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The Independent Apr 19, 1902

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 Legislative Libr'y  Mar. 31101  The royal bank  of canada  . . SAVINGS   BANK . .  'A. General Banking' Business   ���       Transacted.  OFFICES-^Hastings   Street,   W.,  {Westminster Avenue, Vancouver.  VOL. 5.  ��. C. PERJMEiVT LO.W  SD  illKGS CO.  Authorized Caiiitul - ?lli,0O0,00O  biiOMiibcd Capital - - l,HXi,l)IX>  Ansel* over    -    -    -    ���      IMO.IXjO  Head Office'321"Camb!>: Street, Vancouver, H. C.  VANCOUVEK, B. C, SATURDAY. APRIL 19, 1902.  PROVINCIAL PROGRESSIVE PARTY  The  Convention  at  Kamloops a   Success���The Platform  Adopted by Labor���Chris.  Foley Elected  President���Other Business of Im-  "��� . portance   Transacted.  NO 4  At Kamloops, B. C, the rrovlnclal  X<abor convention^ was called to order  oit 10 a. m. on Monday, April 14th." Jas.  Winks, Nelson, .and T. H. Cross, Vancouver, were selected temporary; chalr-  jmon and secretary respectively.  CREDENTIAL' CfOMMITTEE  ���was appointed as follows: J. II. Wat-  eoa, W. Davison, John Graham, H.  Buckle, J. (McLaren, H. L.Fife and VV.  aawbs.  Convention adjourned until 1 p. m.  to permit of the credential: committee  ���preparing.their report. -  ' Convention reassembled at 1 p." m.  ���Report'. of credential committee read  as follows:  '   DELEGATES..'  Socialist League; No. 42���Win. Kbbs.  ' XUstrict'-Lodge,' No. C, Western Federation ol Miners���Chris. Foley.  Siocan Miners'  Union���H. L.  File.  ���Phoenix  Minors'   Union,    No.   S���AV.  Itogers.  .   Vancouver Trades and Labor Council���T. II.'Cross' and R.vMocpliprson.  Vancouver Labor Party���G.Biirtley.  Council ol Railroad Trainmen, Kvim-  Joops���A. McDonald and D. Stevens.  Kossland Trades and Labor Council,  . iNo. 0���3. McLaren.  "Western  Federation   ot /Miners   and  Independent -.Labor Parly,: Rossliind���  1", Bi-ownlee.  'Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen,  : jKamloops-r^W. Hume.  Y/mlr Miners' Union���A. Parr.'  Siocan Miners' Union, No.  62���J.  A.  ���Baker.  Urot/lierhood or Locomotive Engineers  ���Tlios.  Clouston, ' Vancouver.  Brotherhood of    Railway  Trainmen  Kamloops���C 3. Bourne.  .     Phoenix Trades.and Labor Council���  C'H. Towns."  Vancouver /Fishermen's   Union���Sydney Harris. > - -       '  Sandon .Miners' Union, No. S���XV. Da-  Tison.    , (  Kamloops Trades and  Labor Council���J. H. VatrJin and J. Bunbury.  ... Greenwood.Carpenters'    Union    and  : ifjreenvvood Socialist Club���C. W. Stack.  Siocan Miners'    Union���Jos.    Purvi-  ,-ance.     ��� ,- >  Nanaimo     Socialist     Party���E.      T.  JKJngsIey. ���  -Siocan ' Socialist- Party���J.   M.   McGregor.  Nelson Miners' Union, No.' 9ft���James  ���Wilks.and C.;AfdK'ay.  Kamloops Miners' Union���J. Graham.  Victoria Trades and Lalbor Council���  3. D. McNiven.  Vancouver Typographical Union���Tt.  1'odd..  (New     Westminster    -Typographical  Union���D.  Jsiinleson,  Kamloops.  Cigar  Makers'  Union,  Kamloops���F.  Casciniin.  New Denver Miners'7 Union���C.H.  Richardson.  Nanaimo Trades and Labor Council  ���IT.  Buckle.  Vancouver Boilermakers���J. H. Wat  ��>n.  International Association of Machin-  _ isla, -Revelstoke--Win.-Nelld.   Greenwood   .Miners'     Union���Georgo  JJougherty and M. Kane.  Nelson   Carpen ters' - Union���A. Locker.  "Uirdeati  Miners'   Union,  Ferguson-  JV. Gordon. c  Sandon  SociallKt    League���r\Vm.  McAdam.  Sandon Miners' Union���J. H. Thoinp-  ' noil, T. MuUoskc and A. McDonald.  Hrotlicrlioiid  of   I la 11 way  Truckmen,  Ashcroft���T.  Phillips.  Vancouver Socialist PaTty���R. Burns.  (Kamloops Fcderul Union���J. McGee.  Kamloops Single Tax���A. Thompson.  Nelson Cooks and Walters���H. A. 01.  Fortler. .,  '  Order . Railroad Telegraphers, Kamloops���Ed. Goulet.  On motion ieport accepted and dele-  sates seated.  Next order of business���  ELECTION OF PERMANENT OFFICERS  for 'the convention.  Delegates Kllby, Kane"'and'.O'Brien  were.; appointed scrutineers, and Delegate A.  McDonald doorkeeper.  Nominations for chairman: J. A.  Baker, Siocan:'J. Wllks, Nelson; Chris.  Foley,''Rossland.  Before balloting, was proceeded ' with  a motion was adopted to> adiait press  represontu tlves.  rUpon the ballot for president being  taken the. vote was declared to stand  as follows: J. A. Baker,. 32; J. Wllks,  10; Chi-ls. Foley, 9. J. A, Baker was  declared duly elected and toolc the  chair. ',  Before proceeding with the election  of a vice-president,', ii ".motion ".was carried; after a short debate that no candidate for permanent olllce" he eligible  unless he be a British subject land a  voter. s' .  Nomination for iv-lce-chalrman: Jas.  Wllks, .Robert 'Macpherson.'. Result cf i  ballot': Jas. Wllks,' SO; Robt. Macpher- |  son, 27. Jas. Wllks was declared elected, and upon motion of Mr. Macpherson and George Bartley the election  vvas declared unanimous.  Election of secretary, T. II. Cross, of  Vancouver, by acclamation.  -    COMMITTEES.  "On motion the following committees  were elected:  Orders of the Day���XV. MacAdams, A.  'Parr aiid Thos. Clouston.  Platform���Chris. Foley (chairman),  Robt. 'Macpherson, C. McKay, W. Davison, T. Broivnleo, J. iMcLaren, J. D.  McNiven.  ORDERS OF TliE DAY.  ."Report of committee.On orders ofthe  day presented; und, on inotion considered seratim. ' Report as adopted read:  1. Call meeting :.to order.  12. Roll call.  3. Presenting petitions.  4. Readlrig'and receiving petitions  75. Presenting reports by standing or  select committees. '  6. Motions and-resolutions, all motions and resolutions; to be submitted  In writing.  7. The committee on order of busi  ness recommends that the adoption of  a platform Is a matter if primary importance,' and that, therefore/ 7 under  the head >of motions and resolutions* it  take precedence over all other, business.  8. It also .'recommends that no delegate be permitted to leave the' hall during sessions except by permission of  the chairman.  9. The ''convention shall be called to  orders aL9-o'clock-a.-iii.-aiid-sltiuntiltlic  noon hour. At 1.30 p. in. and sit until  G o'clock p. m. Night sessions shall be  ���held when so ordered by this convention.   Signed,  WIM.  Me ADA MS,  '"     ALFRED PARR,  T. CLOUSTON, Committee.  ��� Adjourned till 9 a. in. Tuesday.  .'..,, TUESDAY'S PROCEEDINGS.  ;In> Raven's hall,  at 9 a.  ni.;' J. A,  Baleen called' the -meeting-    to    order.  After  the  roll of delegates 'had  been  committee had exercised extreme moderation In preparing It. He held that  this was the wisest course to pursue  He had found that In the cast, as well  as in many districts in tills province  tho Impression was abroad that the  whole trouble In the Interior had besn  brought about through labor orgiiuizit-  tIons. And this assertion had been  freely circulated by promoters of  mines who boodlcd and laid the loss of  Investors to labor troubles. It was  therefore about time a bridle was put  on them and remove the'wrong impression. It Mils were done a great deal  of good would he accomplished by the  party. He thought the alien labor  ���question was one of the most impor  tant questions to come before tlie jeon-  ventlon. '  Plank 1, "That the franchise bo ox-  tended to ���women,"-was then discussed.  Delegate .Beamish, of Rossland, made  an eloquent ;appeal for, unanimous support of thisf plank, and dared any delegate present to question the Intelligence of his another to cast a vo'.e.  If the government was turned over to  the Women to run. Ihey could not niaike  a worse botch.of it than the men had  done during the past ten years.   ;  Delegate iBuckton, Phoenix, bused his  support of this plunk upon the ground  tbat women were socially and Intellectually the canals of men. "If," he asked, "you compel -women to pay'ta.fes  and obey the laws, why should you!not  give tliem'the'privilege of| voting?]'  Delegate Coxliead, of: Nelson,: pointed  out that -women were largely the tfus  tees of men's properly, and1 if they  were intelligent enough to perform this  service, tliey were entitled to the'franchise.  Delegate Buhner, of Rossland;'opposed the granting of the fraiiilhlse to wo.  men on the ground of their Irresponsibility, and also because he objected to     As Anally adopted,  the plank  loading up a platform with lnipniclic-   "Government ownership of trans  able planks.  null revenue, nnd mako pulp manufacture a growing nnd permanent industry.  Delegate Burns (Vancouver) moved  to strike out all words after "revenue,  "It's all right for a board of tnide..to  use the sentence, but It was out of  place ln a plank, of a so-culled labor  platform." The amendment was lost  and the clause adopted us read.  'The application of a land tax that  will discourage large holdings and prevent monopoly,", was. next read, and  Delegate Thompson, Kamloops, moved  to amend as follows, by adding those  words: "That we gradually abolish all  taxes upon labor, or the products of labor, fixing tlieni upon land values."  After some discussion it,was decided  to defer consideration.of this plank un  til the,, completed plank had baen  presented to the, committee.  "Government ownership of the meani  of transportation and other public utilities" was under discussion when the  convention adjourned to dinner.  Delegate Buckle, of'Nanaimo, moved  Its adoption.  : Delegate Rogers, of ^Phoenix, moved  to amend by Inserting these words af  ter "transportation:" "And communication; also government operation of  coal mines, coke ovens, smelters and  refineries."  Delegate: Kane, of Kaslo, moved to  amend by substituting the:word ".public'.' for the word ."government.  A warm discussion' ensued,' covering  every phrase of this Important subject.  Among those participating were Delegates Burns, Vancouver; Bunbury.  Kaniloops;iMcKay,; Nelson;, Watso'i,  Vancouver; Beamish, Rossland; CVIc-  Gregor, Siocan; MacAdams,! Sandon;  Brownlee, Rossland; Kingsley, Nanui- Royal commission  mo; Vautln,: .Kamloops; wild Buckton, acts  Phoenix  CURTIS WITHDRAWS.  The Xevvs-Advcrtls-er In Its editorial  columns on Sunday lust thus speaks of  thi1 alleged invcsilaalioii into tho,Iniquitous Canadian Northern deal of the  Dunsmulr government'  "Whatever may bethe finding of the  commission,  it.Is impossible    to deny  that Mr. Curtis has rendered substantial service to the rpublic interests by  the action he has taken, and It is also  equally certain that, under great difficulties and under conditions  Imposed,  as we think, most, unfairly, upon him  by the, ninnner in which he has been  compelled  to conduct the inquiry,  he  has elicited facts  from: unwilling and  interested  witnesses,  like the  premier  and  other  ministers,   that have  shed  a flood Of light on one of the most as-  toundlngiand disreputable episodes In  the political history 'of British Columbia.''''Moreover,-he, lias secured material on-which,'In .the. public, interest, the  foundation can be laid for a searching  investigation Into the manner in which  the right of the province to draw large  revenues from the millions of acres included In'the 'land grant to the Esquimau' & Nanalmo ' Railway    has  been  completely Ignored by past' provincial  administrations." i  tant position: than  that of accredited  agent of the government.   The ministers  were  In  his . hands. He-    could1  make any bargain he: pleased, and he  exercised  his  power  to  the :full.,   Of  course that question was ruled out.   Ie  It not plain on Its face that It Is lrrele'  v-ant and impertinent"  ds It any wonder  Mr.   Curtis  decided .to   withdraw  from the case In which lie vvas not only'  being hampered from the beginning by'  every device the presiding ollicer could  think of, but has also been treatedVwltN  discourtesy,    if  not    something ' even  more unbecoming such a court.''Never-i '  tlieless doings haive- been- revealed' that  will result In an even more .untimely;  end for the sovernmnt than;was ei*  pected."    /  TIIE CIVIC SOLOJVS.  Curtis Withdrawal.  Dealing with 'Mr. Curtis' withdrawal  At the last municipal  election nt Rossland the bettor, class of  women joined with' the lower class of  women to defeat the labor candidate.  Delegate Larking, of Nclbon. supported the plank on the ground of justice.  Delegate Burns believed woiiu-r  would be a reactionary force in politics  solong as they: were excluded from political rights. To give them tlie franchise was simply an act of absolute  Justice.  Delegates Purvlance (Siocan) and  Ebbs (Nelson) also favored the pluii'.i  on the same grounds  reads,  asportation  and  means of communication."  The following plank read, "to protect  us  from Asiatics already In the pro  ���vlnce, the government to Insert a|ernment took the  clause, in all, private acts to the effect  tliat, the.aot should be null and void If  the company falls to enter Into aa  agreement with-the governuieut as to  conditions of construction and operation, and that the House pass a resolution instructing the government to  prohibit the employment of Asiatics on  all 'franchises gran ted'-'by. the provincial  house."   This vvas adopted.  The next plank'' compelling the scaling of logs by government scalers was  from:,tlie .Royal  commission,   the'Victoria .Times v administers 'iyoiy scorching  roast to, Commissioner: Walkcm.    The-  follovvihg-'is 'the article In full:      7-  ��� "Events have' proved "that the government :w'as  wise in its'choice of a  to:';'sIt.;upqn:7its  All '.who,'have, attended the sittings'"of 7 the diigust  body' know; that  M-r.j Justice, Walkem's .strpng'.'arro has  alvyays; been ready to shield the,"goy-  er'nme'nt;-owhenever   the. .evidence hp-  poareiV to be "getting dangerously close  to any point of Importance..';.,The gov-  !��� u n necessary precau  Delegate Klngsley, of Nanalmo, con-1also'passed with little discussion  sidered the plank Irrelevant, and wanted discussion confined to questions directly affecting labor und wages.   The  class struggle was the real issue.   -  Delegate McGregor, of Siocan,' favored granting the franchise to women,  holding thut even If;at llrst tliey voted  The plank next following was that  "all transportation companies- be compelled to give free transportation to  members of the legislature and supreme: and county, court judges."  'Delegate 'Rogers (Phoenix) moved  that all  words    after    "assembly"   be  proper   understanding  "of   political I:  sues. ,.  Delegate Foley made a forcible and  humorous appeal for an -unanimous, endorsement of this plank.  Delegaes,' Wilks, Gordon, nnd Macpherson also spoke.  , Upon * the questloln , being put the  ipliiirk was: adopted by a large majority.  CIVIC WELCOME.  At this juncture'Mayor Gordon and  Aldermen ; Brown, GUI    and    Stevens  were'Introduced and accorded seals on  the platform.  . ���_  "TBelng���Introduced   by   the  chairman,  against  wage  earners'  Interests  they I struck out.  would soon become educated -up to a|    Delegate Buhner (Rossland); thought  thnt these officials were well paid and  had a right to pay their own^faTcs.  Delegate Watson (Vancouver) was  of the opinion that.lf all legislators and  Judges could claim free transportation  theywould not be under any,obligation  to the different companies.  .Delegate 'Burns (Vancouver) thought  that the matter vvas so trivial,and entirely foreign to our interests that il  Should be passed over.  Delegate Ebbs (Nelson) thought  those pslng passes were under obligation.  On going to a vote,  the amendment  vvas_lost," and~~the-original motion enr-  ried.  The  preamble of  Whitewater   .Miner*'    Unlon-J,     H.   called   n.  m��n���,.   u   ...       '  , ^ ��� I cn"ca  a  motion  limiting speakers  to  ��� '10 niinutcs  was passed.    It  was also  Kaslo ''Miners' Union���G.. T." Kane.   ;  Urotlierhood, of Rallvvniy   Trackmen',  aJevclstokc���T-. I Gillespie.  SUverlon 'Miners' Union���J.,, Tyrco.  atoaaaiind ,'Mlnera'. Union���IL. Bulnifi  nnd F. E. Woodside.  Phoenix Miners' Union���T. Buckton.  Itossland    Carpenters'      Union ��� T.  Jteamlsh. ' f'  Ferguson Socialist I'ai ty���Alex. Cummin's.    *     '   "- --' " ���       ' -     -'  Sailr Mincis'iUnlon���A. MoDougal.  JiVfrnle Miners' Unl6n-^C. M. O'Brien.  Nelson -Trades and Labor Assembly  a���B. Kirby. ( ���    -    -  i Jffelson Labor Party���Jas. Jones.  decided to tli row the doors of the con-  veiilloiriinU'open to the public.  The plutform comiiilttcc, tlirougli  Chalrmiin|: Chris.: Foley,; presented a  ���preliminary and partial' report,' asking  !':ir. further time' to complete their la-  ,'ors. .  ' Upon motion lt wus decided to take  up tihe,discussion of the rough draft of  the platform, allowing the ..committee  further.time to prepare the same  : Upon motion it was decided'to defer  consideration; of: the name of.- the"; party  until the platform had been definitely  decided, upon.  Delegate ^pley said that tbe platform  Mayor Gordon extended'a cordlul wel  come to the delegates to the city on  behalf of the citizens of iKiimloops, and  expressed the hope that the labors of  the convention would be fruitful of  much good to those directly concerned  and to the province at large.  Aldermen  Brown,  Stevens and    Gill  also briefly addressed the assembly.  DISCUSSION RESUMED  on the platform.  "Absolute resiirvatlon of the sale or  lease of a certain    portion    of   each  known coal urea, so tlmt slate owned  mines, If necesHiiry, may lie easily possible hereafter made to conlniii a pro  vision enabling the government to fix  the price of conl loaded on enrs or vessels for shipment.to B. C. coiisumeis."  . Delegate ������ Burns   (Vancouver)  moved  that this be refened iback to the committee.    "This  Is a mixed plniik."  he  said. _ "It seems; to be on attempt of  tho committee to straddle the fence on  the question.'!. This motion was lost  and the plank adopted.  '! The next clause taken up was:   "Conservation ^of our iforest   a-iches    Pulp  lknd leases to contain a provision for  reforesting, so' as to produce a peren-  tho  platform  was  then taken up on the.motion of Delegate MacAdiiins (Sandon), seconded ..by  G. Kane, -OKuslo).   This   read.   '! That  this party lay ll down as a llrst principle: that It will nominate,' endorse, or  support  only such  men  as  ivlll  place  their reslgiiatlon, undated, In the hands  of the convention, which'nominates or  endorses   tliem;   that   this  resignation  be sivorn to, nnd that it may be handed  Into  llie haiidH  of  the' llcuteuiint-  govei-nor-ln-couni'll.    whenever a.majority of the convention shall consliler  such uctlon iidvlsablc." _  Delegate iKvuiinlsli said that this wiu>  one of the most essential planks in-tht  platform. It was as near the impei-  atlve mandate ns you oould.get. There  .vv-ns never a plutform gotten up yet bj  a. labor party-that a ipolltlclan would  not endorse. It reminded him of a con  ductor telling a man who was riding  outside on the platform of a car, that  that platform was not to ride on. it  was one "to get in on." (Laughter.)  If the candidate at.election > time got  elected on a platform vvith,this clause  tlon of providing counsel to look aftor  Its cake.   It might 'have saved the taxpayers of the province thai altogether  uiinecassai-w expense.    In -spite' of all  tills the public also know that Mr..Curtis has demonstrated to the fullest extent that he was warranted in publicly  malking the icharges he did and In calling for an'iiivestlgation.   The culminating point In the history of this, extraordinary investigation,  it  vvas generally-   surmised,   would    haive:  been  ���reached   to-day   vvith    the    reading  or  ���telegrams;which  were alleged  by  the  ministers  to have no  bearing on Uhe  case, being private pplitical coniiiiii'.ii-  catlo'ns.   They are so private that the,v  are  charged  to" the  public    accounts.  They are all in    cypher, 'and    it was  ruled   by7the  .commissioner   thnt   file  Interpretation put  upon  them  by. the  government must be accepted.   There  must even be no crossrcxamliiatlon of  witnesses, which might reveal the code  under which the government transacs  this private business at the public expense.,: Has the, testimony, of: the members'of'"the. government during the investigation been:suohjas to Induce the  belief that.their interpretation of messages upon which their life as an ud-,  ministration may depend should be accepted-in perfectly goodl. faith  by. the  prosecution'.'   We think not.   We think  it will be conceded by all fitlr-minded  men   that   at   least  cross-exiiniiiiailon  should   be allovved   in^ordeiv^to^.v:'>rJf>'_  the correctness of the translation.   Itut  It was'-ruled'to the contrary,' becnuue  such   an   Inquisition might   rovcul   the  governnient's code.    As  If  there   we.  any secret about  that.    The plea .vva  When Mayor Neelands called1 the city "  fathers to order on Monday night the  "standing room only" sign was out in"'  the -auditorium. The crowd had gathered, no doubt, in anticipation of hearing a debate on Aid. McQueen's byJlavv  making it unlawful for hotel or sidoon  men to sell "hootch" after 11 o'clock.  After the minutes were read and approved .permission was granted to Law-   ,  yer Taylor to address the "fathers" on  behalf of  the Licensed   Victuallers  of  the city. .       -    /  In the ibesliiniiig he presented a petition from 40 license holders piotes>ting  against the enactment of the proposed'  law.    These men were large contributors to the revenues of the city, therefore   their   request   should   meet   with  full consideration. They were law abiding citizens and as a class would com-'i  pare  favorably  with   any  in   the  Dominion.    First of all chose urging Mils  law should show there was 'a necesslty  for It.   It had been urged that n large  petition 'had been presented  in its favor.   Well, petitions were easily gotten,  up and he had found In going over it   ���   ''  that it was signed very largely by;wo-  inen and'children.   It has been asserted  that all night drinking was the cause   .  of vice.    Would It Improve matters to  I close,up licensed places that were under the eye of the authorities and drive  men into unlicensed places, soine not'of  very high repute.   The petition referred' to vvas not represntative and  the  licensed victuallers challenged a plebiscite on   the    question.    Mr. ' Taylor  quoted  prominent  clergymen  to  show-  that  early,    closing  did  not    prevent  orinie,v but rather increased it. .  Concluding, Jie asked the council "lu  in the interests of the people of Vancouver and in the Interests or.-teinper-  unce. to leave; the law, ns It is and  strengthen the hands of the licence,  holders, and do not drh-e traffic;into "'  the hands of those conducting, places  of more questionable repute."  Aid. Foreman repdrted that it would  be necessary to lacquire a. small piece  of land near the park en trance or move  the water pipe. The matter was left  In the .-hands-of the chairman and the  eiurlneer.  .-���On..the.-report of the police committee  Aid. Foreman and McGuigan moved to  amend the report, giving two of the  police oillcers 1-1 days' liolidays Instead  of 10.  Aid. Brown���"I think this Is a very  liberal allowance. If tliey were going  to visit their .parents or were sick, then  I iio not object. Hut if it was just to  go round niul have fun, then I am op-  [Contiuued on Page Three)  merely llie usual subterfuge to save  the"government. An examination, -if  oiie'-of the messages shows that the  code telegram contains two more words  than the translation. Is Unit a usual  circumstance In connection with.such  messages? Code words .sometimes contain whole sentences, in one message  the word "convinced" occurred. Mr.  