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The Independent Mar 15, 1902

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 Legislative LiWy Mar. 3l|ftl  THE  ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA  . . SAVINGS   BANK . .  I     A General {Banking Business          Transacted.  CFF1CES���Hastings   Street,   W.,  "Westminster Avenue, Vancouver.  VOL. 4.  B. C. FEMArYEKT LOAA AM  SAVINGS CO.  Aiithnrlscil Cuiiiul   -   fl<>,(KVl,<UK.  SaWnl ed Capital   ���   -    1,500.000  Aueu ever     ....       300,000  Head Office 321 Cambie Street, Vancouver, B. C.       ,  VANCOUVER ft. r., SATURDAY, MARCH 15, 1902.  NO 2.1  Vice-President Lowe  Writes Entertainingly of His Recent Trip Across the Continent���President Wilson Well Received���Meeting  at Montreal ��� C.   N.   Trackmen ��� The  Telegraphers'  New   Schedule.  -   Sir,���I must not let you think. I consider promises are like j>le-eiu_it���made  to  be   broken���and  so I  send   you   a.  note.    K you .prefer to,, put it  in  thu  waste basket   there -will   be   no  haul  <fcelings,   lmt iisA  am glad   to iknow-  - many of our members are subset iters  to yaar valuable paper I will hope lt  ���may reach them witli the news it may  . conta'ln.   And llrst. I need not say how  iBlad I am oui   chief was able to take  the trip he did, and thus see for liini-  sett the men  whom ���he  represents on  tbe C. P. R.   1 am al.-�� glad that the  people have had an opportunity of seeing the man and judging from his utterances nvhether he  wus   the  unrea-  tftmable  being  he was mi.srepresentej  us being.   I need nut say that our own  -   men  had  all   their .pleasant   thoughts  ������concerning hiin more  than confirmed.  ���Hmd  the  public���whatever    their  previous   thoughts may .have    been���are  mow convinced that in  President John T. "Wilson  ���the tradkmen have ,i wise counsellor  as well as a determined leader. 1 need  .not say with what pleasure I saw the  .favorable impression 'lie minie on the  3>ublic with whom he came in contact,  mud I have already said so in our .Journal. "Well, starting with the good  send-off which Vancouver gave, Knm-  Joops was not any behind, but Revelstoke went away up ahead. After a  isplendid public, meeting -we adjourned  to tho Central hotel, -where the boys  lhad arranged with .Mine Host Ahra-  nuumson lo honor our chief with a ban-  >. quet, and till Uie small hours of .the  TOorning toast and. speccch and song  3nade a memorable night.- Golden and  Calgary -were also good, chiefly because of tlie efforts the men made to  3�� present. -Medicine Hat was our  cpiietest night, partly owing .to a  M-retSk on the division east of tho Hat;  Swift Current, too, from the same  ���cause, but Moosejaw was In' line;  Broadview*was a bumper, and OPortago  la Prairie almost made us forget Rev-  ���Blstofoe.   Do not-let me claim  A Scotcshman's Privilege  ���ot apealking till lie is understood.  Portage La Prairie almost made us ..think  we were In Revelstoke.   And, in one  (point, lt went ahead of any meeting  ���till we came to Pembroke, namely, In  llie number  of die ladles���God  bless  them���who came to greet the chieftain,  whose life is devoted1 for securing to  their homes the comforts they so well  ���deserve.   In Revelstdke, I led the boys  *ii>glnf.   to   the   toast  of    the "ladies,  ���"They're all  jolly good    fellows,"  so  fce&rtily.    I waa hoarse   for   several  ���nights afterwards.   And as I wri^e of  them,  I  think   of  them.  I feel    like  -Shouting it.out again, for "they're all  jolly good  fellows." -- "Winnipeg    left  ���siothlng to be desired.    Rat   Portage,  where we arrived after being 1C hours  from Winnipeg���awing    to   numerous  em&H accidents���was for our own men,  feeing after 11 p. m.   Fort "William was  nine.   Srhilbner and "White R-.ver ditto.  Ob.ai>leau and North Bay were for our  <"/n men, but at Mattawa, Pembroke  and Ottawa the usual programme.���o ir  ibnyis flrst, the public afterwards, was  ���can-led out.   Pembroke  Almost Takes F_rst Place,  *otti for tlie number of ladles and tha  ��ron-d ln general, but above all tlie excellent brass <band, which honored the  trackmen with the strains of "Hall to  the Chief Who ln Triumph Advances."  ���Only everywhere the .place did its best  According to Its abilities, luilght place  Pembroke first, but I do'not know but  tbat little Golden really deserves a,  ���warm a place In our recollection i-s  ���amy. Pembroke being my old division,  I 'was particularly gratified in being  able to present my old comrades to our  ��hlef. Ottawa was good. We mot tho  iboya whom I ihad often met before  when we were a little wealk, and when  -the Canadian order was trying to live,  and I was glad to return to those Who  wero the first to organize with a. ohief  and an order^-a�� ls now so well and  favorably known. At Ottawa during  the .few houis we were there we  Called on Some Old Friends,  Ing our alien troubles on the board,  and papers called for ln connection  with it. A. W. is no carpet knight, but  a working member of our Dominion  parliament. Success to him. At Montreal in a downpour of rain we met our  Montreal boys, many being detained by  flooded tracks and yards. Ilhey were  greatly pleased by the account of our  trip, and tvery heartily welcomed the  chief "home." They think he has been  so long amongst them, that he ls a  Montiealer. So now, Mr. Editor, I  have hastily skipped aver our trip. It  ihas not a single unpleasant feature,  nor accident of any kind, to mar jts  pleasure. We found the best set of  .men, or as good a set of men as the  C. OP. R. has, thoroughly organized,  sub-divisions, every roadmaster's di-  'vlsion and local protective boards on  the same. Some of these have been  very successful ln adjusting the'grievances whioh haive arisen, and, ln fact,  'A New Day Has Dawned  for our tradkmen. There was just one  spirit animating these men from Vancouver to Montreal. And if they had  'been reciting a ritual they could not  have had it more precisely in the same  words: "We do notr want another  strike If it can possibly be averted; but  we must have better conditions, and If  the company does not do the fair thing  we will quit again." ��� This is what we  heard as with one voice wherever 'we  have been. I am hopeful we���*>ur committee���will be able to affect a. settlement without another foolish waste i,f  money on both sides. As I see it the  question is simply this: Are we wortn  what we are asking, and can Che company afford.to pay it? These are the  only two questions. What other roads  are paying does not enter into the  matter. But I am. getting your readers  weary, so must close .with best wishes  and  .  *" ' Heartiest Thanks  to all the kind friends whom we met.'  To say our chief was greatly pleased at  'the reception he got from the Canadian  public is only telling a secret he gave  away wherever we were, and the members of our order were, of course, delighted to see how he gained the respect "bf those whom he met. I trust  this may not be the last-time he will  be able to take the same trip and I  most devoutly wish when he does that  it may be my good fortune again to  accompany him. I might tell Bro. Mae-  Maiiamon's fi lends in tlie west thit  ���we had him with us east to Medicine  Hat, and his Irish wit and wisdom added a pleasant variety to the meetings.  Ho joins with me in sending greetings  to all our western friends. Tours very  truly, ' A. B. LOWE.  Montreal, March  I, 1!MK_.  and their request being granted a, I  organizer was sent over the road, the  result 'being that 98 per cent, of th*  ���foremen und men responded and tooU  membership In the"order and local divisions have been organized and placet.  In operation on tlie entire system in  Manitoba, Minnesota and Ontario. The  divisions are the C. N. R. terminal division of Winnipeg, Belmont, Dauphin,  Port Arthur, Atlkokan, Rainy River  and Portage la Prairie divisions. The  Canadian (Northern trackmen have  sent delegates to Winnipeg to present  their grievances' and endeavor to make  better terms and conditions of employment with their employers.  C. P. R. TELEGRAPHERS.  The telegraphers employed on the  Canadian .Pacific railway system have  completed their new schedule, compris  ing rates of pay and other conditions  of employment, and the document will  be (Presented to the company 'by the  general commute representing the men  on March 24. Tlie men ask that the  minimum salary, which is now $40 per  month on the eastern divisions, be increased to $53; and the operators on  the western division, where living expenses are greater, ask a rate slightly  in excess or this. A member of the  board whioh has the making of the  schedule in hand, says that he is very  hopeful of a satisfactory and prompt  issue of their negotiations with the  company. It was probable, he thought,  that a good deal of discussion might  ensue .from the clause asking that after  operators had been continuously In the  service for a' stipulated period, they  might be given two weeks' vacation  yearly without loss or pay. When the  last agreement was signed by the company and the men, three yeais ago,  tlhis concession iwas granted! to the  older operators, but an effort will bu  made this year to include those whose  terms of service are fewer in years,  so that only an insignificant ntitnibei  will be, deprived of the'privilege.  THE CIVIC S0LOAS.  A full council Iboard was present nt  Monday night's session. Beyond a. long  drawn out discussion on hospital matters nothing of importance was done.  The board of health .committee's report, contained a report of a visit of  Aid. McGuigan and the health inspector to Seattle.  Aid. Brown asked: Wio authorized  these missionary expeditions at the  cltya expense? "What were their object?  Aid.'McQueen said'that they received tho monthly health report of Seattle,  ���which showed 103 cases of smallpox  and otter contagious disease existing  in that city. And so the health committee thought it advisable to ascertain  the true state of affairs, and see what  steps should be taken.  Aid. Brown���It seems that the committee can malke these expeditions  whenever it likes.  Aid. McGuigan said that regarding  the state of affairs at. the boundary-  It looked as if the attorney-general  didn't (know what was going on. This  was a' grave error. At iSumns, however, good work was going on.  The report was adopted.  Wlien the report of the board of  works was lead, Aid. Wood wanted  to know if the telephone company had  been notified to remove certain poles  aa ordered. The city solicitor should  get after the company.  MEETING IN MONTREAL.  The trackmen on the C. P. (R. will  reopen negotiations with the company  on March 15th, and. several members of  the committee, especially those from  the coast sections, are now on their  way to Montreal. A committee representing the malntenance-of-way men  of the Intercolonial arrived in Moncton,  N. S., this week, to present a schedule  to Mr. D. Pottinger, general manager.  The trackmen on the Canada Atlantic  system, it is 6tated, win also make  demands for inci eases ln salaries within the next two months. To a Montreal Herald reporter Mr. Wilson said:  "We are at'peace with all railroad  companies, and hope to so continue.  There is not a cloud on our horizon.  Last week fourteen hundred of our  'boys'  wore-   granted   an   Increase in  their     salaries  month."  of   soven   dollars   n  ' C. N. TRACKMAN.  From the moment the Canadian Northern Railway company secured eon-  tinl of the 'N. P. lines in Manitoba and  ut'i'ilgamted them with the Dauphl  and Southeastern road, thereby joining  the C. N. 'R. system, there has been  considerable discontentment among the  traokmen on account of the methods  pursued ln operating the system, says  TRAINMEN.  No class of union men are more faithful  to their fellow-workmen than the  Brotherhood   of   Railway   Trainmen.  None face more dangers", moie hard-,  ships  than   the railroad  employee;  in  daylight   and   darkness;   .in   summer's  sun  and  winter's storm,   the  railroad  man i.s ever at his' post, ever ready at  the caller's summons to take his bucket  and bidding his wife and mother and,  perhaps, his little ones, good-bye,    he  faces his duty, and, perhaps, his death;  his loved ones at home await his return, and the faithful wife or moth2r,  no doubt have watched at the window  witli mingled feelings of hope and fear,  either for his return of the coming of  a messenger to bring them tidings of  weal or woe���ofthues the latter���telling  them that he died at his post, a hero!  Yes,   a hero  to  his duty  and   to  his  family   and   his   fellow-man���and although his heroism and his self-sacii-  fice aad   memory   may not   be drank  standing and dn silence by his countrymen assembled in council  or convention from' cutps formed fi om the bleached skulls of his vanquished foe, as was  the custom of the savages of old, and  ia still  practised    by nations    calling  themselves Christian,  and  who gloat  over the coffimless beds of their vanquished fellow-man, whose only crime  was his nationality or perhaps his inferior numbers or defenceless and unarmed condition, or that he was only  able-to see his duty.-in-the light of-rea-  son, that his Creator had given him the  latter an  unpardonable crime in  the  eyes of avarice and greed, and nlthoueh  we honor and shall forever cherish the  memory of those who fought and died  to establish  a country of their own,  and to those who died ln its defence  and perpetuation, we believe that there  Is more real heroism ln a single railroad  man meeting death at bis post than in  all your so-called war heroes who offer  up  their lives,   if  need   be,  on   their  country's altar.���Ex.  Aid. Wood asked when the estimates  for the current year would be ready  to ibe brought down. Aid. .McQueen,  chairman of the .finance committee,  stated,, that owing to sickness in his  family, the city treasurer was unavoidably absent 'from the city, and could  not get back for another two weeks.  The seveial departments would not,  ���however, be ready to-submit their individual estimates foi- another ten days  or a foitnlght, but 'lie thought everything would ibe ready and the estimates! brought doi\n 7>y that time. Ba-  sldes the different committees should  draft what they though would" be  necessjry, rMm^ .��� .'.��� ^  Regarding the provincial hospital  act,, the council decided to ask the  Vancouver members to endeavor to secure the acceptance of nurses' graduation certificates from any recognized  training hospital or home in the Dominion and not Insist upon nurses having such to pass an examination before they can follow their profession  in British Columbia, and other amendments to the act will also be submitted  to the city members.  IR. G. Rorigson,' secretary of the Vancouver 'branch of the Dominion alliance, wrote asking the council to pass  the necessary legislation to give effect  to the wish expressed by the electorate  of Vancouver on the plebiscite talken in  WOO.  Aid. McQueen said that later on he  intended introducing an early-closing  by-law.  The Barbers' Early Closing by-law  committee reported that at a meeting  with the barbers, it had ibeen dcilae*  that the week-day hours of business  should be from S a. m. to 7 p.m.. and  till midnight on Saturday, and till 10  a. m. on days preceding .public holidays, the shops not to be opened before  7 a. m. on the following day.   The' so -  ment aid, 1900-01, l.aa patients, at G.i  cents, equals $9,807.03. Under the new  bill tho amount received by the city  will be: Under sub-section B (SI grant),  $1,000; C (70c srant), $1,030; D (35c  grant), $1,376;' E (50c grant), $2,5C0; F  (45c grant), $3,523.96; making a total of  $9,448.95.  Aid. McGuigan staled that the hospital act had been up before the medical association. Objection was taken  to clause 11, confining the examination of nurses at the Jubilee hospitil.  If the nurses of one accredited institution were to be exempt, then the same  (privileges should be awarded to graduates of other accredited training institutions, such as the Vancouver  Winnipeg, Toronto and otlier .prominent hospitals. The speaker; had baen  informed by Dr. Munro that the government hod promised to change this  clause. On the order papers of the  ihouse he saw that Mr. Martin intended  to Introduce "an amendment which will  put all hospitals in a city or district In  a pot to share alike the grant made  ���by the government. In Vancouver under this amendment the grant that  now goes to the city hospital would  have to ibe shared between at least  three hospitals.  The mayor stated that the provinciil  secretary had Intimated that he would  have the desired change, re examination of nurses, made.  Aid. Brown said the municipalities  should be responsible for their patients.  The mayor said that the government  made a grant for the patients from  unorganized districts.  Aid. McQueen moved that ?1 per patient be asked.   Can led.  Aid. Foreman thought that iiienrber<;  fiom municipalities should be represented on the hospital board.  Aid. McGuigan said that the machinery Is poor for the examination of  nurses, theie being now isome SO exnm-  ineis. The provincial board of health  was considered iby many as a one-man  institution,  tho secretary .being it.  Aid. Brown said it -was easy to prevent competent nurses from passing au  examination.   The examiners could ask  some  of the most   trilling ^questions  such as, nurses,-teachers,  as-a ell .i  others, did not thirtl; worth while stor  ing in their memories.    He held  thag  examinations should be limited to t  books.  'Aid. McQueen agreed that eve^thin  went by way of Victoria in this bill!  ,. Aid. Brown also criticized the bill on  the score of expense.   In it tho hospiUI  at Victoria will be made the prominent  one.  Hon.  Mr. Martin's    resolution    w.ii  therefore opposed by  the council.  ROSSLMD STRIKE SETTLED  From Our Own Correspondent.  The strike that has ibeen in force at  the mines since July 12th was settled  with John H. McfKenzle, manager ol  the Le Roi, satslfactorlly to both parties, on January 24th. Since that time  a great number of the men who were  on strike have been .put  to work at  the mine.   The be3t of feeling exists  ���between  Manager MoKenzie and  the  union men.   In the case of the Centra  Star and War Eagle mines the strike  has   .not heen   settled.    On February  24th a committee from the Typographical union  of Toronto,  together with.  Mr.    Chris.   Foley,    interviewed    Mr.  Blackstock,    president   of   the   War  Eagle-Centre Star Mining company re  an adjustment of the strike.   The result of the Intel view was    that  Mr.  Blaokstock assured the committee that*  he would immediately write the manager of the mines in Rossland, Mr. E.  B. iKIrby, and request him to remove  the   embargo   against union men   at  present  existing;  or,   In  other words,  he would request Mr. Kirby   to announce to the men that he was prepared to let by-gones be iby-gones, and  that  no  further discrimination   would  toe made against members of the union.  So far Mr. Kirby has made no such  statement  to  the union, and  the men  are beginning to dombt the sincerity of  the    a'bove    named    gentleman.    The  trouble at   the   Lo Roi,  No. 2,  is still  unsettled.  The output of ore from the Le Roi  mine .for week ending March Sth, and  for the year to date is a.s follows:  For week, 0,CCO tons; for year, 45,193  tons, showing a substantial Increase  since the union men haive returned to  woiik in the mine, lt is expected that  the.\V��r Eagle ami Centie Star mines  will soon be In a ,posltlon to begin  -.hipping. Otlier "mull piopertics are-  working In the camp.  The election of officers for the Miners'  union .for the ensuing term took  place on Mai eh 3t1i.   President Rupert '  Bulmei- and Secretary Frank 'E. Wood-  .^ide weie unanimously re-elected. ���  AUSTRALIA AND WHITE LA^OR  the Winnipeg Voice. The trackmen  and especially our outspoken advocate, I finding things were going from b<id to  during our time of trouble, A. .W. Put-1 worse, appealed to the Brotherhood of  tee, M. P.  'He ihad a question concern-! Traakmen of America for  protection.  THE LOCAL LETTER CARRIBR3,  The local letter-carriers, we are Informed, are ln the same unsatisfactory  position as 'they were last year. The  government has fa'lled so far to provide  an extra man to tact as a substitute for  the-regular man who may take their  nolhlays. As things stand were the  men allowed their vacation the remaining men would .have to do that  much more additional work, ami receive no ipaiy for it. This state of affairs should be remedied.  The mnlon laibel is a. peaceful protest  against the unsanitary sweat dhop and  the filthy -tenement..  licltor had not been able to get the  proposed by-law drawn up, but it  would be presented to the council at  the next meeting.  The report of the railway and light  committee was read and adopted. Regarding railway lines along Cordova  street west to the C. P. R. depot, the  report leaves It o|>en 'for the council to  talke action in the matter at liny tlm".  fhould it think desii-nible.  HOSPITAL i.MATTERS.  Letters were 'received from J. F. Garden, M. P. P., W. Skene, secretary of  the citizens' provisional hospital committee and the Trades and Labor  council.  'Mr. Garden wrote that under the new  bill Vancouver would receive a emaller  grant by about $4C0 than last year, and  asked the views of the council upon  the act, also upon the proposed examination and certificate regulations' re  nurses. 'He also enclosed a statement,  showing the standing of the Vancouver city hospital, upon Its last year's  liasln, 4n the light of the P'csent and  the proposed acts, as follows: Record  of the Vancouvtr hospital for 1900-01:  Patients, 1,322; days' treatment, 17,831;  .average days' treatment. 11.6; govern-  The .proposed new hospital board waj  then talken oip and practically the same  arguments all gone ovcr again. Tt is  quite evident that the council will not  hand over the control ot the city hospital affairs to a new management.  Aid. McGuigan said he thought that  the citizens should 'lie asked to vote  $100,000 for new hospital improvements  and the management remain practtcally  in the hands of the city.. He thought  there was a great deal of common  sense expressed .in the letter of the  Trf.des nn<? Labor council; it was ,ioj  use being carried away with iheoties  or sentiment without anything to ba?,:  them up. ���  Aid. Foreman Raid he would never  consent to hand'over the city's hospital-pi opertios -os-suggested.���- ���  City Solicitor Hamersly said that before the city could do so a 'by-law must  be subnuttcd to the people.  I    A special meeting will   be held  on | ow n contracts.  Saturday night at 8 o'clock.  In the British House of Commons tho \.  other day Mr. Caine asked] the seore- \\.  tary i'or  the colonies if, his attention     "ty^-  had been called to a memorial of the \\  Bengal" chamber of commerce to ftae  government of India regarding the  legislation now before the parliament  of the conimonwealtn of Australia under which no postal contract will be  given except en condition that white  labor only be employed on the mail '���-  steamets, if he was awaic that such '  legislation would inflict injury on a ' ,  nunubcr of British Indian subjects of  the crown who pursue a seafaring Ufa  and if the Australian go\einnient had  any control ever the methods by which  owneis of British steame.s might desire to man or otherwise work their  vessels.  Mr.  Chamberlain���I  haive    not se_in:  the meiaoiial iu question.    We cannot  preset Ibt to the commonwealth parliament  the conditions which    It should  require in Its mall contracts., It does  not attempt to control t'he manning of  Britslh steamers, except in the case of  steameis seeking to enter into contract  with the goxernmeiit of Australia for  the carriage of mails.  ~_iIrrCaiii{^lIave_we_no_figl"it"btToni"~  trol over  these steamers?  ���Mr.    Chamberlain���They   have    the  right to control the conditions of their  OLD AGE PENSIONS.  The directors of ithe Lackawanna  railroad have appropriated $30,000 ns a  pension fund for employees, who ate  hereafter to be retired at slxry-ilve  years of age. Those who 'i.iv hj>cn  In the company's service twenty-lire'  yeara will also ibe eligible for rcilt"-  mertt, with a .pension. This K to be  bnsed on length of service and average monthly pay for the ten yc.ii'3 Immediately ipreceding retirement. Tho  pension ls 1 per cent, of the average  monthly pay for the period employed.  B. C. SOCIALIST P.VRTY.  Mr. Frank Rogers on Sunday evening will address the B. C. Socialist  party ln the hall, 132 Powell street.  The subject discussed will be Socialism  vs. Trade Unionism.   All Invited.  The best way to begin a crusade  against sweat shop and Orlental-nnde  products Is to OJuy only union labM  goods.  TO PROTECT UNIONS.  Mr. Smith Curtis, M. P. P., at Victoria,    in   an    address    said:    Trade  unions hate been attacked lu the olci  country recently, and apparently with  success,  so  as   to   make   trade  union  funds liable for acts of their officers  dining a strike.   Now, accordlng'to a  recent   Injunction  Issued   in  England,  one man cannot go to another and say,  "Theie is a strike on," and urge hint,  not to go and work, or he would, It  enjoined and rersisting |n iti j,e g^nty  of contempt of court, and tlie court can  Immediately lock him up as long as It  likes, e\en for a whole lifetime.    No-  oue until recently knew this to ibe law.  I am   bringing   In   a bill   to   protect  unions, and if the Dunsmuir government   throws   that   bill   out   all   your  unions in this province will ibe liable to.  ���have  tlhelr funds  taken  away on  account of some officer's act*.    I am a  gr^at 'believer ln trade unions.    Trade  unions  are   why  labor  is  now   at  all.  I'.tirly dealt wlth.;  '-'(ft V 'v  The following suggestions for operating the Babeock test arc sent out  by Dr. J. 1$. Liudsey and K. 15. Holland of the Hatch experiment station,  snys American Agriculturist. They  should lie followed carefully to secure  accurate results: Milk or creiiin should  be carefully nntl thoroughly mixed���  never by slinking tlie sample, but by  gently rotallug it ami by pouring front  one vessel to another. All cream nd-'  heiing to the sides ami stopper of the  retaining vessel must be Incorporated.  