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The Independent Nov 30, 1901

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 SUBSCRIPTION $1.25 A MR  IWase-eannera should subscribe, because this paper  lii published as their organ.  B. C. PEMASEST LOAN AND  SAVINGS CO.     "  Authorized Capital   -   ��10,00O,000  t-iiti.irlked Capital   ���   -    1.300.000  Assets over         500,000  Head Office 821 Cambie street, Van*  cou\er, B. C.  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1901.  NO. 10.  THE VICES OF GREED.  Standing room was at u premium In  O'Brien's hall Sunday evening1, when  the paator of tho Central Congrcgi-  tdonal church, Rev. Mr. Vrooman, delivered tlho second ot o, aeries ot sermons on "Man and His Money." The  test chosen was "The love of money is  ttie root of all kinds of evil." Without  attempting to even give ln outline the  thought of his discourse we gather a  ) tew paragraphs that may be of intor-  t_     est to our readers. t  The Love of Money  ls not In itself evil. It is such a powerful agent to secure the things we desire amd to aid us In avoiding the  thlngB we dislike, that money becomes  the material embodiment of nil earthly  , ambition. Home, food, clothing, education, leisure, pleasure, travel, are in  reach of the possessor of money. Or  be may secure these things for tlio3e  whom he loves. Money represents the  ��x>wer to gratify tbe needs and ambl-  ���ticcs of life. Money Is the reward of  , toll and the price of laibor. Honest  money Is.ns sacred as One golden vessels of tlie holy itemple. It ls .the symbol of value which it represents. But  ��l_e love of money and the things wbloh  money will purohase may become a  ravening greed wlvlch troomples down  righteousness, justice", honor and law  in the passionate Impulse to secure'  Bain. As wtaalth accumulates greed Inspires an effort to seize it without tihe  labor of earning it, and so. money becomes the prize in a gome of skill or  the plunder in a campaign' of roguery  flnstead of the reward of honest toil.  So the love of money becomes the Toot  ot all kinds of evils, ivSiicli are exhibited tn .many forms of selfishness,  crime aind vdce.  Gambling  Is a vice which springs from the simple  loot, of greed.   The object,ls to gain  ' something    for    nothing.    There  are  three ways for you to gain money���you  Kl.        , xnay earn it, or beg It, or, steal-IL   By  winning the bet you neither beg money  or earn it.   Some- friendly bets may be  lonma of gift and the bet be only, a  formal matter with,more .generosity  "��� than greed at tlie botftoni, but lii geu-  ���ei-al,  gambling .is' oonducted' in the  Ereedy spirit, of gaining something for  ' nothing.   It ls stealing.., It Is reciprocity In robbery.   Gambling Is to stealing what the duel ls to killing. ..In the  duel one man consents to be killed It  .given a fair chance to kill bis opponent.   It was formerly considered honor-  olbW.   Universally now lt Is denounced  as barbarous and the duelist who kills  .his antagonist Is prosecuted' for mur-  . -tier.' The consent of 'the victim does  ���not'justify the murderer.  So In gambling.   The essence of It Is on effort to  gain money for nothing.  Two gamblers  consent to win or lose according to the  ',    chances of the, game.   Itis a duel In  .Which" not life jbut money Is at staike.  The winner gives no value for money  received either iln money or goods.   He  is before tlie moral 'law a thief.   The  consent of the robbed docs not relieve  the winner from this charge.   In every  ago wise men have deplored this vice  and laws 'have been made to suppiess  it   It has been legally prohibited ^ by  Jaw like dueling and highway robbery.  Its nefarious aind corrupting influence  on society has ever been.remarked and  efforts made  to diminish    the    curse.  "Whether the stnlkes be dimes or dollar?,  whether   the game  be  faro  or  blaok  jack, dice or roullotte, poker or horse-  racing, prices of stock or a prize fight;  ���"whether the ^Unites be laid on a-iinihog-'  any table of a west end mansion or on  the bar of a down town dive, every  form of gambling Is a menace to honor  and an unmitigated curse to society.  Bvery gaming table Is an altar of giced  upon which llnine the unclean flies of  avarice.    Upon  the altar are offered  thu sacrifice of honor and unanhood to  the great god mammon.   The passion  to gain something for nd thing becomes  a. dovJllsh Impulse    that   overwhelms  conscience,  silences  reason,  and  paralyses every liner tund nobler sentiment  of the soul.   Tiie gambler is'an incb-  font thief.  He .Is willing to strip u man  of tils money nnd give him no'vnlue in  exchange.   If he loses, his morn! nature is "prepared to do the sneak thief  net   He becomes able to rob lids father's   till,    to   steal tils   employer's  goods, to embezzle funds In trust. Vice  grows into crime.   Every gaming talblc  ia an elementary school in crime and  ��very gambling hell Js a (ten of thieves  and robbers.   There is only one mam  to be ��� pitied more than the loser, and  tbat' is tlie winner.'-' He -bas sunk to  tl ^ low level of unspeakable meari-  n '-3, He has been capable of making  a gain of another's loss and of rejoicing over another's misfortune. Ho .is  a richer but a menner man. The highway robber is more worthy of honor  for his profession requires courage,  while the gambler requlres'only heartless greed and pitiless rascality.  Intemperance  Is a vice which Is the produot of more  than  ono  motive.    But  greed  ls  tho  greoA tap-root  which fixes  It In  the  Ration.   Hon. Joseph Chamberlain has  sold:    "If I  could destroy to-moiTow  the desire for strong drink In England.  What ohanges would we see! We should  see our taxation  reduced by millions  sterling every year.  We should see our  Jails    and   workhouses   empty.    We  should see more lives saived ln twelve  months than are consumed ln a century  of savage and bitter war.   Wo should  transfigure and transform ithe face of  the whtfle country."    What prevents  Uhis    change?   Three things   prevent.  Theyi are social custom, the dririk appetite and greed.   Ot the three greed is  tihe most .powerful to impede the advance of  reform and the suppression  of ithe dulnk traffic.   Greed means the  saloons.    Gieed clutches the immense  profits of tlie trafllc, ���purchases political  power and protected by law prosecutes  the   accursed   business   of   drunkard  malklng, defying the   army   of docial  progress and moral reform. Greed says:  "Debauch men with drink and they became your slaves.   They will faithfully  toll nnd 'honestly bring their earnings  to the bar to enrich you and procure  for   themselves    poverty, degradation  and damnation."   Greed nerv*s men to  ply the whiskey bottle and to peddle  the beer keg.   Greed only can blind a  people to the folly of turning men into  stupid 'beasts,  drivelling idiots, howling, maniacs, ragged paupers or reckless crlminnls for the sake of revenue.  Intemperance and prostitution are the  twin devils born of greed and lust' that  rage through the nations dragging the  sons and daughters of God down' to  (hell.  The Social Kvil  is a cancerous vice dn the social organism corrupting and,destroying the  human, family." It-is at once the most  shameful and most pitiable' of all the  evidences of social decay, always is it  tlie most prevalent 'when extremes of  luxury and poverty meet.   A social 'order dominated by a class overgorged  with wealth and  afflicted' with'Idleness, while it is resting upon a mass "of  humanity overwhelmed  with  poverty,  is always corrupted with licentiousness  amd the prostitution    of womanhood.  The scarlet woman, at once the victim  and   the   curse   of social'sin,   is the  shameful emblem of the heartless injustice of. civilization.    Until  society  treats the fallen man as It treats the  fallen "woman and condemns the male  prostitute as the female Justice is not  done.   The foul hearted rake who sows  Ihis wild oats is often welcomed with  open arms by a. soolety of Pharisees  wiho kick his .victims Into the street.  Down into the darkness of eternal despair with broken hearts have .plunged many of the loveliest and sweetest  flowers of womanhood, whose fault was  that  they  loved   not  wisely  but  too  well, and  who weie forthwith  immolated on the altars of gieed and lust.  Trapped, ruined and crushed, the fallen  women,  from whom  the people  turn  their faces in scorn,  is filled  at  last  with   fierce   recklessness   and   hatred.  Her heart ls full of venom.   Her nature  is changed and she allies heiself with  the drink-demon- to-allure- her-friends  to ehamc nnd death.   In the mad delirium of outraged womanhood ihe becomes the most pitiable as well as the  most dangerous enemy of social moril-  Ity.   The majority of those .wih'o become  the scourges of society are the (final  products of monstrous wickedness and  of unjust social conditions.   Not many  dellbeintely choose a life of shame until their moral strength has been broken down by the wickedness of the betrayer of love or by a crushing struggle  against povei ty.   It Is easy to condemn  but it ls better to have charity.    To  Mr. Stead In Cliicugo, one who knew,  Btnted  the  cause    of   prostitution in  words with  which most of those' who  'tudy this problem agree.    She said:  "The recruiting grounds of the bagnio  are the stores, where girls work lo'ig  hours for small pay, the homes that  have few comforts and .practically no  pleasures; the streets,' where girls are  often cast, still unknown to sin, but ln  want-Und without shelter, in a word,  .plaoes outside the levee wfhere distress  aind,temptation stand ever present as  a menace to purity and rectitude. Behind every effort there Js a cause. In  the case of prostitution, the real cause  lies not dn th* girls who fall, but In social conditions ithat make the fall easy,  and the men who tempt to the step and  furnish the money to support the degradation after the step ls taken. Before reform In Hie levee ls possible  there must be reform In the home and  mart." An expert upon this subject  writes in the Cyclopedia of Social Reform: "The supremo social cause \of  prostitution we believe to be the bid  housing of the poor, resulting from It w  wages and the poverty of the great  masses In our clitles." Going behind All  other causes of this social e\il we And  gieed grinding down the wages of the  poor, greed exploiting the laibor of women at starvation wage, greed crushing  out hope and happiness by compelling  great. masses ot our people to labor  wearily w Ithout rest for ai bare subsistence. Tht terrors of laborious and  dismal poverty drive the morally weak  down to the pit of shame where idle  vice flaunts the silken robes of shame  before the lhaggard face of virtue clad  in rags.  The Vice of Vices  .Is the greed that turns the officers ot  law Into protectors of the gambling  dive, the saloon rand the Ibrothel. The  iaw seteks to restrain or to' suppress  these vices, but when the city police  or aldermen enter into league with vice  they may collect secret tribute as the  price of immunity from law. Vice can  .-be blackmailed and made tlhe sour_e  of revenue for a corrupt city a'dmlnls-  tiatlon. Is this done in Vancouver?  Some assert that this is don'e. 'How  else can be explained the open and Hag-  rant doflamce of law by all these vice3?  It we imalke 'laws we should insist on  the officers enforcing them. Let it be  a supreme issue in .the coming election.  Every citizen should see to it that hta  vote and Influence is given to men-who  will enforce the laws regarding these  vices. A clean council and an effe;-  tive police force are needed. You will  get them only as you nominate and  vote for clean and reliable men. Tlie  forces of vice will be sure to put forth  candidates; let everyone opposed to the  "wide-open'.' policy and in favor of hon";  esty,"sobriety and social purity carry  his conroictlons intelligently to the ballot box. ,  Next Sunday evening the subject will  be "Stamdards of Value."  BARBERS'  AMUAL BALL.  "Wuz ye at the masquerade Thanksgiving night?"  "Wuz I?   I guess jes.   Say  It wuz  the swollest ball and supper that ever  wuz in Vancouver."  "It wuz?   Well, tell us all about lt."  '"Well, you know George Isaacs, the  president of tlhe union, ihe wuz the busiest and most itlokled man itlhere, and  nest busiest wuz Milster William Roiis.  the master of ceremonies.   He has a  beautiful voice, has "Billy."   And the  Italian 'hand couldn't touch the OI. P.  Q. C, or P. D. Q��� I forget whldh, for  an oi<ohostra.   Suoh dancing, such mu-  yic, such a supper and suoh a crowd  you never seed the like before.   There  wuz about 200 couple, itihe largest number I'tlhat  ever attended ith'e  O'Brien  hall at one 'time.   And as for the cog-  tumes:   All nations and nationalities  wuz represented and all races, black  and white and yellow amd Ibrown and  copper,  and  every other variety you  could name or think of wuz there.   Old  men, young men, ladies utkJi misses-  all sizes���wuz there.   It was ia grand  spettaioular, serlo comic, circus laffaiir.  Clowns aind    clownesses,   belles   and  beaux, tame and wild men and woman,  yaihoos,  tramps and so forth  ad lib.  It was for all Uhe world like 'a tremendous  monster-like kaleidoscope    with  myriads of spdts andi dots the size of  people of all the 'hues ana colore of the  rainbow moving round and round in a  great cloud pf m'azy waltz, and If you  looked long enough at the moving pictures you'd get dizzy.   Yes, it wuz a  regular dizzy sight��� that's good.   But  you never sow suleh fun and surpri*_s  when ithey tool: tholr masks off.   Some  of the fellows with other fellows' gins  an'd some girls ^,-ith oUher girls' fellows Jiad ia.ll got mixed up, and they  didn't know where they -were at for ia  nonce. -And some thought  chat they  were dancing with folks  they didn't  know, but in fact they taiew one an  other all the time, tout they said they  didn't.   "He was such a lovely dancer,  till ihe got Ihis false face off, but excuse, me-~��� " suid the prettiest 'girl of  the long-to-be-remembered   gathering.  Let's talk"��_bout'those that w^ere 'there.  Well there- wuz  Ward, M. .MoKie, Mr. Naliue, Mr. W.  Haugh, F. 'Paterson, C. Datg, Miss Bur-  wlok, Mrs. H. L. Miller, H. L. Sillier.  Mr. Ohwui, D, McPnersdn, F. Richardson, Mr, It, Craig, J. J. Johnson, MI3S  M., Burrow-s, Miss M. Weiiin, Mr. C.  Binder, Mrs. C. B. Walton, Miss E.  Hodgson, Miss A. Hodgson, Miss Wood,  Miss Dt-kioner, 'Mr. and Mt��, Copp, Mrs.  P. J. Bennett, Mrs. H. 0. Thomus, Mies  L. Ransome, Miss J. Riinsome, Miss  J. 'Scott, Miss B. Scott, Miss G. Rnn-  Bome, Mrs. G. W. Ireland, Miss Mc-  'Klsslck, Miss F. Macklin, 'Miss F. Fo-  asUiea, Mr. H. L. IRedman, Mr. F. Dak-  Souter, C. Fraser, Wm. 'IMdy, Mrs. L.  Souser, C. Fraser, Wm. Tidy, Mrs. L.  McOormick, Miss A. Smith, Mr. J. Mc;  Morran, Oh'as. BouHon, Thos. Spain,  and twice as manly more were thero, all  wearing costumes.  The second annual (masquerade) ball  and supper of ithe Vancouver Barbers'  union, No. 120, is now ia thing of the  past, and will toe put dowm to the minutes as the most successful function  of its kind ie\er held in the oity. The  committee, to whom the guests owe a  Ihe&rty vote of tlhanlks ifor ithe admirable way ithe matters of detail were arranged 60 satisfactorily, were J. A.  ���Stewart (chairman), A. H. Leggatt  (secretary), J. H. Steverts, C. D. Morgan and J. A. Dajvldson.  SEWS OF TIIE LABOR WORLO  FRMTIIANBLERS SMOKE.  Among the Dancers  THE NEWSBOYS' BANQUET.  On New Year's Eve the second annual banquet by the citizens and admirers of the little fellows will be  held in Union hall. Subscriptions will  be thainkfully received and acknowledged through The Independent.  Independent Printing Company..$10.00  "MATT" A BENEDICT.  IMr.  Matthew J. Barr, of this city,  and Miss Ella   Dillabougih,    of New  Westminster, were married on Tuesday  by Rev.-G. I..Matthews at 'the' Royal  Oity. , The bridesmaid was Miss Mamie,  sister to the bride, and Olr. 'Jess An  derson acted as groomsman.    A larje  number of (friends were present at the  wedding feast.   When the supper lhad  been pant'alken of Mr. and  Mrs.  B'irr  left .for itlietr new home in. this city,  on  Princess street.    They   are    well  known and popular with tlieir friends  and acquaintances,  Who are legion in  these parts.   Mr. Ban- is a member of  the firm of Barr & Anderson, leading  .plumbers, of .Hastings street.   He h.13  ahvays_ibeen_pro:nlncnt���in���sportins  olrclea, Waving been last yetor secretary  of the lacrosse club, and has for years  been    a  piomlnent    lacrosse   player,  handling the stick this year for the  Y. M. C. 'A. club, which latter Institution presented the newly Joined couple  with a liaiKlsomo.tOa set.   The Independent joins -wil'th the many woll-wls.i-  era In wishing "Matt" and his  bride  a long and prosperous wedded life.  ���FROM SEATTLE.  Musicians union, No. 70, has resolved  "That ronators and representatives fn  oongresi be earnestly requested to assist In lowing Inserted in the ne.tt  nmvnl appropriation authorizing the  construction of warships, n. provision  that some of the vessels provided for  In such bill .shall be constructed In tihe  navy yards of the United States."  The cigarmakers have assessed themselves 60 cento a member for the Labor  Temple fund. The Oocfks and Waltsirs  subscribed an additional $160.  ��� Ina Taylor, of the Waiters omlon, has  been elected vice-president of the Central 'Labor union.  The printing business Is (brisk.  Mns. G. W. Isaacs, Daybreak; Edith A.  Lusler,  Topsy;  Pearl (Maoklln,   Highland Lassie; Mrs. C. J. Salter, Britannia; Mrs. C. B. 'Walton,  Witdh;  Mrs.  L. H. Cohn, Carmen; Amelia Swansen,  Daughter of the .Regiment; Lollie Sin-  Ion, Flower Girl; A. Ufford,    Farmer;  Wm. L. Coaites, Spanish Cavallor; Mrs.  Walton,   Wench;   Geo.  Edwards,   Sixteenth Century; W. Freeman, Bulgarian Brigand; A.'Austin, Jr., Puck; A.  E. Austin, Royal C. A.; J. J. Johnson,  Clown; C.  S.  Wilband,    Sailor;   Wm.  Bailey, Waiter; J. D. Sims, Royal C.  A.; J.  S. Vickey,  Devil;  F.  E.  King,  Blaolcfeet Indian; Win. Maine, Clown-  D. Anderson, Rag Time: O. Green, Colored Gent; C. C. Martin, Boston; G30.  Ohrcn, BacMoo Bob; C. Fraser, Spanish  Caivaller;  'J. MeWarren,    French  Count;   R.  P.  Craig,  Beau Brunuii"ll,  O.  Nelson,   Drum  Major;    Joe  King,  Mexican Cowboy; C. Farron, German  Aristocrat; W. A.  Scott,  Count; J. D.  Jadkson, Any Old Olliltng;  S. D.  Mur-  cheson,  Highland  Costume; Miss  Annie  Seultto,  Flower Girl; Mns. Howe.  German   Peasant   Girl;   Miss    Drink-  water, Spring; Lena, Seultto, Tambor-  ine  Gill;   Miss Bella  Woitson,   Scotch  Lassie; Miss Pearl Watt,  Night; Mis.  Cott, Gold Nugget; 'Mrs.  L. A. Jack-  sonrSohool-GIrl;^MIss_Gr.ice"Bartlett;  School Girl; Miss Maggie Warren, Cigars; W. Weiss,  Dude; Miss Maokay,  Daisy   Bell;   W.    J,   Mackay,     Nonu  Tramp; F. W. Fowler, World; A. McLaughlin, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Ellis,  Miss Ellis, XV. F. Allen, Miss M. Helm,  Mirs.   Jeffreys,   Mr*   W.   Bailey,   MIs^  MoMartln, Miss  McOltty,  Miss M.  B.  Murphy, Miss Hughes, Miss Nellie Harlow, L. Walmsley, Miss Conwant, Mr  Stack, Mr. Wm. 'Sharp, Miss M. Watson, Mr. and Mrs, C. J. O'Brien, .JIi-s  13. Woods, iXIIss iM. Durham, A. Slater,  Miss Austlln, Mies Short, Mrs. A. Am-  tta, .Miss G. Mortimer, iM.|ss E. Gamble,-  Mr. Stidkr.ey, Mr. J. McPherson, Miss  G. iNalrc, iMIas IM.'Fortune,   Miss 13.  Naiiiamak,.<r,  'Miss  M.   Helgesen,   Joe  King, Mrs.  W.   Grant,  Mrs.  iBurton,  iMies L. Dunn, Mr. Httw, Mrs. H. Slater, C. Nelson,  B. .Milller, M.  Miller,  Miss Milller,    H.    Dtttermler,    Misses  Wcfhster, F. Matlow, Mr. 'MoEIhinn ?/,  'J. Desants, C. W. Padgbam, Mrs. II.  Harrington, G. Olai<_oe, Miss Kemp, C.  E. Ming, S. Walker, C. Farron, MUs  E. Armstrong, Miss A. Ward, Miss F.  The Vancouver Freight Handlers'  union gave one oT the most successful  smokers on Tuesday evening ever held  in Union hall. There was a large attendance, not only of members of tho  union, but others. The songs, speeches,  dancing and recitations were all above  the usual order. Tlie following was tho  ���pnognajmme1: (Piano, solo, Mr. Frye;  chairman's speecih; song, Asleep in tha  Deep, J. H. Watson; recitation, Mr.  ���Murdock; clog dance, Mr. Aldermar;  .piano amd violin, 'Messrs. Prye and  Campbell; song.'F. Russell; recitation,  iMr. Poore; clog dance, Mr. Bonner;  duet, Messrs. Campbell and Frye; son?,  Mr. Alderanair; .recitation, * Mr. Austin;  recess and lunch;' overture, Messrs.  Oamipbell and Frye; club swinging, Mr."  iSpeoring; speecih, ,H. Cowan; song, Mr.'  Crowe; clog dance, Mr. Aldermar; song,  IMr. Bedding; recitation, Mr. Murdork;  song, Mr. Gait; recitation, Mr. Austin;  stump speecih, Mr. Tltcomib; song, J.  H. Waitson. 'Several toasts were proposed and responded to, after ivQileh  tlhe party adjou'imed, voting the evening one pleasantly spent.  The following kindly 'donated beer  and digars: ODoerlng '& Marstrand,  iKelly, Douglas & Co., Hudson Bay Co ,  F. JJ. Stewart, .Wilson Bros, and W.  H. Mlalldln; pipes 'by Alf. 'Austin.  A  LABOR  PLATFORM.  The Winnipeg Trades   and    Labor  Council .has adopted the following platform to be presented to all candidates  for municipal honors:  1. Abolition of property qualification  for all public offices.'        '    "'       ��� ���,  ,���  2. Abolition of tihe ward system and  <-lect.cn at large.  3. AduLt suffrage in all aldermanic  elections.' ���>  4. Abolition of the contract system  I'll all public -��oi Its of construction and  improvement.  5. Tho retention and acquisition of  all public franchises by the city.  <i. The retention of the early closing  by-law.  7. All civic work and supplies to be  furnished by union labor.  The following to be   addressed  to  school board candidates:  "Will you support���  1. Compulsory education.  E. Free text books In public schools.  3. Free night schools for adults.  4. A ourfew law or legislation  In direction of that principle.  Two more unions���the Internationil  Bakers and the Amalgamated Engineers���'have derided to afllllate with  .Wie Dominion Trades Congress. Who  will be the next? Now Is the time to  build up our Canadian organization.  Every union should aflllla'tc, so ns to  strengthen the .position of the ccntr.il  oillcers.  If labor is going to defend itself  against the woild and have Its rights It  must have a practical knowledge of  the .people that live In It We rely too  mudi on systems and theories.,  If you wont am endowment policy,  see that you have one without any  "ifs" or '"ana" In it. That Is the kind  H. Williamson will give you.  Socialists have established organizations at Ladysmlth, .Nnnnimo, Kamloops, Revelttoke nnd Fera-uso:i, and  elsewhere In this province.  A Shingle Weavers' -union has been  or.Vmlzed at Hartford, Wa-h. This  malcea ithe ninth union formed among  them In .that district alone.  An early closing movement Is on foat  at Cliehalls, Wash., and both the clerks  and merchants are endeavoi lng to organized so as to work conjointly together .in order to secure success.  The citizens of Northpoit, Wash,,  near .Rossland. beld a mars meeting  last week to protest' against the 200  Missouri scabs in the smelter carrying  arms. The sheriff began disarming  them at once. This simply goes to  prove tbat "'the scab is' dispised by  every one."  , . The'mayor of Toronto has proposed!  to haive 6ix aldermen! and six school  trustees elected Iby the city at large.  Aid. Ward is In faivor' of 12 aldermen,  all elected by a general vote. The civic ������  committee an legislation has postponed  action on either proposal. A strong  sentiment prevails in Toronto to do  away with the ward system.  A debate took place to the McMas-,  ter University Literary Society,-of Toronto, on Friday evening on the subject: "Resolved���That the prohibition  of Chl'iiOAe immigration into Canada is  justifiable." Messrs. E. A. Brownley,  B. A., and A. E. Hayden, B. A., maintained the aim relative, and Messrs.'It.  E. Guyatt, B. A., and H. L. Kempton, -  B.' A., the negative.  At a mass meeting of Austrian shoe- ,  makers, held dn Vienna recently,' the  mayor, Dr. Lueger, spoke against the  establishment of American shoeshops  In ��� Vienna.' Several dsHegates, utter  referring to the dls ti ess' that exists ,  among shoemalfers, declared themselves  vigorously against American competition. A resolution In accordance with  the >\iews of the speakers was adopted.  '   Exports of apples from  Canada to   "  Great Britain show a heavy decrease  -i -,' ���  .this. year.    Up 'to October 31st. there ' .  were shipped from the port of,Montreal 102,23-1 barrels, against 1S5.016 *  barrels.in 1900 and 230,730 barrels in  1S90. Fiom Halifax there were shipped 71,117 barrels this "year, against  60,322 barrels In 1900 and US.MD 'barrels  in 1S99." No apples were' shipped frc-r1  Annapolis-this year, but 13,86) barre.j  weie "shipped in 1090.  In 1SC0 there Mere 1,924 juvenile criminals convicted for induotable offences  in Canada, and 23,540 during 1SS3-1900,  In 1900, under 16 years of age, males,1  SS3,   females,  32;  16   years  and  under    '  21, males 900, females 109.   In 1SS5-1D0O,' * ;  under 16 years, .males 10,119,    femalev"-  3111; 16yeais and under 21, 11,863 niale=.  and 1,037 females.    Juvenile criminal*:  furnished 35.44" per cent,  of the 'total  convictions for Indictable" offences for  the year 19C0,'and 32.37 per cant, for  the period 1SS5 to 1900, inclusive.'  A loc.l branch of the Affiliated Federation of Letter Carriers has been oivi  ganized at  Victoria.  The gr��t>t!y increased development of  Ontario metalliferous mines is shown  by the returns of production for the  last nine menths of the year. These  show- an aggregate of $2,S22,003, compared '.\itih $2,511,131 for The whole or  19ft0, o.- a proportionate1 increase of  about 4S .per cent. This is the highest  production yet reached by the mines  of Ontario. The heavlect Increases ana  In-iron oreT"whiclTT'Ose_from"Jlll,S05 la ���"  1900 to $',24,3-13 fo.- the first nine months  of 1901; pig iron, from ?U_iG,0CS to $1,-  2."li,3l4, and nickel fiom $737,214 to  $756,626.  The postal authorities of Montreal  have commenced mi experiment by,  providing postmen with whistles, col  that people who would not otherwise  go to their doors will not delay the  postman on his rounds. In certiin sec- l  tlons of the city n, large percentage  of people a:e not provided with letter  boxes, and as they keep tholr doors  locked postmen cannot get In, as many  housewives think they nre only from  canvassers, collectors, and such like,  wiho are to be avoided If possible.' It  the experlinieii.t is n, success It will be  adapted in other large centres.  