t  for the iiipiovcmeut of bcids thnt ut  the present dnj.    lhe sales of pure  bred qittle during the lust thtce or  four mouths piove this.   The onlj way  thut vve can pioducc u bettei gi.ide of  live stock���a grade thnt will top the  maiket���ls by Improvement of the in-  tlve hcids  by  the infusion  of pine  blood sa.vs Kansas I'nruier   The ideal  constantly recedes    tt'hen the 'j. coder  of today appiouehes the stnndnrd set  a J ear ngo, he will Iind thnt it hud advanced  a  few  points  .urthcr.    This  means thut he will nevei reach perfection.    Thu nppaiontlj   pel feet animal  will bu found to be lucking iu some  small detail, nud  futuie gcneiutioiis  will develop n t.vpe of nnlmnl fur superior to thc  hest  pioduccd  by our  most successful lueedcis of the piesent.   'lhe icceut high prices pnld for  pure biod bulls me likely to dlseouingo  some f.uiucrs fiom buj ing n bull This  should not be.   Nothing should deter  him U om buj Ing u good bull.    It ib  not necossuij to pnj a thousind dol-  luis foi a good bull.   The pi lie does  not cut such n liguio.   Tbe piogen] of  .1 ixood puiu bicd bull costing $200 vvill  le.ulilj sell fiom $2 to ?5 a lieiid moie  ns calves oi jeuillng stockeis th.ui the  offspring of it seiub oi guide bull ut  tho sumo  nge,  mid  the  bettei   bicd  stuff will biing fiom ?10 to ?20 u bend  moio ns finished beeves.  Tbe small fanner who cannot nffoid  to purchase a pine bied she m.i,v easilj  breed his cows to the bull owned hy  some one of his neighbors Nov^udn.vs  in uenily eveiy fm uiiiig district may be  found one or moie (fist class bulls that  m.ij be seemed ut u fee tnnging from  fl up to $10. 1'heie is no e\ctise foi  not having blgbl.v bied calves  A 3COD ONE.  (MlTcnlrnt flarp n-illt by 8. L. Stewart if Vevrbnrir, N   Y.  S. If. Ste rnrt of Sewbtiig, N. Y  sends to Ho.irci'. Dalrjmtin a Jcseiip  tlon of his .lew 5arn aud one ��\tciIoi  and jwo .nterlor views, whkh nie ncie  with reproduced.  The dimensions of tbe barn wh'ib Is  > one story cow bum nre JS feet wide.  120 feet long 10 feet celling. The n Kith  Is divided nbant us follows Walk be  blurt ,'tina, 5 feet; drop, 1 foot -I Inches,  piatfoin. foi iovv, -J feet 8 Inches .nun  goi lnc'itdliig the thickness of the con  irete a feet; dilve between io-vs ul out  !) feet The muti^eis me mnde In foui  te tlons   with t>!\uen cows to n sc  Beef. Milk or Dothf  Professor Hujs of the Mlnnesotn Ag  rlcultiiml college nt n meeting of his  state's ngiicultmlsts in u talk upon  "Breeding Animals Foi Inti Inslc Qunl  itles" comp.lied the bleeding of u iovv  with the giowlng of Hu\ The farmer  who giows lint has fust decided what  he is out foi���that is. vvhethtr he vvnnts  seed oi liber or both, since each ie  quhes n different method of piocodme  So in raising cattle the bleeder must  mnke n distinction between the dalrj  nnlmnl, the beef and the dual puipose  cow. Early matuiitj, power to teslst  disease and fecunuity be considered  points of pilmal lmpoitnncc Certain  diseases of cnttle he thought sbould be  combated In breeding.  Professor Soulle, Tennessee, doubted  the value of the dual purpose nnlmnl.  Tho breeder whose object is beef  sliould devote his energies toward pro  dtiting u cow thut will uiuturo rapidly  Goul breeds moie thnn pnj for them  selves lu that thej fatten more l.ipidly  thnn the common stock In his opinion  the tvvo-jeat old Is the best paj Ing nnl  mnl nt present, but he believed thut  woik along suggested lines would in  tho neni future make tbe yearling the  moie valuable  Bulletin 13.', New Jerse.v stntion, sajs  on the subject of how gums get Into  milk. Iu the lust place, u ;.ood ni mj  giinif .ne living in the ml.k while it  is jei in tin. nddci of the <ow nnd, in  the iie\t place a good uiiinv moie fall  Into the uiilk p'lil fiom thost IIoutI"g In  the air, being caught III the slicum-- of  descending milk Slill ethns .tie in  tiodrcod clinging to the puilli'is of  dust, din huh, ibnir, etc ,,lli,tl buonie  loosened fi cm the uddei und adj. ec > t  Sorghum aa a Tornsre Plant.  Nest to Iiidiun corn in noi thein states  conies soighuin ns u foi nge pi int. suvs  W. A Henij In Breeder's Gazette  Glow good old fushioned soighum  which the furmcis hnve so main jems  used us a su up pioducing plant loi foi  nge, sowing elthei bioadcnst oi giowlng in dtllls and cultivating With  these two plants one does not have tiny  need of tunning after the novelties nd  veitised by seedsmen.  k It vvouid pnj  every funnel, thinks  h Xatlon.il   Stockmnii.   to  i.iise  u   lew  ' loots to feed sheep, cspeilnlly to the  ! bleeding ewes     The loots will  keep  them in good condition.   The l.ibt win  toi the writer fed the sheep ns follows  ,}l -vvith good lesults1 Kor morning clover  | hny  noon about sl\ qunrts bum and  I two  (limits  coin   m!\cd;  al-o  nbout  'ii tlnee pecl.s elthei btigur beets oifrutn-  h bugus; at night clover hnj   oi   coin  k, stalks    This for twenty head  reedlni; Lninliii Uvei Pnlp.  Dm ing the past senson the feeding  of lnmbs on beet pulp Irs been veiy  6iltlsl.u tory.   At luinslng. Mich   so.no  3.U00 weie fed    Although nt (list the  pulp wns not relished nud sevoi.il died  from eating lt. Inter they did well    It  seems tlmt the pulp gives the bust nit  Jsfuctlon when feiinenled a little  Sheep Por the Do>��.  Encoiiiage joui boys to btnj in ound  home b.v   giving them n  fev,-  sheep  Don't give tlieni the sheep mid pocket  the profits youi self, ns-this Is not ,i  ���very encournglng wny of flolug hnsl  ness with your children.    Encouiuge  i S) them to show nt the county fnhs und  r tbey v.111 become doubly luteiostejl In  the sheep business.  Illlnola Flul'llnur Scalilij- Sheep.  The Illinois board of live stock com  mlssioners hns Issued a new older for  '   the-dipping of sc(ibby sheep (n that  state with the tobacco and sulphur  dip'or the lime end sulphur dip. , >  \ "'it  Uhe cnic nnd mnnngpnient of the'  brood sow must lenuiuonii' while she  Is jet a pig, lema.ks Pialiic Kninier  If she is to mnke a good ideal biood  bow nnd produce laige und sti one; lit  teis. she must be fed on food that con  talus n huge bone nnd muscle foimiug  element If our biood sows me fed  nothing but corn und wnter. vve must  not e\pect the best lesultb fiom tbem  Tint diet might do foi (nttenlnj; hogs  The pig thnt Is to be developed Into u  stiong, health] biood sow must be fed  ou such giiiins ns have a teudencj  to qutcl^gLOw_t_h__Out_. _hrnn _h u !ej_  and rje, with the addition of one fouith  coin, nie the feed best adapted to this  pmpose I take equal puts ol oits  bulev ijenndbian Tbe III st time 1  guild together, then nii\ the bian with  it just befoie I put It to soak The  com mm be fed ou tbe cob oi it i.i.ij  be giound and niKecj with the oihn  fed! just ns oue piefiis I think this  nu excellent ration loi the vvliuci feed  In developing the pig Into n Mtoug.  tlulfty sow. but wheie the plK Is ou  good clove! p'istuie It vvill not Hied so  much of the giniu  Ret Some Poll I'lltn.  On account of slioit feed crops Inst  yeur mnnj hog rnlseis unci liked mini]  of tlielr bleeding sows, so (hut now  when u shot (nge of hogs coiifionts us  vve hnve uot the wlicicv.Ith to meet  the demiiiid The thing to do now Is  to plant for n ctop of full pigs suvs  I'aiin und [tnncli The sowh hid le  chcnplv kept on pistme dm lug the  summer nnd full, nnd the September  nnd Oetobei pigs vvill be moie uiiuier  ous nnd of better v'gor thin If lhelr  dams hnd been fed lugely on gruin  Thus In Mny. 1D03. just vv hen the puckers vvnnt bogs, these full pigs will be  rendy for the shambles nnd ought to  average 2(10 pounds October pigs will  be Inrge enough before very rold  weather to be fortified ngninst the rig  or of the season.. From these fall pigs  an ample supply of promising gilts  should be reserved for breeders in tbe  future. >'  tmXT.ll   ,IEV\b 01' THE Bil.N  tlon, e\*(.ept ono scc'ion. wheie (1 e plnt-  foim Is made 4 feet -wide nt ofic end  and tnpeted lo 4 feet (J Inches at the  othei end und the space foi each cow  stmts In tins section, vvith 3 feet from  centers to 3 feet 0 inches, which is the  w idth of stalls for till the otheis  In this section nil the twojemold  nnd tluec-jem.old helfeis nie kept,  graded a< coi ding to biro, thus Insuiing  clean stnbles I might snj right here  thnt thee Ide.'s urc mostly from jour  Wisconsin e\peiinicnt stntion bulletins,  with chnnges that suggesfd them  selves to us as vve progiossod vvith the  work Tie Pools m tngeis, etc nre nil  loucietv ti"d the side wnll fiom the  ceiling to floor is plastered with port-  l.iud cement on iviie Inthlng. thus mnk  lug the whole Intel ior from ceiling to  dooi cement nnd hon The stanchion  fumes me nil I'inae of hon pipe, as  nie nlso the piitltions between the.  cows, wh'ih consists, ns the photo  ginph shows of n ��� 'ngle hon pipe bent  to enter the flooi about sKtoen Inches  from the end of the plitfonn, which  leivcs plenty of loom for the milkei  'lhe stanchions nie the Tnjloi patent  steel miii'e of nnglc iiom und be lg on  nn eje bolt, wbleh nllovvi, them to tuin  In unv direction tin's giving th" ����w  the fullest llbeitj If cow ties uie pie  foned j on will notice lings on tin nun  uptight, which can be used In pi tie of  the stanchions ns tbe iron pipe li.nue  woik Is spiced light foi eithoi  This stanchion aii.rigepiint nnv not  be .is good us some of the otliei  nnn  stall liuuios, but It is clean   sticv*  dui.iblo and cub Ij disinfected  If nn  essnry  'lhe amount of cheap cheese made  nnd put on the market should not I e  Judged bj the skim nnd part skim milk  cheeses 'Ihese lattei mo made foi n  distinct puipose und theie is ,i wide  uiui'iit foi thein. snjs I_ S Wan in  ton in Anient-in CulUvutor. Cliieso-  makcrs use skim and pait sl.lin tin IK  vvith a full knowledge that the mm Its  vvill be of ti cc'itum inferior cb.ii.uiei.  and the cheese is so ma iked vv hen se-it  to maiket 'ine uukcis uie- satis,ied  If thej f.et a few i cuts a pound  ���Iii.Miitu'ui clue-be made iiourr-ill  eieam milk .iiid voilPd '�� the imi'ia:  Leep'i-g oi seme other v uj N u d net  loss to the m il n The tiotil le N -ome  thliigthit shon'el be tvered bj fill'iv  lng cnrefullj rules thnt have been i' s  coveied thiough veins of study i.ntl e\  peilmeiit 'Ilifie are of t-ouisc iiiuij  te;sons whj cheese does not come out  butlsfuctoiy when good full eieam mill.  Is used Off fl'ivoi of cheese of lliis  clniucter ls frequently due (o luck of  ncid In the 'chee>e or to hot cm lug  minis In the ti ule such c-'ioese Ins  Mich n stiong odoi tftei being Kept n  shoit time that It Js mm ked down  heavily The-1fundi Is to t-ee tint the  tempei lime of tlie (thing looms Is bet  (ei legulited uud in pieveiillug iichlltv  'I his latter Is ge��( m'l\ due to h istl �� s  In inil.lug \'i I ci (he ihee-.( Is nude  even otliei dlv too ini'ch s' iln Is  used a'id the ittempt to hi.ii. the  woik muses the double  Wlint M��y��f  The cows on mnny furms would be  cotisldeied first clnss producers ll eieb  cow's pioduct amounted to 200 peun ls  of butter per yen, jet It Is cljli.nd bv  some of tbe best dnliymen that -00  pounds of buttei per year from u cow  does not pny Those who nim to make  the most butter from tl.cn- hrids have  the stnndtud up to 300 pounds per jenr,  nnd some ti\ the limit higher Every  fmmer enn have the Inilvidunl mcoi-  berS of his herd rench tl at amount by I  breeding for better cows e-v ery j ear.  inns, etc . of the inl'kei, mid In llv  time from the whisking t ill of the pis  tcied animal It Is the pieseiiee el  numerous put tie lis ol this soit which  Is responsible foi the general pi le-tlce  of slialulng milk, but no btiulner is  fine enough to retain tlie snvillcbt p-r  tides nud. least ol all the gcinib tint  hnve been wiished ot.t of the partli'es  In those dailies wheie the pruct'ec of  keeping covib and stalls thoiougMj  clenn hus not LcO'i ndc-ptid tbe dnt  tbnt most ficin'o-illy gets Into milk  consists of pirtlilis of inunu'o 'lhe  presence of even n Utile u,.i-:uie im  piits lo the milk the pccu'lai Ilivoi  called "cowj,1 ns though It veie the  distinctive odor of this domestic spc  cles, Lut this flav oi lb qu'te d ��t i ct  from the odor of nevv puic rill': (nlbo  found In the cow's lire ith, ovei which  poets hnve laved In ecstasy) Iu these  dnjs of "moduli dnnj piogicss' the  pioduction of "cowj" milk is both in  excusable and leprLlicnslble Mill, bus  n strong nttiaction for odors nnd lead  Uy nbsoibs anj piedominunl rdti of  the nlr, etc. It Is In contact wilh hence  It Is not stiunge thut it oUi icts the  odor of the dlit thnt falls leto it In  fnct, If the milk cow's food bus nny  peculiar flavor it nftccts the milk  Those vnilous disngieenble fluvois in  milk nio of less eonsctji'enco thun thc  fnct tlmt milk receives the genus thnt  inhnbit the dnt which gets into it Of  all dirt, immure is the richest in germ  content, nnd whnt is even more im  portnnt. it contains germs thnt nie pnr-  nsltic in the Intestines nnd hence are  liable to produce disease.  fnvora Sonth Dukoln Plan.  South Dnkoti's plan of I.censing dul  rjnien nnd requiring creimerj opeia-  tois to pnss n state e-cnmlnutlon Is ap  pioved by Duliy Comuiissloner Mc  Connell of Mlnnesotn   He snjs  "Coopeiatlve cieumcries, buing in  evpeilenced butter makers, nie one of  the gi cutest e\lst!ng evils which hive  crept into the dnhy sjstem and the  cause of moie dissatisfaction und ru n  ntiou thnn nil otheis combined It is  one of the ciicoii.uging leitures of the  iienmeij tiust One jen's experience  pei hups wus enough live or ten jems  ago but is altogctl ir too short now, ns  a min em onlj Ic.un u few of tbe fun  di.iientiil principles of the business in  one yeur, nnd the second should be devoted to pmetiee and study then a tuin  nt a d mj school to learn something of  the science. Aftrr such c^perlenro nnd  tiulnii'g a nnn muj be in a position to  tnke eh irge of a ci-eamei j and if he is  uu adept scholir, ambitious, irdustil  ous und willing to woik nnd leniu he  miv in ike i good nnn with a few  jeus' evieilence ind studj "  The Mill* Covv'h Hay.  Buttei will be butter unless nil signs  fall, sajs Itioci'tr's Ga/ette 'Ihe dnl  ljnnn Ii is hun envious of bjs beef  miking neighlioi, but the tide is now  tinning in the direction of the milk  cow. It could not be otherwise Sune  weeks ago we diew attention to tbe  fact tbat the full contmct price for  milk affndu! to m.ikcis no muigin of  piolit uul tint piices u-i-st be ad  vauicd to lit eci-smneib of both milk  and buttei. 'Hi it ndv inee hns come  und set ins still to come Joined with  the sh' iti.'c of giain and foi ine Is the  unfoitimute cold dry nnd backward  spiiug. and tbe lateness of the glass  uud its weakness on tbe- pai cued nnd  tUinusted piistmes of l.ibt summer hnve  ndded mitemllj to the expense at  vv hieli milk b ts been i lade  Alfalfa Inntcnd of Ornn.  A Te\as dalrjmin bus found he cm  use itlf.ilfi us n substitute fot bran  with good lesults in feeding milk cowb  As a tist he submitted foi tbiee weel.s  nn ii]tinl (itiunt'ti bj weight of cut_cl_  "fuirriinj-foi tliir bum lie hid b<en  feeding The cows gave an increased  jield of both milk uud bnt'ei lib n re  suit of the eh'ngo to .ilfalt.i The ul  fullu w.ib cut to h ilf Inch lengths  'Ihe un.ilvses of biun und alfalfa  show n composition almost Identic il  and It Is nut to he wotidcicd tint the  feeding trill should show the Mime ie  suits The dill via in who b-is u few  neies of alfalfa emi be veiv Indepe-'id  cut of nil kinds of eonibliuitions tint  tend to rnlse the cost of feed undtilv  AlviniK I'luiU a Market.  1 With piupoi nullities uuj one who  uiideistuiids the piinciplc ol bi ttei  mnking cun i-inke n guide of butter  thut will eoiiiiiiuiitl the- highest pi lee  When .vou hive u le-nllv line giitele of  butter lt is not dllllcult to sell it for u  good pi ice II vou uie close chough to  n good town piliutc iiistomeis inn  ensllj be sinned (lint will tnl.e ull J ml  mnke nt n ���-ootl ptIce If jou haven't  a good Inige town close by, then jou  enn ship to it tlty m.uket nnd get gooel  pi Ices.  Sfir the Crenm.  One thing lb often ovei looked, nnd  thut Is the thoiough Stirling of tbe  cienm oveij time n fresh lot Is ndded.  In doing this euie must be tnken to  mix not only the bottom crenm. but  nlso from the bides ns iieuca adhering  to the bides uud uot being distnbuted  oi inked with the fresher becomes decomposed In u measuie und imparts a  bud flavor to the whole Ur* of cream  wheu it ls put into the cliui a.  A 7/ELL MANAGED DAIRY  The t'roncrtj- of 13. V loi I> or "Buff  .Ttr-ej," ':.>.i,.toi:th. 111.  In   H   V   Cobb    Mo -io*:'i    I'l.   I  form! a pi etienl f.umei.    V^c I fi- Is  glv en to the studj  of so : ��� ou "��� o.is,  tbe cue of the dub:  n.u ill th. t griu  toivnid  i.'.iklng the suctessful  t'll.j  nimi    Much of his time ib glve-i to i��  pei line ntul v ork.niid resul s nies' own  nt the 1'isrltati*. foi  "Iliiff  Ii sej," ni  he is moie corimonlj  l.i.owu. is con  blileieil authoiltj    L'uelei siieh ihcupi  stun^cb one e.\p>cts to (Ind i i.iuv tn.it  te.s of latere**, and when jou lroi.  through his cie'auinj, tompiite In oli  Its details, then f.0 e'evvu into his dull]  binn mid Inspect his clit\i'it held of  .IcTsi-vs. a held such -is vom seldom see.  