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The Independent Feb 1, 1902

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Array 'jjtglsia.tiye-Ubt'y Mar. ajfll/  III  ' >\'tV   i  >-.V'  '  5  I  i  ilv  I)  h  1  i j  5  i  SAVING'S BANK  A   General   Banking   Business  Transacted.  OFFICES���Hustings   St.   XV.,  "Westminster Ave., Vancouver.'  D. C. PERMANENT LOAN AND  SAYINGS CO.  Authorize.! Capital   -   SW.fOO.OW  6ub-.trlljed Capital   -   ���    1,500.000  AvMilKOM-r     ....       u,u,uuu  B II".ul "'��<,��� 32] Canibiv Streit, Van.  couver, B. C.  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, 15. (\, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1902.  ,) li)  TUE CIVIC SOLONS.  KxocvtiiW Ald.-elect Skene, who was  In Uie audience, there was a full board  at Monday night's session of the city  council.  Among the long Hst of oomimunica.-  tkrns gunerallly of a. routine nature,  was one from the Tradeb and Labor  Council, DWrteotlng against givln-f away  or selling any of the False creek fluts,  1jut favoring the leaning of t&e same  to bona tide industrial enterprises.  Mayor Neelands���Well, as am application wiill oome up for these lands,  I will refer It to the-Railway committee. ^^^  Upon motion of Aid. McQueen and  Wylie, the petition of One letter-carriers to the postmaster-��cneral foe an  Siicren*e of salary was endorsed by the  council.  C B. Tisdall wrote asking tluit a  committee of three from tlie Masonic  order be heard In reference to the  cemetery-for the lodge. Referred to tiu  jboivnl of health.  A vrapos-ition from the ward foreran  to the effect tihat they should receive  tu* Increase of fifty cents a day in iheir  wages was  referred  to the boai-il  of  ' works.  1 A letter from Uhe Thomson Stationery company, suggesting that the council soiild buy $300 worth of new maps,  ���Which would cost the public $10 each.  flMJt ithe city only J7.50, was rfcrerred  to the finance committee.  ' Tbe finance committee's rep��rt wis  adopted. Regarding tflie Genuan band,  it stated that .the council 'had no power  to'prevent it playing on tiie streets, so  long as It was not a nuisance.  Aid. McQueen asked what was the  exa��t position of affairs regarding the  provincial government and "the city regal ding tlie False creek flats.  City Solicitor Hamersley roplied that  ail wet had been passed and all that  ii-ns now needed wis for the iieutenant-  'fiover.ior-'n-couneil to deed them over  to the city-   . .._,     .  The government had 'been comniuni-  . cated with some three months ago *on  the matter.  point nient of commissioners to manage  eortiil.i portions of city's business.  Aid. Wylie���This should stand as a  notice of motion.  Aid. Brown asked If this was to come  before this coming parliament. If it  was "you'll never get to the end of the  amendments, which cost money," said  Mr. Brown."- Sometimes you'll get whit  you want at Victoria and what you  don't wont, too. Let the amendments  stand over for a year. There will be  plenty more by tihat time to warrant  the trip to the government., "I'll move  that the city charter amendments  stand over,"   No seconder.  Aid. Bethune said'that his amendment alone would save 'the city over  $3,000 in aldermanic salaries.  Aid. Brawn���You're speaking for  ywuraelf.  Aid. Cook asked to let this stand over  till next Monday night.   Agreed.  A'ld. Wylie, Wilson and Foreman were  appointed supervisors over   the   coa  structlon of tlie library building and  to work, wltih the library board.  Om motion of Aid. Wood and Aid.  Mcdulgan the provincial government  wais requested 'to deed over Its portion  ot ttiiB False creek flats to the city.  eret hospital waa built on the advice of  the doctors.  Aid, MoGulgan said doctors were  never consulted.  The motion carried.  new  The  Aid.  McQueen ��� spotoe   about a  sidewalk near  the  court house,  .provincial government will be asked to  , build a cement wialk round the squar-s  on which the court house stands.  Li reply to Aid. Foreman, the oity  solicitor stated'that he had aslked the  ' attorney-general to take action regarding the street ends over the C. P. R.  tr.iok on Gamble, Abbott and Can-all  otreets. AU the facts had been laid  ���before him, and any. proceedings must  necessarily be taken in ble rotmc. If  an* answer was; received shortly, Mr.  Hamersley suggested that some steps  be taken.  Aid. McQueen moved, seconded by  Aid. Cook, Hint a cheque be drawn for  JKJ.OOB,  in  favor of'the C.   P.  It-,   as  ' trayment of t'he Caimble street grounds  and   the  Falrview hospital site.   Car  '-ried.  Tlie notice of meeting of those dl  mwtly Interested in dyking affairs sent  out by Reeve Atkins of Coqultlnm wis  taken up.  1 iUd. McQueen'suggested ttiat as the  city cleric was going'to attend, that  ���lie represent-the city's Interests-ln-the.  257 acres owned by it In that municipality.  Aid. Brown���The city engineer should  be sent. He knows all albout dykes nnd  fo more responsible.  Aid. McQueen���The city 'solicitor  would be better than the city engineer, ns agreements might come up.  .Tlie Majror���The flrst meeting would  only be preliminary. .,  AW. Brown���The council should let  Ihem see that lt Is tailing im Interest  In the affair.  Tire city elenk stated that the city  BUnnds to lose W.0O0. The tax wu* 11  an acre for 40 yenrs, and the meet In;*  ���Vt-attkl consider the government'*- ��>:-  tlon In the matter.  Tlhe city solicitor was named.  Aid. Wood moved, seconded by AM.  ���Wylie, that the government be asked  to open up Its portion of street lying  (beyond Sixteenth 'avenue. Mount Pleasant.   CaJrrled.  Aid. McG-uigan moved, and Aid. Wilson seconded, a motion asking the legislature to pass an act enconporatlng  the proposed new hospital boaod.  Aid. Brown���Is. this just asking the  govenument or is it an amendment���  The Mayor���It Is just taking the  management of the hospital out'Of the  hands of tlie city. '       ;.  Aid. Brown did not agree with this  move. This was" the youngest city In  tlie Dominion, arid such a scheme  Should have a great deal more thought  than It had received. What was the  success of the hospital at Victoria? It  had to aipply to the government for  aid. You can't expect men to give  money to^the hospital, for there were  no wealthy men here. This was going  the wrong way about improving hospital affairs. They should be put In  better shape, that is,, they might. "I  would like to see the subscription paper^" so'that 1 can see where the money  is coming from," said the doughty representative of ward IV. You'll get  the city. Into trouble if you are' not  more careful. It's nice for doctors to  send their patients to the hcjpltal for  treatment at the city's expense, but  lt v_s another matter .providing the  money. ��� What are you going to do with  the present hospital? NThe city vflU be  acfloed to contribute to bhe new hospital just the same. Glasgow and Hamilton found very great difficulties in'  running their hospitals on tbe plan  here proposed, and the some thing  would happen here.  Aid. MoGulgan favored the views of  Aid. Brown. But wo .were carried away  with public opinion. * Citizens had been  studying ithe matter and had chrystal-  l'ized their views into the resolution.  The amount expected . from the city  would be $8,000 ' annually. Provincial  government would be expected to make  the same grant. The building of the  hospital was another serious question,  and the city would be exipected to pay  the lion's share towards the construction. The proposal wis for ithe city to  hand over the grounds to sell, but it  would be \-ery difficult to get a buyer.  It had been also suggested to turn, the  present hospital building Into a Jail.  This would save the building of a new  Jail. There were a great many more  BUggeetions-ti. be_consldered_ and, of -_  fered.  'Aid. McQueen said that the present  hospital building wns more like tihe  catacombs than a hospital. The people  have had before ithem the city hospital  site. It was brought up during the  campaign and ilt was decided to place  ithe control of the hospital under .a  board of directors, the same a�� wus  followed in other cities. So far ns 'the  money wns concerned. It did not matter .what basis it was put on,' tlie city  must pay for It, The hospital was Increasing all the time iin expense. A  large number of stoves were manted  In the hospital; the operating room  stove was out of order. Probably it  new furnace would be required, 'llie  ���people are determined to have a  c'- Mige, and voted money to pui-uh-ane  th.- Falrview site. No doubt the city  would be required to make a grant each  and' every year.  AM. Bethune said the sooner the city-  got a new hospital the better. Outside  assistance would never be obtained until a new board was created.  Aid. Bethune said he would allow hi'  amendment to the charter regarding  the doing away with salaries of aldermen to lay over until a full council  board. This would cause no delay, as  the city solicitor said that the maohine  Is now in motloln for amending th2  charter, ft u  The water frontage bylaw was re id  a first time.  The curfew by-law was brought up  and at request of Aid. Wood was held  over till next Monday.  A by-law waa passed Using nomination day in ward I for alderman, February 6th, and eteotloin ISth. Robt.  Parfloea was appointed deputy returning  officer.  Adjourned. -  Noved by.AM. Cock,. seconded    by  Aid. Bethune, thait a; committee be,appointed to draw op amendments to thej'. -Aid. Brown didn't understand where  ��lty charter, especially no to the ap-# the money was coming from. The pres-  VAINOOUVER GENERAL HOS-  KDTAL.  The preaimible to the proposed "act to  incorporate the Vancouver general hospital" states that It ls considered in  the interests of the city that the accommodation of the hospital should be  enlarged and extended and possibly a  new and more extensive hospital erected. And >by reason of the increase of  the number of patients, and the probable large increase of business necessary to be transacted in connection  with the hospitals of the city, It Is considered that lt would be advisable that  bhe affairs and management of the city  hospitals should be controlled and  managed by a board of governors elected or nominated under an act, specially Incorporating a body for that purpose, and defining the powers of such  board.  'The Incorporators o�� the new board  are: Thomas IF. Neelands, Campbell  Sweeny, David H. Harrison, M. D., Ed-  word Cook, Thomas Duke, James McNalr,- Daniel Donaldson, John T. Carroll, M. D., Simon Jolin 'Tunstall, M". D.,  Williams Fenwiok Salsbury, Jonathan  Miller, Benjamin T. Rogers, Frederick  F. Bums, Henry De Ponder, William  Skene, and "such other persons as miy  from time to time become members of  said corporation, which shall have perpetual (succession anu <o. luhuhm. a^il,  und shall .possess and enjoy all the  general 'powers..Incident to a corporation.  The board may dispose of the hospital 'property whenever at may beco.ae  necessary or expedient to do so^ Tne  board of directors is composed of 35  persons, 12 of whom shall be elected by  thfi^ members in accordance with the  by-laws, one by the city council and  one by the medical board of the hospital. The first board comprise the  names' in the preceding paragraph.  All annual subscribers whose names  appear in a register shall be members  of sadd corporation. Any person subscribing $100 shall become a life member, and entitled to all the privileges  of an annual subscriber. The flrst  meeting will be on-July 15th, 1902. Subsequent annual meetings will 'be held  on tha first Wednesday In February In  eaoh year.  This public act also authorizes  the city council and otlier municipal  and town councils of the province :o  grant public aid to the Vancouver general ho&pltal in suoh amounts as they  may front tlm��- to time determine.  Mil AUSTRALIAN  MMHDH WAGE LAW.  (Continued from last issue.)  Following has been compiled from  the New Zealand Labor Gazette:  A short amending act was passed late  ln the year for the purpose of meeting  a difficulty which had arisen in connection with the special board to be  appointed to flx the price for malking  furniture. It was found .that ithe Chi  neae could have elected the' whole or  a lainge majority of the representatives  on such boards, and .parliament then  deqided ithait In the case of furniture  tihe board Should be appointed by the  goventar-tn-councll. No person was to  be employed in a factory or workroom  unless in receipt of a weekly wage  equal to 60 cents a day. Inspectors  were given the power .to prosecute the  occupier of a tfaotory or workroom in  an unsanitary condition. The ohlef inspector of factories was given power to  condemn any (factory or workroom  which was, in his opinion, dilapidated,  unsafe, unfit for use, eitc., and within  two imonths of the date of the notice  the occupier was required to obtain  the local council's written consent to  the con.tiT.ued use of suoh premises as  a factory. No portion of a factory or  woi-kroom could he mseid as a sleeping  place unless such sleeping place was  seperated from the factory or workroom by a substantial wooden partition extending fromi floor to ceiling.  No female whosoever, and no boy under 16 years of age, could be employed  in a factory for more than 10 hours in  any day or after 9 o'clock at night.  'Puis provision is In addition to the  act of 1SS3, which provides only that  such persons could not be employed  for more than forty-eis'ht hours in any  week. On ten days in any calendar  year '  Overtime Might  be  Worked  ta ihe  extent  of  six hours   if notice  within twenty-four hours wns presented lo the ohlef Inspector and overtime  and tea money paid.   In any factory  FROM YALE.  'ATrousing'meetlng"was^held-. n~ Che  B. R. T. of A. hall at Yale on Saturday, 25th inst. Bro. Lennon, president;  Bro. Nichols, tvice-presldent; Bro.  Davenport, secretary and treasurer;  Bro. Kelley, conductor; Bro. Cody, lecturer; Bro. Hamerton, inner sentinel;  Bio. Castle, outer sentinel. The lodge  was called to order at 7.30 ip. m��� wllh  26 members present. During the evening seven new members were made  brothers ofthe order, and a very enjoyable evening was spent Lodge closed In diie form oit 11.35 p. m. to meet  again at an early date.  FROM SPUZZUM.'  A tine buiby girl arrived to gladden  the hearts of Mr. and Mn>. W. 10. Potter on Wednesday rpornlng, Jan '.Kith.  Under the good care of Miss Wllkcr-  son and Dr. Underhlll Mrs. Potter and  her wee balm are progressing nicely.  Congratulations to the proud parent?.  May bneir nevr daughter grow to womanhood and be 'a loving blessing'' to  them, and do justice to her mother,  faither, God and coqntry.  Advertise In The Independent.  was allowed to work before 7.30 ln the  morning, or after 5 o'clock in the evening, or on Saturday after 2 o'clock, or  on Sunday at any time whatever; and  the sarnie hours apply to any laundry in  which a Chinese person Is working.  Provision was made for 'the stamping  ci all furniture made dm Victoria with  luie makers' naime and address, and  whether made by Chinese or European  labor. All persons In, charge of boil-  el's and steaim engine* .must henceforth  hold certificates of competency. Im-  poitant as unany of these changes will  at once seem to the student of factoi y  laws, none of them vie in interest with  th erennarkable experiment of appointing boards to iflx wages. The first batch  of-these novel bodies was six in number. They were constituted and went  io worik early in 1897. Five of the six  were elected, aind the sixth was nominated by the governor-in-councll.  Each consisted of ten memibers, ��� five  for the employers and five for the  workpeople, and of a chairman, presumably impartial. The six trades to  be regulated were: Balking, men's and  boys' clothing, bootmaklng, eflilrt making, underclothing and furniture  trades.    The  ���Functions of These Boards  were to fix wages paid to time workers, and If .possible the nates of piece-  work;-also-to-regulate-the-proportion-  ate number of apprentices and Improvers. This duty they all endeavored to  discharge,'-with, as might be expected,  unequal success, especially in their  Instance, met with little'trouble. They  had the good fortune to secure as  chairman Judge Slr'llartley Williams.  As no piecework was^done amongst the  bakers they wiere saved from a common cause of complication. By raising  the pay of the men to one shilling an  hour, and llxlng the apprentices' minimum at illve shilling a week, they gave  an Immediate Increase of 2fl p?r cent,  to the adults 'In their trade. Country  bakeries were nont affected by thelt determination. Nevertheless, the average  weakly wage paid to imen nnd boys  In the trade throughout the colony was  rmlsed from Cl Vis. ad. for the year  1893 to ��2 ls. Cd. for 1S!��S. and to  ��2 ls. lOd. for 1��99. In other words,  die average gain for every worker was  !>a. Gd. a week, though ithe gain to the  men-wns, of course, more,- nnd to the  boys less thnn the aierage. As' the  law also limited the ���working hours, to  fonty-elght weekly, the fortunate bakers' got much more .pay for much less  work. Yet very little friction seems to  liave been caused by the change, which  In 'practice was neither ruinous to employers nor inconvenient to the public.  With Uie  Clothing Trade Board  matters did not mn so smoothly. So  minute and elaborate was Its determination that It took nine months to  draw lt up, and Its details filled thirty-  five pages of closely printed foolscao.  The minimum wage for men was fixed  at 7s. 6d. a day; that of women at ��1  a- week. - To earn this a workwoman  had to be skilled, I. e., must have served iflve years at her trade. An exhaustive schedule of piece .iates was also  issued. They weie fixed so as to be u  llttlo higher than the time rates, in  order that the home-worlkers might  have something to meat the cost of  sending work to and from the factory,  firing and 'other small charges. This  benevolent effort to help the home-  woiikera was promptly check-mated by  the employers, who, finding they could  get work done cheaper in the factories,  ceased to filve dt) to home-workers. The  more fortunate of the home-workers  were taiken on as factory hands at the  new rate. The rest lost their work altogether, while the board had been digesting its determination, the employ-j  ers had had nine months in which lo  accumulate heavy stocks made at the  old rates of pay. This: they had dole  without remorse or ruth, and a cor-  lesponding time of slackness followed  the proclamation of the new rates, the  blame of which was, of course, laid on  the Increased scale of wages. The  board, too, htid limited the number  ocf apprentices and improvers; the proportion was not to exceed one apprentice to every three tuiloresse's, and they  were to get 2s. fid. in their first year,  rising annually to 15s. in thcir fifth  year. A sharp 'reduction In the number employed was the not unnatural  result. The employers complained they  were not allloued to haive enough of  them to fill vacancies amongst the  adults. In 1S39.'however, it was shown  thait the employers were not employing  as many apprentices as the act permitted. Of course, their leal objection  was to the     . '   >       .  New Scale of Pay. "  The clothing board, however, stuck 'o  Its determination, and gradually t'i.  disturbance settled down. More people  entered the factories, ithe numiber o:  hands in the trade, which fell In 1S98,  mone than regained the" lost, ground in  the nexit year, and by the end of 1S99  there was not imuoh grumbling, exce.pi.  at the scarcity of apprentices. The  average irate of remuneration had increased, in the case of men and boys,  f.om ��1 15s. Sd. a week to .Cl 19s. 5d.  Amongst ithe women and girls it had  gone imp 'from Ks. 5d. to ISs. 6d. Like  the olothing board, the bootmakers'  board made a had start. It had, too,  ai troublesome trade to deal with. The  whole of 1S96 was passed by the board  ln_ trying to flx a minimum which  would not be bitterly objected to either  by masters or imen. Its .first proposal  was so strongly protested against by  the masters that it was withdrawn. A  loweied minimum met 'the same fate  at the 'tends of 'the men. A compromise pleased neither side, and left the  piece rate so much higher than the time  rate ithat the story told in the case of  the clothing determination may 6itand  for the effect of that In bootmaklng.  The average increase in waiges to hands  of all ages employed In the trade wan  in 1889, 4s. 8d. a head. The gain to  adults~was~greater.���"-^ ������   BLAHSJIIIIIS' M.  The Vancouver Blacksmith's union  ls progressing by leaps nnd bounds, und  the good work It has accomplished  since Its Institution In fully appreciated  by Uie members. Blacksmlthing Is 'he  premier trade; In fact, It has more  power In the realm of labor than any  other calling, and it is ln keeping with  the profession tho.t It should leaden  every good movement for the amellora- ���  lion of the working man. The blacksmiths very seldom have to go on  strike, as their appeals are generally  always reasonable, and therefore demand respectful and Immediate consideration. It will be remeinlbered how  successful they were In their agreement!  with -the Canadian Pacific Railway  Oompany a few months ago. The Union  and this great Company are ln perfect  honmony, and there is every reason to  believe that such a happy state of affairs will continue.  One very pleasing feature ln tbe  work���the meetings are largely attended and tho finances are kept in a  healthy condition. There Is a good  sum of money ln the treasury, and it  mipht be said that the Union has been  very generous in giving donations to  help along the good work.  It was pleasing to hear the secretary  read a complimentary communication  from Union 168,1. B. of B., San Fransls-  co, in regard to the help that had been  given those brave fellows in their noble  struggle for emancipation from-tyranny. If every good unionist would realise the fact that his own prosperity is  largely due to the condition of his  brother, he would not be slow to appreciate trades-unionism and re-double his  efforts on its behalf. It is a good investment to help those who need our  help, and especially a sister union, as  we may yet eat of the fruit that is being cored by others,  Some time ago deputations were seat A  of several of our aldermen in respect  to the employment of-members of-the  Blacksmiths' Union by the city, but  up to the present no change has ta'cen  place. When the last appointment  was made, a member put in an applied ',  tion, but it was passed over. The ap-,  pllcant was a. first-class man, has beea_ ,  ln the city for years, and was bac&edi  up by the union, which Institution^ ls  almost entirely composed of men who  have paid'hundreds of dollars into the  city treasury. It is strange ��� that this  appointment was known by the union,  for no notice of its vacancy appeared ln  any of the city papers. It is also worthy of notice ithat a deputation from  the union waited on one of these ,Vor-  ii   .  thies who looks after the .waterworks  smithing department, with the object  -  of his joining the union, but as long as   _  this  fellow   is    comfortably    drawing 'J-  grist from the city mill to the amount  of three dollars a day, there are small,'  hopes of his, or tlie other fellows' con->  version to union principles.    What the  opinion of the aldermen on this matter1  is is  unknown,  but one should  thinK  that their sympathies would be with  union labor, and that at an early date  they will look irito this grievance and  have.lt redressed.     We shall see!  ,     OCCASIONAL CONTRIBUTOR.  (To be continued.)  WATER RATES.  For the 'benefit of a large section -if  our .readers we reproduce a copy of thr  notice posted by order of the civic water coommlttee at the wldket of the  water works oflice:  ���"The council has Instructed that Ir  future the notices for quarterly rat"S  shall be discontinued.  "A notice will be Inserted In the  dnlly papers for two week" prevlolus  ,to the rates becoming due."  OFFICERS KL.DCTIDD.  At the last regular meeting the Mainland Steiumshipiuen's union elected oflicers for .the year as follows: Pust  president. F. Hun Is; piesidcnt, C. H.  Thompson; (first vice-president, G. J.  Smith; second vice-president, J. Hen-  nessy; patrolman. R. SpnUord; treasurer, ��. Tofts; warden, R. Mcsto; conductor, J. Donoghue; secretary, G. Noo-  nan; imaster-nt-arms, A. Booth.    This  FROM HARRISON RIVER.  ���Harrison being developed In snow,  ,the mill has been itemporartly closed'  down. Skaters are also handicapped.  ..Mr. Anmltago and Mrss Woodward are the prize skaters of this placer-  ....Mr. O. Smlrl has quqltcie recovered from his scare' by the bear he encountered not long since. His companions s.iy that he can out-run any  ono  In    the    country The  shingle  mil Is progressing nicely. Mr. Horry  Arm liege, of Minnedosa, has relumed  to this place and resumed Ills former  place as   shipping    clerk Mr. Gib*  son says he w 111 get even with McGiv-  eron     some     .way Mr.      Meldrum  gave HarrlfOn a cull Monday, ruport- '  ing the dyke building in the Chllliwuolt  ���vnilley clotod down for'the present   The Harrison Oliver Mills, Timber and  Trading Company ls making prepare  tlons for a new vsldetrnok for the new  lumber Bhedn, whlcih will ibe a mailked  Improvement Mr.      Arthur      You*  mans has arranged with the mill company to have lumber delivered on the  Fraser above here at his place for a  new dwelling. He believes ln getting  the case before the bird.  John T.  Wilson.   President    of   tho  Itrotlierhood of Railway Trackmen; of  organisation la In a flourishing condl-'St. Louis, will address a meeting   on  tlon. .  ' I Jlomlay night in Union Hall.  I,  i  . '.  . r "j. ���"&-,  "i    i'.V-V'  ���vf;> Jy  >j/.'i   ��� j    '  -'-'   >rb.'V'Ti'.V  i- ' . , ������-. ;  ' '-v '--,*,.   >>. '   \  ��� r  '       ' ..It-    '-     \ ..   -^   *  .  v '. "______. FOR THE FfRST TIME  REASONS WHY MEN MAKE SO   MANY  MISTAKES IN LIFE'S JOURNEY.  REV.  DR.  lALMMSE'S SERMON  la VV.ilLin;: llu* . urllily rll^i iiiiu_t., lieu  An 11 nt linj Ni u l'llh-., 1 ,,r lliti  ���Ml no >, ( 1'ur^ut il 1 hi-, VI .iy ISoforo"  ��� llu-> .Should, llii-icfuiv, I'olluw llie  lliiini)   1 t-udiii�����lt Vluy Uu   the    Onlj  0|l|>���| tllllll}  3_n1e ui uionliti^ioArt of P.irlliimentof f*.m-  iiili, in llii- \ i ir I'M . by Wnlum It uli, of To  ruuio, at tbu Dop'u of ���AKriinlliirc, OlUiwa.  