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The Independent Mar 8, 1902

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 \ -Legislative Ltbfy Mar. 31|0>  m  THE  ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA   SAVINGS "BANK . .  A General Banking- (Business  Transacted.  OFFICES-Hostinss   Street,   XV.,  iWeatmlnstcr Avenue, Va'noouver.  VOL. 4.  B. C. FUUUITCKT MM AM  SMUGS CO.  Authorized Capital  Buburrilicil Capital  Assets over    -    .    -  110.000.000  ���   i.r.00,000  suo.uoo  Head Oflice 321 Camblo Street, Vancouvor, B. Cl  COUNCIL  The local'Trades and La'bor council  xtiet on Thursday night in Union hall.  ' JPresIdent W. L. Laimilak was In tlhe  chair andi a large nuii.ber oif delegates  ���were prseent, several new ones taking  their seals.  OREDIENOITAUS.  Orodentiails  for  delegates from   the  following unions were aiso read:  Typographical union���W. Braind.  Street  Kallway  Employees'  union���  -A. G. Perry.  Stevedores association���P. A. Olson.  COMMUNICATIONS. ,.  Letters were received fnomi Joseph  illairtln, H. B. Gllmour, James Garden  ami It. GlTatlotw, meintbens of the lo-  cal legislature, re tiie city hospital and  ��he tidal flats at head'.of False Creek.  JiVoui the provincial: secretary, ro  False creek flats, - stating that an act  was 'being prepared conveying these  tidal Hats lo ithe city, om practically  the same conditions as the Dominion  .government had granted. ,. Piled.  J. H. Watson,'secrotary of Vancouver lodge, No. 194, : Brotliej-Kood of  liollor Makers of America, wrote as  follows:   - '  VANCOUVER, g. C, SATURDAY, MARCH 8, I.KI2  t'hi  Patronize -Home Industry.  To   tho  ofllcers  and: members of  Trades; and  Labor council:  Gentlemen,���I am instructed iby  thn  _Kojlermakem_'   union  of    this  city   to  <lraiw your attention to the .foot' that  in Vancouver wo have a iprlvate linn,  known   as  'tlhe   li. C. Iron Wouks, now  ' ctper-afed   by  the Albion  Iron ,-,.' Works  company, of VI6_oria.   This institutlion  is doing Bus! ness in .tihls oity, tender-  lug for contracts for  new boilers on  ���the mainland, and, after the-tehdei; hat  <been accepted, send tlht. iwork over to  the Victoria Albion Iron Woitks to be  4>uilt.   So far as tlhe boiler department  yot the AllMon Iron Worlks.'.of..Victoria  is ���concerned, it has been declui'ed  by  the. liolleniiuiikers' union of .Victoria as  an' unfair shop, and so It remains to-  -dny.    What we niiore especially wish  to draw your attention to is tlie foot,  * that tlhe work, iWblch, by i-tiffhts.shouliT  'be done in this city to help build up  ,31s industries,   is -being,, taken to Victoria to help build up tlie industry, ot  tbat city.   Only recently a new shingle  factory,' Whioh ts going up on ithe outskirts of .tills city, gave the contract  for four new hollers to the Albion Iron  Works; the same iliovSng been ttifceh to  Victoria to be built.  There Is no reason for this,  ttliere being men enough  -In this city, to do the. wonk, some ot  them  braving  (been   out: '.of-'.work.' for  iveelcs,  and one  litis  been obliged   tt;  leave the city to''look for work., This  conduct on tihe part of the A-Wcni Iron  Woitlcs   company  is  very  serious  for  Vancouver.    If outside firms, presumably running an industry In this t-lty.  .are permitted to compete Ivlth  legitimate fliins here, who aie spending tholi  ���money in the.city and helping to build  up its industries, are looked over  by  jperaoiis.wanting.boilers built, and the  -jrortk .given  to a linn 'who are doing  -the work in a distant <_lty, there is no  * douTjt In the rrfnd of'this union Ibut the  ,       persona who 'jrlve the contracts to the  . _flrm are being deceived, as they expect  the work  will ibe done here.   There-  . Core' this' union. ask9 that this matter  4>e -placed in .the reports of this council and published iln tfhe papers as a   warning- to~ma_n"ufacturera-and���others  to refrain from giving wonk to the Al-  tolon Iron Work* of this -city, unless  <hey stipulate in tlielr contracts that  the work shall toe done in Vancouver.  On behalf uf local union No. 191, I am  centleuien, yours fraternally, .  J. H. WATBON, Cor. Sec.  Vancouver,  March 5, 1802.  The foregoing request iwas granted.  ���PAlU.iTAIMI5NTA.KT COMMITTEE.  " .Your committee recommends:   First,  .that Uie following otutcnient be went to  the -dty council, and'to tlie four, loo.il  '������'���": mcirtber* for! the city at the firovinclii 1  fiiousu:  Statement.  Ij   deirHwucn,���We 'would most respectfully submit the following statement of  .  facts for your consideration,  ln  connection  with the  proposed incorpani-  ���tlon of the Vancouver idty huplltul, unifier .'the Vancouver General Hospitals  net:"   As a good deal' has beeni said  about the Jubilee. hospital at Victoria  being conducted, In a similar manner  WK la proposed under the proposed  -jtrt for Vancouver hospital, wfe would  Iflce to point out some .places wherein  ���they coincide and'to some wherein they  JUKer.   U is true that the Jubilee hoa-  talncil  the same  conditions,  in  some  inettinces, as Is proposed In the Vancouver aot of incorporation.   The Ju-  'bllee act of incorporation '"made provision for a board of 16 govei-nors. or  directors, three to be appointed by tho  government, 1(2 :to be elected by those  who subscribed aiuiuaUly a sum of $5  and    upwards.    The ;���! Vancouver  net  makes  a provision  for 16  governors,  tftir*! to be elected toy the city counoil and-IB to be elected by those who  subscribe tlO'per anmuml\or upwards.  Consequently, If money makes a dlffer-  ence,  the Vancouver board should be  moi-e  aristocratic  than  the    Victoria  board.    But how did  the. board  thus  constituted .work -ait Victoria?   We will  let their own report spealk for itself.  According to the fourth annual report  of the Julbllee, hospital, submitted by  the directors'In June,'1894, we iind that  tlhe Jubilee hospital,  under this- mode  of ���management,   .was   moritgaged . fo ���  $25,000, Mhe  montgage 'bearing 'interest  at 7 per cent.; and that, notwiehstaiid-  in the taut that the provincial goveni-  ment  grant   was .510,000, ��� the  Victoria  city grant $2,000. und pay patients pui.l  t'hat year $7,S18.!K>,   they had,' at  t'hat  time   a woitklng   supplies   account of  $18,737.16 unpaid, and a furniture account  of $M2  unpaid.    In  fact,  they  were right up against ft, and' a change  had  to be made somehow?    Victoria  city came  to.'the resoue.   That ' city  passed a by-law fop $35,000, and paid  it over to tlie 'hospital.   But their aot  of incorporation.-was so amended that  now   they are   prohibited  from  mortgaging 'the property,  and,  Instead of  'those who >pay $5 per annum and: upwards, eleotlngr 12-.ore the board, they  only now elect four, Victoria city coun-  -cll   elect iflve,   provincial    government  eleot three, a French benevolent society  electing    ithi-ee..     Exiperience    taught  ���tlhem the lul-visa'blllty of such changes.  Are we.Expected to undergo a slmilai-  exiperlenee?   Why aiot ^profit now by  their experience  In  tilils matter.    Another, reason put forth for the proposed change Is.that people will pay: voluntarily    'what    they    will    not   pay  'througih ithe rates.. If so, how is it that  this .aatvof   Inniorporation    emipowers  crties and immlclpnlities to levy, assess  and collect,  (is  in oi-dlnaiy. taxation.'  In tliie connection It 'is.interesting, to  know how much income comes In, vol-I  untairHy  to  the Jubilee hospital:    In  1893,-. when they iwere; in sucli straits,  theygot all the churclics, or the most  of them,   to take  up a collection  for  them.; lihe ladles gave a tall in uld  of it;t_hen 'they had a Ibazaar, and concert, and collectors going around wl'h  ibooks, yot, even 1n this way,  in tlm  year of .their extremity,  allthey got  was  JiiESj.    In 3897,   they got ?S26.8.'i:  In 1S98, $108.40; Un 1899, $260.96; in 1900.  *21B.S5; and in 1901, $328.75, aiid $3,0C4.t*S  raised by special effort to build a doc-  itor's residence, In connection with the  'hospital.    These  dates  are   talken   as  they are .the.only yeara.for which we  have their reports.   So, after all, siweot  charity does mot seem; to be very bountiful,   especially  when   you   take  into  consideration what is necessary to run  <the hospital (per annum.    It averages  something Hke $26,000 per annum, tht  voluntary contributions ibeing a little  overa one twenty-slxith pant of What  was necessary.  Ib It not a howling success?: Pram what has been said.at the  city council and putollc meetings in connection iwithl  this  change,  -we gather  <ihflit_the_clty-is-expected-to give-asumj  equal .to that given by the provincial  gavesmmenjt.   If we..'apply, tola to the  'last year,'for Which the oity:report is  published,  namely,. 1900,  we  will  And  that .the 'hospital expenses for salaries,  fuel,   light,   telephones," .supplies,   contingencies. Isolation .expenses, repairs,  and    hospital     InstrumenUt,   hi    all,  amounted to $22,36S.t'0.   This was pan!  tut follows:   Government grant, $��,410.-  70;   pay-patients,  $4,t!,ri7.78;   fitmi  city  treasury,   $8,300.02;. whicli    Is $1,T10.GS  less than the city would have paid  If  It paid the same ax the   goyermiient.  We thonesitly    cannot    nee' where  th.?  benefit of  thc'ohimge  Is  to dome  In. i  In looking over the reports of llie Jubilee hospital   we see  that  they derhvp  over  three  times  aa muctli  from   pay  ���patients iu. our city 'hospital clot's.    In  1900.the .lubllee'recelved from pay pa-  itlentH, JU>4,676.'lii,' our city hospital $4.-  6.'i7.78.    Ami us their avt of incorpora-  tlmi gives thoiii power, to. sue patients  ithe same us Is <belag asked in the proposed act 'here, It may ibe that the poor  unfortunate will Ibe Ibetter dunned than  at present.   For we.see iby .one of the  reports of .the Jubilee hospital that all  accounts-putst'andllng after a. certain  nate.   In, the seventh annual report of  the Jubilee we observe a very Impor-  tant. statement   which should   too of  'benefit to other hospitals In their management, namely, that they found that,  as soon as they allowed all doctors to  attend their own free' patients ait the  'hospital one of the immediate results  was an increase In ithe numlber of. pay  ���patients,    which resulted    very betie-  tflclolly to the ihospltid.   It has   been  mentioned on  sdveral  occasions   that  the people have endorsed tdils: scheme.  This we most emiphaitically. deny.   That  When ive voted for that mioney by-la.v  it wasito give the city an opportunity  to' provide,'' proper, accoimifodation   In  hosupital  matters���not for the .'counoil  to hand ovei- the rights of .the citizens  to a select few, accord ing to their ability to sulbscri'be, whioh we claini woulti  be done with the act. 1n  its proposej  shape.  Canadian Northern Condemned.  Second���We would irocommiend i that  the council pass the following resolution:  Whereas���The (provincial goveri*me'nt  has entered into an agreemeat���subject  to the approval of ���the legislature���to  give a cash tonus of $1,800,000, mid a  land ibonus of 8,000,000 acres of viand.  Which Shall be free from taxation- in  pei-pctulty or till it is alienated from  the company to which it is gr-'intej;  and,  Whereas���This government has already materially increased our rate of  taxation; and,  Whereas���Even this Increased taxation,, added to the revenue, does not  meet its yearly expenditure by aoout  $700,000; and,  Whereas-^Since it came Into power  aJbout 2��,months ago it has spent what  ���tt-as then In the treasury, besides abo :t  $2,000,000 oiore, .wlliloli: they haive as ail  o\ierdraft from the bank; and.  Whereas���The (bank shows Its want  of.'; confidence in the present government Iby charging it a higher, rate.on  Its overdraft .than it did the preceding  government with an overdraft; and  clothing, and so stipulated ln the contracts, j  A label coimmltte was apiwlnt^d .is  follows, to push, the union label: T.  A. Philip. W. Brand, and Mr. Prazer.  The barbers reported that the O. K.  Bnntber Shop on Hastings street liu-J  been placed on the fair list, and  union men would govern themselves  accordingly.  The executive ^committee's financial  ���report  was. adopted.  Atljourtned.  NO 24  ORiXBNTA'L IMMIGRiATION.  On. Tuesday... Mr. Gllmour,    M.L.A.,  gave.notice that he would' move the  following resolution on Friday:  , Whereas���The  royal . coinmisslonei-s  recently appointed 'by   the    Dominion  government to'enquire-Into the Asilati-;  question in this proviinc-c have reported strongly against the immigration of  Chinese and Japanese into Canada: Bo  It therefoi-e  Kesolved���That   an  humble address  be presented to his honor,'the lleuteri-   red Ibaek.'It loolced  TflE CIVl^SOLOE  Aid. Wilson wns theonly albscntee at  Monday night's meeting of the oity  council.  When Chairman Wylie, of the fire  and police committee, moved,the adoption of his report, Aid. Blackmore said  he would second tlie motion providing  that the clause reemmending the removal of blinds fromlbai- windows during prohibited hours be referred ibaok.  Aid. Wylie agreed,to 'this, as he said  another meeting- of the council would  take place before the\ license iboard  met.  Aid. McQueen ami MoGulgan .moved  that the clause requiring the pountl-  keaper to'live wit'li'in.a block of the  pound'.toe-referred back.  Aid. Wood���"What about giving liquor to:police?" This clause iin the  report made il a .punlshuilile offence lo  sell liquor to a constable while on duiy.  "The whole business should be refer-  The police and licensing questions  were referred back, Aid. Foreman, MoGulgan, Wood, Cook. Bladkmoie and  Bethune  voting therefor.  ant-governor, requesting himi to communicate with the.-. IMmlnlion < governr  ment, urging upon that government  the necessity whd>(ih exists for passing  legislatioua't this session of the federal  parliament, giving immediate and full  as If .the committee had hot given the matter proper  consideration," he said. "A\1iy should  a delegate he sent to the license board  when the mayor was dhairman of it?  This iwas a leflectlion upon his worship.   And .why should ithe council ask  effect to the recommendations of the ' the license hoard to taike over the con-  majority report of the -said conunis- trol of tlie police department? , The  slonens     ������..���'������.. TUles.stated^ithat'.'the (police on  duty  slonera.  A GOOD SOCIETY.  The C. P. R. Employees' (Medical Attendance Association in' Vancouver hus  been established since Jan. 1, 1901, anil  is now In a flourishing condition.; Joseph White is president, and the.objects  of'the society are to provide medicine  and surgical 'treatment ito its,member  must take no liquor. If one did lie  sfaould (be dismissed. He did not see  how ithe license commissioners should  ibe expected to talke up the, duties of  the police department. Hocv would  they know ,when' a. policeman wi\s on  duty? Presume lie was on .duty when  he had on Wis uniform.   Police should  Union Label.  When   the   minutes   of the  'special  meeting, at whioh t'he contracts for tha  police and    firemen's    clotning    were  awarded, were read,  tj  ���Aid. Wood.moved' an amendment that!  ithe recommendations 'that, the contracts be let to MoRae &; MidDonald1  and J. G. Hunt, providing that, they  ibe required to platoe'the union laibel  upon the clothing in  question.  This Was seconded by Aid. Foreman.  ���Aid. Brown said he was willing to  leave tut to the parties themselves. If  ���they wanted to put the label on theln  work he had no objection, but not  otherwise.  Aid. Wylie refused to amend his re-   '  port,  and  moned  Its adoption    as  itl  stood.  Aid. Brown seconded Aid. Wylle's  motion.  The ^-ote was then taken as follows  on Aid. Wood's amendment:  For���Aid.  McGuigan,    Wood,    Foreman, McQueen, Cook, Bethune;'Black- "  more.       Against���Aid.    BROWN    and  WYL.IE.   ������ I not go into asaloon unless on duty  Before the advent of thlis ibcnevolent I    A,d   Foa.eman said SOmethiii,  institution the C. P. R. provided a dot:  tor for Its employees,: and charged  therefor single men 50 cents a month  mnd those 'that -were married paid $1  For this the company's docloivwas supposed to furnish medicine, ibut ln man-/  cases It .wus not done.���.TJie men had  no say as to who the company's doc-  Whereas-Such an agreement is such   t01' Should ibe, and" tt was made com-  an   outrageous   proposition,   unworthy | Pulsory  by  the company for them to  about  the fire (horses.  Aid. Foreman) thought it was' funny  way of getting Iback at the police  through the hotel-keeper. Also the  committee had ibeen too hasty in "asking that the blinds toe drawn. About  30 pei- cent, or the 'bars in the city were  at the 'baok and sitting rooms were  of any business man; therefore be it  Resolved���That ive most emphatically  denounce and condemn such itii1, aot,  and: call upon, all our representatives  flroiit this city to ���vote against such  a proposition, aiid stop it In every legitimate way poasl'ble; and be it further  Resolved���That a copy, of this resolution be sent to the premier of the  Dominion, premier of the province, aud  t'he dominion and provincial members  for tliis district.  A'll of which is respectfully submitted on behalf of the commiittee.  ORGANIZATION COMMITTEE.  The Organization committee reported  that the clian-ler and supplies had arrived for theSliirt, Waist and Laundry Workers' union, and all their officers had, been Installed into their several positions; a large numlber of* the  employees had already joined, but the  charter   list* lia^.- been   left  open   till  next   meeting  to  allow  all   to  enroll  their names befoi-e closing; the wish  of the employees being ."that., the employees of each laundry Join the union  so 'they can advertise their laundry as  belnff union.  IN GENERA!,.  It was proposed .that the parliament-  ary com_ulttee_;be_empowered-tO-caIl-a  maiintaln the physician, the dues beln^  stopped out of their cheeks.   This system  was    absolutely    unsatisfactory,  and  was   altered    In  SeptenVber,  1900,  when the strike was settled at Winnipeg. . It was then made optional for  the men on: the road1 to patronize the  company'a physician.   The result was  that the men in this dlty formed the  preaeik association.   Any employee of  ���the Canadian Pacific railway may 'become a member of it, but is'only eli-  tltled to. medical  attendance in  Vancouver.    T��io,m,rii_bership fees are as  follows:' ; Single   men���Forty  cents  a  month.'.":.This fee ilncludes medical a t-  tendance and all medicines, except an-  ti-toxine.   Married men, or those hni.*-  ing at3iers dependent upon them���One  dolllair and five cents, amoreDh.* This  Includes niedienl attendance and medicines'for -themselves and "families, or  those dependent upon them, excapt an-  tl-toxlne, -These, fees Include a capita"-  tlon taxiof five cents a member, which  (s placed in ithe treasury and is kept  as *a contingent fund for defraying .the  necessary running expenses,of the as-  sooiaition anld for sliding ;any memlbers  who may be in need of assistance.  The  'board of management, cons'istlng ofthe  officers of the association, have aintilior-  f'ty__to-cbnti'lbute a sum-of-iiioiieyfroin"  the  contingent fund sufficient to  relieve the Inmiedlate necess'lties of any  member.   Married men have the option of sulbscriblng tb the lassociation  at''the same rate ns single  men,  but  will be en.ltlixl to single men's benefits only.   The 'best of satiaftiction is  given ito the men.   It Is also the intention of the association  to m.iike provision for hospital cots;   Drs. Jeffs and  McflfCcchnie are the society's doctors  public 'meebing to be held in  UniAi  hall to discuss the hospital  question.  It was moved that a subscription list  be  opened   to assist .the miners    in  South Wellington.  A complaint from the Freight Handlers' union waa made, that Mr. Flett,  vice-president of bhe Doiulnlon  tr��d��a  congi-ess, wan orgninizing the fre'lght-  'IiaiKllem in the euat and placing them  In the Iiuternii'tiimal Longshoremen's  union of America. The union considered that as vlce-preHldent of the IXi-  n'lnion trades, congress,' his "hwt cluty  should .be to build up our Ciinndl'tn  organizations, and so a��kod that the  council talke ttome Mteps to bring the  matter to tlie notice ,of the congress.  It waa resolved that the parliiiiuciiMry  commllttee frume a resolution condemning the action of Vlce-prealclent Fief.  It   was proposed   that the secretary  write    tlhe   pohtTiuuster-gencritl. asking  why the postmen's uniforms were given   to a Hamilton firm to make, when Itl Economic and Literary Club, Central  waa spiead broadcast ��� all over thejchuwai, .Homer Street.~On Monday  country Vhait the merchants   'In ' eajh  front.   The pound-keeper^lause should  also go back.  Aid. Cook thought '.that they would  get .the report mixed up before they  got '''through.  The mayor thought the Unfit had  been reached. ' '  Aid. Cook said that all the clauses  should come out but the one referring  to the purchase of horses for the fire  department. There - was evidently  something 'the matter in the care ot  horses. If good horses were purchased  they should stand longer. This matter  should' be investigated.  Aid. Foreman asked' why the horse  clause should be struck out?  Aid. McQueen���It merely means selling, horses and Ibuylng .others.  Aid. 'Wylie'kuld' that the hoises were  badly neeided, ibecause when Iris colleague-was in oflice they had. bought  cultus horses, and now tliey had to  get good, ones. As 'to hotel-keepers  suiyplylng ipolic'e with liquor and Uie  drawing of, bar .blinds, the recommendations iyeie made so as they could get  at the base of the evil. In London no  licensed house gave, .a.'.policeman liquor. "I know.all.about:these things"  said Aid. Wylie.  Aid. McQueen said that the question  of giving liquor ,to policemen was nn  new thing. What_rlghit_ihad_ci,-pollce-  man to go Into a saloon while on duty?  Tl..  i_ey wanted to prevent  liquoi-'beins  THE RING.  We have It on good authority th.it  "Spider" Curtis and "Hot-Stuff" Martin fonrrc made arrangements for.a'20-  *>und hout. Both men are rounding into shape rapidly. "Hot-Stuff" is having a surgical operation pettonned by  which he Will have a rather long nose  ���moved round to the back of his neck.  Being red' It was too good a mark. The  "Spider" is tnWng on weight. The  odds are even .it present. '  were   stationed  I city  where postmen  would do, the wortc.  ���   _        II ���was7P���Pow* that the thanks of  I IaPs|o* time'are placed in. the handsil 'm" <-'ounc'II be recorded to the alder-  ������Ital was incorpor-rtod In im. and con-11 ��r^C'?'���----n<r' ���"- "*�� ���? '" ^^ ��* ^ ���l��n'  ovening' atr. T. Mathews will Klve an  address before this club, the subject  ���being. Government vs. Corporation  Banking. Those meetings are publio  and you are  cordially Invited.    Open  ?^r^'^��*p^��*i*u��-a|��n!Sc_^~ al s 0V,<K'k  given to policemen. The object for  drawling ithe ibllnds> of ban-oonis was  thait r itlhey icould 'be; seen into ''during  prohibited hours. This was quite patent to any one.  Aid. Brown addressed his -worship by  saying:   "I hope you won't be-offended  upon having ibeen. Ignored'by   the  Iiollce committee."  The mayor said he was not.  Aid. Brown���"It's holler for you tlntl  they did."   There was nothing In this,  lie continued,  to make a  fuss  ii'bout.  Once he went into tin hotel,  when  :i  policeman in half uniform called   for  drinks and  unbuttoned  his coat,  and  that .settled the bill.    It didn't miitter  where the bar was, It was very nci-e-s-  sary that .'the ibllnds. should come up.  If "a-'man never, intended-to sell Heritor  he would not care If tho blinds-ware  up or not.   Like the mayor, he should  be glad.    The least said .  ii'bou>t ��� the  horses the 'better.  Aid; Cook���I had advocated the purchase of horses. In Canada.  Aid.  Brown���'.'I'lin  not '"'saying what  you   done.      Some   'Seattle   Jockeys,  though, had rold' their horses.  Aid. McQueen���And sold their horses.  ���Aid. Brown���Those that ibought bhein I  were Jockeyed.      , I  Aid. Wood wanted to know ir the  dam property surveys 'had been made  yet.  Aid. Foreman said that the weather  had been too wet.  Aid. Cook broupht up the matter of  B. T. Rogera' appeal from the assessment of his house;  Tlie mayor stated lhat a margin of  at least *7,000 had' Ibeen. allowed,, the  property had been assessed at $46,000,  .wluile Mr. Rogers himself admitted a  value of *33,000.  Aid. McQueen called attention again  to bhe alleged shooting-gallery nuis-"  ance on Cordova streot.  Aid. Wood complained of the custom  of cenlaln hackinen In driving furiously through tho streets'to meet the Incoming trains and boats. He thought  ���that the chief or police should attehd  to this matter.    .  ��� Aid. Wylie: Has the aldenrnan just  wakened-up to this fact; they' have  been doing it for this while past. . -  "The aldermen's nnd mayore indem- '  nJty by-laws ��ere passed. His worship .  wilt receive *2,000, and the aldermen  win 'receive- $300 eaoh. The same  old arguments were all gone aver aga'n  on tlie aldermen's salary' proposition  as on previous occasions.  Baiher's Eearly Clsilng.' *���  The council then went Into committee to discuss the Bailbers' EarlyClos-  ing by-law.  Aid. Codk requested a postponement  of the consideration of the matter; the  .by-law called for the early closing of  all the barber shops in the city. Vancouver was a. seaport and a terminus,-  and boats and trains arrived here after' -  6 p. m., and theatrical troops, travellers and otliers often needed the services of a barber.  Aid;  Foreman spoke strongly in favor of ithe by-law, calling attention ro  its  need from a health  and sanitary  standpoint,  as well as for the benefit  of the workjng bai'bers.    He referred  to the need'of cleanliness of both' the  shops and the assistants, owing to the  danger of skin diseases, etc. -  - Aid.- McGuigan-also spoke'- stronglj-  upon y the  question  from,    the    health  standpoint, and also stalled that while  in Seattle he had looked into the early  closing there,   and   found   that   thry  iwortkcd  it sallsfiictorlly to both    tho  barlbers und the public by woiking two  ifliHta, the day barbers went off at 5  >p. m.. and thn Jilght shift' cauic on and!  worked till midnight.   Provision shouli  tie made for a similar plan to be adopt-  Ml here.  Aid. Wood suggested that as the con-  ie.s or the by-laws supplied the alder--  uien did not agree In detail, and as tha  matter did not aipcnr .to Ibe fiilly Un^  ttoi-KtCKMli.by 'Jhe ailtlermen preset.t, thij  manor be referred back foi- t,he committee to deal with tit another tlmei  when the aldermen and a deputation  of Mic barbers could nwet and Clieusij  the iraitter fully.  ^  Aid. Cook supponted Uils suggestion,  which  finally  carried,   and    Aldermen  Cook.   Foreman   and   MoGulgan   were  named ns members of the committee.    "  The usual ,by-law authorizing the 50  per cent exemption  from  taxation of  buildings and  improvements  was' also  passed.  The Hospital act 'was laid aver.  The .water main .by-law was passed.  Col. Tybrsnop applied for a grant ot  t��00 to ihe battalion band!   This was  \  referred to the-' finance committee lly
ui:ii\   in.Hl,*
!    "Ti
iV-lo'1,1**'. M.v.':i
in.? f
UlUrli   !ph! :rr.
: .it i
viiiii-rftri   ii'.ii'
7!i< '1
It'.IW   (in   I.'.rl
1    !<,T
ih-ntiv'  At Hi
•   SVIi'l
lY|>t:Iili*!l   T.'.v
!- t'-  » .V
L-itli-r ii 1 ci li
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if .vim v,.".-!-;
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i__:r.M_:jt_'.'   ;.:.
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1ju4itt!U-t'Til I!:
•:i   i:ip
Ui'H   iljis  ii'.-i'
1   imt
ui'JiiMiy f:_ir
CQ j 6tf:lited eyes that gloat
O . liiiui her glasses.    She must have been
MMFR1.? 13    iPVEWT   o i ft'".-' ir il "liiiiito. Ij»t Iind the originality
'/iSVlVJhh   C V Cl" 1   O    to face it stiunivly i!i her soberly oxpon-
""    sivo gtii-int'iits, lier iiiichallonging—almost
npiiliW.it—li'iniK'l tintl lior hygienic boots.
A i-i'i-iaiii liiiitiil Immunity iu tho inoiilh
niul a divided glint o,° humor in the eye
sti veil I lie face from downright ugliness,
or— '.veil, iieili-ly saved it.
Al tint';1 minutes.to 0 a young man of.
iihiiut iiv.'!it.v-twt>, very short, very fair
ttiitl Miiiiilh'ss. willi ti sttitip. niul a yellow
mi-It:il,i:i his liii!tii!'.lt"li'. fiitt't't'il the same
i-i.r-ii' ..mil tin1 titht'i- siilc. I If, too, looked
uli'-.tl him v.i.h ii'.i'!:. !i;:ht eyes, wherein
II    t-iil-ll--iiii|;-l ll.'i   gli.:i    ft   lultlllll'   follgll't
v. !:!i nu iiii|'.-i.-.sivi' !:intn!i.
'I'l-i'.v-iliil iiii". appear !" see one another
:it i'm.-f. ilit-se two. alibi'Midi llie mom
In I.I inv iiiui'f than its i.-:[:•! half iltizon
|-i-i''ili'. .Hut ihey niiivi'il inwaril each
iitlii-i-. I'i'iii'i >|:ilt'.t' in siatf.f. witli slow,
■■usual s'i-jis. iiml .-i i!i'i'|i interest apptir-
fiitly.-iii tlie tiiitii|iii'. iill ihey nii't. '1'lien
.tlii-y gltiiiti'il liiii'i-iiill.v liver one another
.-uul passed mi ia opposite directions,
i'otli ciintimifil this slow prowl round the
rnili.i until'they nece'ssiirilj- met again.