Curtis asked '.Mr. McN'elll, the secretnry of the chief commissioner, If the  word should not be "contract." Th3  witness refused to answer, and the  commissioner.- upheld hlni. That appeared to be a very relevant question,  biit'the only possible., answer'.. might  have created an awkward situation fo.  the government, and so It was conveniently thrown out. Mr.iMcNeUlwas  also asked If the first port of the name  telegram to Mr. GreensWelds did not  read 'IT'S UP TO YOU TO HAVE  THAT CONTRACT SIGNED SATURDAY AND SAVE SITUATION! GOVERNMENT PRACTICALLY IN YOUR  HANDS.' This shows'that Mr. Green-  shields occupied an even more impoi-  posed   to  it."  'tlhe amendment was defeated .'find tho  original'report adopted.  Tin1 Finance mid .Hoard ol" Works reports were adopted.  Aid. I'\irenian inovtHl; io amend by-  lnw Siiil, relating to water rnte. It was  given three readings.  Two by-lii \vs���one to prohibit the use  of certain buildings for laundry purposes, nnd the otlier In compel property owners to remove .'stumps and  brush from ..'vacant' lots���were put  through nil stages.  Aid. .McQueen's motion re closing  liiir-rouins, etc., vvas rend a first time.  "The Kamloops Convention" will be  the subject for discussion nt a meeting of the Socialist party,:on Sunday  evening. The place Is, at lii'i Powell  street, and the speirker will be Ernest  Burns, who was a delegate to that  body.   All welcome.  "Why I !Am a Single Taxer" will bethe subject for discussion at the-Central Congiegatlonal Church, Homer  street (Dconomlc ^ club), on Monday  evening. Mr. F. 'Williams will give the'  addiess Open discussion. Come and  bring your friends.' Commence at" 8'^  o'clock. ' '        - ..-  mm THE INDEPENDENT.  EATURDAT...  , ��JAPRUj 19, 1933  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHBD    WEEKLY  IN THE IN-  THRBSTB OF THE MASSES  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COM  PANY.  BASEMENT     OF     FIjACK     'HLOCK,  HASTINGS STIUWr, VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN  ADVANCE.  A week. 3 cents; month, If, dents; three  months, Ufi cenis; six months, t>5 cents;  ono year, $1,115,  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL, THE YANCOU-  Vl-'.K LABOR PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  <UIMION^  SATUIIDAV.  .APRIL W. MO  TH E NEW PARTY.  The Provinacial Progressive Party  Is now-"a reality. 'Ihe Kamloops convention was the most reprcvnitalivc  ever held in the province, und Its deliberations -"were'inarked ns being in  earnest. The- socialist and mules'  union elements agreed to disagree like  .Inmost men, 'and utmost harmony pi'c-  "vniled,  vvhieli -speaks ..volumes  for  Iho  now    progressive    movement.    Taking  'everything Into consideration, the piriform is a good one. It is true that it  us not one. of socalalisin. hut rntlier oirj  'in Iteeping wilh the present.'conditions  which will go a long way.-toward the"  amelioration of the worker. . Socialism  is a growth .and .can only lie brought  about through'evolution, and'when this  point is considered .well Ihu' -platform  will 'hnvo the hearty endorsiitinri of  every thinking''socialist ���:is well as  every.true trades unionist, nnd in fact  by .''everyone who must  livelihood. Oiic tiling  the convention was tli.  togonlsm lo anything l  fusion .with either of  in this country should become voters  lhat b.v- debarring themselves of this  privilege it showed that they were not  interested In matters pertaining to  legislation. In the mining centres of  the interior many workliigmen belonged to unions and contributed to the  ruiids, pnld ihe poll tax, and were at  all llinex willing lo tight for theli  I'lglils, but were not willing to take  up llie eudgels and 'assist their fellows  ai llu; ballot box. Tlie cause has suffered very materially In this'regard in  the iuisi. .Mr. Foley said that he had  waited on the Ottawa government last  summer to nsk for Hie enforcement of  tlio alien law. The quest Ion he met  with wns Hint lhero was oillcers and  im-inliers of unions who were aliens. It  is, therefore, unite essential that every  wage-earner' have his name placed' on  the voters'  list   Immediately.  work    for  a  noticeable    at  _.,,spirit  of ������ initial, savored  of  ���tho0 old  parties.-  One delegate said iri ..cases Where the  Progressives were not strong that he  thought that to fuse would1 be if good  plan. : AVe take 'exception  to 'tills Idea,  ..and hold with the groat majority of tho  convention that now that, the party is  united,it is somewhat different lo when  ; it was divided into', several local labor  'parties.' ;.In 'localities',��� where the :ne\v  party cannot run .'.candidates the, proper  course to pursue will" Hie. not to fuse,  but let the 'members, of the 'Progressive  party chose" personally between the  ���-indidates of the old, parties.-.It Is.cx-  .->;cted that ten or, twelve straight Pro-  ".v'ressive candldales'ivvlll-be elected next.  . 'lection, The -formation-, of the parly  nianksn. new; epoch  In  Uie polities of  , this .province. 0.7-.  ...Smith  Cui-tis 'should'.'call]' the 'r.tten-  tipn of tho minister'of -justice,to the ac-  .. tion: of Commissioner'  AValkem  anent  : .the recent inquiry.   The'matter' should  not he.let drop, y     '���}.'���':"'  In Brussels, the .working people pre  making it hot for the' powers that be.  There . revolutions must prevail before  ihey can accomplish anything. In thla.  country we. have a free" ballot, yet vve  haven't learned to use It.  ���It's a jlty the new chief justice was  not appointed on the commission to investigate j'Sml'th ,Curtis' charges. The'  probability is he would have made such  ,a searching-inquiry -as,.would (have  ���made the people of this province, sit.up  and look round.  Smith Curtis, M. L. A., has withdrawn .'from tin- Royal Comniission recently appointed to investigate the  charges he had preferred In the legislature against the Dunsmulr. government, lie did so because of Uie action  of the'commissioner in refusing to permit him to cross-examine Mr. Wells'  private secretary anent..-. the - alleged  translation of a cypher telegram. That  Mr. Curtis did right no fair minded  niiin will doubt.. Had he done so many  days age he would have been justified.  But the people should be'Uiankful that  lie remained to bring to light evidence  that leases a (black spot on llie political history of .British Columbia. What  will bu the decision of tho commission  Is a' matter ��tf' indifference. ; The/evidence ihas been brought out and each  can judge for himself. Mr. Curtis deserves especial credit for the action  he has taken in vi-Jiv of the fact tli.it  he mnde the light single handed, when  many /other .members were saying or  Insinuating In .private what he dared  to .'put his name to. <M.r. Curtis has  been enlled a. liar., a --'crazy loon," and  told that 5ie Is-insane. ...He is none uf  these. Neither Is, he-ii-whiskey soak,  a. liar or a thief.;  ANOTHER DEAL.  ;'Kamloops Is certainly a hospitable  i place. The many kindnesses !6f the people there extended to the delegates to  the convention were without number.  The C. P. R. officials and employees, In  _ajg_reat_manyjJnst,,incos, went considerably out of their way to oblige tlie  guests of the inland capital, which fast  was much appreciated. Also the mayor and council gave them the freedom  Of the city. The ICainlaops convention  and the many Utile Incidents connect-  0(1 therewith will long be remembered  by those who -shared therein.  "We Ciinndlans boast of our Judiciary  and generally speaking and compared  With other countries it certainly doss  stand high, llu I there is one mistake.  ,wc think, that is innde In permitting  men to remain on.the liench after advancing years 'have untltted tlieni to  ; "-.form the very delicate work of nd-  .J,.d lea ting all the many crimes and  onlrnversles of life. Then, too, old  r-je sliovva the effects of any vvcak-  '-���isii'es of mind or body, and the wvu-k  <���!' a judge is too Important to allow it  to be so affected. The Dominion government- should therefore put thein on  the retired list.  iDurlng a brief debate on the quaHfl-  catlon of an officer at the 'Kamloops  Convention on Monday the. subject of  citizenship came up on a question : of  IDelegate Brownlee, of Rossland. It  [was held tb<at men earning a livelihood  . A WORKING-MAIN'S CLUB.  ' "You cannot destroy the - working-  man's "club room," says the defender of  the social feature of the saloon. 'The  phrase wiis ��� perhaps first used in'-'corri-  pai-Ing tiie rich '"mail's, club,'.'where lie  can be supplied with the choicest of  wines nnd liquors, arid where lie can  amuse himself ln -���anything from. crib-  bage'lo poker, vvitlr that of the saloon.  where Uie">poor inan can afford to enjoy himself, like his more , fortunate  worm in Uie elaborate-club-room. ..Says  the Dtiluth World; i '  "Laws- limy be enacted to ���destroy the  social..feature, of the saloon, whicli may  serve n purpose in the interest of morality and decency, but What shall be  provided as a club-room���if you please  ���for the workingman ivho has no  home and.whose abode is a cheerless  room in a lonely, comfortless lodging  'house on. the Bowery? , Go to the  Bother' : Why, it is as dismal and  as mercenary as aiiy other business institution, iii that locality, lis best feature is its reading robin, which is the  smallest pant of lh-.' building, unless It  be  the bedrooms,  7x14  feet,  in which  o'- ��� , ������ .'..-,..-  are eight, bunks. No smoking Is permitted in the reading room. Now who  wouldsay that any vvork'ingmen's institution is complete without a smoking room?" '���'���'.���.'���.    '-���;'-' ������'���'-���  7 Delegate Watson struck the right  chord at a recent .-meeting of the  Trades and Labor Council, when ho  suggested a club flir workingmen. Give  tliem large, healthy and commodious  quarters, a smoking room, a reading  room supplied with periodicals, -'magazines, good books and newspapers; also  let It contain tables for amusing' and  harmless games. Start something like  this and we will go as far as the most  enthusiastic temperance advocate in  the destruction of the social features  of the saloon.  LAHO'll PRESS INFLUENCE.  The gregarious Instinct that Impels  our kind lo herd for self-preservation,  naturally develops methods of defence  and attack. Hence the birth of the labor 'press. It is generally conceded that  the lnbor press hn.s cut no siibordlnn'.e  figure in the great light for liberty and  justice In this tramltlon.il epoch of  ours. It lias pierced the bubbles of  exaggerated artifice, and educated the  working people, not In a pedantic way.  hut b.v Intelligent discussion of the  various problems that arise from time  to time.���Labor Clarion.  HUB KICKER.  He  attends a meeting about once a  year,  And acts just like a fool;  On  overy question  he'll raise an objection,  And kick just like a mule.  He .would never accept an. office,  Or assist, in committee work;  But he'll growl and complain, and his  rights, he will claim,  And every duty fce'll shirk.���Ex.  Advertise to The Independent  The following questions and answers  were recently presented to the legislative assembly:  1. Amount of royalties collected oa  timber cut within the Esquimau &. Nanalmo railway bell In ihe years imhi  l'JOO and 1'JiU.  '2. From whom .such royalties were  collected. ���  3. Aniount of timber cut within said  limits In the years IS9��, 11)00 and 1901.  ���1. How much of same hns been exported not  manufactured. f  fi. How much timber cut within said  limits In each of said years paid  no  royalty  whatever,  fi. By whom It was cut.  XV. C. WELLS,  Chief    Commissioner of    Lands    .ind  AVorks.  