il  ti  ��� ���!  i*  I  ���*  CONCERT TO-NIGHT. .  The Savoy management wilt give tt  benefit to-night Iin the City hall for Una  sufferers of the Extension nnine _ disaster. It is for a laudable purpose, so ba  sure and buy a ticket. The entertainment will be iflrst-olass.  ���i__.M___ y__ii__-___iiTn_i_i  '# RECOGNITION.  ���Gow pentTc ia the soul lhat looKeth out  From wolet-J i>\\t_i_t tluough dim, blue, tearful  C.\ ���'���>,  That tuins a pleailfn^ face to loot about  And w itch tbe sun's course through the smilinf  bUtal  WTat depths of tenderness in that warm heart  'Jliat tells us fond lo\e In. the uolet'd breath.  Tint wiMiiinj; faith with no deuce of art,  Dec!jr.s a pjvsiou f.ir outlasting death 1  O Mother Nature, kind to every child  Lit-h-od   wiih  the  gift  of speech,  the gift of  Brace,  Teach tl.uu the modest violet, shy and wild.  To look with trust fui ne&a into my face  And k(\p my etrnplo thought the skill to know  What inaicliaiiKL.i^ hints between ns pans,  \\'\\\l Birt of joy it U tint thrills mu bu  ^liL'iif'-r I n'o blue Myl.ts in the firatM.  ���Iwa.; Itassctl Cliujte in Voi.th's Companion.  o  o  <���>  o  o  <-���>  9  :��.O:Q.O��:*O;��I<0j��s:>��?'9  A HONEYMOON |  INTERLUDE &   I  ...By Sydney Clive. ��  <fcJ��e��J��JO$e ��� 03-{H ��;��������.���>�������.���><��  Theyi wero very young, nnd tho girl,  In her Teuton fairness, was pretty nnd  ���fllonsa.it to look upon; also ilie had  thanked very uiccly when John Marais  hail put her bug on the rack, ami iu English.  Otherwise Morals would hare run the  risk of losing his train by getting out and  hunting for another carriage, for he had  a pioiib horror of honeymooning couples.  Iind he not in his many wanderings suffered much ut the hands of this paiufully  selfish race of human beings?  "Now wo nre en route for Munchen,"  ���observed the bridegroom, with a satisfied  smile, ns he sat down beside his wifo  ���nnd, with one nrm around her waist,  gazed out In jovial complacency nt the  uninteresting stretch of country which is  the order of tho day from Stomach to  the Bavarian capital, "nnd after that  Beilin. Oh, but what for a beautiful  and in tbe most sacred corner of tlio  Wind to be trcnsuied wedding journey  tire we to have. Still three weeks, my  heart's dearest, and then to lillierfcldi  must wo return. Will my little wife,  though to her happiness her husband  himself dedicates, it not dull liud?"  Tho little bride raised blue, worshiping eyes to her husbnnd's beaming  'Countenance.  "At   the train stops, nnd I go to  'buy refreshments." baid the Teutonic  ���husband, laughing contentedly. "I havo  a hunger, and thou"���  "I could eat grass," said the pretty little wifo with a tuneful laugh.   "Forget  not that it iB the  Brunswick sausage I  ;love���not the frankfurter."  John Marais attempted to bury hlm-  iself in n two days' old newspaper and  *to shut out the sound of the guttural  voice.   lie had nn respite, however, un-  'til  wns reached.  ���'.Tiieh he!" the German cried frollc-  >somcly. "For some food, heart's treasure.   I will select for you the best!"  "Thou wilt bring mo something good."  Then she turned to Marais.  "Do we wait long?" she nsked shyly.  l'I   believe  not,"   Enid   Marais.   "Your  husband will have to be quick."  ,    "The buffet is not very .far, I hope,"  ���-she   said,   leaning  out   of-the   window.  "Why," she turned n scarlet face toward  "her cc'iipanion, "we nre moving nlrendy."  "No. no, only shunting," answered Ma-  ' rals reassuringly, but the next instant he  "���had sprung to his feet nnd wus also at  the window.  "No, hy Jove," he said, "it's tho real  thing!   We're leaving!"  At first the little bride did not grasp  the situation; she only looked at the fast  vanishing station, but when in the far  .perbpective she behold her Fritz rush out  ���on the platform, waving what the bride  Tightly guessed to be a sausage and make  ���a futile dash for the train, then the real  tacts of the case dawned on her, nnd  Marais seized her unceremoniously by  the arm.  "Sit down!" he said imperatively. "Do  yon want to be killed? You would have  fallen out in another second."  "But my husband, my husband!" cried  the poor little bride, almost in hysterica.  *'He is there���left behind. I must join  him.   I must!"  "lie will join you nt Munich." said Marais.   "He will come on by n later train."  Tbe girl's tears were flowing fust now,  and John looked ut her iu helpless dittany.  "You must not take It so to heart," ho  said gently. "After all, it's only a very  slight contretemps, isn't it? Your husband will soon be with you, and then  you will both laugh at this as n good  joke. Come, dry your tears and allow  me to look after you till your rightful  .protector comes."  Tho  bride   stopped   erylng,   and   with  lips   tbat   still   quivered   endeavored   to  , thank him, and Marais, anxious to prevent a fresh occurrence of emotion, suggested that they should Ehare his lunch.  He did not wait for her to answer, but  ��� ui_strappcd"the luiicheoirbaskot"and_dis~  played a tempting array of dainties before  the  little  bride,   who gradually al  lowed herself to be coaxed into eating a  foie gras sandwich, then was lured on to  the more solid  vinuds and  finally made  an excellent meal,  much to Maruis' relief.  IIo succeeded In cheering the little  bride, who forthwith embarked ou an account of her life. She was in the midst  of a description of her future home nt  Elbefeldo when the train panted into the  huge Munich station, nnd n little shadow  chased the brightness from her cxprei-  slon ns sho remembered her desolat*  ���contlhion.  "I will put you Into a enh nnd see that  you are all right," said Marais klinll.i  as he helped his companion out. "I expect you will Cud a telegram from your  'husband at tbe hotel, and"���  "Jerthn, to think of my seeing you  ���here! Isn't this fortunate? Such a  ��hnnce. nnd I leave Munich tomorrow  and nm going to India soon, to goodness  known when we shall meet again! You  ���dear little thing'^���niid In u lower key���  "you must Introduce me to Herr Geinahl.  He doe-n't know English, docs he? How  very much better looking he la than his  photo. I should never have recognized  blm."  ��� The spenker was a tall, graceful English maiden, whose charming face wore  the prettiest smile aa she held out her  hand to Marais, nnd the latter mechanically took it. He looked at the littlo bride.  Should he or would Bhe explain the situation?  "And now you  must come and  have  -��agn��r with me." continued tbe stranger  happily, without allowing either o. them  to speak. "I've the deareit little Hat  here. You won't initid picnicking, will  you? I was so soiry I conliln'i come to  the wedding, Jeith.i, but it was impossible; 1 was finishing my picture. Yes,'  it's sold, and the papers have been  awfully kind to me."  "I���I don't think we can come to supper," besrnn Jerthn feebly. "Yon see,  Graeic, your���your Hat 13 so far from our  hotel, and"���  "Ah, that's unkind," said Grade, fixing  her beautiful eyes on the Herr Ueiunhl.  "I wish I spoke tlerman, but 1 can't���  only just a few wonk, or cl*;"���  "I���I know English," inti../��osed John  Alarms desperately,,  "Jertlia told me you didn't know a  word," nnsweicd Grade, laughing. "Yon  hare an excellent accent anil have learned  very quickly. 1 suppose," she added,  Willi n slight smile, "Jerlliii taught you?"  Again John lnuked at the bride anil.  Grade's attention at that moment being  taken ofT them, he spoke to Jerlha hurriedly, but emphatically:  "You must explain the situation," he  said. "Your friend takes mo for your  husband.    Pi ay, tell her that"���  "Oh," whimpered the bride disconsolately, "she will think It so silly! Pray,  do not deceive her. What does it matter  to you? You will never see her again,  and���when I can have my Fritz ilien I  can explain, but nut now. And you will  uoier see her again."  This harping on the one string distinctly  irritated Marais, and he was about to retort when Grade joined them.  "I must leave ymi, then," sho said,  "uuless you will tnke me part of my way  in your droschke. Jertlia anil I were such  friends"���she turned to Marais���"that  you will excuse my breaking in on your  honeymoon. You see, I am sailing for India very soon, and goodness knows when  we shall meet again."  "I am only too pleased," said Marais,  with truth. He sat opposite the- two girls  and contrasted in his mind the delicate,  high bred grace of the one with tlie  plump, flaxen haired prcttiness of the  other. He noticed tbat Grade did most  of the talking. Jerthn was obviously ill  at ease, and once Marais detecteil the  English girl gazing at him thoughtfully,  and he read her glnnces aright.      ..  "She thinks I am not kind to the little  thing," he said to himself. "Dear me,  this is a nice situation to be in."  When the droschke stopped for Grade  to alight, Marais suddenly sprang out  and stood ready to assist her.  She gave him her hand, and as for nn  instant they stood side b.v side on the  pavement she spoke to him in a low  voice.  "You have won a treasure," she said  wistfully. "I hope you will appreciate  it."  Marais only' pressed her hand, but said  nothing, and Grade walked nway. nut satisfied with the future that lay befoie her  f i lend.  "You have been most good to me," said  the little bride when John deposited her  at the hotel. "In my husband's name, as  well n�� mine, I thnnk you." ���'  "You will let me know how the thing  stands. You will write to her?" said  John eagerly.  "To Grade? Oh. It does not matter,"  replied Jertlia comfortably. "You sec,  she is going to India almost at once."  "Commend me to n newly married woman for utter selfishness," muttered Marais as she walked nway. "I wonder  shall Grade and i ever meet again?"  Fate answered that question some  months later.  John had spent the time In India, scouring the country in feverish fashion, hunting for the woman he knew but as  "Grncie."  His efforts were unsuccessful, and he  returned home in disgust. On the second  day after his arrival in town he met her  iu Kensington gardens.  Instantly she enme up to him with out-  ���tretched friendly hand, nnd he realized  that the abominable little bride had not  enlightened her.  "And what are you doing in London?"  one asked, "nnd���aud where is Jerthn?"  .Marais lost his temper, but kept n firm  hold of the slender lingers Gracie tried to  release.  "I don't know," he said, "and I don't  enre, und I never nuw her but that once  in my life, and"��� He plunged into the  story. Gracie listened with mingled astonishment and amusement.  "You might have told me." she Bald  reproachfully. "It wns unkind to take  me In."  Marais confessed his fault, only too  happy to be gently chided by this will  o' the wisp that' he had persistently  chased. The walk���prolonged for three  delicious hours in the gardens���was evermore one of Marais' most blissful recollections.  "And so you know India." snid Gracie.  "I've spent most of my life there. Did  yon go for tiger hunting or"���  "No," said Marais boldly, and he  caught her hands in his, "I went to hunt  ���for you."  "Ach," observed Fritz to his wife soma  weeks later, "it is a romance, the marriage of your friend! And to us they can  grateful be.   Is it not so, little wife?"  And "little wife," after the fashion of  'he Teutoiiicwomau.-agreed."���Traveler.-  SENDS HIS BILLS TO THE MEN.  4 MiopKrupur U li�� found 'Hint Ihey raid  .llort> I'i our |it Ij Ihuti tho M'umcn.  "Theie is a innn in .in eastern city  who docs a huso business in babies'  dresses, and clotliiny for very young  children," writes Edward Holt, in  The Ladies'   Home Journal. "Ho  in.ikes and sells nothing else. Ills  trade is utmost entirely \Mtli women, lip to within three yc.irs ago  he would .semi out to his customers  bills niiiountiim to as much as $10.-  ODD. In six months' time he would  nemo loss lli.in .>;i,OIM) 111 rutin u.  Yet Ins customers ull 'stood well  mill ��ere consiileieil women of easy I  menus.    Then   he ilelil.ehitcly than  NEW ZEALAND WOMEN  PHYSICALLY THE VERY FLOWER OF  THE BRITISH COLONISTS.  The Uie They Have Hade of the Suffrage  ���91 Per Cent, of lliogti EufranellUeri  Voted at tlio First Election���Now Tliey  Are Olio ot tho .lion. IntelUgunt Voting  ClamoH ln tho World.  As in Hawaii, the     flrst civilized  women     who    visited New Zculand  ! were the wives of missionaries   sunt  out from New Mouth Wales, and sub-  ! ieiiuently    from     luiglnnd.       These  ed bis methods of rendering bills. Ho' pioneer     women    endured  hardships  went nwr bis bonks ami found    that i from which  thu.se      who spent  their  lives in Iluwuli were .spui'cd. Thu  Maoris, or aborigines, among whom  they lived, were u warlike people,  uml from 181-1 until their llnul submission hostilities were ulwuys imminent, massacres occuring iu which  neither aye nor sex wus spared.  As  it  was    u long     voyage from  I'opulur i hriHtfuii Nnmt'8.  Some romantic parents love to  christen their infants with hii>li-  f.iliilin' mimes. Uoligious parents  si.'.irch tho Scriptures before the baptismal ceremony. Parents in search  of a fortune will label their luckless  babes with the surnames of tlio expected testator. But, ncvcrlhuless,  the list of common Englis.i Christian names is a. very small cnc.  Out of every hundred fathers and  mothers of male children some eighty-four limit their choice to fifteen  familiar names.  The favorite name is undoubtedly  William. In all ranks of society ���  in the peerage ns in tbe workhouse-  William is the commonest of male  Christian  mimes.  .Stop the fust thousand men you  meet in tho street���no fewer than  170 are Williams. A long wn'- behind come the Johns, closely followed by the Geoie.es. Of every thousand men ninety-four are called John  and ninety-two Georgo.  The next commonest is Thomas,  which bus seventy-four owners, while  James claims soventy-two. Henry  and Harry botiveeu them, are seventy in number. Of these about one  in four     has received the name    of  ��� |  he had some SI-.000  world of    un  paid     accounts.       lie mado out tin  bills,   anil  addressed   them  to      lni.v  build-,     or  fathers  of  his  customers,  directing    the    bills to their olllces, j  Within    sixty    days he bad icceived.  $0,000     in     checks.     His  invariable!  rulo now is to send nil liis bills      toi  tlm husbands, fathers or male mom-' England, only the most enterprising  l.ers of his customers' families. When j womun'liud the'eourugu to emigrate,  no male member exists be insists and this, undoubtedly, had Its client  upon a cash transaction." upon the present British population,  who. men und women both aro the  vury Mower of the liritish colonists.  Thoy aro surprisingly tall, athletic,  with fresh, rosy complexions, nnd  notwithstanding the enormous qtiun-  tities of tea they consume, strong  as lye, in huge cups, morning, noon  and night.  Ilecuuse of their  fewness,   tlie  women of New     Zealand were treated  ! with distinguished favor, nnd    their  children     and     grandchildren    liave  reaped tho     benefits.    The universities have     been co-educational     for  many years,     awarding women    decrees with a justice thut Oxford and  I Cambridge might well emulate. Thero  1 ure several clever young women cm-  ' ployed upon the colonial newspapers,  while others are making their    way  I in otlier professions, notably that of  ��� medicine.  In  18'J3,  after     several    years of  persevering work, the bill legalizing  universal    suffrage     was passed.    A  franchise league, of which Mrs. Dal-  dy of Auckland     was president    and  i Mrs.   Kitson secretary,   was  the mc-  I dium through which the preliminary  I work was carried on.  I     One   of tlio leaders of the suffrago  movemont     was Lady Annie Stout,  ' the wife of the chief justice. On the  day of the first election Lady Stout  Harry at  the  baptismal  font.    Foi- | ��'"<-'<tted as  an election judge,    sit-  lowing     them come Frederick    with I tintr " dav in tlle polling booths in  fifty-seven;   Charles,   with  lifty-eight;   one of  the worst  districts  of Dune-  Alfred      with  forty-five,  and"Albert   din'   "'here she  then  resided.     It is  some  ways  behind,  with  thirty-one.   a remarkable fact that of tlio total  sities of Sydney and Melbourne, being students in their own colleges, a  recognized part of each foundation;  and they receive tho same degrees as  are conferred upon tlio students ' of  the other sex.  0 ���   When the Kim- l'ald Toll.  His Majesty has never been a defendant in a police court ��� not even  as the owner of a smoky chimney ���  but the King has paid a fine for trespassing. When an inidcrgratluato at  O.xford tlio Prince of Wales was a  grout huntsman, and fow mon could  Lent him across country. On ono occasion Ills Royal Highness and some  other riders galloped into a farni-  ynrd b.v way of a short cut. Tho  farmer, a sturdy yeoman, closed tho  gates nnd told the huntsmen they  must pay ��1 apicco for trespass, (hie  of the gentlemen smiled indulgently  at the rustic nnd said: "Hut, my  good man, this is tho Prince of  Wales." Tho good man was in no  way abashed, nnd retorted: "Prince  or no Prince, I'll havo my money."  And ho pot it.���London Tit-Bits.  TWO GREATEST LONDONS.  One _fl lu Hnglalltl Hint tho Oilier lu Ontull*  ���SimU.irltv Jlelween tho lvo 1'l.toe.  ��� \irrk Hum Most Nairn'Miltm.. I  ���London Tit-Bits.  Some Flower Beente.  To the vast majority of people the  scent of (lowers is simply a pleasure nnd  produces no physical or psychological  effect. But there are people so constituted that the smell of certain Dowers  has a peculiar effect upon them. To some  Ihe scent of hyacinths is most objectionable, and their odor produces raininess In  others. It Is said that Catherine- de'  Medici could not endure the sight or  smell of a rose, nnd Cnrdinnl Guise Iind  n like antipathy to (he quern of flowers.  With some the scent of (lie mnrshinal-  low Dower Is said to cause hysteria and  the odor of lilies fends to melancholy:  while the acrid smell of ihe marigold induces Irritability. The''old Idea wns that  the odor of violets encouraged cheerfulness, and rosemary nml lavender nre still  u'.ed by old fashluned people in the country an safeguards against infection nnd  "lo keep the moths out." A common  form of antipathy to certain plants Is the  nbhorrenco with which many people regard any form of fungi. They feel a  positive shrinking from this form of vegetable growth and would ns soon touch a  fungus as tbey would a snake.  QuG.tiolm ll'i.rlli Con<.iiU>riilion.  l.cv.  Mark Guy I'earse asks:  "Is it too much to hope that the  time will conic when men in whom  arc many instincts that are noble and  generous, shall feel thnt it is a moan  and miserable thing to iind their  pleasure in excessive drinking, muddling their brains, degrading their  manhood, and unfitting themselves  for their best work?  "Is it too much to hope that the  time will soon come when fathers  and husbands shall feel it an utterly  shameful thing to spend in their own  self-indulgence which might add  largely to the comforts of home; to  the benefit of tho children, as well as  providing for times of sickness and  old age?  "Is it too much to hope that tho  time will come when either as manufacturers or shareholders, men shall  lefuso to fatten upon the miseries of  their fellow-men and to make a fortune out of that which produces such  widespread destitution and anguish,  such want and curse? For that day  let us hope. For that day work. For  that day let us pray."  St. I.tinix I'xponition iiulldings.  Brief and to tbe Point.  "Blinks has a peifect mania for condensing everything. Did you hear how  he proposed?  "No."  "He held up an engagement ring before  tho girl's eyes and said 'Eh?* "  "And what did she Bay?'       , ���  "flb* just nodded."  The principal buildings for the St.  Louis exposition, ns oilicially decided  upon, will in many cares be linger  than buildings constructed for similar purposes at previous expositions.  There is to be an agricultural building, 700 by 2,000 foot;* a manufacturer.,' building, 000 Dy GOO feet; a  liberal arts building, 600 by 1,200  feet; a social economy building, 550  b.v 700 feet; a transportation building, 600 b.v 1,200 tect: an education  building, 550 by 700 feet; an art  building, ,'!00 by ii00 feet, with two  wings, each 200 by'300 foot; aminos  and metallurgy building, 600 by ],-  200 feet; an electricity building, 600  by 550 fool, and a government building to cover 100,000 square feet.  The estimated cost of these buildings  is $7,000,000. To these will probably bo added buildings for fish and  fisheries, for machinery, for forestry  nnd_for_]iortIcultuieT=-WorIt_of de^"  signing buildings whose dimensions  nro given litis been assigned to architects, and, as in otlier expositions,  the preliminary plans will be compared to secure harmony in design.  Vi'ry CurifHiM.  The Yale liecord reports that "an  unknown friend" has lately presented  some choice specimens to the 1'cn-  bocly Museum. A few of them nre as  follows:  A wug from tlio "Talc of Two  Cities," some water from "all's  well," the rollers from the "shades  of evening," a drink from(.u "sandbar," a rocker from the "cradle of  the deep," a free lunch from the  .Sandwich Islands.  3!(mnln�� of Chllopnily.  It would be interesting, at least  to n philologist, to iind out why It  ls that chiropody lias come to mean  only the cure of the feet. Chiropody's true meaning is the care of the  hands and feet, for it is derived from  tho Greek nouns cheir, the hand,  and pous, the foot. Everywhere,  though, chiropody is used with reference (to the feet alone, while manicuring relates lo tbe hands.  When Clmrni 1l��.��tK cliarm.  Mr. Jackson ���,1 done hub my rabbit's foot erlong. but she give mo de  niabblo beaht, Jos' same!  _\lr. Johnson ��� Mcbbo sho done dab  her rabbit's foot erlong, too!  number of women enrolled at the  first election after they were enfranchised over 91 per cent, voted.  After tlie suilrage bill was passed  the franchise league disbanded, but  reorganized immediately under tho  title of the Woman's Political Education League. Systematic study of  political questions was taken up,  and the result has been one of the  most intelligent voting classes in the  world. As to the result, its entire  success may be inferred from tho  fact that a few years ago one solitary member rose in Parliament to  move the abrogation of the law; he  could not got a.seconder, and sat  down amid roars of laughter; it was  the death of opposition to woman  suffrage.  'llie women of Australia are somewhat, more conventional than thosu  of Now Zealand; and, to the casual  observer, the intellectual average  does not appear to be so high. The  first comers, however, who did not  reside in the towns, roughed it in  the bush with fathers, husbands and  brothers, sharing their privations  and over-present danger of attacks  from the savage black.fellows, nnd  the still more savage bushrangers,  or outlaws, who were generally escaped convicts from the penal colonies.  As the country became more thickly-settled and comforts und even  luxuries were possible, life upon the  shoe)) and cattle, ranges improved.  The most open-bunded hospitality  prevailed, anil still prevails; large  house, parties were entertained, especially at Christmas nnd Easter,  which were observed us generally as  at home���a ' word that the English  colonists always write with a capital letter. Native servants were not  always to bo relied upon, and others  were diilicult to iind, and the Australian girls became, through necessity, expert in domestic arts.  Frank and unspoiled, they were  admirable companions, generous and  warm-hearted, through the exigencies of a situation where people were  thrown together with greater intimacy than is possible in older  countries. As much of the con-  _timial_visiUng_was-dono-on���horseback, Australian women living upon  the ranges, young and old, were  bold and fearless riders.  Australia is somewhat behind Now  Zealand In the adoption of progressive ideas; but cijual suffrage is already guaranteed, being supported by  the ablest men and women in tho  Colony.  Women are admitted to tbe univar-  Tho Subjection et Man.  "No, I never have a bit of trouble  with my husband," remarked the frail  tittle woman with the intelligent face.  "In fact, I have him right under my  thumb."  "l'ou don't look very strong," doubtfully commented the engaged girl.  "You mistake me, my dear. "It's a  mental, not a physical, subjection."  "Would you mind telling me how"���  "Not a bit. Always glad to help nny  one steer clear of the rocks. First of  all, you must know that a man in love  Is the biggest Bort of a fool and says  things that make him almost wild when  be hears them in after life. I realized  It, and from the very beginning of our  courtship I kept a phonograph in tho  room, nnd,every speech be made was  duly recorded. Now. whenever my husband gets a llttlo bit obstreperous I Just  turn out a record or so. Heavens, bow  he does rave! But ho can't deny lt  They always will, though, If Jou don't  have proof positive."  "Thank you," gratefully murmured  the engaged girl. "I'll get a phonograph this very day."  BU Prlie.  An amusing story, which may perhaps he entirely true, is told of a shortsighted but energetic member of tbe  Russian secret police.  He was walking through a little frequented street of St. Petersburg one  night when he spied high up on a lamppost a placard.  "Aha!" he said to himself, scenting  mischief on the Instant and alert for  action. "That's one of those Incendiary  notices about his majesty the czar! It  must come down at once!"  With some dlfllculty, being of a stout  build, he succeeded in climbing the post  and dislodging the placard. He bore it  to the ground, and there, peering at It  by the light of the lamp, he read two  Russian words, tho English equivalent  to_���> which la the well known legend  "Wet Paint."���Youth's Companion.  A Wife'* Allon-ance.  