IMIUIOHOI   DAII.V  LII1V  jou  uie illlpICbbCd  UitCI   t.lklllg will1  this gentleman t' :t this is one of tl ose-  plncis the nov ic inn v.sit w itli pio'it  Iheie is no guesswoik heie Ihnj  detail must loiiispond to his s.istei.i  If tlio hnd is not milked within oie  hon of tbo nppoi'ited time, the loss���  foi theie will be o-ie���ls ch.uged to lis  propel account, and sjstem wins out  A piinted ciedlt slicet is in ench italic,  nnd the amount of nnlk given bj eicl,  individunl is weighed etieful'j, .-iu  by so doing her wants aie attended tc  nt once, does she show ut unv flue  that she is not giving proper ii-sponso  for feed prov itleel Here is a pi ice  managed bj (he fumilj of its owner,  no hhed help foi anj time of the vcu  Eveij dip.uttiieiit lb managed 1 v '���o i.e  membci of the Innill.v You ca-i II. lg  ine thc close association of this had  to the sjstem nuclei which it is mun  nged I vv is snown individuals tevei*  jems old tint bid nevei been milked  e\cept by one peison���tbnt ore of the  sons of the piopilctoi. I stood une^  watched these .lusevs ns thej took  theli plaees In the bail', the Intel lor of  which I show jou Ihoj enme In liU  a giopp of school children taking onlj  tho plnce they knew w is thehs Thej  ���vice peifeetlj tinmed.���Comings In1  Da;ij and Cieumcij  Effect of Oleo BUI.  Some dan j men aie inclined to be  liove Uiat the l l s,if;e of the oleo bill  menus a peimment beuvj ndvanee lu  the puce of pioducts, putkuliilj but  tei, nnd aie banking the futme of the  duiij interests nlo'ig thebe lines as Lc  ing veij pioiiiibing Tho bost intent  of tho oleo bid Is lhe suppiession of  fraud, and it is doubtful whethei  puces advance ns much ns some seen  to think Yet a national luw foie ng  bogus butter to sell lor just vv hat It is  must eveit u sulutmy influence on the  market fer buttei. Dan j men should  keep up the high standaid of tho pine  pioe'uct and see- thnt the oleo bill ls  stiiedy enfoiecd��� 1'uim nnd Home'   ���  *     -ii "nl    ,  i (11-   t' r l~i-.it   ���/  n.ulj mt well lined clover hnj is  the most valuable loughnge ^he d.'lij  mun cm giovv sivs L Y\ T.lghtj ' A  cow fed on well emed sllnge add'good  clover bny needs but little mill feed,'  nud that cuts quite a figine in icdtiinig  the? tost of prodreing u pound of buttei and the mst of production Is tbe  onlv end of the mil Let the l'ldlviduil  deimnan cun irinlpulute Iu'these'  times of clobe competition these lac  tois bhou'd all he iiinsKUred       '    '    '  Under the best coiitlltirus I with good  cnre. vve lose quite n little of the feed  lng- inIuTr~ol' llu j. coin, sTover etc,  while cm lng. but bv ,mism-u.ige incut,  we lose as much as .10 pei cent of the  feee'itu value At pi'esent'|.iIces fo.-  diiij pioducts om cmft vhll sink with  biich u leak '    -    '      '  Wnter  Tor ��ho  Co����.   '   '    '  As a result of a sei Ics of euieilments  conducted ut the reiiiisvlvai-l.i evpeil  incut st ition to deteiinlne whethei or  not dah] i-idle lould be fed (olios!  udvuntuge In loco pons with a con  slant supplj of vv.itci oi kept lu stalls  nud wileietl nt ceitaln Inteivals IMo  fessoi limn Hiijwood lOiieli'des tiirl  thrie Is pi title illv no udvuiit !���'(> li'  hiving vvutei cotistil'.llv befoie- t'u  lowfc In tiie stnble Cows tinned Into  the-jaidfoi vvnti-i oricoudiv niu'enn  gooel leti.ius ns those- liiivl-u const ml  access to wntei In the- stable It v, is  found it K(pilled much mou- bi>ilillnr>  to he-op the ion scltan and lomloitul It  In the pen than l-i the stalls Cous'd  ei ilily less labor was requited to err  lor the uniiiiitls in the pen (him In (hi  stalls A biuillei number of got nil  oi laeteili weie lound in the milk o'  those lows kept in the stalls  Cloier Tor Silaffe. ,  Cut clover for sllnge vv ben it is in tlie  best state for tiiuklng Iinj It may be  taken nlmost dhectly from the mower,  but a veiy little vjdtlng^x\\\\ not do any;  harm If much vYIlted^ use'^-ater.^lt  is much better "Hint-It should be riiu  through a cuttipg.bpx father than puti  in whole, although'falrlj good success1  has been had by troFttng lt In tf hole.'.' ^-J  OARE OF HORSES' FEET.  Kvery   Own  r   o' h    I on.   ��lion d   !.*.bi).  Vllllls   >i .,  I >   ii,   l i I     nil  We all ie ogiii.e the nimo tr.uce of  good feet in a hois,. 'J he e -is a  great id-il of ti i'i m the o'el adage,  'No fnt, no jio.bCT- \M.i'l(r borne-  hoi'ts have eon-'cj H illy weak feet  nml leqinie \c t. Aircful' usage - to  prevent iliseisc, m.tiij go wi ong in  then feet fjom c.ue'i-'s or ignoiunt  tic.itinci.t TJie foot of the hoise Is  a loini lev iiig.ui and sublett to many  di'iisiM, the eaiisis und sjniptoins of  which vve- will not elismss In ihis art- _  ule.-. bin rather discuss the means of ~  preventing disease'. Thc mnin point  to he oliserved is to kup the feel in -  ns niitiiuil n shujie mil condition aao  possible 'lhcro is, ui-de- not mnl  eoiidilions, a coMSinnt giowth of all  (he homy oi insmsltive pans oi the  foot, nnd vve inn icadilj ujijlerstund  that if there bo not un ti/tmlly 'constant waste, the oig.m vmII libsume  nbiioimiil si/e, unci, asm coi.seipienio.T.  become ill-shaped Oi eoilisc, dutlng"  youth, while tho annua! is jiowing,  tho giowth of the leul. like that ot  othei oignns, e\ceedb the, vv aotis,  hence thev iiierease in si e Jn< tho  state of nature, the nniui.il wear and  tear on tho utuhod foot equals tho  ordinuiy growth and keeps it in pio-  pir shape, but owing to ihe artificial  in innei in which hoises nie ol necessity reared jn cold climates, their  feet require more attention tnun they  frequently receive. lnteilerei.ee ls  seldom neeissaij  until the hist win-'  WAKCtUL, THE   BF3T  RACEHORSE IS ATJS-   [  11I1IU  ter,  as  din ing  tne summer  months,  wlien the-eolts aie at laige, Iho nat-  mo.1  wear will  sufiee,  but, when tile  weather becomes loid and  thej    aio  kept  in  the stable the giealir   part1  of thi time, oftin  in stalls that nio  not  icgul.uly   ileaned   (vehicli    stoto  favors the growth of lioin), the wear  will  be lnfinitisini.U,  and  iinFess   at- ,  tention be given, the feet will becomo  nbnoimnlly large,  deep in  the heels,' '  long in  the toes,  and  abno mnl   in  shnpc to such nn c\tent ns to tender  it Impossible foi  the nnn-nl to stand1  and n.oie natuinlh      'Ihis coi.di.ion/  nbiioiiiutllv   inci��.ises  the tuision  on j  so ue   of   the   tcielois  and   luraments  nnd lonespon linglv    dm ens s   that  of otheis     If this be .-llowed to cor-  tinue,   the  future  t'scfilnc-s  of    thc  animal will be afie ted     In orelei  to -���  prevent this,  the leet should bu pair-/  ed  oi   msped  down    to   the  mitura^  shape c\uv few weeks dm ng the season of stabling     'I l.o heels should be1  kept well paied dnv n   the wall insp-  ed off on the btaimg siufaee till the  vvnv'.iiouiiii and the toes not allowed to become too long     It is not often necessary, to pun c the   li.o f- og",  oi   the   bnis       In  orde    to  pievent  thi lish  oi   othei   disease  of'the fiog"'  fiom an aceiin. ilation of filth,   itil��"  wise to clean out the sole eve \  day  with   i foot  hook"     In  Jie spingws  often  notice   colts,  v ith   loi g   tois,  deep hielH, and  with thc lowei   margin of'Iho wall   ttiiiing inv aids     In  ���fuch ca��_s the ownei  p olnblv thinks  ltnvise to have tie loot tii'-med beforo tinning t1 e n out to gi.-s5   "\\Ijea.  a foot  is lifted  and the sole elctued!  out picpuntoiv   to tiiiii-uing, it will  be rot ie id thnt the fiog is veij- nar-  )Ow  and shallow    and often there is  a foul-bine 1'ing disihuige     fiom     its  cleft     Tl is ib ilue  to !.e-,le t oiite*  gular   attention     anil,,   as  tho froff,  should   be  laige and   stiong and    so  dap  tint  it  piissis oi.   the gioinia'  vvhen   thc  loot   is  pi inted     in    ordtV  to "-iistain ils p opci    sh.i e   of   the"'  animal's weight and tend to pievent  contiiietion ol tic  hetl=   it i.in reed-  ily,bc, seen that, an. il a g that tends  to   a  dei nasi   in   si/e  oi   p-evention  'of  devilripment    of     this  n-porttint  pnrt of thc fool is it se-ious ininte- '  Regulai i uttention should ba paid to  the) feet  until  the  tune an iv us vvhen  shoes iure lequned,  intei   which ( the  s'lOemg smith will cut,ind insp iwny '  at each -hoeing a sulhcient amount  of houi to keep the loot in   pioper  shnpe      The   intelligent    hoise-shoer  will  be eaielul jtOj not cut the b.ir�� >  down   nor  pare  nnv   off  the  frog  or  sole p\npt what     becomes partially  elet.iihed      Horse  envnets   should   se��  -thnt���tlu I e  is-iuil-tuonnuch���cutting'^-  mid  Lisping, done   in    the    ihoemg  foige      llo scs    should    hnvo    thur'  shoes iciiiinci ovorv month or nt the'  most evciv five weeks   ��� Dm Ing cold  or I'nmp vv ei ther no pmtiiiil.ir attention  is  icquiud   tutilei   thnn  having  tlie  shoes    lemoved    ugulaih     nntl  ileaniug  the   feet out d.ul-     but   in  diy.   hot  weathei     hoises   thu    nio  kept in the stable shon'el hive aili-  fii'lal  nioistiiio supplied  totlnn   ft"t"  Ilniing this senson    the lnai'1     nnd  fielels mc hot nnel dlv  a-d the stplilcv  Horns in a like concilium  'ind unless  some iiu-iiiis be  taken   to stipplv mois- t  ture,   the fed ul'o lieie'io hot,    diy  nnd   hind,     vvl,l'h     eneelition  pitlls-  peists   lo  disease      "\ro|s|i,ic enn'   bo  su  plleel bv the soiklng tub ru funking boots,  or bj   ,stauelliig   In    wep  eluv     Thick' fell^svinlis   lo fit tviofiiid  the wull  nnd"   biiCjklid -nioiiiel     thi'  pn^lcin, uie veil lOiivenlent and sat-  lsf.ictnij        'llus-i'     iillcvcel  to   re-  iiiiiln  in  n  tub oi   watei   until    thev1  lipinuie saLiiiali-d   and   the-n   buckled  on. will keep tlie fev't mo st foi ho ns  Theie nie n gn-a many    noui tint"  meals" nelverte ed and hnrlilv leiom-  nipniled, and while some of thoni limy  be of some value  (ut least foi    ipw  proving the appeal mice of the icel),  theie is nothing quite, ns v.iluehle ns'  wntei   foi   sunpljing     the  in ecssarv^  moistino     Hoises at pastti o e'o "ai  leqtnie thc same n'tentnn,    us   th$  elew and i.-un on the gn\ss will hn\��  tho same .uHop."nf moie attentioi*  wpic paid  toi ^ome^of ,these- nuiUe-s.  1     w*buhl see fo'wei  lame and gioggyjf  hoises on  the^xstrgpts  ni^d ^roads-^  vV^'Pi",.1!1 Lpudo^Farmers' Advo?  j i, * > .u>i?iii fiinw [boi:o    9  -���.,' ^-vj^y-^s,'^" <%<-<. ��i������<���--C^^X���MS!���  .'^ THE IX HE PENDENT.  SATUKDAY. OCTOBER   4, 1303  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY  IN   THB  IN-  'i'UKlSSTS OF THK idASSKB  BV  THE INDEPENDENT PHINT1NG COMPANY.  BASEMENT      OF      FLACK      BLOCK.  HASTINGS STIUUiT.  VANCOUVER, U. C.  StJflSCHIPTlONS  IN  ADVANCE.  this mutter up and lay a plan before  the unions there is every likelihood  that il will be curried out.,, It vvouid  not Iio asking too much of every union mini to contribute a day's work  or ils eepiivalent tovvurils the improvement of ihis valuable |>ro))oity unil  paying off the debt. Wliich union vvill  move   iu tlie mutter llrst?  CliRRENI omivW���ALL SORTS.  Out of Coal.  This year people vvill need to vvutch  their wooden gates on     llullovvc'en.���  Toronto Star.  The World soliloipiizes"thusly: "Let  n mau be u glutton, u vvinebibber, or  a whiskey sunk and thu physiological  laws  of  his  body  vvill      thrown    him  A week, 6 cents; month, 15 cents; three-   , . ..       , .  ,, ���,. .  months, 35 cents; six months, 65 cents:  elmvn,  a. polluied wreck. ihis  one ye-ar, $t.is. (bud  ultaek of rcpcnlnnco with  neat religious elnily.  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND I  LABOR COUNCIL/THE VANCOU-|  ViClt I.AUOH 1'AltTV AND THE1  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  Ti-iiliiilily l'ri'sijent liner considers  thai he is observing lliu divine injunction by having lhe poor always with  hiin. He- sees tu it tlint he hns them  ���pool-��� ulvvaj-s, by taking to himself  the lion's share of the products of thu  The Independent can always be had   properly lie has leased from tloil.���Ex.  at Galloway's hook store, arcade. ,..    ., !    "     ;   ~. ,  J '    Aid.   Ilrovvn   last meeting  wnnted   lo  icplnco a liglil from the vvulcr front  to Hoio avenue so that the people at  the eoltl storage could see to loud up  llieir milk carts. This was voted dowii  Milkmen in all metropolitan cities using city water don't need  a light to lone! milk wagons.  SATUUDAY.  ...OCTOllKlt    1,   W2  The   exhibition   ut   New   Westminster  was all     fair and  a    yard wiele from   promptly  start u> lini-h.  The power of organized workers is  great, hut the poiver of the workers'  wives U uri'uicr.���V\.  Arbitration   is  a  position for ilii!  lh  ood   business  pro-  is parties,  namely:  tlio   workers,   llie  employers    and    'ho  public.  Sir Wilfrid J.iuirier is oil' io Scot-  laud. While there he should lie made  a knight of the thi.-alo and wear kilts.  Hoot,  inuii!  I    lt  is said  thut there are  more than  i'!liU,0u(J trade unionists in iho slute of  I'onnsylvanin.    What     a     power theso  .1500,000  men  huve   on    election      day.  ' Uightly used, the trade unions of the  second great iniliistriul state have the  power to compel the corporations untl  combines us the great coal trust to  neat  tlie workers  I'nirlv.     Will   thej''1  The-'11. 0. l-'loclrie ruil��vuy moved ils  tremendous crowds io lhe New Westminster l-'air tliis week in a manner  which  redounds credit  to  llie staff.  riie despatches thc_ other day announced tlmt the police of Chicago  luul milled a "cripple" factor]". When  ihey broke into the house one retl-heud-  eil beggar was painting his hand vvith  iodine and telling a comrade how much  money there; was in being a disabled  brakesman. Another, whose placard  sniil I lull both his arms were broken,  lifted a cliuin, broke a window and  jumped through il. In nil there vvere  ���2>) pinfcssioiiul beggars captured alter  a hard chase. The government should  The open season for the shooting of mil|i(. it u>th^.M io |JC,��� mul whon peo-  cock .plu-usants   and     quail   begun     on   ,,,,.  ,m  ;���  wnnl  U)  upp,y   to  lh(, JJro.  The matter of selecting a new governor for llie Yukon should bu left  vvith the grafters' club of this city.  Brother liawlins would make a good  ruler.  Wednesday, and from this to lleceuibei:  31 llu- birds will be tlu; victims of suel  elea ami unc.spi'cli'd i-ulauiity.  Col. JLoivcry, of New Denver, from ull  accounts must hnve been up against  the mil thing. when "Little (lus  froze him out of tlie snug sum of '100  bucks J'croiuly al the rule of IU per  hour.    1  tank   so!  It costs less than h'2 a ion in lnbor  power (wages) to mine and transport  a Ion of coal to i\e\v i-jiigluiiil from  lhe mines of Pennsylvania. Can yon  name any reason why eoul always sells  from Sa (o Si 0 a ton? asks an t  change.  Tin; coal mines of this nation arc  more .'Inngeioiis to life and limb ilian  modern war with all its modern inventions. When thc nation owns und  operates the coal mines there -will be  far more regard for human' life���Shoe  Workers' Journal.  An exchange says that there was a  fishermen's trust in the .seventeenth  century, und doubtless ils claims that  il was organi/.eel to lower price-,- arc  ���whut originally gave the fishermen thc  reputation for telling big stories that  they have never been able to livo  - down.  The man  who  put     green  spccluelos  on   his   horse  and   then   feel     the   poor  beast  on  shavings   was   not   so   sharp  us  the modern   trust managers.    They  _havi!_gniii(eil  a fuvv small   increases in  wages, anil then raised the price of  the necessaries of life to a vastly  g?re��iti;r extent, nntl so nro able to  shout "prosperity" at a lime when  wages aro actually growing constantly  suiuller.  per ollicer for relief.  Vancouver was onu   of  lhe first cities  in    the   west to    purchase    its    hall  CONVICT LA UOU.  In answer to a correspondent of the  Hoot and Shoe Workers' .iournal, wlio  wanted to know if convicts empioye'd  ill building good roads would .not compote vvith freo labor engaged in this  occupation,  that uble magazine suvs:  "J-'irsl, in '.10 per cent, of the rouels  In be built by convicts there woulil be  no competition, for the simple renson  that, Mich rouels would remain unbuilt,,  except by convict labor, und secondly,  it is not so much thc mere competition  by the -t'alc but contract competition  tluil docs-thc harm to labor. No right  winded man woulil wish to sec thc  convicts kept in idleness, liuildiiig hew  highways is the minimum competition  and when lhe state elocs this work the  contract system ' is at once abolished.  It is clear to all studeuts of th_s problem thut thc employment of convicts  on roud building i.s the very best rein-  e.'ely so tar."  