This' time the woman stopped,
ht'f shortsighted eyes on -the
g           A Story of   I wo People o
{j Struggling For .Literary-Fame, q
6             ~            ; o
£              By  AMELIA   PAIN. °
Tho first lettor fell onl at a hlue sky,
t-,i;.'nt'il ".Itiliii iliilileiis," mi to tiiipi-i'iniivil
soil. Hiiihi'sv'i! us "I;. !-'. t'tirnis'i, I-.ij.,
(.'an.' uf tl:o IMIior." ami run ns fullnws:
-l  In
- -ur
ttltiiy.   "T!ui
n;   1.1
it   .'.fli-li   nf
n:: '. ;
ii'.lili_ll_il   In
<1_    1
Mil llilllllllllv
I Wi.illiy ni iiiiilit-
anil  .,
.S 1.11-    |l.    I.I
v or fi.inii-
1 Impt-
siiiiu' i!;:.v lu
irin,  1
-lira!.! i-.-.n-
i:i .v.iiii- |.i:t
t tint
.vmir   s;..v\
HIM',   milv   II
:-••, Iml
1 l.i.l h.,;.'-.!
it-  i-c!
I'll ;|M   Irulll
ill-,'.' 1 llil.
l.'-l.'l-.   IH   i!
:c-:i Su-.m-r*
Mii:i.r/-iin' i-'i
.-itirii.t   l-i.
v.-   ll.ii  l-lllll'-
MV .•::!' -, . 1
if .null i.f il.
ill i.-m> \\
.ii ti-.i l.. 1,,-
•ni .-itut .::
!,rli-|   is   llu-
l.i-lv.- -in   I;:'
Il-V.     It   ir
I  tiii.-t illl.il,'.,
i::.,:t-.    IV.
:|.fully y.iiti-t.
■'. _vit\isa.
■ilirsti!;.- -.
rule tiw.in.
.-.'t-ll.v si:
is'led with
.' i".i:'. ir:
fur  his  in-
n:iv si'.-,-,-
■sihi:; thnt
1   ll'Visf   1
tit-.li other's
r;iii:.l-.-,':y \.'tir>.
.Il'HS t:ii)l)KNll.
The answer ctiuie thifi' tltiys Inter:
Driii- pj—'i.-i-.i- !-.-:ipr nf t::.- -i:li li.n t.prti (.-.
■wjnii'il In I'-.i:.    1 .hi ! ■-•i.-'t  n-'.iil vii::i Min-v,  "'I:
'■   Kill?}." ti'i-.il ;:ii.--'i:i«-
liii;i|.v:'.ii. !,.-:ii.l ': il i-i-
A|ii'i!-i.ii!.'   Of i-n'ti-s- i
. liu'iil.   I nn ii::.l ill' !.:'!
Iif.1 ntu tiv.-ar.' •.:.;::   it -
li.fvc   c-r.. .'i:.l..:i. iv: il
tiii-l-o   iil:.!:.l!)'t.-.     "':;.
. two st.i-.-itn i> i-.Mi-.-i' vli,
ins coiiH-iJi'ii,i'. lu.iiiln.
John Oii.t!i'-.:s in:'.:
tli".-!ari::!T iii:i;i-i-:;' l»
lilt' exp!;-!!::'.!*!''.:. ::;
ilitrnit'.i.'.ii :'.;:'.i Iiiii;'-:
in fiiiiuv 11:,'.v sin.:;
pi-uot's to iiv.'iiil l'iir!l:"r i isits.
Will you mi.-pt lii.. ^.::::i 11 volmilt- v.'.iit-ll I SPIlii
luTi-witli i:^ ,t 11 i.-i- u:?.-.i:i^'. It is my llrst al-
li'lniit al n ivt-A, j-.l.-t |Hl!iii*tn'il. My I'M-il^os
ni'.:st l.t.' U) linit it i> ='.:.iit: 12) t'mj, I ini'.tn-nHy
t-.uvo ii fi-cli-ii: nf ft'Pir.vslitii witli llu' nuiluir ol
"Tlm Olii.ir.ii'!'-." ami I'i) tlml—with llu- n'.iovo
not.-il.k' cxa'ption— 1 no getniiiH'ly .ailmiro your
work ami wculil vuliii.. your critk-hni ai-t-tiiiliiittly.
Tlm riialiti.-^ whicli I onjuy must in ytmr writ-
tnit—tlio vxliTino ili'licaoy niul sulitlrty—lmve M
nit' to ftiiuis ilia*. ym:r i.nisniliiii' titlr is assumeil,.
If 1 am niistiilii-n. it wiil ho .my llrst error in
jtiOsin-i Urn m:x of a writer, and I plioulii lie aptil-
.osflieul'iy youif. .lon.s- t,;mtiK.NS.
'E. i'\ Cornish/allowetl the.lapse of a
weelt before returning thanks fur the hook.
"1 waited to read ..it..contrary lomy gi'n-
. 'ernl. rule." wus the reasnn given, linrne out
by ti most'.careful criticism anil most' uncommon iirnise.   "The.biink has appealed
to me more-strongly perhaps than iitty-
• other modern novel.    1  liunlly dure or
ciiro tovtoll you .(after what, has already
piissrtl bbtwi'cn tis) that the plot is almost
; iiloiitlctil.witlionc.which I have been secretly  nursing   in   my   mind   for  years.
■•But so it is.    It gave mo the oddest sen-'
siitloii—as if my thoughts hail somehow
escaped my hrain or had been stolen'from
me.   1 hail a ninnicut of senseless rage."
And toward the end of the letter: "Of
course you are right about 'my name and
sex lieiug nssiimt'il. hut you are the first,
who has tinmaski-d mo.    I trust to'your
discretion.   Iiii-.i sure that 1 safely may.
There are reasons' why this should he of
: inipiirttiiieeto uie.   As to your feeling of
fellowship, how should one not feel drawn
toward an inlellt'etiiiil twin?    I, for iny
■ 'part, nm frankly curious to know inure of
yoursolf ns Well as of your; work:    Will
you  let. nie?    Ivt'iiieinhnr  that   1   know
.-nothing1"of youi' personal history lieyontl
:your address, and that 1 am no less euri-
•oils than the rest of my sex."
Wbereoi'i .lolin Ciiltli'tis showed- himself
••no.less flattcrtible thnn Ihe rest of his sex
by replying with a long letter, dt'lieiiti'ly
personal, a trille* spinimPntaI in parts,
hut. with high lights of humor that must
: have appealed pintioiiliii'ly to 15. I'*.. Cornish, if syinpnlliy in'humor goes for anything. And of course there was neotiutei'
petition for personal.iiiforninlioti. "There
is always a sntisftietinii,", lii'.einli'il. "in
seeing a portrait of any one of whom we
have vividly iiiiagiueil. May I not see n
portrait of you—a. sketch, a photograph
—niiytliing that 'run give, ine (lie fitintest
clew? I .intent! faitlifuil.v to.ri'tiini it. If
you refuse, .you uuist.DC course, hear my
inference's." ; '''-"■'.' ■ " '"'■ 1 ^:'■"'
'■■■'■' "I ha von't got' one, p'.iotogra |ih: ot my-
self that I woiiiil. show to -n stuffeil cat.'.'
aii^v.-ereil J'".. ,1''.. Ciiriiisli. "hut to slille in-
rert-iices 1 must tell .vou that theie will he
!.at least two'pnrtniits of tae in next year's
''exhibitions il am il victim otvpiiintt'rs),
..and thoso.you shall see and know. Tell
me, meanwhile, wlisi'l your imagination
has painted nie. Describe me. ■[,1 will tlt;-
>-t.'i-i!ii' you liy r.wny of eneouragenieiit.
Vou. are of, niediimi heifjit. A tride sal-
low-. Short, brown heart!, and, I tliiiil;,
grayish eyes..' A sensitive mouth—almost
femininely so—and very White hands.'
You are nut strong, physically, and 'yup
rare thin anil stoop a little. ., You are
.-enibiinn.il niul a bad sleeper. There!
Send exhaustive corrections, and forgiveness-ns soon as you like." A short and
whimsical lahieitt oil the "abysmal dilli-
culties" thnt beset tho work of u young
__Bir!___wlio .is ; writing .entirely   iu .secret
WltOUlillT    IN   THE   CASE OF
Her Doctor Said She Wus io Consumption tintl Hold Out Xo Hope
of llecovery—Tuilny tihe is Well,
.Strung; and Active.
n tlie li-Lniilcr, llli.u-li.iU'Hiwii. I' li. I.
_. tt'.tistics iitiblishetl  from   time   to
tiiiu! show tne number of deaths iie-
ciirrliitv thrmigliuiit the eouiilry from
cui'uiiini|ilioii-..lo ho us.'. iji'uul.. tis tho
luiiubti  ctutsoil liy till ui.her pruvuiil-
iljli.' tli.settses    coiiibiuei:.      It  is    no
wot.tier, tlioreforc,    liit.t-tho ltieclicul
irttttrnity    has ut lit.-t ,\yvtikeneil   lo
ithe fact that tho most, urgent meiins
must be taken to i>rcvunt(its. further
fasUme'd 'si'ironil and to tctieli tho public .that
 .ln'"s ijut. .while tho disease is readily coiiimuiii-
toiihtile. nntl said 'with" a" rush.  "I am'ciiu'il from one person to another, it
■lolin Ciidth'iis." j is  not  nucessarily   inherited,   though
He looki'il lixedly at the orchitl in her the tendency to it may bo.     It    is
cape and said, "And I nni 10. F. Cornish.!'jtliei oforc  of  tlie   utmost  iniporltiuco.
Klie held out her hand, tlieir eyes met  that   people witli weak lungs should
squarely, the glints strijck and they stood  tako the greatest cure of themselves
there    laughing* -hysterically,    two    ill. t0° provent -consumption  taking;  u
shaped, civilization soiled moderns among ,]lo[(|   llIHm   them,    -l'ure,-out-of-door
the coltl glories of the undents. _ '■    .       tair> lots of sunshine, wholesome food
(Jtii'stious and cxpltimUioiis followed in ;iulcJ a gooci lollic modicino to - keep
tpuck iilternittioii.    Why luul John Old-;. t,     b,    d Hcl    rod .'unil ,n„-e,will on-'
ileus iinisciienided as.a inun in n i>"vate l(j Ksisl Ulu iM0:Xti!. oi
;:u'Sr:;u^thati t„o„ght y0U ^;^:^^»-*uMl-tor*pi
a wotnnii?" she ■ explained frantically. t°'"c- t"5.«.,s u0, J"el!!cl 11e,,Uu .,,'.'lUivl
"Don't vou see what n sublime.situation' °r Dl' Wil{»»«s l'liik I'llls 1 i;oso
I was going to bring nliotit-to work „p; pills where freely and fairly uso'J,
to the point of roninuce, almost of love, will strengthen the weakest consti-
iind then meet bonnet lo honuet' nntl tutiou, and , have cured many e-.f-ei:
witteh the effect? Tableau! . How I of consumption when taken in i"K
should hnve scored! And what a valua- oa:ly stages, l'rbof of this is givim
ble experience! To (iml out how another in the: case of Mrs. Abrani Ileiiiy, of
woman would really write to a mau,' and Ciiarlottctovwi, 1'. 12. 1- To a repor-
—oh, it wiiiild have been perfect! But tcr of tho Islander who called upon
whyyou should pretend to he u woman!" i10ri  j|rS- Henry said :   "A lew years
Aiid E. V. Cornish had to explain how a„0 jl
the idea, once g|ven to hiin, hnd seemed
irresistibly suggestive; how he,ytoo, hnd
delerininetl to represent himself as; a
young and beautiful, girl that lie might
wallow in the moment of disillusionment.
"Again the same idea, you see," ho ended.
But after one hour's talk, sitting face
found -myself growing weak
ami pale and emaciated. I took
■various medicines on tho advice of
friends, but none of them appeared
to-do mo any good, and two. years
ago . my condition became so much
worse that I was obliged to tako to
to face in that silent company, each had "VV bed and cull in a doctor, who
said and heard enough to realize that S'''-"1 U1''1- my clungs wore, affected,
theirs was indeed an unprecedented in- and that I was going into, coiisunip-
tellectual sympathy. It was cxtraordi- tion, and he told my lisother, who
nary. No two friends ot half a century's ..was mostly in attendance .upon l.io,
standing could have played better into Unit my recovery was very douutiul.'
each other's hands, -takon each* other's 1 grow gradually weaker and weaker,
allusions with quicker grasp, enjoyed \ could riot sit up for':■five 'minutes ;
each'other's utterances . with-more un- ,„y.. lungs pained me ■•; 1 coughed so-'
jealous ndmirntlon. 'vtirely,   lost  almost    all     desire  for
"It was nlmost unconsciously that she to,.(1| .uld when 1 did out 1. found it
told him such fragments of her lite ns ,,imclll,'-.to relain foo-d on my .stom-
could  interest him; how  sheer boredom
and social reaction had started her
in middle life, and how her age and
wealtlf'tnaile her fearful of ridicule.-und
hch.   1 fell away in weight front' J4-8
.,„   ,.,        ,ii                 i t"i'I pounds) to.100 pounds, and 1 do not
in middle life, and how her age and hor _,..,. _..   ... ..... ....:.....,.. „■„.; ...,  ,„*•
J -,q -■•
closoil the InfferT
"Dark." John Gidtloiis painted' her in
his,reply, "with straight brows and foil
lips, a strong, self relinnt face and .upright figure. Large nnd rat lier restless
eyes, with a bit of the devil in them.
Age nbout twenty-live, but,' soiiietimes
three. A litlle hit too wealthy for your
own happiness as an artist, a little bit
spoiled by -worldly admiration. Heaveus.'
how I sliall tremble before your next letter!"
The next letter was already a certainty.
From now-tliey wrote constantly, letters
tlint slipped gradually Into luliiiiiit-y. letters full ot kindred humor, often frankly
- pt't'Kiinnl.
It wns John Oidtn-ns who nt Inst, after
two niontlis of Ibis corresponili'iiee. approached the i|iU'siiiiu nf iiH'i'tiiig.. till
then cn.oftiHy nvoided.. "Why should we
remain mere paper 'friends when fiitc so
clearly iiilendi'il iiiori'? Think of all we
may lie foregoing: or, better still, think
not at nil, but send me it simple, trustful
.•Yes.*"- •   '■■'''.
. And she did send liy return n colossal
"Yes" that occupied the whole of the lirst
page. On the seetintl came instructions:
"Let il lie nt the Itiitisli museum Ifor re-
spechihlllty) hy the iilgin marbles Ifor in-
. spii'iiti-.in) next Tnosdny afternoon at 5
, o'clock; And, to avoid, assaulting the
■ M-ronir people, let each wear a yellow
orcliiil'--il in'my dress, you in your coat.
Itob (of John Giddens' novel) has decided
nie. 1 wns rereading lust night,. "Those
whom.a common humor1 hath joined together let no mnn'iiut nsunder.'."..'
Tuesday was a pouring Wet'day. but at
five -mimites to 5 a tall, gaunt woman,
large1 footed, with n yellow orchid in her
dross, entered the .TJlgin mni-ble room,
wiped Bouie spots of rain off lier gloves
and capo, tweaked nervously nt her veil
ond looked about her with furtive, sbort-
thinl: aiiy. of my friends -expected, to
determined her lo conceal her identity. '- *<-*- ^?-M^ ^^''-\"uiJ°"K °[^
And. eauullv iinconseiously, he gave her urricd iuo to. try. Dr. Williams link
glimpses ot his lower:middle class setting Pills,-.und. 1 decided .to,-do so. 1. -bcv.
in Ilampstend, his attacks of literary tie- gan by takingone ])ill a day, for my
spiiir, his sister,-who painted screens and stomach was very weak, but I wus
bellows, his struggles against, ill health. ., soon able to increase this to three
. Yes, there was the.intellectual allinity .pills . a- di.y, and '■ fintilly.-. us." iny.
in its finest llower—spontaneous, beauti- strength was incro.ising under., uioir
fill, urging eternal union. Only—there iise, I -took nine pills a day.'"'y Tho
were likewise the facts ot his twenty-two ch,ingo which came with tho use-.of
mid.her forty yenrs, his 5 feet -I and her this 'pills was litthx short of mirucu-
5 feet. 11,. his probable consumption and i0HS, a„d so marked' ami rapid that
her certain mother: and, far above, nil, lns[li;...-of two molllhs nfter I began
the' fact of their common humor, illumi-.*tl   h; -       j- was ablo to  Ieav0   ,
niiting nil these and holding them to tlieir
tacit pact of moro friendship—si friendship whicli lasted them their time.—King.
bed and move about the house, tin.l
.soon, after 1 was able to walk "about
in the open air and make sliortvisils
.Tlie-Spliiniiig Miioliinc of a Spider. ;,to niy friends: On one of,those occ.t-
Thc spinning nnicliine is situated under sious I.mot the doctor who' had, lathe hinder part of the spider's body. It tended me, and he asked mc what 1
takes the form of u slight depression, ha-1 bceiit'tnkiiig thut had made such
which a close inspection shows Io consist tin ' improvement.. 3 replied that I
of six snitill btulies "resembling tubes, ha-1 been taking. Dr. Williams' I'ink
Four of these contain nn Immense num- Pills, and he said* 'all right, duller ot minute openings—ns many ns a (in_uo. them: they won't hurt you jiiiy-
thousaiid: can be counted in each—and way.' Veil; I continued/taking iiiein
from every one of these openings a vis- un1,;] j imd used seventeen :ii-,xi'S,,
eons Iluid issues, which; hardens on ex- witJ, .thercsult. that] never felt U.l-
posure tovtht! ntniospherc.: The.-whole, tor than,-I do now—not oven in mv
4,000 threads are united  into one  line,
'i.uuu iiireaus are '..milieu  into  out   lml-', Ejrlhood  davs
which is sometimes so line that 4,000,000 °       since V si
twistetr together would, uot have ;i; com- •
binctl diameter, grcntor thnn that of an
ordinary hair from tlie human head. .,
It   is  impossible  to  conceive  the  ex
it is' more than    a
lopped taking the .pills,
and you'can seo-for yourself   what
they did for    inc.   I    lnnysay, too.
that iny weight has -increased to.13'
I   ntu  not
cessive sl.'iiderness of .one of the 4,000 pounds. I nm not anxious lor.pub-
ilirenils whiehcoinpose'sucu n line...The *-. licily.,* hut when I think of. what tho
bare statciiieiit that each one has a thick- -.pills did Tor mc, I believe I ought to
ness only one sixteen thousand millionth sacrifice my own feelings 'for the bon-
of that of a human hair dops not in any olit of some-'other .poor sufferer."
way convey the impression of its won- Dr. Williams' I'ink Pills havo-..pro-
derfii! liiieiiess. The niiiid can no more duceii such remarkable cures as tho
grasp tho meaning of such figures than it above bocatiso tliey. are wholly tin-,
can iintlei'stiind the immense distance of like ordinary medicines, which only-
.which astronomers talk so glibly.  ,, act upon; the- symptoms. ..These pills
 — ~" ~ .... go direct, to the root of the trouble.
A Hocking Stono.   * making new,  rich blood,  and giving
The rocking stone which stands on the increased strength with every dose.
flat surface of nn outcropping of-roek jn this way they 'cure'consumption1
on n little cinineiice in Bronx park docs.jn its early stages, also such diseases
nials there do, by nny menus, hut there (InlK.Ci heart trouble, neuralgia, civs-
iire. nevei'tlieless, nlways mteresled peo- -pCT,sia -chronjc erysipelas, nnd 'all
pie walking around it und trying to see if tho'-.functional troubles that makes
they can move it. _   -       ..,.   the lives of so many women miser-
This  great  fragment  of. rock,  which .,-,-_,,       „    . ,, ,,     ,
weighs perliaps eight or ten tons or more, »"'f ■' T1"; ^»'..no pills nre sol.l only
has in its general outlines a form in some '"., ).oxes, ,^,,,,nB ™? full name "Dr.
rough scinblniico to an egg. It lies oh its Williams .I'ink Tills for Tnle Poo-
side, and so nicely balanced is it that one I1''2- ', " >'°" do. lot. find litem nt
man of fair strength can readily move it, ■ y.o-ir dealers, thoy will be sent, pn-it-
tintl almost any twoporsons can start It-paid nt.i.0 routs a box or.six'boxes
into the rocking movement of .which,'.for S2.n0 by addressing the Pr. Wil-
throtigh n snnill radius, it is susceptible.   Uiums Medicino Co., Brockville. Out.
A woman comes up and lays her gloved ■
hands  upon  it  und  presses  gently;  it ,'
doesn't budge.   ■ -_,<,   ......
' "Why, it doesn't move," she snys. „■„''    „
Bui two or lh.ee women together can1    „'„    1"t"r nulinit Pn.<»i.,...-
set the great stoue rocking easily.   ,' I      nn,v.1' >'uu ''«''l ll'.c Aiiici'iciin newspa-
And no nuittor who it mny be that sets . Pcrsllim morning.',, innuiivil the king,
the rocking stone In motion, he Is pretty        »es. your majesty,    replied the ol.30-
sure to find in selling it rocking a sort of  nui cms i"ocioiary.     _  ■'■ _
fiiseinution.-Now York Sun. And.wlittt is my latest fatal miibidy."
,  I tliiuls they have exlinustod both the
The I'anar. nieilical   dictionary   mid   their   iinaginii-
.,   V,       .. i     >      ..!„„.. rr._,«_   tlons, yuiir majesty.   Tliey sn.v your Itigh.
■   Ida Bennett snys In-American Jlomcs  m.ss wllK ,,,.,4..better."
tbnt there is scarcely n plnnt ui the gar- j    ..T, .   ,  , t-emting," s|fi|,ed
den abou   which so many musty trndl-  t,„; ,;i|   •■     ,      ^ ,;,.-,,■ f    ^mi>^-
ions exist as about the pansy.   Chief of  (nnic „   ,   h     moliimP,i,fol. lbe mMv£
them, she says, is  hell, d.t.on that 4t is ,„„l  ,he  innssageis  to advance.-
n shade loving plant. Fifteen years Mpe-; clL.velaIld IMnin Dl!nIcl..-
rience. has  convinced  her thut  pansies
RcflocllouM of a llueliulor,
One wny to,clo good deeds is not to do
bad ones.
Too liiiich.affection will kill the strongest friendship.   ' .-. ,
You can't recognize blessings in disguise
even when'thedisguise is taken off.
•  Some people fall in hive-so hard they
fall clear through mnl out o't it before
they stop. ,   I
.Nothing makes n wife-so suspicions ns
to detect traces of uuusiial perfume about
hor husbaud.—New York Press. .
noiv the Various Arllclen of Masculine Drome l.nlior, Aualnitt .Good
Ht-allli — Tlu- Collar . Ilutlpii. .rt-r-
haiiB. May He nu Eweptloii.
Clothes may not mnke the man. according to thetold maxim, hut according lu n
well known Chicago physician-they may
unmake him with n facility that ought to
turn tin* fool killer green with envy.     ,,
"Go into the big. modern furnishing
house," said he. "and you can seiiit'ely
put vour linger upon nn article.' of wearing
nppaicl that isn't either murderously
menacing or insistently detrimental In
health. In fact, you might nrrnign all
clothing with n good ileal of common sense
and consistency.
"In llie first plnce, we breathe thiough
our bodies just as truly us we brent be
through our nostrils. You mny prove this
by varnishing a man's hotly. Not nil the
work his lungs cau do will keep him from
smothering to death. Then, just to the
exiont that clothing interfere^ V"'"1 tw
functions of the skiu. to thntoxteut if is
detrimental.   -.- .        „ ■,-'■'
■ "Among nil ihe murderous : forms of
dress underclothing takes the lend, and of
this cotton niul linen garments nrethe
elder' offenders. The eol ton shirt especially is n vicious thing. When it has become damp from perspiration.'it is virtu-
nllv airtight, and n.draft striking it converts it iuto n cold'storage lining, which
could not be better designed'fur pneumonia."'A garment of genuine wool takes up
this perspiration nntl the warmth of the
Imily under it evaporates the moisture.
"'Flannelette' in this category, or un-
derwenr is especially vicious. "There may
be no thread of wool in it,'and the careful combing out of tho Iniiei' cotton libers
of the garment makes only n still further
receptacle for cltinimy moisture from the
body. Chronic colds, sore throats and
even consumption may result from tho
i-tintiiu'iiiico of this kind of, iindergarment.
"The ordinary "vest, worn b.v all male
kind; is one of Ihe most ■'insidious of murderous garments. The vest of n winter
suit is especially heavy in'front and is
made of wool; at the back it is cotton,
•fanner's 'satin' or perhaps thin satin.
Such n combination could not better further nil lung troubles. Under the shoulder blades a man's lungs a re much nearer-
to the surface than they are in frniit and
much more likely to be nttacked-by cou-
gi'stions that follow cold. If men had n
proper regard for health.,thoy- would'insist that their tailors make their vests uf
the same material all the way at'ouiitl.
"The ordinary silk mufllei' is a particularly vicious'thing'. It niay keep one's
collar clean, but likewise it may sehd.one
to a place where.'collars lire not needed.
Miillling the throat at best: is certain,.to
advance the possibility of thront and lung
.nfiVetionsr. The niulller is something thnt
is easily forgotten, and for a mnn 'who is
used to it to go out without it between
Nov. 1 and April .1 is to invite nn almost
certain inflnmiiiatory-altnck in the thront
or lungs. Indeed, uo 'matter how cnreful-
ly one mny seek to drop the thing inthe
spring, it nearly nlwnys gives him at least
a', parting cold.'    ■:...■.-:-/
"Footwear always has been dt'trimental
to the general health. No portion!of the
. body is itiore exiicliiig: in the mutler of,
free pores than the feet, yet they are covered often iu cheap stockings,.colored
with, poisonous dyes, and then covered
into'tight, pointed toed slioes that squeeze
them out of nir^eiiihlance ton natural
font. The inside line of tliecfeot, which
should be perfectly 'straight.: becomes"
crooked ni'ound'nn enlarged joint, tho,big
toe is turned in, and half of the natural.
functions of the feet nre strangled. :Then
wheu a rubber sandnl—or. worse, uri arc-
tie, overshoe—is drawn on the , foot tho
work is complete: ■;       ■•■■ ■''■'
"Garters ns worn by both men and women are bad. By compressing the veins
of the leg -'above or below the knee they
hinder the return bf the blood to Ilia heart
nnd lungs, nntl at.times this congestion is.
such ns to congenl the blood iu the Iinihs,
:willT faint, results. '■•■ Such, gartersnt the
best nre conducive to varicose veins,'nnd
nt 'nil .times'; they tend to cold feet. The
wise person who would,hold .u'p his stockings uses the suspender garter, hanging
from the waist.
"The ordinary suspender, on ithe.face
of things, should be ouite Im rail ess. but it
isn't. If the hraees are narrow-;niid of
iiifeiior -rubber, ihey "often induce: deformities in the back nnd shoulders of thor
young. :'■ They may prevent n free ox pan-';
shin .of the chest, tint! If one's,bnck is
weak they tend to bring about spina!cur-
.'vntn res. , Yoii may get a -, suggest ion of -
the hnmpering effect of suspenders in general by ntlenipting',.some;active: out of
door exercise. You htive to throw .your
suspenders off your shoiildors -for the
necessary freedom.';■ ' :
"Even the stiff hat has a hard reputation: by compressing thi' blood vessels supplying nut I'iiiient to the hair this blood
■yipply^sicui^o^nmljinhliii'ss is one of
The results;
they knitted the ynrn wristers of tifty
years ngo. A pnir of them was worth more
than nn overcoat pulled on over starched
cuffs. The wrist is the most susceptible
part of the body to cold, and the (hiring
cnlT invites every blast of winter, chilling
nil the blond in thu body In n few minutes. The cuff is n, good thing in hot
worn her. but a menace to health In winter. . '■'■,, :':
"Too glove'in'-cold weather, too. is n
vicious inlei-fcrcr in the circulatory system. A mini's fingers will freeze in a
glove twice ns quirk "ns thej will titicnv
t'l-etl. nil becniiso the pressure prevents
riiTtiltttlnn. For warmth n kid mitten,
fleoce liued. is tho only sensible hand covering.
"Whnt is the one 'article of dress Hint
can he roroiiimcndodS" he repented. "I
rcully don't liuow-thi- "ollar button perhaps!" -     -    '- •.,..-.;
Kangaroo.' from 'The Burgomaster.'"
volunteered the dork, and after some
hesitation on the part of-lho customer
"Tho "Tale of ihe Kangaroo" was sold.
TomUlus (a visitor.!—Do-.yon quarrel
with your neighbor about his hen coming
over in your liuc-k garden'.
fopkins—No; we've gut over Ihnt now.
Tomkins—Buried theliatehetV
. Pi'tikins itrrimlyi—No: burled the ben.
...  ■     ■— ■■—^ ..  • ■ i*
The nivnl Uorllln'n.* '
Once upon a time a: gorilla wns In
love, nnd whllo he doki.ved his proposal
a rival appeared ouJ the scene, gained
the affections of I he one lie loved, proposed, wns ncccptc'd nnd soou married
A year passed, mid tho disappointed
lover culled on his successful rival
while he was swinging on n hickory
limb, .with a crying ..baby In lils n'rms,
nnd ''silently ilstuiivci'to'liis wife scolding hint for some funded' breach of
household regulations.  •
"Thnt was a iinriow oscnpc'," he snld
ns ho turned c]tilckly'in his tracks and
hurried nway. .     ■ -. :'
Mora!—Ui'lnys arc dangerous for tho
kther fellow.
He .Didn't .Think So.
"Oo yon believe till geniuses are egotists?"  '"■':'■■   '■ ' y-y:
"No. Look nt nie. 13ver since 1 can
roiiii'inber 1 lihve*kept triyst'lf back by;
pliic'liig too light mi estimate,on my.
....... No.;Srrenr'lnR,
Gladys—Were you ahirined when he
kissed youV
■"Ktlii'l-n'reiiclfiilly! 7
(llailys—Aiiiltlltl you scri'.'iniV  .
''iKtii'i'l-iOh.-.iio!   It wus n still alarm!
-ruck..' 77'.77■ ,-y.; x
Oltl Time Itnlcti For Uie Tnlile by Ilia
Gei*ti:nn Poi't  Vo:i V:ir.l:lt_r.
T'iilit our aiicestiVi's wero not so well j importance and ability,
managed ns we nro Is .evident from the j
following rules, which were laid down t"'; ..--— ------
by Toniinasln von Zlrkler, ii Germiui |
poet, hi regard to the conduct of a1 host"
and his guest at ti dinner party. These
'singular- lnaxinis- were  recently ,.un- |
ctir'tl'iecl aiid have novy been reprinted:
" "Kvcry host shoulci t nice care that
lils guests liiiv'c enough to cut and that
they, nro not served with dishes thnt
they do not want. Iri, return'lite, guests'
should behave properly and .should bo
'satisfied" with "whatever, Is, placed before thein..   ;   "   '''.'.■
"A guest should not eat nil his bread
before .tlio first .dishes ure served, neither should lie cut with both hands nor
drink'-nor t.-ilk when his mouth is full.