and the resulting liquor should show-  no solid particles of fat. A sum 11. line  wire sieve is of great value In detecting  tlie Imperfect (lumpy) condition of a  (-ample aud iu preparing the same for  -pipetting.  I'ipette Immediately after preparing  the samplo, tilling thu pipette slowly  and taking care to avoid air bubbles.  Hold the pipette In a vertical position  wlien lowering the,Iiquld to the mark,  nud always read with the entire meniscus above the line. In transferring  mill, or cream to the test bottles avoid  so I'itr as possible the smearing of the  cull re neck with the liquids. Crentii  testing above 2.1 per cent of fat should  always be weighed, ns accurate results  cannot be secured with the pipette.  ln adding the acid turn the bottle  so as to work down all mill; or crenm  adhering to the sides of tlie neck and  mix at once. Rotate the bottle until all  the lumps of casein are thoroughly dissolved and the resulting mixture' is  black In color. Mover slight the mixing, and avoid throwing the; fat up  into the neck.  Whirl at least five, two and two mln-  utes. lu filling with hot water allow  the water to run down the sides of the  iieclc and thus avoid stirring tip'the  contents ofthe bottle, ln reading the  column of fat It is safer to use a pair  of dividers than to trust to the unaided  eye. Read the center of the fat colutuu  from the lowest to the highest limit.  A REMARKABLE JERSEY.  Pride's Olcca  Itli Has All the Point)  of n Milk  Producer.  At the recent stock show nt the Pan-  American exposition there was a very  large exhibit of aged Jersey cows.  Some of the finest cattle In the country were brought in competition for  the prizes, says New England Homestead. First prize was awarded to  Pride's Olgn 4th (00.S07). owned by  Charles A. Sweet.  She is n remarkable animal nnd embodies most or the good points required for a typical cow or her class, as  shown In the Illustration. She is large  and solid, of a dark fawn color, witli  Holding; t.'p tlio Milk.  A fresh cow that holds up her milk  nearly always provokes thereby nn attack of garget nnd future loss of milk  nil through the season, so that the dairyman or owner of a family cow should  be on tbe watch to avert the trouble,  says Farm and Home. When the calf  5s habitually taken from the cow* bo-  fore It has had time to suck, the cow-  will come to her milk .naturally ami  without resistance, nnd this practice  cannot be too strongly recommended  ns a constant rule In the dairy. When,  liowevcr. the trouble has occurred and  a remedy ls sought, we find how powerless we are to strive with the natural  instincts of an iiuinml excited to stubborn resistance. Soothing measures  and perseverance or tlie use of the  milking tubes Is the only effective remedy.  PF.IU'ECTLY BALANCICl) UDDEll.  an enormous, well formed and perfectlybalanced .udder, huge tortuous mill;  veins, great barrel, slim neck,"dish  face, incurving horns and keen but  gentle eyes.  As a two-yeor-old she gave 2-12Vi  pounds of milk nud made, 15 pounds 2  omices of butter in seven days. Just  before entering the,contest at the Pan-  American she made for one day n milk  record of G5'/i pounds, seven days 4-17  pounds 2 ounces and In thirty-one days  1.011 pounds 14, ounces, in 113 days  G.359 pounds. Previous to her last calf.  May 10, she gave 12.000 pounds of  milk in eleven mouths. Pride's Olgn  4th was born Aug. 2. 1S03. She was  sired by Mclla Auu's Stoke Pogis  (23.042). :,Her dtim.was Pride's Olgn  (37.1SG). who has six tested daughters  nnd another to bo tested soon.  There Is such n thing as having the  barn arrangements such ns will mnke  it plcnsnnt autl agreeable work caring  for the stock during our long winters,  or, on tlie contrary, for want of proper  arrangements it may bu made most disagreeable and unsatisfactory, says E.  R. Towlc In American Cultivator.  The stables should he sulllciemly  warm, but uot close and uuvciitilated,  and thero should be plenty of light-for  all purposes. A dark, low, bad smelling stable ls nu abomination to man  nnd beast, and wheu the nights get  cold or there nre bad storms the cows  will be much better off in the stable  than out of doors and will exhibit  their appreciation of such comfortable  quarters by great contentment and1 Increased yield of milk.  Another thing, it Is not wise to undertake to winter more stock than can  be well kept and cared for, as this Is  neither pleasnnt nor profitable. Young  animals should be kept thrifty and  growing nil'winter, .and'cows giving  milk should receive the best of attention in care and feed, so they may give  satisfactory returns at the pall.   Aside from-the. stables7for7the_cow8  nnd most of the young cattle, it will  be very convenient to have several  pens, which may be used for n variety  of purposes, as needed. Thla will be  found a most convenient, arrangement.  We Iind It bettor to tie calves from six  niontlis to a year old In n stnblo. the  same as other cattlo. They lonrn to become quiet In this wny nnd cnu bo  more satisfactorily fed than when several are in a pen together.  1'Iic  I.lRlitnliiK Roil.  Hundreds of farmers have been  swindled by the lightning-rod agents,  paying for the rods much more than n  fair price nud In; some cases giving  notes for them when thoy thought that  they were only signing u receipt for n  certain amount of rod, which would bo  removed If thoy were not satisfied to  keep It nt the end of n certain time.  Hut this does not disprove the efllcney  of tho rod to protect from lightning  when it Is properly put on and connected with the moisture In the earth. A  lightning rod or.n conductor should run  from every wire fence nbout once iu  fifteen or twenty rods, going six or  seven feet Into tiie earth, as tho electricity often follows the wires for n  considerable distance, and when It  leaves them may go several rods along  the surface of the ground to reach man  or beast.  Grnlu  For  Dairy  Cows.  Under this head may ho classed the  cereals and their byproducts and certain otlier seed, as cottonseed, flaxseed,  etc., snys D. W. Mny In American Agriculturist. Of tho grnln feeds com  is the more universal. The New Jersey station estimated that the feeding  valuo of a ton of corn ls $2 greater  when fed In the form of meal than  when fed whole, deduction being made  for the additional cost of husking and  grinding. Determinations showed thnt  57.3 per cent of the corn fed on the  car passed through the animal undigested. At the Pennsylvania station  the feeding value of the corn wns  nbout ouc-llfth greater than thnt of  brnn ns nn exclusive grnin diet for the  production of butter fat. At the Ohio  station cows on cornmenl produce  slightly more mill; for the food consumed than those ou bran and linseed  mcnl. Those ou tho latter ration produced milk with the largest fat content, but this mny have been a matter  of Individuality, as the grain ration  was not changed.  The cream should always be strained  Into the churn aud the butter color added Immediately, If color Is to be used.  There should, be no variation lu the  speed of churning.' as too fast or too  slow a speed will cause a rise iu temperature, resulting In too soft a butter,  snys M. H. Matts In Kansas Farmer.  Churns must be ventilated a couple of  times after they start to let out gases  of fermentation, which are always present.  Be sure of a proper churning temperature, as cream will sometimes produce What is known as foaming and  will nearly Iill the churn. This may be  caused either by too much spued at  starting, chum too full of cream oi  cream being too cold (especially a thin  cream). The best remedy Is to divide  tlie cream Into two chiiriiings ami proceed at a proper churning temperature.  In ���my experience I have found cream  after being churned for lietween four  and five successive hours, then given a  rest of nbout nn hour, began to break  in .teii. minutes after starting the second time.  After the first stop the cream was  not ���apparently any nearer the breaking  pointthitii when lir.st slatted. Alter tho  butter granules liave reached tlio size  of n "pin's head." of from one-sixth to  one-eighth "of an Inch In din meter, the  buttermilk is drawn otf nml strained  through a hair (.trainer; then wnter at  the temperature of -l."> to 53 degrees F..  depending ou tlie teniperatino of the atmosphere, of about the same quantity  as the buttermilk is added to the butter  and ihe churn i evolved a few limes.  Usually one washing is sufficient,  though the wash water should drain  comparatively clear. Tin- amount of  washing will depend on the size of the  butter granules and the condition the  cream is In. Both under nnd over ripe  cream will require more washing titan  properly ripened cream. The Importance of using clean iind pure wash  .water cannot be overestimated.  The butter is now in a condition to  salt, and the amount to use varies  widely under different conditions. Salt  preserves butter to a certain extent  and greatly Improves tho taste. If salt  hits been used iu washing, the finished  butter will uot require ns much, or. in  other words, the drier the but tor the  loss snlt needed. From oue to two  ounces of snlt per pound of butter fnt  should he used. Butter only retains  from one-half to three-fourths of tho  nsalt, depending upon the condition of  the snlt. which should be kept Hue nnd  In a clean plnce. tis It absorbs odor.  The salt does not enter the individual  butter granules or grains, but is dissolved iu the water present, and any  excess of It promptly coheres to the  surface of tho grains and is pressed  between tliem. Thus we ceo the importance of the kind and right use of  snlt.  FILLING THE ICEHOUSE.  Proper Method of Storlun to Secure  the Bent Ilcnulta.  Mr. J. H. Brown in Kurnl New Worker explains the method he uses to store  Ice. The illustratlou shows a cross section of his Icehouse, with boards nailed horizontally ou the Inside of the  poles.  From 12 to 15 inches should be left  between the Ice cakes and the walls.  Locate the Icehouse where good natural  drainage mny lie secured. Tlle may be  laid, as Indicated nt A. to secure mote  adequate drainage it' lu'cded. Cut the  eal.es so as to break joint*, sny IS liy  '111 incites or 15 by S��. as conditions  miij requite. It will lie impossible to  n.ake the cakes ll' together perfectly,  no mailer how c\|ii'tt the --liw manipulator limy he. On this ncriuml we put  In one layer, til closely ,-ts possible,  then shave over the upper surface of  nil the cakes wilh a carpenter's adze.  The shaving's of Ice arc swept lino tlie  crevices between cakes When freezing  cold, a Hi lie Witter I.s sprinkled over  tlie whole mii I'mi" to ci'iiient the layer  solidly together.  As each layer is cutiiplelcd the saw  dlts-t should lie tilled in iirnnml lite  sides   level   Willi   tile   top  iind   solidly  <cici:L:jr;::':.:\i -i  ��� nccC'CO 'v ���'���-!���  Success   In   Dairying.  If experience In dairying docs Dot  make a man or woman wise, it counts  for but littlo. We often sec cases  wliere people grown gray In the care of  cows realize only meager profits from  the business, says Farm and Ranch.  Tliis is because years ago they decided  that they had mastered all there was to  be known relative to dairying and have  since never tried to get out of the rut.  Tlio most conscientious attention to detail work in the care of cows, care of  milk and the routine of labor required  In butter and cheese making ls necessary to success in any or all of these  branches.  Brains In the Dnlry.  now many dairymen can tell how  many pounds of milk each cow gives,  the percentage of butter fat In cadi  cow's milk and tho average for tlie  herd, how many pounds of butter to  cach=huudred=pounds=or=milk,=how���  much It costs to feed each cow, how  much It costs to make a pound of butter aud a few things like that? .Yet'  this is just what nmuy'up to dnteduiry  men kuow to a nicety. A scale, a Bab-  cock test, a lend pencil and a Utile  brains are the chief requisites.  How Much <_raln.  The amount of grain fed should vary  \vlth the Individuality of the cows, says  Professor D. 11. Otis. :A cow.giving  thirty-five to forty pounds of mill; daily  will need from twelve to fifteen pounds  per day, while a cow giving fifteen to  twenty pounds of mill; will probably  not need over six to eight pounds ol  grain. The amount of grain should  vary with the yield of .milk.' Give the  cows nil the gniiu.they will consume ut  a profit,  ��� Lnrflre nnd Small Cown.  In the butter dairy what Is wanted  Is ns little water In the milk nnd just  us much butter fat as possible, and.  nil things considered, a small cow wil.' I  In an ordinary herd cows will be  found that vnry considerably lu tlieir  milk yield, lt stands to reason that n  cow giving ten pounds of milk dally  does not need the same quantity uud  quality of feed as n cow giving twenty  or thirty pounds daily, sa.vs D. II. Otis  in Kansas Farmer. The following rations Indicate the amount needed daily  per head where different amounts of  milk are produced. Where cottonseed  meal Is used cows should become tie-  Wistomed to It gradually. Allow a half  piuud the first day and Increase not  over a quarter or ono-lifth pound per  cow per day:  Coirn Giving; Eleven Ponndn of Milk,  1. Alfalfa liny 10 pounds, whent  straw 10 -pounds, ground whent 5  pounds.  2. Corn fodder (stover) 20 pounds,  ground whent 4% pounds, cottonseed  meal 2 pounds.  3. Corn fodder 13 pounds, wheat  straw 5 pounds, ground wheat 4  pounds, cottonseed mcnl 2 pounds.  4. Sorghum hay 20 pounds, brnn SVi  pounds, cottonseed meal 2 pounds.  =*5.=Prairle=hay���20-poiitii!s._hrnii-3  pounds, cottonseed meal life pounds.  Com Giving; Sixteen I'imniln or Milk.  1. Alfalfa liny or soy bean hay 10  pounds, ont hay S pounds, ground  wheat G pounds.  2. Alfalfa liny S pounds, millet hay  12 pounds, bran 5 pounds.  3. Alfalfa 10 pounds, millet 8 pounds,  wheat 0 pounds.  4. Sorghum hay 20 pounds, ground  wheat !i pounds, cottonseed meal 3  pounds.  5. I'rnlrlo hny 10 pounds, corn fodder  (stover) 10 pounds, brnn 7 pounds, oil  mcnl 2 pounds.  Conn Glvlnir Tvrcnty-two Ponniln.  1. Alfiiirn hny 15 pounds, cut strtur  5 pounds, Knlllr corn mcnl 8 pounds,  ground wheat ���!���/& pounds.  2.'Alfalfa, hay 10 pounds, sorghnm  hny 8 pounds, ground barley 5 pounds,  bran 7 pounds.  3. Sorghum   hny  15  pounds,  millet  hay 0 pounds, bran 7 pounds, cotton  seed mcnl 3 pounds.  4. Corn  fodder  (stover)  10 pounds.  ?S%s-Sr?-^r'-.V -  V" -* -' -j..' �����?*.���-sffiS1  IMIOI'I'.lil.Y flf'Kf.tl ter.  tamped down Allow no vnvdttst to  remain on lap of lite lai-ions layers  uiilil the icelioiiM' i�� tilled. Fig. 20  shows the siM'.i Injer in ami ready for  tlie snudusl. Ice is picsenetl by being  packed away I'liiiu the air. As hot  went her conies on lite Ice will settle  some. Be sure to keep the sawdust  tamped down nrotiml ihe sides fie-  quiMitly dttrii'i I'itfl.v Milliliter iind see  Unit uo airholes I mm.  Wlien tlie ice Is all packed In. cover  wilh ten to iil'teelt inches of sawdust.  Leave the gables open more nr less to  allow five circulation nl' air over the  Ice. I hope that this description, wllh  sketches, of our own successful harvesting iind storing of Ice in n cheap  it is not always the man with the  biggest herd of cows who clears the  most money from his dnlry. says American Cultivator.   ���       *  Gilt edged butter Is more to be desired on the average customer's plate  than nny delicacy of the season.  The reabon some farmers uevcr extract the Intent gold lu dnlry cows Is  that they persist In looking to the  grain and corn fields for It  The dairy woman who churns before  "sun up" In the morning often makes  linn grniued butter without the use of  Ice.  It Is n curious fact and yet true that  some of the most profitable moments  any one engaged In dairying can spend  are In repented washing of the hands.  It Is a parody on cleanliness to try  to strain tilth out of milk when It  might have been obviated hy the exercise of the most ordlunry precautious.  Despite all of the laws to the contrary, skimmed cheese is yet sold for full  crenm nnd oleomnrgnriue for rcul butter.   Where Is the remedy?  Those people who couslder milking  Irksome will never mnke good dairymen.  While It pays to rnlsc good hogs In  conjunction with the dairy. It uever  has nor never will pay the innnii factory to keep the swine quartered near a  cheese factory or creamery.  In tiie writer's experience the average ninn 'cannot mill; more thnn ten j  cows with prolit nt one sitting. The  reason Is that tired muscles cannot extract the mill; from the udder with  proper facility. Moral.���Do not hug the  delusion that you are economizing  when you throw a Inrge amount of  work on to your milkers.  lt Is a wanton waste to throw fodder  coru In the whole stnll; before cows, especially If the enncs are spread about  the fields. The cattle will destroy with  tlielr hoofs at least half of the fodder  so fed. It will always pay to cut the  canes up and feed them from a manger.  Now and then we run against people  who can be taught nothing more In regard to dairying. These nre Invariably  the ones who nre not making moro  than two-thirds possible profits out of  the business.  The woman who can make good butter once a week Is to be commended,  hut the oue who can make It uniformly  good every day ln the week need look  no further for a profitable vocation. I  Some consumers like butter salted  more than others, nnd tho wise pro- '  SANITARY MILK PASL.  Contracted   So   am   to   Exclude   AU  Foretsn Substances.  For strictly sanitary purposes tho  Ideal milk pall can hardly be excelled, says II. M. Bainer in Kansas  Farmer. The pail is composed of two  parts, the pall and the cover. The  cover fits closely to the pail and Is so  constructed that nil foreign substances  will settle In a cup below, and the  milk proper will pass upward through  the strainers and will (low over Into  the pall In an almost pure condition,  nothing being allowed to enter tho  milk.  When tho pall Is full. It Is emptied  through a spout nud the cover does  pole   frame   Icehouse   will   .���:iioiu:i-j:e I tIllCL>r win ���|Wnys consult tlie tastes of  ninny farmers to decide to have some  Ice next season, nnd nriy they thoroughly enjoy for the Unit time the  cooling benellts which accrue to tlio  fortunate possessjrs of the congealed  fluid.  i his customers lu this regard.  ji��:$s_2L,  Milking:  Cowh  CnntI.itioiit._y.  A friend asks my expei'ience In milking cows continuously. 1 have sonic  cows that Insist nu not going dry. 1  like to have tlieni dry about a month  before freshening, both for the vigor  of the calf and for llie ircupi'i-ntion of  tho cow. snys XV. F. McSparraii In National Stockman. But 1 am not sure  the cow or calf either needs this it' tlie  cow is properly fed. nnd thnt is n very  dlllicult thing to come at, so I prefer j  the period of rest if I enn persuade the  cow to take It. Whether sho milks  better during the lactation after freshening because site rested or not I can't  say. Some well Informed cow men  sny It makes no difference in her period yield except In the Hush after cnlv-  lug. with a rest before. It is hard to  estimate. I have never known cows  to do each year alike, so It Is impossible to tell what tho cow might have  done.  Twenty years' experience In the use  of the silo has brought out some fncts  about which all are agieed, says Farm  nud Ranch:  That a larger amount of healthful, ,_,      , _ ,,      ,_.,.  food for cattle can be preserved in the ��� ���* ?to���?}_?_�����J^}t^J��  silo In heuer condition, nt less expense  'IDEAL MILK 1'AIL.  not need to be removed, thus leaving  no possibility of hair or dirt entering  the milk. It has been tried at tho  Kansas state experiment station,  The points for aud against it arc as  follows:  For.���1. It is strictly sanitary. 2.  Nothing but soluble substances can enter the milk. 3. Milk can be emptied  into a can without straining except  through a cloth.  Against���1. It Is harder to keep  clean than other palls.' 2. Where each  cow's milk Is weighed, the pail has  to be weighed back each time on account of the foam that remains' In lt  and the cover. The amount varies  from two-tenths to flve-tenths of a  pound.  Removing Odor* From Milk.  Many of tho odors that affect milk  and cream nre exceedingly volatile or  evapornte quickly If the milk ls quickly cooled and ls exposed to the air in a  thiu sheet, as tt is In the aerator, where  lt runs out over cold pipes or through  a cold air In a slow flow of thin stream  or drops, says American Cultivator.  This Includes the odors from weeds,  even the wild garlic, which is more  powerfully scented than tho onion, the  odors from cabbage and turnips and  the stable odors, which cannot alwnfs  well be avoided when the cattlo are  milked In the barn. We say they cannot be avoided, because ln many barns  there Is a cellar filled with decomposing manure aud iu those of older construction a deposit of liquids below tho  floor, so that it Is almost If not quite  Impossible to prevent the air from having some part of the odor from below.  In such cases the only remedy Is tbo  acratcr. so placed that It will .permit  these odors to pass off and not allow it  to acquire new ones.   We say the only,  Wnter For  Dnlry  Cattle.  Water must certainly ho regarded as  a food, for It makes up over two-thirds  of the body weight and must be constantly Ingested to keep up the normal  body, writes Dr. George T. Palmer In  noard's Dairyman. The water for the  cow must never come from pouds or  pools nnd should not be taken even  from running streams If there ls any  clinuee that the stream may have been  contnininnted by t."wnge. In a thickly  populated country, like our middle and  "westcnrstntusrtlie chances-lu-favor of  contamination of country-streams are  very strong. The water given cows In  a high grade dairy farm should be  from good wells nntl springs and should  be supplied In troughs capable of easy  cleansing. The lining of the trough  should he of such material as to permit  thorough scouring.  nnswer this purpose as woll us a Inrgt-  one. But'wheti the milk Is to be Bold  especially bythe gallon, the quantity  is of more 'Importance than the quality  nnd usually it rut bor large cow will bf  found more desirable When milk Is the  object to be gained.  i cowpea hay 10 pounds, com and cot  " meal 7 pounds, bran 4 pounds, soy bean  meal 1 pound.'  5. Prairie hay 10 pounds, soy bean  hay 10 pounds, ground wheat 8 pound*,  oil meal 1 .pound.  About Crenm.  It Is claimed that the cream of two  Skimmings mixed will not yield the  butter as well as one.  Itljiealnp:   Clicc-He.  Chopse when ripening should neve  ip e:,;\M>!i to currents of air, as th'  ii-O'-i "' '   '- ���>'" tn la> ������i."��-'vd.  The Sklnimllk Cow.  It Is the sklmmlllt cow, whether Imported or homo raised, that keeps tha  average of production down ln tho  dairy herd.  nnmlllnar Dairy Com.  If far.nicrs knew how to handle cows  as well as they think they do, there  would be few unprofitable dairies In  the country, says Farm nnd Itnnch.  There Is more hope of a man who  knows uothlng about milk cows and  knows ho doesn't than of one who  doesn't kuow and thinks he does. Ouo  will learn how; the other will not.  of labor nnd laud, than by any other  method known.  Thut sllnge comes nearer being a perfect substitute for the succulent food,  of the pasture thnn nny other food that  can be had In winter.  Thirty pounds a day ts enough silage  for an average sized Jersey cow. Larger cattle will eat more.  A cubic fool of silage from the middle of a medium sized silo will average  about forty-live pounds.  For 1S2 days, or half a year, an average Jersey cow will require about six  tons of silage, allowlug for unavoidable waste.  The circular silo made of good, bard  wood staves is the cheapest and best.  Fifteen foot In diameter, and thirty  feet Is a gootl depth. Such a silo would  hold about 200 tons of silage cut In  hair Inch lengths.  Corn just passing out of roasting ear  stage Is the best single material for silage. Corn nnd cowpeas are the best  combined material.  Silage Is as valuable In summer as In  winter =���= -- ���  ment floor, kept clean by brushing and  washing ench day, might prove more  effective If every fnrmer could afford  to tnke such n radical measure.  Ilcst  Winter Fond.  Probnbly tho best winter rood now  known Is ensilage, corn cut when the  grain Is developed, just as it Is well  glazed, says Dr. U. T. Palmer In  Hoard's Dairyman.' It possesses the  advantage or retaining n certain  nmount or freshness and molsturo  throughout the entire winter.  Clioontnff n  Dnlry Cow.  Never chcose a dairy cow bocnusc  6lie Is fnt, sleek nnd a beauty. In a  dairy cow "beauty is ns beauty docs."  The Tnt and sleek.dairy cow.doesn't  Sllnee and Milk Promoter.  A great number of new silos were  built about here this season, and nine  out of ten of them were square silos  with tbe clipped corners, says John  Gould of Ohio in Hoard's Dairyman.  Ono or two tried the made up wooden  hooped silos, celling up Inside the same  as the square silos, and they aro pronounced "the thing." A few about here  built small silos In addition for next  summer soiling to sec if the bran bill  cannot be largely eliminated. Our own,  experiment with our last winter's milk  cows tbat would not dry off this summer showed that a bushel of slluge a  dny per cow, with one pound of bran,  wns a great milk promoter nnd was  cheap compared with the old grain  ration.  Feed Dry  Forage With Sllnge.  Irrespective of all other considerations we believe It to be expedient for  the health or tbe animal to feed some  kind or dry forage with sllnge of any  (;lnd, snys Hoard's Dairyman. The  cow craves this. and. profiting by the  Instinct of the cow. the best dairymen  of today not only feed dry forage with  sllnge, but give hny when cows are nt  pasture. We' specified corninoal and  bran from a conviction that a good cow  cannot maintain a full flow of milk If  limited to bulky feeds. She canuot cat  sufficient rougbnge to supply the material required for profitable milk pro-  Good Dairy Cofm Are Valuable.  