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The Independent Jan 25, 1902

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Array .-rS-gT^MWO.^  V  I  if  '���'  *���     .  I.  >. <-'  m  I.  1  F  SiHSCMlPTlOilf $1.25 A YEAR  Wage-earners should subscribe, because this paper  ls published as their organ.  15. C. PERMKEST LOAS AM  SAVLYOS CO.  Authorized CnpitHl   -   JIO.OOO.OOO  fciib_cri_icd Chih-.u!   -   -    Vrni.buO  A(..s('t>(i\ur    ....      :'.L*o,i��cU  Head Olllce S21 Camblu Street, Van-  couver, B. C.  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1902.  NO 18  THE CIVIC S0L0D1S.  Oaioso present at Monday night's  ^meeting of the City Council were:  mayor .Neelnnds 'iind Aid. Ill own, Forc-  man, Or. McGulgau, Wilson, McQueen,  tVylle, Cook, Betlume. Aid-elect. Skene  vas in the niidlenee.  Anions .the long ll.st or letters read by  Uie City Clerk w��s one from, W. U.  ' Itoss, uoiuphilnlng of the way he was  treated by the |>ollce und City Clerk.  _tie only wanted his rights us a British  .subject, and suggested meeting His  *%V��i-.4iii.p or leave tlie matter-to arbitration before going to law.  'Bus clerk���I haven't sjioke to the  ��nau ltor a year.  Mr. Itoss���Your worship, may I be al-  Sowed tt> apeak. He says,til_at lie didn't  j^pealc to me for a year.   Now   TKie Mayor���Not at ln-esent  "Air. Itoss���All right. ���>  Aid. Cook���Two nioutlis ago the City  -Engineer wus asked to report on certain drains across ithe C. P. ,11. track  ��m Carrall street? ���       '  Engineer Traeey���If I make a plan  mT any particular street, the city solicitor will take it and make a test case.  A plan wus now 'being made.  Aid. Cook���1't was intended that the  * ��-aty solicitor and oliy engineer int.*r-  "Vieiv the C. P. U.  Aid. Wood said that attention had  3icon drawn ,to the bad condition of the  railing on Westminster Avenue bridge.  31 ji-chdld happened to 10.ui against it  Jt would fall in the water.  City I-Jnglneer���tit's entered on the  Shook s.  resldc.it Judge. He thoi-ght "Ha.it ihe  counc'l hIhhiIiI not withhold nny assistance it might render In that direction.  Aid. McQueen was not sure that the  council could not wisely Interfere ln  such a mutitcr.  The .Mayor suggested Unit objeetlons  niltfht bo got over by confining the  recommendation to' the appointment of  a residertt Judge.  Aid. Wylie thought tihat the name  should ibe left out. Solicitors.were always divided in their opinions, nnd he  didn|t see why they (t!\e ���ildenmoii)  shouldn't be.  Ahl. Brown���It might lay over.  n Aid.   McGulgiin���Tho    city    solicitor  says It would be too late.  Aid. Urown��� What does he know  about tt?  The motion canted, Aid. Wylie and  McQueen voting against.  south australian  minimum wage law.  A ballolt 'Was taken for representatives on the library board, <uid the following were declared elected: Ex-Aid.  Gallagher, 11. Spaii-llng, Dr. MoGulgan,  and Messrs. Kveleigh, l>oug-,ui, South  and Gilchrist, the last live being reelected. Two ballots weie Uiiken. In  Wie flrst one was spoiled.  Aid. McQueen was electeill to re'pre  sent the Council on the Board of Mini.  agement of lihe Alexandra. Orphanage.  Aid. McGulgiin _t*ked If any menus  t-uiild he taken to remove the nuis'urjes  ��T ihe shooting galleries, .moving picture shows, etc. They ure a very great  nuisance.. He referred to those on the  south side of'Cordova street. The din  avsis almost unbearable.  .Aid.- Brown���Ain't there ��i license fee  Jor them? Iteterred lo the cily solictor.  llltMe Aid. Wood complained abnut  Ihe heal of the main and wanted the  -windows onened. Everybody instantly  i��'g.i.n either to reman o their coats or  'loosen their vests. Too much hol-air,  evidently.  Aid. Foreman gave notice to amend  Uie Water Frontage by-law, exempting  -Cram taxation all four-inch pipe and  less.  3. Cronihaw, secretary of the Musicians' union, wrote asking 7 Unit the  ���privilege of the Gei-nian band lo play  tmthe stieels be cancelled, and reminding the council that there is a Dominion act against soliciting on the slrjets.  Aid. Cook could not sue why tiie  liaud should be interefered with. Unless there was a leal grievance it  nhould be allowed to play on the  artreets.  Aid. Wiley thought the German band  was a good thing. It would make coin-  l��_til.on among the bands and the is-  nilt would be better music.  Aid. Wood s-ald the German band  rwmi>etes. They play for $1 each a  night. The local kind shlould be protected Irom tihis kind of competition.  Aid. Foreman.agreed |��Ith Aid. Wood  that our home bands should be protected.  ��� Aid. McC^uigun didn't believe in this  ���kind ot local competition. Hut so long  sib the Gemnan band played on Ihe  atreats lie jMioughlt Jt was ulll right.  Aid. Bethune suggested thnt the inu-  etatans  meet  tlie  council    and    show  Aid. Bethune gave notice of motion  to amend clause 2_>4 of the city charier, to go Into eftecit in 1903, to eliminate  tlie alderm'anic salary Ithere provided.  Aid. McQueen tihought the adopting  of .tills would require th'at the charter  should he amended, and this business  was very expensive.  "Aid. Urown���Aid. McQueen Hulks  sense, und he (Urown) agreed with him.  Tlie clerk should keep a book with tlie  proposed amendments.  Aid. McQueen���A good municipal act  was needed. Just witness the land  tax sale muddle.  Aid. Cook���II* would be a good thing  if the city solicitor gaie usrthe outside  llgtiic -as to the prob.ilile cost of amending the chai ter.  'Aid.. McQueen said he had spent 13  day's'at Victoila at'the last revision.  Tliey got some thiiigs ithey asked lor  and some, they didn't. Members ofthe  .Legislature liad expressed themselves  is being fully sick of Vancouver running down theie so often.  Aid. JjL-lhune said in tihsut case he  was (|ulte willing to lei the matter .ay  o^-er.  Aid. Wood gave notice that he would  move at the next meeting ilia l the  council ask for a'transfer ol the False  Creek flats.  Aid. .MtQueen gave notice thait he  would move tlwilt tlio city betoken from  under tihe provisions of the land registry act.  Aid. Brow n���Thmfs not an amendment to tliu charter?  Aid.  McQueen���No.  Adjourned.  cause before proceeding l'urtiher.   Thoy  might wait on.the Flriance coinmitte.  Aid. McQueen���Yes. And (they can  Xetuh along their Instruments mid give  lis a tune.  SPECIAL SESSION.  A full council boaixl was present at  Wednesday's special meeting to heai  representatives of the Slave Lake  Power Company. Tney weiv Mr. li.  Abbott, Mr. J. IR. Ferguson and Sir  Chiis. Hlbbert Tupper and others. This  tom.puiiy requested that the time limit within which the deposit of $2.1,001)  guarantee of bona tides be extended  one year. This request .w\_s> granted,  Aid. Wood and Wylie voting against.  Aid. Wood moved, seconded by Aid.  McGulgan. that the request be granted  of the License Commissioners that the  Chief of Police reiKint to them each  sntontli as well as tlie city council an lo  tbe wtay tlie licensed houses observe  the by-laws. All aldermen agreed to  ��Ms.  Ald.-elcct   Skene's   ivslgiia.llon  loft In .Mio .Mayor's JniikIn.  Aid. McGulgiin  moved that the np-  iwlnbmont of Mr. _���_. P. Davis, IC. C,  as Chief Justice of. British Colunibla,  fte respectfully reeommemled    to    the  ���Honorable Minister of Justice.  Aid.   Mo&ulgun  explained   thnt   this  , resrilutloii luad been >plnred in his hands  fjy representatives of the Bar ussocla-  ,' tlon, und polinted oitl that tt had been  represented to him tha't ln Mr. Davis'  juppointment Vancouver would' haive a  The Independent Lalbor party Is considering the political Situation serious-  l,v_und_a_ca 11 fo_r_a_cpn ve n I Ion wil l_tie  issued In the near future. This convention, which 'will iprobalbly be held _n  Nelson, .will be Ibroader and more le-  pi-esentatlve th'an any jnvvtous caucus  of the Lalbor ipaity. iSociallsts as wM  as trades unionists of all 'kinds will be  ���asked to send delegates, and the Bonn  uui'y na well aa Biust aii(l West Koo:  enaiy Willi be reiirescniteil. The Inde  liendent Lnbor paiHy 'luus been working  (tiloiig (ruletly but effectlicly, registering voteis, nuturiillslug Aiinerlcan.s an 1  foreigners of ull kinds, and iifrl'cctliig  ii political organization which, if this  threatened election eventuuitvs, will  prenent u united front nil ovcr ihe In-  'lurlor of the province and wil! probably load to the United Lalior party  hi'. Hng a bnlnnce of power'In the next  legislature.���.Sandon Paystreak.  Following has  been    complied from  the    Now     Zealand    Labor    Guzette:  For some time past a royal commls-  ���siloii, has boon sitting   1n  Melbourne,  Australia, emiulrlns Into the working  of Uie shoi>s and factory law of that  great country In 1S90.   Some of the evidence given before It had been hostile  to the la.w, ns might have been expected���all the same as the eight-hour law  of the inetalifei-ous miners of this province.    PiMiafriMiph..   hame  aippeai-ed   in  moro thnn one    well-known    London  newjipoiKir suggesting Wiat the act has  caused, and is   causing,   friction, and  has even led _n one case to a suspension of Industry.    A set of Indignant  musteis or employers  have  shut  U|)  .their woiks.   Wiltihout denying that the  liiiw bus been, audi Is being hotly criticized in Wie colony, and  without suggesting that it has yet emerged  from  tlie stage  ol  experiment,    it  can   b2  ^pointed out that Victorian umnuCaotur-  ers have managed to thrive under il  and to regain the place which they held  in 1S0O, but lost so lamentably alter the  banking panic    and    the    collapse of  whtilt is commonly known as the Mel-  IxHirne land Ibooin.   ln 1M0, wiien Vlotoria i\as enjoying the inflated  pi-os-  liei-ity  for ivhloh  she afterwards hud  to pay so dearly, tlie number of hands  employed in the colony's factories was  17,813.    In 1894,  with commerce in.thf-  trough of depression, this mini ber sank  lo ;M,t!6S.   In 190O it had idscn to OJ.S'.IS.  Whatever,     therefore,    thu   minimum  wage law may have done during  the  foii'r yeais  in   which  it has  been applied, it has not been gcneiaily ruinous or terrifying.  The Faotories  ami t.hups ],-uws of 1SHG, under which  legal minimimn .wages were for the first  .time illxcd, was one of a semes of factory laws, the lln-t of whioh was  little statute ixi��>ed In 1S73. This, the  pioneer of its race in Austialia, laid  dawn that no girl or woman should  'work for hire in.a factory for more  than eight, hours daily. The.next step  forward was taken by a second law,  tihat of 1SS5. This was the outcome ��f  the plain spoken .report of a royal eoni-  miission which had sat in the year b3-  fore lo inquire into alleged "sweating." B.v the law of .ISSfi the numb .  of poisons needed to form a-legal l-i.--  tory, which ihnd hitherto been ten. w s  reduced to six, including apprentice1-,  and employees weie ordered to keep a  reuord of ou'Lwoiik. The ben puts o:  the law of 1SS.1 were those enforcing  cleanlHTCss, air spate, the requirements  of decency, laud/the fencing of muchi.1-  ery. Uncle t-thesc clauses much good  vvoilk 'was done by the government inspectors. As Melbourne and the other  towns grciv larger and weie licit m-  ���built, hundreds i>t dilapidated old  'buildings were pulled down and replaced iby (better factories. Tlie Inspectors  slaw to it that the arrangements in  tihinii wfli-e good. How ainsatisfactoiy  bhe condition of numbers of factory  and sliup workeis! ireiruiined in many  ather resiicc'ts, unxl how miserable was  the lot of the sweated outworkeis (that  is .people wiho tailce woik home to do)  the reader may learn from olliciul i-e-  'ports and from the ���o-oluiiiiis of the  Age and Ai-gus new-spaipers. For ten  yoaiis there was little or no change in  tihe luiw. Not until ISM ��\is any real  step taken forward. In that year the  number of hand's necetsnry to constitute  Sweutlng League, could have formed a  .public opinion ready to accept hi  sti-ange and novel an experiment. Venturesome und .full of new .features the  measure Indeed was. Most students of  labor pidbloms lmve by this time heard  of one feature���uhe "wages boards."  But the Interest of the shoiis and factories aot of 1SS6 Ij by no means con  fined.to theso. It (Introduced changes  so many and so vital, and marks a  striking departure ln the history or  Australian Imlustiiul law. I make no  apology for quoting here certain puns  of the ofllclal summary of  i Its Chief Clauses    .  c  pit-paired by the Victorian factories de-  partnlent. These all relate to factories.  The ijortlon ofthe laiw relating to ehopj  will riot be touched on In this article.  Every place In which 'furniture is  maiui'tac'Liired iwus made a factory or  workroom. Every place-In which a Chinese pe-ison is engaged Jn laundry woi'k  ivas made a factory or woi'-Crooni.  Laundries, in which four'persons arc  empla>-ed, ivere maiJe factories o-  wortcrooms, excepblng only laundries  carried on" by charitable institutions.  Power to extend the operations ot the  factories portions of the net to eoun-  THE BIRDERS' BALL.  The members of the Bakers' union  may .he strong on dougih, 'but when  It comes to organising and running a  ball they certainly are no "dough-  heads."  Wednesday night in O'Brien's hall  thla union held ilts lli-st niuuiiil ball,  and it proved to ibe one of the nioit  successful of the season. Nearly 300  persons'were ipiesent and judging from  the expiesslon .upon their faces seoined  to 'bo enjoying It to the utmost.  Among the many present the following is a partial list, us near as oui  hired man could get at it: Mr. and  JIrs. D. S. Wllband. Mr. and atis. J.  H. Watson and daughters. Mr. and  Mrs. Geo. Isaacs, the Misses Jersle,  Oeorgie and Ada Hansom, XV. 3. Cltrke,  Miss Harland, .Mr. and Mrs. 0. H.  Taylor, iMre. Dumpsey, Mr. amd Mis.  XV. G. Taylor, A. XV. Talt, Miss QUIun.  V.*. Sharp, A. Austin, Mrs. Miu-tln, T.  Simpson, Miss E. Ai-aiftioilg, It. Garii-  si>n, Miss Hughes, II. iM. Abbott. A.  Madill, Miss Norgood, H. MuKis'-ock,  Miss  MaKIssock,    the ' Misses   War.l,  ker, Wmi. Jordan and Mesdames Carlisle, Tidy, lloran, Gill, Clegg, 1. iii;.-r.  Jordan. 01 r. Win. F. I'indlny Is nustei-  of ceromonlcs and !���'. A. Lester Ls sos-  retaiy. Ucynold's orehestia will tur-  p.lsh music. Of couiie cvei-yone Juiou.t  with this array cf support l'.ie alfair  will be a grand one.  A COltHECTION.  In the icpoit or the piocedlngf of  the la.it niiec-tiiig of the Tiades and  Labor council, the state.nent nhould  have read that the p.-lnteis hid trouble  ,\\>lth eeitaln "non-union men,��� ln.-,tead  of "shops. '  ON HiS HOUNDS.  Miss Bonner, iMr. and Mrs. 'C. J. Sal-  tieswus given to the governor-in-coun-1tei'. Mi-s. Walton, Mr. and Mi-s. Bartle,  ell.    Every person malking clothing or  ���wearing apparel (including boots and  shoes} for tirade or sale outPlde a factory or workroom was required to send  his  or her  name and address  to  bhe  chief inspector of factories.    Provision  was   {mule   for   the   appointment   of  special 'boaids to fix  the lowest price  or -wage to  be paid for ma'kmg  any  mntlclq of clothing or wearing apparel  ('including boots and shoes), furniture,  and for bread-making cr baking.   Excepting   the    furniture    board,   11-111011  ���was to be appointed, by the govei-nor-  ln-council.  such   boards    were    to  he  pleated    by    bhe   employers    and  employees eng'aged In the manufacture of  the  iin-ticle.s,  for  malking    11111011    the  board is to flx the price.   In default of  such an election the governor-in-coun-'  til iwms to uippoint tlie meuibere ot the  board. ' Each  boaid   was   required   lo  elect a(clr.iii man (not a member) within  fourteen days, and if this was not done  the goVornor-in-councIl was to appoint  a chairman.  . (To be  continued.)  FOUll 'MILLIONS INCREASE.  W. F. IloberUon, provincial mine,--  .��� legist, lui-i iprepaied an estimate of  .' .o miiieial output of the province for  liitfl. The figures aie most encouraging and1 carefully compiled, showing,  ns they do. an estimated increase of  over tA,000,000. The bulletin issued by  -bhe mineralogist, which" Is addressed  to the minister or mines, says that this  estimate is bahcd upon actual return-  of a number ot the mines, and fiom  those mines not making .returns, the  returns (tie based upon then- approximate known tonnage. Mr. Itobertson  is a painstaking o.IUer and his report  may be rolled upon as being as neir  light as it  Is possible to make It.  Every union imin knows his duty.  (Patronize merchants who gjlve union  men iproper t-onslderatioir. Closing at  6 o'iclook Is in order for retaill stores.  It's up to the union imen to enforce It.  Call for the union clerk's card nnd de-  manfl union-made goods.  A Legal Factory  was ieduced fium fix to four; but by  tihat blnie���thanks to the revelations  brought about'by antl-sweatiing agitation���ipubHe leellng was thoi-oiigl.ly  aroused; the principle of m fixed minimum wage, WHICH SHOULD III-: A  LIVING WAGE, had been adoplc I,  both iby a resolution of bhe lower hou.se  ot parliament, dealing with go\eminent  workiieniple, and by the metropolitan  board of'Worits for'Melbourne, and the  mil of 1MII) was not accepted c\en as a  stop-gap. A fur (bolder and more thorough-going incisure was di lifted by  Mr. Peacock, now prime mlnlstei of  the colony, .and, 'after a sharp strangle  Villi the legislative council, bicaine  law on the 1st Octdlier, IMil). lu no  other colony, at least nt that tlm.',  coinld such ia. niea.^uro have become law,  ami only the Melbourne newspapers'  courugeous exposui-e of the "inventing"  that had been going on year after year  ln that' city and elsewhere In Victoria,  coriiimied by the evidence given before  a board of Inquiry in 18IKI, and backed  by bhe agitation of the Vlctoriiin Anti-  THE 11LACK CAT.  Theie Is one 'publisher with whom  name and fame of a writer count for  absolutely 'nothing, iwith .whoin merit  alone governs, .with whom tlie unknown  has an equnl chance with the well-  ���known���niul that is the publish?! of  The Black Cat. who will pay over $10,-  000 In pilzes ranging fiom $100. to S.'.IOO  for the best short stories submitted  befoie,Feb. 26, 1002. No story will, however, be considered unless sent according to the conditions printed in The  i51ack"i;at~(>i-.mailed free" by Tlie~ShonT  story Publishing Company, Do-sion,  Ma.ss. If you have n good story don't  be ashamed  to send it along.  MOLDEItS lOLI'XT OFFICERS.  At the last regulnr meeting of Iioi  .Molders' union, No. 2S1, held Tuesday  evening, Jan. _)lst, the following oflicers were elected for the ensuing temn;  President, Clin lies. Itremihley: vice-  president, .lames WeMi: reconllng-see-  retary, XV. D. McLean; llnaiKial-tcjci-.'-  tary, Andrew Wilson: coiTespondliig  repi'esoiitatlve, illugli 'Orr; ticasurer.  Uhi>til>o.i Miirsliind; Inductor, Dave  Faulkes; dnoiikceper, Oliniics I'lle-ii-  Innd; trustees. Hugh Orr, Uheuhi'ii  Marsland nnd W. D. McLean; delegntis  to Tradei and Labor Council, Hugh  Oir, Chailes lireuchley.  ���nen Baker, of Oswego, N. Y��� who  for many years had .been prominent In  laibor clivles, has ibeen elected nwi-yor of  thnt city by a big majority. The demand for Mor throughout the ��tate of  New York Is paiitloulai-ly good, especially  in   Hie  printing line.  F. Vincent, 'Miss U. Dodd1, XV. J.mes  Miss Ireton, F. Haw, Mrs. Austin, XV.  H. Lustier, .Miss L. Lutey, W. A. Scott.  Mrs. Share,, C. D. Nunn, Miss J. Ma.*-  tin, XV. Weiss, Miss C. Jonsc-n. Mr. IKId-  yard. Mrs. Johnston, J. Murray, Ml..��  Morgan, F. XV. Kent, T and J. Barnwell, Mr. Ai-misha.w, and from New  Westminster, 'Mr. Marks, Mi-s. Bakei,  W. Baker, Jos. .Maitell and a nun_!;e:-  of otheis.  ���The 'first ipart of the programme was  a concert. Mr. J. H. Watson imadc an  eflicient chairman and tine followi.-g  particicpated: Song. She Is tlo.id  Enough iorlMe, G. A. 'Nelson: Highland  dance, UIlss Belle Ireton; song, M>  Money Never Gives Out, S. Johnston;  club swinging, Jas. Spelling; sonj;.  Mulligan Guaids, Bonner Bros.: Highland fling, the Misses Watson: ionn.  While llie Dance Goes On. G. A. Nelson; song. When Mr. Shakespeare  Comes to Town. Mr. Walsh: soag,  Ain't That a Shame, Mr. Ttobi:<sin,  piano solo,  MKs Lottie Oben.  After the concert the moit interesting pin t ot the whole evening th^n took  place���supper. Under the skilltul management of Mr. Oben and his as.-i-si-  ants the tables had been 'Drought lo  such a. high state oi pciiection a1-  would tempt the crankiest dy.speplv.  After all was finished the wreck wil  nwlul.  And then .King Terpl_,cho: e tco\  connnand "and bright the light shone  on fair women and brave man," and lie  male wall floweis weie .sine becauso  they could not enjoy ihe niaizy walU.  But the dance was kept up until :>.:!n  a. m. and then the weet inuldens and  their escorts stalled for home, the latter wondeiing if thej could make t!u-  olilce or shop on  tune.  There  were prizes for ncai ly eveiything. iini the best one of the lot���ihe  Ui-sloiey cake���'hasn't  been called  for  yet.     The   prize   drawing   resulted   ns  follows.   1st, No. 201, not claiineJ; 'J.id.  No. S3,  Mrs. Geo.  Isaacs: :inl,  No. 2"i  not claimed.   .Prize wallz���lsi. Mr. and  .Mi-s.   W.  (r.   Taylor:  2nd.  C.   D.   Nunn  -and  Miss .1.  Martin; ;ti d,  XV. J. Clai'i.e  and -Miss Harland.   Prize two-step���AV.  A'bbotl and'Ml.s-s G. Austin. The judg.-s  were Messrs. Wnlband, Dunn. MiK-ken-  rot.   Baker  and    Kent.    Hatpin's  o-  che.stra  supplied  its u-*unl  good dimi <  music.   The selection for the two-step-  Coon-Can���.ivns -wi-itten-by-E.-Bei vlll.���  formeily ;i leader of New AA'estinliwe  'band,  and dedicated  to  his  friend,   i:  Uhance,  of  this city.    The    ilcor,    o  course,   was ably    handled   by  W.   I"  l-iitidl.iy and his nmistnnt,  IJ. S   Jl-.r  tin.  The ciedlt  for all  the evening's e:i-  lerinliimeiiL  originally   belongs   to  ihe  very    Industrious.. committee    of  the  linkers, eom'poscd as follows:   Win. H.  Haines,   chairman;    S.   Walker,  mh-iv  tiny;   AV.   Anderson,   C.   WHlband,   c!  .MacLiiicn, C. .1. Salter. J. iVasd de, .1  A. Nelson, F. Moyles, W. Wood nnd F  Hurtle.  Harrison HIver is one of the bi Igbtesl  and busiest little towns in tills prav-,  ince. I was pleased to meet Mr. My-  eis, an old 'Vancouveiiie. He Is fore-  m-in of the fnctoiy of the Hanifon  Mills, TIm'bor an<] Trading l.'.mpaa,-,  which is one of the largest eencuns In  t'he Interior. .Voout 23 witiie men and  10 Japs are employed. This speak* well  for the imanog&ment, who a.e willing  at all times to employ none but white  labor, which cannot readily lie obtained licie. The mien employed hy thin  enlenprising flrmi, who aie all a fine  let of fellows, seemingly happy and  satisfied, spenile well or the 'place, and  partieuUily o!   Ihe .'irm.  Han ison 'boasts of a .flrst-class hotel,  besides a general store. i.Mr. D. Gal-  biaith is- proprietor, and he keeps  thing-s in good shape. He studies the  interests of-his custcinei->, is miBi  Obliging and ccuiteous in the tieatment  of his many patrons.  Acio��s the river there Js a Urge  shingle mill m course cf conduction,  the owners of which aie the Chilliwack  Maiuifactuiing compamy. The dally  output, will be about To.OOl) shingles.  I had the pleasure of meeting .Mr. A.  Duncan and Mr. F. Mclntee, toieman  ot the section. They nad a good wci-a  for The Independent, and are hlghly  esteeured by their felluw workmen. Mr.  .1 nines Word, the C. V. K. a^iu lie!..-,  is a very popular and eflicient .-n vant  or the company, b-ing at all times most  obliging and' courteous to all with  whom he h.;.-, bu*ine?.-<' dealings.  Ta'klng.everythingr intu tunsaleiation  llarii.-on has aibilglu future, ai.d no  doubt will grirtv beyond the expectations of the moat sangu.no resident.  PliUBAI'MN'S BALL.  Invlintlons nre out for th" I'oniili  .lnninil ball and supper which will i e  given iby the Vancouver Firemen's  Benefit Association. The function will  he held In the city hnll on Tluii-sday  evening. February .1th. lihe honorary  recoptilon committee Is Ills Worship  i.Mnyor Neelunds audi the olvlivlli-e coiu-  .nilttee. The reception c-ommitlee coin-  prlsc. l>eskles Chief Carlisle, Thos. Tidy,  Cn.pt. iMoran, A. GUI. A. Clegg. C. Bir-  LMission City is quite a railway town.  Business 'is good and ipiospt-c-t.-. en-  cuui.igi.ig. Tiu-re aie a n-jinurr oi  good stores, and the hotel accomn.o-  daticii is nil rhat can le de.-iicd. T'ie  lev.d'.ng ho.-tehy is the Uellevue ilous-;.  This hotel lias all the latest and modern imp-u\��.<.iucr.is to bo found in the  laigest cliies. It has hot and cold water, electric lighting i-ml a regular water s-jstem all its own. the -Mijiply ol'  water coming, us it does, liom up  above tlie site of the hotel, is e.-p.al to  bint sujipl.td in Vancmei, which is  saying a. BOoJ deal. Mi. Windubaiik.  an Australian, wlio has been in this  countiy lor many y^a-s. is the pro-  piictor. juid what he doe< not know-  about ruiini.-.g hofl.? is not woitli  knowing.  The cieanieiy is another gicwlns industry ihat Is worthy ot meni'on. Besides butter-making on the latest Im���  1'ioied .plan, canning of vanoiis Kinds  ia canied  on  extensively.  Among the numerous ti lends I have  met may ie mentioned Mi. .bums McLaughlin, foreman ol the bi >dge eiew,  who Is a veiy busy min. Iikewl e his  ___!_e-W-_i��h(i_au^_i|l_lii-st-cla��s_viii-k-nicn.���  They are at piesent loeit d h re. I  iilso met Mis. McLaughlin, a very  .I'liii-.hle lady, and Miss M.-Liiiiuhlln.  who is a promising young lady cr ihree  suinmers. I'm sine there Is not -a belle  in Vancouver so well thought ,>f. Foreman V. 3. Mcllioy amd his stalwart  gang .ue Ward at woik on a long  nestle a  few miles below  Mission.  I also met our old friend. Mr. J. P..  Hunter, who l�� a highly esteemed gen-  lle.inan in these parts. He Is pleasVI  wilh The In.lependent, a.nd, iby the  way, all the railroad boys, as well as  milieus, speak eiicoui.iglngly of the Oliver.  'Mr.'Pliinniilge, the genial stoi-e-koeip-  er of 'M'lsslon. 'keeps a general store,  and his wares are the 'best llie market  affords. He Is loud In his praises ot  Mission.  The C 'P. *R. employaes are very  accommodating, and aire at all times  most willing to Impart Informiatlon and  help one out of his difficulties.  HOHACE WILLIAMSON.  Advertise In The Independent.  \ THE INDEPENDENT.  SAmUKDAT CTANTJART 18, 19��2  nventory Shoe Sale  "Wo are going to take inventory on January 13th, and  wc have too many shoos and for the next ten days wo will  clear out all broken lines at one-third to one-half below  their value.  Don't miss this opportunity.  W. ti* QRR, 420-422 Westminster Ave  Know dell & Hodgson  512 Granville St., Vancouver.  Dealers in  StoH'S. Ranges, Throw,  (.runiieww, Cutlery aud  (IciicrallUmsdiivnisliiiigs  Trices right. Call and wis for yourselves.  MAIL ORDERS receive prompt attention.  PeUrey, Watson, Morton, as well as  others; [or their untiring services in  'the cause. I have been a member of  ���tin.- old nationalist association which  brought out Robt. .Macpherson and was  successful In his election. The iLabov  party should follow our example, mvl  If 'tliey do 1 will become a. member and  help on the good work. AVishlng Tho  IiKliSpeijdfnt and Labor party every  success.  I ���remain. J. SIMPSON*.  V.mci u\cr, Jan. 1��'.,  I'.'Oi.  SEWS OF THE LABOR WORLD  LETTERS TO TIIE EDITOR.  FiaHERMEN'S  TROUBLES.  To tlie Editor of Tin: Indei'K.sdk.nt:  Sir,���The many readers oC.your up-  4-9-da'te ipaiper, .with perhaps one or two  '; exceptions, ��� will eaj-   no   apology   13  taecessarj* lor agalsi tefeurlng Io S_fi<S  xnitling out ot the local nillltia to Ste*  a-eston during tJilTflSliehnen's " laiwful  strike In MOO.   1 say lawful advisedly,  *8jecause neither 'tihe' (person or ipropeny  *tt any canneryma.ii or citizen was injured or threatened Iby union    flsher-  *ikii.    Although -the public.   Inive de-  Wfcindeil saiti.sfaction and -pI'uilsliiiient of  y'-tlva iparliies  wlio sanctioned' and \\vV#  7 msiponsi'bie for' the, to su.y the least of  at", cowardly,  unpatriotic aot, no satis-  ffaictionihas yet 'been given  the public,  tfurtliw   than itihe  words ol". a   certain  influential iM.  P., who denounced  the  calling out oC the militia on this occasion ins a most ignoble act.   But ivords  '.only ���are cheap 'goods wlien something'  more substantia, ds demanded.   To dis-  .-', auiss .from    .public .service,    men   who  *��yt>uld, prostitute 'tih'eli-: official position  \\> further   the .'barbarous, schemes  of  iiajiltulfcls is;as light a punishiiient����s  .   ,��W : Injured  public . can expect .of  Us  "���ftowrai'ment.   No matter how .miucii 'the  * tnttlueni-e of interested caipitalists may  be ���wHio'iivpnk hand in glove -with their  willing stools 'an!d0sacik to keep tlieni in  gtoveriiiiient .positions . for   their    own  twrneiflt, irtien occasion flnds tihe posi-  ���'���' timi   useful..,.Perhaps.; I   could   bring  ;7this  cowardly  outragewgiilnst  Ciinii-  ". dian wdiite'Wlx>i' home to your readers  .better by '.'Illustration,   .not   changing  *M.ts, however, bint .names only.   Sup-  _ S��oee our worthy M. P. P.,  Mr.-Kidd,  ������' '"' was ft" Ifishyrman voitrthe Fraser ��� river  ; at .the time of .the7strlke, and ihis son  Snthe (militia. .��� 'We.' can  easily fancy  how Mr.  Kidd would  regard  those in  authority, .ivho 'sanctioned   tlie .calling  out of the militiawltih "shoot to kill"  orders.   Would it Ibe natural Tor a son  to  shoot  his  ifatlher   or   a   father  to  tibkxrt ;.his son, or    brother,   to Shoot  torattier,  or friend,   to   .shoot   'friend?  ,'������'.;- 'Would it  not have' .been  more  likely  wnd natural, if a "scrip :.lrad occurred.  .that Wie 'tyrants, ivlho were .responsible  .    ' for bniiiging men together under such  1-iciraumstanoes,  would 'be  tihe ifli-st   to  tarn up  their toes on  the  Steveston  ;������'.,.; eideivailks.   In.view of ithe ibloodcurd-  timg reports -sent from   SteTeston  to  Vancouver  by  professional  liars  that  murder and Woodshed was oit daily oc-  '������������' omrence; that tine village was full, of  ===== Siot>os--f rom^the^Ameri^ian^-Slde^t h it  least calculation   Olvinamen   got   flOty  cents a 'case on 'the paelc, or the sum  of four 'hundred  and   'fifty    thousand  dollars ts iput Into.,tlhe pockets of Chl-  naiiien. and practicably .put out of circulation, so far as -white lalbor is con-  cerneVl,., and   by   virtue  of  a  coivtraot  and agreement ibstiveen Chinamen and  caiierynfcn  not one dollar  can  go  to  white lalbor, only    by .paying   second  fiddle  lo   'Chinamen.    Jap   (fishermen  ipi-01.i_l.ly get as much more, so tihat  the amount paid 'directly to 'white* labor is a mere Ibagatelle when you out  out the 'princely salaries paid: to high  scheming   officials   who; have, nothing  more  Important  to  do    'than    Kign  a  cheque 'fpr tilieir own; sinlary, an'd see'  that .tlie cannery 'Iswetl su-*,.:!!?*. 'V.'1.*.!'.  