Washington, Dec lo ���This dis-  couisc is u most unusual picsciit.i-  tion of things thu take place in  many lives, and lh. T.tlm.ige pleads  for inoiuiul intoi pi elation ol human behiiMin 'llie test n, .losliu.i  in, -1, "\u have not passed this way  licietoioie "  In I'lce.nhei, 1SS0, 1 wiulud Uie  ri\ei Joidan, and, although the cm -  rent was ,ti<>ng, L was able to be.n  up against it, but in Uli' tune ol  spnng lieshel, when the Minus on  Mount Lebanon melt, not lung hut a.  am.iclc would enable jnv one to  cross the inei It was at iho dttn-  geious spniigtniie that Joshua and  the ollu.fi s oi Ins .uni\ utUicd the  xvoitls of mj te.vt to the pco|>le who  Woic in a lew houis to cioss, the  Joidati About that cio-.sing uc  s.ij but little, because on a pic-  Mous occision we discoiiisul concerning that piling up oi the w.itcis  'into <.ijst.il haiiic.ide. We only  speak) of the match to tin' bunk of  the u\or Xo su .mgei thing ha-s  ever ocliiukI in all hi'loij  'I he ai It of the covenant was        a  brilliant chest ol .icaei.i wood   over-  laid with gold    on  the top of which  wen1 two  WMi-.od Itguii     l.uiiig euh  oilier      lt    was    me led    long and  three feet wide       1'oles  weie  tin list  thiouqh the l mgs at the sine, and liy  these poles  the  ,uK w.is  lifted    'Plus  splendid box w.is to be cm led tluce-  qiiirteis of a mile ahead of the hosts  ot lsi vel on ihe w.iv   to the ciossing  'lhat distance between the l)o\     and  the    advancing     thousands unit lie  Svcpt     because   ot icv,ioiico       'llicio  wis     a,    sanctity  in  Ui.it       divine  t>ymbol  that the,   must   obsei\e     bv  keeping off tlnec-qiuMlc's of a   mile  aw.vy      They must twitch  that glit-  tcnng     bo\  .uul      nlluw    olheiuisc  they  would   lo'c  their  \\a>   nnd   not  arrive  at  tho  light  pl.ice  foi   ciossing       'l he}   had nevei  been theie befoie   and tliov must be guided     Foi  that.       ic.ison     .loshua uitcis  woids of my  lev,.,     Ye have  passed   this   wav   hciolofoie"  the suboiilinate ofiiteis nt the  ���of      <he lcgiricnls  lopeatcd   it,  the  not  And  head  "Yo  have not passed tins way liciclo-  toforo "  lVh.it was tii'tlifullv said of tiie  ���uncient Isiaelilts mav be tiulhfullv  said of us Wc .lie making om hist  and last louiney thiuugh this woild  It is possible, is -some oi iny good  ���friends bcl.ee, lli.it this wot Id will  be con eel ed and impio\ed nud punned und floi.ili/cd and einpai.idiscd  ns to cliuKitc and soil and cli.n.ictei  until it shall beconu a Iiciivlh foi  ���the ransomed, but T do not think it  I have an idea that heaven is already Imilt somow hi i c Om departed fiicnds could not wait until  this woild is Iivil up foi saintly .ii'd  ongelic lcsidencc Having once  50110. out of the woild, I do not  ���think wo will conic back, except ni  ministoiing spniis to help those who  xc.ni.un 111 Uie c.uthlv stiuggle or  perhaps to look at the wondious  spectacle ot a burning planet  Bui, leaving that theoij aside, wc  are very sine that wc aie foi the  first time walking the e.itthlv pilgrimage "Yc have not passed this  wny befoie " Kveiv minute is a  new minute. eveiy houi a new hour,  eveiv centuiy a new centuiv Othei  folks have gone ovei the same road  ���wc .nu tia\cluig, hut it is 0111 fust  trip. Nov, appealanccs m.w temptations, now bullous, new jo\s  That is the ic.ibon so many lose  their waj- '1 hev meet some one on  the road of life and nsk lor dn fiction, and wiong dueclion is given  Wo have all been pciple\ed hy nns-  ���diiection aftei asking the w.ij to  some place we wished to visit Sonic  onu said to us, ' Take the lust load  to the light and, having gone a  mile on that load, take the first  road on the left and -,ou will soon  roach vom destination " Wc took  the advice, but 0111 infoiiiiei foi got  a turn in the load or fotgot one  of the londs leading to tliu left, and  -we took the wiong road and weie  lost in the woods, and night came  , on, nnd we were put to gieat nrita-  ~Ltioir~arTd~U-oublc -^   The fact is, I blame no one foi  making lifetime mistukes I pitv  them instead of blaming them Theie  axe so many wrong loads, but onlv  one right one You cannot 111 midlife draw upon jour youthful e.v-  perimcnts for wisdom, foi midlife is  so cntnclv d.lTorciit from youth.  You cannot 111 old age draw upon  midlife exponent es, foi the two  stages of PNisU'iiec nie so divciso  What is wisdom for one man to do  would be folly for nnothei to uiidei-  take A mun of nei\c and pluck  is not qunlilicd to advise a mun  'timid and slu inking An ucinove-  ment that would be easy foi vou  might he impossible for me llum11.11  advice is oidinanly of little value.  People 11 view ilii'ir own suciesses.ir  failures and then tell us what ii best  for us to do, not icnll/lng that, our  circunistnnces tne difTeient, our tcm-  ���pertnuent is diffcient, our iihybical  iand mental and 11101.1l capacities  ���dinciciit Most of tlio gieat mistakes lhat have been made have been  made under human advisement  So, also, it may bo said to every  ration "Yo have not passed this  ���way befoie " Our own republic  is going through novel experiences  Could wisest statesman twenty years  ago have prophesied present conditions? Every president, every congress, has new crises to meet and  mew questions to settle. So prophecies mado about conditions in  ���this country fifty years from now  ���may turn out aa tax untrue as   the  propnencs made lifLj. vcais a'.o by  tin. gic.itcst lit \iiiu 11. iu si.uisircn  when in. declined on joiulei cap'tol  lull that 11 was unwise to think  01 en ili/atnm 01 piiispuiiv tneolh-  u side 01 iho liniAv moiitil.,nis and  nccoidnie, to Ins bcliel thu r.icihc  10 ist \, mild he the pel pulu.il abode  01 bat ha laus at.d mountain lions,  und in must not think 01 annexing  those   loiliidding  ugions  Yea, 11111 entile woild is on n  now patliwnv. It may be swinging  111 the same old nihil ns when by  tlie hand of the Almighty lminosity  was siiiinklcd with u 01 Ids, but it  has been locked with cal lhqu.il.es  and smithed with volninit lues and  whi'lined with tidal waves and  vi 1 ought upon by climatic ihnugcs ���  titles sunk, and islands lilted, and  mountains nvulnnched into vnlliws.  So it is nnotliei woild than that  wliuli was inst st.ntcd ill the solni  sjstem Yet it Is all tlie time  changing and will keep changing mini the Iioji of its demolition. Of  this beautiful woild, this luslioiis  woild, this gloiious woild it mav  lie said, ' Yc huve not passed this  way   befoie."  What is tlie pinrtical use of tins  sl.biei f       Instead   of   putting s0  inuili sliess upon liinnnn advice and  instead 01 asking of the past what  we ought to do follow the divn ,���  leading as the men of Joshua followed the golden lidded chest of acn-  11,1 wlin.li was ihe svmbol of the divine picscnce Not human, bat divine leadeiship, Joshua not consul ling with his colonels and lieutenants, but consulting with Clod ���  the I.oil of individuals, the God of  nations   the Clod of woilds  That  Uncc-qiiiu leis  of  n   mile distance between the ink 01  satiedbox  and   the     nont   column  of  Joshua's  tioops    miglitilj    lmpi esses nie     lt  was a .otcelui \uv of leaihing      le-  vcicncefoi  the Aliiiig'uj    'llicy needed to   lent 11 that lesson  of  levciento  as wc all  need   to   leu in it   lnevei-  cnte has cuiscd all nations   and none  moie than oui   own      Jiievoicncc in  the use of t!oil's name      Heat     vou  it not on thu stieets and     in    social  gioiips,  nnd   is  not   a  piofane    void  sometimes    thini,;hi  l.ocisseiy       io  point jotosil\ >     liicvci cute for   the  Stnptuies,   the   1 liiusoologj   of     the  iiible often inimthuttl into the most  fnvolous  tonveisaliou     and      made  inn Hi   piovok'iu       liieveicnte     fot  the oath 111 torn 1100m 01        custom  house in   legislative hall bv the conventional   and   nicihiinital   mode     o!  its adiiiinistiation.      liievciencc foi  tho holv Sabliath by the 11,11  it    is  bioken   in  pleastno  extuision        and  caious.il     liieveicnte   on   tho   pait  oi   clnldien   foi    then    patents,   insolence being substituted foi  obedience  Ineve'oiiLo foi  nileit, which induces  vile cai toons nnd assassination     liieveicnte   111   chinch   dining   piaym,  mcasuiing ofl song and senium     bv  loid,    aitistic or litciaiy ciitu-isni,  and    in  piajei   tunc ncitlici   bowing  the head 1101  bending the knee    nor  standing as one docs in the picsonte  ot  an    eaithlv   niltr,   thus  showing  111010 lcspcet loi  11 man than to tho  King  of  Kings.      We  nsk   not        foi  genuflexions     01     en uimflcxions    01  piostiations, but when prajei   is of-  feieil let us cithci  bow the head    or  bend the  kntc or let us 111 some wav  piove that wi; aie not lndilTotent    In  how   many   places  hnve  piesumption  and foolhatdnioss   taken   the      place  of levelence'     'lhat tlirec-qunitcis of  a mile  between  the chest 01    acatia  coveted with gold and mounted wnh  wings��� a Sjinbol  of the divine picscnce���and the 111.11 clung icgitnenls of  Joshua suggest a lcvcience   that is  woefullv   lacking 111  social   life        in  legislative hull   and  leltgious assemblage      A fm met went to the wheat-  held    taking Ins son v\ 1i.l1 him     The  child   said,   "These stalks  thit stand  stiaight up must hnve the best giain  Those stalks  that  bend  ovei   cannot  be vvoith  anvllnng"      Then   the  [a-  thci  lnoke oil two of the tops of the  stalks and  said.   "Child,   that      one  that    bends     clear      ovei   has    tlie  ifi.im "     It is the soul that    bows  in  deepest   lcvctenee  which   is       1 he-  best soul  But though Joshua's host obsetv-  ed the thi ce-qn.ii lei s of a i.nlc  command, tlicv followed the nil;,nud  vou will do wed to follow the divine loading, as the path vou tiead  now has not yot been tioddcn "Ye  have not passed this wav before "  Mam of you aie surfenng ficin just  suili annojanc.es as have not occiii-  icd in nil \ou luslotv Thciehnvo  been meannesses piact'ised upon vou  or jou have icectved slights 01 vou  nie the subject of misinteinictations  or you nie in the midst of scic disappointments or tl.cie aie demands  made upon vom stiength and time  11101 c than jou can meet 01 some  physical ailment is laying siege to  youi castle of health or vou are under einbairnssmetits that vou cannot  incntion_even to ncniest Mends Y'ou  say "Well, 1 never saw "anything  like this I ncvci expected such  treatment as this I never thought  it possible to be placed 111 suth  entinnstances " And whcn/^-v^iT  say all that you arc oulv/tirjis-  lnting the woids of the tc-ct/f into your own plnascologv Jf jjou  hud suffcied something like tins befoie, you would have known what  lo do, but heie is a flank movement  for winch you  nie not icady.  As you hnve had no experience of  tills kind upon which to duuv foi  wisdom and ns vou cannot fullv  stale all the ciicuinstnnees to nnv  I111111n.il ear, go lo God and tell lilm  nil nbout it He knows already,but  it will iclieve you nnd help you If  vou tell lilm. That is what he hns  been doing ever since the woild got  into ttoublc b.v disobedient behavior  on the banks of the Kuplnalcs. It  in the lust chapter o( the Bible we  see tho gate through which the woes  of the woild entcicd, in the thud  chapter of tho Bible wc see the  opening of the gale thiough which  thev aie to bo dnven out Pi onuses  by the scores and hundieds and thousands. Sacrifictul lambs foretelling  the Lamb of God Rock stneken  into gushing floods, typical of the  fact that the woild's tlnist is going  to bo slaked. rillar of flic hoisted  above wilderness march Star of  hope over biithplace in a bnrn  Sepulchers rent open. Tiumpels of  dclivciunce sounded All heaven to  take part in the icscue of oui  plan  et The I'-'i nn God listening wu'  ,111 i.ii in wlik'i a wlnspei lc (. t'  ���1'iles awaj is as audible as th.-tide 1  We talk abo'it ihe gieat discoven s  01 the a^c the ilecuic powei, t'ic  ste.i, 1 powei, the telescopic and unci osiopn [lowel, but do not sa\ anv-  ihing about the discoveries we all  mnke vc.ii bv vou and day by dnv.  Hume nn smpii-cs all the time It  is a new mad we ate tiaveluig "Ye  have nnl passi 0 this wav befoie"  Hut elo-ely allied is the othet    fact  whicli we hinted at 111 the opining ���  that     wo    will    not puss  this    wnv,  again     'litis is out  onlj   oppoi tiiintv  foi  doing eeilutu things  that    ought  lo be done     On all sides there    aio  gnofs that we ought to solace, liun-  gel   we ought lo feed, cold that    wo  ought to wm in. kind woids that wo  ought to speak, geneious deeds that  we ought tu pei fm in     All that    you  and   1   do tow.nd  making this woild  better aud happier wu must do voty  soon or never do at all    Joshua and  his Hoops nevei  came back over tho  waj- thej   weie intuthiiig towuid  Iho  missing of the .Ionian     'llie nnpicts  of the sandal 01  the bniu feel of each  soldier showed 111 what ilnetlion    ho  was going, but nevei did the impress  of the     sandal    of nnv one of tliem  show that he hnd letuiticd      We arc  all facing eternity lo come    Thcic is  no  icticnt      Alcitucss  and      Itdclily  would not, bo so inipoiUint      if     wo  could tiuthfully say.  "1 will bo back  heie again     The  things  1      neglect  now 1 will do the next time I   lome  1 will bo 1 omen mated, and 1 will ic-  suiue mj- eattlilj   obligations      Having then mot 0 know ledge than 1 have  no.v, 1 will dischaigc my eaithlv duties bettci   than I   inn now   disehatgo  them      I do not give solemn fa lew ell  to   these  obligations  and  opportunities, but a smiling nnd theeij  good-  bve until  I see them again."     No  we cannot snj' that     Theie will    bo  no new  nnd collected edition of tho  volume    of e.nthl}   life     Aitei      wo  make exit from the slage at the close  of the lifth act we cannot     10-cnter  How many millions of people     havo  lived and died 1 know not, but of all  the human line who have gone onlv  seven poisons that I  now think     of  liave lotinned, tho son of the widow  of Ziuephath,    the    voting    man    of  Nam.   the inlet's daughter, Tabitha,  Kutvehus,      hi/aius     and       C'lnist,  Among all  tho ages to  come 1      do  not suppose theie will  bo one moio  who will letuin to this life,   having  once left it  At this point I ask you to notice  the fact that my text does not call  attention to the ciossing of the Joidan, but to the wav leading tliuicto  Vie ail think nuic'i of oui 1 tossing of  tlie Joidun when the 111.11 th of out  life is ended, but put too little emphasis on the way that leads to the  ciossing What    jou and 1     need  most to cine about is the iliieetion  of Ihe road we aie ti.ivelmg Wc  need have"no fcai of the ciossing if  we come to it in the light waj In  other woids, wo need not caie about  deiilh if our life lias been what it  ought to be We will die light if we  live     light That   vvas a gloiious  thing that Monlinoiencv, constable  of Trance, said when dying fiom his  wounds in battle Some ono standing by advised lum to show the  some courugo 111 djing that ho had  shown dm ing his lifetime To tins  ho icplicd, "Gentlemen and fellow  soldicis, I thank vou all vcij' kindly  foi your anxious evie and concern  about me, but the 111:111 w 10 has been  enabled to cndcavoi to live well for  fout scot c j ems past can never need  to seek now how to die well for  a quailcr of un houi."  What an abstnditj it would have  boon for'Joshuv and Ins men to have  asked each otlier questions like thoso  "ITow can we cioss tlie Joidun if wo  get thcic? Will not the water be too  deep to allow us to wade? AVill wo  not all be so satiu.ilcd that vve mny  lose oui lives b} oxposuie'' How  inanv of us tan swim'' Had wc not  bettei wait until the annual fieshet  has subsided'" No such folly did  thev commit Tl^ weie cluelly anxious about the way thai they had  "not passed bofoie" uml wue ignoi-  nn' of and to keep then eyes on the  golden coveted acacia box, w,ng  mounted, which was the aik of tho  covenant  O hearer, stop bothoiing about  jour exit fiom stiblunniy scenes' Bv  ine giace of God get youi hej.it  light and then go ahead If tho  Loid takes caie of vou deal on to  the bank on this side of the liver,  T think jou can trust him to tako  jou from bank to bank, fiom tho  willows on this side tho stieam to  the palms on the other side, from  (he last kiss of son owing ones on  this side to the welcome, saintly  choiubic, sciaphic, doilic on the other  side Keep jour eyo on tliu ark,  and,'?vviui,cvct   betides,  you will   go  thic?tigli_all_iight   Ono ISapl'cr nimning Mnsscn.i, the  mr.rshal'"of France,  appealed     with  SOME CURIOUS TRAPS  QUEER METHODS USED IN HUNTING  FISH AND FLESH.  .iSjOOO armed men on the heights  ^bovo tho town of Feldkirch. There  were no arms to defend tho town  and the inhabitants were wild with  teiror. Then the old dean of tho  chinch cried out "AIv brothcis, this  is Easter Dny' Wo have been depending on our own si length nnd  that fails Let us turn to God Ring  the bells nnd have scivice as usunl "  Then the bells mng out swoetlly nnd  mightily from the chinch towets ot  1'cldkirch, and the people tluongcd to  the houses ol pinver for not ship  The hound of the bells mnde the enemy think that tho Auslrlitn nimv  had come in to save the plnce nnd  Massena nnd his 18,000 soldleis ic-  tiealcd Bv tho time the hills had  stopped ringing there wns not one  soldier in sight So put jour tiust  In God, nnd when hosts of tumbles  and temptations muich foi vottr overthrow ring all the bells of hope nm'  fui lh and Chustiun triumph und thi-.  threatening peiils of j'out life w'li  fall back, and your deliverance will  be cclcbiated all up and down tlio  skies The God who led vou tin on; h  the wny you never pns=od befoie will  bo with you at the crc^sings  Tho present growth of London's  population is 2,500 a month  The population of Gieat llutain  has doubled \. ltltm the la-st 08  yeais.  The XVay In Which Mnlnj�� Kill  SliarLn hy tlio Tlinimnmlii ��� Two  Scheme! For Trni>l>l"Sr TlRer�����Tho  P>thon and Ills l'lli Dinner.  If you were handed n fish, n dog nnd a  stup ot bamboo and biddin to kill n ten  foot shark with those etude implements,  the odds arc that you would decline the  unequal contest. Neveithcless the Ma-  lajs annually kill thousands of these voracious monsters by this means without  incurring the slightest link.  Tiie method Is as follows: The bamboo  Ib split Into a strip measuring about four  feet in length by one luch in width. Iinv-  Ing been well charred nt cncli end nnd  pointed, It is coiled into tho smallest possible space and sewed Into the iisliskin.  The dog is next Lilled, trussed nnd his  Interior cavity refilled with tho dcluslvo  fishskin.  Forthwith Jack Shark swallows the  dog at a gulp, and his doom Is scaled.  Three or four dnys Inter, when lie has  digested tho clog nnd tho lishskin, the  bamboo flies np.ut and gradually penetrates tho grout brute's side with fatal  effect. It is not pietty sport, but lt is  minvelouhly effective and absolutely safe.  Weie you haudcil a piece ot meat, a  bundle of loaves nud a pot of birdlime  you would scarcely feci }ourself 11 match  for a Bengal tlg;r, but the little Beugnl-  esonre pinticularly successful in catching  Mr. Stripes with these crude implements.  The meat is first of all tied to tho  bough of a tree tome twelve feet from  the giound. The leaves, which are tho  size of large pltino leaves, nre next  smeared with the birdlini" and thickly  Ktiowu, sticky side uppermost, beneath  the bough. Mr. Stripes, perambulating  past, smells the bait and makes a leap  for it. He misses for tho very good reason thnt it hns been puiposely placed a  couple of feet higher thnn he can icach.  Again and ngnin he springs for It, and  each time he alights upon a fiesh lot of  leaves, which stick fast to his huge feet.  Now he notices them uud stmts to try  to lick them off, with the icsult tlint he  transfers them from Ins cluvvs to his face,  lie gets impatient, the lime gets into his  ejes and mnkes thorn smart, nnd he redoubles his efforts, only to ledouble the  number of leaves. Fm.illj he loses his  temper nnd, half blinded with rage, fear  and birdlime, rolls ovcr and o\er until ho  looks like a jack In the green. Then,  when he is no longer capable of rational  icsistiince. the wily native emerges and  jabs him in some vital pirt.  Sometimes, however. Mi. Sttipos is destined for some gie.it menagerie. Then the  pioeedme is different. lie is Inst of all  trapped b> an ingenious nn.uiKonient of  weights anil spiings which eonvott nn in-  rocent looking cowshed into n four sided  wooden cell the moment he pnsses the  threshold. His removal thence is ingenious.  A tube of string matting measuring  some twelve feet In length by about  eighteen inches in diameter nnd strongly  fortified with rattans and bamboo is suddenly introduced lengthwajs into tho  darkened ceil. Mr. Snipes, who has  meanwhile boon stirred up hy countless  unseen hands, sees the welcome daylight  and leaps madly for It. But although he  lias spuing Into the narrow tunnel it in  only to hnd the end safely haired. Be>  fore he can sny "Jnek llobiusou" deft  f.ngers hnve hatred his exit fiom behind,  nnd lie is sprawling powei loss in a  straight jacket which fits him like tho  skin of a sausage, liis subsequent trans-  poit is merely a question of weight lifting.  The wily Chinaman gets some queer  sport. He Is a gieat hslierman, and his  "tackle" is unique of its kind, nis right  hand assistants are the eotmorant and  tLe sucking fish, or remorn.  This latter atrocitv is a la?y creature  which attaches itself to nnv object by  moans of a natiitnl sucker it has developed at the back of its head. John merely lives an iron ring in the remoia's tail,  tics a stiing to the ring nnd drops the  firh ovciboiid. Tlie loinnui quietlj attaches himself to the neatest fish, nnd  John as quieth hauls in uud out until the  remot'i tires of the game.  His cotmoiants aie trained from early  youth to return nt their master's whistle.  John places an iron ring lound tlie neck  of one and lets bun -.live for n hsh. Immediately he hns hewed Ins piey he is  whistled back to lus master The ring  prevents him swallowing the hsh. which  John quietly drops into his own pocket.  The pioccss is repeated until the coimo-  innt tires of it. Then John tiies a fresh  bird.  In certain parts of India where the  snnke pest is a terrible nuisance n curious tl ip is set foi the larger pythons. A  small hole a f< w inches In diameter is  made low down in n stout wall. On either  side of this hole a joung porker is tethered and left to his late.  'Ihe python speedily spots the evternal  pig and swallows him. Ho then turns his  attention to the internal nmmnl, which  be can only-rench by-wriggling the_fore_  part of his body through the hole in the  wall. Having swallowed the second porker, the python suddenly realizes the penalty of his piggishness.  , Horrible to relate, he Is now much tho  same shape as a dumbbell, the thin part  of which just fits the nperture through  the wall 11:11! the bulging poitinns of  which, repre'sentiDc the bwuIIowciI with  ers, effectually prevent him moving backward or forward through the wall. At  this point it is etiquette to help him out  of his difficulty by cutting him in two and  so saving the iives of the little pigs. Given a big python, and this spoil can be  \ 1 rj exciting.  BJornton** Adttce.  There Is a story told of Bjomstjerne  Bjornson that, arriving nt a late hour nt  the town of Bergen, which wns en fete to  receive hlni, lie vouchsafed to the expectant people no liner words of wisdom thin  a general recommendation to go to bed  In vain they appealed to him for "song  or sentiment." The great Bismarck, snid  he, gave the same advice under conditions all similar, and what was good  enough for Berlin must suffice for Bur-  gen.  Three years later, on visiting the town  for the second time, the mnstcr novelist  found a deserted city. Not a light burned  In the dismal railway station, no banners  wdnil, no ndilresseB were road by portly  biirgomusters. In vain Bjornson asked  for 11 cab.  ���"I hej have all gone to bed," wns tho  teplv. And so Bergen remembered.���  1 j-idon Mnjk   AN OVERWORKED PHRASE.  author to begone.  "Whole's that Idiot who Insists on  Seeing tne?" he asked of the treasurer  at the box office. Then the treasurer  pointed to a man standing In the shadow with a roll of manuscript under  his arm.  It wns noyt, with his newly finished  piny, which he handed to McKce, who  said to those present:  "It's on me���what'11 you have, boys?"  The Expreulou "He Took 111* Lire In  Ilia Hands."  "The expression 'he took his life ln  Ills hands' ulvvnys stiuck me ns being  very foolish," said a blight young gentlemnn, "nnd riinvo often woutlined  why so many persons persist In using  lt when they want to speak of extiaoiv  diunry dangers. Now, extraotiliiiiiry  dnuger Is one thing nml the simple,  commonplace thing of taking one's own  life lu one's huuds is an entliely different thing. ��  "I work In a big building. Theie are  a steam engine and ti tiuuntiioth boiler  ia the basement. Whenever 1 enter  that building,0 If they nre running the  engine iu the basement. I tnke my life  lu in} hands. I get on the elevator on  the fifth floor; I take my life In my  hands. 1 go out of town; the car  nuiy tumblw over a trestle souievvheie.  I walk along the street; n sign may  fall ou me. I mnke my way ncioss the  thoioughfare; who knows but what  a stieet car or a vehicle of sonic soit  may not lun me down? I cross the river; mny I not suddenly find myself In  tho swirling stream aud sinking for  the last time? If I walk ulong the  stieet. may not a bilcl: or a loosened  coiince come clashing down upon mo?  There are a row nnd a shot or two on  the corner; may not a stray bullet wing  me?  And so on.  "Pessimism? No. Logic. That's all  It just shows the difference between  taking one's own life In one's hand  and the matter of confiontlng cMiaor-  diuaiy danger Theso risks aie oull-  naiy, plain, old, everyday UsLs. The  llreinnu who dashes Into a burning  building to rescue a child, the fellow  who grabs the bridle ot a luuavvay  hoise, the hero who will plunge Into  the river to save some poison who Is  about to drown���these aie the persons  wlio confiont what I would call extraordinary dangeis, and the woin  platitude of saying of oue of these 'he  took bis life in his hands' would not  fit the case because tlicio would be In  tbe net an element of heroism which  would place lt much above the common plnce."-  Odors That Permeate rootUtnffii.  A tish deulcr In one of the most stylish pints of New York was deeply hurt  nnd budly won led oue da} by tho coin-  plutut of one of his big customers tbat  u Hue salmon which he had seut to the  house for a big dlnuer bad pioved to  be entirely uneatable when served owing to a most penetrating taste of creosote that pervaded it, Tho tish dealer  leall/.cd, although tbe ehuige was not  made dlicetly, that be wus mors than  suspected of having sold a stale tlsb  tbnt hnd been washed or brushed with  an antiseptic piepnrutlon to hide its  condition. He know that the snltuou  luitl been perfectly fresh wheu he sold  It. and for dajs he puzzled In vain over  the piobleni. But suddenly he rciuem-  beied thnt on thu day the nsb was sent  out a tnuk wugoti full of creosote bad  stopped liofoie his place and that bis  cart, into whlcli the Dsb was being  placed, was directly alongside of tbe  powei fui stuff. That appears to have  been enough to permeate tbo doltcute  fiesh of thu fish.  . fVooea Morpheui Wllh Plcinrc.  "1 have found a curo," said a ph.vsl-  olan, "for a person who Isn't cluouii.il-  ly aflilctcil with Insomnia, but who  temporarily cannot sleep It ls a curious thing tbat tbe picture of a person  jnwulug will almost Invariably Induce  sleep.  "Tiy It yourself sonic time If you  come ncioss such a photoginph. For  the lllo of you you can't help yawning,  uftcr a moment, anil persistent gazing  nt the sleepy bead will almost Inevitably send you to tbo couch for a nap."���  New Xork Times.  HOYT'S JOKE ON M'KEE.  of  lion- the  PlnyirrlKht  nm]   n  DIt  Pnn  With   Ilia   Maunecr.  On ono occasion Manager MeKce  was watching n peitotui.mce fiom a  box, where he was seated with some  fi lends.  During the flist net nn usher came  to lilm with the information that a  gentlemnn was waiting at the door to  see him on must linpoitant business.  "Tell him I cun't come out���I'm veiy  bus}'," was tbe answer.  The usher letnined In a momeut to  say that the man insisted on seeing  Mr. McKce, who again sent out woid  that It was impossible to see him.  The mnn outside''then sent In the  message that ho was au author nud  bad 11 play that be wished McKcu to  read Immediately.  This Incensed the manager, who said  to tbo usher:  "Tell that fool out there that this is  no time to bring a play to be read.  Get him out of the place���1 won't see  blm.   I won't read his play."  A few minutes later tho usher came  back and Iiifoimud McKce that the  man utterly refused to go without seeing him, and that be must be gi.inted  an Interview, also that be wus quite  sure_that_tbe]n^aungcr would not ouly  rend bis play, l>urhe_vvould~also_pio-  ducc it, aud added that he would bet  $1,000 that Hoyt & McKoo would be  only too glud to get tbo play.  At that McKce became furiously  angiy, and, excusing himself to his  paity, left tlie box with tbe Intention  of petsonully  luvitlng  tbu  uetslstuut  For IHU Rcpnlntlon, BBQO.  