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The Independent Feb 8, 1902

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 legislative Vbfy Mar. MtOl  ^B�� ROYAL RANK OF CANADA  &AVINOS BANK  A   General   Banking*   Business  Transacted.  ,     OFFICES���Hastings   St.   XV.,  "Westminster Ave., Vancouver,  VOL. 4.  TRADES M'D LABOR COWL  The Trades nnd Labor council held  lis regular session <on Thursday night.  dVesldent Lam rick presided and  Secretary Cross was In his place.   There  - *vas a. good atendance of delegates.  CREDENTIALS.  Machinists���G. Skifllngton, J. C. Ar-  tiell and S. B. Bosslstow.  United Brotherhood Carjieiitcrs and  Joiners���Messrs. Sinclair, Dobbin and  aiacpherBon.  Stevedores Association-^?. Tltcotrtb.  Street Unllwuy Employees���H. A.  OIuDonold, Olias. Bennett, HOb*. Brunt,  J. -C. Barton, John Pearey.  Postal Employees���J. Clark.  ��Iron  Moldere���Chas.  Brcuchley  and  -Hugh On-.  .-Tallora���F. AVllllums, XV. IV. Toomb-.,  John Fraser.   ,   ,  JJoIegates  wei-e obligated, and toon  liheir seats. .  COMMUNICATIONS.   -  Front' Hon. 'Mr. iMulook, replying to a  ' letter requesting an Inciease of salary  for letter carriers and otbm- employees.  , Tbe subjuot  was  receiving due  con-  csldemtion. Filed.  lYom Toronto    Trades . and  Labor  Council, enclosing a copy^of ia memot--  - iul to the' Dominion Government, protesting against its immigration 'policy.  Jteferred to Parliamentary committee.  Strain Barkers' union, asking enilor-  tsatkm. of. a petition to .the- city caun-  ' *.���!! Sor a. by-law to be .passed conipel-  *lin!g barber shops to close at eight  * o'riock each night, excepting nights  1��efore legal holidays, when the hour  <sliall Ix" 10, except Saturday nights.  JSndonsed.  3*om  the local Barbers' union, forwarding copy of propcbed act und pa-  t'ition   to  loc.il  legislature 'to reguUtu  Uie praotloe of ibarberlng.   Endowed.  ���   iFrom tlie Guelph Trades and Labor  ' council,   ailking    the    co-operation   of  Vain-ou/ver In petitioning the Hon. Mr.  Blair, minister of railways; to oppose  tlie leasing  or selling of. the Intercolonial   railway    as   suggested   by   the  *   "Halifax Board of Trade. . Referred to  l'.iilllamentary   committee.  Fiom the Berlin broomnmkers re patronising union label broointi In prefer-  i_nce to prison-made goods. Referred to  l'diriioimentary committee.  ; .  From Metal Polishers' union of Day-  Ion, Ohio, calling attention to the fact'  Chat 'the striike was still on with the  National Cash Register .company's factory; that the cash registers manuf.ic-  -���lured by'this firm were .cm the boycott  ll*t , Sent to the unions.'  ���From Thos. F. MoGulgan, city clerk,  acknowledging receipt of communlca'-  tlon re, False Creek 'flats.   Filled.  JFrom International Brotherhood of  _SL��.tlonary Fli-cmen of'Chlcago, asking  Utiat steps be taken to torm a union.  - Iteferred to Organization committee.  From Plumbers' union re financial  matters. Referred to ��� financial seerc-  lUry.  COMMITTEES.  Parliamentary  committee  wlK  meet  next  Wednesday 'mlgiht   'Delegate   J.  Eraser was   appointed   vice   Delegate  lUiHUps, resigned.   >  The Organization committee reported  that the laundry wonkera had fonneil  a union.  . The Municipal committee roporled at  length. The new city council was not  tirach Improvement over the old one  so far as labor was concerned', especially was tlh'ls so wltih three or four  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATUKDAY, i EBKUABY 8, 1902.  6. 0. FERMAAWf LOAN AND  SAVINGS CO.  Authorised Ciiiiltal   -   JlO.OC.fflO  bubscrllied Capital   -   -    l.OOU.UOO  Absent over    -    -    -    ���      suu.OOJ  Head Offico 321 Curable (Street, Vancouver, II. U.  Hictlllon to Ube government was drawn  by tnib comji'.J-ttee, stipulating certain  cond'.lonsi.   One waa thait the said flats  must not be Hold by the city, but leased  on terms not to exceed 40 years.   Mr.  Maxwell won met and thla Important  IK>Iret was pointed out to hint,   Furtier-  more these water lands were to be controlled by a board of commissioners���  slmilcr to the board at Montreal���made  up of  representatives fiom tlho three  'bodies that first took (he matter up.  Tne council was aware of the action  ot im alderman to give Uie company  the 100 acred.   Mr. Pearey was opposed to the giving away of ono inch of  these tidal Hats,  but favored  leasing  them.   He estimated that tlie revenue  ft am leases would In time entirely wipe  out  the whole of the  civic taxation.  Exorbitant conditions   would not   be  exacted from lessees, and 40 yean were  plenty loi* enough for any lease to  run.   When the (petition to the Dominion  government -wus  under consideration, lt was thougttit advisable, too, to  aSk the- provincial government to deed  over its claim it it had any to the city,  the same as waa asked of tihe Federal  government.  -K the flats were disposed  of we would still be in t'he same (position as ue are now���thait Is, we would  lie without any water .frontage privileges, .the C. P. R. having got all there  Is 'now.    ThLs vuluable property mutt  not be sold to any man or corporation.  In answer  to a question Mr. Mac-'  phorson    stated   that  the    provincial  legislature hud i-assed  an  act  giving  the government power to pass an or-  der-ln-council deeding the land over to  the oity. -The reason *tlhe city wanted  this done was to prevent any possibility of a flaw suit arising over the transfer of tbe Hats by the dominion government to ithe city.  THE FISIIHRIMBN'S FUND.  The sautement of receipts and expenditures ln connection with the fishermen's defence fund was lead.   The re-  ooLpts were $835.65, wWdh had been all  spent but $lti.7S.   A few items were yet  to be ipaid.   .  RESOLUTION OF CONDOLENCE.  Following  resolution ' of condolence  wus' passed:1, ���   ' .      ,.      ,  Whereas���Wc learn of the death,  which sad,, dvent took place om Monday, of 'Mr. Joluik Browne, highly  esteaimed as an 'honoat-d citizen of this  oity, and ithe beiloved father of our fellow .delegate, Bro. John H. Browsie.  Resolved���That this council tuke this  opportunity to express to our bereaved  brother its sincere and heartfelt sym-,  paUby in his irrepajiuble loss.  IN* CfENERAL. ,  '  The executive bouid on motion was  liu>ti'Ut ted to bring in a statement on  the m.uttor of the interest i-.ow duo ti  the shueholders of the hull.  After passing the usual accounts ttn-l  endorsing 'the statement of-the counrii  aa presented to the iflsheries commission by the committee, the council tei-  jnlnated   Its veiy  lengWiy procteJlngs.  NO 20  WILSON AM LOWti S1K  Considering tho umfovorable weather  and short notice the public meeting in  Union hall on Monday night was well  attended. Mr. Wilson and Mr. Lowe,  president and vice-president respectively of the Brotherhood of Railway  Trackmen of America, received a vory  hearty reception.  President Lamricflc of the Tirades and  Lalbor council was voted to the chol<-,  and tilled dhnit position very satisfactorily to those present. .  * James F. Garden, >M. P. P., being  present, was colled. He said he came  to listen and not to spealk. He was  glad that the tradkmen went through  their trouble last summer so succecss-  fuliy. He was in cympathy with, unionism. Wore members true to 'their  unions, and he thought they were,' tliey  of  the aldermen.    The  eouncll   badly  needed tflxSng.    The   [proposed   wat?r  (frontage by-law was exi.  new library board hod no labor repre-  eoratattve on lt   Aid. 'Betftiune's notice  ' to tunend charter doing away with the  udaxy  of  aldermen   was.  noted.    Tho  ���extentton of time to make_.the deposit  of $26,000, allowed the Stave Lake Powei1  company, wus commented on.   The petition uf the Trades Council1 re False  Crook lints und the German iband i>rtvi-  li'gos were touched upon.   Aid. Conk'-  ]ii'MpnuItlon for coiiunlHHlonci's lu nw'-n-  affe.civic affairs and the new hospital  4wtird wero explained.   The grunting of  the contract for bread to J. Dodson, ,t  non-uulon concern, was noted.   He will  Clve H�� loaves fin* the dollar, the un-  ���nicccoHful tenderers ibut 'iS.   On motion  tll��e municipal .roport wns received and  /the Parliamentary committee were In-  Alnucted to go into the hospital boar-1  _inil water frontage by-law questions.  l>elogate  Penrcy  diew  attention  to  Uhe fiict thnt the proposition for the  <;!ly  to acquit�� !the F(*.lso"Creek7 flats  tvas lli-Bt mooted by the trades counrii. when tlhtte of a committee were  ���appointed.   The boa-rd of trade'and.th-s  .-*ity council eodh appointed thTej.'.'.Tha  CIOAiltMAKl'lltS'   UNION.  i  The Cigarmalkerb' union dield a meeting on Tuesday, 4tUi inst.   President C.  Crowder ln thcchalr; with 17-|iieniber_i  present.   The mdnutes of the last meeting wei-c  read and adapted.    Reports  of officers ware rend and adopted.  Flive  ti'siMelllng mvemtoerM �� eiv' admitted oy  curds.   A grievance committee of Mureo  wus   appointed,    consisting   of T. .1.  ���Meyer,  P.  R.  Revero    nnd H.  Miller!  The label conunUtw are J. C. Penscr,  Lr=WilkIe-u��id T.~Thoinus,_Jr.���A~coin-  tituivlcaition frfoiu  the .s.taitloTWiry firemen of Chicago, 'aslklne for InformaiHon  In regard to forming a local union here.  This was' referred  to  t'he Trades i and  Labor council.   The t-ucrclury was Instructed ito ol,t.iln' a supply of stationery 'to bo printed iln tlie city by a urtlon  linn.    Tilie iiic��1(hk then closed In du:  form.  AT VAN ANDA.  The inlpc-is of Van Andu. II. C hoUi  a hull nnd Mupiwr <��n Tui'cd.iy fvoiiing,  tin* 11 tli Inst. It.promises to 'be a big  nltiilr. Union No.'ll;i will ct'lelvnUe It'  niinlvt'i-sary on Wie IBtli, Its meinbtr-  nhlp roll ciu-rtes uboii-t ifitl mpiitters  Theie are also'about U*> ui;ipllciints foi  nii'iiibciwhiii. Tli Id proKi'Mhlve orgaul-  xii I Ion bus imlil <iut during the past  y��-<r over tSVO In Knint-i and s.rtc and  tu: ���>i-jI UtnrtltK. ���    ���  ���  CENTRAL CONGREOAI'IONAL. ,  "Mnicfdne Ptdltlcs and Applied Olmlii-  .tlamtty:'>is, Mr. Vrooman's aubjeot" at  the Central- Congregational church  Homer ctrcet.' om Simdny crcnlng next  Ei'.-ryone welwnv. men r-sjieclullv. ,J_ *  Following' /s'*a' voiittnuatlon of thiu tiolo las I "week:"' . -' I  would unquestionably In time - obtain  their rights.' He wished them success.  Hugh bilmour, M. P. P., was tlaken  by eunprlse, qb he came here om the  same lines as Mr. Garden. He- had  woiOced as ,an old railroad hand the  same as Mr. lWlson. Mr. Wilson had  taken 'a great interest in his fellow-  employees. The brotherhoods of engineers, firemen ond conductors were not  the only railway organizations, as the  tradkmen had demonstrated quite forcibly last summer that they too were  a body that must be reckoned witli by  itihe company. He did not advocate  the strike, but sometimes lt was necessary. Everything should be done in  the power ,of unions to obtain settlements on peacealble terms. The lart  thing to resort to was the strike. He  was pleased to be .present.  T. J. Coughlau, of the trainmen, iwas  usked to speak. He was somewhat different from the (previous speakers, as  he hod noiiked with Mr. Wiilson on  committees, and he found him to be  a good union man from the ground up.  "I iknow this," said Mr. Cougihlan, "by  the fire he went through so successful lint Montreal -last year." Tho way  things had ibeen conducted through tho  troublous times of last -summer wiis*  am honor to the woilklngmien of Canada, especlallly tlie trackmen. "Every  man was restored to his position, aind  great credit for Oils fact wns due to  Bro. "Wilson and Bro. Lowe.  Mir.   Wilson was received    with an-  plaus'e.    "It does me good   to nppe u-  here to-night," said he,  "and IlPt riy  voice  In Bhe cause of labor."    Labor  does 1t all.    iNot  many centuries' ago  workingmen -who com/blned were considered criminals.' aind  outlaws.    But  now the tide of   public   opinion wa.s  turning.    All  ltubar  that 1s  useful   is  honorable.  -Workmen    may    degiaiL-  themselves,  but an honorable occupation never degrades any man, let the  position be ever so huinlble.  The people  of the country were beginning to get  their oyes open to this fact, as witness  how tlie trackmen came out of ithe.1-  strike last summer with colors flying.  This could not have been without the  sympathies of the good people- of Canada.   Mr. Wilson eald that the traok-  tnlen -were not boosting because  tliey  won. v They realized how complicated  and vailed   was thifl ���great Industrial  system, and also knew that unless they  hind a thoroughly organized union as  well as the co-operation and nsslstanc-.'  of'other bodies theirs' would Wave been  a lost cause.    It had never been  the  policy_Qf_the-epeaker-to appeal-to-tho  prejudices of men In order to win a  rlglhiL    LoBt yeair the fight was liuule  on honorable lines.   And on similar eir-  oumstances they would fl^t again. A  great number said thnt labor organizations could  never be" made to  stick,  because their memlbers so widely differed In opinions.    Hume we a slnglo  government, a churOh or uiry other ih-  s tit union wltih meirfbena who'did   not  'differ.   It was natural to.difrer.', Pj-o-  duivis  should  have  a Just share  of  their productions. Capital was the i-hllil  of labor.   Then wus It right that labor  should get down on Its knees to rnpltnr.'  To strike for lalbor'* rights wns a sor-  Iouh thing, and entailed vory gre.it ios��  on both Hides.  The speaker pointed out  unnecessary dangers resulting   tlioiv-  firom In operating railways.    Tyi-mnl-  cail managers sometimes refuhed kvcii  to italk to representative* of emplo>e>s  and acted os If they were monarch" of  all they surveyed.   He had ofTcired ht.  servlces last summer to hetp settle differences.   They were refused.   His correspondence was  not even answered.  These .ofltalaila, < personally, no   doubt  were good nvsn, but tliey didn't nenllz*  whi't it'lley wene'up against   The iniin-  ager told a reporter of a certain paper  ���that  If  the  maintenancc-af-way men  thought   tliat   they   were able ti> g-.-t  their rights by striking dt was nonsense;  that their occupation was one  Chat did not require any skill and did  not toke long    to learn.     The    boy.*,  however, went out on strike and stall  out till  they got what  they  wanted.  Take a truln of cars, for Instance, and  leaive it on the prairie.   The engineer  and conductor in attempting to run It  would Indeed be small fry .were It not  for the \iork of the trackmen.   All men  engaged on the road-by transiportatlon  companies ore needed, and If they wei-2  not their services.would not be engaged.   It was not an uncommon occurrence to piok up a newspaper to see  in big head lines that Engineer Jones  had miraculously saved his train and  his great cargo of human lives.   This  wus' all Uie papers knew about It   The  poor devil who stood cold and shivering  on the track with a red light was the  real hero.   "I tell you, brotheret, we are  going to have peace and recognition  if we have to flght for them," said Mr.  Wilson.   Chief Arthur, of the locomotive engineers, was a scrapper for over  ten years ibefore   railway   managers  learned that the engineers meant business  and were going    to halve  their  rig'hts.   Tlie malntenance-of-way men  were going to act In the saimc- way.   It  was said tnat there were too many different classes of workmen ln their organization���A>ridgemen and  others���receiving dlffersnt   wages according   to  their iposJtion.    If this were a fact it  was too ibad that lalboi;ing .people, without  legard to the difference in  than-  salaries,   can't    pull    together.     "The  Judascs of the ipr^ss said that I had  Skipped out from    Montreal    to    the  States, after getting the strikers and  then- representatives hopelessly In the  ���mire," said the speaker.    "I would no  more have then, left my post of duty  and my brothers.In their trying hour  than I would have put a new born babe  in a cage of lions, and then sneaked off  and left it alone to light for its life,  There was no reason wlhy men wanting  woiHc should 'not liave .It.   There were  a lot of fellows who didn't work who  had plenty of everything and a good  ohampaigne appetite which they always  sallsflud.   There were workingmen who  got a dollar a day also with champagne  appetites.    They didn't get the champagne   though.    They could 'not  e\ en  get berries. .Generally ihaif the usual  number of men were laid off �� oi k during the 'winter months and could beg.  borrow or steal during this period of  idleness,  for  all   the  company caivd.  Companies   Ikept   ithelr   horses   better  than their 'men.   God helps those w ho  helps themselves,   and   If  you   waited  for anybody else to help you you are  very llalble to stau-ve,  and you could  only    help    yourselves    through    the  i  agency    of your union.    The average  production amounted to more In value  than laibor got.   Carrol D. Wright, the  United States statistic!_m, procured data showing thai the average value nf  production  per  wage-earner pei   year  was $1,960, tlie wages he received $130,  learning $1,530 to ibe divided among the  fellows      who       draiik      champagne.  In Canada men were about on a par  with those on the other side, and consequently these figures applied to them.  Canada r had    natural    resources    far  greater  than   they had  down   In   th?  States.    AH  Industrial    upheavals are  generally between  workingmen themselves���and not ibetween them and capitalists.���Union-mien���*ous*ht^-"or- the  rights   of    labor,    and   the   speaker  thought that the fellows who did not  respect themselves as miein with some  prlnolple of manhood should have the  common decency to stay away  when  organized labor had tiroulble on  their  hands.   If they did it would not tailce  labor long to get Its rights.   Yes, tlu  "scabv wus unconsciously (pulling dow.i  the  wnge-ean.er.    All    were   galnern  through the union.   The railway coin-  panica had Improved services thereby.  Since 1*91  wngvs of the maintenance-  of-way .men  hnd ��� been    Increased' in  America Jfi.OOO.OOO a year. Fifteen years  ago men here got M.C0 a day.   Simv  they organized  their wages had bceii  Increased all tho way from 10 to 35 polecat   Last year men had worked hero  for  $1.25..   Tliis  applied   nil   over   the  country.   When theie Is dlssatitstoutlon  among the .producers of  the  country  something must be done, which oould  only   be accomplished   by   unionism.  Comjilaire  tlhe standard of  living and  wages of the workmen of England and  Its colonies and Oue United States and  Its colonies with rthote of Russia. China, Japan,  Italy and    other    nat'on*)  SOll'ill AD8T1UUA1V  MINIMUM WAGE LAW.  [Contlnueil on Phro Five.)  Tlie Shirt Making Boaid  went to work with caution, and did  mot arrive at a determination until  January, 1S98. Nor did it then attempt  any heroic measures In dealing wltk  Its IXLdly sweated trade. It was content to stipulate for a minimum }_  Id. perihour for women in the fac-  'lorles, as forty-eight hours was the  legal week, this business was brisk  and tlhey were able to live and make  money.  At the beginning of 19C0 tlie boards  and tho system of a ininlmumi wage  h'ad had three years trial.   They hod  had to atumble along amid many traps  nnd pitfalls, to deal with a multitude*  of complicated little pioblems, some of  which ithey had not solved, and they  had made more than one mistake.  Yet,  ���broadly speaking,  they had certainly  not failed.   In their efforts to reorganize six sweated trades, they had succeeded in four, and partially succeeded in the other two.   Their blunder ln  forgetting at the outset to malke special  provision for the old and slower work-  era In the clothing trades had been repaired.    Though  to some extent out-  manouvere'd by the Chinese In the furniture tuades, ithey had materially Improved even that unfortunate industry.  Except   perhaps   in   the   'bootmaiking  trade,   they had   done   very    little of  wihlch the decent majority of empploy-  ees could fairly complain.-   On the con-  traty,   they helped  the   fair employer  aigailnst the underoutter and the sweater.    Prices  to the consumer had  not  been appreciably raised    by  their reforms; the public, theiefore, had nothing to grumble at.   Mjiking full allowance for errois, humanity was the better for what had been done.   Real work  had .been accomplished In a righteous,  cause, and Victoria had abundant reason   to   give  the   gueat   experiment   n  wider scope and  A Further Trial  under amended    conditions.    This ac-  coidlngly the Victoria parliament did.  In .October, 1S9D, Mr. Peacock Introduced a bill  to extend   the duration and  expand the powers ot the law of 1SUS.  After some delay, caused by a change  of ministry, and a sharp tussle between  the  two .house.*-,   the   bill    became  a  .statute,  substantially   in   the form its  ���friends wished.   The upper house limited   its   life   to  two   years,   and   the  lower house had already stipulated that  a royal commission should be appointed to enquire into the, effects of factory  laws,   upon   trade,  manufacture,  labor, and commerce.   If we may judge  by the Investigations of former commissions into factory and shop life in  Melbourne,  the  report of  this body���  Whlah, as mentioned in the outset is  not likely to do much harm to the cause  of .reform; all earlier reports and evidence have fed the demand'for more  regulations.    Under the act as assented to the ibutchers and pastry cooks'  trades .were  tdded   to  the  six  trad is  already subject to   the  regulation  of  wages  boards.    Far    more    iirmMWtant  than this   specifip   extension   is the  clause  under  whioh   the  governor-in-  councll  is now authorised, on receiving a resolution passed iby either house  of parliament,    to appoint   a special  iboard to flx the minimum pay and tlie  majrfmiUBn-of-houi'!)-for-any-other-In~  dustry.   Some   thirty   npeclol boards  havie .been ajppolnited under this section,  and more have been asked for.   Under  another clause boards were also to flx  the extra pay to be given for overtime,  and. as .before, the proposition af apprentices and improvers and their lowest wage.   Piece work rates were to be  (Boned on Time Hates  ibut were not to be challenged or In-  ivalldutcd bevause tliey \.eiv not* tlhe  precise miu.valom of time mites. The  Hoard, after llxlng the time wages tor  any tmdv, mlgh/t. Instead of llxlng  piece rates Itself, leave tt to the t��m-  ployer to i>ay his people a fair equivalent to the legal time wage. Tlie chief  Insjioctor of factories might at any  timo Ohnllenge any inates thus settled  by the employer, and bring them befor-j  the board for adjusting. In endh oisc  tiNe onus of showing that they were  equal tn effect to ithe board's time  wnge�� was to He on the employer.  Na one famlBan- with the worictas of  ��hie Industrial Conciliating'amd Arbitration act of New Zealand can help  comparing tlie extending "Vaetorlan law  with that At the flr��t glance ttifc two  systems seem unlike,- tn certattn essen-  Both regulate tlhe conditions of labor  though In dlffereint degrees.   What Is  the  most Interesting albout  the  comparison Is that, different in form as the  two laws  ace,  and deolgnej  as  they  seemed to bo Mflien flist patved to attain different ofojeats, they are. nevertheless, being gradually assimilated under tihe pressure   of practical experience.  Thiis is the more noteworthy because they were  drafted  quite  independently,  and ihave, io  far,   woi'ked  on  In separation.    The  Now Zealand  law was the earlier, but the Victorian's  boraowod   nothing   from   It;    nor    In  amending and   expanding   their own  statutes have the New Zealandcrs 'taken anything from Australia.   In grap-  tng tor a way through a difficult thicket two sets of explorers   are. uncon-  sciouslly tending to talke ithe same rofeid.  Until thle end of the year 1000 the colony of South, Australia,  Radical  and Progress he  as It was In other directions,  lagged  behind in the regulations of factories  and shops.   Nothing worth spealking o��  was done until 1894, and then not very  much.   Children under thirteen were 'n  that year forbidden  to work  In factories in Adelaide and its suburbs, and  forty-eight hours fixed eis the .weekly  stint of women'and boys under sixteen.  Overlilme, howaver,  mlghL be  worked  on a hundred days in the year; It took  six wortk people  to molce a factory,  and the clauses Inserted to safeguard  the health and life of factory hands  were crude aad Insmffloicnt.   Five years  experience, and the example of othen  oolonie.?, and in particular the reveU-.  tlons of the Adelaide  factory inspectors,  awalkened   the South Australian  conscience to some punpose.   The fac-  taitles amendment act   of   December,  1900,  Tiot only  adopted   the  Victorian  wages   board   system   almost in the  words of Mr. Peacock's aot, but 'con���  ta'lned a don mi tlon of "factory" .whioh  wont far beyond the Victorian.  Hence-  forllh in Adelaide the, word "factory"  Includes any workroom where ainy ode  is worflting in the'owner's employ; and,  though this would stall seem to ignore  .'���niaill_coterlC8 "of outworkers,  it  is   a  great'advance on the old law.    Moreover,  the lowest wage to toe paid  to  anyone working In a factory wasnUde  te. a .week���ls. 6d. more than the minimum for the fiiictory children in Victoria.   Full records of terms, and particulars relaiblng tb  both  in  and   out ,  workers were to be Inapt   When fixing '  legal  minimum rates any ���wages board  Expressly Authorized  to allow a upecial rate in the case' of'.  anyone who thought age or physical  Infirmity could 'not get employment at  the board's .general rate. Is -It not time  the British CoJ-miibla legislature took  some steps to place Uie wmge workers  of 'this province on a sound working  basis, adopting similar lines as Australia has adopted and w-hloh she nun"  well take a lsson. j. h. W,  THE LATE J->HN BROWNE,  On Monday laat tih<-re passed away  In his 59th year Mr. John Browne, of  827 Richard street. He had been a  paralytic for upwards of five years,  and the end c.me not unexpected.  Prior to his jj;.-.,vs he had been to-  many years ca/ilnr of tie freight d2-  partment of the r p. K In this city,  and was wid-v- -nd f-.voiably known  in rallroadin-- ci i le.-  as  ivell ns to ��.  large number .v tv rrvldents of tho  province. He hi ( ,,!,\ .ys been connected wiui tronsportitlon companies, and  at one time s-,il-.. .a t*ie great lakes,  resld'mg at Coll! _rw ~1. Ont. Leaving  there he arj-lYvd it Vancouver In tho  eighties, and has remained here elver  since. The late John Browne was a  stalwart man of Rood pants, Jovial and  lange-heorted, who dearly loved .1  Jake, and many nre the happy reminiscences where John had boon the  centre figure.  The deoenscd loaves bcsldns his wlf*  a grown-up family to mourn his loss.  They asw Miss Jennie, Miss Lolll.s  Walter, John and Thomas.  The funtroi w�� >.��M from the family residence on Thursday. The ser-  vloos were conducted by Rev. Dr. E.  D. McLaren, n 1-v-go number of friends  and aoqualntancos bel^ in attendance.  The pallbearers were chosen from old'  friends of the deceisod. who knew him  In OoUtngirood. Ont.. many years ag3>  "Hiey were Wm. WVnts. O. Olmstead. G.  McDonald, L. __*x>n*iTd, John Brown>  and John Adams.'  . v-  The Sltlpwrights and Caulkers' unloft  of   Vlotoria   has   affiliated   with the)  tlala they resemWe each other closely. | TVadeB uid Laibor Conereas of Canada. WOELD'SEOUGHTIME  ���-AST   HUNDRED  YEARS ESPECIALLY  CHARACTERIZED   BY DISASTER.  CHARACTERISTICS OF OUR TIMES  Cud Said :   " I Will Show Wontlim tn Iho  tIuayhii* and in tli�� I'urtli." anil    Uwv.  Ur.   Tuhna-ju    'lhlnlCA   tho   l'rnpliucj-  liiiH Ituaii In  Part and 1��   Ileitis   Fill*  lllli-il��� r.ircivoll to  Dentil.  4_n',eri-i!iu'i:onl|ni,-tiiA<-tiir I'lirlliiineiilof Can-  nd;', in lli'i your l!MI. by Wlllhim ll'iily, o(To-  cotuo, nt iliu Dcp'i. ot Agriculture, Ottawa.  Washington, lice. 8.���In this dis-  ���coinse Dr. Tnimage 'recites somo  grout events nnd shows that the  world is advancing in the right dl-  rcc'ion, tu\t, .loci u, ,'iO, ' I will  sltoiv xx owlets in the he.ixons and in  thi- onilh "  Oi Cuinming���gioat nml good man  ���would li.uc told us tlie c-\.iet tunc  of Ihu fulfillment of this piophciy  As I stepped mli) lus htutlv in London ou mj  aui\.il fiom 1'ui is    just  jiftoi tlu* i'iet._li had siiimiilcicil at  Welkin the good doctoi 5.1 nl to mc  ' It is just what 1 had tolil >ou  ���about I'i .nice J'uoplc laughed at me  because 1 ta'kcd about the s \eu  limns nml the Mils but 1 foiesaw  ���nil this 110111 the book of lUniol und  the book of 1.isolation ' f>ot lak-  ��mj nn\ suth ic-poiisilulilj in the 111-  leipiciiiion oi thi* passage I sun-  lily as*-ci t "i.u t'i*!!* .no 111 it suggestions of in ui\  tilings 111 oui  tunc  Oui e\es dilate mnl 0111 hc.ut  cjuickuis 111 Us pulsations ns wo load  of events 111 tho tlmil conliii.v, the  s>i\th centuiv ihe eighth cuiuny, the  ���fouilicnlh cciiimi \, but tlicio weio  ���11010 faiicxcl'iiig events ciowded into  'Im muciceiiin centuiv than into any  >��thet, and the last twenty yeais  j ipse anj   piuciliiig  twentv We  I'adm the d.ulj ncwsp.ipuis of  (vents nnnouniod 111 one paiagrnph  jjj_rl without nnv spec, il emphasis ���  Lieut's which a llcioilotus, a Joscph-  u,, a Xcnophon a Uibbon, wimld  have taken whole ihaplus 01 whole  ���volumes to cl.iboi.ito Looking out  'upon oui tune. \\( iniisi civ out 111  'the woids ot the ic\t, "Motuleis in  Alio heavens and in the e.11 tli'"  I in oJ)ose to si ow > on that the  Mmc 111 wlinli wc Ine is vu-uilotful  for disastei anil x\ oniloi fui foi blessing, foi theie must bo liulits and  shades 111 this piiluie as 111 all otheis 'Need I ai^ue that out tunc  is wonclnful 101 iiisaslei? Oui woild  lias had a lou.'li tune since by tho  hand 01 God it wns howled out into  space Jt is an ipilcptic cutli���con-  ���vulsion aftei convulsion, fiosts  rjpounOing it with sledge haniinci ot  icelieig und lues nic'ung it with fui-  'ii.-.ces seven time*- lieatod It is a  wonder to me it has lusted so long  ���Meteors shooting bj on this side and  grazing it and uictcois shooting by  on tho othei side and ginning it,  nono of them slowing up foi safety  IWiolc fleets and navies and aigosics  and llolillas ot w01 Ids sweeping all  about us Oui cu lh like a lislung  ���smack off the banks of Newfoundland, while the Maic-tic and ist Paul  and the Kaisci Uilhelm ikt Oiossc  rush bv. Besides that, our wnild  has by sin been damaged in its internal machine! v nnd e\ci and anon  the furnaces haxc buist, nnd the  "walking beams of tho mountains  'Jiavo hi ol.cn, and the islands have  'shipped a sea, nnd the gieat hulk of  ���th's woild has been jniied with accidents that ovei and anon tlncatcticd  jmmediate demolition  Jlnt it seems to us ns lf.tlio last  humlicd jcius weie especially char-  ���oclcu/'ed by disastei ��� volcanic,  ���oceanic, epidemic I say volume because an caithtiuakc is only a volcano hushed up. When Sliomboli  and Cotopa-u and Vesuvius slop  'breathing, let the foundations of iho  - *ca.rth bcwaie1 .Seven thousand  earthquakes in two centuues lccoid-  ���ed in the catalogue of the Hi it ish  ���association' Tiajan the einpeioi,  goes to ancient Antioch and annd the  splondois of his letcption is mot by  da euithijuakc  that  nojily  clcstioys  'the enipcioi's life Lisbon, fan and  beautiful, .a 1 o'clock on the 1st of  Nox ember, 177."i, in six minutes 00,-  *O00 have peushed, and Voltaue  wntcs of tnem, ' I'oi that icgion it  ���was the last judgment, nothing wanting but a tiiniippi '" Hiuope and  Amcnca feeling the thiol)���1,1500  chimncvs 111 Boston pai tly or fully  destroyed  But the ilisaslcis of other tunes  have had  then   couiitoip.xi t  in   later  ��� tunos. Tn 1 fll_!_Caiacqs was caught  in the gup of .111 f|ii thqunkc 111 18S2  in Chile 100,000 sijuaic miles of land  by volcanic foue uplieaved to four  and seven fict ot poiiiiuicnt elevation, in IS") I .Inpun felt the geological agonv Naples shaken 111 18~>7  Mexico 111 l8")*->. _IIi ndo/.x, tho capilal  of flic Aigcnlinc Republic 111 1801  Manila, loiion/od 111 IRh.'l, the Hawaiian Islands by sue li foicc uplifted  aad let down in 1S71 JSYvmla hl'iik-  cn m 1S71, Antioeli 111 187:!, California in 1872, San Snlxudoi in 18711,  ���while in 181:1 what siihteiiniiciin cx-  -citcnicnt' Ischia, an islnnd of the  Sftsditoiinnc.iii, a hcniitifiil Itnlian  xvateiing iilucc, Mne\uid clad, surrounded bv all niiluinl 1 Inn in mid  Jiistoiiml icminisu'itco, .vondei Cnpi I  the siiinniei icsoit of the Koiunn einpeioi s, yoniloi Naples, Ihe luuadlse  ���of art���this beautiful island suddenly  tnpplid into tho tiough of the uaitli  '���4_,'>0'. moi ijinakcis polishing, anil  -somo ul them so far down beneath  ���tne 11'ach of human obsequies that it  _r__a.\ l��' said of ninny a one of them,  ii.s It was said of Moses, "Tlio Lonl  Inn 101 him" Ttalv, nil Europe  woopin*?, all Chi istondom weeping  where theie weie licaits to,sympathize ami Christians to pray But while  the nations were measuring that  magnitude of disaster, nioasui ing it  , not xvith the golden lod like ' that  with xvhich the angol measured heaven, but with the black rule of death,  ���Java of the Tndinn aichipclago, the  rswost fertile' islnnd df ,all tlie earth,  'Js caught in the grip of the carth-  ��n��ake, nnd mountain after mountain  goes down and city after city until  that island, xvhich "produces the best  beverage of all tho .xvorld, produced  llie ghastliest catastrophe. One hundred thousand people dying, dead!  Coming .nearer home, on Aug. 31,  1SSH, the great uarthiiuuko xvhich  prostrated one-lialf of Charleston, fc>.  0.  lint look at the disasters cyclonic.  At the mouth of iho Gauges, nro  three islands ��� the lluitiah. the Sitn-  ilcep und the llakin Shubnzpoi'c. In  thu lniilnighl of October, 1877, on  nil those three islands the cry xvas,  "The waters!" A cyclone ni'oso and  rolled the sen. ox-er those threo is-  laiuls. and of a populalioii of 310.-  000, 215,000 were drowned. Only  tlvjsc saved wlio hnd climbed to thu  top of the highest trees! Hid you  ovcr sec a cyclone? No? Then 1  pray t'i cd you nuiy never sou one. I  saw acyclono on the ocean, and It  swept us 800 miles buck from our  course, anil for thirty-sit hours (luring the ojclouo and after it wu expelled every moment to go to tho  bottom They mid us befoie we ic-  tiiul ut 0 o'clock that the barometer  had 1.1II011, but ai 11 o'clock at night  we weie awakened with the shock of  the waxes All the lights out Clash  Wi'iit all the lifeboats WnlcLs 1 ush-  'nc thiough the skjliglus, down into  Ihe iiilnii uml i'owii on tho furnaces  until the} hissed and smoked in the  ilclugu Seven bundled people pia.x-  ing, shucking Dm gieat ship poised a moment on the top of .1 mountain of phosphotoscent ine and then  plunged down down, down until it  seemed as if she never would again  bo lighted Ah, you novci want to  see a cyclone at sea.  Dut look at the disastei s oceanic  Shall I call the 1 oil of the deed shipping'' Ye monsteis oi the deep, answer when I call youi names The  Ville do ll.xxic, the Schillei, the Oily  of Boston, the Mclxille, the President, the Cunbiia. the Oiegon, the  l.ohcgnn But Wio should I go on  calling the loll when 110110 of them  ansvvei and the 1 oil is as long as tho  while scioll of the Atlmtic sairf at  Cape Halloas  bieaUeis'  Look at the disastei s epidemic. 1  speak not of the plague in tho fourth  eentuiy that lax-aged ISuiopo nnd in  Moscow and the Neapolitan dominions and Mat smiles wi ought such tci-  tor in the eighteenth centuiv, but 1  look at the vellovv fexcis and the  cholcias and the diphthouas nnd the  scailet fexcis and the typhoids of '"'i  nine 1'iom lluidvvai, India, vvlieio  every twelfth .xcai 3,000,000 devotees congiegale, the caiaxans biougnt  the choleia, and that one disease  slew 18,000 in eighteen davsinBos-  soiah Twelve thousand in one sum-  11101 slain by it 111 India ind 1!">,('00  in Fgypl Disastuis epidemic' borne  of the finest monuments, in Oiccn-  ivood and Lauicl Hill and M'.unt Au-  bui n aie to doctois who lost then  lives battling with southern epidemic  But noxv I tuin tho 'cat 111 -nv '-object, and I plant the white lilies and  Uie palm tice amid me iiijlils'iidcs  and the myitlc This r.ge no mci ��  chni actoi i/ed bj xvnnduis of cli--iisui-  than b> womleis ,_t blessing���blessing of longevitv the axeiagc of human life rapullv mcieas'iig Toity  yeais now woith 100 xenis once  Vow t can tiavel fiom Manitoba to  \ew York 111 less than tluco daxs  In othei tunes it would li ix-e taken  lluee months In other woids thiec  di.xs now me woith thiee niontlis of  other days. The average of human  life piacticnllv giealei now than  when Noah lived, with his 030 yens  and Methuselah lived his ��<3�� x-eais  Blessings of intelligence 'Iho Salmon T. Chases and the Abiahnm  Lincolns and the Homy Wilsons of  tho (oming tunc will not he ieo.uncd  to leant to icud by pine knot lights  01 seated on shoomakei's boneh, nor  will the Feigusnns have to suidj as-  tionomv while watching the cattle  Knowledge lolls its tides along evety  Iioor man's dooi, and his clnldien  may go down and bathe in them If  the plulosophcis oT .1 bundled yeais  ago weie called up to locite in a  class with oui bovs and guls, those  old plulosophcis would he sent down  to the foot of the class because they  failed to ansvvei the questions1 Tieo  libi nnes 111 all the unpen taut towns  and cities of the land Histoiical alcoves and poetical shelxes and mag-  0711111 tables foi all who dotalc to  walk through them 01 sit down at  them  Blessings of (puck inclination  Ncwspapeis falling all aiound us  thick as a Scptemboi equinoctial  News tluco dajs old lancid and stale  Wc sec the whole xvoild twice a day  ���through the newspnpoi at the  bioakfast table nnd thiough tho  newspaper al the tcatablo, with .in  "cxtia" heie and there between  Blessing of gospel proclamation:  Do"you-not-know-that-ncarly-nll-tho  nussionaiy societies have been bom  within a bundled years and neatly  all tho Bible societies and ncai Iv  all tho gieat philnnthiopic movements? Chi istianity is 011  the march. while infidelity is  dwindling into imhocilitj While  infidelity is thus dwingling the ulu'Cl  of Chi istianity Is making about a  thousand 1 evolutions in a minute.  Wonders of ^elf sacnlrc A clcr^x-  mati told mc 'n the noiilrvust mat  for six yeius ho vxu-, u niissionaiy .it  tho extreme north, living 400 mill's  fiom a post iilVu,'. und sometimes,  thu thci moniGlei 10 degiios I clow  /mo, ho slept out of eloois In vvlntci,  wrapped In mbbit skins woven together. I snld "Is It possible?  You do not mean 40 degiees below  7oro?" He said, "I do, und 1 wns  happy." All for Chnsl' Wlic'te  Is theie any other being that will  rally such enthusiasm'. Mothers  sowing thnn fnigeis off to cdiiciito  their boys for tlio Gospel iniinsli'V  For nine yeais no liiMny on the  tabic unlil the course thiough grammar school and college and theological seminary be completed Poor  widow putting her mito into tlio  Loid's treasuiy, the race of cmpcior  or p"rcsident impressed'upon tlu coin  not so conspicuous as the blood vvn.li  which Rhe earned it Millions of  good men and women, but more  women than men, to whom Ch'nst is  everything Christ fiist nnd Chi 1st  last and Christ -forever  All dead churches,, wake up I Throw  back the shutters of stiff ecclesiasti-  cism and let the light of xho spring  morning como in! Morning for thu  land! Morning for the seal Morning of eniiiniipiilion! Morning of  light and love and pence! Morning  uf ti day in vvlikli there' .shall be no  limins in bleak, no sorrows to ns-  sttag'*, 110 despotism to' shatter, no  woes tn eoiiipiissionate.; Blessed  Clu'isl, ilosiTiid! Scarred'��� . temple,  take the crown! Bruised hand, tako  the sceplcr! Wounded foot, seep  011   the  Ihroiitt!      "Thine     is tho  l.iiigikmi."  'These things I say becauso I want  you to In' alert. I want you to bo  winching, nil theso wonders unrolling from ihe heavens and tin earth,  tioil hns I'lassHic'l Ilieiu, whether "cnl-  nniiloi'.s or pleasing. The divine  pin I'ose-.'i tue har'iivssuii in traces that  cannot, brails uml lu girths thut cannot, loosen, uud arc drix-cn by reins  liic.v must answer. 1 preach no  fatalism A swarthy engineer at  Dili' 01 the tli'pols in Dakota snid,  "Winn will j ou got on the locomo-  tixe .mil lake 11 1 ldc with us?"  Well," said I, ' now, if that suits  vou " So I got on one side of the  locomotive, and u Methodist minister, who wus also invited, got on  the othei side, and between us vxcio  the cngincc'i and tlm stokei. The  tiaui stiu ted The engineer hud his  liiind 011 the agitated pulse of the  gicnt engine The .stokei shoveled in tho coal and shut  tlio dooi with 11 loud clang  A xast plain slipped under  us, and the lulls swept by, and that  gieat monster on which we lode  ficinblcd and bounded and snoitcd  and  inged  ns  it hurled us  on I  said to the Methodist minister on  the othei side of the loconiotixu :  'My bi other why should ministers  quan el about the deciees and fiec  agency > You seo thut track, that  In in tiack, that non track, thnt is  the deciec You see this engineer's  aim, that is fice agency. How beautifully they xv 01k together1 They  tue going to take u.s thiough Wc  could not do without the tiack, and  vve could not do without the cn-  gincei "  So I lcjoice day by day Work  for till to do, and xxc may tuin the  ciank of the Chustian machine! y .  tins way or that, foi wo aie fiec  agents But theie is the track 'aid  so long ngo no one lenicmbeis it���  laid b> the hand of the Almighty  God in sockets that no tcncstnal 01  Satanic ptcssuic can ever effect  And along the tiack tho car 01 the  x\01 Id's redemption will 1 oil nnd  loll to the Giand Ccntial depot of  the millennium I have no anxio'y  about the tiack I am onlv .if 1 aid  that foi out indolence and unfaithfulness God will dischaige us and  get some other _,to!_ei- and some  oilier engineei The timn is going  thiough with us or xvithout us  So, my bietlncii, watch all tiie  events that aie going by II things,  seem to tuin out light give v mgs  to youi joy. If things seem to tuin  out wiong, throw out the nnthor  of faith and hold fust  Those of you who ate in nud'iic  may well thank God that you have  seen so ninny wondious things, but  theie aie peoplo alixe to-day who  mav live to see tho shiminoi ing veil  between the matciial and the ',piui-  ualv, woild    luted Mugnctisni,  a  xvoid xvith whuh we coxci' up our  ignoiancc, xvill jet be an explored  1 calm Elcctucity, the lieiy coui-  ser of tho sky, that Benjamin 1 iank-  lin lassoed and Morso and Bell and  Kdison have bi ought undci complete  control, has greatci xvondcis lo ic-  x-oal. Whether heie or depaitcd this  life, wo xxill sec theso things It  does not mako much difference wheie  vve stand, but the highei the standpoint tlie linger the prospect We  will see them fiom heaven if we do  not sec them from eaith  Years ago I xxas at Fne Island,  Long Island, and I went up in the  cupola fiom which they telegiaph to  New Yoik thu approach af vessels  hours befoie they conic into poit  Theie is an opening 111 the wall, and  the opciatoi puts his telescope  thiough that opening nnd looks out  and sees vessels fai out at sea  While 1 was talking with hun ho  went up and looked out Ho said,  ' Wc ate expecting the An/ona tonight " T said " Is it possible  * ou know all thoso vessels? Bo you  know them as you know a man's  lace'" He said "Yes I never  make a mistake Befoi c I see the  hulls I often know them by the  masts 1 know- them all���I havo  watched them so long"  Oh, what a giand thing it is to  li ive ships lolegi uphed'and hei aided  long befoie thej come to port, that  fi lends may conic down to the wharf  and welcome their long absent  ones1 So to-day wc take oui stand  in the watch towel, and thiough tho  glass-of-iiispn-ation_xv'c_look_otl_an(l_  see a whole licet of ships coming in  That is the ship of poaco, flag with  one stai of Bethlehem floating  above the top gallants That is  tho ship of tho church, maik of salt  water high upon the smokestack,  showing she has had lough weather,  but the Captain of Salvation commands her nnd all is well with her.  The ship of heaven, mightiest craft  ever launched, millions of passengers  waiting foi millions moie, piophuts  and apostles and niaitjis m the  cabin, coiKiueioi's at the foot of tho  mast, whito fiom the ligging hands  1110 waving tliis way 11s if they knew  us, anil wo xvaxc hack again, for  thoy iiiuouis. Thoy xvmt out fiom  our own households. Ouis' Hell,  hnll' rut oil the black and put  on the while. Stop tolling tho  tiineial bull nud ling tlio wi'ilillng  anthem Shut up thu lieaiso and  lake  the  chin lot  Now tho ship comes nrou id  gieat headland Soon sho  stnko the wharf and vve will  nbnuid hei Ten is foi ships going  out Laughter foi ships coming in  Now sho touches the wliiuf Throw  out the planks. Block not up that  gangway xvith cmbiacing long  lost fiiends, foi vou will lmve etei-  nity of reunion Stand back and  give wny until other millions como  abonid her. ' Faiewoll to siul Faic-  xxi .if in sLiuggle raiexvull to sickness! Paroxvcll to death 1 "Blessed  mc all they who enter in through the  Cates;into tho city."i  -\ ~ "  STUDIES IN ENGLISH  THE  LANGUAGE AS  IT PENETRATES  THE JUVENILE BRAIN.  the  will  Specimen An��ivern Culled From  Vubllo School Examination* Tlint  "Write a Bold Teit For b Sermon on  the Method* ot Teach inn.  The following Is from. Mark Tvx^inls  Introduction   to   "English   as t She'   Is  Taught," by Caroline B. Le Row, published hy The Century company. Miss Le  How vouches for the genuineness of all  the answers to questions In public school  examinations that are quoted iu tho book:  Every  ono has snmpled  "English  ns  She I.s Spoko" nnd "Knglish as She Is  ���\Vrotc," This little volume furnishes us  an   Instructive   amy   of   examples   of  "English as She Is Taught" In the public  schools of���well, this country.   The collection xvas mado by a teacher in thoso  schools, and nil the examples lu It nie  genuine.   None of thein have been tarn-  peioil with or doctored In any nay.  Ucro  nro soni" quaint definitions of woids:  "Alius, n good mnn in the Bible."  "Ammonia, the foot' of the gods."  "Emolument, a headstone to a grave."  "Ipecac, a man who likes a good dinner."  Uoro Is one whero the phrase "publicans aud slnuers" hns got mixed up in tho  child's mind with politics, and tho result  Is a definition whlcli takes ono In a sud-  duc and unexpected way:  -ltepubhcan, a sinner mentioned in the  Bible."  And in Democratic newspapers now  and then.  As to sentences, here is one which���  well, noxv, how often we .do slum right  into the truth without ever suspecting it:  "Tho men employed by the gas company go round and speculate the meter."  Indeed they do, dear, ahf xvhen you  grow up many and ninny'p the time jou  will notice it in the gas bill.  "The coercion of some things Is remarkable, as bread and molasses."  "Her hat is contiguous because she  weirs it on one side."  Here is an odd but entirely proper use  of a woid nnd a most sudden descent  from a lofty philosophical altitude to p  very practical and homely illustration:  "We should endenvor to avoid extremes like those of xx asps and boes "  And hero, with "/oologicnl" nnd "geological" in his mind, but not leady to hia  tongue, the small scholar has inuocentiv  gone and let out a couple of secrets  w Inch ought never to have been divulged  in nny circumstances-  "There aro a good many donkeys In  theological gardens."  "Some of the bost fossils are found tn  theologicnl cabinets "  The chapter on "imthemntics" Is full  of fruit. Prom it 1 tnko a few samples  mainly in an unnpe state-  "A circle is a round stiaight lino with n  hole in the middle."  "Things xvhich nre oqunl to each other  are equal to an> thing else."  "To find the number of snurrc foot in a  room you multiply the room by Ihe nii'n-  boi of the feet. The product is the result."  These pupils did not hunt geography  with a microscope: ihey hiinteil xvith ��  shotgun. Tins is shown bx tho cnppled  condition of the game they brought in:  "The Hoclo mountains aro on the  western side of Philadelphia."  "Cape Hatterns Is a vast body of water  surrounded by land nud flowing into tho  Uulf of Mexico."  "heland is called the Emiurant Isle  beonuse it is so beant'ful nnd green."  "The two most famous volcanoes of  Europe nre Sodom nnd Gomoiinh."  XVe come noxv to historical matters���  historical remains, one might say:  "Washington vviotc the Declaration of  Independence In 1402."  "Queen Isnbolln of Spain sold her  xvntch nnd chain and otlier millinery so  thnt Columbus could discover Ainencn."  "The Indians pnisued their xxarfnio by  hiding in bushes niul then m! ilping them."  "Tlle Puutuns found an insanei asylum  ln the xx ilds of America "  "Henry Eight w as fnmotis for being n  Brent widower, haxing lost bexornl  xx-ixes."  "Lonl .lames Gordon Bennett Instigated the Goidon riots "  "Abraham Lincoln xvns born In Wales  In laOO."  In a,chapter headed "intellectual'^ 1  find a great number of most interesting  statements. A sample 01 two mny bo  found not nmiss:  "The 'House of the SevenLGabW wns  written hy Lord Brxnnt"  "Georgo Eliot left n wife and children  who mourned gieatly for his genius."  "Holmes is n xciy profligate and amusing xx ntor."  When the public school pupil wrestles  with the political features of the great republic, they throxv hun sometimes:  "A bill becomes a law when the president vetoes It."  Truth crushed to earth will rise ngain,  ns follows:  "The constitution of the United States  is that part of the book at the ond xvhich  nobody reads,"  _And here she rises once more and nn-  tlmely7 Thero should be~a~limit to public  school Instruction It ennnot be wisq or  well to let the young find out everything:  "Congress is divided into civilized, half  civilized and savage."  The chapter on "physiology" contains  much that ought not to b" lost to science'  "We have an upper and n lower skin.  The lower skir moves nil the timo, nml  tho upper skin moves when wc do."  in tne stomach stnrch is changed to  cane sugnr and enne sugar to sugar  ennc."  If a laugh Is fair here, not the strep-  gling child nor the unintelligert toucher  or rather the unintelligent boards, committees and trustees arc the proper target  for it. All through this little book one  detects the signs of a certain probable  fact, thnt a 1-rge part of the pupil's "in-  struction'^consists in cramming him with  obscure and wordy ."rules" which ho does  not utidersttind and has no time '0 uiiilor-  stnnd. lt would be as iisefulTto craiti him  with' brickbats. They would fit least stay.  r-Mark Twiin.  now Annelo Worked.  Before his return to 'he pnlace Michael  Angelo hnd begun n series of careful  studios In'nnntouiy to familiarize himself  with overy line nnd dimeuslnn of the figure. He tolled at the study for "yean,  until his mastery of the human form was  complete. He ni'v��r painted or chiseled  n figure without working out in a drawing tho must iloliiato -h'talls nf the an-  utotnj. ho thnt no tuin o( 1 oin or muscle  might ho fiiKo to tlio absolute tiuth. It  i�� bv suih ini'iuis that nny mastery is so-  ' ui'-il  LUCKY AND UNLUCKY FALLS.  Dlntnnce   Ia   Oftrn   Lchh   Important  Than tho XX a j   of AllKhtliiK.  "There iu something tatlier curious to  rae about the distnnce-s that men may fall  without getting hurt." obscixed a New  Oilcans coutractoi, "but it is not alwnja  the case that n drunken man can fall fur-  tlici than other men without getting  bruised up or killed. In mj own experience in const! notion xvork I have observed a few instances where peifcctly sober  men hnvo fallen gieat distances without  getting hurt. Of course, ns a genernl  thing, a man whose muscles are thoroughly relaxed on account of the influence ot hquoi is less liable to injuiy than  tho sober man, who will make all kinds  ot cftorts to catch himself and who xxill  in this xx ny eudnnger his limbs by ranking them rigid nrd stiff.  "But I iccall the ease of a mnn xxbo  xx us vx 01 king ou a building with nie several 3 oars ngo, nnd at the tnno he wni  engaged on the fifth stoiy. He was xvoik-  ing in one of the windows in the side of  the building. In some xvay he lost Ins  balance and went head over heels down  the side of the building toward the sido-  wnlk. The sight made me sick, nnd I was  nctunll) nfuid to look on the sidewalk  lieloxx, becauso I felt certnin thnt my  fnend had been mnshed into pulp by the  long foil. We got down to the giouud ns  soon ns possible. I xx ns surprised xvhen l  fiuloil to see my friend  "lie had not stopped on the sidewilk.  but went clashing into tho cellar, anil 5011  can imagine the suipnse I felt when I  met my fnend with n smile ou lus face  and 1n.1l.1ng lus wnv to the short, ilummj  steps that led up out of the eellnr. I  nsked hun if he xxns not hurt, and he replied that the full jolted him a little nnd  thut his blood chilled somewhat xxlnlo ho  xxns going through the air, but ho wns  nol hint He hnd struck nn lion gate  that worked rather easily on its hinges,  and this nppiitntus allowed him to slide  with ense into the hnsement, nml it xxns  this simple dexice that s.ired his life. He  xx as pei fectl} sober at the time too  "But noxv mark xxliat happened to nn  other fnend of mine xxlule he was under  the influence of whiskj. He xxns not  drunk, but he wns in thnt condition  called comfortably full. He xvas walking  along a sidexxnlk that wns ns smooth and  ns ex en ns any I ovcr saw. For some unaccountable renson he fell His head hit  fust, nnd it struck 111 such n wax thnt it  threxv him over on his hack. The turn  wns sudden, bpnsmodic, and seemed to  luxe been caused by a muscul'ir lehixa-  tion lie noi cr regiined consciousness.  Ills skull xvas fractured biullx. nnd he  died in a few houis. These things go to  'bIiow that it is not so much a question of  how far a man fnlls How a fellow hits  stems to he fur more imoortnnt than the  matter of distance."  hot t'ing vat valks people oop der stairs'  stooden still?"  "Oh, that's the elevator," was the answer.  "Oh, dnt's vat idt is, Is idt? I haf a  pocketbook made olton der peel af one uf  doze.", He tried a ride, but didn't like it.  Then he snld:  "I vould told my wife nefer to go.lu  mlt von uf doze'alligators ven der valkin?  by han-1 vns soot/'   Hdxr On* Ancestors Quarreled.      ^  A study of niedloevnl rural life ls apt  to give the Impression thnt the principal part of the life ot tho people was  spent ln quarreling or In the commission or prosecution of offenses. Our  ancestors certainly were a very litigious and a very disorderly people.  Tho records teem with instances of men  uud women drawing knives against one  another, of breaking Into houses, of  prosecuting one nnotber for slander.  