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The Independent Feb 15, 1902

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Array ���^rt��laUveM*.y'W(U.4  THE ROYAL BANK'  OF  CANADA  . . SAVINGS   BANK . .  ���    A General Banking (Business  Transacted.  OFFICES-iHnstlngs   Street,   W.,  Westminster Avenue, Vancoux'er.  B. C. POTAMf LOAN AKD  SAVINGS CO.  Authorized Cnpitnl   " pita  510,000.009  Bubscri lied Capital   -   ���    1,000,000'  As_et_ ovc-r    ....      ISOO.OOO'  Heart Ottie 321 Cambie Street, \*an--  cnuver, B. C.  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, I*. C, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1902.  NO 21  THE CMC SOLOKS.  Thero xvns a full council board on  Monday night, xvlth Ald.-elect Skene  the audience.  Max. N. Tregent, secretary-treasurer  of the Vancouver Property Owners' Association, wrote, asking thut xvere nny  amendments made to tlie city Chanter,  tbat one be included dealing with pro-  fused publlo work, to the effect that  when any public xx-ork of a character  likely to influence the values of 'clty  Vroperty xvas to be .done, to have levels completed for all such work in the  ��lty and plans placed on file.  '��� His Worship.���It has been, decided  mat to have the charter amended this  grear. The letter xvlll be filed for re-  Terence. ,  , .  City Solicitor Hamersley xvrote, calling the attention of the council lo a letter he xvrote regarding False Creek  tlate.ion November 16, 1901. , As both  Ihe dominion and provincial parliaments  meet shortly, he suggested that steps  he taken to ensure the passing of acts,  fcy virtue ot xvhich the city xvould ib-  tahu the right and poxver to deal with  *he owners of any lands fronting on the  Slats; also other powers necessary for  the city to have. Referred to finance  ���cocmmlrtco.     .3  When the report of the finance committee xvas read, Aid. Foreman xvanted  to know xvhat the city xvould do with  CO maps, for which $175 as suggested to  lie paid.  ���Aid. 'McQueen.���The city engineer In-  ���Corms me that his department uses ten  a year.     It's an up-to-date map.  exempting the city of all responsibility  in0 tl.e cuse of accidents. '  On motion, the Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons xvere asked to lay the  cocrner stone of the Carnegie library.  Adjournment.  LIBERAL CONVENTION.  Aid. Wood dlsagieed xvlth Uie "cold  lilooded xvay" In which the railway  ���committee notified the Vancouver &  Tukon railxx'ay company that the council could not grant the concessions asked for on false Creek. ' The aldermen  knew that, but he held that Intimation  should have been extended to-Mr. Hendry that they xvere still prepared to  consider hoxv far they might go In encouraging-the road; ' "    .  Aid. Brown.���What's the use of Hendry coming here at all, as he had stated that he xvould not accept a. lease of  ���Uie flats." It xvas no use of Mr. Hen-  tlry or anybody else trying to get the  flats;  Aid. McGtiigan xvanted to know It the  Journeymen plumbers had suggested a  anan os inspector. His committee xvould  Slke to have one appointed by the 19th.  Wext Monday night xvould be the latest  time to make the appointment.  Aid., McQueen.���The , journeymen  jplumbers were to send in a nomination.  Tbe city clerk was Instructed to notify the plumbers to that effect.  Aid. Bethune wanted to know if the  Electric Railway Company Intended to  extend Its railxvay to Mite cemetery. Mr.  Buntzen had said that he xvas xvilllng  to^extend the line -to the city limits.  Mayor .Neelands replied that last year  Mr. Buntzen applied for the consolidation of the leases; the manager said  that If .the city x\-ould get the privileges  to build Its line from the government  that he would be prepared to extend the  road to the cemetery. ' The matter  might be taken up xvhen the provincial  house met.  Aid. Woods.���Does that mean an  amendment to the charter? '  The Mayor���No. ;  The city solicitor xvns then Instructed to prepare a document asking  that the right of way ibe granted by the  government.  Aid. BetWune said that he would Introduce his proposed by-law next Mon-  (tey night, xvhen a. full board would be  Vrcsent.  Aid. Wood���What hy-Iaw?  Aid. Bethune���lt refcis to salaries of  Aldermen.  Aid. Foreman said that as there xvere  tti applications for the ipositlon of janitor, he xvould move thut they be laid  over for a special meeting.  ' ��� Aid. Bethune did not think thnt a  .special meeting xvas needed.  Aid. McQueen suggested, then that an  * Informal meeting be held on these and  other'matters, n_id*lt went nt that.  In connection xvlth the request of the  Pacific Coast Lumber Company, for  permission to oi-oss the end of Cordero  street by putting In a railway siding  from the terminus of'the"C. P. R., it  was moved hy 'Aid. Foreman that per-  Tlie Liberal convention met in ihis  city lust xx'cck und transacted the following business:  Election of Officers  was proceeded  xvlth and  the full list  as helected stands as follows:  President, G. R. .Maxwell, M. P.;  secretary, J. S. Baxter; treasurer, Wm.  Sloane, Nanalmo; first vice-president,  Stuart Henderson,' Yale-Cariboo; second vice-president, Richard Hall, Victoria; third vice-president, J. C. Brown,  'Westminster; fourth vice-president, S.  6. Taylor, Yale-Carilboo.  District .vice-presidents:  Burrard and Westmdnsteiv-W. J. Mc-  Mllllan, Vancouver;,John Oliver, ill. L.  A., -Delta; and James Stalbles, iM. L.  A., Atlln. ���  Victoria and Vancouver Island���-J.  Jardlne, Victoria; A. Urquhort, Comox;  and J. F. Bledsoe, Alberni.  Yale-Cariboo���H. G. Muller, -Vernon;  Dr. Sinclair, Rossland; A. B. Green,  Golden; -A. B. Dockstcader, Sandon.  The constitution of the Provincial  association was italken in hand and a  new one formulated. .  The Platform  ���xx-as then discussed and adopted as fol-  lox\-s:  1. Immediate l-ed'Isti-Ibullion of seats  ln the .province according to population, with a smaller unit of population  for outside   districts.      " ^  2. Government ownership of public  services and utilities.  3. Aid to railways should be cash, not  land. Provincial Interests to be fully  safeguarded in granting such aid.  4. Immediate, construction of t'he  Coast-cKootenay railxvay; Cariboo railxvay, extension of the Island railway;  construction of a railway from Albe.-ni  to a ipomt'. on \the ,.cngtj coast of the  island, nnd a railxvay In' tlhe, northern  "part of the- province from the coast  to the eastern boundary, and a railway  from Vernon to Midway by the weit  fork of Kettle river.  6. Enforcement of the act compelling  scaling of logs by government scalers.  6. That legislation be enacted enabling land under the dyking system to  >be available for cultivation as soon as  possible.  7. That 'tlhe government eftall keep In  touch .with the miming Industry, preventing comiblnes as far as possible,  and if necessary build, smelters, and  that the mining laws be not radically  changed xvithout proper  notice.  8. That necessary steps should be  taken to discourage Oriental Immigration and employment.  9. That an earnest effort be made to  prevent strtkes and lookout*.. Compulsory aribltartlon ls approved of.  10. The fiscal system of the province  stands in need of revision. No addition should 'be made to debt, excei.t republic xvorks iproperly charged to capital.  11. Retaining ithe resources of the  province for the .people, and putting an  end to speculations ln same.  12. Construction and maintenance of  roads throughout the province to old  miners and farmers.  ���     '""The I_eadersh.p'Questlori     "  was then taken up and, a total vote  of 89 -was recorded, and of these Mr.  Joseph Martin, M. P. P., received 47,  the remaining 42 'being divided between  Mdrmes,   17;    iBrown,  8;  amd others.  *>*  Mt.  Martin's election   as leader was  made unanimous. Speeches were mods,  cheers given tor everybody nnd everything and 'tlie'meeting came to nn end  about 11 p. in. Tlie next convention  will be held at .Revelstoke.  A resolution was carried endorsing  Mr. Maxwell, iM. P., for a seat In the  cabinet at Ottawa.  FM SOUTH AFRICA.  SOCIALIST PARTY.  Last Sunday evening at the regular  meeting of the 'British Columbia Socialist .party, held In ithelr rooms, 130  P< well stieet, Mr. John .Dodd read and  dismissed the newly adopted platform  of the party. Mr. J. N. Boult strongly  Objected to 'the advocacy of any reform, measures Iby the socialist party,  ���while the'lecturer's pool tlon waa supported hy Comrade Millard and E. 3.  Burns.,' Next Sunday evening a local  comrade  will deliver a xrery Initerest-  ,mission,as asked be granted, and that, ing lecture entitled, "The Poets of the  the city solicitor draw up nn agreement   Revolutionary Movement"  Editor Independent:   It Is quite safe  to say that the   South   African xvar,  which  wus declared   finished    a, fexv  months ago, xvlll remain unfinished for  a considerable time.   Notwithstanding  the large number of casualties In Che  Boor ranks (ruid they have not suffered  Uie greatest loss) since last July, their  force ls as strong now as lt xvas then;  as strong  In  numbers  though surely  not in virtue.   At that time ithe majority xvere Boer burghers,  fighting for  what they considered a just cause, and  most of the rank and file did believe lt  just.   They had spent their Uvea tilling  the ground and caring for their herds  of cattle, sheep anad goats, and had  talken no interest In the British commercial Invasion of their country or in  national politics.' They   "believed implicitly what their leaders told tliem,  namely,   that   the   British   xvere   endeavoring   to oust   tliem from   their  dearly loved   homesteads, that   they  must resist,    and 'that   being   In the  right they xx-ere hy the help of God  going forth to conquer and expel the  invaders.    None  doubted    that    th->y  xvould be victorious, none except theli-  leaders xvho, halving gone thus far, and  from love of fighting,  from personal  am/bition to ibe   considered   great, or  fiom revenge ' for   .past   defeats,  but  without a shadoxv of belief in their ultimate success, deliberately lied to, their  simple trustful followers and led them  on to kill and .be killed.   Their ran'ks  were  becoming ithlnnod    and recruits  must be Obtained,  but   from xvhere?  Cape Colony xvas scoured from ocexn  to oceim for its disloyal and dlsnffected  Dutch residents with considerable success.   They came xvithout hope of victory,   without  thought  of gain;   thay  xvere to assist their loaders in getting  revenge.    But a much more undesir-  ' alble element xvas added  to the number; this consisted of the rag-tag and  bob-tail of Johannesburg, Cape Town,  Pretoria      and   Durban.     Scoundrels  xx-hose proper place was   the   penitentiary joined their commandoes.- Boys,  xvho had become steeped'In evdi-y grade  ol ivlce,   who xvere habitual  drunken  brawlers or street corner loafers, and  mamy of xvhom, be it said with shame,  xx'ere of. British   parentage,  xvere induced, 'by promises of free license  to  loot and steal  and  even  murder,   to  throw In  tlieir lots  with    the Dutch.'  Foreigners xvho had drifted from ove.-y  shore to ithe sea-port tow.ns of South  Africa xvere eagerly sought after and  their   services seemed, until   at   ithe  present time the Boer army has become nothing imore nor less than disorganized, almost semi-barbarous in nature,  which, were it not tihat a few  alble leaders remain at the head, xvould  break up  Into savage  bands  of  ruffians xvho would think nothing of mur-  'der for the sake of gain, and xvho from  their mountain fastnesses  xx-ould terrorize the entire country.   The Iburled  ammunition of tlie Boer   army must  have long since' been - exhausted,  yet  they are noxv xvell    supplied.    A few  months ago the British commander-in-  chief reported that tliey xvere xvithout  guns,  now  they have several���flftean  pounders, pom-poms and maxims.   As  they  haive succeeded   in   taking very  little  by-'force  of tote,   the  question  arises,  how do they  acquire  all  this  armament?   That Is a question for the  British government to make itself com-  petenit to ansxver.   When.their source  dlors. Hut will ithese men be content  to remain In u strange country, muoh  of xvhich is still In a seml-pavuge condition, and run risks ot feveis and  other dangers for tlie miserable pittance of flx-e shillings per day? I  think not. Canadian members of the  force will be among ithe llrst to raise  abjections and the others xvlll surely  follow. It ls with much pleasure that  the troops are learning that Col. Steele,  the only Canadian commander of dl-  x-Jslon In ithe S. A. C, is malking an  effort to have the pay increased to ten  shillings per day; ex-en that will ibe little enough to live on In a counti y  xvhere every necessity of life is very  expensive. Such a force as the S. A.  C. must be maintained In the South  African colonies for years, and for the  country's good it is sincerely to be  hoped that the government will not,  from any mistaken idea of economy,  cause It to become Inefficient by refusing to pay its members a living wage.  The weather at this place is very hot.  W. S. KEITH.  iSohurpoort, Transvaal, December 20,  1901. '   -  of supply is closed, their resistance will  be ended and the xvar xvill be over; but  ln what condition xvill the country be  left?    Their  leaders  will have  given  up  the iflght, but the outlaws before  <_  referred  to will remain    under arms;  they dare not return'to their old resorts in the cities, they have no menus  to leave Ihe country, and even if they  had they xvould run desperate risks of  "being murdered by the blacks or of  capture iby the British, and to be  caught would be to swing. They liave  only one alternative, namely, to remain  outlaws, and for 'Ihem to exist xvlll he  for others to suffer. They will become  the Jesse Jnmes gangs of South Africa,  their aim being to terrorize, pillage nnd  murder. To protect the counti y from  these hands of rulllnns is the mission  of the South African Constabulary  (S. A. C), numbering about 13.000. They  will Ibe scattered aver the country from  Cape Colony in the south to Rhodesia  tn the north and ���from the eastern  'boundary of Bechuanaland to the western' boundary of Natal. The men composing this corps hall from the British  Isles and Canndti, and as a corps are  mentally nnd iphyslcally the superiors  of the average class > of regular sol-  1 .    "  THE LAIBOR PARTY.  The Trades and Labor Council of  London has decided to form a laibor  party "to study economic subjects affecting the welfare of labor and to  promulgate information .regarding th��  same; to secure for tlie useful producer  tihe wealth resulting from the application of laibor to natural resources,  and as a Chief means to that end to  elect representatives from our own  ranks on the governing 'bodies of the  country.;' The pledge to .xvhich ail  members of the party musttsubsorlbe  befoie being admitted to the rights of  meni'bei'Mhip declares that the applicant  for membership foreswears allegiance  to 'the existing political parties, and  will as long as he lemalns a memiber,  support toy his influence and vote any  nominees selected by the "party to contest any elective office.���Toronto Globe.  The Lalbor party of Winnipeg meets  now iln ithelr new hall, over Crotty's  office, corner Main a*nd Market streets.  The hall is provided xvlth an excellent  piano, so that the proceedings can be  enlix"ened with the pleasure of good  miuslc, and all other accessaries for  spending a 'pleasant evening have ibeen  loake dafter. The Voice says that the  meetings xMlll be held xveokly for the  balance of the winter, and considerable  n-.ciease of membership Is anticipated.  In season'and out of season the party-  has consistently championed the cause  of itradeunlonlsiii, as xvell as labor generally, and lt would do so much more  effectually in the future if its numerical, strength xvas greater. Social justice is its motto, and, Its abject is to  obtain for the worker the wealth he  produces through just legislation. All  xvho are of opinion that some Improvement on present conditions is possible  and deslraible should join and contribute of their .counsel. Vancouver  Should follow suit.  A memiber of the executive commit-  .tee of ithe socialist party In this city  xvriting to the Lardeau Eagle, says: "I  x\-as approached iby a number of local  Independent Labor party men xvho  wlslh to reorganize thler party In Vancouver. They xvere going to hold an  open meeting, and would welcome all  socialists, if socialists xvould not try  to run evcyrbhing their xvay. I replied  that the fault xvlth all their Independent-Labor parties in the pa__t had been  that they never were independent, but  alxvaya the tall of the Liberal party,  I said, however, that If they held a  meeting xve would attend and see what  they xvere going to do, but unless they  hod advanced far enough to make the  ���abolition of wage system their ultimate  aim they could expect nothing .but opposition from us."  �� OF THE LAM WORLD  ��� CANADIAN.  A trades and lalbor council was formed at Kamloops last night. Good xvot-lc  for St. Valentine's day.  In ten years tho export surplus of  Manitoba wheat has Increased from 11,-  600,000 to 60,000,000 bushels.  Ferule minors who xx'ant to .use hop  iheer and can't aro said to be ciulte  bitter about lt, says an exohange.  The electrical xvorkers of Victoila,  comprising Inside wlremen, linemen,  dynamo tenders and trimmers, have  formed a union.  The C. P. R. Intends to apply to parliament to liax'e the national park In  the Rodklcs extended so as ito take ;n  Field anji the famous Yoho valley.  The Varntehers and Polishers' .union,  No. 63, of Toronto, (recently gave an  "at home," at xx'hiah over 600 people  atended." W, iKeough acted as chairman.  In a case recently brought against  the C. P. K. in Toronto the jury found  the company guilty ot (negligence and  awarded the plaintiff $3,500 damages  because the conductor did not espel  a disorderly ipassenger .xvho committed  an assault upon him.  'The Trades and Lalbor council of Toronto xvill co-openate with that city in  its efforts to secure electric energy.  Tho city clerk: has asked Hie council  to talke up bhe matter and to appoint  a committee to assist * Aid. .Spence's  committee in its application for government support.  The brewery xvorkers of Victoria reorganized Monday ex-ening, the election of temporary ofllcers resulting as  follows: President, Peter Wolfe; seoie~  tory, G. Hood; delegates to trades and  labor council, J. Samson and G. Hoo-l.  A committee xvas aippolnted to draft a  constitution and by-laws. There xvas  a large attendance at the meeting.  hopelessly handicapped by the system,  of land-ownership, taxes and extreme  poverty. One-third the -world's slllc  comes from Italy. In three years exports of xvoven silk huve risen from  $M,VIOO,CO0 ta 5100,000,000. Cotton-woav-  lng, nonexistent thirty years ago, now  employs 30,000 men and .produces annually $60,000,000."  Julei Vorno, xxiiter of eighty f.ilbu-  lously successful novels, famous In  eemry country of the globe, possessed  of money and friendship to an extent  ���seldom falling to the lot of man, ia  lying at Amiens, in France, and  his son lis in England begging his- former friends to contribute enough to  nialke tihe blind and penniless man dio  decently.  The Federation of Danish trades  unions has published a report on the  development of trade 'unionism ln tliac  country in the peniod 1S71-1900, from  wihlch it appea-i-s that, xvhile prior to  1S71 only one trade union, xvlth a. membership in that'year of 314, eslsted 1H  Denmark, the number of the Danish  trade unions at the end of 1899 xvas  1,193, and .theli- aggregate membership  90,293 (82,033 male, 7,243 female).  At the .finance committee meeting  last Friday, on motion of Aid. Brown  a resolution was adopted thiol smoking  hereafter shall not ibe tolerated during  the session of that worthy body. Those  present xveic 'Alii. Woods, McQueen,  Bethune, Urown, McCiiilgnn and His  Worship Mayor iNeelnnds. It Is said  ithat an agitation will 'be started forthwith to .i-cnumc nil c-uspldoi-es from the  hall.  Dr. Bryce, the roglsliar-general for  Ontario, is preparing a roport on marriage statistics. Mo hns discovered ithe  iremaitkable fact that manlagos hy  young men are fully 30 per cent, less  frequent than they wei e 39 years ago.  The Intercolonial .railway Is publicly  owned, and 'the minister of rallxvays  Intends to frame a law to pension Its  employees.  FOREIGN. ,  A.halfpenny daily labor paper^has  been staited ait Wellington, New Zealand.  ....  Herr Krupp, Germany, gunmaker for  the world, has are annual income of  live liiillion dollais.  . There are forty-six lalbor colonies in  Germany, at xvhich the unemployed  are proxrided xvit'h -work.  Parisian dames have talken to xvear-  ing painted stockings. Hitherto any  spare 'coloring they did. xvas placed on  ���their faces.���Ex.  Denmark is the greatest trade union  country in the xvorld. To-day they  command .the banks and control the  majority of tihe daily .newspapers.  Britain's trade in her colonies is de.  ci easing. A decrease of S20,000,0M> i.i  repoi'ted xvith Nexv Soutl^ Wale&; o_  $13,000,000 xvlth Victoria, and *10,l��l),-  000 with South Australia.  The Labor World, published in Tokilo,  Japan, twice a month during the .past  four years, has been converted into a  daily. It is a strong advocate of Hie  reform movement In Ja'pan.  Under Belgian laxv unmarried men  over 25 have one vote, married men  and widowers with families have tx\o  votes, and priests and other persons  of position and education hax-e tlic.e  votes.  A Japanese statesman, being asked  to-explaln_xVhy_Jaipnn,_with_pi-actica_lly_  the same poor laws as Great Britain,  has only 24,000 paupers, while Great  Britain has 10O,OCO, replied: "The Japanese drinte tea; Uie BrLtish drink al.  cohol." a  The Germam finance minister .has announced that the states of the empire  are no longer alble to pay their federal  assessments. Exploitation iby corporate  bodies and taxation to maintain a huge  standing army have brought the empire ln time of peace into a 'perilous  condition.  German ships are badly undermanned, and In consequence accidents arc-  on the Increase. In 1S90 thero weie  1,509 accidents, of xvhich 397 were fatal; 4-\r>46 men were Injured that year,  and 33 committed suicide or disappeared. In 1900 the figures ure 33.236 men  Insured, 2,971 Injured (of xvhom 67ii  died),  whilst 47 committed suicide.  In the current number of Sorlbner's  ex-Assistant Secretary of the Treasury  Vanderllp, speaking of his obsemulons  wlille recently a'broad, notes that "Industrial newness strikes one most  sharply ln Italy. Promising Industrial  dox-elopments aire going on there, especially In the north; hut the south Is  AMERICAN.  The fruit .packers of Fresno, Cal., are  reported very 1>usy.  Seattle printers contributed $600 to  the san Francisco strike.  The Carpenters' -union of Portland  has quietly nished its membership up  to SOO.  The xvorkingmen of Alexandria. Ind.,  will r-ut a full union ticket ln the field  this spring.  Sacramento ihas already selected Ita  committee to make arrangements foe  La'bor day, 1902.  Tiie "Modern Order of Bees" is said  to ibe the latest ��.ab orginazation. it  is operating in Ohio and Illinois.  Indiana has a state federation oE labor strong enough .to halve its president out on the road buildlng'it up.  The U. S. census'shows that in Oregon ithe  individual  xvage earning has '  fallen from ?370 iri 1S90 to 41S3 in 1900.    >  A hundred laborers xveie'put to work  this xveak on the construction of tlie  electric road from Los Angeles to Long  Beach.  The Indianapolis 'union got'out a  handsomely illustrated edition In honor  of the Mine Workers' conx-ention held-  there recently. '  The Fishermen's union of Saginaxv,  Mich., gave a supper last xveek aad  serx-ed ifirh fried, Iboiled, baked, .broiled,  stuffed, garnished and plain.   '.  Rev.   Father   Yorko,   xvho   did' such'  good work for the San Francisco strik- \  crs,  is leatu'iing on  "Labor from the  Christian Standpoint" In that city.1  Carpenters' mnion, No. 334, of Saginaw, iMioh., have decided to ha\-e a  library of tlielr own and have appointed a committee to select the books.  Portland has a hot fight on with  Watson's restaurant, and In spite of  legal restrictions is making it very  Interesting for the,enemy of unionism.  The Cigarmakers' union 'of Des  Moines, la., advertised its 'blue label  by ihaxing it printed in its famous  "pale blue" in the Iowa Unionist. This  is genuine enterprise.  The 13th annual convention of the  United -Mine XVorkers or America beats  the record. One .thousand delegates  were present. Over M.OOA members  weTe^TepreaMte'd. Bon"~TilIet' and~  "Brother" Jones addressed the conx-ention. 1  The. most unique strike to date Is  that of the students of the Colorado  school of mines. They demand a new  principal and nobody xvlll resume studies until Uie demand is compiled with. '  The whole school will go to Michigan  or California' unless the obnoxious  principal  is  dismissed.  NEW UNIONS.  Organizer J. H. Watson reports that  the following unions have been organized during ianuai-;* nnd February:  The Cowichnn Indians h-vve organized  a fishermen's union, mnklng bIx unions  of that industry In British Columbia  all told. Federal labor union, No. 23,  comprised of laborers, taking Its charter from Dominion Trades Congress;  the Laundry Workers of Vancouver,  talking a charter from Dominion Trades  Congress.  UM1ASS MEETING OF T'lE LABOR  PARTY TUESDAY NtGTT, UNION"  iHALL.    ALL WELCOME  Extra choice Haddlss .-.'.> 10 cents  per tin at the City Gin-  . '   I  ��� *tisl  , *i,r  - -'<H  ���M S^aaiMUSwiwMiH  M.-  m  ii  i  i  ux  THE  WISE SOLDI EH.  FIGHTS HIS BATTLE BEFORE  HE   BEGINS TO COUKT ON VICTORY.  .,  Iill  Su  I    uf   .Vit,i'^ii:ii  IO  (111,  ���  tl  I     XV'iii'.i  11  ,;ll  .hi; .Ui'ii  Am  I.-  l.i-cl  illy  1   l-.HI. -  !1.  ll IV  ll    .Slim  il.l    I  -.���  (IV.  -1.,,  m..-I'll, ii  XI  I'i  ill  .11  ( M.lll-   VI  (lit Arm,  i-lnrj-  Ill)  <l tl  11.  '.listlil    i'i  1  "ii"i'.  row,  llu- vrll  ,.t ihoDi.;,'  .i.\."  [>l . : ���  ,. ct J  r,'  .1. .1.  