The proprietor of a large dry goods  store had decided to tear down the old  building and erect a new one ln Its  stead. In furtboiance of this plan he  wns removing his goods to temporary  quarters In another building.  The goods weie nearly all out of tho  old stiucturo when from some unknown cause It caught Are. The department was promptly on hand and  soon bad a stream playing on tho  flames, but the merchant was wild  with excitement Running up to tbe  chief, be urged him to greater baste.  "Never mind the goods!" be shouted.  "Save the building! I'll glvo the boys  a check for $500 for their pension fund  If they don't let tbe Are spread beyond  that floor!"  "Why, you're going to tear the old  building down anyway, aren't you?"  asked tbe chief.  "Yes," he said, "but do you suppose  I want the Insurance companies or anybody on earth to think that's the reason why It caught fire?"  By great exertion the Are was extinguished with little loss so far as the  building was concerned, and the merchant was as good as his word.���  Youth's Companion.   A Ormit 11 ti il le I nt.  Few have nny conception of tho  vast amount of food requited for a  vovngo acioss the Atlnntic Though  the tunc occupied by steamships in  the avcinge voyage from Queenstown  to New- Yotk is only nbout seven  days, U'<j vessels are stoi chouses of  meats, giotencs nud vegetables The  stevvui d of one of tho fastest of these  vessels lecently said:  "Wo sailed from Liverpool with  5'17 cabin pns.senuci s and 310 in the  crew. Wo he'i on board when vve  st.11 ted 12,fi00 lbs of fresh beef,  700 lbs. of corned boef, 5,000 lbs. of  mutton, 850 lbs. of lamb', 350 lbs.  of veal, 3.'i0 lbs of poik. Theie wero  beside 2,000 lbs of fiesh fish, 600  fowls, 300 chickens, X00 ducks, SO  geese, SO turkovs.,- -00 brace of  grouse, 15 tons of potatoes, 300  hampois of vegetables, 280 quarts  of ice cream, 1,000 ciuaits of milk  and 11,500 eggs.  "In the dry giocerics there were  G50 pounds of tea, 1,200 pounds of  codec, 1,600 pounds of white stgnr,  7!_0 pounds of pulverized sugar) 1,-  500 pounds of choose. 2,000 pcunds  cf buttci, 3,.")00 pounds of hum,'  and 1,000 pounds ot bucon."  Bnltcil.   I'Coloncl/ljisked_the_ beautiful  grn'9  widow, "ls your Ideal tall or short?"      ~  "How enn jou ask me such a question,"  ho leplied, looking aiound to sec that no  witnesses weie piesent, "when you nie  onlj medium?" -  Then she called him a "naughty boy"  and pretended thnt she believed ho was a  ilaitciui.���Chicago Uecoicl-IIerald.  When u. child is hungry lt cries���Rivo it food it is satisfied���It gtovvs quiet or goes to bleep. When tbo  nerves nre hungry they pain, that Is their cry for blood���blood that is ricli mid red���thut bilngs them food���  that nourishes them and gives them strength, steadiness nnd resU-no pain Ih harder to bear l'.iin kills some  ixiople���it wears tliem out���It sups' their strength until it loaves them n menial, physical nnd nervous wicck  Nowhere in all its happy range arc the splendid effects of Dr. A. W. Chnso's Nerve Food better seen than in  these cases, giving as they do to the blood all that makes It rich and pure. Strong In Its power to feed  these trying, painful nervos back Into their natural state again���strong,  steady, quiet and freo from pain.  Miss E. L   Harrison, Laurier,  Man , writes ���  "I want to Bay that I have been gieatly benefitted by the uso of Ur Chase's Nerve Food About n?year  ago I was troubled with fainting, or, as the doctor colled ltjV'sinking spells." At first they occurred once or  twice a month and then became more frequent until I grow so weak that I could not walk up Btalrs alone.  I was at this timo troubled with a cough and was so very nervous that a knock on tho door or any sudden  noise meant agony to me The doctors called this nervous prostration, and some of them said I was in a  decline. I have used five boxes of Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, am able to do my usual work and am almost  as strong as I ever was.     I have not had a,fainting spell for six months,and consider myself cured.  fi  Signature amd portrait of Dr  & Co., Toronto.  A  W. Chase' on each box,     Price 50 cents at dcdlcrs or Bdmanson, Bates  -.j-^-i*-���^..^ - ~.t, ���ii  W  A WOMAN PUBLISHER.  now Mln Clark Went From Selling  Booka  to  Printing Them.  Miss Carro M. Clark, who Is the C. M.  Clark Publishing compiny, with tno  great book successes, "Quincy AdainB  Sawyer" nnd "Blcnnetliassott," to her  credit, owned nnd managed n popular  >ook store i.ud stutioneiy shop in the  tfack Bay, BoHtou, for nine jenrs previous 'o embarking on tho uncertain sea of  publishing books. The most exclusive  Buck lhii families were among her tegular patrons. Miss Clark says It was entirely accidental, her going Into the pub-  <?*  HISS CAItHO M. CURE.  Hulling business. She knew Mr. Fidgin  mid went to hear the manuscript of  "Quincy Adams Saw-jcr" read out of curiosity. She came away from the reading  convinced that it would be a wise business move to publish the book.  It Is quite possible that Miss Clarke  inherits her ambitious spirit nnd the faculty of accomplishing w-Lntever sho nt-  tempts from her gre.it-giandrather, I'hin-  eas Warron, w ho fought in the battle of  Lexington. He was u near relative of  Joseph Warren of Bunker Hill fame.  the freezing point as- possib e w ithout actually freezing them. If potatoes are to  be kept in the same cellar, they should be  put in the warmest part.  The bairels of apples, well headed up,  should be set close to the window s w here  on dajs when'the atmosphere is only a  few degrees above freezing they may be  treated to a cold air bath, but that part  of the cellar wheie'the potatoes are kept  should not be allowed to fall below 40 de-  gi i es. Alw ays keep a thermometer ln the  cellar, and it will he possible to cool off  tho apples without Injuring tho potatoes.  Do not uiiho.id the barrels trntil the apples nre wnntcd Let the apples remain  undisturbed, as It is rarely a good plan to  soit them over uud to pick out the rotten  OIK'S.  Apples in ripening give out n deleterious g,is, cnilionic neitl, which greatly aids  in piesemng tliem, but this gas is un-  licnlthj nnd cannot bo allowed to accumulate lu the house cellar. It is one of  tlie advantages of un outside cellar that  tin. luiij be allowed to retnnin.  Lucky Co!or�� Tor Garter*.  A joung gill, blushing faintly, remarked at a tlicntiicul pcifnimancc about the  gaiter of pule blue silk that a dancer  wore below her Luce. "It Is had luck,"  she said, "to we.tr one's garters In that  wnv, and I, for my ptrt. would not do it.  It is'nlso bail hick to wear white garters.  The} su-uify dcith, and jelle* ones signify jealousy and love tumbles. Garters  lied in n tine lowi's knot aie tlie most  foitunnte one's, and if thoy are jeweled  t'litt makes them still moro foitunnte.  Srspender gurteis have no bad luck attached to tlieni. but they me not very  piettj After the ti ut* lover's knot the  black gnrtei fastened with a gold buckle  is the luckiest. Mj own garters always  match mj idocuings, hut jou could never  Induce me to went stoel.itigs of white or  jollow."���riuliidcliili.a Itecord.  Adaptability.  Adaptability is one of the most desirable qualities in existence and goes fur to-  waid making a man or a woman a popular person It must be conceded that the  ultra fashionable possess this nttiib'ite  far more gencially than well to do people  who are not nearly ns smart, for, alwajs  provided tbat their fnends belong to  their "set," they will visit at n palnec or  a cot with equal readiness, cnjo.wng the  simplicity of a farm apparently quite as  much as the stately grandeur of a princely establishment.  "It must seem a great contrast to you,"  said the young misttess of a little cottago  at Hempstead as she conducted hi r guest,  ono of the most sought after socutj girls  ln New York, to her room, "to come hero  just after stopping at n magnificent establishment like the Tiptops "  "Why, it Is nil about tlio same thing,"  answered tbo cosmopolitan young womnn,  "You give me 5 o'clock ten, dine nt 8, but  send np my breakfast on a tra'y. No ono  can do nny better than that, however  grand the} may be. I must confess to  being a creature of habit in thoso respects, hut I line] thnt nice people hvo  nbout the same whatever tho size of the  house or the number of footmen."  Alvvn)H the Same.  There is a supi'i'tition that our grnnd-  mothcis were fit moie honorable in their  dealings with their iliossmtikers thnn we  ine ntiw.ul.ijs But a ceitnin firm has  Looks evtenuing o\er more than a ceutu-  1} which cntiiel} dispmrc this theory.  Reference to these interesting volumes  sLows tint long accounts were the older  of the d i}- at the beginning of the last  ccntun. that the1} were fitqucntly not  paid till exttemo uiensuios were taken  and thut ladies in society at that pe.'iml  weie rot loss extravagant when they l.ad  standing accounts th iu nre their descend  ants of a hundieil jc.ns later. Piohablj  there are among the ruins of Pompon  similar retoiils From one geneiation to  auothei the little weaknesses of hunisn  natuie do not seem to change very much,  after all.  , Importance  of Reit.  Nervous, tired housekeepers or bnsy  workers in any other occupation save  timo and strength by learning to do tho  rignt thing at the right moment and in  tbe easiest and shortest way possible. It  may take thought, but thought is one^of  the best labor saving implements ever  discovered by man. Save time and  strength by using machines whoever it is  possible. Prolong life und hcnltb by taking a few moments' rest between duties.  Work dono iu a state of fatigue will  probably bo poorly done and sometimes  must be corrected.  Learn to be calm. All the store of patience incased in one mortal frame will  How to Make Pen Sonp.  Pea soup that is strongly commended  for Its excellence is made after these di-  tectons- Use eithei liulf a peek of ftes.li  gieen pens taken fiom the pods or n can  of the rieneh binmls If tho uncooked  pens ate used, put them, with a handful  of spinach leavts, into a kettle-with a  pint of stock and n quart of boiling water. Set over the fue to sunnier half nn  hour. Add n head of sliced lettuce, half n  teaspoonful of salt and a teaspoonful of  sugar Let boil \intil tbo spinach nnd lettuce nre pulp} Take up and run thiough  a w-iie sieve. Boil the pens nnd half n  sliced citetmihoi in a little wnter, mash  and pass tluotieb a sieve. Mix with the  soup nml season with salt, popper, a  squeeze of leu ou juice and a dash of  caj enne.  To Save Pennies.  If youi iiblions become faded and  cieaM'd jou can make them look nlmost  new again bj iinsmg them iu cold water,  slinking them almost diy and then iiouing  I hem while dump on an Honing hoiud  with n piece of muslin ovei.  Your black tin end stockings will keep  their look of newness and blackness  ninth longer if jou wash them at home  To do this piopeily Gil a small muslin  bag with hi an, and with tins make a  latliei in tepid w itei. Wash tho stockings in thii wnter, and when jou take  lhem nut of tlle w-noi loll up in a clean  cloth and wmig them out well and di}  1} u quick fire.  Wauled  Cutter.  A cooking teacher adusos that a prolific sou'ce of waste in many American  lousehnlds is in the too free use of but-  tei. sa.vs the New York Evening Post. If  oae would remember eveiy time the  tempfitioii comes to add nn additional  I ihli spoonful to some dish in process of  bo needed some time for a tr}ing ordeal. I inepniniiou tint a i.ihlespoonful of but-  Don't waste nny .of It. Physicians and . n i weighs nn ounce and hns therefore a  druggists grow fat on the wrecks of coo- definite value. 2 or 3 cents, as tho case  Btitutlons broken by countless' little I maj,he. one ljirm of this waste might be  things. If tncre ts no other argument . stopped A pure lieef fat, as suet well  that will count for observing these simple ! tni.,1 out. can often he substituted for  rules, consider the wrinkles how they I butter to the hettetment frequently of  grow nnd  remember tbnt  nervous fret- [ both flavor and digestion.  ting, with its'consequent'displays of ill h '   temper, is the soil iu which these fnclnl I Clinrneter   Llnea.  disfigurements flourish like tbe green bay  tree.���New Orleans Times-Democrat  - '.A North Side Fad. ���<  However competent a housemaid may  -be, shemast-wear a-"unlforra���if she desires cmployment'in the North Side families of Chicago."No"reason is given why  this fad is limited to ono section of that  city. This outht consists of a blue' and  white cotton dress, white npion aud  white cap. Tbe general effect Is somewhat similar to the costume worn by  trained nurses. For the different'grades  of work there are certain styles. The  cook n;ust wear a dress, apron and cup  of an entirely dideient design from that  set aside for the housemaid, nnd the fabric designated for her must have n'different stripe.  It is considered a hardship by  some of the servants that the girl must'  ld clothes.iub over the sandpaper, then  supply the uniform out ot her wngi^s. but ,ou.r a elbtb.wltb a little beeswax or  wlilte'wat In it.     j-     .  - ,  The woman wiui thinks only of tbe  disappointments of the dny or the in-  crnveuienies of the "wenther usnnlly  slums her temperamental fadings in her  fine The pctiilunt fret lines, the drooping chin museles.-tlie washboard corruga--  Hon in her fon head���all these aro pointed lingers and glnrmg sjgnboards.saying  and shucking to the world: "Look at me!  I am1 Missus Pessj-Mist. Nothing suits  me  and the things that do I nm unublo  to see."���Chicago Kccord-Uorald.   i ._   ,   ^  .., i i -   ---  Never allow fli^irons to become "red-  hot,"'us tliey will not hold the heat, so  wen nfler,.nucb treatment. Should tbey  heroine rough or smoky give them a good  scrubbing in sonp.uud water, rinse dry  and rub brisklj ever n piece of sandpaper.  To prevent their sticking to starch  lnTHE TYRANT INCOME."  Tho Whole   Muster ���_umnif.fi Up  by Hun.  Slrg   AiiHtrulhur.  For sovcral numbeis past of Tho  Cornlnll Magazine nistiuetion has  been given in the uit of living on incomes ranging from ��78 to A.10,000  a yenr, and now the whole matter is  summed up by tho Hon Mis. Aus-  truther under the title of ' rlho Tyrant Income."  "The truth is this," she sa}s ' Tlio  sectct of financial happiness lies in  your own pcisonul atlitudo tow aid  your income If you ticut It as a  irieiid, on whose geneiosity jou may  rely to help you in tune of need, then  will jou bo cloojicd to disappointment, for few incomes havo gieat  souls ��� they are moan and shrinking  things, inrnpiiblo of heroic expansion! But if, from tho very instant that you and it foicgathei,  you ticat it as your natural enemy,  then may your lifo bo a bnppy one.  Conijucr it, or it will assuicdly conquer you, and becomo your tyrant.  Yet only m ono way can it bo humbled and bi ought low, and happy is  the man who dlscoveis tho way to  do this early in his career Keep It  hidden, for publicity is to it tho  bieath af life, and once the glare of  publicity fulls upon this unlovely  Galatea, it will rise up and meici-  lessly will it trample upon you and  your most piecious possession���your  independence. Therefoie    hide  it  Never let vour nearest or your dearest suspect its real height, or bifiad-  Cot suspect its real height, or  bicadth, or length, or power. Keep  it as secret as you would the knowledge of some hideous crime, gunid  it from the public gnye as you would  the most appalling skeleton that evei  sat in family cupbonidi Should  searching questions be put to you  uncut its sire, do not hesitate to lie  right royally in your lcsponscs  Sweur it is but a small, weak thing,  worthy of no considci atlon, mcap-  ah'o of sustained elloi t, and thus by  vom cunning woids foice it to sit  cowering in the clnikness of pnvaio  life, not dm ing to nsseit itself 01 to  t.vrunniz* ovcr vou in that hcu id  fashion ilicady pai tly hinted at by  a pievious wntei in these papers,"  A PUNT WHICH DINES.  Tho Sundew, Common to Uo^g) Grouml  in l^nt-laud,  Amonjj the insectivorous plants  there is hardly one of grcatoi inteiest than the sundew (Dioscra_rotun-  difolia), whicli is common on'boggy  giound in many pails of Bntnin  Tho leaves of this plant says  "Chamber's Journal" aie supplemented by highly sensitive glanclulai  hairs or tentacles which sou etc, a  viscid fluid; and when any small insect inadvcitontly alights 011 these,  it is held fast while tho tentacles  gradually bend down and hold it 111  a close embrace until its digestible  parts uro intoipointed within tho  substance of the plant The entno  process has leeently been pholo-  giaphed by Mr A E Goodman, and  tho pictuies aie leproduced 111 the  pages of the "Amateur Photographer," under the quaint title of "A  Tragedy in Six Scenes." In the  fust of these pictuies wc sec a small  fly, an aphis, settling upon the  treacherous and sticky points of the  plant which is dostined-to devout it,  and in the subsequent photogiaphs,  which wore taken at intervals of  from thirty to foity minutes, we see  how tho victim is drawn neater and  nearer to its doom In this mtei-  esting photographic expenment wc  aro told that the" digestive pioccss  lasted for about tlnce days, when  tho tentacles once moie icsumed  their extended position, but they le-  mained dry for about 24 houis, and  thus allowed the icmains of the repast, tho indigestible portions of  the aphis, to bo mined away by the  first puff of wind After that the  glands once more began \to secrete  their vigcid fluid, and were ready  again to act as lly-traps.  THE MARRIAGE PROBLEM.  Tha   Pro.  nud  Cons  Stated ��o   Hint  AU  Wliu   Itend   Mny   I'lideraluntl���  1 arly l-runch settlers  In the early days of French     Canada, when bndes were brought over  in shiploads,  and  were snapped    up  the moment they landed on the soil,  the  in.riiige habit took mm    loot  111 the  I'lo-.inte of Quebec,   wieie it  bus nevu since tensed to be popular.  In  tiiove d.i}s tcliba'y  was    looked  upon wilh such 1t1sf.1v01 thut tl.e sin-  g'i   1.1.in wlio  wilfully  bhun'icd     the  Idi >sings of nnitiiinony vvas held to  bo a ti.iilor to bis countiy   1'cihaps  if  I lie  I'l cr. nice  of  Onlaiio  had had  in  i'ii   IIimiuqIi   a  similar  expel ienco  wu would not now  be engaged in    a  ���'iseie-sion    ns to whether     or    not  weddings    me going out  of  fashion  ii.nong 0111  peoplo   A Toi onto   clergyman has latelj declined th.it martinet' is on the decline, and that tho  situation docs not fall far short   of  being    nlniining       Vanous theories  me udviiiieed to account for the phenomenon     Wc aie told that it"costs  so ninth nowadtiys to marry und to  keep    up u    respectablo    uppoarance  that our    peoplo defer uniting their  foi tunes    until  late in life, a    postponement    w liith  too often becomes  clnonlc.    Again, it is said that   the  stiuggle for existence is now so keen  becauso female labor has    displaced  so many of the opportunities     that  weie    foimerly open to men,     that  theie aie propoitionately fewer men  able to suppoit a family than thero  wore a generation ago.    It would bo  idle to deny that this state of     affairs has an impoitant bearing    on  existing    conditions     But    whether  it    is    the failure of men to marry  that has duven women into the laboi  maiket, or whether it is the    invasion of female labor that is abolishing m.ttiimony, is a very nice and  a veiy delicate question   Certain it  is, however, that an unman ied    womnn, unless she is foitunnte enough  to ho n  capitalist, must become     a  competitor with male or female laboi of somo soit.    It follow* that   in  propoi tion    ns    some of our young  men fail  to grasp the oppoitunities  that sm round them, the competition  tliey have to meet fiom tins    source  in earning a livelihood will increase  and intensify.       To    some    extent,  theiefoie, it may be aigued that the  men have the lemcdy in their     own  hands,  always  provided  that     they  tan enlist Cupid in their service Ono  great dcteirent to matumony    in a  new country like this is the unequal  distribution of the sexes.  Our enterprising young men strike    out into  the West, while the young women as  a nile stay nt home     Sepaiated    as  they nie by thousands of miles,    the  opportunity to foim thoso tender relationships which culminate in marriage  is  thus  denied them     It  was  precisely tins state of affairs     that  the pioneers of New France    had to  encounter    in the early lustorj'     of  Canada,    says    The    Toronto Mail  They met the difficulty by means    of  ih^so     matrimonial  exclusions      of  which Packman has given us so pic-  tuiescnie a lecord     X\c do not think  1'istoiy is likely to icpeat itself     in  this lespect, for our people uie    not  so docile or so easily managed     as  wore the early Tiench settlers,     jet  somo such movement is necessary to  adjust tlie sexes in Canada   Natural  laws will,  of com so, 111 then      own  good tunc piovidc a remedy, but can  we afford to wait for their slow op-  eiation?    Heie is n pioblem for our  statesmen to giapple with        Thousands of haivosteis have gone to tho  West, many of them to remain there  What of the harvcsteis' swccthoaits?  If wc aie going     to deal with     tho  matrimonial issue 111 a practical way,  theie is the plate to begin.  A CEYLON SPIDER.  Spins b Web Five Feet ln Dluroeter. Liko  WIloiT Silk  Far up in the mountains of Ceylon there is a spider that spins a  web like blight yellowish silk, the  cential net of which Is five feet in  diameter, while the suppoiting lines,  01 gujs, us thej- aie called, measure  sometimes 10 01 12 feet, and, riding  quitklj' in the c.nlv 11101 ning, jou  may dash 1 lght into il, the stout  tin cads winding lound vom face like  n late veil, while us iho tteaturo  who has woven it i.ikis un his position in the middle, he gencinlly  ctilchiM }ou light 111 t'.f nose, and  though he seldom Mt<s or stings the  contact of his I.m,o loth nnd long  legs is unj thing but plcnstnit. If  vou foi get j, 0111' flf und ttv lo cntch  linn, bite lie will, nnd though not  venomous Ins laws me as powei fui  11s il hud's bc.tk unci j-oii ate not  likely to foi get el,e onCcHii.tii  The- bodies of tin so spnleio nro  veiv handsome1}' decornted, being  11 ������flit j old 01 scarlet nuclei neath  v lule the uppu p,��it is tovciol with  the most t'i m.no slute coloied fur  ,s'o stiong .-io the webs thut buds  the si/c of l.nks mc 'requentlv  iatinhl thi'icin and even tho small  hut pov 01 f il I sealv li/nitl falls a victim A wntei s.ms that he lias often sit and watched the .voilow  ."onstci���measein g, when waiting  foi Ins piev with Ins legs stietched,  fullv six liitln s���sti iding acuiss the  middle of the net nnd noted the  n'Piil ninnnei .11 wl ic'i lie vintls his  slo.'l tin cads i ound the unfoi tunate  ceptive  Ue usually tluows the coils nbout  Ihe lioiiil until the wioltlied victim is  (11st blinded and then iliokcd In  I'lnnv unficqucnttd (Ink nooks of the  Mingle vou come acio-s most peifcet  skeletons of sm til line's caught 111  thee tcuible sm>ns  MENDING  POCKETKNIVES.  wlien she rogistois nt nn agency het;  chance*" oftuniploj ment are small. It Is  said, unlesfllalie states her willingness to  provide tbe dress.���New York Tribune.  Sotue ltemurkablo Statistics.  A compilation mado from the files  of a prominent pio-Boer Parisian  journal shows some lemaikable statists. It hns repoitud 1,101 battles, tho pinicipnl lesults being. Boer  losses ��� Killed, 181 men, including  23 officers, captuied, 300 men and  17 officers. British losses- Killed,  3,18U,1S0 men, including 60,000 officers, captuied, 190,000 men and  8,000 ofliceis. Boer guiiB captured,  14, hoises and mules, 30, piovision  trains, 42 British guns captured,  2,160, hoises and mules, 7,000, provision tiains, 813. Decisive Boor  victories, 1,094 Decisive Bntish  victories, 7. Boer forces puisued by  British, 121 miles, British foites pur-  sued-by~Boeis���26,118-miles.���Boer  gencrnls Killed, nil British generals  killed, 71, including live who weie  killed threo times, and ono (Genei.il  Methucn) who wns killed seven times  during tho fust four months of thu  war. General Kelly-Kenny had his  head blown off in three separate engagements, succinctly desenbed by  tho paper's coi respondents; and bo-  foro leaving for home General Lord  Roberts Intd lost flvo legs and nine  light arms. Up to tho beginning of  Octobei Lord Kitchener hud been assassinated thico times by his own  men in rovongo for the harsh discipline ho kept on enforcing.  , When you*ime a strnmer over a'kettle  fold 11 clean cloth in several thicknesses  and lay o\ei the tap of the ste.nnei under  the cover nnd weight the cover down  This kicps in all the steam, and the food  will cook nine ii more quickly, making a  silting of tune nud fuel.  Too Mnch  Clotlilnir.  Most men'and women 1 wear n 'great  deal too much winter clothing Provided  good, stout ilannel garments aie worn  next tho skin, their duphiatiim in tho  case of a health} person is quite uncalled  for. A thick vest beneath n thick shirt  should be a' superfluity, flow many so  regard it? '        <    ���    -* '      * 1 ���  '  Above all, be the wenther -wet or line-  snow, mm or bull���go out. If you feel  seed}, don't coddle {ip nt*home."{Jet out  into the uir "Trash nlr'ls life. It is na-  tine's own cine'for'conntlesij nrfificial  cn'-qihunts such as consumption or<brain<  ft,-    1 ...i .1 as long u,^ as^often..0^ijou.,^^^^^  ,��� "  mi    If urn din add sunshine, so much   ������,���,"���., ,,,��� ���,,���. ���,��� '.������������������.. w  The habit of oreilooking family jars, of  failing to see the sour look and not hearing the harsh woid and setting aside forever the ilisngicement Is a habit ,that  makes for fnmilr peace. It Is throwing  stones lu tbe path out of one's way.   ;��� ���        1    ���  ' If a kettle in wbieh onions or other  strong vegetables hnve been cooked is  rubbed with n cloth dipped in hot, strong  tin In it. 1  water, all the odor will disappear.  A No.el Fire Alurui.  A novol flro alarm bos been fitted  up In tho big recreation room of the  London file brigade headquarters It  takes tho form of n 4 7 shell, which  has been conx cited into nn cltttiic  alarm signal for a general "turnout"  in tlio ovent of fiie. The shell whb  sent by Commnndcr Wells as a sou-  vcnii from South Afiica, and the  chief ofllcot has had it conveitcd to  this novol puiposo It makes a resonant flio signal  A cylo as u French speiiker.  The Puko,of Ai'gyll' is said to bo  one ,of the most fluent and actui ate  ���peakeis  Kingdom.  .of.  Fiench in the United  To  Keep Apples and  Potatoe*.  .Munis cioie iipphs iii'ii vVell Ventllat-  1       ci t>   cillur and keen ,v> in as near  u  ' v When wlndowB do pot sh'ive up nnd  down easily, rpb a little hard soap'on the  Inner casing.  ,a,  sllvor In Britain.  Silver     In. Bntnin is legal tender  up to 40s , pennies up to a shilling)  and fai tilings only up to sixponcci  New Lleht on nil Old Pasna��e.  The leader of one of the largest  Bible classes that meets on Sunday  afternoons in Toi onto���a class attended by adults���was recently dealing with the Scriptural admonition  against being unequally yoked together with unbolievcis He appeared  not to have given the subject much  previous attention, and so he floun-  deied, but picsently he resorted to  the device of cutting the sentence into shoit lengths 101 easy handling,  with this edifying lesult "Be ye  not unequally yoked," he pondered  "Here is an impoitunt injunction. If,  for instance, you dance, although I  don't want to be understood as favoring dancing���but if vou do dance,  be not unequally yoked, but let the  men dance with the men and the  women with the women." *Tlus enlightened inteiprotation of the Strip-  tuics no doubt gientlv interested the  grown men who heard it  There appeuts to be no limit to  whnt"can"bo got~out~of tho Bibln by  such a process ns this.  1 he Kobo mid Wis.  