"it is not polite to turn toward one's
.neighbor and to .'offer hlni a winucup
from which one Is still drinking.-.,
"One should not' eat greedily nnd
hastily, ns though-the dinner hml been
paid for, neither should one take any
food .fro'ui ills neighbor's' plnte; .In ii
word, each person should.accept whnt
is offered nnd ask foi- nothing else.  ,;;..,
"When there is some, one on the right
liiind. it Is peniilssiblo to biit with the
left hnnc!   7
"While one Is drinking the" eyes
should be steadily fixed on the wine-
cup.- ■     ■!.-.',' yi... .'.-'-,. ..:..[. : . . ',-
"it Is Improper to place one's hand In
ir.dlsh while: another person is, taking
some food from It..,    '-:
•'One shouh'l nlvyays,have, tlie hands
elonn and the nails'cut short, ns-other-,
wise those persons who are eating from
the satuo'disli nre likely to beeonie'dis-
giisted.-- ■iy-X. ■ ::'l i ," '.. ■■'■;,':-.    ,-:•"■.--
.-, "A guest shoulci iiovc'r put lils; elbows on the table, neither-should he
cliatter allthe timo hor cleuu' his teeth
with "a kuife.""7 ; ,7, [ ''"■ '■'-/«
Kol  For  IIIh  nimiiiesN.
"ButT.t hey sny.". reninrlied I he' pa.U-on.
"he has n gimd liend for business.",'■'."
.   "Nfinseiise."..-, replied; ■.'.ihe;-"-liiirhi*r.-;
"Why,   lie's   lilis.olutely   Inilci:"—l'liila-
Oi>lplil,T I'ress. ',"■';.._
'^ ! I'routl"of. Iho  Roy.'.
Doctor—Tt'iirs to ine la Ik de boy dun
got,iiciili'' intlt'geshnn. .-   ■',.'•.'.'■*'   77
Aunt l.uc-y (Kiniliiig through her tears)
—Dili's It. dt'iftitli:.   Ihi't boy. sick er .
woll. diiti eii'rvl'liig i-ntul—J mice.
ought to be grown In the sun, and also
watered In tiie middle of the day." T.he
essentials of success nre n twice n day
.watering nntl the .'faithful going over the
beds every day during the blooming season nnd the "removal of every fnded flower.' She lays special stress on the latter,
saying,the I'.ipeiiing of even, one pod of
• seed.materially shortens the plant's season of bloom. Of course during the very
hot weather one mny not expect pansies,
for, like other plants, tliey have their
blooming season and tnke a rest afte_ it.
Ton mnn working nt n desk n high
collar'mny. affect the. eyesight or bring
ubnut stooped shoulders, if the man insists upon sitting up straight at his work,
lie has to look tlnwn ot ihe peii oi'.honk at
such an nngle ns to strain his eyes: if he
stoops over.' his spinal 'column may -bo
bent perinaiiontly out of shape. In nny
case. too. the collar interferes with the.
supply'of blood to the brain.
"The ordinary sliiri ciilT is one of the
most murderous of nil mnn's ;nppnr'e!
Onr grandmothers knew something when
Tobacco water will destroy bugs nnd
worms on rosebushes. 77:1 <'-,. 7;;
Only well rotted manure: should be
allowed ,to; come In contact with the
roots of;troes. ,....   ;7"7 -.'.-.■ ;... ";■■.;'.'■
'Don't try to transplant n eyclnihen
after the tmlli, liiis iiegiiii to'throw up
gieeii leaves. If you do, you will lose
j-oiii* biilb. 77
7Vlnes may be set In the spring nnd
also Inthe fall. It Is said the cleiiiu tis
docs best if. set; In'.thu hiltei'-season,
while tlie wistaria, libiieysueUle aiid Ja-,
pan ivy are by proference to be planted
in thoispring.        •,,' "'..... !, ,',*■ 7;.f
One: reason why plants of ten. do not
succeed in window culture;is the wnnt;
'of-nioistiire in thenlr. Anyttilnsthat
tends to .supply tills:hfck;Is so much
gnliied.7"On this nccouht plants often
do best In the. kit. chi'ji - window. •
v The; pi'tn Is'." of ii' si ngle llower;; fall
.sooner than do those, of a double one
for ihe reiisontliatlhe inner petals are;
transformed more slowly; ii ml retain
'the power of ndliereiic-e" tliey" 'neo'd
when 'performing their 'original> function. 7- ■;.-..' ■iyXXyy.lyxiiixyi.yX. "I'l
'..:  There >Vn»n Talc to It.
Tiie girl n't the music counter, hns
some fiiuny, expeiieiices. For Instance,
the other, day n well: dressed woiiian
bustled up.to the music depiirtnient of
a great store nntl snld in a .put] .voice:.'-.'
"Have you got a piece of ,uiusic called
JThe._Crocodile:s__l_ail?_4L; : ,7_^_^; _
"No, .tnadnin," ansvyered the clerk.
"We iinve'oiie,called"r- .'■.'..'"'.,-7
"Iiut you hnd It here inst week." I
saw It," she; Interrupted.. "It is from
'The Burgomaster,' and>I want It today." ' > : •
"Are you sure.that la the name of
It?"., usked the.clerk.,.,,  ,   ,,.    '..'.-; ;
"Yes.tlial's the uiiine. -I retnerbber It
'distinctly.'' Are you sui'e you haven't
gOt  lt?"!''"'"7'-':    ■"■':•':..
"We hnve one called 'The Tnle of the
'i-- •■'■'■■■■        ■        '■■■■'   -'■"
Slli'Vai  Willing li;  Ue it  DlWKti'or-
;'i ■,-.in-finw. tint Niniiin wirev .■''xi.ii'i'i
llo was pnst Tiftyiind: thought-he,was ,:
in love witli'-'ii girl of twenty.'.'. He should-;
iinvo kutiwii .better,  but, sotnehiiw some ■
ini'ii-'-'iif; thnf'iigt'jilon'tknow .unythiiig -.'■
lifttcr than ii girl iif.tweiiry.   He ivus old ;
enough to he hei', fa titer, for histiwn son
iva.-i; live,.vears" olilcf limit Jlte girl.   The
llltlli liiid.lii'i'ii tl  widower I'nr. imly,!l\vo'-/''
years-ami was jiist liegi.iiiing to take"uo-;.
tice. whicli may have iiccouiited for his
youthful.ttiste. -;,.,    ; ."■",-        XX[  .. , •;-:.'   .
Shew'tis .'not'.iir-lure- with him n little
bit-.-uul had no .idea "that lie,was. loving:  .
Iiiii''- uiitil  he; sprung'- it":on _ her; iii'-,.,:tlm'
most, unexpected.'fashion, us elderly :mi'ii;
.nre  liable   10. do   in •.their Move   affairs. ^.
Widows.-nru likely; to .lie tlint way. icm.!7
so thatit tiinybe said to be ii ehtiraeleris-. '.-
tic coiniuon: to'either sex nfter'n cert tliu
.ngeyy:yy;iyXXiXyy:X:X..y xyyXyy ,'-,;:-;.7;."
' '.The irieidont was almost;tragic.7 7:7 .''-'
': "My :di;ar.:Miirgarct,-'; he "said :to her 7;
oho afteriioon wheu: he hiid iiiet her:by
chance down town and wnlketl hoine with
lier,.'"I have knowiiytui! since, yoii \vcr« : '
a little gii'l. nnd have always liked you. .'-.'
Siiieo you:.:_inv«  grown" to - wonianlitind, ..:
and ! have talked .to you on severitlocca-1
sipns, for I t hiiik ytiii do utit' dislike, nie/ -,
I  hnve iniire thaii like.d.yoii.1 'Indeed 1   ;:
love you,: Mitigaret.' aiid I;want you to
lie;'niy .'.wifo.!'"'■■'■"'-. ■■■--,-':•':■ iXiiX ■':." yXl-X'-y :'Xy
... "NV-w-wliy, Mr. Blank." stuttered tho7
girl,  utterly ' roiited  by, thesiiildeii* and V
unexpected attack,  "I—I 'never thought.Y:
of' such'n; thing.; : Ilinve the greatest; re-   ;,.
spect for yoii. bin I tlo not lovo you aud 7
cnhiiot niiirry-you. : 1 \ycniltl''—
';-* "I .don'l-'know- what yim nregoihg to ',/■'.'
say." he: iiiterriitited.;"but, for heaven's;
sake'cloii't say7vpu'll be n sister.to'me."' ;,
..The girl,laughed.7She,.was recovering
from; tlielirst.shock^:;;:: ' ly.
"1 wpiVt; Mr.'-llliink.'.'slie said, "but 1
do"waiit''iii'he;n da'ughter-ih-lnw,;to you.;;■-.
Your son iiskt'tl.'ine to'iiiiirryliim a, week 'V'
-ago.'v.aii'd I said 'Yes.'al„tbink:.hu;is'per--"Jii
fectly; denr. doh'l ytiuVV .; 7*;.,■X.X'ly-ii :.;::,,;
'. "Oh."tiffcdiirse.''-;tisseiite<I'tlie"father, 7t
but he wasn't as happy; ns shci was.— : :
Detroit, Free.: Press.,-'-';.   ;:;:;. :.-7:       ',7;' X
I,.::. WIiat'» :;In:;n*:NniiieT;;:
..Voltaire, under.n fictitious name pf-;■-
feredto the C.oinedle Friineulse a pU>y •
c'ntltiec!7''I.e.,Droitydit Selgneiir." 7;It ,
was promptly rejected as badly writ- 7
ten nncl'pobr In rhyihe7 bul-wbeii lie •
ofTered ',thi'; siime milntiscrlpt n second
tltiii' uiicler"tlie'titloVof "L'Eciiell:du'!:':■.
Stigc^" iliicl slgiied-wlth his owii ni^me it
was ai'c-cpted with eiitiiusliisin nud mi!-,:
versnily declared aduilruble.':;".
-A-.Nclcli libt!s__.(ir.l.«f.'i
"Mr, Sfutsou—They tell me Neighbor*
"Dnrrls' eat Is dend. !- JiX    ;7 ix.
Mrs. Stutson—Oil, I'm so.sorry!   It
used,to tnke up Fldo's .time so pica's-'-
amlv barking at her.   .'',,".[[;
■ The faults of the superior'man are
like the eclipses of the siin nuilinoon.
He hns his faults, and ;iill  men ,-smm'
them; lie ehnngus again, and all men
look up to hlin.^f'  • ' ;'      -
Croup, Bronchitis, Whooping; Gough and Severe Ghest
' Golds are Threatening. :   "
',    ■■ '': .■■'*.;-. -j.- ,.,'■,' ■-.-.■    • .-" ,,.'.,      .' ".-" ■■
.   . *       "' —'I    ■—-—^^^« ■,-•... ..,'•■,. .1. .' ;•■ .
■■:'■ It is tho old story of 'wot taeti exposure to cold and dampness and chilled bodies. ■': Towards night. tho
htmrsoncss comes and tho hollow,.c'roupy or tight chest congt.'Then mother's anxloty/'for , she knows tho
dnnger nnd thu suddenness, with which 1ho littlo ones are somotimes snatched away. When youthink of tho
thousands.of times that, Dr. Chase's Syrup of Linseed and .Turpentino litis "saved tho lives of the littlo ones it,
is scdrcoljj to bo wondered 'at' that aiofhera look upon it witli confidepco and satisfaction.   ' ;   ./ : •r-5 7
DR. CHASE'S ^-—"^ -K_
It Is "eat Meal medicino fori <^n&ai7b«»UBa. It; is remarkably pleasani^o^takoa^^
phla.  It is one of the few remedies for ;dlseasea\of tho throat and lungs -which thoroughly cures the cold; as
well as tbo cough7; Thero aro other preparationa of.linseed.    Be  suro you get Dr. Chase's Syrup of Linseed
ond Turptntfno, wlth'portrait and signature of Dr. A7 W. Chasa on tho bottlo.    Prkoi 35 .seat? i iamlly Bize,
HU-ea times is much; 60 cents. :. All dealers, or EM man wn. Bates & Ca;.. TTorontOt 7   7   'i ixii'X "X'ly "'.■'■'* *';
< 7:7,1
nmm NAPOLEON'S ORDER.  THE   LEGION OFSHONOR   AND   HOW  IT WAS FOUNDED.  IJemiltc the Rlcllctilc the Protect at  First Invited Iln ItiunKurtttlon  I'r.Mcd Tlmt Xiiiinleou Knew  French Iliimiin Nulnre.  France owes tho Legion or Honor to  Napoleon. All eiders of chivalry luul  heen abolished hy the iovu!-.:tlo;i and  had left n gap which It wns nut ensy to  1111. "They nre mere giogntvs." snld  Mongo. the choiiiiM. who h.-ul in light  the revolutionists how to nuike gunpowder out of plaster of purls, "Gee-  gaws. If you will." the llrst consul answered, "but people lil:e them. Let us  approach the question frankly, au  men nre enamored 017 decora tlons���  the French inure than miy. They positively hunger for them, and they hnve  always done so."  This wns nt MalmalRon'ln ISK!. In  May tho conseil d'etat wns Invited to  consider the project of the Institution  of the Legion of Honor. It wus ridiculed by ninny, notably b.v Morenu,  who ns victor of Holii'iilitiden was bitterly jealous of the victor of Marengo.  "At 11 dinner party he sent for his cook  and said to lilm In the presence of his  guests: "Michel. I am pleased with  your dinner. You have indeed distinguished yourself. I will award you a  1 saucepan of honor." Mine, do Slael  wus also satirical upon the subject.  "Ah, one of the decorated'." she used  to ask each guest who wns shown into  her sulon.  But Napoleon Iind gauged human nature correctly. Ills Legion of Honor  did meet a felt wnnt, and It was definitely Inaugurated on .Tilly 11, 1804.  Among the eminent men of science  and 11101. of letters on whom it wns  then bestowed were Included Laplace,  the mathematician; Latitude, the astronomer; Cuvier. the naturalist, and  Legouve, the poet. The most notable  name omitted was that of neriinrdlii  do St. Pierre, just then lu disgrace for  championing Mine, de Slnel. whom Napoleon Intel banished, but he got-the  decoration later on the entreaty of  Queen Ilortense.  Al'ler-.leim Goethe wns decorated. A  little Inter high promotion In the order  was  given   to  General   Lumurqiie,  to  whom Sir Hudson Lowe Intel surrendered at Capri.   "Whnt did you do with  him?" nsked Napoleon.   "The king of  Naples hnd lilm exchanged for 11 Noa-  polltnn general who wns n prisoner in  Sicily."   "Very well; there is no harm  in letting this Knglish colonel go.   He  is not dangerous."   It seems not un-  ' likely tlint Sir Hudson Lowe remembered this snrcnsm when he was Napoleon's jailer n few years afterward.  After Napoleon's downfall the question of suppressing the Legion of Honor arose.  Chateaubriand, whom Napoleon had not decorated, strongly urged  its abolition.   So did Pusu-O iii Horgo.  Marshals  Victor.  Marmont nnd  Macdonald opposed.   After debate it was  decided to recognize and retain the order! not on nny high moral or patriotic  grounds,   but   because   Louis   XVIII.  could not afford to mnke himself more  unpopular  thnn   lie  wns  already  by  stripping people of  their decorations.  Clinteaiibrl.'ind and Lamartinc consented to accept the red ribbon, but it wus  also conferred upon a great number of  worthless personages nnd so brought  iuto contempt.  There hnve been many Legion of  nonor scandals since those days, but  one of them surpasses nil the others In  magnitude. This Is, of course, the Wilson < scandal, the history of which,  though intricate. Is worth recalling.  The trouble may be suid to have begun on'the day on which Mile. Aliee  Grevy fell in love with an opera singer  who need uot be mentioned here. lie  wanted to "marry her, nnd she wanted  to mnrry lilm, nnd the papers wero beginning to couple the two names lu a  mnmicr most embarrassing to the president, of tlie republic. The president,  however, sent the opera singer about  his. business'and found his daughter  nnother husbnnd. not n very good husband.'but the best" husbnnd he could  procure on the spur of the moment.  His cholce'fell upon M. Daniel Wilson,  who had longiheoii one of M. Grovy's  political supporters and wns .1 linnncier  of some mark.  No sooner wns M. Wilson established  at the Elysee than, he proceeded to eu-  _rleh_lilmself-by--viirloiis men ns.���Amotig-  other things, he founded u paper called  Le Monlleiir de'TExpQsltion Univer-  selle, which really covered n trnllic. in  decorations.    The' whole story  en me  DISAPPEARING WRITING.  The Way n BIr S-rrlntlle Witu Saceet.ii-  fully Worked In I'nrla.  A number of Parisian financiers were  recently defrauded of 11 very considerable sum of money'by 11 swindler who  relied for the success of his scheme entirely upon the peculiar properties of  iodide of stnrcli. Posing ns a mnn of  considerable wealth, whose money was  tied ill> In such 11 inntiiier Hint be could  not realize without heavy losses and  protending to have the option of some  vnlunble coners'-loiis In Chlnn, he obtained various large amounts of money  In exchange for bills dated to stand  for three months.  No one for n moment suspected that  there wns anything In the least degree  shady about the mnn or his transactions, and when lie made It public that  he had been successful In selling his  Chinese concession nt n Inrge profit his  creditors felt absolutely certain that  he would meet his bills.    ,        Q  To their Immense surprise, however,  when they enme to look through their  HAIR OF THE SLOTH.  It la Green Iu Color and For n Peculiar Ilcnuo 1.  It is a very curious fact that certain  plants grow anil thrive on the hair of  sloths. Apart from its extremely coarse  and brittle nature, the most striking  peculiarity of the outer linlr of the  sloth Is Its moro or less decidedly green  tinge. Now, green Is n very rare color  ninong innmnmls. and there ought,  therefore, to lie some special renson for  Its development in the sloth, uud. us n  mutter of fact, the means by which  this coloration Is produced Is one of  the most marvelous phenomena In the  whole nnlmal kingdom, so marvelous.  Indeed, that It is at llrst almost impossible to believe tlint it Is true.  The object of this peculiar type of  coloration Is, of course, to assimilate  the animal to its lenfy Mirroutidlngs  and thus to render It us Inconspicuous  ns possible, uud wheu hnugltig In its  usual pi sltion from the underside of  n bough Its long, coarse nnd green  tinged hair Is stated to render tbe sloth  HE SAVED THE SCOW  A CLEVER  817  0*  ENGINE-  STRATEGY  IN  AN  ..G JOB.  papers to find the bills they only found ' "ltu��st Indistinguishable from the  bills with blank spaces lii tho places , bunches of gray green lichens ninong  where the swindler's liaiiie should have 1 which it dwells. In the outer sheath  been nnd 'hnd netunlly boon. They , of t,lc unlra of tuo nl tllel'0 ilre n m'm-  clamored round liliii for an explanation \ uer of transverse cracks, nud In these  of the strange affair, but he denied thnt   wicks grows n primitive typo of plum  he hnd ever given nny of them bills and  defied them to sue blm for repayment  of the loans, nnd the fact that the bills  wero devoid of the swindler's signature rendered them absolutely worthless.  ���nnincly, n one colled nlgn.o  And for the hcitciit of nonbotanlcul  renders it may be well to mention bore  tlint nlgic. among which seaweeds r.re  Included, form n group of tlowerless  plants related on the one hnnd to the  The matter was put into the hands of *"��' aiuI on tue otllcr to tho Hcliens.  tho police, who were nble to discover ,' In tho moist tropical forests forming  that in signing the bills tho man had , tho Xwmc of "-' sIotlls tll�� olsas '�� ''">  used a solution of Iodide of starch. ! C1'ncl's of tl,clr Ilalrs sl'ow readily aud  which, when llrst used for writing, up- i tlllIS communicate- lo the entire coat  pears much the same ns ordinary Ink. I ll"lt fc'eneral green tint which, ns nl-  but completely disappears in tlie course ready said. Is reported to render .tliem  of a few weeks, aud, although traces : lllll,0Kt Indistinguishable from the clus-  of the chemical may subsequently be  discovered, nothing cm make the writing show np again. Finding thnt his  victims had discovered bis method, the  schemer decamped, despite the fact  that the chances of the police obtaining n conviction against him were very  remote Indeed.  WAVES OF WATER.  Slow rivers flow at tho rate of three  to seven miles an hour.  The timouut of water (lowing out of  the Nile is sixteen times that of the  Thames.  The English channel Is nowhere more  than !)0(. feet deep, Tbe Irish sen is  2.KIf> feet deep.  The largest gulf In the world I.s the  gulf of Mexico���Sillj.OOIi square miles���  nlinost twice ns big as the bay of lion-  sal.  The Pnrnna of Brazil and Argentina  Is 2.200 miles in length and after the  Am:i:;oii is the largest river in South  America.  Tlie shallowest of all seas nre the  Baltic and the Adriatic, whicli average  only forty-three and forty-live yards'  depth respectively.  Aiknl Chin, iu Tibet, Is the lake  which' lies at a greater height than nny  oilier In the world. Us level is lli.GOO  feet. The lowest Is the Dead sea���  1,200 feet below sen level.  tors of lichen among which they ha  suspended.  oufln a state trial, toward the end of  1SS7. It wns proved tlint Wilson had  made a regular practice outselling the  Legion of Honor, or, rnthe'r.'of inviting pepple who wanted'it to bribe hlni  to use his'influence to obtain it for  them. Ills overtures were presented  through his Jackals. Generals d'Aud-  lttn mid CnlTcrelNitid Mines. 1 Limousin  and Itutnzzl, nnd the whole party hud  to stund iu the dock together.  Wilson- was sentenced to two yenrs'  Imprisonment.' a line,of 11.000 francs  and live years'-deprivation-of civil  rights. Ue appealed, and the court of  disunion uiiuullod the Judgment., The  accused, said the Judges, wns obviously guilty of, everything.that lie wits  charged'with,'but ns his offenses were  not anticipated by nny punitive Inw he  could not lie,punished. So he retired  to the .country nnd tried-to live.down  his bn'd1 name.' As lie ultimately got  himself elected conscillor general, one  must suppose that he succeeded iu tills  object-,: ; i    })    . ,,,     ��� . , l ., , -���  A  .liitllclnl   Koloi-t.  Sir William Meredith, chief justice of  Ontario. Canada, was formerly a very  prominent politician as well ns a famous lawyer. He was especially noted  for his success as prosecuting attorney, and few criminals escaped convic-  t'on when he addressed the jury.  During one of his political campaigns'  he was speaking nt a meeting In the  clly of London, his native town. The  audience was turbulent nud he was  I'oquomly Interrupted. Finally 11 voice  t om the gallery cut Into one of his  tlier Illghts with a sarcastic "Oh, go  nnd get your hnir cut!"  Sir William, who wore his linlr  somewluu longer than Is usual, wns  sr.opped by a' burst of laughter. But  ms soou ns he wns nble to make him-  ���elf heard he turned the laugh ami won  the audience by tills reply: "My friend.  If I'm not mistaken, I've hnd your  balr cut before this!"  FnintiitfC.  The direct cause of fulntlng is a diminished circulation of blood through  the brain. To revive 11 person wlio has  fainted It Is necessary, therefore.,to al-  ^ter-this-condlt ion-ns-quickly us-possl--  ble. In order to do this the Individual  should be laid quite tint, the head on a  level with the body, so tlint the feebly  noting heart will uot have to propel the  blood upward. The neck nnd chest  should be exposed, fresh air admitted  freely, wnter sprinkled on the face and  stimulating vapors, such ns nmmnuln,  held nt Intervals to the nostrils. Wheu  there Js difficulty In restoring animation, friction ovcr the region of tbe  heart wllh the hnnd or ,11 rough cloth  should be applied vigorously.        ,,,  .  ' THE FATE OF CORONETS.  Lord    Dronfflinm'if    Rocrtnie    G.    XV.  Chillis'  rrnit  Dixit.  Peers and their coronets are soon  parted when the ceremonial use Iin.-.  been served. The fait; of-cue coronet  Is told by'n coiTi::-|y.ntlt_Ht tit" M. A. P.  He writes:'"When I was slaying some  years ago in Philadelphia with I!. W.  Chillis, the well known iiroprletor of  The Ledger newspaper lln.'i-e, 1 noticed  at dinner one evening u pe.'ulinily simp  ed gilt stand used as n support for a  china dish containing grapes. My host,  observing that 1 was seauiilng it rather  closely, wild: 'Oh. thnt Is tlie coronet  Lord llioughnm wore at the queen's  coronation. 1 hu>o taken out the vel  vet cup and turned it upside down  The golden balls form excellent feel,  aud it makes a most elegant dh.li  stand.'   Which It certainly did."  But what Is the fate of coronets com  pared with the fnte of coronation  robes? A huge portion of George IV.'s>  wardrobe. Including the coronation  robes, wns put nt public auction in tlie  summer of 1SS1. There were 120 lots  disposed of, nnd some of the Items nre  interesting. A pair of tine kid trouseis.  of ample dimeiiMO'is and lined, wilh  white Mitln. was Void for 12 shillings  The sumptuous crimson velvet corona  tlon mantle, with silver star, cmhroiil  eri'd with gold, whicli cost originally.  'according to tho auctioneer. ITiOO. win  knocked down for -47 guineas: 11 richly  embroidered silver tissue coronation  walslco.it nnd trunk hose. ��13. The  purple velvet coronation robe, embroidered with gold, of which It wns snid lo  contain 200 ounces.' brought only' ��3.1.  'although It cost his late mnjesty ��1100.  An elegant and costly green velvet  ninutle, lined with eruilue of the finest  quality, presented by the Emperor  Alexander to George IV.. wliich cost  1.000 guluens, was sold for ��123.  How u l'unnii Amerlcnn Engine, r  Droit;:til Ilia Spirit pf Invention li,  Aid In bolvlni: u Wreck Problem In  South America. _  "It is easy enough for nn engineer to  show ability in New York or In other  '���'it towns where lie can get about nil  the tools ami conveniences ever devised. It Is when mi engineer liuils himself In the wilds of a jungle or up In  the mountains, hundreds of miles from  civilization, thnt his own natural ingenuity nm. Invention count." snld n  veteran engineer to 11 youngster wlm  had been admitted to the runks'of the  Engineers' club.  "Down In Surinam, Dutch Guiana,  where the arrival of a sailing schooner  causes a sensation, wliere 11 mull  steamer enters the muddy harbor once  In two weeks to tarry two.hours to get  rid of its mall nnd to take ou a few  passengers, there was once n young  American engineer who showed that  he bad the proper .spirit of Invention to  advance blm to the front ranks of the  profession. Like nil the best Inventions, bis wns the simplest one, and It  wns one thnt was widely larked abottt  among the profession to the credit of  the Inventor.  , "To understand the story proporl.i  you need a trilling Insight Into Surinam and Its habits. Here Indians mny  be seen on the streets wearing only 11  breechcloth. The white population Is  so scarce tbat all are thrown togethei  as If In one large family, Englishmen.  Americans, Germans. Dutchmen and  Frenchmen all combining together nntl  forming clubs and society to keep  themsehes from dying of sheer lone  souiencss.  "In this primitive town there was a  mau who held the splendid monopoly  of owning a Inrge scow. That, up  there, seems u remarkably small thing  to be proud of. but the value of even a  scow depends entirely upon,where the  scow Is and what It will cost to replace  It. This particular scow had been built  by American ship carpenters sent es  peeially from the United Slates ut  great expense. There wns not another  scow In the entire harbor, and about  nil of the heavy river work to be done  for tbe city und plantations and mining companies was done by this one  vessel. It--- loss, therefore, would have  been not 011ly.11 severe ono for the own  er, who bad a mo'iopoly of the business In those days, but It would have  A STORY OF TWO F,LAGS.  How a Mnn'a Life Won Saved at thv  Very l.nnt Moment.  The following stirring incident of tho  tuo flags happened nt Valparaiso,  Chile, and was related at Montreal In  1SSI by th,. Uev, Dr. .7. O. Peck. Dr.  Peck said:  "The man who gnve me the facts I  11 ui nbout to relate was Mr. nnsklns,  un American snllor who hnd sailed to  a port In Chile. Ou going ushoi-c, he  said, to enjoy his dny of liberty ho  drank n little und became hilarious.  One of the police oillcers. Instead o(  warning hiin not to make*a noise In  the street, drew his snord and, striking him a blow, knocked lilm down.  On that the American sailor got up  and knocked tlie policeman down In  return. He was on that nrrestcd and  tried and condemned to be shot ln the  morning of the fallowing day.  "Mr. Lorlng, the American consul, expostulated with the authorities thnt It  would be monstrous to shoot the man  for such nn offense, but they paid no  attention to him. so be thereupon made  a formal protest In the name of tho  United States government against the  barbarous act. Mr.' Hasklns, the sailor, Was in the morning brought out  pinioned to be shot.  "As tbe English consul was preparing to-hoist the union jack be saw the  crowd In the Held opposite, where the  execution of. the American sailor, of  which he had heard, was to take place.  Hushing over the American consul, he  said, 'Lorlng. you're not going to let  them shoot that man!'  " 'What can I do?' be said. '1 have  protested against It. I can do no more.'  "Quick as thought the English consul shouted. 'Give 1110 your flag!' And  In ti trice tbe. stars and stripes wero  handed to the English representative.  At once, taking his own union jack iu  his hand, be hastened across tho Held,  elbowed his way through the crowd  and soldiery, and, running up to the  doomed man. he folded the American  ling around him and then Inid the union jack over it. Standing a few paces  back, he faced the oilieers and soldiers  and shouted deliantly, 'Now, shoot, if  you dare, through the heart of England and America!'  "And they dared not do it, for they  feared tlie consequences, so the man  was nt once released. In telling me,"  said Dr. Peck, "Mr. naskius snld to  me. with tears streaming down bis  cheeks even then, 'They loosed me  then, and, oh, how I longed to embrace  I  THREE PLUMP BAillCis.  An ntlilliltlaii Whlcli llu- (.rnuty Old  Dltt-hc'lora  '1'lnin^lit   OlNK-ihtltt^.  "Difgusting." said one olti liiiclielnr  to the other.  "Isn't it''" snld the other old bjehelor  to the oue.  Three women hnd come Into Iho  street car at different intervals witli  babies of different Intervals. The llrst  bnby wns a lusty child with nerve testing lungs. The .second was nbout 11  year old, and the mother, just 11 little  bit embarrassed at the bachelors'  glaies, finally gained courage to take a  bottle from a grip and plug up baby's  mouth with a rubber node. The third  baby was the newest of them ull nud  entered the ear a mere white bundle iq  the arms of a dlgnilled matron hardly  out of short skirts. '  Beginning to utiwrap the bundle,  which had been somewhat disarranged  in the haste to embark, tho proud  mother first unfolded a cunning pair of  blue worsted booties that might fit a  grumpy old bachelor's thumb. Then,  feeling the eyes of tho world upou her,  she showed baby's two fat legs, which  were as pink as her own ears. Then  the cunning sight was solemnly shut  ' from all eyes by ,1 procession of gowns  all of white, laced, tucked, embroidered  and plain, the fat legs kicking vigorously, and baby's laces hid them from  sight.  