Count Leo Tolstoi vvas born on August 28., 1S28, near Toula. l.'IO miles  south of Moscow. Ue was tlie nephew  of I'i ince Gorlseliakoll, who ' command  cd tho Russian forces in the Crimean  wur. Almost as a mutter of course,  Tolstoi joined the urniy, serving as a  lieutenant through tho Crimean wur.  The war over, however, ho turned his  thoughts to more serious tilings and  finally became by evolution "the grand  moujik." He is a strict vegetarian, a  non-drinker, und a non-smoker, dressed  in_ihe_sin)plest-niid-chcupest-iuaimurr  and is careful euch day to tlo his shiiru  oi the world's mantiai lnbor. In ISS)]-  )2 he saved thousands from famine by-  dint of grcut exertions tliat brought  upon him a serious illness. Philanthropists from all over tin; world  entrusted him implicitly with the  spending     oi their   contributions  Not Ended.  The eoal strike is not over yet anil  the deeds of violence re|H>rlcd from  ehiy, to day do, not suggest that lhe  dispute'grows'milder nnd approaches  settlement.���Toronto Star.  A l'rior Claim.  "Joe" Matt in hus nominated Col.  Prior for premier of liritish Columbia  when _ilr. Dunsmuir shall retire. Joe  is bound to iile a prior claim for most  things in sight, even if ho hus ,to put  it in sonic one else's name.���Montreal  Gazette.  4)4)-.-^,p4)�� �� ���O ���' ����������� �� ' ������ * ' ������  Joke on the C. N. 11.  An interesting fact has been noticed  in the press recently that the sparrows  have left the C. N. li. elopot. With old  railway men tho sparrow occupies  much the sumo place as tliu rat docs  to the sailor and the rotten ship.���  Winnipeg Voico.  D. C. n Milch Cow.  Thc Toronto Globe i.s on llie right  truck when il says the mining interests must be consulted in the revision  of the tariff, liritish Columbia has  acted as a milch cow for the rest of  the dominion long enough, unei it is  time lor a change.���l'hocnix     l'ioncer.  And   Some   Drink   too   Much.  A Yankee female writer in advising  tlie rest of Immunity hovv to live, says  that "editors should not eal too  much."' Yet it is one of the over  present temptations to wliich the tribe  so often yields, lly the, way, other  people shouldn't eat loo much, cither.  ���Montreal Star.  Owns the Karth  President Unci" si'eins lo have for-  iroltcii thai portion of the Scripture  which reads: "'Tlie earth is the Lord's  and lhe fullness thereof;" or docs he  eonsiilor that he has leased a portion  of it and that his hypocritical devotion to the church is a sulisfuctory  tender of rcnlul?���Spokanu Freeman.  Prices Going Up.  Tho cost of living is increasing, thai  any man with a salary of less than  live dollars a day knows to liis sorrow. Ilnl thc latest crack at the harvest excursionist, tlie hungry working-  man, anil all dollar a day men, is  the rise in (lie meal price from 75c. to  SI _ for each performance on the C. 1'.  It. dining cars.���Winnipeg Voice.  disliked the   work    which     he  .    Ho  called  but we ure sorrv lo say that, it i.s not ."mnking a pipe of oneself,"  "but    lie  ono of the iirst to  pay  for its home J "J-"-1*1 h, ",l ("r ,.^" n���^   ��JL. , ���".  1   ��� starving fellows,    l-.ipmllv eloi-s lu- <ii��"  There is an     outstanding     mortgage,   |ik(, copyrighting his hooks, but helms  which must be paid.    It is (he eluly of  juti.|y allowed this to be done in order  the Trades niul  Labor  Council  lo see to assist tho Doiildiohoi'K.  ^^^^O^^^^^^*^^^^^  ^���������������������������������������^ ���"���  AVhenover (here- Is a special Sale on at Trorcy'x you cun count on  lt that a sensible reason Is always nl the buck of It.  Just now vva are selling a certain line of Clocks nt a specially  low price. Vie have put a hit ot them In our west window. The  large enrd therein tells ynu the absolute Irulh, viz: Clocks that  were from fl.30 to $6.00,  you enn have your choice now for  The.v are in oak and walnut cases; wind every elRht days, strike  the half hour on a cathedral Kong and all are warranted excellent  timekeepers. Wo 'are preparing already for Christmas. That's the  reason for this salo.  EO.- E." TROREY,  |      The Jeweler and  Diamond  MerchaiU  9 COB. OBANVILLf AND HASTINGS STREETS.  9      Official Watch Inspector of the C. P. K. <*  A Little "Manny."  Air.   I.ichurd   MuHrido,    of   De-wdne.y,  and  Sir  Wilfrid  Laiiriur have al least  one peculiarity  in common;   they both  cull it "unny" and ���'munny;" meaning  any" and "many." Sir Wilfrid's  oddity in this respect attracted im-  mceliuto attention in the United Kingdom, where thoy have a quick car for  solecisms and "bad breaks."- Mr. Mc-  lli'ide should now stick to his darling  'unny" like a littic "niuuny."���Lutly-  'uiith Leader.  Taffy for "Joe."  Travelers from Vancouver und the  upper country suy that they are astonished at the increasing |H>pulurily  of Hon. Joseph Martin, llo i.s immensely stronger in Vancouver city lo-  elay than any time since he cume to  tlie province. In (he Kootenays he is  the;  only   public  man   in   the   province  tiiey.ivvill-acknowledge lo-liuvu-any-  bruins and they suy that he: should  huve u chance to use Ilieiu for thc  benefit of llrilish Columbia.���l.aely-  suiiih Leader.  on at  Are You doing Shooting on the flat  You will find a full  line of everything  necessary nt  CHAS. E. TISDALL, 527 Hastings St  ��  170    Cordova     St.,    Vancouver. ��.  9  We reach wherever the mails ���  '  reach. - 1  I  4,.-..,t)4\)..-99��-.99.'-4f9+~*9+  IW1EIAL PROGRESSIVE  AT T11K SAVOY.  I'or the week beginning Octqlu'r (ith  the Savoy has another strong bill,  Caesar, Iho eminent Jlagiciun, is engaged for another week. The Sisters  Lewis,    petite    comediennes,   and   Miss  Sistets  Lewis,   I'etile Comedienne--.  Kate Ifockvvell. u new faco to Ynninii-  ii.i, will be heaiel in some new songs,  also Clnia Kilwurels, auothei -.liu, will  tu1 o pait. Annie Golche wil. lemain  for another week". 1'ost and Ashley,  in a new sketch; Hay Soul haul, songs.  .Mnckny and Croi\, in A l-'nlsu Kiienil;  Miss Lillian Amihtiong and Slav Walker, will bo thcic. These aitisls le-  ceivc ovations nightly. Post ns 1'er-  lywinl le vvill appear���The Black Iiiid's  Club, a seven scene act.  Following Is the platform adopted at  the Kamloops convention of the Provincial Progressive Party:  That this party lays it down as a  first principle that they will nominate,  endorse or support only such men as  will place their signed, undated, resignation in the hands of the convention  which nominates or endorses them;  that this resignation be sworn to; that  this resignation may be handed In to  the lieutenant-governor in council  whenever a majority of the convention  shall consider such action advisable.  1. That we gradually abolish all taxes  on the producer and the products of  the producer, shifting them on land  values.  2. Government ownership of railways  and all means of communication.  3. That the government establish and  operate smelters and refineries to treat  all kinds of minerals.  4. That the franchise be extended to  women.  5. The abolition of property qiiilin  cations for all public ofllces.  6. Farm improvements, Implements  nnd stook not to . be taxed, and wild  lands to be assessed at the price asked  for them by speculative holders.  7. No land or cash subsidies. . Lands  to be held for the actual settler.  8. Ten per cent, of all public lands  to be Immediately set aside for educational purposes and education of all  children up to the- age of 10 years to  be free, secular and compulsory, text  books, meals and clothing to be supplied out of the public funds where  necessary.  !i. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes.  10. Restriction   of  Oriental   lmrotgra  tion by a law on the lines cf the Natal  act, and if said law be disallowed^ lt  be repeatedly re-enacted until the,end  sought Is attained.  lt. That to protect; us from Asiatics  already In the province the government  Insert a clauce in ill private acts to  this effect: "This net shnll be null and  void if the company foils to enter into  an agreement witl the government ns  to-condltlons-of-construetlon-and -operation," and that the house pass n  resolution to. prohibit thc employment  of Asiatics on all franchises granted  by tbe provincial house.  12. Conservation of our forest riches,  pulp land leases to contain a provision for re-foresting so as to produce  a perennial revenue und make_ pulp  manufacture a growlnjr und permanent  industry.  13. That tlie act compelling the scaling of logs liy government scalers be  enforced.  li Absolute reservation from ealo or  lease- of a certain part of each known  c-onl area, so that utate owned mines,  if necessary, may be easily posnlkle in  the future. All coal leases or grants  hereafter made to contain a provision  enabling the government to flx tVie;  price of conl loaded on cars or vessels  for shipments to 13. e?. consuincis.  15. Municipalization and public control ot the liquor traffic.  16. The right to a lefcrondum where  a valuable subsidy or franchise Is to  be conferred.  17. That all transportation companies  be compelled to give free transportation to members of the legislative assembly and supreme court and count.\  Judgeo.  IS. Kleetion day to be a public holiday, and provision made that eveiv  employer shall be free from service at  lenst four consecutive hours during  polling time. I  Easily...  Lengthened  ABSOLUTE  COMPREHENSIVE}  FAITHFUL  GENUINE  INEXPENSIVE  PROFITABLE  RELIABLE  SAFE  SURE  TRUSTWORTHY  Of what other Investment than Life Insurance can all these adjectives be as truUifulHy descriptive! Any one or two place a security ln a high class; all combined moke lt noteworthy. Many  more might Justly be appll2d to Life Insurance���THE investment of  the age. ' c  UNION MUTUAL POLICIES are every whit In line in progres-  sTveness, values and privileges���contracts that not only aim t��  protect but really do in the minutest particulars. All facts cheerfully furnished free.  PORTLAND, MAINE. , Incorpobated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  Why arc our Top Coat* in such grout demand? Because we cniry none  lint lh�� best tailored   ffurinenl that ^skill can  produce.  We admit thai no.lirin has a monopoly of nil thc brains nnd skilled artisans in tiio country, but we huvo put them to the (est, and consider thnt  there are no better garments nuiile in Canada to-day than those Swell Top  Coats which wc one showing. ...  Prices range from $10, $��2,$I5, $10 to S20.  Try one of our Coats before purchasing. We consider it a pleasure to  rihovv our goods. '  CLUBB   &   STEWART,  Telephone 702.  309 to 3Lr> Hastinos St. W.  I IW 1UH  1  Su))f)!y  From Their rataaima.bonthfieM and  Protection lelanO lolliories,  Steam,  Has  and  House Coal  Ol tho Following Graden:  Double Screened Z^urap,  Run ot the Mine,  . Waahed Nut and  (Screenlnii*  SAMUEL M. BOBINS, Ruperlnteiiileni.  BVAHB, COLEMAN 4 KVANB, AucuM  Vancouver flily. R <'���  fti'-r,Wfti'��__Sw#"Wk3��*,iP \Wi.-m^*i  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST IWLS. BtST StHVICL  Bm|)erial Limited  06 Hours to Montreal���Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.  , Transcontinental     PasoeiiKcr   Train  leaves daily at 14 o'clock.  Seattle and \Vhatcom;Expicsa leaves  dally nt UOS o'clock.  KMI'HKSS OK INDIA JULY 2S  TARTAR   AUGUST 4  HMP11I86S OF JAPAN  .. AUGUST 18  SAILINGS    FOR    HONOLULU    AND  AUSTRALIA.  MOANA JULY 25  MIOVVERA AUGUST 22  And every four weeks thereafter.  For full particulars an to time, rates,  etc., apply to  E. J. COTLB.        *     JA9. SCLATER,  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B C.    428 Hasting* St.  Vancouver, B.C.  THERE. IS  of Fire or Injure  Health when you usp  the  The price is now.  such that almosti..ev-  erybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Of-,  fice of  !, 8. ftt I). I  LTD.  Gor.-Garrall and-Hastings-  Streets.  Pacific ftoiiiitig  Works  Importers and Roil ter*  GORE AVE.   'PHOXE 783.  SOLE AOKNTS. J.J-���*A.-Utl-rfo.  K  1  Xm  ii  "-I  1  If  i  .'SATUKDAY..,..._..OCTOBER   4, 1902  TIIE INDEPENDENT.  I  I  I  ik  it  II. A.. URQUIURT,  Hardware,  Stoves,   Ranges,   Etc,  35  Hastings Street East.  P. O. BOX 3K. ,PH0NK m  W. J. McMSLLAN & Co.,  Whoumalb Agents fob  1TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  Brands i  MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA, BODQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL, JDSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Cilumbla Aveune, Vancouver, B. 0.  ���99  For Good Reliable  ������e  Union Made  oot* and Shoes  GO TO  R. HILLS, Thc Shoe Man.  NOTES FR01I TIIE  COMING TOWER.  15Y REX.  UTho counuig tower of a moilcrn battleship Is  a small armored pilot house itl tin, forwnrd  euel ol Hit. ship, from winch tlio eiiputln  mutes his, observation-! nml directs the  courie o[ his vessel. In timvs ot enr or  pence, in culm ui t>inrin, it Is �� viintngc  point from ��In tli lo sui things It thus be  eomea a happ) sjmlwl of the allituilu of  ono who loves to look out over the wide .sen  of human life, anil report his eoniiotiitioiis.]  ".Men aie  the qicate&t patjnt loedi-  -cinc  iicnds   on  euith. '    So     aie  vvo-  , .men.  At a eel tain saloon in Yunr oi,\ er  the othei _.iii>-ht two losomo uo eicn-  -ecis weie chaftinp; .ibout old time's  gono by, and as they iuUe*l theii  glasses foi tho parting dniLi one of-  feiod the follow ing toast "To oui  motheis���the onlv faithful loiidois vvho  novel misplaced a switeh."  Tho lliffh Skut.  Tho hoighl al which thc aveiago vv'o-  ���. man's skht   is   now being held is un-  ,attractive, becauso it has pivs-ed that  poilod of ait vvheie.it   is suggestive,  .and is meiging into bald lealiMii The  essence of all art or uttiaorion is miu-  gtjctivc. A sugycslion of lace, u moie  shadow of luflle, a twinkle of heel,  an occasional Hash ot tho thousandth  pail of the ankle���that vvas a tli active;,  elusive, fascinating' I'heio wus a elc  lightful uneeiluintv about it, nu illusion thut mnde thc ankle ivvi'.e us  piettv and the skut a cloud of rihny  imagination. Hut when ,i nice, Jean  gill, supposed  to have a sensible heuei  . nnd unsophisticated henil, delibciately  _ynnks hei skut up with a detcimin-  ntion to show as much as possible ol  fool and ankle, a man is disilhinioncd  ��� on tho instant His sense of ihe ni-  tistic  levolts,   femininity  bfeoiucs   m-  . ninty. Tho cllort lo .ittitut hi-, attention is too pulpable.   It is too ea-y.  -to sec tho ankle, nnd tho ankle loses  ils  illusive  chaim.    Jn   other  winds,  things aie, or should be, oiei.jn. She  has hud manv lepieheusiblo h,.u,ls in  hei dav���the bon bon habit, the habit  of wealing five pounds en \ inlets, iu  hor coisage, tlio =oda water Iiubit. the  matinee idol habit, the ehevviim gum  habit, the cigaiette habit���'mt none ot  theso has uppiooched a lolly and \u!  guuty the high skin halnt  Tlioy Always Say So  A vvoninii gives buth to a boy and  with uiio anil devotion laises luui to  ycuio anil mal.es> a man oi hun. At lei  twenty-live oi Unity yeais of hei influence ho illumes, anil in si\ months  people aie suying thai his wife miulr  him.    .  The lusliionublo lools in Nevv Yolk  city aio erecting costlv tombstones  ovei the icmnins of dead dogs 'lhe.  eats will eomo next.  boldness is disgusting to tho ai ei age  man, and especially so in a mec, ,it-  tractivo gnl, to   whoso   natuie    such  re.6.6.��.��.9.O.O.G��0.����  >i��  Overall Clothing  9  e  ��  i ft  9  ��� 0  ��� ���9  9  v   O  ���  ��  9  9  9  e  .  9  9  t  9  9  -��  Stands Every Test.  The ie.i! tost of Ovci.ills Is  vv ear.  Those Hint last longest and  never iIp nre the cheapest to  buy anil tho best to near.  UNION BRAND OVERALLS  aie the most durable, therefore  the most economical. They are  m.iele of the best material, cut,  sew eel, nnd icinforeed by expeil-  e'lced Union Labor.  LOOK FOR OUR BRAND  ON THE TICKET.  (I.IMITUD)  ���i 9  *     MAW'S BLOCK, WINNIPEG, HAN.  9  ��$��9*e.0.9.****9.G.��.9  l'ooi Judgment.  It seems to the mun in the Towci  Hint a paper like tho Scuttle ]��-I  claims to be, shows veiy pool taste  unel .uelginont in using on ils cditoual  pane llu: fad ol yellow louinnls ofycais  ago���the ��� pun ' We should imagine tho  ediloi-iu ihief would cut this sty]" oi  paiagiaplis out. Iiiii even some rdi-  lois have a l'ylo to Irani  'Iheie uie moie ' holel-ups" in Seattle  in a night, aecoiding to then own  papeis, than occuis in ull Canada in  a yem. Seattle is the home of "pickpockets," '���giafti'is:" "biiueo men '  and   "luuieleiois."  Must Liko Abuse.  Lieut -Gciieiul Nelson A. Miles, the  caiumundei of the Aiueiican anuies,  unel second onlv to the piesident; ot  the Unitcel States in lank, wus leicnl-  ly in Seattle At the same time Leu el  Chuiles Hoicsioid, adniual of the Bntish navy, was on the Atlantic oust  Smely this was pioteclion io both  Pacific and Atlantic Hut -.hat wo  waul to mention is  this,  in      looking  fioiu__eiur_pluce_of _v antagc liun.ii al  Miles o> the Ijniieil Slates is ulv.avs  in the newspupeis ed thai eountiv l<uy  he sil'Iiis lo hotel onto lus job nt ull hn-  /uiels Kvideutly the geneial enjoys  being iimelo a punching hair loi the  adiiunisUalioii ol the sinks It woulil,  seem that any othei soleliei siibi.'i cd  to sin.li tieatuient as hi. lm- neeive'il,  ne un diner lo nevvspapei irpoit loi the  past live yeais, would cull leu au in-  visdnatiou or would expose the m'  net ol the ntlntks upon imn. bu (Ion  ol nl .Mill's simply su'ins to smile nil  the iiiiiii* si'immlv i-iieli tunc he i-  swiilled lleyonel eloulil his must he  un  egotism   ulisolutelv   invineibli'  A gill who hus no olhei ->l>i. ���t in  lile only to die-s and paiaele (hi  stn'cis will nevei amount to miieh.  (live hi'i a wide beilh, voting ii'ati, il  you uie, looking for a wife  Mis Mclvinlev has pieiti'sted no.iinst  tlio use ot hei husband's nntiie for an  hotel in Cunlon, Ohio This is un action that the publu. in a.iv c.uinliy  will appiove1, anil it is to bo hojHid  that if tho ludv hus *o <\o lo law to  win her point she vvill bo successful in  restraining tho hotel man "ibe use  of gieat and good men's nann's us the'  designations or trado iiur\s ' o1 uu  vvoithy institutions, establishments ea  ���X:-'^X t'-yxf,.  >*'.,    'Oil,  ���;       ' �� ��    ,V    ..  "'" yl-",X- ��� ���' 'X-  --:;v XXy'%  -"\.^. ',.'���-.' v.;;'   -;.v,.._.,,  &b'$XaWMiihwri-..'''- ������,.''/.* :X<'"-\.-'.   '':*"���>"' i-   "'* i v-."j'.'���.':';  immM^xXAi���-. :'-aai ."- -:???  \\xy-- -xx z.-^xr,'- '^.xy  ssait  THE KKW 1M3ST3I1NSTRR EXHIBITION BUILDING.  NEW WESTMINSTER LACROSSE CLUB.  (Uppei   iovv.���T   Wilkinson, fi   Cowan, V. S.  Gnlbiuith, A. Tuinbull.  \\.  S Glav,  Geo. lleninc,  Slnnlev IVelo.  (Midello)-C.   I)    I'oele,   |{.   Clievne.   H   l nthum  (Lowei  iovv)���XV. Gilienel,   I'    Lvneh, 'I     liennie,  0. A   A\eleh (Viec I'lesiilenl) /  THE MONTREAL SHAMROCKS.  fUppei   iovv)���T    Slutteiy   (I'ulel   Captain),   Finlav-on, ll.  McLaughlin,   Qiiinn   (goal),     llooblin,  T.   O'Connell,  II.  Tuhev;, C   Hint, I) Itullv. .)    I.ally. li    Duniphv,  Knvunagh  CMiddlu   iovv)���M     Hughes   (Mnungci). Hobinson,   llowaid  (Lowei   iovv)���Smith,   I*    Itii'iiimu   C'niiii',  McKiovvn.  .)    Uiennun,  .1    Teuiinc V.   Minphv.  uitieles of ceiininciti' is a .ii-lnn il.il  shoulel be stopped wh n Hie ��.m��i\ in ���>  lelatives oi elesiondants ni lh- un n  so~ honoied* "inleip iso-~i>iihiiii)ik��� \  stuti'sman's. soldii'i's, loiutinli--, s lnm  ily havo lights in his lanu1, uu.) llie'v  aie within then liuhts ,vh. n 1 l.i v oh  leet to lhe lucking of that name m  fame to a elienp eigtii, a sii^pnwle'i a  saloon or au hotel Tin' vil'st (lunli'i  in New Yoik vvas nniiiKl the .Iclle'i-oii  One ol llie lowest lirei halls in  "toiint" iu Scat lie is mil d tl.i ,(d-  niiinl Dewey. A vile saloon ..illid lhe  I'itiiiKlm is mi ulTiont to the nn in-  oiv nf n ifooil mnn Gumi iilulitiiii'io-  pisls hnve hail llieii poid tits ,-ul us  winppi'is 'm eignls \ ��� ijil,l,'il ilin"  might be enllid the Vicinn.i. 'I la- �����  talili-liincnt bv the iniiits m u | ���'��-������-  dent fm the pioti'i'tinn ol ilium's l",m  such  inisiisi'  woulil   be  nl   inn, li   v ilue  THE FAIR.  Xc.or hofoic in the histoiv of the  New Wcslniinslci 1'uir weie theie siuli  a tii'incndiiiid atleiidiuico 'lhe gioat  exhibition of lacioss�������Jfuvv Vcslinin-  stei vs. Monlienl Shami ocks���vv as the  (hawing card. The seoio on Tueseliiy  was 10 to 2 m fui or of the home  team. Tho visitors won by S to 1 on  Thursdav. This altornoon the tie vvill  be played oft". These aio lhe> crack  teams of tho w orld and wc lidec pleasure in producing their photos to day.  NOTING TO ARBJFRAfE.  __.Judiie_5liiiiuv_J'' _'luli'v,_oi_Chicag(>.  favoiubly known to Hade unionists in  1 lie 'iniilille west, pioposts n new plan  of aihiliution. to vv it 'lhe iMi.iclii.i'iit  bv li gislutiiic* ol laws (.oiupi'lling n'l  coi pm nl ions to siilunit to aibitiatio'i  all iniliistiiul ili-puti's when then employes (leinaiid sink aibituitioii, .iml  that nny loipoiuiion lel'iising to .nbi  tiuli' shall foili'it their ehailci 'lhe  nidge iiiakes a -linn!.' aigtiiiu'iit m  favoi of (his plan. lie shows that  such ini'ii ns Mm gnu have n in thru  powei to inilut um,ild iniseiv ii|onihi'  gii'iit publu. oi tluil llii'ii n'fiisi-,i to  nil itl ule miulil ii'siill in a ,'anu anil  Willi' biiMiii ss nnn Judge 'luliv is  oppeis,'i| (,, loinpiilsoiy mbida'.io'i lie  linn's tluil lnbor oignui/nti.iiis at all  times would be Willing lo -ii'm i' I"  uihilialion Auvhow, Ihis fj'uii is  worth lonsuli'iation. 'I he laboi ni'.oii.s  tue iu favoi of voliiiitiuy aibitialiini.  the gieat eoipenalieiiis and liu~t>- hav  "nothing to nibilialc," thus thogicat  ulass of the people, the vvoikoi- and  public, must stilu'i hmiit-c ( t the ic-  fusal  of  theso  giant  combines   lo     be  fair.  i  It may bo well lo call to mind tlml  the  do-tpots  thnt  t uli tl   Kiaii'V.     fiom  Louis XIV. to Louis XVI   ha I "until  ing to arbitrate,-'   but ihe    oppie'ss,.,l  people finally took matin s n.t,) ihar  own hands with the vesult ilrit the  woild gu/eel in honoi on the leign o*  (eiioi Thc Shoe \\orkeis' Join nnl  ��nys-lhut thc gieui-ltiboi-piobleiL-will  not'down, noi will theie be industiinl  pinto so long as those vvho have  uiown irie'iil and powei nil thiough  bought, legislation and spi'eiul piivil-  e'trCs gi anted to thein by the people aie  j pel nutted   to hold swnv.  In then mail ni-hes ten wealth the  people; aie loigntten they tiamplo upon the lights of oigam/ed laboi as  witness (he nuiiieioiis injiinelions, they  oppii-- with then uu list lomliinalioim  ll'o meat lilies of tlm piopli', nml 'hen  ele hue with the eoul mist dial. "Wc  nie nsolvi'il io have mil wnv. wo le-  lii-e to iielinit tluil then' nie two  si'li-, nnel wo lmve nothing to nilii-  tiau."  'I he icliisiil of ihi"-o gical capilalists  toisiibma lo nibitiaiioii simply means  ih.it a, duy oi ii'ekeuiing is fust, ap-  piouihiiig when they will lime to iec-  Koii with an outiagul public, lt will  not, be oignm/eel laboi alone that will  attent lo then case it will lie the gieat  publu, tho un-iit middle class, if you  ple.i-e, led by nisi sm.li hiinest men as  Judnc Miuiny V. Tulev, and (hose  who for vears have'lobbi'd, "by law"  tho | eoplc will find that they havo  something to nibiliate.  Advertise In The Independent, official  oigon of the trades unions.  Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER. TRADES AND  Labor Oouncil meets first and third  Thursday In each month, at IM p. m.  President, W. 3. Lamrick; vice-president,  F. 3. Russell; secretary, T. H. Cross; financial secretary, J. T. Lllley: treasurer,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arras, C J��  Salter; statistician, J. H. Browna      SHIRT WAIST AND LAUNDRT  WORKERS UNION. No. 105���Mect��  every 2nd and 4th Thursday in cacU  month In Union Hall. President, G. W.  Rowlands; corresponding secrolury, II.  Alltree, 1027 Richards Street; financial  .secretary. .Miss M. Whitman; treasurer.  Miss Jeolouse, dcleKatcs to Trades ami  Labor Council, G XV Rowlands, J. Har-  Sie, W. MoDermott and I. J. Colthart.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION, No. 120���President,  Fred Hawe; vice-president, J. A, Dlbden;  corresponellnK-flnanciiil secretary, J. A,  Stewart, BI Cordova St ; recorder, E H.  Goodmurphy; treasurer, G. Bower;  tnilele. A. H. Lesatt, guardian, G. Bowers; delegates to T. & L. Council, J. A.  Dlbden and Fred Hawe. Meets first ana  ihlrd Wcilncsda>s of, each month In  Union Jlall;   Vl-AITERS AND WA1TRESSDS UNION.  Local No. 28. President, Charles Over;  vlce-piesident, A. N. Herrinston: seoro-  lary-treasurer, J. H. Perkins Meetlna  everv Friday evening at 8JO o'clock la  Union Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmuir  streets.  .  VANCOUVER TYPOGiRAPHICAL UNION, No 236, meets tho fourth Monday  In ench month at Union Hall. President,  C. S. Campbell; vice-president, H. W.  King, secretary, S. J. Gothard; P. O. box  G<>, treasurer, Geo. Wilby; sergeant-at-  arms, A. F. Arnold; executive committee, F. W. Fowler, G. E. Plerrott, W.  Brand. Robt. Todd; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council. XV. Brand, S. J. Gothard,  F, W.  Fowler.   STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  each month in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at S p m. President, Robt Brunt, vice-  president, Chas Bennett; secretary, A.  G Pcrr>, 33 7th Avenue, treasurer, F. C.  O'Brien; conductor, Ed Manning, warden, A. J Wilson, sentinel, J. Howes;  delcKiites to Trades and Lnbor Council:  C. Bennett, Robt Brunt, Geo. Lenfesty,  A   J. Wilson and J   Howes   UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets everj-  second and fourth Wednesday in Union,  hall, room No 2 President, A. E Coffin;  vice-president, Joseph Dlvon, recording  secrotary, Geo Dobbin; financial secre���  tarj, J. M Sinclair; treasurer, J Ferguson, conductor, G. Fingley, warden, G_  H Blair; delegates to the Trades an&  Labor council, R Macpherson, J. M.  Sinclair, Geo Dobbin, Jos Dixon, Geo.  Adams, .delegates to the Building Tradea-  Councll, M   McMullen, Levi C   DeWolfo  INTERNATIONAL ORDER OF BLACKSMITHS, Vancouver Union. .No. 151 ���  Meets the first and third Monday In cach.-  month nt S p m , in Union hall, Homer  stieet President, Robert Grav, financial  secretory, George Nesbitt, ]207 Homer  stieef recording secietarj, D. Robinson,  box 17, Vancouver, B C , delegates t��  the Trades and Labor council, Wllliaiv  Latham, D. Robinson, R   Edwards  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No 113, W.  F. M.. meets every Saturday at 7 30 V.  m in Forester's Hail. Van Anda. President, John D. Fraser, vice-president, J.  W Austin, secretary, Alfred Raper;  treasurer A. G Delghton conductor.  Wm A McKay, warden, Henry Patter-  son.   INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF"  Electrical Workers, Vancouver Local,  No 211���Meets second and fourth Tuesday  ln each month in Union hall, room No. 4.  President, Geo Cowling, vice-president,  R P Irwin, recording secretary, A. D.  Hotson, 635 Richards street, financial  secretary, John Dubberley.   CIGARMAKERS' UNION NO 357���  Meets the llrst Tuesdav in each month,  in Union Hall President. C L Kuhn;  vice-president, C Parsons secretary, J.  C Penser, c|o Mainland Cigar Factory;  ticasurer, S W Johnson; scrgeant-at-  anns, J. Schuylmoer: delegates to��  Trades and Labor Council, J Crow, C. I*  Kuhn and John Mlllan   THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION1  meets In O'Brien's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. D. Mo-  Lean, president; W. J. Lamrick. ��<*��-  tary, US Princess street. ;.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DFCORATORS Locnl Union No 1H!  Meets -2nd & 4th Thmsdav in Libor HalL  President, W. Pavier; vice-preaident, Vv  Halliday, recording secretary, E Crum,  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A Gothard, 822 Howe street: tr*a��-  urer, H. MoSorley.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  Machinists���Beaver Lodge, No 18!-"  Meets second and fourth Monday in.  each month in Union hull President. ���  R Edwards, v lce-presldent, Fred Knight;  recording secretarv, Geo Dovvncv. Ilnancial secretary, 11 J Littler. :>".! Hustings  street east; treasurer, E Tlmmins;  guaul. F  Coughlin.   VANCOUVER FISHER MEN'S  Union, No. 2���Meets in Union hall.  Homer street, everv Saturdaj, al 8 p ro.  Steve Dames, president; Chas Durham,  secretary pro tem.   JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' Internationa! Union oC  America, Local No 46, Vancouver, BC.  President, T. Baxter, vice-president, J.  Ingles, recording secretary, F W. Bar-  tlo, financial secretary, M MacLean, 31t��-  Westminster Avenue, Mount Pleasant: |  corresponding secretary, J. Webster, 28*4-  Wcstmlnster Aveue, Mount Pleasant;  treasurer, J. Wilkinson.   JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNIOW  OF AMERICA, No 178���Meets lst an*  3id-<Mondiiys_in_ ioom_l,_Union_Hnll. _  President, C Whalcn; vice-president,  F:* Logg, recording- secretory, F. Williams, 1814 7lh Ave. W.; financial secretary, T. Wood, treasuier, W. vv.  Toombs; sergeant-at-arms, T. Matthews.  UUILDEKS'    LAR0UKRS   KKDKKAJ*  UNION, No. ��2, VniuoiiiiM���MeeW  eveiy Thursday evening at S o'clock,  in room No. I, Union Ilall. lV-idunt,  1'ied. Collins; secretaiy, 11. Sellers,  Western Hotel deleiTntes to lhnldingr  Trades Council, H. Solids, Clnis Kol-  cy and John Sully.  MIXJtS A HrRClALTV   OF . .  o    oewar's special Liqueur, also ��� ���  o    usmn Block lgdci liqueur tmiski  -LAROB STOCK OF-  IMl'OKTKD AND HOME3T10  . Clears.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Pron*.  OnnNKR COBDOVA  AND CARBAU,  HOTEL NORTH VANCOUVER.  A delightful summer resort; strictly  first-class and up-to-date in every respect.  Terms, $2 per day, $10 per neck, special  rates for families. Saddle ponies, horses  and Tigs alwavs on hnnd for visiting the,  Capllano, well known for Us excellent  fishing and shooting. Boats for hire any.  time.   Band every Sunday afternoon  P. LARSON, Prop,  f  t   - THE OLD AND  NEW.  SKETCHES  OF  THE  LIVES  OF  LORD  SALISBURY AND MR. A. J. BALFOUR.  X^te Hritlsh Premier Descended From  tho Greet ailnleter of Queen Klizubetli's  Rolen��� Hijh reunion Ho Occtlplre as  a Sttttosmnn���Xovt rremier, lltcht llou.  A. J llalfour. le His Neplietr ��� Sir  Michael  tilcks-Beach's Uctirenient.  With the late Sir. Gladstone, Lord  'Salisbury, who has just retired from  the British Premiership, for many  years figured in the public mind as  one of lhe two great statesmen of  England, and the picturesque fact  ol his (k'sceiii from the. grent Minis-  tcr -of Queen Elizabeth's reign, has  hee-n told in every possible form.  I.orel Salisbury became llie leader of  the Conservative party on the death  of Lord Keaeoiisliold in 1881, and  lias had the gooel foi tune of guiding  lis destinies limine; a penod ol good  foi tunc, fiom a p.uty point of view,  almost unpiecethntcd. His lust Mm-  isty was, hovvcvci, a mete mattci of  convenienee Gladstone was defeated on the taxation ol beei���the question so dear to .111 Englishman's  heart���111 ISj!.", .mil LortrSnlisbui v  took oflice. while in a 11111101 Uv 111  the Commons wound up the ailnus of  .-'--'>>  '��^>  lOIiD   SALISBUltY.  the Pailinment vvilhlMi Gladstone's  tneil assistance, and luoutrhl .iliout a  geneial eleelion 111 which he was de-  fe.itcd, although not veiy deeisnely  Mi Gladstone .ig.un took ollice in  1SSG, and then e.nne the gieat home  1 ule luptine, followed bv a second  geneial election within a few months,  in v.hieb the Coii��-ei vnlives, with the  udeie-.l Miength of the gieat Libcrnl-  Uinonist wing, undci the piesent  Duke of Devon-line Mi. Cl.ambeil.un  and the late .John Blight, swept all  befoie them, and gave Loid Snlis-  burj a Mx-vcni tenn of oiliee It is  impossible to lecount the ochievo-  inenls of his Ministry dining this  long pei lot! 'Iho most notable was  the institution ot lice schools  tlrouchoiit England, but at the  general election 01 18<)2, aitei apio-  longed campaign, what was called  the Newcastle piogiuin of the  Liheial jiaitv, a piomincnt fc.itine  ln winch was home 1 ule foi lielnnd,  the second .idiiunisti.ition 01 Loid  Salisbmy was eieie.Ued by a m.ijonty  oI-IO Koine 1 ule, .is wo know",  was defeated 111 the House of Loid��,  and the tommy .lppnieiuly approved," .is on (he defeat of the J.oscbciy  Gov "i nment 111 the Commons in  ISO."] Loid S.tlisbin v was again 10-  tuni'd to jiowci with ���n 'inpiccodent-  edly l.ugc maionty At the expn-  alion of live yeais of oflite, in 11)00,  a second appeal to the countiy was  ma.le, and the Unionist Mimsliy was  sustained without 1 eduction in Us  tiemcmlous   mnjonly.  Loi el faalisbiny is an .11 dent student and has ni.i.le toiisidciablc 01-  iginal icsc.uih in clicmistiv The  l.itei jeais of his life, we may be  bure will be spent in full eniov ment  ofthe highest intelleitual plonsincs  It may be noted that he is thiilrcn  yeais younger than Gladstone when  he   letncd fiom inibbc life 111  Ib'Jl  1 li�� >��ir rtemii-l.  Right Hon A J Balfoni. the new  rremier, is a nephew of Loid Salisbmy, and undoublod'v owes largely  to tlu.s nnpoit.int fact, lus e.nly and  rapid promotion in public life,  though not even his st longest opponents   would deny that he lias jus-  eminence, but Mr. Balfour, the least  conspicuous of the party, bus climbed iho highest; -, Lord Salisbury  made his nephew his private secretary in 1S7,S. and took him to Berlin to the famous "pcnce-vviih-hon-  01" conference in that "year. Later  on he lilled the offices of President  of the Local Government Board,  Secretary foi-.Scotland and Secretary  for Ireland, and on the death of .Mr.  H. W. ���Smith, shortly before th? close  of Lord Salisbury's first, long administration, ho was 1 nliosi tilt ing ly  conceded his right to the leadership  of tho House, a position he resumed  on the return of his'un.'le to power  in 1805.  .Mr.   Balfour is an author of some  repute, his inost  notable work beini;  "1'liilosophic   Doubt,"    the  title      of  which shows'at once the nnl urc     of  the   book, and the trend of ilie writer's niiiiil in matters religious.'- lie is  11   bachelor, a cyclist ami a golf, player,     lie is courteous and alTubfe, and  popular   vvilh nil parties.   