Chief Justice Tnlconbridge opened  the Assizes 111 Toronto in full court  dress The Bench is certainly a  place where n littlo theatncal trimmings can be used to advuntngo 'Hio  judge might well adopt the wig Tho  wig und gown lemoves the individuality, and makes the judge on embodiment of law nnd justice Without wig or gown the chief is Mr Fal-  conbridgo, an nmiabla gentleman and  a capital fisherman In a wig and  gown his poisonalily Is obliterated,  his 'dexterity in throwing a fly is ul-  tcrly forgotten, nnd he nppcars a-s  tho inexorable nnd unflinching chief  Justice. Tho robe is good, now let  us hnvo tho wig ���Bobcnygcn Independent. * '  ten or "1st"?  The crudito editor of Tho Woodstock Kvpicss snvs that Sir Thomas  tea ns 'tay" is tlio 01 Iginnl pronunciation, and tlint "tea" is a  modern degene.at0 lie calls the  English poet Tope as a witness.  Thus:  Here,   thou,   great    Annnn,   whom   three  realm? obe},  Dost  sometimes  counsel   take  and   sometimes tea  ' Again'  Soft yielding minds to wnter glide nwav,  And sip with njuiphs tlieir elemental tra.  Again:  llnse o'er some hook, or trlffe o'er the tei.  Or with some music charm dull care away.  I'jh  liuof, V, i>n- (11.tied. ,  A C("hici a let a pci foi nance,  was one evening ict.iinii'i', lo lus hotel in a tab and I e r.g fond ot a  joke, he lesolvcd to nivst,.}  tabby  Wlien the cab stopped he alighted,  mid, slipping his hand into his pocket, lie die-w  out a linnc'ial of gold  'llcie, tablij latcn," '���a.cl ho,  tossing a sovcici^i to the man, who  still sat on his box  Cabby caught���nothing, and ns the  coin could not be fourci he accused  h.s tare of ' bilking" him  "Aie you s.nc it is not in your  pocket'" asked the conjttiei  Slinping his fingcis therein, he  drtvv out a soveloign  'Take it ami le gone " he said, as  ho tossed it to the c.ibhv, who again  failed to titth thu (liiMiu coin  _s The coniuict thinking the game  had gone far enough, now held out a  .".-ski,ling piece  "llete, cabby," said ho. "take this  Int 01 silvei it will piovo moie substantial than the gold, 1 assuio  you "  Cabby, however, vvas almost petn-  ficd with fear  Stand back," he lonicd "I know  j'ou now, though votn hoofs aie cov-  eied witli patent Icnt'ict _ You don t  huv 1110,  Mi    Devil "  And ho diovc lapidlj- avvaj'. ��� London Answeis  Sentimental Rcquoiis That Lead People  to the  Cutler'u  Shop.  A mnn of an iniuuring tuin whu had  lead on the fiont of a eutlei's sltup the  sign 'Toeketkuius Ilehl.ided and Ue-  hiindle'd," nml who lee.iiled tlie fact that  wl.cn ho wns n liov he u-ed to get u new  blade pur in Minictmits when he bloke  line out of lus kn f(. found, upon Inquiry,  that hojs still j:it new b .ides put iu  knives jiikI ns tin} umiI tn. ln-t th it. us a  it'attci of fact, the people win h.ue pjtk-  ttkitives iipaiKil ti e iniistl} older poisons  .mil that the kniii- .in- lilel} to be v.U-  uid for tinn nsson iiiniis.  "I've curried thnt knife foi hftyjeurs,"  sa.vs one geutli nun, aud he hands over a  knife that lie's i.it..ed since he wns a  Im} uud that lie'i! li ite to lose.  Miniv knives lno,i���'lit 111 fur icpuirs are  ptt/ed liciuiisc the} .ne gifts, 01 tliey  weie bought in sunn fcii(",-n coiintr.v. or  the) just Milt tlie hand of tl.e man that  uses tliem, Theie nie ir.ioiis moie or  less sentimental n .isons wh.v a man may  picfei 'tn keep the o'd knife latliei than  dlsciid it fin it new one Tl'cu it may be  that 111 some olliei cases the knife is too  valuable to be tliiuwii nwaj. So that (iist  and hiht and foi one ic.1,011 nud another, ���  out of the vast niiinbei of poiketkulves  ciuried. a good mil)} come in to be  tut tided.  The lentils iiniilt to pneketknhes ore  of i vnne-d ilia, utei 'lluj fiey consist, for eviinip'e, 111 the piitti- g is-i of one  new* poml side on a pi.nl handled kmft-  to lepl.tce it side eiacked 01 Hawed With  long use the blade at the in.iged end or  the sprng in the handle or tiie met by  which the blnde is lie cl 11.1v cot noin so  tint the knife bl ule won t tlnse pmpeily,  or nta}he the spi 114 is imi lo-iget as it  should be, flush with the luck of the-  knife. In fact, n g i.tt pmiiv things can  happen to a pocl elK'.ife. and of couise  the moie blades the I'uie thing, cm happen, hut the ciillet itp.ii s then ell  The phiase "lebl.ideil anil lehtndled"  suggested, of couise. the nlei nf complete  renewal, and the tiiqtiiKi wonde.ed if it  might not be possible th,.t with the re-  psm of a knife 111 11111 pint nud another  such a icnewai might occur. Aud the  cutler said that nnl onlj was it possible,  but that sometimes it netuill} did happen  that with biicccssiio lonen lis of its various p.uts the whole knife came sometimes to be cntmlv leuewed, Mill there  wns left of the 01 initial knife nothing.���  New York Sun  Jn Hi in*- fui  rlie   Irtilli  "Be truthful," said the teacher.  "Always''" asked the boj'  "Alwavs," answeied the teacher  "Novci   toll a lie'"  "Xcvci "  "Not oven a white lio'"  "Not even a white lie"  "Huh." eiaculntod the Ind scoin-  fullj', "it's a nughtv good thing for  jou jou ain't a boy with my dad  for n  fatlioi'"  "Why" asked the teacher  "Because," leplied the boy, "if  you wns my dad's little boy, an'  you's heaicl what he said about  Aunt Eliza connn' to visit us with  her clnldien, nn' Aunt Eh/.i had asked jou if you weicn t all glad to  sec her an' you'd told the tiuth,  like I cfid, you'd think tlicre wns a  plnce wheie your tiouscis was  mighty thin aftei dad had finished  with you " ,  ,11c went back to Ins desk and ns  he sat down with gieat caie theie  wns nn eipiession on his face that  showed the gtcat lesson of tiuth had  been, at least in a measuit, lost on  him.���Tit-Bits  Monkev   Hi at the Cnhrjt.  A monkej- and, fa cobia    fight   was  witnessed b.v some poisons a   couple  of dnv> ugo about a mile or two up  the OLsooi   road at Bangalote        A  laige     nionkev     distuibccl   a      large  tobra, which was basking in the sun  about���u���huiidi cd -j m ds ���11 onrthi  load      'Ihe  iniiniiitcd  leptilc      gave  the monkey chase,  but he took    the  matter easy till  ho got to a    rock  While perched theie the snake, wlnti  had  Lien    in  close  chase    ��� <��� 11 <������ I   11;,  nlmo't to full length and with open  hood darted ut  the monkej'   But the  latter dodged nnd ducked on tlio cle-  fersivo niul  allowed  the rcntlle     to  stitko foicibly eneh tune ngalnst the  stone.  This  went on  for  a coiisiclci-  nblc time till  the snake liy out      tt  full   length    bhcdutg  nnd  exhausted  Then the monkc}   seized  the     sn.ikc  anil    lulibed    Us    head (lean oir the  hunk and afteivunl climbed a  lice  when the pi 1 sons v.ho hnd witne>scd  tho     liiloicslim*   incoiintoi       ticatcd  tho victer to  Indian coin and sttgai  tune ���Lalioie 'liihune  CURIOUS MEDICINES.  Prescription*    Vvlileli     Were    liiad  Early In the Eighteenth Century.  The following priscnptions winch were  published in 17dl show .1 device of eicdul-  lty huully to he exported limn "the fa-  tbet of modem clicuiisli} and brother of  the Enil of Coil. " I'l e book is said to  licwiitten hy 'the Ilonoiable H Boyle,  Ksq , late Tellow of the Iloyal Society,"  for the benefit of "those pom Upholders  of Families who ctuiot hnd ot fee a Surgeon or a Doctoi." Heie uie a few- specimens:  For Convulsions, Especially Iu Children���Take K.iitli-Woims. wash them  well in Wlnti-wiin to cleanse them, but  so as that thev i'i i\ not die in the Wine;  Then upon hollow Tiles or betw een them,  dt} the W01 ins with .1 modei.ite llent,  and no fuithei than ihu the}' may be  convenient]} teiltictd to 1'owdei: to one  Ounce of winch add a piottj Number of  Gums of'Amheigiise, both to peifumc  the I'owdei (w hose Stent of itself is rauk)  and to make the medicine the moie elhca-  cious r  To Picvent the Toothache nnd'Keep  the Teeth Sound ���Let the Patient frequent!} rub his Teeth riiideiauly with'  the Ashes that leui.iin 111 Tobacco Pipes,  aftei the rest of tlie Boil} hath been consumed 111 Smn.ik; borne time utter, washing (if need he) lus Mouth w ith fair Water not too cold  An Uncommon but Kxpoiienced Remedy For Djsiutc111.1l Fluxes.���Take the  Bone or the 'linsli of 11 liaug'd Man (perhaps auothei 1u.1v seive), calcine it to1  Wlnti ness. and having piuc'd the Patient with an aiiti'iiouial midicine, give1  him 1 Dinm of this \M11tc Powder fo��r  one Dose, in some good Cordial, whethi'i.  Conseive or Liquor  A Choice External Itemed} For a Sore  Thront���Take Mi li pedes nine, and sew  them up betwei 11 the Foldings of u piece  of Linnen, and apply tlu m to the Throat  in the foim of a stu}, vv Inch is to be kept  on all Night      ^  Fm an Ague ���Tnke of the Bone called  "Plntella." of the Knee of a dead Man,  nnd having 1 educed it to line Powder, give  of it as mutli as will lie upon a groit or a  six-pence for one Dose, in nny proper  Conseive, or fit Vehicle.���Lancet.  The   Indian's   Retort.  Early in his eiiocr as a missionary to  the Indians Bi-hnp Whipple hid jour-  nc}ed into the' Iinliin cuttttiy to pteacb  a si 1 mon to the nssiuibhd Clttppeways in  Chief Good Thiindei's village.' Bishop  Whipple had with In in the costly garments of his oflice. wli.ch he wore on such  occasions, and it iiuauie necessaiy to  leave tliem l.ngii nihil 111 the chief's tepee.  _It seems tint me-bisluip had h.s djabts-  fit that time ns to the inlieieiit honesty of  the nveinge Indivt Hefote leaving he  asked, turning in lined '1 hituder.  "Chief, do }uii Until, it will be safe to  leave tliem In te';"  "Novel fiat, hi-liop," wis the reply;  "there isn't a white man within tlneo  miles of heie."  v'uriItit-ii i-ailc 11 im  Tho mniiinge of lord Tldon  wlilch Ins fncnils thought must liave  mined him was icallv tlie making  of him This has been stated In  one wlio should luixc known better  than nny one else When Vli'on ie-  cctved the gtcut seal fiom ihe Kine  and w is about to tctiic he w is ntl-  dtesscd bv- His Mniestv with the  woids Give mv ic'iiicmbinnco to  L.ulv ri'don " The Ch.inielloi in  acknowledging tho condescension,  intimated his ignoiaiice of Lnclj- E|-  doii's clenn to si.ch notice "Yes,  j'cs," the King answeied. "I know  how much 1 owe to Ladv l.ldon I  know that you would have been  v oui self a countiy cuiate and that  she b 1? made vou mv Lord Chancellor,." .  Tlio  .tllRtletoe.  Tlle mistletoe is n Diuidienl contnbu-  tion to Chiisiinns It was held 111 g i.it  vendition by the Pi mils 111 nuiiont 11 ig-  innd, ,'iud llie (i.tlmg if it was attended  bv sit 1 lining n���il li Mm,: With wend  Iik int itmns th" piust 1. 1 bid the nee  nu nil ill tli iui-:li Ine giew nnd cut it  nnnv with 11 |,nire nf pun-a gold, no hisu  lnil.il Iciti): nllm oil tn tniiili it. As the  twi^s fell 1 lit x weie 111, mil liclow 111 n  man lie of ^poili^s nluiiut vi.  A   Wtte   Boy.  -It's    (>   o'clock.  Lot's  go  I'i 1st   Boy  borne  Si i 0 -il Rov ���Nit If we go home now,  we'll net In kid fei/st.iMn* ont sn late.  If we stni till h oclock. wt'il get hii:;���-cd  au' kissed fei nut beni' iliowaecl.  Needed n  Hire  Feed. >  "I am suflVw mg fwom liwmn fng. ductal! " snnl S .npheililo "Fish is good for  that, isn't it'.'" 1   i ..  "Vci v goyd," replied the doctor. "Suppose }oti begin with a" medium sizie1  wbale eveiy inoinlitg foi'bie.ikfast.'!  v  The idea of during piles with a water  jet was hollowed bv eiiginceis from (he  clam, a small shellfish which bui.ow-s  twelve to fouueeu menes into haid sand  l'1   ','lld by ll"u n.nf,,,,. TIIE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY..  , PEBiRITAiRTl.lsail  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY IN  THE INTERESTS OF THE (MASSES  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT     OF     FLACK     BLOOK,  HASTINGS STREET,  VANCOUVER, 11. C.  SUBSORU-TIONS IN  ADVANCE.  A week, fi cents; month, in cents; three  months, 35 cents; six months, OS cents;  one year, >��1.'.S.  ENDORSED HY TIIE TRADES AND  1-iAHOR COUNCIL, TIIE VANCOUVER I^AUOR PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL,.  SATURDAY FEliltl'AKY 1, l'JIM  nels of Horsefly, says the Journal, are  'greater in extent and richer than those  In California. In all likelihood there  will be a bis rush to the new placer  goldfields  this spring.  The time Is drawing very near when  tiie trackmen will 'be expected to  present their demands for a new schedule and agreement to the C. P. R. management. Tills must be done by a properly selected and representative protective board, and It' such board is not  nlready In existence, not an hour should  be lost in selecting and instructing it  for Its work. *\Ve are informed the  work must all be finished not 'later  ih.in tbu month of March.  Lt ROI STRIKE: StTIttO.  We extend congratulations to the  mineis of Rowland for the niaiily light  they fought since July 1st, 1901, culminating, as it aid, in il settlement of the  great sti ike at the Le Uoi mine nt C.30  p. m. on [I'rklny hist. Accoulingto the  llossland World, the miners received  notice from the Kinelleriiien's union of  Northport, a lew days previous to the  termination ot hostilities-, in whose  sympathy thu sti ike at .the Le Roi was  primarily culled, that the smellcrmen  did not consider that the Ro-'slnnd union could be of Iin ther assistance to  ���them by r'.'inaining out, if satisfactory  conditions could be received sit tho  mines.  Negotiations- wihlch had been opened  resulted in :i proposal, wliich wns accepted by the union, by a ballot vote on  the 2:ird. This acceptance and llie siK-  natuies by ihe parties brought the  strike to an end, so far as Ihe Le Roi  mine is concerned, and by mutual con-  Kent nonoof the oonditiions will he ma. Ut  Dublic.  Negotiations are- being carried on  xvlth the other mining companies which  it is hoped may lead to a settlement of  the strike al all the mines of the camp.  Meanwhile the strike continues in force  at all other properties from wliich thu  men xxere called out.  The executive committee advise men  working in all outside camps to keep  away from Rossland for the present,  as there are more union men there than  can secure employment until a scttle-  -nent has been efl'eoted vvith the other  mining companies.  PROVINCIAL POLITICS.  Next week the liberals, of this province ���will meet in conclave to consider  the adoption of party lines in provin-  , cial politics, and many hold that the  stand then taken will have an important bearirg upon future 'legislation at  the Capital City. If" Party lines, as  suggested, are decided upon, there will  yet be the same old bugbear of "ins"  and "outs" ns at present. The fact of  the whole ^matter Is that British Columbia needs a new party altogether,  wilh a clean-cut line of action, moro  substantial and robust than can possibly emanate from either of the old  fossilized parties of eastern Canada.  This is, strictly speaking, a. working-  man's province. Hence the only party  with a policy or platform that can lift  them out of the'political "slough of despond," which this province Is hopelessly head over heels into, is that of the in-  'dependenrt. laibor iparty. T.h$ action of  either conservatives or liberals should  not deter the independents one iota.  The tramway people deserve credit  for the-success with wihlch they  nut  The eighth annual exhibition of t^io  Vancouver Poultry and Pet Stock Association closed ye-terdtiy. It was one  of the largest and most successful  .shows ever 'held In ihe 1'iicllle Northwest. The .indues ivave the bon ot  satisfaction. They \v��.:e: Fur poultry,  F. \V. llitnlicoi-l;; pit game, R. (J. J.  Jle-F.ii-lnnc; pigeons, Alex. Van. AYyc-k.  .Viimh praise Is due the secreeljrj', J-  O. Dixon, .is well as the other oillcers,  for llieir un'liring zo.-il and work.  the snowstorm.  In the State of Washington, cheating  at cards is legally held to be Inrc-my.  In Montana It Is simply a ease of suicide.  A wise copper-head on the Montreal  Herald says that the people of British  Columbia are so rich that 'they insist  upon paying five cents for u two-cent  stamp. No mlninc country should  have a smaller coin than the nickel.  ��� A' smile went over the faces of the  B_lde>rmen wlhon the city clerk rend a  letter on Monday night asking for per-  Tf'-oilon to 'locate a bootblack stand in  connection with fh<* Carnegie library  ���puildlng.   ���'What a. snap In sight:  Journalism I have forsaken. No opening for good work. Women fill the  U. S. bill with emotional, tommy-rottic,  emtio, and neurotic slush, and find  peady readers, and may the Lord have  sneroy on their souls.���George Hope, In  Oeroldton (W. A.) Express.  The Ashcroft Journal ls nothing if  not enterprising'. Its issue last week  ���was devoted entirely to the mining Interests of Cariboo. The ancient chan-  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  'that both governments have decided to  leave the matter to a referendum, requiring 60 iper cent, 'in favor of prohibition Ibefore the .booze business will be  shut off. Manitoba Ls not bj- any  means a land of debauchery and Ontario ihas the- lowest average consumption of llifuor of any country on earth.  Notwithstanding t'liis showing, the prohibitionists, In their mad desire to regulate the habits of others- besides themselves, would drive the dealer in booze  Into secrecy, maike him a felon, and  make liars, sneaks and hypoe-ivltes of  those who patronize his "blind pig." lt  really does seem remarkable that In  this day and generation, when tcle-ri-  tlon -and education ure supposed io  rule, these self-righteous people e-in-  not keep their hnnils off oilier*, but hi  their consuming anxiety to force .��>-  briety amd tlie glory of Clod on the un-  regenerate will make lavvxs to throw  their uiifoi'tumue neighbor Into prison  for doing that which education, not  force, should teach. Mm not. to do.  Sandon 1'ay.stiea'k.  I The Store  f wifha Purposef  t  i  9  9  Look ine;  backward,   the reason J  of ihis  store's existence (decided *  nine years ago) was a uooil one. ?  lie iri I.,  niul  wc  think  wo   lnivu  pi'uvi.'ii    tu    sonic    extent,    iiml  tlii'ii: is room  in this Sny (or h  stent' that sells satisfactory uuiil-  ilics on a small intirijiii of ;-roll t.    Kroin the very lieiiinniiii; wu  wnrkeil  (,'tnil  to the best of i ur  ability) on the principle Unit the  tons  iliufc buys  largest can  selli  no <0 fUfin&fes ostc 4&vAA!<npte��/  on/  t the cheapest,   the store  iliut    is  A liiu-l fair with its customers mnl  A fives the licsi xttluc- : !���- '--  j not the greatest, ninti  t Tin: .same principle n  Woik Without Ceasing.  Laboring .men in America woik ten  hours a clay! No lost, haul. Miuek motion all the time. Talk of hm-nlim tho  candle at bulb end.-,-, they s-ot it nfi.'c  in tho middle also.���Ausliuliun Journalist.  Libellous.  "It. 1*. Rettipiecc. I-Yiguscn, 13. C."  i.s not the "secretary of 'uhe Liberal  ,'i.nsot'killon" heie. and unless Vniicou-  verite.s uon.se sending hlni notices and  convention lite-ra'tiiie nl once, he will  enter an net I on for defamation of character.���Laide.ni   Eagle.  K  A Suggestion fiom Snilft.  pllng might not 'have gen jumped  on and moppet! over the Moot quite so  ���badly If. instead of speaking of the  Hrilish oMicors as '���(la.nneled fools at  the wicket," ho hurt said t'hat they had  bats in their belfries.���Bobcnygeon Independent.  Rent aud Interest.  What an appalling amount of rent  nnd inteiest there must bcpiiid to foreign landlords liy lessees in such cities  as Vancouver and Victoria. One-half  of t'he amount���if paid io the city itself, whicli should own itliem���would  pay all expenses and have lots left for  beautifying their natural opportunities.  Let the Foreign leeches be shaken oft  by Canadians.���Lndreau  Eagle.  Saloon vs. Ohurch.  When tlio ohurch ipeople can supply something lo take its .place the saloon .will die. Wilicn the church ceases  lo be n -select social club where only  accepted orthodox people may enter in,  and becomes a democratic club where  all a.re welcome, llien it will become a  force which t'he saloon will be bound to  resnect. lt 'is not for the whiskey th it  most -men frequent the isaloons; lit is  for the .society.���Sandon Paystreak.  As to Retrenc'hment.  The Sim 'has  rreely given Mr.   Mu  look ctcdit for his general management  of the post oflice department, and for  the reforms which he introduced.   But  the country will not approve of cut  ting down the small salaries and com  missions    while    continuing .the  pay  merits  to  the  railroad  and   steamship  companies    without    reduction.    As a  rule railroad companies, both in Canada nnd  the United States, aa-e overpaid for their services lh enrrylros the  mails, and much might be done 'In securing   a   reduction   of   rates in this  quarter.   'Phis Is a, line which Mr. Mulock might   follow- 'Instead  of  catling  down the remuneration    of the rural  Hopes to be Excused.  There is ibitter evidence ot tlie racial  feeling in 'tlie Southern States In the  protect a main sentenced to death in  Mississippi ),as .made against helm?  hanged on the same gallows wllh a  negro. Rather Hunt he thus humiliated, 'he would prefer not 'to be h.tniscd  at all.���Montreal Star.  ���-i^-<>;!v��-i^:(<'}i{��-i{s>^s>>i;s>.i;��^  |       ON HIS ROUNDS.       f  <j��     By II. Williamson, ol The Independent,    J?  <fc!{^-i{��}i{s��i-s>;!^.!.4._.i^;i{*.K*>K*-!t  When I iirriv-ea at Agassiz I met Mr.  .). Lennon, one of the gentlemen who  represented Uie traiikmen at Montre-il  during the late sliilee. To the men, I  must say tliey could not have found,  from 'the Atlantic to the PaclUc. n better man for t!h:it very arduous nosition  he so mbly lilled.  At Hoiks I had the pleasure of meeting llr. Davenport, an old subscriber,  and was recoived right roymlly by him  and the oilier boys located there. 1  did not go across tlie river, where the  place is usually called Hope. That  place i.s ivory quiet, 'but, on the other  hand, the settlement on this side hns  been going ahead, so mil oh s-o t'hat  new one can get almost anything he  wishes for at the general store heie.  At Yale I sa,w President Nichols, of  (he Yale local, in tlie evening. 1 iput  up a.t Revcsbeck 'Brothers' house. This  ihotel is one of the oldest and best on  the line, having been doing business for  the past '20 years. It was formerly run  by the father of tlhe present popular  iproprietors. Generally opeoiklnir, things  at present nre not 'britfk in 'these .pnrU.  The weather has been cold the past  few days-, in fact it was cold enough to  freeze up the 'town water works.  the host values is !*'iin;j lo  mint ni* tr.itlu.  applies today.  Iteeaii-i: this Store is tlio largest  Dry (looils Store in the city, do  nol   overlook   the   fact    wo   are  living to fiet your truths liy  of-  leiiim  you  (|imlilivs  tlint satisfy  at  prices you   will  certainly    lie  snti-lieil  with;   for our  policy   is  In -nlisfy our customers, n pol- J  iey   lhat  lias   caused   us   to    ex-A  tend    niir   sioic   spnee  to   threo^  I inn-  the extent it was _! years *  ���  t  t  dffinAijui if r  Jft& /Udw  Waif a  incite!  UH.KECT   DHI'.SS R1I4  V031 F.N.  170  o  Cordova  ?  St.,    Vancou  ���  ver.j  postmasters and mall carriers.-  Sun.  -Weekly  Barbaric Exhibitions.  It is surely time that parliament,  even unchir ordinary circumstances,  should be opened In a manner bent-  ting Its dignity. TVirbtrlc exhibitions  of military pomp nre entirely out of  harmony witli free Institutions and if  the Ungll.sh people valued the freedom  which their fathers won for them, they  would protest ngnlrort the depreciation  of parliament by militarism. It Ib the  delight of "Hoverelgns mid sti teamen"  to advertise on every great state occasion tlielr abiding fnllh In bayonets  and dum-il'iims, but every sci'Iouk student of history knows that empires  which trust to ibrme force for their  .stability must perish sooner or Inter.  The power of England has always consisted in the number of good men and  women she ban reared and in the  strength of the moral posltloln they  have enabled iher to hold.���Reynold's  Weekly.  Prohibition  and  Prohibitionists.  The prohibition agitation In Manlto-  Joy a large patronage,  ba and Ontario is becoming so Intense j Bend .first rate.  Spuzzuju is but a small hamlet, where  two section ci-evvs and a regular watch  man are located. Also there is a. good  school ihere, and a few Indian ranch-  eries. The people though are all very  contented.  North Bend is quite a thriving place,  bolng a divisional point on .the gie-it  C. P. R. The round house aind extensive .railway yards .malice It necessary  for the company "to emiptoy a large  number, of hands. I met Mr. Smith,  wiho is an old-timer here, and also Mr.  Kelly, another old subscriber. He says  The Independent Js without ILs equal  ns a w-orklngman's paper in British Columbia. The hotel at North Bend ils  run by Mr. Lewthvvaite, who is an expert hotel main. He is well spoken of  by his numerous guests. Thu place lias  till the conveniences of a. city ihotel,  soon as hot and cold water, baths, etc.  A splendid dining room is also att.ich-  ed, where, the very best is provided on  the bill ot fare. You have never "to~w7ilt  for your meals, as willing and polite  waiters are ever ready to attend to  your Wants. In their work they are  equal to amy of our ibest union ones  In Vancouver. North 'Bend Is happily  fixed for the education of the young  folkfl, for 'here 'there In n tlrst-elass  sdhool house, In charge of a most elll-  cient and .painstaiking 'teiiohur, *Mlss  I_ewis, formerly of New- Westminster.  Thin thriving town might also be designated aa "a city of olroroliex." The  denominations having iplnces of wor-  nhlp are the Presbyterians, ithe Church  of Kngland and the Roman Catholics,  Tlie Indians also ihave their usual  meeting plnce. Mr. MoKay, ithe 1'irn-  byterhin minister here, Is a young man  wiho ihaa rapidly tome to the front In  Jils profession, anil now rankR ns one  of ithe few ulble preachers on the Pacific  coasL Tlie different congregations are  good and true, and 'provide liberally  for the support of their churches. Mr.  Lyons and Mr. Arnolt, both energetic  business men, are the proprietors of  rival general stores. Both places cn-  I like North  NOTICM IS GIVEN that application will  be mailo .to the Parliament of Canada,  at its next sittings, for leave to lncor-  PmnUi a company cjilleil thei "Coast  Yukon Railway," to construct, equip, and  opurnio it liiilvvay ,lrom a point, at or  mar Kitimuat Inlet, Douglas Channel;  thenco io a point on the Yukon river,  thence by tho most feaslblu route to  Dawson.  WITH I'OWER to construct anil own  heals, tloeks and wharves; telegraph and  telephone lines; and to generate electric  pnwer for he.'U.ing, lighting and motive  power: find for leave to collect tolls, and  to make trnlfln arrangements Incidental  lo  ihe said  railway.  Dated nl Vancouver, B. C, this ilsl  d,tv ol January. 3902. .    -  V. G. JIACDON'ULL,  __ollclior for Applicants.  SOCIALISTS' EXECUTIVE.  The executive meeting of the B. C.  ���Sociinllst party met in this city on the  1','th inst. They decided, in view of  the fact that so few of the locals have  sent in repoils or vote on plaitfoi-ni  ind constitution, to extend the time  'till February 1st. As there Is urgent  need or getting into ���perin.anelnt shape  all locals desiring to vote on these propositions must send In returns hy tint  date. Correspondence was received  from the following locals: Victoria,  Nanalmo, Revelstoke, Greenwood, Nelson, Lndj-smitlh and G. Weston Wrlg-  ley, Toronto; J. Cameron, organizer,  and Miss Merrill, of Nelson. The secretary was instructed to prepare and  have ���published early in February, a  complete statement of receipts and expenditure; to write J. Cameron, testifying their high appreciation of his  work as organizer; also to write'ito local at-Nanaimo and try to clear up nn  apparent misunderstanding. Present:  T. 'Mathews, J. Dodd and 15. Burns.  Ernest Burns, secretary, 13(1 Powell  street  Vancouver.  