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The Independent Jul 19, 1902

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 ]'   Legislative Llbr'y Mar. M|01  THE  ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA  '. .SAVINGS   I3ANK . .^  '    ��� Qeaeral Banking Business  Transacted.  OFFICES���Hastings   Street, . W.,  ���jWeotminater Avenue, Vancouver.  B. 0. mmkMt L���AiK ASD  SAYIMS CO.  Authorized Capital    ���   $10,n0O,0lX>  siitisirlbcd Cnpilul   -   ���    l,.'jOO,Ch-0  Assets over    -.���.-.    .   , yi.o,oiO  Ht-ad Office 821 Caniblo.Street, \'an  couver, B. C.  VOL. 5.  VANCOUVER, B. C-, SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1902.  TEADIMD LABOR COUllQI-  ���President >'��� XV. 3: Lamrick, presided  over a fair attendance nt Thursday  night's meeting of the Trades and Labor council. The following new delegates were welcomed to the council:  lron-Mounders-^W."J.-Dickenson and  F. Johnson. "  Woodworkers���E. V. Batstone. K.  Grlmston and M. Fortln.  Street Ita il way Employees���Robert  Brunt, Chailes Bennett, F. C. O'Brien,  George Lenfesty, A; J. Wilson.  Brothoihood ot Caiijenters���J. Dixon,  JT. M. Slnclan, Robeit McPherson, Geo.  G. Dobbin; j George Adams.  _____      COMMUNICATIONS.  From Hairy Burgess, re overcharges  room rent, also per capita tax.sExecu-  \    live committee.  JTroin Isaac Harris, secretary South  Wellington Miners' Association, acknowledging receipt of donation to their  funds.   Filed '  .From D. G. Macdonell, rendeiing-blll  for services. Executive committee.  "Trom Kobert Donaldson, secretary of  i Nanaimo Trades and Labor council,  saying that much as it appreciated tbe  efforts of Vancouver on the' Chinese  question, yet Nanaimo held out for total exclusion.   Filed.  Prom Alex. Gibbons, secretary Nanaimo Tailors' union, endorsing tbe action of the council on the Chinese question.   Filed.  From J. T. GaAo, secretary Pattern-  Makers' League, Toronto, re organisation mattcis.   Refcired to organisation  i committee.  From G. Crush, secretary Painters'  -anion, endorsing the open letter on the  Chinese ouestlon  to  the  government.  . Filed. ,r     ,#  From G. Weston Wrigley, of the Canadian Socialist, asking council's endorsement of said paper.  New business.  SABBATH OBSERVANCE.  The Lord's  Day Alliance  of Canada.  ��� , .'     TORONTO, July 4, 1802.  Mr.cT.-H. Cross, Secretary Trades and  . Labor Council, Vancouver, B. C.  Dear Elr,���I duly received'your letter  {promising, the hearty  co-operation  of  your council ln our proposed effort to  ���bring the pressure of public opinion to  toearupon the responsible.heads of our  ,. great railway .systems -with a view of  preventing the.Increase and securing a  reduction of .the unnecessary traffic and  la'bor now being carried'on upon these  great transportation systems.' Will you  kindly express to your council for myself and for tl.e alliance lt Is my honoi1  to  represent,  our hearty  appreciation  of your offered aid'   I have noted the  suggestion of some of the Trades and  Labor councils  that,  while something  may be gained  by such an"eftort ns  -we propose, yet no effective remedy will  lie found short of- public  ownership,  ���wbleh would  eliminate    the  powerful  motive to Sabbath desecration, namely,  the desire for dividends felt alike by  stockholders and managers; and I wish  to say that many of the leaders in our  movement hold this rvlew strongly, my-  ���elf among the number, and that It is  our habit, as opportunity affords, to let  our voice be heard for whatever lt is  t .  ���worth, towards  the" spreading of this  view,  which,' we   believe,  Is,,growing  1 rapidly in the faivor of the Canadian  public.   1 have found the gathering of  the necessary Information In connection  r'       ' -t  t  i with our..proposed' effort a: slower process than I had reckoned, hence lt will'  probably be early autumn before I will  be ready to submit our detailed plans  ior your approval.and co-operation. As  lo the new committee appointed, that  ln connection with the "Arbitration Act"  referred  to your/committee,  that the  aaid act dc-uls directly with .all railway  einployocu.    The   suggestion   ls   mado  that a delegate from each of tho various  unions    In   connection  with  the  railways und street railways be usked  to meet with, the Parliamentary committee   to   discuss    Uie   proposed   act,  und any amendments suggested thereto,  sothat, It-possible, unity of action may  be   secured   in   connection therewith,  and tiuu the secretaiy of the council  bf  instiurted  to  icriuest the various  unions directly interested ln said act,  to appoint each one delegate to meet  the ��� Parliamentary committee on Wednesday   evening, August, 6th;' 'All of  which is respectfully submitted by. your  committee. Any Other business on hand  will.be duly handed 1 over''to incoming  committee on   Wednesday, July 23rd.  The; committee "takes this opportunity  to thank the council for the manner  in which their reports have beeh received during their; term of oflice.  ERNEST BURNS.  -   " _ Secretary.  The repoit was appioved.  NO 17  more to Instruct your delegates to the  Trades and Labor Congress of Canrdi  to oppose the admission of the delegates  of the Central TrddeB and Labor Council of Montreal.  It is unheard of that a body lll�� the  Trades and Labor Congress of Canada  should recognise two central drgunldi-  tlons in the samo locality having the  same powers and bitterly opposed'to  ��uch other.  Hoping that,you will give these matters your serious consideration and  that you will comply vvith the abcuv  request, vve remain, yours fraternally,  (Signed) J Treiublay (chairman),- E.  Berthlaume, J,'A'i Kodler, L. M.-Dupont, J. A. Lepetlt (secretary), legislative committee of the Federated Trades  and Labor Council of Montreal. i  Laid over till next meeting.  ON m RAIL  The construction department "has  prepared a ret of three standard plans  for the C."P. It. stations, the second  and third of which have-dwellings attached, while No. 1 Is for larger localities. The designs aro very, artistic  and thc Idea .'in time Is to have uniform des'gn of stations all over! the  system.  DELEGATES  TO T. AND L. CON-  , _ GRESS.  " The.. matter of sending delegates to  the next convention of the Trades and  Lalbor Congress of Canada will come up  at the next meeting.  FEDERATED TRADES AND LABOR  COUNCIL OF MONTREAL.  To the officers and members of LabOr'  Organisations, in Canada in affiliation  with    the  dnternational   Unions ln  America and the Trades and   Labor  Congress of Canada.  .Greeting,���The; undersigned have been  instructed by the Federated Trades and  Labor council of Montreal to lay before you their grievances against  the  Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,  a body whose actions are not in harmony with the pi Inciples of the discipline.,which .should exist in "the ranks  of organised labor, said actions being  a decided obstacle to the progress of  the labor movement In this.city, and  tb ask you to instruct your delegates  to the'Trades and Labor Congress of  Canada to take    such action as will  remedy said grievances." "���  The, grievancesare as follows:     t  There exists in Montreal two councils  recognised by the Trades and Labor |  NEW OFFICERS. '   V  A. G. Wilson, F. Haw and J. H. Wat  son were appointed tellers in the election of.the following officers: <>'  President���XV. -3.  Lamrick. ,  Vice-president���F. Russell; !  Secretary���T.: H.  Cross.  Financial-secretary���J. L. Lllley.  Ti easurer���J. M. Sinclair.  Statistician���A. G. Wilson.  Sergeaut-at-arms���Geo. Dobbin.  Trustees���R. Macpherson,, E. Burns,  J. H'���.Watson. '  Executive committee���R. Macpherson,  J. H. Watson and foregoing list of "executive officers.  -\  The C. P. R. machinists, at a recent  meeting held In Winnipeg, Voted a  day's pay each month' from every man  on the Western and Pacific' divisions  of the big road, to assist the striking  machinists on tho Canadian Northern  Railway. A rough estimate/of .'the. full  amount from both the Western and  Pacific divisions, is between $1,500 and  $1,800. It1 Is ..understood, that; the machinists of the eastern divisions are  also assisting the strikers.  dian Northern system, written by responsible men In the service, state that  thc maintenancc-of-way men are as a  unit In coming out' and standing by  their comrades ln demanding a schsj-  ule and a contract. Guncral Roadmaster  O'Brien and his lieutenants are either  very poorly informed or very reckless  in their statements. Everybody In coo  sequence Is notified that this depart  ment of the service Is solid.  tiie mum wm.  The president said that he would appoint/the standing committees at the  next meeting.  THE PRESIDENT SPEAKS; '���  President Lamrick: thanked the council for the votes it had honored him  withy by again returning him to the  presidency of the council; The council  bad made good progress during the past  six months." There had been a balance  fiom 1901 of $136.02; the receipts from  rents, etc., amounted to $7-13.76, making  a total of $881.77. ���'��� yThe expenses' had  been $740.62, leaving a balance on hand  of {.1,38.15. ._ "     ''  Expenses of management���-Balariceyon  hand from last year .was $10.04; receipts  from per capita" tax, $201.40; making a  total of $211.44. Expenses, $158.83, leaving a balance on hand .of $62.61. _  Together with $3 from the former  treasurer/added to the balance on hand  of $187.76, make a total of $189.70.  The  engineering  department of the  Canadian Pacific railway is at present  undergoing a  process of  re-organiza  tion.     Hitherto  there'���-.have been���:two  departments, one. Of maintenance and  another   of construction.   The"'former  was originally under the supervision of  P. A, Peterson, H. Inst., C. E., but upon his recent indisposition; was taken  ever by H. E. Vautelet, who was given  the title of acting.- chief engineer/and  Mr, Peterson' that of consulting engineer. X The department-of construction  j was;under the charge of Mr.' Tyc, who  had a 'large staff and drawing office.  Now it appears: the two departments  are to be merged into one, all under  the immediate    supervision of E.  H.  McHenry,   the   new  englneer-ln-chief,  and .there will be 'but one .drawing' of  fice.   The  most urgent  work the de  partment will be engaged ln for some  time Is the ..imporvement In; the' alignment /and gradient of the 'main  line,  the relaying with heavy Tails and the  substitution   of    steel   for  wood    ln  bridges and. trestles. -When .this work  Is completed/by-the end ;of next year,  it is anticipated; the'.run*/to; the Pacific  will be cut down nearly'a*day.���Revel  stoke Herald. " 5.  There'had been' formed   in i the -city  Congress, of Canada, the Federated Islnce January lst- seven unions' (f  Trades and Labor Council, composed of | whlch three haive'affiliated with the  organlsatlons.aflHiated'wlthythe differ-  soon i as ���: posslblo/I - will I forward these.  Meantime, I'desire thus to'report progress and to .express, as, I have above,  our  appreciation'-. of /the/co-operation  of the organized  labor forces-of the  country.   I am glad to say that wherever I go,  especially within  the last  -year.-I receive the heartiest .welcome  .and the most cordial co-opratlon from  Iho'workingmen. "This Is* as It should  te.  There Is no class In the community  that has so much at stake.Inthe buttle  ior the Sabbath as the tollers.    I. am  Slad to say that our alliance Is steadily  and rapldlly. growing, alike In strength  and influence, and I hope that wc may  be able  to , render some  material  aid  .to the cause of Industrial liberty and  jmpioved conditions of labor In our hi-  aoved  country.    With   'kind    regjids,  sincerely yours,    ' .J, G. SHEARER,  ���' t Secretary.  This letter vvas filed for references.  ent International unions and attached  to the American Federation of Labo<"  and a small number of independent  unions; and the Central Trades and  Labor Council, composed of mixed assemblies of the Knights of Labor.and of  trades unions composed 'of employers  and/ employees that has ;��� seceded' from  their international'* unions .and were  forced-to retire from the Federated  Trades and Labor Council for that rea-  =on. ' ' .  . Further, among the leaders of the  Central'Trades and LLatoor.Council'are  men. who have-no visible;means of support, and on every occasion these individuals go before public bodies to  speak in the name of organised labor  without making any distinction between thcir organisation and the Federated Trades and Labor Council, which  body/la absolutely opposed-to'them.  -The said Central Trades and La'bor  Council ls further an uncompromising  opponent of International unions and Its  representatives are actually trying to  break up International unions ln "Mon  treat. ~~   .  council. Nearly all the unions on the  board had materially increased in  their membership and are in good circumstances. It was pleasing to note  that all :��� unions ���were working In harmony, as was instanced in the late  strike, of 'the/freight-handlers, which  body had been offered' assistance from  other;unlons unsolicited.; The president  congratulated the newly-formed union  of teamsters as-being one of the largest unions, If not the largest, In the  city.' ;,The laundry, workers weie not  far'behind in their numbers. The Carpenters'/ unions had made great headway, through- the .Building Trades  Council, and he.hOped tbsee the Amalgamated Carpenters ; again; represented  at the council. Mr. Lamrick lesumed  his seat amid applause.  . ���OX��TDUC*TORS ~ANI> TRAlKiMtQN.' '  The Joint conference of the Order of  Railway Conductors and the Brotherhood, of Railway Trainmen; >.which had  been ln session in .Kansas City for a  week,, has been; (ended, and the .delegates, left'for their .homes, on Sunday.  One of the delegates;.'a.llttl^more willing, to talk than the othersjosald to;the  Kansas City Record:���'.'..,"The conference  was in line with the general trend of  the age. In these days large organis  atlons/wlth similar.' objects'are joined  into one large body."  "Did the conference effect a; consolidation, of- the conductors and /trainmen?"  "Well, yes, practically," he replied.  !They will be'governed byone advisory  board. :   I cannot tell you any more-'  WINNIPEG FREIGHT   HANDLERS.  The current  Issue  of  the WInnlpsg  Voice says:  'The Canadian 'Pacific is showing lt3  teeth again and seems to be spoiling  for a flght. It has thrown off the  mask of anya:separateness between It  and the C. N. and is supporting fm  scab shop in the most open way.  "Within the last few days 14 Winnipeg  freight -.handlers'...ihave  been-  discharged   and   replaced   by   men from  Montreal.      Mr.   Wilkle, the foreman,  assigns ��� no.',-reason  beyond  that he  is  acting under .explicit instructions.  On  the face it looks like a conspiracy to  break up tho U- B. R. E., most of the  discharged nien.: belonging to that /or  der.'     Fivei'minutes'" reflection should  be enough to lay bare the tactics    of  corporate; employers 'of labor:     these  are  what-they 'have"ever been,   and  may be expressed in one-word���'Division.' i   As long as they can, they   oppose a union, and nd longer able to do  this,   they  bend  all  their energies  lo  oppose any joint action or.sympathy b2-  tvveen unions.;: By'inserting clauses in  contracts, appealing to the selfishness  of men, and by every. means in their  power they aim to sow dissension and  jealousy between organisations of labor  ���and none cam deny they are largely  successful.  ; The -worker is still in many  cases a frail, dependent creature, with  but little knowledge, and as little care  about the influences that are ...working  him.     He   looks above   him   for his  friends  anions  those whose  interests  are intrinsically opposed to his ovvn, instead of around him' and -among those  on his own leivel, who, were they but  united, would be iiivinclblfe."  Things have been moving so t-^ioothly  in the woiking of the ccrd cyt-tcm that  there has been very little to chronicle  of special interest to oiganisrd labor  ir. this city no a whole. The ClTicultles  encountered in the early stager, owing  to sub-contracts being let to fair and  unfair shops, previous,to the introduction of .the "card; are gradually becoming less as nevv ..work is starting up on  a ;better basis' and : more ������ favorable to  the centralized organisation, namely,  the Building Trades -'council,.  Several jobs aro partially tied up, ow*  lng to the persistency of certain con-i  tractors iii employing nori-uniOn bricklayers, the stone-cutters refusing to  cut stone for these men. to set.  t Architects aro now asking contractx  bis In some coses if they, employ unlori  men before awarding a contract, or  recommending it to be awarded, as they'  wish to avoid labor- troubles ln the execution of the work.  Mr. Harry Cowan, of the Independent  staff, is about to erect a house for  himself on Haro^street, and has deputed the agent of the Building Trades  Council, Mr. Charles Hlltoon, to specially, watch over union interests on the  job. It is needless to say that only union labor vvill be engaged on this job...  PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEE.  Tour committee beg leave to report as  iollows: That as thls'vvll! be'the last  report of   the   present,,'committee, lt  The Federated -Trades-7 and,' Labor  Council cannot, owing to the protection  given the Central Trades and Labor  Council through the Trades and Labor  Congress of Canada, successfully 'oppose the, said .Council  lAs a result of this state of things  there are every year in this city two  Labor Day; processions and two picnics,  thus doing great Injury to the cause  of labor,,as.,unorganised, .workingiiicn  give this as a reason for^ refusing to  join the ranko of organised labor.  This, division likewise has a;bad effect on public men and employers who  taike advantage of it, to refuse every  concession demanded by organised labor  i  ; Nevertheless, the Central Trades and  Labor Council does., not represent one-  tenth" of the organised'; men.' of vMon-  trcal. '   i"  'The offlcera of the said'Central "Trades  and La'bor Council oppose the Federated  Trades and La'bor CouncU on th'a  strength of they being officers of.the  Trades 'Congress ;of Canadi  IN GENERAL  Tho firemen thanked the council for  the ��� support ^Iven; them  in obtaining  their raise in salary.  It /was decided - on motion^, to allow  the; reporters'of the Canadian Socialist  a: seat at the desk; but that the endorse-  ment-by the"Councll-of thafpaper be  withheld for c-ix months.  It was 'also resolved to throw- the  meetings of the'council open to the reporters of the different newspapers.  Messrs,. Wilson, Robinson, Rowland,  and Burns, .together with/the Executive  committee;" were - appointed a committee to revise the constitution and bylaws.  i ' if.  The receipts of the evening were $152  Adjourned. .  SPECIAL MEETING.  The'CouncIl will meet on July .list to  take into consideration the Labor Day  celebration.  MOONLIGHT EXCURSION.  -The Clerks' Association-Will  hold  a  grand moonlight excursion on .Thursday  evening, July. 31st. i./.Tickets   may   be  had: from the. Committee.  ���would recommend to the council and|   As a consequence-we ask you' once  ���According to some ofi our local opticians/the sight, of: Our school chlldMii  should be attended to.' How would lt  be to make a. test of both the signt  and hearing of the pupils. In some of  tho eastern cities this is'done occasionally, i Iut this regard Ottawa will  make, an examination. - -,    -  THE C. N. R. STRIKE.  A' Winnipeg despatch says that one  of the /greatest demonstrations held'in  the railroad history of the west toOk  place on Tuesday night, when thousands of people attended the open-air  mass meeting on theHudson's Bayreserve,, called by/the sympathisers of  the Canada' Northern./ -Alex. McDonald, a leading wholesale grocer, characterised' the treatment "accorded the  men as unjust. Several of the strikers  who spoke, said that: they would remain out untU-they got their demands.  The Trades, and Labor Council,sent a  resolution, stating that their sympathies were with the men.  As a result; of the meeting, a;settla-  ment of the;troubIe is iexpected; in; a  few days.  The Voice says that.the.strike situation -for the men  Is of- the:'brightest.  Evidence is Increasing every^hoiir that  the company Is almost at the last extremity. The road Is In some parts Impassable and eveiy wliere deteriorating  In   condition.      The i oiling stock    Is  largely uniflt for iise, and the number  of (.strikers   is constantly/increasing.  What little business Is being done  Is  with  the, help of a few- officials ,and  some "scab" clerks, who all .will be dismissed :���' from  the    service/before", the  strikers will return to work. Mr. Han-  na's  extravagant  bluff  Is childish   In  view of such a hollow- farce nnd pretence at running a railroad     Tho company-has about exhausted all the tricks  known to railroad exploiters, American  and Canadian;    It foils bacik   on  the  'Milgh bluff."   l Wind being cheap an-3  easy. ,  Letters from every part of the Cana-  C* P. B. MACHINISTS* SCHEDULE.  ', The' rates of pay for the. machinists  on the western and Pacific divisions of  the C. P. R. are as follows, and shall  not be changed/without thirty (30) days-  notice being given: ''  Minimum.  Fort William   to ' Broadview,   per   ':  hour .'.  ..   ;.!:-..   .'.'.".'.'���.'.".$ .29  Broadview   to   Calgary ' 'and' 'east  ' of Crow's Nest ''.."'..  ..''..' 31  Crow's   Nest to   Kootenay   Landing -...' 33  Laggani.to Kamloops, .exclusive, of ���  Kamloops,    but     including    all ���  points ln same longitude 33  Kamloops to Vancouver.' -  32  'Apprentices���First, 7c;" second, 9c;  third, lie; fourth, 13c;'fifth year, lac  Apprentices coming out of their time  ���Western dMslon, 23c to 26c; Pacific  division, 25c to 27 l-2c, for a period not  exceeding six months.  Leading hands.to receive an;increase  of 2 cents per hour over present schedule rates. v t  That when machinists working in  Vancouver are sent outside the shops  to work on steamers or In, the city,  their regular working hours shall be  fiom 7 o'clock to 17 o'clock, vvith one  (1) hour for dinner and ten (10) hours'  pay-will be allowed for same.  The regular shop hours shall be from  7;o'clock to 18 o'clock the flrst h<ve days  of=.the_vveek,_vvIth one_hour-for_d!nner,  between 12vand 13 o'clock; and on the  sixth day the hours shall be frotn 7  to 17 o'clock from Ocotober until April  lst, with'dinner hour as usual; from  April lst to October lst the hours shall  be from 7 o'clOok to-12 O'clock 'on Saturdays. '    ��� '  In all round houses and shops 'working In regular relays night and' day,  the day staff" shall.be governed/ by  the regulations applying to tho winter, term as above - and the; regular  hours of the night start shall-be from  19 o'clock to-6 o'clock,, aiid- on Saturdays from : 20 o'clock until :& o'clock,  vvltli'-one hour' for meals.-' ; Overtlms  shall be allowed a'fter- the' above -hbur��  and shall bo commuted lit the rate of  time and one-half.  -Machinists called out after 22 o'clock  shall receive a' minimum of two and  one^half hours.  Sundays and all.-X)omlnion h'olidayt  shall be paid for, at overtime rat=s.  The word overtime shall mean all tlnie  after.shop hours.  The new card, which comes in on  August lst, will be Issued by the various unions to members in good standing before-the end Of this month. Mem-  Ijers will do well to attend the next  meeting' of their respective unions to  obtain same, as the old card dies on  July Slst. The agent will start an active crusade around 'the c.ty to see'"  that the boys are up-to-date.  The current union wages in the building,trades in this city are as follows:  Carpenters���Journeymen, $3 to $3.25 a  day of nine hours; foremen, $3.50 to *5.  Stone-cutters���Journeymen, $4.50   for  eight hours. ,  , Bricklayers und Masons���Journeymen,  ,$4 to .5,1.50 for eight hours: Jp^rpmen,,J3  to $6.