Then we have such entries as these:  "It Is ordained by common consent  that all the women of the village must  tcfraln their tongues from all slandering." "Thoiuns, son of Itobert Smith,  Is lined 12 pence because his wife Agues beat Emma, the wife of Robert,  the tailor, nnd Robert, tbo tailor, sixpence because his wife Emma swore at  Agues, the wife of Thomas." "It ls enjoined upon all the tenants of the village that none of them attack any others In xi-ord or deed, with clubs or ar-  'oxvs or knives under penalty of paying  40 shillings."  Such entries, frequently occurring, ln  addition to the Innumerable Instances  of Individual attack, slander, potty  theft and other Immoiality seem to  show a community of far from perfect  virtue.  Itnllnna Love Tomatoes.  Italians more than any other people  value tomatoes, and each one that  ������oines to perfection Is ns carefully tended as though It were an apple of gold.  Not only do the housewives delight in  the fresh vegetables themselves, but.  generally speaking, those home tended  nre better thnn any purchased at the  market, and so each one Is jealously  saved to make tomatoe sauce for tho  spaghetti, xvithout which no Italian c  Sunday would be Sunday. Oue soapbox  gn 1 doner one season sold enough tomatoes to give her quite a little pin money.  No oue who knows the Italian well will  he surprised to learn that many of the  boxes nre devoted to peppers, for they  In truth furnish much of their spice ot  life, and even the little Italian girls ��  know how to stuff nud cook them in a  dozen dlUeient ways that tempt the  palate.   BRUMMEL'S SNUFFBOX.  Fenr Scots and Flebrovri.  Is it tine tlint n Scotchman cjn never  he employed m the Bank of England,  London? A gentleman who hns tiaxoled  in England aad Scotland a number of  times lecently mnde the following statement:  "No Scotchman lias ever been employed  in the Bunk ot Enelnnd either as a cleik  or 111 nnj sulioiditiiite cap.ioit.x foi the  reason that the English controlloia of the  bunk beliexe that if they ouce admitted  a Scot to the bunk he would exentuully  contiol its nffaus In fact, it mny he  said, going in nnotlioi duection, thnt no  Ilcbroxv can make a livelihood in Scotland foi the reason thnt the Scot is quite  as acute in finniicinl nnd eommoicinl mnt-  tcis ns the Hebioxv, and even more so.  This statement mny .be a little hn?y, but  what I wish to sny to you is this���the  contiolleis of the Bunk of England xvould  not admit a Scot to any place In the bank  any more thnn they would a Hebiew for  tho renson thnt the Scot and the Hebrew  would eventually control this great bul-  wnik  of  English  finauce."-  Hl��   Flr��t   Elevator.  ���Hc-vvas_evideiitly_tiom _thc_country  this little old Get man, nml ns his eyes  rested on the clcxntor, undoubtedly for  tlie lust time, his bcuse of the ridiculous  was touched.  For n few minutes he stood in wonderment and then, laughing softly to himself, he stopped the hist poison he chanced to sec, who bappeuod tn be the jnnitor,  ��*>d fired this at him, "V'ut v 09 dot Icedle  The Drench Dctviecn the  Denn and  Ufa Uojnl Patron.  One of the most touching nnd In its  way pathetic incidents in the drama  "Bonu Brunimel" la in the Inst act when  n poor, broken down dandy hears that h'")  old patron and piinee is passing through  Calais. Nerving himself xx ith a great ef-  foit ou his part with his Inst remaining  snuffbox, he sends it ln the shape of a  pence offering nnd token of contrition to  his* foimer roj al ffiend.  No bigger sncutice was possible to this  actual Gooigc Biuiinncl. In the dnys ot  his piospouty he hnd no grenter fad thnn  the collection of nil sorts of snuffboxes.  It amounted, in fnct, nlmost to a mnnin,  and bj his sagncity nud good taste he  possessed nt one time an unnvnled collection. Dmiug his palmy days of Loudon life there xxns among his collection  one box which the regent especially admired.  "Brtimmel," ho said, "this box must be  mine. Go to Grax's nnd order any box  you like in lieu ot it." Brunimel of course  assented nnd nt the snmo time begged  thnt the now box might hnvo n miniature  of the prince ns its chief ornament, to  which the latter, much pleased, consented. The box xvns oidercd, nnd in its mnn-  ufneture Brummol took the most active  Interest, nn interest slimed by the piinee  himself, who suggested sovernl alterations nnd improvements in the design.  When it wns almost completed, the  Annuel took plnce at Claremont between  the pnncc and the beau, which was the  puinniy cause of the clatter's ultimate  downfall. A day or two after Its occurrence Bruinmel w ent to the jeweler's_ to  inquire nbout tl;e box nnd wus then tuld  tlml the regent hnd sent cxpiess directions! thnt it xxns not to be delivered.  Biuramol's chagrin nud suipnse woio intense, and it xxas this somewhat uugen-  'crous'act xx-hich fust induced linn to bear  himself with hostility tigniust the prince  nnd hj his oxx 11 nets nnd foolish woids to  widen a hrc.ich which was to extend for  Slntlitiriil  The Victoria flock contains ' 74  acios The dock is l.CjO feet wide  It cost ��700,000  Thu axeiagc rnglishnian eat.s     21  ounces of bioad a dax, 7 ounces   of  meat,���2 ��� ounces of_biitloi_nnd__3_  ounces of sugnr  While the war in Soutli Afnci has  diminished the number of English  to'uists in SwiUoilund, it has benefitted that counti y to the extent of  an uicio.iso of about 5,750,000 franca  In tho sales of chocolate and condensed milk. , ,  FOR  THROAT   IRRITATION  HoarseiicHs, Dry Throat, Sore Tlirout, Uionclilnl TrmiblcH, Couplis, Colds mid Anthill v Or. Olmse'tt  Svrn*- ol' Llnsood innl Turpentine is h Cure of Proven Merit.  Thero aro moro ministers, singers and public Hpoakers using Br. Clumo's Syrup of Llnsood and Turpentine  thnn anv similar preparation, becaubo it is oxnetly suited to their needs. I'.v taking a dose of this preparation before going ou the platform they feel certain of ficcdom fiom dty^ thi oat, houiseness and tlitoat irritation, than xvhich there can ho nothing mere cmbairassinR to a singer or speaker,  Besides the annoyance of throat in nation public speakers scorn to bo especially suscoptible to bronchial  troublo, pneumonia and lung diseases, and for this reason it seomB xvlso to have in your grip xvhen leaving  home a bottlo of Br. Cha-so's Syrup ot Linseed nnd Turpentine, which is beyond all doubt the most thoroughly effective treatment for bronchial and lung tioubles that Is to bo obtained  Dr. Chase's Syrup of  Linseed and turpentine  nid9 expectoration, clears the throat and air passages, soothes and quiets the nerves which causo, coughing,  and thoroughly cures all throat and bronchial troubles. Thero are othor preparations of Linseed and, Turpentino put up in imitation of Br. Chase's. Be sure that tho portrait and si glint ure of ^Dr^ A. W. Chnso are on  tho bottle you buy. 25 cents a bottle . family size, three times as much, 00 cents At 'all dealers, or Ednian-  son, Bates & Co., Toronto. ' ' '��� ' 1.1;  BROTHERHOOD  Th��t plenty but reproaches me  Whicli leaves my brother bare.  Hot wholly plud'in.v,,heart can bo  While his Is bowed.vvith care.  lt I fe-o tree and sound und stout  While his poor ro.tti-rs clank,  Unsaid) still I'll (till cry out .   '  Aud plead with whom 1 thank.  Almighty, thou who Father be  Ot Wm, ot me, ol all,  Draw.us together, him and cne.  That whichsoever tall,  Ttir other's hand may tail him not,  The otlier'istrciigtli decline  Ko task ot succor that his lot .������  Hay claim from ion ot thine.  1 would be (cd. I would be clnd,  I would be housed and dry.  But It so bt my heart be sail.  What benefit lisvc I?  Best tic whose shoulders best endure   ���  Tho load that bruits relief, ,  -Anil best shall lie Ills jo.x secure  Who shares (hat joy with ftiiet.  ���_.. S. Martin in Scrlbncr's.  '.t.MlA.A..Ii.A.MMf.t��Mk.A��MLl^  I SELF ACCUSED I  BY M. QUAD.  Copyright, 1001, by C. D. Lewis.  ^^'fi_^HHf��V'*<VII|V'yif *V",<I,,V'^  I had been practicing law in the town  of Lancaster'for about four years when  James Higgins, 'merchant, xvas murdered. 'According to the testimony of  his xvlfe, they xvere aroused at midnight hy a noise doxvn stairs, and he  went down to investigate. She heard  nngry words, followed hy a sbot, and,  giving an alarm, it xvas found that tho  husband had been shot through tho  heart It xvns noted that noihlng'in the  house had becu taken and no/preparation made for robbery. A window  xvhlehlnid been left unfastened offered  tho means of Ingress, nnd tho shooting  had taken place In the sitting room.  Mrs. Higgins was sure that there had  been a sort of dlsputo before the fatal  shot was fired. Sho xvas, sure of her  husband's voice; .but. as to the other;  sho was undecided as to xvhcther.lt  xvas a man's or a woman's. The detectives proceeded oh the theory; that  a man-bad! effected entrance xvlth intent to plunder. He had no sooner got  -into;tho'house than he xvns confronted  by Higgins, who. though unarmed, xvas  a strong man. Ho had probably called  upon the /jurglar to surrender and perhaps laic",'hands ou him and had hoou  killed tblt capture might be avoided.  The: t& st suspect arrested was the  hostler j f the pains of one of the hotels.   111! had been seen on the street  A STBANQB WOMAN CALLED AT MT OFFICE.  at midnight; bo xvas known to have a  pistol; he betrayed many signs of guilt  when arrested. , 1 was employed In his  defense and after half an hour's talk-  with blm came to the conclusion that  he was guilty. He didn't admit his  guilt, but at the same time he didn't,  deny it xx-lth the warmth expected of  an innocent man. It was by accident  altogether that 1 made a series of discoveries. This man bad planned with  another ,to break open, the passenger,  depot and rob the safe.' .They had been'  surprised xvhlle*at work by a tramp,  and the hostler vvaa afraid to talk to  me or any one else of tbe murder case  for fear of being found outjn the lesser crime..: When once'.J bad* tbe thing  straightened out. It did not take long  to upsot tbe case of tbe police. I bad  scarcely-done! this, when I,.��was upset  myself., ^J -x^ ^ ^ $? �� '���" '.<  _^_ A building 'contractor "name'd Otis  _came_to<mf"to^mTiUe~a-cbnfesslon~He~  bad Reason's,no suspect that Higgins  had rallied 'his''home,1' and when there  was no longer any doubt In bis mind  he had determined, to kill vthe man.  He told tne In detail of bis going to the  bouse, effecting' an entrance, 'telling  Higgins.what he bad done and thon  shooting blm. Be wanted to be tried  , for the shooting aud believed that tbo  Jury would acqult'blm. Acting ou my  advice, he went to'the police''with his  ���tory and at Its conclusion was put  under arrest  I went to,work,on tbeense, but wiib  bowled ove'rllat tlie very'.outset!'': Mrs'.  Otis,declared ln jiiVniqst emphatic aud,  enfriest way that {.lie, b'nd 'nev or, Rpokon'  a dozen words to Higgins, her husband  had,'-'never. Intimated thnt he Iiml tbo  slightest cause.for Jealousy of any man,  aiid,-;bottor than nil, she could prove  that from 10 o'clock, lu the evening  uutll two hours 'after/'midnight ou the  night of tbo murder be was at home  and Id, bed and .quite, |1L This Bhe did  prove,, by ���three,..xvUn^sse^., OU9., had  told me a.purel^lina^inary^stpry, aud  be sttick to It for several days, b'ut at  length' turned" around"'a'nd' denied  everything.' Yliere'' were'' t'befe'e 'who  sAltl that'b^"Was">'bflf" I'ttf-ls'bead.'&ut''  be'thlked and acted'lihe any snoe man*  and'Ceturned'xto'bls'buslntiss afc-eoon as��  released,,.*- * .' ,i<><i.v��&v)i >**J iit.s VMi_r\.  Tbe police now returned to their first  theory. The deed bad surely been-  done by some om* xvho bad entered the  house for plunilor. After some days  .'"���v arrested a saloon keeper la a town  about five miles away, claiming to bnro  a straight case, against him, and the  man had been under arrest three or  fopr days xvhen .1 came Into the enw  again.-   A youug mail named Suitors.  who was a student nt the state normal  school, came to my house at 10 o'clock  nt night to make'n confession. ; He xvas  the murderer of Higgins. Higgins had  by accident got hold of some love letters xvhich the young mini had written  and had refused to"give thorn1 up for  less than $100. Not having the money  to pay with anil being rendered desperate, he bud.gone to search the house  at night. Snltors'told of the conversation xvhen iliggliis.cnme down Mali's���  hoxv he got In und got out and all the  details. I advised lilm to go to the  police, and, ns lu the other case, they  locked him up ami felt sure that they  had the right man ut Inst  I was not retained by young Saltern.  ,vho announced that he would make 110  defense,', but 1 set out to'clear-up'a few  points to satisfy my, own curiosity, l'  was not.', lone lh'ascertaining that he  .was'not In love with any girl uud had  never.'Jbecn. known to -written -love lot-'  ter; also that ou the night of the murder he was in a town,20 miles nway.  When these facts became known to the  police, they hnd to drop their case,  though : Saltcrs; protested to the last  that he was gnlity. I had lost my keen  Interest - In., the matter wheu a strange  woman,Who Introduced herself as Mrs.  Haskltis, called at my olllce to make a  ''confession.'';- Sho was u woman of 40,  good looking and Intelligent ami claming 10 be a xvldoxv.aiid to ...reside lira  town 30 miles away. She It was who  killed Mr. Higgins, and she had with  her the pistol from which the shot had  been fired. The deceased, ns she claimed witli many details, had wronged her  only daughter while passing himself  off as a single man. She had haunted  his store, but he had dodged her. She  had tried to meet hlui on the street,  but he had evaded her. As a last resort she had entered his house and  made-: the noise that brought hlin down  stairs.  .In my..experience as a lawyer I.never  heard a strnlghter story, but before  sending the xvoman to the police, ns In  the.other cases,,! began to Investigate.  The very llrst move proved that she  was ..either a17 monstrous, liar or a bit  cn.zy. The lady nt whose house she  claimed to have stopped had never even  hentd of hor. Then I discovered that  she hnd no daughter and that Mr.' Higgins could not have known her and  that he hnd not visited her town for  12 years. To cap the climax, she was  homo on the night-of the .murder.  There xvas one more Instance, and It  partook of llie ridiculous at once. A  one legged mnn named Wells, a resident of the town,'gave himself up to  the police ns.the murderer. Ho claimed to be, a somnambulist aud that the  deed was done while he was asleep.  He didn't think he .ought-to be punished, but he xvauted to be tried and acquitted. Not ono true statement did  he make in all his story, and he xvns  told to take his leg and get out. The  hunt' for -the true crlmiiial.vvaskopt up  for a year, but he xvns never discovered. Tlie police xvere 110 doubt right ln  tlieir flrst thcoiy. The mun entered the  house for plunder, and. beiDg discovered. If not attacked, he fired the fatal  shot and then escaped. It was more  than likely that he was a stranger to  the town.  You will naturally ask why those  people should,have charged themselves  with a crime that they were not guilty  of. A physician could probably give  you a clearer answer. My theory Is  that they had taken an Intense Interest  In the case, nnd from argument with  themselves how -the crime was committed or how they would have com-  , mined it they got to the point of believing that they actually did commit It.  Such cases He by no means rare, and It  must be for some such reason that  courts often refuse to accept a plea of  guilty and givo the accused a fair trial  for his life and liberty. There are people, as every lawyer aiid detective  kuoxv's, who aro anxious.to bewitnesses in a case and will perjure themselves on -the 'stand without seeming  to be aware'of i't.'and it Is In carrying  out this singular line of conduct or  train of thought that one may come to  accuse, himself. v-,      , . ��� ,;v,   ��� .       ;  '1 .,1 Nn*nlii(t��be.Bnby.   . ''  -]We lately came across the extraordinary. Clirlstlnu 'names of-Suetonius  and Trinidad Orbegoso. the latter feminine. There, must have .beeu  some  speclnl reason' for bestowing such  queer names: but, oven so, It scarcely  6oems.Justifiable to unuie children In a  ' xvay tlint 'must 'needs make 'them 'uri-  coinrortuultv"'.particul'arly Tln]^ their  school days. . The ..choice of, a name,  .however, Is furiuiore dilBcult.ttiau.lt  Beeinsr*-!,v.\ ,- f '' - >''.. v���',' ,-��� V* -*;' '  , When')t>ne hears' a number; of young  p'eople talklug'Wetbor.-all their name1*1  sound pleasing, yet'perhaps there'.w,  not one that one would choose for dally,  !und hourly '���.user-' .Anil, thbni'when a'  favorite one* bus been ..thought of care]  tiiust'rbo taken) that-It Is < oue.. which  sounds well. Ju'.'conjunction,"xvlth" the  Kiiniiime, and -also that the Initials do  uot -formnn'unstiltnble'word.*',Charles  Urqiiliardt, Bnrnnrd ,antl, Uulpb Oliver  Toxviisend, .for Instance, aro tianics  which sound very"well In full, but to  use the Inltlnh) would .berrying.���Exchange.  ��� ~i  -  W.berf,,Women Cliooic.  Between.the mountains of India and  Persia' is   a   powerful 'tribe   unions  whom  an  exti'iiu"illnaryT custom  pre-;  vnila/'Woificu's rights apparently"have |  received full recognition, for the ladies  of the tribe can clioosb'th'oir-oxvri husbands.    All as single Inily.Mins ��� to do  !ivi'heu>Bli'e"'Wlslies to" change her'state  'is tQ send jb Ver'x-Jnitto'plp'ii' (lnndl.or-  chlef to the hat of'the* mftiV'on Vlibin  her fancy lights, and he Is obliged to  .murry her unless he can show he is too  poor to purchase her at the price ber  father requires.  MOPE'AND EFFORi,  Hepe is ot the valley; Effort stands  Upon the mountain top, facing the sun;   _  Hope dreams of dreams:.roade true and great  decda done;  Effort goes forth with tolling font nnd hands  To attain the'faroff, sky-touched tablelands  Of 1 great desire iind, till the end is won,  Looks not below, where the long strife, begun  .In pleasant Acids, met torrents, rocks and sands.  Hope, but when Hope bids look within her glass  And s'.iowt the wondrous things xvhioh may befall,  Walt not (or tlcullny, wait not at all;  This lo'Is xo' failure's dark and dim morass;  Sound lliou to all ��..y powers a trumpet call  And, staff in hand, strive up the mountain pass.  II --New York Tribune,  IA Perilous Wooing}  How a Lover Was Put to a  4  Sovore Tost to Win His       ?  Sweetheart X  I DT _JJO_.NSTJEI.M_ BJORNSO.N. |  *l''i*��*l*��'l^'!-��-I*��^*'����'!*��'l*,>'I*��*l'��^-H>  From the time thut Aslang xvas quite  grown up there . xvas no ��� longer any  peace or quiet ntrl-Iusaby. In fact, all  tho handsomest; young fellows lu the  village did nothing but flgl),t nnd quarrel night after night, nnd It was alxvays  .-worse, on Saturday nights. Aslang's  father, old Canute Husaby, never went  to hod onthose nights xvithout keeping  ou nt least his leather breeches and laying a good stout-birch stick on the bed  beside hlui. "It I have such a pretty  daughter," snld old Canute, "I must  know how to take care of her."  Thor *v'ossot wns only the sou of a  poor cottnger, and yet folks snid that it  wns ho wlio xveut oftenest to visit the  farmer's daughter at Husaby. Of  course old Canute was not pleased to  hear this.* He said It xvns not true;  that, at any rate, ho had uever seen  him there. .Still, thoy smiled and xyhls-  p'cred to each other that If ho only had  thoroughly searched the hayloft, xvluth-  er Aslang hud many an errand, he  would havo found Thor,tlicre.  Spring.came, and Asiang went up the  mountain xvith the cattle. And now,  when the heat of the (lay hung over  the valley, the rocks rose .cool and clear  through tlie sun's misty rays, the cow  hells tinkled, the shepherd's dog bark,  ed, Aslnng sang her "jodol" songs and  blexv the cow horn, all the young men  felt tlielr hearts grow sore and heavy  as they gazed upon her beuuty. And  on the llrst Saturday evening one after  the other they crept up the hill, but tliey  came doxvn again quicker than thoy  had gone up, for at the top stood a man  who kept guard, receiving each one  who camo up xvlth such a warm reception that he all his lifelong remembered the xvords that necbtiipatiiodtho'nc-  tion, "Come up here again and there  xvill be still more in store for you!"  All tlie young fellows could arrive at  but one conclusion���that there was  only one man In tlie whole parish who  had such fists and that man xvas Thor  Nesset. All the rich farmers' daughters thought It xvas too bud that this  cottager's son should stand highest in  Aslang Iitisnby's favor.  Old Canute thought the same when  he heard about It all, and said' that li  there were no one else xvho could choel;  hltu he would do it bimsolf. . Now,  Canute was certainly getting on In  years. Still, although he was past  sixty, he often enjoyed n good xvres-  tliug match with his eldest son when-  over time Indoors fell heavy on bis  hands.  There xvas but ^ne path up to the  mountain belonging to Husaby, and It  went straight through the farm garden.  Next Saturday'evening, ns Thor was  on his way to the mountain, creeping  carefully across the yard, hurrying as  soon as ho xx*as well past the farm  bulldlugs, a mau suddenly rushed at  him.   .  "What do you want with me?" asked  Thor nnd hit him such a;.blow In the  face thnt sparks danced before his  eyes.  "You will soon learn that," said some  one else behind him and gave bim a  great. blow .in the back of his neck.  That was Aslaug's brother,  "And here's the hired man," said old  Caiiutc'atid attacked him also.  The greater the danger the greater  was Tbor'8 strength. He was supple  as a xvilloxv aud hit out right manfully.;; He dived and be ducked. Whenever a blow fell it missed him, aud  xvhen uone expected It he xvould deal a  ~good"oue~Ho"stooped downrhe sprang  on one sldo, but for all that he got a  terrible thrashing. Old Canute snld  afterward that lie ���:��� bad 'inevcr fought  xvlth n braver fellow., !They kept It up  till blood began .to. flow. , Then Canute  cried out, "Stop!" Then ho added In a  croaking tone,. "If you can get up here  next Saturday.'In spite of Canute Uu-  sahy and bis meu, the girl shall be  yours."  Thor' drugged himself homo as best  ho could and when he reached the cottage went straight to bed. There was  u great deal,of talk about.the light up  011 Husaby hill, hut every one Mild,  VWhy ,dlil he.go there'/" Only one  person: did' not say so, and thnt \vn_  Aslang. Sho had been expecting Thor  that Saturday evening, but xx lion she  heard what had happened between him  and her father slio.sttt down and cried  bitterly and suid to herself, "If I tuny  tiotbave'Thor, ;1 shall never have a  ; happy day again In this world."  Thor.stayed In his bed nil Sunday,  ' nud.whcnMoiiday cume ho felt lie must  : stay on whore ho was. Tuesday cume.  land lt was a lovely day. Tho hills looked so', freshv will, green.   The window  ��� was opencsweot odor's xvere'wafted In;  .th'e' ASwholls 'were 'tinkling on tli}  'Dipu'otnin.-ancl.Vdlf up''ribovo some oik  ��� w'ttfe "Jodllng."' Truly, Jf It bad nol  sheen for bis mother,'wfio'xviis sitting  tn tbe room, he .could have cried  Wednesday came, and still lie stuyed In  bed. Ou Thursday, though, he began  to think about the possibility of being  wen again by Saturday, and Friday  found him on his legs again. Then he  thought of what Aslang's'father had  said, "If you can get up'to her next  Saturday without being stopped by Canute and his men, the girl sliall he  yours," Over and over again he looked  up at nasally farm. "1 sliall never see  another Christmas," thought Thor.  As before mentioned, there xvns but  oin path up to Husaby hill, but surely  liny HtroPg. able fellow must be able to  got to It. even though the direct xvay  were burred to hlni. Kor instance,'If  lie wero to row' round the point yonder  and fasten his boat at the one side. It  might bo possible, to climb up there,  although it was so' vcrj" stoop tlint tho  gouts liud grout (lllliculty In climbing  It. mid they are not usually afraid of  mountain work.  Saturday came, and Thor xvent out  early in tlie '-morning. The day was  most beautiful. The sun .shone so  brightly that the x-ory,bushes seemed  alive. Up on the mountain many voices  were ''joining," and tlicre xvns much  blowing of horns. When evening came,  lie was sitting at his cottage door  xvatchlng the .steaming mist rise up on  the hills. Ho looked upward. All xvas  quiet. lie looked'over toxx-ard Husaby  farm, and then he jumped Into his boat  ami rowed away round the'point.  Ashmg -sat before the hut. Her day's  work was done. She xvns thinking Thor  would not come .'that evening and that  therefore many others might come Instead.'so she'unfastened the dog and  v Ithout saying anything xvnlked fnr-  tlici on. She sat down so that she  u'.ild see across the vnlley, but the  i.ilst was Using there and prevented  lier looking down. Then she chose  ���mother place and xvithout dunking  more about It sat doxvn so that she  looked toxv.ud tho side wliere lay tlie  tiord. : It seemed to bring pence to her  sour xvhen she, could gaze far away  across the: xvater.  As she sat there the fancy struck her  that she was Inclined to slug, so she  chose a song. with long drawn notes,  and far and wide it sounded!through  the mountains. She liked to hear herself singing, so she began over, again  ivhonthe lirstverse xvas ended. But  xvlioii she had sung the second it seemed to her as though some one nnsxx'erod  from far down below. "Dear mo, whnt  cun that ho?" thought Ashing. 'She  stepped forward to the edge and twined; hor arms around a slender birch  which hung trembling ovcr the precipice mid looked down. But she could  see nothing. The fiord lay there culm  und at rest. Not a single bird skimmed  the water. So Aslang sat herself doxvn  again, and egaln she began to sing.  Ouce moro came the answering voice in  the same tones and nearer than the  lli'st time. "That sound was no .echo,  whatever 11 may be." Aslang jumped  to; lier feet and again leaned over the  cliff, and there, doxvn bcloxv, at the foot  of the rocky wall, she saw a bout fas  teuod. It looked liko n tiny nutshell,  for It was very far doxvn. She looked  again and saw a fur cap and under It  tho ilgui'o of a man climbing up the  steeti and barren cliff.  "Who can it beV" Aslang asked herself, nud. letting go the birch, sho stopped hack. She dared not answer her  oxvn question, but well she knexv who  It xvas. She filing, herself down' oil the  greensward, seizing tho grass with both  hands, us though lt xvere she who dared  not loose hor hold for fear of fulling.  But the grass came up by the roots.  She screamed aloud and dug her hhiitls  deeper and deeper Into the soil. She  prayed to God to hei]) bin,.'but then lt  struck .-ber*that this feat' of Thor's  would be called '.'tempting Providence,"  and therefore he could not expect help  from above.  "Only Just this one!" she prayed.  "Hear- my prayer just this;one time  nnd help him!" Then she threxv her  arms round the dog, as though It wore  Thor whom she xvas clasping, and rolled herself on the grass beside it  The time teemed to her quite endless.  Suddenly the dog began ��� to bark.  "How wow!" said he to Aslaug and  jumped upon her, and again, "Woxv,  wow!" . Then over the edge of .theclill  a coarse, round cape came to view,  and���Thor was in her arms!  