Ohin__n.en, and    a. disgustingly ..large  proportion of Japs In ithe Ashing boats  and general all-round wire-pullingwith  politicians, and  to hatch  the. schemes  that months  of  idleness will produce,  and with .the same .result.   As , we-" see  it .the wihole 'canning industry as con-  duicte'd  on Uhe Fraser  river is a very  menace -to tlho Ipeaoe of 'this- province.  It has .eeaused two strikes already, and  "a,third is iii -sight. ' Canners w,ho .jvlll  form   themselves   into  niv.association,  defy, all action :of  the   'toiling, white  masses if con'trary to_ their 'selfish interests, and we. are told bhe legislature  as -well.. /While ive hear of many hard  up*-white workingmen. we hear of out  Chinese salmon packer contractor, ivho,  last;year, cloared thirty, thousand Hollars, and is now 'in control of Frase'r  river.canneries. ,aien: and Women, readers of. Tlheliidependont, 'how long will  you .remain inactive, iwiiiile: your sons  and.slaughters, 'brothers and sisters and  friends are 'being crowded out of every  in'il'ustr'y.:  in. this   fair . province,-.' and  Asiatics fill their pofjltions in lijhls out  Canada.. Mir:'Editor, I thought only to  ���write'ot ithe strike and calling' out of  the  inilitla -when  I began  this letter,  but as many associate 'evils keep staring., one in .the n'ace and ' cry; out;: is  ^thei-e'; rib reiried'y?    Are our legislators  iliopelessly .under .the influence of capitalists 'Who  gralb. all; they can hold,  Wien.teil  tlhe working .people to go ..to  ���h���; such are some modern caipitalists.  If, ..Mr. .Editor, you will 'let me quote  a few  lines   from' a  white  fisherman  syiiiipa,t,his_er, I -will! at least ibegln an'd  end ithls letter ���with  the subject first  thought of:  All respect to the men -who took part  in the 'StrlKe.  How  noble .the cause .for wihlch  they  did 'tight!  A fair price for salinon they souglht .to  the life and. property of citizens w-ero  tn danger, and all sorts of sensational  ilea known to that class of people .to  deceive, and did deceive, the millti.i-  <uen. Bo while ive may condemn the  actions ot tihe government and its  agouls and all others who did assent  to tlhuia unnecessarily callln'g out the  mltillu, with all its cnushlng effect'on  Canallian ne.ntlment. ,we must say. ia  JUHtlce to the multilumen, and their  ofllcers that In view of the uln ruling  reponUr from Steveston that nil Oiouor  jnid praise Is due them for so <|iiiokly  aind nobly responding to Ihe 'bugle call  _a the inidtilKht lliour, and on'e thought  .way could be .uppermost in their mliuli"  awl Shut victory or death. The excol-  Jenil Hiehavlour of .the men while on  duty (hero proves to u�� the good loyalty  of Utile Canadian mllltla Is .now as ever  ���unitalnteO, and much as caipitalists and  their tools may desire 111111111;/ shall  . mover ��ee the Canadian militia Shoot at  the breakl-wlnners of Canadian children.  There is Just one Hem I may mention iln connection with this last season's .pack of salmon on the Fra��?r  .river, which . Is somefhln'g over'.; nine  Jtiuulred  thousand canes, and   at the  obtain,  And control of our riches with Canadians remain.  'bhe eatinerymen have    no loyalty to  spare;  So for degraded cheap .labor they .hunt  ���everywhere.  Japan and China's .citizens they glatily  favor,  But,turn the cold shoulder .-to Canadian  white ila'bor.  ���WORKMAN.  Steveston, Jan. 14.,-VJ02.  of  THiH 'I;AI10R PARTY.  To tlie Editor uf The Indki'BMDkmt.  Sir,���It muRt'be a great source  gratification ito the Lalbor party ito at  ln��t realize that it Is a 'factor In this  province. I remember'.well how.earnest and sincere, how .faithful and en-  ergotic, those w-hom we considered to  be our leaders worked ,a.t .the last pro-  vinclull elections to return the indepen  dent ���candidates, Messrs. Williams and  ���Dixon. We .then polled a very creditable vote .ur-dw the clTCumatanoss.  Besides yourself, iMr.' Editor, the  tlhanlca of the iworWngimen of this city  aTiedue to Messrs.   WlUllairhs, Dixon,  Canadian.  The stereotyp'TS of AVInnlpig have  organliit'd.  Hanilltim g(>t one labor candidate ln  for alderman.  Steps are 'being taken to organize a  co-operative society in, Winnipeg.  'The lalbor iparty of 'Kingston ivo'-a  not successful in electing any of uh��lr  candidates.   ���  IF..Archibald and F,. Oiles halve been  elected president and secretary of the  Plumbers' union of Winnipeg.  William Scott, president of the Winnipeg I>a'bor 'party Coi- four years, lias  ���retired, illr. Scott 'has done yoeman  service aim* is entitled to a well-earned rest.  '. The Winnipeg 'branch of the Letter  Carriers' association has .uiemoralizod  ���tlhe 'postmaster-general on that little  milliter of 20 par cent, increase,-the substance of which was promised last year.  The Winnipeg Trades Council voted  $2il towards tlie expense of attempting  once more to .put the Union Label bill  tlhrougih the 'house of commons and s-en-  uto. Typographical Union, No. 01, of  Toronto, also voted $10 toward the  sam'e end on Saturday night last.  The Toronto 'Bai'tendei's' .union is  now an accoii.plls_.nad fact, a.nd the  union, man will'he .known Iby the "button, wihlch he may, by the ruiles of the  union, 'wear In a prominent place.  There are over 400 of the whlte-apronecf  men iin Toronto.: Harry Finch has  been chosen 'President, a.nd Arthur  Hooney "recording' secretary.  .Last Sunday the .regular monthly  meeting of Greenwood Typographical  Union, 'No."858, .was ihekl a't Phoenix,  lii'emlhers coining u|p ; the hill from  Grand Forks and Greenwood to at-  , tend. Tlhe .jurisdiction of ithe union Ls  the 'entire-Boundary country. In coi-  nectio'ii'W'itfhthe monthly business inicet-  ing the Jfiret annual !ba.n,(iuet 'was'held  at ithe. Dominion house. -President -Me-  Intyre. ot the Grand Fonks News, -prs-  si'ded, and 'the usual toasts weie 'proposed and responded to. .'Mine host  Crillis "Set OUt .1 WOst.attractive.menu,  to which full justice/was done by the  typographical experts.  The AVinnipeg Labor..party has endorsed tiie . action ' of the : 'Rossland  Trades and Labor 'council in urging  kindred organizations and working m?n  generally to'������ .refrain', from patronizing  the various manufacturing a.nd llna.n-  cial lstitu'tions controlle'd by the C-ood-  eiinim 'syndicate���on atiqount of tholr  oppressive treatment and antagonistic  -attitude to union lalbor. The principal  concerns indicated' are. .as (follows:  Goodeiiha.nl & ��� Wonts, ��� (distillers) and  \helr iproducts, the illanufacturers' Life  Insurance Company, -��� of Toronto, of  ���whioh Mr. George GooJcrhnm is presi-  Wonl, and t'he Bank of Toronto.  The Cariboo .Freighters' Protective  association have elected the 'following  officers ifor the ensuing.year:,' President. H. P. Lewis; vice-president, W.  II. Smith; secretary, Stuart Henderson;  treasurer, D. IMunphy; 'committee, D.  Spiutt, G. Couvrette, A. Switzer, J.  Skinner, E. Dougherty and Al. Focault.  The following motions were also car-  ���riekl' .iby them: 1. If teams refuse '.o  load iln their turn tihey must go Ibehlnd  those already iln. unless there is sulli-  "cl0nt_reiu>on-givfii-to-the-satlsfaotion  of the committee .for isuoh iretusal. 2.  That freight shall not be hauled by  union .freighter!, for anyone not a mem-  ���ber of tihe union to 'help him out with  slolgh  loads.  The executive of t'he Ttoaslanil 'Miners' union ihave (protested against his  report as unfair to the minora of Brit  Ish Colunilbla, iu.iDapu.ty .MlnlRter King  by'his reliance upon 'the Information  evidently furnished him fiy>iu Kou-n-eH  ���unfriendly to the 'labor organizations  has lieen led to unako statemonls absolutely 'Untrue in regard to the Htiike  situation    .In    Ilosoland.    The    letter,  wililoh Is addresed to 'Hon. Mr. 'Mulock,  also says that Mr. Kin's ignores the  (liicstlon of aliens entirely In his roport  In the Laibor Gazette.   He Is particular  to exppewr every -minor detail of the  Kituatlon given Mm iby the mine tna/n  .altera, "but neglects to state thnt the  managers openly told him they could  ifill   the mines   iwlth   Americans and  evade the alien  labor act.    Hnd   the  diepa/rtmeret fulfilled ,Mr. King's .promises and enforced this law 'the strike  would Jiaire ended at onoe.,  W1HAT DO YOU THINK? ���  We hare received from Rev. Chas.  Stelzle, of Markham' iMemorial Presbyterian church, St. Louis, -Mu., the  letter and questions which appear b*>-  low. They are iprintcd in full, so ithat  our reailers who are Interested 0.111  forward replies to St. Louis if thoy  wish:  "My 'Dear Sir,���About a year ago I  sent letters to about 200 labor leaders,  linking thein to.give me the benellt of  their ((bsirvations concerning the relation of 'the 'woiiklngman toward the  ohm-Hi. The unHivere received were  published In tlhe form of nu composite  letter, in an   eastern    magazine,    and  nerved as 'a ibasls of a series ot nd-  ,'  dresses, iwilik'h ii'tlracted svlde tit'.entlo'i  throughout the country.  "The worklngman's attitude toward  the church was made clearer, and, I  am sure, Wie -'Whole matter created a  moi-e sympathetic feeling toward 'the  workiiigmaii among .'thinking people.  As a former .machinist and a preacher  with the Interests of the workingman  ut'heart, this nesult was gratifying to  the writer.  "It wiui stated almost unanimously  by those who 'wrote to nie, that the  church, as at present constituted, does  not appeal te the'workingman. Lhaive  ibeen prompted to send on t :the enclosed  series of.questions, 'hoping to find out.  if possible, just what kind of an .organisation .would appeal to tho best  Instincts of the .overage wonklngman.  "I sincerely hope. ilihnt tihe iresponse  to itih'ls letter 'Will 'be as cordial as that  w.lvlOIi followed fihe one sent out last  year. Will you kindly help me in this  matter? Your replies .will 'be considered' confidential. , Fraternally yours,  "OHJART.ES 'STELZLK."  ���1. Do you thin'k that a church managed exclusively by woilkingmen and  ���for ' wurlc-lngmon .'.would' .attract ..this  olass of tollers? If not. please stute  it-he reason.  ���2. Wlhiit ikind Of >a society,. In' your  opinion, iwould aiccomplish the things  for wihlch the t-lnirch is supposed to  stand? ,  :i. Please outline n. croed or a system or bt-llef, for the guidance of sucm  a society, covering, as nearly as possible, the l'ollo',vi-ig points:  (a) Its relation 'toward God.  Ob) The relation of Its inenvbers one  toward anothc r.  (c) The relation of the society to the  ���world.  ��� YOU'LL NEED MEAT 4  ��� Before long now. The best heaters made ^-  j^ ���tho cheapest to buy and the m6st eco- ���  v iiomical to use are the j^'  ��� i<F>il^i^ll^l"   AIE-TIGHTS AND     %.  |6��rA^lWUa BASE   BURNERS.      %  ��� made by the McClary Mfg. Co. ^'  ��� Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. |  A SOLE AGENT A.  McLennan,  McFeely ���� Co*  "WiHOIiBSAIiEl AND RETAID  DBAI^BRS   IN  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE! PROMPT 'AJTOEJNTTION.  Oiir Big" January Ole'araince Sale of Suits and Overcoats must  prove most Interesting to all. ' .(  If( yoii 'have ibeen, contemuplating the purchase of a new Suit or  Overcoat, you nre lucky Indeed to have iput it off until nOw.  Even If you had not thought lt necessary���just yet���It will certainly ipay you to avail yourself of our.splendid offer.  Suits that were $8.50 to $21.50, sate price $6.50 to $15.50  Overcoats that were $8.50 to $18.50, sate price $6.50 to $12.50  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT if* CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., 0|>|>. Win. Ralph's  KELLY, DOUGLAS in CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  ��jgT Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  ���7 AS. TO SOCIALISM.XXX "yyi:  , Your ''class conscious" revolutionary  babble means seotariani.���T,7irapotent,:  personal jealousies of .'little.\lealder_i,  aiiiall me'etiiigs.:on street corners and.a  great deal of ���hatred.   Otherwise'lib.results.   Oiir Bernstelnlsin and ouiv'-ipalli-  atlves"  mean   constant; mght'; in the  unions, in the wards;' In -the1 imU'iilclpaj-  ities, in the .legislatures, in ^iiort e'v'ery:-  whei-e, and every, tl me..;, We do .not* expect the imlllenlum In (three months or  In; tihree .j'eais, Ibut ive .are,-willing, to  fight for socialism and socialistic meas-  ures^'and liiiprove, the condition, of tihe  inasses:i'at' all  tintes,. no;-matter how  long It -..tallies anldi howllttle'we accom-  plish at'a single.tirhe.   ffllany other socialist ipaipers- give a hearts' amen  to  these .ideas..  What is called by many  l-'-'sclontlllc socialism" is only on'eipha.se  of the .great -world .moveiiient, ".which  sooner or 'later will lift itihe ��� whole human race onto a higher level.    Nor Is  it .necessary 'that one.- should 'be class  conscious 'In order to ibe a good worker  in WUs gnaat mo\ieinent wihlch lakes in  memlbers from all classes, .welcomes all  wiho will come and rejects none who are  ready to ihelp.���Burley Co-operator.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are gnar-  anued to restore falling appetite and  oorreer. any kind of stomach trouble.  50 c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co.  We are now in our new store  409 Hastings Street (next  to Oben's) with a full line  of  CROCKERY,  Ot,ASS\VARE,  GEANITEWAUE.  TINWARE,  .LAMPS,  STOVES AND  GENERAL HOUSB  yFURNISHINllS.  R. 0.-BUCB1ANAN&C��.  CUOCKEltY AM) lltlllsK 1-,CIIN1SIIIN(.'(,  Toleptioiio �� 1-5. 109 Hii-Hiiic- siieci.  ��� ��������������������������� �������������������  _k  The Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  everyone.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  When you want to hire a flrst-ol&sa  horse^and^buggyi . go to the Palace  livery (tables.  Telephone 126.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  t Wishing the  Citizens of Vancouver  a Prosperous  New Year_^��-  ���we again want, it known that  we nro still doing business at the  old stand mid invito you to make  us a call.  Get prices, note quality nml be  happy for 11)02.  FORD'S GROCERY  Tel. 728.   25 Hastings St. C.    t  ��AVfW   THEATRE  McDoNEM. & Sisirsos- .'Proprietor!).   .  Ai.r. P. Jamk, Staue Mnuagcr.  '   Week Commencing  Monday, Next  Artistic and Refined Vaudeville.  EVERY ACT A FEATURE.  Tbe Balmoral'  . . MAIIK8 A SPRCIAWY OF . .  o    Deifs special Liqueur, Also ��� ���  o    ustiei's Block iom Liqieurmffi).  -LARGE STOCK OF-  '     IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  ... Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props..  Coinee Cordova and cahraix."  ���������������������������������������;���  " :   GEO. HAY   : %  i  Vancouver's   Pioneer    Clothes     ^m\���  (   Renovator, makes a suit new.     J^  % Dyeing and Repairing. ^,.  A 216 Cambie St., Vakcouvek.        ^m ,  I  Drink Red Cross Boor, the bepr. that's  pure, 75�� pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Uold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  Try a bottle of Kisen Port, the sun  shine of California, SOcboille, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 74U Ponder Btreet.  C. Kllis, corner Cnlnbio and Cordova street9, is tho place you can get  your huir cut in un iirtbtic manner.  Ihe Mint  Is   the  new   saloon  at  the  corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets. .Case  goods are the best, and the prices O. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 vents.'  AdvertiBC in The Independent.  Pioneer  for alt.that  te  Stands  for alt.  is best in  Laundry  Work  A trial will  brove it.  Pbone.346.  PARIS GRBEJN. HBIjLEBORB  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for tht ex-  termination of the CUT WORM.and  other lnfleota���for eale by the McDowell, Atkins, Wtutson Company, Tho  Drutmtoto,' Vancouver.  Steam Laundry  PnoNR 346. 910 -1)14 Richards 8t  Dow.ntown -Okkick,: No. 4 Ahcadk.  WIIITt   HILP UNIT.  Pacific Bottling  Imborter* and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  For tha next SO-dnys you enn get a suit at*,:,  your own'price at  THE. ACME  To introduce our new lyitera ot till��iltl a��-  ' lore our Full StookMrlvea.  KGcarfltliStx.  -��.��� L Hstiewl. Cotter,  f  -\  :<M  i  m  MsSM^MMMBMmjm^^^^^ ii^___ir__a__a_��__  I  .1  i  .    i  i  '" i.  ill  i��  KM  i  SfillSCtUPTlGS $1.25 A YEAR  Wage-earners should sub- o>  scribe, because this paper  ia published as their organ.  B. C. PERHASEST IM A.\I>  SAVINGS CD;  Authorized CnpilHl    -    flOOOv.POO  Subscribed OupKul   -   -    l,Si��..0CO  AwUenver iiHi.imj  Head Oil ill' H>1 Cuinblc Street, Vancouver, 11. c.  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATUKDAY, JANUARY 25, 1902.  NO 18  THE CIVIC SOLONS.  Tlioso present at Monday night's  meeting ot the City Council were:  Mayor Neelunds oiiul Aid. Ill own, Foie-  man, Ur. McUulg.ui, Wilson. McQueen,  Wylie, Coolc, Holhliue. Aid-elect Skene  vus in tlie audience.  .Among .tiho long list of let ton. read by  the City  Clerk  was one  l'l-oin  W.   11.  - Itoss, ooiuphiinlng of the wny he waa  treated by the imllce and City Cleric.  3lo only wanted his tights aa a liritish  .subject, anil suggested meeting His  Wontidp or leave the matter to arbiti-u-  tlon before going to law*.  Ttuo   clerk���I haven't spoke to the  auuu for a year.  Jill'. Hoss���Your vvoreMp, may I be nl-  - Solved to speak. He says ltihat tie didn't  *y>eak to ine for a year.   Now ,  Tihe Mayor���Not at present .  ,     J��r. Ross���All right  Aid. Cook���Two niontlis ago the City  _Kn��lneer v\nb asked to report on certain drains across ithe C. P. li. track  (dm Carrall street? - '  Engineer Tracey���IC I make a plan  *>T any particular street, the city solicitor will take it and make a test case.  A plan was now 'being irui.de.  Aid. Cook���-It was Intended ithat the  ' t-jly solicitor nnd city engineer interview the C. P. Ii.  Aid. Wood Mild that attention had  Jjeen drawn,to the bad condition of the  railing on Westminster Avenue bridge.  If __. olnild happened to loan against it  IA would full in the \uue'r.  City Bnglneei���.It's enteied on the  Srooks.  resldc.it Judge. He thought ��la.it iho  counr'l Hhould not ivlthhold any iisslst-  ance lt might render In that direction.  Aid. McQueen wus not sure U>ut Iho  council could not wisely interfere In  such a inaliter.  Tne Mayor suggested Unit objections  might be got over by conllning the  recommendation to the appointment of  a residenlt Judge.  Aid. Wylie thought tihat the name  should >be left out. Solicitors were always divided in their opinions, und he  didn't see why 'they (the tiMerancn)  shouldn't be.  AW. Brown���It might lay aver.  Aid. McGulgun���The ciity solicitor  says it would be too lute.  Aid. Brown���What does he know  about It?  The motion can led, Aid. Wylie and  McQueen voting ng.iinsL    ��  SOUTH AUSTRALIAN  MINIMUM WAGE LAW.  A balldt -wils token for representatives on the library board, nnd the following were declared elected: Ex-Aid.  G.vllugher, li. Spaii-llng, Dr. MeGuigan,  and Messrs. lSveleigti, Dougan, South  and Gilchrist, the last live being reelected. Two ballots weie toikcn. In  tihe flrst one was spoiled.  Aid. McQueen was oleotedl to repie-  senit the Council on the Board of Management of the Alexandra, Orphanage,  Aid. -McGulgun asked if any means  could he taken to remove the nuis-iiijes  ���at t'he shooting, gallories, tinoving pio-  lur-p shows, etc. Thoy are a. very gieat  nuisance.. He leferred to those on the  w>uth side of'Cordova stredt. The din  jr'-ts almost unbearable.  Aid. Brown���Ain't there a license fee  ���>'jor them?   Refeired to the city soli-'i  tor.  HtM-e Aid. Wood complained abo.it  She heat of the loom and wanted tliu  -windows opened. 13\ eryliody Instantly  iM'g.ui either to leiiiane their coats or  3oxisen Lhelr vests. Too much hot-air,  evidently.  Aid. Foreman gave notice to tunjiid  a_he Water Frontage by-law, exempting  jtrom taxation all four-inch pipe and  less.  3. Cram-haw, secretary of the ���Musicians' union, wrote asking thtat tlie  ���privilege of the German bajid to play  ��n the stieets be cancelled, and reminding the council that there ls a Dominion act against soliciting on the strjets.  Aid. Cook could not see why the  iKiud should be Interefeied with. Unless lliere was a leal grievance it  ntiould be allowed Lo play on the  attracts.  Aid. Wiley thought the German band  ���uus a good thing. It would make com-  3>etition among the bands lUid the result would be better music.  Aid. Wood said the German band  comiietes. They play tor $1 each a  night. The local land should be protected from this kind of competition.  Aid. Foreman agreed |With Aid. Wood  that our home bauds should be protected. ,  Aid. McG,uigan didn't believe in this  ���kind of local competition; Hut so long  an the Geinnan bind played on (he  streats lie jt'houshlt It wus all right.  Aid. Hethune suggested tihuit the musicians meet tho council and show  ___M_se~_Te[ofiiM>roccedlng~furiihcr. Thoy"  might wait on.the Fli.aiK.-e eoinmluo.  Aid. McQueen���Yes. And (they can  Jfctah along tilieir lnstrumemls arid give  tis A tune.  Aid. Retliune gave notice of motion  to annelid clause i'ii of the city charter, togo Into efteot In 190J, to eliminate  bhe alderniunic salaiy Ithere provided.  Aid. McQueen thought the adopting  of this would require thlat the charter  should be amended, and this business  was very expensive.i  'Aid. Lii-own���Aid. McQueen Uilks  sense, arid he (Drown) agieed with hlni.  The oierk should keep a book with the  proposed amendments.  Aid. McQueen���A good municipal act  was needed. Just witness the land  tax sale muddle.    ,  Aid. Cook���It would be a good thing  if the city solicitoi gave us the outside  liguie as to the probable cost of amending'Uie chattel.   '   t  Aid. McQueen said lie h.ul spent 13  days at Victoila at the last revision.  They got some things'ithcy asked loi  and some, thoy didn't. Alembeis ofthe  J-egislatuie lhad expiessod theniselycs  as being fully sick of Vancouver i-un-  nlng down there so often.  Aid. Belhune said in thait date he  was (lultc willing to let ithe'matter .ay  aver. *  Aid. Wood gave notice that he would  move at "the nexlt meeting that the  council as-k for a transfer of the False  Creek iloits.       >  Aid.   Mi Queen   gave  notice   th.ul  lie  would move th.iit the city betaken fiom  ��� i  under the provisions of the land registry act.  Aid. Brown-^TliBit's not   an amend  ment to the charter?  Aid.  McQueen���No.  Adjourned.  SPECIAL SESSION.  A full council board was piesent at  Wednesday's special meeting to heai  nepiesontatives of the Stave Luke  Powei- Company. Tney were Mr. H.  Abbott, IMr. J. IB. Ferguson and Sir  Chas. Hlbbert Tupper ami others. This  company re<|uested that the time limit within wihlch the deposit of $��i,000  guarantee of bona fides be extended  one year. This request nv.is granted,  Aid. Wood and Wylie voting against.  The Independent Lullior party is considering the political Situation seriously and a call for a convention will be  Aid. Wood moved, seconded by Aid.  McGulgun, that the request bo grunted  of the License Commissioners that the  Chief at Police repont to thcni' well  sntontli ns well us the city council n.s to  tSie vrtiy tlio licensed houses observe  tlie by-lawn. All aldermen agreed to  ��hls.  Ald.-eloct   Skene's   ivslgnallon  loft In ildie Mayor's IkuhIh.  Aid. McGulgun moved thnt the appointment of Mr. K. P. Davis, K. C  as Chief Justice of British Columbia,  tie respectfully recommended to the  Honorable Minister of Justice.  Aid. MoGuigian explained thnt this  resolution had been placed In his hands  fcjr representatives of- the Bar association, and poflnted out that it had been  represented to bim that in Mr. Davis'  .tfjpjwlntment Vancouver would have a  issued in ithe neair flutuie. Tills convention, which will ipiobalbly be hold _n  Nelson, .will be 'broader and more le-  Iiivsentaitlve th'an any ]>i-e\iou.s caucus  of the Ixiibor ipnnty. iSocialists as wjll  as trades unionists of all 'kinds will be  ���asked to send delegates, and Hie boundary us well (us Bast and West Koot-  onoij- wilM be repre'eniteil. The lnde-  |ioii'de>nit Labor panty 'lnui been working  nilong (tuletly but effcclhuly, registering voteiw, nnturii Using Amork'iui.s an I  foreigners of ull kinds, and <|ierfecUiig  a political organization w-.htcli, if this  threatened election evemlunites, will  present a united front all over t'he In-  'terlor of tlle province and wil! probably load to the United Labor party  hi :ilng a balance of power 4n the netl  le^I-slnluro.���'Sandon Paystreak.  Following lias been    compiled  from  the    New     Zealand    Labor   Gazette:  For- some time p__st a royal commission has beeai sitting   in  Melbourne,  Australia, oiuiuilrlng into the 'woi'klng  of Uie Hhoiw and factory law of that  great country In 1S96.   Some of the evidence given before' It had been hostile  to the la.w, as might have been expected���nil the same ns Uhe eight-hour law-  of the nietalifoi-ous nvmers of this province.    Paiiuigrjiphs haine iiippeared  In  inoiie than one    well-taiown    London  nowspaiien- suggesting Wiat the act has  caused, und is   causing,  fnotion, and  has even led In one ease to a suspension of Industry.    A set of Indignant  nvasteis  or  employers   huve  stout  up  their woi'ks.   Without denying that the  law .has been, andi Is being hotly criticized 1n t'he colony, and without suggesting 'that It has yet emerged from  tlie stage  of  experiment,    tt  can   bi  pointed out that Victorian manufacturers have managed to thrive under it,  and to regain the place which they hold  lu lS'JO, but lost so lamentably ntltr the  baulking ipanic    and    the    collapse of  whult is commonly known as the Melbourne land Iboom.   In 1MI0, when Victoila was enjoying the  Inflated   pro-j-  peiity  lor which  she afterwards  had  to pay so dearly, the number of hands  employed an the colony's factories was  17,SI3.    In 18W,  with commerce in the  trough of depression, this number sank  to 'M,iX&.   In 1B0O it had I'iseu to Gi.S'.S.  Whatever,     therefore,    the   minimum  wsLgp law may have done during the  four yeais  In  vv hicli   it has  been applied, it litis not been geneially ruinous oi  terrifying.  Tlie Factories  si'id shops lnivvfi of IS'.iC, under which  legal minimumi wages-were for the first  time illxed, was one of a -cities of factory laws, tlie first ot which was a  little statute pai*ed in 1S73. This, the  iploneer of its luce In Austiulia, laid  down that no girl or woman should  work far Mre In a factory for moie  than eight, hours daitly. The next step  forward was taken by a second law,  that of 1SS5. This was the-outcome ot  the plain spoken reipot'l of a royal (om-  rnlssion Which had sat In tho year b3-  foro to lnqaiirc into alleged "sweating." By tho law of .1885 the numb -  of persons needed to fonin a-legal f-J''-  tory, which lhad ln'chcrto lieen ten, vv s  reduced to six, including appientices,  and employees weie ordered to keep a  recond or outwoilk. The bei��t p'arts n;  the law of 18S3 wero those enforcing  cleanliness, air space, the requlionieiits  of decency, and the fencing of macln.i-  eiy. Unde rthese clauses much good  ivoilk ivas done b.v t'he government inspectors. As Melbourne and the other  towns grow larger and weie liettsi  'built, hundreds of dilapidated old  'bulMings were pulled down and replaced 'by belter factories. The Inspeitois  slaiiv to lit that the arrangements In  them ware good. How unsatisfactory  the condition of numbers of fnctoiy  and simp workers n-eirjk'|ined In many  ather resiiedts, and how miserable was  'tlhe lot of the sweated oubworkeis (that  is people wiho talke work home to do)  tihe reader may leJarn from oilicial revolts a.nd from the columns of the  Age aind Ai'gus new��pmpeis. For ten  years theie was little or no change in  tihe loiw. Not unitll lS'lj was- any real  step token forward, ln that year tbe  number of hand's necessity to constitute  ~*        =     *A~Legal "Factory  Sweating League, could have formed a  public opinion ready lo accept mi  strange and novel an experiment. Venturesome and 'full of new features the  measure Indeed was. Most studer.U of  labor pr-dbloiiis h.ive by this time heard  of one feature���the "wages boards."  Rut tlio Inteiest of the shops and factories act ot li!)6 Is by no means confined to these. It introduced changes  i>o many and so vital, and iiianks a  striking departure ln the history of  Australian industrial law. I make no  upology for quoting 'here certain parts  of the ofllclal summary of  j Its Chief Clauses    .  piepnircd by the Victorian factories de-  pnrtiileiit.  These all relate to factories.  The jiortion ofthe law relating to shop3  will riot be touched on in this article.  Kveijf place    in    wihlch   'fumltui,e   is  manufactured was made a factory or  workroom. Every iplaee In which a Chinese peison ls engaged in laundry work  was  mnde    a  factory    or    woi'kicojn  Laundries,  in  which four prisons arc  employed,    were    made   factories    0:  woitoooms, excepting   only   laundries  curried on  by charitable   institutions.  Power to extend tho operations ol the  factories portions or the- act to coun-  tieswas given to the governor-in-coun-  cil.   Every pel son malking clothing or  wearing apparel  (including boots nnd  shoes' for tirade or sale outsilde a factory or workroom vvas required to send  his  or her name and iaddres_  to  the  chief Inspector of factories.   Provision  was   jri'ade   for   the   appointment   of  special iboards to flx  the lowest price  or wage ito be paid for malking  any  untitle of clothing or wearing apparel  ('including 'boots and shoes), furniture,  and for biead-maklng or baking.   Et-  ceptlng  the    furniture    board,   which  was to be aipiiointed by the governoi-  In-couhcil,  such   boards    weie    to be  elected    by    the   employers    and employees engaged In the manufacture ol  the  iiirtlele.s,  for- making    which    the  boaid ls to fix the price.   In default of  such an election the governor-jn-coun-  cll was to appoint the msmbei-s of the  boaid.    Eaeih  boaid   was   required   to  elect a.clralrnniii (not a member) within  tounteon days, and if Ihis was not done  THE BIBBERS' BILL.  the governor-in-couneil was to appol-it  a Chairman. T'  -  (To be continued.)  Kveiy union man knows lite duty.  Patronize memhnnts who gilve union  men iproper <conslderatloir. Closing at  6 o'clock Is in oider for retain stores.  It's up to the union imen to enforce It.  Call for the union clerk's caul and demand union-made goods.  .ins reduced fiom six ito four; but hy  tihat tilme���thanks to the revelations  brought about by antl-s-weat'ing aglt.i-  ition���'inibMc teellng wa-s tborouglily  aroused: the principle of a fixed minimum wage. WHICH SHOULD UK A  LIVING WAGK. had been udoptc 1,  both iby a lesolutlon of Mie lower house  of parliament, dealing with govcrniiieni  woi'kiieoiile, and by the luciiiipolluin  tionnl of'woilcs for'.Mflbouine, nud I'iie  ant of 1M15 w.im not accepted I'ven ns 11  stop-gap. A far'bolder and more thorough-going incisure was dint tod by  ���Mr. Peacock, now prime nilnlsiei of  the colony, and, 'after 11 sharp struggle  ���vvKth the legislative council, bicanie  law 011 the lsi 0< tnber, lS'Hi. In no  other colony, at least nt that lime,  coi'Hd such ��i nivii.