--.-'.      '������*���!   '    -'���"''    ivi-"'  .Plumbers���Journeymen, $3.60 for eight,  hours; no foremen working.1     ,   >- -*  Painters-^Journeymen,    $3 -for  .nln9'  hourp; foremen, $3.25.   . - -  , Laborers���$2.25 to $3 for elghtthours-  Electrical workers���Journeymen, $Sfo-  nine hours.   ��� : . ��� -- V*  i.  It may be stated that the wage3 oZ'  foremen vary according; to -the; magnitude of the paiticular works and the  number of men employed, thereon.  - FROM VICTORIA.'  The management of the -big Westsid->  store, at Victoila, will close at 1 p.m.  on Saturdays, and re-open forbusine. ;  at 7 p.m. This is to commence today, and continue in force until the.end  of August.  A committee of the Clerks' union wilt  act in conjunction with a committee of  the Trades and iLabor Council towards  the inauguration of an earlier closing  hour for, grocery shops.  The Barbers' union has recel-ved Its  new charter, which is quite a work cf  ai t. The report of the excursion committee gave every encouragment for tlu  success of their trip to Seattle nest  Sunday.  The tailors of Victoria vv-IU hold their  second ^annual_plcnlc_at_Bazaii_ Bay   Park on the"24th. .Trains; will leajve  the, Victoria Terminal station at S a.m.,  and will leave Sidney at 9 p. m.  There will be a programme ot sports,  Including-baseball.  The Colonist and Times prints some  200 notices of application, to the commissioner of 'Lands!; and Works for. the  lease of foreshore rights on Vancouver  Island for fishing purposes and uso of  traps. They are nearly/nil from can- '  nerymen.'. s  ' The garment workers 'have decided to  affiliate with the Interim tlon jr. body.  The 'application form for chnrter.will  he left open for two weeks/after .which  date'the Initiation fee will bo raised.  . When you want to, hire a flrat-clns��  horse and buggy, go to the Palac  Uvery.iUble*.  Telephone 126.  WOMAN'S WORHC LIMITED.  Last, week the supreme court of Ne-  brastaiz rendered an opinion' affirming  the constitutionality of thfi female labor  law enacted by the last legislature. It  provides that 60 houis a week ls the  'maximum for female -labor,whether engaged In manufacturing or mercantile  pursuits. _ The dse wns brought from  Omaha on an appeal by a laundryman  I who was convicted cf Its violation.  /��i��I  wsmi  k^f-tb/&^M,:-MiiaSi^^m'iikmi^.i':  -i-ifi).  'yil-ifptfJy  .-.iiVSJr.";.:  lit  :fefS  SI  { i  is  I  By Helen ltloiuBiiniiyilor.  "it was  doors untl  ���.vhen wo had all como  iu-  rmio  to our  rooms  and I  li.i-l Mapped out of my gown, put on a  i ���-.���-.:�� isiicquo o.or my robo do uhum-  b;.. ne'nt away my maid, and sat  iiow,: nt my window to htivb a little  tiiiiik about something which Dr. Forney hud boon wiying to mis during tlio  ovwiing���when I k:ippnv.><tl to catch  sight of two brutes Muuding in tlio  umoiilig'tt jiu-'-t beluvv* I iio vviuilovv.  A woman, a finely lurnieil, lTgnl >wt  of a crouturo. tlioii!.;li wretchedly  clnd; und u mun. '.nil mnl lino looking. I rei'Ojrnix'id.. tliu latter nt o'ice!  it was Dr. Fornoy. The vvonuui  l'ifiki'il us if hlic hail (mc been :i liemi-  iy, bursitescorned ill now. Myelin-  oMty win aroui-i'il. I winched tliem  for awhile. Their voices enmo to mo  faintly. The woman goMirulnlcd ox-  .citeilly. Dr. Fornoy .stood with his  :n ins folded, looking at hi>r. I iiuujj-  ������ iu'.' ho ' is not. a hardened sinner,  i;imi";1i lie i.-- a pretty cool ono.  "'Presently 1 could not- rusint the  toi!i|il:it-iou, and I .softly raised the  wish anil laid my oar on tlio winduw  id 11. I could hour every word thar  ri.cv- wild.    And heie it is:  " 'Only "let nil) -son hor for ono  hour!' iho woman- was pleading pite-  ously. 'Only tell mo whom you have  jmf hor! Oh! Walter Forney!  iiuven't I .suii'creil enough at your  ���bunds?   Lot'mo'soo my baby 1'  "'I (-minor.'  .   . " 'Why can't- yon?   You   will   not!  She was all I had. mitl-you have taken  hor from mo!; Why aro von so cruel  to mo?'  "'I would  bo  your best friend, if  ytni would  let me.   I lmve been only  kind to you in   Inking   tiio  child.   If  yon lovo hor you must wish for her  best good.'  '        " 'riho will grow  up  despising  hor  mother.   You  will  touch  her  to bo  ashamed of me nnd ! to  unto''me���as  you liatn mcl". Walter Foriioy!   Give  '.' her back to mo!   She is my child!'  '���"Not so loud. YonWill bo hoard.'  '"Yes, I will bo heard 1 I will rouse  iho house! I will cxpiiM) your villainy  to that, beautiful  woman whom you  hopo to marry!   Sho is a woman���hlie  will uudcrstnud  my  woo!   Oh!   give  mc back my baby!'  "Sho put. lieryfi'.cc in hor hands and  sobbed wildly.    My   own  heart  beat  suir'ocntinglv.       W hat    porn' dious  wretches mon are!  "llo said to lior,   'You  shall have  ": the child when you aro willing '"  "'Togo into au insane asylum!'  ���slio almost shrieked. ' N'o! You shall  not, entrap mc! But I will have my  baby in spito of yon. You shall not  keep her.    She  is  not yours,   slio  is  mine, and '  "'Hush! Yon compel mo to bo  .harsh with you���and you know I  novor want to bo that. Now listen  to mo���at eight o'clock in tho morning you must go awny. I shall put  you on tho train.' Whon you got to  Boston, if you will go to Eriukton's,  I will pay all the costs. If you do  not, you cannot have your child restored to you. You know as well us  I do tliat tliis talk about an iuainc  asylum is absurd.'  "Hid tone was quiet and firm. The  excited woman soemod to becoino  calmer under its influence. Her head  drooncd, lier hands hung clasped in  front of her. AU her wild passion  appeared suddenly to havo gono out  of her.  " 'Give mo money then!' sho 'said,  in a doco, hopeless voice. 'I havo not  a cent. I have calcn nothing to-day.'  " 'Not a penny will I givn you.  You could buy no food ut this hour.  In tho morning I will get you somo  breakfast and buy your ticket to Bos-  . ton. If you are not at the .stntiou at  eight o'clock���but you ilnre not disobey  mo iu this. Now,' ho concluded, 'go  to your inn for an hour's rest.'  "'Givo iuo onlv a dollar,' slio  pleaded, almost abjectly. 'I must  buy food���I am hungry.' >  " 'Whero.will you buy it?'  " 'At tho inn.'  " 'Do you forget that tbo last time I  ���took-you-thero.at__midiiiglit_|.h<:y__ro;  fused to sell us any-thiug?'  "Sho said nothing. 'Go now," ho  added kindly.   ' Go homo and rest.'  " 'Home,' she said bitterly, as' sho  turned away. 'What homo have I  sinco you sent me from yours?'  ..'." Ho/stood and ���watched hor as sho  . walked nway. Ho turned, thon, and  entered the door just boloiv iny window.  "I closed the snsh and finished undressing for bed���trembling'hnd shivering ! Tbat woman's face will haunt  mo forovor I   How can mon act so!  "Of course I could not sloop after  witnessing such a scene. I am glad  I heard it, though. I shall fool moro  at ease with Dr. Fornoy now. Ho  isn't such a saint as I supposed him.  , I havo always bad such an uncomfortable sense of his superior goodness,  ever 'since I first moi him 1 He is the  , ouly man I evor know that could make  : me stand a littlo in awe of him. But  now w;tli this knowledge of bis  wickedness, I shall feel quite differently. At least I think I shall. I  must acknowledge that it mokes him  more interesting than over���and he  was very fascinating before I I shall  mako him tell me about this, some  time, after we are married I That is,  if wo ever are married. Of course,  however, I cannot seriously doubt my  powers of conquest.   The men always  ��� succumb ���. mo. But be is slowor  coming down than any one I hnvo  | evor known. Thero are times when  11 cannot foel that I hold him en-  ] thralled in the least. Ho has such  ' cravo eyes���and sometimes when thoy  | look at mo quito steadily, I actually  | feel, sontohow, nsluimod of mvself���  j and tbou I bato him! Thero is somo-  I thing vory stand-oil about him. Ho  j would not always bo quito comfort-  ' nblo ns a husband.  Somotimes ho i.s hard to understand.  Now why did he freeze up so when I  suggested lending Riiukiu a gown?  By tho way, I simply cannot got ovcr  her having such a sweetly pretty  thing ns sho wore at tho hop last  niirlit. It. was trimmed with such exquisite lnce. And sho really looked  vory pretty.' I heard several of tho  men asking who sho was. I .wish I  had somo girl friend horo, with whom  I could talk ovcr what I saw last  night. If only Isabel Honmino woro  witli mc! It is awfully hard to keep  it to myself. I don't dnro toll Aunt  Louise. Sho is too injudicious. Slio  would bo so crazy to understand all  about it that- sho would bo suro to betray it.  "Woll, I shall have to wait until I  go'home, and'then I shall toll Isabol  about it nnd nsk hor what she tbiuks  of it. I can hardly wait until I seo  hor!  "Meanwhile, whether or not to  cause Dr. Forney to suspect that I  know somothing���shnll I? It would  be such lots of fun to get him wrought  up!   I must think about it."  iU  '40s.  V ��.,M.M-  d  I.  CHAPTER VII.  - It was late iu thc afternoon of tbo  dny aftor tbo hop, aud Fornoy owns  idly strolling aloijg the beach in a  lonely region about a mile from tho  cottago. Ho looked rather palo and  harassed, yet his strong faco bore its  usual expression of solf-command.  His solitary ramble iu tlio summer afternoon beside tlio s * ooth, sunlit son,  was soothing bis tired norvos, and filling him with tbat rare consciousness  of perfect peace in which one rests  absolutely in tho prevent moment and  feols content to have it linger forover.  So ho walked1 slowlj and with a growing sonso of sorouity in tho beauty  around and abovo>bim.  "Sho said sho loved tho soa 'with a  very groat love,'" he mused. "Miss  Hale, too, by the way, seemed, last  night, to show moro gonuiuo appreciation of tho beauty by which wo live  surrounded .hero, than ever beforo  since I havo known ber. I was agreeably surprised at hor genuine enthusiasm on our way homo. It was a  wonderful night, nud sho would indeed have been 'sadly lacking, if. sho  could have been quite cold, to it. Miss  Rsuikin, as wo drovo along, as usual,  did not sny , much, but her faco expressed things! I have begun to think  she bus a speaking face, though I cannot consider ���' bor a beauty. What  astonishing revolutions sho makes of  herself occasionally! A fascinating  little  personality,   when   ono  conies  into real touch with her.   But "  , A sound.behind him nindo biih: suddenly turn.   Somo   distance  bnck in  tlio sandy path wliich ho was  travcrs- L  ing, he saw a small girl  running   to- '  wards him.   Sho bad shouted to him  to "please  stop!"   Sho  looked like"  one of the  village children,  a sunburned, coarsoly-elad littlo ono. Probably she had lost hor  way,   for  she  looked no more than five or six years !  of ago���a dainty, goldou-hairod littlo >  sprite.   He walked to.nieetjker. i  "Oh!" she cried, panting,   as  thoy  camo togolher, "please como!"    j       ���  "Yes," ho  said,   taking  bor tiny '  hand; "where shall I como?" '  "To mother."  "Where is sho?   Can you tako mo?" i  ho asked..', But he needed no answer, '  for she 'eagerly led Mm along. , |  "Mother failed," sho explained,   as ,  thoy hurried away from tho shore and '  up a slope of ground   towards  the ;  woods. I  "Where?" I  "Oif a chair." I  "Near horo? ...Where is she now?"    I  "At home.   Right up horo  iu the'  woods.   Tbo lady seou you pass a bit  ago, and just theii mother failed, and '  the lady said, 'Go after him,   Polly,  he^s^doctor^jiuickr "  i ho had carried thither  in his   arms;  ! ho  was perfoctly  familiar' with the  signs.  | Tho caso was quickly explained by  tho elder girl. Hor mothor had stood  upon a chair to bang out the wash  which she was doing for a lady at the  Polbnin Bench Cottage, when sbe  suddenly fainted; sho had a tumor in  hor breast whicli kept hor w��ak, and  tho wash bail been largo and hard to  , do.  1     "Tho lady at tho cottago needed it  by   to-morrow    morning,"   said   the  ohilil, hopelessly, "and sho sayed 'less  mother conld promise to got it finished by that timo,   sho would have to  send  it  to tho village. ���- And mother  promised, but now  it won't  bo  did  . and   tho" lndy'll   bo  cross.   It's all  ' washed," sho added, "but it cau'tgot  ironod by tlio niorniii'.   And tho lady  , won't hire mothor no moro  'loss  tho  irnoin'   is  did,   too,   'causo   mothor  promised, you know, to havo   it  did.  And wo'vo used all our wood up heat-  in' tlio wash boiler, and nny howi slio \  won't got paid.   I bad ought to mako |  her a cup of tea, but wo  can't  have j  no fire,   now,   'till  she  gots strong  ' enough to chop somo moro wood.   I  'can't  chop  it,   'causo I aiut,big enough."  "I'll chop somo for you, my child," j  ho said, as ho knelt on tbo Iloor and  folt the  sick  woman's   pulso.     Ho'  tpok a phial from his vest pockotand  poured into the   tin cup of water a I  fow drops of dork liquid,   asking  tho  younger girl to bring him a teaspoon. '  '' Of courso,'' ho said, as he gave tho '  patient a dose of  the mixture,-"tbo I  lady will excuso tho -dolay with hor (THE CONDITION  work wheu you explain to hor that j        WESCOTT, Ol  your mother was ill."  "Sho sayed she wouldn't hire her  nevor no more if it wasnt' finished in  time," the child sadly replied. "Sho  mado us wait two weeks for tho pay  once wheu somo wash wasn't done in  time-" . I From the Sun, Seaforth, Ont.  "But she knows your mother is ill, I Mrs_ Wm Wostcott is well known  doesn't she? Sho was here when your l0 ncal.ly uU the rcsUlcIlts of Sea.  mother fainted and sho sent your forli,. it is also well known to her  littlo sister after mo?" neighbors and friends that sho pnss-  "No, sir, that / was the Othor ,01! through a trying illness, but is  Lady." '- I now,  happily,  in robust health.   To  "Woll," thought Forney. " .'the |tlie editor 01 the Sun, Mrs. Wostcott  Other Lady,' whoovor sho is, did a! ''^'"Uy Sav�� tlie particulars of her  selfish thing in desorting  these  chil-!cast>  for  Publication,  merely  7 "      ffl'' ���  &7fy  fft&   MsOsffUf. A/)      J? P0  &��-fi - cUJes &ftrc^  cfafU> trior a*d>irvc��/ &m4/ ttUfUf M^unt/  iffuus iltMintf'  ��� /fi  A CHEMIST  IX DMBRYO.  Hank Tininions' boy-Dob poured a  'pint of castor oil   in    thc molasses  jug when the folk* woro away to  'church lust Sunday, and Hank's  j folks always havo mush and mo-  lhisses for supper Sunday night. Doc  i Heed,who tended on Hunk's family,  said the fumily wouldn't have sulTcr-  'ed more if thoy had eaten a pock of  Candy discards.���Independent.  WEAK AND HELPLESS  When a good woman stays away  from church, uud hears .ifter. that  there'was almost no one there, tho  burden on her conscience increases.  Keen MABD'S UMEliT in the House.  Count your blessings. If you sleep  in a cold house;whoro nil tho fires  go out at night, remember that in  the warm steam-heated houses, bedbugs winter as ,well as summer.  THE SWEET GIHL GUADUATE.  lilrs. "Tauskoop���"Bridget, what do  you mean by nil that disturbance*  down iii the kitchen 1"  Bridget��� "Shure, it ain't nie,  ma'nm.   It's Bliss Ethel."  "Oh I Has she got back from the  cookery school '?"  "Yis, ma'am; an' she's gottin'  ready to thry nn' bile on egg,  ma'am."  OF   MISS.    Wil.  SEAFOltTII.  Suflorcd, From Headaches und Dizziness���Could Not Stand thc  Least Exertion.  (Iron before I could-get horo."  Yet ho thought there was a perceptible softening of  the' elder  child's  case for publication, merely in the  hope that her experience might bo of  some benellt to somo..other.'sufferer.  She said : "For some time past my  | health was in it bud state iny whole  Vorr many porsaus dlo annually fror  ind kindred biimmor complaints, vvho might  tava broa savod if proper romcdios had boon  ased. It attacVod, do uot delay ia gottinif a  bottle ot Dr. J. D. Kollogg's Dysentery Cordial,  tho medicino tbut novor fails to oifect a cure.  '1 hose who hnvo usod it say it acts promptly,  and thoroughly subduos tho pain and dlsoaso.  Tire Bf.st Pim.8��� Mr. Wm; Vnndqrvoort,  fw��� m. .i��.�� Sydney Crossing,Ont., writes: *Wo havo boon  fromcholom 1 usiug Parmoloe's Pills, and find thorn byfnrtlio  bont pills wo ever vised," For dollcato and, do-  bilttad constitutions thoso pill act liko a  charm. Taken In small doses tho effect Is both  u tonics nnd a stimulant,-- mildly...oxcitlng the  sccrotious of tne body, giving touo and;vigor.  The man who is always figuring  whore he will come 'in will find himself cast out at the end.  I    How many different  find among women!  I.    'figures:' you  HAVE WOMEN INTUITION?  One'  faco ns she mentioned this 'Othor [system being badly run down. 1 was  Lady;' evidently she wns quite a do-j troubled with headache, much dizzi-  mestic institution here. I "ess, niy  appetite was  poor and   I  "She sayed sho'd hurry to ,the  vil-   could not stand the least exertion. 1  lugo," said the littlo  girl, 'and senilj  somo brandy quick from a drug storo.  Sho   sayed  you'd  mako  mother  all  right, 'causs you was a good Boston  doctor  Even as she spoko, a boy appeared  at the opou'door bearing the promised  brandy. Ho vvas breathless and red  from his haste. ''She's a goin' to pay  mo half a dollar if I can bring it.back  in writin' from Dr. Forney that I got  hero at lo&s'n four thirty'���that's ten  minutes sinco I started.,''  Dr.   Forney   promptly   wrote    the  testimonial  nud   delivered it in exchange for   the .brandy  departed  ! consulted -'if. different, 'physicians,   biit  their treatment'.'did iiot 'seeiii .to bon-  ! clit .'ine,';-and I, gradually beciimo' so  I bad, thatiXy.wus unable to attend,to  my household' duties.    ;1.then: tried  several ,; advertised '..���medicines,.   but  without' aiiy beneficial results, and. I  bcgivii' tb despair'7' of getting:.botter/  One of liiy/neighbors   .strongly/ advised, ino to/try'.'Dr.-./Williams'   Pink-  Pills, and '7,sbihevvhtit/reluctantl'y,y  I  consent ed /1 o' do' so. / /A f ter.]. I:/ 7J hiid  taken the second box I began'.to note  a.great improvement'' /in: niy :condition, aiid,by.the timo��� I had used live,  boxes A. was fully.- restored /---to 1 my  'fonuer good health, much to'/tiio siir-  aud the.boy j prise, of..my. neighbors.;'arid:relations.:  y/'l'i 'do iiot suffer- the:least    now from  "Who is:the lady?" ho asked.  "The 0110 that sent this brandy? Or  do you mean the one mother was  washin' for,?'.'  "Tho ono that sout tho brandy."  "She's tho Othor Lady."  "But what is hor namo?"  The sick woman' shook: her head  feebly and rnii-ed her hand.  "She wants we sha'n't tell who she  is."  He startod slightly; then ho smiled  at his quick suspicion. "Sho.is a rich  lady?" ho asked.  The mother nodded. '' Rich here,  too," she added, laying her hand on  her-heart. "She is kind to us, ohl  that kind 1" and her eyes filled; sho  was very weak.  Ho mixed somo of tho brandy tin'a  cup of fresh water which Polly  brought to him, and made tho patient drink a little of. it. It' revived  her so much that ho was able to question hor freely. But he first sent the  children out to tho front of tho house.  Sbe was a widow, he learned, and  supported herself - and hor two children by washing/sewing, and a littlo  Is  aat^wwh-on~o=th-o-cottageTe^el��^^  there at the end of tliis path?" | We made her very weak and nervous,  "Yes sir " '- ^e thscovord to  be   of  an alarming  "I'll carry you, littlo one,   and we ' p���th\, W!>6? h�� hadt ^T110!"  shall get thero sooner." | ht> frankly' bllt *��*-* told hor that  He picked  hor  up  in  his strong , �� ��"�� ^ removed,  arms, aud  she   nestled  against him "   "Most   you   know,   my friend,"  with an innocent confidence that gave   sPnko ,����  klQdly  Wmpajhetw voice  him a sharp thrill of pleasure, for ho ! ** ^hioh he was famed among his  had afoudnoss for children.   His long ! patients, and which,   bocauso joined  strides covered tho distance to the  house in a few minutes.  It was a log cabin, very humble,  and completely isolated in this woods  by the sea. Bat as he put tho child  down at the door..' and followed her  within, he observed at a glauco that  tho place was quite as clean as it was  humble.  Ho found a woman lying ou an old  blanket in a oornor of the front room  ���there wero but two rooms in the  cabin., A girl about eight years old  was kneeling beside her, fanning .her  and holding a tin cup of water occasionally to hor lips. He saw that the  woman y had just como but of a faint.  She was a small, dolicato looking  creature, apparently not much over  thirty years of age. Her face bore .tho  marks/of cara and sufforing. She was  evidently the mother of tho two little  girls; the same look of frailty, the  same marks of care, ovorwork, and  insufficient nourishment, could be detected even on the young child whom  to a strong presonce that inevitably  inspirod confidence, greatly enhanced  his power as a physician.  She seeiriod quite unmovod by the  communication.  "I know it must bo cut out," she  quiotly said.  "There is no dootor in the village  who can do it, yon know," he told  her. "I will Rladly tako your case  in hand if yon will-lot mo."  She shook hor head. "I have no  money to pav you." sho said, in a  tone of indifference whioh soemod  strange to him.  ~~~**r'   lco*mirc*ED.J    'T5HT*  Italian   Dcei.  Italian bees arc generally admitted to  be far'superior to the black bees. They  are better workers and are more easily  controlled.  [those headaches and dizzy spells: my  I appetite is 'good and I-can attend to  I my household duties with thc grea.tr-  'est ease,   in fact, I feel like u different woman, and all this I can sny is  due to the use of Dr. Williams' Pink  Tills.      All   who  suffer from  a rundown constitution should give these  pills a trial."  "W'hen the vitality is low; when tho  blood needs to bo replenished, enriched and purified ; wlien the nerves  arc .weak_and require strengthening,  there is no other medicine can take  the place of Or. Williams' Pink Pilla.  It is because of their direct specific  iictioii on the blood and nerves that  these pills cure such troubles as  anaemia, nervous headache, ' dizziness, palpitation of tho heart, rheumatism, sciatica, partial paralysis,  St. Vitus' dunce, kidney and liver  ailments and the functional troubles  that make the lives of so many ���women 11 source of almost constant  misery. Do not take any but the  genuine, which have 'the full name  "Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale  People," on tho |wrapper around  every^.box. Sold by all dealers, or  sent post paid at 130 cents a' box or  six boxes for $2.50, by addressing  the Dr. Williams , Medicine Co.,  Brockville���Out���- ��� '=-*-- ���  . An Old EnsUik Custom.  At ,a beautiful Wensleydale Tillage  the old custom of the blowing of a horn  each night in winter Is still carried but  Its purpose was to guide belated:travelers in the forest, just as the foghorn  guides the mariner who is nearing the  coast  Writer SayH  Tliey  Have  Nuvcr  '. Shown' It Iu Lltornlurv.  Literature ls the final expression of  human thought. If women cany lay  claim to a special faculty of intuition,  why io tbey not manifest it ln their  writings?' Intuition. If It means anything, moans tlio faculty tbnt gets  down to the germ of actions and characteristics und; focuses external traits  Into a central, verity - 'recognizable to  the general public. Now. there are  more female writers than mule. No  Woman poet bus ever ���ritteu, ttn inevitable line, a line tlmt dashes spontaneously out of the unknown and easts  1111 illuminating light upon the abyss.  Woman has lidded practically nothing  to our stock of familiar quotations.  Take .down your Bartlett or your anthology, and you may bo surprised to  Iind that from Mrs. Browning to Mrs.  Meynell wouum lmve novcr coined a  ,:p!';rrijt> which bus passed into the common currency of speech. Mrs. Browning has iuileed written tine lines, but  nothing of hers can be suid to have.be-  conic a .'household word.  