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The Independent Jan 18, 1902

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 ^iffrfijff  *a^����ftSSS!_5g^  SlfBSCRiriM $1.25 A YEAR  (Wage-earners should oub-  I    scribe, because this paper  ���te published aa their organ.  B. C. FNUUNEST IM AH0  rm  ?10.(KX' 000  ���   l.ax.ieo  Angels over    ���    -������'.-   .-      unveil  Head Olllce 821 Cambie Stiecl, Van  couver, B, U.  Authorized Capital  Subscribed Cupllal  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1902.  NO n  $  1  /I  f  �����:  4  m-  .i  K  I  LOCAL LAROR LEGISLATURE  Successful   Session���Some   New Delegates���Manufacturers  Life Insurance Co. Explains���Committees Report  ���New Committees���Condolences.  President  W.  J. Lamrick    presided  distillers; the'Maturf aofcuners' Life In-  ���ixrer a good atteridonoo of delegates ait  TEtarrsday night's meeting of the Via v-  ���   (cenrver Trades anld Lalbor Council. Sec-  .- retary Cress was abo in his place.  CREDENTIALS.  Ajmulgamtoted, Woodworkers ��� R.  Crlmaton, Ghas. ,'Petrow, L. A. Ridley.  (Ballenn_akera.���Albert Blaln, W. Rue-  ffieJl, J. H. Watson.  United Brotherhood of Railway  aflrefefot-foandlerB.���W. .Rawlhw.  Bailbers.���Pred. Havr. "  ^Brotherhood of Painters and Decomt-  ���ots.���W. Davis, H.MeSorly.  JWtall Cleiflcs-p-W.-J. Lamrick, K K.  C JoSmeon,1 T. A. Phillips.  -Delegiates; wore obligated and tooTt  'their seats.  ' OTMMUIN'JCATIONS.  ' jPitim Typographical Union, tenderiin^  invitation to Council to attend iball a��nd  sninper on Friday night   Received.  3<Yora H. Bush, seerato.ry: Nelson  ���jPrades and Lalbor Council, re1 tlsber-  : mien's fund.;, Secretary bo reply.  Hiram George Bartley, re taJblcs an 1  (treaties for t?ie hall.' 'Revived.  -Prom J. McOutcheon, secretaiy  *Wian_em's Guild of tho Central Consre  (Rational Chiureh,. tfliaHklng the council  for J-inkJnessos shown In oonnocllon  ��vlth tlie opening of the Homer .stiieet  ilhurch on January (ith.   Piled.  _Flroin Cigtartuakers of Monti ea], re-  i.araing the strike now in progress In  tlhal .city. 'Secrotary Instructed to forward 46.'  Prom Alex. MaMordle, secretaiy Letter Carriers' association, Toronto, asking that the council re-indorse their  memorial by writing the postmasto.'-  Boneral, making enquiry as lo wtiat action Is being taken by him towards  ffdantlns the OO iper cent. Increase of  ��pay lo Letter Carriers. Secretary instructed to petltioin the i��st_mti__ter-  jremsral on same. *     '  ���From the Manufacturers' Life Insur-  omce.Company as follows:  '.MANUFACTURERS   LIFE   INSURANCE OOMPANY,"  "Head Oflice, Toronto,:CanaJdii;  *; January 10, 1302.  "To the President of-the Trades and  Labor Council, Vancouver, B. C:  , t  "'Dear Sir,���We are in .rettelpt of an  �����station    of    the   Nelson    Tribune   of  "Wednesday, 'January' lBt, containing a  , despatch from Eosslamd', quoting from  fthe Vancouver World of Decemlber  ��Mh, saying that your council bad  passed a resolution boyodttlng^ the  aianufacturers' OLdfe Insurance Com-  ipaaiy, in conjunction with the Gooder  Hum Syndicate ln B. C. We "believe that  the council la 1n some error In this  ���aattier. The mlstalfle was undoubtedly  caused iby ithe ifaot that Mr. Gooder-  t-smn was, for a number of years, presl-  ��aent of this company. About two years  ago,'however, he disposed of his interest in thte 'Manufacturers' Life, and  when the company was BJnnilgairiaited  . *rith theTempermico anid General,Life  Assurance Company last yeair, the Hon.  O. W. Ross, was elected president of  tfhe united companies. At present Mr.  Coderfiam Is not on the bosund, nor Is  fce or any other memnfber of .the Oood-  'erhanrsyndicate 'iii amy way~coniicct!<l  with this company.; We.haive no doubt  *h__i -when these facts are brought id-  fare you ithat. your count!! will ivlth-  -droftv ithe boycott against oyr oompany,  [ and Uiat you will do your ibest to remedy what harm ntay (have been done  our company In your province through  ���your addon, and through: the publication of mioh notion in the newBpa>pern  I-at the .province. Moping tWuit this nuiy  joeetWilli your approval, I am, yours  truly,    �� "J. P. JUNKIN,  ''Maiuig-lng 'Director.'  sufanea oftmpany, Toronto, and the  Bank of Toronto. Therefore on motion  oif the .Vancouver Trades and- Lalbor  council all mednibers Were requested to  oease (patronizing1 GoodeHhim & Worta'  whiskies, AND TO NOTE THE OTIIH  whiskies, AND IX) NOTM THI_!  OTH03R CONOEIfNS. The local coiin-  cB dleelres to foe perfectly fair In'the,  iiioiflter and that Is ull it requests of  organized lalbor.  Pram Rossland . Trades . aiid Laboir  obu-nciil, * enclosing copy of a lengthy  letter, to Minister of Labor Mulock, pro-  tcstlnig.against the report appearing in  Lalbor Gazette of Deputy Minlstter.W.  L. Madkenaie King regarding the strike  sltoatlon alt. Rbsslland. Piled.  PA!RLrAMlF-NT!AiRY.  COMMITTEE  reported as fotloiii-s: In connection  Mi tin the iTuesitilons submiitited to those  BeeBflhig' the suffrages of the people at  Uie late miurtlclipal election: There  were 14 wplles, 10 candidates not replying, tilirce coining too late ito be  put Into the press. The following' appeared in bhe press before *he election:  "The following candidates for alder-  lnanic:olllce.have' answered the twelve  questions sailbmJibted by itlie Trades and  i^abor council: Ward I���W. BlaiCk-  moi-e, 8 favoralble; W. Skene, 10 favorable; A. .Belthune, 8 favorable.  Ward H.-^Jaimies McQueen, 10 favor-  a.ble; F. Simeson, 10 fairtiraole; ��. A.  Bell, 9 favoralble. Ward .V.���J. Morton, 11 favoraible; W. Towler, 9 favorable; J. G. Johnston, 10 favorable; P.  Wylie,:7 favoraible; Alderman B.: CooJc  sent In a. geoierei] statement, which your  committee did not consider a reply to  tlie clrbular. Since Ulie above were received and reported on three1 more  'have been received, namely, from T.  P. Neelands, Dr. McGulgan, and Mr.  Shelton. Ail of which Is* nesipectfully  suhmltitBid.'-Tbe report waa aldopted.ffj  ORGANIZATION COMMITTEE  reported that a union, starting wl.h  a memJberehdp of 45, talking in all general laborers, had been organized; likewise tlie Indian fishermen of Cawlch-  an halve formed a unilon. Charters from  tibia TWades anld (Lalbor Congress have  been oen.t for.  AUDITING COMMITTEE  submlttedi a lengthy statement showing financial standing of council. , R:-  iport ���-. reoel ved.  Preelden't then appointed  t it,  OOMOMITTBES  as follows:  'Auditing and Finance���J. :M. Sinclair, Frdd. Haiw, C. Durham.  OrgoJiizlng-J'. H. Waitson, J. H.  Browne, J. Dobbin.  Visiting Unions���R. Todd, J. Armstrong, J. Pearey. .  Grievance���E. Burns, H. J. Franklin,  L. Ridley. ,     . >  Parliamentary���'R. iMaqpheraon, VV.  Viles, E. Burns, J. H. Waitson, J.  Brown, ,G. H. Pound, T. A. Phillips, G.  W. Isaacs, A. J. Mortimer, C. J. Salter.  MunAclpall���W. Davis, C. Petroi*. W.  Russell.  ,  . IN GENEIRIAL.      -   \  Painters reportstt that they Siad  trouble .with certain shops and ask that  unions assist bhem-inliajustlS6raame.  placed on the casket out of respect for  deoeiiscd, aflter -wihlah the proceedings  of one of ithe ibest amd most buslness-  Hko and sympaithetlc meetings ever  lield 'by,'the counotl terminated.  ' A SOCIAL FUNCTION.  The oommitee of the Journeymen  Bakers and Confectioners, Local Union  No. 46, of this city, report that all  preparations for the big ball and supper have been completed. Tickets may  be had from nny of the followtlng gentlemen, who comprise the committee  of management : W.' Anderson, C. Wll-  band.G,,-'McLaren, ,C- J. Salter, j.  Teasdale, S. Walker, G. A.-Nelson, F.  Moyles, W. Wood, P.'Bartle and W. H.  Barnes (chairman). .The affair will be  held In the O'Brien Hall on Wednesday  next, and ��� will be the llrst time 'that  this enterprising union has undertaken'  to irecedre and enWrtaln Its friends and  patrona. Valunlble prizes, now on exhibition at Clubb & Stewart's,,the popular Cordova, street dry goods flrmt In  the way of the most artistic of the  wares of .the "trade; will be drawn for,  'besides there wdll ibe special  prizes awarded for. best dancing. Tickets will cost ladles 50 cenlts each and  gentlemen tl.:.. Th��y may be liad at the  ifollowJn& .bakery stores: Mulr's, Mount  Pleasant; Kent & Timms, Cordova  Street; Oben's, Hastings Street; Murray's, Hastings Street eiist; Toronto  Candy Company, Cordova Street; Min  chin's, Granville Street, and Barnwell  Bros., Granville Street  will -be iput down from the 260-foot  level another 100 feet ta the 360 station. The new company seem fully sat-  isflcid that practical mining methods  will kScouire good profitable returns.  The ore Is there, and the new company  seem determined to get their -share of  It The Raven mine is geittlng out  ouperous Iron ore for the smelter..  The iron mine contractors have just  ���finished their contract, and 'J00 tons  of copper ore arc at the .'wharf, on th-1  w'est coast, ready for shipment to smelters.... There is a goodly number of  men (here, awaiting for opening uip ot  more ground to obtain work.  FREIGHT    HANDLERS    ELECT  OFPJCERSi  The United; Brotherhood of Railway  Frelght-Haiidlers, Federal Union No.  4,, has elected its ofllcers: for the ensu-  tne. term as follows: President, Jas.  Sheriff; vice-president, IRalph. Yates;  recording secretary, H. Glover (reelected); secretary-treasurer, J. 'L. Lil-  ley (re-elected); auditors, R. Preiser,  TV. Carnegie, AV. 'Babcock; delegates to  tha Trades 'aaid Labor Council, J. L.  Ulley, F. J. Russell, W. C. Rollins.  The treasurer's report showed that the  union was ln a very 'healthy condition  regaiding its finances. Business was  also reported ibrlslk .at present. After  spending a very pleasant tiune at the  meeting the proceeding's terminated.  The frelgliit-handlei-s halve a splendid  set of ofllcers and all thte memibeis take  a personal ipride and a deep interest in  conducting the iaffairs of tlie union.  CARPENTERS' "SMOKER."  Tlie Amalgaanated Society of Canpen-  ters and Joiners held a very successful  smoiker on Tuesday evening In Union  hall, at mihlcih there was a good attendance. ' The ipresiltent oconpfed the chair  In a very acceptable way.' The even-  Ing's iprogramme was., alengithy ante.  Ajnong those contributing to It were  Messrs. Sefhoifield,1 Hilton/Coffin; Daivld-  son, Smith and Weston, Bunt, Wise,  Laivson, Hancock, ex-Aid. Bruce, Holland and Tawnley,;,Watson, Sholton,  Earle. Tlie Electrloians, who were1 in  session In aai adjoining room, accepted  an invitation to join Jn the festivities  and added considerably to the jnterest  taken In t'he "blow-out." This, one of  the happiest events in the history of  the Jocal union, was ibrought.to a close  shortly after midnight by singing Auld  Lang Syne and the National Anthem.  BARBERS.  The regular meeting of titoe Barber-'  union wan held Wednesday night.  President Isaacs occupied the tfhair in  ���Ilia usual alble manner. E. Morgan  iwiis elected treasurer, vice H. P. Davis  resigned. Pred. Haw was elected as  delegate to thc;Trades and Labor council, vice J. A. Stewart, resigned. The  officers of tho union for the ensuing  term were then installed; .Among the  numerous things of Interest to the  union that canwup for discussion iva.s  the proposed early-closing by-law,  whioh provides;.tihat ail:shops niiist be  olosed at the'some hour.  DOMINION BY-ELECTIONS.  ,J Tlie result of Wednesday's voting In  She Federal iby-eleotions 'is that seven  constituencies Jhave gone liberal and  two conservative. West Yonk���Archibald Campbell CL) ibeat ,Mr. Wallace by  136 votes; Addington���IM. Avery (C)  beat P. >S. .Wartman (L) toy 437; Durham West���Robt. Belth (L) beat J.  Thornton by 21; West ITastitigs���10. G.  Porter (C) Ibeat J. ,G. Frost (L) by 4!)C;  Kingston���W. Harty (L) beat J. H.  Metcalf (C) 'by 732; Lavul���C. A. Wilson (L) 'beat J. E. Leonard (C) and Go-  lilei- (Ind.) iby Kl; LTslat���M. Carbon-  ncau (L) boat E. Carson (Ind.) by 1,  St. Jaaues, Mon trail���Aid. 'Brunet (L)  j-��at J. H. G. 'Bergeson (C) toy 730;  Queen's West, P.' E. I.���D. Farquiha:'-  son (L) 'beat A. A. 'McLean (C) toy W'l  A  Progressive   District   Council   Exempts   Industrial   and  Settlers'   Improvements   from  Taxation,   Yet  Keeps  Down  the  Rates  Low.  Reave Nlcolal Schou, of Burnaiby, has  just been elected for the tenth sucoeJ-  slve term. This ���wet toelleve i.s the'pio-  vlnclal record, thougli Reeve Ladnor,  of ..the 'Delta, Ihas served a very long  time, but his terms have not always  been successive. " Mr. Sc'hou's record  creates soma Interest lh Burnaiby,  which Is, a'ei-owJng outdistriet of \ra.u-  couver anQ New Westminster, and ls  raphily Ibecomlng suibuiiban. It Includes  an area extending from the New Westminster city limits to Hastings and  South Vancouver on the one hand, and  tire area (between the North Arm of the  Fraser and Burrand Inlet on the other.  Most of Central Park, the lumlbor niill  settlement at Barnet and much of the  if arm area on the North Arm or river  road Is In Burnaiby, so too tlhe (power  house of .the B. C. Electric railway.  Hence the interests are yarieki, inolud-  in!g as they do lumbering, railroading,  fanning and horticulture, whilst fully  half of the district Is gradually being  occupied by suburban residences. ' The  adoption of the government small holdings system and development of the  electric .railway: ihave.togetihor unade  and nre making Burnaby, and tihe district council Is doing mil that it can to  back these and other endeavois by  quiet but persistent .work. Th�� dl'trljt  ia (provided; with three putolic schooU,  :ut Central Paa-k, at Eai,t Buinaby mid  at Barnet,:and two ohurches. St..Joint's  Anglican and the Presbyterian Oliuivh  at Central Park. It also possesses .in  agricultural hall, a post office, and a  .well ibullt municipal! iliall and oflloes,  and In addition to a pontlon of the C.  P. R. and the 'Electric railway, four  Important trunk roads, the Vancouver  road, the Hastings and Vancouver oW  road, the Port 'Moody or..'north roa-J,  and "the 'North: Arm or rh-cr road Intersect the district. The ^population Is  steadily advancing towards 1,000. wltti  every prospect of doutoling or even  trebling In the coui-se of the nexit three  or four yeara. The municipal debt,  ciuned nuiinly by tlie making of some  thirty miles of new roads and improvement of others, is $35,CO0, ibut already  there is against this a well lnvest?a  sinking fund of $5,000, and the loans)  have still more than forty years to  run. There Is no , taxation of iiniprove-  meetsln Burnaiby, amd the rates*of.the!  district nre on generally low assessments, the lightest of those of any;  of the municipalities immediately aibout  and beyond the city, limits of Va.noo<ij-��  ver. What Is pjNjcularly notalble Inl  'Burnaiby is the .fact that hot a cent o��  taxation Is levied municipally upon the  buildings and Improvements of tho  'Bainet mill or on the electric powex1  liou^e and buildings. Tliey are enly;  rated on theli- grourfd values, tlie.felec-  tiic railway also paying on a modeiate  u.sses--ineni ot the value of Its il?ht of  wny. in tint, manlier at .least'SoO.OOtt  worth of indiistiial .property Is tax exempted In Burnaby. There too .not a  single settler .pays one cent, on his  homestead or outbuildings���he is taxed  only on h's land, and that moderately.  It may he explained   in connection j of Mrs. W. T. Beern, beloved wife of  ��riU> -the nlbove th.it itho council b-.ui  ��Boelvcd a communication from, the  Itoasland Trakjes and I>abor Council  (dating that, the Ooodei'ham syndicate,  ttt Toronto, coiutrolllng the Centre Star  ���Mid War Eagle ..mines, of Rossland,  "had been declared unfair totvurds or-  *auI_j*Habor, and asked Wrait the sup-  l��ort of all labor orgtuiJzatlons and their  *rtenrrtbers in.Canada In Its actton. .The  i��tioih_tk>n atoq; Included1...'all companies  controlled by the Goot_e**m��n syndicate,  (namely, Goodertiaun '& Wbirte, limited,'  The maitter of patronizing* the,union  label was Ibrouglit up and delegates  ware requested to push the'same.  A Oommiftfcce iwill be appointed at  next meeting to, examine wearing, apparel of delegates and see If they have  at.least one antlcler of wearing apparel  ���with the union label attaohed.  'AcoounLs were ordert<d to toe pmfd.  RESOLUTION OF CONDOLENOE.  WJiereias-ZTlhe "Vancouver Trrides and  Latoor council learns"with deep regret  of-thc passing niway 'at an ��urly age  A NEW GUN HOUSE.  Captain XV. D. Jones, of the Brockton Point light house,, has been asked  by the department- at .Ottawa, to forward a plan of the proposed new house  for the 9 o'clock gun, whldh Is docatad  in Stanley Park;.''..Tenders.will then be  called and the new building erected in  May or June. Meanwhile, the old  rickety building will, be .repaired for  temporary use. This work is badly  needed, and should not' take so very  long_to complete-It. Of-couree.-red-tupe-  Itm must be. gone through, with, or  government officials would not be kept  busy.  RiETAPL CLERK'S.  There are 490 locals that: are affll'Imt-  ei with the'Retail Clerks' Internatlon-  .il Protecti\e Association. Pcnnsylv.i-  nij. has 70, Illinois 61, Ohio 46, New-  York 35, Indiana 32, Massachusetts 2S,  Iowa 21, Texas 20, Michigan 20, California 15, Colorado 14, Wisconsin 13,  Connecticut 10, Minnesota S, Alabama  7, Kentucky 7, West Virginia 7,  Virginia D, Georgia 3, Washington  r>, New Jersey 5. Oklalhama 4, Tennessee 4, Oregon 4, 'Ndbiarika 3, 'Montuna.  South 'Dako'ta, British Colunibla, . Ontario, Vermont, .North Carolina, Louisiana, .Maryland, Florida, Arkansas and  District of Columtola 'have two locals  each. Idaho, Wyoming, Rhode Island  and'South Carolina have one local each.  our worthy cx-tlnanciul secretary, the  sad event taking 'place on Tuesday  eve ilng at her late residence, 638 Rich-  aula street. "By her ideath thefiunily  hu:i lost a. kind and laving wife and  mother and highly esteemed aiUzen.  (Resolvied���Thait <we extend tt> Bro.  iBeers amd Ihis .two little sons our heartfelt sympathy In this their hour of aid  bereavement at the IrreipaiiaJbte loss  they have sustained; also thait this  resolution be recorded on (the inimites.  A WTCttbh was also  "THE INDEPENDENT."  Horace Williamson leaves to-inorrow  for the Kootenays in the interests of  The Ind��])endenti He .will visit the different Interior townH, and will be  pleased to. meet personally nil friends  nnd patrons of this paper. : We bespeak  for Horace a kindly recaption from  our many W'ellrWlslieiH, and if any have  a "kick" or a suggestion to make, we  hope tliey will embrace this opportunity and sen our representative.  THE: DEATH: OF .MiRS. BEER.  The -.many friends and acquaintances  sympathize with Mr. W. J. Beer, late  financial secretary of the Trades and  Lalbor council, dn, the death, of Ihis beloved wife,,'Which* sad event occurred  on Tuesday evening at the family residence, 633 Richards street. Mrs. Beer  had Ween In ilil-heailt'h since September.  She leaves two little sons to mourn lier  loss.* The deceased wus a young lady  of fine,; amiable disposition, oliarltable  almb��t"ito"*a"fault71in'd"iwa_)"he|ld"ln 'high  esteem 'by all .who 'knew iher. The  .funeral,', whlehl was largely "attended,  lodk iplace yesterday afternoon.  FROM VAN ANDA.  The Northwest Copper coiiipany, ��u--  cessors to the Van jVnda Copiier and  Gold company, .are doing the'.'preliminary woiik preparatory, to! erecting a  tramway from the Cornell mine to the  smelter, for the conveyance of Its output of copper ore. Also the company  Is'.(preparing for the erection of : more  powerful machinery at both mines���to  ordered to be I incrense tho outiput of ore.   The shaft I  ALEXANDRA WILL RE-OPEN.  The mine iwlll be opened up and kept  running until Nos. "2 and 3, Extension,  are ready, to work, wihen It'will toe closed 'permanently and the men drafted  to worlk at Extension. Mr. Dunsmuir  arrived at South Wellington and completed Brrangeinents for opening, the  said mine.'> Report has gained currency  that the mine Is to he opened on a basis  of GO cents for 2,iM 'pounds of .coal, and  that: Mr. Duiisiiiiilr will he at South  Wellington' to-day to Iny his. plnn before" the nien.  CHINESE EXCLUSION.  The Geary act for the exclusion of  Chinese., will expire tn 1902. Reform  and la'bor organizations are already active In endeavoring1 not alone to .have  t'he not perpetuated, but to 'have further restrictions added. Congressman  Wllllnm_ Sulzer,,;ot New York, expresses himself thus on the siune-aub-  jeut: "I .will note to re-enact the Chinese exclusion law, with amendments  which .will really exclude'. It would lie  an outrage on every American workingman to admit these Mongolian cutthroats. It would be' taking bread  from the mounlis of American wives  and children. During the past summer  I have 'been out on tihe Pacific slope,  and .1 ihave. Investigated the question of  Chinese labor. They are the rats of  the 'bread-winning world, and 1 am  against aetting another one of them Into the country."  In ithe  current   issue    of  the  clqrar  makers'  official journal  the following  tiatole 4s iprepared:  Number of boot    and   shoe factories in San Francisco   Number of same  run    by white  men   Number of same mil iby Chinese  Slipper  factories  (all Chinese  labor)    Nuiimlber   of> Chinese   laundries   In  iSnn Pranci.��co   Number   of  Chinese  employed   In  same   Number of  Chinese; employed  in  laundries with whites    615  ; 60  51(1  7560  Total 8263  Number of Chinese elgaimiakers.. 8300  Nuii��bor_of_!WhiIte_cigarmakera 17!)  Nuirtber. of Chinese employed  by  2.1 clothing linns 6010  In   the  manufacture    of    custom  wonk and underwear 1300  public   utilities   commenced.    lAt   tihat  time It was considered a dream and ita  adioeate-s weie called rainbow- chasers,  but when  we stop  to-day to analyze  the result of this'few "years' agitation  wo find Jn t'he British Isles that 70 tf  (ihe municipalities own their own street  railways, controlling 210 miles of track,  iis��in��t 10" private companies who haifm  only S3X mlKs.   iMost of the water companies outside of London are now under niunlcipal'oivnei-slilp.   One-half of  rhe gas made  In  the  British  L��les  is  b.v the municipalities. The 'reports from  the United Suites al.'-o are very enoour-  efflng.   In IS.19 Uhe commissioner of labor mnde am investigation In the cities  of over 1,000 population.  He found that  I,7vS7   of  the   cities   owiredl   ttielr   own'  water woiks. He found 460 of tihe dtlsa  owning, and operating lighting ,pliints_  14   municipalities   had   their   own   gas  plants.    Tilie  encouraging side of   the  investigation  is this,   that the claims  set forth by the advocates of municipal  ownership were true,  for in every in- ,  stance t'he juice was cheapened to tlhe  consumer, while the wage1 and conditions of* the employees was Inci^eased  and    benefited.     Another   ipolnt   tihat  should   not   be lost sigiht of, ��� liolltlcal  corruption iliail decreased where municipal  ownership ihas been can lid  into  effect.    This,  we state. Is encouraging  to those who took,up. this agitation in  the Rice of such opposition a few years  ago.   Fiom now- on the movement will  Increase and si-ow rapidly, and we predict  thill  the next  ten years will se^  tntiiilc'ipal street railways in operation  in Aineiic-u, ���<*>   let the advocates of  municipal    ownership    take    coinage,  shurpen_theIr_sivord.s_aml_coi!tlnue_the ���  'battle more* fiercely than ever.���Ex.  Photographs .weire first, taken In 1S02.  Russia Is now opening new savings  batiks at the rate of 600 a year.  Out of tflia B07 theati-es .burnt'dnr-  ing the la��t century 17J were In Anier-  lciu  Silk.la so cheap In Madagascar-Miat  the .poorest ipeaple wear clothing iriade  fromrlt  Total 7.110  Number of white, tailors.. .. '._���".,'.'lOOO  Chinese milt and ivegetable ped-  lei-s ���.'. ���...:.... ..... .. .. ,. ....   ill;;  Wnges of Chinamen run from $20 to  $28 'per month; wages of white talloi.H  averagv *lf> per weeik. Deullne In rate  of wages of .tailors Klnce the IntHMluc.  tlon of the Chinese Into Uhe trade. In  1876, from $25 per week In 1876 to ti-3  per week In 1881. It tuny'be iuld:��l tint  the siMiie .stmtc of conditions cotnpiira-  Wvely exists on the we.tern coa.ft o..  Cn inula.  UNION LABEL.  Give   us  a   label   for everything   we  ay  MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP.  Advocates of jnunlolpail owneretilp  and operation of public .utilities have  muoli to ibe enoounag*d owr when thoy  review, the history of the past few  years. It Is scarcely over half a score  years ago since the agitation for municipal  ownership    and operation  wear, from tli���J.soIc of our feet to the  crown of oiir'head. Humnier It into our  shoes; paste it into oui-'hato. sew It tn  our .wettrfnK apparel. Have the .bakar  balte li in 'his bi-iMd. t.he painter .pulnt  It-on His ���sign.", the plasterer plaster  Jt on the w-iills, the polisher polish It tn  his metals, the machinist mould It In  his engines, the patte-ininakei fnshkM  It In lvl.x patterns. Hnve'the s-Miillor nail  It to the'iinnst and the shipwright carre  i ll ut t'he piwr. Unw.'Unlon doctors  .bow n.s into the world and union grav��-  dlKWSVi-H usher us ut. Let labor but  once learn, this lesxon and strike at  the 'business counter of the non-umlon  stores, and it, will carry with it an In-  fhienct" and example 'that no opposition  enn withstand.-���Ex.  :-mk  Por.stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia. Tablets. r.They. cure  or you get your money baok.   Cftc box.  of  McDowall, Atkins,-Wat��on Co.  W$i  !��$$%&  'S.X'y.My  f^MMM  f'>A,.i*'<?i  ���mm  mmmmsm  i'��s*  ���j.^>>i'.  '0;.r^i'-.iJ.y:"  ^xX-J^iilKi A SERMON ON DREAMS  Dr. Talmage oil a Much Talked  Of Subject.  Ty-,  !  !'*'  m  <\i ���-  il.  |!:'V'  I  DISCUSSED UNDER  FIVE HEADS  WaUlus Thoughts' Unn Tholr Eclio in  Sleeping TUouxlilil ��� God Frequently  Appears In llrcums lo Warn, Convert  and   Savo   Meu-A  Few  Instiiucos lle-  countetl.  a ��� ������  . 'Entered ncrardlni:to Aot atParllnnient of Canada, In Iho year 11X11, by William H'ltly. ot Toronto, ut, .he Dop'u of Agriculture. Ottawa.  Washington,''Dec. 1.���In this discourse Dr. Tal lunge discusses a  much talked of subject and ono in  Which all arc interested. The text  ,. is Joel ii, '28: "I will put out my  spirit upon all Dcsh. Your old men  shall dream dreams, your young men  shall see visions." '���  In this photograph of the millennium the dream is lifted into great  conspieuity.,,    You may say     of    a  _ dream that it is nocturnal fantasia,  or that it is the absurb combination'  of waking thoughts, and with a slur  of intonation you may say:     "It is  , only a dream"; but God- has honored    the   dream   by waking it      the  avenuo  through  which  aguin       and  again he has inarched upon the   human soul,  decided tho fate of      nations,  and changed the    courso    of  tho world's history.     God appeared  in    a dream to Abimclcch,  warning  him  against an unlawful marriage ;  in a dream to Jacob, 'announcing, by  the ladder set against the* sky  full  of  angels,   the .communication      between earth and heaven; in a dream  to   Joseph,  foretelling, his      coming  power under  tlio flguro'of all      the  sheaves of the harvest bowing down  to    his     sheaf;   to  the chief butler,  foretelling  his  disimprisonment;     to  the  chief  baker,   announcing;   his decapitation; to Pharaoh, showing him  first the seven plenty years and then  ?ho    seven      famine     struck  years,  under       the       figure     of    the   seven     lean     cows       devouring     tho  seven     fat'    cows;      to     Solomon,  giving       him :     the       choice       between wisdom and riches and   honor;   to a warrior,  under'"tho    figure  -of "a barley cake smiting down .  a  tent, encouraging Gideon in his battle against the .Midiaiiitcs;  to ���'���'��� Nebuchadnezzar, under the    figure of a  broken image and n hewn down tree,  foretelling     the  overthrow  of      his  power; to Joseph, of the New Testament, announcing the birth of Christ  in his own   .household,  and      again  bidding  him lly  from    Herodic   persecutions;  to  Pilate's wife,   warning  him not to become complicated with  ���the judicial overthrow of Christ.;  Wo. all admit that "God.ih: ancient  'times and undoi;7Bible, dispensation  -addressed the [y. people through  dreams. The'iiuestioh now is, docs  ���God appear in our day and reveal  .himself through 'dreams? This is  'the question everybody asks, - and  ���that question I will try to answer7  "You ask me if I believe in dreams.  :My answer as, I dd',- but,all Ihave  -to say will be under five heads.  ���-, Remark the First.���The. Scriptures  ���are so full of revelation from God  that ,if we get no 'communication  from Him in "dreams .we ought, nevertheless, to be satisfied.  . Willi twenty guidebooks to tell.you  how to. get; to New York or 1'itts-,  burg or London or Glasgow or Manchester do you want' a night vision  to tell you how to niiike the journey? : We have in this Scripture full  direction in regard to. tho. journey:  of this life and how. to get to the  celestial city, aiid with this grand  guidebook, this magnificent directory, : wc ought to be satisfied. I  have moro faith in a decision-to  which reomewhen I dm wide awake  thaii when 'I aiii sound asleep. I  have noticed;that those who give a  groat' deal; of their time to studying  dreams get their brains add led.  ..7 Sound- sleep received great libnoi  y.hen Adam slept so extraordinarily,  that the surgical incision which gave  :,him Eye did not awake him, but  "there is'iio such need for cxlraordin-  aryi;.'. slumber now,: arid he who  .catches-an Eve must needs be wide  awake! ;> No need of such a dream;  as Jacob had, with a ladder against  the sky, when ton thousand .'. times  it has been-;demonstrated, that earth-'  and heaven are in communication.  No such dream needed ns that which  was given to Abimclcch, warning  him against ah unlawful marriage,  ���when we have the records of the  county clerk's office.' No need of  ���Guchva dream ns was given to Phar-  aoh nbout the seven years of famine  for now nTTiseH"sons~iiiarch^===ih!  regiila-r; procession and steamer and  rail train carry brcndsluffs to every  famine*'struck nation. No need of  a dream like that, which encouraged  Gideon, for all through Christendom  it is announced and acknowledged  and demonstrated that righteousness  sooner or later will get the victory.  