Ernest Burns, executive secretary  Vancouver, (in a letter lo the Socialist,  Seattle, s-aj-s: "My socialism is of a  more elastic quality than that of some  ultraorthodox comrades, jviho liave reduced socialism from a iphi'losophy to  a creed, and regard the slightest questioning of their tenets and dogmas as  heresy of the most outrageous type.  We have mow entered upon an era  when the iprindples of socialism will  have to be applied! to our dally life.  Tliis work is right before us and will  not commence���as so many of Wie comrades imagine���after some industrial  catastrophe 'has occurred ln Which the  'economic fabric ot capitalism xvill fall  to ipleces, leaving the 'ground free and  clear for socialism; on tlie contrary,  we have to grow Into socialism  from present conditions, just as  feudalism  grew-  Into    commercialism,  > ���<���������������������� ����������0���������������������� �������������������  <>  a  it  o  <���  <��  it  o  ..  o  <���  <���  i>  <>  o  <���  <>  <���  <>  o  <>  o  o  <���  <>  <>  o���  <>  <>  o  a day���a month, Is the common excuse. It was what tlie captain  ot a vessel salel���on returning from itihe ivoynge ho .xvould insure. . But  he never caane back. The vessel xvas xvrecleed; he was lost; his family  waa stranded,  too, financially,   by his .procrastination.  No other time is equal to the mttsent moment for Life Insurance In  cost and opportunity, and no policies surpass those of thk> Union  Mutual ln privileges and values.  Details sent free.  Union Mutual LifelnsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Hkad Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.,  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  1 >������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  ��������  The disesfioD of Fit  ���������  Never needs to keep men from wenrim: our Clotliing. They must lit. or yon  musii't take thorn���just so as to style, cloili anil appearance. We buv_ tliu best  materials inaile in Europe or America, selected by experts of long experience anil  trained observers of fashion's chances. Our largely increased aud increasing business shows that they are right. Why not avail yourself of this opportunity to ���  ilresB well anil save money.  Prices $10.00,' $12.00 anil $15.00 and upward per suit.  CLUBB   ��>   STEWART,  Telephone 702. ���     " 1G0 Cordova Street.  clearing away .the r5bbisirof~bb>iblete  socialism on the one hand and'laying  the foundatlona for the temple of Industrial democracy wiherever we can  find chance to work. This concurrent  process of development and decay takes  place In all organic life, not excepting  the Institutions of society itself. Constructive .practical work in of far more  service than revolutionary uir fanning  or unintelligent repetition of atoek  phrases or revolutionary Jargon."  1,11st Sunday evening Mr. J. N. Boult  tlelivervd a very Instructive lectuTe before an appreciative .audience at Socialist hall, 1��3 Powell street. The  subject was Socialism nntl War.. A  friendly discussion after the lecture  was participated Iru by Comraxles  Akien. of Nanaimo, J. 'Dodd, E. J.  Huron and J. Flommlng. To-morrow  ovenlng Mr. Ernest Burns will be the  principal speaker Ms subject being  TU-fomi or Revolution.  PARIS GREEN, HBL&BBORB  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT WORM and  other insects���for mle by tin McDowell, Atktao, Watson Ooapuij., The  Drutirtets, Vanoawnetr.  ABSOLUTELY   PREE.  DO YOU WANT TO EARN A BKAU'raJFUL. WIATOH (for ,nien or ladies)  by using only n few- moments of your spun: time? Everyone wonts a watch  ���and wc offer ti BEAUTIFUL ONE A33SOLUT13LY-E1R1DB for introducing our  Miracle Pills. Boys or girls can earn these watches toy ispaaiing a few moments, of their time after school. Send us at once your name and address anil  we will vsentl you one dozen boxes of our Mlnacle Pills, whioh we 'have ajd-  vt-rtised so inuoh. Sell these at .'iOc. ti box and send lis $G.0O .by registered  mail and vve xvill send you FREE the watch which wo 'know will please you.  Everybody who hns received one has Ibeen delighted. The watch is filled  case and fully guaranteed for one year. Our pills are 'the best remedy known'  for Dyspepsia, Heart Trouble, .Consti patlon, 'Nervous Diseases, Indigestion,  Blood,Diseases, etc. '"Thoy are easily sold." Do not delay, 'but send your  naime at once and we will send you the Miracle Pills and f,ull description of  the beautiful watch. WRITE TO-DAY SO AS TO BH TIHE FIRST ONE IN  YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD TO BEGIN  WORKING FOR US.  To 'those wishing to get tlie watch with the pills, If theyisond ois a money  order for $3.00. being a reduction of $1.00 we'will send Iwth. the pills and  tho watch. - WRITE PLAINLY.  K. COTE & C1E,  Bic,   Rimouski Cou��ti|> Quebec  ��� SPECIAL OFFER���Should you d��6lrc to see a sample box of our (pills we  will send a full 50c box to everybody sending us l��c   in   etaumpa    Mention '  this paper. ' ,  The"  ���  Having the Only Cp-to-Date Grill Room  in B.C. which in Itself in �� guarantee  of aFlnt-CIa__ Hotel and Restaurant.  Seymour Streeet,  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS.  All waken ���! iU R. C. I. P. A. cu ttuw I till cu4.  Aill I* It ��_X�� ������kll| JTMT poKi-tia.  knmibcd ar thk a r.ori.  ONK'THIM *OtU��l ��IK.  COLOR 18 CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good onlj dnrlnc montho named on right  band corner ami wlian properly ��l*nea aoa  BTAUPtD with th* number of tho Ltxwli *  'iW.  UNION BAKHRTEB.  D. Mulr, Mount Pleasant  IW. Murray, Prior street.  Montreal Bakery, Westminster avenue.  iF. A'dams, Scotch Bakery, Htftlact  street.  IW. D. Kent, �� OordoTt street  J. Oben, Hastings street.  Mlnchen Co., OrsnvIUe Btreet.   ',  Barnwell Bros., GrMivlIle street.  LaTgen * Topiier, OranvHto tfmff,  THERE IS  of Fire or'Injury to"  Health when you use  the  IgfiHT  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets...  The Independent wonts c report at  ���web union roedttotf Mid mown oooeern-  las the mmntoers ot every oivsnlsatltm.  8*Ji reports ��n4 aertra will do _m��o_�� te  sustain and ercMo Interest In the er-  cnntaatkyia. Secretaries are eapeektitr'  untfad to send te Ottm repasts. Ml  rows (roan any iwsrtter elf aa a��s����*-  Mtton "Ml l�� itfsetrod wfit_ pUstiore.  4  i\  it  ' '  H  W$BX3?gtai3agi^ffg3^*!SSWt^^ I .  ffATUIlDAY... ., .. FEBRUARY!, 1902  THE INDEPENDENT.  I����'  I  We should think you would. We don't see how any person can set  through the 'world -without a pair of Shoes. Tour feet deserve to he mado  ���comfortable and you neglect the first sprincliples of comfort If you fail to  wear our shoes.  THE GOLDEN  BOOT STORE,  13 Hastings St. E.  A Union Clerk will wnlt on you.  Hardware, f Stoves,   Ranges,   Etc.'  35  Hastings  Street  East.  0  ���9 lly Smoking 9  I "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," "Spanish Blossom".!  They nre thu best in the land anil made by  Union Lnbor in  KURTZ & CO.'S PIONEER CIGAR FACTORY I  VANCOUVER, 15. C. |>  jCBSf~C:xll 'or tliem and tee thnt you get tlieni. 2  THE SURVIVAL OF TIIE  (By G. It. Maxwell, If. P.)  I  Some may wonder why I should ,con-  -   nect Darwinian nostrums vvith indus-  .trial nnd social conditions, and >et in  my mind theie I.s a connection, and one  not  very desh able    either.    We Qiave  considered the nature of the struggle  for existence.   Theie is no doubt about  it.    Friend and foe of labor and labor  aspirations concede ithat point.   Whore  'men differ'or .piewnd  to  dllfer is .11  the point where the question is askel,  what shall .we do to mend or end it.'  What comes after ithe stiuggle?   What  is the purpose, or meaning,' or reason,  or the end of the struggle?   We hear  now a large number of scientific voiced  shouting with' nil their might, the end  -   is   the suivi'vnl  of the fittest.    I  nsk  my, reader's attention to.this Darwinian doctrine.   I do so for two reasons:  First, bec.Kiuse ire are becoming very  ,   scientific.    Science so-callled Is a popular god witli n great many.   Anything  ihat has the nippearance of being scientific, or that is called scientific goas  P    among a certain class   ol"   mien,   ant  it is science, science nl Ithe time villi  v-      them.    A passage from a statement o��  Darwin's is of far more value than one  ���Groin Mosesi ami a doctrine enunciated  Iby the author of t'he origin of species  fe believed In..preference  to anything  taught  by any  apostle.    Yes/ vve are  becoming very scientific.   The question  ,", now is, what does science say, or what  ���do scieniti'flc teachers say?   It is forgotten at itlmes,   that what is often  'palmed  off for science'is as different  itroni  true science    ns plated gold  is  from tlie pure article- from the mine.  .Just aa theologians have not interpret-  ,   ed the Bible might, so the Interpretn-  tions of so-called  scientific    teachers  thiave not been always the true teaching of true science.,We are Tjoing bound  up. enthralled aTid enslaved iby so-called science.   Of course, I mean by that  ���simply current day conceptions, Jdeas,  notions,  and views of science.'  With  'i great imnny th'e Bible .either oeoii-  .pies a secondary-place or Is regarded  .as an obsolete ibook.   I wnnt to show  the,evident trend .of all this.   I want  to show that when the race beeoimop  .  thoroughly and  completely permeated  'v"vviith these scientific notions, that the  .   best part iin, every man   will become  atropihled. .That may sound strange,  :yet it-seems ito one a true statement.  . _ "What Is the conception of man .tnlight  . to-day by scientific imen?  Wlhy, miian I.s  ���Blmply-held to ibe am animal.   Nothing  more, and nothing less.   The Idea of  man Ibeing made after ithe likeness of  ���od, or a little lower than the angels,  Is iheld to be a pious Action,   As I have  . .said before, nmike mian a 'brute, think  -of him, and speoik of ihim. as a brute,  and you -will soon treat him. as a brute.  The 'tendency of ull sue ih thought ti.id  ���deeds will be to petrify the noble 'fe_>l-  Ingn.    Rank materialism - ends in killing ull thnt is Ibest and subllmesl ln  Uie contents of a, man's nature, and nil  _you have left Is a learned or unlearned,  a, cultivated   or uncultivated    brute.  When this Ib  Thoroughly Grasped,  *heni tlhe a/llipowerful,  the capitalists  will hesitate to do anything for one  ��� -who ls born a 'brute and dies a brute.  I put the cane strong,' In oil Its roughness, ��o that you may dearly Bee what  this soientiflc materialism means, and  whither we are drifting. Secondly,  this so-called science, consciously or  unconsciously, intentionally oi* unlnten-  ' tionally, destroys sympathy" ton those  ' who struggle, and reality justifies the  struggle with -all tho attendant ovils.  We -ire told 'In the name of science that  this is a law of nature, and thait ni-  ture  'must 'ihave   t'h'is   .struggle,   must  have this    misery,    wieck    and    ruin  nnicng -men   and   women   In   order   to  sucuie the survival of the fittest.    "\Vo  are fiught that theie is such a pio-  ue.-s us natural selection,  t'hat  nature  is .always .seeking for  a  better  oi- n.  fitionger species, and thait the struggle  for existence is the way by which na:  ture attains her ends.    Xon-I say in  nniiiu-cr to all this, Unit if such un ide.i  is  to be  lifted   up.  anil  enthroned' ns  the truth In our human life, I see nothing' ahead line a return to savagery.   It  such tin idea is lo dominate us. It will  block the wny towards any just solution of our present social evils.   If men  will believe  lliis, their hands will be-  con.e  tired,   t'lioir  heart'; villi    become  ns haul-as stones,  and   tho war will  go on with more cruelty than ever before.   Istar, the non-moral power, will  demand, and wull got her 'human sacrifices.     The   hands   of   time   will   go  hack.   Tho fatherhood of God, and the  ibrothcihoort     or    m:in,     will     heroine  myths,  and  the old sentiments  which  used to Bvveeten hum and toil and hu-  ���nnn tears will disappear, leaving nothing but brute 'instincts and brute .passions.    I hold such  teaching' to ibe  a  f.i-iiiid. a Plrni'm, a, delusion and a, snare.  To me it has only to be stated in all  its nnlltetlneso In order to he condemned.    Men may call It science, 1 call it  a vile aibom'inatlon, a ghoulish fancy,  a, sannge sentiment, and a brmlnl enthronement  of .bruile .power.    I_et  us  now- plane ourselves In the hands- of the  evolutionist for a. short 'time, nnd lot  us listen to his teaching.   Mr. Klclil, in  social evolution, say*, this orderly and  'beautiful world Which rwe see around  us, is now, nnd'has always been, the  scene of Incessant rivalry between all  the forms ot life inhabiting  it.    This  rivalry Is not chiefly conducted between  different  specie*,   but   between  members of the samp species.    The plants  ln the green sward beneath our feet  are engaged in silent rivalry with enc.-n  other,  a  rivalry   which   If allowed'to  proceed   without outside   Interference,  would know- no pause until the weaker  were  extenmlnated.    T.he   trees   of  the forest which, clothe and beautify  ���the landscape are In a state of nature  engaged In .the same rivalry with ea,"ih  other.    Left to themselves they  fight  out, as .unmistakable  ���Records Haive Shown,  a stubborn    struggle   extending over  ceiiturles-in-w Iiloli-at-lust -only those  fonms most suitable to 'the conditio���  retain   their  place.      Passing' up   the  scale you see the same flgiht going on.  Coming to animal life, the struggle becomes more intense and1   more cruel.  We are not touched by .plant  life as  we are touched by nnlmnl life.   In the  former the struggle is an unconscious  one.   In the other It Is fearfully conscious, and vve first become sensible or  blood, ]>aln,-.ibltter pathetic cries, hunger, and nil those things which appeal  to our sympathies.    Prof.  Di-utuniond  gives us one view of the survival of  the '.litest.   An" Island Is wooded from  end to end.    If we visit it In nutuinn  vve mny cocunt a thousand birds; if we  visit it again   In  spring we 'find   the  number 'reduced to a hundred.   Why?  The biological answer in that only birds  of .the quickest .wing, the most cunning  ways, and the strongest imuucle iha.ti  surv_yed.   In the heart of the island  there Is a little pond, wihlch 'has been  filled with the winter's rain. 'It teems  wiith all 'kinds of life, but as the summer 'goes on, and  no railn fulls,   the  pond begins to dry up, and one by one  the-:creatures   perish.     Among    the  myriads, of forms of life there are a  few curious tadpoles who, because of  tlielr having a certain apparatus inside 'or breathing air, survive, .while  the others ihave perished.   That .is the  quiet  way of nature by    which    sihe  ���chokes oft those *who are unfit,  and  preserves  the Attest.     She ihas.   however,  rougher methods  than  this.    In  a general wny we are told of the war  going on.    Each   goes up  and    down  seeking for whnt It may devour.   Tho  one Is against the rest.   The one thinks  only of Itself.   The animal  will  light,  tear,  kill���lo satisfy   its    needs.   The  strong overcome** tho wenk, 'llie cunning gels ahead of'the Innocent.  Might  Is right.    By sotting one life ngulnst  another, by filling, so to speak, the animal life vvith u desire to light rather  thnn to lliv at pence,  to kill!  rather  than  to preserve, nature   .shows   her  method for getting rid of the untMttut,  and for obtaining the survival of tlu  flttes-t.    We naturally now  turn   our  eyes to man.  Mun starts sus n. savage���  so we are told.   He feels his wants, n ml  towards satisfying these he is prepared  to .flgh't with any man.   You, he says to  another, shall st.'iawe ere .1 starve.   Hy  one way ( and another    ha- comes  to  know the value of land.  "I must haive  this, and 'this. Another says I will have  4t, and so tliey fight, the weakest falls,  the strongest  survives.    So land  was  gobbled up.   By one way and another  lie comes to see the lalue of 'power,  rule,  authority,  and  he  says  I  must  have these.   Another .says, you won't,  and I'll light you for tliem, and so they  light, .the weak going down to-  Slavery or Death,  the    sti-ong    survives.    It's the  name  with  e\eryt'hlng.    Self  is   the spring,  the motive of action.   I must look aft?r  myself.    Every man  who  crosses  this  relf i.s an enemy that, .mutt ibe orushed.  Sr> blood is everywhere, and strength  and cunning'and  wcaoons are everything and everywhere.      This    'Is  the  struggle.    Out  of  this   struggle, have  sprung all despotisms, servitudes,  rapacities, debasements of woman, inhumanities to children, oppressions,  tortures and cruelties.   We 'see the human  brute, and science coolly tells us that  is nature's way to oUtajn the survival  of the fittest.    Natuie puts these horrible things into .him, and he but carries out her will as he goes forth, ravaging,  torturing and1 slaying.   Nature  hulls him as' her .perfect man���the fittest to survive.    At first ith^ struggle  was   an   individual   one-man   ag-iin-st  man.    Then It was a struggle between  house and house,'or elan against clan,  tribe against tribe.    Man   was always  on ithe side of the strongest and most  cunning.   Then the war broaden".   The  nation formed thiough blood and murder,   turns  itself against  another nation, and so your history, wbile lt tells  about the rise and fall of houses, the  rise nnd fall of nations, or tlie triunn-  ���phant causes of great warriors, in reality "Js a sad, sad record of man's inhumanity  to  man.      These  were  rlw  days "when  the i\vea'_c were    ci-usihed,  when children were Milled, when orip-  ples weie led out to  die,   when  girls  were sacrificed, and ijvhen women were  enslaved.   The so-called' scientific man  stands by, and ln the blandest of ways  tells  you  the   picture   Is!  not  a  nice  one,  but look what nature has given  us, .the survival of 'the. fittest.   At this  point Jt is absolutely necessary Ho see  what this phrase means.    We must see  what it comprehends, so ns to have a  'Proper idea of its worth or woi-t'hless-  ness when applied to social conditions.  Is it a chord .worth 'preserving in  the  organ of humanity,"   Some of those wlio  haivie turned their backs on Christianity have swallowed this pill, but Is this  ��i pill fitted to cure the ills of which  we complain?   Can It belp lis to solve  the problem?. The whole strength of  tills phrase  lies In  the   wtord 'fitte3t.  What do they mean by the ".fittest?"  These Darwinians tell us plainly what  they anean. .They say the__word fittest  moral man goes down amd -when the  strong animal stands up���that we have  nature's darling child? To me you have  only to iput the case ln order to see  how we nre opt to be humbugged by  words and phrases   supposed    to   be  strictly scientific.   Scientific men may  talk as they please about mature, about  natural selection, and the survival cf  tihe fittest, but this darling mnn who is  ever kept In view, this .man who clubs  his  fellows-,  or .stalls,   or    shoots   his  brother,   this man    vv-ho   grasps   chls  brother iby the-tin-oat, irolM hlni, cheats  him, anil enslaves him, this man who  ta'kos woman nnd  mokes God's masterpiece a victim of all his horrible and  beastly ,]iu��nluii, Is nothing less than it  strong brute, and Instead of being the  man -morft .llttest to live, becomes the  man we would most desire to see out  of existence.    Look at him as full of  self,   ns  always-looking  out  for  the  main chance, as scheming for his own  aggrandisement,  a  mini  of   strength,  but whose strength i.s a law unto Itself,  and who goes   forth   trampling  rough-shod over  the  rights,  the feelings anil tlie interests of others, and  well may we t,nw a laeJc n day when  the isurvival of thisihideouv monster.is  called the survival of t'he fittest.   'Take  the strongest man living  to-,lay���tiie  man who Is fullest of the animal, put  that man up against the most Intelligent,  tlhe most refined, and  the most  benevolent man living.    No doubt   if  the.v*  fought,   the   strong  man  would  slay the other, but would amy man in  his senses s.-sy that the best man for  life, ifor society survived?    To go on  praising this brute force is highly objectionable, and (to go on praising the  triumphs of the brute as tlie triumphs  of natuie I*s to me arrant   nonsense.  The word .fittest means also swiftest.  Again no m.in  would  condemn  swill't-  ness.   It is a good tiling to have, but  if I ihave read -Homer aright, the swift  of foot vvas not always the .bravest nf  .soldieiv.-.    Swiftness    has    many good  points well -worthy ot praise, but when  you come to estimating human or manly  qualities  by means   of   which  you  come to the decision that the man who  has the most of these or the least cf  these is the fittest cr   the   unfutest���  swiftness is not of much account.  8  We nre offering great bargains In  oak goods, carving sets and smull sterling goods that arrived too late to open  Xmas.   Cull and examine them.  UAVID&ON BROS.  TIIE   JEWlLLfRS.  t*  i,_^'3ga_w^a_^_w__B__i_a__,i  'PHONE 179.  P. O. BOX 29C.  W. J. Mc^SLLAN & ���oe,  Wholusaix Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA, EOUQUET,  OUR SI'ECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  Elf CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  ;'!___8_EBE_^l_3tfMflratf^  Union Directory.  i  The Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   tlio   corner  of Carrall nnd Hastings streets.   Case  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low prico, our 30c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 746 Pender street.  Blue Ribhon Tea is padced in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  THE VANCOUVER TI.ADI-.S .VN'D  l^ilioi- Council iiiu-cts flrsi anil thiiil  Thui-ilny In each month, at 7:'S0 p. in.  President, AV. J. Lamrick: vice-picsldunt,  P. .7. Kussell: seciotdiy, T. II. Cross: financial MXM-et.iry, J. T. Lllley; treasurer.  C. Crowder; sergeiint-at-nrms, C. J.  Salter: statistician, J. 11. JJiowne.  THE RETAIL, CLERICS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets ln O'Brien's Ilall, the first and  Ihlid Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  Phillip, president: TV. J .Lamrick, secretary,  24S Princess street.1-*  JOUEIN'Hy.MlKN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION, NO. 120-Pi c'sldein,  G-. XV. Isaacs; vice-president. Fred Haw;  corretpondlng - financial secretary,  J.  A.  Stewart, ,*>1 Cordova. St; recnuler, C.  D.  Morgan; treasurer. E. (Morgan: guide. ->.  A.   Bradley;   guardian,    P.   .1.   J lennet t;  delegates    tn    T.  &  L.  Council:    C.  TV.  Isaacs and Fred. Hume.   Meets flist and  third  Wednesdays    of    each    niontli   ln  Union Hall.  ci olvS, WAITERS AND 'WAITRESSES  Union, Local No. 2S. President, Chas.  Over; vice-president, W. W. Nelson; recording secretary, Jns. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes: treasurer, Wm. Ellcnder. Meetlng*every Fridav  at S.30 p. m. ln Union Hall, corner Homer  "id Dunsmulr streets.      <  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  Ihe Mint. ;  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class -and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5cents.  In Seattle the carpenters are getting  a minimum wage of $3.50 per day, and  in Tacoma -amd New Whatcom. $3.  means the strongest. Huxley tells us  .thait .the creatures are set to fight  whereby the strongest, the swiftest,  and the imost cunning live to fight another day. He tells us about nn eminent physician who snld, Stuff, said he,  nine times out of ten nature does nol  vvnnt to oure the iman; she wants to  put hlni In his coffln. Istar has no sympathy with the ends of society stuff.  She wants nothing 'but  A Fair Field  nnd free ij>lny for her darling tlie  strongest. No man will say anything  against strength. Where theiv Is health  there will 'be strength, but a. strong  man may he a strong brute, i'ut u  strong man, a Ibrute like some of our  ���modern pugilists, up against the best  type of a man to-day, amd the brute  would send him Into eternity, in .a few  'moments, and In sclent-fic iptirasc we  would ln the triumph of the strong man  leave the sinwlvul of ithe Attest. Is It  so? Would any man possessed of ordinary common sense say that ithe man  most necessary to -this world, .that the  hest man survives; that the Attest man  sunvlves���when the    Intellectual   and  VANCOU'R' TYPOGRAPHICALTNTON".  iNo. 2_�� meets the Inst Sunday iu each  month at Union Hnll. Pi-p.-.lilent. C. S-.  Campbell; vice-president, XV. 3. JlcKav:  secretary, S. J. Gothard, P. O. Box lili;  treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-at-iinnis.  R. A. Stonoy; executive committee. F.  XV. Fowler, J. II. Browne. XV. Rranil,  Robt. Todd; delegates to Truth's nnd  Labor Council, XV. Brand, Robti Todd.  J. H. Browne; delegates lo Allied Trades  Council. F. A. Fowler, W. J. Mclvny and  a J. Marshall.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, "W.  F. M., meets every Saturdav at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President.  R. Aitken; vice-president, C. A. Melvlllu;  secretary, A. Rnpor, Van' Anda, B. R;  treasurer, H. V. Price: conductor, P.  Burt; warden, John Llnklnter.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. lXt-  Meels pecond and fourth Wednesday in  each month in Union Hall. President.*  V\'m. Beer: corresponding secretary, E.  Tlmmlns, 720 Hamilton street; financial  secretary, J. H. McVety, 1211 Seymour  street,  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION"  No. 2. Meets In Labor Hall, Homer  stieet the I.i��t Saturday in each month at  S p. m. Einest Burn*, pie-sidem; Chas.  Durham, secretary, S17 Han-li street.  For stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money book. Oue box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables. Telephone 125.'  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at S p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, John Frlzzell: secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwnlker; conductor, Ed. Mnnntns,"-vvarden. D. Smith;  sentinel, T. Dubberlcy; delegates to  Trade9 and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie  and H. A.  McDonald.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Thursday in Union  Hall, room No. 3. President. G. Dobbin;  vice-president, J. M. Sinclair; recording  secretary, W. T. MacMulIen: ilnancial  secretary, II. S. Falconer; treasurer, J.  Ferguson: conductor, R. MacKcnzle; warden, J. MoLeod; delegates to T. nnd L.  council, Robt. Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M. Sinclair.  JOURNEYMEN HAKCRS" AND CONFECTION liRS' Intel national Union of  A-merlca. Local No. 4(i, Vancouver, II.  O. President. .7.i mi's Webttf-r. vice-president, J. XV. Wilkinson; lcooullng secretary, Murdo iM.'ieLcan, 2721 Westminster  Avenue; financial seoietary, H. McMulUn,  Toronto Candy Co.; troa��iuei- W. "A.  Woods, 35ri Ninth Ave., Ml. Pleasant;  oorresiKHidlncr nccret.ii v* P. R.iwllngs.  Barnwell Bros., Granville street; nias-  ters-at-al ms, F. Moyles and Fred Bartler  delegates to Traded and^Lubni- Council.  F. Rawllngs anil C. J. Salter.  CIGARMAKERS' UNION ,NO_ 357���  Meets the 5irst Tuesday in each month,  tn Union Hall. President, A. . Koehel;  vtce-president, P. Crowder; secretary,  G. Thomas, Jr., 14S Cordova street west;  tieasurcr, S. W. Johnton; sergeant-at-  arms. J. W. Brat; delegates to Trades  nnd I-ibor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  C   Nelson.    BROTHERHOOD   OF  PAINTERS AND "  DECORATORS, Local Union No. 13t  Meets overy Thursday in Labor Hall.  President, XV. Pnvier; vlce-pies-ident, W.  Hallldoy; tecordlng socictnr.v. K Crush,  221 Georgia street; financial seeietnij. A-  Gothard, 822 Howe street, treasurer, H.  MeSorley.   JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  AMERICA, No. . lT'v-lleei s> alternate  Mondays ln room 1, Union Hall. President. F. Williams, vice-president. Miss  Graham; recording secietaty, H. O.  Burrltt; financial secretarv, Walfred  Larson; treasurer, C. E. Nellson; sergeant-at-arms, A. J.  Kennedy. '  ���Telephone 1���2���6 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Drink Red Cross Beer, the beer that's  pure, 76c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Fender street.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the uiin-  eliine of California, 60c boitle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  C. Ellis, corner Gambia and Cordova streets, is the place you can get  your hair out in an artistic, manner.'  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablet* are guarantied to restore falling appetite and  correct, any kind of stomach trouble.  SO c. bos. McDowell, Atklne, Watson  Co.  and  '-Pay'up your subscription to the Independent, it (Joes not cost you much  and you should, not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor paper.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up of the weak"���SOc bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender Btreet.  From Their Nanaimo, feonthfleld and  Protection Island lolllerles,  Steam, Qa& and  House Coal  01 the Following Grades:  Double IScsieencd Lump,  Ruik of th* Mine,  Wi��_��d Nut ��nd'  8_MWI����*l  SAUDSL H. EOBIN8, Saperlntendrnt.  EVANS, COLBMAN ft EVANS, Afents,  Vancouver Oity, B.C.  DELICIOUS WINE  Midk Exclusively from b. C. Fitrrr.  FEESH CUT FLOWERS.  UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip around the  Park call on  WEfc   .Innsa Brockton Point  a V* WOIBC9     Lighthouse  PACflflC  LINE  World's  Scerolc  *  .'!  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  T�� all points ln Canada and the I'ntted 8tatM.  TUB FASTEST AND BEST KQCTPI'BD THAW  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  aitLiMss son jamm and chiha.  Empress of India Dec. M  Athenian Jan. IS  Empress ol Japan Jan. 27  and every four weeks thereafter.  SAILUIB TO* HONOLULU AMD AfSTBALIA.  Aoranfl Jan ]���  Hoana Feb. 7  Miowera liar.7  and every lour weeks thereafter.  For further particulars as to tine rate) el  apply to  E. J.COYLK, JAMES SCLATB  A.O.P.A. Ticket Ajent,'  Veaoeater, B. c *B Huntings Bt,  Vancour��t,B.C_  '������,.;��� A;** <)..-.��� ���'".'.'7' DANGEROUS FISHES.  THEY  ARE   NOT  ALL  CONFINED  TO  THE SEAS THAT ARE SALTY.  The AlllKixtor tinr !��� Ono Freuh Water Species Tlint Is Feared lu tin-  South���A Mystvrlona Milliliter That  Inliublta a MIchiKiin Luke.  So fur as any danger from tlio game  Is concerned, fresh water'llslilng has  always beeu looked upon as about its  safe as any sport lu tlio world, nml the  fresh water tish lias gone on record as  harmless and nonroslstnnt Hut there  nre Instances now anil then when the  llsh turns the table?.. Tlio liiluiblinnls  of Osceola couuty, Mlcli., who live In  the neighborhood of Luke George, nn  iulntid water about three miles long.  arc nlmost superstllloiisly afraid of a  certain llsh that Inhabits that lake. .No  one knows what sort of Hsh It Is. nml  opinion locally Is divided as to whether  It Is a elant iuuskollunge or a sturgeon.  Spearing parties had now and then  reported seeing a very,large llsh without being able to strike It, but no one  gave credence to the talcs until one  night several years ngo, when a pnny  of sportsmen from Chicago went ou the  lake spearing in charge of au olil resident named Armstrong.  Armstrong was the only one that returned to tell the story. He said the  party was spearing In shallow water  when they saw an .enormous llsh that  resembled an ovcrgrowu pickerel. Two  of the Chicago men were standing in  the.bow, and at llrst supposed llie flsh  to be a log. Then one saw his mistake  o* and struck with all his might. The tish  gave a dart that made the boat jump  as though a steam engine were pulliug  It If tho man had let go of the spear,  all would have bceu well, but he hung  on, and tho flsh gave a mighty uop to  right angles with the boat. The man  still held to the spenr, with tho result  that the boat capsized, and the men  found themselves standing In mud and  water up to their waists.  The light went out when the boat tip-  get, and, the night being dark nnd  cloudy, not one of the party had nny  Idea of the direction to be pursued in  reaching shore. The shallow water occupies a large part of the lake, and  they could wander In any direction  without being able to tell whether or  not they were ucarlng shore. Armstrong said afterward that nothing  could equal the awfulness ot the experience that .followed. They made their  way In ono direction after another and  wandered round and round, going half  way to their knees In mud at every  step.  To make matters worse a cold,  ���teady, drizzling rain began to fall.  They wero soon numb to the marrow.  Then one of the sportsmen dropped  without a word, and no one went to his  ���-��� help. Little .by little the three thtit remained were separated. Armstrong  says he himself became unconscious  after a time and remembers nothing that happened until he was roused  by feeling solid ground beneath his  feet and finding that the water was  more shallow than it had been. Up  kept on and fell upon tho shore. Then  'on bands .and* knees ho crawled to  camp and gave the alarm. Search was  ', nt once made for his companions, and  their bodies were recovered.- Since that  time the big flsh with a scar on his  back has twice or thrice been seen by  spearing parties, but they have passed  it by.  There Is one species of llsh ln the  south that Is feared only ./little less  than Its salt water contemporary the  shark.   This is the alligator gar.   It  grows to enormous size and has a bill  hard and bony and much broader tbau  ..the bill of theicommon gar of northern  waters.   One who goes out upon the  lakes of Louisiana nnd Arkansas will  soo them jumping and splashing like  .enormous trout.: Their usual food consists of flsh, and they not only make  endless trouble for those who go fishing   with   minnows,   but   have   been  known to round up and tear to pieces  .bass .which the sportsman has hooked.  -Bathing in the lakes Is considered dangerous.  A negro was sitting ln the stern of a  boat on a lake near Helena, Ark., letting his feet hang over the stern, when  ���a gar grabbed him by one leg.   The  : man hung to tne boat until rescued,  but his leg was horribly, gashed.   The  ���fls_rhave-been"known to"attackin like  manner negroes who went, swimming  In the Mississippi below* New Orleans.  One spring tho writer was visiting a  , rice plantation on the .'.'lower coast" of  the Mississippi when' an old negresi  came walling to the house and said her  flve-ycar-old boy was dead.   Be had  been playing at the edge of a bayou  and Was lying on the bank extending  his nrms )nto the water-when a gar  came witli..!a; rush .and, grabbing the  youngster, by the arm; pulled him Into  'tbe'water.   A youug negro with a shotgun .was standing near watching for  rlceblrds.   He ran to the bank.   The  ;llsh. found It had undertaken a bigger  task than It could well manage, aud a  wild struggle was lo progress between  the gnr und the dying child.  The negro  shot the llsh, but the child died beforo  lt could be taken from tho water.  "POP GOES THE WEASEL"  Kxnluiuitlun of   the Old   FmiilUnl* I'liruau  lu the Olil Sou;:, hk Sltiitf by tliu Lulu  Mt*. "Joilj" Jaliu _Sunli.  "Jolly" John Nash, one of th��  lust of tho old-fashioned music hull  singers, died Oct. Kith at 8 Huclon  ltoud, Kulhiini, aged 73. John  Nush litis been before Ihu public for  many, uiiitiy yenrs. lie began in a  small wny,null was louring the provinces in the sixties with a company known us *Mr. Jolly Nush uud  puny. In 1871 he became chairman und most popular singer ut the  .Strand Music Hull, which stood on  the site of the Guloly Theatre, now  in turn doomed to demolition. Thu  entertainment fulled, but Nash's  reputation wus mil injured in tho  least. Uo records in his ingenious  recollections thut shortly uflcr-  wnrils he had the honor of 'appearing in private before iloyalty, singing "Tho Merry Toper" nnd "liuck-  cty Jaclt." Later successes wero  his laughing .song���a real side-splitter���unci "Now and Then," in which  he commented on tho social delinquencies of the late Mr. Biggin- anil  others. The lloyal wns perhaps the  hull in which he was most appreciated, but it was ut the Tivoli that he  took his benefit in 1890 on retiring  from the boards. The Englc, or  Grecian Saloon, in the City Itond,  inspired thnt immortal ballad, "Pop  Cloes tho Weasel." Why a weasel  .should pop is a mystery that . has  bullied all the efforts of the naturalists to this day.  Mr. Henry Hcymnn, 170 Now Bond  street, W., writes: in your very  interesting obituary notice, on Mr.  "Jolly" John Nnsh your con-  tributoi\nuotes the old song, as per  above heading, and snys: "It has  always remained a mystery to naturalists und others why a weasel  should pop." If you will'allow me  to explain tho meaning oi the term  I think it will be perfectly clear to  all nnd sundry why this docs happen. The word weasel, in the slang  of the period, meant the family  plate, or something of equal value,  therefore tho jingle:  Up and down tlie City Road,  In and out the Englc,  That's the way the money goes.  Pop goes the weasel.  It' stands to reason that after tho  wild expenditure of careering up and  down the City Road, paying the adr  mission and concomitant expenses in  the Englc, the best means of replenishing the purse, was to "pop the  weasel," anglicc, pawn the family  jewels or plate. It strikes me as  a greater mystery why such a song  ever took the town, though wc have  in Inter days Iind equally insane and  idiotic ditties,; to wit, "Ta-rn-  ra-boom-dc-ny," and others, , which  most of your renders will, no doubt,  be able.", to'call to mind.���London  Telegraph.  O'fl Knffllnli I.nw A^uliiHt CoT��rnd Muttons  One of the Inst surviving of the  old Engl ish sumptuary laws,; now almost forgotten, but considered of  great importance in maintaining one  brunch of ShcHield trade,' was that  directed against covered buttons.  The town dealt largely in horn buttons of different kinds for common  wear, as wcll:ns in metal: and plated  bottons for the bettor class of coats,  waistcoats and gaiters. From 1720  to tho end of the century the town  annals show that there was considerable though fitful zeal, under, the  statute of 8 Anne, against the vendors and users of covered., buttons.  In 1791 a tailor wns convicted in a  penalty of 40 shillings a dozen; for  setting covered buttons on a gentleman's waistcoat, and tho wearer in  a like penalty for appearing in a  garment thus, adorned. General action was taken against oflcnders by  tho. master and journeymen button-  makers '������ ot Sheffield as late as 1802,  but tho magistrates gave so "little  encouragement to these prosecutions  that the law, though it long remained:1 unrepealed, fel 1 from. that time  into desuetude.  BIG LIQUOR BILLS.  Some Surprint-* in llciceut stutlstles of tho  Urlllih ltnuril ot Triitlc.  Tho liritish Bonn! ot Trade recently issued some interesting statistical nm tier with reference to the  production nml consumption if alcoholic liquors in ilm United Kingdom,  l'Vimce, Germany tint! the United  States. The figures iiru likely to  .sm prise people who arc .iiifiiuiilinr  with tlio subject  The ftilliiwini; tallies ure compiled  from returns i-erriveil from the United .States in 'rt-'l'.i; with one exception they cover llie returns ut .1900  iu the other countries iiunieil, uml  the llrst of them litis to do with  the governmental revenues from nl-  cohoiic beverages:  United   Kingdom  Kronen      (icTiuuny    United States''...  Net rev.   Prnpor. to  rnuii tux tot. nnt'l  cm drink, revenue.  .SI7.*��7ii.i>00 :til]ii'i < t  .IBO'H.IX'O v.i per ���*  . i:',,7l".IKIfl IS per ft  . WMHiS.UOO ill per ct  It . will be seen that the liritish  Government collects a'greater revenue, by about S12,000.000, from  alcoholic linuors thnn France and  Germany combined, and about SS.-  000,000 more than the "Jni'.ed  States. The consumption of wine in  the four countries is ns follow*-  Total  eotisiiin.,   I'or nil.  tiiitlniis,   t'allmn.  United  Kingdom   ......    iri.SKi.HOO      !).31)  Franco'  DKUiW-OOO    25.40  Ucrnmny  ��l,(-:n.000      l.'r>  United  Stutes  25,310,000 .   0.33  This serves to prove U'ui Tit.nce  is maintaining her old reputation ns  tho greatest wini.'-amsuming country in the world, while it fails ; to  show that-Americans are making as  much headway as supposed in changing from the so-called heavy to the  so-called light drinks. '  Que of the most .surprising of the  tables, however, is Unit covering tho  consumption .. of beer, the United  Kingdom leading tho United  und falling not so very far  Germany.  Totnl  coti.siun..  pn lions.  United Kliurilom  (1000)   ,_,2'.)S,"nG00!)  31.7  France   (WOO)    ...........l.KJS.HU.lHiO . ti.a  Gr-nminy   (1S599) 1,5-!".S7S,()00 27.5  United  States  (1890)   ....   U'H,210,(XK>  13.3  The per capita consumption of beer  in the United Kingdom is greater by  about 4 per cent, than in Germany,  while it exceeds that of Franco by  about 25 per cent, and that of the  United States by about 18 per cent.  Belgium and Bavaria, it seems, are  the: only countries in the world that  exceed the United Kingdom in the  per capita consumption of beer, that  of the former being 47 gallon**, of  the latter 54 gnlIons per. head.  Tho table relating to spirits has  another surprise to offer:  Total  States  behind.  Ter hd.  Billions.  consum.,. Per I'd.  gallons, gallons.  . 45tSOO,000 1.12  . 78.452,000 2.02  107.100.000 1.04  1.06  United Kingdom (1000)  France������' (HUM)      Hermit nv   (1000)     I  United States (1S00) , 81,000,000  Contrary to the popular idea, Germany takes the lead as the consumer  of strong drinks, although the per  enpita consumption is slightly greater in France. The Uni'ed Stntes  falls liclow, or rises above, the: United Kingdom, as tho case may be,  in this table, and, notwithstanding  tho reputation of Americans ns whiskey drinkcis, they consume n less  quantity of ardent spirits per capita  than any of tho others.  Tlior;Klni;'n Stuto Currlage.  King Edward's state carriage is  worthy of a. detailed description. It  was made for George III. nearly a  century and a half ago, from '.���.���.tlio  design of Sir. William Chambers, the  distinguished architect. It weighs  no less than four tons. The '������ panels wero painted by Cipriani, the  door-panel^ being embellished ' with  the Royal ~A mis,' inti-ue heraldic colors. On each side panel appears  tho collar, of the Order of the Garter, with .the figure of.St. .George  and tho: Dragon.'.  A little upright gilt ornament, in  tho design of which the rose, thistle  andishamroclc-iaro^inti-oduccd.ii-.uns  round tho roof, on which are represented the crown and sceptre. The  hammer cloth is .in'scarlet with  heavy gold fringe and tassels. A  centro ���" panel of . dark blue velvet  bears the Royal Arms in gilt: relief.  The curringc is over 12 feet high, 8  feet 4 inches broad, and,tho, .rear  wheels over'0 feet in diameter: 'It  contains a large amount of glass and  ��7,000,.. was" 'expended in1, it's construction.     ���       '"' ' -    ' -  "  The Right of Detente.  In the course of a trial nn English  Judge Is reported to have said: "The  laws of God and man both give tbe  party nn opportunity to make his defense,'If he has nny.: .1 remember to.  have heard It observed by a very learned inula upou, sticb an occasion., that  even. God. himself did not pass sentence upon Adam before be was called,  upon to make his defense. 'Adam/'  Kiiys God. 'whi'ie art thou? Hast thou  omen of the tree whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?'  Aud the same question waa put to Eve  (ilso."  To l'rfivent Cnlliiloua nt .^en.  dipt. Brinkworth , of Gloucester,  England, hns designed a curd which  is to 'bo' used in' connection with fog  signals. His idea is to havo a  schedule'of signnls which will Indicate the way a vessel Is moving. Ho  has compiled a list of these signals  corresponding to the various, points  of tho compass, to' which-the card  answers as a key, so that when a  vessel blows a certain signal a glance  at tho��� card.will give .her direction,  and tho commander.o' a vessel hearing it; can act accordingly. The  system now in.use of simply blowing long bln'sls . is very, unsatisfactory and confusing, since It gives  ho indication of the course of the  approaching vessel.  Bis Crops of.Wood.^      .f '    '^  Russia produces 240 milllon'poiirida  of- .wool a* year,, tho I recorderor - * Europe; England comes next," with 1G0  millions;-���'������ then , Franco, with" .126.  millions. Australia m-oduces 420  millions, and tho United States 320  millions.  .London's Severest Whiter.  The great snowstorm, when tlie  Thames .was frozen over for nearly  four months, occurred in. 1083-84.  The frost continued without intermission: from December to February,  snow coming down almost continuously, so that some parts of the  country were well nigh impassable.  To add to the discomfort a bitter  oust wind Mew all the time. Ships  anxious to enter the port of London  were obliged lo remain at the mouth  of the Thames, and the crews suffered great privations. Provisions were  dear, horses and cattle often' died  of cold', and .scarcely...-.1-'*-bird lived  through the winter.    -  ,  Tho: citizens - of; London, however,  resolving on having some profit .out  of the extraordinary wenther, built  a regular, .colony., on the icebound  Thames. Shops, taverns, coffee  houses, booths .ior dramatic representations, printing offices and similar buildings sprang up like magic.  Tho winter was probably the severest'ever known in England, though  the following one of 1081-85 wns  famous for its extreme cold.��� Ion-  don Tit-Bits.    '-        .���'!������_-���  WHEN BABY PRAYS.  ���When hnlv by hor crib nt night  Unfolds her little hands to pray-  Dear Utile hands so soft and white���  I listen while the sweet U[>�� nay!  "Now, I 'ay nie down to s'eep,  1 p'ay the Ixml my soul to teep";  And, listening, .veins are liiiekwiiiil rolled���  And the pnst Is as il tnlv untold.  And. standing by my inotlicr uilhl���  Ilenr mother, with .vunr linlr of whito���  Again   I  am a  llllle child.  And say again,  us yesternight:  "If I a'ould die before I wntc.  I p'ay the Lord my soul to lute";  And half It seems in liuliy's plon  The olden faith conies back to inc.  Ah. mc! I know my faith Is hut  A phantom of the long ago:  Yet, when my Initio, with eyelids ahnt,  ltopi'iitH the words I used to know;  ".Now I 'ny me down to s'eep,  I p'ay the I/ml my soul to teet,"  Some  way,  aoine   way,   the  world-doubt*  Ilea;  The old, swoon fnlth conies hnck to me.  It cranes .ignln, tho old, sweet faith;  It ls my own, It Is my own,  And doubt has fled, the gloomy wraith,  llcfore n baby's words alone:  "If 1 s'ould die before I Wntc,  I p'ay the Lord, my .'soul to tato";  So, for baby's lisping plea,  My thanks, dear I/ord, my tlhnnks to Tin*.  ���A. J, Wnterhouse.  SrntlUli t_nriU'in:r��.  Lord Rosebcry's romnrk in Edinburgh that Scotland has produced  tho greatest gardeners in the world  recalls a rather cynical saying of Dr.  Johnston on the subject of Scottish  gardening. At Mrs Terale's one  evening lloswcll remarked that England, was indebted to his native land  for one things is about all the good  gardeners in the. south were Scotsmen. Johnson thereupon observed.  "Why, sir, that is because gnrdenii<e  is much moro necessary amongst you  thnn with us, which makes so many  people learn it. It Is all gardening  with you. Things which grow wild  horo roust bo cultivated wilh great  cure In Scotland. l'lay now,'  (throwing himself back in his choir,  and liitiglifng),'."aro you ever able to  bring the slue to perfection'."  Foii'd/Hralim nnd fieiiltiii  In a pnssnge of his "Confessions','  descanting upon the'nature ol drunkenness DeQuihccy1 concludes that the  exact* condition'indicated is a question of accuracy in terms. ��� lie wus  assured on medical authority that a  man could be, aiid had boon, drunk  upon a beefsteak. This is largely  true, for oven solid food may produce at'anyrrato groat,mental torpor. Olio .comfort of a good dinner  may have suggested a writer's theme,  wo' doubt ! whether It ever promptly  stirred his pen.* It is tho empty  s'tomach that best- suits a full head  and ideas that How out freely before  retire with the entry of a substantial  repast.   LAST LINKS WITH SCOTT.  Soma  of  th*^ ItcmliiUconRei   of Veteran  Georgo t'roul.  Thero still lives in what Lord Rose-  bery, speaking in the Scottish capital, called "this Edinburgh so sacred  and beautiful to us." one who saw  Sir Walter Scott on the evening ho  declared himself to bo the author of  the Waverley Novels,'no longer tho  Great Unknown. This veteran^  George Croal, "distinctly remembers  tlio storm of enthusiasm'aroused oh  that occasion. Ho was ulso at Ab-  botsford two years later en professional duty,: and had the pleasure of  playing several Scotch nirs on tho  piano forte, to tlie evident gratification of his august patron.' Both of  these events' are recalled with prido  by Mr.��������� Croal, whose recollections  might be thought unique among  thoso now living in the year of graco  1901."  However,' they are not unique,* for  another writer, after referring, to tho  Edinburgh ��� citizen who was present  at tho Theatrical Fund Banquet in  1827, states: "In Bowden, in Roxburghshire, during .-.tho. summer  months, I conversed with four individuals who had seen Sir Walter. Ono  of them, Miss Janet Roxburghi had  attained the great ngo of 100 years,  and was, still able to speak intelligently about the pa*-t. Another woman living at''the village remembered ns a girl seeing Sir Walter 'hirp-  ���lin'S. across the village green to visit  a namesake, Janet Scott, with whom  ho'delighted to have a chut, as sho  had a great wealth of folklore stories, and from her Sir Walter gleaned  much of the local Scotch dialect.  Clin rles Newlands, remembered being  at the laying of the foundation stono  of the bridge ovcr ..the. Tweed just at  tho junction where tlie Ktlrick joins  it, when Sir Walter performed tha  ceremony. Another correspondent,  alive in 1900, Aaron Foirestcr, gunsmith, and his sister, IMissForrostor.  talked with Sir Walter, and Thomas  Small, inspector of poor, saw him  marching in the Circuit Court  cession at the county town."  Tho.Berwickshire News, in the autumn of 1900, ��� reported that, "there  lives at Hawick one James: Rutherford, an octogenarian, who still pursues his trade of tailor, and while  sitting cross-legged at work, speaks  graphically of tho people and Old  World customs he saw in days of  yore. He is an Enrlston man by  birth, and served his apprenticeship  with the clothier who supplied the  undertaker with the sable suit ho  wore at Sir Walter's funeral that  tlnrk September day in 1S32, when  the kindliest of Scots was laid to  rest in hushful Dryburgh. Rutherford, ono Hogmanay, went 'guisnrd-  ing.' Tlie youthful 'guisers' called  at Abbotsford, and there sang 'Scots  wha hae' so enthusiastically that  Sir Walter rewarded them with a  crown. Rutherford        oftentimes  watched the wellrbeloved Shirra,, nxo  in hand, trimming the glades m his  now plantations, nnd chronicles 'he  was aye kindly in his mnnnor, and  fond of children and tuiimils.' " ���  Evo Blantyre Simpson, in Chambers'  Journal.  Folaon hy Abnorptton.  The slow absorption of many poisons  changes In some more or less modified  form the complexion, but arsenic nnd  ammonia show' their effect about as  quickly ns any. The popular belief  that arsenic clears tho complexion has  led many silly women to kill themselves with It In small, continued  doses.  It product's a waxy. Ivorylike appear-  mice of the skin during a certain stage  of the poisoning, hut Its terrible after  I'fTocts have become too well known to  iiui'.'.e it of common use as n cosmetic.  Thi' effects of ammonia upon the  complexion art' directly opposite from  tlml ui' iii'.si'iilc. The llrst symptoms of  niiii'.ioiiln poisoning which appears  mine;: those wiui work In ammonia  fm-itiflt's Is a discoloration of the skin  nl' the nose- and fori'liend. This gradually extends over the face until the  eotnple.-.loti hns a stained, blotched and  uns'^htly iipponrnnco. With: people  who take nniuionla .into their systems  In small doses, ns with tholr water  ami food, these striking symptoms do  not nppnir so soon. The only effect of  tlie poison that is visible for a time Is  a general unwholosoniciicss and sal-  lowiless of tlie complexion.  UnillKentpil   rood.  The recurrence, of tho flavor of food  for Kotne tlme.nftor eating Is always  an Indication,' writes n physician in a  medical journal, that the food is not  being properly digested. "I can taste  It." wc say nl'ler eating canned fruits  nnd vegetables preserved hy adding  salicylic acid or.', formaldehyde." substances tlint-embalm food against .the  digestive Juices ns 'completely ns they  protect It from tho microbes of the  outer air. And "I can taste It" would  probably bo the report of one who had  inside a hearty meal on a turkey kept  several mouths In cold storage. "A  man trying to live on such meat would  simply starve to death or die of blood  pqlsonlng." adds the physician.  He docs not fall to remind us that  the stoiage warehouse ls generally a  convenience, nud a benefit and only  when misused a source ol' danger. But  neither honor any one else could find  a good word to say for manufacturers  who put slow poison Into a food-product. The fitting punishment for them  would he to glvo thorn nothing to cat  but their own canned ''stuff.  THE SUNDAY SCHOOL.  LESSON XII, FOURTH QUARTER, INTERNATIONAL SERIES, DEC. 22.   -  pro-  Tlic Bird That Fllen Langeat.  Mr. .1. Lancaster, naturalist, who  spent Ave years on the west coast of  Florida studying birds there, came to  the '.conclusion that of all the feathered  tenants of the nil- the frigate bird:can  lly ihe longest without resting. He has  seen one 'flying.for. u whole week night  mid dny without repose.  The frigate bird can feed/collect materials for Its nest and even sleep on  the wing. Apparently Its wings can  be controlled .'automatically,':'without  the power of Its will, aud It probably  adapts Itself to take advantage of the  upward or bearing force of the wind.  Tlie sp'read of the frigate bird's wing  Is great, and It can fly at n speed of  ninety-six miles nn hour, without scem-  lu;_; to Hup Its whins much.  The ulliatross���that-"king of the high  sens," as it has been called���Is larger  than the frigate bird, but if it follows  8 vessel for four or live days It has to :  ic:>t on a rocl; or on the ship itself.  When Illjden Dloil.  One moro literary landmark i.i being wiped ofl the map of London.  This; time it is the house in' Gerrnrd  stroct.-Soho.-in-wliich-nryden���died.  Even now the pickaxe is at work.  The street itself, from which 1 ���'��� this  monument is vanishing,".'has''historical: associations, One house, : now  used tis a telephone exchange, had  Edmund Burke us a tenant. Lord  Mohiin,' the duellist, and Lord Lyt-  llcton lived in Macclesfield House,'th  tloton lived in Macclesfield���;���.: Houso,  tho residence of Lord Gerrard,.afterward Earl of Macclesfield. At tho  "Turk's Head," too, the famous Literary Club used to hold its meetings,  frequented by Dr. Johnson, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Burke and- other great  figures. In a little while, houMvur,  Gerrnrd street will bo liko any other  London thoroughfare, a thoroughfaro  and nothing'moro, '  Skill'In  Mllklni;.   '   ���  In milking'flic hiinds should be  kept dry. If not it is impossible to  prevent drops of milk from constantly falling from . Liium , into the ii pail,  .says Farm, Field . and' Stockman.  The pail should be held close to the  udder., so ns to expose tho'inilk' to  the air as little as possible. The  further the streams fall and the more  they sprny, the more dirt and bacteria they collect. Contamination  from tho foremilk must bo avoided,  by discarding the first few streams  drawn, or less than a_gill in all..  