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The Independent Jan 4, 1902

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Array If!  5CRJMM' $1.25 A YEAR  ffaKe-eai-nen. should sub*  ���be, because thl3 paper  ���^published aa their organ.  J  VOL. 4.  ij-^T    ^mwiff^*^*^^?5-  a^iasms^teess:  S8K!=9^fR^3.?^,'jf?^^  >   <^<^C^i^  U>  ' il  D. C. PEMAiYEftT L0A.\ AND  SAVINGS CO.  Author-lied Capital  Hutinribed Capital  A^ets over    ���    -    -  J10.01X OCO  ���    l.ijre itO  3U0, IW  ��� Huul (.mice 3S1 Cambie Street, Vancouver, ll. c.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 4," 1902.  }umm LABOR COML  ' President Johm Crow waa in tlhe chair  lit  Mlfou_&dny   night's   meeting  of   the  /tfntdes' and Labor council.    Secretnry  ���     V��**8 was also In his place.  ||   <  Voredentials were prevented    as fol-  |    ' Sows:   United Brotherhood of Itiillwuiy  j     <Wre_eft��t-Handl<Mis���J.    Lllley    and    F.  1   { 3��ntK*A.     Journeymen  Banbei-s���G. 'XV.  f   Usaaoa amd J. A. Stuart. ,  r COMMUNICATIONS.  TVom Thos. P.".McGuigan, city clerk,  wctaiowlcdgdng receipt of ���'. latter re  STaise Creak flats. The imatter has been  .-referred to Wio ll'allivay committee for  .consideration.   Filed.  /FUmm the Union Label Committee of  Mie Toronto Trades and Labor council  .i-EBaJVllrig fund's jto imrih the Union  2__a__K_l bill at Ottawa at the next meeting of parliament. Reforrel tq dlfCer-  cnt unions.  ���OROA/NIZATION CQMiiri'TTEE.  ���*      ,  nerpoiited that" tlhe Cowiohon    Indians  o  tarare organizing1 a JJllshe-nmon's  union.  ELECTION; OF OFFICERS.    .  -President���W." J." 1,'inilolt, Clerics.  Vice-president���F. J Russell, Freight-  jbaadlei-s.  iSoct-etary���T. H. Q'O.ss, Postmen, ,re-  : elected.  JFmmcial     seorctary:-Tj.    T.    Lllley,  i  T'lelsHnt-hmndlera.      '  ,    -Treasurer���C. Croivdoi, Cig-arnialcois,,  ��c-oIi_eted. I  ��engeaint--at-ai,ms-j-C. J. Salter, Bak-  ers.  StaUsttaian-^J. II  Browne, Printera.  il_tx�����_utive commlbiee���IR. Macpherson,  , dwjientera; G. TV. Isaacs, Barbers; nnd  ' lllie foregoing officers.   .  -Trustees���.E.  Burns,   Fishermen;   -R.  Todd, Printers; J. M. Sinclair, Carpen-  ���tois. '--  PIUSSIDaNT-BliDCT SPBAHS.  Tbe newly elected (president,   W. 3.  ���, JLadrji-flck,   before tatirfg the#gaivel   ln  . ��� tha-nd, BUiid 'tihat he ih >ped that he would  fill the office to wililc i he had just been  *   elected with honor   o the council aind  -to himself.    During pie past 'term the  wouncll had prospered as never before.  Tlie oilieers performrid Un.li- duties ev-  i -oeeilmgly well.   The financial position  ur- Wio council/   was   never in better  ,,..     shape!.   What he had seen of the books  |{j I -*id Thim to balileve that they wero all  Jn'lierfcct condition, and when the aud-  broup.h't up, after whioh the proceedings, t.'inluaitcd.  BROTHERHOOD OF CAiUPBNTKiRS.  Union iNo. 617.   Brotherhood  of Carpenters, held  H��   regular meeting on  Thursday, Dec. Sfitih.   The attendance  waa   very   satisfactory,    several    new  members being present.   A considerable  part cf tlhe business of the avowing was  taken up with the nomination of officers  for tlie ensuing term.   The practicability of obtaining   an    eight-hour day,  with a minimum' wage of S3, was also  briefly discussed.   The delegates to- the  Building  Trades council   receive*! ..orders  to have UhJs matter -brought7 iip  nit Che next meeting of that body. '������ It  was  reported  to  the unjon that ���' tho  foreman iin  charge  of  Uie alterations  and 'repairs to Knox.church had offered to ipuy: union con-pen tars at-the rate  of 30 cents per hour, at the same time  stating thait  the   iiuin-iKomient of the  church had forbidden ihim to pay'inore  Such action on  Uie part of a ohuich  Is condemned by the union, ns being  both unfair and Inconsistent.   The minimum rate Iflxed iby the union is 33 1-3  cents an hour.   It requires hand, earnest work on Ihe part of organized labor  to maintain Mns rate, but tt means a  higher atandaid of living and civilization for these engaged In the trade and  those  whom  they have  to  support-  Press Commiittee.  NO 15  rm  Mora brought down  -avmdd .be ascertained  _T��.u]t to be found,  their reports it  jthait1there' was no  Phe,  _|{MTIRXNG I'lREStDENT CROU*-  wsei called upon and laid that he was  pleased to have the omportunlty of  anaWng a feiv lemairks, TVta he was  ftrst'eleotjed he felt highly Uated over  ��Bje honor. Oin ililfTerent occasions he  miglit have been too lenient regarding  ttiie enitorceinent of the rules during  debaitfts, but as tlie preaJdinB officer he  ���dirt bo for. t'if sak9 ��' haiinony and  Boijtl -jv*".'0" , j be exacting with, dele-  ,ras hard uphill work.   Ho th^nk-  '����1 *>ue and adl foi- the, many, favors  sflnrrn li'cm by the ofllcers and mem-  *toers. He garve the exeoutlwe' board  7?raiise for the way it attended to ths  Injiduess of the council, and also he  Tcoumiiomled , the Parliamentary Com-  aarbtee for its faithful services. All its  work ,was done in aipple-ple order. The  Buecess of tlue council devolved almost  t-entirely upon committee -work;, an-1,  Bberefore, a great deal of responsibility  ��v_a attached'to Uie' several. commit-  lej-S. There may have been bickerings  am-oiig Uie delcg-ates, but even so it  '.����eYer_.was necessary)!.for them to go  J5J l)ack to their unions with a grievance  * COJIPLIMENTARY.  * Editor Independent:  * Sir,���I .must congratulate you on  * the steady Improvement of your  * paper.   'When  I visit   Vameouivei'  * again I hope you -will ibe running1  * a sixteen-page daily.    What  ��"S  * 'lalboilng men  ought  'to do lis to  * Slive our undivided suppo.lt to a1  * real  out-and-out    laibor   journal,  * lauch as I find tlhe Independent to  ��� ibe. If the labor element who how  " support ithe subsidized sheets of  ' Vancouver and Victoria would  ' put on their thinking caps and  '   subsoribe   for suc'h    a  paper    as  yours amd 'the Winnipeg- Voice w e '  would then be able to obtain '  truthful information especially ,re-  gardlniff the labor movement and ���  its struggles duilng Industrial '  warfare, lockouts, dtrikes, or "  wihntever name t'hat may be used *  ior amy reform imovemetit. Oun *  heads would not be iilled with *  falke deqpatohes and misleading ���  telegrams, carefully concocted and *  prepared for itihe occalslon-^isuoh! *  for instanice that,we received dur- *  ing the ia'te stiniggle of Ithe C. P. *  IR. trackmen.   Yours truly, *  SUBSCRIBER.   *  Nelson, B. C, Dec: 28, 1901. *  *or it wns'at the council boaird that  iill disagreements should, be thrashed  vu& and settled.     Evt?n  if any*, had  M jBnien-mices  they should be submitted  ^j iu   writing;    then   unnecessary    time  tduU not foe wasted.   Metetlng should  'aya  tertnilnate not  later   than    10  l/jjl        *.    Again thanking uU  he  took  ifi"    _eiit amid applause.  ^^  THiD CLOSE.  President Lamrldk  hoped   that    ail  lelegaitjes would be prompt In nttend-  j[��ce, and wfere especially asiked to be  ip^resunt ait ithe next meeting, .when the  |l��tiui>llng committees would be aippotnt-  A iMOVEMBNT TOWlABD INDUSTRIAL PHACB.  One of the most Interesting developments axecting industrial affairs In the  United States that has 'been recorded  In many years was tlhlat peaohvd last  week at New Yot<k in the industrial  department of the National Civic Fed-  ��ra!t!on. This was the appointment of  a oomnniitltee of thiirty-slx to consider  the IiMpontaint sulbjeot of /bringing about  harmony between capital and laibor  'and averting strikes. Of the members  of *he oonmilttee, one-third represent  ctipital'and bneJthlrd Habor, while the  renialning 'tlhlnd ls compose/d of citizens  who, have no direct or Immediate Interest la industrial disputes, but who are  regarded as representing the hest interests of the country as o. whole. In  order to indicate with greater clear-  ness_*he -composition oti the committee  It may he well to recapitulate some'details as,to Its personnel.  The twelve uiembera representing labor comprise Samuel Gompera, president of the Federation of La'bor; John  'Mitchell, president of Che United Mine  WoUkera of America; Fmink J. Sargent,  ���president of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen; Theodore J. Shaffer,  president of the Amalgamated Iron  Wbrikers; Jnmie.i Duncan, lir-lt. vice-  president of Uie 'American 'Federation  of Laibor; Daniel" J. Keeife, president  of the    International   Association   of I  United States senator and president of  tihe M. A. Hanna Company; Charles M.  Schwab, president of the United SUutes  Steel, corporation;, S. R. Calliiway, pre-  eMent of  the    Amorloam    Looomotlve  Woitot; Charles A. Moore, .president of  the  National, Tool .company; John D.  Rockefeller, Jr., Standard OU company;  H. H.Vrceland, president of the Metropolitan Traotion company; Lewis Nixon, of the Orescent Shipyards: William  H. Pfahler, of 'Uhe Albrams-Cox Stove  oompany; J. Kruttsdhnltt,,,pre��(ideiit of  the Southeni Pacific Rallwiay oompany;  13. P. Ripley, of the Atchison, Topaka  and .Santa 'Fe iRallway compamy, aind  Marcus M.  Mariks, of the United As-  sociatllon of   Clothing   Manuilalcturers.  The list of members at large Is headed  by ex-'Preeddent Grover Cleveland, and  Includes in addition Charles    Francis  Adams, former president of the Union  Pacllfio Railway Company; Henry Cod-  man Potter, Protestant Episcopal Bishop of the diocese of New York; Cornelius N. Bliss, former secretary of thi*  intlerlor;  Archbishop Ireland;  Charts'.  \V. Eliot, president of Harvard University; James iH.  Eckels,  former comip-  trollcr; John J. McCook, JcJin G. Mil-  burn, Charles J. Boniaipart'e, Odcar S.  Straus and Kalph M. Ealsley.  ���This array'of inannes fe certainly an  tm'posing one,  and it nvould seeim as  though   tihfer   injection   into the   joint  councils of representatives of employers and  employees of citizens of the  standing of those who have been nanved  in  the third list should have' a very  powerful effect  upon  the outcome  of  dSseussions as to Industrial adjustments  In the future.   lit is easy, of course, to  take such a view of laibor dispu les and  of the progress achieved in dealing with  them as will 'It-twl to a too optimistic  conclusion as to possibilltlies.    On the  otlien- 'hand,   theie    is   not   iaclking   a  temptation to such a pessimism as can  see nothing hopeful beyond the limits  of present endeavor* and  Is in   truth  paralyzing in Itts effects upon the aspirations-and tbe energies of men who  look for batter conditions In ithe time  to come.   It is the part of wisdom not  to  press  to either of these etti-emes,  but, ikceping an open mind, not to je-  lax -energy or hopefulness, biit to liubur  for. -such' .piiaatical betterments; of existing relationships as a. ciaref ul sunvey of  liSUe Ifield will disclose. Approached fiv> n  such a viewpoint aa this, says Bi ad-  street's,   perhaps,  the experiment just  launched may prove fruitful  In  good  ;beyond the dreams;even of some ho-.v-  ful mien.   Disputes nre evidence in t'.ie  lalst  analysis  of  lack of  adjustmemt,  and satisfying adjustments cm only be  reached   through   contact   and knowledge. '  IMIMWf LIBOR,  HIS POSITION DEFINED.  'Mr.': 3. II. -Haw.thornthwalte, M. L.  A��� Who represents the labor .pmrty of  Nnivalmb in the Leglshiitlne Assembly,  has ln view of tho present situation,  M-herelby tlie relations hetmeen the labor n-nd liberal parties have bean  brought Into prominence, given the fol-  The Cleveland Citizeai, after warding  ���trades', unionists-tliat this imove on  the part of the Schwabs, Hajinas and  Rodkefeillers Is nothing but a, trap, continues: "XVe believe .th'at we express  the sentiments of a strong, militant,  growing jnlnonlty of the trade union  movement when wie declare ithat theie  is no compromise, no identity of inter-  esits, between those who live on wages  and those who thrive on profits. The  lalbor problem will only be solved when  the Roctofellers nnd Schwabs, the  Hannas suid Clevciands, gat off Labor's  back���when the profltmongerlng system  of capitalism is abolished'and sooiallsan  lis Instituted.  THE NETWSBOYS. -  "The complimentary banquet by the  oitizens of Vancouver to the newsboys  and messengers in recognition of their  falithfulj* services" was held on New  -Year's eve.���It- was a-great"succ6ss In  every .way."-; There was a large attendance of the boys, who all thoroughly  enjoyed themselves. The Independent,  on behalf of the merry banqueters,  expresses thariks to oil who aided in  getting up ithe annual spread, -which  will remain green in ithe memory of  all pi-esont for a long time. Suoh fes-  timtles as these are n Ikeeplng. with the  progressive and liberal spirit of the  "wild  and   woolly"   -nest.  lowing; Intaiview  with   regnrd  to the  niatteijl to the Free Press of that city:  '"I dji not wish to discuss the political situation from tlie provincial  standpjijnt <at .the present thus. With  regard} to 'Mr. Bodwiell I win nierely  point dut that he is a Liberal endorsed  by the1 leading Liberals, and hs platform is a Liberal ipplatform, while I ami  a Labor representative and intend to  remain one.  "With regard to the local position, It  fa emb.'rassilng and confuting and requires courageous anid honest handling.  "I believe there Is no such panty a��  a LEbcral-Labor ipairty;  that combination  iu  the local  house as  advocuteJ  by Smlth-Cuutls and supported by myself slinply meant a temporary coalition of Ibooh parties for a joint action  agailnst -the Duinsmuir administration.  "Tlie Liberal aind Laibor parties are  quite distinct, tooth in principles and  methods.   The Liberal party does not  beltavid in  class  legislation,  aind doe3  not advocate progress along socialistic  lines. ' The   Independent  Labor par-_y  was firmed  in Canada,   England  and  New Zealand to study economic   subjects affecting  the  welfare   of iabo.-,  and to obtain direct leglsiaton for the  benefit of tihe labor   class,   which Includes all wage workers!   The Independent Lalbor party is not supposed   to  form a permanent alliance with either  of the older parties.  "In New Zealand the Labor party  persisted In this'attltude until it finally  obtalned complete contiol of the government. Almost all the legislation d3-  manded iby the Labor p,irty Is of a  distinctly socialistic nature, such as  the government ownership and operation of'railways and ail public franchises; It further demands' s'uch"retorm  movements as state Insurance, old age  pensions for the laborers, thte nationalization of t'he land amd also the liquor  traffic.  "The English Independent ;party goes  fuither aind insists that the labor problem will only be solved when the land  und meains of 'production, distribution  and exohange ao-e held as common property.  '"The 'trades congress held at Bristol In 1898 sustained this position by the  large majority  of 20S,00O  votes.  "On joining the Lalbor party at "Winnipeg (which Puttee represents) Vancouver, Vctoria, or Indeed wherever "the  party is properly established, you are  i-iequired to forswear all allegiance to  all other existing political parties," and  rightly so.  "Dr. MoKechnie's position ais president of the 'Liberal association, amd of  the Labor party is certainly anomalous, but that gentleman'has done so  mainy good actions for om- party that  but few of its members are- disposed to I  be critical.       ' |  '"I need not say that I totally disagree with the \1ow of .the editor of  the Herald, and I emphatically protest  against the position talken th'at we organized the Labor pairty, and sent  'Ralph Smith lo Ottawa 'as an indication to the Laurier government that SMc  la'bor men fully appreciated the spirit  and-value���of���the-labor"_leEi_slatlon  ���Uhe Parliamentary committee will  UBe>et on 'Monday evening to receive all  IrtjpUes* to tihe questions submitted to  'arc .various candidates for municipal  (honors In the forthcoming elections.  A hearty.' yote of ithanhs was tender-  Jed to Uherietlring president amd ofllcers,  jmtd briefly aolmowiledged by ex-presl-  |Sent Crow. \  Tlie question of the .union label be-  odhered to by the delegates was  PAJ1NTBRS _BLEC'f OFFICERS  Followilng is a list of officers for the  , .jjEawit term of Painters' union, No. 138:  Longshoremen;  Mkufltn  Fox,  P',cslden\^>p're3|(lent  of the Iron -Molders' union; James '11,  Ljiioli, president of the Iniernnitlonal  Typographical union; Henry 'White,  s. retary of the Garment "VVonkers'  union; .Edward E. Clark, grand conductor of the Order of Railway Conductors; Walter MoriAnthur, editor of  the Coast Seamen's Journal, of San  Francisco; James O'Connell, president  of the International Association of Ma-  aUinlsta. The employers or capitalists  a-re represented by Marcus A. Hamm,  W.--' Pavler; vice-president,  AV. Halllday; recordng secretary, E.  Crush; iflnancnl secrotary, A. Gothard;  treasurer,'- H. 'MeSorley.  SOCIALIST MEETING.  Vanoainver Local, Soaialtet Party of  British Columbia, will commence its  Sunday propaganda meetings [at rooms  over ISO Powieil dtreet, on January Cth,  at 7:30 p.m. Framlk Rogers, of the  Fishermen's un.ons will give nn address on bis "Prison Experiences,"  placed oiiithe statutes during ithe 'preceding session and wanted to have a  man'on the'floor of parliament to secure a proper execution, of these laws,  whichever party nVas returned/  '.'Mr.., Smith oipprdached the .Conservative paa-ty here.for their suipport on  the ground that he was''an Independent Labor candidate, and Mr.  John Mehaii, In ithe dlsti-iet, <ind many  other promlnient Conservatives ivWcun I  can name, supported him Upon that and  no other uhderstundng.  "I am quite aware that Mr. Smith's  views are different from' nnyi own Un  regard to these, mfatters In liwuny, respects, the stand he takes ibeing more  moderate, and I fi-ecly admit -that hl3  Interpndtatlon niay be the more conrect  and acceptable one. However, I pro-  pose to .stand or fall by these views,  arid will call ,a public ���meeting at an  early date amd discuss'these niutters  *uffly and openly.  ���iSmlth-Curiis is tlie only Liberal ol  any prominence in the province who  honestly Intends to carry out reforms  for the bemeflt of labor.   Captain Tat  low, among the Conservatives, Is also  a good .man. He .Introduced the Natal  act for the exclusion of Japs and Ohi-  ne.se in the local house, and I regrJt  that the Liberal government has disallowed it. I have not the slg'htest intention of dropping the /Labor party  an'd joining' the Liberal..party."  ONE FOR 'R!A!LPH SMITH.  The following Is a copy of the resolution whttoh was adopted at a recent  jueetlng of the .Trades and Labor council of Halifax, N. S., and forwarded  to Premier Laurier:  "Whereas���It is an unwritten''understanding that the memlbers of the government of Canada a:e as nearly as  posplble irepresentatives of speclflcially  lange interests as well as representative  of the sieveral provinces; and,  "Whereas���The wonklng and ivage-  caining'clashes of the Dominion���its  ivealthiprcducin'g elements, tui'J forming a laige pro-portion of the electo,--  lte of tl-e whole country���have no direct representation In the Federal council of the nation; and  "Whereas���There now e..il_t3 a ivo-  oanty In the cabinet forming the Dominion government, and Ikiely to be  filled by a Brtlsh Columbian; therefore  be it  "Resolved���That the secretaiy be,  and js hereby instructed, to 'bring this  very iiinpoi-tanit subject to the Immediate attention of the Rilght Honorable  the Premier of Canada, arid praying  hlni that a .direct representative of ti'ie  woitklng aind w-agie-earning elements of  the country���a man out of their own  raulWs 'and possessing th'eir general and  full confidence���be taken into and assigned a pontfolio in .his cabinet."  A 'STEP IN SEASON.  A    Halifax    correspondent    in    the  Daily Echo of that city writes as follows.  ���'In a. recen/t Issue of the Echo there  aippeared an unpretentious thc-iigh significant local paragrjtfi, stating that at  the meeting of the Halifax Trades and  Labor council, on the previous even-  nng, 'a resolution was adopted' and ordered to .be sent to Premier Laurier,  ���asking that the labor Interests be considered In making t'he appointment *o  th'e vacancy which at present exists in  , Mite'CalKI net.'  "The 'Halifax central labor organization is to be .congratulated on 'grasping the Bltuatlon,' land talking a step  which, if promptly followed up by the  labor organizations throughout Canada,  from Huhfax In the east to Victoria  in tlhe west���and no doubt it will, with  alacrity and earnestness���cannot fail  in Impressing on th'e Liberal government of the day the impontamt fact  that a large and Important element of  the people, heretofore unthought of and  ignored, is awakening to th'e necessity  of having lilts inteerats directly represented In aind caned for by the government at 'Ottawa.  "And why not? Heretofore, and at  present, almost all Interests of nny consequence other than .those of our v.'age-  earning 'amd wealth-producing classes  haiv been, and are, remembered and  recognized -when a cabinet Is formed,  or, when vacancies therein are filled.  Trade and commeiee, agriculture, and  'the learned professions' must be, and  are, ahyays borne ln arcind equally with  provincial rights on such " occasions.  Each is usually represented in the cabinet by a rn.Inls.ter popularly supposed  to understand and know the nieeds as  well as what Js the. best interests oi  the element he represent"!, and at the  same timo not detrimental to the ge,i^_  try have begun this movement too soon,  or without justlflcatlon.   Organized labor wisely welted until it was dlrectly  itipresented in ithe  houxe  of  commons  by men out ot its own ranks, and 'of  whom it has every reii��oii to b? iirou 1.  Ralph -Smith,   tho  Independent  Labor  member  for    Vancouver   (.jl    practical  miner), and a: W. Puttee,"the Independent  Labor  member  for  th��   city  of  Winnipeg (a practical printer), ure Independent Lalbor representative;, whose  general  knowledgi of public    affairs,  whose debiting ability, and whose lev-  el-headedness would make thein orraa-  ���ni-*nts   in  any  public  capacity.    Both  'have made their wanks' already In the  house of  oommons    of   Canada,    and  either would malke a most capable and  painstaking cabinet minister.    But as  Mr.( Smith has been, and is to-day, the  ���popular president of  the Trades  and  Labor Congress of Canada���the 'lalbor  parliamenTf of  the  organized  callings  of the Dominllon-Jhis call at this time  to the cabinet would be but a si,-_ple  act of  long-  deferred  justice,  and,   at  the same time,  a very taidtioal political step on  the part of the  prc.nler.  In such eicnt  it could   be salu,   with  truth, that there was no msmlber of the  government whose constituency was as  laige,   either  geographically  or   is   to  'Population, as that of Mr. Smith,  for  he would represent the working classes   '  from Sydney, C. B., to Vcltorla, B. C.  Add to this that, besides being a gnace^  fui acknowledgment of the justice of'  the  claim of .th'e  wortumg classes of  Canada,   Mr.   Smith's  presence Iin  She  Cabinet   would gnve British  Columbia  ���that sectional   irepresentatioin in tlio  government which fcnat province lis de-  niamding, and to which it Is fairly entitled under our system.   One iching is  quite   certain,   aindth.it   is,     that     the  iworklng classes have found a mouthpiece for their views in this particular  iln the Halifax Central Labor body, and  ithait.the 'ghost will not down' until the-  desired .right ils adknow-ledged and eon-  ceded.    May wie hope for an 'Echo' in  suppoit of the clailm."  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  INDEPENDENT  CANDIDATE. '  To the Editor of Tin: Indxpi.mie.nt:  'Sir,���In the report of the proceedings  of the last meeting of t'he Electoral  union, it is stated that my manne came  up for nomination as Licence commissioner, and that after some discus=iio.i  Mr. E. B. Morgan was chosen, he being tlie only candidate nominated, thus  inferring 'that I had been turned down  by this association. I wish to state  that neither my friends nor myself havs  ever aisked the electoral unicn, or any  other organization, for an endorsement.'  I am an independent candidate "-for licence commissioner and am pledged to  no organisation, tlhe only pledge I have  made is to the electors to stand by the  by-laws.     Respectfully,  'L. D. TAYLOR.  Vancouver, Jan. 2, 1002.  eral welfare of the counti y as a whole  This is as 'it ought to be���very likely.  Yet, curiously enough, the largest claa.  of all���those who ore the source of all  material wealth���the -working class���Is  Ignored, the Interference being, apparently, that any other pei-son is a better  judge Of w-hat they rtquire In the matter of Jegilslatlon and administration  than would be a' man In. the cabinet i  chosen from their own ranks and pos-1  scsslng th'eir'.confidence.  "The timely, resolution of the Halifax  Tnades and  I-iilber   council    Indicates  that: the Uline tins .arrived  when  .'the  .powers that ���l>e'..iit Ottawa must* take  cognisance'of .this phase of polities, for  observant people realize that once.our  woiiklng people ifeel Win* they are suffering an  Injustice, and  determine to |  secure a remedy, they will   not   ctSuse  agitation until a. cure is effected�����ven  though a goviannnwntt should fall hi the  effort.   "Why sfliould   they   support a  government   that  will    not   do them  simple justice in this Important.matter?  "Nor can it ibe fairly urged that the  organized ilabar elements In this coun-  STREET TtlAILWAYMEN.  At the last regular meeting of the  Amalgamated Association of Street  Railway Employees' Union, Pioneer division, No. 101, the .following offlcera  were elected for the ensuing; term:  President, H. A. MciDbnaid; ivice-presi-  dent, T. Gaidiner; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. W. Vanderwarker;  conductor, Geo. Lenfesty; waiden. D.  Smith; sentinel, J. W. 'Dubberley": delegates to the Trades and La'bor Council, 'H. A. McDonald, J. C. Barton, Chas.  Bennett, R. Brunt and John Pearey.   .  mi  HtsJi  ��� at.f:*..  m  mu  im  II  THE HEATHEN  CHINEE.  The  Chinese are  an    unenlightensii     '^  race, much In meed of our ml.dlonarie*.  They deform their girls by squeezing '  the feet out of shape.   Our' women only  deform their bodies by squeezing their  Hvalsts out of ahapft.  They sell their infant daughteis. We  wait until ours grow up and then sell  them to some millionaire roue or nobleman.  They ismoke opium and die a fearful  death.   We diJmk booze nnd go 6ut/l_ji">,    ���  a blaze of raving and dellnlunu-f^f;***''"^:,  The otllclals rob tihe poor undVrU_(��m,/^C  Oura rob everybody.   "     < ( ���    i/,\y.i T.$$'-\  They   think their,i-^lglon'^b^'t;-'''^^''  We only know oum^le and hisl^W*]^  their accepting- It. s," -i, *       J.~/''fs'  They cailnot put' *��w��i* brtgandage.  We cannot down 'Oie trusts. '^  They -wear ridfogious clothing.   We)  follow the ta4nV&L\lf-''  They e^Ehavik'B fins.   We eat tripe.���  Frank |3entln-Jl(^  WheA yon Wiint to hire a flrst-clt_e��  ).  ������ ��.���:;���:���  . ��������',-..���:.:;  m  horse/and bii  5^-  go   to  the   Falao��  mviti��mM&  .. -__..��� ,,Telephone 125.  hyKW:?m  m  '-rMA'f^Wkmx::  :t^M^'f^Sl!SmX  . f'?X3if:Ur. f iSwi.* wf'.- ;.- THANKSGIVING  DAT.  Achievements of Brain and Hand  During the Past Year.  FULLNESS OF   OUR   HARVESTS  Itev. Dr. Tuliua^t!, in an Kloquvnt Pi ��>  tountr, stir* tho iluai-ts or Ills Huarcri  lo Joyful TluinU*;;!viii�� by UvCuimtinu  thu ..Ilm-uIi'S Youuhbufed lu Tliem bj  an All-Wisv C'l-culoi.  J_Mti!r(.-ihiPcnnIini;loAt't<if riirliuincntof l*in��  ath, ill liini. ir 1'hlu li\ \\ uliam Uiilj. of 'lo*  roiito, ut, tho Dup'u of Agriculture, Ottawa.  Wu.shiinjluii, Nov. 24..���This dis-  ���cour.su of Ur. Talnmge is a national  congratulation over the achievements  ���of bruin and hand during tlie past  twelve .mouths. The texts uie.  I. Corinthians ix, 10, "lie that  tplou-ulli should plow in hope"; Isaiah xli, 7, "lie that smootheth  With the hammer";! Judges V, Id,  "Tliey that"'handle the pen of tho  ���������wi-itu "  There is a table being; spread  ���across the lop of the two great ran-  jife.s of mountains which ridge this  continent, n table which readies from  the Atlantic to the Pacific sea  It is the Thanksgiving table of the  nation. They will come from the  cast and the west and the north  ���and the south and sit at it  Welcome, Thanksgiving day!.,Whnt-  ���<over, wu may think of New England  theology, wo all like New England  'Tlianksgiving day. What ineaiib  the steady rush to the depots and  the* long rail trains darting their  lanterns along the tracks of the  Doston and Lowell, tlie Georgia.  Central, tho Chicago 13 rent Western, the'St. Paul und Ilulutli and  ���the Southern railway ? Ask the  happy group in the New England  farm house; ask the villagers, whoso  song of praise in the morning will  coniu over the Berkshire hills; ask  nil the plantations of tlie south  Which have .adopted the New England, custom of setting apart a. day  viT thanksgiving. Oli, it is a great  day of national festivity I Clap  your hands, yo people, and shout  Aloud for joy! Through the organ  ipipcs lot tlicre come down the thunder of a nation's rejoicing! ...; Blow  the cornet! Wave the palm  branches! . "Oh, -.-. that men would  praise the Lord for His goodness  - und for His wonderful works to the  children  of  men'"  .rhijigs have..marvelously changed  "Time was when the stern edict of  -Governments forbagc religious as-  ���scniblngcs. Those who dared to bo  ���so unloynl to thcir King as to nc-  Itnowlcdgo loyally to the Head of  the universe were punished. Churches  -awfully silent in worship suddenly  Jicard. their doors swung open, and  ���down upon a church aisle a score of  muskets thumped as the leadcis  bade tliem "Ground-arms!" This  ��� custom of having the fathers, : the  ��� husbands, the sons and brothel's at  ���-the entrance of the pew is a custom  "���which: came clown from olden time,  ���when it was absolutely nceessaiy  'that the father or brother should sit  'at the end of the church pew fully  ���armed to defend the helpless poi-  'tion of the family. But now how  changed ��� Seicie penalties aie  threatened against any one who  shall inteiiupi religious services,  ���I -and annually, I.at the command of  ���the highest ofhci.il in the United  States, we gather together for  "thanksgiving and holy woislup Today I would stir youi souls to joy-  >Xul thanksgiving while 1 speak of  ithe mercies' of God and in unconventional was recount the conquests of the plow, the hammer., and  the pen  Most of the implements of husbandry have been superseded by  modem inventions, but the plow  has never lost its icign lt has furrowed its way thiough all the ages  : Its victories have been waved by the  barley of Palestine, tlie wheat of  X'ersia, tlio llnx of Germany, the  ncestalks of China, the nth grasses  of     Italy lt     has tinned up tlie  :: mammoth of Siberia, the mastodon  of Egypt and the pine gioves of  Thessaly Its non foot has Hunched uhcic Hoses wiote and Ilonici  sang and Aiistolle taught and Ale\-  ���andei mounted Ins wai charger II  ohalh wiling its colter on Noiwegian  "wild= and lipped out the stumps of  i.the American forest,-pushing' its way  thiough the savann���s of the Cnio-  liiu. and trembling in the grasp of  the New, Hampshire yeomanry. Am-  <?nc,ln civilization hath kept slop  ���with the intlle of its clevises, and  "on its beam hath ridden thrift and  ���national plenty  I do not wonder that the Japanese  ��� and^lio'Chiriese-nnd tho_l'hoenician&  so particularly extolled husbandry  or that Ciiicinnntiis went from the  ���consulship to the plow or that Noah  was a farmer before he became a  -shipbuilder or that Elishawas in  the field plowing with twelve yoke  of oxen when the mantle fell on him  or that the Egyptians intheir pag-  <uiism worshiped the ox as a tiller  of their lands  milieus, the King; found some  rich gold mines in his province, so  he turned all the population to digging in the mines. Tillage, was  neglected, and there came a great  .'famine: One day the wife of the  King invited him'.to a great banquet, mid he came in and sat down,  .-�����iri��l there were pieces of gold in tho  ������shape of bread and pieces of gold  in the shape of. biscuits and pieces  ���of gold in the shape of joints, of  '^ent, nnd the King was disgusted,  land v^ oalil, "I cannot eat this."  "'Neither can the people," said his  wife most suggestively, and then  they wont back to the tillage  To rot and nppiecinlion of what  the American plow.has accomplished  I take you into the western wilderness. Heie in the dense forest  I find a collection dl. Indian wigwams. Willi belts oif wampum the  toon lazily sit on thcjcKins of deer,  smoking their fcatjicicd calumets,  or, driven foi lh \by hunger I  track their moi cn.snlis far away  flts they make the foi eslVchoes crazy  ���With tlmir wild holloo oryish in tho  waters oi tlie sun mice, ivoiv tubes  challenge, and council fires blaze,  and warw-hoops ring, and chiefs lift,  the tomahawks for battle. After  awhile -wagons from ��� the Atlantic  coast come to theso forests. ----- By  day trees are felled, and by night  bonfires keep oil the wolves. Log-  cabins rise, and the great trees begin to throw their brunches in the  path of the comiuering while man.  Kanus are cleared. Slumps, tlie  monuments of slain forests, crumble  und are burned. Villages appear,  witli smiths al the bellows, masons  on llie wall, carpenters on the housetop. Churches rise in honor of the  Great Spirit whom the'red men ig-  uorantly worship. Sie-.iini.-rs on the  lake convey merchandise to her  wharf and carry east Uie ���incuiinlcil  bushels that have come to the  market. Bring hither wreaths of  wheat and crowns of rye and let  the mills and the.machinery of burn  iind field unite their voices Io celebrate the triumph, for the wilderness  hulli retreated ami the plow hath  conquered.  I'nrts of the country, under industrious tillage, have become an  Ellen of fruit fulness, in which religion stands-ns the irec of life and  educational advantages as the tree  of knowledge of good and evil, and  one of tliem forbidden. We are ourselves .surrounded by Well cultured  farms. They were worked by your  fathers,;, aiid. perhaps your mothers  helped spread .the hay in the field.  Un-their., headstones are the names  you hear. As, when you were  boys, in the sultry noon you sought  for .the* Imi'vcsl field with������ refreshments for your fathers and ."found  theni taking their noon spell sound  asleep, under tlie trees, so peacefully  now thoy , sleep in some country  churchyard.'-. ���; No more fatigued.  Death has plowed for them tlie deep  furrow of a grave.  7-Although; most.of us have .nothing directly to do with the tillage  of the'soil; .yet'in all bur occupations we feel the effect of successful  or blighted industry. We must, in  all our occupations,- rejoice over the  victories ^ of .the plow to-day., Tho  earth was once cursed for man's  sake, and occasionally tlie soil revenges itself on us, by refusing a  bountiful harvest.. I suppose that  but for sin tlie earth would be producing wheat" anil corn and sweet  fruits as nntiirsJIy us now it' produces mullein stalks and Canada  thistles. There is hardly a      hil-  -lock between the forests of Maine  mid the lagoons of Florida, between  the peach orchards of New Jersey  and the pines of Oregon, that has  not sometimes shown its natural  and total depravity. The thorn and  thistle'seem, to liave usurped the  soil, and nothing but the rebellion  of. the. ; plow- can uproot the 7..evil-  supremacy. But God is good. Now,  if one of our'seasons' partially proves  a failure the earth seems to repent  of it the next summer in more munificent supply. ,  Praise God for the great harvests  that have been reaped ihis last  year I Some of., them ii.jined  by. .'drought or : insects; or freshets.Were .not ns; bountiful '.as  usual, 7 others far in excess ,-.���.; of  what have ever beforebcen gathered,  while higher prices will help make  up for any decreased supply. ;, Sure  sign of .agricultural -prosperity we  have, in. the .fact: that cattle and  horses and sheep and swine and all  farm animals liave during the .'.-��� last  two years increased iii value.'..Twenty  million swine slaughtered :this* *;last-  year, and ... yet .so many hogs ...left.  Enormous paying off of, farm mortgages has spoiled the old'speeches of  the calamity howlers. If the.: ancients iii * their festivals* presented  their rejoicings before Geres, the goddess of corn and tillage, shall we neglect to rejoice in thi*. presence of  the great God now?7 From Atlantic  to^.Pacific let the American nation  celebrate the :victories'of the plow. '':.  '-. I come next to speak of '..tii.o'".-. conquests of, the! American, hammer.-"Its  iron o.na has fought its way:-7i.dbwri  from the., beginning, to ;.the present,  Under its swing the city>1: of Enoch  rose, aiid the foundry of Tubal 7Cain  resounded, and the ark'floated on the  deluge.,,,At its clang ancient,: temples spread their magnificence; ,, and  chariots rushed out fit for the, :,battle. .... Its iron fist smote ;tho "marble  of Paros, and it rose, iri','���;.. sculptured  Minoryas and 7 struck' the .Pentejican  mines until from* 'tliem a ���Parthenon  was reared whiter.than ii: palace -. of  ice and ��� pure.';', as: aii arigcl's "., dream.  Damascus and .Jerusalem5 and vRome  and Venice and Paris' and, London  and Philadelphia aiid New York and  Washington are-but-.the;' long,;.-: protracted echoes of tlio hanimer.: Under  the',;..' linmmer everywhere dwellings  have gone up, ornate arid luxurious.  Schoolhouses, lycoums. hospitals arid  asylums- have added additional glory  ito^the^entei'priseiasU^elLa^theJjenfc  ficence of the American people. Vast  public works have been constructed,  bridges have boon built ovei' rivers  and tunnels dug .under-.mountains and  churches of matchless beauty have  gone up for him Who had not where  to lay his head,'aiid the old theory  is exploded that because Christ - was  born in a manger we must always  worship him in a barn.,,,  Railroads of fabulous length . have  boon completed, over which western  trains rush past the swift footed  deer, making the. frightened birds to  dart into the heavens at the cough  of Ihe smoke pipes and the. .savage  yell of tho sleum whistle. In hot  lia'sto our national industry advances, her breath the air of 10,000  furnaces, lier song,the voice iof. uncounted factories, hoi" footstep the  flush of wheel buckets ..'.iind. the tread  of Ihe shaft and the stamp of; foundries. Talk about antediluvian;longevity! . I think the average of human life is more now than it. ever  wns.'��������� Through mechanical facilities  men work so much faster and accomplish so much more in,a lifetime that  a man can afford to die now at forty  years, as well as one of old at 900.  I think the average of human life  in point of accomplishment .'��� is now  eciuivalerit to about 800 years,- ris  near as r can calculate/,. In all ;.pur,  occupations arid professions, wc.'; feel  'tlio:ciTect of a erippled or. .' enlarged.  mechanical enterprise. Wo. all have  stock in every, house that' is;.. builded  and in every public conveyance . that  is constructed and in every ship that  is sailed. When wo see the -hardworking'men of the land living in  comfortable abodes,, with luxuries  upon their tables that once, even  kings could not allord, having the  advantage of thorough education, of  accomplishment and art, we iuo all  ready nt this season to unite 'with  them in praise to God for his goodness.  Now 1 come lo speak of the conquests of the pen. This is the symbol of all intellectuality. Tlie painter's pencil ami the sculptor's chisel  and the philosopher's laboratory are  all brothers to.the pen; and therefore  this may be used as a symbol of intellectual advancement. There ui^  tlio.se; disposed to decry everything  American. Having seen iMelrose and  Glastonbury by moonlight, they  never beheld ainoii(j us au impressiie  structure, or, having slrolle'l through  the picture galleries of the Louvie  and the Luxembourg, they ure disgusted with our 'academics nf art,  11 makes ine sick to hear these people who have been to Europe ci.mc  homo talking with a foreign accent  anil aping foreign customs and talking of moonlight on castles by tho  sea. I think the biggest fool in the  country is tlio traveled fool  But, considering Iho youth of our  nation and tlio fact that compain-  tiiely few poisons devote themselves  entirely to literature, I think wo  have groat reason to thank God for  tho progress of our American literature. As historians have we not had  in tlie past such men as Bancroft and  1'iescott, as essayists living and  Emerson, as jurists'Story and Marshall and Kent, us theologians Edwards land Hodge, as poets Pierro-  pont and Sprugue and , Longfellow  and Bryant, us sculptors Powers  and Crawford and Faimer, as painters such men as West and Cole and  Intmin and Kciisett? And among the  living Americans what galaxies of intellectual splendor and power!-' Edward Eggloston and Will Carlcton  nnd Mark Twain and John Kendrick  Bangs and Marion Harlnnd and Mrii-  garet Sangster and Stockton and  Churchill and Hopkinson Smith and  Irving Bachcller* and Julia Ward  Howe and Amelia (Barr nnd Brander  Matthews and Thomas Nelson Page  and Elizabeth Stuart Phelps und William Bean Howolls and a scoro of  others, some of them fixed stars and  somo motcois  As tlie pen has advanced our col-  legos and universities and observatories have followed the waving of  its plume. Our literature is of two  kinds ��� that on foot and that on  the,.wing By tho former I mean the  firm and substantial "works which  will go down through the centuries  When, on the oilier hand, 1 speak  of litcratuic on the wing, 1 mean  the newspapers of tlie land  How things have marvelously  changed' We used to ciy because we  had to go to school.: Now children  cry if thoy cannot go. Many of  them can intelligently discuss political topics long before they havo  seen a ballot box or, tensed by.somo  poetic muse, can 'compose!'articles for  the newspapers. Philosophy and astronomy and chemistry, have boon so  improved that he must be a genius  at dullness ..who' knows nttthing about  them On one shelf of a poor man's  library is more practical-.-knowledge  thnri in the 400,000'volumes !of ancient Alexandria, arid education is  possible for the most indigent, and  no legislatuie oi congiess foi the  last fifty years ha-s assembled which  has not had in it rail splitters and  farmeis and ch overs or men who  havo been accustomed to toiling with  tho hand and the foot.  The giain fields have passed their  harvests above the veto of drought  and deluge. The freight cars aro not  large enough to bring down : the  S".iin to the seaboard. The canal  boats are crowded with breadstufls  Hark to the lushing of the wheat  through the groat, Chicago corn elevators! Hark to the rolling of the  hogsheads of the Cincinnati pork  packets' Enough to cat. and at low  pi ices, enough to we.u, and of homo  manufacture. If some have rind some  have not, then miiy God help, those  who have to iiniid over to those who  have not! Clear the track for the  mil tiains that i ush on bunging the  wheat and the cotton and the rice  and'the barley and the oats arid the  hops and the lumber and the leather  and everything for man and everything! for beast1  Lift up your eyes, O nation of  God's light hand, at the gloiious  prospects1 Build larger your barns  for the harvests; dig deeper the vats  for the spoil of the vineyards; enlarge the .warehouses for the merchandise; multiply galleries of art  for tho pictuics and statues Ad  vance, O,nation of God's right hand,  but_i emember _that_n.itional_wealth,  if*unsanctified,-is sumptuous waste,  is moral itiin, is magnificent woe, is  splendid rottenness, is gilded death  Woe to us for the wine vats if  drunkenness wallows in them! Woo  to us for the harvests if greed sickles  them! Woo to us for the merchandise if avarice swallows it! Woe to  us for the cities if misrule walks  theml Woo to the laiid if God defying crime debauches ill .Our only  safety is in moro Bibles, -moro  churches, more free schools, moro  good men nnd more good women,  more consecrated printing presses,  moro of tho gloiious gospel of tho  Sou of God, which will yot extirpate all wrongs and introduce"' all  blessedness.  But the preachers on TKanksgivIng  morning will not detain with long  sermons their hearers from the homo  gionp The housokeepois will bo angry if the guests do not arrive until  the viands are cold. Sol the chairs  to tho table ��� the easy chairs for  grandfather, and.grandmother, if thoy  be still alive; the high chair for the  youngest but not the least. Then  put out your hand to take the full  cup, of thanksgiving. Lift it r.nd  bring it toward your lips, your  hands trembling with emotion, and  if the chalice shall overflow..-, and  tricklo a few drops on ��� the lable do  not be disturbed, but let it suggest  to you the words of the psalmist and  lead you thankfu'Jv *-o say, "My cup  runneth over!"  THE RUG DESIGNERS  PATTERNS DESCEND  FROM   PARENT  TO CHILD IN THE ORIENT.  Itcacons Why Animal Figures Are  Itnrcly Seen on Persian ��� Rq&i,  Prnycr Hags of tlie Mohammedans  and Their Use���The Hue" ol Slras.  The designs of eastern rugs are often  the spontaneous outcome of the fancy  of the weaver. Sometimes they aro  handed down from oue generation to  another. In some cases young girls nre  taught the design by nn adult, who  marks It in the send. At other times a  drawing of the rug Is made on paper,  the Instructor showing her pupils the  arrangement of every thread and the  color to he used. When all this has  been done, the pupils must make the  rug without looking at the drawing. >  Persian rugs excel those of other  countries In artistic design ns well as  In harmonious coloring. The Persians  seeni to have u natural Intuition in the  use and blending of different shades,  nml In the designs that contain these  certain colors they achieve the happiest  results. It Is really wonderful what  exquisite, fabrics these .people, born  nnd reared lu Ignorance and poverty,  produce.  The designs In Persian ,rugs are generally, floral, and in some districts, especially Fars, the women weavers Invent the designs, varying them every  two or three yearn. The Mohammedan  religion docs not allow any direct representation of animal forms, consequently rugs woven under Its Influence  take floral, geometric and vegetable  forms. The Shlnh sect of Moslems,  however, numbering about 15,000,000,  of whom 8,000,000 are Persians, do not  regard representations of animals bb  unlawful. By the Industry of this sect  and that of Infidels and of all who disregard the law of the Koran animal  forms are seen on some Persian rugs.  The prayer rug was evidently Invented for the purpose of providing the  worshipers with one absolutely clean  place on which to offer prayers. It Is  not lawful for a Moslem to pray on any  place not perfectly clean, and unless  ouch one has his own special rug he is  not certain that the spot has not been  polluted. With regard to the purity of  the place of prayer Mohammedans are  specially careful wheu making their  pilgrimages,-the' rugs which they take  with them having been preserved from  pollution by being rolled up until the  journey Is begun or until the hour for  prnyr arrives. It does not matter to  these followers of Mohammed how  unclean a rug that Is on the floor may  be, because ovcr it they place the prayer rug when their devotions begin.  The Turkish rugs made at Sivas are  always woven of wool, and almost every hamlet carries on the Industry of  weaving in the homes. There are no  factories, tho. young girls and women  doing the work hero as in other parts  of Tuikey. Sivas rugs are In most  cases small, measuring about eight by  four feet, but In these years larger and  more attractive rugs are, being mnde.  Even the poorest families have line  rugs, for they regard them ns valuable  piopeity, to be sold only under the  piessure of gieat extiemlty. The weav  ers are so frugal In their manner of  living that tholr dally earning of 15 to  10 cents Is sufficient to supply their  wants. Their food consists usually of  rice aud crushed wheat; with occasionally a small piece of mutton.  Smyrna Is only a mart for the sale  of comparatively Inferior rugs that are  made in the Interior from the coarse  hair of tho Angora goat. These arc  woven In Irregular designs and, although not artistic, are .largely sought  as coverings for the bare floors and to  add warmth. The weaving of these  rugs Is'crudely done by girls and women. Sometimes the loom ls primitively constructed from the truuks of trees.  The deslgus nre very simple niul have  cither been handed dowu from earlier  generations or are supplied from the  city.  Viirulc rugs are so called from a bnnd  of nomads who dwell among the mountains of Anatolia. Tliey have large  flocks of fine sheep and weave rugs of  firm, even texture. The colors nre very  good, the Qeld often of dark brown, ornamented with large designs.  About 200 years ngo small embroidered rugs were largely made In Persia,  chiefly nt Ispahan.- Those wore prayer  rugs, nnd on vnch of them, near one  end, wns a stunll embroidered mark to  show where the bit of snered earth  from Mecca was to be placed. In obedience to a law of the Koran that the  hend must lie bowed to the ground In  prayer this was touched by the forehead when the presentation was mnde,  and so the letter of the law Was carried  out. The custom prevails. The Persian  women who weave the finest prayer  rugs .seldom weave any other kind of  rug. ���'���������-������ ��  Ills Grror.  Consumer���I say, whnt kind of a  cigar do you cnll this? It's the worst  tpbncco I. ever'tasted.  Dealer���Beg your pardon, but you  are wholly Inerror. There Isn't a pnr-  tlcle of tobacco In thnt clgnr. It Is so  easy to be mistaken, don't ypu see J  Trials of a Lecturer.  A well known English woman lecturer tel'.M these stories at her own espouse:  "I was," she snys, "on n tour through  the provinces, and oue night as I appeared,on the platform In a small town  the C-ialrmnn Introduced ine to my audience in the following wny: 'You have  hoard of Mr.'Gladstone, the Grand Old  Mini. Let ine now Introduce to you  the grand old Momaii.' This was Intended ns n sincere compliment.  "Ou another '.occasion a bluff old farmer, who boasted of his ability to look  on all sides of "a question, announced  me as follows: 'This lady's come here  to talk about her rights,' he said. 'She's  hired the hall, and so she's got a right  to be here, and If any of you don't like  what she's got to sny you've got an  equal right to walk but In the middle  on't'"  Awny From Borne.  It Is becoming the fashion for a woman to seek a maternity hospital that  her children' may be born amid conveniences lacking at home. The children  nie sent away from home to school.  