It Is one of the most humiliating ele  ments in woman's life in America today und one of the phases which Is  most uncompllmentarlly reflective upon  American husbnnds that �� just allowance Is withheld from many wives,  No matter how small the allowance  may be, so long as It Is fair In proportion to the Income earned, every wife  should have a purse of her own, sacred  to herself nnd her needs and free 'from  the slightest intrusion on tbe part of  her husband. Every wife Is entitled to  this, and no young man���I care not  how small his Income nor what his  reasoning may be���starts married life  aright who withholds that courtesy and  that right from bis wife'.���Edward Bok  lu Ladies' Home Journal  Tho Tired Farmer.  "Yen, sir, you simply start our auto;  mobile plow and leave it to Itself while  you sit on the fence here in the shade  and enjoy your weekly paper and a Jug  of hard cider. The plow will go right  ahead and break up your field better  than you could possibly do It, and when  lt has finished all you have to do Is to  press tbe button here and stop It."  ."Wnul, say, couldn't you flx It so's It  ���would kind o' steer up here close to the  fence, so's I could press the button  without    gittln'    down?"  Teaclilns a Door.  To teach a dog to "speak" hold some  dainty before him when be Is hungry.  At llrst he will uot know what Is want;  ed, but say "Speak!" to him, nnd when  he darks, which he Is pretty sure' to do  when he finds the morsel still beyond  bis reach, feed .It to him at once.' He  will soou associate the work "speak"  with the bark and the dainty.   ��� ���  Scarborough is ut this present nio-  uieia enjoying a temperatuiu of some  eighty degnes in the shade. Palms  and ginnt ferns, orungu orchards  and banana, plantations, environ it,  uud its streets ure crowded with  guily-clro.ssi;d swarms of jabbering  negroes ami negrosses.  Of course, though, the particular  Scarborough relerred to Is not tho  fumous Yorkshire watering pluce,  but the other town of that numu iu  thu West Indies, the capital of tho  island of Tobugo. o  in Massachusetts', U. S. A., Is a  Shullleld wlieru they aku knives, lt  consists of ono long street, shut lu  and overshadowed by lofty hills,  down which tumble imiunicrnblo cascades, Up till about ten years ugo  the town had no industries. Then,  ono day, an enterprising citizen suggested that they should apo tlieir  prosperous British progenitor, using  the water power ready to hand. No  sooner said than done; und to-day  the Amorlcan Uhelllold lias over a  score of forges going, and turns out J  some thousands of blades overy* '  week. Up to tho time of writing,  however, it is'not on record that  .Sheffield, Yorkshire, is in anywise  disturbed owing to tho competition  of Shellleld,  U. S. A.  There aro thirty-two Londons> in  tlio world, somo of them places of '-  considerable importance. Tho best  known of them all is London, Ont.,  Canada, with a population, including the suburbs, of fifty thousand  souls. It is situated on tho Oliver  Thames, which is spanned by a  Westminster and a Blnckfriurs  Bridge; und it also possesses a  Hydo Park, a Covent Garden,' a  Crystal Palace, a Tower of London,  a'St. Taul's Cathedral, and a Pall  Mall,  Piccadilly and  Chcapside.  There are not many Instances of  a foreign town outstripping its British namesake in wealth and . importance; but one sucji is afforded  by Boston, in America, which- has  grown to be more than fifty times  the size of Boston, in Lincolnshire.  Yarmouth *has ono solitary namesake. It is situated in Maino, U.  .S. A., and thero is not a herring  within five hundred miles of it. Bath  gives its name to nn important seaport in the same State; also to nine  other >places in America, and one in  Tasmania. Thero are exactly a  round dozen of Bristols in tho various quarters of the globe, in addition to the one in Gloucestershire.  The Canterbury in New Zealand is  familiar nowadays by name to most  people, owing to its being the  headquarters of the frozen meat  trado; but thero are, in addition,  seven places of that name in the  world. Winchester, once tho metropolis of England, gives its name to  but ono littlo American hamlet of  about twenty log cabins, hidden  away in the backwoods of Michigan.  .Windsor is the capital of Hampshire, in Nova Scotia;' and there are  fourteen Windsors in tho United .  States, two in Canada, and one in  New South .Wales. " Thero are no  fewer than sixteen Oxfords'in America, eight Exeters, seven Bradfords,  and four rreslons.  The Irish-Americans have given  the name of Erin's capital to no  fewer than seventeen villages und  hamlats .in the land of-their adoption; while Edinburgh, curiously enough, considering the Scots' passion '  for wandering abroad, can boast of  but one namesake in the wide world,  a tiny village in the Canadian wil- . .  derness. Leeds has four towns called after it ��� two in the United  States, and two in Canada. ' Thero  are six Glasgow's ��� three in tho  United States, ono in Canada,"', one  in Prince Edward's Island and one  in Nova Scotia. In the latter island, also, is a Liverpool, on "a Mersey Hiver, a well and regularly built  town; and thero is another in New <  South Wales, not iar from Sydney.  Of tho 10 Brightons of the world, the  only ono anywhere near the sea is r  tho original one in Sussex, although j  ono . of them ��� that in Munroe  County, Now York State ��� has a  suburb called Kemp Town,'and'another (also In America) has recently  had a municipal wrangle with* " its  neighbor���Hove., ���, .  .Of all English cities, however,  ��� York can boast of by far the largest  family of namesakes, tlicre being no  fewer thnn eighty-six places, big and  little,  called after it.���Answers.  Answers is incorrect in saying  thero is only one namesake Yarmouth, and that it is in Maine, for  there is one in Canada iu tlio Province of Nova Scotia.  '   Sir Thomai.  Sir Thoniaj fccli full confident  He'll lilt tlie good cup from ue  Whatever else thli mon may be,  lie'* not a doubting Ttioma*  Dlnhcnrtcnlnff Discovery.  Nothing worries n girl more than to  discover that the man after her.own  heart Isn't after It nt all.  Afid it Cures Them of Coughs, Colds, Croup, Bronchitis,  Sore Throat and Whooping Cough.  Because it contains turpentine srme people imagine that Dr. Chase's Syrup of Linseed and Turpentine is  disagreeable to the taste. On the contrary, it is sweet and palatable, and children lovo to take it. They  soon learn that, besides being pleasant to take, it brings immedialo relief to soreness, irritation and inflammation of the throat nnd lung!.1. At Mi> season of the year all mothers desire to havo in tho houso'somo reliable medicine to give when the children catch colds, or awake In the'nlglil with tho hollow, croupy cough  which strikes a chill- to every mother's heart. You can rely absolutely on Dr. Chase's Syrup of Linseed aud  Turpentine.     It has stood the test.        . l  DR. CHASE'S SYRUP OF  There arc other preparations of linseed and turpentine put up In imitation of Dr. Chase's. Bo sure the  portrait nnd signaturo of Dr. A. W. Chase aro on the bottle you buy. "23 cents a bottle; family size, three  times as much, GO cents.' All dealers or Kdmanson, "Bates & Co., Toronto. '���      ,  -���3~7i'TTT FOOD C03TOF PORK. _  Inteicfitin,; txperimuiil ( nmluolt. t bjMli*-  ^Oltami Kxptrlliu ntiil 1 iinu St Itloli  ��� Ihu NlC l.e.ulm  This subject will tie of unusual interest lo our leaders this icar, and  we iherefoie^take plr-asiue, in giving  them results of experiment* i" ude at  the Ottawa station dining llie past  jear, for tlie puipose of ascertaining  how cheaply poi k could ne made iu  the eail'cr stages fiom the loeds- 'c'n  baud. Ue hu\e not space to givc^  the lie1 ails, but niciely the lesults  Tne pigs weie fed on clovci    pus-  tuio    and grain     'Ihey weighed    00  pom (It, and weie bought ut S3 ."i0 per  dean.    All the expel iinents figuied at  ., $0 pi r huntlied    weight, this    bc,iig  I   ) the iiM'inne    price    of tlie    dllloront  lots 'J he cost of piiMluilicin was  51.20 per hundred. They weie fed  one-half coin ami the otlier half outs,  peas and bin ley iu equal pints, the  iivi'inge price of which mis DO ceuU  per h.'iulied weight on the nitiikot. *  Six pigs averaging T!) piiunds in  weight and costing ^1.50 eatli, or nh  in tho case of tie ubo'e 01 cents  per poun^l, wero fed on stean.cd clov-  er and grain together with tho meal,  ns nbo\e t-tutod, mid sold .it ilie  above mimed pi ice per bundled  , weight The totr.1 cost was $2.ci.'l  per hundi'cJ weigl t  Tn llie f6l'!..Cl' C .- Lilmcnt (he   pigs  were chained with half an acre     of  clover pastuiu ot t<!) per ntie,    uvi-  11>   '     deiitlv moie limn they could u.so, ln-  \f\ creasing the cost     In this case tliey  weie dunged with lluco-quat tors of  a ton of clo\tr at fj per ton. This,  wo think, gees far to nccoi nt for tlie  appaient inconsistent between the  two e\peiiinents - Ue would call the  spicial attention of our leadois who  are shoit on giain lo the low food  cost of pigs on clovci  and --,1.1111  Six pigs of the '-11111c wen,'it ^nd  pi ice wore fed on nu'igols and the  Mime grain, the foimer at S- per  ton nnd the latter at the pi ice named, 'llie ccst of prodi'itum 111 this  case was S- 87 per hiu.dicd pounds  of pork Anot hei lot of pigs of the  .same weight '.mil pi ice weie fed on  grain alone, nnd the pi ice of producing poik from thorn wns J..J 0,'i  Another lot of si\, aveioging 4:1  pounds 111 weight and costing S3  enrh, weie fed on skim mill. At lii  cents per bundled weight and giain  at 00 cents, and produced poik nt a  cost of S2 24 per hiindicd weight '  This is the cheapest poik pioduction  in the above o.xpcuments and those  that follow It must be borne in  mind, however, that these pigs were  of considerable lighter weight and  henco would make greater gains for  the food consumed than the heavier  weights. Skim milk and giain weie  fed in proportion of ]8 to 20  Another lot of fi-\c pigs weighing  120 pounds and puichased at S?7 .10  each weie fed on giain alone thieo  tunes a day. ��� These produced pork  at a cost of $3.28 per hundred  weight  Still nnotder lot of five pigs,  weighing ��18 pounds and bought at  "$0 each, weie fed on giain alone  with a self feeder and produced pork  nt a food cost of ��3 37 per bundled  weight . ,   .  Tt will bo scon from the above that  the best results weie obtained fiom  steamed clover aud grain, and from  giain and skim mill;,'considering  that tho Jatter weighed 43 pounds  and the foimer 73,'theie is apparently litlle difference between the feed  cost of theso two .lots To this, there-  foic, we invite the especial attention  of our dniiymen and.fnrmeis who  havo clover hnv that they can use  for pig feeding this year  [  _  Door foi   Hue House.  The advantage of having a door to  a hog house_tlint mll.nlwujs be closed will be leatlily seen The cut  ��� shows a door that has been 111 sei-  vice for years,and found entiicly satisfactory It is made of one-inch  boaids and 2J feet squate It is  lunged at the top (a) and mndo to  swing both ways, out,and in. At the  bottom, two by* fouis (B) aie -spiked  *       -;  1    -  ��� 1  j    \  DOOR FOR ItOO HOUSE,  on and rojindcd .off at tho . bottom  edge     A pin'(C) inserted^* in 1 'the  - frame will hold the door shut when  desired, njjd a,post (D) .with-a(row  of holes <it"varying heights in which  to insert aj pin. will' allow., tho \door  to swing open only so far. This will  ���a!low-tho-pas_,ago of only-tho���little  pigs if it is wished!to1 keep '_the  largei hogs'in the houso. 1 The'heavy  two by fours at thet botto.m ^al the  door .will keop^he door closed.��_ Tho  hogs, .will soon-lcai'n to'opora& tho  door..'���'j i\\,< ' 'j- *'!.'.. ,"X \ ,  <!v       , -    ���   ''   VC,    .  It rHjrlta*K��p Account!.  The expensed, and^receipts fiom nn-  imnls nie unknown'to"somc farmers.  It is estimated thnt it reriulies four  ucies to Keep a con>jan'd\tho~value of  the land as rent* should'be 'charged  against her ,ns so much expense,  willed she'must pay bofor'o lief milk  will givo a prolit On (ho other side,  a co)vr tt'ill_lca\o n_)e>utv$10 ,v.'orth of'  inanurai 'on tho'four acres,'. *'-which  should be deducted from tho lent  charges. Vtylei^ st'i let qccounts'f'ore  kept of all expense* thcfarm'efii'will  then know which animals aro paying  nnd which nro not even supporting.  . ..I* t   1  To lonl tlm rollltr).  Seeding tho ynrtls" to whoaf or  rye and crimson clover will help to  keep the .flocks oft the wdeut fields  if they lmpp6n'to near the hennery.  Dwarf Essex rape seed ls cheap and  it is not too'lnte to sow this ��� nB, a  protcctio_}(,,to ' UiO(flpl^,4rnin, ,,^A,  plentiful'supply 1 of green stuff.Vsavcs  grain and is conduclvo to the health  of thn flocks.���Farm Journal.  SUNSHINE FOR HOGS.  PoinU to Consider In Coiiftructluc Ineide  Arrangement of J'en��, -  Why is it that the nature of the  hog das been so misunderstood? He  does not thrive on filth, his-pen and  his food should be clean, and there  is one other point that has been too  often lost sight of, his pen should not  be dnik and dismal Tbe hog likes  sunlight. The Maryland expenment  s l all on says that the hog is nn animal to which sunshine is ju.st as essential us it is to the corn plant.  Neither com nor pork can be successfully produced without plenty of .sunshine, ln this latitude and fui ther  north this sunshine in winter will  have to be bioi.ght into the pons  through glass, but faither south,-under noimal conditions, r it Is only  necessary to face tho pen to the  .south, allow the sun's rays to reach  the back of the pen on the beds and  .���ne good shelter and protection from'  the north and west winds. In constructing the hog pen for the station,  the following points have been ob-  sened: (1) It is fated to tho touth  so ns to permit the "rays of tlio sun  to .shine upon tho Lcds of the pigs at  tho Ckticiro icar end of the pen 111  the winter ������oason and also lo give  shade in that portion in summer. (2)  Tho lattice construction l.elv ecu tho  pens ut the ends and icr.r in'mit of  n freo cuculntlon of ,ur In warm  wether. (3) 'llie Icc.i.ion of the  manure pit 111 the centio und below  tho level of tho sleeping i-id feeding  floors, with all t'-e ilirirngc Lclow  it.Miids matciiulh In ikuniuiniiig a,  proper samtniv condition (4)  S��inning gates close (he , Igs into  their beds win e the .iniimc is being  loaded. (">) 'i lie maiiuio pit is condoled, which rn idles ihe Mi\itip of  all liquid inciei.ie^nt which, with tho  pig, amounts to ."il per cent, of the  total manuic value (15) Feed bins  nro placed 111 front of each pen, which  facilitates feeding and onnblcs keeping Oiffeient feeds for each pen if  desired. Some of these requirements  iraiv seem pretty 1 ice for fwme according to the old ideas, but they,  nre coircct und nnpoitnnt to success  in raising tlie hest poik.  HAMPSHIRE SHEEP.  Polots of  Excellenca of IhU Bread Cob-  ildrred���A sheep That I'roduce* Great  Ouniultlei of Lean Aleut.  We are now living in an age when  all classes like the best meat and the  PASTURE LANDS.  Some Method! anil 'Meanr dj Whioh Thoy  Ma;   lie Improied.  Tor the best results in farming  where stock is kept, whether of cowa  or other animals,  theie should     be  most lean in it    In my opinion, th.it i G0��n pastures     The bettei   tbey are  is supplied by the puie bred Hampshire Downs, which if carefully bicd,  arc e\tiemely hardy and .it tlie same  time get fat as quickly as many others, very different from the old  llninpsline of fifty jears ago. Some  poisons may say they eat so much  looel and icqulre a long tunc 111 getting fat, says 11 ���! Ho\ridgc iu I 011-  don Live Stock Journal. Do notfoi-  get this, thnt when ripe nothing  weighs so well and no class makes ns  much per pound If you believe in a  cross, let it bo a Down owe and Cots-  wold ram. I linic known j roduco  from tins .strain scale 130 pounds at  sixteen months old. You get plenty  of le.m 111c it.  When selecting nuns do not forgot  that a well 1 ut on shoulder is n very  li'ii'yiL.iit    point,     let the rum  re-  ATTHF PAN-AM.  Somo Potuta   About   tlio   Lending  Cow In  llie  UoiU.l llulrj. k        t  The cow illustrated dcie was tho  leading cow 111 the model dairy at  the Paii-Amei lean Exposition, whore  10 dairy and genoiiil purposo" breeds  are represented, and is the Guernsey,  'SInry Marshall, \o 5G04. She was  tied and is owned by Ezra Alichener  of Pennsylvania She was born April  21), 1891, and (hopped her last calf  LF.API.\C! COW IS THE MODEL DAIRY.  April 13, 1<)01. As seen.in the abovo  lllustiation. sl.e is a giund type of  dairy cow. Her best week's iccoid  of milk 111 the model dany was 294  pounds 7 ounces for the week ended  Mnj 2S. Hei milk analyzed 4.75  per cent buttei tat After being 111  milk neaily five months she gave for  the week ended September 17, 3 80 8  pounds milk, containing 5 8 per cent,  butter fat. - ~  A Moul About oueens  Says Dr. C C Miller 111 Gleanings  in Beo-Cultuie "Longevity in bees is  comu g to the front Assuming that  in haivost tunc a worker li\cs six  weeks, and goes alield wheu 1(3 .la>s  old, 11 its life weie piolongcd a week  it could stoic 27 per cent more. If  one queen lives twice ns long as another, will not her^woikors live ut  loust a little longer' Is it not possible th.it, by pioper selection continuously es-crciscd, we might add  that week to the life of the woikei?  If we could ndd a sixth to the summer life, that ought to add a .sixtli to  its winter life.' In that case, a bee  born Oct. 1, which now lives till  April 1, would live till May 1���quito  a help, in the wintering problem. Another .thing: We can tell better what  a queen is by two or three seasons'  woik than we can by a single season's work Tho one that shows  hei self best for three seasons is n  safe one to breed fiom.-I have queens  born 111 1897 that aro among tho  best���one of them, I think, the very  best I have." While this is true, tho  average cjueen, I think, would better  be displaced in two years ' by a  young ono! remarks the editor of tho  Dec Journal. ,  YI Allir.V, '. .Ml'-illl'". ,'OWV RAM. ."  [An I'n.'l'.Ii pil/e win or ]  bemblu a good iliay horse If you  get a pl.vn, uptight shoulder, they  never get the libs i.^ht, besides doing conisc', li.nd feedeis \\hen you  turn out the i.im, put not mote tl'nn  fifty ewes Do not liouble icspccting  the cues stinting pool, but afterward keep them gi.uluallj impioviiig,  but don't get them too fat befoie  lnmbing. You will generally, then,  hu\o a good icar of lambs, much  should bo taught to eat as soon as  possible in pens in Tiont of tho  mot'ieis. I do not advise too many  roots befoie lambing. Do nut cub  tliem more than a fortnight before  lambing and a week after It has a  tendency towuid milking them feverish ns well ns causing foot lot Cot  them away foity in a pen and sepa-  i.xte singles from ^doubles One cardinal point is this Only after pio-  trnctcd labor render assistance I,  believe that is the cause of great  losses with owes and lambs. Let ratine have her course unless you aio  compelled to gi\e assistance  When lambs 01 e a month old, givo  them a little hay, also peas or mai/o  and cake. Often it is cxtinordin.ary  what thev will eat after taking to it,  which habit is best acquned by fecd-  ni'I them with veiy little and ire-  quently Nothing pays for attention  in tins way so much as lambs. Xev-  ei put ewes and lambs on a stale  pastme or aftermath I have oiten  witnessed the most disnstious lesults  from this I.ciuo that to tho ewes  nftei weaning When a lamb is weaned, feed some nice vetches befoie  blossoming or sainfoin, second ciop  (if not blighted), following on with  thousand headed kale or cabbage  Penned on nights for two or thice  weeks, they aie rcndcicd fit for turnips and swedes without incuuing  the dnnejer of killing them, which is  frequently the case when weak lambs  go straight to tin nips or swedes  Some of my faiming friends say  ITampshiies have no wool 'I do not  consider thnt of much consequence nt  its picsent value Pnmo mutton Is  what is wanted, full of lean meat, 111  tho present age.   <  i ��  ^     _Sora_cheia__lro Good Loyerfe__   11 Whenever hens or chicks nre always  ready to scratch, and seem to be  busy at all times,* you'need* hnve no  fear of a failure to get cegs'from the  ^hens or ia rapidigrowth on the part  of the chicks. Scratching is their  work, their modp, of occupying und  passing awiiy time, iind indtcato business. The hens that' keep busy  scratching do "not contract'the vlcee  peculiar to those fowls that have  nothing to do, nnd . they 1 Keep frcs-h'  and ln good health. Tljo blight, rod  comb, clean plumage and plenty to  do on tlie pnrt'of the' hens, Indicate  that egg foods me unnecessary and  eggs plentiful.���Farm and Fireside.  ,���> _. ���  shoring �� Home.  If tho horse flinch whllo a particular nail ls being diivcn, the null  should be at once 1 amoved, the hole  disinfected by a few chops of carbolic acid (S per cent.) nnd closed  with wax, says Country Life There  is seldom1 any bad result.- (But when  blooding follows tho shoe should  once .more be carefully tried and  only, affixed when.it is seen to fit  perfectly and the nail,'holes to cor-'  respond .exactly with the< white line.  The, halls should, be left,.,eiut!.ln ?the  neighborhood of the injury and the  latter disinfected and closed, with  Wax or tar.  KconriuJf   . line of Illlda  The subicct of the balance of power  in Nature hns recently icceived an  interesting illustration fiom France  whoic it has been shown that the in-  londs of worms and destiactive n-  scrts follow closely the disnppc.11 ante  of birds  It is averred that the desti uction  of birds m Fiance das produced disnstious elTccts on agiicultuie, horti-  cultuie, and the giape industry In  tho Department of Hciault .alone, as  it has been,calculated, the destruction of birds accustomed to feed upon insects costs a loss of over S.OOO,000 gallons of wine every'year  Some birds consume about 600 insects daily, and a single intect-eating  species, according to the estimate of  Monsieur Levut, may be the means of  saving 3,200 gnuns of wheat and  1,1.10 grapes per day.  How I'lunu Absorb Mater.  Water is absorbed by the roots nnd  undergoes u very slight change, matter from the cells of a tree is added  fas sugar, in the maple) and it is  then denominated ' sap." It passes  from cell to cell upwaids, thiough  tho sap-wond, until it reaches the  loaves. Tho cells being separate, and  not continuous tubes, it is" conveyed  from ono to another through a gieit  number of partitions, in the bass-  wood, for example, where the cells  nre very long, it passes about 2,000  partitions in lising a foot ��� Fariuei s'  Ueview.  the belter will the icsults be  li the larm consists largely ot arable land there will be less difficulty  in Keeping the pastures in good condition, by changing often as needed  from pasture to meadow or back  ngiiin. This ficqucnt cultivation and  resceding will have a tendency to  keep up a suitable variety und quality of grasses tbnt will bo the oiom,  profitable for stock-feeding.  Nothing will stimulate a laigcr nnd  better secielion of milk tdan a good  bite from nutiitlous grasses.  Tint conipaiatlvely few fauns contain land tbat is most susceptible of  cultivation.  There will bo pieces here and there  thut can he plowed, devoted to the  ciops, fertilized, icseedcd and again  devoted to criming in a greatly improved condition; and although it  may be some woi k to fence out these  pieces and thus renovnto them, yet  it will bo a paying investment of  time and labor.  A nelghboung fnrnier has been successful in plowing sited pieces in fall  and sow to winter lye and grass,  along with some kind of fertilizer,  without taking the trouble to fence  the land The rye would protect the  young glass to some extent and furnish quite an amount of early spring  feed  All land that leasonable effort or  expense enn be plowed can in this  way be veiy much improved. Even  if quite rough nnd stiong, not allowing of the best work, yet much  bcnc'it will be leali/cd from such  cultivation as can bo fairly given.  ���But theie is much "pastme land  that it would be about impossible  and would not pay to nuclei take to  impiove in this way, still something  may bo done to mnke it better.  If coveied with bushes or brakes  frequent cutting will tend to subdue  them, but tne woik must be peisist-  ently followed up to be of lasting  benefit.  Theie is some pasture land that it  would be better to allow to grow up  to wood again, not being of much  value for anything else.  It is possible in some casc3 to  benefit pastures by putting on a  sharp-toothed hanow, cither in  spring or fall, when the soil is sufficiently moist and tear the sod to  pieces as much as possible Grass  seed and some kind of fertilizer  should be put on and lightly covered .  I have often noticed a side-hill  pasture that was long ago plowed,  cropped with buckwheat and seeded  to grass along with on application  of supei phosphate This made a derided improvement and the effects  are still visible.  Rough, burly pastures have been  gieatly helped by the keeping of  sheep. Theie may be the necessity  of adding some special feed to Keep  the sheep in fair condition while  subsisting on the rather scanty and  not very ��utntious fodder  Thoi e havo, been cases where  bushes nnd tough sod giound have  been brought into a pioductive condition by fencing into suitable lots  and putting in a good number of  swino.    . ������  The result wns that the bushes,  sods or most anv other obsti action  were uprooted the around sen lfied.  pulverized and fertilized bv the industrious woikeis. getting it in con-,  dition with a little eNtia woik for  a profitable use  Some of these methods should  prove effective on most farms, by  which the land can be gieatly benefited and much better pasturage secured.  MODEL POULTRY HOUSE.  Its   Interior Arr��n^��ment  1��   a*   >early  Perfect ae Long l*xperii*me  Cm Mnke  It.  The new poultry house is a balloon  frame of 2\4 joist. It is 18 feet  wide nnd shtfatded with inch boaids  tightly fitted together, then papered  and sided tightly. The inside is hll-  ed to top of sills with fine ���btonc,  covered with dirt. The house is divided into 12-foot pons the length of  the building, with wnc partitions  between     There is one large window  ivsini: ok moiifl imiusi:.  (a) each side of every 12-foot pen,  two feet from the sills. Tho pens  aie ten feet high. There is a tight  Iloor ovcihead thickly covered with  sawdust. Tdrougd tlie floor is a ventilating tiap door (b) 1x12 feet in  eaeli pen, witli a lope and pulley attachment permitting tho ventilating  tiap door to be operated from thu  dallwuy on one side of tho building.  