��uio have become law,  and only the Melbourne newspoipei-s'  courageous exposure of the "Hw-O.iilng"  thnlt hud been going on year after >our  in that city and elsewhere In Victoria.  conSli-med by tJie evidence given Jiefore  a board of inquiry In 1SH3. and backed  by bhe agitation of the Victorian Autl-  FOUH 'MILLIONS INCREASE.  XV. P. Robeitson, provincial mirier-  jlegist, has ,ipi-eiiai-ed an estimate ol  -��� .0 mineral output of the province for  11.01. The figures are most encouraging and1 carefully compiled, showini;,  as they do, an. estimated Increase of  over $4,000,000. The bulletin issued bv  .the mineralogist? vvhicl" Is addies-i-d  lo the minister'of mines, says that this  estimate is based upon actual leturin  oir a number of the mines, and from  those mines not making .returns, the  returns are based upon their approximate known tonnage. Mr. Robertson  is a painstaking ofllcer and his repo't  may be relied upon as. being ns neir  right as it is possible to make It.  THE BLACK CAT.  There is one publisher with whom  name and fame ot a writer count for  absolutely 'nothing, with .whom merit  alone governs, with whom the unknown  has sm equal chance with the wall-  'known���nnd that is the publisher ot  The Blaok 'Cat, who will pay over $10,-  000 in prizes ranging fiom $100. to $2,100  for the best .shoit stones submitted  befoie ,Feb. Uli. 1002. No story will, however, 'be considered unless sent accoid-  ing to the conditions printed in The  Black Cnt-ornn.iiled'fiee by The Shnrc^  *toiy Publishing Compunv, llo.ion,  Allies. If you have 11 good stciy don't  be ashamed to wild It along.  MOLD RI IS ELECT OFPICF3RS.  At the hist regular meeting of I101  M<vlt'.��ns' anion, No. 2SI, held Tuesday  evening, Jan. _ilsi, the following oilieers were elected loi the nn tiling lemn:  President, Chillies. Itrencililey; vice-  president, .lame- Weh'li: rpcoidlng-so'-  retiiry, XV. 13. .McLean; linanchil-seci-.'-  tiuy. Andrew Wilson: corresponding  1-oin-esontiitlve, Hugh Orr; treasurer  Kheirbon '.M.ii-sIiuhI; Inductor, Duvv  Faulkos; doiiMkeuper, CIiiiiIck Pilosl-  Innd: trustees Hugh Orr, lllieulicii  .Marsliind and W. P. .McLean: delegate  to Tiades mid Lnbor Council. Hugh  Oir,  Chailes  Hronchley.  The members of the Bakers' union  muy be strong on dougih, but whoa  it comei to organising and running u  ball they certainly are no "dcugh-  heads."  Wednesday night In O'Brien's ihall  this union held ilts -lli-st unriiinl ball,  and it proved to ibe one of the mo?<  successful of the seaion. Nearly 300  persons nvere ipiesent and1 judgingiroai  the expression upon their faces seined  to 'be enjoying lt to the utmost.  Among the many present the following Is a partial list, as near us our  hired man could get at it: .Mr. and  Mrs. D. S. Wllb.ind. Mr. and Otis. J.  II. Watson and daughters, Mr. and  Mrs. Geo. Isaacs, the Misses Jersle,  Oeorgleand Ada. Hansom, W. J. Clirke,  Miss Harland, '.Mr. and Mis. O. H.  Taylor, iMrs. Durnpsey, Mi. and Mis.  Vi*. G. Taylor, A. XV. Tait, Miss Quitin,  XV. Sharp. A. Austin, Mrs. Martin, T.  Simpson, Miss IS. Aiivisrtiong, R. Gain-  sou. Miss Hughes, II. UI. Abbott, A  Miuldl, Miss Norgood, II. MuKiS'-no'c.  Mi=s MoKlssock, the Misses AVar-1.  Miss Bonner, (Mr. and Mis-. 'C. J. Salter, Mi-s. Walton, Mr. wild M^re. llartle.  F. Vincent, 'Miss U. Dodd', W. Janes.  Miss Ireton, F. Haw, Mrs. Austin, XV.  H. Lustier, .Miss L. Lutey, XV. A. Scott,  Mi's. Share, C. D. Numi, Miss J. Martin, XV. "Weiss, (Miss C. Jonsen. Mr. Illld-  yard, Mrs. Johnston, J. Muni-ay, 1IN.(  Morgan, F. AV. Kent, T and J. I3aui-  viell, Mr. Annlshaw, and from New  Westminster, Mr. Mai'ks, Mi-s.. Baker,  W. Baker, Jos. .Mai tell and a niiii<!_e:  of otheis.  ���The 'llrst ipart ot the progiamine wis  a concert. Mr. J. H. Watson nnadc an  etlieient chamiian and tne follow i_:g  particicpated: Song, She Is Good  Enough foi-'Me. G. A. Nelson; Highland  dance, 'Miss Belle lieton;- song, My  Money Never Gives Out, S. Johnston;  club swinging, Jas. Spei-i-ing, sonj,  .Mulligan Guaids, Bonner Uics.; Hig;i-  land fling, the Misses Watson: toim,  While the Dance Goes On, G. A. Nelson; song. When Mr. Shakespeare  Comes to Town, Mr. Walsh, so,m,  Ain't.That a Shame, Mr. liobirsin:  piano solo, Miss'Lottie Oben.  Alter the concert the mosl inteien-  Ing pait of the whole evening then too!,  place���supper. Under the skillful management of Mr. Oben nnd his assistants the tables 'had been 'brought to  such a, ihigh state ol pertectlon nl  would tempt the crankiest dyspeptic.  After all was finished the meek wn  aw fui.  And (hen 'Ivlng Terpiscliore tco\  comnnand "and bright the light shone  on fair women and brave nien," and tin-  male wall floweis were sore because  they could not enjoy the ninizy wait/  But the dance was kept up until 3 30  a. mi. and then the sweet maidens and  their escorts-started for home, the latter wondering if they could make" tlie  office or shop on  time.  There were prizes for nearly eveiything. imd the best one of the lot���the  lS-stoioy enke-'hasn't been called for  yet. The iprize drawing rej-ulted us  follows: 1st, No. 201, not clalmel: 2 id  No. 33, iMrs. Geo. Isaacs; 3rd, No. '>',%  not claimed. .Prize waltz���1st, Mr. and  'Mrs. W. G. Taylor; 2nd. C. D. Nunn  "and Miss J. Mattln. Sid. \V. J. Clani,e  and .Miss H.irland. Prize two-step���W.  Albbott and'Miss G. Austin. The judg-s  weie .Messrs. Wnlband, Dunn. Mackon-  rot, Baker and Kent. 11,u pin's o -  chestra supplied Its usual good d.inic  muslv. The selection for the Ihvo-mup-  i-'oon Cnu���was_'Wi-itten_by_Ji_ _Du"VillL-.  foriueily a leader of New  Westinln.-t"  ker, W.ni. Jordan and 'Mesuun.cs Carlisle, Tidy. iMuran. Gill. Clegg, Uaikcr.  Jordan. '.Mr. Wm. F. Findlay is master  of cciennonlex ami F. A. Letter i.s set.-  i-ctaiy. Ileynold's oiihe.stia will furnish mu"lc. Of couise everyone l:no-,v.<  with this anay cf suiiport tic altnlr  will be a gnind oue.   ,  A OOllRIJCTION.  In the lepoit of the proc.eilIng�� of  the last micetiiig of the Tiades and  Labor council, the state.-.ient thouU  have ro.ul that the palnteis hnd trou'lila  with cei tain "non-union men,��� liu-tead  of "shops.'  ON HiS HOUNDS.  Harrison River I-'one of the brightest  end busiest little towns in this pion-i  ince. I was pleased to meet Mr. My-  eis, an old 'Vanoouverlte. He Is foreman of the factoiy of U13 liiiriison  MIILs, Timber and Trading C.mpan/,  which is one of the largest concerns in  t'he interior. About 2.*i while men iind  40 Japs are employed. This speaks well  for the .management, who a.e willing  at all trmes to employ none but white  labor, which cannot readily be obtained licie. Tho .men employed by thin  entenprislng dim, wiho aie all a fine  lot of fellows, seemingly h.nppy and  satlafled. spea'k well ot" the place, and  p,-ii't.i;ul.iil.v- of the .'inn.  Han ison'boosts of a .first-class hotel,  besides a general store. iMr. D. Gal-  biaith Is proprietor, and he keeps  things in good phape. He studies the  interests of-his cusi&mei--, is most  obliging and couiteous in the treatment  ot his many pat ions.  Acio-'s the river there -Is a l_:r_ra  shingle mill in course cl* conduction,  the on nets of which are the C'hillnvaek  M.iimf.ictiiiing company. The daily  output will be about 75,000 iihingles.  I had the pleasure of meeting .Mi. A.  Duncan and Mi. F. Mclntee, foreman  01 the section. Tl.oy nail a good woi-a  roi- The Independent, and are highly  esteemed by'their felluvv workmen. Mr.  Junes Word, the C. P. R. iig^in hei..'.  is a very popule'r and eillclent b-iv.int  ot the company, b-ing at all times most  obliging and courteous lo all with  whom he ha.-, bu��lner<>' dealings.    '  Ta'king eveiything Into cor.salt-iation  lloj'iiaon has a ibiight tutuie, and 110  doubt will gi-uw beyond the expectations of the most sanguine resident.  I!  Ben Baker, of Oswego, N. T., who  for many years had been prominent In  labor circles, lias 'been elected mayor of  that city 'by a big majority. The demand for 1'aibor.throughout the -state or  Now- York Is puiltioularly good, especially In  tlie printing line.  'band, and dedicated to his mend.  Chance, of this clt.v. The Iloor, o  couise, was -ably handled by W. I-'  Puulliiy and his a'slstiint, D. S M .1  tin.  Tlie credit  for all  the evening's ei-  tcrtalniiient originally   belongs  to  I'.ie  very    Industrious    committee    of  the  llnkeis. composed as follows.   Win. H.  Ramos,  chairman;    S.  Walker, mviv-  lury;   XV.   Andoison,   ('.   WHlli.ind,   1  .MiicLinen, (.'. .1. Salter. .1. Te.isd lie. .  A. Nelson, F. Moyles, W. Wood and !���  Hiutie.  (.Mission city Is quite a railway town.  Business'.Is good and ipiospct-ts en--  t'Oui'igiiig. iTnere are- a number oC  good stoics, nnd the hotel nceomu.o-  dation is all that can Le desired. The  letucMig ho.-teh> is the Bellevue llous-;.  This hotel has all tlio latest and modern nnp'uvv'iiier.is to be lound in the  laigest dues. It ha.-< hot and cold water. eieLtiR lighting end a legulai water cittern all its own. the .'uppiy of  water coming, as it does, fiom up  above the site of the hotel. Is equal to  I'h.u sujiplitd in Vancouver, which li  saMiig a good' deal. .Mi. Windcbank,  an Austialian. who has been in bhi-s  country loi many yjn-s. is the pixi-  prlctor, and when Jie dies not know-  about i-unnii-.i; hot.-ls i^ not worth  knowing.  The citv..1101 y is- another giowing in-  dusiiy that Is vvoithy 0; ment'on p.c-  sjdes butt<M-making on tlie latent lm-  pioved .plan, canning nt v.iiiuut. kinds  is  cal 1 led  on evteiisivcly.  Airoug the numerous tiiends I have  met may ie nieiitioned Mi. Janus Mc-  Liughlln. loionian ol the bi >dge ciew,  who is a vei>   btis.v   iii-in,  likewi e his  ciovv.  who uie   ill lirst-clai-s woi-kinen   I  I.-IRI.'.MION'y RA.LL.  Invllntlcns are out for tho I'ouith  '.rnnuiil ball nnd supper which will I p  given iby the Vancouver Fireman's  Benefit Association. The function will  bo held In the city hail on Thursday  evening, Febnunry ,">th. The honorniy  lecoptilon committee Is Ills Worship  .Mayor Neelands and' the olvlodre com-  .nilttee. The reception committee comprise, besides Chief Carlisle, Thos. Tidy.  Ciiipt. illonin. A. GUI, A. Clegg, C. Bar-  Thoy are al piesent loc it d li r  also met Miv. McLaughlin, a very  .cnlahle lad v. and Mis-., .Mcl..uieh|in,  wlio Is 11 promising young ladv ul throe  suinineis. I'm sine there is not a belle  111 Vancouver so well thought or. I'oie-  innn P. J. Mcllioy mud his stalwart  gang aio h'.nd at woik on a long  nestle a few miles below M.s-slon.  I 11 l.��o met our old friend. Mr. J. 13.  Hunter, who Is a highly esteemed gentleman in those purls. He Is pleasVI  Willi The InJoBendent. a.nd, by the  wny, nil ihe railroad boys, as well as  (Milieus, speak encouiagliigly ol the paper. '���'  'Sir. .Plunii-ldge. the genial ston-kecip-  er or Mission, 'keeps a general store,  and his wares nre the best the market  affords. He Is loud in his praises ot  Mission.  The C. (P. R. ernployaes are very  nccommodatii.g, and are at nil times  most .willing to Impart Information an3  help one out of his, difficulties.  HORACE WILLIAMSON.'  Advertise in The Independent. O��"_CC:-nC;C\'.C-20COO0CCXK)O0C-OOO-*'  t*> fj  0V^7t  G!  Drumbeats  Liberty  ...Ey M. QUAD.  ( nwriRht. i'.Oi. by C. B. Lewis. ��>  CODO3000O3C0000000CO0000O  Thoy had brought him home one  day. that loyal ami stout hearted patriot, Jacob Vim Urunt, with his vision  gone forever, A llcssliiii's bullet hsul  lilliulod lilm, niul a comrade walked  hand In hand with lilm ami vvtirucil  hlni of obstructions In the road.  Ono night niontlis later, ns the blind  mun slept, thero'was a gotitlo tapping  nt lila window, and ns he opened the  sash and linked who was there a patriot sergeant replied:  "lllst, .Incut.! 1 have been wllh oxon  nml wagon for tims'.:ols, powder and  lead. 1 have hail a long pull of it, and  the oxen can go no further, and thoro  Is u Hessian.picket on tlie road to iho  south. Wc must hide the munitions  iind come for thoin again."  Ten minutes Inter the blind drummer  nud his.three daughters were assisting  tiie soldiers to unload Uie wagon anil  hide its com ems In the dark mid empty cellar of the barn. 1 ti nil haste and  yet wllh due camion'the work wus  speedily finished uud the vehicle driven  buck over the road, and by nnd by  when a patrol of cavalry euiuc twilling  ���that w-.iy ho man saw or heard anything unusual.  And when the muskets had been oiled and the load cast into bullets which  gleamed bright-ns silver there'" vvas a  drill on the hare Iloor of the old barn.  . With drum al: his side, but the slicks  boating softly, nnd with ltutli. Mary  nud Esther in line before him. the bllud  man whlspuringly (.���onunanclcd:  "Attention, company! Right face!  Left face! Order arms! Shoulder  linns! Heady���aim���recover! It-r-r-r!  Rat-tat-lut!"  And thero en mo a. November day  wlien -the snowllakes lliittcruil down  now nnd then, and the skies weie dark  with' winter's wnr.'.in;;, and the gale  ��� .whipped tlio dying leaves off the. apple  nnd pear trees and tossed their blanches about Hi wild disorder. The blind  drummer wns'nodding in -sloop in his  chair, and his -daughters wore in the  field searching for potato hills wliich  might have escaped the raiders. Of a  sudden Iho mnn-roused'up and peered  into .'vacancy vvith his sightless eyes  and listened with beating:heart.  Tlie daughters found him standing  erect, with drum at his side nud sticks  In bis hand, ns they en mo running in.  "Ayo, they are coming, the enemy,"  he said as the panting girls essayed  to speak. "Thoy hnvo .heard of the  arms aud nro coming lo take tliem  nway. . You, .Ituth .and Mnry, to the  burn nnd bring as"'many muskets as  you can carry, and you, Esther, lead me  to the lnno and stono wall. Forward���  Bter.dy���forward, march!  "AUeiitloii.eompaiiy!'' cried the drummer: ns ho ceased to rattle his sticks.  "Load each; and every; musket.-   Let  them como halfway up tho lane liefOro  you lire. Tell me,' Esther,What do they  '    do?"  '���Tliey have halted, father, and appear surprised and confused."  "It-r-r-r! Ilnt-n-lat! Ilat-tnt-tatl Tliey  nro brave men nud will come on, but  they are enemies of liberty.    Aye, 1  hear their trump on the dying grass.  Stonily; girls���steady!   When they are  ���'������". even with the wild cherry tree, lire at  them to kill.  Tell mo. Esther, tell me"���  Hang! bang! bans! roared the three  muskets, and with pulses jumping the  blind man 'grasped his sticks nnd made  the  drum   rattle:.-till   the  half  dozen  .'horses down In llie road reared tip and  plunged and whiiiiiicd nt the sounds.  "fresh muskets! Fire again! Toll  roe, Esther, tell uie.If any of them are  down!"  ��� "Three, father!" Bang! bang! bang!  .'.-'-'".���"Five.'father���live: are down now. nnd  one is leaning against the wall! We  hnvo stopped thc>i! They halt���they  waver���thoy give hack!"  ' The enemy fell back, milled and advanced for the third .'time. Now some  of'the troops left.tho .narrow, lane and  !advuuccd upon the linnks of thc.du-  ���fonse." They crept along." the., stone  walls or.skirmished, across the Holds,  and the firing became brisk.  "R-r-r-r!     Riit-n-tn.-int-tatl"; rattled  the drum, and the drummer shouted  above the noise: "You are using but  two~_miskctsrno\v!���What-bas-bceoiiie_  of RiithV"  "Oh, father," replied Esther, "Ruth-  Ruth ls dead!"  "Rat-a-tat-tnt-tat! Attention, company! Load���ready���aim-Ure���recovcrl  Tell tne, Esther, enn vve hold themV"  "No, father! They are In front���to  ���the right���to the left! I(see them aiming at you,, father! Crouch down beside me or you will bo killed!"  "I cannot see, I cannot shoot, but I  :wlll stand to the last! il-r-r-r! Il-r-r-r!  Rat-a-tat! Uat-n-tat-tnt! 'Tis the drum-  'bents that called the ralnutemen together at Lexington. You arc using but  ���one musket uovv.   What has become of  ���Mary?"  "Dead, fnther���dend ns she rested her  gun barrel over the wnll!"  "Attention, company 1 Only a blind  man and a girl, but the muskets lu the  barn belong to Washington and liberty, ond we must die for them! Aro you  afraid. Esther''"  "l-l am not afraid!"  ���"Then light on!, 'Twas thus tbat tho  drums rattled at Bunker IIIII���r-r-r-a-a-  tat-tatiat-tat! And 'twas thus they  stoutened our hearts ns we slowly fell  back from Brooklyu Heights���r-r-r-rat-  a-tat-tat-tat-tat-'tat! You have ceased  firing. Tell me, Esther, Is the powder  gotieV"  There was no answer.  "They are'dead." groaned the blind  ���man���"Ruth,    Mary   nnd; Esther���nil  -dead!   Aye, shout and cheer und lire. I  ���wou hirelings!    I face you-so!    *"<*  hive Is the way the drums beat nt  White Plains ns our rugged patriots  came swinging Into action���r-r-r-r! Tat-  tat-tat! liat-a-tat! Rat-a-tat! Rat-a-  tat-tat-tnt-tat! And when we crossed  the Delaware and broke the lliilisli  center nl Trenton It wns���r-r-r-r-at-  tnt"���  The blind man swayed and tottered  nnd sunk to earth, nnd there were  cheers from tlio vvulls nud fences t.ud  hillocks.  "And nt Princeton," lie whispered ns  he clutched the drutnstli.k.s with lingers of death, "tin. drumbeats wore���  tat���lat"���  "How did thoy know7 How could vve  telly' asked mun ot mnn ns they stood  leaning on thoir muskets nud looked  down on the dead. They could not  have told. Thoy could not comprehend  the depths of patriotism.  Ill   the   Suliis���Tho   Moron.  The Moro Is a ���rent talker, always  returning to the same point. Practical-  ly nothing of eoiisc<|iionce can ho obtained from hlni In conference, and the  less of lilm the better. In his religion  ho Is naturally n f.iintlc. lie Is a wiry,  sinewy, athletic fellow, very different  from tho Ylsaynii or Tngalo uud quite  different from the Filipino generally.  In physical appearance'he is a distinct  type in the orient, lie has a bold and  haughty bearing anil frcedoin"of manners extending to an almost defiant  carriage.  Ho dresses In -.fantastic'garbs of  bright and brilliant colors and Is as  guy In manner ns gaudy In garb. A variegated, 'uniquely folded turban, a  highly colored silk sash to hold his  deadly, handsomely carved nnd adorned borong or krlse, a short -Jacket��� ornamented with bright metal clasps or \  filigree work or buttons and very '  bright" striped silk trousers that are  tight in fit mnke him tliu most picturesque of barbarian people.  He lives In simplicity. lie is brave to  fearlessness, a born pirate'and essentially n.lighting mill), ever nt war with  somebody in some part of the sultan-  ate, never hupp?.' unless on a marauding expedition nnd stealing from his  neighbors, friends and foes alike. Tlie  chief wlio Is the most successful thief  is the most respected and most powerful among chiefs.���Lieutenant Colonel  Sweet, U. S. A., in Independent.  EXTRAVAGANT IN COMPARISON.  Tho travelor in China, who pays  from I. to 3 cents a day to u number of coolies to tote him several  hundred miles across tho desert,  pa.Vs an extravagant price for the  transit as compared with the man  boards a limited train in Now York  city for San Francisco, which.is operated by an engineer, lircnian, conductor and brakenicin, whosu salaries  .rango from S75 to $100 per month.  Youth is really the only thing  worth having���and it is about all  tho average voulh has.  WEIGHT OF CORK.  Cork weighs fifteen pounds per cubic foot, gold 1,155 pounds. "  Observation leads to the conclusion  that a political job is not hard after  you got it.  Somo follows' only idea of a good  timo is to have a headache the next  morning.  Her Father���Well, sir, what can I  do for you ?  Her Lover���I-cr-called to seo if  you-cr-would givo assent to iny  marriage to your daughter.  Her Father���Not a cent, sir; not a  cent.   Good day !  No one over yet managed a lovo affair and anything else successfully at  tlle samo time. v  Some peoplu only know b.v hearsay  that it is moro blcsscd'to give than  to receive.  Observation lends to tho conclusion  that u political job is not hard aftor  you got it.  iCopyrlglit, 1901, by Villts B. Ilawklnfc]  lier CltrlstniSB i* not like Ihe rest,  Which last 11 single day  Or po&sililv ti weuk at host  And then ��rc put nwny'11  ���   To he forgot ton torn yrar,  Until jjooii will lowai-i! mun ���  Comes round, an fashions reappear,  And is In style a^ain.  -All time Is sramlma's Christmas time,  All seasons hers to hear  Tho.echo o( a Yulotiilc chime  .Of voicos ever dfar,  Of voices hushed to all hut her  As through a mist of tears  SI'O sues child faces as they were..  '   In Ions departed years.   ���������:.. ���  Decide For Yourself By a Simple   Experiment if You Have  Kidney Disease.  Scores and lumdrods of people wlio aro complaining almost daily ot backache, pains In tho limbs, not  unlike rheumatism, and stinging, scalding sensations when urinating, do not know that thoy are in reality  suiTori'ng from kidney derangements. Gradually, th'oy becomo thinner nnd *woaker, experience woro or less puf-  finoss under tho eyes and swelling of tho limbs, and feel chronic disease fixing Itself upon tho system. (l  It is not necessary for you to undergo au oxpenslvo examination to find out it'tho kidneys are diseased.  You cun mako tho examination tor yourself. Take a clean "glass vessel and allow somo urlno to stand in it  for twenty-four hours. .'It,,at tho end of that timo thero aro deposits lu tho bottom of the vessol you cun bo  certain that the kidneys are not in healthy working order. Thla test, accompanied by. the symptoms referred to above, are indisputable evldenco of kidney disease.  Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills  There is no longer any. question about tho efficiency of Dr.: Chaso's Kidney-Liver Pills .as a prompt,  through nnd lasting cure for every form of. kidney disease. Their combined action on the kidneys and liver  enables them to curo chronic ^nd complicated diseases which cannot bo touched by ordinary kidney medicines. You can depend on Dr. Chaise's Kidney-Liver Pills every time. Ono pill a dose. 25 cents a box, at all  dealers or Edmonson, Bates & Co., Toronto  AlltN  nn   Mliu-r*,.  Ants commonly nro'regarded as nuisances, yet. tliey have their uses, lt  you dig up a nost of common brown  nuts, you will iiollco by putting your  face close to the hill a'pungent odor  arising. This Is the vapor of formic  iicid. the principle of nut poison. Now,  formic acid has tho property of making plants grow ..as..hardly, anything  else will. Theiefore tho mold of wlilch  tho. nut nosts are composed makes a  valuable dressing for the market garden when 'spread on while It is fresh.  Another little known benefit to be derived from ants is the collection of  tlieir eggs for fish food. In the late  summer a good many peoplo malte a  living by gathering ant eggs in tho  pine woods of Surrey and Berkshire,  England, and selling them to the London llsh dealers.  :��� In the west ants are sometimes used  us miners. There Is a large species of  Rocky mountain'nut which builds Its  nest ncitl'icr of wood nor earth, but of  stone, and It prefers stones brilliant In  color for this purpose. Miners are said  to transport whole nests of these insects to places where garnets abound,  and when the ants have built their new  homes all the best crystals within a radius of many yards will be found in lt  and appropriated by the garnet seekers.  1     A   "Square"   Aldermnn.  "I.happened to be out west," said a  Pittsburg..architect, "when a certain  town decided to erect a city hall.  Architects wore Invited to send In  plans nud specifications, i'nml," though  1 hadn't fully decided to compete, I  dropped in on a boss alderman one day  to secure some -'information.'.:-1 had  been told that he was at the head of a  ring, and-It didn't take nie long to discover thut such Information was correct. We had scarcely passed a dozen  .words when lie said:  "'Mr. Blank, thiu building is to cost  ��800,000.'  " 'Yes.'  "'And there must be at least S200,-  000 to divide up among the pickings.'  " 'Yes.'  " 'Can you plan an ?SOO,000 buildlny  which will yield $200,000 worth of  pjekings?'  'r'I_never~havo doneso.'   "'Then don't begin here. You'd not  only muddle your plans and specifications, but you'd tempt us to steal youi*  whack of the stealings, and we want  to get out of It with n little honor loft  to tackle some other Job with. Try a  railroad water Job or something easy,  and good morning to you.' "  Goat  Chops,  "Tho man who goes In for Angoras,"  says an authority, "will find that It ls  true they will Jump anything under  100 feet high and climb a sapling. They  will get at the neighbor's wash us sure  us It goes on the line, nnd there will be  lingerie to pay for. Hut If you would  be on the safe side and keep the billy  there turn lilm up and cut nway the  little creeper that you will find nt the  bottom of the hoof. It will not hurt  him to lose it. but lt ruins ills ambition ns n mountebank. It will save  lots of trouble to have n chiropodist  get nt the Angora with n null trimmer."  Goat meat cannot bo distinguished  from mutton ordinarily. In overy car  of sheep that comes from New Mexico  there nro, sure to bo from two to a do-/,-  same block at the packers', ond the  same block nt the puckers,' nnd the  good wife who takes home gont chops  for lamb chops Is never the wiser, nor  Is the butcher. A gont ls only a goat  when he has his pelt on. After thut  he is a sheen.  _    Aa6- COfi  /diocAf    bj     J&x f  /  Now, dreaming o'er her. needle's flicht,  ���    She croons a nong of joy    ,r  And weaves a thread of heaven's light  '    Into some Christmas toy.  . Now'softly up the attic stair   .  ::Alone she creeps away tr-  And o'er the Christmas treasures there  Lives in another, day.  , Yet, 'though mid shadows of the past ���'.'-  , ��� Fond ;iiU'iiiories may grope, ���  ', She stands in the effulgence cast;    -���':.::~ i  : By never dimming hope, ;������-;  4nd, peering through the gathering night,  She views the narrow way ."...  "<��� Thut bridges over to the bright  .Eternal Christinas day."    ���'    '.';���., ���  Cures! without Brags,  Piasters or Liniments  NO CURE, NO  There is no need to suffer torturing-  pains and ruin your stomach with,  drugs when you can be completely  cured in from one day to a few weeks.  Read the evidence :���  " I was suffering: from rheumatism  all ever mjrbady before I got your Bsl:  and ln three months was entirely  cured."-William Aldons, 214) Christla  street. Toronto.  "I am glad to say that my rheumatic.  pains aro xene and I have not had a  lame Socle otnee I put the Belt on '���  x,_ Joseph UtUeJobn, Markdale, Ont  " The hest day's work I ever done was to como to Toronto see you, as lt was a now start  ln life.   I was nearly drawn double with pain, but thero ls not a traoe of It lef t."-S. Nlofc-  erson, Niagara Falls South, Ont  " I am pleased to tell you that I am well, and that after giving: your Bet a fair trial I  am completely cured of rheumatisms-Henry Hale, 205 Bay street N., Hamilton.   .  Or. 8��$&L&ugh��Sn's Eleotrlo B��lt  Stops tho pain, frees the blood from uric acid an* gives strength te tho pain-worn muscles and nerves. It is  tho only Belt thnt doesn't hum or blister. It alto cures Nervaus Diwpdors, Weak Back, Lumbago. Sciatica,1  Liver, Ividnov .ind Uowel Troubles, " Came-and-Go " Paini and that Tired Feeling aftor every other treatment  bus failed. I guarantee a cure if I say it will curo. I don't ask any one to take chances on  ���my invention. It doesn't cost you anything if It falls.  CALL TO-DAY.   Consultation free.  FREE BOOK.  All time I, grandma's Christmas time,  All seasons hers to hear ,  Tlie thrilling of o chord mbltmo  Of voices coming near,  As In her simple faith the walta  Tho cuminff of the mom  When past the open pearly gate!  Sbo'U greet the Lowly Born.  testimonials from th* ��i;jted.   Bent,  ,   Consultation free. ���v:,i, "t-ila of my method of treatment and  If you can't c-Ul send for my ^����g�� book, wh'rfiWlsof my mom u  h, trjwd.   Sent, sealed, free.   Address, eacleiin-j this ad,  dr. m. b. Mclaughlin,  130   YOKGK STREET, TORONTO,  Ollicc Hours���9 a: m.  lo 3:30 p. m.    ONT.  No  Longer a  Bottle  Baby.  Santa Glaus (thrusting  bis head through the door)  ���Sorry for you, kid, but  It's the only present 1  have left  PIOUS FRAUDS.  McniorialH oll.ei-maii Trailer* of the  ,   Iliin.ii.Mit lu Lunnrue.  Fncine tho lower harbor o�� Bergen, at  the end of u long row of quaint old warehouses, stnnds n venerable building more  ;lhau 700 years old, called the Finno-  -"(.'naideii,--oue-o_-the counting-houses_of_  the lencue; which has beeii preserved intact nnd is now a museum filled with interesting relies of thnt celebrated corporation. They show how its managers and  employees lived nnd conducted business.  Die league owned the harbor and a.considerable portion of the cits and. controlled not only its manufacturing)'* mercantile trade and foreign commerce, but  also its fisheries, which havo always  been its most valuable industry. Ilctgcn  then, as now, was the greatest fish market in the world.  The management of the business of the  league was intrusted only to Germans,  who were imported for that purpose, and  were not allowed t�� marry lest their  wives should learn its secrets. The managers and clerks werv housed in colonies  of fourteen, each colony having control of  certain Interests and keeping separate accounts of its transaetioiis. The men  'slept In cupboards built Into the walls in  a curious manner. They did their own  cooking. They had their own church,  with priests imported from Germany.  They were pious scoundrels, as the evidence Rhnn-s, tor. along with their cruei-  li.\es and prayer bunks and pictures of the  saints are iccords showing that they kept  two sets of scales���one for buying and  one for. selling���nud the attendant will  show, you a parchment book in which  the -manager notes for the edification of  his employers thnt he cheated a fisherman  out of 200 vogs of fish���a yog being thirty-six poim.ds���and invokes "tho blessinj  of God upon this small.profit." The inscription ovcr the door of the counting  house rends, "Without God's blessing all  is vain."  The money wns kept In an immense  ironbotind chest, divided into compartments ot various sizes, some of them  holding a bushel, in which were deposited  the various kinds of eoih until the collector came to make his periodical settlement. At the bottom aud in the sides of  tlie chest are secret compartments for  ,conccajing;Contnict3 and other papers pf  value.  A DAY OF SCRUBBING.  Tbe Real Thins; In Iloniseeleanlna; In  ' Dntch Ilomeis,  It was understood generally, says Mary  A. Teixotto,' writing In' Scribncr's on'  household whys In Holland, that our models would not pose on Saturday, thnt day  being devoted exclusively to houseclean-  ing within and without. Early in the  morning every stick of furniture is rubbed and wiped, carefully and taken out of  the bouse. 'Then the women, with their  skirts tucked up, entirely Hood the rooms  with I'- bucket, ��� after bueket . of wutcr  brought up from the cnnnl by inenns of  the shoulder yoke, With broom ' and  brush they souse and scrub the red tiled  floor nnd finally pull up a plug In ono corner to let the water How out, let us hope,  Into the canal.  