mnn  .11 11  urc,  ���nlol'C  "���  illy, of Tu-  Otu'.wa.  for  t, the  hur-  l'oi-  Washington, Dec. '2'J.��� Vi'hilt: this  (liscniii-MC ot Ur. 'ra!i'ui_;c rehuKcs  urriyuncc it i.'iiit>iii-iij;i.-ii liiiiiuiiiil.v  tuiil shows how tli.' owning of liiu  nuiy, bo .brighU'iieil.. Tim ii'.xt is I.  KiiijCN _;>.���., ll, "I'.ct l.ini tlml gii'dclli  nu his I'.iu-ii'iiss hoast hiuiMcK as ho  that'luillclh it oli'."  llnriicss is  tl.o oii.'.a'cli:'v.-iii'd  ni'iiio:'.    it uieiiiiK iiarni'ss     fui*  mnn, not .luirnci-sR.f the liinist:  ness lor iho hut.llu, nut Inirnwin  the plow.     'The ancient  ni-ninr  staled (if lielinot for the ht'iiil, brousl-I  plate    anil.,, shield  " for      the 'heart,  groiivus.io'r the fret.    The tu.\l''iunl;c>s  i.  ('(liiijia'i'i^on  Ivtwc'cn, a mnn cnlisl-  iiu; tor sonic war uml a veteran    re-  uini'n;.;.  lim nuu .putting on Iho    armor mid tiie other pulling it. off.  lienhiiiiiiii, the .king of Syria,  thought lie could easily overcome the  kiliS of. Israel. .'Indeed, the Syrian  ���������xvns no'sure of the X'ictor.v that he  si-real! tin antebellum 'bnmiiict. With  thirty-two kings ho was celebrating  xvhat I .hey wore 'goinji' to'do. There  were in all thii'ti'-ilirec* kings at the  carousal, and their condition is described in the Bible, nol. as convivial  or stimulated exaltation, but drunk.  'Their"gilded unci bannered pavilions  xvoi'c surrouncicil by high ��� mottled  horses, neighing and chniiipiug nnd  hitched to chariots, such as kings  roilo in. Bcnh'ndo.d soiirls oilieers over  to the king of Israel ilciiiandiiiK the  surrender of tho city, sayin;  shall; deliver ine thy  gold anil thy. wives  t'cn," and aftcrxvard  ci.ts,  saying  XV1  III!  niul  the-  snges had he sent to the king of Israel, both messages full of insolence  and braggadocio. Wilh brimming  beaker in hand he is talking wilh the  royal group about what he will do  xvith the spoils of the victory he is  going' to achieve thnt afternoon, lie  takes it for granted that Samaria  xvill surrender. He gives command  for tlie capture of some of the inhabitants of Samaria xvho arc approaching, saying, "Whether they be comu  out for peace take tliem alive, or  xvhothcr they he conic out for win  take iheni alive." _5ut behold the  fugitive king in fright .-uud retreat bC'  fore    sundown! lienor  not      lull  boiistingly what you arc going tn do.  Wait until  il is done.     You  iio  woll  lo lay out your plans, lull there- are  so liuinj'     mistakes ami disappointments in life that you may    not  utile to curry out your plans,  thero    is    no need of invoking  world's derision nnd caricutiire.  Do not boast of your moral  strength. One of Uie most brilliant  men of the nineteenth century, hav-  ing temporarily reformed' from in-  ebiincy, stood on the platform of  Broadway Inberniiclc, Noxv York;  and said, "Were Ihis great \ globe  ono crystallite and 1 were ..offered  the possession of.it if I xvould'drink  one glass of brandy I xvould refuse  with scorn, and I want no religion  to help mo." But that siune man  died at I'oughkecpsic a drunken pauper. '"Better underrate than overrate ourselves.  Notice also that my text takes  it for granted that you must put  on the harness, else how can you  take it off?' Life is a bailie��� a  thirty years', a forty years', or 7 a  sixty years' war. Helmet you must  have, for the b'attleuxes of skepticism cuid - agnosticism are aimed  i\t your head. Ex-cry possible effort  will bo made to make you think  wrong. The young man who gets  his head tilled witli young notions  about God, about Christ, about  the soul, about, tho great beyond,  already   captured.      Put  on  the  tho  'Thou  silvei- and thy  dnil thy child-  sends other ofTi-  the palace of the king  bo searched and everything Bon-  luuliul xviinls he .will lake xvithout  askiiig.'> Then tlio king of Israel called ii council of war, anil word is sent  .back to Benhailnil Unit his nnrcason-  o.blo'demand.xvill be resisted.      .Then  on  us he that  and  host  very  hnd  .   in-  of  .lo-  to-  Von  his  Bonhailad*sends another message    lo  llie king of Israel,  a message full  of  .arrogance    and  bravado,  practically  saying:   "We will  destroy you  ultiT-  ��� ly. <1 xvill grind Samaria    into   the  dust,7 but   .there xvill not bo     dust  enough to make a: handful for    each  of my .  troops."  Then  the king-    of  Israel   replied   to   Bcnhnelad,    pructi-  ���cally saying:  "Let. me.see you     do  xvhat you say.   . You royal braggart,  : you .;��� might .���'.-   better have postponed  .yourbanquet until after the battle,,  instead'-'of spreading.it before ���   the  battle. .'You huzza too, soon.      'Let  not him that girdcth on his harness  :  boast himself lis Tie that putteth    it  ,, on'.'."  7. " "i'i'lXy "���':.;.:[  l-X.y  .An   .avalanche   'of   'courage     and  ���'... righteousness,, the; Isi-ii.elit.ish ... army  cume ,  down x. on * Ueiilmdad and; his  host/    It was a Inincl  to liiind tight,  .cadi Israelite hewing; clovvn a Syrian.  Benlindad,   on  horseback,  gets  axvay  .with some of >,th�� cavalry, ..   but    is  only saved  foi-  n'-'xvorsc"'defeat,'      in  which 100,000 .Syrian jiifantry   were  shitigliloi'od. in one day....Now. we see  Ilia  savcasiii    and  the  epigrammatic  power of the message" of my      text  scut by the king of,.Israel to Bcnhii-  clail, "Let liot him thai'girdcth  his harness lionst himself  ;'���'��� puttolh!it or*.'..' ���"������.y'.i ������'-;���'���:'���*.     v: ;     , .  All  up nml doxyiii'history xve     see  such' too early "boasting. Soult.,, "the  iiiari.-h.il ;,of ...���'ranee,   xvns  so     certain  thiit. ho xvoiildfcbniiuor .that, ho ���  had  a  pi'oclninntion 'printed; announcing  , TiiuiEflf"king of, f ortugal. aiid had    u  griinil' fpiist prepared, for 4      o'clock,  ������'.'thiit'..-afternoon, but. before lhat hour  ;'hO;ilc'd in ; ignominious defeat,  ������ .yv'ciii.iiijToii  of, tho  conquering  '::.:. sal:do\Y>V at 4 o'clock nt the  ...'baiifiiiet' the lna'rsliul of V''raiicc  ���'. :6i-dei-cd, for hiinsulf.-   Glnu'lcs V.  ..,',- vc.dcd'.: France ;and. xvas; so, sure  ,;;". coniiiicst; tluil, lie : requested [ Paul  ."���'; Viiis, ' the historian,  to gatlicr  ':'������  gcthcr. a large amount'of! paper  ':��� xvhich    "to    ���write the story of  ' Many. x-ictories, luit disease and faiii-  7 iuo scixptl upoif his troopers.;aiid ho  ,:'; ;retreated in dismay..;- So Benhadad's  behavior has been1 copied in all uges  : oi'.ihu-xyorldi    It will be my object,  airiong,; other , lessons, to shoxv    that  ho who puts off tlie armor,   ' having  ;. linislied the battle,  is more.: lo     be  ...... congratulated than ho xvho begins.  7, First,  I. find encouragement, in this  =;:^subjectrifdi-ithc=iigcd=\x'ho=hiLVe=i=goj._  *   through the work and struggle :  of  ������'���earthly life:'Aly-'venerable friends; ���  if  ���,���!���.��� yoii had utlxx-enty-fivc years of age  . full  iippreciatipn of What you Would  have     to go through in the thirties  ; iUkI the forties and the fifties bf your  ���lifetime you xvould have been a|i|)ivll-  ed.     .Fortunately the licrciix'ohicnis,  , tho    temptations,     the persecutions,  the hardships,  xx'cri! cui'l.ained    froiir  your sight.    Willi more or less forii-  "tudo you passed through the    crises  of pain and sadness and;disappointment    and fatigue and still iix-e    to  recount the divine help that 'sustain-'  ,    eilyou.    At. twenty. ,oi\ thirty   years  of your age at  the tup of the druiii  you put on tho hurius'is.'     Now,;   nt  sixty or seventy or uighly,    you  peacefully pulling it olT,  not x\-nnt'   to try tho battle of    life  over again.    So many- of 'just   your  ..'temperament and  xvilli  ns good      n  titarting und as fine, a ])iircnUigc und  sci.'inlngly with ns much equipoise of  chnracter ;   as you luid have     ninile  <.'omplcto fihiiiwrcck thai you    would  not    want, again to run tliu     risks  Tlioigh you cun look back and    sec  many mistakes,  the next  lime    you  might., make xvorsc mistakes. Instead  of being depressed over the fuel Unit  you aro being counted out or omitted  in    the    great  '.undertakings of tlie  chinch     and the woild,  icjoice thnt  you     have a right to hung up yoi".  helmet and sheathe your    sx.vo.-u niio  fiec your hands  fiom', the gauntlets  and your feet from the boots of mail  Again, I learn from Benhadad's behavior the unwisdom of boasting of  what ono is eoinu to do. Txvo   mos-  is    .. ���  helmet, the lali-hct well adjusted under the chin; ,  Think right,'anil, you  xvill act right.     Yes, breastplate for  the heart.     That is the inost  portant part to be defended,  decides what yoii love and xvhat you  hate,  what you  hope for and what  you   despise.      That  decides  earthly  happiness and eternal .destiny. Keep  the heart pure,  and thc.Tife xvill be'  pure,    Hax-e the heart corrupt  your actions  will  lie corrupt,  that,all of us might hax-o  -  heart      covered       with a  credit  think  father  man,  Ml-  That  and  Oh,  noxv  divinely  urc  You would  xvrought hrcaslplnte! Yes;, greaves  for the feet.���. So many, dnngcrous  roads arc wc compelled . tO xvalk.  So many people tread oh sharp  prongs of temptation and go lame  and limping all the rest of their  days.   . li'on mailed shoe for       the  fOOt. ;'. ������'.���.   ...���'     .      '.     '   ''''.''���.'  Young man, sec-that'you. havo    a  conipleto  armor.      All  looks bright  now, .and  it seems as if you  could  march  right,; on' xvithout;Opposition  or",-' attack,, "but be'not     .dcccix'cd.  There are hidden foes ready to   halt  you on youi- xviiy.     The same    cup  that 7-l3ehha.dad .; drank, out  of     just  .before^his defeat- xvill  be olVcrcd to"  effect your defeat. .; His ; intoxicated  brain' sa'.v victory xvhere    there, xvas  nothing   but rout and. ruin.     .What  xvork Benhadad's cup made for Ben-,  hudud's army !���'���'������ ' What    shipxvrccks  on tho:sea,  xx-hat    disasters on the  land," caused' by inflaniing: liquids put  upon the, tongue; to set seething tho  brain!     How many kings of tliought.  and  influence,  xvith. croxviis  brighter;  than   the one ���: Benhadad -xvpre, . have  by strong,;drink been.put into flight  as base lis  that , in "xvhich, l'.eiihadad  rode! : *"Gi\'o them to ine,'.'      says  the demon of inobriacy.   ;��� "Oii-c.them-  to mo; hand them down���the bi'.'ght-,;  est: legislators of the land.  :  I    will  thicken  their  toiiguo;   I. xvill     llbiii  .their cheek; I.xvill stagger their stiip;  I xvill damn  ihcir soul:     'Handthein  down to mc���the physiciaiiout of his  laboratory,  the attorney' from    the  courtroom,  tlie,'minister., .of the gospel front' the _alt,urs of, God.    ���'Hand  them doxvn, to me, the queens i.if-ihc  di-nxvirtg   room,  and I xvill  disgrace  their names and;..blast tl'.e.ir    homes  and throxv them, down -.-farther'   .than'  Jezebel fell* to the, dogs that cruncli-  ed her carcass.":;.X .���������'  XX'e hold our breath in horror 7 ns  once in a xx-hile xve hear of .sonic  one,'either by.accident or suicide going over Niagara falls; biit"tlio.tides,  the depths, tlie awful surges of" intemperance arc ox-cry hour of every  day; rushing ; scores. of 'immortals  down, into unfuthoined abysm.' Suicides by tlie hundreds 'of..thousands.  Suicides' by the million! ��� Bexvarc of  tlie cup out of which Bcnhadiu! drank  personal and national demolition!  Yes, you must hax-e full armor.  --There-ar.fejtcmptqlions to an impure  life all the time multiplying aifd~iu^  tensifying. Head in private nnd  discussed aftcrxvard by the. refined  and elegant in parlors arc books  poisoned from lid to lid xvith impurities. Loose characters in the  novel applauded by rhetorical pens  and proprieties ot life caricatured us  prudo*-y and., infidelity, .of. .behavior'  put in a xvay to excite sympathy  and half approval. 7 My. xvoiideri is  not that so many go astray,-but' my  xvonder'is that ton times as. miiiiy  nre not debauched. Tlicio arc; ihllu-  enccs at, work xvhich, if .-.unarrested,  xvill .turn our cities into SodonisUind  Ooinorrnhs reiidy' for..'tlio' hail and  fire und brimstone of God's'.indignation. .     .., - y '���'  Yes, you must have full armor, for  there are all the temptations . to  gaming practices, cither in*gambling  halls or in the money markets, buying ivheut they never paid for and  selling xvluit they can nexcr dclixcr,  first borroxving xvhat they ��� cannot  return and stealing xvhat thoy cannot borrow.;. All hours of tho day  and all hours'of the night nro vast  sums of money passing fraudulently,  for gambling in all cases is .fraud  xvhother it be a Ixxeulx-fixo cent  prue package oi a crash m Niith  orn Pacific, xvhich made Lombard  stieet and the boui��o aghast and  shook the nations;, xvith financial  earthquake.  Oh,  xes,  you  need  tho lminr*-s   oi  until   God  tells vou   to  l.i'e  a     o*"  In olden tunes it xxas '<Mthin       i  mor   or chain     aimoi     i-i     M'-l'd  armor,   fashioned    in nucii-r.l.   fou'n.  dry, but no one can give you  outfit you need except God, xvho is  master of this world and the infernal xvorld, from xvhich ascend the  mightiest hostilities. Lay hold of  tiod. Nothing hut the arm ol  Omnipotence is strong enough for  llie tempted.  Young man, put on the entire gospel outfit.     If you have como from  the country to  live iu thu city imitate  tlie  example  of  a young  man  xvho arrived in New York on    Saturday night, intending the folloxving  -Monday to enter his place    of   .employment.        On    Sunday  morning,  currying out the good advice before  leaving his country home, he    xvenl  to church.    .Standing, at tlie     door  lie xvns abashed as the beauty    iind  fashion  nud    wealth  swept  through  the doors of the snucliinry,  and he  durcil not go in.     As lie xvns about  turning     to    go away a'gentleman  snid,      "Have    you     a seat, youug  niiin?"       "No, sir."     "Do  you     belong     to     the     city?"      "No  sir."  "Where  is your  homo?"      "In     tho  country."      "How  long'   have    you  been in tlio city?"     "1 came in last  highl."      "What  are you  going  to  do here?"      "1 hope to go into business  to-morrow."      "That is right.  You have begun     xx-ell, young man'.  Never forsake Iho God of your fathers.     Come,  1 xvill give you a seat  in my pew."     Tho next morning tho  young man presented  his letter     in  business     circles.      ' "What do you  want, young man?" suid   tlio  Scotch  merchant.        "1 want to gel  ou     somo leather,  upper and solo  "Have you references?"     "I  1 can gel references.     My  has friends lici'o."     "Young  did 1 nol see you yesterday in   Mi.  Lenox's pew?"      "I do not    knoxv,  sir.     I xvns at church, and a    kind  gentleman     asked me to sil in his  pexv."     "Yes, young man, that xvns  Hobert Lenox.     I will trust       any  one'" that Mr. Lenox invites into his  pexv."''. You   need not truil.lo    yourself  about  references.     When    these  goods        arc    gone    come and gci  more."    That young man bec-aine an  eminent     nierehiiiit and, more than  that, a Christian merchant,'  and   lie  attributed    all " his    success to that  first  day  in  toxvn.     There      liungs  your helmet.     Take it doxvn. There  is  youi-  breastplate.      Adjust     ;.it.  There is all the haruoss   ior safety  and triumph.     Put it on.  Also see in my subject the folly of  underestimating the enemy. That  xvas Benhadad's latal mistake. He  could- whip them before sundown. Ho  wanted less than half a. dny to capture Samaria and make the  of-Israel  capitulate.  V��V*JW.*l*MlVWKi*^^  1 JOHN GRANGER'S I  I OPPORTUNITY     I  j�� Q0'i)& BY XV,  B.  ROSE   *J  C-<s^i)a��'<��J(iMVsii:*<ai3">3t��*a*��,4t'<*'^V:*iait��'ri;l_iO  Duiiwood xvas not a promising Belt! tor  an ambitions young pastor. It xvas an old  toxvn, conservative, dull, .nonprogressive.  It XTtis n ptii-ticuhuiy unpromising; field  for John Granger, pastor of the dullest  uud most conservative congregation hi nil  Dtinxvood. Joliu ti ranger's hands xvere  tied, sn to speak. lie knexv xvluit wus expected of 'him, and.-, he knexv tlint he  mustn't"' overstep, tbe'. linos. Tradition  and precedent governed his board ot trustees. They hnd selected him because a  sufe man hail recommended him, and  John hml clndly accepted tbe offer.  Up Inul been the assistant of nn aged  >   '     > .i.i:....  r.,t,i  was an astonlsher. Tcs, sir. I didn't  think you had it in you. Why, you fairly  Mecti'ified the folks. Vou'x-e cgut. ,'��iu  ���stirred up as they never xvere beforo. nn'  good will come of it. And noxv, M r.  'Granger, I xvant to sny that I'm i>>n;i(\xv-  ��*red by the trustees to contract xvithoi-ou  ���or txvo years at SfSOO n yeur���au' it's the  most xve ever paid ir pastor, xvith one cr  txx-o exceptions."  John shook his head.  You're n little too late, Mr. B'.odgett."  king.  u, ;-.....���.  ���.  But xvhat he  tliought was so easy turned; out to  he  the  impossible.     Belter       over-  unilerestimato  the  he  the, imposs  estimate   ;:  than,  other side.   We xvho are trying to  make tlie. .world what it ought     to  be contend nol xvith hoiiiunculi. ;Wo  wrestle, not xvith. striplings. ,\Vc have  a xvhole army of antagonists; trying  to halt'the King.of God and    overthrow the cause of righteousness. If  xx-e secure the .victory,  it will'be-'a  struggle     as fierce as '.'when Darius  and  Alexander  grappled  each  other  at Arb.ella, as xvhen  xJoa'n of- - Arc  rode triumphant nt Orleans; as^xvlieii  tho. Russians, met the Sxvedcs at .Poltava,.; as xvhen ..Marlborough,;.     commanded-the" allied  armies tit j Blenheim.     Those; xvere lights .for.earthly ;  cro-.vus and. dominions,'' hut.'tho  light, that noxv goes on ...between all  the', allied.-armies j. of. Heax-en arid all  Iho. allied 'druiics'ibf hell is to,:";settle,:xvhether. God ,p'r Salah    is .; ��� to  havc.ipbssession of tliis. planet.'      7;  I coiigratuldlc- all  those  \\'ho.:. are  noxv in the' thickest of'life's battles  ,'iliiit 'the  time  is'coming  xvlfeti " Ihe  struggle will  end  aiid- you .will put  the harness off,  hulihol and greax'es  aiid breastplale having: fulfilled: their  mission. *; Yoii cannot iii: one   visit-  to    London*. Toxx-or7seo all. ::...Yoii  must go. again aiid again to     :.. that.  whicli is nssociated with   the  nd   Anne  pastor xvho hml persisted In holding fast  to nil his privileges, keeping John cure-  fully in the background. And John hnd  come to Dunxvood in the belief thnt hero  he xvould be his oxvu master: thnt here he  could cut loose nnd try his xvinits. Never  xvns n mnn more _nistuk<>n.  "We might ns xvell hnve a clenr under-  stniiilin' ut the start," Deacon- Blodgett  Iiml snid to him ns tliey walked up from  the railway station. "Wc are a quiet  people, anil we think our fathers' ways of  doin' tilings' was just nbout' as nonr rieht  ns they could be. \Ve xvant sti'iiight gos-  nel sermons on the good old texts, and  we xvant ''cm'��� without frills; And xve  xx'iint 'em carefully prepared, too, and  xvrittcn out xvord for word, nnd rend just  ns written. That's xvluit xvo're pnyin'  you seven hundred dollars n year to do,  mid that's xvhat Dr. Skininierhorn . assured us you xx-ould do."  "Anil of couise if I don't'suit," said  Jolin, "ymi will drop me at once?"  "But yiurwil! suit," snid the dencon.  "It would uex-er do for you to .Inix-c us  drop you without ii reference. You'll fall  right into our -ways'.soon enough. My  uncle, lehnbod Bognrdns,* is commonly  reckoned one of the most uplittiu' of nil  the preachers we've ever hml. I've got a  Btaek-of his sermons nt home, vud I'll let  you tnke some of 'cm to look over for  models, it you like."  It xvns a very dull position for n hopeful aud energetic mau of txventy-nino.  Yet John held on. Tertians he felt that  It xx-ns n niornKdiscipliiio thnt lie needed.  No doubt ho renli/.cd tlint it xx-ns wrong  to.tbroxv up'onp position until tie was certain of another. Then, ngiiin,1 it is quite  possible that the bright eyes'of Mary  Dillxx'ortli hail'something to do xvith his  spirit of resignation.  Mnry was n teacher In the toxvn high  school, and John hoarded nt hev mother's  home. Pcrhnps if the hoard of trustees  ��� knexv hoxv much of his time���that time  for which . they paid so lihernlly���wns  spent in JIary Dillxvorth's compnny they  xvould have culled liini to account In short  order. In short, it xvns Mnry xvho finally  reconciled him to his surroundings.  No doubt she soon begiiiito realize this,  and the thought worried her.  "Y'ou mustn't let yourself vegetate  here." she said to him one ox'eiiiug.  "Tliero's something in the ntmosphere  that acts like the fnbleillotus nnd makes  the Dtmxvoodite quite forget tlint there  Is nn outside world., You mustn't breathe  It too long."  "But 1 can't hold 7 my '.'breath' much  nor.ir" iiniil John.   "I feel thnt I'm bo-  o safe thing,) neither. It could happen  thn* the congregation would tnke a tnnr-y  to the substitute and forget all about the  rcg'lnr."  But John laughingly snld he'd tnke Wb  clmncpo on. that for jest this one time.-  Thnt pvenimr he  told  Mnry tlint hn  didn't intend to write out 'lis city sermon.  "I'm going to try my hand at the.unincumbered style," lie said.   "It may menn  a breakdown,'but I don't exp��ct It."  "Good,".: said Mnry "n* ~">���� von  w'll Dot hrenk down,  well prennred and 'oo nnxioiis to succeed  to fesr nny such cntnstrophe. You nre  not only to please on your account, hut at  the sntne time you are Roing to orove the  eicellnnco of my Judgment."  Bo John set forth on his brief pilgrim-  ace nnd preached hlu sermon and did not j  break down. They were kind to him and '  Bail) pleasant things to lilm, nnd Mr. Gnr-  medy was especinllj agreeable. And they  till boppd to bear him ngniu. So he came  back quite elated and shared his elntinn  with Mary, who shook her fair head in a  mnnn��r that nlnlnly indicated that she  hnd said so all alonu.  It was the second week after John's re  turn that a startling tragedy (shocked the  town. One of tbe oldest and most prumi-1  nent eltlrons was killed In a brawl I'i th.< |  disreputable section of thu place familiar-1  ly kuoxvn us the Inlet. Uo xvns not a ���  man of the strictest luoinlity. lie had!  periods of overindulgence lu intoxicants,'     ���> *"- ������������  and ho had fallen in xvith the gnus of unJ"st> tram a political standpoint is one  rowdies  xvho  nuido the Inlet notorious.! of "lc m0i*"t brilliant pages in the hiMpiy  The assault on him. however, was entire-   ���">' ''^ "rn,y-    w*lil(v �� li"'"i> volunie nf  ly  unprovoked,  and/this  fact, together I "���"luntecrs xvns called out, it was fought  xvith his prominence;[made tho affair llie' '"  ^" mni��  b>'  tllP rcsulw- nrmy  aud  Brcatest sensntion of many rears. i w'-tu scarcely a reverse fiom start to ii:i-  A memorial meeting was called bv n I ���bl1*   'Illie commanding Kcuerals were still  miber of citizens, headed by the editor' "'��"nR enough for net ive service, but ihey  ���  ��� >   ��� .i - ..-.,. i hnd .nil hnd  military experience iu the  You will be too J he Bmilinsiy'sAVd." "I agreed this afternoon to become assuciato pastor of a city  church."  Tho dencon looked disappointed.  "It's too hnd." lie said. "I s'pose thnt  wns the committee I saxv you tnlkin' xvith  after the mectin'. Of course I fnney  you're gettiii' a good thing out of .'em.  But I'm.real sorry you ain't going to'stay  with .us.    "���'���" " enod Hold."   Ho [mused  It's a good Held."    Eo [in  nnu iiuiicd to Mary.". "Cun't yon persuade him to chauge his miud, Miss Dill-  worth'."  Mary blushed a little and laughed.  "1 don't sec hoxvl can. Mr. Blodgett,"  she snid.   "You sec, we nre to he married  soon.' and I have promised tu go xvith  hiin."  "I xvnnt to knoxv!" Bttiil the deacon.���  Clex-eland Plnin Dealer.  One War  WHh.Kew  Ml��tnl:on.  Tbe war xvith Mexico, whether just or  xvhen, the xvar of life is over and t  victors rest in'the soldiers' home  place,  story of Lady .lane Crey  Jlblcyii and Water,, ltaleigh: and' .Sir  I'lionnis   ' Moore. .You;; xvill seo; the'  .croxviis' of kings and;queens,' ihe robe  .worn' by the.Black Prince, and    .silver 'baptismal fonts,' from xvhich royal '.infants xvbi'6 "christened,  and :. the  block bii which ���Lord Lovut xvas be-;  headed.       But     nopart of London  Tower,"   xvill more interest yoii than  the    "'ai-iiiory,  ih  which  is skillfully:  .'and-impressively, nri'tinged a.      col-  ; lection of all  stylus  of armor., xyorn  between'tlie  .'ihiiicenthand     eigli-  tcenth .    centuries, ..'suggesting-  ;500  years of conflict���cuirass. '���... and neck  guard aiid chinpiece and lanco    rest  and;gauntlet and girdle and    mailed  .apron.  ' Yon see just hoxv from head  to heel those old time.xvarriors were  defended against sharp weapons that  xx-ould cut,   or thrust or bruise and  allowing', them to come but of battle  unhurt when" otherwise they    would  .liavcU.eeii_.slqin.-j ____________���; ���   ������::������' ���..",  Oh    yo soldiers: of Jesus     OhristT       ���-'���- ~nd the   ._ __ on  tlio heavenly heights perhaps .'��� there  may be in the cily of the sun a tower of spiritual armor . such us    iri-  ense'd  the xvarriors for  Christy     in  earthly combat! :  Some day wc may  bo in Hint armory and'henr thoT'.er-  oes talk of hoxv ithey fought the good  fight of faith und    see   them   xvith  the scars    of wounds, forever healed  and look at the "weapons of offence  and defence with which, tliey became  more 'thnn conquerors.   ���- In       that  '���toxvor of heaven ns^ the weapons    of  the  spiritual   conflict  are  examined  St   Paul  may. point out to us  the  armor, with which he advised      the  Ephesians to ot'itilp themselves   uiid  say:     "That is'the shield of ���faith.-  That    Is    the    lielmet of salvulion.  That is the girdle of truth..     That  is ' the  brcastplcco  of  riglitcousness.  Those are the mailed shoes In which  they xvere shod xvlth the preparation  of the gospel."    