1 and 2. Timber cut within  the Esquimau & Nanaimo railway belt is not  subject to the payment of royalty and  none-has-been collected.  2. Unknown.  ���1. Unknown.  '--. 'All.  C.,T(ic Victoria, Lumber'and Manufacturing Company; the Esquimau &  Nniialnio Railway company; the co.il  companies; sundry mining ciiiiipanie.i;  contractors,  and  many others.  Captain Tatlow is to be commended  for asking for the above return, for  vve have now another light thrown upon the action of the govern ment in  whicli the president of the E. & N.  Railway is premier. To make plain to  our readers what bus taken place during the; past years, and also to show  that .-the government has fulled Jn its  duty to'the iflnances of the province  we must quote from the judgment of  the Full Court, in which the question  of the- E. & N. company's liability to  pay the royalties is dealt with.  ; Judgment of Full Court, 1st February, 1��I7: 'The li. & S. Railway company' acquired tlio lands fr.oni the Dominion government for the construction of the. rallwuy, as part of ilieii  land grant-under Stat. II. C. 17 A'ie.,  chnp. 1-1, see.',22, which provided; 'The  lands'..Lo he acquired by the company,  from Uie Dominion governuieut, for the  construction'of..the railway, shall not  be subject to taxation unless and until the same arc used by the company  for other than iruilvriiy purposes, or  leased, decupled, sold or alienated.'"  The E. & N. Railway .company "did  give-to H. the right to enter and select  r.0,000 acres of- their '-.' railway laud".  Later on II. assigned all his Interest  under the agreement lo the lumber  coiiipany known as the Victoria Lumber company.  The question.-brought before the then  government'..uml by the government  before the Full Court was: -''Whether  under the true construction of the Island Railway act the lands in question  are exempt from taxation."  The li. &.N. Hallway company's plea  was that the lands hud not yet. been  paid for, consequently no taxation  could be levied, or In other words so  long as any balance was due by the  Victoria Lumber company no 'tax could  be paid, biit the lumber could and  would be cut aiid.sokVto the injury and  loss of every other company endeavoring to compete wilh the Victoria Lumber company.  -The learned judge sums; up in these  words: "Sec. 22 is then to be construed  by Uie ordinary rules governing the  construction of acts "of parliament, nnl  I think, leaves the lumber company  LLUILB TO. HAVE THEIR LANDS  ASSESSED." The other two Judg?s  agreed.    Appeal allowed.  The Victoria Lumber company Is not  however, to be dominated over by any  judgment, even of the Full Court, for  vve iflnd'ln the Umber, inspector's ieport, 31st Dec, 1301, that during the  ycar"li)Ul~"Thcre-lias-been cut-on-10. &  N'. Railway lands (so far ��s reported)  2S,-I76,i��29," upon which no royalty has  been naid.  The lands department in the. above  return, dated April, 1902, states Unit  "No royalty has been collected." That  the amount of timber cut within the  limits of Uie B. & N..'Railway Is "un-  'known" to the department. The  amount exported is "unknown" to the  department. The timber cut In the  three years. ISaa. 1300. 1901,, I, e��� since  the judgment'of llie Full Court, lint  paid "no royalty whatever," and yet  It has not been cut for "railway purposes," but by "the A'lctorla Lumber  company, E. & N. Railway coiiipany,  coal companies, mining .companies, contractors and. many others."  Why should the premier-president be  allowed to evade an order of the court,  when the hand logger, the mills, the  shingle mills and the poor man is compelled by the self same government to  pay all royalties or.go.to jail?  Why Is It that Mr>. Joseph Martin  and his followers will help to defraud  the decreasing revenue of the province  by a continued support to a government which acts in the illegal and nr-|  ? Fashionable   l  Dress Goods 1  Tlie -(vies in   costumes   this Y  season nie exceedingly charming;   |  ami tin; materials were never so   "  lieaiitiftil���clinpy luliiics are pre-  dominant���and nowhere in 11. (j.  can lie seen n more varied   ami  extensile   assortment    of   these  beautiful fabrics.  For those wlio wish the honv-  4} ior stuff for 'Tailor Cost tunes vve  i show ,i complete stuck of this  |   class-  of  woollen  goods���iiicltul-  ��� ine; tlie handsome anil ever pu-  9 pillar Tweed", (ielieline Cloths.  J Venetians, Hioailclotlis, l'".tc, in  A,  llie  newest   similes.  ��� Our display'of all wool anil  | -silk (lieiiiiilines is nnotliei' tx-  1 I'elli.'ii! fentiuc. Via oITit you u  X splemliil selei'lion of these rich  T summer fabrics . in "iill sorts   of  ��� ilesiuns���stripes,       checlis     ami  ��� plnids.   riiiniinc;   in   price   from   i  9 81.00 lo 81.30 yd. 1  t i  l      COKKKCT  DUESS FOR J  4 WOMEN. J  ��� ���  j' 170    Cordova     St.,    Vancouver,   j  ��� ���'.- t  ^��j}.��"��.����.#..f.^��^.��-o.4^.a..��.��j}^.*..��.4}^  Fishing Tackle!  Rods in Grcenlieart, Steel, Split Cane,  Jjinccvvooil, Steel Centre.  .Waterproof Oiled Silk, Braided Cotton and  Linen, and Composition Lines.  Single Action nnd Multiplying Reels.  Single, Double nnd Troble Twisted Casts  and Traces.  Wading Trousers, Drogues nnd Stockings-.  (int Hooks, Flies, Fry Hooks and every  accessory to lly Hailing.  9  527 Hastings St.  OH I  :i>  i,  !'���  Wanted.  WANTED ��� AGENTS ��� Don't forgit.  ("The early bird catches tho first  worm") we give you advance Informa-  'tion about the bost to appear, PIU0K.  Send:your address" Immediately. J. M.  MncOregoi- Pulblishlng Co., Box 417,  Vancouver.  Meeting.  FY O.  E.���VANCOUVER. AI3TU33, No.  0.  meets ��� Wcilnosilay ���  evenings; 'visiting  lirelhren welcome.   Rort Robinson, W. P.;  Grey Uro, XV. S., Arcade.  bltrnry manner made public by the return'referred'to?. ��� -o ;  Yet the self same .government increased the poll .lax from.,S3 to ?ii to  help,'t'lie'iii provide sufficient revenue to  carry.'.on their extravagant: expenditures, calling'''-upon'-., the underpaid  masses -lo contribute from their hard  earned wages an ainiiiint. that cannot  be easily spared.  :- Who are tlie shareholders of the-Vic-,  tut-in; IJiimber company? ,i   -:  ���iyy'i.-   ii   SOUTHERN CROSS.'.���'  TE1.UPIIONKS.  The 'Spokane Journal Is opposing the  application .-for ivinevv -telephone trail  chlse In that city. Thai paper li'is al-  vvays advocated public ownership "In  matters of this .'kind, and The: Independent approves Its course In this regard. It says that .while Itwould be  glad to see the expenditure of money In  the city, it -questions the ailvisability  of giving franchises for nothing.; It  questions the advisability 'of giving  them away cveii for a consideration  The"telephones, street railways and  other public conveniences occupy the  same' relation to the, public that the  elevator does to the tenants of a Riverside block, and would be no more illogical, It says, for the owner of a block to  lot the privilege of the elevator to private parties than It is for the city to  endow corporations with valuable  franchises, which enable them to levy  tribute on  the citizens.  Tliu people of A'ancoinv'er will understand and appreciate -what ls meant  by this. 'Municipal ownership is- the  only proper solution to the question.  It Is no answer to say It is impi-actic-  ivble. It Is being tried elsewhere. Its  success is beyond almost-the'most san  gulne expectations. It is in the air.  It i.s the very spirit of the age. Great  as have been the strides In this dire;  tlonrtliey~are-as-iiuthlng-eoinpared-to  what will be done In the near future,  and the Journal says that It gives it  as its candid opinion that Spokane "will  have enough watered stock to negotiate when it undertakes'to'administer  the several public, utilities mentioned  without giving awny any more franchises." , Valuable franchises have one  peculiarity���the more vnlunble they are  the more water they, will hold. XVe  would.suggest- that Mie Vancouver city  council tnke-up thl-i matter and see if  a plan could not lie arranged whereby It could control the telephone service.  a day���a month. Is the common excuse. It 'was what the captain  of a vessel said���on; returning from the voyage lie would insure.''.';But  he never came back. The vcsseKwas ���vvreoWed; Jie was lost; his family  was stranded, too, financially, toy his procrastination. .  No other time ls eojual to tlio present moment tor Lite .Insurance in  cost amd opportunity, a'nd no policies surpass those of tlhe Union  Mutual in privileges and values.  iDetatls sent free.  <l  it  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incoiu-ouated 1848.   < ���  Call or write for particulars a,nd plans < i  i I  I-Iisad Office : 419 Hastings St. W.; Vancouver, B.C.  <:  ������<>  T. E. EVANS, Provincial Mandger. < ���  ��� ����������������� �����<������-��-��-����������'�����������������'���������������-�����<��������� ����������������>��  il  i<  Parties going north or into the woods for logging purposes, If they  consult tilth- own comfort or consider the o.ucstlon of economy, will call  nnd inspect our slock of supplies, whicli Is the largest and most econ-  oinienly priced quality considered) In the city.  Wc enumerate a few ofthe ai Holes, suth as Grey anil Scarlet  I.llaiiket.s, in medium and heavy weight; Robes, medium and heavy  weight;'.Underwear and Shirts, union label Overalls and Jumpers,  Leather Suspenders and Working Gloves, from 25c per pair Upward, Jn  fact, everything necessary, for the comfort of prospector, miner or  working man can bo found In   our'largo store.  'rcr-iKriioNK  CLUBB   &   STEWA&T,  702. 160 Coiidova Street.  Notice is hereby given to  contractors and others tliat  the building trades of Vancouver have adopted the  card system among its members, to take effect on May  1st next.  A. J. MOHTIMORE,  Secretary   .Building  Trades  Council.  Vancouver, April 4, 1902.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the '  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Ityo. Only, 80c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  If you want a really good ryo whisky  at a low price, our 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 74(1 Fender street.  PUBLISHERS'  NOTICE.  Owing to our supply of paper running short accounts for the four pages  being published this week Instead nf  eight.  Canary show in the land of "Unco'  Guid":  First p^-ize, a bottle of whiskey.  Second prize, box of Jiavanas,,  Third prize, a' Holy Bible.  Por stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's 'Dyspepsia Tablets.' They cure  or you get your money book. OOc bor.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.'        ,.  Drink Ked Cross Beer, the beer tliat'B  pure, 75i: pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. .1. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  elablcH. .  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder .up ot tho weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 748 Pender Btreet.  PARIS GREEN. HELLEBORE  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT WORM and  other Insects���for sale iby the McDowell, Atkins, Watnon Company, The  Druggists, Vancourer.  Subscribe  for the.  INDEPENDENT  $8.23 |jcr Year  Box 644*  The price, is, now  such that, almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  . ,     LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  Pacific Bottling  Works  8m|>orfers and Botttera  GORE AVE.   'PHONE-783".     .  SOLE AGENTS.   l ;6ATURDAY..'. APRIL 19, 1902  THE INDEPENDENT.  9  Hardware,  Stoves,   Ranges,   Etc.  35  Blastings Street East.  PATRONIZE HOME  INDUSTRY |  liy Smoking J?  "Kurtz's1 Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," "Spanish Blossom" I  They aru the best in the land and made liy ��  Union Labor in ~  KURTZ & CO.'S PIONEER CIGAR FACTORY  . X VANCOUVER, li. C. *  5 ��j*0~Call for them and seo that you get them. ��  PROVINCIAL PROGRESSIVE  [ContlnusJ from 1'iigo Ono.]  ' iin It, he could notivery well be bandied  by the lobbyists. Because he then  ���would be In a position like a. worklng-  .tmaii working for a corporation. This  .wns not a radical proposition, for there  arc men already In tho legislature who  would be"willing to si&n It.  Delegate Laokie (Nelson) approved of  the proposed  preamble,    lie *ald the  proposition vvas the only safeguaul the  party had.  The preamble vvas then carried.'  The next plank considered vvas .the  ��� "gradual   abolition   of  all   taxes  upon  the producer and  the products of t'he  producer,  and  that    these    taxes  be  shifted upon the land values."  Delegate Buckton (Phoenix) suggested that after th^ word'"taxes be," bo  added "a graduated tax ou land values."  A long drawn out dlRCiisslon ciicU'id,  in which the "oiinlists took p.irt. Delegate Foley (lios-slaml) urging tlie.ui to  be moderate In lhelr demands..  Delegate "Wat-on (Vancouver) niuved  .an aiiicndmeiit to the iiniendnient th'il  the land tux he so applied as to discourage large holdings and to prevent  monopoly.  Delegate JUickton (Phoenix) explained that the oiigliial motion shifted the  burthen of taxation upon Ills fiirmjr,  whereas the graduated tax shifted it  upon the hind grabber.   '  Delegate    Burns    (Vancouver)   said  that the proposition vvas one simply of  ���   shifting the taxation on" the shoulders  of one capitalist to another.  Delegate Beamish (Rossland) held  that it was shifting taxation from producer to capitalist.  Delegate Thompson (Kamloops) said  the proposed tax was not upon land,  but upon land values, and that ihcso  latter were gicatcst In the cities, so  that the small farmer was not hurt.  Delegate" Rodgers  (Phoenix)   showed  that the tax on city land values would  inevitably icsult   in   lowering   wages  and raising rents.  \   Delegate -Mackay  (Nelson) said tint  the fanner would not be alfeeted inasmuch as he would be exempt as a pro-  ���ducer,  and the exemption would biil-  , ance or more than balance the impost.  After some    further   discussion the  question vvas put, with the result that  the amendments were voted down an.l  the motion as originally put, was carried.  The next plank was that on Oilen-  -laJ Immigration, which leconvmended  that it should be discouraged and an  act upon the lines of the Natal act,  passed, with a proviso that if it were  disallowed lt should be again and again  re-enacted.  Delegate tilacAdams (Sandon) raised  the point that the Natal act only applied to Asiatics,' whereas it was advisable to exclude certain clusses of Eu  ropeans. .   ,, '.  IDelegate. Macpherson (Vancouver)  said that this was not the case, and  further, that ln his opinion, the Dominion government hod no t power to  ���disallow the Natal act If passed by the  provincial legislature, and tliat thl��j  ibeing the case, the. proper procedure  was to pasH the act.again and again,  mo as to bring the matter to a head  .ut ouce.  Delegate Kane (ICa.slo) declared Hint  tlie disallowance of the act vvas not the  work of the Imperial, but of tlie Dominion government. In support, he  ���quoted the words of the Colonial Secretary, Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, saying that the Natal act would meet the  .views of the Imperial government, and  also alluded to tho fact that the Im-  jporlal parliament had not disallowed  the Natal act in' the colony of that  name.  On the question ibeing put it,was carried unanimously.  Abolition of the property quallflcai  tion for the holdeis of office .was tlie  next plarik, and It vvas carried' unanimously also.  Next came up the questioln of'Sun-  urglng that double time might be paid  for any necessary work to ibe carried  on during that day. '  Delegate Burns (Vancouver) declared  that the plank was too indefinite, and  should lay on the table.  Delegate MacAdams (Sandon) urged  that the conditions in the'Slocun were  such that such a law would not be in  Its best Interests, and further, Sunday  work was a matter more of rellgto,!  than politics. It could be settled by  the men Involved.  Delegaito Watson (.Vancouver) said  that Delegate Wllks was Instrumental  In having this same clause carried by  the Dominion Labor Congress in 1S9S.  Delegate Wllks, (Nelson) said that  that was so, but that the Kootenays  had all they wanted in the elght-nour  law, and that any further legislation  In this direction'for the present was  undesiiable.  Delegate Beamish (Kossland) wanted  ii day ot rest.  Delegate Buhner (Kossland) said lt  weie better for ��cven men to work six  day* thnn ns men seven days, and that  the companies would not be hurt.  De-legate Davison (Sandon) thought  tint'llie platform should not be made  a code of laws.  Delegate Macdonald (Sandon) agreed  with Delegate MacAdams, that there  weie matters more at stake in the  country  than  Sunday observance. .  Delegate 'Mnckay (Nelson) said that  this country must be boiler settled before such laws should be enacted. As  things were If miners insisted on their  nattnal born fieedom they would get  discharged.  A vote to table the plank was then  carried. ' "  The last plank to be carried vvas thnt  of the government ownership of smelters and refineries, and their opei atlon  by the government.  Delegate (MacAdams '(Sandon) showed  that the smelters In the province were  In a. combine with certain refineries In  Hid United States, and with the C. P.  11.1 that the American Smelter trust  bail withdrawn 'from the -province,  which left the lead mines at the inei-ey  o�� these smelters; that this combine  bi ought lead In ore from, tho Siocan at  the London rate of $2.43 per huudr'd  less JL' for transportation to London,  wlieicas the lead In ore ithus'purchaseil  never #weni there; that lt was shipped  In bord to the Slates, refined there and  shipped back in bond to Canada and  sold on an e-istcrn market at $3 per  hundred, the unfortunate mine owner  thus only obtaining "a poor'little $1.43."  He'held the only way out of this clinch  was the remedy proposed by, the plank."  After some fui ther discussion the  plank was adopted. '  ���A plank vv-ns introduced with refer-  once .to the granting of subsidies and  valuable franchises, and demanding  that prior to the granting of.the same,  the matter should be referred to the'  dliect vote of the people.  Delegates  Slack and  Towns offered  FROM J. H. HATVTHORNTHWAITE,  M. P. P.  Just before adjournment the follow-  alng telegram was read by Secretary  Cross, amid loud applause:  VICTORIA, April 13, 1902  James Baker, "chairman labor convention, Kamloops:  Congratulations to yourself und convention on excellent progress made.  Regret could not be present. 1 hope  that convention will arrange a progressive platfoim, moderate, but essentially labor, and that you will decide unalterably for Independent action In 'Politics.  J. H. 'HAWTHORNTHWAITE,  M. P. P. labor representative.  WEDNESDAY'S  PROCEKDINUS.-  The,convention resumed its' session at  9 a. ni., with President Jas. Baker In  the chair.   Secretary Cross was In his  place. -    .  The platform was then taken up t*id  discussed at length.  The question of referring valuable  franchises or subsidies to the people  was again taJkcn up. After so.ue  amendments had been put before the  convention tho original clause was carried.  An amendment to the plank that no  land subsidies should-be granted, but  be kept for settlers was offered by  Delegate Burns, to also read that -'no  cash" subsidies be granted.  Delegate Lackie thought that the  plank was unnecessary, as the refe:-  cnduin plank already covered tihe  point.  Delegate Burns agreed to this.  The next plunk was that dtf per cent,  of cl! public lands be immediately set  u.jide  for  educational  purposes.  Delegate 'Kane, of Ratio, wanted to  know if such land was to bo sold to the  speculator.  Delegate Davison (Sandon) objected  to the large number of planks.  Delegate Pair (Ymii) thought "there  was enough planks to build a wharf."  (Laughter.)  Delegate ISbbs (Nelson) spoke at  length In a very foiclble manner on  the great responsibility of the question  of edutatlon.  Delegate 'Buhner (Kossland) i.ijd he  had voted on many a plunk In which  he believed to facilitate matters.  Delegoite   Slack , (Greenwood)   moved,  and Delegate Watson (Vancouver) sec  onded,    that   "education,    meals    and  books of all chlldien up to 1C years uo  free."  Delegate 'Mackie (Nelson) held th.--1  the platform .should be one for the  whole province. If men In the mining  districts were satislied vvith some or  the planks, the same applied to mc-'i  iu the farming dlstilcts as. well as to  the industrial school-.   In these places  PLATFORM.  the following resolution, which was  tabled:  "That the following be added ns a  final plank to the platform: But In  advocating these step* In the overthrow of capitalism and the establishment of the co-operative commonwealth, we caution the workeis,.igainst  such public ownership movements aH  are an attempt ot the capitalist class  to secure government control of public  utilities for the purpose of obtaining  gronte-r security in the exploitation of  Industries and not .for the amelloi atlon  of the condition of the working clns.i.  It must be remembered thnt there ts a  vast difference between 'government'  and 'public' ownership, While'the corporation own the senate and parliament, we will have the government  ovvneisliip, and not until the people  own and control the legislatures can,vve  have tiue public ownership.  Following committee was struck on  thanks: Delegates Wilks ''(Nelson),  Watson (Vancouver), iMacdonald. (Sandon), Bucltton (Phoenix), and Graham  (Knmloops). ' ��� ���  An invitation was received'from the  Kamloops.Quadrille club to'attend, a  ���day labor, a plarcTfl being 'introduced j ball that evening, which, was received  coitiiin planks would be championed,  while others of no material 'inteiest  would not be taken up. -  Delegate Burns (Vancouver) thought  the platform' was too long.  Delegate . Watson (Vancouvei), 13-  gardlng tho matter of freo education,  said that in cur large cities to-day  there were little fellows who don't go  to school, not through any fault of  their own. One delegate asked him. he  said, did he want to "run a government  boarding house," to which he said yes.  Was It not better ito help those In tie  fellow.-, and pay for their education  now, thnn to pay for their keep a*  criminals later on? 'Have we got free  education'.'  ' Delegate libbs���'Not wholly.  Delegate Watson���There was a continual changing of school books, 1 011-  sequently they should be issued "to the  pupils free and printed in' this- province.  Delegate IMacpherson said that the  plank submitted vvas 'not a substitute  but a separate one. The publi\: lands  should be set aside for school purposes.  There was quite a, feeling .throughout  the province tlint education was in-'.-  Ing too much. The <]uestioii~hiid been  asked why not take the .money out ot  the treusury? Tliere was no money  tliere to take out, and besides there  wiis an overdraft of some $2,000,00).  Free education .was necessary, and also  If anyone hnd not the means to get It,  tliey must be provided for. Ten per  cent, of- the hinds of the province  should be kept and leased out and the  revenue therefioin applied to v education.  Delegate Uniiliury held there vvro  too many planks.  Delegate Beamish was In fii'vnr, of  both amendment nnd motion.  Delegate Thompson said thai thu  quest Ion of education wns most far  reaching and that 10 per cent, of the  lands wns not too much for education.  