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The Independent Feb 22, 1902

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 \  I   Legislative Lib^y M��r.811<a  THE ROYAL BANK  OF  CANADA,  . . SAVINGS   BANlv . .  A General Banking1 Business  Transacted.  OFFICES-Hastlngs   Street,   W.,  IWwtmlnstcr Avenue, Vancouver.  b. c. vrnmrnm loan asd  savings c��.  ���    (10,000,000  -     1,500,000  300,IXW  Uund Olllco 321 Cambie Street, Vancouver, IJ. C. f  Authorised Capital  BiitistTited Capital   ���  Aisetsover    -    -    -  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, B. C., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1902  NO 22  TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL  /���  President Lamrick occupied the chair  ���it Thursday night's meeting- of Ihe  Trades and Labor council. Secretary  Cross was also In his i>lace. A good  attendance of dek-g.utes was present.  CREDENTIALS.  Electrical "Workers' International  Uortlicrhood, Local Union No. 210���S.  T. Arthurs, John Buckley u,nd II. P.  Irwin.  Stonecutters' Association.���C. R.  .Monck and C. Delmns.  Painteis.���C. H. Plnder.  On motion  the credentials were accepted and delegates seated.  COMMUNICATIONS.  C. Crowder sent ln his resignation  as treasurer, having left the city. Received, and J. M. Sinclair elected ln  his stoad. ' '  A. B. PoMlngcr, secretary ot the Vancouver Young Men's Liberal-Conservative Club, wrote, enclosing a copy of a  lengthy resolution of tihait body, condemning certain statements contained  in an alleged Interview In the Toi onto  Jivenlng Telegram* regarding the necessity of Cnln��se,aiid Japanese being  employed In the fisheries .industrial*;  also one urging Uie ' representatives  ln the legislature to pi ess on the government ithe necessity of re-Introducing the Natal act, disallowed by the  Dominion government. On motion the  communication was unanimously endorsed hy the council.  . Thomas F. MeGulgan, city clei-k, acknowledged receipt of petition re early  closing of barber shops; also that Ald-  -ennan Foreman had given notice ut  1ils intention to Introduce a by-law on  the lines Indicated by the trades council.    Filed.  Hugh .Orr,  secretary  Moulders'  Union, drawing attention to the fact that  - a union permitted one of its members  to work contrary  to union principles,  f-ecretary Instructed to communicate on  "'the matter.  J. A. Knaup, secretary Nelson Trades  and Labor A&seinbly, explaining the  matter of a lost letter.    Filed.  Helen 'M. Wilson wrote, stating that  many of the women of Vancouver were  interesting themselves In procuring a  propelly-ociulpped ambulance for use ln  this city, which will cost about $1,500.  The proposed sum would be raised by  popular subscription.   Filed.    ,  Tlie Musicians' Union wrote regarding the alleged  German    Band grievance.   Laid over till next meeting.  parliamentary    committer's  "report.  Your committee wishes to report as  follows on thlree communications submitted to them at the last regular meeting ot the Council.  1.   From the Guolph Trades and La-  tor Council, re Halifax Board of Trade.  ,Re the Intercolonial Railway.  .Inasmuch as the HalMax Board of  Trade hns petitioned the Vancouver  Board of Trade to memorialise the Dominion Government to put the Iuterso-  lonlal Railway under, the control of the  Canadian Paclllc Railway, we therefore  recommend that this Council pass the  following resolution, namely:  "Whereas���A movement has been set  on foot by the Bonrd of Trade br Hall-  fax to bring pressure to bear on the  -Dominion Government to hand over the  Intercolonial Railway .to the C. P. It.:  and  "Whereas���We  believe    that such   a  ���mbvenieririH-ngnln8_~th(>~true~lMerc'itt  of .this Dominion, and the best welfaie  of its citizens; nnd  "Whereas���The tendency of all cn-  llglitcncd, civilised nnd educated communities In all countries is toward  Koverimicnt ownership ot public Institutions; therefore be It  ' "Iteholved���That we most emphatically condemn .nny such movement on  the grounds of public policy; nnd be II  further  "Resolved���That we recommend to iho  minister of railways for his mou scions consideration, that, as minister of  railways, lie Initiate some plnn for Hu>  talking over of nil privately owned  railways In the.Dominion by the Dominion Government, or Jointly by tin1  Dominion nnd Provincial Governments,  arid be it further  "Resolved���That this resolution be  forwarded to the Hon. Mr. Blailr, milii-  isiter of nalLways. at Ottawa, to the  memiber for Burrard,' 'to the Guolph  Trades a'n'd Lslbor council, and to.the  Hailtfax Bosird of^Trade."  2. The communication from 'the Berlin  Broommiakei-s'  union:  Re Prison-Made. Brooms:   ' -  We would .recommend the passing of  the fc flowing resolution by this council:  "Whereas���We have been, Informed  on creditable authority thut itihe agent  who handles the prison-made Ixropius  from tho central prison at Toronto is  one of the largest shippers of brooms  to -this province; and  "Whereas���There ls no mark by  .Wliloh we can desglnaite them as prls-  on-mulde; Ibe lt bhereforo  "Resolved���That we iequest 'the Hon.  Mr. Stmtton through this resolution to  ijtnmp.'with a binnd, all brooms in.id>_  nit the central iprlson of Toronto 'prison-made'; amd be It further  "Resolved���That we senti a copy of  this resolution to the Hon. Mr. Slrat-  ton, of Toronto, and ito the secretary,  W. 'J. Voege, Internatolnal Broom makers' unlm, P. O. box 507, Berlin, Ont.'  .'). T'he comniiunicu'liion  from  the Toronto Trades and Labor council  Ro Assisted Inimlgiatliw-.:  We recommend that the council slg.i  the  petition   sulNiiItited   and    circulate  one to c-ach union alllllated with It fo-  signature as woll.   And we would nl>o  recommend the passing ot tho following  resolution:  "Whereas���The tctul coot for education In this provinco for WOO amounted  to over W2.1.0C0, and to over $78,000 in  Mils city; and  "Whereas���This expense ts undertaken Iby this province and the city in  ithe .belief [that the better educated the  citizen tho higher the standard of elvl-  lizalon; aind  "Whereas?���There is a continual  stream of Immigration into this province and city, 'Wihloh 'has to submit to  no educational test, and such immigration materially lowers bur standard ot  civilization, and odds substantially to  the cost of the administration ot justice, notwithstanding such strenuous  efforts on the ipart of the'province nnd  this city, to (htiiYc am Intelligent and  educated community; therefore bo lt  ','Resolvod���That we iprotest against  such' illiterate immigration, and ask  that tlie Dominion government pass  an aot wtiloh shall keep out all persons  who cannot pass a satisfactory educational test, commensurate with the  education of Uie state; and, be it fur-  ���ther      . -, ���'"  MResolvcd���That a copy of this resolution be forwarded to the 'hon. the  ���premier of Canada, to the minister of  tho Intenloo-, and ithe member for Burrard for their consideration."  -' Re City Hospital.  Your committee also wlsfli to recommend the following resolution to bo  (passed 'by thls^coimoll aind forwarded  to the city council for its consideration:  "Whereas���There is a movement on  ���foot to hand aver the management of  ithe city hospital to a iboard of governors, over th3 majority of whom the  electors through the city council will  have no control"; and '  "Whereas���No good or sufficient reasons have so far ibeen adduced in support of such change, and tMs -council  hns heard of no complaints regarding  the hospital managed as'lt is at present: iind ��� I        ,  Whoreas���This council Is of the opinion that If there is anything In the  statement that has been made that the  present hospital accoiuimodaition and  conveniences are not what they should  be, then that it ds surely iposslble to  remedy all suoh matters wl/thoit  changing the entire .basis of the institution; amd  "Whei'ivis���This oounciir Judging  fiom the experlnce of hospitals elsewhere, has an unfavorable opinion ol  tlie plan of voluntary contributions for  hospital purposes, and Hielioves strongly In the continuance of u. system,  wherflby iniyone 'mooting with r.n accident ymy reckon conlldently upon  speedy, elTootlve and first-class treatment a'Lu public hospital, whether Die  Is iiible to pay for such treatment or  not, w ihich Is more Wiun uun be guar-  unle^l by any Institution 'resting upon  'Voluntary contributions ifor smppoti,  and  "Whereas���This council lies absolutely no use for u system under which  iiur.��e<, and other hospital officials  would ho exijieoted to ibow aind e"iullo  >urt smirk to 'Lndy Boantlfuls, (In-J  <-t'-er suc'h personages, coming crrnind  i. 'rg out gifts In Insulting: ard dc-  g. ding -cihan-ity, which this council  ti'i'cea to ibe Mie motive actuoitlniff some  of those responsible for the present  movement; 'therefore be it  "Resolved���That this council protests  aguinst the management of t'he city  hospital 'being handed over to anv  'baird   not'directly .responsible   to  the  city council that careful Inquiry, be  nuule, und, lt the honplt.tl be found 'to  be defective or inefficient In any way  as ull-. present constituted, then that  provision be made In the oity charter  for an independent hospital board, to  bo elected ln the same way as, say,  tho school trustees, a proportion of  them only retliung annually, but on no  account leaving the support of the  hospital to voluntary contributions;  and 'be It further  "Resolved���Thait a copy of this resolution be forwarded to t'he city council and to the four members for the  city In lihe provincial leglslatuie for  their consideration."  Ywnr t-oiiiiiui'ttee would also roju-hjt  this council to instruct the secretai-}  to wulte** to the clity clerk, asking foi  n copy of the a at proposed to be passed  In connection with the city hospital,  which, we understand, the government  has consented to intioduce aa a .public  measure.  The Tidal Flats.  Yeur  committee   would   also  recommend t'he l>as_ring o>f the following re-  ?oluticin iby tfiis council:     *  "Whaiejs���An act was passed In th*  yean- 1000 by the legislative aHsemtol.v of  British Columbia, malting it lawful for  the lleutenainlt-ffovernor-ln-councll, upon such terms and conditions' as he  should see lit, to grant to the corporation of tihe city of Vancouver certain  'parcels of land, containing what is  commonly known .as the tidal flats of  Coal harbor and False creek; and  "Wlheroos���It was in doubt as to  whioh government said right to tltiese  tidal lands belonged, It was, .therefore,  deemed advisable that both governments should give deeds to the city foi  the same parcels ot land; arid  "Whereas���Tho dominion1 government has completed Its contract to the  city setting cut terms and conditions  'therein; and  "Whcieas���It is In the public interest that t'he terms and conditions lu  Ibot'h contracts or deeds should be similar to prevent future litigation; and  "Whei ens���A period of two years h-is  nearly elaip-ied since the pass'ige of  said act by the provincial house; theiefore 'be "it  "Resolved���That we most respeclfv.il.-  ask the lieutcnant-governor-in-council  lo complete tho'coiitract empowered by  said act on same terms and conditions  as set forth ln dominion grant or contract at tlielr earliest possible convi n-  lenee; and ibe It further  . "Resolved���That a. oopy of this resolution be forwarded to Uhe lieutenant-  governor-ln-cduncll, aL_o to eaon of the  members for the oity, ashing them to  piess home the completion of said con-  Uract, as the aot without the action ot  the lieutenant-governor-in-councll 'gives  Vancouver little."  AlPof .wlilch. is respectfully submitted on behoilf ot committee.  ERNEST BURNS, Secrotary.  Vancouver, Feb. 20, (1902.  The report was adopted.  IN GENERAL.  C. II. Joinder was elected to serve on  the    municipal    committee,  vice    W.  Davis, resigned.  The Btatlstlcan reported that he was  in communication with the different  unions in connection with the duties  of his office.   Accepted.  The building trades council was  gran'.ed the use of- the hall for its  meeting.  It was reported that lt was the inten-  tion-to do the work-on-the Hotel-Vancouver on the nine-hour system. The  secretary was Instructed to communicate with the contractors and ask that  the woi k be made a union Job.  The dlhcussloln on ithe executive comi-  nilttee's ieport re the financial statement was adjourned till next meeting  After passing accounts the proceed-  Iiijjh terminated.  the civic mm.  City Council mot last Monday nlgnt.  Present���Mayor Neelands, Aid. Brown,  Foreman, TiIcGuIgan, AVoods, Willson,  Blackmore, Bethune, Wiley, McQueen,  Absent���Aid. Cook.  Communications.  The local PlvmbeTS' union notilied tli >  council that Andrew Paton was their  nominee to act on the plumbers' examination board. Received, and the nomination accepted.  A petition was received, signed by  Cluibb & Stewart and 27 other firmi,  asking the council to- taike action and  ihAve the nuisance created by the  shooting and picture galleries on Cordova street removed.    Laid over.  II. O. Bell-Irving and 13 otheis  wrote, complaining of tlie assessment  of the pioperty on Cordova street west  ot Cambie. 11 Is claimed- that this  pioperty was at one timo- the best in  Wie city, but owing to U(jc diversion of  tiade resulting from the Introduction of  She electric car system, this property  has depreciated considerably recently;  also that a street, ear line should be  built to the depot. Referred to tlhe  finance committee.  Provincial Secretary Prentice notified  the council that the government wou.d,  at the rending session, introduce a bill  to place the control and management  of the" Vancouver city hospital under  a board of managers.   Received.  Messrs. Mahon, MeFarland & Malhon  wrote, offering to sell the city certain  lands on the Capllano river, which, it  ls inferred, might be useful 'in connection wijh the waterworks system. Re-  fened to'the water committee.'  From the Barbers' union, petitioning  that an early closing by-law be enact  ed.  From Trades and Labor council en  dorslng same.  question of substruction and addition.  Aid. Woods asked for fresh ulr umd  the nutter wns dropped.      \  Aid.  Blackmore   was   appointed on  the lire, police nnd health committees.  The alleged shooting gallery nuisance .was taken up.  Aid. Brown said It was a serious  thing getting tenants dlssa'tlslled. It  was curious to maike a distinction of  what was a nuisance and what \va<  not. A largo number enjoyed the  shooting gallery. You can't tell to  whom lt gives enjoyment or who It displeases.  Aid. MeGulgan iiijtanced cases wherj  the shooting galleries wfj-e considered  a nuisance. He said the moving piu-  tuie man blew a large horn, whidh w is  no JJke.  Aid. McQueen closed the shootlns  gallery debate. The les'J'l pant of the  alleged iprlvjle and public nuisance  should be looked into.  On the motion for the adoption of  ���the police committee report, Aid. Wocd  stated the papers had reported several  Important milters as having come up  befoie Oho committee wldch were not  mentioned In tlie report. He instanced  the case of a leaf haying ibeen torn^out  of the police occurrence book on record.      ()  Alderman Wylie said that these mat-  teis wore receiving attention. The report was adopted.  Aid. McQueen calledaittention to the  !.nal clause in the water committee's  roport, which, read: "It was recommended that In lieu of a water frontage tax, a rate 'be strvok and added to  the general tax and that the waiter  rates Ibe reduced accordingly, In tho  event of. this Ibeing carried out, the  water .main frontage lby-la\v to ibe repealed." -This was refeiftd .to a special  meeting of the council.  RETAIL OLHIOK'S.  A most onJi>yiaH>le'evenlng was spent  nil the last meeting of the Retail Clerk*,  held in O'Bilen's ihnll on Tue.s-diiv.  After the rout bio business had he>n  concluded the inemlben. started In to  spend''a .soclnlble evening, and from  ���the hearty laughter and songs any person outside would say liluiit they h id  succeeded. An Impromptu progiain.iic  was gone through with, singing, dancing, and a light lunch, consisting of  coikes, oranges and nipples and candies,  to wihlch arniple justice having been  done, they separated, declaring It to  halve been or.fe of tho best meetings  held in the life of the Clonks' union.  During the meeting arrangements were  completed for ittie ibeneflt concert to b��  Aid. Foreman objected to a clause in  the report of tlie board of works re ���  moving Joe Romang from the engineer's office to the iposltlon of janitor. He had 'been in there for 13 or  14 years. He should be promoted rather than set tiack. Another thing it  was not fair to tlie applicants for the  Janltorship.  Aid. Woods spake strongly on the  matter. To deal with an old servant  of about 06 yeaii-s' standing In this  manner was a shame. It looked like  a conspiracy to remove Mr.' Romang  from the engineer's office.  Aid. Bethune advised the chairmen  of-other-committees -to-Iook-lnto their  departments.  Aid. Woods and Bethune moved that  Mils cla'use be struck out of the report,  It carried, however.  AW. McQueen asked If any reply hid  been received from the government respecting tlie suggestion that the streets  on the three sides ot the court house  xliould be ipaved with concrete.'  The^ clerk phi ted that n reply Iind  been received saying the matter would  receive conbluer.itloii.  His woi-nliip���Thnt means that we'll  ndvor hour of the matter again.  A|d. Brown Rtated that tho election  bungle in .ward 1 had cost the cltv  $100, besides annoyance to citizens. Hi  asked if the returning officer did not  have power to reject such nomlna-  ^t'loms.  Tlie city solicitor replied that the returning officer had no option in the  matter.  Aid. McQueen���Liw Is a very mysterious thing. Each day it was becoming more mysterious. The clerk  acted according to the law.  Aid. Brown���It don't seem to amount  people, btrt respectfully suggest,, to the 1 held on the 27lh inst. in the city hnll... | to nvuch ln this case.   It was only a  Aid. Bethune introduced a motion reducing the indemnity of aldermen from  t23 a month to $1 a year. In proposing  this'resolution he -was carrying out an  election pledge. The motion did not  Interfeie with, this year's plans, as It  would go Into effect ln 1303. A large  number of properly holders opposed the  payment of aldermen.  Aid. Wylie���The strongest supporteis  of no f-alavies was absent to-night.  This was a question to seo where a  man stood. Aid. Wylie believed that  Aid. Bethune hoped it would not p-is->.  "I made thestatement tihat I was never  In favor of reducing tho salary, but  was In favor of raising it," said Aid.  Wylie. "This is a blow,at lalior. It  the citizens choose to pay wie for my  labor, I will talke it. If thoy 'Son't t'hay  can get some one else." (Applause  from tiie large audience.)  Aid. McQueen said lt was not a question of salary, but indemnity. "Have  you any right to asllc any other man  to work for nothing?" he asked. Shoull  the newspapers be asked to advt<-tls:  for nothing? It was not a question of  philanthrophy.. The members of tlie  legislature considered that their in-  demnley should not be abolished, and  rals*ed it from $600 to $S00. The same  in many instances wero anxious to reduce ' wages, but wanted theirs, and  this applied to the council. A scihomer  might get into office and make a great  deal more than his. allowance amounts  to. "If you. albollsh the salary, why  every good, faithful, honest mam must  go out," continued Aid. McQueen. One  prominent thing that had put the city  in a false financial position was the  fact that for the tlrst four years ot Its  incorporation t'he assessment was placed too low, ibeeause real estate men  oif.d contiol of the council, and wanted  to encourage outside investors. In so  far as getting a high class of aldermen  by doing awny with the Indemnity, you  would not be any more successful. The  people halve the remedy In tlielr own  hands. "We are just about as good a  kicking crowd as there is iu Uie town,"  he said. The quqestion ought to be put  before the ipeoplc in a pleibiiseite. He  could  not support  the motion.  Aid.   Brown  was  sun-piiisctl  at    AM.  Bethune.    When hi used to sit in'the  council wllh him at one time he (Bethune) never turned .up his nose at the  $25.    He was  now on  the fencx>.  iuid  wflileh ever way he fell was all right.  If Aid. Bethune had u-eally toem converted 'he should now return his alderman lc"allowance-for-the"years-he-ha=i  served four-fold  to the city.    Hut ho  "was only on a fishing expedition for the  future.    Why,6hould    anyliody   want  service for nothing.   There was nevr  any complaint against the local or do.  minion governments.  It was aipoor.argument to say that men weie after th'  job  for  what   there was  In  It.    If li;  was  p.ild   well   ho 'would   serve   them  bettor.   Toronto now pays Its aldermen  but  nOver did till after the boodllng  period.   Wc jdicukl tako experience rather  than  the  experimental   talks i.i  such   men    as A'lil. Bethune.   The ohl  country  was   different to    this  place  Them were  plenty  thero to wonk for  nothing In order to pass awny the tln-o.  "I'm not going to bo in that crowd,"  said Aid.  Brown.    "Aid.   Uethune can  be."    The  pilnclple  was against   the  working man, and he was in favor of  the   principle  of    Indemnifying aldermen.  Aid. Foreman opposed the resolution,  likewise Aid. Wood.  Ald.ftethune said thnt when he supported the proposition to pay aldermen  in 1894 he did so out of sympathy for  labor.   He thought lt would be a good  fond to Berve as aldermen. Had tihey  taken advantage of tills? "If the lalbar-  Ing people were getting the ib.'iient I  would be the hist man to move for am  amendment. 1 don't know of a oaso  wliere woiikingiuen iput up one of tlielr  number nnd elected him."  Ayes���B( thune, BlaUkmore, Wood���3.  Nnys���iMcQueen, McGuigan, Wilson,  Fore-nuM, Brown, Wylie���G.  A1<1-. Bclimino said that he did nob  expect the vole to go that way.  The council decided to f_end an IixvIj  tation to 'Mr. Carnegie to 'bo present at  the laying of the foundation stouo oli  the Vancouver Carnegie li'oiary.  Aid. Foreman broug'ht up the matter  of tlhe use of grunlte or candstone for,  t'he base-course of tJie library.  AM. Blackmore strongly advocatKl  granite, and gave expert reasons why  it should be used. On motion it was  docCded to substitute this for sandstone, nlthcugh t'h*> additional cost  would be 5U30.  AW. Foreman galve rotlce that at the  next meeting of the council he would  Introduce a 'by-law to provide for the  closing of barber stops at certiia  'hours.  Adjournment. I  THE LABOR TARTY.  There was a good turn-out to the  mass meeting of the Laibor party last  Tuesday night. Mr. Geo. Pollay made  a capital -chnaiman. The proceedings '  were impromptu, there ibeing no programme arranged. The result was that  it turned out to be one of the best  meetings of Us kind ever held in thla ,  oi'ty. The socialists showed a spirit of  toleration and conciliation in their remarks, lilkewire the speeches of the  ���momlbers of the Independent Lalbor  party were tempered wLth common  sense and good judgment All factions  in provincial politics weie represented,  excepting bhe Llberal-Consenvatives,  arid outside of a couiple of ill-advised  "breaks albout "lealde'rs selling out," etc.,  the proceedings weie very harmonious.  In* the end the platforms lof the Independent Labor 'party and the social*'  ist ��� party were rend, anld they, ibeing  somewhat similar a' resolution was  passed that each party select three of '  a committee, which would meat and  jointly draw up a new, plaibform t'hat  all could unite on' for (political (purposes. In aill iprobaibllity when .this  t__sfk is comipleted a provincial convention of delegates will be called.  thing, as woiiktngmen could then tuf-  THE 'LONGSHOREMEN.  iDalvid T. Keefe, president ot the International   'Longshoremen's   Association, visited the Sound cities last week."  When at Beuittle he pad a high compliment to the 'longshorenien's unions .ofthe   Pacific   coast,   and   declared   that  nowhere had he found so inudh Intelligence and   m'anliness    among  'longshoremen as ln the -nest.    He  cold of  conditions along the Great Lakes and of  the bard fight the 'longshoremen had  'ko.pt .up for years to gain their rights,  'painting  vivid   word   ipictures   of   the  hard treatment dock workers we:e once  accorded    as    contrasted  '   wlt'h their  treatment new.    He also pointed out  several ways by whicih tihe 'longshoremen  of  the  Pacific  coast  could   improve  tnolr condition and  also assise  'tllielr employers.  ' Mr.   Keefe,   like  all  .good  union men,  docs  not believe  in  sti'Skes, and advised the local union io^  "avoid-them    whenever    p5ssiiLle7"~Es~  [K-cIa'lly did ho express 'his nililiorrence  of so-called sympathetic stiukps.    He  urged Ihe local unions ln diery trade  to attenupt to bring albout lalbor conditions on the coast similar to those in  the east, where, among dock workeis,  for example, an agreement as to hours,  wagea,  etc.,   Is  enleied 'Into  between  lihe employers nnd the employees nt tho  'Irogttinlng of eich year, to Uhe mutual  advantage of .both classes,   Mr. Keefe  returns oast 'by way of San Francisco,  lnls Itinerary 'Including Tai-oinn,  Portland  ,nnd ,lSan  Diego,  iu whioh* ol'tlea  more than 6 000 dock employees will be  met and addressed 'by ihim.  JOSEPH DIXON.  The many friends and acquaintance"!  of Joseph Dixon will be pleased to  leann 'thait he ihas opened up a cai���  penter and joiner's sDiop on 5eymouf  street. "Joe" sat iln 'tlhe Trades and  Lalbor council for a mumlber of years  as a delegate from the union of hit  tralde. He wns also the flist president  of the council. 'We .wlali him every  success In'Ihis new enterprise. When  you want wortc done In 'his line don't  forget to call on Joseph Dixon.  :-���* -i\''���-".  N-.'J  .'  ~ 1   I*  it.ff\ -*'  -k oc��*i��<<e*��<*9*��'8*3*>ao��o3<>oo5  I ROMANCE OF      i  JOSH KiNNEY,  PCS'  iiv .ioijn <  IIOVl.W..1 TODD J  v~1 v - Xi<'3v_i"/fl��5K<ii_:v'-i_:��O0<��  i-.  ii  i  ll .   s  ii i ^  - i   'i  nm ,1 il i.  ! .!���  ,.i ���'  a ,'  Im  .' ' i  i ii i  Ul      II  ���III  I  u> 101  i in w-p.ipor  I', n - In I   it-* ( iii-or  "Mi-.  Hi it   ni)liod>  > i->V     -i lUg 'lOlllltl}  i i-i' i .  \i>    v.iUl It wns  I   I       .   ' mm    I Im llie good  ul   vol ,���     It- ��� iliun-tliiie  v  i    i in "i  iv!,i i     ii   ua-. tliiplli ned  I,    Ol   II    1   I'l   llll    I'l  \      i'    j I I    tlllslllt'SS  ' i n i I<1 u'v \ - i >, 111 inn'." said  ni,l I "i i \ .in'- lim he u.is sm.iit-  ii ii i him lijit'iiii ll'il \o evei lead  l'uiiii kliilioil t i nn ' I'm1 roi yot who  It's lij In.I il .s In h klnnoj wns a  i;o ,il iii ,il IlKe Uli linn' "  .lush Kini'i'v \ is ii l.uin hand by  d.i\ 'ii'd an i illioi lij nl^ht Somebody  s iiil I is ni1, m s v,oic in nlo ol lion Ho  rested his In .n> li\ bus} lug his body  uml iisu'il li's Iiml} b} bi'.}lng I'll  In iln I ho i}is ih it noio set Iin back  UIIlllM till' shjir^v hiows in mi lost  then keciiicss I'i the shadows ol Ills  ptoirixlliu: hiow 'I ln>\ vine the tuifall  ing sle/ail lights ill il Hi-died Hie mcs  vain of .1 vie'ilim .il"il olisi i i lng  in.ml Kinin. was pane'it, else ho nev  oi vonld Ine It mud the pinner's  nit al mill moiiii'ins Hi vv is plodding  mill pois'-tent. ol-e he lU'iei would  lme niiin! f.n Inio tlie ni^ht to bilng  out the wiekl} is-uis of 'llie Sauga-  won Iinv  His oli.ic v>ns even older than tho  mail lo see It one could almost guess  Wll.lt 111.11 tie. ot in in wns Its pitsll'lllg  gomes It Is standing todiiy. n plain  squ'tie cabin ou the m>i,\ ciowu of a  llesol.ile lull lim link's loinoied fiom  mi} town BeLliiil It and sheltering it  lioin tbe spite of the vv'.iilci winds  aid the alteinoon sun ls a grove of  gie.it toweling o.il> tiees hltlug their  bi inches liUli ovei the head of a tangled mass of loi est shiulil.eiv. its one  door Is nulled slim, and sliong boards  covei the two siiuuos on eitliei side  ���where windows onco let lu a timid  llsht b} ila\ nml sent out n ghostly  glimmer of oil lamps b} night  r'oi ten jears not a foot has been set  inside the door. 1 he little old hand  ])ies9 was removed long ngo and the  worn t} pc. One might tinil a rusty  btlcs. nestling beie and theie In the  ciacks of tlio boaid Iloor. nnd lie might  sie a bit of }ellow paper tacked mar  the iloor bearing the words In Josh's  own li.indwilting  "Loafers are imited to the black-  Btnitli shop down the road. This is a  pimtoij."  Coming fiom nnvbody else this hint  might have united trouble, but n-speit  foi Josh KSnriuj's Iron muscles and his  teem ng brain biou^ht It only silent  obi'ilience.  Low or Corners, which, by the way, is  not a village, but a farming community, trmdo spoit of ,)osh when he lust  catne and started Ills new spa pci. 'Hint  was befotG the} knew nnjthing about  the big brain tint dominated Ills an  gular body. De managed to get something Iuto eveiv issue that set Ins  uplgbbois thinking nnd made them respect hlni for his learning.  In Lower Cornets toila.i there are  mon of families who weie boys ten  >ciH3 ago���big. lusty, mischievous bovs  v, bo loved a lish fi v in the summer nud  n bobsled ride when the snow was  Unne deep on the rtoc'hoster load. Of  course, tbey remember the uight when  a dozen ot tbem, plauiig the gallant  to ns many eountiy girls with ruddy  cheeks, rode past Kuinev's little oflice  and bombatdeil the door with snowballs  Kinney never forgot It, brcause the  ciash of those snowballs sent n shock  to his lie.iit thnt dunged the euuent  of his Hie All nulit long he lutd lii-aid  nothing but the monotonous hinting of  "he I'ttle pi ess which his foot kept In  motion Uow piosilc It wns ag'inst  tlie lollicklng Jingle of the Meiglibolls.  bow hnisli agilnst the musical laugh  toi ol the giils In the sled! And what  a stiange tin ill went through blm ns  he hi-ird one of these erv out- "I'louse  don't tluow an} more, bovs Vou  oughtn't to dlslmh Mr Klimey when  he's busy. Please don't."  ���And Is tbeio nail} sotnebod} who  -care3 euoiigli-iibnut  me to_ ttiinU of_  tin'*:" lie asked himself. "Am 1 doing  right to shut myself up here when I  might be, out with those boys and girls'.  1 wonder whose voice that was It  sounded like��� lint what reason have 1  to think that'."  M.i}be lie didn't have any renson to  think It, but a vague, tender hope lose  above reason "Mary"���what a pretty  name It was. Im thought���"Mnry Manning���Kinney" So timid wus tills big,  stiong man tlint he actually blushed ut  his- own nitdat'li; when he coupled tier  namo with tils "Mary Maiming Kln-  ucyl" it kept ringing In his sph Until  ear like the melody nf a fnvorlte song.  When I lie Inst Issue of The Sniigaiiioti  Jlov was ran olT nnd -losh Kinney crept  into bed. a host of sentimental fancies  kept lilm awnke until far into the  moinltig and then w-o\e themsclveB Into the fabric of bis dreams  Mary Manning wns the only daughter of the richest fni*mer ia Lower Corners and the one gtil in the community  who laid tossed aside tbe blue bonnet  of thi' district school and become a  8emln- ry girl abroad. She saw Jn Kinney so nothing more thaD a clod, something Higher than the creator of a  weoUl} rural pappr. She respected him  for his wide fund of information, for  his rugged sincerity, for his physical  and mental power. She���but she her  self could not have told by what proc '  ess sbe came to bold a tender regard  for this modest giant amoug pygmies  Possibly it was because Ue was at once  oo gentle and so strong  Lower Corners was suspicions eiutnsti  about most things, but It did not stoo  to givo the subject a second thought  when lush Kinney took Mary Manning home nftei iholr practice. lie  was just the biss singer antPshe the  iiigiinist. and ot ionise ho would not  let hei go unpielected Lower Cornels thought be was accommodating,  lhat was all  Would she pretest also when ho  I'houlil tell her of bis longing, of Ills  lovo? You. gentle rcider, know she  i.ould nut and .lush made bold enough  nne nUht when tl.e moonlight was  flowing ou tin- kills to Uud out for  himself. It was not for otheis to  linow what lie snld  "Not tii'iiss.uil} for ," iliilcatlon, but  Just ns an evidence of good faith,"  sild Josh long after when twitted  about It  'lhote onino .'mother night when the  moon was not shining The little olllce  was as dink is the great wot Id outside mid ns unlet lt waa Tliuisilay  night, and the hand press was still  'lli.it soi'iiH'd stiange to passersby ou  the mad '1 hey weie used to lie.iilng  the stead} clack of the press on that  night Ion,' nl tor 12. If the} had ob-  seiM'd ilosel}, thev inUht posslhlv  lime sexn tint the door was standing  wide opm and that o\er It wns n  si]trite white pitch of something  Tho ne\t dio���nil. what a Friday  that was for Lower Coiners! It tin*  been wiitten In gieat big letters Into  the hlstoi} of the neighborhood By  some fieak of fortune or misfortune  John Manning was the Hist man to  ilde down the road past Klnncj's office. The sun was Just lifting Its red  disk o\er the eoinlields to the east.  He was whistling his favotite tune,  the one bo had learned In tbe old days  when be wooed and won Nancy Cor-  wlu. He spied the bit of paper ovcr  Kinney's open doorway He passed  thiough the latticed gate aud up tho  bill to the cabin There he adjusted  bis spectacles and read these woids:  To subsetibois  Walk in and get your  EPILEPSY COMMA  A DIM". \SU Tl IAT H \S LONG BAF-  11.111) M11MCAL SKILL  Jli. Al A I'.aiilliur, of Buckingham,  tiiM , His 1_\)k.iliuo l'oi the Dentin oi Otlui MitUieib l'royi 'Ihis  Ti'inl.lo Aliiladj  1 i mu 'Ihe I'o.l, Hiiekingliui'i,  Que  \U miimiic in a} that in oui town  hi ,'!,dtlU inhabitants lew bu-aiiiss men  iuo ImIU i known that Mr. M A  Lunula, r, the jimu;, and hustling  btr.iiiu, ol .Mum stiiit lio wasn't  llllVVlVll, 1US uiieig, lu ui us sliusuiiig  ii couple of }uus a,,ii ns he ia to-  da\, und foi a t00|J leuson���he  wtisn l well Having gone into busi-  liissuu i (Niching his majority lus do-  sto In simec-d was sudi that no  lued Wius paid to kis.piug tlie bod}  in the .statu of health neiessaiy to  stand a sti am, and in consequent e of  the iMia ili'iiiuudi upon the s}stein  if biiiiim inn down io suih an e\-  n��t thut epil.-psj oi fulling sickness  icsukod, and Huso lapsvs into un-  loiistiousniss beconung aliu-miiigly  fiei|uuii hi. itiiisulli-d ph}sieians tuiil  look ,ome ioiiii-diii, but without  biniliCinl ksuIis i'luall.N seeing Dr  Williams link 1'ills ud\irtisnd us a  Hire foi tailing bickuibs he dnidid to  gue Hi n. a uml As to the result,  the I'ost Luiiniil do butlir than gi\t-  -Mi l.aiitliui s stor} in lus own  wmils \ei,     said    Mr    (.lautluei,  un mail} leiii \iais 1 suiTeifd noni  o,i 1 |)'-'. oi lulling tits, mIikIi took  me without wm mug and usually in  mo->t un oinciueiii plaut, 1 am just  twijiU-ioiu }i-ais oi iv���e, and I think  1 staiti-d Ini** ness too jouni; luid the  fdi' ol failing spurred ine to gie.ilu  elliwls pirnnps Iliiin was good fo>  iu\ ion .iiliition, .uul the lonscquiiKO  wa-s that I bu.uuu subjut to those  attack'    wjudi tame    w tliout    an>  ABOUT GAS METKlts.  WHY  THESE   ERRATIC INSTRUMENTS  DO  NOT   EXPLODE  piper The editor ts busy elsewhere-" usa,jm���^ ^haisoivei, leaving me in  Manning, consumed with curiosity u,.b McK imd woak atLu Lh0J hul  and ncMT bashrul about getting what ] )ltl^uj , ^0L to ,ilui{i ih,,,, ,Ccui-  was coming to him, wont In and picked | iLnio \l!\ much I consult��I doctors  up a paper from a huge pile stacked on | and took then iiiuitlies to no pui-  the ollne table. lie glanced ovcr tho ,po-ii>, th fits still troubled me I  flrst page and then turned to Kinney's^ saw Di Willmms I'mk Tills ad\ei-  editoilals-be alwa^s liked to rend I tisel an I deteiiiiiinxl to tiy.them I  them e\en though be wns not always I "'d so and th> imdiiin- lu'lpid mo so  con^Incetl b} them. There was something there this time that blanched his  face mid made hitu totter to a chair for  suppoi t  Uis first impulse was to tear his paper into fragments and bum the rest,  but Instead he folded it up, thrust tt  Iuto his pocket and hurtled from the  office.  "Diat his hide!" he mumbled to him-  seir. "He might at lenst ha\o asked  me Ilow'd he kuow what I might  h.-ne said?"  In two hours e^e^y man, woman and  child lu I ower Corners who could had  mudi that 1 gin mo l and kept on  inkuu. th in until todaj 1 am as  wol'.jcs Ix.tla thnn I i\ir was, .ind  am not ti oublid al all b\ epilepsi o.  the fi.u of the Ills seizing ine again  'Ihiiilun; ih ie mav be otheis miiii-  l.iiIv alllntld I g \e my stoi\ to the  lJost it ii'av pei haps lead thun to  gi.e  this gieat medicine a  trial"  Pi Miliums ]Jink Pills are a posi-  ti\e ure fm all disiHa-sis ansing fiom  I nnpovcilshod blood, or n weak oi  ' shattered cond tion oi the ncnoas  svslur ljierj dose makes new,  'mil, iri l/luo\l nml gii'*s tone to the  nciies,   thus  curing  such  dis- uses  as  ,,   ,     ,   , ,, lepilipsv    !sl    Vitus    dame'paiahsi^,  de\ouied these double leaded lines: l,,^,,,,,,,, snl ,UaMca, lKalL doubles  "With tins Issue publication of Tho luliKlnmi e(c r, lu<,0 pl]1<| aIcilso n  Sangnmon Boy Is suspended for Iack1M,l0 f<)1 the a,imonts that make the  of an editor, tie came to you empty ,ii\(s 0i so many vionun a conslaiu  handed, he has gone with tbe fairest mistrv lli-j tue sold n boxes, the  Howei of Lower Corners, with the 'wrippei aroand which bonis the full  ���queen toso of tho rosebud garden of n mu���Di Williams' Pink Tills ior  girls' ne hopes be has gone, too, with jl'ale l'-ople fan be procured fiom  the kindly wishes of all this woitby  people Ue hems w ith blm no enmities,  uo tegiets. save those that come from  the seuse of a woik 111 done. If he had  ideals and failed to reach them, lt was  not because he lacked tbo Inspiration  o! your generous suppoit.  "Bettei Tbe Stngatuon Boy should  die in Ills jotith than be cast a wait  upon the world. Of lilm I shnll hold for  m.vself the tendeiest remembrance; to  .vou I bequeath whatever of good he  may have done. 1 loved him tbe moro  that he was only a boy, just a sl,ilp ot  a lad who longed to bo a man and  wield a man's power Pity that oue so  young should not have bad a wiser  baud to point his way and guide his  vvaveilng feet. *\\ li"n you, my fi lends,  shall rend these lines, his life v. ill hive  closed, and mine���will have begun in  fuller measuie. Do jou doubt my  prophecy?   Head-  "KINNEY���MANNING -Married, June 17, ln  Sprninl t.ld, at nndni���-lit, b) K.%. John Ingalls,  pjhlor ot tlie Grind Au'nuL' M C ttiurcli, at Inn  resilience, Joshua Kinnev ami Miss Mar. Manilnff,  both or Loner Coiners Shortly after the ceie-  mon> Mr and Mrs. hltini> left on tlie Alton for  Kansas City, where the late Ltlltor of The Sangamon t!o> uill f.rhc tits enure time to nctc-pjper  work The bride ls the iijui.htcr of John Manning, one of the best knoun farmers of Sangat-ioa  county        ' I  Two houis after ho had read thla  conc!sc_iiotice_.Joliii_MannIug held^ in_  one of his bands a telegram fiom St  Louis signed "Muiy." It simply staled  that she was very happy with tho  "dealest man In the world."  Ac}iil<nl neighbor said Manning was  conciliated b.v that statement nbout  "one of the mo��t prominent farmers;"  but, whatever iho cause, Manning declined that "Kinney Is a mighty long  way fiom being the worst man In the  world."���Clilcugo Uecord-IIerald.  elui(.gists,    or will bo sent   bv  mail  post  j jul   nt no cents a box, or six  boil's  fo     &l_ IO    bv   adelieasing  the  Dr    Williams    Mod line     Co,   lhuiA-  vill\   Out  11 Hows who travel on tlieir faces  ina> b" said to have moms of suppoi t  '*.iii'ii  _.-  -lie dsntiiKcmenls of tho <=toraficli, Iher,  . at I luotl uo >i>�� thi   in .ond ij tho icti\o  l>r 11C I'lO Of Ihll 11   .rC 'llh.S Clt01111�� lUtd >tll0  c >nu>o->it on of Viimelei'i ".CoUt.tblo Pill  ill,_j pull net, ipiialii tils on tho doriuiKcd  ' o- i ^.st rrAiLin'yio nct'iin tho dormant oner  n i of i'r> *y 'cm, tkeioby rcmovnis d.scT-o  int1 renew.: ;ho nnd vitality to tho afflicted  T'i i'i' Iipj tho rront sec--1of tho populan^ of  P umidio's Vt,?t.Ublj Pilia.  ft'ltl e.i'h is a thing it ��iv  s in  t lull to pal t Willi  (_l' * I IC Mil  ��-co,itn -ri, b  POM'JH,   lli-iltl  n tinil;., tl tu  cino  i n- ii  ue    "l -jr,i\ iri- i-  tlo'-o i" i iu i�� it'ti na   i,   r  uteil   , , n bin     ' I,eel l "< j  !r  liio   ti.' Lcl'c'uo On is  t in ', i   iri cu uijisi to ( ir.  ,e n'��d ,r,rir,i iinu,lir K u�� r r \nimi- ' imc1-  "il none 111 in in r.,.- I   t��r(-0_OL ,he !_ ,i'j v.  \ h -n it ,j ain hctl  Unclaimed Gold.  It Is shown by official returns to  parliament that In the English clinu-  ceiy thcic Is about ��00,000,000 or, say,  $'.280,000,000. of which all but about  $0,000,000 Is kept subject to the orders  of the court In enses now before It  This sum of $0,000,000, known ofllclnlly  as "dormant funds In chancery," ls tho  only amount of chancery for which  owuers are uot absolutely yislble, and  for a large part of these dormant funda  owneis are pretty certainly known.  The. statement ought to have some  effect ou the well established business  of finding "heirs" for vast estates.  Dozens of astute pet sons, disinclined  for ordinary labor, have made comfortable livings out of credulous people  who have contributed to funds to secure these estates, to which tbey believed themselves entitled as heirs.  The claim agents have not restricted  tbeir operatious to any one country-  Canada, the United States, tbe contl-  I nent of Europe, the British colonies,  have provided a living for tbem.   '.  Ihe on'v wav to make some men  ackiien- le dje tlie corn is io si.u ip on  tluir feet  Mother G* tics' Worm I./tci i motor !m the  I trs-"-bt s llo of tu> sunilir p.ep m lion stiitl m  Can td.l. lt il(\nw, iriius ttisfaction b} rostor  n,.' h<_.i__l! to the little folks  With     llu   dialer  in    seiond-hand  goods it is never  too line to mind  HINABD'S L1II1MENT BelliYes HiMtigln.  When it Lomc�� to tolling their ages  most women are old enough Io know  bc-ttei  SOZPBPNYTQOTH POWDER 25c  A paper of pins Is nol without, lis  line points  Urol  Un on Time.  "Oil, come now, I s'y!" exi Inlmeil the  Rrltlsher. "You must iidmlt we're  ii licit) or } on In n gilte muni \\'\s."  "In one great particular I admit you  nie," said the Yankee.  "And that IsV"  "'I line. It's 8 o'clock In London, aud  It's only 3 here."  Juvenile ItoniMinlnfc.  Mr. Wise���Jolmnj, can }ou tell mo  why tbe little band ou my watch goes  faster than tbe big one?  lobnuy (after mature rellectlon)���  Pnpa, Isn't It for the same reason that  1 have to run when 1 $o walking with  jou?  An Important location.  "This," snid the guide, with an impre��-  sivc flourish, "ib the famous Slstme Madonna by Raphael. It is valued at close  to a million dollars."  "Ah," remarked the American tourist,  "and does that include the frame?"���  Philadelphia Pi ess.  Snob nn Acelilent l�� ho .Horo Likely  to Happen to 'lliem 'I linn to V1IIU  Bottlin or Suit IIiikk���Wlmi linen  tlaiuiOD fu Chmc of 1'lre.  'Ihe pioieness of the average news  piper lt'piuicr to attiUnite ii'llar nm  l!ni_iiitliin-> to the explosion of gas im>  tcis tepit'-iMits what appeals lo be an  ttii'tadliable race Halt No iiiiiuimi of  iiiiitindlitloti nnd no accumulation of  pi out that Riii'li an uceldent Is an Im  |iii-.lblllty seems to iinvli the news-  galhcii'is, who go ou leportlns the "x-  pin-Inn of gns iiii'teis. doubtless lie-  i-air-o the lilt-men hnve a tradition tbut  uii'ieiB ari> etplosive and glvi> 'bis e*t-  Dlanatlon of eveiy fire which they can  not othei vv We account for.  Toi the ri'.issin u ie of ndrvous pi-o  pie It glvi>-> ii* pleasure to ray that no  gas nieicr over exploded since the  woild began, and until tbey ate made  on veiv (Hlleieiit plans nnd contain  gas ot veiy dilfiieiit ininposltloii from  tbnt now used foi Illuminating pur-  poi-es such an aiildent Is no moie likely to happen to them than to milk bottles nr salt bags  'I he domestic gns meter has a moro  or less well deserved reputation foi  hibliuil inetidneii}. though as likely  ���o He ng-ilnst the gas .oiupiiny as for  It: but It has ncvn done anj thing to  vaiiaut the suspicion that It Is liable  to go oft with n bing it Is a tin bo\  of u llnle less thin one cubic foot  enpacll}. put together with soldered  semis and Japanned.  Into and through it passes the gas.  which enteis tluoiub the service pipe  onniu'i'tliig the main with tbe house  usiiallv of half sin inch diameter, ll  hns very Utile cnpicit} for gas stoiage.  nnd is not stiong eiiotuh to cany gas  nutlet a giouter coinptt-sion than, say.  halt n pound pei hiin.ite Inch Moie  than Ibis would bulge Its sides ,Jn  point of fact He pie^snie or gas In  lpeteis Is larely moie than enough to  balance a column of watei two or three  Inches blfli  lt a gas meter Is e\pesed to gieat  heat fiom ?vterual hie. nothing very  seilous hapoens 'ihe sohleied seams  will prohalih melt, allowing Uie ga��  to eseape 'Ibis gas Is not explosive,  however It beioiues so onlj when  mlud with uli ln ceitaiu definite pio  ��ot'ton>-  Should this RdmlMute exist In a  meter, which I* almost Impossible. Its  shell is not strong enough to oliei anj  great resistance, 'and should nn e.s  plosion occur by reason of (lie teach  Inr; this adiniitiiie of gas nnd an the  meter would be wiecked. but It ts  doubtful of any other damage would  result Noue bns been wrecked fiom  this cause  If the seams of the meter are opened  by the melting of tbe solder or bv fiae-  ture fi om, accident, 'the gas within It  would escape, and. If It hud the chance,  burn Outside the metir It might have  oppoitunlty to foim the e\plos.lve mls-  tuie with all and do some damage.  What actually 1111111100" In the case  of hies attributed to the evploslou of  gis meters Is usually this: (Jas which  has leaked fiom defective pipes or  worked Into the celliu fiom broken or  defertlve stteet mams accumulates ln  pockets foi mod I)} tafters aud f>lae-  wheie and remains there until It comes  ln contact with an accidental liie  of some sou A lire staits in tbe cellar and tbe tempeiatuie giadually rises  until the smolileiing rubbish bursts Inio llame 'J his reaches tbe mKtuie of  gas nDd air along the celling nud an  explosion follows  Uhe motet, nntmally enough, is  thrown down and probably torn from  Its connections, and the conclusion 1��  reached that, histoid of being 1I)p vie  tlm of the aiciilent, the InoPenshe uie  toi is the cause ot all the uo��ble and  bas Indulged Its Inheient pioponsitv to  set the house nfiie alter liUing it from  Us founditlons  It Is a peifi'ctly safe gonerallvation  thnt the "11s vbith makes trouble In  cellars Is wbollj outside tbe meter ind  never Inside ol It (Irindstoiies some-  tlinr-s eiplcid" with fatal lesults In siw  fuctorlcs. but the excellent old lad"  who. nlt��r re-idlng of such nn nccldent  and recilllng tlm' there wus on old  grindstone In one comer of the cellar  which had been th��re twent.v .vuiis,  ^tedjt^ouple^ti^nijjsto ennv It to  the extreme- corner of the-gnnlen_nnd  pour w'tor on It tor 1111 hour, mean  vvtiHe giving thank" thnt It had not  blown liPi>.i'ir and family Into eteinltv  "uiiboknow 11st to nny of us" was of  the tjpe ol those who. through rear ol  gns motor evploslous, nie ull tlii-li life  time subjei't lo nervous chills  'J here Is not a gns meter In ime under  which It would not be perfectly sate  to build n bonfire, provided. 01 couise.  there was not a nuiiiitltj ol gns out  side of It which tbe same Ure could  reach.- ,  Why Snow I* .Not Ulnrk or Red.  Why Is the snow vvhl'e? ls a ques  tlon frequently asked. Because black  snow would be dncgerous; so would  red or yellow. 'J hose are "warmtni*  np colois." and tbey cbnnge the sun's  rays to heat. Snob snow would soon  melt again aiid prove a very poor protection But white snow throwb back  tbe sunlight In Just the foim ID which  It receives It, and thus the snow can be  long on the ground Throw dirt on  the snow and Its dark color^qulckly  makes It eat Its way In whenever the  sun Gtilnos 00 lt After n snowstorm,  otire let tbe hor��e��' feet mingle the  il ti r of tbo road with the snow and  sleighing will soon te ovir ��� l'ro.i".sot  K. a Scbtnuclter In Lailleii' Home  Jo'irnak  To be sure, faint heart npver won  fair lady, hot, on the oilier baud, dis  cretloo Is seldom sued for bleach ol  DTOUll94V  sliould keep raee horses or hound1! or  stay one night at Newiuniket. "tli.it In  famous seminary of iniquity and III  manners," during the* oomse of the  races theie. or should lose on nnv on*  dny by betting 01 ginning as much ni  ��300. then In such ease lie shall foifelr  ��3.000 to the dean nnd cbnpli'i of  Westminster fot every such offense.���  All the Year Round.  ISOLATION OF ACTORS.  Condition* Which  Mnke  the  t'rotei-  ��lou n Wortil  by  Itnclr.  This condition, which from some Im-  poitant points of view Is fortunate,  fiotu others unfottunateniid fiom nearly all Inevitable. Is unique Indeed.  Heie we have the only largre class of  woikets which keeps the world at  aim's length Clergymen, physicians,  hwyeis, aicbltects inetflinnjs, trades  men and Inhorcis of all soits, by the  ver} terms of their foil are brought  Into constant persoifnl cpntnet with  psiisliioiieis. patients, clients or cus  lomeis. Even paluteis and sculptors  must needs be In touch with their patrons  Bin that thin. Impassible row of  billing lamps which liius the front of  the stage accomplishes what the gieat  wall of China was built to 'iceompllsh.  Behind thum Is the solo "piofe-slon,"  in fiont of them the bniharous laity  If the player desired to break elovvn  the paitltiiin, he would scaicely be  able to do so.  1'iom tbe more important social gnth-  pi lugs which tnlie place in the evening  both actiess and letor nie necessnnlv  absent The actoi mny vote If he can  ncqiine a residente nnd contrive to be  in his own citj on election day. but  It Is impossible that li'' should Inko  auv active pait In politics; or pnitlel-  pate In prelimln it} meetings, caucus  us unci i.illies wlni li me held at night,  and as to 'atteii'lnnce at chinch, the  pin}or cncoimteis. In the flist place.  the difficulty, liisepaialile troni his  wandering llie, of in iking n connection  with a parish nnd, besides, in recent  j mis. Is almost constantly lequiied to  tiavel on Sunday, passing from a Sat-  urelii} evening's perloi iiianee In one  town to n Monday nioiniug's rehearsal  In another. ~ ,  Knon   Your t>��n tuiinclty.  If tbe people about you me carrying  on their business ot their benevolent e  at a puce which diavva the life out of  you. itsolutely take a slower pace; be  called a laggard, uinlto less moucy. accomplish less wot.); than fhey. but be  Vi'httt jou are meant to bo and can be.  You have join iintiiial limit of power  us much ns au engine��� ten horscpovvei ,  or twenty 01 a hiauiretl. \oti are lit  to tin eciliiln kinds of vvoil;. nud you  need 11 ceiinln kind nnd amount of  fuel and tt ceriulu kind of buudllug.  Cleaning JcmoIb.  With the eviepilon ot pearls Jewels  may lie washed with win 111 wnter and  pine soap The} .should then be put  iu bowvood sawdust to elrj If this Is  ilii'ie-, polishing will be unnecessaiy.  As boxwood anvvtlust Is very Hue. It  will not scratcli anil ns It absoilis  moisture i.ipidl.v It helps to give jewels  a high polish li can be procured from  rui} ilealei in jeweler's supplies or or-  deieil thiough n jevvelei  Tluitie   ronllMli  (pjOHtlciliB!  Benevneni Old ljuh-Ilovv old nre  you. sii .*  The Youngster���Thh tv-tive  Ueiifviileiii  Old  l.iidv-U'ie-lieloi ?  The Youngxloi -Aliis. its  Bi'iii'volent O'd l.nl}���Ah 'no bad.  How loii^';.  BEAVER TAIL SOUP.  A Mlolilcrnn   Lumber Cntnp  Delicacy  Hint Anmrct] n _Hni-> Inutler.  "Although I am a Miuylnnder nnd an  I_.T-tein Shoieoneiit that." said an epicure ttoin that stile, "and conscquent-  Ij know what good things to eat 111 e. I  aunt to tell you tha't I'll have to take  off my lint to the lumber camp 100k of  the uppei Michigan peninsula as the  discoveii'i, fabncntor mid illspeusc>r of  a dish that knocks the I] istern Shore  cui-iiie sill}. And that iare lumber  camp dish Is beavei tail soup.  "I was with Colonel l'aik of Coluin  bus, 0 . deer hunting In the R'liny lake  region of Michigan one Tall. Wo lived  at a lumbci camp boaidlng shunt}.  "'ilii'ie weie signs of beavei at the  uppei end of the like, cud a ttapper  suicceded In flapping one of tho wily  dam builders  "When the beavei vvas brought lino  carip the tamp took wont neail} wild  and Iso el.d the liiiulieiiiien "vheii thej  beard the news, all bcciuse the} bad  been ti}ing to tiap a beavei foi weeks,  not foi Its fur. but foi Its tall ns tliey  weie plnlus. thev said, toi hen vet tall,  soup  "1 he cook took that broad appendage  ofthe beaver, mailed like nn aiiii.ulillo  tool; ft0111 It the nuclei 1} ing bone and  mt>at. and fiom It made such a soup us  never came fiom any otlier stock nt the  beck ot th�� most e\peit and scientific*  chel that ever put a kettle on.  "V, e could do the same thing and  pchips bettei o'l the Eastern Slime,  but we l:it\ out' tiling. We haven't got  the beaveis to jleltl us their tails."  Tlielr I ittlo Si���it.  Roggs���1 hear vou have fallen out  with join svveothi lut  Ju���'4s���Yes She got an Idt 11 Into  tie! In ail thn 1 v as 1111..IV ill her at.tl  It in.iili nit' nilgiv In have her Ihlnk I  was iiiiuason ilile enough 10 get uu^ry  it ber.  Proilillnar Por u VVnynnrd Son,  L011I Chesteilield gave advice to his  son In suiitliy lei lei s, >vhlch might or  might not be folluivcd, but in bis will  he took good caie that "my godson  rhll.p Stanhope." should have stiong  Inducement to lollnvv Ills nilvlce on nt  least oiie point. All the bequests aro  sulileit to the condition tbnt If Philip  IlGttiunce of tlie Corlnthlnn Colnmti,  Iu the wiutei a }Oimg gill had died  la Corinth Some tluit nfteiwaid he:  maid pnthc'ii'il together vailous tiln  kets mid playthings which tbe gnl had  loved and bi ought them to the gills  giave. Theie she placed tliem lu a  basket near the monument and put  a latge squaie tile n[.on the basket to  pie\ent the wind fiom overturning It.  It harp-cued Hint uuder the b..skct vvas  a root of au .acanthus plant. When  spring came, the acanthus spioutcd.  but Its shoots weie not able to pleice  the basket and acordlngly they giew  around It, having the basket In tlielr  midst. Such of the long leaves fis  grew up ngalnst the* tour protiudlug  corncis of the tlle on the top of the  basket curled round under these corners and formed pretty volutes  Kalllmachos, the sculptor, walking  that ,way one dny, saw this and immediately conceived the notion that tho  foim of the basket with the plaque  on top of It and sail rounded by tbo  leaves and stnlks of acanthus would  be a comely bending for columns in architecture lie fiom this Idea formed  the beautiful Coilnihiau style of capital Such, at least, ls the story as the  architect Vitrtivlus told it 1,000 jeais  ago.  ���.. x 1  Too 51 uoh Apntliy.  Couldock's coinpiinj' vvas once barnstorming through Virginia It was nt  Fetoisburg, null the plnj vvas "The  Chimney Corner." All lluough the audience sat in dlstiesslng silence, neither  laughing nor shedding a tear, although  "The Chimney Cot nor" abounds with  humor and' pntlios nnd the company  then pi educing It wns of great meilt  foi those times Couliloi'k'uppoaii'd to  pay no attention to the npiilli} of bis  audience until just 111 the close of the  perfoi mance The concluding linos of  the play aie somewhat to this effect:  "You. John, ate bappv, and so aie you,,  Ellon; so am I, and so nie we all. Lot  us hope that our Irleuds the public  shine our happiness"  But. to the sm pi iso of everybody,  Couldock fell Into a toweling passion  when he 1 cached these lines, nnd In  tluindeiliig tones lie sild, "You. .lolin.  aie happ}. nnd so nre j*ou, Kllen; so  nm I, and so are vve nil ovcept the fools  that have been sitting like stoughton  bottles in-fiont of the footlights to-  "n Ight!" ' -*=   A Pergonal ImpreMlon.  "Did Noah ouly take two o' eacb  kind 0' animal In de ark vvlf 'iuW" said  Mr. Ihnstus Pinkie1}'.  "Dat's what I un'stau's," snld Miss  Miami Blown.  .,  "Well, course, Noali wan rtiiinln' da  boat, but I would er 'specteel tint he'd  0' In Id, In an extra supply .o' pork au'  chickens,"  Jtloaracucss,  I>ry Tliroat, Sore Thront,  lironchinl Troubles, Coughs, Colds ard Anthma,  l>r. Chaso'rj Syrup of Linseed and Turpentine ie a     /  Care of Proven Merit.  1  There nro moro ministers, smgers and public speakers using Dr. Chh.se's Syrup of Linseed an-d Turpentino  than nny other similar preparation, because it is exactly suited to tlieir needs By tak ng a doso of this pre-  piualion befoie going on the platform thov feel certain of freedom from dry throat, hoarseness and throat irritation, than which thero can bo nothing more embarrassing to a singer  or speaker.  Besides Uie nnnovancc of Uirqat  irrltatron public siieakerB scem'to be especially   susceptible   to tTronchial\  tioublc, pneumonia and lung diseases,'and for this reason  it seems wise  to have in your grip   when leaving  home a bottle o( Dr   Chase's bvrup  of Linseed uud Turpentine, -whioh1 is  beyond   all   doubt   the most  thor-  oughlv effective treatment for biont-hlal find lung troubles that is to be  obtained.  l.r Chase's Sjriip of Janseed and Turpentine ards expectoration, clears tho throat and air passages, soothes  and quiets the nerves which cause coupliing, and thoioughly cures all throat nnd bronchial troubles There  aie other propa-ntions of Linseed and Turpentine put up in imitation 01 Dr Chase's. Be sure that tJio portrait nnd signature of Dr A XX Chase are on the bottle you buy. 2ri cents a bottle ; ' family size, threo  times as much, GO cents    At all dealeis, 01  Ddina.nco*', Bates & Co., Toronto. .1-' **  '-S'l:':v  A GREAT li ACE ISSUE.  RECENT INCIDENT Or U.S. PRESIDENT  AND BOOKER T. WASHINGTON.  How a Po��t"Sr����'Ilia KvcnV��� Tlio 'Sniiihi-rii  I'apcra All WnrUnl Up oi'r tlinjfiiiilni:  of tho foli,ml  .il��n I��y  ilw suiiiwr  Of IllO  I.HttJ   I'l't-Mllldllt. .Vu*Jilll>IT.V ��� l*<-:��('  of Iiiiiii'imiri'iii;_i'.  Two brother*'sat lu fi lentil)' vliat  Ami sweetly swiped i��i,-i'ilii'i':  The one wits wlilii���I'm liuiel..' rixlit���  Ami one of tliii'lici' feather.  Not ofT one pliilo tlii'se liri.tlicru iili-  The chief Hml tlclf'to s;i;ii't'~-  Bui nt one tnide, n-liltc min s.ili'e,  Kujoycd u milieu's fm'r.  Then Tctltly askiitl. "IIiivv fairs tlie SeatliJ  I'or I must pli-il.'.- the 11,1:�� un"  The nnswor cume to hooker s tiiiue,  "Vou c-iiuiiot plensu freiitlon."  "The colored gent will tie content  ' : When vlijlits iuo ttivi-c.. roKliuuletl:  .Not so ihe white, with Juiintlleeil night,  LAatl Ji'nluti��ly iift'oi'toil." ,  "The very tlliilni; here viltli.vou  Tliey will im.-i'i't Is ti'tiisun:  . The Southern while will snarl mill tiltu  And say 'you've "est jour i-cimiii.'"  "Von startle me>!   It t'lliinur lie  That mi'ii will lose Heir k. nsis.  To tester  trroug an t nrlte 'prolong'.  ,' And multiply titTcutea."  "'Tweonyou niul  me  jtnril  shortly  tee--  lleforo my home's saluted���  The picss will storm In finntie form  -    Aid jou, our chief, be lioo'.oil."  "They don't receive, .inil few believe,  ���Of ono blood' l.ml inatlo nil riiees;  Tliey live for slilfe, their li.-ite-ls life,  They steal our rightful places "    '  "Apiioliitinents there I'll make with care,  They woik with vvoiitlioii-, power;  -Till pence, ami harmony 'prevail���  For peace iiccept lliis .tower."  True piophets -peak that hour!  Laurel, Xov. 1, IfMI.  ���rnlai'inon, In 'Sunday'.World.  A GREAT RACE ISSUE.  The incident of President Roosevelt inviting Booker T. Washington,  \i representative colored man, to  dinner at ihe White House1; bus evoked n storm throughout the soiilh  The northern press have upheld tne  President, and almost ���saviigclv cn-  ticired' the South and Southern indignation.  , The Southern press nre gutting  buck, niul evidently tliey are deeply  in earnest in whnt tbey s.iv And  whnt they sa}' has been evidently  ovei looked in all the hostile ei ti-  eism of the Koithein papcis ".Kit  the Southern white nppichend and  then appiehonsion sometimes using  almost to the point of terroi, is thut  social iccognition of the negio mny  lead to  a feeling of social cqu ility  plane alone that race . barriers can  bobrbken down. No peoplo see this  great central truth ns the Southern  peoplo see it. Phey see it because  they are up against it. All the  philanthropists, ail the ncrgophil-  ists, all the social hermaphrodites,  all the political spoilsmen''-'in- quest  of.votes, in ull the world cannot rub  if out.'.'. The New-Orleans Timc's-  Democrut, quoted above, says 'similarly':  "It nuiy";' be interesting to . entertain oiienegro iiiiiong ten thousand  white men nt V.alo University.   Such  variety might please tho    iiiind    of  desultor.v men���nt thu  -Vortli, where  'negroes    nro curiosities' nnd    where  tliey uvviiken eiliior a lnaudlin .sentiment or n cerluin pitiful condescension In which commiseration is mingled    vvith contempt.'    To estnbllsli  such    lit precedent   In   tho     South  where    negroes      nro  so  numerous,  would, ns everyone knows, open the  way    to conditions horrible to contemplate.    It would lend to. the miscegenation   and" amalgamation,    or  moro exactly a barbarism, in which  tlie    virtues of both the whito race  and the black rnccWould,bo lost and  Into which the vices of each    Would  be conserved. .If the advocates    of  racial ^social  equality doubts   - the;  truth of that statement, let him.stu-  dy the records of crime, of vice, anil  of "sin in the Southern States?    'Let  him study it in New  York,  in Cincinnati, iu St. Louis, in Chicago, 01  in any otlier Northern.city in which  negroes cingrcgate!    Let him study  it well, arid ho will, learn a lesson he  should hnStcn to '.depart to tho1 President of the United  States."  KING EDWARDVII.  Novel   Picture  of   Illtt   Majesty   Itecentlv  I'l'Illti'tt'ln l.oittlnti Tutler.  This is a picture of King Edwnid  VJT. of England, and was recentlv  printed in The London Tatlc-r.  It is     entitled   "A  Itoyal Button  SPORTS OF WINTEI  TOBOGGANING   IS   TO  BE   POPULAR  DURING COMING SEASON.  -ouiotlilnt About This Kind, of Winter  sport In Iu JSoit KxcltlDE Form���The  New Style of TolioctriiiK That Hnve  JEvolTetl During: the Taut Mn AVIntem  ���A SoJontlfio Toutiirtfitu Couriie.  Sovoral yenrs ngo tho chief toboggan runs iu tho large cities of Canada woro closed on account of the  ddcliuo in interest in, this highly exciting nud beneficial winter ��� sport  Whilo it would bo ridiculous to say  thnt thoro would ovor bo a decidedly  clear abandoning of this sport 'In  tliis country, it is a matter of record that tobogganing hns not been  us popular for live yenrs ns it should  havo been  That there is to bo a marked    re  LAV, St.ilC.S'i'IHt!  ���>cot*itsK.":-.  "A I.OV VL I t'llOMIOlI V  ' _>  hole," and foi this ic.ison has been  cnticued as a inisnoi ici at lcastj  As an in listie ai lamjorient, however, it has been nighlj coiumrnidcd  l   LllTH I'S   iu  HOOKKI: '!'. VVASHI.VOTOX I.V CVr AKD OOW'X.  that v.ill result finnllv in niteimar-  iiage and laeial deleiioinlioii und  'llie New Oi leans 'Jimcs-Demociat de-  claiius that the Southern, peoplo  will dedicate their lives, thou fm-  tunes, and then aacicd honoi io  piotcct themselves fiom a bin bai ism  that would be vvoise than annihilation " The Ilithiuond limes explains the Southern feeling ovei the  incident, as follows  It means that the Piesidcnt is  willing that ncgioes shall \mingle  freely with whites in the social circle���that white women mav icceuu  attentions fiom negio men It  means that there is no liieinl mason  ijHi^jjpwiion__vv_hy_i\hites nud bl icks  may not .'marry., and intermarry,-why  tlie Anglo-Sa\on umj' mi I- nigro  blood with his blood. Thiit is vvluit  abolishing the coloi hue means, nud  all the special pleading m the woild  will not altar the fut..  Jt is a very simple nnd lnsignifi-  euit thing to J'lcsident Roosevelt  and Ins defentleis that ho has icceiv-  ed a negio into his household upon  lerinH of .social equality, nntl perhaps  it is a simplo'iuid Insignificant thing  to thu people of tlio Xoi tli Hut if  .'; wu of the south .should ndtipt . this  iloetrinc, If wo Should ngico lo ubol-  l��h tho coloi linc-iiiitl wipe nut nil  racial distinctions, it would mean  sooner oi Intel- social denim ill/afion  and the degeneration of the pioud  vvhito ruie into a Mice of niulnlteies  Tho vvhito nico of tho South mint  picseivo its integrity or suiter annihilation  ���'Thin ls not livstoncal talk, it Is  plain t fact, *wMch every Soutlieinoi  and evciy((.senslblo mini eh evvjeio  who will meet tlie qtics'iofi lite to  face must appreciate " , ,  Tho fcclingvo,\iuessed in the nbovu  pai agrii|!hs  mns  thiough-llie    eon-  meuts of the iicv��sj_i_j>cis. in all paits  of the South,'and is efpre^seil    eiut-  spokenlj  m Tho, Louisville   (.'ninci-  Joiitnnl.S "The  ijfoniplii,-   S. I "iitfii"  The    Houston, i Vast      T'lc  At I nt  Join mil and ipanv othv r pipi  s    111  Memphis Commcicial-Appi >I t v'jn  that  "no Sot them, v     i   i     v iih  pioper   self-ie��i*e' ' ' 1   in  \      't  Theie is one Iowa lanjoi who dis  ffgnrt's the ethics oi the piofessiou  and use1 ndvcitismg ot a unique nature 'J be follow i j is a eopj oi his  latest Jettcilicad  ,    tom rr arrLNEK,  .Law v ei  Piactices in evei y com t on this  earthly ball, expert title peifectoi  and buys and sells inui Ignites and  makes loans Am the ied - headed  smooth-faced, frecklecl-puiietui ed Legal Napoleon of tin Slope, and ul-  vvajs in the saddle Active as the  Nocturnal Telinc Leonmc in Buttle,  but Oentle as a Dove "J ces aie the  sn evvs of war "  All jMilnei's residence is Belle  Halne, Iuvvi lie is a lawvei  of abtlitj, anil bus acquncd a ltpu-  tntion as a criminal attorney His  piaetiee extends all over the State  21oei-H In, Ili.Tiiiiielii.  The population of''the Bci mucins is  at present largeK composed of  Boers Those have been ti unspoiled  to this part of the Bi ltish possessions "for the good of the empire "  v-ival of;, interest .Jn tliis grand sport  this, vyintciv is,:evideiit from the. prc-  Paratioiis'j being.., iiiado.: by .the sporting goocls.liou.ses-, to supply, the'- demand for.',toboggans.-; :The: faniiliur  long, narrow,., hardwood .toboggan,  so ..'much' used- in- ,thb 'Jiomiiii6ii,7iins  apparently -served *its. purpose..7-The  gradualy'cyp.lution'bfcboth'.-. tlie ..'run  anil the,;sled ��� used in. scientific,,: to-';  . bogganiijgy h'ii's0 caused the adoinipfj  of a muclrdifleront'slcd, '.As.;a*matter: of fact,-7the,..toboggan.; that7 will  be unlversiUly;7'u'scd;'thisvivviiitor. Ms  not the;S.wis;s..".sclilitti,'V.but a coni-  binatidn-of; the; best .feu'tiiresVpf. ���.tlie  Canadian", tbbogganjniid,the;stylo7of;  sit>d_;t';--;*so 7gencraI lyi;. used i,iiiiVAlpino;  ctniut.i-ie!s7'f6r7years.7;':',7--.;7:7;7 '7.77:  irnch*'.thpuglit:!litis';bcen. spent-upon  the , new.Jtobpggaiis; by-*pe6ille';with.���  spbi'tihg;7; instincts; who 1; inade7^S't..  , _lIorite';,ahd7Bayps7their' .'htiiin ts';;.'��� jh-  winter ;mpntlis--;tt>;get ;the,-;b,ehefitVof;  the Alpine::.weatlie'r,;;Jfor'7piilnipiiiiri7  tioublos;7S'w!I'heseK:0iithiisiast;s7:7!il'tei-T  eontiiiual.;,exp'eruiieiitiiig7iliii'.in  piist7Hfow:iye_u;s7}*iiiyc; cbiiie^tti. tiie  conciusiorijithatijtlie^wissjtypqtir.p"^  sled^ wnsS'to^siioi'^fbiVdiues.A  n nti:liSlioo-iiiigh^foi-. ::grcivt'��� SI ability..  y'lioy��5'_^uhd7tlmti^the.^ippii|ar.:^a  familiur^Cariadiriii.HypV7^  to bo7readily;7'ancl7'si.icc6s"sfiiily^  ed abdutycbruei-s.jif/tlie"runs nntl-top;  lnw^to;-.ad���m_'6;'pf.>"bp  balancing,'. ^.-j.'t.ljb7:i'i6yicc:.rirtlKH'C,.jrcalL".  it tj-.Of'.''cpurse' it ;did viibtjital;t_7tliese*  experts ���long'to" find ;but';7iii*).!*  cutvedTilnnor-was' inore'-resilioii.titiiid';  ,thnt.>v7tlie;a-6uiid^ruiiner "wiis,;.faster-.  thiini.:tlic;:firi't, oi(o7-or,        ������:,77*:--77,77''  But7why ;changed the style' of ;��� .ia-,  boggnnjiit-.;*!.!,!?^!1" .{(jplfprs !. plii.Vecl  foi seiisorisoycira.coiirse'Stliritf vvas  pi ifcctly-cloiir'nutl Jdeyeiid,ilpf::htuil<pi;s  and7liazai'Vi_i=' tliey ,: wonUi7be/.i'ea.lily;  foi giycn;fi).r';"sl!o wing ;viiptiXli}7^7:iuijcl.  tin illy7'-'stoppiiig; tliev!::pl''}777^l'^:  notony eveii'-'.'-ln ���'������'sppi'ts'-, lci',1 Is -al 1,'*,',-in-;  te res t;7;7l'|ib;'trouble [7vUh I toboggan  1 il lis';,; litis ' beion., th ti t'v 11-.3 V' ������' vvi'iiV'ii l.bo  stiaight''aiif! ;i!ick'ed ;;i!ie: possibilities  that- ��� the -daring .'.'.sloiidora'' 7 -;l.ave.  lcarncdi, to : seek.-;.since the. iiitrpdiie:-  tiiin'76f7tlie.'7.'lobp;. the. lopp'.'J-1 railroads.; ."'��� IJ--'-'-"111-    ..;���'*'':x-X ���-'���".:.;'���' **���' 7-  'I hbitoboggan'run; has undergone:.a  change.;'.-'.;,Tho';chief, ��� causei-'of.-". the;, rc-  viv il of the sport is said; to ho the  su lis1, iln I,ion V of. a- crooked ' rim , for . a  sti light run,-''nntl so the iiiiterjectioii  of tlilliculties���hiiznrds��� which will  test tho-'daring nnd',.skill lot the, riel-  cr. ..The chutes'-, so; familiar; to-the  ������pi cthtors"! nt 'v ii.'-.' Cniiii'dinii. tohi)i:giin  moot liavo: been (iis;-:iriletl .end the pilot : iii>vv7;Vvill7;Clieit>se:7liis7P!ttliwuy  tiating the turns and upon the bnnks  at a high' rate of speed.  One run in Switzerland that the  builders thought would solve the  trouble in tobogganing ��� the Duol  run���is but nn exaggeration of one  of the runs tit Montreal. It has  been abandoned since the Cresta run  tit St. Jloritz hns been ''accepted ns  the highest type of toboggan run in  the world. Prom a traveler was  gained a good idea of thoi famous  Cresta. The variety in this run but  three-quarters of a mile long���Ihe  fall i.s COO feet, however���is Inllnllt;  There nre no two corners alike, no  two consecutive .gradients that are  the sti me and no section of the run  which is what might be culled very  .straight  One corner is almost a prolonged  curve like a railroad bend, while several  ure almost right angles.      Of  courso  the moro abrupt the   cornel  tlie higher and steeper the bank.:; ;lf  at   the   same   plnc-o   the   course descends! with greater rapidity, then the  skill needed in making the tuin without     retaiding     speed )s of comse  Hindi greater      Of couise it     takes  about    six'   weeks   to ���:. rebuild     tlie  Ciesta run each fall or wintei   Soon  thoy     will he at work on it ,  The  run Is made of snow arid well trodden anil packed, and when the weather gets  cold  the suifuee  is     leet!  bj spunkling vvatei  on it      The veneer of ice is thickest vvhcfc the big  fiuxl  turns lequno it and    thinnest  ���in     the  stiaightest  portions    wheie  the     fnction  is least       lt maj- be  that the people at St.  Moi-itz mav  make permanent platforms   for then  tin ns so as to enable the   builtleis  to complete the com so much easici  eieh  wnitci       If they do not     the  stientilic nm will  detenornte      anil  the     followeis of the spoi t abiond  will it tin n to (lie simplt'i  Canadian  chute nm      lt is not onlv dangcious  but. almost suicidal for .more    thnn  one 'rider  to  descend  at- the     stune  tune on the Ctesta couise   and    of  couise  that  makes  it  necessaiy     to  dee ule    laces by time liguies    onlv  Ijleeti icitv  his  been  tailed  into    le-  kqiiisition   tlicio  to  make  the   timing  a niattci   of gi eat  .teem ney   ,  I^ach  contestant malvc*> and breaks a en-  cuit with his toboggan as he passes  the stniting and  finishing lines   Tlio  nveiage     time     used on the Ciesta  couise  is  about 7!> seconds       llovv-  evei    in the vnntei   of 18')d->)7    the  leeoiel iuii was made in 60 nnd 2-10  seconds Veiv  eaieful  tunc     tests  have been made ovei the list 210  jni'ls of tins comse���I hei o aie, two  coini'is to negotiate and it has In on  MACKENZIE'S STATUE  MEMORY OF FIRST LIBERAL PREMIER  PERPETUATED IN BRON2E.  The ���Jloittimi'iit vv m Kreotcil by the Government nt u Cott of gis.fluo���Joint  Work or l'vro cunutllnn ^culpturn, uml  . Ik tiiucliiniiH untl Artlatic iu  JDeufcn���  -Vlur He Uiivellcil  After Home   .Vlt-etn.  Ottuwn, Ont., "The Art Gallery of  tlio North," as Sir Wilfrid Laurier Is  desirous- of making the Cumidinii  capital, has hud another udditlon to  the iilieadj' iiolublo collection of  bronze statuar.v wlilch ornaments nnd  digiillles    the grounds In  the neigh  H shy?;.  cept'  nn  unit  it.  VI  House,  ,< nor  wo  (*.        1  (  volt  le v,  ;'(   j  >   I  (!  era Ik  .        "  1  (      t  iv  ttrapii  Su V s  J  1         S  ��� .'(���n-n  'iicitii;,  IIAW 01' IIOKIt'STOCKAnK.  Tluco r lands aio set aside for the  if e of these unwilling guests of the  colonial aiithiuitics One of the is-  11 ids is used as a hospital Tho  of In is nie in isons sunounded by  v'ue h> 11 iciitli s iiiiinv feet thick and  e alii feet lui.h Wniships patrol the  v i'i i fiont ^' )  \   III lilt,I, V\    V\,l      'Dllll ,l,A\Ll.'_  found  that  tobogqanisls  have  made  ovei   68 miles an noui  The "steel skeleton" is the type  of the most popular toboggan' lt  is used exclusivolj on the ice com ses,^  espetially at the Ciesta  It is lour feet one inch ovei all  m length The luimei is about 3 J  feet long nnd has a spimg of about  ten millinieteis The height is hvo  nn lies without the cushion that is  placed on the contio boaid, and the  width is twelve inches The toboggan with these piopoitions has been  found best feu pconlo up to five feet  eleven,inches lull The centieboarel  'give's the opciatoi gioatei loveuige  in steeling _Mai low ci sleds have  proved,failines, lowei ones aie moie  diflicult to ncle nntl longei iiinncis  ore harder to steer ��' The entire machine is mado of steel sliongly nv-  etcel togethct Oi'couise the opciatoi lies flat on the cushion placed ou  the centieboniil , id grasping tho  sides neai the iront end, uses his  body to guide the machine The  hand and eves must woik in unison  gient stiength not being needed The  weak, the joung ��� women nnd  clnldien may become expeit tobog-  goncis Tlie toes aie seldom used  in sti ciing, but to enable the to-  bogg.niei'i���how s tint for a woid'���  to use ihein a steel loe pioMiled  with simp teeth is seievvctl to the  toe otitheshoe. Going around the  sli.-np banks these notilied toes nie  of gieat  sei vice  VltlM Ml NT If) At ".WMII K MACK! \fit,  Premier  of. Conndn;  1871-78.   Erected  at  Ottmru, but not yet formally., unveiled,  boilitioel of the I'ailiiiiueiit buildings  This 'latest addition is a fine statue  of the Into Alexander Mackenzie, the  onlj liboinl pienuei m the Instoiy  of ihe nonunion nnoi to the ucces-  sion to powei of Kir Wilfnd Lnuiier  in 1S10  The statue was elected icccnlly on  Pailiiimont Mill and has attr.ietctl a  gieat deal of attention     It is located m a beautiful spot,  to the west  of the centi al gi oups of Pai liament  buildings  and not fat   fiom the sta  tue oi Sn  Geoigc 13   Oaitiei,     and  faces the House of Commons    wheie  the Canadian statesman won his clis  Unction     'Ihis work of nit    is    the  joint     production    of two Canadian  sculptois,     Jfessrs    jilncCnithy  untl  Hebeit, and as an ingenious ns well  ns ai fistic design     'llie statue     of  Mackenzie is eight feet high   and    it  rests     on a ginj- giamte    pedc-tal  nine feet in     height     The     aitists  have sucteodeel  in piod'iemg an    excellent likeness of the gieat "watchdog of     the tieasmv" and his attitude is said to be stiikingly n.iluial  lleiicuth tho statue is an allegorical  gioupi   Hold in the hand of a female  fnrurt- icpicsenting Conscience   .is   a  scroll     On the scroll aie giAvcn the  vvoias "Duly v-es Ins Xiavv'tuitl  fon-  seience lus^Jlulcr "    Opposite x tins  flguie is that of'a man cugagctl on a  geomotncal tiguic���emblemtitio of the  deceased's mentalClabois        The figure consists of a encle wtlnn which  is an equilateral tnnngle.    'ihe   encle signifies thiit laboi a, without beginning oi end i the ti tangle that all  men aie equal, all must laboi  The Mackenzie monument , wns  erected by the Government at a cost  of SI "5,000 It was'intendcd to have  the statue foiin.il'y unveiled picvious  to the unveiling of Queen \ietoiin's  statue by the l?uke of Yoik, but the  lntc'ition was not tinned out In  the meantime, the enveloping sheet  was lemo-ied aud stiaugeis do not  know that the lnciuoiial is not pio-  pcrly open to xicvv The probabintj'  is that ther6 will bo an appiopimlc  unveiling ceremony soon aftei the  Houso meets  A WONPER OFTHE V/ORLD.  Tho  I'aiue   Slacliliitt   for  .--ettlng;, >p:icln��  iLntl  Iit^ti-lliiiltns T> jie.  When it is elainied that tlio Paige"  machine'-, was setting, spacing , and  distributing .ordinary iniicliiiie-mado  type, one of which is;now in New  York, is the most wonderful in the  worltl, it will be necessary to explain the salient features on Wliich  Ibis seemingly extravagant claim is  iiintle. So-called Ij'Pe-selling machines are "cui.lmon, but there are  only two of tlio I'nige type in cxist-  'ence, and these set ami distribute  'typo,with a mathematical precision  impossible for a journeyman printer  to imitate  Tlio lending'.feature, though, which  .stumps this mac hi no ns the most  marvelous triumph, of modern. ��� mechanics lies in tilo fact thut there aro  no less than .18,000 different and  distinct : elements cmplovcd in its  construction, each piece being icquir-  ed .to render possible the train of mechanical ;. operation The second  point that tends towards placing it  at the head of the world's most in- '.  genious machines is that its inventor  .spent .seventeen years in so "assembling..the various parts that i their .  various, functions would act in absolute hni mony "  The chief fuctor, and the one winch  proves its light to the title of tho  greatest mechanical invention of tho  nineteenth centuiy is the patent office records Tho Taige patents consist of three separate ones, .containing a total of 275 sheets of diavv-  ings, 133 sheets of specifications and  G13 claims Together they make a  book of immense proportions.-: It is  stateil that tlie patent attorney's fee  was.510,000, and. that the draughtsman recQived S2.000 *  The woiking drawings contain,  about���'��� 10,000.' sheets 3 by 3 leet  square.'and are kept in a laige vault.  Mr. Paige donated one of Ins machines to Coi noil and the other to  Col umbiii 'University  An ancient .lienor litis.  The sei vice of motoi 'buses which  vvas organized recently between Putney and Piccadilly, London, is a step  in the light direction Perhaps in  nothing is London moie behind the  time thnn in the mattei of 'busses  But it will bo seen irom the lllustin-  tion that tho hoiseless 'bus is nothing new     It icpiesents a    motor  ^i.i.e-  lvithyi the bnrncades tho Boors hvc4 Just >' as   i n .. M,,.u, n,���i     hitvtl,s(  1 hev aie not now -forced  _lri;ts  D* V  Oik  I hi !,e eie not less" than 3,000 pris-  oniii I'Vtht cttniji< and picpai-alioAs  have lein nuu'e for thoiiceeption of  I 000 nt,>t> Among them aro^ahout  100 clulr'ieu some as young as'ton  f.uJ twelve jeais. <  pi vv    vv i   I I   V VI n>   I I     -il  / 1(l\       ItlltK.l, \x  down the inn of a vvit'ei toiiist-nt  one that gives hun some 'eltttiini in  selecting a i juto ' tit wil ilie>,tl  him the ni,'n si i ,te uf  .pied  To be less pmlix, the mv n n<  have banks .it lim- turn, ami citncis  much like the bunks built in the --au  coi bicvele "aek-, '' , s, l.nksnic  not hard to negotiate nlthoii/h a  novice   might stcei    oft' the   couise  Tito I'ittiiiirn Isliiiitlerii.  