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The Independent Dec 7, 1901

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 SUBSCRIPTION $1.25 A YEAR  l      iWage-eamera should sub-  [    ��arH*, because this ipaper  la published as tlielr organ.  B. C. PERMANENT LOA^JWD  SAVINGS CO.  Authorized Capital - 110,000,000"'  Subscribed Capital - - J.oOO.OOO **<  Aiseisover ... - soo.ooa  Head Office 321 Cambie Stieet, Vancouver, B. C.  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1901.  NO. 11.  fo  TRADES AND LABOR COWL  Mr. Joltti Crow, President, occupied  Uio chair nit Thursday night's meeting  ,, ot the Trades and L.i4>or Council. Secretory Cross was also In his pla:e.  *Thcrc was a fair attendance ot dMe-  eatea. After disposing of the minutes,  credentials were presented by S. "Walker and J. Salter, oi the Bakers; William  .Elliott, of the -Stevedores; and took  their seats as delegates.  Communications were read: Prom the  thle Kxecutlve of the Friendly Aid Society, requesting the Council to have  representatives appointed to bo present  et a meeting to be held on December  aith, at 3 p. m. Messrs. R. Macpherson and GcoJSge Pound were Bpjpotatlea.  TYoan 33. A. HayttB, President Glass-  Bottle Blowers' Association, Philadelphia, Pa., appealing for assistance to  obtain terms from Mlnotola, New Jersey firms; referred to Ihe Unions.  Tlie Parliamentary Committee report-  ed us follows:  "Your Committor wish to hand in th_  following report: With regard to the  communication submitted to it by the  Council at its last meeting regarding  ilife petition to aanend thte Allen La'bor  Act, from the Toronto Trades and Lalbor Council, your Committee recommends that wc do not endorse tlhe petition, but that we petition to have the  act so amended that it shall be the  -duty of some official appointed by "the  ���Government to see that the Act is en-  ffonoed nit the Government's expense,  upon due representations being made  try Win, fund after he has made inquiries and finds that thbrc is sufficient evidence to proceed and prosecute.  " Tour Committee would 'also recom-  Taend that the following resolution be  passed by this Council:  "Whereas���As .this Council' took the  Initiative in having a Committee formed; comprised of representatives fiom  the City Council and Board of .Trade,  . along -with delegates from this Council,  to" endeavor to luue the False Creek  Slats deeded to the City; and ��� / ,  ."Whereas���This Comuiilttfie 'so*, ap-  $H>fo��ed was partially Instrumental In  fraving the. False- Creek Plats' deeded  ' So this City far the special purpose of  encouraging Industries and small' factories thereon; and      .' '    ,  "Wlhereas���An attempt Is'now being  made to haive the City hand over 10)  acres, more or less, to some Corporation  ftar Its own special use; and  "���WhOMas���Wo are opposed to the  principle of giving away, even before  we;ham}.got possession of said land;  tai.,- Committee was Instructed to look  lni-> this question.  ltegarding the plumbing done ln this  city, it vims reported that tho laws covering the same wero not being carried  out by the City Inspector. The Plumbers' Union was aflWed to look into the  matter and report at the next meeting.  Complaint was made hy the delegates ot the Walters' and Waitresses'  Union that, certain members of Unions  were in tlhe haWt of patronizing non  union and Japanese restaurant* The  President stated that lt was the desire  of the Council to patronize- none but  places entitled to the Union, card.  'The use of <fche hall for the newsboys' banquet, to be given an Ne,v  Year's Eve, was granted.  Memb'ers going aboard boats as passengers were requested to ask to see  the union card of the men working on  the vessel.  FEDERATION OF LABOR.  The American Federation, of Labor  commenced Its 21st annual convention  on Thursday at Scran ton, Pa President Gompers presided, and tlie'largest  number of delegates .that ever attended  befoie were .present. The llrst and hec-  ond   resolutions    were   proposed I by  John B. Lennon,   of the Tailors:  That a levy of 1ft cents per membc ��� be  THE IWSMS' BANQUET.  Another year hns passed' away, and  Ohrlstmas and .New Year's are draw-In?  night, bringing with them tymes of rejoicing to those who can afford it a.nd  are a little better off than their neighbors. " But we cannot shut our eyes to  the fact that the approaching holidayjj  mean little or nothing in the way of  happiness to not a flew ln our midst.  How many motHiere are there in this  oity to whom ithe future appears dart  and gloomy? Their .lot is to toll morning, noon and nigflit to (keep tlie wolf  from the door. Their little boys sell  papers.    We ask ' a generous public.  <1)  the  and ,  "Whereas���We believe that either of  8ha two governments could have performed the give-away act Just as successfully as the Oity Council; and'  "Whereas���It was to prevent any giving away of snob valuable assets of the  saeople bo corporations that this Council lent its influence and sent its delegation to said committee to co-operate  ���with the delegates from the City Coun-  cfl and One Board of Trade, on the distinct understanding that the city was  'to keep ���possesion of these flats foi  'able benefit of all its citizens. Theiefore be lt  '"Resolved���That we! most emphatically protest against tlhe giving away, oi  even the sale of one inch of any land  we have or may acquire in those tidal  flats; but that the city administer it  as trustees for the people for all time;  *y leasing it out to bona flde persons,  who will establish factories; duration  at lease to beonly-foFa reasonable  time, witli an option ot renewai on mutual terms to ibe agreed upon. And  ' bb It further  * "Resolved���Tha't a copy of this resolution be sent to the Mayor and City  Council.  "AH of which is Tcspeotfully submitted."     Adopted unnrolmously.  A delegate, in speaking to the mo  tlon, stated  lhat the clause refcrrinj  to the Flats should ibe made an Issue  in the approaching municipal elections,  The iquestlon was usked whether tlie  Council intended taking action In tl.e  approaching municipal election ln putting candidates in the Held.  Tlhe Parliamentary Committee" were  Instructed to dlaw up a platform for  the coming municipal elections, and report sams at the next meeting.  A delegate brought up the matter of  ��ib Whito Pass Railway, running from Skagway to White Horse.  Thfeie were no Canadian workmen or  officials employed on it, though the  road ran some ninety miles through  ���Canadian,Territory.    The ParUaroien-  and especially those who are served by  our energetic nowsiboys to contribute  to the funds for the annual banquet.  This paper last year made an appeal  to the citizens, and .they responded  most liberally towards a New Year's  suipper, which was given in the Union  hall to albout 200 newsboys. It would  'have pleased anyone to have viewed  the spectacle at the feast. We are satisfied that the public will not forget to  subscribe a dollar or two towards a  fund 'which will gladden ithe hearts of  Vancouver's future* leading -citizen"..  This paper will publish the names'from  week to week of all .those, who subscribe. We hope to be able to giwe- am  entertainment as well as a supper.  Some of the memlbers of the trades  council are helping and giving their  services, and we sliall be glad to receive tlie names of any ladles or gentlemen who feel they would like to take  pant In the proposed'' entertainment.  Those subscribing are:  The Independent W0.GO  A. E. Lees & Co      5,00  'A- C. C    .'      loo  J. H. Watson      1.0Q  F. F. Burns      loo  G. E. Trorey        50  P. Evans        50  L. D. Taylor      6.oo  **'��*������������*��������*����  * '      NEWSBOYS' BANQUET.  * To the editor of The Independent.  * Sir,���In response to your request  * for contributions   to   the   news-  * iboys" Christmas banquet, we beg  * .to hand you $5. We trust that you  * will be able to nil the boys as full  * of joy and turkey as you did last  * Christmas.   Yours very truly,  ' A. E. LEKS & CO.  STREOT TRAILWAY MEN.  A well attended mteeting of the Street  Railway Employees' Association, Pioneer    division    No.    101.    was held  tec having charge of the" "box-social"  gave a Ilnal report. It was discharged  with thanks, for their successful management of the social. A neat sum was  placed to the credit of the "Sick Benefit Fund." A long and Interesting debate took placo as to the advisability  of amilutlng with the Dominion Trades  Congress. It was unanimously resolved that tlie Association do so at once.  The committee on revision of. by-laws  reported nt length. The report was  deceived and adopted. Meeting closed  at 2.30 n. m. Sunday. The next meeting  will be held on Wednesday, December  11th,, nt 8 p. ni. sharp.  The two-storey residenoe of Mr. Mc.  Adam, bonier Butte and) BurnmAy  I'lreets, hns been completed. 'I.t overlooks the bay and does credit to the  workmen cnguged thereon. The Interior finish compares with the best In the  province. Mr. iMathewro was the contractor. The painting,, and graining  ���Was a very creditable Job)'done by D.  It Gauley, F. P. Btohop, of Pender  Street)' being the contractor.   ,        *   I  made for a defense fund. (2) That  federation pledge itself to support  tailors of America to abolish, the tenement and home-work system and  cure free workshops. These mot  were greeted .with ringing cheers.  The Federation was ariked 'by  Tobacco Workers to condemn the cigarette manners of New York ln forming  themsielves Into an Independent union  and using a label unauthorized by the  Federation, because .the Toibaicco Work-  era have Jurisdiction over this class ol  wortk. It was resolvted that every  memlbei* call for the blue label upon nil  tobacco or cigarettes.  Post Office Clerks' union, No. 8,703,  edited the convention to take such action as lies .within ilts ipower to amend  the ��� present eight-hour law as will  bring the post office clerics within > the  jurisdiction thereof. A long dlscu;slxi  ensued, which resulted In a commltti.e  being appointed to take the nuilttedi uo  'The Shirt,.Waist and [Laundry Work-  ers' International' union requested .that  a form of obligation (to be made universal) be drawn up and added to the  present one now Jn use, instructing ail  new members to demand the union, label.  Kansas Cily Industrial Council asked  that each oraft be given, strict trade  autonomy.  Organizers will be kept In the glass  fields ot nilnoils and Indiana for tihe  purpose of organizing 'unskilled labor  in glass-bottle houhes.  The Federated Trades of Alamedn,  Gal., asked that the Hare-Asltor proportional' ballot system to elect delegates to the convention be used. -  It was decided to appoint a committee to wait upon the Bricklayers' In  ternatlonal .convention, which convenes  at Pittsburg on January 13th next, and  asilt^thiem to affiliate with the A.-F. of  L. The bricklayers and masons have  about 60,000 members.  A long set of anti-Chinese  tlons were submitted, setting forth numerous reasons why the Chinese ex  elusion laws, to expire on May 6, 1902,  should be re-enacted by congress.  Delegate Morgan, of Portland, presented them. They willl come up forthwith  far discussion, but it is already conceded ithat liiey will carry unanimously.  The president's address was a very  long one, covering In a great measure  the work of the federation, of the past  year. It referred in; feeling terms to  the death of President McKlnley. It  was referred to a special committee.  The other officers made extensive reports.  The reading of the annual report of  President Gompers consumed three  hours. Secretary Morrison's report and  that of Treasurer John Lennon were  also read. They were referred to" committees, and ut 6 o'clock this evening  the Convention adjourned until 9  o'clock to-monjpw .morning.  Mr. Gompers' report showed a net  increase of 313 local unions for the year  and a gain of 364,410 members. From  National and International Unions and  the Federation District, there were issued 4,058 charters for newly-formed  unions, and charters surrendered or unions _disbanded*>-numbe"reil'~l,150ri~ On  October 31st last, there were affiliated  with the Federation, National and Intel national Unions, 87; city central labor unions, 327; State federations of labor, 20; local trade unions, having no  National or International basis, 750; and  Federal labor unions, 339. There were  four strikes of a general character during the year. About these the report  says:  "That of the river and dock-workers  of San Francisco, was a distinct victory. The purpose for which the strike  of   the   Amalgamated   Association of  celve an average of 25 cent3 a day increase in wages."  The report notes a growing tendency  to agreements in Industry. To create a  defence fund, lt recommends changing  the Federation's Constitution, so as to  admit ot n larger assessment, and the  levy by the Executive Council early In  the year of a portion of the assessment  prolvded, so that a fund may be at its  disposal at any time in the Interests of  any of the affiliated organisations "engaged in a protracted struggle which  they could not singly support."  Mr. Gompers says that he has arranged an active campaign for the re-enact-  ment of the Chinese Exclusion Act, and  expresses surprise at the patience of the  Pacific Coast citizens, in submitting to  a state of / affairs so horrible and degrading. It arraigns Chinese immigrants as lowering American standards.  Treasurer Lennun's rtport showed an  income of $126,522; expenses $11S,70S, total funds at hand $7,844.  Secretary Morrison's report shows  that the total number of strikes of all  kinds reported, aggregated 1,056, in  which 153,503 members were benefited,  and 12,707 were not benefited. Their total cost was $548,003.  CHEAP GOODS.  (By Geo. R. Maxwell, M. P.)  resolu-  CIGAiR. MAKERS.  Clgar-Malkers' Union met on Tuesday  evening In Labor Hall, Vioe-Pirasldrnc  C. Crowder in the ohair and 14 men.  bei-i  present.      After  the reading  o_  minutes of  last meeting  aind  oMice s'  a.nd delegates'  reports were  received,  the following officers Were elected fo.  the next sK montllis:       President,  C.  Crowder; vice-president, H. Miller; smq  retary, G. Thomas, jr.; treasurer, S. XV.  Johnson;  sergeant-at-arms,   W.  Kennedy; executive- committee, H. Miller,  G. Thomas, jr., J. pienser, C. Nelson and  L. WHtaie; .finance committee, C. Crowder, C. Parson, J. Penser.  J. Brendt, or  St. Louis, Mo.,    was   nominated   for  seventh vice-president.     The   amendment offered by the Montreal union to  asiSess each member of the International union 50 cents per oneinber to help  the Montreal   olgar-iuakei-s   now   on  strike,  was received,  and on  a vote  being talken it was   unanimously endorsed. '.The olgarmakers of .Montreal  have bteen out on strike   against tlie  bosses for albout eight .months.   Out of  6T5 strikers there have been but tweli.-e  to   quit   the  .ranks of unionism, notwithstanding that the bosses have done  all in their power to crush the union.  They are so unprincipled as to eran go  to the landlords or agents of the houses  wihioh the strikers may occupy and to  influence them one way or another to  malte the men pay up the rent the very  day it is due, or even Ibefione.   In some  cases they have even infused to rent  the strilbers houses at all.  But still the  men and women Qanow ithat what they  are striking for ds only what is right  and Just,    We think that before the  scab bosses of Montreal get  'through  with- tlie International mnlon that they  will leamn a dear lesson that they will  never forget   To show .the principle of  one of the same scab bdsses, let me  quote you an incident that ihaippened  in one of his shops last Ohrlstmas. Two  days before Christmas a turkey valued  at about 50 cents was presented to each  of his employees.   This was all Very  well, but after Christmas each person  in the sarnie factory was reduced  50  cents on the thousand cigars the or she  made.   So you see in one week's work  he made from 25 to 75 cents clear above  the price of the turkey.  Amd .this is the  kind of nien who sell their cigars to  the laboring men of Vancouver.    Be  sura and ask for the .blue label brand  ���and- take- none - other.���" ������   Competition as an Industrial system  means  the unrestrained operation  ot  Individual self Interest.   It Is opposed  to comiMnaition, sentiment and custom.  Just think for a moment whhJt this implies.  Just think of a man all the time  hunting, striving and battling for self.  Picture a man all the time living for  self, and moving up and down among  Ills fellow men for gain.    The A B C,  the Alpha and Omega of such a man's  existence Is my advantage, 13 to get  ahead of some one else, is to got on  top.   Why such a man tn this day of  life is hardly possible, for if It were  possible to get the man   comipetltlon  wants, and if you could set hilm in motion, and lt he would live as he is expected to   Hive, he would   be clacsed  among the minoitaurs*and centaurs of  humanity.   We have only to make him  up, to put him. into shape and picture  hlni, to throw him upon the canvass of  the mind's eye to see, and to realize  what a disgusting spectacle he is.  Not  long ago a man called Jay Gould died.  No man was ever more like the man  competition demanded.   Confessedly he  was a man ttelt was ever for hiLiiisel'_,  for his own personal gain and advantage.   He had that in view every time.  Yet when he dlied "one can hardly forget t'he awful howl that arose again it  this man.   Newspaper after newspaper,  teacher after teacher described his operations, schemes, plantings, tricks by  -wihlch he amassed this large   fortune,  and they heaped uponih'Iin the severest  of condemnations.  Men saw in .him the  unrestrained  operation    of  individual  self effort, and tihe life of the man wis  judged unworthy.   His life was a true  manifestation of selfishness,   and  selfishness' is one of the lowest, and one  of the meanest devils tihat lurks In tlhe  human heart, Further the weolkness,  the 'Inhumanity of this system becomes  still snore manifest als we attempt to  grasp its 'possible deftlelapments.    We  have been thinlkinig of one man among  men, but that is'only a small arid' narrow view.   If .there .yeas only one man  among" us   revealing the unrestrained  operation of self interest,   that  would  not be 6to  badi'. but this  system de  mands that the all shall became likje  the one.  Every man. ds to  Become a Self Seeker.  Amalgamated  Steel and Iron Wor'^ers was Inaugurated, was not achieved, and it was terminated upon conditions less advantageous than perhaps could have been obtained. The officers .of the International Association of Machinists report  that their strike has very largely succeeded ln establishing the nine-hour  rule in the (trade. They claim that the  settlements reached have given 60,000  machinists a shorter work-day; 15,000  others   are   affected  AT VAN ANDA.'  The Texada Miners' .union, No. 113,  held a social dance on Thursday evening, Nov. 28, in Marble Bay opera  house. Although a very wet .night, yet  the attendance wns remarkably good,  between 30 and 40 couples occupying  bhe floor at once during the evening.  Mrs. E. Stiergold, T. Le Roy and Miss  Reynolds sang veiy prettily. P. Bunt  gave a step dance and song. A substantial spread or refreshments was  supplied at midnight, and to this the  iblg audience meted out "Justice to nil,"  A most pleasant evening was participated in by all.  ���Deputy Minister of La'bor King returned to Ottawa on Sunday. He was  crowded for time and consequently was  unalbkl ito meet as many of the labor  men of this city as Ihe Wished to. His  v.lsUt to Nanaimo and Extension was  prolonged .by the trouble over there,  by compromises I ���which, hi a measure he added in id-  reached, and 75,000 machinists will re-1 Justing.  Every, one Js to start out in the quest  for gain, to enrich h'imseJf as best he  may.    The vlalousness of tlhe system  is seen In ithe expression���the   unrestrained operation of self interest.   No  one Is 'to interfere with   the contestants, or with the methods of operation.  However brutafl, unfair, or unjust the  battle may become ii interference is not  only resented but Is deemed unjustifiable. - (Further combination Is vigorously condj&mmed.    The unit is to  be  preserved at all cost   The atom has  to stand alone, to act alone, and has  to be destitute ot all sentiment���such  as patriotism, self-sacrlfl.ee or charity.  He has only ibo think of himself���and  how hie may achieve this own advantage.   Again, I say, ln these days when  humanity has become perineated and  subilmaltea with the noblest of sentiments, when men haive cauglht up, and  ana attempting not only to learn but  to practice tlhe iteauMngs of the Holy  Book, lt is hardly possible for to conceive such a state of things existing ns  would exist were this system to have  full swlay.   To me it shocks the culture,  the senltllmenit, and the imbeiliigience ��f  the twentieth century.   Suppose, how-  ever,-_it-d!d exist.���Wha.t-does. It ineai?  In the plainest language I answer, It  simply means a return to barbarism  and barbaric lifle.  'Separating man from  man, se'dting each against the  other,  destroying as it does    the    sense of  brotherhood  wlhlcli has 'bean growing  and deepening  wilth the  year's stow  the Christ  lived and   died,  1t  at  the  same time lliuqiirca every man with the  basest sentiment  thait resides in  tin"  human breast.    Tho iprlncilpl�� of  life  would be every man for himself, and  the devil take    the   ihlndmost.    This  would make Industrial life, all life, a  conflict; Jt would fill every man with  tha meanest of ambitions, und would  compel tho forces of life to minister to  It,   It would set man against man, nnd  would ifltl each with hate, envy, and  jealousy.   It would nourish at all time  the wxntot elements in a man's nature  and would kill or   destroy   the bc*t  Now,  a system, I care not what It-  name may be, that magnifies, encourages, amd Inspires suoh things cannot  he one fit for the times.   When men  were brutes, if Damvtnism is true, such  a system might and would have suited,  but now that day is past and gone for  over. Wiluen all Is said, my opinion ls,  that Cliristianlty is the woist <nemy  tills ssytem has got. It conies, and  has come with Its message of p_aee  and good will, lt has come with Its  message of delf-sacriflce, with Its atory  of Buxening, living and dying not for  s61f, not for gain, but for tho saving  and helpilng of others. It has como  with its 'tale or  The Good Samaritan,  and has /taught men not to leave their  brother wounded, by the waysld'e, but  to lift him up, to protect torn, and 6av3  him.    It has come with Its precepts  and doctrines, and every one of them  btrikes a nail Into the coffin of this  Fystc-m.   Between tlie teai-hiliig of political economiht'S, and t'.-.s teachings of  the Son cf Man, thMQ is open war, and  it  is not haul    to prosr.o:tjc.'ite    the  winner in .the end.   I say thf a this system car-net and is net corned out today.    Now, self-sh mm 's a..i Si-ipossi-  bility.   Your man without Fctti-i unt i<i  an inupoaslbllity.    As  things are you  cannot prevent combination, and there  ia no civilized government on earth that  will allow tlie um'restrained operation of  individual self   interest.   The   selfish  man is abhorrent.   The best man living  to-day   are    full of   sentiment.    The  brothenhood of man is a combination  which mecibvaiins the selfishness of those '  who would be belflsh, and is iflllLng men  with the sentiments whioh are adding  to the beauty, the glory and honor of  the humtitn it.cc.   Let us now consider,  the (mention of cheap gc��ls.    This is'  one of the aims of the competitive system to produce cheap goods, and It ls   "  one of Its boasted achievements that it  has produced  aheap goods.    Whether  this is something to ibe   proud of, or   ,  whether something to be ashaAied of,  we shall see later on.   We have sufficient data provided for us to come to  some conclusion.    By their fruits we   ���  can both judge men and systems, for  after all is not the   fruit of a. tree ������  either the best or the worst thing atiout   >  it, '    .  . Sweating System.    . |  V '  ''What' is called Ichetsweating 'system -.-/  1s undoubtedly one of thfel growths, one  of Xluei limits of the competitive system, and the origin and continuance of   '  tlhe sweater is due to the cry and'passion for cheap goods. , The sweating  systfem is characteristic of both sides  of the Atlantic.  We And it in the United States, where you have a high protective tariff, arid .where that tariff is  declared to be the   salvation   of the  working classes,    in   providing . them  with** work and good wages.   You And  lt in Great Britain, iwhere free tnwle is  the gospel of politicians, and T__le er- '  fects of the system are just as serious,  as revolting in the one country as In  the other.  Both countries give us a picture of social and Industrial conditions  which Is gmesome, ghastly and sickening.    Neither a high protective tar��  iff nor free trade can seemingly prevent  sweating.    So .fair as the evidence is  concerned we are not left to our imaginations.   We Wave had parliamentary  committees aippodnted ln both ctounltries,  and we have hod the matter investigated in Canada to some extlent, and  It is the evidence   introduted   before  these committees which compels us to    .,  understand what ohcap goods mean for.  a large class of workers.   Uet us get <  at the facts so far as the United States  are concerned.   Americans often 'draw,  a picture Showing ithe difference  between the old and the netw lands, and  the picture is always so pairiied as lo  Tualke-peopft. believe���thsiltr the��� Uniteu ���  States.is a'perfect paradise for working men as, compared    wath    tho old  country. .The Americans are nothing If  not Imaginative.   We want facts, not  pictures; aUtletr we have got the facts,  we shall be abie to sketch a picture  for ourselves.    A committee was appointed .In 1892 to enquire Into the 'facts  of tfhils business.    Meetings were held  In Washington, Boston, New Yortc, Chicago.    TaMSe    the    clothing    business,  which Is a very large one.   The materials are out, bunched together, and  distributed.    Thtose are givetn out to  contractors who in turn give them out  to aub-contractors, who In turn  giv*J  them out to the workers.   The contractor must make money, amd tlhe subcontractor must pay profit to tho oon���  tractor, and must get something fon  himself.    The result of which is that  tlhe woriter is sweated in. the interest  of' both. " As to .wages.  Tho Committee Dedans'  that there ls practically no compensa^  .ion.   The work lias 'been secured by;  C- HIGH  NOO.i.  Ilcre  wi'cro  tlie  faint   breeze  tlroopn upon   tha  guts,  Wliuo MinnrtT irc-n'-s fill1? ll>o air with pine.  Upon t'ie !u,;iK<st iui .ule, wliore ihe Min  LifLs i.utuu1 to liii:isLif, 1 r.u.-e my -shrine  Tu il.u\ I'.i.'h  Nodii,  In whose dear cics, u:-i'__i_in--ii In doubt or tear,  No hCLret sliaiiuu of iW soul is pood.  . Others ii:ny druad tiiy Imiiihr.,' judgment white;  For them bo twilight altars in the wood;  ". To thet*. Htt,'h Noen,  ttare tjivastciJ as a pas-'i'i 1 would come!  