Never In our life hnve wo met a  farmer who wns the owner of a good  cow but that tho owner was loud ln  the praise of the" animal' and proud  that he was ,hcr owner, says Dairy  Age. The farmer who owns n good  cow knows thnt' the cow ls a money  maker and knows that a herd of cows  as good would be a profitable undertaking on any farm. But farmers are  slow to catch on to the fact tbat a  good herd can be reared In a few  years If the work Is set about ln the  proper mauner. What a most delighted set of farmers the west would have  If each one would some morning wako  up and find In bis.lot a herd of cows  as,good milkers as tbe best one he  now owns! A herd of good milkers is  worthy of any man's admiration. The  farmer who has perseverance and Intelligence enough to get together a  good dairy herd has reason to be  proud-of-bls-nehloveinents.-- ���  1  do the handsome thing.   The scraggy,  bony cow does.   Therefore sho is tha | ductlon; hence the necessity for sup-  real dairy beautv.  plying more or lese concentrated feed.  Baylns a Chora,  The following points are to be considered In buying n churn, snys M. H.  Watts In Kansas Farmer: The most  complete churning possible In a proper  space of time���from one-third to one  hour, according to the condition of the  cream and room temperature���easy,  filling, emptying, examining and cleaning. The material of which the churn  ls mnde should be of somo bard, close  grained wood, made solid or firm and  fitted wltb a suitable arrangement for  warping. Each churn has Its own  working en pacify, but Is generally limited to nbout one-third Its actual measure. ��� Instantaneous churning is not  advisable for tbe reason of too great a  loss of butter fat In the buttermilk nnd  en Inferior quality of finished butter.  Care of Dnlry  UteualU.  It Is often dllllcult to keep dairy utensils In the best possible condition In  winter, because of lack of sunshine.  On most farms vessels nro washed and  scalded nnd then put lu the suiishlue  until wanted.' Many winter days have  no sunshine. Utensils should therefore  be boiled thoroughly or subjected to  live steam if this Is obtainable. At any  rate, give them n good scalding In boiling water and place them where they,  tre exposed to outside air. Sunshine  Is tbe best possible disinfectant. Keep.'  your dairy utensils In tbe sunshine as ���  much as possible. ,  i  i  <i L THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER, B. C.  A Lottery.  First Pessimist���Nor do I believe In a  _ man waiting too long before getting mar-  "ried.  Second Pessimist���No; for then It is  quite likely to lie a case of "marry nt  leisure, repent In haste."���Brooklyn Uu-  gle.    There Are Drawback* Sametlaaee.  "Is it easier to get a fortune hy mar*  ritige than it ls by hard work?"  .���"Yes," replied the sage thoughtfully;  "it in easier, but sometimes it ia nut so  pleasant hecaum. of the iucuuibraucts."���  Chicago Post  Shattered Ilopea.  Paul���Would you marry a young man  whose Income is JJf-.OOU a year?  Annie���Yes.   Is Umt what yon g��t?  Piial���Ng; but when I do perhaps I  may think of settiug married.���Chelsea  Gazette.   Over'the Tcncnps.  "Milton had nn III,tempered wife." he  said, "and she finally left his bonne."  "Yes. dear," replied his wife, "nnd  when 'Bhewns gone lie wrote 'Paradise  Lost.'"���Atlanta Constitution.  TAKE NOTICE.  We publish' simple, straight testimonials, not press agent's ; interviews, from well known people.  From all over America they testify  to the merits of MINARD'S LINIMENT, the best of Household Iteme-  ���dies.  C. C. RICHARDS & Co.  will be as strong as ours if you try  s  Consumption  Cure  and ours is so strong we guarantee a cure or refund money,  and we send you free trial bottle  if you write for iu. SHILOH'S  costs 25 cents, and will cure Consumption, Pnetunonia,__roncliilis  and all Lung Troubles. Will  cure a Cough or Cold in a day,  and tlius prevent serious results.  It lias been doing, these things  ��� for 50 years.  S. C. Wctts & Co., Toronto, Can  Karl's Clever Root Tea cares Iidlgettloi  A MISPLACED "AD."  i.  Even when its well dono, tho ceiling docorutor has to do his work  .over.  Only the truly, great havo   smokeless diimneys.  FIRTHETEETM25C  The Maclood! Gazette says : "The  rlwr is still open at this point. If  tho present mild weather -continues  very much longer it will be necessary to send away for next season's  supply; of. ico. A prairie fire was  burning southeast of town last Sunday evening."  Did you over have a. person tell  you a, lio, and you knew ho was not  telling Uie truLh ? Think of it tlie  next time you start to tell a falsehood.  Gratitude i.s a good filing for   any  mn.ii to use in his business.  Minard's Liniment Cares Barns, Etc.-  The coal  dealer may not cut njiy  ice, but ho gets tihere just tne same.  MIHABD'S LMQiY Circs ttUng  When nn Irishman tells you that,  you are a broth of a. boy ho does  not nioaji that' you are in the soup.  Somo'porsons have periodical attacks.of Canadian cholera, dysentery, or diurrhooh; and  have to uso great precautions to avoid tbo disease Chango ot water, cool-hiK, and green  f rait, is sure to bring ou tho attacks. To such  persons we would recommend Dr. J. 1). Koll-  ope's Dysentery Cordialas betug the best modi*  cine in tho market, for nil summer complaints.  If a few drops are taken in witter when the  symptoms are noticed, no furthor trouble nil!  bo experienced.  It is cosier, says the girl who lias  tried, to make a fool of a man than  to make a man of. a fool.  The Trouble It Brought Down Opon  the  WUklna   Household.  Mrs. Wilkins wanted a servant girl.  Mr. Wilkins. whose pursuits are literary,  wrote something like tliis: "Good girl for  light, housework; reasonable wages; apply 477 Forty-fourth street," und inserted  the same .iu the morning paper. That  was at night.  Tlie next'morning at 0:15 the Wilkins  doorbell rang. Mr. Will-ins, scantily arrayed, answered the summons and confronted a large woman with spectacles.  "Where Is the girl'." said tha woman.  "You can search iue,'VWilkius assured  ber.  "Haven't you got a girl here?" pursued  the visitor.  "No," said Wilkius. "Do you want the  job?"  "Me!" exclaimed the woman; "Well, I  guess not." Anil she flounced angrily  down the steps.  At 7 Mrs. Wilkins rose and, going t��  the kitchen, inserted her hands is pancake dough,  "H-r-r-r-r-r-r-riDg," said the bell.  Mrs. Wilkius went to the door.  "Are you  the peoplo  who adTertised  ���bout a girl?" asked a smartly dressed  young matron who had pressed the button.  "Yes," said Mrs. Wilkins. "Come  around to the buck door."  The woman looked surprised, but presently stood looking into the kitchen.  "Now," 'bhe began, "how many after  noons out do you want, what are your  habits and what do you know about  cooking?"  It was Mrs. Wilkins'. turn to fc�� aur-  prised.  "I know cnongh about cooking, I guess,  madam," she said tartly, "and I do not  think the afternoons I wnnt out are any  of your business. What references have  you got, and supposing you tell me something about yourself."  "Well," snapped the woman, "for a  servant i'f you aren't the nerviest, the  most self'sufficient thing I ever"���  "Look here, madam," replied Mrs. Wilkins, "who ure you calling, a'servant?"  "Well,   I   suppose you  object  to  the |  ELDERLY MEN.  THERE JS. XO     BETTER.  YOUTH  IHiSTOHUIt THAN DODD'S  KIDNEY    I'ILLS.  Hr. II. S. liorncs, Seventy-Five Years  of Age Dwls Young: anil Smart; as  a Hoy���Used Dodd's Kidney I'ills  MiuVIVjlfghuxI With the Iicsults.  lint I'ortnge, Dec. UO.���Mr. II. S.  Barnes. Is an elderly' ganUv-nian,. being ii've,; yi*ws past tiio three score  years and ten. Ho is tlio father of  ���ex-MnJyor Barnes, and no old gtaitle-  iiiiin in Hat l'ortagu is more esteemed  and respected. Mr. Barnes is ono of  the many conscientious luid'.HUbral-  liiiiixled citizens of this Dominion  who have no hesitation in allowing  their names lo bo used for the benefit of others in connection with cures  made by Dodd's Kidney I'ills in their  behalf.  Here is iv letter showing Mr.Barnos'  experience with the greatest remedy  of the present day���Dodd's Kidney  Pills.  Itat Portage, Juno 18th, 1899.  .Gentlemen,���I would like to make  t ho following statement for the benefit" of whoever wouki like to hoar the  truth told. I am '7i_ years oltl, and  liave lived in Hat l'ortiilgo for the  past 18 years. Some months ago my  wife asked me to get her some Dodd's  Kidney, Pills. Sho was siiftcrinig'from  some kidney trpu__lc, and desired to  try Dodd's Kidney P'lls.. I: finally,  got her a box, but she nover lived  to Lake them. Ilavinlg little faith in  patent medicines, I however, was  soon forced to change my opinion; I  bad long been neglecting similar  sympto'nis to those of my wife.l these  now became very severe: Having the  box of Dodd's Kidney Fills in tho  house, I thought 1 might as well try  them.   I suffered ���tcrribJy;.witli pain  When the Days are  Dark and Dreary  A TOnULIAMS rlANO iu the House will  irludclon your henrt and brighten your soul with.  lU doliflitful melody.  Theso instruments aro tho perfection of piano  jnaLin;., of exquisito touo uud touch, aud tliu  most durable mado.  If roa buy ono now it will mako your homo  moro attractive theso long wiuter ovuuizitfs.  Wo hnvo several makes of organs at different  prices, ulso slightly used instrumeut3 for sale  cheap.  FOSEESTER & HATCHER,  Y.M. C. A. BLOCK,  -   -  -WIM-MIPEG.  i3fhesfZM&7i/  Mj ���     mamaaaaa^AaM\ammaaMaMmm        ��B-M^M^*^W��-^^  ai^^^^sd^^J^rV^.  if i$  name, but I want you'to understand that J across my buck with a scalding sen-  girls in my employ are servants.  I want ,sation   when urinating.  MNASD'S mraT-M^MalgiJ,  You do not have to'bo.'d rhinoceros  to realize Uiat beauty is only skin  deep.  A SOFT SEAT.  ".Wns ho on his knees wheal ho proposed ?"  "No,  I was !"h-Puc1��.  said  ; ���-     ���    GGOD   ADVICE.  "I conclude    that's   a lly  the* young trout.  "1Y011 are right, my dear," saM its  mother, "but never jump at conclusions."  True hnppiness consists not in thi  multitude of friends, but in the worth  nnd choice.���Boh; Jonson.  Sweet' are the thought Uiat savor of  content ;  The tfuictl    miiud    is    richer    tdran a  crown. ���Robert Greene.  Commonplace minds usually condemn what, is beyond the reach of  their uiKlorstu:nding.-��-Ilochefoucaiild.  no Indies in my kitchen.  "Well,   for   goodness'   sake   whoever  wanted to he in your old kitchen?"  The woman outside looked puzzled.  "Didn't you advertise that you wanted  a place?" she asked.  "Hardly. I advertised that I wanted a  girl."  The woman pttliod a copy of the paper  from her handbag and pointed at the  "small ad." column. Then it was that  Mrs. Wilkins saw thnt;her 'advertisement  had been placed in the "situations wanted" column. She didn't say much just  then, but when, after answering thirty-  six calls at the doorbell nud confronting  thirty-six men: and women who looked  hor over with the air of an employer, she  locked the front door and sped away to  ���the house of a neighbor, with the baby in  tow,'she .observed in a streuuoua undertone:  "Gracious! I wish I could;gel. Tom to  swear for me just a little  Woll, the  first box stopped these symptoms,  and continuing.-their use I. become  conipldtcliy cured.. All Uho citizrtis. of  Hat Portage were greatly surprised  nt the change in my nppearanec, I  can tell you. .���Thoy'..' often used'..to  greet me wi'Ui, "Hello, Mr. Barnes ���!  Why how smart you nro ..'looking I"  They were not far astray; I felt  smart, too, and younger and in bet-  publish this statement with my full  endorsation of your ��� remedy which  possesses real genuine merit.  II.  S.  BARNES.  Page Woven Wire Fence  Owing to the variations of the Canadian climate,  considerable allowanceniu.5- bo ir.adoln all fences  for contraction and expansion, whicli xnalies an ordinary wiroicncotmservicuablo,c3wheniti0ipanil.i   mn m l( ,    itbecomcscolooaoaatoproveof littlevalne,  Noto  tie continuous coil pss���=a=^-^te^tliiB makes it clastic and sclf-rcsulatine. Tho Pago  Wire Pencils made of "Pago" wire, which ia twice us strong us ordinary wli-n. Pries uie  particularly low thl*eaM��. 60,000 miles of Page fencco nowiauoa. We also cuke Gates,  Ornamental Fences and Poultry Netting. The Pono Wire Fence <'o..L'm!_��(t.WiHnr��ille.n-t. '2  ROSS & SPSS, General Agents, Box G33, Winnipeg. Man  HIS  ERRAND  BOY.  If you want to make your enemies  feel particularly sore, be happy.  Even the man who sings bass maybe '-high-toned.  The    floating   population    aro not  necessarily     thoso   who arc in    the  :<&���������  BABY IN TIIE HOME.  CANADIAN  SHORT ROUTE  MINARD'S LINIMENT for Sale Everywliere.  The man who imagines ho lias 11  biuik account cannot draw upon his  imagination.  A Joy  A door mat is preferable to a foot  pad.  VESTIBULE TRAINS  Through dining and sleeping  cars  TO  With close connection for Chicago  and  all  points  In  Ontario, Quebec, Maritime Provinces  Eastern and Western States  and  Pacific  Coast.  Excursion Tickets via Crcat Lakes  For Further Information' apply to  any Canadian Northern Agent ' '  ���7^'7{V|Ho^s;7This7.77r;*:7:|.:7  Wo ef&r Ono Hundred 'Dollars Howard 'or  uu-'ooot < f Ciitiii-rj t^u i cannot be cured by  lull's Catarrh Curo.'"';������*: ������������    .-.   .   ..���  ��� 3?��J. CHENES & CO., Props.,' Toledo'; O.  Wo,, tho utulorsL'S".sJ���; liuvo kuowu F - J.  Clioney Jot.tho last 13-yeni*, nnd beliovo him  porlec.Ij- hotiorali o jn all business tran*actinr.s,  aud fiuai'.cEjdiy able to cur;y one any obligatio*-.  madobytboir;.:rm. ' ��� ..;��� :;.;,...  W_ssi'isTr.UAii Whoussslo 3-nssisto, Toledo,  O., WAi.mso, luKHAii 63I.UJV1K, V(*holo3_Jo  DrnsKists.Toledo,O.���.������-.'���'���  .   ;    *   ,  llall'u Catarrh C111O 13 talnsu'.intornally.'act-  intrdirectij- upon tho b) cod aud mucous surfaces  of tlio sysUimf i'rioo 73c. i>:r'botUo.   Kold b:.  all ilriiwr'Rt-.   Twtix:��ju.Uiln free.   . . .'  Hull'.. I''u_iii!y PiUs ara tbu best. :. ���    .    =. "-���  Tho reason that somo .'.peoplo carry  tlieir hearts on thcir sleeves is nob  that their money crowds it ,out of  their pocket. ' -"'  Whatever weal or woe betide, be  that sense of duty still thy guide,  and all powers will aid.   Soutthey.  WinuipogCity Tickot, ToloffrapU and Freight  oflice, 431 Main St.. . GEO. H. SHAW, '  Tel 891.        --" ���   ' v ' Trafflo Mana��M*  CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY  TIMETABLE  Bault Sto. Mario, Owon Sound, Toronto nnd. East via Lakes, Monday, Thursday andSuturaay,....  Tuo8��� Fri.,' nnd Sun.......,..;...  Montreal, Toronto. Now York and  East, via all rail, daily. :.,  Rat Portago and intormodlato poiata  dally   Uolson, Lao du Bonnet ana Intormodlato points, Tlmrs. only .'.-  PorluKO la Proirio.Uriindon.Calgfiry,  Nolaoa and ull Kootenay and  all coast points, daily,,,.-   Portago la Pruirie, Brandon end in*  lurmediato points, daily except  rlundny ; ���..   QladHtoue, Neopawu, Minnodosa and  .   intormodlato points, daily oicojit  tiundny , .'  Shoal Lako, Vorkton niul intormodlato points, Mon., Wed., and Fri:  Tucs.. Thurs., aud Sn t.   Bapid City, Homiota, Jllniotn,Tues  day, Thur. aud Bat   Wou.. Wod.. uud Fri   ��� Mordent Dolornftio and ihternicdluto  j.ointa dully oxcept Sunday   Napinka. Alttmcdu uud iuteiniciliuto  f.ointi, daily oxcejit Sunday via  Iraudou  '. ,-..-.  Tues., Thur., nnd Sut   Qlonboro.fionria and intormediato  ,    . .K>iu_fl,dailyoxcoptSundny*.....���  Pipo-.touo, Hc&ton, Arcolu and inter  mediate noiuts, Hon., Wed., and  Fri. viallrnudon -.   Tucn.,'P-iur���and Sat, via Brandon  Frobyshiro, Hiroch, Uionftiit, Pito  Tan,TU3S���'J_hars,1Suf:.1 via Brand  ou  LV   All,  Tuos.; Thur., Sat.; Via Brandon'..  Orcttia. .St. l'aul. Chicago, daily ....  West Selkirk, Mon., Wed. ond Prl.. .  Tiios., Thurs.. uid Sat .-.....'  Stonewall, Toulon, Tue^., Thur., Sat.  Emorscm, Hon., Wod,, and Fri   J, W X-EONAKH,  tion Supt.  10.00  8.00  7.30  10.30  it  7.30  7.30  733  T.S0  8.20  7.30  0.0S  7.S0  ri)  ;u.io  18.30  10.15'  10.15  18.00  18.S0  lite  21.80  ���22.30  2.30  15.45  22.30  /-.  15.15  22.30  [M.SO  113.35  Still Anollirr Trlnmpli���Mr. Thomas S.  Bullen, bundcrla d, writes: " For fourtoon  vears I wns aiilicled with Files; and ft equont-  ly 1 was unnblo to walk or sit. but four years  aRO I was cured by using Dr. Thomas Eck'ctrio  Oil. I have also been subject.to Quinsy for  over forty yours, but Eclcctric Oil cured It,  nnd it.wns.n permanent_curo.inbotlica..cs,-as  nbithor tho Filos nor Quinsy havo troublod mo  Ho/doetli well Uiat rather seeveth  the coimnohwcdl than his own will���  Thomas A. Kempis.  13.20  " .0  In a V'ery.Bnil Yi'aj-.  "I have been kept; In the house ��� for  three days," said h'eltt, "with a felon ou  one of my Suiters." ���  "I know a iiian with foititeen hundred  felons on his hands, and they do not bother III 111 much," said Utitt.  "Koiirtreit litindrcd felons on hi.-) bunds!  Who is ItcV"  ���"The  wnnlt'ii  at  the'state'prlsou."���  ['hil.'idelliliia North American.  and Treasure When Good Na-  tured n��d Iloallhy.  All children in every home   in  the  country   need at some time or other  a medicino such as Baby's Owl Tablets,    nnd     this famous    remedy has  cured    many a    serious    illness ond  saved'  many   a little   life.   -Mothers  insist upon having- *t because itl contains no <.p_'.Uc or harmful flmijss. It  is  purely  vegetable,  sweet anil pleasant to kike uud prompt in its effect.  For simple fevers,   colic,   constipation,   disordered stomach,  diarrhocu,  irritation  accoinpnnyinij  tho cutting  of teeth nnd indgcsiioii, I3alt>y's Own  Tablet.s:m-e a certain euro. .   Ju fact  in  nlmost any  disorder  common    to  children those tablets should be given  at once and relief may  bo promptly  looked for.  Never givo ���'���..the, babies so-called  soothing medicines which simply put  Llwin into an unnatural sleep. TIicms  UiI_Gcts aire small, sweet, phu^aiiL to  tako and prompt in acti*��g.i Dissolved in water, thoy ..will'be taken readily by llie smallesL infant.  Mrs. .lolin AIcHwan, Bathurst Village, X. 11., writes : Aly baby was  almost constantly .troubled .with colic  before I gave h'ni Baby's Own Tablets, but since giving them to hun Jie  hns not since sulTored. Every mother  shoul'd keep tlicse tablets tiXwua's at  hamd."  TJiey cost 23 cents abox. You  can find them at your druggist's, or,  If-you-do-not, ���forward-the���money  ditect 'to us ami we will send the  tablets prepaid. The Dr. Williams  Medicine Co., Dept. 'T.',, Brockville,  Ont.  Alleged peacemakers   are sometimes  little better than busy bodies..;-.  There never was, and nover will  bo. a  universal panacea, in ono remedy, for all ills  to which flesh is heir���tho very naturo of  many curatives being such that were tho  germs of other aad dilTorcntly seated diseases rooted in tho syatom of tho patient���  what would rolio, 3 ono ill in turn would ap-  gravato tho othor.   We havo, however, 111  Quinino Wine, when obtainablo in a sound,  unadulterated stuto, a remedy for many and  grievous ills.   By its gradual and judicious  uso.tho frailest systems ero led into convalescence and strength by the influence wliich  Quinino exerts on nature's own restoratives.  If relieves tho drooping spirits of thoso witli  whom a chronlo stato of morbid despondency and lack of interest in lifo is a diseaso,  and, by. tranquilizin? tho nerves, dispot.GS.to  eoimd and ���: refreshing sioop-T-imparls vi^or  to tho uetion of   tho blood, which, being  6limiilatcd, courses throughout tho veins,  strengthening tho healthy animal functions  of tho system, thereby making activity a  necessary result, strengthening tho frame,  and giving lifo to tho digestivo organs,which  naturally demand increased substance���result, improved uppolito. Northrop & Lyman,  of Toronto hnvo given- to the publio thoir  superior Quinino Wino at tho usual rate, and,  gauged.iby tho opinion of scientists, this  wino approaches nearest perfection of any in  tho market.   All druggista sell it.  Tlio habit of looking on the best  side of overy 'event is worth more  than a thousand pounds a year.���  .lohnFou. '  .  Oui- greatest glory is not in never  falling, but in rising every time we  fall.���Confucius.  lie who can conceal his joys is  greater than he who can hide his  griefs.���J-avator.  IttltiN  So  KInU-i*  "Colonel," said the fair grass widow,  "suppose thnt ynu and I wore up in a balloon alone and"���  "Oh," lie ti!is\i-ei-tMl>.is the cold sweat,  began to upiieiir.on Ills forolienil. "Ihere'a  no ip.e suppii-dug that. 1 never go hnl-  louiihi!. without 11 chaperon."���Chicago  ltuL'ord-IIeruliI.  Many people are called firm merely  because they haven't tlio moral courage to own their second thoughts.���  Mrs. Craigie.  .Tim Bkrt . Pn.i.s��� Sir. Wm. Vnndorvoort,  Sydney Crossing, Out., writes: ��� * Wo hnvo boon  utiititf Pitrinoloo s I'ills,aud find them by far ll.o  bost pills wo over used." Fordolicafoand do*  bllitcd rotistitutioas these pill -act liko a  chnrin. Takon Itl small (to.ies tbo cflVt-t Is both  a tonic nml a stimulant, mildly exciting the  ticcrolious of tlio body, giving touo uud vigor,  iTover nnd ogua nnd bilious derangoments  aro positively cured by the use of Parmoloe's  Pills,- Thoy not only cleanso the stomach  and bov/els from all bilious matter, but tiny  opon tho OAcretory veesels, causing them to  iraurcopioiu-ofi'iistoua^from'-iho'-lilorid 'into*  tho bowels, after which tho corrupted ma^e  is thrown out by the natural pac-stge cf tho  body. They aio used as a geuaril faraily  medicino with tho bast results.  A Shopkccper'a/Eipcrleneca With a  -Lud tVhoni lie Tried to Tunic.  "The trouble between the small..shopkeeper and his customers." said a Columbus avenue haberdasher, "is due in large  measure .to the errand boy. 1 know 1  was a boy once, and I don't expect a boy  who works for three dollars a week to  take the same interest in my business that  I do. But my customers are not so charitable. In fact, they do not even consider  the boy.;. They kick to me.  "Take that boy of mine for a sample.  After a bunch of experiences with others  I hired this one antl tried to tame him by  taking an interest in him. His mother is  a poor woman. One evening when it was  raining I sent him home in u cab. He  had told nie it was his mother's birthday,  and I gave him a dollar and a small package of fruit for his mother.  "Two hours later the cabby came back  and said the boy had stopped on the way  and invested in cijarettcs,aud had.invited  him in to take n drink. ' Then the boy  tried to bribe the cabby to drive him to a  theater, and when the cabby refused the  boy cursed lilm and banged his feet  against the doors of the cab.  "At first I thought of discharging the  boy. But what was tke use, I asked myself. The aeit boy would do something  worse. I gave the hoy a lecture, not a  Mjvcre one; hut one which I thought  would make him son-y. He was a pretty  fair specimen of a juvenile reformer for a  week. Soon after I sent him to my house.  "While ho was on his wuy I called up  my wife and told her. to give him a lunch.  She did so. He ate like a hired man.  Then he put up a pitiful story about his  mother's illness. "My wife gave him half  a dollar to take to his mother. As he  passed out of the house he met my son,  who is several years.younger than himself, and. persuaded him to go along. My  own boy went homo sick nnd confessed  that he had been smoking cigarettes with  pop's messenger boy. who hud spent the  money whicli my wife gave him.  "All that time several packages for my  customers were waiting to be delivered.  One of the packages was delivered so  'late that the man refused to receive it.  The goods came back. I lost a customer.  I am not saying, that this boy is any  worse than the average boy who is employed to run errands. I have hod trouble with a lot of 'em. Each boy has his  particular braad of cusscducss. Each oue  soon forms tho acquaintance:: of other  boys in the neighborhood and they form  a trust on Ion ling.  "We can't employ men to run errands.  Y��UM} WOMAX���AGHD 21���just  como i��to possession of $14,000  ���wishes to correspond with honest,,  intelligent man, who would appreciate a good w.fo, Box 2,538 Toronto,  Ont.  iltay & Champion  BANKERS AND BROKERS  WINNIPEG.  Write to.us for prices of SOEIP,  Get our List of Lands.  Stocks and  Bonds Bought and  Sold,  Wo can fnrntoh tho exact amount of  Scrip for any payment on Dominion  Lands,   So not pay cash.  MEN AND WOMEN  $12 00 A WEEK  MA FIDE SALARY  to; represent. ns ������: a  pointing agents.  Some to travel,: oth-  or._ for local worki  Bapid   promotion  and increase of salary. Ideal employment, now brilliant linso;  beat plans; old established Houso.  Sradlcv-Garrctson Co., Ud., Branljord, Ont.  ��al?.cr'i ltaue  '(rfvciIUoi,      -  J-THiim  sod at ,  Uc a  ton.   '  FARM  SPELTZ���  WlltltlHftf  Catalog  tell,  I Proudest record of wiy soedmnaiTrm oaiUj, ,  ] and yet we are reachlug out for more., We  deviro, by July Int, SW.000 moro patrons and  I lieuco thin unprecedented offer. ., -r.;1 ;���.���������:-���'.''  m worth mm\aWi  We will mall upon recoipt of 15o lnKtamris  oiirCTeatvutaloifiu-. wnt-th HIOO.OO  to.any wide awaKOfarmer or eariiunoi-,  tocctlivi* with manv l-arni SonO kaiuptu  poflllvely worth jto.Wto (fot a start  with,uponrecelptof hut 15 CU,  lo Cuuadlao ftampa.  SSplfpa. .arltpit.,���{-ta-   _^_53?*  Please ','^^8s��^"":��<U'*1','��'__-^_!^_  The .  best'     reward  wrought   well    already,  more to do.���Kingsley.  for    having  is : to have  The most delicate and the most  sensiblu of all pleasures consists in  promoting the pleasures of others.���  I* Bruyerc.  Our business rctiuires us to hire cheap  boys. Vou can philosophize all you  please, hut you can't'-make a three dollar  a week boy believe that there is any future: for hiin. Suflicieut unto tho day is  the sum aud su hstuncc of his existence.  And so tho small tiadosman is at tho  mercy of this urchin. We have to submit."  The tradesman had a call on* tbo telephone. After putting up the receiver he  .continued:���  ::Life -is a succession'oflessonswhich  must:bo lived; -to" be :7understood.���<  Emerson.':'���'... .--.-��� -liXtX--; "'. 7* :"i  The seeds of our ".punishment - are  sown at tlio same Vine wc cojiunit  siri.���Hesiod.  Thou slmlt rest sweetly if thy  heart condemn thee not.���Thomas  a'Kempis.  That was a ring from the police station. They've got my hoy locked up for  breaking the window nt a Chinese laundry. I've got to get him out because I  have six oackages hove awaiting delivery."  