They are mnirled away fiom home, aud  membcis of the  family nre taken to  hospitals ror their final Illness ai  led from an undertaker's parlor^  becoming a fnsbion to take ever;  from home except the' family]  They are still sacred to the  hearth. '..'. ..; '_���'���-J ������'  Italian Brigandage In l.cJ  One summer evening In the I  theater an Impatient house dij  the drawing of the curtain prell  to the first net.   When nt Inst'  upraised, 11 Pnssatore and bis nil  band occupied the stage, with musj  alined nt the nffrlghted audience.   .  chief staled thnt he should levy a  per lienil, which he then and there ���  lected.   The gnng made off with tli)  booty unmolested.  Cold.  The specific gravity of gold ta 10.50  that Is, It weighs nineteen* nnd avjjaj  times tis much ns its own bull-; of  ter.  The ductility and malleability^  this metal are equaled by no other,  ductility Is meant the property of all  lowing Itself to be drawn out Into ii  who and by m.illonblllty Its property)  of flattening without splitting under  the hammer.  Make Some One Happy.  Charles Klng.sley thus counseled a  friend:. "Make It a rule nnd: pray to  God to help.you to keep It never, If,possible, to lie down at night without being able to sny, 'I have made one human being nt least a little wiser, a little hnppler or a little better this dny.'  You will find It easier than you think  and pleasunter."  Bowlegged, Sailors.  Sailors nre a bowlegged class. An  old salt always walks as If he were on ���  the deck of a ship, and be never takes  gieat strides like a. landsman. He la  used to having towalk great distances;  In his Imagination, on the quarter, deck,  nnd he can't Ret rid of the habit of  making the most of his promenade.  The tlpnnfre.  The Rponge reproduces its kind main,  ly by eggs. In each nnlmnl nre contained both the!male and the female  elements, nnd! It [throws out the ova to  be hutched In the water. At flrst-tlie  joung are flee swimming, and afterward they attach' themselves to convenient spots una grow.  From Different Standpoints.  Ethel���Oh, nt li&t! Il has been years,  Alphonso, since I Mi jou.  Alphonsc���Oh, by own Ethel, it has  been centime"!     I  Ethel's Fntherj (up In the librnry)���  Mary Jane, who vins that you just let in?  Mnry Jnne���It lias Mr. Ctmilots. sir.  Ethel's PnthcifUipit guns! This ii  the ninth time hci's been heie this week.  He might as welljhve heie. -  Why Colniibns Thought So.  TcirIhm ���\\ lint| led Columbus to conclude tlint tlie vi < JI il wns i ound V  Ilright I'.n.v���Well, lus e\peni'iice with  it pioied that it iwib auythiug hut square.  i  It is difficult t> rnii.ince tho man who  Is stalling that ihe woild is plowing better or the one iho has jti��t dined 'Veil  thm it is getting noise.���Pittsbuig Dis-  natch.  Irritability, Sleeplessness, Feelings of Lassitude and Depression, Weakness and Ir  regularity of the Bodily Organs.  -/.  Those are tho symptoms which point to a depleted nervous system. Tliey tell of thin, weak, watery  blood, of wasting vitality and lack of energy and ambition. They warn you that nervous prostration, locomotor ataxia,  paralysis and even insanity are possibilities of the future. ,  Mrs. Henry Clarke, Port Hope, Ontario, states ���M have used seven boxes of Dr. Chase's Nervo Pood  for nervousness and a completely run down system, and can heartily recommend it as a wonderfully effective  ', i eat ment. Before using this remedy I ha-d been in very poor health for some months. I Eccmvyj, *uhave no  energy or ambition, rell tired and listless most of the time, and could scarcely drag myself about the. y��e.  I wns weak, irritable and nervous, could not sleep well, and felt discouraged alout my health. Dr. Utiakd'S  Kci vo Food has taken away thi se symptoms and given back my, usual health and vigor, consequently I* en-  dorso it fully."  rills the fihi-ivelled arteries with now, rich blood, strengthens and revitalizes the nerves by forming new  nerve foico and gradually and thoroughly overcomes disease and weakness. It forms new healthy tissues  and gi\es a well rounded form and clear, healthy complexion to all who uso lt. 50 cts. a box, 6 boxes for  I?] .50.   At all dealcis, or Edmanson,  Bates & Co., Toronto.  f HAVE always given proof of anything- that I claimed for my Electric!  A Belt, because 1 lcno\v-t_iat_tl_(^re~are peopliTwho claim-a"great~lleaj  more for their remedies than   the  truth  would justify.    If you want  remedy which will cure you, it seems wise for you to take the one tha  has cured others.     I  have  published  thousands  of testimonials fron  cured patients, and I will pay $1,000 in gold for evK' nee showing tha|  I have ever used a testimonial which was not truCV-nc. honest.  Dp. McLaughlin's Eleotrlo Belt Cures Rheumatism, Lur  bago, Pains and Aches ln any part of the^Body, Weaknes  ,   ln any part of the Body, Tired Feelings, Sleeplessness, Prer  *& ature Old Age, Weak Stomaoh, Weak Kidneys, Loss of Vin(  Ambition and Youthful Fire.  don't ask any man to buy my appliance on a speculation. I kni!  tha it will cure these troubles and I want my pay only when the cuj  is complete. I don't ask you to try it one month, nor two months, b|  long enough to cure you, and whan I have cured you you can pay me. If I fail in my task it's my loss, n|  yours. All you lose is your tim^f And if my Belt fails to cure you you will have the satisfaction of knowl  that the best, strongest and finest electric body appliance in the world���one with 50,000 cures to its credit j  has failed, and that there-is no cure for you in electricity.    Remember,  my terms are  [FREE BOOK}  FREE TESi  I have just completed my beautiful Illustrated Book telling how it -1  cures tho wonkness of men and women.   It's worth reading.    I will   J  send it closely sealed FREE upon request.   Call, if possible, and I  will explain what my licit will do.   Call or write to-day,   ���  \f\ AHTIftlU Bowaro of concerns offering a thin plcco of folt as n substitute for my oushlon electrodes. Theso cheap coverings A  wHV I IV/l��i      Uicdonlyto disKiilso tholr bnro niotal blistering; electrodes.   Ihey havo to bosoakod in  eaves thorn m Ithout current.   My cushion olectrodes are m> oxclusii 0 Im ention und ennnot bo Imitated.  If you lmvo 0110 of those old style, blistering bolts I 11 ill tako it 111 trnilo foi ono of mine I do tliis not that tho old bolt is of any ubo,'1  ib is notj but to establish tho .aluo of my goods with pooplo Mho haio been misled bj tho falbo claims of concerns soiling a choap. worj  DR. M.  B.'WicLAUGHMfM, 130 Yonge St., Toronto, Or  P  il  loss artlclo.  Olllco Hours-8 tun. to 8.30 p.m.  mmmmm -ta^a.v_g_iJ_.i..��<!>_i.-w ww '"���trniflv  fMtteirj. ���hgytferi^SSTTil  ��� -f....[-y-  -^  a. Hnm��MU,tU..  T  a__m.fi >ii��ti-wwrji��feM<b^au4__j_^_tt____3_tia___U____n*tt  fr.  THE INTjEVENDfcNf:  BATIHUXAY TANCART 4, 1902  |i|��.tf*  /  ��,-* ,  Inventory Shoe Sale  Wo are going .to take inventory on January 13th, and  -wc have too many shoes and for the next ton days wc will  clear out all broken lines at one-third to ono-half below  their value.  Don't miss this opportunity.  W. J- ORR? 420-422 Westminster Ave  croip  *>y  it/he  aln  McARTHUK  &  LOUGHEAD,  CORNER    BARGAIN   STORE.  Dry Goods, Small Wares, House Furnishings, Men's Furnishings,  Oil Cloth, Linoleums, Etc.  "     Corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street.  We Would Be Pleased  ��� To have you calLandrexamine^our stock of Holiday  Toys, Books,.Christmas Card's'and Calendars. 'The stock  is very complete and prices away down.  Century Su|i|)ly Company,  Near City Grocery  442 Westminster Avenue  Knowdell & Hodgson  512 Granville St., Vancouver.  Dealers in  StoKS, Ranges, Tinware,  Griraitenare, Cotlerj and  SlllllgS  Prices right. Call and see for yourselves.  MAIL ORDERS receive prompt attention. -  SEWS OFTHE LABOR WORLD  c  Canadian.  CoaJ Is scare at Sandon, B   C.  A laibor i_aipei   will be published.In  Quebec.' ' \  t -   .  TJie _3o__niaJteis' union oC Toronto ,is  flourishing; rr     -   -     -  "1  Tbe bulldlru. ti idos'oE Halifax lepoit  Work exceedingly good., ....  >     it'**'*". ,' -  & laibel leaguo to boom the- uiion la  licJa at London, Out. luu> been formed.  . Waiter II, Wooilbum Qias been etecte-d  Uhe first mayor of 'the Yukon, foi Grand  JPtarka-      '       . ���   , r   ;      .  The .Amalgamated Carpenters of To-  rmrtto (have appointed a it-?ulai busl-  mees'agent.'     - - >     > ,  /  Capital Assembly,of ithe iK. of L. has  recently been organized at Obtawa \. Ith  a lamre meiiuibetstiii)^ '  ;  The WiinnlpeB; Labor pafty liars'decided to retain" its name" And also voted  in favor of compulusory vaccination.  ���nhe'BoIlernialkers.' -union ofJ"\Vdnnlp��s  fes elected S Biovui and S J. Lup-  ton "president and secretary iespec-  Mvely. _ .,,,'%���  The demand ,for men in 'Wie' ^lumbar  casnps m Quelbec Is" ver> good. Wages  tor choppers range from $22 'to $24 per  month, <\vdtH board  The Ottawa Building Trades council  baa ii_a/die a beginning in technical education Iby opeiiJng classes of Jnstrute-  tlon for carpenters land joiners,  ,  . fe,.' > -?-.' ���. * <" *- "  " The iftsheries, which rank auwJng the  �����riailn industries of Novj, Scotlla, have  proved satisfactory. Uh-ls year. The Fall  usu-tawea llisMng wus a failure, Ibut the  season as a wllvole has ibeen a, good one.  The Quebec corporation has Inserted a clause <<om.pelllng contnaotois to  juty the curient rate of irtuges, and  placing itheiii'llnlmunii,'for laborers at  $1 a day of eight hours, or i2 l-3o an  tiour. t i      (  'A collision on *he Soo branch, near  Tbessalon, on Chi laluuas Day, resulted  (a tlhe death of at least four of the  train ihanda nind serious injuries to four  more, besides exteaishie "damage to rolling stack.  Five girls nult work In the egg--pack-  tnK factoiy at London, Ont. because  their' employer -would not ii>ut up a  Htove. AUtor being away three days  the Btove waa put up, and they resumed  operations.  Inatructlons are lwlng prepared by  tlhe Canadian Pacific Railway company  fco'go over -She entire line and Instruct  train crenvs upon ithe new standard  American rules .regarding signals,  lights and methods of i mining. The  Grand Trunk.and Canadian Pacific^ recently reached an agreement to use  these rules tn future. -The Grand Trunk  has been {unrig the system'all summer,  Suit -many of the rules are new ln���the  Cainladlan Paciilc system, which makes  the use'Of instructors necessary. The  Introduction of the*universal sj'stem  wHill snaJble any Canadian engineer to  handle a Grtiln om an' American*.' line  " Thene'aie about 10,000,000 feet of lumi-  l��er 1iung iup along Wie chores of the  St: John river, New Brunswick, for a  distance of -ajbouit^twenty miles Tlie  lumbermen ilmtercsste'd haine had the logs  hauled over tihe Iceland ibainted above  hlgih vvaJtei iwu k _- t-ne pi ice paid was  from 5 to li2 cents a log.  'Une Lalbor 'Gazette"says that coudV  noma at Toronto continue generally favorable, tooth sWlled and unskilled U-  ���boi- being Jn active deino-nd The building Vf many new lactones indicates  ,'thait the piosjiects for Uie immedla,te  future .aire eaicoui aging  The 'building trades of Ottawa are all  busy. The Ibricklayers and stonemasons  aite vioillcing oieiitune on an addition  to the house "of commons For ovei-  fcrme Ohey get 72 cents an hour, 'as high  a "rate aa has ever been paid for tnlis  class of MOik iu the city.  The negotiations between ithe committee of locoiaoKVe engineers on ithe eastern division of the CauadHaii Pacific  railway and the general superintendent  at'Montreal, vvfcth i-egaird to a n-e-v  wage schedule have resulted In a compromise in which the company Uias conceded an advance to the men.  There are over UO milk dealers at  Hamilton, who mostly drive their own  ���wagons, each / Becuring a, living. A  J��Uine Milk coi-n>oratloii has started wftbh  $160,000 capital. ' Four thousand dol-.  'lars' woith of machinery has been put  tn, and local mlltanen are afraid the  *tru5 -wiHTdillve'them out'of'tl^e busl="  ness.  The census teturns of manufacturing  Industi'icH In Toronto show satisfactory  incneasea In the .past ten years, - In 1891  tihe munvber of employees wafl 24,480 and  In 1901 Hie number was 43,866, an Increase of 18,768. The o-mtamt paid in  wages In 1891 w'us W,012,125, In 1S01 the  mrnount \in�� *1G398,S1B, an Increase .if  $6,336,964. In 1S31 t'he value of the pro-  ducta of all the factories was ��42,498,-  332, and lu 1301 )38,870,875, an Increase  of ?16,591.(>23.  Dunlitg tho nnonth of November, i*iys  tihe Laibor Gazette, organizations were  foiinned 1n the following crafts. Sydney, N. 'S, printers; Moncton, N. B,  freight 'handlers; St. John, N. B��� bar-  tendean, painters and decorators, Char-  lotitetown, P. D. I, prlntera; Valley-  ileld, <jue��� canpeintem and joiners; Ottawa, Ont, assembly of Knights of Labor; 6t. ftlary's, Ont, delivery boys;  "Winnipeg, Man , trackmen; Vancouver,  B. C, eleotiical woitkers: Victoria, B  'c, letter carriers.  'Tills jteair the province of Manitoba  has probably flguied to a greater et  tent dn Canadian affairs  commercial  Chan heretofore.    It was hi 1811  th'at  Lord Selkirk offered to sell awr^ than  half the land tn wlhat ls now tj^. ^^  inoe of (Manitoba, for $a0,000.. The "  nepoi-t whioh ihas Just bee^ p. epajed  the depaitnient of af'^jeuitUTe foi  province shows 'fl*At the totiil gi  yield this year }s S5,179,S3S bushels,  made up as {colona. Wheat, 50,302,0S>5  bushels; oats, 27,7D6,',.SS ibushels, barley,  G,3JC.1C'�� l.tmhels; lla\-. 266,420 buiJIiels,  rye. OS.Jfil bushels, ^iis, 16,319 bu.<��hels.  American.  The coi.- stiukers of Young-stown, O.,  Ihave oifi.inlzcd and sccuned aninc'iease  ln wages, which aie now J2 50 .iday.  The Moitheastein Railway It about  to adapt Auieiican electric signaling  methiHls. The directors huve placed  an tinpoitant older wltih a signal company of New Yoi'k.  It ils repotted Ahat some tiunk-line  ofllcials 'have been investigating the ef-  fecit of the 200.000-pound locomotive and  t'he 100,000-pound capacity fi eight cars  upon the otdlnary tiack. It is found  that no iall Joint yelt intioduced Is t'ap-  .nble of withstanding the sttaln and  piai-eiit'-rg the Hacks from getting  i ougih.  A party of about 100 Greete has been  Ibrought to Stockton, Cal, to grow  sugai beets on the Naglee Burke trait  of land Lack of BaUa The foreigners  weie bi ought f'on Ogden and attiaet  conshderaible attention The Gieeks are  in ehaige of a boss, and all of the men  are single Tliey 'have 'been working in  Uhe Utah beet fields, and the boss says  Miey aie esperts'in.cultivating suirar  tSet'ts-  An Important agreement has been  enteitd into toy tlhe employing punters  of New Yoittt city and Typographical  Union, No 6, wOildh insureis an increase  of w lgc of $1 a vi eek foi compositors  Un the ibook and Job branches ofthe  tiade the 6bh day of January, and a  further Incieose of>30 cents a weeJt on  October 1, 1D02 The agreement Is binding for three years., and a ipeimament  confeience committee is to be appointed  to setltle mill disputes as to tlhe construction of shop rules, which are to be  piepaied by a joint committee between  now and Mardh 1st  lAccoidlng to tlhe- Railroad Gazette'.,  annual estimate ior Dhe year ending  Deoembei 31st the amount of mileage  Ibuilt Iby the railioads was 4,518 miiles  Iby 342 companies,, as, against 1.S04 built  by 2S6 companies last year' As, in 1900,  Texas leads in ths amount of newtiack  laid,' with S31 mines, Oiklahoma is second, with 39S, and West Vuginia*tlhii-d,  iwlth 266. In Canada 133 companies  built 6">8 miles of new load durln��- the^  same period. No completed railroid  Ibmlldlng at all was tapoit.diin Connee-  jticut, Utah, New,.Haini>Shne and Ne-  "biaskia, althougQi tihere Is work la pio-  Duiing  gress In the,lai>t-named etate  the year 142,5W cars weie built; the  largest number ever built in one. yeai,  of whidh 130,389 viere freight cais foi  UiO Iin the U S^, 4,339' freight (a.s  weie ibuilt foi espoi t.  New Yoik State Labor Commissioner  John Miockln sa>s in his quarterly bulletin that duilng the third quaiter of  the'jekr 1899 only 2 3 per cent, of, the  tiade unionists were continually Idle,  last year -3 4 per cent, and ths year 3 1  per cent. The proportion of unionists  Idle at 'the end of September vvas 4 7  per cent ln 1899, >13 3 per icent. In 13<M,  'and 6 9 per cent iin 1901. Precisely the  same conditions are eshowm by the aver-  aige numlber of days worked in the thli d  <iuartei^-71 in 1899, 07 In 1900 and' 70 ln  1S01 iAs a resuilt, the average quarterly  earnings of the imen in 1901 weie about  $12 more tihan in 1000 and $3 less tham  in 1899. This slight difference in favor  ofthe fall af 1899, whJoh was a phenomenally prosperous season, Is due largely  to some loss of employment in bhe  building triides of New Yorlk oity. The  total imembershlp of the unions at the  end of September vvas 276,141, whicih is  the_Jiigheet_flgiire~yet-attained���The  number of female memlbers was 14,618,  a gain of nearly 40 per cent.''*  foreign.  Sydney's papulation, according to the  Labor Eight  The bread carters of Sydney receive  45s <a week of 60 hours.  The Melbourne canpeniters Tare on  stnlke for a rise of ls a day.  The tnjlloresses of Sydney are on  sti Ike for an Increase in ^wages.  The tariff, ��iys the Sydney Worker,  has killed the FIJt banana, trade at  Sydney.  The Stockholm Board of Trade  charges 52 per cent, of its pauperism as  due to lalcahol.  It is reported that the Chinese court  will engage an American adviser at  $16,000 a year.  Co-operative stores iln England cause  allarm aimonp the^ retailers, who fear  they imay be crowded out.  Words camtot describe the villalhious  deeds comrnitlted in China by itihe Russians, French and Cermbms.  'Bus drivers of Australia -work 16 to  117 hours a day, and aire paid a maxi  mum of ��3 a wieek of seven days.  Britain's  colonies,   including    India,  haivte 336,1100,000 people���six    itllmea the  population of tte United Kingdom.  o  At Sydney W. 'M. Hughes, M. P , has  been eleoted president of the Australian Trolly, Braymen and Carters'  union.  The law--which has hltlhei to prevents!  men with ifalse teeth from shouldering  tihe gun In England's cause has been  repealed.        '  The production of gold in the Rand  district of South Afilca Jn Novemlb2r  was 39,075 ounces, an Increase of 5.6S2  ounce< aver Octobct.  The Federal Labor pai ty of Australia piopose tariff reductions ivmount-  lng 'to aibout $5,000,000, and Jn all likelihood will win thdlr demands  Theie are 60,000 policemen ln Great  Biltalln. Of these England 'has 44,832,  Scotland, l,74i: Iieland, 12,163, "Walej,  1,283, the Me of .Man, 62.  A $33,000,000 International 'kojalc tru^t  ls being fonned It vvlll include ,>rlii-  clpal Jlims in America, England, Germany, 'France and, Russia,  government statistician, ts 4Si2,3S2; tout  If we taJce Uie post oflice as centie to a  radius of ten mulles, the ipoipulation ls  493,262, if Spect'acle Inland be made Wie  centte, the population lis 321,107  Tom Mann iwill probably sC'ttle in  New Zealand' He iS 45 years ot age,  a native of Waiw .ckKhira, e\-piesidetit  of the Federated Dock, Ship and River  Woikers, and cx-seci-etairy to the Independent Labor party He has been  a faimur, coai-uunei- and engineer  Many trades m^Geimany aie surfer-  'ing fiom depie_,sion, onostly in SasOny  In Leipsic the p-ilce of pro;  visiiO'iis has wsen 7 1-2 per cent, and  in otiher towns 12 1-2 per cent The  Saxon government has empowered Iocail  committees to establish relief woiks  A DOUBLE STRIKE.  "I had a coloied man vvorking for me  in la warehouse foi $20 ai month,' sail  the Pittsiburg man, "and a few weeks  ago he caire to me and s,ild.  ""'Mars   Phillips,   I  ain't  dun  Riffled, and I'ze gvnne to ��tnke fo' ihilghe  wages    I wants $30 a month, or I goes  out"  ' Lodk 'here, George," I said m reply,  "I am also dissatisfied and am going  to strike I don't think you ar*e worth  ?_�� a nonth,J and if you won't talke $15  you can go '������>''��� i  He went away and thought it over  for aw'hile and then returned to say  ' Look he'ie, Mars Phillips n Meibbe I  hain't got dis yeio  business right'  "As'to how ��" I asked ���  " 'Bout the strikm'."  "Th'at was all light. You struok for  $20 a month." .   "Sartln,I did, but jou turned right  around 'and struck for $16 "    ' '  "Yes, arid that was all right,'too  Didn t vou know tWat there were two  sides to a fctrlke'"       '  "I nebber, nebber , did, sa,h "Just  thought deie was ojie side and ii vv'as  all ml.ie 'Poais like I'd got all muddled up and I wan to do sunthin "  "Well, what is, it'"  '"iJvMants to call my s*nke off, and  I vi ants you to call yo' strike off, and  I wants to go to wonk ag'in for $20 a  month and Je��t break my old back flop-  pin' dem bin ls ob lime 'round de warehouse "  I agreed to the proposal and he is  woiking foi me at Che old wages and  whittling in contentment"     M QUAD.  Tbe Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   the   corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets.   Case  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents. t  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore -falling appetite and  correlr any kind of stomach trouble  50 c.'box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co.���' ������=   Pacific Bot fling  Works.  Importers and Bottlers  '  GOKE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  ���  ;;YOU'LL, NEED. HEAT  <* 66  Before long now.   The best heaters made ���"  ���the cheapest to buy and the most eco- j  nomical to use are the  f*  ���  AIR-TIGHTS AND      A  BASE   BURNERS.      .$.  made by the McClary Mfg. Co. ���  % Wm. KALPI1,126 Hastings St. ���;  ���  SOLE AGENT  +  McLennan,, Mcfecly ��* Co*  ���WiHOnBSALE AND HETAHJ  DEALERS  IN  Shelf and Heavy   BUB _��._��-J- ..^_���'.  arciware  MAIL  ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  Before Stock Taking  ���we iwll for the next threo weeks sell our broken lines and  odd sizes of. Suits and Overcoats at a generous cut below regular prices.  Overcoats that were $8.50 to $18,50, now $6.50 to $12.50  Suits that were $8.50 to $21.50, now $6.50 to $16.50.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT �� CO.  ' 104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., Opp. Wm. Ralph's.  BWIWWWmiHIBit^  This line is a wonder, G. XV.   Leather  lined, latest styles, light or heavy sole.  PARIS GREEN. ' HELLEBORE  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the ex-  termlnaitton' of' the CUT WORM and  other Insects���for'eale by the McDow-_  ell, Atkins, Watson Company, The  Druesjl2rts�� Vancouver.  I  | :   GEO. HAY   : $  Jfc     Vnneoiner'o    Pioneer    ClothjB     ^  ]J>      Kenovator, makes a suit now.      *J*  X Dyeing end Repairing, a  a 216 Cjlmeib St., Vamooutkb. a  4�� �������������������� �������������������  O  11 Wishing the  �� Citizens of Vancouver  i i  i> a Prosperous   -,  o  , rNew-Year^^* =-  t>  11 ���wc again want it known that ,  11 we are still doing business at tlio -  i I old stand and invite you to make -  ^ us a call.  !Get prices, noto quality and lie ,  happy for 1902.  ! FORD'S GROCERY  T    Tel. 72S.   25 Hastings St. C.    T  /W ML TYSON,  WHOLWiU HID XITiLlL DULBB IM  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St. 'Phone 442  For tho next 80 days you can get a suit at  your own price at *  THE   ACME  To introduce our new lystem ot UiUillg fe��  lore onr Fall Stock anlm."  The"  MEHIS EM1K:  3O8GCCO00G0C00O0CC  Having tho Only Up-to-Date Grill Room  inB C. which lu itself is a guarantee,  ot a First-Class Hotel and Restaurant. .  Seymour Streeet,  ��AYOV  THEATRE  McDo>eh, A'Sivraov ..   ..Proprietors.  Alf. F James    .    ..    Stage Manager.  Week Commencing,  Monday, Next  ���Artisticjand RefinedVaudeviiie.-  EVERY- ACT 4 FEATURE.  . . MAKES A SI-BCIALTY Of . .  o    tors special umieur, also - ���  o    bsm's Black UDe( uonear imay  -LARGK STOCK OF-  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props-  Coihir Cordova akd Carrai l.  21 Stoma ��.  C 1. Hottaotf, brttar.  Offers an excellent opportunity to  Busy   Slioppers-  EvEitithing Ri-miCBD.'     *"���'  K. 0. BUCHANAN ��*'CO��7  ,      *  CBOCKEBY Atof HOUSE TURNISHINOS, V     ' -  OppoiKe City Hall, 'Westminster Arenue.   ,  f Vancouver, A C,   , - ,0 *r --  -.     ..^t--^ '       -r-      -> i*"*       f      'if  *��� - ^   .      -��� '   ',r  i f  ^    '    y'iz'* , THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER, B. C.  NOT SO STRANGE.  Ait Firs, nii'.nli. However, His Nen-o  SeoitiH A_>pii_li_ii_*.  The hour was growing late, and yet he  s:it and sat in the parlor.  She yawned openly and above board,  and yet lie didn't take the hint.  "Wait till 1 set the pitcher out for the  milkman," she snid at length and disappeared, only to find him comfortably ensconced in nuother chair upon her return  aud with uo uppareut idea of taking the  tip.       7.:-.  "My," sho gasped, yawning again eav-  ernously, "but it sounds quiet! I believe  the ears have stopped."  "Uh-liuh," said he and sat ou.  She went down to the basement to put  tbe cat out, aud he was still perched on  his chair looking wide -awake wheu she  returned to the parlor.  "Tho morning paper hasn't come yet,"  sho said affably, but meaningly.  "Tbat so?" said he, twisting bis mustache, and he went on sitting ia the  parlor.  "How little sleep you require!" sho  broke out a trifle impatiently after a  pause.  "Uh-huh," said bo musingly.  "Well," said sit after another pause,  rising and stretching her arms, "I believe I shall go to bed."  "Well, doggone the luck," said he,  emerging from his reverie and glaring  at.her, "why the dickens don't you, instead of gaping in my face that way?  Who the deuce's keeping you up,'anyway?".  Whereupon she bestowed an amiablo  smile upon him and went up stairs.  Eemarkable?  Not so very. Ho was her husband, you  see, and ho was sitting in the parlor sulking and glooming und nursing his grouch  because he'd been invited to sit into a  little game of poker that night and  couldn't accept the same because he  didn't have the dough to buy. the first  round of chips.���Washington Post  GUS' SATISFACTION.  He find I'roof.,  "Say, ma!"  "Well?" '���>���  "There are seven liars In our class at  . school."  "Oh, I wouldn't say that, denr.    You  might bo mistaken.",  "No, I ain't.     Yesterday the teacher  ;snid all of us that never told a lie should  hold up our hands."  "Ami   there   were    seven   there   who  didn't hold up their hands?"  j    'Wo.    There were seven that did,"���  Chicago Keeord-llerald.  I    believe    MIXARD'S    LINIMENT  will cure every case of Diphtheria.  SIRS.  REUBEN BAKER.  Riverdale.  1 believe MINARD'S LINIMENT  will produce growth of hair.  MRS. CHAS. ANDERSON.  Stanley, V. E. I.  I believe MINARD'S LINIMENT  is the best household remedy on  earth.  MATTHIAS FOLEY.  Oil City,  Ont.  Both coal and tobacco smoke are  very injurious to lacquered surfaces.  Thos. Sabin, of Eglington, says: "I have  removed ten corns from my feet with Holo-  way's Oorn Cure." Reader, go thou and do  likewise.  The follow who falls in lovo often  finds difficulty in getting on his feet  again.  -"���MAUD'S LINIMENT Cures MM.  It' seems paradoxical but it is true  that when a man is so sot in his  views that we cannot turn him wo  call- him a crank.  SKEPTICISM. ��� Thib is unhappily an  age of skopticism, but thero is one point  upon which persons acquainted with tho subject agree, namely, that J)r. Thomas' Eeleo-  tric Oil is a medicine which can bo relied  upon to cure a cough, lemove pain, heal  eores of various kinds, and benefit any inflamed portion of the body to which it ia  applied.  Observation leads to the conclusion  that a political job is not hard after  you got it.  Beware of Ointments for Catarrh  That Contain Mercury,  ns mercury will suroly destroy tho sonso of sraoll  nnd completely dcrango tho whole system when  entering it through tho mucous surfaces. Such  articles should uivor bo used escepton prescriptions fiom reputablophysicians, as tho dumugo  thoy n-ill do is tenfold to tho good you can pos-  ibly derivo from tliem. Hnll'3 Catarrh Curo,  manufactured by F. J. Chancy & Co.,Tolcdo, O,  -contains no mercuryv-and-is-tal.ea intemally,-  acting directly upon the blood und mucous surfaces of tlio system. In buying Hall's Catarrh  CarobOFuroyougetthoncnuine. It is taken  inlomnlly, nnd mado in Toledo, Ohio, bylr. J.  Chonoy & Co.  Testimonials froo.  Sold by.Browfisti, prico 75c. per bottle.  Ball's Family Tills nro tho bost. >   <  Somo fellows' only idea of a good  time is to have a headache the next  morning.  Minarfl's Liniment Cores Barns. Etc,  Tho chorus girls in a performance  are there ns a matter of form.  The licst man does  wedding.  not win nt a.  We'll skip it, reader; for it would look  neseemly to begin a story with an oath  like that Gus G-nrley swore, standing  over his wife's dressing table that morning. And Gus wasn't a swearing man  either. .  How came he. then, to commit such a  breach of etiquette and ethicsV Woll.  may be you wouldn't havo done it; but  don't be too snro till you've heard enough  to bo able to "put yourself in his place."  Imagine a young husband :of six  mouths' standing.nrdent, fond and trusting, casually entering his wife's dressing-room in her absence, and stumbling  on a lnischioviousiooking, rose-colored  noto, freshly opened, a cupid in every  crease, nnd a lurkine lock of another's  hair���red���peeping Btealthily from ita  folds!  The very paper blushed guiltily as  Gus caught it up. Eagorly aud wildly  his eyes ran over tho contents. For a  moment ho stood amazed nnd motionless, and thon broko out���. But we've  promised to skip that. Perhaps any  other man would have given utterance  to as much, reading such a missive as  this, addressed to his wife:  " Affinity, Aug.���th, 18���,  "Dearest Kate :���How could you go and  marry that great, bulky   follow behind my  Imek, and without a word of notice V .  "Though I've returned too late lo forbid the  bans, I'm still in time to givo that lord and  master of yours a hint���whioh I mean to do������  thai an older love than his won't quiotly suiter  nnother to monopnti/.u its rights.  "Exnflct nie bv Monday, and keep a kiss for  "'Jour over affectionate Sam Smith."  Smith I Smith! Sam Smith! Faugh 1  What a name! Had it been Brown,  Jones or Bobinsou, there might have  been some hearing it. But Smith! And  red-headed, too [."Frailty, thy name is  woman I" Yet it might be that Smith  was some presuming puppy, whose vile  epistle was the sheer result of his own  impudence. But no; tne wife that  could receive such a communication and  conceal it from lier husband could not  he else than false.  Smith'8 heart's blood was the very  least atonement the case admitted of.  Had Gub been more collected, he might  probably have hided his time and taken  his peace-destroyer unawares and then  "tripped him," trusting to an intelligent jury and proof of a mental alibi to  bring him out all right. But he was  not sufficiently rational for that, and ao  ndoptod the foolish plan of summoning  Smith to mortal combat.  Gus had a friend, Captain Borax, a  retired quartermaster,thoroughly versed  in points of honor. The captain was  just tho man for tho emergency; but, as  ill luck would have it, he wus out of  town for the day. t  That no time might he lost, Gus demanded satisfaction by mail, directing  his challenge to the address indicated in  tiie caption of Smith's note, and fixing  a time and placo at which his friend,  Captain Borax, would bo prepared to  confer with any friend of Smith's. At  the 6iime time ii brief message to Mrs.  Gurley explaino 1 that important business necessitated her'husband's absence  for tho next few days. Meanwhile,  Gus took up quarters at an obscure  country inn, leaving everything to the  management of tho captain, whom he  had succeeded in finding at last, and  who, proud to bo sought for such a service, promptly repaired to the appointed  rendezvous, where he was punctually  met by a friend of Smith's. The preliminaries were speedily settled, and a  meeting was arranged for the following  morning.  As the time drew near, Gus crow nervous. The fact is, Smith a alacrity had  taken him a little aback. He had felt  quite confident that that miscreant  would shrink from encountering the  man whoso honor he had outraged. But  instead, without turning the word,  Smith's second had chosen pistols, and  named ten paces as the distance! It was  plain the wretch was aa bloodthirsty as  unscrupulous. Besides, Gus wns no  shot, which Smith, judging from his  choice of weapons, no doubt was. How  much better, Gus began to think, to  have fled forever from tho scene of his  unhappiness, or to have invoked the benign aid of the laws of South Dakota.  But it was too late now to retract. ���  From a troubled slumber, such as condemned criminals are apt to fall into in  tlie last hours of tlieir lust night, Gus  wus startled by a sensation as of a bullet piercing his thorax. It was only  Captain Borax poking him in tho ribs,  by "way of reminder that his "hour had  almost come!"  In a brief space���how very brief it  seemed���they were on tho fatal field.  At nearly the samo instant a close carriage drove up, containing the enemy's  party.  Smith's second sprang out, closing the  door behind him. He took Captain  Borax aside, and the two held a hasty  consultation; which over, tho ground  measured, pistols loaded, positions allotted, and everything in readiness, it only  remained to place the meu nnd give the  word.  Tho combatants wore to stand hack to  back, and, at a signal, to wheel and fire.  G us had already taken his place, and wns  struggling, manfully but doubtfully,  against an inclination, will-nigh  irresistible, to leap over an adjacent, hodge, nnd run ..as, fast. and  far a3 his legs  could cany Him,   when  ���������k*-k-*.:-��:��x-��^^^  I [music for the holidays  .*,        ������ - "~���"���"~���'~~"���"~~~��� -=������  ���% Onr'Hr. Hatcher Is now In tho east selecting a stock of pianos and organs for holl.  .5. days. Among Ins selection will bo a largo uumbor of tho latest styles of tho WIL.  { LIAMS' PIANOS famod lat thoir j.uro, full and lasting tone. Our now stock -will be.  V Kiu to arrive about Dec. 1st und it will bo m oil for those intorostod to call early. Ont-  ** of-town edstomors will rocoive our bost attention and all enquiries will bo promptly  nnsworod. M e send cataloguo and prico list oa roquost. Wo handle several different  makes of organs and will bo pleated to quoto prices dolivorod anyivhero. Wo havo a  nurabor of good second hand organs and pianos, in good repair, somo as good as now,  at vory low pricos.  Your crodlt Is good with us, no matter where you live :   :   :   :   i  %  %  .FORRESTER  & HATCHER  j Y. M. O.A. Wc, Portage- Aro., W.nnlpog. _ Eldrodgo "B" Bowing Machines, j  ^  ������>*k-->'>->*-:^*"*"*~*:^  iVIR. G. H. KENT.  The above is a likeness of Mr. G. H. Kent, 408 Gilmour  Street, Ottawa, taken from a recent photograph. Seven years  ago Mr. Kent was cured of Bright's Disease of the Kidneys in  its last stages by Dodd's Kidney Pills and has enjoyed ��ood  health ever since. The full particulars of this remarkable cure,  as sworn to, were published in  these columns a few clays ago.  The Primrose*  Primrose was at first the prime rosav  or the first rose that opened in spring.  Zanzibar Commerce.  In Zanzibar cotton goods form the  chief article of commerce. Gray cloth  Is sold to a very, large extent under the  name of "anierlcani." Printed cotton  kerchiefs, worn by the native women  and called "knugas," always find a  ready salo.  Anntrallan  Whent. '  The principal wheat growing states  of Australia are Victoria, South Australia aud New South Wales.  Aulliml  Collectors.,  Animal collectors working ln South  Africa for European and American zoological concerns coniuinud high salaries. Tlieir white assistants even aro  paid at the rate of $3,000 per annum.  Persian Guitars.  The rerslans have three kinds of  guitars���the sltar, the tar and suz���all  played either with the lingers or with  a ulectrum.  If yon aro interested In anything in  tho Jowollry lino and wo will sond  jouournow,up-to-dato CATALOGUE  \\ hich will malto Xmas buying oasy  for j ou. Ihoro you soo many of tho  very latest designs and our prico ls  tho lowest in Canada. You havo our  guarantee with ovory articlo, and if  not suitnblo, monoy will bo rofundod  cuoorfully.    :::::::::  In his Vegetable Txlis Dr. Parmolce has  given to the world the fruits of lung Kien-  tillc research iu the whole realm of medical  fcience, combined with new and valuable  discoveries never before ltnown lo man. For  Delicate and Debilitaied Constiiutioki  Parmciec's Pills act like u chaim. Taken in  small doses, the effect is both a ionic and a  stimulant, mildly exciting the secretions of  the body, giving tone and vigor.  Her Father���Well, sir, what can I  do for you ?  Her Lover���I-or-called to see if  you-cr-would give assent to my  marriage to your daughter.  Her Father���Not a cent, sir; not a  cent.   Good day I -'���  SOZODONTfortheTEETH25c  Beauty is somcl.I   es not oven  deep when lt comes to the rub.  skin  It is easier to sew on buttons than  to men your ways.  HINABD'S LINIMENT for Sale EyeiTWhere.  Ho���Clarice, you know I have always thought a great deal of you,  and I liave flattered myself you think  not unfavorably of roe. May I���will  you be my wife ?  She���What a. start you gave mo,'  Harry I Do you know, I thought  you were going to ask me to- lend  you some money.  an exclamation from tho captain caused  him to turn his head.  " In Heaven's name, who's that?" said  Captain Borax, accosting the- fellow-  second, in tho act of conducting a young  nnd beautiful lady to tho very spot destined for Smith.  " My principal, gcntlomon; Miss Sam-  antha Smith���'Sain Smith,' as she's  called for short.' tho otlier answered.  Gus saw it all. Flinging down tho  pistol, he rushed forward, and would  cortainly have hugged and kissed " Sum  Smith," without ceremony, if her second���no other than her .affianced lover  ���hadn't looked like a chap that would  stand no nonsense. As it was, no man  was ever equally pleasod hy tho dis-  covory that he hud made un ass of him,  self. I  Tho lock of hair wns tho only puzzle  unexplained, and "Sum" soon cleared  that up. It was ono of Guy's own, given  long before to Kate as a souvenir.  " Sam " had stolonit, to tense her friend,  nnd had takeu the method wo have seen  of returning it. Of courso it wasn't red,  but auburn.  "Sam"and her  friend  went home  with Gus, first solemnly  promising, ns  did the captain to keep tho secret, and,  above all not to  let  Kate  know; but,  , bless yon, such things always du get out.  He Hud-It Had. .  Isaac Newtoti wns very absent-minded.  Sometimes, nl'lcr arising in tlio morning,  he would bfton nit with one leg in hia  breeches, and thu3 remain for hours con  sidering some mathematical problem,  without ever thinking of the other lejj.  Some persons hnve periodical attacks of  Oanudian choleiu, dytentery or diarrhoea,  and have to use great precautions to avoid  tlie disease. Change of water, cooking and  green fiuit is .ure to bring on the attacks.  To 6uch persons wo would recommend Dr.  J. D. Kellogg's Dysenteiy Cordial as being  the best medicine in tho market for all summer complaints. If a few drops are taken  in water when the .yrapU.nis are noticed i.o  furJicr troublowill bo experienced.  D. R. DINGWALL/  Ltd  Two Storos jjgij  MAIN   ST.  WINNIPEG.  IF TURKEY IS BROKEN UP.  Hoax���There's two things   I   can't  cat for dinner.  Jonx���What are they?  Hoax���Breakfast and supper.  It is easy enough to lovo your  neighbors��� if���they��� are-far���enough  away.  MINARD'S LINIMENT Believes Nenrtt  A  00 candle-power oil lamp burns  !J,050 grains of oil an hour.  When poverty conies in at the door  the lire goos out of the heater.  FAGGED   OUT.���None  but thoso  who  havo become fagged out know what a de-  Ereescd, miserable feeling it is. All strongth  i gono, und despondency has taken hold of  tho i-ufferers. 'Ihey fee! as though there Is  nothing to livo for. Iliero, however, Is a  cure���ono box of l'tirinolco's Vegetable Pllli  will do wonders In restoring health and  strength. Mandrake and Dandelion are two  of thu articles cnteilug into tbo composition  of Parmclco's Pills.  ".No wife by any chnnce could bo  As pleasant us a book to me,"  Tho bachelor said.    '  "A book once read * ?  Js easily shut up you see."   '' '-,  "A man is known by his works."  declared the irrepressible talker, ivho  was addressing a large and enthusiastic audience.  "Yours must be a,'gas works,"  shouted a rude, . uncultured person  who occupied'a back seat.       ,  ,  ��� The greatest, the strongest, above  all tho cleverest man is ho who  knows how to wait.  An American Woman's Reason Foi  Wanting to Do on the Snot.  "George, if there's any danger of a  breakup iu Turkey I want you to take  lue right over there."  "Why so. my dear?"  "Because there's sure to be a bargain  sale of all the hnrcm effects, and I  wouldn't miss it for the world. Only  think of getting a prayer rug on which  the favorile once knelt! Or a Moorish  mnror that had reflected the perfect features of some lovely Zoheide!"  "Or a beautiful Circassian houri, my  dear, v. ho might, in view of hor altered  eiieiimstuiiees, be willing to do our  kit.'l.cn work."  "Geoige, you nro simply odious!"���  Cleveland Plnin Dealer.  Chanced His Mind.  "No," snid Mr. Fosdick decidedly, "J  tell you once for till, my daughter, that 1  cannot think of letting you marry thai  -young-man.���Why,-he's-nothing-but-a  poor fnrmer." "���  "Poor fnrmer, papa?" repented Miss  Fosdick. "I guess you don't know thnt  Reuben hns ten .acres of fine potatoes  ready for the market."  "Heavens,! You don't sny! I withdraw  my objection. My dear child, you will be  rich beyond the dreams of avarice."���  Detroit Free Press.  For nil misfortunes tlicre are two  remedies���time and silence.  When a fool hen lakes a notion to  sit she doesn't care whether there  ure uny eggs in the nest or not, and  some men are built on the samo plan.  The blood of an col Injected Into a  vein is a deadly poison to man.  Good for Bad Teeth  Not Bad' for Good' Teeth  Soiodont Liquid 15c Largo Liquid and Powder 75c All  Ltcrcs or by mail tor tlie price.   Sample lor postage 3C  HALL a RUCKEL-    New York.  ^Uy x4 Uffv<U -h   4, ^MuxM/ 4*4/  ���E "OXFORD CHANCELLOR" IIS��i  799  H.ib won an enviable reputation in tho Stovo world. In its  construction every important  improvement has been added  which has made it tlie most  doairablo steel range for do-  mestio use.  Every dotail has been carefully studied to mako it efficient, and wo aro proud to offer  it to you as a model of stool  rango construction at a reasonable price.  Wo maku this magnificent  steel range as illustrated with  four or sit No. 9 cooking  holes. It has a largo copper  reservoir, is fitted with improved duplex grate to burn  any kind of coal; the oven is  largo aud is lined with asbestos board.  Ill will hako biscuits in THREE MINUTES usinff a vory small quantity of coal.  Prico as illustrated,    (with 4 No.�� eooKvas holes SSS.OO IF. O. II.  (toburncoalon.ood)}    "   ONo.9     " ���'      SGO.OOJat Wiig.  Wo ffivo .guaiantoo with ovory ranRO sold.      If not kopt in stock by 3 our local  falovo dealor, urito us for further particular*.  D   TUB    C3-XTR3STE-ST    'E'OTnxrnDR'Y    CO.,   Limited, Wiimipcp  STEEL WIRE HOOP  -TUBS and PAILS-  Cost only a fraction moro than those with tho old "iron band.    The  HOOPS   CANNOT   FALL  OFF  -   All sizes may he had from Winnipeg wholesalers.  TEES   & PERSSE, AGENTS,  WINNIPEG.  - "'What is a conjunction 1" .asked  the teacher.  "That which joins together," was  the prompt reply.  "Give me an illustration," said the  teacher.  The up-to-date girl hesitated nnd  blushed. "The, marriage service,"  she said at last.  THE WIRE,  THE 'PHONE,  THE MAIL  ^�� ^* ^* ^�� ^��  OUR business to-day is an  entirely different  affair  from what it was   ten  years ago; it has expanded  until we are in touch with all  points of Canada. ;  The ToIoi.rt_.pI_, the Telophonc,  end tho Mo.ll bring us ordors  from tliouoeinds of far away  ���pa.trons,_^i ^. 1,   Through our Catalogue and  the Mail we can furnish you  with the very newest and  choicest in Diamonds,  Watches, Silverware and  Jewelry.  Money cheerfully refunded  In full If dosirod.  HYRIE BROS.,  Cor. Yongo end Adolo-Ido Streets,  TORONTO.  Customer���Say, a month ago you  told me this material would wear,  ��jid hero it is, nearly gone I  Snipps���Nearly gono in a month ?  Well, if that isn't wearing, what is ?  If your children moanrand <ro restless  during bleep, coupled ^hen nnako with a  loss of appctito, palo countenance, picking  of tho uoso, etc., you may depend upon it  that tho primary causo of tho trouble is  wo-ms. Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator effectually removes these pests, at  'once rolioving the littlo sufferers.  Some people only know bylhoarsay  that it is moro blessed to glvo."than  to receive.     ,  Ills Siae.  lie���Often' when 1 look up nt th��  _tnrs In the 11 nun mem I cannot help  thinking how small, how luslgiilflcunt,  I am after nil.  She���Gracious! Doesn't that thought  ever strike you except when you look  at the stars lu  the flrmutnent?  In the year B. C. 128 eight hundred  thousand persons perished by a pestilence arising fiom the putrefaction of  EWit swai'ii"- of 'lead lon'Sts. - , ,  The sorrow of   tojday makes the  happiness of tomorrow.  Moway & Champion  BANKERS AND BROKERS  .WINNIPEG.  Writo to us for prices, of SOETP.  Get our List of Lands.  Stocks and Bonds Bought and Sold,  Wo can furnhh tho exact amount of  Scrip for any payment on .Dominion  Lands.   Do not pay cash.  jft-O-EIsrWS     ���W-A.IO'T.Br*  WANTED, Agout J for tho snlo of Hardy Kussian  apples, currant., eoosoborries. ornamental tiecs  nnd seed Potatoes. Eiory salesman has oxclu  sivo territory. S.implo outllt freo. Good pay.  Wo are ono of tlio oldest ostnblisticd llrni. in  Canada. Appplynow. PELHAM NURSERY CO.  Toronto, Oat.  N. n.Cataloguo freo.  Farmors can nalio good  monoy during llioir black beason.'      P.N Co.  An Exccptlonnl Case.  Disss���Your wife looks worried of late.  Whn      cms to bo the trouble'.  Biggs���Oh, she is 1 worrying because  she's nfinid our daiif-litcr won't Ret as  good n husband us sho did.���Chicago  News.           Tbe Plnoe to Stop,  Edgar���Is your father favorable to my  love for you, Ethel?   ���  Ethel���Oh, yes; everybody gets along  with pn unless they try to borrow money  of him.���Detioit Free Tress.  Their Preferences.  "I liko a play with a good, husky villain in it," remarked the ingenue.  "I would rather have one with a good,  husky an(,rel bnck of it," replied tho come-  diau��� Philadelphia Record.  The average actress' diamonds * are  about as real as her complexion.        ���  I  1.  ���'I  "������J  - H  Indifference is tho heart sleeping.  W. N. U. No. 352.  *' *' -������   ' ''v- -.������-   ' 1 ���'{"--���   ' ?'?V  \'-''���������"'��� .%'- fal'"-.'.^-' w'v'V-j'-.v--? Simple Material Manipulated With  Good Tast*���Crape Paper an Efleot-  lvo Ala ���Attractive Schemes For  Mantel and Table.  In tho following directions I have  'tried, says a writer In The Designer,  to show how a few simple and inexpensive greens combined with good  taste and n little skill will take the  place of expensive cut flowers nud yet  give ns decorations which mean somc-  MANTEL DECORATION.  thing and add to the beauty of the  home furnishing, whlcli Is not always  the case In unplanned attempts at  decoration:  If one has an abundance of greens,  such as holly, mistletoe, laurel or anything else that Is evergreen, the decoration of archways, the mantel or  even the corners between the windows  nnd doors may be appropriately carried out, but only when there Is an  abundance of material. AH things considered, I am more In favor of concentrating the room decorations at one  prominent point than of spreading  them all over the room.  Of all places In the average room the  mantel Is perhaps the hest to use as a  central point ln decoration. It Is prominent, has nn abundance of room and  yet Is so constructed that comparatively little material Is needed to obtain  the hest effect To decorate the mantel for the Christmas season remove  all* ornaments from lt and bank the  space between the mantel and the  glass above It���say a foot high in the  center���with choice greens, using the  best holly, fern fronds, smilax or even  mistletoe, although those first named  are to be preferred, either nlone or lu  combination, This dccorntlou should be  after the manner shown In the illustration���that Is, heavy In tho center, but  graduating until at the ends only delicate sprays nre seen. Tho greens should  come out quite to the edge of the mantel In the center, but be drawn back  at the ends to form a slightly curved  effect, as well ns to give more room at  the corners for the bows.  The garlaud effect mny be produced  by,tlie use'of cither wide satin ribbon  or of the proper shade of crape paper.  The latter Is quite Inexpensive, and a  three'ynrd roll would prove more than  ample. If paper be used, the' garland  should be cut seven Inches wide and  arranged as shown In the Illustration,  with a rosette in tbe center, where tbe  wreath Is hung, the garland being  brought op to the corners of the mantel  under a long bow with long ends  These garlands and bows .of ribbon  are simple to make and wonderfully effective In trimming at Christmas time.  *��� The foundation of the table decoration Is to be a star made of greens such  as are always readily obtainable at the  Christmas season. Assuming that there  la a hanging lamp or a chandelier directly ovcr the dining table,,at its lowest point fasten five small strands of  snillnx, concealing the tie with a clus-  ter'of holly berries or a bow of holly  red satin ribbon. Have the star ln the  center of the table at least 20 Inches  across. If no made star of this diameter can be obtained, one maybe formed directly on the table with a garland  of smilax.   Now bring down each of  TABLE DECORATION, .    *  the five suspended; ropes, of sinllnx.'  fastening the ends, 'one to' each of the  five points of the star, laying a buuch  of holly berries over each point, Large  plus two Inches lu length, such ns Ho-'  rlsts use. mny be used to attach the  ends of tbe snillnx ropea.to the tablecloth. ' Exactly In the center of tlio  space, formed by the Btar place a low  crystal howl filled vwJthVedj carnation's,  and you will have a table decorntlou of  which you may be proud and which,  too, wlli cost but Iittle_'''Afvariation of  the above design Is.nrrnnged liy using  narrow satin ribbon for the rope effect.  Apple Bntter.  In wintry .days apple butter Is found  a most ngrerabit; addition jo tlii'-niciiu.  It Istnnde'hy covering pared nmf sliced  apples with good -sweet icider, then  boillngj.tlie whole to a smooth; buttery  .nitiss; when It should'have turned' to'a  rlcii brown color. Put,this into jius  and tie down, and you Mxe a handy  preserve for nursery nnd family nee.  