He lay there a whole minute, and  neither of them xvas capable of uttering a syllable, and when they did begin  to talk .there was neither: sense uot  reason In anything they snid.  But wheu old Canute Husaby heard  of;It'he uttered a remark xvhich had  lioth sense and renson.    Bringing his  A MOTHER'S SONG.  list doxvn on the table with a tremendous crush, "The lad deserves her!" be  cried.   "The girl shall be his!"  Our Flr��t Pottery.  ��� Dr. Daniel Coxo of London, proprietor and afterxvard 'governor of west  Jersey, xvas undoubtedly ithe first to  make xvhite ware on this side of the  Atlantic. While he.did,not come'to  America himself, lie caused a poller)  to lie erected at Burlington, N. J., pie  vlous to tlio yeur 101)0, 'through Ills  ngoiif .lohn Tiitlinm. xvho, xvlth Daniel  Coxo, his son, looked after his large  Interests here. It Is recorded that In  KiOl; Dr. Coxo sold to the West Nexv  Jersey society of London..consisting, of  ' forty-clglit pcr-oiis. Ills entire interests  In the province, Including a dwelling  house nud jiottory house, with all the  : tools, for tho sum of 10,000.  Speed of One Ocenn Current.  Some time ago the llgureheail of a  ship,was picked up near a little island  off the const of  Western  Austiallit,  xvhich,' from the course It xvas pursuing  xvlion' found  had evidently only jusl  j arrived there. 'It xvns Identified as'bc;  louglng to a vessel thnt hud been burned nt sea near Capo Horn, nt n point  'just (i.OOO miles axvay, txvo years and a  :half before.   The,mean rate at,whlcli  tiie 'figurehead mid traveled xvas there  fore about six miles and a half a day,  and this may be takeu us being the  speed of the particular current xvliicb  bad borne lt along.  While .vou sleep I, watching; hear,  Little hearts, ho>v..troii?.)'OU belt  With the pure youug life-blood 6\veet,  Unpolluted yet by fear  Till my own proud pulses leap  While you sleep.  Hid behind the fast closed eyes  XVbat entranced dreams must He!  Many a lovely fantasy  Veiled from us wlio are urown wi"e���  We, who soim-linifs watch and weep  XViiile you sleep.  Little hands thul closely hold  Favorite toys width soothrd your rest.  Ilure a doll claspi'd to the breast.  There a book'vvllh laic oft told,  1 All your treasure ilile lo keep  XVhilc you sleep.  While you sleep the calm dark night  l*;i��*is by so crurll.v List,  Little ticarisl . Time scchis so vast;  Love Is Mln to hold you Unlit  One more kiss; away 1 cicep  Wliile you sleep.  '���^-Constance Farinar ln Chambers' Journal.  ���   ���   .'.!-.��. ���  i FALSELY  ACCUSED \.  ���   ���   ��� * o\f*  George Parsons mid I wore enemies  from the first. Wo did not afliliate as  boys in the village school, nud as xxe  passed .together into the higher grades  we became even loss friendly. We did  not use1 our lists on, each other, but  xvithiu ench breast there still rankled  the .-remembrance ' of unsettled old  scores. Later on xx-e bestoxx-od our af-  fectlon^ upon the same lady. Laura  Marshall xvas not a coquette, but it  seemed to take her a lo<jj; time to make  up her mlud which one xx-as to be the  happy mau. When her choice wns announced, Ptirsonswus furious, and we  had bitter xvords before xvitnesses.  One dny our townspeople were startled by'the announcement that Parsons  had disappeared; His business affairs  were prosperous, and everything wns  in good order. Ho xvas a reticent sort  of fellow, but had he left of his oxvn  accord he xvould naturally have left  some xvord with his clerk or at his  boarding placo, but none conld be  found.': As time passed the mysterious  disappearance became tho one topic of  conversation In our. village.  ���;. On the morning It became known 1  discharged our servant ihnld for a frequent neglect of duty. She xvas chagrined at her dismissal aud soou spread  stories that were founded partly ou  facts. My xvlfe had been seen liienrnest  ..'conversation..xxith Parsons tlie'prevlous  day, .we had a little tiff at the toatal'lc,  and I'had not returned home that night  till quite late. It wns plajn to be seen  that public opinion was forming against  nie, ns it became necessary that some  one must be suspected to give the gossiping tongues an occupation.  In less than a xveek somo boys found  a man's body in the river just below  the village. It had apparently been In  the water but a short time, but the face  had been eaten by'eels or beaten out of  human shape. The skull had been  broken by a blow,' and the medical examiner proved, to his own satisfaction  at least, that the man had been killed  before being thrown Into the wnter. It  seemed to require no effort to identify  the remains as those of George Parsons, uud It xvas but natural that my  arrest should follow.  I xvas as willing as any oue that my  trial ��� should take place at once, confident that my, Innocence would 'somehow he proved despite the cireuiustan  tinl evidence which ,wus gathering  against me. Accordingly the case xvns  entered at the term of court then in  session. As I recall the'testimony I do  not think a single witness, unless it be  our former servant, testified, to any  thing but the truth.  My wife had fallen ill, but her testl  mony, even if it could have been admitted, would have proved more against  than for mo. It xvas easily determined  that' Parsons and I were unfriendly,  that xve had quarreled, that I xvas jealous of my wife for speaking to him and  that It would be to uiy business advantage and domestic peace to have lilm  ouf of the xvay. '  Could I have proved that I passed  the hours from 8 till 11 o'clock on the  night that Parsons disappeared in walk-  lag upon a lonely roud nil,the other  testimony xvould have been' worthless,  but-I did not remember-meeting n.sin-  gle person abroad that night after 8  o'clock. When I returned home, the  streets xvere deserted. I xvas harassed  about business matters, vexed With my  wife nnd suffered from headache, but  xvhen I explained this It xvas evident  tbat my story xvas not credited.  My counsel xvas nn old hnd tried  friend of my youth, but he did not possess the ability to shoxv. the jury the  flimsy; character of the evidence of tho  prosecution. It xvas ngulnst his ml vie e  that the case had been put on trial so  curly, but so confident wns I of acquittal that 1 did not realize on what pre-  cai'iotifi ground-1 stood.* I folt that lu  some way my Innocence xvould be proved, although I stood almost alone lu my  belief. The trial xvns a brief ono, and  the arguments of the laxvyets xvere  soon finished. To these and the charge  of the Judge.I listened like one In n  triuice. The Jury passed out. and u  fow friends came to me with words of  cheer and hope.  ��'    ' ��� 0 -���'''���-'.���>'.��  Hark!,The Jury is returning. Surely  thoy eaiinot have untile up their.minds  In so short o tlino to condemn a fellow  man'to llfii Imprisonment; In response  to a request from the Judge I staud up  nnd face the July; -Theie is.'not n  I'i loudly countenance umotig the txvelvo..  I barely hear the ominous xvoni  "Guilty!" which the foreman speaks.  Tho shock Is so unexpected that I  bcarcely realize the meaning oi tlie  JtiiliCe'R cruel words as be pronouuees  the.sentence of Imprisonment for life.  The hour Is late, and he is anxious to  be at home. Ho has no compassion for  me. They lend me buck to my cell,  and, thanks to some unknown friend  xvho drops a potion In" my coffc-e. X  soon fall asleep. Uxhausted natuie can  stand the strain no longer.  I am aroused In the 'early inoi-nin-;,  and a few friends'conic ln to say farewell. They realize'the situation'more  fully thnui dor*A short railway journey, �� rule In a lioxllla* carriage, imd  the prison Is reucheil. I answer. - lew  questions mechanically mid exchange,  my clothing fur the striped dies-, of u  convict. With uu olllcer I pass iloxvit a  flight of steps and through a long corridor lighted by a single Hume.; I mil  pushed Into u small, (lark. Ill smelling  cell and for theili'st tiinc realize that  the judge's last words to me xvc-rc.  "And tlie first day thereof'shall .be lu  solitary confinement."  Uverythlng bus been a dream up to.  this moment, hut the nwakening Is terrible. As'I hear the last echo of. the re-"  treating footsteps I .comprehend' iny  position���alone In prison, it seems a*  If 1 shall go mad.' A feeling of suffocation overcomes me us In. vain I .attempt  to cry out and'clutch ut the bare stonewalls. My bead throbs as if it shall  burst. The xvildest thoughts crowd to.  my brain in a confuted mass. 1 do not  comprehend them. My blood coursea  through my veins like rivulets of molten file?, burning the flesh nt each  pulsation. How ; long tlie paroxysm  lasts I know not, as in the darkness  I can take, no note of time, but .when I  grow calm I think out the couise of the-  trial.  The long hours pas's away until it  deems as If the night lias come. I Unci  a can of xvater and gratefully cool my  parched throat. Then I seek to lie-  down for the lilglit. but the cell Is too  small. Tlie ..light, .apparently''', groxvsi  dim, and in a ciampod position I try to  get a littlcjslcop. Again wild thoughts  surge through my brain, but at last I  lose consciousness.  Again I am xvide.awnke., How long I  have slept I know not, but I am cold  and doze until It seems as if thenight  xxill never end. 1 never experieucecl  one so long before. The silence Is op.  press!ve. Thete is a rush of cold air,  and 1 feel that another day has dawned. 1 remember tliat I have eaten,nothing since entering the prison, nnd also  that a loaf of. bread lies beside the can  of xvater. I clutch it ravenously, but  thiiinouthfiils choke inc.'Must I goon,  day after day, in this prison? Is there  no help for me? [low sloxv the hours '  pass! Have *ln\v ioigottcn me in iny  solitary cell, and will it become my  grave? Oh, for the sight of a living  face or tlie sound of u human voice,  even if it Is but to mge mo on to haidet  tasks. Willingly will 1 work if I can  only be among oilier men. .  After I have almost lost all hope ot  escape 1 .hear footsteps approaching.  At last the houi- of my deliverance i��'  at hand.   Hoxv Icing it takes the Jailer  to reach my cell! lie is walking slowly.  He halts befoie my door and deliberately inserts the key    The bolts move-  slowly, the door swings opon, aud I  step forth.   1 devoutly offer a mental-  pr.tyci of thankfulness.   I follow my  conductor and soon stand lu the presence of the warden, who ginsps my  hand, saying: "I  liax'e good news foe  j on.   You are free."  1 tottered and would have fallen hatT  an ollicer not assisted me. I cannot realize that my imptisonment Is at' anj  end. L       '       ��  M.x amazement Is even greafer'wnen'.  Gi'oige Parlous come forvvuid. but in  the hearty handshake tbat follows wa  lii'-ome friends. His story Is soon told.  Ue had locoivod a letter stating that  his uncle xvus senouslx 111 iu a neighboring state and wished to see him. At  first he determined to start the folloxving day; but found that by walking  across to a junction he could take an  expiess train thut night.  Hastily preparing for the journey, ho  wrote a letter of explanation for his  clerk, hut it was laid in a book and not  found until his return.' He.found ids  uncle dying, but arrived lu time to receive his blessing and a fortune; It now  became necessary for him to make a  Journey west, and he.leftimmediately.  Not uutll his.return home.dld.be leum  of the supposed tragedy uud be lost, no  time in coming to the prison to release  me. '  "I have telegraphed to the governor,"-  -the warden snlilr"and If you gentlemen   will step In nnd take dinner 'with inb  you may take the ��� afternoon��� train for  home. It will be an unusual sight,": ho  added jocularly.  "But," I asked, "how can wo reach  home tonight? There is no train to our  place on Sunday."  He looked ntine in .astonish ment'."  "Hoxv long do you suppose you have  been in prison?";asked the vvai'don.  ''About, twenty-l'otir hours.",,  "You. wore lu the. solitary forty-fiy��  minutes," was tlio reply. ,_,  But it was the longest (lily of-my life,  They. Wen- l-*nr Suit..  "Now," snld the Inssj old gcntlemnn,  putting one of the biggest heriios In his  mouth and picking up another, "whut  Is the sense of having thai sign read,  Trosh Berries l*'or Sale? Don't you  see thnt ..'.fresh.. Herrles'- would he  enough? Don't .xou suppose thiit everybody kiioxvs'they siie'for sale?'"   '"'  "1 < tlunno," answered the fruiterer.  "Some folks seem to think I'm giving  them axvay." ��� ��� i   <,.  And the, old gentleman put the berry,  back In the box. ^  '     Never Felt II. '    '    v  "Didn't you tell mo that you nox-er  expected to touch another drop ot in-,  toxical ing liquor?" asked the judge.  "Well." answered the horrible example, "I might us well not have touched  It.   I sx\allowed It so quick 1 never felt  lL"-W��ShlUCl<*4 "1>K THE INDEPENDENT.  SATTUEDAT- .\ FEBRUARY 8, IMS  III'  i-  7, !  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY  IN TIIE INTERESTS OF THK MASSES  BV  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT      OF     FLACK     BLOCK,  HASTINGS  STREET,  VANCOUVER, 1>. C.  SL'IJSCIlll'TlONS JN  ADVANCB.  A week. ."> rents; month, 13 cents: tliroo  mouths, A" ci'iiti,; hlx iiuiiiths, t__ cunts;  one jeur, trl.l^i.  EKDOltSIH) HY TUE TRADES AND  LAIiUR COUNCU., TIIK VAJNCOU-  Vlilt UMiOR I'.XRTY AND THE  UbiLDING  TRADES COUNCIL  SATURDAY RCI'ltl'AUY S, 1002  Ttlt NtW ENGLAND Tlbil CO.  T'he- functions of a Ixrinl ol trade  .ire MipiicKed to be thu ciin*.orvlin" .mil  pioiuoiing of the comiiieicial interests  o�� ihe cuinimunity In xvhich it exists.  This .does not ��pply in Viiivouvcr. Our  clfete Institution .-.pernls 'the most of its  ii me In knot l.i>m legltlni.ile iiulus-ti-ios  nml piumoting uhe iiitpresits of com-  jnereif-.l scluniei-s. \Vc rcior, for oie  in.it.-.nce, to 'tihe- meeting luiil by the  ibo:i,rd ot" tiriiilc l.i*-l vv eek which Prof.  Prince a.nd Mr. .Maxwell, M. P., iU-  U-ndf-il. Dvep sea lishencs wus Mio  subject under (l.;si-u*--.tion ;iinl tho whole  afTalr wus <i coverl nittnek ujk>ii tho  Now Kngkiml Fi*.-h oomp.iny. This Is  denied iby members or the lm.ird ot  trade. Hun ihe- s.-ciucl at Vk toi i.i  proves Mini Hie :i.*'��ei lion is coim-i  It is all a. scheme oi foine unscrupulous  canneia to prevent ilihis conip.uiy irom  operating, itJiait they may gnili the  .tiMKlo. Of course wc do not expect that  mucin attention .will be ipnid tn the representations m'.'nle, opeci.illy xvh"ii  the cilibic of Wie men Interested ara  conlsidoicd. Fan ell and Tregcnt, the  Bell-lrvings, Pinor, Lugi-ln, et ul., .uo  not men Hunt nhould h.uvo much  weight. There- would not 'bo il white  man in the lisliing business if 1'iey  had their xvay, theiefore the government .should beat itlheni vvith .scant  courtesy, lot alone grant 'thein an/  pilvileges. Of the company whioh they  are secretly iitUoolcing, we Ihave this lo  say: It Js oC more value to this city  and province than all it'heca.ii'nei-ies operated by this Japanese-loving outfit.  Now let us see, briefly, what the op.  ercrtiioiLs of 'the New* Eiigiand Fish Co.  (from this ipurt means to 'the c-ity ft  Vancouver:  TUiey enijiloy bPtvvn-n 100 und 120  men.  There lis not. a Chinaman or a .lap In  their employ.  Tlhe fishermen earn $1C0 a month and  over, besides itiholi- 'board, xvhile thiy  are away from Vancouver.  A large proportion of 'the men err.  ployed   are   married   men   and   their  Jiomes are in Vancouver.  iTlhey 'buy all their (bait from white  men.  All supplies, such as grub, tuokle, Ice  and a hundred and one other things nre  purchased right here in ithe oily. These  amount ito high figures every month.  IDuring the year xve 'Understand they  flay a Canadian road, .the C. P. iK., over  JIOO.OOO for freight.  (Let us ask the grafters how many  Ibruslness Instltiuitlons there are in this  iprovhice xvho can sh'ovv 'tllie same record.  Thu Independent holds no brief fir  the New Bingloind Fish Co., but vve  must protest when the ���canners "sang'';  try to drlv-e out of the iproviinoe one of  our Ibest 'business 'institutions.  ���At-Viotoria,-on Monday last.-Mi-.-Lu-  gnln, editor af the Colonist und political valet to Premier Dunsmuir, addressing 'the 'board of trade of that  city, unged that this company be sh'it  off by the government, aind moved a  resolution 'to that effect. This vvas  seconded by Uol. Prior. X'lutoi-i.i Is  Jealous that Vancouver should have  such u substantial industry.  This "pains" Is much concerned about  Canadian rlphls In the winters vvilwe  (this company operates. Under t'he  present antonprenici't <\iniulii relln-  /l ul (flies none of her right*.  With the present coiirpiiny they oin-  1>loy nothing ibut white men. If the  winners "gang" could drive those ip.'o-  i��le out thoy would '-mploy nothing bin  Japanese and Chinese.  MB. CttLL-IBVINfl AND rACTft.   ,  We notice In the News-Advertiser of  fieb. 2nd a letter from M. BelMrvlng,  a, fatuntbte ot the executive commute*.  of the Fraser River Gunners Association. In thla ithe gentleman referred  to eulogises the morning newspaper for  its IvJewfl on the salmon .fishery ques-  ftjona, and we may say im passing the  course of the Nevvs-Adxwrtlser commands .the admiration of all the cannons. Air. Bell-Irving seems to Ihave  taiken exception io .some expressions- of  incredulity that mere made by the  spectaitoiia .when ihe gave his evidence  before the commission, and tries to explain iby "plain hard facts." Then the  floodgates of his poetic soul open In  pity for tha poor 'Wlnlte lisherman.  "He 'hnlli a tear for pity, and a blind  open ni day for molting charity." Nn v  Mr. Hell-Irving hns osil.iblli-hoJ the s'l-  pei-Ioi-lty of the Japanese (Ifherme-n by  1>W fui-t.s .to his own s-.itlsruction, no  doubt. .A eiuvful scrutiny ��f thi's?,  however, by the observant render will  loid to the conclusion that his llgui'e.x  aigite nothing it nut the condemnation  of hlnu-i-lf and u.--.ooll.ites for tholr  li-oiiitnic-nt ot" the white fishermen.  When the xxihllc.s and Inilluns are quoted :is owning ro lew of theli own boats  It -.-Imply mean.*- that the business has  been m> unroiiiiineiiitl'Ve lor tlieni th.it  they 'have been unable io afford tho  outlay. .Votwithsi'inilinir 'the icpre-  fvntitlons hy the canners that the  ll.��ho'iiion have always made such huge  earnings. As to the number of boats  which lie n.'-.'-'Pls are owned by the  .Inpanes-e, 11 would 'be interesting to  know Oiovx- many sea-ion*- it took the  avcnige Jap lo pay the i.iiiiicr for his  outfit, ln ono linn cf c.inncis alone,  vve nro aware tha't the .ln|un"*-e were  indebted to it al the beginning ot Inst  season to the tun,? of f 10,000. a result  of the previous year's operations. This  emphasises not only 'the- illl-condltlo.i  of the llshcimen, but it .ic-lutes Mr.  llell-lnviiis's iiN-ei-tliin 'that .the dinners were inclined to lavor their own  countrymen unlets, indeed, these gentlemen claim brotherhood to the yellow-  race. Wo challenge the canners' to  f-hovv one instance In the history of  the Industry where the .white flshc-rin'in  lec-eiveil udvaiioes approaching the  amount just quoted.  In supponl of his argunionl thai the  number of the c.inncis license.-, should  not be retlced, Mr. Hell-Irving .slates  the number of cannery-owned boats as  more 'thum those po.-sessed by the 'IK'i-  ei-incn. lie should also have explained  I'll it .ill 'Uie ���canners kept hunts ay will  jus nets on hand, and disposed of these  at a good .pi-olll or leL lUiein out on a  lay, on 'even more advantageous terms.  On nets a clean piolit of l.'i per con:,  .is realized on 'tlieir sale to fishermen.  The vaJue of all Mr. Tic-11-Ii'ving's  ".hard facts" xvill be found to he x-eiy  enmparailix-c wlien fulrly viewed. He  seeks latterly In his communlcellon to  show- 'tihe superiority of tlie Japanese  ovpi- tlhe whites ns fishei-men, by figures  which���toe we accept as correct���would  seem almost Indisputable, but "Trti'jh  .severe, dn fairy fiction dres-t." H'  i-ay.s: "For iihc week ending Aug. <th.  111C0: "WhiLemen anil Iiuliams averaged per ibo.ut for the week, 30 fish;  Japanese averaged iper 'boat for tihe  week, 93 llsh." He forgot to mention  that on: ithe ivveelc ho quotes many of  tihe white ilislierinen did not have two  days' fishing, while the majority could  not Have had -more than three. This  vv'���ia'f()r ithe very simple reason that  the xvell remembered strike of WOO Wis  not settled until July 31st. Mr. Dell-  Ivvlng cannot lie accused of possessing  any overwhelming ability, or he must  haiv�� iknoxvn that such "hard facts" us  these were too transparent to find ere  dance. However anxious he might be  lo justify/to the pulblic ihis remarks before the fishei-y commission he must  kinow thait misrepresentation! does not  mallei hlis position any more enviable.  Joe Martin still lives to deny the reports of ihis political death.  Vote for Blackinoie for alderman for  i  No. 1 ward.   He's a .good nun.        ���  The   Victoria contingent of   liberals  won't .play Ir. Vancouver's back yard  A'Ulay 'Morrison, M. P., iln nil llkeli  hood xvill be the next Chief justice of  this province.  Toryism or liberalism���whichever you  like���may now be had in parcel lots  on application to the secretary of tho  Donnybrook Fair, held iby tlho liberal <.  The Victoria Board of Trade on Mon  day carried u resolution to'petition O'.-  tpwa -aaklng permission to operate fljii  traps, pur��e and drag seines, and gill  net* of unlimited length, on Vancou-  .vpr and adjacent islands; nlso tlint a  separate ''nulling district" be establish  ed coveting above 'territory.  One would think iby 'reading tint  some of the alleged liberals had u corner on liberalism, nnd considered that  no tory had a right to any of the wtuff.  Vide Wilson on  Bod woll.  been given to one daily ;���$ being the  official organ of the -city xve would not  Icldk, but when it Is "fanned" out to  three vve hold that the xvfeelclles, mentioned should have their share. The'  fact of the whole matter Isthe council wants to stand In xx-lth the dallies,  so they xvill be let down easy in the  reports of the council proceedings  They know that The'Independent can't  be bought hy a Utile bit of Advertising. 1 oth the Advocate and Inil'ipiii-  i*cnt pay tuxes nnl g'x"e JuM us much  five advertising lo the city in pi-opo.--  tlon ii-s do all the dailies, and then-lore  ���no entitled to their ���"hare ��f city a.l-  veitislng, not as a matter of favor o:  cl'ii-lty, but fi om :i iKiint ot tal.' play  iuhI Justice.  The "brainy" aldermen of the Vancouver city council should be praised  for their economical 'turn or mind���we  don't think. They thought they rose  manfully to the occasion xvhen the city  iidvertislng was up, amd no gave it all  to the dailies, and promptly sat upon  Hie Mount Pleasant Advocate and Tho  Independent.    If the advertising bad  A "National" ea.-ih register Is a painful sight to :i union man wlien lie enters a store or bar wheie It Is.  Hon. Senator Tenipleiiiiin has been r  commended by the Victoria Board of  Trade to be made minister ot marine  and llshei-les. Itlohanl Hnll, M. P. P.,  and Col. Prior, ex-member of the Tupper ministry, made tho resolution. The  good grits and tories pull together Hire  b:others when 'the interests of canners  are jeopardized iby that fellow Maxwell o�� Jlurrurd.  The majority of the members of the  Victoria city council h.ive decided to  pay themselves for then' sei vices. .-.,11112  ail they do in Vnncover. Tlie Times  believes in the scheme and say that  "to secure ellieient xvorkors 111 nil  circles of governinciiU'l ac-tiv itv xve  must pay for ll.elr time. Perhaps .'om:  one will be kind enough to point out  why a distinction ihoulil be nnulc lis  between lcgislntois ot 'high and tnose  uC low- degiee." If the people of Victoria have the s._tne cxipr-rlencc xvith  paid aldermen as Vancounir, wc ipity  them from the bottom of our lie.tn-t.  STREET SWEEPERS.  We hnive been in formed -by one nf the  mi-11 that the reports appearing in tlie  daily press regarding an alleged sti ike  by the street sweepei's recently nie  false and greatly exaggerated. It appeal's that there xvere -seven men engaged at this work, but they inrc-Iy  get in full time anil the work is vefy  hard. The wages paid are-$1.50 for  nine hours, lost time docked.  Some of the men earn only about Jj 111  the fortnight. This, to say the least,  is a disgrace to the city. If Mie v.-oik  Isn't worth a living wage It isn't worth  anything. On the day In question the  men were told in ithe morning that thiy  could go to work tn the afternoon.  'Some or .the men live on .Mount Pleasant, and the weather being bad and  the distance they had' to walk so far  thoy decided mot to go to work that  alftei-noon. That was till there was to  the "great" strike. If our dailies vvou.d  not pay quite so much attention to  little thlnga and be so ready to take  advantage of 'the helpless 'by 'publishing such scurrilous reports it would he  ���moie 'honorable on their ipart. The  street sweepers resent the stigma .that  'tlhey 'are working on mere charity work.  Furthermore, 'tlhe street sweeping machine Is a pronounced failure. It's all  riRht on smooth ipavemcnts in dry  weather, ibut it's no good to do good  effective work. 1'fs up lo you, Mr. Aldermen, to raise the pay of these men.  LABOR STOCK COMPANY.  The Woodmen of the World have  formed a stook company <tt Harrloon  River, 'xvliiloh (.hows that labor combined makes capital. After fluey had or-  gaized a camp It was necessary to  'have a jplace of meeting, as there wu:  r.o hall in the town. A stock company was formed 'by the members,  eaoh taking as many shares as they  could spare the money for, which ranged rrom $3 to $45 eaoh. And in eonsc.  quence 'they have a $..00 hall. The  shares are negotiable .to Woodmen of  the World only, redeemable by the  cauip, thug ln-t!me the hall-vvlll (belong  entirely to the camp. This proves that  organized labor ihas capital, lt It w.ts  only promoted niul carried out. iM.iny  young single and married men wilh  families are working .for salaries .that  more than puy their expenses, thus  leaning them a '.surplus. If this xvere  put Into iitook In some oretenprlslng affair it xvould relurn to them a. ipi-oflt,  besidos furnishing employment for  themselves. We iilnd that liillHonair.'S  Invariably form stook companies lo  promote enterprises, 'and Bucceed with  them from ihe reason that "In: unity  there In si length." More 'than that,  when these- men meet and talk aver  their 'liuHtncHH th*.y ihave 'the minds of  more than one to promote the business. -How of 1 en do we see a Urm 'that  Ih owned .ind managed hy one or two  men, and we them fall for the reason  tihat 'all men -are not endowed with all  the faculties that Is required to make  a success ln business. They may be  faithful wonkera and hoivest men, and  at the same time may be unfit for  business. An old saiw ia, "Two heads  are 'better than one, elven If one *��-<a  ghtwp'a head."   We might sit and talk  I The Store i  J with a Purpose!  2     Looking  hncl.vvnrd,   the  reason  ��� of this store's existence (deckled  i nine years ngo) was a good one.  t lie felt, niul vve think we have  j piovi.'ii to homo extent, xhni  I   there is room  in this M-/  for H  t slot 1! that, selli sutisfactoiy 11111.I-  ities on 11 small mnr^iu of |-io-  i lit. I'roin the very bojiin'iinij wc  I worked (aind to the host 01 cur  T ability) on the |>riuciplo thut tlio ^  ��� store that buy-, largest can sell ���  f   the  cheapest,   the storo  thut    is  i lini-t fair wilh it*.- ciistiim'.-i-t und  ^ give-, tho lii"<t xtiluCH is _[(>iii_; to  i got thu greatest, amount ol tiade  T   Tin: same pi'ineiplo applies to.lay.  ��� l!eeau-e  this Store is tlio lii|-j!e<t  ��� Dry floods Stoio in tho city, do  t   itni   oxcrluok   llie    fact    wo   uie  A  tlying  to  get  your trade  by-of-  ^ I'eiing  .vuu  (|iiulitic>s  that   satisfy i  i' ni,  prices  you   will  certainly    bo**  i   '.iiii'-lieil   with;   for  our  policy   isy  ��� tn -ntisfy our customers, a pul-1  T lev lhat hns cuused us to cy.-1  $ lend our store s-pneo to tliico^  ^ times  the extent it wns tl years A  ;  9  9 CdRllUCr  lllJKSS l'Oli       9  ��� WOMUN. f  ��� ���  ty ITO    Coidovn     St.,    Vancouver.^  NOTICI3 IS GIVEN that iippllcat'on will  be made to the Parliament of Canada,  at its next sittings, for leave to ineor-  poi.iiu a company called tho "Coast  Y'likon Kailvviiy," to construct, equip, and  opeiale a railway from a point, at or  ucai Kitiuiaat Inlet, Douglas Channel;  Ihencw tn a point on tho Yukon rlyer,  Iheiici* by the most feasible route to  TJawsun.  WITH FOXX'EiIl to construct and own  boats, docks and wharves; telegraph and  leli phono lines: and to generate electric  powti- fui- beating, lighting and motive  power; and I'or leave to collect tolls, and  in make traflic. airangejnonts Incidental  to  ihe .-aid  lallway.  Bated .it Vancouver, B. C��� this ast  day of January, 190i  D. O. MACnONTOIJl.,,  Solicitor for Applicants.  Notices.  NOTICE I? IIEKUHV (IIVKN THAT AT Till:  next icg ilar billing of the Ilottnl of Liceimu  Couniii-oHMie-rs for the City of Vancouver 1  shnll npply for 11 irimsfer nf llie Hotel Lieeie-c,  "mv liiciiieil Ciirilova street vvesi, hnoivit us the  WiniNor hut"l, lothe premises,sltuittcclon Lelb  ���1 mnl ti. Hiuck y, subilivhioii of District Lm  611, 72s liriu-illu street, iu the tiud cily of Vnn-  ' ouver.  (-iined.) JOHN HOKN>:i,I..  X'aiieouier, J in. 30, 1902.  a long t'lme Ibefore vve could get a government to thin'k that way, or even  tlhe majority of a government. Hut we  only need 'to impress nibout a ihundrej  vvoilking mer. 'in Vancoulver and vicinity with tho fact t'hat they could boait  of a factory or an enterprise that xvould  he ia credit 'to the province. There are  many different entenfiises that have  not been .introduced here in the -ivcfit  for which the facilities here are unsurpassed. If a company of capitalists  can succeed why not a company ol  buboi-ens 'themselves. I would like to  hear from others.        SUBSORIBEIt.  OH'A DWIOK-SMITM.  'A very pretty xvedd.ng took pla^e  at the 'residence of M. C. Myers, of  Harrison Hiver, last Monday evening.  R. J. Chadiwiok, of Harrison, and Miss  M. A. Smith, of Ohilllwa'ek, daughter of  Mi-s. Andrew* Smith, East Chilllwack,  were .united in marriage. Relv. _MadiH,  of 'Mission, officiated. Tho bride was  handsomely attired In a wedding gown  of nob grey silk. Miss F. Frederick  acted as bridesmaid and Mr. T. Mo  Giveron as groomsman. A large number of guests' were present. The cere  mony over, .the party xvas escorted to  tlhe Woodman's hull, where there xvas  a crowd of friends waiting lo congratulate the ir/ewly wedded coupl-2.  After ithe ���wedding cake had ibeen cut  und passed around the dance was opened iby Mr. and Mire. Ohadwiclc leading  In 'the wedding march. The many valuable presents and congratulations pre.  sonted 'by 'their friends prove their  .popularity. Mr. ChadwicOc holds a good  iposltion In the factory at Harrison  TMil'lSrxv'hlcli lie"li__s~eorned'by'hls-at-  tentlon to business. Mr. and Mrs.  Ohad'Wiek will make Harrison 'their  home Indaflnitely. The Independent  sends greetings along vvith the pro  vonblal slipper.  s*fe4u^6fe^fted/^MiA OHunJi^  ���fly,  Wlu/i' ��aW*1<y~P7i&tfs. ^  '>���*�����'��<*'������������������� ����������������������������������'��*����*���������� ����������0����  ���: Wait a  incite!  ���  * a day���o, month. Is .tlie common excuse. It was what the captain  of a vessel said���on returning from 'the (voyage he iwould Insure. But  he never came back. The vessel xvas .xvreoked; he xvas tost; his family  xvas stranded,  too, /financially,   by his .procrastination.  No other time ls equal to the pitelsent moment for Life Insurance in  cost and opportunity, and no policies surpass those of the Union  Mutual In 'Privileges iind values.  (Details sent free. . " ��� '  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  .'  ��� >���������������������������������������������'�����������������'�����*����������������.������<  ������e  The CluesfioD of Fit  ���������  Never needs to keep men from wearing our Clothing.   They must fit or you*  mnsn't take them���just so as to style, clolh and appearance.   We buy the best ,  materials mado in Europe or America, selected by experts of long experience and  trained observers of fashion's changes.   Our largely increased and increasing business shows that they are right.   Why not avail  yourtelf of this opportunity to '  drc-s well and save "money.        ���  Prices $10.00, $12.00 and $15.00 and upward per suit.  CLLBB   fr   STEWART,  Telephone 702.  160 Cordova Street.  FIREMAN"S B.VLI..  lihe annum) Ilrenien's 'hall held Thursday night ln tlie city hall was a great  success, some 100 couples taking part.  Sharp at 9.15 o'clock -the f_rand mur-.-h  was led off .by Chief and Mrs. Carlisle.  W. F. Findlay noted as flow manager,  aind Iteynolda' orchestra, supplied the  music. At midnight a recess wax taken  for HUPI>er, after which dinnclng was  resumed and 'kept up until an early  hour In itihe morning.  The Iudependbnit had the pleasure cf  a call from an old war horse in trades  unionism���Tully Snyce, of Nanalmo.  He li In attendance at the liberal convention.  PARIS GRBEN. HBLAjSOBORB  AND WHALB OIL EOAP for tb* extermination of the CUT WORM aad  other ineeeto���for ���___��� by \b�� McDowell, Atfctae, WatsoD Oaecvwar, TiM  Divcyiot^ Vancouver.  BEAUTiriJL W4TCH  FREE  ABSOLUTELY   HtEE.  DO YOU WANT TO BARN A BEAUTIFUL, WATOH (for men or ladies)  by using only a few moments of your spare time?   Everyone xvaiits a watch  and vve offer a BEAUTIFUL ONE AR SOLUTEDY FREE for Introducing our^  Miracle Pills.   Boys or girls can eanin tliese xvatohes Iby sparing a 'few moments of their time after school.   Send 11s at once your name and address and v  vw xvill send you one dozen boxes ot our Miracle Pills, vvihloh xve Ihave advertised so muoh.   Sell these at 50e. a box and send us $6.00   .by   registered  mail and we will send you FREE the xvatoh which xve 'know will please yon.  Everybody xvho has received one has ibeen delighted.     The   watch to filled  case and fully guaranteed for one year.   Our pills are the best remedy known-  for Dyspepsia,  Heart Trouble,  Constipation, 'Nervous Diseases, Indigestion,  Blood Diseases, etc.   "Tliey are easily sold."    Do   not delay, *but'send your  name at once and xve xvlll send you the Miracle Pills "and if ull description ,of  tlie beautiful wateh.   WRITE TO-DAY SO AS TO BE TTH'E FIRST ONE TN  YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD TO BEGIN' WOKKING FOR US.  "  To those xvlshtng to get the watch with the pills, if they send ois a money  order for $3.00, 'being a. reduction of $1.00 we will send iboth the pills and  the watch.   WRITE PDAINiLY.  R. COTE fr C1E,  Bfc,   Rimouski Couofi|, Quebec  SPECIAL OFFER���Should you desire to see a sample box of our pills we  will send a full SOc box to everybody sending us 10c in stamps. Mention'  this paper. - .. >���  >     - '<���' <  The"  ���  JE  Haviqgthe Only Up-to-Date Grill Boom  in B. 0. which In itself ia a guarantee  olaFlrsUClasa Hotel andBeataurant..  Seymour Streeet,  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS.  All saltan at On R. C 1.9. A. ua iktw Ifcli ard.  Aik hr It ��*������ Bakbl jmt Mntatct.  aataoaaaa mt thc * r.irL  maatmaa aa-niH, ti��.  COLOR IS CHANSCD EACH OUARTCR.  Good only darior montbi naroail on rijhl  hand comer and whtn properly algaed and  ���TADPID with tbe nnmbar of tha Local. ���  UNION. BAKEXUm     ,  W. D. Mulr, Mount Pleasant.  IW. Murray, Prior Btreot.  Montreal Bakery, Westmlnater avenue.  P.' Adams, Scotch. Bakery, Ha*tl����o  street.  IW. D. Kent, .08 Cordova street.  J. Oben, Hastings atreet  UlBcken Oo., Granville atreet  B��nnrell Bra��., OrainDle _rtr����t  jAXTgtta A TPaiipflr, Or��|ivil*�� otta/tr,  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The   price   is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  . Once   used, always  ' used.   Apply at Of-. ,  ,  fice of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  T*�� It_4eyend��nt wsnta a report aa  tavia. vattm iMdl__B�� um earns oooem-n-  km Htm umuAhnu ot ���Terr'on��iii>��tioB.  Bvtoa. ttfftPtm And __��*��� wlH do sauob to  rartaim mat. erctkto IctePtot (a th* or-  tfinimtifim S��raitart��B cm ��R)_M_teQr  �������_�� ����� oead Ib Umm mw(4 *ta%  isn traaa aar asa__tair <tf aa i -SATUJIDAY FEBRUARY S, 1902  i-  I  It*  w;-_  THE INDEPENDENT.  .We should 'thMc you would. We dion't see how any person oan got  ���through the world mlahout a pair of Shoes. Tour feet deserve to be made  ��� comfortable and you neglect the first principles of. comfort' If you" fall to  ��� wear our shoes.  THE  GOLDEN  BOOT STORE,  13 Hastings St. E.  , A Union Clerk xvlll xvnlt on you.  n. A. URQUHART,  Hardware,  Stoves,   Ranges,   Etc.  35  Blastings Street  East.  ���seoMecitteeeeeawMMeaMccceTOMeoeceMCMMee  0  9  . ��  By Smoking g  'Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers/' "Spanish Blossom" t  They aro tho best in the land and made bv  Union Labor in  ��  KURTZ & CO.'S PIONEER CIGAR FACTORY I  VANCOUVER V.. C. ��  �� ��!8P"C!ill for them and see that you yet them. ��  WILSOMM) LOWUPIM.  (Continued irom l'ngo One;  m  where low wages are paid.    In thes>e  latter countiies producer.*, are little" bct-  ���'   .ter  than serfs.    Bv.ery   Inttle   nation  could Wok  China, and .malte 'her pay  ,    for it.   The United States and England  ,*    produced moie Inventions and clvlliza-  /tion,  paid ibedtei- wages,   than  all   the  ���other nations of ithe would put together.  "Then do you want togoibaok'.'" -.inked  "'     ^lr. Wilson amid applause.    "I say  ,ve  must a'nd 'xvlll push ahead."   xVhpn yui  pay people big. xvages "you give   Mum  an opportunity for consumption.   And  .xxUien  tliey get a chance   to consume  they 'will produce.   The greatest dia'ci-  -ence between men In theii-ibrain capa-  ���   -city.   A'nd when a man has nlnllty he'.-i  worth something.   "But because armxn  haippens to have ability," he &aid,  "1  don''_ bellex-e in xvorshippfoig- .him and  turning  your 'body and  soul  over   to  him."  -The  disposition  of  those   who  'imagined that they xvere cunning and  others Joollsh vvas tlhe cause! of much  -unnecessary  trouble,  and    these me.i  wont nibroad  dllfoising all manner of  (prejudices among 'workingmen 'to ac-  ..complilsh  their schemes.     Running   a  ','    newspaper .xvith a gi'eat many men xvas  ���a oomtmorcial enterprise. ��� Consequently  xxihen men  and  corporations    wanted  , .apace they could have It at the regu  . Iation price.   Was it any wonder tlwn  ,     that so many lies were spread over  the country to poison 'the minds of hon-  , -est men bust summer?  We xvant to exst  aside the piejudlces thus" formed and  get ourselves' abolve this.   The C. P. R.  ���don't,light because   .the  stockholders  ',  /live ^at  different    places   In  dllterant  countries, or .because Sir, William Van  .Home and President Shaugtinessy xvare  ���. Americans.  'Neither should you quav-  -���-rel because' your president or 'any of  1   your brothers happened to ibe Atnerl-  ' t * !  ��� cans,    rou oan never accomplish anything In your  organization iby being  narrow in your views.   It would! not  ��� only, be beneficial ito the wage-eanners  .but  to  merchants   an   xvell If higher  xvages were pald.-'Stores xvould be'batter patronized.' In fact all lines of busl  ..ness, 'Including' ex-en the theatre.    He  "believed Ih commercial progress���not in  stagnation.   The 'time xvas not far dls-  V-     ���        .1 .1 'II  ,, tant when every 'man would) comniaiJ  .a cornifortalbte. home. , But labor people  -of \ihls country muat'.bear In mind that  ''<lhey -nens'iiot going'to-get 'everything  tihey are entitled 'to 'for a Jong time.  ~*tlheyneatri^ly7get_r"tl_e_r   demands"  through, unionism and persistent aglta-  - tlon.   He hoped to see the day whan he  ��� could say to 'the man. If you xvon'.t  xvork you won't eat. Wie thus* put our  heads together and xVOitk'for this de-  '' sired state of affairs. We 'must show-  to the xvorld that xve are men of, dh��r-  ' ��� ,.     . \i, i  ��� ��.cter d.iMl-don't have to run out of the  ��� country, for anything we halve dono.  It Is true ithiat xve have .the Judas fam-  'lly Bcinitteretiall over, ibut then we must  "look out for them. The trackmen realized thut, 'their .organization xvi's  .Just like 'Katt ind'vldunl in' this  regard, .lihe uffalrs of that body would  ���continue to be conducted'In a way ithat  'xvould give entire satisfaction 'to all.  '.Mr. Wilson closed his able addreM  mmklat hearty oipplaaise  J. Hi Watson said that the strike lost  summer xvas ithe best conducted of any  ���Uie.ihad ever lonown.' Tlhe sending: out  of paitrolmen iby the attorney-general  to do tracflonven'B ��� xvorfc durlngi that  -trouble was a lasting disgrace to the  -government. Mr. Watson lolao' severely  .criticised the alien" Jatoo* 'act ' He  -pointed out, xvltti due ragand to Fr&il-  .��3ent Wilson, tfcat .when' trouble vh 'on  In Canada that ithe very scum of the  United 'States came here 'to  take the  places of stinkers.    lie ypoke   of the  scum, .mot the honest union 'workmen.  Vice-Piesldont Lowe  vvas    xvell  received.   He said tint he Ivisited Vancouver in ISOo  to form a union.    The  trackmen    were    then     getting    theli  iwnges reduced most 'iinmeicifujly  !_������-  citu*-e they had no means ot piotectlng  themselves   The well organized vnlotu  d'lil not suffer much, and Sir WiUSii.ti  Vain, Jloi-ne'i  salary   stood  at   {UO.CCO.  Bui thi? ticckiuen vvith   their ipiinccly  salanes ivv-ere cut.   They .then saw they  .were   O'l   rhu   v.uong   crack ito  try   trx  or&unlze      unlcs.'i       connected      vvJth  tin international   .body, and later they  suiveeUetl 'In  joining  the organization  cl'  which  Bro.  AVilson  i*.   the honored  iprt*,ident.   The *-pe<ilcer vv.i's, somewhat  iiiipnse at the  gall  of the C.   P.   R.  talking about aliens, xvhen their own  Van Home anil Shaugtinessy xvere both  .1'llfiis.   How- could they expect to get  fair rcpoils In tlie public 111-045, xx-hen  It  vvas  c-ontiolled   by   the    company?  Mr. Lowe instanced a case at 'Montreal  where the job 'printing room .controlled  the policy of the paper. Thexvoiik done  for the company was xvoitfh to it anywhere from, $60,000 to $SO,000 a year.    I  want to thank some of ithe newspapers  in this city for their impartial reports.  Old >Mck hlmselt could not ha.x-e given  some* of  the  pressor   this.-conntry a  new- .lie of how fast tho men were de-  pentlng their unions and going back to  work.   .Mr. Lowe spoke In feeling terms  of how his old  friend Peter Rich ter,  the pioneer locomotive engineer of Vancouver,   lost his foot in the   railway  smash-up last year,  and said  that It  vv-.is due to tlie ''incompetency of scabs.  iWihut xve 'must have In Canada, was a  minimum  vvage Sor traokmen of $1.50.  and Increase In the west per nnilio of  the co.4t of living.   He hoped ithe many  supporters of Mr. Maxwell xvould .ur*r2  this point upon hlni.   The Intercolonial  railway,    ,-l government   owned   .road,  paid biit   SI. 15   to $1.20 a  day   to the  trackmen.    This   vvas    too    low altogether.   All wealth was' the product of  labor  and  yet  labor  did  not  g;et its  shan-e of it.   They knew that just so  long as inen refused to stand together  they xvould  not  be able  to get xvhat  won-coming'  to them.    One    mistake  wage-earners made was that ithey dli  not know what    organization  meant.  He  would  tell  them, 'that Ixvhen .they  became thoroughly organized .tihe voles  of 'the[toreman or.1 anybody else!"would  not be 'tha't; of' a tyrant, because' the  men would have redress to,resent the  They  Feb. II; Moose.'Jaw, N. W. T., Wed  riesilay, Feto. 12; Broadview, Man., Frl-'|  day, Feb. 14; Brandon, Man., Saturday,  Feb. IS; Winnipeg, Man.; Monday, Fab.  17; Rat Portage, OM., Tuesday, Feb.  18; Fort William, Ont., Thursday, Feb.  20; Schnilber, Ont., Friday, Feb. 21;  XVhlte River, Ont, Saturday, Feb. 22;  Chnpleau, Ont, Sunday, Feb. 23; North  Hay, Ont., Monday, Feb. 24; Mattawn,  Out., Tuesday, Feb. 23;'Pembroke,' Out.,  Wednesday, Feb. 26; ; Ottawa, Ont.,  Thursday, Feb. 27; Montrenl. Que., Friday, Feb. 2S.  Mr. Wilson nnd/iMi-. Lowe will ho  pleased to meet nil members of the  C. Ut. T. of A��� on the C. V. R., xvho  can titte-iid t'ho meetings without too  liiucih"Inconvenience, or at too great a  (.iici'lllce. Should any unavoklaible delays make It necessary to change viny  of the above dates the��� presidents and  secretaries of locnl divisions will be  notified.  Then'publlc owneitfblp of anything* else  ���will be possible and practical.���Citizen  and Counitiy.  ;..: THE BLACKSMITHS..:���'...'������  Vancouver union, 'No..' 151, International Brotherhood' of Blacksmiths; nicl  in,Union hall, on Monday evening, 3id  Instant.7 There; ,xvas ,a good attendance  of 'hieinibers.:; Bro/uW. J. Collins presided, and Bro. Pi., Edwards occupied  the vice oli'alr.yThe secretary.read several comimuriicatlons from   the ��� exeeu-  tive in., reference 'to 'the hew,'-, stamp  payment system -which had .been-adopt-  ea;al'the convention held in Buffalo;  aiid,   also,:'"aXcomiiiunicatlon. fi'om.'the |  Custom Clotlil'iig..; .Makers'.7 ;Unilon, of  Aiiverlca*in;rafea-ence to the Vlock-out"  of .union^^'member's;.by the 'Roy'ai Tailoring ��� Compainy,  icdrnei-    of 7'M.ichigah  aveniie aind\TvveI_>th street,"CiMcago.ilt  seems that**he :*compaiiy;are.'-noxv^iem.-.'  ploying ���''scah'^I'ibor,; and It Is right.  and .just. to plaice ''ithsni On .the: unfair,  list,  aind.7r'do7evei'ythlng.'.',possiijle 7to.  'bring 'them.' tot-liiiie.. ;* A resolution 'xvas  iiioved.'by Bro;.=Roblnson7a__d seconded  by .Blip!;LithWm,:. to.; 35vSist: the: Custom:  C.'lo tilling *Ma kers'. urn Ion, iby purchasing,  ho*^^^!!!^ ;made7l>i7;the7Royal; Tail-.  'orins.'.'Coriipaiiy' of 'Chlcago,'7ari!d indue-*  ing :t,hbse7xvhom7theyV(^in  vvith :;to.,db. likewise. \.'Some.-very* satis-'  faotory:letters,wei-a'read.froiii up-eouri-*  try.-.meinbers.1:7Suibseq'UeMly7'th'e'i{'iii6ii  adjourned' fOi-.;.the*. purpose/'of. heaiilng  'P.i-esidentvAyilsbh's .interesting-;address  :-to theii-allvvayiiraokmen. 'c;;: 7*D.' ''-R'.'yi  PUBLIC OXVNSRSIVP.  There Is a difference between public  ownership tis advocated 'by, the social  Jsts, and the public ownership as advocated by the small capltalfsts. The  latter are anxious for all of the utilities, such as xvater, gus, -railroads,'etc.,  to be owned by the public, In ithe hop,���  that 'tlhe rcivemue derived from them  may bo applied to 'the reduction ot  taxes on their property. The socialists demand, that the revenue be up-  plled wholly to the Increase of wng-e��,  nnd shortening of hours of labor of the  employees, to tihe Improvement of the  service and diminishing the rates to  the consumers.���People's Paper.  The Ilurnaby 'Municipal Council al  Saturday's 'meeting had occasion to enforce its nmli-Ohlr.ese lalbor. by-law, by  reducing'by il Uhe amount payable to  a. teamster TorilraullnggTaix'cl, xvho had  broken the anti-Mongolian by-law,hy  engaging a Chinaman to shavtol. This  has ibeon only the second occasion on  vvhidi the iby-lavv had to be bi-onght into requisition, as the contractois .it  Burnaby have:been very, faithful in  the observation of. the by-Iaxv. ^  We arc offenlng great barguins In  oak goods.' earning sots and small sterling goods that arrived too kite to open  Xinas.   Call and examine thetn.  OAVIDSON BROS,  THE   JEWELLERS.  MR. PDDLEY AT TOP-ONTO.  Recently  before tho'Toionlo Minh-  terlal   Association    Rev.   Mr.   Podley,  formerly of this city, read a paper on  the attitude of ithe chiu'ch. to the xvonk-,  ingnian.   He claimed the lnbor questio 1  as the most important question of the  day.     'He    reminded" his    m'uilsteilql  brethren ithat the church xvas founded  by a carpenter.   He admitted that the  chui'eh hnd    pandered! 'to   the    upper  classes, ibut this vvas  not a sufficient  e.*:cuse for the alienation between her  and bhe masses.    He maintained  that  the church liacl done much directly fo,-  the masses and indirectly her Influence  has ibeen measureless.    He said that a  minister should not deliver himself ol  an opinion upon the 'labor question until he faiexv what he was talking about,  and also Instanced a case xv-here a. niin-  'ister had! 'been damned by both parties when he hud thought fit to s.xy  nothing upon a strike .that xva.s�� in progress In l^la district.    Mr. Pedley also  referred .to  Mr.  Rockefeller    and   his  millions,  and claimed    tihat   nvh'ile It  might he  true that he lobbed  othe'-s  when he made $20,000 an hour, yet he  couldn't change It.  'X-yyyyy'TO TOUNG. .M_EN.7' ' -y".-.).  All 'the wealthy anen of j the presen t  day-seehi .10 have their eyes .fixed ;on  tlie'. goal of. still greater' .wealth.': They  halve mo. time tolook (behind them ;ahd  reach biit a h'aaiid7to..the eager toilers  vnho are just trying to ascend, the Mil  of fortune. If ithey notice ithem ait all,  it is to >nieer7at7t)heir:efforts and:to  lower, their, ideals'arid .standards of life.  Xe'x-er xvas there so ��� little of ithe 'spirit  of: brotihei'lioodin 'the, ���business world  Of���'. Aiiienica* as / exists '.there"* to-day. 7 At  present'the. oii'tloolk is idfii-kand ilepresr  sing, foi- any young -man xvHiq (Starts'  alohe^aind '.timaided 'to, maike: .his. mtiy  agaiinat ithe. gigan tic '.'trusts of: America;  InL'tuphl'iis' his' at'ten'lton to the: inove-  luents "of..'niodern'-i-efoi-ins: _ts adyoooifed  byV scientific 7sooiall.sts:alone; lies.':his  hope.'of:,future '.fiharicia.l independence  aiid:safety.--d311a:W'heeier Wilcbx.77 ,7";  'PHONE 179.  P. O. BOX 2S���.  w. j. McMillan & c��.,  Wholesale Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  Brando:  MONOGRAM, MARGDEEITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SrECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Coiner Alexander Street ond Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  Union Directory.  1  The Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   the   corner  of Carrall anil Ilnitings streets.   Case  goods ure the best, and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low prico, our 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 740 Pender street.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  'WIE VANCOUXM3R iTRAUfiS- AM)  Labor .Council meets first and . third  Thursday in each month, at 7:30 p. m.  President, XV. J. Lamrick: vice-president,  P. J. Russell; secretary, T. II. Cross; financial teoretiti-y, J. T. Llllev; Measurer,  C. Ciowder; sergeant-at-arms, C. J.  Salter; statistician, J. H.'Browne.  JOUIIN'BVMIDN BARBHRS' IN'TlflltNA-  TIOJAL, UNION, No 120-Presliiont,  G. XV. Isaacs; vice-president. Fied Haw;  corresponding - financial secretary, .J.,. A.  Stewart, 51 Cordova St: recorder, C D.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNA- '  TlONiAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATIOlf  meets In O'Brien's Hall, -tho first and  third Tuesdays of each month. .T. A.'  Phillip, president, XV. 3. Lamrick,. secretary, 2-lS Piineess street.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113; W.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  in Foresters',, hall, Van; Anda.'President,  R., Altken; vice-president, C. A. Melvilln;  secretary, A. Rapor,': Van Anda, B.' (X;  treasurer, IT. V. Price: conductor, P.  Burt: warden. John Llnklatcr.  INTERNATIONAL . ASSOCIATION' OP  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. IB���  Sfeels second * and fourth Wednesday In  Jloigan;^trc.isurcr, 13. Morgan "giiliie'. ��.' | ??.Lh "J?","1   }? Union^ Hall.'Preslflent.  A. Bradley; guardian, P. J. Bennett,  delegates to T. & L. Council: G. XV.  Isaacs and f red. Hume, fleets first and  third Wednesdays of each month in  Union Hall.  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye.. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  The Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  ex-ery one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  treatment accorded to u slave,  weie, however, learning itiliese things  slowly. Bro. Lowe referred In .touching termsyto the.wives of tho.atiUkeis  who-bore the strain .whioh came so  heavy upon'them. They were entitled  to a great deal of creclit for.ithelr husbands remaining true 'to their union  He knew' not'of a solitary Instance  where a striker was. not, reinstated In  his ixxsltlon If .ho, wiiniteU.lt, .except it  few who committed cM'Ime and violence  It took ".but two months to test the  iliii-iiibUlty of the'truck. On tlie flint of  MniT.lf the committee \vlll again mcM  tihe dIIIcIiiIh of the. C.'P. It. at. Mon'tr?��l  regni'ditig schedule mutton).. (A11  Dliiuse.)  Proceedings the-Ik terminated ttfltcr a  till  vvith  11  few soc-lallstH.  Mr. .Wilson ami Mr. Lowe left an  Tuesday's oast bound .brain and xvlll  visit .the; following places en route. to  Mon'treal: iKauiloops, B. C��� "Wednesday, Feib. 5; Rovelstohe, B. C. Tlhurs-  iJay, Feb. 6; Golden, B. C, Friday, Feb.  ilAJRINE   FIBEM'EN.  The Victoria Colonist   says thai a  woll attended meeting of marine flp_-  men was  held  last Sunday night  in  Uabor hall in that city, and 11 i'e-or-  gianlzation effected,^wlhereby.ithe union  xvilli become ainilaited -with .the International'-'.. [Longshoremen's    union.    It  was agreed that the advantages acomi-  lng_from_jchrirtei'_menTbereh_p_ehould  be igivon 'those Joining the  union before Aiprll 2nd.:: .Meunvvihille the ohai'ter  xvlll ;Be secur4d and the union-carry on  :bu��lness ias a local of the I. L; U. Temporary ofllcers xvero elected aa.-follows:  J...M. Hook, .president; Alex. HIcLeod,  sccreita^y;  Thos. ' Cratgie ( and J.   M.  Hook delegates "to the Trades and Labor council.   A committee was appointed to xvailt on all firemen now In pivt  and request them to become mcmibe.-s  of Ulie organization.   It,Is Chous*ht tho  nuw union will attain m .mcnihCrslilp ol'  about 10��.  In Seoittle the c-u-penters are getting  ���a. minimum xx-age of $3.50 per day, and  in Tacoma and New "Whatcom $5.  u-uivo, WAITERS AND WAITBESSES'  Union, Local No. 2S. President, Chas.  Over; vice-president, W. W. Nelson; recording secretary. Jas. H. Perkins; financial secretary, ,R. J..Loundes; treasurer, XVm. .Ellendcr. Meeting. every Friday  at 8.30,p.!m. In Union Hall, corner Homer,  and:'DimRmuir. streets.  Wm. Beer: corresponding secretary, H_  Tiir.mlns, 720 Hamilton street; flnanelar  secretary, J. H. McVety,- 1211 Seymour  street.  V^NCOUVl-TR FISIIBRatEN'S UNION:  No. 2. Meets in Labor Hall, Homer  street the last Saturday in each .month at  S p. m. Ernest Burns, president; Chas.  Durham, secretary, SIT Harris street.  VAlNCOU'R' TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  'No ___G meets the last Sunday ln each  month at Union Ilall. Piesldent. C. S.  Campbell; vlco-iiresldent, XV. 3. McKay;  socretary, S. J. Gothard, P. O. Box 60;  treasurer,,. XV. 'Brand; soi-geant-at-aiiin.s,  R. A. Sloney; (aecuttve committee, P.  