Nor has any woman novelist created  any character that Is generally recognized as typical. George Eliot bus  come, closest with, her: Tito Meletiiu  and Mrs. f'oyser. Vou would appeal  only to' the educated few if you described a person us n Tito or 11 1'oyser.  But call 11 111:111 ti Don Quixote, a  Micuwber. n Dogberry, a Fulhtnff, a  Colonel Newcouie. u Blltil. 11 Parson  Adams: or Bob. Acres, cnll a woman a  Mrs. Mnlaprop, a Becky Sharp, a Beatrice, u Diana Vernon, a Meg McrrlHes.  and even the Illiterate will mentally  classify the individual as you wish blm  or her to be clussllled. v .,  "Ah. but." you sny. "In real, life women are the true Intuitions. They size  up a man or 11 woman at a glance.  They ure never mistaken,.when:they  trust to their Instincts."  I can only testify to my own experience. I have not found that women's  snap Judgments of character are Imbued with uny special verity. They  form likes or dislikes quicker than a  man does because tbey are quicker on  tbe trigger of .conjecture. They, can  only be one of two things, right' or  wrong. If time proves that they are  right as tbey must be ln 50 per cent of  cases, the right guess Is remembered  und treu8urod up by the slower minded  mun as an extraordinary instance of  Intuition. Tbe wrong guess ls forgotten.���William S. Walsh in Era.  M for Miiil's ant tab no ota  i        ___________.  !   There is n preacher in South Carolina who preaches when.ho is asloop.  I There  are  somo others  who  preach'  while tho congregations sleep.  Hard and soft corns  cannot withstand  Holovviiy's Corn Curo; it ia effectual every -  timo.   Get 11 bottle ut once ond be huppy.  I ���  i    Tho only town in a civilized coun-  , try which is ruled and managed by  colored men, is Eatonville, inOrange  County, Florida.  London; Street Accidents,  The street accidents of London  nmount to about 3,500 a year���nearly  tea a day.  Travelers' Paradlie,  ' Nice and Its neighborhood hold the  record for holiday traffic. The- record is  2,800,000 arrivals ln the course of a  year. '  Chlnene Medicine*.  Some Chinese medicine consisting of  monkey a' toes boiled down and hardened by being,burled underground for a  number of years figured In a police  court case at Shanghai recently.  .  IilKhter Thnn Cork.   .  There is one wood much.lighter than  cork.' This Is tbe marsh ahoua, found  In Brazil.    ' '   Worth of Rubblah.  It is estimated tbat about $10,000  worth of-what: is considered .to be  "rubbish": is; thrown Into the streets by  the Parisians every' day. Thisttneans  nearly 53,750,000 per annum for the  chiffonnlers, and, counting their wives  nnd families, nearly 100,000 persons |  live very comfortably upon their share '  of It.  '-'/PitNBtnir.A Bargain.  ���'-Pcrliaps.you-ve.liadji.manj)JIer.j*ou.  a big bnrgnln  lu a diamond ring?"  queried ��� tbe  Boston  drummer ns  ho  heaved   a   sigh   and   his   face   '"vent  cloudy.  . ''Yes,   several  times,"  laughed  the  Pullman conductor.  ,.','I was In Pittsburg," continued the  drummer, "nnd while standing on a  .street corner a , chap ��� came along and  offered me a shiner as big as a bean  for $K0. , He was u stranger, hard up  and'all thnt It looked to be a ring  worth 5350."  "And you gave blm ?30?"  "No. He hung on for half an hour,  but I turned hliii down. I'm no mau to  be roped In thnt way." '  "Then whnt-vvhat"���  "Oh, another fellow bought the rlnjf."  "And he was out his fifty?"  "He wns In $300. That ring, sir, was  0. K. nnd nil (Serene, nnd a Jeweler  priced It tit the figure named. The man  was honest, nnd I .was a fool," and you  will plcn.-je excuse me while I reti'e  nnd kick myself for not knowing a  piece of glass from a pure water sparkler."       ; i  Rifle  Hn��Ie  Velocity.  It appears thnt the greatest velocity  of a rifle ball 'Is !not at the muzzle, but  some distance ln front. An average of  teu shots with tbe German Infantry rifle has shown a muzzle velocity of  2.008 feet per second, with amaxliuuui  velocity of 2,132 feet per secoud at teu  feet from the muzzle.  HANDS ACROSS THE SE\  .' Canndliin mwl '< Kn-.- Unit'-: 1'iipllrt ..OIvh! Kaoli  , . ,       utlier liifoi-muitmi. I  The second budget of English letters vvas received by the pupils of  Lanbdovvne School on Monday, April  21,  says The Toronto Globe.    This  ��� time there were twenty-live letters  tors, and the thirty letters sent to  Mr., J. L. Hughes was an outcomo  of     tho-views and letters sent      to  'Grimsby by the     Lansdowne pupils.  ��� The' Oriinsby' pupils made two large  pictures ono yard sqyarc and ' hung  them up in thc gymnasium of their  school, so. that, it will bo quito an  advertisement .for Toronto, and indeed all-Canada, as'tho-views sent1  woro not confined entirely to Toronto. Tho Grimsby pupils also sent an  assortment of views in book form  of Grimsby "olid surrounding places,'  nnd a magazine, in which two let-  tors, one written by Beatrico Ilcb-  dige and one by Edith Milne, wero  published, under the heading "Colonial Correspondence."     * '  The letters are written in ��� good  style for such young children, and  lt is to bo hoped the correspondence  may bo long continued and that tho  children may not weary in their good  _work,_for_certninly_no._be_Uei/schenio^J  could be devised than to let      "tho  .English peoplo know what our Can- -  adinn children aro like,    and     how  much thoy think of their own coun-  *������"������ (|  Ono girl, in answering tho     Question as to whether we had' bicycles  in Toronto, said,  "I think wo must!  havo millions of them, as you    can  hardly cross thc street at noon    or (  at six o'clock with the bicycles.   We  have had bicycles and-electric    carsi  for about ten.years."   Another   girl"  said, "We think it very funny     the |  Engliih idea, that wo go-about     on��  snovvshoes .in tho winter, and   wean  jfurs a great part of the timo. I havo ]  never seen snowshocs except     small  ones got up as souvenirs of Canada,  and vory many people nover' woar a  fur: at any time- during tho winter."  _ A boy, wrote, "Wo have sent forty  teachers. out    to South Africa      to  te.ich English to the Boer children,  nnd wo hopo the English think   the  Canadians are  all  right now,   since  ,they have' done such good   fighting  for tKom.in; South Africa."  Altogether much good must be thai  result of this interchange of letters,  now amounting to about sixty,,  counting thoso received , by Mr.I  Hughes at tho office, which werq  written by the boys from the boysi  school in Great Grimsby, England'!  The Lansdowno pupils answered thoii[  English correspondents'almost immc  diately, and posted their letters on  Friday, '��� the 25th instant, wishing  them "hon voyage." SPRAYING FRUIT.  A Fine Mlat of Ltqnld���Apple* Sprayed to the Proper 3*olnt.  Much of the success In spraying  trees depends upon the proper application of tho liquid. Some persons start  in with a determination "to do n thorough job and glvo them nn everlasting  soaking" until everything Is dripping.  If this is done, tliere will be less material on thc trees iu tbe end tlmn If less  were applied ln n proper manner. Thla  ao some mny seem paradoxical. Nevertheless It is a fnct. nnd the Illinois stn.'  tion in a recent bulletin lias presented  on explanation of just bow this takes  plnce:  It will be necessary to consider the  globules of water ns they come from  SrilAYED TO THE FIlOI'BIt I'OIST.  tbo nozzle, carrying with them suspended particles of pnris green or bordeaux mixture," or both, ns the case  mny be. Tbe settling whlcli takes place  in tho spray tunk goes on within the  globules of water nfter they become  fixed to the fruit nnd leaves. Hence  the larger tho globule the more bottling  will tnke place, and consequently the  moro mnterinl will be deposited nt one  place. The only way this can be avoid-'  ed is to hnve the globules very small  and fine ns they lenve the nozzle nnd  to keep them intact ns separate, fine  globules after they become attached  to the frult'or leaf., Hence tho impor-  tnnce of the Injunction, "Use only a  fine nozzle, use force enough to keep"  the liquid issuing as n line mist and  spray only until the follngo and fruit  are 'completely bedewed." It rcquiios  considerable skill to do this properly  nnd cover the surfnee fully. If'It can  not be done with one spraying it would  pny better to go over the trees twice,  allowing the first application to dry  before giving the second, than to try  to accomplish if nil at one time nnd  thus ruu the risk of going further thnn  the simple bedevylng of the fiuit or  leaves. If the spray is continued too  long the fine globules will "run together" .to form one or several .lnrge ones,  which. Instead of remaining fixed nnd  drying Just where they strike, will run  down to tbe lowest place nnd drip. Of  course tbe suspended material.settles  to tbe lowest, point of the globule,  which Is ln thnt ense sprend over n considerable surface of tbe fruity Some of  the upper portions nre thus left com  pletely bnre. At tbo lower edge the material will drip off with tbe wnter or  often accumulate in sufficient quantity  to cause Injury.  Tlie cuts show thc imprints of the  fine, separate globules, leaving the surfaces quite uniformly covered on tlie  properly sprayed specimen, whllg the  oversprayed shows bow the running  together hns left a lnrge portion exposed to attack.  Where the bitter rot  OVEUSl'IlAYED.  l Ait Vor^tbe scab ls very abundant an apple  f.L^'v'i-.S.'ior.ii leaf In the oversprayed condition  mV.-^-W'little better off thnn If it hnd not  ,B;jijs;i/oen(.touched at nil.   Injury to leaves  >    $'��� !js,done by the running dowu and evap-  ':'   orntlng of tbo liquid, causing an uccu-  "'      mutation of bordeaux or pnris green nt  ( '   'the edges, which results iu dend pntcb-  ''        cs on" the leaves.  Tho Emernlil Green Lawn.  A deep rich emerald green Is tbe  shade most desired In a lavvu grass, ns  It Is generally pleasing nnd ccrtnlnly  tbe most beautiful of nil tints. No  grass in the northern and middle states  fills this requirement so well ns Kentucky blue grass. Thc color of this  grnss when grown under favorable  clrcnmBtanccs may be regarded ns tho  'standard upon which to base compnrl-  , sons. Different varieties of Kentucky  blue grnss show slight variations In  color, some being lighter than others,  but upon the whole the deep rich shade  of green mny be relied upon.  - The Kanrqaat,  Visitors to Florida or similar far  oouthern points should secure a plant  or two of the Japanese kumqunt for  their conservatories. This plant ls a  dwarf member of the citrus family nnd  nbundnntly produces small "oranges"  ln shape nnd size much resembling  silkworm cocoons, but a trifle lnrger  - and more nenrly round. The 'fruit,  though Bllghtly acid when first bit  Into, has a rather pleasant taste. It ls  excellent for preserving.���Meeban's.  OF INTEREST TO DAIRYMEN  A   Plnn   For  the   Propoied   Teat   of  Dnlrj- flrecda nt St. Louis.  Every owner of pure bred dairy cows  should wnke up to tbls subject, especially If he owns n valuable cow thnt  may be sought nfter for this test. He  should endeavor to hnve tho plnn such  ns be Is willing to submit bis cow to.  if be falls to do oo, he should not withhold his cow, however objectionable to  blm tbe pliin mny be.  To this end there should 'be free discussion of the subject. I know of uo  better plnce for It tliun In the columns  of the agricultural press. Tlio breeder  who Is not free to use bis infiuence  for the best "possible pltin sliould not  be excused for tbnt reason In withholding his cows from the test. "Silence gives consent" Is fin ndiige In  common use. I venture to'open such  n discussion and hope thnt others will  follow,    o  The best plnn for tbo test, In my  opiniou, would be one modeled nfter  the form of the Ohio stnte plnn. This  plnn hns been successfully used for  several years under tbe nuspices of  the Ohio stnte bonrd of agriculture.  Its lending features nre testing of each  Individual cow at the. home of ber  owner by representatives of the state  experiment btntlon nnd finally the ex  bibltloD of all the cows together for n  fixed period at the state fnlr.  There would hnve to be widely differ-  i<nt details at the St. Louis exposition.  1 will suggest a few details tentatively:  First���Tbe period over which the test  should be extended ought to be a long  ine, probably ten months.  Second.���Tbnt nt least three tests of  two weeks ench should be mnde at intervals during such a period. I will  suggest that the liist should be commenced some time between 14 nnd.28  days nfter freshening, the second between 114 nnd 128 days after nnd the  third between 214 nnd 22S days nfter.  Third.���All the tests be made under  the supervision of two reprcsentntlvcs  of nn experiment station,- who should  wntch the cows dny and night, note the  care, weigh the food. etc.". thnt the results should be subject to coniirmntion  by retcstfng in every ense thnt the authorities of the exposition requested.  Fourth.���That prizes be offered for  net proflt.'for value of total solids, for  value of butter fnt. etc.  Fifth.���Thnt tbe number of prizes be  at lenst 100. but'that no one breed be  nwurdod more thnn twenty-five.  Sixth.���Tbut after the completion of  the period allotted for testing nil the  winning cows be exhibited on the  grounds of the exposition perhaps two  weeks,.to be seen by all nnd critically  examined by those wbo desire to study  tbeir conformation.   . i  The average cost of testing a cow  thus would not evceed $100. At this  rate twenty-five would cost $3,750. An  npproprlatiou of S.'i.OOO' would cover  this and leave a balance of SI.250 for  duplicating the prizes of tbe exposition.  S. HOXIE.  Yorkvllle, N. X.     ,    -  ,   ��� '  '   -\  Tcmpcrntnre   For   Cream.  , The temperature'' at^wbicb cream  should be churned cannot be "stated  with nccurncy because much depends,  upon the croniii itself. Cream from the  milk of different cows ennnot nlvvays  be churned nt 'the same temperature.  Different feeds buve something to do  with It Tbe period of location must  be considered. - Tbe proper temperature will be all the wny from 50 to C5  or CO degrees. ,But the lowest temperature nt wblcb the cream will churn  Is best for it will make better butter  thnn n higher temperature. ��� Texas  Stockman.  While the utility of shredded corn  fodder scarcely ndmlts of a doubt, yet  tlicre nre mnny who are slow In being  convinced tbat it Is a means of saving  of valuable feed, snys Morgan Keane  In Trnlrle Fnrmer. If shelter ennnot  be had. the next best thing ls to rick  the fodder ns fast as it ls shredded.  Let tbo rick be eight feet high, with n  slight flare from the ground, say seven  or eight feet high, and tup off at an  angle of 45 degiees, carrying thla top  _up_aJlttle_fl!iring_on_the_eiids, When  the top or cover is on, wire fence mils  together so tbnt the cone may be held  securely, und'on ouch side of the rick  put a rail tbe full length, then wire  another rail on ench side to the upper  rail so as to secure the lower eud from  the wind. Tbe rick should be of sucb  wldtb as to lnsuro a good projection  with one-length of fodder on one side.  One can stnnd fodder around for fuis  ther protection, but If the top Is all  right this will not be necessary, lt ls  always best to place the rick endwise  to prevailing wind.  Alfnlrn Sllnice.  A California Inquirer asks Hoard's  Duirytnnn whether It would he profitable to build. All and maintain silos  for corn or alfalfa where alfalfa ls  plentiful and cheap.  Perhaps tbe best answer to this In  qulry ls to repeat what we bnve men  tioned more tbnu once^-thnt the most  profitable and best managed dairy  farm In California finds it expedient  to-"bu!ld. All and maintain silos" for  alfalfa and corn, und It Is experience  everywhere tbat there ls no method  involving bo little labor witb such certainty of good results ln harvesting j  corn or alfalfa as to provide silos for  at least a portion of thc crop and use  tbem. Corn chop and bran In equal  pnrts by weight make tbe best complement to alfiilfn bny for a ration. Of  course tbe addition of some succulent  rood, us beets or fresh soiling crops, is  i.-rv desirable and always In order,  i^pi-cmily where sllnge Is not alalia  . oie.   ,  I will give you my experience on ven  illation of stables, writes Mr. D. K.  Ross of Simcoe to The Farmers* Advocate. My burn is 52 by 02 feet; height  of basement, nlue feet My cnttle stalls  are placed across the short way, or the  fifty-two feet, and unde'r the feed alleys I bave eight Inch tlle running the  entire length nnd through tbe south  walls. About a foot from surface, one  side only, I bave gns pipe Inserted in  the tlle opposite every stall (double),  which projects over the parting block  in the feed manger. There is concrete  floor laid over tile nnd pipe iu alleys.  For ventilating shafts I find thnt the  small shaft, say 4 by 8 inches, running  up posts of barn, nre much better than  lnrger ones, as there nre no dowu  drafts nnd no dampness or frost attaching to tbem to fall down in mild  weather, nnd tbey draw better. 1 find  this system tbe most perfect. There is  always n small current of fiesh air  tempered coming through the tile and  coming out of small pipe Just where It  is wanted���at the animals' noses���  which current of air is sufficient to  lift the foul breatb of cnttle aad send  it up ventilating shuft, yet without any  cold nlr on the cattle. You nre^unuble  to smell the odor from feeding turnips  in my stnbles nt any time. I stnble  from forty to fifty bend of cattle, besides other stock. I have about twelve  shafts with covers on top, so I .can  close any or nil of tbem if necessary.  The sbnfts nro about sixteen feet long  fiom thc ceiling of stnble. I would ud  vise two thiough roof. I hnve tlle in  my stnbles which continues through  under my toot bins, with ventilation,  which works very successfully. One  can bore bole In tile for gas pipe with  an ordinary bit. Tomperatuie never varies 5 degrees with this system.  Improie Your Herd.  . Many dairymen possessing common  cows got discouraged because they say  they ennnot compete successfully with  more fortunate farmers owning blooded herds. To such let me say the remedy for Improvement lies in your own  hands, if you think you ennnot spare  the money to purchase a blooded bull,  attempt to secure tho services of one  this season for at lenst n portion 'of  your herd. Select only your best' milk  anlmnls to be the mothers of your future grades, nud you will soon bnve n  herd of thc latter of which no dairyman need be ashamed.���Dairy aud  Creamery.  Clcnnllncus the Watchword.  Every mnn, womnn nnd child who  hns anything to iio with the work of  butter making, from cow to pneknge,  .should be cleanly and neat. Unclenull-  .ncss Is thc rock upon which thousands  go down. It Is possible to do some  things In a slovenly manner and yet  succeed fnlrly well. This Is not ti ue In  butter mnking. Every pull, can. churn,  ladle, pneknge, cloth nnd worker must  be scrupulously free from 'anything  which will imparl a taint to tbe finished product. The hands specially must  be clean.  Poodo Thnt .Taint Milk.  The presence of wild garlic or wild  onions in pastures, tbe use of turnips  and other feeds containing oil must bo  avoided wliere cows aro giving n large  amount of milk. Feeds which havo a  bad odor, sucb as sllnge, must be fed  rlgbt after milking nnd nt no other  time; otherwise the milk nnd resulting  butter is apt to show the effects. In  all cases keep theso feeds away from  the cow during milking time. Taints  from sllnge or other foul feeds nre  transmitted through the air; consequently If the nlr Is full of silage odor  the milk Is apt to show It If, however,  feeds of this kind are given directly  nfter milking the product from thc cow  cannot be distinguished from tlint produced from other feeds, although condensing factories nnd some creameries  prohibit Its use.���New Englnnd Home-  stend.  VALUABLE DEVICES.  Durable I.ind Holler nnd Convenient  Truck  or  VTbeelhnrrow.  There is no tool thnt Is so indlspensn-  ble ln preparing n field for a crop as a  wod land roller, nnd such n oue. together with a convenient truck. Is described, union,; other useful devices, in  the Ohio Tanner:  Lund rollers are especially vnlunble  In the preparation of soil for wheat to  conserve tuolstnie and equally viilunl'ilc  In spring woik. roillrg whent uud corn  stubble, ou meadows thnt nre beared  DL'HADLl: LAND llOLLElt.  by frost ni'il I i the pi.'p'M ition of oats  ifd con i'iiu.1,11 A t.i'i'd ioll"i" will  I'-.u'v n : u! .I'rogi ���hei pay fur itself  .'i one .veal's work.  ���  The one shown In the Illustration Is  very cheaply nnd ivsily constructed  nnd dm able because of the plan of  building. A good sound h.g seven feet  long and about two feet In diameter Is  drawn to the sawmill, and after being  squared tbe -miller im tinges it on  the eatriiii.'c In stich.n manner us.to  shape it Into tin octagonal* form By  the use of an nil:', it is then very easily  "turned" Into n coi.'plcte cylinder This  method soeuus ioilers that run veiy  true und evenly and do much better  work than n log limn nn tine's ovyu  working, nnd it will nut dn'ck and  irack to pieces, but last dotil.ly ns long  as one ui.i.le fiom a log A two foot  log will make n roller sixteen to eighteen inches in dmiiiivter. vv hich Is pb-nty  lnrge enough, ns our experience teaches  us tbnt one of this sii.e will do better  work, crushing clods into the'mound  instend ,of bouncing ovtr the tups nnd  leaving tlieni unciiislied. as llie large  rollers ure wont to do  This log Is then sawed Into two equal  parts'wli'ch when hiiift will nistke un  eight foot roller. 'Ihe ion-.!ruction ls  shown in the illustiatlon plainly, 3 by  I stuff being used loi the frame.. The  iron braces shown on loin of tongue  nre quite practical. They uiii.v nlso be  made of wood with good results. The  boxing shown'nt A Is very durable  nnd Is bolted to undeislde of frame.  The Iron nxles nre made of one nnd a  quarter inch gns pipe, -nnd ends of  roller nre painted well to avoid checking. An old mower seat mny be attached to tongue in center or roller.  The accompanying cut shows n sort  of n cioss���a hnlf breed, ns it were���between   n   wheelbarrow   and   n   four  Husbandry  A nevv business for the formers of  the eastern end of Long Island Is what  ls known ns tbe raising of "hothouse"  lambs for tbe early market, snys tbo  Philadelphia Ledger. At least three  farmers ure at present Interested in  this business, and they arc mnking  money on the venture.  Hothouse lambs arc a luxury that  but few enn obtain. The demand began a few years ngo for Inmba out of  senson, ond those with pockctbooks  long enough were willing to pny any  price to get them. -Two yenrs ago a  Sayville farmer shipped nbout twenty  to market and the returns were so  satisfactory tbat he made arrangements to go into the business more  extensively, Last year he shipped fifty-seven. The shipments nre made in  the latter part of February nnd the  first of Mnrch, nnd tho fancy prices of  $S, $10 nnd $12 each nre received for a  very small lnmb. The enrensses are  never cut up. They are sold by the  wholesaler direct to customers, who  use them iu big dinners.  He hns the upper portion of his big  barn fitted with ginss. and in this bis  breeding ewes, thirty-five in number  now, nre kept. On bright days the  solar bent makes a summer's day in  tho place, nnd there the young lnmbs,  twenty in number, frisk nnd gambol  ns merrily as on the hillside in July.  He raises Dorsets and Southdowns.  A Wclah  Ram. ,  BENEFITS OF HORSE SHOWS  A Good Record.  The Illustration shows the fine Jersey  cow Shnrnb, owned by Dr. Herbert  Watney, Berks, England. Sbe wns live  years old-Dec. 10.-1901.-ghe yielded In  CONVENIENT TRUCK.  wheeled enrt Similar trucks nre often  employed In storehouses and about depots for moving heavy articles of bulk.  