This entails little loss, "as tho first  milk drawn is always poor in butter  fnt, and if it happens to >bo badly  contaminated, as is frequently tho  iase, much injury and trouble may  be saved.  An  Impudent   Dog.  One dny Bonn Xn��h joined some,fine  ladles In a grove and. asking one of  Uiein who was crooked whence she  o:i mo. she replied. "Straight from London."  "Confound me. madam," said he,  "then you must hnvo been warped by  the way!"  She soon, however, hnd ample revenge. The following evening he joined her company and, with a sneer and  a bow, asked hor If Glie knew her catechism and could tell him,the name,of  Toblt's dog.  "Ills nemo, sir, was Nash." replied  the lady, "and an Impudent dog he  was!"  Province  Polarization.  Tho polarization of the human body  can bo proved by 'allowing a strong  current to flow through the body from  one end to the other, the hands being  placed ln two baslus connected with  the poles. : The hands arc'.then dried  and placed In two other.baslns of .water connected wltlr the wires of a delicate galvanometer. A current In the  reverse direction to the original one Is  then found to flow from the body.   . .Johnson..on  Poverty.  Poverty, iny dear friend. Is so groat  an evil and: pregnant with so much  temptntion and so.much misery that I  cannot but earnestly enjoin -you to  avoid It. Live,on .what you havo; live  If you can on less. Do not borrow  cither for vanity or pleasure; tho vanity will cud ln shame and the pleasure  lu regret.  Woman'* Intuition.  Toss���Sho snys she can't understand,  why people'call him n flatterer. |  Jess���She does, cli?  Tors���Yes; 1 guess It's because be  never said anything flattering to her.!  . Jess���More likely ho did sny eouie-  .thing flattering, and she's trying to  mukc herself believe he was In earnest.  soys  A Precocious Vonnsater.  Tommy���Mamma,: the teacher  It's wrong to wound anything.  Ills Mother-rYcs. dear.  Tommy���Well, pnpa wound the clock  Inst night.' ' ,  To'koop boys,off the street cornora  furnish them with a room .to their Ilk-  lug and. make their boy friends welcome to It.  In Holland no landlord has the power  of raising the rent or of evicting a ten-  auL  Text of the Leanon, Ex. xtv. 13-37.  memory Ycrars, 1U-10���Goldcu Text,  Kt. xv. 1���Commentary Prepared  by Uie Kcv. D. 1U. StraniH.  ICopjrrlght, 1001, by Amirlcin rrt.s .relation.]  13, 14. "I'Var ye not. Sinii.i *iill and  sec the salvatlou ot the Lord which He  will shew to you today. The Lord shall  light for you, nnd ye shall hold your  pence." We ore (liven the choice of a  Christinas lesson from lun. I.\, T-7, but  as thu burden of that lesson Is Isriici'a  deliverance and future glory with but  two or three sentences ;referring to Ilia  coming iu<humiliation, and the lesson in  I'lxodus Is concerning o great dcllvcrunM  by the tiutiiu Lord, who wns afterward  born In Bethlehem, tho Child born, the  Son given, whose goings forth havo been  from of old, from the days of eternity  (Mic. v, 2. margin), we have chosen the  regular lesson, calling the attention of  those who prefer the Isaiah lesson, to the  throne, of David (verso 7), which, according to Gabriel, the Son of Mary is yet to  fill when He shall reign over the same  Israel, whose great deliverance is recorded in our Exodus lesson (Luke I, 32, 83),  According to Isaiah, It Is the zeal of the  Lord of Hosts,that shall bring the kingdom, not any'power or wisdom of man,  aud it Is tho zeal of the same Lord which  we nre to consider in our lesson, today.  On the great Passover night ot the Inst  lesson everything: camo: to pass just a!  the Lord had said.. Just 130 yenrs aftei  the first promise to Abrnm. in: Ur (tot  tho 30 yours probnhiy cover tlio.; tarrying nt Unrnn and the 2o years in  Ciinann before Isaac was born (Gen. xii,  4; xv, 13; xxl, S), Israel cqme out ol  Egypt by the strength of the hand of the  Lord (Ex. xiil, 3, "), 14, 10), COO.000  foot men besides women and children (xii,  37). '.'."He brought,them forth also with  silver and gold,, and there was not one  feeble person among their.;tribes (Ps. cv,  37). They took the bones of Joseph with  thorn,' and the Lord Himself led them by  dny in n pillar ol cloud and by night In  a pillar of fire, which He never,took from  theni1 (xiil;' 10-22). As soon as they wero  gone from Egypt the: heart of Pharaoh  became more hardened,; and he followed  after them with all his chariots, and out  lesson opens with Israel by tbe Red sea  and the hosts of Pharaoh behind them  and escape seemingly impossible. They  cry to Moses, nnd these first two verses  of our lesson give us Moses' reply to  them. God leads His peoplo Into difficulties in order to show His' mighty power oh their behalf.  15, 1G. "Speak unto the children ot  Israel that they go forward." In connection with tho Lord fighting for: Israel see  Dent, iii, 22; xx, 3, 4; Joshua x, 14; xxiii,  3, 10: II Chi on. xx. 15, 17, 29. and then  see Zecb. xiv, 3, ,4, concerning Uis coming again to fight for Israel in connection with the kingdom to bo established.  ���It will not be by might nor by'power, but  by nis Spirit and His zeal, yet He .will  use human instruments as He used  Moses. There are times for us to stand  still aud sec what He will do, nnd there  will be n^timo to "go forward" at His  command. 'On this occasion the sea divided beforo them before they came ta  its waters, but when they crossed the  Jordan tho feet of the priests who bore -  the ark stepped into tho waters before  they divided (Joshua iii, 15), We must  ever keep in mind that "it Is God who  workotk" and that our Lord Snid, "Without Me ye can do nothing" (Phil, ii, 13;  John xv, 5), and that nothing Is too bard  for Him.        ' - '  17, 18. "The Egyptians shall know  thnt I nm tlio Lord when I have gotten  Me honor upon Pharnoh, upon his chariots and upon,his horsemen."'So It shall  turn out that all the opposition of the  adversary, whether manifest in Pharaoh,  or Sennacherib, or the antichrist of tha  last days, or Cain, or satan himself, shall  somehow bring glory to God in their overthrow. He wiil be exalted through all  and in spite of all circumstances. Them  that honor Him He will honor while  they that despise. Him shall be lightly  esteemed (I Sam. il, 30), though He will  be glorified In their overthrow.* Faithful  witnesses are unto God a sweet savor of  Christ in them that aro saved and in  them tbat perish (II Cor. II, 15).  10. 20. "The angel of God, which went."  before tho camp of Israel, removed nnd  went behind them." He made the pillar  in which Ho went before them to be  darkness to the Egyptians, but light to'  Israel all the night, so He was thetr  shield, as He satil to Abrnm, "I am thy  shield," aud as the Spirit,wrote through  the psalmist, "The"'Lord God Is a sun  and shield" (Gen. xv, l;'Ps.'lxxx_��;, 11),  . 21, 22. "The Lord caused tbe sea to go  back by a strong east wind nil thnt: night  anil made the sea dry land, and the wa- .  tors wore divided." So the waters were  a wall unto Israel on their right hand and  on their left, not as at Jordan, wbero they  were piled up as a wall on the right hand  and rnn nway to the Dead sea on tho left,  leaving the _bed of the river dry, but in  either"case what"a~wondrous~thing���the���  waters of the river and of the sea standing as a wall, for, hours by His mighty  power.  23. 25. "Let us flee from the face ot  Israel, for the Lord figbteth for them  agnins-t tho Egyptians." Thus said tbe  Egyptians when in the morning watch  thcir chariot wheels came off as they followed Israel into the midst of the sen.  ;���, 20-28., "The Lord overthrew the Egyp.  tians In tho midst of the sea. 7 There re-  mulued not so much ns one of them.". It  was "In the morning watch", or "when  the morning nppenrcd" (verses 24, 27)  nnd. points onward .to, another 'deliverance  of whlch.lt is written, "God shnll help  bur 'when tho morning appeureth" (Pu.  xlvl, 5, margin).' Tho upright-shall have  dominion iu tho morning. Weeping mny  endure for a night, but joy cometh in thu  inorniug; therefore wt> wiilt'for thu Lord  more than they that watch for tlie inorii-  lug (I's. xlix, 14; xxx, Ii: cxx.\, (ll. Dan-  icl emtio out of the lions' den victoriously,  nnd his enemies were cast In nnd perished in the morning (Don. vi, 1U-24I.7, It  lyns In.the morning,.watch, after the disciples hud been tolling against wiml and  waves all the night, thnt Jesus eiune to  them (Mark vi, 4S), and IIo will' cume  again In the morning. ���, A'engi'iuief I'lipim  His enemies and ileliveinin'e for His people.nre often ussociuteil as in Isa. xxxlv,  8: ixxv,'4;'lxili, 41 and llie tir*-t linllelu-  inh in Scripture Is found In just thnt association in Ps, ,clv��� 34. 35. Vl'Iius the  Loii7 saved Israel that day out of the  hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw  that grent work Which tbe Lord did upon  ti��o Egyptians, and the people fenrcd tho ���  l.M'd nud believed tho Lord and His uerv-  iiit Moses (verses 30.81).  m THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVEr., B. C.  A QUICK WITTED BURGLAR.  Tommy   Wallace**  Adventure  With  a San Francisco Danker.  Tho notoriety ot Tommy Wallace rest!  chiefly upon his theft of Toby Rosenthal's painting, "Elaine," whllo It wns on  exhibition In San Francisco In March,  1S75. With thiee confederates Wallace  got into the basement of the building In  which the pnlntlng was being exhibited  and, cutting the ciinvns fiom Its massiv*  frame, rolled it up and escaped.  Returning to Kan Francisco nt the expiration of his term, Wallace one night  liroko into the home of a banker. The  family hnd just returned from tho theater, nnd Wallace was standing In tha  lower hall when the banker nnd Ilia wife  suddenly , appeared upon the landing  above. Wallace might have escaped by  dashing out of the front door, but this  would have been an exhibition of weakness uiiworthy of the true burglar Buch  as he prided himself upon being. With  rare coolness and presence of mind h��  awaited tho couple, who, unconscious ot  his proximity, were descending the staircase. When the banker reached tho hall,  Wallace emerged from tho shadow and  confionted him.  "Who are you?" Inquired the banker In  alarm.  "Silence!" snid TVallnce in a low voice.  "There are burglars in the house. I am a  detective In search of them."  "My God," shiickcd the banker's wife,  "wc shall all bo murdered!"  "Not while I am hero to prevent it,  madam," replied Wallace,' with a bow  worthy of Gentleman Dick. He paused a  moment, then went to the door and opened it wide. "Kindly stand on the porch,"  he snid, "wh' I search the house. I will  let you know when to enter."  The hanker and his wife obeyed tho  command und in the next instant they  stood shivering in the cold night air with  the door locked behind them. Wallace  cntcied the dining room nnd wns ransacking the bidebonrd when a servnnt burst  shrieking into tbe chamber! Disgusted  with this display ofeweakness, which  threatened disaster, Wallace drewia revolver and' promptly shot her. This silenced her, and, taking up his booty,  Wallace -leisurely left tho house. The  banker and his wife, alarmed at > tho  sound 'of the shot, implored blm to tell  what had happened. He answered that  the burglars hnd mnde their escnpo after  wounding the servnnt ghl, who hnd .foolishly nttempted to stop them. Five yenrs  lntci Wallace wns convicted of this crime  and sew need to Sun Quentin prison for  twelve : nrs.���Chm-lM Ultich in Alas-  Ice's Magazine.  A woman's whole face is sometimes  sard to be her fortune, but some men  get  through solely  on their cheek.  Honolulu dwellings have a curious  feature in tho provision made /or  lighting the exterior as well as the  interior. Electric lamps are set in the  masonry of the walls, thereby throwing a reflection both inside and on  tho lawns, where the residents spend  most of their nights.  Yo\ir F*a.ith  will be as strong as ours if you try  Shiloh's  Consumption  Cure  and ours is so strong we guarantee a cure or refund money,  nnd we send you free trial bottle  if you write for it. SHILOH'S  costs 25 cents, and will cure Consumption, Pncumouia,Bronchitis >  - and all Lung Troubles. Will  cure a Cough or Cold in a day,  and thus prevent serious results.  It has,been doing these things  for so years.  S. C. Wems & Co., Toronto, Can.  v^  Karl's Clover Root Tea cares (odlgeitloo  Thero are   others    than   cornllclds  who have ears and hear not.  EVen the selfish man will not   ask  for more than his share of trouble.  At all seasons of tho year five  o'clcok in the morning is tho coldest  hour of tho 2d.  A woman thinks bhe is becoming  used to lousiness when sho has learned to bo suspicious of every man she  meets.  Minard's Liniment Cores Garget ls Cows.  A misfit docs not always mean a fit  that a young lady had.  I was cured of a bad case of Grip  by MINAKD'S LINIMENT.  Sydney, C. B. C. I. LAGUE.  I   was    cured   of    loss'   of    voice  by MINARD'S LINIMENT.  CHARLES PLUMMER.  Yarmouth.  I was cured of Sciatica Rheumatism  by MINARD'S LINIMENT.  Burin, Nlld.      LEWIS S. BUTLER.  0  Outside of tho preachers, of course,  most of tho people who havo conscientious scruples against games of  chance aro tho ones who have bad  luck.  Minard's Liniment Ceres Colfls, Etc.  Tho unexpected  cannot happen   to  the man "who is always expecting it.  There never was, nnd cover will be, a  universal pnnucea, in ono remedy, for ull ill,  to which flesh is heir���-tho very nnluro of  many curatives being such that were the  germs of othor and differently seated diseases rooted in tlio system of tho patient���  whnt would loliovo ono ill in turn would aggravate tho othor. Wo have, howover, in  Quinine Wine, whon obtninnblo in n sound,  unadulterated stato, a remedy for many und  grievous ills. By its gradual and judicious  uso tho frailest systems aro led into convalescence and strength by tho mfiuenco which  Quinine exerts on nature's own restoratives.  It relieves tho drooping spirts of those with  whom a chronic stnto of morbid despondency nnd lack of interest in hfo is a disease,  and, by tranquilizing the nerves, disposes to  sound and refreshing sleep���imparts vigor  to the notion of the blood, which, being  stimulated, courses throughout tho vein",  strengthening the healthy animal functions  of tho system, thereby making activity a  nccessaiy result, Btronglhoning tho fmrno,  and giving lifo to tho digestive orguns, which  naturally demand increased substance���re-  fult,improved appetite. Nortlirop&Lyman.  of Toronto hnvo given to-the public tlielr  superior Quinine Wino at tho usual rato, and,  gauged by tho opinion of scientists, tlu-  wino approaches reorott perfection of any ir  tho market.   All i4-"'-' ��� *-" "i..  Minard's Liniment Cnres DMemser.  If a girl really loves you she will  sit out Uio evening in the back parlor with you rather than put you to  the expense of taking her to the theater.  llllillL) COMMM  AT PARIS.  CANADIAN    rRODUCT   WinCII  WINS MUCH FAME AT.Till:  CHEAT EXPOSITION  OF 11)00.  Though Not Entered As An Inhibit  Dodd's Kidney Pills Continued  'lhelr Victories Aiming the WI-  tors to tho Clny Capital- Returned  Canadian Commissioner Tells a  Personal Experience.  Toronto, Dec, 11.���(Special)���Mr. J.  G. Jurdine, ono of Canada's Commissioners to tho Paris Exposition, has  ictumcd to his homo at 305 Crawford street, this city and is full of  interesting stories of his experience  during his stay in France.  Ho wns Impiessed with the superiority of things Canadian when seen  nlondsidc the products of the world.  Everything from Canada was "genuinely good," and while in .somo cases  other exhibits might be more  "showy," none were more worthy.  Mr. Jardinc returns, if possible, a  more enthusiastic Canadian, and this  is in part at least due to the fact  that while In Paris he was very much  bcncfitc-d by tho uso of that groat  Canadian tonic, Dodd's Kidney Pills.  His woik wus very trying and mado  great demands on his health and  strength, but he sajs .  " During my stay in Paiis I found  Dodd's Kidney Pills invaluable, relieving Backache instantly and toning up my system generally."  Even in medical lines Canadians  abroad havo no reason to be ashamed of their country, for no remedy in  tlie world has ever been so quickly  recognized nnd ''given a foremost  place among known curatives as  Dodd's Kidney Pills wherever introduced.  The experience of Mr. Jaidino with  Dodd's Kidney Pills in Paris, the  home of some of tho. greatest medical scientists is significant  Ho was not alone in Ins enjoyment  of the benefits of this'great tonic,  for many of his acquaintances were  using the same medicine, among  them the secretary ,to tho Canadian  Commissioner, Mr. Aug. Dupuis, who  is an enthusiastic believer in Dodd's  Kidney Pills.  Gulxot, Thlem nnd BUmnrclc  One day I was Invited to dtaner with  the Count of Enzonberg at the residence of Prince *on Bismarck ln Berlin. The count, n former charge d'affaires in Pnils, was a great collector  of autographs. After a repast the  count exhibited a sheet of paper on  which GtiUot and Thiers had affixed  their signatures. "It Is very Interesting," said Prince von Blsmnrck. "Allow mo to show this to uiy wife." (She  was blck In bed at that timo.) In a  fow minutes the chancellor returned,  aud, returning tho sheet of paper to  tho diplomat fiom Wtirtteniborg, he  ndded, "I hope that I did not spoil lt  ky writing something on It."  Hero follows what was written on  tho paper:  11/ lorn life bu taught me thit It Ii neceuvr  to lorut.e a good ileal and target nothing.  GtTUOt.  A Utile forftethilnns does sot diminish the iln-  cerlty ot forglvcnus. Till[in.  My o��n life hm taught nie that I have a great  deal to (otget and a great deal (or nliieli to be  forgives. V. IlmnittcK.  ������x~>*:~:*-:~:��x~:~^  V    I" '     ��� A  MUSIC FOR THE HOLIDAYg] |  Our Sir. Hntchor b now in tho oast solectlng a stock of pianos and organs for holl. s     ���  T%\-,o'J?.1t*!,5,1;^.-'oluc_'?n,V11.lwolar':S,,lu'^boro(tho '-'test stjlou of tho WIL- V   *  XdAMb FlAliOS fiunea for thoir pure, full nnd lubtms tone.   Oar now stock will be- *��*  gliitonrnvonboutDec.lstnnd itwillbowoilforthosointorfetod tocnll oarly.   Out- ���!���  of-town custpmoH will rocoivo our bost attention ond nil enquiries will be promptly ���*.  angered.   \\ o send cntnloguo and prlco Hit on rociuost.   Wo hundlo-sovoral different A  tnul.cn of orpins nml will bo plonsed to quoto pricoi dolirorod enywliero.    Wo havo a J  number of good mkoiuI hand org.ins und piniios, in Good rcpuir, somo ns cood as now. t  at vory low pticos.   lour credit is good with us, uo matter \ihoro you live :   t   :   :   : ft*  FORRESTER  & HATCHER: f  Y. M. C. A. Bit, Portngo Avo., Winnipog. Eldrodgo "11" Sowing Machines.  I ���!���  "  -������������-������������������������   ..______. -       ���i 4\  A TEAMSTER'S STORY.  SUri'KISKI) GKEATI/V 1-KOM A31IIMA  AND KIDNEY TKOHBLKS.   ^  Spent Some tune in a Hospital and  Almost Impoverished Himself Buying Medicines Without Bench!���  Again Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  Ciuo After Other Medicines Pail.  When a man is cocksure that his  baggage is checked through to  Heaven it is no use to aiguc with  him  Pulo, ilekly childron should uso Mother  Staves' Worm Extorminator. Worms aro ono  of tho principal causes ot suffering in children,  und should bo oxpollod from tho si stum  Somo of the people who would  rather light than cat are.not at all  fond .of fighting, but they nre dyspeptic  'Parmeleo's Pills possess tho powoc of acting  spociftcally upon tho disousod organs, stimulating to action tho dormant onorgios of tho  systom, thereby removing disease.  In fact, so  groat is tho power of this medicino lo clounso  und purify, that diseases of almost oiory name  nnd nature aro driven from tho bod).   Mr. D,  Cnrswoll, Cnrswoll P.O., Ont., writes : "I hnvo  tried Pnrmoloo's Pills, nnd And thorn an oxcel-  lont medicino, and one that will soil woll."  The pessimist groans that ho has  not a friend left in the world, and  the optimist tries to comfort hun  with the suggestion that hc(iiught to  that none of his friends aro loft  S0Z0B0E.TT0QTH POWDER 25c  Sonic people claim that it is Ihcir  object to elevate tho stage, when as  a matter af fact they only went on  tho stage to givo themselves a lift.  Hollowny's Corn Curo is a snociflc for thp  removal of corns and warts, Wo havo uovor  hoard of its fulling to romovo ovon tho lvoiso  kind,  Somo people who claim never- to  havo had a rival in love havo never  been in lovo with anyone but themselves. '  It is not the generous man that  gives you his word and.then breaks  his promise.  Choloru and nil summor complaints nro so  amck in thoir action thnt tho cold hand of  oath is upon tho victims boforo thoy nro awnro  that danger is near. If altackod, do not dolay  in getting tho propor inodicino. Try a doso of  Dr. J. D. Kollogg's Dysontory Cordial, and you  will got immodtnto roliof. It acts with wonaor.  fui rapidity, and never fails to effect a curo.  S0Z0D0NTfortheTEETH25c  ,'-��      ___________.���'  Don't worry, there will always bo  trouble enough to go round.,  :.    -,;.- __  ,  ,.  It is as useful to know what not  to say as it is to know what to say.   Street Car ArciOont,���Mr.=Tliomas Sabin  says: "My oloven your old-boy had his foot  badly injurod by bolng rua over, by n car ou Iho  Street Hallway. Wo at onco commoncod bath*  ing tho foot with Dr. Thomas' Eclcctric Oil,  when tho discoloration and swolliug was removed, and in nino days ho could uso his font,  Wo nlwujs kcop a botllo in the houso ready for  any omargency. , -     i    *   "     '  .Every man believes that ho is  exception to somo rule or other. ���  A physician mentions the case of  a man who could be made to dream  about any subject by whispering  about it in his car while he slept ;  and it is ,a familiar fact that persons who talk In their,sleep will frequently answer questions if spoken  to softly. ;     i. . ,  Beware of Ointments for Catarrh  That Contain Mercury,   '  ns morcury will suroly destroy tlio sonsoof smoll  nnd completely dorungo tho wholo sjstem nhon  entering it through tho mucous BUrfnco.. Such  nrliclos should neier bo ucedozcopton proscrip*  tlons from roputiiblonli>sicians, ustho diuutigo  thoy .vi11 do Is tenfold to tlio good jou can pos-  ibly clorlio from them. Hull's Cntnrrh Curo,  mnmifnctiiied by F. J. Chouoy * Co.,Tolodo. O,  contains no niori-iiry, nml Id takon internally,  acting illruclly upou tlio blood ami mucous sur*  fncosof tho bj .stem, In buying Hall's Cutank  Curo 1)0 sure yon got tho eoniiliio. It ls tukon  internally, mid nindolu Toledo, Ohio, by 1', J,  Cheney & Co. Testimonials froo.      '      '  gild b" Druggists, prlco 75c. por uottlo.  ull's Family I'illsuro tho btuU     .  t ,   i  A man is^ never jso bad that ho  might not bo worse, or.so good that  he might not bo bettor.'  Minard's Linimsnt Cnres Diphtheria.  Nothing cools oil a married  man's  Jove so quickly 'tis "cold breakfasts.  . .    t ,  Even tho detectives do not; dog   a,  man's   footsteps    until   they   get a  'point*.*'    7        - " R-1   '   Idea* of News.  , Justice John M. Harlan of the United  State supremo court, when a pinctlc-  Ing lawyer In I_ou1svlllo,~once tried his  hand nt newspaper;work, taking the  place of a personal friend, then editor  ot tho Louisville Commercial. The jus-  tico got along all right,wrltiug edltori-  hls, but had Idea3 as to'news that woro  nt variance with those of the city editor.    _     ���  ,' One of the reporters v had written n  clever neeouht of n iiinii'wlio had fallen  from the fourth story of a building and  escaped 'without:serious Injury. It  ���initio a story t6t 'about a column in  length. With a proof of the article ln  his hand the tompouiry editor came to  the city editor niid said:  "Mr. Smith, pleaso''have this story  cut down. I can't see anything lu it  that makes It worth that space."  "But It's tho,'star' story at the day,  Mr. Hnilau," gasped the nstonlshed  news num. "I think It's a remarkable  story and well worth all tbe space given to it."  i i  : ��� ', '      i  "I don't," said Justice Harlan. "If a  man had jumped up** four stories, it  would certainly hnvt been remarkable,  but even a fool could fall down four  stories, or half a dozen, for that matter." '     ,  When Frenchmen Wore German*.  The name of Prance Is derived from  tho Pranci, or Franks, a people of Cer-  iiinny -n ho seized tlint pair of the  fciuintry nearest the Rhine and settled  there. Later on they subdued Tarls  and made that the royal seat of their  increasing empire.  The oiigin of other geographical  names is interesting and will servo to  enlighten us when we read of, for instance, Hihcrnla for Ireland, nihernla  Is said to be derived from a Phoenician word meaning "farthest habitation," there being no country known to  thi'in west of Erin. ,  Portugal obtained its name from Porto, the haven or port wheie the Gaul"  landed their stores. This is Oporto,  called by the Portuguese 0 Poito (the  port). The town was gl ren as a dowry  to Teiesn when she married .Henry de  Lorraine, who styled himself Eail of  Portugal because the pliice was kuow.'i  as the portus Gallorum (the port of tlie  Gauls). The name was dually extended to the whole country.  Russia took Its denomination from  the Rossi, or Russi. a people of the  south of Russia, who possessed themselves of the country in the declining  da,vs_pf_tho_Greok_eiiipIro. jjulngjhe  predominant Inhabitants, they Imposed  their name on all the rest.  From the Recorder, Halifax, _ST.S.  Mr.    William      Cochrane,    a   well  known teamster, who lives near the  Halifax   Polo     Grounds,   is one    of  those who   willingly bear testimony  to the   curativo   powers of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.   A rcpoiter of the  Acadian Recorder who had heard of  Mr.  Cochranu's sufferings and subsequent cuic, called at his home, wlien  he gave an account of his experience  substantially  as  follows .���"He had  for many years been a constant suf-  fetcr from    asthma,  accompanied by  tui    aggravated    form      of     kidney  tiouble.     The latter trouble   caused  sevcio pains in the back and    loins,  and at times his sullcrlngs were very  acute,   lie said ho had  almost    impoverished    himself    in buying medicines of all kinds, but to no purpose;  the trouble continued and seemed to  grow woi.se    as    the   jeais passed.  JIis. Cochrane said that she had fre-  Hiiciuly seen her husband choke   up  and fall to tlio iloor as though dead,  and ho would    havo    to bo woiked  with  and rolled    around  before    ho  would  revive.   A lew years ago   he  spent ten days in tho Victoria General    hospital.     Tho   doctois    then  thought that tho pains  in the back  wero   due   to over-exertion   in    his  business as a teamster, but gave limi  no material help.     After leaving the  hospital, he used bottles and bottles  of medicine, but failed to find a cure.  A neighbor of his, Mr, Lowe, whoso  wife  hail   been  made  a well woman  after years of sickness, by the use of  Dr. Williams' Pink,Pills, advised him  to try   them.     Ho used a couple of  boxes without appuient result,   and  felt somewhat discouraged,  but Mr.  Lowe advised   hun to continue   the  uso of the pills, and before the third  box   was finished, he   began   lo improve.     ' Dr.  Williams'   Pink    Pills  have   been a godsend   to   mc,' said  Mr. Cochrane ;     'they are the    only  medicine I have taken which seemed  to do ine any good.   I had one   proscription   from a doctor which tost  nie   ��1.73 a bottle, whicli like many  other   medicines I took,   wns just so  much money wasted.     I   havo used  eight  or ten boxes  of Dr.  Williams'  Pink Pills, and can say   that bctorc  I began their use life was an intolerable burden.     