XV. Fowler, J. H. Browne, XX'. Brand,  Robt. Todd; delegates to Ti.ide*. and  Labor Council, W. Brand, Rolm Todd,  J.: H. Browne; delegates to 'Allied Trades  Council, P.*A..Fowler,;W. J;���'McKay and  C. J. Marshall.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNIOX-  Meets second and fourth' Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at s p. m. President, (J. Dickie; vlce-ipre-  sldent, John Frlzzell; secretary. A. G.  Perry; treasurer,.H. .Vanderwalker: conductor/ Ed. Manning; xvarden, D..,SmWh;  sentinel, T. Dubberley; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie  and H. A.  MtoDonald.  Forstomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia, Taublets. They cure  or you get your money back. BOc box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson ,"60.  When you want to hlre'a flnrt-clajn  horse andi buggy, * go to the Palace  livery itables. Telephone 125.  ���Telephone-1���3���5-for~jr fine- livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth" Thursday in- Union  Hall, room No.; 3. President. G. Dobbin;  vice-president, J. :M. Sinclair: recording  secretary,- ��� Vf. T. MacMulleu;' financial  secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer. J.  Ferguson; conductor. R' MacKenzle; warden, J. McLeod:' delegates to T. and IL.  council, Robt. Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M.  Sinclair.  BROTH'EKHOOD OF PAINTERS 'AND  ���DECORAWORS, ,-Loeal Union No. 1M-  Meots every Thursday in, Laibor Hall.  President, W.s Pavler;' vice-president,',W-  Halliday: recording secrettu-y, E. Cmisb,  221 Georgia.street;.financial seeretaij-; A.  Gothard; SJ2 Howe street;: .treasurer,' H.  MeSorley. ,  JOURNEYMEN. TAILORS'' UNION OF*  AMERICA, No. 17S-aiects alternate  Jlondays in room 1, Union 'Hall. President, F. Williams, vice-president, Mls9  GTabam; recording secretary, H. O.  Burrltt; financial secretan*. ;Walfrea  Larson; treasurer, C. E. Nellson;is��r-  geant-at-arms,  A, J.  Kennedy.       > j  Drink Red Cross Beer.'the beer that's  pure, 76c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Fender Btreet.  THESE AttE .KINDRED nBFOUMS.  The; only tilling thlat will niialic the  public ownership of ipubllc utilities  proctlcolble la 'the adoption of dlroiit  Icgliilaitlon. Until that Is decurcd public ownemhlp simply means greater opportunities for .political corruption. So  lomg as corporations own the govern-  mlent, government owmerahlp simply  means ownership by: the corporations  wihlch own the government, witli the  hdded Vpowiere.of ���'golvernment . to aid  them  In plundering; the  people.    We  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of- California, SOc bottle, at Gold  Seul Liquor Co., 7-16 Pender street.  f; Calgary, N.'iW.'T., Sunday, F"ol>. 9;  .Medicine Hat, ;N. W. T��� Monday, Feb.   must get direct Jegttalatton sa as 'to se-  10; Swift Current, N. W. T., Tuesday,  cure pulbllo ownership of governmenit.  C. Ellis, corner Cuiubia aud Cordova streets, is tho place you can get  your huir out iii an artistic manner.  Flint's Dyspepaia Tablets are guaranteed to restore falling appetite and  correct, any kind of stomach trouble.  60 c. bos. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co.  CANAblAN  ^ii&A&rm&i  iij-^tiy  ^tlV;.*;:,��  JOURNEYM'W.V BAKERS' A^ID CONFECTIONERS' Iiucrnational Union ot  America. Loeal No. 4'J. Vancouver, B.  C. Presldeni, James Webster: vlce-pres- '���  idem, J. XX'. Wilkinson; recording secretarv. jiurdo 'M.icLcan. 2Tia Westminster  Avenue; financial secretary, H.' MoMtilUn,  Toronto Candy Co.: tiejstirer. W. A.  Woovls, Aii Ninth Ave., Mu Pleasant;  corresponding secretary. F. Rawllngs.  Barnxvell Bra*.., Granx-ille *treet: isas-  ler^-.tt-alms, F Moyles and Fred Bartlet  delegates to Trades and'Labor, Council,  F. Rawlings and C. J. Salter.    '���'   . >  CTGARMAKERi1      UNION    ,NO. ,.367���  Meets the flrst Tuesday in'each month  in   Union   Hall.    President,   A.   Koehel;.  vice-president, . P. Crowder; ���'���'���   secretary.  G. Thomas, Jr.. US Cordova: street west;  tieasurer, ��� S.  W.   Johnson;   scrgeant-at-   ,  arms.  J. W.;! Brat;  delegates to Trades     ,'  and>Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  C. Nelson.  Su[j|iSy  Pay up your subssriptlon to the Independent., ilt does not cost you much  and you Should' not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor paper.  Convalescents need'Eisen Port���"the  builder np of the weak"���SOc bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  From Their Nanaimo, fcouthflold sod  Protection Island lolllerlei,  Steam, das  and  House Coal  Ol tbo Following Gradei:  Doubt* Bon��n*d Lump.  Run of th* Mln*,  Waatiad Nutaiul  ��ofMnln����,  8AUUBL If, ROBIN'S, SnperintendeUU  BVAN8, COLSMAN' A SVAN8, AgenU,  Vancouver City. B. 0.  DELICIOUS WINE  Midi Exclusively from B. c. Fruit.  PKESta COT FLOWERS.  MNION-MADK  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making: a trip around the  Pure call on  ,W.��.Jon����BTi!lK,r  nicpatwgocgocooxiflooaif bo  PACIf BC  LINE'  World's  Scenic  Route  IflWCST RATES. BEST SERVKI.  ttomll point* in Canada tod the United BUtca.  THE FASTE8T AND BEST EQUIPPED TBAU  CROSSING TBE CONTINEMT.  ���lIUKlia MB JAVAM iKD (OnjU.  Empieaaol India...... Dec.��  Athenian ......,.,,,.,.,,.. .Jan. IS  Empremot Japan Jan.2}  and every four weeki thartaf tor,  miuxo ro* Bonoi.in.r and AvnsAtti.  Aorangl Jan 19  Moana.. F��b. 1  Mtowera Jiar.^  and every (onr week* thenalMT.  For further particulan qatotlac nlnit  applj to  X. J.COVLE, JAKES 80LATB  A.6.F.A.' Ticket Ajeal,.  Vancouver, B, 0, ��B HaaXUmgi tt.,  Taneoover, B. C.  'X-f  ymai.  iXi'W'  'iyitsst,  WMi.  ������..���,'S.a!fei*?.��*S:,  ���:M--i>l-\ii��*?M.z,tf:  mmm r  1  m  i ���*.  'hi  li?  Iff  MILK STEALING COWS  The proper harvesting niul preservation ut tlie liny crop lmve it great Inlluence on dairying, especially winter dairying, snys tl. E. Newell In American  Cultivator.  A wise mnl consequently successful  dairyman Is always looking ahead a  year or more und making Ills plans accordingly.  He knows tlint because bay ns a xvln.  ter food for cows Is tiiliooi'tl by some is  due to tlie reason Unit it is Improperly  cured niul stored In tlie summer.  If wc could only liavo wi-allier in.uk>  to order during haying, a much bolter  quality oC fodder than the average  ���would result.  However, oven xvlth the most favorable xveather conditions some dinners  xvould never have good hay.  Tliey harvest it too expeditiously and  then puck the .Imperfectly cured gi.iss  Into tight barns, whore the execs-,  moisture it contains 'results'Inter In  musty or "smoky" hay. "  Tlio bulk of the hay crop In the United Stales Is harvested, according tu latitude, prior to the middle of July, iriil it  hns long been considered as a rushing  season ofxvork."w    .  With modern machinery tlio case ami  rapidity xvith whicli the crop can bo  handled tempts the fanner to imperfect  curing, and this is a point that I xvlsh  to speak about.  Do not put damp liny Into large mows  or stacks.    If tho grass contains an  admixture'of. clover after a fow hours'  .sun in the swath, euro It In cocks cap-  : pod if necessary'against any possibility  of rain.  ' Tho Idea is to get the moisture pretty  woll out of the hay before It hns hoon  , stored axvay in bulk and yet not let it  become too dry and bleached by too  mncli sun.  Tho so called "sweating" process that  freshly cured hay passes through, being simply the evaporation of excess  moisture, should take place under conditions In xvhich air can freely circulate  ,   .through It.       ���  By. this plan fresh; sweet hay can bo  fed out to the .cows in winter, resulting  In an Increased milk flow and augment-  ,ed dairy pi-ollts.  The principal reason that bay has  .fallen into such disrepute us feed for  dairy cows is because there ls so much  poor hay fed.  ' Where hay Is stacked it will always  pay to thoroughly protect the top and  Bides against nny Inclemency in the  weather. Balloon framed sheds'. tire  useful for this purpose, but they must  have tight roofs.  Dnlrylnr? In Denmnrlc.  There are 1,713.735 cows in Denmark,  an nx-crage of 450 for every'.100 acres  of land under cultivation and 750 for  every 1,000 Inhabitants. In 1S08 tho  butter exported nmountcd to 121,418,-  431 pounds, ��� iu 1800 to 122,412,303  pounds and iu 1000 to 124,023,211  pounds, of which 3,593,302 pounds woro  nnnirpcl in tins. The remainder xvas in  Dex-lce to Pri-x-ciit Them From Sucking 'riit-iimelvoM or Other Cattle.  Two or throe yours ago ono uf my  cows commenced to suck another one,  anil I xvas obliged to do something to  stop the performance or dispose of tho  cow, snys V. A. Snow In Hoard's Diiry-  11X1111.  Alter thinking a little time about It I  concluded to tnke a copper bull ling  nnd drill some holes a llttlo smaller  than a tciipoiuiy stool wire mill, ns Indicated In tliu Illustration, then cut tho  heads off the null:?, flic the bond end sn  that It xvould just go tJirough the ring  far enough to rivet; Hie or grind the  other end ns shnt'p ns a darning needle,  and then put tho ring thus equipped In  tho coxv's nose. It proved to ho a.perfect success. I have used tlio same  ring since on another cow, and no suck-  ingwns done after the ring wns Inserted.  I think'. It would work equally xvell on  a self sucker unless tho cow sucked  herself xvhile lying down, for xxiblle in  urea ron sucking cows,  thnt position, if sho wore a right smart  cow, sho might toss her head up so as  to lot the underside of the ring drop on  her udder mid thus bo able to got the  teat In her mouth without being pricked. I think It would bo Impossible for a  cow to suck herself xvhile standing if  this device were In hor nose.  By using a copper ring the screw  that fastens the open joint does not become so fastened by corrosion thnt It  cannot be removed and the device taken out when the habit Is thought to ho  cured or.the animal put in stable for  the winter and the ring preserved for  future use.  packed .in tins,  firkins,  One of the surprising things In farming is the gradual development of land  to a point where It will yield returns  never dreamed of by the early .cultiv a-  tors, says Professor James S. Doty in  American Cultivator.  Over In parts of  : England and Scotland farmers and dairymen  make ft  living  from- pasture  lands xx-hlch hax*e nn assessed valuation  . of $400 and ?500 an acre. They do this  ���7 wlien prices for the products are no  greater thaii American farmers receive.  .': 7 Tke secret of their success Is nccossl-  , ty. They hax-e boeu forced to make every square Inch of soil pay its highest  profit, and as a result thoy have some  ��� of the finest pastures In the world. The  ' -��� sod is so thick and compact that it is  ."almost Impossible to" cut through  It.  -'. The roots form a solid mass In the soil,  and the grass grows luxuriantly, even  defying dry  weather  and   producing   goodLgrops.Jnjipjtg^pf close cropping  and late ln the seaspn~when~frost~ordi-  . narlly kills less successful^ pasture.  ,  The thing of it is the farmers havo  cultivated the soil, planted and replanted grass.seeds, dressed the pastures repeatedly   with   fertilizers   and   made  thom in every way productive nnd fertile. The soil Is not1 more adapted naturally   to  pastures  thnn   millions  of  acres In this country which today produce only Indifferent crops, of grass.  The soil Is made artificially rich, and  the sod Is. tbo resultof careful, imen-  ���   glvo funning."   ' -;!-.'  . . To Get Good Pnatarca.  iri the llrst place, the Idenl pnsttire  lnnd must bo seeded ,xvlth good sood,  and- liberal 'expenditure of fonllly.ois  *  must he made nminnlly' * Then xvoods  must he religiously destroyed.' pulled  up root and branch every your,    lt Is  Impossible to get a good pasture unless  xvoods are pulled up.   If tills work.Is  continued -carefully eyory your, In four  or  five seasons  xvoods  xvlll   havo no  clinneo whatever.1  The grass roots xvlll  occupy tlie soil'so completely that nc  weeds cau find lodgment there.  .Weeds arc the bane.of  American  pasture fields, and the more thoy aro  ''allowed to^gi'ovv. and produce seeds,the  '��������� riiore obnoxious they will become. It Is  Impossible,to got grass seed today.that  will uot'have some xvoeds In It. and  the onlj; hope of the fanner Is to pull  up tho ' weeds as fast 'ns' thoy show  themselves.    Good   culture. of   grass  pastures xvill pay as much ns any kind  of fanning oxer attempted lu this country nud especially wliere the land Is  ��� located near largo cities and good mar-  Vetn toi d'lliy products.  Improving a Wornout Farm.  A Maine dairyman who Is making  the business pay is G. C.; Jacobs, says  New England Homestead. Last year  ho had eighteen cows and twelve heifers in his herd. The heifers xvere two  and three years old and not In milk all  of the time. He sold the cream to a  factory,,where part of It was made into butter and the remainder sold fresh.  He received monthly checks from this  factory, xvhich amounted at'tbe end of  the year to $1,400.  Txventy years ago he bought an old,  run down farm and kept increasing his  stock as the hay Would warrant. Beginning xvith a half dozen cows, he  has steadily increased until now he has  fifty In his herd. Corn, oats and barley are raised and ground for the cows.  Cottonseed meal is bought and fed With  It. The dressing from the barn fertilizes the i ground for another year's  crop. The; cultivated laud Is seeded  down, aud so the exchange goes on  until now he owns one of the finest  farms In Kennebec county.  The calves aro all dehorned when  young, and each year.he soils some of  tho older cows and replaces them xvlth  heifers. He uses a separator, and the  sklmuillk In summer Is fed to young  piss and In winter to;the: calves,' which  thrlx'e and grow rapidly on this diet.  Ills farm is well equipped xvith all  modern .improvements, and with Industry and perseverance he Is slowly  and surely making farming pay.  As a rule, It is not the practice  Mnglnnd to mako use of green food for  pigs to ns great au extent as might  profitably bo done, snys a correspondent In Loudon Live Stock Journal. The  pig Is largely si vegetarian and lu a  natural state finds littlo other food. It  looks for concentrated starchy food in  tlio roots of plants x>'hlch arc provided  xvlth bulbs or tubers for the purpose  of storing up reserves of this nature,  but It Is very largely dependent upon  other forms of green food growing  above the .surface..''..Although Ihe modern pig has been developed so that It  can assimilate more cdiieontrnted diets  than It could find'In n state of nature,  it has uot lost Its aptitude lo thrive,  and there aro many green crops grown  on tho farm which cannot lie more  profitably fed to any animals llniu to  pigs.  The avidity xvith which pigs xvill oat  tares, young clover and other green  food brought into the yards lu summer  timo shows the old Instincts for this  class of food hnvo not been eradicated.  They have a natural craving for the  cool, moist food, and they thrive on it.  Sows which get ns many tares ns they  desire keep healthy and strong. Moreover, tliey brood move healthily and  stronger than those which have more  concentrated foutls. For the cost of tho  crop,a piece of lucerne probably gives  the biggest return of pork of .aiiy crop,  for it gives cuttings for at least half  tbo year for an indefinite .'number of  years. Tlio Americans recognize the  value of green food for pigs hud use  clover with great freedom for their  bacon pigs, ami wo cannot altogether  afford to disregard the practices of that  extensive bacon raising country. Tlio  roadside soxv, which, with the help of  a few house senilis, lives almost entirely on grass, rarely fails to produce  huge and healthy pigs, nnd those young  pigs are loss liable to disease and affections than those from more pampered mothers, and the sows are rarely  short of milk.  If. therefore, pigs can he brought to  profitable maturity xvithout the help of  green food, it should not be taken that  the pig rearing should be entirely confined to high feeding throughout'life.  There Is no need to run the pigs to an  abnormal size and render them unlit  for high class bacon. Even if thoy are  run somewhat large, there Is the compensation that the meat is : more  streaky. Forced feeding implies the  consumption of high priced foods and  a constant dipping of the hand Into  the pocket. To utilize the produce of  the farm is better than to be constantly buying.  Paatnres For PlK��.  Pasture for the future profitable hog  of course, says Southxx-est Pacific  Farmer. If not clover or. other sweet  grass, there are green .corn.'.oats, field  peas and last, but uot least, the rape-  field, and .there are millions in it, those  who have turned pigs on rape sny. The  best swine growers fully understand  that If the hog is to bo made big and  strong In bone and muscle and brought  to 200 to 300 pounds'.in: six or eight  months and made profitable to his  oxvner, the pig must have pasture and  green food for growth and health to  bring him to the beginning of the finishing period.  DEHORNING CATTLE.  Simple nud F.OIctetit Cage Fo* Holfl-  SriS the AillimiW.  Ill response to Inquiry The National  Stockman republishes the subjoined description of :i dehorning cage:  Dimensions, ���'��� feet long, 0 feet high.  :i|j feet wide at top Iii front and 4%  loot wide nt top at back ond;'bottom or  t'l.nt board u foot wide, with seven  cleats l',i Inches thick, n foot long,  nailed across It to keep cattle from  slipping; footboard 2 inches thick nud  rests on three 2 by 4 inch crosspleces  1 feet lung. To these are bolted uptight pieces 7 feet long, 1! by -1 inches,  for nailers for aides of cage. Across the  top of cage are used two strips 1 by 4  inches for. each set of uprights, bolted  cue on encli side of upright.. The Inside of this f ni mo is bonrded tip xxith  Inch plank ot convenient widths. The  lower '2\ti feet should dose enough to  prevent1' animals putting tholr feet  through the cracks.  On left side, three and a half feet  from bottom, should be used a board  n foot wide and n foot longer than the  cage. In. this bore two one Inch holes  four Inches from sides of board.  Through these put a piece of rope and  tie on outside. Tliis loop Is put ox'er tho  animal's nose and drawn tight by the  use of a hand spike. An upright lever  Is used to catch the back of the head  and draw it to tlio loft. side. of.'cage.  Tliis upright should be a strong 2 by 4  inch, 0 feet long, bolted to bottom  nos_.plece near upper end. slipping the  right side, the back and forth between  the crosspleces that hold the tops of the  two front uprights lu placo. This lever  is thrown to .the right when open for  tho animal to enter.   As soon as the  DEUOltXINQ CAGE.  head passes it is pushed to the left side  and fastened as tight as required by a  small iron pin slipped through the  crosspleces at top back of it.  As soon ns the head is fastened a  hand spike is, slipped through the cage  back of the animal and another over  the neck to hold the bend down. These  remain In place usually xvithout holding, the operator standing in front  xx bile taking off tho bonis. The smallest animal having hoins up to a bull  weighlug 1,830 pounds has been debt rued Iu this sized cage. Animals  weighing up to 1,200 pounds pass right  thiough the cage when the holding  :lever is throxvn back against the fight  side.; .Co.xvs'heavy, ln calf aud larger  animals back out of the cage.  When the coxv Is about seven mouths  gone xvith calf, cut her feed doxvn to  small amounts of clover hay, bran and  silage, says Kvnn B. Sharpless In National Stockman. Try to have her dry  about one niontli prior to calving. Two  weeks before her time ls up, should she  he In a plethoric condition, give her  n pound ot cpson Halts, and each week  she is given n teaspoonful of saltpeter.  She Is not allowed the run of the yard  or pasture for fear sonic accident may  befall her. Very often a dam loses ber  enlf or has trouble calving beciiuse of  an accident xvhich could have been  avoided had she been fastened up.  When fresh, a pound of epsom stilts Is  given from a long necked drench bottle. The salts are dissolved In three  pints of boiling xvater aud then'allowed, to cool to 100 to 105 degrees P.  There is no better time to rid our  herd mid stables of every germ of abortion and contamination than nt calving  time. Every birth should be treated  as an abortion, and dairy barns would  soon become free from the dreaded  trouble. As soon ns the calf ls born it  is removed from the sight of the mother and wrapped xvith nn old blanket in  a comfortable bed of straw and allowed to remain until dried off. While lt  Is drying oft return to the cow and  glvo her. one quart of bran to two or  three quarts of cold, clean xvater. This  should be repeated five or six times  dnlly. Give little and often, as too  much cold xx-ater nt one time might  bring on a chill, and cold xvater ls preferable to xvarm, as the cow's system Is  feverish enough. Don't give too much  hay or it xvill have a tendency to pack  the fourth stomach und bring ou that  most dreaded of all diseases, milk fever.  ��� The cow's hindquarters, hips:and  tail should be scrubbed off with xx-arni  xvater and soap and then be gone over  xvith a brush dipped In a mixture of ft  pint of xvater containing a tablespoon-  ful of creoline. The xvhole of the hindquarters should receive an application.  The uterus should be also 'flushed'out  xvitb a gallon of xvarin xx-ater.contalu-  i Ing four tablespoonfula of creollne.  The stnll xvhere the cow calved  should be thoroughly cleansed and disinfected, fresh earth sprinkled over  wet places; and stall .replenished xvlth  fresh straw. If you have- things  handy, these operations are soon gone  through xvith, and should they requiie  a little time It is profitably spent.  The portions of cold xvater given the  cow are to keep'the udder from becoming hard, but if the dairj man gives  large quantities of cold water and liberal feeding Immediately after cnlviug  be may expect trouble and perhaps  death.'  A HENHOUSE ON WHEELS.'  An Old Omnlbui Utilized _i�� a Homo  For Foxvln.  The'accompanylug' cut,' shown here  through the courtesy of The Farm  Journal, rhllndelpliln, was from n photograph sent to that paper xvithout any  explanation ns to Its oxvner or location. In addition to the regular henhouse, which has a very neat, comfortable appearance, nn old omnibus  xvlilch hns apparently outlived its usefulness lu Its first- estate has been  transformed Into a sort ot traveling  hennery. Whether the oxvner hns bin  hens so trained that at the "cry'of "All  aboard!" they will climb In for a ride  to fresh fields and pastures new we  xxill lenvo to our readers for their solution. But the possibilities of such a  traveling shelter nro 'obvious."'1'A flock  of hens could be tnken to the grain-  fields after harvest, where' not only  Concerning Danish Bitter.  rrofessor G. L. McKay Of tlie Iowa  Agricultural college, who has been  abroad absorbing dairy Information,  has . tbe following to say regarding  Danish butter: *  It'has been a great problem to me  tli.it the Danish butter, lias a higher  peicentage ofwatcr than_ours has, yet  at,the,same time it has a menlyTUry  appearance. Investigation showed me  thnt their methods of churning and  xvorking wore peculiar. The churning  ls at a moderately high temperature,  and the butter comes soft. It Is dropped at once Into cold water uud then  put on. tbo table and worked three-  quarters of a minute, after xyblcli^lt Is  again put in cold water tor a'moment,  then brought back and worked one to  one and. a quarter minutes.. This 'makes  only* two'minutes of'working. When  finished. It Is packed Into kegs for the  market. It Ib bald thnt tills method'is  used to get the buttermilk outlaid to  have It clear, but It is'probably Intended to work the Water Into the blilter us  well. The Dnnlsh butter will average  r> [ior cent more water tbau ours, and  yet lt does not show It,  Good nnd Poor Cowa.  '  . Wherein do the good nnd poor cows  differ? .Merely in the apparatus for tlie  production of milk, aud In the posses-  slon^o'f such,organs In a greater or less  degree bang all the law and the profits,  Bays Hoard's Dairyman.  Of what goes Into the mouth a,percentage, be It more or less,���co_nos"out  of tho udder, and the profit ri^turned by  the coxv depends on xvhat that percentage may b'e. It Is. useless. Ho pour, expensive food .Into tke^cow'fi stomach  xvh'en'she xxill only return 75'"cents in  milk for every ?1 In food; folly to buy  $10. worth of bran,wherewith to make  4 cent cow beef; nonsense to 1111 the silo  only to waste half Its contents on poor  cows.  Dr. William McLean, state veterinarian of Oregon, in an address before  tho Northwest Wool Growers'.association snld regarding scab in sheep;  True scab Is a very familiar disease  to sheep raisers In every part of the  wc-.-ld. The most prominent symptom  is nn Itchiness of the skin, compelling  the, sheep to rub.: scratch or ,bltc .itself  whenever possible. It will scratch aud  kickitself with Its hind feet, thus destroying the wool wherever ,tbc feet  can. reneh. It xvill also bite itself and  will become extremely restless, more  particularly at night, preventing the  animal from,, resting and making it  nervous and Irritable.  'The treatment of scab is a very simple matter if taken'iri the start-before  _tlH'i'c_l_s_much Irritation of the akin. The  parasite does not penetrate-thc~sl_ln7  like.those   producing   mange   In the  horse and dog.   The parasites producing senb ln sheep live on the surface,  like lice, so most nny of the ordinal'}  dips applied to .them xvill eoaie In contact xvitb the parasites and kill, them,  but may not kill the eggs, which ..xvlll  hatch out In  f ronr ten days to two  weeks, when the application must be  repeated.   If the dlsenscclins been allowed to become chronic, therii there  will be scabs formed so that enough  parasites will get tinder and not come  In con I net with llie medicine, and thoy  ' will still live to perpetuate tlielr kind.  In order to treat senb successfully  the wool should nil be clipped off/so  us io expose the skin ns much us possible to the nlr.    Like mange In Ihe  horse,'the diseased animal .should be  separated froin'tlioWell and should be  well  fed,  to build   up   the physical  strength as quickly as possible, ns.lt Is  a well known fact that parasitic life  lives nt the expense of physical life.  Build.up the physical strength aud the  body offers greater resistance to parasitic life.'   ,   '  After the animals have been' dipped  tbey should not be turned into'pastures where tbey wore while suffering  from the disease., The parasite Is not  long dived, .consequently .animnls kept  out-of an.infected pasture tor a couple  of months can then be'safely turned ln  again.  Weight of Droned Sheep.  The  dressed   enrcas-s  of the sheep  weighs from no to CO per cent of the  total live weight.  Proper Coupling of Sheep.  The coupling of sheep is a subject  that In":many cases receives too little  attention, says XV. i. Clarke In Wool  Markets and Sheep." To allow a rain  to run wild, as It were, with a bunch  of ewes xvithout regard to or consideration .for proper mating is xvrong and ls  not conducive to the raising of the  standard of our Hocks, Where tlie  rain is allowed to run xvitb the.flock  during the coupling season he should  be given a feed of grain daily. Ho  should also be riddled on the breast  and well back between the fore legs  xxith a mlxti*>-e of oil and lampblack.  