Sometimes  he  has   been  declared      larking      in  strength,   nnd bisleiKlers'Aip of   the  Commons has^not been considered  n  striking    success" by  some.      Of    his  wide   grasp of public affairs, high intellectual   powers nnd general polili-  c.il   sagacity no doubt is eniertaineel.  ine'klenlally,   in   a speech in Glasgow,   Mr.   Balfour   throw  sonic   light  011   tlie bent of character ruihur ihim  policy .-.���whicli' has made him the powei    he is  in Parliament.    '���The-British'"Empire,".. he said,   '-is governed  ���as .every"free 'community,     in    my  judgment,   must be governed���em 1I1V  party system:   nntl  thu -parly1 system  iceiuires of    those  who  lake"part    in  it   that they shall be arrayed in opposite   canlps,  that they, shnll    form  part of disciplined forces in'perpetual  and': perennial conflict;  and'it is inevitable that the  public appearances  which   British politicians 'make., shall  111    the  great  majority of.-instances  bo   performances'in which  the    con-  tioversial clement plays a large part.  I   myself have perhaps been engaged  in  as bitter political  strife ns   any  man of this generation���(applause)���  nnd.. yet-I can most truly say,   and  those   vvho  know, me  host   will not  think  I,exaggerate���I can most truly  say   that I lovo not controversy for  its   own, sake,  und I would  gladly,  nnd I do. gladly,  do all that: lies in  my -power,   to mitigate the severity  and! occasional brutalities    of    puli-  Iil   controversy;   arid to deprive that  which  -I regard,  as 1 have said   as  a   necessary element in our constitutional   life,  to  deprive it of all,that  is   evil,  and ns much ns possible of  thar.   which is better."-      In     other  words, Mr.   Balfour   is   a   strong party   man,    who  believes  in    treating  his   opponents   vviih courtcsv.  ENGLAND'S BIG BANK  THE WEALTHY OLD LADY OF THREAD-  NEEDLE STREET, LONDON.  Chief Financial Institution la the World  Is a I'rirute Corporation, Hut Ihrmicli  Its Finuiiclnc of (ha Gorernment llehl  It Mlslit IU Culleil llie>"utimiul limit,  af Crpst Ittiiiiln ���Its rmiiulpr.  The B.ink ol England is perhaps the  chief financial institution of ih-j  world il i1- a private 'corportiliou,  but it has since ils orguni/.atinn.  been the depository of the Covcin-  iiieiii'.s fund-,. It has much to do  Wilh linuncing the Government dolt,  and il might be called the National  Bank of Gnat Britain. ��  The Bank is now 20S years old,  ll wus founded 111 lhe 2Sih of .Inly,  ltiO-l, by William I'aterson. who was  horn   in Scot land.  The Government wanted'monoy und  Pateison snw that it could give exclusive banking privileges loan institution which woulil furnish a pci'-  innirnl loan at a reasonable rale,  lie organized 11 combination of some  of lhe chief British merchants, hacked by a capital of SO.000,000, and  olleicd to loan this ainouni 10 llie  Government at lhe then law rate of  8 per rent, per annum, on the cein-  di'ion that the Government vvouid  give tlio combination n charier to  deal i.n bills of exchange, billion nud  bend--, end pay it SlOO.flOu ayc.ir  for    han Mini  tlie  Government   debt  This o:.er was accept ed .ind llu  Bank of lug-hind was lhe result. Peterson was one of th-.' original direc-  ' hi, Uetiriitt; (Mitim-i-Uur.  Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, who re-  tnes from the Cabinet, is a very  foiccful Gloucestershire Baronet, who  has been a leading figure in the Con-  seivative and Unionist Administrations of the last thirty years. His  chief portfolios have been those of  the Colonies, 1878-1SR0; Chancellor  of the Exchequer, 18SC-86; President  PATEKSON.   FOUNDER   HANK   (lh  KNf.LA.NU.  KI0IIT HON    A   J   I'VIFOLl:  tiled his uiHc s piefeienec to the full  nud   siKivvn himself one of lhe sti oncost   and  most  biilbnnt stiitesniin of  his   g, iieinlioii Ills    fnt hoi      was  ���I nines Alaitl.in 1 I'.ilf,"ii 01 l'lision-  biook, 1'iddlii^lonshiK Scotland  when Mi lialfoni wns lioin in l^lH  his niotbii being loid S.ilisbiuv s  sistei, I id' Illtn'he CYcil Young  Bnlfotii was elieiifCtl 111 Eton ind  Cunibiidge 1111 enteied I'.iii inuii  in 1871 Hi vvas dm uu the long  Disincl 1.1.1 penod u incmb^i of a  tiny pin tv ol Consei vnlivc fite  linees, notii nallv suppoitcis of tho  Mimstii" who neveithelc-s took-con-  Sidfi ible libei U with tho whip 'Ihey  became Known as the louith puitj,  the othei niombcis being the late  Lord Itundolph ( hurclull Mi Goisl  ��nd Sir Heniy Liummond-WollT All  four   were destir cd to rise to t'i cut  PII! MICHAEL IIICKf-nEACII.  '  of the Board of Trade, 1S8S-1S92,  anil Chancellor of the Exchequer,  1S��5-1!I02. lie has hnd the financing of the greatest war since the  Napoleonic struggle, and while his  methods have been criticized from  various poinlS|Of view, thero has bei'n  110 general disposition to conde'mn  hun. In fact the Opposition . has  quite frequently treated his financial  attitude vvith marked favor, especially since he came Lo be accepted by  many as the 'representative in the  Cabinet of what may be termed anti-  Ch.iiuhcrlninism. anil tbo exponent of  views on trade 1111TI finaneiel questions which were in.straight line with  the doctrines of Bright, and Cobdc-n,  while Mr. Chamberlain seemed to  show, il nol a leaning to a modification of these views-, at least an open  inilld-on-the-Mih.t'cfc = :   Before the war Sir Michael" hnd  splendid budgets and linnilsome surpluses, ^followed of course b.v enormous deficits nfter lhe war expendi-  tme begun. The national debt; too,  which had been -handsomely reduced  din ing the'- prist twenty, yenrs, bus  lumped up ifguin to where it stood  a generation ngo, but the retiring  Chancellor is of course in iio vviiy responsible for thai, posterity 'beiiig  properly culled on to pny its share  of the'war expenditure.  Apuit 'fiom the execs no ixpcndi-  tuie, which hus ibus 111.11 ked his pei-  loel of ollice S11 Michael s ( h.inccl-  loislup will also be iciiii'iiilic 1 d bv  its M("11 position of the (0111 duties,  unel tins im spite of hi. tunic views  he having tikni the giound ili.u pio-  tecliou wus unt ui.olvid 111 the Hilling dulv imposed mid vvlnth was  needed foi revenue pip posts lie has  hovvcvci, o\pnssCi| tbo tonvKiion  that Gnat Biilain (aunot depnit  fiom fue li.ielc but theie Is no 11a-  son wbv (line should not be 11 wider  mensiiie 01 fiec mule hitvvein tlie  vai ions |iui ts of the Einpiie Sn  Michael has never been celled an eloquent speaker but he is itcogni/ed  us an able I'm hiunehi.it inn .1 rindv  elebnter and a stiinghtioiwind reliable public man He assigns as his  reason foi lofiring a disinclination  to icmain In public hfo aftei the ie-  tirement of his old leadei, coupled  with thc statement that he hud uig-  ently wished to letue a couple of  years ago       '  tors,   and  during his  lifo  the   bank  became  firmly established.  The institution vvas a prosperous  one from its start. Thu Government  steadily increased ils connections  wilh it, and to-day it owes the  bank about ten limes ns miiih as  when it vvas founded, although the  interest rate has fallen from S per  cent,  to 2} per cent. p��r annum.  The English bunk note paper is  as white as the whitest parchment.  .It has a sort of transparent whiteness, and is exceedingly thin mid remarkably strong. Tt is made of pure  linen rags by a secret process in paper   mills which do nothing else.  The paper is the same to-day as it  has, been for a hundred years, and  is   almost impossible to imitate it.  The notes arc almost sepiare.  Theie i.s no lathe work upon them,  'They are printed in jet black ink,  nnd the printing machines are such  th it 'ihey number the notes from 1  to   100,000.   .,  This numbering is eion-J niiloniati-  cnlly, -so that lhe notes of each  bundle of 10,000 are in their natural order when they are taken away.  The smallest notes now printed are  those for .Co and the largest ,C1,000.  The paper is so thin that in the  bank vaults vvhjrc bundles' of notes  are kept ono is able to hold a million pounds worth of them in two  hands. This aniount represents a value ol $.1,000,000. The notes weigh  very little, only 1SJ grains to the  nolo, and yet they are so strong  thnt a single sheet of tha paper ol  which they are made will support  fifty pound weight without tearing.  AM notes arc destroyed after tliey  are redeemed, but they are kept a  certain time in order that any question concerning thcir ownership in  the   past may lie traced.  Tbe Englishman'takes the numbers  of his bunk notes, und in many cases  he makes thn man who pays Ilium  over to him indorse his name 0:1 the  back. The bank keeps llie numbers,  and after lh-1 notes come in, tliey  l-ecp a recoid of the bunk sond'nj  llicui. and thoy can in a moment  pick out any note lhat they have received during the past five .vears.  Th; Tank of England notes are  usually reelceined wilh gold, golden  sovereigns being shovelled out in  "scoops just~Iilre���tha-Jilllc-slioVels  grocers use for sugar, 'lh.' gold is  not counted but is weighed, the  tellers knowing just bow mnny sovereigns   go  to  the  oin.-e or poin.d.  The notes arc cancelled by tearing  11 piece 0111 of a corner of inch,  nnd nro ih:n filed aw'uy in thi banknote cam ombs in boxes for a period  nf five .vciiri. At tlu end of this  time   they urc burned.  Tn ihe bullion vaults is gold from  Australia, Souih Afriea. Ii'd'a. an'd  lh" i'nited Slates nii'l is nlu.osl. ah-  so 11,civ    pin 0  if vou have llo right kind of an  in'10 lm 1011 vou ran o|en nn ne-  (0111 in the I'uis of 1 n ;li nil but  vou hive to liei enoigh iiioniv on  de.iosn 10 im l,r it pay the h.uu to  do voiu    hi 'in -s  'I hi ofliciiils isiii'inte tint eaihiu-  eount nii'st v 1-Id IJ (flits to the  Inn foi dnv cbc'Lk (n'-hid lino igh-  0111 th Vint so if vou issue a  (Ileitis in I ihciks the bank will hnve  tonake at least fc.120 0111 of vou  oi it will 1 cfu-i* to i.fcp vom into nl Iheie aie no��v about .,000  ! private aetoiiiits cuiiied mil llie  pnvate deposits avoriigo oui   SltlO,-  000 000  A   laige pint 01 (ho business ofthe  bank   is in hurdling the Government  d bt  And    does   the  big  Bank  of    Eiig-  1 in I   ever'have n run upon it?  Ves, indeed'    '11ns has been tlu case  in times of panic and there have  been institutes when tlu l/aiis1 has  hnd   to suspend specie payments   It  1       1       '  did    so  during   the   first year  of Its  existence.  The IfOVfiiiiticnt had tailed in th-  silver lo have it rccoincd. mid the  ban'-: w.,s hard up for currency., its  stock wiui down from UO lo SI),  and its direciois issued a call Ior(  20   per cent, on thc shareholders.  'Iin I'.ini: Mil-Tended specie payments from ]7!>7 to 1810, and vvh.'n  it resiimol, it had about SIOU.000,-  000 vvo-ili 01 gold nud silver lobe-  gin   vvith.  '1 here havo been times when it has  paid oui depiiMinrs 111 shillings and  sixpences in orik-r-to gain time to  get. money to meet its obligation-,,  and oiue at least it bud a lm-; of  its own iiii'ii vvho nceeptc-.l such  silver payments nnd djpo-dlod them  ngiim as fust ns tliey were iceeivnl.  so tlml a continuous (low of tha  suii'e silver (lowed in nnd nut of the  bank,    while  the depositors  wailed.  At one time a depositor deinaneleil  Slf'iO.iKin in gold coin, untl at nuo-  tlii-r the strain was so great thnt,  bonii' of llu richest, of iho English  nobility'drove lo the Imn"* in conches  lille'd with golden giiini'iis. which  they deposited 10 help the bunk  meet   its demands.  The B��nk hns a governor, a dep-  ul.v governor and twenty-four director.".  Tho governor receives 810,000 a  year and each oi the directors is  paid ?!-,.">00 The governor is usually chosen from one of the directors, and on tbe average he is  about twenty years iipthe directorate  beforo he is elevated to the oflice 0/  governor.  The capital of the bank is at present a little less than 87.1,000,000,  and its dividends last year wero a  littlo   less than 10 per .cent.  'Iho notes now in . circulation,  amount to more thnn ?1 ..0,000.000.  nnd thore are something like S110,-  000.000 worth of notes on hand. Tlle  bank has 8185,000,000 worth of  gold and iilver coin and bullion, uirl  altogether it is in such n (oiid'tion  ill-it Hioso holding its sloe:. and  notes are not lying nv.u. r .it nil h'.  ior   fear of its insolven-v.'  THESE TINY WORLDS  ARE VERY EASILY LOST AGAIN AFTER  BEING   DISCOVERED.  Theiie lllminiilttve riaiiftM l.le lu a llrlt  100,000 .VIII,a VV hie itut! u .M.n 11 HI*',  lltnce 1'rulD tlte Mill (if A built tl^.l.noO,.  OOO .Vljlei���','5(1 (Hit of ��� rmmllr 1011,-  (1(1(1 of lhrm .Vlrfuily lil.cuvrrril-Ili.  u-rrsrlntr .iMt-omiimcal   i.me.  It ii no surprising thing nowadays  for the aiinounceiiieiit to be made  lhat another planet has been discovered. Timo w.is, however, when such  un announcement was received vvith  much interest. Jt is well known that  between the en bits of ".dins uud Jupiter there is a belt ring of tiny  bodies, "pocket planets," nn Iler-  schel culled thein, none vvith ugient-  er diameter thun 1100 l.il'cs and  some whose ussigncd diameter is less  than  seventeen  n.iies.  There are doubtless sonic even  smaller���about large enough for a  fanner's cornfield perhaps.  .So diiiiiniiiivo are these' curious  members of, the solar system that  even after one bus been discovered it  is quite likely to be lost. Of course  it is possible to truce the movements  of llie asteroids ns well as (hose of  the larger planets,' but the labor of  doing so, especially, of tho ninny tiny  ones of little practical interest, surpasses the probable valuo of the result, and in consequence the orbits of  all these diminutive worlds lie in a  bell ahoiil 100,000 miles wide and  with a mean distance from the sun  of about 2.10,000,000- miles.  At present more than 2ii0 of those  little worlds have been dis.overed,  and more are found nearly every  year. How many there may bo it is  impossible to estimate. One astronomer thinks  there  may be as many  rlNG EDWARD'S COCTORS.  I iii-f-iuont In   Tlu-ir 1'n.ffi.i.liin linheHrlt-  l�� i I miiir,���%ir tliiiunie l.oi.nmd  -    -It- I n-il  t-ii-k  l rpveif.  The physicians on whom fell tho  task of trying to save the life of  King Edward just on the eve of tho  coronation are the most lcnrncd and  skillful in all tho British realm. Sir  Thomas Lister is surgeon extraordinary to the King. At one time ho  was professor of surgery at Glasgow  university anil | rofessor of clinical  surgery at the University of Edinburgh, llo is now professor emeritus of clinical surgery of King's college,  London.     His  discoveries  con-  5^^  MOST REMAr KA'    EBUILDING.  rectiliur  'I vii hi--" in,-,,    --.|,.      ei.ijn-1-"  tlilst :-  i��     ; in  N,-w   '. un .  The most remarkable building in  the world is a tweiity-.-tory ������ sky  scraper'' that' has, just boon' erected  iu   the" heart  of -Vow   York' City.  The structure is shaped like a long  and narrow letter V. It towers high  above all the buildings in the neighborhood and from tlie north looks so  frail, by reason of ils gie.it height  and extreme narrowness, that one nlmost fears a good puff of wind would  blow  il over.  3Iorc persons pass the junction of  Broadway, Fifth avenue and Twenty-  third street every day than any eil.er  point in New York, it is right here  that this wonderful building stands.  Because of ito peculiar shape it has  become to be popularly known as  "the flatiron."  On the Twenty-third streot side the  structure comes to a point so sharp  J.hat there is scarcely room for a  window.  The sides of the flatiron cover an  entire block. They nre 200 feet long.  Thc rear of the building is eighty-  five feet wide. Tiio height of tiie  build-'ng,   exclusive    of      ornamental  MOST KKMA1IKAlll.R llUII.OIXf, IX THEVVOKI.I)  towers and turrets, vvill be when  completed more than .300 feet.  This unique structure bus been  built on the same lines as a steel  bill tie ship. Jt has ihvi enormous  steel frame, the heaviest and stiong-  ���est-ever-designcri-for-sliip-or-building, i'rom its resemblance to a  huge 'ship someone niiuticiilly inclined rerently. figured out tbnt ������ the  flatiron" has a sail urea of 00,000  square feet. The outside ol the  building i.s stone.  As everyone knows the vnliie ol  land in the heart of New York can  be calculated as diamonds are up-  -praiscd. The plot of land on which  tlie "llutiron" stands���merely the  ground the building covers���cost the  builders considerably more than S2,-  000 000  'Ibe stiuctuie will be nn olllce  building about u huuilxd looms on  each Hoot ,  lit in ii   L|i '  7line vou found out wl nh nie vour  pooicst (ovvs? If vou lmve not, bettei, do il now mid it tatv do not  pav foi feed nud cine don t keep  thein (line testing won I do lest  for a niontli oi sis vveiks und' not.'  ���csulls Give them a good eh .lire  Ilon't condemn h.islilv and be sine  the fault,  is  not   voui   own Vvill  dallying pav ' 7lusinc��s is tho tunic  the woild ovei It all depends upon  the man or woman   so biaee up'  TINY WOIII.IiS NOT MUCH KVOVVX.  