I have reason to be  thankful that I followed the iriendly  advice   that   urged mc  to use    this  medicine." '  Most diseases have their origin in  poor blood or weak nerves, and it is  because Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  make rich, red blood and .strengthen  the nerves that they have met with  such success in curing kidney trouble,  ihcumatisin, paralysis, St. Vitus'  dance, .anaemia, nervous prostration  and kindied troubles. See that the  full name, "Dr. AVilliams' Pink Pills  for Pale People," is on the wiappcr  aiound each box. If'm doubt, send  direct to the Dr. Williams Medicine  Co , Brockville, Ont., and the pills  will bo mailed post paid at SO cents  a box, or six boxes for ?2..)0  dtiCf JCcJkff' sUfittrf^tM -maj- atone, &uns  ���    ' SMMHi     a_^___________o��MMau^  2&< Jrik' sums- fetefiuU aJttwf if.  MEMORY'S PRANKS.  It is a wonder that poor old Procrastination docs not set up the kleptomania plea   ��'f--y} ���>       i  It occasionally happens ' that a  man's-best friend is tho ono who assists him homo.  A Street Titrable.  A little girl stood at a window blowing soap bubbles. Beneath stood a little boy, and ns she blew bubbles toward him he tried to catch them. They  broke and disappeared on nil sides,  but the two laughed aud'kept up tho  game.'she smiling down and he gazing  upward eage.ly.  VRehold, a parable!" said a man to  a woman. "The eternal relation of the  sexes! You blow beautiful bubbles  down'lo us from your height, mid we  weary ourselves In trying vainly to  cnteh lliein. ' Poor Utile boy!"  The pair played nnd laughed In the  sunshine until the boy grew tired. He  called out "Goodhy!" gayly and ran  away to piny with otlier boys and girls  In the street. The girl looked after him  wistfully, a shndow on her face. She  did not care to blow bubbles any more.  She leaned out lo watch him. and as  she did so she tipped ovcr the howl  of soapy water. She looked very lonely.  "Behold, a parable!" said the womnn  to the man. '.'He has tired of the  game; not she. There ls uo other little  boy to blow bubbles to, and If there  were sho has no pretty bubbles left to  blow. ' Eternal relation, of seres! Poor  llttlo girl!'-- ,->     <   ���    ,  You may talk about people being  generous to a fault, but if they are  arc the chances aio that the fault is  their own. i ,  Whj     Do    We    Remember    Certain  T1iIhk�� nnd Koiscl Others?  The \agarics of memory nro some of  the most iuteresting of those connected  with the hiimau uilud aud body. Why  do wu forget certain things and remember otheis? Myriads of these Irregularities are as jet unaccounted  tor. Perhaps not even the cleveiest  metaphjsician will ever accouut for  them.  Piofessor James reminds us how  something which we have tried in vain  to tt'tall will atterwaid, when we have  gUun up the attempt, "sauuter into  the mind," as Emerson says, as Innocently as If It-had never been s>um-  nioned.  Again, bygone experiences will revive  nfter'yeais of oblivion, often as the  rfsult of some cerebral disease or accident.  Such a case is the one quoted by  Coleridge of a youug womnn iu Germany who could neither read nor write,  but who was said to be possessed of a  devil because, in a fever, she was heard  raving in Latin, Greek and In an obscure rabbinical dialect of Hebrew.  Whole pages of her talk wore written  dowu aud were found to consist of  sentences Intelligible in themselves, but  not hnvlng the slightest connection  with one another. To say that she was  possessed of a devil was the easiest  way of accounting for the matter.  At last the mystery was cleared up  by a physician, who traced back the  girl's history until he learned that at  the age of nine she was taken to live  at the house of an old pastor, a great  Hebrew scholar, nnd that she remained there until the pastor's death. , It  had been for years the old man's custom to walk up and down a passage  near the kitchen and read to himself  In a loud voice.  His books were examined, and among  them many of the passages taken down  at the young woman's bedside were  Identified. The theory of demoniacal  possession was abandoned. ��� Youth's  Companion.  PIre Anionic iuinfft Nation*.  According to Pliny lire was a long  time unknown to some of the ancient  Egyptian tribes, and when a colobi.ited  astronomer made them acquainted with  that element and how to produee.it  they were wild with delight The Persians, Phoenicians, Greeks and so.oral  other nations acknowledge that their  ancestors were once without the comforts*'which fire bestows; the Chinese  confess the samo of their progenitors.  Pompanion, llola, Plutarch aud other  ancient wrltersispeak of nations which,  at Uie time when they wrote, knew not  the uso of fire or had Just recently  learned lt. ' '  The Inhabitants of the Marian  islands, which were discovered In 1551,  had no idea of fire or its uses. Their  astonishment knew no bounds when  they saw it applied to wood, most of  them taking it to be some kind of an  animal which the sailors had brought  with them and which must be fed on  wood.  Write us  a Letter.  If you have any need in the  jewelry line,  however   small,"  just write us about it.  Our Catalogue contains  photographs of many  hundreds of our choicest  pieces, and will be sent  you free.  We guarantee safe delivery  ���prepay charges and cheerfully refund money if you so  desire.  DIAMOND HALL.  Established 18S4.  Ryrie Bros.,  Yontfe and AdoIeJde Sts,  TORONTO.  illoway & Champion  BACKERS AND BROKERS  TS/INSIPEG.  Writo to us for prices of SCEIP,  Got our List of Lands.  Stocks and Bond3 Bought and  Sold.  Wo can furni'h tho enact umount of  Scrip for any payment on Dominion  Lands,  Do not pay cota. ���   .  JAMES HODD ARTHUR ATKINSON*  HODD & ATKINSON    '  Flour niul Gr.iin MercliaiitR,  Room 212 G rain Eicbanno, Winnipeg.        *'  Wo are bu>ors o�� wheat for December and Jan.  nary shipment from western points nud iu stora  Fort William or Duluth.  Our Mr. James Hodd  ha. ing a lon_i nnd �� ell established export Flour  to correspondence w ith  HODD & ATKINSON.   ��� ��� . _  ipoi.   trade,  wo spociullydosirocorrosjioiidonco\uth  millers. " .-..T..,.~.,  One is often reminded that con-  sctence-niKl nn ularm-clock-are���very  much alike. Wo get so used to botli  that we do not mind them.  Jt seems natural for a man to take  something to whet his appetite when  he is dry.  A good memory is useful in that it  permits of you remembering what to  forget.       '  In his YcKotablo Pills, Dr. r.irmolco hns pivon  to tho \ioild tlio fruits of lung <.oentiiic research in tho ttliolo realm of medical science,  combinod with new nnd vnliriblo discoveries  novor beforo knoiwi to mnn. for dohcito nnd  dobilitntcd constitutions, I*'urmoleo's Pills net  liLo a charm. Taken in small doses, tho effect  is both n tonic nnd n stimulant, mildly exciting  tho socrotions of tho body, giving tono und  visor.  Poverty frequently brings a change  of landlords.      ' ' ''  _Vaccinnt_ion_yylll_not_kccp_a_thIof_  from taking things.  The best opportunities are thoso we  make for ourselves.  Tooth Powder 2S  Good for Bad Teeth  Not Bad for Good Teeth  Sosodont Hq-ald 23o.  Lrfurtf* K_a<taad and Powdn 13**  ~ At all stores o_ by mall   Sample ot the'Iiquid for the postageje.  UAX.I, (B.RUClUC&wNavr'BWK. -  U1WUI TRUST COT  LIMITED.  Office and Safe Deposit Vaults  323 6 325 MAIN ST., WINNIPEG.  Capltd-$1,000,000.   Boionro. J2JD.000.  Authorized to act as Executor, Administrator, Trustco, Itoceiver, Guarding, Committee of Lunatic, Liquidator, Goneral Agent, otc.  Acoeptod by tho Court* as a Trust  Co. for tho Provlnceo of Ontwlo,  Quebec and Manitoba.  OFFICIAL   ADMINISTRATOn nnd  Guardian ad-lltem for Manitoba.       *  Trust funds invested and guaranteed  Honey to loan on farm security.  Solicitors bringing Estates. Admin-  l8tratlonn,ete.,to thc��o. are continued "  In the professional caro thereof.  Correspondence solicited.  Boxes in Safe Dopoait Vaults for  rent at $5.00 a year.  ARTHOB STEWART, Sfana^r,  W: N. U. No. 355.  ���* M  V*  i.h,M5rrf",-.W\V-  <\\V ' '  -'��� ^ THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY., .. .'. IffiBRU.VftY 1, 19ftr  and Leggings  In great variety.    Just the thing for  this cold snap.  Prices to suit everybody. We have  them in Ladies' at 50c, 75c, $1, $1.30  and S2. Also in Men's at $1, $1.25,  $1.50, $2 and $2.50.  W. J. ORilj 420-422 Westminster Ave  Knowdel! & Hodgson  512 Granville St., Vancouver.  Dealers in  effected ithelr purpose and took possession of the building In the name o��  the law, but after dark ia mob appeared and severely maltreated the constables. The latter wore compelled to  abandon the church and the rioters  linen seized nnd held lt. All this in the  name ot religion. ��� ,  At a. recent .meeting of the Yarmouth  1 toni-d of iruiirilliins it was neporle:!  that nn Inmate ot tliu workhouse aiuni-  eil .Tosi-ph Turner had died ut the ��ige  <if lO.'i. He hail spent the lust fifteen  years of Ills life in 'bed and 'his great  iiKc- was discovered 'through his telling  one of the guardians, among some  reminiscences of Ills' early days, that  he .had .seen Kelson'land, at Yarmouth.  Uhls was iln ilSCO, and, the parochial  registers being searched, the entry of  Turner's birth en December C, 171W, was  discovered. The discovery was only  made on the day the old man'idled.  torn," gravely replied Sir John. "In  some places people take off their hats  na a .murk of honor to distinguished  guests; here they take off their, trousers."  Stovw, Ranges, Tinware,  (Jriiiiilcware, Cutltiy and  (kmn\ Uouscfurnisliiiigs  I'rict'f- right. Call and see for your-  i-elvcs.  MAIL ORDER? receive prompt attention.  | YOU'LL NEED HEAT  SALinAGUiXDI.  HEWS OP WE LABOR WORLD  ���   The laundry workers .of Berlin,'Ont.,  ���luivc.organized.'���  'i"lie bat-ben* .of London, Out., have  .'formed a union. ���'..-"  Alining  operations    in  North.  Hastings, Out. are 'booming.  The machine shoe  workers-or  Montreal have Instituted a--union.  "IMie tailors  of  Ingei'soll,-..Woodstock  and Berlin, Ont., have recently formed  "uivions.*   .   ���       '���"���" ' '������' p  '   Hie  musicians'of  Ottawa  have or-1  eanized a union, with Jas., ���M.cGillic'ud-  dy aa .president.  .'". The bricklayers of Toronto" are enn-  "���sldeplne; the 'advisability.    o��    revising  : their scale of, wages.',  ���"'������   The''street--rail'wnymen' ul : Toronto  have elected P.vMarshaJl president aril  1*'. McKenna .secretary.;. ....  v.;   The 'bakers of Toronto .ihave. i.liofen  Arthur Somersfas thelr-;:pi'osicleiit_ and  .'-. John Gardner secretary.        "  ������-.   Tbo day labor sptem. Is In force oij  ���'...ail .corporation, work   in..' Huii;' 6ue-  'About $150,000 -has  been. s|ieiit;7clurins  ';���; 7'tlie year '������this. way. '.'9-'"[ ' ,'.7  ,7   The total aimount of building ���'permits'  ....   for "erection of 'buildings at Toronto'ls-  '���''���'." sued during*.lfi.l_\va5*R518,s:_:i.  .Theiv?  ������   were COG'-houses bii'ilt.'valuecl ait ,?l,l'J<.l,-  The Xana'iino iLnbor party give a  smoking conc-it this evening as u farewell to iH.ilph Smith, M. P., presldem  of the TradCs and taibor Congress of  ���Canada, who will.., leave . for: Ottawa  next week.  Sixteen boys in the employ of the  Gurney stove foundry, Toronto, have  gone on strike. The trouble is over the  discharge of two of their number, duo  ���U> their joining the union, which is  one of. the branches of, the helpers'  union lately organized.  Tflie -Victoria Barbers' union 'liave  -elected ofllcers as follows: President,  Geo. Wood; vice-president, A. E..Whit-  talker; corresponding and .finanolu.1 secretary,-John Gropp; recording secretary, John Wilson; ��� treasurer. L.  JJbertffl guide. H, C. Hairsine; guar-  "diari, ftrseph, Bruce.      ���   percentage. The industry Is still Somewhat demoralized, and prices for the  .product ore low. But conditions are  improving, and, as consumption is  steadily Increasing, the 'Industry will  soou be on it sound and profitable basis..    ' ' .    ,.:'.'���  The Japanese mechanics, who have  been 'lining the iplaces of. the strikers  at the Union Iron Works in Sun Fran  Cisco, have in turn been called out by  their own organization,.;knowin as the  Japanese Association, of Amenica.  Portland, Oregon, has been having  some dillloulty in the courts to settle  the question of tihe .right to! carry a  boycott ��� tanner., The Portland , judge,  however, concedes to the workingmen  tihe night to .protect his interests.  The* Union; Printers';'Labor;Club of  San Prancisco has   presented Mayor  Schmltz .with, a series   of resolutions  heartily  endorsing 'Ms  administration  to  elate  and  wishing .him  God speed  for the future.  ;..'7;-7"J'- .7      y-'i'Xy'y  President Shaffer of'the Amalgamated ; Association of  Iron ' -.Workers, declared tin a recent (iddfess that his oii'i  jranizaticm went liUiV tiie recent strlkS  ..with'a reserve, fund of $72,000 and spent  $500,000 Yin. 'tlie7fight.'���' ��� "It .will go into  tihe next contest. with' $100,00,0 in   tha  treasury," wasi Ills' declaration.' . . ,  7  The-Retail Clenlcs of 'Seattle liaS'e entered upon a systematic campaign .to  unionize t'he: town; * They.have adopted the .'method of placing- union- store  .card's' in the:windows of such stores'.as  ernipl6y"uni6n .cleylvs only, so that It  will no longer'be necessary to, ask a  cleiik to show,Wis luhioh'card, and wa3k  out if he has none..; -.. .7  ���:[The demand for shingles is;the greait-  est ever" known 'at -this time of: .the  year," ooupled 'with' a great scarcity.  Prices are stiffening: daily arid there  ���la"every iprospect of : 'higher ; prices  throughout 'the year than"obtained last  year, which was .the most satisfactory  year in.the shingle trade for a number, of; years,���Portland Tlmberman.  : The board of control of ithe Texas  penitentiary - has��� decided���.to buy 2,500  acres of cane land and set the convicts  lit. work on it, thus removing convict  competition from, other industries..  /When Father Rode the Goat.  The house Is full or nrnlcn.  And .mystery 'profound;  We do not dure to nun about  Or imako the slltshiust sound;  We leave the bis piano shut  And do nol strike a note;  The doctor's been here seven times  .Since father rode the goat.  lie joined the lodge a week ago-  Got In at four a. m.,  And sixteen 'brethren 'brought blm home,  Though he says lie brought them.  His wrist was sprained and one H��lg rip  ���Had rent his Sunday cout-  ' AMERICAN.   ���  ;.. The Kansas Supreme Court .has sus  tained the eight-hour la'bor law.  The American Federation of Labor  -��iOH--numbors-ovei-_J,000,0C0_.uieiiiben_.   The wages of trainmen and switchmen on the 'Baltimore and Ohio''have  Sheen raised 8 per cent.  The 'San Francisco Labor Council lias  tdecled ofllcers 'for the ensuing six  months, the election bslng held yester-  fl��y.  The San Francisco Bakers' Union has  u. membership of over 700 and are in..-'.-  ing,the expense of their strtke by assessments Instead of drawing from  their, treasury.  The Carpenters' Union ot ��� Portland,  Oregon, have given contractors notice  lhat after April 1st tliey will demand  ��m oigiht-'hour day nt a nnlnlmum wiv^e  t>f 13, with 50 cents for overtime.  The Typographical " Union of' Sun  a-'ranelsco la mill contributing 2 per  cyit of the earnings of eaoh mi'inbei-  to the .support of the Iron Workers on  t>trlke. Thla means nbout,tl'10 weekly.  In the California fields a,Q5.r> wells  were completed during 1901, iv.ho.-je  dally production Is given at 36,071 barrels.   This gives an average idlaily pro  . auction of over thirty^two .bairreks per  well. Only G0S failures to find oil were  reported during tbe year,' which, con-  Bldering the nature of t'he development  wperaitlons In tbat etate, ��bowg a low  *  ' FOREIGN,  An agitation .has been started In  Glasgow with the view ot obtaining  for Scotland a right of appeal to the  House of Lord�� in workmen's compensation ' cases, us in England.  ArPorlobellonrgrwit 'Scottish shunting yard���which, from ithe., number of  accidents, used to be called 'Wie butcher's; yard"���there ;is a flourishing  branch of the Railway Servants' Society. Over .C8,000 is paid annually to  widows land children.  John Molloy died ithe other dny In  Wexford, Ireland, nit the age of 101  years. The deceased, a -quiet, Inoften  Htve 'man, was remarkn'hle all hlB life  for hla temperate hmblls and lt to ani  Interesting fact that oatmeal porridge  formeil his staple diet for t'he lairt forty  rears.  According to the Board of Trade returns Just Issued, ut London, It up-  peara that the .number of Irish emigrants lost year tviis :t!),I94, as compared wltih lllj.aori during 11)00. Of these  35,-624 went to the United States. LSIT  to British North Amcrlcui 1,232 to Australia, 882 ito the Cupe of Good, Hope  and Natal, amd 20!) to other places.  Church rioting 'lh Uhe ''Lewis, Scotland, has been renewed. Ladt weak  a force of Ave constables and itwo of-  ifloera visited ,'the ^district wihere the  Cross Free Churdh Is sltuiited wiltb n  view of forclnfe 'open. ,ihe , churdh, of  whioh the onti-Uiilon party bad !refus-  ed to give no 'the keys.  'The officers,)  inuu   rum.  ���,.-,   ��u........   There must have been a llveh- time.  When;father rode the goat."  He's resting on the couch to-day  And pnictlclng his signs���  The hiiillng sign, the working grip,  And otlier monkej- sh'lnes,  He mutters passwords 'ncath his breath,  And other things he'll quote��� ������'���  They surely had nn evening's work  When father rode the gout.   . .   -  He.has a gorgeous uniform..      ���'���:.���:������.  All gold, and red, and blue,  A hut with plumes and yellow braid.  And golden badges, loo.  A sword ot finest pollshtd steel,  ;  Tltlt set-with precious stones:  He says this paraphernalia ;'  All came from Pettlbone's.  Thls'goat he leads what "Teddy" calls .'  ���   A very strenuous life,  Makes trouble for such candidates  ������: As tackle hlra In.strife. ���-  But.somehow,- when wc mention;It,  Pa wears a look so grim', ..;'.:.'  We Wonder If pii rode the goat   ..   .  ; Or, if, the goal rode him. ,:; ��� -���    '.  ���'.."-,     ,���Blacksmith's Journal;  : it Is well for a youhg womnn to haive  (j,1 chtuperone;until she can call some  cliatl toer^owTi'yy::''':yyyyy ll _ ���������'.-���''  ".The R-eason Wlii'.;;;'  ..;Why will the'-boys; of the.Flftli-be  very; tired on .Aiprii 1st. 19(12?  :BecaU3e  they w-ili'just ihave .fli.ished.a'.March ot  .31''days.; 'xx.y.x'yyy *���.;  'Scene': Vancouver.1 -Day: The; Sabbalh.  ; 'Policeman: (to jovial ��� couple) :-7-Tak'  care, If ye go on like that I'll hae .to  arrest 'ye. ' -First ���. Merry Man������Wbyj'  .we're.'hot:even whistling. ��� Policeman���  ���No. .but ye're 'looking as happy as If it  were ''Monday!;."  ;.; -���-. Might 'Havo Been .Worse.  "Poor ���b'ye!'' exclaimed 'O'Hara, con-  . doling 7yithCassIdy,w-ho lhad (been injured 'by -a.-blast;;" ''tis tough liickteh  ���have yer hand ��� blowed off." .''"Och!  Faith, It .might 'ave bin'Wors=e," replied  Cassldy; "suppose oi'd bad me .week's  wage In lit at.the time;; 7.    ". -...'.'��� I  -     7.7 , The ���NOble7Six;;Hundredi.,  '"Papa," 1 said. Young: Canada, ivlhose  knowledge ��� of; ihistory is as yet somewhat limited. "Wbat did it mean at  BalaclavaAvlien that British olflcersaiid  'Oharge for the guns!'.-?'.' "It meant,"  soiid the load 'father, a.bsent-mindedly,  "tbat It wasn't a cash transaction."���  Toronto Star.   '.  A Little Hero.  At Chicago on Friday the La Strain  hotel, .seven storeys, Was, practically  destroyed by fire. Sixty women and  children were In the building. About  half of them were on the top floor and  were thrown into a piinlcv Otto Bela,  the elevator boy, however, succeeded  In making several "trips through the  Kinoke uml llnmco and carried all ot  them to safety. The lust per-son-out  of the building was a paralytic, whom  the elevator boy carried to his car, and  later Into the street, amidst a roar of  applause from the spectators.  -Mistook the Tnble Cloth for His Shirt.  A. bashful young man of Gruntsvllle  was Invited out to dine last Monday  evening. He was very much agitated.  Ho sat opposite a mirror and discovered tlint he had forgotten to comb his  'hair. Then he dropped his foi<k on the  floor, and ns be stooped lo pick It up  be upset .his coffee. Matters went from  bad to worse, until finally In despali  the young man quit eating and put  bis hands under the table. The loose  end of the table cloth was lying in his  lap.; When ho touched it he turned  pale. He thought it was his shirt, ami  in nervous excitement wQille dressing  he bad forgotten .to put the garment inside bis trousers. That accounted for  ���the smiles and bis embarrassment. He  burrledly .stuffed the supposed shirt  inside 'bis trousers. Afterwards, when  the family arose from t'he table, there  was a crash. The dishes lay in a broken mass on', the. Iloor. The young man  pulled three feet of table cloth out of  his trousers and fled to the woods.���  Granlsvlllo Signal.  Before long now. The best heaters made  ���the cheapest to buy and the most economical to use are the  ��   AIR-TIGHTS AND  : BASE  BURNERS.  made by the McClary Mfg. Co.  ,126 Hastings St.  SOLE AGENT  ���7  ^lcLennan9 Mlcfecly ���� Co*  ���WHOLBSALB AND  REPAID DEALERS  IN  MSMjm |��jarchvare  MAIL  ORDERb  RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION. '  j Sale of Overcoats  Black or Blue Beavers, $5 to $11.  Heavy Ulsters, $4.50 to $6.50.  Irish Frieze, Melton Covert Cloth at Cost..'  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ��> CO.  10* and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., 0|��|��. Wm. Bath's.  Flowers for the Coronation.  ~In" the" bulb-srowliig-dlstricts of-Lln-  colnshlre huge, quantities, of lilies of  the vullcy are being planted in view of  the demand tor these blooms as the  coronation flower. So. gneat has been  the demand for bulbs for .planting that  one dealer in 'England lias already  received am. order for fourteen millions  ot them.  ���Munt Marry Their Job.  The employees of the Desert News,  the ori?ii.n of. .the Mornvon church In  Salt ifiike oity, were much stn.rtli*) last  week when the management sent forth  ab edict Mating tbat "all muile employees of the News, who were not married on or before ithe 30th of June next,  would bo .requested to 'hand In their  resignations." 'It Is estimated that tihe  order will affect about CS employees of  the paper.  'MUNICIPAL' RAILWAY IN COLOGNE.  The city: of Cologne -has municipalized its street railway, not waiting' for  the franchises to expire���tlie hut of  which 'would not have!fallen-iln until  182'!���but buying1 . out the company  through.-a caxefully.'conducted agreement.  .The cily authorities appointed in ISO"  a committee to '...'ascertain'���-"on wbsit  terms the company., would dispose of  tihe property.  A contract was finally agreed upon,  the most Inleicsiinft 'terms of which  are given below:-  The city of Cologne vvas to pay to  the Street Railway company: (1) An  annual sum ot 1,000,000 marks ($238,000.  from January 1, ISO!), to June 30, 1913,  amounting.:in . all to ���"' 14.500,030, marks  ($3,451,000); (2) from. 1903, 23.COO marks  ($5,050) for e.ich year,    until June 30,'  1913.  All 'the lines .passed, without any Indemnity other than that specified in  this! contract,1 Into the possession of  the city. The city took possession of  all real estnite, buildings, and accessories used by the company.  The actual cost In the town, thera-  fore, including, the cost of'.any.'buildings they might subsequently "take  over, was, in round 'figures, lG,500,ft.O  niai'lB ($3.&_.7,C00>.  For the conversion of the existing  lines into electric traction and for the  laying of one of two new lies, the city  granted an appropriation of 18,000,000  marlts (J4,2S4,000). The overhead wire  ss'Btemwaa decided'on, amkll one;!section -was oiiened for. traffic on October  i:th. c  In 1S9S the clear profits amounted to  l,O28,H00  marks   ($244,600),   and  as   the  profits haive lnereased regularly It is  hoped that in 1014 ithey "will amount to  2,380,000 imairks ($566,400).  The fares charged at present aire:  Marks.  -Yearly-ticket.*., gnod.on all .  KELLY, DOLIOLAS & CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  [flS^ Headquarters for  Domestic and 1m-  >   ported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  ove*  Wc have a. complete line ot the  FAMOUS " OXFOIID " .STOVKS and  RANGES, 'in metal or steel. Thoy are  in all sizes and styles and have every  ]io��-'ililii contrivance I'or lmrkinu" cooking simple' and easy. In 'the Kange and  Stove world THE "OXFORD" 13  KING. They always look well���wear  well���woiik well���rcook well and cor.t  little. TtANGES from $23 up. STOVES  from, $12 up.  K. e* BUCHANAN & CO.  CROCKERY AND HuCsi: rrilSIMUXf.b, '  Telephone 9-1-1. -lii!' Hn^tltiE- Wri"*t.  ��AV��Y  THEATRE  McDonku, it Simpson 1'ioprlotor.*"-  Ai.r. 1'. James Singe Miiuiigtr.  i  Week Commencing  Monday, Next  Artistic and Refined Vaudeville.  EVERY ACT A TEATURE.  Citizens of Vancouver  a Prosperous  New Year_^>  +++4y*M>M>M>4>-<> M>M9^.M>MiM^a>  i I.  i I  Wishing the ,.  <i  *i  o  ���wo again want it known that 11  wo are still doing business nt the i i  old stand and invito you to make <'  us a call. (y  Get prices, note quality and be ,,  happy for 1U02. i��  I ford's grocery:;  TeU ?36.   25 Hastings St. t.   J J  O  O  MAKIS A  HPKCIA1.IV OF . .  DBifs soecioi Limieur, also ���'..  usuers Block im uaueur hhiskp  ���LARGE STOCK OF���  IMPOKTED AND DOMESTIC  .Ctyars.    .  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props^  , COtNKH CORDOVA AND CAREAIX;  10.00  7.00  .15  .10  2.S8  1.60  .tB5  .021  V  % :   GEO. HAY   .  S     Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothei  Renovator, makeB a ault new.  a Dyeing and Repairing.^.  J 216 CAMBII ST., Vamcoovib. X.,  AIXKinl CuKtom.'  ���premier Sir John Waodonalil wis at  a reception In .the west, when tt bishop  from Belgium was ipresenL As the  party were being escorted by a body  of men In. Mlghlana -costume, the foreign bishop Beelng the 'bare legs anil  kilts, aafltied "why theso men were without trouoejs.    "It's .juat a .local cm-  lines 120.00 USS.5G  Monthly tickets:  Good on all lines...  Good on any one line.. ..  Ordinary fares:  For maximum distance..  For minimum distance ..  Children under 10 yea.rs of  age, maximum distance..      .05     .012  'Persons attending educational institutions may Reoure commutation tickets whereby they are allowed to rliH*  the maximum distance for 5 pfenning!  (1.2,cents). '        .    , ,  The management of thOTnllwhys is  ln 'the Hiimd.s of-a committee of the  town council, the nctual nnanatfer being 'appointed 'by the council, and having the usual staff or engineers, Inspectors, etc., whose snlaiileu are the  snine as those paid by similar concerns;  the exact amounts are not obtainable.  The town may at amy time,let or  sell the right towortc the railways,  should It be found that this woul.l  be'most satisfactory; but the general  impression Is ithat/When .'Uie Una! (payment lhafi been made to the old co n-  pany the profits will iln a icftiort thne  amply repay the Initial expenditure.  GOINGAHEAD BY-^  LEAPS 4ND BOINDS  llhat exactly dc��crlbes'the;in-  orease ot'our ibuslness regarding  Itihe laundering of OQLtiMlS.  OUPF3 and SHIRTS. iReally  - Uie increase ds'-phenomenai Our  lmipravcd.-: processes j.are- nc-  oountable ��� for it. Tbe- illnlslii Is  ���betuutlfUl���we'-ure. complimented  on all Bides about It.* * Then  again we do them up.in suca  a -��-ay tlhaf th'e linen DOIW  NOT CUT, and nvuch longer, llto  Is possible ln eaoh und everv  piece. Have yuirirle'il the "Pioneer"* way?"  Pacific Bottling  Works  Imbortere and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   *1>H0NE 783. ,  SOLE AGENTS..  Steam Laundry  Phonb 346. 910 ��� 914 RicUAnns 8t  Downtown Office, No. 4 Aucadk.  WHITt   MHP ONLY.  .1  -������ _'l  For the n��xt 30 days you can geta��ult��ft��  your own'price at "   '  the: acme  To lnlroduco out new ��yntem of taUtilH V>- ���  ,      (oreourF��H8WckanlTte.  T Oaaraft Sti'-  O LT H^Uo��J_ Cirtt.'rJ.

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