This xvill show which ewes have been  served by him. When served, these  should be removed from ' the main  flock and put In a lot or field, and after  the course of two'weeks another rani,  riddled xxith a mixture of oclier and  oil, should be put xvith them. Any  "coming around'' will (ben be bcrvod  aud marked. Where the ram is somewhat inactive nnd easily fatigued he  should be "stood."  i  Sllasre For Ewes and LnmltN.  We have never had a silo. Having always, a great abundance of alfalfa or  clover bay xve have not needed it much,  .saysJoseph.RJWhit__ln_I_ reeder's Gazette; ���'. Yet such sliopliei'dsT'as H~Iir  Miller and H. P..Miller, both famous  lnmb groxvers, use silos. II. P. Miller  declares good silage a (front aid in. keeping up the inilkQow of the ewes. There  , is. no doubt that tlie owe needs. about  the same ration as the dairy, coxv xvhile  sheis suckling her lamb. I xvould suggest that the silngu be mnde bo ns to  bo sweet, fearing that nnicl. acidity In  it would harm the Intubs through the  milk. That means that tbe corn should  get fairly mature before being put Into  silo.  In a paper read by Dr. Leonard  Pierson before tlio New Jersey Agtl-  ctiltural society on the subject "Coxv  Hcnlth" he said In .part:  The subject of cow health includes  everything that influences in any way  the functions of an nnlmal, the workings of any organ or any set of organs.    Under that head, 'you see, we  xvlll have to include breeding and rearing  and  feeding and  general  stable  management nud care, aud, In fact, the  subject  of  coxv   health  Includes  the  xvhole  subject ot  nnlmal husbandry.  It Is 'manifestly useless to attempt to  cover more than a small corner of this  great Held, so I shall conllue my remarks to stables'and stable conditions  and the influence of thoBe conditions  upon the health of the cow. and I believe that of all the things bearing upon the henlth of the stabled cow light  Is the most Important. But It ia very  difficult to select.   There are so many'  tilings  tbat are* ot 'high  importance,  though it xve weigh them carefully we  will find'that light Is fully as Important as any'nud perhaps of the great-  estjmportancc.   All higher animals require light. TT       ;   One xvould think that the fact Is so  perfectly manifest that It would not I  "ALti ASOAIID I"  the fallen grain, but the numerous In-  sects, xvould bo quickly and cheaply  transformed Into eggs, or In.case pastures or meadows abound with insect  life or orchards or berry fields are attacked with lusect enemies .the bena  would  accomplish a  double  good' at  small expense.   In some localities such  a houso might .Invite the attacks of  marauders, either two legged or four  legged, but not more so than many of  the permanent houses one sees through  the country.   But, such a. house might,  after the Inmates are settled for tho  night, be drawn into the barn and lock*  cd up securely.   One often sees poultry  quarters made from materials whose  first use was entirely foreign to any  such purpose.   We have seen several  discarded street cars used for poultry  and an occasional abandoned: freight  car.    Piano   boxes  make  very  good  homes for a Bnmll flock, while these  and large dry. goods boxes can easily  and cheaply be transformed Into bouses  suitable for bantams or for growing  stock.    We have known of a section  of a large hollow tree being fitted up  Into   a   very   comfortable   henhouse.  Probably tbe latter  is less common  noxv than ln the early history of the  country.���Poultry Monthly.  The Nexv Wyandotte*.  The   new   variety   of   Wyandottes,'  called Silver Penciled Wyandottes, Is  a beautiful fowl, but beyond all this  they are xvoudcrful egg producers.   A  lot are known to have been batched  early in July, 1000, which began to lay  about Christmas.  Two of them have  continued to lay tight along for seven  -months.   During May these two bens  laid, one, txventy-one eggs; the other,  twenty-three eggs.   For 210 days, ending July 20, theso two hens havo laid  297 eggs between them.   If tbe ratio  could be malntnlncd, these two' hens '���  might produce in the  full "865 days  250 eggs each.   But lt Is to' be presumed that they cannot continue at  this rate much longer., This new variety ls a combination ot the original  SIlver.Laced Wyandotte and the Dark  Brahma.   In them has been united the  blood of two ofthe best general purpose  fowls- we- have.* None  of  our  American .breeds  Is- better for eggs  and   market  poultry  than the .first  Wyandotte tbat xvas originated In upper  New York stnte. Fully their equal  is the Dark Brahma.  Tbe union of the  two hns produced a fowl that has'tbe  Wyandotte shape with the Dark Brahma color.  The credit of originating tbe  new variety belongs to Cayuga county,  N. X.���Country Gentleman. ".  =*J     1  : Teatlns the, Esei.  The testing of the eggs has'nothing  to do wltk'tho result of the hatch. People test tho eggs to find out whether  the eggs' are fertile or not prior to the  ' term they'are due to. hatch. "This enables them to select the clear fr6m tho  fertile eggs. .These clear eggs are just  as good for cooking, or any. use that ,  -other,eggs_of_the_same_agejcan be put  (  to, as they would bcTlf never pl__ced"in~/  Vvu,.k..(:  the machine;  Being ln'the machine for  i  be necessary to mention it, but that it j a xveelt or ten days has no'more Influ- \\  Folnta of n flood Sheep.  Lots of bone, large, strong Joints nnd  n tint rather than a round plpestcm  leg are the things to Insist upon, snys  Wool Markets and Sheep. The belly  and hack .line should both be straight,  tho buck bi ond undone skin bright red,  though dark and even '.lighter skinned  rams are sometimes Very vigorous.' This  is not tlie rule,' however.  , Sheep Notci.  ..Shcepnre close croppers, and despise  ,long grass.  ^Regular   feeding   makes   even   and  xvell marbled mutton.  Good sheep,' good land and good  roots usually go together'.  ' '  'Keep the' lambs' growing.' They will  nex-er rec6vei"fiomai,c'tbiiek.      ���.  Uegular feeding and steady growth  make good wool as well as good lambs.  If early lambs are to l.i1-* made a  specialty, the ewes must be bred In  food season.      '. . -  Isneccssary to'mention It can be prov  ed to any one who visits a number of  dairy farms In this vicinity and on either side of the state line. You xvlll  find cattle that arc housed In dark stables. ; Sometimes there nre n few xviu-  dows, sometimes no'windows at'all.  Sometimes these windows arc plied full  of niniiurc or hay In order to keep the  stable worm.  Light ..promotes the nutrition of the  tissues and orgaus of the body, and It  helps, to bring about tho.-chemical  changes In a normal wny. At this  time a great many diseases ore treated by light,'and especially dlscnscs;of  the skin that can be reached most  directly by,light. ��� Dr. Flnson, a Danish physician, has discovered that  many diseases of the skin and even  some cases of leprosy can.be cured by  light. In order to.do this a large lens  is' used that concentrates light from  xvhich the heat rays hax-e been abstracted upon a- small area. Either  sunlight ior, the light, from, an are lamp  can be used for this purpose. ,       ,'  Then light ls an antiseptic. ]?Ve have  found'that the loxycr forms of plant  and animal life live in the'^'ark.'' If  yob''put them'In tho light, they "will  die. So that a stable flooded with light  not only promotes the health of the Inmates, hut lt also helps to shield the  cows from disease by acting as an antiseptic and by.destroying germs.  GS3___SWC^i~ ���  i  enco on clear eggs than tho summer  weather would have on them In a basket ln the. house.   Clear eggs will keep  good longer than will the bo called fertile eggs. . \\  When you have several Incubators, lt < J  two ore filled and started dt tho same /  time,when they are tested Itoftcn hap- I  pens that one machine will bold all the '  fertile eggs, thus saving tho.tlmo of one ,1  of the machines, that can be refilled \  aud no time loBt working' to keep,cleat  eggs xvarm for three xvecks.   This li )  also true when you put your eggs un< .  der several hens.   These are tbo rea-   '  sons for testing the eggs.   You then  kuoxv In advance what the prospects ol i J  u hatch are. '  The SI*o of Rons.  ITouses and runs sboitld be In propor-1  tlon.   It Is seldom tbat the yards aro'  large enough for the houses.  In cities,'  aud villages it; is no unusual.sight toi  see a good sized.house and a rui) no  larger, than the bouse In, tho area covered.,  The result.Is a perfectly bnrol  and often dusty ground plot.' The area'  of' the yard Bhould be at least ten times  that'of'the* house'In which* the birds  are kept/andif'the'-yard-ls still larger)  It will not be of excessive size.   In\  fact. It isbest to have' the area of thej  run so largo tbat It will remain green  through the entire growing season,���'  Exchange. THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER, B. C.  '     AN EYE FOR BUSINESS.  Transaction   In    Which    StrabUma*  Waa Not a Handicap.  "There Is a small crosseyed boy living  In this city who it he doesn't loso his  life through just retribution will grow  up to become a great financier," declared  Jones. "For some time my wife has pos-  tossed a yellow purp that has no earthly excuso for living. But she thinks that  La is the finest dog lu tho city and spends  most of her time hugging him and kiss-  lag his dirty little nose. Finally tho dog  worship became so unbearable to mu that  I resolved to end thu nuisance. Chancing to meet a small crosseyed boy on*  day, I said to blm:  " 'See her, boy, do you want to earn a  dollar?'  " 'Sure,' sold lie.  " 'Well, then,' snld I, 'you go up to my  house, watch your chance and steal the  yellow cur tbut you will Und hanging  around there. When you get hlni, bring  him'down to my oilicc and get your dollar.'  "Within two hours the boy was back  with the cur tied to a rope.  " 'What will I do with him, boss?' b*  asked after I paid hlni. -. -  " 'I don't care,' I snapped, 'drown him  If you want to.' ,  '   ' ' ',  "Thnt night I discovered my wife ln  tears, and I was informed between sobs  thnt poor, dear little Fido was missing.  The next dny she had an advertisement  Inserted la all the papers offering $10  for his return. The third dny she met me  joyfully at the door and announced that  Fido had been found.  ���' 'Where?',I asked, concealing a groan.  " 'A littlo boy brought him back,' she  answered.  " 'What kind of a boy?' I asked suspiciously.  " 'A small crosseyed boy with the most  honest face tbnt I ever saw on a boy. I  gave him $10, it being all I had, and told  him if he would go down and see you  that I knew you would be glad to add  $5 to it.*  "But the boy didn't show up. As a  matter of fact, I hadn't the slightest Idea  he would, I wouldn't mind "iving bin  (5 If he would call."  A NOVEL GARDEN.  In the centre of Liverpool thtro ia  ono large roof garden. It forms the  hobby of a lady xvho has at present  in successful cultivation currants,  gooseberries and a. fine shoxv of outdoor .flowers, besides exotics in a  greenhouse.. The earth was taken up  to the tiles by means of a lift, and  tlie garden is efficiently drained and  free from despoilers.  ALWAYS ON HAND-Mr Thomm  H. Porter, Lower Ireland, P. 1>., writes :  ���'My son, 18 month*, old hnd urn up so had  that nothing gave him relief until a  neighbor brought mo somo ot Dlt.  THOMAS' EULECTltlU OIL, whioh I  gave him, nnd ln six hours he was cured.  It Is tho best medicine I ever ufod and I  would not be without a bottle ol lt in my  houso."  Sometimes a man is judged by lus  appeal onco and sometimes by his  disappearance.  Respectability is contagious, but  folk*, can't always catch it. when  thoy xvnnt it.  Wc believe MINARD'S LINIMENT is  the bost.  Matthias Foley, Oil City, Ont.  Joseph Snoxv, Norway, Ma.  Rev. K.  O.  Armstrong,   Mulgrave,  N. S.  Chns. Woo ten, Mulgrave, N. S.  "   Pierre Landry,  senr.,  Pokemouche,  N. B.  Thomas Wa-sson, Sheffield, N.'B.  Shiloh's  Consumption  Cure  Cures Coughs and Colds  at once It has been doing  this for half a century. It ,  . has saved hundreds of  thousands of lives. It will  save yours if you give it a  chance* 25 cents a bottle.  If after using it you are not  satisfied with results, go to i -  your druggist and get your  money back.    ....  A  Write to S. C. V/nrxs & Co., Toronto,  Can., for free trial bottle.  Karl's Clover Root Tea corrects tho Stomach  IIEAI'D NOTHING OF THE WAR.  Sven Hedm, the explorer, reached  Charkhilh, in the heart of China, last  April,without hearing of the troubles  in the eastern part of tlie empire. He  found the Chinese polite and oblija  ing-. ��  MORE TO BE DREADED THAN AN  OUTBREAK  OF SMALLPOX.  No Epidemic in the Last Quarter of  a Century Has Carried Oil as  Many People as Annually Fall  Victims to Consumption.  There is a dull sort of a man xvho  becomes prominent in spitu of the  fun made of him.  Free and enBy exnectoratlon Immediately  relieves and frees the throat and lungs from  viscid phlegm, and a medicine that .promotes this is tho bent medicine to uso for  coughs, colds, inflammation of tho lungs  and all affections of tho throat and chart.  This is precisely 'what Bickle's Anti-Oon-  romptivG Syrup is a specific for, and whero-  ever used it has given unbounded satisfaction. Children like It because it is pleasant,  adults like it because it relievos and cures  the disease.  If u girl marries a poor man, it is  strange how soon her old friends forget lus, name.,    i  Mr.T. J. Homes, Columbus, Ohio, writes i  "I have been ufllicted for some time with  Kidney and Liver Complaints, and find I'ar-  molee's Pills tho best medicine forthoeodl-  Thise pills do not causa pain or  grlpiDfr, and thould he u��od when a cathnrtio  is required. They aro. Gelatine Ooatcd, and  rollea in the flour of L'corice to prcucrve  their purity, and give them a pleasant, agree-  abtajtasto.  Sligh*. no man because of his poverty, and esteem no man becuise. of  his xvcalth.      . t v,  I     SOZODONT for thetYeTH 25c  The Amazon and its Tributaries  hold tlie record among rivers of.pos-  conipnrtincnt, was forced to assocl-  sosslns 25,000 miles fit -water ',suitable for steam navigation.1). The oV'a  the river drains is txvo-thirds.t_.at"rt  Europe. . ; '*"','    I  Don't Give Btm Up.  Don't give up*a bad boy or turn against  him becauso ho Is bail. " If your parent-  age nml Kiii-rouiidlng had been tho samo  as his perhaps you xvould hnve been bad  too. He may not bu'altogether bnd.'  Give him nnother trial at least. Put'  yourself to the trouble to do a favor for  him and do'It with nn enrnest, loving  spirit. In many cases this xvlll win  hhn, nnd xvhen onco you hnvo won lilm  ho is true until death. If your fust effott  to wiu him docs not succeed, try ngnin  and ngnin. You will get nenrer to lilm  each,time, and nabls associates come over  to you ho xvlll be drawn nearer and near-  ir.���Southwestern School Journal.  A 1>|> reel ii live  l7You,,havo'a^fino pedigree," snld  thV-vAmerlcari'-inulti-'millionniro " to  the nobleman.        .   .  "Yes," was tho nonchalant answer. '   ��� '���  "And I wanti to tell you I appreciate such things. If. thero .is anything I tako nnjinterost in-it' is a  podigree.. Why, when,J was younger*! could go ,to the',races'and 'nrimo'  ovcr the uncostly of overy hoiso at  tho'track."-   - ' �����-".'��>  CAREWORN MOTHERS.  Life Often Made a Burden   Through  Nursing a Cioss and Fretful Baby.  Ml babies should be good natured;  xvell babies, 'if there is no oucxvard  reason for discomfort, aro always  good-natured, and yet noxv many  moUio'S permit themselves to be thorough y worn out caring da r and  niglit foi a sick, cross and fretful  baby, xvhen a little care and fore-  eight xvould rcmox-e all tho t:-( uble  and make both mother and bnly  happj Tlio littlo one's sufloi ing and  crossness may be caused by anv one  of the numerous ills that make 1 aby  Iivo-i o misery to themselves and a  constant source of worry and <h��.crin-  fort tu tho mother, ,suc-h as colic,  xvorms. indigestion, constipation, the  irritation accompanying tho culling  of teeth etc. When baby is cross do  not. if you value your child's future  xvelfaie. give it any of the so-called  "soothing" medicines, a9 they only  stupe1/ and deaden xvithout removing the cause of tho trouble. What is  needed is a .simple, vegetable compound such as Bnby's Own Tablets,  xx-liu it reach the root of all Uie minor  ailments of little ones, malting them  xvell and happy. 'The best proof of  this is the high praise all mothers  xvho have used this medicine award  it. Mrs XV. S. Beaverstook, Church  streot. Brockville, says . "I have used  Baby s Oxvn Tablets in my house  for several years and knoxv of no  mediime for little ones thut can  equal them. When my baby xvas  teething sho was restless, cross and  peevish and I could do very littlo  xvith her I gave her tho tablets and  they quieted her when other medicines did no good. When baby xvas  trouble-' xvith constipation tho tablets alxxuys gax-e prompt reliof, but  abo've all things I think' 'they arc  most excellent m indigestion , iho  x'ou.itcu a great deal, xvns vory cross  and xvould scieam xvith pain, and I  had to got up with her many times  during the night. No matter how  much she ate s-he kept growing thinner. It xvas then I began tha use of  tho tablets, and she grow plump and  fat, and I had no further trouble  xvith hei at night. I can recommend  tho tallcti lo any mother who has a.  sickly, cross or 'fretful baby| and I  am suio sho xvill never be xvithout  them again." Baby's Oxvn Tablets  arc cosily administered, nnd dissolved in xvater can be given safjiy to  the youngest infant. If your, druggist does not keep them scud 25  cent= to the Dr. Williams Medicino  Co., Brockviilo, Ont.', and a box'xvill  bo sent you-by mail, post pald.<"  A, woman in love is more or less  foolish, but she never finds it out so  Ion�� ns tho man is good to her:"  Minard's Liniment'Cores Distemper.  Dverywhcro religious ordom uro on'  tho increase. In 'Belgium," for In-  slarce, in' 1840 tlicre xx-cro 770 con-  ven'a and'monasteries, xvith. 3 2,000,  inmates In 1900 the; number had  increased to 2,200 convents and inon-i  nslerief, xvlth 87,000 Inmates,  DYSPEPSIA AND INDIGESTION-0.'  W. Snow & Oo., Syracuse, N. Y,, write t  Please send us ten,grou of pills. We are  ���oiling moro Of Parmoloe's Pills than any  other pill wo koep. They havo a great imputation for tho'cure of Dyspepsia and Liver  Complaint." -Mr'. Charles* A. Smith, Und-  sny,writes: "Parmoloe'sFill*aroanexcol-  lont medicine, My sister has been troubled  with severe headache, but these; pills have  oorodhor." * ,        "���>-.. .  I  Ex-cry man;may-(liax.o his,pritc,''but  tho market is apt,-to.bo,avorstbckctl.  t      ��t-t- '   - "���    ' ���  r ���*'- -' ' i(..  S0Z0B0NTT0QTH POWDEpSc  ' ,'/- 'AGE'-OF'WHALES. !r '4>i'  Tho age of thu whale is^ soWlated  according to tlief number of laminae,  or layers, of,tho whalebone, which  irfcreaAo'yearly /.OFroiri-'tJheso indica-'v  tions ages (of 300 to 350 years have  ]beua assigned to'whales.   _      '  L'Ax-enir du Nord, St. Jerome, Quo  Throughout   Canada    much   alarm  has boon   felt   during tbo   pust   foxv  months tit tho outbreak of smallpox  that has  occurred  in vailous localities,   an<l thousands of dollars have  been expended-and rightly so-in suppressing it.     And yet   year iu   and  year out this country suffers from a  plague  that claims moro victims annually than havo been carried oft by  any epidemic during the past quar-  tor    of a century.   Consumption���tho  giviit   xvhito   plague   of the north-is  moro   to   be dreaded than any   cpi-  do   ic    Its  victims  throughout  Canada aro numbered by tho thousands  demic.     Its viotims throughout Can-  anm.ully,   and   through its   ravages  bright young lives in every   quartci  are brought,   to    an untimely   end.  Why '!   Thero are two reasons, tho insidious character of the disease, and  tho   all    too prevalent    belief    that  those xvho   inherit   xxeak    lungs are  foredoomed  to an early   death   nnd  thnt the most that can bo done Is to  give the .loved ones temporary relief  in   the   journey    toxvards the grave  This  is a great    mistake.     Medical  science noxv knows that consumption,  xvhen   it   has not   reached an acute  stage, is curable. But bettor still, it  is   preventable.   Sufferers  from  xveak  lungs   xvho   will    clothe    themselves  properly,  xvho   will    keep the blood  rich and red, not only need not dread  consumption, but xvill ultimately become healthy, robust people. Among  those upon whom   consumption had  fnslcnexl its  fangs,    and   who   hax-e  provc-d  thocliseasc is curable, is Mr.  Ildcge   St. " George,   of   St.   Jerome,  Que      His story as related to a reporter of L'Avenir du Noid. xvill bo  of inteiest to similar sufferers      Mr  St   George says :   "Up to the age of  fifteen   jears   T had always enjojed  the best of health, but at that age I  became   greatly  run    doxvn.   I   lost  color, suffered constantly from headaches and pains m the sides   my appetite left    mo   and   I became   x-ery  xveak    For upwards of three .xears���  though  I xvas having medical treatment���the trouble xvent   on     Then I  xvas attacked   by   a cough and   xvas  lo'd that 1 xvas in consumption Then  the doctor xvho xvas attending me ordered   mo   to  the Laurentian   Mountains in the hope that tho change oi,  air xvould  benefit me.     I   remained  there for some time, but did not improve,    and    returned    home  feeling  that I ha*l not much longer to live  It xx-as then that my parents decided  thnt I should uso Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills, and 1 began taking them     After using several boxes my appetite  began to return, and this seemed to  mark tho change xxliich brought about  my recovery, for with the improved  appetite came gradual but surely increasing   strength.     I continued tho  uso of the pills,    and daily felt   the  xvenkness that had threatened to end  my life disappear, until finally I was  again enjoying good health, and noxv,  ns   tho*=e   xvho  knoxv  me  can  see, I  show no trace of the illness I passed  through.     I   beliex'e   Dr.   .Williams'  Pink Pills saved my life, and I hope  my    statement   xvill    induce similar  sufferc.s io try them."  Dr. Williams' ,Pink Pills mako new,  rich, red blood. With ox-ery dose the  blood is stiengthened, the quantity  incieased, and thus the patient is enabled not only to resist the further  inroad of disease, but is soon restored to actix-o health nnd strength.  If jou arc ill or xveak, or suffering  fiom any disease due to poor blood  or xx-eak nerxes, take Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills at once, and they xvill s-vin  makj you xvell. These Pills are sold  by till dealeis in medicines, or xvill  be senL post paid at 50 cents a box,  or si* boxes for S2..iO by addressing  tho Dr Williams' Medicine Co ,  Brockville,  Ont.  A Klco Storr or tho Prince.  M. A. P. tells the following pretty  story of our recent royal guests: "I  hear a pretty story of the Duke nnd  Ducness of Cornwall and York, who,  walking in the country near San-  dringham a few cloys before tho beginning of tlieir piesent journey,  cume across a won-begonc little boy  silting' ut tlie- roadside crying bitterly. The llttlo chap, on being  questioned sv'iupnthelically by tho  Ducl'css, soblied out that ho had lost  himself. A little further cross-examination showed that tlm youngster  lived in a village about u mile distant, mid the lluko uud Duchess ile-  tcTiiiinoil to seo him home. But as  tlio child was evidently tired out.  Die Duke stooped down unci told him  to clumber on to his shoulder', a  to.it which, vv lib "the Duchess' help,  lie .ircoinplislied, c-nciicling the Duke's  neck >*-itli bis chubby arms and  spreuding his small legs across tho  loyal buck. In this fashion he xvus  curled triumphantly nci'o.'s tho meadows and down the limes till the village vvus icMC-beil. to tlie nmn/ciiieiit  mid delight of the mother und her  neighbois nt such a restoration. Befoie leaving the visitors extracted a  piomisc fioui the women that the  hero of this lojal pick-a-back shtuld  not liavu the 'spanking' ho possibly  deserved." i  ���^K^H^M***^^  MUSIC FOR THE HOLIDAYS] j  Oar Mr. Hatcher is now In tho east seloctin? a stock of pianos and organs for holi- 5  duys. Amoiiir his selection will bo a largo number of the latest stales of tho WIL- V  , LIA5IS' PIANOS famed for thoir puro, full and lasting tone. Our new stock will bo- *-*  gin to urrivo abont Dec. 1st and it will bo we'd for those interested to cnll early. Out- ���-���  of-town customers-will receive our best attention and nil enquiries will bo promptly  answered. We send catnlogno and price list on request. We handlo several different  Milken of organs and xvill bo ploasod to quoto prices dolirored anyvvhoro. Wo havo a  number of good socond hand organs and pianos, in good repair, somo as good as now,  at vory low prices.   Your credit is good with us, no matter whore you lire :   :   :   :   :  Fforrester & HAtCHERT  Ll_iL  I  !  t  t  Y  ���:���  ������:-:������������;���  . C. A. Bile, Portago Ave., Wlnnlpog.  Eldrodpo "B" Sowinir Machinos.  ��  V  X  ���:��_  'X-*x��:-aaa.x..:.  '-���"���--���--.������������-  -:-':**:-:~:-:-w**:-*:��x~x-x~:-:":<  -:������>��:���  A French court has axvarded damages to a railxvay passenger who,  xvhile travelling in a second-class  compartment, was forced to associate with third-class passengers xxho  xvere put into his compartment became there xvas no room in the third  class carriages.  A lady writes: "I was onabled to remove the corns, root and branob, by the  use of Hollowny's Corn Core." Others  who have tried it have tbe same experience.  Ti a man does one bad act and it  is found out it casts a shadoxv over  a cIo-/ea former good ones.  Malaiia continues to be a greater  scourge of the British army in India  than any other fatal causo.  Minard's Liniment Cnres Garget in Cows.  THE RUSTIC WAY.  A moie or less fair cyclist, known  to punch, met a hirm laborer in an  English lane    Said sho ���  ' iCac vou duect me to Higham Up-  ley, please ">"  " Vo'.'x-e only got to follcr yer nose,  mns' "-aid he, "but you'll line! it up  ���11 xvci'l: '"  Tl'i'ic seems to be more then one  xvay o' saying that a nose is "tip-  tilled like 'tho petal of a flower."  Jfasiyi4M tin*   $��twffcMcTl/  For Sale Everywhere  Try our Parlpr. Matches.  They produce a quick LIGHT  without any objectionable  fumes.     :    :   ���.���.���.   :  THE  E. B. Eddy Co.,  LIMITED,      HULL,  CANADA.        S  ���  o  e  ���  ��� ���  MANITOBA MAN  ONE Or TIID LINKS I>" THE LONG  CANADIAN CHAIN OF DIRECT  EVIDENCE.  Testifies to the Powers of the Famous Dodd's Kidney Fills���Cured  ot Backache Like Thousands Moro  Spreads the Good Work Among  His Friends.  ITALY'S WOMAN LAWYDK.   Ripnoiina Teresa Laborioli is the  firs-t xv oman lawyer in Italy. She has  passed her examination xvith honors,  but, a*- she does not desire to advocate the''''nexv woman" she detci mined not to practice.  Beware of Ointments for Catarrh  That Contain Mercuryi  as morcury will snroly destroy tho sodsooJ srooll  "and completely doruiiBO the wholo sjstcm xvhen  entering it through tho mucous surfaces. Such  articlos should never bo used excepton proscriptions from rcpuUblo plijsicians, ns tho damago  they will do is tenfold to the mod yoa can po-.