If there should come about a crisis  in your life upon which the Bible  does not seem to bo sufficiently specific, go to God in .prayer, and you  will get especial direction. ���' I have  more faith ninety-nine times out of  a hundred in directions given you  with the Bible in your lap and your  thoughts uplifted in prayer to God  thnn in all tho-information-you'will  get. unconscious on your pillow.  I can very easily understand why  the Babylonians and the Egyptians  -with no Bible, should put so much  ���stress on dreams, and the ''-Chinese  in their holy book, Chow King,  should think thcir emperor gets his  'directions through j dreams from  <3od, and that Homer should think  that all dreams came from Jove,  and that in nncient_times dreams  were classified into a science, but  ���wliy do you aiid 1 put so much sticss  upon dreams when wo have a supernal book of infinite wisdom on all  subjects? Why should w.o harry  ouiselvcs with dreams? Why should  Eddy-stone and Barnegnt lighthouses  finest ion a summer firefly?  Remark the Second ���All dreams  have an impoitnnt moaning. They  jprove that the soul is comparatively  lndi'imndeiit of  the body.        The  eyes are closed, the senses' are dull,  the entire body goes into a lethargy  \ihich in all languages is used as a  type of death, and then the soul  spreads its wing and never sleeps.  It leaps tiie Atlantic ocean and  mingles in scenes :>,000 miles away.  It travels great reaches of time,  Hashes back eighty years, and the  octogenarian is a boy again in his  father's house. If the soul before  it lias entirely broken its chain of  llcsh can do all this, how far can it  iciip, what circles can il cut when  it is fully liberated! Every dream,  whether agreeable or harassing, whether sunshiny or tempestuous, means  Vo much that, rising from your  couch, you ought to kneel down and  say: ("Oil  God,  am   1   immortal ?  Whence? Whither? Two natures.  My hoiiI caged now���what when the  door of the cage is opened? If my  soul Cjin lly so far in the few hours  in which my body is asleep in the  night,how far can it lly when my  isody sleeps iho long sleep of tho  grave? Oil,  tliis [lower to dream,  now .startling, how overwhelming I  Immortal, immortal!  Remark llie 'Third.���The vast ma-  /.orily of dreams aro merely the result cf disturbed physical condition  .mil are not a supernatural message.  ��� Id) had carbuncles and he was  ������ci'.iod in t.he night, ,11c* says,  ."Thou seaiest me with dreams  ind teii'ifiest ine with visions." Solomon had an overwrought brain,  overwrought with public business,  and he suffered.from erratic shuftber,  and he writes in Kcclcsiastcs. "A  (iream cometh through tho multitude of business." Dr. ^Gregory',  in experimenting with dreams,found  that a'bottle of hot water put to  !:is feet while in slumber made him  think ltc'w'as going up'the hot sides  of Mount Etna. Another morbid  physician,'"    experimenting with  dreams, his feet uncovered . through  sleep, thought he was riding in an  Alpine diligence. Iiut a great many  dreams are merely narcotic disturbance' Anything that you see while  under the. inlluence of chloral or  brandy- or 'hasheesh or laudanum is  not a revelation from Clod.   "  Oo not mistake narcotic disturbance for divine revelation. But I  have to tell you that the majority  of the dreams are: merely the penalty of outraged digestive organs,  and you have no right io .mistake  the nightmare for heavenly revelation. Late suppers are a warranty;  deed for bad dreams. Highly spiced salads at 11 o'clock.nt night,,instead of opening the door heavenward, open the door infernal and  diabolical. You outrage natural  law, and you insult the God who  lias made those laws. , It takes.from���  three to live' hours to digest food,  and you have.no right to keep your  .digestive organs in struggle when  the rest of your body is in somnolence'. The general rule is' eat  .nothing after 0 o'clock at night, retire at; 10, sleep; on. your right side,  .keep' the window open five inches for  ventilation, and other worlds will,  not disturb you much. By physical  inaltreatment you take the ladder  that Jacob saw in his dream, and  you- lower it to the nether world,  allowing the: ascent' of the demoniacal. : Dreams arc .midnight' dyspepsia.1.  An unregulated desire for something  to cat. ruined the race in paradise,  and; an unregulated desire .for something to eat keeps; it ruined. The  world during 0,000���'years;.'has tried  .iii.vaiir'lo' digest that first'-' apple.,  The world will not'.bo' evurigaliv.cd  lir.til wo'gol i'i(l-of;a dyspeptic Christianity; ;;; 'Healthy: people - do. not  v.'ant. .tlio cadaverous and::sleepy thing  Unit; some people call religion.' They,  want a. religion that-.lives.;.regularly!  '���S'-.i'ny -and sleeps soundly, by night.  U" through' trouble;.or coming: on of.  old _igp.br exlia.'.st.ion of Christian  I'crviee. you cannot sleep Well, then  you r.lay expect from God "songs in:  ���'.:o night," but there are. no blessed  eciiiniiinicntions..to those, who willingly surrender; indigcstiblcs. 7 Niv:  .jjolcoi.i.-s.,.,.-.' army :>.I Leipsic, Dresden  abd .I'oroditid came,.hear being des-'  ��� troyod through Hie, disturbed gastric juices of; Us commander. K That  is the way ypu have, lost some of  youi' battles. .; ':'    ������-'-".'.'  Another remark I make;is that our  dreams'-' are apt to be merely the  echo, of our. daytime thoughts. I will  give ,, you a recipe* for ���:.- pleasant  dreams. Kill, your days with elevated '.'thought* and .unselfish'-- action;  and .vo_iir;i!i-eii_ns.wiil'bo set to music. If. all. day .'.vou. are gouging and  gasping,' and ... avaricious,' ' in your  Urea ins you will see gold that -you  cannot, clutch and bargains in wliich  you were out-Shylocked. If during  the day ypu arc irascible and pugnacious and guiipow-dci-y of disposition, you .will at night have battle  with enemies in which they will get  4]___J._es__J-LJ___it'���IL yovL nre all  day long in a hurry, artiightr~-yoir  will dream of rail trains that; you  want to catch while you cannot  move one inch toward, the depot.  If you arc always ovcrsuspicioiis and  expectant of assault, you will have  at night-hallucinations" of assassins  with daggers drawn. -No,ono wonders that.Richard III., the iniquitous, the night before the battle of  Doswo'rth Field dreamed that all  those whom he had murdered slared  at him and tlint he was torn to  pieces", by demons from the pit.  The .scholnr!.s'dream'is a philosophic  echo. The poet's dream is a rhythmic echo. Coleridge composed his  " Kubla Khan" asleep in a  narcotic dream and, waking up,  wrote down '100 lines of it.  Turlinia, the violin player, composed  his most 'wonderful sonata while  asleep in a'dream so vivid that, waking, lie cosily .transferred it to paper. . -,'....  Waking thoughts have their echo  iii sleeping thoughts. If a - mail  spend his life in trying to make others happy and is heavenly7 .minded,'  around his pillow he will see cripples who have got ovcr their crutch,  and processions of celestial imperials, and hear the grand maicli roll  down fiom diuiiis of heaven over jasper pniapets You are veiy apt 'o  hear in dicanis what jou hear when  you are wide awake.  The Hev. Br. Bushncll in his marvelous book entitled "Nature nnd the  Supernatural" gives the following  fact that he got from Captain Yount  ln California, a fact confirmed by  many families: Captain Yount dreamed twice one night that 150 miles  away there was a compnny of travelers fast in the snow. , He also saw  in the dream rocks of peculiar formation and, telling this dream to an  old hunter, the-hunter, said: "Why,  I remember those rocks. Those rocks  are in the Carson Valley Pass, 150  miles away." Captain Yount, impelled by this dream, although laughed nt, by his neighbors, gathered men  together, took mules and blankets  nnd started out on the expedition,  traveled IflO miles, saw those very  rocks wliich he had described in' his  dream and found the suffering ones  at the foot of those rocks. brought  them back lo confirm the story of  Captain Yount. Who conducted Unit  dream? The God of the snow; the  God of Iho Sierra Novudns. [,  God has often appeared in resourco  and comfort.    You have known   people���perhaps it is something 1 slate  in your experienec-r.vou  have     seen  peoplo go to sleep'with,bereavements  inconsolable, aiid they awakened     in  perfect resignation because of   what  they had seen in slumber,    llr. Cranage, ono of the most remarkable men  1 over met ��� remarkable for benevolence and great    philanthropies ��� at  Wellington, England, showed    me a  house whcio the Lord had appeared  in a wonderful dream to a poor woman.       Tho woman was rheumatic,  sick, poor to the last point of destitution.    She was waited on and cared for by another poor woman,    her  only attendant.    Word came to  hor  one day that this poor woman     hnd  died, nnd the invalid of whom I   am  speaking lay helpless upon tho couch,  wondering what would become of her.  In that mood she fell asleep.    In her  dreams she said the angel of the Lord  appeared and took her into the open  air and pointed in one direction, and  there wero mountains of bread,    and  pointed    in another direction,     and  there were mountains of butter,   and  pointed in    another direction,     and  there were mouiilains of all kinds of  worldly -supply.       The angel of the  Lord said to her: "Woman, all these  mountains belong    to    your Father,  and do you think ho will let     you,  his child, hunger and die?" Br. Cranage       told "   me       by     some     divine       impulse       ho       went    into  that    destitute    home,       saw    the  'suffering     there,     and  administered  unto it, caring for her all the    way  'through.    Bo you tell me that   thai  dream was woven out of earthly anodynes?       Was that the phantasmagoria of a diseased brain? No; it was  an,all sympathetic Cod addressing a  poor Woman through a dream.  Furthermore, I havo to say that  there are people who were converted  to God through a dream. The Hev.  John Newton, the fame of whose  piely (ills all Christendom, while, a  profligate sailor on shipboard, in his  ���dream thought that a being approached him and gave him a very-  beautiful ring and put it upon his  finger and said to him: "As long as  yoii wear that ring you will be prospered; If you lose that ring, you  will be ruined." In tho same dream  another personage appeared and hy  a strange infatuation persuaded John  Newton , to throw overboard that  ring, and it'sank into tlie sea. Then  tho mountains in sight were full of  fire, and the air was lurid with consuming wrath. While John Newton  was repenting of his folly in having  thrown overboard the treasure another personage came through the  dream and told John Newton he  would plunge into tho sea nnd bring  that ring up if he desired it. He  plunged into the sea and brought it  up and said .to John Newton, "Here  is that gem7 but I think I will keep  it for you lest you lose it. again."  And John Newton consented, nnd all  the fire went out from the mountains  and all the signs of lurid wrath disappeared'; from the air, and John  Newton,;said thai he saw in his  dream that that valuable gem was  his soul and that the being who per-  suaded.-.liim-.' to throw it overboard  .was Satdn and that the one who  plunged in    and   irestored that goin  I._.....:-.__  -^   *-..   ,.:...*        ,���...:...        ....  THE CLOCK DOCTOK.  HIS SYSTEM OF  CURING SICK  ANiy  DISABLED TIMEPIECES.  The Secret by Which a Yankee Me-  chnnlc Oat ot "Work Made an Easy  LIvIiib ��� III* Imposing; Array o(  Tools nnd the Enchanted Can.  keeping it for him, was Christ. And  that dream makes one of the most  wonderful chapters in the life of that  most wonderful man.  Rev. Herbert .Mendes was converted  to God through a dream of the Inst  judgment,' and many of us have had  some dream of that great day of  judgment, which shall bo the winding  up of the world's history. If you  have not dreamed of it, perhaps tonight you may dream of that day.  There aro 'chough materials to make  a dream. Enough voices, for there  shall be the rouring'of the elements  anil the great earthquake. Enough  ..light for the dream, for tho world  "shall blaze. Enough excitement for  tho mountains     shall fall.    Enough  =\vatci:-,===,for___=_the (^cvii^sjian^rcnr^  Enough astronomical, phenomena, foF  the stars sliall go out. Enough populations, for all the races of all tho  ages will'fall into lino of one of two  processions, the one ascending and  tho other descending, the one led on  by tho rider on the whito horse of  eternal victory, tlio other led on by  Apollyon on the black charger of  eternal defeat. The dream comes on  me now, nnd I see the lightnings  from above answering the volcanic  .disturbances-from beneath, nnd I  hem- the long reverberating thunders  that shall wake up the dead, nnd all  the seas, lifting up their crystal  voices, cry, "Como io judgment!"  und all the voices of heaven cry,  "Como to judgment!" and crumbling  mausoleum and Westminster Abbeys  and pyramids of the dead with marble voices cry, "Conic to Judgment!"  And tho archangel seizes an instrument of music wliich hns never yet  been sounded, an instrument of music that was made only for one sound,  and, thrusting, that mighty trumpet  through tho.clouds und turning it  this way, he.shall.put it to his lips  and blow.the long, loud blast that  shnll make the solid caith quiver,  c.iynig, "Como to judgment!"  Then    from    this    earthly grossness  quit,  Attired in stais, we shall foi ever sit.  A mnn employed ns n fitter ot parts or  finisher of clock movements in a Connecticut clock factory received notice somo  years oro that the entire plant would, on  a stated day, close its doors for nn indefinite period, owins to the business depression then prevailing throughout the country. On the appointed day.lie and the  otlier bunds left tlieir benches. For the  first week or so idleness seemed to him  like n needed vacation, but as the days  rolled by without nny prospect ot a resumption of work he had to consider how  he .was going to earn his living.  Plowing or driving a truck team was  out of the question with him, and he fintd-  ly decided to fit up n wagon and drive  about the country tinkering clocks. , Accordingly a light rig.was secured and  fitted out with queer looking hammers,  duck billed pinchers and what not. Then  to give nn imposing air to the outfit he  lidded a miscellaneous assortment ot extra parts of clocks, such ns dinlB, pointers,  verges, clock springs, etc. Most important of nil was the ingenuity and good nature of n Yankee which he supplied himself.  Driving leisurely nlong over the country ronds he would pick out a house,  nlight, hitch his horse to n hospitable post  and saunter in, something as a near relative would do.  "Got nny sick clocks here, madam?"  he would ask.  This style of introduction generally  succeeded nnd disabled timepieces wore  brought to light.  "What's the matter with the clock,  anywny?" he would say ns lie cxnruined  a clock. Then the whole story o�� its rise  nnd fall would follow.  "Been prying into the cogs with the  handle of a feather duster?"  "No, sir.   Nothing of the kind.'?  "Has it ever to your certain knowledge  unloosed  Itself  from  its moorings  nnd  fallen to the Door?" ,  "No, indeed; nothing of the kind. It  simply petered out, that's nil."  "Too bud!" nnd a doubtful shake of the  head would indicate Hint the attending  physicinn considered the ense nuite serious. "Well," he would go on, "I hnve  nn emergency wngon witli me and I nm  laboring under the impression that if the  case is placed in my hands at once the  iifUictcd one may be restored to robust  health."  His services being retained, he would  lay out on tho,dining room table In nn  imposing milliner the extra part3, the  queer looking hammers and the duck  billed pinchers. lie would also bring in,  but would not mnke conspicuous, an enchanted can containing a mngic fluid.  Eveiything being rendy, the hands nnd  face were removed first, then came the  pendulum. Examination of the interior  was usually followed by tho same procedure. - *  The springs were wound to tholr fullest extent nnd the movement wns taken  from its accustomed place" and sot upon  the work table. Then, with a dexterous  movement o�� the clock tinker's fingers,  the small verge tbnt held in chock the  power of the spring by locking into the  teeth ot the crown wheel nt the'npcx.of  tho train was slipped from the small  wire that kept it in plnce nnd nwny weut  the entire train spinning like mad. A  slight pressure of the forefinger ngninst  tho swiftly revolving verge or crown  wheel would net ns n coaster brake nnd  thetrnin would be brought to a standstill.  The cover to the enchanted can wns  quickly removed nnd the metal movement  was allowed to sink to the bottom of the  magic fluid contained therein, thus giving  the tightly wound movement n chance to  splash in the fluid until it wus completely  unwound.  When the wheels had censed to spin,  the clock tinker would take the movement  out nnd rub it dry. The next step was to  lubricate it, wliich was done by placing  om-hnlf of n hickory nut meat between  tlie jnivs of the duel; billed pinchers nnd  with a firm grip pressing out the oil,  which, through the agency or n broom  splint, wns conveyed to the uonriiig ot every pinion tip. The verge was put back  on the little wire and locked into the  crown wheel once more, the springs newly wound nnd the convalescing patient  wns well on the road io recovery. The  movement wns set back in its own plnce,  the pendulum rod and ball carefully adjusted, the face nml hands restored nnd  again the recorder ot minutes was on thu  shelf, guing tick-tuck, tick-tack.  "Now. XI r. Clockman, that sounds  homelike.   What's your bill?"  "Well, for chronic cases like this our  fee is usually $1." And he snid afterward  tin1 money ciiine like finding it.  When business was nt its bost. he'received word that the factory would soon  start up on full time nnd his services  would be required to make more clocks  for future clock tinkers tn doctor up.'  ���ln_lator years lie explained the trick as  followsPIfHso"('iii8~lhat~six-out-o��-every  ten bnlky clocks nre olllicted with the  same disorder, gummy, dirty pinions, nnd  instend of taking the whole movement  apart ho slipped the verge off nnd allowed  the movement to run down in n can of  common stove gasoline. The llnid would  remove the old nil that hnd cullcctcd dust  nnd- Iiut to an extent that stopped tbe  clock,   the   revolving   pinions   cleansed  themselves ond when the movement V/ns  taken from the liquid it was in.run,lng  order again.- '������  Milk !��� Fattening.  "If milk does not disagree with one, n  quart or mora a day will help Immensely  in the work of getting fat. It should be  sipped rather slowly, as It turns into  curds the moment it reaches tho gastric  juices of the stomach and when a largo  quantity is swallowed at once the laige  mass formed is not quickly digested. A  tnhlespoontul of limewater In a glass of  mill; will neutralize Its bilious proper-  tics.  Rtilea   and   Exceptions.  "Politeness is never wasted," remarked  the man of Cbesterficldian manners.  "Well, mister," answered the weather  benten person, "that may be true In  your part'of town, but if you was. in the  cnnnlbont business you'd know that thero  ain't any use whatever ot saying 'please'  to a mule."-             ���-  A WORD TO HUSBANDS.  A Fen- ThonKhtu on tbe Consideration That la Dae -Wives.  Because misery flaunts itself before the  world many believe that happiness is the  exception and not the rule. "Happiness  is ofttlmes secretive and quiet; misery is  noisy and communicative. Happiness  seeks no confiduat; unhappincss wants tn  be sympathized with. Happiness thanks  God in silence. Misery cries aloud to the  world."  Having announced these truths, the  writer on "The Dhty at Husbands" In  The New World says further thnt, while  a cross, faultfindiig wife la a terrible  thing, a man may leek refuse in tho  saloon, the corner grocery, his ofilco or  his club, but, alas, if tlio husband corner  home in a state of irritation and wrath  there is nothing for the wife to do but  to jump out of the window, train herself  for a monument of fortitude or, worse  still, talk back and make a point et getting in the Inst word.  A woman driven to bolster up her self  lespect on the consciousness thnt she is a  victim who is unappreciated and that sho  must wait for virtue to bring Its own  reward somewhere and some time Is sure  to become n very'self righteous individual  and exceedingly unpleasant to live with.  Und her little efforts at goodness been  met with amiability from her husband  and her cases of overworked nerves been  treated with tact it is probable that she  would have developed as a loving womanly woman instead of a complaining  martyr. Continues the writer:  . "Why not study your wife as you study  your partner? Why not be as tactful  nnd patient, with her as you aro with  him? Why not entertain and amuse her  as you do your customers nud patrons?  "If you culled at yoiirne'shbor's houso  and found anything amiss, how suave  nnd amiablo you would be about it. Are  you-equally so when things go amiss at  your own homo?  "If not, why not?  "Why nre neighbors to be treated with  more consideration than your very dearest ones?  "There is no woman on tlio face of the  enrth to whom you should show such  considerate tlioughtfiilness as to your  wife, You should study to avoid aggravating her ���fnults, and you should  strengthen her best qualities by judicious  praise."  The Late Dowager Empress.  It is to tho Empress Frederick, the  eldest daughter of Queen Victoria, that  Germany is indebted for Innovations that  no German woman would haro had the  hardihood to suggest. During the lifetime of William II., ns the wife of th��  crown prince, the prospective empress,  slio wielded an immense influence���an Influence approved by her husband, who  adored her, nnd which hnd for its paramount aim the advancement of German  women. She, herself a woman of naturally strong mind, bud been thoroughly  well educated. She has been called "a  woman of universal attainments," familiar with international politics, Interested  in art and science aud, like her sister  Louise, now the Duchess of Argyll, she  beguiled the time with brush, pen and  pencil and kept up a voluminous correspondence with ihe eminent men and  womcu of every country in Europe ' It it  due to her that the thiergarten, once *  pleasure ground for tho aristocracy, was  thrown open to the people, and she was  also instrumental in establishing playgrounds for ehililreu in various open  squares about Berlin. Ilcr chief monument, however���one destined to have n  direct effect upon the future development  of Germany--wns the establishment of  the Victoria lyccum for the higher education of women, nud to. which not only  Germans but those of otlier nationalities  arc admitted. The tuition, which is tha  best that the empiro affords, Is free, ami  Ihe Empress Frederick gave to it liberally of her own private means.  they are accepting the choice ot mothers,  wives nnd daughters In matters that  deeply concern their culture and mental  development The home influence is lost  when the wife makes life a mera drudgery in which there Is no artistic expression or appreciation In the household;  likewise she does not stimulate and attract when her personal adornment is  neglected and she fails to make the most  ot the physical gifts of nature.  CUTTING DIAMONDS.  rn-ncli sniiniurhiii IlutitH. ,  Franco has 14. submarine boats  built or completing, and eight moie  projected.  Women Arbiters of Taste.  In civilized countries nud nations wo-  mcif by tradition nud practice are tlio  chief arbiters of our artistic life, says A.  S. Atkinson, M. D., in The Ledger  Monthly. They givo by suggestion nnd  appreciation tho , direction and form  ���which���art���cxprcssIon_.tnki's.__Th_s_ Is  manifest particularly' In the home.' In  personal adornment and tn social conditions, the three great artistic forms of a  woman's life. Men nre influenced iri  tlieir appreciation of tho beautiful in lifo  by these three fuclors. They learn to  accept as the true standard ot tnsto what  they daily sec in their homes, on tho  streets  and   in   society.     Unconsciously  The Various StnRcs ot a Delicate and  IntercMliiR ' Pruc(n��.  "Tho diamond, when mined," said an  expert, "is very often of n shape so uneven that, In preference to cutting half  off and letting that part go tu dust, or  was formerly done, incisions are now  mado running with the grain of the diamond. The Incision is made ,wlth tho.  sharp edge of another dinuiou'd. Tha  .cleaving knifo Is thou inserted aud given  a sharp tap, and the stono will split as  thu grain runs, and thus two or more  smaller but better shaped diamonds are  made.  "After the diamond is cleft It is necessary to do the rough cutting technically  known as 'brutiug.'. This is done by  atlixing two diamonds en tho ends ot  two boxwood sticks with a very hard  cement. Onu is then rubbed against tho  other, nod 'diamond cuts diamond.' They  arc held over's cutting bux having two  iron pegs for lovers aad containing finely  perforated brass puns, through which  the dust falls, tho chips remaining In the  top pan,  "Tho stone, having beem cut to the satisfaction of tho master, Is taken to tha  polishing room, where a setter selects a  suitnblo sized brass cup, called a 'dope,'  fills it with a mixture of lead and tin  aud melts it in a gas flame. Having  worked tho solder to its proper shapo he  places the diamond in the center, leaving  only a very small part exposed. A mark ls  mado on the solder before it becomes  thoroughly set, nnd then the stono is  passed on fo the polisher. By the mark  made on tho solder tho latter knows at  once tho precise run of tbo grain and thn  way in which it will polish to'tho best'  advantage on tho mill.  "The first operation is tbo making ot  the 'tabic' of tho diamond. This done, it  is handed back to the setter that he may  take it out of the solder and teset It for  the first corner, called the flat corner.  Tho solder is again marked to Indlcato  to the polisher the run of the grain of  this particular corner, and so the process'  is continued until tho diamond is polished  throughout. Every facet hns a unme,  and every name denotes the grain and  how to polish that particular facet. Tho  poluher uses a circular disk composed ot  soft, porous Iron, so that as tho diamond  is polished away in tho form of dust it  enters the pores of the Iron, tho result  being that wc hnve the diamond cutting  the diamond again.  "Without the assistance of the diamond  dust the iron would not make the slightest  impression on the diamond. The polishing wheel or disk is propelled hy steam  power nnd makes 2.000 to, 3,000 revolutions in a minute. Before the silently revolving disks you will sec men so intent  upon tlieir work thnt they havo eyes for  nothing else; for, notwithstanding tho  perfection of the'machinery, the skill of  the workmen remains of primal importance. It is with thcir fingers and thumbs  thnt tbey adjust the points, edges and  facets ot the diamond with extreme ac- ���  curacy, keeping them' constantly moist  with diamond dust und olive oil. Tho  thumbs ot the workmen, being used continually nnd with much force, become  greatly enlarged.  "The beauty of a cut or finished stone  depends so much upon the form aud position of the facets that a moderately line  stone, well cut nud polished, Is of- fur  greater value than a large one less artistically worked. It sometimes happens  that the lapidary receives a stone of very ,  unfortunate shape. His duty will, .therefore be 'to take till possible care to preserve its size and,, hiding Its faults, givo  it such a form ns sliall scud it forth with  the greatest weight cousistont with beauty aiid brilliancy."   Convincing.  The methods employed by ex-GoT-  ernor ThrockmortoD of Texas to make  clear the claims of tils clients wero  perhaps unlike those ot any other lawyer,- but they often carried conviction  with thum.  At one time he was defending a man  who wns on trial for murder ln Gaines-,  vllle, Tex. He desired to make It plain  to the Jury that the mnn whom his ell- .  ent hnd killed, although In bis shirt  sleeves and without a pistol pocket,  might have been well armed.  "Can you see any signs of nrma  about mo?" deijinnded the general, taking off his coat and standing before  the -jurors.  They shook tlielr heads.  "Wnteh me!" lie snld dramatically,  nnd with thiit lie proceeded to draw a  pistol from under ench'arm, one from  each boot leg nud from the back of his  neck n bowlc knife of most sinister aB-  pect.���Youth's Companion.  Mcnsnrcd  Ills Lcngtlir  "Tour friend Jeukins hns un automobile. I'm told."  "Yes. IIo operated It yesterday for the  first time."  "That so? How much ground did he  cover?"  "I'm not'sure, but I think his height 1*  about 5 feet 0."  I  GOLD   SETTLES   ON   THE   KIDNEYS  Deep-Seated Kidney Disease ofteii^tlie Result of a Neglected Cold  ���Then Come Great Sufferings froin Lunlbago and Backache.  Few people realize what a vastproportlon of serious illnesses arises from cold settling on somo delicate  organ of tlie body. Tho kidneys and liver, as well as tho lungs, aro very easily alTectcd by sudden changes of  temperature, and the results are often suddenly fatal. It is a common experience with farmers, teamsters,  railroad men and lnborers 'to have a cold settle on the kidneys and throw .thoso organs, as well as tho whole  digestive system out of order. There is, usually backache, pains in the sides und lim,bs, deposits in tho.urine,  pain and, scalding with urination and irregularity of the, bowels. t -   .  DR. CHASE'S KIDNEY-LIVER PILLS  So many thousands of cases of serious krdney disease have been cured by Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver' Pills  that they have come to bo considered an absolute cure for all kidney derangements. They aro purely vegetable in composition, prompt and pleasant -in action, .and thorough and far-reach Ing, in thoir effects. They  are endorsed by doctors, lawyers, ministers and others, and are beyond doubt tho most efficacious treatment  obtainable for diseases of tlie kidneys aud livor. One pill a dose ; 25 cents a box ; ab all dealers or Bd-  manson, Bates & Co., Toronto. ,       i . ,       ��� y_a-^*y:^.?r^A'm:45>:;_*gsHaar:!!T
A Case Where It Was More Reliable
Than a Snllor's Optic.