He hns a right to grumble who is  perfect in all tilings.���E.:J. Oh'antlon.  Somcifctnir Doing.  Irate Customer���See here, . Fitz, I'm  tired of being dunned by you.  Tailor���Very likely, and I'm tired of  being done by you.���Chicat-o N��ws.  The wealth of a man is the   mini-.  ber-of-t]iiiigs_wlTich    he loves    and"  blesses, which he is loved and blessed  by.���Cnrlylo.  "Oh,  Ami   Ot?  lie  Went.  my," excliiitned the dettdbent who  had been ostentnlioit.'-ly lisliititr for his  fare, "I've lost my lit-=t nickel! I'm aot  ns well off as I 'thought I was."  "No," replied the wise- conductor as'ho  rang the bell, to blop, "hut you'io really  better ofT."���Philadelphia l'ross.  Ho.oc  is.se  17.1C  <J. >:. JloPUEUSON.  Qea, Pass. __fi  Ilccliirooltr-  "Do yon think your constituent! will  lend their indorsement to four course?"  bu id the friend.  '  "I,never thought about it," tiiswercd  Senator Sorghum. "But'If..ay constituents will keep out of debt and not ask  ine for indorsements I'll be Willing to  tu lie chances on needing theirs."���Washington Star.  An lmprvsiiioB.  "I am very nitich afraid," said MIm  Cayenne, "that I am losing my roputatiac  as a keen observer and a satirist."  ."What makes ynu think so?".  "Several people yesterday said tliey  were glad to _.ce_ me as if they really  mount it."���Washington Star. '  A good heart is like the sun for it  shines bright ami never changes, but  keeps its course truly.���Shakespeare.  Paj'te complements is not litfuid-  atiag a debt.  ��� .��� "'  I��' Hl< Favor.      _    - t  , She���Papa says that a young'man who  smokes cigarettes will never, set "tli*'  world on fire. ....-.���..-.     - -.j.,..  He���Well, that's tho first good thing I ! wives,  ever heard any' one say of a cigarette '    He���I   don't   know.    I   suppose she's  Bmoker.���l'onkers Statesman.'     , _ - murryiug him to reform him.���Smart Set.  t   Laudable, Ambition.  She���Why is Ornce going to marry Mr.  I'Mueliwe'd?   Ue' has  already  had  three  Tootli Powder' 25'  Good for Bad Teeth  Not Bad for-Good Teeth  Sbxodont ia<r.ai��l 25c.   Large Liquid and Powder 75o*  At all stores o* by moil.   Samplo of tho Liquid for tho postage, 3c*  HAtrb (& aUCKEL* Now YorK��  And lot v.i. supply yon with  a clean cut,mouern lot tlint  wil 1 bright-nii up your priRos  nnd plonso your roiido/s  nud ndvertisors. Writo us  for osttmntcs on nny thing  in printer's materiul,   : ; :  TOEONTO TYPE  FOUNDRY CO'Yi  175 MiDormofc Ave., Winnipeg  W. N. U. No. 359. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY SEARCH 15, M*  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY   IN   TUB   IN-  TI0KDST6 OP THU MASSES  BV  TIIE lNDKtPENDKNT PRINTING COM.  PANY.  BASU.ME.VT      OF     FLACK     1JLOCK  HASTINGS STPJiET,   VANCOUVER, H. C.,  SUBSCRIPTION'S   IN   ADVANCE.  A week, 3 eenls; month, 15 cents; three  months, Uo fonts; six months', 03 cents;  one j ear, sl.'23.  ENDORSED BY TIIE TRADES AND  LAIJOR COUNCIL, THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  enthusiastic supporters, but nevertheless this >lk-mlHi wny of trying to convince people was in no small irtnsure  the cu-.ife nt' .Mr. BodwcU's defeat, lt  .-iioulil be .in object lesson to Y.inecu-  The nbvtrnii of the 29th annual report of the tV-iisti-ar of 'births, deaths  anil tnaiTiiiKt's of the province of British t'olutiilii.i. Just issued .shows llie  registration for the province of _\107  lili'ths, 1,100 deaths, ar.il 1,1L'_! mat ring}*  for the year IUO], against 1,771 births,  1,-liH ilfiithx .uul 1.001 niariiaires for the  year Ittofl.  SATI'RDAY.  .MARCH 13, 1302  XVe tire infoiiiied that there i.s a re-il  editor in L'uniul.i. who don't use tho  scissor!-,    iie uses a knife.  "Because uf  brow n -su^ar  taken   place  ��� it increase in the prlco o'  a revi\al in Ontario 'has  in   uie   maple   sim;ar   In  dus tr;.  A  .sweet ht.ite ol utfairs lilts.  Speakins of the property qunllflc.i-  fiun fur inaycr and altlertneii, doej it  Rl\e 'i"ti Iji.-iIus'.' If it diii, it should  lie r.ii:-1_11 up to about a. million for  Vdin-on\ ur's heticftt.  "Wind i.s nil right in a balloon, but it  don't cut much ilitjiii-e in an election  conte-.t. This was demonstrated very  eltcctively in Uie Prior-Bndwell light  iMomlay. Tho "Ions* green" i.s more convincing.  An exchange sny.s that tha $].000-bi!l  is becoming (utile rare in circulation.  There may ibe something: in the rumor,  ���for v.e'\e not noticed any of into. In  fact, we've 'been too'busy uuniiing-om-  dtfbtors..  The native sons took another long  pull nnd ;i st.-onsr pull at Jimmy's leg  lasl Monday. Hut Jimmy will slti.-ia  for that if .he can only .siuff off the E.  & N., together with that bonus. Oh,  ���but he's wise.  Nobody but an ass .would sugggest  such a regulation as to hold the licensee responsible fry a policeman talking  a drin'k. It is a deliberate insult to the  .police and is probably the .suggestion  of a very ignorant aeison.  The world is poorer m the loss of cx-  fiovei-nor Altgeid, of Illinois, who died  on Tuesday night. He had a great  ���heart In ���hint and was .relentlessly pursued 'by the money sharks ot" the United States, because he dared to bellet.e  thut .'ill  were oorii fiee and ettuul.  The provincial liuanee minister has  just presented a return to the legislature .showing it hat Tiritlsh Columbia'.!  revenue for the half year ending Dec.  .'list last aniniiiiud to $741,-J4r>, whilst  the ev| ciid'tiii-i im- the same period  was JI;.',23;xi.i, making a'deticit of tSJSl,-  7.1-1 fo.- the six months. Tliis Is a tae,-._  trille for '.Mr. Prentice. "Prentice" is  a good word for sucb an administrator.  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  The Referendum.  Unless some such check as the referendum would supply is placed upon  the people who nre now controlling  our government, there will soon be  nothing left worth giving away.���Win-  nliieg  Tribune.  Good to his promise, Mr. Smith Curtis, i.M. P. P., has- introduced in the  legislature a bill, No. 10, being an net  respecting trades unions and kindred  associations, and is cited as tho  "Trades Unions  Protection Act, 1002."  The civic tii-enien 'have asked for an  increase of salary. They wonk longer  hours and are the poorest paid of any  ilremcn or. the coast, and desenve :i  raise in their wages.  Christianity vs. War.  It I.s no marvel that Christianity is  losing Its influence, when Its piofessed  exponents preach bloodshed. The gospel of peace, of overcoming <;vil by  good, of loving enemies, has become  antiquated.���Huntingdon, Out., Gleaner.  Should Be Thrown Open to Settlers.  The Crow's Nest Coal company -s  said to be anxious to ihave the Dominion government, select Its .">0,0OO acres  of coal land in East Kootenay, but  wants It held in resenve after being  selected. It should be selected and  then ihrown open to locution.���Phoenix  Pioneer.  tThc Store t  Twith a Purpose |  A     Looking  backward,  the  reason^  ���   of this store's existence (decided *  i   nine yuus atjo) was a good one. *  Y  ]lo toll, und we think we   have  j   proven    to    some   extent,    ihul  i   thcru is room in this city fi>r a  ay store that, sells satisfactory iiuiil-  ��� ities on n small margin of |-ro-  | lit. l-'roin tho very bcgiauiiitr we  f worked (iiml to the best ot our  T alulity) on the principle that the\  . store that buys largest can sell J  j the cheapest, the store thut tsX  X most lair with its customers nnd J  a) irives the best value.-, is going to |  i   net the greatest iimount ot trade. ���  ��� The same principle applies to.lay. ���  ��� liccaiise this Store is the largest J  9 Dry tloods Store iu the city, doi  ���   not  overlook  tin;    fact    wo    ��� -  For gall thai excites one's admiration Premier Diinsiouir and his coterie  of grafters lake the cake. As if it  were not enough to announce in the  legislature that he intended giving the  Canadian Northern .1 fabulous sum as  a 'bonus, he adds insult to injury by  informing lite public that one of the  conditions is that, the railway people  shall buy the M. ,fc N. This means, we  ..'-Mime, that while the province is being skinned to the tune of about $10,-  CC.1.UU0 in land and money, Jimmy will  get even on .Mackenzie k Mann by selling his cnie-iioise road to them for a  qoud round sum. Oil, generation of  snifters���ni tists.  Tiie    Youngstown   (O.)  nothing if not enterprising  7th It issued a  twelve-p.ii  Labm-itc   is  On Marjn  e eight-col-  ilt i�� the wont of we very moral (?)  Britishers to point the finger of scO:'n  at corrupt legislators in the United  States. Where will tbe found a more  brazen-faced piece of political jobbery  than the 'Canadian 'Northern deal proposed to .be pyt through 'by Dunsmulr?  A suggestion lias been made to The  ���Independent worth considering, naine-  ��� ly, to let the thospltal site and buildings, whether t!hc- old or the new, continue to stand in the name of the city  for 'hospital purposes, and not be sold  or transferred without tihe Joint assent  of the city council and the new board.  This would give the council effective  control of all property bought by it  and meet that difficulty.  One of the odd things of campaigning, writes Bennett Burleigh, the w.r,  correspondent   of    the   London    Tele-  umn anniversary edition. "Youngs-  town's Business Proclamation," signed  by all the lending business ifirms of  t'hat enterprising iron .city, appears on  the first page, and at once stamps the  Labor!te as being ono of the leading  publications of that state. The tradesmen are .beginning to sec the great importance of n labor pape'r, and consequently are gradually supporting it  more and more every day. Tito L'l-  borite is one of our newsiest exchanges,  active in the cause, and well merits  the success it is now enjoying. May  bad luck forever follow- t'he Lti'bori.e  ���but never catch up to it, is the worst  wish of The Independent.  Smith Curtis, speaking in, the legislature Tuesday, criticized the conduct  of Mr. Dunsmuir in his"relations with  Lieutenant-Governor -Mcinnes, 'which  lie declared culled  for explanation.  'Hon. Mr. Ditnsnuiir���"That 'was my  ���business."  Mr. Curtis���"I don't hear you."  Hon. 'Mr. Eberts���"He says it was  not your funeral."  Mr. Curtis���"No, it wasn't my funeral,  it  was  the Governor's  funeral."  And Dunsmuir laughed .with G'HOUL-  1S11 glee.  Knighthood.  It is said it cost Mr. Dunsiuuii- $100,  000 to seat lus colonel.) But if be sells  his .railway and gathers in a knighthood such a sum is a mere bagatelle.  No one will deny that physically, socially, ethically, and, in fact, in every  sense, he will make a model, modern,  polished, .courtly sir knight.���Victoria  Times.  Socialism vs. Competition.  The next move of evolution will be  socialism. Socialism means the operation of all the indiistiies by the people, for the people. Competition Ins  ibeen so general that the economists  mistoook it for a law of nature, wlvn  it is only an incident. Competition is  no more a law of nature than i�� hate.  Hate was once so thoroughly believed  in time we gave it personality and called it the devil. The trusts are getting  ready for socialism. Humanity is  gmwing ir. intellect, in patience, in  ikindness, in love.' And when the time  is ripe the .people will stop in and take  peaceful .possession of their own.���The  Philistine.  Land-grabbing Up-to-date.  There is nothing the matter .with  Mann & .iMackenzie. Talk about this  being a, democratic country, the government does' not begin to understand  the meaning of the word. Before one  can get a parallel in English history  to such a lief of land as tiiese grabbers would claim one must go back to  the days of the Plantagenets. when  the lordly b'aion had at least to light  for bis country In return for his baronial acres. What in thunder would  ���Messrs. Mann & Mackenzie do? Hire  a few Japs or Chinese or DoukaborsV  ���Rossland World.  graph, happened to t'hut .untiring and  fearless leader, Lord Methuen. In Older to trap a few Boers he made  a, rapid night march. Unfortunately  the night was pitch dark and Ills  guides were indifferent. Moving with  great caution lie suddenly found himself close to a convoy, rushed, and successfully captured It. It was 'lils own  and .he had been marching In a circle.  If this noble lord had been captured  two years ago the British cause would  not have suffered any thereby.  We had thought that VancouverheU  ���llrst place In .the province for dirty  party bigotry, but it Is not In it wl'l��  Victoria. The rowdy scenes at thu  public meetings held there during the  f'cent 'Bodwell-Prlor contest ���would  ���e.i'Tipare favorably .with those ofBed-  l"in of old London. Think of human?  howling like wolves when a public man  attempted to malke <a speech���even  though his ideas and principles wore  ���of the coarnest klrid. Twentieth century politics Jhould 'be run on a higher ami more enlightened .plane. The  noisy element always kills reform and  is nauseating to people of common  sense and decency, air. Bodwell and  his committee, we are Informed, were  not to 'Mama for the actions of their  PROPERTY QUALIFICATION.  La Patrie, or Montieal, is pointing  out wHM'-SOinc force in -its columns that  the system of demanding a monetary  qualification for mayor and aldermen  is not at all necessary to the well being of ithe city.   It complains that Mon  treal is peculiarly unfortunately situated in this respect, being Uhe only  city on this continent whose qualifications lor mayor reach the high liguie  of J10.000 for the mayor and $*i.C00 ior  the iitdermcn. iHnltlinore puts this  quallllcation at t'2.000 for the mayor,  WOO to *.��0 for the aldermen. Quebec  and 'Halifax asked foi- $2,000 from both  mayor an aldermen. Toronto demands fl.COO kikI so do Hamilton, Ottawa and St. Jean. Winnipeg ii.sk.s for  $500 only.  On the other ihsind New York, Chicago, Hoston, Philadelphia, SI. Paul,  Cleveland, tjtlc-a, 'Lowell. Troy, Albany,  Portland, M;��� Plttdhurg, F\ill River.  Springfield, Newark, Buffalo, Toledo,  Cincinnati, .Milwaukee, Manchester,  Providence. Hartford. Syracuse and  Jersey City aie all alike In demanding  no monetary qualification whatsoever.  La Patrie nia'kcs the claim that these  cities are no .worse governed than the  cities In the Iirst list, und declaring tills  to Hie the ease wants to iknow the sen.-te  of Ikeeplng up such an  illiberal lay.  Tin Mlatu  In located' at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled goods nre  nil ttrst-cliiRR and the prices right for  uvery one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  Some Yawning Vacancies.  There lias 'been of late quite an outbreak of criticism and admonition of  the pi ess of Canada. The givers of advice have not iheen newspaper workers,  but clergymen, college professors and  other worthies. There are just now-  several newspapers offered for sale.  Why do not the critics talke a hand in  the game Chey seem to know so well?���  Toronto Printer and Publisher.  are m%  trying to get your trude liy ol-T  Turing you qualities that satisfy *  nt prices you will certainly be^  satisfied witli; for our policy is^  to sniisiy our customers, a pol- J  icy that 1ms caused us to ex-A  lend our stoic spaeo to three $  times the extent it wus 2 years j  ago. ���  ���  Mo S/ur/ic^cy **& Sen/Lurwis vflS  && /U0-U/ dfinAiiva, if r  cl  : Hincif e  CORRECT   DRESS ]-"OK  WOMKN.  170    Cordova     St.,  Vancouver.^  ^^.���..���.^^.���..������^^.������.���.44>��-��-^^.��.*#.^+  WA NTHD ��� AGENTS ��� Don't forget,  ("The early bird catches the first  worm") we give you advance information a'bout fho best to appear, PHEli.  Send your address immediately. J. M.  Mucliregor Publishing Co., Box 417,  Vancouver.  .Will Again Be Dead.  And "Joe" Martin will ibe good an.l  dead when Sir Hlbbert Tupper succeeds in burying ihim as completely as  he, Sir Hibbert, buried the remedial  government, of which he was a distinguished member.���Toronto Telegram.  THEATKE ROYAL.  On  Friday,  March    21st,  the    Clara  Mathcs Stook company has kindly consented to give a benefit to the Trndjs  ti.n<l_Lalbor__councll _of_thls city,__the.  proceeds of which will go to assist the  needy miners on the island. The play  has been especially selected for the  occasion, and will be put on the boards  for the first time on the coast. It i:  entitled The Reign of the Emperor  Tickets, 50 cents.  masses of the people In that country  dilfors so widely fionn the standards  prevailing in the province, thus enabling .them 'to work for a much less  wage.  "That it Is in the inteiest of tlio  empire that the Pacific .province of the  Dominion should be occupied iby a  large and thoroughly British population ni'iher than by one In whioh the  number of aliens would form a large  proportion."  ���We find tihat these representations  aio substantially true and urgently  call for a remedy.  XVe also find thait the Increase of 'the  capitation tax from'$50 to ?10ft is ineffective and inadequate.  Your commissioners are of the opinion 'that 'the funther i.umigni'tion of  Chinese labjrers into Canada ought to  be prohibited. _  That tlie most desirable and effective  means of obtaining ithls mid i�� by  treaty supported toy. suitable legislation.  That in Wie meantime and until this  can be obtained ithe capltiition tax  should be raised to $30.  The only point upon Which your commissioners do not agree Is the date  when tiie capitation tax of $..C0 ought  to come into effect. The chairman  and Commissioner Foley 'are of the  opinion thnt the capitation should be  raised to $500 at once, while Commissioner Munn is of opinion that $300  should be Imposed for two years, and  if a prohibitive treaty be not obtained within that period, that it then, be  raised ot  $500."  It is not    charity    that  wants so much as justice.  the    world  C. Ellis, corner Cnmbio and Cordova streets, is the place you can get  your hair cut in an artistic manner.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancou  ver by white men���are you drinking it ?  a <Iny���a month, ls the common excuse. It was what the captain  of a vessel said���on returning from ithe voyagie he would Insure. But  he never caime back. The vessel was wredked; he was lost; his family  waa stranded,  too, financially,   by his procrastination.  No other time ls equal to the present moment for Life Insurance In  cost and opportunity, and no policies surpass Uiose of the Union  Mutual in iprivilegos and values.  Details sent free.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or writo for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  *}  o  it  it  i>  9 *������>���>*>+*>������> ���������������������������������������� �������,�����������������  Procure one of our Shnmrodk Ties for Monday. 1lio 17th.  Wc have tliem In Derbies and Shield Rows for high-band turn-av'er collars.   Trices '23c and 50c.  T'he latest styles of Spring lliits a re just to hand, including a large assortment of Christy's feather-weight stiffs. They are the lightest, most durable and most up-to-date .hat for gen tleuien's wear s-hown by, exclusive hatters to-day. Why,pay $4.00 and $5.00 for a hat you can procure from us at  $.1.00 ami $.1.30? '    ���  RLKTHONE  CLUBB   &   STEWART,  702. 160 Cordova Street.  PATRQNIZE^UNION CLERKS.  All members of the R. C. I. P. A. can show t his card.  Ask for It when oakiag jour pcrcliucs.  CNDORVCD BY THE *.  F.OfU  ONCTHIHO ACTUAL SIZK.  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only duriDft months named on right  hand corner and whoa proptirly fti.rnoa aud  stamted with the number of tho Local. ���  CHINESE COMMISSION.  An Ottawa, dispatch says ithat the  rcimrt of the royal commission to enquire 'Into Oriental Immigration, lias  been made public so far as thut part of  It relating to Chinese Is concerned.  The .findings are prefaced 'by the following Quotation from the minute ol  council authorizing the appointment of  a royal commission, setting forth "the  representations madehy the people and  legislature of liritish Columbia:"  '���That the provlncs l�� flooded with  an undesirable class of ipeople n'on-as-  alnillatlvc and moat detrimental to the  wage-earning classes of ithe people of  the province, and that, this extensive  Imnvlgiutlon of Orientals is also a menace to the ihealth of .the community:  "That ther; ls probability of a great  disturbance to the economic conditions  In the province and of grave Injury  being caused' to tho woiflolng classes  by the large Influx of laborers fro-n  China, us Uhe standard of living of the  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  SealLiquor Company;^ :���   Tbe Mint >  Is the new saloon at tlie corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets. Case  goods are the best, anil the prices O. K.  Seattle Rainier beer; 5 cents.  If you want a jeally good rye whisky  at a low price, our 60c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 740 Pender street.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Drink Red Cross Beer, the beer that's  pure, 76c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Fender street.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up oi the weak"���60c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  P.  O.  E.-VANCOUVEB ABRIH, No. G.  meets   Wednesday    evenings;   visiting  brethren welcomo.   Bert Robinson, W. P.;  Grey Ure, W. 8.. Arcade.  JOB PRINTING AT  THE INDEPENDENT."  UNION CIGAR FACTORIES.  EFYDOOTV&iig Is o. Kst of the Union oigar factories hi Brifflsm OolumlMa Who  use tlhe blue la'bed:  W. Tletjen, Nlo. 1�����toisllon No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kurtz & Co. No. 2���Division No. B8.  Vancouver.  Inland Ctlg&r Manufacturing Oompany, No. J���DiVIBlon No. S8, Kta.m_oo.ps.  iB. Wlfflberg & Oo., No. 4���Division No.  38, New ���WetrtmiliiEter. ���    '  T. Woxtstook, No. 6���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kotowna Shippers' Union Company,  No. 8���Division No. 38, Kelowna.  Wirier Bros, No. �����iDivtlalon No. 38,  Rossland.  ���Kootenay-Oisar-iranisSaotuiing-Oons-:-  ptany, No. 10���Division No. 38, Neieon.  Moins & Johnson,-No.-2--Division No.  37, Victoria.  M. BantUay, No. E���Division No, 37,  Victoria.  ���Island Cigar FtWWoy, 8. Norman, No.  6-Mvision No. 37, Vtatorta.  ^Province Gigar Co., No. 7���Division  No. 37, VJotorto.  A, Sctaioter & Sons, No. 8���Division  No. 37, Vtotorta.  P. Qatde, NO. 9���DIvlsloo No. 37, Nanalmo.  J. Lory, No. U���DWUBton No. 37, Victoria.  IM. J. Booth, No. M-UvMob No. 37,  Nanaimo.  C. Q. BtOmaeo���DlvHSon No. (7, Victoria,  T. P. Gold, Cnpltol Cigar Factory,  No. 12, Victoria. B. C.    '  Harris & Stuart, No. 6���Division No.  38, Revelstoke.  J. Martin, No. 7���Divlalon No. 38,  Sandon.  Fhelln & McDoiuratfi, No. 12���Division 38, Ndson.  PARIS ORBJBN. HHI____B_BORE  AND WHAUa OIL SOAP for tb* extermination of the OUT WORM and  other Insects���tor eale by tiie MeDow-  ��J1, Atfcte*, Watam Ooarpany, Tho  DiVSvMat Vmmutw.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  - LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  IC  Works,  lm|>orfer�� and Bofffers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  BOLE AGENTS.  Ftor stomach trouble ot sny Und tabs  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. Tliey cam  or you get your money', book. GQc boat.  McDowell, Atkins, Wataoot Oo.  .1  111  i  n  !  il  4  a  i>__  if  'A  4  _���!  "    ��� !i  jnM*w*w*rw��w��*i-�����j-��� o  * SATURDAY MIAAOH 15, 130  THE INDEPENDENT.  Hardware,  Stoves,   Ranges,   Etc.  35  Hastings  Street  Cast.  PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY  Uy Smoking  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," "Spanish Blossom"  They are tho best in the land uml tnailo by  Union Labor in  KURTZ & CO.'S PIONEER CIGAR FACTORY  f VANCOUVER, B. C.  JEM^Call for them and seo that you get them.  m UNDER CON  TRACTORS.  Reynolds condemns the home government for not learning something about  contracting methods, instead of talking  _ so much about methods of expansion.  The writer says that It is now mo-.-e  than two years since their Incompetence was first exposed, 'but they have  .paid no attention to public censure and  the latest revelations of their scnndal-  ou's muddling nre as astounding* as any  that have gone before. Moreover, we  have not come to the end of this dls-  - graceful business by any means. Even  in what is known as the remount  scandals, still more serious exposures  are expected when the Inquiry Is held.  .What are we to think of a government  that calmly walks into a ghastly war  of several years' duration when its intelligence is not .equal to the commonplace task as that of buying horses?  Let us lock at the facts as revealed by  the committee appointed to investigate  Hie charges inade'by'Slr-Blunde.l Maple.  More than, two years ago, Captain Ilur-  tigan Introduced a Mr. Lowison lo the  remount ollicer on the Yeomanry Committee. Mr. Lowison is given a contract to supply horses from Hungary  ���a contract worth more than ��100,000.  Lewison gives Hartigan a commission  ���of .two and a. half per cent. It appears  ��� th'at 3.S0O cobs were supplied,', nnd 2,300  of theso were examined .by Captain  Webb. The other 1,500 were passed  by Hartigan. ��� In other words, the very  man employed to  Pass .the Horses    ���    '  wna drawing  a commission   from the  contractor supplying them.  There were two prices in this contract The first was ior 1,500 horses at  '��33 Ids 8d each and the-second was  for 2,300 at ��26 each. Why was the  outrageous price of ��33 paid for the  llrst lot? . There appears to be no" reason whatever why they should not have  been bought at ��26. The difference is  ��7 lGs Sd per horse, and for 1,500 horses this means a loss of ��11,730. Mr.  Lewison siib-let the contract to a Mr.  Hauser, of Vienna, paying Hauser ��22  a horse, whilst Hauser is said to have  picked tliem up for ��S and ��12 apiece.  We have the evidence of the best" authorities thnt the horses supplied were  ��� often quite unsuitable. Kitchener himself called .some of them "flat-catchers." Hut what achievements could  you expect from horses worth ��S? K  the '.C3Q a-plece, niore or less, had been  paid 'for really good1 animals, there  might be, little to complain aibout, but  when suioh a price Is pa'id���for rubbish,  It constitutes a scandal. Mr. Hab-  liousc, IM.P., puts the profit on the  , contract for these 3.S00, horses at ��41,-  '��� 000. ,/As\t'he itotal nuinlber ot horses  ���sent out.has reached albout a quarter  ���-of a million, we can work out a litt'e  ; rule-of-throe . sum;- and guess^ liov.