Tho inside building is of sheathing,  stuffed solid with sawdust and  chaff Theie is a self-shutting screen  door (c) in each pen. The locsts  (d) tue 2x4, set in notches and hung  by four one-half inch round irens  Tho roosts aro all painted with dial  tar and are removable Under thu  loosts is a large shelf (c) hinged so  as to lot down to a long narrow  box (f) for holding the dioppings ���  E C. Bloodgood, in Farm and  Home.  A If nnd*  Uiuri.ii Ruck. '  The cut shows n hay and grain  wagon rock which was constructed  more than SO >cars ago by my father, Thomas Atkcson. I have nevei  seen ono like it except on lhat farm  which I now use and cultivate The  lumber bill is as follows- Two ash  scantlings <1\1> inches 14 feet long,  4 pieces 2i\12 6$ feet long, cut in  curved piece, as shown in cut, so as  to be 4x2J inches, four 1x3 15 feet  Why Anthrax Is so D.mgerons.  Antluax is one of the most rapidly fatal of the many diseases to  which fatm stock aie subject The  disease acts so quickly that tho subject generally succumbs before the  owner knows that it is ill. Unless  a post mortem , examination is re-  quiied, the carcass should be got rid  of at once, and the place where it  has been lying Uteially plastered  with chloride of lime, while tho carcase itself should be buried six feet  below the surface of the ground and  covered with lime. Pasteur das  shown that eartli worms may bring  up the poies of the diseuse fiom the  buried caicAse to the suiface The  leason why stockowneis should be  caioful* 111 disinfecting the pastures  of other places where an infected an-  ima' had lain, is that homo rid ages  usually take place fiom the superficial membranes towaids time of  death, mid the blood contains bacilli These bacilli, when fiee, foim  spores, and tbe spores may retain  their viiulencc for yeais The diseased animal 111 this case has veiy  iitjtle to do with the spiead of the  disease owing to tho short time  elapsing from its being attacked till  its death Food .stuffs will, however, cany the getivs Theie is a  method of inoculation against the  disease���Prof.' Stockman.  UKAINAGE OF MARSHES.  Simple  Vethoit Succrffullr 1 Hcrt ��t th��  *�� Jittitimlii l.xpellmeiit Million.  In Holland It is no unusual thins  to drain maisdes by means of windmills A very laige aiea of lowlands is in that countiy kept freo  fiom water bv the intc-sdi.t action  of pumps worked by windmill1- Iu  somo cases the canals aie veiy long  and aie utilised by the assistance ol  a succession of theso engines At tha  end of one canal will be a windmill,  the duty of which is to pump the water into a canal just a little higher  than the first. That can*! carries  the water to another, also ended by  a (lam with a windmill. The piocess  is continued until the water falls at  lust into a canal thut tul.es it to tho  sen.  At the Wisconsin expenment station there has been a somen hat similar system in operation for a number of years. A piece of land several acres in extent was formerly covered with water, being below tho lov-  el of Lake Mendotn. The authorities  at the station ran a dike across tha  part of the swamp near tho lako slda  as well as on the Jnud side Near  tho middle of this dike a "sump",  wus dug. A sump is a reservoir for  ho!cii:,T dramnge water. Into thi*  sump ditches drain the water from  the swamp. Between tho sump und  dike a windmill was elected and  pumping connections placed. The  plan worked and still works to perfection Tho windmill easily keeps  tlie water drained out of the sump,  and into the sump the swamp drains  itself naturally.  Prof llcniy told' the writer that  ho wns warned not to attempt the,  reclamation of tlint land cOpponents  of the scheme argued that if tho water wero once pumped out of the.  sump it would quickly seep bnclc  again fiom the lake���that in fact this  seepage would be so extensive along  the hundreds of feet of dike that it  would render Ins work futile. But  ho knew better, having before him.  the ' example of like operations in  other countries. The event proved  tho method right. There has been  practically no seepage, and for much  of the time the windmill is idle, r,a-  tuiul processes of evaporation taking  care of all the surplus watei.  Last week when the writer visited  the sump, the windmill was ' still,  and the ground was diy, while only  a little distance away the waves ol  Lake Mcndota beat on the soil The  scheme has in it great possibilities,  and is certainly applicable whera  land is high in pi ice. Moi cover such  land 13 frequently very rich in plant  food.  Tn addition tho irrigation of such  land in a drouglit is simple, leauir-  mg only u controllable siphon from  the lake ���Pai meis' Itevicw.  'W^^^  USFFtTI. WAGOK RACK.  long.    The stmcture should be put  together with sciew bolts of proper  length .[A, little study itof, the (,.cuti  will enable any 'man handy with  tools to make it It-has the advantage of being level the full length of  both sides with the tendency ot the  load toward tlie centie After many  years ,of, use I nm .sure no better  rncirhasrevcr'bceirconstiuctcdr^'T.  C. Atkeson, in Orange Judd Farmer.  Wi-iininc tlm I'oali  Before beginning to wean a foal  the young thing should be thoroughly halter broken, and the toonei this  Is done aflet the ioal it dropped the  better The colt or filly should also  become accustomed to eating oats,  both whole and giound, wet mid div.  This can be easily accomplished bv  feeding grain to the (bun regularly  night and morning in a box or  trough set upon the giound 01 floor  or so near it that the colt can reach  tho grain easily.  Throwing IIuv Out of the Manger  Many hoi ses throw the hay out ot  tho manger, tramp on lt and then  rofuse to eat it, says New England  Homestead. This most generally occurs when a horse stands in a single  stall. Tho best way to stop this is  toinnll a piece of wood across the  manger, 1 so that tho hay-can be  pushed down under it. Tlie Luy  ennnot thon bo thrown out.  Now Way of Ivei-plns 1'cbi.  A new method of preserving eggs  is being tried. Fresh laid eggs aie  raiefully opened and the contents of  the shell put into glass jais u which  are closed after the air has been  cliawn out 'llie jars aie put into  cold storage and sold to the bakers  in laige cities, who arc glad to be  lid of tho shells, nt the same time  tdls enables both seller, nt.d buyer to  tell at a glance whether the package  is good or not Special cine must  be given to their'packing, for one  bud egg will quickly spoil the whole  jar. This, like bottled milk, will  only havo a limited salo in the large  cities.      11  Ulo roult!3 Houau Floor.  A poultry imsci 'advises building  the poultiy house floor of dirt. lie  oays that cement flooi.s cause bumble-foot and that boaid Iloois aie (little better We think that the gentleman has paid too little attention  to the height of Ins roosts Theie  is no need of having the roosts so  high that eveiy time a fowl fiics  down it will icsiilt in bniismg tho  feet Board floo'is and cement floors  are certainly advisable in niaiiv cases  and if the loosts are low tlicre need  be no damage from bumble-foot The  writer of this das used a boaid floor  for years, with roosts only 18 inches  above it. No case of bumble-foot  ever materialized Moi cover, it is  entnely'feasible to keep the floor  covered with dnt, dust'or chaff. ���  Farmers' Review. ,  Keop "Ie�� Warm.  Good, waira houses will be necessary for fall litters of pigs, s.uys  1'iMine rnimer, not single sided  sheds where the tomperntuie gets  very low in cold weather, but good,1  warm buildings wheie tho pigs will  be comfortable all tho time without  piling up four deep to keep warm  Keeping pigs waim and comfort-able  means growth. If, in consequence of  cold quarters, they-have to be kept  warm by the aid of feed and at the  samo time kept growing they will re-  riuire too much feed to make the  business ' 'profitable There are no  reasons' why any painstaking farmer  teiMmir Hoes.  With this device ono man can  handle the heaviest hog with ease. I  have scalded 40 hogs with it, and  know what I am saying P'-ice the  hog on the rack (Fig 1), then close  it, then proceed as shown 111 Tig.  2 Lift tho hog ovei the tiough by  taking hold of tde long lever   Low���  icannot get as good results from the  fall litteis as from the spimg if he  will only make extra efforts along  that line.   ' ' '  Whin 10 *ow Clover  Clover seed should' be sown toward  the close of Match or very early in  April, preferably upon a light snow,  when, added by the trucks, one can  make sure of fully covering the  ground, says Professor Wheeler of  the I.hodc Island station, Subsequently, while the ground is still  somewhat soft, but yet not so as to  be particularly injured by the horse'*  feet, it is well to roll the land thor-  ouchly.  ,'  ' Horn]4��l Cattlu.  ' That cattle' without horns nre a  groat improvement over cattle with  horns is now a well settled fact,  says Farm and Ranch. For tins  reason, everything else being equal,  natural born mill leys will, m future,  be in great favor Everybody can't  at'least for the present, havo mul-  leys, but,those who desire it and begin in time can have hornless cattle  Those who are prepaied to feed and  properly enro for their cattle in winter should b.v all means dehorn them.  Hoinltss cntle feed better, are moro  docile Losing their hoins seems to  chango tho hnbit^ of the unimnl. It  pays to remove the horns nnd it  pays still better to bleed hornless  cattle.        1    -ii   ,  '���' A 1IAXDY DEVICE  er it into the trough, so tdat the  rack spiings eleni ot the bottom of  tho trough, then take hold of the  cross lever and woik it up and  down, thi owing the carcass fiom *  one side to the other, back and  forth, until perfectly scalded. Keep  trying the hair, so as to know when  the proper scalding point is reached.  Then swing out on the (.leaning lack  and-take another hog Tho^fguics  explain themselves.  Catari h In Hone*  , Steam the nostrils by putting two  ounces of turpentine in a 'pail of  boiling water. Hold this under the  ���head , for ������ ,twenty minutes, repeat  twice a day and, continue it for a  month' if needed ; also give a tea-  spoonful of sillphnto of copper at a  dose twice a day in a mash of bran  for a month or more if necessary.  A Good Harnoss Oil.  To two quarts of fish oil add two  pounds of mutton tallow, ono pint  of custor oil, one-fouith pound of  ivory black, one-half pound beeswax,  four ounces of rosin, ono ounce of  Burgundy pitch. Put all together in  an iron kettle over a slow lire.' Boil  _and_stir_half_nn_hour! Then sot offi-.  and let settle fifteen minutes.   Then, ^  pour into another vessel, leaving alL  sediment in the bottom.   When   cold'.   '  it is ready to use.   If you cannot obtain fish oil, get neatsfoot oil    The-  fish oil will keep mice fiom gnawing  tho harness.   This recipe beats  coal'  oi' and tallow, sajs a correspondent-  of National Stockman      After    liar--  ness hns ��� 1 been oiled, nnd rubbed in,  wipo ,o(I with a clean dry  nig      It,  only needs to bo applied once 11 yeac-  and makes tho harness soft nndglos--'  sy  black.   Wo find  this  an excellent  dressing for    shoes that have    been  rough ii.sngc  1  The Time tn ^ell Crope.    ' -  It is just ns well, nnd a little'better, on the whole, to sell the   crop*  that arc laiscd for sale right    from  tho' fiold     It is, to run no small risk  to hold them over w ith tho dope   of  getting n liighor pi ice.    There" Is tho  extia cost of handling unll ��� storing,  and not a littlo shrinkage to    boot. -, <  If potatoes    will   .bnngt50 cents,a,   .,,  bushel in the fall, it is safe    tb say'"'''  that' Is better than 75, -next'"spring.1" *"<  Tho sonic holds good wlth'most "oth-   >-H  er crops.    Apples; will, shrink ii still    ���,<-  more, for you nre sure to find'   that .  no small percentage of them will rot,"  an'd so quick sales will pny the bosk ���    '*  in the long run,���Agricultural I_pi'->��  rai��t. THE INDEPENDENT.  fiATUmDAT.......NOVEMBER CO, 19<n.  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY   IN  THE   INTERESTS OF THE .MASSES  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASE.VH'.NT      OP     FLACK'    1UX>CK,  HASTINGS  STUEET,   VANCOUVER, 15. C.  SUI'SCRIITIONS  IN  ADVANCI*.  A week, 5 cents; month, ir> cents; three  months, '13 cents; six months, u"> eeni.s;  one je.ir, ^l.'Si.  ENDOHSED HY THE TKAUKS AND  LAHOR COUNCIL. THE VAiNCOU-  VKIt LiAUOIt l'AHTY .V.VI) TIU3  UU1LD1NG TIIADKS COUNCIL.  <��i  N|^fi{|l.Al.c7  .<**  |E��>  SATURDAY NOVI3M 111ZR :0, 3901  TIIE    LABOR   PARTY.  Communications have been sent out  by different bodies in the" interior rc-  gai'dlns' <i 'proposed  Independent labor  panty convention, and asking for .sug-  gestiolns   thereon.     AVhen   enough  .i-e-  plies havo ibeen  received .some  proposition   In  nil   likelihood    will    oin'mif.  from 'Kamloops,  and be submitted   \.o  all la bur parties  and organisations of  tho ..province.    This it. as it should be.  On the .strength of this movement for  .political    action     the    Parliamentary  committee "of   the  A'nneouver   Trades  and   'bailor   Council    suggested     that  were  any  substantial   progress   to   be  made ALL SECTIONS OF THOSE INTERESTED   IN"   REFORM  should   be  duly represented from the very inception.    Referring   to  llie  remark   "that  all  our  representatives,   etc.,   be  from  union oneii   alone,    out   ot"    our  own  ranks,".the committee believed that lt  did not cover ihe foregoing conditions;  but  adopted   tihe   narrow   prescriptive  policy of nominating only membeis of  trades unions upon   their tlc-kot.    The  report also said  that If trades unions  are to take any part In this movement  It should just'be the initiative in start,  ing 'a   political   organization   on  some  such 'has-is a/_  herein suggested.    J3vl  dently the committee had nn view the  barring  from .unions  of  political   discussions of a party nature,  which   in  tlle -very start must ibe grappled with  by a labor .party, because It is against  the  imposed  .political conditions  that  compels labor .to go into polities.    The  ..verage union man,.'is against mixing  .tarty politics .with .Ills unionism, and  !:i some 'respects it  is a well-found.;-!  objection.    It   Is,   however,   extremely  difficult  to  talk or .reason  with  some  men, especially with those of a selfish  turn ot mind,    who   want   everything  done .to their way of thinking and advantage,   upon  the all-important subject of political action.   In    whatever  way the question i.s viewed, In thus re-  training 'from talcing sin active stand  In ithls   direction, 'they  are   depriving  themselves   of   one   of ''the    strongest  weapons that 'has 'been 'placed in their  hands.    The Knights   of  Labor,   once  the most powerful  labor organization  that ever existed In the world, .initiated  and kept within its circle a political  reform movement.   What was .the result?   Every union man knows to-day  that the K.  of <L.   is now  practically  a dead .institution.   The, capitalists���we  don't mean In this sense those within  tho limits of a, few- thousand dollars,  but   the  Dunsmulrs,  Morgans,   Ca.rni-  gdes, etc.���want   union  men   to   fight  ��� their own political  battles alone,  be  cause then they know that their work  in the aggregate will ibe abortive.   At  present there are only uibout one-tenth  of the workers in the unions, and until ithe remaining nine-tenths can  be  got Into the unions laibor Is handicapped  an iformlng a successful  "unfon  labor  - party." -��� **���  age of machinery, and men are straining every nerve and muscle to accomplish big results in a very little time.  The consequence is 'that, in this country especially, nervous wrecks are becoming distressingly common, and the  race is fullilling .the prophecy that lt  will .become weaker and wiser.  There is no question ibut that the  work-day should be further shortened,  anil for various l-easons. The principal  one is thut there I.s an over-supply of  labor, owing to the introduction of so  iiiuoh labor-savins machinery. Every  man has a right lo work, and lt i.s the  duty of the state to see that he is provided with the opportunity of doing so.  As matters now stand, .there is by no  means a situation for every one; there-  foie, legislation Is needed to .adjust  the hours of labor .so that an equable  balance- Is maintained between the  man, union as we-ll as non-union, and  the mjcihinc. In other words, so .that  the man who lolls may receive his  I'hare in -the benefits of labor-saving  appliances. And this is a very sc-rlo is  question of party polities.  There are other subjects as vital as  thu tarilf, though lo read the average  liberal or conservative newspaper  aibout election time, one would imagine  that there could ibe but this one issu  before the juiblic, wlilch is tiie Alpha,  and the Omega of all our ills and the  salvation of the country depends upon  carrying it through.  While wo are not prepared to say  that politics, in the general sense,  should be taken up in the union, still  there are topics which concern the  working men ,us u body which could be  discussed in a ibioiul and liberal spirit  with prolit, and influence .brought to  bear In the proper quarters to bring  about many reforms, for there is no  question but that 'the politician's, if  they wero convinced that the union  men would stand together to carry  some 'measure, would see to it that it  was ea.rr.ied.  The .initiative and referendum would  be 'the greatest safeguard to the in  teresL of tlie working .people along all  lines that 'has so -far been devised, and  if .the union men of tlie country would  but take some concerted action on this  point alone, it would undoubtedly carry  at once. It will surely come some time,  but the strongholds of labor organization should be helped to -speed the day.  to play ait cricket in future or lose his  standing in tho church."  The amount of life insurance ln force  in Canada In 1000 was ?431,962,423.  "Ladysmlth, British Columbia, a  beautiful city with a glorious future,"  is what the Leader of that town 'prints  in an advertisement. But If It de-  lwnds upon Chinese cheap labor to fill  a gap In tho labor problem there, then  it will bo a dirty place with a hopeless  outlook.  lly dteccnury, by occupation and by  the treaties of Utrecht (171.1), c-f Purls  (17G3), and of Versailles (17S3). nil tho  country comprised In the Dominion of  Canada became part of tin* British  IOmpIre, which Is about ,'1,500 miles from  east to west, and 1,-iOO miles from north  lo south.  The Union, the leading Catholic pa  per of the east, tons this to say about  socialism, after deploring tlie socialism  of the Be Leon lie and other 'kinds:  "In the British Empire .there- is a  socialism of an altogether different  type. A type, which declares war on  clasis privileges, rcd-tnpeism, and hoary  aiburies which Have from long standing  usurped the name of rights. This socialism alms at bringing all public  franchises 'and aill -property in which  the community 'Is vitally iiitenested under the direct control of the people,  und is in perfect harmony with the  highest  principles of Christianity."  Speak well of your union.  A German government pamphlet condemns kissing as highly dangerous. As  they eat sauerkraut and Limburger  cheese over there it iprobaJbly .is.  Does your landlord have repairs  made by .non-union imen? If ihe do_s,  Insist on workmen .with an up-to-date  Building Trades card in their pockeis.  Why, even the rudiments of fighting  our battles have been neglected. Ln-  bor is a big unwieldy giant, only weak  because it does not iknow how to use  its strength.���Ex.  The. Garment Worker: It is desirable  ito iiold before the minds of the men-  ibers an ideal, 'to give .tlhem something  to strive for. It arouses enthusiasm  and unites the .ranks. 'A trade union,  like any animate thing, must advance,  must grow, in order to keep from i��r-  ishing. To stand still is to decay. Living organs aire strengthened by exercise; an organization keeps healthy ��s  long as it Is engaged in a contest for  something higher. The same law applies to limdivldaials. The iperson who  thinks that lie has achieved his am'bi-  tion is a sorry creature. The object of  existence has .passed.  Dress Goods*  For fall  A rich and heautlful showing of the  latest Dress Fabrics for Fall, 1301.  Every wantable \klnd of material is  Included in this showing of ours. We  dovoted considerable time to tlhe picking of theae goods, which fashion has  decreed us correct. The result is seen  In tho unapproachable assortment,  from which wc mention a few of the  weaves we have In the latest designs  and shades.  ZBBOblNE, VENETIANS,  HOMESPUNS, CHEVIOTS,  SUITINGS, BROADCLOTHS,  FKENCH FLANNELS, Etc., Etc.  Wo aslo you  to call and see them.  We iknow the price ���will do the rest.  ai  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  We reach wherever the maJ-ls reach.  < >���������  n  n  >������������������ �������$>�������������������������� ��� �������*> �����!  ; To be faithful  opiiosltion   to  the government.    In;!  dentally, he will endeaivor to advanoe  the Interests of Jim Hill.���Siocan Drill  The Grand Duke and Duchess of  Hesse will be divorced because they en-  teita.in an "I'nsuperaible personal aversion" to ���each other. Hate Is what  common people use under the same circumstances.  Society always crucifies Its greatest  benefactors and then sits at their  graves and weeps. Human nature is  not onivlous of dead men, and .is therefore willing to give ithem the credit that  is their due.���Ex.  The Vancouver Ledger, .published on  Monday morning, has made its debut  In the field of journalism in this city.  The genial Dr. Reynolds Is editor and  manager, and this fact alone ought to  ensure It a long and successful career,  lt starts out by printing 3,000 copies,  which malkes it at once a good advertising medium. It modestly says: "We  have made arrangements for the best  possible available despatches, and the  local news of the city Kind vicinity will  be given. We .rely on a fair trial and  a lenient reading public. Our mistakes will ibe many, for what paper  does not ihave .them, .but our news -will  be as reliable as a careful selection can  make it. Read what we publish and  decide for yourselves." Dear doctor,  shake.  Good. Men Disqualified.  Commenting on the fate of Mayor  ���Montis, wiho last Ms job for buying a  drink after hours, the Ottawa Citizen  says: "No wonder it is difficult to get  good imen to enter municipal life."  Tlhey must hafve queer Ideas up in Ottawa of the -qualifications of a good  man.���Woodstock Express.  Is your life Insured? If not enquire  of H. Williamson albout an investment  policy.  .The fact of the, matter Is that we  pay too much attention to systems,  Utopian theories, and nibstraut .principles and not enough to the man who  havo votes. This Is demonstrated by  Ithe argument iused a number of years  ago in England iby .the property  alass in opposing manhood suffrage.  It was held ithat just ns noon as the  masses bad .the freedom of the ballot  that practically a revolution would  t'l.ke .place and tiuit the day of the  landlord aind capitalist would suddenly  c'Se.    Hob Jt? . ,  There ls need of ���much legislation on  tieh.-.lf ot ithe working people. It is  true that the condition of the mass^fi  <s fair superior ito what It was  when ithey ' were granted' the  franchise, but that is 'no reuson  wlhjr greater end more progressive 1m-  pravemfents Should mot be mule. In  foroner times men worked longer hours  than at present, tout there was not tho  nervous .waste expended ln the twelve  or Iflfteen woittc .hours a day that there  ia now In the eight or ten.   This is an  Labor organizations all over the  world are rapidly learning ithat the correct way 'to settle nil disputes is from  a business standiioliit; while sentiment  Is all right .In Its iproper place, it should  never be allowed U> Interfere with, the  greatest good to the greatest number.���  Union-Record.  ' The strength of u -unloai depends entirely on the Intelligence, stability and  earnestness of its ntembeis. The permanency and progress of the general  labor, movement���that is, theadvance-  ment of the workers' interests���rests  absolutely on the 'faithfulness of the  unions to each other.���Union-Record.  Several names liave already been  mentioned In connection with the mayoralty. JJut what about the aldermen?  Rumor says four of the present city  fathers will not run rgaln. This is a  good job. Those wlio contemplate offering their ���services should, however,  malice! Ucnown their intention without  delay. In the meantime, pay up your  taxes, so tluit .flic hospital safe can be  ���paid for, and ithe aldermen pnld off  und discharged In the usual way.  'Ro "Scoops." The (Ladysmlth Itead'.r  refers lo the Nanaimo Free Press as  "the Stone Age Gazette," 'because it  happened to publish under the .head  "Watoh This Scoop, Leader," on Nov.  19th, an Item .that the Leader printed  on Oct. 5th. We thought thait our esteemed contemporaries, the Provinre  and the N.' T. World, wore the' only  papers that published exclusively  scoops, ibut tlie "scoop" epidemic has  spread to the island, you see. As a  matter of fact, .the small staffs employed on our .papers are compelled to use  tho scissors in order to fill up the  papers with leading matter, and so a  lot of useless truck must be used, and  sometimes labelled "scoops." With  newspaper waiters now-a-days It would  seem that ithe "scissors are mightle;  than the pen." ���  A WAGE CUTTING SPORTSMAN.  'Uhe International Woodworker say3:  Tlhe genial Sir Thomas Lipton, who Is  bowed to and battered with 'bouquets  by the wealthy nabobs of Britain and  Aimeaica, is looked upon by his smany  employees as a hard and exacting taskmaster. The men employed in his  warehouses are demanding an increase  of iwages to 6 pence, or 12 cents an  lliour, and the women have joined the  men dn a demand for an increase In  ithelr wages. The genial millionaire  can afford .to spend 'half a mllllc-n dollars on a yacht race every two years  or so, cam entertain lavishly on board  his steaim yacht "Erin," can travel in  America in private cars, but cannot see  lliis way clear to pay the men wlio help  make .his millions more than 12 cents  nil hour. Anybody can 'be a good fellow by talcing the money that should  go to lalbor and spending It In entertaining .plutocrats.  is the motto of the management of the Union  Mutual. To serve all interests impartially.  To treat all parties with consistent candor. To  issue policies of pronounced liberality. To  make all death payments with the utmost  ' promptness.   