Then the little mother sat the bundle  upright* and threw n soft cloak from  the other end, disclosing a round face,  a pair of blue eyes wide open In amazement and ns pretty and bnldhcadud n  baby from end to end as ever made a  bachelor angry at his own lost opportunities. Then the three mothers smlN  ed at each other's baby.  "Disgusting," said the bachelors.  Then they went out ou the platform,  and one took a chew.- of tobacco and  the other lighted the butt of a malodorous dead cigar ho had been carrying.-  POCKET COMPASSES.  those two dags!'  been little short ol a iiiii<oii:iI riilnm  ity.  "One day. while the scow was an  ehored In midstream, one of those  smashing black squalls for which the  tropics are famous broke over the rlv  er. and,, for twenty minutes you could  not see ten feet nwny or hour n man  shouting nt your elbow. When the  storm linnlly abated, the scow wns not  to be seen, and it wns found she hnd  goue down, deck load nnd nil. To most  of 11.5 there seemed about ns much  chance of raising the vessel ns there  would be to raise 11 n ocean steamer  sunk in the middle of the Atlantic.  "It was about this lime that the  young engineer took n hand In the  problem, lie ashed the dimensions of  the scow and wns loid that it wus 12  by GO feet, nnd then lie announced that  If the owner would provide him with  four men be would raise the scow for  a certain sum of money. The bargaiu  wns made, though the contractor refused to say bow he would go about  the job. /    ���  "Now, you must know that aside  from the ebb and Uood tide, which alternate every sis hours, there Is also  what Is known as a spring tide. This  comes with the full of the 1110011. and It  has the effect of making n higbcV Uood  tide than any during the mouth. The  opposite to the spring tide Is the nenp  tide, and tbnt hnppens nt the dark of  the moon, with the effect that nt no  other tide during the month is the ebb  of 11 mysterious box. wlilch was oil no tide so low ns It is at "that time. The  account to be opened until after the difference In tho height of water be-  customnry seven days of mourning. If tween tbe ebb at neap tide and the  opened before thai time, a curse would Uood at spring tide is considerable,  fall upon the family. ', "The engineer waited until neap tide.  Curiosity got tlie better of superstl     On that day he towed a number of logs  POULTRY POINTERS.  A SliiKiiInr Deqncat.  A peculiar fnte I.s snid to overhang  the family ofNhe late Sir Jullnu Gold  sinid. An ancestor of his. so snys tlie  legend, once gave shelter to, 11 inblii.  who, at his death, left to lilm n bequest  A safe rule In feeding is to give  enough to satisfy nnd no more.  Droppings should not be allowed to  accumulate In the poultry house longer  'than a week.  Bone dust supplies an abundance of  boneinnking material and counteracts  any tendency to diarrhea.  Wheu possible, give the poultry house  a southern exposure nud fuiuish thnt  side with nn abundance of light.  While wheat is one of the best gr.ilni  to feed to fowls, it should not be feci to  excess or It may cause diarrhea. Feed  It with other grains.  Loss of feathers Is generally caused  b.v want of green food or want of a  dust bath. Supply both, aud, as a local  application? use mercurial ointment.  Breed the best Ile'sli formers for mnr-  ket; then feed them up to ns great a  weight as possible. Well fattened, well  dressed poultry bring the best prices.  -  Ilia 'Mlaalon. "  '"  A lawyer was -passing along 'he  street carrying under lils arm a lawbook when"he'whs "accosted b'y'a'self  righteous Individual! "Iln; Mr. Rlnnkl-  And where are-you going to'preach .today?" .-, . : ;i��. t;;*M<;.  "I don't preach, I practice," replied  tBe lawyer.  Exeiii|>lir>'lnit tin A tin lie.  '"Yes," said tlie old cnn'ibictor, "I  have followed the railroad about all  my life. I "wasn't e'.Mietly born on n  train, but I was tiiarrled on one nt  ihe rate of foi'ly-llve'tiilles nn hour."  "Tlint wus a good deal like marrying  In hnsle." .        ���  "It wns. And we got tired of each  other while .we wet'e-.inakliig the return,  trip cm a fi;ciglit iralii.;  ���'That wii��l good deal-like repenting  nt leisure."' '       "  '���'���"   ' .m '  Grow Ilnndaome." -'  \ Would you like to be truly beautiful? Thorenu says: "We are all sculptors und painters, and our- material Is  our,own llesh-and-blood and bones.  Anj; nobleness begins nt1oncei_toi refine  iLman's'-feutures and any nieariuess or  sensuality'to' Imbrute tbein,." * So'there,  now;"'" you' lsour'.; vlsagcd,*" plain"'1 faced  ''people, go along about^yonr business  aud grow, .handsome.���National Magazine.  '   ���      ,     .    . .������'   '-.   ,.-i '������_-,  tlon, and the box was opened before  the seven days were tip. In it was  fouud a document which'snid that a.-  the injunction of Ihe rabbi had uot  be^riiwdetllioTiitTiro owiier"ol'~the es"  tale would he snc-eet'ileil by a sou. Ami  such, strangely enough, has been the  case ever since.  Arnl> ninalc.  Arab music has been described ns the  singing of a prima ilotinu who has ruptured her voice In trying to sing a duet  witli herself. Each note starts from  somewhere betwen 11 .sharp untl n Hat.  but chics not .stop even there and splits  up Inio four or mote- portion*, of whicli  no person enn be expected lo catch  more than one nt ,1 time.  . Ililomiuiifil.  Tho caller luul n grievance.  UTImt coiuiiiiinli'iitlon I sent yon yes-  terthiy," he said, "wns signed '.More  Anon' ns plainly us the words could lie  written. You printed It In your paper  this moriiliig/Omegn.'"  "1 know It." replied the editor. "Wo  didn't Intend there should be any more  niion." '  1  ��� ���  1 On  Eier  Oun  Heml.  ''  Mr. Bu'gglns��� Fifty dollars rot' n bonnet!   Why. mndnm, It's a crime.  ���'  Mrs. Ilugglns���Well, the crime is on'  my own head.-  Esteem cannot be where there. Is no  confidence, nnd there can be no cpn-  ���fldence -where there, is no respect.���  Giles."      ' ' *''      '���' '      '  .The straight tree Is the first to be cut  down. The well of sweet water is the'  first to be exhausted. -.---.  down the river. These he anchored  over the scow and sent men below to  fasteu chains to one side of the scow,  and these be fastened to, the logs.on  tbe surface. Then he waited patiently.  As the spring tide approached he towed other logs down the river until he  hnd enough to mnke quite .1 raft, and  on the day of the highest tide nil the  logs were tied together and fusteued.  The tide ro^e steadily, and the uioie It  rose the mote the raft went down un-  dpr the strtilu of the pull on the chains.  At Inst. Just ns It seemed that the raft  wns unt'qii.'il to the occasion, it was  seen to bob up violently, nnd n moment  Inter there was a commotion .In tl.e  water, and the scow appeared. What  hnd hnppeni'il, of course, was this,: Th"  chains pulling upward on one side of  the scow tilted It more nnd more until  the deck load began to slide olf. nud  finally, when all the stones hud slid into the river, the scow cume up under  Its own buoyancy. The remainder wus  simple. The vessel was lowed 10 the  Shore, where It was hauled up on the  snnd. nml when the wnter receded  holes bored Into the bull caused the  scow to cliquy. Later the boles were  plugged up again, and the old ship was  ns tine as silk."  A  Tolnt  of Order.   ,-  One of the conspicuous "features in  the decorations' of a certain olllclnl  building is a full length portrait of  George Washington. Belug just behind the speaker's chair, it is In full  sight of everybody who rises to speak.  During a boated discussion, which Involved tbe honor of the slate and nation, a member rose and. pointing to  tbe portrait, began In oratorical style.  "By those eyes that never quailed before an enemy, by that nose"���  , Then be was Interrupted by a member in tbe rear, wbo rose to a point  of order.  "Mr. Chairman," said the objector,  "I clqlm It Is out of order under parliamentary rules to call the ayes and  noes in     committee of the whole."  Thonaniida   or Them   Snhl   Yearly  to  lltlliturH   it 11 tl   Other*.  "Pocket compasses," said a deulcr in  such things, "cost from 'JO cents to $10  each, nnd they are made iu various.  sizes, fiom tiny compasses half an inch  or less In diameter up to those of about  the size of 11 hunting case watch.  "Many compasses are carried in nickeled hunting cases. Some of the tiny  open compasses ure carried for a charm  on watch guards.  "In the cheaper pocket compasses tho  needle turns on a brass bearing: In the  costlier compasses on a hearing of  agate. In either, of course, the needle  will point north, but the compass with  the agate bearing will wear much longer.  "A good pocket compass will last a  lifetime. A considerable part of tho  cost of the more expensive pocket com-  * passes mny be,due to the mntcr.nl used  in them and to elaboruteuef-s of finish.  "A ten dollar compass, for instance,  might have a pearl face, and so on, but  n good compass, with an agate hearing, ns good a compass, in fact, as a  mnn needs, can be bought for $1.30.  "Every wise sportsman carries a  compnsb, and compusses'iire carried by  various other people. There are sold  of pocket compasses of one sort and  another thousands yearly."  Of Conrao She Wna GInd.  "So you overcame that old antipathy  of yours." her husband remarked, "and  called on Mrs. Bobbles?"  "Yes."'  "Do you think she was glad to see  you?"'���  "I am sure of It"  "Abcm! You must havo some renson  for that belief outside of her assurances."  "I hnvo. I hnd on the old dress tbnt  wus made over twice, my hat was out  of style, nnd my linlr hnd become uncurled, while she had on a gown thnt  could not have como from niiywhere  hut Pniis. ��� Could she help being glad  to see tue?"���Leslie's Weekly.  A WHIInc Mnrtyr.  Schoolteachers sometimes ask - their  pupils queer questions, if one may believe a story told by the youngest"  member of the Withiugton family. -  His mother one morning discovered  a  shortage   in   her  .supplies  of   pics,  baked  the day  before,  and  her sus- -  pleions fell upon Johnny.  "Johnny," she snld. "do you know  what became of tlint cherry pie that  was on' the second shelf lu the pnu-  try?"  "Yes, ma'am," he replied. "I ate It  But I.had to."  "You had to!" exclaimed his astonished mother. "What do you mean,  child?"  "The teacher nsked yesterday If any  of us could tell her how many stones  there are iu a cherry pie, aud I couldn't  find out without eating the whole Die,  could  1?   There's Just 142."  - F.-.-hcr's Itlea-Gf-Slioes.  one  "Of  wish.  tivnruc   IVim Slow.  , She��� If you  could  have one  'George, what would It be?    ,_  He���It woiild'be that-thnt-that���oh.  lf'l.'Only dared tell yon what It-would'  .be!-' f - "   '' "    ���   . '". i  ,, She-iOh. please go on! Do tell met'- ���  ,;He-^I dare not.'; But oh, lf.dtaly.jl  Could!'     -'* '' ' ,.'.'"'  , She-W.pll. why don't you? What dc  you suppose 1 brought the nishlug'sub-.  lec't un forV-  Ilnrvnrtl  t'nlTeralty.  Flnrvard university derives its name  from Hev. John Llnrvurd. Its earliest  .benefactor, who In 1C3S bequeathed one-  bnlf of his estate, amounting to ��800,  for the endowment of tho college.  Harvard ball was built In 1760, IIol-  worthy hall of brick In 1S12 and IIollls  nail, also of brick. In 1TG4. Stougbton  hnll, being of the same dimensions and  material as IIollls. was built in 1804.  and a 'writer of 1S17 states that "Its  appearance is somewhat in tbe modern  style."-.       , ,,   , ,  "Spell shoes," snld the teacher.  "S-b-o-c-s,"   returned   the  little  promptly.  I "Correct."   said   tlie   teacher,  course you know what they are."  The little one nodded bis head violently.  "My pnpa says," he announced, "that  shoes are what drive tho father of a  family   Into   bankruptcy."  Why She  Wna Silent.  A very silent old womnn wns onc<*  asked why It wus she had so little to  sny. She replied that when she was  11 young girl sho was very III and could  not talk for a long time. Whereupon '  she made n vow thnt If-speech wero  given her once more she'would never-  ngnln sny nnythlug unkind of anybody.  And thus she was as tbey found ber.  How It Reacintilcd.Motlicr'a.  *"No)"-^njd'Mr. Mfddergrnss, to the.  'restaurant mn'u: 'jtjb, I'll not say that  your pip1 Is'jest like' riio'ther'tised 'V  make. jbut'l'Il'say'thls-lt's'phrt" nigh  ;as crusty as she used to git."- Bait:  more American.  lie  Wna  It.  The fresh young mnn walked into tho  restaurant nud noticed a sign:  "This Counter For Clams and Oysters." , .  "Where Is the counter for lobsters?"  usked the young man. '     "'       '  "Oh, you c.in sit'most anywhere!"''  said the waiter.���New'York Commer- "  cial Advertiser. -    r-        "'.*���-'   ������    - '.  By the time the.nvernge mnn gets';;1  old enough to ha ve'good .sense he ls too ',,"  contrary, .to make good use,of it,    '.  ,,-,.,  The uglier you nie the more amiable *  fou should be.  ���\i-  . V, Il  THE INDEPENDENT.  BATDJOOXfT a__A_RW__C 8, IMS  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY  IN  THE   IN-  TBIUSSTS OF THE MASSES  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT     OP     FLACK     BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS. IN  ADVANCE.  A week. 5 cents; month, 15 cents: three  months, 35 cents; six months, lij cents;  one .vear, $1.23.  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL, THE VANCOUVER- LABOR PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  ISATURDAY  .arARcm s, ���iao-2  cases." The Australians have done  wisely In not having their upper house  modelled after the Canadian plan. Oiir  senate is a perniutient black-eye to the  common sense ot a civilized community,  notwithstanding the , glamour of our  Tory friends. It was mighty lucky, however, tor the Commonwealth of Australia, that its lieutenant-governors  and governor-general are appointed by  tho 'imperial government. Mighty  lucky, we say, because our "old Hag"  lories would hnve paraded the universe  .shouting "disloyalty," the same as they  used to do whenever anyone dared to  criticise the actions of the rottenest  government Canada ever luul.  OUR TELEPHONES.   . -  For some timo there  has been  talk  ahout a new telephone company being  organised in this cily.     We don't see  any objection  io  this,  so long ns  the  city itself refuses to run its own service. Some may raise the question, why  'don't the city tnke over the street car  lines, before going into telephones? We  hold that they should, but then there  is a great difference, so far as we can  learn, between the local telephone company  and nho  tramway  people.     The  latter pay their employees equal lo any  in the country, as well tliey treat with  the committee tit' the union in the different controversial   matters  that  are  hound  to arise where  there are largo  bodies of men employed.     This is different with the telephone concern, lie-  sides a number of merchants,  as well  -is other", hold thut the cli*u-i;es nia.-lo  are  excessive  for  tlie  service.      This  is no new condition of affairs in cities  ���where  the  telephone service is in the  hands of private individuals.     One instance coining under our notice is tli.it  of Grand  Rapids. ^Michigan, where the  charges of the telephone trust were $31!  and SIS a. year,  respectively, for'residence and oflice 'phones.     Tho people  organised a company and charged only  .$1.50 and fi a. month for better equipped  lines and better service.       They  found that, the actual cost was only i'i  a. year, ".. cents a month, and, of course,  it cost the trust  lei��s  than  it did   the  new   company.      No   sooner  had   the  permanency of the new company hivn  demonstrated  than  the trust  began  a  vigorous war upon il.     The millionaire  corpora tion that.had declined there was  "no   profit"   in   ?IS   rates,   out   under  the   low  rates   of   the  new  coiiipany.  When  thnt ditl  not convince Iho citizens' company that the telephone business is a god one fo keep' out ol" thu  .trust actually offered to furnish  telephones free of charge.    But the people  were not so blind, of course, as not to  see  that  this  spasm  of  virtue would  continue only  until   their new friend  ���was dead, and tho gifts of the old robber were scorned.     There is not,the  'least  doubt  in   tho  mind' of anybody  who possesses the slightest Informal ion  about telephones that the proposed now  company for Vancouver can do,-what it  clams���give better service at half the  rate���'and  then  mnke most gratifying  profits,  '.ind  act  liberally  Lo'wards  its  employees.  Before a new company Is allowed to  establish here, however, the city should  go into the matter carefully and see if  it can go into the business.  In regard to llie export duty on  logs, the tprovlnehil government on the  last day of .the .session, after 8:30 at  n'ighl, brought, in ���n, '.bill and passed It  to .the 'eft'ec-t thii-t all tlimber cut on  provincial Inr.ds Miould.not .bo export  ed until inaiHifaotured. Mr. Curtis  ���says that "this immediately gave ail  extra value"of $2 a, thousand to'evar/  thousand ifeet* of timber-' on" Premier  Dunsmuir's and other lands owned by  railway corporations, because Uie act  does notiipply to these lands, nnd these  kuids-aie wheie they oiu.ploy .lap.uiose  to out and .haul the timber, sir. Dun_>-  niulr and other people like 'hun have  .i large value added1 to their timber;  yet tin.- tlmhoii- is to he out mi' export  by  Chinese  and   .Ta.pani'si'."  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  An Im_>erial Dose.  British Columbia has had the yellow  man "Imperial" medicine administered  and now It is beiiij rubbed in. Eng  land's alliance with Japan In the far  east is not going to help the antl-Mon  gollan legislation In Canada. 'For  raesons that are entirely Imperial the  wouktng- people of British Columbia  will some day sweep the yellow cuish  into the sea.���New Denver Ledg?.  Alias Canadian Northern.  Once   again   the   British   Paclllc    is  trotted out to win nn  election at the  dear old capital.���Nanaliuo Herald.  Some people M-eni to think- that Premier DunsniiU-i- i.s spi-Iir-siu^ an election -ckidKC on the people of Victoria  in .Hie contract he is alleged to have  made with .Mmkenzie it .Mann. Wj  don't. Dunsiuuii, If ihe can work out  this scheme niul get a road down  tihiough the island, will malte his property many millions more valuaible than  it 'is now. lie is the most dangerous  man in the province and should nevor  have been elected to the lrasltion whioh  he is so iniaibji' It) fill.  The Hist copy ol the Crofion fia-  /.ette 'has Just rea-rlied Hill's ollice. The  letter-press is well selected and the  typographical appearance all that is  desired. il. Mortimer Lamb, of the !3.  C. '.Mining Record, is manager, and  Henry If. Newall, late of the London  l'all ..Mall Hazel te. editor. A map of  tiho new 'lownsile appears with the  ilrst edition. Long lift, and prosperity  to tlie now venture.  Word comes from Victoria that when  the new Redistribution Hill is brought  down next week, it will reduce the  membership of Ihe.House. If Premier  Dunsmuii- could guarantee that a le-  i]notion of quantity would mean an improvement of quality, his proposal  would have our cordial support.  A Nut for "Joo" Martin.  Liberals should as a. panty ta:ke a decided stand'In- favor of a compulsory  arbitration law ibascd -upon 'the amended New Zealand law and tho new law  enacted In New South .'Wales. To prevent strikes sounds very nice, n-nS is  a most desirable thing to do; but un-  Ics^, some definite .principle is -advanced as the means whereby this  most desirable end 'is 'to 'be attained,  is set forth, the declaration' carries  neither weight nor conviction with It.  Wluiit the Sentinel would like to see is  tlie adoption of t.he principle of compulsory aHbitiation as one of the  planks of the liberal platform.���Kamloops Sentinel.  /    A Mutter of Dcudutlon.  A hungry bear itliui used to live in  the canyons of Oklahoma, ono day  camo to a cow ramp and proceeded to  help itself to the provision on hand.  Among these was ten pounds of evaporated apples which the hear proceeded  to insert in his interior. After ho had  lunched the bear went to a neighboring  stream and took a. drink. Two hours  afterward a companion bear found tho  one who had dined rolling about In agony and asked what 'w^tus the matt-.-i-.  "I think, may-he," groaned tho slotc  bear, "that I must have swallowed an  umbrella and It has opened up on tho  inside." Moral.���The most reasonable  conclusions are liable to bo wrona.  *  The Store  jwifh a Purpose  *  !  i  ���*  Looking backward,- the reason ��  of this store's existence (decided  nine yturs ago) wus a good one.  lio felt, und wc think wc   liave  proven    to   some   extent,    xhnt  thero is room iu this oity for it  stoie that sells satisfactory qualities on u small margin of-profit.    From tho very beginning we  worked (jind to the best ot' our  ability) on the principlo that the  "   store thut buys lurgust cun sell ^  f   the  cheapest,   the  store  that    is X  A most fair with its enstomors imdT  9 gives*tbe best values is going to 4  *  get the greatest amount of trade. ���  T.-The same principle applies today.9  9 llccnuso this Store is tho largest J  9 Dry Goods Store in the city, do^  ��� 'licit overlook  tho   fact    wo   arc  ^ trying to get your trade by of-  t feting you qualities that satisfy  i  cit prices you  will certainly   be  i   satisfied  with;   for our  policy  is  r to satisfy our customers,  a pol- |  j   icy   that  hus  caused   us  to    ex-A  J   tent)   our   stoic    spneo  to  thrccj  ^ times tho extent it was '2 years f  > ago. !  Ho <& ruji&ks <L*e/ ���&mAA<ru&<C  d/ tits  ST- pAjCfl*4l>4S  *#*& /uo-us dffinAfin^ if ?  It is somewhat amusing to watch tihe  antics of the city council on the hotel  --closing-question.���Il-wit.s elected-on-ii  , temperance reform ticiket to clorc the  sajooiis oiccordlag to law. Now il is  asking a "so-called" board of licr-nse  commissioners to take steps in this direction. The license board ihave prac-  rUcally no powers and the council  knows It. It is only a. sort of pigeonhole institution for the city council to  Bl��lft Its responsibility. The license  board should be made a responsible institution 4o the peopl? wWh "powers to  treyulate the liquor trnltlc and control  Its own otlfrors to enforce the law.  Policemen ln urtlform. luuve no i-ight  to enter .premises aftor the oloflnivhou.  without a duly sworn warranL The  Jlquor question Should be; eliminated  from city council alTi-lrs.  Continuing. .Mr. Dunsiuuii'  he didn't 'believe in giving;  hnnd.    (Derisive laughter.;'  A Voice���Tliey gave it all to you.  Mir.   Dun-sniuir���'1  don't    blame   any  man if he can got the laud, if the _rt>.--  suiil  that  away the  eminent is such .fools to givo it.  roar.)J-At Victoria. Tuesday.  <0>  A Chicago conductor has been left  $1,000 by a millionaire to whom ho was  polite. No man but a fool would be  rude���to a millionaire, says an exchange. Then ithore must be a lot of  fools .in tlie Provincial Assembly, seeing the way they go for Premier Dunsmuir.  The proposed Canadian Northo'.-.n  does not em-ioach on "any preserve.-.  There a-ro no clauses in the "gold  lbrlc.k" railway agreement of the- province as prtLOtically-puttihe V��� V. &.K.  out of business. We would ask Premier Dunsmuir where the "safeguards"  A  Perhaps Premier Dunsmuir in his  .proposed Redistribution Bill will reduce  the Opposition membership.  AVhen the Australian colonies amalgamated it was thought that the United States had a better system of federa-  llon than Canada. So the federation  ���was designated as a commonwealth,  .and not a dominion. The divisions of  ihe country ue called states, not provinces. The Australian federal parliament Is fcnojwrc aa the house of repre-  feentatlvea, and their senate is elected,  instead of being appointed as in Canada. 'Hon. Dr. Momtajgue, an ex-cabl- . C. Ellis, corner Cambie. nnd Cornet rnlnlirter of Canada, sees In itWg sys-ldov'a streets, is the place yo�� con Bet  tem "the germs of many dangerous dls- |yonr hair cut in an artistic manner.  The local legislature is'not the only  leliberative-body-whera-the-members  have illstio foirfb'nLs. Last week tf.ie  United States .sonata was a. scene of a  like episode, when the senators from  South Carolina, had (.-i hand-to-hand  encounter.  This new railwny deal at Victoria  means the giving away of S,00fl,0n0  acres of land, .besides $4,000 and *4,500  In cash 'for 400 mflcs of railway, or u  total subsidy of $1.8(0,000. It�� Hlniply  ii. revival of the I.rltl.sli Pndiflc land  iiriub.  This is a world of ceaseless change.  You can tell our mining laws now, but  In 601 day.s ulioy .may not be recognisable. Our legl.shiiture is now In session, Let us pray.���New Denver  'IDi'dgc."  Don't tllsremcmber the fact that  "Joe" Martin has his eye on redistribution matters.  WYLIH and BROWN voted against  the Union laibel. .  The King's English.  Thus Mr. Frank. Horns, lately editor ot the Saturday llevlew: "The Prince  of Wales, strange to s.iy, though born  and bred here, speaks with ns German  an accent as do his mother and aunt,  Princess Chrislhin. The King hjmself,  buiTsMiis r's veiy oddly, and tho Queen  has a most pronounced accent, which a  Danish lady tells ine is German-English. Her father and mother, the King  and Queen of Denmark, were both of  German stock anil spoke Danish always  in slrong German, to the vexation of  tbe people, who loved them well and  had no other fault to find with a very  charming couple.' Queen Alexandria  is so beautiful and her praises are so  often sung that it may be forgiven to  cue to hint that her voice alone is not  perfection. A little harsh and guttural,  it hardly seems to belong to her. ^ I  hear, in this connection, that a young  girl, engaged in embroidering the pall  of the late Queen's colHn, remarked  that she ihad ibeen Interviewed iby every  English and foreign royalty at Osborne, "After all, the Kaiser is the only-  one who can really speak English."  _\   PRAYER.  1*1-01001 me, I-orcl, from those, Thy saints,  the sanctimonious few;  Oh!  savo mo from  their  clutches when  my  mortgages como  ttuc.  Oh! mil me not Into the hands of, these,  the men ot woe,  Who call  this earth a. "vttle of  tears,"  and sti-Ivc to make, it so.  Oh! guard ono from tho .bluo-nosiMl good  who lend at cent p��r cent.  And take :i thousand dollar Hon for nlnety  dollars lent.  Mako me,   instead,   tho debtor or  somo  man with human taints:  At any rate protect mc, Lord, from1 these,   -Tliy-modorn-s.aint.*5.��� . =-^���  Tlielr thoughts arc far from mortal life:  thoy never, never sin:  Thoy strive to 'bring to righteousness the  vory men they skin;  They never go a stop astray; thoy nev.-r  deign  to smile;  They sin not, and they only aim to castigate tho vile.      '  But, oh! why should they count It best  with cold and holv arts  To rivet tthcet-lron shields around tlieir  1   hard and stony hearts?  Their ears arc ilenf enough, God wot, lo  '     pleadings and  cnnipln lilts.  And ho I pray proti-et mo, 1.ord, from  theso Thy modern saints!  Oh!   savo  mo  from   tliu  sa notified,   the  loo uncommon good,        ,., ���.  Who  tell  us what  we shouldn't do nntl  preach   us what   we.  should:  These saints who squeeze a dollar twlco  and wear r.ltt'.np aureoles  Will take our children's ibrcud nnd  then  attempt to save our souls!  Give  mc.  Instead,  n, worldly man,  with  some few healthy stains  That show ho has the common blood of  mankind  ln his veins,  And heart thut swells enough sometimes  to overthrow constraints.  But ln my need protect mo, Ix>rd, from  self-appointed saints!  ELLIS   PAiRKER   BUTLER.  CORRECT   PRESS KOlt        9  WOMEN. 9  tl"0    Cordova     St.,    Vancouver.