There and then you  mny    recount tho contrast between  the day xvhen you cnlisled in Christian conflict and  the day xxhen   you  closed it in eaithlv furexxell nnd heavenly salutation, and thn text,which  has  so   much 'meaning, foi-. us 'now,  xvill Iiax-o; more meaning for us thei.���  "Let not hun liini giulith    on    his  harness boast himself as he     .that  putteth it oil "  ��� .Floods of tears .arc axvaste unless': ihey 7 turn the wheels of im-  c.r.oviiii.ici"''".. : y: ���. .   ;���;'.,  longer," snid John  codling a fixture here."  "This will never do," snid Mnry. "You  are wanted '��� and needed elsewhere.' I'm  sure ot it."  "Alas," said John, with n little smile nt  her vehemence, "I'm afraid that thos-i  who wnnt nnd heed me xvill have'.difficulty in" li-idlus' the talents that are hidden  beneath the Dunxvood bushel!" j, ^j0  Mary was silent for a moment. ���        '  "I think I see a xvay to help things  nlonj," she presently said. "My fnlher's  first pnrtner in business was Itiehnrd  Cnrmody, the manufacturer. He is n  leading member of one of the foremost of  the city churches. He xx-ould gladly do  mo'n fnx-or, nnd I'm going,to wri*c and  nsk him to let you till the pulpit there one  Sundny., Tliey lmve sent their old pastor  abrond, nnd he ^niay not return, aiid the  pulpit is being supplied during the spring  by such talent ns can be secured here arid  there. I xvill writo.to Mr. Cnrmody ut  once, and you sliall post the letter." ���  Jolin's eves snorkled.  "Oh, thnt xvould"'be fine!" he said.  Then he hesitated.:; i"But how enn you  explain yoiii'���your confidence in tne7"  A  little blush tinted  Mnry's rounded  cheek.  "I nm not writing the letter in my own  way." she Innghinnly said, "and the  man who is to rece've it is ri friend who  hns knoxvn me since I. wns a verv little  girl. 1 nm sure that ho xvill be glad to  trust me and fnx-or me and ask no questions.",    ,  And John hod.xvritched her ns she bent  over ber writing, her gentle eyes.intent  upon the xvork, nnd a nexv ambition crept  into bis heart ��� t lie ambition to prove  worthy.of this dear gill's trust nnd confidence.  '���' So: tbe letter wns sent nud in due time  -John receivcfl_nn_invitntion to fill the, pulpit of the city church tor s certnIn~Sun="  day. ��� Tlie trustees hnd no objection to his  going a* long ns he nrrnnged to 611 his  place during; hip .brief absence. , They  eii. felt,a little flattered in their slow,  this mark of vecngtiiition from the  cv  wny at  city church.  "At the same time,", said Dencon Blodg-  ,et,"It is nn ui.ns.un1 thing for one of, our  pastors to go gnllivnntiii' round the country.   'And I should judge it might not be  of the leading local journal, rind a programme, of speakers xvns carefully arranged.-. The: Inst speaker in the list xvns  John Granger. Uo hml been,chosen becauso he represented n leading denomiua-  tion nnd not 'through nny belief thnt bis  eloquence xvould add to the success of the  meeting.  The .-citizen's ' assembled in the great  xvnreroom of the agricultural xvorks nnd i  long before the meeting opened the seats1  xx-ere filled and ttiei-e xvere many standing. It xx-ns n rather long meeting niul  the grent audience groxv a little uneasy  during the closing nddresscs. They were  crowding about;the doors xvhen the cluiir-  mun briefly introduced tlio Ilex-. John  Granger.  John walked to th<> front of the platform and paused umoment before he  commenced. lie had no .manuscript to  restrain him,; hut lie xvns full of his subject, and bo kr.exv just xvhnt ho'wanted to  say.  ��� llis voice, wns calm nnd strong nud ut  his first xvori's the people xvho xvere pushing toxx-nri) the" doors pnuseil.. He xvns  not vepeatiirf xvlsnt hnd..liee'i.sniil before.  He mnde no allusion to the loss the town  suffered by the demise of tills liberal  though nt times misguided citizen.- His  address.was��� a.cry: for the mornl purification ot the place. He called upon nil good  citizens:to nxvnke and jyin hands in tliii  work. The pastors alone could do nothing. Talk'- xvould :.iaccomplish':' nothing.  Prayers xvithout pructicnl c-IfoiT availed  nothing.; The sore otyico was' there nnd  it must be removed by heroic treatment.  He had begun his address in n quiet  toue, but presently he .warmed to his subject nnd his x-bice: grexv louder and tbe  .'words poured forth more rapidly.  Ho'called upon the politicians to use  their poxver to abolish the plngue spot.  ;.TJo culled upon the toxvn olUcinIs,'the  servants of the people, to do their sxvorn  duty. He culled upon the press to agitato icform until the word rnng in nil  men's ears. lie asked good uieu and  xvotiicn of ull denominations nnd creeds  and mce nnd color to come together  shoulder to shoulder in this cause.  "Make this n subject of daily conversation',", he cried,to them. "Tnke it xvith you  to your stores nnd your ���choii.-., cany it to,  the polls, mingle it xvith your prayers."  And when he suddenly filing up his  band it xx-ns ris if he Iind a shenf of invisible wires that led from his tense  fingers to every heart in tho vast uudi-.  eneo nnd n storm of npplnuse* followed.  Agnin aud nga.iti they '.applauded, tb'e-enthusiasm', rising ,as he 'proceeded: until an  eloquent climax closed his address xx-ith  the nmlieuce standing nnd vigorously crying, "We will, xve xvill!" -  As he stepped from the side door he  cucounteied tluco gentlemen, xvho xveie  xvaiting for him. One of them he hnd  met before, the others xveie sti'iingui's.  But they shouk hands xvurmly and xveie  chatting in tlie must friendly xvny ns they  sloxvly passed up the street toward John's  boarding place.  The people xvho overtook and passed  them turned and looked at Joliu, and  many of them noddod nnd some shook  hnnds. It xvas ically an ox'otion. as one  of the fontlemoa xvith John remaiked,  and John blushed and.said it xvas rather  embarrassing as xvell ns undeserved.  And xvhen the four.men reached the  Dillxvorth gate-the man who had met  John before said.something to hiin in; nu  cririiest tone, nm'; John made n brief reply, and then the three men shook bands  with'John nnd badohim goodby.  Tlint evening John had u caller. It xvas  Deacon Blodgett. The deacon seemed a  little einbarrassed as be sat In the parlor  twirling the bat tbutbehad-rcfuscd-to  yield into,'Mary's bauds.  "Mr.'Granger." be presently snid, "I'm  a conimit'too of one; to represent the trustees, of our church., , They have sent mc  ovcr to close a little deal xvith you. It's  somcthin' that sbouldbavo been 'intended  to before. An' tbey xvant mo to.sdy to  yon that tliey nre very well plensed^xxMth  your efforts. .Yes. An' I wnnt to say for  myself that your speech this afternoon  bad    xvnr of 181*2 ami the Indian campaigns,  nnd the regiments xvere filled iu the lower  grades xvith intelligent, ambitious and  xx-ell educated cadets from \Vest Point, of  xvliuin ox-er 1.100.had been gradiuiteil ho-  txveen 1817. xx-hen Tliayer hceamc ������  iiitendent, 'nnd 18-15.���General 1*\  Greene in Lippincott's.  .iper*  IX Vi''  .: ���-' "Tlie EnBllBli;��iliid.".;;v:.^:';-'.;:;7  You hnve,comprehended some points nf  ".ly xvurks iinic-h niiir.e'cleinl.v ihn'n lininy ..  of my cnniiuitrims aiiillmve treated tlieni',  ilia niiiniii'r.'iuiie, unkniixyn here. liiv.Kiii;-"  li\iiill,-.i.l. loiiil "geii('riilr.'.iitii,iii..('nniiot7.he7  grni-'peil liy tin- Knirlirli "iiiihtii; : It':a:n:';  lilea'scil in 'sei- tliin , it is ' liihijrwisc'.'; in^  ilniy'.''- I.nlternf lleilii'i-t .S[iuncei- to an  Italian. V     :'.",'''.���' .���:7:7:'''''7:" .-,:7.:  ;:THE7STRENUOUS:GAME 77.;  ,<ow the Bcason's on in earncrt,J-: , :yS'':���������-���.���  ; And the mon of football tame;';'i,'y[y .'-���'-..  ;;.;     Are upon.llie pridB appearing xii''i''i'-iy,\y-l  ',1:--0'\. Tbey have girde-i onI tlieirrannorf':'.y.:.;[    '/\-,,'  i\] They, ha ve. let IMr hair grow l*nf��.l''���.  ; And their Imrd and bul^ins muscles v      .r, '.���;  7 Furnish proof that they arc atronff. ; Q /. i ;  , Tliey aro lining up.tntl passinff,; ../���,;',!���.  V Tliey arc racing for the goal; 'V.  >!;'.:'. '���'"'  They'are chased,Jand they are tackled, rV.  ��� 'And upon the fleld'thcy.roll.;v i';V  -They.are up aiiain and it lti:-)j-i'':'".y..  'All unmindful of their hurts; ��� .7,',:; '  ;.They.are dodjjinR and eluding���;;.'v''''v.,������'-';*;:7;::-7:--:  y A* they, gain in sprinting Bpurta.:y'.v:;.;^-,  ��� Yard by. yard they're' pressing; forward,  ���y.-y Though assailed: by. brawny mon;',";;'*";;';  ,-Yard hyynrd,they're falling backward*���  ''Then are closing up again. 7' y'y^- y'/y.y  ���]: Now and then; the; ball is: fumbled, f,;.,.- :-���.;,;.  i ,':, Now^nd then 'tis punted far,':.: ''!';;,',.,;*'  '���;And again'-they're fiercely battling���;<'{':��� ^y::~C  ;&;tor the football; tug of, war. ,.';.;���..   ;���-:::������:  :; They are plunging,; they are falling; ���;., %'., I;  -[���-ihNow they rush arid hit,the line;*,:';/'-X-f;[���-_������  Now an opening is showing, 7[;���- ay ���?;:���;��� ".;,'���'/  ��� : When' the.' heavyweights combiner ;���    '--,...  ;,: Panting," puffing, wildly running,;//;'.",;.',:  V-   Down.tho, field a player goes, 7^, '"V:'*;;':  "And a touchdown he is making 7;  ':���':���;r-'y:"A  7 O'er the goalline of his foes.-, /.^r'j.'f/"!.;:'^  ; ���: Louder swell the cheers of ^watchen -...'.- ;.ui;.;  h;   AVho have "gathered "there in hosU;!: V.v,.;  . When the ball in air goes risingr-.i.v;)j :  !s',:i And then tails between the postfc.���:.;���;,  ;��� iln larjeo letters fame is writing!'^"/ "f:;;,ii.  7J;;'On;her ever growing roll.,'���y.6f:}yy.-'- 'c-  /;. Name of man '..who made the touchdown ,.;*  ;And at man,who,kicked the goal.'V ^ ;tV  v."' - -���'<���"��� .^vf-PittEburg Chronicle-TelegraplLV;  ( St opp In ff   tlie   ninnlc*  '"Yes."   said   youn^   Mrs.   Torkins,  "Clmrley used to come and serenade  me for hours every nlgbt.   So,at last I  married him."      <>  "Dear mi��I" rejoined Miss Cayenne.  "Did he sing as'badly ns 'air that?"���  Exeliauge. ' '   *1"'  ' r     *t  Chcntetl.  Mistress (avrnngtnj; for the dinr.jr)���  Didn't llie grocer send the macaroni?  Cook��� Yes. mum, but 01 sent It back.  HvViy wan of'them stims was empty.��� "  LdtiOou' Kun^ **  A Scrtona Cnsc, c  "The sexton digging over thero'looks  like a healthy man, doesn't he?"  "Sure.   Nothing -wrong with him."  "No; but I notice he has ono foot' in thn  gravo.'.1���Denver Times.  7 Tkoke Donton Ladles,  Mrs. Guinnivoce���I never". have any  troubIe_with^baby. _ I've ouly to sing to  him, and he goes richt off to'ale'cp.   Mrs.'Phaser���\Yhat a knowing child!���*  Boston.Transcript: . ,., t       *.  ' Bcffintilnsr at   Home.    >  * Jasper���I  uuderatnnd  that >you  had  turned over n new leaf and were even go-  in k to lovo your enemies, but it seems to  mc that you lovo no one but yourself.  "Well, 1 am my own worst enemy."���  Life. '  Claim Scores of Thousands of Young Lives. Every Year-  lives That Could as Well Bo Saved,  '       ��� ,, , scHou* question with' evcr^othe,- to ^ ^ - M^^*���?*^^  chills, astl similar ailmonU. vrhldi ��S^^^tx^Til&SM'^ ���*�� from'Blcop.     Sho really tho  l;��&r^3^i>^ ���* ,r.  ss^^issss ir i^i::t rAo^ZfrtZ^t te t^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ *����!_.  cvcr.'dovised.  Dr. Chase's Syrup of  Linseed awd turpewitswe     A  SltBS* ^SSS'toS1^: i. ����*. 60-U. at aU dealers, or Edmonson. Ba^s   *.  Co., Toronto. Tho Schmidt treatment .for milk- fever in cattle has resulted In n remarkable number of recoveries, reports from
107 veterinarians showing SU per.eeut.
Dr. Schmidt of Denmark assumes tlie
disease to bo duo to the elaboration of
a toxin lu the uddor. The treatment is
simple, within the j-cach of allV.airy-
nien, says Professor Buckley of the
Maryland experiment station.
Dissolve 120 grains Iodide of potash
In one quart of water wlilch has been
boiled and allowed to cool to about tho
temperature of llic-body. Introduce a
funnel and pipette Into the cuds of a
rubber tube nnd place in a bucket of
ahtlseptlc fluid. Mill: the udder dry.
then place uuder the cow a piece of oilcloth about a yard square, so that the
udder will be about the middle of the
cloth.
Wash the udder and teats thoroughly
with castlle soap aad warm wnter, rinsing carefully with antiseptic fluid. Insert the pipette iuto the end of a teat
and fill the funnel with"Iodide of potash solution. By passing successively
from one tent to another distribute, the
solution equally among the quarters of
the udder. Rub the udder from the
teat toward the body, uud massage
thoroughly in order to distribute the
solution throughout. Eight or teu hours
after tha injection, or when recovery Is
nssured, the udder should be carefully
milked out and then bathed with warm
■water about 100 degrees F., A second
injection ls rarely necessary, but if so
it should bo done at the end of sis or
eight hours.
If there should be a tendency toward
hardness of the udder or "strlnglness"
of the milk, baths of warm water
should he applied every three or four
hours uutll relieved. If neglected, garget will result. As a preventive measure It is advisable to restrict' robust animals to a moderate allowance of dry
food for seven to ten days previous to
the end of their term, and where there
Is a tendency toward costlvcucss or
constipation correct It with a drench of
epsorn salts.
FectUns Dairy Calves.
•No progressive dairyman, breeder or
experiment stationndvlses feedlngcorn-
meal to dairy calves, ns It has just the
opposite tendency to tbat at which we
are aiming, says B.-V. Sharpless In National Stockman. Wheat middlings and
oil meal are perhaps the most satisfactory feed we can obtain. Cooking or
heating food for young stock helps
growth, because warmth seems to be
conducive to life and cold to be an attribute of death. Especially tbe liquid
food Bbonld be fed warm, aud the fodder should become warm by being masticated In the mouth before entering
the stomach. With this treatment and
food the heifer should be a profitable.
Investment nt the age of twenty-one or
twenty-two months.
Frequently inquiry is made by farmers and dairymen as to the best feed's
and combinations, particularly for
dairy animals. While Uierels no such
thing as a best feed or ration, there
are some that are more desirable and
more economical than others. Most of
the home grown coarse feeds nre high
, ln carbohydrates, low In protein..and
comparatively indigestible.. Nearly all
of tbe concentrated feeds are \ery
digestible, and a large number are
high In piotoln and low to medium In
, carbohydrates. 1 he concenti ated feeds
aie fed with the home giown coarse
feeds, therefore, first, to increase the
digestible matter, and, second, to ln-
ciease tbe amount of'protein in the
daily ration.
f 'Among the most economical conccn-
tiated feeds high ln protein may be
mentioned cottonseed meal, corn'gluten
meal,, gluten feed, dried breweis'
grains, malt sprouts and fine flout middlings, with 18 to 20 per cent protein
Wheat bian and mixed feed contain
only 13 per cent digestible protein
aud 35 to 40 per cent Indigestible matter. Thp long distance tianspoitatlon
of substances containing such a laige
umounrof Inerfumtcrlnl is an impot-
taut factor 'Id inuklug the nutrients
they contain relatively expensive.
Unseed meal, while a desirable milk
pioducing feed, Is not usually as cheap
as lottonseed or gluten. 1It' Is not
usually eionomlcal for tbe .average
farnii'i to pin chase coiumoal. This
(i should he piuduted upon'the faun.
'J he oat feeds are also relatively ex-
pcublw
t't-a Vino Sllnn-c Ration.
Aoi-mdlng lo figures from the Mnssa-
chiiM'iis i \pi>rlun ut station, pen vine
Militiri   Miiiiniiis approximately fiO per
pint ofifhj matter and digestible null hmmS'J'n<  follow.s "Protein,, 8 4  per
/tjeiit   i^iilioh.draU's. 225 per cont, and
' I'ii   i pit cent    This1"Indicates that "it
Wii.il not require additional foodstuffs
il<l7 In  pioti'ln, wivs  Hoard's  D.iliy-
mnii,-,    >llie  'following    combination
should in.iUc a teij acceptable i.itlon
as  uii  aveinge  foi-  a   beid  of  cows:
Tweii'y pounds ot pea vine silage, ten
v pounds of corn stover, four p»audB of
bran and four-bounds of corn. - • i    <
< '   r Foriilrr Corn and Brnn.»
roildci com is veiy good ln,ltS'Wny,
we might say .excellent,(but nlone.lt
does  uot  lumlsh   thpj very, best  of
roughage ,foi mill: cows, says Hoard's
P-ili^iiian    However^ *lf   limited ( to
lii.in tiilcl fodde'i rorn_wVshpiiia expect
t'<> fold'n't'an a u>rag'o* not' less ''than
n>iiw pniii'ds of bian per day and
i)j->ii i I tin  luddiT coin each cow trill
C-
LAYING TILE DRAINS.
Careful Attention   Must   Be  Paid to the
I      Propel- Construction of Inletil uud
Outlet* to Ue of Uie*
No ono will question the valuo of
tile for drainage pipes. In laying
head end of tile, it is a mistake to
dump in a fow pieces of broken tile
and mud dug from, the .slough bod
with the idea of packing to make
nearly waterproof. Many have done
thnt'in this section and tho water,
failing   .to run off, a complaint     is
WKLL-MADK IILK INLET.
mado that the tiling does not pay,
I havo known men to dig up whole
ditches of tilo and replace them with
larger ones, when a,little work in
the right way would havo Drought,
things out all-right. A correctly
built tilo inlet and outlet are absolutely essential for success in drainage. Where soil is of a mucky nature, the illustration shows a good
plan of Xilliiiir in around the inlet.
This plan, however, i.s not necessary
where soil is mossy. About four or
five feet of Wc should bo covered
with coarse gravel"to within six or
eight inches of the surface, so the
plow will not strike tho stone. This
will let the water oil freely, yet keep
the     soil in good shape,.    A   , large
DURABLE TILK OUTLET.
stone should be placed at the end of
the tile.
Tho outlet _. should also bo kept
clean of roots and bars of netting
so placed that tho vermin may be
kept out. If this is done and the
tilo properly laid, water will have
easy going and the farmer will go
his wny rejoicing instead of "cussing" tho'tilo which ho thought 'was
too small.—Fred Ristrim, in 'Farm
and Home.
Values of clov«*r and liuiothy.
It is said that timothy of good
quality contains a little more than a
half pound, or fourteen-twcnty-fifths
of a pound of nitrogenous matter in
twenty-five pounds. Rood clover has
two pounds in twenty, or two nnd
one-hnlf in twenty-live, and lucerne
has two and one-fifth in twenty
pounds, snys American Cultivator.
This explains why clover is so much
better for milk production or for fattening stock than timothy liny. Mr,
J. S. Woodward claims'that barley
straw is better than timothy for
feeding to sheep, but he probably
means barley cut, us all grain's
should be while yet in' the "dough,"
or soft enough (lto be crushed up between tho thumb and finger. We do
not put a very high value on straw,
corn .stover or hay'of any kind that
hns been allowed to~stand until the
seed is fully ripe beforo it is cut.
Chemists may tell'us that only the
water has dried out of it, but the
natural juice of a plant is not the
tame thing as the water from the
well or brook. We never saw the
chemist who could make a slice of
good apple or peach by adding water
to the evaporated fruit, a'though we
own that the fruit dried quickly in
the evaporator docs not undergo the
same change as it used to under the
old process of dr.. ing in the sun And
dried beef will not make a good beefsteak by soaking it in water.
Wittering Homes.
Horses should be watered before
receiving their oats If they are
watered after feeding,, thel water
washes the undigested food out of
the stomach, and theieby may
cause trouble Watoi drunk by a
hoise does not stay in tho , stomach
like food, but passes rapidly
thiough it, going directly to the
largo intestines Hoises should always have plenty of good, pure
water to drink,;and at frequent intervals *A~ horse coming in~hot
fiom work will very seldom suffer
from getting a drink of water at
once, lie is apt to chill if cold water be given after he hns partially
cooled. . If the water bo given at
once in moderate quantity, tho
heat in the'system wnims it at
onto, and no haim results If the
hoise be left > 'till ho bo partially
cooled, the .water withdrawing
more heat when the svstem hns begun to flag, may cause a chill. A
hoise should never be given a huge
quantity of cold,' water just bofoi c
doing fast woik > Tt mav hint both
his going and staying powcis and
induce scouring. <A hoi so going out
for fust work should bo watoi ed at
least two hours.*beforo leaving tho
stable, and, then, oven if offered at
stinting, will seldom take more
than a mouthful During a long
Journcv a hoi so should be watcied
whenever there is an oppoitunity.
Mono)  In Dlv* Milled Crops.
Agricultural o\pei intents for a series     of yeais piovo that diversified'
farming pnj s best      When tho farm- •
er plants but ono thing and it fnils,
his work for the yeai   is practically
lost.     Foilunatcly this is not often
the case, for faimeis  as  n  rule raiso
suth  a yn'nety  of  pioductions  that
tho  loss  o'f  one  Is  not  a  calamity
A faimer should 4tudy his conditions
carefully.-and'.plunti thoso things best
adapted to his soil      Whatever pay's
best should bo given the most space
aud tho best caie.
A FIVE ACRE POULTRY FARM.
Great Territory Nat Absolutely Neoflsarr
to Do Itlc; Business.
The size of a poultry plant is not'
so much measured by the amount of
land as it is quartered, upon' as the
actual results obLaincd. We have
visited large farms occupying but
afew acres, and small affairs on ten
times tho amount of territory.
The beginner if lie is blessed witli
sufllcient capital, is apt to purchase
frbm fifty to ono hundred acres, nnd
put up buildings to quarter a thousand hens. Folks passing say it is a
huge affair; but un investigation
proves that Jones, across the way,
is'doing a better business with one
hundred well-kept fowls.
Tho .writer for a number of years
has carefully noted tho work of
small farms; kept a memorandum of
the' expenses nud receipts—and had
the satisfaction of learning that for
poultry for profit a well-managed
five-acre plant not only proved less
risky, but moro profitable, than
many larger ones.
-Take the larger plants Jn the country, farms containing "twenty-five,
fifty, and as high as one hundred
acres each, and measure off tho actual amount of land occupied by the
business, and, in nine cases out of
ten it will bo found that the actual
poultry part can be included in a
five-acre space.
If out of five' acres of land ono
acre is used for dwelling, barn for
a horso and cow and general house-
yard, four acres will remain for the
poultry. Scattered over these four
acres could be planted four hundred
fruit trees with ample open space
for the poultry buildings, the runs
to be in this planted orchard. Three
hundred fowls would thus have comfortable quarters and large range,
and enough room remain to run a
brooding house, and to scatter small
buildings and coops for growing
stock.
Such a farm could easily bo managed by one man, or a man and a
boy. A combination of egg, broiler
and fruit-raising *is one that brings
good returns. The expenses would
not, necessarily, bo heavy, and the
work would be both pleasant and
profitable.
What would bo the profits?
Well, a good man can make, clear
money, from nine hundred to one
thousand dollars a year.
Suppose wo figure it out:
We will say the three hundred hens
will lay six hundred eggs m week
during the months of July, August,
September, October, November and
December. That is allowing only
two eggs a week for each hon. -Many
hens lay better than that during
those months; but wo have the coming moulting season in mind. When
a retail market i.s established, tho
price will, run about two cents per
egg, giving a total of three hundred
and twelve dollars for the six
months' product. The cost of feed
during that time will amount to one
hundred and fifty dollnts, leaving-a
margin of one hundred and sixty-two
dollars.     So much for eggs.,    ■   "
During January, February, March,
April, May and Juno, we will run
tho incubators. We will' credit the
hens with hut ono egg each per week
during thoso months, which,' in' the
twenty-six weeks, will amount to
seven thousand eight hundred. '
Counting that it takes four eggs
to make up for one broiler, we will
be able to produce about two thousand broilers, and, taking into consideration the cost of eggs, fuel, feed
for chicks, etc., wo will have, say,
twenty live cents profit on each bird
when * iuarl.ctcd>—making a prolit of
five hundred dollars for the crop.
Those who have kept a careful account of the manure crop say the
droppings from a hen is worth fifty
cents a year, but we will count it
twenty-five cents, molting seventy-
five dollars for that item.
Now in all this wo do not allow
for male birds, counting the 300
fowls as hens., As we do not tnke
into consideiation the sale of roasting fowls, the price of males and
icproducing tho stock must come
in from tho receipts of the sale of
loosters, and if lightly managed it
will offset that cost
Authorities on fiuit cultuie soy a
fruit tiee in be.uing is worth one
dollai a year, so we will place the
figuie at half, giving the viold ^ as
worth two hundicd dollars for the
four hundicd tiees
HT_CAPITtJI_ATIO>..
Eggs,  profit  5162
Bioilers,  piofit  500
Dioppings              75
Fiuit  Miuketed  200
Total
S937
These figures aio certain!v not extravagant. The expenses aie placed
~at~a goodl ate, aud~lho— pioducts_nnd
profits at a low amount *i et with
all that, a man to accomplish even
what we have mapped out, must hr>
wide awake and eneigetic He must
watch the details, never slight lus
work, and endeavor to profit bv Ins
expei lences And we belic\e these
figuies can be bettered as expern nee
grows—Faim Poultry ,
i 	
Hour to <*uio   i italic)  Horse-
When a horse balks, no matter how
badly he sulks oi how uglv he is,
do not boat hun, do not tluow s.md
in his ears, don't u> e a lope on his
fiont legs, or even burn straw under
him Quietly go und put hint on the
head a moment, lake a hnminer, or
even pick up a stone in tho sti tot
toll tho driver to sit still, take the
iclus and hold them quietly while
you lift up clthri fiont foot One
each nail a light lap, and a good
smiut tap on the fiog, chop his foot
quickly, and then chirp to linn to go.
In 09 cases out of 100 the hoiso will
go right along nbout his business,
but tho dnvci must Keep his lines
taut and not pull or jerk hun hack
—John llaines, in Farm and Home
ADVERTISING ON FARMS.
Every Man  Who lias  Ever Tried It Has
Been Convinced of Its Great Peon- ,
nliiry Value.