To be fair in all dealings.  Honest, capable Agents can always have employment with us.  Union Mutual Life Insurance Co  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848'.-  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  it  o  <>  o  <>  ���oo  The Question of fit  eoo  Never needs to keep men. from wearing our Clothing. Thev must fit or you  niusn't take tlieni���just so as to style, doth and appearance. "Wc buy the best  materials made in Kurope or. America, selected by experts of long experience) and  trained observers of fashion's changes. Our largely increased and increasing business shows that they aro right. Why not avail yourself of this opportunity to  dress well and save money.  Prices $10.00, $12.00 and $15.00 and upward per suit.  CLUftR   ����   STEWART,  Telki'honm 702. 1G0 Cordova Street.  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  Not By th�� Quart.  Gold Is so .plentiful In the Atlln dls-  glngs-ifhat- the -average���miner-dally  takes    out    several    quartz.���Toronto  Star.  'I\i show how the Interpretation of  Methodist olmroli discipline has broadened In fifty yearn It Is .but. necessary  to read an extract from, the minutes  of the ofllulnl .iboard of the Bridge  ctreel ohurch Im Belleville of August  28th, IS_8, ipubllshed the other day In  ���the' Intelligencer, as follows: ' "Isaac  Reeves' case was talken up, and it was  agreed that he should make an, acknowledgment In class and promise not  Just 'Like Vancouver.'  It looks as though  the present city  council would do no more business this  year.   In .fact, they appear to be afraid  of what they have done.���'Kaslo Koote  nuian.  Among the Best.  The Indojiondcnt hoe a large circulation among the working men of Vancouver and vicinity. The results are  that Jt is a good advertising medium.���  Vancouver Ledger. .  Better Left Alone.  Some of our esteemed contemporaries In the sunny urauthland are discussing the .personal appearance of the  dewll. For our part we never have  .permitted ourselves to speculate In futures.���Toronto 'Star.  Jim Hill & Co.  >__>. V.   iBodwell   has   .swallowed his  compunctions aind nan consented to enter tiie political arena, at Victoria ln  ROOSFA10LT.  Bystander in Weekly Sun says that  "President Roosevelt has begun well.  His reception of Booker Washington  -shows, at alii events, that Hie is not  afraid to look the lyncher in the face.  He has .shown determination to uphold  the principle of civil service reform.  He has decisively east the influence  of the presidency in Delaware against  the scoundrel Addicks, whereas his .predecessor, .under the domination of Han-  na, would ihame capitulated to Addicks  had he .not been stopped by, a vigorous  protest. Roosevelt Is beyond doubt a  ���man of force, with ia conscience, and  patriotic. He comes at a 'time when  ���his company Is at the parting of the  ways, and a strong leader is sorely-  needed. Unfortunately, he is an ex.  panslonist, and a,n admirer of wh.it  he calls the "strenuous life," .that Is,  a life of militant aggression, as though  a lire of active and productive Industry were mot strenuous. But he is not,  lt'ke McKlnley,  -a. mere    weathercock,  would be enhanced by the'thought and  sight of the lost souls elsewhere.  And us for .the saying of our Lord that  "the poor ye ihave with you always,"  quoted by .the multi-millionaire plutocrat, this was 'but the statement of a  fuct and must not be quoted as Andrew does it, -to s-Ignlfy ,bhat our Lord'j  teaching does .not Imply that everything .possible must be done by Christian humanity, to lessen 'poverty and  suffering. The Saviour's teaching was  surely the reverse of this.    .  Pay up your subsnriptlon to the Independent, lit does not cost you much  and you should not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor pa.  per.  . . HAKES A SPECIALTY OF . .  ' ��    tor's special Liqueur, oiso ��� ���  �� '  Usher's Block LaDei Liqueur musfn  ���LARGE 6TOCK OF-  IMPOKTED AND DOMESTIC  . Ciqara.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.,  '   Coineb Cordova amd Cabbaix.  and with 'responsibility may come wisdom."  ���CARNEGIE'S CLAPTRAP.  "Money does not make man happy.  If Shakespeare a.nd Wagner, the mountain peaks of literature nnd music,  were talken out of my life, my life  would be poor Indeed! Those millionaires who lit* mostly for making  money have a. sorry .time of It. Civilisation will deteriorate when tats thnn  rulne ilvundreU and nlncty-nlne out ,or n  thousand are (born poor. Our Saviour  wan right when He said, 'The .poor ye  have with you always.'" Andre.v  Carnegie certainly should know wiliei  he suys that the millionaires who live  mostly for money have a ��orry time of  It, for he .tried the c>_|>erJment during  ull his active business life. As for his  prate aibout oMllsatlon deteriorating  unless "999 out of a thousand are born  poor," the thing reminds one very  much, coming from the source that It  does, of tlhe saying of the seventeenth  century Calvinlst iwho, 'held that the  enjoyment of the blest   ln    Paradise  UNION CIGAR FACTORIES.  ���FtoJkmilng le-o. l&t of the Union cigar Cactories in BrUHsb OolumlWa wflio  use tihe ttue laibel:  W. Tiertjen, Nb. 1-^Divtelbn No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kurtz & Go. No. 2���rNvfcOon. Xo. 68,  Vancouver.  Inland CSgar Manufacturing ��� Company, No. 3���DftvdBion No. S8, Hamlocxps.  B. Wnitoerg & Co., No. 4-OMvteion No.  38, Now Wetftalnater.  T. Wlo,i_e!ttK_Ic No. �����Dlvfekm No. 38,  Vancouver. .  KeJawnai Shlpipeits' Union Company,  No. 8-^Wvtoton No.' 38, Ketowna.  Wright Bros, Nio. 8���(Division No. 38,  RosBland.   .  Kootenay Oigar Matiuflacturlng Oom-  j*uiy, Nlo. 10���Division No. 38, NeCaon.  Metre & Jobnoon, No. 2���Dfcvldon No.  37,_VHctort��.     Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Hendqunrtom lor the engineering trade  i, ���   in Vancouver.  CHOICEST"���*^  Liquors and Cigars  Flrst4lUBrooms from CO cent! up.  R. HURRY    -    -    ,-' PROP  M. BantUccr, No. SHDdvMoa No. 37,  Victoria.  ���latoad Ctsar BUcWary, 8. Norman, No.  ^-HMvlslan No. 37, Vtotorfa.  (ProWnoo CHgttr Oo., No. 7���D_vJ<_lon  No. 37, Victoria.  A. Stohnoter & Sons, No. 8���IMvMon  No. 37, Vfotocta.  P. Gable, NO. *-birto_of_ No. 37, Ne-  natmo.  J. Lery, No. U���Divteflon No. 17, Vte-  toria.   '  ;M. J. Booth, No. U-CMvUtoa No. 37.  Nanalmo.  C. G. BaSinoen���Dlv��oo NV>. tt, Victoria.  T. P. Gold, Capitol Clgnr Factory,  No. 12, Victoria. B. C.  Harris & Stuart, No. 6���Division No.  38, Revelatotee.  J. Martin, No. 7-Dtvtotois No. 38,  Sandon. *���  Fhelin ft MoDonough. No. U���Division 38, Nelson.  $AVOY  THEATRE    /  8. Simmon ..Genenl'Mtiucer.  J Townsesd ;...8t*go Mantger.  Week Commencing  Monday, Next  A Show for the People.  "Quantity and Quality Combfeed."  IPB  From Tbelr N__n��l_no,fcoulhB��_d��Bd  Protection iilW loWtriet,  Flint's Dyspepsia Vablsts' are guarantied to restore falling appetite and  mrrect. any kind of stomach trouble.  U e. bos.'McDowell, Atklna, Wautaon  Oo.   -j -    ..'.  House Coa9  0( the Following diodes:  Doabl* Bowboal Lump,  Run of ttt* Mlae,  WssbtdNutssd  UHtVKL Sf. SOBIHS, BlpMiBttetat.     <  BTAH8, OOLXIUN A BVAHB, AetatH, '  VoooamCtty, B.C.      -    "  ���/   ' ��� SATURDAY NOVEMBER 30, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  it Has Stirred  U|> tbe Town  People know that it is the biggest snap tliey  havo ever struck.   Thousands of people are taking  . advantage of it. Make tho most of this great  money-saving opportunity.   Provide yourself with  . all you need now and will need for some timo to  * come at the greatest of all sales���thu only Salo that  saves you money on anything you buy from an  ��� overcoat to a linen collar.  THE GREAT RETIRING FROM BUSINESS SALE  or THE  Palace Clothing  House Co., Ltd.  IIO Cordova Street.  _ Men's and Boys'- Clothing, Furnishings, Trunks, '  Valises, Blankets, etc., are being sold off at a frac-  or a life-long conservative? But the  labor party; if ithey stamd alone, can  enter the political arena with' in oloan  gheet, and surely ! it ds 'the duty of  every loyal Canadian 'to support .tliem.  WORKMAN.  Steveston, Nov*.  20, 1901.  tion of their original value  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  DELIVER G'ROCERIES EA'RMELR.  'To tho Editor of Tin: Indki-kndext.  Sir,���I wish .lo call youi- attention to  ������the trouble aind annoyance th'at a large  number of the citizens are j>ut to by  those engaged Jn the grocery business,  .through tholr delivery .men going about  ;the city ait all hours of ithe night with  lanterns,    looking    for    numbers    of  houses, iand knocking at the doors oC  cpeaceiable people after 'they are In bed.  Saturday  night   Is  a  terror.    I  liave  'had to stay at home, on 'two occasions  ' 'this fall, as my-wife does not care to  stay  alone aft<_r  night  sets dn   when  these men are    sure to toe   .prowling  around.    Now, sir, I can see no go?d  ��� reason why any one class of 'business  '  men or 'their caieless customers should  / . i  'be allowed 'to imalce themselves a nuisance or oppress the men in their employ,* ,by 'delivering goods so late.    If  thero is .no law to stop this, I think It  would .be  in  order for youi and  the  _Jabor men associated with you it'o make  on attempt to have the delivery men  .organize themselves Into a union for  their protection  from ' heartless- employers and careless ���women  who  do  nt)t know enough to .have their goods  ���delivered at a iproper time, and believe  there would not toe a'union in the city  that would 'have the moral support of  all classes of the community that the  ���-delivery men   would  have. .Hoping  to  .see you with your war paint on against  this evil.   I am 'yours truly,  AV. IR.   CAIRNS.  Vancouver, Nov. 26, 190U  I United/States, .there.-is a boundary, line  I between Canada und Alaska (.belonging to the United States by purchase  from Russia in 3SG7). This line 'Is in  part a subject of negotiation between  Great Britain and the United States,  Our authority Is the1 Canadian Tear  Boole���Ed.)  CANADA  BOUNDED.  "To the Editor of The Independent:  Sir,���Would you kindly bound Canada  ���5n order .to settle an argument;over the  ���correctness of ithe sohool geography?  'C TANNER.  Vancouver, Nov. 28, 1901.  (Note.���Canada   is   .bounded, on. the  north by the Beaufort sea and the Arc-  i.'tlo odean; on .the-east by the Gulf of  St   Lawrence  and/Labrador;  on  the  west iby Alaska and the Pacific ocean;  aind    on   the   South by the -Atlantic  .   roocain and the.;Un_ted States of. Amer-  'Sca.  The latter boundary, starting from  the Atlantic seaboard,  commences at  the mouth of the St. Croix river, which  ���empties Into .the! Bay of Fundy,  then   follows_th!s_r!ver- and-Lalco Chlputne-  ������coofe 'and passes   due   'north until  it  strikes, the St. John river;  thence by  'that', river   and   one1' of its western  taranches It reaches the watershed between the St. Lawrence river nnd the  Atlantic, whioh It follows 'by a tortuous south-westerly-course1 to' ithe 45th  .parallel of .north latitude Jn longitude  71 degrees 31 minutes' west; then by  ;��� 'that .parallel It passes westward to the  St   Lawrence  river  and -along    mid-  channel of .that  river and of Lakes  Ontario,   Erie,  Huron  and the main  vortfon of Lake Superior to the mouth  of  FUgeort    rlvor;    thence  by lt  and  Rainy river it gains   the   northwest  ���angle of Lake of the Wood*;. tih'eiv*-  _t follows the 49th parallel to the Gulf  ot Georgia, und tihence .posses iby the  : Haro straits" amd .the Straits of F\ica  to the Pacific ocean. The length of this  frontier Jlne Is 3,000 geographical miles,  1,400 miles.being- a, waterllne by rivers,  lakes: and seas, and, 1.600 imllea toeing a  land boundary. ' In raddUbm   to   this  tounda-cy Hue 'befcwsea Canada and tha  A LABOR PARTY.,  To the Editor of The Independent:  Sir,���In a leeent Issue- of your much  mined papei  un 'Item appears,  "How  long  Mill   thi_   people' stand  (humbugging?   The latent slap tills province has  received.-.from' Ottawa 'Is the disallowance of the bills icgardlng Immigration  Into  Canada .ind   the employment of  Chinese     and     ,Tai>anese     on   public  woiiks."    Tilr. Editor,  many who 'have  studied   this   burning   question   have  come ito the conclusion that tbe .people  ol Brltliii  Columbia are only getting  what   they     richly    deserve���frequent  slaps nnd ilclcks, for permitting a few  disloynl'iui'ilallsts and a dorde- of Orientals to run this province.   Surely the  linger of scorn and contempt is pointed  at us from  the four quarters of tho  globe for thus quietly submit ting to ohe  ddsallowance of these 'bills.   Is lit not  a dangerous thing and at the peril of  any government .to set at naught the  sovereign rights and power of the people.   It will be done just once too oftsn  by some "jelly-tflsh''.'politicians who are  after some empty imperial 'title. Agalin,  how disastroui it Is to the welfare cf  a nation to have dts commercial Interests iln theihtinds of'mercenary capitalists who pop up and  wriggle aiound  ready   to   take   unfair   advantage   ln  every   transaction;   men     unpatriotic  enough to subject the citizens on whom  they must depend ln time of trouble to  Ithe foulest kind of Imported Mongolian competi tlon >I ii ��� their daily toll; men  whose business methods are so atro-  olous that at tllmes the .most law-abiding citizens-��� must publicly protest or  strike; men who iby the aid of most Infamous lies have ever deceived1 the government and the irtiHtia and had the  latter,called out 'to further their diabolical; schemes; men who' will exploit  the natural   resources   of u' country  without tlhe 'thought' of recompense' or  reward���big dividends being their only  glory.   As our political and commercial # interests are so Interwoven,  one  ��'lt!iJ-the-other,���andL march- hand-in  hand together,  through 'the long continued halls of ''history,   it   behooves  every patriotic   lover   of home  ,and  country te see ithat our laws are. male  consistent .with. Wliei golden "rule,; and  compel   politicians  and. capltuMets ' to  net by it.     We would not then fear  nor merit 'continents] hat-rod' or Oriental contempt.   Undoubted ..brain power  there Is in iboth grail political panties,  but there is nn alarming Indkof backbone, heart and sympathy for the willing musses; 'In fact, 'hostile legislation  'to  the  masses  Is acceptable. to both  liberal   and   conflcrvnit-tve    politicians.  iBut there Is yet hope for the people,  and It ties in UUie return to power of  an 'Independent liiibor party orginnlscd  on a'broad busts,- whose (rrterests are  the people's, unburdened with a load of  party  political nln,  many   corrupting  promises and   neglected   opportunities  toi legislate   In   the   interests   of the  'masses instead of - the. party classes.  At present what credit to, It ito a poll-  itlolan to be (sailed a, MfcMtonier illiberal  WAITERS AND WAITRESSES.  To the Editor ol The Ixdu-sksext:  Sir,���Eighteen     months   have',:.now  elapsed since the Cooks, Walters and  Waitresses' Union was 'first organized  in .this city, and It Is".time to cull the  attention of -some of'tlie other unions  to our existence.   It is n woll-taiown  fact that for months many union men  havo been patronizing exclusively nonunion  houses,  and,  In spite  of  tlielr  knowledge of the true .state of affair:),  atlll continue to board with men "and  women wiho pay the lowest conceivable  wages to..'their .wftlttfra and,waitresses,  and , refuse point-blank to; have a.ny-  tlilng to do with unions or. unionism.  It Is .the intention of this organization  to write for publication a series of lct-  tera dealing exhaustively with ithe3e  matters; and as data concerning these  hotels and restaurants has bean steadily accumulating for some .months,; it  is.to;be boped tlia.t the employers will  see the folly of .their present course-,  and direct their attention towards itflio  Interests of  union men  and   women,  which will by jio means diminish their  own standing or profits.   To .many of  those"who refuse to pay union ��� wa'g^s,  unionism is the synonym  of  agitate.  To others it Is the symbolism ol despotism,  because   It often  defeats   the  moneyed schemier Jn his .attempt to rob  the bread-wInnCT, and deprive Mm of  the fnults of .his labor.- But���'.Mie.-.rllest  of all employers Is he who asks for a  union  card,, in   order   to  gain   union  patronage, and then refuses ito pay the  standard wages.   It is our intention to  deal   with  them seperr.toly,  for  there  are several of themv'.&nd all good union  men will Shortly be warned ln older  thnt they may assist In publicly exposing certain hotel-keepers who are using  their utmost endeavors  by..the vilest  machinations to crush'out-of ^existence  the C, XV. and W. union.   'An attempt  will also be made to persuade commercial      travellers    to    patronise    union  houses, and.circulars will .be1 sent to  the various unions ln   all  the    coast  towns, ivitha list of all the union "an-J  non-union ihouses In this city.   Should  the travellers: refuse to render assistance   th3  Trades  and  Labor  Council  will be called upon- to ren-de'r.ithe necessary assistance through the medium of  the merchants who deal  with outside  ill-pis,. and -who cannat'alTord to'ignore  unionism at this lnte day.   So far,''we  have had an  uphill .light���-a .fight for  existence.   Obstacles   are   being   con-  stamtly thrown in our path, and many  who   profess   to   be ' our   friends are  crafty dissimulators.   Intimidation Ins  liftTi our common lot.',in ���their attempt  ,to .humiliate-and crush us, tout in the  face of it allwe are determined to sink  or swim.   At an early date, two prominent hotels    will be dealt    with, find  their  methods of  treatment    towards  their employees will be commented upon caustically.  PRESS AGENT, C. W. W. UNION.  Vancouver, Nov. 27, 1901.  NEW   ZEALAND'S   EXPERIMENTS  The colony of New Zealand Is making advances In the direction of state  socialism, which could not be attempted  with  safety  where the authority  of government extends  over  a large  area.    The state-ownfed railway,  with  Its varied and extensive requirements,  has led  to  further extensions of the  sphere of government.   Tire latest departure Js a project for the establishment of government coal mines.   The  annual consumption of coal for the various branches of Idle public service is  150,000 tons, und .tWe railway alone requires 100,000 tons.     In    the   budget  speech of Hon. R. Seddon, .premier and  treasurer,  the following1, pointed-'.declaration  was mado: "'The   time hns  arrived  when the colony should  supply iltsclf with coal.    Thd  output  at  present does not adequately meet requirements.   Private enterprise Is not  meeting  general    and    Increased'-demands,''.'  The premier goes on In the  same definite way to explain that for  coal,   delivered    at    the,  government  steamers at GreymouCh   the   government  was asked  17s.  Cd.  a ton,  and  It was well known that the same coal  could be put on board with profit at  Ids.    The Inadequate supply and   the  Increasing demand had brought about  an lundesIrabJe'situntlon.   There was a  combination  of cool dealers,  and  the  niliie-ownoi-H  were working In unison  with ithem, the result ibeing that abnormally .high prices were charged to the  consumers.:  He declared 'that opening  a state coal mine would ameliorate, if  it dild 'not remove, the evil.   The trend  of opinion 'Is shown (by. the free prediction that in  the course of  time, and  should   It   be .n'ecessary,   the  go. ern-  mienit could,  In addition  to supplying  state .demands,  extend the output so  as  to enable the coal  to .be1 supplied  to ihouseholders  ut  reasonable    rates.  Another   reason,   given  for   the  state  stepping .in was the -necessity that existed for having ��i reserve of coal at  least at the four centres to meet contingencies   that  .night  aris��.    At  the  present itlme    the    arrival    of   extra  steiamera   and   vessels   requiring   coj.1  Interferes   \i_tih   the ordinary demand  and a coal famine ensues.   The boldness "of-'such departures 'may aeeni appalling to large nations, where interests arte so diversified that they cannot  be supervised from*a: government centre.    But  in  a Email  community  the  conditions are- favorable for a -mutual  understanding .between governing ami  governed, 'and  the relegation oC many  private and local affairs to a central an  thority.���Toronto-Globe.  THONE in.  P. O. BOX Me.  w. j. McMillan & c��.,  Wholesale Aoknts for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS |  Brand* t  MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA, BOUQUET  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,.  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TBIADBS AND LABOR  COUNCIL���President; John Crow; vice-  president, W. J. LaniTlck; secretary, T. H  Cross;' financial secretary, :W. 3. Beer;  treasurer, C. Crowder;,,-; statistician, W.  AIcKlssock:;sorgennt-at-arms. G. F. Lenfesty. Meetings���First and third Friday In  each'month,- nt 7.30 p.m., In Union hall,  corner. Dunsmuir .and. Homer streets.  JOURNEYMEN* BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION,.'.-No.'. 120-President,  G. AV. Isaacs; vice-president, A. H. Leg.  Katt: corresponding- financial secretary,  D. P. Johnson. 1C5 Hustings St. East;  recording'"'scoretnry, CD. Morgan;  treasurer, J. - A. Davidson; guide, 'J.. A.  Stewart; guardian, E. Morgan; delegates  lo T. & L. Council: G. XX7. Isaiics. Meets  first and::. thlnl Wednesdays of each  month   Ln   Union .Hall..,.,.;'���  CCOICS,' WAITERS AND TVAITRKSSEiS'  Union, Local-No. 28. President, Chns.  Over; vice-president, XV. XV.-Nelson; recording secretary; Jas. H. Perkins; financial secretary', R. J, Loundcs; treasurer, XVm. Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at S.30 p.:m. In Unlon.Hall, corner Homer,  and' Dunsmulr ��� streets.  If You Have a  Telejione  just ring up 3-1-0���The Pio-  nees bteniu,Laumlrv���and chat  witli us about the >*K .V FINISH  we nre putting on, shirts,; collars  and cuffs. It is- the latest and  most approved in the laundering  of fine linen. We have been very  highly complimented ou this oar  latest improvement, by transient  as well as our roguInr"eu_.tomera.  If you liave no telephone���hail  one of our drivers���ho will bo glad  to give you full particulars.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  !No"22G'meet the last Sunday In each  month at. Union hall.r President, C.-'S.  Campbell; vice-president. George Wilby;  secretary, S. J. Gothard; P. O. box 6S;  treasurer. *W. Brand;: sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew Stuart; executive committee,, E.  Ij. Woodruff.: S. K; Robb, J. H. Browne  N. ���Williams; delegates to Trades and  Labor counclli J. C.Marshall, Robt Todd,  J. H.  Browne.  Pno.NE 346. 010 - 914 R.cnABDs St  Downtown* Oitice, No. -i Ahcadb.  WHITE LABOR ONLY.  t The letter signed "Unionist," le political action, .has .been crowded out,  but wiill appear in nex't Issue. / ���  ���The Bnlsh ship Red Rock sailed  from Steveston on Wednesday with'a  cargo of S3.0CO cases of salmon for tho  British market.  INDEPENDENT LABOR PARTY.  "Resolved���That this convention calls  on the worlclnginen of the United  States, to unite for independent political action, in >a party having as Its  avowed object the overthrow of the  capitalist system and the establishment  of the co-operntive commonwealth���  that i��, the ipublic ownership and operation of-tire means of production for  .public service instead of for private  profit."' The above lesolution has 'been  adopted by the New Yoi'k'Central Federated Union, with Instructions to Its  delegate to present it for adoption at  the.conven.tlon of the American Federation of Laibor winch convenes In '  Scranton kni the early part of December.  STREET RAILWAY MIEN'S UNION���  ;Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  each, month, .in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and*Hastinps Street  atsS p. m. President, G. Dickie: vlcc-'pro-  sldent, John Frlzzell: secretary.; A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H.; Vandcrwalker; conductor, Ed. Manning; warden, D. Smith;  sentinel,; T.1 Dubberley; ������.-,.delegates,'.���.;.to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jus. Barton. Geo. -Lenfesty, G. Dickae  and ,'.H. A.  McDonald.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and -Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth; Thursday In Union  Hall, room No.*3; President/ G. Dobbin;  vice-president, J.' M. Sinclair; recording  secretary, XV.t T.,--MacMulIen; .financial  secreta ry.;. H. ;��� S.* Falcon er: ' treasurer. J.  Ferguson; conductor. R. MacKenzle; warden, J. McLeod; delegates to T. and L.  council;', Robt.; Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M.  Sinclair.  When you insure be sure and get an  accumulation policy from H. Williamson.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up of tho weak"���SOc bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  The Mint  Is   the   new   saloon  at   the-corner  of Carrall and Hustings streets. .Case  goods are the best, and the prices O. K.  Soattle.Rainier.beer.S cents.��� ���������~  UNION BAKERIES.  W. D. Muir, Mount (Pleasant.  .W. Murray, Prior street.  Montreal Bakery) Westminster; avenue.  P. Adams. Scotch Bakery, Hastings  street.  W. D. Kent, 50 Cordova street.  J. jOben. Hastings street.  Mlnchen Co., Grnnvllle^street.  ���Barnwell, Bros.. Granville street.  Largen & Tupper, Granville street.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE. ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hall, tlie first and  third- Tuesdays of 'each , month. : T.; A.  Phillip, president: ,W.. JJ'-Lamrlck, secretary, 245 Princess' street  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. M.; meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters'^liall.Van Anda. President,  R. Aitken; vice-president, C'.-A. Melville:  secretary, A. Raper, Van Anda, B. C:  treasurer,: H.'V. Price; conductor,' P.  Burt; warden; John Llnklater.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 183-  Meets. second and* fourth Wednesday in  each month ; in Union Hall. President  Wm. Beer; corresponding ! secretary. "E.  Tlir.mtns, ��� 726 .Hamilton street;, financial  secretary, J. H. MoVety, 1211 Seymour  street.