It was nearl.v three years since'  -anything definite bad been hoard of  the qi.eeit'st coiiimimilv in the woild  ���the inhabitants of the little tlot of  Innd-in-the-i'iiiitlieiti���Ptiufiti-known  to fame us rite.-iirn Islmitl, but" now  the oupttiin of the liritish warship.  Icnnus. litis pnid them a call, and he  savs th it ipp iientlv things aie going well with the (Icsceiitlinits of the  gtioel slilp Iloiintv's miitineeis  Thej live 1 -'00 miles fiom the  .nearest point of land and have intei-  nini'i'ietl nntl leiiitenniirrled in the  lust liunilietl ve.ns until eveiv tine Is  eveiy ono eKi '>* ctiusin, to siv tin-  least, nnd yet tliey object .slrciiuniis-  Iv to linvin^ anv new settleis in  their Island. They have no nirdii'in.'  nnd Jit Iinv nie henllliv���PossihK  been use tliey litivu no liquor of nny  sort untl no tobne't'n  The I'ili'iiirnilt'S nre iill .Seventh  Dny Advent Ists und nllbough thev  nie nut ns tleviiiit ns theli iiiitesiuis  bceanio limit r llu> iiillttenru of the  t dip ei led sailni Itilm Adams, time  i.s little or no immorality "uiiitni'r  them  It I* i.s to _!o X ulr.  An    lllustiation of wliat may     be  done in the betterment of the conditions foi  wage euineis thiough    the  hcai ty co-opetation of omplojci  and  employes nnd the cultivation    of    a  spint of amity lather than of hostility between them is furnished     in  the iccoid of a large shoe manufac-  toiy1 in Boston    vlhis establishment  has voluntaiily leduced the hours of  woik foi its 2,000 cmplojes to eight  'Ihe     emplovcs    nie so well pleased  with     the    new conditions that the  output is as great as it was     when  the concern was woiking ten    houis  eveiy dav     The pay loll is Si,000,-  000 annually,  and  the daily output  is S,000 finished pairs of shoes    The  change ficm ten to nine hours     nnd  fiom nine to eight hours    has been  effected  without ieducnig__the daily  wage ofthe "vv ����k hands, which com-  pnse one fifth of tho total woiking  force, while ..the. piece, hands .cum as  much iii'iiiey vveeklj' as under the ton  hour .schedule. .Another''evidence, of  .sanity is the ngi'coinciit between the  coiii|ian.y -nntl its emplojo.s thnt every gricvniico which cniuiot. Iio otbei-  vvisc adjusted shall bo submitted to  the statu hoard of arbitration.  WW m vtoion i>es  'bus seventy jeais ago All London-  ei s remember the antiquated wheezy  vehicle which1 under the na.ne of a^  steam 'bus used to nimble through  .Regent stieet, till a few months ago.  Happily the life of this eumbeisome  relic lias come to an end, and thero  is hope that at last wc are to have  a really up-to-date omnibus scivico.  So wntes a London coiiesponilent.  llulglit of tiii>  itmotiiliuir.  The    height   of    the   atmosphere  above    the     erith is not definitely  Known, but it niaj be  ippio\imatelv.  estin a led in seveial  vv ns       judged"  by barometiie   piessiuet it ouglit tV  oinl al the height ,n   idohl    S ,nili_=,  for  at  thnt  height   the  eolumi     of  mereuiy in the bnomctei would tend  to disappeai       Melcois   have    been  seen,  how evei, at a height of    100  mil,'*    nml   as   then   (��� >niiiii=u in   ier  suits fiom friction geneiated bj- their  passing thiough a icsistnig medium,  there must be an  at that elevation,  though veiy uue     . Observation   of  the     duiation of twilight, which is*  due to tho leflection  ol  the      sun's  ilight fiom paitieles of dust and air,  shows     that the limit is about 30  miles,     and    it    is fnir to assume,  therefore,   that the    atmosphere,  in  its   cohcicnt   form, as we hnow    it,  ends at that height  Dink VVIilttliiirtiiu a ml nil l-'amouH Cut.  Who has not hoard of Dick Whit'  tmgtoii and his cat, and of tho historic Bow Bells legend, "Tuin again,  WhittingtoiTj tinlcifXoTd H7Tjoi���ol!  London?"  'This represents a celebrated picture.*   The artist at first drew Whit-  might tiy to follow Jimmj Jliehnel  oi Ilauy J.ll,,s ,n ono of lllt��� 15  mile motor paced races would get  lost on one of the'high bnnks nnd  would get ground up beneath the  ���gcaiing of one of the motius But  the skilled toboggan' opeiutoi will  | descend theso scientific jri ades, nego-  K.^i'et nml Iti'innrne.  One.; of two lings nil men. must  wed One is lie_,ut slow mumbline*  ln hei toothless itws the crust of tle-  piivntion In hei dull eves mid sluggish Innhs I see tlio siens of evei  gnawing luingei   ai^el tli mav The  othei ling, l.cnun se even it her bit-  tc��-*woist still 'elici ishes vv um mci'n-  ones, and leei mg wide in spite of  oil the fui lows on hei cheek, hei eve  shovvs^ bright nt ment ion of bi.uc  deeds of conriiiest in lan lit Id oi lent  quest well pin sued liemoiso means  ,c.')umuo, to thko up li'e's gege Ue-  ^gret mny moan no nunc than.a bast)  slighting of the opiieutuiutics ���Mis  IClla \\ Peott'o in ''llnvv .Ircqi.cs  Cjiiio to the Forest of Aiden "  Tlm ninliiM "f Wiiti'rriilln  'Ihe highist wiilcifall in the vvtaltl,  ijCtigiaph} tells us, is the CtuiMila  tnst ule. in tlu Alps Imvmi; ,i fall cf  il. 100 feet, tint nf Aivv. w '.iinv  Is 1,100 feet, nnd the falls of Yicc-  inite valley rnngo from.700 to 1.0U0  feet Hut highoi vi t Is the wiilcifall in the San Ciiit.vntiiii canyon  In the state of lluiiingo. Mex It was  discoveied bj- some prospee t.i's, ten  veins ago in the gieat bun mi a district.'wliich i.s called the Tierrtis .Ous-  coiiDcidns. ���'. While searching for the  famtius lost mine, N'.nanja), a gieat  roat of wntei was Ii��iid With gicae  dif,-cultj the paity pushed on, ami  up nnd .down'the iiiightj- chasms u -  til thej' behclel the supcib fall thut  is at least 3,000 feet high  111-    VVlMll   "f.llOttll   " C-,  I Zangwill has written the following lcttei ns to the deination of tho  word ghetto " T don't think any  quite convincing etymology of 'ghetto' has been adduced, though the  most likelj- connection is with the  'ghetto,' or non foundty, in the  ipiaiter of Venice to which the Hebrews weie assigned in 1516 AS  this was the fiist compulsoiy He-  biovv quaitei in Italy the others  were called'by the same name."  Will 1 I I >i. ,tl v     ,     1   1    -  t... i  tington with ins I'tmil 11,1011 a s'.ull,  but the J_oiitloneis made such an out-  eiy on seeing ipoitiaitof their  Lord Jlajor without lus^at that in  was compelled to paint out the skull  and paint in the cuti ' * "*" v N "  In the outline ot pussy's back can  be distinctlj' been the back pai t ,of u  skull  ' Jlulilln niul lirlfa. t t 1  The population> of the municipal  area, of Dublin, including the ..independent townships, is returned as  847 104   and Belfust as 318 9G3    <  sms THE INDEPENDENT.  .SATURDAY FEBRUARY 22, 1302,  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY  IN THE" INTERESTS OK THE MASSES  THE INDHI'ENDHNT PRINTING COM-  I'A NY.  BASI'MKNT      OP     FliACIC     BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET. VAN-  o        COUVEH, 1). C.  SUIiSCItll'TIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, ii cents; nionth."lL*_ eents; three  months, .'lii cents; six inonlhs, 6o cuiiih;  one j-cnr, $l.!_i.  ENDORSED UY THIS TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL, THE VANCOUVER LuUIOIl TARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  SATURDAY FEBRUARY-22, 190!  ORIENTALS'(N CCNTEO!..  'Among the  live questions  that will  come uj) In the legislature Ls one concerning  the  tiinlber    industry.    Is  the  cruttiii'g jft shinsl'e..holts"in  British Columbia aiiy real benefit to white _a;bt>r?  "We. are.informed' that 95 per cent, oif  tha -work is done 'by Japanese and Chinese,  and  three-fourths of ' the.. work  ���done In the manufacture, off) shingles i-s  ithat of mongpls-.    The principal market foi-Eihlngks is in th'e United States,  -Which country charges $3 per thousand  feet'board measurement, or 30 cents.iper  thoUGaiid. Khing'les,   for '.'Midi-    atlmis-  ,<?ion,  because the shinglos are .manufactured  in Canada. . In, .the   .United  States'-white lalbor 'is used almost exclusively in the ^miTlSle'industry.     ''   .  ..The lc-s'S'ing- In'eliustry in itilvia province  is done almost.ontirely.'by..white labor,  there'being some 1,200 men .employed ai  (from $2.50 ito ?1 a. day.  At present there-  ore .'very;ifovv'.ifirst-class contractors lis--  caiuso   friey . are   haniMcappSu*    in the  Ibiistn-sss.'.  In  the    United   Strites  tho  Doyles sj-etem ol measurement: is used,  whereas.inMbMs ipravince.'tihe B. C. sys-  ; tern iprevails,  a 7 difference of."nibo'tit .13  ���per' ceiui. in 'favor*' of 'the ..former'rule.  Only tho clear'log can'-ibe soW .in Canada/the  lap Ibelns7left in .the woods  '. alt tbe stump.   This Is^a direat waste.  It costs large sums' to.malice lmprovr-*!-  rajents /to -get  the  loss out,  and were  logigers allowed to ship their 'timiber to  ���the.cither side ithey would' .find.sale, for  : t-his-timiber now being wasted.    Log-.  :gers .used to pay" a 'licartso of 530 per  ';���' 1,000 acres, taken up in ;small parcels.  Now they ipay $100.. for <M0 acres. whicJh  .must be taken up In squares of half by  two.ihiles or cnelby one mile. '��� Timber  ;.  lands eamnot be surveyed according to  y the cardinal points of the cohnpass, for  , they run in zig-zag 'shape:   Mill owners  ���or lea.se'lioldei-.s  are allowed  to locate  ithelr ; lands - iii  iiuaqrter-mlle  jogs,, or  ['��� zig-zag oJIong coast. .-'Saw mills,hero  employ��� :��� monsols 'extensively, while on  the: other 'Side of- the 'line white, labor  - in the mills is tlhe rule. ^..T.hefaeit:,of the1  ivvlhole matter Is'that there is loo iiiucn  ' class iegisl-atlon at Victor_3j in the tlm-  -1 her industry. In- favor: of employers of  7 Chiiiese and Japa.ncse.; .  ... We.are informed that Premier Duiis-  ��� wiulrahalds some a.,900,000 acres of land,  half ctf which is .fine 'tiin'ber.jan'il.. Coii-  i.'itraictors estimate ,.. that   the;   average  -. iclear/'tlmlber is albout; .30,000 ..feet'." per  .-acre. 'Say tlhacDunsmuiir's Hmlber lands  (twill  average 7aibout    10,000, feet.    By  :   onaintalrelng the present'regulations it  ,- iwlll .enihaince the vail ue of timber, lands  91'per thousand feat, or $10,O0O,<UX> for  'Dunsinuir.   Time for a change, y ,  sudl is the many hell-holes called barker shops .which noiv exist in nearly  overy city on this continent, and thus  you naive iil-.eap shops. There are- about  20'lKUlber schools in the United States.  Mr. A. 13. Moler, of ibarber school fame,  offers to teach the .barber tra'tle In eight  vveieQes lo any mun or woman for WO,  and nit the expiration of this time wiil  glvo them a diploma and secure for  them :i permanent situation at $G0 a  .month. While they are le-tirnlng they  can got work Sntiirdnys ami Sundays  at $10, so he says. The average vvng.w  fur "competent" 'barbers I.s a. little leys  than $9 a week. This nohool offers -.IU  to "Incompetents" at $10 for 1 1-:! days'  work. Workmen of the school class  Should not bo allowed! to practice the  trade untl: could not wore the lic-ense  liuvv in .force. It takes three or four  years'to beromo a skilled ib'.ii'her. At  oheup shops in New York, generally run  by Incimiipetc-nts, shaving is done sis  low as 1 cent, hair cutting 3, and cheap  shops arc always to 'b'e found In plenty  r.lt ssaiport  towns.    Forty per cent.'of  'v,  a'll   the shop.-:  are. iknown. as  "cheaip"  'Places.    At the'.prices  -charged!  it   Is  -Impossible', to give clean service for the  ���money paid.   The soap Is of the poorest  an tithe euip Is never washed out,  to  se.ve waste    In  every   possible    waj-r  Towels' are -used ..on each  successive  customer. until -thej* -become, so filthy  that tbe proverbial printers' drying rag  would Le preferable.   The hair oils and  so-called .perfumes are noti'nii.g'but t'he  cheapest fat obtnln'scble.   The floors a.ro  occasionally' swept; ��� the . chairs'   are  stitjky with grease, the barber has no  time to wash his hands after each customer,  t_T_e'n what wonder is it that a  'brj'ber shop, of this land    is  diseaao-  bioedingand disease-spreading?  These  cheap ahaps, however, are not the only  ones requiring attention.   Many..of the  so-called  "best shops" .. use  ; tlisease-  hi-ccdilng.sponges, cups and towels. The  'cheap shops draw a certain amount of  tihe' custom'from', those    just,   named,  causing ikeener    competition'   between  Miem year by year.   .'Consequently the  ���alleged ibest sho_)s are forced to retltice  expenses and.'economize iby using the  towels ovcr  and   ..over    again,    id-irty  ���brushes,'-etc.,'saving.'the disease .breed-  img germis.   A license lawand sanitary  inspection: of barber sho.ps  ������vve  hold,  ���therefore,  necessary,   to  presenve.' tlie  ���pulblic health.   Were the act "in, .question  passed  iby tae 'legislature,   competent  workmen: .would .be  required andi; ".he  ���spread of'disease in the barber, shops  vytjultl'be.guarded i>,ga':inst.:c.Skilled bar-'  ibers  should  hmye  a  thorough, knowledge on the,various microbes, found on  Ihe face.and head; and the ibacillus .of  'dandruff and -how    to   ciiie'it.    Thoy  -should ibe..required to -ikriovv-.-.hll about  the aise* of disinfectants,, electric hair  brushes  and   combs, L from   a sanitary  standpoint; and how ���Uhey.will stimulate  the hair and keep It from, falling, out  ���hUvv to oure ring' worm,  dandimff, so-  called bairlbers' itch, pimples, sore faces  iind sorj.scal.os of all kinds.   Sore faces  should 'be, a ..rarity,  and ,would ibe  if  barbers practised theirOalling. tus they  ought to.   If 'doctorsfailed to'pass their  exams, they would not .'be allowed to  prnctlcej Ibeeaiuse if they did they'would  be liable to Ml! more .patients than they  would! cure,  and Why"-should  not this  rule- apply to 'barbers?,   The  petition  now being circulated ; throughout,'the  ���province asking the ���legislature. to pass  an act regulating ba.i1l_eiiing..shops,;does  not a^k  that wages Ibe raised  or for  shorter houi-j, 'but "7 si imply    that 'the  vvork'tbe done by competent men unlder  s-ani tary. conditions.   'And we are glad  to.say that the only opposition to this  ipeti lion  comes from    iproprietbrs    of  cheaip shops.   The .people want this act.  passed and so do the barbers, and'why  not pass it? ,  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  Ls- Now Due.  The agricultural representative with  the mania tor changing mining laws ls  now elue to luiible down the pike once  more and plung himself onto tho legislative 'bone^ics at Victoria.���Sandon  I'liyslreak.  Different In British Columbia,  Idaho editors evidently have moro  money on thoin than Ctuuul'lan editors.  One wus hit on the head with a brlok  and robbed by ��� foot-pails the other  night. Novel- hear of such a thing  here.���New Denver l_edge.  Two I'or. Cent. Tax.  The most important matter coming  before the Assueliictcd Hoards Is tlio  two por cent, tax as It vitally affects  lihe Intl>re3t�� ot n greater number of  Kootenaians than any other general  question of the day.���Ilosslantl Woild.  For. Fair Play.  It is time enough to denounce n.nd  ridicule the, national peace committee  ���when the meiii'bers thereof sihow they  are tleseilviing it. Wait till they get a,  job on..their hands and see how t'hey  manipulate it.���Youngstovvn, O.  bonite.  La-  ���'���' The "Party System a Frauel.  The .party system is a fraud on the  people. A representative votes for-'6r  against a. mea_sui-e, good or b-ad, for  ���lihe sole reason that it was introduced  by a memiber of his own 'iparty.- Principle counts for nothing���party st-and3  for everything.���Citizen and Country.  .-'.-Senate'.'Reform." ��� ��� iv' _  The liberal party .has "reformed" the  senate by appointing'reformers to Jill  dead men's shoes ir. that chainber of  dry bonas, ibut otherwise that body re-  niailns the same .useless aggregation ot  .political back-numbers It.always has  beeii.-^Citizen and Country.  ^0i ��� QG ��� ' ������ ��� ' ��������* ������'��"99  9  ' The Store I  'with a Purpose t  Ltiokinf,'  biickw-nrtl,  tlio rcastuiA  of this sttim's existence (tlccitlctl ���  nine years n|fo) wns a Bontl one. *  Ho fell, and vve think vve   have  proven    tt>   senile   extent,    Unit  tliero i.s room in tliis oity for a  store that soils satisfiictory tiiinl-  ities on a sitiull iuiii't>in of profit.    I'Youi the very liojriniiini; vve  worketl (rfintl to -the bust of mir  nliility) on tlio prinviple tlint the  store that buys  largest can  sell?  7   the  ulieupesl,   the  store  that    isa  ^ moit fair with its ciistiimei's untl i  <p yives the lie.it values is '.\:>inz to |  i  set the gieatest amount of tratlo. ���  t   The same principle applies tti.lay.^  ��� Ili'Oiiusu this Store i.s tho largest t  Dry Gouils Store in  tho oily, tlo -  not overlook  tlio   fact    vve   tire  trying to  get your tratlo by  of-}  ies  that satisfy '  tit  prices you  will  certainly   be<  f  9 feriii); you  ipuilities  that satisfy  ���   nt  prices  you  will  certainly    lie  ?   sntislictl  with;  for  our ptiliuy  is ,  9 to satisfy our customers, a pul- |  I   icy   that  has  cmisetl   us  to    ex-i  lentl our store space to tluco  times tbe extent it vvas 2 years  ago.  CORIIECI1   DllKSS FOR  W0J1KN.  ] 70    Cordova  4��.o~��*4>$*>>'**->&>&''  St.  Vancouver.^  ���<fr��������4t+-���-^4Y-  Thi.Eagle Caokles. _i....-.'������������  XVilh tliis issue, the Eagle"��� enters upon the third year of its existence, "^'e  will letive tlie 'bouquet feature to the  other fellow-, if there's -any coming; if  ���not. we're mot asking for your" sympathy.���_j_irido&ii'<'E-iglo...  ox -..; ' Marten 'Sldns:��� .7  ; (Since the Arancouyer conivention Marten sk'ins are commanding a. good price  ���from fun-������' dealers. \Those in greatest  demamid aire,:what a.re called; "Joe Martin', iprime."���Koslo, Kootenaiaii. *..'..���  ed >he will ibe the only nominee, as ho  wits two years ago. .    ���''-.'.'-.-'  For first vice-pi'?sident there is. an  interesting contest on, the candidates  ibeing Jtuhn XV. Hay&s, of Alinneapo'lis,  and. Charles E..; Hfuvvlkes, of Chicago,  the incumbent. Mr. 1-Ia.wkes'Is'well  known on the coast, .liavln'fj.', resided  here in the tioom days. Mt. Hays is  very ipopular, and vvas chub-man' of tihe  laws! committee of tlhe i.^st convention.  : There" is also ililcely to Ibe a."livety  cp_n-test:'for", delegates to, the .American  Federation of Uabor, the .most;,.prominent canelid'ates Ibping Max S..Hayes,  of Cleveland,:'0.; a socialist.of natioinVi  reputatlori, arid St..'P..-Waisfh, -Of Jlil-  wauikoe,' one of the pa'triarohs of -the  unioin, Waving .carried; a. card for .over  fifty yeai'S. :    7.  - 7-'-7 ���-' ,-7:*''7  The '.officials electdtl.oJt the May: election : assume their duties. on Novei'niber  1st next, and .hold oflice for 'two years.  ..'A Lord on the .Tr.im.p...  Iioild Sholto   Douglas c; walked 'into  Bonriers' Ferry from Creston 'last weelc^  His-exiperleace :in this line: will Ibe  handy ���tliiing when he''leaves Spokane.-  KaslO' KootenaSan..... . IXl-y-i 'XIX  REGULATE BACKER SHOPS.  We publiidiid^aafvveek" the'preSpose'tl  tuct reguldatlrg tlhe occupation, of ba--  Iberirg. The Idea of .a license for ihar-  Ibers may seem lunltiue In iprovincial  legislation,'but, nevertheless, there are  tows slmiilar to the one here .mentioned  now In active operation In the States  of Washington, Nobra��ka, .Mirniesota,  iMichlgan and Missouri, and wetielleve-  .there Is also one in Quebec that partially protects the public untl tin: pro-  fcsrtlon. Mir. XV. E. ICIapetsiky, sxeii-  itary of the Interivnililonul Itarbers'  union, snys the lleennc law question  in not a >nevv one, for the ��� bitnlmfr craft  of England iprevlous to 1421 combined  Hhavlng with surgery, and thnt he was  Donown ae the Ibarlier mirgeon In iplace  of a simple barber, of to-duy. In that  year the phyolclans Joined with them  -mid they secured a-'license from the  I/mdon county council. In 1509 Henry  VIII. granted a charter to the Dftoyul  C'olleiie of Barlber Physrtclans and Sur-  igeons, and a .fine of ��25 was levied  against any person performing those  ojrta: -without a diploma arid remained  in force until 1797, when the professions  twer�� separated, and thus commenced  !flhe barber oif to-day. Now* the trade  ts over-crowded; the (baalber must out  prices In ejrtier to (briag trade to his  door. .His competitor 'htis :to. do-.llKe-  Tflse to kccip the tnide he has; the re-  ���"We-eonwrntillate-the-llon.- Sir. -McBrlde on becoming leader of the new  opiKisltioii parly. v  Vancouver Is getting to Hie quite a  oity for publications. The latest to appear is ithe .Mirror, whioh came out on  Thursday. It ils secular and anti-pro-  Hi'tbltlon In lone, nm] no doubt will Iill  a long felt whnt In this line. I_ue  Vernon, nt one time an tussocliite of  Urcui-'H IeonocliiHt, Is the editor. Wo  wish our new eontennpoiiiry suecesa,  .'��� Blood-bough t7-    ���������'.  . '.Ilecordei- "Weir; of 'Montreal; has  tie  elded thait it is-not an offence to:dls  tiuib    a political.: meeting.  .Becordj  Weir's head Js level.  The right to.raise  A..row at 'tlhe .enemy's meetings is,one  of, the few', blo'od-lboug'ht.iprilvileges w-  haye.'left.���Toronto Star.   ���;  Frank AVas Always Too.Sensitive.-  ... jnran'k James objects to;the;dramati  nation "in .'Missouri of ihis own anltl his  brother's  feats.���Ex. ' ....'        ;i.  ^mt  ^fa'rffl/fai��faW  <M<lA* *$��ue; ffcMtnv de^u:  �������'��>��������������������� ������������������������������������������������� ������������������  a <3��iy���a month, is the common exouse. It was what the captain  of a vessel said���on returning: from tlhe voyage he ;would Insure.: But  he never came back. ��� The vessel waa wrecked; he was lost; his family  was stramded,  too, financially,  by his procrastination.  No other time Is eojtiaJl to the pwnscnt moment for Life Insurance In  cost and opportunity, and no policies sutipass those of the Union  : Mutual'in privileges and values.  Details sent free. '  PORTLAND, MAINE.      ' Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Hkad Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver," B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.      '  9 <>*>*>*>9^*> �������>�������<)>��������>��� ��������>>���>��>�� ^�������,>��>��>>>�����>>>/  Dunmnulr still liolds 'the roo.-it.  .Money tiillos a deal 'lx>lter thnn our  "Dick." When 'the hitter thtttighit he'd  eornlled Junt one more than half the  members of ithe 'house able to attend  Wie session, two fossils front the Interior left his caucus. On the division  that took iplace the next day "Dldkle"  got left. 'No idoubt 'the promise of a  now road or two for Cariboo and Oas-  slar did the trick. "What fools vve  'mortals''be." Bought with our own  money every time.  Tlhe (Brotherhood of Locomotive  Trainmen on-the, Big Four as-k for a  full restoration of the 10 .per cent, cut  several yearns ago. Tlhey ihave already  t'eoelved 5 per; cerrt., ibut thirik traffic will now justify a Hull return.    -  1*1 IE PRINTERS.  On the third AVe*lneselay of May ne:;t  will 'be heldi the Lbiennlal election of the  International Typogiupliical Union of  North America. ; Tlie 'ofllcers to-be  elected are: President, vice'presidents,  secretary-treasurer, delegates to the  A niericacn Federation of Labor, members'of tlhe Union 'Printers'. Home Cor-  lioratlon, and an agent of the home,  which  is loeatc-d  at Colorado Springs,  Co! The-elee-tion--vvlll_be_by_i-eferen  dum vote. At the Pobruary meeting of  each subordinate union nomination  will ibe malele^ for each of the above  named ofllces. To secure a plnce on  the ofllclal ballot candidates for president and Hecietary-treaaurei- must re  e'eive 'the Indorsement of ten unlo',13,  and for other ofllces live. Nominations  are made to liendtiuiirteps at Indianapolis, where the otllclnl ballot I. made  u|i fiom inoinlnationH receive!, and distributed to tihe ���subordinate unions. The  election lit'held on the sarnie day  throughout the Jiii-lsdlction of the international union, and each of Ils 10.-  000 inen.lierH.lH entitled to a vot��,  whether located In lee-bound Dawson  or HUnny Florida, In far-away Honolulu or bleak NoJva ScoWa. The vote ot  each union Is .forwanded to Indianapolis union, No. 1, a;nd tlhe result announced to the memlbershlp through  tlhe Typographical Journal, the otticlal  ipaper ot- tho organization.  Seattle Typograiphlcal "Union, No. 202,  has put ifomvard the name of Charles  A. Derry for the presidency, while  President I/yncih 'Is Ithe,only other candidate : announced for Hhe office of president so far.  ISo far no candidate has been an-  nounced to opposition to Secretary-  Treasinrer''Bran)lwopd, and it is bellgv-  ./  1TBJ1S OF INTEREST.  H. Williamson, of the Aranc-ouver In���  depen'dent, c-anvassed the cnimp this  week and added considerable lo t!.o  clrculaitlon of that journal.���Station  Paystrea'k.  There was a lot of unnecessary talk  at last i Monday 'night's mealing of the  city council.   TOte .'Uderme-n,should not  do their committee work in open session.   It malices people iverytireil.  -Editor !C."H.:Lmgi-in ilias resigned hi  position; on the Colonist.   Ills reslgnn  ���tltion , vvas;ibrou'ght albout iby reason of  his inaibility to accord Ithe present .pro-  vincial  government   the support   that  was to "be espeoted from the nevvspai'ier  in vv'hichlthe 'premier lists a controlling  interest.   Mr. F_iignin is one of the inost  iversatile:an'd able .writers' in this province, and is not,"dead" iby amy means  Xiord Strathcona said at a meeting of  the Colonial Institute the other day  that- not a ^single 'individual.' in the  'whole-Dominion of Canada could be got  to iprofess himself a pro-Boer. I.s it  possible thait ia leading conservative  can say 'that _'", We, rememiber when the  hue audi cry used to ibe "disloyalty anU  annexation," whenever anyone dared to  critlulze the actions .of the :old toiv  governinent. The monopoly on "loyalty" has been busted, as It were.  