Delegate iKane and MacAdams moved a substitute "that the government  furnish"free books, board, clothing and  all other requirements to each and  every child of school age, and that said  children be compelled to accept same  and attend school." On. a vote this  was lost. -,      ,. , 1  .  (The original motion waa carried.  iPlatifornt waa adopted In its entirety  as follows: , __  That this party lays it down as a  first principle that they will nominate,  endorse or suppoit only such man as  will place thcir signed, undated, resignation 111 the hands of the convention  which nominates or endorses them;  that this resignation be sworn 10; that  this resignation may be handed In to  the lleutenuiil-goveinor ln council  whenever a. innjorlty of the convention  shall consider such action advisable.  1. That vve gradually abolish all taxes  on the producer and the products of  the producer, shifting them on land  values.  -. Government ownership of railways  and all means of communication.  3. That the government establish and  opeinte smelters and leflnerles to treat  all kinds of minerals.  A. That the franchise be extended to  women.  3. The abolition of property nullifications for all public ofllces.  li. Farm 'improvements, Implements  and stock not to be taxed, and wild  lands to be assessed at the price asked  for them by speculative holders.  7. No land or cash subsidies. Lands  to be held for the actual settler.  8. Ten per cent, of all public land*  to be Immediately set aside for, educational purposes and education of all  children up to the ago of 16 years to  bo Xiee, secular and. compulsory, text  books-, meals and clothing to bo supplied out of the public funds where  noci.-s.sniy. a  '���>��� Compulsoiy arbitration of labor  disputes.  10. Restriction of Oriental immigration by .1 law on the lines o* the 'Natal  act, and If said law- be disallowed, it  be lepcatedly re-enacted until the end  sought is attained.  11. That to protect us from Asiatics  uli-ondy in the province the government  inseit a clause ia ill pnvate acts to  this ejfect: "This act shall be null and  void it' the .company fails to enter into  an agreement with tin government as  to conditions of construction and operation," and that the house pass a  lcsolutiion to .p:oliiblt the employment  of Asiatics on all franchisee gi anted  by thu piovincI.il house.  IL'. Conservation of our forest nclie's.  pulp land- lenses to contain ,1 provision for ie-foresling s-o .is to produce  a perennial lcvcnue and make pulp  manufacture a gi owing and permanent  industry.  13. That the act compelling the scaling of logs by government scalers be  cnfoiced.  11. Absolute reservation fiom sule alien ��e of a certain part of each known  coal mea, so that state owned mines,  if necessary, may be easily possible in  the future. All coal leases or grants  hcre-al'ter made io contain a piovlslon  enabling the government lo fix the  price of coal loaded on cms or vessels  for .shipments 'to li. C. consume] s.  13. 'Municipalization and public control of the liquor traffic.  18. The light to a referendum where  a, valuable-.subsidy or franchise is to  be conferred.^  17. That all transportation companies  be compelled to iglve free Ira asportation to members of the legislative assembly and supreme court nnd county  judges.  IS. Election day to be a public holiday, and provision made that every  employer shnll be free from service at  least lour consecutive , hours during  polling time.  P. O. BOX 2X. 'PHONK179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Wholesale Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brand*t  M0X0GKAM, MARGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SrECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR,    ���    SARANXIZADOS, SCHILLER,  " Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenne, Vancouver, B. C.  RESOLUTIONS.  Hy IT. Buckle and R. Mncpheison���  That In the opinion of this convention  all books used In the public schools of  British Columbia should be printed at  the government printing oflice at Victoria, and sold nt cost, Instead of .is  at piesent, by contractors In e.i-ster.i  Canada.    Can ied.  By R. Todd nnd H. Buckle���Tlint the  piovlnclal government be asked to  have placed on all its printing the  union label and that the union label  be made a specification In all contracts  when the same ls obtainable.   Carried.  By the suiue���That the Dominion  government be requested to pass -in  act legalizing union  label.    Carried.  Uy R. Macpherson and J. H. Watson���Whereas���The premier of the province, while on ihe witness stund under croKH-i'Xiiinlnatlon before the Uov-xl  commission, stated thnt he believed the  people wanted nr wn.s In favor of inil-  vvnys being aided by cash subsidies  and hind grants,. And whereas���The  workers In this province constitute a  majority of the people ot this province.  And whereas���As they arc opposed to  either cash or land grams to any corporation or Individual or combination  Of Individuals. Therefore be It resolved���That this convention In so.skIoii  assembled declare against the bonus  system, ,. and especially against the  agreement entered into by his government with 'Mackenzie & Mann, a-s being the most oirtrageous proposition  ever,.,Bii,bmiItted .to any deliberative  body. -And Ibe It further resolved���That  ���vve ask. oil the representatives to the  lorul house from the various districts  represented at this convention by delegates to vote against said railway ai 1  or on a vote of want of confidence In  the government based on said agreement with Mackenzie & CMann. Also  be it.further resolved���That a sopy of  jthls lesolutlon be sent to each member of the'executive of the government  and to each member of the house from  the districts here repiesented by delegate to this convention.    Carried.  By C. Foley and C. A. Mackay���That  tills body views vvith indignation the  refusal of tlhe attorney-general of this  province and minister of justice to enforce the alien contract labor law, and  recommend the enactment of a law  .iiiaking it compulsory on the part of  said oiliclal to secure its enforcement;  further, that circumstantial evidence  as applied in criminal law shall suffice  to seeuio a conviction, applying alike  to the. manager or impoi ted labor.  Cm ri.^d.  By D. W. Stsrens and J. H. Watson  ���That this convention pronounces unequivocally in fnivor of the rigid on  forcement of the Sunday law, and recommends such additional legislation  as will make it more workable and effective.    Carried.  By R. Buhner and J. II. Watson���Ito-'  solved that In view of the fact of th"  present building of the Pacific cable  and the movement ill Great Britain to  seeuie other links in the chain of a  rouiul-the-woild all-British cable and  vviie,' it is In the opinion of this convention that the time has arrived for  the ropiesentatives of this piovlnce to  urge the 'assumption of the Canadian  Pacific telegraph by the government.  Carried.  , By J. D. .McNiven nnd J. If. Watson  ���That'tills convention heieby endorses  the principle of the bills now before  the provincial legislature, entitled "The  Workmen's Compensation act," by G.  H. Hawtliornthwnite, il. I>. P., and the  act "respecting actions against Trades  unions and kindred associations," by  lion. Smith Curtis, il. P. P., and call  upon tlle house to support said bills,  also that copies of this resolution be  forwarded to Messrs. Hawthornthvvaite  and Curtis-.   Curried.  By James Wilks and. Wm. Ebb's���  That we, the delegates from, the various labor unions and reform organizations throughout this province,  hereby express our disapproval of the  Indifference of present and past governments to the Interests of the working people. Be it further resolved���  Thas this convention Immediately pio-  ceed to organize an independent political party and adopt a platform for  the guidance of labor aiid other reform  organizations in future political campaigns. Be it further lesolveil���That  the name of this party shall bo the  provincial Progressive Party ot" British  Columbia.    Carried.  By Geo. T. Kane and W. Rogers���  That the government immediately  enact legislation compelling . all employers of labor to pay all wages due  his employees in cuironcy, and that  such currency 'be made every two  weeks, and that .falling to so pay to be  punishable by line and Improvements  unless such employees have previously  entered-into-a��� Written���ugieemellt- to  the contrary.  Carried.  By, Allster Thompson and Jos. Graham���That  we  appoint    a permanent  from now on in the Interests of Utw  now party.  Sec.-treas.���J. D. McNiven (Victoria),  33; Richardson (New Denver), 22; an*  T. H. Cross (Vancouver), 23. McNiven  elected.  Executive committee���J. II. Wntsos  (Vancouver, H. Buckle (Nanalmo), Dt  W. Stevens (Kamloops), Railroad Bnt-  ployees council; T. Buckton (Fhoenla),  Miners' union.  THANKS.  Following is the ieport of the committee on thanks:  "We recommend that the thanks oS  this convention be extended to:  "The mayor and aldermen of Kara-  loops for their address of welcome, sum&  10 the citizens generally for their kind  hospitality to' the delegates during  tlieir stay in this city.  "To Mr. F. J. Deane, editor of tJie-  Kamlonps Inland Sentinel, for printing  minutes and for plue.ng his office and  libra! y :it the disposal of our comnut-  te^, wlilch was the means of materially pi emoting the work of this coreven-  t.on.   -  "To the Kamloops Quadrille clubandE  llie ladies for the plea.-ar.t evening's  entertainment, vvhLh was thoroughly-  enjoyed and he.irUiv .ippif-ciated by aB;  llie delegates. *  To the'liiliaiiu-'jgar factory, for enabling the (k-Ieg.:lc.s to thoioughly enjoy the luxury,, o�� a jirst-cluss; hoiue-"  made union cigar.  "To the aKmloop-. Biewing company,  fer refieshments which were thoroughly enjoyed.  "To he following labor papers, for  their advocacy of labor interests: Vancouver Independent, SanJjin Paystreak;  Nanaimo llciaJd, K.imleops Ejcntliiel,.  Rossland Woild, L-irdeau Kagle, Siocan Drill, Jloyie Leader. Revelstoke  Ileiald and Kootenay Mall.  'Respectfully  submitted.    Jas.   Wilks  (chairman),  J.  IT.  Watson  (secretary),    .  Jos. Graham,'A. J. 'McDonald, Tom S.  Uuokton.  '  president, vice-president, sccretnry-  treasiirer, and four others. Also that  a secretary bo selected from each constituency represented In this coiiven-  ilon wit hnutliorlty to conespond with  the provincial progressive party, and  further, that the executive be given  pnwHi- lo elect' a secietnry from each  district not represented In this convention.   Carried.  OFFICER'S.  Nominated for president���Delej, it is;  Foley, 30: Wlllcs, IS; Thompson, 2; Watson, '2; McNiven, 5; Bartley, 3; and  Macpherson.  iSecond ballot���Foley, 33: Wllks. 26.  On motion ot Mr. Wilkes, seconded  by iMr.NWatson, the election or Mr.  Foley was made- unanimous.  Mr. Foley thanked the convention for  honoring hlms with the presidency, and  Iif he makes a mistake itjwlll be one of  the head rather, than one of the. heart,  and he hope dthat the delegates would  not let the grass grow under their feet  THE LABOlt CONVENTION.  There i.s gathered in Raven's hall today (Tuesday)- piobably 11s important  an assemblage as has ever mot in this-  piovlnce.    A convention of the laboc  nnd reform organizations in the province Is in session.   No uno will gainsay''  lhat the decisions arrived at' by these  men,  who repiesent the  wage-earners  and consequently the majoii'.y of oar  people, will be other than of very motel ial and .vital moment to  tliis province, either for good or evil.   It is too  early In the proceedings yet to express  any opinion as to what will be tho outcome of  this  convention,  but  judging  from  the biiLslnes'=-!ikc  proccdtne  that  characterises this a��*enshl-ige, the higl>  order of intelligent-  displayed  In   tha  discussions, the nppnient desire t^ consider every subject of u political nature-  dispassionately   and     thoioughly,   and  withal the very noliceaolc absence of  anything   like   s-ecilonalis:u,  or  desire  for personal aggrandizement, we cannot but think the mntiii-.