Test thou my h'.nrt. that, pruvt.ii, 1 maj dare  Kxult to slimy mc in thy riuhis poice  And t_acramental I'aitli eternal swear  To thee, llijih Nconl  ���Martha Gilbert Dickinson ia Century,  | The Tbiiti MaM |  ��� **::*-:;<>;:^::0:v*-::-<��-'f*->;**<<>:f<>x<>K<>  * *  o - ���  *  ���-  ^ v^civO���;*��<>�������'}������:���������*������������<>*�������<��'<���<���*���**  It was (in n wild October oveuitiK about  n year a'sn that n:y wife and I arrived  liy trniu.nt n well known watering place  in the north of Kn::land. The Wind was  howling ami roaring with delight lit its  resistless power: tliu'rain eiime hissing  down in l:;r;.p drops.-,  Ov.r hotel w.-.s situated on an eminence  ovcrloriliil!.'; tlle tnwii. and ns we slowly  .ascended tn it in'our call we thought.  "Well, we'must ���not lie surprised to find  . our iiilendod nlioile for the night has  Vanished."  However,    presently    we   stopped    in  front   of  a   building   which .'.looked  substantial  enough' to  withstand. anything,  and in answer to our driver's application  .to the hell the door was promptly opened  b.v   a .-smartly   nl tired   porter,   lie   was  closely   followed   liy   a   person   full   of  smiles anil hows: who posted himself in  the duoi'WKy ready to receive us.  All at once there was a terrific hang,  ���'   "ns though a fort.v pounder had been fired  to  welcome* our arrival,  and  lie of the  smiles  anil   bows   was  hurled   headlong  .   against tlie mmlily wheel of our conveyance by  the slamming to of llie large  -   door.   My   wife's   bonnet, blew   off  and  tugged hard at its-moorings; the light in  the   porch   was  extinguished,   while  the  wind seemed to give a shriek of triumph  nl  the jokes  lie  was  playing  upon   us.  : TTei-e  we were,  then,  in  total, darkness  ' aiid exposed to tlie drenching rain.."However, half an hour afterward iill our discomforts were forgotten Tis we sat down  to an excellent dinner a la carte.    -;,.  Next morning I was abroad very early  ���looking for'lcn'.gings.��� Fortune seemed to.  . *"ihi!e upon ine on this occasion, forscarce-  ; ly .lisn! ,1 proceeded tirty. yards from my  hotel when I enlne upon a very nice looking row of houses, :uid iu the window of  the first was "Lodgings to Let." Knock-  ing at tlio door, it, was soou opened by a  very neat looking maid.  I iuijiiirc'd if 1 could seo the* proprietor,  but was told that .Miss G. was not yet  7:> 'down.     I   said-1   would   wait  and   was  .-shown into a very, comfortably furnished  ���dining room.   Soon Miss .G. appeared and  .   '.iproved tp.u'c a 'pretty brunette of about  ;_,  - 'five and twenty, whose dark eyes during  7 7'oui- short interview, were/every now.'.and.  "���"thou fixed on me with an intontiiess that  'seemed to lie trying'to read what kind of  ���ia person I .was. while her manner, though  '������"'��� ������".;;deeidedly pleasing, had a.certain 'restless-'  .--...'k'ness in* it which I cinild not. help, observ-  [[-"���-. ing. *;; Her' father and mother-being both"  . ��� dead .she kept the,lodging ;liousp-. herself.'.  ���'.'���771 asked - her if she had a good cook, to  which/she replied she was responsible for  7.-.'���most .of that diflieult; part of the.'menage'.  .^herself,/keeping tiviiiiiaids to assist  in"  ;������ ; ''the liouseaud parlor work.   She went on  '/I   'to say': that; her''drawing room wiis "dis-,  -   sectod,"-... a   term   common . nmong  north  -;-., -country lodging 'house keepers and meant  '"to express that it was undergoing Its' au-  /'���tunin cleaning* but she would.have it put  :��� :7straig!it"'if 1 wished. .1 told her that we.  7-, 7--should he quite contented with the dining  ;.'7;,:'room, provided, we had a good, bedroom.  ' 'This she at once showed me and, soon  /, / tipniiiig to terms, I' returned to the hotel.;  7-i^nttcr breakfast I went to the bureau to  .:���:'���' /. n*j_. for my account.','-; While, it was being,  .made ont. 1 'observed casually that I had  taken lodgings at .Miss G.'s on Cliff ter-1.  7 .'-race*.,' upon -which'' the ;accountant looked:.  -.Z Quickly .up,: and  said,   I'Oli.  Miss . G.'s,";  ;   7 und thcii as quickly went on. with mybill.;  .1   hardly noticed   this" at   the  moment,  7; 'though I thought of it afterward.  7     '-.*'  7 ti: I Eleven o'clock saw/us comfortably en-.  ������  I sconced, iii our: rooms!    After .lunch we.  7 /.took/a;delightful'expedition, the weather'  ;77haviug' greatly; moderated.     We, found  i '.that night "at dinner thiit Miss G. was a,'  .'first: rate cook.; and /we; retired  to  rest  ',���  :.-miich pleased with our quarters....'..,  .:;*7.',We.sdou made the'acquaintance of th��  -:-7:two'niaids���J tine, whowaited/on "us. and  J.77 Mary.the iiousemaid���and two very plcas-  'y���':7-nut end| obliging 'young, women.-we found  -% :;;';thein..:-,-'.,7:���:���.";..:;��� 'yxy- ��� iy.yx..  7 .7 .About the third morning of our stay.  -.���"���on going up to my bedroom after break-.  .-.fast,; I was surprised .to .find a strange  7 iinnid.in the, room.   She was standing by  ;     .the bed Smoothing ilown..".the  bedclothes  I,  : With both hands', and appeared to take  no notice of uie.j, bin continued gazing  steadily in front of her. while lier 'hands'  ..'���:'��� went, mechanically   on   smoothing "the  :.-' clothes.   I  could I not  help:- being '.'struck.  ====with-her=pale-face?*=wliieliTWoi'e-n-look-of-  pain, and the fixed and almost stony expression of her eyes.   I  left her in ex-  ���*. ���   fflctly-.tlie same position as I  found her.  .'7'.���.���On coming down I snid to my. wife:   "1  7 did  not  know Miss  G.  employed  three  iservants.   -There;. certainly    is   another  ���making the  bed   in  our   room."   I  nm  shortsighted,  nnd  my  wife -would  have  ��� it that I hnd made a mistake, but I felt  quite certain I had not.   Later on.whilu  Jane was laying llie lunch. I said to her.  "I thought that you and Mnry were the  7* vonly two servants hi tho house."  ,   ^'Yes. sir;  only  me and Mary,"  was  7;    Jane's reply as she left the room.  "There!" said  my  \yife. * "I  told you  ���      that you were 'mistaken."   And I did not  7   pursue the subject further.  Two or three days slipped n way in  pleasant occupations, such an driving,  boating; etc.. and we had forgotten all  about the third nuild. We saw but little  of Miss G., though her handiwork was  pleasantly apparent In the cuisine.  On the sixth morning of our stay,  which was the dny before we were to  leave, in.v wife after breakfast snld she  would go up and do a little packing  while I made out ��ur route for the follow ing dny in the "lirndslinw." but I wns  soon interrupted b.v llie return of my  wife with a iather scared look on her  ,    face.  "Well." she said "you were right after  nil. for there K another maid, and >.lie is  now in our bediuiun. and appaiently engaged in much the same occupation as  ���Vheu vou saw her there.    She tuoH uo  notice of me, bui stood there with her  body slightly bent over the bed, looking  straight iu from of her, her hands  smoothing the beilcloi!u��." She described  lier as having iiai 1. hair, lier face very  pale, and her mouth very firmly set. My  curiosity was uo'.v so much awakened  that I ilclerinineil to question Miss fl. on  tlie subject. Hut 'jur carriage was now  at the door waiting for us to start on an  expedition that would engage us all day.  On my return, late in tlie afternoon,  meeting"Miss 0. in the passage, I said  to lier. "Who is the third servant that  Mrs. K. and myself have seen once or  twice in oar liciiooiaV"  Miss G. looked, I thought, rather  scared, niul murmuring something that I  ciitilil niii catch turned and went hurriedly down the stairs' into llie kitchen.  An hour afterward, as we were silting  willing for our duv.ier. .lane biMiighi it  note from Miss (I. iurlositig her account  and. saying that she bad just had a telegram summoning !Vr to the s'.-kSd of .n  relation, that in nil probability she would  mu, be liack till aller nits' departure, but  that .she had left liiroetiuiis.wiili the.servants nt'el Impf-'il tiny would make us quite  ,':oiin'or:.-ili|... and that We would excuse  l;cr hurried departure'  A few inigiiies at>r a ca'n drove up to  tlie door, into "which, from our window,  we saw Miss (!. get and drive rapidly  nway. '  l'.'ati'r'nu hi'ih? eveiKiig, while .lane was  cli'.ii'ing away the dinner things, I said to  her. "ll.v.t'av \;:e. i .������.:���'. wlm is I lie third  itiaiiiV" She v,a.- jaV-t going'..to'leave the  loom as I s;i.il;e. Instead of replying she  iiiini'd roniiil with sncli a scared lunk on  her face thai I fell quite alarmed. Then,  litttrii'dly cinching up her tray, she left  ihe room. Thinking that .further inquiry  would he very disagreeable to her, 1 for-  boroagain iticin inning the subject. Next  day, our week being up. we'departed for  fresh woods irul pastures new.  ;0;:r toiir led. its consi.lerabl.v farther  mirili. bin a tiioiitli later stiw iis homeward bound. : The nearest route by rati  led ns hy X. As. we drew up at the  Rtittion we uot'iri'il on the pl.ntfnrni ii-par-  suii. in whmti we recognised one of the  clergy of X. wlins(i church we had  iiceti to. Presenlly the door of onr'compartment was opened and he put iu a  lady, "wished . her goodby. the guard's  whistle blew uud we were off. After, a  short time We fell into i.'Oiivei'saiiou with  ihe lady and found her to be Ihe 'clergyman's'- wife. Among other things; we  asked after Miss ,G.   :  "Oh. Miss (!..'" she replied. "She is  very well, biit 1 hear, poor thing, she has  not had'n very giiodseason."  "I am sorry tii hear that," I replied.  "Why is ItV" ���: She was silent for a minute, and then related to us the following  facts: "-. ������;.-������>��� " : y .   -    -���  At the beginning of the season a rather  imtowaril evetit occurred nt7 Miss G.'s  lodgings. An elderly lady took one ofthe  Hals for a month. ..Shc'i-lind'-with her an  iiltendant of about thirty.;;Before long  Miss':(}.��� observed (hat they were lint  on very good term.'-:,"and one'morning the  old lady was found dead iff her bed.  A doctor Was at oiiee. called in, Who.  on viewing the body���:fouiid'iherewere  very suspicious marks . round the neck  and tli rout, as'if a person's .'fingers had  been .tightly 'pressed 'upon; tlieni. The  maid on hearing tliis at oncoibecame very  restless, aud going to her bedroom, which  whs at the, top "of the house, packed a  .itniill bagaud. having put on her things,  wns about j.to; c-*scend the .'stairs when,  I'rotn hurry "or agitation,; she. missed lier  font ing and; falling to the; bottom, broke  her ncck..\ ;'.;.' %���:'���'���-----';������..���'���';'.  Rut;not thn least extraordinary part of.  llie" business was that not :the; slightest  e'ew could :be:''obtained as to"who the  i.id.v .v.'as.: tlie linen, of herself and her  liiaiil- having.only initials marked oil it.  Tliii. poli.'e did tlieir best by' advertising  nnd itiquiry, lint all they could Iind out  ���.-.���as* tlint'thnyhnd. come straight, to X.  friini.Liverpool, ivliere they hud arrived  ft'-iitn America.: There they were traced  in the Fifth "A ven lie Iiotci in'New York,  Vi'here they had been only known iby the  tiumlicr. of- their.room,.aiid to which they  hail:come...froni .no .one',knew.,whither.  ICtioiigii ; mhiiey was found injjth'e lady's  box io iiayithe. expenses' 'of their ;fu-  iierals.'. Anbiien verdict was returned at  liiivitiqtiests .which were hold.;;The,po-.  lici." look ��� possession ; of tlieir belongings  niid' liii've'lheai'.; no d'uubt.*'atf.the 'present  inoiitciit/;;.;-;. ���:������:'"���".���;>;������ ��������� 7'-. ������.' ;-���";''"...  A i i his point the, train stopped, the lady;  wished ..us' good ,;morning: iind left 'the  carriage, and we.; as.we steamed, south,  v. ci'*e' le'ftid lueditate on tliis 'strange but  perfectly true story, and to solve as we  li'.-sl could the still unanswered question  of.-"Who was ihe third uiaid'.".  MOON-FLOWER BELLE.  :7"'* Advice I'*o'r Spenlccrs.  One of the common mistakes made by  tthe. tyro*in public speaking,is that of exhaust ing;bis subject and his audience at  the' same time/ By. too great discursiveness the, pith of;.the subject: is lost.'and  .what.might have been a victory is turned  ���it'lii signal, defeat. .To -save such a disaster, one .sliould;,;thinU carefully;, upon  any subject before attempting; to;: talk  upon it. and iii the thinking keep strictly to the salient points and the simplest  possible form of giving them expression.  ;. Only the born, orator,, tbe genius; may  safely;venture into the flower garden of  speech aiid indulge in glowing and highly  colored perorations. To tlie' ordinary  _S__ea !y_r^lpse_jum  pie /statements' in well chosen and convincing language are the safest and  surest means of winning golden opinions  'for self nnd success for. one's cause at  thu same time.;:     .,      .:  The Feeding: of Horses.  When it is remembered that the srtom-  nch of a horse is really small iu proportion to the size of. his body,* it will be  seen that it requires feeding often���oven  four times n day. Unlike human beings,  horses should drink before eating,. and  drink ns much ns they like. Owing to  a strange internal nrrangcineiit in n  horse, the water does.not .remain in the  Ktomach, but passes through' into the  cmeiim, a large intestine. ���   - i'.-y-  If n horse should be fed first,.one can  readily Bee that the water in flowing  through would carry with It some of the  fond'nml'thus produce colic. A horse If  watered four times a dny will never take  much���not too much. lie is fed. it must  lie remembered, upon dry food, and that  with the quantity of hard work iln'no  would'' produce n fevcrislmess which a  proper amount of water will very much  alluy.  'Tlie Wily I'lombrr.  3. Skinflint tn I. .Memlorn, Dr.  12 feet one Inrti IriJ piping Ill  6 ftrt used In rcptirs      6  .0 tci't t.kcn back to iliop     0  Total tt feet st ��1 per foot ?:��  Plcaic r���mlt.  ���New York Times.  "Perfectly htipjiy!   Well. 1 am per-  lectlv happv.   I go'where I will. I do ns  1 will, and I hnwiiot a wishunsrantei'.."  " Tlien. my ilcar, you have never been  in love."     " "  "Xo: that jiloastire is yet to come."  "You think it will he a pleasure?"  *'If the right man comes."  " It could not bo a pleasure otherwise;  but I see my uncle couiins to claim me  for n wall;, so you will excuse me if I  go to meet him."  "Certainly, my dear. Perfectly lovely, as well as perfectly happy,-" said the  getteral'sWidow, as she turned again to  wards the group ot ladies who had boon  listening to a discussion between herself'  ami the most beautiful tlelmtimte of  the season on the conditions of hapiiiness.  "Yes," si;;!icd �� phiin-loolcius little  woman iu an unbecoming; brown gown,  "it. is easy to be happy, und even beautiful, in such costumes."  "But," interrupted the deneral's  widow. "Miss Towusand is one of those  women who would look; well even in  shabby gray alpaca at high noon on a  bright day. Tlicre, would be ...sweep  to the skirt nml a set to tlio waist that  would .be impossible to "ileflno or imitate. She is a born dresser, but I mu  wondering liow long she will be able; to  declare'herself perfectly happy."  ''Slio does not know what luipjiiness  is. if, us she says, she has never been in  love," chimed in a bride of three months,  at Which the little circle laughed,  and tliu , General's widow suggested  Unit they move .their seats-.:' to  where they could have n better, view of  the main entrance, as it was time for  the through train l'romthe north to arrive, and it had been .whispered.; that u  Scotch.Laird of high 'degree.'mi English Diilre, and a well known, journalist.  , were expected���the Englishman to join  the exploring party, the journalist to do  tbe season for a syndicate, aud the  Scotch Laird���well, all sorts of-rumors  were ufioat- cciiceriiing him. One was  that he dressed in kilts, and was followed by ij���H.KUlander in oustunie also. /���".  "Did yon ever see so many, pretty  girls?' said the General's widow, as she  surveyed the merry, crowd that'- tilled  tho hallways, stairs, and main entrance  of one of Florida's splendid ��� hotels.  "And Constance Townsand is quite the  handsomest, there." /.      ,':'������  And the Geueral's'widow was right.  Tall and most divinely fair, in it gown  of Softest white silk, she reminded one  .of the royal moon ��� flowers, a grout bunch  of whichshe held in her hand. Tliey  wire her chosen flower, and by tl\cin  sho had become known as the liioon-  ilower,belie.  '..-X-'--   . ���'���  "That, girl understands effects . perfectly," thought the General's widow,  as sin. watched hei"-quietly and apparently without intention seat herself in  an. old-t'asbioned high-Lack, chair that  stood just at the foot" of tlie' stairway,  and over which :i graceful; palm: spread  its darkgrecnleayes.  ... There had been quite a discussion, between the General's .widow', thu little  ���lady.in brown, iind tlie bride as to how  the Laird, the Duke, aud.the writer  .would act when they: first' saw..-, Miss  Towsand, for the three women had  watched with a growing interest, the  sensations she,' never failed ;to produce,  until they had begun.to have a sense of  proprietorship in ike girl's radiant beau,  ty. and would have bitterly reseiitcd'any  criticism .the/-least :bit, unfavorable.  That/Miss���Townsand deseryeiVtlieir:admiration was certain,1 aiid that slid never  failed to bo' in the entrance halt when  the.evening coaches..arrived, faultlessly  gowned .in white,,; and -.. carrying -lier  favorite/flower,was also certain, so thnt'  the three wonieh were sure; on this par;.  ticular evening of /enjoying .the. little  .tableau, they had mentally arranged: ' ;  The Englishman; did.;justVwliat the  General's widow.iixpected: he would; lie  "stopped iii the very act of greeting ii  friend, readjusted bis glasses,;and after  : taking a good look,, e-xclaimed:/: .:���:'.������"  '''Stuniiiiig, do you know���stunning!":  'TheWriter. tbe;;bride; had /declared.-  would ruii his hands through his raven  locks���no auburn., ud/suuliglit locks���  C-ill.her a goddess, -:iind end in writing  verses to lier/ Asitliippeiied/lieciuight  sight;of'her as he looked up from read-;  ing a telegiMiii recalling - him to other  and less arduous 'duties than writing  verses, to the; belle':o'f.the' seasoiiv.-oiild  have been. And his locks were brown,  and cut.shoi't, he didnot7i;b tlir'oiigli;tlio.  running act, altiiotig it did take him ;a  long time' to/read the telegram, ';is over,  it he watched the beautiful girl smiling  aria, chatting to /those about hor. 'Hum  turning/to the .clerk-at the,: desk, he  "asked: ' ..../-'"'*' xXX:'.-.���''��� y - y  7; "Whois.the lady 'in white with the  ,mpon-_lowers/:"7-:.;:���) ���'���"��� ���7���':., *.'������ :���;.,-���  :"Miss Townsand of Texas,;,,nibce/of.  Major Towiisiind. the richest itattlo-maii  iii the country/' ,:Been here' two, .weeks:  going tb'stiiy-.twb iriore';", answered /the,  authority;behind the desk,, iu a I-kiiftw-  you-Avould-ask-it1 .tone of .voice, never  'biice raising his eyes from the book over  "winch.lie'wasbeiiiling. . xXi-'X ���'���"[:���.::  : .''Tliank- yon.; 3Ir._ .Cash j'.'ypu would  make a tip:t'oji paragriiplier."; .7  "Thais all right; old man; -when,you  want :in intrdditctiou to the Major; I will  gladly arrange it,for you.": .  7 As for the Scotch "Laird.;ho did not.  appear, therebydisappointbig tlie/ little  ^laiiyitrbroAvnrwifoirad-ljecniiis^ciiafif^  jiion from the first, declaring that lie  would he the one to woo and win.  " My dear, he and his kilts have been  bribed into staying elsewhere as attractions," said tli�� '.General's. ..widow,, who  disliked Scotchmen.. -fi-v--! ,'  ���"'"���" N*o such thing; lie is probably soshy  or late that he lias como in by n side  entrance. Iain going to look at the  register as soon as that telegraph-reader  liioves awny."  But before sho could carry out her in/  teiuions a young mim.in a jilain brown  trnvelling suit with a canvas bag in iiia  Iintid steppeiVinto"the bfilliniitly ligh'.L'il  hallway, and was at once greeted liy  half a dozen people,: iiiiioiig them .Con-'  stiinco. who stood np on seeing .him, the  flowers she had lieeu holding falling in  sweet confusion at her feel.  Archey���why. Cousin Arcliey!"  "Con���why, Cousin Con!" ho answered, its thoy clasped hands.  The bride smiled, and whispered something to the general's widow/who answered: ' ���;/'��� ': '��� ��� '��� ������������-���  ', "Yes the right man bus arrived." ...  " And it is," triuiniihiitilly nniiotiiiced  tho little lady in brown, "Laird Archibald Eobin, of Robin Ca&tle, Scotland."  ���Harper's Eazar.  o Not Nuw, After All.  The college phrase, " not in it," ia not  new, as many would suppose, but  was used by Euripides, more than two  thousand years ago, iu his "Mele.iger,"  when lie says : "Cowards do not count  in battla ; they nre there, but not iu it."  GOT THEIE PASSES.  TWO   CASES   WHERE    PURE    NERVE  WON FREE TRANSPORTATION.  'flic Cnu�� ot tl���� Cimdlil Mnn Who  Tackled Old Commodore Viindurbilt  Outdone by n Yount? Woman Student Who 01>Jcc��cd to Pnyinc Pare.  "You may have heard tho story ot how  Commodore Vanderbiit' issued a pass to d  candid man," said the general passenger  agent of a western road ns ho fingered  gingerly a 'daintily tinted piece of paper.  "No? Well, au early country acquaintance of the old commodore, whom lie  bad known years before he became a millionaire, was in Nov York one day and  thought'he would pay his friend a visit.  He presented himself in llie oU'n'e of tlm  president of the New York Central and  was very kindly received. After the  conversation had proceeded for awhile iu  a friendly way the commodore remarked:  ���"Is ibere niiytliliig I can do for yuu?  ls there any business in your call?'  "'Yes,' replied the caller, .'I am KOiiig  np to Albany, and 1 wanted to see if you  would give me a pass.'  "Tlie commodore's manner changed in-  stanlly. and he was at once a strict .'tinia.  of business, iooking nt (lie request from a  purely business standpoint.  "'On what do/you base your request  for a pass?' be asked. 'Have you rendered tbe road aiiy service, or is It indebted to you in any way'.' ������'���. ,,;  " ''So,' replied tlie man, 'it does not owe  me anything.    I have not had any dealings wilh it.',:      .,''.::,  ���"Then why do you ask for a pass?'  " 'Well, as I told you, 1 am going to  Albany, aiid I don't want to pay for the  trip if I can ride'free.   It just occurred  to me that you;might furnish me trans-,  poitiition if I asked you, and so I asked.'  " 'My friend,' remarked the commodore,  'you arc the first mail who ever usked mc  for a pass and told mc the simple truth  about it.   Ypu shall liave a pass.'   And,  calling a ./clerk,' lie ordered him to furnish  his caller with transportation.-';;.  7 ."I have had a parallel experience to  that of  the commodore.   'This "note is  from a student at one of our high toned  young women's seminaries, one of whom  I. had no' knowledge before the: receipt  thereof.   It was written just before tho  summer vacation ��� began and while preparations were going on: In .-.tlie seminary  for tlie closing events.    It asks* me: if I  will not be kind'enough' 'to-'furnish Ithe.  writer with transportation to her home in  Kansas.     The, letter  is. nicely/ worded.  There is nothing bold or unladylike/about  it, butits receipt "piizr.led me considerably.  I could not recall tlio name as thnt. of any  one. of my:frieiids/or acquaintances and,  could  not  conceive,of aiiy. reason   why  such a request should be made.   .lust to'  satisfy myself 1 dictated a.'note/to/the  writer,;asking ber. to.cull aiid see mc in  reference to the matter, and in the course  of a' day or two 1, dad a visit-from:the  young woman in! person)!'. Sliel.wnsa liue,  handsome youiig-woman.. /TliOjtcrm bus:-,  oiu would ha rdly, a pply to lier; she was  altogether trio'; cultured ;and;refined/ for  that.    Her whole /appearance"; indicated  that she was not'oiie to whom tlie financial consideration involved: would appeal  very strongly.;.: The.inbiiieutl saw lier 1  kuew she couid not be;' applying on ;the  strength .of any; previous acquaintance. I  had never seen her.before.['���yi:/;y������'���������['��� -X���  Xy'You. desire/n pass to '���r���','..,1 ;said to  her by way��of introducing the"shbject.'���,-:���  "'Yes.Vshe replied.;,*'I woiild.consider  it a fiivor if.yoii.will bekiiid enough to  furnish iiieone.' ;-'77"7: 77: .-���:' :X:i ���'-'. ���"ir ���'.'-.."-.'  :.-,-. '"Oli  what; Igrounils.^fmight/l/ask, ,:ls  the h'pplicatioti iiinileV.; Ybii kiiow wea're  in the habit.of tre'niing/tlii'se.matters as  purely, business,transactions;..,  Have you  aiiy" busiuess; reasoii  tb7advatice ns the  basis of your request?'.���':.;;7/'::777;  :   *' 'Well.* no. / I   do' not;"think; I7eyer  thought of)the matterlin/tlint light,  indeed, I do hot tl.iink.I should-haye.ever  thought of/applying/for/a pass7liad not  Severn I of 'tny cliissniates been/ provided  witli-:thcni,*'ahi!..'I didnot'see.nriyl.-i'erisoa-  why, when ..tliey. bad thetu... I/should not  liaye.oiie: too.  ;'I*hcir:parents:(ire,as.rich:  us. mine; and I could see, lib'.'reason why,  thby-'slio'uM-,riilo7frei,',n'n\l'I'-|pn,v//-iiiAya_it-/  cd.tobe on an eqiial.;rootiiig with.tliem.' ..'.  " 'Do you: liiiifw.on, what;grounds they;  received: tlieir passes?' /.-;/ 77 77-  ;/"7 ' '  '/." 'Oh.tiie. fiitliernf one is n'rnilroad di-.  rector. '..'I' He . got   his ^daughter; her, pass.  Another.is', tlii'vdiiiigbliir. of. n: liirge/.maiui-  f.'ictiirci;. wliii/'sbip7/ Irainlo.'ids  of/goods'  .over-tiie'roiiil/.1 AnoibV'i' is tlie" diiuglitcr  of.a geiieinrsuperiuU'udeut.  .She-travels  ��� tveey���',;..yr:yyyi: iii.Xy-y:iy--,yi iy':-i"  e.i". 'And'yoiir;fntli''r?''/7/.;/,;/;,7/7/./: /-')7  '"Ob, bis. money is /in other/kinds of;.  iiivesi'iiieiilV;- ���'��� Ue is tiot'a railro'ad/mun.' '.  ;;,;.','.Well. .vou :scc.:yiiur case.ds'lilifl'erent  froniriiny/oi'.ilibpi',yon/bnve meit'tipni'd.';:!  *;" :Yi's7 1: liiiciw it; is.' biit/l/iyaiit to/do;  luviiyiyilliat least'soitielpftlieldin'ei'ciice./  I iloiiiiit/l'vniit to pnyl'wlieu1 tiiiiy.caii/ride;  free.'..yXiiXy /s--;/)1-^,--;'7' 7.;:'. X.^yXyy-y:  ',:",'Yoii/woiiid;li:inl!y,tliink; it reasonable/  to  iisk "for.fri'e  titinKpoi'tnliiitV'/fnr ithel  wiidli'stliiiiir.vViii :il*ii|iil)7w��ii!d*yoli'*.'Vr,* t  ���v-'-'I'.I   never, thiiiiglit/iif"llie.reasonableness..; All I-thought of wastlnit unless 1  conld get, ti/pass ,l.rtt'biilil '.have-'.'to -pay,;  ���ivliile.soine 'otlier/girls coiild.rido free.';  "-'But if I should give'ybu'a/pass you  woiild be /riding, free nnd some other girls,  .Avoiild.he_piiyiiig.li_Tliorewqiililil>ela,dif-  feieiicclii'lweeh you, anil ��� tlieni' still.';:b':>y'  ", 'Ob. yes. but I do hot care uboiitlthat  I'ind'of a difference.   1 want to be always  classed among tlio,most.fortimnte.' .  ��� '"���''  " 'Wi'll. you are candid about it, anyway.   I like Unit.   Strictly speaking, you  ure not cutitled tb any pass, and I should  turn down your application with a cold  refusal, but owing to your candor I sap-  pose I shall have to make an exception in  your case.'  "She got her pass."-  ADVENTURE WITH A MOOSE.  Tbe Bis Aiilmnl Dlniilntrcd Both Cun-  o   ulna:, nnd Carefulness.'':  One day when Henry had gono on a  solitary cruise to look but a nuw tnd  soniewhcre Albert,' the cook, went with  me canoeing. We floated quietly ulon���,  aud presently I heard the splashing ot  some large animal walking slo\ Iv  through the slush close to the shore, savs  Frederic Irland in Scribucr's Magatim  ^Yatchillg an opening in'the -evergreen  growth, 1 saw tlio shape of a huge bull  moose, with his new: antlers alreudv  grown n foot or more. I saw he would  come out at the bead of a,littlo began  not far nway. ..   , ./-  Wo paddled as far ns possible to tho  'nearest point, niul, jumping on the ice, I  went ashore with the ever present camera. In front ot mo wns it" littlo hillock  covered with scattering'.spruces.- From  tlie top ot this the ground fell to nh open  barren, but Along the water's edge the  growth'was thick. The uiooso was not  in sight, and I stood a coiiplc of minutes  watching for hint to cross the open in  front, hoping to make a picture.  Tlie snow on the land side of the hillock was drifted very deep. The footing  seemed fairly secure, and I walked along  the edge of the drift toward the bushes,  where I knew tho moose must be. ..Without preliminaries the.snow gave way, and  1 was lloutiderihg in the soft inass. Then  it was'that, looking over iny right shoulder, I beheld at my side the great, motionless moose,, with cars thrown forward, nostrils distended mid eyes solemnly bulging, a black stntuo of dignified  curiosity.^I";"-'/;  ..-'���-.    I :-;���*"���/,7'^  Even in my momentary panic I could  not help noticing how cunningly ho kept  n biisli betweeu himself and me. This  linbit of the moose/Is* one tiling which  makes him so hard to "-'photograph*. ��� But  I'was chiefly concerned then to get:out  of that Roft- siibw. Hud tho ..moose/  known it hehada line chaiice to avenge  some of his brothers whom -I; had slain  in former years. /.Two 'jump's.would have  put him on me.' /But lie only pulled his  gray muzzle buck into the bushes, faced  ubout and stole away; without making  a sound.-'- /; '������'���' ���   ������'������'":'  I took the camera to the cahoo and  shook the snow out of the bellows.: Then  Albert and 1 went to look;nt the tracks,  and we" saw; that; the.moose :hnd not  run, but carefully placed'each foot where  the walking was best aridlso taken himself away .without' turmoil..,   ���  departments after they had reached positions where tliey thought no oao else  could take their places.-  A Potent Plen.  "Ilugghin is your nnme, eh?" said tho  mas,isti itc to tin deftndnut who was a  tnllLduf      Mauud or fainglc'  Mairnd" icphed the defendant in a  ���ou  voice  nm' What's .our excuse for being  ill mil '    Spi il   louih r "  I sin I m mmlcd" the defendant  sliontod this tunc  Mi1 lints sufficient excuse I'm  mjiiiLiI mjsclf    Dischaifced"  HOURGLASSES  liny Have ^l>t bum Out of Stvle by  a I on^ Shot  Most pcoph llilnk tint houiBlisses  ��tnt out of st\li m us igo' biul a  tltiU In a lucnn thbd stud htote,  ' along with perukes aud Unee brecehea,  but as a matter of fact we liave'inore  calls for them today than wo have bad"  at any time within the last ten years.  That this renewed popularity of the  hourglass niigurs Its universal' acceptance as a tlnieplece by the coming generation I iim not prepared to.say, but  If such a reunissauceWare to become  assured���;It would be uo/ more Burprls-  Irig.thao souie of the other recent/fads  based on a revival of /lost /customs.;;  Anyway' d-.brief study ofltiiii/iiourglass/;  will do: iiobody harm. There arethou-  sands In this generation who have not;  ���he slightest/ Idea; what, au;-hourglass  looks like," aiul/It w-oii't, hurt theiii to  broaden their education a little ,along[.,  certain Hues.;//;     ;;;;7;7 lip:.''iyXiyx"  Of,the/hourglasses sold at'present/;  NAPOLEONISMS.  I made a great-blunder in not erasing  Trussia from the map; of. Europe., 7,  -..After.my. fall .the.voico of fortune bnde  me die; honor 'compelled'-ine' to live. 7 '���'.,',  . I hate illusions) Thnt is why the world  meant for me always the fact mid uot-tlie  right.-:.;-;.:7;/.:-./;'-'7..;/.-- yyXXii i, :i i\x  There is no future for me except when  I sliall be ho more.*:Calumny cnu reach:  'me only so long risl live:: 7;7,;; 7.7":'/'. ��� |;;!  Ihnve been compared to many eclobrnt-.  ed men, both iiiqdeniland ancient; in  point.of. fact, I.resemblo none./:,I '".���'": lyi  When I had doiie7yitli the reyolution, I  made public 'opinion,: hnd succeeded; /.to  tlie inteuse nstouishuicut'of the revolu-;  tionists)"ix-'X'- 7-/::;,;777;.//7''.;;:;-."7;.:77.7\;7  Ilad/I.wished to be merely, chief .of the  revolution my-partwouldliaye; soou been  played./,.Iibecame its:,master)'becniise/I  hud.ii sword/;,7:7/';,"H/'7''7'';'_77';:7)7777  Ihnve) bcenlextrnvngniitly, praised;, like  all sovereigns who a.cliieyelextrabrdiuai'y  feats', but r-':"blways";.'kiiew;-.whii't'.iiiy!-iln-''  ���triusic .value was)yXyl;Xi.jyillXyXi>^y.y..;:  y.The/word "liberal"/that..'.hns7sb/' much.  charm for ears; of;idealogues has been in-,  vented.'by myself);;/.Ifljllam'.a1:usurper,;  they.are plagiarists.)" -;:"iiyXXyi,���'���.')���"iXiy'-'l  Prbm/'tLc- moment I~ became chief of  the gbvernmeutl looked to myself for, ad-/  yice7,aud did-well.77My.mistakes date  froni the/moment I began to listen to; ad-  ;visers.::i;jv:.,';.'';i/;7/7!":7 )'-"':"7;'77''7; ''-.''77/'  '--J-;, liave three /great dnys/ln my/ life-1-;  Marengo, Austerlitz I and Jeun-riinless I  wo'tilil.ndd ds "fourth': that' on, wliichllgavb  audience tothe emperor of Austria5 in a  :ditch.7,-.'/./-1;7/,:''/'7.v//;;;^-v//7'/:7"):;7;'777':  ,; Kings.never lack cnvnliers about'them.  I never '-allowed 'criticisms. /You ask a  phys'iciaii/to cureii"fever,'not/tb/satirize  it)77'navc**yoii:;reiiiedies?:.7/Adniiiiisti;r,  thciii! / You have not ?;���-,, Hold yoilr:tbiigue)1  .Eiirbpe copies/my laws: my institutions  are imitnted, my wbrksbbught;Ibiie apiis  inj'7 politics ;;niid/.:eyeh: tlie* tone): of/iny;  court. / My ��� 'government;,: has v hot/;/thea);  bccu*''as,ausurd;;uiid,as/bad .as was/given  but.���Froin '"Maxir.ies/etlPeusees "du  Prisonier de Ste^'Uelene.V.-O/fV'ViS'-'S-';?:^  J tiie: three -minute glass Is tn the load,  This glass Is used almost exclusively to /  iiicnsui'e time in lioiling eggs,; and its  usefulness naturally places its. sales a ,  little lu��adyiinet)iVbf the .morel souti-//  meutal varieties.; /Next:como/the Ave, /  teu aud tlftoen minute and /'full: hour '  glasses, /which) are) bought; chiefly by/  imislelnus for piano; practice/and  by  lodges and secret sbelotlc's.;;,:;)''.- 77 ;  "The sand used iuati hourglass Is the  very lliiest tlint theWorld affords.   The /  Avcstern coast .of Italy furnishes./most  of it, as It has done for ages past)   The  cost of hbtn-glasses" is r'egulaU'd by the/  6riianicntatl6u of the frames)/ Al;glass;/-  set in a plain* rosewood :case can lie I  boiiglit for $1.while a liiahogany frame ���'  Comes to S1.50)or?2.- .Of course, the/;  price can be brought) up still higher; by';:;,.  fancy I carving a nd decornt iou.; / Swell' /  lodges sometimes go/|to;tills/extrti'-ex-  pense, but : niost; iic.iple, are satisiled .-'  witli the cheaper- grades.";/' 7'"i-yy-'l'x',  :l7;777.The)Inaisperiiiiiblei;Mnii;I;'A-;7;);'7  ;::,Somb./bf .the/mo'st,"successful.;,business  men7iu7this7cpuatry7make7it)'a;;;ru^  dispense':with the/s^  their Jci_iploy;;no7hiattcr/h^X'mPb1'taiit  ihisjppsitipnniayl/be^as soon as lie comes  to' regard himself, as ''indispensable)" :':'.;  /This uiaysceih harsh;and even.unbusi-  ncssliko./but it /we, look _, into it.wb sliall  liiid-that?tlmreis7wisdbni/iri/ this/practice. ;.'Experience proves thiit the moment  a niuu/lqoks/ upou himself as absolutely  necessary- he usually ceases to exercise  to-tho,fullest,extentitho^f.iculties7which;  have helpedriiim to rise to that. iudispen-;  sable point, .file becomes nrrbgaut;and  "dictatorial, rind his influence in)an organization is bound to be more or less'/deuibr-'  nlizing. :Mnny concerns: haveibeeu seriously; embarrassed;,by.rtliet conduct: of  managers,  superintendents7qr.heudslot  :7THE :POULTRr-YARD.; ;;// /  :..-. (Gravel pr|.coarse sand Is)as /much[X  needed ':as'.ordinar>'.; food./ //7'/ /;)/ 7;):)';;:)/:  /All chickens'waiit;forJiealtii;)grpwtb/7;  landlgood:conditions is plain, nutritious /  [toodJyiXxy:yyyiyyyX:'-y  ); Evenwhenltlie fowls have an unllin-;;  ited ���) range 711 '���; Is;. ai good plaii:. to'.^ f eed ;  ittiem/every/evcnltig.-..;^  //ipneioftbeifirstithings/to/leiirnlcai^  poultry .Isltimt they/must be kept.clean,;;  {and.fi'eefrpin.'.y.crmi^  Jj-Peafbwls aie ;iiandspmc;^  With" thelieast;7care oi7hny': kind  of;;;  lfdwIs77!:Ti]ey/arerproliflc/lay^r_i;niid a;;-  good protectiou against;lifiwks7'j;)7')/.;;;=;.'.;;  / /Haw bbtiecoiitaiusi every) pari; of,an;)  egg���white) Jj-blk /nud /shell:/' I There fore;;  It should be7kept;cqnstantly before lay-/;/  liighensjn-the graiiulat^)fbrmv^/S;/v77  > I One of the best|ways of rem^ingltcej;  fromlfo/wls is^tb maWthem/dci/Itlthen^/;  selves I by;hayiug7a/iot/pf^dry/earth ;  ^iiere'theyican^dust tlieniseiyes/when-/  )ever;:they7fee_;liUe)it./)/*^f:77;r:7;/S;:';;./^^  ; 7 The coinb; is always Ian Index; to the  'condition of tlie bird. / Whenithelcoiul},.  Isiiwhlte ^r/vcry")pale.,or>yery|-black)y;  .something lis: ,w|rong.77A): heaith'y;;fpyyl'7  IshpwB; a' /bright); scariet /ccip_'7iir/tl_e;i/  IcombiW-- 7;v,^ ;;7 _; ������;77;,;V':7"^77::'77,;t~7 7,7)77^7y7-:  ..ii  1  -;;->:Where tlie.')Lbtu�� Inioonia.::  ;;VNb;'.Vji>aid:\thii;: Ingenue.; "1 ;,jl li n't.  Ilka  "Why/not?" .asked;'theIcbni'ge/.st.udent./;; |  "Because)" ;.re>ippiided ;_8lie,V|bhisliing)ift  ; "yoii/|iiive| to|sit Itauldem/all^tlieJtimei'lT-;;':/  -TowuJTopics;;/y7Z775:77'i;.'. Iyy4yiyiyxy'ii,  i\iX^:^iyxXy'ii0nlyiifInman^yXyyyi-yy 'xy!  ft)?Mnnnger^of'!ilidwny:^^itisemn' at )Pan-;  l^ieri��in7;Exposition--- What's' all/that ;;  Iscrehmiiig a'lioiit?.':;'Xiy.://''';:/')/:''XXyi-H-x ���:.-'.  ../.Cnlsliier-^Why./Katitna. jho*liidy.;siinlce.  clinrnier,) just saw: a  mouse!���Brooklyn  /Eagle.')///'-*);7; - ii 7 i -iy. 7 77777fe7/7;l7)  )';'/::|).'A'Mnlt.cf,of'':EBK��.:77"')/":'/;.  ������', i '.'Is lt: true that Biucehi.n hns; joitied "the I-  'Dowioites.?''/.;!; 7;.7;l'-|-77;:';-777"):77?77;7'';l '���-/;:  ;:.::"Ves)::;He said the audieiic'ii'iisedfresn-./);  er eggs'tliaiilthey .did hi the;prbyiirtes."^v77  .Di'troii. Ji>u'ruoL../-/-7!;);;73);i'7;;).ij?.:;')7';773);  frijrtiorfttic^r  7;iWHlle--Pa))wlib:wiis)Sliylock?:i';i./: ;)  :';.)Thej,Fatber-rG6odhi!ss.;,.l)py,l .You attend -church/and Sunday 'school /every  week mid don't know who Sliylbck IwasI  :You ought to be ashamed of yourself.���  l.pndou.fc/un. .;.,  ,.. y..,yy,.!.-.r-.l:7!,,iyy[  ������iii:i:':"i ���'���: '   .xiiuxyiy.  AnditGures ^  Sore Throat and Whooping/ Gough.    '  Becauso It contains turpentine seme people Imagine that Dr. Chase'h Syrup,of Linseed and- Turpentine is  disngi-ceublo to, the taste., .On ihe contrary,"-It'-.ls 'sweet and palatable, and children lovo to take.it. They  soon learn that, besides being pleasant to; take, lt .brings Immediato relief to soreness, IrrUatlonahd lnflaiu-;:  ination of the throat and iuiigB.; At' thl^senlson of 'the -year all mothers desire to have lh tho houso somo/ re-  iiniile mL'tilc'lhn-tol'pivc,whoh''t_i'o children catch colds,'or awake in tbo night -with.tho hollow, croupy. cough  which sti iltcf, a chill to every -mother's heart: ��� lYoii/canrely 'absolutely on/Dr.. Chase's Syrup pf;Ltosei^and;  1'iii'penlinc.      It hat! stood tho.;test. ���;'.' '���:..--'������.  :nt--:!'.it.'.f.:.l-}f.C-. ���)���;���:���. ���:������;;'."-'*    ',y~'i.X,','//> .'X'.r',.i'-.iyXi'X .,.0';,''���:",'-&<���."������'.',:.:  DR. CHASERS  M  Tlicre are other preparations of linseed and turpentine put up.in imitation of Dr.,; Chase s.;!:, Be^Bure thej  pi.rlrail and signuturo of Dr. A) W.; Chase aro on tho bottle you buy.:/U5 /cents a;bottlo;; ���family'.slze.^th'-'ie;  times ia-. much. 00 cents.   All dcaIc��-or/,Eamans6n,;-.BatMy&.C^  m  ���^MnnBiMgqmiKMtW  ��� wma ���jamuifjs.  ��� ���. ������a^_*,*.'j.  �����j��;<i|WI_iy^iyg THE  LENGTH OF TIME;  Sixty questions make an hour,  One (or every minute,  And Neddy triea, with all his might, ,  To get mora questions in IU  Sixty questions make an hour,  And as for * reply  The wisest iage would stand aghaat  At Neddy's searching "Why!"  Sixty questions make an hour,  And childhood hours are brief,  60 Neddy tua no time to waste,  No pauses for relief.  Sixty questions moke an hour.  Preitol   Why, where ii Ned?  /Ias, he's gone mid in his plan  A qucition point Instead!  ���I'rlicilla Leonard fn Churchnuii.  QOooQOooooooOOooOQooOOooGQ  ITIGHTSHIP A  ill    ^NoA  By A\. Qu'&d.  80c  Copyright, 1901, by C. B. Lcwli     6  300OO00CO00OO00OO00OO00OO  One da.V'30 years ngo It was reported  to the Trinity, board, which has charge  of ail the lights on the coast of Great  Brltn.ln, that a shoal had made In the  English channel about nine miles due  east of the Lizard.   At the spot indicated there had been 30 fathoms of water ever since a British ship went to  sea, and the board of course argued  tlmt'thore had been a mistake.  It was  a fishing craft which reported the shoal  and found only 14 feet of water over  '   It, and a craft, was sent out at once to  make an olficl.il Investigation.   What  hnd happened was this: It was a bowlder strewn bottom, and two or three  old wrecks had drifted together and  piled up on each other until a dangerous obstruction had been formed.   It  was as If a great rock had suddenly  been beaved up from the bottom, and  '     the board must guard against the. danger without delay.  , Thirty years ago the diver's dress  was not what It Is now, nor could men  handle explosives under water us today. After two or three vain nttempts  to clear nway the wrecks the work was  left for a storm to accomplish, nnd,  meanwhile lightship No. 4 was moved  around from Mount's bay and anchored near the spot and notice given to  mariners. Captain Crox had been In  command of No. 4 tor two years, having  throe   men   under  him,  and  no  SHEWAswrrnouTiusTonlsAnjOiioABS.  change was made In tbe crew, no was  called  a: reliable, .steady going man,  and hls.men .were steady, sensible fellows.  The change was not one to le-  Joice over.  No. 4 was a stout hulk of  about 600 tons burden, with a comfortable berth for a crew,-but out there the  '���  water was in constant motion, aud tlio  danger of collision at ulgbt or during a  fog was something to harass tbe mind.  It happened to be fnlrlsb weather for,  the first three days, but on the fourth a  s    gale sprang up. and the hulk was set  bouncing In a terrible way.   It wasn't  that the sea was so heavy, but tbat the  waves'swirled'around the old wrecks  In such a way as to produce a cross sea  ' and a terrific jumble,, and tbe groaning, straining bulk seemed to be bob-  ' blng about on a bed of yeast.  ���  The watches,were divided so,thnt  * two men .were on duty^ torjauf hours  ' whllk'tbe other two slept'CThnt"nlght!  It was the captain's watch from 8 till  midnight.   There was but'little to be  done..after tbe,.llgbts, were displayed,  A lookout was kept, and port Arcs and   roekets'werc at.hand_to_w.irn_ves.ielg  away and signal'the shore.   The gale  hadjpiped up btrong, with a drizzle.of  'rain and a dark night, uud one could  not have been, more uncomfortable off  the'cape In''ii'winter's gale.   It had'  como 10 'o'clock 'when- a sudden hall  reached the lightship, The captain was  nft and liis^niate forward/bu't ho know  at orieeftlmt'.the.ShaJl'.'cameVfrom 'seaward. It was not bo dark .but that one  could have seen a ship 300 feet nwoy,  even though she had no llghtt) abonid.  As boou as port lire was Ignited the  sea lighted .up foY 'hundreds of  feet  around lu a ghastly,way. andJiotlMiien  looked for the craft tliey '.supposed to  ,: be near by.  They looked .In, vain until  the signal wns nearly finished. Then a  ship's yawl, driving tight up lu,the,  teeth oMhe'gale. hove Into1 vlew/'She  was without mast or sail or' oars.nutl  tbe only figure In her sat lu the stein  sheets, and  his anus and  legs were  bound; araadd},wItli'l>opos.-' Tlit?'.-njnti  was bureheiided nnd dressed as a hinds,  man.'^ntid.ns hydrp,H past ^v'ltbln 20  feefW the rail they 'had' a''lo&k''squnre  into/his eyes/tond'the agony on his  face made them shudder.' They'started  to tlfrow^bim^a.jroiit*, but tisjtheicoll  swurigpln't'lie'alr they reme'mbeVed thot,"  belng��t.oiind.'MrVd6ul(] rnafc'o ho'tise of  It. 'I'UfeKuwJ^n^d ll)^ mail, went straight^  10 wlmiwaVd'ttbdr'l__^a',|VoupIe''of infn-'|  utes were out of sight/and the men  , found themselves all n-tremble.   Capiat u Crox was full of Indignation over  thev Crime of sending "a man afloat In  that manner and of pity for the victim  when bis mate touched hlni on the arm  and shouted In his ear:  "If I was ashore, captain, all tlio  money In England would not bribe ni*  to set foot on this deck again."  "What's the matter with ypu?" wai  called-in reply.; "It's only n bit of shore  villainy that we must report to the tender."  "It's nothing that's happened ashore,  sir. Did you take notice that the craft  was driving right In the teeth of the  gale? It wasn't a live ninn In that boat  She was going to windward with, a  ghost, and I'd givo the bit I have In the  bank If I'd not seen her."  ; The captain would havo given the  man n good dressing dowu for his silly  notions only thnt the boat had actually  bec-nhendlug to windward In the teeth  of a gale which no ship could have  made an,Inch of way.ngiilust., Being  positive of this nnd not being nble to  explain It, lie could sny little,or nothing. It'.was agreed between thorn, however, that nothing should be snltl to the  other watch when It turned out, and  they went on duty without knowing  that anything out of the way had happened.   While carrying the nffalr out  with' I pretended  Indifference,Captain  Ciox wns, as a matter of fact, pretty  thoroughly upset over It, and oh turning In he found that he could not go to  sleep. Ho had been lying Inbls bunk  nnd turning tlie matter over In  big  mind for an hour or so and the gale  was still  howling and  the lightship  bouncing: about when he realized from  the movements of the watch that they  had been hnllcd.   lie was out of bed  and on deck just as one of tbcm had  lighted a port fire, and you can Judge  of his feelings when Ac saw the former  scene reacted.   There were tbe yawl  and  tbe man,  and  the  boat  slowly  forged past and disappearedItc.wlnd-  ward. Three pairs of eyes saw her this  time, saw the hound victim nnd the  terror and despair oh his face, and lt  was absurd to think It a delusion. I The  lightship had been balled, as before,  and one of the watch had; thrown a  rope which landed fairly across the  jawl.  There was no more sleep tor nny ono  aboard No. 4 that night, and next day  when the gnlc broke nnd the tender  .came alongside all demanded to he put  ashore nt once. The captain was as  badly rattled as any of the others.  They were gtiycd and ridiculed, of  course, but they stood so firm that the  tender brought off another crew, and  they wero relieved from duty. They  were no sooner ashore than they got  the bounce. Trinity board wanted no  old women or children In Its service.''  Tbe story got Into the papers, and tho  men were a laughing, stock for a week.  At the end of that timo there was another gale, and the man nnd the boat  appeared to the new crew twice In the  same night aud diove them ashore, as  they had the old.. , .    -  A third crew went out, and for two  weeks tbe leather was fine, and tlie  board began to prepare to remove the  wreck's. Some progress had been made  when a tlnee days' sale set In from tho  north,  nnd" there  were' more wrecks  than had been known for ten yenrs before.  Foe two days the lightship hung  to her anchors, though having a signal  of distiess out after the first dny. but  ,when the ,-,ilo abated she had disappeared.   She  had   been   swept  down  channel and out to sea and a week later was passed bottom tip more than  300 miles away. The same storm broke  up and removed tlio wrecks, and there  was no longer need of a light at the  spot. t Trinity board would hnvo, none  of the" men back, though/there were  eight of them to tell the same 'grow-  some story, but none of tliem repined  oveimuch.    They   had   been   driven  ashore by a specter, but It had been a  warning to save' them from the fate  that took the last quartet  THE FORGIVEN LIAR.  He told > He!   llu heard lier sigh  And left the crowd awhile  And called her pretty, and the looked  Up through her. tears to untie.  Her hcatt that had been fad before  Was glad again and light;  Bhe laughed all da}, and angels danced  Around her bed at night.      \  Be told a He; her fact was plain;  He knew that it was to. r*  He lied ami make lterglad, and God  Forgnvc the lie, I know!  ���S. K. Klscr In Chicago Rccord-IIenlJ.  CHiaUITAl  A Sailor's Premonition.  ' In his autobiography, "A Sailor's  Log." Rear Admiral Itobley D. Evans  relates a strange instauce of premonition which'a fellowsallor'bnd the night  before -the attack ou Fort Fisher, In  January, ISC3.   He says:  "We had on,board, the Powhatan a  fine young seaman named Flnnnlgan.H  who came from Philadelphia.   On the  night of the 14tb of .January he'enmc to  my, room with a small box iu bib band  and snld'to me. 'Mr. Evans, will you be  "kind enough to take'cliarge'ofi this box  for .me���it/ has some little trinkets in it  (.r.nndglve'It to my sister In Pklladel-  ���pljInV'- I asked him why he "did not de-  Jlyerlt himself, to which, he' replied. *'l  nip going ashore\w!th yon tomorrow  and iylll,be kllled/V^-told him how  mnnyJ bullets iit,rcqulred'to<klll a man  In notion ;and:_ln-other'ways-tried to  shalte; his convictions,, butr It- was no  tibei-he stuck to It. -He showed rib nervousness over It, but seemed to regard  It as a matter of course.   I took the box  and, after'making, n>proper memorandum, putlt nway among my things.  ."On' the afternoon of'tho ne.\t day  when'we wore charging tbe fort and  Just ns we came'.under fire nt about  SOO yards I saw FInuulgan reel out to  one side and drop. the., first liian lift.  with a bullet through hls'heart.' J step  pi'd quickly to his side ntad asked ir he  were badly hurt.   The'only reply wan  a smile as he lookedjUp'l.iito 'my face  and rolled over dea'd.' ��� The box was delivered as ho requested."  ��� '' *"   r*" '*"���'��i ���  ��� f; .Tart noney.',! !������_���- .,<_���'  $A' small stlnglbss bee'lsifound In iho  qtaio of Slnnlott aud In Teplc.' Tlie hon-'  ey of,these bees Is not gieat In quiintl  Ned Ileyrios, or, ns bis card read, "Edward T. Herrlcs, C. 1.:," stood lu tho  doorway lof the Rough Diamond and  looked gloomily forth at the rain as It  fell aslant the cactus growth and chap-  paral on the red soil of the mesa.  From tho saloon within came the rattle of dice, the chink of glass, the rattle  of coin and the muiniur of deep, hoarse  male voices. The Rough Diamond was  a most lucrative and flourishing institution In the little railroad town of  Picture Canyon, on the line of tho Union Pacific.  '���It was one of those places which at  that time sprang up In a night and are  deserted.In a.day along the line!of the  great road. Indeed, they followed the  track, and .wherever track laying ended  temporarily theie a town was certain  to spring up almost ns If by magic.  Ilcrrles was attached to the engineer  corps of tho road nnd hnd been for  some time stationed at Picture Canyon,  a city'of some 0,000 inhabitants,: mostly  males,  and  which  was   neatly  a  month old; so antique Indeed that an  election for mayor aud common council wns being agitated by tho more enterprising members of the community.  Harvard bred, delicately nurtured, accustomed to ail the refinements of life  which wealth guided by coriect taste  may give in, nn,old and settled*community, tho rude surroundings of his  present life hnd nt flrst disheartened  Ilcrrles; but, being at bottom a man of  good sense and pluck and possessing a  splendid  constitution,  magnificent  biceps, standing six feet and over In his  boots, the man who had been i'nlt's especial terror at right tackle and .who  had filled the beat In the varsity eight  would hardly flinch at hardships which  other men bore without complnint, even  If nt times his boul giew  weary of  oaths aud liquor, maddened men nnd  brawls and bacon and muddy coflee  and hardtack.   Indeed, be grew nt last  lo like the wild freedom of bis life, as  nil men will doln tlnio,; and he was fast  taking on the exterior of a genuine  frontiersman whenhe���  When he met Chlqulta!  Chlqulta was 11 sprite.   She was the  true daughter of rocky canyon and desert mesa���a genuine child of the Sierras  and a woman withal.   Her reputed fa;  ther was an  evil eyed old  Mexican  named Ramon, ostensibly a herder of  otlier men's sheep, ic.illy a gatheier of  other men's coins.   Chlqulta kept bouse  for him in a tumbled together shack on  the outskirts of the town and here entertained her father's guests.   She was  brilliantly pretty, with the rich rose  red flushing ber olive cheeks, her white  teeth flashing between ripe, dewy, crimson lips, with glorious brown eyes under heavy archiug brows and shaded  by such long, curling lashes as would  make one's heart ache, especially, the  heart of a frontiersman. In whose life  female beauty Is a tich and rare event  Mnny a' dollar had Chlqulta's eyes  and lips brought to old Ramon's sheepskin pouch, nnd still he was nthirst for  more gold. ���    >  It was of this nerries wns thinking,  for he knew Chlqulta, nnd It was this  which, thinking of it, drove him out of  the warm and cozy barroom (tbe only  place where he could possibly stay,  save In his cold and cheerless tent)  and' forced him to cool his heated brow  In the cool, wet wind which blew from  tbeimouth of Pleturecanyon. >  He was roused by a voice, a deep,  slow, plainsman's voice, addressing  him:  "Pardner, you are a good one for a  tenderfoot; leastways I've sorter tackled to you sence I seen the way you  whnpped that 'ere cowboy chump en  belted-blm-with-liis-own-gun.T-Sotne  tenderfoots ain't got no sand, but yon  have, on:I'll not see you double teamed  on 'cf I kin help It, sho's I'm fum  Texas, which I'm known as Black  Waxy Jim."  "Why. what's the matter?" broke in  Ilcrilos on Black Wasy's harangue  as he turned and regarded, closely the  tall, athletic figure'of the man beside  hlni. "-   ' ���     ���      *  iThe Texan jerked his thumb orer his  shoulder In the dliecllon nf the barroom.  ,"Iu thai'," he said In a low .tone,  "I liceru soincililu���about���about you���  en���on"���  ��� |"Chlqtiltn?"  '"That's It, pard.   you've called the  ileal.   It's jest about   that  'ore  little  giwiser gal, en you ain't llie fust, nor  yon won't be the lnrst.,1 reckon, that's  got Ills bide bored 'long of'her."  -' "What's ui), then?"  4" "Keep  your eye skinned  en  don't  go nigh old Ramon's shack.   I've warned you. ��� So long, pnrd."  \11tl Itlaclt Wnxylounged away Into  was tnost fierce, bloodthirsty and wicked even in that wicked and bloodthirsty  little community.  ��� "Denver Pete!" he mused. "So'be Is  going to do me up because I'm trying  to win that poor child from lier horrible life and save her for something better. I fear me, Edward, you're In no  end of n bad scrape.  "I'll not be bullied," he added and  frowned and shut close bis mouth and  clinched his bunds.  Hordes stalked back to tbe brilliantly lighted barroom. Among those present was the. gambler against whom  Herrlcs had been warned���a handsome,  pale faced, tall, slender man, dressed  with great neatness In black and without a single ornament visible���not even  Iho belt, which nearly every man wore.  He had a small, keen, hungry looking,  gray eye, and as he looked at Merries  he met the hitter's gloomy glance, smiled and turned to his friends with the  remark: c  "The kid seems worried about something. I wonder If by any chance be  has overheard us."  "Guess not; I he Jest come In a minute ago."  "Perhaps, perhaps," muttered Pete;  "but wc will soon know."  Events moved quickly In frontier  towns. As Herrles went out Pete arose  from bis sent.  Ills friends also sprang up, but he  made n gesture of dissent.  "No, boys. Leave this to me. If 1  can't deal with one tenderfoot, I certainly won't call In aid."  "But he might get the drap on ye,"  persisted one.  Pete shrugged his shoulders and  deigned no reply. He opened the door  uud was lost In the darkness of the  night.  ��� *���***���  About two hours later the Inmates of  the Rough Diamond,were startled by  hearing shots, cries..oaths, the heavy  thundering, of; a. horse's hoofs on the  rocky soli of the mesa aud then a long,  loud "Hurra-a-h!"  Then all was silent.  Asone man they sprang to their feet  and rushed for the door, but ere the  foremost man among them could reach  .itlit was burst violently open,'and; old '  Ramon  rushed  la.  followed by Pete  fiom Denver, who, bwaylng and staggering like a drunken ninn, called for  brandy and then came to the floor with  a crash that shook'the windows.  A babe1 of voices prevented nn explanation for n long time, nnd when  Pete bad somewhat revived he told  them what bad happened.  "Where's Chlqulta?" some one asked.  A "spasm of wrath convulsed the features of the dying man.  "Gone," he gasped; "gone with that  cursed tenderfoot."  "How did It all happen, Pete?;'  "He  was  theie  when  I  got there.  Chlqulta was all dressed and ready to  go off with him���womanlike, curse her!  He saw me coming.    His horse was  there. ��� Ho waited for me.   Oh, the fellow was game enough.   I said nothing,  but'opened on  him.    The girl being  there must have made me nervous, for  I missed my mini for the urst time."  "And then?"  "Why, he pumped me full of lead  before I could pull trigger. Hit me  fi\e times. Then he mounted 'and  swung the girl up In front of him. Old  Ramon came up and opened on him.  I got up aud followed suit. He got  back nt us once���his last cartridge���  and cnucrht Ramon, for I beard him  Sloan. Then the tenderfoot yelled nnd  lode off. Hoys, give me a big drink.  I'm done foi."  -And when they brought tbe drink a  fast chilling corpse wns all that was  left'of Pete from Denver to drink It.  And Chlqulta?  Chlqulta went to a convent In St  I.oulb. nnd left there four years Inter  n cultured and magnificent beautiful  ��� woman.  She will be pleased to receive any of  .Mr. Herrles' fi lends at ber lovely  home, and If you succeed In pleasing  her she will tell yon of that awful  night at Picture Canyon when a tenderfoot showed how tenderfeet can  light when a sweetheart Is at stake.  And old Ramon?  When they looked for htm, he was  gone. Nor was he or Edward Herries  ever seen again In Picture Canyon.  CHANSON BRETON.  Alaa. my loie is far aua>.  And there is naught can comfort me!  A gallant wooed me yi'SCcrday  lieneath the shady greenwood tree.  "Fair air," 1 said, "thy vows are. vain;  Tliis heart is wrung with heavy pain.  Aud lie I love���   Thou art not he."  With gauds ot Jewels and of'gold  And robes of pearl and silver thread  Came a great lord who would me wed  And give me all his heart 10 hold.  And then came Death.   0 sweet and fair,  Stretch forth thine arms and cla_p mc thtrel  V-.-tr D'.ath, do thou my hoily b.ar  There where my love i* lying coldl  Only thy brcust should nay "her head  Who never tuayile comforted,  ���Rosamund Marriott Walton In Harper's.  ��tor.o��,ono��>otp.oD*Hoi��o'*_o��oKo*��o.*  a ��  g     ITTrt   TTmmTT_7lTTXT*T\    *  HIS LITTLE WARD  o  X  o  o ��� -.    -.   ���o-0-����� ... l,iO  o A Story Having More to Do With o  *f the Child's Governess Than '*  X the Child Herself. *  Vo*o*40*40'��ioHoV.ooJ<oJ��o!_ioV��onoi��  stiffly; '���fifty pounds yearly for nearly  five years. It Is a nice little sum. 'Will  you please take it with lier now?"  Leslie Thomas tinned abashed from  the scornful brown eyes and by way of  diversion picked tip the child, who beat  him furiously with her ittle doubled  fists.  Leslie laughed awkwardly and set  her down.  "She Is a little ralte.V he said. "I  suppose she will not be tho worse for a  little mote coddling. What do you snyl  Shall we keep tho peace for nuothct  twelve mouths'."  The'girl.swept him a deep courtesy.  "My lord Is gracious," she s.ilii. with  mock: gratitude; nnd then, with a sudden change of iniiuner, bhe tut tied from  hlni, witli,a sob. and caught the child  passionately to her breast  It was very annoying. Leslie, Thomas threw the letter Impatiently on the  table nnd gazed for some time Into the  glowing embers of his bachelor flresldi*.  cWbnt bad ho done? . He, a6sober  minded, single man, to be saddled with  a child for the rest of his days; he,  who disliked children, to be the guard-  Ian and protector of a glrllwho.was  nothing to him until she should arrive  at an age to take care of herself. Yet  he had promised the .child's father.  With an Impatient sigh, he picked up  the letter again and read the contents.  Imagination In  Life.        ...  ' It seems piobable that a little Imagination Is very, much betterins a possession than n great deal. A little Is to  tlie dally incidents and events of life  what salt Is to meat Tbe relish It  bebto"ivs~uiJohTtliem'ls just ns good as  a -pleasure.' 'If you are In n soiry  plight, you can see help coming b.v its  aid. though, on the other band, you nre  not tormented by grievous relapses of  Impatience nnd despair upon the delay  of tbe arrival  of such help, as you  would surely be If you were as Imaginative as a poet.   And In like manner,  when you arc In tbe thick of prosper^  t'y,/iiiider Its gentle, judicious suggest-  ' lng- you are able to look ahead, foresee  ���the Inevitable squalls which shall follow Mich 11 spell of flue weather and  be pivp.iicd for them.   In fact, a cor  tain amount of Imnylnntlou Is,like lull  Inst to a bhlp. whereas 100 much acts  like a storm upon the same ship, catch  lug It with all balls bet-All the Vear  Uotind.  Dear/Mr. Thomas���I trust you will not consider  this a piece of interference on'my part, but I  thought;it;necessary for you to'.know that'your  little ward,' Eva Crcsham, has now reached the  ago,of five, without once, having.seen the face ot  her guardian. ��� I am anxious to know what you intend' to do in the way, of her education and  thought, perhaps you Xvould better Judge by coming down soon to sec her.' Yours faithfully,  ltOSB UER3CIIEU  "A piece of impertinence," said the  devoted guardian, biting his nails.  ,'Wbat Is It to do with Miss Rose Her-  echel, I should like to know? The child  ls nothing to me. However, I suppose  I must do my duty by her. I'll run  down to Sevenoaks and set matters  right straight away, packing my ward  off to a boarding school and Miss Impudence about ber business. She bns  had a nice, soft time of It looking after  that child, nnd now perhaps she will  be sorry she had a finger In the pie."  That was how Mr. .Leslie Thomas  found himself the following afternoon  outside a snug little villa at Sevenoaks.  Ho hesitated before knocking The  cottage, he thought, looked rather fine  for such humble Inhabitants, and yet  there was the name written up over  !the porch right enough���Woodbine Cottage���in big gilt letters. Filmy lace  curtains fluttered at the windows,  through which a glimpse of a daintily  furnished dralying room could be seen.  The window boxes were gay with Dowers, and the whole house had a thoroughly well kept appearance.  . In somo surprise Eva's guardian  reached up and lifted the shining door  knocker, wondering In spite of himself  that he had never had the curiosity to  venture here before. The door was  opened by a spruce maid,, to whose  Bkirts clung a little, girlish mite of five.  "Miss Herschel?" be inquired, with a  glance of Interest at the child.  "Will you please come In. sir?" said  the girl, aud Mr. Thomas followed the  girl Into the snuggest little drawing  room ever furnished. He hnd hardly  taken a chair ere Miss Herschel entered,: with ;Evn on! her hand.  She was a tall, graceful girl of about  eight and twenty, with a sweet, womanly face, frank eyes and a rich, glowing color..  "Mr. Thomas! I'm so glad you've  come. I thought you would," she said,  with a smile, betraying a bewitching  dimple In either cheek. "I did so want  you to know your little ward. Isn't  shea darling?"  "A nice little girl Indeed," stammered Leslie. "I nm glad you scut for me.  She is now nt an age when she should  mix up with otlier children. I will see  about a boarding school at once."  ,  "A boarding school!" The color deepened suddenly in Miss Herschel's  cheek, nnd her eyes Hashed indignantly. "A bo.ndiug school," she repeated  warmly, "for a delicate child like that!  Nonsense! She wouldn't live a month  of.It. Besides, I love her and.cannot  part.witb her."  The haughtiness and assurance with  which she spoke.surprlsed and Irritated  Mr. .Thomas,  who considered himself  Emboldened by a strong sense of duly, which had never troubled him be-  fure the Interview with Eva's good  friend, Leslie Thomas paid frequent  visits to the little villa! at Sevenoaks.  MIkk Ilersl'hel was. consulted a bout a  school in the neighborhood for his little  ward, her talents were discussed, her  toys ilio'-en and her pleasures arranged, nml Iu the mutual Interest for the  child's welfare the altercation,at their  fiist meeting was forgotten, and the  two became fast friends���nay, moie,  for tbe line color In Miss Herschel's  check deepeucd to nn alarming degree  when the familiar knock came nt the  door, and, although .Leslie Thomas had  as yet spoken 110'. words but: those of  kindly friendship, his eyes wore unconsciously eloquent.  But silence could not bo maintained  for long, and one day when Leslie bnfl  accidentally met her returning from a  walk he purposely returned to tho subject of a boarding school for the bap-  less little Eva.  This time Miss Herschel maintained  her composure and smiled severely. Sh&  knew her power now.  "Do you Want to be saddled with th&  child all your life?" he demanded.  "If you put It that way���yes."  "But you may marry,", this anxiously.  "In such nu event," began Miss Herschel, coloring and with a swift, upward glance, "she would still be in the  care of her guardian."  "Then you would leave ber?" asked  Leslie.  "Oh,: no.  She would still remain aa  my littlo daughter."  .This time her eyes were wltbdiawn,  for, with a burst of eloquence, Leslie  bad caught her In a close etnbiace.  "Do you really mean It. Rose?" he  murmured at length. "Can you really  look upon me ns a lover after���after  my rudeness to you and my brutality  to that child?"  "Yes, I thiuk I can." said Rose, smiling, "even after your 'hiutility.' But  listen, nnd don't think me quite disinterested with regard to little Eva. Her  father wns once betrothed to me."  "To you!" snld Leblle, suddenly re--  lenslug ber.  "Yes, but you needn't be jealousy,  dear. It wns n most prosaic affair, andi  he nfterwatd fell In love with and mar-  ���liitl Eva's mother, who died, as-youi  know, soon nfter the little one's birth.  IVihups it wns natural for" my poor-  Hriht'it when ho kuew that he was.  I'ylmj to wish to place the little orphan."  in my can'." < \ x  "Then you love the child for ber father's snU'V" said Leslie almost resent-  lulh  "No: for her own and for his sad 1  memory." said Rose gravely. "Is she to ���  be jour little daughter, too, or onlj/ ,  .  mine.  "Sho shall beourb." said Leslie. witD  some fervor. "She was the means of  br.nglug us together, and for that alone  I owe her a debt of gratitude I shall  never be able to repay."  "E\copt by being good to her and her  adopted mother for the rest of your  life." bald Miss nerschel, liftlug ber  lips temptingly. * -  And Leslie sealed the compact���Penny Pictorial Magazine.  t3V's !1:"^??l?mI'1,yc"^ HquW*iin.J IflM'tife ...itheiing gloom nnd mist,  gad  not to crystallize!:' 'Anolher  pe- *   .W(, ,oar  CI|cd  IItfn.leSi  cullnrlty of the honey,; 1^ fhnt.lt has _  "Hecldedly sour or tart taste','and en  'thisjaccotjntjltjs imich?souglit afte^as  .belng'a greater delicacy than'the bweel  I Boney' of'rthe'tame 'bee-.'''The'reason  " tifese bees aie smnll'tprdducers is that,  as they aro stingless. they nre constantly robbed by the larger varieties, the  tame bee being one of the robbers. ,  rushing  nftei him. ,"Tell me at least Mho my  enemy Is." 1      1   ���   . >   .   .���  ,-. Black Waxy turned and scanned the  young engineer closely'la the twilight.1  "Pete���from Denver!" he jerked out  nnd stiode rapidly off. ''  Herrles was a brave man, but his  blood'chilled at the mention of thai  name.  It was tbe synonym of all that  I't-ralnn Prnycr ltn����.        ,  About 'JOO years ago .small,embroidered rugs were largely intiile In 1 'ur-'  sin. olileily nt Ispahan.' Thcst' were  pi.iyer ii'gs, and on racli ,-f tliem nenr  one eud'wns a small en .i.ililercd 111:111;  to bhow where the bit ot sacred earth  from -Mecca was to be placed. Id  .obedience 10 0 Jaw of the.Koian. that,  the head,must beibowed to the ground  In ptayer,'tills* was touched b.v'the  fotehead wheui tho ptostrntlon* wns  'madCi'Tind so tbe letter of tlie law'was  can led out. The custom'still'prevails.**  The. Persian women who weave the  finest prayer rugs seldom weave any  ether Liud of rug.  a masterful man in his way  "Indeed," he snld dryly. "But the  future of the child must be considered  before personnl desires."  "She could go lo a dny school about  here, or���or I could spare time to teach  her."  "Thank you, but I prefer tbe Idea of  a boarding school," snld Leslie Thomas.  "You forget I am the child's guardian."  "And you seem to forget that 1 have  takou the place of the child's mother,"  said the girl quickly.  "Well, jou liaie been paid for It."  They weie Insulting words, and Leslie was sorry tlie moment he had utter-  I'd'tliem.   Even then lie was biirprlbcd  to": see the effect they  had  upon the  girl.  ' She rose Instnutiy.itrembllug In every limb.; the color, coming and going In  her cheeks.aud with her eyes ablaze  with ludiguatlou. u    ,    j,  , "l'ald ,for it! i'es," she said rapidly.  "And for all you Kuew anil for nil the  "Intcrcbt you took in me and the child 1  might have been a wicked, worthless  woman who accepted ��� the money for  ��� her own use and shamefully neglected  and ill used tbe child."  . 'WMth this she swept hlni a.look of.utter dUdn.in.iiDd. coiuempt nnd. walking  dver'to her'wrlting Table, unlocked n  d.nwcr and drew foitlr.i 'small' bo'\ 'iu  which reposed a little boaid of bank  notes ami golden coins.  "Here are Eva's bavlncs." she said  Verdi on Beilloi. ,  "Berlioz was a poor Invalid, at odds  with everybody, acrid and malignant, ,  He possessed great, acute genius.  The  tare gift of Instrumentation was his.  He  forestalled  Wagner "in  many or-  '  chest ml effects.   The Wagneriteji jjlll  not agree to this, but It Is so neverthe-"* "*"*'  less.   He  did  not  know   moderation!'  He lacked the calm and. I will say,  Ae equipoise that are indispensable to    .>  completeness lu art.   ne always went 7 "' .  to extremes, even when he_dld a pialse--l * v=��� I  worthy thing.   He was tt eared badly" ~c        '  enough   while  be  lived.   Now  be   Is   "' '  dead, hosannn!"  In 1S71 Arrlvabene sent some verses  en tbe nightingale and asked A'erdl to  Ect them to music. Verdi wrote' bis  excuses. * '  "Your verses are pretty, but 'you  know well that 1 am not "good at "doing fugitive pieces. And. then, do you  Imagine thnt after I had made n lew  trills and a few ascending scales,  thinking to Imitate the nightingale,  that I bhonld lime a melody? Ah. nol  Melodies aie not made of trill*, and  scales.  "Don't be angry with me If'I tun  down Rossini a little, for Rossini'need  have no fenr of abuse. Art will be the  gainer wheu critics know enough and  have the courage to spools tbe truth  ubotit hI_u."-Verdl'& l.etteis.  Early Icclionaei.  Ill ( America   Icehouses'  have''been  known  tor at  least  _!00 years. 'Tbey  were first very primitive <_flairs,' being'  nothing  more than  deep cellars, the"l  flooring made of boards or stone, upon  .which was placed u layer of straw,or  sawdust. ,,The sides were lined  with  hoards set about a foot liou'i the wall,    '  and this .spate was idled in with saw-'"  dust,  tan  bark or stiaw     A  rough, "  thatched'1 oof completed tbe structure.  <  which  was  then  filled  with  Ice. 'he-    '  tween tbe layers of which tan bark or  sawdust wns strewed. \  xm.  mm&t  'Mm*  im  il  p��  *S*"r!_'S  t''^w^l'"  n  mm THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.,  .DECEMBER 7, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY  IN  THE   INTERESTS OF THE MASSES  TIIE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEM'ENT     OF      FI.ACK     MJjOCK,  llASl'INOS  STREET,   VANCOUVER, 13. C.  SU1ISCR1PTIO.NS   IN   ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, IS cents; three  months, :;."�� ci'nisj.six inuuth.s, C*i cents;  ono je.ir, $1 ".Ti.  ���ENDORSED  1)Y  'PILE   TliAIDKS    AND  liAnon council, thu Vancouver I_AHOK PAIITY AND THE  aiUILDlNG TIIAD13S COUNC1I/.  daticm t'hat the Chinese exclusion act  Khali ibe ilmiiiediately re-enacted. Sir  John :Macdoiiail<l once said, after the  Geary law 'had been passed, thai till.  policy of Canada must now be one to  open the eatcS to the commerce of the  Orient, 'because the United States has  closed them. And tint this counti y  would Jni.iiease Us trade while the  Americans would lose It. Trade or no  trade, tlie Chinese w.lll be still ex-  oluded from the United Suites, and this  fiu.l i.s In marked contrast with th;  doings of tihe Canadian Koverniiient.  Prohibition i.s now a piaetie.il nuc  Hon.  A jnuiilclpsil telt.phr.ne seivilce for  Hamilton is advocated by the Spei-ti-  tor, of Unit city.  'Serums-to cure typhoid and coniunip-  t-lon-ha .-eibeon located, but tlio eludve  cajuier microbe is still ut lurse.  SATURDAY DECEMli'HR 7, ll'Ol  PRESIDENT   ROOSEVELT'S MESSAGE.  Kxcc-p'_lnf.     Abraham    Lincoln's,   no  message  to Congress  has   cuter    boon  written in   more    pointed   or decisive  tenuis on t'he industrial question. President Hoose-wlt takes a strong stand in  regard to nnanihlsts and declares thut  "no limn or'body of men preaching anarchistic  doctrines should   be allowed  olt large n-ny  more  thnn if -preadlilng  itlio murder of some speclllc individual."  'Plufl lis  pretty .plain talk for ��. president, hut none too explicit, when you  consider  thait three or  the last sev-?n  presidents have  beon killed by assassins.    IjuiL 'by trying to suppress anarchy with an iron hand on the Kuro-  ipeun iplirn will not put an end to the.se  murderous    organizations,    but r.ither  Intensify   und   foster    their existence.  Anarchists    will    then    imagine    that  tliey      are      martyrs.      The     United  Stales    haive    lieon     too      long     the  duiiiipi'iifr   grounds   of   .vicious    immigrants   Crom   En i ope  'to  suppress  :in-  siirohy   In   a n'milur   way  that   Rusuia  .'tries to exterminate the N'lhilists.    Ni-  hillisin  is -more1 .rampant    to-duy  than  ever,  a.n<l will continue to grow until  the cause for It is stamped out, namely,    the    abolishment    of    destitution  ���among  the0 grout   centres of   popnl'i-  itlon.    Ami    Uiis    is   lilie problem   that  congress .must decipher sooner or lati".  The president .thiiilks tihat the great  trusts   and    combinations    ahould   be  regulated, amd  the proposal   to estab-  ''sh a department of commorce and hi-  ���j-iti-y, with .power to examine into the  .������Hidings of those great organizations,  ': a mew departure.   It should do some  ���ood, 'but you  miglut just as well tiy  to stop the waters of the Frassr from  running seaward as .to regulate trusts  to Ibe ol any real ibendfil for the people.  ..'Jlinists to t'hem, .as they mc at present  constituted, aie like dpvil-lis.li to .her;  rJng.   'So long as thoy are allowed 'to  live and be contrcllled iby .private individuals, thon so long will th2 .people  be entirely at their mercy.  CReforring to tihe question of labor  unions, President Roosevelt says that  "tihe chief factor iin the success of eaoh  Eiari,-wage -worker, 1'a.inier and capital-  list ojlike, .must ever ihe the sum total  olf hts own Individual qualifies and  alblllties. iSeoond only to this comes  tlie* ipowieir of acting in combination or  association wiUh others. Very great  good ihais been and will 'be accomplished by associations or unions of wage  woifleers, when managed w'lbh forethought aind wHien 'they combine Insistence upon their own fights with _aw-  albldlres .respect for the rights of others.  "''fBe^ffsplay of these qualities 'in ��uoh  bodies ls a duty to .the nation no less  'than to the associations .themselves,  Finally, there must a.lso In many ���cas^s  be acting by the government in order  ito safeguard the nights and interests of  all." Th* -president recognizes orgua-  -ized labor-as-a power.'to.do-good.sec-.  ond only, though, to the Individual  qualities aind abilities of 'tlie wage  eairners tliemsehies. ' "Where a union 'is  - composed of competent and honorable  men, ilt Js bound to succeed and, on the  other hand, If Ut -Is made up or lncom-  patents and schemers it 'Is..worse than  inane at all. That is one reasom why  organized loJbor, comprising but about  one-tenth " of the 'workers, must  struggle ithe way It does to accomplish  anything at all. Were the remainder  �� * those outside the unions to -be only  - ilthful to tite cause, why this vexed  . i cr question would be solved ln a  Jiffy. The oennte of Canada .soya la-  ������ or unions are 'Illegal Institutions, but  tn��! head of .the American nation recog-  -i.'.bm them to be a factor 'that .has accomplished a very great good, and will  L-omtlmie to -do so. ���  "Present Immigration laws," th3  Message ooritlnnies, "aire unsatisfactory.  AjiaJVSWats and aill persons of low moral tendency should lie excluded and  oailef ul ledtioatflonaa amd economic te3tB  be applied." .  Of special interest is the recoramen-  Ausitralla sends to Fiance uud Cler  many Cll,OOO,00O woith of goods and _���>���.���  calves  in  return only   .'J3,000,000.  0   The recent election un New York cost  tlhe city $670,00), but the general opinion  Is liiiut it was worth Hunt iniioh to get  Hid at Tammany.  Of the 507 treaties burnt duiing the  l.'ii't ccnlii'i-y, 17.) were in America,  whi>rctUie shows-are w.inner thJ-n anywhere else.  It appears t'hat of the SO Nationalists  iu Uie house of commons, 78 receive C>  .per weuk out of the ihome rule fund.  'PJieye absent from a division aie lln^d  us.  The bakers l.vbel, the cigannalciis,  tillu printing trade, the 'inoii!deii.s, the  ciK-Jl-di-ivers, Uie tobacco workcis, the  biooni-makers, the tailors���all th3S3  should beiboomed, and members cannot  'be reminded too often to give 'them a  i-'j.-.h along upon every occasion po-*  tib'.e.  A number of railroad -brotherhoo Is  of Ontario omloiscd the new Canadian  oi-Ri_rfii.at.on tihat Includes the workers  of all bi'.iuielies of t'lie service. Several  locals held ti join session and ipledscd  Wiemwlves to vote only for such candidates as would favor pulblic owncrsiiiii  cf trust;;, monopolies, etc.  Dauber shojxs In Vancouver aiv, as a  rule, well conducted. The fact lhat  Ihey are closed on Sunday sometimes  disappoints vlPltoi-F, but b.v renminbi;  open until 12 o'clock on Saturd-ty  mights everyone can be accommodated  nicely except an occasional stranger  to the .rules, nnd "barber as well as  aiiher tradesmen are* certainly entitled  to a day of i est.���Ledger.  Fred. R. Coudcrt says that the rich  man should be educated to t'he duties  of wealth and learn that there is a real  dilfferenioo ibotweon an iron machine fed  by coal ami iron and a 'human body  El.il with bread and 'endowed with a  foul. If he does not love his poor  biothcr ihe Here wise to fear bin.  \V.hi>ti love fails-prudence may be useful. Pc'Hiaips the rich man might read  Uhe Sermon on t'he Mount before declaring-his next dividen'd.  Sir John Gorst ��ays that Knglish  school boards are starved because the  members of the government are sslect-  -cd from a class which is not entirely  convinced ot the .necessity or desirability of hig-lier education for the peopl".  They -hold ithe opinion sometimes expressed by professors of univeislties,  tluat there a.re certain functions w-hlcn  have to lie performed In the modern life  of civilized countries which ate best  performed Iby people ignorant and -bru-  tHh.     ..  Premier "Seddon, of New Zealand,  has written to the Grand Fonks (IJ. C.)  Al'lner-Gazette on the labor question. A writer in that paper says:  ln August ljt-t (about the 20th) my attention was diawn to an nrUclp in t'hat  ilitilier and some quotations about New  Zealand. 1 wrote the editor of the  Hom. land Miner about as follows, will on  he refuied tu puliliwh: "Dear Silr,���.My  attention has been drawn to your article iijnl quotations re New Zealand.  1 lived In that country, In Tarana.'ti,  for 'twenty years, and during thut period employed hundreds uf men. 1 n��.��v��r  l.i'iw a Jt.-ikc iiiuing that tl-n*.  Th.uiikliiK yci in nntlclp.itlon for In-  .-���^rtliig lids li't-tw, I rrmniln, yours otc,  William Cm ter. Grand Forks, lit. C.  P. S.���I .i.ive cut your re-marks out nnd  wilt Wiein to l'remler Seddon and w;ll  coin:uuiii(titc with you again on re-  ecJutag a reply."  Following Is'Mr. Seddon's reply toilie  stalenicnts  of   the    Rossland     Miner:  "Wellington, New Zealand, October 8,  MM.���-(To    XV.    Carter,     Esq.,    Grand  Fcuks,   BiltS.C-i    -Colum'bia).���Dear   ���si--:  1 am iiileaicd to .find iby your letter of  tlie 27th August that although you havo  left New Zealand for a. time you still  take   interest   in   tbe  welfare  of   tins  colony nind true good name of its insti-  itutions.   The cutting you send me from  thu  Rossland   Mn-ner   Is evidence  how  shamefully the leg'.slation of this country is mi.Te'preseiited   abroad.     If  we  were  misunderstood    by   strangers  it  would only be wiha.t might be expected,  but it is evident that there are men in  our midsit wiho are absolutely without  scruple r,m   the  .scandalous   falsehools  they oirculoito al)i-oad.   I puss over Sir.  Kwingtcu's remarks a-hout tlie state of  mdustiiail turmoil;  they  are best dls-  .proved by the fact tluat our Industries  are steadily gra.w-J'ng as to the nu-mber  of hands employed ;uid the amount of  capitul  invested.    The  remarks,   however, of -Mr. Thomas Fleming, as quot-  ted iin tlie leader referred to are a tissue of unti-utlis.    He states that New  Zealand is flawed to death; that a man  ruiiTl not bo employed  for more tiia.u  eiiglit hours a day; that you must take  ii.ii interior unionist into your employment rather Uiain a suparior nan-union-  Ist;  that you  must pay    a carpenter,  plumbei,  etc.,  exactly the  wage  llxi-d  by   la.w.     livery   statement   <is  above  made   is  directly    contrary    to  facts.  Nuw Zealand is not lawed to d9iith���  Jt ns the happiest and most prosperous  of   t'he   colonies.    A anan cam .work 24  houi-s in -the  day If he  likes; .he can  woi'k    on    Wednesday    or  any other  afternoon except  in some shops.    Pie  can buy a, .loaf on Wednesday' or any  other afternoon.   He meed not talke1 an  inferior un.ior.isit in preference to a better man who is not a uionlst   He can  pay a carpenter, plumber, etc., as much  as he pleases, as long as he does not  pay Ices than a minimum wage, that is  a fan- living wage.    