While the floor Is drying a Brent polishing goes on In the street. Qunlnt old  brass lamps and candlesticks, tobacco  boxes nnd ash trays, huge milk cans���all  are burnished until, like golden mirrors,  they reflect the red chocked, whito capped  faces bent over them.  The lacquer mnn Ib busy on Saturday.  He. goes from house,to house painting the  bread trays and honey cake boxes with  designs of gnudy birds and wondrous  leaves iind flowers.  The street is*in a: turmoil .until/noon,  when order is partially restored and the  scant midday meal partaken of. In the  afternoon:washing is resumed. The exteriors of the cottnges arc scrubbed from  \  root to, pavement nna every ���-trace* of  mold removed, for in this low, wet air the  green moss gathers quickly. Then, the  brick pavements arc drenched and carefully dried, and I have even seen the women slip off thcir sabots and tiptoe to  their doorways in their woolen chaussonB  so as not to soil the immaculate sidewalk.  Lastly toward evening the entire village socs-to-the_canal,.niid_nll_the_saliot��_  are washed and whitened with pumice  stone,-spotless for the morrow. ��� On Saturday evening all the pickets of the low  black fences are decorated with rows of  dripping footgear carefully graduated in  size from the,big wooden shoes of the.father down to the tiny sabots of the youngest born. ���  .Ireland sends annually 44,000 tons' ot  x-.-.X. Mime I! 10,000,000 lu round numbers,  ti' ICngluJid uloue. >  .  XiUHt .Vcaselfl.  Nearly n thousand vessels are lost  ^very   yenr.    Nearly   one   half ' are  .wrecked.     '   The Time For Planting Dnll>��.��  There Is no definite "rule to be InlU  down as to the length of time In which  bulbs BhouUl be; left lu cold storage.  As ii general thing, top growth will not  begin until root growth Is, completed.  This nearly always takes from six  .weeks'to .two.'months. It Is therefore  generally, safe to begin bringing October planted bulbs to the living room In  December. Those desired for 'later  flowering "can ho loft iu cold storage,  whore they will reuialu dormant as to  top growth. By bringing bulbs to light  nud. warmth at intervals of a week or  ten days wo secure a succession ot  bloom Which makes It possible tor us to  brighten; our windows with; their beautiful flowers during tho greater part of  w.lntcr. ill  *  .. ;. ** IN THS ; ���  FIRST PLIGHT  .  I  m  1  '  �����*       ,*��     vSf.       .;>;(.       **  >l  9    ����    ��N��  copviuaiiT,   1800,   nr   iluitha  U'CULLOCH     WH.IJAM8.  "Thirty-nine dawgs and a fyce! I'd a  heap rather run with just the pack,"  Billy Bacon said discontentedly as the  hunt streamed out Into the old field. "My  hcabenly marster! What does anybody  wnnt with more'n 20 dawgs when them  20 are the old Gynrllncr black and tans,  that can outscent, outcry und outrun any  other dawgs ever was made!"  "Shut up, Billy! You're an ass and  hopelessly prejudiced!" Major Walton  said. His eye lingered in loving pride  upon the big fellows, deep chested, crook,  kneed, with loug pendulous enis, strong  hacks, thin flanks and tremendous length  betwixt shoulder and quarter, mussed  nbout his horse's feet, whlmpciing im-  putience, but haidly moving n muscle uu-  til his hand should be lifted. They were  all black above and tawny tan underneath. Here or there a pert white sliiit  frill showed on a massy breast. They  stood heads up, tails down, eyes intently  fixed upon their master. When he looked down at them, Sounder, the bend  hound, whimpered a little louder. Major  Walton looked at his watch, saying: "I'll  wait three minutes longer. Nothing on  earth can ever make Overton Blount  more than that much late."  "He's coming! Henr Damsel!" �� man  in the edge of tho mounted crowd shouted. Billy Bacon gave n hushed hurrah  and said to his flapping hat brim: "Mind  what I tell you! There's fun ahead���big  fun! -Bound to be, with Sounder and  Damsel leading the hunt after the sliest  old dog fox that ever run a double!"  Every rider gathered up his reins and  sat less slouching in the saddle. Somehow they drew apart, leaving a clear  lane np to Major Walton. He turned  Brown Bess' head into it and pretended  to frown at tho rider who dashed through  It.  "You lost your breakfast and your egg-  nog by this caper, Overton," he said.  "We should have gone on without you,  only you know we couldn't without Damsel."  "Though she is a blue mottle, eh?"  Overton Blount said, laughing and stooping to pat the little bitch who leaped to  his saddle skirts as she caught his eye.  Like others ofNthe assembled hunters,  he had come with a couple of hounds at  heel. Some few had brought even two  couple. They were mostly the men who  affected progress and white and liver  spotted packs. Foxes and fox hunting  both flout ish exceedingly in the. grass  country ot Tennessee.       <}  Major Walton, who was a rich man  anywhere and exceedingly lich judged  by the standards of his neighbors, hunted foxes for the sport of it all but one  day of the season. Then���it was New  "Year's day���the hunting became a duty���  almost a rite. Hi3 great-grandfather had  set up the first pack in the county and  had led tho New Year hunts as long as  he could ride. His son and his grandson  had followed In his footsteps. Naturally  his great-grandson, who was in all things  a keeper to the old ways, held religiously to the practice.  Indeed, the hunt had' come to be regarded as a county institution. It was  an article of faith with the hunters that  Providence approved the sport, else how  should it happen, and indubitably it bad  happened, that only three times in the  whole hundred years had the frost been  too hard for scenting and riding or that  when the day fell on Sunday, though that  might be cold and bleak, the weather al-  -ways softened enough for thefMonday's  hunt?  Everybody came to lt���everybody, that  is, with a drop of hunting blood.   Folk  who preferred to hug the chimney cor-  t ncrs of course did not come. , For the  ;rest, rich and poor, old and young, gntb-  'ercd at daybreak, ate. drank and were  merry���merriest of all when they streamed through the lawn gates outward, behind the pack and its master.  "Damsel, do you hear that?" young  Blount said to the bitch. "This hunt���  this New Year hunt���waited for us. Wc  arc somebody, it appears, yet we should  never have known it If Murray Phelps  hadn't made*us late."  ."Say,'Is he coming here?"  Billy Bacon's'tono was ono of deep disgust.   Blount laughed quietly and nodded.  "Yes, coming on with Margaret," he  said. "You should have heard him,  though, when I made him get up. He  swore In four languages���said only brutes  or heretics would think of starting to do  anything save cutting their thronts before  daylight' Then needs must bo rummage  out his pink coat. That Is really why I  left him behind���I wanted to beg you  boys not to guy him���though Solomon  in all his glory Is hardly In It with Mur.  ray in hunting togs."  "No friend of mine will take notice of  them," Major Wnlton said. "What does  ��� he rldo today, Overton?"  "Musket, of course. He's here looking  for hunters, not to name overlooking our  yearlings," Blount said, laughing.  "Yearlings!'Huntcra! Oh, my hat! Tlm  fellow is dead after,,Margaret Blount!"  Billy Bacon said under breath. "But he  shan't have her, uot If I have to sheer  him out of' the7 country. Nobody" shall  have her but the major, though why he  wants her so bad 'puzzles me clean and  clear." .,.-.-  "Margaret? What does. she;'ride?"  the major again,asked.   Blount looked  awny. f ,      ,,.'-,      -   (,.��, ,<���'  .".Margaret has'a' mind of herown,"  lie said. "Otherwise she" would 'riot be  here at all. Certainly not'on'Derringer,  luil her mind was made up to it a month  bin k."  "She Is safe enough," the major said.  "Margaret can manage anything. Still  Derringer would kill uny other woman  and almost any other man who might  tiy lo back him." '  "Yonder they come! Lucky it ain't  springtime. All the cattle in the country would bo chasing us with that ied  coat nlong," Billy Bacon broke in. Everybody nt once peeled down the big  road which bounded the old field they  were to draw for their liibt fox. So  looking. 50 good men nud tuie, haid rid-  eis and eager spoitsmeu. round themselves bound by the obligation of hospitality and respect for their host to  strangle a guffaw ovcr. what seemed to  them a figure of fun truly astounding.  It was only Murray Phelps, Esq., turned out in pink coat, colds and tops after  the correctest English fashion. He had  the stock ot a silver mounted crop in his  hand. The lash, coiled negligently, wus  thrust into his pocket, with one end  ti ailing out ovcr the hip. He rode with  stirrup leathers shortened until his knees  came nlmost level with the pommel.  Thnt, however, was ns nothing compared with his hat���a high bilk hat, the exact pattern of headpiece thereabout accepted ns the bign of a minister, a governor or at the very least a judge. Beyond all, the hat was strapped nattily  ou. "We shall have some bush riding, I  faw'ney," Phelps had said to Blount. "It  would be blarsted awkwaid, don't you  know, cither to stop and lose my place  in the run or to have to go on hare-  headed."  Altogether be looked very like a gay  maccaw as he came in among the other  horsemen. To a man they wore thoir  easiest scuffed clothes, slouch hats and  were shod in many fashions. There  wns not n pair of riding boots among  them nor a glove visible on any band.  Major Walton's' budge of authority was  the horn���a two foot cow horn, slung  over one shoulder by inshings of stout  twine. He would never have grudged  the cost of the silveriest hunting bugle,  but no bugle note could hnve been so  welcome, so full of heait and spirit, as  the mellow windings of the long horn  which had called to pack and hunters  through the full hundred years.  Other women might ride with tho hunt  later. Mnrgaret Blount alone ever came  to the throwing off. If only Margaret had  had no mother, all agreed. Overton would  have mastered her aud brought her up a  mighty line woman. But since she had a  mother who could not see n fault in her  she had grown up headstrong and just a  bit daring. Major Walton hnd been  courting her since sho was 16. She was  20 now: he rising 30. Everybody said it  was high timo he married. M.iigaret  agreed with them, but when he begged  her to marry him she smiled provokiugly  and shook her head.  Margaret would have been cut to pieces  rather than acknowledge it, but she was  in love���in lovo with love and liberty and  a maiden ideal. Major Walton did not in  any way realize it. He was tall and  square built, a trifle weather beaten and  as he grew older would infallibly be fat.  He'"knew how to ride, to shoot and to  tell the truth." Margaret's ideal gentleman knew very much more. He knew���  that shadowy entity���all about poetry  and pictures and the world. He had seen  the best part of it ond lived in its rushing  i i.rrcnt. His own life was a book full ot  turprlses, crowded, too, with the very  loftiest sentiments expressed in nction.  Of course he was heroic. Equally of  course be was haudsomo and high bred  and given to wearing his fine sentiments  on bis sleeve. Margaret herself did not  realize all this. If it had been put before  her in set phrase, she would perhaps have  been saved from herself by her own sense  of bumor. But she had been brought up  entirely at home, with only her mother's  company. She had icad much and dreamed orer her reading there In a land where  It was held out of taste to talk books.  Thus she could not help feeling herself  unlike nil the rest. She yearned to get  away���out into the big. live world. Souie-  _how_thought_of_a fuUire_at_\Valton_HaIl._  with the major always opposite, made  her choke and stifle.  Murrny Phelps was different. He was  younger, handsomer. He had seen and  dono almost everything. Then 'it was  like a romance���his first casual coming,  his finding her alone at Blountfca. their  long talk together before the others cmne  and then these later visits. At the very  first, he ' had said audaciously, "I love  you." Overton would have been furious  ovcr that. She herself bad been, angry  or very nearly so. Her eyes hnd showed Phelps his mistake. In spite of the  glamour she hnd not failed to note his  steadily deepening difference nt each succeeding visit. Upon this, the fifth, he  hnd asked her outright tn marry him. It  was ns they stood watching the old year  out. nc had tried to tnke her baud, but  she had slipped away from him, to mi.v  nt the door, half over her shoulder,  "When the new year comes, I shall tell  you���maybe yes or maybe no,"  Phelps had been too full alike of li Unbelt nnd his discomforts for sentiment  upon tlieir early morning ride. Ho liud  hunted in England, riding by great luck  with both the Pytchley pack nnd the  Quorn. He wns going to lound out his,"  experiences by this Tennessee hunt. It!  would of course be something of a bore-  it must be���beginning nt such a beastly  hour. He might, however, have a fairish gallop with Mnrgaret. He knew  enough "of the'horseflesh roundabout to  be sure the.huut would be well mounted.  As the two came,full upon the hunt  Major Walton shouted, a greeting, then  put his.'hoin to his, lips and blew- two  shrill blasts. The dogs leaped and fawned aiound him, his own black nnd tans  standing jealouslv close.   TT'        ���'       .��  Billy Bacon and young Blount, v*ho at  onee rode out a little way either bide.  Then with the pack at his heels he cnu-  teied a bundled yards down thu old field.  It was thick with tall broom sedge, which  at ouce swullowed up the dogs.   ,,  "In there, Sounder! Hunt him! Hunt  hard!" the major suid, waving his hand.  There was a stir as though a swift wind  hnd struck the tawny sedge. Heie or  theie on a knoll a sleek, black body be-  cumc momently visible or n spotted white  coat flashed back the fitful sun. It was  just well above the horizon, peeping  through soft, giny, flying wrack. The  wiud sat south and was flawy, now  bending the bare tree tops in the woods,  now barely milling the feathery tips of  the sedge. The air was mild, moie like  May than January. It had nu electiic  thrill In it, ns though the new year wero  so full of life It hnd spilled vitality into  the winds.  The hoiscs were wild even before the  dogs broke out. Half of them nt least  foamed nnd champed on the bit through  the minutes of waiting. One or two sour  and ill conditioned beasts bit or kicked at  their neighbors. Mnrgaret took pains to  keep Derringer well.in hand nnd clear of  all the rest. Derringer stood 1(3 hnnds, although he was seven-eighths' thorough-  bicd. He had the speed of the wind, the  stay of the rock, the temper of the flume.  Either nt getting away or at,making  trouble he was as quick as lightning;  hence his name. Margaiet rode him in  safety because she bad no fear of him,  and he kucw it. A rider who had been  afraid he would have thrown and then  deliberately trampled.  Musket, Derringer's blood brother, had  the same black coat, the same fine con-  loimatlon, the same stay and very neaily  the same speed, with a temper simply  perfect. Both were Blountleu bled and  coming G years old. Ovei ton had thought  of selling tliem the fall befoie, but Major  Walton bad bidden him wait. "You want  to get the aaine of sending out top notch-  eis." he had said. "Let those fellows  have another season's hunting nnd, take  my woid for it, they'll give it to you."  l'helps sat the hoise perfectly, according to his own ide.is.' Ue complained  thai the beast had not been taught the  proper tint under saddle. Mnrgaret smiled. "What a shame to have a good fox  trotter wasted on yon," she said. "1 like  a single foot, but hush! There is Sounder. The fox was there, just as Billy  said."  A single bell note bad rung through the  field, then fallen silent. Instantly there  wns a fuller, shriller challenge that set  Margaiet quivering with joy and eying:  "Damsel! Damsel!" NeM bieath the  wliijle pack gnve tongue iu sboit. sharp  relpiug bniks as they ran after the leaders. The bioom sedge extended for quite  could never go away from Brown Bess.  Besides, there wei t Mui' et and Musket's lider, though, Overton added  giiinly in bis own mind, he would be  upter to need Muigaret's help than to  l��'tp her, if help weie needed.  bull he could not deny that Phelps  iode well, as well as a man could lide  with such a notion of sunup leathers.  He was not afruid, either. lie bud not  bulked at the nastiest jump. Muie thuu  that, be lode us though he liked it, bhout-  iug with thu lest, va.ing bis hand aud  dialling hunt neighbors iu unexpectedly  human fashion, lie wus not, of couise,  lo be named iu the same bieath with the  major, but if that unaccountable Meg  could fancy him���Overton broke off there  uud gave his attention to tho mutter iu  baud.  "I don't believe your Pytchley was a  patch on this!" Margaret culled over her  tshculdcr to l'helps as bhe took a ditch  and stone wall just ahead of him. Major Walton lode ou the other bide, one  ear on the pae.- the other set to catch  the sound of Deri ii/gcr's hoofs. Derringer galloped with nose in air, cars  tightly batted, eyeballs flaring. Major  Walton knew the run was a meie breather; that the beast was wild to go twice  as far, twice as fast, and that nerves  and temper weie on edge. He would  bolt in the twinkling of au eye.  Margaiet had some sense of it all, but  no nppiehension. He might run his best.  She could nnd would stay with him and  in the end tame him. Once there cume  a quiver of expectation. She felt him  tear a little and surge against the bit. as  though trying the strength of nil thut  bound him. If her hand hud shaken the  least bit, he would have been off. She  held him light, but hard, and flicked him  gently with her whip. lie answered the  flick with n sniiit, but settled again iuto  his long, sweeping stride. If tlie chase  held straight tor another five miles, it  might tnke the devil out of him. If there  t-.ime :i cheek, she must bo more than  ever on tho alert.  "The eij..g is nil well enough, but the  jumps���they aie so scattered," Phelps  called bm'V to her as they raced down  a stiet.-.. "f clover. "Your fences here  must take in half n county. Really. I  didn't know the fields were so big until  I came to cross them."  Befoie Maigaret could answer barks,  yelps, long whining cries, broke out in  furious jangle nmnng the pack three  fields off. Instantly Major Walton pulled up, crying:  "Cheek! They've lost blm���on a double  It is likely. I was certain he would make  for the slough ut last." Then he blew  thiee blasts, long nnd keen and mellow,  hallooed loudly, tinned westerly at n  light angle to the couise nnd galloped  across   Uie   field.    Woodland,   dark   and  In keeping Derringer going, she would  not tell him so, not for her right hand.  "But we aie not out of the woods yet,"  she went on. "Watt until we are beXoie  you prophesy. Bier Fox doubles more  than ouce���ufter he begins. * h, ha!  Look theie! Sounder heuds \<��.4l again,  with his bristles up at that!"  The new turn thiew the major upon  them, lie blew half a blast, hallooed  twice, then settled himself in the saddle,  smiliug satisfaction. The puce hud told  jn thu puck no less than the lideis.  liouud utter hound hud tailed and slunk  home, yet but oue blinker had been u  black and tan. The Walton puck, indeed, kepi up tho chu.se, w ith only Damsel uud another blue mottle for company.  The hue Iher and white und white uud  orange spotted fellows hud found themselves too boft uud beaut of bteulh for u  mighty haul tun upon a mighty soft and  hreiithless day.  "How���long ��� will ��� this ��� keep on?"  Phelps shouted ucioss to the major.  "Oh, pietty well all day���say until 4  o'clock���hut of course we shall lest between whiles!" ihe major answered. "It  is raie, iu fact, for a fox to carry us tho  gait this fellow has doue for muie than a  mile or two. We may lose him altogether. We nre almost certain to do it if be  gets around the big slough. But there  aro other foxes. Wc shull certainly kill  before we break up. Your fust run with  us must not be blank."  "Thanks, awfully! You're quite too  kind," Phelps said. The dogs went at  full speed. In ii little while they would  he out of sight, nnd they were too breathless for much dying. Uo wondered to  see Major Walton tide so curefully, meas-  ming the giound with his eye for each  btiide of Brown Bess. They were going steadily down. The vistas began to  drop more sharply, jet the going seemed  linu. The hoofs buried, but did not  crush through the fallen leaves and dead  tw igs on top.  "Hide up, Miss Margaret, or the pack  will lose us," Phelps said, flicking Musket with his crop.' Murg.uet shook her  head.  "We must follow tbe major," Bhe said.  "He knows these woods���where they are  bate and wliere they arc crawfishy and  quicks:uidy."  "Quicksand?" Phelps broke Into a  laugh. "Do you really believe timber  such as this grows above quicksand?"  he asked.  "It may not be true quicksand. I don't  know about thnt." Margaret said. "But  I do know that when the big slough has  mneh water in it, ns it has had all this  winter, these woods, which run down all  around it, get full of places where a man  ou hoiseback can all ut'oneo sink down  over his head."  "That I do not doubt.    It is common  ll  MARGARET WAS  LEADING ER0WN BESS STEADILY,  CAREFULLY.  800 yards. At the fnither edge of it theie  was a low post and rail fence nud beyond a long sweep of glass land, sear on  top, but vivid green nt the louts. The  trail ran straight to the fence. Sounder  and Damsel topped it together, the pack  tumbling upon their heels. A few uupn-  tient hotheads had staited after them,  Major Walton had waved them back. Ai  the long, many blotched black liae writhed across the low bauier he rose in hiu  stirrups and'gave the hunting halloo.  The horses knew it as well as their  riders. They came of hunting stock, o. en  the sorriest. Ears' went Hut against the  neck, teeth set hard on the bit, snorting,  dancing sidewise, fighting for their heads,  the beasts tore ovcr tbe sedge field, took  the low fence flying nnd went pounding  ,down_tho_grassod___nile__ abend Everyman hallooed his best. Ahead was the  pack, uow in hell mouthed full cry. They  bad struck a hot trail jubt inside the  fence. The quarry could not well bu  more than five fields-ahead.  No doubt he had scented the eailiest  comers and run. E\ cry body prayed that  he had run straight for the holes in the  red bluff ten miles nwny. That would  mean n ringing tun indeed. It was grass  or woods pasture all the way, not an  acre of fallow or youug wheat to bo  crossed, If only he led them such a  chase, nobody would grudge him hi�� Ufa  And he would be safe In the bluffs. The;  were like n big honeycomb of sinkn anil  crannies nnd spoutin); springs whose wu  ters ran on to waste themsehes In the  sluggish desolation of the big slough.  The fox did run straight for live miles,  The pack followed him too fast for full  ciying. Only'a short, lince jelpin;:  came back, down wind, when ouce the;  were fairly settled on the trail. Uul thai  wns enough to set men und horses w Ud,  even without the subtle intuxlentiun of  the stealing south wind full lu the face.  The inn was acioss hi,: fields divided by  low Mono walls or moderate post and  rail fences. Cautious heavj weights  hunted gates nnd f.nin yunils; incautious  joungsters took everything flying nud  theiebv iu the end enme to giief. The,  liist flight thinned rapidly befoie the  third mile ended.' Billy Bacon even,  who weighed 200. < was foiced then to  drop back to tho hotly of the hunt 200  ,iards behind.        . . '. ,'.x  ' Ovei ron kept lilm ,company.    lie rode' '  ii- raw. ynumr lienW'that needs must be I  cased and spaied.    He knew his sister,  was ���ife.    Del ringer, try us he might,  somber, bounded it. Tne fence was snake  rail, btnke and lidercd. Major Walton  flung the top mil and popped Brown  Bess over it light as a feather. The dogB  weie coming to him full lilt. He blew au-  I other keen blast, hallooed again and set  ' off straight down the woods.  |. The muss of the hunt stood still, turning its hoises' nose to the wind. A few  extra caieful souls got down and slacked  girths a tiifle. Phelps looked back at  them nlmost enviously ns he lode after  Margaret in the major's wake. It would  be ever so much pleasanter, ever so much  moie sportsmanlike, he thought, to  bieathe the horses until tbey saw how the  run headed. It would be better still to  btriko for home. They had had the best  of it, and a lain squall had come up. It  _!nsted_but_a_minute._Ilc_could_8ee_the_  fnnge of big drops dancing on to those  otheis at ease behind, with long watery  sunbeams glinting thiough. He pined to  follow the squall along the homeward  track Ue had to get awny from Blountleu iu the morning, aud really there was  much that must he said aud settled before the going.  The woods oppicased him; the trees  were so thick and dark, the wind so eerie  in its hiu ping on their bare houghs.  There was no undergrowth. He could  see long vistas of tree bolls sloping genii}  to an indistinguishable blackish smother.  He glimpsed the major tiding hard and  encouraging the dogs. Tliey run out In  leaping circles either side, snitling engeil}  and silent, all hut the "very youngest,  who gave little whliiipeiing challenges  that the veterans did not heed. Maigaiet  was close at the major's heels. Dei ringer had been quicker nt the fence, or  was it Musket's lidei had nlmost balked  al the jump, near liw feet to be tnkeu almost standing'.  Still he wus within hailing distance���  near enough to thrill when Damsel challenged, sin ill nnd fierce, and this time  alone; near enough, too, to note the flash  of Margaret's eye as the major turned to  her and lifted his hat as he ciied the  pack on. They ran, still ln the woods,  'straight back towaul the others. The  turn brought Phelps to Margaret's elbow. "You see they are finding luck in  leisure���those others," he said. "If thoy  know anything of their business, ihey  will cut in ahead of us and leave us no  chance for the brush."  "I had rather have the ride," Margaret said evenly. If he was not horseman enough to sec that'ber safety lay  enough around marshes," Pbelps said  confidently. "A man hardly deserves  anything better who is foolhaidy enough  to venture there. But here, my dear  Miss Blount, pray accept me for your  guide. Hear the dogs. They must be almost on that poor pug. Can you bear  not to be in at the death?"  The dogs were crying madly and by  the sound heading nwny from the slougb.  By cutting across the riders could come  up with them. Phelps wheeled Musket  bharply jubt as Major W7alton shouted a  warning.  "Thanks, major!" he cried, waving bis  hand. "The music is quite too tantalizing. I nm hound to have that brush for  Miss Blount. More than you dream of  may depend on it."   "Margaiet.  ston!    You shall not fol-  low thnt madman!" Major Wnlton cried  as he saw Derringer also wheel. Margaret turned to him, a face ns white as  chalk. He understood. Derringer had  the bit iu his teeth. Wherever Musket  went there he would follow.  He was a mad horse, full of breath and  running. lie had chafed nt the slow pace.  Now he had lire and stay to enrry Mnrgaret to her denth. Biown Bess was his  mnteh when he was In ordinary temper.  Could she catch him when his devil thus  lent blm wings V she could nt least try.  He pressed his knees lightly into her  sides, slacked the leiu nnd whistled softly. The mare tussed ber head, stretched  herself and went nw-uy like the wind.  She was no faster than the horses ahead,  but better used to timber lunnlng, swerving in and out betwixt the big trunks  without ever checking herself, while they  wheeled, half halting and losing ground.  Derringer had got the lead, lie ran a  doren yards wide of Musket, Major Walton went after him. Margaret was his  care. That foolhaidy stranger must look  out for himself.  "Change horses with me! You must!"  he said as be cniue up with her, leaned  nnd clutched the reins just below the bit.  Derringer reared nnd plunged, but could  not break the grip of tbnt iron wrist. He  opened his mouth to bite. The major  forced home the bit. Mnrgaret drew the  horse nlmost upon his haunches. "This is  bettor than changing." she snid. "He  would, kill cither, of us If we dared to set  ourselves,afoot."  "I believe you are right, but don't try  to go on. 'Stiike for the grassland," Major Walton implored. "I will send Phelps  after you and come myself as' soon u I  can call off the dogs. AH the hunting In  the woild is not worth the nsk you run,  riding here when you didn't know the  ground."  Margaiet did not auswer. She was too  busy wheeling Deriingei in rupid circles  with his foil-reel iu the uir. Ue hud reared, and she meant to gi\e him bis till ot  it. As he cume down on ult bis leet sho  hcaid l'helps 00 yuids ubeud gi\e nu exultant ciy. Ue hud loigotteu her uppio-  hcubion, eveothing, iu the supieuie delight of showing the wu}. The dogs were  btill running, still gi.iug luuguv, though  bcuntlj. In ibice ui mules he would be up  with ibc-tu uud win the houois of the  hunt.  In the woods' fur edge the others rode,  whooping lustily. The sound Luiue thin  and hue, shiveied aguitist thu lice  tiunks. A great horned owl, distuibed  upon his law perch, flapped diowsily  higher, booting disumlly ns lie flow. Sud-  deu sun ruys sifted thiough tbe netted '  boughs overhead, to be quenched iu quick  clouds almost by the time they bad flecked the euitb. A mist drove in, dimming  all the vibtus. As it diove Margaret  heard a dull noibe, as ot a heavy mats  crushing through something viscid. Under it there was a sharp cry, touched  with astonishment nnd fear and bi en king  as though btitled before it waB well uttered. Major Walton looked away from'  her to bay imperatively: "Go! Hide youi  best aud bend men on tbo run with ropea  nnd plank!"  She went. There was that in bis face  which forbade appeal or parley. Major  Walton did not even look after her. He  rode with rapid euution towaid whence  he bad caught tbe bouud. In half a minute he came on what he sought���a big  quaking blur on the face of the earth,  with Musket fast in the middle of it.  But he was all unprepared for that which  met bis eye. Musket, indeed, was fast.  The creeping grayish ooze was already  half up his withers. He had ceased to  struggle, hut turned his head and whinnied piteous appeals as Brown Bess came  up.  His rider was invisible. Only a hand  upthrust three feet from the horse told  of human presence. Major Wnlton understood. Thelps had recklessly leaped  from the horse when be found the earth  give way beneath his feet and tried to  struggle out. The action perhaps had  been involuntary. He had fallen, of  course. His bend was under. In ten  minutes he would be a dead man. Help  to be worth the name must be instant.  Tbe quicksand was in tbe middle of a  little open glade. There was no tree or  shrub in saving nearness to it. Major  Walton measured with his eye the distance between firm ground and the  twitching hand. It was sinking steadily.  