Bunkoing a Japanese.  **J. P. G." was only an enlisted man  In- Uncle1- Sam's "navy,' bufhls messmates called him "the Swell" because  whenever he went ashore he carried a  suit of civilian's clothes. At Yokohama, In his fine raiment and r^Thlte  felt hat, he passed himself oi��to a  Japanese coal merchant as the paymaster of the fleet and contracted for  several thousand tons of coal. The  price named was $1-1 n ton.  jWhnt is my rake off?" he asked tho  diMle.', who offered a generous commission. "Mnke the price sixteen dollars  a ton nnd hnve ��� thousand tons  ready for delivery at the earliest possible hour tomorrow morning," he said.  The merchant opened wine, nnd  when thoroughly wanned up the sailor  remarked, looking Indolently nt his  watch: "By the bye, I'm expected to  visit the club tonight, nnd It Is probable that I may need a little more  money than I hn.e In my pocket. Perhaps you had better iiihiince me three  or four thousand dollars on account."  Of couise he got what he wanted.  Next morning the vessels were sur-  lounded with scores of barges laden  with coal, and It wns all the officers  could do to prevent tbe .laps from unloading their cargoes. Tbe denier dared say nothing, lor he had entered Into  n conspiracy to del'iaud the goyeru-  jncut, so ho pocketed his loss in silence  .  Now Tbey Never Spenlr.  A coolness growing out of the following conversation bus sprung up between Jones and Smith.   -  "I bad a splendid time last night,"  said Jones. "1 bpent tlie evening at a  little social gathering at tbe Goodman  mansion."  "Are the Goodmans nice people?"  queried Smith.  "Well. I should say so. They are  very aristocratic. To get Into their circle one must have either a great deal  of money or a great deal of genius."  "You don't tell me so? And you say  you were there?"  "Yes."  "You were invited, were you?"  "Of course."  "And to be Invited a man has to have  plenty of money or a great deal of genius?"  "Precisely."  "Well, Jones, I am very glad to hear  you have become rich all of a sudden.  Lend me five pounds!"���London Answers.  Reasons For a Divorce.  The Druses sometimes divorce their  wives for apparently the most trivial  causes. Thus a man named Solelmon  Attala had a wife, Isbnkyeh. The woman frequently worked for us, and on  several occasions I had to complain  thai she talked too much and worked  too little. At length I was obliged to  tell Solclman that owing to his wife's  laziness I could employ her no longer.  Shortly afterward 1 went to England.  On my return nfter a couple of  months' nbsence I was surprised to  Hnd that Solelman had divorced Isbnk.  yeh and had already married another  woman. Ou Inquiring from him the  cause of this he replied, "Your honor  loid mo that you would not employ my  wife ngnln, so I thought I would get  ild cf bor and marry another woman  whom   you    would   employ."  Boclceye Slate.  ' Ohio wns early called the Buckeye  State, the name being derived from the  presence of great forests of buckeye  trees when the country was first Invaded by tbo whites.  A Sober Country.  Tasmania ts said to be the soberest  of the Australian colonies.  London's Playground*.  There are now In London and Its  Immediate neighborhood 360 public  recreation grounds, "varying In size  from Epplng forest, which, with Wan-  stead flats. Is over 5,000 acres in extent, to little city gardens and playgrounds of an eighth or a tenth of as  acre.  No llebnte.  When Adelina Paul visited 'Madrid  one time In company with her husband,  Slgnor Nlcolinl, who thought himself a  tenor singer, there was an effort to engage tbe noted artist for an especial  occasion.* The opera director asked: ''  -"How much will you charge us if you  nnd your honored husband appear on  this occasion for one night?"  "Ten thousand francs, sir."  "And how much If you come without  tbe slgnor, madame?"  "Ten thousand francs."  Catherine de* Mcdlel.  .* Catherine de'^Medlel of France was  a'tall, dignified Vomnn of striking personal appearnnce. Her manner,was of;  ten cold" and repulsive, ber'lnnguage'  haughty! She was never' popular or  well liked. Her features were regulnr,  and the chief merit of her countenance  was a full black eye thnt seemed to  fascinate those on whom sho looked.  Jnnsle Talk.  "Hello! Where ure you going?" cried  the lion as the fleet footed stag dnsbed  by hlra. . ' '  "Oh, I'm Just traveling for my henlth,"  panted tho stag.   "Why do you ask?"  "My. friend the tiger Invited.me to  participate In n stag "dinner party" today, and.I was;wondering If you were  the party."        . .    -   , ,,     >  A Lesson In Washing. -  7 Pliny the Great could see things In  front'of his nose ns. well as afar off.  i'l notice thnt the women rub the washing In cold water,'" he-wrote bne"1day,'-  h"I_et,thi__n heat the^:atier,.atidtthe Jil^  knll In the sbnp will he freed'and take  far better effect." And only after that  did women know hew to wash.  v+\  It Is'Met  Difficult  to Dl.cn.er for What  One Has a Nutnral Aptitude.  "One good wdy,' I think, to judge  whether wo have a talent for anything or not is to watch the motive  that draws us toward doing a thing,"  writes Helen Wattcrson Moody, in  Tho Ladies' Home Journal.  "If wo do it because it is the fashion, or because other girls are doing  it, or because wc have to do it for  some useful purpose, it is not prob-  ablo that we have a real talent for  it: but if we find ourselves doing it  just becauso wo really love it, and  would rather do it than not : if it  is doing tho thing itself that attracts us, and not the eclat it is going to give us in the eves of others���  why then I, think we mav reasonably  conclude that God 1ms given us a  real talent for that particular sort  of thing."  .' C  Under a J.urldcr.  Like most people, I have nlwnj's  supposed that women were more superstitious thun men, but after what  I saw yesterday I am not so sure  about it. A leaning ladder wus  what, caused me to change my mind  about the relative suporstitiousness  of tho sexes, and tho time taken was  probably not more than ton minutes.  Tho ladder in the case had been leaned against the fiont of one of Toronto's leading dry goods houses, and  it wns not till after 1 had walked  carefully outside it myself that I  thought of making a test case of it.  Two well dressed women come  first, and they unhesitatingly walked  under the ladder, perhaps becauso  they were studying the goods displayed in the windows so intently  that they never noticed it. A young  business man followed. He appeared  to be in a brown study, but woke  with a start as he neared the ladder,  and steered carefully around it. Two  poorly-dressed women came next, and  they both went outside the ladder;  they weien't interested in the goods  displayed in the windows. A small  boy carrying a parcel came along  then and steered carefully outside,  but a fair and willowly maiden held  her course serenely. Three men followed in single iile, and they all  walked wide of the ladder, while two  single females walked nonchalantly  under it, and that was about the  way it went as long ns I kept my  vigil. More men dodged that leaning ladder than women, the proportion being about three to one. It  may be that thero are other superstitions in which women would not  show up so well, t>ut certainly as far  as tho leaning ladder supeistition is  concerned tbey made a most creditable showing in this instance ���Bcv-  enspur,  in Toronto Star.  Value of  Smiles.  I smiled at a babo with a dirty  face ni a little worn carriage on  Chestnut street, and the babe smiled  at me, writes Charlie Churner in  The Star.  So goes the woild.  1 smiled at a child playing on a  step with a doll on Agnes street,  and tbe child smiled ut mc  So goes the world.  How easy to smile, how hard the  lesson! We do not pass around the  smiles enough.  The babe smiled, 'the child tiniled,  so will the man and woman. Our  hearts are all the same. Tbe King  loves and hates, so does tho peasant. The millionaire sorrows, so  does the pauper. The gieat suffer,  so do the small. The mighty mind  has but two eyes to see with, and  so has the mind of the puny.' We  ore all the same.  Smile.  Tho world longs* for 'smiles; it is  quick to smile back.  I stroke our cat and she caches  her back and sings, for she is happy.,  Because she sings, my immediate  world, my kitchen, seems brighter;  home, seems more homelike, and I  am^happier.  Stroke your cat, neighbor, pat  your' dog, pet vour horse.  The sun smiled last evening, and  wc all smiled back.  I speak to my canary in his little  narrow home, and he sings,' forgetting that his homo should be the  boundless, his domo the blue. He  sings again because I whistle to him,  chirp-,to him, notice him.  If the canary sings because we  whistle, some soul mny sing because  we smile.  "It is easy to smile and look pleasant,  When the world flows by like a song,  But the man-worth while is tho man  who can smile  When everything goes dead wrong."  The Treatment of.Ware*.  ~~It-i8~advlsablo7**in-fact-very���important that mares which aro intended to be worked should be fed  in the box with the foals a* short  time beforo, so as to get the latter  well accustomed to eating crushed  oats, bran, etc., so that the separation will be less keenly felt by. them,  and eating will occupy the tints  and minimize the risk of taking too  much milk on an omptv stomach. A  drop of clean water should also be  placed who o'it can1 bo got at, but  not split, and two foals will do better together than separately, if thev  aro not shut in too small a place.  If they spend the dny in a warm box  and tbo night iu a field exposed to  tho weather, a misty cold mav bo  the result; therefore, if the night  should be very unpropitious after a  hot day, it is wise to keep both mare  and foal inean open shed or, yard  with a bit of green food rather thnn  run  the risk  of  exposure.  And It Wns a Hat One.  "Colonel," asked tho beautiful  grass widow, "when and how did ycu  have your baptism of firo?"  , "When my first wife's mother got  the idea that I wunted to brcuk'iiilo  tho family," the veteran answered.  i   I'i ^     ""^        5��       .1       ^.*;      ',  For Swollen Joints.  -I it        '  Mix two1 drams cantharides- 'with  IJ ounces lard, rub on a.,little qnce  a woek on the swollen parts. Tho  frog of the horse's foot should never, be cut down unless there is disease' present.  ���When Coal 'Waa Prohibited.  It makes the present generation smile  to rend the accounts which have come  down to us concerning the prejudices  which were formerly entertained  against certain articles which are ol  everyday consumption.  For Instance, It is said that when coal  wns first used lu England the prejudice  against lt was so strong that the bouse  of commons petitioned the king to prohibit the use of the "noxious" fuel.  A royal proclamation having failed to  abate the nulsnuce, a commission was  Issued to ascertain who burned coal  .within the city of Loudon and its neighborhood, to punish them by force foi  the first offense aud by the demolition  of their furnaces if they persisted Iu  transgressing. A law was finally passed making it a capital offense to -burn  coal In the city nbd only permitting 11  Jo be used by forges In tho vicinity. It  "Is stated thnt among the records In the  Tower of Loudon n document was  found according to which a man wns  hnuged In the time of Edward I. for uo  otlier crime than having been caught  burning coal. It tool; three centuries  to entirely efface the prejudice.  Antiquity of Playing; Cards.  The game of cards wns first played  In the east nnd seems to hare bad a  military origin. Curds wero Introduced  from Asia Into Europe nt the time of  tbe crusades nnd were flrst used by  necromancers to foretell fortunes. They  soon became a popular amusement in  the south of Europe, where the Sata-  cens and Moors taught the people how  to use tliem, and card playing spread  to all parts of the continent. The state  records of Germany mention the fact  thnt lludolph I., In 1275. wns fond of  the game nnd plnyed with his courtiers.  After the Invention of paper the manufacture of cards became extensive,  but declined somewhat when caid playing was forbidden by several of the  German states nud by tbo English government on account of the supposed  Immoral tendency. Before the era of  paper cards in the orient were mnde  of Ivor}-, papjrus nnd canvas, less frequently of the precious metals and  quite commonly of wood.  For a Very Good Pennon.  "I told him I would make blui eat his  words," declared Mr. Beechwood hotly,  spenklug of a quarrel be had had with  Mr. Briishton. "He has been telling  things about me that are rank untruths."  "How foolishly men talk to one another!" commented Mrs. Beechwood  placidly.  "What do you mean?" demanded her  husband. "Do you intend to insinuate  that men talk to each other more foolishly than women chatter?"  "Of couise I do," the lady went on  Imperturbably. "Now, women never  try to make each other cat their woids,  no matter bow angry they may be."  "Certainly uot," retorted Mr. Beechwood, "and for a very good reason too."  "What reason?" she demanded.  "Because their digestive apparatus ls  Inferior       their vocabulary."  Why Water Won't Fry.  Why cannot we fry in water? Because water can ouly be heated to the  boiling point, 212 degrees, and any additional heat does not Increase Its temperature. Two hundred and twelve degrees of beat will not brown the surface of anything. Fat, on the contrary,  can be mnde much hotter, tbe temperature depending on the kind. There ls n  lesson here for the economical housewife. Don't stuff the stove with fuel  when the vegetables, meat, etc., are  already boiling. Tbey cook no faster  because of tbe inciense of heat.  A Sbnre In a Jewel.  There Is n story told of a French servant who tvns shown a priceless Jewel  by a grent duke.  "Thank you, my lord duke," snld the  mnn of science, "for allowing me to  share with you the possession of so  great n' treasure."  "In whnt wny?" said the duke.  "Why, your grace can do no more  than look at It and you have allowed  me to do the snine." ��� AH the Year  Round.  Living Like a Savage.  Civilized people will be shocked at  the advice of nn English physician to  a wesltby pntient to live like a savage  to be cured. Snvnges, It may be re-  cnlled, do not belong to clubs, have no  stock exehauges.-know nothing of trust  and trnde combinations, run no political campaigns nnd so reserve some vitality and nerve force for purely living  purposes.  Foolish.  Robert Lowe, afterwnrd Lord Sher-  brook, once saw n deaf member of parliament trying bis best to catch with  his enr trumpet tbe words of nn extremely dull speech. "Just look nt thnt  foolish mnn," snid Lowe, "throwing  awny 1i!b natural advantages."  No Deferred Payments.  "Is your daughter lenrnlng to play by  note?"  "Certainly not." answered Mrs. Cum-  rox n Utile Indignantly. "We pav ensh  for every lesson.    The Ideal"  Well Bred.  Gcntlemnn���Thnt looks a well bred  dog.  Owner���I should think he was well  bred. Why, he won't hnve a bit of dinner till he's got his collar on!  The Nile Is noted for the vnrlety of  It's flsh. An expedition sent by the  British   museum  brought  home 2,200  specimens. ; ' '  11  1'     ^T^    ~       ' ; ,-'v  Railways use up over 2,000,000 tons  of steel a year, almost half the world'f  oroducL  urnin siovea ln streams.  Nowhcie In North America will yon  come on" a more thrilling night scene  than the fresh water cargo tank unloading nt Buffalo, says Rollln Lynde  Il.-irtt In The Atlantic. Here she UeB  beneath the towering grain elevator,  which thrusts a long pumping pipe  (called the "lcg"):>down through her  hatchway. Mount the gangplank,  dodging the spinning lopes that make  your hend reel, stumble nbout on the  dark deck, look down, down, down  through the open hatch, and. zounds,  what n sight! The hold glows with  electricity. It Is misty with blown  dust. It roars with mccbnnlcnl activity. "  An enormous steel "shovel," big as  the Inside of a house and manipulated  by countless flying ropes, charges back  nud forth through the whole lenglh of  the ship, pitching the yellow grain before It and henping It up where the leg  cnu get hold of It to whisk it into the  bin that Is somewhere up In the sky.  Ileiieutli, In the hold, nn army of blue  clad men with wooden "scoops" barely  dodge the deadly shovel ns they swing  the grain Into Its path.  Observations  by Mildred.  Scene: Tinuicnr. Dramatis persona.:  Four-year-old girl, mother nnd several  passengers.  Child (in high, shrill treble)���Mamma,  did you get papa's birthday piesent?  "Yes, deni est."  "What did you get, mamma?"  "Cigars, lovey."  "The cheap ones that Aunt'Millie told  you nbout?"  Silence from mamma, but a heightened flush on her face thnt was not entirely the reflection from "dearest lovey's"  ied velvet hat.  "Manuun, thnt mnn over there hns on  a dreadfully dirty necktie. You told  papa the otlier day thnt no gcntlemnn  would wear a soiled uecktie."  Man glares nud pulls his coat about  bis nock.  "Mildred, stop talking."  Mildred wns silent for a little while.  "Mamma, that lady over there forgot  to polish her shoes this morning."���  London Spare Moments.  All Cheese Is Densely Popnlated.  riofessor Adametz. who devoted con^  sldernble time to the study of the fragrant subject, said that the population  of an ordinary cheese when a few  weeks old Is greater than the number  of persons upon the earth.  Profc&sor Adametz mnde some lnter-  pstlng researches dealing with the minute organisms found In cheese. From  a microscopic exnminntlon of a ��oft  vnrlety of Gruyere cheese he obtained  the following statistics: In fifteen  grains of cheese, when perfectly fresh,  from 00.000 to 1-10,000 microbes were  found, nnd when tbe cheese wns seventy dnys old the population had Increased to 800.000 in each fifteen  grains. An examination of a denser  choose nt twenty-live days old proved  it to contnln 1.200.000 in each gram  (nbout fifteen giains) and when forty-  five days old 2.000,000 in the same  small particle.  Spldcrn  Arc  Industrious.  No small Insect ever escapes from  tho web of a spider, a fact which is  not to be wondered at when It is considered thnt nn ordinary sized snare  tuny contain as many ns 120,000 viscid  globules. The spinuur ls constantly  engaged in repairing Injuries to the  neb inflicted b.v wind,.stray leaves or  captured Insects. Once n day the whole  snare Is subjected to rlgoious examination, nnd nny broken or loosened  tli leads ure adjusted.  THE-NEW JEWELRY.  TUamler.  Winter thunder Is cousjdored throughout Europe to be of very 111 omen, but  April thunder Is consideicd to be very  beneficial. In Devonshire and other  cider counties of England there is a  saying that "when Ititlmndeis In April  you must clean up the barrels"���ln  ipndlness, that ls, for a plentiful crop  of apples.    "  The French consider April thunder  to be Indicative of a good yield from  their vineyards and cornfields.  Chance For VenKcnace.  Si'mson (angrily)���I have sent the editor of The Hightone Mngnzlue forty-  two of my poems, and he has returned  every one of them.  Friend���Don't send him any more.  He might get mud.  "Suppose he should. What could he  do?'  'ne might publish one of them under your real name."  Abandoned Cisterns.  , An abandoned cistern Is often a dangerous thing nnd should be filled, ns  stagnant water which mny remain In  It is n common source of disease. If  this cannot be done nt once, It ls a good  plan to throw in proper dlslnfoctnnts  und gradually fill It np with sifted  coal ashes.  The Ileal Bitterness.  Mntnmn���But, darling, why should  you object to taking the good doctor's  advice?  Bobby���It Isn't bis advice, mamma.  It's his horrid old medicine that I hate  to take  Why He Never Attains lier Ideal.  A mnn who Is earning the living for a  fnmlly doesn't have time to live up to  his wife's Idenls, nnd by the time he  has made his money he Is too old and  wants  to  be comfortable.  To mnke good tea and coffee the water should be tnken nt the first' bubble.  Remember continued boiling cnuses the  water to part with Its gases and become flat This Is the cause of much  bad tea and coffee.���Ladies' Home Journal.  Cncnt Stones and RourIi Gold���Coh  ored Gems aud Enuiuels.  We have kept u constant and almost  jealous affection for diamonds of lute  years. Now emeralds nud amethysts  are coming in for their share of favor,  and the paler the amethyst the more  fashionable.  Pink coral Is blended with diamonds  In floral sprnys, nnd uncut turquoises  are In keeping with the enamels now  so fashionable in buttons and buckles.  A good many of our necklaces���nnd,  Indeed, the neck chains���nre of barbaric splendor. Some nre wrought in  rough gold and Jeweled cnbochons.  These are pretty in emeralds, pearls  and coral.  Flexible chains with uncut stones are  promised ns the height of the mode.  The dog collars of pearls and diamonds  are now fashioned with greater care,  so thnt they follow the form of the  thront.  Emernld pendnnts nre often attached  to diamond necklaces, and a beautiful  brooch representing bulrushes is made  with the heads of the bulrushes alternately of sapphires, diamonds and rubles.  The nouvenu nrt lends itself to the  production of flowers which nre somewhat uncommon, such ns the honey-  KEWKST BRACELETS.  suckle. The backs of watches In this  style are mado to represent sun flowers,  popples nud roses, nnd very pretty they  nre.  Penrl nnd diamond can Ings nre ngaln  fashionable.  The chain bracelet shown, with a  head In low relief, represents the new  art style, while the second bracelet Is  of the flexible kind, now in such high  favor, and is effectively set with brilliants, tuiquolsos nnd pearls.  The mnuln for golden tags, or, ns tho  French cull them, ferrets, shows no  signs of diminishing, and these uddl-  tions are even being made on fur coats,  which seem to be the excuse for n good  mnny wonderful nnd notable ornamentations, such ns enamel filigree buttons  and art nouveau buckles. .  Some of the dark coats have sashes  of soft silk which end in metallic tags,  and they hang from rosettes on evening and dny bodices. Some of pear  shaped pen1-!? attached to black crepe  de chine are uotnhly stylish.  Many of the long ends of ribbon  which come from either side of the  neck and are secured by a slide on the  front of the bodice end In enamel tngs  which accord with the ribbon, nnd that  Is generally chine.  '   A Springlike Confection,   '  Although It employs fur, this smart  little bolero coat of carncal may be  looked upon as"1 a token of spring. It  is white and bordered, all the way  round with an edging of deep ecru lace  over gold tissue, the effect of which is  excellent by contrast with tho whlte-  _CUART BOLERO IN* WHITE AND GOLD.  ness of the fur. The lnce nnd gold tissue form a high collar nud also gnunt-'  let cuffs. At the thront there Is a knot  of black velvet ribbon and again at J  the bust, while similar touches of black  appear on the gauntlet cuffs. In front'  also the coat is finished with loops of'  gold cord and gold buttons.       '���������   '  : Maple Bolls. ,;  Take one. quart of bread dough when  it is molded for the Inst rnising, mold  In a cup of maple sugar, one-quarter  teaspoonful of soda, one teaspoonful of  butter. Let it rise nnd mold again and  cut out, rise and bake. These are verj  olee. . - ,*,-���  Vil  '\-.'y\i- ���.���.-,  .s��i&*�� ���*��� A  i   -  SATURDAY.  .JANUARY -1, 1903  TIIE INDEPENDENT.  I!  What You Get Here Gentlemen  e Foot Service  Because wo make it a point to sue that our slices fit  .your feet perfectly. (Shoes that fit woll will always  foul easier, look better and stand more wear than those  that don't.    Call at  THE  GOLDEN   BOOT STOKE,  13 Hastings St. L  And ask for the Clerks' Union Card,  'Hardware,  Stoves,   Ganges,   Etc.  51   Blastings  Slrc-et  Cast. t  (By G. It. Maxwell, AI. P.)  iH'? 'becomes shaibby. '.Hunger boffins  lo do Its work.    A sad, sail tra.p_st'qr-  sua't.ioii ipasses aver  Uie man.    As-lie  ���tolls you, gr.im want brought nie to the  last shilling,  llie last lodging ami tlie  last meal.   What, shall  I  do?    Starve  or. steal; ami then   I ������ siruggled ���  a.nd  struggled   iint-il    hunger   wanped - my  judgment, weiilkeiied .my will, and'then  1 ..became a.ithiel'.,. ���Yes,'hunger aiimkes  many a. man a criminal.  Put that down  swan Incontrovertible fact.   Victor Hu-  .,'.: so, tii one of live most reniankabl-a books  ever      inibli.sln.-d,     "Les    AWseratiles,"  writes' these, walgiiuy words,.. "This is  ..the second time tihat iho author ot" this  ibook  has  come  across a loaf as  the  .stanMtaa nioln't of tlicj disaster of a. des-  .itiny.    Claude Guetix stole a loaf, and  :   so did Jeam Viiljeari, and Emsllsh .sta-  . tistliisjprove thai four oiu o'"every ii ve  jwWberit'-s are clue to liuus'Sr."   Hung'cr  ���breeds thieves.   AVe liuiit ihe thief, we  caitdh ��� li'liri; we thrust 111 in into prison,  TO load .Ms  with - indiginites,; but'feiv  tonow- ���-'tihe" terrible ,. struggle   tli1-01i4.il.  which��� thait man has passed ere'hunger  . iiii'Iiins'ed his reason.   The smuggle for  isxisienc'e is not, 'however, 'coniilned  to  'tihe ipoorei- classes.   It Is a struggle that  ia comnioa to the.large_ portion of iiiu-  mia-ntty.   AV;eiill 'know so-methlns aiboilt  it.    You,  my;3reader, Ikhoir something  about   i'lie'.haKlive.s.s  of: the   effort: to  ...:.maike  ends meet,   to live ilionesU.y,  to  ]ia.y your dal.