It Is useful on the fm ni, and if tbe rims  of the wheels nre_,wlde. as they ought  to be, so that they will not cut Into  the ground, lt is a great labor saving  device lu gnrden work. Loads of cornstalks, branches from ��� pruning and  such like may be conveyed on lt with  dlspntch, the rods at tbe front keeping  the lond off the wheels,,but permitting  boxes and bnskets of fruit to be set In  between them. Side boards as well as  the front one can be easily provided if  needed.  Ther   Stimulate   the   Production   of  Better Animals und Rntae Vrlces.  Within recent years the development  of horse shows, east, west, north, and  south, has become remarkable. Having thcir greatest encouragement in  the cast, they gradually spicad to the  lnrger western cities, 'and they have  now become so prcvulent as to be an-  nunl events in the cities of nil sections.  It is generally thought that these nre  merely fushiouiible events Intended for  the display and recreation of those  having little to do with the active business of life, but, suys tbe Now Hug-  lnnd Houiestend. a deeper stijdy of the  subject will show tbut these exhibitions hnve a mnrked Influence on tho  development of our horse breeding Interests.  When the racing calendar was established some hundreds of years ago,  running horses were given an impetus  which in turn reacted on the thoroughbred horse to such a degree ns to make  it, 'without exception, the lending breed  of horses, nnd thus untold goud was  accomplished for the thoroughbred Interests. Later, witb tbe establishment  of trotting races earlier in the century  arid the publication of the yeur book  giving the records made, tbo trotting  horse was brought to tbe front and as  a result it occupies at this' time a more  prominent place amongithe breeds of  our light horses.  The horse shows seem to offer tbe  same stimulus to the harness race tbat'  hns been given to tbe others. Tho horse  show ns It ls conducted becomes nn object lesson to the people of cities who  use horses ns to the proper appoint- -  ments and the right type of horse that  sbould go with them.  Two or three successful horse shows  ;ln a city nre usually sufficient to start  the improvement It leads some one  wbo has a preference for horses of this  kind to invest in nn unusually attractive pair, which In turn stimulates the  emulation of other lovers of horses, and  in the course of a year or so tbe char- ���  acter of the equipages of tbe city' becomes markedly changed for the better.  Tliis hns been noticed in a grent niany  enses nnd Invariable follows properly  conducted shows.  While these results at first consideration do not seem to have direct application to the horse industry of our  farmers,'yet they mnterinlly stimulate  the production of n high class bnrncss  horso In every section of tho country. These horses which bnve como  to the city ns n result of the horso  This ram, winner of the first prize nt  Cnrdiff show, 1001, isjtho property of  Mr. Owen Price, Nautyrharn. Cray,  Brecon.  Lambs Did Not Balance Ration.  A't the Michigan station a test was  made during the winter of JS04 and  1S93 which showed thnt ten lambs, being left to choose for themselves corn,  wheat, oats or brnn, consumed in thirteen weeks 550'pounds of corn, 189  pounds of wheat, 247 pounds of oats,  407 pounds of bran nnd during tbe ', show have been secured by the dealers,  time nte  924 pounds of clover hay. j who have spent some time In training  This Indicates, snys Professor H. W.   and mannering them for city use.  The  Mumford, that when fattening lambs   dealers,  in   turn,  hnve  bought them  are left to choose for themselves be-' from the farmers, and it seems reason-  tween corn and the other grains men-   able to suppose that, with the increas-  tioned tbey will Invariably consume a   jng demand for this type of horse, ther*.  much lnrger amount^ of corn than of   must follow, a better price,  any other grain.   By figuring out the'  nutritive ratio of the different feeds  consumed in the experiment leferrcd  to above we find thnt tho nutritive ra  tion wns 1:0.0, which Is not very dif-���  ferent from tho stnndard nutritive ratio  for fattening lnmbs, wbich varies all  the way from 1:4.5'to 1:5.4.   We arej  not warranted in drawing the conclu-1    Crude Beaumont oil applied externnl-  sion from this that domestic animals   & win Positively remove ticks from  when left to choose for themselves will   cat0e- according to Farm and Ranch,  necessarily consume feeds which would ' Published at Dallas, Tex.  This remedy  make up an ideal balanced ration, even | "T'11 Ilot on'y km the ticks- but'will,  were we quite certain tbat the palata- i kceP tlicm ��ff the catlle for 60me t,me*  bllity of the different feeds furnislied   IonS e">uSh -to enable the owner to  move them to poiuls above the quuran-  JER8EY COW SUAItAB  21 months and 18 days In ber third and  fourth yenrs 048 pounds of butter.  Sbnrab baa won oue gold nnd two  bronze medals. Her dam, Shcibcit II.,  won a certlflcnte of merit her grand-  dam, Sberbert hns won one gold nnd  one-silver inodnl. and her grcnt-dnm,  Sherry, won one gold mednl.  Feed For Dairy Anlmnla,  Never feed.fattening foods to dnlry  animals. The tendency to Iny on flesh  should be discouraged. Feed peas,  oats," clover bny, pea hay, bran and the  like nnd avoid bo fnr as possible corn,  barley and other highly carbonaceous  foods.  Oat*   and   Peai.  Onts and Canada field pens make the  best green crop to follow clover. Generally It is advisable to mnke three  sowings, tbo first ns early as possible  In the spring, April 20 to 25, and the  second and third fifteen to thirty days  later. One nnd one-hnlf bushels each  of the onts nnd pens is the usual quantity to the ncre. They mny both be  sown brondc.'ist at the snine time nfter  the land Is plowed and thoroughly burrowed in with ii wheel hariow. Some  sow the pens first, covering with a  wheel hmrow. .then sow tbe oats uud  cover with nn Acme or sini[Inr_bnrrow.  This method, however, is hardly neces  sary. The flist sowing will be ready  nliout .lime 23, it ml cutiliis should be  g'n ns soon ns the onts show the brad  The average yield from the hist sowing  is ten tons to thc ncie. The jlrld fiom  the second nnd third sowings Is not  likely to be ns heavy, ns the crop nm  tinps mote quickly during the vvmiu  weather. Onts nnd pens will remain  In condition lo be cut for ten to twelve  dnys. The average cow will consume  sixty to eighty pounds daily until tbe  food becomes tough One-third to one  half ucie will fuuilsh stilllelent fodder  fur tun cows for twelve days.���Ilutcli  Station. Muss.  HIrIi   Qunlllr   of   rnrHs;n   Potnloei.  Aiiii-i'li-.in prodmeis should not flutter themselves with the Idea thnt lm-  ported potatoes nn- sold In our uutr  fci'iBitt conipaintlji'ly low pi Ices on account of Infuiiui qiiiilltv. On the contrary, the bulk of the Importations nre  of decidedly supeiior quality to the nn.  tive article. Havers in Inrge markets  nre fust coming to give them preference ovcr domestic potatoes at anywhere near equal pi Ices Not only so.  but the jobbers find a decided ndviin-  tnge In handling tbem by renson of tbe  wny-they nre put up. every sack being  uniform full weight They also save  the expense nnd labor of shoveling the  potntoes out of a bull: car. Ailing sacks  of unequal size and weight ench one  of which has to be weighed when sold  nnd similar annoyances. Bays a Philadelphia commission merchant in American ojericulturiBt  the 6heep is equal,  Wimhlnfir Sheep.  A correspondent of National Stock-  man desires to know whether it pays' . , ���  to wash sheep before shearing. That' necessary to tope and throw the art-  depends entirely on'the way sheep are, mal' ���s cr��u,e ���� ��ffo^s *,s,|re' ��*���  kept, the locality nnd, above all, the ������X 'or ��**-1 " sh��uld "�� used  established method of handling wool in on a" "ft Clltt'<; two ��r threo times a  that locality. Washing sheep does not fe��r' ���* c��t,tle "^"^to f,atten-  pay where they are boused and fed. �� fact' cnnnot bf m��(?�� J?* as 'jf-* "  having a large quantity of oil ln the they nre covered with ticks. It will  fleece, and where buyers will pny for' %** tiummana stockmen to keep the  wool  according to its  condition and - Ucks off tbeir cattle oven tll0UKb Ul��y  tine. It requires nbout three quarts of  oil to each animal. It can be success-,  fully applied witb mops. It first being  sbriukngc. But where sheep run outdoors most or all of the winter aud  where buyers insist on a discount of  one-third on unwashed fleeces lt is necessary to wash before shearing because  as usually washed there will not be a  shrinkage of over 10 per cent-In the  fict-ce. Washing is Injurious to the  sheep, especially to the ewe suckling  and to ber lnmb. nnd it should no longer be necessary anywhere.  Not JSnoiagli Sheep.  It is said thnt there are 42,000,000  ~sheep"ln~~tli~ru~rit~rd Stntes, or one to  each forty-five acres, not including  Alnskn. In Grent Britain tbey bnve  one to ench tbree ncrcs, in France one  for each nine acres and In Germany  one'to each eleven ncrcs. If we hnd  sheep ln proportion to Grent Brltnln,  or fifteen times ns ninny ns we now  hnve, there would be no necessity of  importing wool, nnd we Bbould have  mutton to export as well as beef. And  yet we think there'are but few farms  tbnt could not enslly carry from four  to six sheep for every head of cows  they hnve nnd tlmt would largely increase the nunitar. and not only that,  but the sheep would so much Improve  the productiveness of the Innd ns to  soon double the amount of animals It  would support now���Amerlcnn Cultivator.  niu Deal In Sheep,  J. II. Hamilton, the world fnmouB  mutton buyer, recently closed n deal  with Wllllnm Childress for 5,000 mut  tons. 1,500 dry ewes, 2,000 bred ewes  and 1,500 yearlings nt 52.25 per beau.  These sheep belong to the Howard  Well ranch. T. T. Thomnsori bought a  flock of sheep from Mr. Thomas of  Bosque county for $2 per head. The  sheep are now ranging in Deer canyon  on the Pecos.���Ozoua Kicker.  "Betwixt and Between."  It is generally considered that a fnt  flock of ewes meuns a poor crop of  lnmbs. This does not mean tbnt'wc  must^starve our ewes to get a good  crop of Iambs, but that we must keep  tbern^ in a "betwixt and between" cor  dltion for best result*.   ' > -      ,  do not care to cross them over the  quarantine line.  For Colt Cholera.  In referring to tbe subject of calf  cholera Professor XV. L. Carlisle, professor  of  animal   husbandry  of  tbe  Wisconsin   experiment   station,'  snys  .that one tcaspoouful of zenoleum In a  quart of milk given to the cnlf through  a long necked bottle is nn effective and  positive cure within thirty-six hours.  The dose sbould be repeated each four "  hours.   In some enscs the desired re-  sult-bns-been obtnined in_twenty-four_  hours, nnd in no ense bns it failed.  To Remove niood "Warts.  To remove a blood wart from a horse  tie, when possible, n small cord tightly  around bnsc of witrt. If this trentment  ls not possible, then touch tbe vvnrt  about once a week with nitric acid.  i Treatment For Worraa In Sheep.  Pour turpentino upon snlt In tho ���  proportion of one pint to n gallon.  Keep this before the sheep for a  week, 6nys Dr. II. P. Miller In Ohio  Farmer. The next week substitute  gcntlnn for the turpentine nnd the toi-  lowing week a pound of dried sulphnto  of Iron mixed with a gallon of bran-  and a quart of this mixture given  dally to n Iiundred bead for n week.  The turpentine sliould then be repeated. Tartar emetic nnd snntonlne nre  each effective vermifuges nnd sbould  be given ln dally doses of fifteen  grains for a week when one of them Is  employed. Remember tbat one treatment Is aot proof against nn after invasion. But If the flock Is once entirely freed from them nnd plnecd  upon a fresh pasture where no sheep -  have been thc present season thero  will be no further trouble.  Treatment For Cracked Rccln.  Do not wnsh the horse's "feet In wo-',  ter or let them get wet oftener tbsn  can be avoided while under treatment  and use the following: One ounce of,*  chloride of zinc and one ounce of tanO  nie  acid   and   oue ,quart   of   water.  Shake   well   and, moisten   the   patts   '  twice a dny nnd cover over will, soft (  woolen bandages apnlled loose'y.^ ,, -.'  ��>-.;  ��� -r i''ftvkJ^"i%U..v^a^iiti^JHp-k-i^V^jyw     ���  '"'":���  '��� -I*-*-..  'Ci,  1 .,��� . *-<��� ���."",<>. I M  THE INDEPENDENT.  jaAfrUIU>AY....................X0LY. 1*  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY   IN   THE  XtiJlESTS OF TUB MASSES  IN  THE lNDBPErtDBNT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEM ISN'T      OF     KLACK      BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET.  VANCOUVER, JJ. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; three  months, 35 cents; six niontlis, Co cents;  ono year, $l.'2o.  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LABOR' COUNCIL,, THEVVANCOU-  VEI't liABOR PARTY AND THB  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  The Independent can always be had  at Galloway's book store, arcade.  SATURDAY.  .JULY  M  ABOUT LABOR DAY.  At  this time in the'--year unions all  over the country beg  anitions  tor iheir  tions.     It ls.l':Uir.g  day  In  t'he   j';ar  Ior the  =rrep.t  u  those who have  the great  ot wealth  that or  on July  consldera-  ibout     six  to make prep-  LaTuor day eclebra-  :g -.'.nd proper that one  should ibe' set apart  my ot" producers, for  by their.'loll' built up  ustrtes and vast a-.nount  this land,, and it-is iHtln  that clay all labor should cease  and all should join in .its celebration  Vancouver this year will join Victoria  and,Nanaimo at the latter city where  a joint celebration vvill be pulled oft.  On account of other matters, the local  Trades and Labor Council has been a-  little'bickward In taking up this matter  this yor.r, but the president has called  a special meeting, 'to be held  31st to tu-ke Labor Day into c  tion. -Is there, is-"only  weeks in which to ina-ke the arrangements the council should act at onde,  have the proper committees' appointed,  and get up an excursion and take part  in the industrial procession.  Nor should the local unions le'aive  the burden of. the success of the -.celebration' '(.wholly on the councih^Ea'ch  local should have the proper committees appointed to make the ��� necessary  arrangements',in" order that their share  ot the responsibility" may' ibe fittingly  taken care-of,; ,Each..unlon should,:en-:  deavor to miuke as good' a!showing ias  possible. in the,, parade this 'year; at  Nanaimo,'.', many new., unions ishould  make their appearance. Lefeach union  -io its.'part-toward making the day one  ..f'pleasure; and profit to-the unions ,of  -his city; ��� ������'}. ;���:,.'������  I resume work.   They say, however, that  I the number of men applying for work  is growing larger each week.   Many of  them  are  given   employment   and   the  names of the others are placed  On the Waiting List.  The number of miners nmoiu? the applicants who are applying for work is  very small, and so long as the miners  themselves refrain from going to the  collieries no coal can be mined. Of the  HT.UOO men und hoys employed nbout  iho iiiincp, approximately SO,000 are  miners. Under Hie laws nf thc State  no oompany can employ a man to cut  coal unless ho bus a miner's certificate, showing tlint he has hail two  years' experience in the anthracite  mines. Theso ceiillkules arc avvaided  by examining boards composed of miners, appointed by the county courts.  Therefore, if 100,000 men and boys wero  willing to return to work they  Conk.  Not  Lawfully Operate  collieries 'unless the striking miners also wont to work"- The opinion of the  strikers' Ollk-iats has been sought as  lo how long they expected the strike  lo last, and those of mining superintendents as lo whether the price of  coal would go up or down during the  coming 'fall. The labor leaders were  unanimous in the belief that the strike  would not be settled till September.  Thc company olllcinls were of the  opinion that tlio price of coal during  the remainder ot this year would not  go below present figures and may go  higher.  CURRENi OPIMON---ALL SORTS.  Mr. XV. A. Gllmour, of the firm of  Tupper;. Peters & Gllmour, lawyers,  died suddenly on Monday. The funeral  took place on Tuesday. He was 31 years  of age, and had only been married  about a month. He vvas well and favorably known,, and his passing away  was a most regrettable event of. the  week-  Wonder what's in those "bunco"  stories of Woodward vs. Gothard? Aid.  Wylie should really look into this  Brodkton Point controversy if he can  spare a few minutes out of his present  strenuous life. The Vancouver pulblic  will tolerate no.trilles. Down with  "'buncoes."       /  NO  SETTLEMENT TILL SEPTEMBER.  A Wilkesbarre dispatch this week  says that President Mitchell, of the  Miners', union, left that' city on Saturday for New York for the purpose  of meeting the leaders of other organ-  iizations.^tjs^^unjexstood^tojiave^ji  direct bearing on the question of labor -organizations..affiliating with the  American Federation of Labor, and assisting the miners' union financially.  Tliere have been many rumors and  opinions published that certain coal  companies would within a few days attempt to Mart up one or more collieries. Olllelals ofthe big companies who  are willing to talk deny all knowledge  of  any   Iteinpl of   th'.lr companies-'tn  Will Need the Bonus.  Railroaders on the Canada Northern  are on strike, and "Bill" and "Don"  sny that tliey have a cold million to  break up the unions with. If this is  not enough they will probably, apply  to the British Columbia government for  another bonus.���Paystreak.  Hustling for Bonuses.  Another railroad is to run from Port  Arthur on Lake Superior to Hamilton  Inlet on the Atlantic coast of Labrador is projected.,, Railroad promoters,  are getting a h'u'stleon to get their dig  before, Canada- abandons the bonus policy,���Paystreak.  Labor Its Own Enemy.  "Bill" Mackenzie, who runs the Canadian Northern, is pronounced by the  Winnipeg Voice to be the most dangerous enemy'.to-labor- in'Canada.- "Bill"  may be a strong man, but the Voice forgets that the greatest enemy to labor  is laboi'.���Lodge.  FROM ROSSLAND.  ; Business in Rossland is very quiet at  present, owing to the fact .that the  mines have. reduced. their output to, a  very great extent. Some of the' shipping  mines have been closed entirely, and if  the strike at the coal mines at Fernle  continues, it is quite probable that the  camp will be affected greatly, as the  smelters.in this vicinity depend largely on getting their supply of coke from  Fenile.  The Miners' union is in a very healthy condition, and celebrated its seventh'anniversary on Wednesday, the 16th  inst., with a rousing ball.  The people here were somewhat disappointed on account of Bro. E. V.  Debs not being able to lecture in this  city while on his tour through the  Kootenays.  Smith Curtis, M. L. A., returned  from Victoria a few days ago, and is  receiving congratulations on every hand  for the able manner in which he looked after the interests of his constituency during the late session of the  legislature.  Trncy, the' escaped convict of Seat-  tIe,_is_expected_to_arrive_in_Rossland,  and, us lie Is reported to be a "Native Son of Missouri," he willprobably  find friends here, as tliere still remains  a few'of last year's Importation from  Joplln in our city.  Harry Sibble has returned from the  Yukon, where he hns valuable cla"ms  located In Sibble Gulch. He is thinking of going to Australia. He" also  strongly advises workiiiginen to stay  away from Ihe North Where Idle men  nre roaming in thousands.  9  .*  /.  V  �����  <*.  v>  >  9  Sfeei 'Chatelaine Bags*-  We have rare beauties ut $1.50 and $1.75, that arc really worth  much more. i  Before we bought direct from thc makers wo couldn't have sold  the same (iiiality'of goods for loss than double the above prices.  .Wo guarantee; them absolutely as being specially excellent  val lies.  Of course vve have very much higher priced CHATELAINE  BAGS than tho above���more expensively gotten up,' but scarcely  more practical; ' ���  *  9  9  9  The;'-'Jeweler. and   Blam&nd: rVSerchant  y.   CO!". GRANVILLE AND. T5AST SNG5 STSSEETS.'  -4>~��"0~��><S>.0.3>~0-ti><>.��<^ <��>>��> <��4><<S>-8> <fOO-<"<tK�� <8-i><X��-fl)M><'.-flp.O<0'  LETTERS TO TIIE EDITOR.  DEBS AND THE PROGRESSIVES.  To ihe Kiiiior of 'I'iik Indki-knuknt:  Sir.���Mr. Debs, according'to the Canadian Socialist of this- city, has started  to abuse the efforts of trade unionists  in this province���if what the said paper  publishes over'his name be true.   These  course remarks attributed to Mr. Debs  do not come from him with very good  grace. .He  says  "the only  thing  important enough to mention ls the Provincial   Progressive    party,    a  middle  class movement.   In this party are to  be found anarchists, single tnxcrs and  others."   He forgot to sny that, among  the  "others"   were   to  be found   men  every bit as good socialists as he" was  himself, or ever would be.   Were it not  for tho  fact  that  Mr.  Debs is a national  character and   that  1 iknow  of  what I am wilting about,     I     would  not notice such a scurrilous statement  as he makes against a most desemin  body of men.   Mr. Defls would not dare  to get up before a Vancouver or Itoss  land audience or any other In any place  in British Columbia   and    deliver tihe  same statement as is attributed to him  by the .paper referred to.   It is a 'base  calumny on a large .-body of working  men throughout this province who are  aiming to get a better state of things  than has hitherto been by legal means,  not  unlawful means.   The only    place  for anarchists to thrive iind get succo  is in the so-called socialist ranks, which  are the breeders of anarchists. The rea  son these socialists stand at the 'corner  of   the   streets   -and   denounce   trade  unions is simply 'because  they see in  the trade union movement an organized  compact body of men, prepared to accept socialism   only 'when   the   time  conies for it and not Ibefore.   That is  why trade unionists as well as socialists started the Provincial Progressive  party as one of the means .whereby to  get our own class elected to press for  those reforms wihich should lead up to  the socialist Ideal. And why Mr. Dobs  and the socialists should scoff at the  little things of life and refuse 'to accept  them is a mystery .to any thinking person.   They certainly should not expect  to*''wa!ke up -some morning and find a  state of real socialism.   If they do they  vvill have slept a couple    of thousani  years���all the same Belamy's ihero. The  trouble, with the socialists is that thev  talk too much���for if   talking would  bring socialism on earth It should have  been here long ago���and do no tangible  work���work that would help, to bring It  about.   The trade -unionists themselves  vvill haive accomplished socialism white  these ��� blowers-off of gas are  thinking  and talking about it. /Mr. Debs is himself the product of the'' trade ' union  movement���a forerunner   as it   were.  What Mr. 'Debs' is to-day advocating,  -thousands nof. having   deserted    the  ranks of ; the. trade union will (be accomplishing in a few, more years.   Two  years ago when IMr. Dobs lectured in  this city in the Labor liul], under the  auspices of the trades council, he was  called a "hubor fakir" iby the socialists  of Vancouver, because he presumed to  ask $150 for his expenses and his lecture.  IMr. Debs received that,   money  then from.tbe trade unionists,, who do  not look upon ihim as a. "fakir" like the  socialists.   The socialists now are employing the same man, who,gaive part  of the same lecture as he gave at Labor Jiall in this city, and giving him  $100 or over to lecture for ihim.   I would  like to ask how it was that when Debs  lectured for the trades council and received  the money for so doing made  him a "labor fakir," tout when he lectured for the, socialists    and  received  money for It tihat he is not considered  by them a "f-alklr."   Is it'not an unfair  and unreasonable stand   the socialists  taike?   