Mr. N. Chevalier, the well known
artist who accompanied the late Duke
of Edinburgh on. many* of his travels,
was once going fromj Ounedln to
Lyttelton, New Zealand,' by steamer.
Anxious to cntcb the earliest glimpse
of tbe coast he went on deck at dawn
and wns alarmed to see that the vessel
was heading straight on to the land.
Calling the ofi_cci'sNattentlon to the
fact, he was'^told th\t^ It was only a
fog bnnk. Th'e.jirtlst^.nalu.ained his
point, but tbe~~Secona;jjl?_cer looked
and conllrmed his mate.
The artist then said: "Well, gentlemen, I will buck my artist's eye
against your snllor's eye, nnd I say
that what you mistake for a fog bank
Is a low range of hills, and there Is a
range' of mountains appearing above
But he was only laughed at, until
tbe captain coming on deck found In
the growing light that the artist was
right nnd the seamen wrong. The vessel was out of Its course, and there
was only just timo to avert disaster.
The helmsman wns dismissed In disgrace nud the course given to the new
Rev.   John M.   ilucuu   Is  »  _ttost   Clever
It is not often, says IT. A. P., ono
finds an Anglican cleric so accomplished a scientist as Hev. John M.
Bacon, the clever balloonist, who is
now engaged in a scries of expeu-
ments in war ballooning and wiie-
less teleginphy from the clouds on
behalf of the War Oflico. Mr Bacon
is quite in early middle life/ He is
a delightfully well informed man,
who wields a bright'and eloquent
pen. No less enthusiastic in scientific and practical ballooning is his
daughter. She is one of the few
women who have ever had the pluck
to ascend into the clouds. She und
her father went some years ago to
tako observatioh-s fn India on the
occasion of a ccitaln great eclipse.
Mr. Bacon's home ' at Coldnsh,
near Newbury, is a perfect laboratory, nnd hero aro conducted somo
of the most, valuable nnd intciesting
experiments in wiicless tclegiuphy
and acoustics that have been attempted ln England. Mr. Bacon,
gives one curious instanco of the'
public tendency to credibility. He was
onco advertised to ascend from the
Crystal 1'alaco with a batterv of fog
signals, which ho was to fire electrically beneath the car. Observers
of aerial     sounds    weie invited to
steersman, but the vessel's head still ] mako no(cs of al| thoy hciu.cl     nnd
pointed landward—tbe compass was all
The cause was discovered later. A
commercial traveler had brought n box
of magnets ou board and deposited
tliem In a stem cabin, causing what
might have been a fatal deflection of
the compass.
To return to the question of Interpretation, the artist was dealing with
the appearances which his eye wns
trained to see and his mind to Interpret. A speck on the horizon might
have remained a mere speck to lilm
long after the Ballots had Interpreted
the speck Into a vessel of delinlte rig.
There can be littlo doubt that tbo
trained eye Is accompanied by a sort
of mental swing, an Instinct outrun-
nlng optics.
No henhouse tbat Is frequently dust-
2d with lime will be Infested with lice.
Lime purifies the quarters and dries
them. It Is cheap and should be used
.lentl fully.
Always have tbe nests bo low that
the hens can step ln rather than be
obliged to jump down.
If the fowls gut too fat, oats as a single food nre oue of the best grains that
:an be given to lessen fat
Mating birds to breed to a feather ls
i high art, to be acquired only by long
practice, aided by close study.
A flat peich Is best because of being
the most comfortable to the feet and
the best support to the breast.
There are three breeds of fowls that
ire pre-eminently valuable as egg pro-
lucers. These are the Minorcas, Log-
aorns and Black Spanish.
A medium sized active male Is twice
' ts valuable as one that Is large and
sxtrn heavy.   If large size and weight
ire desired, select Inrge hens, but tbo
male should be active and vigorous.
When a fowl has canker and the
mouth and throat are sore and ulcerated, wrap a soft rng around a lead
pencil, dampen It slightly, dip in chlorate of potash and swnb out tbe mouth
clean and Inject a drop of turpentine.
to duly ieport their observations
Mr. Bacon ascended as announced.
As soon as ho wns a few hundicd
feet aloft he suspended a caitudgo
beneath the car and applied the voltaic curieiit.' The iesult was nil—
constantly nil. Nothing huppeiieil,
and not one of his bombs weie hred
after nil. In due couise of tune
came a flood of letters from coi respondents who had heard them distinctly all over the countrv. and
could give accurate information
about them!
•What Cornea After SalctdeT
On the whole, It Is something of a
pity that some of these fellows who cat,
their throats, blow out their brains or
swallow poisons in order to rid themselves of their troubles cannot come
back, so they might tell others who are
troubled whether relief lies in thnt direction or not. It Is more than probable thnt what they then could tell
would deter other reckless men nnd
women from following In their fooie
steps, nnd for that, if for no other reason, their return would be welcome,
As Ilnmlct Implied, it ls better to bear
the Ills we know than to fly to those
we know not of. and there Isn't much
doubt thut the suicides are not .long In
finding'that out.
1 (alniii^  11, «m   Hor* 'N.
An Englishman now in Baltimore,
who has siient scveiul year, among
tho Bocis iu South Afilca, said when
asked whether the Boeis kept their
horses m the tienches with them.
"Eveiy Boer wainoi has a horse,
and they are ho trained that they
will stand whole' they are left until
their masters' ictiiin I have seen
them tunning their hoiscs in this
trick and then- method is effective,
though hcioic.
"A Boer will takea young horso,
a 2-year-old or perhaps a yearling,
and attach a halter lo him. From
the halter hangs a rope, and at tho
end of the tope is suspended an iron
ball, which hangs about the animal's knees.
"The hoise is then turned loose in
a large lot. lie immediately begins
to prance around and the iron ball
keeps striking against his knees. Tho
horse ib driven wild and the ball
keeps getting in its woik. Tho
beast may stiuggle against the annoyance and pain for four or live
hours, but he finally diops from exhaustion.
"Often it takes three or four weeks
to nurse the horse, with his cut,
bruised and bleeding knees, back into condition, but when he is fit to
rido he is just the horse the Boer
wents. All the Boer has to do when
litf'dismounts is to throw the brldlo
ovcr the horse's head. The horso
feels tho rein hanging from his chin
and he remembers the piovious experience .with an 11011 ball Ho will
stand stock still as long as that rem
hangs from the bit and he will not
move, not even if shells are blasting uround him and if tho cinsh of
'nrtillory is but a few feet away. —
Baltimore Sun.
■ The Peach Lea-end.
Almost all fruits and flowers have
their legend. One about the peach
comes from Jnpau and tells how n poor,
pious old couple were searching for
food by tbe roadside. The womnn
found a peach,, which she would not
- cat_of,_thongli 'starving. tui_sbe_cou_(l
share It with her husband. He cut It
exactly In'half.'when,an Infant leaped
forth. It was one of thu gods, who had,
he said, accidentally fallen out of the
peach orchard of heaven while playing.
He told thum to plant tbe stone of the
peach, and it brought them happiness,
friends end wealth. , .
Hovr a'Plant Protects Itself.
One little plant of South Africa protects Itself by assuming a curious likeness to a white lichen that covers tbe
rocks. Tbe plant hns sharp pointed
green leaves; These, are placed close
together, .with their. point's upward,
and on tbe'tip of each'leaf Is a little
vfblte, scaly sheath.'.tThe'resemblance
of the smooth surface these present to
tbe.llchenlgrowliig on the) rocks, beside which It,Is always found, Is so
great that It Is'not tlU.joii.tread on
'♦ that you discover, tbe deception.
•J     '   o
Uler Savings.
"I'm so 'glad you told me to' keep
accounts, i Henry."' she 'Bald, i "I *bave
just been golngjover-them,,nnd: 1 And
that I hnve saved $200 In tho Inst .three
months.".. „.{_ #^it^.-,'-   4f,v.- „
."Goodl"' he exclaimed. T';V£here,8 the,
money?"      "!tt.   ',^,. <..'„".-,-«-. v'^.
"Oliv I haven't grt the. money/' she
ninnert'd/ "but'ttie accoubis'sbW that
1 lmve saved it Just tbe same."—Cbi-
< onipurlnoii of Xnlloni.
England has J1C0 convicts for overy
100,000 of population, France, 458.
England uses 110,000 pounds of quinine a year, Franco -19,000, Germany
Forty-six per cent, of British property is insured against fire, 75 per
cent   oi Fiench.
In 1800 Bntish expenditure wns 16
per cent, of that of all Europe, it is
now ten per cent. j
England's death rato for babies under' a year old is 15 per cent., Scotland's 12, Iicland's 1 I only.
Franco has 9,370 yachts, averaging
threo tons in si/e and ,C61 m value.
England has 4,0:10 yachts.
Only 4 per 1,000 English people go
to hospital yeaily, compared with 12
in France and 15 .n Spain.
Tho Government of ihe I r.lted
Kingdom costs only 31 per cent, ol
her levonuc, that of India 04 per
cent. ^
There are five times as mnfly boiler
explosions in the United States as in
Qrcat Britain. The number Inst year
wns 393, more than one a dny.
the greatest consumer of wine; tho
United States with half a gallon a
head yearly, the smallest. English
people average a fraction more. '
A Story of Lord Blorrls.
The late Lord Morris, onco Chief
Justice of Iroland, had a ready wit,
and many' amusing stories are told
in which ho was concerned in hia
ofllclal capacity.' '
Shortly prior to his retirement
from the Court of Appeal, Lord Morris, in his capacity of Vice-Chancel-
lor of tho Royal University of Ireland, received a royal visitor to the
Dublin Flower Show. On* such occasions it wns' incumbent oil him to
wear his golden-sti caked robes of
olllco. Deeming it necessary to explain why ho donned such gorgeously
hued habiliments, he said:
"Your Royal Highness will observe that, ns Vice-Chancellor of tho
University, I am obliged to wear all
this flno toggery I think it is only
fair to offer you this explanation —
otherwise you might think I was
trying to transform myself into a
sunflower." .    . „ ,
TThen  tho  Earth  Was  a  Sphere  of
Lave, Molten and Flattened.
The earth revolves on Its axis once
It* 24 hours. Millions of years ago the
day was 22 hours; millions of jeais before It was 21 hours. As we look backward Into time we find the enl tli le-
volvlng faster and faster. Theie was
a time, ages ago, long before geology
begins, wl.cn the"earth was rotating In
a dny of live or si\ houis In length. In
the remotest past the caith levohed In
a dny of about live bonis. It could resolve no faster than this nud remain &
single unbroken muss.
It wns at this time that the moon
wns horn—si'p.'iiiited. bioken off fiom
the pin cut muss of the earth The
earth wns then n molten, llnttciicd
splieie of lavn. Its whole body was
fluid. The tides, which now me small,
superficial nud. bJ to say, loc.il. v.ete
then unlvoisal and Immense. 'Ihey'occurred nt blioit Intervals. The whole
surface of our globe was affected.
And the concspondliig lunar tides iu
thu fluid, molten moon were Indefinitely greater still   ,
Our d.iy Is now 21 hours: the dMiiueo
of the mooii Is now 2li).()()!l in'lcs
When our day n.ii about li.e hours
long, the moon \vi. In contact w'lli the
cnith's sin-face. It had Just hiol.en
away fiom Its patent mass As the
length of-the lei rest rial day lucrensed.
so did tin* distance nf the mor_\ The
two qiuimllles me connected by In
nornlile cqiiatlo'is If one \nr'r«. so
must the other. Wl'dicior the iiit.'itlon
time of a planet 'is shottei thnn the
[-eilod of ievolution of its satellite. Hie
effect of their mr.ti.al nclluti Is to ac-
crlointo the motion of the satellite i.tid
to foice It to nuve lu a laiger orbit-
to increase Its distance, therefore.
The day of the en ith Is now slioiter
than the month—the peiicd of revolution—of the moon. The moon Is theiefore slowly receding fiom us. and it has
been receding for thousands of centuries. But the day of the earth Is. as
we have seen, slowly glowing longer.
The linger of the tides is always piess-
lng upon the rim of our huge flj wheel
and slowly but surely lessening the
speed of Its rotation. So long as tbe
tenestila) day Is shoiter than tho
lunar month, the moon will continue to
recede from us.—Piolessor E. S. Hol-
den ln Harper's Magazine.
Diluted ammonia is good for Insect
bites and stings,
A raw egg swallowed at once upon
getting a fishbone In the thi ont beyoud
the reach of the anger. It Is said, will
dislodge It and carry It down.
A simple remedy for Indigestion la
the white of nn egg beaten to a stiff
froth and stirred Into n wlneglassful
of cold water. This should be taken
after each meal.
For burus and scalds, when no other
remedy is at hand, try the effect of a
piece of rng steeped In vinegar and
bound round the scar. This ls especially useful when cooking, for the
vinegar Is genet ally at hand.
To cure a seveic case of colic take a
teaspoonful of salt In a pint of water;
drink and go to bed. This Is one of the
speediest remedies' known. It will also
prove* efficacious In levlving a peison
who seems almost dead from a heavy
Preparing Far a Journey.
Jerome K. Jeiotne recalled, with
reverence, a habit of his methodical
uncle who, befoia packing for a journey, always "made a list." This wns
the system which be followed, gathered from his uncle's own lips:
Take a piece of paper and put down
ou It everything you can possibly require. Then go over It and bee that It
contains nothing jou can possibly do
Imagine yourself tn bed. What hnve
you got on? Very well; put It down,
together with a change Vou get up
What do you do? Wash jotuscir
What do you wash youi self with?
Soup. Put down sonp. Go ou tl> jou
L-aie finished. Then tnke your clothes
Begin at your feet. What do jou wc n
on your feet? Boots, shoes, socks I'ut
them down. Work up till you get to
your head.   What do you wnnt besides
'clothes?   Put down eveiything.
This Is the plan tho old gentleman always pursued. The list made, he would
go ovcr It carefully to see that he had
forgotten nothing Then he would go
out it again and stiike out cici>thing
-it-was possible to dispense with.-Then
he would lose the list.
Writers Who   I.he   bv  a  Single Iloolc ot
l*uem, somn by a single J.lim .
It is ono of the many old experiences of life th.it while some men in
put suit of fame write a lilu.ny of
books .Mid die and are foigotten,
other men under some happj inspiration wine a single line, poem or volume and aru foi ever ranked with the
In some cases lnimoit.ility goes a-
beggmgs Irom the inodist slu inking
of an .iiilhoi to claim Ins ollspiiug,
as in the case of the auric who
penned the eloquent woid "Don't" in
answer lo I'unch's icquest for advice to those about to many, but
theie me liuiny cases in winch men
inc known by the work of u few
minutes or houis when all the lest
of their life's woik would have left
in obscuulv
Veiy few ie.ul Congie\c nowadays,
nnd fewei still could quote half a
(lo?en linos frnm any of his poems
nnd diamas, and jet to manv who
havo ne\ei even hcaid his 'mime theie
are few lines more familial than tho
oft quoted and misquoted, "Music
hath ch.imrs to soothe the sivvage
breast '
Ch.nles Wolfe, tho Irish divine and
poel, wiote ninny poems of excellence, but only oi e ledcrnis linn and
all lus works from ohscui ity, the
poim which Loid Byron himself (lose! ibed as "the most pet feet ode in
the language," and of this few could
gef be.ond tho first line, "1\e buried im.i darkly at dead of night "
Thomas Ciiay, poet and friend of
Horace Wulpolc, has left one legacy
(inlv ii om nil his wntings, but that
is an imperishable one—his "Elegy
\i ni ten In a Country 'Churchyard,"
the moil widely quoted poem in our
l.ingiin'-e Vet those who run recite
■.'iciy woid of it with the infallibility of a phonogiuph could probably
not pi en gi\c the name of a single
othei  poem by the same wiiter
I.nd.v Anno Barnard would have no
place at all in the public memory if
she had not wntten that sweet and
■Mtndic ballad, "Auld Itobin Gray,"
which has bi ought sympathetic tcais
to the ejes of thousands who have
not rend another lino by the 'ithor.
John Potnfret, the Bedfordshire
poet, Mould havo been foigotten for
no.u Ij two ccntuiics had he not in a
h.ippv hour penned his exquisite
pocn, ' The Choice," which is considered by many, including Southey nnd
Johnson, the most perfect and beautiful lync in oui  language.
Of the two Knglish poets ci the
name of Collins one is only known
to have attempted a single poem, but
that has been suilitieiit to make him
iiiiiuoit.il among loveis of leautiful
verse Nothing is known of the life
of the author of "To-moirow," but
Ins poem has given delight to thousands who could not give Ins Christian name or bnthplace "to save
then lues."
"Single Speech Hamilton" won or-
.uoiical fame by the veiy simple expedient of never speaking in the
liritish Fnili.tincnt except on one oc-
(iisinn, although he was a man 'of
political mipoitaucc, Chancellor of
the l£\choquci in liel.ind foi over 20
jeais and actuallv author of a volume of speeches. His woiks and waitings mc as (loud as thon author, but
the memiiiy of that single impressive
sncicli series to keep his nicmoiy
nioio alive 'than that of many an
orator famous in his lifetime.
There are many men whose memory
will be green foi cent lines as tho
coii<-c(M.cncc of having pioduced one
successful book. Cetv.inlcs has a pop-
ulai.ty almost as widespiead us that
of Shakespeare, and yet nil his pl.ns
aie lost, and of all his wntings pi actually nothing lciii.uns but "Don
Qin\ot(\" a book which is icgaidcd
as a c'.i'sic in almost every counti y
in Europe.
Boswell will live ns long ns the
memory of Johnson endues, solely
through his life of his gieat fiiend
In the samo way Scott confeis nn-
moit.ihty on his son-m-law and biographer, Lockh.irt, foi, .ipmt f'om
this single valuable conlnbutioii to
'our knowledge of the gieat magician,
LiLuhnii and all Ins wntings would
be foigotten bv all  but the student
Mhnt tlm Scot Sttld to, Ilobl.
General" Hector Macdonald, asked
by Lord Roberts 'during the 'latt'er's
advance ^uporij Pretoria if the 'Highland BrlgafchT could rencli a certain
placb*-iby*"a 'certain" '-time,' replied:
"Yes, if    your cavalry can keep up
cugo i'ost.
I with them."
Tlie  Uaokslldcr.
'/Many years ago." says the Pi oil
dence Journal, "In a \ illage mil _!t)
miles from Providence a revha' was In
progress. A young mnn. one of indistinguishable twin brothers who h.id
previously been observed, ns win sup
posed. In an attentive attitude nt the
meeting, rose I'or pniyeis. walked to
the anxious sent, and tlicre walled and
n.oaticd to such good (impose that the
deacons were sure he wm on the high
road to snlv.itlou
Tho next day he wan overheard In
the back yard at home cliopplin; wood
and swearing painfully nl a icliarioi}'
leg.   Whon remonstrated wMih foi his
sudden  backsliding,   he  meicly   said.
"Oh.  brother .lltu couldn't  gol to Hie
meeting Inst night, so I went nud hol-
Jjired f0r him."
i ——————
Ill-nut U'lint l« Snld.
i  "No," said the Impecunious one. "mu
can't believe,all that you see In the
. "Are you prepared to specify?" the
other man asked.
- "I  am.   I  saw a  statement lii  the.
financial columns that money wns e.i«.v,
but When 1-tried to negotiate a loan I
found,that the ieversc1wn,< tine''      ,
"Yon misunderstood the pningiaph
It didn't say the people >v°ie easy."—
lvin^'>  Honsi < loaning 1 Ind*.
Tho oiei hauling to which the various inj.n palaces .lie being subjected, by order of King Ldwaid, is
leading to all soits of exli.ioidinary
discovei'cs tianets and cellars are
being clc.ucd and thrown open which
Ihim- been kept closed for more than
100 j ems ,
lt was but the other dny that a
mngnilicnit poi ti ait of Queen Caroline, bj' Lawieucc, was found, along
Willi some othei superv paintings, in
a g.uiet at Windsor Castle, and now
a womlciful old fouigon, or vehet-
iined-inur" of-gieat_si/o~Iilled with
splendid silvei and silver gilt plate
has beta found in a stable at St.
.lames' 1'ulnce, winch has not been
used for 31.0 j-ears   .
'I no siher in question belonged to
Queen Anne, und was used b.v her
when giving gland dinner parties at
Kew, Hampton t'oin.t and othei suburban p ilaccs to which the van was
do&pnttlied fiom St James'. The <-il-
vcr wns nil black, and without the
slightest doubt, had remained theie
locked up in the van forgotten smco
the time of the death of Queen Anne.
History or  the  Breed  and   some of It*
Sinco the entry of tho French-Canadian cattle in the dairy tests at tha
Pun-Amei ican Exposition at Buffalo,
many inquiries have been made about
the breed, says Tho Springfield lle-
pubheun. In fuct, many peoplo
thought that Canada had what
might be called a native breed, liko
the so-called natives of the United
States, made up by crossing the progeny of eaily importations until it
would be dllllcult to tell what blood
predominates. The Massachusetts
Ploughman uuotes from a pamphlet
sent out by i)r J. A. Coutuio, B.V.
S , of Quebec, secretaiy of the
Fiench-Caiuidian Cattle Breeders' Association, in which he gives the history of the breod, and claims made
for it.
Ho says the Fiench settlers who
flist came to Canada were natives of
Brittany and Normundy, France. Tho
first catllo in Quebec, in 1C20, or
theieabouts, were brought, no douot,
from these two distncts. No importations of other breeds worth mentioning are reported in the history of
the province until about.3800 or &
little before. Between 1776 und
lSoO a few herds of English cattle,
mostlv Ayrshire and. Shorthorns, wer»
brought into the province, but they
wero bought by wealthy Englishmen
living near Montreal and Quebec,
where they are still to be found.