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sun-  shine of California, SOc bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquqr..Co., 740 Pender streot.  Telephone  turn-out. J.  stables.  1���2���5 for a fine liven  J. Sparrow, Palace liver;  Drink Red Cross Beer, tlie beer that's  pure, 76c pints, $1.60 doz. quarts, (fold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  Now, gontleuien, tiere is the shop to  got your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  When you --rant to htre a ant-elaus  aoree u4 buny, so to tbe _p*l*c��  Uv��fy iUMm. Telephone 116..  PARIfl GREBN. HUI_L__JBOR___  AND WHALE) OIL SOAP for <be ex-  termlnalton of the CUT WORK; and  o*her iuseotx���Itor aale tor tiie SIcDow-  ��U, Atktim, Watoon CScaapany, Tha  DniBSfstai, VaocouTEr.  VANOOin'ER FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets In Labor Hall, Homer  street,' every first and third Saturday In  each month at $ p. m. Ernest; Burn, president: Chas. Durham, secretary, 847 Harris street.  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points ln Canad* and the United States.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED THAR*  , CROSSING THE COKTINENT. ,  SAILINGS FOB JAPAN AND CHINA.  Empress of China  Dec's  Tartar Dec. is  Emprem of India Dec.��  and every four weeks thereafter.  SAILINB FOR HONOLOLD AND AUSTRALIA.  Mlowera B^c u  Aorangi   Jan'_��.,  Moana..... SM.V  aud every four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars aa to time rates at*.,  apply to ,  E. ��� J. COYLE, JAMES SCLATBB, '  A.Q.P.A ���   Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C. 428 Hastings 8t,  Vancouver, B. O.  JOUREIMEN BAKEIR8' < AMD, -CONFECTIONER'S' International f.Union of  America. Local No. 46, Vajicooiver, B.  C. President; James Webster; vtee-preel-  dent,,J. W. Wilkinson; recording secretary. Murdo MaoLean, 2721 Westminster  Avenue; financial secretary,' H. MoMullIn  Toronto Candv, Co.; treasurer,- W. : A.  Wcods, 353 Ninth Ave,__Mt_ Pleasant:  corresponding1 ~ secretnirv, F. Ro-wllngs,  Barnwell   Bros.,   Granville  street:' mas-  CaGARM'AKERS' "UNION |NOl 367-  Meets the flrst Tuesday in each month  In ; Union Hall. ��� ��� President;; A.�� Koehel;  vice-president, P. Crowder; secretary.  G. Tliomas, Jr.; 14S Cordova street west;  treasurer, S.-. W.:. Johnson;' sergeant-at-  arms. J. XV. Brat; dolegates ��� to Trades  nnd Labor Council, J. Crow, C- Crowder,  C.  Nelson.  71;  ���!.���(}���'������  .��(.:  ic  Works.  Ifnttortera and Botf!er��  GORE AVE.   'PHONE  ' SOLE AGENTS.  783.  BROTHERHOOD OP PAINTERS AND  ���DECORATORS, Local Union No. 138,  Mtets every Thursday in . Lnbor Hall.  President XV. Pnvlcr; vice-president, E.  Crush: secretary, C. Plnder, 1759 .Eighth  nvenuo, Falrvicw;! treasurer, ��� H. MeSorley.  THERE IS  m BAmm  ���    * _���  of Fire or Injury to'  "Ke^tH^wHenyoiS^e^  the  JOURNEYMiEN TAIIjORS1 UNION OF  AMERICA, No. 17S���Meet* alternate  Mondnya In. room 1, Union Hail. President, F. Wllllamn, vlce:preHldent, Miss  Graham; recording secretary, H. O.  Burrltt; financial recretary, Walfred  Lnrson: treasurer, C. E. Nollaon; aer-  Ronnt-at-anna, A.  J. Kennedy.  For the next SO daya you can get a suit at  your own price at  THE   ACME  To Introduce our new ijrstaa of UlUilsg k��  lore our Fall Stock an Jr��a.  21 MW(N_ 9&  t. L Waai. Citter,  The   price   is now,  such that almost ev- ;  erybody can afford it. ',  Once   used, always  used.   Apply at Office of  II. [tt ft I  LTD.  Cor. Canall and Hastings,  Streets.  7ii  1  ;l.:'l'.t  ���.'pT!'Cj-i!  >-����Kl.".-;  ^n^rr^H^zr  s-ml SONG.  U til the dreams we drccm, d��r,  Should happen to be true;  If half what we dream, dear,  Should come to me and you;  Or just suppose a single one  Were granted us some day,  U tl   ' one were a fond one.  We'd dream our lives away.  If ill the dreams we dream, dear.  Should vanish in a day;  If not the simplest one, dear,  Should ever coma our way,  We'd drckin onjust the same, dear,  Thou;:!, the fairies mljjht not stay,  And dreams woutd be aa sweet, dear,  For what tliey are today,  ���Rhod* Janet Walker in Huston Transcript  TEST OF  I  I  $  _��"  s ���  S      By Jobo H. Rafferly,  5  '���' The friendship between Senator Ilnr-  .bine and old Newt Stuart was for twenty years one of tlio ninny anomalies  and one of tlio few edifying conditions  that distinguished tlie socinl life of the  capital. Newton Stuart wns a newspaper correspondent���nobody knew how  old, but the dean of-the press gallery,  beloved nnd undisputed. Senator Harblne held a similar position lu that exclusive, clublike organization known as  the United States seuate. Old Newt  hailed from Louisiana, nnd bis senatorial friend was from Ohio, so tbat ns fnr  as an exchange of official favors might  go there was no apparent reason for  their unfaltering affection for each other. Newt couldn't "boost" Hnrbine if  he wanted to aud had never stooped to  accept patronage of auy kind from tlie  Louisiana legislators who hud come  and gone during his long career as  Washington correspondent.  : So far as nny outsider knew, there  were only three grounds for the mutual admiration between Newt and the  old senator���viz, fishing, terrapin aud  mint julep. Outside of Washington  such paltry matters will probably never  be regarded as adequate-motives for a  great and lasting friendship, but in  Washington the three delights named  are "sometimes of vaster moment than  the making of treaties or the establishment of national policies. Newt wus  the champion terrapin chef of Washington for a generation. Harbine's mint  Juleps wore the wonder and envy of all  comers. 7 Bartenders made their repu  tations by advertising "the Ilarbine  Julep," and restaurants, cafes and hotels won'patronage by announcing "terrapin a la Newt Stuart."  IJutwhen it came to fishing neither  tho senator nor the reporter would  ��� yl"ld the palm. For a dozen years they  had gono fishing together. As many  times had they come home in raging  debatoas to which; bad caught the  greatest weight of fish, which had cast  fly or bait the furthest or which was  most dexterous in playing a lino. Fishingwas the one rock upon which they  split incessantly, and once the subject  came up between them. they would  rail and boast at one. another till blows  seemed the only argument left. One  day Newt aud the senator, sitting in a  circle of most potent, grave-and .worthy lawmakers'at the Shorchaiu, challenged one another;to a.final test of  their prowess.as bait casters. Tlie idea  tickled tlie audience, though lt was  midwinter. Cases of wine and boxes  of cigars were freely wagered, and  finally each contestant went for rod  and tackle, and the whole p;u'ty trudged through the snow;across to Lafayette square for the duel.  The. distances were measured off. A  dangling pine cone was selected ns the  object to cast at, and each contestant,  using his own rod and reel, was to  have five chances, the decision, to go to  the caster who missed the least. It  was a walkover for the senator, for lie  whipped,his fly across .the. cone five  times successively, while poor ��� bid  Newt missed his' second shot and east  wide oh the'last He paid the wager  and swore that lt was the reel that  beat him.  "I bet fifty I can beat you right now  with that there gosh du'rned Meek reel  o' yourn!" sputtered Newt.  B.ut .tho.scnptor said It was time for  a'.'julep. wagged his head In triumph  nnd'led tbep'arty back to the hotel. ���  "I can bent you at bait casting with  any kind of n reel." Newt used to boast  -after that, "but tbat-shere Meek slzzlcr-  you've got ain't a reel at all; it's a llv-  in\ breatbin', conscious piece 6'witchcraft!"    '  .It was about two months after this  that Newt Intrenched himself forever  in old Senator Harblne'slovlug heart.  The letter's son,.whs the scourge'of his  ��� life. He liad been, expelled from West  .Polnt,...,dIscbarged-..frou_ half a dozen  goverhmc"ut'*:posltlons7nnd arrested a  dozen''{|u_(!8.' Finally a'letter from Mrs.  Harblne came from Cincinnati announcing that Dick had broke-loose  there on a'wild-debauch that''threatened to end disastrously,for the young  man himself and for the falf(namo of  his father's family.'' ���' '' ���  Senator Hnrbine handed the.letter to  old Newt. ,   *  "Newt.'you like my boy, I know," lie  growled. "He thinks more <o\ you than  he docs o' his own father. If you'll run  down, to Cincinnati and stop him, I'll  give'or get; you-anything In reason.,  riir.rlch. and I'n) strong',.wh_l] the ad-;  ���.l*-...'^���.I-'.. .-.    ,1 .....J...     1 '...'       \-   t     L        ���  satisfied and the senator's son pals,  icpeiitant and following old Newt  nroimd like a whipped dog. Old Harblne actually grew -younger and gayer  us the days grew into weeks and the  weeks Into months and his boy showed  no signs of n relapse.  "By Jehosaphat, Newt!" he swore at  his frleiid one night. "I'm Mowed If  I don't believe you've cured the whelp.  You got to take something just to give  me a chance to show how I appreciate  what you've done. Why. mother was  breaking her heart over Dick. I never  showed how.his doings hurt me, but  tfcey wore Justt killing me. Vuu'ro  poor, Newt, nnd you're getting old-  don't deny It���you'll have .-to quit this  blessed newspaper business pretty  toon, and I'll bet you haven't saved a  hundred dollars. Come, Newt, be fait  with me. Let me loan you at least a  few thousand? Eh? Or say, better  yet, take Hint house and lot up In N  street. I don't want It, nnd It'll net  yuu two thousand per. What d'you  say?"  Hut Newt would only abuse old Harblne for his pains and turn the talk  Into a string of "Joshing." The senator  however, was so serious iu his determination' to do ' something for Newt  that the dispute between them grew  ncute and almost bitter. Newt was  getting old. Nobody know whether ho  had saved anything, but everybody  knew that the time for his retirefnent  was at hand. As months went by and  old Harbine's solicitude about rewarding him waxed more earnest and persistent poor Newt's powers of resistance began to wane. The senator saw  it and was glad. The two old friends  became inseparable. Terrapin suppers  and bouts with innumerable mint  juleps became continuous. Spring was  merging into summer when the old  correspondent yielded finally to the  tempter.  "Senator," began Newt one night as  they sat on the hotel balcony, "I've  made up my mind to take that reward  you insist on giving me."  "God bless you. old man," chuckled  Hnrbine, tinkling the lee in his big  glass.  "I'm not golug half way about it either," resumed Stuart, looking up with  an evident effort to muster his courage.  "I'm going to hit you hard. I'm"���  ' "Fire away, you old fraud!" laughed  the senator. "You know well I'd give  you the shirt off my back."  "I'm going to retire at the end o' the  year," continued Newt, "and I'm not  going to work anymore.' I"���  H "Bully boy! Go aheadI'Maughed Harblne.  "Id fact, I expect to pass the rest of  my life in ease���fishing, in fact."  "That's the stuff! How miich'll It  cost a year to keep an old hermit like  you in terrapin, mint and bourbon?  Let 'er go. Newt!"  "Never mind what it'll cost." Here  Newt swallowed the lump In his throat,  coughed a * few times, and . let go tlie  thunderbolt:  "1 waut that Meek reel o' yourn!"  "Newt," bawled tho seuator, getting  pale���"Newt, you don't mean it?"  "But I do mean It. Are you going to  make it good?"  "Oh, Newt," groaned old Harblne,  "don't get so. grasping!; Take the house  In N street. It's worth nearly ton thousand."  "Nope," drawled the Inexorable Stuart. "No real estate for me. I'd rather  have that reel than half o' Capitol hill.  Do I get it?"  Thesenator strode up and down the  balcony a dozen times lu moody silence. Once be paused before Newt as  If to utter further protestations. He  finished his julep, made another; tinkled a faint knell with the ice in his  glass and fairly groaued:  "It's yours."���Chicago Record-Herald.  HOPE. --������  And can a thing created live'and Its creator die?  If worthy deed mid worthy thought may not be  lost, then why  Should man pass down this finite lite and ruin  mark his way?  Who builds for earth may well expect his treasures to decay.  But he, the man ot worthy deed or man of worthy  thought,  Builds uol for time nor fame.   The battle of tJiia  -���:     life Is fouKht  And won b.v lnm alone who climbs so high that  he di.'.lains  To look below fur hope and fame and following!  of tlieir trains.  Oh, men of worthy deed!   Oh, men whose thought  eiilii.'.iled lifel  We, walt-liinir lor your footprints in the midst of  l.-.il and strife,  Take I'onrsne and toilers that there Ii no denial  night.  And we press on to (Ind as ye have found Eternal  l.ltht.  " ���S. A. II. In New York Times. ,  ���thing that would attract the attention  of tho least observant.  A large gold spilt ring, elegantly chased aud evidently of antique manufacture, to which was suspended a common copper Knglish penny piece. The  combination was so Incongruous, so ludicrous, that I could not refrain* from  taking it in my hand to examine.  "Oh, please don't touch that," exclaimed the dying girl. "It Is all I  have."  Then there was a story to It!  When I had prescribed a simple palliative for the racking cuugh and had  given Instructions for other simple  treatment, 1 went down stairs again  with the mother.  "You saw the penny and the ring,  doctor," she said, "and you wondered.  Is It not so?"  I confessed thnt I had felt" a little  curious to know its history, and here  C��0*8*6)*0*����'ffi6����*O*9������a*�� j is whnt tho old woman told mc  1 COPPER      S  % AND  p *  <D��o��o$'fi68��etoe��e��e*o��8��&^e  GOLD $  I was practicing medicine at the time  In ltotherham, a large, struggling town  six miles south of Shetlield, in York-  shirt,  South Yorkshire coal'district.  It Is a rough class of people with  whom a general practitioner generally  has to deal In such a district, though  there are some very big swells In tha  neighborhood,- to he sure. Still, ns is always tlie ease in life among the roughest and most .uncouth, one sometimes  finds a gentle [lower.  Such a sweet exception was little  Elsie  Underbill,'''to  whose bedside  I  The old gold ring had belonged t*  Elsie's great-grandmother. It had oneo  been a thumb ring. Elsie looked upon  It as a sort of heirloom and had carried It with her as a sort of talisman  since childhood. One day, after she  hud kuowu Mr. Wllllngtou a few  months before they were engaged to  be married, the young man had laugh-  _. __���_       Ingly pulled from his pocket a penny  England,  in  the  heart of the' through   which   some  foolish   person  ' had bored a hole. Elsie was just about  to appear In a new* character, so Horace, In fun, remarked: "Take this penny nnd keep It for luck. You will never fail in a part so long as you keep  It."  Elsie entered Into the spirit of the  tiling and said, "Now, If I could only  get my own talisman' split I would  hang the penny on to it.','  "That Is easily done,!' Baid Horace,  as he took the ring in his hand and  TO HELEN.  Helen, thy beauty Is to mo  ��� Like those Nician barks of yor��  That gently o'er a perfumed sea  The weary, wayworn wanderer btft  To his own native shore.  On desperate seas lone; wont to roam .-  Thy hyacinth hair, thy classic face,  Thy nuiad aire have brought me horoa  To the glory that was Greece  And the grandeur that was. Home.  Lo. In yon brilliant window niche  How siatuelike I ecc thee stand,  The agate lamp within thy hand I  Ah, I'syche. from the regions which  Arc Holy Land!  ���Edgar Allan I'i  OOOoCoOoOcCccooOoQoOoOoCco  MISPAH,  o  O  o  O  o  ��������        ��  Tho Story of a King Who Lovedl ��  a Commoner. O  o  was called professionally on the even, j admired Its chasing.  "I will take It to  ministration.,? HoneAt. (now; Nc>wt, I  kno'wJ'}*ou 'Dover cared for money,' and  you have-no family, but if you'll stop  this Cincinnati Jag o* Dick's I'll give  you a' bousp-and lot or���or���anything  you want."''**1'   ".* '.";'  '" "'    '''"'  Newt, started.}:fo_rr;Cibclnnatl   lhat  night. Nobody ever knew Just what he  Inio or did to Dick Harblne, but In a  - week they came back, Newt silent And  Sonntla That Cannot He Heard.  A stone thrown into the water produces ripples. In the same way if you  strike something, as a drum, there are  ripples in the air, and the disturbed atmosphere reaches the ear as a sound.  The slower the ripples or vibrations  the deeper the sound.  Tlie deepest audible sound In a musical Instrument* Is' that of the great  thirty-two foot pipe of the organ of St.  Paul's, which gives sixteen vibrations  a second. That is probably the deepest  sound that'the' human ear can .catch.  Yoii listen to it, rolling through the. sacred edifice like distant thunder, nnd a  little thought wnTcunble you to realize  that tlicre may be sounds Inaudible to  you. but which you can feel. The deep  tone pervades your entire being until  you have some doubt whether you real-  ly*hear~or'feel" It; :   * ~'~i   ���  The thunder of the cataract of Niagara produces a note with exactly half  tne number of the big organ pipe���;tlmt  is, eight vibrations. You cannot bear  the'bote; but It can be recorded by delicate instruments and you can feel each  of the.eight waves beat against your  car drum. The great volcanic eruption  of Krakatoa produced n musical note  of four vibrations u second.n It was  registered by .'meteorological Instruments in different parts of the world.  The Rat and the Sirnn.  During a dreadful storm, when tho  river Tyne liud.Hooded tlie country all  around, a number-of people were ns-  seuibledwatching tlie huge masses of  hay swept along In Us rapid course.  At length a swan came In slghl. si niggling sometimes fur land nml at others  sailing. In- Its stately iniiimer nltiug  With tlie torrent. As It drew near a  black spot was observed un Its fcn'invy.  plumage, which the spectators were  astonished to Iind was a living rat. nail  It is pr<jbpble' It had hern: lioftfe; 'from  Its dwelling In some hay rick and. si-  lng,the,s^van..had hastened ui it. fer a  refuge. On>-tbe. bird arriving on land  the rst leaped off Its back null scinii  pered' nway, "but a man luivlrig,rio,'r��'''  sped for the sagacity which the rat  had displayed, killed It with a biow of  bis rtatt,  lug of Nov. 22. 1S73. It is a long while  ago. and 1 doubt much if any of the'  persons connected with the little story  I am about to tell, should any of thetn  still be surviving, will remember Dr.  Newman. At any rate, uot one of those  who knew me will be hurt, and the one  person against whom I shall have much  to say is so mean and contemptible, in  my opinion, that I care little for his.  It was a poor little home I was called to In Church street, where Elsie's  parents lived, but very different from  tho dirty, carelessly kept cottages and  small houses lu the vicinity. Hut I am  not going to weary you with n description." I was met by the1 dear, old kindly faced mother ut tiie door, where, before taking me up stairs to the tiny  room .where;lay, her suffering daughter, she told me something.of her-,history.  Elsie was only Just turned nineteen,  hut she had already made herself a  reputation which was : honorable and  ennobling. The years before,' when  just turned sixteen, being a pretty and  well developed gill, with more than  the average amount of intelligence, she  had .obtained an engagement at the local -then ter, where she had'appeared'In  '-thi!-character.,of Jeanle" Deans in Andrew Ilulllday's adaptation of Sir Walter Scott's novel, "The Heart of Midlothian." She had attracted a great  deal of attention. The : local correspondent of-a London theatrical paper,  The'Hornet, tlicn|VUie property of.Stephen Kiske, had spoken highly of lier,  and more than one London manager  had visited Uotherham to see her act.  There -wero. stock:companies in those  days.  Among the many young fellows who  had become infatuated by her beauty  wan one Horace Willington, the son of  a physician in Shellielil. a very rich  man: This young man's attentions, were  very marked. He obtained an Introduction to the young girl's parents,  and through them to Elsie. And then  he began a serious -courtship.  In every way his manner and apparent object were decidedly honorable.  Only one thing he omitted���he did hot  take her to,his own home.  In order to be near the man who had  completely won lier heart she refused  more than one lucrative offer to go to  London, where she would have at once  been ou the highroad to fame, and accepted an engagement at the Sheffield  Theater Royal, which, being close, to  her own home, she could, also reach  very easily. Here ber opportunities  were wider than in Uotiierliam, It Is  true, and here she succeeded In Increasing her already high reputation.  She remained In Sheffield two seasons,  playing during- the summer a series of  traveling engagements throughout the  northern counties.  Then camea'pi'opbsalfrom'a great  I_oiidon'-manager-whi'ch-wns-so' good  that she could not afford to neglect It.  Her aged-mother went with herto the  city of smoke and fog. aud In September, 1S73. she made her debut before a  London audience at tbe Princess' theater.,-; Less thnn a mouth later her hciilth  entirely..gave way, and she found It  necessary'to throw up her engagement  and return with'her mother to the little' home In j'ltotherham: Iti'iwhlch she  had breathed her'earllest breath.  So much: her. mother told mc, then  took mc up to see lier'da lighter.  Did I say just now that she was Buffering'. That was hardly the case. She  \y:is dying of'rapid consumption. She  was too weak to suffer inuehrlhyKlcal-  ly, but'the broken heart was'glvlng'her  exquisite.torture. ���c*!'<.,'   : '  Sucli ii'lo.vely^glrl I.have rarely seen.  Krowii.curllugi,half swept hack from  .the sweet face ami long darlc laalics  shaded the blue gray.eycs.that.were all  i... inl..UL.iii..j,i'.'J  ���'.  ^.   ������   '-..  Evans'. In Shellleld, and have It split."  Accordingly he took the ring and In  a. few days returned it with tlie penny  hanging to It. Elsie fastened a ribbon  to it and wore it around her neck.  Alas, that ring and that penny were  the parallels of the characters of the  two persons to whom thoy had belonged! The one pure gold, refined and  chased by, a master hand, destined to  ���bo'broken'by the owner of the baser  metal which entered the golden heart  and broke It,in two and left It.  When she went to London, Willing-  ton followed Elsie, and there, amid the  follies aiid excitements of the-great  Babylon, be came out lu his true colors, a conscienceless, loveless scoundrel. It seems unnatural and untrue  that a man could deliberately lay plans  aud take years to mature them for the  ruin of a young girl's life, but so lt  was with Willington and Elsie Underbill.  rienty of,pepplo there are living yet  who remember the success of the  young actress on the Princess' boards  and. who remember with sorrow her  sudden departure and death.  Willington succeeded in his designs,  then left her, as It was afterward  known he had left others, to droop and  die or to go from bad to worbe. He  eared nothing. <  Elsie's sensitive nature was too high  strung. She could uot survive the disgrace even though it was apparent only  to herself. Her heart broke, and In  the early weeks of December, when  the narrow little Church street and  the roofs of the neighboring cottages  were covered with snow, when the  .timid'robin hud become so,tanie as to  fly to the windows of human habitations for the food of charity; when the  'world was beginning to prepare Its annual festival of "peace and good will  toward men," the poor little actress,  who was a delicate flower In the midst  of a life of nettles nnd brambles, withered and passed away, to be transplanted In the garden that is kept forever beautiful by those angels whose  duty it Is to soothe and comfort those  poor waifs of humanity wlio are uot  strong enough to overcome humanity's  blows and buffets.  What became of Willington? I have  never heard of.him since. Somewhere,  probably, he holds an honored position  ou earth, for he.,wns rich, and wealth  on earth covers Innumerable sins: but  surely when bis time comes to go to  that bourn from which no traveler ever  returns he will be met by the dark recording angel.with a page not yet blotted out.'ori whlcli he will be shown���  :A peuny suspended from a pure gold  ring. ' ' '  luteilliifenfce 'muV had, been w'out 'to 'fill  her uudleuces with blind enthusiasm.  ' The little room In which'she lay was  filled with delicate "femlulne kulck-  knncks, reminiscences of Jicr, favorite  roles, .souvenirs ; of'Micr*"professional  friends, all, arranged about the room  with gentle, 'thoughtful love,by her  stricken mother.' But most Interesting  of all was a rather curious thing hang-  lng above her pillow on tbe bedpost by  a aarroir blue rlbbta.   It was torn*  The Jadm Tree.  The Judas tree ' Is' a native of the  southern countries of Europe, and is  a handsome low bush with a'��� flat,  Tpreadlug~t"op7"_lirtlie~spring"lt ls~proT  fusely covered with purplish pink blossoms, which burst out before the  leaves begin to unfold. The blossoms  have an agreeable, acrid taste nnd are  made Into salads and sometimes fried.  There Is an ancient tradition that-Judas hanged himself from this species  of tree. A tree called tho Judas tree Is  common to some parts of the American  coutlncut. It differs somewhat from  the one described, but the blossoms are  made Into good pickles,, and the young  twigs arc bought by, ,dyers ' for the  brownish pigment contained'In tlieni.  The Judas tree draws great numbers  of bees around to feed on the sweets  contained In Its blossoms.  o  O  o  O  o  C>  o  O  o  O  o  OoOoOoOoOoOoOOoOoQoQoQoQoo  It was an ideal May. At one of the  biggest houses in London a ball was In  progress. The small hours had come,  and out over.the tops of the trees the  moon was shining. In the park'n man  and a girl were sitting out dance after  dance..  The man wns of courtly presence and  splendid physique, with face clean cut  ns a cameo, red gold hair and pointed  beard, wondrous even there lu the half  light, and blue eyes tbat fell before'neither'man- nor'woman.  In low, passionate tones he was  pleading with the girl at his si tie���  pleading tis strong men only plead for  life or love. But to all the fervor of bis  wooing she was adamant.  I'You do not love.mc, Blanche," he  cried at length.. "You have only been  playing with inc."  "Ah, Hex! What a lifetime: of regrets and loneliness I should be saved  If I did not!"  