Everything that eftianates from  tho-trnde-ur.ion_movement-they-loo.c  upon as bad and not to.be relied upon  to be viewed with suspicion.   The ablest  talkers of the unloins ure dubbed  us  "ln.bor   fakirs"   and   "gratters."      Yet  were the same men working to advance  socialism they would be considered    ns  men ot honor,  - to   be -looked   'up  to,  to  quote   from,    to    tnike  pattern   by.  President   Itsilph   Smith,   of   the   Canadian   ln<bor congress,  because  he   Is  a  trade unionist Is u'"fnlklr."   IMr.  I-Iaw-  thoriitlivvalte, ibecnuse .he  Is  not,  Is n  gentleman.   These are   .the    sickening  viiprirliigH"emanating from  the socialists.   These  people should    know  that  men can't abuse men Into .socialism.   H  Is   to   men's -reason   wc-'must'-appeal.  Hiilph iSniith may not be'nn advocate  of .socialism new, .but he may be In a  few years���the snme ns Debs.   For Is  not .socialism a growth,'ibrought about  by reading and  thinking.   I  am    well  aware   that  not   nil   those   vvho  style  themselves ns socialists are socialists nt  heart.   Any new doctrine they will accept nnd tliey would,be capitalists tomorrow If they had a chance to be, for  thoy are such'at-heart.-It Is not because there Is no hope for their present  troubles and conditions" altering that  they join the ranks of socialism.   Thiy  simply do so to get a, chance to blow  off tholr gas-.and.,air: their.grievance.  Special Sale of  Ladies' Silk and  Lisle Unread Hose  ,;, Ladies' Lisle Thread Hose, lace *  ankle, ln jilnk, nile, mauve and ��  nnkl ,  yellow; regulau price GOc, 60c and x  Goo; Sale Price, 26c. j  Ladles' Silk-Plaited Hose, lace t  ankle, colors cream, grey, nil-?, ���  cardinal, gold, plUk and hello- y  trope; regular price $1; Sale I  Price, 00c. -  Ladles, Plain. Silk .Hose���We  offer a beautiful line of Silk  Hoi-e a.t a great reduction; they i  conic in all colors; regular price a  Jl.HO; Sale Price, 85c. *y  dailies' SUk Hose, lnce  in heliotrope,  pln.k,  nile,  gold, sky,   cardinal   and  regular   prices   $l.r>0   and   $2.75; *y  Sale Price $1.00. and $1.70.  Ladles'  Silk Drop Stitch Hose  the   following   shades: Gold,  .pink,    cardinal   and hello-  trope;  Regular Price $3.00; Sale  Price, $2.00. 9  ���>��@  ��@��  lace anikl-?, ���  ilie, cream, |  and while; ^  I   in  t  v  sky,  170  iRYSD ALE'S ��  ��     "We  .   reach.  Cordova   . St.,   Vancouver. ���  reach wherever the malls  ^^.���-������^^*����.+^.��"��.$^��i..��.$fr.t..i.^^  If you want a really good article try one of this  celebrated make.'  CHAS. E. TISDALL, 527 Hastings St.  ��������p��^��^^ �����������������������>���������.���������'��� ������������'������.������,���  n-  n  il  o  i>  o  o  if  it  Lengthened  ABSOLUTE  COMPREHENSIVE  FAITHFUL  GENUINE  INEXPENiSIVB  PROIFITABLE  RELIABLE  SAFE  SURE  TllUSTWORTH'T  It Is not from a motive of honest con  viction. but ono of spite, that prompts  them to do this. That maikes their talk  so different to that of Debs. Debs' socialism is a growth-of years, brought  albout iby observation of the wrongs  suffered by thousands when he was In  the trades union movement. And It  was through them that he became the  stronger and better socialist. It Is such  men as Debs who speak from convlc  tlon that people learn, to respect. , The  street comer talker, as vve are accustomed to hereabouts, only disgust reasonable, sensible men and make anarchists of their followers. To make socialists vve must have men of sense to  listen to. (Knowing Debs as I do,. I am  sure that he would not have made the  assertion In his-letter I haive referred  to regarding the Provincial Progressive  party had he. uot -been coached by certain ..of tihe socialists in; this city and  province. Mr. Debs, would : have been  the nii'st man, if the facts had been  properly given to ihim albout that party,  to have said, '*go ahead boys and -win,"  But being misinformed and asked to do  what he did with-the false information  at hand; with a view to aiming a'blow  at a movement intended for good, it is  not to be wondered., at.that he said  what .-'he-did. As far as Mr. Debs is  concerned I don't ..blame-.hlni. In the  least. .We can so from.the .tone ot his  letter the fanatical and false: information he received at the hands-of his  so-called socialist friends. 'But it won't  vvc-rik.: The Provincial Progressive  party will have iftve or six members in  the next house of parliament In spite  of alleged socialists. UNTTY  Vancouveiv.July' 1-i, 1902.  ABUSE A'ND INTIMIDATION.  To the Editor of Tiie-Indki-endknt:  Sir,���If the Trades and Labor council  desire to continue its present usefulness  it will- haive to take some stringent  measures to protect its members.from  abuse and intimidation. Brother Wac-  son (one; of. our most esteemed dele'  gates) thought it. wise on, Thursday  night to oppose the application of the  Canadian Socialist to a sent at there  porters'. talble. In this, as in all other  subjects, 'Brother."Watson;. in':.common  with all the rest or us, exercised his  prtvilege^ Those of the members who  lingered nfter the meeting ���were treated to an exhibition of attempted Intlmi  diitlon which has never -before been, my  rnlgfurtune,, since tho years,I.have, been  connected with the council, to witness  I trust that the previous good feeling  and harmony which has hitherto existed In the council Is not now going to  be broken, by the Introduction of any  disturbing element. Will the proprietors  of the Canadian Socialist please talke  thla hint?   Yours truly,  A DBIJH3ATE,  Vancouver, July 18, 1902.  CITY- COUNCIL.  The recommendation of the llnnnce  committee that a by-lnw shall ��e sub  inltted to the people.providinx ror the  pnrchiisc of lots Nos. .15 to 2-1 at English Buy, was adopted by the Council  on Monday night. The price ns:ced for  these  lots  is $l'.","i00.  Aby-law to provide for the paving of  Dupont street'was put through.". It authorizes the Issuance of debentures to  raise $7,000 -for paving and SO.SOO for  curbing,   Interest    and    sinking   fund  thereon lo bo met by assessment upon  - >>  residents. Tho by-law vvill come. Into  force on, August 2nd, 1902. Interest Is  payable on the 2nd of February and-2nd  nf August each year.  Tho Plumbing By-law providing for  the constitution of a local board of ex-  n'ntners,, from whom plumbers shall  secure certificates before taking contract work in the city, vvas laid over.  .  Of what other investment than' Life Insurance can all, these .adjectives be as trutlhifullly descriptive! ; Any one or two place a.- security in a high class;1 all combined malke it; noteworthy.,' .Many  more, niiglit justly he appllBd to Life Inaurance-j-TH-E investment of  the oge.  UNION 'MUTUAL POLICIES are every whit iri line Ihv progres-  siveness,. values andi privileges���contracts that: not only aim to  protect tout really do in the minutest particulars.. All.facts cheerfully furnished Iree.  9  % PORTLAND, MAINE. Ikcohpobateu 1848  Call or.write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  ��� ����������������������������������������������������������������� ���������������������  ���o-  Camfortable Clothing  -When you decide to go camping," youywill have to replenish your wardrohe  with light, cool,, comfortable clothing. You will fed much better after examining our stock, especially if you purchase one of our light English Flannel  Suits.  FLANNEL'SUITS���They rangein price from $7.50 to $13.00-.You can have  tliem single or double breasted, with or without vests; also White Duck1 and  Striped Flannel Trousers, Light'Vests, Outing Shirts, Balbrlggah-TJnderwear,  Straw Hats, etc., in great abundance.,  ... -o'  BOYS' LIGHT 'UNDERWEAR���Blouse?,: Galatea -Suits, .Outing-!Shirts;  Belts, Bathing Suits; in fact everything lhat'igoes to^ake up a boy's outtflt  can be procured of us."Satisfaction guaranteed or money refunded.  CLUBB   &   STCWAKT^:.-  Telephone 702.  l'��0 Cordova Stbeet.'  I III H1VBI  From Their Nanalmo, bonthfleld ana  Protection Island 'iollI��rio��,J  Steam, Csas  and  House Coal  <M tbo Following Grades:  Double Screened Lump, -  Ij Run of the Mine,  Woahed Nut n nd  8creen(auA.  RAMUKL M. ROBINS, Superintendent.  KVANB, COUtMAN.A EVANS, AgtntB^  Vancouver Oity, B.C.  niid  LINE  World's  Scenic  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICl  Imperial LicnStcd  00 Hours to Montreiil���Tuesdays, Tburs-  days and Sulurduys.  /.Transcontinental''    Passenger   Train  leaves dally nt 14 o'clock.  Seattle nnd Whatcom Express leaves  dally at 9.05 o'clock.-.<       - ' '  EMPRESS OF INDIA..'" ..   ..JUI/" 28  TjVU'PAiR  : AUGUST '1  EMPRESS OP J.VPA'N  !.. AUGUST 18  S'AILdNGS    FOR.  HONOLULU    AND  AUSTRALIA. ���  MOANA .TULY 23  MIOWERA AUGUST 22  iAnd every four weeks thereafter.  For full particulars as to time, rates,  etc., apply to  E. J. COYTjB, JAS. SCLATER',  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C.    428 Hastings St.  Van>��uver, B.C.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The price ' is now  such that almost everybody can afford it,.  Once used, always  used. Apply at; Office of  MI ifi.  LTD.  Cor..Carrall and'Hastings  .   Streets.   ��� .  Importers and  GORl" AVE.   'PHONE  SOLE' AGENTS. -  83. o  :: SATURDAY JULY  19  THE INDEPENDENT.  tl. A. URdUtlAIST,  Hardware, Stoves,   Ganges,  Etc,  35  Hastings Street East.  090  090  GO TO  a  By Smoking ��� ��  'Kurtfs Own/' "Kurtz's Pioneers/' "Spanish Blossom? I  They are the best in tlie land and made by &  Uuioii Labor in X  KURTZ & CO/S PIONEER CIGAR FACTORY I  VANCOUVER, B. C. %  E/aVCoM for them and see that you get them. 8  ttOB��aflMni��qiiti��g *,*�� ff ff nff yfinjff^K^eflmMtgicgifliao aomecgo  K  RIIIWAY ARBITRATION,  The following open letter has been  -*ent to Sir William Mulock, M. P., and  a copy sent to this paper for publication,   lt deals with the Mulock arbi-  ��� tration bill.   The Phoenix Trades Council desires  that  the letter should be  _glvcn as much publicity as possible  "Sir    William    Mulock,   Minister    i.t  Labor, Ottawa, Ont.:  " Dear Sir,���I am In receipt of your  .letter, dated the 25th ultimo, enclosing  Railway Labor Disputes,' which, letter  invites criticism of organized labor on  .the said bill,' With regard to the'eo'n-  'lents of aforesaid bill, I am directed to  ��� say that we are entirely' "   -. \.'; '' ���  Opposed,to the Whole Scheme,  .and on .the following grounds: ;  "Firs fcr.8��Cause^the_ Bill. proposes .to  -take away thp inalienable right of  T- every citizen to forsake his or' her employment at will, to persuade his fellows to 'do'likewise,1 ,an'd io uss.'all law?  .'fui meakis tofpreveht others'from tak-  _ing the pltce or places so vacated.  ���Second���ItOglves to a company or  - corporation much more power in such  .a matter <by'Its representative on the  ��� board of arbitration), than it ..could  . pioperly obtain, were the matter sub-  .mltted to a referendum'vote' of the  whole people, who are,' in such disputes  the rightful arbiters of all questions  -involving the public, welfaie, and of  -which a railway'strike Is one.  "The  representation of property on  -an equality with persons,-Is a principle  which   is  fundamentally  wrong,  and,  ���when the payment of dividends is only  , achieved by hardships upon employees  ..and by the discomfort of the general  public, the piopeity.o\vners sliould be  ��� the only ones to suiter'from the con-  . sequences  arising from    their   greed,  .and, especially so, for the reason that  the employees and the general public  .have-to shoulder"the burden of paying  ��� dHldends on watered stock.  "Third���There is always a possibility,  nay,  a probability,    that   as the  people are at piesent (mis) represented,   that  the  railway's representative  on the board of arbitration, knowing  the lieutenant-governor  "or governor-  general to be biased in favor (as may  .@��@0@0@9��0����������#����������a  ��   Ask Your. Dealer for    ���  easily be) of tho cause said governor  to appoint a member, or members, to  the board whojs or are favorable to  the interest of said railway company,  thus making the award of the board  a hollow travesty of justice.  "Fourth���It will make the sovereign  right of tbe state subservient to an arbitrary body of a few ..irresponsible  men, who may, or may not, be acting  ,tii good faith. Another unconstitution-'  al proceeding, as I should think.  "If as' the ,hon.    . '   . h <,  , Ministerial Labor' Saysn  ,"l"allwa^|(jd^pH.^s^OMupyraVunIque  position. ;,*',*. *',", Railways' are, the  creatures ot parliament, they are created ln the public interest, and for  tliat' reason they are given rights paramount to those of the Individual-  They_ are created^ to serve the public  in the 'first piae��. and it" is the" duty of  the people's representatives to see-that  the object of parliament In granting  .charters is not defeated, 'either by the  companies or ,by . their ' employees.'. I  have just quoted his own words,, an 1  they fortri'U vjerMi'strong argument for,  .    Public, Ownership.  ij-iilw:  One of the objects of .parliament, one  would' think, Is to see that railway  employees are justly paid. That, such  is the case now (even after the recent  award of the arbitration committee), I  emphatically deny. Section men, even  now, get barely a living wage, and,  until their condition Is further amended, the people of Canada, a? represented b�� organised labor, will not complain about any convenience or hardship they may experience through the  efforts (by strike or otherwise), of the  railway servants to obtain a moiety of  their earnings. If the government Is  really sincere Iu its professions of interest in thc labor and the general public, it will at once take steps to acquire' the railways of the whole Dominion, ut the price at which they may  be duplicated, and thus follow the lead  of other civilized counti ics, which have  all, with two exceptions,  Adopted this Policy.  There can be no excuse on the grounds  of poverty, as the Dominion has,_wlthf  which has 'been accomplished in the few  short months of-its existence, it having  only been formed since 11th (March last.  The union was addressed by Chris-  Foley, the president of the Provincial  Progressive Party, who gave a stirring  speech to his Interested audience along  the lines of political action.  The hall, which .was nicely decorated  for the occasion, will be 'known as the  Federal Union Hall, and as It has  stage will be open to engagements by  theatrical companies, balls, etc. ' It  hns a seating capacity of between 300  and 400.  The Grand Forks Federal Labor  union itself ls made up of workingmen  of all descriptions of employment and  Is In business to stay there. It has  actively entered upon the prosecution of  politics as the. means by which Ithe  ends of the woikers are to be Obtained  and there is no doubt that this union  will give an excellent account of itself  at the next election whicli will be held  In this province.  FISHERMAN AN'D CANNERS  AGREE.  The iflshermen and canners have arranged a compromise on the price to be  paid for sockeyes during the seaso.i.  The scale agreed upon Is as follows:  Up to a pack of 200,000 cases, 20 cents;  over 200,000 and up to 250,000 cases, 18  cents; over 250,000 and up to 350,000  cases, 1C 1-2 cents; over 330,000 and up  to 400,000 cases, 13 1-2 cents; over 400,-  000 and Tip to 450,000, 12 1-2 cents; over  450,000 and up to 600,000 cases, 11 1-2  cents; over COO.OOO cases and up to 630,-  000 cases, 11 cents. ' Eleven cents is to  be the minimum price; the canners to  restrict the number of boats and give  preference to union men' and Indians;  the canners to assist in the collection of  union fees and dues by instructing  their bookkeepers to deduct the amount  from the moneys coming to the fishermen. A representative of the fishermen will check the eatch and pack at  the end of the season- August 25th will  be considered the last day of the sockeye fishing, and the last four conditions  may be taken into consideration ,by the  canners in regard to making them permanent'contritions.  ,���-,",}  -   ff^  '  ' The feudal Byete'm'led to the formation  of a higher and a lowei- ciiBte. The  lower lived purely''and simply to  maintain the higher. If 'a man hnd  the good fortune "to be born," as  the French phrase had it, he expected  maintenance, service and obedience from  those who* hod riot that privilege as a  matter of'right. In tlie early days of  the system it worked very well.' But  the inevitable development was that the  upper or ruling class exacted more and  more, became larger and inoreidle, until  tho astonishing spectacle was afforded  'bf the greater portion"of the human race  in feudal countries living hopelesslivesof  abjectlpoverty to support the rest in  unexampled luxury.���Colonist.  ff^0ft686'08BM'8<{>0tit>fliWttBfflO0'gCCa008<)<iiCBgi>0tflOWC^W  t  i Fit-Reform  Clothes  I Are as  Union Directory.  Because it has an actual, appreciable, .tangible   g  value. ��  It is made in a clean, bright tailor shop, by expert clothing builders.  When clothing is as good as -Wheat itTmust  be made right, fit perfectly, hold its shape, wear  well, look well, as-long as it wears���in short give  satisfaction.  When you see Fit-Reform label on a suit or  overcoat, you know what it means. You. are sure  of the latest fads in garments for gentlemen, the  highest materials and the lowest prices.  THE VANCOUVER TRADE8 AND  Labor Oouncil meets first and third  Thursday ln each month, at 7:30 p. m.  President, W. 3. Lamrick; vice-president,  P. J, Russell; secretary, T. H. Cross; flSr-  anclal secretary, J. T. Lllley; treasurer.  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms, C J.  Salter; statistician, J. H. Browne.   JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION, No. 120���President, G.  W. Isaacs; vice-president, Fred Haw;  corresponding-financial secretary, J. A.  Stewart, BI Cordova St.: recorder. C. D.  Morgan; treasurer, D. Morgan; guide, A.  H. Lecatt; guardian, G. Bowers; delegates to T. & L. Council: G. AV. Isaacs  and Fred. Haw. Meets first and third  Wednesdays of each month In Union  Hall.  WAITERS AND WAITRESSES UNION.  Local No. 2S. President, Charles Over;  vice-president, A. N. Herrlngton; secretary-treasurer, J. H. Perkins. Meeting  overy Friday evening at S.30 o'clock In  Union Hall, corner Homer and Dunsmuir  streets.  -iccjorni  ardrobe  333 Blastings Street, Vancouver, B. C.  Tde Glouchester,..Mass., fishermen  regard Kipling us a hoodoo, as overy one  of tlio 20 fishing boats belonging to their  fleet named by him in "Captains Courageous" liave gone down at sea, the  lust two of the ill-fated boats foundering  in a big storm off tho Massachusetts  coast.  English folk think that the word  "machine," nsed much iln Scotland and  sometimes in America to describe t  vehicle, is a .barbarism. It is a survival and was; in common use I00  years ago.  VANCOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION. No. 238, meets the fourth Monday  In each month at Union Hall. President,  C. S. Campbell; vice-president, W. J. Mc-  1" -ij; reeretary, S. J. Gothard; P. O. Box  fO, ���ii.-iiburer, Geo. Wilby; sergeant-at-  ium... A. F. Arnold; executive committee. F. XV. Fowler, G. E. Plerrott W.  Br.ind. Robt. Todd; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, XV. Brand, S. J. Gothard, P. W. Fowler.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday ot  each month, ln Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at 8 p.m. President. H.\,A McDonald;  vice-president, John Gardiner; secretary,  A. G. Perry: treasurer, H. VanderwaJker;  conductor, Geo. Lenfesty: warden, D.  Smith; sentinel. J. Dubberley; delegates  to Trades and Labor Council: H. A. Mo-  Donald, J. C. Barton, C. Bennett, Robt  Brunt and A. G. Perry.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Thursday ln Union  Hall, room No. 3. President, G. Dobbin;  vice-president, J. M. Sinclair; recording  secretary, W. T. MacMulIen: financial  secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, J.  Ferguson; conductor, R. MacKenzle; warden, J. MoLeod; delegates to T. and L.  council, Robt. Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M   Sinclair.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. M.. meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.  m. In Forester's Hall. Van Anda. President, D. Jones; vice-president, P. Burt;  secretary, A. Raper; treasurer, H. V.  Price; conductor, E. Embleton; warden,  M. Halliday.  Self Measurement Blanks and Samples on Amplication.  Mall Orders Promptly Attended to.  P. O. BOX 2Sf.,!;(- ���: ��� 'PHONE 179.  w. J. McMillan & Co.,  v Wholesale Agents for  TUCKET CIGAR CO.UNION LABEL CIGARS  MONOGRAM, MAEGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR,',       SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander, Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C. '      >'  EaBEOE~~~BSB��"B��  ��<jX-5��0��������'��^^  tt)  you  eer  e  9  o  69  ���  9  o -  A3  �� Overall Clothing |  �� Comprising;" Denim Pants, Over- |L  ��� alls. Smocks, and working shirts ���  ��   of every, description.        , ���  �� The <; Miner " ��� f  n A fine Ilno.of Overalls, Jumpers, 5;  ~ and Smocks 'In S nnd 0 ot. goods; Z,  *>   speclally'constructed for miners.      Q)  �� __;     ���    * . . -~  -��� ' o  �� Ihe "Engineer*/ ���������  ' ���- ��  O ,' A ' line.- of Rib Overalls .and S.  m Smocks for engineers and ' mo- ;?  �����   ulinnlcs. ,   . ,2,  mi     Evory garment' hears tho Union  ��f   Label.  gj     Material and workmanship guaranteed. .  O  mum  '-Tin:-  (I.IMITCU.)  UlNNiPfcO, MAN.  out exception, I think, the finest credit  In the world; and to borrow upon so  magnificent an asset could not impaii  that ciedlt in thc least, lt is nl.so quite  within tho power of Ottawa to create  and Issue- sufficient legal tender money  lor the puipose, though, perhaps, for  ceittiln reasons, thin course might not  bo so desirable as the other plan. It Is  the opinion of this council that labor  disputes on iiillways owned either by  private owners or by the government,  should Ibe referred to a referendum vote  of thc whole people. In fact, a full  measure of direct icpreseiita'lon, Is the  most presrins legislative need of Canada at the pre'iont day. I have the honor to be. sir, your obedient servant,  W. II. BAMBURY,  Secretary T.& L. Council.  Phoenix, 13. C, July 10, 100J.  8��e��s��c>3iQ��o��o��offi����e@e��  NEW JJAHOR lldVLL.  On Wednesday of last week, a grand  rally wus held by the Grand Forks fed-  oral union. The occasion was the opening of the new- labor hall, which has  Just been completed iby that body. Much  credit for thc work is due to President  J. G. Rohertson and Secrotary J.' T.  Lawrence. There was a large and enthusiastic attendance and a report was  made of the   progress . of the   union  DIMES AND DOLLARS  Dimes nnd dollar?, dolltirs nnd dimes,  An empty pocket's the worst of crimes.  Ifjtiiinn'b doiingivc liira n tlinifit,  Trnmple the beggnr under the dust,  I'rcMiniptuoui poverty I 'tis quite Hppalling!  Knock liini ovor, then kick Mm for fulling;  Rut il he is up lift hi m liiuhor,  -Vour s-oul't for Siile nnd ho's ilio buyer.      =~  Dimcii nnd dollnri, dollars and dimes,  An empty pocket's the worst of crimes,  I know a jioor but 1'cmest mnn,  W'hi) tried to live on tke Christian plnn;  Poor lie if nnd poor must bo,  A ���lu'.piscd mnl Iinted thing is lie.  At home lie meets n starring wile,  A brrmd lie lends h leper's life.  They struggly ngnfnst most fenr.'u! odds     *  Who will not bow to the nation's gods.  Dime-, mid dollars, dolltiis nml dimes,  An empty pocket's llie u'urslo! crlinos.  I know n poor but lionoit youth,  '.Vhii built hfb love i.n a maiden's trulli,  lint n uooi i ionietli who-n elniins tiio Uicm1,  Which a brulnlos gill Is Mini lo please.  V hollow iieart nml an empty licid,  V face well tinned will) tlie brandy's red,  A iniiMl we'd Inline.1 in vlllmij's school;  Uul cash, Mvect caili >tin know* the inio���  Phiii'- anil dollat!,, dollai" and dime-.,  An empty pocket'-, llie v.oistof crimes.  