They found but littlo favor with the
Fiench inhabitants in the poorer legion and m the l emote parts along
the Laurent ides und the lower part
of tho St. Lawrence, both north and
south, ns they were loth to cross
their hai dy little cows with tho larger breeds, fearing, with good reason,
that they should not feed sufficiently
to keep the larger animals alivo, to
say nothing of profit, during the
seven months of winter. Thus they
havo been kept nearly distinct for
ovei 230 years, and in-breeding has
been resorted to to fix in a sui e manner the characteristics of tho breed.
Thus they have much of the appeor-
anco of the Brittany cattle of tho
day. It may be noted here that tho
Fiench-Canadian, the Jersey, Guernsey, Kerry mid Brittany cows are all
supposed to come from tho samo origin, and the Brittany is usually allowed to be the older stock, the different breeds being modified by climate, caro and perhaps individual
chaiacteristics of animals bred from
characteristics of animals bred from,
until they vory from the 500-pound
Kerry to th6 Guernsey, almost aa
large as the Shorthorn.
The three qualities claimed Ior tho
French-Canadian aio hardiness, fra-
are small, tho cows aveiaging 700
guality and richness of milk. As they
pounds each, they do not require
largo amounts of food. In form
they are somewhat like'the Jersey,
but in color most ficquently a solid
black, or black with brown stripe
on the back and around the muzzle,
or blown with black points, brown
brindled or even yellowish.
Tlio Auratum Lily.
Tho Auratum Lily, or Goldon-ray-
ed lily of Japan, is _the grandest of
all lilies for ' tho open border. It
needs protection from heat, cold ond
standing water, but given suitable
conditions and it is unnvalled for
garden culture. The soil for it must
be well drained It does best in
partial shade and the ground over
the bulbs should be kept cool in
Bummer by a thick mulch of lawn
clippings, and in winter' protected
with manure.    It is not satisfactory
Thr Dominion's sm,p|^ In Ihoii^lit to 11a
Canada's forests ure found to be
equal to supplying tho world with
pulpwood alone fi.r S10 jeai.s on the
basis oi 1,.")00,000 tons of mauufac-
tuied pulp a jeiu
Koi each piovinec .separately, the
penod ot exhaustion would be, for
Unt.uio, SCO yeais, Quebec, 1,1a*
yeais, New Buinswick, 1)87 jear
Nova, Scotia, 3,'2,'i.'. yeais, the tv-st
of the Ilomimon bunging down tho
period, as aboM! staled, to 840
j cms for all  Canada. '
Tins is the estimate of J. C. Lan-
geliei, superintendent of foiest rangers of Quebec Mr Lungelier takes
a million and a half tuns of pulp
ye.u ly as his basis, that being about
Uie total pioduction of the United
The foiest incus in the four piov-
inccs winch would have to be denuded yi ai ly to pioduce the icquired
million und a half tons of pulp aro
given as follows:
Onlnno      114,914
Quebec   131,119
New    Biunswick        11,371
Nova     Scotia        3,334
The extent of the spruce forests le-
mainnig untouched in these provinces
Ontano .   52,818,420
Quebec  144,303,454
New  Brunswick    11,224,540
Nova Scotia  10,853,344
For «. couple of years yet, that is,
until the returns for the next census
are published, the statistics of 1891
are the only ones that can give com-
.plete information l cspecting tho consumption for all purposes of spiuco
in the four provinces, and by making
the proper distinctions and reductions we get the following figures,
which icpiesont approximately the
.     212,5S2,404
.    111,889,130
.    130,409,000
Sawlogs   ,
Square    timber ....
Pulpwood         ... . .
Railway    sleepers
for cut flowers, because it wilts
quickly after cutting and the odor
ia ovei'poweri'ng in a small room.
The true type grows 3 to 4 feet
high, beai mg four to 12 ivory-
wluto floweis with a distinct central
band of bright yellow, with numerous deep purple spots (see picture).
The floweis are 8 to 12 inches across
"when fully expanded. The species
varies much in coloi s and markings,
which nie not constant with many
of the specimens. Another very fino
sort is A. vittntum rubruni, which
bears magnificent flowers 10 to 12
inches across
flogcinc: Ha< His ^tron^ I'olnt
Some' one suggested during the
reign of Dr. Keate at Eton that
fllii'isttntiity was not so much cultivated in his establishment as the
classics, and especially that the on-
deaioi to be "pine in heait" was
not sufficiently attended to. The doctor ..ccoidiiigly addiessed his boys
upon tins point, "Ue pure in heart,
or (with sudden oncigy) I'll Hog
youi" As ho once Hogged a whole
rlns's of e\amui(.es foi confirmation,
thinking they hud come up for punishment, theie is no doubt thnt he
meant to keep his woi d
ArcllnU' London.
They nia talking of giving little
old T ondon a bath so as to make
'tb'histoiic buildings' look spick and
, pun on coronation day Pensh the
houolit. London^would not bo Lou
(' ii with tl v> historic dust and soot
'•.  n,cs niuutcd into the sowers.
Reiieriolr for tlie >arm,
There is one thing thnt every farmer should do, if lus land is in such
a shapo that he can, and that is to
dam up a ravine on his farm so as
to form a lake—not a mud hole, but
a lake. I know hundreds of farms
on which this can be done at llttlo
expense nnd a depth of ten to twenty feet of water secured. I have
noted many sorry attempts nt building dams for this ptn pose, the work
being less than half done, with Iho
usual result—a broken dam and a
shallow puddle. I have also seen
the work well done, and a fine lake
200 to 300 yards long, 30 to 60 feet
wide and 10 to 20 feet deep secured,
from which hundie'ds of pounds of
flsh nnd tons of ice are taken overy
year.—Fred Grundy, in Farm and
Fireside.   »
Ihe Iluke'ri PliRt Speech.
The Duke of Cornw alibis still fond
of a joke, and enjoys telMng a stoiy
against himself To make a public
speech is as bad foi loyalty as for
any little city mayor, and the Duke's
first speech caused him m.inj a sleepless night Before the day come he
.summoned a family conclave The
old Duke of Cambudgo was present
on the occasion, and as he gave tho
woid of command he expected to be
"Have your speech tjpcwritten, uiy-
dear fellow, hold it in your hand,
and lefcr to it when the moment
comes "
The heir apparent made no "demur,
but when the moment did come, ho
decided, like a manly young fellow,
to tiust to himself Anyhow ho dis-
caided his notes and began the
speech His tiepidation may be believed when he heaid the following
exclamations    pop    off like    minute
The l'erfeotion Currant,
The Perfection curiant, which ,is
said to be a cro'jS between tho ,1'av
nud the White Giapo, resembling Fay
in sizo and coloi, has" secured tho
Barry medal which ■ bv the will ■ of
tlie lato Patrick, Barry, was to be
awarded to the originator of a now
fruit, mai king an advance upon existing varieties.
guns nt his side, every comma bringing with it a "Conceited boy!" "Idiot Why didn't he do as I  told
him?" "Self-sufliciencj'I" "Absurd!"
etc. The dear old Duke of Cambridge, whom everybody-loves so
well, has a way of thinking aloud,
and he felt a not unnatural irritation under the circumstances, that'
Ins youthful kinsman had asked his
advice and not taken it.
The speech, however, proved a
grand success It was given at a
charity d.nner and money flowed in
so bountifully that tho Duke drove
off in triumph to lus fnther, at Marl.,
borough House. ."There, sir! No
speech of yours ever brought m so'
much money as that! " .   '
The Prince of Wales was, if possible, mbro delighted than his son,
and tho two had a hearty laugh together ovcr the day's proceedings.
The proportion of pulpwood is 2.53
pci cent for the four provinces together, 2 09 pei cent for Ontario,
3 51 per cent for Quebec, 9 03 per
cent for New Brunswick, .23 per
cent   for Nova Scotia.
lt may be obseived. by the way,
that moie than 30 per cent, of the
pulpwood got out in 1891 was for
exportation to the United States.
For pulpwood alone the whole
quantity of spruce required yearly
would be:
Ontario         4,399,417,802
Quebec    4,150,376.076
New  Brunswick  ......  ...1,345,261,796
Nova    Scotia  1,423,788,900
The aiea denuded yearlj' to get
these quantities of wood and the-
number of years required to exhaust
the present extent of the forests are
shown in the following table:
Area denud- Period  of
-   'cdyenily,   exhaustion.,
acies j'eais.
Ontario    _ ...  -879,883        60
Quebec - ..830,750      17a
New Brunswick .. 269,052
Nova Scotia 284,757
But it is,a well known fact that
where opeiations arc cairied on in a
wise and piovidcnt manner a spruce
foiest renews itself in 15 or 20 years
nt most, especially when the soil is
good and the climate favorable. It-
is, therefore, leasonable to infer,
savs Mr Langeliei, that tlie spruca
foiests nie piuctically ine\haustiblo.
Reflections of n Bachelor.
A tastr* life' does' not m'tilU^U slow
death. _ _ .
Most people repent until tlieir sins
nro forgotten.        '' " '  '
A gnl has to be engnged'two whole"
weeks befoie she can take a breath
without pictending to sigh.
An expei iencod mothor ' always
coughs loudly *in the hnll before sho
gets into tho room where her daughter's company is. > • v   . i   , . ,
Just as long us a woman can keep r
dunging the weight of her husband's
unociwear she can't understand how
he can catch cold. THE INDEPENDENT.  ���SATltlRDAY... JANUARY M; IMS  THE INDEPENDENT.  JPUBL1SHHD    WEEKLY  IN  THE IX-  TI3IU3STS OF THE IMASSES  -V  TE INDEPENDENT PRINTING CO.M-  l'ANY.  BASKMI-NT      OP      Xr_ACK     TH.OCK  HASTINGS STREET,  VANCOUVER, H. C.  sriiSCItll'TIONS IN  ADVANCE  A w* ek, ."> cents  inotiiiis. ,C> eolith  out je.ir, >l.i"i.  niontli, 1.*. cents: threo  _i.v momh.-., (Jj eenthj  ENDORSED BY THE TltADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL. THE VANCOUVER I-AHOK P.VKTY ANI> TIIE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL  <Q  SATURDAY...  ..JANUARY IS, 1002  THE StTliUflfiLE.  IJBAll IN MIND STILL Fiji-Till, it  T'HAT THIS IS A l.iCIl, III (J 11  ���WOULD. THERE IS KNOV-'H IN  IT, MORE 'L'H'AN EXOUl'll IN IT,  FOR EVERY -MAN, WOMAN AND  C-11LP, AND IF MEN BIT LIVED  Al lill.ASO.VAHLE LIFE, IP THE  WEALTH WAS BUT FAIRLY AND  KEASONAl'.LY Dls.TllllSl.Tl-D, IF  HVCIl HAD HIS JUST PROPORTION,  IT WOULD NOT BE A HAD WORLD  ���AT ALL.���From "Piof. Ilu-rley and the  Struggle," by G. R. Maxwell, il. 1'..  published in another (.oliimii.  ANOTHER NLV POLICY.  iPiemler Dun.-.inuii- lias addres>ed .i  long letter to the people of this pio-  vim.c- itgnrtiiis his new- ipol'.cy. The  dociu:i'*iit is i-tricily toij* and a" bro.i 1  und big ns a b.iloon and just as empty.  He says, ilmt the government will build  tlhe C*oj��i-Koolenny railway piovidlng  the redei-al government will aid t'ao  {Ihln&r, and then will turn it over to the  iV.,*V. & E. nnd C. P. H. to run���a new  Sdea of a competitive line. Tluse companies, however, must be rust ('insulted in this regard. Thero is not .i_\vo-d  aibout lnboi- ni.Uteis in 'the whole story.  On a previous occasion, hone.or, no  has said "to h���11 with the union," and  no doubt this is intended for labor In  Uie political manifesto just Issued.  GIVING UP THE GHOST.  Tliem is quae a .slit- in local ipolit-  ical oiu-les these days over the fa-..t  thdt the hiibor paity of the piovlnoe intends to take an active interest In the  forthcoming ���clecllons. The leaders ot"  tihe old patties realize that it Is time  for a change, and a new panty must lie  established. This time it will .be cnipif.il  vs. labor. Though linrtyisin, as at present constituted In this province, still  ���wields an inlluence, there are cleiuly  de_ined signs of Its "glvina up the  ghost." Partylsm cannot last long unless lt .Is based on a, platform of funda-  mentul principles, which it does not in  .British Columbia. Can anyone- of average Intelligence point out -what difference there is in principle .between  th�� government iparty and the "loyxl"  opposition? Theie is none. It's acn-e  of sunply "ins" and "outs." Tho only  possible .thing- there is lo do in order  to get a stable government in this pro-  ivince is for the people to divide on new  lines. Let those clinging .10 gritism a.nd  toryiiin stay with the old doctrines of  capitalism and trusts which they advocate, and those opposed to these principles and in favor of advancement  _4ake_a 'place_in .the_rai.ks_of_the_la.bor  party, which is .iheady in a nourishing  condition all over B. C.  The same deciillence of partylsm applies to the Dominion. The lioboay-  geon Independent asks is there any difference In the principles of Mr. Boid.n  and Mr. La.urler? The facts are that  Canadian torylnsm died when SlrCha-s.  (Tupper wns turned out of parliament.  Canadian torylsm Is dead���'but It Is not  yet burled, and that burial is the present need of Canada. Gritism Is In much  the same position. Wlnen Laurier goes,  Canadian g-rttlnm also goes. Within a  tew years Uhe present .brant, of purty-  ismri ln Canada will disappear. The  conditions are rapidly changing. All  that Is needed to 'precipitate the change  Is a leader. The hour ls at hand���tlie  man will then appear.  BENJAMIN TRANKLIN.  Local Typographical Union, No. 226,  celebrated, the Wrthday of Benjamin  Franklin, the printer's ''patron saint"  to America, yesterday in a fitting manner. Varloiw were the incidents in the  career of the worthy gentleman iwfliose  memory was celebrated with wine and  song throughout printerdora on January 17th.    The  co_on.ii]    newspaper  press was in its infancy when Franklin ("est .saw the light of day.   The Postern (...r/ette, begun in December. 1719,  by William Brookes, was the thud -ii  the list of new-spapers started in America,    it was piinted by Jas. Franklin,  blather of  Benjamin who served    his  apprenticeship with him.   The .proprij-  toi-shlp of the Gazette was soon changed, and in 17-1 the New- England Oour-  ani  was- .started  by  James  Franklin.  WIMi  U-.e establishment of  this paper  begun the newspaper wars of Ameiici,  which have lontinued ever since.    On  Jan. 14, 1723, the legislature foibld the  publication  of the Oournnt.    The  law  was evaded .by .substituting Ilcnjamin  Franklin's  name on   the  iiiipilnt,  and  the paper lasted for three years. "Ben"  was a gay old boy. indeed, in his enily  days, and perhaps it is fitiing that his  n emcrv Muiuld bo "honored" annually  b.v oilier gay old boys.   After pjru.-ing  Franklin's   autobiography  one   I?  Impressed wllih the idea of goodness that  pervades it.   He way, a model of thrift,  in width icspect lie was an example to  be  folllovvrd   by  all   mernbeis  of   the  cr.if.t,  something,   by  the  way,  which  ihe.r  very  huinanness  prevent-.-  iheiu  fiom lining.   YTlun. in London Franklin   was  dubbed,  because of  his  tem-  peuince habits and ability n.s a great  .sw inimer, the "Wdte:- Ainerl'-.m" by the  pi-inters  with  whom 'he  worked.    An  irreligious man in e.n-ly lift', he himself  tells  us  that  he passed   thiough  the  dansjeious  period  of hi-: cvreer,  vvh^n  fin   Is  luind-oiii-    ia  ns  allurements,  without  any   wilful   griws   immorality  or Injustice to .my'but himself. Franklin   practiced   many  email    economies,  and it appears that to these ipr:ictic_s  ���mil his lells-lc-u- and moral .theorizing  was due  the odium  in  wihlch  he was  nc'.d by the higher classe' of Philadelphia, avlitre he i-e.-id<.d.   On. the other  hand,  he  was  made much  of by  the  hi'.rhest literary and scientific ipeoplc in  Europe.   The latiier valued him for his  wit   and   knowledge   and his   attainments.    Franklin's -.hare of his pi lilting business wns sn 'large lhat he was  able to retire at the age of 12, hiving  been   in   bus-mess   for  himielf  for   22  years,    lie  printed  all  the  important  wonk of the middle culonies and a large  "hare of ihe southern colonies.   He sol 1  his  interest  in  the 'business  to David  ll.ill,  his  foreman,   the latter  paying  therefor   Cl.flOO ..nnunlly  for I.S years.  When Franklin died 'ho was worth over  $10U,CU0.   Very little is known oC Franklin's career while editor of the Pennsylvania, friisiette,  the most Influential  sheet  published   in   t'he colonic".    The  Gazette,  us most printers know,  was  marled in 3.7JS by Keinier, at one time  Franklin's employer,  and    afterwards  sold to Franklin.   No. JO was his fir.t  issue, and it contained practically the  first editorial ever piinted in the new  woild.   From the advertisement column  we learn  that Fran'klin was not only  a .printer and  stationer, ibut  that  he  also dealt in Inmpblaok, ink, .rags, soa'P,  and live   geeses  fcoithcrs,   coffee  and  other  articles  of    merchandise.    Few  printers   in   tihes-e   days,   even   in   the  remotest country district, would think  of  carrying  these    side  lines.    When  Franklin   withdrew  from the  printing  .business Mien  came  the .period .which  made him honoied by ihis country.   He  was postmaster of Philadelphia for Hi  yeais all  told, and then became postmaster-general  ol"  all   the  colonies,   a  position  which  he retained  until dismissed on the eve ot the great Revolution.   He 'became afterwards the agent  of Pennsylvania, 'Massachusetts, Georgia ami New Jersey in England.    His  career as minister to France and  as  governor    of    Pennsylvania    is    well  known and needs little comment here.  He was 70 yeais old when sent by the  Continental Congress to repiesent the  United Colonies  in.  France,    and  his  mission .was an astonishing success.   A  famous meeting was that of Franklin  _ind_Voltairejit_the_Acadeniy of Scl-  ences in  Paris,  when, yielding .to the  clamor of the audience he embraced the  great Voltaire In compliance with the  French custom.   It was after Franklin  returned  from  France, rwihen he was  ipast SO,  that ho accomplished  In  the  constitutional   convention  of  17S9   the  one act of his life which may be railed  a 'brilliant stroke    of    statesmanship.  Franklin died  on   Saturday night on  April 17,  1790,  at Philadelphia,  in his  sr.bh year.  who are thoroughly competent should  be .selected .to cany out the law.  There are now two kinds of opposition���tihe "loyal" and any other kind,  presumably  l.tbor.  Every aldi-nn.in of Rochester, N. Y.,  voted for the union label on municipal  printing for the next two years. Will  Vancouver follow suli?  An Indianapolis lunatic was- mad?  sane by a. whack on the head. Yet this  Is a remedy which .should be used with  discretion on some of our local politicians.  John G. Wooley's declaration thnt  America i.s doing more for prohlblllo.i  than any other country is .probably  bas-'d on the fact 'that one drin'k of  American whiskey Is usually sufllclent  to make a man swear off.���Ex.  It is cheering to leain that laziness,  a c.uis-o of mental weakness, is a disease, not a vice, a, French physiciai  having discovered a fatigue germ. The  chairs in -he city council chtinnber  should 'be iburnt and new ones got immediately, i  Hy the death ol" Chief Justice ilcColl  theie is removed from tlie bench one  or the ablest jurists of Canada. His  passing away anw as a. sudden sho-k  to the people or British Columbia, with  whom he was iheld in hig_i esteem, as  being- generally veiy fair in his leg il  decisions.  Nicola! ('. St-hou has just 'been elected for the tenth time reeve of Burnaby.  Mr. Sdhou is an old hand aj a public  man. He served for seven" years as  alderman In Manchester, Eng., as well  as being alderman for Vancouver. We  extend congratulations to the people of  Pairnolby for being so fortunate In obtaining the services of such a c.upu.ble  and painstaking man.  Tlio King lias his chnni.pion, and as  1'ieiniei- l_uni.ir.iili- Is the coal mine  king of ithe Island that he'tries lo boss,  ���why should he not have ihis champion,  too'. Indeed he seems lo ihn.vo found  the very man .for the job in the worthy editor of the Ladysiliith Leader,  who .is armed and eager for llie fray.  The blood of .the Graemes is up, and  there will be wigs on the green ere  long.   Stir 't-ni, old sox.  Considerable comment wus indulged  in dining the ipast week over the fact  that .private confabs 'were lieing Indulged in Iby friends of the present  "loyal" opposition party unU supporter::  of .tlie la'bor party, wil'h a. view to  ousting from .power the Dunsmuir ad-  ministnition. There Is not much fear  of tho labor parly "uniting with the  "loyal" opposition any more 'than wilh  the  government iparty  under  present  i  clicuni-tnnces.  The International union of 'Shirt,  Waist and Laundry Workers has issued a neat and attractive llttie  piunrfli'let, which is a very talking form  of label advertising. It is being; sent to  retailers, and to them Is addressed the  poem, "How J. Hones Lost His Trade."  lt is conceived in a humorous'Vein, and  conveys the idea, which Is not very  prominent la the labor movement, that  a little 'humor ls a great thing to ibaek  up good sense.  for Winter  A rich and beautiful showing of the  latest Dress Fabrics for Fall, 1901.  Every wantable kind of material is  Included In this showing of ours. We  devoted considerable time to the picking of these goods, which fashion has  decreed as correct. The result is seen  In the unapproachable assortment,  from which we mention a few of the  weaves we have In the latest designs  and shades.  ZBBOLINE, VENETIANS,  HOMESPUNS, CHEVIOTS,  SUITING'S, BROADCLOTHS,  FRENCH FLANNELS, Etc., Etc.  We asla you to call and see them.  Wo know the price will do the rest.  } 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  We reach wherever the malls reach.  miners liave boycotted the fluid "Go,id-  enhuni," but how will it be If a "community of interests" exists among all  the whiskey 'bosses? Can. you swear  olf .ill round and keep it up 13. C?  It might be no great calamity, after  all, if you could.���Winnipeg Voice.  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  Stuff Good  l.nuf In  Vancouver.  Tho author of "The Sky Pilot" should  m.ilke a. good  superintendent  of  missions in the west.���Toronto Star.  AT THE SAVOY.  Alf .Tames, manager of the Savoy  Theatre, Vancouver's popular vaudeville palace, must 'be congratulated  upon tbe splendid entertainment furnished his many patrons this week.  The musical numbers of Prof. Geo.  Walsh were excellent. The farce, "A  Doctor for a Day," was very funny,  the performers 'being Mr. James himself, Jack Symonds, Bobb Matt, Annie  Kramer, Paul Goudron, Hazel Von.  Miss Minnie Jerome, in her latest songs  and dances, was 'pleasing, Mama being especially well renederd. "Always,"  by Miss Gladys Mlddleton wn* .well  received. The vivacious CihiiulEiu.e, Miss  Hazel Von, gave "Just Wants You,"  and made a hit. Miss Lillian Haines in  "Memories of Other Days," was very  sentimental in her part and took it well.  The commedienne. Flora Dubois, sang  "Dnolan's Saloon," and gave entire satisfaction. Bob Matt and May Wright  introduced the original comedietta, entitled "The New Servant," and brought  down llie house. The Kramers, In."A  Girl Wanted," were greeted with  hearty applause. Their singing. and  dancing were alone worth the admission. OC course. Jack Symonds, as a  humorist, captured the audience, and  wns repeatedly encored. The legerdemain of All Zada was clever and mysterious. The Esmonds, the Golden  West Duo, gave a high-class musical  aot, surpassing anything that has appeared at that unique little sho.v-  house for some time.  An esteemed correspondent asks howls It that the Boiler Inspection act has  not been enforced, likewise .the Engineers' act. The act Is on the statute  .books, and surely It ls not there tor  the purpose of ornamentation of tho3e  volumes of legislative wisdom. We  have enough .farcical acts already.  Why any more? Surely the Inspector  knows 'Who hold eertlflclates and who  don't. It Is a misdemeanor to-follow  tlhe occupation of engineer or to tire a  bofler without a, certificate of competence from the Inspector. The lalbor  unions should talke this matter up anld  petition against ithe violation of such  acts of the law, and treating our statutes bo contemptuously.   Diploma men  Journalistic Enterprise.  When '.Marconi gets his wireless telegraph down to an exact science, The  Paystieuk will publish a daily paper.  We calculate to get our dispatches on  wind.���Siuidon  Paystrealk.  A Picnic in Sight.  Yet a little while and__tihe provincial  consenva tii'vies will urlse in .their might  to withstand liberal aggression. WHi.-n  that happy moment arrives the independents will .have a picnic���Siocan  Drill.  Poller and Prohibition.  Bishop Potter says that prohibition  is a failure and a fraud; a 'kindergarten for a raee of hypocrites. The J3lsa-  op Is onto ihis Job. For an uninitiated  gospel shark who never resided In Kan-  sus, he Is a wise guy In ihis time.���Sandon Paystreak.  How Times Do Change.  "Not lightly fall heyond .recall  The printed scrolls   a   ibreath   ran  Moat,  Tlie kingllest aot, the crowning foot  Of freedom Is a free man's vote."  Very beautiful, Isn't It?  But lt .was  written a long time ago.���Toronto Star.  ���New Tear's Pledge.  British Colunfbla has a ���way of Its  own in dealing with everything political amid sometimes social. Owing. to  the oppressive and onti-unlon attitude  of .the Go*dertiam mining people the  THE WAGiE WOrtiK'BR.  Wanderer, without a home, dispossessed of nature's gifts, doomed to toil  while life remains, and exploited of my  own. Free! did you say? Yes, free to  choose a master, or starve where plenty  reigns.  Dear master, 1 offer myself .to sell  for wages; aye, my flesh and blood at  market .price���the worker's share���the  cost to live.  Ca.n I escaipe this cursed slavery���  where shall I go'! Roaming on this  enrtih 'possessed 'by others, without the  means of livelihood; ihow shall I produce my sustenance?  ���Master-have-you-no-pity,-can-you  see my starving wife and children, and  only offer charity? Give me my own  nnd charity I will need not.  Chained to .the machine I feed .by Invisible bonds of economic slavery,  vvith ever quickening speed I hasten,  produolng .wealth for others to enjov  (and still tihcy spur me on) till iny  eyes grow dim and my nmsoles loss  their <inU(kness, then I catch a gllmp-sc  of the dingy walls whlnh surround me.  and, weary of- life, await the silent  messenger with Indifference, and fill a  pauper's grave���murdered by the capitalistic system.���George G. Cutting, iu  the Clarion.  ���jui<A^tO int., Co^iwtcorttd  <^w^ ~$&tt' &M&7V de4s!  Wcii i o  inot e 2  <>  o  i\  o  ���  .il.  M  _ ,     it  H  li  <l  a day���a month, ls the common excuse.   Tt was what the captain  of a vessel said���on returning from itihe ivoyagie he -would insure.   Bat  he never came back.   The vessel was wrecked; he was lost; his family  was stranded,   too, financially,   by his .procrastination.  No other time Ls equal to the present moment for Life Insurance in  cost nnd opportunity, and no policies   surpass   those   of    tlie    Union  Mutual in iprlvileges ajid values.  'Details sent free.        '  Union Mutual Life BnsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorpokated 1848.  