-.  Tnuch tihe contractors have made .during the iwar''so far. -TVe know that  ���che'government'hod'spent nearly ��13,-  ���000,000 up to November 1 laat. Uy now  "they must have spent another ��5,000.,-  '���000. - Sliall -we .put the contractors"  Profits "at   ��$000,000,  ������counting It up In the light of   the re  -cent revelations?   If co, the taxpayers  'have lost at leant   five   millions   of  money more thnn they ought to ha^'o  ������done on  the matter of horse*  alone.  ILordijCarrlngton    has asked   in    tihe  House 'of Lords .whether Rothschild'^.  'flnn found ithe" capital for Lewison.   It  '.Is a,little surprising to find 'Lard Cnr-  t-ltigton asking suoh delicate qusctlon:.  about the relatives of his great friend  ���Jtosobery.     Hnrtlgan's    statement    Ih  that   Leu ison   ivenfc to thet city   and  raised   ��75,000 (from the    Rothschilds.  Now, let us look at ithe meat question.  Tnait distinguished Mr.  BroOrlck has  ,.   -- *v   *���  just been bragging albout aLsannng of  ��o0,00Q a month' in the oontracts for  meat for th�� troops.   Well, ithe war  hag been 'going   on   for twenty-setven  -months.   Have wc, then, been diddled  ��� out of. JCCO.OO�� too much eaiah month  for nearly all that'time?   Ha3the.g0v-  ��� emmemt muddlea sway a iwllllon - on  meat?   Is lt only now that the waste  Is stopped?  ���Mr. Brodrlck has another boast. He  has effected a. saving of thirty per  cent, iu the cost ot supplies in Cape  Colony. We may put this saving at  ��300,009 a year, and assume that the  pravious waste here was at least half a  million, ls that a mere trille? Th'e  new meat contract has gone to the  Arm of liergl & Co., 'as to whicli firm  Lord Cari-ington has asked whether  one of Its aneni'bers wns fined at Liverpool police court 'for selling meat  under the false description that it came  from New Zealand. Hero is another  question nbout another flnn. Is it  true, ns stated, that the South Africa  Supply & Cold Stoihge company ha*  made a. million pounds on its army  contracts'.' ll' true, t'he question arise-:  whether it i.s right that such a huge  margin of profit should have been diverted tp ons finn. Sir Howard Vincent lias expressed bis satisfaction at  tindlnq a n.-iluction In ihe price of landing horses in South Africa. We lisjd  to pay, he says, 10s. a head and now  the price is _s..9d. Then, ih.-i.vo we paid  Ss. 3d. too much on oa;h of about,  say, 2-10,000 horses'.' This works out  at' .CUD.ftOO. Such is, roughly, the nature of the most  Recent Indictments  against tho government. The evidence  of Mr. ���.Maple audi Howard Vincent nnd  the admissions <il" Mr. Brodrlck himself cannot the ali-lly dismissed, and  the policy of leferrlng tlieni to n committee composed of the relatives and  Intimate frlPi.ds of members ol'^the  government will turn out to be a weak  trick and one somewhat scurvy, al.50.  What wc- want is-ty thoroughgoing Inquiry into all the novarnnieiit's transactions in this regard. ' lt is not a  question of horses only! It, is more  than a mutter of .meat. .We want to  know something about .the whole system .of_contracts, about the millions  wasted on tho' wrongly-built torpedo  destroyers- of our phantom fleet, and  why no one has been called to account  l'cr llie disaster!, to these destroyers,  about tlie true history, of the IKynojh  con tracts, andi about the abominable  sweating of the workers that 'has been  carried on In connection with army  contracts. Wlieiii these matters have  been explained, we shall-a_.k why contractors are clamoring at the war office for payment of Instalments. Pin-  ally, we> shall ask why the goawrn-  meiH .withholds from the soldiers tha  back pay to wlilch they arc rightfully  entitled.  J. 0, LUNDIE DROWNED  Wharnock,   B.   C,    March   13.���The  young  man  who  met   his    untimely  death at Stave river by drojynlng was  J. O. Lundle.   He was in the employ t.f  Mr.   Stewart  for  about   three,   years.  The two men mentioned went down under the bridge together to within four  feet of the wr.ter to get the lenghs of  the bents.   Mr. Lundle had a piece ot  stick about live feet long ln his hand  for a. measure.   He walked out on the  planks for a distance of some S3 feet,  apparently safe enough,   air. Stewart  had   turned   for  a  moment  or  so   to  look for something,  when one of the  men above called to hlni, saying t'hat  there was someone In the water.  There  was a boy standing in a 'boat by the  shore.   Mr. Stewart, quick as a Hash,  threw the rope In tlie skiff,  which he  shoved off, the boy starting Immediately to row as fast as he could direct to  the spot where the sad accident took  place.    Though  tlie distance   was  so  short, yet. Just us 'he got within the  length of the boat, poor Lundle went  down  to  rise no 11101 e.    Tlie accident  was most singular, for the victim hail  been, in less time than it takes to explain it, working only four feet above  Uhe  water,  .ind' was  within  seve.-i  or  eight feet of a raft, where he fell in,  besides  there was a snag boat close  uy.   Another noticeable fact was that  he  was lying on  his .back    when he  gradually sank.    As soon  as   Lundle  had  disappeared '11 r.    Stewart,  In all  haste,   sent   one   of   the   men  for   the  grappling hooks, and within a couple  of  mlnues  the    drowning    man  was  grappled  for.    One    man    tried  fhre.1  times without success, when Mr. Stewart, on the second attempt, caught the  unfortunate.     Consequently    it   could  not have been 11101-3 than ten minutes  from the timJ Che accident took plane  before Lundic was rescued. Everything  was dime that,wns possible to resuscitate life, but it 'was of no avail.   Thus  ended the career of one of tlie noblest  of    young    men.    He iwas a faithful  worker and  well   liked  by 'his  fellow  workmen.   When one considers all tho  dangers surrounding the tnaintenance-  of-way men, they should be a class (if  workers  most honored  and  respected.  .Among those wiho feel the keenest sorrow is Foreman Stewart.    He speaks  highly of.���Mr. Lundle as 'being one of  the most faithful men Iho ever hnd  in  his   employ.    Another very    touching  fact was his betrothal to Miss McTag-  gart, of Mission .Clly.    This estimable  young  lady  is  prostrated   with   gri.?f,  and  the shock ihas made it necessary  for   tlie seiwices    of  a   doctor.   'Her  ���brother,   who 'Is  also  well   known    in  these parts, Is tit present engaged with  James McLaughlin    on . the big Mission bridge.    Universal sorrow Is expressed by all  the people hereabouts,  especially by lallway employees, in the  demise of J. O. -Lundle.  and Anarchistic Socialism In the United Stales. Before such a wave of feeling the ordinary constructive Socialist Mill find his efforts hopeless.  TRADES CONGRESS ACTIVE.  A conference has been held tit Ottawa, of the available ofllcers of the Dominion Trades and Labor congress, thi;  business being to tnke steps lo carry  out the Instructions of the 'Brantford  convention, to properly hri.ig before  the government the demands uf labor,  and also to consider the measures and  .proposals of a .parliamentary character  that the labor membeis -ire dealing  with. After a careful consideration of  tlie  Allen Labor Law,  and In view of the experience under  It of the pnst year, the conclusion was  reached that the poor results from it  were not Justly attributable to defects  in the act as amended last session, but  rather to the refusal to take the responsibility by tlie government which  tlie act still places upon it. The transference of the operation of the act 1111111  the attorney-general to t'he minister of  labor will be sought and the acceptance  by that minister of the responsibilities  imposed  by    clause   six of   tho  act.  ���PHONE 179.  ���9  P. O. BOX 2X.  w. j. McMillan e, Co.  :        Wholesale Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  Brands:  MONOGRAM, MARGUEBITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAX, EL JUSXIIXO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  THM  AMERICAN'  : R13F-  ant. WW. MEUEIHTII ON THE  EKI-_.\*.Dl*M.  On May 21, 1S9I, Sir William Meredith, then leader of the Ontario opposition, made a. speech at London,  setting forth his policy for t'he elections  to be"held In June of that year, ln  the municipal elections of 1891 a plob-  Isclte hud been taken, and a very large  majority, given    for    prohibition. On  this subject Mr. .Meiedlth said:  "If It shall be determined thnt there  Is Jurisdiction in the local legislature  to deal with this question of the liquor,  trafllc, then l_ will be the duty of any  government which Is in ipower in Ontario to bring in a bill and puss it for  the purpose of carrying Into effect .what  hus been determined to he within the  Jurisdiction of the legislature. But it  seems to me that uny such law ns  that-should tbe an effective law, and  should have no results that would hn  disastrous to the Inteiests of temperance throughout the country. And  therefore I think that lt would bo decidedly. In the Interests of the iwiholi-  community that any measitie .suoh as  thn I, befoto It should become law,  should be ugitin submitted to the people, in oidei lhat Ihey should hane au  opportunity of pronouncing yea. or n.iy  upon It."  AN "AT HOME."  Tlie olllceis of the Vancouver ��erle,  Fraternal Order of Eagles, have Issued  Invitations for an At Home to be held  ln the O'Brien Hall on Uie evening ot  March 19th, that day being the third  anniversary of the formation of the society. ��� ,  ���     '        /  EARNINGS OF  LABOR.  Professor Robert K.' Ely, the Secretary of the League for Political Education, has been making some scientific examination into the^earnings of  less fortunate workers than Mr. Whitney, and presents some conclusions  which are quoted in the March "Pilgrim" necessarily much condensed. It  Is proper to note that Mr. Ely's figures  are drawn from the Federal census:  "The wage earners of the United  States number some fifteen million men,  women, boys and girls of ten years of  age or over. Their average individual  earnings are $400 a year. But on the  average two persons aie dependent-on  tlie one wage earner for support, which  means that three people must live on  that average monthly wage of $33.33.  Investigation has shown that about a  quarter of a workman's wage goes for  "_rentratTd-abouf~lialfTo~food and fuel.  Thus, this average workingman with  a family of two, will have left each  month after paying for the roof ovcr his  head and the food needful to sustain  life, about 3S.30 a month for clothing,  medicine, recreation, and a bank account against a rainy day���or the time  when he shall become superannuated.  Professor Ely vory naturally says ln the  face of these figures that 'the terms of  our economic problem cannot be solved  by thrift alone.' And Indeed the poorest encouragement to'"'thrift Is the  knowledge thai with the utmost pinching economy for years the savings of a  family will he inadequate to meet the  needs of six niontlis' of Idleness or two  months' of costly sickness."  'i'he NiMis-Advi'itlser of this t clly  adds: Meanwhile men Hike Itocke feller,  Picipont Mot gun and Carnegie earn by  evploillng labor and using their own  and many others' capital���to put  the. case, 'mildly���at least twenty times  as much as the utmost merit of their  capacity really entitles them to obtain  as a fair distribution of the profits, ln  respect to their admittedly great abilities as orga-nlsers of commerce. The  result will probably be, unless the early  future brings about a big- change, a  tremendous outbreak ot a destructive  --uiieiulmer.ls enlarging the scope of  The Conciliation Act  will 'be jut t forward. The administration of the .fair wage clause is to be  dealt with, and steps will be taken to  put definitely on record the congress'  endorsation of 'the day labor principle.  Hon. Mr. Tarte has applied this still  more generally in his department, but  In replying lo an Ottawa deputation  said 'he had not the suppoit. of his  colleagues, nor even of t'he labor members. This impression will be removed.  The ga\eminent has been asked to receive the official  Congress Delegation  on M'iri'h 17th. Complying with t'ie  wish of the conventlun of September  last, it is to be pointed out to the government that previous Interviews have  been very unsatisfactory to the men  present and tl.e -workers whom tliey  represent, on account of their perfunctory character. It is wished that the  ���various ministers be prepared to discuss the questions relating to_ th'eU- departments so that conclusions may be  reached and be mutually understood.  If  A Conference  of this 'kind can be obtained representatives of every province in the Dominion will be called here, being members of their respective provincial executives. The list as far as completed  is as follows: British Columbia���Ralph  Smith, M. P., president ol congress;  Manitoba���A. AV. Puttee, M. P.; Ontario���Messrs. March,- Flett, Henderson, Arinaiblc- and 'Secretary Draper;  Quebec���Messis. Fontaine and Guthrie;  Nova Scotia���ll. Burns; 'New Brtins-  wick���G. 'McLean; Prince Edward Island���Mr. J. W. Sutherland. The Toronto special  Union La'bel Law Committee  will also meet here at that time and  take part. Tlie Letter Carriers will  have the privilege of sending delegates  to take part in the presentation of the  endorsed demand for a 20 per cent, increase.  tie, scrap mlt mine vlfe already, und  den maybe I gets some preakfast. You  play round all dny und have plenty ot  fun. I haf to work all day und haf  trouble. Ven you die, you shush lay  still. Ven I die I haf to go perhaps  to hell yet."���Berlin (Ont.) News-Record.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, 50c bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 7-16 Pender street.  Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVER TRADES AfiTO  .Labor Council meets - first and third  Thursday in each month, at 7:30 p. m.  President, XV. 3. Lamrick: vice-president,  F. J. Russell; secretary, T. H. Cross; financial secretary, J. T. Lilley; treasurer,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms, C J.  baiter; statistician, J  H. Browne.  When you want to hire a flrst-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.   Telephone 125.  Pay up your subscription to the Independent, ilt does not cost you much  and you should not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor paper.  UNIOX BAKEIRTES.  XV. D. Muir, Mount'Pleasant.  AV. Murray, Prior street.  Montreal Bakery, Westminster avenue.  F. Adams, Scotch Bakerj', Hastings  street.  W. D. Kent, oC Cordova street.  J. Oben. Hastings street.  MinchenjCo*7: Granville* street; 'y"y; iiy"';  Barnwell Bros., .Granville', street.,;:..;.."  Largen.& Tupper,:Granville:str��*���<  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTEIKNA-  TIONAL UNION. No. 120���Presidonr.  G. XV. Isaacs, vice-president. Fred Haw;  corresponding- financial secretary, J. A.  Stewart, 51 Cordova St; recorder, Ct IX  Morgan; trensurer, E. Morgan; guide, N.  A. Bradley; guardian, P. J: Bennett;  delegates to T. & L. Council: G. W.  Isaacs and Fred. Haw. Meets first and  third Wednesdays of eaoh 'month in  Union Hall.  OOOKS, WAITERS AND AVAITRHSSES'  Union, Local No. iii President, Wm.  Bllender; viee-piesident, W. W. Nelson:  recording "ccromry, Jlisi Adella Con-  nant; financial secretary, J. 11. Perkins;  treasurer, XX'm. Bllender. Meeting ovety  Friday at SdOp m ln Union Hall, corner  Homer and Dunsmiiir streets. a  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION*,  ���No 220 meets the last Sunday in each. .  month at Union Hall. President, C. S. ' :  Campbell; iIce-president, W. J. McKay;  Kccrettttv, S J. Gothaid. P. O. Box 06;  livusuie:-, Geo. AVITby: s^rge.int-at-arms,  A. F Arnold: e\eciitni_- committee, K.  \V. Fowler. J. H. Uiowne, AV. Brand.  Itobt Todd; delegates to Tiades and  Labor Council, W. Brand, Robtx Todd,  J. H. Browne; delegates to Allied Trades  Council. F. A Towler, W. J. McKay and  C. J  Marshall  Hunt, Cambie stieet.  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  Can Stewart, Cordova streot.  Clubb & Stewart.Cordova street.  W. Murphy, Cordova street.  MdRae & McDonald', Hastings street,  east.  E. Lareen, Hastings Street.  J. OarreHl, Cordova street.  Simon & Co.; Cordova street  Johnson & Higgins, Cordova street.  S. McPherson, Cordova street.  STREET RAILWAY MI-..VS UNION���  Meets second and toittth Wednesday of  each month, in S.itheil.ind ll.ill, comer  Westminster Am'iuip .1 ml ll.i_.ilug_i Street  at S p.m. President. 11 A McDonald;  vice-ptesldcnt. John (_.iiillnei . -ecret.iry,  |A. G. Perij: trc.i-111 <M. II. Windd-walkcr;.  icondtictor, Geo. l.enie-iv. w.iiden,- I).  Smith: sentinel. .1. Diibbeilcv; delegates  to Trades and Labor Council: U. A. McDonald, J. C. Itirimi. t*. Ueniiotl, Robt.  Brunt and A. G.  Fhi-ii.   UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAR-  ,, PENTERS and Jolnets���Meets evcry  second and fouith Thiii^dny In Union  Hall, room No. 3 Piesidcnt, G. Dobbin;  vice-president, J. M Slnclaii; recording  secretary, AV. T. llacllullen; tlnanclal  secretary, II S. Falconet; treasurer, J.  Ferguson: conductor, R. MacKonzIe; warden, J. HcLeod: delegates to T. and L.  council, Robt. Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  11. Sinclair.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hnll. the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  Phillip, president: XV. 3. Lamrick, secretary, 24S Princess street.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. IIS, W_  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.,  In Foresters' hall, Aran Anda. President  R. Altken; vicp-presldont, C. A. Melville:  secretary, A. Raper, Van Anda, B. C.;  treasurer, H. A*. Prlco; conductor, P.  Burt; warden. John I.lnklater.  SALAMAGUNDI.  Arithmetic  The science of arithmetic is attributed by some to the Eyptlans, by others  to the Chaldeans rfind by others again to  the Chinese. From an early date, pioo-  ably 1,000 years before Christ, the  swanpan or abacus, was in use In China  for performing arithmetical computations. The Chinese also use their Angers  for the same purpose, every Joint of  each finger having a dlfferent.urithmet-  ical value. Arithmetic was brought  Into Greece from Egypt by Thales 300  years B.C. One of the oldest known  treatises upon arithmetic is by Euclid,  In the third century before Christ. The  first arithmetic printed In England was  In 1522, by Toiibtall, Bishop of Durham.  Until the American Revolution, most of  the arithmetics used In the colonies  were brought from England. One of  the earliest American arithmetics was  a work called "Arithmetic���Vulgar and  Decimal," published ut Boston In 1724.  The Dutchman and His Dog,  . A . Dutchman addressing his dog,  said: "lly dog, you have a schnap."  You. vas only a dug und I'm a man;  but I vlsh I vas you. E/Iery vay you  haf the best of It. \ren jou wnnt to  git mlt the bed In, >ou shust tuins  round free times und lays down. A'en  I got mlt der bed lu, I haf to lock up  de blace und vind up der clockz und  undress myself, und my vlfe vakes up  und schols me, un den der baby cries  und I haf to vawk hlni up und down;  then, <byemby, van 1 shust get ta sleep,  It's time ta get up again. Ven you get  up, you strutch yourself a couple of  times und scratch a couple of times  and you are up. I haf to dress mine-  self und light der lire, put on der ket-  PUBL1C NOTICE is hereby given that  the Mainland Steamshipmen's Protective and Benevolent Association, of Brl  tish Columbia, intend applying to the  Lieutenant-Governor in Council foi a  change of name to that of the British  Columbia, steamshipmen's Society, and  that a general meeting of the members  of the a.liovo association Is hereby called  for Tuesday, April 1st. 19(12. at 3 p. m.. to  determine tho action to be taken.  '   U.   H.   THOMPSON.  (Signed) GEORGE NOONAN,  HENRY HOOPER,-  Trustees.  rtesaaaaooceoocsooeeoseoo  DELICSOIJS WINE    ~  Madk Excu-siveu- krom B. C. Fruit.  ��   FRESH CUT KI.O'VEHS    UN'IOX-MADE  g DOMESTIC CIG.UIS.  JJ        When milking a trip around the  9 ' Park call on  W�� D�� tSones lighthouse11  000000000999(10099300090000  CANADIAN  -hnd-  SOO  PACIFIC  LINE  World's  Scenic  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVKCJ  I  To all point* in Cinadamd the 0alt*l������!*��� |  THE FA9TE8T AND BEST EQUIPPED THAI*  CBOSSING THE CONTINENT.  ���1ILIM09 Mt JAPAN AND CHIVA.  EmpieM of India Dec. W  Athenian Jan. 13  EmpreM of Japan Jan. 27  and every four week! thereafter.  miuhs ro�� honoH-W and aottbalu.  Aorangi Jan 10  Hoana Feb. V  Mlowera Mar.7  and every four treeka thereafter.  For further partictilari a> to tine ratea et  apply to  __, J.COTUT, JAMES SCUTJC  A.G.P.A. Ticket Ageat,  ToneeiTOT,��. C.        ��w Haatlnca 81,  Vtmcauvsr.B.'-,  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OP  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 183���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday la  each month in Union Hall. President,  Wm. Beer; corresponding secretary, B.  TIn-.mlns, 72G Hamilton street: financial  secretary, J. H. McVety, 1H1 Seymour  street, c.  VANCOUVER rlSHERHEN'S UNTON.  ���No. 2 Meet1- in Laibor Hall, Homer  street the Inst Saturday In each month at  S p. m. Sydnev H.inK. secretary, care of  water works ^hop5, Powell  street.  JOURNEYMEN" BAKERS A'ND COST-  FIOCTJONERS' Inter11t1t1011.il Union of  Amonci. Local No. AO, Vancouver, B.  C. President, XVm. H. Barnes: vice-  president, Fred Ja>: recording secretary.  Sam Walker. St. Georgo St., 7th Ave.;  financial secretary, N. Mc.Mullin: treasurer, W. A. Wood*.    CIGARMAKERS' UNION ,NO_ 3B7���  Meets the first Tuesday in each month:  in Union Hall. President, A. Koehel;  vice-president, P. Crowder; secretary.  G. Thomas, Jr., 14S Cordova street west:  treasurer, S. W. Johnson: sergeant-at-  arms, J. W. Brat; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  C. Nelson.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS. Local Union No. 131  Meets every Thursday in I,a.bor Han.  President, XV. Pavler; vice-president, W.  Halllday: recording ���sectomry, E. Crush,  221 CSeorgia street; financial '���oeretary, A.  Gothard, S23 Howe street; treasurer, H.  MeSorley.       JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION Oit*  AMERICA, 'No. 17k ��� lleet�� alternate  Mondays In room 1, Union Hall. President, F. Williams; vice-president, Chas.  Wbalen: recording secretary, H. O. Bmv  rltt: financial secretary, W.ilfred Larson;  treasurer,- W._W._ Toombs i-sorgeant-at- -  arms. J.  MoPheivon.  From Their N'analmo, bou'thfield an*  Protection Island ''ollicriea,  $feam, Oas And  House Coal  Ol tie Following Grade*:  ___out_2* Scfw*n*d Irump,  Run of ttl* Mln*,  Waahwt Nut and  BAUVSL U. EOBINB, Sapetintendaat.  EVAUI3. COLEMAN * EVAN8, Agaata,  Vancouver City, B. O.  VSl r.wassiii.cwi^ivsr^.ri; zju*  hu.^*waHawre<*ajtaaaa*��rtcBtemw^  CHRISTIAN COURTESY  The  Most   Beautiful of   All   the  Royal Family of Graces.  I  Id  J'f  II;  M  till  i  lit  Sti.  ma  |p,;:  |&$7!  Ito;,  ��� w-5-.  m:  m  ABSTAINING FROM DEFAMATION  If Otlit!i-s Lack CourtrKj- That Ih N'u tli' ���  cun llhj Iho Christian -.liuulil I.in U 9  ��� U(!;.pi>n<i to ItndoiiCfts by tho Utiuml  -1 ll.i1,11 it.�� ��� VTlint tin- V, mid Nuoils j  *.iilcrii:itinn:il Courtesy. ������  X'.u'.r. ���i,0(H,(?or.liii?lo Act of Parliament of Can-  mi.i, in tlioycir IIKM, by William H'dly, of To-  l-oiitu. itt. th* ftep't. ot Agriculture, Otuiwo.  Washington, Jan. lii.��� In this  discourse JJr. Tnlmuge. urges tiiought-  fiiliies.s  for  others .ami  shows,     how  ��� such u benignant may be fostered ;  ' Lc-.vt, ,1 i'clcr ii,  S,   "Ho cotirlcous."  lu ,iii age  when blunt news bus been  ouiiouized  as  a  virtue  it nitty        bo  useful   lo  extol     one  of  tiie      most  bountiful   of all   llie royal    family of  tri-iU'es���ciiiirlosy.      H    is     gracious-  7   iii.ss,   deference   to   the   wishes ol*  others.     good      manners,   ulTabiiity,  .willingness        to"      deny     ourselves  ���.���somewhat'   for  tho advantage of  ���others,   urbanity. .... But  what is  iho  use  of  ui v   defining 'llus/grui'ij      'of  ���courtesy   ivheii ���   wo.all know so well  what  it.        is?     The botanist might  say     some   very ���.-,., interesting  things  .iiboilt a  rose,   and the chc-inisi, might  ���discourse 'about   water   .or ���'      light,  but ���without over si'o.ng a      botuii-Sl  ��� or a rliOmist we know what a rose  js.,.iiiitl,' what water and light are.  JJo not ta.l.e our Lime in telling us  what, . courtesy i.s. Only show us  .liow" we/muy get mote of it and  .avoid what, .'ire its counterfeits'.  Marl; you, it cannot lie put on or  ���dramatized successfully for ti long  while. We may lie full of bows  ami gtiniil-cclioiis, nnd smiles and  ���complimentary .. pruise, and .��� have  .nothing of genuine ' courtesy either  in our makeup or in our demeaii-  or. A backwoodsman who novel' saw  a. drawing"rooni or ii.. d'uuciug mus-.  tor or a caterer or a fold of  fii-itpury niay   with his-big soul   and  ���i I'l.-ird hand, anil awkward salutation  ���exci-cjsc tlio grace, while one born un-  ���dcr richest upholstery anil educated  iSn foreign schools',"mid bothered' io  .know whicli.of ten garments he will  -. -Uike '. from a royal wardrobe, nuiy be  as luiiTC'ii of llie spirit of 'courtesy as the great -Sahara desert is  of green meadows and tossing -fountains.   ���������'Christian   courtesy is   burn in   the  .'. heart  by  the power of  the       Holy,  ... ' Christ," who has 'transformed; and  illumined  nnd  glorified   one's   nature.  ��� :';lI.-u'li-j-ou,  I  am speaking     of,   tlio  ���highest     kind   of courtesy,which  is  ���Christian, caurUs.Vv    ''Something' like,  ���it-��� ordinary  politonosa���may     grow  ���up With   .us under the  direction "of  .intelligent     and watchful .parentage,.  but 1 "uni not speaking of thiit whicli  ' 'is  inci-cly  agrcuiibli-ncss of  conversa-  . -.tion.. ."and behavior.: . All   that  tuny  / .btl a', matter  of ..