Referring to the address at Kanv-  loops of President Wilson of the B. of  It. TTTofTA^T^lSelWindfl^ysTi^  a great liieasLre of praise to tha Van-  couliior "Tnder.entlcnt, the Winnipeg  Voice and the Revelstoke 'Mall. He,  soilil ihe hoped that.all union men, or  nt any irate till itrntikmcn, would sup-  ���I>ort these papers by digging down In  their jiodkclLs."  If tills mild weather makes you feel liko putting aside'.your heavy Winter Suit  for a light..bright, stylishly made Spring Suit.' give us tlio pleasure of stmwlng  you the handsomest range,vvo have just received from ono- of. tho.'ibest tailoring  establishments in..America. If they aroLnot tho (best 'made, best fitting and:best  material for the'.money you have soon this season,  you  need. not purchase.  They como In Blue, Black and Fancy Worsteds; Serges anil Twcods.L Prices;  J10.00.  ?12.00,  $14.00 to $1S.OO.  .Satisfaction guarantood:or money refunded.  Telephone 702.  -160 Cordova Street.--  BATR0NIZE UNION CLERKS.  All members ol tbe R. C. I. P. A. can show tills card.  >Aik for It when, making your purchases.  CNOOHSCD DV THC A. T. Or U  ONE-THIRD ACTUAL SIZE  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only during months named on richt  bnnd cornor nnd whon proporly BiRncd and  staui'ED with the uutubor of tho Local. *���   >  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  CONGllBGX'riO.NAl.i CHURCH.  ,-'Phe Centnal CoiDrrognLtlomtl tihuri_h  will iholtl a sirles of mvotinRn on Prl-  tlay nltfhUt. 1'lie objeets are those nf  n m-ulnr ile'liatliiff Kot'lety. Direct  Legislation was the suibjcut tllscussctl  luflt evi'ivlns1. nntl there was a good attendance. Every one l�� welcome, anil  It >Ih ito ibe'ho|ii>tl that there will Ibe a  good turn out next Friday night.  CONSERVATIVES ELECT OFFICERS.  At the annual .mealing of the Vancouver Conservative Ftsnocitution .lieM  Tuesday evening the following officers  were elected for tho ensuing year:  Honorary president, Chms. Wilson, K.  C; .president, W. J. jBowiser, K. Ci  vioe-ipiresident, H.'F.'.Roes; ���wlce-presl-  deritfliIn various wairds: Ward I���  Stewart Iiivingaton; -ward II-^T. W:  Hiackertt; -ward' HI���T. ��. Boydi ward.  IV���F. Dulke; wara .V���Dr.���;���'.Lawrence.  UNION CIGAR FACTORIES.  ,  Pomowang is o. list of the Union oi-  ^ar factories In BillttlBU Oolumlblla wdo  use .the 'blue laibel:  W, TIetJen, Nto. 1���Dlvislbn No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kuntz & Co. Nt). 2���Divialon No. .JB8.  Vancouver.  Inlanti dgar Manufaottirlng Company, No. 3���Dil-vilsioh No.:S8, Kamlooips.  B. WWberg & Co., No. 4���Division No.  38, New Weetmlnster.  T. ���Wloxatloak, No. 6���Division No. 38,  Vancouver. ,  Kelowna Shlppere" Union Company,  No. 8���Division No. 38, Ketowna.  Wo-lfllvt Bros, NV>. J���Division No. 38,  Koasland.  Kootenay dlgar Manufaoturing Ctom.  The price is how  such that almost ev-'  ">* i . -f  erybody can afford it.  Once used,. always  used. Apply at Office of  Kit M.  LTD.  Cor! Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  pa.ny, No. 10���Division No. 38, Ne'ieon.  Meim & Johnson, No. 2-i-Diivielon No.  37, VHctoriai  M. BanUey, No. E���IWvWon No. 37,  Victoria.-  'bland Oigar FabWry, S: Norman, No.  6-!Divl8lon No. 87, Vwtorta.  Provifnos Cigar Oo., No. 7���Dlvgdon  No. 37, Vlototla.  A. Sohnoter ft Sons, No. R���Division  No. 37, Victoila.  P. Gable, No. ^-Division No. 37, Nanalmo.  J. Lco-y, No. U���Division No. 37, Vic.  torla. '    a  M. 3. Booth, No. M-iDlvttion No. 87,  Nanalmo.  C. Q. Bdhntien���Dtv4*on No. 37, Victoria.  T. .P..' Gold, Capitol Cigar Factory,  No. 12, Victoria, B. C. ,  Harris & Stuart, No.' 6���Division No.  38, Revelstoke.  J. Martin, No. 7���Dtvlalon No. ' 38,  Sandon.  Fhelln & MoDonough, No. 12���Division 38, Neteon.  - PARIS GRSJEN. HELLEBORE  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for tbe^:  termlnatton. of tho CUT WORM and  o��h��r Snseeto���<or sale thy the HcDow-  tkX- AtktaB, Wateoo Voxspany, Thj*  DmsoMit, "Vancouw.  1C  Work*  lmt>orter�� and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  -'For stomach trouble of any.kind take  mint's Dyspftpsia. Tablets. They cure  or yon get your money beak. ,E0c box.  McDowell, XtMoa, Wmtaoa Co. SATURDAY... .. I'EBE.UA'RY 22, 1902'  THE INDEPENDENT.  ���not going to move or dissolve partnership or   tell   any   otlier "ghost  story," but If you want right prices, with facts attached, visit the  THE GOLDEN  BOOT STORE, 13 Hastings St. E.  "He who fools his customer only fools himself" Is our rnotto,  *3?" A union clerk will wait on you. ��� i  Hardware,  Stbves,   Ranges,   Etc.  35  Hasting*  Street East.  By Smoking ���" |J  "Kurtz's Own/' "Kurtz's Pioneers," "Spanish Blossom" I  Tiiey are the best in tlie luntl and made by  Union Labor in  ��  ��  &  KURTZ & CO.'S PIONEER CIGAR FACTORY ��  VANCOUVER, B. C 1  flSrCall lor tliem and seo that you get them. g  HEWS OF THE 1160ft WORLD  CANADA.  Tho stenogi uglier., ankl 'book-keepers  a.t Toronto have formed unions.  The mastpripaintars at Victoria have  been notilietl by the Painters' union  fhore that an increase In wages is ex  IK>ctetl of them by March 10th.  <i The by-election for the Llsgar vacancy in 't'he Dominion 'house was heid  - on Tuesday. D. A. Stewart (Liberal)  polled .I.OliS; 'S. 11. Richcardson (Inelo-  jpandeiit) 2.LI17; and Toombs (Conyerva  tlme)'il���".S3.  At Shenbrodke on Monday 2- wMiVCs  ���employed in the Patem woollen mill  went on strike. They ihuti a. dilTeraici  with t'he foreman of om department  and deiimiKl Ills dismissal T>ofore they  will treturn.  The Bai'bo.-s' union of Victoila tie-  ���cllned to c-ndoise the act proposed by  tlie Vancouver union piovlding- for'tlia  examilnatlon and registration of .harbors coming- Into this province. If cer-  - -tain amendments are adopted, liowtsver  ,^,-,the .Victoria barbers would favor 'the  aot. >Th<se -ivill be laid tieEore the  Vancouver union.  F. 3. .Deane, secretary of. the commission appointed to report on the Japanese and Chinese la'bor question in  the west, ihas presented the huge report to 'the Ottawa government. It Is  the largest of its kind ever madc.con-  sflstlng of over CttOO type-written page.-!,  containing nearly 2,000,000 .words, and  ���containing- evidence and statistics gatili-  ereid from each oity along the Pacllo  eioast. The commission has divided  ttho roport into two parts, one dealing  ���with Japanese, and the other with Chinese, so 'that the government ctin take  up the parts separately.  W. Nealve and Goo. Johnston have  ibeen elected toy the miners of Nanalmo  to the board of mining examiners.  The  Victoria  Colonist says  that   a  .Japanese .barber has thrown his banner to the breeze and solicits custom,  Tiear the corner of Flsguard and Gov-  1 eminent streets, .so that now the nl-  morid-eyed sons of the Flowery Klng-^  dom may -indulge in 'the luxury of a  sfhaved poll,. while reclining en  regie  in a strictly up-to-date barber's chair,  .The growth of 'the Japanese population  , of Victoria has made suoh a shop a  v necessity, and  to judge Iby tho han.l-  some fittings  the Jap must  enjoy a  ijood inn of custom.  AiMHIUOAN. ,  Printing .pressmen and press feeilerj  "halve a strike on in SpringifleM1, Ohio.  The retail clonks of St. Joseph, Mo.,  have Just scoured a general early closing in that elty.  Tlho Atlantic Coast Seamen's union  Jn irep&rted tov be srowlne and prosperous,  Tho Portland' Lmlbor Prens is now  ���discussing the necessity for a. luibcl  league ln that olti*. . ��>.  The Central Labor Union of'Wllkes-  buirre, Pn��� .haB opened a ihomc-Shoelng  ajhap .for the benefit of strikers of that  ' ������trade. "        ~-  The United .Gnnment "Workers of  America Ihave 'dealded to ttpend $7,000  during the comln* year advertising  their label.  ' Leadville, Col., Is Just recovering  (from the hardships of ithe past. There  are now 22 unions ln good 'condition in  that elevaited city. |. ��� '  Alt Butte last wc.eTc In a oaive-ini at  ���the Diamond inlne, one of the amalgamated properties, Jerry ��� Conroy and  Hidhaird "Williams were crushed.--'An  Immense''mass  of  rock iburted  them  completely. When recovered the bodies  ���were Ibadly mangled.        1  Tho St. Louis Labor Compendium/is  advocating a labor clay for the fair to  be hole! in that city in 1303.  At a, recent meeting of the Detroit  Trades and 'L'tibor council a resolution  Was adopted to organize a straight-  out-and-out labor party.  Seattle has a waitress' union of  a'bout 200 members, and the organisation is In a. prosperous condition 'an.l  growing with each meeting.  Tlie Union Pncllk railway company  'has signed a' two-years' agreement  wiffh its men. The men set a substantial  increase in  some iva.-ieots.  The SOO morocco workers wlio have  been out. on str.'ke tor over twelve  WK'Its a Lynn, Mass., have returned  to woulc at an Inurea&ed wage. -  iIUiv. Dnvi'tl -Morgan .is uiging niu-  nielpal ownership in the labor circle  of St. Paul, Minn., with a view of forcing Uhe issue In the spring elections.  The women of the labor leagues  should note that the wiidely advertised  Sorosis shoe is non-unian, as are all  shoes mn'de by Keith, of Broukton,  Mass.'  BOUt_T A BOLTER -  The Independent 'has received the following very curious letter: ,  "For Publication  "Vancouver, B; C, 20J2|1303 ,  "Messrs. Geo. Baritley & Co.,  City:  "Gemtlemen,���On Tuesday even Ins  last there was a public meeting- as  you tn your valuable periodical had  previously announced there would be,  In the Labor-hall. So far so good! But  suid this Is where the trouble comes  In, the daily rags which 'by courtesy  mc called newspapers, reponted that  an aii.nlgniinatlon of tho socialists and  that will-o'-the-wisp, 't'he Independent  Laibor party, wns tho satisfactory result. Now geiiitlemsn this is contrary  to the faus, whether ithe dally papeis  know it Is or not. I believe your company is interested ln the amalgamation  deal referred to, and if so I wish to  inform you-that you 'have captuied lh.  wrong bunoh of suekeis this tiire, so  you had better tiy soine" other kind  of bait, you have caught a handful of  chaff, but the grailn ls not within your  ieach. Socialists can net fuse with  other parties, neither can they marry it  w-IH-o'-the-wlsp." ,  "I remain ^  "yours for socialism.  "JAS. N. BOULT."  KAMLOOPS  TRADES AND  COUNCIL.  LABOR  The meeting held In the Orange hall  last Friday night for the purpose ol  discussing the question of forming a  Trades and Labor council was well attended by delegates from all the labor  organizations in Ivamloops. Representatives from the Miners' union, Broth-  ei'huo'cls of Engineers, Firemen, Trtin-  n-en antt Conductors, Typographical  union and Cigar 'Makers' .union were In  attendance. The meeting was presided  over iby iK. Morris, who gave an admirable aclcliess explanatory of the object.?  of the meeting. Several delegates took  pnrL iu 'the Interesting discussion that  followed and a considerable amount of  ont'hui'lasiii was manifested. It was  illnnlly decided 'to fonm a council and  the woi'k of organization was at once  talken In hand and 'the election of of-,  (lceng proceeded iwith. The following  ofllcers iwere chosen: President, J. A.  Jadkson; vice-president, C. J. Bunbury:  sec-ielary-treasurer, K. Morris; sergeant-at-arms, XV. "Weller; trustees, A.  XV. Richardson, F. W. Crick and J. H.  Vnntln.  The secretnry was Instructed to apply" rorilTchnrteK Owing to tlie-late  ihour further .business was postponed  until t'he next meeting, and after giving a round of liearty olicei-s the meeting adjourned.  With the organization of the loctl  council Kamloops wage-earners have  taken a .decided step towards the 'betterment of their condition. 'Much good  should result from tho consolidation of  their interest. In this manner.���Inland  .Sentinel.  CONDWMN THE PEACE CONFERENCE.  The cnrpcntcrH ynnd decorators of  Now York have endorsed the following:  "Be It resolved, That wc condemn suoh  proceedings ns the' civic federation  pence conference 'held by Hnnnn,  Schwab, and others; and. Instead, appeal to all workers to use all efforts  economically and politically to secure  a state of society where exploitation  will cease and lnbor will get the full  value of the product." It was further  resolved that: "It Is the sense of this  body that we not only endorse these  resolutions at the present time, t>ut  that we also remember *he proceeding's on election day, and that there  Is the proper time and opportunity to  protest against the capitalist exploiters, -their tools and political heelers.  A. F. OF L. VS. XV. C. L. U.  Tho State Federation of La.bor ol  Washington, recently oiganizetl at T.i-  com."., is receiving a great deal of attention from the unions of that state  It was decided at Tacoma that the  state federation should be chartered by  the American'Federation of Labor, but  In older'to get the sentiment of memlbers throughout the'Slate generally it  was made a referendum proposition.  The vote of the unions of the state will  b'i recorded April 1st.  The- IVe-tern Central Labor Unio.i  of Seattle, .which had delegates to tho  state federation, has itself applied for  a charter to the A. F. of L.. ar,d will  take an active part Jn endeavoring tn  ihave the Ftite .body chartered by the  same industrial organization.  Tlhe Western Laibor Union, w.th  headquarters at Butte, Mont., Is sending representatives Ui rough out the  slate of "Washington to organize loggers, miners and- unskilled labor generally.   President Daniel McDonald, of  the "Western La'bor Union,   is  now at  i  Seattle isn the interests of that organisation.  The Western Laibor Union !s a distinctive ihody and is striving lo haive  a separate governing Institution in the  west, without regaid to the plans and  purposes cf the American Fedeiation  of .Labor. Clashes have aheady occurred in Montana and Colorado between 'the Lwo organizations. The principal strength of the western ibody lies  in Che .states of Montana, Utah, Colorado an'd Idaho. It also afliliaUs with  a number of unions in .Washington.  The sen'timent of the unions represented at the Tacoma convention at  present seems to be in favor of aflllia-  tion with the 'A. F. of L.. which  stands for a national laibor movement  as against a purely western movement.  The formers organization dnteres.s itself In politics a.s a 'body merely to secure 'the enactment of laws favo"aibl2  to the lnlboring classes, while the latter, it is said, believes In partisan polities.  "PAYSTREAK"- PARS.  Nelson made U0.00CI out of Its water  and light plants last year. Sandon is  tihe only town Jn the Kootenay which  permits a private corporation to own  its water and light plants.  The eli.-.iinond And ln the bad lands  has turned out 'to be a sapphire discovery. Call It anything you like, gentlemen, the snow will not be off for three  months yet.  Tlie Horsefly boomers expect 10,000  lirospeetois in 'that region this year  looking for pay gravel. The glamor of  the gold rush never fades.  Party lines are coming In British  Columbia, lt Is time for the Independent labor party of the liootenay to  repair its fences.  Wheu the" Dominion government  starts appointing; cabinet ministers out  of the serate it is time to ask, where  are we at?  Templeman is turned down by tlie  British Columbia Liberals and Laurier  immediately inalkes him a calblnet minister. Winch .proves once more that  the Ottawa, government is' in touch  with the people���nit.  Smith Curtis, M. P. P. In British Columbia, who was in Toi onto a few days  ago, said: "I favor government ownership of the Canadian Fa-oiific Railway  and all other railways running Jo the  coast. Failing that I am for a competitive line. Our province Is peculiarly  well_situated_to build its own-railways,  for we can run them to the sea, and  when we get them there we hnve the  best competition In the world. The  rate from Europe on most goods Is  cheaper via the Canndlnn Pacific Railway to Victoria than to Inland points in  Ontario, because they can be taken by  the nil-water route to Victoria, and the  Canndlnn PnoHIc Rtillway has to meet  this wutcr rate, nnd does it. It is uncertain whether the innjorlty of our  people uri> In favor of government  tiuiieMHlilp or not. 1 'believe the majority favor lt. If It Is to be Inaugurated  It enn ibe hest done now on the two  pmpohctl roads from the const inland.  1 lmve publicly suggested that a referendum should be talken mml .the will  of ulic innjorlty carried out."  If the people owned the water power  at 'Niagara which the legislature of  Ontario has given to a'corporation, we  would not now hear albout the proposal  to amalgamate with a corporation with  similar .powers on the other side of the  river. The object of the consolidation  Is announced at Buffalo -to toe "to "utilize the 'Canadian power for propellimj  purposes on ithe American side." When  corporations own Canadian franchises  Canadians do not own) Canada.���Citizen  and Country. * r'  TIIE JOYS OF ONTA"RIO.  Those Heartless Doctors.  The-'doctors around 'here are Jubilant;  good times for them, many sick to attend to, good roads, and favoralbie  weather. If this ikeeps on they will be  in good condition by spring.���St. Joachim, Cor. Comber Herald.  ���Made the Insect Work.  Mv McCrlmmon had a "bee" cutting  wood Saturday.���Beaver Cor. the Glen-  garrian.  Herbert's 'Name Is Dennis.  ���A suiprise party was .held at the  home of Herbert Dennis on Fiidav  evening. Herbert is still keeping batch,  but thinks it isn't very pleasant this  very cold weather.���Campbellton Cor.  L'lgin Sun.  Said Nothing, Sawed Wood.  Chris. Corbett, of Belgrave, was employed cutting.wood with James Van  Camp last week.���Gorrle Cor. WIngham  Advance. t  Their Unfamiliar Beverage.  Owing to the lack of rain last fall  some of our townsmen are still obliged  to draw water, a fact which seldom  occurred for many years 'back.���Staples  Cor. Comber Herald.  An Out-of-Slght Site.  George Weckes is looking for a site  for a Iblnctksmith shop at Tait's  Corners.    Good  luck George.���Woodgreen  Cor. Elgin Sun.     ���  Why is This, Angus?  Angus    Waterwort'h    spent   Sunday  near Rodney.���Woodgreen   Cor. Elgin  Sun.  Blowing Themselves.  Pai ties are In full blast in this vlcin  Hy.���Thames Valley Cor. Elgin Sun.  P. O. BOX 29i. 'PHONE 1JJ.  W. J. MeMSLLAN & Co.,  Wholesale Agenth fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brand*!  MONOGRAM, MARGUKRITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Aloxandcr Street and Columbl* Avenue, Vancouver, R. C.  >��5____im_WB_B_^_i__l___^  while the application of the plasterer.,  ���has been disapproved.  .The Winnipeg city council has decided 'by a majority of one to accept  Mr. Carnegie's $73,000 library offer. A  motion In favor of Sunday street c.v-s  was defeated by a similar majority.  Aid. Bethune seemed somewhat relieved of ihis pent-up agony when the  vote on the salary rei>eal motion was  taken, amd It was hopelessly lost. Ffe  only fulfilled .his ante-eleatlom pledge,  being now alderman of the aristocratic  w.ud .where they do everything for the  sake of philanthrophy���we don'.t think.  One' good-point the worthy alderman  mado was that woiltingmen never  elected any of their number to the  council, consequently ithev salai-y was  ���no use to 'them. This is a fact lhat  cannot be disputed.  SEATTLE'S DA03OR TEMPLE.  Although wonk is temporary suspended great intei-est is rfhown In lalbor circles In the construction of the temple  on P^ke street, between Sixth and  Seventh avenres. For years the .building of a home for organized lalbor In  Seattle had been in contemplation, but  nothing definite was accomplished un  til the letall clerks toolt the matter in  hand In March, 1800. Shortly after the  inception of the project 'the Western  Central 'Labor union placed the matt'  In the bands of a committee, which has  prosecuted the worlc "With vigor from  thait time until the present. Up to date  subscriptions Wave ibeen received from  the .public amounting to $7,SG(i, w.Iulo  the various unions haive helped swell  the building fund in the amount of  albout-W.OOO.���Tlie ���bi*Icklayersr stone  cutters and buildlnc. laborers halve done  woric on the basement of the stiucture  amounting to about Jl.Gtii).' Woik hns  now Ibeen suspended on the temple until the Indebtedness contracted .luring  the 'Pei'iod since tihe movement was  started has been paid off, ran dot>s the  Seattle Lnlbo;- Temple AB30olntion intend tihat any further steps shall be  taiken in the matter until at least ?."i,0O0  shall be in 'thetalk as n working fund.  When this structure Is finished It will  tie one of tho ihext hubor temples !:: the  wtst.  The stiiltt>ni<>nl.H published for some  time to the effect tlnul there will probably 'be a geronil "tie-up" In building  oporiutioiiH at Seattle on March 1st have  received a l.tigc amount of atlontlnn  in 'building nnd Investment circles  there, and among the labor unions  themselves. Alt t'hls time tt Is regarded as iprdbufble that not more than five  unions will .oak for an Increase In  wages; namely, the plasterers, hod curlers, tHe setters, plurribers and sheet  meltal twoitkens. As concerns the proposed' rise In -wages of the other unions  one or two have 'been sanctlone'd by  the building 'trades council, obhers are  ntow (before ihe .various unions eom-  .poatng the council for   consideration,  AXOTJ-IER PUBLIC BLUXDER.  If elver there was a case for the gov-  eminent ownership of a franchise, u  ���Is surely that missed in the Yu'koa  by the giant of 'big and practically monopoly water rights to the Tanorer--  Treatlgold syndicate in the neighborhood of Da-w-Fon. The Yukon affoids  the Dominion a profit revenue of o^OI  $700,0.0 a year, and if it will pay tt  company well to spend S.'iOO.OOO, on developing hydraulic power lights .niel  acquire In all'probability several hundred gold claims also, which must havc-  Uiat Water, dt would suroly-ihavc pile!  the government at any rate to havo  acquired and worked tho wvrter power.  As the Yukon provides sufficient caipittl  out of its surplus ravonue the risk, not  probably large, would have been all un  the district and not on Can^rda generally. And a government might have  ibeen content to sell the water power  on -easy terms���far easier than a company���as if it got a return of 3 per  cent, .plus about 2 per cent, for sinking-  fund on capital���say 5 per cent, in all���  sulliolen't 'would be recouped. AncthPi*  splendid opportunity for a seemingly  safe trial of government ownership has  ibeen Jost. But Sir Thomas Taut-red  and Mr. Treadgold and their jsooetates.  may easily maJce at least ?200,000 or  ?;.00,OCQ on thi concession, so tlie public  loss is .their gain. "When will Cauia-  dians^walken up?  Union Directory.  THE      VANCOUVER    TRADES    AIND  Labor  Council   meets    first and   third  Thursday ln each   month, at 7:30 p. xa.  President, W. J. IxtmrleK: vice-president,  F. J. Russell; secretary, T. H. Cross; financial secretary, J. T. Lllle-y; treasurer,  C. Crowder; scrgeant-ut-arms, C J��  Palter; statistician, J. II. Browne.  JOURKEYiMiI-nf BARBERS'  INTERiNA-  TION'AL   UNION,   No.   lid���President.  G. W. Isaacs; vice-president, Fred How;  corresponding - financial secretary, J. A-  Stew-art, 51 Cordova St; recorder, C I>.  Morgan; treasurer, E. Morgan; guide, in.  A. Bradley; guardian, P. J. Bennett;  delegates td T. & L. Council: G. XV.  Isaacs and Fred. Haw. _il<?ets first unit -'  third Wednesdays of each month In  Union Hall.  ccu-ivo. VWUTURSAND WAITRESSES"  Union, Local No. 28. President, Chas.  Over; vice-prijsielent, W. W. Nelson; recording secretary, Jns. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at 8.30 p. m. In Union Hall, corner Homes  and Dunsmulr streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOGr.APHICAL UNION-.  No. 220 meets the labt Sunday In eaoh  month at Union Hall. Piesitlent. C. S.  Campbell; vice-president, W. J. McKay;  sectotary, S. J. Gothard, P. O. Box 6$;  treasurer, XV. Bland; sergeant-at-arms.  It. A. Sloney; executive committee, F_  XV Fowler. J. H. Browne, XV. Brand.  Robt Todd; delegates to Trades awl'  Labor Council, W. Biand, Robb. Todtl,.  J. H. Browne; delegate* to Allied Trades  Council. F. A. Fowler, XV. 3. McKay ami  C. J. Marshall.    .  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday ot  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue anil Hastlncs Street  at S'p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, John Fiiz/ell; ^ocivfary, A. G.  Porry; treasurer, II. Vandorwnlkcr: conductor. Ed. -I'annlng; warden. D. Smith;  sentinel, T. Diibbeiley; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton. Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie  and H. A.  McDonald.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Thursday ln Union  Hall, room No. 3. Presldfnt. G. Dobbin;  vice-president, J. M. Sinclair: recording:  secretary. XV. T. MacMuilen; financial  secretary. H. S. Falconer; tieasurer, J.  Ferguson: conductor. R. MacKonzle; warden, J. McLood: delegates to T. and L.  council, Robt. Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M.  Sinclair.  The Independent wants a report of  each union meeltlng a"hd pewss concerning ithe momibers of every organization.  Such reports and news will do much to  sustain, a��kl create interest In the organizations. Secretaries are especially  urgeld to send In' these reports, buii  pf/ws from any member oif an organisation win be retoelved with pleasure.  ooooaoosoeoaooocsooQesoaeo  I-  DELICTUS WINE  g�� Made E__cm.sive_,v from E- C. Fruit.  8   FRESH CUT FLOWERS   UNION-MADE  g DOMESTIC CIGARS.  5 When making a trip around tbe  JJ Park call on  a   W�� Do JOneS    "uglJthonse11  00900999990900009903000996  and  PACIFIC  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  t  I  IV) all polntaln Canada and tto United w��Ui.  TBE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TBA1K  CR088ING THE CONTINENT.  ���Aiuitai roa iatav and csiha.  Emprosi of India Dec. SO  Athenian Jan. 18  Kmureu of Japan Jan. 27  and every four woclta thereafter.  UlUM roa EODOLCUJ AUD ADSTBAUA.  Aorangi Jan 10  Mtwna fab. 7  Mlowera ������ ������ Mar. 7  and eveiy (our weeka thereafter.  For further particular* aa to time rate* et  apply to ' '  E. J.COYUt, JAMES BCLATE  A.G.P.A.,        . TicketAfent,  Vanotevcr, B. C 438 Huttnci St.,  Vancouver, 0.0.  THE RETAIL. CLERKS' 1NTISKNA-  TiONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brien's Hall, the flrst and  rlilrtl Tuestlavs of each month. T. ___.  