Then net ye wealth, no matter bow���  Xo questions are uski'd ihu ricli 1 trow.  Sical by night, th'al by dny!  Hut iio It in a legal wai.  Join tlio Church anil nu'er forsnko her,  f.ctim to emit and in-iilt your Mnker.  lie hypociiie, liar, knave, oi fool,  Hut don't be poor,   liunioniber tlie rule���  Dimes and dollars, dollars and denies,  An empty pocket's, tho noistof eiiincs.  ���Selected.  " And the night shall be filled with music,  -y-*.'R"j      And the cares that infest: the day,  -'^��S~��!& Shall fold their tents like the Arabs,  And as silently steal away."  At all first class Hotels, Liquor Stores and Saloons.  Brewed bv tho  Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.  Vancouver, B. C.  The great international game of jiing  pong attracts more real interest those  dny.Ohaii-politics . =   You cannot reform the physical conditions of being by menus solelly intellectual any more than yon can appease  hunger by reading a menu.  The importance of the demand for  "recognition of the union" may be very  well judged by the aniount of opposition  it encounters from tho employing chins.  In point of practicability the ml vice to  strike at tlie ballot box" amounts to  much tliu miiiic lliinu' as advice to the  mau in ii storm to seek .shelter under the  Iihins oi :i liotiPO.  taken intoconsideration that this increase  of 5 cents per hour in one niontli will  greatly exceed the"ehtire~earning~~of tlie  bricklayers and plasterers of Multeity for  a whole year, we feel tliat'coiigrntula-  tions aro in order.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  Machinists.���Beaver Lodge, No. UC���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday in  each month ln Union hall. President, 3.  Arnoll; vice-president, J. R. Edwards;  recording secretary, A. J. Thirtle, address.  Vancouver P. O.; financial secretary, H.  J. LltUier, 673 Hastings street, mat;  treasurer, B. Tlmmins; conductor, S. H.  Bossisstow; guard, F. Coughlin.   '   JOURNEYMEN   BAKERS   AND  FBCTIONERS' International i i"n ������'  America. Local No. 4C. Vancouver, B.  C. President, Wm. H. Barnes; vic��-  ���presldent, Fred. Jay; recording secretary.  Sam Walker. 1042 Scaton street; financial secretary, N. MoMuIHn, St. George  street. Mount Pleasant; treasurer, W. A.  Woods.   'caGARtMAKERS' UNION ,NO. TBI���  Meets the flrst Tuesday ln each mootli  in Union Hall. President, A. Koeh<���;  vice-president. P." Crowder; secretary, '  G. Thomas, Jr.,-148 Cordova street went;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson;' sergeant-at-  arms. J. W. Brat; delegates to Trade*  and Labor Council, ,T. Crow, C. Crowd**,  C.  Nelson.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AlKD  BRCORAfTORS, Local Union No. 118.  Meets everv Thursday in Labor HaB.  President, W. Pavler; vice-president, "W.  Halliday; recording secretary, E. Crash,  767 Eighth avenue, west; financial secretary, A. Gothard, 822 Howe street; treasurer. H. MeSorley.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION Olf  . AMERICA,1'No. 178 ��� Meets alternate  Mondays in room 1, Union Hall. Preul-  dent, .F. Williams; vice-president. Chas.  WhaJen; rooordlng secretary. H. O. Bur-  ritt; financial secretary, Walfred Larson;  treasurer, W. W. Toombs; sergoant-��t-  arms, J. MoPherson.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brien's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. D. McLean, president; >W. J. Lamrick, secre-  tary, 24S Princess street   VANCOUV'R FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets in Labor Hall. Homer  street, every Saturday, at 8 p. m  Steve Domes, president; Chas. Durham, secretary pro tem.  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD  OF Electrical Workers, Vancouver  Local 213.���Meets second and fourth;  Tuesday in Union hall, room No. I.  President, Geo. Cowling; vice-president,  R. P. Irwin; recording secretary, A. D.  Hotson, 635 Richards street; financial  secretary, John Dubburly.  Meeting;.  F. O. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE, No. t,  meets Wednesday evenings; visiting;  brethren welcome.   Bert Parsons,*'"W.  P.- J. G. Ure, W.' S., Arcade.  Tay up your sub^urlptlon to the In-  ,Jppetident. 'It does not cost you much  and you should not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor paper. ���   .   .,  Tlio 1'rcnch language, it appears, ii*  belter adapted to the purpceof tlie telephone than Kngli.-h. It is st.ited thnt  the large number'of sibilant or hissing  syllables in Knglish renders it less easy  and accurate means of communication.  On July lid, the bricklayers of  Now York city received an advance  in wagesof S cents per linur, -10 cents per  day or $2.20 per week. Knur bmiM, from  -V new word is being sought to express  thc meaning of wireless telegraphy, and  which will commend itself for general  adoption. The following havo been sug-  gji-ted to the Xew York Klcotrirnl Ke-  view: "Atmography," "otherngrnpliy,"  "conigraphy," - " syntograpliy," und  " clhorgraphy." As neither one seems  lo exactly lit the nooi's.-iitioH of the ca=o  "airgraph," "airgraphy,"and "nirgraiii,,  aro .suggested by tlio Chronicle ns shorter,  simpler, nnd plainer words to convey  a specific idea of the system and its work.  O  o  "WAKES A bTltCULTT OF . .  dot's sneciai Liqueur, olso *.  I'sner's Block LQDei Liqusur wuissf  -LARGE STOCK OK-  IMI'OKTED AN'D DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  E. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Corner Cordova and Cahuill.  Yhc"  A ninn !iasj,ust died in rtelgorod attlie  ago of 1-10. lie hnd been a beggar for  the whole of liis life, his father having  been a professional - beggar beforo him.  Me alternately po^ed u�� a cripple and  as a blind and dumb man, and three  times in his long life did he attempt to  work, but in vain. Nine time did he  take a wile unto himself. .\s soon ns ho  tired of one lie ciilmy left her, and went  to another town, where he would murrv  S to 12a. in., shall coii'-titute u day's work j iiniiin. Kor a long time ho lived in St.  on Saturdays. Seventeen unions, with a j Peleisburg, and it is interesting to note  membership of 15,000 will be benefited, thiit in spitoof his long life ho was not  Tlio inereaso in wages will amount to ^ burdened 'with the three'groat sorrows  moro thnn $30,000 per week.  When it is' want, worry and family."  m  !;[!  t^<K>30C<JO<NX100��OeOOOOOCX>Og  A hMlri.u'id Only CpiivOiilc li.-lll Room  O in I" I'. xtiii'Siin lin-lf li <i itiiarnnloe  (p  ol ii f',r.|.t;iik< Hotel i.nil Re-iiiinraul .  OQOCiOOOOOOQOOiiOGOOaC  ?  Sevmour Slreeel,  <-}3��32Q30ijf(c^a3ooooc?eec"i>a3o  BEEJC3@U& WINE  Jt.UlK JCXCU".l VI I.V K]'03l ]!. C. THI IT.  1'itbsii ct'T fi.oivj:j:s  uxrox made  iKIiititVlC iflQAUs.  Wheu muklDK u trip nronnd the  Turk cull on    '  W. D. Jones "U^JSir'  6  O  3  a  a  a  eos*��oaa39aaao"-ej}d3t*?a33oes<5  ������W  TT  I'i  i    'S  : l  3  M KELVIN ON SCIENCE.  GREAT SCIENTIST SPEAKS HOPEFUL-  LY OF WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY.  Delighted Willi Murconi;;r.ims��� Hi* >rs-  tor of Modern sclenrt. lU'lleve-, Wirt*-  loas Talk With Fur-oil' 1'l.nnli. I'.n.iblc-  ���Declares Ibut ljrricibtlii) ut .Ur 1-*  Uttvrly nud AliMilutely lmpt.it lu iilile.  Thero is no man oi science now  living whose proiioiiiiicnii'iit on almost any scientific question woulil  havo equal weight with tli.a of l-md  Kelvin, sa.vs t.'nrrctl 1". Neru-s. who  rcienily intervicwoii li��� m roiis.-.jiicni-  ly his opinion on .scicnliiic ni.tUcis  now prominently l;ofoie ilie public  mind possess special nitiivsi iti.d :in-  poitanco. The Iirst qui" lion i but 1  asked him the other evening related  to the nuvigatiun of ill-' ;iu !��prd  Kelvin naturully ciioiiuh .'u.-s r.ot  wish to uppear its mi ici/iug .Mr.  Santos personally, n.u'i lii1. r. ply is  to be taken in a giucriil ���������li-i" a��  bearing only upon the suluni >f 101-  ial navigation without p.n t'..-i I.ir reference to'the Brazili..ii i'i".ci.Uir. lie  wus very emphatic in iho do. i..inti<in  that there is nothing piMclic.il about  dirigible airships,  "llo.you 'think it possible," I .isk-  ed him, "for'un. airship to le ;:i<uli".l  across tho Atlantic oo.m'"  "Not possible'ut -nil." he r.'!'rcd.  "On what ground ih> ,\in lliink  that tho airship i.s. impiuciK.ililcV"  "Itccnuse no ���niolive powui" cm  drive a. balloon tlirou;:h the air."  "Your objection, ns 1 ii'x'.'rsininl  it, losts upon the unwield.r.iss ol  tho balloon, but how alituii the aeroplane? Ho. you think th.it thiit is  practicable?"  "So; no more thnn the other."  "Then wc cannot n.r. i^ete the air  at all in a coninierci.il way?"  "No; I think it ennnot l.o done.  No U.tlloon and no aeroplane will  ever be practically Eiicvslul."  "But. Lord Kelvin, Miu icinuiiiber  the experiments of the (ierman, Lin-  dcnthali who used a gliding machine,  start ing from an delation and riding down the slope of the air?"  "Yes, but Lindenihnl pimply threw  away his life. Ho was billed during  his experiments, and Inter on another  gentleman: who had undertaken the  Biunc sort of Hying also sacriliced his  life. They both threw away their  lives without any possibility of success in what they were undertaking  to do."  "Then it would appear thnt, in  your opinion, we have no hope of  solving the problem of aerial navigation in any way?"  "So: A do not think there is any  hope.  Neither the balloon,    nor   the  LOUD   KELU.W  aeroplane, noi tho gliding machine  will bo a pinctical success. The balloon .s thc best of all "  "But you think, that the principle  of the balloon cannot be applied to  make a successful mi ship?"  "No, I do not "  This veiy decided opinion of Lord  Keliin on the unpiacticability of any  of the piesent methods oi solving the  problem of aon.il navigation certuinly seems to tluow a wet blanket on  the whole maltci  But on the next subject that we  appioacheU Loid Kelvin hnd a very  diflcient kind of an opinion to express This was wireless telegraphy In icgiiid to that his opinion wni not onlv f.ivoiablc, but almost enthusiastically so. lie thoroughly believes in the success of the  Mai com si, stem  "you look, then, for a rapid prac-  -tlcal-devclopmeiiUof thc-system of  trans-ocean wireless  telegraphy?"  "Yes; I do."  "Do.you think thnt the system can  bo extended over the hind also as  successfully, as over thc sc.i?"  '"I hat remains to bo seen. I lliink  It can be, but very likely ihe ti.'ns-  mission over the ocean will be easier  thnn over the lnnd."  "Have you tiny opinion. Lord Kelvin, ns to thc manner in which the  electrical waves nro transmitted?"  "Well. T ennnot say iletinilcly. I  think tliey"go through the ether, probably above the surf.ve of the sea."  "Do you think. I hoy could be transmitted outside or beyond the earth���  for example," between tho earth and  the moon?"  "I think it possible. I think it  possible that the earth is nol ccs.cn-  tinl in the transmission or the waves  ��� that they could bo .set up in the  ether in the absence of the earth. So  far the earth has Loomed to form an  essential part'of: the system. They  have been transmitted1.between different places on the earth, but perhaps they could (io also through'  space if there were no earth."  "Then they could go from planet  to planet?"  "Yes; It,1s possible." ,  "I"o you ; think that the" message  can be rendered entirely secret.'.'. by  eentonizntien?"     '":���'���  "SccrecV ):-. no object. It. does-not  matter v,holier they can be picked  up or not 'J b" object is to transmit messages to the one who desires  to receive thnn. If secrecy is desired,  it can be oljMincd by means of a  code. That is the method oven now  by the old system of telegraphy."  "So you put, no great weight upon  the i 'icstion of making the messages  secret?"  "N'o. f d.> not. They can 1*) rendered secret enough."  It is evitluit that Lord Kelvin has  complete eonlicionce in the future development of wireless telegraphy. He  wns unhesitating in the expression of  his liivorulle opinion of the system  as it now exists and of thc certainty  of improvement that awni's it. This  is in i-omp'.eti- eonii'iist with his entire lack nf faith in the experiments  pert ni nim; to navigation of the air.  His visit to XiniMi-.i Kails was his  third, two previous ones having been  made in IStil anil IS'.iT. Lord Kel-  \in was elevated to the peerage ten  veins ngo uml was long known to  the world ns Sir William Thompson Kven before In- wns knighted in  1S(��7 his scimiilic Whnrs had attracted world-wide attention.  Of late yeais Lord Kelvin has devoted a large pint of his time to  the study of electricity. lie has  made many inipiovements in submarine telegraphy.  THE STEAMSHIP KING.  Hand or Uie Combine 11 hicli  Will Control  n Miulny  I Wei.  Clement A. (iri'-com, president oi  the International Navigation Company, which is to be made- the parent company of the gigantic steamship combination iccently perfected  miller the direction of J. Piorpont  "Morgan, is to become the head ot  the great combine.  This means that. Ur. Clriscom will  be in command of the (^routcst fleet  CIXMUNT  ACTON UIHSUOM.  of steamships ever gathered under  one head m thc woild's history. The  tolal tonnage of the aggregated lines  already in the combination is over  1,000,000, and it is expected that  moie will be added, so thut the merger will eventually include nearly  all of the great transatlantic companies.  Air. Griscom, who is to head this  vast enterprise, was born in Philadelphia in 1841. lie icceived an academic education in his native city  and started his business cuieer as a  clerk in the employ of the famous  maritime firm'of Peter Wright &  Sons. Later he was niiido manager  and in 1S('3 became a partner in the  business. In 1ST] Air. Oriscom was  elected vice-president of the International Navigation Company and  beciuno its president several years  later.  Under his management this company grew rapidly. The Inman Line  of transatlantic steumeis was purchased and its name changed to the  American Line. The company practically owns all tho stock of the Ked  Star Line, of the International Navigation Company, limited, of Liverpool and of the Empire Transportation Company of Seattle! Mr. Oriscom is not only extensively interested iind associated with the management of steamship and railroad  companies, but is a director in ninny  industt ial 'and Iiuaneial enterprises.  Mr. Griscoin was married in 1802  to Frances Canby Biddlc. They live  at llaverford, Pa., and have extensive social connections.  VROOMAN'S VENTURE  SCHEME TO RUN AN ENTIRE CITY ON  THE CO-OPERATIVE PLAN.  Will Curry on ruth.'r'* Work  It is announced that the great  work begun and established by the  late famous divine, T.. lie Witt Tul-  mngc, will be carried on by his son,  Rev. Br. Finnk Be Witt Tnlmnge.  Young Br. Tnlmage occupies (he pulpit of tho JefTorson Park Presbyterian  church,   Chicago.     He  was  born  iikw mi. rit.v.NK UK win- tai.magk.  in Philadelphia and is now in hlrf  thi rt j-fifth year. Graduating from  New York university, Frank Talmago  fitted himself for the ministiy at  Union Theological seminaly As a  clergyman and lectuiei he has met  with inark'cd success in the leading  cities of tho United States.  llafnruril 3lnuuin Hest.  In some Canadian tests with different fertilizers rn wheat, bailey  and uats, the best nvciage results for  13 years have been with l.ainjuid  muntirc. Slightly bettei results were  secured from the use of nosh manuie  rather than well rotted  Sooth to Sny.  If you attempt to kiss a woman,  she generally sets ber face against  it.  Trenton, .Mo., Where th* Kuskln Industrial Citlleg., Hat ICttubltslivd u Couple  of Yenrn lco, llie 1 own lu Which the  Kxiirlliurlil Ik lo lie 1 rled���some oi  tbu  DrlriiU.  The city of Trenton, Mo., which  the U. S. census of 1000 gave a  population of .*),;i'.)T, but whiih has  glown considerably since thai lime,  is declined to be very near the centre  of tlle United Stales. If the dreams  of certain enthusiastic residents are  realised, frnm tins iclilic there is lo  spread in nil diiccliims an economic  movement winch is iillimaloly to cm-  brace   the  whole country.  Trenton attracto I considerable attention a coupie of years ago by reason of the establishment tlicre of the  ltuskin college, a huge ponton of  the funds for which were donated by  the ltuskin industrial societies of  Croat Britain to the discipKs of Hus-  kin in the United States'. The college has conducted its appointed  work to the satisfaction of all concerned, uttiacting a goodly irunbor  of students without any gieat nourish of trumpets.  As uu outgrowth of the college or  nt least a development of Ihe Knskin  idea wliich filled the minds of its  foiindeis there now appeals a movement which promises fo revolutionize  the entire business and inilnsliies of  the city. The plan is to establish  there a co-opeiniivu colony or system on a linger scale than has ever  belorc been attempted uud with a  better Ilnancial backing than nny  similar scheme has ever enjoyed.  Tlie head of this new co-operative  enterprise is Walter Vrooman, an  enthusiastic disciple of Knskin, who  has associated with him others ol"  kindled aims and ambitions and  funned the Western Co-oporatiie Association, whose purpose is lo bring  the whole city under the scope of  its operations.  A fair start in this direction has  already been made. The association  has already acipiired and hns in op-  pi alien three grocery stores, a drug  store and a big departmental store,  besides nn ax bundle nnd a canning  factory. The association paid cash  for nil theso and incidentally deposited SUOO.OOO, so it is said, in the  four banks of the city, with the assurance Unit tliere was SL,000,000  more where that came from to put  inio t'ne scheme when il was required.  Air.' Vrooman insists that there is  money.cnoi'gh in sinht to siicicsfiil-  ly float this socialistic experiment  nnd snys that he has received many  pledges from his wealthy friends who  are intciusled in Iho movement.  These pledges have come" from different  pin ts of the coiiniry.  The head of the movement repudiates both philanthropy and charity  in connection  with his plan and de-  IN THE PUELiC EYE.  Msit Uerent I'.rtrnlt of   Hor  Kxcellensr  Uie   <��iiiiii-s>  ��>f   ��lim��-rioiiiren of  Mm*, llfiiiler nml lira. UnTWln.  THK COUNTHSS OK MINTO.  (From Her Excellency's latest photograph.)  >nii". in;r.Nir.i:.  (Wife of the Hon. V. I". Bernler, Minister  of Inland ltereiuie for C.iniiiln.)  FIRST WOMAN NOMINATED."  Nominated by thc Socialists to contest North Toronto for the Provincial Legislature. Airs. Darwin is the  the first woman  to    bo named    for  ( WAI.TKlt  VROOMAN.  clares that it is purely a business  proposition. The purpose of the  "co-ops," as he and those associated  with him are called, is to do all tbe  business of the town on the co-operative plan for the profit of'the shareholders. Any one can become a  shareholder in the association by  paying S10 and is then entitled to a  certain per cent, of the profits of the  business of the stores and other  enterprises conducted by the organisation. The association has a  theatre, where concerts, theatricals  iiii'l other entertainments are presented, to which shaielioldors and  their families are admitted fiee.  It begins to look as though most  of  the   residents   of  the  city    would  becomc~shai olmldeis: This-is���the  thing that most perplexes the local  merchants, who foresee that if all the  peoplo or any considerable majority  of thorn become shareholders they  will of course trade at the en-operative stores, everything else being  eipial, thus putting the independent,  dealer out of business. Therefore  liiuny of them are "gelling in on the  ground Iloor" by accepting the association's oiler for their places of  business and stocks of goods. In  most instances the former proprietors  are made manngeis of the co-npurnb-  ed [ila n(,s.  in explanation of llie plan Air.  Vroiimmi says: "We aie trying to  save wastes that make millionaires"  niul paupers. To do this we have  mnde a combination of the practical  and real facts that have been proved  In the study of sociology. We are  simply putting humanity into business, giving profits to those who  muse tbem possible, the people who  buv "  'llie conservative business men of  the town shake then heads ominous-  lv nnd decline that the scheme is  impractical and visional v nnd will  go up in smoke Alcuiinhilc tho  "co-ops" continue to bin up stores  and  re-enforce their foundation  Crtmlipil.  "You are an iceburg i" exclaimed  her elderly but well(picsciveil adoie'r,  pale with anger and mortification  "A do/en cupids with a hundicd arrows each, could never find a a ulner-  able place in your flinty lienrt i"  "Not if they used an old beau to  shoot with," coldly replied the beautiful elrl.  OXFORD'S   ODDITIES.  SOME   CURIOUS   FATS   REGAINING  THE OLD ENGLIS.-. UNIVERSITY.  Atlsniliinro ut Dinner Xecoftiury to Obtain  n llu^r.io���Tlio Curfew Hour for Stu-  detttt���guoer Cuttjmi of tlio V&rloni  Collosca ��� Much lo Interest l*o6Mlble  lSeneficlurlrt of tlie llhodfe' .soliulitr*  ship llequeNt.  The Canadian or United States boy  who is fortunate enough to bo awarded one of Cecil Hhodes' Oxfoid scholarships will hud. much to interest him  ul thc historic old university, but be  will also Iind much that is puzzling  and much that will be in his eyes  eccentiic enough.  The university is a collection' of  colleges and halls, twenty-two in all,  and each has its own matriculation.  The lucky boy who wishes to enter  Oxford must first apply to the head  of whatever college he desires to bo  identified with. He will be asked a  number of questions about his previous education, family history, etc.  If llie head thinks that tho youth is  lik'ely to prove an ornament to the  college in some branch .of learning, be  will give him a preliminary examination and place his name upon tbo  rolls.  After this the student is governed  by the rules of his college except to  report for the various university examinations. No student can obtain  an Oxford degree unless he has kept  his "terms"���that is, has lived . at  Oxfoid for three years. That he has  done so is determined, oddly enough,  by attendance nt dinner in tbe college hall.    Tlio student mny skip any  9 'ft  MKS.  DAUWIX.  Parliamentary honors in Canada,  but sho has withdrawn and another  candidate (Miss Haillej hns been  nominated.  rlunte 1 lut 1 ruvel.  In our common purple orchids nnd  some otlier species there occurs what  wc may term n geograiihical movement, a real traveling of tho plant.  If we dig up one of these, we shall  find its roots include two smooth,'  roundish tubers, one in the process  of formaiion, the other formed last  year and now being drnwn upon hy  tho growing stem for its tjouiish-  iiient. Next year this one will have  been wasted, while the now tuber  will bo supporting the new stem, nnd  a newer tuber will be forming on  the other side. This process goes on  year after year, says F��dward Step  in The Pall' Mall Alngnzine, with the  icsult that the -tem is each year  about half an imh from the spot  Iho plant occupied twelve months  previously.  A similar action, though much  more pronounced, is characteristic of  some gnrdcii lilies and several of  our spring flowering bulbs. Tulips,  if planted in tho shadow of thick  _shnibs,j^h__as_e\ergrecns. will walk  away from them into the lighter "portion of the border. The movement of  garden lilies, especially of Liliiun  auratum and l.ilium speciosum, is  still moro apparent. Place a bulb of  Lilinni aurntiini. the heavily scented,  golden rayed lily of Japan, in the  centre of a lnrge flower pot. For a  season or two it retains its position,  then it brealts up into a number of  smaller bulbs, equalling or exceeding  in number the flowering,stems sent  up tho previous summer; but when  these in tuin give off each a stem  it does not at once assume a vortical  direction, but shoots almost horizontally until it reaches tho side of the  pol, when it rises erectly.  Ble Conclusive fteetcue.  ' A 'certain Scottish minister io a  West Ilighlund parish hns never yet  been known to permit a stranger to  occupy his pulpit. Lately, howevor,  an Edinburgh divinity student vas  spending a fow davs In tho parish,  and on the Saturday he called nt tho  manse and asked the minister io be  allowed to preach the following day.  "Aly dear young man," sill the  minister, lajing a hand gently .m tho  young* man's shoulder, "gin I let ye  preach tho morn, and yo gie a better  sei mon than me, my fowk wad never  again lit satisfied wi' mv pie-ithiiig,  and gin ye'ie lino a better preacher  than mc, ye're no' woith listening  tae I"         Mil .       ���     1 e r   I ii'l  fco'<Hrr.  Bandsman William Hutlerlge of the  Northumberland Fnsllicis whose  height is "JO in Ifs, is said to be the  smallest soldier in the urmv.  CI(IUS1C!!|jitCIl L-OI.LKUU.  UXt'OIift.  other meal thai he pleases, but if ho  docs not put in an appearance at  dinner it is counted against him unless he can give a satisfactory excuse. His attendance at lectures has  little or nothing to do wilh it so far  as "keeping tub" on his presence at  the college is concerned.  One of the requisites in the Cecil  Hhodes" scholarships is that the  student must bo ciliciont in somo  branch of sport.. This is an absolute  es.seiili.il at Oxford as far as the  studio's happiness is concerned, for  a young ninn who tried to resist the  athletic atmosphere of the place  would hnvo a decidedly unpleasant  and lonesome existence. At Oxford  the sports are managed absolutely by  llie students, nnd no graduate is permitted lo interfere or participate in  them except in an honorary way, as  treasurer or the like. The rules governing sports, however, are in the  main what they are in Canada.  An Oxford law Unit many a cls-  Atl.nitic boy will find irksome is that  which requires thc men to be in residence by 8 o'clock at night. If  the.v are out later than that, they  are lined. Between 8 and 10 the lino  is twopence, between 10 und 11  threepence, nnd between 11 nnd midnight a shilling. If a. student ma'-es  a practice or staying out lute, he  gets into trouble with the bead of  his college.  'The various colleges have some  quaint customs    peculiar    to   them-  -sc'ivi's for���iustnnco,_at_Mnirdalcn a  choir always chants a Latin hymn at  dawn of May 1. This custom dates  back-500 years. At Merlon college  when dinner is oi er thc senior follow"  strikes the table three times with a  trencher. The sound biings up the  butler, who then enters in a book  what each man has received from the  buttery. Then tho grace cup is handed round, and, the trencher being  struck once more, the Bible clerk  say3 grace.  Queen's college, literally a favorite  of England's Queen, cherishes several  customs that ha\c been little changed within a century. Every Now  Year's duy thc college bursar presents to each student a needle and  thread colored blue, red and yellow  and says, "Tako this and bo thrifty."  Oxford in general is one of tho expensive centres of education. Tho  rent of college rooms is loafer there  than at Cambiidgc, but in nil other  lespetts demands upon tho purse aro  much higher.  A >eir Klnil of steallnc.  Adulteration of food and drink is  tho meanest and most injuiious form  of theft conceivable, as there is no  means of punishing the crime and  gieut difficulty in discovering it. Is  it not time that some member of  Parliament moied in the dnection of  haling a law plated on the statute  books that would provide for the  punishment of adulteration the same  as any other felony, i It would be  easily done, as few politicans would  cat e to bc> omc dctcndci s of adulteration practices.���The Toiler.  INTERNATIONAL ROWING.  Lurif O'llrlrn, Lord Chief Justice  of Ir*.  lend, <>lvrt it llouuiiful Cup fur a  Knee on the lllver Lee.  A beautiful silver cup has been given by Lord O'Brien, Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, for an international"  rowing race to be contested. next  July on tho river Lee. Tho cup is ot  silver, and Is suid to be one of th��  pretiiest and most tasteful things of  ils kind in existence. An idea of its  beauty and value may be gathered  when it is stated that the trophy  cost the donor and his associates no  less than SI.200. Thc cup is in the  form of a vase rising from a circular  base ornamented with a bnnd of Celtic tracery. From this base proceeds  a slender, tapering stein composed of  three intertwining dolphins. From  the stem springs the'body of tbe cup  LORO   O'BlilEN'S INTBIUKTIONAL   nOWINO  CUP.  proper, wliich is divided into two  sections, the lower part hcing enriched with four winged sea horses,  forming flying buttresses, while tho  upper portion is profusely decorated  with draped flags, oars, shells, and  marino plants, in tho midst of which  aro two shields in the form of life  buoys. Seated on either side are.tho  figures of a. merman and a mermaid,  tho latter resting against the edge  of the lid, round which runs a border of shamrock leaves. Tho entire  design is surmounted by a group  composed of Neptune, with his , trident, driving a team of sea horses.  Lord O'Brien is highly "pleased with  the cup, and will himself make the  speoch of presentation to the fortunate winners.  VCUy Onu ls Uakrful.  Every cause capable of increasing  tho amount of blood ordinarily circulating through the brain has a  tendency to causo wakefulness, says  Tho Popular Scienco News. If 'the  brain is often kept for long periods  on the stretch, during which th��  vessels are filled to replotion, they  cannot contract even when the exciting causes cease. Wakefulness, as  a consequence, results, and every  day tho condition of the individual  becomes worse becauso timo bringt  the force ��� of habit into operation.  Everything that tends to throw the  blood unduly to the brain or to accumulate it there should bo avoided.  This is a vital matter, and prevention is better than cure.  Tight or ill fitting articles of dress,  especially about tho neck or waist,  and tight boots and shoes, should be  discarded. The feet should bo kept  warm so that the circulation ,may be  promoted. Wearing cork soles in the  boots or shoes and changing the  socks every day aro excellent means  to this end" and strongly recommended, Apart, however, from physical  causes, there are ..yarious moral  causes acting on the brain equally  inimical to sleep. Whatever kcopa,  th ��� attention fully aroused keeps the  l.lood vessels of the brain distended,  and the consequences of tbat we  know. On the other hand, when the  attention begins to flag tho tendency  is for the vessels to contract and for  sleep to ensue.  limine for Quern's Nursing; Sisters.  The new bndge for 1902, which has  just boon adopted by Queen Alexandra's Order of Naval Nursing Sis-  tors, is ono of tho prettiest dovice��  in all the Red Cross service. It con-  A  BADOK FOR QUEFN" AI I XAXDIU's ORDER OF|  NURSING   SISTERS.  sists of an Imperial crown, a goldl  anchor, and the Queen's monogianll  in led, and a ied cioss on a nhilej  giound ended by a gold ling As*  their namo indicates the nuises olf  the order are devoted to tho workl  of tho navy and aio under the spa-f  cial protection of the Queen  I - ��� THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER, B. C.  SCIENCE SIFTINGS.  ' Saturn's largest moon ls ?,002 miles  in diameter, slightly smaller than eur  own.  Jupiter is one and a half times larger  than nil tbe rest of tbe planets put together.  In size the sun equals 1,300.000  earths, but owing to Its smaller density  Its weight equals only 300,000 earths.  Careful scientific Investigations show  that the average speed of the transmission of earthquake shocks Is nearly 10,-  001) feet per second.  Zinc expands up to the melting point  A bar of hammered zinc six Inches long  will expand l.l(N> of nu Inch ln raising tbe temperature 100 degrees R  Tbe sun gives liuu.000 times as much  light as tbe full moon, "7.000.000,000  times as much its the brightest star In  the sky aud 3D,00u,00O times us much  as all tbe combined stars of the heavens.  The latest theory ln connection with  drowning is tbnt no water enters tbe  Juris and tbat beat properly applied,  with artificial respiration, will resuscitate persons wbo huve been under water for an hour. This feat has been ric-  r-compllsbed by the doctor who advances  tbe theory.   St. Pctcr'o.  St. Peter's is in tbo form of n cross.  It is C30 feet long by 430 foet wide.  Tbe dome ls 448 feet high.  If You Could Look  Into the future and see the  condition to which your  cough, if neglected, will  bring you, you would seek  relief at once���and that  naturally would te through f  Shiloh's  Consumption  Cure  SHILOH cures Consump-  tion, Bronchitis, Asthma,  and all Lung Troubles.  Cures Coughs and Colds  in a day. 25 cents.  Guaranteed.   1ARKET REVIEW.  A THOUSAND THANKS  Write to S. C. Wans & Co., Toronto,  Can., for free trial bottle.  Karl's Clover Root Ten purifies tbe Blood  Snnfces In England.  Of tbe 1,300 different species of  snakes which are now known to natu-  rulists the great innjorlty are not poisonous, and of the four kinds of snakes  or suakcliko creatures which inhabit  England only one is venomous.  Milk Germs,  ���  Tbe bacteria in tbe best milk number from 10,000 to 100.000 ln each teaspoonful. while In the worst the number is from 4.000,000 to 000.000,000.  You often hear peoplo say: "Blast  my luck! " Ever hear them praise  their luck? Is there such a thing as  good luck.  HALCYON HOT SPRINGS, B. C.  Without question the best and  most effective springs in Canada for  the cure of rhouraatlsm, kidnoy or  liver troubles. Tho medicinal qualities of the .water aro unequalled.  Splendid hotol accommodation ; fine  fishing and hunting. An ideal spot  for tho invalid.  WIHE WOUNDS.  My mare, a very valuable one, -was  badly cut mid bruised by being  caught io a wire fence. Some of tho  ���wounds would not heal, although I  tried many different medicines. Dr.  Bell advised mo to use MINAHD'S  LINlMIflXT, diluted at first, then  stronger as the sores began to look  better, until, after three weeks, the  sores havo healed, and best of all the  hair is growing well, and is not  white, ns is most always tlho case in  ' horso wounds. '  -      P. M. IJOUCET.  Weymouth.  It often happens that tho straight  of a crooked story i.s not very interesting. - .   .  HGIABD'3 LMEfT I" "SU ij PHySlClans.  TIER PECULIARITY.  "You must  Iind   that impediment  ��� in your speech rather inconvenient at  times, Mr. Barnes."  "Oh,  everybady  lias  his  little  peculiarity; stammering is m-iuine."  "Well,   really,   I   was not   awn re  Hint I had any peculiarity."  "Do you  s-stir y-your  t-tca    with  y-yoiir r-r-right hand?"  "Why, yes, of course."  ��� "W-well that is y-your p-p-peculi-  arlty���m-most p-poople ,u-use  n t-tea  s-s-spoon."  "SHAKE, OLD BOY I"  An exchange tells of a lady who  decided to scare her hard drinking  husband so that he would reform.  To do this she procured the costumo  of a devil, which she saw at a masquerade. The next time the erring  spouse came home feeling happy, she  donned the costume. As ho opened  tho door sho stepped forward and  said, in a sepulohral tone :  "Come with mc; I am the devil !"  The reply to her greeting was :  "Zat so ? Shake, old boy ! I'm  your brother-in-law; I married your  sister." >.  BRIGHT BABIES.  Aro a Joy to Mothers and a Treasure in tho Home.  Fever and ague and biliouu derangements  aro positively cured by tho use of Purcieloo's  Pills. 'Ihey not only cleanse tboBtomueb  end bowels from all bilious matter, but they  opon tho oxcrotory vessels, causing them to  pour copious effusions from tho blood into  tlio bowels, after which tha corrupted mo- b  is thrown out by the natural passage of tho  bod v. They aro ujed as a general family  medicine wilh tho bost results.  All babies should bo bright, good  nutiired and well. If you havo a  child that is sickly, fretful,.nervous,  restless at nig'ht, or suffers from  stomach or bowel troubles of any  sort, give it Baby's Own Tablets and  it will soon be well. There is no  other medicine in the world will so  safely and speedily sure indigestion,  sour stomach, colic, constipation,  diarrhoea and teething" troubles.  Thousands of grateful mothers speak  of this medicine in words of warmest praise. Mrs. Fred Power, IS  Stollnrd street, Toronto, says: "My  bnby suffered greatly from indigestion. She was pale and very thin and  would cry with pain in the stomach, anil sometimes would not sleep  either day or night. I got a box of  Baby's Own Tablets, and they havo  made a great change in my little  ono. She now digests her food readily; is not troubled with the pain  in the stomach, and has grown quite  plump. I do not know of any medicine that can equal Baby's Own  Tablets for little ones." '  This medicine is quurantced to contain neither opiate or other harmful drugs. Children take the .tablets  as readily as candy and crushed to a  powder they can be given to the  smallest, weakest baby. Sold at all  drug stores, or sent post paid at  23c a box by addressing the Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville, Out.,  or Schonectndy, N.Y.  . Some peoplo will lose five dollars  for the privilege of attending to  your business.  The county of London-has .33,008  persons to the square mile, tho  county of Westmorland 84:.  How's This?  Wo oSw Ono Hundred Dollars Howard 'or  env easi rf Catnrra tua. cannot be curod by  Hall's Cutnrru Curo.  -i"8J."i;IIENay &(X>.7Pr6ptrTolodoror  _W8, tho uuuorslgcod havo iuowu F J.  Cnonor for tho lns,t 13 soars, nnd holiovo hlni  Perfectly Iiouorab o in all busmoss transactions,  and financially nblo lo curry out nay obliantin-  . mndo by tlieir iinr.  Wbst &TKUAS, Wholosalo Druggists. Toledo,  g. Waldino, Kisiua dilUuvu,-, Whole��alo  Drngglsts, Toledo, O  Hall's Catarrh Cure is takon intornally. act-  tagdlroctly upon Iho blood and mucous surfaces  of, the system. 1'rlco 15c. per bottlo. Bold by  all drngKist*. T,",| Imonials froo.  Uall'a Fuudly 1'ilU am tho bost.  Snow Fortlflcntlong.  A snow wall four foet thick ls a pep.  fret protection ngulnst a rifle bullet at  fifty yards distance.  Oh, well, time drags on now, but  think of the time when your only  way of measuring it will be by tho  medicine you tuke.  One trial of of Mother Graves' Worm E.\.  terminator will eonv nee jou that It has no  equal as a worm med cine. Buy u buttle  und seo if it docs not plcuso you.  The market for Manitoba wheat  has been somewhat stagnant. Wheat  is not in demand by exporters,prices  being out of line, but a good deal of  spot wheat has been needed  to cover contracts on May sales and  has tended to hold prices up. Latterly spot wlieat has fetched from  Vi to 14c over Juno delivery. At the  close of Saturday's business values  wore us follows : 1 hard, 751,4c; 1  northern, 7.'3Vic: 2 northern, 71%c, in  store. Fort William, delivery first  hall of June. No buyers for later  delivery.  Liverpool Wheat���No. 1 northern  closed on Saturday at Cs 5d.  FLO Ult���Hungarian patent $3.15  per sack of 98 pounds; Glonora, S2 ;  Alberta, SI.83; Manitoba, SI.70 ;  and XXXX. S1.25.  GROUND FEED���Oat chop, per  ton, S20; barley chop, $24.; mixed  barley and oats, S27; oatmeal feed,  $13.50; oil cake, $.'30.  M1LLFEED���Bran, in bulk, is now  worth S10 per ton, and shorts SI 9.  OATS���Tliero is nn active demand  for Oiits for shipment and the market Is firmer. No. 2 white oats  Fort William, 41c per bushel; No. 1  white, in car lots on track, Winnipeg, por bushel, 45c; No. 2 white,  41 to 42c; feed grades, 38 to H9c ;  seed onts, 50. At country points  farmers arc getting 29c to 31c for  No. 2 white oats  BARLEY���There has been a good  demand for seed barley and tho market is ilrmor. Supplies are very  light. We quoto 46 to 48c for seed  grades, and 42 to 45c for feed, in  car lots, en track, Winnipeg.  FLAXSEED���Dealers are nuking  $2.00 per bushel for seed flax.  HAY���Receipts are light, and the  market is SI higher at $8 to $9 per  ton for fresh baled. Loose hay is  not odering to any extent.-  POULTRY���Live chickens are com-  iim in rather freely, and aro now  selling at 73 cents a pair, with prospects of- lower prices next week.  Turkeys are worth lie por pound  live weight. Ducks and geeso are  not offering.  BUTTER��� Crcumcry-��-Fresh made  creamery butter is now commencing  come in und is worth ISc per pound  at factory points.  BUTTER���Dairy receipts are be.  coming quito liberal, as pasture is  now getting good in the country and  tho cows are giving more milk. Farmers' wives have also moro time  now to make butter, and they aro  able to 'market it. The market " is  weaker, and 1 cent below its levol  of a week ago. Wo quote fresh made  dairy, in tubs or rolls at 13c por lb  commission basis here, for best quality. Inferior grades rule lower according to quality. The market Ls  completely baro of old stock.  CHEESE���Dealers aro olTering 11%  cents for new -Manitoba cheese, delivered  in AVinnipeg. ,  EOIGS���The market has declined an-  are paying 10y��c per dozen for fresh  caso eggs, delivered in Winnipeg.  POTATOES���Farmers' loads doi  livered in Winnipeg, 25c per bushel.  DRESSED MEATS���Beef is very  scarce, and has advanced y2c this  week. Beef, city dressed, per pound,  S to 9c; veal, 7'/2 to S'/fcc; mutton,  10c; spring lambs, each S3.50 to  S4.D0; hogs,  por pound, 7"i to S'/ic.  Hides���No. 1 city hides, GVaC No.  5'iC. No. 3. 41A. Kips ond calf, the  same price as hides; dcakins, 25 to  40c; slunks, 10 to 15c; horso-hides,  SOc to SI.  WOOL is worth fii^c per pound for  Manitoba  unwashed  flecre.  SHXECA ROOT���Tiie market is expected to open at about SOc per  pound.  JEAN BOIVUE IS_VERY HEARTY  IN HIS EXPRESSIONS OF  GRATITUDE.  In Graceful Sentences He Pours Out  His Praise of Dodd's Kidney Pills  the Remedy Wliich Has Done So  Much For Ilim.  St. Elzpar, Que., Juno 2.���(Special)  ll is a well known characteristic of  our French Canadian people that  they are fearless and enthusiastic in  llieir praise of anything or anybody  that has befriended them.  No one is more callable of moro  gracefully expressing gratitude than  the average French gentleman.  A recent case illustrates this point.  Mons. Jean Boivtio has for many  years been afllicted with a terrible  malady of the kidneys.  He suffered a vory great deal of  pain, and liis disease forced him to  rise every hour during tho night.  lie was advised to use Dodd's Kidney Pills, and after taking a short  treatment, found himself completely  cured.  His gratitude knew no bounds,and  ever since he has recommended to all  his friends tho wonderful remedy  which cured him so promptly and  completely.  When ho finds anyone who has no  confidence in them, bis first act is to  givo them some pills, and explain to  them how to use them,  and bo has  found  this method  very soon    convinces the most skeptical of thotruth  of    the   statement   he    makes   that  Dodd's Kidney Pills are tbo greatest  medicine in the world.  Mons. Boivue says :  "Dodd's Kidney Pills aro good.  "I know this because while at one  time I sudoral  very severely    from  Kidnoy Disease, now I am well.  "Not long ago I used to havo to  get up several times during the  night, now 1 can sleop well all night  without rising.  "Yon can believe me, I am glad to  have regained my health, and I say  thanks 11 thousand times to Dodd's  Kidney Pills."  W. W. OGILVIE KfigLLiraC CO,  By Royal Warrant Millers to  H. R. K. THE PR1P-JGE OF WALES.  QGILVIE'S HUNGARIAN  The World's Bost Family Flour.  QGILVIE'S GLENORA PATENT  The World's Beit Baker's Flour.  ASK    FOR   OOILVIE'S  WHEN BUYIHC WHY NOT CET THE BEST 7  PURE  READY   . _ MiXED  FOR  ELEVATORS    OARRIACES  BARNS WAGONS  HOUSES OIL.   AND  ~~*l-OORS VARNISH     '  ROOFS STAINS  PAINT FOR ALL PURPOSES.  Sold and Guaianteed by  VANCOUVER,  MACPIIA1L & CO.  B.  C.  All the News Every Day  Your friend is so quiet,  blab youi- enemy Is I  But what  Cannot Be Boat.���Mr. D. Slelnbuek.  Zurich, writes:���"I huve u<=cd Dr. Thomas'  '"electric Oil in my family for 11 ��� uunibor ot  yeius, iini I can tiifcly say thnt it cannot be  boat for ihe cine of cioup, fiesh cuts and  Hii.ilns. My littlo bov has had uttuebs of  eiuup several limes, and oue dose of Dr.  '1 liom-.s' Kclcctric Oil was eufllciont for u  Infect ouie. I lako grout plcasuio in rce-  iiiainouaing it 11= a family medicine, and  uould 1101 be without a bottle in my house."  A cemetery widower is always  gayer than a court house widower.  .Somejiow,^.the_court_house_widower-  is stilll a little afraid of her.  MINARD'S LINIMENT LutelM'" Rial  There is many a merry ha! ha! at  your expense that you don't know  about.  Monkey Brand Sonp cloans kitchen utensils, stool, iron and tinware, knives aad  forks, and all kinds of outlcry. ��  Vlncirnr an n Solvent For Glue.  For nil the llsh glues vinegar is n  good solvent. When gluing a piece of  woodwork, if any particles of glue get  on places where It Is iiot desired wet a  bitof cloth with vinegar nnd rub It off.  If the glue in the bottlo becomes too  "thick, thin it with vinegar rather tliun  water..  Swim Salt Mine*.  Switzerland 1ms at Bex salt mines  ���which have been worked for 848 years.  The galleries are twenty-five milee ln  length and thc profit $75,000 a year.  The only applause a married woman gets is that from her kin when  sho successfully fools hor husband.  Infantile Deaths.  Ninety-six per cent of all deaths from  ���whooping cough and 90 per cent of  deaths from measles occur ln children  under five years old.  Beforo marriage a man considers  his bost girl a littlo dear; after marriage he usually considers her a littlo extravagant.  Rich  Poods,  Figs, dates, rulslns and prunes are  rich food substances of a most nutritious character. When deprived of  skliis nnd seeds, they nro very digestible. Nuts are rich In fnt nnd form n  very wholesome food, with whicli,  however, there sliould be taken fruit  or otlier bulky food to prevent concentration.  Mount  S'cKlnler.  The highest mountain peak In North  America Is called Mount McKlnley. It  Is iu Alaska, aud It Is SO.itH feet high.  LIVE STOCK.  CATTLE��� Beef    cattlo    continues  CATTLE��� l~at cattle are still  scarce and badly wanted in the local  market. The pasture is getting better and grass cattle will soon be  available. Reports from thc west  say that many young cattle have  perished in the recent storms in Alberta, but that otherwise the  cattle are doing well and getting plenty of pasturo. Butchers  are now "paying a full o'/iC  for best animals, and from that  down to 4;>4c for inferior grades.  Stockers aro going west in considerable numbers. Yearlings are worth  as high as 516 per head at point of  shipment. Two-year-olds are bringing $20 to S22 per head.  ���SHEEP���Ab~out~5~t~o"5"4c~p~cr~Ib_is~  tho value oil cars, Winnipeg.  HOGS���Best packers' weights 6"t,c  per pound off cars, Winnipeg. Other  grades bring proportionate prices.  MILCH COWS��� Cows are very  scarce, and good milkers readily  bring $45 ,each in this market. As  most of the stock offerings aro poor,  they bring less money, the range being from $35 to $45.  HORSES���Tliero is a good steady  demand for horses for both farm and  general use, and dealers Iind no dilli-  culty in disposing of all thoy can secure The market is being hugely  supplied from Ontario. There aro  some Montana horses selling. Prices  continuo high.  Thooloey ni He Understood It.  Passengers in an uptown car one afternoon last week were very much entertained and amused by a discussion  of tilings spiritual by two colored passengers. As tho debate waxed warmer  the voices of tho debaters grew louder  until what was said wns plainly audible to nil In the car. After each had  made a confession of faith and given  his views of the means whereby mortal  man could gain salvation one of the  pair blurted out in atone tbnt Implied  tlmt all his hope for the next world  wns embodied ln tho words:  "Well, sah, I h'llove dat what's gwine  to be is sho'ly gwine to be."  "Huh," grunted his companion contemptuously, "den yp' b'lieves in pre-  uieditasbun."  