There was no time for thought or calculation. A man was dying less than threo  yards nway. Another man witb every  will to save him knew it was nlmost certain death to even attempt rescue. But  he would attempt it. In a twinkling be  had taken the girths from his saddle,  fastened one colhu-wise on Brown Bess*  neck nnd belted himself stoutly with the  other. Then from the double bridle reins  he contrived u longish line, running from  one -girth to the other. "It will be a  devilish hard pull, old woman." hesaid  to Brown Bess as he mnde all fast. "But  you'll help me. Vou never did go back on  me.   It's too late now to begin."  He stripped to his tiousers. spiead tho  heavy garments carefully on the surface  of the quicksand and tried to spring from  one to nnnther as though they were hummocks. They wrnt out of sight in a minute. Still they helped in a "measure to  give him fiecdoui of motion. At the second step he was up to his middle, nt tha  third his shoulders, almost indeed to his  chin. He would go above his chin if he  staid there two miuutes. And he could  barely reach the finger tips now Fr-eud  flaccid on the ooze. ���*  Holding his life line high above his  head with one hand, he edged forward  nnd gripped the wrist. His teeth set as  he tugged on it, he flung the line quickly  over his shoulder, reached out with the-  other bond and pulled with all his might.  Something gave. He felt a sluggish surgo-  of the ooze. He tugged again, reached,,  caught a fresh grip and brought the*  whole limp body within grasp. He lock*  ed one arm about it nnd drew it against  his breost. "Now, Brown Bess!" he  shouted.  "Now pull for life!"  Brown Bess stood stock still, tossing  her head a little. Clearly she thought this  a wholly unwarranted interlude in the  day's sport. Again her master shouted,  this time bis voice touched with a keen  agony of fear. The mare made two steps  forward, but stopped as she felt the  strain on the line. Major Walton groaned. Ho was lost beyond hope. He would  be deud, as dead as that poor Phelps be-  foro belp could come.  The ooze came over his shoulders now.  Musket began to squeal. In spite of his  own evil case the shrill despuiring note  awoke the major's pity. "Poor old Musket! If I bad a pistol, you should nt least  die quick, and so would I." he thought,  and then he thought no more. Somebody  ���Mnrgaret was leading Brown Bess,  Bteadily, carefully, so her whole weight  might tell, Mpigarct was crying to him,  "Oh, thank (JBd, 1 sent ono of the others  and came back myself!"  When _lhe_lnipriboned_men _were_half_.  way to the blink, the line gavo signs of  parting. Mnrgaret scrambled out on Derringer's neck, unbuckled her reins, knotted them aud cast the end to Major Walton. She had left herself only a check  rein to hold the wickedest horse In tbe  coQnty. But she did not even think ot  thnt, when urging the two hoises steadily, together, she made them draw their  burden safe to land.  Help was coming fnst. The whole hunt  wns iu sight, riding as it hnd never ridden before. Mnrgaret looked down at  Major Walton, nil slimy nnd shivering,  then covered her ejes and begnu to sob:  "How could you? ' Oh, how could you  doit?" a  "Because it wns my life for his, Margaret," the major said. "I knew thnt  well, but I wanted to snve lilm ror you."  The scales fell from Margaret's eyes.  She wanted a hero for her romance, and  here she hnd flouted and slighted the  truest hero in the world. She leaned far  down from the snddle and said almost  under her brcnth: "I nm glnd you did  save him, though you nre nil wrong. I  do not care to have anybody in the world  ���unless I may havo you."  Murray Phelps, Esq., in tho end came  around with no other .material damage  than that to his fine coat and his feel-.  Ings. With Infinite pains nnd labor'poor  Musket was also rescued: 'but he was  never the horse he had been. Phelps  tried hard to buy him. 'hut Overton  Blount would not sell. So to mark his  sense of obligation Mr. Phelps sent thn  very handsomest wedding present' Margaret Blount received when in the early  summer she m-reied Mai" Wnlton. '  -������v  i  ���A TITE INDEPENDENT.  SAm-RDAY JANUARY SS, 1SBC  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUB1.1SIII3D ���  WEEKLY  IN THE IN-  THIU-JSTS OF THE CtfASSES  TIIE INDEPENDENT 1'RINTIXG COM  i'ANY.  BASEMENT     OF    .1*UCK     UI.OCK  .1 TASTINGS STRICET, VAN-.  COL'VEIt, 11. C.  SfllSt-'RU'TIOXS IN   ADVANCE.  -Vweult. "1 cents', niontli,"13 cents; llu-ee  months; S5 cents; six months, 1;; cents;  one vear, >1._5. "���',:���  ENDORSES HY TUB TI'tAiDES AND  __.'.BOU COUNCIL, THE VANCC-IL'  Villi    l.AUOK    l'AHTY    AND   THE  V   BUILDING TILDES COUNCIL.  isa'iu:rday..........iani;ai:i* :;  WATER rn3NTA0E TAX.  The proposed amendment 'by Aid.  Foreman  to the'Witter Frontage Tax  'By-law. wbidli will c-cwne up for consideration in Monday night's meeting  ol the cily ���'council is extremely Important.. U provides than all pipe of  four inches or lees in ��� cK-amcter shall  be exempt- ci tlie tus. Figures jdiow-  in�� the exact leii��ih uC wnter pl_ie in  use iln this city ure not at present,  avtuirt-i-le. lie.'., we believe tbntthere  ��i'o'��lbuut 00 .miles-or pipe laid in Vancouver, over a third of.winch is four--  ���inch id lie. That .would nuilce over 10:>.-  000 ffet, wiiioh.^ii.Uie tprosont rate of  tnsntlo'n of 3 .cent's a Coot, .would mean  a reduction in the -water'fronta-se tax  .of SS.S'iO.' This is an injustice to.consume ns   who '''must'.'.pay. taxes on ��� the  " la.i-gei- ,pii.ie.  'There-is r.o 'gainsaying, the  y fact bill ."hat the 'present tax i.-" just.  The 'better way.would ;be  to  tux. nil  .pipe at the u-Kual Title, and, it" any ye-  .  -duetiou  must ibis .made,   to   lower'��� the  ���Svatfii- rates  to users.    All would, -tlwn  - be   tilled   proportionately    .equal,  und  1tl10.se paying: .-for,water ..would reap the  advantage accruing from: the tniiunleip-  ul-owived   "vyni.er  works  system.  THE LABOR .PASTY.'"-'  Tho Vancouver "Labor   .party >a,ti Its  ��� : last regular meeting ..'appointed acom.  7':'inittee to arrange I'or tt mass meeting  ��� lltioibelibeid, in  the near ".'"future.    The  -party intends to ihroaden Its. sphere so  aa to allow all those not in sympathy  ���with the principles o;l*: the present op-  '   position- and '.'government .-.'ipartles   to  7join forces with tlie independents. Tiie  " i/.iiboi' party: is not cunifined   to mem-'  bore of tir.ions, as some suppose, but  v. everyone is .w::.coaie to fall 'in line, and  .it is for ���'these.'.'���reasons ..thai  a���'public  .',- meeting  will  be." called.  7" 7  '���7The Lardeau. Easle in its last Isstie  .; enys: that  "efforts-ai'o"'being made  to  ./call .-'a'"-.provincial:.'convention.,  for the  ;',_>uiipose of forming,   ���a. permanent or-  . ganizatidn. to  talke  independent   polit-  ";.Scail action  in * this province. ' T.he ob-  ', dectof the'nieeiiiig 'W'lll >bs to formu-  "_ate, ��. iparty  in ,which tihe   ���socialists,  '.���".���tradefuii'loni'Sts, ��� amd   old    independent  '..���;'lalbor .party nieimibers c.-in meet on com-  ; airon- ground to devise ways and means  :7'<*f securing with the ballot some: of l.h>  .vitililngs w-ihieh will remove the cause of  ...' .Uhe present airilation, stagnation and  rlnlactiyity on the'part of the people's  .representatives..  AV.Ith    the next elec-  .;-: tion nun .oil party lines the  new con-  X .solidiaUon will have no ditliouliy in se-  7 curing control of the country's affairs.  Tlhe ���pl.itfoiim  drafted  or  ad-opted    at  'V-'tfhla convention should 'be., represented  by men.who aie known   to ��� have  the  =cause^of=pi,og!-ession=at=heai:t=_A_.jii._in  who hns to be pledged to anything is  not  tbe  man  the electors    can  trust  .(JTor   this   rdason many  new   men  are  likely  to be presented    for    election.  'And  a ill tie new..blood 'will  certainly  have a more vigorous effect than heretofore.    With    a.,  fair    redistribution  measure passed giving Just reprcsenta-  tlon to the mainland. enoughlllve and  progressive men will he sent to  Victoria   to  wwnken   the  old   fogies  over  tiherc  to .11 sense of  tlielr duty.    The  tiiidps-unlon.s cl 13i'HMi Coliiinlilii. Imvi;  decided  to go Into .ihjIIIIch.    For  Mils  reason iwe ihnivc n good right lo hope  for radical  changes  from   the  leglsl-i-  tlon meted out nt prewnt by a few In-  cnpuible& who seem to be on top Jinit  new.    liy  all  means  lei.  the    dlscon-  it.ccted   faotlons   get   >tui"--ther,   settle  ��� lhelr petty grievances and differences  rimong themselves, and then Join tholr  forces for the .purpose or really accom-  ipllsihlng something tangible.   It eun.be  <Jone and It should! the done.   There's  mo time    to waste.    The    ireople are  ready and "waiting for-tihe call.   Who  twill.eay'the word?"  to M.S'.)" ounces, wthleh, ivtilued at about  WO per ounce, represents a round million, ltefmv ihe war the monthly nut-  put was about four times this figure.  It is now increasing monthly, and the  Ouflanders nre returning in Increasing  numbers to their long-deserted home*  "Poor wo!'l.iiieii .tnil polUlchiiH always bliinie their tools," says an es-  change.  !**!> the "gang"1 at VlrUirln lilcik.-r when  cvu' It Is necessary for Ihem to amend  tin-  city  < htti ter?    Wimldn't   that  jar  you?   They  mu.-t have 'a nasty iiuioi  down  1 hi-re.  The protest of the Halifax litbi'i* or-  gMiilzatlons against using the v-oldlers  In loading hay otLVht to be ntH'cessful.  for no doubt, the soldiers are aulle wil:  ling 10 throw up the job.���Ex.  Aid. .McQueen should halve requested  the lluslclans' union to .bi'lhsr along  liBKi!pe.�� when they 'attend the Finance /committee. ".Instruments" mi.  not tha proper word. ..  If U i.s true that an expedition, compose:! entirely' of .Scotsmen, is sol is  In search .of the.'south ipcde, It/is all  u:;> with it. It itilght ais well conic  out of- hiding forthwith and give itself  UP- : 1 :    '   ���      :  Tho' alderini'.'ulc.. salary*" clause will  stand for I'.KV-," anyhow. Tills ..fito:  should cause a.'sigh of relier. The reason is thal.it costs too. nuuoh. money  tn amend the city charter���t'hat,v."on-  dei'ful ..old  document.,.  the trade of Canada foi" six months  of'this year is R.l-S.OOO.OOOi. This is ?.->,-  ���OIO.OOO more llm.'.t the whole trade of  the 'year 1SK). The exports for the six  mouths are just'about .equal' to-those  of the whole, year 1S3j.  The city, council might 'engage the  Genmau 'baud to liwn up the Jlonday  night lehearstils. The crowd outside  .(he railing would enjoy it, 'and, according to.aldernianlc.oWquetlc, it .would be  nillowablo for Tosn .���ifcGulgiui to ,pa��s  the hat round.    '  ��� A eeiisiw. report shows,-.that- in I'M  iho iiuinufactured/articles was $1,200,-  SS-isriB. for/which the .395.110 laborers  received $lfll.510,'.i82, or -t,little over ir.  per cent, or ail'���:.average ..of _ $ISS par  ���wother. This i�� a.;(*iecrease/of: ?25 per  worker .from, the figures of 1S00. :  :-Ti*uel oil from, the .wells of Texas will  jirobably be used: under. ;lhe boilers of  the big ipc-wer plant, of,the Louisiana  Piirdiase Espo'sltioii to beiiheld in. St  Louis in -11108. The director of :works  of. Hie exposition is looking 'into .the  feasibility of tisingTexas oil Instead of  tihe soft coal.       -,-. . -y.'X .'./'''"���������....'  It ii';/ostiiita.ied that'"Aniiericsui''-Imii-  1 lon'n i i-e-s giave d urimg' 1901 * to oha'rl table  and. educational institutions the siiiiii<>r  STii.cbo.ttOO.': In.'.nine yea.!-S' i'l is.estl-  mated: that "'A-inei'lcnJiB. have given .for  tlie!'berio11t.'.'of charita'ble or educational  purposes the sum of SSSS.OOO.OOO.. Tliis  is a good text for our. present day econ-  otnists.'        "  One thing very noticeable in .boastful  ���union .men is that they 'never.have,tiny-  thing good to say for anyhody; and  as a rule you .never hear a good word  s'aild about them: either. K just tired it  were 'fully given to those who work  long and faithful in the cause of labor  for their .services -by . their associates,  more: would be '.accomplished. by.. cro.a I-  lug this good feeling so ..essential in  the welfare of your umlon than hy any  other.method.: : "... :  The returning iprospenlty of the. -Wmd  1s shown t>y the returns of the gold  output for December.   This amounted  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  His Manly Policy.  Dunsmulr.' is going to urge on the  _D__mln'lon .government^to-relleve^Brit-  ish Colunnbia .from the Chinese ln'\-u-  al-m. "Dear Willie: This poor liltle  proylnce of 13. C. doesn't like those  ntisly Chinese and please Mir. T_��iurlar  won't you tell them not to come," or  words to tilniit effect. Of course that  is the ll:i-st ihaixl woric I>:iurler will do.  He will Just oonie right out ami tell  lihose cannery people like John H. Turner, (igont-gonernl for the province of  1.1. C. In London, to quit employing Chinese. Thon he will tell the steamship  ami 111 il wny conipHiiles and ull kuc'i  ptKiple like Van Home and ShttiiKlinesi'y  and all thoee kind of chiujis who furnish  the .boodle at Dominion electloriH, not  to fetch a.ny miore of the sliinl-eyed  'huiitlie'nH iln on lhelr'bo.ita and trains  mtiil things.' Then he will tell .Hon.  .IiiiineK Dunsmulr, premier of B. C, not  to encourage Chinese Imnilgratloin by  i<howiing a .preferemce for Oriental la-  Ivor In hils coal mines. Then when Mr.  Laurier gets '.tall* this done Mr. Duhs-  mulr Willi deserve credit for his manly  policy. I guess so.���Saindon 'Paystreak. .'.:���"  ; /: -:.' :.���''������ '..  Who'll 'Be the Main.  The province of British Colunnbia  needs -a imanat the head of ita affairs  whto will turn track every Chinaman  wiho lands on our shores, even If in fo  doing so It be found necessary to resort  lo anus and open rebellion.���Sandon  Pnyslivik.  A Mix Up.  There will be little drunkenness In  Ontario when tho bartenders learn to  mix as much water wllh t.lulr whisk/  ns the "prohibitum leader.s tue 11.>w mixing whlsJcy   with   their   (prohibition.���  MACHINISTS' 1XSTALUVTION.  0O11 saiuixh.y night, the inaehlnl.u.s  of lllevelstolte iclibiatcd the ln-.tn.llii  Hon of the nllloers for the cun em yea  by giving n. ."Jinokiiig concert, to whlcli  lhelr fellow employees ul Hie C. 1*. It  and friends 'turned out In large numbers. The lodge 100111 was opened at  SI.*., when President UoualdMiii welcomed the vlsiiin-s on behalf of .\o. _!">N,  I. A. of li.. and' called Chill;man fi.  Down le of the committee to the chair.  The iprogrncmne opened by a to.ist to  the king, ifcllo.ved by one to the ptesl-  dent or the United States, after which  songs, .music and fun flowed, to say  nothing of the variety of .slimulati'ig  Hquld refie.shmeiils. colfeo, sandwiches,  and ic.bac.co. "l'oliceiiten" Tciguo,  Saxton. Dunne and Urgent prescmed  order titid ipromptly arrested anyo te  distttVhing .Ihe p.'ace or whom th;y  t'hougiht iii'lght di--iut-b it. These were  hauled ibef01 e the "beak," who dispeus-  eil justice liberally, and the line? collected from the culprits albout paid the  expenses of the evening.' The chairman  proved a veritable czar, and tlie way  'he 'dispensed "justice" was nto-t barefaced, .nearly everyone present having  tohe Ifmed,which weie p.tid most willingly. All voted the evening a grand  success and hopes ate oMuethcd for  another xoon lo follow.  ; LKTiTJOK-CAHiItlKltS' IM0TIT1OX.  . iTho letter-carriers ot" Canada lu ���'"  -sent the following petition to Ottawa:  "To the Hon. Williiiin Mulock, II. M.  id'osliiiaKter-rieiier.il:  "We, the letter-carriers of the Do-  ariinlci.il of C'lnadn, le.speetfnlly b3g  leave to request that the present scale  of salaries now bei.'iir paid us, be considered and .revised ;,s promised the  disputation on lliaioli ."ith, VJ01. XX'e  consider tliat the facts laid before tlie  Honorable 'the Postmaster-General by  the meiKbers cr the deputation were so  convincing .''thut your me,uoriall..ls anticipate with eon'lldenco that their request .will be acceded to. The same  conditioins obtain to-day as did 111 the  time of .presenting tlie inenioiial. There  Was. been a steady Increase In the price  of rents and commodities necessary for  living, and this in itself should appeal to your honor in fulfilling- your  'promise.,"', Wo think thai our cuau is a  Etrorig one and one worthy 01 your  honor's : consideration, and iwe nppo.il  'to,you as our chief, that you will kind-  ly. .Interest-younsell" on our 'behalf, and  .use your.'..niower and linlluence in an  endeavor "to obtain for your nieiuorhil-  -Jsts; the -20 .per cent. Increase In their  .pay for which they have ruDccd. Therefore .your (petitioners pray that yo.i  may'be pleased to Mce early steps towards the granting of this our reasoi-  alble. request."  i ������������:. B. OF 1-. F.  FraiVk W. Airiiold, grand secretary;  reasurer of t he .Hi 0 therliood of Locomotive Flreim-n, ha-", just now completed his report for tho last year, which  ikes some roni.irkable showings in  reference to the order. According to  the figures^ the 'firemen are the strongest, in proportion to the number of  ���men employed .In the United Slates and  Canada, of any of the railroad otgani-  zntions. The .firemen to-day have a total iiiemibershlp of 40,720. There Is .1  dou'bllng of tihe membership since 1S1M,  when the order moved to Peonia, tit  which  time  It had   fewer    than  21M1  memibers. The gain for 'Uhe last year  was 3419. The Insurance In force is  ?r��->.fc*.500.'  AN AT HO .MR.  Court iMoaintain View, No. '-VV.I, Canadian' Order of Foresters, will hold it*  illrst (iiimnl "at. home" In the Sulllvjn  hull on Wednesday evening, January  until, nt 8 o'clock. No intlns are being  Hpared by the cominlttee, who ciunprlMC  Aid. 0. F. Foreman nnd Jas. McKec  nnd XV. C. Tcijip, to unlike the event onto lie remembered In the history of thii  entiMiprlHlng lodge.  Ibe Mlat  Is    thu   new    saloon   ut   thu   corner  of Carrall and Hustings streets.   Case  goods aro tho licst, and thu prices 0. K.  Seattle Kninier beer, 5 cents.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 74(1 Fender street.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it?  ��� Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, SOc bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.'  A rich nnd beautiful showing of the  latest Dress Fabrics for Fall, 1901.  Uvcry wan table kind of material ls  Included In this showing of ours. AVe  devoted considerable time to the picking of these goods, which fashion hns  decreed as correct. The result Is seen  In the unapproachable assortment,  from whJch we mention .1 few of the  weaves we have In the latest designs  nnd shades.  ZBL10LINE. VENETIANS,  HOMDSPUNS, CHEVIOTS,  SUIT1NOS, BTIOADCLOTHS,  FBBNCH FLANNELS, Etc., Etc.  We ash you to call and see them.  We know the price will do the rest.  ij.  -fs7U #ftiii/ Cc^7tifQia/*  3-La> -/S^UmQ -/faMo-tv cfuof  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  We reach wherever the malls reach.  NOT1CB IS C-IVre.V that application will  be mado to tho parliament of Canada,  at its next sittings, fur leave to iucor-  poiato a company called the. "Const  Vmkon Kaihvay." 10 construct, equip, and  operate a. railway fiom a point, at or  iicni Kinmunt. lti'lel, Douglas Channel;  theiico to a. polm on the Yukon river,  1 hence by the mo.-t feasible route to  Ilawson.  WITH rOWEK to coif-lnict and own  boats, dock* and wharves; telegraph and  telephone lines; anil to generate electric  power for heatJug. llglitliig' and motive  power: and for leave to collect tolls, nnd  to make traffic airattsenieiits lneiilent.il  lu  the said  railway.  Dated at V.inco-iver, li. C, this 21st  day ol January. IwC.  U. G. llACIIOXiKUl-.  Solicitor for Applicants.  S.MMU.  "Yiv, she ha_? a passion for animals.  ���Dogs or iliubbajids?"  He���1 don't think I 'would like to  marry any girl unless 1 'knew she was  s6_f-sa<:Pillclnjj. She���But wouldn't that  prove if.  Mrs. Newlywvd (residing)���Do you  know 'how lohsteis are caught. John?  Mr. Ne.wly.wed���Come, <;onie. Ma.ry!  Don'1! rub It in.  Helle   (upstairs)���Is ipaipa    smoking  Maud     (downstairs)���Yes.      Helle���All  nighit.    1 thought something might  be  burning In 'the kitchen.  Jay���Yes, plr, wihen I was in Seattle  a, sharper robbed .me or 3r.O. Hay���Why  didn't you call a policeman? Jay-  Well, 1 thought $i0 w-ti.s enough to lose  "What did Freddy say 'wtlien yiti  c-aiught 'him coming out or the pantry  with his hands stained red?" "He told  me 'the truth by saying thnt he had  Jaitned ihis fingers."  lie (ait midnight)���Funny custom tlie  Chinese have. The hostess is expected  to notiry (the caller .when it lis time to  go. She (with a sigh)���13ut -we are in  British,  Columbia,   you iknow.  Mothei^-Yos, Rupert, the baiby is a  Christmas present fn)m. the angels.  Rupert (aged four)���Well, maniba, if  we lay him away carefully .and don't  use him, we can give him to womeboly  else next Christmas.  Wife���I 'aim  going  down  .town   this  morning 'to try and niatoh a piece of  silk. Husband���VeT-y well, myliinr; I'll  tell 'the cook to saivc some dinner for  you, and I'll put the olvlldren to bed  myself.  Customer���Gimme a cup o' chocolate,  with lots1 o' whipped crenm. Seattle  Wniti-ess (shouting back to the kitchen)���Chocolate solitaire In a plen-  litudiiiMis setting of chasti.sed hictcal  fluid.  Lady (to deaf butcher)���Well. Mr.  BiiKill-'lxines, how do you Uml yourseir  ���to-duy? SjiinlHiones���Well, I'm prutly  well used up, mum, iKvory rth'H gone,  they've almost torn ine to 'pieces for  my shoulder*, unci I novel- hnd such a  nun on my legs.  M.r. Tlghtllst���I'im iilwnys willing to  help a deserving unfoittiunsite. Here Is  tw�� cents; now, don'.t Hjiend It for  drlrtk. Ti'amtp-<:ciiUiIn'ly not. If I  don't buy mi tloket ito California, I'll  surely purchase a set of winter flannels.  The Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer,6cents.  n day���a month, Is the common excuse. It waa what the captain  of a vessel said���on returning from the ivoyage lie would Insure. But  he never cnnie back. The vessel wns wreoWed; lie wus 'lost; his family  was stranded,  too, financially,   by bis, procrastination.  No other time Is equal to the i>reisent moment for Life Insurance In  coit iind opportunity, and no policies surpass those of the Union  Mutual In privileges and values.  Details -sent free. -,  9 PORTLAND, MAINE. Incortokatbd 1848'.   i  Call or write for particulars and plans 9  Hk.\�� Oh'i-icE : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.   9  J. E..EVANS, Provincial Manager.      ,, %  ������������������� ��������-�����<���<>"��*��"��*��� ������������������� �������������������������<�����'  CO��  The ^laestiow of Fat  e*o  Never needs to keep men from wearing our Glothini;. They must fit or yon  musn't take them���just so as to hlyle, cloth and appearand!. "We buy tho best  materials mado in Kuropo or America, selected hy experts of long experience and  trained observers of fashion's changes. Our largely increased and increasing business show's that they nro right. Why not avail yourself of this opportunity to  dress well and save 'money.  Prices �� 10.00, $12.00 and $13.00 and upward per suit.  -CLUBB   & - STEWASIT, '  Tkliji'Jionk 702.  160 Cordova Street.  ABSOLUTELY   TREE.  DO YOU "WANT TO BARN A BUA  bv tiAing only a fe>v moments ot your  and we olTer a BEAUTIFUL ONE AJ3  Miracle lJllls.   Hoys or girls can eamn  nieivt* of their time after school.   Bend  we will send you one dozen boxes of  vortised so much.   Sell these at 50c. a  mull and we will send you PRISR the  Everybody who has received ono lias  ciose anxl tully guaranteed for one year,  for  Dyspepsia,  Heart  Trouble,  Const!  Blood Diseases, etc.   "They are easily  name at once and we will send you the  Uie beautiful watch.   WHITE TO-DA3T  YOU It NEIGHBORHOOD TO BEGIN  To 1'hose wishing to get the watoh  order for JS.C0, being a reduction of  tho watch.   WRITE PLAINLY.      ,-,  UTIJ*IJL WATCH (for men or ladies)  spare time?   Everyone wants a -watcli  SOLUTELY FREE for introduolng our  Lheso walclies by sparing a few moils at onoc your name and address and  our Miracle Pills,  whioh  we 'have ad-  box and send us ?G.C0   by   registered  wateh which we 'know will please you.  been delighted.     The    watch* Is fillod  Our pills are the .best remedy known  jjatlon,  Nervous Diseases,  Indigestion,  sold."./ Do    not delay,  but send 'your  Miracle  Pills and  full  description  of  SO AS,TO BI? THI**, FIRST ONE INT  WORKING  FOR US.  witli the pills, If they .send -us a money  $1.00 we will send  both tlhe pills and  K. COTE & CIE,   ;;  EMc,   Rimouski  Coiwtq,  Quebec.    >  9PEC1AL OFFER���Should you desire to see a sample box.of our ipills" we  will send a full 50c box to everybody sending i us 10c . In stamps. Mention,  this paper. '  The"  ���  Having tbo Only Up-to-Date Grill ltoom  In 11. C. which ln ltbeli'iu a guarantee  of aFIret-Claitf: Hotel and llebtaumnt,  Seymour Streeet,  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS.  All Bcabcri ol tbe R. C, I. P. A. can iho* IbU card.  Aik hr II whea oukloi jotr paKkuci.  KHDOII��KD BV THK M   t. OF U  ONC-TMIflD ACTUAL *IIK,  COLOR 18 CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only dorin�� moatlte nnmed on right  hand corner and whan properly _l.rnivd and  BTAurcn with the ninnber of the LocaL "  UNION BAKKRTEB.  W. D. Mulr, Mount Pleasant.     -  ,W. Murray, Prior street.  Montreal Bakery, Westminster avenue.  if. Adams, Scotch Bakery-, Hastings  street.  XV. D. Kent, 56 Cordova atreet  J. Oben, Hastings street.  Wlnchen Co., Granville atreet.  Barnwell Bros., Granville street.  Largen & Tupper, Granville str����',  THERE-IS  of Fire- or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The price is now .  . such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once . used, always  used. Apply at Office of  l li. tli It!  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  The Independent wants a report ot  each union meeting and news concerning (the members of every organisation.  Stfcfti reports and news will, do much to  sustain and create Intereot <n tho organisations. Secretaries are especially  urged to eend In these reports, bolt  vows'from any member ot an organisation will be rOoelved with pleasure. ______��_92_��__  SATURDAY.  ....JANUAIlY 23, 130_!  THE INDEPENDENT.  .'  i  IW  t  1' I  IF  v  y  i  1:  We should think you would. We Mon't src- how any person can get  :through the world without a' pair of t5hoes.; Your ifeet deserve to be made  ieonifortable and you neglect Uie flrst prlncl'ples of comfort if you fail L-,to  wow our shoes. ;  THE GOLDEN  BOOT STORE,  I3 Hastings St. E.  A Union Clerk will wait on you.  9  Hardware,  Stoves,   Ranges,   Etc,  35  Blastings  Street  East.  ����������ee6S9��ee����96C8����9��e��'����e(6��<jo����9eo��cocee��  Hy Smoking g  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers;" "Spanish Blossom" f  They aro tlio best in tlio land and made by  Union Labor in  KURTZ & CO.'S PIONEER CIGAR FACTORY 5  �� VANCOUVER, ]*. C. j��  SJ ��S?*Oiill for them and sou that you get tliem. S  JPROF. HUXLEY MD THE  ��� CO-, n. Maxwell, jr. P.)  And however shocking to 'Oho mor.il  .sense thin eternal competition of man  jig/iiinst man, and of nation against na-  . tlon may be; however revolting may be  'the accumulation ot misery at the  negative iiole of society, In contract  wilh Mint of monttrous wealth at the  positive pole, this stale of 'things titu-i  abide and grow continually worse so  long as Istnr holds lic-r sway unch-"cited.   It Is the .true riddle ot the Sphlnt.  ' an'd every nation which does not solve  it will sooner or later be devoured .by  and liior.swr itself 'has generated. 1  have .given 'the views of this dl.'-  itingulshed nun as fully as ipossl'b'.e,  so, tthat no injustice .may be clone Jilin  in our criticism of these views. Prof.  Huxley wt.s not only a thinker. Ibut .ie  wan -a very inlluentinl teacher. Two  cln.--f-.es iind comfort .front his teuchln  those  wlio  want  things to remain  ai  .they ine,-nnd those who see w It'll lilm  .the evils, ibut seo no  reasonable  way  ��� out of ihe difficulty. Now, ir we let  (things 'remain as they are, certain destruction stales us in the face, and it  two do not attempt .to solve the rid.113.  ��� our'���failure in this direction would  prove that we <vfere less competent, lejs  able 'than 'those, wiho 'liave preceded us.  AVe havo tin the. (past tackled many a  wrong and injustice, and have,' successfully swept them, out of the way.  ���and we tan if���we will grapple with this,  for wo aro ��� wiser and 'better in every  i way 'than Uiose wtlio .Have gone befor-;,  ���anldl we can Jlnd a solution .that will do  '��� aittty with    for ever    this   senseless,  heartless struggle.    Huxley seems   lo  me to imix things up a little. On the  ���one"hand he'speaks as If there wns no  way of avoiding this struggle, and on  .the other hand he tells us tlra.t this is  our riddle, and tihat If we do not solve  .it we are sure to be devoured. To say  .tihat this rldffie 01- struggle is unsolv-  ��� tuble is nonsense. lit is solvable, and  because It Is solvable, a terrible reppon-  ,. slbility lies upon us1' to do our best to  .' have It solved.   But any readers may  ; nsk wiho or what 1s this Iatar of which  he speaks so much about.   I find Istar  was a Ba.bylon1am goddess, who cotn-  " blued tlie attributes of Aphrodite and  Ares.   In life there is .what is called  the; moral and-tihe��� non-moral, the et'i  ~ical_ariditlie��� non~othlcaI.���"Istar~Tepre-  tfents w'liajt Is non-moral and non-eth-  -'-icai.'- Huxley represents what Is non-  moral' and ' non-ethical 'usdominating-  industrial  life,  and  says  the present  atatte of things will continue as 'long  lis;Istar holds sway.   If Istar    Is re-  -sponslblewhy not  . Chuck 'Her Overboard?  '���Why not oluuige the gocKliess, or the  'Idea, or 'the sentiment? Why should  the non-monnl reign \viheiil thorv is a  moral '|x>wer, a mural Idea and a moral  influence? Why permit the non-ethical'to dominate over'the ethical? Why  -should the Inhuman, the barbarous  heathen take the plnce of a. god of  ;love, of Justice and of'light? Wby?  '.Such changes have taken place before.  Jinny.nations and 'jieoplesliave thrown  utwny false gods; and with them, false  .Metis, false opinions, nnid false systems. Surely; we have ithe moral cour-  ��Be to do what others have1 done.. If  what this Istar retpiesents produces  suoh miseries, and such Injustices,  surely there Is nothing left for. us, but  to 'hurl It from its throne, and set up  what Is Just, honest end true. To me  it la a 'monstrous 'Idea to set <up Istar  everything. Our God has botli a moral  ���and ethical nature. He makes no compromises, no compacts with . what, is  non-moral and non-eihical. A moral  Clod rules, anil because He rules we  musL xicul with the .-iruggle in harmony wltit tli; elements of the rmorul  netuio 'both tat" man ami of Clod. Fur-  thsv you see that Huxley makes the  cinitn-jt'.nd���multiply nnd replenish tlie  cai-th, 'and obedience to the command  ���.he chief cause of this struggle for ov-  istetice. I do net believe a word of t'he  argument. 