*  ���  WA-NTBD ��� AGENTS ��� Don't forge t.  ("Tho early bird catches the llrst  worm") we give you advance information albout tlhe best to appear, PREI-J.  Rend your address Immediately. J. M.  MacGregor Publishing Co., Box .17,  Vancouver.  MAKB A MOTION AT THE NEXT  MEETING OP TOUR UNION TO INSTRUCT THE SECKTARY TO COMMUNICATE THE NEWS CONCERNING TOUR CRAIT TO THE INDEPENDENT. ,    .  i' * \  BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS.  l_oc.il union No. 017, U. U. of C, held  their regular fortnightly meeting on  Thursday, ttith EV?1>. For tho past fow  weeks the soss.ioiis have been woll-itl-  tendetl and Interest in unionism among  carpenters seems to be gathering  strength. Tlii>t<posslbllIty of reducing  tihe working day to eight hours was  discussed 'pro and con, and it Is not  improbable that the near future may  see Vancouver an clght-'hour town for  carpenters. A mass meeting of all interested at an early date would be no  surprise.  A coiiimunl-.-ation from 1he Glass  ���Blowers' association of the United States and Canada was received. It stated: "For fifteen  years wo have tioen fighting  non-unionism and coinp.-uiy stores in  New Jersey. Our struggle of two yeais  ago cost us one hundred and seventy-  two thousand dollars, yet we succeel-  ed in organizing'fourteen bundled m?n  and increased their .wages fifty per  cent., which is now paid to them ;n  cash. This effort, we hope, will entitle us to youi- assistance In this, our  tirst appeal. There are two non-union  concerns remaining; Che principal one  is operated iby the George Jonas Glass  company. This firm concluded that intelligence and organization was increasing too lapldly In the towns and  cities, so It ibuilt a little empire of its  own a>t 'SI'Inotola, New Jersey. Th-.  store, church, dwelling houses and  every foot of ground belong to tihis  firm. There Is nol a. building nor even  a vacant lot where organized labor  could hold a meeting, and should any  of the workmen be found talking to  our memibers, thsy are not only instantly discharged, but -mhe-ir food  supply at the company store is  cut off .-Ll.-io, amd there being no other  atoie allowed in the town, you can  realize that the non-union men there  are ljingi in a hard ibed, but one -if  their own maiking. Wc would- (eel under many obligations if you would ap-  -Ijoint-'co!iimittees_to-'waIt-on-business  men who handle this line of goods, and  also -writo to tho AVhittlimore Bros,  company, No. 237, Albany street, Boston, M.M.S., asking tlieni to withdraw  their 'pi"_trona.gi> from the ���concern at  MirA-tola." PRESS COMMITTEE,  ��� �������������������������� -��������0������������������������ �����������������  ii Wait Cl  Minute  ���  a day���n, month, is the common excuse. It-was what the captain  of a vessel said;���on returning from ithe voyagle he would Insure. Bat  he never came back. The vessel was wredked; he was 'lost; his family  was  stranded,   too, 'financially,   by his procrastination.  No other time is eciual to the priCsent moment for Life Insurance In  cost and opportunity, and no policies   surpass   Whose   of   thte    Union  Mutual in (privileges and values.  ���Details sent free.  '\  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  it  <t  *t  o  <���  \o  o.  n  ���o  o  o  o  <>  o  o  <���  it  it  o  o  <���  <l  o  <���  <���  9����������������� ��������������������������������������<>����� ���������������������������  f  Are You Going to Travel  This Spring.  Perhaps you will visit London during the coronation ceremonies in June.  If so. you will require a. R*>od truuik tind Valise. We'have tlliem In all qualities  and shnjies���stateroom trunks. Large sq ua.ro trunks, single or double tray.  bureau trunks, solid leather, nnil basket trunks.  In valises we'havo the club bag, Gladstone and Icit (bags, suit cases an,I  teleseope.-ii'lso shawl straps and valise tags; In fact, uvfrylhing in the line of  traveling goods can bo procured here. v-  CLUBB   &   STEWART,  Tklepiionk 702.     ' ' 1G0 Coiidova Stkeet. ������  PATRONIZE^UNION CLERKS.  All BRmbcra ol Ibe R. C. I. P. A. tin allow I lils card.  Aik lor II when tnakloi your purchase*.  CN00N8CD BV THC A    f. Of U  ^g^  HffH  ,      ONE-THIRD ACTUAL 8IZC*  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only dnring months namotl on rJRht  hitnii corner aud whon properly signed aud  stauted with the number of tho Local. ���  100,459  JIK1T1SH   CAKUAI/l'IES.  The Hritlsh war olllce has Issued a return showing the total of our losses In  South Africa, since tho commencement  of tho war. until January .11, as follows:  Officially   admitted 86,439  In  hospitals and  rest centres  In  South     Africa    (Government:  ligures)  14,000  Colonial, Invulids   3,000  Civilian  deaths     2,.V)0  Casualties, Including returned Invalids, since Feb. 1     fiOO  Total 1%,459  In addition the Boers took nnd released about 25,006 British prisoners.  (Ralph Slmth has accepted an invitation to address a mass meeting in  ttroukvllle, Ontaa-lo, on Friday, March  ���21, under the auspices of the Trade  aiul Mbor council. At the municipal  elwtion this year BroaWvllle elected ^a  Labor mayor a,nd saven ]__aibor alde.'-  iiien out'of ten. . .    . -  UNION CIGAR FACTORIES.  tFViJlowdng' is o. tfst of the Union cd-  gar factories in Brlttisk CVilumMa. wbo  use -tbe blue htibel:  W. TJetJen, Nb. 1���Dlvlslbn No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kurtz & Co. No. 2���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Inlana Cllgar Manufacturing Company, No. 3���Division No. 38, K\a.mlooj>s.  B. TOUiberg & Co., No. 4���Division No.  ���18, New *Wc(_t_mnBter.  T. TOoxstiook, No. 6���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  KeJoiwna' Shippere' Union Company,  No. S���DI\-tsIon No. 38, Ketowna.  Wright Broe, No���9���DJviaion No. 38,  Rossland.  ���Kootonay-CHgar-Manuifactiiring Company, No. 10���Division No. 38, Neison.  Metre & Johnson, No. 2���Division No.  37, VHctoria.  M. BaiatDey, No. *_���'Division No. 37,  Victoria.  Talaad Cjgas- FaicWovy, 6. Norman, No.  6-I>ivJs3on No. 37. Vwtoria.  ProWnoe Oigar Co., No. 7���Dlvnaon  No. 37, Victoria.  A. Sabtiotea- tc Sons, No. 8���Division  N��. 37, Victoria.  P. Gable, No. 8���Division No. 37, Na-  nabiM.  J. Xiery, No. U���DVvtBIon No. 37, Victoria.  IM. J. Booth, No. M-tDlvMon No. 37,  Nanalmo.  C. G. Bdhoeen���Division Nlo. 37, Victoria.  T. F. Gold, Capitol Cigar Factory.  No. 12, Victoria, B. C.  Harris A. Stuart, No. 6���Division No.  38, Revetetoke.  J. Martin, No'.'7���Division No. 38,  Sandon.  . FSielln & MnDonougb, No. 12���Division 38, NdBOD.  / THERE. IS  of Fire or Injury1 to  Health when you use  the  The price, is now  such that almost ev-.  erybody can afford it  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  m  i -t'S  il  n  \  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  PARIS GB&HN. HBIiLHBORB  AND WHASLB OIL eOAP for the ex-  tMwitnaiHan of the COT WORM ami  oilier InaMte���tyr acaie.toy i&e MeDoir-  ���a, AtMna. WaAmja' Caaipuiy, The  Dn-Bflrtts, Va-nenvw.  .  nc  Work*  Bro|>orter* and Boftfers  GOBE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS. .,;    ���  For stomach trouble of any Und take  Flint's Dyspeptf* Tablets. Tbey cure  cr you ott your numtfy-luutk. GOc.  McDow��U, AtWns, Watoon Co.  -\ SATURDAY MAJKJH S,  1902.  ���V.  '8  <_  jt  i id  1  vi'  V V'_  ���1. A. UROUIIAIIT,  Hardware,  Stoves,   Ranges,   Etc.  35  Hastings  Street Cast.   THE INDEPENDENT.  PATRONIZE HOME  INDUSTRY  lly Smoking  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," "Spanish' Blossom"  They aro tho best in the land nml iliude by .  ���Uuion Labor in  KURTZ & CO.'S PIONEER CIGAR FACTORY j  VANCOUVER, Jt. C. (  4��^Ca)l for tliem and see that you get tliem.'  O0��f9MMMMM��MMM<��  up to the Wlffhest possible point. TGie  removal of the duty entirely -would result in great benefit for the people.  Canadian manufacturers have better  advantages than American makers of  paper, and can compete successfully  with 'them in an open market.���Citizen  and Country.  KEEP TflEM OUT.  JEWS OF THE UBOR WORM  "Texas w  donor.  AMERICAN;  Hit's-a'state labor commls-  lows: (I)-.Investigation of present conditions; (2) co-operation -with the Consumers' League ami the Union Label  ii. campaign for remedial  FOREIGN.  The master Joiners of Glasgow are  consldoring- a proposal  to reduce the  men's wages Id. per hour.    'Wie men  .threaten to strike.  The stoppage of ithe. Linlithgow Oil  company threatens to have disastrous  results to the .working classes in thut  district.   Already many men are idle.  Tho Swansea .truldes   council    have  considered ithe question of 'parllamen-  t'uj'y. laibor    representation    and hove  agreed to form a permanent local coin  ntittee.  R. T. Lonery, editor of the New Denver Lodge, compares the boldness of the  people of California to the bashfulness  of British Columbians in his usual way  of putting things.   He snys that "California Is ti country of many resources,  and the'people who live In it try to 1st  the world know It.   'J'hey are not the  least bit bashful or conservative about  tho matter.   .As a result of all this ovcr  a. million people live In the state, and  thousands of    tourists drop  in  every  mouth to look at the flowers, or think  think that consumption will not linger  . BOX St.  ,. 'PHONE 1��.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  a Wholesale Agents fob  TUCKET QGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS i  Brands i  MONOGRAM, MARGDEBITA, BOUQUET,  OUR srECIAX, Eh JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHIELER,  Corner Alexander Street and Colombia Avenue, Vancouver,  , ,   ...       ,    .,   . i ,.     ..   "V,       '.,?' I miles, or about 57 per cent, of the pres-  with thorn in thut climate. Everything I, ^^ ^^ ^ ^ m   thoy have worth looking at or Invest-'  ing In is paraded before the eyes of tho  , Thp building trades council and the  fcentral labor council of Milwaukee have  united.  The carpenters' union of Dallas, Texas, Is now .paying $5 a. week as a sick  benefit.  The minors' union of Leal City, S.  D., hasreec/ntly completed a labor tem-  Iilo at n, cost of $00,000!  Machines, nre-being used In-Newark,  ���N. J., for iron   clipping, each one of  which displaces six men.  .Judge-'.Bctittlc of New York has ren-  '..tiered a. decision., declaring the elght-  liour law uncuiislitutlonul.  The National Cash ltegiPter oompany  is  accused  ol' semllm? out niislcaalng  circulars signed .by their employees.  ��� The labor unions of Beaumont, Texas  =aro talking of putting a ticket of their  ��� bi-ii in tho Held this spring.  lion and Steel Workers art to moot  .in convention at Wheeling, Vji., on  -Aa.i-il .l.'i.   Another strike may result.  A  carpenters' .union of 99  meiiibei-s  has been '.organised 'in. Reno,: Nov. This  is. tho'fust carpenters'   union   in  this  ��� state.  League;  (3)  legislation.  It'is .feared that .the ibeginndni? of  work on the packing '"houses a.t Fort  Worth will bring a rush of 'coi-pentcrs  to that city. Annourteomen.t is -nitide  thait there are already more than  enough carpenters.-there to take care of  all the 'wonk.  CA'NADTAiN.  Lieut.-Col.. Hudon, 'Kingston, has refused to accept a. South African medal.  A canning: company ."has .'been Incorporated at Osh.ina, with a capital ..f  yioo.ooo.  A wMteweiii. 'company in Toronto has  been iliicoi'poratetl withja capital.' of  Sioo.ooo.' :*;���'���.���<���>..-: -ii-;;., ;, .';:.".;'. ���;"  . The' .stoves, made 'by.uhe . Gurney  Foundry-company of Toronto a  union made.���".  :.-V:i elevator  ii-e not  ,to,ho built tit Fort William liy uhe cl'p.']'!, ���.jn :ho!d"  bushels of gi-aiii:  ���When  l,30A,0ii)a  i yoii' pill-chase a piano be sure  and 'get-alabel on. it.Then: there .will  bo 'harmony; In your home-.  ,   The IRJehelit-u  Hon  ���o The working women of Ohio receive  .an average :weokly. wage'of 4A.S1, from  ���which .tliey save the munificent sum. of  3-1 cents. '  The   boycotted   New  York Sun    'has  passed  Imto the 'hands of a. new man  tiger.   Are the ru'ts,deserting the sink  .Jng ship? ��� v ',  TjJie Singer sewing machine nien of  -South Bend,\ Intl., to the number of  3,730 are on strike against a reduction  dn-ivages. s  Tlie billion tlollnr steel trust is now  itryllng to force conditions upon the seamen; on ithe ore vessels that may;-lertci  ito -trouble.  Galveston, Texas, ls so nearly bank-  '.rupt tihat there Is very little work lo  :i>e done there and carpenters are warned to stay away.  The Bricklayers'   International   has  ���decreed thait no union man can refuse  , to woifc Ibeside another union man he-  fcoiuse he Is colored.  The striking inaohinlsts of  Chicago  ��� are taldlng. a. .solemn on;th not to shave  .until .their.strike is won.   The pickets  are glad to 'have -whiskers as a protection from the cold laike winds.  Tlie   trades  council   of; Alexandria, I  .Ind.,   is  determined  to  have a union j  labor paper.   'At a recent 'meeting a  commatiteemn n 'brought in a roll ot .pa-  ,per 52 feet long leo'ntaJning 650 name3.  The Chicago BuUldlng Trades council  .has  proposed 'that the .city construct  .' .jininlotpaj machine shops in which the  (���repairs on city, pumjps and machinery  .-���.���an Jbe - done ��� ,by��� ���unemployed -union  union.  It is rumored that the United Mine  Workers aro to moke a determined effort ito organize  the   West    Virginia  I miners during tlio coming spiling, and  the,mine owners are (preparing them-  iselvcs for combat.  Tho executive commltteevof the National Civic Federation, recently form-  I -ed, claims credit ifor the settlement cf  ���the garment wonkers' stHlke   la New  [/York, "by which 40,000 persons obtained  )���&, shorter iworkxlay.  After April   '1st the -bricklayers ot  I-CInulnnati,  who nre engaged In work  I ".for the city, will receitve 62 1-2 cents  an hour fop .tunnel work, and GS 1-2  r-ticnts nn hour for work on buildings,  '��nd an. eight-hour day.     ;    i  The 'brewery workers of St Joseph  'were recently granted an Increase In  pay and an eight-hour day, tout at the  asaine tilme their, ibeer allowance was  out from slxrty glasses a day ea*_h to  three glasses a day servca toy the ftore-  f man.  .   ,'    i  The club ���women-of ,ithe;countr3*;aTe  {becoming aroused! on -Ote sulbject of  chllld 'lahbr. A committee of. the; Illl-  nola Statex Federation' <rf Women's  31u_ds tiaa been liAtBtleatlng and has j  I outlined a vrogram for-.awtkm as foi-'  ind Ontario  Nan'lga-  ���ohi'pnny: carried $1,100,000"in. 1901,  ! anil1 has;'a prdtlt of ,$160,000.      iX:  '-i;Ai. Haiiiilloii lirm. 'has'been ineoi-poi-T  a-ted-wit'lr'a catiitatof $100,000 to manii-  faoture pianos'and organs.  j- The   Uoiiiinloii. ;\Vfre   _\_amifacturina  coiiipany ut-.MbiitreaJ litis increased its  rapiitiilfi-oni'JlSO.OOOito J.l,000,CO0^ yi  "; .Tiie;HuclsoiJiBiiy.coiiiiian'y will erect  a liuiriiber, ni'Ill, allour juilj, and aii elec-  tiifc * light plan t7a t; Venivililoii;;.^  .���.A.'41<iO,CO0.j-onipiuiy ���'.ivlirijnaniiiiibturi;  piiip    at   .b'lsi'jieli,;..Quebec,   'aud;  Biompton    JTuils,    Qiiobec.  company, iii tis.'uli-eady- spent, tl i*0,000 -oil  foundations alone.; * >\7'-::v'..-V '���  The .Glasgow plasterers',   strike  has  been settled. . The masters  agreed   to  concede 'the demands of the..'op.era.tiv  and to raise the rate of-wages from 9d,  to 9 i-id. per hour. . "���'-���'..'  ..Aid. .'John Thomas, .miners'- agenti  Gamv district, Wales,;, atterided the  h*6use of comihorison March 5, when  ithe elgh hours bill .was introduced, and  with other miners' leaders lobbied' in  support of-'the Ibilli v.-. ���:-.' . 7     -  'it is believed 'thiit; the. claim'of the  plain.tiff coal jowners of South' Wales  l,and  aionmouthshire   in   the . stop-day  IHigaition iwill amount to no loss than  �� 70,000.' . The avei-age- ou tput per man  is calcula.ted at fourtons in three days,  whioh ait Is. per ton"(s Js. per, man.  *- There has been a great increase in  the' membei-sihlp^of.'. the   Welsh  Artisans'  union .. during  the.  last    three  months and  advances have -lieen  so-,  cured  for' the'-.-members  at Jloi'i'ls'tbn,-  ���Midland;  Dyffi-y-n,    and    Beaufoi-t.-.tin  pln'te works. ���:'���;.'. .        i ;.'���.-;���" |  Tho  Smelters' uiilori'  i-esolved hot to _ eritir-  world. Few of the tourists gawking  around California, ever heard of British  Columbla^whlch shows how clever we  have been In concealing the great snap  we have in this province.  Biitish Columbia is capable of sup-  es j'porting many millions of people, but we  ' do not. want them. There are only 177,-  000 of us here now, and we certainly  have a great btiniiiiza if we can only  keen ..the world from knowing about  our glorious tilimate and the-rlchness of  total, sna EnUJ Befweea KM Bna  Obi. yeax XSSS juaB mw KRPMOh  tnate beginning   pit  chaogai   .wisicli,  SMrkfag jrttn especial totem etece 18��,  have practlcaDs navolutlonlzea the pby^  slcal conditiori of   railway properties,  and on the mora] side have'substituted  new principles In nearly every department of administrative activity.    The  average weight per locomotive built by  tlio Baldwin Works in IS90 was 92,370  pounds, and in 1S99 .127,2,'U pounds, or  an average increase in weight of 37.74  per cent.    As late as 1SS0 steel track  Union Directory.  THE VANCOUVElt TRADES AND  Labor Council meets first and third  Thursday in each month; at 7:30 p_.m_  President, XV. 3. Lamrick: vice-president,  F. J. Kussell: secretary,-T. H. Cross; fln-  inioltil secrotary, J. T. Llllcy; treasurer,  C. Crowder; sergeant-at-arms, G. 3.  Salter; siatlstlclan, T   "   **  J. II. Browne.  JOUIiNEYAfEIN BA11BEBS' INTHIUNTA-  TIOSAL   UNION,   No-.   120-Pre8ldMit.  "   W. Isiiacs;  out- natural resources. If the woild gets   conslit��ted less than one-third of the   " " " ' total "'ease, In 1S90 about SO per cent  and now about 93 per cent..  of "Wa'Ies.'have  into any agree-.  meri�� Vith' the.-.-'eiri-ployers iil'tei- June  except on the eonditiioii' that *are.-i.;. be  made .t'he basis of payment.' .'The workmen havo also resolved to ask the employers for the;,;abolition, of Sunday I  ���work by mill men; -    ; '-.'���?������'<  .V7The.--Swansea authorities;have in*i-e-  cent years .taken up tlie eleveloiuii'ient  of ina ny trades and ithey ii'ave dorieso  with success.-The latest is the opening  of 'a'new wholesale flsh mariket.' .which  is as complete; and '.'osvivell-e'ciulpped'  a1'market:ns-ls.tq.'he found'hi the.klng-  dorniyi i-l:liiiii,:.y'X-i'y-"':i'l ii.l"':,.[."..IX  -The.'.'.promoters of:-Wie '������ teaching of  .Welsh *ln-.;tTie;eIenientary '.schools, will  .be^astoriished' :.to���iearri;7 thiiit' 'a.t.  the  The Huinllton.-',:��� Trades and Labor  council (jas iiutlioiizt'd Secretary Obsr-  meyer to get out .t- new laboi' directory.  Hamilton lias a record for getting out  a directory in -splendid form.  A splendid picture appeals in the In-  toi-naitioiial iWoodworker c*f J. C; Kan-  non," Toronto,' who,hns ibeen:chiesen to  act'6n the Executllvo Board of the In-  tei-nall.loiitil Amalgamated AVoodwork-  et;.s.  A Keewtttin inilling linn recently  shipped 300 tons of Hour.to Sydney, N.  S.**W. The "same linn has: also ic-  celvcd an oftlc-r from, t'he British Government, to. ship Ui'.iiOO ibari-els o.  I to South Africa.  There are '>7.'i miles of electric railways built In Canada, and last- year  ithe companies earned f3,7CS.2S3, of  wihlch-$3,_.'.3,lG3 was juthl for expenses,  and the prolit was J2,.'!Xt,lti0 on a paid-  up capital of *;fi),076,01��.  Itov.   J.  ���I* Goixlon, [xistor of the  Bond Street Congi-egationtil- church of  Toronto, announced himself a Christian socialist,: a supiwrter of public  ownership, a believer In the taxation  of land  values,  a woman  .^,,0^,,,,. I Fllshguartl county school, where nineteen out of every ���twenty-; of-the pupils  are .Welsh speaking,  there is not one  .teacher   who  can   teach 'the   children  in .their own language.  'The result of the strike of cm-punters  and joiners In Limerick for an advance  of  wages 'from 32s.   to 31s.   per weak,  wihlch lasted for several niontlis,  has  been that th? men, sortie 70 In liumibe:-,  have all returned  to work at an advance of a farthlii'g per 'hour,'., with'the  hours of la'bor reduced and the ���working  rules .altered in other respects.  The sum of ��6S6,00O was allowed: for  wages in Portsmouth dockyard for the  current Ilnancial year. So great, however, ihas ibeen the pressure of .work  that t'he ailniii'alty have, ibeen obliged  to grant an.. additional ��14,0CO ito- the  wages bill of this dockyard. The ttd-  dirtlon is understood .to be largely due  to the cost of overtime .worked' ujion  the now ..-royal yacht.  The -Scottish-Miners' Federation are  now talking aotlive steps to carry'Into  effect the recent resolutions to put for-  wuivl parliamentary candidates in half  ardozen-oflhfmliTlng constitueneloi.  A', commencement is being made With  StSuth Ayrshire, where a candidate will  on to it how sadly it would disturb the  ctiuilibrlum.df 177,000 souls.    The rude  world would  shove    its  nose  Ito   our  midst, iind shatter the hopes In which  we live.   Cities would spring up'.everywhere, our mountains would be lacerated with mines, nnd the, beauties of our  scenery ravished by the eyes of a million tourists.   We cannot bear to think  of'such a future.   Aided by our legls  lature, we have been able to keep the  mob out so faivr.nd if the 177,000 souls  now  in" this  province, will    stand  together'.we'may be .' able to hold, this  beauteous    land    against*- all  comers.  | Great Scott! if the World breaks in up-  [ on the stilly -'calmness of the province  where would .we,;be at?   Just think of  street cars in New Denver for instance.  The bare thought of such a thing almost chills out- serenity.  "XVe tear Ihu clay may come when the  world will Hnd u.s out,: and then, good-  t bye to peace.   We would bo forced .to  make   money,   nnd Joywould   be   unknown.  "While in California, recently we curried in oui-pocket a history of the advantages and resources-, of-'British Columbia, lt was rather "unwise to do  such a thing. Tf we: had lost it some  intelligent Yank might have picked it  up-'and'spread-the news of, the wonderful country to the: north. Then, to use  modern   language. ..the,:  cheese would j  Pay up your substtrlption to the Independent, tit does not cost you much  and you should' not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor paper.   , ._. CMorgan; guide, jm.  Bradloy;-. guardian, P. J. Bennett;  delegates to T. & L. Council: G. W.  Isaacs and .Fred. Haw. Meets first anti  third Wednesdays of each month In  Union Hnll.  "urnS1 \VnUT1--5S AXD WAITRESSES?  reeordln;  'iomor and Dunsmuir  streets.  UNION B.^JililHIE-S.  ���W. D. Mulr, Mount Pleasant.  W: Murray, Prior street.  Montreal Bakery,  Westminster avenue.  I<\ Adams, Scotch BaJtery, Hastings  street.  W. D. Kent, ii6 Cordova street.   r-  3. Oben. Hastings street.      ,  Minchen Co., Granville street.  (Barnwell Bros., Granville street,  Xargen & Tupper. Granville stn"  VANCOU'H' TYPOaaAPHICAL' UNK>M,  No. i'ii meets the lust Sunday-in eacti  month at Union Hall. President, C S.1  Campbell; vice-president, XV. 3. McKay;  secretary, S. 3. Gothti.nl. P. O. Box 66;  t'oasinei-. CJco. Wilby: -u'tji'.-Liit-nt-tu-ms,  A. F. Arniiltl; oxeenth'- committee, !���'.  W. Fowler, J. H. Browm-, W.. Brand.  Rubt. Todd: delegates to Trades tintl  Lnbor-Council, XV. Bi-tind, Itobh. Todd,  J. H. Browne;-delegates to- Allied Trades  Council. F. A. Fowler, XV. J. McKay and  C. J. Marshall,  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner,  Westminster, Avenue ami Hastings Street  at Sip. m. President. G. Dickie; vice-president, John Filzzell: seci'etnrj', A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. VHiitlerwalker; conductor. Ed. Mnnnlng: "warden,-D. Smith;  sentinel,   T.   Dubberley::    delegates     to  ... _. ��� .../w..,,.., . ueieyaies to  y\Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  (Jas. Barton. Geo. Lenfesty. G. Dickie  'and H. A.  McDonald.  CAR-  Hunt,&;Foster, Hastings street.'    j  A. Murray, Westminster avenue.   '  Morgan/The Tailor, Granville,street.  Dan Stewart, Cordova street.  Clubb& Stewart, Cordova street.  W. Murphy, Cordova street.  McHae & MtoDOnald, Hasilngs street,  east.  ,. ,   ,     , .   ,        ,  .,   I   J. B. Sheering, Cambie street  have been slightly demented, and the|   E   Larserlf HastIngs street.  177,000 souls; now, languidly breatlilnj  the onone of life in our British Columbia,'-would'have been in danger of be  lng awakened from their sleep by tht  coming of the  multitude.  "Let us slumber. Our legislature, Is  now at the breach Ihj Victoria 'and;'we  are safe for a while. No capital can  squeeze through to jar the even tenor  of our serene way." '  J. CorreUi, Cordova street.  Simon'& Co., Cordova street.  PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given that  'the .Mainland , Stea-mslilpmen's ��� Protective and Benevolent Association, of British Columlvlii. lnteiid applying to the  Lieutenant-Governor in Coiiiicll' for a  change of name: to that of the British  Columlbla Steamshipmen's : Society,l; nnd  that -i- i^.1"-"1'  ���>."���    -���  UNITED    P.ROTHEP.HOOD    OF  PENTERS and Jolnei���Meets' every  second and fourth. Thursday In Union  HaJI. room No. 3. President, G. Dobbin;  vtce-presldeni, J. M. Sinclair; recording  secretnry,   W.   T.  Mne.Mtillen;    financial  secretary,  H.  S.  Falconer:  treasurer, J.  Ferguson; conductor, R. MncKenzle; war- .  den, J. McLeotl; .'delegates'.to T. and 1_.  .council; Robt. Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M.  Sinclair.   THE RETAIL CtiERKS' INTKuNA-  TIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brien's Hall, the nrst and  third "Tuesdays'.-of each month. T. A.  Phillip, president: W. J. Lamrick, secretary. 24% Princes" street.   TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. IIS, W.  '������P.-M.,'1 meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters'. hall, Van Anda. President,  R. Altken; vice-president. C. A. Melvilln;  secretary, A. Raper. Van Anda, B. C;  trensurer, H. V. Price: conductor, P.  Burt; warden. John  T.lnklftter.  floui   ,   Society,   "im  that .a general mooting of thfe mcinbm-s  of the above association Is hereby c-iMed  for Tuesday, April 1st, 1902, at 3 p.'-m.. to  dotermlno the ttetJon. to be talcen.  C.   II.   THOMPSON.  (Signed/ GEORGE NOON AN,  HENRY HOOPER.  Trustees  BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS  The convention number of the Bricklayer and Mason is both interesting and  instructive; it contains excellent cuts  of,;first, the. whole body of the convention grouped In the portico of the hall  of meeting, and a full page representing the new ofllcers, all of whom have  been re-elected. The following are ox-  tracts from the official' report of proceeding, and indicate the fraternal ami  ���  _.,          _ . ,        S  ,'   S  W   n     l_rtn_��& Brockton Point    9  piogresslve policy of that organisation:   g   ����� mra *WWM%.9     Lighthouse       fi  "The American Federation of Labor oOtaMMtVat*aaant*ri****<��'*'*~~~--~-���  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Bfaver Lodge, No. 1S3-  Meele second and fourth Wednesday In  each month In Union : Hall. President.  Wm.- Beer; corresponding, secretary, B. -  Tlmmlns, 72G Hamilton street; flnancts!  secretary, J. - h. McVety. 1211; Seymour '  street.  VANCOUVER   F7SI!KRM1_N'S   UNION.  No.   2.    Meets   in   Lnbo:-  Hall.* Homer  street the Inst Saturday in ��ieh month at  S p. m. Sydney Htu-ri-. -������< iviury, cure of ,  water works shoiis.   Pon-11  xtp'et.  S    DELICIOUS WINE    &  Madk Kxclcsivblv fboh B. C. Fni'iT.    ��  S   FRESH CUT FLOWERS   UXIOV.M.IDK   g  DOMJiSTIC CIGAKS. g  ft  n  O  JOURNEVMEN BAKERS AIND CONFECTIONERS' InterniUlcnia! Union of,  Ajnerlca. Ucnl Xo, -j.'.. Vancouver, B.  C.:" President, Wm. H. Karnes: vice-  president,. Fred. Jny; recording secretary.  Sam Walker, St. ��� Gi'-di-l--? St., 7th Ave.;  financial secretary, N. MttMullin; treasurer, W. A. Woods.  