In nearly every locality. much
may be accomplished by advertising
whatever we have ior sale. Proof
of this will be found in yorr own
desiie to see what others advertise
for sale. Personally, 1 am ready to
admit that the advei using columns
of any paper always have a strong
fascination for me, and if J see
what otheis ofier for sale, others
will see wh.a 1 m.ty have. The local
newspapers judicious'y i;seil will
nearly ulw.iys bring ample returns.
Noiii. circulars slating what you have
fm- mile, aiid how it may be obtained, int,!led to your uusioincis or
prospective ones, will ustinlly ino-t
a response. A very com onion' way,
nnd al'-o one which- has 1 niu;;ht us
very snlisf.ictoiy results, is iho simple device of n bulletin board. I!c-
ferring lo iho illustrnti'.ni. we have
"l-'tir Sale" and "Wanliil" columns,
which words may be lettered j erinuii-
ently with while paint, or prlntml
with chalk as occasion mny re<|'.iir>>.
A very cheaply constructed 1 oard
(any dosiiei! sue), may be nude .is
follows:     Use  only   the  bost  oualitv
Tn" ]-.>. i..\_-:_i>o..r._i.
of soft, wood l'iin.iur, fine from p.lcl"
and knots. '1 l-.o hiiuiC- fl.oukl be
evenly cm tlio desired Imeth (a convenient size is 2J by 3 feel), and fastened Light ly and hrml;.- U'£olhcr
with cleats ..nd sere,vs. 'I'lio si-ruws
should lo driven fiom the hack of
Ihr board, and should be .•: i-qiiarter-
inch shorter thai, the combined thickness of the clo.it and board, so that
Ihey shall not roach through lo, and
inleTicie wilh the sun.ice of tho
board. Tho oulsiiie deals should be
put on flush, or nearly so, with th.-
ends of the bonrds- and the centre
cleat should l;o cut luni; enough to
extend two oi three inches above and
below the board. A pesl should be
1'i-mly set in the (.'round to which
the board r.uiy be fastened by chiving 'crew through the' projecting
ends of the centre c'ciit into the post
any desired height from the ground.
This leaves t.he entire surface of the
board free from screws or nails, and
it may be put up or taken down at
will.
To prepare the blackboard for use.
take the best grain alcohol nnd shellac in the proportion of two parts of
the former to one part of the.latter;
one pint of alcohol to one-half pin',
of shellac would doubllcs* be sul'ic-
iont. To this mixture add sulhcient
of tho best black drop (powder), to
give the desired color, which should
be a dead black, and ono tablespoon-
ful of finely powdered pumice stone.
'This latter i.s added to give the mi.x-
t'iro sufficient grit to take Ihe chalk
freely whon thoroughly hardened. Apply with an ordinary paint brush,
three or four coats, allowing each
application to dry thoroughly before
the next is made. This formula has
been sold at high prices, but was
furnished me by an experienced decorator, und pronounced the best
blackboard dressing in the market.
Try it on your school blackboards,
and save exorbitant charges by ono
hired to do the work.
> A \"«w Ituski-c l'lunt.
Campanula isoph\lla innvu is a
new trailing bellflower that seems
ndmnably adapted for the window
girden It has no.it, small foliage,
a s'ow, rambling giowth and is a
loniarkubly pioluse bloomei The
floweis nie saueei shaped and of a
eleai hwender bluo Hundreds of
theso nttiactive blooms oi en at a
tune on plants small enough for a
five-inch pot, piesenting a continuous mass of color They nie about
two inches atioss and last several
days
'Ihe plant should be grown in a
partially shaded place and likes
well drained soil and an any situation During hot and muggy weather tho plants under glass lose
most of then giowth fiom mildew,
but at once slai t ficelv wtieu lomov-
ed to .t shaded poich
QUALITY COUNTS.
ReCitale*  1'rlces (Julte  us   Uffertlvely as
Law of supply and Demand.
We say that prices.are regulated
by supply and demand, but we are
apt to lose sight of tho importunt
part whicli quality plays in stimulating consumption and thus maintaining prices. Breeders wlio have
placed themselves in the van of the
movement to improve the live stock
of this country have not only raised
the standard of production, but have
stimulated the demand fur the bost.
In other words, their work hns been
two-fold; it has educated the tasto
of the consumer, while it has striven
to meet tlie demand thus created.
Englishmen who came to Canada ten
or twelve years ago and who interested themselves in live stock
statistics, expressed great surprise
over the small ..consumption of mutton by our people, but after they
had sampled the cooked article in
tho hotels they ceased to wonder
that the people had little appetite
for that kind of meat. Farmers
raised sheep for wool und the mutton disposed o,f was a by-product.
The quality of tho meat was on a
par with the beef retailed in certain
out-of-the-way dairy districts whose
markets are supplied from the local
stock of old cows fattened and sent
to the shambles.
With an increased supply butchers
nnd packers have learned that tho
best of mutton must bo killed and
dressed so carefully that no taint
from the oil always present in the
wool reaches the meat to give it the
flavor so unpleasant to many fastidious palates, and this careful dressing has also helped the trade. The
improvement of export facilities has
likewise encouraged the raising of
mutton sheep, but that, as Kipling
says, is another story. Though the
growth of this branch ot live stock
industry has been rapid it has been
permanent. Mutton now holds high
rank with othor meats in tho estimation of our people, and its popularity is increasing.
' -»• * Potitto Itlossoins.
The flowering of potatoes hns been
found bj.ar Mirhelet'to withdiaw
muili'.sitni,ch from tlio tubois, nnd o\-
pci ilncnls in' FnWe ha.c 'convinced
I iu that the pioduct'of ' the plants
i.i.tv bo mipioved by removing all
blossoms.
It is still so searee that it h is not
been tued much in nn am.iioiu \ i\,
but theie is little doubt that it will
make an linpoitant addition to the
few plants icullj adapted to cool and
half sluu'od windows When giown
in pots, it c tit ho staked up a foot
oi more high, but it tbiives e--i icial-
Iv woll whon allowed to tuul o\ci
the sides ot a deep basket
Campanula isophvlla, the sjkcks
fiom which (his new vai iet\ in' derived, is a n.itno of Italy and is
often giown on «haJ,v ii.ikoiits
'Jheio is a white foim that is \eij
populai, but it is not so fioc in
bloom ns C   isuph\ ll.i majii
Mic  Vlllllu ol n 1'noil.
The valuo of any feed depends on
Jiow much of it can bo dissolved by
the stomach of the animal, "digestible nutrients," as it is called. If u
farmer allows his timothy to go past
.the blossoming point, without cutting, every additional day's growth
is locking up a goodly per cent, of
tho protein, fat, and carbohydrates
in such a manner' that no animal
can unlock them again.' True, it i.s
all there, 'more of it, perhaps, than
was present when the plant was in
blossom, but it is so surrounded, enclosed, and hold fast in stalk and
seed coats that it passes through the
stomach, unacted upon.
Millet is a good, example of the
effect of locking up the valuable part
of a plant. Cut when the heads are
in blossom, it is a most .valuable
feed, but let the seeds begin to form
and ripen, and immediately tho
valuable part of stalk and leaf is
drawn away to finish the ripening
seed, and when that is completed the
greater part of the available nutrients are so" surrounded and protected by the hard, outside coating
of the seed that it will pass through
the stomach, with its contents unused. Again, if tho fodder is , allowed to be exposed to, rain, much
of its feeding-valuo is washed out,
although the bulk is yet there —
a pretense of value that has fooled
many a farmer. Tho same is true
of moldy or burned feeds. It is
the most valuable part of the fodder that is quickest spoiled. Mold
has just as discriminating a taste,
as to what is good, as nny animal,
and what it leaves is hardly worth
saving.' Unless you give an animal
something to digest, it will go
through the motions and work over
the unprofitable feeds, but a lot of
energy is expended with no result.
—F. G. S. in Hoard's Dairyman.
How to   l.til *tul>le Itiiom.
The llluslialions show the elevation of the oidinniy farm bain, and
also the flooi plan, ns it appeals
when tho addition that is shown has
been built to gi\e incicased room
for the rccoir.modation of cow,    or
I > I 11.1/ II Mill   III    I  lllUt | *
Insicts .no ma-SUV to tho feitil-
iration of mo t tlowei > and weie it
not foi insects especially hoiioj
bees milny of the el ops we now have
would bo wanting Thoie me a
good ninny floweis Unit piotlucc pollen that has uo means of gel ling
fiom flowei to llowei except by the
medium of inscei-. On the othei
hand, some plants tluow off gieat
quantities of pollen without tbo help
of the insects 1'iof James neither
l elates that when in Urn ish Columbia some people came to him and
asked him to explain a showci of
sulphm that had nppaicntly' fallen
dm ing the night He atMiied them
that theie had been no shower of
sulphur, but that what looked like
sulphur was in reality tho pollen of
pine trees.
HL\A1I0N OK BARN
othei stalls '] he addition is ncioss
one ond of the bnin, each cid pio-
Jecting to foi in an open mnnuieshed
'The shed on the left-hiind~cari be
boaidcd in and used for cahos oi
othei young stock or foi a place to
stoic tools and faun machines, if
dosued The shed on the right is
convenient to both lines of stalls,
the in.inuic being hnuled out to the
shod      cuh  da.       Snih   nu  addition
HEN .HOUSE HALLWAY.
Idea. Nest   Hoxus W 1th u Convenient   Shel
UlMlvrnratli.
Herewith is shown a drawing made
from a rough pencil sketch, showing
a section of the hallway in a poultry house, illustrating the row of
nest boxes, with a convenient shelf
underneath ; also with the feed
troughs placed near a slut partition
between the nest boxes, through
which slats the fowls in the pens oat
and drink.
After each meal the troughs aro
removed for cleaning, and the water
pan is placed on the floor near the
slats.     The- eggs ate gathered from
POULTRY HOUSi: HALLWAY.
the hallway, und there is no need to
go into the coups except to clean
the droppings board, renew the litter, etc. It is a good plan to hang
cloth curtains in front of the opening of each nest box, leaving a V-
shaped slat in each curtain to admit
enough light to tho boxes to invito
the hen to enter, but not enough
to make it uncomfortable for the
hen or to induce egg eating. A hen
likes a darkened and secluded place
in which to lay eggs, and will begin
to lay earlier in the season and will
actually lay more eggs in such a
place than in on open nest that is
exposed to the light and to every
passer-by.
Cheese KrliuirelnuntH.
The old country requires a rich,
meaty, clean flavored cheese of uniform size and quantity; nicely boxed,
clean and free fiom marks excepting
the shipping mark and "Canadian
Produce," which should always be
neatly put on. Tlie local demand is
for about the same quality cheeso,
but not so particular about tho sizo
or appearance, nearly always taking
small cheese in preference to largo
ones.
The demand from Groat Britain for
this season has boon much better
than was generally expected. Tha
quality mid moro particularly tho
style of the output of cheese in tho
Maritime Provinces has boon improved the last few yeais; the product has
been sold and sent forward from
month to month, while in good condition, which has added considerably
to our reputation'and'has been th*
means of bringing orders from tho
old country for cheese at good prices..
The groat trouble in Nov.a Scotioi
and New Brunswick, has been lack
of quantity. If the farmers generally would join forces and work together as they uro doing in Prince-
Edward Island and some parts of
the other provinces, they would have
no difliculty in turning out much-
larger quantities of cheese and butter, nnd finding a market for'it at
satisfactory prices.—Maritime Far«-
mer.
A Ilomemnde Snivbuck.
A homemade sawbuck is a common-
sight on any farm, but there ' is a-
vast difference as lo their mako, whether substantial, firm and solid. X
have a fine sawbuck mado as follows:
Hard wood, such us beech, is used
for the main piece, being a log ol
cordwood split in  half.    Two   holes
DORABLr SAWBUCK
aie then boied four oi six inches
fiom each end, close beside each other, but not connecting, fiom upper
light hand to lowei left hand comer,
and vice \ois.i Aftei four holes are
made, select fom sticks cut in equal
lengths and heght the sawbuck is
desned Sha*.e down the upper half
of each until it fits holes and ram
each halfway thiough, as fai as
shown, until tight As the main
log cannot slide down lowei on tho
legs, it will icmain film and stiong-
"er"=:E-G Goi Inch"; lnTFai m and-
Home
|Op*'i
ls_?*_
"iiV
mJDEjES
(HAV
5'ii.o
&q<\iKj
Room
floor
i.mu \'i ri.w iu inns
costs but little h.iMiig a simple
shed loof and luinishos added loom
that is often exceedingly valuable —
tin? oxtui stalls, and the eoveied
plate in which to store the innnuic
—Oiango Judd runner
lMicrc Sila.-u is \ ul« ailp
j Si Inge is not much of a hog feed
and contains too nu ch watoi foi
feeding fieelj; to hoises It is of
first' unpoi lance foi daily cows and
vcij good foi young giowim, stock
and fattenmtr cattle
Wheu to Spread Muiiun.
Whether or no to spicnd manuro
in winter depends very much upon
tho lay of the land If it is veiy
hilly, so that tho leaclnngs from
the manuic will tun off into a ditch
or gully, the manuie will probably
not be much moie valuable than ordinal y soil, says C V. Giegory in
Amciicau Agiicultuiist On level
land, howevei, theie is no better
tune to haul manuic than during tho
winter What does it m.itlci if tho
fcitilizer elements aio loathed out?
The leaclnngs nm down into the
soil and aro available for plant food
sooner than if manuic is spioad in
the fall and immediately plowed under A wideawake, hustling farmer docs not wait for the nish of
spring work to do all his hauling.
At that time his .aids should all be
cleaned up in good shape
DUrrslt> of C» onu
Eveiy farmer should-have moro
than one stung to his bow. The
fellow who gets let down on some
ono ci op who has fom oi five other
souiccs of revenue is the man" in the
main who gets tho most out'of his
.faun > ,     „  ,  >    ,>
Hnril  llnut'tlnl   lloMPft
A haish' bifis'thc woist thing for
a hard mouthed hoise A laico, soft
bit covered with rubbei or leathdr
will often cure a chronic ruii!-;'
"'.'*,
,--\ THE INDEPENDENT.  QAlUUHtDAiTi.... ..FOBBKUAfBY.16, 1M2  I  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBMSHMD    WEEKLY  IN  THE 1N-  TUKiasrrs of the masses  ��� BV  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT     OF     FIACK     IttJOCK,  HASTINGS STREET, VANCOUVER, 1). C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN  ADVANCE.  A vvook. ii cents: mouth. l.*> conts: throe  months, ���_.*! coins;, six months, 03 conts;  one joar, $1.23.  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCLI,, THE VANCOUVER ,, LAUOK PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRAD15S COUNCIL.  SATL"R!D-VY.  ..FEBK.UA.iRY 15, 1902  lt merely notes with alann that wom-  anUinil is losing its grip on the problem of 'how to make pics like mother."  -Ex.  The legislature of West Virginia has  l>assod a union label act, and hereafter all printed matter for .that stiite  will show the union label or lt will not  ���bo accepted by the slate oillcers.. Will  ���the x'lcty council please tako note?  7    TME MASS.MEETING. .   , '    "  0 A mass meeting of all those in sympathy, with.tho labor party, is called  to ������'meet in Union, hall on Tuesday evening, Fob. ISth. Every worker  realizes, that .i'fhe (inio ���has come when  't_l? pr<.duc(..'s tuul workers must o'rguii-  , ize.-for .political .purposes', the samo us  capitalists, and if ihey will but come  .to the., meeting, leaving their political  prejudices behind them,'and unite on  common grouml, ihey would be co-op-  erallng- politically and tailing part in  a srauil ������movement foi; their, mutual  advantage. Among the 'questions foremost with the people of this province  are state ownership of all public utilities and. Oirc-Ot "legislation. Those have  been'advocated for years by the unions,  -until now. they havo become real live  'issues. Come to the lnteting witli a  good will.and    bring:ly along; a feilovv-  ..���worfcer..  '.Did you get a'valentine?  I' MASS ; M-BE'TING  OP THE LABOR  .PARTY   TUESDAY**   NIGHT,   UNION  ���HALL. - ALL" WiELCO'M'13.' ���-.  ���One ibad. .thing; in .our .politics Is ..that  "vve Oiaye had too many water elections.  ; They .have made too many, gratters.  . The, finance committee, refuse bere-  :n/_ter to "smoke uv>.". -Aid. Brown ��� objects, to aldermen smoking'.'ai the 'board,  -   ; OCvall .sad ihings of7tonsue and pell  ��� the saddest of all is "it    niisht^have  been"���U' we lhad. ivonlted. just a trifle  harder. 7  ''Arbitration: Ls a new* ..'world idea;  .strikes.i.and boycotts., emanate* from  ��� the old world; the union label is the  .modern-..weapon.. ..    .7*  ; The man who never-forgets or forgives is 'to be 'Pitied. ..'As 'ho grows old  ihis bosom is'one of .old grudges;and  they are iill coni'pa.ny.7 7'7,' 7  We ���partially agree with the laibor orator, who 'thinks'.' thaLievei-y*.mum. oyer,  45 who -cannot -'malice a living should be  eboti ���,-That, is, ,-we. 'think li.e ��� .shoiilit i>o  . lialVshot.-���Toronto Star.  In the ibye-election in ward.one on  .Thursday, for 'alderman.: Win, iBlauk-  imore jpolled ;i!0 votes and ex-Aid.-eleel  iWm. Skene 2<iG. Majority for Mr.  Blackmore, 7-1. . How. ifioklo is .public  opinion!  The aldermen must remember .that  the water frontage tax .by-law. 'needs  lots of consideration,.'>for.. there are  (plenty of people standing ready to condemn any sign of. a'one-elded .affair.  All sizes of i.'jpe must be taxed and  'the rates to. users must ibo fixed ai  - cost_,p,riee.   Tt. T. Lowery, the sage of New Denver, air.rlveil On .town on Wednesday  iironi a holiday 'spent in ithe South.  (While in, New .Mexico Mr. -Lowery exchanged his bull dog _md bowle knife  for a mule and female tarantula and  a case of hootch. "Hootch" Is popular  up ln Slocnn.  ���"The Loader offei-s'huiiilhle apologies  to lull Its readers Tor the 'large amount  of mew ipoll.lieal writing whlcHi encumbent ��� this Issue. Sti-enuous efforts to  break off this degrading anil deleter-  Sous habit will ibe made."���Ladysmlth  Leader. This Is pretty tough on "Joe"  -Martin, for ihis convention speech 1s  ���tihe chief ipolltlcal stuff published' by  our esteemed contemporary.  W. F. Oklnclcun Is not allowing the  publio ownership Idea, much time to  got to sloop. 'In this he Is iiei'h-a.'S  wiser than any of our city representative's, be-euui.-e the policy of the progressive party of the near future must  include publio. ownership. The old  Hag and the old man nnd 'the old policy  xvlll nol do.even I'or the city of Ta-  ronito for all  lime.���Globe.  There was ioin'-Hhing rooky going on  ���about ���thai.city rock hauling contraci.  There were -two tenders put ln by '\V.  .('. Marshal and iMacdonald Bros.  Those wero laid over for future consideration;: the deposits were 'returned  without explanation, and it looked for  awhile us if some third party would  got .the contract hi April���ibut then a  mistake was made. It was 14)03 instead  of this  year. [  Good.  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  Party First.  The -press and  ihe majority of our  public, men seem to think more of party  alliances  than  ot  the  examination  of  principles.���Victoria Colonist.  Premier in Dreamland.  The legislature meets on the 20th of  this month. Pending the assembly of  freaks, Jim Dunsmuir is wandering in  dreamland where happiness Is cheap.���  Sandon Paystreak.  Figures tell us ithat workingmen are  "more 'prosparous .than aver before,"  and ifigures are more to be relied upon  than mere statements of political .trimmers and iparlisan- newspapers.���Ex.  You might just as well tell a -hungry  man that: he only imagines that he  wants some-thing in 'his stomach as try.  to convince him that -he is prosperous  when ho couldn't buy. a gang plank  were steamboats selling for a niiikcl  a 'Piece. ���������-.'���  The 'Canadian people leam vvith ivery  deep regret, of tho demise of the'M-ar-  ciuis of Dtil'L'ei'.in, which occurred at  Clanddboye en AYcdnesday. When lie  was governor-general of Cano'la he so-  cor.iphsheil as. much, if not more, -l-han  all iho other statesmen of the Dominion at 'that time-, by'hlsvfji'ett&art ns' a  tactician'iind ability as.a learned diplomat in. wielding.'"'together, 'the .tollter  factions, Ibe" "result of dirty;, partisan  politics, and tihus*a responsible democratic government Was established.  Prof. -Warner,'���?of:: Stanford; University, has prepared a table based on 'fifteen .separate inivestiga.tions ��� of the-  causes of poverty, numhoi-ingi in: all  over 100,000 cases in America, England  iind,, Germany. 'From these: figures it  iv-npeavs that Mess 'than "one-quarter of  the '.worst'cases-of. poverty.; are traceable ito misconduct, while fully three-.  .q'uaiitei-a are,duo to misfortune. Drink  causes only II per, cent., while lackiof  work cr ipoorly.ipaid wonk: causes nearly SO .per cent. Other catuses are,, of  course,-'-, 'unfortunate,, ' ���.���investments,''  gambling, illness, etc. -'*'7"7'7  7 7 A  LABOR  PDATFOriMV; ...  The New Queensland.labor platform  is as .follows;' 7;.        .7:.. .���  .: 1. One .adult, one vote. ;  '.[.. 2. .������White'.'Queensland.    ...  3. Conciliation  and compulsory ar'oi-  ���ti-atlon. - ���'������-...   .,-.: '..:' * 77 '".-'���'.���  : i'A. Old age pensions.-..  .-_. ii.,State ownership and . construction,  of all   railways. . '    ;'....��� vy  ���fi. .Tax on land values, incomes, and  absentees. . ... .'     ������.[���. -.���'������','���  7. Encouragement of close lamd settlement. ;  *: S. 'State.;bunk and loans ,-to settlers.  ��� I). State help to all legitimate industries.      -,'... ;���-,"  Elizabeth Cady Stanton writes to the  New York Evening Post protesting  -igainst " a class of tolerably well-educated college graduates, among them  some of our leading men in church and  state," who have expressed fear that  the feminine element in humanity Is  about to be wholly obliterated through  the Increasing education and freedom  of women. The lady is mistaken. Mankind has no objection to the Increasing  : education   and   freedom.  of   women.  ORIENTAL LABOR.  The Young Men's Conservative Club  ot .this city haive- taken exception to  the statement made by a British .Columbia resident to tlie .press while in  Toronto "that Oriental labor was  necessary to the canning Industry and  thei:e_iS-.more-irt-al_diUigerjlivJhose who  agitate .against them���the qu<u.l-_>oclnl-  ist, who Willi not 'wonk for ordinary  wages, and will not lot others work.''  The as.sociu.tlon passed a resolution repudiating these statements and concluding us follows: "And be it further  resolved that this dub urges on our  representatives in the provincial Ihouse  to press on tihe government the nece-t-  slty of Introducing the Natal net, disallowed by the dominion government,  the said.not being framed on the suggestion of the 'Right lion. Jos. Chain  bei-laln. colonial necretarj-, nnd Lhe disallowance of which we believe to bj u  gross and unwarrantable interference  with provincial lights; and ll is re-  ���solvod that copies of this resolution Ik;  forwarded to Hon. Mr. J3orden, 'Premier  Laurier and thu provincial legislature,"  Winnipeg tons made a test of civic  lighting, and the result 'has .been moat  ' satisfactory. While the price per light  , has  been  greatly reduced   the  rights  themselves have, according to general  :'opinion, doubled In .'brilliancy.' What  , Winnipeg now needs is ��, civic electric  power service, as the consensus of  , opinion ila that we are ipaying Just  i about doiible the rate we should pay  for the present commercial senvlce.���  .'Winnipeg:'. Tribune.  The People Suiter.  The Ya.nderbil.it have acquired .the  Canada .Atlantic and blocked Blair's  schema to extend the'Intercolonial to  Georgian Bay. Thus do the people get  the worst of it from aggressive capitalists anil sleepy politicians.  Politics vs. Principles.  The people appear to prefer to talk  about who is going "to be on top" und  what the next political change will be,  iuid when it will come about, .rather  ���than those measures and principles  Whicii will -contribute to the .prosperity  of the province,���Victoria Colonist.  A Limit to Legislation.  Although there are earnest -prohibitionists -wiho declare.-. that 'prohibition  laws 'rest on the same basis as other  laws for ithe 'protection of the community.-., it is questionable if anyone Is  really donilnaited by that belief. Of the  crowd who would run to apprehend,a  thief or Uhe assailant of a. weak or defenceless citizen, not one would move  to apprehend the seller or buyer of intoxicating liquor" under a [prohibition  law.���Toronto Globe.  School Book King. .  ���'Mr... Kribs ihas Introduced: a bill to  provide for tlie 'printing of the school  books by the provincial government.  This is one .'way of getting .the .public  out of the clutches of the school .book  ring. But tho ling, controls the government, ami tihe govoi-nmeht .c6iitro_s  >tho legislature,. so that there is not  muKili hope for ���relief'.���until' after the  much hope for .relief���Toronto Mall7.7  ���.'.*"���..     ...    .Crime ol Poverty.  Once 'more Wo have the-'spectacle of  old age .and poverty compelled to go  into the'.crimihars dock and ask to be  sc-ntenced'lo prison to ward.off staiwa-  tion. Montreal officially feeds, clothes  and. lodges its criminals. Its poor can  starve, or take out a license to beg;  A 'woman :eiglnty-six years: old naked  the:. recorder's7court the:other day, to  send'������ her, to gaol,' though :,iier only  crime was poverty.���'Montreal Star. . .,  Stained Character.  Not even John Bull, ot Irreproachable  respectability, could expect 'to go into  the biggest 'oss trade on record and  come out without a stain upon, his  dharacter.���Montreal Star.  The Great Question.  We suggest 'that it Is 'time lo begin  to think if there Is jiot some way  whereby the pressure on the labor market can ibe relieved, not simply by getting ;..��� rid of Ohiinamen, but. by giving  wirlto men something Ho do In- connection with the land,, so.-that they may  become producers of t'he necessaries of  life for themselves Instead of merely  working for wages ifor other .pcopl.5.  The labor market cannot he indefinitely  crowded, without the price of labor  being .forced down.���Victoria Colonist.  Smiff's Radical Theories.  