Is what you get if you have  TOKONTO  CANADA'S LEADING NEWSPAPER  Coming into your homo regularly. You can have-it for $2.00 per annum by  taking adviintngo of tho  GREAT HALF-PRICE OFFER  made to everyone living west of North Bay. The regular price is $4.00.  By cutting out this advertisement and sending it with $2.00 -you  can have it for a whole year. Address: THE GLOBE, Toronto.  Thv   l.lmlt.  "And tbe railway company agrees to  settle by paying me ?o,000, does it?"  said tbe man who had been injured.  "How much of it do I get?"  "Vou get all of It," said tbe lawyer,  "and you pay mc what you please. It  didn't take me Ave minutes to get a  settlement out of them."  This. O render, ls no fancy sketch.  There nre ��� limits to the imaginative  faculty of the human mind.  A Help 10 Early Rising.  Milkman-Vou're up unusually early  this moi'iilhx. .lolinuy.  .lohmiy iwithout looking up from bis  dime uovi'li���Veli. Mom sent uie to  bed last nlidit Just ns Pretty Pete wns  about 10 rescue the lovely maiden.  A Poanltile Solution.  "I believe that house ls haunted. The  tenant says he hears some one rapping  on the-walls nt night.��� ���   "Maybe Its walls are covered with  wrapping paper."  Glnaa.  A method of quickly rendering glass  transparent during the process of manufacture cousists In forcing Into the  melted mnterlnls a stream of oxygeu  gas, the enormous heat generated oxidizing all deleterious mnterlnls.  . - Piar Power.  In some of the funning districts of  China pigs nre harnessed to small wagons nnd made to draw them.  It Wna the Cat.  Of * B'ldden the great prima donna  Crlea, "Heavens, my.volco Is a gon��rl"  But a cat ln the wings  Cried, "I know how she sings,"  And finished the solo with honor.     s  Horse Health  is one of the most important  things for every farmer to  consider.  Dick's  Blood Purifier  will build up a run down horso.,  It tones up the system, rids  stomach of bots, worms and,  other parasites which undermine an animal's health.  50 cts. a package,  LEEMING MILES & CO.  AGENTS.     -    ���    -     MONTREAL,  Write for books on Hones aad Cattl*.  IT IS FREE.  EDDY'  MATCHES  ^fcc  FOR SALE  EVERYWHERE  U Try our Parlor Matches.  They produce a quick Light  without any objectionable  fumes. :::::::::::::::  THE EB. EDDY Co, Limited  Hull, Canada.  Prevented and Cured,  Four marvelous freo remedies for a!I  suKercrs reading this paper. New  cure forTuberculosls.Consump.  tlon, Weak Lungs, Catarrh,  and a rundown system.  Do you cough ?  Do your lungs pain you ?  Is your throat sore and inflamed?  Do you spit up phlegm?  Does your head ache ?  Is your appetite bad ?  Arc your lungs'delicateP  Are you losing flesh?  Are you pale and thin ?  Do you lack stamina ?  These symptoms are proof that yon  have in your body the seeds of the most  dangerous malady that has ever devastated the earth���consumption.  You are invited to test what this system will do for  you. if you arc sick, by writing for a  FREE TRBAL. TREATMENT  and the Four Free Preparations will bo forwarded you  at once, with complete directions for use.  t The Slocum System is a ppu'ttvo euro forConsump.  tion, that most insidious disease, and for all Lunfr  Troubles and Disorders, complicated by Loss ol  Flesh, Coughs, Catarrh, Asthma, Eronchitis aud  Heart Troubles.  Simply r.rite to the T. A. Slocum Chemical  Company, Limited, 179 King Stnxt West, Toronto,  giving post office and express address, and the frcq  medicine (the Slocum Curc)i��ill be promptly sent.  Persons in Canada seeing Slixrum's free offer iq  American pancni will please bend for samples ta  Toronto.     Mention this paper*  All   IlnmlK   Smnklnii;  Tolweco Is in 'IVIiunhtepee n jwe.it  industry. One evening some of our  party of sixteen were kindly given n  night's shelter, Mexican fashion, nt a  hacienda or farmhouse. Hotels, except In tho large towns, are unknown.  It wns nbout 9 p. in. when we arrived.  Sitting on tho wide veranda to receive  us we beheld the entire family. On the  right of the door was the lady of the  house in n white cotton gown, smoking  a cigar. Helow her wero tho daughters  nud handmaidens, also smoking. On  the otlier side of tho door wus the  ranchcro or master himself, with his  sons and manservnnts. Every one was  employed in rolling the tobacco leaf  iuto cigars, and every one wns smoking, Including n llttlo boy not quite  three years old, who had a full sized  cigar ln his baby mouth, while In his  left hand he held a banana from which  ho took bites between the puffs, occasionally stppplug to play with a small  puppy dog.'  "Docs ho often smoke?" I nsked ln  amazement.  "SI, seuorn. He smokes three or four  cigars n daj". All our children hnvo  done so nt that ago." Adaptability of  temperament to climate!  COPYRIGHT  ���"~ * '  .^^��Ct��l��v*wn,'��  POOR    KID  The nasty pipe made him sick.  A nico sweet  LUCINA CIGAR  would havo mude him happy.  MANUFACTUnKn   BV  GEO. F. BRYAN & CO WINNIPEG  The Office Specialty Mfg. Co. L". Toronto  MAlTCFAOTiniUllS   0�� '  SHANNON FILING CABINETS,  LAND DOCUMENT FILE CABINETS,  CARD INDEX CABINETS.  ThcbO Cahinots savo timo and roonoy,    An of*  jlco not comploto without them.  P. 0. BOX 393, ' E. R. HAMBLY,  Winnipeg, Man. Mgr. Western Branch  Wo    imagine    that    the two most  grucsonio~tnsks_in"ihe~world~would~  be to shave a dead man and curl tho  hair of a dead woman.  One cent wise  One dollar foolish  To use any but the best  Ask for the Oclagon Bar  Knowledge embraces many subjects; but after nil there is only one  subject thut is really worth embracing���woman I  Vi. N. U. No. 3S0.  New York's CItr Hnll.  New York city hall is only thirty-six  feet above the sea level.  144,063 English children under 14  years of ago ore wag-e-earners, out  of tho 5,001,249 who attend school.  How readily you are fooled by. the  smooth stranger! But your noigh-"  bor enn't fool you; you watch him.  }  m  I  I  *  v ��� V.�� ���'���i'.iv,- '���'.���i~->y:*tt&>&a>y   !"���<,,    ��������  ,1 ',V   ���!     \-  . THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY JULY *1!>'-'  I  I:  g��������������g������(j^^  We have 40 pieces of Plain and Fancy Ribbons  ���pure silk, worth up to 50c a yard. While they  last you can have your choice for 25c yard.  lo     VV ��  (Successor to Scott ����� Kennedy)  303 Hastings Street,       Vancouver, S. C.  ��� ���  /I  Ladies and Gentlemen will  find our stock complete.  We want your business.  Give us a call.  THE PATERSON SHOE G0.fLD  301 Hastings St.  lEWSOF-TflElABORWOIHD  CANADA.  The  total  homestead  entries  in  the  Northwest- for the past year   numbsr  o'14,832.  The carpenters tit Brandon havo organised, with 20 members.-  ./James; Smith has been eloeteil president of the Hamilton Trades and    Labor Council.  Chinese  laundries     in  Toronto now  number 120, three times as many as the  "white.    A $>0 tax is now being imposed,  '   as at 'Montreal.  The ship laborers of the Leyland line  at Quebec demanded 37 1-2 cents an  hour, and the company was willing to  pay onljj 20 cents, so the men struck.  At Toji'onto the contractor who ih  clearing the right-of-way for the first  twenty miles of the Temlskamingue  railway complains of the great scarcity  of labor.  Tho   Ottawa   'Typographical   Union  passed"a resolution that a man cannot  ���lie a union man at one trade and not  1   at another.   It was aimed at union men  .���who'.play witli a non-union band.  The Cooks' and Walters': union of  Nelson, has changed its style, and will  hereafter be known as the Culinary  Employees' Protective Association of  West Kootchny, No. 141,"A. L.���U. Its  jurisdiction has been extended over the  above named district, and' It iIs its Intention to send its representative to  Kossland in the near future in order  to organise the culinary employees of  that city. The association reports that  the Chinese employed in Nelson are on  the decrease.  A Calgary despatch says that the  Carpenters' union has come to an agree  ment with Mayor Underwood, who is  one; of the largest'and most representative, contractors in,that city, and as far  as he Is concerned,' the strike Is over.  The men state that Mr: .Underwood ihas  behaved throughout In a most gentlemanly manner. ; He has been .very reasonable In.his attitude, and they say he  . has been the flrst:man interested who  has token, actual steps to bring the  strike to a finish. , The strike Is still  on as far as. tlie other contractors are  concerned, who have not made a satisfactory settlement with the men.  The regular semi-annual election of  officers of Grenwood Typographical  union, No. 33S, was held in the News  office at Grand Forks, on.Sunday after-  noonT- Tlu~~f611owin~g~onicers"were elected and installed for the ensuing term:  President, G. A. Evans, of Columbia;  vice-president, A. D. Hill, of Phoenix;  secretary-treasurer, J. L. Melklo, of  Grand Forks; sergeant-at-arms, E. L.  Hall, of Grand Forks; executive committee, A. D. Hall, of   Phoenix, chalr-  iTfoe ��a6t 1  iof Life  is business. Wo want moro of  it. We'll net it if tin out und out  bargain will fetch it.  flow Is This  A two-quart  Hot Water Bottle  or  Fountain Syringe  75c.  1 Tlie McDowell, Atkins,  i      Watson Co., Ltd. Liability |  �� UP-TO-DATE DRUGGISTS. ��  man; E. D. Hall and Lee Tutt, of  Grand Forks. Greenwood Typographical union compriseso all the union  printers in the Boundary, and is in a  flourishing condition.  The Cooks' and Walters' union at  Phoenix, B. C, have elected the following oflicers: Past president, D. Dean;  president, R, Lorah; vice-president,  Lizzie Cuthbertson; financial-secretary,  Maud, Newport; recording-secretary,  Lizzie Tdsche; treasurer, Annie Pierce;  sergeant-at-arms, A. M. Paterson; conductor, L. Gagner; guardian, B.H.  Shirling; auditing committee, S. F. Palmer, A. Kobloth, D. Dean.  9 ?,  I        Andrew Carnegie's Library.        |  UNITED  STATES.  The Kentucky Legislature has enacted a child labor law with a fourteen-year age limit.  ������Tha teamsters of, Salt Lake City,  Utah, have struck for eight hours and  a raise of fifty cents.per *ay.  Nearly ��� evory steamer .from the,Hawaiian Islands brings Japanese laborers by hundreds to the Pacific Coast.  Brooklyn Bakers' Union, wages aro  $20 a week, with 30 cents an hour for  overtime, for men working at the  benches.  ": At a meeting Monday of the striking  employees of the street car line to  Oregon City and Mount Scott, it was  decided to continue the strike.  Several hundred salesladies of San  Francisco have organized and applied  for, a charter, from the Retail Clerks'  'lntcrnationl Protective Association.  Forty-nine thousand pairs of shoes  per day are turned out by the convicts of "Virginia,..and> the contractors  get this labor for 41 cents a day per  head.  The report itsued by the Bureau of  Labor of Now York shows that In 1900  no less than 1,000 workers were killed  outright In that state and 40,000 injured.  Charles H.-. Litehman, former secretary-treasurer of the Knights of Labor  and later a member of the industrial  commission!' died suddenly, in Washington, D. C, of typhoid fever.  Fifty reporters, representing every  paper in Chicago, met on June 27 and  formed a union,which Is to be auxiliary to the Typographical Union. It  is proposed to take in editors and special writers.  Brockton, Mass., is the largest shoe  city in the world, producing about $25,-  000,000, worth / of  shoes  in  a year.   It  71'  71"  ���  I  l  9,  7ti  9  There's a scent on the hooks of dead ir.en's 'joncs,  And a splatter of blood over all;  There's a rough ragged hole in each leaf you turn,  Like the wound 'rom a .rifleman's ball.  There's the last gqsp of men shot down at command  Of this generous and gracious mun;  There the blood and the groan, the grief and the shame���  You picture it, any who can"  There's a picture of Homestead���will we ever forget  How those brave, ragged melt were deViiseleanly slain���  Wero slaughtered like beasts, like'poor hunted beasts,  liy Carnegie's will and for Carnegie's gain.     '  Will wo ever forget how the mothers ami wives  In their rugs aud their woe knelt down in tlio dust,  And clasped their loved dead then, just as they fell  By rifleman's.ball.or bayonet's thrust? "-  Will we ever forget how the press of tlie land  Made light of the slaughter liy saying, "The clead  Were foreign-born men, who, in impudence, asked  -:  Tor tlie right to bo living and earning tlieir bread?"  Will wo over forget how in sweatshop and mine,  The fathers and mothers"and children are slain?   ���.  How virtue is battered and childhood is crushed  By Carnegie's will and for Carnegie's gain?  How the skeleton babes, at tlie milkless breast,  Give their poor little lives to his greed?   .".  Hoiv the girls on the street ami tliu mothers', hi'rags  .-.-, Are reflecting on his generous (?) deeds?  .    ' ' ������ '��� ..-'"-���" ' ���������      <:������-���''  And this is his gift, all reeking with blood,  ;  The gift that he proffers'"with arrogant hand;  Tliis is his penance for murder and lust:"  ,     This is his jest to,the slaves of the,land!  .But books are not dumb; they have eloquent tongues''.:  To tell you their pitiful story��� ..;;���:  ���How tho bodies and souls of women and men  Have:built hiin his'temple .of glory.  ..:.-'���   ,���.'���,'  How tlio walls are of hones and cemented with blood,   :  ���'���=*=.-. And wet with tlio dropping of tears;  Of hearts that liave broken for wrongs, unwritten  These hundreds and hundreds of years.  ���9-      ���'���AlJPE.T SOKEKSOX.'  9.  ^'^���S^K*;^"*****^^  ~V  I  $  it>  i  1  '9  I  3  Vi  ;i9M  and their employees. There is not the  slightest probability of a strike among  the firemen on that road."  ! For the first time in its history, the  largest plate-glass and window glass  industries, which are located at Pittsburg, Pa,, have decided to shut down  for two months, throwing 10,000 men  out of employment. This shut-down Is  in accordance with an agreement of  large producers to force smaller concerns Into line.  ; President XV. D. Mahon of the Amalgamated Association of Street Railway  Employees, is accompanying President  Gompers and other officials o�� the A.  F- of L. in their tour to the Pacific  coast. Mr. Mahon will visit all the  large cities en'route for,the purpose of  forming unions of street railway employees where none exist at present."  . A western senator said the other day  that he wanted more than a thousand  men on the railroad he is building'in  Utah, and was unable to get anything  like that number. "As rapidly as I  employ men in New York," said he,  " and pay their transportation to the  west, they are stolen from me by farmers and mine owners, who are paying  $3 a day now."  also pays the highest wages ln the  world, the average at the present being  f 590 a year, or 20 per cent, higher than  its nearest competitor.  Jaw. F. McHugh, editor of the Stonecutters' Journal, has Issued a statement that Chicago Stonecutters' Union,  No. 2, known as the "Contractors'  Union," will never be recognized by the  International union. The latter will  hold a convention In Chicago this  month.  Secretary Bramwood of the Interna  tlonal Typographical Union paid per  capita tax on 42,144 members to tho  American Federation of Labor for-tho  month of (May this year. This ls the  largest number of members the organization has had since Its foundation 6!)  years ago.  J. J. Hannahan, grand master of the  United Brotherhood of Locomotive  Firemen of "America, while visiting  Chattanooga,; Tenn., Sunday, said:  'The Rock Inland route is one of the  greatest roads that is thoroughly in  touch with the workings of locomotive  firemen, and the greatest friendship exists between the officials of the roads  FOREIGN.  The Servant Girls' Union of England  has decreed that its members sliall  neither receive as a present nor buy  any book which does not bear the  union label.  The textile operatives in Northeast  Lancashire, England, have decided by  a large majority to bring out a candidate to oppose the sitting member lor  Slitherae, Sir Ughtrey Kay-Shuttle-  worth, and to support the candidate  from the union funds.  John Hayes Hammond has estimated  that within one year after resumption  of work in the South African mines  the increase in the production of gold  will-rise to nearly $100,000,000, and that  within three years It will probably  reach the  $120,000,000  flguro.  The~lnvomion-of-Horr-"~jelin,-a-Swe-  dish engineer, for smelting steel by  means of electricity, has been tested  on a large scale at tho iron factory of  Gyslng, with perfect success.. It ls declared that electro-steel of superior  quality can be produced at the same  cost as ordinary steel. 7V-  ���In seven ten trades ln England���  spinning, weaving, printing, leather,  furniture, dyeing, watchmaking, toys,  instruments, 'food, drink, tobacco, paper, dress, earthenware, chemicals and  gas���there were In 1S41 only 4K!,000 women, employed. Fifty years later this  number had Increased to a million. In  the later years of the fifty the displacement of men has been more rapid.  It Is believed that this Increase of women in Kueli trades paves the way to  the hell of child labor.  FiROM YUKON.  Up to July" 7th the authorities at  Dawson had ibeen sending men out to  do road work; some two hundred being  needed, all told. There were for these  positions over 1,800 applications. Idle  men In the north are now the biggest  part of the population. Wages have  dropped to as low as $3 a day. The  Government, 'however, is paying the  union rate of $5 a day and board or  SO, cents an hour without board.  Last Friday night, when the ss. Yu-  koner arrived at White Horsey the  mounted police went aboard' and arrested "Whittle" yiMoore and another  gambler for; a gambling debt,which is  claimed to ihave been contracted' by  Moore in. Dawson some two years ago.  Moore went back to Dawson to fight  the case. He claims an alibi, having  been., at .San Francisco , at ,the time  having his eye treated. It Is-strange  that gambling debts should ibe legalised  in British territory.  .At present''in'.ythe; Yukon,? whenever a cook is, necessary at the police,  posts a Japanese is employed..' The salary, paid is $45 a' month. ' White cook's  receive from J10O to $125. Some of the  places employing Japanese:' cooks are  Bonanza, Grand ��� Forks, - Hunter: and.  Dominion; also at Dawson. ..'A'Japanese man and '.woman are. employed at  the" major's; headquarters and one at  the captain's- Captain Macdonald left  Skagway on Sunday.[tor the Dalton  trail ,|with a Japanese 'servant,'-who'.is  also a special constable.���';.' The Dawson  Liberal Association have protested  against the employing of Japanese by  the Dominion Government, as also: did  the miners, the latter, body having Informed. "Messrs. 'Ralph. Smith, and A.  Puttee,' M. P. P.'s, of the'same? .'-.'.;.'..'���.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fino livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow,Tttlaeo livery  stables.  C. Ellis, corner .Cambio nnd Cordova streetB, is the placo you con get  your hair cut in an artistic manner.  THE, BARBERS.  The barbers held a very successful  meeting on Wednesday night, The president, George Isaacs, was In the chair.  After reading the minutes,' four applicants for membership were received hy  the union a,nd several important com-  ~i~~unications~"were~~dealt-wltlr. Walter  Jordan was granted a retiring card.  After the business'of the session had  been disposed of, the gathering partook  of refreshments and was entertained to  several good songs and speeches, among  those taking part being Secretary  Stewart and J. H. Watson, the latter  having been called In,from the adjoining room.  aro wanted to work at the Pioneer Laundry, to whom good wages will he puiil;  working dnys of nine hours with ton  hours' i|my; . ipormnncnt" work to good  workers; every provision mado for tho  comfort of employees; lots of windows  to udinlt fresh air and a big fan to circulate It thoughoiit ,tlio\entIro building.  The sanitary nrrnngomonts are perfect;  absolute cleanliness and perfect order  are maintained; the work Ib agreeable  and not laborious. Pioneer Steam Laundry, 910-014 Richards Street.  HOTEL NORTH VANCOUVER.  A delightful summer, resort; strictly  first-class and.up-to-date in overy respect.  Terms. $2 per day, $10 per week; special  rates for families. Saddle ponies, horses  and rigs always on hand for visiting thc  Capllnnn, well known for its excellent  fishing and shooting. 'Boats fgr hire any  time, illand every Sunday afternoon.  P. LARSON, .Prop.  Gold at a Discount  .We  Models-  ait $45.00,  Is no more a Bargain ilian a Y  #65 Cleveland Bicycle at ��45.   a.  have Just a limited number of  both : Ladles'   and   Gent's *&'  -1901 make���regular $65.00 wheels, which go while they last'^y  This is the greatest wheel bargain in years. ^  ,826 Hastings St.  SOLE AGENT  '?s��:  Hardwood Mantels  Of the Latest Designs Just Arrived.  We are sijrry to have kept you waiting for this lot; ibut wo know it will pay.  you as thoy aro a beautiful collection.  '"Sole agents for the Dawson Beauty Grates.  An expert Tilo Setter to place Tiles, etc.  Show room second floor. . :  Phone 44.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 1063.  Owing  to  sizes- being broken wo aro selling oft our odd suits at; a  very big  reduction as  the prices  below will testify.  Every suit ls new this season but thero aro only one or  two  of. a  kind,   hence  this  sale:  $7.00 Suits for $4.7.".     S.50 Suits for S0.00  ---- -     "  KJUl.OO   16.00 Suits for ,*H'J4)..">0   .*M't.O<>    IT.50 Suits for *H13..*��<>  1S.50 Suits for..  .... ..  ....'14.00  ,i3.v.O Suits for..  .16.60 Suits for..  JOHNSTON, KEESFOOT ��> C��.  104- and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., Ob'i. Wm. Ralph's.  ~5SSS  KELLY, POUCbLAS & CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  ' [jgif" Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  9, "���"    '���'    '   "'  1 The Poor Workman  Is known  ' mon ���' buy  will   have  made,  keep  by  his  poor tools.     Good work-  good tools, but the best workmen  nothing   but- the   bost   that" are  We keep .both  kinds -of tools. ' We  EVERYTHING    THAT 'iS (M'iNUl~AOTUIlEn"''in'  the line, of Hardware,' Cutlery and Tools.  Telephone 432.'  | 339 Hastings Street. 1  PHONE I220A.  Carpenter and Joiner  516-518 Seymour St.  Between Pender and Dunsmuir Sts.  All kinds of work ln this llneprompt-  ly attended to.  THE PIONEER  TUB  PEOPLK'S  LAUNDRY  ^.THE . -_   1  LAUNDRY'  THAT  LAUNDERS  EQUAL  TO ANY"  LAUNDRY  IN  CANADA  OR THE  UNITED  .STATES,  m  i.X    I  | Steam Laundry  Phone 340. BIO - DM RiciiAnns St  Downtown Office, No. 4 Arcade.  white help only.  Parcels called for and delivered.  | :   GEO. HAY   : |  A Vancouver's Pioneer Clothes' A  X Renovator, mnkes b suit now. , T  A. A  X Dyeing and Repairing. T  A        210 uaubie St., Vakcodtxb.      "j��.  ��������������������� ������ O �����������<!>������ ���  The Latest Report of Tracy.  We Ihave no doubt that'If the'  detectives who are searching- for |  Tracy had a ipalr of glasses fitted '  toy our doctor of 'optics���Mr.  Allan���that there would have .  heen no lives lost. Talke the .  warning' now and^notonly save .  "the anW6yafice���iind'~"troubIe7_but~  perhaps your^ life by getting a ,  A   pair for yourself. -All examlna-  X   tlons free.  9 Tiie Jewelers and Optltlans,  9 ,4<l Cordova SI.  �����������������������������������������������  Table Cutlery  Just now we have some 'special offerings in Table Cutlery^of all kinds. ''  Dinner    and   Dessert - Knives   and-*  I*onks.        ���- ���  Tea; Dinner and Dessert Spoons, and  a full line of CARVERS.  "This ds a real: Cutlery snap. ,  R. 6. BUCHANAN *..CO.-  .      , CROCKERY AND HOUSE FimNISIIINGS,  Telephone 0AS..-i' -"   '"^09 llHstlngs Street. ���  SNSDER'S &I10E &I��RE  .  632 " GRANVILLE   STREET,  "Carries a full;line of  UNION LABEL SHOES.  The   Union ; Label   guarantees " fair"  wages.and ;good workmanship.  No Bcab-labor. '

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