ns 150,000 of them. The totnl number, whatever that may be, depends  largely on whether or not" there is  any limit to their minuteness.  if tliere is no such limit, that is if  some arc very much smaller than  those now known, too small to be  seen vvilh the telescopes now in use,  tliere may be an indefinite number.  Several theories have been advanced.lo account for tlie presence of tho  -asteroids in that part of the solar  system to which Bode's law assigned  a planet long before their existence  was known. Gibers proposed the hypothesis that they had once formed  a single plnnet, which had nt some  remote time been shattered by a  great, explosion, tlio fragments continuing to revolve nbout the sun in  approximately'the orbit of the original  planet.  The considerable variation in the  eccjnli icity and inclination of tlieir  orbits, not to lie accounted for by  any present mode of calculation, and  the gi eater piobnbility of their separate foriuatio'n .nisi ns wero the  other and I.n get- planets according to  the nebular hypothesis, has led lo  the 'geneial disunding of Olbcvs'  theory.  According to the nebular hypothesis, which is at present generally accepted, the minor planets as well us  the greater ones were formed by the  condensation of rings of cosmic matter sui'iouiidiug the sun. In theciue  of the asteroids tlie ring instead of  condensing into one mass condensed  about many-points, the result being  a great number "f pigmy planets instead of n single large one, ns in  tlie ease of the otheis.  Tf all lhe minor planets now i nown  were' to be combined into one its diameter would be less than 400 miles.  A thousand more of them, supposing  them of the average sin-, would  make the globe scarcely a hundred  miles greater in diameter, and its  mass would oven then be less than  one foeii-tiiousandth  of the earth's.  A'-suiuiiig the density of these little worlds to be approximately that  of the earth, bodies on their surfaces  would weigh ve y' little. A man  placed .on one uf tliem could easily  jump to u height of sixty feet, nud  in n day. could walk entirely around  his   litt'l  Silt TnOMAS IISTKR.  cerning antiseptic treatment in surgery has won for him- vvorldwido  fame. Ho is a member of the American-Academy of Arts and Sciences by'  honorary election' and has received  degrees from' European institutions.  Sir Frederick Treves, sergeant surgeon to King Edward, was the surgeon extraordinary to Queen Victoria. ITo has been post surgeon lecturer on surgery at London hospital,  examiner in surgery at tho Uniyers-  ity of Cambridgo and examiner in  anatomy at the Universities of Aberdeen and Durham. Sir Frederick is  a member of tlie court of examiners ,  of the Royal College of Surgeons of  England. He vvas one of the many  numerous medical men vvho went to  South Africa during the progress of  the recent war for the purposes of  enlarging his clinical experience. For  more than twenty yeai* he litis been  recognized as an authority on ab-  ddVninal operations.  , Sir Thomas Smith is the consulting surgeon for tho Children's hospital on Great Onnond Street. ' Bo-  sides being sergeant surgeon to the  King he is examiner in sufgery for  the Royal College of Surgeons In  London and honorable secretary of  tho Royal Medical society.  Sir Thomas  Barlow,  physician   to  tho King's household, is professor of  ' SIU FIIKDKII1CK TREVKS.'  chemistry in the University' College  hospital, i He is a fellovv^of. the Royal Medical and Chirurgical. society.  Sir I'Vancis Lakiug, sergeant surgeon to the King, has been in constant attendance on his Majesty since  the lata Queen's death. The King  always had a great liking for Sir  Francis and made an intimate friend  of hiin. Sir Francis holds a membership, in the Royal Institute of  Great Britain and has received honorary degrees from various European  institutions.  A  .vlfXli'ini   llelillM, **  President Diaz of Mexico and   his  wife in making trips arc usually ac-  coiiipiiniod_by_their_churiniiig_duugh !  ter-in-lnw, Scnora Porfirio Bin/., wifo  of Captain Porfirio Diaz, son of   the  i-.orld    with   less  exertion | Piesidcnt of the southern Hopublic.  I-Xpl'tltlltii'll ,  "I haven't seen c good short story  for months Whit has become of all  the writers of fittioi ?"  "Do.i't you know' They are all at  worki wilting attractive little ipam-  phlctb for the piopnctors of summer  resort hotels " , ,,  i       '   ii       |i /  than   is     leqiiircd    for   his   morning  walk.  Though .astronomers had from the  time of Kepler believed n planet  would be found with nn orbit between those of tvlnrs and Jupiter, the  discovery ol the Iirst. asteroid, Ceres,  which is nlso one of the largest, was  quite accidental. In.the year 1SS0  an association of astronomeis was  formed for the express purpose of  seal dung foi the supposed plnnet,  and cub number was nllotled u put-  tlculiti poi lion ol the heaven, which  he was to semdi cniefullv  On flnn 1 the flist dnv of the new  centuiv, Vuu/i, an Italian asiicnoni-  cr, not a iiiiinbei of the soeletv anil  not paillciiliulv interested in its oh-  leet, was seuielung foi n fit,u that  hael been, In the e'rior of the pimtei,  placid in W (illusion's (dialogue  WIhIl looking fui this stai which did  not exist he found iinothoi not prc-  xiouslv known to be theie Exam  ining it the next night, he found that  it hid changed its position nnd must  thcrefoie be n plnnet 'Wlien its oi-  bit had been calculated it was found  to bt the plnnet sought Considerable siirpnso vvas theieforci occasioned when, itwo jenrs later, another  wns found in the same region of the  solar system, and still grentei was  the sm pi iso as atlll ' others i were  found at'intervals iNow theiepoit^  ed dibioveiy of, another plnnet atr  tracts scarcely a passing notice.     ,'i  >    I  ln   company   with   thc   elder  Mine.  Diaz, the President's wife, who is vi-  ���iv,    , i > in mi,i ni v,  Miclous,    giuceful    nnd  a delightful  companion,   the yoimgei   mail on    is  much sought after by societj  Scnora Diaz was Senorita Louisa  Rmgosa befoio sho was married to  tha dashing young captain and comes  of one of thc oldest and most aristocratic families rin Mexico ��� . \'  j Sho' has i oebn inarwed! only'a year  or two, but'in *that' time 'has SU-ken  m high position in the socletjr ol  tbmxanltii.'rt /   . i,   ���>,"���<>��    ��-  ft  li. THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Leeds corporation is to supply gas  cooking grids free of charge to customers having automatic meters.  The longer I live, tho more I am  certain that the great difference between men, between the feeble and  tho powerful, the great und tho insignificant, is energy, invincible determination���a purpose once fixed,  and then, death or victory.���Fowell  Buxton.  The youngest monarch vvho ever as-  ccnelcel the British throne vvas Henry  VI. ITo was'8 months and 25 days  old at his accession.  AT SffllTffS FALLS.  WONDERFUL CASE OF BRIGHT'S  DISEASE.  Dr. .1. 1). Kcllogg's Dysentry Cordial  Is a speedy curo for d.vsentry, diunhocu,  cholera, summer complaint, sea sickness  and complaints incidental to children  teething.     It  gives   imnii'illtito   relict  to  Tliere never was, and never will be, a.  universal pnuucea, in one remedy, for all  ills to  which Uesli is heir���thc very   nil-  .ture of many  cuiatives  being such  that  ��� ivera  tlio Reims of other anil clinorentlv  seatel discuses rooted  In  the system  of  I lhe patient���what  woulil     relievo one ill  in  turn  vvouid aggravate the other.   Wo  I huve,   however,   in  Quinino    Wine,    when  -obtainable in sound, unadulterated stuto,  a remedy for many and grievous ills. lly  its   gradual and judicious uso   the frailest '-systems    ure led    into  convalesence  nnd strength-by the inlluence which Qui  those suffering from   tho effects  of India-I!. �� .,*"-      ...    ���-,-���     ,    ----,-,   crotion in eating unripe fruit, cucumbers     u,,,rollt'.'cs "10 drooping spirits of thoso    ...        ... with whom  a   chronic   state or  morbid  despondency nnd luck of Interest in- life  otc. lt nets with wonderful rnuiiiity ami  never fails to conquer the dl.��e.ise. N"o  one need fenr cholera If thev lmve a 'bot'  tie of this medicine convenient.  Thoro appears to exist a greater  desiic to livo long than to livo well:  Mcnsuie o. mini's desires, he cannot  live long enough; measure by his  gooel deeds and he has not lived long  enough; measure hy his evil deeds,  and he hns lived too long.���Zimmerman.  is n iliscnse, and, by trunqulllr,iiig the  nerves, disposes to Bound and refreshing  sleep���Imparls vigor to the action of the  blood, which, living stimulated, courses  through the veins, strengthening the  healthy nnlmnl functions of the system,  thereby making activity a necossnrv result, strengthening the frame, and giving  life to the digestive organs, which naturally demand increased substance���result.  Improved nnnetlto, Northrop & Lvinnn.  of 'boionto. havo given to the'public  .their superior Quinine Wine nt the usual  lute, und, guuged by the opinion of  scientists, thin wine approaches nearest  perfection of unv in the market. All  druggists sell  it.  Disguise thyself as thou wilt, still,  t i,������ i .      u ���l .[slavery,     still   thou   art    a    bitter  I bought a horse with a supposed-   draught. ;  and though thousands    in  ^reZ^^^OO^V" ���*�� ta�� �����   "'<"*'  t0  *"*  MINARD'S LINIMENT, and sold  him in four months for 585.00.- Profit on'Liniment,  $54.00.  'MOISE   DEROSCE,  Hotel Keeper.  St. Phillip's Oue., Nov. lst. 1901.  Such hns been the increase of population in civilised countries that the  space occupied by one person a century age. must now contain tliree.J  j thee thein   nil no less bitter   on that  account.���Sterne.  Miiiard's Linton. Cares Burns, Etc.  Every man carries what he believes  is a real secret. Tliere are no real  secrets.  The (|iiurrel.s over "principle,"  the meanest and most bitter in  world.  nre  the  MINARD'S LINIMENT for sale EverTwlro.  ffi.    fill     It istxvel 1 to remember vvhen paper-  IW  ing ix siiiull  room  that blue in    all  This medicine  is good  for all children, from the feeblest infant, whose  life   seems   to bang by a thread, to  the sturdy   boy whose   digestive apparatus occasionally gets out of order.     There is no stomach or bowel  troulile    that'   Baby's    Own  Tablets  will nol speedily remove and prompt-  . ly euro, and do it in a natural way,  | as the- medicine is guaranteed to con-  | tniu no opiutc or harmful drug. Ex-  ' pcrienced mothers  everywhere  praise  j Baby's Own Tablets above all .medi-  --.-: -:- jcines.   Mrs. James A. Wilson, Wyom-  Every lifo is a work of art shaped  ini?' Ont.. says :   "I have used Baby's'  by the inan  who  lives it;  according   Own Tablets for both  my   children  mg  light shades makes a room look  largei. Dark colors, or paper with  largo patters, have the opposite effect.  SKEPTICISM.���This   is   unhappilv    an  Jj)   ago of skepticism, but tlicre is one noint  upon  which persons acnualnted with the  if.  subject agree, namelv.  that Dr. Thomas'  ^-'.Kclcctiic Oil is a muellcino which can bo  / relied upon to cure a congh. remove unin  .   he.il  sores  of various kinds,  und  benefit  anv    iiillamed    >iortlon   of  the  body    to  which it is appned.  Cure  BABIES OWN TABLETS  all  the Ills   of Little  unel Big  Children.  Babies  So Weak He Couldn't S'tand���Ter-  riblj Broken Up and Unable to  Find a Cure���Bodd's Kidney I'ills  Hade Him Well.  Smith's Fulls, Aug. 25f���(Special)  ���The curo of Mr. Theodore Young,  of this place, is a wonderful example  of tho progress that medical science  has made; in the last few years.  Up till a short timo ago the doctors claimed that Bright's Diseuso  was absolutely incurable, and in fact  thoio are a few who still adhero to  this tlitory.  Bat Bright's Disease is not incurable. Dodd's Kidney Pills will cure  this terrible malady and have done  so in thousands of cuscs.  Tlioso vvho are skeptical need not  go farther than this town to find  proof. Mr. Young makes this statement:��� .  "I was alllicted for about two  yeais with Kidney Trouble and  chronic Bright's Bisense. My urine  was very dark and I lost considerable blood, making me so weak I  could, scarcely stand.    .  "After using the first box of  Dodd's Kidney Bills, I was much  better, and wjien' I hnd used four  boxes I vvas able .to resume work,  which I had not clone i'or some time  previous.  ���"I car conscientiously recommend  Bodd's Kidney Pills to any one afflicted as 1 was."  Mr. Young's caso is only one of a  groat many where Dodd's Kidney  Pills came to the rescue after everything else had failed. They have  concpiered Bright's Disease and restored 'to life and health men and  women who hnd not expected tocver  again en.'oy this great blessing.  Bodd's Kidney Pills having demonstrated their ability to grapple with  Kidney Disease in its very worst  form���Bright's Disease���cun ���certainly  bo depended on to curo any- of the  lesser forms.  Dodd's Kidney Pills nre0thc only  mcdicine that has ever cured Bright's  Disease.  VOLCANOES.  Soms racin About Theiie Vents to thi  1-nrlli'M Interior Fire.  Eons ago the earth on which wc  live vv;i< a hUgo muss of "lire mist."  Astronomers tell us that today Iu the  heavens vve enn seo vast nebuhe, sug-  Resting what the enrth was once.  Gradually the surface of the "lire  mist" cooled nnd hardened, but the Interior is still Intensely hot. Whethei  It is solid, liquid or viscous vve do not  know. This heat, .aging miles below  the stirruee, nt times .'s.iiics through  the hind crust by ,e-uts jr volcanoes.  There aro from 300 to DUO volciinuos  on the globe. This estimate Includes  merely live volcanoes which within recent limes have been in action; If wc  should ..'omit the mnny mountains scattered over the earth which show today  signs of volcanic action In more remote past, the estimate would liave lc  bo increased by many hundreds.  Volcanoes vvouid seeni to be arranged  with more or less symmetry in belts  circling the great oceans. A ring of  iiro surrounds the l'ucllie. Starting ut  4-ho South Shetland Isliinds, several  'Iiundred miles south of Cape Horn, a  belt of volcanoes extends up the west  coast of South Amerlcii, Central America and North America; from Alaska It  crosses the I'uellic along the Aleutian  Islands to Kamchatka; thence it fol-  .lows the east edge of the Pacific  through the Kurllo Islands. Japan. Formosa, the Philippines, the Moluccas,  the Solomon islands, the North Hebrides, New Zealand nnd dually ends  In Mounts Terror nn<_ Erebus, on  the   Antarctic' coutlncnt-  ask :p-or  Ogilvie's Oats  Delicious flavor.   Freo from hulls.     Warranted Pure.  Put  up  in  all  sized  packages.  Ogilvie's Hungarian  As now manufactured.   The great FAMILY FLOUR.  In��Ist on getting "OGILVIE'S,"  as they are better than the Best.  HAVE   NO   EQUAL.  J  to  tbe faculty  of the artist vvill  be  the niiulity of his work, and no general rules can supply the placo of his | dren.  own direct perception nt every turn.  ���Dickinson.  and consider  them  indispensable   In  nny home' 'where there are young chil-  One of my children was very  MINARD'S UfflMENT Cnres MiM.  Without discietion, learning is pedant ,v and wit impoitincnce, vnliie  itself looks like weakness, tho best  ,' pails only quality a man to be moie  spiightlv in enois and active lo his  own piejudice ���Addison  ���J      Aloiikej   Brunei Soan cleans kitchen uten  lV   Mis   steei , iron anil tinvwue   knives and I  folks, and all kinds of cutleij  Sutisfj  somo people and vou .ue in  >'A w i ong  fretful, nnd I always found the Tab  lets comforting, and a splendid regu-  latri'' o< the stomach and bowels I  think the Tablets have been the  menu, of piomotmg m.inv a sound  night'-- lest km both mv sell and  ihile'ici' "  th.lm en take these tablets as lend-  ily ivs candy, and clashed to a pow-  eler thej can be given with absolute  sii.elv to the joungest, weakest in-  lans You can get tlie Tablets fiom  unv elc.ilei in medicines, oi post-paid  at J", (ems a bo\ bv wilting the  0 Di Williams .t.cdiciiie Co, Biock-  villo   Out  If vco cannot lay the foundation, it  is something to clear awny the rubbish; if wo cannot get up truth, it is  something to pull down error.���Mac-  aulay.  iv   tlie  Dahv'if tame.  "But why did  iuii  u.inii' yonr bnby  ci  lus most dlsn luiuib'e unit'siui ���"  io snipilsud fill-lid usked the pioud  voting mother  "Well, you see I expect lilm to improve on the foimer betiioi of the  n.iuie. Indeed, hi' hardly cun help it,  becuuse the ancestor wus so very had  If I hud named blm after the most dls  tlngtilsliPd nii'iiibi'i of the fiiinll.v. lie  might not huve lived up to the ii.ime  Babies' hardly ever do when the.v are  named for gieat peisouages, as 1 have  often uotlced."  Scboneet.ulv, X   Y  I'ii not net as if thou wast going  to live ten thousand jenis Death  liui-fs over thee While thou livost,  while it is in thy powei, be good���  3fateiis Auielius  MINARD'S LINIMENT Relieves Neuralgia.  Pbyilcnllv. Not Mentally.  Dick���You weie bom to be a writer,  Chnrlle.  