It Is now stated, that-the new stamps  in England are faulty, and a new. is-  sue,,is -to 'be made. The view-. talken  that the king's head faces /thewrong  way is correct. It should Tat-e towards the Ibacsk of .stamp.���Bobisiygeon  Independent.  Uneasy.  Next Tivunyilay^lio-leglslaturo~w111  meet unless a political uiUheaivul occurs  In the meantime. The question i.s will  Mr. Martin exorcise 'his powers and  turn oat'the executive, or''will he be  merciful and allow It to drug out a  tiiisera'ble and piecarlous existence until ihe 'bus perfected 'his organization  and the premier 'has acquired knighthood. The -.ponce and prosperity of the  province aru of little account lu coni-  lMirlwm .with the development of the  siihemCH of ambitions men.���Victoria  Colonist.  Vigorous Immigration Policy.  Monopoly and privilege In ilhi'lrm.i'iy  forum are Klrinly oBtWblUhed iby Doth  law and custom In Canada. 11 'luus boon  a growing time���for some people. To  keep this up demands more victims, or  the game will 'be stopped. To supply  these we have a vigorous Uiimlgiutlon  policy. Policy Is the best honestyour  government .can afford at present.���  Wlnnlpeg Voice.  Salmon, 7 Una for I2S cents,  at the  City Grocery.  Worcesterehlre Sauce, 4 bottles for 25  tenta, at the City Grocery.  |Thc Store ��  f with a Purpose :?  ���  * l.ookinfj bucUwaril, the reason  f oi this stoic's existence (decided  1 nine years nijo) wus a good one.  T Ho felt, and we think we have  T proven to some extent, vlmt  |   tlicre N room in this oity f'ir a  S store that soIIm satisfactory ciuitl-  ities on a small margin of prolit. I'roui the very bui;inuiii_;v\a |  vvorki'il uuid to tho best oi imrl  �� ability) on the principle tlint tlio?  T store that buys largest can soil?  f the cheapest, the store thut is^  A most fair with its- customers nnd 1  ^ gives the best values is ifoing lo i  J  del the greatest amount ol trade. 9  * The samo principle applies to.lay. y  * liccaii-u this Stoic is tho largest t  T Dry floods Store in the city, iloi  i ny I o\erlool< tho fact we are a  ^ li-ying to get your trade by of-j  ^ lurins: you qualities  that"1 satisfy T  * at prices you will certainly boj  ?   satisfied  with;  for our policy  is*  * to satisfy our customers, a pol- >  9 icy Unit has caused us to ex-^  J lend our store spucc to thrce^  9 times the oxlcnt it was il years ^  4> ajjo. ?  ���  gJW$��>AL>��'&  CORKICOT   D1JKSS FOR  WOMEN.  170    Cordova  ^......^4>..-..^$>-  St.,  i  4  ��>  t  Vancouver.^  Notices.  NOTICE IS 11ERKUY GIVEN THAT AT TUE  1 next regular sitting of iho UoHrd ot License  Commissioners for the- City of Vancouver I  shall apply for a ininsfer of tho Hotel License,  now located Oordovu street west, known its tho  Winilsor hotel, to the premises,situaletl on Lots  5iiimI O.-.lilock- Wl. subdivision-of Distrie.t Lot  il 11, 723 Cimville street, in the mid city of Vancouver. .  '(Signed.) , JOHN IIOItS'ELL.  Vaneonver, Jan. 30, 1902.  'IIRAI'I^   liLA/Aill  FOR  SURSIDV  tlUNTETlS.  There is nothing "academic" about  t'he Vlobo'ij system of extending tin.  princlplo of private ti\V��6i'.<;hlp of railways, says tho, Toronto 'Telegram.  Private ownership of railways  in Canada always Implies public .ownership of the nioney vviiiohibullds thesf  railways. Public ownership of the  money..whioh (builds railways ought.to  Imply a .permanent public Interest ln  the ownership of, these .railways. Private ownership of railways and public  ownership of the money ���Whichihulids  those riiilwaysaire an Ill-matched pair.  The intane,' wicked folly of the l_au-  rior system i.s:'that ithe country must  largely pay the cost ot 'building the  railways which political favorites can  then, sell to .the highest .bidder: from  New York or elsewhere. That ilne old  tory system of m-slng public -f.unds 'to  build railways for private (benefit did  not'originate. With* the Globe or its  leader.' Sir Wilfrid Laurier has merely  carried that evil system ito lengths  which it could never have .reached  without 'the approyalot Ontario .liberalism. The Telegram continues thai  publio ownership of the Crow's Nest  Pass line and the MackcnzieiMann line  from Winnipeg to Lake Superior would  ���ha.ve iput the C. P. 'It. on its good behaviour and made control of the C. P.  H. useless to any United States "community of interest." The people owned the land, money and credit Which  ibullt:. these roads. The ipeople could  have owned -these Toads also If thay  ���had not listened to the Globe's chatter  albout the 'beauties of a far-off railway  coinmisslon. The country's first duty  was to stand up for the easily applied  principle 'that public ownership of the  money which builds railways shall imply;.; public'ownership of the railway  wiilch is created by the expenditure of  tiiait money.  ���Choice Pine Apple only 10 cents, per  tin at the City Grocery.  d/taru/Tts 0-ns W/PibftAfL' ��#it'~ I  -^vc^LAtO irif- ��&?i*ultMt��  ���tils  WhAaJi/CcUft^nJtvtt/'  -���JIASSJJtDBTrNG^AIiLTHKJ^nOR  PA'llTY .TUESDAY 'NIGIirT, UNION  HALL    AI.L. WELCOME.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packet! in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it?  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal l.iquor Company.  Ibe Ml��t  Is   the   now   saloon  at  the  corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets.   Case  goods aro the hest, nnd the prices O.K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 centB.  If yon want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 60c ryo Ib it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 740 Pender street.  Th* Ml*t  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  everyone.   Seattle Rainier beer, Scents.  PARIS GHEBN. HBIJiHBORH  AND WHALB OIL SOAP tor thm ex-  Uffinlnatton of.the CUT WORM and  otiier l��eot��-*>r oale by the McDowell Atfctao, WartBon Ootnpany. Th��  Dj^fftsta, VaneottTBe. '  ���������������<>!���>�����>��  >�����>��>�� ���������������������^ ��������>��    �������0"��������l  �� H fi 7  a day-a month, is the common excuse. It was what the captain  of a vessel said-on returning"' from .the voyage he .would insure. But  he never came back. The vessel vvas wredWed; he was lost; his family  was  stranded,   too,  financially,   by his procrastination.  Xo otlier time Is equal to the jvrelsent moment for Life Insurance In  cost ami 'opportunity, and no policies surpass those of the Union  Itutual In 'privileges and values. ,  'Details-sent free.     .        '  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE.    ��� Iscokpokated 1848, .  ' Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  k <H��<><*"��*>����� ���������������� ������������������������������ <_>��>>>��>�� �����'*>��������'�����&���'�����<  . If this nillil vvi-;lthcl* makes'you foel lilto piilllng aside yom- heavy .Winter Suit  for a. light, ibrlglit, stylishly made. Spring. Suit,:give.us. tho''ipleasurd of shovvinu  you.-the Imiulsoniost range wc have just received from ono of .tho (best tailoring:  ostablishments in America; .. 11* they. are. not tho'best ���made, best;fitting anil-best,  tnatci-lnl for. the -ahohey .yinii hn.yo scon this season,, you need not purchase. - .-���"  ,   .''They- come In Bime.maok unci Fancy -Worsteds'Serges and Tvvoeds.   Prices;  sic.w,-, sii!.oo. *u.oo:to ��is.oo. .;v \: ��� ,7';";   : 7. i '"'yr.iixi. :    I'x-'-yXiiyy "������������-':"y  .Satisfaction guaranteed; or' money jrofiindbd.-*.^ 'yyy'-y' x [::X x.;y ������.y.-y--':' yylXlXy  ��.   SIEWAI?!,  1?K],KI'[I0XB  702.  160 Cokdova Street.  AB&��LDTELY   rREE.   ��� , '  WO YOU WANT TO BAHN A BliAUTTFUL WATOH (for men or ladles)  by using only a few moments of your spare time? Everyone want*! a watch  and we offer a BEAUTIFUL ONli ABSOLUTELY PRBK for introducing our  Miracle Pills. Boys or girls can earn these watches by sparing a few moments of their time after sohool. Send us at once yoiir name _and address and  we will send you one dozen boxes of our MlracIe-'Pills, :wfh'iuli: we ihave ohJ-  vertised io muoh. Sell these at SOc. a box and send us $6.00 .by - registered  mail and vve will send you FR1310 the watch which wo know will please yoa.  Everybody who has received one has ibeen delighted. The watch fa 'filled  case -and fully gu.ar.i.nteed for one year. Our pills are the hest remedy known  for Dj-spopsia, Heart Trouble, Constipation, 'Nervous Diseases, Indigestion.  Blood Diseases, etc. "They are easily sold." Do not delay, 'but send your  name at once and we will send you the Miracle Pills and dlull, description of  the beautiful watch. WRITE TO-DAY. SO AS TO BB THE F1HST ONE IN  YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD TO BEGIN  WORKING FOR US.  To those wishing to get tho watch with the pills, if they send us a money  order for $5.00. being a reduction of $1.00 vve will ��md troth the pills cuid  the watch,   WRITE PLAINLY.       , ���  ' .  Ric,  H. COTE ���� CIE, -  Rimoiiski  Counti;, Quebec.  wpriAL OFFER-Should you desire "to see a sample box of our (pills wft  wiSfafS box to everybody sending .us !(�� in .tea*, Mention  this paper.  Pacific Bottling  Works  Importers and Bottlers  GONE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  UNION BAKERIES  W. D. Mulr, Mount Pleasant.  W. Murray, Prior street.  Montreal Bakery, Westminster avenue.  F. Adams, Scotch Bakery, Hastings  9treet.  W. D. Kent,: GS Cordova street.   -  J. Oben, HaBtings street.  Mlnchen Co., Granville street.  Barnwell Bros.,;Granville street.  liarcen ft Tupper, GranvUto- sti***.  THERE. IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  I  _  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  * The Independent waots �� report at  c&cb union m^Mtorg and ntwa ooncern-  Inie ithe imsnfeens ot every oreanliatlo*.  emcta revolts and n��wis WW do much to-  sustain ami er��*.te iatertat (a the ��r-  mil__atlona. SeciclaricB aura eapeotally,  ttt-pu fo aeod tB tfceas ravaxka, bv*  xwm Cram any nuanJter aft ��n o��b��b1-  Mtten "HI fe* Mtefcrrt wlU> Ue*tiiT��.  J ���SATURDAY FEBRUARY. 15.1902  THE INDEPENIiEtfT.  not going to move or dissolve partnership or   tell   any   other "ghost  story," l/ut If yon want right prices, with facts attached, visit the  THE  GOLDEN  BOOT STORE,  I3 Hastings St. E.  "He who fools his customer only fools himself" Is our motto.  *J>- A union clerk will wait on you.  il, A. -URQUHAEiT,  Hardware,  Stoves,   Ranges,   Etc.  35  Blastings  Street  East.  ������������e����������9����<i��>B����eo��������������������>s��e��������ei3ce��  s  lly Smoking <��� >  '$ "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," "Spanish Blossom"  They aro the best in the land and made by  Uuion Labor in " g  | KURTZ & CO.'S PIONEER CIGAR FACTORY f  ,|j VANCOUVER, ii. 0. <&  "Cull for tliem and seo that yon get them. 2  ^{���;K*;i;*;;;<>;K>^K*?i{��>>K*;K����';K��;:<  I       ON i!!S ROUNDS.  9     By II. Williamson, of The Independent.  ^(���.K^*^;:(*M{*��;-.^;K<'>:^;iv<^;{<>;i.  1 left  Kamloops Cor 'Shuswap.    The  latter is a line fanning district, locat?d  on the Thompson river.   It is one of  the best place"; ior raising every kind  of grain, \\.ith a. splendid climate    for  'fii_.it, and, vvuthout exaggeration, is one  .of  tihe piettlest .places  I have vl&itcil  since    leaving    Vancouver.    AVlule  nl  'Shuswap 1 came across Mr. ..MeConnel,  the C. P. R. agent here.    He is one of  t/hose lew men you meet on a journey,  .'being always faithful to his employer--,  . and  at tbe  name time  ever ready   to  .oblige you.    I  also met 'Mr.  McKrlen,  -an old friend or Mr. Chas. Wilson. K.  C.of Vancouvor.    'Ho is  a most  In-  iteiesting  talker,   halving heen   in   this  country since 1S3S.   Quite an old-timer,  eh?   And, by the way, you ought ot get  some very in'teiesting notes from   Mr.  Wilson on pioneer life In British Columbia.    All   the  old-timers   in    these  parts piienilc highly 'of him;  theiefore  Jiis experiences of early days must he  varied and "would be very Interesting.  In due time I leached Salmon 'Arm,  whioh is another ranching dl-strict.  From this place a'vvagon road leads to  "Vernon. There is also a Iflsh hatchery  tiere, but I 'was unable to see Mr. Fraser, who is in etorirge of it. He is a  son of Uie contractor who built it���Mr.  Wm. Fraser, of Vancouver. I had the  .pleasure of meeting air. 'Mc&uire, son  of the highly-esteemed lady who runs  ii geneial store .here, besides accoiumo-  .da ting travelers. She keeps the best  of1 everything in stodk.' Mr." Wilson  .also runs a first-class general stoie.  Tlie people of Salmon Arm are very  sanguine of t/lie future of the .place.  At Grltlln Lake I called on W. H.  _McGce's bridge gang. This able body  of men are engaged on some trestle  ���work, and kept very busy. I also had  a pleasant chat with two old subscrlb-  ���eis,* Messrs.-Stevens and Govett, who  had a good word for Tihe Independent.  1 want to say before leaving Griffin  Xake'that Mr. ShainpeVthe agent there,  is the main for the.place. >  I arrlrved at Revelstoke just in the  mick of time to hear President Wilson  and Vice-president 'Lowe of the Trackmen's union, deliver very able addresses at a mass meeting of the trackmen nnd brldgemen of the town. . The  Thall was crowded to .the doors, and the  enthusiasm ran high. The speakers  spoke in a straightforward' way, and  were most earnest and convincing In  their manners. The railway men 'here  JiaVe the greatest confidence In Mr.  Wilson and Mr. Lowe. After' tho meeting was over some sixty-live admirers  retired to the Central Hotel, where a  ibankiuct was tendered the grand ofll-  .clals. It Is needless to say that after  disposing of the fine bill of fare, a  splendid time was spent in speech nnd  song. The management of (he Central  desonve great praise for their splendid  ���spread, and fully sustained the roputu-  itlon of mine boats. When the toa-st  list was on, Tlie Independent was call-  ��d, which shown bow well It Is spoken  ���ot up In UevelBtdke. I have met a  large number of our old subscribers,  ���who were ���glad to seo "the paper in  person, and I tell you. they made me  feel proud of the little sheet. Kevel-  ���stoke ls very prosperous for ithls season of the year. Tlhe C. P. 'R. shops,  ��� employing some KB imen, always keep  ��� fairly tousy. _ ,  I met several oM Vancouverltes here.  ���Bpace prevents my giving a.full, list  .of them.   However, I will JusHaake  mention of the niiiiehlnist, Bro. Geo.  Downey, well iknown amongsit his craft  as "Geo. IR." He once attended a certain picnic held at North Vancouver  by the I. >M. U.  Mr. Johnson, a well-known blacksmith, formerly of the Termfa.nl City,  a'nd Mr. Ko-'e. locJl agent heie of ,ihe  li. C. Sugar Refinery, also an ex-Van-  couverlte. are doing well in this railway-centre.  By way of an Interjection,' 1 might  say that tho--e vvhispeis of Uupld'-.  .pranks I heard down ai Spence's Buds'-  have already le.irhcd Revelstoke. .Tin1?  (ime. 'however, they apply to a pretty  good fellow by the name of well, hi  is a popular j-oun? man who handles  sweet goods'heie. "Let the mnn who  docs not vv is-h lo bo Idle fall ln love,"  appears to exactly fit matters here.  All 'hands will join in .saying that Rev-  elstoke in this .legaiyl has just as attractive .spots as Vancouver, not even  excepting Stanley Paik In summer  time.  Revelstoke boasts of several tlrst  class hotels. The one, however, that  ranks in the front ro\v is the Ccntril,'  which is run by John and Charlie Ab-  ra'hamson. This place was first established by these gentlemen, in HSS5. In  1S97 they built a commodious and handsome structure, with all the latest Improvements of a thoroughly modern ho-  Hei. 'The rooms are large and elaborately 'furnished throughout. Tlie electric call system, electric lighting, hot  air heating, as well .03 hot and cold  water number among the accommodations to ibe found at the Central. The  dining-room is a credit to any hotel.  This hotel Ihas a large patronage, ibeing  headquarters for mining, commercial  and railway men. The 'Messrs. Abra-  haaiison mre also interested in the Big  Bend country. This mining district  lies to the north of Revelstoge, and,, it  is snnl. the properties .here show up  well. In future they may be reached  'by uhe 'large steamer built expressly  to ply to that country, hy way -of tlie  Columbia liver. When one but realizes vvnat' this means to Revelstoke In  the .very near future it would not be  surprising to see this railway town  grow to a. large city in a ivory little  while. Again, to the south, Is located  t)he great Kootenay country, as well as  the Trout Lake district, another great  mining belt, where Uhe Abrahamson  brothers aie also Interested.' Th.;y  have the leading hotel there, managed  by Andrew and X01U1 Abrnhamso-i.  The 'Messrs. Aibraliamson also are extensively- Interested. In_t'lie_ne_vv_!tavvn  site, whlult liitter place Is bound to  moie than come'up to the expectations  of  the  mosU optimistic resident.  Tnlking everything into consideration  one must admit that Revelstoke ls a  place with au exceptionally bright future, nnd with sui-h ipiogresslve and  liberal-minded people ns the Abrahii.iu-  sons the town must go ahead and no  doubt about lt.  The executive of the Brotherhood ot  Railway Truckmen iheld 11 meeting .ut  Revelstoke on .Monday nlglul. Joe Lennon and the tegular delegates for this  district wore nil .present.  WORLD'S TOBACCO USERS.  According to recent .statistics the av  ernge consumption of tobacco by eiu-'n  IKM'ston in the 'Various countries Is as  follows: Netherlands, 3,400 grammes;  United States, 2,110; Belgium, 1,532-  Germany, 1.483; Australia, 1,100; Austria and Hungary, 1,330; Norway, 1,333  Denmark, MS; Canada, 1,030; Sweden,  91tt; Blramce, S33; Russia, 910; Portugal,  830; England, 680; Italy, 635; Switzerland,-610; and Spain, 550. ;  PROPOSED BARBERS' ACT.  The Legislature Will Be Asked to Enact the Following Bill  for the Better Protection of the Public Against  Incompetent Workmen.  For some time past tlie barbers of Vancouver liave hud under preparation an  net for tlie better protection of thoir trade rtnd tbo public. It lias been printed  nnd is now being circulated among tho Drafters throughout the province ami  members of thu Legislature. Replies so fur tfoeeived are of a very cncounltfing  nature.   Tlie following is the Act in full:  His Majesty, hy and with the advice and consent of tlie legislature Assembly  of the Province of liritish Columbia, enacts an follows:���  1. This Act may hi cited as "Tho Ii.irber's A-st, 11)02."  2. Nothing in this Act contained sliall npply to of affect any person who is  now actually engaged, within the Province of llritiirfr Columbi��rin the occupation of barber, except as hereinafter provided.  3. A Board of Examiners, to consist of three persons, is hereby created,  whose duty it shnll be to carry out the purposes and' enforce) the provisions of  this Act. Said Board sliall be appointed by tlie Lieutenant-tiovernor'-in-Council,  within thirty days after this Act takes effect, and the-members of said Board  shall be appointed by tlie Lieutenant-liovernor-in-Omieil from competent  barbers of tlio Province of British Columbia, who must lie cituens of snid Province for at least three years prior to their appointment,-and must have had a  practice of at least five years at the said occupation, prior to their Appointment.  ���1. Eaoh member so appointed sliall first obtain a certificate as to hie-qunli-  iication from the Provincial Hoard of Health, as to his knowledge of contagious,  infectious or inoculations diseases, sufficient to enable such member to'pass  judiciously upon tlie qualification of others in the occupation of barber.  5. Each member of said Board shall serve a term of three years, except' in  the cases of tlie iirst Board, when tHey shall serve for the term of one, two and  three years, as specified by the I.ieutenant-Governor-iii-Counuil in his appointment, and each shall hold office until his successor is appointed and qualified1,  and each member of said. Hoard sliall take and file, in the ollice of tho Provincial  Secretary, tho constitutional oath of otlirc, before entering upon his duties as'  such examiner.  (I. The snid Board shall organize and shall choose one of''its members as-  President, and one as Secretnry, and e-ne ns Treasurer. Each member shnll file-  with the Provincial Secretary a bond with sufficient sureties in the penal sum of1'  one thousand dollars, conditional thnt he will well nnd truly pay all moneys received by him in compliance vvith the provisions oi this Act, and otherwise  faithfully discharge tlie duties of such. ^ ;  7. The vacancies upon said Board, ennsed by the death, resignation or  otherwise,shnll be filled by appointmentby tliuLieutenant-Governor-in-Council,  from the same clr.=s of persons to vihich the retiring member belonged.  S. The said Board shall have its heaxiqnartcrs at such plnce as the Board  mav determine; sliall liave a common seal,and the members thereof and each  oi them shall liave power to administer oath and tako testimony iii all matters  in relation to tlieir duty.  il. A majoritv of said Board shall constitute n quorum, und ��nid'Board mny  adopt ������uch rules, from time to time, as may be necessary to the orderly conduct  of all proceedings taken and had before it.  10. Each member of suid Board shall receive a compensation of Five ($5)  Dollars per day, and railway faro, for ai'tui'.l .services rendered as a member of  said Board in attending the meetings of "aid Board, wliich compensation shall  be paid out of any moneys in the Hands of the Treasurer of snid Board', after an  allowance thereof by the Board upoiunn itemized nnd verified claim thereof be-  in" filed vvith the Secretnry by tlie member claiming the same; butinno event  shnll any'part of the cxpen(-os of said'Board, or of any member thereof, be p.iid  out of the Provincial Treasury.   AU'cxpeiu-es to be incurred in this Act shall be  at the cost of the Board, to be paid out of the funds mentioned in Section   in ease of deficiency, to be levied by assessment against the members of the  Association.  11. The said Board shall report, to the Provincial Secretary on or before  the first day of January in each nnd oven1 year, a full statement of the receipts  and disbursements of the Board during the preceding two years, nnd also a full  statement of its doings nnd proceedings, aiid'ench recommendations as to it may  seem proper looking to the better carrying out of the intents and purposes of  this Act. Any sum in excess of f2oQ, vihich, under tlie provisions of' this Act,  mny accumulate at any time, in tho-Treasury of suid Board, shnll ho paid by the  Trensurer of snid Hoard to the Provincial Treasurer, to he retained by him ns a  special fund for the fnture'niaintennnue of said Board, to be disbursed by him  upon warrants signed by tho President and Treasurer of said Board 'ami under  the seal thereof.  12. Said Board shall hold public examinations at least two times in each  veur and not more than four times ii] at least three different cities in this Province at such times nnd places ns it may determine; notice of such meetings to  be given by a publication thereof, stating tlie time and place when such examination will be held, nnd notice to be published in at least one newspaper of  "eneral circulation in the district where such examination is to be held1.  Vi. Anv member of said Board,, when the Board is not in session,, may examine applicants, and in case nn applicant is found competent, grant him a  certificate of qualification, permitting him- to practice burhering until the next  regulnr meeting of the Board, and1 no-longer, upon the payment of a-fee of Three  (*3.00) Dollars, which money shall bo turned over to the Treasurer of said  Board. But no person who has been rejected by the Board, sliall Ibe granted a  certificate except upon the signatures of two ,of tlie members of the Board. Ii  an applicant fnils to puss nn examination, the snid applicant shall nobpractice as  a bnrber in the Province of British Columbia for two years Irom the>date of such  failure to pass said examination.  14. Every person now enguged in the practice of barbering imthe Province  of British Columbia, shall, within sixty days after this Act takes effect, file with  the Secretary of snid Bonrd, an affidavit setting forth his name, residence and  length of time during which and the places wliere he has practiced'such occupation nnd shall puv to the Treasurer of said Hoard, Six (ifli.OO) Dollars. His certificate of registration, entitling him to practice, snid occupation, shall thereupon  be issued lo him, said certificate to expire at tlie end of tlie yenrin which it was  issued; the fee for renewal ot said, license shall be $3.00.  shall be empowered to^call upon tlie Provincial or Muhidpal Boards of Health  to declare said shop a 'public nuisance, and should the proprietor of said shop  fail to abolish said nuisance within a period of thirty days the Board of Examiners provided for in this Act shall be empowered tb call ui>on the aforementioned Bonrd of Health to abolish the aforenamed public nuisance.  IU. It shall be unlawful for nny person wlio shaves or cuts the hair of another afflicted with syphilis, eczema, blood poison or unv skin disease, to again  use his tools, combs, brushes, towels or water without first subjecting them to  such disinfection us will absolutely remove all viVus, scale or filth that may bo  thereon. .      ,  20. Tt shall bo unlawful for any person who is-' not a duly registered barber '  under the provisions of this Act,'to conduct a barbel's' school "or give insMictiort  in the art or business of a burlier.  21. Said Boar'I shall furnish to each person to tf-.om a certificate of registration is issued, a card or insigniu, bearing the seal ol tlie Board nnd the signar.  ture of the President and Secretary, certifying thut the holder thereof is entitled  to practice the occupation of barber in thia Province; imd it shall lie the iruty of  the holder of such card or insignia to post the sninc I'onsrj-icuously in front of his  working chair, where it will be readily seen hy all permits whom he may serve.  22. Nothing in this Act sliall prohibit any |K>rson from serving as an' apprentice in said trado under a barber authorized to practlcu the same under tliis-  Act, nor from serving as n stodent in any school for the teaching of such trade  under tho instruction of n qualified burlier.  