���.tutelage and :;':��� , fine  //.surrounding, and  show  itself  in  lifl-  ./jng the hal to pussersby Und  in    a  "graceful way  of asking .about  '���'your  health  and sending;, the right kind of  regrets .-.when  yuii.-ciiiuiiit go and iin--  ' ���'ilorsfniuliiig  till   tlio  laws  of pro-  ieroncti at  lalilo and parlor        door.  ; jail of -which7 is well.      .1 'am .speulc-  ,,jng    of a     principle, of courtesy    so  ,  implanted  in  one's nature .thai. ���  his  ..���suavity, of conversation''; and  niaiinur  ���shall     be '���the    outburst, of what   he  fools /for     ihuhappiness.and welfare  ���of others,     it     principle that    . will  '������work  in   the  next world  lis well  as  in  this  and    w-iU be  us appropriate  lii/tlic-/ mansions,,    of, heaven  us  in  earthly  dwelling: places.....  Absalom,, a ,Bible ehuiucler, was a  specimen , ..of ii.,.iiian of polish out-  Kida and of rottenness inside. Beautiful, brilliant and witli such-, .wealth'  of ������ iiaii- tlint. when it was cut in  each .December ns a mutter, of-pride  h'e';'lia.d'.'.-it' weighed, and it weighed  ':.-���. BOO./shekels. , He captured till who  c-iimo near him. But, oil. what a  .-heart, lie had���full of ���.treachery and  mnfll iiil; spirit iind/ baseness! He was  ,7ns'.'IJaLd'-'iis. ho., wus';, alluring and  :, charming- ,   ';,:���' 7  '* ..���.;���  /''. 3,i like what .lolin Wesley said to  ./a/mini when their carriages'mbt'bn  rflie .road. * The ritflinn, knowing Mr.  .'���Wesley and, disliking liini', did not  ."turn; out, but kept the middle of  ���the road. Mr.' Wesley cheerfully  ,g;ave7Uic man all tiie road, himself  riding into the ditch.' As they  .passed each other the ruflitin said,  "I' never turn out for fools," and  air. .Wesley said, "I always dp/_'__ J^  ~m i k"e~ thc_repr oo f wh ich-a^ C lii nTuniirr  in Stin.Francisco gave an American.  The American pushed him off the  sidewalk until he fell into the mud.  Tlie Chinaman on rising begun to  brush oil the mud and said to the  American:/: ; "You Christian; mc  ;henthen. .'-,' Goo'dby." 'A'.* stranger  .entered: a 'church in one of " ilio  .cities and .was allowed to stand  ..��. long, while, although there .was  /plenty i. of room. No ono olTercd  .a scat. " The stranger after nwliilo  ���said', to one of tliu brethren; "What  .church is this?" Tlie answer was,  -'Christ's church, sir." "Is ho in?"  ristiid the stranger.* The ollicer of  the church understood what wns  mount 'nnd gave him ti scut. We  want more1,courtesy In the churches,  niorc courtesy, in' places of business, more courtesy in our lirjtncs.  . But / heart courtesy must precede  Siand nntl head/ni'iil foot . i-otirtcsy.  'Cultivation of il should' begin in  the fiitliur's house. Vou. often no-  4ici; iJiitt brothers nnd .sisters arc  .often   gruff  and -snappy, and say  ihi.igs    and  do-things, .that   ,    tliey  would   not  lmve   llie  oi'tsidc     world  Jiiiow   iiboul. /: Uoiigii 'tlilnv-s' .'.'are  Bcuncti.-ites  suid : iu  liouseliolds whicli  ought    never     to   bo, said ai all ���/  . teasing and recrimination and fiutll-  . finding.. iukI  harsh  criticisms,  which;  will   Im.vo tlieir echo thirty und   for-;  <j aiitl  fifty yciirs, afterwards^      In'  the slcct /dfiveh.,by that efistV.wind^  .no. sweet fiowet's  ,of/l<iiidnosS '-.''���'. and:  ..'''geniality- will   grow.   ; Let, childrcni  ?-_hbar.'���thoir parents picking o.t/.eacli  >othcr,and   those children.   will/     bo  : Sfou'nd-picking':'at cadi other,      and  iJir down  thi road of life will/    be  :--;'';7'''v'7-" ./':7'"''..'7yyS  i (iccti  tlie  same   disposition   to     pick  j ut.     others.   Iletier  ihau .this  habit  of  pickiiig  at children,   which so  ! many parents indulge in, would bo  one good 'healthy application of tlio  rod. Iiut lor a shower that lasts  a few minutes than tlie cold dri/zlu  of ninny days. We never get ovcr  our Iirst home, however many homes  we nitty have afterwards.  Let us nil cultivate lliis grace  of Christian courtesy by indulging  in the haliil of praise instead of the  habit of liliunc. There are evils  In tlie world that we must denounce  and tlicre arc mon untl women who  ought to be rhastisi'ii, Iiut never  let us allow the o]���por'tun'ty of applauding good deeds ra.'-sv unimproved.' The old thenry was that  you must never .praise pco) ie lest  we. mnke them vain. No. danger  of that. Before any of us get  through with life wo will have enough incan und ignoble and depreciating uud lying things said about  us to keep lis ..humble. God approvingly recognizes tt system .of  rewards as well as of  punishments.  In tlie cultivation of this habit  of Christian courtesy Ictus abstain  from joining in llie work of defamation. Every little while society  takes after a- man, nnd it - -.must  have a victim; If you had a  roll of -ill .the public nien of this,  generation who lmve been denounced'  tint! despoiled of tlieir good name,  il would take you a long while '���',-. to  call the itoll. It is a bad streak  in'human nnlure that there are so  many who prefer to believe evil  instead of good concerning any one  under discussion..-, If < a good  motive and .a bail-motive huve been  possible in the case in hand, oho  man will believe the conduct was  inspired by a good motive, and ten  men'will believe it was inspired by  ii bad motive. The more' faults  a man has of his own tlio more  willing is ho lo ascribe faults to  others. ��  What a curse of cynics and pessimists alllicis our lime, afflicts nil  liuie! .There arc those' who praise  no one until bo is (lend. Now that  bo is clear under ground and a  heavy -'stone is on. top of j him  thero is no possibility of his ever  coming.up again as a rival. Some  of tlio epitaphs on tombstones arc  so fulsome thiit on resurrection day  a man rising may, if ho reads tlie  epitaph, for the moment think he  got into the ..wrong grave. Speak  well, of one another, and if you  find yourself in circles, disposed to  slander and abuse be for the time  as dumb as the sphinx'which.though'  only a. few yards aw'ny from tlie  ovorshiidowing pyramid of Kgypt.hus  not'Willi its. litis of stone spoken  one word iii thousands of years.  There are two sides to* every man's  chiiraclet���a good side and an/evil  side The good sec" only the good  and the evil only the evil, and tli2  probability is that a .medium opinion is. the . right opinion. ...; Most of  tlie people Whom I know arc doing-  about' as well as they can underotlie  circumstances.: When I see jienplc  who are worse, than I ani; I conclude that if I hail tho same bad  influences around mc (ill my life  that tliey have bad. I would probably have been worse than ,'; thoy  now are. .Tlio work of reform ;, is  the most .important work, but many,  of., the-reformers, dwelling., on one  -.evil, see-nothing' but evil, and they  get so/used to-,,anathema they, forget ;llio usefulness, once, in awhile of  a. bencilieUqi-- They get so riccus-  Lomoil to excoriating: public men.  that they do not realize that never  since .lolin Hancock iii boldest chi-  rography sighed-the Bcclarution of  Independence, never, since Columbus  picked up the flouting land .lowers  that showed liini lie was coining near  some new country, have; there . been  so ninny noble and .splendid and  Christian men in/ high places in  this country -ns now... You /could  go into the" President's" Cabinet or.  the United. States .Senate or the  hoitsc-of representatives in Ihis cily  "niul "find plenty, of nieii capable. . of  holding an old fashioned Tdcrhodist  prayer.,.mooting, plenty of .senators  and representatives and cabinet officers :��� to ��� start the tunc anil, kneel  ���with the penitents at the ttltiir. In  . iill : those places there a re men wlio  could,"without looking: at the , book,  recite "the ..sublime., words, ns did  Cladstone.diii'inS vacation nt I-ln-  : warden. "X believe in God, the Fath-.  er Almighty, Maker -of heaven , and  earth, and 7 ,'"'Jesus' Christ';" 7 and  from the soiiate'.nnd.house of representatives and 7t!ie Presidential Cabinet' and from tlio surrounding ofllces  and committee rooms, if tliey could  hear, ./would come many voices responding "Amen and amen!"  .ChrisJ.iaiij.'_nirtcsy_Lcspecial l.VAOin-^  Tiiemi to those who~h1fve^iib"or1lin~  ntes. Almost every person lius sonic  ono under lilm'. How do you treat  that clerk,.that servnnt, that assistant, that employe? f)p yoii accost  him in ��� brusque terms; and roughly  command him to do that which you  might kindly ask hiin to do? The  last, words thut the Duke of Wellington uttered were, "If you please."  That conqueror in what was in some  respects tho greatest brittle yy ever  fought, in his last hours, asked by  his servant/.if ho would take some  tea, replied,7"If you please," his  Inst words on expression" of courtesy.;' Beautiful characteristic In ittiy  class. Tlie day laborers in Sweden,  passing each otlier, take off their  huts iii reverence. There'-is ho ' i;x-  cuso for bdori.slinosK in miy circ'o.  As complete a gentleman as ever lived was the inuii who was unliorietl  on tlio road to Dnmuscus iind be-  honded on the road to Ostin���Paul,  tho apostle 1 know lm might lie so  characterized'by I lie way he apologized to Ananias, the high ��� priest.- . 1  know it from tlie ' wny; he complimented Felix ns tl -Judge and from  thu way .'..he greets the king,.. "I  ihank myself, King Agrippo, because  1 shall answer.for myself lliis, "day  before Iheo touching uli Ihe .. things  whereof I tun accused of the .lews,  cspi.'Cially because I know, thee'to be  expert in 'all 'customs .und,'-questions,  wliich-arV'' among the '.lows." ���. . ������  7'What'a .mighty; means of usefulness  is'ivuiTCSyi Tlio lack of.it bi-itiirs to  niony a dead failure,' wln'le ' |n:fore  those.-wlii) possess:it in . .large iiuan-  tity all' the doors of .'opportunity.'itrif.'  open. You oitn tell that urbanity  dues not cume liinii study of books  of cliniictte. alihuiiah such books  have their use. but from a mind full  of tluiughlfitlni-ss for others 'aiid a  heart in sympathy with the conditions of others. If those conditions  be prosperous.' a gladness for the success, or if the conditions'be'depressing, a sorrow for the unfavorable circumstances. All. this world needs  lighting up! To thus.; of us who are  prospcioils it i.s no credit that. wc  live in a state of good i.'hocr. but in  tlie lives of iiincly-iiiiie out of u hundred there is a pathetic side, a taking  off, a deficit, an anxiety, a trouble,  lly a'genial look, by n kind word,  by a helpful .'.ction, wi; muy lift a  little of the burden in i! partly clear  tin.' way for the sluini ling foot. ���Oh,  what a glorious ait il is to say the  riyht word in Ihu riylit way at the  right  time!  How reprehensible the behavior of  those Who pride themselves, on tho  opposite'.quality and have a genius  for saying disagreeable things, us-,  ing sarcasm and reiort not for lawful purposes, but to sting ami hiiinil-  iato and hurt! "IMiln't I take him  down?" "Didn't l.nutl'u him wince?"  "Didn't T give it to bin'?" That, is  '.lie spirit of.the devil, while the,opposite is Uiu spirit, of Christ.       '  The time must conic when tho  /world will acknowledge .-international  courtesy. Now courUsy between nations is i-hiully nuido of rhetorical  greeting, but ..us .soon us Ibere is a  ililTcrcnce of interest thcir ministers  plenipotentiary tire called home, and  the guns of the forts are put in position, aiid the' tirmy and navy get  ready. Why not it. courtesy between  nations that will defer to each otlier  and surrt'iiiler ti little nitiiot1 than  have pr.-iloiigetl itcrinimiv, "ending in  great slaughter? lltitim for all- nations of. iho earth and all styles of  government.. Whal the world wants  is less ariiiunioiil and more-courtesy,  loss of the spirit of destruction., aiid  more of-tlio spirit, of amity.' This  century bus opened Willi too many  ���armies in the field and too many  liioii-of-wur on tin; oceun. Before the  century closes ���may the last cavalry  horse'bo hitched'tu tlie plow aiid the  last, .warship become a merchantman.  : But We arc not iu olllcial positio'h  und therefore must leave to others  the cause ..of international amity.  What we want to cultivate is good  will: to'-1 those with whom we como in  contact day by day. Jlny we all be  charged iind 'surcharged witli that  courtesy. Wo may strengthen this  grace by coming to a higher appreciation of'what a man is, of what a  woman- is. Wo cannot expect;perfection, but in almost every one there  is. something good und worthy" of  courtesy. If they arc clear down,;  they ure trying to rise If they have  gone astray, tliey-want to'get back,  lie is tin iitiniortul being, whom'..ypu  are 'Confronting, 'he', is a being made  in the imtigo of Cod- be/will outlive  tho planetary .system; he will live as  long as the ���Almighty lives. Started,  he ���will never slop. Your Christian  courtesy ��� may be his eternal rescue.  To^tlic young let mo say: Sow courtesy, iind you will/reap courtesy;  sow hostilities, and: you will ... reap  hostilities. Get. your heart so right  'that it will '.make, the toiics of .your  voicq ' persuasive and your salutations/on the street and your greets  lugs at tlie door of home and. church  and hall a1 blessing; to till, and,, the  kindly, influences yoii throw upon  tliem will rebound upon /your own  heart and, life While you are making  them happier you will make yourself .liuppieri.;  'If others luck courtesy that is no  reason why you should-lack'it..":' lic-  spond to rudeness by utmost affability. Because .some one else is a boor  is no reason '"'why you . .should bo a  boor.. But. how: few show, urbanity  when badly treated! Human nature  says, "An eye for an eye, a tooth  .for a tooth,' retort':' for retort, slander for sin nder,'''maltreat ment.-.'.for  inultronti-icnt." But there have been  thoso. you und J have known who  amid assault and enricature and injustice have maintained the loveliness of-blossom' week in .springtime.  Nothing but divine grace in the  heart can' keep such equilibrium.  That is not human nature uiil.il it is  transformed by supernal inliuenccs.  To put it on flic lowest, ground you  cannot afford to be 'revengeful...' and  'malignant.../' Hatred and high indignation ure.stiiges. of unheiilth. They  enlarge the spleen; they: weaken the  nerves; tliey ut lack" the brain, lingo  in a man is one form of apoplexy.  Every timo you get mad you damage  your body and mind and soul, and  you have not. such a surplus of vigor  aiid energy that you can nlTord to  sacrifice them.  ���So=I-appliiud=GI��ristiah=cotir-t.osyT=Is  would put it upon the throne of every heart in the world. Tliu beauty  of it is that you may extend it to  others nnd have just ns much of it-  yea, more of it���left in your own  heart nnd life. Tt is like the miracle  ofthe loaves and fishes,which, by  being divided, were multiplied until  twelve baskets Were filled with the  renin a n Is. It is like'a torch, with  which fifty lumps may be lighted and  yet tho torch remain as 'bright-' as  before-it-lighted the first lamp.  But' tliis grace will not come to its  coronal until it reaches tlio. heavenly  sphere What a world that must bo  where selfishness and jealousy and  pride and acerbities of temper havo  never entered and never, will enter!  No struggle for precedence No rivalry between cherubim iind seraphim.  \7o ambition as to who shall lmve  thn front, seats in the temple of Clod  und tlie Lamb. Courtesy tlicre easy,  because there will bo no faults to  overlook, no apologies to mako, no  mistakes to correct., no disagreeable-  iiess to overcome, no wrongs to  right.. In all tlie ages to conic not  a detraction , or: a subterfuge. A  perfect soul in'-a ���perfect, heaven. In  thut realm, world without end, it.  will never bo..necessary to repeal tho  words of my.'text, words that, now  nwl/oft repetition, "Be courteous." .  BOJIN OF A CAPIUCE..  CURIOUS   AND    ENTERTAINING    HISTORY OFTHE HAGUE.  A Ciill l>"wn fur vr. ,T.  Jtfr. Marriifidiike Jeiikviis���Well, old  boys .will be old boys, Mrs. Jenkyns.  jilrs. Jlarmiitlukc .lenkyns���Oh, no.  You. moan: that old boys will keep  on .trying, to be young/ boys. .-���;.���.  ."Klus of tha Romung" Was the Foamier  ���It Wms Firit n Chateau Surrounded  1_7 a Uedse���Existence ut the Cbuteuu  Wni, Heirever, Not always Penceful,  nnd There Were Fierce titrussles From  Time lo Time.  The llngite was born of a moro  caprice of Count William It., "King  of tlie Komans," who, in I'iflO, in  order to have a suitable resting-place,  between Haarlem iind his property of  S'fira.vensahdu, built a chateau which  he closed off from the surrounding  forest by a hedge whence we have llu  name "Den Tlughc" given to the  residence tif the "lords of the land."  Originally the chateau'attracted  merchants mid workmen who eiiinud  their, living from the life within the  wails of the domain, which was-not  only a hunting-box, but under' the  rule of the house of Bavaria, a centre of pleasure and distraction,  whore festivals of iong duration were  organized and endless games played;  wheru skating during the long severe  winter was indulged in by ��� the nobility. During carnival time there .wero  great masquerades, in which the  duchesses themselves took part, and  in l.'IM, under, the direction of Lady  Alide van Tlouschesen, the , first  chamliei- bf-rhetoric was founded in  the royal manor. '.- .,  Nol always peaceful, however, was  the existence of the chateau, for it  was frequently disturbed by the fierce  struggles that divided the country,  and in 180_! Was/the scene of the  murder of Donioislle Aleitla, daughter of-Jan van Peolgcet-t and mistress of Duke Albert,--brother of William V. Under tiie Government of  Jacuiioliiie oi Bavaria the chateau  fell to ruins and the court passed tho  most of its time elsewhere, a cir-  cuiiislatico that: seemed to mark the  decadence of the city. Tlie house of  Burgundy, however, restored the old  manor, and in 14H2, in llie great  hall,- the first assembly of the States  was held. The second took place  there also, in l-l.">(i, the. 25th anni-  versury of the founding of the Order  of Hit- Golden T'leccc wns held tlicre.  In .1 .���)()() The Hague took nn active  pant in the religious revolution,, and  two of/its'..lenders, Adrian Monick  nnd Dick Jooslen, with the consent  of ���the.:, magistrates,: entered the  Church of St. .1 nines and destroyed  all ."tlie statues, the church, ���after the  ruining of the siege of Leyden, passing into the hands/of the Keforniers.  During the first year of the war  with Spain tho 'Slates-General held  its sessions in 'different cities, in  1581 it sat/in tlio great hall* of the  knights to sign the act declaring  Philip IT. no longer sovereign and to  withdraw: its oaths of allegiance. After the death of William tlie Silent  the Statcs-Gencral decided to meet,  regularly at The Hague,.and the residence of tho old "seigneurs" became  the /centre of the nation's activity.  '/ In tlio eiiihtecntli'century"tiiiit picturesque row of.rambling buildings  known as the Binneiiliof was enlarged to contain _��� a residence for the  stathoudiirs, and it: wns from tho  Binnenbof that William V. fled the  revolution and French, invasion to  lalior refuge in England,".where ho  died in 1S08. Iii. 1800 Louis /Bonaparte caiiio to live in the sttttlioud-  ci-s. Iiut'in''1808 transferred his residence to Amsterdam.  From the sixteenth century down  to-iho. present day, therefore, The  Hague has been the political capital  of tbo Statcs-Genei'al, and in the seventeenth 'und ciglitcuntli centuries,  was tliosci.'tie of most important diplomatic ������'',' transactions. Up to the  time.when'.,Louis Bonaparte was King  of '.Holland the jealousy .of the other  Dutch, towns had deprived The  Hngiie of any representation in/ the  States-General, iind so it continued  to. hei the Fai'gcst.-'-village of Europe  until Louis Bonaparte finally-granted'  it all the privileges of it city.   ,  In 13S0 the royal residents' only  liiiiiiborcd 50,000 souls. In 1899 it  had 200,023 inhabitants. and is  steadily increasing iii extent,: stretch-,  iiig-out /into fine suburbs with  ���broad.avenues, and imposing residences..'/*     ���".;.���.' ������..,  In ;tht) midst of the Woods to the  northeast,; and ainile and a half  from tho;centre (if the city, is tho  Huis Ton Bosch House of the woods,  an unassuming but very pictiirosquo  place, 'belonging to the Queen, approached through the heavily-wooded  Bciioordcnhoutschu W'eg./uiid nestling  in the midst of the woods. It is a  house with a history���built in memoryof Frederick -Henry,' -Prince.'/��� of  Orange, by his widow, Amulia van  Solma. Tho Prince was the" stat-  hoiuler frorii 1,025 to 1045, under  whoso presidency tho unity of tho  Dutch republic became consolidated  and prosperity of the Slates reached  its climax.  The famous "orange room," wliero  tliu    sittings     of  the'International  i.*eacc uonference were held, is situated under the cupola, by which it.is  lighted. The walls .and ceilings are  ablaze of color and form a series  of huge paintings, .whioh took , the  pupils of the,great Peter Taul Rubens nine years to execute They  depict the lifo of Frederick Henry,  the principal wall being covered with  allegorical work, b.v Jordaens,' representing the triumph of youth over  vice, sickness and nil the enemies of  early years, as well us tlio Prince's  triumph over the Spaniards. ,. ..  '���!> One ol tho groups represents peace,  while in the centre of the lofty cu-  poli' is a finely executed painting of  the. Prince's widow. Tho Prince's  father, William'the Silent, is here  .cprcsert.cS by a grim.skeleton  RtiiDd.r.? behind his son and guiding  him to victory.  Ever since Princess Aninlla van  Solma built it, the Huis ten Bosch  has been used by .the ��� different stud-  Iioiidcrs and kings of Holland as, a  summer resort, and one chamber;  known as tho Japanese room���luxurious in; the richness of its 'white'  embroidered silk hangings and lacquer work and vases���is lilted entirety Willi present.-, made to Prince  William V. of 'oruuge i..y ihe ljj-  peror of .J'u|.<iui in .17'.)5.'   /  '  Tlio most ��pieasiuit surprise is the  private room of the late Queen  Sophia, who was accustomed to  spend the "greater part of tho'-. year  there /On the,'walls aro two life-  sized oil paintings, one of .-'Queen;  Sophia," the other of Hie American  historian, ,I ohh Lothrop Motley,  whoso histories of the Netherlands  have given his name to -posterity as  one of the brightest of the: nineteenth, century. ���������./"  The appearance of this capital ^of,  the-north is original.. It resembles  no other city in Europe On leav-,  ing the handsome.station and entering the street that leads -, into the  centre, one is at once struck  witli tho.  absence     of all   signs  of business, conimcrcu, / or in-'  tltisli-y, by the lack of bustle so cliat.-  tic.tei-Tst.it: ofthe larger capitals. The  people arc nevei- hurried..* wear no  careworn, nervous look; arc easy in  tlieir inaiiiiers, .while their chief . occupation seeiiis to be tlle daily prom-  oiutde up;nnd ilown the fn'shiuniiblu  streets, or tlie drives to Sbovoniiigen  -nnd'the woods. '-. ..  , Iii the winter niontlis;.tho presence  of the attractive, young ..-Queen-'lends  animation lo tliecityiwhile iiii-sum-  liicr llie tourists bound for Sclioveh-  iiigcn enliven tlie streets, which arc  wide and 'Tine, while the homes are.  the prettiest und most comfortable in  ail llollund. Throughout .the city  there are innny attractive points of  view���the dreamy waters/of tlio Vij-  ver; the.. Binnenbof, from the Vijvcr-  berg on the otlier side,.the; sunlight,  rellected on the inniiiiiiirablo win-  clows, the wliite swans gliding hither  and thither, llie same scene uI night,  when the moon casts the deep shadow of the Old buildings 'oyer the wilt-/  ers, while the lights from the Windows dance in the bluck ripples.:-y  o.Tects Which the sun produces upon  the two planets. Heat and light, as  everybody knows, vary inversely as  the squaro of the distance. When .we  compare- . tho square of the earth's  distanco from the sun with tho  stjuaro of Venus' distance, wo find  that the former is about double the  latter. This.means that Vonus on  tho'average gels twice us much heat  anil light from the sun as tho oarth :  gets   rieumrt With the Hour. '  Lieutenant Heffcrnan was saying  the other day that he had. hardly  ever seen an Irishman who '''wasn't  ready with a quick retort, no mutter what' tho circumstances might  be.      ' ������  ' .:    -  "It wns about thr���� years ago  that I arrested a certain follow.  Ho was about the drunkest man I  ever saw to be still standing on his  feet.,. As soon as I got hold of  him he wanted to niake trouble. Ho  wtvs just like many others from t\i,o  ould sod.when they get full of bad  'booze'/and thoy lliiiik there is rn  cluuico for a scrap. He made a  pass at mc, but I r*ached over and  tupped: him on the head with "my  slick. He became quiet right away,  and ho looked up at me and said:  ", 'And..what toiiuo is it?".' /'... '. / /  "Of course I couldn't help but answer.  'Just struck one.'  .'.'. 'Well, if thot's so,' he answered,  'Oi'm dumgiadyez didn't hit mo  ati houi- sooner.' "���Louisvillo Times.  ���To Miirt ��'��� Hnilij'   Hem"  When a h'orso  balks, no matter how  badiyho sulks or how ugly ho is, do  not beat hint,5 do not throw sunt! in  his oars,    don't  use a    rope on  his  front legs  or  even burn straw, ui-.der  liiin, /.says  Jpliti  lliiinca  in      Fiirin  and Home:    Quiotly go and       pats  hiin  on  the head  a  moment.;.  Take  a-., hummer-or. oven pick up a stono/  in  the streot;  tell  the driver to si I  still;   take the reins and;hold    thum :  quietly while you lift up either front  font.      Give cac.li  iiaii  alight      tap 7  niid a good smart tup. on tlit; troa.; ���  Droit   his foot quickly and theii chirp/'  to .him .to go.,   Iticiiiiiety-nine ciis.is.  out of  a  liiiiulred   the  horse will, go  right  along about..his business,   but-  the driver.must keep his lines    taut  and not pull ior ierk. him back.'  ���.     "THEATRICAL STEELYARDS."/   7  7 ;   /MYSTERIOUS VENUS6-  Speculiitlonii nntl Uuckvnluf;* of.,._8ti-onoin  : er.1. About- the flttlltjU;.-  The most beautiful planet and the  one tlial comes nearest to the';earth  and most resembles, the 'earth in size  is at'llio. sonic time the -inost mysterious. Is Veniisadlivingworld or a  dead bncT-lhut is to say,"is it/in ti  'condition, to support inhabitants, and  is.it probable*' that such-'inhabitants  are theie, or on-the othei- hand, is  it; unsuited for tlieir /presence / : and  barrcii of living /forms?  