Charlie (blusliliiglyl���Ah. you've seen  some of the things I've tin ni��d olT.  Dlek���No I wns thinking wlnt a  splendid ear jou have for cunning a  pea.  Sxjii e men seek  lustile  have it ioiced upon them  and  A   fool  com ten  nnd  hei   money    uie   soon  Per��onnl.  He���Then It's ull over.  She���Yes���for you.  ���When-n-tininp^-sces  an-nvj-it-ul-  wavs gives hun a splitting headache  Arc you going  to start a  Newspaper ?  *]\ Then write to us for prices and  terms upon TYPE, MATERIAL and  MACHINERY.   :::::::::::  "If We carry the only stock in the  Northwest, and can furnish complete Job and Newspaper Plants at  short notice i also Ready-Printsin  all sizes and styles. :::::::'::  Toronto Type Fdry  Co'y, Limited.  175 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg.   mm  Tbe Itose.  At all times the rose has enjoyed peculiar favor ns 11 sanod flower. Mo  bammedan tradition snys that when  Saladln captured Jerusalem be refused  to enter the sbrliio of the teiuple<whieh  had been converted into a church b.v  the Crusaders till the walls had been  thoroughly cleansed and pjrllied with  tosewater. A siuillii story is told of  the Church of St. boptil.t. tit Constantinople, when trunsluiiui'd fiom a Clnislian place of wuisbip to u Moluini  niednn mosque. 'J be 01 Igin of the lose,  nceoidlng to Moslem ti.idltlon. Is that  the blood of the piophet spi.mg Into  new life In this gloiious crimson tlovv-  ci; To this du.v vv lien 11 Turk sees__a  rose lying on the giound he will rnlse  it tendeily, kiss It reveieuty nud deposit the fruil bloss'om tn some place  of safety.  Molnt  Hand*.  Moist bunds mnj be innde more com  fortablebj washing nnd blushing thoni  In tepid wntei In whlcli a few gi.iins  of alum or a few drops of aioni.itlc  siilphtnlc ueld have been dissolved  Dij them with u rough towel nnd dust  the palms with talcum powder.  iiloon   mid   Wcntlicr.  It Is snld of the moon that "If the  new moon tippet:s with the points of  the crescent tinned up the niontli will  lie dij; If the points uie turned down,  It'will be wet"  PELLETS OF SNOW.  How Thej   FUnc  and   Dilft  In   the  Adirondack  ilejffton.  Ou a good driftuiaUlng.duy In the  Adirondaeks the snow comes not In  the star shaped fluke's tbat look so  pretty whon portrayed on a page of the  tlictionarj. but in small pellets These  pellets nie In shape lihe tiny white  lootb.ills usiiill.v .mil they tome loll  lug and tumbling down windnsif they  had been "Meted lor fair" b.v the halfback gods of the gtle And ji-i while  the.v 1 oil uml triable und bound they  hnd lodging pi ices und us the Idler  pu/es hi' mm's tliem pile rp in 11 wall 011  lhe ciest of the 10,d cut Illglioi unel  h.���liei gioii,�� tin- p.le. loimhig .it lust  u it'itleul wall but lit'linp tills li.is  risen thiee inibeJi 11 is seen to ovi'ibnng  tlie gulch  '1 hough round ind e.isll} rolled, those  pollols in some v.aj in 10 eaeli other as  hiiiks would until the uvi'il an,; Is pel  baps 11 tilth as ,;ieat ."��� tlit' elevation ol  the wall, and then tn.11 vclous nnd lm  possible as it woulil seem to the tin it  customed oliseivi'i, a lip four.s on the  tiost of the wall, und soon it begins tu  dioop und bang down Wider and loa  ger It glows. Cut hei and fui ther It  dioops. until Its shape is piecisely like  the lip fonued on;n huge wave w1i��mi  It bleaks on a sbo.il vviitei beach laps  that are ten feet wide nnd hung down  lliice feet clear of,nil, though but sl\  or eight inches thick vvbcie the.v join  the chin of the wall, niu not uiieoin  mon. By what uiuglc Is tt that these  fiozen, oblong pellets tlint go bounding  along as morrllj as footballs form into  such a shape as that? Of course if tbe  Morui continues a time usually coiuei  vv hen tho lips bicak off becauso of then  gioat weight And then no new lip  foi uis to 1 eplace the lost one. The snow  merely drops over Into the lee of tho  wall nnd gradually tills the cuttlng.-  Pcrlbner's.   Ofllcpn nml OfllccHeekeri.  It freepii'iitl.v happens thnt vvhen a  .mnn gi'is.'in oili!_i'Jie_lnnls It too =i.iall  for lilm But ihej're all vvllllig to  seiuet'7e In.  Econoinlcnl.  A young man living on Walnut Hills  is a close worker in money matters���  that Is, lie stays close to the shore with  his expenditures. lie hud tlm good  luck to marry n girl whose parents are  quite wealthy and Is nt present living  with his wife in one of his father-in-  law's houses.  One dny not long since while discussing uffalrs with a friend the latter  nsked:  ���> "Mid the old .gentleman give you that  house?"  "Well���er���no, not exactly," wns the  ���answer, "lie offered it to me, but 1  wouldn't accept it."  "How's that?" asked the friend. ���  "Well," answered the man who had  made the lucky matrimonial venture,  "you see, the house really belongs to  me. I'm living in It, rent free, and I'll  get It when tiio old man dies, if I accepted it now, I'd have to pay the  taxes."-  if 44  fJVf  tAMJmYmAt-   f0  ��/ Oj /teiJ%+*sfu/ firi<4^o  HOW IS YOXJRLIVER?  USB  SlcepTvulklnff,  "Ten per cent of the world's population is more or loss somnambulistic,"  said a physician, according to the Philadelphia Itecord, "and ever.v one, at  one tune 01 another, has done a little  sloepwHiking I 1113self when a l.ul  got up dressed, took my books and  wont to school on a summer night, in.v  I itbei following closo behind to sec  lhat 1 should come to no haini.  ���niond pcisons aie moiejapt to be  s>ouiiininbiilists than d.uk folk, and in  cold climates theie is moie soinnunibu  INni than 111 iv ami ones In ceit.mi  Cieonliiud villages, I have been to'el  II e but clems ,ne locked lioin without  bv a watiluinn In oidei that those  within m.ij not conic foith in then  sloop and mujbe fieevc to death, Mil  in Lg.vpt und such like hot lands such  pioeuution is irinoeessaij."  For Bilious and Nervous Disorders, such as Wind and Pain ln the Stomach, Sick Headache,  . aiddiness, Fulness and Swolllne after meals, Dizziness and Drowsiness, Cold Chills,  Hushing* of neat, Loss of Appetite, Shortness of Breath, Costlveness, Blotches on the Skin,  Disturbed Sleep, Frightful Dreams, and all Nervous and Trembling Sensations, &c. Thm  Fleet Dome will altrm Rollat In Twonfv ��� lUlitutow. This Is no fiction. Every  sutferer Is earnestly Invited to try one Box ol These I'llls. and they -will be acknowledged  to bo "WORTH A dUINEA A BOX." BEEOHAM'S PIUS, tiken os directed, will  quickly restore Females to complete health. Tbey promptly remove any obstruction or  Irregularity ol the system. For* '��� ��� ���        . ���"  Weak Stomach; Impaired Digestion; Disordered Liver  ���work wonders upon the Vital Organs; Strengthea.  restoring the l���_i?-lost 5_��i!_P]_It'0J_i:bringing buefc^he keen  they act like magic���a few doses will work wonders upon the Vital Organs; Strengthea.  ing tho muscular system j restoring the long-lost Completion; bringing back the keen  edge of appetite, and arousing with tho Roaebud ot Hanttn Iho wfiolo Phvmloml  Enoray ot the human frame.  Theso are "facts" admitted by thousands, in all classes  of society, and ono of the best guarantees'to the Nervous'und Debilitated is that  BBocham'm Pllla havo,tho fareast Salo of any Patent Medlelnm In Ms  World.   Full directions with each- box. '  Prepared only by THOMAS BEECHAM, St. Helens; England. ,  Sold Everywhere iu Canada and.U, S. America. ��� In boxes, 25c.  Ynclit racing Is one of the chief diversions In tho Hawaiian Islands.  TUBA    NEVER   FAIL ��� Ur     S     M  llroutrhnor,     Langton,       writes 'For  nbout two -vears I was troubled with Inward Piles, but by ushiff Parmclcc s  I'ills I was completely cured, and ul-  though four \oais have elnpscd since  then they hnvo not returned " Pai melee's l'illb nio nnti-hllioui nnd n specific  foi tlio cure at Liver nnd Kidney Coin-  liluint'i Dyspepsia, Costlveness llend-  iichc Piles, etc. and will regulate the  leeic'tions niul icmovo nil bilious mallei  llcr llriuul.  A coiic'spondeiit wntos 'Two worn  en woie stiong suppoitcis ol n local  cooperative stoic, but ono d.i> ns one  of them vva& passing down the stie^et  she was suipuscd to see her tiienel  coming out of a licensed giocet's shop  '1 thocht. Mis IJ10011, jo wis n mem  ber 0' the Go ?' wns hor ipinuik "S> I  am; but. die ye ken thK theio's 11.1t-  shop In (.Iosea I get sic nice beef li 1111  as in ht'ip'  ' Some elavs later Mis Bioon's fiieiul  wont into tli's ,bop to btiv a s.impl"  of the beef h 1111 On entei nig tin- shop  she ,'skpel the nun 11 lie would give  I111 'a p'ni' 0' lhe beef ham Mis Hi .dm  grts line' V quiet smile stole ovei  the sh yp'iiaii's face 'Ob vi's' ho said,  'I can oblt'Pce vou Iliv jou biocht ,1  bottlo wV jou?'"  GASOLINE ENGINES  MINING  1'UMPS  jiachim;hy  and  steam  KNOINLS   AM)   llOII.EItS,   STATIONARY AND POK1AHLI..  SAW, LATH AM) SIIIM.L1: MILL MA-  CHIN tRY. ���  HANI)   AND   STI. IH   LIUNOKY   M.l-  CHIKEKY.  TINWIITII, lil'ACK&MITH AND   CAK-  rUNTKKS TOOLS  FULL LINE OI' MACHINE SlU'PLIKS.  THE A. R. WILLIAMS MACHINERY CO.,  I.IVIITBD  Toronto, -----' Ontario.  MnklnK  History.  Wh 1" we 1 e.id h'sfirv vve make his  <oiv. Every gieat eilsls ol lunn in In?  ti 1 v Is 11 pass of Thoi mop.v l.i>. nnd  "vie  Is alvvajs a   Leonid isiliid  bis  .!!!> to tlie In it If thov cannot crinmici  \t'd so long ils llbi'itv has ono niailvi.  so long as one diop ol blood Is pmu d  ort for hei. so bug Iiom that blondv  sv Mt of the ni;on.v ot huni.inii.v si-ill  spi mg hosts us countless as tho foiest  l'.ives ard mighty ns the sea.  We have not ulwnjs an opportunity  01 doni" gieat things, but wo cun  IiouiJv pei foi m insignificant notions  with 1111 ,11 dent love���St Francis of  Snles  blceplos'-nns is due to nervous excitement 'lhe delicately constituted, the  nnauciet the business man, and those  whose oetupation necessitates great mental stiaui���or���vvorrj,��� all- sufter��� less���or-  nioro fiom it Steep is the irrcnt res-  torei o: a worned hniin und to get  bleep Llennse the stomach lroni all tm-  put Lliis with n few dotes of l'arnielee's  Vegetable Pills, Kelatine coated, contain-  ni(r no morcuiv, nnd are iruiiriinleed to  give sutisinction 01 the money vvill be  letuneied  "Ah There, Girls I "  Do j'ou know why you aie like  LUCINA Cigars ? Tell us quick.  Because you are alvvajs the same,  sweet and good.      .   MANTTFACTnnm  nv  GEO. F. BRYAN & CO WINNIPEG  W. _v. U. No   391.  S11II 'Iiil.'n Ont lab.  Ink stains can be tnken out b.v the  application of dry salt while the Ink  It wet As sioii ns the suit Is dlscol-  01 eel b.v the Ink buisli It oil und put on  suinc ni uie, dampening It a little. This  is to be continued until tbe stain is out.  Milk.  When sweet milk has Just been  bi ought In f 10111 thc cow und ls still  waim. It Is said tliat it will keep  sweet much longoi If the pan or pitcher  iu which it Is to bo pouied ls scalded  au.l pnitly tooled m) us not to chiuige  1 the tempera tin e too abruptly.  'thco is no lot in life so stein nnd  cold nnd hard but it hns sonicvvheio  11 vvniiii nnd secict coiner wheie the  human affection can blossom ���.leiToi-  son  A   Bee  Line  'lhe illicrtl-ess of the bee's dhil.t Is  PiOVPihhl 'IU. shiiiti's- illst.iiKo I,,,  hvco.i anj twoglvi'i points is i'ii|,->d 1  bee ll.io ,M:inv obscivi'is ihln'.'tl il  H'e li'inieiisi' eves witb vv'ilih the In  s"(t Is liiinishi'd iieillv assist If thev  do not ��>iiili(>i' aKoiiiit Inr tl'i' iiiidv v  ���It.iU'htiie'ss ol its pass i^c ih'ot'-l- ibe  nlr  An epitaph on a man's tombstone  revet  indicates that he wns n bore.  Wise Ways of Women.  No " prizes " offered with common  Boapo will long tempt the wise woman to uso common soaps. The  wise woman soon sees she has to  pay dearly for " prizes " in the low  Quality of soap, in the damage common soaps do her clothes and her  han-ls. The wise woman considers  her health���so soon ruined if she  vvere to continue breathing the  steam of adulterated common soaps.  The wise woman recognizes the  difference between such soaps and  Sunlight Soap���Octagon Bar.       211  "Money  sleeve  "I 11111 pot so  Tlrci'kra,   10.1  terms with 11 ��� '  Hndn't  Ilmril  it,  talks."  assin,,,,,toil  diiiicr  ������  i' ol 11 at " lo'oited  1 It Is not on sipiMk'ng  A man s teeonel love nenrly always  owns moie piopeitj- thnn his llrst  one  Xo matter bow tight .1 girl's shoes  nie shi' novel likes ui neknovvleelge  thc coin  \  "c,in  I.ll.cd   tlio  Old   IV ill   IK'x:.  "I'i iiltri't." nsliil Mis  |),. 1 co 1  jou eodk on seie-atiili  piiui'lple's'  "S:ii,> ma'am vvlnls the lunttei  with ecokiif on n i.iiigc' Hiked sols'' lo Riidget  Direction  "Soy, Chiinmle, wot'd de boss call y'  ui> for.'"  "T call nie down."      ****    ,  Wilson'  Fly Pad  The Original and  only Genuine  Insist on Wilson's  HALCYON HOT SPRINGS  SANITARIUM  Arrow   Lake,  B.O.  Situntcd   midst,   scenery unrivalled  for grandeur.  .    ���  The most complete houllh resort on  the continent of .North America.  Its   baths   euro   all   Nervous   and  Muscular diseases.  Its Waters heal all Kidney,   Liver  nnd  Stomach Ailments.  Thoy aro a never-failing remedy for '  all Hheumiitlc Troubles.  IMPERIAL MAPLE SYRUP  .The quality Mumlurd Irnm  Ocean  to  Ocean.   Your money buck If not eat- ,  lifnotory. -  BOSK * LAFLAMJIE, Act".. SIOXTREAL. '  Tho gieutei  a mnn is the less disposed ho is   to    show his gieatncss  ,  Timo nobility of soul uses above and  supp- esses  dimming  the love of show ���XV    E.  Tropic who use icligion as a cloak  in tins woild will doubtless manage  to keep vvaim in the ne-vt without a  cloak (  ___��_-->< 1: ,. 1-  Vi -  '�����    ,f < i[i ' THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY OCTOBER   4, 1902  if  Mi  U'-i-  tai- ������  I1''--  15.  iv  )!-  i ;  ...NEW FALL MANTLES...  They are Just from Berlin, Germany.  Two cases of very stylish and handsome garments, which have  just boon opened. Tliey are in three-tiuarters and full lengths, and  in semi-titling, tight fitting and box backs. The colors ure dark grey,  medium grey, black, fawn, castor, blue and green���a splendid broad  range to choose from.  The prices range from i  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  $?.00 to $3?.50.  ie     rr ���  (Successor to Scott & Kennedy)  303 Hastings Street,        Vancouver,  9  ���XsXs)��  No Weak Spots  Our UNION MADE Shoes  from ' Canadian ���uul Anieri-  ' can Union factories avo the  bost in .tlie land. Men's,  Ladies' and Children's Shoes,  durable and stylish.  i IIE r AI Ell SON SHOE CO., LI)  301 Hastings St.  mSOnilEIiiMWORLI)  -.'California- luis a dozen Farmers' unions.  * There 'aro about -18,000 shoe workers  in Cui'inelu.  TheJMinei-s' union of Grout Britain  Jiiis 125,000 members.  Milk-Wiigbn' Drivers of Toronto; Cau-  nihi, are .thoroughly' organized.  The Kailvvay.'Telegraphers     in     five  months have emiiieil '���!,')% members.  ���   - During, the past month 1.10 new unions  have been oi-L'uni/.eil in Incliunupolis.  'There are .muuy successful -co-operative veorkingmeu's societies ��� in Mexico.  Sun. I'ruuci.sco has 112 unions aiid  they are increasing in number- every  ���week.  : ' Considering tho season of the . year  Chicago   stores   report   business   satis-  '������ factory.  '. \  Ifor the your ending Juno 30,   1002,  there vvere .3,5:25" Chinese    immigrants  into Canada.  British, Goluuibia:;-in;i-;lSS1 ,���;-... had    a  Chinese  population  of. .4,1150.    lu  1001  she luul over..10,000.  Shoe-Polishers' Union,'No. 1/   vvith  S00 uleinbei's,"was recently organized iu  V-Kew York city.   ;V'?;V?' .?'  -Jli'.i'iiigiiie past six yenrs the nicm-  :: iiorship in?the. unions in New,,. Vork  slate increased 75 per; cent.  ;   ;A. union'Mubel on Hour; did you say?  .Why,: yes, 'that is. what the millers, in  Linton;Intl.; arc doing;.    ?'-'.  Iowa has. a child labor law     which  ... permits children under Id'.lb-;work in  iuanu''actui-ing plants. ;���;���".'  'The Inleriiational Typographical un-  ?ion are now organizing ut the rate of  .three unions a week.  .,; Newspaper,.writers in many, of    the  larger cities are organizing.  . They are  attached Jo the I. T. V;Xy X  . J_ighty.-lvvo per cent o'  the   industrial  ^workers of 1'rancc coaie under the provisions of'the ten-hour act.   .  ?, The 'Plumbers'; Steam and Gas Ht-  ters' Union have 342 local unions with  a total membership of 25,000.  ������'.; The firemen, of Hamilton, Out., were  the    first   iii"-America' to take out.   a  ? .charter from a labor organization. ���'.  'Fifty colored  musiciaus of.   Chicago  have organized   : and    been granted    a  '-charier.by .the-National Union.  Tho "Independent Briclclaycrs'  Unions  in Louisville aiid Baltimore have joined the National union.  The Brotherhood of Locomotive Kn-  =friiieers-vvill=hold=their=convcntion=?iu-  1903 in the city of Winnipeg, Manitoba.    ?  The; 2.S00 tugmen who arc organized  along the great lakes have voted    to  ����������&S)����������������2��������^  1 Tbe Salt  o  join the International LongslioTOiuenV  union.     .    ���-  The New Zealand government', furnished" work.to nearly 1,000 hands a  month at 82 per day in the building <>���'  highways.  