He caught her In his arms, raining  hot kisses on. her cheeks and lips. "  "My love! My life! How can I persuade you to forget everything but our  love for each otlier and marry ine'."  "Why do you tempt me? Why do you  love me? Why have we ever met?"  She half freed herself from his embrace and stood, ber bauds on his  shoulders, scanning bis face.  "Heaven only knows, since you Insist on parting again,", be answered.  "And yet you.say you love me."  "I do love you* with all my heart and  soul, Hex, my prince ofmen, my king!  Dm how,can I marry you? Would you  have your people say you had brought  them n country girl, a commoner, a nobody, from over the sea? In what disaster would the royal marriage end?  No. "no. my Ilex. Our dream ls over  tonight. 'We have come to the parting  of. the ways. : Co back to.your throne  and wed a woim'iu lit,to bo your mate���  a princess. And I���the memory of this  May madness shall go with me to tlie  grave, and no man shall call ine wifv."  "Iiefore <3od. Illanehe. I will never  marry any wouiiiu but you! There shall  lie a lifelong troth between us If yon  will have i��ihlng else."  He drew il ring set with blazing d!a-  mends from hls'owu linger uud slipped  it on hers.  ".Send it to me. darling," lie said, "if  In the years to come you repeat to-  nlg'it's decision, and I will be at your  side as fast us rail aud boat can bring  r.ie. And send It to me If the great  summons come first to you,* and It  shall' be .buried * with me. for love of a  peerlesswoman."  lie bent his handsome head and kissed lier again.  "I have uo Jewel-to glvo you back.  Hex." she whispered, "only this little  'Mlzpnli' ring���'The Lord judge be  tweeu me and thee when we are absent  the otie from the other.'.",  She raised her lips to his for a last  caress, and he kissed tbe teardrops  from her eyes, too, before he led her  back to the glare of the ballroom ami  the scrutiny of a score of pairs ol' jealous eyes and the murmur of a score of  envious feminine tougues, "She has refuse* him. the little fool."  To Prevent Point From Scnllna.  To prevent the paint on iron or wood  from sealing off when exposed to the  weather ' first' thoroughly wash "the  parts to be' painted and then brush  over the surface' witli' hot Unseed "oil.  By* following 'this method." especially  with'Iron, articles, no scaling-of the  paint .will occur. - In cases .where tbe  , articles .to be .painted,are small and  ' can' be "readily heated It Is, better.,.to  heat' them and' plunge them' into,the  oil:' The thin liquid oil 'when' hot "eft-  Ws Into the pore's1 of* the1' metal,*' absorbs the moisture, and tbe palbt then  upplied so firmly adheres that frost,  rein or air cannot affect a seiiaratloUt '  Blanche Drummptid sat.sewing at the  open window of ,n gray, ivy grown  house, with the golden sunshlue'of another May. ten years after, showing  up all the tlnger prints that relentles?  time and trouble bad placed, on her  beautiful face.,  Squire Driimmond had never possessed more wealth than would 'suffice fo'  his own requirements and those of a  prodigal sou, and It bad been a standing grievance to him that his diuiglitet  had so, steadily refused every offer "of  a rich husband. He did not know the  story of the diamonds on her left hand,  and, moreover, he bad no soul for sentiment.  Now that he was gone to bis long  home and the prodigal for ofMn a foreign land Blanche lived on at the old  country house with the aunt Who ten  years previously had chaperoned her  one London season.  Suddenly that lady looked up from  the newspaper she was reading.  "Do you remember the; king of.Stcr-  via, Blanche," she asked���"the handsome man with the red beard? He called himself the Count von Glenclien  that, season we met hlni In London."  Her eyes were dimmer than they had  been ten years ago, and she did not  seethe flush on 'her niece's cheeks as  she murmured assent, but went ou ln  blissful unconsciousness.  "Here Is news of hlni. He,Is going  to be married: at lust.'! ��� And she read  aloud: , ,  .''It Is officially, announce'd that, a  marriage has been arranged to'take  place shortly'between his majcsty'Klng.  Res'of Stervla and'her royal'highness  Princess Flnvlaiof Rhodanln*.". ; '���  That was all���ouly'aibald press paragraph, but It set tbe sweet May sunshine all dazzling before Blanche  Drummond'i  eyes  and  brought  tha  waves of the ocean surging through  her cars.  "Before God, Blanche, I will never  marry any woman but you!"  He bad forgotten her, then. Even a  king could forget his vow.  Sho put away her sewing presently  and went up to:her own 'room'. Out  over, the woods,- yellow green In their  young leaves) 7nnd -the distant sea,  shimmering sapphire, the sunshine  swept lu a flood of gold. The: birds  twittered a hundred glad Fongs.nud the  scent,of the Iliac and hawthorn bung  ou the air. But she beard nothing save  llie memory voice of her king lover's  pleading, saw nothing hut his diamonds on her hand���diamonds that  mean constancy! Ami he was about  to do ns she had urged him���marry another woman. Ah. well! When the  Princess. l-'lavla was queen of Stervla,  she would put away Ills love pledge  forever.  The days crept ori. aud the weeks,  and now and then a paragraph appeared In the; papers anent the forthcoming royal wedding, ' It was brought  to :remembrance that Klug Hex was  the handsomest ruler In Europe. The  Princess l-'lavla was said ;to be beautiful dud,accomplished.' The names of  the bridesmaids weie announced and  llie clergy who were .to officiate, ami  then came the entire programme of the  great event.   *  , Blanche road Ittill through as though  It were part of a dream. In Imagination -she saw lier owu name lu place  of that of Princess I'Mavla. It'might  have been. Yet not: once did she repent her decision of that fateful -May  night. She still believed tbat to have  yielded; to her love and married him  would liave been the greatest wrong  she. could have done bim. Ami so his  wedding morning dawned In that tranquil country: spot, and Blanche, Drum-'  mond's left baud was tiiiuus its blazo  of diamonds. She wandered out into  the garden that mornlug, restless aud  agitated and. sitting in a tiny summer  house beneath a big lilac tree, fell  a-musing whllctthe hours passed, and  by and. by the glare lot.'- the noonday  sun warned her to return to the house.  As she nenred the garden gate the  vicar was passing ou the road outside,  and "mechanically she paused to speak  to lilm.  "So  you   have .-'returned,   Mr.  loughby;'';. Have  you   completed  business In'town satisfactorily?"  ."Thankyou,; yes." he answered.  I feel like a giant refreshed by these  few. days in Loudon���one; drops Into  such  a  rut,  forever  In  the country.  Of course you' have  not  heard  this  morning's news?"  "No. What has happened?"  "The king of Stervla, who was to  have been married today, you know,  was found dead in his bed this morning."  With a choking cry Blanche reeled,  and before the viear could reach ber  she lay faint and prone on tlie graveled  path. I-'or hours she passed from one  lit of hysterics'to another. iTlie doctor  said lier nerves wero completely unstrung, and 'the shock of the vicar's  tidings had been the last straw.. ._. .  No one dreamed of connecting the  country girl, who hud not been in London except for three months of her life, '  Willi the king. who. instead of being  principal in the pageant of a wedding,  lay dead, it was whispered of poison,  lu his darkened palace.  It was I'or her lie had died. Blanche  felt assured, and by sheer effort of will  she overcame her nerves and her*anguish and waited���waited until on the  second day tlie postman brought her a  little package with many .foreign  stumps thereon. When she next summoned up strength to face tlio world*  again mid take up the burden of life,  every one marveled at the alteration  in her. Years older she looked. The  luster was gone from her eyes.'mid her  expression was tlint of a woman-who  liud just turned away rrom the death-  bed of all that the world: held'dear to  her. Above the diamond ring on ber  wedding linger was a plain gold circlet  engraved with the old tryst word "Mis-  pah." and next' her heart lay a letter,  tbe only,letter'she bad ever received ���  from her king lover:  lly Ulunche���You have Men ill the reports ot  my approaching iiurria^e, and you ure thinking  that i have altogether forgotten, the one woman  I love. No ao, my peerless Blanche. It has been  neiessary. for state reasons, to sequiesrc In the  mulch arranged for me, hy iny-minintcrs.. b.ut tonight 1 make my own quietus. No other courst  is open to me hut:the one 1 am about to take, believe me, Blanche; also 1 am delivering tlie princess from a' lifelong hypocrisy, for, .like myself,  siie has been forced Into : this..: I 'send back, the'  Ml.pah ring, and 1 know a mcriitul <Iod will  iudge me Innocent In the time we have been absent the one Irom the, oilier.! Wear 'It always for.  my sake.   .Heart ol my heart,.farcwcll...ui>tirwa  inctt.iii-the-laiid-wliere.all.are.eiiual' and_wbua   love Ii the only Ung. '    ' Hu_  -Ladies', Field.' i  Wll-  yonr.  "And  Moor Unths.  The moor'baths whlcli nre provided  at many Austrian am) Corinnii health  resorts, w'ere first used lit Fratizonsi  bud. In 1S23 Dr. Poschmann, a physician there, believed tlint he hnd found  In them a new,curative.medium.' Bud  they,have since become popular. Some  physicians still question lhelr e(Honey,'  While1 others In Austria'and (lennnny  rely upon them to render ghotl servlco  In many maladies. Though Ihe bath  Is composed of pent, or moor earth, to  >yhlch enough waierlms beeiinthled to  muke a. thick paste ,of the mass.' yet  the peat Is different from tlint which  Is extracted from a bog In Ireland or  Scotland.'  In both Ireland and Scotland the peat  Is used sr fuel.'   At (''rniizeiisliad (lie  mineralized peat will tioi;set;ve such a  purpose.. The bog front,which It Is extracted has been,saturated throughout  countless ages with,mineral water, and  tlie product Is a strong.chemical com-"  pound.' Tbusa'mdor butu'ls n'mineral  bath"In'a concentrated form,-and' ef-.  fects are produced upon the system by :  taking;,a course.iof. these baths which .  cannot be produced, according to experts, by any mineral water.���Blackwood's MokmIm.  ���'(ii  ^������TWBiwwW'JliiWwiftHfiMHWIiil THE INDEPENDENT*  VANCOUVER. B. C.  "IlatloiilioH'n Sold Here,"   ���  "Button Holes 'l-'or Sale He.e" is a  sign which peers out through a.rather  dirty window of a lower Iloor tenement on the east side, lu view of tlie  possibility that It might mean Just  what It snld and that tlie dealer really  sold holes for buttons n Tribune reporter investigated.  A woman whose dress was n mixture  of bathing suit and ball gown answered his knock.  "Vou sell buttonholes here?" w����  asked. ,.,  "Naw, we make 'em!" she exclaimed,  with ns much disgust as a very squeaky  voice was capable of showing.  "Well, the sign In the window says"���  "Never mind the sign!" she snapped  back. "Wlmt do you want with moV*  Sho was lluitlly persuaded to tell  something of her new business.  "You see, It's this way," she began.  "The working girls who live over her*  have to dress pretty well.ami do It on  little motley. Most of 'em makes their  own clothes, but they have not too  much time to do the work In. Now, If  you wiis 11 woman you'd know that It  was mighty bard to make buttonholes,  specially by hand. Poor girls can't afford buttonhole machines. -They make  up the dresses and bring 'em over to  us, and we put in the buttonholes at  so much a hole, 'cording to the kind of  stuff and bow well they wants it done.  Aud that's nil there Is to it,"  ��� Keeping at It,  There. Is a very old but very good  story about a boy who was engaged  one winter day In putting a ton of cool  Into a cellar. Ills only Implement was  a small fire shovel. No"Icing this, a  benevolent old gentleman expressed  surprise and commiseration.  "My son," said tlie gen-Ieman, "you  surely do uot expect to put ln all that  coal with that llttlo shovel?"  "Oh, yes, I do," replied the boy cheerfully. "All I have to do Is to keep at  it."  There Is a lesson in this story for  young and old, ami it Is exemplified In  the lives of tbe great men of the world.  It Is a mistake to suppose that the best  work of the world I.s doue by people of  great strength nml many opportunities.  "Keeping at It" Is the secret of success.  ���Exchange.  JUNABD'S LMEUT Cores DawM  There aro more dumb waiters than  dumb barbers.  Beware of Ointments for Catarrh  That Contain Mercury,  ns mercury will stiroly destroy tho souso of smoll  and completely derange tho whole system when  entering it through, the mucous surfucos. Such  articles should novor bousedozceptonproscrlp*  tlons from reput.iblo physicians, as the damage  thsy ,vill do is tenfold to tho Rood you can pos-  ibly dorivo from them. Hall's Cutnrrh Cure,  manufactured by P. J. Cheuoy & Co..Toledo, O,  contains no mercury, find is takoo internally,  acting directly upon tho blood and mucous sur-  ' faces of tho system. In buying Hall's Catarrh  Curo bo suro you get tho ffenuiuo. It Is taken  Internally, and mado in Toledo, Ohio, by JF. J.  Cheney * Co,  Testimonials free.  Sold b/pnifrsists, prlco We. per bottlo.  Hall's ^umity Tills are tho boat.  The avorngo man would feel bored  a good deal oftcner than he docs  wero he not accustomed to associating with himself.  Pear Sirs.���I was for seven years a  sufferer from Bronchial trouble, and  would be so hoarse at times that I  cojid scarcely speak abovo a whisper.  I got no relief from anything till I  tried your JHNARD'S HONEY BALSAM. Two bottles gave relief and  , six bottles "made a complete curo. I  would heartily recommend it to any-  ono sulTering from throat or lung  trouble,     t  J. F. VANBUSKIRK.  rredoncton."  A genius is a man who can make  other men believe he knows more  than they do.  HOW, TO OUBE HEADAOHE.-Som��  people suffer untold misery duy after day  with Hoadache, Thero is rust neiihordny or  night until tho nerves nre all unstrung. The  cause is generally a disordered Btomach, and  a curo can bo effected by using Fannolee'i  Vegetable Pills, containing Mundrake and  Dandelion, Mr. Finloy, Wark. Lynnndor,  P. Q., writoa: "I Iind ��� Parmelee'a Pills a'  first-class article for Bilious Headache,"  -Many a man is able to climb    to  _<iucce8s_bccau30--his-wi_e--holds���tne  ladder.  HWs Liniment Cures Burns, Etc,  Anyway, tlie pocket in n. woman's  dress is about as cosy to find ns the  Inside pocket in a man's vest Is to  get ut.'  SOZODOWTfobtheTEETH 25c  The Oreck government has secured  a monopoly of tho picture postal  awl business, anil hns issued cards  with 04 different vlows of famoiin  cities and other scenes.  WHAM'S LINIMENT for w bbwIbi  ANOTIIEH LEANING TOWER.  Tho famous leaning tower of Tisn.  has' a rival in tho Temple tower of  Bristol, in England. It is a square  towes of early.gothlc .architecture."  All its parts still prescrvo their normal relatlvo pbsltions.withaut'crncks'  or fissures'. Th'e": "tower,* which Is'  about 115 feet high, < is five feet out  of tho perpendicular at tho summit.  AMBER STARTLING OTTAWA CASl,  LETTER FROM MR. S. A. CiSSM.  Following r.he Report of G. H.   Kent's Cure   of Bright's  Disease by Dodd's Kidney Pills, an Ottawa Paper  Calls Attention to Another Remarkable Cure.  From the Ottawa Citizen.  W. N. U. No. 850.  A rcpicsentativo of the Citizen recently learned of a remarkable cure  of a well-known resident of Ottawa,  who has suflerod for years ��� with a  terrible allllction. Tho well-known resident ib Mr. S. A. Cassldy, and the  all. tell en was stone, In tho kidneys.  Tho Citizen representative called on  Mr. Cnssidy to verify tho reports of  Ills recovery and found them to bo  true. Ho i.s tho proprietor of tlie  Ciiou hotel. Motcalfo'street.  lie is known by almost everybody  and Is liked us generally as ho is  known. Ills hostelry is between tho  main cntrauco to Parliament Buildings and tho principal thoroughfare  of tlie city, nnd it is not to bo wondered at that he has more than a  nodding acquaintance with the gentlemen who hold the destiny of this  country in their iiands.'  When old residents of Ottawa are  in.a reminiscent mood and talk 'of  tlie good old sporting days, they'always associate the name of Sam Cas-  sidy who took nn active part in  sport 20 years ago. lie was a fast  runner, and jumper of local renown,  and took an active part in all lines  of sport. Today he ls forty years  old, and tips the scale at ��50  pounr's  Tho intimate friends of this robust  man have known that for the past  ten years he has been a sufferer from  a disease that ballled medical skill,  and that ho lias lingered between life  and death on many occasions since  he wu_> flrst attacked. At the initial  stage of the disease ' he was taken  with violent cramps in the left side  ot hi-; stomach, and the best skilled  physicians could afford him very little relief.   The attacks were of about  two weeks' duration, and when he  left I113 bod ho was reduced in flesh  nnd was almost a physical wreck.  Somo yeuis ago an eminent physician diagnosed his disease as "Stone  In tho Kidney," but even after tho  diagnosis tho physicians wero unable  to effect a permanent curo. Today  ho is a well anan. Ho has found a  lemcdy that has banished tho disease  ���n remedy that has cured where  medical aid was ineffectual.. The  remedy Is I-odd's Kidney Pills, and  Mr, t'assidy feels so elated over his  release from tho excruciating suffering that lie has given tho following  statement over his own signature to  a well-known Ottawa newspaper  mas.  Ottawa, Aug. 8, 1001.  liear Sir,���I want; you to publish  for the benefit of others who are suffering as I have suffered for years  about how I was cured of Stone in  the Kidneys. My friends all know  that I ha\o been a martyr to this  disease lor years. They know that  besides consulting the best physicians in thu city and trying overy  kind of remedy I could think of, I  was unable to got better. Some time  ago a frien.l of mine told mo that  Ut'dtl's Kidney Pills would curo me.  As a Inst resort I tried them and  thev havo cured mo. This is tho first  year in a great many that I have nol  be.:n conlined to my bed with the disease. I could not imagine moro severe suffering than one endures who  is afflicted witli Stone in the Kidney  and I feel,the greatest gratitude to  I.oda's Kidney Pills, for they have  cured me. Anyone who has suffered  need suffer no moro.  S. A. CASSfDY,  Ottawa, Canada.  Ladies' Special Me cold filled  Hunting case Kunriuiteod to near for  23 years, with either Waltlinm or Elgin movomont. A splotidid watch for  a school tonchor or nurso.  $l5.QO  Gent's Special open face, Ilk  Hold filled cirne guaranteed to wear  for 25 years, with either Wattham or  Eldhi moiemont. A good rollable  tlmo-pioce for any twin. Sont, to any  nddross. Money cheerfully refunded If  unsatisfactory und roturned at onco.  D. R. DINGWALL;  Ltd  414  Two Storos cg4  MAIN*   ST.  ��� DOCS OF ALASKA.  The dogs of Alaska aro called mali  amutes. Tliey are a cross betweon a  dog and a wolf, and work in harness soon after their birth.-Thoy do  not bark, but have a peculiar howl.  They lmve long hair, and can bleep  in tlie open with tho thormomtter 60  degrees below zero. Their usual food  is fish and seal blubber. They* aie  fed onca a day, usually at night.  Kl.AIL LITTLE ONES.  Their Hold Upon Life is Slight, and  Mothers Have a Great Responsibility.  .Every baby���every little one���requires constant care and watchfulness, and when a truce of illness is  noticcnble, tlio remedy, should be  promptly applied. The littlo ones'  are frail. Their hold'upon life is  slight. The slightest symptom ��� of  trouble should be met by the proper  corrective medicine". Baby's Own  Tablets have a record surpassing all  other medicines for tho cure of children s ailments. They are , purely  vegetable and guaranteed to contain  no opiate or poisonous drugs such  as torm the base of most so-called  "scoUiing" medicines. For sour  stomach, colic, simple fevers, constipation, all bowell troubles, tho irritation accompanying the cutting - of  teeth. sleeplessness and similar  svniptoms, these Tablets are without un equal. They act directly  upon tho organs which cause the  troubles, and gently but effectively  remove the cause and bring back the  condition of perfect, hearty health.  Every mother who hoi used these  Tu blots for her littlo ones praises  tlieni, which is tho best evidence of  their great worth. Mrs. David Duf-  flehl, Ponsonby, Ont., says : "Baby's  Own Tablots arc a wonderful medicine. 1 think theysaved my baby's  lii'e. and I gratefully recommend  them to other mothers. Ask your  druggist for Baby's Own Tablets. If  he does not keep them send' 23 cents  droit, to us and we will forward a  box prepaid. We have a valuable little booklet on the care of children  and how to treat their minor ailments whieli we will send freo of  charge to any mother who asks for  it. The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co.,  Krockville, Ont.  OvcrcomInsr llie Dlnlcnlty.  ���'I-Gee-thnt-tlie-quostlon^rrMcWBg  the north pole Is now largely one of food  supplies. Without food tbe most daring  and endearing evplorer Is fatally handicapped."  "Then we can't commence too soon."  "To dn what?"  "To tiflin up n lot of explorers to exist  on Hioivluill iiiiillini and ice fritters."���  Cleveland I'lniu Denier.  Notwithstanding tho great increiue  In population, only 1580 persons wero  condemned and punished for perjury  In Germany In 18911, ns against 1011  In iss__.  If a man thinks only of himself lie  hasn't much use for brains.  Sozodoiit  Good for Bad Teeth  Not Bad for Good Teeth  Sozocipnt;,; ��� . . ., 25c  Sozodont Tooth Powder 25c  Urge Liquid and Powder 75c  BALL fi: RUCK EL. Ken- York.  CHINESE ACCOUNT' OF DELUtUQ.  There has been discovered in China  �� curious picture, evidently of great  antiquity, which is supposed to represent Noah's ark resting on the top  of Mount Ararat. As is well known,  the religious literature' of almost  overy nation and race contains an  account of a deluge, but a Chinese,  manuscript recently unearthed follows very closely to tho story recorded in the Bible.  PiLE WM GIRLS.  HOW THEY MAY    GAIN   BRIGHT  EYES AND ROSY CHEEKS.  The Story of a Young Girl Who Suffered from Headaches, Dizziness  and Faiiting Spells���Her Health  Became so Bad That She Was  Forced to Give Up School.  Mi��s Catiierino McLcllan id a  young lady well known in Charlot/tc-  town, P.B.I., and greatly esteemed  umong her acquaintances. Liko so  many otlier young ladies throughout  the land, Miss McLellan fell a victim to anaemia, or poorness of  blood, and although several medicines were tried, she found nothing  to help her until she began using Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People.  Miss McLellan tells the story of her  illness as follows : "I am now lrf  years of age, and for a considerable  ti e suffered much -from anaemia.  My blood had almost turned to water, and I was very, weak and pale ;  in fact could not undergo the least  exertion. My uppctite failed mo ; I  suffered from headaches:"!! I ntoopctt  I would become dizzy, and frequent-,  ly I suffered from fainting spells. I  tried several kinds of medicine and  doctors proscribed for me, but instead of getting better I was gradually growing weaker, and eventually  had to discontinue going to.school.  About this time I read tho testimoii-.  Itil of a girl whoso condition was>  similar to mine, who had been cured  by Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. I Uien  i__Leidcd_to_try_tliese_:iJills,_and���have-  every reason to be gratified that 1  did so, as they have completely restored my health. Every one of the  symptoms that had made my life so  miserable have disappeared, and I  nm now enjoying as good health as  any girl of my ago could wish, and  I sliall always have a good word to  soy for Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.  Miss McLellan further stated thai  while she was not desirous of publicity in matters of this kind," she  nevertheless felt that her experience,  if known might be the means of  bringing health lo some other,sufferer, and it Is thlsovery praiseworthy motive that has induced her  to glvo the above statement for publication.  Dr. Williams' Pink Tills make rich,  rod blood, and give tone to the  nerves. It Is because of this that  they bring bright eyes, rosy checks  and light footsteps to girls who  havo been weary, pale and listless  and had begun to feel that llfo was  a bnrden. Pale and anaemic girls  everywhere should givo those pills  a fair trial, as they aro certain to  restoro health and strength. See'  that * the" full name "Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills for Pule People" is on  ,the wrapper around, overy. box. Sold  by all dealers, or sent postpaid at  50c n box, or six boxes for S3.50,  by addressing the Dr. Williams Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont.  .STRICTLY  ONE PRICE.  "Rvrie Bros." is a  STRICTLY ON'E PRICE  JEWELRY HOUSE. FROM  THIS RULE THERE IS  ABSOLUTELY NO DEVIATION WHATPVER FROM  JANUARY TO DECEMBER,  NOT EVEN TO THE EXTENT OF A  IOC. PIECE.  This, in conjunction  with our system of  marking1 all goods in  plain figures, makes it  just as easy and safe  for a child to shop at  "Diamond Hall" as"  the most experienced  connoisseur.  TRY OUR MAIL 0EDER DEPARTMENT. WK REFUND  MONEY IS FULL IF DESIRED.  RYRIB BROJ.,  |A��5i-.ff!S5.ffli.      Toronto.  ilim Strmi" Vim Ity.  Among songs that have produced  tho' greatest amount of money is  Sullivan's world famous "Lost  Chord." This song wns substantially composed (under sad conditions)  in less thnn an hour, and for that  hour's work tho composer received  in royalties quite S50.000 ��� probably the greatest sum any man has  ever earned in an hour hy his lunin.  One IIonr'H U'urlt Nt-tft 950.000.  '" A single leaf of the orange     tree,  carefully    planted,     will often take  root and grow.  WOMEN PREFER THE OLD.  It is' a noteworthy fact that the  Japanese man quickly discards his  inconvenient and unseemly robe, but  the Japanese woman seldom exchanges her picturesque kimono for  the dress of other women about her.  . *     IRON STOVES UNKNOWN.  Iu Paraguay all the houses havo  brick' stoves, built in tliem, so thero  is ' little or no necessity for iron  stoves.  ;/ -r-.it:.-..^  .THE..  NEW PIANO  vitupxustiiaiKyspacu-*uyour luuugncs. ae sara  you Bot a WILLIAMS and it will Iai,t3oaalif6tIine.  Wo can help you to purchase by our easy payment  Occupies alargospoco in your thoughts.   Bo sore  ���-   ���   WILLIAr"           , lpyouto.                    