23. Snid Board shall keep a register in wliich shall be'entered tlie names of  aU']>ursons to whom certificates'are issued under this Act, end'Mid register shall  Ik) at all times open to public inspection. '  2-1. The officers of the Provincial nnd Municipal Board*of Health aro hereby empowered to enter nud examine into tlie sanitary condition of any barbershop in tliis Province, and to observe the sanitary methods u*X'd VV barbers. -  25. To shave, trim the beard or cut the hair of any jict'-oii for biro or reward received hy the person performing such nerviccs, or any other person, shall  be construed us practicing tlio occu]>alion 01 Irarber within" the meaning of this  Act.  20, Any person practicing the occupation of burlier without having obtained-!* certificate of registration, ns provided by this Act, or'wiKully employing a b'.trber who hns not such a certificate, or falsely pretending to be qualified .  to practice such occupation under this Act, is guilty of a .nisdemuiuior.and uport  conviction thereof slnvll be punished by a fine of not less than Ten..$10) Dollars,  or more than One Hundred ($100) Dollars, or by imprisonment in-tlio Provincial  Jail for not less than Ten (10) Days, and'not more than Ninety (90) days.  ' P. 0. BOX 'XX. ��� "PHONB J79.  W. J. ^cMBLLAN & Co**  AVlIOLESALE   ACI3NTS FOR  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGJ&RS  MONOGRAM, MARG UERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL .TUSTJLLO,  EL CONDOR, SARAXTIZABtfS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexnndcr Street mill Columbia Avtnue, Vancouver, B. C.  Union Directory,  THE VAJJCOUVEW TRADES" AND  1-a.bor Council meets first and! tln'rd  Thursday In each month, at %:'M D. m.  President, XV. 3. Lamrick: vice-piesiilont,  P. J. Russell: sccietavy, T. H. Cross; financial secretary, J. T. I_llloy; treasurer,  C. Crowder; ser(je.iiit-at-iirni3t. C. J.  Salter; statistician, J. II. Browne.  STRBKT RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, <H>rner  Westminster Avenua and Hastings-Street  at S p. m. President; G. DicKIe; vie&iprc-  sldent, John Frlzzcll; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, 111 Vanderwalkea: conductor, Ed. Manning; warden, D. Smith:  sentinel, T. Dubbjrley; delegates- to  Trades.and Labor Council.-John fearey,  Jas. Barton. Geo. Lenfeaty, G. DH>_bi#  and H: A.  McDo;s*ld.'           with the provision of this Act, and it shalf be the duty of all County Clerks to  register such names in a book tojio kcj-t for that purpose.  e 10.   Knch person,  n, on filing his application for exnniinntionv shall pav to the  Trensurer of snid Board the stmi_of Six S.li.00; Dollars, which sum sliall lie re-  Advertise in Tbe Independent.  Uirnod'iii ciise said applicant shall fail to pass, .and also in case a certificate is as  in section 13, then the sum of Three ffS.OO! Dollars only is returned. Such payment shnll constitute a part of a fund to pay the comiiensation and expenses of  the Board, and such applicant shall present himself nt the next regular meeting  of the Ronrd for the examination of .lpplieants, whereupon the Board shall proceed to examine such person, and being satisfied thnt he is above the npe of  ei'diteon "18; yenrs, of good moral character, free from -iniihigious or infectious  diseohes, has either (a) studied the I rude for three (3) years, as apprentice, under a qualified and practicing luirber, or (b) studied the trade ior nt least three  (Si vears in f. properlv appointed and conducted barber school under the 10-  siriiction of a competent burbor, or (���:) pr.ictiwl the trade _ in another jirovince  for nt lenit three (3) vears, and is piw.--.--wd of tlio requisite- Hkill in said trndu  to perform all tiio duties thereof, including his ability in the preparation of  tools shaving, lmircutting and nil the duties and services un-ident thereto,.nnd  i�� noW'Shod of sufficient knowledge ciiiicerniiig tho roiumnu diseases of the-face  ���1111I skin to avoid the aggravating nml .sprending thereof in the practice o* said  trade, Iub mime shall be entered i>v the Hoard in the riveter bereinufUw provided for, and n certificate of ri'gist nil ion shall .be issuwl i<> him, aiitlwniting  him to practice said trade in this l'rovince; nrovtJbil, that whenever it m-iM-ani  thai applicant has acquired his knowledge of wul' trade 111 n barber school, the  Hoard shall be indices of whether said burlier school is pn-'-erly a|---out-xl and  , . .'       ^  __.. . il....   ,,. ..!*._. u>. _K_.!,...��  ��v.,,,,,*,,�� iti a>>.kl,  4 mm,l.i  conducted,  17.  granted  aBai-Wcon^^ or spwarting thereof; iii tlie practice of  the occupation aforesaid, or (e) violation of the rules of the Hoard numtionod in  section tiiree (3) of this Act; provided, that before any certificate be, so revoked,  the holders thereof shall have notice in -vrittoa of tho charge or rimrges against  him and shall, at a day specified in said notioo, at leBSt five (5) days after the  service hereof, be jriven a public hearing on said charges, and {nil opportunity  to produce testimony in his behalf, and to confront the wit-weses against lilm.  \nv person whose certificate has beei* so revoked, may, aftw tbe expiration of  ninety (00) days, apply to have the same granted to hiin, upon 11 satisfactory  showing that the disqualification has ceased. -  18.   In the event of a barber shop being declared in. an unsanitary condition  by a member of the Board appointed under the provisions of this Act, the Board  JOURNBYMIl_!N BARBERS' IMT3BRNA.-  TIONAL UNTON, No. 120���President,  G. *W_ [Mines; vice-prseidoiil. Feed! lluwz  coriCbpondinB- financial secretnry, J. A.  Stewart, fil Cordova St; rccoritori C J3-.  Morptin; treasurer, E. 'Morgan; soldo, t>>.  A. Bradley; guardlao; P. 3. Bennett:  delegates to T. & L. Council: G. M".  Isaacs and Fred, ll.utv Meets Itrsi' .-sml  third Wednesdays of each mon tin ini  Union Hall.  THE RETAIL CI-ERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets Iru O'Brion's Hall, the first and  third Trcetlavs of each month.'' T. A.  Phillip. rrc'Ident: XV. J. Lamrick, secretary.  2A1 Frlncosa "trcet.  Tl-IXAUA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  P. M., ciKts every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Forestaro-' hall. Van Anda. President,  R. Attketv;.vice-president, C. A. Melvlllo:  secretarv, A'. Rapf-r. Van AnJft,> B. C"."-  treasurer, H". V. Price: conductor, P.  Hurt: warden. John Linklater.  i_i_u.ks, WALTERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. 2S. President, Chas.  Over; vice-president, "SV. XV. Nelson; recording secretary, Jos. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellender. Meclins every Friday  at 8.30 p. m. In Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  VAiNCOU'R TYFOGRAPHICAC UNKKC,  'No. 22ti meets the Ia_>t Sunday in- euulr  monlh at Union Hall. President, C S'.  Campbell; vico-presidtait, W. 3: McKay:,  becretai-y, S. J. Gotliaxd, P. Oi. Hoar OO;  treasurer, "W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  R. A. Stoney; executive committee, F.  XV. Fowler. J. II. Browne, XV: Brand.  Robt. Todd; delegates to Trades, and  Labor Council, XV. Brand, Hobti Todd.  J. H. Browne; delegate* to Allied Trades  Council. F. A. Fowlor, W. Ji McKay ami.  a J. Martha!!.    UNITED BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS and Joinertf-Moets. every-  secoad'and fourth- Thursday ln Union  Hall, room No. 3. President, G. Dobbh��:  vice-president, J. M; Sinclair; reoordir.*;  secretary, W. TV M.icMullen; finnnciil'  secretary, H.'S. Falconer; treasurer, J.  Forarason; conductor, R. ilaoKeaale: warden! J. McLeod; delegates- to T. and L.  council, Rotot. Maopheroon, G. Dobbin, J.  M. Sinclair.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCLVriON OF  >IACHINTSTS-Bea7cr Lodge,.NO. ISO���  Meets second' and fourth *\Ve<3Ticsday In  each monbi-> in Union Hall. President  Wm. Beer: corre��pM5<3InK secretary, K.  T4mmlTi!>, 72��* Hamiftou street; flnanrtal  secretary, J*.' H. SleVety, iai Seymour  street.  VANCOUVER' FIsn^RiMEN'H-" tJNSOW  No. 2. MScts in Losbor Halll^Homer  street the li.nr Satnrttay in eaclrmouUl at  S p. m. Ernest Burns, president: Cites.  Durham, secretary. Mi Harris street.  JOURNEYMEN. BAKERS' AND, CONFECTIONERS' Intemalion.il Unlon-oC  America, .cacul' Xft *i, Y.injouver, B.  C. PrialiloaW J.imft Wcbsti-r; vico-p��s-  Went, J. XV.. 'Wilkinson:; rccor ling seere-  tnrv,' Miirdo iMneLeiir, 3721 V,*��tmin����er  A-rcnue; flm.nctnl Meretary. II. MoMullin,  Toronto Candy C��.; tr��i��ur3r. XV. A.  Woods. 3.W Ninth' Aw��� OU. Pleasant;  corrcfcpondlt ly socreniry. F. RavvlinKS.  Barnwell Bro��.. Granville '-t.-eet: inns-  ters-iit-al ms P. Msyies and 1-Tvd Bartle;  aelegates tc Trnd*s and Ijilw Council,  F. R.i\vliiig!> and'C. I. Salter. "     ,i  ciGAKMAYcBRS.' TOION' ,NOl 367���  Meets the lirst Tuesday in each montu.  in Union Hall. JTeslilent, A. Ko*eI;  Tite-presideiit,i: P. Crowder: secretary.  6 Thomas, Jr.. MS Onlova streot -west;  treasurer. S.-* W. Johnson: sergeant-at-  arms, J. W. Brat; delegatesi-tojTnU.es  and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Cnrxoer,  c.  Nelson.   BROTHERHOOD OF PAIIJTEItS AN��  DECORAIBORS. Local U _ion No:. IS*.  Meets every Thtrrsilay in I-ibor Han.  President, W: Pairter; vlce-prct-idoirfe��� W.  Halliday; veatusCog secrctasy. L. Gmish,  231 Georgia sti-eei; firancial.vecretary. A-  Gothard, S3i>'Itowe street; .treasurer, H.  JlcSorley.   JOURNEYMiEN TAILOR3' UNION OF*  AMERia'Av No. lTS-OZflet" alternate  Mondays Iniroom 1, UniMv Hall. President, F. "WlUfams. vice-president] Mis*  GTaham; recording seeivtary, H. O.  Burrltt; flna��cial ^ecr'.tary, TValfre*  Larson; treasurer. C U. Nellsan; sei��  seant-at-a.Tms. A.  J.  Kannedy.  andt  Su|)|>ly  Fron Their Nmaima, fcouthfleM ani  ProwoUo�� Island lollieriM,  Sfeam9 Has  and  Hou&e Coal  Ol the Following Gradci:  ncubl* Boreoned Lump,  Run of tli* Mini*,  Washed Nut and  -  BctaaiUrwi  8AMDKL M. ROB1N8, Superintendent.  KVANS, COLBMAS a, BVAN8, AgenU,  Vancouver Cllj, B. C.  soo  LIME  WorBd'��  Seeolc  kmisi RUES.  BEST SCBVKf.  DCLBCI0U8 WINE  MiDK KXCLV81VILY VBOU B. C. FllVK.  FRE8HCITTFLOWERS. UNIONMAPK  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip atoand the  Park call on  W. D. Jonc* B^nh^%  To all puliiU In Oanadft and the United Blattt.  TUB KA8TEOT AND-BK8T SOnlPl'KI* TRAD*  CROSSING TUX COKT1NKNT.  luiuitas in i__r*>; and cbiiu.  KmpreM ol India , Doe. W  AlbcaUn Ian. M  Kmstwaol Japan JaB. 37  anaevery toiwweekn tbcrcalter.  unumi yea honolhid amd wnuui.  Aoiaagl.... 'i";1!  Moaua J>��-J  Nlowera, Mar.��  and ev��n four weeka tberealtar.  Foot lurther particulate aa to time raUx at  appl-j to  B. I.COTUS.> WMR8BCU,T*t  A.G.P.A. Ticket Agent,  VasawMC, & C. ��>S HaeHUff St.,  * Vancouver, ��. O, THE ISLE OF JERSEY  IfiJL  [  i  1   ���  I I  WHERE THE LAND IS  RICH AND THE  FARMER POOR.  Uleh Ground Rents the Curse of tho lleau-  tlfill Climiiicl Island���Climate Charm-  ine l'*.veii In Novenilier���.t Noontime  Visit���Cau lie' Cninpiirud Only With the  *> l��lun<l�� of tint I'.U^l."  Den Joyce, the charming traveling  Correspondent, struck St. llelicr's,  Isle of ilursey, on��� .November 1!$, mu!  then lie rhapsodizes: -Nov. in ihe  "old clinnnel isle ol* ���Icrsc.v! I doubt  if the "islands of iho blest," if we  could Iiml ilieiu nnd dwell llu-rcin  forevormore, would show ns a lovelier spot or n fairer soiimiii. Jn  truth, if the "islands of the blest"  arc places of rest you need only come  to this pi.ice lu 1111 cl it.  If n. vvornoul worker from n vv lulling, seething city wants to Iiml his  nerves and his head again aft ci' losing tliem at home, here is llu- one  spot of "earth io lonf llimugh  autumn days till he regains them.  The hind of llie island is mostly  devoted to pasturage and potaio  fields. Tho dueling, living green  of its pastures is never seen except  on the Pacific coasL in Oicgon,Washington and Brilislt North Anu'iica.  Autumn lingers until .January. Roses  bloom outdoors until Christinas, not  luxuriantly, but here and there one,  fair and sweet as the liiigoiing  image of a happy dream after you  have awakened. Heliotropes and  fuchsias keep the roses company,  ���while the glory of Jersey chrysanthemums in November is ono of the  pictures tlint a mere pen cannot  paint.  Great heaps of apples dot the  orchards, waiting to be crushed into  cider, and the pleasant, aromatic  smell of Hie pomace fills the air, the  bees buzzing all about to suck the  honey  from the  rich  juice.        Black  Till'. JI'.IISEV I'AKMP.U'S   UAUGI1T1.1:.  'and white magpies, largo as half  grown chickens and noarly ns tame,  hop and feed in the pastures and  Burdens.  The soil throughout the island is  as rich as that of ihe best market  gardens in the world. Here is the  native home of ihe unrivaled Jersey  cow, here aio llie best apples in Britain, albeit not neaily so good as  those of Canada. Tho climate is  so mild that farm work may be  carried on outdoors the year round.  Jersey furnishes curly potatoes to  the whole United Kingdom and gets  top prices for them.  An unlimited supply of fertilizing  material is cast up by the sea without money and without price, and  now as 1 write the beautiful roads  are frugrant vvith the trailing kelp  and salt water weed spilled in tho  highway or dumped in rows alongside the fields. Jersey farmers get  their potatoes out of the ground the  middle of May; then the rich soil  invariably returns them .mother  bounteous crop of turnips, barley,  cauliflower, etc.  Why doesn't every farmer in Great  Britain, then, migrate to Jersey and  get rich? Listen. The farmers of  this generous and beautiful isle arc  nil in debt, struggling hopelessly,  toiling like slaves���yes, nnd living  like slaves too. Why? Because of  the awful rents the landowners wring  from ihe tillers of the soil. Fifty-  dollars an acre is the annual rent ���  rent, mind you, not purchase price���  ��� of-a pond-Jersey, farm.      I have a  friend who is one of the i dicers  of the Jersey Horlicultuiiil Society,  an expert farmer, gardener and  dairyman. 1 called on him at his  homo before writing this letter. i  met his eldest daughter driving to  town upon a milk wagon, taking the  morning's milking to custoinci.s in  St. HoMer's. When I arrived at the  house I found ._ second daughter  feeding the rulvrs and attending to  live stock. 1 lingered in the orchard and garden till noon, for J  did not wish to interfere with the  girl's lubor. At HI o'clock I saw  ��� my fai'iui'i' friend, his wife and the  children whom I had not nlicudy  met returning from the Held, where  every one of tlieni. wife and nil, had  been' digging, hoeing, hauling nnd  working at this, that and the other  bnck breaking l"'ld labor.  ��� My friend, i know, would, havo invited mo lo their farm dinner il he  and his good wife had not been ashamed lo. If J had caught a glimpse of that farm-table, 1 would have  'seen a board without cloth or  serviettes, a howl of soup i.nd some  loaves of bread, 'with perhaps slices  of bacon; no milk, no butter. no  crenm. The Jersey farmer keeps  only one milking in the week for his  'own family,-and that is on Hiiinlny.  The merciless rent lakes all his substance, and thus it. is'"o be a farmer 'tilling the most fertile soil in'the  the plcnsantost climate that Great  Britain' possesses.   SiZ'- of  liruMi Ami'rioa.  British America is about .'100,000  square n>i'<-s greater than tho United  Eitatcs.  HE STRUCK THE KING.  Vho Record Ilcl.tngtt to  iho Vetrran Lsird  Wumyss, Wlio Lately Coltibrat��-il Ills  H-iu.-tlni-.l r.li-iluliiv.  It is not often that a subject can  claim to have struck a king and yet  survive and be accounted the most  estimable of nien. But this record  belongs to tho veteran Lord Wemyss,  who has lately 'celebrated his eighty-  third hirllidny, says London M.A.I'.  It vvas one night last year in the  House of Lords. The Kinc thin  heir apparent, vvas seated on tho  I'i-oss benches listening to the debate:  Immediately behind him vvas Lord  Wemyss,  who in the course of     the  FEW OFFEND KAISER  " LE2E MAJESTY" PROSECUTIONS ARE  GROWING LESS FREQUENT.  IX A lililiST Ol' Kl.OQUF.NCK.  sitting rose to address the House.  The mutter under discussion vvas one  near his hear I. and his earnestness  betrayed him into wild, waving  movements of his arms, which the  amused spectators observed more  than once to menace the Prince's  shining hat.  The veteran peer, however, did not  notice the (lunger and at last in a.  burst of eloquence brought his arm  around full circle and hit the Frince  full on the crown of his hat. driving  it almost over his eyes. The profuse apologies of tho earl woro mot  with a. good-luiinored smile from the  victim.  WATCHING A PHILOSOPHER.  A  Woman   Seiglilitir    VMin   1 lious:lil   Sir  li*i'.r >i'wlon Cra/.\.  When Sir Isaac Newton went to  live m Leicester I'lace, his next door  neighbor was .1 lady, who was much  puzilcn by the 11 Hie she observed of  the philosopher. One of tliu fellows  of the Hoyal .Society of London called upon her one day. when, among  other domestic news, she mentioned  that some one had come to reside in  the adjoining house, who, sho felt  certain, vvas a poor crazy gentleman. 1 elates Golden Days.  "Ho djverls himself," she said, "in  the oddest way imaginable, livery  mornirg when the sun shines so  brightly that vve are obliged to draw  the window blinds, lie lakes his seat  in front of a tub of soapsuds, and occupies himself for hours blowing soap  bubbles through a common clay pipe  and intently watches them till they  burst. He is doubtless now at his  favorite amusement." she added. "Do  conic'and look at liini."  The gentleman smiled, and then  went upstairs, when, after looking  through the window into the adjoining yard, he turned and said:  "My dour madam, the person whom  you suppose to bo a poor lunatic is  no oilier than the great Sir Isaac  Newton, studying the refraction of  light upon thin plates, a phenomenon  which is beautifully exhibited upon  tho surface of a common soap bubble."  This anecdote serves as an , excellent moral not to ridicule what wo  do not understand, but gently and  industriously to gather wisdom from  every circumstance around us.  Return of tlio "Little Milliliter."  A sequel, with apologies to J. M.  Barric.  Willielm lias Broadened���Same Reasons  for the Chiliiue Noticed iu tho Lust  Fow Yours ��� Styles of Wearing tlio  Moiistiicliu in CtTlliany Snid to : Huve  Simui�� From lluiser's lCxiimple.  All the gallants of Germany, especially those of military, predilections, aro said to have hml a  diilicult time in following where'the  Kaiser led the way of moustache  growing. Tho vagrant moustache is  forcibly eonlimil lo Uie place wanted by means cl strong unguents, and  after the oidc.,1 is over ihe cultivation continue nig! 1 and day 01 llie  hairs will go b.u-v ,n their natural  position. So iiiiii.ii of the time and  llie attention of the masculine gender in Germany is devoted io this  important duty that one soon ceases  lo notice when a man in u slreet  car or in a caie, or on n bench in  tho park, takes a pair of tiny hair  brushes out of his pocket and pro-  coeds to discipline his moustache.  Not only aro brushes made for this  purpose, with uncommonly still bristles, but si variety of other appliances are offered for salo by bnrbois,  druggists and in the shops where  perfumery and toilet"1 articles are  sold. Several ingenious devices are  to be worn while sleeping. One of  them looks like a gag, another    re-  ^T      U  C.r.ItMAN MOfSTAClinS.  scmblos a miniature hammock���  a strip of network with rubber bands  at cither end which arc lo be attached to the ears. Other arrangements suggest the face armour of a  footbalTplayer. The result is startling in some cases, but one becomes  accustomed  to almost anything.  .The accompanying illustrations will  convey an idea of the variety of  moustaches lo be seen upon the  sirouts of Berlin, and'somo of them  appeared in the paper which was  suppressed by the police. "' iiut that  act was no more silly than sonic ot  the oilier aricsts for lc/e majesty.  Early in tlio reign of the present  cm����rtir a respectable girl of 11) nt  Biesl.ui was sent lo jail for merely  criticising a picture of llie Kaiser  which was exposed on an advertisement in a shop window. At Cologne  a girl of 17, of excellent character,  was imprisoned for six months because she tore to pieces a portrait  of tlie Kaiser which had formerly  been tacked "to the wall of hei own  room Herr Trojan, editor of  Kladdcradntsch, a comic paper, served a long sentence for publishing a  cartoon representing Julius Caesar,  Alexander the Gical, Lconidas and  other warriors ,of ancient history reading a speech delivered by the Kinporor in  which his majesty said that no man  could bo a soldier unless he was a  good   Christian.  The story i.s told about the arrest  of two men in a cafe who were  overheard to declare that the emperor was a fool nnd a jackass.  When arraigned in court they declared that they referred to the emperor of China,and had so informed  the policeman who arrested thorn,  but the latter took the ground that  The Hev. Gavin Dishurt Ropc-  bery receives bnck the keys  of      the        "Manse." His       re  ception by the eldeis, however, is  not exactly of what you would call  a unanimous or an- uproariously enthusiastic I'liiiiucler.  A I'lii-iidy.  A policy of absolute, unselfishness,  nnd the proud boast that we can get  'on without the long-expected but  still far off reciprocity on the part  oi others, may be all very well in  theory, but not in practice. Fure  free trade is an,admirable policy theoretically;'lint maintained.) by the  nation against a.11 it surely becomes  a parody of the ideal.���Ficldcn'sMa-  gui-ano, London'.-' '   , ���  Vaccination Concerts.  There is a ' smallpox scare in England, and an ingenious; . vicar in  Kenf'has devised'"Vaccination concerts"', for .the hop-gatherers. A band  plays in a big tent, and in a smaller  tent arc vaccination oflicers, while  tho vicar and his assistants go  through the audience urging the desirability of vaccination.  21 years or age sent to Jail during  a period of eleven years for hnvinp  shown disro'J^et to their sovereign  When the' emperor did anything par  ticulurly sensational theie was formerly an epidemic of prosecutions for  lezo majesty, and the jails would  be Idled with editors, cartoonists  and others, who made sport of him.  When he published his famous war  song more than 100 r.nsiciuns and  others were punished for unfavorable  criticisms, but such things no longer  ^���-sifes^    -SRS^Ji  MOI'.i: GKISVIAS MOUSTACHES.  occur. lt is only serious demonstrations of discontent or hostility  that receive tlie attention of tho  courts.  Notwithstanding tho severity of  tlio law and the widespread disaffection with tlie Government, no attempt has ever been mnde to assassinate William IL, although two assaults havo been made upon his sacred person within a year, and his  grandfather several times narrowly  escaped vvith his life and was twice  wounded by assassins.  AN AWFUL EXPERIENCE.  DrnBjoil More Than  ��  Mile Tlironeli tlio  VVnTos or tlio sen.  Many a good ship has been wrecked  nnd hundreds of brave, sailors have  lost tlieir lives on the treacherous  sands of tho Capo Cod portion of the  Massachusetts coast. This vvas the  fate the other day of the British  schooner John S. Parker of St.  John, N.B., loaded vvith lumber,  which went aground on n bar in  Barnstable Bay more than a i.iilo  from .shore. Captain Charle-, of the  Orleans life saving station vvas I'.ade  aware of the wreck by a torch burned on tho doomed vessel. The sea  was so wild that no boat could live  in it, and it was r.eces-.iry to fire  out tlie     life     lilies io 'he schooner  SARDINE   INDUSTRY.  A VISIT TO THE PICTURESQUE BRETON TOWN OF CONCARNEAU.  Ilmv tho loothsnKe I.lttle rlih Are  Ciiuzlit, Trepurrd und Tinned���Women  und Girls iln Most or the Work Connected With the Cunning���The French  Mii'dine Noted for lie Flavor.' ,'  Brittany is the ccntro of the sardine industry, its canneries giving  employment to moro than 20,000  lisliennen and to -1,011 bouts. Con-  carneau is the rendezvous of a largo  part of this immense Hoot, and when  the harbor i.s filled witli the picturesque fishing boats it is a scone to  delight tlio artist's eyo. The unique  costumes of tiie Breton men and women relievo the scene of any sordid  commercial aspect. They seem to bo  celebrating some holiday rather than  to be engaged in tlie work of footling  liini'.'ry hordes all over the earth.  The fishing is done vvith gill nets  dyed green, whicli when hung from  masts to dry add to the romantic  appearance of the quays. Tho dyeing  piesorves the nets and renders them  less conspicuous when in the water.  Tliey are kept in the water by cork  (louts andv numerous sinkers.  Taking sardines i.s a "shore fishery" nnd is carried on within a short  distance of tho homo ports. The regular fishing is done only by day.  The lish aro landed a short time after they are caught, ond no ice or  otlier preservative is used on them,  as they roach the canneries within a  few hours.  The first cannery was built about  fifty years ago, and since that timo  tlio    sardine    industry    has    grown  DRAGGED THIlOunil TIIK VVAVHS.  from a mortar. Tho six men comprising tho crew -\-ero then drawn  ashore through scelhing billows a  distance of more thnn a mile. Captain Charles and his crew of life-  savers dragged the life saving apparatus two miles to a point where  the vessel could be seen,' and at the  first trial the line sent out fiom tho  mortar fell ovcr the .schooner, and  after it had boon made fast the  breeches buoy was sent. away. lt  reached tho schooner all right, but  the sea vvas running so fiercely and  the northeast wind bore down so  heavily that the men of the station  could not pull the buoy with its human freight to the shore. Finally a  horso was hitched to the line, nnd  the first sailor was landed, and the  others'woro rescued in the same way.  LILLIAN NORDICA.  KMri'iioi: wiM.iAvi  such epithets wore not likely to be  applied lo any bin iMiipcinr William 11. of Geiiuaiiy. Tho humorous  side of Hie explanation sti lick several incautious edilois, m> ih.it not  less than a dozen persons wero con-,  viclcd of leze majesty in connection  with that inn; ulHiir.  A certain Gei'iiiaii-Ainerii'an, from  Chicago, while exuled ui'.li wine in  one of ihe Berlin uifes expressed with  great freedom his opinion of  the Gorman Government .mil Em-  peror William. His reni.iiks were  overheard by two otllcuils silling  at an adjoining table, who filed a  formal complaint, to tlie police. The  Anieiicun ambassador succeeded in  securing (lie release of the culprit  wilh great dillicultv, , but was . io-  qgired to give an assurance that ho  would leave Germany at onco.  