Phillip, pmsitlent; TV. J. Lamrick, secretary. 2-1S Princess street   TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President;  R. Altken; vice-president, C- A. Melville;  secretarv, A. Baper, Van Anda, B. C;  treasurer, TL V. Price; conductor, P.  Burt: w.irdon. John T.lnklater.  ,  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION .OP,  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 18���  Meels second and fourth Wednesday In  each month in Union Hall. President,  Wm. Beer: corresponding secretary,. B.  Tlir.mins, T2S Hamilton street: financial  secretarv, J. H. McVety. 1211 Seymour  street. '  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION  No. 2. Meets In Labor Hall, Homer  street the last Saturday in each month at  S p. m. Ernest Bums, president; CSuis.  Burh.rm, secretary, SIT Harris street.    ..  JOURNEYMEN RAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union or  America. Local No. -10. Vancouver, B.  C. President. James Webster: vtce-prcs- ,  ident, J. XV. Wilkinson; recording secre-  lan Muttlo M.icLeaii. 2T21 Westminster  Avenue; financial secretaiy. 11. MoMullln,  Toronto Candy Co.; Uonst'ier XV. A.  Woods. 3,*5 Ninth Ave., Mt. Pleasant;  correyponeling secretary. F. Rawlinga.  Barnwell Bro*.. Granville ��|rect: m��s-  ters-at-al ms, F. Moylcs and luetl Bartle;  delegates to- Trades and Labor Council,  F. Rawlmgs and C. 3. Salter,   ^GARoIviSitS' " UNION ,NO. 367-  Meets the lirst Tuesday in each montli  in Union Hall. President, A. Koehet;  vice-president, P. Crowder; secretary,  G Thomas, Jr.. US Cordova street west;  tieasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms. J. W. Brat; delegates to Trades,  and Labor Council, J. Crow. C. Crowder,  c. Nelson.        * .  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS, Local Union -No. 13J.  Meets everv Thursday ln 1/nibor Hall.  President, \V. Pavier; vice-president;- W-  Halllday; recoitllng secietary. L. Crush,  221 Georgia street: financial secretary, A.  Gothard, 822 Jlowe street; treasurer, B-  MeSorley.  -\."r  JOURNEYMEN-TA UrORS'^UNIONT-Ob'  SME15.1CA, 'No. US ��� .Meets alternate  Mond.ivs In room 1, Union Hull. President. F. Williams; vlt-e-piosldent. Chan.  Whnlfii:'recording ��ecretnry. II. O. Hur-  rltt;'flnanclnl secretary. Wiilfrotl iJirson.  treasurer, \V. XV. Toombs; borgoant-at-  arms, J.   McPherson.    i ii noon  Frnm Tholr Nanaltno.kouthfleldaaA       .,  Protection Inland Oolllerlea,  Sfeain, Qas  and  House Cos!  Of the Followlnr Grade*:  Double ecrwoad Lump,  Run of th* Mina,  WaabKl Nut mttA  6flnanlDC��k  SAMUEL H. ROBINS, fhperlnteiwlart.'  EVAKS. COLEMAN a\ KVAN8, Aftnn,  Vancouver City, B. 0.  ���Ifa-:.  'V.Vs PLAN OF COW STALL.  Shovm     Point*      Which     Commend  Themaclvea  to   l)nlryitteii.  The great principle that makes this  stall a practical success is the fencing  of the cow hack to the illteli, says K. C.  Eckort In raclllc Homestead. The  fence A A A ls put ou either side of the  post to unit tho length of the cow. or  for a short cow cun he moved toward  the cow's hcnil several Inches by nailing on a four by four stud nn the post  next to the cow. then putting on the  bars A, The��� fue.il box la eighteen Inches  wide uml the llniige lieiuril lu front uf  the cow seven Indies high, which, on to  the   three  by   throe  studding   under-  PRACTICAL COW STALL.  neath, makes the top edge ten inches  high from platform. The hitter Is six  feet six inches from the elitoh to the  frout end of live foot post.  The slanting manger Is three foot  from the Iloor of the feril alley unci  leaves nn opening at the top of eighteen inches, whore all recti Is placed hi  the feed trough, there being, sullicient  room at A (say six Inches) for grain,  ensilage or cut fodder to puss down,  but hay, whole fodder or straw will not  , puss down, but will remit iu so that tho  cow can eat tlieni through the bars (A).  Tho'partitions between the cows lire  three feet-six inches .apart, four feet  high and three feet., six inches long.  There are no partitions In front of the  bars (A) except twelve inches above  the bottom of the feed box, so that the  cut feed und grain rations remain in its  own cow's manger. Hut the whole  length of the hay manger is clear from  end to end, and, if wanted, any long  foeleler can be distributed in it in good  shape. The platform should dropfrom  manger to ditch not less tliau two  inches.  -,;      AVeljrlrt-N For Barn Due.  Frequently.' the fanner "wishes to  feed a given weight of.this, that or the  other stuff untl 'has no scales tit hand  to .weigh it. If he has a quart iheu's-  urec; handy, he can use It lo measure  out the required weight. ..Tlie. quart,  weight of various foods is as follows:  Cottonseed'' tacal, ��� 1.5. pounds; linseed  meal, old process, 1.1 pounds; gluten  meal, 1.7 -..pounds: .gluten' feed. 1.2  pounds; wheat'bran, course, .5 pound;  wheat middlings,' coarse. 78 pound, aud  line, i.i pounds; mixed wheat feed,.ti  pound; conimenl,,1.0 pounds; oats, 1.2  ��� pounds; rye brnii, .0 pound; H. 0., dairy  feed; .7 pound, anil Victor corn feed. .7  pound per; quart. ./These weightsiare  worked but by the Connecticut experiment station..: With those equivalents  .athnnd-the; feedman may' kiiow;. wliere  he/is "at -when he .desires, to feed by.  weight/. '7;      '"'.���������������' X"l".'XX'"!./*'  CHANGING FEED OF COWS.  _>>vr Artlclon of Diet Slionld Be Fed  Spnrlnprly nt First;  When beginning with nny feed that  ls now to stock, begin with a very  small quantity, says a Michigan dairyman in Farm and Home. If pumpkins  or turnips, cut line ami sprinkle n little iniililliuKs over them before you  offer tlioiii or a vory llttlo salt. Get  them and keep tlieni sharp uml eager  for their ftiuil: then they will be hearty  nntl healthy and In a condition to repay well for timi.. trouble and feed.  l!tiotl,t.':iiv ami proper troainii'iil will  make cal tie glad, to sec you at any  t.iiii! whether hungry or nut. 1 sometimes hear men say: ".My' cows nre  dainty; can get them lo t>at but very  little of the best of hay. or perhaps  they will eat but very little of their  grain feed, muss It over u little and  then will not limit at It again." I always Miy Miri'l;. there lias been nils,  management, I'nr I verily believe Unit  t-ows. calves ur lun-sos e-:in be lamrht  to eat almost everything Unit Is good  for thorn nud as much as Is good for  them, even out of a swill bucket.' As  Important us u good supply of good,  wholesome feed is it Is equally as Important to have good care and judicious  management.  THE DEPTH OF ROOTS.  Soil of i'roi"' Twxttiro Is Able to Support  lr.-i-s Witli  Itut Little Sur-  fact- MolHinre.  How deep will trees root? Tho  answer is impossible "to give at this  time, tis not su indent data hns been  collected to give the information tlts-  sireel' even loi' a single viuieiy.  iiut the depth of rooting of must,  plants is found tin investigation Id  bo far greater than litis been suspect ?tl. In the lU'Companying illustration we show ii pent-h free  that wns grown til. tlie Arizona ox-  pcriiiiculul station.' The soil inearth is shown. In the depth of 'M.  feel,   ul.   which   point   the  soil water  or wnioi*  nib!  is   found  ill  this  FeedinR Vnlve'of Apples.  The experience of careful farmers Indicates that apples are worth more for  feeding than the. usual cider ..mill prico,  saysFarm and Home. A -Massachusetts, dairyman wlio had u lot of low  grade apples began on a large, old  cow, which was nearly 'dry/feeding her  in connection wllh hei- summer pasture  exclusively two quarts of hard Greenings and Baldwins nt night and the  same quantity In the morning, gradually Increasing until nt the end of a  Week she: was eating about one bushel  per day. Tier milk increased from  four to six quarts per day. Where  there are short pastures and the necessity of llvlngcows some extra food Inferior grade apples may bo turned to  prolltnble account.  Jllnney In-Scrub (.'attic.  A herd of scrub cows were bought by  ihe Kansas college without regard to  their value for the dairy and produced  in a year, at. creamery prices, mill:  worth $;;7.7."> per cow. The. skiimiiilk  calves; which.''.���were fntU'iiod brought  an average of $-10 each when marketed  at about si year old, .says '^yifcssor II.  M. Cottrell. .This shows .. gross income In n year from a scrub cow and a  scrub calf of $77.75. when both cow  and calf are pushed, the cow's ymllk  sold niul the calf raised on skimmilk.  The best cow ln the scrub herd pro-  duceei milk in a 'year worth, at creamery prices, $(.O.SS. The best calf iu the  skiiiimilk lot brought $47. This shows  that a good scrub cow with a good  call' could bo made to bring over $100  gross income in a year. With large  grade Shorthorn or Hereford cows', of  the dairy type crossed with a short  legged, thick ..incited,' bloeky bull the  returns from both cow and calf would  undoubtedly be '.'.much greater, making  the combination "of-, dairying and baby  beef-very, profitable.'        "/., .���  r�����Kjcf   V^iy*?  ii '���.''.'���".'���''-���'Cu. .-J 5'  :.   JtOW TIIKK'.HOOTS tmOW.  case., It,:>vill;;-be  noted     that  tbo  feet,  tho  the  that  i Waalilng nnd WorUliiR; Butter.,  After drawing olf the buttermilk  wash twice or until the wash  water  . runs off clear. Then work in salt to suit  the tnste of your trade and set away  < for three or four hours, then rework  and pack or stamp. .The interval be-  -tween salting and stamping allows  tbe salt thoroughly to permeate the  whole mass, and the second working  also insures a uniform: mixing of the  Bait as well as working out any excess  of water. Never work butter when it i.s  warm enough lo be salvy; There are  twoWatchwords for the butter maker.  They are cleanliness and  uniformity  ~nnd"nro"wortlrremeiiibering If-youare  looking for trade and reputation. -  Cliui-iilnx the Crcitm.  Box or barrel churns without* inside  fixings nre the best, says .1. A. l'\ in  Kural New Yorker. In churns in which  the agitation is brought about by  nu-ans of paddles the grain of the first  particles of butter formed. Is very likely to bt_;spoiled aud the linished prod-  net injured to.tliat extent. Tlie box or  barrel churn should be rotated, so as  to obtain the'maximuin amount of concussion of the particles of cream upon  one another ami not fast enough lo  cause the cream to take up the same rotary motion as tbe cliuru itself���that is,  it should dnsh "from Lend to end at each  rotation"��� of the .'churn;' Churn.ot least  twice a week, but better throe or more  times.���.;��� No exact icnip.crature can: be  given at wliich to churn. The cream  should be churned; at such a������: temperature that the butter will "break" or  "conic" iu from -thirty-live or forty  minutes. .Churning should be continued until the buttermilk has a thin,  bluish' appeiuauce. This should occur, however, while the buttpr is still  in the granular form.  roots reach. tt .-depth of 20  and _u'e"/.thch ' 3 2 feet "above'  water.'table ��� or soil water 'in  soil. . It will tilsci be noted:  the spread of the tree iu nowise corresponds to tlie spread.'of the roots  in the soil. it. has been a. popular  fancy that the. spread of the branches  of a tree represents the spread of  its roots. Tliis fallacy should have  been exploded without, the use: of  diagrams, but it. litis not. been. Wo  all know that, when trees arc grown  in tubs tbe brunches' cover-iv square  area very much greater limn-��� tho  surface of the tub. Tlio most '.-im-.  porltint lesson to bo learned from  this illustration, is that soil of proper texture is able toi-support trees  with very little surface moisture.  This explains why some of our  tipple nud peach orchards have been  little affected by tlio'droughts'..Unit  have 'destroyed other .economic  plants.    / ".i..;       . . *.. .'.-���*'",."  A WORD ABOUT WORK.  Soma Farmer*   Should   l.uhor   l>esit   nnd  ' . Altitnd. t.�� Hiisiiu-M. .'lore.  The farmer is a busy man if he ia  worthy oi his occupation. So is every oilier man. no matter what his*  business in the world.mny be. 'Iho  idler ttud the lr,('er aio like tlio sinner, who "itiiiiiot stand in the judgment," they eniiiitit slnnii long in the  stern tri.el 'Which the world has for  every business num. I'.ut. too iniiiiy  nien lnlsumlti'Munil llie nanning of  tho word work. To ninny it menus  only iiiiiufiul Ittbtir; to luiiuy farmers  il Idiiuis up ds iii'.OiLMii'.y itut! important i-.l.eive nil other tiiiiii s. -For tbo  -iil.e til' their work 'liny will neglect  t..e!r l.i;i'iiti..ss.' I-or tlM snki. ilf tlielr,  v.i.ik i i.e.,- will i ass bv iipporliini; i, s  oi'���eru.ii: valuo if limy weie improved. Tlio wise niiin spoke of him wil.)  is "ilHere'iit in'-l>!isiii��NS"''n:) worthy  o( ll.t: highest liiiiinr, not ofthe man  \,'!!n is a tiiavt! it, bis everyday work.  liieu- is ti niee'IMoljlein couli ontiiig  every lnt^iiies.s intni.Il.ii whnt.untl  i to v.* much ..of ihe ilitnlj'.'t'i'y tnitl i.etttil  t.-l hi.-: lit.jti-..<���:;:! he thi,II tit I., iri lo  l.ei'i.tiiio.ll.v. Wtt iMve knov, n ti nitin  wil,it.; liiiie WiiM v.tii tli .s'.-verttl fhoti-  sautl ilolitir.s ;i yt-iti- :o sp'cntl. it on  work that ti i-lieap clerk ecuItl tlo as  well. ito'-was'' I..sing some ill', ng. We  know iiii-inci'i-"'t-.i'.i! s.ot'kiii'iii who'ni'U  sticL.iug nt In.  I he  i.i:ne win,  o,  tO   :llf.'!l'j:hll.sini'S'.  Uti.iug   the  |��:t .  "iiiiy .i'o | itPt'u  Iloiv Alnoli Dnttcr?  One buiidred pounds of milk testing  5 per cent of butter fat would, of  course, contain Just five pounds of fat.  Good butler contains only SO per cent  fat. the balance being moisture, some  cnscUi, etc. Otic hundred pounds of !i  .per cent milk will Iherefore make more  "limn (ive pounds of butter. The rule  established In the World's fair dairy  test was to add to the butter fat oiie-  fifth* of Itself. Then by this rule we  Would get six pounds of butter from  100 pounds or 0 per cent milk. This,  however, iiecossltatos very close work  both In skiiiinilii'g and churning.-Collin C. Llllle.  To  Get  Hr-rd,  131-5- JJiitter.  The churn should be stopped as soon  us the butter granules ure tlie '.size of  wheat grains and the .buttermilk drawn  off, says New England Homestead.  Add enough salt water nt a temperature of'SO to'55 degrees to nicely' cover  tbe buttjr, then put on the. churn cover  and revolve the churn twice. Draw off  the water and repeat the process once  or twice until f the Water runs away  clear. '.  Allow the butter to drain a few minutes, I ben take from the churn, weigh  It, add the,necessary quantity of salt,  work pit a worker just enough to thoroughly incorporate tho salt and no  more, and thon print.- Have your cream  at a temperature'of 55 to:CO degrees  when it is put In the churn.  Viiluu tit. Drainage.     ..  .J-More than one farmer who has'pitt  tile or oilier .linelei'groiiiid drains    in  his fields,  or. a, part of -.t.lieni,. learn-.:  eel  this, year.tho- value  of Ltlrafhttge  in a drought as.well  as .in  a wet season,, says:'.American' Agriculturist. It  gives the circulation.of air- through  the soil that- keeps. ;,it light :    ..and;  friable,  so  tlutt.'.-the roots penetrate  through the soit to und'.the-moisture,  tbey. need -  ;'.TIie. soil does not pack,  'after a-raiii, '. partly* /towing-.to."th'6i  coming'*-up : of. .air from 7 the y, i tiles  .through the.very channels that/-the  vyai'or followed when it passed down-  to . them:     Some noticed-'that   -"Uie  rows,   particularly- of corn,'...-;,; which'  were '.almost eiiroelly/ovci'/tlio/Lliiie  of theilrniii kept, green; longer  ..liiitl  'produced ���-.' n..better.:"crop. Uniii/.tliose  whiclr were between Liliotii'ttins,/aiid  tlie- / poorest'rows .or  parts  of-the  field were those, fiirflicst/froiiiv,the:  drain. ,.; Some. say, .the ..yield doubled'  in: Uie close vicinity of. the   ..drains,;,  in  wliich  case, .we" should .think' .the  drains were too; far'apart -for- ti/ycry.  dry. or: a  very ," wtit;.!season.-.., 7 Hut  this is not; all..'the. value. :'of !���'! drain-'.'  age."   /Laud-that is properly';drained,;  can be worked much earlier iii . the  spring. and is ���. much less affected 'by/  the frosts' iti/spring or fall because  it    is drier.   . ..M'licat' and clover'tire  not';so    often  lifted   and  the'-roots  broken during.the freezing aiid thawing- of the .winter nnd , are/thus less  liable/to   winter/kill.  /,.       . .,/;  /  and nt lnbor -nil  :l l.o be nftchtlin-jf  .iL'aii.s iiisicntl. nf  ..' ii./l:i;:i-el. Imiiil.  ; heir ability in. ut  too iinv ti. |:i-i;:i;, 1 hey. are, iiiielei'ra.l-  i'.PS 'i.liei.rnjl\t!S:��� ( tini-iL.'fr wiitit work  cnu l.e i!;;iit! loost ell'..i I i veiy nr.tl. tie)  if., it may lie. tjliut writii'i.��. n Je: tor,  will .iii-in;;' return.', ontuigh- to pay "for  ti..lr.!;nrt'i' for several days. It intiy.  lie' liini rending- an' tiriicle <n; 'tin ail-  Ve'i'ti.-t'Mienl will be. '.vorfh niero  money iiuui it. inoiiill's lalior. No. man  etui lay -down- ti rule for uifother in  such ' mutters, hut if some .'/people  would lnbor''less! -and titiontl to business morel'Ihey.. would he better ���, off.-  Work/is hot.'all' nutiim'tl lnbor,/ it: is  the inlt!lligen!, tiirectioii of .energy  to thi.' fiirt.lii.-riir.ee, of biiviness.���NTa-  tion'ul Sl.nckii'.ti'i. ' ''/  SIMPLE SMOKEHOUSE.  A Norol Amur Wiili'li Uoei lt�� Wotk Well  aatl llafburi .No l)tin:��t l**i*ont  l-'lrH Wlnttuvur.  A good smokehouse on any farm  is a desirable thing to have, the  groat difference between the price,o(  home grown 'pork niul store bacon  making it a paying job; for every  fanner to smoke his own meat, nud  especially for his own consumption.  It is too expensive, however, to have  a well-aiTiinged smokehouse, as generally constriiclcd, in all cases,- mid  hence the reason for present ing the  novel utlair shown in the accompanying illustration.  As can be seen, it consists of a  box of such a sli'.e as is desired, only  it should be four foot high, and is  usually more convenient if three by  live feet square. The meat is inserted through the door inthc side,  which should be no less than -0  inches wide, and hinged at the lower  part so as tolet tfown from the top.  Hooks should be ..fastened lo it, and  staples driven into the sides and top  of the box, as indicated'in the cut,  to bold the door iu place, when closed.  For hanging the meat, bore holes  through tho top of the box and far  enough' apart so ..Hint the piores will  not lout'li when hung, l'ieces of wire  work best for the purpose, one end  of whicli having been run through  the meat should be twistetl together  with the "other.: so ns to form n loop,  Prix  .��.'���! 1.  II, ..;:.     :-.iu h  *\t IS'  These: large, roomy. Hlttlo / cotorctl  cattle are not vei'.v numerous untl do  not seem to be gaining very rapidly,  although' those who own them are  well satisfied'wit.!-, 'their performances  in the ..dairy.'. They nre ������ rather largo  'and.-course for: litoii who nre familiar  .with the Jersey,��� t!ucnisoy or ��� Ayrshire.. They, tiftj loo'rough X for  strictly. /beef, cattle /und lire classed  by/sonie/as ige'.iera'l ��� ���purpose/'. '-.'��� Tliis  l.vpe of liuinials is'.nt. t.ih favoi' with  inaiiy breetlei-s. - /ConsciiuenUy: the  Brown .Swiss i;i iLiukiiig. its'way  slowly ������' in .: :siiile of, nn-.iiy /strong  points "iii its favor.;     The     splendid  ���A Croat Dairy Cow.'  The leading cow at the Pan-American  exposition is tlio Guernsey Mary Mar-  shnll, No. 5C04, says New England  IIonicstend."_Slio wa"s'b>e"dlfifd"i.s~oWn-  ed by Ezra Mleliener of reniisylvnnla.  She wns born April 29, 1S01, and dropped her last calf April 15 of this year.  Good  Milk Slrnlncrn.  A good milk strainer Is made from  brass wire cloth of not less than fifty  meshes to the Inch and three or four  thicknesses of loosely woven collon or  woolen cloth thnt has been previously  washed to'remove size. Such a strainer  will not only remove line particles of  dirt, but will also entangle a considerable number of germs. / Such strainers  should be cleaned with great care and  frequently renewed. !  '���Dairying In  New Zenlnnd.  New Zealand dairy farms are worth  from S100 to S150 per acre, and such  farms furnish the nearest to* ideal dairy conditions of any country iu the  world���pleuty of rain, no cold weatber  anil luxuriant grass all tbe year round.-  GUEItNSUy COW.UARY MARSHALL.  She Is a grand type of dairy cow. nor  best week's record of milk In the model  dairy was "111 pounds 7 ounces fdr the  week ending May _!S. Her 'mill: analyzed 'J.70 per cent of butter fat. After  being milked for nearly live months she  gave for the week ended Sept. 17, JS0.8  pounds of mill; containing 5.S pur cent  of butter fat.  ."Wlit-re tbo Dairy Ilred Cow Ii_xc<>la  There Is one point wherein the. dairy  Tlio Dttsr. .Uutll.  Before it gets to bo too late bo  sure to lay up a good supply ������..'������ of  dust, or failing that, very ..' dry  earth, foi- the chickens' dust bath  during the winter. Fine, very fine  dust is nature's remcely for lice/and  given the opportunity the hens Will  make good use of;the biitb all winter. Hid you over sec the hens lying in a dry place, in the .stininior  time, kicking up the dust until it  penetrated between the feathers to  every particle of the skin. Diet you  notice how thoy enjoyed their bath?  -Thcn-givo-tliem-a-. tint nee���to���onjoy-  ' themselves that-.wny ���during tlio winter. Make u fair-sized boxed plnco  to hold the dust in the Iloor where  the sun will shine on it nnd. sec if  tho 'bens won't make use of it. Tlie  dust will have to be changed occasionally and a littlo insect powder  sprinkled through it will help in  keeping 'down 'vermin. The story  is told of a very successful poullry-  innn who one time had occasion to  rent a portion' of his poultry house  to (lie tenant of: bis farm, who  whitewashed and denned bis house  regularly, hut wan not. so siirrcssful  lu keeping down vermin as the owner, who supplied his fowl with . h  .good dust luilli, frequently renewed  with the addition of an insect powder. In nil tbb hurry of harvest  and threshing do not forget tlio  iltisf Imtb for l.hc; hens.���Nor' West  farmer.  nnowx,swiss e;ow xiooi.a.six ykahsoi.o.  herd owned by &. Tli. liar ton of Illinois has been admired by many at  state affairs. The cow Xicola.shown  in the illustration, hus-been chain  pion at the Illinois stale fair and  won many prirps. Fer a Brown  Swiss she is very smooth, rather  compact, but chunky ami resembles  : the" beef type; considerably more than  the dairy.  She has a beautiful head, fine nostrils, large nnei delicate ears and  good size bono. Her udder is largo  ami her performance at "the pail goes  a long way to "commend her as a  dairy animal. Prof. 0. 1). Smith of  Michigan agricultural college onco  said be did not believe that we had  a place for these cattle in American  agriculture. Many peoplo are,in accord with this view. On the other  hand I. S. Long of Pennsylvania considers them good milkers and says  that they make excellent beef. Ho  has had?a herd on his farm for many  yenrs and knows what he is talking  about. The calves mako especially  good veal and for this reason ho  thinks they, are .admirably suited for  dairy sections. ��� American Agriculturist.  <-;irii nf farm  Atllilllllli.  Hogs nnd other domestic animals  nre very much like human beings,  though tbey mny not descend to such  low levels of. morality tis'is too com-  bred cow excels all others which Is not I mem with tho sons of men.    Hut   in  often  mentioned.    She  produces   hcrj treating them for .ordinary ailments  milk nhdnll milk solids at n lower cost  for the same quantity. She Is built  for that purpose. By natural selection,  like the trotting ; horse, she performs  her work nt the least possible outlay  for food consumed. For .instance, Pro-  fcs'sor-'Haccker found that the dairy  bred cow Houston produced ber butter  at a cost of less thnn.S cents tt potnid.  while the dual purpose cow Dora mado  lier butter cost over 12 ecu ts.  a similar course applies. When a man  gels '-'ofT'his feed," there is no euro  equal to.-brolecn doses of tibstinrnt-o-  It" is 'better than all the drugs of the  apothecary."When an animal signifies  that his digestive- apparatus is out  of adjustment by nuzzling his food  Willi apparent-disgust, try a little  starving.' Hunger is the host of  sauce'.' Dieting is an art. ' To know  it is to'.know the whole art of feeding for profit.  -' .  . Cultl -.'rumen miii llntlinuvnft.  So great nre the use and Importance of inexpensive: hothouses  and-cold frames in ''starting v early  vegetables thut: no one should bo  without one or. .more, says a , correspondent of American; Agriculturist.���--Urops -can-be-protected in  these until: very Into in the fall, nnd  semiliarely plants can bo kept in  perfect condition all winter long.  Where ono raises vegetables.for early  market hothouses aro of courso  absolute necessities, but. even thu  ordinary fnrmer needs them for his  early crops, whether he is engaged  in tho market gardening bilf.iness  or not. Toinaloos, Ici.tut'.o, seed  onions nntl scores of otlier vegetables cnu: be started��� under glass  months before n ,.-. possible to plant  them outside.  - ���:'���'.    ^ r'.v'ltM SSIllKKnil.-!....  and: this - inserted up 'tlirouisli. tiie linger hole, where a stick /then'..pushed  through the loop will hold the hniri  'secure. ./,'���.���".'"','/ ,      "������/;���/���";',-': ���/./'���  The device shoultl be built on sloping ground,';provided such is available, for'then tlie fire: thiit' is: to furnish tlio smoke.can be placed at the  _pi'6per distance: from the box niul yet  have the smoke readily conducted*tei  it by nieans /of "''several. joints' at -old'  stovepipe./ The; hole for : the': (ire-,  place should be .about.'two ''feet','deep,  and at' least six feet', away from -the'.  box./ . The..trench*;"., for .tlie. sloyepipo  shoulel/not/be over ;one-liulf.;ns deep,  iiriel'dug so*Unit.the/upper' end of."the;  stovepipe- /.will/come out "under, the  box. ileal-;; the 'centre;';till',.old,;:'" elfjow  jdiitt/ :ihrtkes*',this:,!yt;!'y ..easy: .to: do/  Tho;pipe,\of:cbiirst.!; shoultl,.be'-coycr-  eiK with: t.ho7/lqoso/clii'i7 thrown'-'-.-.out  'and^tho'-;sides of7.i.he. bbx/baiikcd up  wi lh/ earth,'',. its* criicks ,.l-,eiiig:,. calked"  tis'-/ "much/as '.p6ssible;"/Y6i'7;iiot.witli-;  .stiiiie"!iijg';"all", the'.pre'caiitioiVs^cnptigh  .smokCiWiU/still; o^  iiecessary-:amount "of /draughte//;;/;./;/  *7iW|heni>7t.lio7tt!biij-/isicom|.ietc(l/iiiid;  the.:liains7iire-;iijl/huijg7ii;"llre -should:  be/kiiidled jiii.'tiii bid/kettle: qr/ptin;  using/corncobs" for ;fiiol",*since /l.liese.  