-ls,  and ��� to 'get  a simple  fare. Young men Iknow something n;bout  ���it,"and it ;is to  the'-'o'red'It of many of  -.; Uhem, that they have fought a 'Valiant  -\aiid.: triuv_M>hant7fi-_.ht. ������ Parents    Who  have cihildiien    glvon  to    theiii -iknow.  ...BCwhetlhing-albout .the worry and anxiety  that conte to. itheui day after day, month  ' after month, and'..year after year;' 7ln  !������ ii-aw imiany ihamei-In the oity to-day is  ;    this struggle going on.   .How many are  ..there   whose   lives  are. burden'ed   amd  loaded, so:t'hat ihe -oppressiveness, of  " the struggle .riybs the laugh of .Its ihear-  -tiness,  the smile: of Its;.' winsomeiiessi  t'he song of Its' sweetness,-.the face of  its cheefiness, and it'lie iheairt of lits joy-  fulness.   How m'amy grow 'prematurely  ',.. -old. ���  Take, 'the -majority    of  business  ,: nteii, :.and .they 'are struggling--to-day.  ���;: , As: T-ho-reau 'puts ..it, .what  mean: and  .; .'-sri-ealkliig Jives many of them live, ul-  * --ways on the limits, trying:'lo ge,i into  husiness, a.nil ilrying to get out of d^bt,  always ���promising to .pay, 'promising .to  pay to-morrmv, and dying to-day in-  - solvent; seeking custom by how many  ; modes."true- and false, ,'ba'd  arid good.  ��� only not stote :offenees; flat'tertng,' !vot-  :  ing, contracting yourselves into anui-  . shell, -thait. you    may.:ipeiiisua'die 'your  oieighbor to'let you ���lnak-elris shoes, or  'Ms.halt, or his coat, or import his 'gro-,  -ceries for ...him,   malting- yourself sick  that youimciiy lay.up som-S'tihlngagail'nst.  *������' 'a sick day, and so on.  iNo 'Class of .men  '-.VJeserve^inore; sympathy; than  ;  .   ���[-.: ,:6ur.Business 'Men,  =^oi^&v.'er-it'heyii'are^di-aAviv_.into^cui-i'ents  :    which  ever, viciously ������  try    to  swamp  ��� fchenC  And .what:is 'it 'nil' for? 7A, .bit  y  of bread, some clothing, a. hous/> to live  in.   A struggle, lyes, and the like of It  for ...Intensity win  moivhere ibe "found  Now out of these conditions come what  shookaus,.and tills us with amaaement.  'Take some cases.   They are old, but  itihe -same things ni-e .happening ito-day.  'Oairlyle in Past amd Present tells us of  ��� a fa'ther and .mother found guilty of  poisoning three of tiheir children In oi-  ������der to defraud a Ibunlal society of tlire-  >  jiounds ^Iglit shillings    AA he mi}*    In  the British land, a ihunnin father and  mother  of  white Hklii  has done' this  thing.    A  human   father and   iiiotilier  'have snld to rlieiiiselves, ivhii't Khali we  ������do to escape .stairru'tlon., Our .poor little  vBtarvJIng Tom, who cries ail dny for  ���'bread,  who will .see only evil,  it. lie  ���Were out of misery nit once, and the  'rest ot vs kept alive.    They ifhought  ���over dt, amd they did ft.   .Whom .will  'God hold the most guilty, the father or  motHier, or the condition of thing's Ithat  Impelled ithem to make these sacrifices.  "L��t us .peep Into RjusWn's Sesame and  'I^lIesr-a.gTaina -book.  He there details  <a   coroner's   Inquest   respecting'   the  death of one Michael Collins. It is a  case of three .fighting und struggling  day by������ day io ma;ke a foi'tuii'e? Alh,  no, iUut. to get a.'bit of bread, a.nd to  get two shilling*; a week to get a place  to live In. Not much, you, say.. ; Oh.  dear, no. Bui. in spite of all their ef-  fouta 'fire.fathei* dies- of Ktarvsi'tiion, and  of the moUiicr.-.one of the jurors, said  to her, you a.i'e dying: of starvation  yourself. Jtca.il that ���tlhought. tihen read  tlie note, at 'the foot of the .page of a  gathering of princes, dukes, etc., in 'the  goi-gsouis temple of a -osul woman.  AV'hnt -moni&y could, buy was there, and  .wie. 'read Chat .the t'aible was loa'tled with  evfi'y delicacy ofthe season. Tli ere is  the sickness. Those who neither toil  ���nor spin not���they ihave a. supcrnlnin-  .dance. one of God's -honest poor dies  of starvation. And yet a large class  of political economists say, let things  alone, the system which .produces tiicse  things is all right. Itigiht! No, it is  all Wrong. To tniy.lt' is all rigiht is to  speak llge the father of lies, and we  mas-.t ipt'iblish these thing's, liiihik, speak  and. write a-h-out -t'hein. until the people  ���rir't-. in their might and say.' these sac-  ���i-Hlees to 'tlie .Mulock . of .competition  imustend: we riiai.it have.a system tSiat  eiusures for evoiy ir/an, woman and  child a .Parti- share of 'this world's  wealth, 'j'alke 'anonlier case from Henry  .Oeoi-ge's 'bool;.. Social'..Problems. 'Aiar-  garot Ilitlkey, aged thirty, came, to the  wealthy i-.Myof New York, with nt seven  w'ee'k ibniby. s'rcklns work.: She was un-  sticc__-i-ful. She 'placed.her i.hlW in a  cellar, lost it, called :al police hend-  (liiartei's. .\viijs arrested., amd .sent to  ijirison for six -moat'-.... Take, one,;from  General ffcoith's hook.' A -man is iiialk-  ing through St. .Tames' Paiifk. stumble:!  and'-'falls down. -,        '     ��� ���   ,    '.'.'. '  ..They Tlrought ile'AVas 'brunlt-:.-.-.-  and carried'Win' to the hospital,' .where-  he died. lie had walked from Liiver7  pool, n.nkl .had, 'been .wit'hout., food - for  ���live.days. The vei'dict of the jury, diiad  of; starvaitlon.- Xo inoi'.e, so common.  A struggle for exlslemre, yes, but isn't,  it a, crying shawie, a crying evil, and a  crying injustice that' such a struggle  should, be a. possibility, let alone ��: re-:  ality;' Think of lit'lis Qariyle ipu'ts.it���;  and I tell yoiiCai-lyle did a lot of'hard;  wonk in his day for- reform���thirty.  tl'.oiisand outcast nee'd'Ie wo'meiv woilk-  Ing themselves swiftly to:death,: three  wi - - -,      ,. -   ���-'  ���-  ���millllohs ipaupers r��tting iin forced Idie-  n'ess. 'helping said needle women to die.  ���thirty, fbousuMTd wretched women sunk  in that .putrifying well of abominations;  they have oozed'Into London from the  -.Ui'iJlyc-i'Sal Styxiah iiuagmire of'British  ln(Hi��trial life..tiilBniash industrial ex-  isteiice seems fiast ibeeoming one 'huge  ipokfo'n :*wainip ��� of ireeking','pestilence.  pliyslca 1  and 'mioral;  a liideoiis  living  Golgotha  of Rouls-'iind  bodies, burled  alive, suleh a Curtiiis'  gull" cpmniuni-  cating   with  the"netihei; deeps  as.'the  sun. never, saw'.'before.-    I 'homologate  ibis words.and thoughts.. 1 \vlsh I had  his-' power- of ���descrliption,- 'but,.'as   we  stand face to face .witih: this.putrid lake  of .wrong,, of suffering,'-of:' stainlntloh,  ofjl'eal.hs.jan dTjJi ings^v6_i-gejt'hiiin7deat'h_i  iviliat eNe can ��e ,--*.i>, but that some  nei\ w.i\ in.ij be upenefcl up speedllj  uiheiebv exeiy man may llie In health,  in competence and in 'happiness. Let  nie now put bi'ielly,the results of om  present systeiirso tar as It ��ffccts this  stiuggle PHi-it. the uorkcr If theie  is one on God's earth th'at should 'be  well looked after, it Is t'he worker. Thi..  system' it-ally iprovides' more foi' the  pauper.and the criminal than it does  for tlhose who aire ready and willing to  i m'leh iilit coniniunltj by jiihat they  i'nn .produce. Hvery ipauper, every  criminal Is,sure .or food, clothing amd  sheltei'. The worker may not have  H'here ito lay his hciid. and:as we 'have  seen, he may die or shirvintilon. A' pre-  iiilum Is pul uipon "oiiiue. Then again  this struggle drives a large crowd of  men and women Into tlie slums of our  cities, into the most disreputable quarters. Thorold iltogers, a man justly recognized as a fair and Impartial cnltie,  says: Th'e ipeople live In squalid dens,  where 'there can ibe no health, and no  hope, but dogged discontent at their  lot, and 'futile discontent at the weailth  they ace possessed iby otlters. These  poor, quarters, where men aindi women  tn poverty, througih lack of emiptay'-  tntnt segregti'te, is ono of the ,1'ilest  spots In a Christian Country. Look  next at the effect upon the .home, if  there Is one spot on earth which should  be conservatively ..preserved it is the  home. If you smash tip that, If'.you  impoverish t'hat, ymi bring disastrous  Results Upon the. Body Politic.  By the system 'now lii operation Llie  home life of thous-aiuls Is blighted aind  desr.'cyed. F-ietory life Is sometimes  lauded 10 the sfties becaiu-:-" of the nuni-  bc-r to whoiii emiilpyment is giveii.' In  many senses It is ,one of the greatest  curses wlhich can befall a 'people. It  ia no extravagant demiand to. make,  that the mothers of the future should  have theoliance of doing their duty,  -.'.nd of being made nt Tor their duty.  That Is 'fair., If the children that.are  to he the future men and women are  robbed of their rlgiiits as children, the  best nation on.earth will soon grow  senile aiid Imipotent. Under this system  young women���'girls -are forced. Into the  mills in order that the family life may.  be kept -at the not ;extraivaga.ii't standard-setup for them, a.nd consequently  ohiildre.ii are honi.stunted in growth,  and enfeebled in ihiiaUh. .Many fathers  and husibands realize the .penalty due  such - violations of .nature, but -if they  won't -death states them-In the face.  John Ruslkin was once a^ked to contribute to the purchase of a iparlk.'-. He  wrote: "I will not, ibut T wish you to  understand once for ail, that. I wish  your homes to he comfoi-ta.bie-.aml re-  iined, 'and that I will resist.to the utmost of my power-all 'scihenres on the  vile modiarn notions that you are .to he  ci-ou'ded in kenntis till yoii is.re neai-ly  dead, ,'Uiat other people may -make  money toy your \voJrk, .-and, then lra.ve  you talken out in squads 'by. tramways  aind n-ailways to 'be revived and refine,!  by science and a.vl. l'oui- ifii-st business  Is lo iiiallte youi- homes heall'hy and  deiighitful. then keep your .wives and  children there, .'an'd let your return to  them,ibe your daily,holiday, day." Grand  advice..'but -how Impossible:a�� things  are. There are thousands of .mien, women and c-Kidren living in ipiaees called ihome, into which no capitalist 'would  place either'his horse or his 'dog,*7apd  that.Is all the home t'liey^wlll ever -have  so long as:this system ���reniiailiis in: existence.    Then iook.ihow.this  ������'���,..' , ��� 7 Affects the Culture .'  of the wol'ker. , The better, the'woi-iter  is,,the richer a country becomes. JtfriiS-  seau said.long ago,-.Ibut,'it is true, it is  lia.i'd for oiie to t'lilnk lioWy when one  thinks"' only of earning a 1 hing. S'u,ii-  ]iose -aljody of imen is doomed to spend  time, tliougiht and strength on the ques-  t'ion of 'livelihood, what culture, what  exultaitiqn can���'. ibe ; expected'. .Let; us  iput ourselves in t'l�� iplace of the tolled  'before ,we judge lilm. and 1 .know 'ihe is  often condemned: ihecause ihe ilsnotthis  ���ar.d isiimt that. 'I'*iehte, the great German philosopher, 'hassaid that,the people which possess the deepest and the  most manifold:culture down to the lowest stratum of,the..population .will also  ibe t'he ni'ighitiest .and.' trappiest of' the  ���people of that .-generation;, invincible  'to, ���lieigh'bors, en'vWd 'by conteiiiiiioi-aries,  and ainodel for imitation. Right he is,  ���but it is ,possIble;.to oar .wonfcers "as  things are going n'ow. VV'e are raising  u band of Ulnieves, a band of.'pa.u.pei-s, a  ���bamd, of ineii whose hearts, are. full of  biliter ��mtem.pt-for all society; we .are  reanlngu mighty host, ajia"we.are"prdc-  tlc'ally in-alklng It impossible, for-.'tiiem  to7know anytihing: about;this'.culture,  .that Is hailed for. its" ipotential'!ties.7..T_ic  .tsiieiits: 'are-: there, uhe possibilities are  there, the: frame Is t'here for the .polishing,' the iwin'd; ds there for/the'enriching, 7evorythlng. Is. there, 'but't'he gad  and; grind ipow,er, stops in'and aiys no,  you "must 'let these: live and die like  savagfcs.- The Jlfe itasik: of '.every individual, ��ays Bluntschli, Is to' deu'elop  _lj.|s7ga_pjicitjes, and to unaiilfest his* es-  for it, and I believe God calls for it,  Let us say with Tennyson:  King out the grief that saps the mi.nd  For whose that here \vw see no miWi  Ring out the fued of rich and poor,  Hing ln redi-ess to all mankind.  Ring out the want, the care, tht' sin.  The fattlhless, coldness of the times;  Ring out, ring out my mournful i-hy.ines,  Iiut ring the fuller minstrel In.  Ring out old shapes of foul disease,  King out the narrowing lust of gold,  Ring out the thousand wars of old,  ilUnjf In the thousand years of. .peace.  Ring In the valiant man and free.  The larger heart, tIk- kindlier hand.  Ring out the darkness of our land,  Itlng In the CMirlst that is to be.  stmco. That is true, eternally true, ibut  tlhe 'life work of .-mi'lUons says competition Is to get ibread and butter, and if  these things cannot be got,; then to  starve or become thei'lelims of a. relief  ioiiuiiitit��e It �� as seeing and' iknow Ing  the struggle in all Its bearings t'hat  mnde Huxley, say, ilf there Is no hope  of a large .liniprovemeiit of the conditions, iimrk, of the greatest |Mwt or  tlhe'human family, I would hall Uie advent of some kindly comet to sive��?p it  aiiay It mis this vile stiuggle that  Induced iKenry George to say, tlml If  one were given the choice of t-ntenlng  lire as a black man ot lAustTiiHii, un  Unglishmnn Ini tflie Arctic circle, or  among the linwest classes In such u  highly civilized country as Orent Britain, and lie might have added the United States, he would molke lnflnHely the  better choice in selecting the choice  of a savage. It was tilills, ibrulallzlng  struggle as reviealed In statistics that  made Mu-. Klddaay, that the evidence  preaenited by Mr. Booth goes far to justify even the Btrongest -words of-Mr.  Huxley, a dhange is needed, la stentor-  ���lajily:deirtanded. Right calls ifor-It.  Justice calls fotr tt.   Humamlty calls  'AtAIN.'TRNANOE-OF-WAY iME*M.  'Among the lii-aintenance-of-way men  on the C. P. R. the seeds or unionism  liave taken dee;p root. Instead','of 'being piicjudiced a'gainst the organization .thtvt gave them almost, .three  months of enforced holidays, they take  a just ipride in the fact that- they are  pioneers in -a' movemen't that shall  eventually i|VIace American .trackni'en in  the front nanlks"of orgaiiiized .rla'bor  anions. TihrOugh tlie" efforts of President J. IV Wilson; Chairman Lennon,  aiiiid" an .eitieient staff of organlizers, the  ���eastern iiarts.and, Iin fact, all of the!  C. 'P. Tt. will, iin the near 'future, have  local lodges, aiid local committees on  all roa'dmastei's' 'divisiiuis, prat'ec.tl\'��  Iboards on 'general supeiintciident's divisions, woilking -under a joint pi-otec-  tine Iboard for the entire system,'and  in fUIie -past .^morath strentious effonts  have been made io accomplish thls'end,  ���nflillch Irave been' crowned with siic-  cess7 Lodges on the Pacific division  have been,'formed at the, following  points: A"'an con ver,' ijlission Oity, Yale,  ���Ashcroft, iSh-uswap, Salmon Arm. iRe.v-  elstolte, Goid'.n, Flleld. on t'he main line;  and,  on.K'ootenay ���branches, -at Rose-  '    ���-./.'- ���������������:  ���berry; on Nakus.p and San'dond-alilwa.v,  -alt. Nelson; and a't" Eholt on t'he (_."&  AV.; Co-nlt.raiy.itq the croakings of. the  'oltie-ruin  ipidphsts,   the    'wealk-'kneed.  itimid  and    skeptical    trackmen    wiho  stood aloof last spring 'an'd refused "to  join the organization, are now joining  to'si.   man.   The   ina.n'tenaiice-of-\v��y  nteiron tlie C..F. .R. will he the^best  organiz'sW  body  of  employees  on.  the,  C. P. syalem-iiy-lhe 1st of-JIaroh, 1002.  All, along, the lli-ne nothing hut'words of  fliraise are Iveard for The Independent,  aii'd it is sincerely hoped that its su'b-  '.scriiption 'list inray increase an hundred:  "fold the coming year. / TRA&KMAN.   '  ; ; (A ;"R0US.BR"7FROJt   "SAH\l."l: 7  Following is addressed to the elec_p.x_  of A^'iK-ouver: :;"������'���.���". : :;:"*/7 7  1 Ladies n-rttl Gentlemen,���in. solicliting  your;votes for the oflice- ot iicehse, coin-.  missiioner ifoijlflM,' I promlise, If electei..l,  to do iny ---ut'ihast to stomp out gambling in :'t'his city. - In. iny opinion the  license :l:oard7was largely .responsible  for it'ho laxity as regai'ds the aboyle,: In-',  asmueili as supporters .;.. of ah "open  ���town" were"��� elected" last year by the  ele.mie.nt to whose, interest'it is to Bi'a'ye"  an open .town. If eledt'ed Iipronillse to  do my utimost to stanup out; 'this, most  terrible:evil, and connect the gamlbling  robins -with the ..building in .-wihilah; the  license- is iheld, .a: feat '.seemingly;difti-.  ieufl tr :of adliieVement, duVingv.-ttre'..past'  yeaa-.-.',ln, conciusiion,, I; ivbuld.'llike^tb  say' that.if ���elecitod'; niVj-vrn!ost,,*eiii'.ivest  wish mill 'be to isee'ithe selling of liquor  oii jSumd'ays put down;;an 'open front  wih'dow; -aiid no Sunday desecration of  any kind.; Yoiira for election, ..:i, -; ;7  ii    .:,:.::7:,;'SA'Ji.7j.;gothard.';7:  Adieitisc III The Indcpende1!!!  Hoi ace \\ illlanibon 'Will give you the  test, rales and the best Insurance policy  that tan be had. in the city or anywhere- else. Union men,;when you deal  with Hoiace >ou are deaMng wltih an  old-lt'ime unionist.  Blue Ribbon Tea.is packed in Vancou-  ver_by_white men���are you drinking.itj  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Sengram'H  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  If you want a good Insurance policy  call on Horace .Williamson.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up of tho weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street,  Get  your  life  insured  WI.Haiii*>n.  by    Horace  It* MiaL  Is located at the corner of Carrall und  Hastings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low.price, our 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor. Company, 746 Pender street.  Robt. Todd and L. D. Taylor are independent candidates for the license board.  Don't go back on tbe  pendents.  P. 0. BOX 296. THONE 179.  w. <3. McMillan e�� Co.,  Wholes vl�� Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS ���  M0X0GRAM, MARGUERITA,       -  BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUST1LL0,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZAD0S, SCHILLER,  Corner .Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver,'B. 0.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AN-DVLABOK  COUNCIL���President, John Crow; vice-  president, XV..3. Lamrick;-secretary, T. H.  Cross;: llnnncia.l. secretary, AV. J. -Beer;  treasurer, C. Croivdor; ,-. statistician, ,.*W.  ;\lcKtssock;,serseaiit-at-arms, G. F. Lenfesty/ Meetings���First and third Friday In  each'niontli, :at 7.30,p.m., in 'Union hall,  corner Dunsiniuir and .Homer streets.-  ���  JOURNEYMEN. BARBERS': INTERNATIONAL UNION, No.- 120���President  G."W*. Isaacs; vice-president, A. H.' Lcff-.l  K.att; correspoiidlni; - financial- secretary;-  D. ������ P. Johnson, -IK Hastings : St. East;  recording -. secretary, CD.'. Morgan-,'  treasurer,-. J.-:.'A'..-'Davldsbn;i sulde, J.' A.  Stowart; guardian, E. Morsan; delegates  lo.T. & L. Council: G-. W. Isaacs. : Meets  flrst and 'third 'tWednesdays of each  month   in". Union - Hall.. >,,,y.:. ���-���,,. -  U v KS, WAl'IL'^fc AN'D WAlTRL'SSnS  Union. Local No. S3.. President, Chas.  Ovei, \lce-pr.��.'deiit, XV. XV Nelson, recording secietnu. Jas H Peiklns,'financial bceretaiv, ft J Loundes. tieasiij.  er,, Wm.Ellcnder. Meeting every. Friday  at S.30 p. m. In:Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  VANCOU'iR TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  'No 22ii meet the last Sunday, In each  month at Union hall. President, C. S.  Ciiiiipbcll; vice-president, ' doorec Wilby:  secretary, S. J; Gothard, P. O. hox CS;  treasurer,*.XV.. Brand;, sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew 'Stuart; executive committee, E.  L....WooilTiifC, S. K...Robb,'. J. H. Browne.  N. Williams; delegates* to Trades and  Labor council. J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J.  n.   Bron ne. ,  STREET RA1 UW.U'i'^DBN'S UNIONt-  )Meets second.and fourth Wednesday of  each month, 'in, Sutherland 'Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at Sip.,m. President, G.j-Dickle; vice-president,'John Frlzzell: secretary, A..; G.  Perry;'- treasurer,; H.; Vanderwalker: .conductor; Ed.:Manning; warden..;D.' Smith;  sentinel.-. -T. Dubberle'y;; ^delegates:: .to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. -Bartoii.'.Geo.'" Lenfesty, G. Dickie  and H..-*A.f MteDonhld. yVS"i; ;.:: ;:V /  UNITITO BROTHERHOOD OF C \.R-  PBNTERS nnd s Joiners���Meets every  second and. fourth Thursdayiln-.Union  Hall, room No. 3. President, G.'Dobbin-  vice-president, J. -;���__!. .Sinclair;.' recording  secietary, XV. T MacMullcn.ci financial  secretary, H. S. Falconer; - treasurer, J.  Forgiuson: conductor. R.-MacKenzle-.'wiir-  den, J MoLeod: delegates lo T and L  council, Rotot. Macpherson, G* Dobbin,. J.  M.  Sinclair;  TH F.    K ETA 1V - CLERKS', -INTERN A- '���  TION'AL PROTKCTIVEA'SSOCIATION  riicels In O'Brien's. Hall,   .ilie   first.and -'���  ���third -.'J'-nesdays  of each  month. ^..T.l A.  Phillip, president; XV J. L.imi'ick,:secre-.;  tary, ��� 24S Princess: street.   '������'   -  >.,.;- r,,./, -   y  TUXAU.. MINERS UNION, No. 113, W.  F.-M��� meets even,- Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  in,-Foresters', hall. Van Anda. President,  R.Aitl.en; vice-president, C. A. Melvllla;  ������eoretarj, A Rapcr Van Anda, B. C;  treasuicr, H V Price, conductor, P.  Burt: warden. John Llnklater.  INrEHNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  iMAOHINISTS���Beaver Lodge. No...182���  Meels second nnd .fourth. ''Wednesday In.  each .month, in Union' Hall. 'President,  Wm. Boer; corresponding..secretaxy, E.  Tlmmlns. 721! Hamilton', street: flnancfaJ  secretary,' J. H. McVety, 1211 Seymour  street.  VANCOUVER, 'l.'ISI-IICB-MiKN'S' ,-UMKW;.  *No.v. 2.".  erects  hi. Utboiv Hull,, Houkt  sireefc the last Saturday in each. moiiU��iit- ���;  S p.:m_   Ernest. Burns,, president; Ohaa.-.  Durliani. secretary.v.S'l":Harris .street.,y'%l;.  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AN'D CONFECTIONERS' Inteni.itionnl Union ot  Ameilc.i Local No 11. Vancouver, B.  C; ;' President, James Webster: vice-president, J \V Wilkinson, lecoiiHnff secre-  tail, Muido 'M.icLean, 2721 W.-,tminst��r  Aiciuie fin mcl il--eciet.ili, If McMuUln,  Toronto Candy Co.: '..treasurer.; ,.W.' A.  Woods, ,5") Ninth Aio, Mt Pleasant;  conespoiuling secret ir\, F Rawllngs;  Bainwell Bios, Ginnvlllo stieet, imas-  lo I* & L Council ("I \V N.nacs. Meets  Hist and thlid \VediiLsdiys of eaeli  mouth in Union Hnll  CIGATtlMMCERS' UNION |N>Ol 357���  Meets the ',lrst Tuesday in each month  In Union Hall President, A Kochel;  vrce-presldeiit, F Cronder, secretary,  G.,\Thomas. Jr.. US Cordova.street vreet;  tieasurer,' S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms,. J. W.yBrat; delegates -to. Trades  and Labor Council,-J. Crow, C. Cixywder,  C_.  Nelson.,  7'4.:ls>S'  'ii'fixyh'  i'Mysx  u  BROTHERHOOD OP PAINTERS ANI>  DECORATORS, Local Union No MS,  Meet3 everv Thursday in Labor Hall.  President '-W.'l Pavler;: vlcerpresldent, R  Crush socrotarv, C Plnder 1719 (Eighth  a\cnue, Falrview, tie.isuier, II. MeSorley.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  AMiDRICAk No 17!i-Mect-. altomato  Mondays In room 1, Union Hall. President. F Willinms, vice-president, 'MIS9  Graham; recording secretary, H. O.  Burrltt, financial secretarv, > Walfrea  Larson; treasurer; C. E. .NellBonj -ser-  goant-at-arms,  A.  J   Kennedy.  8AMDBL II. KOB1NB, Superintendent.  XVAHB, CODtMAN & KVANS, AjenU  V��ncon����r City, B. C.  DELICIOU& WINE  Made Exclvhivkly non B. C. Fruit,  FRESH COT FLOWERS.  UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip around the  Part call on  O  W* V* tlODCS     Lighthouse  I CHOICEST���*C>  juors ancsxiQars  Flnt-clauroogu Irom W cent* uj..  IR. HIRRY    -    -    ,    PROP/  :'-^l  .  7:7s.'  ' Til-.-Jsann*  '���  V  ���sv  i a  w  r-  /  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY JAJNTTARY i, tSSff  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    -WEEKLY IN THE .INTERESTS OF THE MASSES  BV  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT     OF     FLACK     BLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET, VAN-  _  . COUiVER, B. C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN ADVANCE.  A week, a cents; month, 13 cents; three  months, 3-'i cents; six moiulia, 05 cciits;  ��no year, $1.25.  ENDORSED BY THE   TRADES    AND  I_ABOR,_COUNCU_,   TH'E  VAN'COU-  u    VER   LIABOR   PARTY   AND   THE  .'     BU1I_DING TRADES COUNCIL,  SATURDAY JANUARY 4, 1902  MUNICIPAL POLITICS.  "It Is simply a disgrace to-a city the  "size of Vancouver that competent and  jnx)gresi>ive men cannot be .persuaded  to accept nomination Cor municipal honors. Theie njust be some reason far  the apathy d'lsgilayed iby. the citizens In  .this direction. .What .Is lt? We belleve  one of the "principle reasons is. the ihoji-  erty quallllcation, wlvlcli 'Is nothing:  more~cr liss than a. l'ellc of liaubatlsin.  L-Vnother 'is .Unit of the liquor ijucstlon.  ��� It is quite unnecessary to argue on the  former .point just now, bec-auce tlio  sample council selected fiom the property-owning class speaks for itself.' In  all sui'enesM could a anore incompetent  iigirregntion be found anywhere? Th:a  lif till'-- property quallllcation bins the  procuring of good councillor* why not  change t.he law and give It a trial? In  the old country all male voters in municipal elections sue entitled *ti�� hold  olllce. Anld why should not thnt custom /prevail  here?  