-J deliberations  and decisions of this, the first provincial labor convention ev.-r'lield in British Columbia, ivili be of immediate ami  lasting.benefit to the piovlnce.   At the  present' juncture la piuvimial politics  it Is specially gratifying to find so largo,  and influential nil -lenient of the body  IKJlkle, calmly and judiciously consl'l-  ering~ways "and   m"ii7is-- mu solely-oi?���  bettei lng their uwif >-ni-.'!.:io:i, but tbat  of the provlnn-   at    l:i.-g.'���Kninloop**  Sentinel.  Table Cutlery  Just now w> hav> -i-.r.o .special offerings in TaLIe Cutlviy of all kinds.  Dinner and De���cit Knives ami  Forks.  Tea, Dinner nnd Decert Spoons, anil  a 'uU line of CARVERS.  ThLs ls a real Cutlery snail).  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO,  ciioii.in.v xmj noi'i: rnts-iKjHjii,i!,  Tcl.'pliiui" "-W. I"' Hinting! Street.  The"  HnvinirUie Only Dn-to-Dau> Grill Room  inB.C. which in iueli H r, piarantee  of BKret-Clnts Hotel aiid KMUaur&nt.  'Sej'niour Stre'eet,'  * 1  \      i THE INDEPENDENT,  SATURDAY.... ��� ���., ���..���APRIL 19, .1902  tit,  i  i  _   r  "I  ���jsz  SAMPLE SHOE SALE  Our Xinth Semi-Annual Pale of Sample  Shoes now on, comprising Men's, Women's and Gliildren's  Boots, Shoes & Slippers  All goods at less' tliiiu wholesale prices. ���  Come while the picking is good.  420-422 Westminster Ave  ���fe  (���)  1  lili'iuloil by one of the loading tea experts oi' tiio world and packed by skilled  labor In thi': (.iaijukxs is Jxdia, corning  direct to tlie City CIuockhy, Comi'A.ny.  and sold 1>\'" lliom at the astonishingly  low price of 25c per pound package.  t*  (���)  The Wonderful Chea|> Grocers,  Wkst-mixsti-'.i:  Aveni'E. and   Pimnckss   Stijkkt.  Tki.ki'Monk   280.  ������������SX^^��S��^^  IRKS OFTHE LABOR WORLD  ��� CAS AIM AS.  St. Thomas labor unions arc poilc-l-  ing against the acceptance of a I'-.n-  negie gift  I'or a public library.  Parliament will he asked fur a further sum of $75.(11)11 tn .build an addition  to Llu- printing bureau at Ottawa.  Six  hundred    'longshoremen    are  on  blrike '.it Ilalifnx, wlio now receive only  ���   "JO rents lier hour, and demand 23 conts.  .,-witli   additional   for   night   work and  i    holidays.  ' The 'I'ljionto T. and I., coum-il last  M-L-ck iias.-cd a resolution cnnsuiiiig the  Labor riitzette for announcing llint the  Kli-ike at the t'iuiney Foundry company  work;- way lm lunger 111 existence.  Al. a meeting ul the Montreal brniicn  of llie Canadian Mumilacturern' nsso-  ciallon 1t was decided to strenuously  oppose a bill just introduced into tin-  J'Vderal huuse iby A. \V. I'uttee, framed fur t'he purpose of Inaugurating  compulsory arbitration and to lllegul-  ize n cnnli-iict stipulating iioii-iiiiion labor.  "Wc will not accept any Intervention from a government Mint linnds out  Its work to icab painters," siild on olllcer of the Painters' and IJecoratois'  ���union/ In Toronto recently, when  asked if any government olllcii'il hnd  approached tliem yet with a view to  closing the existing- breach between  them and the master painters.  STJiere ls trouble brewing In Port Dal-  ���taousie. The 'Maple Leaf Rubber Coin-  ���.pany have Introduced a neiv scale or  juices to be paid in the lusting dopiirt-  men, whicli will jncan a cut of from  10 to 30 cents a day. The rubber workers luuvc been organized for same time,  nnd are determined  to resist  any cut   5n-waKL'.s._Cor_at_the_i_ild_sijiilc,tlic.work-_  ers could only make a living, and the  cost of living I.s slr.'iidlly Increasing.  ' ' The Ontarlol executive committee uf  llie Trades and Lubor Congress of Canada and a large gathering of representatives of various lubor iirgiiiil/.iitlmis  liave presented ninny retinoids to the  legislature affecting the Interests of llie  Bcvcrnl 'bodies and labor generally,  Among, other things asked wen''that  the appointment of plumbing Inspectors be made compulsory In all cities  Inning'sewage'nnd water .works system"; that Che .government establish a  jirliitlng bureau for'the0pri>\inec of On-  Outiirlo: that nny state aid for Immigration be discontinued; that the factory iici.s or the province niul the- law  requiring llie use of .sniiil.iry labels on  clothing 'be enforced; that all prlsun-  made goods be labeled ns such; that  Uie law prohibiting Sunday labor In  bakeries should not be repealed, ns requested by the master bakers." The  Government pioinised consideration to  the various inensuies submitted, but on  two subjects they gave definite.promises���that, on the expiration . of - the  Jin-sent contract, the brooms made at  the CcnLrnil prison shall be labeled  "prison made," and that the law affecting 'bakeries would not be Interfered with.       0  FOREIGN.  The South Wales mines have lately  become overcrowded' vvith workmen,  owing to the return of so many old  linnds wiho luuvc been hunting Boers,  instead of hewing .coal, In South Af-,  i-ic.-l.  '.Messrs. Hugh McMiiuusand William  Liddell, T. O.. Helfust, will represent  ihe Irish Trade Union Congress at the  Scottish Trade Union Congress In be  lield at Falkirk towards the end of  next niontli.  Two hundred dock laborers who  struck work at Aberdeen, Scotland, for  an advance of pay from 4 l-2d. to .Id.  per hour have been .unsuccessful in  tllielr demand nnd have resumed work  iu ihe old rates.  A distinguished governor, illncuislng  lliis question of a shorter work day  gnve utleriiiice to a noble sentiment  saying: "The fact that there Is unrest  and dissatisfaction when man Is confined to unremitting toll Is one of the  brightest omens of the times. It Is  an indication that his better nature la  struggling for emancipation: It is a  happy sign uf finer and nobler manhood In the future. Such efforts Tor im-  priivemiiit should never he discouraged, but always encouraged."  Tlie miners of Great Britain have  voted to go into politics. They will  levy an assessment that will bring iu  nearly $100,000 a year for such purpos-i.  They will nominate candidates for parliament In ,'17 districts, where'- they  stand an excellent opportunity of electing tlielr men. The carpenters, ni.-i-  i-hlnlsis, general laborers, railway employees, nml other large organizations  liinvi* also voted to assess themselves  and iicciininliite runds lo light for re-  piT-scnt.'itlon In parliament. The inovc-  uicfil Is spreading nil over Ihe kingdom.  A bill lo "llx the minimum rnte of  wages in lie pnld io workers In particular trades" has 'been Introduced Into the Hritlsh House of Commons, "A  wages board will huve power, If they  think tit, to llx n minimum rnte for any  single itlnd or work or for any single  class of workers in a particular trade."  This measure Is backed'by Sir OhiirlM  Ullke, mippoi'ted by Mr. John Hums,  Mr. Moll, Mr, 'McKeniui, .MK1 Teniiant.  and Mr. Trevelyan. The bill Is the  same ill principle as that adopted by  tin- New South Wales legislature some  Ilino ago.  Forty-one new trade union- vv-fi-c  registered In Great Britain Inst year,  and tlnce new trade federal Ions. At  the same time there wa.s nothing in  the shape ot n new employers' association formed, and for the third year in  succession there were no large general  trade disputes in 3001. One-third of  the total number of strikes were settled  in favor of the employers, something  ove ra third  were compromised,  and  above 27 per cent, resulted favorably  for thfe workmen. With regard to  changes in wages generally, it comes  out very cle.uiy that, while for the  Hive years, 15M-1900, inclusive, there  was u steady rise, tliis was reversed  last year, the wages of mine and metal  workers, especially, suffcilng.  In view of the approaching termination of the slidlng-scnle agreement  regulating . wages in the South Wales  coalllelds, both coal owners' and minors' representatives have for some time  past been milking llie closest Inquiries  Into all manors connected with the  trade, ascertaining .minutely the conditions of labor In other eoaMlelds nt  homo and abroad, the percentages of  large and small coal gained, and. the  lltkiltallon In prices. Next July the  workmen will hand In a six months'  notice to lei-inlirite tin-scale agreement  and tliey ask for its abolition ill favor  of ihe I'oi'iiiiillini of an arrangement .by  which wages shall no longer automatically follow prices. It i.s 'hoped  that dining the period of notice some  solution of tile problem will be found  thut will obviate what Is very inuali  remt-il. a repetition next year of the  disastrous struggle uf four years ii.qo.  In pursuance of this policy of investigation, tbe South Wales Miners' Federal l'��n have agreed to send delegates to  ���all Kiilish and continental mining centres.'  A'MKRIC.VN.  Tin- cooks and waiters of Sail I.nike  City have secured one day's rest in  seven through the nld ol' the arbitration committee of tlle State Federation.  The condition of labor in Oregon is  steady and fair I'm- this time of year.  All machinists are busy nnd the mills  and factories are running night ami  dav.  Kuilronil men In Texas arc organizing  rapidly and securing reasonable hours  and good pay. All locomotive llrcinen  hnvo received un increase ou the big  engines.  The general condition of trade' in  Monltiiiu'ls quiet at present and copper  smelters liave started up again and are  employing several men who were hud  off In the shut down of October. liUil.  The conl miners employed in the Allegheny and Kisivimeiietas valleys ordered a strike on April I, the c-oinpiinlcs  having refused to sign tlie scale. About  2.500 men and thirty-live companies  will be affected.  The coopers report li- local unions,  gaining three during the month. The  total membership is 01,000. Unions  have Ijeen formed at Trenton, X. J.,  Minneapolis, Minn., and Norfolk, Va,  There is a slrikeat ITavvklnsvillc, On.,  against reduction of pay.  Harbors In Ithode Island have succeeded in putting .a bill through the  house compelling the. barbers In lliis  state to carry a, licence to work ul  that trade. There Is a 'bill pending in  the house for the uS-hour 'week in all  shops In 'this slate, auothei for the ten-  hour day for the street cur men. Doth  have a favorable prospect of passage.  The advance ot 10 ,per cent, which  was granted to the 27,000 employees of  Fall,'lllver cotton mills early in t'he  month has become general In South  ern New England. 11 Is estimated that  b.v April 7th fully 60,000 hands In this  section will have hud their wages increased. While no authoritative announcement has been made ns to what  the big 'mills of Lowell. Lawrence,  .Manchester, Lcwiston, Nashua and  other cotton centres will do, il is generally believed that, as usual, they will  follow Fall River and New Itedl'oril.  +++++++++++4>+**+'#++4++++*��+*+  | Gold at a Discount  A  X Is no more a Bargain than a  a '   ��65 Cleveland Bicycle at ,$45.  *$r Wo have just a limited  number'of   both   Ladles'   and   Gent's^  ^    Models���1S01 make���regular $65.00 wheels, which go while they last  A    at $15.00.   This is the greatest wheel .bargain In years.  | Wm, RALPH, 126 Hastings St.  a, SOLE AGENT  A  This high grade WALL PINISHMs ln  greater demand tlhis year than ever.  BECAUSJ3   it  mixes  easier,   works  easier, looks better   and   lasts longer  tlluin any other tin Ish manufactured.  Aslk for the l>est and the best ds MURTALO.  <Made lu twoiity-four shades and .white.  ���r-a-l-o  Sole Agents,  f*1cLennan9  Mcfecly & Co.  Phone 41.  122 Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phone 1063.  It Takes a-Nice New Tie  , \1 cap the climax In the make up of a "well-dressed man."  1      lt Is the one tiling of a man's attire in which he ls permitted  dulgo his taste for color���for embellishment.  