1 believe that God wus and  Is wiser than the' wlsem of our so-c-nll-  ,ed wise nren. Kveiy cciniiiand He h-ts  given was a Hvirg comntand, and lit:-  moro pei-leetly mnn huts obeyed the  more has he experienced 'the real pleasures of life. There i.s- land enough, soil  enough and food enough for a. popula-  t'ion far larger tlirin what exists today. Why does he s.iy that'll is a  moiMlroui! <hlcu to siippoxe fait there is  food emnigh to supply a.ll. Ot course  there arc some lands like 'the old land  'where iihe land does not produce  enough fur t'he people. But why? One  'chief reason is, lIi.il tlie land has been  thievishly taken, and the' people are  not allowed lo produce. Theie you .liave  the sore point, and one of -the chief  caiisis why .this struggle Is so Intense.  The kind and lis contents have boon  stolen'from lihe people, 'they liave passed into th'e hands or the few, and the  many are 'impoverished, and the few-  are enriched. This 'population fad is a  bugaboo. lit is a red iherrlng drawn  across the 'track, to divert the minds  of 'thinking mon away from the reil  cause of the stiuggle. if aL the negative pole we 'have  A ltevolting Accumulation of Misery,  nnd if ��a tihe positive pole we liave a  monstrous accumulation of wealth, dj-  pend .upon it no sune man in his heart  believes 'that the increase of population Is doing that. The rich are just  like 'llie pour. If uhe .rich 'have smaller  families ithey spend a. 'thousand times  more on vice than Uie .poor spend on  virtue,, mid yet tihe one class grows  richer, unci the other, whioli 1s on the  side -of God ami virtue, grows poorer.  Men will gulp down a lot of nonsense  now and than, 'but in accounting .for  this 'vicious'struggle men must, have  a cause commensurate witdi. the' dls  ease. He, next deals with ohemp goods.  Prom the point of view whlcih .the.old  land supplies- ho says. we ,wnnt rood  Isn't' it strange 'that such a. demand  a?_____lis_sbouid bel h��u-d_l n_Bngl'n nd  Ireland and Scotland, where there are  thousands, of racres. untouched,, and  whew 'there are thousand"! prevented  from tilling tho 'soli 'because of rack  rents. That Is whirl the present sya  tern has done 1n the old hind���they liave  to look to other lands for the food  .which they could produce for themselves If the land belonged to the people whose ���liiwtul heritage It Is. We,  iheisays, 'manuftiotiurc, other lands have  .food to, sell, Our customer iv.i tu rally  want to get tho uno��l and the best In  exchange for their ;i>roducc. If our  goods are '-Inferior to those of our competitors, .they will prefer others to our  own. There are two reasons'only why  ours should be .'���'preferred���llrst,' tih.nt  they <ire ns eoodi, '.and, second, that  Chey are 'I'heiuper.; ��� To manufacture  goods we inii��l have more skill, more  iknowledgie, and more Industry among  our wonkeits, but 'us the cost of lalbor Is  an taiipoi-tiiint item in the cost of pi-o-  duotlon wetmual nilnlimlse that as much  na iposslble. Cheap labor and cheap  production iaire not synonymous, but it  is evident that wages cannot go beyond a contain point without destroying th'e aheapnesa of tihe article.  Cheapness then Is an essential factor  in tplace of God���the God of Christian  Hy.   Change the God and you. <Shange Jn our efforts ito compete successfully  ���in 'the markets of the world. Here is  an attehitpt to bulM a pyramid with  an Inverted column, and an attempt to  raise a structure without flrst laying a  broad and solid foundation. Cheapness,  how often ils that mide~a toe all and  an end all In our Industrial life, and  yet no man believes thnt cheap labor  lessens this ttnuggle. The reverse > Is  time, eternally true that low wages prolong nnd Intensify the struggle. Isn't  It then an tiitin__Iiig thing, that the men  upon wJioin tlie whole In'du&trlnl fabric  rests, thnt the men \vho labor for nil  i;iid*supiK>rt all, that the cure roi- this  struggle is snld to be, reduction of their  wages. There is something rotten In  cm- Denmark, ,77   "!      ��   .  Soniethlng iRadlcally Wrong,  ,  when those who are the foundations of  om- inuiiiclpal v"and .national  life are  compelled  to get, .and are advised  to  get. the- meanest, shu'Mdest: and' liborest  ���living; of. all. V Huxley '.next  advances  to deal withsocial stability.   By KO-'ial  stability  iie  means,:.- .that, 'society .is  stable, .when the wants of its 'members  obtain as hiiich'...',satisfaction, as life,  common   seivie,'.. and 'experience shou'  may. be- reasonably exipe'eted. . It .re-  quires no,argument, however, to prove  Uiat when the price of labor sinks below; a certain''point, theworkei-: falls  iiito, that; condition .which ithe French  call la.niisere.:7-;It is    a.,-.condition iii  ���which the. food, '''warmth, clothing -which  are necessary foi- tha mere .maintenance  pf.:'the .tfunfctions o-l the body7in. their  normal state cajinot .bemain tallied; in  which men, - .women . <ind! chlldi-eri are  forced xooiwvd. into-dens wherein cl5-  cency .is tfbbiishe'd,, and the most .prill-'  nary .con'ditiqns^f healthful existence  are'impossible oi' 'attainment;': in wihlchi  the pleasures.-witMn reach are i-educeel  to   beatialky.', aiid ��� diiun'keriness,'���:���.'  in  ���which; titie.5>ains a'ccuniul-ite witli uc-iii-  POUud: interest .'.In,'the. shape of stai-va-.  tion,, disea.se,-.-sturit'ed-, dihysicar:'.:deyel-'  osmvant,: and.' aiioral r^degredatioiv;    in  which the prospect of even .'steady work  and .honest linduslry is d.life qf..v.iisiic;-.  cessfurjba'btl'ing -withy'hunger, souhdod  by-a 'pauper's grave.';_He;recognises all  the'seV things,. Ohat.7 there .: Js a. :sbci.il  sw^m-p; iii',wihlch.ithbu'^hnds'-'arb.'strug-.  gling,'arid .into   wiliich:. tiioiisaiitls  are  sii'd'iiig. ail the Avblle,- a nd-: then .��� he -ion-.  eludes aiiy full and .periiianent deyel-  opmient of ithe prodiic.tive powera of;'an'  inclusitrial populatlon-'in'tist-b'e.coinpat-  itble'.i.wltli-. and;, indeed'���( fbased .upon :a  social organization" which AVill'secure a  fair amount" bf physical and ntcral: wel-  raire to'the population; which*, w'ill in tike  fbi'"good'ancl riot-eyil.'': But.how.is this,  to 'be brouglvtaiboutv.; One thing Is'.evi-  .dten t.',. this social 'organization; of which  he speaks is not now iiv.exlsteiice. Can  \ye;i|ioipe that'the present,sys.teiii: whicli  ls;*ased onstruggle���stsoigg-Ie from' the  beginning-Ito the:end"pf;:llfeV;wili bring  . this, to pass 1. .IVou'.- see J that.Huxley:: re  cognizes .the heeds::-!6fi-.-irihrii-- ami. that  ir inian'.is';to be;kept in; his ipra;Ve'i-place  and'pqsition,; these, needs ;i'iiust ,be supplied, ,'but how ?.;��� Does he aippeai-to 'the  *eapItailst:tq-ci'o7tliis?. iThe.'.faot.or.tiie  great socinl yswaiup,*; the ;-picture7.of  whlcli he:;ha^ 'so.;. powerftilly 7:d!-a\vn  would; seeuii."'lo*p;rqv& that 7 7;777'7;  Xyiiy .^!s;PhllanthropIc ,:Idea77-7 ,;;,,'  was 'none 'of, 'tlieii-7bu'siiiess7.:7To ��� such-  '���ine'ri.'jtih'e.;chief, consideration is'how-:to  get; cheap : laibor,;: biif -whether, the.' l^a^-.  wai'd gi'Vieri to aabdivis siiinc-ien'i to 'iceap,  a  man.out. of-the.,swamp--thal [is a  ���point ;wh|ch does:not-'seem.;to.ooncei'n  themO "Does h'e. -mean: to compel them?  Is  that; thel.directloriv; In- whlcli-;his;  thoughts;aa-e.runnlhg?  Then,you.strike  a. ipoiwerf ill blow'at .Uiat'monstrbus 'idol1  called..Indivlclualiism.'/Does, he:appeal  to tlhe govei-hihent?   .We all iknow tha.t  gbverriimehts 'light shy of such: a ciues-  tion.'.;. They all with' one consent beg to  'be excused.;  But does' he h'int. that it  oug'ht ito;be, and must, be .-their business. ,'He ,shudders', ait,��� the thought of  the All-powerful, to tis who> /believe  that the Son of God Is the Son of aian,  to lus iwho believe that man Is the? diHd  of God, and that He ever is on the-' side  of finaii, we have faith, we have hope,  ���we have love. We have a faith tha-t  the purposes of the Divine include Uie*  well Ibeing of .man here and now, a  hope thnt out of the wrangling, the  thinking and the wills of the times  will come forth a brighter era, JusUr  laws, and better conditions for all, a'll  a love strong und full enough to woitk  and stirrer ror the brotherhood of nia.ii.  until in ihe hinds or their fathers ull  sihuil -work for the good of eaoh aiid  each for the good of all, and iwhen out  of the laud of their lathers they shall  receive enough and to spare for every  need of body,  mind and soul.  NATT ONlAb ; AN'D INTBRiNATIOXA L.  The Brick aiid TeniiJ Cotta Workers  haive .now 65 unions, and a membership  of 4.5C0.     . '    .7 '���',.' ;;- ���.-  .7   -.  Tlie Naition'al Gas, Worlkens haven.IS  local' -. unlions wliUi ii7 ineinbei-__li.lip ot  l.SOO.- Unions have 'beeii.formed at New  Yonk, 'Ohio and Michigan.,  . 'Steam Englneei'sihave 7o ,uiiions.0T,!ie  membership;Is ovei-,0,0tlO. 7    7  'The Hatters report trade good. Tliey  have' 25 unions'.and; albout, S,000 .ihehi-  ibers. ���: - -���: yX:.     ���'���'���-      ��� : 'X.\-  illusicians have 171 local���'���unlohs.-V;Tlli'o  Pi-ompter-s- of .Hartford,;.Conn./h'aveap-  p'lled- for a chaiiter, which'can- no-w, be  granted under the A. P. of -M.  ���  ,'Seci-eitary Paitltei*on,;wf the .Paving  Cutters' union, siriates they 'have io.lo-  cal"; untlpn's, '..with aliout 200imembev3.  Traders good. ;;;:-; ��� ������'������7'''.'-.. ���'.,  iT'li(>s.,0'Don'hell, of the Spinners, re-  poiits': that nearly/nil t'he .nieiiUbers are  working full itlme.. T.hey, have.22-local unions,' with a nt'smhership of 2,700.  7.: The .'Stave ;���'Mounters'*' have 4:1 ioctiis  aind iyMO^nembers'.-',.:,;-;-:'.'. -i-ii ������,������'".':-.s7  ,; Secretary B.-Bray, of the Sheet:Metal  ;Wd.rl-ei's, says that iooi \yas*--the banner  year for ihis union. They added 57 'hew;  locals and the;., membership'.. .was'.-.'-'in-;'  creased '50 iter Cent; Local uliioiis,' 17ti;  members,- 5,000..; ���.;���.-'���;���." 7 * ��� * ;��� ���7:777 v  '. The aiveinbe'rshi'p of'tiie,Tai'lors':uiii6ii  is;i(',ooo77;.7:';V:'':'F'::'',;r'7r7'7;-;;:7:7;7-"':-  The '.-Watch-case, Engravers htiye; nine  loceil unions and- 467,-menibers'. .:Duntng  the year one de^th, benefit cosit:theiit1  JJI39.25::7Th!irty::'U.n'eini'pIdyed received  $130.80.:;; indications; point;; to ; a* good  siprtng;:tmdo.-,������;'.-',   ���.      '���;���:' "liXioixiy'lyyiiy  XVe are offering great b.irgnlns In  oak goods, carving sets and smnll sterling goods that arrived too late to open  -Xinfls.   Call and examine them.  DAVBDS��N BROS.  THE   JCWELLfRS.  P.O.BOX29C. ���   .PH0K1!1���.  W. Jo- MIcMilLLAN & Co.,  Wholesale Agents koii  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  Brands:  MO-N'OGRAM, .MARGUERITA, BOUQUET  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL COXBOR, SARAKTIZADOS, SCHILLER  .;.,;: .socxalists7.mbetinG.,:,:;-:7?  : Last;, Sunday ���.'.'evening Mr.; B.-Bu'rhs  lectured; St., Socialist,diall,.; 132Jpow'eli'  street. VTlie;1;subject^- wast .''Socialist  View of Vice;and Crime.;',* The;leeturer  .contended;-that!7th'e.-'two ;great factors  of. heredlty;and;.environment 'wei-e..responsible 'foivcrinie and sin, :and;k was  'and'It. was only by.bringingsociail and  eeoiionilc. cbnditionsi'favorable"to.moi;-.  ality that:.cr|mo;:and S'ice;Couid.be;era-  dicatedi,7Next:Sunday.,.eyening;;Mi'..lJ.  .Boult. Will lecture,; his .subject;being,  ���'iSoeialisni:and_:\\'ar.'7:: 7;77*;7^-:  ���'.;'Bvei'yohe.'is:;inyited:to attend these  ine'etings.;*:';7".'.7-*7'7:7'--7 ':X.;X iyiXy-.i; i-y,i  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vnncouvcr, B. C." *  Union Directory.  THE ..'������ VA'NCOUVER'���:'���'TRADES7: AiND  ������'LaJior. Council meets first and ��������� third  Thursday in: each; 'mouth, - at:7:30 p. ,m.  President; XV:'J. liintrlek: vice-president.  P.'J.' Russell: secretnry, T* H. Cro^;; Bn-'  aneia.l secretary;: J. *T; Lllley;,���treasurer,-  C. Crowder;, sergeant-at-arms, C. . J.  Salter; statistician,;J. 'li:������'Browne.:-' ������;��� ���,'���:.'  JOURlN'iliY.MiBN ' BARBliHS' ' INTBfiiNA-,  :: TlOSMf .UNION; :No. 120���President,.  G. W. Isaacs;���'vice-president:'Fred.' Ham:  eorrespondlng'-'financial' secretitry, J. ���'. A.  Stewari;;5t Cordova St;! recorder, C.:D.  -^torgnn; treasurer.' B.. '"Morgan; -��� guide, i-,.  A. -Bradley; guardian, ��� P.::'J:.. Bennett:  deleg-ates to T.-t'L.; Council: G.-W;  Isaacs atidPreil.- Hume. Meets.first and:  third Wednesdays ���: of." each , month, in  Union Hnll. V';' ,���" :���    -���;������-.-���;���:���,;:..y:yiy. -.,';���  TKI3 RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNA-  TIONAIi PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In','O'Brien's Ilall, the firsti andF  third Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  rhilllp. president: XV. 3. I_amrlqk, secretary, :_MS Princess street.  TEXAIja illNERS' UNIOX, No. 113, W.  P. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30p.jn.  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,  K. Altken; vice-president,' C: A. Melvllte;  secretarv, A. Raper. Van Anda,'B. C;  treasurer, ?I. V. Price; conductor, P.  Burt:'warden."'John ���T.lnklriter.  ��� Ont;;  CANADIAN.  The Stoniemasons  of    Preston  have organized a union.  The,tailors of Berlin, Out., aind Findlay,   Ont.,  liave organized .unions.  For stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money back, :50c box.  McDowell,: Atkins, Watson Co.  C'*C1KS, \VAlTliRS AND \VArTRESSES'  Union. Local No. 2S. President, Chas.  Over; vlce-pri>sident, W. W. Nelson; recording secretary. Jns. H. Perkins; financial 'secretarv, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellendor. Meeting every Friday  at R.30 p. m. In Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  V-A'NCOU''R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION",  ���No. 23C! meets the last Sunday, in-each  month1 at Union Hail. President, ���: C. S.  Campbell; vice-president A.: J. :McKay;  secretary, * S.:; J. .:.Gothtu-d. P.: O.-.: box . Ul;  treasurer,; AV.BraiHl;-;sergeant-at-tu-ms,,  R..:A.Stoney;. executive committee.-P.'  AV.-;Fowler, E.;��� U'������Woodruff, XV. Brand.,  Robt;, Todd; delegates, to Trades and  liibbr: Council, W.' Brand, Robt."������Todd,  J. H. Browne.:::;;;;.: :���::;-.    '';!������������'���"'���.;���',���'  STREET RAILWAY MUX'S UNION-  Meets second and fourthAVednesday of  each : month, in Sutherland: Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Streot  at S, p. m. President. G. Dickie: vice-president, John Frlzzell; ��� secretar)-;; A. G.  Perry: treasurer, H. Vnnderwalker: conductor, Ed. Manning; warden. D. Smith;  sentinel, T.1 Dubberley; , delegates;���.:. to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Diokio  and H. A.  McDonald.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, and Joiners-Meets every  second and fourth Thursday In Union  Hal], room No., 3. President, G. Dobbin;  vice-president, J. 51. Slnclnlr; recording  secretary, XV. T. MaeMullen; financial  secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, ,T.  Ferguson: conductor. R.MncKenzie;. warden, J. MeCDcod;; delegates to T. and L.  council, Robt. Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M.  Sinclair.  INTHKNATIOiVAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS-Beavcr Lodge, No. 183���  Meets.second and fourth .Wednesday: to  each month in Union Hall. President,  XVm. Beer: corresponding secretary. H.  Thr.mlns, 72S Hamilton street; financial  secretary, J. H. MoVety, ml Seymour  street.  "VANCOUVER l^ISHERMaiiN-S UmOfC  No. 2. Meets in Labor Hall, Homer  street the last Saturday in each month at  S p. m. Ernest Rnrns, president; Cba_t  Durham, secretary, SIT Hams street.  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CON^  FISCTIONEKS' International Union of  Anicrieti. I_oeaI No. 40, Vancouver, B.  C. President. James Webster; vice-president. J. \V. Wilkinson; recording secretary. Murdo JlaeLean, ^it Westminster  Avenue; financial secretary, H. McMuHln,  Toronto. Candy Co.: treasurer. XV. A.:  Woods. SB Ninth Ave., Mt. JMeasant;  corresponding sooretary, F. Rawllngs,  Barnwell Bros., Gr.-tnvlllc street; mas-  to T. & L. Council: o. W. Isaacs. Meets  first and third Wednesdays of each  month,in Union1 Hall. " '  ClGARiMAKERS' UNION ,NK>. 3Bf���  Meets the;tirst.Tuesday in each montlt  in Union Hall. President. A. Koehdt  vice-president, P. Crowder;;, secretary.  G.' Thomas, Jr.. US Cordova street wests  ti easurer, S. ��� .W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms. J. W;, Brat; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  C. Nelson. ���>  BROTMBRHOOD -Of" PA INTERS AWO  DECORATORS, Local Union No. l.U  Meets every ..-Thursday.<��� In,.-Laibor..Hall.  President, vW.; Pavler: vice-president, "W:  Halliday; reeonllng secretary, E. Crush.  221 Georgia street; financial secretary, A.  Gothard,. ��__: Howe street: u-e.-isurcr, H.  MeSorley.^   JOURNEYMEN" TAILORS' UNION OF  AMERICA, No. ITS���'Meets alternate-  Mondays in rciom 1, Union Hnll. President,' F., Williams, vice-presidont. Mlsu  Graham; recording, secretary, H. O.  Burrltt; financial secretary, Walfredt  Larson; treasurer, C. E. Nellson; sergeant-at-arms, A. J.  Kennedy. ���  "this worldTgoing back to chaos again,  and hates,the thought of beginning tlie  brute struggle over again���but we are  drlfiting these ways. Or Is he thinking  of it new system thait iwlll work out  these changes. He hates socialism, lie  calls tt [fiddle fuddling/ How then Is  ���his panacea to'be carried out V To me  It Is evident thut Huxley, while lie  gives no answer.. >to our i]iie.5tinn,.  while he leaves us In the dai'k. Is yet  on the side of those who demand that  these neeUH shall bo supplied, who s,iy  itlnnly once mid forever you. cannot'turn  back civilization, the brute struggle  Is over for ewer, nnd who will rompel  the govcrnnient by the reason uud  power of 'the ipeople to Inaugurate a  new system that will save man, and  by saving mnn  Save All ThSit Is Best,  ���purest and noblest in life. When we  have said adl that can tbe'.snild. Huxley  ,falls ito.grasp'the situation, there Is H  lack of confidence so iar. as the outlook of humanity is concerned. Why?  Because he lacks both faith and hope.  When he lost his grip of G��d he lost  his grip of man. Still iwe thartk him'  for wthait he has said, aidd for what h'e  hais done. To us who helleve Ini the  irelgn of the All-Juat, -the All-good and  When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.--Telepliose-iJS. :  Telephone 1���2���5 for a* fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow,' Palace livery  stables. .  Drink Red Cross Beer, tho beer that's  pure, 76c pints, tfl.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Soul Liquor Co., 74l> Pender street.  Try a bottle of KiBon Port, tlio suii-  fliino of California, SOc boi.Uo, at Gold  Heal Liquor Co., 7-l(i Pender Btreet.  C. Ellis, corner Cumbio nnd Cordova streets, is thu pluco you cun-Ret  your buir cut in an artistic maiinor.  Kllnt's Dyspepsia Tablet* are guaranteed tQ restore falling appetite and  correct, any kind of stomach trouble.  60 c. box. McDowell, AOcins, Watson  Co.  Pay up your subsorlptton to the Independent, tit Soes not cost you much  and.you ehouldnot hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor pa7  per.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  bmlder up of the weak"���50c bottlo.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender streot.  I IW VW��i.  im Mini (inf|(!(i  uuu in ilmy u luiiII ul)  Sujifily  From Their Nnnnimo,bouthBeldand  Protection lslnm) 'Collieries,  Steam, Qas  and  House Coal  Of the Following (1 miles:  Double Screened X-ump,  Run of tlie Mine,  Waehed Nutand  tBcramaaiiotw*-  SAMUEL M. ROHIN8, Siiperlntendent,  EVANS, OOLKMAN A KVAN8, Agouti,  Vancouver City. B. (J.  :C��:NMdiiBN?l.7;7;  -and-  DELICIOUS WINE  Mads Exci.i��ivei.v khom e. C. Fruit.  FKESH CUT FLOWERS.  UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip around tho  Park call on  W. f��. Jonea BT.^<!u0int  PAcinc  LSNE  Worlds  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all relate Is Canada and the United Btataa.  THK FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TRA]��  CHOOSING THE CONTINENT.  iltUNGS POa JArAN AND CHINA.  Emprctra of India .Dec. 30  Athenian .....,,,......Jou. IS  Kraprenaof Japan......................... Jan. 27  and every four weeks thereafter.  aAiLiNa Jon honoltod A_n> avitsaua.  Aorangl , Jan 1*  Moana.:.....................*,.,...;,,,...;..Feb. ��  Miowera .....y.............I....:.;....XI.Varl  and every font weeks thereafter.  For fmther partloulars as to time ratea et  apply to  E. Jf.COYLE, JAMES 8CIATB  A. O. P. A. Ticket Agent,  .  Vancouver, B. C, 428 Hasting! Bit,  Vanooavor, B. B,  '"!|  f."I  ,1 WASTE-HEAT ENGINE  PROF. JOSSE'S DEVELOPMENT OF AN  IMPORTANT INVENTION.  Kudenvur to ttccov��-r All or Part uf tlie do  Decreet* of Heat 'Milch I�� Ji Demi l.n.%  In Chilly tlie I'l'i^eHt Mjle itt liuitltio���  Ammonia uml .sulphur Dioxiile' Aru  Uftvd���Ciuittl Wiii-kiiiuiiKlitp I m punitive.  Trot, E. Josso, of the Uoyal Technical High School in CIliuiTotlon-  burg, Geiiiiiin.v, liits been ior several  years oxperiiiieniini; with nn iiii.v-  iliary itiulor designed to Increase tho  odicieiicy of Mai.niii.uy .steam engines by utilizing the beta which  goes to wttsi.o in tin; c.\Iniu.st steam  of ii high-pressure, or in tho cir-  culdiing wnter ot' a low-pressure, or  condensing', sluum engine.  It wus in thu ituuiniu of IS''!! Hint  the first, public -trials were  tho new  motor,  und,  a:  of these  trials'' wns  to  an .economy of from  cent,  iu  Uie  a  company  ing  I"'.  ���M>  lt  is  work-  per  nro  iind  ure  tlie  the  Both  Hindu of  the ., result  ilc-iiionslriite  to -10 per  ���ciieriilliin of power,  wax organized for the  purpose of working out the new system, und preparations were liiiule to  continue the experiments liy l'rof.  Josse on a much larger scale, under  conditions which would permit of absolutely complete nml exact measurements, at every stage of the process, and give a' conclusive verdict  as to the cost, practicability, . and  economic value of the invention.  It is'well known Umt a-largo proportion of the tliurninl energy  livered to a steam engine from  boiler is lost in the unused  which exhausts into the air  noncondensing engine or  sorbed by tlie colli water of tho condenser in n low-pressure machine.  Compound engines of .modern improved types economize tliis waste  power to nn important degree by  using the steam' successively, in a  second, third, ami. even fourth cylinder, but even then there remains  a dead loss of nbout (50 degrees of  heat, 'namely, llie difference ��� between tlie temperature of the condenser (1-10 degrees K.) and that of  the circulating water, which  average about CO clegr  idea of tlie present,  itiv,-  ilc-  its  steam  of       a  s       ab-  gularly employed at the technical  high school for electric-lighting and  cxperiniciiliil purposes. The engine  is of an'improved modern type, tho  high and. intermediate pressure 'cylinders being placed tandem' and  horizontal, while the low-pressure  cylinder is vertical, and ull threo  not upon the same crank and driving  shaft.  The cold-vapor, cylinder is made of  cast iron co\crcd. not witli a. Iient-  jucliel, but with a siiuplu sheel-  ti c'uMitg packed witli fell,  portioned for a maximum  ing pressure ... of -lf> pounds  square  inch.  Thu vaporizer and condense  of iron, cylindrical in form,  about ten feet in length.' They  bet in n steel frame, one above  other, and the pump -which injects  tiie lliplid dioxide coming from  condenser up into Hie vaporizer  iinderiicalli the condenser,  contain a .system of tubes very carefully made and lilted, so ns lo pro-  vent the leakage of Water or dioxide.  Tlio vaporizer, which fulfills the  ot n cold-steam boiler,  a-IJ inches       internal  and has about Toil  square foci of .heating surl'tioii  which tlie exhaust steam of the  gine acts upon the liciuicl dioxide and  converts it. into vapor. It then  passes through the cold-vapor cylin2  der and return's to the condenser,  which has an internal diameter of -ll  inches and nbout T20 square feet ot  cooling surface. Valves arc set. iu  both pipe systems, so Hint, sections  can be cut out for examination und  repair without withdrawal of the  dioxide. The feed pump is worked  by an eccentric on the main shall,  and requires only three-fourths of  on�� per cent, of Hie developed "power  of, the engine. ..Tho above arrangement of the different parts  course merely arbitrary  adopted to secure tne ut.most  omy of space, but the  SIMPLE RAIN GAUGE  THE TYPE MOST  COMMONLY IN USE  IS HERE DESCRIBED.  function  i.s of  diameter,  by  cu  lt la Not Self-Kecoriliiiir. Hut Require*  the L'��t) of ii Mi'UkUi'llic Mirk��� Uovrlt  Should lie Mutlr.-'lhe Collector Miollltl  lie Larger lluin tliu Hulilcr. umt I'm-  vision Muilc for nvtaritov\.  There arc several types of ruin  gauge iu Use. Some oi . mm are  self-recording. Tlie most 'common  typo is thai here described, however, uml ihis calls for the use of a  measuring slick in addition lo the  gaugo proper.  The instrument is composed of  three, purls: An uiljustildu top1, or  collector,- indicated .ut. A in the  drawing; a tube, or holder,.-I!;-, und  au '��� overflow nltncluiic-ul, C. The  top is made wide ami During., so as  lo cnteh us much Water as possible-,  and is provided Willi u short, tubular projection at tho bottom lo lit  into the tube. The lube is deep  and slender, accurate measurement  being promoted by this moans.  Thu diameter of tlie top is eight  inches, and that of thu lube. or  holder, __,Oil.' Consequently tho one  has- an area leu times larger than  the other, and ten inches of,-.water in  tlm tube menus, ilint one' inch has  fallen in the collector. Ono inch  in the tube indicates a ir.inlall of tt  ��� tenth of an ���inch. After a rainstorm, Ihe; iiK'iisuremeiil is u.aili;  with a slender Ilnl. stick .graduated  nd  u-nths.  not. eighths.  "JOHN INGLESANT.'  Sketch of JoReph Henry Short*inuie,Whai*  hlugln Novel 11km one of the Mokt Re-  nmrkuUle l.iui* on llroord,  Joseph Henry Sliorthotiso, whose  serious illness is announced, is* preeminently the mnn of a single book.  His novel, "John liiglcsanl," has  had one of the most remarkable tuns  ot popularity on neonl. Thu author,  a niiiiiiifac'l'.rcr of sulphuric acid, is,  wilb Mr. i. ...I'lHber'-iiin and Sir K.  e>. tit" gift of the Alidland  ;i--im:In-i:i l.o the rest     ot  I'.nriu'  t.'ity  "LADY OF DUMFRIES"  NORMA   MUNRO   AFTER THE   TITLE  AND THE RICH ESTATES.  is  and  it is  will  The  to  a   �� isn   III  VI    .oU1 1 VI.1    I   .1,1 .1  utilize this wasted ' heat for   evapoi-  atmg a liquid  which     boils        and  therefore volatizes,  at a much. Towel  temperature     llinn water.      Two  of  such     liquids���ammonia and  siilpiuu  dioxide���hnvo  been  successfully   used  in  the  refrigerating  industry.      Foi  the reasons that sulphur dioxide has  a viscous consistency and docs    not  attack,  but, on the contrary,  lubn-  tates, non, and because tho piessuie  of its vapors nt the tempciauuc    of  waste steam is .readily controlled, it  has  been used  fiom  the Inst as the  bost matci inl  foi   this puippsc       At  140   degrees F.,  wliich is   the temperature of steam in a maximum or  80 per cent, vacuum, sulphur dioxide  vapor'has a pressure of 15GJ pounds  per square inch, while at ijO degrees  F.,  the mean'temperature of    . the  cooling water in the condenser,, the  pressure   is   ..about     41 pounds per  square inch.     Theie is,  theiefore, ft  range of 80 degrees P.,  throughout  ���which the exhaust steam from       a  steam  engine  will  evaporate       sul-  , phur'dioxide with such    energy that  its vapor will exert a ready     and  potent expansive force.     The     conservation    of this expansive      force  as a mechanical motive power is the  function of the. "wnsle-hcul," or, as  it     is    otherwise culled,  the "cold-  stenm,"  engine.     For this  purpose,  an additional  or auxiliary      single-  cylinder engine  is placed      adjacent  to the steam engine and genicd either to the same driving shaft or, run  independently with  its  own  driving  shaft and  fly wheel.     The    sulphur  dioxide is evaporated  by the       exhaust steam heat in a special  typo  of boiler called the "atomizer."    The  vapor thus generated passes through  the cylinder,-and,  its effective work  being done, it escapes into  the   sul-  ��� phur���dioxidc _co��densei.   wliere  it  is  of  was  ccon-  condenser and  evaporizer may lie placed in" any desired position 'Coincident to the engine and best adapted to local conditions. Thus constituted and arranged, the wnste-hont.engiiuj.nl the  technical high school lias been run  almost continually since tlie end of  September, 1000, without accident  or any serious eliuiculty. During  ��� the-hours when the storage batteries  are being charged, it Tins boon run  tip l.o a speed of 108 revolutions per  minute.  The load has been a direct-connected continuous-current dynamo  a  niLed  output,  at  150  of 400 amperes and 240 volts, which,  as    the  otiicial  report slates,    was  sometimes overloaded as high ns 40  per cent, as a mean's of- testing    tlio  increased  capacity  obtained  by    the  addition  of the waste-heat   cylinder,  -esult.uin'respect to both steam  ind   electrical ;  output,  lias been measured by tbo highly perfected .standardized 'instruments   and  methods   . with .   which . the; technical  high school'is fully equipped.  ���������Tlio    report'   of Prof.  Josso,  from  which the foregoing results are    derived, goes extensively-into the ques-  of comparative, casts of installa-  Condensed  to thoir most con-  his conclusions  ��� Willi  revolutions,  The re  consumption  SMUGGLING A DOG.  A VPeman'�� Extraordinary Hut Uu��uce��i*  fui Attempt to t.et u Fox 1'cifler Into  Kncltcml M ii'hout a l.lecnie.  An amusing charge arising out of  a. lady's attempt to smuggle a dog  Into England on thu Ostond-Dover  mailboat wus hoard 'by"'the ��� Dover  magistrates recently and a line ol  six guineas and costs was indicted,  says Tho London Daily Telegraph.  Mr. Max Jluller, of 6S Charlotto  street, Fitzroy square, London, had  acknowledged the ownership of the  clog, and the summons wus issued  itgnlnst him. The lady had given  nn address in Leicester square,which  proved to be wrong.  Walter John Haines, examining officer of His llnjosty's customs,: stationed nt Dover, said that curly on  tlio morning of August 31st he. was  present at-the landing of the passengers at the Admiralty pier,: Dover, from the Belgian mail .packet  Princess Hcnriotle. Ho noticed a  lady and gcntlemnn land, and challenged the gentleman as to whether  he had any ..baggage to be searched  ,.,,_, ,,        i.i and he replied:      "No."      As      tlio  inn, Scotland,    t.eorge,  the     last, lndy passed the witness sho stumbled  .ord lluiiie, died intestate, and cltir- I  nnd ho at once enmc to the conclusion  The Latter la J-litimatetl to Its Worth  ��.200,000,000,mid Mill Mnnre.Tlirouull  Her Lute Fnlher, the New York Tub-  lisher, Thluk�� slio litis a Good Clulm  ��� A 'luleiiU'd lit-lreM*.      '      .  Norma Munro, a young Now York  girl who. inherited un immense fortune and a lucrative business by the  sudden death not long ago of lier  father, Norman L. Munro, tho publisher, has recently been waging a  legal buttle in Kngluiid, by wlilch,  if she wins, slie will become the Lauy  of Dumfries, and also come into the  possession of nn estate whose value  has been placed as high as $200,-  000,000. At the time of his dcuth  Air.Munro was pushing a eluim to a  share of the estate of the'.ancient  family of Ilunie. ,The property lies  in the County of Dumfries on Sohvay  UK  the  first,  fi  Iho  tho  i oi  lug  OIIS  lion  tiom  cisc  compass,  ....,  ....   __ are  that.,, tt combined steam-vvnstc-heat  plant of 1,(500 horse-power, including  compound .steam engines of 1,200 in-  ilicatecl horse-power aiid a cold-vapor  plant of 400 indicated horse-power,  complete in every detail, would cost  iik.,_.Geriiiany\ 21.2.000 marks (S50,-  456)7.while1 a.- triple-expansion steam  engine of 1,(100 horse-power', without  vapor engine, would, cost. 20(1,000  marks ($49,028), a diflerencc bf only  $1,4247 which, with steam coal at  $4.15 per* ton. as at Berlin, ; would  be saved in a short time by the cold-  vapor; auxiliary.  '���. ������'".'.������'". ������'   .7  GEN. GRANT'S WIDOW.;*  Former MiSLreuft of the "White House Ro-  o c.overln^ From Serious Illness  Mrs. Julia Dent Grant, who is just  recovering from a rather serious illness following upon lier last sojourn  nt her summer home in Cobourg,  Ontario, is now in hor seventy-fifth  year and has enjoyed excellent  health and spirits almost all the  yenrs of her life. The widow of the  great soldier and President was born  at St. Louis, tlie daughter of " '  crick and Ellen Dent.    It was  iiMi'Li: tt.vi.-  O.'.Pl.i:. .  The     stick  is thrust down-in  lubo porpeiidiculiiiTy.  zero end  and      then'   quickl"  withdrawn.      A  glance will     show how,, far . ii]  scale has becii \vet by imniorsion. Jf  there is 2:3 inches of water in  liibe, 7llie rainfall  has been O.li  un.- inch. ������'.'��� ; . V  7  The tube coinnionly used by ,7 thu  Government weather bureau nt its  stations is,20 incites deep, and is  capable of measuring a rainfall���;. of  two full inches,Wliich is a great  amount. ���However,! to. provide for a  still greateru precipitation, it is cus-  lomnry to have un ovoi'llovy attach-  niont, shown at C. Tliis is simply  a. circular can 'eight inches in'diameter, into wliich tho Water Hows when  .the .lubo B is full. In ncuinl ser-  ; vice. the', tube is set inside the '���������"can,  aiid- then the -laring'.top is.adjustocl  to the lube. When more than .two  inches liave fallen',! Uie tube can" be  emptied, iind. then the surplus from;  The can poured'in,' lo be.measured as  the. first .installmentWas.  The gauge may. be made of tin or  sheet copper. -. It is important: that  the diiii/ioters bo strictly according  to: rule,, in order to preserve���,' tlio  proper proportion's between the area  of the-lop and tho cross suction of  the tube. It is also importniit tbat  the ..-instrument., 'ni soul oiilovel  ground,-or in tho centre of a ;lai-ge  flat roof, witli no . fence' railing or  other partial .obstruction to  -wind '.within' ten or'. fifteen foot  building should be nearer than  leel.;:,,- Anything whicli will produce  eddies will cause-more, rain, or: less,  to fall in ihe __a.'ige ihah Ttc'is elsewhere. Consequently, great pains  ''must be taken" In exposing tliis apparatus, or the. rosuUs ���"  leading. r;t is not  two gauges placed, only a few  apart to give very different  lions.��� ;7!   ���'���'.'������.'".':':������' !!_. *.     ' ���  '���' josKi-ii i:k:..._ . ��� ���- . -.t-.-.s-.-..  TCnglnnd. ."Twenty yours, ago,", snys  Tlie London Hail recently, recounting'tho .'-story of-tin; man and his  book, "Mr. ShoiThoiisu was unknown  t'.vct'i'l ns it imiiuifacturcr of chemicals, a,business in which he had  taki'ii an active interest for many  years. Then a. story took form in  hisMirain,:   and ho produced     'John  osnnt,' llut- like niitiiy other faui-  books, it. did" not Jump, into favor at once.. It.y.'ii.slirst published in  l.irniinghain, -tlio edition being exactly one hundred copies. Of theso  fifty, or sixty wx-rc given avvay by the  nittlior himself, and what became" of  the ..remainder, history docs not  slate. People-who had secured the  free Copies said thai the book ought  lo bo published liy some big London  house, but the publishers of the metropolis soenied to .think differently.  .'dr. James Payn, who was  for one firm, rejected it,  publisher followed suit.  Messrs. Mncmillaii��� liud the  the quarrel whicli followed among  heirs most of .ilium died before a  i 11 lenient was lonchcd. The llrit-  s!i (Jrowit tookpossonsion of the es-  'i.te pending an agreement among  ;'iiu. heirs. Mr. Munro discovered  that a;- a grunilnophew of the last  Lord 1.1 time ho was one of the heirs,  ant! in time there wus left only ono  other heir, a Scotsman living in Edinburgh. These two men were on  the roiid to nn agreement', when  both died, within a short spaco of  time. "The Kdinburgh ninn left no  descendants, and Miss Muiiro's lawyers insist, that she is the only heir  to the vast estate. The ladies of tho  houso of-.Hume have always borno  Iho title of -Lndy of Dumfries, but  the title is ono of local use, and not  found  in  the peerage.  Kven without this dazzling future  Miss Munro has hnd ii picturesque  career, and sho is a young woman of  reader  and another  Then     the  ....  -. courage  of their convictions, and printed a i  small edition. And now a strange  tiling happened. A photographer had  succeeded' in. persuading tlie lato Mr.  ("Hailstone to sit before his camera,  and the famous statesman took his  place���} before -tlie;instrument! of., torture with a book under his.arm. The  volume bore tho title of 'John In-  glesant,' printed in gold Tetters in  the usual way, and the light happened to glint upon those two words  mado them show clearly in-the photograph. The portrait of the Premier wus ono of the most pleasing  ever taken, nnd wns published broadcast over the land, ouch copy clearly  .showing the title of the book, and  the result .was a sudden clamorous  demand for the work of Hie new  novelist. Mr. (Hailstone"himself is  reported to have said that it wns  ono of tlie few works of fiction that  ever succeeded in keeping him out of  bed all night."  ii  that she had something concealed under her dress. . Witness directed  them to proceed to thu. siniill'shelter-house on the ploiv und requested  her to produce Whatever she., had  concealed or he would send for tho  female .searcher. The lady and gentleman woro left in Hie sheltor-houso  with the door secured on the outside, and a reasonable time ������������. was  given, them to produce the concealed  article. ! On entering the shelter  ogain the witness..wus surprised ! to  find n fair-sized fox terrier running  about gasping. ���,.'-., Apparently ..the dog  had been tied from tho lady's waist,  and evidently a cloth hnd been placed'.oyer' the animal's mouth to prevent'-'it. from; barking or biting.  Witness asked the couple why  they had hot applied for a license,  and the gentleman replied that  they did not want tho dog placed in  quarantine.''. He was of tho opinion  that the dog belonged to the lady,  who gave the name of "llretzenger."  Ho sent tho dog back to Ostend.  The animal did not seem as if it  had enjoyed the trip. Tho lady  and ' gentlemen'-' were both foreigners.  The dog must have been placed under tho lady's clothes before sho  went on the boat at Ostend.1 The  bench, in inflicting the pcnaltj'.com-  ' mended the customs officer for his  smartness.  HAPPY COMBINATION.  Inventor nnsjiist Designed a Bnby Couch  Combined With a Jllojrcle.  From Arizona comes the up-to-date  machine shown' in the picture below,  tlio'-in'vohtor being '"Fred , Gonzlingcr,  of Phoenix. Of course, it will not  prevent the policeman and nurse  from holding their usual conversations in the park, but otherwise it is  nn improvement over the old style  of baby carriage. Tbe propelling  part of the peraiuhulntor is similar  to a bicycle, while the conch proper  is pivoted at the forward end of the  frame in such a, manner that it can  Uxi,  girls  bufoio  Thi;  the  No  100  Fred  soon  will   b  itnus. mil  1111S-  for  rods  indic.i-  yotir  style  '������������ Ian-  condensed to liquid form and pumped back into the vaporizer, thus  fromlng a cycle and being used over  and over tignin indefinitely, its hits  been fully described in a previous report, which described the expen-  lnents down to the close of I.S'.)')  We    como  now  to  the  subsequent  'operations.,-   Although the      process  is technically direct and siiuplu,     it  was      found   to  t'lvolvu  In     practice  several     new iu"*iiaiilciil ditlii'.tillio'i  As sulphui  dio\ldi' gas is ileloloi ions  to the lungs, a was in ivi-s.iiy       to  make   nil    joints   nnd packing���pui-  ,     tlculiirly thnt of the valve 'nnd piston     rods���so perfect thai, Iiovvovi.i  great tho pressure, nono of tin; dlov-  ide     gus or  liquid  should      escape  In  the piosoiue of nu   oi   wntei.  the  neutral dioxide rapidly oxidizes inio  sulphuric acid, which alt.ticli.s      iron  and other   motnls.      It   Is   therefore  necessuiy  that  the  whole  uppat ul us  shall  be nir nnd wnter tight,      aiid  this,  to  lcslst un  iutci mil    piissuit  of 150 pounds per-square  inch,  qunes     good      miiteiinls,  ..-workmanship,  and  intelligent supoi-  vlsion. whon  in operation.    T'hosiu-  fnce condensoi, winch  is lcqulied   to  transmit, groat quantities  of      bent  cncio".  with a minimum loss of lein-  pei.ituic,   also  loquiicd  sonic special  adaptation to . the treatment, of sulphur dioxide \apor      All those difficulties,  ns lovo.vlorl  by  the      etpeii-  . ments in 3S'"J,  weie cuiefully    pro  vided for in t'to now plant  This wns a cold-vapor cylinder of  \ lOJ-Inch  boie and  "lOJ-inch    stiokc,  which whs attached to n  I50 horsc-  re-  Insl-rl.iss  MItS. JUI.IA  PliXT 01IAST.  after her graduation from a boarding  sijlmol '.hat Hie clinrming .Miss Dent  Jitet nnd enpturod the heart, of the  .then Lieut. (Si'tinl, who Was slatlon-  ed nl .St. Louis. The innrringc took  place on Aug. 22, 1818. When On.  ('I'liitt. loft the Wliilc House his Wife  accompanied him ou his trip around  ihu world and shared In all thu lion  oi's bestowed on Hie hero of tin- civil  war. Afler tin; general's denllr Con-  gross passed a bill giving his widow  a pension of ��5,000 u yeur, upon  which she has cliielly subsisted since  thai time.  po;  r'l  tiiplo-oxpuii-sion  ���t iticli  efficiency,  Gorlitz    en  which is re-  1 l'liot'iirraph l*r��meH.  .The' latest photograph, frame is  novel: as well as pretty. It is in the  form of a tiny screen in two sections. The specimens' now, on ;viow  are but.three or four inches, high.  They arc mounted in regulation  screen fashion, and' tho frames, nre  of mahogany or forest onlc. Only a.  small portrait-can-be .inserted, ' nut  these screen frames lire a pleasing  contrast to -the-glitleririg'-gilt- '��� and  silver photo holders that we have  always  with us.  * Fual Matin Out of Wuntn  One problem which municipal authorities of all countries have been  seeking to solve is how lo best dispose of /The city's garbage. A process has been discovered in France,  by which garbage is converted into  briquettes. It consists of mincing  the refuge straw, paper, nnd the  like and adding tnr and niipthulcnc.  The whole muss is then mixed in a  kneading apparatus, dried and press-  -ed-iuto -britpiet lcs_.^JTje_��breclqr_o^  the Paris municipal laboratory says  that these briquettes havo a slight  odor of gas, burn brightly, and engender heat slowly. Willi a moro  highly perfected method of inanu-  facfuic Ihey will engender less tt.sh,  and the- bent-producing.qualities will  be about the same us those ol common coal.  'lh- JliiuiUiMo .Ueltiorji.l.  The gigantic memorial, illustrative  of the niasstici'o by the Mutaliolc in  18'.)!! of .Major Alun Wilson anil his  i 11-f a tod patrol, upon which Mr.  John Tweed of Chelsea, lias been  engaged .'for the past live years, has  Ju.sl been completed.' The memorial,  whicli i.s being executed at the request of Mr. Cecil Rhodes, will bo  pliiceil ou iho sides of a lingo natural boulder niiild the ruins of Zimbabwe, the supposed silo of ihe town  of tho pru-historlc gold-workers of  Hoiith Africa, and close lo the spot  near Iho Shnngani Ilivor where ihu  nitijor and his tiny band were shot,  down by the wurriors of Lobcngiilti,  while in the act of singing "C_o.il  Suvo the Queen." The inscription  'on the momoriul will be simply the  throe words'. "To brave" men;"  theso having been carved originally  on the bark .of a tree close to where  the bodies were found.  "A J'ull Mull.'! ;'.     .  A trans-Atlantic steamer, currying 'what is called "a full mail," usually tukes 200,000 letters and, 300  sucks of newspapers for London,'to  say nothing of tho 500 und odd  sucks -for other places.  . How to Write to thu 1'opc.  When you write to tliu Pope  letter must bo in Latin. The  need nol bo classical, but. the  gunge is obligatory. Sonic sort of  Latin must bo employed. The letter  must bo addressed to "His Holiness  Pope Leo XI1L, the happily reigning  (Pontiff.)" it iiiusl begin with "Bea-  tissime Pater," Most Blessed Father, and must end with the same expression of regard.  When it reaches the Vn!ticun it has  liitle chance of arriving nt its destination unless somo special precautious have been taken,' for the daily  budget numbers 20,000 documents.  An excellent, way of gelling a teller  into the Pope's bunds is to mnke use  of two envelopes, the outer one directed as. above described, nnd X ���the  inner!one addressed to. "His Holiness  the Pope, the Head of tho Universal  Holy ''Roman-Inquisition." A minor  official wlio opened an envelope thus  addressed would incur the penalty ol  excommunication.' Such communications nre handed to the Pope, who  opens tlicin and pusses them on unread to Cardinal Itnmpolla.  MISS NOKMA MUXItO.  many accomplishments,: ������ Few  have done so intiiiy things  rounding out twenty-two years,  ludy who designs to bo (he future j  Lady of Dumfries has been ndmiliol  to the bar, and was a classmate ot  Miss Helen Gould in the law school.  She bus been tho guiding spirit of  hor father's grout publishing business since his death, yiiehas written a, play that; has found favor  with the critics. Site lias made a  hit in amateur theatricals, tihe i-  an excellent musician., fjhu is an expert yachtswoman, and can hnndli  cither a steam or suiting vessel. SIip I  excels purlieuIr.rly as a whip, loves '  to train her own horses, und is a  conspicuous figure nt tho Lon;4  Branch horse show;*, When but 20.  sho started a magazine, Tlie Impressionist, on money; saved from her allowance as a minor, and: ran it for  a*, yeur. She has written considerable for publication,;and is planning unother mnguzine. Her country  home is a 200-acre estate near West  End, N.J.;   But. in spito of all these  be  1IIOYUI.K IUIIV (lAKItlAU.K.  easily    turned    by the     steering  VC'lreloHB Teletimph for St. ,Tohtt*s.  Above : i.s a,sketch'of St. John's,  the : chief -., port of Newfoundland,  where the Marconi system of wireless telegraphy is about to be tested  thoroughly. .St. John's is only CO  miles from. Cape Race, the dangerous  promontory of Newfoundland, upon  whicli  the   l.ritish  Admiralty  instal-  wheel and chain attached to '.the han-  dlo-b.ir. To relieve the main wheels  , of a portion of the weight there is  I a small trailer nt the rear of the  coach, and this wheel also serves as  a rest when the carriage is detached  from the frame of the    wheel     for  a  doing  to be heart whole and fancy froo,  breezy, sensible girl, bent on "dr  things."  Important ArehmolotjieHl Flntl  A valuable archaeological find t hns |  ust been-reported by;the School of j  is     a'  elating  Archaeology at Athens,    lt  bronze    fragment or plate,       _  "from-tho-.scventh century-B.-C,-con  have the usual adjustments, and it  should bo a pleusuro to the *;nurso  to take the baby! riding'in' this  speedy machine, while it goes without saying that the child oncetaking  a ride -in this carriage will prefer it  to all .others;  lleautlfylnc ItriWleiicn Street*.  attractions  Miss Munro  is  reporlcd j wa]king.       The scut and handle-bar     )  ..���  , . Every"citizen_should-aim-to���en-  Utining    a decree of law cmnnatin., ���     ,    ���0 in tho r0Sidence district tho  from somo high ollicial source, king  or council, which Was intended for  the people of Argos. It was recently uneurthed a few feet below tlie  .surface, near the old Temple Herne-  uin, at Argos, on one of whoso pillars it wns tacked.  Tho inscription is a sort of    com-  pnet*between the City of Argos    and  .ST. JOHN'S, NKWHIIIXDI.ASU'  led the Marconi system,'in order tb"  comiminiciitQ wilh the liritish royal  yuclil, (ipliirV bearing tlin.Dulte and  Duchess of Cornwall nnd York, whon  she approached the Newfoundland  const In October. The idea was to  prevent die possibility of an acci-  u|cnt to the Ophir in waters where  fso ninny steamers have been wrecked  during the present season. ,   AMAT/;K4  A L.&unArymn!i'H Dlifcov-ry.  AiTuundryinan o( Paris hasidlscov-.  crcd la, method; of cleaning fine linen  and other fragile textures without  using soap or otlier chemicals. Instead ��� of 'these ho uses boiled potatoes, which ho rubs into the goods  and . then, rinses them out. It is  said that' this method will make soiled linen, silk'or"cotton," much whiter  and purer than washing in the ordinary way.    ,  J..1l3jr1llil  1 pZ>0| pi  HOL..:(1lTlO _  ,1AmiAM:.'l-AIBoiFOEI  hogoqA'-IWYB-oTi-tf,  fcbTio-u * i;  M::EFrW'  ,_,f��.tfll>^  planting,   cutting  and  proper     care  ��� of    lawns  audi the cultivation      of  shade trees nnd shrubbery in    front  of house lawns.     Trees should     be  placed     in    all  parts '��� ol  tho town  1 where   they   will   grow,  for no ono  I thing adds more to,a town or city's  i beauty and comfort."���'! The planting  of     porenninl    and spring flowering  shrubs between1 theso trees will add  both     variety'  and   beauty to tlio  streot perspectives.  Gambler* timl Wreitler*.  Next to gambling, the Ksquimo  men like to wrestle Tho usual'-way  of doing this is a tost rather of  strength than skill. Tho wrestlers  sit clown on tho Iloor, or In miy  convenient place, side by side, and  facing In opposite dii'eclions, sny  with right elbows touching. Then  they lock arms, nnd each strives to  , Bti'uighton out tbo other's nrm. ,  oring towns. Tt ulna contains j Tho painting of buildings when  ��� innnce rclnting to personal necessary should bo. done with the  4 whteh de cribed the penalty idea of harmony, but not .���ccessari y  ^e'for those who sought to un-; Iho sunicnoss of the euLii'c streot.a.d  re iui   mu-". = . . ���,.,������,,,.   ns   to       call  SKVKKTII CEX'rUI'.V'll.O. II1ION/.K  neighboring towns.    Tt ulso contains  an  violence  in store  mil Its provisions.  Tho fragment, is especially noteworthy/as it vividly portrays tho  'form of' 'the alphabet at this  early stage of timo, and is also ono  of the oldest, known specimens of Ar-  glvo writings in existence. As a forcible'  typo of'criminal code  rnimini:  -t Mnl,iIIiib��.  painting of buildings'  it  aot in such a manner ns to  immediate attention tor''its'olf. Terra'  Jotta and tile faced buildings should  lot be painted, but washed. .,  Henry Hutu VntJ.1i>  lle.iilueili.i.  A London medical journal  assorts  ! that much of'the'-'hcadnclio -*   irom  duo to     the',  worthy of comparison with our mod-  tvhich women suffer.is  em methods ami i i...���.!'-*���.. ��oavy ht.ls they wear.  ���L. ���^ cm ir'_n*"nr-;  w��a*CT-��~^w-^.afrrtadaS^��ltfi^^  ��� ' I  ���v.  tit  1  I  f  M  THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER. B. c.  Eyetcla����e��.  The deposition of moisture on eye.  glasses upon entering a warm room is  very annoying. This can be prevented  . by rubblug tbo glasses every morning  with soft potash soap. Tbe glasses  may then be polished, but un Invisible  film, sufficient to prevent tbe deposit,  will remain,   tic Got the I'ln.  Something glittered iu the mud in the  city's crowded street. It was i\ pin. "{jeo  * phi nnd pick it up. nnd nil dtiy Inns  'II have good luck," muttered .I'.pliMin  ��� he started out to get the pin. lie liud  leiiniid thnt old saying when quite a  child. As lie bent down to reneh the pin  Ills hat fell off and rolled under a cub  ���wheel. His eyeglasses also fell and  liruke on the bard road. A bus caught  Lim on one side and a baker's ran on the  other, the two nearly squeezing the life  out nf him. In making a din-h for the  pnvemeut he upset n cyclist who nt thnt  moment was wheeling round the fnr side  of n cur. Alto^'i titer it wns a great adventure, but he hnd gut the pin.���Loudoi  Answers.  if'a mnn could mako a single rose,  vve should givo him un empire, yet  roses and flowers no less beautiful  aro scattered in profusion ovcr the  ���world, und no one regards them.���  Luther.  If You Could Look  into the future and see the  condition to ���which your  cough, if neglected, will  Bring; you, you would seek  relief at once���and that  naturally would be through  Shiloh's  Consumption  Cure  SHILOH cures Consumption, Bronchitis, Asthma,  and all Lung Troubles. '  Cures Coughs and Colds  in' a day. 25 cents.  Guarantied.   .....  Write to S. C. \VliM,s & Co., Toronto,  Can., for free trial bottle.  Karl's Clover Root Tea purities ihe Blood  Minard's Liniment Cares Garget te Cows.  There aie fifty-five dogs in tlie  United Kingdom to every thousand  inhabitants.  I    S0Z8BQNTfortheTEETH25c  Thirteen Briti'.'h life assurance  ofllces decline proposals from unvac--  cinated persons.  Sovoro colds tiro onsSly cured by tlio. uso of  BicMo't, Auti-Cousunipl i\o Syi un, n medicino of  extraordinary pcueluilini; r.nd ho.ilnw properties, lt is ncl-uo-AIndued by those who limo  used it tis bobi.; tho best modicino sold fur  cousin, cold-,, iiiflfi!.imniinti of tlio Junes, uud  nil nlfections of tlio thro'it anil chest. Its  nKrceub ene.s to tlto hiito nii.lcos it a favorite  with ladies uud children.  Let us'have faith that right mokes  might, und  in tills faith let us,   to  the ond, dare to do our duty, ns we  understand it.���Abraham Lincoln.  C   The British working-class family  spends on an average Sl.4.0 a week  on liquor. "  EXCURSION  TO  ONTARIO  QUEBEC  AND  VIA  M07U.rt holds tho rccoid uniong  composci s of having "written -'__1  compositions.  Beware of Ointments for Catarrh  Tliat Contain Mercury,  ns morcury v. til i urcly destroy tlio sonsoof emell  and eontfilcti-ly deran^o tho whole system when  outcruif. tt through tlio mucous surfaces. Such  articles should noior ho used except on prescriptions from repntablo physicians as tho dum.igo  thsy ./ill do is t-cni'olu to tlio rood you can pos-  iblydori\ofrom tliem. H.iil's Catarrh Curo.  manufactured by F. J. Clioiioy & Co.,Tolcao, O,  contain i uo morciiry, and is tulcon intonmlly,  acting directly upon tho hlcod nnd mucous surfaces of tlio ij stem, lu bit) ins-Hull's Cutanh  Curo boSitiro jotife-ettliOKonuiiio. lt is taken  internally, and mado in Toledo, Ohio, by 1'. J,  Choppy .'* Oo.  Testimonials freo.  pold liy "Di .ipf-icti. pnuo 73c. per bottlo.  Hull's Fuuuly Pills aro tlio boot.  Of the 1.900,328 ���domestic servants  in the United Kingdom only 180,~:j:i  ure men.     ii   HinariTs Liniment Cures DipMlieria.  At the Stroz/.i Palace, in Home,  there is a. book mnde of marble, the  leaves  being of marvellous thinness.  Vftf  $40.00  TORONTO  MONTREAL  AND POINTS WEST THEREOF  Tickets on Sale Dec-2 to 31  Good 3 Months  For particulars call on nearest tiRpnt  Ciiii.-idl.iii .Northern or Great Northern  Kys.,  or address  DAVID   BROWN,  Jr.,  Travelling I'usseugcr Ai;pnt,  l*. O.  Box laSU. Wluuliiec Man.  CANADIAN  EXCURSION  -TO-  EASTERN  CANADA  I.owosfc Hound Trip Rates  to points in uin  ONTARIO, QUEBEC  NEW BRUNSWICK  NOVA SCOTIA  From Dauphin, Grand  View, Portage la Prairie,  Brandon, Hartney, b'mcr-  soo, Man; Rainy River,  -Out^.-and-internicdlatc  points, (0 points In Provinces of Ontario and Quebec, Montreal and West.  EXCURSION  The rate this year for the trip  to the old home In Eastern  Canada aad return  will be,  $40.22  The hest route, for many reasons, in via Minneapolis, St.  I'aul and Chicago, when you  go, usl; the ticket agent to tend  you that way, nud be suro that  your ticket reads via the  BURUNQT9N  No extra charge for scats In  liecllulng Chair Cars. Ask your  home ticket agent for particulars, or write to A. L. fifDE-  M1LLKK, T.P.A.. care lliueii-  dou hotel, Winnipeg, Mnn., or  Hotel Dacotah, GiMud lforks, N.  D.  Ceo. P. Lyman, A. G. P. A., St. Paul, Aiiar.  LIFE A BURDEN.  THE CONDITION    OF MR.    ��AKD-  INIiR, SMITH'S FALLS.  Ho Spent Miserable Days and Sleepless Nights���Hands, Feet nnd  Limbs Still and Swollen.  From tho Uccord, Smith's Falls, Ont.  "There is n. wonderful talk about  Dr. Williams' Pink Tills, why don't  you try them '."  These words wero addressed lo Mr.  Androw Gardiner, o Smith's Falls.  by a friend when ho was in the di'pihs  of di spondency rcgiufling his phy_u.MiI  condition. For three years ho had  suffered so much that llfo had bwoino  a but den to him, and oftentimes he  sa.vn be almost wished that ho might  die. Then he spent miserable d.iys  and sleepless nights, now he is enjoying life. Then his foot, hands ur.d  limbs were still nnd swollen and he  wns tormejilcd with a constant slinging, cruipy sensation in his body  which gave him no rest duy or night*  now he is us supplo as ovcr ho was,  with the'stintless, tho swelling niul  the creepy sensation all gone. lie  attributes it nil to tlio use of Dr.  Williams'  I'lnk Pills.  Mr. Cm-diner is a man of about 05  yiars, nn old and highly respected  resident of Smith's Fulls. Having  heard a good deal of talk about tne  improvement effected in his health by  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, the Kecord  sent arc-porter to ascertain the exact  truth and Mr. Gardiner told him substantially what is related above. He  said that lie tried a number of doctors���as good doctors as tlicre wero  in the country���but got no relief. He  was given' to undei stand that the  trouble wus caused by bad <'iidilation of the blood, but nothing did  him any good. He coultl not wear  boots, lus feet were so swollen; nnd  when be u-ipd to walk his legs fe-lt  like sticks. Finally he was induced  to give Ur. Williams' Pink Pills a  trial. He took six boxes, he said,  but did not see that he wv,s much  better. lie determined to quit taking them, but wus persuaded to continue them for a little while longer.  Wlien lie had taken ten boxes he was  greatly improved, and whon he had  taken twelve boxes ho was so well  that he did not need any more. It is  several months since he has taken  them nnd lie lias hnd no return of  the trouble, When tho reporter saw  him he was wearing his ordinary  boots and ho sard lie could get into  and out of a buggy as well us any  man of his years in the country.  Dr. Williams' plni< Pii|s are the  friend o the weak and ailing. They  surpass ��n cither medicines in their  tonic, strengthening qualities, and  make weak and despondent people  blight, nclive and healthy. ��� These  pills uie sold by dealers in medicine,  or can be hud postpaid, at ."iO cents  per box, or six boxes for S2.30. by  addressing the Dr. Williams Medicine  Co., Brockville, Ont.  INDIAN PRAlRiEDOG HUNTS  Ihe  Little  Animals   Are   Dremed  a  Dainty Dtuli ���>>- tbe Knvajoe'.  The Navajo Indian, while he cannot  be prevailed upon to eat a rabbit, is  greedily fond of fat prairie dogs. Largo  communities of these small animals  abound on the western plains, aud ��bo  Navajo bus resorted to many ingenious  methods for trapping his coveted daln- '  ty. One of them Is by the aid of a bit  of mirror placed nt the entrance to a ���  burrow. 'When the aulnial ventures  from bis bedroom, deep tinder ground,  he sees a familiar Image mocking hlni  at the front door, and he hurries out to  confront the Impudent Intruder, when  lie Is pinned to the ground with ou arrow.  Hut the most ofTeetive method Is  whnt the Indians call the ruin hunt. As  soon as the steady downpour of summer rains begin every Navajo who can  walk repairs to the prairie dog village  with hoes, sharp slicks or nny digging  Implement. With these they hollow  out trenches that will lead the storm  water into ns many burrows ns possible. Soon a little stream Is pouring  down each small borne, and the Inmate,  much disturbed, pops out to see what  tho matter can be. Many of the animals remain under ground until they  aro drowned, and their bodies float to  the surface.  After such n hunt, In which many  Pounds of prairie dogs nre generally  secured, there is a feast for niaiiv days  In the Navajo lints.  Williams' Pianos  add lots to Christmas jollity, and fow gifts nro  moro acceptable. Yon say yon can't afford ono?  Pardon tu for saying you don't know until wo  tell you our tray of securing a good instrument,  on our easy payment plan���well worth your con-  oidetalion. Santa Clans may yet visit your home.  WILLIAMS'   PIANOS  are used exclusively at tho great Hudson's Bay  Company'snlanorecitals overy afternoon and  evening. Hear them under tho touch of an artist . nnd then como to ns for prices and terms.  We havo somo Bllghtly used, good instruments  in block, for etilo cheap.  Forrester & Hatcher,  y. K. C. A. 13LCCK, WINNIPEG.  HI'.!: Id.'o "IJ" Sowing Machines.  ��� tl*ttll��t������i��lll��99*��l<)��l.  For Sale Everywhere  Try our Parlor Matches.  They produce a quick LIGHT  without any objectionable  fumes.     ::���.���.���.:  LIMITED  -    HULL,  CANADA.        '  ��� osoo0��oeo����c*ee����e��osco<iaooo<  Height una Welsttt.  To be perfectly proportioned a man  should weigh twenty-eight pounds for  every foot of his height.  St.  Peteribars Clinrcltca.  St. Petersburg's churches nre the  nios\ splendid of any modern churches  In tne world.  Untiles are often won before they  are fought. To control our passions  wo must govern our hurtits, nnd keep  watch over ourselves in the small details of everyday life.���Sir John Lubbock  lie very circumspect in tho choice  of thy company. In the society of  thine equals thou shall enjoy more  pleasure; in the society of thy  superiors thou shalt Iind more profit.  To be the best in the company is the  way to grow worse ;��� the Vest  means to grow better is to be the  worst there.���Quaries.  BABY'S HEALTH.  The   Teething Period Dangerous  Little Ones and Very Trying  to Mothers.  to  ITo who feels the flame of' devotion  kindling within him should give it  vent by the sincere ejaculation of his  feelings, und it will afterward burn  more brightly within him,���Dr. Fleming.  ����� It is a Great rmllc JJencllt,"���Thoso stg  nlflcant words wero used in relation to Dr.  