These questions astronomers./.;' are  unable ,.:,.at present to answer,:/, but  their /efforts to answer thorn and. the  observations that I buy have /made of  the''mysterious planet possess an almost startling interest.'-'. ���:���'    ..://.    ...  First lot us briefly recall what Venus is. It is a globe like oitr earth  and is very nearly the same inngnif.  tudo, having tv (liainctor . of 'about  7,700 milcs,: wliile Uiat of .'file 'earth  is a little more Ihim 7,900 miles.  So nearly of thu sumo size tiro tlie;  two/planets that if wo could 7 view;  them from an - .equal distance - ; wc  should be'unable, witliout lite, aid of  instruments ofrnio.asiirenient,/to: /delect any differeiico between them.  Thu substance of Venus -is . slightly  lighter, /bulk for bulk,//than'���'���":that  which composes tho earth, but.: the  difference in this;/respect is so little  again- tliat it would require special  examination,t'o"distinguish'..by weight  between a cubic foot of the soil of  Venus and nn equal amount of ; the  soil of the earth./ It follows that' on  Venus the force of gravitation of the  weight of bodies does not greatly  differ from that on; the earth. If wo  couldi stnp--upon���Voiuis^-We_/l should  find that wo had'parted with a: few  pounds of ..'.weight;, but the difference  would not be very; noticeable except  perhaps on the race truck.  But this planet, so like the earth  in niaiiy respects, is/very different  from our globe in its situation. The  earth's distance from the sun is 93,-  000,000 miles; the distance of Venus  front; the sun is 07,000,000, This  difference becomes a matter of great,  importance     when we consider     the  IntcrcntlnK Helton ��t David Garriclc  ;lii the Ilnrvnrd LtbrarT;.   "'",":';  That the proverb. "There's nothing new /  under the sun," applies to the theater, like;  i'verythinff else, i�� shown by two old ear:''.���  toons that form part of * collection of  over. 200 prints illustrating the life of the /  Stoat Knslish actor David Garrick'which /;  may he wen in tho Hai'Tard.library. Oiie  of the cartoons is called. "The .Theatrical-...  Steelyards  of  17ii0" and  sisnalines /tlie /  success of pantnniiiui. at Garrick's Dfiiry  Lane theater after au unsuccessful period /.  of more seriously written playu���the never  ending atrugsle, that in, between the 'Me  eitiinnte" drama, ��o called, anil the theat-/ ;  rlcal performance frankly intended to kill7;/  timo as amusintly as possible. Tho other /;  reproaches Garrick's desertion of the "le-  BitiniAte" for apectacular parforniances in  which,  eren  in  the eighteenth ceutury,"/  ' str'auge; as it mayaeem to those who im-  ;  atino trick, scenery and spectacular effects to be a'production of niodorh times,''-;;.  coBtiimes and atase: carpentry, were; 61   /  iiioie importance than dramatic art. -.':���)'���'    ���  In "The .Theatrical Steelyards,'' or bnl- /;'  nnccs, Garrick/ls. depicted as ..weighing  :/  down his con temporary rivals, who ure/  vainly atririug to pull diiwn one arm of...  the  linltiiice  while  Gaii-rick ; sits  tniiin-/  plinntly'-:on   the  other, /aiid   Harlequin7/  dances gleefully in the foregrbiiiiil.;,Tho  nrtist is .evidently iii syuipathy; with the  rictor's  success.    In/the  other/cartoon,   .;  however, the artist is in a 'different inood ;;  nnd represents the great actor as turning;/'-.;.,  from tlie muses' of Tragedy and. Comedy.;"  to embrace the/friendship of mechanics :  ami costuniers. one of whom bears the  signllicaiit,'placard,//."Processions;  Foi-/  ever.": Itoscius,; thoarcat: ltonian actor,    ,  was the popular nametor Garrick.nud  the cartoon is lnbeled:/7'./��� (/.,      ;���.:.������;������;��������� ];������:  ;   ,.' Heboid;the. Muxes Itoschis 'sub: In:valn.1 ';    /.'    ,/  /.Taylors .inil.Cariieiilcrs usurp theirrclgri. : '  /The stuiie picture, with the name of nl-":  most any  modern iictor substituted: for:;;  Kosciits.-could  he readily used  to illus-7.,-/  trnte the, ups and dowus of, uiodern stage 111.  histnrv." .-,*������ -'--:'-���������'���'���'���'������-���--'������"; "-   .v;..;,/;':-//';:;  7-.//Hl��: Crltiuliiiii.":7/7/;..7:7/7'--:/.'*;  /"What'do you "think of our v new./oil ;.  paintiugV". asked Mrs. Cumrox.   /."/'//  ''Well,'! "answered   Mr. : Cumrox,;; "it, ���;'-  looks right good from the front, but if  ynu tiirn it around and look at the other.,,;;  side I must shy the-material seems'kind   -  of cheap."���Washington Slur.    ; 77;  ;/He',Knevr7, ";../,-.//-/'/���/���.;.���:/"':  The: kind hearted lady' picked the 'lad  up and brushed off his clothes.   ,  "My poor:boy!" she said, sympathetically.   "Whatever mudoyou take such, au.  'awfuHfalir'-   'The attraction of gravitation, ma'am,"  answered ' littlo. Harold ,Bcanhlll: in his  quiet Bostonian way.���Chicago Post. :;. :./  ";; Snre"llemedy.//:;/./;.:'-;'/;���/;���':;:;  "Ah, dearest," sighed the very, young  man, "my-heart is burning with love for  youi"-    "*���"'/ ��� /    "���������/;,'.':-."'.";���/;,:/:������--::  "Is It?" exclaimed the. practical maid-/  en.   "Wnit a uiiriute, aud I'll get you a  little  soUn.   /Graiiilma  saya; that's the  only thing for heartburn.".-. / *   -/  And it Cures Them of Coughs, Colds, Croup; Bronchitis,  Sore Throat and Whooping Cough.  ^KBEHMaavaaKHagHMa^ll^a^HB^B|0M__HB__l_____B__aW__K___i__^ ','-"'''.''-  ���' Becauso if contains turpentino sem'o peoplo imagine that Dr. Chase's Syrup of Linseed and Turpentino is  Idisagrceablo to the taste. On the contrary, it is sweet and palatable, and children lovo to tako it. They  soon learn that, besides being pleasant to take,. it brings immediate relief to soreness, irritation,and inflam-  miition of tho throat and lungBl At this season of tho year all mothers desire to havo in tho houso somo re-:  liable medicine to give when thochildren catch colds/or nwake In the night with tho hollow, croupy; cough  ���which strikes a chill ito every mother.'s heart'./':'-. You can rely absolutely, on Dr.. Chase's Syrup, of Linseed and i  Turpentino..     It han-stood tho;test. ���...,-/,*7'"-: .:-:���' 7777' '?��������� ���'���'.'''���:*���'-��� /'/' ,:.^':'i    -������-'������  .;������;;'/' :7,;:;;i7'7';:7:7/.:'  :   Thero aro other preparations of linseed arid turpentino piit up in imitation of. Dr. Chase's.:���;:;/ Bo /suro; the  portrait^ and signature of Dr.: A. W. Chase,aro on tho bottle you buy. ;__5 cents a bottle; /family, .size,;, /threo  'liwi^a^wuch; /60'ccB'8/" MAN OF TIIE  HOIjFu  SKETCH OFTHE LIFE AND CAREER:  SIGNOR GUGUIELMO MARCONI.  Au Italian by Ilirlh uml on IIU FutliiT'd  Side���3Iotlier Wui. KliglUh���A I.ellident  of Ull .Mother'* l.uml .-incti 1SUS-A  l'l-ofi'Miluiiiit Aiiiitt, ur I'lL-nirit.ian In  What Il�� Calti Uutihoif���MU l>l��u��v��-l*y  Nothing more wonderful in the history of the progress of science or in  the story of Ihe iediii-tii.it of lite elemental forces of Iho universe to the  uses of mankind lias over been ruclird-  ed; than the graphic uiiiKHiiK'ciia.ul  from '''Newfoundland tlie oilier day  that JMartuni had ictetved .stgiuus  across tlie ocean. 1,701. miles, by his  s-ystcni of wlielcss telegi.ipby If  truo, it marks ii long ..step forward���  hardly safe yet to call it the culmination���in the interesting series of c>-  periments of Sig Aim com in li.ins  nutting and leuiving messages by  means of the eli'Uiii' ua\ci of iii-  air, dispensing uilogotlic. with \\11��.��.  expciiuienls on winch the j.iinds m  scientists have been fixed m lcccnt  yenrs to a greater e\.iiut than     on  steamships: has been / shortened nearly a day, communications passing between the * vessels and the Marconi  stations a long time befoie tho  stciimcrs reach their destination,  Signor Mai com is aifianced to Miss  Josephine* Uowcn Ilolman, an ���Indiana'girl:.. Her marriage with Sig-  not Marconi'will', 'take'place: early  next year, and thereafter-'she 'will  live with her brilliant husband in  England  CHILE Y. ARGENTINA  CAUSE   OF.THE WAR  CLOUD THAT  HOVERS OVER THE REPUBLICS.  ABOUT WOMEN RULERS.  SlU.NOIt MAIIUO'.VI.  any other of the mntvelous develop  ments of this electric ago.  Gugliolmo Mnicom is luudlj Unity  yeais old,    an    Italian by bath and  partly so by pai ont ago   His motl.ei  was an English woman, but Ins father was a native uf Hulv   I lis   bnlli-  plato    was Boglotia       Since     1S518,  however, he has been a losident     of  England, and  has appaienlly identified himself peimunentiy  with      that  country     Both bts .scicnltltc and Ins  financial buckets  live theie.       Jltu-  coni is, and professes to bo, an amateur cleclncian     lie had been about  seven yeais at woik on lus pai titular subject of "wneless" tolegiaphy,  carrying out many experiments     on  his fnmilv estate neai  Bologna,    befoie ho discoveied the lmpoilnnt fact  that electtic waves geneiated by     a  sparking nppaiatus of the kind used  b.v tho Geimnn  physicist,    lloiiui.h  Ilertz, would not only cany to long  distances, but weie unaffected by   intervening hills and nntiiial obstacles  Befoie lyOG two miles was the maximum distance icached, while English  observeis had accoinphslicd one   and  llucc-nuniter miles      With  his    011-  gimil apparatus for tiansinitting and  receiving Hell/ waves much unpiover1, Mt   Mai com went ovei  to     England in l8lJfi,    nnd succeeded in getting the patronage of tlio     Biittsh  postal officials, mulct  whose auspices  ho cat i ied out signalling e\pci intents  on Salisbuty Plain and at   Fcuarth.  Since then he hns gindually impiov-  ed both his methods and Ins lecoids,  ihe distance travoisiri by lus olheiie  signals    being mtieased successively  from fom teen and a half miles,    between  Alum  Bay  and  Bournemouth,  to eighteen miles  (Alum Buy      and  Poole),    and Unity-two miles,     obtained between two  stations erected  at the instance of the Fiench    Government on Dovci   Cliff, close lo the  South Foi eland lighthouse,    and    at  Wimercux,    near  Boulogne    In  addition to this, Mr. Mm com made successful expciiments in caiiving    out  signals between ships and  Ihe shoic,  a pcinianent insinuation having been  at  woik for some time between the  South Foielnnd station and one    of  the Goodwin lightships  In September, IS'10, the young  Italian gave an exhibition of lus  wneless signalling at Hover Town  Hall, at which penod he asseited his  abilitv to flash messages a distance  of eighty miles  In tlio samo year Marconi came to  America to give demonsti ations of  his disco\ciy befoie oflice!s of     the  Ilcsplte tlie Uood Ueeordt of tlle (llleens,  Kliistit Are I're.eri'ert.  In spite of the proved capacity of  women to rule, iii spite of tlio universal admisyion of their capacities  in that respect and in others, if  these tiipucitivb be rightly trained,  all nations would sooner have at  their head a man tliun a woman, lt  is not solely because tho King can  personally load his armies to, war in  case of necessity, though it mny  htivo nothing to do with it. It is  Hot at all proved that Elizabeth-Tudor could not havo done as Well in  v-iirfuio us any of her generals  It is certain lhat Jlana Thcicsa  could have: done considerably better  than the majority of her captains in  tho Seven,Years' war. Catherine II,  siirnauicd "Tlie Great," aiid justly  so named, wus-the .superior in brains  of neaily all hei milil.ny counsclois  in tlie countiy where tho sixty-sec  ond paiugtaph of the Salic law has  .ihi.ii-s been slnctlj legaidcd the  most dauntless wutnot was a woman whoso namr, is still a won! to  conjure with.  Yet in the count i y of the great  Cittl.cnnc ��� who, in spite of lier  faults, was equally as gieat as a  iiilci���and of her ptedeccssois t'lcio  is .it piesent a poignant legiet that  their Csnr has "only duiighteis,  winch, uudei the new dispells mon,  aie excluded fiom tlio succession In  tho countiy of M.uia 'Iht'iesn tl.e dismay caused bv the untimely and tia-  gn death of the lieu of Kiancis Joseph continues, although thcic is nt  least one sister and also a daugiuci  of the dead aichduku wlio, if all accounts be true, aie itiiite as fit to  uile as the male hen picsuniptive.  Vet Francis Joseph knows peifcctly  well thai to attempt .mother "piug-  m.ilic sanction" such ns (hut which  raised Ztlarm Tlitiosn to the tin one  would ho'ii.''forlorn' hope.-j-lllusti'utc'd  London News  Tliey Are Tery Urenlr  Matched lu Tholx  Army and   Navy Peace Footing���Some  Details 'Unit Aro Interestinc Concern- |  ine Their .Military and  Sea Strenctli-  A Ciood N'cuclel In .Case of U'ar.  The wnr cloud which now hovers  ovcr the two South American republics. Chili and Argentina, has  arisen out of tho dispute over, tho  boundary lino between these countries, shown oh the accompanying  map in the range of mountains run-  COMING TO AMERICA.  Famous Womnn Atlronomer to Aisist Pr��.  "Jemor liou_riii at the Lniunil Stanford,  Jr., Uiilvei'iity In .California.  All of the Klumpke girls have made  a name for themselves abroad in art,  music and science, and again one of  them has gained new honors. Miss  Dorothea Klumpke, the famous astronomer,"-'has just been appointed  thief assistant to I'rofessoi Isuuc  Huberts at the JLclund Stanford, Jr ,  University. A number of years ago  she-.went to Paris to take a vocal  education, but finding lier voice  coiild never make her great she turned her attention to tho study ' of  mathematics in their application to  astronomy.  Mjss Klumpke became u student in  the famous school of astronomy nud  mathematics connected with tho observatory of Paris and was the first  woman to win the degree ol doctot  of mathematics. At the age of twenty-three, ������in' competition with fifty  Frenchmen, she won a position     as  S03IE YUKON WOMEN  HOWSEVERALOFTHEM MADE MONEY  IN THE FROZEN NORTH.  JUDGE ALBERT DERUTZEN.  Tho   Chief   "lleak"   of .(All the   London  I'nlicn CoiirlM,  Albeit De nut/en,  the new    Chief  Magistrate of all the police/courts of  London,  is  the  thud  son  of       the  late Union de Rul/cn, und has    sat  on the polite bench of tlie    modem  Bab} Ion foi   upwind of a qiiiu ter of  a. ccntuiy        Police magistrates      in  ���.London .ue often gieat   scholats and  sometimes nip cniinciit   in  the     law  The piesent thief magistiale,       foi  the noux-PAity iy dispute.  ning north and south Should wni  eventuate the two lepublics will find  thcinsehes veiy evenly matched Nei-  tliei has the advantage of the otlier  in the mutter of coast exposal o and  coast defence Aigcutina, of couise,  is a much Jut get countiy in niea and  has a population appi oMiiialcly ol  '1,000,000, while Chili has a population of about 3,000,000 -r[he nic.i  of Chili is 290,829 squaic miles,  wliile that of Argentina, including it*.  tcintoues, is 1,111),S'19 scjuaic miles  'J'he army of Argent mu, on a peace  footing, numbcis 21,510 ofheets  and. inch; that of-.Chili 19;750 oflic-  et s and men. Ihe Aigentina navy  consists of four coast defence aimor-  clads, five armoied ciniseis, tlncc  ���-eiond-ilaes trttiscis of high spied  Mid seven smallei outsets of modem  coiisttuLtion, together with four  cleslioyeis and t\\ uitv-two totpede  boats Tho Chilian licet consists ol  five ai moi-i lads, two stcond-clus<  and two tintd-t lass ciinscis, elevei  gun vcstels and gunboats four de-  stiojeis of now make and tbu ty-knot  ��� '"��� ;;-';XAVAL,.AXIl7Mll.n'AKY"i'OWKIl/ /':,/  ; speed, and:niiietcdii:.loi'pei.loboats.-;.0:  ���/tlie;-'two"/'navies'liy far. tlie /best/boat  is the;'critiser;0'lliggins, built at Els  /wick for./Chili/iii..1896, uiid;'a."   lint  vessel7;in all respects; ' Slio.has /Vc  ^displacement ;of 8,500.; tons, and car-.  Iries 'foiir.'eight-iiicli/guns.';Witli these  forces',;; based'oil peace,, the -two re-  publics/liavegbbd iibuclei foi' develop;  iiieiit^of.iPp.werfiii'-ai-iiiies/nnd'navies  in case-'ofwar.;,.:.::."-[X.���.'..:-���'���"���'..������.;:.��� ;;'./;-;-:,;  ':'���:,:���    SUSS DOliOTHEA. K-tlMPKK.  head-'of-'a depurtrtient in. Ihe,.���:.' Paris  Observatory, ;wlier'e her work has attracted- a great" clcitl of. attenlion.7:  1 The .astronomerJ.i'is; 'a tall, . w-ell  formed, handsome/woman and a gifted ,;. cotivei'satioiuilist.' She speaks  .Gerhiiijii,; French : mid /��� Engl Ish ; with  ctiutil facility.;', -About:a year ,. ago  she -'made several /buUoim/uscutisions  to study the leonid showers uiid take  otlier observations, oiie?of her .voyages ;talcingjher;as far/as the/coast  of, Niirmiiiidy.;;/;The/French Government' rcccnlly .decorated her. ���'���'���':/���:-���,���...  /Of 7 the sisters;-iJf.'JIlss''.-'Klumpke,  Anna'is.; a';famous portrait/painter,  Julia;is-a brillianttviolinist, and.A  gustit/was the iirst _\vomah to"be appointed house /surgeon iri; ii Paris/ hos  pitdL :Xyy yX.y:������.,-.      y:X.ll x-zyy-yy;.  Two Ilonietitic Servants Witli  liralnn and  Cluir..cter mid 'I heir Mircecoful Careen  iu   the Kloii<iil_u~Alllu>u!:li  M'uil >eafly   Iteuutieil   'Ihey Continued  Itenoluli.ly to .Straight ColirMi aud Won.  Not quito four years ago two  young women who had been domestic  servants journeyed up the Yukon to  Dawson. They    were ; thoroughly  nice, good girls, with better manners and bringing up than hundreds  of Klondike women'who inailo moro  pietensions. They expected either  to'cook or keep house for somebody,  they did not know-whom..-.-- In the  Klondike there is every temptation  for a good Woman to fall into evil  ways if theie be Iho lest possibility  of hei do.ng so, but th��se guls weie  resolute in their determination to  get money honestly, or not at all.  For a considerable timo they did  not get it. They shitQicd in their  canvas tent and ate the provisions  tliey had brought with thum. As  these-.'diminished the respect of all  who knew the gnls mcieased At  length, after the unual stampede, a  new '.mining camp was opened on a  cieck some fifty miles from Dawson  That was the chance for the girls  Tliey had then goods conveyed to  tlie now diggings by pack horse and  dog team, while they themselves  footed it thithci thiough bogs and  creeks and along dangerous . mountain paths 'Ihey opened a Inundiy  It was well patiom/ed from tbe  fust In n few niontlis .one of them  married ,a man .worth S75.000. The  other continued with the ' launchy  alone  lVomnn a tender flower, is she''  What think you the young Klondike  launch ess does when her supply of  soap and starch gives out in the  mining i.unp fifty miles fiom Dawson? She herself proceeds ', alone  with one of. those half wild Eskimo  dog teams over the lugged tiail to  Dawson, purchases hei supplies and  returns in the same /manner,    trust-  A LIFE SAVER.  Keniarhable lirci'i-d of George Geddei o_f  Olasgow, Itecently .Honor* d by Loudon   ,  liumune socii'tv of tireut ISriluin.  The Royal Humane Society ot  Great Britain recently awarded lt��  silver modal to George (leddes of  the Glusgow lluiii.int Sociotj Tho  record of life-saving thus rewarded  Hard ran | arid commemorated is ''surely one of  the most remarkable of its kind,  Getldes, who is now thirty-eight,, be*  gun his career by saving a girl from  Iho Clyde when only fourteen. Dur*  ing the past .thirteen years he has  on thirty-six occasions plunged into  tho Clyde and succeeded in effecting  rescues, in addition to making    foU8  .lunoi. AiiiEP.t nt. itDT/.tn  e^amplo, is a C.unhiidge man and  was a well-known l.uwei when he  was fust appointed ' beak" of the  jMaiylcbonc jiolite cottit Since then  he has been piomotcd steadily, until  he is now tho sitpicme head  oi        the        system 'llie       ap  pointment is always made by the  home secietaty, and tlie chief Judge  is neai Iv aluays knighted, as w.is  Sir Fiankliii Luslnngton, Judge Do  Ktitzcn'.s pieduccssor. In his col  lege days De Hut/en, who is now 70  was a ciack oarsman at Cambridge  book  more  pale  New Use:fur Automobile.  Princo Khilkoff, Russian Blinistoi  of Ways of Communication, has do-  vised an entirely novel way of utilizing an automobile In his gaiden  'oid.nniy railway slccpeis have been  laid a distanio of a couple of hunch ed yaids, and along these timbers  bonrding has bum fixed on c.snetly  the distunte up.ut for the wheels of  ' nn . automobile to i-iin uponv them  -just as a train runs on rails. A lut-  er.iLplunk ncts_as_.i-gunid-to--pro-  vent the automobile leaving the  tiack. An oidiuuiv .'J> hoise power Do Dion-Bout on caniage easily  pulled a cart' laden with bricks and  a workman, the whole weighing 110  poods (neaily two tons) at a speed  of 12 versts un houi  'llie Ministei pm poses to apply the  system Ihiougluuit. thu enipne as a  supplemental v tne ins of transpoit  between points not icached by Midways  Bptei-iuiiH About Women.  The    one who  has lead  the  that is called woman knows  than  the one who has giown  in libianes ���-lloussayo  I lcceived money with her and for  the dowiy have sold my autlioiity ���  I'lautus  Tho only tiue and (lim fi icndship  is that between man and woman, because it is the ouly nflctftioii e\cmpt  fiom actual oi possible rivaliy���A.  Comte  Woman's powei is ovcr the affections A beautiful dominion is  heis, but she nsks its foifeiluic when  she seeks to extend it��� Bo\ce  The woman Who is resolved to be  respected can 'make herself to ./be so  e\en amid an aimy of solclicis ��� Cci-  vniites  A fan: is indispensable, to a woman who can no  longer blush  Tlie woman who throws herself at  a man's head will soon hnd hei place  at his feet.���Dosnoyers  New "llov'to Nuvnl 1'r.ilnln^.JI  The Ilowaldt woiks at Kiel have  begun woik on a Russian vessel,  which is styled au ' engineer, machinist and stoker training ship "  It will be the only ciafl of its kind  ever in existence The vessel will  bo fitted with tubular boilcis of fom  system, including the C ennui  "Schulz" boiler, and will cany all  the dilleiont styles of auxibaiy engines used in wai ships Tito new  training ship will be employed partly as a coal tiansport for naval .stations. It has a displacement of 12,-  000 tons, and will cany a ciew of  730 The vessel, which will be  named Oklan, will cost 5,000 000  inaiks (31,190,000) The Russian  Minister of 3Iaime expects good lesults from this new depailuie m the  way of tmining cnguieois, machinists und stokers for the navy  Will Wear Famous Gem.  One of tlie sights of King Fdwnid's  coioniition will be tho famous jewel,  the Kohinooi, which will be woin in  the crown.of' Queen Alexandra.' It is  one/oflho largest diamonds in     ex-  AuKtrnlirt's New Kniblem.  ; Australia's now flag: is ^-practically  the Victorian design. It has tlie Union, Jack iii the top left baud corner, and- immediately below is the  ^t_ar7p_f^Ajistra_ltiZfe  UAIICOM'S'FlANRIil.  United States Annv and Nnvy, pnd  Incidentally to illustrate its Workings nf .'the international yacht race  of that yen  Since that year Jfarconf has steadily improved his system, rind more  and moie nicieased its pi actual field  of usefulness,; chiefly in the .direction  of communication between passing  ships at sea and between the .slio'o  and incoming and depiiiting vessels-  Regular ship repotting stations have  been recently established on theliish  coast, and at Nantucket, the time of  isolation fiom tho outside woild experienced bv the great ti ans-AtJantic  Ennritioii* '! riililn atllm Sno.  Over      d,78.1,000   tons   of freight  passed    thiough    (lie Aiuuiil.ui    und  Caiitidinn canals at Suull"Ste. Jlario  in .July, an iiilumsu of about   2(>2,-  000 tons over .1 une. The number  of vessi Is cairylng'tliis tonnage was  3,211 and besides G,Sod,777 bushels  of uiie.it, 1,0')2,025 ban els of   Horn,  1 ,S'1H 100 feet of luiubei und 3,-  .'lol 2'M tons of uou ore. 14,200  pnssengois wcio earned Theie nie  few btistei Loinmcicial points in the  .world and the: traffic is far in excess ol that of the Suez Canal.  AUSTItAUA'S XEW SKAI,.  senting one ..of .the-six states of the  union. The other half of the ling is  devoted to depicting tho -Southern  Cross. The-country's;new seal lias a  symbolic figure of Australia for the  obverse and a grouping of the iirnis  of the,six states for tiie reverse.  ofe  Moliilioof Oriqinaiform  GBORQIj: 'GB'UOES,    SCOTI.ANll'S- CIIAMPI08  LIFE SAVEU.  lnoffectual attempts to savo htet  Twenty-two of the above lescues wer��  of an exceptionally hazardous nature  fiom -daikness, tiie cun cut and  depth, coupled with the extremely;  filthy state of the water In tho  same penod he lias effected nineteen  lescues by means of a boat, and by  using his drag has lecoveted over*  ��50 bodies from the nver within  tho limits of the city Being an expert in tho use ot icstoiative treat-  ment, he has at various'times sue*  lecded in this ducction under the  most apparently .hopeless '.'circumstance When it is added that last  year Geddes easily gamed fiist placo  in the Puns inteinational life-saving  competition, hold in the Seme, it  will be lecognizcd that he lendily  takes fust place in the estimation of  his count!ymen who are inteiested in  the cause of humanity.  A-.iinst  lillii-.ci'ii.  London has started''a''movement  against blinkeis for horses, which  in most cases ate useless and haiinfill to tho sight of the animals Host  of the gie.il i.iilioad companies ond  one of the ti.nnway lines have done  awny with them, so that now, it Ib  slated, "10,000 horses aie working  without  bl'aker*.  Moving a .Mammoth.  Tho skeleton of a ginntniniiiiiiol.il,  uncurl bed some lime ago in Lust  foiboita, will be bi ought to St, Petersburg in the coining winter, writes  a SI Fotoisbuig loiiespond.'iit. Tlie  task of conveying it is a most formidable one, as the distance to Irkutsk, which is tho neai est tniluay  station, is fi 000 miles '1 ho fckc-  lcton will have to bo cut up and  tioatcd with uisqiuc, each portion  being nica'cd in cowhide in oidcrto  juevent the .t��� l a'loiting it. As far  as Yakutsk tlie Kivci I cna will bo  ulili/cd, hut fi om tlicio iiiatlv 2,-  000 miles of swampy foic-t will haxe  to be ti.r.ei'i'd 'I'ho comcyunce  will bo efficicd m sloi^lis, and it is  calculated tlint t t least ,->0 hoises  will be roijuiicd to chaw them.  Present funic ofthe ftohiftonr  islcnce. Queen Aloxtindrawill bu tlio  latest of a lung series'of queens who  have worn it in various lands and in  the courso of a period of time which  extends buck to the ages of fablo.  