It is untrue that  I .ha-ne ever stated  that the Conciliation and Aubltratlon  aot is a faillure.  There are asser.tions mtude in the colonv*  that the conciliation boards are causing friction, and I am end-savoring to  improve the worlking of 'the act in this  direct-ion, but .It 8s a mere matter of detail, and the principle of -the aot has  'been triumphantly vindicated -hitherto.  I rully .believe that it will stand times  of trial, as well as years of .prosperity,  and  I   trust  tha.t you    wlill   spare  no  means in allow.ing my opinion on this  subject to be known as widely as pos.  slble.    Ag��ai_n, thanMng you for the Interest shown,  I  am, ideair    sir,   yours  faithfully', R. SEDDON,  Premier and Minister of 'La'bor  A rich and beautiful showing of the  latest Dress Fabrics for Fall, 1801.  Every wantable kind of material Is  Included Jn this showing of ours. We  devoted considerable time to the picking of these goods, which fashion hns  decreed as correct. The result is seen  In the unapproachable assortment,  from wlilch we mention a fow of the  weaves we have in the latest designs  and shades.  ZELSOLINE. VENETIANS,  HOMESPUNS, OHI3VIOTS,  SUITINGS, BROADCLOTHS,  FRENCH FLANNELS, Etc., Etc.  We atflo you to call and see them.  We 'know She price will do the rest.  J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  We reach wherever the mails reach.  *lo ���whfkn&Jes &>*���/ &mjLA<rii&d/ vns  UP  , fli^A^ur-t^i^ #r~ fi#jc<rifav4s  Jhw /urn/ d^wtJti'Tuj,  ��<����������������<�������4*����������0��>���������������� ��������������������  Notices.  Nona; io ii_.Jti.uY uivkn thai' ai'thk  next regular hilling of llu- Bonn! ol I.lctm-t-  Uunitii'.sloin.'rs for llie City of Vtuiuimver I  shnll apply for n transfer of tlie Hotel License  fur tlie promises -.hunted on L.ot 8, Work 2  subdivision of Disirh i Lot A-ll, knonii as thi-  A nulla Hotel. &!l AMiotl street, 111 tlio Mild  city of Vancouver, to John Scuitto.  (Signed.) A. J_. I-'R.VSEK.  Vancouver, Nov. 27, 1901.  .SUl'lCH IS HKKJEUY llIVKM THAT AT THU  noxl roiinliu hilling of tliu Board of License  (.oiiutiissioiiers for tlio City oi Vancouver, we  Hindi applv for a trau.sier of the Hotel License  for llie jirciui-.es btmated on Lot 3, Block 3,  Subdivision ol District Lot 0. tl. T., known as  ihe Central Hotel, 12 Cordova Street, in the  snld Cilv of Vancouver, to mc Comlell block,  corner Corilovnniul Homer Sin-els.  (hKiied.) VICKJSRY .t KIDllK.  ^Vancom i r, N*ov. DO, 1001.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guar-  nni.ed to restore failing appetite and  correct any kind of stomach trouble.  50 c.  box.   McDowell, Atkins, Watson  (Lord Pen-rhyn Qias closed the quarries at 'liethesda, Wales, against the  men simply ���because they are unionists,  and Is now trying to sta i-vc tliem Into  submission. The Rev. Lloyd, a clergyman in the dlstnlot, says tJtoit, llndlng  starvation, intimidation, and corruption  insufllcient to quell the spirit of the  strikers, the Lord of Bethesda .has now  tunned to other means of oppression.  Some of our poor folk liave had nc.t!c;s  to quit tholr houses, some for failure to  pay rant, but others for exhibiting in  tlieir windows the card, "No traitor in  this ihouse." Our condition ils pMlable  .in the extreme. One feels at .times that  everything .Is against us.  is tho motto of tho management of the Union  Mutual. To serve all interests impartially.  To treat all parties with consistent candor. To  issue policies of pronounced liberality. To  make all death payments with, the utmost  promptness.   To be fair in all dealings. *  Honest, capable Agents can -always have employment with us.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  t  Head Office: 419 Hastings St. W.,, Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  >���<*��"����������� ������������������o�������������� �����������������������������  eee  The ��nestiora of JFit  ae*  UNION LABEL OVKRAI^S. <���  Another big consignment received of  the celebrated UNION LABEL OVERALLS, made by white labor only. Special valuci In warm union underwear.  DONALDSON & MATHEWS, 74 Cordova Street.  Tfevor needs to keep men from wearing our Clothing.   Tliey must fit or. you  musn't take thorn���jiiflt so as to style, clolli und appearance.   We biiy the uest  materials inudc in Kuropu or America, selected by experts of long experience and  ���  trained observers of fashion's changes.   Our largely increaeed and incruaaingbiisi-  liess shows that they nre right.   Why not avail yourself of this opportunity to .  druses wcll'iind save money.  Prices ?10.00, $12.00 and $15.00 and upward per suit.  CL8JS& -&   STEWART,-   ,"  Tklei'iionb 702.  160 Cordova Street.  noooooosooooooooooooooooooooooooosoooooooooooocooooo  All who are preparing for  CHRISTMAS  will  (ind the best assortment  of Stamped Linens at<tho  8  O - ,     With a full assortment of  O      EMBROIDERIES,   WASHING   SIXKS, in Filo, Roman, Twisted,  �� Royal and Dresden.  Ladies' Raincoats at a Big Reduction. '  �� Ladies' Folt, Sailor and Walking Hats at Cost Trice.  Ladies' Uwf Capes at Cost Price.  g J. HORNER, 400 Westminster Ave.  0 COBNKU   HASTINGS  STKEET.  O0O000OQO0O0330000COOOOO0O0OO00O00OOO0COO0O0OCO00OoS  iMr. Macfarlane, census collector, re-  tunned on Wednesday from the north.  He was a passenger on the All-fated  Islander, and lost all ihis census schedules whioh had to 'lye retaken. Atlin  ���has hod an exceptionally open season.  The Rossland Miner in one of. the  cosistst and most contemptible edi  torials we have ever read, denounces  Mr. Curtis, M. P. P.. as ibeing "NOTH  ING MORE NOR LESS THAN A  MOUTHING DEMAGOGUE," because  he had the INDECENCY, had the  IMPUDENCE" t6"-attend��� a-banquet  tendered to two DISREPUTABLE individuals who had been convicted by the  courts and sentenced to jail. Mr.  Curtis," the mine-owners' piper continues, "took occasion to express disapproval of the action of the courts in  imposing the sentences which t'hey did  upon Mr. Beamish and Mr. Collstro." It  nlso says: "Mr. Curtis Is of the same  type as the men who are responsible  for the anarchist outrages." Wouldn't  Hunt Jar you? Is this .province to lie  dominated by mine-owners and enn-  rery-men?  Ike Mint  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled goods are  all 6rut-cla8B and the prices right for  overy one.   Seattle Rainier beer, Scents.  If you want a really good rye whiBky  at a low price, our SOc rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 748 Pender street.  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, SOc bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up of tho weak"���60c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co.; 746 Pender street.  The Mint   *  Is tbe new saloon at the corner  of"Carrall~und~Ha8tings_8treetsr_Case  goods are the best, and tbe prices 0. K  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  Try a bottle of Kisen Port, the sunshine of California, SOc bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Fender street.  Telephone 1���2���6 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Drink Red Cross Beer, the beer that's  pure, 76c pints, fl.60 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  Now, gentlemen, here is tlie shop to  get your hair cut to suit yoii: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  When you want to hire a flrat-cliaa  borac and burgy, go to the Palace  livery itsbta.  Telephone its.  PARIS GREEN. HELLEBORE!  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT WORM and  other Insecto���for eale by the McDowell, AtMns, Waiteon Company, The  DrueslsU. Vanoouvaa,  Empire currants, perfectly cleaned,  no sticks, stones or dirt. Put up in  one-pound packages and sold at 10 ots.  per paokiage, by the City Grocery  Company, the wonderful cheap grocers,  AVestmlnster Avenue.  Every lady In the city sdvould see the  i\ onderful bargains being offered at the  City Grocery. Think of it! They are  giving five pounds raisins for 25 cts.  Everything else equally low. Buy now  before the rush, crush and Jam.  lEx-Coiiunlssloner of La'bor Bremner  returned on Wednesday after an  ex  tended prospecting cruise around Vancouver Island. He reports favorahly  on the indications for mining.  To-day a mass meeting of the miners  of 'Nanallmo, Extension and Alexandria  will be held In Nanalmo .to discuss the  advisability of forming an Island Federation of Miners.  A meeting of Ithe Independent Labor  Party, of Victoria, was held Friday  evening, at wHilch the pla'tform committee submitted a .partial' reqior'.,  whioh stood over awaiting their completed report on Thuredny evening  next.  A meeting of the' Independent Labor  Panty of Nelson was held hist weuk, at  which It i'lis decided that the party  will take .part tn the 'municipal elections at .that city and' wiH.1 start provincial organization work In the near  future.  The Canadian ipost office authorities  ���haive granted Wllshlne's .Monthly, a social magazine 'published by H. G. W1I-  shlre, the millionaire socialist, which  ���won refused the privileges of the malls  across the line, permission to pass  through the malls.  THIS   MONTH  In Children's, Misses'. Ladies' and Gentlemen's Shoes and  Rubbers of all gnulos  at  prices that will astonish you.  Just come in and look for yourself.   Lots of Sample Shoes  which are A No. 1 in quality.   All must go.   All new goods. ' .  F. M. WETZEL, 58 Cordova St.  A*.    I'BI      IBOVI^J  WBOLDILX AND RETAIL 1)_UI_KB IN  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova Pt.  'Phomr 442  ^^S^W^^S^R^S^'GfiSS.l  _-__t*yS____i<EB��i_.  WrWmm  JS1  if  lilliil  _S^.vJPB  mmmi  .Illlii_��&  3s_itt___��__i_u_E__utt.  r$% -^CuSKn  ____$$P??��S_  ����jgg$jy  9  h____E__n__9  The~^-==7  Seymour Streeet,  o  o  , UAgn A feFRUULTY OP , ,  oewof'8 specioi hum, oiso  -LARGE STOCK OF-  ' IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  IC  Works.  Bm|M��rterft and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  . Clears ���  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Ooama Oobdova amd Cabkill.  GEO. HAY  VonoouTor'i   Pioneer   Clothe*  Benorator, nakei a mlt new.  Dyeing and Repairing.  -  US Cuuu St., Vamoutu.  I  ���I  -ii!'  ^ I'i  .'|9  11  i  ���a  .1  ���iUi  ^yjnjrajpg��!^��Ti* ^'^w^^sssssssssi^r^  *S?5Ki55SS=*WaiOT!w= ���J<n��M^M'^*>iMMTa^wf^JTowi(w��uiftinr  SATURDAY DECEMiBER 7, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  Smash-Up of Prices  RARE CHANCES  FOR SAVING  This is the Clothing and Furnishing' buyers' harvest timo. We'are; in the  imidst of our }ireat Ketiring From Business Sale and every where tho pruning knife  is cutting a wide swath. A third to u hulf off regular prices means something  when you remember that our regular prices Merc acknowicdgcdly tlio very  -lowest. A man can pick up'some very big bargains now and lots of wise buyers  aro.   Don't wait till thu lust moment to tako ailviintago of this salo.   Conic now.  The Palace Clothing  ilocise Conusant;, Ltd  IIO Cordova Street.  STANDARDS OF VALUE.  O'Brien's hall was again packed to  the doors on Sunday evening, which ls  evidence of the wide Interest excited by  Mr. Vrooman's sei les of sei mons i on  "Man and His Money." The topic was  "Standards of - Value" nnd the text  '���Seek Ye First the Kingdom and His  Klghtcousness, and All These Things  Will be Added Unto You." A few notes  ' of the dlscouise is all our 3pace permits:  -Mr;* Vrooman.said.he; proposed to ex-  Vamihe the relative importance of material* and moral standards of value In  human life and social organisation.   In  thebry'there 1s no difference of-opinion.  We are all line moralists in principle,  (hut our weakness is In practice. t XVe  ������: have, an enthusiasm for honesty, when  in danger of being robbed, anil for justice  when  in  the  power  of  another.  We have exalted hours of sentimental  self-sacrifice, :w_.lch.'are! our most favorable seasons for dissolution.   But In  practice we tend io a gross materialism  which seeks fiist biead to cat! coals to  wear  and' luxuries  to  flaunt as  evidences' of our riches.   How mean and  contemptible Is a materialized life. An  > arrogant   lordling   once   said to John  Bright: ,"Do you know I ,>m worth, a  million."   "Yes, I know lt, iind th.it is  all you are woitli." .Measuied' by the  material standard of "money you may  become    a huge success,  and.by the  snoral standard of character a wietch-  h_kI bankrupt.   Tihe'financial whale may  be a moral shrimp.   The moral wealth  property qualification.   Money Js supposed  to qualify better than wisdom,  or i else' ��o guarnmitee the ij.;pssossIon of  wisdom.    Jesus Christ  would 'be, disqualified for municipal Honors, but Judas .might Ibe a ward boss or mayor.  The lesults aro precisely such as might  be expected.    Methods   of .production  often violate every principle of morality.   Methods of distribution would disr  eredJt a society of wolves.   Justice ls  bound   and   .blindfolded.   Force    naid  fraud are'licensed and legalized.   The  poor me plundered of their rights.   The  bnrons of plutocracy pillage Industry  and levy .tribute upon the nation under   special    privileges.    Slums   .ire  densely packed and    tenements    reek  wiithfillh and nilseiy.   The moral nnl  social interests of humanity aie saci-  flceoV to the material.    The protest  Is  aii^iiff in a tho.i_,and forms.   Universal unrest ��uul demand for reform is  the most significant sign of Itihe Mm;.  ' One Class of Reformers  ls moved by nu'terial and selfish con-  sldei abioiis only. They ret_el against  povcity and woik. They crave idleness  and ease like then* masters. Theirs are  the most wolfish heai'ts of rjpaclty and  ga-eed. Ttrcy may talk of Ibrothei'hood,  but titsy do i.ot piactise .It. They desire ohange only in the interci'ts of  I'lislr pockets. Upon a loner .pla.ie,  tneira Is as gieat selfishness as that  thev condemn i'i the; ulch. Tliey are  sordid and innten.'ili/.etl Jn all their desires. Give them mcie money and ttiey  beco.ne worse n.Jii. A social democracy  in.slUlutcd under such leadership would  he an unmitigated curse.   Let us haive  greedy'liind quarrelsome'mob^  fortunately7 this:'  jThereJiis  ���Sbciii  saifegiiard.1  'chaihgis.'c'an^nciy^ib^  .moultliect;. arid ;.'i'_ffi't'erlailzedj*''^)tiLt5rs!  TJioir shallow ignorance and tainted  char.icleis disci edit the causa of re-  oCoj-ni. The social institutions of' the  world arc too strong and conservative  to ibe captured ,by the attack of violent  and greedy revolutionaries. Nothing  but Jntens; moral anitHiuslasm can alter  the .social organization 'by graduaJy  substituting moral for material standards of value In political, Industrial  and social life. Another class of reformers import  High Moral Ideas .  into the ngitaltiion for change. Thev  are earnestly seeiklng the uplifting cf  men to higher character and" purer living. The;; are invincibly opposed to  eveiything that mill degrade or destroy  men. Although their moral vision may*  not always be clear their purpose Is  good. They seek ito advance ithe moral  inteiests of 'humanity iby an Improvement of social ���conditions. This moral  punpose gives them tremendous po.v-  er. Not the material but the moral  standard of value; not higher wa^ea  oi1 larger share In the products of industry, but more.Intelllgerit and (better  men, ls .t'he ralllying pnlnclple of tihe  ���better class of social reformers. Prof.  Ely says truly, _ "Socialism lias probably^ found its main strength on its  ethical aide. ,It_J___these_e,Uhfcal-idei!s  docs not exclude.material prosperity.  �� ��"l��'"��^��" ���nse.   Let us have  The Divine puipose Is to' include thVl  ^/^f"06 ��\a tew n���tocmto ra-  lesser in the greater good.   lie is a fool I **"* l'h�� ���olUSh ��--opcnuio��_ of a  wlio,  grabbing at riches, loses honor  and  manhood,  when  by securing first  the incoi ruptlble character he may add  thereto' every'material advantage' such  a character    requires.    Se��k ye  first  righteousness and all these necessaries  and comtoits of life will be added. In  multitudes of cases the redemption of  moral character introduces a mariito a  new era of material prosperity.  There is, however, a deeper meaning  in these words than their peisonal application. The Kingdom of God is not  only an Individual Inheritance of salvation, but also a social order. We have  1 here' a pilnclple of social oragnlsatlon,  The moral foundation of society is the  true basis of material prosperity and  social progress. Make the moral stand-  1 ' ard of value supreme and measure  every social Institution by it, nnd in  the end not only the character of the  people will be elevated,* but material  benefits will be added unto them.  ���:���-' The Old Political Economy  ���dealt with men simply as beings desiring, producing and consuming wealth.  'They were regarded as storage batteries  to conveit   .the raw material  ot  earth into money/values.   Their ener-  ���gies  and  intelligence ,were, considered  from the standpoint of property alone.  Ethical questions were separate -from  economics.    Material   values were ot  higher Importance.   That system waa  best wMcli should most perfectly favor  'IKS. production   nnd   accumulation-of  .wealth.   This point ot view was established as the central feature of prnc-  , tlcal politics^ and legislation.   The decalogue and Ithel sermon on the mount  were relegated to'the domains of religion, and were considered to a (Treat  -extent .Inconvenient and too idealistic  to Ibe of value Un political or economic  discussion.   Thus civilization becomes  materialized. .Social Institutions are,ns  -soulless ns corporations.   Moral questions   are subordinated    to    Ilnancial  questions.   In the flhamelessnesn of our  ������standard to almost everything.' Even  art,  literature .and    i ellgrlon    become  : mnrnmonlMd.   A vulgar snobbery enters Into society and money Is given  lilshei' caste thnn manhood.   Political  .questions are discussed with a supreme  ���regard '���'���'. to":   the     almighty    dollar.  How Will business be affeoted? This  to a great mass of men, who ought to  have higher principles, lis ai more important question 'than, how one men  and morals afte'ated iby the 'liquor business?   The measure of money ls np-  TpMed'to iln'dustry and 'property is given  better protection than men.  .Even for  i   . ���>.,'.(  which have 'Inspired the rank and fll  of the socialistic army with flery zeal  and religious devotion."   The moral Intensity of Henry George carries even  more conviction than 'has economic 'arguments.   Irv fact, economics to these  schools of social .thought Is Inseparable  from ethics.   These various advocates  of social reform expect to Inaugurate  conditions of life . ���more   .ftivoraible to  rtghteousness and  virtue    than  tfhose  which now iproVnll'   Undoubtedly muesli  of their jU'KiMiieint Is true..Environment  affects oliurncter.   Industrial conditions  unqutHliionuibly roast  upon    the  ni'i'i  and influence Hila character.   But ilt remains very doubtful If 'tihe moral mll-  lenlum aind reign of love, suoh us Zola  doplbts In "Work," would follow Industrial    co-operation.    Selfishness   and  wickedness, ambition and .pride are not  ell mJ nated <en tl rely from 'human nature  <>y removing financial cares.   There Is  so mufcih truth, diowevier. In itfhte contention that environment influences. character that U. easily ibecomies the Weart  of ereiat iBbolal movemente and a theme  far moral enthusiasm.   'Although the  .        . _,    condition of brain substance affects the  ithe offloeiof aUdenman ��hore'mu��lt he a juin^ y^ wo believe Itba mind tb ftin-  damental to brain and .tho more Important. Brain and mind are so intimately united that applying the material  standard one says the brain seoretes  thought land a. more spiritual philosophy, which now everywhere .prevails,  teaches that the brain is the organ and  instrument of the Immaterial mind.  Just so In the social orgamlsm material  . Conditions and '.Moral Life  arc so lnlterlated and so mutually affect Venxjh  other,   that    one    class of  thinkers uipply  the material and  un-  other the moral standard as most Important.'* I believe that (the moral life  ; Is'.tihe soul of social life and progress,  t.Wlille material environment reacts upon _t to dwarf or develop 'It, the moral  energy of men Is fundamental and* ��u-  piicime In all'social development.   Socialism,  single  tax, or any other reform   us   anaterlallstlc measures diave  no .hojie of sueces-s.    For purposes of  money malklng the present methods of  industry are good enough.   It would be  hard to convince the world that a so-'  cial, .reconstiriiotilorj would jpay.. These  refoirms succeed only as they convince  mien of Bin, of l Ighteousness    and a  judgment to come. They inaike tliem a.p-  peail to moral consciousness and; iflnd  their power In id(*"s of liberty, Justice  and  brothmihood.    They presuppose! a  hish moral    devielopment   among .th��  people.n   Tliey   makci  severe  demands  upon the moral    nature.    One of tihe  chief arguments agrailnst them Is that  they are too ideal and that human nature Js too corrupt to sustain a social  democracy.    The corruptions of a political democracy aw shown as an example of the moraj depravity of men.  These reforms are based avowedly upon ethical .principles applied  to political and (industrial affairs.    Frequently socialism olaiims to be applied Christianity,, a oubstttiitlon   of  a  political  paradise on earth for a ipost-mortem  paradise In the skies.   This being, so,  It Is evident that the material, industrial and social changes demanded by  reform must anise ouitof a moral evolution  of  the .people,  not  vice  versa.  -They will ibe Inaugurated only ns ithey  can be conceived and giiven birth to bv  the moral life of the nation.   A certain  moral development and life are essential to .the establishment of the higher  social conditions pioclalmed.   The material change and the moral 'life will  irrow  together, the  latter    being  the  cause and Inspiration of the former.  >   i  History of All Reforms  proves that ;they require a:fertile moral  soil for their propagation -and nurture.  Tliey utterly fail where human nature  is shallow, cruel, depraved, lacking In  social sympathy and justice., No great  reform lias ever yet germinated from  soli unprepared by religion and high  moral teaching. Christianity has been  the nursing mother of social reform and  progress. | I 'do .not say, the church  has always been, but she has scattered  the seed, cultivated' moral ideals, and  if she has not always been I'fcady to  accept tlie. consequences, .the world has  swept onward under the leadership of  Christ.  Christ Attempted No Reforms.  Be did not even attaok slavery, nor  assail ithe .tyranny of Caesar. There  was not' sufflaient moral sen'timent in  'the world to give such a onusade any  hope of success. He confined Himself  to adding moral vigor land Bpirltuil  life to "ithe 'people. Into the world  through Him entered a passion for  righteousness. He Imparted tlhe Kingdom of Heaven to human hearts,  "righteousness, 'joy and peace tn che  Holy Spirit," and no evil institution  on earth nxmlA withstand Its growth.  As It increased ithe Roman Empire  orumbled.'and .tlie whole' fate .ofthe  world was changed. He did not sieek  flrst 'to change institutions for the.sake  of; 'redeeming men, 'but he: sought. to  redeem .men ito change Instlitutions, that  tfhie Kingdom of God .should come and  of lvalue.;   Only men Krf: high' moral  character and power can inaugurate  ia-new industrial and soolal era, and  .preserve it.   If you dream of such an  era, sociaii^t or another, in which pov  ���erty,, misery and sin shall become ex-  itlnot, I would recall you to the funda  mental   principle   of all    reform���the  ���kingdom of God and righteousness ilrst  and all these things ��� will he added. The  kingdom ns proclaimed by Ohrlst means  social evolution by the elimination of  Injustice and misery and wrong as rap  Idly as men seourethe necessary moral  ���purpose,mnd power.   I 'know of no such  fountain  of   spiritual    life,  no   such  source of moral regeneration as Jesus  Olirlst.   Through His grace and under  His leadership every righteous reform  will win, and without Hlni any reform  becomes an ignoble failure.' , The eloquent  Words of Mazzini  state  the only sound . basis of social  progress and amelioration:   "WoMklng-  men, brothers!  Wlhen:Christ came and  Changed  tWo face, of the   world,  He  spoke not of nights to the rich, who  needed .not to achieve ithem, nor to ithe  poor, iwho douibtless would have abused ithem, in imitation of the rich; He  spoke not of utility nor of 'interest to  a people whom utility and Interest had  corrrupted.    He   spoke . or    duty, He  spoke of love, of self-sacrifice and of  fall th,; and He said that tliey should be  'first among all who   had   contributed  most by their labor .to the good of all.  And the word of'Christ breathed in the  ear'of a society In which all true life  was extinct,  recalled    It to existence,  conquered the millions, conquered the  world.    Christ's every act was- a visible representation of, ithe   faith lie  preached,    and     around     Him    stood  apostles Who ilneai nated   in their actions the faith they haid accepted.   B-.>  you such and you will conquer. Preach  duty to the classes above you and fulfil as far as in  you 'lies   your   own.  Pieach virtue, sacrifice and love and be  youre-elves  virtuous  lo\-,.ng and lea-ly  for sacr.fice."    To those deeply interested in the solution ot the social problem I  Mould repeat the  words of the  Master,   "Seelk Ifir&t His  kingdom  and  His Jtdghteousness" and every, reform  based on justice and 'brotherhood will  naturally follow.   Put the moral foundation  under any social or 'Industrial  agitation aud all the rage of .men ��111  not be able to ove; throw it.   Only tho  spirit of Justice   and   'brotherhood   In  men is able to establish    Institutions  that embody these sublime iprmclples  and sustain them.   I appeal to you, not  blindly to'Ignore, but to wisely assist,  Olnilst and His disciples iin their effort  to  redeem  men  fiom   selfishness   and  siln and to'lfill them with holy love and  righteousness.  The subject next Sunday evening-will  be "An iHonest Dollar." ���  Walk in and examine our Christmas  goods. Invest 50 cents and secure a  ticket for our drawing. You may secure one of the ten beautiful prizes.  DAVIDSON BB05.  P.O. BOX 296. -PHONE 179.  w. j. "McMillan & .Co.,  Wholesale Agents for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  Br&xide i  MONOGRAM, MARGUERIXA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street nnd Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER ��TKiADBS AND LABOR  COUNCIL-Presldentl John Crow; vice-  president, XV. 3. Lamrick; secretary, T. H.  Cross; financial secretary,'..TV. J.- Beer;  treasurer, C. Crowder; .statistician, -XV.  McKissock;: sergeant-at-arms, G. F. Len-  fesly.". Meetings���First and third Friday in  each' month, at 7.30 p.m;, in Union hall,  corner Dunsmuir arid; Homer streets.  His will be done on earth as It Is done  in Heaven.    The teaching and work of  Christ and the Church .produced a new  moral era in the history of the world.  Those social Teformers, who deride It  ln .their ignorance, scoff at.ithat which  alone make the triumph of 'their, own  teachings   possible. ���    Social   changes  Wave been wrought, and are Impending,  'because of-ithe moral change in the  world wrought by Christianity.     