Thomas' Ecloctric Oil, by n gontlcmon who had  thoroughly tested its merits in his own enso���  liavinff boon cured by it of lunicno.-.s of tho knee,  ot threo or four yours' standing. It uoier f.tilj  to retnovo soroncss us woll ns lameness, and is  :m iuconipurublo pulmonic and corrective.  Fagoko Out.���X0110 hut thoio who hniobo-  conio f-iKfcd out. know wh.it n do|iro'scd, miser-  nblo fouling it is. A 1 stroofc'tu is t-oin', nud  despondency 1ms taken hold o�� tlio sullorer.s.  lliey feel ns though thero ia nothing to livo for.  Thoro, how over, ia a cuio. Ono box of 1'urrao-  loo's Vogotalilo Pills will do wonders in lestor-  mc health end .foni-'lli. Miind'iiko nnd dandelion nro two of tin- articles cutormg iuto tho  comi>osHiou of Tarmoleo's fills.  In Italy there are moro theatres  proportion to iho population than  in any otlier counll-y.  CANADA   AT   PARIS.  AX ECHO OF TIIE CURAT EXPOSITION OF 1000.  Mr. .1. Cl. .Tardinc, Canada's Commissioner,, Tolls an Interesting Story  of the Splendid Hcsults Obtained  lly (lie Use of a Canadian Remedy.  First Clara in every respect.  Choice of Routes  StoiMVore allowed.  Tickets Good for  Three Months  Smnll chargo mado for further  extension of timo.  Lowost Ocoun  Steamship Rates  to Old Country  For furthor information apply to any* agent  Canadian Xorthorn Railway.   ' l  GEO.  E. SHAW,  Trafilo Manager.  Knowledge is nob power * In tho  case of a man who knows that.ho  has been whipped.  The driver of the first railway engine, "The Rocket," died in .18SJ5,  at the age of 84.  No way has been found for making  heroism easy, even for the scliolui.  Labor, iron labor, i.s for him. Tlio  world wns created ns an audience for  him, tlie atoms of which it is mado  are opportunities.���Emerson.  Excursions to Eastern Canada  Tickets will be on sale at annual  excursUn rate of $40.00 commencing  Dec. 2nd. When purchasing ask for  ticket via���  THE NORTH-WESTERN LINE  From Minneapolis and. St. Paul to  Chicago.  Four Trains Dally to Chicago    '  Badger State Expron leaving St.  Paul every mornliif., 8.30 (after arrival of Northern Paclllc and Orcut  Northern trains) and arriving Chicago 9.45 p. m., in ample time to  nm ice through connections for the  east.  For those desiring to stop ovcr In'  Minneapolis or St. Paul the evening  trains arc available, as follows:���   -  Tho Fast Mail, arriving Chicago, 7  a. m. -  The North-WeBtern Limited arriving Chicago 9.30 a. m. ,  The Atlantic Express arriving at  Chicago 12.25 noon.  Free reclining Chair Cars.  For any,further Information ns to  rates,' connections, etc., apply ��� to your  home agent or address Chas. J. Gray.  P. O. Box 1315. Winnipeg, Man.,'or  A. M. Fenton, Dacotah Hotel, Grand  Forks, N. D., Travelling Agents, -in-  tll Dec. 24th.  T.  VV. TEASDALE.     I  General Passenger Ag-ent.  VIA THE  CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY  LOWEST fg��� RATES  TO AI_L  ONTARIO POINTS  AND  MARITIME   PROVINCES  Good Q  For O  Months  STOP-OVER PRIVILEGES east oi  FORT WILLIAM.  DAILY TOURIST and First  Class SLEEPERS  Theso Tickets are First Class and  FIRST CLASS SLEEPERS  May 60 enjoyed at a reasonablo  chargo:''  For full information apply to C. _P.  I.'Agent, or to  0. E. McPHERSOK,  'General Passenger Agcnt._  Toronto, Dec. 9.���(Special)���Tho  fiTCit World's exposition held in Paris luht yeur saw very many visitors  from nil parts of the plobe assembled  inutile (fay French capital. Canada  was well represented, both a.s an exhibitor among the nations and as a  visitor, many of our best people having attended.  The interests of the Dominion were  looked after by a very capable and  intelligent company of patriotic Canadians, among whom one of Uie moat  conspicuous was Mr. J. Cl. .lnrdinc,  of 303 Crawford street, this city.  Mr. Jurdine's duties as Commissioner  entailed a vast amount of hard work  which made great demands on his  physical health and strength.  ITo is authority for the statement  that he found Dodd's Kidney Tills,  that best known of Canadian medicines, invaluable as a tonic during  (hose trying times. He says : "Tliey  relieve backache instantly and tone  up the system generally as nothing  else seems to do."  While in Pai is Mr. Jardino introduced Dodd's Kidney Pills to Mr.  Pupuis, Uie esteemed nnd popular  Secretary lo the Canadian Commission who, was feeling under the  weather, with the very happiest results to that gentlemnn.  lly healing and stimulating the kid-  Dodd's Kidney Pills prove absolutely the vcrybest tonic known to medical science today, and both Mr. .larch 110_nnd Mr._ Dup_u_is__ivere_greu_tl.v_  pleased to find thnt their own fair  country, so distinguished in many  other ways, was through this gicnt  ionic remedy raining in Europe a  glorious reputation In medical lines.  Veiy few Canadians nre aware of  tho world wide reputation of Dodd's  Kidney Piduey 1'IIIf, and many who  have Ix-cn abroad .seem surprised al  being able to purchase their favorite  mctlicine almost anywhere in the civ-  ll/od world.  ���What mother docs not look forward Willi dread to the timo when  baby shnll be teething ? At that  time baby is restless, feverish and  irriuililc. ami frecfuenlly there is  some disorder of tlie bowels and  stomach. The poor little sufferer is  lighting one of his first battles in  tliis old world of pain, and if not  aided iu his light may be overcome.  Every wise mother helps the little  sufferer as much as she can, and the  mothers who have been most successful in this respect have found that  Baby's Own Tablets give just such  ns-nslauco as the little one needs.  Mrs. W. .1. Wright, Brockville, says:  "I have used Baby's Own Tablets  quite requciitly, and am much pleased with them. I find them especially  satisfactory during baby's first, year.  I have used them in tecUiing, ' in  vomiting, in colic, in indigestion,  and in the disoideis of the stomach  and bowels usually accompanied by  restlcssne.-s and fever. The action  of the Tablets has alwajs been all  that could be desired."  Baby's Own Tablets are a, sweet,  pleasant little lozenge that all children will take readily. They can be  crushed or dissolved in-water an'd administered witli safety- to oven the  youngest infant. Guaranteed to contain no opiate or any of the poisonous studs that make the so-called  soothing medicines dangerous to little ones. If you do not find Baby's  Own Tablets at your druggist's,  send 23 cents to the Dr. Williams  Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont., and  a box will be sent you by mail postpaid.  If there is a post office*in  your neighborhood and you  have a jewelry want of any  kind, wc can supply it almost  as well as if you visited us  personally.  Write for our catalogue and  thus have, practically, the  finest stock of jewelry in  Canada to ciiiHise from.  Besiilt-s, our syitciu of one  price hi plain figure.* and our  guarantee as to q'lality me<in  so much to out'Of-towu buyers.  We prepay all delivery  charges, and if what we send  ; does not please you in every  particular, return it, and by  next mail we will cheerfully  refund your money.  T have more confidence in the faith  of th.'. philanthropist who lias bnlt  a public wash house, or given 1.0 it  but a solitary washtub, than in the  convictions of one who has lived nil  his days a mere and painful student,  of humanity.���Tiiorndale.  Millard's Liniment Cares Coltls, Etc,  Even  in municipal  political  circles  it is true that the man who knows  the least sometimes    shows it   the  most.  SOZOBOWTTOOTH POWDER 25c  It is astonishing that any one can  Squander away in absolute idleness  one single moment of that small portion of time which is allotted to us  in the world. Know the true value  of linn. ; snatch, seize, and . eniiiy  every moment of it.���Lord Chesterfield.  mv  i% Champion  BAKERS AND BROKERS  "IVINKIPEG.  Writo to ns for prices of S0KIF.  Got our List of Lands.  Stocks and  Bonds Bought end Sold.  VTo can furnish tho exact amount of  Scrip for any payment on Dominion  Lands.   Do not pay cash.  JAMES HODD AKTHTR ATKINSO.V  HeDD&ATKtHS9N  Flour nnd Grnln MerchnutH,  Boom 212 Grain Eichango, Winnipeg.  Wo nro buyor3 of wheat for Ducembar and January shipment from western points and in stoia  Fort William or Duhith. Our Mr. Jauios llodd  haying a long and well establishedoxpoit Flout  trade, wo spocially dosiro corro .ponaonco ^ ith  millers. HODD & ATKINSON.  A man's character icscmblcs a  fence���you can't strengthen it by using whitewash.  1'alo, nickly rhildron should uso Mother  Cxva-oa' V.'orm Exterminator. Worms uro ono  of tho principal causes of suffering in children,  unci bhould bo ozpclicd from tho system  Financial embarrassment to Carnegie means having more money than  he ]-iiows what to do with.  I was cured of Acute Dronchitis by  JIINAKU'S LINIMENT.  J.  M. CAMPBELL.  Bay of Islands.  Mr. Thomns .Ballnrd. Ss-racnso. N.T , *nlt03 :  "I hfl^o boon alllicted for nearly a year with  tlint roo&t-to-bo-dreaded disease, dyspopsia.and  at times worn out with pniu and want of sloop,  mid aftor trying almost everything recommended. I tried ono box of l'armclco's Vego-  tiiblo Pills. I um now nearly well, and believe  tliey will cure mo. I would not be without  thorn for any mouoy."  I wns cured of facial neuralgia   by  MINAIID'S LINIMENT.  WM.  DANIELS.  Springhill. N. S.  1 was cured of Chronic Itlieumatism  by MINAR1VS LINIMENT.  GEOHGE TINGLEY.  Albert Co., N. B.  There is no pnss'ion In the mind ol  man sn weak but it mates and inn-s-  ters the fear of death. Kevciigc triumphs oyer death, love slights It,  honor nsplreth to It, grief flieth to  it.���ltacon.  Sozodont  Tooth      nsc  Good for Bad Teeth  Hot Bad fox* Cood TeetH  Sozodont Liquid ��5C Lan;e Liquid aad Powder 75c All  stores ot by mad lor tho pnec.   Sample lor paetase 3C  HALL & RUCKEL.   New York.  The T Ftnll.  The T rail wis invented In 1830 by  llobort L. Stevens, the president and  engineer of the Camden and South Am-  boy llnlli-oatl and Transportation company, and T rails were made In Wales  iu 1&J0 on .Mr. Stevens' order and laid  down on n part of his road In 1S31.  Woiidtfrfnl Echo.  A wonderful echo can be heard In a  room lu the castle of Siinoucttn, near  Milan. A loud noise, such as a pistol  (ihot. Is repeated sixty times.  Itnllroad  Land  Grant*.  The biggest grant ever made to a  railway company was 3-1,000 squaro  miles given by tlie United States government to the Union Pacific railway,  Which wns opened In 1SG9.  Spent on Theaters.  The American people are great theater goers and spend about $112,000,000  annually for such amusements.  __There_is_a_Ptatue_in_.a_viIlagtt_iu_  Egypt which is said to bo tho oldest  in the woild, having been in existence for over 6,000 years. It is tho  representation of one of the chiefs of  tli'i domain where it was erected.  Hollowny's Corn Curo ii a specific for the  romovul of corns and warts. We hnvo no\cr  hoard cf its falUns to roinoro oven tho wor.^o  kind.  A ltwly has for somo time past been  teaching navigation to young ineii in  Plymouth, and many of her pupils  have successfully passed tho boatd of  trade examinations and have obtained certificates as males nnd skippers  Minard's Liniment Cores Distemper.  The nub-craUilng industry of St.  Louis (fives employment to ovcr fifteen hundred people. -Tho nut crackers aro driven by electricity, each nut  being fed individually Into the crusher. After the shells nre cracked the  nuts are winnowed by an air blast  nnd the meat is picked from tho shell  by hand.  The man who loves no music    so  well ns his own    kitchen clock and  the airs which tho logs sing tolhnn .  as they burn on the hearth, has,-so,j  laces which others never dream, of���r  Emerson.  W. N. U. No. 356.  ���to  i  '���-. s| THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY. JANUARY 23, 1902  Inventory Shoe Sale  We tiro goinj-, to take inventory on January 13th, and  avo havo too many sliocs and for tlio next ton days wo -will  clear out till broken linos at one-third to one-half below  their value.  Don't miss this opportunity.  W. J. QUU9 420-422 Westminster Ave  Knowdell & Hodgson  512 Granville St., Vancouver.  .THE.  Deaiers in  i  Shucs, Ranges, Tinware,  (inuiilc.Yii.T, Cuiltry and  (icneral ilimsofiirnisliiiigs  Prices rij;lit. Call and see for yourselves.  MAIL OUDEKS receive prompt attention.  Statement of Profit and Loss Account.  Net profits for iho your, after deducting charges of management, uml accrued Interest on deposits, ami ntter making- full  provision for all 'bad ami doubtful debts, uud for rebate on bills  under discount t3A5.5S-l.CO  Drought forward from Kbit December, woo   Cil.S12.00  <pWS.KM.CO  Appropriated  ns follows:  Dividend iNo. 13, payalble 1st 'August, 1501   Dlvidond No. 61. payable 1st February, lSXKS   Transferred to Pension Fund    Hxpendlturu on now Hank premises ut Sydney, C. B.  ..�� 70,000.00  .. 70,000.00  ..   10,000.00  .. a_,4W.oo  Bulunoo  carried   for wur  *jMrk'- '"**"*��� ���' *������-'--���'    -*���������-   ���  d '������      91.SS3.O0  -S258.336.05  Reserve Fund.  Balance at credit on Slst December,  .Jl.TOO.OOO.OO  THE CARMEN'S TROUBLE.  We ure given t<> undei-stimd tiuil tlie  threatened!' strike   of    the carpenters,  tar' men and machine men in the em-  ���jiloy of the Canadian  Paclllc l'uihvay  the other day, wan- brought on by the  ���uncalled for discharge of Mr. .Thomas  Mitchell by   Mr.  'Urown,  the cur fore-  jnau,- who was lately sent  from Monti ... trail, ,and who is not neouainted with  western ways and usages.   Mr.'Mitchell  'was .nn   old  nnd  faithful  employee of  the company, and the Carmen's .Union,  ��>f which he is a member, naturally regents such harsh treatment.   "Which of  lis, will .be decapitated next?" was the  nuestion on the lips of all.   And not a  lew believed thai  the thin edge of tho  ivedse was  being driven with* a yen-  ireance. ' '.-^- '  ...  \ An appeal was consequently made to  -.<,'��� the general foreman to have Mr. Mlt-  _ ��.-hell .re-instated, pending'   inquiry   by  ��� .the llasler Mechanic, ibut this'suggestion was not 'accepted.   Tlie men then,  to the number of about 120, after giving  due . notice,went oil strike.    The  ..'-'.7 general foreman telegraphed the facts  -to the Master Mechanic at Revelstoke,,  ... who replied; to re-instate Miv Mitchell;  ���7' rending lnc'inlry;".uut" tills telegram was  ,' i.bl read* or shown  ' to the committee.  .���:... ;;_311*-' Hall,  however,I on '���. his  arrival, in  ���:.!, ���..Vancouver, met the'committee in a most  !    fail-; and  conciliatory spirit, and, read  \ yx... to ..tliem ii! copy of the message, which  7 --.lie; had  sent.    1-Ie... ordered    that  Mr.  -':[:[ 'JAit,chell lie re-iiiijtaied forthwith: This  i'! Hieing all. tiirtt was desired the commil-  :   ' tee retired.    On ���:-.aturiiay''e\'enlng the  '  7; * Carmen's Union held a meetnlg in the  777;U"ioii hall, which vvas largely attend-.  7ed.   Delegates,   were 'present! from the  ���-.'    . Blasckcniiths and Machinists Unions,  V   Short addresses were given,,after which  7 -.'���������.H w.iis resolved to^.resunie! work on! the  ,i,xi[. follow ing   Monday.-as ;'!lhe  Canadian  .      J'aoifio Railway-Company, had conceded to the very., reasonable demand made  . ��� '������ .l>y'the*unipn.',.717,.;77'77' 7'77y* ' ''    "&  ,It is .stra'nge.tliat seme of our daily  '������.���- papers never. ha!ve a word to say on be-'  ...,;-... lialC of trades unionism, and if a strike  ���were to occur they would minimise the  /facts so that the ipublic might believe  V ������' that there.was .np strike and less cause.  !_V>r  instance., it /was repoi ted_ in  the  :.. .//Vancouver-, Province  .of   Friday last  4   7 tlint '.fifteen men- in the employment of  '7;'/-.the"'C. P.  It., struck, owing to friction  lietween Mr. Brown, car foreman, and  one of the men.  Well, when ths trouble  is  made known  ive  learn   that  every  member of  the Carmen's  Union, considerably over 100 members, had gone  out, and  that the other unions whose  calling places them In contact with the  =^===-Carmen-fl-Union,=hiid=glre^i)ledgesji��  taught a dear lesson that he shall not  soon  forget.    Years Wgo,  when  trades  unionism 'was in Its 'infancy, such men  could use their ltyra.nn'ical gifts with an  open liiind. tout now there is a new order of   tilings.    Trades  unionism,   tlie  .siiiviition of the .wdnliingman, lias coine  ���to stay,  and  its ibeiielicial effeots are  felt all around.    An irresponsible person having charge of men������id in this  case  we do not refer to Mr.. Brown���  may  say 'that 'certain ...fnuts  aivust  be  suppressed, and itliat he will place the  power of his 'position ihesivHly u'pon tlie  shoulders of those who .shall question  ���l-.is.wiil,'but it is well to let.thos'c robust 'fellows know that unionism is the  gist of r.Van'hood, which sh'all not sub-  unit to inflated nonsense.   The necessity  of a pa'per like The.   Independent is  greatly .felt when there Is  a dispute  ���between   capital   aiup labor,   arid .'nny  union'  man'who   does   not  support  a  union 'paper or .purcha-se. a union  ar-  'ticle 'lirsit;  'l'asi  'and   all   fire   lime,   is  not of much account in the lalbor.move-  in:flnt..x ;,   7    ��0       .,,, ,    -ri'i-l,.  :.-y 6cCASIOlV*VU.;CO^TTniByTOR7,  General and Comparative Statement.  ;.  1_TA_B1"UT1E3.    ; ,7  ���I\> tin; Public: a��t.Deccjnljer, 1S00.  Notes; ot the Bank In circulation........;.*1.^.��13.M  Duposits payalble on donKHid...J3,7*i,3Hi.6.l  Dei>oslts payaible'iifter notice. S.MO.OW.fe  Interest accrued on deposits..    i:S,414.��  . 12.015.710.77  Balances duo to other Banks .in Canada..       99,540.11  Slst December, 1901.  $ 1,S17,152.02  -a,_��6,ioo.s.  t>,9_3,37a It  _;f7,746.Sl  ' (E,56i..S7  balances due to Agencios of the.Ba.nlt and  orhur Hanks lu foreign' countries     Balances due to Asents In Great Britain .,   Sll.014.ia.7'  To the Shareholder*:  Capital Hiald up  ? 2.000,000 00  Reserve  Fund  ;.....;  1,700.000,00  Dividends Nos. ffi! o.nd W, latter qxijtilble  1st February, 1902  70.000.00  Foi-nier dividends unclaimed    01.50  Balunco of profits carried forward ........ 50,S12.{iO  S17.S!i,03S 24  '      ASSY'S.  Gold and silver coin '......_.$   SS.J3S.14  l,10C,'Jo0 _5  003,'02_lS  TSfiti.��  2;i5,l'0j jl  13,SM,1!MC3  4i,45:  150,273.11  10O.7D3.OO  YCHJ'LL NEEi�� HEAT  # 66  Before long now. The best heaters mado  ���the cheapest to buy and the most economical to use are the  W   AIR-TIGHTS AND  BASE   BURNERS.      <c>  made by the McClary Mfg. Co. v  Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. %  SOLE AGENT A.  McLennan,  Mcf ecly & Co*  ���WHOLESALE AND REHAIL DBAIJ3RS  IN  MmftHT liardware  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATOBNTION, '  . J1S, 511,800.28  $2,000,000.00  ,.l,700,CO0.0O  SIS ,37Ca7.37  NEWS OF THE LABOll WORLD  ���'������ ���'":.���'���:��� ���';���    'AiMHKICA)N..''":!7  . .Laibor, conditions ilit Fresno,' Cal., .are  fair'to roiddlins.     ^77 7 '7.   :  'Liaibor :coiulition.s of Fioi-ida are.sood;  The .same also 'applies to Illinois.  ilincrs, Ciffarina'ki.*.rs and Brickm'a.k-  'ar's of 'Kewa.nce, 111., observet'he "ilsht-  hour'day.- '������: ���������.."i-���..-���;.���.  ���Some.uity ordinances 'haive been passed by the..Tacoma! council favorable Jto  ��� laboi-,; ;"',..���"'"'. .:���'.������������ ���..'���..������: '',.:'������'' ���������'���.'���!'������"'  The.iiiiner.s at Henderson, Ky., ���have  been on strike I'or 22; .months '.'because  apei-a'tors 'would- net ���',recosni/.e ' the  union. ' ��� . ,: .''!        ':. ;.!' .,!���',!....  JI. Jlunsou ��nd J.. A. Heglen liave  been elected prpsidenlt 'and' swretary  respectively of the Seattle Upholsterers'  ���union. '  At .Tainesv.ille. Wis., tire .union label  is on.all! city .prlii'tiin;.: i :'l*lie carpente>-s  have .secured itihe nvne-liour day. .Prospects.; fair ifor the. spring.  '.' .Metal ipolishers and buffers at Minneapolis, are on sirike for tlie! eiglit-  liour tlay.; The'plumbers', dilliculty has  been isettled by ai'bitr.iltiori.  There aire about 500 ildle men at Great  Falls,Mont.   Prospects for work, liowr  lever,  are Rood.    The bulldinff    trades  ���'nnd   iprlnitei-K rilia.��' 'elglit   hours.    All  others work nine .hours. . ������ X'  Through .tlie Influence .o��-the', union  m?n of Des.Moines, la., tlio non-union  Dominion Government note* ..i  Notes of and cheques on'other, banks'....  Balances due front othor banks in Canada  Ba'anoes due from agonls In G.��at Britain  ��� Balances due Irom agencies of the Bank  and oilier banks In.foreign countries....  Dominion    and    Provincial   Government  socurltlos ............  .......7.  Railway and other bonds, debentures and  stocks .,...........'.........'....,,...,.........  Call and short loans on stooks and bonds  l,2U,UiM,S!i  Deposit with   Dominion   Govenmicnt  for . '  security of note circulation . .........!    90.CO0.0O;:  :���:'yX-i-y i $ 6,*oi,102.C5  Loans to' Provincial Governments ........     201.280.07  Current,Joans and discoiinfs.flO.OlO.OOS.'S,  . .       .^   ���;'  Less rebate of;interest on.un- ���;.���������:���  ." I matured bills;:......1.......... "V 60.000.00 '  6_3.SU.58  ���W),6.ViM  1.SM.J7I..0..  'G-oodpsu'bsta.nti'al, iworthy goods���latest styles���best iriatei'Iii'Is���  Iiut 'thoy are"odd sizes, and ive are selling' them RilCIHT to demand give us more room. . . .  An extra pair of trouseis just now -will go -ai long- wny towards  lteapins your suit loolclng-nice for tlie 'balance of the ^winter,���  ���\v.hy not come and see them anywayV Lots of-tlieni��� to obodse  l'l-oin���$1.00 to Sl.iiO.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT $* CO.  104- and 106 Cordova Street.  jj Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., 0|>t>. Wm. Ralph's. -'  ':'$_ti,9_7,ffl5.207'  :..������������   60,000.00,  Overdue deibts (loss iprovlded for)     Real estate (other than Bank'prem.ses...  Mortgages on real estate sold by the Bank  Ba.n'!_ -premises   Sales and office furniture    S10,_52,G83.73  ,���'.'..'. 13.1S1.14  . ,      l.SOO.OO  i.ooo.oo!  60,000.00 .  10,000.00.  ;,0S7,063.G2  3,*��ll.!_07.K  '   96,000.00  510,S:>7.W5.M  11,3.12 9S  1,767.01  3,080.18  60,000.00  10,000.00  K��LLr, i>@DCsLAS ^ CO.  WHOLESALE OiKOCEKS,  Cordova and Wafer Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  ygg=' Headqnartor? for  UomcsttC ami Dm-  J)orted Cigars and dmoking Sundries.  ;i7.sn,oa.,:tf  S19.376,717.3i  .&$  EDSON L. PHASD,  i ^ G��nera,l [MJnmiger.  VANCOUVER OFFICES:  Hastings Street West and Westminster Avenue.  SAVSNGS  BANK.  '^ye'll :Gi^e'^6ti7aii7!  :AirtigHt':Heiate^;7;!7!;7;.  ���for 2.90-n'rid'; up������We .liave 15;;ot  ���tihem left���-IiV'three different: sizes--���  UVey are.'fine iiiew': stock and will '.give  yoil"splendid faWsfa!ctlon.::ri!;!.* ���iX'-y  XlWei offer! thenniat! the little price.: to  !eleai,:'and','iivake"!rc>oin.:.,;; yy: ;���";'; ���:;., ?!b:;7':  You probiilbly:'kr.<),w;,wliat"a;.very':'sn^-  tlsfa!ctoi:y!inivcst'ment an airtight .heat-,  ei- is lii "'this country and also wihe t you  usually 'Pay for oner���-conseciiien'tly we  have; them all ire-idy-; for;;:J'injmedlate  shipment, "v.;- ;';!*��� -'��, ��� 77'7 ���? iix X.yli'-. ':��� i'l .'������':���  '���.7'7..;-.'c_iooK'iti.Y!.AS��.iiii&K;Vi:ii.Kiy  TeleplftnuO-t.5; .7777;lyAW. H^Jni'isirnej  ��AV��1   THEATRE  McDoNELL A SlMi'fON I'loprictors--  AI.F. P. J_i3i_a,..' St��i;e _uinlu<er.  Week Commencing  Monday, Next  Artistic and Refined Vaudeville.  EVERY ACT A FEATURE.  Trm*-ie*'  support in this light for the. rl_rlits of  labor.  The (.'. P. it. management has alwayi  Kivcn due consideration to all appeals  made by the men j thai is, when they  .were  placid  liefon-  the   right parties,  Iiut on more than one occasion, appeals,  ���schcdtiles, telegrams and   other   dafi  thnt would h'avi.' gone a  long way  to  lti'lng about   a   settlement, have been  suppressed by foremen, who, by doing  '*o, were led to believe, no doubt, that  tliey would be in a puHllliiu' to score a  IKiiut over  their  superiors.     Had   Mr.  "Jliill's very conciliatory telegriitn been  ndnced 'before the (.'arnien's coiuinittee.  nnd Mr.  P.  V..   Ilobbs declined  In  the  presence  of  Mr.  Hull  that  he  rend  ll  lo tlieni,   the  men   would  have  Joined  . ivoitk   the 'following 'Saturday.     Work  lias been resumed, but the. (net of that  mysterious telegram being read or not  ���places Mr. Ilobbs nnd- the committee  ln an unenviable position, The committee will huve to make this plain before  Uie public,lor should tihey call upon our  support���End it may be at any time���  they might not receive the', consideration they would deserve.  Mr. Brown, car    foreman, has been  tiremenlirsiaiuri louse have ibeen given  the eight-hour day, ilnsttend of the I'i,  with   no lediu-tlou  in  pay.  The millers of Pittsburg, Kan-s., are  on strike because 'the coal coiiipany will  not allow them a check welghnni.i.  Tlhe istatc of Kansas have a large number of good labor laws, hut they uie  iv��l enforced.  Organizer ,1. F. Welch, of Astoria.  Ore., ihas organized the Alnska Kishei-  inen's union of Hnlntol Hay, nnd the  X'ni'iieiitei's ot .Asiorj.i. Unionism Is  popular among i��ii>ployci and employed.  Al New Orh'aliM the I'oopiri wer��  liuiti.illy Mii-ci-ssfiil In their strike and  the Ta'ilors .won <i.brilliant vlelory. The  outlook 'Mr urgiiiilzed lnhur Is very encouraging. The P-rewery Workers are  pus'h'lng Their labels.  During the year Ulie carpenters f,r  'Brl<\ Ph., were 'given an advance of 23  cents a day; pluiiibers i'i cents 11 diy  and nine houi-s; i|>nlnters 25 cents a dav  nnd nine hours: machinists 10 per cent.-,  reed and rattan wonkers 15 per cent.  Many other unions secured advances.  Brickhvyei-s were advanced 5 cents iper  houi; .^tuiitTii'i'--ons 10  1.1-nts  per hour.  Work plentiful.  The farmers of Pel-dido. Ala., have  organized a.'union and 'want to gel lo-  ��.'al option in itasatlon. Taxes on livi-  proveiaeiUs aie too high. On land,  however, It lis too low. ljin-ge areas aie  owned iby speouliulors.  : The niachinists.* iboilenmakeiv- and  helivers at Oelewein, la., oirthe C S.  W. It. It., .who were on strike for lour  weeks ugainsit objectionable, foremen,  halve been granted !thei r. demands. 'lV.ie  foiv.nien 'and 'his .non-.un'lon men have  gone .to,pastures new.  A 'petition containing 100 nunnss un-  re'd the statutes of the Coniinoiiwealth  ol Mas-wauhusetts has'been presented to  the city clerks of Waltham and W,i-  leiltown, to have placed upon the bullous torn! referendum voile the granting  of-an eight-hour d��y-to eiiy-andjtown  employees.  At Columi'ola. S. C labor is at u  standstill. Many men are Idle. All labor should keep away ifrom Coluia'bi.i,  been una many men who have been  working at the ('harleston exposition  have 'been dropped.  The trndes unions of Dallas, .Teww.  are gaining In meiiibuiiihlp as a result  of deiniindlng union label goods. Tho  .lUU-hers have organized with .'>U ineiii-  iIicih. " At Han Antonio the elghi-lunii-  day Is the rule.  Thwe arc about t0,(��0 iinorguiilZ''d  woilkiueii at Newark, N. J., and vicinity. New .Jersey, llu* some sph-ndld  laws for ihe woiikHiiginen, >liut. they ini!  only carried out In places where the  unions are Inleuihly sg-ong. Tin' flgur-  iiiuikers ihave fanned a 'blue lab;-l  league.  Wages lire low In factories at Cor-  unda, Mich; Men receive from $1 to  Jl.iiO; iw-uinen 40 to 00 cents; boys, fil) to  "."> cents a dny. There lis iiiiikIi child  labor (there. Prices of food mini eloih-  Ing rise faster than \��iges. So reports  Organizer Samuel Hacke'tt.  77.7v;.u7ifs.';.sociagists.'.7.7 7.7'' 7*  .;. The Consolidaited! 'Socialist���������party, in  the United 'Slates .is.'working .very successfully. ;''From a recent .bulletin t'he  following lecture features .were. noted:  H!'c'uyloi-d.Wilshlre lectured at Rhilai  delplila on- th'e 22iui,, Wiisliiiigton' oh  the 2Srd 'and ���'Baltimore on-the 21th.  The.naitionalcoiumiittee! ihas .received  word.froni Ooihride George D. Herron,  who Is now . in; iSwitzerland, itihtoiiti. he  will re til rn to tih'is cou n try albou t.' April  1st.' Comrade! Ben. Tillat spoke !atMil-  ���wau'kee'on January 22nd,;:Chicago. on  January 23i'd! and iitlf, 'audi! St. Louis  on January 25th. A grand bazaar and  .fair .will * be ..held iin7 M^llwaukee .covering .the ,,\veek! ending;! Febru'ary;. and  eominent-ing .'March,-for!;the I'oeneiHt.of  ithe lalbor .press.������ The socialist clubs set  the thing agoing, which; has "now developed. Into a very large undertaking.'  'PheiSoSlaI=Dorrioc;isrlic=Heraldsiis-pub^  lished in Milwau'kee.  !;-,;    '���:  t  Wishing'the  Citizens of Vancouver  a Prosperous  New Year ��>  -we again want it known that k  we are still cloinpNbusiness at the 4  old stand nml invite you to make ���  us a cull. I  Get prices, note quality awl l�� I  lmppy (or 11)02. ���  FORD'S GROCERY  Tel. 728.   25 Hastings St. C.    f  ^.^ �������������������� ��������������������  .* m'Kciii.TV or  O  O  7,usners Bippk; LGbemqueurwmsk!^'  -LARGE STOOKOF-  IMPORTBD AND'DOMES'I'IO  , Cigars  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Cosnkb Cordova ano'Cahiuu.  THE ]jA1K)II PARTV IN NANAIMO.  The La'bor party'parsed a motion on  Saturday afternoon, restricting' otllce.'s  to ��traight Labor men, but leaving the  ran'ks open to Liberals and Conservatives iw.lli'iig to support the Lalbor candidate. Dr. MtlKechnle consequently  ret'lred from the ipresldoney.'! -Mr. Geo.  Johnson, .president of the miners'  ���union, was elected. .Mr. Ralph Smith  denounced 'Mr. HuiwthOrnthwalte'.s proposed iineotlng In t'he openi house as ni.  action disloyal lo the party. Theie Is  u well-deillned split In'the ran'ks. ���Tlio  Smith men. arc in a big majority., Jt  was -ii" hot uneetliig. The opera house  wiin paoked woild. Mr. llu,wthorn-  tlnnilte attacked Mr. Smith iind Dr.  McdCeelmle severely. Dr. ..MoICechnle  was not 'present. Mr. .Sinlth iniule a  strong reply. The feeling Is very divided, which .fact I., to be regretted.  | V GEO; HAY   : |-  ���     Vancouver's   Pioneer    Clothes     afy-  Konovator, makes a suit now.     ���  A <fr  X Dyeing and Repairing. ^.,  - 216 Cambie St., Vancodvkfi.        ^t .  If Yoci  ���Uuon your lnundiy 'being sent to THE PIONBIOIt  1/AUNiDIlY you'll be .sure of gel-  ting the best, there is in laundry  iwork.  iWrite PI'ONBBR LA1INDRV,  on your parcel',' then be stire that  one ot our drivers get It.  Or telephone'us or leave your  pircel at our,'branch'nt the Ar-  eade. -.       /,   '   ',   "    j.  PARIS GREEN, HELLEBORE  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT "WORM and  other Insects���for sale toy the McDowell, Atkins, Watson Company, The  Drugglfrt8, Vancouver.  IC  Works  Importer* and Bottler*  -    GORE AVE.   THOSE 783  POLE AGESTS.  Steam Laundry  Phone 346.1)10 ��� 914 Richards St  Downtown Omen, Si). 4 A ..cadi:.  WMITt  HUP ONLY.  For tho next 80 days you enn get a salt nil  your own'price at  THE   ACME  !To Introduce our now system ol UUaili." ��*r  lore our.Fill Stojik sitlvtB.  2^GeofUl�� St.-  CL.Holland, CultmrJ  i'im  &��im


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