Call or writo for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  i i  <>  i i  i i'  n  i i  <>  <>  n  n  ��� ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  oee  The duesfioro of Fit  ��������  Never needs to keep men from wearing our Clothing. They must fit or you  nitisn't tako them���just so ns to stylo, cloth and appearance. "We buy the best  materials mado in Europe or America, selected by experts of long experience and  trained observers of fashion's cIiiiiikuh. Oiir largely increased iind increasing business shows that they are right. Why not avail yourself of this opportunity to  dress well and save nionoy.  Prices $10.00, $12.00 mid $15.00 and upward per suit.  CLUBB   ����   STEWART,  Telephone 702. 160 Cohdova Stkbet.  ABSOLUTELY   TREE.  DO YOU "VVA-NT TO EARN A B13A UTI'FUL WATOH (for .men or ladles)  bv using only a few moments of your spare time? Everyone wants a watcl��  and we offer a BEAUTIFUL ONI_ ABSOLUTELY r*Rl_)Efor introducing our'  Miracle Pills. Boys or girls can eaitm ��� these watches toy sparing a few moments of their time after school. Bend us at once your name and address and  vve will moid you one dozen boxes of our Miracle Pills, which .we ihave axl-  vortlt-cd so -much. Sell these at SOc. a box and send us $6.00 .by ��� .registered  mail nnd vve will send you PRHK the watch which we 'know will please yaa.  Everybody who has received'one lias ibeen delighted. The watch Is Hilled  case and fully guaranteed for one year. Our pills'are the best remedy known  for Dyspepsia. Heart Trouble, Constipation, Nervous Diseases, Indigestion,  Mood Diseases, etc. "They are easily sold."* Do not delay, but send your  name at once and wc will send, you the Miracle Pills and full description of  the beautiful watch. WHITES TO-DAi. SO AS TO BE THE FIRST ONE IN  YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD TO BEGIN  WORKING FOR US.  To those wishing to get the watch with the pills, If they .send ms a money  order for $3.00. being a. reduotion of $1.00 we will send tooth tihe pills aad  the watch.   WRITE PLAINLY.  R. COTE ���� CIE,  Bic,   Rimoiiski. Counti), Quebec.  9PECIAL OFFER���Sliould you desire to see a sample box of our pills we .  will send a full 50u box to everybody sending us 10c   In   stamps. . 'Mention  this paper.  The"  Having the Only Up-to-Uate Grill Room  In B. C.'which in Itself le a guarantee  of a Flt��t-Cla��B Hotel and Beataurant,  . THERE JS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  Seymour Streeet,  PATR0NIZE,UNI0N CLERKS.  All nortm cl the R. C. I. P. A. cm i-ow Hit card.  Aik fir II wk�� ukl_| yrar parehtwi.  ENDOHMP BY TME ��   r. OT U  LTQUOR ACT VS. REFERENDUM.  The following resolution has fbesn  passed iby the 'Winnipeg Labor Party:  Resolved���This (party can only appro/e  of a referendum oh 'Manitoba liquor  aot provided th<_ principle of the Initiative and referendum ln Its entirety Is  Incorporated In our provincial statutes  at thd present seeslon of parliament,  and it 'become a (permanent law of .the  province, and that this party will  strongly condemn the use Of thle ref-ar-  erdum under any other conditions.  OMC*TNiaO ACTUM ���(!���<  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only daring monthi named oa __c_it  band corner and when properly Binned and  stamped with the number of ibe Local."  UNION BAKERTEB.  . W. 73. Mulr, Mount Pleasant.  ,W. Murray, (Prior street.   ���        ���  Montreal Bakery, Westminster Avenue.  CF*. Adams, Scotch Bakery, Hastings  street.  IW. D. Kent, ��, Cordova street.  J, Oben, Hastlngf Btreet  Minchen CO., Granville street.  Barnwell Bros., Granville street  La-gen A Tupper, Gianvtita,stage*.,  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  The Independent wants a report tt  eaoh union mettXag aad nenm oonceta-  tnfer ittva menben ot cmy orvanliatloa..  Sutah reports and news ��rlU do much te  suataln and create interevt In the' er-  ganttt-tlono. Secretaife* mm mpttMOr  urtfaU to ���end ta U__a�� Mporta, tak  omre etora any ���anker ��_T ������ ms*bS-  ���st-oa win be rtfO-fere* ����__ jpNwoie.  Wi-  ��'��� -' ���%Wny<^?yB5*g-Si-gaCgg.'^  ti     '  ill*--  ft .  GUimmDA?. 3tANtT,UlT is; ISM  THE INDEPENDENT.  W  I  1  I  *p  V'.  t,  I  ci  'air**  ���  We should thlnlc you would. We Han't see how any, peison can get  through the world without a pair of Shoes. Your feet deserve to be made  comfortable andyou neglect t'he first .principles of comfort it you fall to  wear our shoes.  THE GOLDEN  BOOT STORE, I3 Hastings St. E.  A Union Clerk will unit on you.  (Hardware,  Stove*,   Ranges,   Etc.  35  Hastings Street  East.  s  liy Smoking 2  "KurtzVOwn/V'Kurtz's Pioneers," "Spanish Blossom" i  They are the best in tho land and made by  Union Labor in  5 KURTZ & CO.'S PIONEER CIGAR FACTORY g  J VANCOUVEI., 15. C. ��  '$ BDQTCiiW for tliciii and seo that you get them. 2  M��e��e��eeeMO6��9��eeea0e��0e0����9c��0��60oo��'9&eso  It was they wortced out the salvation  of ithe 'human race. So we should say,  we are suffering from a false system  now, and we will fight It now, and If  wo do so, we shall work out the salva-  itlon of the race In another way. That  man ls a traitor to the future, who Is  unfaithful 'to the duty of to-day. Yot  when we have snld all this do not sneer  at the "by and by." He Is no friend  of ithe race who setiks to destroy this  dogma. To many it Is a consolation, a  hope, iind an Inspiration. Men (may  full to ovei come wrong, men may fall  to remove ull Injustices, and men may  escape a Just retribution here, but lt  would 'be a calamity If theie was no  Judgment} dny, no just Judge in ithe  ''by and by," befoie which and before Whom all wrongs will be righted, nnd iihen every one will receive  justice for tihe deeds done nnd undone.  When thai faith 'Is destroyed, ii.ien  men cease ito guide and Influence men  In their thoughts, feelings and conduct.  It will be a sorry day for the world,  especially for the weak and the helpless. Huxley did not seem to be very  well satisfied with the doctrine  PROF. HUXLEY AAD THE  STRUGGLE.  (G. R. Maxwell, II. P.)  ln iny last paper I gave my readers  different pictures ��� of industrial    life���  .pictures which, In a very striking way,  rervealed the intensity of the struggle  now'going on for existence.    All hon-  *cst men recognise It, feel it, mourn over  il,.deiplcie It, and hate It.   Every lover  of 'his kind looks on .these pictures- wllh  n sad, sad-heail, audi every lover of  ���God te.Ms- that what these plcuiip-; 'C-  presenl is a Clime tigalnst lilm.    What  are you  going .to do    .with  It?    t'i of.  ,    Huxley was attracted .to, and  became  Interested ln, this, struggle.   The ���\ws-  tlon'wlth ine right 'here ls not ivlieilicr  "I agree or dls-agi-ee with ,hlm,  but 1  feel profoundly .thankful that a ninn of  his eminence in the t'hinltlng woilo, a  man of his  "intellectual    power   and  worth did tadkle a subject of this de-  .Hciiptlon,  und  did   make an, effort to  make thlng-s ibetter.    A good di-nl de-  -pond>- upon the -character, and the position of the mini who notlce&'a t_iln_r,  who calls attention .to- It, and who'advocates it, as to whether it nrll succeed or not.   Shakespeare tells ns,  / ,    .        3  . 'Tllid moon being clouded,  presently Is  anlssed,  But little stars may hide them when  ���tliey list.  , 'Gnats- lire iunnoted, wliereso'er they fly,  Iiut eagle's gazed upon iby every eye.  '       I  'The direct application of these lines to  our thought is evident.   So long as the  v "little stars and  'gnats'  of men"  say  things and advocate ithlngs success is  " .slow.   It does not matter wtietlier what  they proclaim is itrue and truly spoken,  taie world moves on unconcerned.,  So  .long as working men spoke and fougnt  against this struggle, many said, "they  are ugitators.-iklckers, anarchists; they  ��� don't Iknow vnhat   they   are   talking  aibout; they don't -wtint to worjt; trtiay  ought to be .put in jail," and so on. Their  report was not believed, andi for many  years   the   law   ivias arrayed against  ���these  tiuth speakers.    But wlion the  "moons" nnd the "eagles" of men stand  up an'd declare what they have seen  ���.an'd what they have heard, when thsy  ���<lieelareiwhlat is, wflien they tell the peo-  *ple the actual condition of millions in  " the world, ithe world wakes up, rubs its  eyes, openp Its ears, and  world, the optimistic dogma that this  ia .the best of (ill possible worlds will  seem little belter than a libel on possibility." To me, looking at things as  they nie, free from the extremes of optimism and pessimism, It is not the best  socinl. it is ilot the best Irotelleclu il,  and it I.s not .the best religious .world.  Any man that has got a head on him  can siL down 'and can Imagine a far  bettor woild thnn the one which now  exists. (Mark the Bible now here says  this is 'the 'best noild. We (ire only  told tfliji ov2r everything .which God  made at the .beginning, He snld it was  very good, but good Implies aJ better,  and the better suggests ihe best. The  Bible always assume:; u better, nol only  that It is possible, but emphatically  says it will 'be. One of Its grandest  reiela lions U��� the coining of the, Be->t.  Haw-H-er Innpeifeet this world1 may be,  It is well Jo 'keep in mind tills facr.  that it is not ni good, not 'half as  good lis it might 'be, and as it should  be, and man's Inhumanity to'man and  not God i'i .responsible for the incieased impei-reuion. .Bear 'in .niln'l still  further that this is a rich, rich ivorll.  .There i.s enough In It, moie than  enough lu It, for every man, uomiri  and child, mini if men but lived a reasonable life, if tho wealth lifts but  fairly and leasonably distributed, If  each had his Just proportion, it would  not be (i bad world at all. The poet  Maitxey says;  This i.oild Is,full of ibeauty as angel  worlds Kibove,  And If we did our duty, it might be  full of love.  And If 'full of love, as the'labor po='t  suggests, then this .unseemly and1 un-  Jtit-t struggle  Prepares to Listen.  'To me it *ls���jmmateri.'il,_whether���the  speaker of truth be rich man or poor  man, working man or scientist, learned  man or unleS-rned, but I rejoice that  ��� such men as Carlyle1, .Disraeli, Ruskin  and Huxley joined ithe ranks of_ the  reformers.   I 'rejoice .that God touched  their hearts, widened their sympathies,  broadened their ivlows, and opened their  eyes to see the naked truth In industrial   life.    I   rejoice  that   they   were  bravo land manly enough  to speak of  the titlh laiboundlng,   nnd   that   they  were courageous enough to face the Indifference, the opposition and the eo _-  ���tempt of the classes.   Such men have  -���done heroic work, and they Ihave done  much by their wisdom, and their suggestions .to enable    us to   arrive at  ���methods or systems or wayB by .which'  -this (terrible struggle may be lessened,  ���or Iby TVhldh It may ibe done away with  altogether.   Huxley waa one of these  men.   Let us see what hie ihas got to  (day, anfl vrti'at be has got to recom-  -mend.   Before dealing- with the "oure,"  "he deals with several points.    About  th'e ���world, ho eaye, '%n sober truth to  -thotie who have made a study of the  jflienamena of 'life as they are exhtb-,.  "Ited by'the higher forms *>f the, animal  Would. Soon Cense.  Huxley has no sympathy with the theological dngiuu. that this life is ��. state  of probation, and that the seeming Injustices and inninortillties of nature will  be compensated Iby and by. The dog-  ima may ibe tine, 'but the way In whicn  It has been taught may Ibe untrue. To  teill.men that because ther�� is a. judgment day awny In the distent future,  lie ought lo be oblivious to thesl? In  Justices now. Is suicidal and false. The  trouble iv.lth our teachers Is, that they  have magnified the future and minimised the .present, and they have not  taught men to do their duty now. It  has been the neglect ot tills duty that  Hhs given birth to many of the injustices prevailing.' That 'was a noble  trut'__i\i_iicli Paul-garv-e.-wihen- he-said,  "Wonk out your own salvation." Now  that does not refer to one thing. That  again Is a mistake wihlch our teachers  have i-omiiiitted. The narrow things,  when ithey should broaden them out,  Tliey make a, truth apply to one thing  only, when Uhey should apply It to  many filings. I .believe.the word salvation Is torond enough to Include the  Whole contents'of a man's .life. It applies to everything. If then we nre  commanded lo woik out our'own salvation, It means, that whatever obstructs, hinders, limipcdcr, and apfioses  that salvation must 'be swept away,  and that wherever -we 'find tlhesei obstacles and Impediments, we must fight  tliem, overcome tWetoi, and destroy  them. It nifMiivs that we are cowards  if, while conscious that the nvrong and  not the right iprovalls, ana .that Instead  of 'lighting the wrong we say���there is  a Judgment day���we shall .Wear with  these Injustices, we shall let them  grow, ithe future will bring1 us our  rights and our freedom. God hat. no  sympathy either with thesei men'or  with their conduct The men suffering  under tyranny eahl, we are slaves now,  and we, will light slavery now.   Thus  Educed from  Involution.  Evolutionists proclaim    as  a  sort  of  doctrine of comfort,  that the  terrible  struggle going' on tends to final good'  and that the sulferlngs of the ancestor  ���are paid for by the Increased .perfection  of the  progeny.    To  this  Huxley replies,   "There   would  be something  ln  tills argument if, Chinese fashion,  the  indent generation could pay its debts  to' its ancestors;    otherwise  it is  nc;t  clear what compensation the cohlppus  gets for his sorrows ln the fact that  _-ame milliolns of years afterwards, one  of   his descendants .wins   the  Derby."  Let us lift the argument a little higher.  There might be something in this doe-  liine if we could pay our debts to our  ancestors, but 'what comfort can It give  to mien lan'd .women dead and gone, and  for whom,    aeeoiding   to   ithese rank  materialists 'there is no after life,  no  heaven, mo after joy���no future sa-ve in  their progeny���the fact that their chlld-  ���ren  are reaping what  they haie  not  sowed.   Raise the argument still lugn-  cr, nnd bring It more In touch with ourselves.     What  comfort   can   this  doctrine   give   to   these   to-day   who   are  struggling and suffering .if they must  go down, if they must eke out a miserable existence, If to them there is no  hope of viny deliverance either in this  life or in .the future, to know that th?y  are experiencing in their bones, in their  souls, in tholr teais and In their blood,  the much 'Vaunted laws or processes of  evolution,   in other .words,' that  they  are being worsted, an'd are 'being sent  to the wall, the gutters, the slums, yea,  and death itself, in order to give place to  that mythical cieatlon called the "survival of the fittest."   Of such we may  say in the language of Job, miseiablo  comforteis are ye all.    Ye call" yourselves .physicians, je are only quacks.  Yo afiirm .that you have goto, gospel of  comfort .to those  engaged in this life  and  death struggle,  your message Js  only a message of despair.    You profess to have a healing medlciiip, in reality It leaves the .patient worse after  partaking of it .than' before.   To profess  to mend things,  the fact Is your  patent nostrum gives free scope to the  evils    of which   rwe - complain.    Your  struggle  means the end    of the mott  and the best of the race.   The ground  is now denied.   Bear In mindl that the  struggle   for  existence   Is   continually  before his eyes, and ds  A Fixed Entity  in his mind. He does not lake the  stand which many, unfortunately take  toy saying either that there is no such  struggle, or that it Is not as bad as  It Is represented to be. To hlni this  struggle is a tenrilble fact; a well authenticated fact, an indisputable fact.  He has no patience, no sympathy .with  those who Ignore it, an'd' drive their  to meet the wants of ihe population,  that the makers of artificial commodities should have amounted to Just  the number supportable by the surplus  Xoo��l of the agriculturist, add another  monstrous supposition���surely .the first  Is not monstrous���that every man, woman ami child were perfectly virtuous,  and aimed at the good of all the highest personal good. Well, then, there  would he no competition, but the industry of each would he serviceable to  all; nobody being vain, nobody being  avaricious, there would be no rivalries, the millenlum would have ilnally  ect In. But this state of things would  be permanent for only a. short time.  Add .ten fresh moutlis, and as there  weie exuetly *enough before, somebody  would go on short rations. The Atlantis society might he a heaven on earth,  the .whole nation might consist of just  men needing no repentance, and yet  somebody would staive." He then proceeds lo deal with the  Checflcs Made  upon population, infanticide, famine,  pestilence, and war, and these, he says,  have .tended In a gross and ibrutal fashion to mitigate the .intensity of the  chief causes of 'tills struggle. Wc have  put Infanticide down; we regard deaths  from preventlble causes as a sort of a  constructive murder; we eliminate .pestilence, and we declaim against war  and dilate on the .blessedness of peace.  He draws the following conclusion,  that so long as 'the natural man increases anil multiplies without restraint  so long will .peace and industry permit,  but they will iieces.sil.-ite a struggle  for existence as sharp as any 'that evev  went on under the regime of war. If  lstar is to reign on the ono hand she  will demand her human sacrifices on  the otlier. Lo.' in npite of ourselves,  having gained .peace, we are iu reality  engaged In an internecine struggle for  existence. The moral nature proclaims  for no nioiv than is compatible with the  general good; the nnn-nioinl proclaims  and acts upon tlhe line old Scottish  motto, "Thou _hrilt stunve ere I want."  Let u.s'be under no illusion. So long  as- unlimited multiplication goes on, no  .social organization which has ever been  deviled, or is likely to be devised, no  fiddle-faddling with the distribution of  wealth, will ever deliver society from  the tendency to be destroyed by the reproduction within Itself, in .its intensest  foim, of tli.nt struggle for existence,  tha limitation t-f Which lis the object  of society.  (To   be  continued.)  Pay up your subscription to the Independent, dt d'oes not cost you much  and you should, not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor pa.  per.  Union Directory.  i  VANCOUVEH TRIADES AND LABOR  UUUNOIL���President, John crow; \k-c-  presldent, W. J. Lamrick; secrctan, T. II.  Cioss; financial seeretari-, XV. 3. Beer;  treasurer, C. Croiuler: statistician, W.  McKissocl;; sergeant-at-arms, G. F. Lenfesty. Meetings���First and third Friday in  each month, at ".CO p.m., in Union hall,  corner Dunsmuir and Homer streets.  JOUHiNF.YJrEN B.UIBRRS' INTERNATIONAL I'M ION. No lit)���President,  G. XV. Isaacs: vice-piesident. Fred. Ham;  corresponding - financial secret.-", J. A.  Siewart, .U Cordova St: recorder, c D.  Morgan: treasurer, 13. aroig.in: fruide, ^.  A. Bradley; guardian, 1'. 3. Bcmieit;  delegates to T. >fc [_. Council: G. W.  Isaacs and Fred. Hume.' fleets first and  third Wednesdays at each month In  Union  Ilall.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 7-Ki Pender street  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  Gold Seal Canadian Eye ia Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, SOc bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the"  builder-up of the weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  heads"lnto"tlii_latest novel, scandal, or  gold craze. Again and1 again he throws  a lurid light upon the> facts, which  shows .that however blindly he erred  In his attempt .to cure, that yet he was  deeply s'enslble of it. Let us 'be tha,nk-  flul for small mercies. We hall him as  a friend, one who, while he cannot help  us much In getting rid of the struggle,  yet helps vory .materially In 'getting to  know* something aibout it. Conning then  closer to the question he says, "One of  the most essential conditions, ilf not  the chief cause of the struggle for existence, is the 'tendency to multiply  without limit. It Is notable that Increase .and multiply is a commandment  traditionally older than the *en. and  that It Is t'he only one which has been  spontaneously und ex animo obeyed  by the gcrat 'majority of ithe human  race. 'But in civilized society the Inevitable result of such obedience is the  re-establishment, in "all Its Intensity, of  that struggle for existence, the war of  each against all, the mitigation or abolition of -which was the chief end of  social organization. He now makeo  soine suppositions. Suppose, he says,  thlat the'produotlon of food should have  been exactly at isome (period sufficient  UNION CIGAR FACTORIES.  IXfltowang Is o, list of the Union cigar factories in British Oolumlbda who  use the blue laibel:  W.TlotJen, NO. 1���Dlvteibai No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kurtz & Oo. Nto. 2���OivisBon No. 88,  Vancouver.  InHana Cigar Mtmufaotudng Company, No. 3���DMBion No. S8, Hamloojis.  J3. Willberg & Co., No. 1���Division No.  38, New Weetanineter.  T. WtoxnJtexJk, No. fi���Division No. 38,  .Vancouver. s =���=���  COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. 2S. President, Chas  Over; vice-president, W. W. Nelson; recording secretary. Jas. H. Perkins: financial secretarv, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellender, Meeting everv Friday  at S..10 p. m. ln Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brien's Hall, the llrst and  thlid Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  Phillip, president; W. J. Lamrick, secretary,  SIS Princess street.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. US, XT.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,  R. Altken; vice-president, C. A. Melville;  secretary, A. Raper, Van Anda, B. C;  treasurer, H. V. Price; conductor, P.  Bnrt: warden. John LInklater.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 183-  Meeis r-econd and fourth Wednesday ln  each month in Union Hall. President.  Wm. Beer: corresponding secretary, EL  Tirr.mlns, 726 Hamilton street; flnanetoT  secretary, J. H. MeVety, lai Seymour  Qtreet.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  ���No. _2C meets tho last Sunday in each  month at Union Hall. President. C. S.  Campbell; vice-president. A. .7. McKay;  sw.-rot.ir>-, S. J. ttothiud, iP. O. box Oi:'  treasuier, XV. Orand; .sergeant-at-arms,  R. A. Stoney: executive committee, F.  XV. Fowler, E. L Woodruff, W. Brand.  Robt. Todd: delegates to Trades and  L-ilior Council,. W. Hrand, Holit. Todd,  J   R. Browne.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at 8 p. m. President, G. Dickie: vice-president, John Frizzell: secretarv, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalker: conductor, Ed. Manning; warden, D. Smith;  sentinel, T. Dubberley; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas.' Barton. Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie  and H. A. JfcDonnld.  Kelowna 6_ilpipe_B' Union Company,  No. 8���(Division No. 38, keftmna.  Wlrlght Bros, No. 5���iDlvtealon No. 38,  Roefeland.  . Kootenay dlgiar Mlanuflaoturing Oom-  plany. No. 10���Division No. 38, NeCson.  Metre & Johnson, No. 2���Diivtalon No.  37, VJotorta.  H.  BantOegr, No. S���Division No. 37,  Viiotorla.  laland Cigar FVuotnry, 8. Norman, No.  6-X)_vfe__on No. 37, Vtotoria.,  ���Province Cigar Co,, No, 7���Dlvtaton  No. 37, Victoria.  A. Setmoter & Sons, No. 8���Divtekxi  No. 37, Victoria.  P. Gabie, Nto. 9���Division No. 37, Na-  neXmo.  J. Lery, No. U-OMrtoe Wo. 17, Vie.  torte.  III. J. Booth, No. 14-WV-rtos N��. S7,  NuuUmo.  C. O. B<fcn��eo-<Dlv4-*oc_ Nto. tt, Victoria.  T. V. Gold, Capitol Cigar Factory,  No. 12, Victoria, B. C.  Harrta & Stuart, No. 5���Division No.  Si, Revelstotoe. s  . J.   Martin,  No.  7���Division  No.  88,  Sandon.  ..Fhelin ft MoDonougb, No. U-Divls-  lon 33, Netooo.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Jolneis���Meets every  second and fourth Tliuisday in Union  Hal], room No. '1. President, G. Dobbin;  vice-president, J. M. Sinclair; recording  secretary, XV. T. MacMulIen: financial  secretnry, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, J.  Ferguson: conductor, R. MaciCenzIe; warden, J. MoLeod; delegates to.T. and L.  council. Robt. Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M. Sinclair.  VANCOUVER FlSl-ERMELN'S UNKBT  No. 2. Meets In, Labor Hall, Hamcr  street Die hist Saturday in each month at  S p. m. Ernest Burns, president; Chas.  Durham, secretary, S47 Harris street.  JOURNEYMEN JJAKERS' AMD -O0N-  FDCTIONERS' International Union at  Aimerlca. Local No 4G, Vancouver,. B.  C. President, James Webster: vice-president, J. XV. Wilkinson; recording secretary, Murdo 'MncLean, 2721 Westminster  Avenue; financial secretory, H. McMuMn,  Toronto Candy Co.; ' treasurer. W. A.  Woods, 3or. Ninth Ava, Mt., Pleasant;  corresponding secretary. F.' iRawlings,  Barnwell Bros., Granville street; <mas-  to T. & L. Council: G. W. Isaacs.t Meet*  first and third Wednesdays of each  month In Union Hall. ,      "  .  CTGARMAKERS' UNION ,NO|. 3G7���  Meets the llrst Tuesday In each month.  ln Union Hall. President, A. Koebel:  vice-president, P. Crowder; secretary.  G. Thomas, Jr., US Cordova street west;  tieasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  an^s���J.-W. Brat; delegates lo Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowfler^  c   Nelson.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS ANB  DECORATORS, Local Union No. IM.  Meets , overy Thursday In Labor Hntl.  President,' W. Pavler; vice-president, W_  Halliday: recording secretary, E. Crush.  221 Georgia, strent: financial secretary. ____  Gothard, S2 Howe street; treasurer, D.  MeSorley.      JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF'  ��� AMERICA, No. ITS���JU-ef. alteraater  Mondays in room 1, Union Hall. President. F. Williams, vice-president, Ml����  Graham; recording secretary, H. . O.  Burrltt; financial secretary, WalfreA  Larson; treasurer, C. E. Nellson; sergeant-at-arms, A. J. Kennedy.   ���  yyw*&'&M**-  and  From Their Nanalmo, bonthfleld and  Protection Island lollieriei,  Steam, Oas  and  House Coal  Ol tbe Following Gradet:  Doubt* Screened I^ump^  Run of the Mtne,  ,        ,.'.1.1    5- ���  WaatitKl Nut Mnd  t_i    ,,',,.-/,"'  8AMUB_, M. ROBINS, Superintendent.  KVANB, COLEMAN 4 KVAN8, Agent!,  Vancouver City, B, C.  DELICIOUS WINE  MlDK EICIX8IVELV t-ROY B. C. F��CIT.  FRESH COT FLOWERS.  UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGAR8.  When making a trip around the  Park call on  W. B>. ��fooe& B^_SSo^nt  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVKC  To all point! ln Canada and tbe United BUttt.  THK FA8TE8T AND BEST EQUIPPED THAU)  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  ���AIL1N9* FOX J__r__N JJID CHINA.  Kmprcn ol India Dee.��  Athenian Jan. IS  Kmpreu of Japan 3an.1t  and every four weeka tliereaiter.  BAlUm FOB BOMOLCLD AND irtTEALU.  Aoiangt Jas Id  Moana '. Feb. 7  Mlowara Mu. 7  and even foar weeka thereafter.  For iurther particular! aa to tine ratee ete>  apply to  X. J.COTLE, JAMES KLAUS  A.G.F.A.' Ticket Aceat,   '  ���VaaoraTtt, B. C 429 Hartlng* BL",     .  ,   VaneooraT.l.Bk  /  ,, ;  A''"  -'���''��'^ "** ��� -', "  '���'".H  _5  ...I'.." PL_au__i;_  DOOMED TO DIE.  ���With, pity at iny heart, I stood aud  gazed upon the man before me; a man,  a fellow-being, doomed by a merciless  court-martial to die; to leave the bright  and beautiful world around him, aud to  be ushered alone iuto "the valley of the  shadow of death." A noble-looking uiiiu  he was, as ho stood there, unmoved  ipnid the enemies that surrounded him,  and a haughty, half-defiant, expression  restod upon his handsome, daring face.  He was a Union spy, captured iu the  Confederate lines and bearing upon his  person treasonable papers sufficient to  have condemned n regiment. He hud  made a good light, but he wns at lust  overpowered, the papers found upon  him, und, after a speedy trial, was condemned to die.  .1 hud formed ouo of the court-martial,  and though I know thut tho .crimp of  being a spy was punishable with death,  yet had 1 sought to have him spared. 1  was young then, for it was thu iirst fow  months of our Civil War, and I was not  as used to deeds of blood us 1 became in  after years ; and, besides, tho spy was  yonng and handsome, by his deportment  evidently a gentleman, and his reckless  bravery "had won my admiration.  Nightfall came upon our camp, und  the following morning the spy was to  be called out and Bhot. 1 hud been appointed to take charge of the execution,  and, seated in my tent, I was thinking,  thinking of the unpleasant duty I was to  perform on the morrow.  "Lieutenant, a note for you, sir."  I started as the orderly's voice broke  the stillness of the uight, aud, taking the  outstretched Dote, read ;n ��  "Pardon mc for 'disturbing your slumbers,  but us you command iho detachment, thut will  lo-morrow usher ' my soul Into eternity. 1  would see you, if your duties us un olllcer do  not urge to the contrary. HoiiiiiR you will  gram the favor, 1 remuin, with respect,  Wiuuun Haves." ,.  I carefully read tho note over twice,  and then said to the orderly:  "Say that I will come."  A few moments Inter, and I stood in  the presence of tlio condemned man.  "Mr. Hayes, you sent for me."  "I did, lieutenaut; nnd it was becauso of your kindness to me during the  trial, and also that I'saw in your eyes  pity for my fate."     '  ''I do feel for you, from my heartl do;  and sincerely wish I hud not tho un-  plciuant*" duty devolving upon me of  ordering your execution to-morrow."  "I huve a favor to a_ik of you, sir; to  please order the guard to remove some  distance from tlm tent, as it is a confession I wish to make."  I gave u command to the guard to retire a few puces, and returning to the  tent, Hayes at once began:  "I am no spy, sir, but am condemned  under circumstantial evidence. I came  into the Confederate lines to visit my  mother, who lives in the south, although she is Union in her feelings.  After a visit to her of a fow days I started to return, and by the road-side came  upon a dying man clad as a Confederate  Boldier. Imagine my surprise to recognize in him a noted spy of our own army,  and also recognizing me, he informed  me that he had been wounded the nignt  before, by being fired upon by a party  of Confederate cavalry, and had ridden  on until. he could go no further. He  knew he was. to die, and intrusted to my  care the* papers ho had about him... I  watched over tho poor fellow until he  died, and then hollowing out a shallow  grave,    '  "'Left him alone In his glory,'  and proceeded on my way.  "I have little more to add, except thai  I am a major of cavalry in the United  States Army, and wish that you will  tako my private papers from me after 1  am dead and send them to an address 1  will give you. Now Hub is all I ask, except that you will send me pen and ink  by the orderly when you return."  Thus we parted; and finding a scout  awaiting me at my tent upon my return,'  I gave him pen, ink and paper, ahd  ordered him to ride over to the tent  where the doomed man was with them,  aud to tell the guard to release hia hands  of the shackles while he wrote, but to  keep a close watch upon him.  A few minutes after, I was startled  by a loud shout, one, two, three shots in  rapid succession, and thon the rapid  rush of hoofs by my quarters. I was  just in time.to see the scout's horse dash  swiftly by and recognize, hy the moonlight, the commanding form of Wilbur  Hayes, the Union spy, in the saddle.  Men mounted in hot hsiste, an il a chaae  commenced, but the daring soldier escaped, and thus saved  him from the  death of a spy.  ��� Upon inquiry, I learned that when the  manacles had been removed from his  wrist, Hayes, watching his opportunity,  with two rapid blows struck the guard  and the scout to the ground, and spring-  " ing lightly on the back of tho scout's  horse, rode rapidly away, followed by  ��� the shots from the sentinels in the iin -  mediate vicinity.   IilealilU.*  =._=_Idealiate_ are_persons_'who profess Jo^  deny the existence of "material things,  and claim that ideas, beliefs nnd facts  are all that there are in tho world. For  examnle, we are never ill; wo only fancy  or believe that we are. If we had full  faith that we wore well, wo would bo  so. Thero is something in the ideas, for  every one' knows that the mind has  much to do with the condition of the  body. It is entirely-possible to cure  some diseases by persistently believing  that they do not exist and acting accordingly. But all maladies will not yield to'  fluch treatment. ,     ���,',..  An   fntorerttlr..' I.Kpurlmciit,  Tho Mirror and Farmer snys; Wo  hnve an experiment in \. jgress in which  five spayed heifers ure being fed against  ''.fivoopon.heifcrs and both lota against  five steers, tho entire fifteen head being  all of tho same age, raised on tho same  farm, sired by  the same .'.bull, nnd all  - from tho same kind of cows." The' object of tho experiment is to determino  not only the cost of producing beef  under theso conditions, but,,;the quality  of the beef as welL. '���'...'. . Xi'i ���'���'''\,,.  -; ,V lletultlful Swlrtir Custom.  ' A Swiss mother believes that her child  will have bad dreams unless it is crooned  to sleep And so, bonding low ovcr thu  drowsy little one's couch, she sings  soothing songs of green pastures nnd  '' still wateis until tho little one has  breathed itselt peacefully into the land  of Nod.  ( ������.���______������������  A ltt nl 1UB of War.       >  ��� At West Ljnn, Mats , a locomotive  wascounled to a Jingo electric engine;'  ,and power was applied to, them in op-  .; posite directions i'or some timo neither  gained an inch, but finally, with the aid  of band thrown on tho track, the locomotive came n*f vinto-.ious.     '  THE ONTARIO REVIEW.  What ltrUlnli Newspapers Had to Say of It  .   ���The Tiuitth and the SeuWmiui  Sp.iik Very  Warmly.  The London Times, Oct. 1'2, savs;  "The spectacle ut the review of 11,-  000 men in the Exhibition Grounds  at Toronto wus simply superb. Un  the plain was Major - General  O'tirad.v-llaly's command, the infantry being in line ol iiuurler columns, the cuvulry in line of siiuuil-  ron columns, and tlie uriillery in  line tit, close intervals. Over nil a  clonk o�� hot haze��� 'Slow dropping  veils of .thinnest lawn did go' ��� so  that the iirmy seemed endless. The  Duke, .who wore the uniform .of .Colonel of the Kqyul Fusiliers, was excellently received, llii''begun liy u  prolonged inspection, the length of  which seemed intensified because tho  cavalry, artillery and infantry  iniirclieil out of one - curtain of haze  only to disappear into another. This  is always the least interesting part  of any review, und it is worse when  the. inspection ollicer is lost in mist;  still it was pleasant to. note the  medalled veterans on the right, aiid  the saluting of the South African  heroes on the left. The latter liud a  tremendous reception, especially  when Lieutenant Cockburn came forward ' to receive the Victoria Cross.  Ho gained it in the same action ns  did Lieutenant Holland, who was  decorated by tho Duke at Ottawa.  Colors were also presented to the  Royal Canadian Infantry. Then begun the march past, which was an  extremely fine sight." '������.''.;',���..  The Edinburgh Scotsman, Oct. 12,  snys:. "The inarch past was begun  at 12.45. The Governor-General's  Body Guard led. The turnout of  cavalrc was particularly fine. Royal  Canadian Dragoons, 1st Hussars, the  2nd Dragoons and Princess 7 Louise  Dragoon Guards with their .'flashing,  silver helmets, the Toronto Mounted  Rifles, ,a newly formed corps .in  khaki, came lust, und were w.-irmlv  cheered on their first public appearance. The three brigades of Horse  Artillery, including.' tho.;.first which  rendered signal service in South  Africa, wore warmly applauded.  Then followed a superb muster of  infantry ��� Foot Guards, Fusiliers,  Grenadiers, Highlanders and Queen's  Own Rifles. The York Rangers nnd  the Haldimand Rifles of Indinns in  dark green uniforms; the second infantry division included the Argyll  Light Infantry, of wliich the Duke  of Argyll is Honorary Colonel, the  Princess of Wales' Own Rifles, and  many other fine corps. When it is  remembered thut till those regiments  ure volunteers, receiving onlv twelve  days' training yearly, tlieir soldierlike bearing and steady marchiner is  surprising, and would do no discredit to the finest troops in the  world."  CHOOSING A PROFESSION.  Inspector nuclirs' Advice to Xounff Hen  on the Subject.  Inspector Ilughes recently delivered an address to the members of the  West End Y. M. C. A. in Toronto on  "How to Choose a Profession." Inspector llughqs divided the subject  into two aspects'. The study of the  selfhood of each individual; the  study of tho profession/ The most  important thing in deciding a profession is to become conscious of  one's supreme power, he said. The  fundamental principle is that each  individual should adopt a profession  in which he believes himself to have  most power to help the progress of  the race. The highest individual  success in happiness, in growth, and  even in wealth, will conic in the profession in which the individual can  do most for society. A practical  suggestion made was that parents,  touchers, and wise friends should be  consulted, but Mr. lluorhe.s stromriv  urged young men to allow no one,  not even parents, to decide thcir  professions for them. They should  recognize thcir own responsibility  for choice in order to- develop thoir  own   individuality.  Mr. Hughes, gave detailed advice  in regard to choosing a profession  bused on the special powers of each  individual as revealed at school or  elsewhere. He advised the young  men not to be satisfied with thoir  present positions unless they were  quite sure that those positions  afforded them their best opportunities for individual success and for  aiding in the progress of humanity.  From his experience, he believed  most men failed in life either becauso they nre not in their right  positions or from luck of faith in  their, own powers.     '  .   ���  The Fnnnv  Hon of Montreal.  Wc find, this in the funnv column  of the Montreal Star of Oct. 21:  Hell hath no fury liko a woman  wlio paid 520 for a hat and then  finds that her.hired girl hns gone  and copied it.'  And wc find this in the funnv column of the Montreal Herald of the  same  day:  . Hell ITttth no fury like- a1,woman  who 'paid ' S20 for a' lint' arid then  finds that her hired girl has gone  und copied It. -, - i'i  Hell hnth no furv 'like a 'couple of  managing editors when thev find  that tlielr funnv men have been  stealinir from ,the same place.���Hamilton Spectator.  *:.,     ..  yA Woman'* (Jncstloii. :   . ( .  Mary had a litt.ln rimr. 'I,wns given  by her benu; and .'every wliere . thnt  Mnry went,,thnt ring was sure to  eo.. y  . . ���   '.7  ;' ".      .,   ���.   ,'. ..7>.;'  She took the ring with her one  dnv. off to the-seashore, where- she  might display it to tho girls. vwho  weie all ejusteicd  theie  And when'the trirls.all saw the  ring, thev made a no it ado. exclaiming with one voice "Has it at  lost got round to vou?"  Cannd i'i* ll ood-l'u p I xports.  Canada's c\ports of, puloivood and  woodpulp in ''1900 amounted .to  $3,3:15,329, of which,, S'JGuVJUO ,wns  'sent to Gieat BfiCtCin'iinclfS2'302 -  215 to the United States, S0(i,194  going to other countries.  THE LUCKY HORSESHOE.  Bill Jones, a strapping young giant,  with a yellow, curly head and simple,  blue eyes, wus regarded as a bravo man  when he went to nsk old Milo Menard  for his granddaughter's hand in marriage. Tho old miser regarded him with  scornful eyes und worked his toothless  jaws about after a most appalling fashion.  "Eh!" said Milo. "My Mary'Jano.  What is it vou'ro sayin' about her.'  "I love her. sir," repeated Bill; "and  she loves mo."  "Pshaw I" said Mr. Menard.  "And I want to marry her,' protested  Bill Jones, Bticking gallantly to his post,  "Well, yon can't!" snnrled Menurd.  "And there's un end of tho mutter.'  "I can support hor," said Bill Jones.  ���'The copperin' business is lookin up,  and���"        " ���    . _  "That don't make no difference, said  the old mun. "My gnl don't marry no  one bnt a blacksmith. Tho old shop has  got to bo opened again; the business has  got to go on." ^    .  Bill .lones Btared. Then it was true,  as tho neighbors said, that Milo Menard  was wont, ut times, to light the forge  fires at midnight and work nway on  rusty old nails and bare of long-unused  iron : especially on stormy nights when  sleep lied his pillow,  "Don't you think, sir," ho hazarded,  "that the coopcrin'���"  "I don't know nothin' about tho  cooperin'. nnd I don't care nothin' about  it," suid Milo, steadfastly. "But this I  do know: The mnn who marries my gnl  has got to boa blacksmith."  "Then." said Bill Jones, clenching his  Hercules fists, "111 be a blacksmith I"  He meant it. He apprenticed himself  tho next day to a sturdy son of Vulcan,  whoso forgo roared in red volleys of  flamo up the chimney, of a neighboring  shed and never rested until he had  qualified himself to shoe any horso in  the State.  ' 'I wouldn't do that for any girl, Bald  Harvey Martin. Farmer Martin's  nephew.  "Ah!" said Bill Jones. "But you  don't know how I love that girl! I've  loved her ever since I met her couiin'  down Eabbit Hill that snowy afternoon  with a horsoshoe in her hand. 'Grnn'-  ther says its bad luck to pass a horso-  Bhoe,' snys Bhe, laughin', when I made  bold to ask her what on earth she was  agoin' to do with it. 'So I always bring  'em home. Gra'ri'ther'B got a pile of'em  in the old shed back of tho forge.' A  blacksmith, indeed I If tho old cove had  bid mo to be a rope-dancer, .I'd ha' gone  to work practicin' with a will!"  Old Milo smiled grimly when he saw  Bill Jones handle the red-hot iron in tho  old forge and viewed a set of horse-shoes  that his mighty hand had hammered  out. , ,,,  "It ain't bad work," said he, "You 11  be a blacksmith, boy, if you keep on.  Yes, you may marry Mary Jane, if you  like���now I"  Mr. and Mrs. William JoneB' wedding  trip was only to the nearest town'to buy  a stove carpet for the best room and a  set of blue edged crockery to go to  housekeeping with.  "It's sheer extravagance!' growled  old Milo. "But it ain't my monev  they're goin' to spend, and I s'poso Bill  Jones has a right to do as he pleases  with his own."  But when the young couple returned,  of a sunshiny October afternoon, old  Milo sat out on his bench, his head bow-  od over tho staff which ho clenched in  both hands���dead!  There were no sign of violence, no  trace of mortal agony on face or form.  Had he fallen asleep, ho could not have  looked more peaceful nnd calm: and  Bill and Mary Jane both agreed that it  was better bo.  " He was peculiar, I know," said Mary  Jane, burstine into tears. "But ho was  always good fo me. Oh, poor grandfather!"  And Mr. Griscoinbo, the lawyer, arrived nnd unlocked the old deskj which  was propped up with a brick on one side  and had had all tho panes of the glass  front broken out at different times j by  enterprising burglars.  "No papers," said he. "No will on  file here. I didn't suppose there would  be. Mr. Menard deposited his last will  and testament with ine, ten years ago.  It's very simple.' It,:leavcs everything  to his granddaughter, Mary Jano Menard. Now," he explained, "Mrs. William Jones, I'll read it to yon."  "But," cried the eager public, "where  is the fortune? What has become of  tho old miser's money?"  "There iB no mention made of money,"  said Mr. Griscbmbe; dryly. "Nor of  fortunes." 7     :  -...  The public was ineffably disappointed.  Not so Bill Jones and his blooming wife.  "Polly is a fortune in herself," said  Bill, complacently."  And so Bill flung open the doors of  the musty old blacksmith's shop, lighted  a huge fire and put on his leather apron  and sleeves, while Mary June took her  needlework ond sat out on the bench  where Grandfather Menard had died,  nnd sang,Boftly^to^herself, like a. little  human thrush. .  "I don't know, I'm sure," said Bill  Jones, "what on earth I am going to do  with all this'preposterous heap of old  horseshoes." ,���  "It was for luck, you know," apologized Mary Jane. "Grandfather never  could'pasB a' horseshoe without picking  it up and bringing it home. And some-  .how he got me: into tho same habit.  Somo of these are very good,I think."  "And some of 'em ain't!" observed  Bill, shrugging'his broad shoulders.  "Howover, I'll just give 'em all an overhauling and see what, they do amount  to. It's my opinion, they'll most of  'em fetch just half a cent a pound for  old iron." '  "  "Wei," said Mary Jane, with a sigh,  ."I suppose t's of no uso keeping them."  '' Hallo 1" shouted Bill. '' Thoio, down  nt the bottom nre of mortal queer color)  Eh? Iron?' Not these ain't���not if I'm n  judge of metal! Poll/, theso nro gold!'  .   "WhntI'-cried;Po_ly.  "Solid gold!" said Bill Jones. "Tnr-  nighed add discolored and nigh the color  of tho old'horseshoes themselves, hut-  solid gold I Polly. Polly, my girl.wo've  found the old man'b foi tune ,it lint1 No  wonder the burglars never lobbed luri  of it. for. as truo us joo live, he's be.itei.  it nil into horseshoes!"  "It cant be possible!" cried Polly,  who, dropping the blue gingham npion  thnt she wus making, hud limited to the  spot  lt was -true Milo Menard, fall of  whim and caprice, had taken his own  measure forpicjervmg his own proppi ty.  nnd ull the cliie which ho hnd (bosun to  furnish as to the whereabouts of hi*, l.ot  inconsiderable savings was the dccWo  that his grand-diiughter should marry  no one but a blacksmith.  CANADIAN HUMOR.  >ome Consideration!   That   Account  far  It* Great Dearth.  A great deal is tnkcn for granted  in milking use of such titles, but it  cm be stated immediately that tho  expression decs not make nny claim  for the existence of a'school of Canadian humor. Rather, although it  is a sad admission, a doubt may b��  expressed whether there is much  hniiioi oi" any kind to be found in  Can.idmn luiblic.t'.ioiis. If it were  not ior the editorial writers on our  iiettMupers, who ure generally able  to discover something worth a smile  once a (lay. oue would hnvo to ad-  nul Hint there is a singular lack of  sparkle iu literary expression of any  l.ihd in Canada. We can be sincere  uud appreciative, very much in earnest a bout our duties and our surrounding.,, but the old lady who ud-  vocuted the establishment of a chnlr  of humor to improve the tono of tho  average theological collego would  have some reason for believing that  the future of Canada was in a scrl-  .ous way.  Outsiders, it is to be supposed,  "would account for thla state of affairs in one of two ways, either by  saying that Canadians cannot take  anything but n serious view of themselves, or else that they have a dislike for humorous view of lifo when  it is presented to them by others.  Leaving the first explanation for tho  present, ono can say without any  hesitation that tho second supposition is most unfair. The averugo  Canadian is deeply attached to a  joke, whether produced by himself or  by someone else. The Canadian is  a cosmopolitan in humor. lie feels  that ho can understand tho English,  Scotch and Irish humorists. He is  thoroughly in sympathy with the  Americans when they are inspired  by circumstances to compose that  form of sublimated fiction which contains their best wit; ho can enjoy  life, although he mny be convinced  that there is a broader culture to be  found in Punch, with its famous  school of draughtsmen. Brought up  in u, welter of dialect, nnd with a  constant recollection that he is only  one among a number of nationalities, the Canadian can recognize elevation of spirits in the German, and  even in the Chinese, when it is presented to him. How then enn it be  supposed that Canadians are incapable of appreciating humor? Whatever the explanation may be for the  want of written examples of Canadian humor, it cannot be that they  would not be popular in Canada.  The Question of production is another matter. Thero is an adherence  to time-honored jests in sections of  Canada that seems to justify tho suspicion that there has not been a  great choice of alternatives. You  can feci certain that a joke will never die, once it has taken a firm  hold on the affections of the peoplo,  crops may rotate, but a jest is incapable of exhausting any soil it  has once fastened on. It must not  bo supposed, however, that Canadians aro incapable of cither unconscious or spontaneous humor; as for  example, the native of eastern Ontario, who invested in an imposing  marble shaft for his first deceased  spouse, and divided it fractionally  and horizontally for tho two ladies  who rashly followed her; or, as in  tho case of the mnn in western Ontario, who, after doing his best with  the large, dry fish which had been  baked for his dinner, to a condition  that expelled every recollection of  its native element, remarked with  unconscious wilfulness, that there  must be a lot of eating on a while.  One of the most singular things  about tho present dearth of humor in  Canadian writing is tho fact that  earlier in our history this was not  the case. Sam Slick, although he  was an American, was a clockmaker  in New Brunswick, and his Canadian  chronicler felt that it was quite natural that ho should be so. lt did  not worry Judge Haliburton that  Frcdericton and St. John had not  a world-wide reputation in 1840. He  felt entirely capable of adding that  attraction to a most charming part  of the world, which he found full of  native character that could be heated humorously, and with the fuller,  deeper note of truth wliich always  accompanies genuine humor. The  author of "Tho Clockmaker," "Tho  Attache" and "Tho Letter Bag of  the Grent Western" would have been  somewhat astonished if he had  known how long he would have had  to wait for a successor. In tho meantime, extracts from some of his more  famous passages havo been included  in Canadian school readers; and in  this way a conviction has remained  in-the nativo consciousness_that_lherc  onco wus a man of considerable fame,  who lived iu tho lower Provinces and  wrote of politics and character from  an entirely Canadian point of view  It may be'because the shillalnh element has so largely departed from  public life that no imitator of Judge  Haliburton's somewhat caustic and  heavy, wit now discusses our relations with tho mother country and  with the States. A wider knowledge  of the politics of other countries introduces a feeling of procedure and  criticism Into one's own. To hear  from "Mark Twain how the Magyars  and Czechs roll about on the Parliamentary floor in Austria suggests the  reflection of how much moro cultured  and rcspectablo It ls to remain seated or but mildly expostuliitory at  Ottawa. ��� Marjory MncMurchy, in  The O lobe.  To Save the Oyster Hede.  An Order-ln-Council has been passed providing that fishing for clams  in bays, harbors, and other waters  in Canada where oysters are taken  shall be permitted onlv on areas set  apart and 'marked out by the local  fishery officer for the respective districts in wliich such fishing is prosecuted. Tlio idea of the regulation  is to prevent persons committing  depredations upon oyster beds when  digging for clams.     '  Cnnndii'n Rallwavft. ,r  In 1850 Canada had 500 miles of  railway;    to-dtiv   she has 40,000  double the mileaeo of TSncrionii  THE BRITON'S WAY.  Lord Koiebery on >om�� Dlbiidiuiittisve of  J-iislUli Mrtliodn-'lliii Nutlounl  .-clf-(. nlli|tlucollu>.  In his speech at the distribution  of prizes to the students oi the Birmingham and Midland Insulate,  Loul ltoscbery made .several remarks which have since, been widely  discussed and generally with approbation. Speaking of the Briton's  "national self - complacency," he  suid:  "The nation which is satisfied is  lost. The nation which is not pro-  giessing is retrograding, 'Rest and  be thankful' is a motto which spells  decay.  "The New World seems to possess  more of this (|iiulitv of progresMve-  ness, in its crude slate, ut any rate,  than the old. In individuals it  sometimes seems to be carried lo excess. 1 do not b.\ this mean the  revolutions which periodically ravage the Southern nnd Central American Republics. 1 think more of thu  restless enterprise of the United  States, with tho devouring anxictv  to improve existing machinerv and  existing method!., and the apparent  impossibility of accumulating nnv  fortune, however gigantic, which  blmll satisfy or bo sufficient -to allow of leisure nnd repose.  "There the disdain of finality, the  anxiety for improvimr on tho best,  seems almost a disease; but in Great  Britain we can afford to catch the  complaint, at any rate in n iiiitiirat-  cd form, and give in exchange somo  of our own self-cotiiplacencv for  complacency is a, fatal gift. 'What  was good enough for mv father is  good enough for ine" is a treasured  English axiom which,(if strictly carried out, would have kept us to  wooden plows and water clocks, ln  these days wc need to bo inoculated  with some of the nervous energy of  llie Americans. That is true of individuals, admittedly true, but is it  not also  true of the nation?  "Occasionally the nation wakes un  and finds that its methods or machinery are out of date, and even decayed. It demands, for exniiiule.  that some department or another  should be placed up-to-date, and  having made the demand, it turns  its attention to something else, or  goes to slumber; then it wakes un  again, finds that nothing has been  done, grumbles, and perhaps swears,  and turns its attention to something else or perhaps slumbers.  "There is a storv of nn Enclish  duke, the husband of an historic  duchess, who wns awakened with the  news .that his muirnilirem unlace, in  wliich he was then sleeping, wns in  flames. He expressed the hops that  they would be put out. and turned  round and went to sleep niruin. Now  that in itself is not a bad form of  phlegmatic courage, a passive force  in itself, but it is a quality of  strength which contains a peril. Our  people in like manner when thev nre  told that their houso is on fire are  apt. to call loudly for u lire engine,  bia to fall asleep again directly ��� it  arrives."     '  *        '''The (Juecu Out of Mourning.  King Edward .and liueen Alexandra had then- '" i mini' I'l olos  taken. 'The official term of grief has  expired and Their Majesties will  hereafter be tukeii "a 'he ermine urd  tho purple, but not in black.  The wueeii ^has now laid aside her  veil of crepe, upon which the crown  posed so jauntily in the spring and  most beautiful costumes in various  colors, though for the most part in  gray, us Her Majesty is very parliu!  to that shade. The King will hereafter don his army uniform or-wear  citizen's clothes as may ploasc_him,  but the heavy dead black mourning  will not be seen.  The last mourning photos of Tlieir  Majesties shows them in full regalia,  but with the weeds upon them. The  King, ever gallant, holds the Queen's  fingers in his own, and the Queen  stands a little in the background, ns  befits a consort. Her Majesty is  sweet faced as ever, but a trille  thin. Though a woman past middle  life, she still holds her own and is  now, as sho has been for tho pnst  generation, the prettiest royal' lndv  in Europe. Their mourning picture is to be perpetuated in a' beautiful painting to be immediately executed by the court painter.  Hodge the ��impl��-311iidud.  An election petition was being tried  and n witness ��� wus called to prove  "bribery."  "One of the gentlemen says to me,  'Hodge, you-must- vote" for the Tories,' said the witness."  "And -what did you answer to  that?"-asked-t he-counsel���  Well, says I. 'How much?' "    .  "And what did tho< agent say'?"  "lie didn't say nothin.' The other  gentleman comes to me and says,  'You must ' vote for the Liberals,  Hodge.' "  "And what did you answer?"  "I said, 'How muchV So ho nrst  me what t'other gentleman offered  and I told him five 'shillings."  "And what did the Liberal    agent  do?" .       ' -    *"  .  "He gave mo ten."  Counsel sits down triumphant, and  up starts tho other side.  "Did you voto for the Liberals?"  "No."  "Did you voto for tho Tories?"  "No, I ain't got a vote!" ��� London Spare Moments.  Inuii nf I'rltlnh Ship..  According to a recent Parliamentary return the number of losses and  minor casualties of vossels of.the  United Kingdom in 1890-1900 was  5,463. There wero 420 vessels, of  179,676 tons, totally tost, or less  by 104 vessels and 27,231'tons than  the averuge for the lost twenty-four  ycurs. In the Inst twenty-four years  there have'"been.6,506 British ships  wrecked'and 40,797 lives lost. The  seas about tho United Kingdom aro  particularly dangerous, as Caesar  found over nineteen hundred years  ago.' nnd tho Spaniards later. ' ' As  many as 79 foreign vessels, of 47,-  267 tons, were wrecked and became  total losses in 1899-1900 near . British coasts.  CANADA TAKES HER HONORS.  Awmrda at the ran-Amt-rlran lloriesho-rt  to Cuniitlliili llreedel'rt.  Clydesdales���Stallion three yeava  or ovcr. l-'irst prize, Graham-Bros.,  Clarcmout, Can.; 2nd prize, II. G.  Bong, Churchill, Out.; 3rd and 4th  prize, Kobert Ness, Ilowick, Que.;  5th prizo, II. G. Bong, Churchill,  Out. Siallion two years and under  three���1st prize, Graham Bros.,  Clarcmout, Can.;. 2nd prize, Thos,  Skinner, Mitchell, Ont.; 3rd prize,  Kobert Ness, Ilowick, Que. Stallion one year and under two���let  prize, Graham Bros.. Claremont,  Out.; 2nd prize. Whelthan & Pluck,  St. Mary's, Out.;> 3rd prize, Graham  Bros., Clarcmout, Ont.; 4th prize,  Whelthan &J''lack, St. Mary's, Ont.  Mare thuee years or over ��� 1st  ptizc, Graham Bros.. Claremont,  Ont.; 2nd prize, Ilodgkinson & Tin-  dale, Beavcrton, Ont.; 3rd and 4th  prizes, A. G. Gormley, Unionville,  Ont. Filly two years nnd under  three ��� 1st prize, Ilodgkinson &  Tindale, Beavcrton, Ont.; 2nd prizo,  Kobert Ness, Ilowick, Quo. Pilly  one yeur and under two ��� 1st prize,  Ilodgkinson & Tindale, Beavcrton,  Out.; 2nd prize, Kobert Ness, Ilowick, Que. Blood mare to be shown  with foal at foot by a registered  sire ��� 1st prize, Ilodgkinson & Tin-  dale,  Beavcrton,  Ont.  English, Shire���Stallion three years  or ovcr. 1st, 2nd and 3rd prizes,  Bawden & McDonald, Exeter, Ont.;  4lh prizo, Bell Bros., Woostcr, O.  Blood mure to be shown with foal  at foot by registered sire, 1st prizo,  Bawden & McDonald, Exeter, Ont.  Cleveland , Bay ��� Stallion threo  years or over. 1st prize, Albert  llcwson, Grahumville,  Out.  Hackneys���Stallion three years .  or over. 1st prize, Fred Stevens,  Attica, N. Y.; 2nd prize, Kobert  Beith, Bowmnnville, Ont.; 3rd pme. '  F. C. Stevens, Attica, N. Y.; 4th  prize, Kobert Beith, Bowmanvillo,  Ont.; Sth prize, Glnssey & Co.,"Truro, N. S. Mare three years or over  ���1st and 2nd prizes, Fred C. Stevens, Attica, N. Y.; 3rd prize, Kobt.  Beith, Bowmnnville, Ont.; 4th  prize, Fred. C. .Stevens, Attica, N.  Y. Filly two years and under three  ���1st' prize, Fred. C. Stevens, Attica, N. Y.; 2nd prize, Kobert Beith,  Bowmanvillo, Ont.; 3rd prizo, Fred.  C. Stevens! Attica, N. Y. Filly one  year and under two���1st and 2nd  prizes, Fred. C. Stevens, Attica, N.  Y. Blood mare to be -shown' with  foal at foot nnd ono other of her .  produce three years or under b.v a  registered sire���1st and 2nd prizes, '  Fred.  C. Stevens,  Attica, N.  Y.  French-Canadians ��� Stallion thrc�� .  years or over. 1st prize, Samuel C.  Mooney, Vankleek Hill, Out.; 2nd  prize, Eus Bucher, Ste. Madeleine,  Que.; 3rd prize, Zonon Robilliird,  St. Jacques, Que.; 4th prize, .Canille  Aichninbault, -Charlemagne. ' Que;  5th prize, Elie Goronnrd, Ste. Vic- ,  tore, Que. Stallion two years and ,  under three���1st prize, L. P.Sylvcsr  ter, St. Theodore d'Acton,-Que.; 2nd  prize, Aiiicdes Chtirron, St. Denis,  Que:;- 3rd prize, Mcarsol Belistc, St,  Jacques, Quo. Marc three years or  ovcr���ist prizo, ' Henri Deland,  L'Arcadia, Que.; 2nd prize, Menrsol  Belistc, St. Jacques, Que. Filly two  years and under threo���1st prize,.  Henri Deland, L'Arcadia, Que.; 2nd  prize, L. Thouin, Repentigny, Que.  Blood mare to be shown with foal  at foot by'a registered sire���1st  prize, Henri Deland, L'Arcadia-, Qu  prize, Henri Deland, L'Arcadia,  Que.;" 2nd prize, Mearsel Belisto, St.  Jaciues, Que.  Thoroughbred-Stallion three vears  or ovcr���1st prize, The Telfer &  Climie Co., Montreal, Quo.; 2nd  prizo, XV. XV. Fleming, Exeter, Out.;  3rd prize, A. Frank & Son, The  Orange, Ont.; 4th prize, The Telfer  & Climie Co., Montreal. Quo.  Draft Horses���Sweepstakes, stallion any age. 1st prize, McLaughlin Bros., Columbus, O. Swecp-  istokcs, marc any age���1st prize,  Ilodgkinson & Tindalo,     Beavcrton,  Ont. .    .  i.  ' Dnnceil With the Prince.  Among those who danced .with tho  Prince of .Wales,.now King Edward  VIT., at the Citizens' Ball in his honor in Toronto, on September 11th,  I860, wore Miss Powell, daughter of  the late John Towell, Esq., of Niagara, and. formerly Mayor of Toronto:''Miss Meredith of London, nnd  Miss *Dcimison, now Mrs. Delam.re,  wife of Col. Dehimcre. of the Q.O.R.  The program of dances for the occasion was as follows:  l-Ouadrllle-Juhol    Straus.  2-Volkn-l>'l(rtter of the West . .Eea'inun  3���Giiloii���Steeplechase   4-Quii(lrllI(���Artist    Strauss  6���Valse���Dreams on the Ocean ���  0���1'olkii Keilown���ltlsolotto  Verdi  - "-I.anccra-OrlEiiinl. _....__.__. ���_���   8���(laliip-Champngnc   Lumhye  ft���Talsc���Ainclin    l.niiilivo  10-Qnndrllle���Volkn Garlen    Stmiisa  11���I'nlkii���Flower of the West...Bergman  12���(Inlop���I'rlnce of Wales  R  13���f.nnecrs���New York    11���Value-l'estlicr    Limner  15���Polkn ' Itciliwn���La   Vlennolsc. Strauss  lO-Qnndi lllc���Scotch    luclllcn  lT-Gnloi>-01uic Fltce   l'ulirliach  IS���Polka-Anna   Wlio  19���Lniiccri���Oi-lclnnl    !!0���YnlRp-lMc Itomiintliion  Launcr  21���Oalop���NlpUt In Denmark ....Luiubyo  God Save the Queen.  ,1  m  i  (\Ua\m  1  TH  When llon*i�� Ili-rnH Are sheil.*  Whilo tho glossy black of winter in  the color of tho bull moose is highly  prized in tho trophies of the chase, it  is unsafe for the hunter to leave tho  selection of his game until too late  in tho season, for then he may Iind  that the best heads have lost their  horns. These nre sometimes, nhed in  Novombor, generally in December,  and sometimes, -though most lre-  quently in tlie case of the smaller  specimens, roliiincd till .January. Tlio  older bulls are usually tl-# first to  shed their antlers.. Some of the enormous horns shed by veteran bulls '  nre occasionally picked up by hunters and others, and often aro mounted by expert taxidermists with good  offect upon heads from'which' other  sets had been-cast. , One such head,  privately owned in the City of Quebec, has been,so successfully treated  and constitutes such a magnificent  trophy that its owner has refined  ;S100 for It.      - '  ���I  VJ  7   jl  J  . '-I  mvH.'unai.M  m Ft
11 'i
T' i,
Au Imoiillon Mhirh Itiielr Spoaki, Not
lli.|W\ lit jitmliicc* --p.cell.
A ieni.iil.ablo triumph in mechanical invention has just been achieved
by Dr. JI.uage, who has succeeded
in constructing a inuchiiiu that can
utter plainly and distinctly tho five
vowels—a, e, l, o, u.
Although many attempts have beun
made at this, it is only now that
success hns been utliilned, ond before long we may expect to have a
miidilnu that enn really talk.
Of couise, the phonograph is not a
talking machine, because it meiely
gives off a record that has already
been mudo upon >i cylinder by an
actual human \oice. Dr. Murage's
machine, however, creates the vowel
sounds at llrst hand.
This niaclilne has been constructed
so as to icpioduie tho Interior of a
pel son's mouth while pronouncing
tho different vowels, using tho plns'-
tic^ substance employed by dentists.
Theso fulsi; mouths, as it were,
are mado of plaster Paris, and aro
fitted by sirens giving tho appropriate combinations of sounds. Dr.
Marago then sets his lnucliino in operation uud thu vowels arc produced
Dr. Marago purposes to modify the
steam siicns used on shipboard bo
that they will imitate the vowel
sounds. Thus   difleient   phonetic
syllables may bo obtained which
muy bo used to foim an international alphabet.
Another important application of
this synthetic process can be made
in the const! uction of ear trumpets
Uluit will not fatigue tho deaf, because they will not modify the
grouping of oscillation adapted to
the eai. Dr. Marage has also constructed the "acouomcter." giving
a typical sound of the vowel "a,"
for example, which may be used as a
standard to which certain other
sounds may bvo referred.
Thus there nro far greater possibilities for this self-talking miii-hiiio
than appear from a first glance at
tt Now that it is possible, to make
exact mechanical icpiodiii-.tiims of
the human mouth wilh pliable lips,
perfect teeth, and all the wonderful
inner mechanism, it would be pos-
siblo to use those mechanical word
producers on a magnihed srale on
steamships at night and in fogs,
nnd many disasteis may thereby be
At present Dr Marage is engaged
in perfecting his invention and
studying particularly those words
in the production of which the
cheeks play a moie or less important
part, for in this dncclion lc feels
he has not yot achieved perfection'.—
Loudon E\prcss.
Ho Had Suffered for Forty Years
From Dyspepsia—Food Became
Detestable and Stomach Cramps
Mado Life a Burden.
UeTenco AcHinsr Houflehold l'catl.
"Keep the house and surroundings
clean, dry and well aired if jou want
to keep out pests," writes Maria
Parloa, in The Ladies' Homo
Journal. "Do not keep kitchen
garbage, wet cleaning-cloths, dishcloths or towels in the house. Bum
or othei wise dispose of the garbage, wash and dry all cleaning-
cloths every day - Keep cereals in
tiri, stoneware or glass receptacles ;
wood harbors insects. Fill all tho
cracks in walls and floors. Wash
floors, closets and diawors 'with carbolic acid water. If unwelcome
visitors appear in nny part of the
house use a stiong solution of carbolic water for injecting into cracks
and grooves, five ounces of water
to ono of carbolic crystals."
Speed of Varlon. Fi.li.
The dolphin .Is ci edited with a speed of
considerably over twenty miles nn hour.
For short distance's the salmon cuu out-
stiip nny other flsh,'accomplishing its
twenty-five miles nn hour with ease. Tlie
Spanish mackerel is one of the Latest of
fond fishes and cut* the water like a
■ yacht. Piedatory hshes are .generally
the fastest swimmers.    '
Jas. McKce,
Lachlm McNeil,
John A.  McDonald,
,C. B. Billing,
John Mader,
Lewis Butler,
'Linwood, Ont
Mabou, C   B.
Arnpi lor, Ont.
Markham, Ont
Mahonc Bay, N.S
Burin, Nfld.
These well known gentlemen all assert ' that they -wore cured by MIN-
From Tho Topic, Potrolen, Ont.
1'ow men in    Potrolen    aro better
known   thn»   Mr.   Thomna   Findlay,
who hns resided   hero   nearly   forty
J ours.    In 1802   Mr.   Findlay   camo
hoie,    and  before   the railroad connected with Petrolea ho <lrovo a slago
coach,   bringing tho early   oil   men.
When    tho   railroad camo   hero   Mr.
Findlay   engaged Ik tho,oil business,
but later ho suffered from a gun accident,   thut disabled his hands permanently.  Afler  recovering from his
Mr. Findlay was appointed constablo
and night watchmun for    tho town,
which oflice ho has held during thirty
yours past.   This accident was by no
means Mr.   Findlny's worst   misfortune.   From early youth ho had been
a martyr to dyspepsia,   which finally
botamc   so   bad that   ho looked forward to death as a merciful release.
Happening to hear that Mr. Findlay
had   found   complete relief from   his
lifelong foe, a Topic reporter waited
on him to find if this was true. Mr.
Findlay was only too glad to tell his
story,  hoping  its  publication might
help some other sufferer.   " I am   a
pretty old man now," said Mr.Fmd-
lay,   *' but   I cannot remember    the
timo  when  I was   not in  pain from
pernicious   dyspepsia    and    stomach
trouble until lately. As a young man
on the farm I suffered all sorts   of
pains with it; food would sour on my
stomach and violent vomiting spells
would "follow.   As I grew older   my
sufferings increased.   I could not cat
anything   but   tho   simplest kind   of
food, and little of that.   My system
became badly lun down and I grew
so weak that I really looked forward
to death as a release from my misery    One after another I tried doctors and medicines, but could get no
relief   then in despair I concluded to
quit all and await the end.     Mean-
tinio   my condition    became    worse.
Violent   cramps   attacked   my    legs,
prostrating me for a time.    They became worse and more frequent until
they one day attacked my stomach,
and I thought my    end   had    come.
Unable to move and in agOny I was
dtivcn homo,   as   I   thought to   die,
but after an injection of morphine I
gradually recovered.   From that time
on the cramps increasing in frequency
and violence.     Nothing gave mo relief except  tho  temporary  immunity
from pain afforded by morphine.0    I
became so weak from pure starvation
that death    staled    me in the face.
Finally a friend said   'Why don't you
try      Dr.    Williams'      Pink   Pills ? '
'What's tho uso '" I said, ' I've   triod
everything and just got worse all tho
lime '   "Well," she snid,  'you try   a
box of Dr. Williams'  Pink  Pills,  they
cured mo, and I believe they will do
you good.'   Well, I purchased'a box
nad started taking them      Aftor    a
little I .thought they helped me,' so I
kept on taking them for a couple of
months when I fell I was really cured
aftor. so many years of suffering. My
sticngth came back, my stomach re-
coveied its power, and I wns able to
cat   anything   I   fancied,    and'once
more could enjoy life.   This is nearly
two years ago,   but I was cured   to
stay cured.   I have never   had a sick
day since    or known   the"  slightest
stomach trouble.     I am confident   I
would be a dead man now'if it were
not  for  Dr.   Williams'  Pmk   Pills-
nothing else ever helped me."
The old adage "experience is tho
best, teacher," might well be applied
in cases of dyspepsia, and if sufferers
would only be guided by the experience of thoso who have suffered iiut
are now well and happy through the
use of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills,
there would be less distress through-
ouf'tlie land. Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills can bo had at all dealers in
medicine, or by mail, post paid, at
50 cents a box or six boxes for S2.30
b.v addressing Uie Dr. Williams' Medicine Co , Broikvillc,  Ont.
Colonlul Secretary lit. JJoit  Joitoph Chain-
berluln  Spends    Hia   lioliilaja  Ainone
Them—His llmutlful Home (.union.
Mr. Chamberlain is ono of the few
British legislators who spend the
Parliamentary recess at Lome.
"Home" in Mr. Chamberlain's case
means Highbury, Biiniiiigluun, whoro
lies the garden that tho Colonial
Built, as it was, in 1880, under his
own diiections, Highbury might nl-
mist'be taken as showing Mr Chamberlain's character. It lies but two
miles fiom the pulsating heart of
commercial Birmingham,, and vet Ib
so surrounded by us own tlncklv-
wooded grounds that so soon as
you havo entered its gates you feel
you are ill the heart of the counti y.
The houso itself might bo taken as
tho ideal subuiban home, lt was
built and has been furnished 'with
but two objects in view—comfort and
ln tho gallery hung two pictures of
particular inteiest; ono a portrait of
Mrs. Chamberlain by tho late Sir
John Milhus, tho other a portrait of
the Colonial Secretarv, by the famous American artist Sargent.
Tho Highbury library is probably
one of the best collections of foreign books to be found in any private houso in Britain, but it is
rather on his garden than his books
thai Mr. Chamberlain's interest cen-
ties when at home. The grounds are
ideal in this respect; that you can
wander from the exotic orchid houses
into almost uncultivated dells and
hollows. Miss Murrell Morris, in
her "Lifo of the Colonial Secretary," says:
"Though not caring for the manual
labor of gardening, such as potting
and pruning, which many enthusiasts
enjoy, he gonerally likes to superintendent the planting of shrubs, the
laying out of beds, the arrangement
of the houses. He knows much of
plnnts, his knowledge not being re-
stneted to orchids. He hns often
called tho attention of the working
classes to the hobby of crat-douing as
one of the purest, healthiest and
least costly in which n man can indulge An except must of courso,
be made in the case of un orchid collector, whose hobby cannot bo called
inexpensive When Mr Chainb.irlmn
is in London, one of the very few
io.il lecrentions he permits himself
is to visit (often on a Saturday afternoon) the Botanical Gardens at
Kew, where the gardeners aie sine
to show him any addition to or any
curiosity among tlieir ti ensures "
When Mr and Mis. Chamberlain
.■ii.e in London, n choice selection of
roses and other flowers arc sent up
two or three times a week, and
every afternoon two buttonholes
consisting of orchids are dispatched
from Highbury, one for the Colonial
Secretary,/the other for Mr. Austin
When you first step into the oichid
houses, of which thero aro fourteen,
you aio intoxicated by bewildering
viiiieties' of tints and colors Heie
is a blossom so rich and vivid in
color that only tho hand of a mus-
tci would dale attempt to pictuio it
on canvas! Dazzled, vou turn awnv
only to look into a "dying sunset"
growing ncarbv Yet nnothci nvets
youi eye while your brain tells jou
that hero at last you have seen "the
gleam,'the light that never v.as on
sea or land, tho consociation and
the poet's dream." You wander on
along vista after vista of exotic vei-
dure, the very ceiling clothed with
climbing plants This is where the
Colonial Secretary loves to slop and
'■■''■'*;MUST HAVE HIT: THEH. vlly
An editor in Columbus printed an
item that the man who-was hugging
tho hired girl, had better stop or his
name would be published. Next day
25 citizens paid up 1[ their subscriptions and told the editor not to pay
any attention to foolish stories going around.
The    Most   Precious    Thing    in the
World to a Mother—How to
Care for Little Ones.
No prico would bo too great to
pay for tlio preservation of the perfect, rosy, oturdy health of a baby.
No price would bo too great; but, as
a matter of fact, the prico is very
small—simply precaution and the
exercise of good judgment.
It..is-"not good judgment,to givo
tho tender littlo infant 'remedies
containing opiates, and the so-called
"soothing", medicines, always contain opiates; they do not cure, they
only drug and stupefy the little ones.
Baby's Owa Tablets are guaranteed
to contain np opiates and no harmful drugs. It Is tho best nediclne for
littlo ones, because it _• promptly effective and absolutely harmless. For
nervousness, • sleeplessness, constipation; colic, stomach troubles, the irritation accompanying the cutting of
teeth, and other infantile troubles,
Baby'B Own Tablets is beyond question the best medicino in tlie world.
Tho Tablets are sweet and pleasant
to take, and dissolved in water can
be given with absolute safety to the
youngest infant. Mothers, who havo
used this ' medicine for their little
ones, speak of it in tho most enthusiastic terms—that is the best proof
of its efllcacy. Mrs. 'AlonzoFcltmate,
Whitehead, N.S., says : "In my opinion Baby's Own Tablets aro unequalled for children. They take it
readily, and it regulates the bowels,
euros them of peevishness, and is a
gieat helper in teething. I would
not think of being without the Tablets." Sold by druggists or sent
post paid on receipt of prico, 25 cts.
a box, by addressing the Dr. Williams Medicine Co.,  Brockville,  Ont.
Whon we say that some preachers
practice what they preach," it is
meant that thoy rehearse their sermons.
music for mm holidays |
♦♦♦; Our Mr. Hatcher is now in th$ east selecting a stock of pianos and organs for toll-
makes ot organs ana win uo pieasoa to quoto prlcos doliTOrod anj-who.».    .,«„„.«<»
number of good second hand organs aad pianos, in good repair, somo ns good as now,   "t*
at vory low prices,   lour credit ls good with us, uo mutter where you live :   :   :   :   :   V
J. If. C. A. HIk, Portngo Ave,, Winnipeg. Eldrodgo "B" Sowing Machines,  j   •>
•MCte #iwy.
PIECE <- ■      AND'      ...  —
A r&ro ekanea. Ito tfcccpLVn. vo
spralE tiotiiin^ but uo truth \ou c«n
~ct a fill Biai decorated Waacr and Tim
_^_r^r,=I^.l 'V "*;-.,*"-'— 1—..-«..,.« pcason-who sells onlv3 boxen of our hev Life rink ril_. l\
mibmsanilncrronsUiioriltri-aBeiitloluulro-a Brand tonic ladlIXo bolldtrlirtllre".lVe"oSxticr
H25SW?8*ni tM*>yjl*°?«fc<!Mom'c(l 1» cIko DfoDtr and To. Set and « piem ofVUrenrare SSi i
I_nn't Spnit 9 t.Mti S,ri«'»?1>r,»»l'»«!|e'iirni5l>!-,nun._ellUiematC5cei:t(ialioi (Then am our Kiratar
ifHR _L??"Ui.i_!i. "5"' SO0-!'"11""! TlKjraryairioKll. Wlien told acu.l us llie mocey, «aixUnd>SS,irStS
iy_Su^__2L5>,yr_!S,t,K,0'r'!P*w,'.,^_!<1fo evjrrono tatlnB ailT.i.iuce of this adTTIIiemcnt. tho 12 ViJrea. 1 jKSil l*
Tablespoons, 12Tea Spoons and lWplreo deeoralM Dinner a'ullca Set will bo rlrea absolutely (Ke. tr7____V,_3!____!
eoncern and punntooUs dlshos an Jsllrerwaro full tiie for ramllT i„L w_ d™lre to InirWuw «JrSla l_u^_wJh_i__£
kOduduixmvcrUsluslBUilawajr. vuioatono. NEW LIFB REMEDY CO.TBoS ZM^eroBtSoSu
Samples of the hundreds of Testimonial! wo are daily receiving.-
trmv tlft RraxDvco.:—Uaa7 tbanta to you for Ito loTely
fltshc. aud SUreroaro I recvived. tbey aro ^erytun.lsomo,
X be*yon to(_ccep_i_yt-ia_i__i,lw_UdoolllciuiloIntroduce
Miiiard's Liniment Cures Garget in Cows.
The flowers in the garden may be
■dead, bub thero aro. still lots of
blooming idiots.
—Tho-ninn—nho -owns but_one_shirt-
is, necessarily,  short, of change
neighbor's baby is a crying
Minard's Liniment Gores Diphtlieria,
Woman is less suspicious of flattery
than any other animal.
Lois of fellows aie not satisfied
even when thev get theie with both
feel.4 'Ihey kick because they are not
centipedes. .1 <   .
Bewaro. of Ointments for Catarrh
*    That Contain Morcury,
as morcury u ill surely destroy tlio sense of smell
and completely <lur,nigo tho w holo s>stom when
ontcnug it through tho mucous burfaccs. Such
auicloi should noi or bo uicd except on presenp.
tions f ro.n rcputablo pli> qicians, as tho damage
thev \riHdo is tenfold to tho good you caupos-
ibly doriro irom tliem, H.ill's Catarrh Curo,
manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co.,Tolcdo, O,
contains no morcury, aud Is taken intoraally,
acting directly upon tho blood and mucous sur-
fncos of tlio ftj stem. In buying Hall's Catarrh
Cmobosurojougotthogonntno. It li taken
Internally, and mado in Toledo, Ohio, byF, J,
Cheney ds Co.  Testimonials froo.
Bold hy Drairgmtq, prlco 75c. per bottlo,
Hall's Family Pills uro tho bost.
Eve invented temptation,   but men
have monopolized it over since,
So rapidly does lung irritation sprend and
deepen, thnt ofton ln a fow weeks a Blmplo
cough culminates ln tuburcular consumption. Givo hoed toaouueh. thoro isnlnayi
dunifer in do Hy, net u uo'tle of Bioklc'i
Antl-Consumntlvo Syrup nnd curo yourself.
It lu a midlolno uneurpu;sod for all throat
aud lung troubles. It is compounded from
several horbs, each one of which Btands at
tho head of tha list as eicrling a wonderful
Influence ln curing consumption und all
lung dlsoatee.    > , - " ■       - ' >'
Tho seedy looking man Is probably
ready to admit that all flesh is grass.
"People whoi' only believe I half of
whet they hear generally believe the
worst half.'1  '
Life's pleasures are not so numerous that you can afford to snub one.
Did you .'over notice that.lt Is the
girl vvith tho protty foot that has
most trouble keeping her shoo lnces
tied? .  .
Admiration is the daughter of ig-
noiance.—Franklin. '    -
In   groat   attempts   lt is" glorious
even to fall.—Lenglnus.
Tlio one prudence of life is concentration —Emerson."       ' ''
The golden ngo is before us, not bo-
hind .us.—St. Simon.      . , .   ''   , ' _
Levity in behaviour ls thb bane of
all .that -is good and virtuous —Son-
oca! * '''• "   "     V«      ,    '   i  «,  !-,{*„
Better to bo driven out from among
men than to be disliked by children.
Uullcr'ii lempoyirv Succopsor.
Major-General Ilildynrd, CD. (p s
a), who is gazetted for appointment
as Deputy Adjutant at tho War Office, and Mho is now temporarily in
command at Aldershot, began his
career by serving five yenrs in the
navy. Since entering the army he
has seen much service in tho Egyptian campaign, being present at tho
battles of Kassassin and Tcl-el-Ke-
bir. For his .services in the latter
he was mentioned in despatches, M'ns
promoted to a Lieutenant-Colonelcy
nnd received from the Khedive tho
or'ler of the fourth class of the 0&-
mnnieh. Ho entcied the anny on
M.uch 9,1867, n-s nn ensign in the
Highland Light Infalitiy, and heenmc
a full Colonel nineteen ieais laid
In the meantime he lilled the icspon-
sible posts of Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General at the War Oflice, anil a
similar appointment at Aldershot
Ho Mas piomoted Maior-General in
liny, 1S09, while m command of the
third infantry brigade, stationed at
Aldcishot Goiner to South Africa
ns ollicer in command of tho second
brigade of the fust division of the
Army Corps in South Africa under
General Bullcr, he gained distinction,
especially at Estcourt,-during the ai-
duous'ndvance to Ladysmith. lie
comes of old stock, which goes as far
bnck as Robbin of ltoddisdnle, nho
fought for the house of Lancaster in
tho Wars of the Roses.