A gentleman who lias kept track  of the newspaper' accounts of prose1  culions and the official rcUiins of  convictions published in the regular  reports of the Judiciary, has n record  of SI, 103 sentences of imprisonment'  since William H. ascended the throne  in 1S89. They average threo months  each, and represent "a total of 2,-i  212 years or imprisonment. Among  those convicted wero seven childicn  under 10 years of age, eighteen between 10 and 15, forty-eight between 3 5 and 18, nnd 1S3 between  18 and 21.     In all 25G hoys under  The   Only   1'llmu    Dnnnu    Who   Sings  a  Mti-o .Vl^lmly.  Some of the newspapers are making  ,a sensation out 'of the fact that Lil-  diau Nord'ica, whose real name is Lillian Norton, sings a "coon" song  occasionally. The  great sopran*  *    ���"*��� ' k-C ��_>_ a'*^^��b  *����� . *   --,  l.ll.l.lAX MIllDlCA.  gave her Toronto audience one last  week as nn encoro, a lullaby, which  was very pretty, and no ono Was  horrified. A boom in coon songs  will naturally follow. .    i  lull  IluuUr,. I'liliiiulllij-,  The controversy ns to tho wearing  of tho . tall silk hat1 waxes warm.  Lord Ronald Sutherland Cower adds  his views in, a long article in the  London Tattler. "First;" he says,  ,"I believe that headgear to bo unhealthy, it is liud for, tho outside  and, ,the inside of tho liqnd., Baldness, which, Is'so universal in what  are called the, upper classes,'iu contract to '(he, linir-covored scalp of  ,tlio, no,orcr, is uiuinlf;', due ,to' the  .lull, hat. , .A/i to ; bad - effects on the  brain.' there is the high authority of Dr. Forbes Winslow. who -says  tliut. the wealing of iho Ml' hat is  partly the reason tor iiv-i.nilv.w'.iiih  i'j on tiie increase."  viiKNcii SAiimxi: no.vis at quay.  steadily until now it is the chief  support, of the largest proportion of  the inhabitants of the country  uround the bay of Biscay. Tho factories are 'generally large stone  structures, some of them having a  capacity of a quarter of a million  lish a dny.  When the fish ore taken to the factory' they tire spread on large tables,  where they are sprinkled wilh salt.  Breton women, In their little white  caps und big aprons, stand about  the tables waiting to dress the li-h.  They hold the little fish in the left  hand and with a knife in Hie right  rip oil , the heads, most of the  "works" of tho lish going wilh the  heads. The bodies drop into one  basket and the refuse into another.  The refuse is sold to farmers, who  use it as fertilizer.  After the lish are cleaned they are  thrown into large tubs containing  strong brine. Here tliey are left  from a half hour to an hour, depending on their size and quality.  They aro then taken in small wicker  baskets to iho yuid, whore they aio  washed in salt water while still in  the baskets. Each basket is passed  through two waters. This wnshintr,  which is a short process, removes  scales, dirt and any undissolved salt.  The fish are dried in the open air.  They are taken from the drying racks  to the cooking room and immersed  in boiling oil. They remain <; in the  oil but a few minutes. If the tail  can bo broken oil readily, it is n  sign that the fish are cooked. The  oil is drained off, and the fish ure  ready  to be tinned.  Oil is an important factor in the  business. Two kinds are used, olivo  oil and peanut oil. .It is'said that  cottonseed oil is used"on the cheaper brands of sardines. Peanut oil is  rhcnperjlian^ollve oil;.__It is practically tasteless, and a small qifnntliy  of spice i.s added to it to impart  flavor. The usual ingredients for  each can are two cloves, a broken  liuuol loaf and a small piece of  thyme. The flavoring i.s put into tho  can before Ihe fish, so that the sardines will be'on top when the can  is opened.  Women and girls do most of the  work connected with the canning.  The men catch the fish. Cutters and  packers make 30 francs a week. Tho  solderers, who seal the cans, got 14  francs for 100 cans. A good .soldor-  er can seal from 1,100 to 1,1100 cans  a day. '   i  The exportation of .French sardines  amounts to millions of dollars'  worth a year. The number of men  engaged in the industry is 31,671,  and us Brittany furnishes 20,000 of  tho total number it will bo scon thut  from this litllo port of C'oncarneau  como most of the French sardines  which wo ceo on the shelves of the  grocery stores.  Sardines are canned on almost every scaconst from Japan to British  Columbia and Noya Scotia, but rio-  whero have-the fish . the ^flavor and  richness ^vvhich are i found in tho  French sardine. Tho'sardino gets its  uriine" from ���'the island of'Sardinia,  which'was originally the 'headquarters if the'lish. Now,. however, fow  sardines are caught in the Mcditor-  ranci'.n. -    '.'-,���."   .    v ������->���,,.���    f   ...  Great Britain supplies many  "Brussels" carpets and small foot-  rugs to Turkey.   .  . A FIGHTING GOVERNOR.  Hlnnrsotn's    Kxecntlve,   Who   Wunts    to  Smash ll__ltroud Combine���>kutch ��r  His Intt-rcstinr Career.  Few fights gainst combines havo  aroused more interest than the ono  now on in the northwestern flutes in  opposition to tho consolidation of tho  Northern Pacific and tho Groat Northern and liuiiingl.iii railroads. Governor Samuel R. Van Sunt of Minnesota,! "; who is leading Iho tr.ttlo  against tho roads, says, lie has tho  support of a niun'wr nl other Governors. The affair promises to bo  fought lo a finish nnd will bo a  bitter ono while it lasts.  Governor. Von Sunt hns on interesting career. Ilo enlisted undor  President Lincoln's first coll for  75,000 men, but was rcieetod on account of his age, being     not    quite  GOVERNOlt S.  B. VAX SAM1,  seventeen. Again he tried and was  rejected, but finally was accepted as  a member of Company A, Ninth  Illinois. Beforo he was allowed to  go to war, however, lie had to have  a written permit from his father.  Tho Governor was a groat favorite  not only in his own company, but  throughout the regiment, and vvas in  the thick of many famous battles.  After the war ho studied in New  York city for somo timo and thon  went to Galesburgrand graduated  from Knox college. Soon after his  graduation he wont into business  vvith his father at Lcclnire, la., and  thoy built ono of tho first raft  steamers on the Mississippi.  For a number of years Governor  Van Sunt vvas general manager of  tho Van Sant & Musser lino of  steamboats. Ho wont to Winona,  Minn., in 18S3 and was closely  identified with the city's bost interests nnd actively assisted in all public enterprises. For two years lie  was in the council ns alderman and  vvas the unanimous nominee of tho  Republicans for the ollice of Mayor  of Winona in 1888. Later ho was*  sent to the stale legislature and in  1805 was speaker of tho lower house.  This is his first term as Governor.  ARTIST >"ND ACTOR.  Phil   May   to   no   .Sreii   Acntn lleforo till  Footllclits-i:xcels in the Tour-'  irn.vnl of  Low I.i.o.  While tlio announcement that Phil  May, the famous artist, was soon to  icturn to the dramatic stage interested the large number of admirers  of his work in,this country, tho word  "return" in tlie statement mystified  them n g6od deal, for few in Canada  knew tlml he over appeared beforo  the footlights.  Jt was in 18G4 that Mr. May, then  a boy,    .started    out    to carve    for  !}  Pfll, MAV.  himself an indellible name vvith his  "pencil~and~he-finally-sccut'cd-a-posi���  tion as helper to the scone painter  at the Lyceum Theatre in Leeds.  When there was little painting to bo  done, tho artist was called upon -to  to do duty as a super, and so well  did he like the work that ho bribed  tho.manager with sketches for theatre bills to allow him an occasional  speaking part.  Tho audiences failed to iappreciato  Mr. May's groat acting, however,  and, finding that as a "draw" ho  was better with the pencil, he took  it up again nnd with such success  that he forgot all about tho footlights until recently.  Phil May succeeded Du Manrier as  caricaturist of London Punch, and  his pictures havo mado tho whole  world laugh. lie particularly excels  in tho portrayal of low life, and his  street .gamins and 'Arrys and 'Ar-  riets never miss being amusing.  'Blncriincent Interior Decorations.  Further particulars are published  in regard to tlio possible erection of  tlio mammoth building in the Strand,  says the London correspondent ot  Tho New York Tribune. Frederic B.  Eslor.'the New York promoter of tho  scheme, says that tho sum of M. S10,-  000 has boon set aside in tlio estimates for decorating'the interior of  the dome by tho 'greatest artists of  the day. -, The structure - will bo  known, as .at, present determined, as  tho ' Victorian building, and if tho  authorities approve tho syndicate's  proposals building operations will1'  bo started about Januarv.- THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER, B. C.  SHATTERED TRADITIONS.  Father-ln-law   Brown   Crushed   by  A oil Merited CrltlcUni.  "You young scoundrel!" exclaimed the  unwilling fatlier-in-lnw, Mr. Brown, when  the eloping couple presented themselves  for parental forgiveness nnd a place to  live. "You conscienceless scamp! You  stole my daughter nwny nud disregarded  all the conventional.ties of society. And  yet you nsk forgiveness!"  "You old acouudrcl! What did yon do?"  retorted the new son-in-law. "\Vluit did  you do? You let ns elope and did uot  pursue us on horseback with a shotgun.  You have shattered all the traditions ol  elopements and have blasted all the romance of the affair for us. We might ns  well have got married to the rimity-tiiin-  tum of the church organ and let you pay  the bill. You haven't a spark of appreciation in your makeup!"  Crushed by the merited criticism, the  father-in-law invited thorn in to supper,  for they were rather hungry.���Baltimore  Ameiicuu.  Raw Winds   AND ���  Wet Weather  cause the Colds that cause  Pneumonia and Consumption    .  Consumption  Cure  cures the cold, heals the  lungs and makes you well.  SH1L0H cures Consumption  and all Lung* and Throat  .Troubles; and Coughs and  Colds in a day. Positively  guaranteed.  25 cents.  .   ��  Write to S. C. "Wkixs & Co1., Toronto,  Can., for a free trial bottle.  Karl's Clover Root Tea CureB Headache  v-  '  I was cured of Acute Bronchitis by  MINAHD'S LIJUMENT.  J. 11. CAMPBELL.  Bay of Islands.  I was cured of facial neuralgia   by  HINABD'S LINIMENT.  WM.  DANIELS.. ,  Springhill, N. S.  I vvas cured of Chronic Rheumatism  by MINAHD'S LINIMENT.  CIEOKGE TINGLEY.  Albert Co., N. B.  There is a place for everything in  this old world, but few of us'have  access to an index.  Minarl's Liniment Cnres Garget te Cows.  "Wop jo aii-oil oqi r)U oi\ oi u.woun  uooq sui[  uuiu    injtnn.il     u    A'uujt  SQZBDONTfortheTEETH 25c  Don't try to be funny with people  who aie unable to appreciate wit.  I5o*T7a:'o of Ointments for Catarrh  Thali Contain Mercury,  ns mr-rcury v\ ill suroly destroy tho sonsoo- smell  and comijlct'.ly duruugo tlio vvholo system wiica  outer;.i���- it through tlio mucous surfaces. Such  articles <.hould i.ov or bo uied oxcepton prescrip.  tlons :'rom reputable physicians, as tlio damago  thoy .���������ill do is leafold to tlio (rood you cuu poi-  iblydonvoirom tliem. Hull's Catarrh Curo,  manufactured by F. J. Chouoy & Co.,Tolcdo, O,  contain? uo morcury, aad is taken intorually,  actiiwj directly upou tho blood ond mucous sup  faces of tl.o to stem. In buj ini Uall's .Catnr.h  CnrobosiiroyouficttlioKeiiniiio. It ls tukon  internally, nnd mado in Toledo, Ohio, by F. J.  Chonoy i. Co. - Testimonials f rco.  Bold b-' DrnRRistu, prico 13c. por oottlo.  ilall'.. Family Tills nro tlio bost.  , l)f Scotland's 30,902 square miles,  031 square miles are water, and 0LS5  beach and foreshore, useless for agricultural purposes. .  MAGISTRATE     DAUPIIINE'S     DE-  - l'LOKABLE CONDITION.  Despite Medical Treatment, He Became Weaker and Weaker, Until  lie Could Scarcely Sign His Name  II is somewhat difficult for a man  to support a wifo if tho is lnsupport-  able.  Minard's Liniment Cnres Diplitberla.  3  The    first    tubular    lifeboat    was  built at Wo.vmouth, England, in 1832  SHBBT R80TE    FAST-TIME  TO  MLJP8INTS  VEST._BI.LGYRA.KS  Through dining and sleeping   cars  With close connection for Chicago  , " nnd  all, points  in  Ontario, Quebec, Marilirae Provinces  Eastern and Western Slates  and  Pacific Coast.  'Excursion Tickets via Croat Lakes  For Further Information apply to  any Canadian Northern Agent  Winnipeg City TicLot, Telegraph and 'Prolghl  ollice, m stain St.    GEO. H. SHAW,  Tel. Mil. TriiDlc Manafror  Mr. James Dauphino, of East  Bridgwater, or as ho is better  known us ex-Councillor Dauphino,  has boon a side man for the past  throe years. His health gradually  forsook him, until by dijjrees iio vvas  forced lo give up doing all kinds of  work. He consul tod. a physician and  took a largo quantity of medicine,  but it did him no good and ho gradually grew weaker and weaker. Ilis  duties as a magistrate necessitated  his doing much writing, and being  an excellent ptuiman in his days of  good health, it come very luud to  him when his hand shook so much  he could scarcely keep it steady  enouijli to sign his name. His ���daughter, seeing his deplorable condition,  advised him to try Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills, aud after a bit of coaxing he vvas < induced to try them.  There wns no noticeable change In  Ins condition until he had started  taking the third box. From U��at  on the ^improvement vvas rapid. Ho  grew stronger every day, his appc-  tiU- increaw.d, llie weariness and lassitude departed from his limbs,  some of the lustre of his youth returned to his eye, and by tho time  five boxes were used, Mr. Dauphino  felt a now num. The weight of years  and the burden of sickness havo  rolled from his shoulders, his hands  are now steady and his pen'can imi  as rapidly ns ever, lie ��� attributes  his cure to the ministration of , a"  good wife and Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills. Mr. Daujilhiiic is 73 years of  uge. but feels us young and vigorous  ns- he did j ears ngo, and is ever  ready to praitu in the warmest  terms the health-giving qualities of  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills aro the  friend of iho weak and ailing. Tliey  Mil pass all other medicines in their  tonic, strengthening qualities, and  make weak and Respondent people  bright, active nnd healthy. These  pills are sold by all dealers in medl-  ci'ii-j, or uin lxi had by mail, postpaid, nt .00 cuits por box, or six  boxoa for U2.00, b.v addressing the  Dr. Williams Medicine Co , Brockville, Ont.  Fife is the best cultivated of Scotch  counties, 75 per cent, bping farm  land. On the other hand, Sutherland has less than 2'/-, acres in each  1,000 under cultivation.  Sixteen thousand tons of alum arc  made yearly from .shale raised in the  North of England.  MRS. BARNETT, OF  PLATTSV1LLE, ONT.  CUItEl*    TIIKEE    AND     A    HALF  YEA11S AGO   BY   DODD'S  KIDNEY TILLS.  Further Proof of tho Permnnancy of  tho Cures Effected By This Great  Ilemedy���A most Convincing Confirmation of an Interesting Statement Published in tho Pluttsvillo  Echo in May, 1898.  rintUsville, Ont., Doc. 1C���(Special)���Some three and a halt years  ago, the Plattaville Echo, tho local  newspaper, published quite an extended account of a most miraculous  cure of a well known and highly respected lady, Mrs. J. Barnett, who  had been extremely ill for years, and  who claimed to be permanently cured by the use of Dodd's Kidney  Pills.' This good lady, according to  her own statement, had been a physical wreck, with nervousness, rheumatism in tho left arm, pains.in tho  small of tho back, up the spinal column and back of tho head, through  the eyes, left side of tlie body and  occasionally the right' side. She had  no appetite and could not sleep at  night. The physicians had given  her up and in tliis pitiful and hopeless condition, Dodd's Kidney Pills  found her and completely restored  her to good health without nn ache  or pain. Her appetite retiirn��l as  her general good health improved.  She used in all but twelve boxes of  Dodd's Kidney Pills.  This vvas in tho spring of 1SHS,  nnd today Mrs. Barnett states posi-  tivel.v and in tlio strongest and most  gi.iteful terms that the cure Dodd's  Kidney Pills brought her three and a  half years ago was absolute and permanent ; that sho Is today stronger  and better than she hud been for  years before taking the pills. Nothing could be moro convincing than  this good woman's plain turd truthful statement, and it proves beyond  doubt the lasting character of the  cures effected by Dodd's Kidney Pills.  Tho.source of the river Severn, in  England, 1,500 feet above the .sea,  is a spring of iron water.  In his Vocotablo Pills, Dr. Parmoloo hns Riven  to tho world tho fruits of long scientific ro-  so.irch in tlio vvholo realm of medical hcionco,  combined with now and vulunblo discovorios  novor boforo known to man. For dolicato and  dobilltntod constitutions, l'nrmolco s Pills net  liko it chnrm. Taken in small doses, tho effect  is both a tonlo und a stimulant, mildly oxcitinR  tho socrotious of tho body, giving touo aud  vigor,         0  The ocean is Uie only power on  earth that can make a woman in-  ���dilTerent to her peisonal appearance.  GROWING BABES.  Need Watchful Care lo Prevent Overfeeding and the Evils That  Follow.  CANADIAN PACIFIC-RAILWAY  TIME TABLE  SuultSto. Ilnrlo, Owon Sound, Toronto nml Kustvia Lakes, Monday, Thursday and Saturday   Tutu,, Fri., nnd Sun   Montreal, Toronto, New York ond  Bust, via ull rail, daily,       But l'ortagonudintormcdiato points  dmly         Molsnu, Lao du Donnotund Intermediate points, Thurs, only    rottiiBO 1.1 l'rairlc.liriindoii.Calgiiry.  Kelson and all Koolouuy and  all const points, daily   PorltiKO lit I'nurii), Jlrundou and in-  tornicdinto points daily except  hiiudny   Gludstono, N'eopawn, Mlnnciloca and  ��� iutormodiuto points, daily oxcopt  Kundny  Ruuuuy    Shoal Luko, Yorktoi. and lutormeil-  i.ito points, Mon,, Wed., and Fri,  __   Taos., 'l'liurs., and tint   J iio3.. xmirs., nuu but   Bend Clly, Il.'iinlulii, Uiuioln,Tuesday, Tliur. uud Bat  '.���'..,.  i Mon, Wed., and Fri. ���   Jlordon, Dclorafifo anil Iutormodiuto  lKiiuts daily except Sunday   Nupinliii, Alameda aud iulorinodiato  {wilts, daily except Sniidiiy via  Irundon   Tuos. Thar.', and Sat   Uloukoro, Souiis ond intormedlato  . points, daily oxcopt Sunday ,J.:.'.'  Fipo-tono. Itostoo, Areola and Inter  mediate roinl., Hon., Wed., ond  Fri. via 1'million   Tuci .Thur ,nnd Snt. via Brandon  Frobj .hiro, Ihrsch, Bionf.ut, J2sto  viiu,Tucs.,Thurs���Sat,, via Brand  ou  ;   Inoi. Thur.. fiat., via Brandon..  Grotna.St Paul Chicago,dally ....  Woi.t. Selkirk, Mon., Wod. and Fri...  Tuos.. Th'-ir*.., and Sat   fftoaov.all, Toulon, Tuos., Thnr., Sat.  . ISatur.on, Mon., Wod.. and Fri   ,(, IV,  LV  1G.00  1(5.00  8.00  7.30  10.80  7.S0  7.30  7.30  .7.50  S.M  7.30  9.03  7.S0  '.JO  11.10  18.S0  12.0)  7.M  All,  lO.ir,  10.13  18.00  18.30  f  H.S0  -120  :2,30  22.30  r  22.30  15.J.  I2.S0  13.13  I'.SO  13.S0  10.CC  18.SC  7.K  LJiO.N'AKl".  Uon Supt  0. Jl McPHKKSON,  Gen. Pass, if-i  'J'l.e ordinary active life of n_loco-  motive lueruges fifteen years.  ' Thero never was, and never will he, a  univeuul p macca, in ono lemedy, for all ills  to which flesh is ho'.i���tha very nature 'of  many curatives being such that wero tlio  germs of other and differently Edited diseases rooted in tho eyolcin of tho patient���  what would relio. J ono ill in tuin would aggravate tho other. Wo havo, however, in  Quinino Wine, whon obtaiimblo in a sound,  unadulterated slate, a remedy for many and  grievous ills. By its gradual and judicious  uso tho frailest systems aio led into conva.  lo=cenco and strength by tho influence wliich  Quinino exerts on nature's own restoratives,  lt relieves tho drooping spirits of thco wilh  whom aohrouio-stato oJ-morbid-dcspond.  ency and lack of interest iu lifo is a disooso,  and, by trnnquilizing tho nerves, disposes lo  sound and refreshing sloop���imparts vigor  to tho action of tlio blood, which,'being  stimulated, courses throughout thb veins,  strengthening tho healthy animal functions  of tlio system, theroby making netivily a  necessary result, strengthening tlio frame,  and giving lifo to iho digestivo organs, which  naturally demand incronsed substance��� result, improved nppotito, Northrop & Lyman,  of Toronto hnvo glvou to tho publio their  Buporior Quinino Wino at tlio ustiul rate, and,  gauged by tho opinion of 6cii.nti_.td, Uiia  wino approaches nearest perfection of any in  tbo market.   All druggists sell it.,  A seal has been known to remain  twenty-flvo mlnutos under water.  ���'"  Tho first    lifeboat    wns built    at  South Shields, England,,and used ou  .liuiuiu-y UO, 1760.     ,    ,   -  -  i    '      -.  Stroct Car Accident.���Mr. Qkm&s Sabln  sayi: "My olovon year old boy had his foot  badly injurod by boltvg ran ovor by a car on tho  Street Hallway. Wo at onco .commenced bathing tho foot vvith Dr. Thomas' Ecloctrlo.Oil,  whon tho discoloration and swelling was ro-  moved, nnd In niuo days ho could nso his foot.  Wo always koop a bottle in tho houso toady.for  any omorgency.'  . ��� .  .   ,  : '. ���-'A- '  Tlio man who hesitates may bo  lost, hut tho man who never hesitates is hard to find.  S0Z8S0NTT00TH POWDER 25c  i r, * .- i�� .���        ...  ���vTh'e Empire of Japan is. 155,000  square miles tn extent. It contains  over 4,000 islands.  /  AH children at some period ot tlieir  infancy aru subject to indigestion,  diairhoea, or constipation. While the  .s.viiiptoins of these troubles greatly  differ, the origin of each is due to the  same cause���improper food or overfeeding. This results sometimes in  ���diarrhoea, .sometimes in constipation. In cither the tientnient is to  remove the cause, and this enn only  bo speedily, safely ami effectually  ���done by the use of Uaby's.Ovvn Tablets, a purely vegetable medicine  guaranteed to contain no'opiate nor  nny of the poisonous stuffs found in  the -so-called .soothing medicines.  Mothers who once use Baby's Own  Tablets for their little ones never after e.\piTinient with other medicines,  n ml til ways speak of them m the  highest terms. Mrs. Geo. I!. Johnston, Wall street, Brockville, sa>.s ���  "Ihave been using Baby's Own Tablets for over a year, always keep  them in the house and always find'  them satisfactory. If my little boyi-  tvvo years of age���in troubled Willi  constipation, indigestion or diarrhoea, t give him the laliflets nnd he  is soon relieved. The tablets regulate the bowels and do not cause nf-  UT-conslipution ns-many-medicines  do. 1 have also found" them beneficial in teething."  Baby's Own Tablets are a certain  cure for all llie minor ailments of littlo ones such as colic, sour stomach,  constipation, indigestion, diarrhoea,  otc. Children tnke them readily, nnd  crushed or dissolved in water Ihey  can be given with good results to llie  youngest Infant. Bold by druggists  or sent post paid at 2!_ cents a box  by addressing tlie Br. WIUmuiih' Medicino Co., Brockville,  Ont.  It is estimated that the saving-effected by tlio world's railways in the  currlngc of goods Ib 2,21.0 millions  slerling a year.  Tho biggest,average farm in. the  world is in South Australia, where  tho average squatter holds 78,000  acres.  Tho, best Cashmcro shawls weigh  seven pounds, nnd cost 51,500. Tlie  hair of tho Cashmoi-e goat is worth  ��12.50 per poum4.  . Lake .Nicaragua, through which the  new canal will, pass,, is the only  fresh-water lake which holds a species "of shark      '    .     '      '  There 'aro -at present' about 5.000  ponies 'In the' Shotlnmls. A true  Shetland,ponyTshould, bo between 9  and 10 hands high.  Send us your name and address on the below request, and we will take pleasure  in smding you free of any charge this SOLID ARIZONA SILVER SUGAR SHELL.  You don't have to buy anything. The gift is unconditicnal. It is a bid for your everlasting friendship and good will, and if you do not read this advertisement through  and answer it at once, it will be a loss to yourseif and a disappointment to us.  fo? _���  TytaaMiT * ' " �� ��� H��tf��VyULF **^���*iiP__Z_^3ffirvT l^S'^T^fC. ^^^^^ ���L���W  ��  11*0  With the Sugar Shell we will send you 6 packages of Standard Elcctine Remedies,  which we wish you to sell, if you can, at 25 cents each. Then return our money, and we  will give you absolutely free a Butter Knife and Pickle Fork, same pattern as your  Sugar Shell, and also a Set of 6 Full-Size Solid Arizona Silver Teaspoons. If you fail  to sell our Medicines, return them to us and retain the Sugar Shell as a gift, it being  free in any event. Our Solid Arizona Silver Premiums are fast superseding Sterling  Silver for Tableware. They always look as well, and wear better; they are the same  beautiful metal all thi way through and are guaranteed for 50 years. There is nothing else  like them except Sterling Silver, and nothing "just as <jood." Now, please don't throw  this paper down and say to yourself,' "I'll write to those Electine people to-morrow."  This is not an opportunity   tO   put   Off   and     jp-��-^9��99^��999��S9S9i����*9995S9dadai99*9a^��*����*aEjj  io.-get,    lust sign and   $    REQUEST FOR sugar shell and medicines.   $  return the attached  re-    $ Electine hedicine Co., Limited, Toronto, Ont.   . $  quest iO-day. that is all *       Ship immediately, fay mail, I Solid Arizona. Silver Sugar ShrUan&Srx25-cenl J{J  L~.,0  tn  J,-.      Ttio * Packages of Electine Remedies. I agree to maki an earoeit'effort to sell the Medl- Ii.  you na.V6  IU  UU-      x lie �� cines, and return you the money, w.th the.understanding that I am to receive for jg  Sugar  Shell and Medl- <fi this service a 'Butter Knife and Pickle Fork, sune pattern as Suaur Shell, and ^  ,!������    ���,;tl    fVion    Ui> (ti also Six Full-Size Solid Arizona Silver Teaspocns.   If I fail to self the Medicine, M>  Cines    Will     ,   , DC 2 I will return it to you within 30 days, and retain the SugxrShell as a gift from you. S  promptly  mailed, post-   | $  paid.   Remember, even   | %  ,e r   .1     . fJ (fi   NAME.    (y  ft   "/OU   tail    tO    Sell    OUr      ^ (WrlteName Plainly, "Mrs." or "PJIIis" 19  Goods, you at least have   % %  an Elegant Sugar Shell,   % address |-  worth 75  cents,  for   % < %  simply making ihe effort.   <* "n 'jT please" write very ���,very,;'plainly ��  i. incerely yours,       %g3e���es6���eee���������������66������66eeeic��<s���������e*�����e66��������>ses���-e���e^f  ELECTINE MEDICINE CO., Limited, TORONTO, Ontario  %C  Q//w>fb���La/  cd&Lu   <��>,  J&^JL  Williams' Pianos .  add lots to Christmas jollity, and few gifts are  moro acceptable. You say you can't afford one?  Pardon us for saying you don't know until wo  toll you our way of securing a good instrument,  on our ensy payment plan���well worth yonr consideration . Santa 01am may j ot visit your home,  WILLIAMS'   PIANOS  ere used exclusively at tho great Hudson's Bay  Coinpany'spianorecitals every afternoon and  evening. Hear them under tho touch of an art-  ist. nnd laon como to us for prices and terms.  We linve somo slightly uted, good instruments  in slod:, for sale cheap.  Forrester & Hatcher,  Y. M. C. A. BLOCK, WINNIPEG.  Kldrid^e "13" Sew.iig Machines.  .,,������, ~~PAGE METAL GATES j���^-^  - - ^uilrtilWftt:.niV!j'>ifT"fc to km- is owlra s:iCor~rLight, nml yot f troiii; onoiigli to sup  :C:3t'l!l--i!f,';1t!:."i::,fiiH"--t- roi'talmi'T man on tho end wliil" hu sv niicd nto:i::d t!_c   ro.HiiswlfflK'KSSslKSi:ri: cucle without c.-msinir them to s-..;.    Thoy me i-.cat ir  - =pH|i"*";>?-::i!:::::';":Jrt- 3- npi>o iriinci-, will luit a lifetime Will not tag nor cut rickety,  2 ~av:_Ji__-..'^ii:;:i;.-:i.''.:ftl- "'*= The) areMtpplictl vith lntelirsnhichnllon* them tobcopon  <aa*Miu>��uM r-.sra.iuuai-i ,j ,.|t'nur way andiiresi'lt'actiuf.  lliucily yoixi me'.al cnti  tlint Is low raonqh in price Tor ft>iii>rul tarm put poi.e>.   V>'o nl-o iiwlio Form and Ornnnicn  Fence. Poaltrv Notlinir, N.-.iN nml Staplm. The Pane Wire Fonco Ci>..Lnnitecl. Walkertiile, On  -..-ii*. ROSS & HOSS, General Agents, Box  (.33,  Winnipeg,  Man.  When n mnn nsks u favor he    nl-  wiiys puts his worst foot forward.  Pnrmoloo's Pills possess tho power of acting  spccillcally upon tho cIisqiimmI oikiui',, stiinul.it-  lurf to action tlio dormant energies of tho  systom, thoreby romovuift diseii'-o. In fact, so  irro.it is tlio power of tins medicino to clciuiao  and purify that disonsos ot almost o.eri njmi>  und n.ituro aro driven from tiio body. Mr, D.  (..���if-wcll, Cnrswoll P.O., 0nt.,��rila3 : 1 havo  tried Parmoloo's Pills, nnd find lliom n-.i o.tccl-  lent uiodlcUio,andouo that ^ill bull well.  Tne tallest nuui in a crowd always  mtuuiges to get well up in the ft ont.  Minard's Liniment" Cnres Distemper.  If n mnn loves a vvoniaa lie offers  to give up Miioking, but if the womnn loves lilm she refuses to loL him  io it >  lt is calculated that Norway and  Sweden have between them 3U3.000  head of reindeer. Fiulund h.u, loss  thnn .l.-),000 in all.  Minard's Liniment Cnres Colds, Etc.  One can never tell by a man's  looks whether ho was disappointed  in lovo or only has dyspepsia.  Clioloru nnd all suramor complaints nro so  quick in thoir notion that tlio cuid hand of  (loath is upon tho victims beforo thoy nro umiro  that dauncr is no ir. If attacked, do not dola>  in cottinn thu proper medicino.-Try a do.o of  Dr. J. 13. Kollotrc'a Duonlory Cordial, nnd >on  will rod iminoili'ito rolief. lt net's with wonderful rapidity, und never Inil-. to ollcct a euro.  The thief who stole a watch, instead of gaining time is now serving  It.  ozodont  Good for Bad Teeth  Not Bad for Good Teeth  Soz&dtoi") ���' - ��� �� " ������ "'* -SI0*  Sozodo&i ToothPowder - ;;25c.  Large Liquid and Powder       -   75c.  Allitorcs or by mail for ths price.   Sample for the postage, ic  25c,  WORK AT HOME.  Wo want tho sor-1  Vices of men, women [  and children to work I  forus.wholeorspare I  time���knitting men's I  __socks and other ar�� f  MStlcles at tholr own [  niomos.    Wo  supply |  yarn   and   material, j  [ and pay for aM work as sont In. Forfurther I  particulars address,  Tho People's Knitting Syndicate,  (Limited), Toronto, Ont.  Alloway & Champion  B>MERS AND BROKERS  WINNIPEG.  Writo to us for prices of SCRIP,  Got our List of Lands.  Stocks aad Eond3 Bought and Sold.  Wo can furnWi tho enact amount of  Scrip for any pajment on Dominion  Lands.  Do not i>.iy cash.  JAMES nODD AKTIIUJt ATKINSON*  HODD&ATK^SON  Flour nml Grain .tlorclinntH,  Eooin 212GrainExchaiiKO, Winnipo/r.  Wo aro buj eri ot wheat for Docombor nnd ��no.  wiry shiiimi>ntfrom wo-,torn points una iislon  Fort V/illiam or Duluth. Our Mr. Jacios Jlpdd  h.ivine n lone anil �� ell ostabli'slioil export FJout  trudo, wo biiociallydosirPcorre^MnilonTOWith  Billors. HODD & ATKINbQV.  lion's, wages in    British   factories  aveniBiu2.'js-a ���wei_k._ngftin">t._.l (i-. _in _  Spain, and 15s in Italy.  The national debt oi Ireland, 130  millions, wiib i-misolKluted with tliat  of I__ii;lniul In-tho year 1817.  THROW OUT  THOSE OLD  BATTERED   FACES  And lot us supply yon with  a cloan cut,modorn lot that  will bright/map yonr pn��os  ond ploaso your  reado.-s  and ndvortlsors.   Writo U3  for ostimntos on anything  in prlntor's material.  : i :  TORONTO TYPE  FOUNDRY CO'Y  175McDormot Ave., Wlnnipes,  11  i     ' ,  ��� XI. N. U. No. 3r>7. THE INDEPENDENT.   _  SATTJREAY FEBRtTA-RT 13, 19��  Over Gaiters  and Leggings  In great variety.    Just the thing for  this cold snap.  Prices to suit everybody. We have  tliem in Ladies' at SOc, 75c, SI, SI.50  and $2. Also in Men's al $1, $1/25,  SI.50, $2 and S2.50.  -      ~~\y som"e evolutionist* hail as -vatlon must be   -voi'ked   oui, not by  forces .w ivlcm somi. <->v.u.   -motrlni. (based  on  brute  W. J. ��HIS?420-422 Westminster Ave  THE SURVIVAL OF THE  ri'l-p-*.  (;.   I ii.   '.Maxwell.  (Continued'from .lust week.)  Two birds eiisasw in aJ "Isn't.    Wlien  Jlifjht was .necessary wo might say .that  the bird ..of swiftest wins w.ill survive,  ��MJl can we say that the best 'specimen  cf- a. Ibird ��iim-Ive.s'.'    Two  men light.  It may lie. true to say fhat.it one can  ' outrun the other, he may live to light  .-.Miotliei-  clay.    But suppose    the    ono  jchould ilcill the other,,can we say that  tlhe best Mian i.s ipres enved Tor -the race?  To me it Is a 'pour, est! mute to put on  wwrflh or excellence,  and .it is  no  Indication   that   those.'who  have   it  are  iim best specimens ot humanity.   Then  iiKairi, this phrase.',means tiie most eun-  . Tiing.    iNo .man   will  say   that   this  is  an-excellence,; or that it Is a trn-.lt in  'character worthy of being perpetuated.  . It may lmve (been...of -some  worth  or  value to "the brute, man,  that i.s- to an  individual ,,In i these  .fair away', days  which the evolp-t.lonist is always raking  "���'������'. na'. and ilioiiHiig before our eyes, but all  Knowdell & Hodgson  512 Granville St., Vancouver.  ��� Dealers in  Stoves, Kangcs, Tinware,  Granitcwarc, Cutlery and  General llouseriiriiisliiiigs  Prices right. Call and see for yourselves.  MAIL OliDEKS receive prompt attention.  types, products', ot retrogression' 'rattier  ���than ot any upward development." ; It  certainly Results  in the same way so  tar as man is concerned.    Looking at  the   struggle   with   all its   .fierceness,  loofting at tho antagonism between the  higher a.nd the lower' elements iln liu-  nia.n  nature,  looking at  what  Is  said  to Ibe the .product of this struggle, 1  endorse the words ot Sir William Dawson, when he says, "As applied to man  the theory of the struggle for existence  and the survival of the fittest, though  the most populair phase of evolution at  present, Is nothing.less than, the bases, t and most :horr.blo superstition.   It  makes men not merely carnal, but dev-  ellsh.   It tu'lees his lowest appetites and  propensities,' anil makes them his god  and creator.    His*'higher   isenllJliiients  and aspirations, his 7>elC denying and  pliUa.iU.hropy, 'his"enthusiasm' for   the  good and .true, all the sufferings and  .struggles of heroes and martyrs in the  view of evolutionists are mere loss and  waste, failures In the struggle of life.  What.'.does,It-give' in exchange?    An  endless -pedigree  of  bestial  ancestors,  without one gleam of ih'igih or holy tradition to enliven  the  procession,  amd  for the future, the;.prospect that, the  -the same no man  in his sober seiises  poor.,,mass of ..protoplasm- whioh con  ���would  call    cunning    a virtue.    Take  your cunning man to-day and who ad-  jTilrcs'hlm?   Take your elite politician.  your cute ..schemer, your cute business  ���main, your man Wlio i.s always by cun-  jringly delv-ised  plnns  or  traps,   trying  to .overreach   his   fellows"  to   get   his  ivny carried out. nnd Who by hls-cun-  jiing enriches 'himself at  Wie expense  of ihis  more  honorable    brother,   who  loves hlni1?   "Who pays tribute to him?  Who 'honors Win?' Js there a man more  despised than'he?    Does he possess the  ���confidence and, the .'respect- of his usso-  <_ia.tes?    Is  he a favorite?    Is  he  regarded as the'best type of <x man?   Not  . __. bit.   In fact the more cunning a man  Is the more he Is detested, reprobated,  and condemned.   Well isn't It nonsense  to call  the survival of such men  the  survival of the -fittest.   Isn't It a p__r-  wdy on  the word?    Does  It    not run  counter to all our ideas of what a man  Should be?   And .would we not unhesitatingly say the unflttest, and not the  fittest, ihave survived.    This selentiilc  .. nomenclature,'and. tho doctrine associated with it  cannot 'be a guide  to  us so far as the present struggle for  existence Is concerned.   To aid, and1 to  ���encourage  a7 struggle that    preserves  such a type of <iiinn would be despicable  iand~would he iirsad commentary on-our  boosted civilisation. It might <be a, comfort to us, it might reconcile' us to this  .struggle to know that  The Fittest  iVhyKlcnlly, morally, Intellectually, and  rmllglously did survive and would sur-  . Vive, but seeing tha't lt ls the opposite,  we cannot look with favor upon thlH  Jsm. Huxley ls forced to admit this.  lie says retrogression is on practicable  us i>i'ogresi-Ivc nietnmorphoHls; that in,  the -survival may menu, the siirvlv.il  not of the fittest, but of the unnttest:  Hint lis, the worst specimens of iiiiin-  Iiood. Again, he says, when describing  Wio struggle, us among these, so among  tjirlndtlve men, llie wisakem, the stu-  UildCst went to the wall, while the  toughest, und shrewdest, those who  were beat (fitted ��� to cope with their circumstances���-but mark, not the bost In  "any. other sense���s-rurvlved. Grunt Allen, "another strong disciple of evolution, but one., ivlio sees, the manifest  weaikness of the doctrine, says, "On the  whole , evolution Is producing higher  and still moTe perfect forin.s of life, yet  contrary to general belief, It does not  always or necessa.iilly result in progress  or improvement; nay, 'the real fact is,  that iby ifar tlie greatest nurrtber or  -jplanta  and animate    are    degenerate  stitutes, t'he sum of our .being, and  wbleh Is the sole gain of an-indefinite  struggle In the pasl, must soon be resolved again into Inferior animals or  dead matter." Such a doctrine then  can never help us to improve or end  the struggle, and can never aid us ln  making socinl conililIons, better. We  must turn to something else. Lel, t��s  now take a. Olinis'tian view, amd to my  view it is the best yet presented. To  bo true to the (highest', in man, and  man, the highest and not the lowest,  must be our standard.  The Best and Not the Poorest.  We mrust deal,with man not according  to what Is lowest in ihim, but what is  grandest, not according to the (brute  but according to the angel that ds In  hlni. What Is .the Christian view? Well,  flrst a man must looi__ after himself.  Thle Individual jiuist ibe right, 'before  ���he can help to make others right. The  Individual Js (fitted and Is In process  of (becoming the fittest tor senvlce.  Second, the great beauty or excellence  of Christianity Is associated '"with the  word others. It lays stress on ibe  solidarity ot the human family. Do  ���unto others as ye would that others  should do unto you. That ls either rank  heresy or .nonsense according to evo-  "man~IS_8avod-thnt-i_ii;- mny  lutlon.   AT  save others. A man Is enridhed that  he mmy enrich others. Freely ye have  recolved, freely give. Thut principle  runs through every phase of life. There  Is no room either for the spirit of selfishness or for the selllsh man. The  mnn who extends ihis barns, fills them,  gloats over them, und keeps .them is  culled a fool. The rich man who neglected the poor, and whoso dogs were  wen kinder and more litumin than he  wiui, Is consigned to the hot place.  There Is one thing which ChrlsUiuiliy  Innlstx upon, and that Is can.- for the  wenlk. The Hunvlval of tho'flttest mentis  every time the survival of the strong.  The struggle Is il struggle between the  strong and tin- weak. The weak are  done for every time. Christianity reverses ihis, and lays It down as a principle that the strong must carry', must  help, and must love (the wealk. Not  death, ibut life, more life must be given  others. .Talke the home. Which ono  ther.e.commands and receives the most  senvlce? The wealkest In It. The young  sem-e the old, the strong the weaik. We  read of Garfield's mother, that when  the meal was getting scarce, tlhe mother denied herself for 'the sake of the  wcaiker. That Is a mighty stnlde in human development.    Were: tbe   brutal  the solvers ot our trouibles to be at  play In our homes, .tlho -weak, the sick,  (he "helpless would die.   How that was  evolved out of the play of brute forces,  how that was developed and grew ln  the ihuman heart evolution -hns no answer, tout- we can say, thut Is a .-product  of Christianity.   1 visited a woman who  had boon sick for mvcr'a yeur.   Evolution would say lot her die.   Christianity  snys, If she will die, she will die only  after skill nnd *:ch>nce havo been exhausted, and after loving hands and  hearts have done tholr most and best  for iher.   And the strong, not In (brute  force, but the strong In love, have been  watching,  nursing,  helping  the Weak:  they have  been' denying    themselves,  they have been wearing themselves out  for the sake of ithe weak.  I don't quarrel with .people about  The Inspiration of the Bible.  It Is litaiature '.my way, and the hls'.i-  ejt minds biwe been indebted to It.   A  main can read it as he reads any other  boolc.   One of iny. favorite chapters Is  Uhe   twenty-llttli of Matthew.    1  like  these words: I was hungry and ye gave  Ule meat,  1  was  thirsty and ye gave  Me drink, I was a. stranger and ye took  Mo in, naked and ye clothed lie, sidk  and  ye  visited  Me.    You,  Lord,  thsy  said in .astonishment.    Xo, not. I,  but  when ye did it onto the least ot these  my 'brethren ye did It unto nie.    Now  every one of these is a case of ���weakness oi- helplessness.    Those    Imbued  with -tlie spirit displayed In the struggle would have said,  let them, starve,  let  Oh em  thirst,  let  them .shiver,  let  them -die.    We haive examples of the  struggle for existence.: Kach is a robbed man.   Somo one stronger has taken  adiviiuvtuse of hlui, deceived, (him,, played  with lilm, got the upper ihand of  lilm-, or by misfortune, adversity, poverty, ilins fallen into 'this helpless condition.   The believer In this -scientific  cult says, let them alone, 'the struggle  Is  going  on,   the  fittest will  survive.  What a mocking voice thnt is.    How  harsh the tones,'how rcpell.in.t-ito the  feelings.    Christianity -says  to Its believers, you dare mot in sight of these  shut up  your .bowels of  compassion;  you dare not withhold your ihelp and  care.   You must strive lo set them on  their feet, to glvo ..them hope, life and  courage.   The (Master says, as I sought  you out, and gave you. the ibest. 1 had,  so go ye and search for the weak off-  .spring ot men, iuikI give tliem the heist  you    have.    -H-jxley   at   'times   feels  ashamed, I  think,  of  this.theory,  for  ho devotes Ibis .best energies to sotting  limits to the struggle!    The primitive  man   tutored by    Istar    appropriated  whatever.."took Qiis  fancy,   anil (killed  whoever opposed Iliiin.  The et'lilt-al mian  is to limit, his freedom of action to a  sphere in .which -he does not interfere  with' the freedom of others; he seeks  the common weal as well as his own,  und  he-founds ihis  life on a-inore cr  less  complete self .restraint  which   Is  the negaition .or the struggle  for existence.   Through -Ohiistlnii'lty the eth-  Icul inan, the    moral mail    lives and  reigns.    Istar has been ilethioned  for  ever.    Our mottoes .Change.   We .say,  live and let live.   Thnt is good so far  as It goes, but Chrlstiu.ulty says,- live  and help others ,to live.   That 1s better.  How often do we hear tho words, look  out for number one, aind 'how miuny  1iliit_k.it is a line'condensation ot earthly wisdom and .philosophy.   I call .that  a relic'of Istajism.   A niaitu who becomes full of this wisdom ibecomes hideously bad and selfish.    I would not  advise my render to live next door to  a man wiho 'believed that w'lth all his  heart, and who,attempted ito put It Into  practice, for'he would lift all, nnd take  all he .could get anyway at all.  The .New Spirit  says:    Do good to all men, and  that  ngress with ti_i6.conac.enc6._of the twen-  tle'th century.   (Every hospital,  every  home,  every asylum, every industrial  means of a doctrine (based on brute  force, but through the teachings of  Him who proclaimed .God the,Father  of all, and that all inen are brothei-3.  | YOU'LL NEED MEAT ; a  CtGAK SWEATSHOPS.  T simply was horrified at what I  saw," declared ill's, Harriet Van Der  Vaiirt, of the Industrial committee ot  the State Federation of Woman's clubs,  aftor a throe .hours' (investigation, of  the west side sweatshops In Chicago,  says 'the Chicago American.  "The luws should be so enforced that  children under It years of age shall not  be permitted to labor, or those of a  legal age irociuired to work more than  eight hours :i day.  "Furthermore, the sanitary laws  should be enforced so rigidly that the  sweiutshop with all Its 'horrors will no'  longer exist."  ���IMrs. Van Der A'annt was accompanied by Mrs. Dr. DcBuy. George ,T.  Thompson, of .the Cigar 'Malkers' union,  piloted the committee 'through (the'various places where men, women, girls  and children were employed In malking  cigars aiid clothing.  At A. Welnhouse'.s place, at 43 Frank  place, the Investigators carefully picked ithelr way down it rickety stairway  Into a dimly lighted cellar. There eight  girls and (boys, some aipparently only  11 or It! years of age, according to Mrs.  Vain Dor Vaart, toiled away at benches,  making cigars for $1 per 1,000.  "Onion oiga.rmalkers receive $S, to $10  for the same class of work," Mr.  Thomson.  Informed   the  committee.  The children snid that 'they worked  from 7 a. in. to 7 ,p. in., and could make  50 cents a day. The odor from the  paste used in -making cigars', was so  sickening'that the women rushed out  into the open air for uclief.  According to Dr. JDeUey the sanitary  arrangements were excessively (l)ad. ���  (Slmilliir conditions were found ut W.  D. Welsbui-g's, 2SS Sou-till Centre avenue,'and Aze Welsburg's, Kl Frank  street, where the cigar Industry wis  also being carried on in ihu'k, illy ventilated cellars.  Permission to visit the factory of A.  Brilliant, ail 74 Wallace street, was refused. Ur. ..Thompson stepped to a  window uund .walked in and their Informed'.the committee of what he had  seen.  "The women were seated around a  cook stovo, making cigars," 'he said.  "A lingo piece ot meat was 'lying on  the sink. This Is contrary to the.factory laws ot Illinois."  "The inost disagreeable experiences  of the day were the visits to the olga.r  factories," said Mrs. Van Der Vaart.  "Tho other place-s were 'bad, enough,  but did not 'compare with the cellir  faotorles,Where children tolled 'twelve  (hours a day for a meagre wage."  Before long now. The best lieaters made J  ���the cheapest to buy and the most eco- v  nomical to use are the  AIR-TIGHTS; AND  BASE   BURNERS.  ���  J made by the McClary Mfg. Co. J'  | Wm. RALPH,126^ Hastings St ��  A SOLE AGENT '  ^ ���*"  McLennan, Mkf ecly & Co*  ���WHOIiBSALE AND  RETAIL. DEAI.EHS  IN  Shelf anil Heavy  ardware  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT. AnTOEJNTriON.  NEW SPRING CLOTHING  Smart garments, every,one of them,.Un worsteds, lAvceds, serges,  etc.  Made nnd tiilinmed in the very best style ot the tailoring:a.rt.  Over $4.0CO In the very best material und latest styles to choose  from, making tho most complete line of fine spring clothing evor  shown on this coast.  We have your exact size in just the cloth and style you like: best.  You oufehit to see ill.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ��> CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street..  Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., Ot>|>. Wm. Ralph's.  KELLY, DOUGLAS & CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  [R5|r Headquarters for   Domestic and imported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  O'AULEY AND DAVIS.  Two old-time trade unionists, Messrs.  L. D. Gauley and William Dnvls, have  formed a partnership and hung out  their shingle. The place is oh Cambie  street, opposite the court house, and  the business to be operated will he that  of painting, paperhanglng, glazing,  graining, kiilsominliig and the like.  These gentlemen are both well-known  llrst-eluss workmen, and .wo predict for  them; a successful undertaking. In  your spring "clean-'up" days don't forget Gauley & Davis, t'nc popular painters.  Florida Palms  "Tho Ileal Thing," and just arrived  direct, from Florida.  Theso Palms are an exceptionally handsome ornament���are guaranteed never to  turn yellow or illo���need but little euro.  *\\'c have them all tho way from 2 feet  to.10 l'eot high, at from 35'cents to iji7.'_3  ench.  They give a charming tropical effect,  anil arc .very, much In voguo just now.  Come in and seo them.  R. G. BUCHANAN if* CO.  CHOCKKKY AND IIOV'SI. 1'UKNIS1I1N0��,  Telephone 9-1-6. 400 Hustings Street  ��AVOY  THEATRE  McDokeli. it SiMrsos;  Ai.r. r. Jamks    PioprietorF-  ..Htnge MiiiiURer.  The greatest Ibargalns ever offered lu  ithls province In the grocery line now  to be ihad at the City Oroeery.  iMaegowan & Co., agents "White Puss  & Yukon route, in this city, have issued a .very iieut and artistic.calenduir,  showing scenes along tlie world famous line. It ls a souvenir worth preserving.  �����������>�������������������� +>*��*>*>*>+\*a>  M  Wishing the ' \ \  Citizens of Vancouver      J|  a Prosperous ���   ���  New Year__^>  ���we again want it known that  we arc still doing business nt tho  old stand uml invite you to make  uu n cull.  Get prices, note quality and be X  happy for 1*J02. " \  Kippered Herrings only 10 cents per  school, for what are these but efforts  or the strong to bear the Infirmities of  the wesi'k, iuo revelations of this nobler  creed. This In literature gains our ad-  ���mli-utloii. Tom Hood's Song of the  Shirt evokes pity, compassion, sympathy, iukI many a one has cared1 tor  those so circumstanced. Look at Burns  standing at 'his plough and speaking  to a .mouse In language Imperishable  and In doing ho was he not a Mtrongcr  man thnn that which evolution puts  'before us, when he lets his 'heart go  out to lt In sympathy, than If lie had  brutally struck it down? Look at Luther clutching the hunted hare, and  hiding it under his cloak. Look at  Lincoln stopping, and putting two  young bli-ds back ln their nest, that  had been blown out When a king  ways, at Perdanne they are having  n|H>rt, at Naples they are dying, I .will  go to Naples,-.-'he -thrills ihunmnlty.  These are the men, and these are the  deeds men love ito-dny. XVe have got  beyond 'brute force. We live In a world  enswathed with love. All men are fitted to live, and whtvt renders the  struggle 'beyond Dlie'strength of anyone  must be destroyed.  Our industrial sal-  tin at the City Grocery.  For stomach trouble of any hind take  flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  ur you get your money baok. CQc box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co,  Navel Oranges, 4 dozen for 23 rentt,  ut the City Grocery.  When you want to hire a flrat-claw  horse aad bucry, bo to the Palace  livery itabtes.  Telephone IK.  Week Commencing  Monday, Next  Artistic and Refined Vaudeville.  EVERY ACT A FEATURE.  Tbe Balmoral  . . MAXK8 A HFIICIALTY.OF . .  o    oewflfs special liqueur, also ��� ���  o    usner's biqck Louei uaueur wmsKs/-  -LARGK STOCK OK-  IMPOETKD AND UOME6TIO  . Clears. r  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.--  COSNIR COEDOVA AND CAHHALI,.  ���  FORD'S GROCERY  Tel. 720.   25 Hastings St. E.    9  Toleplinno 1���2���6 for a fine livery  turn-out. J..J. Sparrow, Puliu'o livery  BtableB.  tr %  fir. ^/rill_further_notilce w\_ ���  ^ will sell  I Watches at  1       10 Per Cent. |  I^ess than nny advertised price 2  of any other store ln the city.       j  DAVIDSON BROS., ��  The Jewelers. )t  ���^���^���^���^������H*H->��*K'��*K>>*f:*:K'#5��  \l  til  1  GEO. HAY   : $  ou��er'��   Pioneer   Clothee     &���-���  yator, makes u suit new.      "X_  Dyeing and Repairing. a~.  216 Caxbik St., Vancootke.        ^..  Drink Ked Cross Beer, tlie boor tliat's  pure, 75c pints, fl.DO tloz, quiirts. Gold  Seal Liiiuor Co., 74(1 Pender street.  Try a bottle of Kison Port, the sun  flliine of California, 50e .bditle, ut Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  C. Ellis,' corner Gambia and Cordova streets, is'tho plnce you can get  your huir cut in an artistic manner.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���','the  builder np of the weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Ponder street.  Having tbe Only Up-to-Dale QrlU Room  In B. (j. which In lttell l�� a guarantco  ol a Ftnt-Olaiii Hotol and Reawurant.  Seymour Streeet,  What We  Want  ���Is your Hirst parcel, ��o as to  cowvlnee you ���wiithout . a doubt  thnt nil. we say In our ndvcrtlso-  ments Is absolutely true.  We know very well thai aft*:-  ���we have dAne one ibun'dlc 'for >-ou  ���you will .never be contenU-d  ���wltllany other laundry.  Pko.sk 340.910 - 914 RicnAims St  POWNTOWM-0_>ficb, No. 4 AllCAPE.  WHITt   HUP ONLY.  !  ���I  Flint's Dyspepsia Tabled are Sfuar-  anued to restore falling appeUte and  oorree*. any kln�� of etomach trouble.  69 c, box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Oo. ,  For the next SO dayi you can get a ��ult ��ti-  your own price at  THK   ACME  To Introduce our new ayiitcm of UtUilLl before our Fall Stock ait Iran  2 GewglaSt-  , C U Hollas*, Cutter-  m

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