Sts  ��ur  now:  "CORONATION" TIES   50c and 71  BOWS���New Shape   y5c and :{!  KNOTS���New .Shajio    r>��c and 7:  "IJIPBRIAL"���New Stylo   fiOc and Ti  FLOWING ENDS   5()o anil 7,  JOHNSTON, KERfOOT ��. CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? Itasliops St., Obb. Wm. Ralbh's.  FM^wimHWMin^jwimffpaNwt'  to in-  If you wish your ,i  PAINTING, PAPEBMANCING,  KALSOHINING, DRAINING, ETC...  Done satisfactory try -  GAULEY  &   DAVIS,  The Practical Painters,  ,  410 Camble'Street.      Opp. Court House  Union Directory.  THE     VANCOUVER    TRADES    AND  Laibor Council  mcetB    first and  thlwSi  Thursday In each   month, at 7:30 p. nu  President, W, J. Lamrick: vlce-prosldont,  F. J. Russell; secretary, T. H. CriiBs; financial secrotary, J. T. Li Hoy; treasurer,.  C.    Crowder;    sorgcant-at-nrnis,    U.   J.  Salter; statistician, J. 11. Browne.  KELLY, D��U��QLAS & CO.     "  ���'o  WIIOLKSALl! GKOCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver^!). C.  flggr Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  Ivveen corporations and trade unions,  but tlicre is little similarity. If a doctor Is guilty of malpractice, it is the  doctor the law proceeds against, not  Llie medical association; If a lawyer  does wrong. It is the lawyer who is re  sponsible, not the law society. Trade  unions oiigllt to be classed In the same  category.���Kx.  CHILDREN'S AID SOCIETY.  AVe congratulate the city upon the  earnest milliner In whioh the above society Is taking ui> the' work of protecting nnd leinovlng young children  .from evil surroundings nnd giving  them n liiaiice to become useful moin-  bers "of"society-us-thev-grownup-to  manhood, uud pure good girls vvliu are  being taught nnd inllii'-uceil tn beenmc  bright, hnppy children iind a credit and  ornament to our beautiful city. The  secretary Informs lis that the society  bus now 2" :-lilldieii under lis control,  Hinging from two yeais, ami that suitable homes linve been found for seven  of the'milliner, and Hint In every case  the children are slving every sntlsfnc-  llon.   : .  I'niwiii: Why don't you como to  churiii? lt does not look well for a  mun In your position never to nltend.  Comi llnlllft; 7>ly'denr pnrson, were  I to come I would have to bring writs  for half of the congregation, (CoIIiiihc  of parson.)  The .bill now heroic the llilitsh  il louse'of Commons, likewise n slmilai  bill before the British Columbia legislature, lelating to trade unions, aim at  protecting unions against unnuthnibied  nets of-oillcers and members. Tliere ia  no intention to free the perpetratois of  illegal acts'from personal responsibility.    Comparisons have been made be-  An old copy of the Columbian Song  ster, ilnlod nt the close of the ISth ecu  lury,  contains a  parody of <iod Save  the King, of which the following are  stanzas:  l'*nme, let thy trumpet sound.  Tell  all   the   vvoiid around,  Columbia's free!  Tell Geniiiiine, Nniili and Utile,  And every oilier brute. v  Tyrannic George won't suit  Her liberty.  The bloody George In vain  May forge a stronger chain.  The deed  Is iloiie!  ���A greater George  than  lie  llath  set  Columbia  free:  ,    lminortnlls'd   shall   be  George Washington, o  Charles Lamb was once persuaded to  attend a 'Methodist "experience" meeting in company with a friend. The  friend spoke with great fervor and  self-abasement, and llnnlly Lamb himself was called upon to address the  meeting. He rose and stuttered out,  "I have nothing to sny as .to myself,  but I can quite c-c-contlrm what my  friend has said as to his 'being a m-m-  iiiisL-i'uble-slnner." f-=���=���=   The Mllltla located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   Thu bottled goods are  all tiret-cliiBH and the prices right for  every onu.   Seattle Rainier beer,0cunts.  C. Ellis, corner Cuinbiu and Cordova streets, in tlio place you enn gut  your hair cut in an artistic manner.  Try a'bottle of Kisen Port, tho huh-  b!iine of California, SOc boitlo, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co,, 7-1(1 I'cnder street.  The Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   the   corner  of Carrall and Hustings utreets.   Cuso  goods aru the best, mid tho prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  WheD you want to hire �� flrat-claM  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery atableg. Telephone 126.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablet* are guaranteed to restore failing appetite and  con-ec*. any kind of stomach trouble.  GO c. box. ��� MoDowell, Atklna, Watson  Oo.  ��AVOY  THEATRE  JIcDoxei.1. it Snirsox Proprietors.  AI.F, P. J.1.MK!. Singe Muuuger  Week 'Cornmencing  '. Monday, Next  Artistic and Refined Vaudeville.  EVERY ACT A FEATURE.  Tbe HaSmorai  . , MAKK8 A HPRCIAI.TY OF . .  o    Dewcr's soeciai LlquBur, also -  o    usiier's biock Label Liqueur vrtiiski  -LARGE STOCK OF-  IMl'OKTED AND "DOMESTIC  . Ctyars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  ' Cobxer Cordova and Carrall.  '  | :   GEO. HAY   : $  ���     Vancouver's   Pioneer    Clothes   ' ^  Renovator, makes a Buit new.      jT  Dyeing and Repairing.?  216 Cambie St., Vancouver.        X  ���������������������������������������  4_  Tftl. 3*1���TAltnflry. .     .    .   .  Tel. 1176���31111101/  Curtains���-esi  Beautifully Laundered  , THE PIONEER JJAITNDRY.  Hall the driver or telephone us,  or drop us a .postal or send a  , mesGonger nnd wo will go to you  and toll you how much lt Mill  cost to do up yours.  You'll Jump nt the chance.  PIONEER  ���Steam Laundry  Piio.nk 340. 010 - 014 Riciiards St  'Downtown Office, No. 4 Aiicadk.  WHITE  imp ONLY.  .W  For tho next 80 days you can get it >ult at  jour own price at  THK   ACME,  To Introduce our new Bjmtem of tanning k*>  tore our Fall Stock snivel.  2 Gmni* St.  C I. floll��B* Cutler  COOKS, WAITERS AND 'WAITBBSSBS' '  Union,  Local No.  2b.    President,   Wm.  Bllender; vice-president, W. XV. Nelson;',  recording  secrotary,   Miss  Adclla   Con���  nant; financial becrotary, J. H. Porlilna;.  treasurer, Wm. Ellender.   Meeting ever?- -  Friday at 8.30 .p. m. In Union Ilall, corner  Hoinor and Dunsmulr streets.  STRERT   RAILWAY   MEN'S   UNION���  Moots second anil fourth Wednesday O-C"  each month,  in Sutherland Hull,  corner.-  M'estmlnstor Avenue and Hastings Street -  at S p.m.    President.  H.  A.  McDonald;-,  vico-president, John Gardiner: secretary,,  A. G. Perrj; trensurer. H. Yandcrwalkcr;-.  conductor,   Goo.    Lcnrosty;    wanton,   O.  Smith;  sentinel, J. Diililierley;  dolegatca'-  to Trades and l^ahor Council: It. A. McDonald. J. C. Barton. C. Bennett, Robt.  Brunt and A. G. Perry.  TliXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 115, W..  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m..  ln Foresters' hall. Van Anda. President,.  R. Altken; vice-president, C. A. Melvlllo;;  secretarv, A. Raper. Van Aniln, B. C. ;���  treasurer, II. V. Price; conductor, P.  Burt: warden, John Llnklnter.  I'NT1'1RNATION>AIj   (ASSOCIATION   OP"  Machinists.���Denver   l.odgi>.   No.   IK!.��� -,  Meets second nnd   fourth   Wednesday in-  each month In Union hull.   President. 3-~  Arnell:   vice-president,    J. IX. Edwards:-  recortling secretary. A. J. Thlrtlc'aildrois,  Vancouver P. O.: financial secretnry, H.  J.   Ijittller,  57,'t  Hustings    street,    east; ,  trensurer, E. Tlmmlns; conductor, S.   II.  Bosslsstow; guard, F. Coughlin.  VANCOUVER FilSIIERMlON'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets In Lalior Hull, Homer  street the lust Saturday In each month ax  S p, m. Sydney Harris, secretary, care ol'  water works shops, Powell street. ,  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union C.S" '  America. Local No. Hi, Vancouver, B.  C. President. Wm. II. Dnrues; vice-  president, Fred. Jay: recording secretary,.  Sam Walker, St. George St., 7th Ave.;-  flimnclal secretary, N. McMullln; treaa- ���  urcr, XV. A. Woods.  CIGARMAKERS' UNION ,NO, 357���  Meets the flist Tuesday In each month.  In Union Hall. President, A. Koehol;.  vice-president, P. Crowder, secretary,.  G. Thomas, Jr.. 143 Cordova street west;,  tieasurcr, S. XV. Johnson; scrgcant-at-  arms. J. XV. Brat; delegates to Trades-  und Lalior Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  C._ Nelson; [^_   BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS ANT2��  ���DECORATORS, Local Union No. IS?.  Meets every Thursday In Labor Ilall.  Prcsldont, XV. Pavler; vice-president, W.  Halliday; recording secretary, E. Crush,.  221 Georgia street; financial secretary, A. ���  Gothard, S22 Howe street; treasurer, H.  MeSorley.   JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OB"  AMERICA, 'No. 178 ��� Meets alternato--  Mondays in room 1, Unlori Hall. President, F, Williams; vice-president, Chan.-  Whalen; recording secretary, H. O. Burj-  rltt; financial secretary. Walfred Larson;  treasurer, XV. W. Toonibs; sergeant-at-  arms, J. MoPherson.   THE RETAIL CLEHiKS' INTERNATIONAL. PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION meets in O'Brien's Hall, the  flrst and third Tuesdays of each month.  0. McLean, president; XV. J. LniurielE,  secretary, ��M8 Princess street.   I  INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OB! '  Eloctrlcal Workers, Vancouver Local  213.���Moots second und fourth Tucsduy in .  Union hall, room No. A. President, Geo. .  Coullns; vioc-prcsldent, R. P. Irwin; recording secrotary, A. D. Hotson. 63G Richards street; financial secretary, John  Dubburly.  JOURiNEYMHiN BARBERS'  INTERNATIONAL   UNION,   No.   120-Presldent,  G. W. Isaacs; vlcc-prcsldont, Fred Haw;;  corresponding - financial secretary, J. A.  Stewart, 61 Cordova St; recorder, C. IX .  Morgan; treasurer, E. Morgan; guide, N.  A.   Bradley;   guardian,   P.   J.   Bennett;.  dolegates   to   T. & -I,.  Council:   G. W.  Isaacs and Fred. Haw.   Meets first and ��  third  Wednesdays   of,   each    month Ib i  Union Hall.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION',  No. 220 meets the last Sunday 111 cucli ���  month nt Union  Hull.    President,  C.  S.  Campbell; vice-president, XV.  3.  McKay; .  secretary, S.  J. Gothard, P. O.  Box CO;,  treasurer, Geo. Wilby; sergeant-at-anns,.  A. 'F.   Arnold;   executive  committee.  TV  XV.   Fowler,   G.   K.   Ptcrrolt,   XV.   Brand..  Robt.   Todd;   delegates   tt>  Trades    audi,.  La'bor Council, W. Brand, Robt. Todd, F.  Fowler; delegates to Allied Trades Coun- ���  ell, F. A. Fowler, XV. 3. McKay and C.  J, Marshall.  i  iV'i  UNITED   BROTHERHOOD   OF   CAR--     .  PENTERS  and  Joiners���Meeis    every    .  second and'fourth   Thursday in  Unloni  Hall, room No. 3.   President. G. Dobbin;  vice-president, .J.  XI.  Sinclair;  recording-  sccretnry,   XV.  T.  MacMullen;    Ilnancial!'      '  secretary, H.  S.  Falconer; treasurer, J.Ferguson: conductor. It. MacKenzle; warden, J. 'McLood: delegates lo T. and L..  council, Robt. Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M. Sinclair.        .  always proves the correctness of our-  dlagnosls of optical and llie perfection-  of our fitting of lenses and frames l>y  our Dr. of optics.  We sell a good pair of glasses with'  tested leanses tor t'2.30.  We have the hest optical piirlor In-.  the city.  DAVIDSON BROS.,  THE JBWEtiLERS 'AND OPTICIANS.'  leoeooceocacooaoeoaa  DELICIOUS WINE  MADK EXCU!I1IVEI.Y FROM IJ. C. FRUIT.   ���  FKEBII CUT FLOWKRS   UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When matins a trip around tho  I'urk call ou  Wit    lnnl>c Brockton Point  ��� V>�� fJUIICS     Lighthouse  seoetseoosaooooc  Pay up your subssrlptlon to the Independent, dt (Joes not cost you mucta  and you should* not hesitate aliout"giving your eupport readily to a labor paper. ' '


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