There never was, and never will bo, I
universal panacea, in ono remedy, for all Iill
to which flesh Is heir—tho very nature oi
many .ctirativcd being such that wero tht
germs of other and differently seated diseases rooted in tho system of tho patient—
what would relieve one ill in turn wonld aggravate the other. We have, however,Tn
Quinine Wine,'when obtainable in a sound,
unadulterated state, a remedy for many and
grievous ills. By its gradual and judicioiu
uso the frailest syatems,'are led into conva-
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Quinine exerts on nature's own: restoratives.
It relieves the drooping spirits of those with
whom a chronio state of-morbid despondency and luck of interest in life is a disease,
and, by tranquilizing the nerves: disposes to
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strengthening; the healthy animal function*
of the system, thereby, making: activity a
necessary reBult,*strengthening.,the frame,
and giving life to the digestive organs, which
naturally demand; increased' substance—r»
suit, improved appetite.-Northrop4Lyman,
of Toronto hnve given to the public theli
■uperlor Quinine Wine at the usual rate, and.
gauged by tho opinion of scientists, this
wine approaches nearest perfection of any In
the market.   All drugglate sell It. '
.,•*"_ iw* Rbmidt Co . Dear Pdcnd i-I receive! my
ahbes to-day, lain xuorotliaudellglited with them, I cunno*
exnrearljy letter my many tlmnlcs to yon for tliem. You aa
tiL-lily es(eeme.l hy mo ror aa honest. Tillable comnany tlji
nlUuoaBlhLyasrco.   UE3.GKKALDBUO.Iy_Leuoc_4.0__l
M'a aro ciYinff amy beer rreTiiiim* th-in ever before for selling
our l-ill_.-—A. I.ad> >. or Cent's Nul.i.1 Match, stem winder aoa
setter; a Solid Gold Kii.h, set with teal | carls and garrets, in
plusli c-tse. Violin and llow, Antoharl); (cn-kc)ed Accorrleont
Lady scr Cent s ten.jcar Rold filled IVatch Gtnrcl: Laf>'s Dress Coods and Shirtwaists.
Boots and shoes. Air KiUcn. Ac. Sini|.l) srndu.your name and address end wc will send
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them at 30 cents per box and send u, our money aud we will scad jou.in\ onu of the abuse
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Our fills are the best remedy In Ihe ,. orld fnr impure blood. II, er and kidney diseases,
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reprcsc ited.   bend your namo at onco and scmru uu ultra Premium.   Mention this rapcr
When a man has a birthday , ho
takes a day off. With a woman it is
often a- case of taking a couple of
years off.
Were it not for the fools m the
world, the wiso guys would havo to
turn their hands to honest labor.
The man who doesn't fail isn't always a success by a long shot.
X\e win to try again and loso ; we
lose to try again for the same thing.
The difference hclwcea men and women who lie is that the women don't
mean to, the men do.
A. slide down lull seems ten times
as swift nnd f.ist when you are on it
ns i\hcn the other follow is.
\\hen women mo going to have -a
club mooting to debate an important
ques-tion their first preparation for it
concerns the lunch asd floral decorations.
At Your
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illoway & Champion
Writo to ns for prices of SCRIP,
Get our List of Lands.
Stocks and Bonds Bought and Sold.
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Lands,, Oo cot pay cash.
WAITED, __eont_i for tho salo of Hardy Rusiian
apples, currant.., gooseberries, ornamental trees
and seed Potatoes. Every salesman has oxclu
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Wo nro ono of tho oldost established firms m
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Toronto, Ont.
N. ILCoialosuo froo.   Farmers can make eood
money during thoir slack season.      P. N Co.
The. one-night stand actors realize
that Iifc_is_btit_a_fleetiiig_show.	
The beauty seen is partly in
who sees it.—Bovee.
A inuidied tons of cat's tails were
recently sold in one lot in _\"e\v York
for ornamenting ladies' wearing apparel. This means that no fewer
than 1,792,000 pussicg had been killed to supply this one consignment,
and yet they say that every cat has
nine lives.
Love's young" dream soon develops
into a nightmare when the young
wife cannot cook.
Ciibonio Derakoementb op mc Stomach,
LrvEB asd Blood are speedi y removed by
tho active principle of tho ingredients entering into the composition of Piirmolee's Vegetable Pills. These pills net sp-citica'ly on
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tho dormant energies of the system, thereby retnovinK diw> iso nnd rcnening lifo an&
vitality to tho nfllicled. In this lies the cre.it
secret of tho popularity of Parmeleo'a Vege-
taMo pills.
If a. man is a   chronic grumbler it
always makes hlni happy to find a
button off his coat when his wife is
There is no law to prevent a woman kissing a pug dog—but just the
same it's a mean advantage to take
of the dog.
Good counsels observed are chains
of Grace.—Fuller.
Good for Bad Teeth
Not Bad for Good Teeth
Sozedbnt        -        •      -•       -      ®5e.
Sozodcmt Tooth Powder     - 25c.
ILarge Liquid and Powder       -   75c.
M-stores or hy mail for tho price.   Samplo for the postage, 30
HE HAS TRIED IT.—Mr. John Anderson. Kiuloss7"wrltes: "I venture to say
tow, if any, hove received greater benefit
from the use of Br. Thomas' Eolottrio OU
than I have. I have used it regularly for
aver ten year^ and have recommended it
to all sufferers I knew of, and they also
found it of great vlrtuo in oases of seven
bronchitis and Incipient consumption."
Jinny a mail who trica to be a rascal finds ho is only capable of being
a fool. 1
Minari's-Lluimeut-Ciires-Golds, Etc.
A man has a right to express his
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the use.
An Irishman says thei e is no blessing like health, especially when you
are sick.
Minard's Liniment Cnres Distemper.
When a widow makes up hor miad
to marry again sho selects tho man
and then proceeds to find out what
ho likes best to cat.
Somo people aro prepared for   nay
emergency—except twins.
i'BK BE8T PILLS.-Mr. Wm. Van**.
ourt,Sydney Oroealng,Ont..write* 1 "Wo
h.-,Tu hctti nsina Farmelee's Pills, and find
»hem hy far the best pills we ever used."
noss Uu**-pills act like a churn.. Taken in
BmaJl doset, tho effect is both a tonio and a
stimulant. tj>\'dly oicitmcr tho secretions of
tho body a'rtng tono and vigor, >
Whon   you   meet   a   man    with a
scheme, proceed to get in a hurry.
Office and Safe Deposit Vaults
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Correspondence solicited.
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.W. N. U. No. 353. THE INDEf ENDENT.  BAflTtntDAY tTANUARY 18. 1902  Inventory Shoe Sale  Wo are going to lake inventory on January 13th, and  we have too many shoes and for the next ten days wo will  clear out all broken lines at one-third to one-half below  their value.  Don't miss this opportunity.  9 420-422 Westminster Ave  \i   JUL ���*&  Knowdell & Hodgson  512 Granville St., Vancouver.  pearey, Watson, Morton, as veil as  others, for their untli-lns services in  the cius-e. I have been a ineiuber of  the old 'nationalist association which  biousht out Uolu. Jl.icphcrson. and was  _.ucei.-,sful In his et.cllon. The Labor  p.irty should follow our example, suvl  If'they do 1 "111 become a member unci  lu'lp on the Kood work. WI.��hli-,K The  Imhpeipli'iit and I.nbor party every  siu-eoss. 1 lemaln. J. SIMPSON.  \*,uuOliver, Jan.  W,   \'.<02.  KE\YS OFTBE UBORWORLD  Pt'iilers in  Stoves, Kiingcs. Tinware,  (iinuitenarf, ���utkr>' and  (ii'M-ral  2S  Prices right. Call ami sec for yourselves.  MAIL ORDERS receive prompt attention.  UTTERS TO THE EDITOR.  FiairEHMRN'S TROUBLES.  To tlie Editor of Tin: I.ndki'I.mjknt:  Sir,���The many renders ol' your up-  to-date iiniiper, .with .perhaps ono or two  mccopllons, will say; HO apology [a  tueeussary lor asaM referring la __t_<S  j-rtllins out ot the local militia to Sle*  -reston during Uie JlBliermen's lawful  strike in MOO. 1 s.iy lawful advisedly,  lieeaiii-e neither tihe iperson or .properly  mt any canneryninn or citizen was injured or tlii-ealeiicil Iby union _is-|ier-  ���roen. Although lihe public- have de-  Kjtanded smlisCactivn nnd punishment ot  tllic ipart'ies who sanctioned ami ��v a  xeaTom-iule for the, to xiiy the least ot*  af, coivaii'dly, unp.ttiiutic nut, no s.tlis-  I'liiftion ihas >et 'been viven the public.  ffttPllTOr than She words- of a i-cu.iln  influential ill. P., who denounced the  ratling out of the militia on this occasion us a most ignoble act. But word-.  tuily are cheap sooils when something  more substantial .is ilenianded. To dls-  juiss .Ci-um 'public service men who  would pro-ititiitc itiholr ofllcl.il position  \\, further the hnibaroun schemes of  ���tHflill-.ilKt.s is j.s llfclu n punishment*!*'  -M* injured public, can expect of lis  RrtVCmmiMit. Xo nin Iter how .much the  fnHlueiK-u ol' intei-psted i.i'pitalists may  toe -wiho .ivonk hand In glow with tlielr  ���uriUimg looW an'd s'jol. to keep them In  government positions Cor their own  twoeflt. wlien occasion Muds rhe position u-seful. Poi hiiips. I could lirlns  ��iia cowautly outrage r.'st.unsl Cnti-i-  dinn wfliite labor home to youi- rcadeis  treLter by UlusUiition, not elr.ui.ri.is  tfiu.ts, lunvever. but names only. Sup-  gioae our worthy M. P. P., Jit. Kidd,  ���was a .fisherman on the Waser i-lvr  sit the time oi the strike, and ihis son  an the militia. "We can easily fancy  Suw Mr. Kidd would regard those in  authority who sanctioned the ciilloig  out ot the militia with "shoot to kill"  orders. Would it Ibe natural for n son  lo shoot his ifa.ther or a rather to  ifltoot his son, or brother to shoot  lMxrther, or friend to shoot iriend.'  Would it not have ."been moie likely  rand natural, If a scrap had occurred,  that tlhe ityrants, who were .responsible  Cor bringing men together under such  <aroumstanees, would 'be Uhe .first lo  torn up their toes on the Steveston  Sidewalks. In view of ithe ibloodcurd-  liirg reports sent from Steveston to  Vancouver by professional liars that  muivler and ibloodsjhed waa of daily oc-  Cttnrence: that the village was full of  �����i0l>os-from-the-American_a!de:_th_il_  the life and property ot citizens were  tn danger, and all sorts of sensational  Hies known to that class of people to  flecelrve, and did deceive, the militiamen. So while we may condemn th��  actions of the government and Its  agents nnd all others who did assent  to thus unnecessarily calling out the  miJltlu, with all its crushing effect on  Canafdian sentiment, we must say In  Justice to the militiamen, and their  offlcera that ln view or the nliii-inlng  raportH from .Steveston that all ilionor  and praise ls due them for so quickly  ��nd nobly responding to the 'bugle call  nl the midnight Ihour. nnd one thought  _>n_y could be .uppermost In their minds  and that victory or death. Thu excellent behaviour of the men while on  duty here proves to us the good loyalty.  of the Canadian mllltla ia now as ever  ���untainted, and much ns cnipltnllsts and  their tools may desire ilt iMvey shall  novel- see the Canadian mllltla sihoot at  Uhe bread-winners of Canadian children.  There Is just one Item I may men-  lion iin connection with this last sei-  non'a .pack of salmon on the Praa^r  .river,  which  is something over nine  4nuulred thousand cases, and " at the  1 J  least .calculation Ohinanieu got ilCty  cents a 'case on the pack, or the sum  of l'our 'hundred and fifty thousand  dollars is put into tlhe pockets of Chinamen, and practically .put out of circulation, so fur ns white hubor is concerned, and by vlilue of a contract  and agreement ibotweeii (_liitiairn.il and  canerynfen not one dollar can go io  white lalbor, <ml> by .paying yeeond  fiddle to Chinamen. Jap itishermeii  iprobailily get as much moie, so thnt  the amount paid directly to white labor is a mere 'bagatelle when you om  out the- princely salaries paid to high  s-cheining otliciuls who have nothing  moie important to do .Hum sign a  eheoue 'i'or their oivn .salary, an'd see'  thnl.the eanneiy Is wejl sii-'*!!!e(?. '?'_���.!'.  (Jhina.men. and a. disgustingly large  prnpoitlon ut" .laps in ithe lishing boats  and jjaner.il all-iound wire-pulling with  politicians, and to hatch llie wham-"*  that months ot* idleness will produce,  and witli .the j-ame result. As we see  it the whole 'canning industry as conducted on Uhe Fi-.u-er river is a very  mi'iiiiee to t!he ippaoe ot" this .province,  ll has ceauscd two strikes already, and  a thiul 'is in-sight. Oanneis who will  form themselves Into an .association,  defy all action of t'he toiling white  jnosses if contrary to their selfish Interest1!, and we are told the 'legislature  as well. W'hile we 'hear of many hard  up white working men. we hear of our  Chinese salmon packer contractor, who.  last year, cleared thirty thousand Mol-  l.u-s. and is now- 'In control of Fraser  liver canneries, _Men and women, leaj-  ei-x of The In'dependent, 'how long will  >'>u 'remain inactive, wihile your sons  and daughters, 'brothers and sisters and  friends are'being crowded out of eveiy  in'd'iistr'y in this fair province, and  Asiatics 'fill their positions m ibhis our  Canada. Mir. ISditor. I 1'hought only to  w rite of it'hcJ sti-i'ke and calling out of  the militia when 1 began this letter,  but as many associate evils keep staring one dn the 'face and cry out, is  there no remedy? Are our legislators  ���hopelessly .under 'the Influence ot capitalists: who gi-aib nil they can hold,  t'hen tell t'he working people to go lo  h���; such are some modern capitalists.  If, .Mr. Editor, you will let me quote  a few- lines from' a white fisherman  sympathizer, I will at leasl ibegin an'd  end ithis letter with t'he subjeot first  thought of:  All respect to the men who took part  in the strike. '  How noble .the cause for which they  did 'fight!  A fair price for salmon they sought .to  obtain.  And control of our riches with Canadians  remain.  The cannerymen have    no loyalty to  spare;  'So for degraded cheap 'labor Wiey 'hunt  everywhere.  Japan and China's citizens they gladly  ifnvor,  Bui.turn the cold Shoulder do Cunadl.in  white Ha'bor.  ���WORKMAN.  Steveston, Jan. 14., 11)02.  of  TUB 'UA'BOn PARTY.  To Ilia Editor uf The iNDKi'BNnKMT,  Sir,���It must 'he a great source  gratification ito tlhe Lmhor party ito at  hiMt realize that 'It Is ia factor In this  province. I remember well how earnest and sincere, 'how .faithful and energetic, those whom We considered to  be our leaders worked ijt .the last provincial! elections to return the independent 'candidates, Messrs. Williams and  ���Dixon. We then polled a very credlt-  -able vote .under the elrcumsrtanojs.  Besides yourself, Mr. Editor, the  tflianka of the iworklngimen of this city  ate due to Messrs.   "Williams, Dixon,  Canadian.  Tlu- Mercotype'i's: of .Winnipeg have  organized.  Hamilton got one labor candidate In  for aldeimtin.  Steps aro being taken to organize a  co-operative .society In. Winnipeg.  ���The lalbor iparty of Kingston we'-e  not successful in electing any of tili0lr  CklldllUltC-S.    ���  F. Archibald and E. Olios halve been  elected president and secretary of the  Plumbers' union of Winnipeg.  AViHiam Scott, president of the Winnipeg Labor iparty for four years, has  retired. ..Mi'. Scott 'has done yoeiuan  service and is entitled to a well-earned lest. l  The Winnipeg .hranch of the Letter  Carriers' association has uiemoralizeil  ���t'he 'postmastc-r-general on that little  matter ol 20 per cent. Increase, the substance of which was promised hist year.  The Winnipeg Trades Council voted  J2il towards the expense of attempting  once more to .put the Union Label .1)111  tlhmugih the ihouse of commons! and s-eu-  (tte. Typographical Union, No. Ill, ot  Toronto, also voted $10 toward ,the  same end on Saturday night ltuu.  The Toronto .Bartenders' union is  now an accomplished fact, and the  union man will be .known 'by the hut-  ton wihlch he may, by the rules of the  union, .wear in a prominent place.  There are over 400 of the whlte-aproned  men .in Toronto. Harry Pinch has  been chosen .president, a.nd Arthur  T-Ooney recording secretary.  ���Last .Sunday t'he regular monthly  meeting of Greenwood Typographical  L'nion, No. 33S, was 'held at Phoenix,  members coming uip the hill from  Grand Porks and Greenwood to attend. The jurisdiction ot ithe union Is  Uie entire Boundary country. In con-  necticii'Wit'h the monthly business meeting the first annual banquet 'Was'held  at ithe Dominion house. President Mc-  Iiiuyi-e, ot the Grand Forks News, presided, and the usual toasts weie pio-  posed! and responded to. 'Mine host  Gillis Set out il mOst attractive menu,  to whlcli full justice was done by tho  typographical exports.  The Winnipeg Laboivparty has en-  dors-ed ihe action of the ��� 'Rossland  Trades and Labor council in urging  kindred organizations and working men  generally to refrain from patronizing  the various nininiifiietiiring and iiuaneial isliiu'tions controlled by the flood-  erhum syndicate���on acqount of their  oppressive treatment and antagonistic  attitude to union hubor. The principal  concerns Indicated are as , follows:  Coodei'hani & Worts (distillers) and  their 'products, the 'Manufacturers' Life  Insurance Company, ot" Toronto, of  which Ml'. George Gooderham is ipresl-  ident, and Wie Bank of Toronto.  The Cariboo Freighters' Protective  association have elected the following  officers 'for the ensuing year: President. H. P. Lewis; vice-.president. AV.  11. 'Smith: secretary, Stuart Henderson;  treasurer, D. IM'Unphy; committee, D.  Spratt, G. Couvrette, A. 'Switzer, J.  Skinner, E. Dougherty and Al. Focnult.  The following motions were also carried iby them: 1. If teams refuse to  load iin their turn they must go Ibehlnd  those already 'In, unless there Is sufll-  "clent_reason_ffiven-lu-the-satlsf action  of .Wie committee for such .refusal. 2.  That freight shall not be hauled by  union freighters for anyone not iimem-  'ber ot the union to help him out with  sleigh loads.  The executive of the Rossland 'Minors' union have .protested against his  report irs unfair to the miners of Rrlt-  lsh Columibla, as .Deputy 'Minister King  liy his reliance upon the Information  evidently furnished him from sources  unfriendly to the 'labor organizations  has been led to make statements absolutely 'untrue ln i-egnrd to tlio strike  situation .In Rossland. The lettir,  whioh 'Is addresed to Hon. Mr. 'Mulock,  also says that Mr. King Ignores the  question of aliens entirely In his report  iu th�� La'bor Gazette. He Is particular  to express every minor detail of the  Bltuatlon given him iby the mine managers, but neglect"* to state that the  managers openly told him they could  iflll the mines with Americans and  evade the alien labor act. Had the  department fulfilled ,Mr. King's .promises and enforodd this 'law 'the strike  would tiave ended at once..  WHAT DO TOU THINK? ���  AVe .have received from Rev. Chas.  Stelzle, of Martoham' Memorial Presbyterian church, St. Louis, Mo., the  letter and questions which appear b_-  low, They are'Printed'in full, so ithat  our readers who are Interested (Mil  forward replies to St. Louis If they  wiwh:  "My 'Dear Sir,���'About a year ago I  sent letters to about 200 labor leaders,  usiklng them lo.give me the benefit of  their observations concerning the relation of ithe 'wortalngman toward the  (ihui'i'h. The aiisivera received were  published In tlhe form of a composite  letter In un eastern magazine, and  served us ~,i ibasls of a series ot addresses, iwilih'h iHtiacted wide attention  throughout the country.  "The 'workliigman's attitude toward  the church was made clearer, and, I  am sure, the whole matter created a  more sympathetic feeling toward ithe  wonklhgman among thinking .people.  As ji former machinist and a preacher  wilh the interests of the workingman  nt Iheart, this n'esult was gratifying to  the writer.  "lt was slated almost unanimously  by those wfho wrote io me. that the  church, as at present constituted, does  not appeal to the 'workinsman. I haive  ibeen prompted to .send out the enclosed  series of questions, ihoping to 'And out.  if possible, just what knul of an organization would appeal to thei best  instincts of the average wonklngman.  "I sincerely hope that tihe 'response  to .this letter ���will 'be ivs cordial as that  wh'ioh followed t'he one sent out last  year. "Will you kindly help me In this  matter? Your replies will 'be considered confidential. Fraternally yours,  "OH'ARLES .STELZLP.."  1. Do jou think that a church ram-  aged exclusively by woilkingmen and  ���for workingmen would attract this  olass of toilers? If not, please stute  ���the reason.  2. What 'kind of ia society, ln your  opinion, .would accomplish ihe things  for whlcli the church is supposed to  stand ? ,  tl. Please outline a crcd or a system of belief, I'or the guidance of wncn  a society, covering, ns nearly as possible,  the  following  points:  (a) Its relation 'toward God.  Ob) The relation of its members one  toward 'another.  (e) The ielation of the society to the  ���world.  ft************************  YOU'LL NEED HEAT  Before long iioav.   The best heaters made  the cheapest to buy and tho most eeo- j��  >mical to use are the v"  nomic  59   AIR-TIGHTS AND  BASE   BURNERS.  made by the McClUry Mfg. Oo.  ��� ���  ���  SOLE AGEST  126 Hastings St. ��  A  McLennan, McFeely & Co.  ���WHOIiESAliB AND  KETAIIJ DBAUSRS  IN  mm** Hardware  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVB PROMPT AnrHEJNITION.  'Our Big January Clearance Sale of Suits and Overcoats must  prove most Interesting to all.  If, you 'have ilieen coiit?,i_.platIng the purchase of a new Suit or  Overcoat, you are lucky lndsed to have put 'It off until nOw.  Even If you hod not thought It necessary���just yet���It will certainly ipay you to avail yourself ot our splendid offer.  Suits that were $8.50 to $21.50, sale price $6.50 to $15.50  Overcoats that were $8.50 to $18.50, sale price $6.50 to $12.50  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ��> CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? t1ast!n��s St., OM.. Wm. Rash's.  !_���  AS TO SOCl.VUSM.  Your "class conscious" revolutionary  lia.bblo means .sectarianism, impotent,  peisonal jealousies of little lcalders,  small meetings on street corners and a  great deal of hatred. OLherwis-e .no re-  nults. Our Bernsteinlsm and our 'Ipalli-  utlvcs" mean constant fight in the  unions, -in the wards, in the municipalities, in the leglsliitmcs, in smort every-  wheie, and every time. XVe do not expect the imlllenlum in .three months or  in three years, ibut we are willing to  light tor socialism and socialistic measures and Improve the condition of tlhe  masses at all times, no matter lio.v  long it Wilkes an'd how little we accomplish at .a single time. .Many other socialist ipapers givo a hearty amen io  these ideas. What is culled by many  ."scientific socialism" is only one.phase  or the great world movement, which  sooner or later will lift 'tlhe whole human race onto a higher level. Nor is  it neeessiiiiy that one should 'be class  conscious in order to ibe a good worker  in t'hds gi\aut movement wlhich takes in  memibers from all classes, .welcomes all  wiho will come and rejects none who are  ready to 'help.���Bui-ley Co-operator.  The Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled goodB are  all first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  AdvefOae in The Independent.  When you want to hire a flrst-olasa  hor��e_and_busgy,   go  to  the  Palace  livery (tables. Telephone 126.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Drink Bed Cross Beer, the beer that's  pure, 75c pints, $1.50 do/., quarts, tiold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��> CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and1 Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  t[J��ir Headquarters for Domestic and Imported , Ci^ar* and Smoking Sundries.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore falling appetite nnd  cor-rec* any kind ot stomach trouble.  50 c. box.   McDowell, Atkins, "Watson  Co. *  We are now in our new store  409 Hastings Street (next  to Oben's) with a full line  of  CROCKERY.  (ILASSWAEE.  ClttANITEWAUB.  TINWARE,  LAMPS,  STOVES AND  OENEHAIv HOVSK  I'UHNISH INl'.W.  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  CI10CKEIIV  AM) I1IIC-K I I HNISIIIM,-.  Telephone. '1-1-5. lO'i IPimIiik* Mn'i'l  Wishing the  Citizens of Vancouver  a Prosperous  New Year_^��-  ���������������������  <>  o  o  o  <>  <>  il  II  o  <>  <l  <'  II  <>  <>  *t  o  ��������������������������<> ��������������������  ���we again want it known that < >  we are still doing biisinets at the <.  old stand and invite you to make i i  us a call. 'it  Get prices, note quality and lie <,  happy for 11)02. 11  FORD'S GROCERY  Tel. ?28.' 25 Hastings St. E.  ��AV��Y  THEATRE  jrcDoNr.i.L ,t SiMi'.ox .'Proprietor!..  Ai.P. P. JAMES St��K0 Malinger.  Week Commencing  Monday, Next  Artistic and Refined Vaudeville.  EVERY ACT A FEATURE.  Tbe BdmoraP  o  o  . MAKES A dPRCIALTY 0* . .  Dewor's special Liqueur, also -..  usher's Black Label Liqueur vrmsicK -  ���LARGE STOCK OF���  IMPORTED AN'D DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props..  Cobweb Cordova and Cakball.  ������������������������������������*  % :   GEO. HAY   : %..  Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes  Renovator, makes a suit new.  X Dyeing end Repairing. X.  Jk. 216 Cambie St., Vancouver.        a^ ,  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of Californin, SOc boi'.le, ut Gold  Beul Liquor Co., 740 I'endur streot.  0. Ellis, corner Cnlnbio and Cordova streets, in tho pluec you enn get  your hair cut in un urtistiu manner.  Ibe Mint  Is    the  new    saloon   nt   the   corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets.   Case  goods are the best, and the prices O. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  PAKIS GREEN, HEli/BBORE  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the COT WORM, and  other lriBeote���for eate by the McDowell, Atkins, Waitson Oompany, The  Drusfftete, VancouTW.  IC  Works  Bmfrorfers and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783  SOLE AGENTS.  Pioneer  Stands  for all.  fe best in  for all.tbat  Work  A trial will  brave it.  Phone 346.  PRONEER  PnoNK 346. 910 - 014 Richards St  Downtown -Omen,' No. 4 Akcadk.  WHITE  HELP ONLY.  For tbo next 80 daya you can get a nult at.  your own 'price at  THE. ACME  To Introduce our new lyttera ol talUirts *���-  1 fore our Fall Stock aiilrca,  ZtGeorgl^St*. . C.UIMiM4. bitten-.  i  >n  ���r^-Ji       ���.


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