The  material benefits ithat will aeerue from  social or Industrial'reform wHlbc'to  a great extent the 'produot of the moral  regeneration   ot   the , world   through  'Christ.   To the iklngdonv of  Godi.ii.ml  righteousness will be ndded all tlhe material blessings of Providence and of  justice among nien.     Let us put first  LithhigB  flrst,  ndt  losing sight of the  'Important Itnuttv of the , benefit of a  favorable environment to the moral life  of men.    We must also recognise the  ���neceeslty,   of great' moral    enthuslsm  and lives of moble righteousness to secure :; and ' establish' such : an envlron-  Soclal l-lghteoutiess means to-  The' Kingdom, ot God  does not  exclude 'any material good  of the world.  lit Includes all, but flrm-  ly'subordinates all to moral standards  ment.  cial prosperity.  NASNAIMO JIIN1DRS. ��� -" '  The Miners' union of (Nanaimo held  theli. regular meeting on Saturday  evening, President George Johnston in  the challr. The reports of the gas committees fiom the various mines wero  read and filed. The ibal'ance'sheet for  the quarter ending Oct. 31 was submit-  'ted hy the auditing committee and wis  ordered; (filed. ,  The statement of Ma'nager Robins, of  tlie  New  Vancouver    Coal   Company,  with .reference to the regular agreement  between the 'Miners' union and company was Head.    ^Reference was made  In the document to ithe committee's Interview and an agreement was arranged to continue   the   .present   rate of  wages for   the   six    months   ending  April 30, 1902.   The committee's action  was endorsed iby the union.   A resolution had 'been passed some time ago  dolmvaway with the scale of prices for  rook in coal, thin coal, and timbers and  payment for safety lamps.   This resolution abolished ^the privilege of having 25 cents por"day for'eablTmarirusl.Tg  a safety lamp.   The commiltee,   how-  etvieir. appealed to 'Mr. Robins to continue the ipayinent of the latter suan  regardless of the resolution passed at  the  meeting.    To   ithls    Mr.    Rabins  agreed.   A second letter from Mr. Rob'-  Inis  referred  to  the necessity of  the  mines woriolng.on any Saturday afternoon1'" when cool was needed to finish  loading any vessel,  thnt it  might be  cleared' Ibefore Monday.   . Ab  a ballot  had toewi taken on 'the Saturday afternoon question some time ago was considered proper to give two .weeks' notice of ilhe proposal,1 .whichWill be de-  iiided at .the next .n_cctll__g.    A  notice  of motion was given to do away entirely with taking 'ballots on the pftlie.nl,  as It waa considered that a'inan ought  to know something' about the questions  before he rvoted on them, and It was  necessary to this end that men should  be a,t the union to ihear the questions  discussed, where the vote might then  be taken.   The meeting adjourned until  the -next    regular   session, Saturday,  Dec. M.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS'--INTBRNA-  TIONAI, UNION, 'No. J��0-Presldent,  G. W. Isaacs; vice-president, A. H. Leg-  Batt; corresponding .-''financialv-sccrotary,  D. P. Johnson. 1C5 Hastings St. East;  leoording secretary, ' C. D. Morgan;  treasurer, J. A. Dartdson; guide. J. A.  Stewart; guardian,. E. Morgan; delegates  to T. & Ii Council: G. XV. Isaacs Meets  first and third Wednesdays of each  month,, im   Unloni Hall.  THE    RETAIL    CLERICS'    INTERNA-'  TIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATIOOW,  meets in-O'Brien's Hall,    the'  first, and'  third  Tuesdays of each  month.     T. A.  Phillip, .president; XV. 3. Lamrick, secretary, 248 Princess street.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.ro-  In ;Foresters' hall,: Van Anda.:'President,'  R. Altken; vlce-presldont, C. A. Melvilla;  secretarj-, A. Raper, Van Anda, B. CX;.  treasurer, H. V. _?rlqe; conductor, P.  Burt;:warden. John Llnklater.  "Ul'OKS,'WAITDTtSAND "WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No.' 28. President, Chas  Over; vlce-prosldent, XV. W. Nelson; recording secretary. Jas. H. Perkins; financial secrotary,. R.;'J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellender; Meeting, every; Friday  at 8.30 p. m. In Union Hall, corner Homer  and.Dunsmuir .streets.  INTERNATIONAL    ASSOCIATION   Op\  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 18i���-1  Meeis second and  fourth Wednesday In .,  each month   in Union   Hall.   President. .  Wm. Beer: corresponding 'secretory, EL  Tlir.mlns. 728 Hamilton   street; financial  secretary,  J.  H.  MoVety,' 1211 Seymonr  street.  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S    UNION,*  No. 2. Meets in   Labor   HalL     Homer  street, every first and third Saturday in  each month at S p. m. Ernest Burn, press-*!  dent; Chas.Durham,;secretary,:847.Hmv'  rls street.   1  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION  No. 226 meet the, last Sunday In. eaoli  month at Union hall. Preslderit.'C. S  Cumpbell; vice-president, George Wllbv;  pecretary, S. J. Gothard, P. O. box 63;  treasurer. --W. Brand: sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew Stuart;, executive committee,'E.  L. WoodrufT. S. R. Itobb, J. H. Browne  N. Williams; delegates to Trades nnd  Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J.  H.  Browne. '  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION-  Mects second and'fourth Wednesday of  each ..month,,;in .Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue, and Hastings Streot  at 8 p.' m. President, G.; Dickie; vice-president, John Frizzell: secietan*, A. G.  Perry;'' treasurer.v.H. .'.Vanderwalker:. conductor/ Ed. Manning; warden, D. Smith;  sentinel, T.! Dubbcrlcy; : -delegates":- to  Trades and,;Labor. Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie  and H.'A.^McDonald.  JOUREYMBN     BAiKiaRS'     AND   CONFECTIONERS' Internationa]  Union.of  America.   Local  No   40.   Vancouver,   B.  C. -President; James Webster; vice-president, J   W. Wilkinson; recording secre-.'-  tary. Murdo jraeLcan, 2721 Westminster  Avenue; financial secretary. H. MoMulIln <���  Toronto   Candv   Co ;   treasurer,   W.   A. (.  Wcods.   3m   Ninth   Ave,   Mt.   Pleasant;  corresponding   secretary,   _F.   Rawllnsp,  BarnW'eir'Bros.,','Granvillo*: street:  ClGARttlAKERS' UNION |NOl 357���  Meets the first Tuesday in each month  In Union Hall. President, A. Koehel;  vice-president, P. Crowder; secretary*  G. Thomas, Jr.. 148 Cordova street west;-  tieasurer, -S. W Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms. J. TV. Brat; delegates to Trades,  and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  c   Nelson.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD: OF, .CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets ; every  second and. fourth Thursday In Union  Hall, room No. 3.: President, G. Dobbin:  vice-president, J. M. Sinclair; recordinp  secretary, W. T. MacMullen; financial  secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, J.  Ferguson: conductor; R. MacKcnzie; warden, J..MciLcod:' delegates to T. and;LI  council, Robt; i Maopherson, G. Dohbin, J.  M.  Sinclair.  -BROTHERHOOD.' OF PAINTliSRS ANID.  iDECOflftATORS, Local Union No. 138.  Meets every Thursday in I*nbor Hair.  President W. Pavier; vice-president, ES.  Crush; secretary,! C.Pbulcr, 1759'Eighth'  avenue, Falrvlew; treasurer. H.iMeSorley.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF-  AMERICA, No. 17S���Meets alternate-  Mondays in room 1, Union Hall. President, F. Williams, vice-president. Miss  Graham; recording secrotary, H. O. ,  Burritt; financial secretary, Walfred  Larson; treasurer, C. E. Nellson; scr-  Beant-at-arms, A.  J. Kennedy.  1 if ����  Blue Blbbon Tea is packed in Vancou-  I ver by white men���are you drinking it ?  Sujifriy  From Their Nanalmo, tmnthfleld and  Protection Inland Collieries,  Sfeam9 Qa�� and  House Coal  Of the Following Grade*:  Double BorMnadXump,  Hun of tt�� Mint, ��� ''  Wootud Nut aiul,  aor**nine��.  BAMUBL M. BOBINB, Bnptrintesdtnt.  KVAM8, OOUCMAN A KVANS, AgenU,  Vanoonver City, B. 0.  Our Persistency  ' is always bringing us new  bu'-iii'-s.  B      Xut bo much tlie persisteiicyj)__  |_our advertising7but thepcrsisteut  goodness of the work we turn out. >'  Ask any customer of ours what  is the standard of laundry work��� -  ten to ono he will euy "Pioneer."  AVe want you to join the daily  increasing list of our new customers. \  'Phone us-7-droj) us 11 postal���or  .hail one of our drivers.  neoeooc  DELICIOUS WINE  MADK KXCLUUVKLVnoM B.C. FECIT.  FRKSH CUT FLOWERS.  UNION-MADE  DOMB8TICCIQAR8.  When making a trip around tho  Park call on  Brockton Point  I W. D. Joosft BrSSXn��M  eaoaaagoocoeooeaooaooaoTOa  Steam Laandry  Pno's-K 348. 910-914 Riciiabm 8t  Downtown Ophcb, No. 4 Arcadk.  WHITE LABOR ONLY. '  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters (or the engineering trade,  ln Vancouver.  OHOICEST^���55*  Liquors and Cigars  ,      Flrit-claae roomi from 60 oenunp.  R. HURRY    -    -   ,    PROP;'  pi  if  S,������V��.W!  m  9^mM^&^^m How to make cheese on tlie farm is  told by Mrs. Frank Norton in the St.  Louis Globe-Democrat. She says: I  use my night aud morning's mill; and  stir nil together till well mixed, pour  Into bollei ou the stove rid lie.it slowly till the theimomelot ".finds lit 90  degioes stlnui���* It often to pieieut  scoichlng. .\o\. poi.i It n" Into join  tub or ehiiiii It vou It.no It If jou  lime about twelve ^rilloii-^ ol milk, lt  will take cue uMMiLt l.iMct lu make It  If less, take leks ol tlie uhlet In pio  ronton lib one tablet makes 100 pnan is  of milk.  Dissolve the jennet In nut at two Ui-  blcspoolifuls of waiin vva'o, When  the mill, has cooled to fc5 dcjiie., stu  ill tbe ilKsoliid lennet bth consiuut-  ly till tlioioug1 1} mixed In aliout  tluee minutes jou wul su> the milk I-.  chaiirlng to cheese. C'easesiiiiuig no\\  and covoi up lor about Ilium minutes A hlghoi temp . iliac tlu.u b5  dcgiees hastens tlie pi nee-- but wastes  tlie battel lat and ni.ikis the ciiid  tough  Ilindle eiud verj gentlv till It Is sol-  Id, as lough oi _imck tieitmint cuisis  cscnpo of buttci lat nnd Iinpovoiishes  the cheese Now lilt the cloth a'ld Iind  the whole mass coigulitcd Take n  lotig knife and cut tit u icioss fiom  side to side mil cleat to the bottom  with Ion,;, slow, sweeping stiokos 1-ot  stand a lew minutes and dip off nil  fieeil whej with satieei oi skimmer  Cioss cut as befoie, lc.itIng (.mil in  inch squates. Dip off whej again.  Again cut cutd and dip whej lt collects veiy rapid'v, and the tub cin be  tilted so ns to diain off, oi If chiiin Is  used tilt it and put a saucer inside to  pievent cmd fiom blocku^; the pis-  sage aftor iiullmsr out the cl'iin plug  Let it dialu this waj, cutting occasional!., as befoie till the cutd is quite  solid and squeaks w lien mov ed. Salt to  taste and chop hue with chopping  knife. Lay n sqn ire of muslin m jour  boop (pail or pe<k measuie) The muslin should bu dipped und wtung out of  hot water. Pom In the chopped cuul.  Bring corners of muslin up and pin  ovei top of cuid Nevei mind It hoop Is  ever so lull. It will sink down Set to  drip on top of pall or pan Put light  weights on at (list. I use nn two flat-  irons that hate the patent handle.  Let it now stand this waj lor four  bonis. Take out nnd change muslin  nnd turn cheese, tetuin to the hoop,  add moie weight and iepe.it this till  cheese only makes the cloth damp I  usually change doth nnd tutu cheese  about twice a dij Thlitj-bix: hours is  sufficient time foi a small sired cheese  to pi ess Now* tako fiom hoop, cut  cheesecloth to fit mound cheese laige  enough to lap ou both ends of cheese.  Cut two pieces to fit ends Now smear  nil over w 1th good salt buttoi Put jour  cheesecloth smoothly on and paste  down smooth with buttei to keep out  cheese fly. Put cheese in cool, drj, niry  place and nib .'ind tuin eveiy day to  keep off mold. If battel dues In, put on  c little radio.  GRADES AND FULL BLOODS.  Value of RcKlnterPd  Bull* In IJnllil-  Inff l'i> n Dutry Herd.  In 1S32 my uncle owned a held of  grade Jerseys and natives averaging  SOU pounds of butter per year. We had  llie chance io secure a bull calf by paying express charges from a registered  Jersey cow that had a record of twenty-one pounds of butter in seven days,  says a Vermont farmer In Hoard's Dairyman. Two years later he secured another from the same herd whose dam  was thu d'nighter of the above mentioned cow nml had made ns a tlnee-jcii-  old eighteen pounds eight ounces of  buttei in se\eu d.ijs.  What is the icsult? Ills heul .net-  need ."00 pounds nnd a little ovei lu  is1 ill.  Vt tint time we toils It, nml for Ihe  unr ending Aug. 1, 11)00. we sold tttO  pounds of butter fnt per cow at tlio  CATS AND POULTRY.  <��?***  jeiisli cow rnmrosn DAisr.  ILiiL,li_ii prize iwniKr ]  cieamery. Adding one se\enth for surplus oi oi on tin, we hate 220 pounds  of butter pel cow fui that jear  We then commented making buttei  at home, and we ha\e ��i ule 3'2" pounds  per cow liom twenty cows this last  j car.  This held Is uow headed by u Flood  F.miii bull, for which we had to paj a  good pi ice. but had far better do it  Mian to bieed any grade Jeisej bull we  know of  The lust two brlls we.e fold here in  town arid iicnilj eveiy fanner sajs  that his best cows weie sued bj one oi  tho othei of them  I have had scleral }ears' e\peilence  with icglsteied Jeiseys, and to my  mind oui grade hoid is just as good for  milk nnd butter us thoioughbieds. but  of comse they w ill not sell foi a fancy  puce. It seems to me that it is better  for a poor faimcr to grade up a held  in this way than to paj foi regsteied  Jersey cows And remember nnd seo  that the bull jou buj has not only a  long pcdigioe back of him but a butter  aud milk- pedigiee as well. Our bull is  gtandson of Old redio and has splendid  butter aud mill; ancestij.  Q?l?&ij"ii��2_  i ilifWii &���������.* a. t\ o ;  HI   .     ?_? -itC-lK   SlfK? \'-  sygar���^m  r&  I have a silo which has been In use  for eight yenis and has ahvajs kept  corn silage in good shape, savs F. W.  Wilson in Natioa il Stockman The  foundation was ceitalnlj no botlici to  me. It was made 'is follows: I started  ou a clay bottom, having hist scooped  out tbe top soil. leaving tho Inside  basin shaped. Then I put In ten good  sized white oak posts, putting them In  the ground over three feet and leaving  the top stick out tin up feet. O.i this  ouudation I put an eight inch sill, spiking It In miy to posts. Then 1 took mj  2 by S tw enty foot w bite oak studding  nud moitised them In the sill The  frame was 8 by 12% feet ou the'Inside, with square corners. I nailed  rough boards on inside of studding and  on these put hea\j tar loolleg pipei.  (It cost SI 2u per squille) 'Ihen I Mulshed the luslde with haid pine flooilng  and i. entheiboaidod the outside as the  -silo was built outside ot the b un  Dr> ine I'i Dairy Coira,  Many faimeis.aie thinking of turning theli cows d.\ Some ba\e begun  to do so ah end j, peihaps In order that  they may wintei them moie cheaply,  sajs F. 13. libl In Kansas Faimer.  Should this be dciae' The answer to  this question depends upon the cneum-  stanccs il'inj Kansas cows can no  doubt be tinned cl_y with profit to their  ownois, but it wor'd be lollj to diy up  all of them The lust cow, tho young,  pionnsing heifer, should not shaie the  late of hei beelj sNteis  Let us note the cows tint may yield  better letmns fiom eatnu only coatse  loneliness. Those that aie impiofita-  ble at uest. jieldmg less than enough  to paj for feed and caie In an oidlnaiy  jear. tho slow and haul milker, may as  well eat at the second tabic unless they  h..\c lately or soou will come fiesh.  The fairly good cow could be dilpd off  m nun., cases aftei she his given the  most of hor flow lor the je.u. The  beefy cow must ccitainlj take a back  seat.  There are some cows, however, wnieh  should ha\e the best, and these are the  best cows, together with the heifers,  which may become hest cows. Cows  which usually paj well for feed and  euie should be well fed cien at some  sacnlice, especially If they are fresh  late in summei or Ull.  They May Work Well TojictUer, bat  Special Training; la  >cce_iNnry.  My chicks have been kept in cat  proof coops for three or four weeks  aud then turned out, the chicks to ruu,  while the hens nre confined In slatted  coops. There is still danger from cats  at that age, but I would rather risk losing a few and give them the benefit ot  tho range than save all from eats and  have only such chicks ns are grown iu  very'close.quarters. There have been  several cats about, but tbe chicks were  out for a Ion,; time befoie the cats mo-  lestid them at all. Then one day 1  went lii'ine at noon and, going out lo  Ui'il the chicks, noticed Hist thnt a  light l'l.iliin.i chick which I was par-  liciil.ilI. anxious to i.tlse because when  liiitcliul be was iie.nl) black, was not  theie. 1 hunted hi'.'li and low, but could  not Iind lilm. Then I counted other  bloods lu that pint of the jnid .ind  found lhat two moie chicks weie miss  Im: That afternoon I choied about tin  place and kept ou Hie aleit loi a distill bailee nnioiig the chicks. About tlm  middle of the afternoon I heaul a commotion uud an lied on the scene Just lu  time to see a nelghboi's cat dlsippeai  with a chick Bolng suie of the cat, I  Imonncd the uolghttoi, aud the eat his  not been seen since, not did anj moie  chickens disappear until several weeks  latei.  Then late one afternoon 1 <-tiw a half  gtown kitten di.vgm.; awaj a chick  that Mould woljrh about a pound As  the chick seeniid to be \eij much alive  I went aftei the cat When I appioach-  cd, It dioppcd Ihe chick and i.in That  evening and again ne\t morning I  watdicd for Its tetuin with a gun, but  It nevei c.iiiie back Iuqiiiiv di*-coieied  that It w.ib .1 eat lhat had been abandoned hy a familj lecentlj moved  away. Uimgei p'l.mptcd it to hunt,  and the elilcks came handy  XVe can hudlj lilime the cat under  such ciiciimst.inees. and I think that  In pel hips tlie in ijoiltv of cases  wheie cits kill chicks the fault Is with  tlie owneis of the < .its Many people  puiposelv Keep theii cats shoit ol food  to Induce them to hunt mice and rats.  The usual icsult is that they hunt  what comes most convenient. The best  mousers and ratters we have had have  been cats that killed their piej, but  i.uclj ate It The hest cat we ever  h'ld caught comparatively few mice  and tats, but patioled tho place so  rhoioughlj that she tilghtencd them  nw ay  In a gieat many cases poultry keep-  eis aie to blame fot cats killing chicks.  They leave an occasional dead chick  wlieie a eat linds it. The cat eats It,  acqtnies a taste lor joting chicken and  soon begins to kill This l_> not a de  fense ol the chicken killing eat. It Is  an explanation The cat tint kills  chickens ought not to be allowed to  live, but as cuts as well as chickens���  that is, some cats���aie useful It Is cer  tauilv tlle best policj to huve cats  tai'ght and trained to let chickens  alone and to allow uo others about.���  Coi   rutin Poultij.  BLACK TURKEYS.  A few dajs ago 1 e\aml'ied the posts  and studding and found then as sound  as tho dny they weie put lu bi.t ovv ing  to a tenant leaving some totteu silage  ln the silo all summer 1 h.,d to | ut in  a new lining foi thice feet up I'on the  floor. The silage lotted on account of  rats gotttng.ln .uid.vvoiking on the bottom some/vvhlch I.will lemedy now bj  putting cement In the (lotion)  I       _   ^IJiikc- for Dr>   Cuitn.     ���    -  Sllngo aiid ha'v will 1 make"a good  growing ni'd maintenance, feed lor  joung stock and dij cows, but will not  sulllce for cows fiom which o'ie expects any considerable nmouiit of milk.  suys/Houid'fl^palrjmini. -jUne .reason  for this In tha't'such lecd Is vei.v bulkv,  niyl the cow cjiniiot out enough ol It to  supply ,'tlie ^necc-siuy nutilment lor  bodily ninlntcnmiie nnd tunilsh solids  for milk. A luither tcison Is that a  ration composed etcltibivcly of silage  and haj dots not contain trough pio-  tcln. Xheietore If the cows aie giving  corsidei ible mill: thej should have  somo concentrated'feed faiilj rich ,In  protein, such as bian, gluten feed, gluten .,meal��sbi<*,w6rR; gruln, cottousc&d  meal, ^tc7- * '  i*t><>'   r     '��i.J/!'.j  For the .voting stock and dry cows  feed fiom five to ten'pbnnds'of haj'nnd  all'ttie'.ullagefthej-vvi]I,ef"t orjegu^erse-  !v tvventj-Iive to fort;, nounds of bllace  and all the hay they will eat without  aijiv waste.  Ripening; Cream.  Cream should be ripened at a tem-  peratuie of 70 to 85 degiees r, owing  to the length of time In ripening and  the amount of acidity when started,  sajs A. J. Myeisjfn1,Kansas Farmer.  The textuie of the butter depends upon  the changes of temperature brought  about duiitig the npeDlng piocess. To  get a good llrm texture'In the butter  lt Is necessary that tlie,cream'be subjected to a tdrnpetattire'below GO degiees F. for, seveial houis some time  during'the ripening. Butter makers  diffei as to tffc best time to hold cream  nt this low tempeiatuie. -Some hold  that It should befooled Immediately  after sepaiatlon to below .")0 degiees F.  aud held at this temperature. Others  claim that the best phn Is to hold the  cieam ut a tempeiatuie favorable for  the growth of lactic ncld gprms (75 to  "SO dcgiees F I tiutll the euum coutnlus  the   lequbedj amount tof  acidity   for  'churning aiid then eool'to below 50 degiees r. and I'old until ready to be  churned. '  An  Intelligent Goorc,  A wntei in Om Animal Fi lends relates several iiuecdotes that show the  i_i*clhgciicc of animals and blids    The  following is among tliem  "At Vn'^lass Cmmtv Down, Ireland  Is a lou;, tiact ol tmf coming to tlie  edge of the iocks ovei hanging the sea,  iv heie cattle and geese feed At a  bain on this tiact theie wns a low In-  elosuie, with a dooi fistened l.j s  hook and staple to the side'post; when  the hook wns out of the staple, the  dooi fell open bv Its own weight 1  one dav saw a goose with a laige tioop  of goslings coining off the tin I to this  dooi. wlilch was seemed bj this hook  In the staple The goose waited lor a  moment or two, as If foi the dooi to  he opened, und then tinncd mound as  If to go iwaj, but whnt she did vva-- to  mnke a uisli nt the dooi and, making  a dait with hei beak at the point of  tho hook ne.ulj thiew It out of the  staple. She repeated this manenvei  aud. succeed I lift at the thlid attempt  tho dooi foil open and the goose lid  fcer tioop in with a sound of tiliim  phint chuckling How had_the goos.>  lentned that the foice of the'iush was  needful to give the hook a sufficient  toss?"  Their   Proxeiit   Stnmllnc   With   Ref-  crene** to  Size nml  Color.  Could the vvnter Impress upon the  minds of fnimcis In general the Importance of this branch of farm life  theie would he moro homes made  beautiful and tasty where now the  means to do this are.lacking. There  Is no branch of poultry raising In  which one can realize more from the  capital Invested.  To raise turkeys successfully nnd for  profit they must be hatched early. It  Is best to use tm Ley hens, as thej In-  vaiialilj make better mothers, cut lng  for the" joung poults much moie care-  full., than domestic hens.  One of the most piomlslng varieties,  the blacks, aie being bud In lilime  muubcis In miiiic sections at the present time. The model n black tm key  Is uciiily equal to the brou/e lu size.  The old sljle blacks weie not only In-  feilor In sl/e, but pool In quality. However, by ciueful bleeding and bundling  and with an Infusion of new blood  they have been greatly Improved In  sl/c and general makeup. To attain  tlielr piescnt weights and general chat-  ncteiistles theie Is no question whatever, but moie or less bionze blood has  been judiciously used.  Fiom u market standpoint theie lb no  question but the blacks will diess jel-  lowcr and even plumper thnn anj other  standntd vailetj. The staiulaid weights  of black tmkejs aie: Cocks, 27 pounds,  hens, IS pounds, eockeiels, IS pounds  uud pullets, 12 pounds. At the piesent  time these weights aie entbely too low.  except ou hens We hnve no tiouble nt  Chi ist mns time .n having pullets fiom  14 to 15 pounds, eockeiels 20 to 21  pounds and cock buds 30 oi over. The  E-tanduid lequnes males aud females to  be lusttous biack thioughout, but It is  u dllllcult mattei to sccuie joung blids  wllh solid coloied plumage, as moie or  less fentheis In wings will Imarlablj  be tipped with white. This will usuallj  disappear at nintuuty. Good strains of  blacks aie stiictly haidj, their eggs  hatch well, and tlcey aie fully as good  lajeis as the bronze or white. They aie  veiy docile In thcir habits and are not  Inclined to iambic as much as other va-  ileties The joung giow rapidly fiom  the start, and at selling time alwajs  command the top of ihe maiket.  The bead and beak should be long  and bioad aud of good shape; eyes  blight and lia/cl, neck of medium  length and well cuived; back broad, ot  good length nnd highest in tbe centci  and curved the shape of an egg. Tho  bieist should be broad, deep aud full;  body of good length nnd louud In out  line, wings of good length and snuglj  folded against the sides; tail of medium  length and when folded compnratlvelj  small Thighs, shanks aud toes should  be of good length, with stiong hone nnd  perfectly straight��� Charles McCIave In  Reliable Poultry Journal.  two  SlllillllR   FflCCH.  i  If theie aien't two In the accompanying plctuie, vve ate no judge of poultiy  smiles It Is a little dllllcult to saj  which appeals most pleased, the laige  loostcroi the small glil The Inttei Is  the daughter of Mr. T. E. nubbj of  Tooil  Vnliir of Tlmoth).  , 'The fact tint It euies easily nnd  quickly, Is free from dust and is clean  jnid i.iicljMilturliid by mollis has rcn-  deied tlmoth) a f.ivtrite with hoise-  men. nnd In consequence It lias been  nsMiniod to beuu cquallj valuable food  forcows. snvs F ti S In llo-iid's Dal-  ljman. The comparative!) small jleld  nud the cltj demand have dilven the.  pilce up till a ton of timothy costs  neaily a's.m'ueli as'a ton of bian, while  Its feeding value Is ouly about oue-  fouith as much.  Cure For Garget.        ,  Ml^ two  ounces eniupho  ph'enlque  and sl\,ounces of olive oil  Apply thiec  times'!, day, after milking I.Ciit.do^n  iher ljeejl-.foj'.a^shoit tlme.and^kecp In a  daik-'stableJdurTug the day.'wifeie slip  willv uot have to  Faimer.  tight flies ���Kansas  Dncklloe* DylnR.  We are requested to give tlie cause of  ducklings dv lug, the following letter  coming Irom Oilcans, Canada  "Will you klndl) tell us the cause  of so many of our joung ducklings  dj lng?���Wo���li n !������just���commenced  duck raising ami our piesent loss Is  not encouraging We feed tliem the  flrst week on mashed potatoes and  skimmilk, mixed with gut. nnd  later ou ns much giound oatmeal us  they can eat 'llie. aie dusted eveiv  fecond week with Iu-pci povvdei They  seem lo dioop llie'i heads In the mora  Ing nnd the following motning tliey aie  dead "  All Inquliies should glvp details Our  coiiespomlent dies not state how often  he teeds, not the kind of giit The  onlv gilt they should haw-Is finely  flushed oyster shells The rapid  glow tli of ducklings ticcpKslt'iics some-  tiling moie than potatoes and milk  (ticilly ull wiiton food), unit the moss  should ,1m. thlcKened ,vvlth bran and  coinineal,' giving one put animal meal  with ever) two pans or the grain food  I.illng tilth In llie \ ml will also cause  loss.