When niKklng a trip around the  I'iirk call on  CIGARMAKERS' UNION ,NO. 367���  Meets the flrst Tuesday in each month  In Union Hall. President. A. Koehel;  vice-president, P. Crowder; secretary,  G. Thomas, Jr., 14S Cordova' street west;  treasurer, S.* W. Johnson: sergeant-at-  arms. J. W. Brat; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  C.  Nelson.  and a prohibitionist.  suit raglst;  shortly ibe placed In the .Held.   Candidates will also Ibe  found  for North-  rm,    t.   ,   ' , , Knst    Lanark,    North-West \   Lanark  The Federated 'building    council   in   Mld-l'.ana.-k.   Wesf Fife  Toronto has  decided  that  attv  sent a representative, vice-president  Duiiftui, Avho made a strong appeal for  nlllliatlon With, the great composite  body;' but no action whatever was t'nk-  ____L^7��!l^Ji-'!:;-xr-"T--'^"-sayI-'omej0f"its  prominent members, should have affiliated w Ith some organisation years ago.  The  journal  tiuite  agrees  with  these  j eooooooooaaaeeoosaeooeoooe  CANADIAN  ' I'l-'iiyi 'j^^C i'Ft'jg-  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS ANI>  DECORATORS. Local Union No. 133.  Meets overy Thursday in Labor Hall.  President, W. Pavlcr: vice-president, "W. ���  Halllday; recording secretary, _3. Crush.  231 Georgia street: financial secretary, A.  Gothard, SSI Howe streot; treasurer,  JIc-ESorlcy.  H.  r May  1st union men In t'he building trades  will refuse to work oh Jobs wliere mm  are employed who cannot show a. working card guaranteeing that. Ihey aiv  union nien. '.Fourteen trades art! ni'pi'i'-  scnitetl,  Yes,   Now  nd   Falkhk  | burghs.  At it, iiHieting of the locked-out Pen-  I'hyn iiuarryinen at Bethesda it wits  pointed out that theli- cause .was still  brlghit. 'tlhe points wlilcvh the workmen on strike- clesiivd to havo settlvil  boforu thoy could go ibi-Cdc unitedly to  work wero: (I) They elahm-d the rlulit  of comblnatlon,"<_!) tlhey dosli-ed that If  ciinlraots were to tje let In the tiuurry  should 'be .on. u. 'co-opunitlvc bn-  they  Onturlb contains vast  Holies In mines, .ftn-estH, and' fisheries,  and it will eventually become an a��-  nicullural and uiiinufncturlng country  to a more limited extent. 'But. say! sis; (3) .they \vl_.hed to have restored  The conditions'.of -settlement-' ure so to them the Hlght to maOce ithelr own  unbearable that some townships can use ofJthe dimmer hour in the quarry;  be named in which fifty per cent, of  the children are itoo^poorly clod to go  to school.���Citizen and Country.  ��� The. Dominion go\*ernment deserves  ���commenclatlon for so promptly reducing the duty on paper from 25 to 15.per  cent The law of 1897 gave them power to aWt in this direction as tsoon iia  any Judge _ reported thait a trust exists. The decision of "Judge TascJier-  eaiuln'MontnMl wis .positive as, ^o the  existence of a. combine ot. Canadian  paper manufacturers to keep the price J  (4) 'they asked for a 'holiday on Labor  day (May 1). This was granted in  every trade in Groan Britain, but was  refused at ithi Penrtiyn quarry. '  The Independent wants a. report cf  each union meetttng and ji��wb ooncern-  In�� the mewheoa ot every organlwitioii.  Stfch rejHirts and news.will do Brack to  sustain and cretete interest la the or-  ganltatlcms. Secretaries are emeek.Hr  tfr^eB to aeod In.then ntpetta, Mt  oewn rroan-aay mii_rtiu_t. tt as arxaat-  brothers that we must throw aside our  cvelusiveness. and take our place In the  great army ot labor. Excluslveness has  served Its purpose, and long since; if  we should 'keep abreast of the .labor  movement, nnd avail ourselves of its  ItiiKer benefits, we should no longer be  known ns the '.'Selfish Bricklayers.'. Let  us hope the next convention "will ap-  I lielitte the iniportaiu'e of this mutter  of limitation, and deal with It Intelligently and conclusively. ��� * "The  convention'.was -completely carried off  Its feet by the speech of Ben TIHet,  who talked for hulf an hour. Headers  oif tho Journal ure already familiar with  the notod English labor leader's views  upon trade unionism In this country,  from his'article, upon this subject In  the January Issue. So pleased were the  delegates with his remarks, that, at the  conclusion of his speech, he was presented with nn honorarium."  und  I JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OP  AMERICA, 'No.  17S '��� Meets altcrn.ito  (Mondays in room 1, Union Hail. Presi-  denl,���P.���Williams ;-vlce-presItii'nt"_Chtis.  Whalen;.recording secretary,MI. O. Bur-  rltt; financial secretary, AVnlfi-ad Larson;  treasurer, XV. XV. ToomJ's; sergeant-at-  arms.  J.' MoPherson.  PACSfiC  LBNE  3=  I li Kt!M  Scenic  HO���lf��� |  LOWEST RATES.  RAILWAY EVOLUTION.  .Editor. Newcomb, of the1 Railway  World, states that as late as 1850 ltuigl  tudinal: wooden sills and the flat rails  were sMIl In'use on the. Utica & Seh-  nectady road. More thorn, 80 per cent.  of the-, United States' railway mileage  was built before 1890, and of this 114,006  To all polntt in Canada and,ti_erC)ifted 't-V.W.  THK FABTB8T AND BUST KQUIPPBD THAU  CB08SING THE CONTINENT.  UIUMflt roa 1AIAH AHD CBI1U.  Kntprenol India..... ..:  Deo. 80  Atbenlan  .....Jin. ID  Kmpren of Japan Jan. 27  and eveiy four weeka thereafter.  '. (AiLms roa honohjwi axs icnuui.  Aorangl... ..i.............Jas 10  Moana Fob. 7  Mlowera .;���,-... .Mar. 1  and every tour weeii thereafter.  Far farther puticolan utotliaa ntea at ���'  apply to i    '   '-"      ,:i..'  K. ). COTLB, . JAMB8 BOIATB.  ' A.G.P.A. TiOk��tA(at,     i  Tanosaver, B, C,        ��aH��rt1ngtSt,  V_uuM��f_gr,B.O.  Prom Their Nanaimo,fcouthneld ana  I'rotectlOB Island lollierlei,  Steamt Oas and  Coal  Ofthe Following Grades;  Doubl* BoTMntd Lump,  Run of thf Mi___��,  , ,    WnahMNutaod  7aunntl, H. eobinb. SaperlBteaOmt.  I  X    !  WM  i'jSihJ;  Wi  ?ite ������'.��*  inv.  If. I'  I.'T::  it  'CHICKEN COOP DOOR.  So Simple In Construction Tlitu Any  l'ur-  mor Hitiitly Witli'tools Can litipro-  vi.Mi This Cinoil One.  Experience is necessary in planning  and making pi-cpui-tiiinns' for winter.  It is not an easy nitittor for inexperienced peoplo to conceive nn idea of  a good door for their chicken coops,  and wc give here a drawing of out;  that 'We found Georgo Moore .'of  jMaine, using, anil which llu stiitl luul  given perfect siitisfactiou.  Tlio nrrungciticiil was so siuiplo in  ctiiiMi-ucliiui  that  tiny  fui'iiior      wlio  ll  !!!li! -v/'i !|si!>i!!l  CIUCKK.N" COCI1' llllOIS tll'KN*.  understood-'the-.use'of tools, at nil  could attach it to a coup or box  to be used for a coop Willi but littlo  trouble. Tho door, .or. entrance,'  shoulci lie sawed out. perfectly round;  ten inches would be large - enough,'  while the iloor or cover to the on-  truiicc should he one inch larger with  oho side.'extended so that the cover  ..will bo pcnr-shiipcjcl. The 'pointed side  shoulci have a tinai'lcr-inch. hole-bored through it, tho door working on a.  bolt for a hinge. Thisstyle of hinge  will not rust or break like the ordinary hinge, .and tho door is not  swinging open nntl shut, but remains  where the poultrymun leaves it. in a  cold climate, wliere ice. niul snow will  bother, four nails .should be driven  nearly     out'/ of sight on top of the  .'.-/.".     CMCKES C00l> 1)001: CI.0SKI).  cleat, on whicli the door nuiy- rest  instead of (lut down. This.will pre-  voiit freezing clown. -���-'     V,  llr. .Moore also uses.two doors, one  inside unci one/oittsirlti.tho coop, both  revolving oil Hie same boll. It. would  : be well for those ���wishing-��� to make, ti  cheap  anil .'convenient-Thicken    coop  ���eloorto try tlio.one herein described.  ���E. F. Barry,, in Ohio Farmer.   ,    ",;  * "./   Wlnt.ir I'rot.Mil on nt l'.ee>:  Bees in-winter must be kept dry und  warm. ,, Honey is their ;lirewootl7 us  woll as thoir food. -'..The /'colder/they  got; - the-inore honey thoy will"-.. eat.  Protection ��� ischeaper than honey.  'These frosty-mornings send the:, unprotected 'swarms to ihu/ fuel pile.  If you have chat, cushions, put, tlieni ���  on at once. . .'If.'you can 'do', uo tiling  else, got old boxes and turn/ tliem  upside clown; over the hives.. , -'J'liis-  will keep oh* the wind, s.now nml  rain .and be a great help. Jie sure  to keep the ilyhdlc open, for thoy  need. pu'ro air...  Several winters ago ti great, many  bees dietl in tliis section. .'.To ascertain'tho cause I visited n number  of large apiaries." I found clettd  swarms only in hives that hud moisture in them. This.got in either by  the hive being in contact with the  ground, or by frost, caused liy snow  banking against, the hive. .1 went  homo and built, a bee house in which  I packed the hives in-siuvdust, since  which I have never had a. case of  .winterkill and never expect it.. lt  is as cruel to freeze nntl .starve to  death these littlo friends .of ours as  other larger -creatures'.���\V. Ii. Anderson in Farm und  Home.  '&.  \\\  IS".  .'' Witch lln/ol. in AKt-ic-nltul-ii.  ,7 Agriculturally the witch hazel  plant has no .; value, us it hardly  grows large enough for fuel, but  makes a bushy clump-full'of branches. It is found abundantly iu  bush pastures; and the ; only good  tiling to bo snid about -it is that it  acts it's it nurse plant .for, better  forest    growth,      to    which it gives  iS_W__=^iMe______Liil___l^____J,as_ 'L   .Krt-'ttt  reputation. : Jj;xti7iTt"^f"witTlr*ira'zol*  is manufactured hy thousands of galr  Ions' ill' Middlesex , County, Conn.,  ns a reifiedy for wounds, bruises, etc.  It is sold by the battle.- und., tho  barrel and is in wide demand/- Now  comes in the agriculture. "' Witch  hazel brush���llie 'wholo"plii.ut, body  and , brunches��� is cut up short. in  a huge straw cutter, nntl; a fluid  extract is prcpiircd. . Tlio fanners  got Just enough tor cutting ami delivering tho brush to pay for1' .-llie  labor,  thus .getting' pay for      clean'  'Pastures within the. reach of Ihe factories.��� Mechlin's Monthly.   .'���/  m  *y,  i   KflVct "I  l-Vrn.iMiU'tl Milium!.  Fermented /.manure gives good  results, Us it contains more solunlilc  mutter than, thut, wliich is nol decomposed. (Jtirn sometimes fails because the inttnui-ii tines, not hnvo  timo to decompose in the soil  beforo the plants ninttii-e, nntl the  corn looks yellow because there  ,/is un insu.Iicieiiit'niiioiint, of available  nitrogen in-the soil. Later in tho  season: tho crop may show a green  tinge, but it'is then too., late. With  the lnamti'o.' 'in' '���puopci- condition  when the seed is,put in tin; crop secures a-good, start.."-.-  ; Ilcmovu Stumps mill Stones.       *   *-  -,. How can some: people squander  time, money und patience to cultivate " among'./'." stones ��� and around  stumps,":..'bushes, etc.? asks a correspondent of 'National; Stockman.  How ,7,prpfi table /could half in,'; .��� day  be,employed ion aTive-acro field t'Sto  remove some of these articles that  Interfere with .thorough and speedy  cultivation!';'������"77 7 7-:/'v.;: .*:'.���'-.".'  TREATMENT OF COLTS.  SyHtemativ Tralnint; ami Careful FeiHlins  Shotlltl N'evtir Ho Neglected.  I like to havo a colt go some in  harness when a yearling, and then  if it is not wanted in harness /again  for, a couple of yours when it is  harnessed again its' past associations  with tlio harness all seem to come  hack lo it again, untl it is ready  to begin where it left oil. Tlie summer the colt is it yearling is the  hardest time to keep it in good llish,  and even wilh tin extra chance it  will get thin. When tho cult is a  two-year-old it will -do some work  or some driving,, but I never intend  to use tlieni much ut that age. My  colts aro stiil'ih-d .nights for live  months during llie cold weather ���  that is, they ure tied with u halter.  I do ' not' like the way of lotting  them run loose, for they will move  .about too much of the lime. Hut.  if tliey nro tied up, ..with suiue,kil-  .diiiR, under them;/they.-wil)> lie/down  'most. of/ot.hc. night.'- This.,takes the  'weight off their^ joints, iiiici;', rests  their" legs, ami seems to mc 'tliu Letter way for- thorn. ��� ' ' '���'���������'  ��� Kven if. I intend, Jhe colt to- get  its living in tliu liulils during tlio  winter it is put in the barn -ia  night., given a little grain in the  morning, curried, .watered/and turned out. Us stomach is empty: it  will go out to the iielcls and eat  'most"of. tho- day. Toward night.it  will be back for some water and its  place itl the stable. If 1 have a  three-year-old I wnnt. two of them;  then work them a half day .'��� each���  that, is, make .'them do one horse's  work. This is good for thorn, and,  will go a long wny toward paying  for tlieir keeping: a'nd then n -wil  treated thus will, if 'properly..- fed  and handled, mtiUe a better growth  and��� develop into a more desirable  horse than if turned out in tlie best  pasture to care for.itself as n .four-  year-old.  For the same reason that a.-.bov  eats more from Ihe time lie is.eight  yeai'S old till ho is 20 limn ufler-  wards. tho coll. needs moro feed than  the mature horse. If .1 keep ahorse  till it- was, old'and decreased", in  value I would not. pari with it. for  those that deal in-that, class of  horses are licit-always.-'tho best- to  tliem. and wlien a. faithful ������..animal  litis been kept in good shape till it  has passed- its 'usefulness ns puin-  lcs's o. tli'iith us possible hnd a. .. tie-  cent, burial would* bo a'litling 'tribute to the noble animal���the/horse.  ������Ii. Si' Green, in Farm, Field. ��� niiel  Fireside.  'THE TALL LARKSPUR.  ���A l'liisimons I'liiiu, nm c-uttli' Eat'It Only  in c:i,i,t WviuIhmv  Tail larkspur' is sonioliiiics erroneously 'called,'aconite. -.' it.is a sim-  plo-st.eninieel 'perennial, four to seven  feel hiurli.' The 'numerous jlowers. are  of a pule bluc'i.'olor and are arranged  in long, ; slencler, tei-minal rncomts.  The 'seed'capsules are threo Ibked niul  smooth, lliti sopds black. This species  of larkspur is; easily clistiiiguislicd  from tliti purple hii-kspur'by tlujgi-etit  tliflorence in tho shtipe/oi" llioir.leaves  ami the color of. tliiiir (lowers. ; Tlie  tall larkspur has the (lowers'itonsid-  eraljly smaller' thtm those ..of:.."the  purple larkspur untl arranged,., in a  long, close tei-iniiihl spike. .The plant:  witli which this species.is most, likely  to lie "confused is'this wild/ geranium,  ���'fc-'SP'  .'.������ i'S(Ph\\ u m&j  "xyiiiiliy. >AT.I. l.AllkSPnl!./ ..". ../*,;.���  but/the- dhrige'r. is ���'.���"confined*' 7to., tho  dttrly part-of the season before 'the  -flnwr'ra=Sro-developedj==A-fteivi|;hoMlow.-.  eis of the larkspur nntl gcriiiiium.np-  lieitr.' l.htv two plants are easily dis-  tingtiished by the;etisiiiil,observer.  Tall larkspur may be ..'considered'1'a  poisonous .plant, though it is little  oaten by ftirni tiiiiiniils. The eating  occurs only.'..when*.snowstorms', havo  covered/other plants.' Even then entile'seem to bo about, the only stilTer-  crs. Even when otiUn, it is nol .always futttl, -considerable quuiilit/cs  being necessary to ileslf'oy/life.".'��� * In  experiments made in .feeding tht; extract of. larkspur, to rabbits Iho intimitis were mnde sick.��by |it,"'/l>ut. recovered. '���;-Nuvcrlhuli'ss, it is positively known lliiii. cuttle have'been killed  by eating it:' -'Kxperimeiits .tin.icaltlo  rind ,dn'sltuup'indicated lhat pi-i-iuiiii-  gajiiitopr potash is nn efletU-ive nnti-  tlott! when given in the iirst stages  iif the poisoning. Cattle .should l:c  kept front patches of 'larkspur, especially during snowstorms.���Funnel's'  KovioW. ,-,,:.   .:.   ;;yy,y.yx. ������������ :...���,;.  Cuimtttnt Cllttlvilllnti  I'liys.'  ��� Constant iind clean ..cultivation is  tlie best 'guarantee against ..the,1 disastrous effects. of drougfil'. Tho t'li-yei-  it '.beeomcstlio more rapidly should  the work bo" done. The dusl iilan-  ket is. a modern invention, and 'a  good ono:. With tho improved implement's now; available this work  ;cah"bo'.'doiiQl:irapidly,/ and us ', .th'ti  Vorlc. should .be/very/ shallow, only  a litrht"team,1s-reciuired, W:hon'-;'is-  shower, ���falls/," the; implemoitt \shoiild  bo-f(Uirb}jl as soon as the-soil' 'will  piiltfome^'iuid the dust blanket, reestablished.-.:-! /This will hold the water in the 'soil-'for, the use of /.the  plants.���Farm and IlancU.' . ,7 '  STABLING COWS.  A Clean, Ciimftirtnble  and ' Safe   Stall for  Dairy Cows��� Explanation uh Oli^iually  Given in Hoaril'H Oulrynian.  To be ellicient a cow stall must  keep the animal both comfortable  and clean. Experienced farmers and  dairymen are most of them ctuito  familiar wilh tho merits of the  Hoard stall; yet, as it is simple) of  construction mid unpatented, many  others may bo iitteresioil in It. An  illustration 'und explanation of' it.  'originally'given in Hoard:* Dairyman'.lire therefore here reproduced.  The excellence of this plan of tying roll's over the slani'hioii plan i.s  found tis follows;  l-'irst.���The cow has three und a  half feet, in width of stall unit'perfect  liberty, and comfort of position.  Second.���By virtue of the bar  across the stall Hour, which will bo  seen just forward(of the hind fest  of the standing cow, the animal has  always a dry, clean bud to lie in.  thus keeping her as clean froiii. nnin-  uro in winter as though she were in  a .Tunc pasture.  Third.���By this system each cow ts  protected _wheu lying elowii^ from having her tents mid-udder .stopped on  by her standing neighbor. This is one  of tlio most productive .sources'of-injury'that is known and of itself  should condemn .-the rigid stanchion.  , Tlie cut represents ono row .of-cows  facing another, row. A closely  boarded partition about four feet  high forms the front of. the stall.  Each cow has threo arid a half foot;  in width. The floor is made tight,  and there is no drop in rear ,of cows  except tho thickness of one plank,  which is tlie double --floor of the stall.  The. footling'rack, is eoiistniclcd     for  .. ._    -���'sa  ���:��� TIIK 110AIII1 STAI.I,.  two purposes ��� iirst. to contain/any  hay or roughage I hat nitty be fed to  the: cow (the slats tire put tut . wide  enough so the. cow can easily., get-  her nose "between theiiti; second, to  force tho cow when standing to stand  with', her,hind, feet in rear of tho  cross bar acreisft the stall floor, In  constriictiiig-tlie feeding rack nail a  2 by. S piece of sctiiiiling 'edgewise  agiiinsi. tho. board'..partition..-' .. This  constitutes tlie liottoiu of - the'...rack,  and , "should be-, phi cud .'about . .thirty-  inclies from llic.Ilc'im'v l'lnco tho top  scant ling-, about-'tiro feet from/ : ihe  parti I inn..". 'Phis 'makes thi; feeding  rack, eight' inches "wide til the bottom tintl two feet wide; at the .top.  .In'llie centre of.the botioni scantling  .listen "u. ring screw to fasten; tho baiter-" to. i'nslen the cow:��� vvith7o./i:om-  inb.ii .-web" ,-Iinlt'erv she .wearing;.tho.  heiulpicco .all Mio time. .The'"halter  ��iitl of, the rope'luts ti. safeLy 'snaii to  fasten into, .tho ring of the halter'  under the ' throat. To prevent.tho  cow from getting loose it is:well' to.  divide the end elf the rope into two  strands, each six inches long,' and  put/ivsnnp in each./fastening:in both'  Uu; ring when/tying the cow..  Tlie grain and ensilage box/is placed cm that side of the stall -opposite  to. the one tho .cow /usually, lies on.'  If slit; lies on lier left/sitle, ..|ilaco the:  grain-box on Hip;right" side,' as seen  in the eiigraving. : This box is large  enough .to contain the cnsiltigc//;niicl,  grain feed and is reached' byVim opening in the,partition. It is host to  havo the feed box slant down toward  the cow,; so/'that all the feed ..will  easily work down to-the end/ nearest'  her: This box should be long enough  to.extend from the partition into the  stall us far as the upper part of/.tlie-  feed i'nek 'projects/ittitl iibout 18 or  ���20 incites wide and 1G inches deep,  if p|ai't;d sufficiently /slanting. the  feed will easily/work, down ...to ./the  lower end next tho cow. so that she  will not need to bring her hind feet  In oti'hcr bedding in order*to /icacli  the contents of t lid box.  . Hints/on/llai'lctithiff Tttrk��.VR.   ,.  If turkeys, are well fattened and  arc sent to .market'-in a dirty,"shabby, craniped-up coop they are apt  to be left until late in tho day, and  nine finies out of teii if the intii-ket  is'Well'supplied-they will not sell at  all, just because tlieir appearance  khdckctl-tiiein^oiitf^^Agaiiv-^if^^rtiii'-  keys are placed-in'-a. close coop so  that they are conipollcil to sit., or  stand in a t-.rtiinpeil condition, .when  dressed lite breast and thighs .will  be very black unci not lit' foi''.'" sale  at any price. Tlio people who  buy turkeys for.       holidays  nro people , who unilei-.'jtiuicl  all these /things . and will 7not  buy them at nny. price:, oven if  they are : well I'alU'iicil. Turlioys  should'not bo fed for _!--| liruii's or ut  least 12: hours.' before shippiiig,'",.-, ns  when not foci tliey will nol drift  iiuiu-ly as much and .will be in -,' hotter ccmdlllou- foi* dressing.���Iturttl  Word.  STOP UP THE CRACKS.  jlake tlio Poultry Houses Secure Ag)iin>t  llrnfts and' ArnlilC.IiIh nntl linup.'" ���  As the weather begins to get  colder, especially o" nights, it is increasingly important that tho birds  shall "oo snugly 'sheltered from winds  and storms. We do not mean that  thoy .shall bo shut tight up so that  no fresh air whatever can reach  them, but that drafts shall l.e shut  till, for* it is to drafts that most of  the colds of uuftiiun anil winter are  due. The farmer thinks: "Yes, it's  gelling colder. lliioss I'll shut the  honliouse door to-night." Hut he  does not recall thai, there tiro several cracks in the walls ,ami around  the window nut! door frames that  he liie'iitil to stop lip some time,  but he hasn't found the convenient  lime yet. Those cracks have been  growing larger. The house is only  four ,en- five years old poihups, nnd  when il was built the joints . were  made light., nnd. Ihu. pernicious drafts  didn't, exist. <;��� Tlie llrst summer's  sun and rains seasoned the boards  and opened up the scums a bit. in  two ul- threo places, but not /scri-  tnislv ' The next, summer's sun and  rains added to llie seasoning, and in  one; or two iiistniic.i;srju, bil.tif light  could be seen through, a c\rac:l_. And  so it has gone on until novv there  are several* ileciileel leaks in .the  walls "whore tlie winter winds whistle through niid'innkc piercing -drafts'  in the lien, even though window and  door be .lightly closed.  Drafts of air and'dampness'��� - arc  tilt; cause of inost of the folds,'the;  dread precursor of roup, 'nnd' if/ we  will but close up thos-; .cracks so  lhat' curi-oiils. of nir- tin; -provonted  vve have gone fiilly half wny in hctul-  ing .'oil that most troublesome and  costly ailment. And prevention- is  so much easier and sini  cure.' Any one who lias wearily battled through a siegt; of. roup will  say. "allien" to that.  :  And it ls. so easy. too. to stop un  the cracks. Willi a'few con is' -worth  of roofing'material-and a hammer  (tho nails tintl lilt, be.-uls conic., with  it) a man can 'cfasc in the walls of  the house, untl ci'lTectnnllv shut out  the ..winter-blasts. F.ilher of those  roofing, materials pi'ol ci'ly put, ��� on  makes a poultry, houso..'or barn or  any outbuilding,bt:lli wind nnd water 'tight, .-und l.horc.-iflor Hie vont.ibi-  tion of th.-ii,'buildiii'.'liy.-.window and ;  door is wholly witiiin conl rql.' With j  tlie cracks stopped up and  drafts prevented ilii; fiuv's can go to  roost, nt night in comfort, and the  owimr, will tint, he l.iliclv- to lit; greeted \vith sni.'i'zes nntl oiln'i- svinpt.oins  '     NEAT FEEDING DEVICE.  Where Ciilv.it Aru Kept Cnnlliwd In Small  Peiik'tlto' I'liin  litre liivmi Is ' .  l'l-.u.lli.iil uml ll-.ful.    /;     /;  The feeding of icalvcs is hover/very  agreeable Work, and especially when  tlie feed pail is virtually; at the mercy of the calf, ns it lias to be more  or less, under ordinary circumstances.  The plan shown in th!> accompanying  cut for watering ami feeding, will bo  found convenient, ospocinlly whero  calves are kept coiilinbd In .11111111  pens.  The two slits cut'in the side of llie  pen  should /   bo just wide enough 10  FKHUKII l-'OK CAI.VKS.  admit the calf's head. The uiiim'al  can then get to cither division of  the feed box, one end of which / is  fitted to recoivo a pail, while tho  other is open to hold grain or hay.  Even for calves that are old enough  to bo tied in stalls, this plan is user  fui. The box-could, in that case,  bo continuous, having divisions, as  shown in front of each stall, witli  similar openings for the youngsters'        heads. Tho  calves could.also  bo  pier than j;-tied to n stanchion behind'the opon-  . jngS>- Another desirable feature of  this plnn is, it admits of leaving a  pail of water constantly beforj. each  calf, which will be niuch-rippi'e.ea'atijil,  as young stock need to drink more  frcc]ucntly / than older animals. ���  Fred. 0. Silby, in Farm niul lloiiio.  THROWING AWAY MONEY.  I'lirtnors VVho   Kills*.-   .Scrub   Cattlo  Do, It  S.vs'tiinnit Iraily.     .-'  None but a rich.- hum can / ulTord  lo  throw. money away,  aiid a    ricli  ......  i���   _     f���-..i. ir 1... ii~.'... i^ '    ti..��.  man is   a    fool if ho eloes it.     Iiut  ,."'_"/ Iniaiiy men who (lire not rich       arc  I virtually; tlirowihg  money away- be-.  ! cause\tliey,'- neglect opportunities, to  I iiiako it.   . Not all; men caii seo great  opportunities'..for /profit in 'business;  _  .,     ,      1  1 -,i       1       1.     ���.,       ' sucliihen are. cbinparati veiy      rtive.  of. the dreailed mltls whenhe   opens (       n    - a Kl/slloi,ld iseoop-  lhe tloor,,,, tli,. ,,,0 ��� m, . ���.LportiinlUos-'iiB are opento - all, Im-  .Shut-tnir e-IT Uie dii.'.-t drafts pavs^-'- -e...    f  in another .way���imir-lv. .111 .ogg nro- .' '        .���   ��� ,       ,, ,'���,���, ;  rn;.,  cl.iction-i.,ul - islo  1..; ,-e.ec.n������.;ncIi;d   these iree-foi-all opporUinittes. I here  for that; 1'onsmi a'so..'.Warnith is a'.-j ,  factor in the protltic-l-ion of eggs, nnd : ocs  the shut ting ei.it of .Hit; chill lilnsts  is ..tlici. first .sicii-townrd securing thiit  tlesirod -Wiii-iiilh. . 'Absence,/of cold  is' wiii-inflv.���A. IF. 1 luul w in ' Ilelia-  ble/rouUrv-Joiirnnl.       '..-"���      '':      ���'/"'���  IRRIGATING CLAY SOIL.  A i'roblt-ni l.lntt Ih l'lirzllns: Slimy l-'arm  :"*/'/:"*":.'../.:>oit>iitihtu". ��� ���" -' .  / The problems  that -confront     tho  irrigator  in  the  humid, states  cliller  from the problems that confront tho'  irrigutor in    the arid states.   : The  farmer in the arid states  must depend on irrigation water ulono    'or.,  his crops, and he can sit down and  figure but how much water he needs  and when best to apply it.    '    Uiit  the inuii in'tho. state where rains are  abundant,,  or ' oven  frcepietit,   must  liguro also on the possibility of getting too much Water. /   There is also  tlio tiuestion of soil to be taken into  consideration,  for,  on  whether    tho  soil be sanely or cluycr will    depend  tho whole result in some cases. Thus,  if the land  be sandy,  a surplus^   of  water will do no harm, even if hcuvy  rains como just after irrigating.' But  if tho land be a heavy clay and /.receive copious  ruins after irrigation;  tho results are likely to bo     disastrous.   . Such is, illustrated by / the  experiencq at the Wisconsin Agricultural College. *   A potato   field was.  placed under irrigation tests,     part  being irrigated and part. not.    rAs it  happened one' section  of tho; :fieid /  vvas composed of sandy soil and tho  other of heavy clny soil.   /It/was-Ir-*?2  rigated twice, iind the lust irrigation /  vvris followed by heavy rains. ./Mark "  the result.      On  tho sandy portion ;,  tho increase of yield of potatoes due /  to irrigation was at the rate of 81  bushels ��� per acre.        On the' heavy  clay portion tho decrease     of"   tho  yield  of potatoes  duo to  irrigation /  was at tho rate of 56 bushels    per  acre.     It  is  believed  thiit had.    it  not boon for the rains coming after  the second  irrigation the yield     on  the irrigated clayey portion*   /would  have shown a large/increase over the.  ! unirrigiUcd portion.     It will    thus  bo seen that the problem of iri-igat- 7  ing clay soils is- much greater than '  the 7 problem    of    irrigating   sandy.-'';  soils.���Farmers' Review.  /     .WARM HOUSE FOR HOGS.    7      7  A Straw-Otto That Hns Many Advuiitneei -  ,    .        -to Ilocouiiueiitr it. / ./../,  Straw may. be put to many vises,  and-shelter and feed may-:be partly ,';  combined,.    vvhero used for .    cattle.;/.  Fine ciuartcrs.may;'   be made/ /.for,/  hogs, but-runavvays/should,be"-pro- /  viclod for light and exercise. , As a  'warm host .for a cold Winter night's  7|/..,/:/7  ;v /CATTLE' FENCE OPENING. .,/7--/'  A i'tirson  Cun / st.'i,   't lir . ujxli It, Ken.dily,  .0 -    llnt.C'iittlt' tun!  liol'srs l.'iiiinot.   -  A gato in a ptistui-i;' fence is often  a sburcL'/of nincli liotiiei';.. A pci'-  maiient passageway lliroiigh /such a  fence is shown in t.iie ciit.y-A 7|ier-  soii can sti;|. through il readily,, and/  CIPEXING IX  A KKXCK.  it is always o]iun,. but cattle  not .pass,  and,  uiilike a. onto,  cannot   force   it  opdni      Such  opening in a fence, enn- he liiatle in a  few -minutes.���Orange  Judd  Farmer.  enn-  the.v  tin  II  Curo nf tilt-  ill-unit >u\f.  After pigs nro bom the iitler in  ..lie sty should not be changed for  several clays unless the. sow is of a  veiv placid disposition, snys a New  York farmer In/.Vevv Knglund Homestead. Cleaning should he a daily  occurrence later.��� ���' liittle pigs: -will  not thrive if tho; straw becomes wet  and foul, und the first.signs of ill  effect are ���generally 'nbticeablc in a  husky'cold, ;which frccpiently develops into ti'-fatal, pulmonary attack.  /;��� .Stick to Ono Iti-t'tfii, ���/  If farmers, would  take one.    {*ood  brccld of fowls- and carefully study  their . characteristics,- they would/  /make'moro profit than if they-kept  trying to orgintite soiiic:iii;vv-.lii;i;cd.  /I^'Sounds, .well, to. hear' yotirself .spo-  ���keh'.of 'tis"tliij origiiiii'tprlbf.stpiio.\ieivv  "jftid*- valhablc   Ijrcccl,. biit very' fovy  ov'oi'.'.succeed in stnrtine; it, vuriotyiof  fowls -that ever amounts to "liliy-  thihg.. .' '       .���.���.,.'��� .-7.  m  . IIo^K anil Tholr Ways.  /When your grain goes  into / pork,  three-fourths of ��� it-'.'.remains-on the  farm.  The  pig is an eiicourtigoi-      of  soil fertility.,.  .There art: two kinds of/pigs. One  hevei- sejuoals and; the other" always  squeals; You want' neillierof them  You will find either unprofitable.  ; Becauso hogs arc hogs" never inako  the; mistake! of supposing tlieir pens  never need 'cleaning.''Give plenty of  clean straw for -budding.  Somo farmers''liave the; idea that  the,fattening hog must.be confined in  *a~sinall-petir==l\ot~iiecos-iiii'ily'^^'==:it  will do bolter if given a chance to  exercise.        : i "   . 1;  Tile-pumpkin'.is- a bog food par excellence, but, especially so us 11 relish. It, is 'wasteful to throw, a load  of pumpkins into a-'dirty hog pen or  'yard. Bolter cut th'iin up and feed  them a few al 11 time. Give seeds  and all. ���'������''  I.iultl. In I'mtllr.v HniiHtm.  .'.'According to iny observation, most  poultry houses have tho many windows, or'rather'.too much window  ���spiico. Big 'windows ttro not advisable. '''_\ly', own'practice litis been' to  hnve one .window "of two sashes each  containing niiie-L.y-l.eii glass. This  is the right, size of windows.' for  'houses teii:by ten feel sciuare. 'More  glass is unnecessary tintl makes' tbo  house very cold in winter. Each  sash should'be covered wllh , .wiro  soroen to prevent the fowls lroni  breaking tlio' glass. ,All-the' windows should bo, :l 8 inches above tbo  floor of the poultry house. - This  gives the; fowls abundant, light ... for  working-in-t|ie lit. I ci* tin tlie Iloor. ���  P. 11/ jMiiugei', in I''at'iiii;rs' Review.   :  //.   Oitoilt Arising  |-rt,iti',Aliitiiii-e.  Wlien odors 'arise from the manure,  gaseous��� ammonia is' escaping; -//This  should not bo allowed.*Sprinkling the  llooi's.and guUers .w.i.th.dried - muck,  .road /.{lust, /,plaster or- supcr-piios-  jihato, will/heip, absorb the liejui'ds'  riindvarrcst'!'aijd"lioiil; the gases. II'the;  ih'-i.iiuroi.'-must*-'l)0'" piled,����� frequent  sprinklings; over,vHiiijtop;;with! /somo  of those inateriuls will arrest' atmospheric losses./';.   / -;'-.,.  is not it man in lliis '.country/, vylio  hot have an 'opportunity' /to  .improve, his stocky and ,vvho ,--������: elr.es  hot have ./the'/-incentive/'before; ilim.  ' every time lie sells nn aiiimtil'./;. Vet  I'tliousaiicls -will continue, to . ,'throw.'  I money away by breetliiig S50 liorses.;.  threo-cent steers.;or .something oijtial-  ly" as bad. 'Pure-bi-eel; stock. ./ is not.  a l-ai-c'thing, that;/l-otiiiires/'a; 'Vast  ;,nmoiiiit of money. * Clood lilood caii  be had by. any '-man who really wants  it. ITo can ������.secure tlio .'service of a  .good sire,/ ho; caii club with ;...'others  and buy one,/or he can soli a,, part;  of what he has and get aii.improver  if lie ."only..! wnn Is to "do' it. . Tiiero  are sales where stock is. to* lie bad  at reasonable prices.' there/are -brood-,  ers" 111.-.'almost every.-, country. and.  there.'- art; -opportuiiilies for all hieii  who heed better stool;. 7 Let."them  open theii- eyes anil see/how much;  tliey. lire thn.wing, awny 1-^-Na.lional'  Stockman.,        :.!;.;'//    ;:  l-'iii-liit: Vonni; l'lt:��:; .  7/ The yciung pigs, that ctinlie /forced  to UOO.. pounds ./in/six to. -seven  months 'are ,,/t.he ' nibst./pi-oli tiililu;  things i'tiisecl tin the' fiirm.':/.!-��� If; vvisti  foresight' nntl. atteiiliein/ai'o :/ -giv(.u  to them, this is! not too ''much o'".��a  grovyili to expect; but,, like i.'eyory-.  thing else, the work must be.: /performed ���.���������'after sonic good, practical  and well tested system. ���.-.From''" the  day" they, ai-e born, until,/Ihey iirt;  ready to market see that, the gi'tivvth  is;'continual'-' and -.steady. It is .iv.  good ���'.'/plan 7'to have/soine ai-range-  nioiit lo 'weigh','tliem'every' few/weeks  or months. When Ihey reach ina-,  tui-ity. "nnd show"; increasing 7 signs  of iagging.in llesh making, send them  to market. Do not. keep them //iin-.  other; week unless prices'.'happen to  ,bo verv low.://.'  . ' I'-ci'tllti'; Valuo of Appl'"*.  The experience 'of careful ftit-niers  Miiilicates^tliaWapples^ai'e^vvorth:  more for feeding than'tlie usual cider.  mill1'price,':'snys Farm and lTonuv A  Massacluisetts dairyman who has a  lot of/low-grade apples begun cm a  largedld cow, which was nearly dry,  feeding her in connection with'.: her.  summer...' pasture exclusively t,wo:  .(Harts''of hard Greenings aiid Bald-  Wins at night and tlie samo qiinnliiy  in the iiioriiing, gradually increasing;  until nt' the ' cud of the week she  was eating about one bushel per  day." .Her milk increased from ; four:  to six quarts per day.���-,' Where I horo  are short pastures and tho necessity  of giving cows, some extra food,'in-',  ferlorgrade apples may be turned to  prolltublo account. .. .        /.^ !    ,/.,,.���  Noteit l-'rom tlieKarin'Journal,  Cranberries will bring a 'hotter,  price, than usual on account of the  scarcity .of oilier fi��^'.t..v,'..'?.:. /.,/.//  There,is .'always a deniniid for pure  cider vinegar that cannot be supplied. -;���-���'   '   '������   '-������'������'��� '/ "    -.*���   -/'   -     >'���'���������    ���'������  For, the tabic tho llosh and eggs o't  game fowls are of. tliu highest   eiual-  ity-'7'.:-'7!::--!'-"'"'7,'7-    ������'���.::'���':���  Oho quart of grain food per day for  ten' hens, is.cejiisiclorecl. liberal, ,feeding; ���- ;>X,l-xlyyy ' .-, ,"������./:���,i*7 '.;...���.'"���'.,. .7  Arrange paddocks on tho sunny  side of the' barn for the colls to run  in during-pleasant vviriter.days.  /  Shvo/evory, bit of.manui'e.. ���-,.;    ... ,  *  '' ���', , Value 'of .SlablflJlltinKetg.*' ,J  Stable blankets save oats and keep _  thehbrses' coats'smooth; -. They aid;  also ,. as ..idseful brfftho/cows. '.Bran,  sacks/may be doubled ��� and'i used for  this/purpose. ���'.-' ;'   : ,-. .-'���' -.'-'���! /' ,'���',  ':')}  '/��� ���/      /'.'.'. STIS'AW STACK ,I!0GII0USE./-./.  sleep^'the straw hoi?^house shown,is  OK. Build/a shed ;30/bi-/60 I: feet  long; about five feet high//.'and /six  feet .wide./;/'Tt;,can.bo -made, of, poles  or// 7 o ther - sti-ong /. liniic'rial, : -, Posts  ,sli6uld,7'bp..'.'ns'.:cl6'sc/','as,;.:bight7'.--.':',-feet  ���.opart, so: as to"'; support;, the/.weight ,  of the straw/ /,. Board up .tlio.front; /Si  'which should face, the south. -/ and  leave nn opening iii tlie 'middle largo  enough for hogs/to; pass/through" ;/  also/a space along the top! for.light ���  aiid ventilatiph i:"about fivq", inches/ iij  'wide! I-- /l'heii' cover the/top /so -'.tho/jfJ  'straw-:.'will /not fall /through _;., while Xm  stnekihg-it/on. ;/-Letive /the ../north: ra  side, or back of the shed open tihtil ���'  the straw is put 6n.7and/build  side up.'"'1 with- sii'aw. '."Start;  that  ,/tho/  ..'/.:���_- lyi'F.mou o./sTiiAVvjieiciiioiin.::/;-./  stuck 12 or 15 febtwide, just back,  of shed; nndbuiicl straight up until  it is level with the.top of/shed. Tho  ends sliouIil.be brought up in thesajne  .way if one has plenty"of straw.'���' Then-  cover all vvith straw; and finish ias  though the stack Had been - '"-started,  all on thcyir'ound. ; The hogs rubbing agtiinst. this. qta'ck'Ayill' soonin-  _gi/gasii^:_thcdi-^ giiai-tcrs and furnish  them vvitlrpienl^tTof~iJe<ldiiig.;^)t=li7:  Stephenson, in Farm and  Homo.   7..  ���/ ''- 'nit* ItcHt. l-.izx* for Hiiteliini;. :  : The grower of poultry that has beenjij  successful iii, his .matings.,:/and/ liasVj  been rewarded with some good cliicilis/1  is doing a feJolish act iii disposing,(i  of Hie hens, thiitluid the eggs*> that/4  produced , theiii, says: F. ,V..., Chap-jljl  man iii Prairie Fiirmcr. Do/not/bov"  in a hurry to sell these lions, for, vin-'L  less: thoy. nro too o 1 d,: you may liopo fi  in coiifidenco for a Repetition of goqdjll  chicks/jiext year. .:ii.l, prefer n heny.l  at least,two years .old.,for tlie tiroed-yfl  ing, Pen" and have"excellent'"rosultsvfl  from somo at five years of age. Ex-rl  porienco] has, ,taught 1110 to,' lielievu}t'|  that chicks produced from tvyo to'-^  three year old hens nro more' linrdyjljj  and-vigorous than those from youiig-'fl  erones.: Save,the pullets, of course,,;'  bill  lag  biit do not uso their eggs, for hatch4''JJ(  -...Mtikliii: Jlillt Producers.  ,-. Tlio lieil'in- with her iirst.calf ,shoulc\J,  bo; kept iii/mill! for tit least     twolvojl  intinih's.     ' Antt lliat/this 'nitty bo soil1  'there''���'should'.:- bo /at '������- least fourteen-  iiionlhs between the first and tho sec-L  ond cult, and it' 'will bo better if .shr  is  -not    dry at all.    says Ainbricai  'Cultivator. Such' treatment/!.is \yha.,^,  miilces tho" continuousiinilkors,,soiiii];VI  of.   which -7.hp.yo not been ^diy. for/. tl  day. for. five or /six-'years at a 'timo  It is''uhder'; sucii'7treatinent;-cohibiiicj  w It li 1 iberiil * feed /and good/care, tha  cows.-haye.jived andjpi'byed./.prolit-  ablo milkfpi-oducors until over Iw7n  'ty'/years"old.;*-/;;/.;./ :"77;7' 77-7 7; THE INDEPENDENT  VAXCOUYEII, B. C.  Ill* SnufT .Spoon,  Scr.'o old smill takers still employ a  Bmnll horu spoon to convey the pungent  ��� particles to their nostrils. At a banquet  ip'ISelinbiirgh not i:iun.v years ago the attention of the chaiiiuiin was drawn to a  gentleman of the ancient school who had  a rt'iii.iikiihle siiulflmx with one of tlicun  Epoons, The box wus handed round ami  uiuch" ntluiiretl, and-several members of  the company put the spoon to its primitive use with a pleasant sense of keeping  up oltl customs. I'losontl.v the owner  challenged tliem to guess what tlio spoon  wus initde of. Vainly they tried lish and  fowl, the tusk of the elephant, the horu  of the mountain front anil wero not a little startled, when' the oh| gentleman told  thi-ui. witli a plrusuit smile, that tlio  spoon wits mnde litini the wristbnno of a  notorious murderer who hnd been hanged  Olioill forty years hefiue.  The Forninlltle-H.  "���What would you .sny, my .littlo mnn,  if I were in give ytiu a piece of candy'/"  The .-mall hoy straightened his spectacles witli his thumb and fuieliiiger and  le'plii'tl: i  "I am compelled to remind, you, sir,.  that the 'postprnudinl oration caunot  properly piecedo the repast."���Washing-  'on Star.  INDS  AND-  WeAther  cause theCoMs that cause  Pneumonia and Consumption, ..,,..,.  7s  MINARD'S LINIMENT fir Sals Everywhere.  E\ei-y day in thy lifo is a leaf jn  thy history.���Arabic proverb.  Core. ,  cures the cold, heals the  lungs and makes you v/ell.  S ii IL 0 H cures Consumption  and all Lung and Throat  -��� Troubles; and Coughs and  Colds in a day. Positively  guaranteed,   25cents.   .   .  V/rite to S. C. Wcus & Co.," Toronto,  Can., for a free trial boltle.  Karl's Clover Root Tea Ceres Headache  TAKE NOTICE.  testi-  iatcr-  ���We  publish  simple,  straight  moninls. ' not   press    agent's  views, from well known people.  From all over America they testify  to tlie merits of MINAHD'S LINIMENT, the best of Household Iteme-  dies. i-  a a iticirAitDS & Co.c  When you grind your corn, Rive  not tho flour to tho. dovil and the  bran to God.���Italian pi-o'vcrb.  Tho sporting editor says that in  baseball as in cookory the best batter takes the' cake.  So give today that thou shnlt be  , able to give tomorrow.���Danish proverb. '  Mrs. Colosto Coon, Syracuse, N Y.. writos:  Lor yours, I could uot out ninny Iciiidi of ftiod  without prodiicini; a burning, oxcrutialini,- ii,tin  In my stomach.  1 look Fiirmoloo'saccorclinK to  MINARD'S UH1MEMT JMfeFB Neuralgia.  What's done cannot bo undone tip-  plies to other things than a hard-  ..oiletl egg.  ,   How's This?   *  We offar Ono Ilnndrcd Dollars Eownrrt 'or  nn.; easi 11 Cnttirr.t Uu, c.ianot Ls cured by  Hall's Cntivrrli Cure.  _,   VflJ. UlIliN RI" & CO., Vsoii., Toledo, 0.  WO, tho undeis!',��20.l hnvo Ltiovwi F J.  Chtnioy for tliu List 15 your*, nntl helioro hint  pori'ec.ly honorttb c in ull business transactions,  and financial iv utile to carry oui, any obligutin--.  mndo by thcir .'Inn.  Wksx itTiiL-.vi, Wholcsalo DrngsMs, Toledo,  O. W_l..DiNo, Kixhax. iSiiUEViA-, Wlioloinlo  Umfriii.sts, Toledo, O  Hull's Catarrh Cure is takon Intornnllv, acting direct ly upon llvi blood nud _cr.eotis surfaces  of tlio system. Trico 730. per hoitlo. Bold by  nil tlri.ffff'st-.  Test itnonials f������ot..  Hull's family I'llls arc tho bc_i.  . Tho fact that a fool is funny does  not indicate that he is possessed of  wit.  TO WEAR WOMEN  EVERIWIMIi.  MKS    ; MAXWELL " TELIS     HOW  MUCH I'AIN AND SUFFEUIXG  MAY LE HEMEDlEl).  Very Interesting Statem-.-it by an  Elora Lady���She Has l'oun.l a  Panacea for all Female Weakness and Wants Every Woman in  Canada to Know of it.  Elora, Out., Jan. l.'S.���(_Sj.-?t;iiil* ���  Mrs. Maxwell of this place bits vvnt-  [ten for publication a very suong Jotter in which she claims that Dodd's  Kidney Pills have, cured her of Female Weakness after she hail ti-.otl nlmost everything else.   '  This good lady, according to her'  statement, suffered for a long tune  with kidney trouble, enduring the  gicutest pain, with a dizziness ami  headaches that made her very 111.  She was passing through what is always a critical period in every woman's life, and her troubles were  considerably increased by this. Indeed, her life was for a time in great  danger. ���        ,  She says she used Dodd's Kidney  Pills with the most remarkable results, being almost instantly relieved nnd in a very short time ' completely restored to good health.  She is very grateful, and in hor letter sho says : "I cannot find words  fo express my gratitude to Go'd fc.r  my marvellous cure. Dodd's Kidnoy  Pills tj.ro the greatest medicine in the  worltl, especially for those of my  ngo.  T t-oiiltl scarcely move hand or  foot 1 was so dizzy, and voilt'iit  paint would shoot through my whole  system, but. now, thanks to Dodd's  Kidney Pills I feel woll .and smart."  This case and its euro has created  finite a sensation and.Mrs. Maxwell's  full and frank statement of the mat-  10t* has been the subject of a great  deal  of comment.  Dodd's Kidney Pills seem to be an  inlalliblo cure for Diseases of Women  as well as for Rheumatism. Diahet-'s.  Bi'ight's Disease and all Kidney disorders. -  A Des no rate Chance,  A Russian exile relates how he once  saved himself hy ., desperate artifice.  A police olileial searched his house for  compromising papers. * There vvas in  his possession a document the discovery of which meant serious danger to  himsolf ami his friends.  Wherever ],e milflll ,li(lc> )t_ )t seen]e[l  certain that it would be found. lie  coolly handed th0. document to the  ofilclnl. who scarcely glanced nt It and  handed It back.  After the most careful search the official. Ids nose lihiekt'iieil with soot and  Ids hair dce'eir.itiMl with feathers, for  he had even examined the stovepipes  and the bedding, departed empty .landed.  How llu. Section* Sny It.  The woman finin New England buys  a "tnlili. spread." while her .sister from  the smith buys a "ttililce'loth." The woman from Nova Scotia orders the servant to '-lay tin. i,-il,lt.." while with most  of us mi tires of the Unlied States the  command Is to "set the table:" In the  country the hostess says to her guests.  "Sit by." when It is idnc> to i'ii!; In  town It Is "I'le.-is,. sit down." in (h,.  cily among swells there is no further  Invitation than Hie announcement of  the servnnt that "dinner is served."���  Mobile (Ahi.) Register.  It's Really Remarkable  "hovvlittlosomoiiooiilo know about tho tona mini,  ltyofapiuno, and yot it is tone quality and tfura-  - billty of samo that muko piano vulue.  In tlio  WILLIAMS  upright yon net nqnulity and volume cf tono thnt  ctro not dupUcutt-il oUiwhoro except in tho concort  grnud.  Tho cost need not worry you.  Wo muko terms to suit.  Wo hniidlt) till ntnki-s tif nrunns n"d nsnnlly linvo  an iii'iiTtif/.-oodorsuiisinidiiitino-i, slightly u.-od.  lor ctio chti.ip.  Forrester & Hatcher,  Y. M. C. A. BLOCK, WINNIPEG.  nr /iripiiiK, and should ho used who'. a cathartic  13 required.  Il shows an abiding faith in mankind wlien someone advertises for a.  lost umbrella.  SOZODONT for theTEETH 25c  If everyone knows that you ate a  chronic kicker it is iiot wise lo complain nbout having .stubbed your loo.  Miiiaif s Liiiirat Cures Boras, Etc.  You can take a la/.y man to task,  but you cannot make him work.  COHABITS LINIMENT Cares Dandruff.  A man has lo be a financier fo  palm oil a hard luck story as collateral for a loan.  short mm  TO  AIL POINTS  VESTIBULE TRAiKS  Through dining' and sleeping   cars  A SimCER r_T_L-Many porsons suffer ox-  i-rttti iluur ncony, utter liurtuking of a hearty  dinner. Tho food partntou of isllkoabidl of  0.11I upon tlio .stomach, nnd ittstottd of boin_r a  licillliynutriment it becomod n poUou lofcho  ijstoin, Dr. rnrmoloo'u Vegotnblo Pills tiro  tvonelorful enrroctivos of such trouble.-. Thoy  i'orroct ticitlity, open tocrttions and convort tho  fi.otlpnrt.ikcnof lntohctiltliy imtrimoiit. They  iirojii-ttlioinodicino lotuko if troubled with  iutlt��o_tiou ordyspopsia.  CEMS FROM THE POEl'S.  _      i  To mon  ricssrd by their wants nil ..h.inge is  over  welcome ���luiisor..  ������������  Oh,  what a world,, of bea-Hy I'adcs  away ,  Willi tlie wing'd hours of youth  ��� Il.lWi'S  As custom arbitrates, wliose shifting  svv.iy  Our   life   and   manners must   alike  obey. ���Lord Byron.  ���*���������  Life is not the livinu., merely,  'liil the spectre points the gr.no;  But the fostering sincerely,  / Of the talent nature gave.      ,  ���Aubrey JLanslon  OEMS FROM TTTE TOETS.  A great nntl  f.ital    weight    mi   dim  cloth lie,  Tho greatness of his own nobility  --Seiieca.  ���*��^-  Sorcei thcic be that shadows kiss,  Sti-'.i have but a shadow's bliss  ���Sha!:os|iot\ie.  ���.*���  A Mm! without reflection, like .a pile  Without inhabitants, to ruin nnis.  ,  ��� Young.  Tliett- is no  vice so simple but.   assumes  Som-' mark of virtue on its outward  parts.  -Sh.ikes;.e.iiii.  Creole*.  Originally a Creole vvas a child horn  In this country nf I'l-eneh or Spanish  parents, tlie word coming from-tin.  Spanish cieare, to create. At presi'iit  the word Is restricted In use to those  of Spanish and French descent, who unborn In the states that were French  ami Spanish colonies, especially Louisiana.  Tbe Olher  Way.  Teacher���1 would like some one ln  the ciass to define the meaning of vice  versa.  Bright Boy-It's slopping with your  feet toward the head of the bed.  -fiHLasu  cf xj  t  Page Metal Ornamental Fence. iS^Ttot^-  fs^-m?MttVn^flOTT'!n-\.*H_I?,|slnSly cheap. .IJis Just whs:  yn?tbDtodrcl?3rr<S��0fctoT.uril'^Mcncesm ton lots, Bravo  rVfllll^A/l ai����,l        ____.__._ _-! _. m  Th�� Page Wiro Fence Co., Limited, IValkerdlto, Ont.  ROSS & ItOSij, General Agviits, Boy C;;;.| AVinnipeg,  There are men who can take one  gltu.s and stop���providt'd you treat  first.    '  With closo'conncction for^Chicago  and  all points' in  Ontario. Quebec, Maritime Provinces  Eastern and Vestern States'  and  Pacific Coast-   *  Por Further    jniormation   apply to"  any Canadian Northern Agent  Winnipeg: City Ticket, Teiefe-rnph nnd Froighl  - onico, ��l Main St.��� QiQ���- HrSHAW,-*   Tel. Sit. TrnlUsManaeor'  jlllowoy & Cliaipioii  ' ; BANKERS AND BROKERS  WIKMPEG.  Writo to us for prices of SiJRlP,  ' Got our list, of Lands. ''  "* Stocks and * Bond3 Bought and'* Sold.  Wo can furui'-h tho exact am-sunt of  Scrip for any payment on Dominion  L-juds,���Do not pay casn.   'AR,  10.13  10.13  1.00  1S.S0  ILK"  22.VC  CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY  TIMETABLE"       ,  Snult Sto. Jlnrio, Ovvou Sound,' Toronto nnd 1'iistvin Lilies, Mou-  dny, Tliursduy nnd Sttturdny   Tiioi,, Fri., nnd Kim   ���  bonlronl, Torontti. New Vork and  n 11i'l*t�� viu ull mil, tltiily.        IfutrortuRo uud intormceluto points  daily       ,,,  Uolson, Lno du Hounotand iutorino-  ditito points, Tliurs, only   PorttiBO hi rrtiirio,Uriniclon,Cnlg.irv,  NiiliOQ nnd till Knotonuy and  nil const points, daily.... .  PorttiBO hi l'niirie, Hriiiidou und in-  torincelinto points daily except  butidiiy *  OltitUtnuo, Neupawti, Jlinuedosi'i'niid  hitorinodluto points, dally except  Shottl Lnko.'ior ii on 'nn'tV iutertt'ot'l".  ���    n"10 "Si'i*3' Uou.. Wed., untl iri.  1iios., Thurs., and Sut.   EapjdC;ty,'Hti���iiotn,-Jlhiiottt,Tues.  W, J-Jiur. untl Knt  .  Mon...\Vcd.. unci Fri   ilortlon, Dolorumo nnd Intcnuotlinlo  IK.tnts dinly uxcupt Sutidny   *!&���"!"ii"'" "'��� intorn-etlittto  Firuitdou'lUyoxco��,t s,lutl'-i' via  Tiion.- Tliur.'ju'ndSnV.".''";:'.'':":  QlonlKiro, bointg nr.d intormediato  points, chilly oxcopt KundniT...;  Pipthtoiio. Hc��lon, Aicola otidiatcV,  iitocliiile points, Hon., Wed., und  '   nl '��� v,a "r.intlon   J iu.;s:.riuir ,nnd Sut. vin 1'rundoii  Frobjbhtro, Jlirscli, I_iotili.it: -Esto  \iiu.Tue3���T_iur3.,Siit., vin brand  Tue?;' Tjt'ti'rV S,'iV." Vin Brandon..  Woit bolkirk, Mou., Wott. nud Fri.  ���   Tu��,,Thun,. und Sut "'  Wonownll. Tuulo.i, Tuoi., Tlmr., Sat.  Bmorsou, _ili_n.. X\'ed.. nnd Vn ..'.  anv ujoa'aiitj; '  LV  10.00  10.00  6.00  7.S0  10.30  7.S0  7.S0  7.S0  T.80  8.20  7.J0  0.00  I.SO  $12 00 A WEEK ;        Somo to travel, oth.  BONA FIDE SALARY    K��fntaOCp'oSotio;  yir~T~~~~~" ' iindincroaso of faai  nry. Ideal employment, now brilliant linbe;  best plans; old established House.  ilradlcu-Garrclem Co., __M., llrantford. Out  Sa^Itip: Hlu Fncc.  She���Mr. .lones. look nt Hint impudent  mini on tlie other side of the street. IIo  hns been following us for the Inst tea  minutes. ,  Jones���Why didn't you tell nie before?  I'll tench thnt impudent puppy a lesson.  Walking lioltlly ncioss the stieet. Jones  said to the inuii:  "Look here, Snip, I am very sorry I've  not got tlie money lo pay you for that  Inst suit, hut you ought not to follow- ine  up and dun me when I'm trying to enp-  tnre the girl. She has pot lots of ensh.  nntl if 1 succeed you will not only get  your money, hut nl��o un order for a wedding outlit."  Snip goes off satisfied. ,  Returning to the youug lady, Jones  said:  "I nm Klml you cnlled my nttention to  thnt cou.irilly scountliel. 1 don't think  he will ever stare at you ngnin. I hnd  gieat dillieulty in restraining myself."  :.t��  11,10  18,50  12.30  7.:o li  :.3C  ij.lt  22.V  I3.K  ��.&"  13.-1  10.N  ISA  li  ' fieu Kupfc  tl. Pi. Mcraf.RSONr  Unit l'nia irt  Old Nrimeii In London,      *  If London street names are not always what they seem, tlie names of the  great parishes usually are.' Tal.c Lambeth, for Instance.   That vast district  has retained Its name practically unaltered" since the days ot Edward the  Confessor, who grauted a charter iu  which It Is styled LambeliiUi.    Somo  Illiterate scribe, wbo helpoil In the making of "Domesday," did, Indeed, make  au effort to obliterate its real name by  calling It Lanchcl, but his efforts wore,  fortunately. In vain.    William Rufus  In another charter namcd.it Lambeth,  since 'when it has kept Its title unsullied. ��� '       ' ���       ,'       .,   c, ;.  In  the old  days Lambohlth  (from  .Lithe, a haven) was the great river port  vvheuce agricultural produce was ferried across the Thames to the moro  populous country opposite.   There are  still many "lilthes" left.us, such as  Queenhlthe and Itbtherhlthe, and, al-  tliough  tlielr original functions  have  gone, there still remains a shadow to  remind us of their departed glory.���  London Chronicle.  Mere Opinion.  "Faint licut never won fair lndy," but  It undoubtedly has often saved itself a  lot of double.  Theie aie only two classes of peoplo  In this vv orld���the em ied and the envious.  When"iriii��u-iiihi'rlls-;rgront-tmriTerhT  seldom adds anything; to it.  The woild is full of people who would  do wonderful things if ihey could only  get staitt'd.  Some people are so lucky that if tliey  fell into the sewer they would come up  with their hands full of pearls.  Nothing succt'i'ils like success except  the smile or u pretty woman.���Chicago  Itecord-IIertild.  TEETHING BABIES.  A   Trying  Time  For   Mothers When  I'loat Care anil Watchfulness  is Necessary.  There i.s scarcely any period in  baby's early life i-ce|iiiring greater  watchfulness on the part of 'the  mother than when baby is teething.  Almost invariably the little one suffers iiiuch pain, is cross, restless dtty  ind night, requiring so much enr'e  thai the mother is worn out looking  after it. JJut there are other real I  dangers fretiuently accompanying this  [loiiotl that tlueatcns baby's lifo it-  Mdi. Among these are eliari-lioea.in-  digcMi'on. colic, constipation' and  convulsions. Tho prudent mother  will anticipate and prevent these  troubles by keeping baby's stomach  tiii'l bowels in a nutural and healthy  condition by the use of Jlaby's Own  Tablets, a medicine readily taken by  all chilclien and which, dissolved in  water, may be given with perfect  salely to even a new-born infant. In  every home where these tablets are  used baby is bright and healthy and  the mother has real comfort with it,  niul does not hesitate to tell her  neighbors airs.     C.   ,1      Mclunoy,  Bint-Kville, says : "1 have been giving iny fifteen-months' old baby  Baby's Own Tablets whenever necessary, for some months past. She  was I coining and was cross and ,est-  less lier gums were hard and inflamed. After using the tablets she  grew epiiet, the inflammation of tho  gums was reduced and her teeth did  not seem to bother her any more. An  iiiipioveinent in baby's condition was  noticeable almost at once, and 1  think tlicre is no bolter medicine for  teething babies." Baby's Own Tablets can be procured from ai nggists  or will be sent post paid at 2.j cents  a bov by addressing the Dr. Williams Medicine Co.. Brockville, Ont.  \ OUARANTEE*-"! hereby certify  that I have made a careful chemical  anal.vsis of Baby's Own Tablets.-  which I personally purchases in a  drii'_; store in Montreal. My analysis  has proved that tlie Tablets contain  absolutely no opiate or narcotic :  that they can be given with perfect  safety to the youngest infant, that  they are a safe ant eflicient,medicine'  for the troubles they aie indicated  to relieve and cure."  (Signed)  MILTON. If. IIERSEY. M.A.fic.  Provincial  Analyst  for  Quebec  Montreal. Dec. 13, 1001.  CIEMS FROM TIIE POETS.  A day, an hour, of virtuous liberty,  Is worth a whole eternity of bontl-  !       nee- ���Addison.  Oh, what   authority and    show   of  truth  Can cunning sin cover itself withal I  '' ���Shakespeare.  lu prison grafted in a serious tr.iL-t,  Negligence is a crime.  ���Shakespeare.  tue   uoVs   'of  Youi-  words  are liko  dying swans,  Too sweet to last.  ���0.-  There novcr was, nnd never will bo, n  universal,panacea, in ono remedy, for ull ills  to whioh flesh is heir���tlio very nuturo ot  many curatives being such that were tho  germs of other and diilorontly seuted discuses rooted in tho system of tho patient���  what would relievo one ill in turn would aggravate tho other. Wo hnvo, however, in  Quinino Wino, when obtainable in a sound,  unadulterated state, a remedy for many and  grievous ills. By its gradual and judicious  uso tho fruilest systems aro led into convalescence and strength by tho influence which  Quinine oxorts on nature's own .restoratives.  It relieves the drooping spirits of those with  whom; a chronic state of morbid despondency and. lack of interest in life is ia disease,  and, by tranquilizing the nerves, disposes to  sound and refreshing sleen���imparts vigor  to thonctiou of;' tho blood, which, being  stimulated, * courses throughout * the veins,  strengthening tho' healthy animal functions  of the system, thereby making activitya  necessary result, strengthening. the frame,  nnd giving lifo to the. digestive organs, which  naturally 'demand increased substance���re-  _uIt,Jmproved appetite. Northrop&Lyman',  of Toronto havo given to the publio their  superior Quinino Wine at tho usual rate, and,  gauged- by the opinion of scientists, this  w no approaches nearest perfection of any iu  *ho market ���; All drniT'iista soil it. X  An infant'prodigy at. 4 may be a  ool ii'.;4.0^:;.:;:77"r'.';..:A7'.'.f. ..      :'���'���-  SOZOPPNTtOOTH POWDER 25c  Many.  :Ayell\bred";girl';V;dJ'sc6ycrS'  l!nu her first cako is dough.  ���\'-.  Mim   sot    up  the   drinks  drinks upset the men.  and the  Distance of manner does not lend  enchantment to a young man's \ie\\  of a pretty girl.  Tlie unrighteous penny cnirupts  the righteous pound.���German proverb.  Thoro aro cases of consumption,so far ad*,  rnnccd that BickloVi Anti-Consumptive Syrup  will not cure: but nono so bnd thnt it will not  trivo relief. For coughs, colds, and nil affections of the throat; lungs, and cliost, it is a  specific-.whiclrhns novcr beeir known to fail.  It promotes n freo -and ��� easy expectoration,  thereby: removing* tho.phlegmv-aud,gives tho:  cisodbod parts a ehaiico to heal,,  Wall street continues to be the,.  .'oritc winter;..watering place.  ^'  Yo��i ��� can't   convince,   a- dyspeptic  that to lie gooll is to be happy;  Beardless Barley I  Js rrodltiUf- iirollilc, jlefo. I  In* ia JW1 for Jlr. Weill,  prleaci Co., New York, 109  BtiJlieliper acre. Doci well  orcrjff__n.rc.    Tlint pttye.  20th Century Oatsa  The ont laarrel, producing  from HCO to 3H0 biu. |>er ��cru.  Snlzcr's Oats aro warranted to produce great  yleUs. Tiii U.S. Ag.Dipt.  , ca Is tbem tlit Terr beati  'llxat poyn.  Threo Cared Corn.  -'(W lo'-iSOliin.iwrucre, is  eziremelyprolltablu at urea- I  ciit|-ricc*orcoru. Hulzur'a J  ���et'jj prwiuca ct erytrhere.  ,  Marvel Wheat  ;Icl(k>dia 30 States last vear  ot cr JO bin. i^r acre. \\'o alio  JinieihocLlobratedMncca-  rotaWljcitt.-Mifcli *. Icldod  on our f��n*H OJ L.u*. pu- act:  Tiiut pujw.  '   '���       Spoltr  Oroitcat ccrcat food on  earth-tO ba-t. gral.i uud 1  tona magnlllcent ha.y par  acie. Tuntpnys.  Victoria Rape      ^^  tna'tca it j-ossiblo t.> grow J*1?!:  boss, Bhccp mid cattle at a &%Ttt  coatofbutloalb. Marrcl. ��*J  ously proline, does well  trerjTrln.re. Thot paya.  . Bromus Inermla.  -' JJost wondcrftjl graaa of  * the ccatary, yrodacca6tona  1 cf hay aad lots and lots or  -putt-rage besides per acre.  Grows ���; whcrcTer soil Is  found. . Salzcr's seed is  warranted.   That pay*.  : 810.00 for 16c.  i W9 wish yon to tty our  (real farm. a->eds.   hence  clfer toaend 10 farm seed  ���san.pIaB,eoat*ln log Thou mud  Head��dKt*le, Teoalnte, llape.  Alfalfa, Spelta, eto. (roily wont  rlW.OOtogetaatartJiogoiher with  our great catalog, wrlSopestsga.  IhH'A^alzeKSeetfCo^^?^  ..Unless'.a nihin' settles' ..down lie is  seldoiu in a.position to; settle up.  In wiishins woollens oticl flnnnol'i, tho ������oii  sotm nuulo from Lover's Dry Soap va powder),  wilt bo found very sutisfactory. ������:-���  ���Maiiynyouiis; man leaves; tlie farm  because there is ..no place ..like home.  "..Tlio. great trouble-witli fii-st love  s'eems.tb lie.tliat ; it is- seldom tho  last.;.'.,. ���" '���".' "'ii':-'.-.. '���".  'I'oll tho _3eaf.���Mr. .T. 1*. Kellosk, dniBpist,  rort.h�� writos : *'A eustomor oE.mino h.i\iu>;  'been . cured: of deafuoss'��� by tho Uao of l>r.  Thomns' Eclectric Oil, wroto to Ireland, tellms  his friends thero of tho euro. Iu consewicnco 1  received an order to send hnl* a do?ou by es-  pross to Wexford, Irolaud, this week."  "y- Crows ���.devour the eyes of; the dead,  ���when; the dead have .,no longer need  of .them..,'.But-.-'flatterers"'.destroy the  souls of. the, living aiid blind their  eyes.���Epictetus.;. V.   '.'���''."���  : ;���'.  cjnc ounce of Sunlight Soap is worth more than  Two ounces rof. impure soap.  REDUCE*  EXPENSE  ��3jt_for*,tho_0otagon Bar. v If" your '.git'eor.'cannot7'm_pplyi"7writd to  'SSVE3. BEOIKEES,; LIMITED,, Toronto, Bonding liiu. name and addross,  kand   a   trial  B^plo7,pf; Siiiilight Soap   will  bo cent yon -boo of cost.  Good for Bad Teeth  '^oscddr o        ��        a      25c.  8o2x��*Aox��i Tooth Powtfl'tsa*     - 25c.  3_-*wj*e _C,icjtsiri and 'PinrvnAav     . r,   75c.  AUitorsa cr bj mail for thv jJiiiM.   KauipU foi tb/- po3tay1 -y-  &&,  '��*����  The Common, Chord.        ,l ���   f  Jnraca Buekliain, one of our minor  poets, put Into beautiful verse an Incident which occurred during the civil  war. lie calls It "The Common Chord."  The Incident was this: Two great armies, one wearing the blue and one  the gray, were drawn up In preparation for battle. As the evening fell the  bands began to play. "Dixie" by the  southerners was followed by "Yankee  Doodle" by the northerners, and "Ma  ryland. My Maryland," drew out "Ilall  Columbia." "Beautiful Girl of tlio  South"vwas answered by "Just liefore  the Rattle, Mother." Kach side mod;  ed aud jeered the other's music nnd  cheered their"own until the stars came  out and silence fell.  Then, sweet and low, a band far up  the lino began to play "Home, Sweet  Home." Another and another joined  until all the bands on both sides were  playing In unison, and., stronger and  more-beautiful still, the, men ou both  sides wore singing the'words. The  eontmon chord had been struck, and  the thousands of combatants wero nt  mio with the sentiment, "There's uo  place like home."  ':.    ' ' ��� '"-������   .' ���.'���"'' "    "   ��� '  '  (.1  Tif II  THOSE OLD    -  BATTERED   FACES  And let ni snpnly yon with  it clonu cut,modom lot that  w ill brighUm up your pages  nnd plonso your   rondo.-s  and nd\ ortisors,    Writo us  for ostimnto* on anything  :u priDtor's material.   : : :  TORONTO TYPE  FOUNDRY CO'Y  175 HcDormot Ave., Winnipog.  ���  W. K. U. No'. 361. THE INDEPENDENT.  GATtTRiDAY' MARCH S, 3902*  e*  ..$S.SO SHOES  Most dealers would ask more money for our  $2.-30 Shoe, but we are determined to sell the best  for t)ha  money.  Tlhe Ladies' Shoos are made of kid and calf,  some .in mannish shapes with oxtensoln sole.*���  i-iKlit up to the very iliimr in style.  Tlie Ilea's 'Shoes cire inside of Dongola Kid,  V��il Calf, etc. Si'iv styles, all Nixes. Cilve our  J-'.SO Shoes avriul: that's the best test.  ,420-422 Westminster Ave  Knovvdel! & Hodgson  512 Granville St., Vancouver.  Dealers in  Slaves, Itoiigcs, Tinware,  (.raiiitcwarc, Ciitlcrv and  .-(���neral llouscfurnishings  J'rices ri;,'litiCall [and] see for yourselves.  .MAIL OKDEttS reecivcllprompt attention.  GAP IN TRAMS.  ^���^���;i**}K*:*h>*!;4.*K4:-i{*7!;*>K^K  *       ON HIS ROUNDS.       *  ^ " ff  W     By II. Williamson, of The Independent,     ^t  Grand Forks Is the headquarters of  Hie Granny twople; also for the celebrated hot air line, known as t'he  ���Grvuid Fork.-', Kettle I.Ivor and Republic railway, which line is a.bout. completed. 'J'liitf road is one of Uie most  ^jiitcrestjnjT of ynsriijei'i-inj? sohfilU's ever  Hlesiirr*5-1 '**-' 1>l!!Ii'   ^ *V| iiy"4"-' I"'��"  ., * *"* "iii to  rMdent of the line, Jims .taken ae. .  i-oiiinlotely shut out other lines as aiucii  na jiossible. -Apparently there is an un-  nierSUmdins:'between the C. P. tt. and  '-'tliis company, for the building of a  union station is contemplated. The  4line ohecks of Uie men are all C. r.  Jt., Which faut looks as though President Holllaml was also a servant of  that great corporation. Besides this  road another place, the smeller- business, employs men. Short pay and long-  ���hours are the general rule, 'the former  .being '23 cents an hour for V2 hours,  yielding ithe .princely salary of t'i a day.  No kind of human being should be expected to work more than eig'hi (hours  uil this iwoitk. .But still the men live in  Jiope.M tor ibetter days, and no doubt  a. move i\ ill 'be made shortly to improve the .present state' of affairs.  Greenwood sihoukl be a very pi-oml.slng  jilace. I mig-ht add Uiai When 1 arrived at Greenwood after beins at  Phoenix, which'is only four miles distant, t fell as II" 1 were back in Vancouver, there being no snow and plenty  of Chinamen. I will let you know more  albout Greenwood next week, as the  eleotion of oflicers for the Miners'  union  takes place then.  Uoiiertson, Estevau; T. Kdtnmidson,  Vermillion Buy; It- Ferguson, Port  Arthur. On Saturday evening1 a reception was giver, to tlie visiting- trackmen In Mncalbees hall. Mt. A. Hay,  president of the local branch, occupied  the eliair. .Musical selections were rendered by the Misses Jackson and Mrs.  Meaehani, i-ecl'tatioii by J, MoCleliiui.  Speeches weie also delivered !>>" the  visiting delegates, all giving accounts  of the perfect organization In .their respective districts. Tlie union Is now  ill jin excellent position. Mrs. llamule  WoUileij lilipper, nnd tho comTrjlttee in  cl,a.,-gc of ^"Wio-hHMits were: A.  Vlnet. .1. Wall.na... J. tW^- ����� ^m'  sen, .1.   McClellan and  U. 'Osnuld.  Wholt is a small town, whicli place  being a railway junction for Greenwood and Phoenix. Tlie C P. K. has  enlarged its plant here and will shortly  install a few machines.  At Phoenix I met Mr. Iliordon, the  secretary of the Miners' union. Jie is  a first-class fellow and possesses a  fund' of information regarding mining  matters and 'business in gtnerail in  these parts. The way Dhey do things  Un Phoenix Is another object lesson for  Vancouver, as well as other coast  towns to follow. Everything 'here .s  well organized and there are a number of thriving- 'lodges. Not a Chinaman Is located 'hereabouts. The' Phoi-  jifbt Pioneer ���!�� 'the chief iKiper here, and  enjoys a good patronage, whidh it well  "deserves: liusiness~ls_a��� llttle_sl.'ick~at  present, 'but lt lis expected 't'hat another  mine or two will 'lie opened shortly,  wliloh would soon improve trade. As  1 jk)SI this letter I am informed that  a. sad mining accident has Just occurred, 'whereby two men were injured  -and one Wiled, IMr. Ityan by name.    It  - fcuppened, at the Old' Glory Hole, a  large pit rlifhl on the surface of the  III].. One of the Injured Is IMr. MeCarty.  T.KAOK'llKN'S- OONVKNTION.  ffhe Trackmen on the western division of the C. P. R. ���between Port Arthur and IfUggun, sent delega.les to  attend their convention .held at Wlmil-  peg the later ipurt of last week. The  convention occupied three days, and a  schedule drafted   which    will tie  pre-  y uented to -headquarters In Montreal In  March. The following memibeif of  (bhe Truckmen's .union weie elected as  the joint protective Ibourd for tilie  irestorn clllvlsiion or the <J. P. It.: J.  ,B. Brunsklll, Peine, chn.innaTi; J. McLellan, Winnipeg, vice-chairman; W.  3. MaChani. 'Plum Coulee, secretary-  4-reasurer; W. J. Murohen'. 'Medicine  Sat; M. Lyn-ch, 'Hegfna; S. Kicliinond,  Basswood; XV. 3. Sullivan. Portage la  JPi-alrie;    A.  McDonald,    NesVrtt;    W.  JOURNALISM.  Advertisements are of grea.t use to  the vulgar: first of all, as they ure  in'strunients of autbilion. A man that  is by no menus, big enoutfli for the  B.izettc, may easily ciccp into the advertisement!), by which means we often  see an apothecary in the same paper  ot news with a plenipotentiary, or a  running; footman with an ambassador  ���Addison  Ta.tler.  1   would  earnestly    advise them Cor  their good   to order  this .paper  to  be  punctually senved up. and to be looked  upon as a part of the tea equippa��e,  Addison   Spectator.  The great art of writing advertisements is the finding out a proper ineth  od to eatch the reader's eye; without  a K"od uhlnjr may pass unobserved or  he lost among commissions of bankrupt.���Add isor. Spectator.  The oflice of ,-L good newspaper is to  represent well the interests ot its time.  ���Coveo.  The Ihiwhesl reach of a news-writer  is an empty reasoning on policy, and  vain conjectuies on the public management.���De l_a Bruyer2.  Miscellanists are 'tlie most .popular  writers among every people; for it is  they who form a commuinieatiion 'between the learned and the unlearned,  and, us it were, tli row a bridge between  those two great divisions of the .public.  ���Isaac .Disraeli.  Four (hostile newspa.pers are more to  be feared than a thousand bayonets.���  Napoleon.  Here shall the .press tlhe people's right  maintain,  Unawed by influence and unlbribed by  gain;  Here .patriot   truth   her  gloiHous   pre-   e��^f).|i?_draw, ^   Pledged   to religion, liberty and law.  ���Storv.  The Woodwnrkui-s ot Halifax, Canada, report their membership gradually  Increasing, with quite a few Quit havo  not yet Joined The union. They c-Kpeel.  hmvevt-r. to >,et them all In within a  Sliort while.  Greenshlelds.    t'he   lawyer   who   ar-  iaiiK<>il the contract between till'!.' pi-ov-  ince  and   Mnckenxle & iMrnin,  is    the  same   Individual    wiho engineered   th  Drimimond   county  railway deal.  DISKI'V SWrKI-aWTAKJiS.  A grand Knglish Dcriby sweerstakes  will be dnuwn at the Strand hotel on  May ItOtli next. Tlie rotce tnlkes place  on June Alb. *nie ikioI in nil likelihood  will a mou nt to over'$2,000.. TldkeLs maybe had on applying- to that popular  hoittelry. If you thiivk you are lucky  talke a ohance. It will only com you  $1. Every starter In the cace will win  something.  Willie (nt his lessons)���Say pa, what's  a fortification? Pa���A-fort!_leatlon, my  son. Is a large fort. Willie���Then ls a  ratification a large rat���Our Dumb Animals.  ,., According to opinions recently-expressed in a national -meeting, .of an  association of manufacturers, there is  a scarcity of good mechanics. At the  meeting alluded to, which was held  under tlie auspices of the League of  American Manufacturers, a lengthy discussion took place, lu which It was attempted to divine the cause of such a  scarcity, and if possible to find a way  out of tin- dilemma. When one looks  over this question a great variety of  contradictory evidence ls sure, to be  gathered in, as in so very many and  yiich varied branches ot trade does such  a situation exist. First, it is assumed  llita there is at present far  Too Few Skilled Workmen  to supply the demand; again, it is assumed that tlie many trusts'that have  been formed have thrown so many  skilled men on the market that it is  very difficult to satisfy the people as  to their wants, and unless changes occur In the situation the position of  the people is bound lo be worse than  before the temper of trade had Improved it. And yet, withal, there is a  scarcity of skilled workmen. It is difficult to reason"why, yet the assertion  Is nearer to the truth than opposed to  it. Of this fact there Is no doubt. How  such a condition can exist il is hard to  state without a little looking into the  many cause's wliich can be attributed  thereto.     Undoubtedly  The Chief Factor  in the production nf the cause can ba  attributed, first, to the constant Inroads  that invention is making on the mailj-  et for skill by hand: and. second, to  the panic of a few years ago. Improvements in machinery have been so rapid in America during .the past generation that the places formerly filled by  men are now occupied by boys and  girls, whose mastery ot their machines  is about all the knowledge of mechanics  lli&i' have, or are expected to know.  Before Met'jjenthaler perfected his  machine for setting type llifii'i' Were  five printers to one machine operator at  the present lime, thus five men gave  I lace to one, who, in many eases, Is  Simply n Machine Man,  with a limited knowledge of printing  ot the artistic and skilled order. Years  ago the making of a carriage was done  entirely by hand, excepting the forming  of the bolt itself, and days and sometimes weeks were consumed befoie the  job was ready for the painter's brush.  To-day, in big factories,- tlie composite  parts of the iron-work is drop-forged,  and turned over to tho litter to merely  bend into placo, and where it once took  a week to "iron off"- a canriage, now  the time is limited to a few hours.  And where does the mechanic come in  the operation? Here are two sample  cases of enforced reduction of the number cf the recognized skilled occupations.   In many branches of mechanics  The Inventor  lias not yet been able to make himself  fell in cutting Into the market of skill,  but where he has interfered his mark  is now plain, and from those borders  where he has invaded conies the loudest cry of a scarcity of skill. During  the years of the late panic the purse-  strings were drawn tightly on the  hoardings of every class, and wllh their  all invested in ventures of all kinds,  and with their eyes fixed on every expenditure, lest some would cause their  life's work to crumble away, or fto beyond the power of saving, little thought  was given to the extension of skill by  the medium of youth, mostly for the  good reason that one of the half-finished mechanics could be engaged to work  for about the wages of a good serviceable boy, and constantly the time passed on, marked by  Fe wcT ~A":ipfeiitices  learning the trades than had been  known for years before. Again, when  trades find themselves heavily stocked, a shut-down is at once called for  t>y those Interested. When the store-  ihou��e has Ibeen emptied' of its wares  a resumption of operations Is Heen, und  often takes a. long lime to catch up  with orders in this world of fluctuating  supply and demand. This is identical  with skilled labor. ICIght or ten years  ago there was never a cry heard of a  scarcity of skill. The mill anil the factories hud been humming with the life  of trade. There was room for everybody, and man and boy filled his allotted sphere.   But  The Drop Came,  yet hope remained until resources began to recede, and with this came the  crush that was felt for years. On the  i<��iiinptti<ii, conditions were changed,  nml were |irnmlslng, and In the search  tor ndilltlTiial skill a scarcity was  round, because no warrant of th,. magnetic kind was made for its study during the peiiod or depression. It is quite  likely thut the ordinary methods of  trade will meet the requirements by  filling up the art market with a finished body of mechanics, which Is made  possible by the taking on of boys to  learn trades, for when those most  deeply Interested find it impossible to  get along through the  Tears of Prosperity  that are promised, without .plenty of  skill, they will do the next best thing  possible, and adopt apprentices to learn  Hades, thus In a short time giving them  mastery over what now appears Impossible to overcome. Natural laws will  likely enfoued this desired change, and  within a decade there will likely be  found a Imdy of skilled mechanics, who  can operate more than a machine. To  our mind the true mechanic of the future���it matters mot what trade he follows���Is a. mnn destined to command  higher icspeet, and consequently Che  btst retinitis for-this gift and skill to  the world than is given .the adherents  of more advanced callings.  S.  Cl'HB   YOl.lt  TEMPER.  There was once a Kansas man who  was the owner of a William goat of  a voracious and undiserimlnating np-  pettite. He would eat anything from  a cactus plant to a wire clothesline. On  one occasion some men who were opening a quaary on the farm of the goat's  master, left a few sticks of blasting  powder lying near the place where  they expected to put In a blast the  next morning. The William goat saw  that thero was some new kind of food  and proceeded to sample it. He man-  eged to swallow two sticks of dynamite  bU'ote he let up his Teast, and then am-  bltd contentedly away to finish up on  a washing that had just been put out  in a neighboring yard. The man who  owned the yard wliere the washing was  hiimrlng up, hated the William goat  with an intense and growing hatred.  "Vhen he saw the goat strolling into the  yard he said ha, ha, for he thought "I  Will nol do a tiling tothat goat now."  And when the William goat drew near  the man ruslu-d at it and kicked it as  if lie had been kicking a goal, for he  did not know that the goat had just  taken n lune|i of dynamite. When the  man kicked the William goat It went  away���so did the man. His freimls  found the last piece of him in a neighbor's lield  the next day.  Moral.���This simple and sad tale  shows how important it is to keep a  grip on your temper.  +**********#****4****#+***  �� YOU'LL NEED HEAT  UNrON BARBER SHOPS.  The following is a complete list of  union barber shops in Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shop. Hastings street.  Bon Ton barber shop, Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvle & Ellis, Cambie stiteet.   "~���  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordiva street.  Smalley'a Barber Shop, Cordova  street.  Oyster Bay Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  Army and Navy (Oscar HeyJandtt)���  Granville street, under Trorey's.  A.  O. (McCutoheon, Mount Pleasant.  Boulder Barber Shop, Cordova Street.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by wliite men���are you drinking it?  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Ryo. Only, SOc bottle.-Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  The Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   tho   corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets.   Case  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 740 Pender street.  Tlie Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings strcetsT" Tlie"boTtled"gbodsafe  all first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  When you want to hire a nnt-clui  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 126.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  , Drink Red CrosB Beer, the beer that's  pure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 74(1 Pender street.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, 50c bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up of the weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  P.  O.   E.-VANCOUVBR AK1MW, No.  I).  meets   Wednesday    evunlngn;    visiting  brethren wedcome. ' Bert Robinson, W. 1*.;  Grey Ure, \V. S., Arcade.  JOB PRINTING AT  " THE INDEPENDENT."  A ��g  .,....,-.���:  Before long now. The best heaters made ��"  ���the cheapest to buy and the most eco- ��"  nomical to use are the w"  W   AIR-TIGHTS AND  BASE   BURNERS.  made by the McClary Mfg. Co.  ���-  | Win. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. |  A ~ SOLE AGENT A.  ���������������������#������������������������������������������������������  This high grade WALL FINISH .Is in i  greater demand this year than ever.  BECAUSE   it   mixes   easier,   works ���  easier, looks better   and   lasts longer ���  Chan any other finish manufactured.  Aak for the best and the best ds MURTLO.  ftlude in twenty-ifour shades and ���whito.  '       Sole Agents, ^  McLennafi,  McFeely ��* Co..  Phone 41.  12a Cordova Street., Vancouver, B.C.  Phone IOCS.  Mothers Know a Great Deal       '  |About Boys' Clothing  But do you suppose they ever dreamed .thait it would reach the  .perfection it ihas now attained. Our window tells the story���gaze In  and see the smartest things In (Boys' SuiU that you ever saw.  Perhaps you have a boy-then you may be tempted to come inside and dsk questions about our Boys' Suits.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT if* CO.  104- and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., OM>. Wm. Ralbh's.  KELLY, DOUGLAS e> CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,   '  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  [jgir Headquarters for  Domestic and Im-  ported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  Dinner Sets  We are sfliouilng a splendid assortment of New Dinner Sets, running in  price .from  $8.00 to $50.00.  .They are the best English Semi-Porcelain goods. '  The famous "Crown Darby" iia'tlerns  are among .tliem.  R. G. BUCHANAN ��* CO.  CKOCKEIIV AM) HOUSE TOIINISHINCS,  Telephone 0-1-H. ADO Hastings Street.  �������������������*"�� ���������������������  t t  \\ Wishing the I  u Citizens of Vancouver      I  <> a Prosperous T  0 New Year_>c*  o  <���  it'  n  o  o  o  o  <���  ���we again want it known' that .  we are still doing business at the <  old stand arid invite you to make '  us a call.  Get prices, note-quality anil be  happy for 1002.  FORD'S GROCERY  Tel. T28.   25 Hastings St. t.    T  �������������������������� ���������.������������  ^���:*K��H-CK0:K��:4;��;t:^��)i^Ht��:^��  Till further notice we  will sell  Watches at  10 Per Cent.  J     I_e��is than any advertised price  ��� of any other store ln the oity.  | DAVIDSON BROS.,  ��� The Jewelers.  ������:  The  ""^  Having the Only Up-to-D.te Grill Room  in B. 0. whicli in Itself ia �� guarantee  ol aFint-Clau Hotel and Keitaurant.  Seymour Streeet,  $AVOY  THEATRE  McDonei.i, & SiMrsoNr Pioprietors.  AI.F. V. James Stage Malinger.  Week Commencing  Monday, Next ,  Artistic and Refined Vaudeville.  EVERY ACT A FEATURE.  . . MAKES A UPKCtALTY OP .  o   _ Dewar's special liqueur, also ��� ���  o - ws Block LQ&ei Liqueur vrnisKp  -LARGE STOCK OF��� '   "5  '    IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  . Ciqars.  R. B. Mulligan <& Co., Props.  -    Coinxb Cordova and Cabkall.  | :   GEO. HAY   : &  A     Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes     A..  J   . Renovator, makes a suit new.  7 Dyeing and Repairing.  a 216 cambie St., VA��ootrvE_t.        jf^^  ���������������������������������������  Tel. 3MS���Laundry.  Tel, llifr-Uraneh.  /  The Sanitary  -Conditions  of tho Pioneer 'Laundry arc perfect.  Thero l.i an abundanee of llpht  and fresh, pure nlr���Die Lanndry  ilielng In a. block 1>y Itself with'  lots of space all around It.  Scrupulous     cleanliness     marks  every nook and corner. '  The watchword of the whole In- '  atltutlon is "OLHANLINESS" and  from tho time our driver take*  your l>undlo until Jt In returned to  you It will have paused tliroiiKli'  tha hands of whito1 people' only.  Steam Lacipdry  Phonk 34S. 910 ��� 914 Richards St  Downtown Offick, No. 4 AftCAi.E.  WHITE   HUP ONLY.  JTUnt's Dyspepsia Tablets oi* guarantied to restore falling appetite and  aorreefc any Und of otomach trouble.  to c box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Oo. x  For the next 80 days you cxn got a suit ate  your own1 price ��t-  TKPE: ACME:  To introduce our new lyutem'Of Uil��iU.| k*-  . lore our FkHStOTk.nlvei.  ''I  i .1  i'l  I  ���'I  i  1  il  -���vi  V'i  V  i .A  ��J|  i_  'Jl  f.  I'drgiaSt/-  C.'lttlit_na)'��rt��or  ttC_rww_ftfgor_uaao< ��_���_������� myii  ���/


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