The coal miners of Scotland may  soon be engaged in a great strike, involving US,0OO.inen, as tho Owners' Association have declared'', that the  wages must be .reduced.  SEATTLE NOTES.  joy in this city  suppose by ilio  -loi a  thing ot  ll'you want a divorce,-visit'Seattle.  Thoy are grunted While you wait.  The butchers' strike: is still im. Both  sides nre standing firm.  The electric.-car line, between her''  and Tacoma is ppen for triillic". The  cars are painted yellow, '.the public  do not know if the color is intended  for a compliment, to the Times of this  city or u? put on ihe back for the  "Cily of Destiny."   ���,,,' ".'  Dunce halls .aro o  forever,"- one vvoulci  number running, -._  bbuiutyj.?.,'-,.-��� ���-.'-..   y:Jxi' i"A.y.  -. ���.?'���  There are''papers'in t'ovvn'.vvho'iiisiie  an extra every time a man coughs or  sneezes.,? :  liditor-in-Chipt BJclhen of ihe Times  is east: on a.business trip.  Tho[ ' Underwood ��� trial   still   atl'-iieif  big crowds, and half ot ihe, specltilbri-  arc women.  ,  Fred Clem,, of llie Gold house, Vancouver, wus,-:,.a Seattle visitor last  week: '-       ;.,.: ?  -  ���   ��� -.-���'-������.'���'���-..     -���.;<-..        '...'.'.'"     '���>  -; Blackchapel is becoming a town by  i (self. ?: Largo! bu i (dings ["[[ a re ? be.i ng  erected and it, surely is a? Midway  in 'every .sense of tlio tonu., .'?���',  Hold-ups . occur as' regular as the  beggar asks you for, alius here, and  that is as steady as tho tick of a  watch.      ' .,  ���Mayor Humes, of: Seattle went hunting : and was lost. Ho slept in the  hollow of an old tree two nights.  Searching parties found him., He had  sprained his ankle, -.but? otherwise, vvas  in-the best of health.'Tho hollow log  will be, most' likely, placed in pioneer  place 'as a sight; for tourists. ���'���'  Second avenue is known ns -tho  promenade street in Seattle. ���-  The Bon Marcho, the big'Vdeparl-  ment , store-of Seattle, gives a 'free  concert in its place every Saturday  evening.?     ������'- .".'?, ?  I  ' Tlie Stainlundcr is a source of kicks  from : a great many vvho travel on  the. steamer. Some passengers say  that���the^compaiiy-_RVciU' .turn-on*���-Miii-  . is business.. Wo vvnnt moro of  it. "-UVII u'ctit if an out and out  bargain will fetch it.  iiow Is This  A tu'o-quurt  Hot AVator, Bottle  or     . j,' ...  Fountain Syringe  75c.'  $ Tlie McDowell, Atkins,  I       Watson Co.,'Lid. liability;  UP-TO-DATE DRUGGISTS.  steam heat and put out most all tho  ights: soon, after leaving here or Vancouver. It is supposed this is done in  order to have nil travellers procure a  berth.  Seattle's donation to the suli'orors  by forest fires in this slate.was a disgrace. Seattle should be greatly  nshamed of itself.  'flic P.-I., it is rumored, will have a  new home built-for itself commencing  in the near future.-'  SOCIALIST CONVENTION.'  Tho socialist parly of li. C. are hold.  ing their second' annuiil convention  yesterday and today. Some thirty  'delegates arc present���fairly representative af the province. Committees  were struck yesterday and to-day's  proceedings will comprise revision of  platform and constitution an election  of officers.    0. Lee Charlton,  of  Victoria, is chairman.   A reception vvill  ����� �� ,be tendered the delegates this evening  TllK NANAIMO MINEHS.- V  Tothelidiieiroi'l'iislNinu'KNDEM:  Sir,���Will you pleastTallovvvmc space  in your paper to point out whut 1  conceive to be a most serious twisting  of matters as set forth in the article  ofthe "-0111 inst. appearing .in your  columns, having reference to the action  of the Nanaimo Miners' union, aind as  it'refers particularly to'the treatment,  of the Trades untl Lalior Congress of  Cunada, 1 think, sir, that there1 is,  upon lhe purl of euir union the strongest n-asiiii possible why vve should offer iiiyh 'complaint against much that  lias ivivnlly appeared in quite a niiin7-  ber of the papers in Vancouver!' And,  meanwhile, you are not responsible .''or  tlio ninny unfair and ineorroct slute-  nieiils so appearing iu such a ri'guril.  yet I feeLto'eoiitiiitie silent nbout- tho  charge1* ltiitl against our "union ns referred to above, and as -written up by  your own correspondent, at Berlin,  would be a sad injustice first lo the  body involved . and second to the  friends who have in the said connection (1 sliall take up) been unfiiirly led  to conclusions of condemnation of our  union in matters in which said union  is entirely innocent. -..:'-'  Now, to (he particular point to  which 1 take exception: Your correspondent stiites.re' "securing a certain  aw," that appeals were sent from  the trades anil labor congress for assistance in the . securing of -said  lave-, and, continuing/... he enumerates  ill the unions in British Columbia  who responded, and then comes the  ]>iil[iablo insinuation that Nanniiuo?"  union refused to contribute, anything  in such'a direction. The :preiuis'es,.-in  this statement are of cobweb texture,  being the. most pitiful pretense for  truth that it is possible for tho.imagination to weave. After nil it affords  uiu'jilonsurc to state what 1 know.to  be'the truth in such u ?regtird,; aiid  which eumiol, onco slulod, be truthfully: denied. 1 say,us the present acting? secretary, that oil'.' , union had  uo opportunity to assist, the Trades  and Labor Congress in such a, matte;r  licc'mise'no such, help vvas solicited  froni us by that body., Ihave nol received during a term of.seauo six inonths'  Hint-1 have served our 'union "anysuch  circular :ns''referred to, and as stated  to have been sent lo all the ..iinipns  affiliated with the Trades and Labor  Congress in the; province. 'Certainly  our union acted honorably? towards  the Trades and Labor -"'Congress so-long  as^ they were,.affiliated vvilli lhat body.  Iliiiice alLehtcs' to tho same nre paid  uir to the eiid of the year of our; alii 1-  iation,.which is., yet some tiaie tocoiue,  nnel\ it must appear;'funny>;if".vveVure  to bo blnnipd .of ;not assistiiig the  Trudes and Labor Congress, in n certain way when, vve ��� we're: as a, union,  perfectly .ignorant up to- now 6f.,any  such /.assistance - being retjuired. I  think Uie whole affair of' attach .-upon  oui- union by the ililTeriint papers, mid  especially, in1:tlie absence of, in immy  ihslmices, the why and Iiovv.iof'ihc business of our uniciii, is the .-more, discreditable: to the parties .responsible  for.such'attack? I have, supported every time the Trades and; Labor;. Congress, and I Icnovv. many men .wlio  have done so, but I. cannot fall hi  line with so much''.abuse as pointed all  our unioii. Also I cull in qtieslioiV  very strongly the right as. assumed by  these paper friends to create fui'iiior  trouble 'upon my hand ns the present,  acting secretary of suid body. 1 can1  assure .these gentlemen that tlieir bad  behavior is .'not helping to mend liinl-  ters one'whit, for the old saying , is  true, "You can take a horse, -.to water, but you caii't make him drink."  And the sooner these gentlemen cease  their prating about what is the business only of the Nunuimo Miners' uu-;  ion tlie better..  ?   TV J.'"iSHKN'J''p.N,:.  Assistant  Secretary  of Nniiuinio-ilin-  ���ers'" Union.  ^nnaiiiio=B=G^Sepl^aftJ-li)02^=s=  Telephone 1���2���fi for a fine livery-  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livea-y  stables.  NOTICE.  NOTICE IS IIKKEBV UIVKS, Hint HrpHca-  tiou vvill bo innde in in*' I'urliiiment ��[ CHimdn,  nt the next silting ther.'nf, lor nn .Vet lncoporn-  ling u Compnnv, iniiler the nnnio ol tho "Van.  couver unel Const Kcoicnay Hallway Company,"  to construcl i-ml op mu n Hni of ltailvvay,  irom ii onlntator ncur thc City of Vancouver;  the'iice south eiisterly lo the- ('uy nl .\'civ VV'e'sl-  liiiiisti'r unel ncro^K Iho Krnser Kiver; theneo  t'listvrly bv tlio 'iiost feasible route, to a point  nt or iiL'n'r Mid,vny, in the ltoimilnrv Crock  District; Irom u iiointi u tlieniuiii line of the  nul�����v siutli ultlit* l-'niicr, lun point nt or ncur  tne niiiiitii ot thoFrawr Kiver; irom a point on  llioiiiiilnlliie'ciiM ������. Hope, tun I'nlntntor near  Nlmii, l.nko; and from a point on tlm nialulino  u( the inilnn.v m ,.i nwir.no uiiy of Viuieoiiveir,  uiiriliorlv aiross Hiirrard Inlet, nt the most  lea ilih'|iolnl, to North Viiiit'ouve'r.Mtiiiie'liinli-  i.v, Hun, eivoslori)'loa polul al or near the  inoiilli of the Cnpllnuu Crt'uk.  WITH I'tiWKU to construct nnd .operate  branch lino, iituii nny poiiitou tlio iiiamlinu  ul the prupise'd rullvvay or liranche's thereof,  iml excelling in any ouo ease thirty (Ittl) mile's  in length; nml wltn power to construct, own  niul upcinlf vvhiii'ves, docks, elevators and  vvuronousiiM in e'oiinectloii therewith; nud to  ciistiiict, own, mil operate steam nnd otlier  v,s>uis, on nny luiviptMo wnti'ns; nnd vvilh  iiow. r.to cotisiiiicl, miu, maintain, nnd operate  a suitable ferry, fi-uiu lhe most convenient  point mi the Mainland uf Hritlsh Co.  iiiuililit, to the inoni convenient, point  on Vancouver Island, io ns to make connection : wllh me eJllyuf Victoria, or to  coiiiioi't therewith by the' same; to construct,  operate nun mniiitiiiii Iciegrnpli mill tclcphouo  lines, niouit the ro.,ieol Ihe proposed rnilwny  or Its hi'i.iKlivs, ami to trnittmtt messages for  coiiniicrc.nl purpose-', niul to collect tolls thcre-  loi, io Kuiii-rniii. uli'inriciiy ior power und  lluiitlitt: purposes, uud lor nil-rights, powers  and pievflugcs neees-ary usual, or Incidental  to all or any oi ih--ufni'UMiiii piirpo.-cs.  Dn ted nt Vancouver, tills* 1st uny of October,  A.I). iuG2. 't-���:'������-������ ���      ���   . ,  II. G. MACDONELL,  1    : Solicitor for Applicnt.ts.  Bveninsf classes for instruction In  Technical Drawing ana Arithmetic required by tu'tizans and others, including Engineers, Fitters, Patternmakers,  Boilermakers, Cabinet Maiicers, Carpenters, .Toiners, Tinsmiths, Plumbers, etc.,  are held at .. i.itiiv:  419 Blastings Street  (In the room behind tlie Northern Pa-  ? ;'V.    . ciflc olllce.)      ,.c     V ?  Tuesday and Thursday Evening's!,-,  Between 7:30 and 9:30. '  : Further particulars may he obtained  either; on ��� personal application or.hy  letter addressed to  *     DAVID liLAIE,  -���'-��� Science.and. Art Master,  7 ?7.?  .   Normal School. .  The-  3QQGQGGOOOOOOOOOGOQOOCOO  Having the Only Up-to-Dato Grill Room C  in B.C. which in Itsell lB'-'a guarnnteo C  of a'7Irst;Clnss Hotel and Restaurant; .   o  3Goooooooo<xx>oeoooooooooc5  Seymour Streeet,VV ;:?:  Wc have not advanced the  price of our tobaccos. Amber  smoking tobacco, Bobs, Currency and Fair Play chewing  tobaccos are the same size and  price to the consumer as formerly. Wc have also extended the - time : for the redemption of "Snowshoe Tags"  to January J, J904.  EMPIRE TOBACCO* CO.  Vancouver, Sept. 20, 1904.  When you want to hire a nrst-clanii  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery Btables.   Telephone 125.  MAiKK'A MOTION AT TH1_ NEXT  JIKETING OF TOUR UNION TO INSTRUCT THE S13CRTARY TO COJI-  .MUNICA"nB THE NEWS CONCERNING YOUR CRAFT TO THE INDEPENDENT. ���  icei.  eb-:  ���VJvVD.VMurray.rBakerjha^  broken his? agreement -with  tl:e.;;'Bakers'?vUnion, and,his  shop is now non-union.' ?  VV :Uhioii men will.V govern  themselves accordingly..'?'  yyxxxylF^^  JjiyA '"Alyi'-i'l'y'-  ';;'V'.,.;;SeCretarv.'  ?f7>)f:��^��)KCK��:K��:K��y��:KCK��^��^K��^^K��^^��'v:��yc^  I  , Is no more a Bargain than a :*-  #65 Cleveland Bicycle at #45.    $;  I Gold at a Discount  t  71'  ^ We have Just a limited number of   both   Xiadles'   and   Gent's  & Models���1901 make���regular $65.00 wheels, whioh go while they last  $ ait J45.O0.  This is the greatest wheel bargain ln years.  I    ������'���-:���  I Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St.  * SOLE AGENT  Wo lmve now in stock a full line ot   tbe best Heating Stoves In the market  and have mnde a very low   price   on thoni to'clear'them''out'In a hurry.  COAL. BASIQ 1.URNEKS, COAL HOT DRAFTS, WOOD HOT DRAFTS,  PLAIN AIR TIGHTS, CAST TOP AIU   TIGHTS, ETJ.., ETC.  Phone 44.  9  122 Cordova Street?, Vancouver.1 B.C.  Phone 1063.  KELLY, UOU��LAS M ���C^  ^^vyw^  ? WHOLESALE .GltOCERJl.  ,'  Cordova and Water. Streets,   -   Vancouver, B.C.  "..'���[flSf3 Headquarters for Domestic: and Bsn-  jjorted Cigars and Smoking Sundries^   ?  The troublo is that a man's Pants set shabby before tlio rest of his  suit. Then if he is not particularly -thoughtful or "canny" aibout such  matters ho Oiuys another suit Instead of another pair of pants tb match  the present suit.and givo.it a new lcaso of life..       .: ..:<.;���.  : Perhaps wo are not diploma tic In giving.out this hint, -but diplomacy  or no diplomacy vve hnve the interests of our customers at heart and  strive to act'.in, their.interests. -���:���'���' '- :    ,' .;:"   .':.;:;  ': AVe.have.hundreds of pairs bf pants, hought vvlth'a vtevv.;:to : Just  such cases.     - ���'.������'.������;��� - ,- ���: :  ������''���   ������'. ������'-.  .;-.,   Prices riin from !SI.:.oO to as high as SO..;.:  :?:v::'?;vJ0MNST��N,;KEKrO^  ?? 10+and: 106 Cordova-Street. V      V   ;?VV  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St.; Ob^.Wm^ Ralph's;   ??  ���^(���^^���^M(^<^(^K^^  4t��-'-  'im  TOR ?;SEVERAL ? REASONS:  IllllLDERS'SliPrLIESfel  com  i^' SUITIJES;  : Because  we,;have? tlie {stock ;to;;.2?_  AA. supplyyybii ;the; tiest..- AJAi il-Al'"?'": -af.*':  Because our/'ait'tehtioiv will assure 7 �����-;  ���'-:��� test service.;'??'/;':V"?;,?;VV? iyXi%'y  ,:' .'���':':'/:: ������  '1.'." :..:''. '.'''v;'^': ^ "���:'  Because ���we;can save you tliiie?;*. ��  .?7?andJmoney?::?.:;?':?';'???.??���-?:;7??'*j"'.  :Because';one order is.a;step.to-??<(��-.V  '- :wards;"a;permahent customer.:"iV.'���? 5*f'--..  |;Ue��GERSVSUPrL!ES,>^v;;-v?';v  I iilacksmitiis'sirrils,  ^  SAHr MILL SUITLI1.S_ ETC ^  f1?; ���--���---   7K  fix'  I'PV'1,1:^1''7^  SNSI5ER'S; SI1��EVST^RE  V      G32   GRANVIUiB    STKEET, ���"������"["  yji'ly   ? Carries a full line of ." "y:  mNIOJ^LABEUSHOES^  '���The; Union 'Label .guarantees   fair  wages and good workmanship.  No scab labor.  PHONE  I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of vvork ln this line promptly attended to. ,  I i   GEO. HAY   : |  A     VmicauvRr'n    Pioneer    Clothes     A  J[      Heiiovnt'T, iniikcs u Bult new.    Ajf  ^Dyeing and Repairing. ?  A 215'CAMnlE ST., VA.VCODVKR.X"i'i'A'   2'^?;,:?:??:;:::��'??  yyyyy:y;iv ��yyji  mm  -������"���'.i.i, -l   ���"The Beer.-ivlthout?Peer"���makes delightful drinking;-:' iyA'i  Raise your-glass and drink iwlth -us' trils'?delcctable, ' amber-colorecT?  heverage-���this king of .drinks��� this, health-giving,1 sparkling liquid  of;-;  - crvstal purity', that' clears the: coBwehs. from   the -brain���souos   ivvarin,"/,  ; rich'-- iblood.-; bounding 'through; one's veins���puts'oiie ina'-kiiidly mood. '���",-.'������  -.'.>'.  It'chases:awayvthc :cares;of-'buslhess.;;?;1;;���:;'*?:?:?';?.??:?'::?;,?;?'?'?:?'-;f;V:  ���;?,���;; It: furnlshes'liumorUhat. shakes , one's sides.-?-"-'?;? ''���:s?'V?:?V~'V?V'??:?;  IV     It warms the very-cockles..of: one's ih'eart,?' and. tirlngs.Jto.life -tlie?;:  'hetter.sido of,one's nature, made,dormant.'by the oxatlons; of this too. :  strenuous age?-  y-xi'iyy '-'-��� ���i-,yA---iyX'- X r-. y XXI ;--���'��� yyyyi'- -il- -? :'1"' ii'X'i  ���'������ Fill 'up. your: glass   again and  drink;with 'us this. Canadian-made'���������;  Beer ��� this "Vancouver - made beer���brewed right here in Vancouver, in,  "a modern plant owned and operated, by Vancouverites' employing local  ,  capital and local help,- paying: out:many thousands of?dollars annually  in wages and for: local materials���lhdney.-. which.-llntls ils way. hack, into ,  the pockets-of our. own fellow- townsmen.-.'  :.;...'.;: f  : . But it is not upon:tho.'strength, of loyalty, to. home Institutions that  we ask. yourcjpatronage)���rather: upon, tho intrinsic worth . of    Cascade  itself.   '   .   :"   :."-...:.-  ���' ?1':1;:  In a few short months ,Cas cade. ,hy sheer worth,-.has forced itself ���  right up at the head ofthe procession until to-day It stands .   ...   ....,_;....  ���''���-.'��� , ?'?'? ������'���        ? "The I3eer .without a Peer." V  .'.;?���':-,'?:1'.?  I?  Ill  ������e5>g>g^��^5����^^  Just-?.-", ;?::-���    yA'-iii",  :-Giyvexy'X'':X':iXi':ii'i.  US??.,"'?  One Trial  , ���-.,������.���? at   Laundering   your,  FJannels nml sree, bow nicely vve  do them. .'.'���'.,  Make them clean rind sweet;  keep tbcm aoft and unslirunkcn.'  Steam Laundry  Phone340. 910-9H RiciiAnoa St  Dovvntowk Office, No. 4 Aucadk.  WtlITt   HILP  ONLY.  Parcels called for and delivered.  Advertise ln The Independent.  *><��**"*��* <�����������"��<�����<��"��������--  Take No Chances i  Tou ennnot   afford:  your eyesight   when  to neglect  you know '  ! that iby coming tons you can got ���  a jinlr of Glasses to suit your  eyesight perfectly. Lift irr. Allan,  our, doctor :of optics, -examine'  your eyes and give you the glass  you need.   Examlnhtlon.free. ?  mVIDS��N RRbs.,  The Jewelers and Opticians,  146 Cordova St.:   ?   ?    ;'  ���������������������������������  ^0tj|j|flll��^^

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