���Poultry Km per  Tho matter of properly feeding calves  so they will not die in babyhood,' tho  careful development of heifers toward  cowhoqd and good feeding and care of  cows do not cover'the ground of cattle  breeding, snys7W. F. McSparran In  Breeder's Gazette. Tho proper mating  of sire and dnm so a. defect may be obliterated or a good point or a dozen of  them emphnslrcd und perpetuated ls of  basic lmpoitanco to the breeder. It is  uot enough that the slio bo "registered." Of comse lie should be u guarantee of pmc blood, but he should be an  Individual wot thy to carry and transmit the blood of his race's kings and  queens, and this blood should como to  lilm directly fiom foi hems of such merit ns pioduceis In their lines that they  had a icason for making such n contribution to postcilty.  To see that the offspring of his held  or flock Is born right and to be able to  mold and shape the animals thnt come  to him at bis will Is fnscinntingly attractive to the breeder who is In love  xvlth his business. That all his cffoits  are not successes the breeder w 111 soon  learn. This does uot piove, however,  thnt he hns calculated fiom a wrong  hjpothesls In eveiy case, but that In  his animals arc tiends and Units outside his calculations and Impossible*for  his diiection and contiol, But every  success he does make is an earnest that  be has m..Je an advance towaid the ultimate exactitude of the science of  bleeding.  To ono who hns made these effoits  xvith pure blood and with good nnimnls  nnd who recalls the unceitaluty of the  outcome and the actual failures tho  ciossing of two distinct bleeds can appear to be nothing short of folly. It Is  undoing In a moment what hns taken  yeais to accomplish. The luipiovement  of an animal toward a specific end has  been the work of jeais, of men's whole  lives. Ono man takes It up where another has laUl it down. It is nn evolution of nature's laws, controlled lnigcly  by the band of man, aud because the  law and the man often work at cross  pui poses tho pi ogress Is veiy slow.  But enough advancement has nlvvajs  been noted to encourage tho biecdcr ln  his laboi s.  Breeding Scrub Cattle.  Notwithstanding the fact that there  ls no longer any money In bleeding  sciub cattle, jet, strange as It may  appear, theie aie those who still pur-  sist in hanging on to the sciubs. The  Chicago Dioveis' Journal had these  In mind when it said: "If n man who is  satisfied In bicedlug a little, nondescript, runty class of sei ub cattle  could but take a look around the stock-  er aud feeder section ol the jmds these  dajs and notice pen after pen of these  dwarfed animals of vuiicgnlcd colois  that aie not wanted foi anj use, he  might be liimlj Impiessed with the  Idon that the hist piinclple of success  In the cattle i.i.sing 1_us!ness Is to  stait light. Bleed the right kind, nnd  then If j on hiven't the feed to make  them fat some one else his nnd will  give jou something foi them as feed  ets."  RAISING FARM HORSES.  Cro_a!__s of ClrilesClalea on Troltims  Bred Horsca.  B. V. Wilder of South Dakota In a  communication to Breeder's Gazette  anent crossing draft stallions on thoroughbred and trotting mares says:  I see Mr. Wing still gets a brushing  because he said he raised a good horso  from a cross of the thoroughbred on a  draft mare., Thero 1st no reason why  this cross should not produce good  farm horses If good smooth drnft mares  arc used to the right kind of a thoroughbred stallion. Who hns not Been  the Inrge, ovcigiown sluggish draft  horso that had nothing but sl/c to help  hlni out? Any good 1,200 or 1,1100 pound  horso could outdo him enslly.  I hnvo tiled ciossing trotting bred  mares with drnft stallions. They frequently made the best kind of farm  CITDESDAM STALLION.  horses and sold at a good pi out. The  two maics used In this cioss were good  animals In every lespect. Out of five  colts from three different dtaft stallions only one made a poor horse. The  colts I speak of were from Clydesdale  stallions that weighed from 1,500 to  1,000 pounds. I owned the three stallions. They each stood two years here,  so I had a good chance to compare my  colts with those from big, heavy marcs.  While those from big marcs made the  best sellers for the eastern market, tho  others were the best all around farm  hoises. This season I am using a Per-  cheron stallion on one of the same  ttotting bied mares.  I think Mr. Wing's opinlou on horseflesh Is sound enough, yet away ahead  of some'that think there Is only one  breed of horses that amounts to anything. I lemember horses my father  owned thirty j'enrs ago that could do  as much work on a farm as any draft'  team we have nowadays.  "LOOK PLEASANT,  PLEASE."  Vi'nco. Tc\., one of the toiemost breed  eis of the state She is said to take  quite nn active pmt In the nflalis of  the poultiy jaid She ceitulnly is  taking an active pan In this nffalr. If  heiedity and environment count for  anj thing, we shall expect this'young  ludy to mnke a stir ln tbe poultry  woild In the coming yeais.���faim and  Ranch.  ( A  Bantam   ���.lull, c  The International llnniam Bieedeis'  ,c!ub has been oi���Mnl/id, with Mrs F  % Klmincy,'Moigan I'm). Ill.aspres-  ������idpnt. E J. W U|pf/��� Napervlllc, III,  Is societal y and ticismer, and'vice  ,piesldents have been selecfed fiom several slates.. Jl'he club expects ���_�� oiler  i'lnige cash, pii'.inliiiiib.to <be competed  'for nt the Chicago show. Mr Dietz  would like to hear from all bantam  brcedcis eveiywheie.  Selecting; Bronze Tarkeja.  In selecting n biuure tin key theie.nie  coi tain points of plumage whlcli Indl-  cite ptinty of bned The color should  be a Well, lustious bion/e. which should  glisten In the sunlight like burnished  gold On the back each feather has' a  narrow black baud, which extends  acioss the end The primal}', or flight,  fentheis aie black oi dark gray, aud  the secondniles mo black or brown,  penciled with white or gray, tlie colois  changing to a luonzy brown. The  wing bows are blnck. with a brllllaut  bronze or greenish luster. The wing  centois aie bion/e. the fcatheis teiminuting with a wide black baud. 'Jho  tall Is black, and "each feather Is'penciled with narrow ��� bands of light  brown, ending In a broad band with n  wide edge of dull white or giu.v. 'Iho  legs lu the joung nre usually dnik or  black, changing with ago to a dusky or  pinkish purple. '  DoitcI Trouble In Chlcln.'  Millions of chicks die of bowel trouble In most wisps the cause Is ovei.  feedliin' und the same feed at cverj  imal Do not feed until 30* houis old.  I'Ycd oitmi'al Hakes for the llrst meal,  then when the ctop Is empty,feed di.v  blend eiumbs. ncxtctneked com, then  millet niid all kinds' of cracked grain  Olie a dlffpient fond at'eu'ch hienl and  never feed until Hip crops Are empty  .Boiled mill, and milk cuid may beifed  cnu d.n. i*ici' i inge should be given  over) diy aud especially alter the  foaith tviy.  Toi lameness in the collm 1oint of 'i  hoi"-o nppl) a cantharldln blister, well  nibbed lu ovei tlie hul and keep the  animal up In a sur.II .aid or stall till  well. Repeat the bh��tei In two weeks  If nee es"-it).  Sheep IniUgcMtloii. *  Indigestion in sheep mnj bo avoided  by giving linseed oil meal or giound  linseed once a ilaj  In  feeds of four  ounces to a sheep and on the Hist an-  peaiancc of constipation give half a  pint of the i.iw linseed oil. Give eveiy  day a full teaspoonful of giound gln-  gei. gentian and sulphate of lion   Too  much feeding on second giovvtb clover  should  he avoided, as  It wlll_ easily  cause such trouble as this.  DroTTalncHn and Diarrhea In Sheep.  ' Sheep tiouhlcd/vvlth drowsiness, dlnr-  lhen and cough aie suLTcilug Irom indigestion and should be ticated this way:  Give half a pint of law linseed oil  After It hns operated give bian mssh  once a day. In which giv e to a Iamb oue  level teaspoonful of an even tulxtmo of  giound gingerrgeiuiau and sulphate of  uou.   Continue  this   for  some  time.  Give twice as much to a sheep.  Cornattilk Dlneaac.  Repeated cvpcilmems have failed to  prove that smut Is injuiious to cattle.,  but ln our experience we find  that  where smut Is plentiful there'ls usually  piesent the fungus which gives rise to  "cornstalk disease."   For this reason  great care should be taken ln feeding  the stalkflelds to cuttle. Allow them ln  fields for an llour,or two ln the morning and afternoon and sec that at all  times they enn get a full supply of salt  and water. It is also advisable to feed  liny, straw and other foods in addition  to stnlks w)th tho Idea of obviating Impaction of the stomach or bowels.  Contnnloua OplitUnlmln.  Low, wet places or livers, etc., are  'the source of the genu of ophthalmia,  Physio   the   nlllleted   animals   with  epsom salts; follow with doses of saltpeter twice dally  untll"xvcll.'   Adult  anlmnis take one pound of salts and  tnblespoouful of > saltpeter at a dose.  Cahcs .should .have,, doges according  to skje.   ,Kcep affected ej'es covered  ���with soft cloth to be," kept constantly  wet with "a Jsolutlon of creolln forty  drop's,'*softr'water one'qunrt, or 10 per  ceut solution of'borticlc acid.   If you  Icanupiocurellt In tlnie,~ono of the tar  pioduet disinfectants will be found ns  effective as any other remedy If used  ln 0 per cent solution.  The  General Pnrpoae Perchcron,  An old 1,700 pound Percheron horse,  Honest Charley, did good service ln  this county (Carroll county, O.) for almost a score of years and perhaps begot more foals thnn nny stallion ever  In the county, wiltes J. L. Buchanan  ln Breeder's Garotte. He was gray,  and nil of his colts were gray, which  suiely shows the prepotency of the  Percheion blood. Ilonest Charley  could trot bis half mile in 1 20, or at e  2.40 rate, and won more than one race  at county fairs. His colts weie all  good ttaxcleis. I think we are safe in  saying no other horse of whatever  hiecd got ns laige a per cent of his  colts good movers.  I will tell you of the only two we  ever owned, nnd their history will npply to a gient muuy others In this and  adjoining counties. Chniley, as we  called him, had for bis dam a veiy  common rough and sluggish mare  weighing 1,200or 1,300 pounds. Chniley  when developed weighed 1.5S0 pounds  and could outwalk, outtiot and outpull  any hoi so for several miles around.  We thought he could show a three minute clip. andxhe had not been trained.  We had 1,000 and 1,100 pound horses  that had to run nearly their best to  keep up to him tiottlng. Ue could pull  a buggy sovout)-five miles a day or  haul his half of 1,400 feet of green oak  lumber ov er our hills.  Kan was a beautiful dark gray mure  of 1,250 pounds. Fan was an ideal nil  pmpose mate, a good woiker wherever  hitched "and was about ns good a traveler as Charley.' As a two:year-old she  was dilven^In n buggy''fifty miles in  seven hours and forty-five minutes.  Small Horse, Unlit Load.  . An Illinois coriespondcut of Breeder's Gazette wutes as folloxvs:  My neighbor, who has had fair sired  horses for axvnile, got In line four years  ago nnd bred to a tlioioughbrcd.   So  one daj last spring I met him nnd said,  "Ilello there, neighbor, where aie you '  going?" / The answer was, "I nm going -  down to'my neighbor's to1 trade this big *"  plow for a small one"-(to work his hnlj ���-  thoroughbred to)t So there lt ls.  The  smaller the horse" tbe smaller the load. ,  But overy man,must choose his own  bleed. I prefer those of the coach horso  tjpe for tho ordinary, farmer, as they  can pull a binder, mower or plow and  go to town and back and not bo hurt  ,nnd, I think, can Btand the heat a little  better. ' , i ,,,  i    '   < *; ; ,  Dnal Pnrpoae Cattle/  Wo believe that every faimer as far  as'possible ln the grazing, grain nnd  forage pi educing districts should uso  and bieed dual purpose cuttle, suja  Fnim nud Itnncli. Wheie milk and  butter uio tlie solo qbjects, as witli  those who keep cows ln the towns nud  cltl"s and on the'cotton fauns, tno  dniiy breeds nre of comse preferable,  but this clnss constitutes only about  one-tenth of the people who keep cows.  Funnels, as a rule, should not ,ouly  bleed dual pmpose cattle, but should  use ouly such bleeds as will, whllo  pi ovlding the lequislte amount of milk  and butter, pioduce also first class '  beef animals. 'Farmers should supply  their' local demand with the best beef  the country produces.,   .    ,     ti  I     l     , In the Shcep'a Favor.  ,  " It Is in favor of the slieep that they '  will yield 'a proflt'iindei' dotidltions so  unfavorable that other farm animals  under the same conditions will be unprofitable. 'v v  ���f   .  \fjiff  1  ���li'  ; ���rMi-yHK*1': ^-'rV  i      -i,t  ���A tiA* VtiTij��rj]ffci.ii>^-'.nT,--^,--i-H^iT^ifh^^i^_^i_^^  ~\T  THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER, B. C.  A CHANGED MAN.  Ctlllintlon of a IMiono^rnpli Dnrlna  the l'erlod of CourtNliiii.  "Xo, I never have a bit ot tioulile with  my husband." leinurl.i'il the frail littlo  woman with the intollleciit face. "In  rnet. I hnve him i ight under ni) tlminli."  "You don't lnnk very stinns." doubtfully coiniiieiiti'il the eugagoil Kill.  "You mistake iho, my ilcnr. It's a men-  tnl, not n physical subjection."  "Would jou inim 1 telling me how"���  "Not u bit! Always glad to help nny  ono steer denr of thu iocI.h. Fiist of  nil, you must know thnt a urin in love  is the biggest sort of n fo-il and unyi  things that makos liini nluiost wild when  he hours 'em In nfler life. 1 icnllred It  and from the very beginning of our courtship I kept a phonograph in my room,  nnd eveiy speech lie niinle wns duly ic-  conlcd. Now w liciievor my hiifbanil gels  a llttlo bl; obstreperous I just tuin on n  record or two. Heavens, how lie does  rave! Bin he can't deliy it. They always  w ill, though. If you don't hnvo pioot posl-,,  tive."  "Thank .vou," gratefully mm inured the  engaged girl. "I'll .got a phono jiiipu this  very day."   Why lie Kept Silence.  eAt an evening paity a gentlemen related nn mlvcntmo in which he hnd been  the ptincipn! uctor. niul, seeing luimlstak-'  nlile slimlovvs of doubt on the faces of his  licnieiK, ho iippenleil to n.fuonil who was  piesent nml who had witnessed the circumstances to coniiboinle his statement.  To his utter confusion his fiieiid denied  all Knowledge of the aflair.  Mooting some time nfteivvaid the suspected Ananias said:  "Is it possible that J'ou can have forgotten the eircimistni.oi" to which I icfeired  nt Mis. A.'s pirt) l!*e other night'."  "Ceitmnly nut. l.i) ileal fellow," leplied  his friend, "but I <nuld se>o that eveiy one  piesent looked upmi jou ns uu incorrigible ii.ir, and I hnl ton niiich legurd for  my chniiictot to lis1: being taken for another."  Gronchmali mill  tlio  Mlllciiian,  "You use lots uf milk, dou't you?"  querier the niilk-unn as he peeied  thiough Hi." "(.oon end s.nv Mi. Gionch-  nian at the bieiil.fnst table,  ."l'es," jibvvli'd that individual; "I eat  lots of Ino.in ami mill;."  ���"Well," Miiil the milkman, tijing hard  to be pleasant, "it's pictt) healthy, I  guess."  "Yes," .ansiveiod ..Gi'ouclimnn, "anil  thcie's nnollier thing in its favor. It nf-  foids mo such nn elegant opportunity  to cast my bioad upon tho vvatoi-.."  ANOTHER STARTLIRG OTTAWA CASE,   ���-���  I LETTER FROinilUiCASSM.  Following the Report of G.  H.   Kent's Cure   of Bright's  Disease by Dudd's  Kidney Pills, an Ottawa Paper  Calls Attention to Another Remarkable Cure.  From tlio Ottawa Citizen.  A iipiesotitntivc of the Cltl/en recently learned of a remarkable culo  of n well-known rooident of Ottawa  'vho has suffered for years with a  terrible ullllttion. The well-known resident is Mr. S. A, Cnssldy, and the  ull.K'llon jvas siono in the kidneys.  The Cul'/ci. ropresentativo culled on  Mr. Cnssldy to verify tho reports of  his ici overy. and found them to be  true. - Ho "is tho proprietor of the  Bijou hotel. Metcalfe streot.  ]lo is'known by almost everybody  and is liked as generally as ho is  known Ills hostelrj- is between the  main entrance to Parliament Buddings/and the pi incipal thoroughfare  oi the cltj-. and It is not to be won-  dorod at thut he has more than a  nodding luqiiaintanco with tho gentlemen who hold the destiny of this  countiy m their hands.  \Miun old residents of Ottawa arc  in u reminiscent mood nnd talk of  the flood old spoiling days, they al-  wajs associate tlio name of Sam Cns-  sidy wlio took an active part in  spoil '20 yenis ago.' He xvas a fast  runner, and jumper of local' renown,  and '.ook nn actix-e part m nil lines  of sport. Today ho is forty years  old, and tips the scnlo at 250  pouni's  'I he intimate friends of this robust  man have known that for the past  ten years he has been a sufferer from  n disocso thnt balllcd medical skill,  and that he bus lingered between life  two weeks' duration, nnd when ho  left lii3 bed ho was reduced In flesh  nnd xvns almost a physical wreck.  Some yeius ago an eminent physician diagnosed his discuse as "Slono  in the Kidney," but oven after the  dia^nosl-i the phyMcinns wero unable,  to effi ct n permanent curo. Today  ho is u well man. Ho has found a  icnied.v that has banished tho disease  ���a remedj' that has cured where  medical aid xvas Ineffectual.. The  remedy Is I_odd's Kidney Pills, and  Hi. Cnssiciy feels so elated over his  release fiom the excruciating sufTci-  ing that he has given tho folloxving  statement over his own signature to  a xvell-known Ottawa newspaper  man  Ottawa, Aug. 8, 1901.  I'enr Sir,���I want you to publish  for the benefit of others xvho aro suf ���  ferine; us I have sutlcred for years  about how, I was cured of Stono in  the Kidneys. My friends all know  that I haxu been a murtyr to this  disease for years. They know that  bosides consulting the best physicians in the city and trying every  kind of remedy I could .think of, I  was unable to get bettor." Somo time  ngo a friend of mine told mo thnt  build's Kidney Pills would cure mo.  As a last resort I tried them and  thev have cured me. This is tho first  year in n gient many that I havo not  lie-n conluied to my bed xvith the disease, r, could not imagine more sc-  veio suffering than one endures who  L.iilics' Spocinl Hk unld filled  IIuiitiiiR enso Kuarnntooil to vieur fur  2*. jonr-i, with oltlior W'ultliiim or Klein moiomant. A nilomliilwali.li for  ,i si Inuii lo.iclmr or nur-o.  I^.OO  Gent's Specialopon f��co, uie  uoldflllod cn=o guaranteed to near  for2"i jour., witli olthor Wnlthnm or  niuln movoraoiit. A good rollablo  timo-pmco for .my mini. Sont to any  nddross. Money elioorfiilly rofiradeJ it  uns.itlstiictor) aud returned 111 onco,  D. R. DINGWALL,  Ltd  Two Sioros  MAIN'  and  death  on manj* occasions since j is ufllictcd   xvith Stono in the Kidney  lie xvu�� llrst attacked.   At the initial   and I feel the greatest gratitude to  stage of the disease he xvns taken  with xiolcnt crumps in the loft side  of his stomach, and the best skilled  physicians could nltord him x-cry ,ht-  tlo relief.   'Die attacks xvere of about  Benin's Kidney Pills, for they have  cured 1110. Anyone who has suffered  need suffer no more.  S. A. CASSIDY,  Ottaxva, Canada.  HOWS LINIMENT Cures Dandruff.  There aie more dumb waiters than  dumb barbers.  Beware of Ointments for Catarrh  That Contain Mercury,'' ���  as mercury vull suroly'dcstroy tho senso of smell  and completely dcrango tho whole sshiem when  outering it tlnough tho mucous surtacos. Such  articles should novor bo used excepton prescriptions *rom reputable pliyuicians, ns the dnmago  thiy -rill do js tenfold to tlio Rood you can pos-  iblydonvoirom them. Hall's C.iturrli Cure,  manufactured by F. J. Cheuoy & Co.,Toleno, O ,  contnni3 r.o mercury, and ii taken intornully,  acting directly cpou the blood and mucous surfaces of tho sj steal. In buj mi; Hall's Catarrh  CurobosurojoiiBefcthorenimio. It Is taken  .intonuilli.andmiidoiri Toledo, Ohio, b) F, J,  Cheney A, Co,  Testimonials froo.  Sold by Drnwists, prico 73c. por bottle.  Hall's Tamily Fills, uro tlio best.  'Tho 'average man woilld feel bored  a good deal oftener than he does  xvere ho not accustomed to associating xvith himself. '  Pear Sirs ���I xvas foi seven joars a  sufferer from Bronchial trouble, nnd  xvould be so hoarse at times that I  ifliiid scarcely speak aboxe n whisper  I got no relief from anything till I  tried jour MINAHD'S HOXDV HAL-  PAW. Two bottles gave relief and  six bottles made a complete cure _ I  vvoidil heartily recommend''it to anv-  one suffeimg from throat or lung  trouble. *  J   F. VASBU&KIUK  Ti ed 'ricton  ; DOCS OF ALASKA.  The dogs of Alaska are called mal-  amutes. Thev are a cross betweon'a  dog'and a wolf, audi xvork in harness soon after thoir biith. Thej''���do  not bark, but hax-e a. peculiar howl  Thoy have long hair, and can sleep  in the opon xvith the tliermonitter 60  degrees below zero. .Their*usual food  is fish and seal blubber. They aie  fed .onco a day, usually at night.  FitAIL LITTLE ONES.  "A genius is a man xxbo can make  other men believe ho knows 111010  than thoy do.  HOW TO CURE HEAOAOHE.-Some  peoplo suffer untold mlsoiy dny after day  with Headache. Thero is rest neither day or  nighl until the neives aro nil un-tiun^; lhe  cat*) ih generally a disordeied stomach, and  11 curo can bo effected bj using Purmeleo'i  Vegctiiblo Pills, lonlainine Muiidruke and  Dandelion, Mr. Kinlcy, Walk. lymndor,  P. Q., writes: "'I Iind rnvmoleo's l'lllo a  first-clam nrliclo for Bilious Headache."  , -  t Many a man is able to climb to  success because" his xvifc holds tne  la'ddor.  - ���' <        '���  Mlnard's Liniment cnres Bnrus. Etc.  Anyway, the pocket in a xvoman's  diess is about as easy lo find nsitho  inside pocket in a man's x'est is to  get nt '        '  SOZOeONTFORTHETEETH 25c  1  *'     ' ���z���      _"   I  The Cluck government has seemed  a monopoly of the picture postal  card business, and has issued cards  with 01 dilTciont views of famoiti  cities and oilier seems.  MWABD'S LINIMENT for Sale m\T*\m.  ANOTIIEIl LL'ANIKG TOWEtt   ,  Tho fumoais leaning toxver of iPisa  lias a rival'in tho Temple, tower of  - Nl '  Bristol, in England. It is a sejuare  towes of early gothic architecture  All its parts still preserve thoir^nor-  mal relative positions xvithout cracks  or fissures. Tho tower, which is  _abquty115 feet high, is-Ave feet out  of the perpendicular at the summit. '  Their Hold Upon Life is Slight, and  '   Mothers Have a Great Responsibility. (      '   , i  Cverv babv���every little ono���requite, constant care and xvutchlul-  noss, and xvhen a trace of illness is  noticeable, the remedy should be  Iirmnptly applied. The little ones  are.frail fJ!_eir hold upon life is  slight The slightest symptom of  tiouble. should be met by the proper  corrci cive medicine Baby's Oxvn  Tabids have a record surpassing all  otlui medicines for the curo of child-  lens ailments They are purely  vegetable and guaranteed to contain  no opiate or poisonous drugs such  as lonn the base of most so-called  " scothmg " medicines. For sour  stomach, colic, simple fevers, constipation, all boxvcll troubles, the irritation accompanying the cutting 1 of  teotli. ' sleeplessness and similar  svinptoms, ^those Tablets are without un equal They act duectly  upon the organs xvhich cause the  tioublos, nnd gently but effectively  remove the cause and bring back the  condition 'of perfect, hearty health  D/i'rv mother who has used these  Tablet b foi her little ones praises  them, xvhich is the best evidence of  then gieat worth. Mrs David Buf-  fiolil, Ponsonbj-, Ont, saj-s "Baby's  Own Tablets aro n wonderful medicine 1 think they sax'ed my baby's  l.fe, and I ' gratefully recommend  then to other mothers. Ask, j*our  druggist for liaby's Owjn Tablets If  ho does not keep them send 23 cents  di'cu. to us and xve xvill forvvaid a  bo", piepaid We haxe a x-aluablc little booklet on the caie of children  and how to treat their minor ail-  n"e��l.s xvhioh xxo xvill send frco of  chaiij'i'to any mother who asks foi  it. Tho Br. Williams' Medicine Co.,  Erockvillo, Ont. ��  CHINESE ACCOUNT OF DELUGE  There has been discovered in China  a curious pictuio, evidently of great  antiquit}', which is supposed to rep-  icsent Xoah's ark resting on the top  of Mount Ararat. As is xvell knoxvn,  the religious literature of almost  oxerj- nation and race contains an  account of a deluge, but a Chinese  maiiiisci lpt recently unearthed follows x-ery closely to the story recorded in the Bible.  JTRSCTLY  ONE PRICE.  "V"  PILE MM GIRLS.  HOW THEY MAY    GAIN   BRIGHT  EYES AND TiOSY CHEEKS.  .a"  ^[Masculine   Bratnlit?.  "Some' men' aie' biutesl" oielaimed the  man .who had been leading a newspaper.  '"Hint is quite ti lie," nnsvveiod Ml.  Mei'kton. "I know u ninn who linlutually  fo.-rcts to put the Lej under the dooi mat  vilieii Ins wile cues nut to leetuio. The  inn lie Uii'iN her iin.'iiij; the bell vvlulo  lie vv.ikis up out of n Miimd sleeii. imikes  n-hfiht. put", on -���nine elotho��'\.ind Ki'ts  dov��ii;.lo tLe iloor is iiojutivol.'.iiihiiiiiau.''  Notwithstandlmg tho great increase  in population, only 080 persons were  condemned and punished for perjury  in Germany in 1891), as'against 1011  in 1882 ,,ji t,  If a man thinks only of himself he  hasn't much use for brains.  Good for Bad Teotfo  ,Not Sad for. Good Teeth  11.1 i    '.'i   .".  W. N. U. No. 350.  Sozcdont..  25c  Soiodont Tooth Powder 25c  large Liquid and Powder 75c  BALL S. RUCKEL. Nuw York.  The Story of a Young Girl Who buffeted from    Headaches,  Dii/iness  ' and Fantmg Spells���Hor Health  'Became so Bad That   She    Was  Forced to Give Up School.  Miss Catherine McLellan is . a  young lady well known in.Charlotte-  town, PEI, and greatly esteemed  among hoi acquaintances Like so  many other young ladies throughout  the land. Miss McLellan fell a vi<^  tun to anaemia, or poorness of  blood, and although several medicines xxeie tried, she found nothing  to help her until she began using Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills for Palo Peoplo  Miss McLollan tells tho story of her  illness as folloxvs "I am now 18  years of age, and for a consideiable  ti c suffcicd much fiom anaemia.  My blood had almost turned to xva-  tei, and I xvas very weak and pale ;  in fact could not undergo the least  exertion. My appetite failed me , I  suffered- from headaches, if I stooped  I? xvould become duiy, and frequently 1 suITeied from fainting spells I  tried soveral kinds of medicine and  doetois prescribed for me, but instead of getting better I xxas gradu-  allj' gi ov ing xvealier, and eventually  had to discontinue going to school  About this tune I read the testimonial of a girl xvhosc condition -xvab  similar to mine, xvho had been cured  bj'_Dr ^Willianisl__Pink_Pills.jJ_ then  decided to, try' these pills, and have  every reason to be gratified that 1  did so, as they have completely res-  toicd my health Eveiy one .of the  symptoms that had made my life so  miserable' ha.vo disappeared, and I  am now enjoying us good health as  any girl oflmy ago could wish, and  I shall always have a good xvord to  say for Dr   Williams' Pink Pills.  Miss McLellan further stated that  while she xvas not desirous of publicity in matters of this kind, she  nevertheless felt that her experience,  if known might bo the means of  bringing health to Homo other sufferer, and it is thlB very praiseworthy motive that has Induced her  to glvo. tho above statement for publication'."      ���   *    *"*  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills make rich,  red blood, ��� and glvo < tone to the  nerves. It is because of this that  they,bring bright eyes, rosy, checks  and' light footsteps to girls who  havo been weary, palo and listless  and had begun to'foel that life xvns,  a bnrdon. Palo and anaemic girls  everywhere should givo these pills  a fair trial, as tliey are certain to  restore., health and strength. Sou  that the full -namo "Dr_ Williams"  Pink Pills, for Pale .People" is , on  the wrapper/around every! box Sold'  by all dealers, or sent postpaid atl  50c' ai''boxi or'six boxes ���'tfon82.60,,  by addressing the Drv Williams Medicine Co., Brockvillc, 'Ont.  "Ryrie Bros." is a  strictly one price  jewelry house. from  this rule there is  absolutely no deviation whatever from  january to december,  not even to the extent of a ioc. 'piece.  This, in conjunction  with our system of  marking' all goods in  plain figures, makes it  just as easy and safe  for a child to shop at  "Diamond Hall" as  the most experienced  connoisseur.  J?!5Jn.  !] >  TttY OUR MAIL 011DER DE-  I'AUTMEXT. VVE llcrUXD  MOOTY IN FDI.L Ir DhSIBED.  T*2  RYRIE BROl,  ToRdNTO.  COR.TO10E AND  I Adelaide jtriet.  .THE.  NEW PIANO"  Occupies a lnrco space in your thoughts.  "" ' IAMS ana it xi ill'  )lp>ou to purchoso by our oasy paya____  methods.   Wo giuminlco plcu&uro to thoso wholiv  }ou s*ct n WILLIAMS antf it will last}on alitotlmo?  XVe -���---���-���--- ���       .     ...  Bo "sure  ...    Htotlmo.'  . e can holp > ou to purchaso by our oasy payment ���  lothoiU.   Wogiuminlcopit~ -   --"-  ton to tho dulcet tones ot a  WILLIAMS' PIANO  so rich, pure aud bating.       J    '  FOERESTER & HATCHER  Y. M. C. A. Illlc..       PortoBO Am,        'SVinuipcs.  l)r���\iiis ami Udrcdgo "B" SonniB miirliincn.  (Afy,  if? 4sUti/ <&V &T7lVlsTL>���As<i/fM  Enchained.  An Unslish alderman of one ofthe new  boioiiKli-, iu the provinces, meeting a  mend who occupied a biiiill.ir position o��  dignity and usolulnoss in a neighboring  distiiit, s-iid:  "Wo have provided our mayor with<n  splendid chain. What arc you doing for  joins.'"  "Oh." replied his friend, "we are going to let our bounder ruu loose."  ���- Money  TnllEH.  Justice���Will .von swear that you saw  the accused b'uol.in^ a cigniette?  'Witness���I ilon'i swear, join honor,  but I'll bet j on *>10 to.$r> that ho was.  ,    FI3II THAT   TURX HEADS.  Only two lish can tuin their heads  independently of their bodies. These  aie the garpike aiid the seashore   ^  ._.___���_�� ...    ���  illoway &  BANKERS AND BROKERS  jafflDion  IVIKSIPEC.  Write to us for p. ices of SCRIP,  Get our List of Lands.  Stcck3 and 3ond_i Eoaght and Spld._  We can furni-h tho o^aei aicount of I  Scrip for any pajir-eut on Dominion j  Lands.   Do not pay ceo,  TRAVELS OF TIIE EYE  The eye of an educated person averages 2,-i00 miles   of leading in a  lifetime  Very miiBj' persona die annually from,  cholera and hindied summer complaints,*  who might hnvo boon saved if propor remedies had ben used. If ntlncked do not do-  lay m Gottni!. a bottle of Di. J. D. Kellogg'a  Dysentery Coiduil, the medicine Unit never  feilB (oellcci-acuic. Those who have used  it say it act= piomptly, and thoroughly bub-  dues tho pain and dUeaso.  Youth is really 'the' only thing;  worth having���and it is about all  the average youth has.  High Pralie.  "Oh, Mr. Long.iir," evclaimcd Miss  Gushing.on, "theio'sone thing I do so  iidiinie about jour drawings in the papei s!"  "Indeed?" leplied tho young artist,  much pleased.   "And that is?"  "Your siguature. 1 think it's just too  cute."  SLEEPLESSNESS Is due to nervous ox-  eltemont. Th"'delicately ennttituted, the  financier, the'business man, and thoEO whose  occupation necessitates gre it montal strain  or worrj', all eu_f��r less or more from it.  Sleep is the greatrestoicr of a worried brain,  and to get sleep clenuse the btomach frcm  all impurities with ale--, doses of Farmcleo's  Vegetable Pills, gelatluo coutcd, containing  no mercuiy, and are gu.uanteed to give satisfaction or Iho money will be refunded.  AGENTS     ���Wj&.IN'T.EI"*   ,_  WANTED, Asent. for iho salo of H.irdy Enssia'n  uppiob, eurninl-, soo'-oborries, oniamontal trees  aucl seed Potatoes. Eveiy salesman has exclu  sivotciritory. Simple outflt froo. Good pay.  We aro ono of tho oldost established firms in  Can ida. Appplj now. PELHAtVl NURSCRY CO.  Toronto, Out.  N. B.Catalogue free. Farmers can malco Rood  money during their slack season.       V. N Co. t  ITTANl'UD-PAIU'IES.a'O DO KMTI'lNt.  tt for us at homo. W^ furnish varnandma-  chmo. I_asy v/orlc. Good paj.' Hand Knitters  also wanted. Send stamp f:r particulars to  SIASD.UiD nOSE Co., Dept. n, Toronto, Oct  DOIl t'Be IdlC-WcwmsjppjjoawithMorki  toboduiio hthome. .lumpcrl  wecK rasllf e&rnctl knllllne >ox. W e auuiilr luichlnA and I  maturUl. aril (.ay for vrorl. us ncutln U rlta to day. Tbe I  "��oplj a Kuktltig S> Qilliate, Limited, Torulito, Canada.  ASK  f-'OR  COST  MORE   AND   WEAR    BETTEH  Don't wait for opportunity to call  on you.   Go and meet it half way.  A Silence Explained.  "What makes you keep so silent?"  asked the young woman.  "I alwaj-s think before I speik," answered the young man, "and In that way  1 realize that I haven't anj thing to say."  WOMEN PREFER THE OLD.  It is a noteworthy fact that the  Japanese man quickly discards his  inconvenient and unseemly robe, but  the Japanese woman seldom exchanges her picturesque kimono for  the diess of other_ivomcn about her  IRON STOVES UNKNOWN  In Paraguay all    the   houses have  brick'stoves, built in them, so thero  is    llttlo or    no   necessity   for non  stoves. | -  *  EXTRAVAGANT IN COMPARISON.  The traieler in China, who pays  from 1 to 3 cents a day to a number of coolios to tote him several  hundred miles across the desert,  pavs nn extravagant price for the  transit as compared with the man  boards a limited tiain in New York  ut> for San Francisco, which is operated by an engineer, fnemati, conductor and brakeman, whose salancs  range from $75 to 5100 per month ���  STILL ANOTHER TRIUMPH. ���Mr.  Thomas S.Bullen, Sunderland .writes: "For  ( fourteen years I w as afflicted wil h Piles; and  frequently I was unable to walk or sit, but.  four years ago I was cured by using Drjl  Thomas' Eclectnc Oil. I have also been  subject to Quinsy for over forty years, but  Eclcctrio Oil cured it, and it was a perms-  Bent cure in both coses, as neither the Pile*  nor Quinsy have troubled me since."  SOZOBONTTQOTHPOWPEB 25c  Unless the    engagement  is  uioken  oil the wedding is likely to como oil  MINAED'S LINIMENT Relieves Nenralgla.  Some people spend a lot of time  In rcgiciting things that never happen      * > i  >The   druggisb who    sells   soothing  sj-rup is guilty of taking hush money  Uso the safe pleasant and effectual worm-  killer. Mother Graves' Worm Eitorminator;  nothing equals it. Procure a bottlo and  take it homj.  A boy never tells his troubles to a  man who weais wluskeis  The never-failing medicino, Holloway's  Corn Cure, removes all kinds of corns, warts,  etc; ev en the most difllcult to remove cannot  withstand tins wonderful remedy.  -STearlv nine-tenths of the wine in"  the woild is produced in the counti ies> border __g on the Mediterranean.  ^Agftift^v^(MA<vyAA<(|]^^  and Men and Women with Back Pains, JRhessnta'  'tlsl^NervetW^knessTihWgelstioni'Gonsiipatieni  Liver, Kidney or Bladder Trouble*  My Electric Belt has restored health and strength to thousands of  nervous, debilitated, and pairi-worn men and women.    You also can  be cured if .you will grasp the opportunity I offer.    Read what the  cured say.     Electricity, as furnished by my Belt, cures by giving  back to the weakened nerves, muscles and organs the vitality they  bave'lost, reducing inflammation, developing tho full vigor of health  and removing the effects of overwork, exposure to  weather, and long continued  sickness.  To those who havo trusted and been betrayed,by seductive promises ; to those who  h��ve swallowed pailfuts of pills and liquid medicines without result except a damaged  stomach'and increased pain and weakness, and to those who have worn so-called  electric belts, which either burned and blistered the body or gave no electricity, I )  offer a positive cure by means of my Electric Belt.    It gives a stronger current than any other, and to  guaranteed not to burn nor blister.  I am not giving Belts away.    I am offering to cure first and be paid after you are cured.    I havo an  Electric Belt which DOES CURE, and any honest person who will secure mo can have my Belt and pay ���  me when cured.'   Can anything be fairer than that ? .      . ,   , , ��� ,  8PEOIAL NOTIOE���If you hnve an old belt which hns blistered you or gave no electricity, I will allow,  you in exchange half tho price of mine. *, , ,���        , ,  OALL TO-DAY���Consultation and test FREE. , , r,  .FREE DOOK���If you can't call, write for my. beautifully illustratod SO-pago book and letters from the  cured, sent healed, free,   Atldiess. enclosing i> ' 'ad., '     ' l  ' r I     *      Il        I '��� ,1'   I   I .   <l> vl    'I ,' ,}  '      1     __ '   - Il    I ' /"I  Office Hour* 9 a ni. to S W p.iu.  DJt.' P^. Bi ..R/ieLAUGHUN, 138 Vcnge St., Toronto  ���v*VV��W**��**iWVWVVVVWvV^��VVW^W.,.VvVvV^^^  >'V -iT i 'v     \   i    -'   * 'VJSrSC  ���V   -lii-.  \    ..   >-f'iw,S   V*  --.     *  >  i _ _,*,... ���_.!���:*>,. _7._.-7i -" ,���'\ '< .�� \'.,"  v i '  '.,_���    ft.\x -*������������   -  .. __ ���..   f j*  -, <��� "r-i���~*i  Ss^l THE INDEPENDENT.  BATUIU>AY. DECEMBER 7, ISM  We have new lines of these  goods  that  leretoforo.  arc   better   than  All  high.  price;  but  none   are  50c. 75c, $1, $1.50, $2.  420-422 Westminster Ave  McARTHlJR  ��>   LOUGHEAD,  CORNtR    BARGAIN    STORE.  Dry Goods, Smull Wares, House furnishings, Men's Furnishings,  Oil Cloth, Linoleums, Etc.  Corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street.  docs not sympathize with unionism���  .but .tliey .work Saturday afternoons all  ���tlie same. All our ipolit'Iuiiuis and employers aiv in tongue sympathy. AV.hat  is it worth? Nothing. What vve wa'it  is practical sympathy. Let thos.1 who  have lt Join us; anyhow, if tliey have lt  tibey Will vote Willi us; meanwhile let  the ainil.iteil0soc!eili.�� work to)retti?r,  and ilou't ibe lliroivliix b.ilt or compro-  mltiiiiK t.liems. Ives to the tongue bym-  .p.itli;.si'iM, woik on the Hues laid down  In the motion, and vve nro bourn! lo  come out on top. Don't mnke the  .suiue ^cuiliiuiilal mistake mail.' In  fireat Iliilnln years ngo. Let us mart  up to dalto, prospclng* on other ipci>;ilc;'  eMierlcnee. UNIONIST.  Vancouver, Nov. 2S. 1901.  That it will pay you to call and get our prices on  Toys, Games, Fancy Goods and Holiday Books before buying. Our stock is now complete, and we  have everything you need in these lines.  Century Suf^E&j Company,  Near City Grocery 442 Westminster Avenue  ����������������������������� ������������������������������������������������� ��������������������  ��� ���  st a Reminder  That vve have a lurjier assortment of Christmas presents in  9 s-toelc, such as Parlor "nnd Jln-.ii; Cabinets, China Clo-eto', Easy  9 . C'liuirs, Couches, Etc.; best line of Sideboards in the city. We  9 make all our Upliuli-tered Goods.   If you want ii nice nuw  *V Carpet call on ns.   Wu have no old stock to work off on you.  y iivervthinij lip to date a(  | G. W. KUTCHiNGS, Furniture Dealer  9 Opposite City"Ilall, Westminster Avenue.  ���������������������������<��� o^t>o<a>-��^��_�������������� ��������������������������  I  LEnERS TO THE EDITOR.  RFf  rOLlTIC-AJJ ACTDON.  TO thO KdllOl Of TllK IXDEI'CNDCXT.  Sir,���I bos to call attention to.report  ot abovfe In your last week's it-sue.  lUte committee in. lis report gives its  ctpmiQU of tbe tiue cau.<=e of leforni, "to  nuUce steady, substantial progress, it  must ho carried out on bfoad, llibciul  3&__es, ea.re being taken fllialt mil sections  ���ot ibase .interested m reform he duly  nepresonited." ln regard to this, I wish  to draw your readers' attention to a'  proposition placed before oui- I_ra.n?_i  ��j�� tlie, Amalgamated Society of Car  Renters and Joiners iin October last, to  lie voted on, and I may say was car  tied unanimously, and vve hope it will  1*1 oairried out thoroughly:  "No. 3.���Laibor ttepu-csentation Committee���"That .this Council recommends  to 'Uie members the advisability o�� our  society's affiliation wiUi the Labor Re-  . inresentaltion Committee' which has bean  cBtalbl'ished in conneotion with the  Trades Union Congress.' Jtehson: The  fact tihat ou.r sodiety is already affiliated with the Trades Union Congress is  <wr_sk_��Ted to ibe a good reason why  ���mio" members should halve an opportunity of saying avTitetihor ithey are in favor of joining the Labor Representation Ooirranittee, which has been estab-  IMied in connect'iop, with it. The affiliation fees are ten sMilings per thousand mleiabers per annum.  ���"Constitution of ithe Committee.���The  ��Knowing resolutions, passed at the  liomdon Conference, and amended at  Mamlohester, define the purpose of the  committee: Labar Candidates.���That  tUtls conference lis In faivor of vvorking-  ���class -opinion -be1! ng- rcprcstn tcd-in-tlie  Housfe of Commons by* men syrapa-  UUfetic with the alms and demands of  ���he laiWor movements, and whose can-  iHdaituxes are .promoted by one or  other of the aRUIatdd societies.  "Lobar Party In Parliament.���That  IWls coiufercnce .is In favor of ewtalb-  Edhliig ai distinct labor group in parliament, ���w'ho shii'U have their own  ivlhlps, and agree upon tholr policy,  wthloh must embrace a readiness to  co-ojtfinite with any party ln opposing  measures having an opposite tendency;  ��md, further, members of the lalbo>-  group tthiill not oppose niny candidate  wfliose candidature is being promoted  by one of our affiliated sooletl'es. The  Hxecultlvc-.���-That the Rxecutlve Com-  otttttfe nhiill co.iutI.st of thirteen.tvpri-  ���entaitllyes, seven of whom shall represent the tradu unions, oniO the .tra��l.s  oounolls,' one the Haiblan society, two  the Independent Labor Party, two the  Social Democratic Federation. Suoh  members sdiaJI be elected >by their re-  apectlivie organizations."  Now, I claim'this is as brood as we  can possibly go amd ae fair, if labor  Virions and affiliated bodies are to take  tlie Initiative Jn reform it is from then-  ran Its our leadei-s should be produced.  The conwnltlee so.ys it js opposed  to  any class claiming a monopoly-right to  rule.    I  think  the above motion  carries with it the only true representatives of the working classes. Of course,  there aa-e a number of moVith sympathizers, ibut as they keep"out of organizations  and   travel   the  way   the  vvilnd blows, free, as they claim, to do  as they like, and refu.se to be trammelled by anyone or party, we cannot  place any reliance on them.   We must  have a body bound together with common interests before we can carry any  weight.   Takilng the report all through,  it seeins to me like our   city council  wishing to experiment Instead of taking .practical e��perincc as a guide.  Tha  city   of   London,   England,   has   the  heaviest and most traffic on its streets  of any city in tho world, and Its var  Sous councils for the lttst twenty years  have declared wood block pavement to  be the best, most durable and cheapest  to  repair,   yet  In  spite  of tliis  the��e  western cities are constantly wasting  public monies experimenting on brick,  bitumen, etc.   I use this as a simile.  Mr. Joseph Chamberlain, in a speech  some time ago, gave as one reason wliy  America  was    able to  compete    wilth  British manufaictures was the freedo.n  from legislation laivvs governing them;  the British manufacturer had too many  rastrictions placed  upon him.    I presume from this he referred    to   employers' liability and factory exits.  The  American is free   to   kill, malm and  otherwise Injure his employees as he  pleases.   Now, these .laws were push3d  through in spite  of strong opposition  by mien in sympathy with laibor, honorable-men, -and ���men���of-independent  means.   We honor them, for it.    They  were good representatives of the people.  But to-day they stand with their sympathies,  and dare    not   move.    They  claim   the   country   cannot afford to  legislate for any   more   protection or  rlglhts of tlie thousands   of vvorWing-  men; they .have already tied the employers too much.    The prosperity of  the country must be 'kept up, an'd so  decline to move any further, but they  sympathize with .us aind declare If anything mono lias to be dome we must  do lt for ourselves.    If this Is so  ln  Britain, how much does It apply to ui,  who, at best, find ourselves governed  by men who are directly opposed  to  us, wiho are Interested In the different  projects Cor in-uktiig money, and whose  podlblans  depend   on   the crushing of  the working man or (keeping him in  abeyance, ait the same itlme giving us  UtDalr sjrmipaithy.   We tfo not want sympathy.   We ore not children, helpless  balbes.   Sympathy Js poor food for a  Jiauigry miam.    A solid beefsteak will  relaich hifl (heart quicker.   There is not  a car-penter in- Vancouver, at learit thait  la roy experience, italMng to them, w'nol  TIIK  ULIOUKS.  To the Editor ot Tin: Inhki'KMiknt:  Sir,���I  would  like to call the attention of all Union men to the fact that  they have forgotten to impress it upon  the memory of tholr wives to demand  the working  card of the clerics when  they go into a store to purchase goods.  If the clerk cannot show a card for the  quarter why do not trade with him, but  find another.    Or If there are none In  the stoie to go where they c.in find one.  Now, fellow workers, In union there Is  stiengtli. and by patronizing only union clerks you can assist very materially in the upbuilding of our association,  and also assist yourselves, as th.: advancement of one   union    Is also the  strengthening of  all  unions,   and  the  time is  al  hand when  we should  all  stand shoulder  to shoulder.    Now,  in  conclusion, lot me say that In a city  of the size ot this  there should be a  good stiong local union, and the members should attend regularly, and not  leave the burden.of the work on a few.  Suiely the clerks can well afford to give  two evenings   a month  to their local  union when they have nil the rest of  their evenings to  themselves.    At the  next regular meeting on Tuesday evening,  December   17th. officers   -will be  elected for the next six months,  and  all members are expected to be present.  Yours for 11111011, A CLERK.  --Vancouver, Dec. 5th, 1001.  CHEAP GOODS.  (Continued from Pnge Ono.  ruinous underbidding. Dt is mostly  done by piece work. Indeed as to this  class of labor, it consists in so large a  part of 'those wiho a.re compelled to a:-  cept rather than to choose their work,  that it is taken without neferonce to  tho possibility of a livelihood being  made thereby, the miserable workers  getting simply all they can from it, begging as much as possible to supplement t'lteir below starvation wages.  Were you to' pass into their so-eallej  houses, you would seo foul den's, whlcli  become the breeding si>ots of foul diseases. *Weite you to look at the m?n,  women and children, you would see a  picture of despair and death. "What is  iill this for? To gain some high and  holy object? To make the world better? Ah, no! The only tilling gained  or desaied to be1 .gained is the manufacture of cheap goods, in order to sell  these goods cheaper than somebody  else who perhapg has a little more conscience. 'Here vve have .a picture ot  what the lust of gatan, the com.patn.tive  system, and the unrestrained operation  of Individual self-effort cam. malice. Employers insolvent, employees amazingly  docile 'though steeped ito the llps< in  wretchedness, and you have the general public tolerating a condition of  things that would have been a disgrace to heathenism. Yet when the  cry is raised by somo earnest soul for  a change, ia. radical change, the min  wiho has Welcome itfhe embodiment of  this disgraceful system says with a  sneer, that the svvealllng system must  be in order to produce cheaip goods, in  other words, we mu^t   maike brutes,  dreaa a. word to the ladies.   Our female Mends have a particular fohd-  ness���almost amounting   to a fad���for  cheap goods.   Tliey want all the time  something cheap, very cihefp: in faiat  thoy   would   almost   take   what l!i?y  want for nothing.   Cheap and good Is  ono of their favorite expression when  thoy ��t:ind before a counter in a store.  Willi you Just thliiik for a moment what  thtiit  expression  of  yours,   cheap  nn.l  good, mean*?   lt means that you want  some honest, brave worker to put nil  Wis Intelligence und  skill    Into something you want, nmd you want hlni to  be.'.gar hlm-elf, his wife and his family  In order that you may htu-c It cheap.  Good honest work cen never be cheap.  A good    workiiiain    cannot    do ohetuo  work.   Ewry man should get ��i living,  a good living, out of his work.   Whatever a man produces lt means that he  should get enough from that  work ns  will enable hlni to keep his wife, family  u.iul  himself    as  respectable    citizens  should be kept.   You want tHi.it living  for yourself.    You must have tt, nud  your demand for something cheap nn.i  good means that you ore not willing  to glvo .to othora what you both need  iinU wa.nt for yourself.   You .want his  work, into which he has pu't the best,  of Ills life fornexil to nothing, and that  means beggary for him and Ills.   You  stand in a store.   You want something.  A Tug-of-Wnr Commence*.  You will cut down the price. You tell  the merchant that unless he cuts the  pillce you won't buy. Of course competition means ithe utirestrained operation  of individual se.f-lnt��rest, and that applies ito the buyer as well as the seller.  Every .honest merchant, and there a_re  quite a few of (them, wants an honsst  piioe for honest goods. He has paid  so much for tliem, he has large claims  upon him���.rent, hankls, house, family,  taxes, etc. You Iteep cutting, cutting,  cutting, down, down, down. Its a. hard  battle but ithe .more leludtant he Js, the  mono persistent you become. At last  Jie surrenders. You get the goods. You  win. You got _t home. You open U  up, and you tell at home, at the tea-  party, how you did Mm; how you triumphed, and what a cheaip bargain you  got. You are happy, lt was a glorious  victory. Remember, however, that  suoh Mlatorles .produce heartaches,  headaches, sorrow und distress. These  victories aire often in- plain language  robberies. If you could follow that  m!an linito his home, or Into his office  alter a day of such victories, and as  with careworn looks he gazes upon  what he has to p'ay, you would realize  that your victory was a. mean one, that  your glory was your shamie, and that  you had just robbeU a man, his business and li!l__ family.  A  NEED HEAT |  Before long now. The best heaters made ��  ���the cheapest to buy and the most ecb- ���  nomical to use are the &  t '* FAM��U& "   AIR-TIGHTS AND  BASE   BURNERS,  made by the McClary Mfg. Co.  $ Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. |  *P SOLE AGENT X  McLennan,  McPecly <fr Co*  ���WH0I_I3SAL*B AND  RETAIIi DEALERS  IN  Sliclf and Heavy   IM-a-,^,..,^,,.^  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.'  (To ibo continued.)  Is with us, nnd the saow-enppeil mountalas o'or the Inlet tell oi colder-days to  gjcoaie. 'Tis Underclothing vvoiitlier ot�� cortnlnty. jVnd are you fixedfor it? If so  j, linppy man, comfortable man. 'Tis tlio other follows vve want lo sec. Wo claim  �� our stock of Underwear Is ono ot tlio largest anil tlio best selected lu British Col-  !j uinbln. Take but u look mid you'll wiiut to get better acquainted with u suit or two.  TIES-Another new shipment just In-Bows, Flowing tnds, l*our-in-Hands.  They're a bit more stylish thnn you've been accustomed to scciiiB hero In tho west.  JOHNSTON, KfERFOOT 6, CO.  . 104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk.Store I2g Hastings St., 0|j|.. Wm. Ralph's.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets, ���-   Vancouver, B. C.  D^3 Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Cityars and Smoking Sundries.  This lino'is a wonder, G. W.   Leather  lined, latest styles, light or heavy sole.  For stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money bade. 5ftc box.  McDowell. Atkins, Watson  Co.  iXX^��X> ay a> *>*>��> ����������������>  MILLS, .1 �� Contova, Sfr  So far there has been no cutting * *  of prices worthy of mention. ' *  Our everyday prices are always * [  cut to equal .the lowest in the city.  The quality of our goods is al-' i >  ways at top notch,  j (>  We sell nothing without a guar- < >  an tec. < ���  Order your Turkey or Goose now i t  for that dinner. * *  ! FORD'S   GROCERY,!  Tel. 728.   25 Hastings St. t.   J J  Hemoval  slaves of-men, womieta and children In  order to glut the market ivv-Jjtihi cheap  poods. The same condition of t'hings  prevail in London. The speaker whom  I quote says: I Pleiad for the downtrodden women of South London. *What  ore they .paid.? Not one penny am  hour, and UvUngr .in cellars. I saw one  tlie other day. Sire makes sqiulbs. In  (lf.teen hours she can make iby [hand  Uen ffrosa, ohd is .paid nilncipenee. She  liaa to i>uy so much for a girl, so muoh  for puste, bo 'that sflie will ,not earn  Klxly-flve cents pe.r week, ami ihas to  tiu'ppont lxith 'herself and a husband  wiho Is un invaUlU. The rents of these  poor ipeoplc are exorbitant Out of a  Hhlllliiff olglht pence goes for rent n.id  four pence for .bread. Thus these facto,  our Wth and Win aire crushed by an  uiifeullne public, who allow such  A Alan Dishonoring* System  to .remain. I cannot dwell longer on  tihia Iharrlmo pilcfcure, 'but it 'is a faot,  a (humiliating fotat, thait cheap goods  are being mtamufladtured, amd while  they are being inanutootuireld thousands of human brings arc Uterall/  being starved to ddath.   Let me ad-  A. we will move Into the clcgnnt new store  next to Obens, ��t 109 Hnstli)p,�� street, on or  iibout the 2nd of.Iammry. 1(102, wo ��ill hnvo an  Immense salo of every thlutf ludioclc from now  until we movo.  This Includes Crockery, Glnwvin", Enamel  Iron and Tinware, Stoves, Lkuiiis, lite.  Salo commenced Satunlnv morning, Dec. 7th,  at our presfnl store oppoMto Clly Hall, VV'est-  mln.ter avenue. Watch lurlher mmounoe-  ments In dally papers.  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  CIIOCXKUV AND HOUSE FOItNItilllt-GS,  Opposite City Hall, Westminster Avenue,  Vancouvor, n.jj.  WALK IN LIFE  $AVOY  THEATRE  fl. Simpson General Manager.  J ToH'jisuh'D atagu Manager.    .  Week Commencing  Monday, Next  A Show for the People.  " Quantity and Quality Combined."  For tho noxt 80 days you can got a suit at  your own price at  THE   ACME    ,  To Introduce our new system of talUiiig before our Fall Stock aiilvas.'  2CG*Wfl*i St. .   CL HolUiid, Cutter.  Our clothes are worn and distinguished.'for the  faultless manner in which they are made, growing more-  popular from day to. day with the  Good Dressers of Vancouver  .As.they learn and appreciate . the, fact-that at. last a >;  they can ��� obtain neat, tasty,, perfect, fitting garments,,  which are equal to those made by the., best merchant  tailors at '  A Third to a Half Less  And   with   every   garment   there's   the   maker's:  guarantee of absolute satisfaction: or your maney back~  \]  Fit-Reform Wardrobe  334 HASTINGS STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.  IB  MAIL ORDERS PROMPTLY  ATTENDKD TO.  SELF MEASUREMENT BLANKS AN��-  SAMPLES SENT'ON APPLXATION:' "

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