-  ibly donvo from them. Hull's CnUrrh Curo,  manufactured by F. J. Cheuoy & Co.,Tolodo, O ,  contains no morcury, and is takon Intornully,  acting directly upon tho blood nnd mucous surfaces of tho system. In bus inpt Hell's Catanh  CurebosuroyoUKoUhogotniiiio. It Is takon  Intornully. and mado in Toledo, Ohio, by F, J.  Chonoy&Co.  Testimonials freo.  Sold by_Dni��frl*'ts, prico 75c. porbottlo.  Hall's Family 1'ills nro tho bost, ���  Champagne  alcohol, and  per cent.  has   12.2 per cent,  ot  gooseberry xvlno   11 S  Thero ia nothing equal to Mother Graves  Worm Exterminator for destroying worms.  No nrticlo of Us kind hns given sach entuv  fuctlon,  LAI _G EST OF TLYING Bin PS  Tho largest 'of flying birds is the  Onliforniun vulture, or condor, measuring from tip to tip l>Vi to JO feet,  and ONcecding considerably in size  tho true condor of South America.  The bird lays but one 'egg each season, largo, oval, ashy green, and  deeply pitted.  Minard's Liniment Cures Dipbtheria.  , By using compressed air'in the  blowing of glass a Dresden inventor  has discovered a method .pf manufao  lng glacs vessels of unusually large  si^,' such as bath tubs and kettles.  Oalc Lake, Maal, Nov. 25.���Frank  Colleauji, of this place has turned  missionary. A conscientious sense of  duly has impelled hun to spread a  certain good xvork among his friends  and neighbors. The xvork in question  is th; xvork of Dodd's Kidney Pills.  Some time ago Mr. Colleaux xvas  cured ot Backache. He had it for  yeats. Though he didn't knoxv it,  his kidnejs xvere affected, and it xvas  his kidnejs that caused bun such  misery  But be found lelief. Ho did more,  he found a positive cure. lit read  that Dodd's Kidney Fills curo Backache. So they d_��_ they've cured  thousands of cases .of It, simply became they act on the kidneys xvith  such splendid effect and thus get at  the cause of that fearful disablement.  So Frank is spreading tho good tidings among his friends as,fast as he  can. If be meets a man suffering  xvith backache he tells lnra right  strnight what is really the , matter  with him and recommends. Dodd's  Kidney Pills. In this xvay ho is the  moans oi helping many a poor victim or Kidaey Disease xxho might  never have understood that in Dodd's  Kidney Pills hi has a sure escape  from Ins allliction  ' lt gix-es mo a gieat amount of  plcti'ure," says Mr. Colleaux, "to re-  conmend Dodd's Kidney Pills_to all^  iny neighbors and friends. ITan-tes-  tify to thoir excellent curatix-e properties for Backache because txvo  bo>_os cured mc."  .Ei&rRie'BEi.? it  Ihe steamer W. L. Brown, out of  Duluth, mado a record season. She  carried 5,780,000 bushels of wheat in  txven ty-txv o cm goes.  Hinari's Liniment Cnres Colds, Etc.  ECHO  OF TIIE CENSUS.  "&o your nninc is Tnddy O ><ira.  Aro ,vou skilled V"  "Am I phxvut'.'" ' .  "Aio you up in your occupation ?"  "No. Oi'm down. Ol'm a ooal miner, sor."  Sozodont  Good for Bad Teoth ,  Not Bod for Good Teeth  Sozodont    ��� ���     ������  Sozodont Tooth Powder  Large Liquid and Powder  125c;  BAIX & RUCKEL. How York.  Free to Men!  Are you a weakling ? Are you one of those unfortunate  young men xvho, through ignorance and bad company, have  contracted nervous spells, weak back, varicocele, gloomy  forebodings, loss of courage and ambition, loss of confidence,  bashfulness, despondency and weakness ? Dr. McLaughlin's  Electric Belt will cure you.  Are you a middle aged man suffering from varicocele,  prematureness, indigestion, constipation, rheumatism, lame  back, etc. ? | Dr. McLaughlin's Electric Belt xvill cure you ? *'  Are you an old man, declining before your time, having  lost all ability to enjoy life, with prostatic trouble, lost  strength, debility, pains and aches, and general decay of  organic powers ? I can cure you with Dr. McLaughlin's  Electric Belt with free suspensory for weak men.  1 will send you, sealed, free, my beautiful book telling  , about it if yo'* will send this ad.    Send for it to-day.  dr. m, E Mclaughlin, i30Yo\e^Zo��r.  Oflice Hours-9 A.M. to 8.30 P.M.  -,---, i  j*2  ii  5?  Ryrie  Rings;  We can only by illustration and a word or txvo of  description in our catalogue,  let out-of-toxvn buyers know  about our magnificent selection of rings.  All thegems arerepresented.  All the good styles shown.'  " Ryrie" Rings appeal  to those who admire ring  beauty, and the large number xve sell enables us to  carry a stock that allows a  splendid choice.  CATALOGUE SEDT OTOIt  APPLICATION.  . "DIAMOTOHALL"  Ryrie Bros.,  YMfe aad Adtljlde Sts.,  TORONTO.  WANTED.  To loaso or purchase a Flour Mill or Elovator  or would build if liberal iuducomonts oITorod.  In tho monntimo nm opon to buy 100,000 bushels  differ oat prudes whoat, oats and barley.  Apply  JAMES HODD,  Gram Exchange,  WINNIPEG.  Lato II. A C. Milling Co., Stratford. Ontario.  illoway & Champion  BANKERS AND BROKERS-  ���WINNIPEG.  The most severe critics old-fashioned people have are girls between 12  and -0 years of ago:  -.Have you so much leisure from  youi' bxvii business that you can take  caro'or'that of other'people that  does not belong-to .you ?���Terence.   ���  Writo to us for prices of SOKIP,  Got our List of Lands. x  Stocks and Bonda Bought aad  Sold.  Wo can furnfch tho oxnet amount of  Scrip for uny pnyment on Dominion  Lands.   Do not pay cash.  JAMES HODD        ARTniTR ATKINSON*  HODD & ATKINSON  Floar nnd Griiin Morclinuti,  Room 212 Grain Exclianuo, Wlnnlprfr.  Wo nro buyers of wheat for Docombor anil January shipment from \\ oitorn points nnd lu iloni  Fort William or Duluth.  Our Mr. Jnmos llodd  having a lonir imd well ostnblishod oxport Flout  xvo Bpociallydosirnrorrosponooncnwttli  HODD i, ATKINSON. -  trade,  millers.  Doth Trained.  Little Edith bud been very sick, but  wns convalescent.   Waking up suddenly  nod timling a strange lady at ber bedside,  she asked:  . "Arc you the doctor?"  "No, dear," replied tho lady. "I'm your  trained nurse."  ������ "Ob!" exclaimed .Edith, pointing to a  cage lmnging near tbe window. "Trained  ifurse, let me Introduce you to my trained  cauary."  ,W. N. U. No. 354..  ,��� ' *   ���  ���_..-*-<> ���������.' ^ '(- THE INDEPENDENT,  SATURDAY.. FEBRUARY 3, 1902 *  n>.  and Leggings  In great variety.    Just the thing for  this cold snap.  Prices to suit everybody. We have  them in Ladies' at SOc, 75c, $1, $1.50  and $2. Also in Men's at SI, $1.25,  $1.50, $2 and $2.50.  9 420-422 Westminster Ave  Knowdell & Hodgson  512 Granville St., Vancouver.  Dealers in  SIoks. Ranges, Tinware,  .iraiiilewiti't', CntU'ry and  General Hoiixefurnisliiiigs  Prions right. Call and sec for yourselves.  MAU. OUDERS receive prompt ut-  tention.  HEWS OF THE LIBOR WOULD  CAX'ADIAX.  Woi-kiitgiuen of' Toronto are agitating for the appointment ol a'scaffold  inspector.  Promoters of a. knitting factory lia\-e  ���asked 'St. Caoluuiines for a bonus, anld  ���St. Catharines says knit, says n.n: exchange,  ���"The city   cocunc-II   of   'Montreal Was  Tpassed a* resolution calling: for the use  ���of. the union label on. a.ll city'"printing;  ���a*'he 'printers consequently are 'haippyl  -''-  Tbe .first '..cheese'��� factory, ia .Caiuwiii  ��� xva'S foulIt.'tn IStil. ; InisiO Canada ex-*  : ported O.O')l),00O pounds of. this product.  .  in 1880 Canadian exports bail' i'hereas-':  , cd to ;40,000,GO0 .'pounds: in 1S90 tlie ex-  :':',-jiorts ihad sttWX, further itiei-easc-cl t'i 34,-  O00,0O07and "Ik. 100,0 the Caiuvdhin7l*i--  -eisn cheese trade amounted to thelai*S'_  7 toiall' pij_S6.'0CO,00O pounds, 'aiguiinst only  ::��,bo0,t_00;7.^unds : froin-! Uie ���'United  ' .States. 7,7 :*: i'y.ll'X:':.:-,'i-"X. .'7-  :   Brockville. trades unionists are to:be.  '.'congratulated; on  their  Initial .success  ./ Iu civic elections.   They- put .up three  :: ;BlUlermen:.:;!ii JeticJi; pf, live. wards,' ^and  .succeeded ;m ^lectinysevea out ot the  TiftCt.een, as well its electii"ritr. the. liisiyo'i'.  The Tmayo:- is a tinsmith, and .-among  ���the 'aldermen- Is; one ���.''.carpenter,'; one  .moulder. . oneshipper,one  elei-k,   one  rmislcial instrument man and.ii. geritle-  .'. onim, although organized laibor Is,six-eh  ���credit for having'"fexv'7oit:''that: class  'among tlieni. They elected two machinists as light consumers.   This is^an ex-  '���'���: sceedingly good:.,showing.': ���::'���':"  Ait (D'erguson a meeiting oMocal.No.'  6 of7the-socialls.t7party7oC.B.:-'C.7xvas',  "  :ilield7las"t;i\veek...xvhen oflicers.tor the  ���ensuing six months' were .elected:   A.  '���'. <3.:Ouimmins. ohairman, and -'Rj P.r.Pet-  .   itfpieoe,���;"se6r6tdry-treasurer.'" The   rid-  :  ralssiloh fee xvas ..fixed -at 25 cents, with  monthly dues ot :2o, cents  per: month,  7'uo cimts. per capita and. the remaining  :.'.36 cents to go into a propaganda fund.  *.TweIxre members enrolled.. It xvas de-  , ���   -elded 'to hold:imeetings every Monday  -.7 J8\'eniinig,.in'iMlrt��Ts' union hall, ito Which  :.;.;'--*heiii>ulbilo..xvlil::be; invited.   A coiiim.it-  7-; *teel of itlhree,. A. J.  Gordon, It.  Foran  ,    rarnd B. P. PetMpieee; xvere appointed to  .;-'; arrange .progi-ams for ithe. meetings.till  7,73IairohlKt. ' ;-'' :-.7;.'_;' '  Organizer D..Stamper, of MooEejaw,  7 N.'.'W.  T.,  reports as follo\x-s:    Have  anetiwlth fair success in organizing Uhe  ===,a��cUoai=tfot'eiiien=and=laiboi'ers=.xx-<>ri<;lTis_  : ior the Canadian Pacific andi Canadian  (Northern railway companies in 'Mn.nl-  loiba and Assinaibala,.Instituted local  divisions of the Brotltierhood of Bail-  way Trackmen at Winnipeg, Belmont,  jPortage la  Prairie   and    'Mlnnedosa.  _6lnce the itractanen's strike on the C.  P. OR.' tiie section iaen .have awaScened to  j       Uso faot that ithey have a solid organisation, which Is In a posltlon.to assist  ���Uiem In bettering their conditions.    I  am pflad 'to say that the majority jthor.  ,'>' oushly realize the great    advantages  ii " Uiey ihave already reaped as a. result  ;(    of the traokmen'K great ix-lctory on the  ei-s should return to thoir old .positions and whenever there xvere jj-rlev-  conl'ei-ence that the employer Should  receive committees from tlie organization ito discuss tWem. This is the first  strike of amy consequence that bhe  xxood wonkers of .-Toronto tave declared  for a nunilbei- of years, hence xve consider the n-lctoi-y achieved n notable  one and one ithat will uniques lionajbl.v  add to- the strength of the'' Amalgamated union, xvhei-cwer it Tins a foothold'.'in. the Dominion.���International  "Woodworkers' Journal.  seeuru affiliation xvith the doclt xvork-  crs of Europe.  The general condition of labor in  Jlontanu. Is dull at piesent. In Western pnt-t of the state, however, laboring men received an Increase of 25 cents  u day.   This affects nbout li.OCO men.  <^k*-K*>K<��;!-<��*l{*;K��>K*��>K**>M-;*-K*��^  |       ON HIS ROUNDS.       |  $     By H. Williamson, ol Ihe Independent    .*H  *w-*H{<��>K'^ii'��*i;*}ii*}i-;*��^{'��Hi<*>K<i>>ii  1 suppose It is close on time to foi--  xvai'd you a few more lines, but I must  llrst call your attention to n slight error In my last. What I did sny xvas  tihrnt the reverend gentleman, ��t North  Bend "would conic* to tlw> front In his  ])rofcsslon In a little while."  After, leaving North Bend, I arrived  ul Keefers, wilierc I stopped over night.  I xvas told that one Hanna���he must  be some relation to Senator Mark Hanna���.kept all the commercial meu'mii}  preachers xvho might' xvaint to stop ox-ei-  ut this place. The Independent man,  however, aipparently looked too .much  like a worUlngmiaii lo suit bis 'taste,  and consequently ,wn�� not allowed to  stop at ihis place. Sizing up this in-  diivid'iiajl, he appears to be one of those  plcayunlsii, narixiw-inindcd oharactera  Uliat you read about In nox-els xvho is  ever ready to giasp and snatch everything he can possibly get ihis hands on.  He is not popular wltih -tlhe'people Jiei-e,  holding as iie does also the iposltion of  /postmaster at Keefers. The govern-  niant should certainly iflnd some more  obliging -.person., to till this ��� position.  Preachers uind dminrnmers are Banna's  long Milt. There are some iflne people  who slop at Keefei's.  I ��axv tihe Standard people, who aro  alive to 'business. This paper is one of  the best in the Interior and deserves  all the patronage it can get.  I was plciused to see Mr. 'Morris, the  Secretary of tihe Kamlops Cigar-makers' union. He is an old Vancouver-  Ite, ihax-lng been at one time an aclix-e  delegate on the Trades and Idibiir  council. Ui*u. Mori-la is doing xvell. Upon enquiry I Iind things shaping In a  good course towards lnalklng the '.Inland  Capital city u foremost union town.  The local unions have decided to organize a trades und labor council, and  ihave sent for a charter. The tailors of  Kamloops ihave organized >a union,  every tailor hem being a staunch union  man. Tho outlook for the 'tailors ls  very 'encouraging, and I tako pleasure  In wishing tlitin any best xvlshes for n  great success ot tlielr organization.  The .barbers Iin;ve decided to form a  ���union forthwith and have applied for  a charter. They expect to be down to  xvork next xx-eelc-: xvith 'union cards In  the shop xvindows of the town. They  are strongly in fax-or of the examination of all bnr.bei-s iby an Insipector  Great praise is due the tnnsorlal artists  of Kamloops for deciding to adopt the  union card system.  ' iThe''bartenders'have decided to o;  ganize a union, and things In'this direction (ire .progressing very fax-orable  xvlth'Ohem. In this mox-ement the boys  at: Vancouver sbould ifolloxv suit.  From avery point of view you see  that Kamloops is a 'Stirring place, xvith  a good papukvtlon.  THE CIVIC SOW.  iVoiJ'LL NEED HEAT  ���  Before long now. The best heators made ^P  ���tlie cheapest to buj* and the most eco- ���  nomical 'to use are the ���  99   AIR-TIGHTS ANP  '  BASE- BURNERS.  made by the McClary Mfg. Co.  , 126 Hastings St., ��.  SOLE AGENT     ' ^-  McLennan,  McFeely & Co^  ���WHOLBSALB AND  KETAIH ��BALERS  TS  ��* ���***' Hardware  MAIL  ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT AaTlUflNTTION.  Come in, Gentlemen,  ���and inspect our new line of Spring Clothing just lh. Wo" want to  have.lt seen by every ui>-to-d;ito and oconomical,dresser In British. Columbia.- , '.... ���      '/...���'        ..;*  Ox-er $1,000. ln Uie latest and best; Clothing, for Men; Touths and,Boys  ���all styles���all sizes. .  The harder a man is to please' tho more :anxious. we < arc tliatr.lio  should see theso garments���they axe in Worsteds, Olwewls, Serges, etc.  o Como ln, you need feel under uo obligation to buy.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ��> CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., 0|it>> Wm. Ralph's.  (Cuinndbi.it Paalflc railway.  Toronto Wood Woifkers' union gained a glorious -victory just lis 1901 xv.v?  Mnrrcndc-rlnif Its (place In the annals of  lihiw. to t'he ���new year. Tlie mew hod  tteiiuiinded a nine-'hour day, an Increase  ln xtfaces and recognition of the unloa.  Tthc emiploycrs stubbornly resisted tihe  demands, but throus-h ithe good ofllcea  ���of Hon. Wm. MuiIoc<k, the Canadian  minister of labor, a conference waa arranged aver, which he presided, and  a*. whlOh both sides to the oontroversy  were represented. It was agreed ait the  coenference thait Uhe employer should  concede the hinle-hour day xvithout anv  incnease in wages; <tHiat all of Uie Btrik-  AMBRICAN".  "Woiili.ils good ih Oregon city.  ��� Peoria', garment xvorkei-s nre striking  against'a reduction in xvages.  The Social DemociiaiWc party of New  Yonk Initend esttibltshiitg a. daily newspaper,  Cui-peutci'S'.'mid joiners of Ameni.a  ���have OKI local .unions with a membei--  ship of 0-1,000.  All the- union .plumbers of 'Akron. O.,  were looked nut by the'bosses assjocii'i-  'tlon last xveek.  .'', Tlie .building .contractors of New Orleans ihaive ' threatened to smash ilhe  unions of that city.  On April 1st .Minneapolis carpenters  wili receive a raiise from 45 to 37 1-2  cents an 'hour, minimum scale.  ���The ���blaoksmliths and other, mechanics  in Denver, Col., are on a strike In the  I_eyners' niaolillne shops of tlliat city.  All printing "presfthV&n and 'press feed-  ors are requested to stay away from  Springfield, O., as a. fcti-lke is on there.  The differences betxveen; the Building Trades council and Wie parent body  of San Francisco haive ibeen adjusted.  President Roosevelt lias ordered that  the laiborere in the ..'service, of the gox--  rnment'.are to 'be put liuto the civil her-  xlce.  The New York Herald is going to  put in a 'press that xxiill .print 148,000  copies per hour. Lo! the poor preos-  ma.n. ij  Organized labor of Duluth, Miwn., is  making atlght against 'the operation of  steam-heating iplants 'bj' women a'ld  Inconvpetenit men and bo>-s.  The workingmen at the Homestead  plant of the Carnegie Steel Works have  :canti-ibuted $10,000 from their earnings  to the McKinley memorial fund.  About 400 .bookWnders In Milwaukee  quit xvonk.on the 13��h   Inst.   The de  mand is for an Increase of 10 to lfi  per cent-in-Wage8-and_a_shorter xvork  day.  , The glassxvoi'kers of the Eagle Gloss  ^company, ut Well.*fl>u_K> XV, Va,, have  struck on account of tt reduction tn  wages. 'About 200 nien and boys aire  aftec-ted.  ���Five hundred members ot the Custom  Clothing Makers' union iwere locked out  in Chicago. All the unions In the city  are pitching In ��uid helping to boycott  the'. bosses.  The Buffalo Express has signed', an  agreement with the Buffalo union to  engngw no more nonrunion men. Any  further positions to be lllllc-d xvlll be  given to members of the union.  The anthracite miners in the east  haive decided to ask cite Natloiuul Civic  Federation 'to assist tilieiv. In arranging  a conference xvlth the operators in regard 'to their scale for the coming year.  ��� The PCmfitylvarila mining laxvs have  been - translated and published ln Polish, Magyar, Italian, Slavish, .Russian  <uid Lithuanian. Tlisy wtill be distributed 'free ito the 'thlners 'of each  nationality.  Longshoremon 'Hi* 'llotookfti ��� censured  Presliaeiit iKeefe -for milxine: >up with  Hamna's ''peace * conference," and de-i  *nv-ui'd '��� Instead * tioM be' Miy; himself' to  .'��� Aftei- leaixiing there I xveivt to Lyt-  ton, whiOh,"tow.n is located on the side  of the great Thompson , river. : Tlie  scenery hereabouts is grand. I put up  at Tom McMillan's place, the Bailey  house. '.' The genial'-.proprietor, is an old  seotlon man, and, this hotel is l-.uiian  the most imodern plan, the furnishings  of which beats anything between Vam-  (couvei- a.nd Eamloaps. The tables; at  ���tlliis ���xvell-eiiuipiiediios'telry are spread  with the very best.' At the bar a gojd  supply of union-made cigars and -first-  class liquors {..re ikept. '���  'Mr. Horni'bin, a; Arancouver ..contraic-  tbr, .Is'-jh'ere putting.up .Hie ...Industrial  school. 7 He has ai'egulair union crivy.  woi'king on the. job.: I also met George  Ttitchie, aii old . member,7of.'the Amal-:  ganiated Socieity of Carpenters. He is  employed on, the dredge:xx-hich is ua-  ^ei" the imti.iiagem.ept .of jir, .Graham,  the dreiigiiig esperti. ������:,'���;' 7.-77:'- f.777  The Globe liot(il,:'"ifr.7Giliis,: pi-oprl;!-  loiv,isivei-y'p(,jiula.i- with the,boys here-,  ahou ts. .. ,ThIs!'. ifi'ive i P1 ace~ '���.does a rush7  ���lng:business..:.,: i:,x..-:.      ';i>\7.;... ii-:llll  ��� Whin I S'trubk Ashcroft I xvas some-J  xvhat :surprised at ithe 7town. .This  place Is nicely,; situated, hut Is a little  on the.quiet amid not7at' a)ll,,up-toi-date  lilce' -the general run of western towns.'  I called on: Dr. Reynold's Ashcroft  Journal, and met the staff, 'ban-frig two  xvho were not'then present. 'The Journal is xvel| iliked aiid the boys on it are  'fine felloxvs.  :..y X'"y:X[y ��� ��� X, ".: .  Leaving Ashcroft I arrived at Savo-  nas. Here .'there is 'the usual amount  of xvoitk going , on. Besides a 'hobil  tlhere 1s a general store kept by , Mr.  Jane, a highly esteemed man of good  parts, and la x-ery obliging. He carries a large stock of merchandise, and  his prices therefore ��� are' not excessive.  He hns 'always wanked hard In the Inteiests of xvorictngmen, and is always  ���ready to lend a helping hand in time  of need.  I fongot to say that there is some  very nice things going on at ��pence's  BrIdge_in^aiqulte_.dwv-_ejJlikeJway.   From  xx-hat I heard at theistutionil xvould  not he surprised to ere long read in  The Independent of the happy marriage of a popular young ninn In this  burg. He's all right and so is the  yoUhg lady. And atlll Cupid plays her  pranks.  Oui- city council met In solemn con.  clave Monday evening last at the regular hour. The mayor-arid all the aldermen xvere .present xvith the exception of Ald.-eleet Skene fi-oiri xva'rd" I,  wto anxiously 7eyed Ills x-acant* cihaii-  from 'tihe audience. ,.;..;  .:R, iMiirpole, of'flie C. P. It;, wrote to  the!effect 'that 'the deeds .foi'. the Cam-  'bie street grounds and the hospital site  had .been 'turned over to.' the city.  , Thedepuy provincial secretary in letter: announced that a crown giant of  the False Oi-cek lla'ts 'to'.the city wrs  in course of "preparaition. .���'; ������ , 7 '"���  ���':"��� A. Cullon, of Linds.'iyi Ont.,: wanted  ;   '-���    ���'      <?.:,' '  '.''   '.'���:'''.. ....'::���      ���    "  linfoi-matioii1 as to the nature of the en-  :coui'agenient::t'hat xvould be given thini  to. start-a manu'factory, of. miriing.tools  -and:;maclilniery... '. ilyy7-'-liHi. i:���:','.  : .The 'secretary, of :ttoe.Pluiii.bei\s'7aisso-.  claMoii ..xvrote.. i-ecoiixmendingvthe tip-  Ipolntrnferrtiof. a pluirtbirig inspector,.on  '.the'v '^rotiti^i ...itftii't';,3VIr,.'7��i;!vrilp�� '������ -liaii' -.'tg^  ���hiuch:other work to look nfler.in Hut  i^nch.!::.Fiie<i.7: ;77 ��� 7:7 77 777 .''77'  'McKenzie'-. Bros. :'wrote [urging. that  Uie, city should, hdx-e'tui-.n'ens to atitentl  Vo the opening'and.closing of the'False  creek*, tii-ldges. Tliey poiiit?d;out 'tllial  tousln'ess engagements how cori-jpel thorn'  .to 'ti-ansfer.: G. :N. .cans fyom Livenpopl  to'their.xxihaiwes.on False creeik, .with-,  out hreaiklng bulk.'and that, the 'transfer : barge; xvlth .cars would "iiot pass  clear... iReferred to the board of 'works'.'  "���: The appointment of an assiston't"license. inspector .was .conifiiimed;  '���' Aid. Cook's .motion -that a, cominilttee  he appointed to draw up ameridments  to the.city charter specially.relating to  the .establlshment.of. a commission to  ���manage" the '���.'city's.', affairs, -was defeated.. yXy::Vyy:-;-..''���:������������.-.���.. ������-.���.-.':��� 'yy:'y. -������'.;.,''������������''.  , 'Aid. McQueen said it would cause all  sorts of .xvlrepulli'ngand he did aiot'sep  ���that any good purpose would ibe served.  '.' '.'A 'byrlaxx- xvaa .put';;'through all - its  ���readings. authorizing the oity to .borrow $200,000 in an'ticlpu'tlon'ot/the forth ���  comlni_r taxes, yxy   y i'yX;i'l  ':'���'.���'.;" :  .  Aid. Forema,n moved the second read-  Ingofthie water works iby-laxv7  *Ald. Brown did Tiof see xvhy men  holding, vacant property should be op-  ip:e3sed.=~The .presentUx'.aterrtajc-he^did  not think fair.  KELLY, E>OLOLA�� ^�� CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  c>  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  d^r" Headquarters for Domestic and Bm-  fiorfed Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  H1SNDEY,  ENGLAND,   is ono or, the largest,inaniifac-  turlng  centres  In   the Old  Country  for  crockery:-: aud  ahlna.  X\'o have just received a large shipment of-these'goods,-Including, a-beautiful  line of FANCY TOILET SETS.  They arc In various colors and arc made  of Demi-Porcelain are handsome-���up-  to-date and���like all  English   goods   give entire satisfaction.  XVe bought them diroct and aro. offering them to.'you at only  S1.75  A SET.  ���See our window.  R. Qa BUCHANAN ��> CO.  CHOCKEItV AN'D IIUC'SB FI!IINISI1IN0>,  Telephone 3-1-5. 100 llii-.tins* Streot.  ��AYOY' THEATRE-  McDoNEI-L i- Sisn'60K....:.'.riniirietor8.  Al.F. P. Jame., Stuge Mauilger-  Week Commencing*  Monday, Next  Artistic and Refined Vaudeville.  EVERY ACT A FEATURE.  Wishing the  Citizens of Vancouver  a Prosperous  New Year_^i>  ���xve again xvnnt it knoxvn that i >  xve are still doing business \*it the i.  olil stand and invite yiiu to make ' ���  us a call. ' .  Get prices, note /-utility and be , >  happy for 1902.    ' l 9  FORD'S GROCERY  '    Tel. ?28.   2�� Masting* St. C.   f  ��t+ty4f,ay0*y9<9*>*>O99��>*>*>  . . MAKRfl A .ritClAl rV.OF . .-_ ',  ��    Dewar's special Liqueur, also.-.',  o" ..usner'sBiacK Lauei Llnueur wdishs*  1    -LARGE STOCK OF-    ��'  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC;  . Cigars ���   _ ,  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  COINEB CORDOVA AND ClBRALL. ,,  t  Kamloops Ls <ioltc a ���modern town  and Its council would ibe a, bit of iift  example for VancoulveT to folllow. It  oxvn�� tl��e elcctrio phunt and the water  w-oi'Ich. It has also a modern (Ii"_  alarm Bj-Htcm. Buniness appoiirs to be  fair.  I am KtoppInK at the Grand l'acldc  Hotel. ThLi up-to-date .plnc�� In run  by 'P. A. Baniliart. an ex-coniluctor of  ���the C. P. It.. You' are well lookmd after  ���here."  I mlffht .mention .that Mr. iMurphy,  one ixf our mibscrlbera at Kumloois,  hun lieen ln'the eiiiployof'the C. I*. R.  tor 16 years.. Or.ce XMlWn a bridge xva.s  on fire he swam across the stream to  the other end of the structure, nnd  landed on ithe apposite shore Just in  time to signal a. 'heavy passeng-er train, j  Instead ot keeping 'Jita'pe&BiiW away  for Jila dally wages, "tlhe 'Company  should auiperamnuate 'toim 'for itl* 'bat-||  ance of hifl life for Wb iierolo serv'ioea  In rep!iy 'Aid. Foreman '3ald all the  opposition ito this iby-laxv 'hadl come  fi-om reaJi estate men, and Aid. Brown  being one''of itihem,'he: (Foreman) e*c  pec ted opposition faom hlui.  Aid, McQueen .thought the by-law a  '-ioat one. The Iburdeu ffliould fall on  all property alike.  Aid. Bethune 'said xmciiiu proporty  holders should ipay their hIuuv. l'lpjs  ln fixinit of.ix-n.cant property Should he  'taxed to the limit.  Aid. Cook damned t.w7'l)y-taw jyltn  faint praise.  (At ;0hls Juncture Aid. Brown taltad  so loud that the opeaTcers could not be  ihciii'd.)  Aid. MoQueen moved that Irmtead of  all pities four Inches und over being  itaxed It should be two inches. Thiu  was carried. * %  Tiie city solicitor said that thla would  moi*a tliam likely be disallowed 1>y Uie  courts.  Keplylng Aid. McQueen rernarked  'that If Such w'as the case theclumter  amendmewt vi-aa a Tvumbug.  Further consideration of this by-law  was laid oxwr,for another week.  The c-onti<J��l then adjourned.  :   GE0.H4Y   :  ���   , Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes  Renovator, makes a suit new.  Dyeing and Repairing.  -216 Cambii St., VAMOonvm.        ^..  Baby's  Pace  ���rift ��no'softer than the  softness.wo.aim at ln tho WASHING OF'J''I*ANNiBnaJ'cntrusted to  "a. *  Uke 'Wlllliun Toll^���wo never  miss our aim.  It In.not a txlok tor'xis to wash  Flannels .well.  It'B tho knowing Kow^���and then  doing, itt  Bond your. Flannels to us n nd seo  how thoy,wllt'-haoKup this stale-,  ment.  Imborters and Botitler*]  GORE AVE:, THONK.783..'     '  SOLE AGENTO;^  For the next, SO daya you can get %iult ��t  , your own prloe at  THE   ACME'.  To introduce our new lyiitem of UU4ilL�� �����-  fore our Fall Stock aixlvca.;  li  i  Sfc>.  OLMotiaa4,CatterM

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