methods, ."oijuaranteo pleasure to thuso who listen to tho dulcet tones of a     i,  WILLIAMS' PIANO     ,  so rich, pure and las tins.  FORRESTER & HATCHER  Y. M. C. A. Bllf.,       Portnco Ave,        Wlnnipog'.  Organs aud EkireclfO "ii1' Sowing machines.  Jfar*?fa fan $��u&l&Min/  Cfttdiln? n Feminine Fifth.  "Do yon te.illy think there ure mermaids in the sea?"  "Certainly," said the dime, museum  tuau.  "Then why hasn't anybody besides  you succeeded lu catching one';"  "Because nobody else was smart  enough to bait a hook with the latest  style of Paris hat." was tho answer.  Tbe Menn Thing.  Sliss Pa&sny���I dread to think of m>  fortieth blrtliihiy.  Miss Pert���Why? Did some'lilng ue  lilcaf-.'iiit |mnn."< -i'f-v  PISH THAT   TURN HEADS.  Only-two fish can turn thoir heads  independently of their bodies.   These  are the garpikc and the seashore.  illoway & Ctagioii  BANKERS AND BROKERS  ���WINNIPEG.  Write to ua for prices of SCRIP,  Got our Ll3t of Lands.  Stocks and Bonds Bought and Sold,  Wo can furni"_h the eiaet amount of  Scrip for any p:'.yme:it on Dominion  Lands.. Do not p.ty caih.  TRAVELS OF THE EYE.  The eye of an educated person averages 2,500 miles   of 'reading in a  lifetime.  Very many persons die annually from  cholera and kindred summer complaints,  who might have beon eaved if proper remedies had botn used. If attacked do not delay in getting u bottle of Dr. J. D. Kellogg'e  Dysentery Cordial, the medicine that never  fails to clleet 11 cure. Thoso who have used  ltiay It acts promptly, and thoroughly sub-  does the pain and disease.  Youth is really the only thing  worth having���and it is about all  the average youth has.  8LEEPLESSNE93 Is" due to nervonsex.  oitement. The delicately constituted, the  financier, tho business man, and those whose  occupation necessitates great mental strain  or worry, all sullor less or mora from it.  Sleep is tho great restorer of a worried brain,  and to get sleep cleanse the stomach from  all impurities with a few doses of Parmeleo's  Vcgotable Pills, geiatiuo coated, containing  no mercury, and arc guuianteed to give satisfaction or the money will be refunded.  AGENTS    W-^N'T.BD  WANTED, Agents for the salo of Hardy Rtissina  applet, curruuti, gooseberries, ornamental trees  and seed Potatoes. Every sales man has prclu  sivo territory. Sample outfit free. Goon pay.  XVo aro ono of tho oldest established firms 111  Canada. Appply now. PELHAW BURSERY GO.  Toronto, Ont.  N. B.Cntaloeuo freo.  Farmers can make" good  money during thoir slack season.       P. N Co. ���  "TrrANTED���PAETIES TO DO KNITTINU  JV for us at homo. VT furnish yarn and ma>  chino. Eisy work. Good pay. liana Knitters  also wanted. Bond stamp icr particulars to  STANDARD HOSE Co, Dept. H, Toronto, Ont  DOB t BC Idle-**"'IliupplTKUFit!work  Itobocloaflattioine. lie 99 per  week uillr Mnied lcnlttlnz ��ox.  >l*0 lupplr msclilnt tod  m��UrM,��nd terror wort as nont'ltt. Write to-dtjr. T_w  People i Knlltlnf Syndicate. Limited, Toronto, CeeedA.  IW   HWWWWM����������TO  ASK  FOR  ���  a  COST NO  MORE   AND   WEAR   BETTEB  EXTRAVAGANT IN COMPARISON.  ������' The travolor in China, who pays  from 1 to 3 cents a day to a number of coolios to tote him several  hundred miles across tho desert,  pajs an extravagant price for the  transit ns compared with the man  boards ,a limited train in New York  city for Son Francisco, which is operated by. an engineer, fireman, conductor and brukeman, whose salaries  range from $75 to $100 per month.  Do��'t wait for opportunity to call  on you.   Go and meet it half way. ���  I STILL ANOTHER TRIUMPH. ��� Mr.  I Thomas S.Bullen, Sunderland,writes: "For  ( fourteen years I was afflicted with Piles; and  frequently I was unable to walk or sit, bat  four years ago I was cured by using Or. ���'  Thomas' Ecjectrie Oil. I have also been  ���abject to Quinsy for over forty years, bnt  fcclectric Oil cored it, and it was a pennm-  Oent care in both cases, as neither the Piles  flttrQainsy have troubled me since."        -   ,<  - i  The   druggist who    sells   soothing  syrup is guilty of taking hush money  Use the safe, pleasant nnd effectual worm-  killer, Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator i  nothing equals it. Procure a bottle ana  take it homo.  SOZOBBNTTOOTH POWDER 25c  Unless the    engagement  is  broken  off the wedding is likely to como oil.  MARD'S'IMMEHT Wm Kenralgla.  Some people spend  a lot of   time  in regretting tilings that never hap-  ,,pen.    ,  A boy never toils his troubles to a  man wlio wears whiskers.  1 The-never-failing medicine, Holloway's  Corn Cure, removes nil kinds of corns, warts,  etc; even the most difficult to remove cannot  withstand this u onderful remedy.  Nearly nine-tenths of the wine in  tlie world is produced in the countries bordcr___jj on the Mediterranean.  ty>/+lftMVVWkf*if\tt+&y>lw^  i(VVVVV/**vM��i��^ViAV��AA'  and Men and Women with Back Pains, Rheuma^  Hsffi, NervavVeakmssf indigestion,-Gonstlpafon,  Liver, Kidney or Bladder Trouble,  My Electric Belt has restored health nnd strength to thousands of  nervous, debilitated, and pain-worn men and women. You also can  be cured if you will grasp the opportunity I offer. Read what the  cured say. Electricity, as furnished by my Belt, cures by giving  back to the weakened nerves, muscles and organs the vitality they  have lost, reducing inflammation, developing the full vigor sf health  ���ad renoriog the effect* ot overwork, exposure to weather, and long  ���ickness.  To those who have trusted and been betrayed by seductive promisee ; to those who  "faaro swallowed pailfuls of pills and liquid medicines without result except a damaged  stomach and increased pain and weakness, and to those who have worn so-called  electric belts, which either burned and blistered the body or gave no electricity, I  ���ffer a'positiva curo by means of my Electric Belt. It gives a stronger current than any other, and ��-,  guaranteed not to burn nor blister.  I am not giving Belts away.    I am offering to cure first and be paid after you are cured.    I hare aa  Electric Belt which DOES CURE, and any honest person who will secure me can have my Belt and pay (  me when cured.    Can anything be fairer than that ? ' '     , ,\  8PEOIAL NOTICE���If you have an old belt which has blistered you or gave no electricity, I.will allow  . you in exchange half tho price of mine.  OALi. TO-DAY���Consultation and test FREE.  ' '    FREE, BOOK���If you can't call, writofor my. beautifully illustrated 80-paga book and letters from'the  cured, sent aoalud, free,. Atldres";, enclosing tP*' 'ail., , . .  ,, ,   . ������.  -  om��ho���m0a.m.ios^p..,!.      DR. IW. B.   RIcLAUGHUW, 130 Ycnge St., Toronto. ^ THE INDEPENDENT.  SATOTTOAY........NOVH1GBHR. 50, MM  We havo new lines of these  goods that tire better than  heretofore.  All prices, but none are  high.  50c. 75c, SI, SI.50, $2.  W. J> ORR, 420-422 Westminster Ave  McARTHUR   ����   LOUGHEAD,  CORNER    BARGAIN   STORE.  Dry Goods, Small Wares, House Furnishings, Men's Furnishings,  Oil Cloth, Linoleums, Etc.  Corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street.  We Arc 8urc  That it will pav you to call and get our prices on  Toys. Gaines, Fancy Goods and Holiday Books be-  '   fore buying.    Our'stock is now complete, and we  have everything you need in these lines.  Century Su^lij Company,  Near City Grocery  442 Westminster Avenue  SELF-MADE MEN.  G. It. Maxwell, M.r.  (Continued from last weak.)  I_et us look at the expression���an  expression, which has urown into a  creed with n. great many men���a little  inui-e before dispensing witli It. Take  the question ol making money. Those  wflio have5 made money���our money  Icings���are continually bragging thai  ���what they now possess has been made  liy lli-oli- own 'industry. Tliey worked  fcard, thoy tell us. No eight hours ;i  day for them. They started with nothing, and look, they say, what a man  can do through fell effort. This is not  the highest type of a man by any  means to consider, but money is su.*.h  am important .thing in tlie world to-day  that it is just as well to see whait there  ia in the boast. Some men ihave great  'doubts as to whether ii Js possible for  a man honestly to grow rich, ���but "f  3tli3s we can say that Ho matt e.ili become rich without tlie help of others.  bo umicih so that one civil hardly say  1 Siow much is to be placed to the credit  oit the .Individual, and how, much to the  credit of his assistants. By himself  alone, he  Never Could Become r.ich  and it all ivho have^ helped him, received their <hio or debt, It Ls a fail-  question whether one man could have  bo muoh imore than other man. I iknow  in books of biography and works like  Self Help, all the honor is given to  the individual,, but the facts ate  against self-glorification. A man he-  ��*mles l.ich through inventing something useful. How much is really to  the credit of the individual. Xot much.  He owes his idea to a long army of  workers, and '.he owes ihis wealth to  ran army of living workers, who work  witli Mm and for him. The Invention  lias to be made; others -make it for lilm.  It has ito be sold; others sell It for him.  it has to ibe used; others use it for lilm.  It has to be bought; others .buy it for  him. And .the upshot .is, that because  of his patent he puts .th'e profits Into  his pockets. When lie waxes fat n:ul  ���swclla with pride, he tells the niulti-  ttud'e that he is a self-made man. A  man starts business. S.iy Hie has got  cajiital���small amount of It���and some  brains. He would never 'amount to  much as a business man by himself.  He must have skilled men and un-  rfcilled men about ihim. He must depend upon these to do his work, advance his Interest, and to make both a  name and a fam'e for his wares, lie  roust have  Travellers On the Road.  iWe all know how much the success of  any business depends uipon the knlgi'.its  ot the road. The result Is, his biissl-  nesB increases, and ihe goes on increasing .lulfl wealth. lie 'becomes In lime a  rluh mini, vind iho is pointed at and to  ns' a Hi>lf-niade man. Nothing of the  . kind. Every, man Jn IiIb employ has  made lilm, 'but the only difference litis  been he has got tht' lion's share of tlie  profits all the time. So these men never  (est their .Indebtedness, and all they  do always appears as a matter of grace  an tlhelr part,, and not a debt which  Otey give to others. In Bulwer's work,  "Not So Bad as We Seem," there Is a  man .Hardman who says: Benefits!  What .means (he? No main on thin  earth ever bestowed benefits on me.  Easy replies: Nay excuse me, but  -nlbient I think  that that'a said ot a  clever fellow like you���ha���ha���the jest  Is too good. As if any one ever drove  a coach through the world but ���wlnt  some other one 'built the -carriage or  harnes-sed the 'horses. Why, wlio gave  you the education that helped to make  you what you are to-day? Who slyly  paid ransom .to publisher, to bring out  the work that '11 rat niised you into  notice? Wiho seal you the broker with  the fate ot t'he South Sea Island  scheme? From whose .purse came thu  sum that bought your annuity?  Whose land does the-annuity burden?  Who told Fleece'eni, the borough-  monger, to offer you a seat in parliament? Who ixiid for the" election that  did not cost you a shilling? Hardman's  Eyes Are Opened,  and ho answers, "And all the while 1  ���thought I was standing apart from  others, needing none, served by none,  mustering men, moulding ithem, the  men whom my father wronged went  ���before me with, noiseless beneficence,  find opened inyipath through the mountain I fancied this right 'hand hilu  hewn." Thus it is .through lite with  every man who rises. These men  through false teaching become concerted, amd boastful about their efforts.  They think that all the while they have  been independent of, and have been  standing apart from all others, while  in -reality the truth is, that if it haJ  not been for .the services performed  by others on their behalf .they would  not haive been anything at all. Those  who laud self-made men make a striking difference between men. Th;y  magnify tlieir capabilities, but especially the results of their efforts.  Or.e class is represented as making  themselves, the otlier class as not making themselves. That to ine is a small  difference compared with other differences which our present industrial system makes. While I .believe that there  is a something in man, over and above  his mere endowments and opportunltes,  and that 'there is a responsibility laid  upon us all to 'make the 'best use of  our faculties and opportunities, yet  these are not the most striking differences wlilch the use or misuse of  these bring into view.   The  Law of Heredity  haw a great deal to do with the conditions and positions of men. This is true  also of environment. Some come inio  the world badly freighted. The tendencies - are- bad. ���The���strongest _el'i-  nionls In their naitiurca are bad, or inclined to that which is evil, and th?ir  environments preclude tlie hope as to  their achieving anything or becoming  anything ithan what they are. As  one puts it; Take a new born babe, a  Shokespeniv, or a Stevenson, and put  ll on some uninhabited isl.md, and It  wlli ���perish. G-o-t a savage to suckle It,  nnd It will grow a sa.vngv. Our Intel-  loot 11 nil our predispositions are at birth  winnt our forefathers made them. Ouzel rcu instances have a giwiit deal io do  In determining what we shall become.  If born a_uong sots and thieves, nnd  reared among them, ive will nlt<ios:t certainly ���becoiiw.- a sot and a thief. If  horn among thugs, murder would become 'both a ipkiisiire amd a profession.  Adam Smith, the distinguished author  of the "Wealth of Nations," pointed  Jils out long ago. lie says: "The difference ot natural talent in different men  Is in reality much less than we think;  and the veiy different genius which  appears .to distinguish men of different  professions when grown to maturity,  is not, upon many occasions, so much  the cause as the effect of the division  of labor.   The difference between the  most  Dissimilar Characters  between a philosopher and a common  street portw, for example, seems to  arise not so much from nature as from  habit, custom and education. When  they came Into the world, and foi* the  llrst six or eight years of their existence, they wore perhaps very much  alike, und neither their parents nor  playfellows could perceive any remarkable difference. About that age they  begun to he employed ln very different  occupations, and then the difference  widens and increases." A gentleman  tells us: "Last year us a matlvr of  experiment, I 'Phintcd two kernels of  corn. They were both from the same  cob, exactly alike ln every respect, so  far us X could see. One I planted In  a deep, rich, well-pulverized soil, the  other in a poor, hard, clay soil. I took  special care of the one, 'the other I let I  to itself. The result was, the neglected  one came to nothing, tlie other brought  forth splendidly." The differences,  then, .between men are not so much the  result of effort as the result of Inheritance, environment, circumstances over  w_ile.li they have no control, and congeniality or uncongenlality of employment. Having seen then that self-  made men are impossible and fictitious,  we object then to teaching this monstrous and fabulous doctrine, because  it .tends to develop selflJ'hne'ss in man.  Lee a man believe that .he is self-  made, then he will believe ivith all .his  heart that he owes no man anything.  The .truth is, he is  . Under Obligations.  He owes a debt, which he cannot pay,  to everything and everyone about and  around him. Paul, one of the greatest  men that ever lived, said: "I am debtor  both to the Greek and to the barbarians." He was In debt all round to  all classes, to all schools, and ull nations for what he possessed and enjoyed. The result was that his whole  life's work was an earnest effort towards paying back what he owed to  humanity. Whnt he lhad he did not  claim as 'his own, and he felt that it  was his duty to give what had been  given to liini. As the other is selfish,  he, because he thought aright amd saw  aright, was unselfish. Now, existence  implies relation, mutual relation.  Each is related to eaoh. T.he sum total  of ihuinanlty includes every one, and  if each one is not in��_iar_imonious relation with all the others, matters are  not right, but wrong. Possession is  modified by relation. Beach" possessor  is a steward, holding in trust, that he  may carry out the wishes ot the Giver.  Wi'nat lie, the possessor, h'as is not his  own. No man receives anything for  the purpose of .hoarding U'P for selfish  use or enjoyment, but he .receives 'that  he may give to those In relation wltn  him. Those -who have not justly demand from those wiho ihave their due  ���the ipaymcnt of the debt. What hinders the  Recognition of Brotherhood?  First, we have a large class .who say.  What's the use of;botherlng about the  present? A few years of poverty is  of no account���we shall receive our reward bye-andJby. I don't believe m  that. The present ds with us, 'and  every man here and now ought .to receive .his due and carry out his obligations. The futuie can haive no hope  ot any kind for the man who shrinks  from doing ihis du.ty now. -Nay, more,  eveiy man will be Held accountable In  the future for .the wrong now in existence, iind which might have been righted if only he iliad done' what \va_s right.  The future ls not everything. Tlie  "present is just as Important to man  aa is the future, and any man who because lie thinks he will be rewarded  because he bore the' ills ot life, without attempting to remove them, won't  amount to much ivhen thait time comes.  Second, we haive a class of men who  rofusu to recognize their indebtedness.  up by others, then we can hardly faJl  to see that a iproper system -would bo  ono in which the interests of the Individual would be eliminated, and ln  which all tlie members of humanity  would share alike out of the wit of nil  and out of the 'benelfleence of nature.  Then, war would cease, then strikes  would pass away. Then peace, com-  fort, happiness, health and all men  prize would remain, nnd men In all and  through all thoir labors and pleasures  would realize their indebtedness to  each other, and would work together  for the good of all.  | YOU'LL NEED HEAT  A  Before long now.   The best heaters made ^'  ���the cheapest to buy and the most eco- ^  nomical to use are the ���*  99   AIR-TIGHTS AND     a  BASE   BURNERS.      J.  made by the McClary Mfg. Co. ���'  Lay.arus and Dives -still live, and~Di\vs  still refuges to .recognize in Lazarus  a brother. We have a thing called  charity, which nivalis ��. bea.utlt'ul name  badly spoiled. Any charity so called  Is vicious, without a recognition .Ui.it  the one who gives and the one who receives are one. members of a common  brotheiliood. What seeks to favor the  Idea that what is given Is a gratuity,  a gift, a matter ot grace, because I  made it, is an Insult to the receiver.  The trouble Co-day ls  Due to the System.  When men ure not only encouraged,  but are taught, nay are compelled by  the force of circumstances, to hiiMlo  and (bustle, to struggle and strive, to  light with an earnestness never surpassed tor tills thing called money.  And when you realize tlint the fight he  has with Is against ihis fellow-mam, and  that as he rises, a, hundred perhaps go  down���We cannot but come to the conclusion that tlhe system is one unworthy to be retained. ,Then again  when you realize how each is 'bound to  each, (how that the most successful  man that ever lived has been helped  I  "LOTS OF GOOD FISH IN THE  SEA."  In Great Britain Prof. William C,  Mcintosh, ithe lending British marine  biologist, lias strongly supported the  view .that the resources of the sea aro  practically Inexhaustible, and In Nor.  way Dr. Hjort and Dr. Dalil are stout  apostles of the more hopeful prospects  as regards sen-food supply. Speaking  of a recent discovery of Dr. Hjort,  ���which shows that there are many million times more young fish in the sea  than man has nny Idea of, the Nineteenth Century says: "Dr. HJont's discovery likewise proves the fallacy of  the theory that the young brood carried out to sea perish. Furthermore,  Dr. Hjort made the more remarkable  discovery ithat away out ln 'the open  sea, where It was several thousand of  ���maters in depth, flsh were to be found  in layers or ocean strata. There, in  these still and\dark and hitherto supposed barren regions of the sea, he  caught great cod and haddock and coll  fish, sometimes in quantities. Not of  least significance is the finding of cod  in the deep places of the sea, as In this  discovery .we haive 'tlie ilcej; to solve the  mystery as to where the cod abides  when he draws from the coast. It was  formerly supposed that the killing of  a cod lu roe 'meant the destruction of  more than "2,000,000 potential codfish.  Now, as Dr. Dnhl says, It merely looks  like improving ithe life chances of the  progeny of another cod. Formerly it  ���was considered that the ���fish production  of the sea was a fixed quantity, which  wns 'being continually decreased by  man's inroads on It. Now it would appear to .be an organism on which the  attacks of man can make no real impression. It seems probable, Indeed,  that in every,second, every minute and  eveiy day miore fish is produced in the  sea than all humanity combined could  devour in the same time."  The Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  everv one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  | Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. t;  A SOLE AGENT a .  McLennan,  McFeely & Co.  WHOLESALE AND  RETAIU  DEALERS  IN  HNrilpT   fiar��JWare  ���MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��> CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova arid Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  DST Headquarters for  Domestic and Bm-  J>orted Ciqars and Smoking Sundries.  Tliis lino is a wonder, G. W.   Leather  lined, latest styles, light or heavy s.ole.  OvercoatsL  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c rye is rr. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 746 Pender street.  Blue Ribbon Tea is paeked in Vancouver by white men���are you'drinking it?  , Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  PATRONIZE.UNION CLERKS.  All membsrs of Ibe R. C. I. P. A. coa cbow this card.  Ask lor It when inakiuz )our purchases*  CNCOHSCD BV THE ��. f. OF L.  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only duriug months nnraed on right  hand corner nnd whon proporly bigncd nnd  stamped with the numbor of tho Locul. *  EVERLASTING  ���n.-thouifht-of-Christinas-decoratlon.-  XVc are selling' everyv palm in the  store at A DISCOUNT OF -10 P13U  CUNT. Thoy are genuine Florida  palms, direct from Jacksonville, and  we get a discount of no per cent, off  our Invoice. So that Is the reason, we  ure clearing: them at 40 iper cent, oft  regular prices. "P.would be a critical  eye Uint could find anything wrong:  with those that are left. Trices from  50c to $10 each, less a discount of i0  iper cent.  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  ntflCKKIIY AMI IIOM8 KUKSIKllINGS.  Opposite City Hull, Westminster Arenu��  Vancouver, II, 0.  ���  navlngtho Only Up-to-Dato Grill Boom  In B.C. whlcli ir. llneU la a guarantee  ot aFlrat-Clua Hotel and Restaurant. .  Seymour Streeet,  To be comfortable���to have Hint snug, cosy, warm feeling on days  like these, is more than half the battle in facing the worries aiuLeures  of each business day. ��� .��� .-   .   ,       /x  Come in and we'll make vou warm--_it you with a very'sensible,  stylish coat that will defy chillier days thau we get here in Vancouver.  The cost will be $S.50, 1.10.50, $12.50, $15.00 and up to $18.00���  whatever you say. j ',.'*.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT if* CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St.,.0|>.>. Wm. Ralph's.  For stomach trouble of any Wnd take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money baok. 5Uc box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co. .  <>  <���  worry.   Look pleasant, and if < *  figures talk converse with these:  3 full pounds Currants.  3 p'lrltngcs Seeded Kiil.ius 23c  Mixed PceLjow, per lb lflo H  Coffee, U.SIM1 pr.ee -10c, now.. .SOc per lb i I  Ten, tisuiil price 50c, now 40c per lb |>  Tea, Ubiml piice-lOc, now....2 lbs for fwc , >  Tea, usual price ;>0c, now 25c per lb ^  Now White Cooking Figs.... 1 lbs. lor 25c ..  Ashcroft Spuds   .90c periOOlbs  Many bargains.  Space will not permit us to enumerate.  N. B.���"SInclairs'  ways on hand.  famous Hams al-  FORD'S   GROCERY, ���  11   Tel. 728.   25 Hastings St. C.   f  <������������������������������ ���������������������  A. ML TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DIALEll Ih���".  Fish, Game, Fruit,  aiid  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  Notices.  NOTICK IS IIEIIKHY UIVEN THAT AT TIIE  ni'Xt regular slttliiK of tlio Hoard ol I-lcuuao  Commissioners (or tho City nf Vancouvor I  shall apply for a transfer of the Hotel License  for thu preinlHus situated on Lots C, Hlock 23,  Mitidlvl.lnii of District Lot 511, knoun astho  Oitawa House, CI2 Pender Street, In tho said  City ol Vancouver to IV. J. Kirkpiitrlck mid tt.  K. McCarthy. . _  (Slgnod)        WM. IIAI.I.EKT.  Vancouver, Nov. 21,1001.  Subscribe  for  Tbe  $1.23 a Year.  BUSINESS  demands a large nuiribor of our graduates in March. A course takes 6 or 7"  months, so you should beg-In NOW, or;  we will be short. "We are running*  short now! We, can .place between to-  and 100 'boya every year. To-day twe-  haive none. No ffifllaultfy to place aW  the girts you send ua. 'Remember we-  ikeep 'them till they are In -a, sltuation.-  The 1LB. A. Yogel Comin��reiaI College  P. O. Box 347.  Vancouver, B. C.  osoaosaoaQoeooaoeoaooosofl  g    DELICBOIIS WINE  Hade Exclusively xboh B. C. Fmjit.  FRESH CUT FLOWERS . UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGARS.     .   ,  When making a trip around tlio  Part call on  Brockton Point  Lighthouse  ! W.D.Jones  oaaosssaaaaesoboooeoaaasei  ���������������������������������������  | :   GEO. HAY   : *  A��� Vancouver's ���Pioneer��� Clothes���  y      Renovator, makes a suit new.  X Dyeing and Repairing.  .K 216 Cambie St., Vamcodteb.   ' ,  I  ���81    1  Pastry and Cakes  FRESH  DAILY  MONTREAL BAKERY  WKSTMINBTKIt AVKN0E.  Old Books  Wanted  i\  -AT-  GALLOWAYS  BOOK EXCHANGE*  "14' Arcade

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