Tihe   liquor  question .pruven.ts   iiiany  - honorable business and   -working   men  ��� from tinkling an active interest in mu-  nlotpcil iiffiiliu. Iten, nvtio bt'll'jve Ui  moderation, 't'lia.t there _ue two ��id-;.i  to tih-e liquor question, and aro opposed  ; to 'Pichlbit'ion, will 'not go into municipal polities and be cnici.'lJd toy thnso  who hold extreme vteivx on both sides.  Take for .instance t.he narrow temperance fanti.tlc, and the free nnd easy  ivhlslrey enthusiast, nobody could  please them both, nnd he would 'be ,i  ,   fool   who attempted    to  Iry.     C'ons?-  - quentlly tcctnbillisin an'd Intemperance  Join hands and persecute and ruin men  In business whoihappciied to be elci.ted.  'Alien do you 'blame goad men keeping  out of the dirty mess? Tlicre are in  this cily 47 hotels, 12 saloons and-" retold stores, coirtrlliutlng about $23,000 n  year     .to     't'he     chic     ireasury      In  ' licenses, Hiosides jiaylng ilieav.v  rents and taxes. - Am army is  (employed in the .trade, the great majority of whom are good people, spen'dins  thousands of doll lairs In our mid..t.  But these iieoiile on the stretM and lliey  ���vviill add' to the nlrtoudy over-crowd.>d  lalbor market. Hotel men and their employees nre 'thus driven .to des.pora.tion  and support candidates regardless of  their other views who will deal fmlrly  .by Ithem. And, on t'he other hand, the  'temperance elements put up their candidates. .The consequence is that the  liquor question Is made tlhe leading issue in each 'municipal contest. The  other Important questions suffer :in the  ineoimrtilte. To <ybviate this, in'our  opinion, tbe license' board should be  reconstructed and made responsible  alone to the' electorate. The council  an'd mayor should not be expected to  interfere with tihe affairs of the license  board, Ibecause so long as they are  -compelled to do so men are "prevented  ^_ibeIncr_'elected_ivho_woul(l_Jigiiee-on_ perhaps more Important questions affecting, tflie iVintierests ami welfare of the  oity. There are nuiny intellectual men  In ithe liquor business who would ibe a  oi^edlt nnd 'honor to nny city, und they  are deprived from holding otilce solely  .an ax-count of their business. Is 'this  fair? Premier Seddon, of-'Neiv Zealand,  Ikept an iliotel, but that did not proton c  ��� ttilm from occupying ;the high olllce he  (holds to-dny. -When this city was llrst  4nconporatcd the only money It had to  start with was .the license fees and  >_ loon of $l_i5,000 nt 8 per cent. But  things have changed since then, und  now there arc other sources of revenue.  Theiefore the "constitution of the  llucese (board tfhould be changed.  Take the present mayoralty content,  and we Kind that the chief Issue Is the  liquor question. The record of the can-  'didates so far as labor Is concerned Is  ��ll. Ibe woricliypnen of this city cim't  even have the union label recognised  by the oounoll, letaloiie municipal oivn-  elrshlp or anything else. Thc> are divided on 'Uie H<juor question just as  ���flhtey are on .religion. In many cities  delegates from, brewers'    and (barten  ders' unions bold seats on ithe trades  and labor councils, and the stand generally taken iln such places is that  the liquor question is one alor.e  for temperance societies to gra.pple  with. Labor ojuesrtilons are taken up  and made live ilssues���'not liquor. From  a lalbor point of view we Ibelicve tt is a  case of sixs so far as the candidates  for mayor ��ve concerned.  Th'e -records of most of the retiring  ���aJdeimien are, to say tho least, .peurile  and coiiitampt'lble. Two candidates,  wiho line seeking election ns aldermen,  We think, should 'have a trial on the  council board���Messrs. Bladanore  and 'Moitton. Though, were the stock  company that usually holds the boards  at the t'lty hall returned again, we  would iplty any new comer or parts  among them.,  W'ho will bf; tildenne.il next yeur?  For displays of unmitigated gall this  civic campaign certainly .provides some  dhole* examples.  Forty-utlne -candidates .were nominated on Thursday. Some of thoin are  good mien, tout there are a lot totally  uminttetl for any olllce within the gift  of the people.  wants to seOl, In order to get abesud ot  his competitor. But tihe thing must be  kept up, 'even if lit does degrade some  men by making- them look like clowns.  "Comipetltlon is the life of trad��," you  know. But how about the lives of th?  sandwich men?���N. Y. Worker.  The Voice, of Winnipeg-, Issued .1  (Usautlful Christmas number ln niasvi-  zlnc -fonin. The typographical appearance and tlie letter press were exe��l-  lrnr. We congratulate the Voice on Its  erne i-pi'ise.  Referr.lng to tlie provincial ���plpatforni  of .the socialists ol Hritlsh CoIuntUla,  tho Seattle Socialist says: "'This so-  called socialist ipkitform .might Just as  well be iheaded Radical 'Platform, and  no one would dream t'hat socialists had  anything   tb  do   with  it."  A majority of the propeiity-ownors of  Victoria have Just defeated a.by-law to  provide money to improve the sewerage  system of that oity. To 'say the least  this iict is criminal. Cities so s.iort-  I'lfiilitPd f'lould 'be compelled by the  soierii'imeiit to have proper sewerage,  even against their will. Bad sewerage  is very nijit to cause a plague at uny  tlin? Miat may .sacrilice many lives.  Tlio congregation of the Dpworth M.  E. ohurt.li In .Marlon. Ohio, bus uibaui-  doned itlie cihui-cOi kitchen and all other  money making schemes lu .the church.  Tihoy have blacklisted* .sale.-,-, -suppers,  pay socials, etc., and the women who  have made slaves " of themselves in  keeiping them going will now rest fiom  their -labors. If members of churohos  are not sulllciently interested to pay  the exipenses directly, tliey Ji'aveii't got  tihe required "quantity of the grace of  God.  PhO'i-opnit tlml the IRuxslan police  have seized Tolstoi's "lleu.ning ot Life"  reiitiiuls one of the slory of tihe work..  of Tom Payne being ordered lo be  burned In the market-place of a certain  town. The town crier, 'after perambulating all thi-ougih die town, ringing  Ills bell and conima-mllug the people,  In tihe name of the iking, to deliver tiip  the booiksof tho noted fnlldsl. return-id  empty-handed lo uhe chief mag-lsti-n'le,  declaring that _i'e could find neither the  "Itlg'hts of .Idan" nor "Common Sense"  In ttoe town.  Not Really Dead.  Brittsili Columbia politics may look  good to professionals, hacks and grafters, but they look like petty lurceny  to the people iMho have tlit- votes. The  small cunning wihlcdi will pack a convention to keep It from being representative can never ipiovide brains for  a leader. Joe 'Martin is a better nuMi  with the people *o-ilay than he ever  was, and all these conver.tlon-stutllng  self-appointed liberal superiorities will  never kesip him dnivn. They should  know that by now. Tliey 'haive spent  barrels of money to defeat him and  they 'have declared1 him dead through  every purehasa.ble newspaper and from  every pulblic plaptfonin In di. C; .but If  Joe's mangled remains lay a rhousmd  feet beneath a Siocan snow-slide and ihij  ghosi appeared at tMs libeiul convention and swore on a stack of bibles  from 'here to Three FtM-ks that 'he was  l-eallly dead those ��� mercenary coast  politicians would carefully search tihat  ghost to sefe if lt had not a 'bunch ol  popular Issues cached somewihere a'bout  its clothes.���Sandon Paystreolc.  for fall  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  "Seal) Times."  Have "scab times" made you rich?���  ltassland World.  A Hard Law.  In   Russia  you   must   marry   before  eighty or not ��.t all], and you nwiy marry only Ave times.���Oswego Tames.  A Difference.  - Is It true that politicians, (before and  after ar, election, .-ire distinctly different individuals?���St. John Freeman.  The LuteJ-it.  _i_l'Dull_.pick'l_l_ijtlie_'la test-slung- name  for the ouit-of-work rounder.   Tarrler,  hobo,  stiff, gay-cat audi  such    names  are ouit-of-date.���-Sandon Paystrealk.  More Up-to-Date.  Once  the  fad iva�� to  attribute fires  to mice .nibbling mutches.   Now crossed  wires do duty om most occasions.���victoria Colonist.  All the Same.  It Is of no particular benefit thut  Brlt'l>ih Columbia workingmen rthould  vote .together, and It win be a positive  Injury If ithey should (happen (o win  an election, unless itihey distinctly understand thnt their interests as a class  r.re exactly opposed to the Interests of  the ctaplUillats us a class.���Seattle So-  (tliilist.  The Lire of Trade.  What a strangle light Is thrown upon  the ipiescnt system, when we look i.l  the humiliating speofacle presented by  *i'ie so-called "sandwich men," who are  dedked out with  all   sorts of eontrl-  vmnoes to catch the eye ot fchO putollc,  IMMIGTtATlON.  This is a' wide country, says the Toronto Star, and at flrst glance it may  appear to many people that the stand  ���taken 'by organized labor, us voiced  through the Toronto Trades and Labor  council, on the question of ilii.migration,  .is a very narrow one, and flint it has  u dog .In the .manger look about it.  Like all questions, 'howaver, it 'has more  sides itlhan one. Given fair conditions,  laibor, organized or unorganized, would  ihave ino reason to complain nt seeing  woi'kingmen flocking from other countries to this. Neither does laibor complain ut the Immigration whioh .finds  Its way to fli'ls counltry unaided from  the 'taxes of those already 'h'sre. The  objection Is solely against the ..ysteiii  of assisted immigration. In its rei>ort  on this question at a he ltu>t mooting of  the council is the following sentence1:  "Your .committee does -not rmlse the  slls'htest objection to the fullest welcome to suitable immigrants who come  of their own accord, but th'ey do most  emphatically object to the taxation of  'labor in order to llocd the luitfor market  against the wage-earner and to favor  the iprotected capitalist. While the tariff often favors the employer fifty per  cent., the lini'mignition policy cuts down  it he wage of la'bor we iknow not how  much per e6nt."  .  That Is'the wlhole case for the organized labor side of the question. As long  ,-is 'uhe caipitalists fcJcl t.lie need, or pretend they feel the need, or protectio-i  against foreign conipelLtiion, they have  no cause to coiiTpluln when working-  men say they mustib'e protected against  a system of assisted Immigration. The  woilkingmnn may ibe Just as s-enstble  of the -weight of the arguments thait  there are .millions of acres of land in  UjIh country waiting to be occupied,  and that \Mliat we want 'is population  io develop tlhe resources of Canada, as  is it'he employing clness. but he 'has a  perfect .right to ask for and insist upon  gottlng fair play in the game.  A rich and beautiful showing of the  latest Dress Fabrics for Fall, laOl.  Every wantable kind of material ls  Included dn this showing of ours. We  devoted considerable time to tlie picking of'these goods, which fashion has  decreed as correct. The result Is seen  In the unapproachable assortment,  from which we mention a few of the  weaves we have In the latest designs  and shades.  ZBBOLINE, VENETIANS.  HOMESPUNS, OHHVIOri,  SUITINGS, BROADCLOTHS,  FRENCH FLANNELS, Etc., Etc.  We ask you to call and see them.  We know the price will do the rest.  IR  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  We reach wherever the malls reach,  To tlie Electors of Ward V:  o  Ladies and Gentlemen:  Your Arole and. influence ara  respectfully requested for  the election of the progressive candidate as Alderman  for 1902 for the City of Vancouver.  J.��BHN NORTON.  llttlf  THE GI'R'L TO WED.  If you want a. wile who will at least  fry to mnke you comfortable and Quippy  aUter the flush of the ihoneymoon has  'passed look for a girl wiho ihas good  health, -who i!s -brisk and tidy about  t'he house and sings alt 'her 'wortk, who  ls good and helpful to her mother, who  Is ihuman enough to ibe uneifectedly  happy that she ihas won a ihuEband and  wiho lis proud of 'hlni and.of 'her wifehood, iwtho ihas iwlt enough to make a  delig'htful companion, and does not feel  iherself so superior that nothing her  husband_does_ Is-tubave. crltlotsnii^who  Is old-fashioned onoug'h to take pride  Jn a clean -house, a well cooked imeil,  neatness ot .person and dress; one who  can In ugh and who Is on file lookout  to meet .her huMwuid when, he cam-as  ���home lirom work. The world is" full of  suoh ivomen; each one beyond ��. price  to the man who wins iher, loves her  ���ami treats tier right.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  gtablee. .  Prink Red Cross Beer, the lieer that's  pure, 76c pints, |1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, SOc boitle, at Gold  Scpl Liquor Co,, 746 Pender Btreet.  C. Ellis, corner Gambia and Cor-  cloiu stieet-., is the place you can got  voui hail cut in un uitistiu manner.  To the Electors of Vancouver:  I beg to announce myself  as a candidate for License  Commissioner at the coming  .Municipal Elections. My  platform is the Enforcement  of all Liquor ]}y-la\v.s, giving  justice to all. .11 elected 1  pledge myself to do all in  my power to uphold law and  order.    Respectfully,   ..  L. D. TAYLOR.  G!VE A VOTE TO  II  FOR  WARD V.  To the Electors of Ward V.  LiA.DI.ES AN'D GENTLEMEN:  In response to tihe wishes of ,a larg<e  .'lumber of my friends, I 'h'ave the honor to again offer myself a candidate,  for the fount'h time, for your suffrages  as an Alderman In tlhe ipending munici-  "pal-electIon,"��Trd-trast���fcliaifliiy. efforts  In the past may merit 'a contin.uajice  of your faivor.  1 am, yours obediently,  '  W. H. WOOD.  Z&d/ tsflS  Ho &/U<ttjesks 4*es -Gnu  Jrr&> /urn/ d^rinJtin^ ir ?  is the motto of the management of the Union  Mutual. To serve all interests impartially.  To treat all parties with consistent candor. To  issue policies of pronounced liberality. To  make" all death payments with the utmost  promptness.   To be fair in all dealings.  Honest, crpable Agents can always have employment with us.   i  Uniofl Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. ��� Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans 9  A\  o  Hkad Ofii'ioe : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.0.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  ��o��  ��������  Xover needs to keep men from wearing our Clotliinc. Ther must lit or you  imisn't take them���just so as to style, cloth and appearance. We buy the tio-t  materials made in Europe or America, selected by exports of Ion;; experience nnd  trained observers of fashion's ohnn<_cs. Our largely increased anil iiicroasiiitrbusiness shows that they are right. Why not avail yourself of this opportunity to  dress well and save money.  Trices 1(10.00, $12.00 and $15.00 ajul upward per suit.  Tkleimionb 702.  1G0 Cordova Street.  AND INFLUENCE  RESPECTFULLY  SOLICITED FOR  RE-ELECTION OF  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  For 1902  AND INDUSTRY AND  PROSPERITY.  I.  ii The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  To the Electors of Ward I.  " Bob " Todd, an old-time  unionist, is out for license  commissioner, and will be a  winner.  I_-ABOIt'S STHMNGTll.  From viirlouH American ami forelKn  puiWIriitloiia of recent (Into itilie follow-  lutf table of liicmbwrihlp of lullior or-  Kunl<siitIons In tlio viinilpiil Imlimtiin]  commies of the woild lias been coin-  i[>lltd Membership  Giait Biltnln, end of lift) 1 303,1 111  United States nnd Canada, 1<)00 1,(100 0<M  For stomach trouble of any Und toko  I Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  tiuoixler to call thnlr attention to tills I or you get your money book. EOe box.  or that itihlngr, which some   merchant  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Oo/  Gci n> un\, end of 1900  Wi.-m  Fiiiiue   end of ittOO  J8S.8S2  Au.sJti In  end or 18TI  lf.7,773  Denmark, Jimuniy 1,  1900  9I),S3")  Hun-g-iiry. 1890  i     w.ooa  Sweden,   January  1,  J8<��  5S.II0  Swlts-crland, 1��99  ..    .  4'),034  SpaJn, October, 1801.  31,358  .Ladies and Gentlemen: In  response to-tlio~Tequest of  numerous electors I have the  honor to offer myself as n  candidate for the office of  Alderman for Ward I, and  respectfully solicit1 your support.  Yours faithfully,  WM. BLACKMORE.  FOR LICENSE  and  SOO  LINE  World's  Scenic  Rocife  LOWEST RATES.  BEST service:  THE OLD RELIABLE  CANDIDATE.  To all polnti ln C��duU and the United Bulao.  THK FABTK8T AND BEST KQDIPPKD TBAIH  GK08S1NO THK CONTIKKKT.  auuma fox jink amd cbiwa.  EmpreuodndU  DccM  Athenian . ���   ...Jan. IS  Kmpre���� of Japan        .  Jan. 27.  and erery (our week! tbsreafter.  ���Aiuitg ros Bo��ot,ui.t) add acktbaua.  Aor.ngl        .  JkbJB  Mount  Feb. 7  M lower*  Mar. ��  ami every (oar weeks thereafter  For farther putlcalui aa to time rate* eld,,  apply to ,.  tt. J. OOYLE, JAMES BCLAISB,  A.G.P.A. Ticket Agent,  VancooTer, B. C. CM HaMtosa St.,  Vancouver, B.C  ,  i*  *' S'&fj'^'^ WEARINESS.  V  V  0  O little f:ct that such Ion?: years  Must wander on through liopos and tesrti,  Must ache nnd blccil beneath your load*  I, nearer to ihe wayside inn  Where toil shall ci aie ami rest begin,  Am weary thinking o! your load I  0 little hnnds, that weal: or strong  Have still to terve or rule so Ions,  Have nt ill ro Ions to give or nsk;  I, who so much with book and ven  liave toiled amonfi my follow men,  Am weary thinking of your task I  0 little hearts that throb and beat  With Euch impatient, fevcris-li boat,  Such limitless :imt strong desires;  Min?, that to lonj; has glowed aud burned  With prions into ashes turned,  Now covers and conceals Ita ft re* I  0 little souls, as pure and white  And crystalline aa mys of lij;._t  IHreu from heaven, their Kource divine,  Hofracted through the mln of years,  How veil my setting sun appear.;,  How lurid looks this soul of mincl  ���Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.  IA QUEER  COURTSHIP!  Tall? Yes, very. She stood a head  above the average man.        "���  Slight? No. That is too poetical a  word to bo in nny way applied-.to .the.  heroine of this little tale, whose lean,  scrawny figure looked for nil the world  like a series of badly connected angles  nnd whoso stooping shoulders nnd narrow chest wore clad' in a faded black  jacket.  This garment, with its rusty surface  o and  pulled  seams,  suited  well tho  sad  looking woman  into  whoso dreary  life  came one little bit of color, which I shall  try to describe.  Her face corresponded well with the  rest of her appearance, for it was faded  and worn and surrounded by a fringe of  straight, dusty brown hair pulled tightly  back from the sallow, weary face, whose  one redeeming feature was the eyes-  dark gray and oh, so sad!  She had that expression of wistful  waiting sometimes seen In the eyes of R  faithful dog who has lost its master and  seems ever to wait always patiently and  to watch ever expectantly for the beloved  face.  She was a Norwegian,  named  Etta,  nnd  lived  in  our  family  as  cook  for  . nenrly n year. /  Weeks passed by; and enrly autumn,  which had brought lier to us, shed leafy  tears and departed suddenly, leaving us  all unprepared for winter's advent, which  announced itself in a cold, dismal rain.  Up to this time Etta bad never received  n letter or any communication from the  outside world. She never left tho house  nnd scorned the idea of no afternoon out.  However, on this grizzly day there was  a surprise, a grent surprise, for Etta wns  discovered holding an open letter tightly  grasped in one hand. But when she  found herself'regarded-it was hastily  thrust into a voluminous pocket in her  skirt.    :  Now, this pocket was a marvel in itself,  as it could hold myriads'of things. Why,  one day I snw her.produce n pillowcase,  a workhox, scissors iind brass thimble  at one fell swoop; at another time���but I  am wandering far away from tho letter  and its consequences, i  The mysterious epistle was seen several  times again, nud these glimpses showed it  to be'worn and rumpled with much rending. ' No doubt it would have been read  nnd reread out of existence had not another, fresh nnd 'clean! replaced the first.  This I took from tlio. postman and so  had a chance to seo the uneven, charitc-  terless writing, the Christianin postmark  and Norwegian stanipi It was followed  a week later by another, then another.  I became interested, for I felt I was on  the track of a real live'romance.  The ' pale,.'tired face seemed to grow  brighter in those days, and for the first  time Etta made frequent trips to the city,  returning laden with bundles of every  sue and description. All,ber spare time  was now employed ln sewing. Calicoes  and prints were made and laid aside. For  some reason or other Etta wns replenishing her clean but scant and somewhat  dilapidated wardrobe.  Another link in the chain, thought I,  nnd .began to imagine the arrival of a  stalwart Norwegian lover left in Norway two years before, when she had  come to try her fortune in America.'  Letters came more- frequently, nnd  Ettafgrew correspondingly brighter and  ��� cheerier���she; even seemed to try to hold  herself moro erectly, for often the bent  shoulders were suddenly straightened.ns  she went about her work. 7 Her voice,  formerly so tired and hopeless, took on a  more cheerful tone.  Not tho lenst remarkable of Etta's  peculiarities waa her manner of speak-  jng..7 Slowly .and lispingly came the  broken English, which was nt first so  bard to understand. Such a sad mixture  \ of her mother tongue and this new,  strnnge language, such verbal compllca-  ^tions=and_.mi.'.placed_pluraI,s,_were_never_  heard before.  About this timo I mentioned my romantic notions to my mother, but she  only laughed,'' being entirely unable to  conuect Etta's sad appearance with a  lover, Norwegian or of any other land.  She called me a romancer, but I still felt  sure I was right.  Sooner than I expected came tbo  chance to vindicate myself, for. the next  tiny as I sat idly by the window watching  tho pnssorsby my attention was attracted by a queer llttlo;,figure way down the  street which onirici on toward the house  at a rattling pace, gnyly swinging a huge  enne, and 'pulling vigorously at a mammoth cigar. At a distance lt was impossible to tell whether he was a boy or  man, such a comical littlo figure he was,  dressed in a snuff colored suit, with a  rose in his buttonhole and tlio tiniest  derby Imaginable tilted ovcr oue car.  Gazing laughingly at him, I. was just  telling my mother to look at thnt absurd  little creature when what was our surprise to sec Etta, tho staid, the quiet,  dash wildly across the lawn, rush wildly  to tho gate and, throwing her arms  nbout the little, fellow's neck, kiss him  first on one check nnd then on the other.  The man, after a few.quiet but earnest  struggles, managed to free himself, from  her long, tbin nnns and looked. up into  her face," so high abovo him, with pleasure surely, but without a trace of lover-  like ardor.        ,. i   .  On closer Inspection it proved to be  such a funny, ioij, childish face thnt it  wns impossible to look at it without  Inusiiing. Etta seemed to find it so, for,  smiling happily, the escorted him back  to the bouse, her lone arm linked in his  short one, almost lifting him from the  ground at every step, and presently we  heard the low monotone of their Toices  in the kitchen below.  Not the least queer thing nbout this  queerest ot queer men was a yellow  shock of hair plastered down in carefully  arranged scallops all around his chubby  lace. I suppose it never occurred to  him that the liai'kof his head was ever  seen, for there the hair stood straight out  iu bristly points.  Soon "Etta appeared and, blushing and  hesitating, said, "My cousin huf corned  l'timi Christianin."  , That wns all, but my theory wns proved, and I made use of Hint tlmr-worn and  aggravating phrase, "What did 1 tell  yon?"  Days came nnd went mid so did tho  Utile Norwegian, but nothing was said of  nu approaching marriage, l'nrcels poured in upon us, and El to sewed steadily  en. Each afternoon Auguste (wo learned  .hlu mime) appeared, apparently propelled  li.v llie regular motion ot his cane. Some-  huiv he always appeared liko'a piece of  iiiacliiiiory, for his appearance never  clmiigi'd���always the snuff colored suit,  the little hat and the buttonhole bouquet.  And he seemed to go und come inechnn-  . icaliy, enveloped in n cloud of smoke  puffed from the big cigar.  Etta owned one thing strangely out of  keeping with lier other possessions, lt  was n large gold watch .attached to an  old fashioned chain from which dangled  two or throe odd foreign looking charms  of tine workmanship. '" She was very fond  ot it, as it hail belonged to her mother,  mid wore it always, till at last it seemed  almost a. part of herself. Seeing her  without it one day I exclaimed immediately, ns 1 thought sho must have lost it.  Slio waited a moment before replying  and then said slowly,'"I haf lend it to  my cousin."  She then told me that Auguste was a  barber by trade and bad como to America  with money she hnd sent him for the  trip.  After the disappearance of the, watch  Auguste caiie less frequently and as  time went on, seldom appeared oftenor  than onco a week. There Was no more  sewing, nnd Etta began to look more ns  of old. Little by littlo tho happy light  faded from bor face and tbo gray eyes  became sadder by contrast perhaps than  before. ���'. %  '  A time enmz when weeks passed without a sign of the little Norwegian, but  one dny a letter arrived for Etta in the  same crooked writing. Some time later  in the day," going into the kitchen, I  fould Etta leaning on the table, the letter crumpled in her clinched hands end  her face buried in her arms.'  * 1 touched her gently on tho shoulder,  but got no other response thnn the low,  stilled sobs which shook the poor, thin  body from head to foot. At Inst sho  raised her sorrow stricken face and lifting her eyes to mine, said slowly, with  her lisping accent: "I have to go vay.  I'haf.sorrow, great sorrow."  She,would tell but little of her story.  She was to have married her cousin In a  few weeks' time, but he had tired of her.  and that day a letter, had come from  him, first begging her to forgive him and  then telling her thnt ho had sold her  treasured watch and by the time she got  that letter would have sailed on a vessel  bound for Norway. ���  "Sliall you, too, go home?" I said.  Slowly and sndly came the answer,  "No," and I felt that with tho utterance  of that little word she gave up all hope  und renounced forever all thought of the  happiness slio hnd -been picturing for  herself the Inst few months as sho snt  sewing steadily, only pausing now and  then, with a little flush in her pale checks,  to, softly steal a bnnd iuto her pocket  and touch tbo letters she always carried  there.  Next morning Etta could not bo found.  In a corner of her room stood a little  hair trunk labeled with a Norwegian address and filled with the garments so  recently finished. It was corded up and  sent to Christianin. It may hnve reached  its destination or it may not. Its fate  is as uncertain as Etta's own. The poor  womnn, tired, disappointed nnd hopeless,  had vanished thnt night, taking with her  little else than her sad, sad thoughts.  I often picture her with her stooping  shoulders and pallid, tear stained face,  every vestige of love and hope gone out,  wandering away into the night and gazing up at the stars, bo serene and far  nway. ns she murmurs, "Forsaken, forsaken!"  Ralea For Writers.  Tho following rules Sir Walter Besant  drew up, for his own guidance:  Practice writing some original thing every dny.  Cultivate the habit of observation.  Work regularly nt certain hours.  Read no rubbish.'  Aim at tbe formation of style.  . Endeavor to be dramatic.  A great element of dramatic skill ls  selection.  Avoid the sin of writing about a character.  Never attempt to describe any kind of  life except that with which you are familiar. -    ���  Learn as much as you can about men  and women.  For tho sake of forming a good natural  style and acquiring command of language, write poe.try.  Joints  Von Can't Carve.  One of the most lucrative trades on the  continent of Europe is that of tho "dummy" maker. There is hnrdly a town of  any size tbnt dons not boast at least half  a dozen representatives of this calling.  Not long since a London police court case  .jrevonled tho fact that the huge cheeses  to be seen In provision shops are seldom  real, but it is doubtful whether the deception extends much further. ���:������. .-.;���... ���  On tho continent nil the cheaper butchers mnke n brave show In nrtlliclnl joints,  becauso they find thnt succulent sirloins,  shapely legs nnd elegant shoulders greatly stimulate trade. As a rule tho trade  In (lummy joints Is worked on tho hire  system, tlio nrlist culling for his Imitations on Monday In order that their pristine freshness.may. be restored, returning  them on 'Wednesday or Thursday.���London Telegraph; ��� y      i'i  '.,.--.        Yon' Can  Ue Replaced.   ������-.���  An undue, appreciation of,one'B.own im-  poit.uicc Is as disastious in Its results as  utter lack 'of belt esteem. It Ib 'really  evidence of n narrow mind nnd Ignorance  of gcneinl, conditions,'fopthe man who is  up to the'times, thntoughly posted in repaid to the woildiiide trend of the twentieth century, will realize thnt there nre  very few people in the world, no matter  what their talents or ability, who cannot be replaced. It is,a veiy rare Ci"ir-  aetor, indeed,'that/is'imperatively neces-  snry, and tbe man who actually reaches  this point does not brag of it or act as if  lie considered himself "indispensable.''-���  Success,  The Farm Repair Shop.  I often wonder how I got along  without a repair shop, writes J. F.  Thomas in tlie Orange Judd Farmer.  Tlio building need not be expensive, but tight and warm. One end  should be risged up for blacksmith-  ing. Uuild a hearth of stono and  ordinary clay mortar, with a good-  sized Hue, nbout nine bricks to the  round. An opening should bo left at  tbe proper plnco for the admission  of a 5 or 6-inch stove pipe, l'ro-  enre a blower or bellows, un utivil,  a drill press, a vise, some dies and  tops, { to J inch, for cutting thread,  a hammer, tongs und two ar three  sizes of bending tools. Steel  punches for hot iron are also necessary, but:: thc.su can bo niiido.  After ..sonio experience, ninny other tools can be made that como  handy. Much of tho'equipment mentioned can often bo gotten second-  bund from machinists or blacksmiths. Collect all kinds of scrap  Iron, bolts, old horseshoes, etc.,  from about the farm. Much useful  iron may often bo gotten for a trille  at public sales. Old horseshoes  welded together, and worked out nre  very useful for making mills, rivets,  links for chains, utc. I have been  using for several years a heavy farm  clinin made entirely from old horseshoes. As to the actual work in  this lino, ninny valuablo hints may  be . gotten from a good-natured  blacksmith. One may need instruction particularly on the working nnd  tempering of steel. For a timo tho  novice may bo discouraged by his  seeming awkwardness, but after he,  gets the set of his hammer and the  bang bf his tongs, some experience  in welding, etc., there will be little  repairing that need bo taken away  from tho farm.  Put in the otlier end of the building a bench or table. Provide a  cross-cut hand saw, nine teeth to  the inch, a square, a smoothing, a  jack and a fore plane, a brace with  at least seven bits differing in size  i inch, three or four sizes of chisels,  a drawing knife, miter square nnd a  hand ax or bench hatchet. A supply of different sized nails and wood  screws. This will equip the woodworking end of the shop for all ordinary repairing. Many new implements can be mado and ironed  complete later. Now get or make a  sowing or Sadler's horse, procure  some needles, wax and thread, harness rivets, etc. Put up a; stove,  fix up the harness and gather the  plows, harrows and other implements that need repairs.  What Total Abttlnenca Doei.  At the mines of Knockmahon, in  the County of��� Waterford, Ireland, nt  thu time Father Matthew visited that  place about 100 persons wore employed, 80 of whom signed the  pledge. Previous to '..he time when  they became teetotalers, their monthly earnings were ��900 ($4,500),  Soon after at the samo work nnd  with apparently as much cost, they  earned ;Xi!,800 ($11,500) in tho  same period of time. Add to this  gain ��400 (��2,000) in wages, .C500  (��2,500) more wliicb it was estimate  ed they had heretofore spent monthly in the public houso,'. and we have  a positive improvement in tho pecuniary resources of tbo industrious people to the extent of ��900 (��4,500)  per month.  Oiie of the teachers of the City of  Waterford states that within two  years after tlio peoplo of Waterford  had entered upon the temperance reform "The working part of the community had in thoir cottages end  rooms, over 1,000 pounds sterling  (85,000) more value in furniture end  clothing than thoy.had before thoy  took the pledge."  From this single instance, too how  happy and prosperous might bo the  condition of workingmen in all parts  of tho world if .'thoy--would enly let  drink alono.  INTERNATIONAL  ,   FRIENDSHIP.  A REMARKABLE DEMONSTRATION AT  GOOD ROADS CONGRESS.  Ono Way of Sattllnff for Sapper*  Threo commercial travelers meeting ut a hotel one winter eveninfe  had a hearty supper together. Supper over; tho three found somo difficulty in' allotting their respective  shares in the bill ; but one of them  at length cut short l Im .i.snuio ty  proposing that whoever had the  "oldest name" among them should  go free, the expenses being halved by  the other, two.  This amendment being promptly  accepted, No; 1 produced a' card; inscribed "Richard . Eve," No. 2  trumped with "Adam Brown.'' Then  No. 3, a portly veteran, with humorous grey eyes, laid down bis card  with tho qu let confidenceof a _cr*at  general making n decisive movement,  and remarked with a chuckle :  "I don't think you'll beat this 'un  gents."  ���And-he���was���rlghtf-for-his-name  Mr. B. Ginning."  Copyright V��loo In Britain.  During tho hoaring of-, a case at a  Liverpool* police court, says The  Liverpool Mercury, it transpired thnt  n window card appealing, in somewhat alluring terms, to:Scandinavian emigrants for their patronage in  tbo matter of Wardrobes, had been  copyrighted nt Stationers'. Hall. This  curious-.'.instunco of tho;extent , of  competition, in a humble branch of  trade considerably amused tho bench  und advocates, und It also testified  to nn appreciation by a foreigner of  tho English law.  Shurlne thn Glorjr.  "Henrietta isn't one of thoso women who want to put a husband in  the background and mako him stay  there."  "No, indeed!"  "Is sho trying to mako you prominent?"  "Yes. She, is.going to deliver a  lecture to her club on how to manage husbands, and sho wants mo to  come up on the platform and be an  examplo "       '  Tho Congress Itself Wus a Great   Success  Niitwillistululliiff   the    Uutownrd    Cit-  cuiitKtHnut'S C'l'ouU-il by   tho   lleutli of  IT. ulilmit   Muliliilny ��� Thanks  of ' llie  1   I'mhoi-lni; for 1'itiimllun Sympathy.  In spite of tho untoward circumstances created by tho dentil of -President ilk'Klnloy, the International  flood ltuads Congress at UulTiilu, in  connection with tbo Exposition,  pi mod a success, highly gi uiif>ing to  its promoters. The Congress ��� was  closed on Saturday morning by an  open air meeting in the 'J'emplo of  Ulusic.  Tbo clin.il* was occupied by     Hon  Martin     Dodge,     head of the Good  Houds Bureau at Washington  Mr, Andrew l'attullo, M. P.. representing the Oovcriiinent of Ontario,  followed President Moore. He begun by references to the history of  road improvement, to the importance-of the subject, to tbo work of  the Congresses that had been held  throughout tho United States, as  woll as to the work that had boon  dono in his own country. Tho following is a report of the concluding  portion of his address, corrected  from the Buffalo Express. Mr. l'ul-  tullo spoke ns follows-  And 'now having endeavored to  show or to suggest the importance  of the good roads problem, the enormous economy of good roads, tbe incalculable loss through bad ones, to  suggest tho many sides and phases  of this vast problem of transportation ��� 'affecting as tbey do the social ns well ns tbe economic well-being of tlie people��� let mo for a mo-  nimit draw your attention to another, to what I may cull a national  and international consideration. You  in this country, like ourselves across  the lino havo been having unexampled prosperity of late. The wheels  of industry have been running fast,  It will not always bo so. Stagnation will come, and witli it distress  and social disturbance. In the olden  days in other lands the curo which  wicked .rulers sometimes sought for  social distill banco wns foieign adventure. There is little fear I trust  that your rulers will ever, sock such  a remedy; for the lives of a long  line of great and good presidents  have made it improbable that any  but. u. good man shall ever (ill 'the  position of chief magistrate of ��� this  nation.    (Applnuse.)     But thero arc  Ilnuger.In Tight. !-hoei.  A physician says that tight shoes  aie a short cut to poor health, because persons wearing them dread  exercise.  AXDItEW PATTULUl,   M.l'.P.  people in this country, as in every  other Jund, who for many reasons  would lovo war.'.'" You have listened  in lccent years to the evangels of  hate from other lands, and the  voices of hate in your own land,  against neighbors whose friendship  tow aids you is as sincere as it is  universal. Mny T sound this note, of  warning? These voices are not for  your good any more than for,, our  good acioss the line. You havo  hud a bitter lesson. It is this:.tbat  words imply and lend to acts.  But you hnve listened to other  voices of bate in this land, the voices  of thoso who hate law a��d order,  who aro alien and hostile to American institutions, to American civilization, to the principles for winch  Washington, and; Franklin,and Jefferson, and Lincoln, and Tilden, and  Gnrllelri, and Cleveland, and McKlnley stood. You have thus on your  hands the two gieat problems of  peace abroad and of social order at  home. When, thcrefoie, you hear tho  voices of foreign aggression or of social disorder, instead of, repeating  tlie bitter history uf the past as in  other lands through blood and tears,  through the havoc and tlie horror of  war, or the seal cely less hateful  policy of police repression, the National Good Hoads Association offers you a better way.  You havo to deal In this country  with a largo class .who work only  with thoir . mouths, (laughter) and  thcir voices are against law , and  order and all that you hold dciir.  They are alien to you and to the  genius' of your institutions/. Instead, therefore, of soup kitchens for  tlie unemployed, givo .thorn honest  labor. Instead of wasting your resources In watching tho lawless: clement in your cities, or 'in keeping it  in idleness in your Jails, offer it on  public works, on national highways,  the alternative of labor or tbo lash.  (I.oud applause.) - I submit with all  seriousness that in the development  of municipal/state, and national  highways, in thu improvement of tlio  streets in your cities; there Is offered  to you the; easiest,- the wisest solution of somo of.,tho great and difficult problems that, confront you  Aiid it is a solution that docs not  involve tho throwing away of money,  but.its wise investment. It is expenditure which while curing social  and national ills will yield vou an  ample economic return.    (Applause )  And now I desire in conclusion,  speaking,on behalf of the Canadian  peoplo, to convey, to you our greetings in two respects, our interest in  the work in which: this Good, Roads  Congress    ia engaged, and our sym-  in the history of any two nations. I  said to this Congress the other day  that when you buriedyoiir President the people of Britain and of  Canada would, stand With you in imagination as mourners .iround tho  open grave. Sinoe that we have  seen a day of mourning,.officially declared, not only in your land, but  in our own. Wus there ever such an  event in the world's history? Was  there ever such a tribute to a public  man? 1 should liko tlie press of this  country to tell all the people of this  country thnt in our shop windows  tlio face of McKinley" is n.s familiar  as here���that tho draperies. o( grief  are us profuso���that on Thursday wo  had religious services in our  churches, as you had, and that from  every evidence our mourning was as  sincere and universal us your own.  By order of the Governor-General,  business was suspended, banks closed, school children dismissed, (and  let us pray that the boys and girls  of the United States and of Canada may never again bo taught to  luite, but to love each other) and  solemn mourning tako the place of  business on thu one hand, and of rejoicing over the arrival to our shores  of tlie future King of: tho. British  Empire. Blood is thicker than -water! Have we not shown you that  the tics of kinship and of friendship  aro stronger than the alien voices of  national bate?    (Loud applause.)  After all that lias been said nnd  written during llwso sad days, no  poor words of mine .would add to  the tributes that have been paid to  your (lend President. We may well  loavo his'character'/and his life-work  now to tbe impartial verdict of history. Perhaps bis1 character and  work, his life and death are best described in the words of your own  poet, speaking to mankind, when ho  said:  "So live that    when   the summons  comes.  Sustained and moved by an unfaltering trust,  Approach the grave,  Like one wlio wraps tbe drapery   of  his couch about him  And lies down    to pleasant  dreams."  Was there ever a man who In the  supreme hour of trial Was sustained  by a more unfaltering trust than  William McKinley? Was there ever a  man whoso death could bo more fitly described ns, in the folds of a  nation's love, a lying down to pleasant dreams? We leave his character  nnd career as a national statesman  with you.  But there is one phase which has  appealed to every citizen of Great  Britain and Canada, his lovo of  peace. During trying years his attitude, and tho attitude of this nation  under a fierce trial was' correct towards the people, of the British Empire. He did'not forget, as you havo  not forgotten, that during your recent years of trial, when you wore  drawn into a war,-for freedom nnd  civilization, the hearts and' voices  of the British people were one with  you. Then tlu��t tribute which.-.7ho  paid���and which the whole American people paid���to Queen Victoria  of blessed memory will never be forgotten bv us it is these iccollcc-  tions, added to the ties of kinship,  of language, and all the common  tiuditions of tbo English speaking  race that account for the cxlinoi-  dinniy tubules that have been paid  to Piesidcnt McKinley tbioiighout  the whole Bntish Empne Surelv  the ongin of these two peoples, our  kinship, and these events in the life  of your dead President Will unite*'to  form for these two gieat sister peoples a, golden archway of peace over  his->gia\e that will enduie for all  time Standing here as wc do today on sacred giound���strange paradox that it should be made sacred  by a foul ciime��� what is the duty of  the English speaking world���the duty  of Americans. and of Britons the  woild ovei'' It is to learn and unlearn the lessons of tho past mid of  the present, to vow in a spirit of  high resolvo that our national pathways shall lead to law and order,  to liboity without license, to purer  government and better social conditions, in a woid, to a higher ciiil-  izatibn. '  And should we not to-day, my  kinsmen of the United Slates, my  fellow countrymen of Canada, who  are heie. clasp hands, in this building of pathetic histoiic memoiy, and  resolve in- the spint of the good  Queen and the good President, who  havo pnssed away this year that we  shall, united as one people in love  and mutual respect, hold this vast  continent'of America, God's Inst and  gicatest earthly gift to man, as a  sacied tiust for the highest inteiests of humanity, and consecrate it  to perpetual pence.  When Mr. Pattullo^ took his scat  there was prolonged-applaiiso~^lur-  ing which a delegate in the audi-  enco rose and moved that the. thanks  of the meeting and of the American  peoplo bo tendered' . to the speaker,  and through him. to the whole Canadian nnd Brilish peoplo, for the  kind words which they had beard,  nnd for tho sympathy and fi icnd-  shlp "that had been shown tho American people in relation to' the death  of Piesidcnt McKinley Tho motion was responded to'with loud applause, nnd afterwards can ied by  standing voto.  The piorcodings were brought to  n close at 12 30 Theie weie a few  Canadians In the audience, ono of  Iho prominent ones being -Mr. A. F.  MacLarcn, M. I1., '.Stratford.  London's llltrll Mruets,  The-high streets uf London aro always worth study; and if you would  know how; a onco rural strout may  preserve its sleep amid circumambient modernity, just turn from Oxford stieet into Marjlebono High  street Or you may stnnd on Cnm-  boiwell Green and seo roaring tides  of humanity go this way and that,  but by some mlrucle leave Denmark  Hill to be a place of quiet breathing; where' the way-worn kerbs vand  ii eather-staincd oak palings wander  up a lovely hill, flanked with old  houses and silent lawns, whoso  cgdars imprison tho night���Academy;  DEEP SEA CURRENTS.  MYSTERIES OF   THE'   OCEAN   THAT  HAVE PUZZLED THE SCIENTISTS.  A Theory as to the Origin and Csiio  ot the Calf nnd Other Streams���Aro  They the Product ot Immense Submarine GeyaerH?  For more than a centiiry, scientists  aud philosophers huve been vainly trying to discover the origin and cause of  the mysterious current In the Atlantic  ocean called the gulf stream. Wbyso  called Is not apparent, as nothing la  the gulf of Mexico is In Its composition.  There hnve boon many theories, which  have been nbiuidoned, sonic perfectly  absurd, such ns Its being caused by tbo-  earth in Its revolution ou Its axis, for  If It had the power to draw this stream  at the rate of live miles an hour ftom  tlie const of Florida It woultldrnw all  the water from the east coasts of  North nnd South America at the same-  velocity. The prevailing theory Is that-  the northeast trade Winds drive a current into the Cnrlbbcnu sea and, aldetl  by. tbe feeble equatorial stream, heap-  up the water lu the gulf of Mexico,  thence rushing around the south of  Florida from the source of the gulf  streaui.i) But there Is no such a heaping of the waters In that gulf. The-  waters there arc sluggish, and there Is-  no perceptible current leading toward  the gulf stream or anywhere else.  This theory bus been accepted for  waut cf a better, but those who fa\ or  lt arc not entirely satisfied with it. The-  gulf stream Is an Independent body of  water, having no" connection'with; the-  watei* around or behind the point  where it emerges. It Is warmer ants  of a deeper blue than thi? surrounding  sens aud gushes forth from the starting point off Cape Sable at the rate of  from five to six knots an hour, wlttn  a temperature of about 00 degrees,  lessoning gradually as lt proceeds on  Its journey of thousands of miles across,  the Atlantic ocean, warming the western shores of Europe.  Having seen the fallacy of the the-  orica concerning the gulf .stream, we  will turn our attention to tbe great Pacific current, Identical In all respects  with Its sister -'current of the Atlantic  nnd concerning which there arc uo theories to contend with.  It starts' spontaneously.from a spot a  few miles from the south end of the  Island of Formosa, In the Banshee-  channel, following the coast' of (Formosa 'northeasterly,..past and throughi  the Loocboo Islands, .-skirting tbe coast  of Japan: thence turns eastward on its  loiig journey across the wide 'Pacific,  warming, tbe coast of America from  Puget sound to Mexico. Its dark blue  waters arc In striking contrast to tho  surrounding sens, gi.ing It the name oC  Muira Su.ir, or black water. It is aui  Independent .'stream where no combination of winds or currents cnu possibly  cause the mighty itn.li of win in bine-  water with a iclodtj of fiom live to.-  six knots an hour from the stmt.  In Its clinriRteiistlcs of heat, color  and direction It lcbembles the gulf  stream In every particular, and the-  orlgln of the; two-streams must be the  same, whatever they may be, which I-  sball endea\or to show later on. Tbera*  Is another..ocean,-current similar In' allf  respects to the other two. with the exception that It runs in an exactly opposite direction. Start ing from the vicinity of the south end of the Island ot  Madagascar, It runs southwesterly  around tbe Cape of Good Hope, where  it disappears off C.ipe Lngullus. As ai  current, probably nnrt of It Is dlvcrtedf  into a steady set of tbe eastern current,  caused by the pre.ailing westerly  winds In that region. No scientists, so  far as I am aware, have attempted to  account for this em-rent Having now  proved beyond relutatlon tbat all theories advanced iis'tb the cause of.-ocean  currents are gioumlless. It remains to  be proved what tlu* ti ue cause is.  It must be admitted tbat the currents  have a similar origin, as they are identical In every respect as regards color,  heat and velocity, springing foi tli In  the Bame manner spontaneously from  the earth In some mysterious way.  There Is uo place on the btirface of the  earth where the water can be heated  to furnish the hent contained In these  Btreams that gush forth from the  depths of the sea; consequently the"  forces must be subterranean and cai>  only be accounted for by large bodies,  of clear, blue water fiom the ocean,  forcing Its way Into the depths of the  earth under Its crust, where it burrows-  n_chBnnel_of_lts_oivn to the Surface  again, having ir-oolvod Its win ruth on '  tbe way by con nut with the Internal  heat of the lower reglousof the'earth,  forced on by~toutinual picssure from  behind. ,  Tbat there are orifices Id the earth's  crust cannot be denied, also what becomes of the vnst wiltiim1 of wnier.tliat  cannot be computed wlilch is,constantly running at the into of fiom four to.  six knots an hour from .Uie Atlantic  ocean, through the strait of Gibraltar  Into the Mcdiiciiiini'an sea. Tho numerous rlieis, too. are continually  flowing in. and jet the sea remains at  the same level IO.npnratlon cannot  account for It, .Fpr_wli.it' Is evaporated  Is formed into clouds and Is precipitated again Into the sen l)j) the medium of  storms and frequent rnltis.  Tbe water uihsi cuter the earth from  the ocean through these apertures on  an Incline as It gushes foi i h In tlieso  three mighty cm rents and cannot be  discovered by soundings: consequently  these three mighty currents are nothing more or less than Immense geysc-s.  ���Captain B. F Sherburne in Cleveland Marine Recoid. ,   .,,  m  > n  .Didn't Want It mt tbe Price.     *-  "I have'my opinion of you," earcas-'  tically remarked the 'lawyer:   "Well."  you can keep It." hotly retorted the  client. "The last one 1 had ot vou cost  ti�� fly* rlollnra "


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