make the "bost-jii'ntc'vi'al', hbt/.to iiicn-  ti,oi7'.that/tlioy/ure'/casy :to //handle  and,.wiU/iiist;loiig.:/ .Af'/so'on/.as":/"ii,  go<)tl/siiie_ko/iiits*;bt!en/slar ted; //tlie  -Vfurniifce'!..;';should;_-be/'iset" iii "the/Lliolo'  prepared.;for,."it.-:tihel"bi)iirels Itiitl".'oyer?  .the/tbp/7or.;.blither., ii' large, iiieeb/of..'  shettt/ire. .i./tjii;7bi': sbiiietbiiiK/i)i::tlitit  'tin turoj'i/i'By.'i banking.; this"-;.tip/'/v"s6^'t'iS;  to-:kecp'"tlie:siiit>ke"fro'm/escnpj!ig/oi"ie  ..will bo "in ti: fair .wiiy-L'to, bavt_;5;sq't)iv:  Koihc.fii'St-cliiss bat-on..,7Scyerai/hiiii-;:  fli-uel.pounds cif"incut;.can-:lie-snio';:eil  at a/lime./'nntl,;:lei. /iilpnc"- t.Ii"c/.7et:oii-  piiiy of '"'tliis,"'the device is ofMni'Sti-'1  iiiiiiilo'vi^liie. as-asiifegniiril -vagiiinst'  lit-o77 /Uiiliko / some, kinds/of/sinol>e-.  houses;"So t-alied./it.,l.iari)oi-s..iiio da.ii-.  gui/./whtilever."; if '^-igh'tly .made/" of  burning.: "u -..''siiiglo.'"building "oiathc  farni/'''"/;; . .?���'/: ���"/"/:/::"7'777-:?:,j7,"//:;"';7-;  MOLASSES AS FEED.  Satliifitotor.T   J-_xi>e-riuiMiilH   ' ni.duitfid : by  l-'ruiicU ...i.vt.rmii^iit. l.\]i��-i  H.  Many agriculturists*"]"!* Europe have  long been "convinced that molasses ib  an admirable fooil- for horses and  cuttle,- and their conviction is how  stronger" than ever, owing- to certain experiments which have been  recently Hied and wljich proved  eminently successful.  The Frciich IJoveinniciit. has publicly notilied agriculturists Unit it  will do all in its power to aid them  iu popularizing the 'new food.  Tho most notable experiments  with molasses have hc>cii liuitlu by  M. lleeroinbccque, a chemist, and 51,  Muiinochc/., a veterinary surgeon at  Arras. 'I'hey assert that chopped  bay or grass mixed with -molasses is  tin excellent'cure for asthma, and,  furthermore, that food of this kind  neither loads the stomach nor impedes respiration. They also think  it is likely that during digestion thu  sugar in the food' produces."alcohol,  and they say that, if so, the animal's  health is bound to bebcnclited  thereby. ,  Two other experts, MM. Dickson  and Jlalpcaux, have also made cx-  "Poriiucnls in regard to the eftect of  molasses on the general "health,  weight and milk of animals, and  they hiue ariived at the following  conclusions:  First, Unit ordinary food mixed  witli v molasses quickly increases tho  weight of sheep, pigs nnd cows; second, that animals; thiit are fed in  this way give more and .richer" milk  than they did before; third, that molasses is an excellent foodLfor horses, .  since they quickly acquire a liking  for it and, apparentlv: donot* loso  any of their strength, the only noticeable change being a slight tendency to si outness, and, fourth,  that molasses can effectively bo used  with, food of an inferior quality,  since the animals will readily eat  if, whereas they would not care for  it  in  its natural condition'.  M. Albert Vilcoq, a French professor of agriculture, savs that tho  French-'Government'.is acting very  wisely in encouraging fanners lo uso,  molasses, but he points out that earn  .should be taken not to give the''  animals too much of, it, ns, owing to  its beating qualities/it may;produce,  a"'deleterious, effect >f. given loo; often .or too -"abundantly.  Value nf wiit'iu siruw.  Wheat straw should bo baled ns  soon ns ..thrashing is over. This  straw has a market, value, and, besides, il forms a wholesome roughness for catflu when pastiu-oge falls.  Cut straw wet anil mixed wllh brim  or corn chops will be relished by  cuttle nml horses. Thus used, and  also ns'bedding''in stables to eko  out the manure heap, straw is' of  far moro value than the ashes resulting from its burning.  _s>s!et:t Cutiscs itltr I.iikh.  Not many yens ago farmers  thought that it intitlo cattle "lough"  to stand out through the cold days  bf. winter, .(shivering-..from head ������ to  foot.. They did not seem to know  that cold takes olT a large share of  animal heat which' they enn got only  from .food.' and. the more thoy tiro exposed tbe more food they .will need.  Most folks know better ,now, or, if  they don't, there's a'society with 'a  long name that stands ready to teach  them.���Farm   Journal.  Pri-survi! tlie '! im��Ik. '  The fanner cannot afford lo have  gooel tools and machinery on . his  farm unless be can. ut"oid lo ha.o  buildings; to protect them lioiii'ilu  weather, .ind he cannot spend nn  hour or a day more proiilably lli.in  in .cleaning tlieni up, overhauling  them and making repairs on them before they are likely to be wanted  again, says American' Cultivator.  .The plows, harrows and more expensive machinery left out of doors ibis  winter will deteriorate in value more  than oiie-lifth. Tho loi-s would more  than pay the interest on the cost of  a gootl building lo shelter tliem in  aml-iii "iiittny cases exceed Uie taxes  on theTuTmT lf_iliey_wcre_noi-pro-  perly cared for when last iiietl, tako  one of. these line/days nnd'-'gather  them up, clean thou, nil the iron-  wtu-lt and paint nil ,the woodwork.  Never mind gelling a piiinlei; to do  'the job. Buy ii can of ready'mixed  paint and a cheap bi'tisii. Use any  color that you like, but use .11. freely,  not us un ornament., hutinj a pres'.T-  vnllvc of (lie wood, as the till is  of tho Iron.  s I'loilurti* it t'onil  Oiiullty t��f I'uVk.  The Cheshire is a good-sized, long-  bodied white hog, Some peoplo  call their heads long, others short.  The bead in proportion to length'of  botly is as short ns that of any  breed. When slaughtered for market the head weighs less in proportion than that of any other hog, as  there is very little meat ou it.  One specially good quality of Cheshire, is. that it gives n large proportion of lean ment. Put a Cheshire nnd ' a pig of another breeel  into tlie same pen, feed them in same  trough! and when the two pigs are'  butchered ,Uie Cheshire' will have    a  -.',.,v>5^.*^,'v;>.  .���;_fe'--&:*'//,  I  ttotr to KiK-p t.iilt't- Sivi'iM.  Tlio following formula will keep  cider owed for nn indefinite1 length  of time:..'. Let it ferment until sulll-  clentl.v iictti to suit taste: then bottle In cluaiipiigili! hollies of one quart  each, pulling one /raisin untl one  clove iu eiich bottle; cork tight,  wire securely, keep In a cool cullnr,  nud in three months It will Im tit  for use.; Care . must bo exercised  when opening to let the gas 'escape  gradually or your .bottle will l:o  emptied'  all  over    tho room. It  makes a drink 'superior to'champagne  and does iiot make tho '.hair, pull after using. More than ono raisin  put in will.burst any bottle .mad::.���  Country   Gentleman.  ' Pelrtillliir! Dwlry: Ciiivi,  Color is only skin deep in a cow.  'Jo-more by, the contour nntl size of  her udder, says George E. Newell in  Nebraska Fnrmer. I once knew a  dairyman who'not cr purchased a now  cow until ho lnimelf sat down and  milked her. It is,needless to .add  that ho seldom made a poor purchase. , ' '���  Ms '-J.'-*.-. &Vr';��.-; j  %^^a^^h ^ta^S  noon CHi'smiti: i-nw. ,       >  larger proportion of lean meat than  tiny otlier. ��  TlTis makes them pre-eminently the -  pig for market- purposes. When Che-  shires are well known they bring  higher prices tliiiu other hogs. The  larger proportion of lean meat explains the fact, lhat according to  appearance Cheshire's, when . alive,  weigh more than other hogs. An  Indiana .stockman says: "I Had that  buyers are not able to guess Nthe  weight of Chcshiit-s. Ono lot of  18 culls I offered at . !)25-pounds  each. The buyer thought - they  would .not weigh over ' 300. Thoy  averaged 390. Another lot of- '20  culls I offered at 150 pounds average. They weighed 185. I have  grown oil kinds and when fed > together, Cheshire Whites, Poland Chinas, Berkshire's and Chcshircs mixed  in lots of 25 to* 75, the Cheshires  out-grew and out-weigh nil others."  The quality of the llesh is most excellent. The fat ls firm. The  bones are .small nntl very hard. I  have often heard the remark from  onlookers at fairs, "I do not see  how such'small bones hold up.s.such  big hogs."���H. W. Davis, in Orango  Judd Farmer.  .ilnl-iu*; Murrili l.umr. I'l-iitlatitlve  .When'a piece of marshy land has  been drained���il-is-often -found���thnt-  ��� crops fail to thrive, although it  seems lo be very rich.in nitrogen,  snys Director Thornc of tho Ohio  Experiment, Station. 'The remedy is  to atltl liai-nynitl manure. The senii-  iiiiuatie vegetation which formerly  occupied the bind decays so slowly  thnt. cultivated crops cannot got. ni->  trogen rapidly enough foi' their  needs. When the imiiiuru is added,  il, sets up a fermentation which converts the nitrogen bearing nialerials  Into a more soluble and henco available form.  Wlitin tu IliMiinvo llomiy,  "When tho bees fill the section with  honey, ihey seal; them over snowy  white, miys Now Kngland Homestead'. If the sections nre left, on tho  hive feii-"iin.v length of timo, the cuppings become darkened, caused by  the bees constantly 'running.' ovcr  them. The sections will uoter again  look so clean and white as when  llrst completed. / Therefore, when  you find a super of section filled ami  capped/slip your bee escnpo under it,  and:Iho next dny you will bo nblb to  carry oft tho honey.  Iltmanii'til for I'lttfl.  Ilonomcal or wood ��� ashes fed to  pigs occasionally are sure to build  a larger frame t and make better  gnins for the feed, consumed,, ' says  Professor W., A. Henry. Tigs 'fed  boneineal develop bones ��� about twice  as strong as pigs fed on grain alone.  A tablespoonful of bonomeal , daily  for 'two pigs is enough to - have a t  marked    edect.     - ' \  THE INDEPENDENT  VAXCOUVEK, B. C.  Influence of Food.  "What do you think of the theory that  food has a potent influence in determining  character?" asked Mr. Smithticld ai he  put three lumps of sugar in bis coffee.  "I guess It's all ristit," replied Mr.  Wood ob be severed a portion of bis beet-  stenk. "It alwayi ��eem�� a littlo cannibalistic to me when you order lobster."  "Well," retorted Mr. Smltlifield eood  liumoredly, "I ousht to lmve known it  was dangerous to lend you money after I  discovered your fouducas for beets. But,  seriously, if there were anything in the  theory wouldn't It make a man sheepish  to eat mutton?"  "It would, nnd prizefighters ought to  restrict themselves to a diet of scrans,''���  Pittsburg Gazette.  If You Could Look  Jnto the future and sec the  condition to which your  cough, if neglected, will  bring: you, ycu would seek  relief at once���and that  naturally would be through  HI* Prl-rate Opinion.  Little Wlllle-Pa. is It true that'a man  -ctnvmcod against his will is at the samo  opinion still?  Fa���I guess It is, my son.  Little Willie���And does it apply to women also, pa?  Pn-Cortamly not, Willie., It is simply  impossible to convince a woman against  lier will.���Chicago News'  Consumption  Cure  SH3LOH cures Consumption, Bronchitis, Asthma,  and all Lung Troubles.  Cures Coughs and Colds  in a day. 25 cents.  Guaranteed.   .....  Write to S. C. *.Vi*r.r.s & Co., Toronto  Can., for free trial bottle.  TAKE NOTICE.  We publish simple, straight testimonials, not press agent's interview!,, from well known people  From all over America they tcotify  to the merits of MINARD'S LINIMENT, tho beet of Household Remedies.  C  C. RICHARDS & Co.  Karl's Clover Root Tea purifies the Blood  That woman was created from a  rib is perhaps tho reason that she is  even unto this day a bone of contention.  TOUGH BILL OF FARE  MESSES THAT ARE SERVED ON BOARD  A "MEAN SHIP."  Queer Name* the Sallom Give to tbe  tnpalntablc Food���Do;; Chowder,  By the Wind Soou, Topuallnitt Tea  nnd Cow Jlpper.  Some ships are knewn as "mean  ships" by sailors en account of the  food tlint Is served to the forecastle.  Tbey are chledy deep water sailing  ships and tramp steamers. Of court.'.'  what a sailor ehall have to eat is provided for by law, but the law sometimes gets badly mixed up on blue water. The strange dishes served to sail-  ors on "mean ships" are no stranger  than the names tlnr sailors give them.  One of tlie commonest of "mean ship"  dishes Is "by the wind soup." This  delicacy Is composed of well polished  mutton bones, stale meat trimmings, u  N;Tt  1  m I  A    SfUJ'l.y   FARMER    STIUCKEy  WITH   UIIL'UMATISM IS CURED  HY  DODD'S KIDNEY  PILLS.  'I Jus Man Was So Had That Ho Was  Almost Pnralyzod-A Wonderful  Caf-e and a Very Happy Curo jjy  This Excellent Itemed v.  Jolly Evenings  will be insured if amoas other good" thinss yon  havo providtxl a WILLIAMS PIAlfO, os thon />  ioi ous climax is sure to bo yours.  Troridonco has blessed jou with a sood crop, so  surprise jour family, v,ho hare also worked, b* or.  coring a now  Williams Piano.  All makes of otRans for talo.  v'ou trdlirlia.on number of Rood planm and  c;.,aL. ���/t'thlly used, forsido choap.  Forrester & Hatcher,  Y. SI. C. A. HLOCK,  WINNIPEG.  .North    leunscumlnguo,  Quo.,   Jan.  ^ibptciidj-At  tho  Douglas  1'arm  near hero \ncB Mr. W. H. JolUhstoji  who  today considers himself a very  liapjiy man indeed. ;  'Ihe cause of Mr. Johnston's happi-  handful of potato parings- and scraps  ness'is    ������,_ . -----  from the captain's table. Tbe mixture jvc.y ���1Xb^T1,at "^ uad  is boiled vigoiously for two hou.s, at '..,"' *���^U ^c��.very rro'a ^  the end of which time the result is hot  water of a light brown color with floating Islands of grease on Its surface. A  little hardtack is added, and there you  have your "by the wind boup."  WARD'S LINIMENT Cores Dandruff.  'Ihe oldest secret tratlo process is  tho manufacUire of Chinese vermilion  rod. '  most severe case of rheumatism ever  seen m tins county. *  For a long time lie suffered    with  the    rheumatism     which    gradually  glow woiso till it threatened his life  -.- .-..    -, ...^ ���.uu ���uul,. |His principal trotTDlo was in his left  When ii "mean ship" gets well out to |M<J- ��wk_ it was so bad that his neck  sea. one of the first dishes to appear is p'"1'**0*1 so    Umt   ho could sctucely  "dog chowder."   It is a soit of resur- |",(no, u- aml was ^beginning to   fed  rection pudding, made of scraps that',     ' JS1'S'   Tho Pai�� would go away  the cook- tinea nni- rin>.. tn ��./,,...���    'or a time, but return   with greater  0mAff ?e*ix  r        4J  4tHAf  frmAosH, 4/  <#mj4L- Ohm*  the cook does not dare to serve up as  they are. but which he shreds finely or  pounds In n mortar until ull semblance  force, ajid a strange feature of his  case was that after the pain would  leave any part, it left behind it that  Pipe dreams" are not lestncted  plumbers  SOZODONT fob theTEETH 25c  The mining expert is not necessarily a melancholy individual because  it is natural to associate him with  the dumps  Ton noed not couch alt ninh t and di'tnrb jour  Iriomls ; thero is no oicabica for son ru muiir  tho risk it c-nta-ch-is inUamn. tilion of tho  fcIl&orco'^u?lptlSn,'v"Ue^,oao'"��f-'ei'Bit)t.lo's  An��^ons��mpt.itoSyn'p. This modlcluo ciirci  coughs, ctflds. inflmmnation of tho luumi, and  till throat and cliost troubloi. It promntos n  froo nnd eahyqxpoctorntinn. ti hicli immodrttely  robot 03 tho throat and I1U133 from vise'd  phlegm.  The average young man's hopes  aro raised more often than lus salary.  of their original state is lost The mass  J"'?,'' ���.,m      .  is well inHed with grease and served ,   1,L0   Z *^ ����"<�������� sensation  hot. u  Wiought that perhaps his smok-  Grcase plays nn Important part In all wah'u Tnd h���^"0"1'1*, l�� d��  the "mean ship" dishes. Another stand- Kvcd Tbengal In i'^T T  nnl item on the bill of fare of these Led C>d�� Kidn y Pdlf ' ' h��  ab.ps is "topgallant-tea." It Is served This remedy he found to bo a corn-  to the men lu tbe dog watches, and the |plete and absolute cure for his mal-  As Farmoloo's Tecotiblo Pilli cont.tin man.  (traits and djutiohoa, thoycarolituruul LiiluoT  tomrltiuita �� nh unerring cortninlj. limy al' 0  contain roots alitl herbs which havo snociiii!  vtrtuos truly tjontlcrfiU iu thoir action on tho  jtoniiich and hon els. Mr. E. A. Cairncro^s.  ShakcsiMiire, -.vritLt:���"I considor Parmoleti't,  Tills nn csLolIrnb roinodj for hflionsners and  flora nitcnirtit cl tlio li\ or, hat me usod thotn my.  self for bomo tmio."  It is hanl to bring either a prizefighter ot a bald-headed man to tho  scratch  How's, This?  ^���0��OT^0.H,,n<:!.rc** Dollars Rewam  or  ..u,  u.u   upiuuni-^HM    llltvo   ktlo-tn   F    J.  ���5!J0J'i *?r tho ,1'>,t " 5'c''>r*) "��>��� ''ehovo hi.i  roriccly lioi'or.ib 9111 till busmtiss trniibnctti n"  sSiSr&��� ^to eii"y om ��* ob;'��u''"'  or-wf-n-v> -. W-'ol-saloB-ntfrNts. Toledo,  H ill's Chmr./i Curo is ta'rea intorn.-tllv. net,  li*'I,-iiftc'lvufonfnililooSaodTiuimtis"..rh?cps  Slld-���;t,'1_?m,TJ.,j;,Cu ���'�����,PS* b0-ll��-  fc'->'JU?  11   t18,'1"', ���_  'ir>onia__.<-(").  Uull'j Kuudy I'JIb nc; ti.,1 b/j,t.  Minard's LiniEGnt Cnres Burns, Etc.  It is funny that the peoplo whom  society has thrown overboard are  not m tho swim  The man who marries a spiritualist generally only gets a mpdium  wife  It is unfair.to say that your wife  is given to incendiary speeches uist  Uscaiisr- she a&ks A-ou to got up m  the morning to mal_e tho fires  Sly creed is very simple���that good-  ���o-s ir  the only reality���Ilncuson.         \  illoway & Cliampioii  BANKERS AND BROKERS  .    ,       ,        WINMPEG. (  Writo to us for pricos| of SOKIP,  Get our lArt of Lands. '  Stocks and Bonds Bought and Sold.  ^ Wo can furnhJi tho exact amount of  Scrip for any payment on Dominion  l/juds,   Do not pjy cash.  SHORT ROUTE    FAST. TIME.'flI? m w��$  TO  /      l'EST.BULETRAIKS  Throuffh dining and sleeping   cars  to represent us   a  pointiug agents.  Some to lr.i-.el, oth  on for local worL.  Rapid   promotior  -,   ,        , nndincreaso of bil-  nry. itic.-il employment, cow biilhantlmso:  best pl.in3; old established Foueo.  Jl.adtLU-Ganct'tm Co , IW, Jliantford, On'.  SLOP A WEEK  B0J7A FIDE SALARY  70  miWfiVIPEG'  With close connection for Chicago  and  all points  iq  Ontt.no, QucbcD, Maritime Trovinccs  raotern and Western States  and  Pacific  Const.  I'or Further    jmiormau on   apply to  any Canadian Northern Agent  _Wlnnlpo;. City TicU_,_Telr__r_iph a��d ^"l-h!  ' T^pk,181 Mni��tiEr   ��"W' H* S��AW,   " " "  -   ' f  ���  Tnillio Mnnncor'  E!__S_fflBffla_mB__8SB_BB��.���_  SO Kinds fer 5>��o/  I'iiafiFttlntt'tlm'aviMicMlilcanilflancr  R-i'iU .ue Itiiiiitltn lniMi, -riL'iis  I anil o 1 t.ioro 1 inns Hi iiinny oilier  InAinertii    'lliLtDbuj'oiiftiriiil'i  HotTOiinii.loporjtcoTri: tottcrcafur  tlloiirotliit.tioi_o_ our |i]Oiu...Hilh Jn  ordT to intlii'O jolllotrytliotu  up mil c ti cfoUotilni; OUI'lLL-  etleulci!oiii.r: ijjbim  Foi<2t> Cento Postpaid/M  SOMnTinrHriHlluHc'iiusraillHliee. V0&  l.liiiiii.alllfiritiaH'rsliueluiiif *\u-tA  11) >oru yluni'iiH luii.ct'iri,,   .  -i lief rlpti litttee tat-klJ��^  I_n|ilinil,d lierlftirl,,  03 6��i-���i uuily Lmi'tlftil Oo-nirsiZiM,  Inntt iro Umls iioMtltolyfnmlsliln-  Miilidn of  tliiiiiii,IL- iloMirn nui  lOl.  -Illlt loll Ot  tllOlld   .l.|.i'tfl|il|S  towilur will' om- nut tiieiiosi,o  tiiniiKiill iilwitt Itointo audita  Oat anil Jit-omits unit tojicIL:, onion  ��.c.'_'.' u*,'*)': ���> l��Ju"'l. t-o.. HI tor  A.OC. tn Cituutllttn b.atupe,  JOHN ArSALZER SEEI)"CO  La Cro:sc, Wis  CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY JE��FR��B0D�� w  -    TIMETABLE ��l".!g"^>'  recipe  for  mailing  It  is this: Three  times a  week weak tea, made ftoin  fresh tea leaves, 1- served.   The leaves  nre  saved  and   mixed   with  the  tea  leaves from the captain's table.  Blown  suq;.tr or molasses Is added, ami fiom  the nilxtnio Is niade a decoction which  Is soived four days In the week and  which the sttllors coll "topgallant tea."  "Cow jlpper" is n common dish on  all "mean ships."   It Is made by boll-  lug beef bones for s!\ or set en hours  with all the scraps left over fiom former meals.   Tho broth so obtained ls  well seasoned with salt and served out.  Another dish Is "jumping jenny,','sometimes called "double belt pie," fiom  tho fact that the sailor has to take In  a couple of holes in his belt after eating it in order to stay him until the  next meal.   It Is the result of a week's  leavings from the cabin table mixed  with six or eight ship's biscuits and  half an onion.   I,t is not at all a nice  dish, and a sailor with epicurean tastes  always makes a row when the cook  ken es It.  On some of tho "western ocean"  tramps a dish 13 served known to the  sailors as "hide stew," and the toughest old salt lhat ever was drunk on  shore or mutinous at sea is subdued by  ! II* to <i state of lamblike docility, for It  is ture to double him up with Indigestion and make him think of the hereafter. It Is made from a collection of  the skins of c erything ��� pigs, potatoes, fotvl (fiom the captain's table),  bacon rind and woll picked chicken  legs. This Is boiled for six hours and  plenty of thick gieuse added.  The captain of a  "mean ship" always sa.vs, of course, ii-at his men are  well fed and that thoy only growl and  giumblo because the.v are* a bad, un-  ftiateful  lot of  abandoned  wretches  In proof of it he will tell you that lie  gives them plum duff twice a week.  The duff bo gitos them Is known to the  sallots as "bowline duff."   It Is made  fiom the scrapings of pudding cloths  tbat once hold tho puddings, consumed  In port���when the captain gave his men  real duff, so that thoy might not know  thiit  they  had  bhipped  on  a   "mean  ship" and make a "pieihead jump" for  libeit/.     These   scrapings   aie   made  bulky with biscuit paste and flavored  with   dotes.    "Bowline duff"  is  tho  least unpopular of all the dishes ou the  bill of faio of tho "mean ship," and Its  actual cost Is _! cents for every threo  men.  adj, and vory soon after commencing its use, tho pain began to leave  hiin and now ho is .strong and well.  'J ha1 such an extreme case should  yield so easily and quickly proves  that Dodd's Kidney Pills AV 11 Cure  anv tase of .Rheumatism  \ niau-ied manjsn't necessarily a  iretcules Utiiuse he's fond of his  club Xor is he an Atlas Ucausc he  camos a heavy load  firiLIiIIOOI) INDIGESTION.  Of'.en Leads to Serious trouble Unit". Prompt Stops Ate Taken to  Check it���How Tins' Can Bist Be  [lone  Sdtilt Sto. Mario, Owon Somid, Toronto nnd l_nst un I.alo-i, Monday, Thursday and fiutimiuy,.. .  ���  Tupi.1 Fri., nud Gun     ... ,  Hontroul, Toronto .Sow Yorlt and  Juist. via till rnil, dally   Bat I'ortaiN uiidiulcrmtsdiato ooluia  ���  uaily,   Jtolson, Lno du Bonnet and intornity  dialoiitilutn.Tburs.ouly   rorttiKo lu l'rairio.Ilrnndoii,Co_B.irj.  Jiolson niul till Kootenay nnd  Ml const polnli,. daily     .. .  rorttmo lit I'riurif, Uruuiltm ami in-  Btiudn P��"UB d"'Jy C5*CCI'*  OW'itono.lJMVa^StaiieioN.'tiiH.  buntto^1"10 P�� 'dally (acej't  m^',J^���^*o��i'>in'nn���V'���;lVoV��������������|���.  ^pda5-rfer&",,'i',l<,'T!'-  Hon. Wed..aud I'rL",'.'.'.'.'."."  StPS'l inIno and Intermix!)...;;  w. po llts_!"r o��-��l>t Sunday....  1 Hmta^"1'1 nll(1 i��tern,��lVnto  Edin    y0XCC1,t Bund"y viu  'I'lt'os. Tlmr.'.andsit/,'".'   Glonlioro, Somis nml ia^mixliaio  Doiuts. daily taoopt SuXJT..  ftvt��Aft��r���-'���*  ���vau,Tuos,,Thui!,:,S3at."vmT]raUd  *aJfil^^ifi', ?;{'������viu Braiidoo!!  Bnitim.bt Paul Chit'.iBo,daily ....  Wtttbcli.ilt, Mon., Wed. ondSH.  Btonownl). TttUon, Toot,., Thar.. Hot  ^WtLBONAlTB,   LV 1 AH.  10.00 I  10.13  10.30  7 30 22.X  ���ho plants poods of   any   . ..ind.Oitlior in tho homo oi  markot cardon, T,ii_"ocur�� tho host results from  *SEEDS  from J. M, PERKINS, Scotlsmun,2L:o.Miirl.-ot St.   WINNIPEG,  1002 Stxid .Vunual froo.  ���22.X      COOKER&ff  Boll tromliaoot,, ftr.00. (lm!o of  uailtir iat.1 Nu Hiili. to ru>t or  leak. Ciiti'tlilow u|i Giiarantcnttc  CAole 2.1 tiu. _ccd In 11 liuurs, nl tl tn  lirattratnrln stock tnnltn OLmcel  a����y. Wllllirnttlnlryrooinh Cub  alOKUtl Mill prlCL-H liiallixl IlX'L'.  f~J BIPPtET KtRDWME CO,, Dm 350  __,(Uut,i_.iV,ui_ii.a,iii) tonoon.Ont  The Spoiled Child.  Once upon a time a young kingfisher  went to the father blid and asked for  his lishiug rod, that he might catch  "some choice tiout he had seen In a  nearby stream.  "No!" answered the stern patent  The young bird went his way and in  an hour returned dripping wet, saying  that  he  had  tried  to catch  he  flsh I    'v <->>-"t"-^��'iiit<  without a polo aud had fallea into the Il,mt ���r ,lllVlJ n"'��  ������*-- Innnljsis    of    Uabj '���*    Own Tablets,  Indigestion    13 .a    trouble that is  veiy  common  in     infancy and  early  childhood,  and  unless  prompt measures are taken  to control it the result is very often   senous    lt    prevents tho proper growth of the child  and   weakens   tho   constitution,   so  that he 11 unablo to resist other disease that are more dangerous.   For-  tnnatelj, however, the trpitble is one  that  is   easily   controlled,     rroper  tood���not t'oo   much, but altpolutely  pure���plenty of fresh air and 13aby's  Own Tablets, freely administered ac-  cordme to tho directions, will soon  put the    sufferer    right, and    make  both mother anil child happy    Mrs.  \V. E   l.assam, of Kingston, bnt , is  one  of the many motheis    wjno has  proved  the tiuth of  this statement  She sn.\s      "When my little girl Mas  about tluco months old she had  indigestion icr.v Urdly    She wns vomiting nntl hnd diarrhoea almost ctm-  stuiiM.     She was very thin, vvcfhet.  onlv  fom   pounds,  and nlthuueii shu  hat!  a   ratonotis    appetite   1 ?������  food  did  ler  no  good  whate-er    1     had  tried seveial medicines,  b'tt li.ey  did  not h> lp her    Then 1 hoatd of jl.ibv s  Own Tablets,  .u.d    piocu-d  a.  ' �����?  Afi t giving her    the tablets    for a  fe-.v  dn\s,     the    vomiting and  dinr-  ihot'ft cea.scd,   she began 10 nnpiove  at ont-i and gtew plump and rat    I  ulwtivs g've    her    the     tablets nov,  v.lio'1 she is adnm and  the tesult  is  alwa.\s good     IUby's  Own    Tablets  ���ire    the  best    niediuiio 1 h.i\e ever  us.'d for a child "  The"-' tablets will prcmptlv uue  all the minor ailmentt, of little ones,,  s tch ius sour stoiiuuh, lndiyes-tion,  coin, consli|��ilion, allay the irritation 'accompanj mg the cutting of  leHli7elc Ihey .ue good for children of all ages, and ciuslud to a  powtier or dissolved 111 water can be  given   with   absolute   safety   to    the  xpuiige��t_iiifnnt, Tt_> oti_tannot_ob--  tntn Baby's Own Tablets at yo'ir  tlrug^-ists, thoy will be t>cnt postpaid  nt 2,"i cents a box bv addressing too  Dr Williams' Medicine Co, Diock-  ville, Ont.  \ CUAltAN'lEl"!*-"! hereby ccrlifv  i careful chemical  Are you a weakling:? Are you one of those unfortunate  young men who, through ignorance and bad company; have  contracted nervous spells, weak back, varicocele, gloomy  forebodings, loss of courage"and ambition, loss of confidence,'  bashfulness, despondency and weakness ? Dr. McLaughlin's  Electric Belt will cure you. "  Are you a middle aged man suffering from varicocele  prematureness, indigestion, constipation, rheumatism, lame  back, etc. ?    Dr. McLaughlin's Electric Belt will cure you ?  Are you an old man, declining before your time, having  lost  all  ability  to enjoy  life,   with  prostatic  trouble,   los"t  ������strength,   debility,  pains and aches,  and  general  decay of'  organic powers,?    I  can cure  you with   Dr.   McLaughlin's  Electric Belt with free suspensory for weak men.  I will send you, sealed, free, my beautiful book telling  about it if you will send this ad.    Send for it" to-day.  I DR.M  v   Mtiiuxrnii an     13�� Vonffo Street,    ,  a    IIVII>i#I.j?1_UiUr_l-LIH} TORONTO, ONT.  Office Hours-9 A.M. to 8.30 P.M.  coeooeoo��ooeo��ecooeeeae��oe  LIMITED,      HULi  9 CANADA.        '  ��  9  is  9  9  ��  One ounce of Sunlight Soap is worth more than  Tsvo ounces ot impure soap.  REDUCES  EXPENSE  ^���^-S��^-*K^3ta8_r  .amnio of   Snnhgat Soap   will bo sent you free of cost.  a   trirl  water.  "There!" said the mother bird to the  father. "I know you would spoil the  child if you spared the rod."  Moral.���The mother can nlway And  n wny to place blame 0u the father, ,10  matter what happens.  Fools- mnJ_e fashions and wise men  follow them. '  Moil.  Icadt 1 s,  7,50  14.10  18.50  men,   instead of being born  nro followers���of women.  Lust jear the'sale of agi'iciiltimil  machinery 111 Grocco was four-fold  that of tho previous year.  whitli 1 pcihonnlly purchnkrs 111 a  drug stoic in Montreal My analysis  lias proved that the Tablets contain  absolutely no opiate or naicotic:  that they can be given with perft-'ct  .safetv'to the .Miimgcst infant that  they aio a safe tint efficient medicine  for the troubles they are indicated  to relieve nntl curt'."  (Signed.  MILTON L. IICItSDY. Jf.A.Rc ,  I'rovinciul  Aittilj -L  for  Qu'obec.  Montreal, Dec.  III.  1901  The man ttIUi fringe about tho  bottom of his trousers has a poetical look. . f  12,10  7..0  I..SC  13.'i3  10.0C  Some people go abroad to complete their education and somo to  begin it  It's a pity'the averago man docs  not loso his tongue when he loses  his head * ,  ���_   '  ' 1 .  Losers aro always in tho wrong  Sozodont  A woman njver    puts   off till tomorrow what she can wear today.  <ioa Univ.  When a young,man calls on*-a girl,  iSKlwc* sl'e says snc fcols a* " she had  ��� -- ���������">��� nlu^been up lato the night before,  it   is  <-" li- Uefiimsosr tlmei for him to  trot along toward  t-oa ima. 4rt  home. , '    '  Good for Bad Teeth  " Mot Bad for Good Teeth  1- 3  Soiodont Liquid 25c T-anje Liquid mid Ptm-dcr tuc All  <tcna or byratil lor the price.   Sample lor postage 30  LA fa & RUCKEL.    New York.  MINARD'S LINIMENT for Ui Wmn.  Tlio , photographers' show - cases  where,couples are quite takoi with  each other  Monltoj Brand cleans and brightens overy-  **"'ng, but won't v ash clothes.  \ million dollars a week is the cost  of the; United, States army.  ' tt Is only necossnry to rend tho toitimonlnl*  to bo convinced tint Ho lo��n>'s Cum Cnre is  npcqnnllod for tho romo\nl of cores, flirts, etc  lt is a complo.o oxtm^cishor,  Never quit certainty for hope.  W HASUM LAND ^^0 [^IVESTtoT GO  LANDS FOR SALE IN ASSINIBOM, SOUTH OF INDIA.. HEAD  WE HAVE FOB -ALE IH THIS BlSTP.nr y.^p, ���,���.'" "i���"''*D'  J WO HUNDRfc.. THOUSAND ACRES  �����g .he last seven ,JZ. Ml, "Z'      ge'v .iid "0?S "^ **'-" J1"'-  disl.iet  tnhe,   i��� (>nIllu|a or the United St-it/sW    u ���    W  "y ��Uu'r  ing can be eondiiclod more s.u'olv  i     ih.id siiic ',   ,J,",L ��''*'" Sr����'-  of sun,   ivturns   tl,i,���   ,���  un*  Vthir i is   ,?t �� ,���        .    W'-h a cm,ll��<--r  Whon  .f,s coiisitlced that     " a ven g     w hZ�� 7^   " *?OT{V  States  ,s L1*S THAN roUHTl5i��  BPSMIlli to Tl 1F  vrn    n  ^'^  and (hat  ��|,ttll  hll, aVinw��� rwoXTy-Nliji B USriPLS TOTIp'S  m tins tliMriet,  mo value of it  as a Mhwi-Rr,,    ,1L   ,^frlii    l��   ni  mamtest      Seviinl furmcjs n��n,i0 His.i,.-., . K  ,llslril1    '*���   <xl once  We lnue sold about ONU llUNDKEU  TIlOlTs.'vn   i->i>r>��  1st of October,  1001. mostly to A.ncriran fa.mVrs       r. 'nC��  U,��  poitimitv for un, ono tM'hi.ig to   -pi "h ' t l' ��� /        I8,,a, Kr,��aL ��"-  ii free from enrlv fro>t :    ��tao    On      v   1 ' - "        "'    "  "��h  well  ��..���pi,ed   with   UAUAVAY  UciIITIlk ?'   "'"'   *hl0h  ,S  porr'rnr m^n 1,Ia" umps' otc    sB�����n land at okcb be-  i'Ul.l.   nil. ltlSR.   Our pritts nro from    r.<i nn  i���    ir An        ^"^"t uu-  BASY T11KUS of pnvmeiit. . ��  '��   ?(> ���� an  <lcr0'   wil-h  THE HASUWUND AND INVESTMENT CO., FORUM BLOCK, WINNIPEG  Man is never satisfied. Just when  he hns acquired enough monev to're-  tiro on h.i joins another lodge.-  It is said that a St.' Paul g"'rl re-  ctntly pravod for a husband, but,'  then, most St. Paul husbands need  praymi; for.  No sooner docs one physician discover -oiiie now disease thnn all the  oth.r-. try to suppress it.  A good  company.  companion    makes    geod,  -W.^N. U. No. 360."  .  <"'U  '���)  ..-i.'J. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY __*E_BRUATtY'S2, 1902  89  $3.50 5I10ES  ������  Hero's n !?2.50 Shoo from our  sLorc that will certainly bring reliof  tn many overtaxed purses.  Most dealers would ask more  money for our $2.50 shoo, but we are  tU'lermined to soil the host for the  money: all new styles; all sizes.  W. J�� ��BR* 420-422 Westminster Ave  TUB HOT All*  SOCIETY.  Holds Its Meeliti'ts ltegularly���Election  ot' Oilieers.  Harricon Hot Springs during these  winter days Is not particularly crowded withiv-kotor*. although all who know  the merits or'their bottling waters avail  themselves at any time of tho year. At  present there tue about -��� visitors. So  when the ruin.-; diwcend and out-of-door  exoivl>-e !.- suspended, t'itey enjoy themselves by holdlne. d.illy meetings of  wh.it is known as "'Phe Ancient Oidwr  Knowdell & Hodgson  512 GronvillelSt., Vancouver.  lletiiers in  Stoves, Bmigcs. Tinware,  Gi'iiiiik'V.arc, Cnilcrv and  (.eiicrallloiistfiiriiisliiiigs  Prices riglit��Call and see for yourselves.  MAIL ORDERS receive prompt  attention.  and  Accepted   Hot-Air Jiuii-  Is  ���rK^.i^r;^-:;'*-^.^-:-,^-!-;^?;;^;!;^)!-;*^  t  ON HIS ROUNDS.  �� lly II. Wiliin.-iison, of Itte Inttcjienttcnt. 7);  ^i;*M(<>;!.*;i.<5';K'��>-:{<��-i{*;U*;!.*-.{*}K  Aflo:- lc-'iu'Ir.'f Ttwi-istoke 1 stopped at  Nnlkusp, situated on the side of a hill  ovi'Iooking Uj/per Anew hike. Coming  along the k-lke ymi \tilni--?s ideal spots  and grand seiner/. -U _T.tltusp are a.  snw mill im.l taelo-.y; tlie s." P. R. yard  ���ami quili- it boat !.'ii'!t.i;i5 Ir.d'.sfry.  'The hot ��;>:-in;s are in mediately in the  rent- of the tcun, and are a "rent attraction. The iendmr- .unel vt ^lucu.ip  is the Ur.uKt, .iiiti it is all its npiiie implies in every n..--pc-jt. T'.'.e Gictud -was-  the only houric ihore th.'t ret used Lo  harhor "il-ita" during the bite C. V.  It. strike. It i.;, nhcivrort., v.ortliy of  flip lkilroungu i/f rj.h\-,t\iiK-t-. ,tikl inln-  ���oivs, as well ns r>ihei.s. I3y heli>::ig those  who 'have iii'led us in time or mr.il i.-,  the only way in v. nien wo can tit all  show our apprccl.i.tiGn of wcll-dcservcd  sutsoort.  At Rmndon 1 mot firor. Mo-Adam, of  the Pnyslre.-ik, the ipo-uiL-i- an.l widc-  ,���, ,'iivitikei nev.ppciiper ot" this place.  Tl'houg'li rartic.il to the core it U tempered Willi'I10S.S sense in its ititljranrc*  on all pmblic questions. It Is pnn'ted  on hlue p-ipor and In eveiy other way  dilTorent fiom ino=t .p.ipers 1 know ol  Tlt-e A'lnei'iean Boy and the- Last  Chance mines .tie .iihout four miles dls-  ���t.uit. _\l the^j p!i>eO_i I \\ '-; reccivctl  i-ipjht royally by 't!-c 'boj-", who tp-A-e  ine lots of encouragement on my mission. Mining her. is very titiict, and  it makes tilings doubly worse when you  Jrtiow  thnt  ^iieie is  no otlier industry  lo help things cu't lii f'fcoe of ft I'1'"-  pcirttry niinjr.jj de.pit_s5ldii. In In V  oj>inion t'iie trouble i.s one which could  easily be gotten over were 11 good competent government in .power in tliis  province. Mine owners aie complaining of the unsettled ft-d/te ot affairs,  and also . the extremely low price of  lead and silver. T_ea_l brings only $1.1-  to $1.25 .per c\\ t., wliich can readily  be seen is z.n extremely low price. Ten  or twelve j-ears nso it fetched on tlio  Ijondon'market over J I. T was struck  with Uhe number of rich mines heie-  ai1>outs. The surrounding mountain.';  are'full of good p.ij'ing mineral, mil-  yes, ibut���in the llrst place the trouble  is tihat a. linn shlpplrg ore can get a  ���hotter pi ice for it at Everett than can  <be got at the threshold of the mine  in his prcwini-e. Duty 'is charged to  send it across tihe line. "Something is  rotten jiTtlieTstnlttrof DennTai-k''"tb"liI-  low of this deplorable condition In our  great mining indusfy. Annilicr Idea  occurring to me is the fact that litis  ore, thus shipped to the States out of  ���British Columbia, for the lnagnitlceiit  atveraig; iprice of $1.20, is there relined  and converted into whito �� nd red lead.  The Americans get the full benefit ol'  thin woi'k. Ibssldug the excessive duty.  They then .send 'tlhe intimifactureil product hack to us In Vancouver, nud  when wc want to paint our houses and  fences we must ipay anywhere between  $15 and JM for the very material which  i_i��8 been dug out of our own mines.  Uncle Stun thus gets from tl2_'lo $1S'a  cwt. for doing this work for us. The  province needs badly a government-  owned refinery as well tis a lead factory. Then where now only a few hundred mien would be employed, thero  would be many thousands, the province  would go forward with leaps si'iul  *��unds, end people who now are Ion J  in their ipraises of the Klondike and  (Bio Horse Fly would gradually drop  out of slgfot. It Is a crying sdiame the  way this splendid district is handicapped.  New DenJver is a town on the .Siocan  Sake, where I "visited the Bosun mine.  Here I found the same prevailing sad  conditions���mines everywhere and not  a bit of "use. This mine is running, but  it ia only "half-manned, and the resalt  is quite visible all over tlie town. The  people here a. everywhere in this country are very hospitable, and you are  Immediately made rls'lit nt home. 01  course', 1 called on tiie I-edge. I find  that it Is the custom" heie rot' tourists  to simultaneously call on this enterprising pa.per and the hotel. We exchanged gre?tings, and the result is  {iha't you will receive the Lcd^e in fu-i  of   Ki-  mors." Tin.-, Impiiruint institution  pic-tided over by .1 genial Yankee  the name or I'cbt. Wylie. How  fought his way 'to that !iiffh iposltl  Is this wise. He wiho would preside  over the Hot-Air Jan.mers must ha  rom/tneer of the first waiter. About two  weeks ago the society wns in session  and one of ihe members was telling  aibout slaying a grizzly bom- with pickaxe handle, when Wylie dropped in.  "Speaking of hunting," said he, "when  I was in Fresno County, Cal., I attended at a rnJhblt run where we despatched 27,000 rabbits in one daj". Tlie re  wasn't nuioli wind blowing, but hair  was Hying in ithe a'lr for two days."  Without more ado the presidency was  his. He nils the position wlt.1i becoming d'ignitj*. But bright days will soon  ibe here again and then the crowds will  come and the festive trout will have a  hot 'time evading the deceiving liy, and  who stories of the size of'the trout they  almost landed will be told, and 13ob  will wink the other eye and he'll 'be in  it.  But these aire tbut a few of 'the at-  ti-a'ctions of t'.i'is ibrauitit'ul spot, lli-IUsh  Columbia and Vancouver in particular  ought tO l>e pleased at httiving wjioh a  dei'liflufwl ivai)lta''.ium -within' syjli a  shout- distance,  .'.ire.  Silvcrton is nnotilici' live mining town,  i. e., the people 1110 li\oly ojid very  .sanguine of tie prospects of 'the plae.1  Tlie Hewitt mine is among the lbe;t  here. At .present business is dull, but  there Is no doubt that things will again  come up till right as they musL do all  over this ibest part of the province  Since coming heie word has arrived  tli.it a, snow slide has taken place near  Sandon, between the I^tst Chance and  Amoilcan Boj- mines and the Noble  Five mine, lt has also baen stated that  three men .were buried beneath the awful avalanche, A comparatively small  slide took place two ami a half miles  from here. 1 went up to see it. The  snow was piled 50 feet deep and one  blojlt in width.  Siocan City, Feb. IS.���l'am forwarding you a report of municipal affairs  in this bright and prosperous city. The  late election was held on the 10th of  last month. It was a contest between  the Miners' Union, on the one hand,  and the hotel and business Interests  911 the other. T.he miners had resolved  that tlie laws must be enforced closing  .till bars on Saturday nights at 12  o'clock and on Sunday. Many in this  Province held that union men favor  everything being run wide-open. This  is a mistake. The reform movement  was started by members of the union,  and the church people assisted them in  their endeavors. Mr. Jjradshaw was  the miners' candidate for the mayoralty, while the Mayor, Mr. York, was  his opponent. The election was the  hottest ever held here. The mlneis  standard-bearer, however, won the day  in the cause ot right and ju.stice, without fear or favor to none. But the  opposing forces did all in their power  to beat down the party of reform. Tney  even went so far as to bring a colored  woman of questionable repute to -.lie  poll to vote; but, as Iuck.would hare it,  thelr.scheme was.thwwted For_when  the would-be female voter wns challenged by the scrutineer,-it wa-s found  ���that she wns not a citizen, -and consequently was not allowed to vote. The  result of the fight should be an eye-  opener to those who think that the  workingmen can't rise lo the occasion  when It becomes necessary. When the  ballots jvere counted, 1t was found that  the miners had elected their full ticket.  Since then a protest had been lodged  against Mayor Bradshaw, hut none or  his active opponents made It. This dirty work was left to, 11 colored barber,  who was persuaded to make the com-  iplnlnt. When he was approached upon  the matter It vvas learned from him  that his "boss," as he called him, was  one of tho most prominent men here.  The gentleman of color said that he  would consult the men behind hlni,  whereupon Mayor Brad��haw resigned  the po&tmcAterehip upon the advice of  the nlspeetor. Mr. Brodsfnaw had held  that position for five years, 'but Just as  soon as he became mayor there were  so many reports entered against him  ithat ithe government sent the inspector  ���to make enquiries, with the aforementioned result  Advertise in The Independent.  CAPITALISTS A'ND LABOU.  Laborers 'Use tools 'they do not own;  CaipLtalists own tools they do not use.  Laborers .produce wealth they do njt  own; capitalists own wealth they ha.ve  not produced.  Laboreis toil and mako capitalists  i-ioh; capitalists remain idle and keep  laborers poor.  Labor is exploited; capitalists are exploiters. Laborers are numerous; capitalists are  lew.  Laborers form a political party for  whioh capitalists will not iviote; capitalists form a ipolitictil'party for which  laborers always vote.  Lalboiers a.re controlled by governments t'hat are always controlled by  ca.pitalists.  Laboiers are those who earn an lion  est living by the use of either mind or  muscle; capitalists are idlers who prey  upon those who toll by collecting lents,  interest and  profits.  'NEWS FllO.U THE XORTII.  Rabbits are still being caught In great  numbers in the Klondike, one man hav  ins taken nearly TOO already this Win  ter, selling tlieni at 2j cents each, at  which price-, iTOWevor, they do not, In  such a country as this, affoid any great  loturn to the taker.  In legard to the rumored holding of  mining properties by Government employees, Governor Ross recently stated to a representative of the Dawson  "News" that while there may be indefinite reports afloat as to such instances, they will accomplish nothing,  hut that if the matter be brought to  his attention and specilie cases pointed out, all such will promptly receive  his attention.  The season of Ice-harvesting in Dawson is opening, and everywhere those  i\ho will have need of the commodity  in Summer, or who deal in it as a business, are busily arranging to begin  cutting within a short time. Many  hundreds, if not thousands of tons will  be_fcut_and_pnoked_ror_u_se_.   It is, however, anything but easy to  find all the good lee wanted this season in reasonable reach ot the city.  The health laws make lt prohibitory to  cut Ice from the streams ot the vicinity  anywhere except on the Yukon above  the mouth of the Klondike, the waters  nearer many habitations being liable  to pollution, rendeilng the ice there  found dangerous of use.  MaBtodon remains are constantly being dug up In all parts of this country.  The latest Is said to be a tooth, which  was dug up the other day on No. 3 below on Hunker, and which Is now in  I ossesslon of Mr. E. 13. Cuiiney, tho  mnn In charge or the claim. The tooth  measures twelve inches from the end  of the fangs to the crown.  Territorial Enclneer Tlilbedeau states  that if the Ottawa Government  makes the recommended allowance for  the trail between Dawson and White  Horse the complete work of surveying  nnd building the trail can be finished  by the time the snow falls next Autumn, and 'that then traffle will be enabled to move over the route without  interruption at any point.  "If the recommendation be granted  I Intend to do all the surveying of the  route," 'says Mr. Thibedeau,  "with a  crew of men whom I shall personally  head. I shall go from end to end of  the trail, and feel that there wall be  ample time to do tho surveying nnd  complete tho trail. It will not be for  several weeks at the best that the surveying will be necessary, and perhaps  not until after the snow has disappeared." The trail should, if built as sug-  gLSted from tho .two points of travel,  piove of great service.  CANADA'S RAILWAYS.    .  The annual report of the Department  of Hallways and Canals was distributed  the other dny at Ottawa. The number  of completed miles uf railway In Canada on Jane 30th, 1901, was IS,231, Mt  increase of ��3S miles, besides 2,710 miles  of sidings. The number of miles In  operation wns 1S.110. The paid-up  capital amounted to $1.0-12,7S3,533. an  increase of ?jl,59S,S9;i. The gross earnings amounted to $72,S9S,749, an Increase  of $2,tiU_,;��t;, and the working expenses  aggregated $30,!!6S,72G, an increase of  $2,9S7,0:.7, compared with the iprtn-ious  year, leaving the net earnings $22,530,-  C2.1, a decrease of $292,642. ���  The number of passengers carried was  1S,;ISJ,722, an increase of 1,_>S1,379. There  was an Increase in tlie rrelght traffic of  1__.SG1.149 tons. The total number of  miles run by trains wus 53,319,391, an increase of $727,780. The accident returns  show 16 passengers kill��d.  The gross earnings.of the Government  roads for the past fiscal year amounted  to $3,213,3S1, and compared with those  of tho preceding year, show an increttse  of $439,219. The gross wonklng expenses  amounted to ?5,939,03], an Increase of $1,-  073.S23. The net loss on the operation  of the year was $523,070. The Intercolonial gave a loss or ?4SS,1S6. the Windsor branch gave a profit of $30,399, and  the Prince Edward a loss or 3C7.SS2.  These figures include the Irental of  $140,000 for the extension of t'he Intercolonial to Montreal.  The number of passengers carried by  the Intercolonial was 2,025.7293, an increase of 233,512; tons of freight, 2,110,-  310, a decrease of 39.S9S tons. The  through freight Increased 40,559 tons,  and the total freight decreased S0.237  tons.  There is a lengthj* report from Mr. J.  S. O'Dwyer, dealing'with a feasible  route to the Yukon. He says that a  line can be built and equipped froai  Edmonton, via Teslin Lake, to AVhite  Horse, for $13,520,000, and from Fort  Simpson to the same point, via Teslin,  for $34,110,000.  The high estimate of the cost of  constructing either railroad seems to  put .both projects out of the question,  especially as, although a much longer  profitable life of Yukon mining see.-ns  to be assured than .was once thought  probable, there is oven now no certainty  or a longer era of large productivity  than perhaps twenty years, several  years of w-nlch period would be occupied  by railroad construction.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  Gold Seal Canadian Eye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, SOc bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  The Mint  Is tlie new saloon at the corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets. Case  goods are the best, and the prices O. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 74(i Pender street.  The Mint.  Is located at tlio corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. The bottled goods ure  nil (irst-class and tho prices right for  every ono.   Seattle Rainier beer,5cents.  When you want to hire a flrat-claaa  horse and buKgy, go to the Palaoe  livery stables.  Telephone 126.  Telephone 1���2���0 for a flue .livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Drink Red Cross Beer, the beer that's  pure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, 60c bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  C. Ellis, corner Cambie and Cordova streets, is the place you can get  your hair cut in an artistic manner.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���-"the  builder up of the weak'.'���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Ponder street.  ���  % YOU'LL NEE�� MEAT  # 66  Before long how. "The best heaters made ���  ���the cheapest to buj- and the most eco- ���  nomical to use are the ���  99   AIR-TIGHTS AND     %  BASE   BURNERS.      J  made' by tho McClary Mfg. Co. ���  A  , 126 Hastings St.  SOLE AGENT  McLennan,  McFeely & ���o<  TOHOUSJSALB AND   RETAIL   DEALERS   IN  F. O.  E.���VANCOUVER. AjEKiIE, No. G.  meets   Wednesday    evenings;   visiting  brethren welcome.  Bert Robinson, ,W. P.;  Grey Uro, W. 8., Arcade.  Sliclf ami Heavy  are  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  NEW SPRING CLOTHING  Smart garments, every one of them, rin worsteds, tweeds, serges,  I etc.  .Made and trimmed in the very best style of the tailoring art.  Over W.0C0 dn the -very best material and latest styles to choose  from, making the most complete line of fine spring clothing ��vir  I shown on this coast. ' '   ,  We have your exact size in Just the cloth and style you like best.  You ought .to see dt. ,  JOHNSTON, KERF0��T ���� CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street. -/  Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., 0|_|>. Wm, Ralph's.  s_aaaM_ra___ffiwi_M_a^^  KELLY, ����UCbLASv& CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,, -' VaiTcuuvorv-B. 0.  ''   \^W Headquarters for  Domestic and' Im- J'  Jjcrted Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  iftBS  "Tho Real Thing," and just arrived  direct from Florida.  These Palms aro an exceptionally handsome ornament���are guaranteed never to  turn yellow  or die���need 'but little  e.aio*  Wo have tliem all tho wny from 2 feet  to 10 feet high, at from 35 conts to >}~S3  each.  Thoy give a charming tropical effect,  and arc very much In vogue Just now.  Come in and seo them.  Eg. 0. S5JCHANAN if* C��.  CllOCKHKY ASD 1IOUSK rUKMSllIXGS,  Telephone 9-1-5. '109 Hustings Street.  ����������������� ���������-<>����� ������������<>>���-*���  <>���'���- -l  ^ Wishing the 1  J * Citizens of Vancouver Y  ��� a Prosperous     ' Y.  New Year_^> . 9  .���we ngnin want it known  tlint  we are still doing business at the  old stand and invite you to make '  us a call.  Get prices, note quality nnd be  I happy for l'J02.  ! FORD'S GROCERY  T    Tel. 728.   25 Hastings St. E.    T  ^�������������������������� ����������������  ���  ' <T_  ;��_, Tlll-further_notice__wo. ���  J, will sell ^  �� %  $ Watches at        |  |,    10 Per Cent. %  9 &  )|r     Less than any advertised pi-Ice A,  'V of any other store In the city.       $  DAVIDSON BROS., |  $ The Jewelers. j  ���^���)K*)f>:*t{^^*:*K^>:*K*)K����H-:  The"  Having tbe Only Up-to-D&to Grill Room  In B. (f. which In itself Is a'g.iarBn!eo  oi a Flrst-Class Hotel and Restaurant. .  Seymour Streeet,  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore falling appetite and'  correct, any kind of stomach trouble.  50 c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co. **  ��AV��Y  THEAIKE  McPONEM.it SiMi'SON  Pioprictors.  ALi: r. James Singe Maunder..  "Week Commencing:  ' - Monday, Next  Artistic and Refined Vaudeville.  tVERY ACT A FEATURE.  Tbe E<sSmoraI":  , . MAKE? A Sl'Iit'lAI.TV OF  ��� o  o   ~ usher's biock Lsnei Liqueur WBiSKStV  ���LAUCE STOCK OF���  IMPORTED AND DOMKSTIC  . Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan &*Co., Trops_.  COBNKR COIIDOVA AND CAI1KALL.  I :   GEO. HAY   : ��  .Jk     Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes     .����  V^     Renovator, nrnkca a suit new.     ^��  ? Dyeing and Repairing. T  A 216 Cambie St., Vancouver. A  ���������������������������������������"  What We  Want  ���Is your first parcel, so as to  conivinco you wiithout a douht  ���that all we say In our advertisements Is' absolutely true.  We know vory well thnt ��tftor  ���we have done one'bun'dlc 'for you  ���you .will never 'be contented  ���with any other laundry.  PBONCEH  Steam Laundry  Piionk 340. 010 - 014 Riotaiwb St  Downtown Okpick, No. 4 Aiicadk.  WHITt  HELP ONLY.  For tho next 30 days you can gat a suit at<  your own price at, ,'  . the; acme  To introduce our now syiitom' of tail��ilx.g !�����-  fore our Fall Stock anivts  i: ftiomb SU'7 '"    C. t-HoiUtiMl, Cutter


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