Xo More (ilovf- for SoliliiMK  It is announced that tho French  aimy will soon lie riepi lved of gloves  fiom motives of I'lonomy. Each of  tlie 500,000 soldicis icceives two  pahs a je.u, anil I'tich pun costs  one franc 2a ti-it lines But the m-  hahitatits of Nioit, who live by the  nianufacliire of thc-e gloves, nie pio-  tcstum vigoiousK ngainst the pio-  poscd measure Fotu Uioiisiind people will be tin own out of woik  should 00*11 Antti." peisist fn introducing the lefonn Needless to say,  every pioupion Mill hail it with delight. The gltne oi latliei the ab-  senco of it, savs the Palis correspondent of The Fall /Mall Gazette,  1ms been the cause of moie punishment, thnn all the test ot tho catalogue of mditaiv offences.  ELLEN* AND II Kit UOU TKAll.  ing and sure and safe, to hei  cabin  in     the mining canip.     No  dnnger  befalls her.  ��� You may put it down  as a universal  truth: ,   There is no  placo whoie a good woman is so safe  as in a mining camp, w hei e the most  despciutc chuiucteis among men .no  supposed  to  galliei   anil   do  gather  In  the dead  of wintci,  the  thermometer, fur below zero; Ellen mid her  dog team may bo scon sliding swiftly over tho dog trail, she     running  alongside and uiging with hei  whip,  the  dogs  trotting  with  the     heavy  sled behind, them.;    Is it not a fine  picture of independent womanhood?  . Tlicre are otlier women Who have  made   mote   money    less  woitlnly.  Two,    no     longer    cither young or  handsome," whose career oh the vni-  lcty stage in the States was    about  over, went to Dawson soon .after..'the  first saloon vaudeville theatre    was  .opened      ln two \cais they     "went  out"    with     S20,000 apiece.-   .-Then  there-is Mrs. Blank, "coining inoncy  band ��� over fist,"  it  is said  of hei  I'loi met ly_she. wus-pi opi ifni-of ���a  restaurant ��� no matter where.     - It  was    a    respectable,   well 'conducted  place, not gn.uh   teuuiiieinine,however;       But   tbcTC she learned    liei  business.     Willi a little capital she  made her way  to Dawson,  ,'. looked  about her and presently    opened     a  roadhouse on the trail between Dawson    nnd one of the'gieat     mining  camps.    , At her house; miners    and  travelers stop  for  rest,  food.    aiid  drink.        The piopi telicss        iiei self  stands behind the bar and deals out  iltinCs to her citstoincis.    Sho  pile-  men with alcohol till thoy     scarccli  know  their heads  from., a 'football  then when  they,hand  out  their, line  of cold dust to  pa\  her sho      take-,  two or three or four limes as   much  as the liquor is worth oven at Dawson pi ices,  and  the men .uu       too  drunk to discover tlie steal  One refined and estimable lady  who was a pioneer woman in Dawson, found no suitable opening: in  tlie Klondike,'so.with the llrst rush  to Cape Nome, she went tlicio with  the mining people and stinted a  laundty. Now she is succeeding  very well.  C�� rious/ Pol.vu lo t Period teals.  Threo   curious  poljglot peiiodicahs  are now being published  One is the China Times, which is  rcguUily pi luted in seven languages*  lt is published in the capital of  China, and the languages in which it  appeals aio tliu LngJish, Fiench,,  Geiman, Italian, Russian, Japanese  and Chinese  Auothei polyglot paper is ther  Austrian semi-inoiithly.^entitied: -Act*.  Comp.u-ationis Litei.uuiu Umvoisar-  um. It has coiicspondents and subscribers all ovei the woild, and tha  contiibutions of the foi met aie m-  vaiiably piinted in the languuge of  the countiles fiom which ihey are  sent As a icsult il ficquently happens that in one numbci of the paper thero are attiilcs in twenry-hvo  or thntv languages  The thud poljglot paper is tho"  "Pantolodion Mug.i/ine," which is  published in St Feteisbutg, and  which contains ciiulhI essays re-  g.uding the new books published  thioughout the woild. Each of  those essays is pi in ted in the language of the countiy wheie the new  book of which the essay treats appealed. Thus a io\iew of an American book is punted in .English",  a lcview of a ricncli book is printed  in French, and so on One number  of tins Tenodical has contained articles in fifteen dilTeicnt languages���  namely, Geiman, Fiench, Limhsli Italian, Spanish, Hutch. Foi tuguese,  Swedish, Danish Ilungait.in. Rou-  niania, Russian, Servian, Bohemian  and Polish  Disraeli ut 22  This is a pictui c of the late I or63  Bcaconsfield at the ngo of 22 He  was then plain Benmmin Disraeli,  and had just published Oiis celebrated novel,  "Vivian Giey," which won  Ui'panee,  "Well," ho said, "I don't protend  to Know everything "  "If I were going to revise tl*at  statement for jou," she nnsweiod,  "I could think of only one \ hange to  make."  "What would that be?"  " 'Anything'  for   'everything.' "  ni-K.ii 11 \i -  high favor in bleary London Tho  pictuic was i t"iply published us  "tho nutliot of '\ ivian Giov,' " and  for a time was'tlio lulk of the town.  Loid Bcaconsfield was boin in ItOl  and died in J SSL  An OstentHllt'UM'Toiiil A list id ikt  The young Queen of Holland is a  total abstninoi and ostentatiously  refuses on all public occasions to  lake wine. Her most intimate  friend, Fiincess Paulino, of Nurtcin-  bcrg, was by her won over to tho  Kinks of the teetotalcis Now  King Humbcit is dead,'it is  Queen Wilholmina is the_ only  total reigning monarch, if' one  cepts tho Sultan of '.Turkey.  that  said  toe-  ox- "  mmi rtNtf-riMtUXttrur-KSUU c  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY MARCH 15, 1902  If,  III'  m  oo  ..$2.50 SHOES  Most    dealers would ask more money for our  S2.S0 Shoe, hut we are determined to sell the hest  "for t'he  money.  The Ladles' Shoes are made of kid and cult,  some in mannish shapes with extensoin soles���  right up to the very .hour In style.  T.he lien's Shoes are made of Dongola Kid,  AVal Calf, etc. .New styles, all sizes. Give out  ��2.30 Shoes a trial; that's the ibc<t test.  420-422 Westminster Ave  ~^\y  Knowdell & Hodgson  512 Granville St., Vancouver.  Healers in  Stoves, Ranges, Tinware,  (iraiiileware, Cutlery and  (.iiiiTal Hoiiscfiiniisliings  Trices right. Call and see for yourselves.  MAIL OKDERS receivel'prompt attention.  |       ON HIS ROUNDS.       I  f>.     By H. Williamson, ol Ihe Independent.     ;j  ^^{���){;>:*K**i;*;l;^r>>K*5!^K^K  Since If wiou- last week 1 am sorry  ���to anniuinit- that the miner who was  ,30 seriously injuivd ut Phoenix lias  ���died. The otlier two, howe\er, are gct-  IhiS nlonif tn- well ;.s can be expected.  __.lith.uy i-J the terminus of the C. P.  J_. in the I'.iuiiuliiry country. This is  rather a small town and very quiet at  present. The people here ure looking  forward to the road being continued  .on up through lloi-lc Creek, talking in  ������Camp -JIoKiniiey and connecting with  llie coast.  I spent a couple of days :it the "West  "JToillcs -with my ibrotheiv,. vt hu huive a  ranch there. The several hue and cry  at this point it. "give us a railittnil so  that .wc can gel our products to iikii-  ''set." This part ol the Boundary Is a  .Kreat producer of general farm produce  and is a very valuable section of the  district.  ���Since arriviiur baok In Greenwood I  ���Iind that the miners .have bad a very  ���important change in the personnel of  the oillcers anil trustees of tlieir uiiioi.  - Air. G. P. Dougherty, formerly th"*  ���president, has ibeen elected tbe new  ^6epflarj--treii_:Ui-er, vice Mr. Kane, resigned. The following is the complete  list: Donald McGlnshen, pre.slilt.iit:  Samuel lUcOlelltinil, tvice-president; G.  "3S. Dougherty, secietary-treasui'tr; .R.  *C. Morrison, lecoi'dins-secfelury: Jas..  Davidson, conductor; Nels Larson,,  warden: S. .McClelland. N*. Larson.  Murdor-lc Kempt. H. E. Poulinier and  3. D. *\Vlic-l.-in, trustees. The new president is a Nova 'Scotian. and the ne.v  secretary hails from Butle, ilontaua,  w'liere he had resided for about 1-1 years  and where 'Ik- was connected oft and  on with the International revenue ollice  jis cleric of tlie district court-. He  -Was also in tiie employ of the Anticon-  -d-aand Parrot companies.- The icliriiig  secretary', Mr. Kane, has been an enor-  Betlc officer. .He has several claims  that lie is most anxious lo go tn'Or,  and, besides, he has an hotel al Phoenix, whicli he is desirous Ot taking over  and running it himself.  During the past six months tlie  . (Greenwood Miners' union 'has paid out  J1,1__0 in sick 'benefits to the members.  The membership has during the same  3>eriod increased about ICO. per cent.���  to be accurate from about 12�� to inO old   member.".--. L_wlll _leave_foi-__the_coiist_  about tbe end of the week.  GIUA.XD CONCERT.  In a few vveelks there will 'be a srnnd  production of the cantata, "Kstl.er, the  ISeautlful Queen," in aid of a I'lillilien's  vraM In the proposed new city hospital. Tlie project hus met with the almost universal approval of tbe loudliii.  iwoplc of this cily, and has .secured tin-  co-operation of about 13 of our lumlins  musiclnns. Iteliertrsals are held at the  Conservatory of Music, nt 7:lj every  Thursday evening, and are progres.i-  Jnff most favorably. Any siiiKCis cle-  eiroUH of iildlnir so worthy nu obj.-ot  should at once report. The following  is a. synopsis of this "beautiful and Instructive wonk: Esther was horn In  Persia about 300 years before Christ.  ���From infancy an orphan, she w:is  ���adopted ���by her uncle, Morilfteiil, nnd  trained in the accomplishments of  highest womanhood. She was a great  natural Ibeauty, and vvas chosen iby" the  King to be his wife and queen. Bu  Bhe "did not disclose the fact that she  %vas a Jewess. Now, Hainan was .the  king's chief minister and favorite, and  he .hated Mordecai because die ��� would  not bow before him, as the k'lng had  ���commanded all to do.  He, however, did  TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL  not know Mordecai's relationship to the  queen. In revenge therefor he obtained  from .the king a decree to destroy all  the Jews in the 1'27 provinces under ?iis  sway. - Moi'deeai discovered the plot,  and charged the queen to petition the  king for the safety of her people. This  she did at the peril of 'lier life, because  of the law that no ono might go unco  tlie Iking unhidden. The king .heard lier  petition, nnd Hainan was defeated. Hainan had made ready for Mordecai a  gallows ,.0 cubits high. An attendant  informed the 'king of the fact. The  king in <wrnlli commanded Hainan to  be hanged upon it. and proclaimed  Mordecai his prime minister in his  stead.   All the people sing praise.  HOW THEY WORK IT.  At present the Crow's Xesl-Piiss Coal  company has a monopoly of the 'fuel  supply for the smelters of tliis province  nml its directors are only human in Uie  desire to get all they can out of il. It  is unite natural, therefore, lot- them  to discourage, to the extent of their  ability, the opening of otlier equally  productive and valuable coal measur.a.  But let us see how the company conducts ibusiness. When the mines near  Fernle .began to be developed, It was  finite natural that tt town should grow-  up there. The coal company platted a  piece of ground, sold lots at good figures and a prosperous community was  started. 'Wie company gave it out that  no company stores would 'be run, and  business men soon .began lo JlocK  there. But now, what a change! The  company announces that it will shortly  start stores, and to a delegation of Fer-  nie ���business men sent to Toronto In  the matter, virtually tells them, to  mind tlielr own business���the 6tor.��s  will certainly be established. This is  the company that will, we are told, of  its own free will, be so generous lo  our smelters���will supply all the cok->  and coal needed uf the best quality,  p.nij at ivi.li; bottom figures! The smelting interests of the province demand  and must have competition in fuel sun-  ���ply, aa well as in freight. It is absolutely essential; otherwise the major  profits from our low grade ores will  go into the capacious maw of the  Crow's Nest Coal company, which now  has a practical monopoly.���Phoenix  Pioneer.  BEHIND AS USUAL.  The Railway subsidies brought down  this  year  in   the    Ontario  legislature  call for grants totalling $631,000.     The  IronUale, Bancroft & Ottawa Railway  gets $210,000, including a rebate of *:��,-  000, tho Idea being; to complete a short  and more direct route from the Ottawa  Valley to Toronto. The Thunder Boy  & St. .Toe Railway gets $2,000 a mile for  10 miles and 5,000 -acres of land per  mile. The C. P. R. gets $11,000 a mile  for 15 miles from Dinorwlc to Lake  Minetuke. Thin will give ntivlgation  to Lac Settle-. The James Hay Railway gets a cash subsidy of $1,000 a mile  or $9.">,000 In all from a point on the  Canada Atlantic, near Rose Point to  the C. P. lt. near Sudbury. The subsidies seem sudly small by comparison  wilh those offered to the Canadian  Northern et al. by British Columbia.  But Ontario Is not a prodigal Province  with "money to hurn," or rather bestow, on railroad promoters, already  well on the way to become multl-mll-  llonulres. "To them thut have shall be  given," Is the political maxim of the  rulers of the Pacific Province, whilst  from "them that Ihave not"���the majority of the people���shall be taken that  which they think they have, or may  have for themselves or their descendants in, a very visionary by-and-by.���  News-Advertiser.  Advertise in -The Independent.  CANADIAN.  The stove-mounter--* of 1'ra.nttord, On-  turio,   have  organized.  The Lardeau Miners' union have deckled to build a hospital.  Tlie Sandon miners' union hospital  will hold their annual ball on March  17th.  I'leslilent Ralph Smith of the Tradfs  and Labor Congress of Canada is werl-  ously 111 at Ottawa.  The threshers of Gait a:i.i Crnn'.forrt  have organized. This is the beginning  of iho organizing of tlie farm wot iters  of Ontario.  The masons and plasterers are about  to organize a union at Revelstoke. The  rate of wages demanded iby the meni-  bei-s of Uhe above union throughout  Kootenay is $3 a day of eight hours.  The master painters of Toronto lut.-e  decided to declare a lock-out on March  17th, If 'the employees persist In demanding increased wages. The (plumbers ^aiiil gatj-litters are asking for a  minimum rate of 37 1-2 cents an 'hour  and an eight-hour day.  Census figures of Newfoundland  place the population at 220,2-l'.i, of  whioh Newfoundland has ,210.013 und  Labrador 3,631. According -to the figures of 1S91 Newfoundland had 107,')30  inhabitants, while Labrador had 1,106.  The increase shown by the liiit report  equals about 9 per cent, of llie total  population in lS'.il.  The Sandon 'Miners, union held its  svml-nnnunlj election of oillcers last  week. Following are the unities of the  successful candidates: President, G?o.  Nichol; ivice-pi-csident, It. M. *\Vpl_ster;  recording secretary, S. U. Clement; iiuaneial secretary, D. B. O'Neil; conductor, George F. Clement; warden,  Eric Lemieux; trustees, F. G. Carlisle,  Dun 'Nichol, William Foiguson.  Mr. John Armstrong, No. '.li's c.ii.i'i-  diilu for the- Childs-Di-L-xel houi..- for  union .printers, received the endorsation ot nearly 30 unions throimiuuit  the jurisdiction, ���which is considered  ri-mai-ku'ble, us .he entered the fielJ til  a. very late date. .Mr. Armstrong' is  one of the olilc-st meinbers of the Toronto Printers' union, and in 1S7!> vvas  president of the 1. T. U. of America.  The sealers' strike- at St. John's,  Nlld., is ended, and the steamers have  sailed for the ice-iloes. The committee  directed all the men to join thair  ships, and within two hours till the  ships had crews and put to sea. The  agreement is that the- man shall get  $3.50, as against $3.:'3 last year, per  hundred-weight for seals. They also  get tree .berths, as against the lormer  charge ot $3 each.  'The mineral production of Canada  last year totaled $72,000,000, of 'Which  the Yukon yielded $18,500,000. British  Columbia's .principal mineral products  were gold, coke, copper, silver, lead,  etc., valued at '$20,700,000. The Northwest Territories and Manitoba contributed gold, coal, gypsum, building  material, .worth $3,000,000. Ontario's  products were Iron, steel, iron ore, copper, nickel, gold, graphite, natural gas.  mica and oil, 'worth $13,000,000. Nova  Scotia equaled Ontario, its products of  COM, lion, steel, gold, gypsum and  grindstones ibeing valued at $13,000,003.  AMERICAN.  Cheyenne, Wyo., has a live union  paper and 22 union's.  Fresno is bragging that it will be the  *best organlzed'town on the coast by  April 1st.  lihe Laundry Workers of San Francisco are preparing to ask for a slight  increase in pay on the expiration of  their present contracts.  James XV. Tufts, the millionaire soda  "fountdin"~m"anufacturer_of~Kostonrlei't  by ihis 'Will the sum of $S0,O0O to be  divided among his employees.  ���A headlight has recently 'been Invented iw.hich turns with the curves of the  track Instead or shining in a straight  line with the boiler, thus keeping the  light always on the track. '  The Kansas City Lrouor Record is  complaining that the A. F. of L. pays  no heed to their culls for an org.inlzsr  und Is on the verge of turning lo tlie  Western Labor union for help.  *  The miners liave Instituted a new  holiday to be known ns "Anti-Injunction day." May 17th ls the date- appointed, and they usked trade uulonlsLs  everywhere lo adopt the suggestion.  The Journeymen Tinkers or Dallas,  Tox., are on strike. The master bakers are. In effect, thcatening the hotels and restaurants with 'blacklisting  ir they favor union label Ibrend at tills  time.  ���Some one seems to ihave a grudge  against the carpenters of California.'  First the eastern papers were filled  with announcements that carpenters  were wanted at good wages in Los An-,  gelt-s, until the town is over-run with  men searching for the promised work.  Now' the San Francisco .papers have  published advertisements to tlie effect  that carpeuteis are wanted in San  Jose, llakerslleld and Sacramento,  when the '.ruth is that those towns  already have u surplus of help.  The members of the San Francisco  Sign and Pictorial Painters union have  received an advance cf $1 a djy. Tho  sign painters will now receive ?4.50 for  an eight-hour day and the pl.-toritil  painters $5.30.  The Introduction of the working card  system ihas proved a strong point for  the unions of Fresno. Last year th-j  contractors tried to ikeep their men out  of the unions. This year they are telling them to go in.  The Tcne Haute stieet cur strikers  have sume most loyal supporters.  Eighty-five children at Selbyvllle, Ind.,  picked up their books and left school  because some of their teachers rode on  the boycotted line.  A strike is threatened on the Denvet  and'Rio Grande anil Rio Grande Western between Denver and Ogden on account of the summitry dismissal of  numbers of employees. Investigations  are now being made.  The city of ���Memphis, Tenn, is getting along with vary little plumbing  these days. The plumbers are locked  out by the bosses, who tried to force  a diiferent scale of prices and distaste  fui shop rules upon them.  Mr. Erackden, a good union mnn who  has got Into the Ohio legislature, 'has  Introduced a bill providing a miiiimun  wage scale for teachers in the public  schools, .based upon the- years of experience and the grade of the teacher's  certificate.  It is uin.ouneed in the pres-s dU-  putehes that the difficulties with the  National Cash Register jieople have  been settled at a conference 'presided  over 'by a committee of ihe National  civic fed.;; a tion. 'But the terms or sei-  tlenient are not given.  | YOU'LL NEED HEAT  j�� \ Before long now.   Tho best heaters made ���  ���the cheapest to buy and the most eco- ���  nomical to use are the v  JJ   AIR-TIGHTS AND      X  BASE   BURNERS.      +  made by the McClary Mfg. Co.- ���  ��� Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. |  A SOLE AGENT 2  M This high 6-rade WALL FINISH .Is in .  __i __t     f**.     *-*.     I      **.     Skater demand this year than ever.  ���flB"_P"_rlni___ifli       BECAUSE   it   mixes ��� easier,   works  \aM     B       a\Ja\     I     \mW    cosier, looks 'hotter   and   lasts longer ���  than any otlier illnlsh manufactured.  Asflt for the "best and the best Is MURTLO.  blade In twenty-four shades and .white.  Sole Agents,  McLennan,  McFeely & Co*.  Phone 14.  122 Cordova 'Street., Vuncouvor, B.C.  Phone IOCS  FOHKIGN.  The   IJengul   government   litis   suppressed bai'iiiaiil.s.  The next international socialist tun-  gress will 'bo .held at Amsterdam, in  August, 11103.  Cablegrams announce the execution  of a number of the strikers who were  arreslL-d during the recent Barcelona  riots.  The Prussian government is asking  for a loan of JS.000,000 marks, wllh  which to purchase tlie coal fields of  Westphalia.  Mornrjl V. Nuik has formed a co-op-  ertutlve society on the Roc-lida!-: plan  in 'Bombay. The society has at present  twelve- inem'bers und excellent prospects.  ���The socialists of Berlin, have started u movement to nbollsh night work  for women and to establish the eight-  hour system for nigiht labor for adutt  males.  Twenty-live thousand men are idle in  S'ieiinu, and great suffering is reported  unions the laboring people. The troops  recently fired upon a mob ol hungry  men and women.  It is Said that a bona fide socialist  party is'being formed in New Zealand.  The trades council of Christchurch endorsed the movement and voted to become a branch, and the new party is  rapidly spreading among the organuea  workers.  France will soon hold its general  elections and the rapid growth of the  socialist movement is putting the politicians on* tlie anxious seat. Prince  Bonaparte has come out in opposition  to socialism, and offers to "suvi  France," hut Ihe is not looked upon  with favor toy the republicans.  The British Miners' federation having adopted the principle of direct- re-  presentation liT^parliamMitriK~reduclng  its proposals to practice with commendable zeal. There arc over S70,000  unionists affiliated to the federation  and the scheme adopted Is that for each  of these ls. per year sliall be paid Into  il representation fund, each affiliated  union 'being 'then free to select one  candidate for e-noli 10,000 members, the  legal election expenses being puyuble  from the fund, together with a maintenance of -CIPiO per session und a first-  class railway pass for ouCh memiber  returned. I'ndcr .these proposals the  fuiid Income should amount to ��18,7uii  a. year, and the number of federated  candidates ��t next election too :)7. If  all the 37 candldaltes .were returned, tho  molntenanco allowance, exclusive of  the railway pass, -would absorb .Cll2,95i_  a year, leaving a handsome surplus to  accumulate  for election  purposes,  Mothers Know a Great Deal  [About Boys' Clothing  But do you suppose they ever dreamed .that it would reach the  ���perfection it has now attained. Our window tells the story���gaze iu  and see the smartest tWngs In Boys' Suite that you ever saiw.  Perhaips you have a boy���then you may tbe tempted to come inside and ask questions about our Boys' Suits.  JOHNSTON, KERf GOT i* CO.  104- and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? tlasllngs St., 0|i|>. Wm. Ralph's.  KELLY, DOUGLAS & CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  ���>  [JQf" Headquarters for Domestic and lm-  Jjorted Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  Dinner Sets  We are sihowiing a splendid assortment of New Dinner Sets, running in  price from  $8.00 to $50.00.     .  They are the best English Semi-Porcelain goods.  O,.  The famous "Crown Darby" patterns  .are among 'them.  R. G. BUCHANAN ���� CO.  CIIOCKKKY AXD HOUSE KL'KNlSIIiNGS,  Telephone 9-1-5. 409 Huttings Street.  ��� �������<>-���������������� �������������������  t  Wishing the  Citizens of Vancouver  a Prosperous  New Year_^>  ���we again want it known that  we are still doing business at the  old stand and invite you to make  us a cull.  Get prices, note quality and be  happy for 1902.  FORD'S GROCERY  Tel. 726.   25 Hastings St. E.  ��� ���������������������� *>*>99*>9  ^ -T__l-_.urthe.r_noHce_W9 ���  9 will sell  * Watches at  10 Per Cent.  Less than any advertised price $  of any other store in the oity.       J  DAVIDSON BROS., |  The Jewelers.   ' *  ���^���^���5K*Ht*H-:*H*:^H*H(^f;^K^*;  The"  A new hroom -I.s supposed to sweep  clean, one with the label on ���will sweep  cleaner; try It. The broom makers are  organized and should Ibe assisted, look  for their laibel .when buying a (broom.  In order ito have a "pull" in .politics  It ls necessary to starifl in with the  "ousto!"  Httvlnt: the Only Up-to-Dato Grill Room  in B.C. which in Itself Is a guarantee  ulaFlret-ClaisHotel and Restaurant.  Seymour Streeet,  Klint's Dyspepsia Tablet! are guar-  ��� nued to restore falling appetite and  ���orret^ any kind of stomach tronbl".  ���i c. box.   McDowell, Atkins, Watson  ��AVOY   THEATRE  McDostli, it SiMi'SON Pioprletors.  Alf. P. James Slat's Mnnuger,  . Week Commencing  Monday, Next  Artistic and Refined Vaudeville.  o  EVERY ACT A FEATURE.  . . MASKS A  _r-.Cl.UTY OF . .  ��'   Dewafs special Liqueur" also -'.  ��    usher's bigck LoDe) Liqueur wmsMv;.  -LARGE STOCK OK-  IMPORTKD AND DOMESTIC  . Ciqars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props,  Coiner Cordova and Cabrall.  | :   GEO. HAY   : ��  4&S     Vancouver's   Pioneer    Clothes     ^^.~-  ^J      Renovator, makes a suit now.      jT  ? Dyeing and Repairing. X.  Al       ��� 216 Cambie St., Vancooveii.        jfc  Tel. 346���Laundry.  Tel. 1175���Branch.  The Sanitary  Conditions  ot tho Pioneer I_avndry tire perfect.  There Is an abundance of light  and fresh, pure air���the -Laundry  ���belns In a blook by Itself with  lots of space all' around'it.  Scrupulous cleanliness marks  every nook and' corner.  The watchword of tho whole Institution ls "OLiEAiNMNESS" nnd  from tho timo our driver tiikei  your bundle until Jt Is returned to  yo>u It will' Havo passed through  tho hand* of whito peoplo only.  Steam Laundry  Phone 346. 910 ��� 014 RicnARns St  Downtown Office, No. 4 Arcade.  WHITf   HUP  ONLV.  For the noxt SO days you can get a suit sd i  your own- price at  THE"   ACME  To introduce our new system of talUiliig >*- -  tore our ���Kail Stock anlvti.  2 G*M��ii>StS.  CI4, HallMtf. Cutter ~


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